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Full text of "A catalogue raisonné of the works of the most eminent Dutch painters of the seventeenth century based on the work of John Smith. Translated and edited by Edward G. Hawke"

A CATALOGUE RAISONN^ 



OF THE 



WORKS OF THE MOST EMINENT DUTCH PAINTERS 
OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 



MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED 

LONDON BOMBAY CALCUTTA 
MELBOURNE 

. THE MACMILLAN COMPANY 

NEW YORK BOSTON CHICAGO 
ATLANTA SAN FRANCISCO 

THE MACMTLLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD. 

TORONTO 



A Catalogue Raisonne 

OF THE WORKS OF THE 

Most Eminent Dutch Painters 
of the Seventeenth Century 

( , 
I 
Based on the Work of 

JOHN SMITH 



BY 



CO^HOFSTEDE DE GROOT 

[WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF KURT FREISE] 

TRANSLATED AND EDITED BY 

EDWARD G. HAWKE 

VOLUME II 




MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED 
ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON 

GERMAN EDITION : PAUL NEFF VERLAG (MAX SCHR.EIBER) 
ESSLINGEN ; AND F. KLEINBERGER, 9 RUE DE I/ECHELLE, PARIS 

1909 







NJ) 



PREFACE 

As to the contents of this, the second, volume, I have little to 
add to what I said in the preface to the first. This volume is 
devoted to the painters of landscape with figures, Aelbert Cuyp 
and Philips Wouwerman. I had intended to include Adriaen 
van de Velde and Paulus Potter also in this volume, but the 
descriptive catalogues of Cuyp's and Wouwerman 's works have 
run to such a length that I have had to change my plan. Van 
de Velde and Potter, although the catalogues of their works are 
finished, must therefore be deferred to a later volume in which 
masters who are akin to them in style will accompany them. 

As I said in the preface to the first volume, I have not noticed 
pictures in museums and private collections which I do not regard 
as originals. I have omitted them partly to keep the work within 
reasonable limits, partly also to spare collectors the pain of seeing 
their pictures described as unauthentic. 

Unfortunately it has come to my knowledge that many 
private collectors are annoyed even at finding that my notes on 
the quality and condition of their pictures are, as may naturally 
happen, not altogether full of praise. Thus I have been compelled 
as far as possible to suppress such criticism, so as not to risk 
depriving myself of the indispensable co-operation of collectors, 
without which the completion of the enterprise would be to some 
extent involved in doubt. 

In regard to the question whether a particular picture is an 
original or not, I have, of course, continued to give a conscientious 



' 



vi PREFACE 

opinion to the best of my ability. Of the pictures in private 
collections I have mentioned only those that seem to me genuine. 
But for the reason just assigned I have practised the greatest 
reserve in my remarks on quality and condition. I have only 
spoken freely about the pictures in public collections. 

My assistant, Herr Kurt Freise, has prepared for the press 
the materials for the catalogues of both the masters included in 
this volume. 

C. HOFSTEDE DE GROOT. 

, THE HAGUE, 1908. 



As in the first volume, the translator has, from personal observa- 
tion, or with the assistance of others, been able to amplify the 
descriptions of a number of pictures in British collections, and to 
add notices of others that had escaped even the learned author's 
exhaustive search. Several pictures by Cuyp, which were 
brought to the translator's notice while the sheets were passing 
through the press, are described at the end of the Cuyp section 
(on pp. 244-246), but are numbered as if they appeared in their 
proper places in the body of the catalogue. In response to the 
suggestion of kindly critics, the translator has compiled an index 
of the painters and engravers mentioned in this volume ; he 
trusts that this addition may be found useful. The translator 
has to express his gratitude to Mr. Humphry Ward, Mr. Arthur 
Kay, Mr. Herbert Cook, Mr. D. S. Meldrum, and Mr. James 
Greig, among others, for their courteous advice and help in the 
preparation of this volume. 

EDWARD G. HAWKE. 



Vll 



DIRECTIONS TO THE READER 

1. The pictures are arranged according to their subjects in the follow- 
ing groups : Sacred History, Mythology, Profane History, Allegory, 
Genre, Portraiture, Landscape, Still-Life, and Undescribed Pictures. 

2. Within each group the pictures known to exist are described as far 
as possible in the alphabetical order of the names of the towns where they 
are preserved. 1 Then follow the pictures known only from descriptions in 
books, in the chronological order of the notices referring to them. 

3. The numbering is continuous. Pictures, the descriptions of which 
are lacking in precision, are given numbers with letters appended ; this 
signifies that any such picture is probably recorded under a separate number 
with a full description. In exceptional cases, however, newly discovered 
pictures have had to be inserted in their proper places in the list, and 
assigned numbers with letters. 2 

4. The titles of the pictures known to the compiler by personal 
inspection, and of a few known to him from trustworthy reports or good 
photographs, are printed in capitals. 

5. In the measurement of pictures the height precedes the breadth. 
The terms " right " and " left " are used from the spectator's point of 
view. 

6. In the descriptions of pictures not known to the compiler, the 
critical remarks are copied from the book or sale-catalogue quoted as an 
authority for the existence of the picture. 

1 In cases where a picture has changed hands while the book was passing through the press, it 
has not always been possible to adhere to this rule. 

2 In several cases, while the book has been passing through the press, two pictures separately 
described have been found to be identical. In such cases the two entries have been amalgamated 
and one of the numbers left blank. Translator's Note. 



IX 



CONTENTS 



PAG2 

PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . v 

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE ....... vii 

DIRECTIONS TO THE READER ...... ix 

AELBERT CUYP 

BIOGRAPHY ....... i 

PUPILS AND IMITATORS ...... 4 

A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE CONTENTS ... 6 

CATALOGUE RAISONNE ...... 8 

CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF DATED PICTURES . . . 246 

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBERS ..... 247 

PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 

BIOGRAPHY ........ 249 

PUPILS AND IMITATORS . . . . . .253 

A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE CONTENTS. . . .254 

CATALOGUE RAISONNE . . . . . .257 

CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF DATED PICTURES . . . 645 

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBERS . . . 646 

INDEX OF COLLECTIONS AND COLLECTORS . . __ 651 

INDEX OF PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS ..... 679 



XI 



SECTION VII 



AELBERT CUYP 



THE date of Aelbert Cuyp's birth was for long supposed to be 1605, 
on the evidence of a baptismal certificate wrongly assumed to be his. 
G. H. Veth has at last determined the true date as the end of October 
1620, and published the discovery, with many other interesting details 
about the Cuyp family, in Oud Holland^ vol. ii. This disposes of the 
difficulties presented by the earlier date, which seemed to show that his 
admission to the Painters' Guild and his marriage were unusually belated. 

It was natural that his father Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp, himself a very 
capable painter, should have introduced his only son at an early age to the 
art which he practised. Whether Aelbert afterwards enjoyed the teaching 
of other masters, perhaps of his uncle Benjamin Cuyp or of Jan Van Goyen, 
or whether he spent his youth entirely in Dordrecht, there are no documents 
to show. But the second assumption is incorrect ; so at least one may 
conjecture with tolerable certainty from the views of places which occur 
in several of his pictures. He must, for example, have seen Arnheim, 
Nymwegen, and the country round Cleves. One might also infer from 
the landscapes of rivers with steep rocky banks, such as, for instance, are 
preserved at Berlin and Rotterdam, that Cuyp in his later years travelled 
up the Maas and the Rhine. Besides the influence of the father, which 
is noticeable in the early works of Aelbert Cuyp and especially in the 
arrangement and handling of the portraits, the landscapes of his first 
period show in so marked a degree the characteristic peculiarities of his 
older fellow-countryman Jan Van Goyen, that for a long time they were 
confused with Van Goyen's pictures. Yet most of them bear Cuyp's full 
signature. The theory that Cuyp in his early years only signed his 
pictures with the monogram A. C. is false, but has long led stylistic 
criticism astray. 

Cuyp was one of the few great artists whose works were prized by 
their own contemporaries, and who therefore had not to endure extreme 
poverty. He worked his way up to a highly respectable position in the 
society of his native town. He married in 1658 Cornelia Bosman,.widow 
of Mynheer Johan van de Corput. He became deacon of the Dutch 
Reformed community in 1660, "Holy Ghost master" of the pesthouse of 

VOL. II I B 



2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

the Groote Kerk in 1675-76, and a member of the high court ("hooge 
vierschaar") from 1680 to 1682. Cuyp died in 1691, and was buried on 
November 7 of that year in the Augustinian church at Dordrecht. 

Cuyp's social position and his good fortune in money matters probably 
gave rise to the legend that he only painted for love. The fact is that he 
was a painter by profession and painted for money. But his art was 
really influenced by his worldly circumstances, both for good and for ill. 
It was influenced for good in so far that the artist's inner self, his genuine 
and heartfelt delight in nature, and especially in the beauties of his native 
/-landscape and its denizens, could find full and undisturbed expression. 
( That emotion is clearly visible in his works, and makes the mature 
examples of which there is a very considerable number wholly excep- 
tional creations, full of purely artistic vigour and a profound love of natural 
beauty. ^ These qualities constitute a Dutch landscape, the like of which 
we should seek in vain among the works of other masters. Thus Cuyp 
is an important figure in the history of Dutch landscape-painting, although 
in its development he took an entirely independent line. 

On the other hand, Cuyp may often have been constrained by his 
distinguished friends to attack problems which from an artistic point of 
view can only be solved with extreme difficulty. In equestrian portraits, 
sporting and hunting scenes, and the like, we may see even to-day how 
the ablest painters often fail. Cuyp would not, or could not, decline such 
commissions, though he probably did not undertake them with any 
enthusiasm. This accounts for the quantity of fatiguing work which 
was imposed on the popular artist. He was often compelled to adopt a 
sketchy style, and for this reason a large number of his pictures do not 
even confirm his old reputation in the sale-room. These mediocre works 
represent the master's art in the most frequented galleries on the Continent. 
But in the collections that are less well known, in England and more 
recently in America also, Cuyp appears in a very different light. His 
golden landscapes, flooded with sunshine and full of air, there draw all 
eyes. The thick green pastures beside streams crowded with boats, under 
seemingly illimitable skies in which great clouds float in a peculiar way 
usually the dark body of the cloud is surrounded by sunlit edges, producing 
a very characteristic effect which we associate with Cuyp's name and the 
sturdy cattle, which are artistically grouped and yet most naturally rendered, 
bear witness to the beauty of the Dordrecht landscape, and the air and sun 
of Holland. Such themes rejoiced the painter's heart, and the pictures 
that he produced in these moods arouse in the sensitive observer similar 
feelings of joy and gratitude and delight in life. It may be noted, in 
passing, that Cuyp usually introduces cows of a warm brown colour into 
his landscapes a fact that influences their general tone. On Dutch 
pastures to-day the cattle are almost all black and white. 

Cuyp's artistic relations with Van Goyen have already been mentioned. 
Van Groyen's example must have very soon stimulated the younger man, 
who was at heart a landscape painter. The landscapes which Cuyp 
painted under Van Goyen's influence are yellowish in tone and curiously 
unattractive in their subjects, representing as they do the dunes and heaths 
of Holknd, with very slight relief, as a rule, in the shape of figures or 



vii AELBERT CUYP 3 

animals. But they give promise of the later artist, who was already 
succeeding in the effort to render the atmosphere, impregnated with 
moisture and irradiated with warm sunlight. It is easy to understand why 
the painting of figures and accessories attracted him more and more as an 
artist. His father had brought him up as a portrait-painter. He himself 
gradually extended his sphere of interests, and gave rein to his creative 
impulses. Men and animals, and especially cows, occupy more and more 
space on his canvases. His exact knowledge of the anatomy of the 

domestic animals around him, and his familiarity with their habits and 

many rapid sketches testify to the ardour of his studies enabled him to 
depict his beasts with unusual truth to life. These cows and oxen with 
their placid movements and their strong and simple contours contribute 
much to the peaceful and agreeable feeling induced by the treatment of the 
air and light. Then, again, the views of the Maas at Dordrecht, whether 
they represent a stately flotilla of gaily decorated boats in the summer 
sunshine or the crowds of skaters and sledge-parties in winter-time, must 
be counted among the most notable products of his brush. In front of 
these, the spectator forgets altogether the less sympathetic pictures that 
represent ladies and gentlemen riding or hunting, swimming their horses 
or exercising in the riding school, or, again, the pictures of cavalry 
skirmishes and sieges, the equestrian portraits, and also the few Biblical 
scenes. Less unpleasing on the whole than these are the still-life pieces 
or pictures of game and the like, of which the artist has made rich and 
tasteful colour-schemes. A few church interiors, too, render the play of 
light and the effect of atmosphere very skilfully. Even in his portraits 
Cuyp sometimes rises to the mastery shown in Rembrandt's early portraits 
witness his portrait of a man in the National Gallery. 

\ Cuyp's technique was at first somewhat dry, but speedily developed 
into a naturally fresh and flowing style. He often painted with extreme 
cleverness and ease, without being beguiled into mere artistic sleight of 
hand.\ Yet it cannot be denied that he was at times guilty of a certain 
looseness of handling and faults of drawing, especially in his proportions. 
His horses must, however, be excepted ; their remarkably small iieads 
were the signs of a special breed which is apparently no longer in favour. 
He made ample atonement for these deficiencies in the large number of 
his absolutely first-rate productions. The profound impression which 
these leave on the mind is not affected by the slighter pieces that he had 
to paint. His best works show the great artistic gifts, which express the 
simple, homely but profound nature of the artist and man who had an 
intense love for the homely beauties of his native soil. 

Only a few of Cuyp's works are dated. The earliest date, 1639, 
occurs in the landscape in the Besancon Museum. Apart from the group 
of similar landscapes distinguished by an uniform tone of straw-coloured 
yellow, few of the pictures can be arranged chronologically. Cuyp's 
mature landscapes glowing with sunlight probably date from 1650. 
There seems to be no pictures which, to judge from the costumes, can 
safely be dated later than 1670-75. It must be inferred either that Cuyp 
painted less in the last fifteen or twenty years of his life, or, what is less 
probable, that in his later works he painted the costumes worn in his 



4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

earlier years. The great bulk of his pictures were undoubtedly produced 
between 1640 and 1675. A few etchings and a large number of drawings 
testify to his skill in these branches of his art. 



PUPILS AND IMITATORS OF AELBERT CUYP 

Cuyp had no school in the true sense, such as Rembrandt, Frans 
Hals, or Gerard Dou founded. The only painter, who is regarded with 
more or less reason as his pupil, was 

BAREND VAN CALRAET (i649-after 1715), an unproductive Dordrecht 
artist of little talent. He painted interiors of cowhouses in the style of 
his master, and, later, Rhenish landscapes in the manner of H. Saftleven. 

When, almost a century after Cuyp's death, his pictures had won 
general esteem and his masterpieces were ranked with those of a 
Rembrandt, the individual character of his river landscapes, glowing 
with sunlight and enlivened with fine cattle, inspired the brothers Jacob 
(1756-1815) and Abraham (1733-1826) van Strij with a desire to imitate 
Cuyp. Their pictures, though at a first glance surprising and deceptive, 
were merely mechanical and uninspired pasticcios. They selected motives 
from different pictures by Cuyp and worked them up into new composi- 
tions, which had no relation to nature. They added nothing of their 
own, nor did they slavishly copy whole compositions. Their works, 
when painted, may have seemed very like the originals ; but in the 
course of time their pictures have been so much affected by chemical 
changes that they can now be detected at once by a peculiar cracking 
in the surface of the paint, and can scarcely be confused any longer with 
the works of Cuyp. It is assumed that these painters did not imitate 
Cuyp with any intention to defraud collectors, but that their signatures 
have been replaced by other hands with the forged signatures of Cuyp. 

In the nineteenth century the English painter T. SIDNEY COOPER 
(1803-1902) imitated Cuyp in externals throughout a long life, but with 
steadily diminishing success. 

In view of Cuyp's extraordinary versatility, it is not surprising that 
this or that painter should have found a special field in which he produced 
work very similar to that of Cuyp. But there is no reason to infer a 
direct connection between such painters and the master. 

Thus, for example, GIJSBERT D'HONDECOETER (1604-53) anc ^ 
GOVERT CAMPHUYSEN (about 1623-72) painted pictures of sitting hens, 
which in colour, lighting, and composition show a marked likeness to 
Cuyp's versions of the theme. Another painter, JOHANNES SPRUYT 
(1627-28-1671) shows in a recently discovered picture of "Ducks in the 
water among reeds," a notable affinity to similar pictures by Cuyp. 

As Aelbert Cuyp's pictures have always been valued more highly than 
those of his father Jacob Gerritsz (1594-1651-1652), and of his uncle 
Benjamin Cuyp (1612-52), enterprising forgers have been tempted to 
erase the Christian name, replacing it by the letter A, in the signatures 



vii AELBERT CUYP 5 

on the father's portraits and the uncle's Biblical scenes and coast scenes. 
Such forgeries cannot be justified by any deceptive similarity between 
Aelbert Cuyp's pictures and those of his father and uncle. 

In the case of two other artists, the still-life painter ALEXIS GOOSE- 
MANS (1627-89), and the portrait-painter ADAM CAMERARIUS (at work 
in 1644, died 1685), the accidental identity of their initials with those of 
Aelbert Cuyp has lead to fraudulent dealings of the same kind, though 
there was no reason to suppose that those painters had any connection as 
pupils with the master. 

With just as little reason, in the case of a whole series of other 
painters, pictures by them that are especially warm in tone, and that have 
often been covered with an unduly yellow varnish, are, without a shadow 
of justification, palmed off as works of Aelbert Cuyp. As examples may 
be cited: The church interiors of Hendrik van Vliet (1611-12-1675), 
Anthonis Delorme ( -1673), and Gerrit Houckgeest (about 1600- 
after 1653) ; the still-life pieces of Cornelis Lelienberg (before 1626- 
after 1672), Pieter van Noort (i592-after 1648), Pieter de Putter (about 
1600-59), and even of Jacob Gillig (about 1636 (?)-i7Oi); the cavalry 
fights of Cornelis Beelt (at work, 1650-60); the stable interiors, with a 
view through an open door of the great church at Dordrecht, by Hubert 
Ravesteyn (1638-91) ; the landscapes with cattle by Hendrik ten Oever 
( after 1705), Anthony van Borssum (1629-301677), and Hendrik 
Mommers (about 1623-93). With all these artists the similarity to 
Cuyp is only superficial and obviously accidental. What they have in 
common with him is clearly to be traced to a common source in the 
general taste of the time, rather than to any relation as between pupils 
and a master. 

Such a relation, however, may be assumed for a little group of painters 
of Rotterdam, which is near Dordrecht. LIEVE VERSCHUIER (about 
1630-86), HENDRIK DE MEYER (before i62O-before 1690), and JACOB 
DE GRUYTER (working about 1663-89), delighted in painting, besides 
other themes, views of rivers with shipping, which are warm in tone, and 
in which brick-red and yellow, the colours most often used by Cuyp, are 
the dominant notes. It may be noted that at the Rothan sale a picture 
of this type by H. de Meyer was sold under the name of Cuyp. Lieve 
Verschuier was the best painter of the group. He showed a thoroughly 
original talent in his treatment of slightly agitated waters. The two 
other painters were weaker men. 

LUDOLF DE JONGH (1616-97), was another Rotterdam painter, not 
without ability, whose pictures not seldom sail under Cuyp's flag. This 
artist in his portraits imitated the manner of Van der Heist, in his genre- 
pieces belonged to the Palamedes group, and in his hunting scenes 
endeavoured to render Cuyp's effects of sunlight. His peculiar method 
of composition, and the drawing of his horses and dogs, make it easy, 
however, to recognise his works. 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



TRANSLATOR'S NOTE 

In the references added to the entries in the Catalogue 
"Sm." = Smith, "Catalogue Raisonne," vol. v. (1834). 
"Sm. Suppl." = Smith, "Catalogue Raisonne"," Supplement (1842). 

In the entries 

" Hoet " = " Catalogus of Naamlyst van Schilderyen, meet derzelven 
pryzen Zedert een langen reeks van Jaaren zoo in Holland als op 
andere Plaatzen in het openbaar verkogt. Benevens een Verzame- 
ling van Lysten van Verscheyden nog in Wesen zynde Cabinetten 
uytgegeven door Gerard Hoet." Two volumes. [Covering sales 
from 1676 to 1752.] (The Hague, 1752.) 

"Terw." = The continuation of Hoet's work in a third volume, covering 
sales from 1752 to 1768, and describing the Royal collection at The 
Hague, by Pieter Terwesten. (The Hague, 1770.) 

"Parthey " = "Deutscher Bildersaal. Verzcichnis der in Deutschland 
vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Malcr aller Schulen." In alpha- 
betischer Folge zusammengestellt von Gustav Parthey. (Berlin, 
1863-64.) 

A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE CONTENTS 

I. RELIGIOUS SUBJECTS, 1-15. 

A. Old Testament, 1-3. 

B. New Testament, 4-12*, 431. 

C. Saints and Hermits, 13-15. 

II. MYTHOLOGY, ALLEGORY, PROVERBS, 16-21*7. 

III. HISTORICAL SCENES, 22-36^. 

A. Sieges, 22-27. 

B. Landings, Receptions of Princes, 28-36^. 

IV. GENRE-PIECES, 37-68. 

A. Trades and Occupations, 37-56. 

1. Merchant, 37. 

2. Vintner, 38. 

3. Cattle-dealer, 39-39^. 

4. Horse-dealer, 40-40^. 

5. Fishing, Fish-market, 41-45^. 

6. Egg-dealer, 46-48. 

7. Butcher's shop, 49. 

8. Smithy, 50-50*3. 

9. Knife-grinder, 51. 

10. Woman in kitchen, 52-56. 

B. Scenes with soldiers, 57-62^. [Compare also III. A.] 

C. Country scenes, 63-65^. 

1. Hay-making, 63-64*. 

2. Rustic merry-making, 65-65^. 

D. Miscellaneous genre-pieces, 66-68. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 7 

V. PORTRAITS, 69-162*7. 

A. Subjects identified, 69-96. 

1. Cuyp with his family, 69-69*7. 

2. Cuyp alone, 70-78. 

3. Cuyp's wife, 79. 

4. Cuyp's mother, 80. 

5. Other families who are identified, 81-84. 

6. Men, singly, who are identified, 85-93. 

7. Children, 94-96. 

B. Subjects not identified, 97-162*7. 

1. Families, 97-98^. 

2. Lady and gentleman, 99-100. 

3. Men singly, 101-126. 

4. Youths or boys singly, 127-133. 

5. Women singly, 134-142/1 

6. Girls singly, 143-1 56^. 

7. Children singly, without distinction of sex, !57-i57,g'. 

8. Children in groups, 158-162. 

9. Undescribed, 162*7. 

VI. LANDSCAPES, 163-743*?. 

A. Views that are identified, 162-178. 

B. Landscapes with cattle at pasture, and the like, 179-419^. 

1. Cattle at pasture, with or without herdsman, 179-315. 

2. Cattle at pasture, near a castle or ruin, 316-321. [Compare 

also VI. A.] 

3. Cattle at pasture, with a herdsman fishing, 322-327. 

4. Cattle at pasture, with a herdsman gathering flowers, 328. 

5. Cattle at pasture, with herdsmen playing music, 329-336*?. 

6. Cattle at pasture, with herdsmen drawing water, 337-340. 

7. Cattle at pasture, with a sleeping herdsman, 341-347*7. 

8. Cattle and horses grazing, 348-361. 

9. Milking scenes, 362-387;. 

10. Cows watering, 388-405. 

11. Cattle being led or driven, 406-419^. 

a. On the road, 406-412. 

b. In a defile, 413-414. 

f. Over a bridge, ^.i^-^i^d. 

C. Scenes with horsemen, 420-614. 

1. Horsemen, travellers on foot, and herdsmen with cattle, 

420-462*-. 

2. Travellers, peasants going to market, 463-472. 

3. Horsemen and beggars, 473-474. 

4. A cavalier on horseback, 47 5-48 3^. 

5. Several cavaliers on horseback, 484-499^. 

6. A man and a woman on horseback, or a woman alone, 

500-503*7. 

7. Horsemen resting, usually in front of an inn, 504-541^. 

8. Horses without riders, saddled or not, 542-589. 

9. Horses watering, or swimming a ford, 590-601. 
10. Riding school, 602-614. 

D. Hunting scenes, 615-628. 

I. Starting for the hunt, 615-621^. 



8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

2. Hunting, 621 r-6 24;'. 

a. Coursing hares, 621^-622. 

b. Hawking, 622/7-623/7. 

c. Fowling, 623^. 

d. Undescribed scenes, 624-624;'. 

3. Sportsmen resting, 625-627*-. 

4. Returning from the hunt, 628. 

E. River scenes and sea-pieces with shipping, and so forth, 629-678^. 

[Compare also III. B.] 

F. Coast scenes, 679-680^. 

G. Landscapes with few accessories (mostly early works), or un- 

described, 681-718*. 
H. Moonlight landscapes, 719-730. 
I. Winter scenes, 731-743/7. 
VII. CHURCH INTERIORS, 744-751. 
VIII. STABLE INTERIORS, 752-790^. 

A. Cowhouse, 752-768^. 

1. Cows, 752-763/7. 

2. Sheep, 764-768^. 

3. Pigs, 768r. 

B. Stable for horses, 769-790^. 
IX. VARIOUS ANIMALS, jqi-Szod. 

X. STUDIES OF ANIMALS, 821-822/7. 
XI. STILL-LIFE, 823-842*. 

A. Breakfast-table, 82 3-8 2 3^. 

B. Fruit, 824-838. 

C. Game, 839-839^. 

D. Fish, 840-840/7*. 

E. Vanity, 841-841*. 

F. Undescribed, 842-842*. 

CATALOGUE RAISONNE 

i. DAVID AND ABIGAIL. Portrait-group of a family. In the 
right foreground stands Abigail with three women, the asses laden with 
presents and their drivers. Opposite her, on the left, behind a balustrade 
stands David with a turban on his head, facing the spectator ; he holds a 
lance in his left hand and rests his right hand on his hip. Behind him, to 
the left, are his armed followers. In all there are eight portraits. In the 
background is a hilly landscape. A picture similar in composition is in 
the Buda-Pest Museum (98). 

Canvas, 64 inches by 84 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Exhibited by Rupprecht, Munich, 1889, No. 39. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 1597 (168, C. S. Butler). 

In the possession of the Paris dealer, F. Kleinberger. 

In the collection of the Countess Vilma Festetits, Buda-Pest, from whom 
H6ch bought it. 

Sale. H. Th. Hoch, Munich, September 19, 1892, No. 50. 

Now in the collection of Hans von der Muhll, Basel. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 9 

2. BATHSHEBA BATHING. Bathsheba, who turns to the 
right, is bathing in a bath placed on the right in front of a fountain, which 
is adorned above with a Cupid riding on a dolphin. Her blue cloak hangs 
over a pedestal near a golden vase. In the background to the left David 
appears on his palace-tower, which has been suggested by the Dordrecht 
church steeple. The foliage is brown. 

Signed in the centre ; panel, i8| inches by 29 inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer, Rutley, 1 899. 

Sale, Madame E. Warneck, Paris, May 10, 1905, No. 31 (2250 francs, 

Kleinbcrger). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer, F. Kleinberger. 

3. The Prophet Elijah and the Widow of Sarepta. In the 

background is the town, with some cows. It is of the master's best 
period. 

Canvas, 56 inches by 68 inches. 

Sale. P. Bout, The Hague, April 20, 1779, No. 15 (12 florins 5). 

4. John the Baptist as a Shepherd. The young shepherd, wear- 
ing a yellow tunic, is keeping sheep. The picture recalls in some ways 
the ..work of Paulus Potter. 

Panel, 18 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Schamp d'Aveschoot, Ghent, September 14, 1840, No. 23. 

5. THE ANGELS APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

Sm. 236, and Suppl. 7. To the right are grouped three shepherds with a 
large flock of sheep. In the foreground are cows, two of them brown, 
one of them white and brown, and one black. An angel descends in a 
flood of light from the sky. This picture shows very strongly the 
influence of the painter's uncle, Benjamin Cuyp. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 2o| inches 
by i6| inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1831. 

Sales. Sir Simon Clarke, Bart., London, May 8, 1840 (95 : iis.) 

Massey-Mainwaring, London, April 10, 1907, No. 507. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer, F. Kleinberger. 

$a. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. In a fine land- 
scape. 

1 8 inches by 27 inches. 

In regard to this and the following pictures of the same subject the author- 
ship of Aelbert Cuyp cannot be safely assumed. It is more likely that they 
were painted by Benjamin Cuyp, who counted this among his favourite 
themes. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 12, 1768 (Terw. 679), No. 22 (20 florins 10). 

5^. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. 

33 inches by 47 inches. 

Possibly identical with the picture described by Parthey (i. 720) as in the 
Sierstorpff collection, Driburg, and as the work of A. Cuyp, whereas it is by 
B. Cuyp ; it measures 35^ inches by 49^ inches. 



io AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sale. A. and S. de Groot, The Hague, March 20, 1771, No. 115 (15 
florins io). 

5<r. The Angels appearing 1 to the Shepherds. [See note to $a. ] 

34! inches by 43 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 24, 1815, No. 15 (50 florins, Vinkelcs). 

$d. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. [See note to 50.] 
The angel appears in a bright radiance, thus producing a good effect of 

light. 

Panel, 35^ inches by 44^ inches. 

Sale. P. M. Kesler, C. Apostool, and others, Amsterdam, May 13, 1844, 
No. 23 (100 florins, Roos). 

$e. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. [See note to 50. ] 
At the foot of a hill in a hilly landscape is a shepherd with his family, 
surrounded by his flocks. They look at the heavenly light breaking 
forth from dark clouds. The colour is fresh. 

Panel, 24! inches by 33^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 23, 1850, No. 6. 

5/ The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. [See note to 5*7.] 

Sale. Bryant, London, 1865 (90, bought in). 

5^. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. Uncertain. The 
attribution is very doubtful. 

Signed Cuyp ; canvas, 51$ inches by 65 inches. 

Formerly in a private collection at Soder, sold in 1859 (Parthey, i. 724, 
and ii. 863). 

A picture of this subject by B. Cuyp, measuring 53 inches by 68 inches, is 
in the Hanover Museum. 

5 A. The Angels appearing to the Shepherds. [See note to 5*.] 
Panel, 36 inches by 46 inches. 

Sale. London, March 31, 1906, No. 113. 

6. The Adoration of the Shepherds. In grisaille. The attribu- 
tion to A. Cuyp doubtful. 

Panel, 35 inches by 46 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 27, 1874, No. 20. 

6a. The Adoration of the Magi. By one of the Cuyps. [Possibly 
identical with 7.] 

Sale. Gabriel de la Faille and Adriana van der Kaa, The Hague, 
October 5, 1746, No. 45. 

7. The Adoration of the Magi. Probably by Benjamin Cuyp. 
[Compare 6a.] 

Panel, 39 inches by 55 inches. 

Sale. Coenraad van Heemskerck, The Hague, October 7, 1765 (Terw., 
495), No. 9 (40 florins). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 11 

8. The Flight into Egypt. 
1 8 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Romilly, London, 1878 (304 : IDS., Colnaghi). 

9. CHRIST ENTERING JERUSALEM. In the centre 
Christ, wearing a purple robe, rides to the right upon a she-ass, which is 
covered with a red cloth. In the road, before and behind Him, a crowd 
of people are casting down their garments and strewing palms. On the 
left some men have climbed trees to get a better view. In the back- 
ground, to the right, on a hill, rise the towers of Jerusalem, whither the 
people are going in a long train. The picture has been a little over- 
cleaned. It is interesting but not attractive. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 28 inches 
by 36 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 286), and C. Hofstede de Groot, Oud 
Holland, xi. 138. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, 
No. 95. 

In the collection of Archibald M'Lellan, Glasgow, purchased by the Town 
Council, May 1856. 

Now in the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 254. 

9/7. The Conversion of Saul. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 24, 1763, No. 62 (2 florins, De Winter). 

10. The Conversion of Saul. See Sm. 35. A rich composition, 
finely painted, full of fire and striking effect. Probably by Benjamin 
Cuyp. 

Panel, 27^ inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 101 (325 florins, Keelman). 

lOrf. The Conversion of Saul. Doubtful whether by Aelbert 
Cuyp. 

Sale.D. M'Intosh, London, 1857 (8 1 : i8s., Wellesley). 

io. The Conversion of Saul. Sm. 35. Numerous figures and 
horses are thrown into confusion by the appearance of a bright light 
streaming from the heavens. Saul, dressed in scarlet, lies prostrate near 
the centre. His dapple-grey horse, with a blue saddle, bounds forward 
with fright. The soldiers around Saul are either lying down or running 
away ; one holds a spear and presses his disengaged hand to his head. 
In the foreground are wild plants ; in the background is a* castle on a 
hill. 

Signed to the right on a stone, A. Cuyp; canvas, 31^ inches by 
43 inches. 

From the subject and description the picture would appear to be by 
Benjamin Cuyp. His "Conversion of Saul," measuring 32 inches by 42 inches, 
is in the St. Petersburg Academy, No. 510. A second picture of similar size, 
on panel, was in the Blanken sale, The Hague, June 4, 1800. 

Sales. D. Pompe van Meerdervoort and Jan van Huysuni, Amsterdam, 
October 14, 1749 (Hoet, ii. 269), No. 15 (13 florins). 



12 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

A. and S. de Groot, The Hague, March 20, 1771 (21 florins, 

Zion). 

London, 1807 (304 : ios., Gosforth). 
T. Emmerson, London, 1829 (155 : 8s.). 
H. de Kat, Paris, May 2, 1866, No. 16 (1330 francs). 

11. PHILIP BAPTISING THE EUNUCH. Strongly in- 
fluenced by Van Vliet's etching. 

In the collection of Baron Gustave de Rothschild, Paris. 

i la. Philip baptising the Eunuch. 

Signed A. Cujp ; canvas, 48 inches by 60 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 26, 1827, No. 14 (71 florins, Gruyter). 

12. Philip Baptising the Eunuch. Sm. 36. A hilly landscape 
under a splendid sunset. The eunuch in rich Oriental costume kneels on 
the edge of a stream, to be baptised by Philip. He is attended by several 
slaves. Two of them are on horseback behind the carriage, which is 
drawn by two white horses and shaded by a large canopy. On the 
opposite side the view extends over an open country, bounded by 
mountains. 

Canvas, 43 inches by 64 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 411) and by Ch. Blanc, Le Trctor de la 
Curio site, ii. 108. 

Sales. Comte de Vismes (Sm.) or Page (Blanc), Paris, 1786 (6500 francs). 
Le Bas Courmont, Paris, 1794 (40,800 assignats). 
Duke of Buckingham, London, 1848 (1543 IOS M T. B. Brown). 
In the collection of Sir Hugh Hume Campbell, Marchmont House, 
London, 1857. 

i2a. Philip baptising the Eunuch. 

Sale. Bryant, London, 1865 (77 145., bought in). 

13. St Sebastian. With many accessories. [Pendant to a 
"Mercury" (16).] 

Copper. 

This picture and a " Mercury " were on the inner sides of the doors of an 
ebony casket inlaid with tortoise-shell. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 83. 

14. A Hermit writing in his Cell. 

Canvas, 9 inches by 7 inches. 

In the Palace, Hanover, 1863 (Parthey, i. 720). 

15. A Hermit in a River Landscape with Ruins. 

Panel, 22 inches by 31 inches. 

Sales. Lady Page Turner and others, London, February 21, 1903, No. 82. 
London, March 31, 1906, No. 89. 

1 6. Mercury. Standing on a globe, with many figures at the back. 
[Pendant to a "St. Sebastian" (16).] 

Copper. See note to 13 



vii AELBERT CUYP 13 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 83. 

1 7. Mercury and Juno. In the foreground of a hilly landscape a 
herd of cattle are reposing. On the right Juno, beside her chariot drawn 
by peacocks, listens to Mercury's message. 

Panel, 28 inches by 37 inches. 

Sale. Wasimski and others, Frankfort-on-Main, May 20, 1901, No. 35. 

18. ORPHEUS CHARMING THE BEASTS. Orpheus, 

dressed in a green costume and red cloak, sits on a hill to the right. To 
the left is a level plain with the Huis te Merwede in the distance. 
To the right is a clump of trees. It is an early work. Cuyp's authorship 
can be recognised in the treatment of the trees, the distance, the ground, 
the sky, and some animals, although the picture is badly hung and catalogued 
as "unknown." 

Panel, 15^ inches by 21 inches. 

In the Amalienstift, Dessau, 1877 catalogue, No. 267. 

19. ORPHEUS CHARMING THE BEASTS. Sm. 196. 
Orpheus, almost life-size, dressed in antique garb and wearing a laurel 
wreath, sits under a tree, playing a fiddle. He is surrounded by many 
beasts. To the right are a cow and a horse. To the left, near a stream 
with steep banks, are an elephant, camel, stag, two leopards, unicorn, 
ostrich, and others. A work of the master's maturity. 

Signed in the full in the centre ; canvas, 46 inches by 69 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 480). 

Exhibited at Glasgow, 1884. 

Sales. J. van Nispen, The Hague, September 12, 1768 (Terw. 670), 

No. 5 (171 florins). 

Hendrich Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 38. 
In the collection of the Marquess of Bute, London, Richter's 1884 catalogue, 
No. 37 ; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

20. The Blind leading the Blind. 
Round panel, 27 inches in circumference. 

Sale. F. Yeats Edwards and others, London, July 13, 1903, No. 4. 

21. The Four Seasons. Four female figures. 
Panel, 36 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. London, May 19, 1904, No. 93. 
21 a. True Love. 

Sale. Brussels, August I, 1842, No. 21. 

22. SIEGE OF A FORTRESS. In the foreground to the right 
four cavaliers with a boy on a pony ride past a clump of trees on the bank 
of a stream which is seen to the left in the middle distance. On the left 
are four men carrying a burden on poles, with many small figures behind 
them. On the farther bank of the stream are a church and a fortress, 
from the walls of which cannon are being fired. The genuineness of the 
picture is wrongly questioned in the catalogue. 



i 4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the monogram A. C. ; 
panel, 14 inches by 18^ inches. 

In the collection of Dr. August Fischer, Breslau. 

Now in the Breslau Museum, Fischer bequest, No. 338. 

23. PRINCE FREDERICK HENRY AT THE SIEGE OF 
BREDA (1637). In the background to the left are the town buildings 
with the church tower. In the right foreground, the Prince trots forward 
on a cream-coloured horse, followed at some distance by two officers on 
horseback. In the middle distance to the left are numerous figures near 
some tents. In front of these to the right four men carry a litter on their 
shoulders ; these figures appear to be later additions. On the road to the 
right a peasant with a stick stands to watch the officers. The siege of 
Breda took place when Cuyp was seventeen. As this picture appears to 
belong to his mature period, it was painted from memory, or else it was 
an imaginative composition. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp f. ; panel 14^ inches 
by 20 inches. 

An exact replica, of somewhat smaller size, is in the collection of the 
Earl of Northbrook (24). 

Sales. Brussels, September 16, 1814. 

Vicomte de Buisseret, Brussels, April 29, 1891, No. 25. 
Huybrechts, Antwerp, May 12, 1902, No. 75 (10,600 francs, Hallijn 

for the Queen of Holland). 
Now in the collection of the Queen of Holland, The Hague. 

24. PRINCE FREDERICK HENRY AT THE SIEGE OF 
BREDA. Sm. 265. The same composition as 23. "A clever picture 
of the master " (Sm.). 

Signed on the left ; panel, 12^ inches by i6 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 187). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1872, No. 162 ; 1889, 
No. 73, and 1903, No. 76. 

Sales. (Possibly) Casp. van Citters, Rotterdam, July I, 1811, No. 7. 

Charles Brind, London, May 10, 1849; it belonged to him in 
1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Thomas Baring, London, who lent it for exhibition in 
1872. 

In the collection of the Earl of Northbrook, London, 1889 catalogue, 
No. 45. 

25. PRINCE FREDERICK HENRY AT THE SIEGE OF 
BREDA. Sm. 145 and Suppl. 24. The composition is almost identical 
with 23 and 24. But here the Prince rides a darker horse. Again, 
there is one flag on the front tent, and another on the third tent, whereas 
in the other pictures both flags are on the front tent j and this tent also 
bears a garland on a cross-bar, which is wanting in the other pictures. 
[Pendant to 523.] 

Panel, 12 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Marquess of Bute, London, 1822 (63). 

In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 15 

26. PRINCE FREDERICK HENRY AT HEUSDEN. 

Sm. Suppl. 22. The Prince stands in the centre foreground, facing the 
spectator, with his hands resting on his stafF. He listens to the report of 
an officer, seen in profile to the right, who faces him on the left ; the 
officer is bare-headed and wears a cuirass over a buff jerkin. On the right, 
farther back, in front of tall trees, are a despatch-rider and a trumpeter, 
both mounted ; beyond them are two men in black. A sentinel with a 
lance is posted at the door of a building, only part of which is visible. 
Soldiers are busily employed in the centre and the left of the middle 
distance. Two on the left converse with a girl ; another sits near the 
cannon, protected by entrenchments, which are trained on the houses and 
church of Heusden seen in the distance. A dog lies near this soldier ; 
another in the left foreground looks back at the first dog. It is a genuine 
work, although the style is unusual, and it is well preserved. " Painted in 
in the artist's finished manner " (Sm.). 
Panel, 19^ inches by 23^ inches. 

Probably identical with Sm. Suppl. 22, which was on canvas, measuring 
23 inches by 23 inches. Sm. identified it with Sm. 30 (27). But the pictures 
differ too widely in size. Moreover, his description agrees exactly with that 
of the Amsterdam sale catalogue of April 26, 1904, and the size is nearly 
the same. 

Mentioned by G. Gltick in his work on the Tritsch collection, 1907. 

Sold by Messrs. Smith to Netscher, before 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 26, 1904, No. 1092. 

In the collection of Alexander Tritsch, Vienna. 

27. Siege of a Town. Sm. 30. In the foreground an officer con- 
verses with his commander. Behind them are two officers with a 
trumpeter and an officer on horseback. Soldiers and others are scattered 
in the middle distance and background, near some tents. 

Panel, 18 inches by 42 inches (Sm. gives it as 16 inches by 24 inches). 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
94 (405 florins, Delfos). 

28. THE MAAS AT DORDRECHT WITH A FERRY- 
BOAT. Sm. 98. On the left numerous vessels lie in a long line at the 
quay. Among them is a broad Dutch ferry-boat, full of people. Alongside 
of it lies a small boat, in which is seated an officer in a scarlet uniform, with 
another man with dark clothes standing behind him. A yacht and 
several other boats are in the river. It is a fine summer evening. This 
is one of Cupy's masterpieces. " Of the very few pictures painted by 
Cuyp of this size and subject, the one just described is, perhaps, the most 
agreeable to the eye and feelings ; as it possesses an agreeable warmth of 
tone, combined with the appearance of a genial atmosphere, free from 
that sultry and oppressive heat which sometimes predominates in his 
pictures." (Sm.). 

Canvas, 46 inches by 66| inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 316). 

A copy from the collection of Mr. Guy Sebright was in the Royal Academy 
Winter Exhibition, 1907, No. 57 ; this was on canvas, measuring 43 inches by 



16 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

65 inches, and was probably the picture shown by Matthew Anderson at Leeds, 
1868, No. 898, and there wrongly identified with Sm. 98. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1815. 

Imported into England by Alexis de la Hante and bought from him (for 
1300) by Sir Abraham Hume, Bart., who owned it in 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Earl Brownlow, Ashridge Park. 

29. SHIPS ON A PLACID RIVER. On the left is a landing- 
place in front of an inn shaded by great trees. Numerous persons are 
embarking in boats. In a fishing-boat in the foreground, a man is 
mending his nets ; two other men in a little boat are setting their nets. 
On the right are several ships, one of which is firing a salute. This is 
one of the master's best works, in the style of the late Baron Ferdinand 
von Rothschild's picture (36), if not quite so sunny. 

Canvas, 32^ inches by 59 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1889, No. 79. 

In the collection of the Earl of Wemyss, Gosford House. 

30. A PRINCE LANDING AT NYMWEGEN. Sm. 12. 
In the left foreground on the placid stream is a sailing-boat, seen almost 
end on ; it is crowded with people. A boat is being rowed from the 
centre towards the right ; in it are a prince and his suite, with trumpeters. 
Behind it to the right a stately fleet lies along the shore. At the back 
are seen the houses and church tower of Nymwegen. It is a sunny 
evening. This is one of Cuyp's masterpieces. 

Canvas, 45 1 inches by 66 inches. [Pendant to 36.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 48). 

Engraved by J. Fittlcr, and in the "Stafford Gallery," No. 37. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 

69 (1785 florins, Delfos) ; it was in this collection in 1752 

(Hoct, ii. 490). 

In the collection of Lord Francis Egerton, 1834 (Sm,). 
In the collection of the Earl of Ellcsmcre, Bridgewater House, London, 
No. 216. 

31. A LAN DING -PARTY: ON THE MAAS (Or, View 
near Dordrecht). Sm. 216. By the bank to the right lie some fishing- 
boats with their sails up. In front of these are two boats, one of them 
carrying two sailors. In the foreground to the left a broad row-boat, 
seen in a foreshortened view, is approaching ; it carries eleven persons, 
some of them men of distinguished appearance. On this side the river is 
seen in long perspective ; its bank is fringed with low bushes and reeds. 
In the distance are numerous vessels, some of which are firing a salute. 
The effect is that of early morning in summer. A "superlative pro- 
duction," the " great charm " of which consists in its " illusion of 
salubrious warmth and serenity " (Sm.). 

Panel, 28 inches by 35^ inches. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 187). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1871, No. 209, and 
1889, No. 8 1. 

Sales. J. Goll van Franckenstein, Amsterdam, July I, 1833, No. 14 
(10,200 florins, Brondgeest for Verstollc). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 17 

In the collection of Baron Verstolk van Soelen, The Hague, acquired as a 
whole in 1846 by T. Baring, H. Mildmay, and Lord Overstone. 

In the collection of T. Baring, London. 

In the collection of the Earl of Northbrook, London, 1889 catalogue, 
No. 44. 

32. VIEW ON THE MAAS AT DORDRECHT. Sm. 224. 
It is a fine autumn evening. In the left foreground is the Rotterdam 
boat, crowded with passengers. Some of the sails are hoisted, and a man 
on deck is beating a drum as a signal for departure. A small boat carrying 
five persons lies alongside ; one of them, from his dress, appears to be a 
man of rank. On the right are two other boats, filled with people. In 
the distance to the right is the town of Dordrecht. 

Canvas, 43 inches by 59^ inches. 

In the collection of Abraham Robarts, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

33. VIEW ON THE MAAS : AT EVENING. On the left 
is a large sailing-barge, full of soldiers. An officer embarks on her from 
a small rowing-boat. On the right are two other boats carrying 
numerous persons, and, farther back, are more sailing-barges, one of 
which is at anchor. To the right are seen buildings and a church, 
apparently at Nymwegen. The effect is that of a bright evening. The 
picture has perhaps lost some of its pristine beauty and freshness. It is 
akin to the pictures at Waddesdon (36) and Bridgewater House (30). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 42 inches by 59 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. i 59). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibitions, 1877, No. 137; 
1891, No. 59 ; and 1903, No. 92. 

In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

34. ON THE MAAS AT DORDRECHT. Sm. 200.- 
Dordrecht lies in the right background. In front of the town a boat, 
carrying five persons and sacks of goods, is going towards the left. 
A large sailing ferry-boat is on the left ; it carries many passengers, among 
whom is a man beating a drum. Alongside, to the right, is a rowing- 
boat with four men. In the middle distance are two ships in full sail, 
and other craft are visible beyond them. It is early morning. The 
picture appears to have been somewhat over-cleaned. 

Canvas, 39 inches by 53 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 89). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 138. 

35. A LANDING-PARTY : ON A RIVER. Apparently a 
person of high rank is landing from a boat. Salutes are being fired. A 
very fine picture. 

Signed on one of the boats. 

In the collection of Leigh Pemberton, Torry Hill, Sittingbourne. 

36. A LANDING -PARTY: ON THE MAAS AT DOR- 
DRECHT. Sm. 13. A number of ships filled with people lie at the 

VOL. II C 



!8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

quay to the left. In the right foreground is a ferry-boat, alongside of 
which is a rowing-boat with two officers ; another boat, carrying some 
commanding officers and three trumpeters, comes past. In the back- 
ground is Dordrecht. It is a fine summer evening. " Both this and 
the preceeding (30) are glorious examples of art and of inestimable 
value " (Sm.). [Pendant to 30.] 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 45^ inches by 66 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
70 (1825 florins, Reus). 

In the collection of Six van Hillegora, Amsterdam, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

360. Prince Frederick Henry with the Dutch Fleet off 
Dordrecht. 

14 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Hendrick van dcr Vugt, Amsterdam, April 27, 1745 (Hoet, ii. 1 60), 
No. 54 (13 florins 15). 

36^. A Man of Rank embarking. Sm. Suppl. 44. On the Maas 
at Dordrecht ; the church and part of the town are seen in the distance. 
It is a fine summer afternoon. A man of rank, attended by several 
gentlemen and three trumpeters, is being rowed, from right to left, 
towards a ferry-boat, alongside of which is a rowing-boat. On the ferry- 
boat is a drummer. Numerous transports lie off the shore, beyond the 
town. 

Panel, 16 inches by 23 inches. 

In the possession of Chaplin, shortly before 1842 (Sm.). 

36*:. An Embarkation. 
Panel, 15 inches by 23 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1872, 
No. 199. 

In the collection of the Duke of Bucclcuch, 1872. 

37. A Dutch Merchant having his Wares unpacked. Sm. 256. 
A Dutch merchant, followed by three dogs, superintends the unpacking 
of his wares on the river-bank. He speaks to a man holding a basket on 
a case. Another man bends over another case, to unpack it. There are 
brambles and docks in the foreground, which is in shadow ; one dog is 
lapping in a pool. The two standing figures are relieved against the 
clear sky and the water, which is dotted with numerous boats. Beyond 
is seen a village. 

24 inches by 39^ inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Trisors a' Art en Angleterre, p. 270. 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 717. 

In the collection of Edward Lloyd, Manchester, 1834 (Sm.) and 1857. 

38. A. WINE-MERCHANT'S SIGN. Painted on both sides. 
On one side, two merchants are conversing near a harbour, while a man 



vii AELBERT CUYP I9 

repairs a cask ; on the other side, two men are tasting wine in a cellar. 
It is painted in a loose and sketchy style, but the colouring is delicate. 

Signed on a cask in a cellar, " Cuyp "; copper, 18 inches by 2o 
inches. 

Bought in Paris, 1888. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 749. 

39. A Cattle-Dealer (or, A Farrier). Sm. 31. A peasant stands 
talking with a cattle-dealer, who holds by a cord an ox of a reddish-brown 
colour with white patches. Near them are a large tub and some mussel- 
shells. A fine picture. Sm. thought it an early work. 

Panel, 13^ inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
95 (237 florins, Delfos). 

In the collection of M. van Loon, Amsterdam, 1834 (Sm.). 



. A Cattle-Market. With many oxen, and people buying and 
selling. 

Panel, 23 inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 20 (200 florins, 
Lamme). 

39/>. Cattle-Market in a Village. With many cattle and figures. 
Sale. Amsterdam, December 20, 1841, No. 10. 

40. A HORSE- FAIR. In the centre a trainer bestrides a grey 
horse which rears up with its head to the left. To the right, on the bank 
of a stream in which a boy is swimming, a man has dismounted to lead his 
horse into the water. His attendant, who is mounted and faces the 
spectator, lashes out with his whip at his master's horse to make it go on. 
On the extreme left, where a small portion of a building is visible, a man 
on a dark horse is trotting to the right, with a greyhound running in 
front of him. To the right of him is another rider. At the back, still 
farther right, yet another horseman is riding towards the left ; he has a 
little boy on the saddle behind him and turns his head. On a low hill 
behind this man, a peasant woman holding a pitcher in her left hand 
converses with two peasants who stand to the left, holding a young man. 
Behind the woman to the right is a horseman, partly concealed by the 
ground. On the left some peasants are resting under trees. In the 
extreme left foreground a dog lies near the hat and clothes of the boy who 
is bathing. [Compare 520. Similar in style to 605 and 614.] 

Signed in the left upper corner with the monogram j copper, 1 8 inches 
by 21 inches. 

Sale. RikofF, Paris, December 4, 1907, No. 3 (8800 francs, Guttman). 
In the Guttman collection, Paris. 

40.2. A Horse-Fair. 

Sale. E. Kilgour, London, 1859 (35 : los., Pearce). 

40^. The Horse-Dealers. A trainer rides a grey horse at a walking 
pace past two cavaliers who converse with him. A youth and a boy have 



20 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



dismounted from their chestnut horses. Near them are two dogs, one 
sitting up, the other lying down. In the background, to the right, a 
woman and a man, who is drinking, stand in front of a house near some 
trees. Along the edge of a stream to the left a dog runs beside his master, 
who bestrides a rearing horse. Farther away, two countrymen are walk- 
ing. In the middle distance are trees and bushes at the foot of high rocks 
which rise up bright against a dark sky full of rain-clouds. 

Signed with the monogram. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, March 9, 1 88 1, No, 248. 

41. A Fishing Scene. 

Mentioned by De Sonneville, p. 87. 
In the Fourche collection, Bordeaux. 

42. PORTRAIT OF A MAN OF THE DE ROOVERE 
FAMILY, DIRECTING SALMON -FISHERS. The scene is 
near Dordrecht. The man's name is known from the little coat-of-arms 
on his horse's forehead. He sits, facing three-quarters left, on a dark 
horse. He wears a bright red coat trimmed with gold lace and fur and a 
black hat with pink feathers, and carries a gold-hiked sword. He turns 
towards a fisherman who stands on his right holding up a salmon. At his 
feet are two salmon ; to the right is a spaniel. In the middle distance a 
stream flows diagonally across the picture. On the nearer bank a group 
of fishermen pull in their nets. On the right, near them, stands a man of 
rank, seen in profile to the left ; he wears a sword, and leans on his stick. 
A man comes running from the right, pulling a black horse along by the 
bridle. On the farther bank of the stream, a country-house stands in the 
centre with other buildings to right and left. Farther away are vessels, one 
of which is firing a gun. This is not an attractive work. The many 
parallel lines of the road, banks, canal, and so forth, as well as the big 
equestrian figure on the left, spoil the effect. But parts of it are good, 
such as the still-life group of fish ; the sunlight is not badly rendered. 

Signed in the left bottom corner, " A. Cuijp " j canvas, 49 inches by 
61 inches. 

Acquired in 1820 from O. Repelaer van Dricl, Dordrecht (l 100 florins). 
Now in the Royal Picture Gallery, The Hague, 1907 catalogue, No. 25. 

420. Fish-Dealers. On a sandy shore six persons are dealing in 
fish ; near them is a grey horse. A fine sky. 

Sale. H. Rereaux, Antwerp, January 2, 1810, No. 6. 

43. Fishermen. A view of the walls of the town of Amersfoort. 
In the immediate foreground are some fishermen in a boat; they hold up 
some of the fish they have caught. In the middle distance is a vessel 
gaily decorated with flags ; two men on her are drinking beer. In the 
distance figures are seen on a bridge and on the walls. 

Canvas, 57 inches by 72^ inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, May 16, 1877, No. 7. 

44. The Fish- Dealer. He wears a large brown hat. He carries 



vii AELBERT CUYP 21 

under his right arm a parcel of two pieces of salmon, and has five coins 
in his left hand. 

Signed in full ; 22 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. M. Vlierboom van Hoboken, Amsterdam, February 18, 1896, No. 87 
(200 florins). 

45. Salmon - Fishing. A young man holds up a salmon to a 
horseman. 

Signed, A. Cuyp j panel, 42 inches by 31^ inches. 

Sale. Waterpark and others, London, June 12, 1897, No. 1 11. 

45#. The Fish-Dealer. 
Panel, 20 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. De V., Brussels, March 13, 1901, No. 13. 

45^. The Fish-Market. On the banks of a river fishermen are 
selling their catch. Several vessels are in the stream. 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; canvas, 23^ inches 
by 27^ inches. 

Sale. Einsiedel and De Jauru, Berlin, November 5, 1901, No. ill. 

45<r. Fishermen selling their Catch. 

Panel, 19 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Duke of Marlborough, London, May 14, 1904, No. 83. 

46. The Egg-Dealer. In the foreground a young peasant has a 
basket of eggs on his arm and holds a cock in one hand. Near him are a 
girl carrying a jug, and a maid-servant, who leans over the half-door of a 
house and converses with the youth. 

Panel, 33 inches by 29 inches. 

Sales. Jac. Snels, Baron van Deneke, The Hague, July II, 1763 (Terw.) 

340), No. 29 (27 florins 5, H. Verschuuring). 
Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 41. 
J. Bergeon, The Hague, November 4, 1789, No. 8 (37 florins). 

47. A Young Peasant with a Goose under his Arm. The 

youth faces the spectator, and wears a broad-brimmed hat. He hold a 
goose under his left arm. In his right hand he holds a basket of eggs, 
inscribed " Mon oye faiet tout." 

Panel, 13^ inches by 10 inches. [Pendant to 48.] 

Exhibited at Amsterdam, 1867, No. 261. 

Sales. E. J. de Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, 

No. 26 (300 florins, with pendant, Lamme). 
H. de Kat of Dordrecht, Paris, May 2, 1866, No. 19. 
In the possession of the Amsterdam dealer, Gruyter. 

48. A Young Peasant Girl. Half-length. She wears a straw hat, 
and holds a basket of eggs and a cock. 

Panel, 13 inches by 10 inches. [Pendant to 47.] 



22 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sales. E. J. de Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, 

No. 27 (300 florins, with pendant, Larame). 
H. de Kat of Dordrecht, Paris, May 2, 1866, No. 20. 
Von Woyna and others, Bonn, March I, 1898, No. 47. 
Theobald Theobald and others, London, April 19, 1902, No. 109. 

49. A Butcher's Shop. In a butcher's shop the carcase of a fat ox 
is hung from a beam j near the open windows, in front of which are a 
table and a bench, lie the entrails, some malt, a pot, a knife, two bladders, 
and other accessories, with the flayed hide in the foreground. 

Panel, 16 inches by 17 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, August 8, 1804, No. 39 (10 florins). 

J. E. Grave and others, Amsterdam, May 5, 1806, No. 32. 

50. THE MAN EATING MUSSELS (or, The Interior of 
a Blacksmith's Shop). Sm. 178. In the right foreground, near the 
centre, of a smithy filled with implements, sits the blacksmith. He wears 
a yellow waistcoat, a leather apron, black breeches, and a black hat. In 
his right hand, which hangs down, he holds a knife ; with his left hand 
he raises a mussel to his mouth. On a cask in front of him are a half- 
filled glass of beer and a dish of mussels. Behind the cask, to the smith's 
right, is the head of a laughing girl. Farther away is a boy wearing a 
black hat, a long white collar, a brown waistcoat, and a green apron ; he 
rests his left hand on the cask and points with his right hand to the smith. 
To his right is a somewhat older girl, seen in profile to the left j she 
wears a grey cap trimmed with white, a white pinafore, and a purple 
skirt ; she holds in her right hand an apple which she is eating, and in her 
left hand, which hangs down, a beer-jug of green-and-white earthenware ; 
she looks with astonishment at the smith. On the extreme right in an 
open window, through which a gentleman holding a tall wine-glass looks 
in at the scene, to which another man traditionally identified as Aelbert 
Cuyp standing behind him laughingly calls his attention. On the left, 
behind the smith, are the forge and anvil on a block of stone. Farther 
away in the middle distance is a grindstone ; at the back is the smith's 
man with a hammer. In the right foreground, in front of the cask, are a 
dog, an overturned basket, and other things ; to the left are a jug, a cat, 
and a hen. The picture is not very attractive ; it belongs to the artist's 
mature period, not to the early period as the Rotterdam catalogue, 
following Sm., suggests. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner in white letters, "A Cuijp : 
fecit" ; canvas, 35 inches by 43^ inches. 

A somewhat smaller copy, on panel, measuring 20 inches by 30 inches and 
signed A. C., was in the possession of the Paris dealer, C. Sedelmeyer, 1898, 
" Catalogue of 300 Paintings," No. 6 ; it was described as genuine, and the 
various sales at which the original or the copy had appeared were noted to- 
gether. This copy was in the Van Loon collection, Amsterdam ; the sales, 
A. Febvre, Paris, April 15, 1882 (5250 francs) ; Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, 
March 24, 1883, No. 13 (2700 francs); F. Zschille, Cologne, May 27, 1889 
(2960 marks, Baron von de Heydt) ; it was sold by Sedelmeyer to C. D. Borden 
of New York. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 23 

A second copy, by A. Lamme, is in the Dordrecht Museum. 

Sm. appears to have compiled his description from the Borden copy, as he 
says the picture was on panel, measuring about 24 inches by 32 inches. He 
refers to another version in the collection of Charles Hanbury Tracey, and this 
was probably the original. No such picture occurred in the sale of Lormier, 
in whose possession Sm. says that it was formerly. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1829. 

In the collection of Charles Hanbury Tracey, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. Louis Viardot, Paris, April I, 1863, No. 5 (2850 francs, Rotterdam 
Museum). 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 59 (old No. 54). 

50*7. A Man eating Mussels. 
Panel, 20^ inches by i6| inches. 

Probably a copy of the Rotterdam picture (50). 
Sale. London, December 20, 1906, No. 132. 

51. The Knife-Grinder. He is trying the sharpness of a knife on 
his nail. 

Panel, 12^ inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 5. 

52. A WOMAN IN A KITCHEN. The woman wears a blue 
dress with white collar and cap. She stands at a dresser, on which is a 
shallow tub containing meat and entrails ; near it are some roots, a 
cabbage, and a large copper vessel with a red band. High up on the 
left hangs a red drapery ; this and the hearth are very typical of Cuyp. 
The floor is paved with dark and light tiles. The face of the woman 
seems to be a portrait. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp. 

In the possession of Hugh P. Lane, Dublin. 

53. Interior of a Rustic Dwelling. Sm. 116. In the right 
foreground a woman is picking out a red cabbage from among several 
bundles of onions. Near her are a pot of milk and other objects. 
Farther back are two cows, one of them lying down. An open door at 
the back shows a sunny landscape. 

Sale. Lebrun, Paris, April 15, 1811 (2600 francs). 

54. A Woman -Cook in an Interior. In the right foreground 
a young woman stands behind a cask, scouring a kettle. On a table 
behind her are some dead pigeons, two cabbages, and a basket of apples. 
On the floor are pots, copper kettles, and other kitchen utensils. The 
room is highly illumined from an open door to the left. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curiosite", ii. 516. 
Sales, London, 1848 (18,000 francs). 
Paris, 1856 (14,000 francs). 

54#. Interior of a Cottage. Casks and various vessels are grouped 
in the foreground. On the left are two boys near a pump. 
Signed A. C. ; panel, 17! inches by 20 inches. 



24 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1883, No. 252. 
In the collection of G. F. Wilbraham, 1883. 

55. Interior of a Cottage. On a wooden bench to the right are 
various vegetables ; on the floor are a full basket and cooking-pots ; near 
them lies the carcase of a pig, with a cock and a dog. A large opening 
in the wall leads to a sheep-pen. In the left foreground is a boy with 
a jug ; at the back is a milkmaid. A half-opened door gives a view of a 
town on the bank of a river with many boats on it. 

Panel, 19 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale, Brenken and others, Cologne, April I, 1886, No. 29. 

56. The Interior of a Stable. In a barn -like interior, full of 
cows, calves, hens, pigeons, and dogs, the carcase of a pig hangs on a 
ladder. By the open door to the left are a girl with a pail and two 
children. 

Signed with the monogram ; canvas, 24^ inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. F. R. von Berthold, C. G. Hartman, D. P. Ccpero, and others, 
Cologne, December 9, 1898, No. 41. 

57. A CAVALRY SKIRMISH IN A HILLY LAND- 
SCAPE. In the left foreground a galloping horseman fires his pistol 
at an adversary, who springs to the left but turns and aims his pistol at 
the first man. Behind them others are fighting. One lies dead in the 
centre foreground ; his left foot remains in the stirrup of his grey horse, 
which dashes away to the right. In front of this group is another 
horseman with drawn sword, who looks round while his horse has 
stumbled on its knees. In the middle distance and background are 
trees and hills, and on the right is a placid stream. 

The picture was once generally ascribed to S. van Douw, as in the 
Amsterdam catalogue of 1887 ; but this mediocre artist never painted a 
picture that came near in quality to this " Cavalry Skirmish." It has all 
the glowing colour of Cuyp, his characteristic types of horses and tree- 
drawing, and so forth. The signature was wrongly questioned in earlier 
editions of the Amsterdam catalogue. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, " A Cuvp " j panel, 20 inches 
by 26 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 98 (91 florins, Van Leen). 
From the National Museum, The Hague, 1808. 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 743. 

58. A CAMP BEFORE A TOWN. On an island in a lake 
to the right is a castle of red brick with corners of hewn stone. In the 
centre foreground is a waggon with two grey horses. To the left is a 
brown horse. There are numerous persons in light brown dress. The 
effect of light is good, and similar, though inferior, to the other picture in 
the same collection (341). An early work. 

In the collection of the Marquis d'Aoust, Paris. 

58*. A Fight in a Hilly Landscape. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 25 

Panel, 20 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Antony Sijdervelt, Amsterdam, April 23, 1766 (Terw. 527), No. 
104 (20 florins 15). 

59. Soldiers playing Cards in the Open. Among them are an 
officer and a drummer, with accessories. 

Panel, oval (?), 17^ inches by 17^ inches. 

Sale. J. A. van Kinschot, Delft, July 21, 1767 (Terw. 618), No. 126. 

59*. A Cavalry Fight. In the foreground of a hilly landscape 
cavalry troopers are fighting. There are other horsemen. 
Canvas, 52 inches by 70 inches. 

Sale. Lambert ten Kate, Amsterdam, May 29, 1776, No. 29 (25 florins, 
Wubbels). 

59*. A Fight between Cavalry and Infantry. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 6, 1810, No. 142. 

59<2#. A Cavalry Fight. In the foreground of a hilly landscape, 
on the outskirts of a wood, some troopers are fighting hotly. In the 
background numerous soldiers are on the march. [Compare 59^.] 

Canvas, 43 inches by 58^ inches. 

Sale. P. van den Santheuvel and J. van Stry, Dordrecht, April 24, 1816, 
No. 8. 

59^. Soldiers playing Cards in the Open. Farther back are 
soldiers in camp. An officer and an escort ascend a hill. 

Sale. Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, 1823 (388 : ios., Sir C. Scott). 

59<r. A Cavalry Fight in a Hilly Landscape. On the outskirts 
of a wood. In the background a troop of soldiers are marching up. 
[Compare 59**.] 

Canvas, 44 inches by 58 inches. 

Sale. H. A. van Bleiswijk, Rotterdam, July 23, 1827, No. 106 (700 
florins, Lamme). 

60. A Military Officer on a Black Horse. Near him is a dog, 
in a flat landscape. 

Panel, \i\ inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Stadnisky and Muller, Amsterdam, May 16, 1831, No. 23 (21 
florins, Engelberts). 

6 1. A Halberdier saluting an Officer. Sm. Suppl. 57. In a 
landscape an officer on a grey horse rides up from the right ; a soldier on 
the left presents his halbert. A warm evening. "An early production" 
(Sm.). 

Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

In the collection of Henry Bevan, London, 1842 (Sm.). 

6ia. The plundering of a Fortified Place. Soldiers on foot 
and on horseback are plundering. Many spectators look on. 



26 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Panel, 36 inches by 6o| inches. 

Sale. F. G. Baron van Lynden van Hemmen, and others, Amsterdam, 
November 10, 1846, No. 28 (39 florins 50, Roos). 



. An Attack by Robbers. [Possibly identical with 620.] 
Panel. 
Sale. Amsterdam, February 24, 1851, No. 66. 

6 ic. Soldiers playing Cards in a Cottage. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 38^ inches by 32^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 17, 1867, No. 142. 

(3 id. A Cavalry Fight. 

Signed ; panel, 34 inches by 47 J inches. 

Sale. Graf Cajetan Brunetti, Vienna, January 12, 1871, No. 23. 

62. A Cavalry Fight. Two hostile troops are engaged in a hand-to- 
hand fight on the edge of a wood. Swords glitter and pistol-shots are 
fired. In the foreground a man in a cuirass with a red sash gallops 
forward on a grey horse, and fires his pistol. Another man lies on 
the ground. In the plain to the left horsemen are galloping. Farther 
back a squadron is drawn up. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 14 inches by 
1 8 inches. 

Sale. D. Sellar of London, Paris, June 6, 1889, No. 13. 

620. The Attack. Near a hill overgrown with bushes some bandits 
attack three horsemen. Two of them take to flight while the third pulls 
up his horse in the foreground and waits. Their guide runs away. 
[Possibly identical with 6ib.] 

Panel, 19^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. St. Remy zur Biesen and others, Cologne, December 9, 1892, 
No. 37. 

62^. A Musketeer. He wears antique dress, with a yellow doublet 
and plumed hat, and carries an old musket on his shoulder. He stands in 
the Bloemmarkt at Amsterdam. A full length. By Cuyp, or in his 
manner. 

Panel, 26^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, December 20, 1841, No. 8. 

(Probably) London, March 18, 1898, No. 45. 

62*:. Cavalry with a Trumpeter. 

Panel. 

Sale. Oxenbridge, London, December 9, 1899, No. 27. 



A Camp Scene with numerous Figures. 
Panel. 
Sale. Oxenbridge, London, December 9, 1899, No. 29. 

62*. A General on a Grey Horse. With soldiers and peasants. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 27 

Canvas, 41 inches by 59 inches. 

Sale. S. Gist, London, December 3, 1904, No. 7. 

62/] A Camp Scene. Country people, horses, and a dog. 
Canvas, 30 inches by 39 inches. 

Sale. Chr. Bushell and others, London, March 17, 1906, No. 130. 



Men playing Cards. In a coast landscape with buildings. 
n inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. E. Schwabacher, London, May 7, 1906, No. 105. 

63. Hay Harvest. In a hilly landscape a man, woman, and child 
are resting. At one side are some cattle. In the background people are 
carrying hay. 

Panel, 9 inches by I2| inches. 

Sale. J. Caudri, Amsterdam, September 6, 1809, No. 1 1 (7 florins, 
Swanenburg). 

64. The Harvest Month. In the right foreground is a group of 
cattle. Farther back are some reapers. A church tower rises among 
trees in the distance. To the left are some houses, above which the 
moon rises. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 410 (58 : i6s., Meffre of Paris ("Art Sales") or Chippen- 
dale, according to the compiler's annotated sale catalogue). 



The Hay Harvest. In the centre of the landscape is a 
waggon with two horses, one dark, the other grey. Country people are 
loading the hay. To the right are a horseman and others. Farther back 
on a little hill is the farmer on his horse, with labourers. 

Signed in the right bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 20 inches by ^A f \ 
inches. 

Sale. Marquis de Salamanca, Paris, June 3, 1867, No. 82. 

65. PARADING THE GARLANDED OX (or, Le Mardi 
Gras). Sm. 154. On Ash Wednesday a great ox, adorned with garlands, 
is paraded by several persons, among whom is a man with a drum. An 
early and unattractive work of the master. 

Panel, about 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii.' 285). 

Sale. Duke of Bedford, London, June 30, 1827 (73 : los.). 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, London. 

65*. Peasants drinking. 

Sale. Izaak Hoogenbergh, Amsterdam, April 10, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 86), No. 
94 (i i florins). 

6$aa. A Peasant Scene. By one of the Cuyps. 

Sale. Gabriel de la Faille and Adriana van der Kaa, The Hague, October 5, 
1746, No. 19. 



28 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

65^. An Interior with Merry Peasants. 

Panel, 23 i inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. P. J. Snijers, Antwerp, May 23, 1758 (Terw. 205) No. 80 (22 
florins 10). 

65*:. Interior with Peasants. 

Panel, 12 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. C. Werther, Amsterdam, April 25, 1792, No. 6l. 

65^. A Merry Dancing Party. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 15, 1825 No. 422 (15 florins). 

65*. Women driving in a Rustic Waggon to the Wedding. 

By Cuyp, or in his manner. 
27! inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. J. A. van Lank, Amsterdam, October 29, 1829, No. 4 (37 florins, 
Brondgeest). 

6$f. Peasants smoking and drinking. 

Panel, 24 inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. London, May 19, 1904, No. 103. 

65^. Landscape with Peasants. In the left foreground peasants 
are revelling in front of an inn. To the right is the village street with 
many passers-by. By Cuyp and Jan van Goyen, according to the 
catalogue. 

Signed ; panel, 21 inches by 32^ inches. 

Sale. F. HermesdorfF and others, Munich, December 14, 1905, No. 119. 

66. A Man asleep on a Bed. 

Signed A. C. ; canvas, 1 6 inches by 25 J inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Musees de la Hollande t ii. 212. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 13, 1811, No. A. 17 described as 

measuring 20^ inches in height. 
In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam ; destroyed in the fire in 1864. 

66a. A Shepherdess playing a Drum. 

Panel. 

Sale. Laurent Lessens, Antwerp, August 27, 1817, No. 20. 

66b. A Young Shepherdess sitting with a Woman Fortune- 
Teller. 

Panel, 22 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May i, 1837, No. 122. 

66c. The Musician. 

Signed ; panel. 

Sale. Antwerp, February 24, 1851, No. 103. 

66^. The Wounded Man. Two figures. 
Signed; panel, 12^ inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 30, 1874, No. 14. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



29 



66*. A Flemish Peasant Woman. 

Canvas, 23^ inches by 16 inches. 
Sale. Brussels, July 12, 1905, No. 36. 

67. A Lady drinking Chocolate. A young lady, wearing a low-cut 
gown and a three-cornered cap, is stirring a cup of chocolate with a little 
spoon. An embroidered brown cloak falls from her shoulders. 

Canvas, 29 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. A. G. de Berghe, Brussels, June 7, 1906, No. 26. 

68. A DOOR. On it is painted a young man holding his hat in 
his right hand, who leans over a balustrade. Sketchily painted in grey 
on grey. 

Panel, about 72 inches by 28 inches. 
Exhibited at Dordrecht, 1892, No. 779. 

The door comes from the country-house of Jo. Smits, near Dubbeldam. 
Presented by Frans Lebret to the Dordrecht Museum. 

Exhibited on loan in the Oud Dordrecht Museum at Dordrecht, 1894 
catalogue, No. 102. 

69. PORTRAIT OF CUYP WITH HIS WIFE AND 
DAUGHTER (?). They are placed on the left in a landscape. The 
painter, dressed in black with a white collar and a broad-brimmed hat, 
holds his wife's hand ; she is also in black. The child, holding a rattle, 
is in a carriage beside her mother. A little dog, standing on its hind legs, 
begs for a piece of cake which the child holds. In the background are 
some sheep ; in the middle are old buildings, with a town in the distance. 
A swallow perches on a fence in the foreground. 

Signed to the right on the fence, "A. Cujp f." j canvas, 40 J inches 
by 54 inches. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1871, No. r, and 1872, No. I. 

Exhibited at the Exposition Retrospective, Arras. 

In the Museum, St. Omer, 1898 catalogue, No. 35 ; acquired in 1843. 

69*. Portrait of Cuyp with his Wife and little Daughter. 

The child is playing with a sheep. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 948, No. I; 1871, No. 4; and 1872, 
No. 2. 

Sale. J. Jelfs of Utrecht, London, 1773 (bought in). 

70. PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. Sm. 268. Supposed 
to be a portrait of the painter. A man of about thirty-five, half-length, 
almost facing the spectator. He is dressed in black velvet, with a plain 
white collar. He holds a watch in his right hand ; the left hand is only 
partly visible. In the background is part of a Gothic building. It is 
warm in tone, and was commonly attributed to Rembrandt. It resembles 
in style the picture belonging to the Earl of Crawford (108). 

Oval panel, 36 inches by 29 inches. 
See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1871, Nos. 3 and 5. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. no). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1890, No. 91, lent by 
Lord Ashburton. 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

t. Sir G. P. Turner, London, 1815 (75 : I2S., Baring). 
In the collection of Alexander Baring, London, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Lord Ashburton, The Grange ; purchased as a whole 
by Messrs. Agnew and others, August 1907. 

71. CUYP (?) SKETCHING IN THE OPEN, WITH HIS 
SERVANT. He stands on rising ground to the left, and sketches the 
view over a broad valley between hills, apparently those of Cleves and 
Hoch Elten. His servant stands near between two horses. Farther right 
is a flock of sheep with two shepherds and a dog. 

Signed in the left bottom corner with the monogram; panel, 13 
inches by 22 inches. 

An old copy on canvas, measuring 13^ inches by 20^ inches, was acquired 
in 1884 by the Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, 1902 catalogue, No. 660. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 279). 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, No. 88. 

72. CUYP SKETCHING IN THE OPEN. Sm. 151. In 
the right foreground a young shepherd lies sleeping near his four sheep. 
Not far away, two men have dismounted from their horses one brown, 
the other black. One of the men, apparently Cuyp himself, sits sketching 
the landscape spread out before him a river valley dotted with trees and 
cottages, and, beyond, the Elterberg, Hoch, and Nieder Elten. His servant 
stands beside him, looking on. The sun is setting. An excellent work 
of Cuyp's second period. 

Panel, 19 inches by 32 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 285, and iii. 466), both in the Duke's London 
house and at Woburn Abbey. 

Exhibited at the British Institution before 1834 (Sm.). 

Sales. H. R. Rigby, London, January 9, 1789 (^136 : ios., Holland). 

Duke of Bedford, London, June 30, 1827 (598 : ios., bought in). 
In the collection of the Duke of Bedford. 

73. PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. Sm. 182. Supposed 
to be the artist. A young man with light flowing hair. He is dressed in 
a black vest, a bright red cloak adorned with gold lace, and a narrow lace 
frill, with a large black hat. He leans his left arm on a wall. "A brilliantly 
coloured picture" (Sm.). 

Canvas, 32 inches by 25 inches. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1871, No. 2. 
Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 336). 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, Woburn Abbey, No. 153, where 
it was in 1834 (Sm.). 

74. A River Landscape. With a ruin on the bank, and some 
persons sketching in a boat. In the distance is Dordrecht. [Probably 
identical with 78.] 

Sale. General Craig, London, April 18, 1812 (63). 

74<7. Portrait of Cuyp. 

Panel, 28 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 17 (27 florins, Van Eyk). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



3 1 



74-&. Portrait of Cuyp. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1871, No. 6. 
Sales. G. H. Bengough, London, 1859. 

Bryant, London, 1 865 (2 1 1, with portrait of Cuyp's wife, 79, Ensor). 

75. Cuyp (?) sketching in the Open. Two horsemen have dis- 
mounted on rising ground to the left. One, apparently Cuyp himself, 
bends over a stone table, sketching the landscape that stretches before him. 
In the distance are some towns and mills. On the right are a peasant, 
two women, and a child near a flock of sheep. The foreground is in 
shadow ; the middle distance is in sunshine. 

Signed A : Cuyp ; panel, 26^ inches by 35^ inches. 

Sales. D. Vis Blokhuyzen of Rotterdam, Paris, April i, 1870, No. 11 

(5100 francs). 
Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, March 9, 1881, No. 249. 

76. Portrait of the Artist. A half length, facing the spectator. 
He wears black, with a white collar and a broad-brimmed hat. 

Panel, 19^ inches by 17^ inches. 
In the collection of the King of Holland. 
Sales. Comte d'Espagnac, Paris, March i, 1866. 
R. Sabatier, Paris, May 30, 1883, No. 64. 

76*7. Portrait of the Painter. Bust, nearly full face. Black dress 
and white collar ; long hair. Dark background. 
Panel, 15^ inches by 13 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, No. 81. 
Then in the collection of Sir Edmund Verney, Bart. 

77. Cuyp (?) sketching in the Open. Sm. Suppl. 18. In the left 
foreground, near the centre, the artist sits facing right with his back to 
the spectator. He is sketching the landscape spread out before him. 
Near him, to his left, his servant, seen in profile, stands looking on, 
holding in his right hand the bridle reins of their two horses ; one is a 
grey, with his tail to the spectator and his head turned to the right, while 
the other, a bay, is seen in profile to the right behind the grey, and is 
munching the grass. The flat landscape filling the right half of the 
picture is diversified by some trees, a stream, and a few cottages. On the 
extreme right are houses on a hill. In the distance is the sea. [Pendant 
to 502.] 

Panel, n inches by 18 inches. 
See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1871, No. 7. 

Exhibited at the British Gallery by Earl Granville ; and at the Royal 
Academy Winter Exhibition, 1872, No. 153, by Mrs. Charles Cope. 
In the collection of Earl Granville, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sales. Earl Granville, London, July 21, 1845 (525, Dunford) ; but this 
picture, according to Art Sales, contained the figure of a sleeping 
shepherd which was apparently not in the Secretan picture. 
Charles Cope, London, 1872 (1249 los> ' Nation ; said by Art 

Sales to have been bought for the New York Museum). 
John Wilson, London, March 14, 1881. 
E. Secre'tan, Paris, July I, 1889, No. 107. 



3 2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

78. CUYP (?) SKETCHING IN A BOAT ON THE MAAS. 

The artist sits in a boat on the river, sketching, near the ruins of the 
Huis te Merwede. In the distance are the towers of Dordrecht. [Probably 
identical with 74.] 

In the possession of the London dealers, P. and D. Colnaghi, March 1896. 

79. PORTRAIT OF CUYP'S WIFE, CORNELIA BOSMAN 

(who died in 1689). 

See Moes, Iconographia Satava, 948, No. 2. 

Saks. G. H. Bengough, London, 1859 (10, Graves). 

Bryant, London, 1865 (/zn, with Cuyp's portrait, 74^, Ensor). 

80. Portrait of Cuyp's Mother. She is dressed in black, holds a 
book, and leans her arm on a table with a red cover. 

Panel, 12 inches by 9 inches. 

Sales. Heris, Brussels, June 19, 1846, No. 16. 

Heris of Brussels, Paris, April 19, 1856, No. lo (65 francs). 

81. PORTRAIT OF BARENT PIETERSZ, CALLED 
GROOTEBROECK, AND HIS WIFE. Sm. Suppl. 49. They 
stand, dressed in black, under a fruit-tree to the left. The man holds his 
wife's right hand in his left, while he points with his cane to the right. 
Behind them to the left stands a young negro, holding a large parasol 
over their heads. Almost two-thirds of the picture, to the right, is filled 
with the landscape, showing the town of Batavia with the Dutch fleet at 
anchor. The persons were formerly identified as the Governor Pieter 
Both and his wife, but they have since been recognised by means of the 
ships' names. Barent Pietersz, called Grootebroeck, went from his native 
town of Hoorn to the Indies in 1619 and became director of trade there 
on August i, 1634. 

Canvas, 53 inches by 81 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Bought from a private owner at Rotterdam, 1839, by Nieuwenhuys, for a 
very small sum, and sold the same year to Lord Northwick (500). 

Sales. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 

No. 1590 (966, Agnew). 
J. Hargreaves, London, 1873 (231, Agnew). 
R. Kirkman Hodgson, London, February 23, 1907, No. 64 (945, 

Dowdeswell). 

In the possession of Fr. Muller and Co., the Amsterdam dealers, who sold 
it to the Dutch Government (18,000 florins). 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. 

82. Portrait of the Lawyer De Roy. With his wife and two sons. 
The attribution to Cuyp is doubtful. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 846. 

In the collection of C. P. Hoynck van Papendrecht, Amsterdam. 

In the Amstelkring Museum, Amsterdam, C. P. Hoynck bequest, 1892. 

83. Landscape with the Alewijn Family. 

Sale. Baron Nagel, London, 1797 (105, Hope). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



33 



84. Portrait of the Thiboel Family of Dordrecht. Two groups. 
In one, a man holds a snipe at which two retrievers are sniffing. In the 
other, a young man holds a squirrel by a gold chain. In the centre is a 
pasture with animals ; in the distance is a town identified as Heidelberg 
in the sale catalogue. 

Canvas, 65^ inches by 95 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 256. 

Sale. Schwanberg, Paris, 1809 (5101 francs). 

85. Portrait of Cornelis Pompe van Meerdervoort (1639-80). 

A high officer of Dordrecht, going to the hunt with his tutor and 
servants. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 6005, No. I ; and Oud Holland, ii. 260. 

In the inventory of goods belonging to Johan Diederik Pompe van 
Meerdervoort, Dordrecht, 1749, No. 4 2 but not * n t ^ ie sa ^ e or ~ October 14 
following. 

86. Portrait of Andreas Colvius (1594-1671), Preacher, of 
Dordrecht. Painted in 1646. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 1651. 

Engraved by S. Savry in Balen's Beschryving van Dordrecht, 225 ; and 
celebrated in verse by Cl. Salmasius. 

87. Portrait of Hoogerbeets. Painted after his death. 
Panel, 13^ inches by \Q\ inches. 

Sale. Fr. J. Mensart and others, Amsterdam, September 2, 1824, No. 42 
(10 florins, with 88, Leenbruggen). 

88. Portrait of Oldenbarneveld (who died in 1619). Not from 
life. 

Panel, 13^ inches by io inches. 

Sale. Fr. J. Mensart and others, Amsterdam, September 2, 1824, No. 42 
(10 florins, with 87, Leenbruggen). 

89. Prince Maurice of Saxony. On a grey horse in front of an 
inn. [Identical with 92 ?] 

Sale. J. Newington Hughes, London, April 14, 1848 (73 : los., 
Johnson). 

90. Portrait of William III. of Orange. On a brown horse in a 
landscape, with a river in the distance. 

19 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. R. Bernal, London, March 5 and April 17, 1855 (105, Rhodes). 

91. Supposed Portrait of a Count of Egmont. In black with a 
plumed hat. The expression on the face is somewhat vacant. The dog 
beside him is excellent. In the background is a landscape with a distant 
town. A full-length, life size. 

See Moes, Iconographia Batava, 2305. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 

No. 1498 (315, Lord Northwick). 
VOL. II D 



34 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

92. Prince Maurice. [Identical with 89 ?] 
Panel, 14 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. J. Hargreaves, London, 1873 (126, Newman). 

92*. Supposed Portrait of the Prince of Orange. With a pony 
and dog. 

Sale. Harding, London, 1885 (102 : 1 8s., Ward). 

93. Supposed Portrait of the King of Bohemia. With a white 
collar. 

Panel, 25 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. London, July 9, 1901, No. 358. 

94. PORTRAIT OF A BOY OF THE VAN DER BURGH 
FAMILY. Three-quarter length. He stands at a window, and wears 
a brown costume almost covered with a white pinafore, a white jacket and 
cap. He holds a small flute. It is a good picture, but differs wholly from 
Cuyp's ordinary style of portraiture : for instance, it has not the reddish 
flesh-tones customary with him. The signature and statement of age are 
unquestionably genuine. Moreover, there is a coat-of-arms : or, bendlets 
wavy gules. Thus the boy belonged to the Van der Burgh family of 
Dordrecht, and was not an Orange Prince, as was formerly supposed. 

Signed, "A. Cuijp fecit. Aetatis suae I Jaer" ; panel, 16 inches by 
12 inches. 

In the collection of the Duke of Modena. 
Sales. Baron Clary, Paris, May 2, 1872. 

Jules Lenglard, Paris, 1902. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Scdelmeyer, "Catalogue of loo 
Paintings," 1902, No. 3. 

In the collection of Henri Heugel, Paris. 

95. Portrait of a Child of the Roozendael Family. 

Sale. Brussels, August I, 1842, No. 24. 

96. Portrait of Maria Strick van Scharlaaken. As a shepherdess 
with a crook; she feeds two sheep. The picture is inscribed: "Maria 
Strick van Scharlaaken Regneer's Dogter, geboren den 13 ten October 
1646, en overleden den 15 ten Juni 1669." 

32 inches by 24^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 200). 

In the collection of James Tulloch, London, 1857. 

97. PORTRAIT OF A FAMILY IN A LANDSCAPE. 

A lady dressed as a shepherdess sits on a mound, racing the spectator. 
She wears a yellow gown with large sleeves and a garland of flowers on 
her head. At her feet lies a crook. With her right arm she embraces 
her little daughter, who stands beside her, dressed in white. The child 
points to her father, who, dressed in white and having a garland of vine- 
leaves, hands her an apple. To the right are two sheep and a boy in 
brown riding on a goat. Farther back, the eldest daughter, dressed as a 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



35 



shepherdess in grey with a crook, stands near her mother. To the left 
are some tall trees. At the back is a range of hills illumined by the 
setting sun. The paint is thickly laid on. It is an early work, still 
showing in a very marked degree the influence of the father, J. G. Cuyp. 
Panel, 33 inches by 26 inches. 

In the collection of Lavalard de Roye. 

In the Amiens Museum, Lavalard bequest, 1899 catalogue, No. 6. 

98. PORTRAIT OF A FAMILY IN A LANDSCAPE. 

Sm. 169. Under two trees on the left are the parents, surrounded by 
eight persons, their children and relations. The father is in black. 
Near him, a young girl in blue silk points to the four sons on the extreme 
right who return from the hunt with their dogs, guns, and game. 
Between the two groups is a view across a river, on the farther side of 
which is a town on sloping ground. The figures are well painted but the 
faces are unattractive. The foliage, grass, cows, and figures in the 
middle distance are very characteristic. The picture is most closely 
related to the portrait of Grootebroeck and his wife (81 ). Sm. and others 
thought it represented Cuyp and his family, which of course is impossible. 
Signed, " A. Cuijp, fecit." ; canvas, 67 inches by 96 inches. 

Th. von Frimmel has wrongly questioned its authenticity. Mentioned by 
Parthey (i. 722) ; Viardot, Musees <? Allemagne ; and Veth, Qud Holland (ii. 

275)- 

In the Esterhazy collection, Vienna, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, 1906 catalogue, No. 334 (old 
No. 398). 

98*7. Family in a Landscape. 

Panel, 29^ inches by 41 inches. 

Sale. Aegidius Laurens Tolling, Amsterdam, November 21, 1768, No. 36 
(5 florins 5, Quinkhard). 

98^. A Dutch Family. 

Canvas, 55 inches by 68| inches. 

Sale. J. A. Snijers, Antwerp, October 10, 1842, No. 25. 

98;-. Portrait of Family. 

Panel, 46 inches by 62 inches. 

Sate. Antwerp, June 10, 1858, No. 10. 

99. PORTRAIT OF A LADY AND GENTLEMAN. A 

lady and gentleman sit under a tree only partly visible on the right, and 
join hands. The lady, on the right, is seen almost in profile to the left, 
but turns her head to the spectator j she is dressed in white silk and holds 
two large pinks in her left hand. The gentleman, on the left, sits almost 
facing the spectator ; he bends to the right and appears to be proposing 
marriage to the lady. The figures are full-length. 
Canvas, 56^ inches by 73^ inches. 

Exhibited by Rupprecht, Munich, 1889, No. 167. 

Sale. H. Th. Hoch, Munich, September 19, 1892, No. 305. 



36 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

For a time in the possession of Frau A. Spier, Frankfort-on-Main. 

In the possession of the Munich dealer Leitner. 

Sale. J. Seguier and others, London, February 7, 1903, No. 125. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer, F. Kleinbergcr. 

In the possession of the New York dealer Louis Ehrich. 

100. A Man and Woman seated, singing from a Printed 
Paper. A three-quarter length. 

Panel, 48^ inches by 37 inches. 

In the Nostitz collection, Prague, 1863 (Parthey, i. 720) but no longer to 
be found there. 

10 1. PORTRAIT OF A MAN. A half-length. The man faces 
left and looks in front of him ; he wears a broad-brimmed hat. The 
background is dark. 

In the left-hand bottom corner is an apparently forged monogram, 
"A. C." ; panel, 10 inches by 8 inches. 

In the collection of Graf Harrach, Vienna, 1867. 

In the Suermondt collection, Aachen, 1875 catalogue, No. 49. 

In the Royal Museum, Berlin, 1883 catalogue, No. 86iE; returned to 
Aachen in 1884. 

In the Suermondt Museum, Aachen, 1884 catalogue, second supplement, 
No. 176. 

1 02. Portrait of a Man. Probably a fragment of a large picture. 
The attribution to Cuyp is not impossible. 

Oval. 

In the collection of Earl Spencer, Althorp Park, No. 278. 

103. Study of the Head of an Old Man with a Cap. The face is 
strong in colour and broadly painted. The model is remarkably like that 
employed by Dou, but the picture may very well be the work of Cuyp. 

Oval panel, 8 inches by ~]\ inches. 

In the collection of Lord Ridley, Blagdon. 

104. PpRTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. A half-length. He 
sits to the right, with his head almost facing the speaker. He is dressed 
in black, with a broad white collar and a black cap. His hat lies on a 
table to the right. The background is dark. In the right-hand top 
corner is a coat-of-arms. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 35 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, 
No. 76. 

In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood. 

105. HALF-LENGTH PORTRAIT OF A MAN. He is in 

black with a round collar, and almost faces the spectator. He wears a 
fair moustache and beard, and long hair. The bright red colour of the 
face makes it somewhat unattractive. It was formerly attributed to the 
school of Jordaens. 

Inscribed in the left-hand top corner : " JET. 47. 1654" i panel, 27 J 
inches by 23 inches. [Pendant to 135.] 



vii AELBERT CUYP 

Acquired from the Pfungst collection, London, April, 1899. 
In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 15. 



37 



1 06. HALF-LENGTH PORTRAIT OF A MAN. He wears 
a black coat adorned with gold lace and gold buttons. It is unbuttoned 
to show an oval gold medallion containing a half-length portrait of a man, 
which hangs on his breast. 

Panel, 13 inches io| by inches. 

Possibly the picture mentioned by Parthey (i. 720). 

In the Suermondt collection, Aachen. 

Transferred in 1878 from the store-room of the Royal Museum, Berlin, to 
the Diisseldorf Academy of Art; see Berlin catalogue of the store-room, 1886, 
No. 1317. 

In the Royal Academy of Art, Diisseldorf, 1901 catalogue, No. 209. 

107. PORTRAIT OF A PAINTER (? Cuyp). He is in black. 
Beside him is a table covered with drawings, a palette, brushes, and casts 
from the antique. But for the signature, it would remind one rather of 
Thomas de Keyser, though it is somewhat more sketchy than his pictures. 

A false signature is on one of the papers. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

1 08. PORTRAIT OF A SOLDIER. A three-quarter length. 
He stands, turning slightly to the right. He wears a broad-brimmed hat 
with a plume, a steel cuirass with a blue sash and leather gloves, and 
carries a staff in his right hand. It is a characteristic and, in its way, a 
good picture. [Compare 70.] 

48! inches by 33 inches. 

Exhibited at the Guildhall, London, 1895, No. 113. 

In the collection of the Earl of Crawford, Haigh Hall, Wigan. 

109. PORTRAIT OF A MAN OF RANK. Sm. 176. A 
half-length, life size. He almost faces the spectator, but turns a little to 
the right. He has a grey moustache and beard, and wears a black dress, 
a white collar, and a black skull-cap. The picture is entirely in the 
manner of the father, J. G. Cuyp, but much too warm in tone for him. 

Signed, " ^Etatis : 56 : 1649. A : cuijp. fecit."; octagonal panel, 
27 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sales. Bryan, London, May 7, 1804 wrongly described in the 1801 

catalogue of this collection as a portrait of the painter. 
A. Champernowne, London, June 29, 1820. 
In the collection of J. B. Owen, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. J. Bulkeley Owen, London, April 30, 1868 (404 : 55., Trant). 
Sold by C. J. Nieuwenhuys in 1869 to the National Gallery for ^900. 
In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 797. 

1 10. Portrait of a Gentleman. 

In the collection of C. Fairfax Murray, London. 

no*. PORTRAIT OF A MAN. Bust. The man is in three- 
quarter profile to the right and looks at the spectator. He has a wine- 



3 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

glass in his right hand and a flute in his left. He wears a red embroidered 
jacket, a white vest, and a black cap with a white plume. [Compare 
66<r.J 

Signed, "A. Cuyp, fee. Ao 1652 " ; panel, 2d inches by 17 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1908, 
No. 53. 

Then in the collection of J. H. Standen. 

in. PORTRAIT OF A SPORTSMAN. A three-quarter 
length, almost full face. He wears a red coat over a purple velvet jacket, 
and a red hat. He grasps in his left hand a staff which he carries on his 
shoulder, and holds up in his right hand a dead partridge. In the right- 
hand bottom corner is the head of a retriever. It is an unattractive 
picture. 

Signed on the right : "A. Cuyp fecit" ; canvas, 39^ inches by 31 
inches. 

Exhibited by C. Sedelmeyer, the Paris dealer, 1901, No. 60. 
In the collection of Colonel Unthank, Intwood Hall, Norwich. 
Sale. London, May 27, 1897, No. 142 (200, Lane). 
In the possession of C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 Paintings," 1900, 
No. 8. 

In the collection of E. R. Bacon, New York. 

112. Head of a Man. Full face, in black, with a black hat. 
Panel, 14 inches by n inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1881, No. 68. 
In the collection of Earl Cowper, Panshanger. 

113. HALF-LENGTH PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. 

Sm. 68. The portly gentleman wears black velvet, with slashed sleeves, 
and a black hat with a white plume. He turns slightly to the right, and 
holds in his right hand a dead partridge, while with the other hand he 
grasps the gun on his shoulder. The picture seems not to be at all bad, 
but it is so unfavourably hung that it cannot be fairly judged. 
Panel, 31 inches by 26 inches. 

Purchased in 1816 from the Abbe de Sambucy. 

In the collection of Louis XVIII. of France. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No 2345A. 

114. PORTRAIT OF A CAVALIER. A half-length, life size. 
He turns to the right, looking at the spectator. He has grey hair, 
moustache and beard, and wears black with a white collar and brown 
gloves. The background is greenish-grey. 

Signed, " Aetatis 50 obijt Ao 1631 A. Cuyp fecit"; panel, 28^ inches 
by 23 inches. 

Exhibited by the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, 1901, No. 57. 
In the possession of C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 Paintings," 1896, 
No. 8. 

In the collection of Willy Sauerbach, Paris. 

115. PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. A half-length, full 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



39 



face. He is simply dressed in black, with a white collar and a tall hat. 
It is not signed, but the orange-yellow and red tones on the face are 
characteristic of Cuyp. 

Panel, 28^ inches by 24 inches. 

Exhibited in the Portrait Exhibition, The Hague, 1903, No. 14. 
In the collection of General Bulwer. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1906, No. 8. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

1150. Portrait of an Old Man with White Hair. 

Canvas, 19 inches by i6| inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. C. 26. 



Portrait of a Gentleman. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 1 1, 1827, No. 234 (27 florins, Lamme). 

ii5<r. Portrait of a Gentleman. Finely painted. 
28 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. H. A. van Bleiswijk, Rotterdam, July 23, 1827, No. 120 (26 florins 
10, Van Eijk). 

1 1 6. Portrait of a Gentleman. Sm. 206. Half-length. He is in 
black, with a white ruff, and is bareheaded. He opens his mouth as if 
to speak, and raises his right hand in an accompanying gesture. In his 
left hand he holds his gloves. 

Panel, 32 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832,^.74 (870 francs). 

n6a. Portrait of a Gentleman. [Pendant to 137^.] 
Signed, A. Cuijp ; panel, 29^ inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. E. J. de la Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, No. 
31 (60 florins, with pendant, Ouderwater). 

n6. Portrait of a Gentleman. In a cloak, holding his hat. Fine 
and very natural. 

Canvas, 34 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, September 22, 1851, No. 31. 

n6c. Portrait of a Gentleman. In Old Dutch costume. 
Panel, 23 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, September 22, 1851, No. 32. 

1 1 6d. Portrait of a Gentleman. By Cuyp, or in his manner. 
[Pendant to 137^.] 

Sale. L. Stokbroo van Hoogwoud en Aartswoud, Amsterdam, November 
13, 1855, No. 62. 

117. Portrait of a Gentleman. He has a fair moustache and 
beard, and wears a black velvet doublet, with a white pleated collar, and 



4 o 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



a cloak. One hand rests on his hip, the other holds his gloves. Through 
an open window at the back is seen a picturesque landscape. 
Panel, 50^ inches by 34^ inches. 

R. de Cornelissen, Brussels, May II, 1857, No. 15. 



117*. Portrait of a Man, standing. 

Signed j panel, 45 inches by 30^ inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, August 21, 1860, No. 25. 

118. PORTRAIT OF A MAN IN A HOMELY INTERIOR. 

Full length, one-third the size of life, and full face. He is dressed in 
black, with a white collar, and wears a black hat. His right hand rests 
on his hip, his left holds his gloves. To the right of him are a chair with 
a red cushion, a small table with a coloured cloth, and a closed window. 
The light falls from the left-hand top corner. It is broad in style and, 
according to the catalogue, was painted about 1650. 
Panel, 29^ inches by 23^ inches. 

Sales. M. Neven, Cologne, March 17, 1879, No. 59. 

Edward Habich, Kassel, May 9, 1892, No. 33 (1180 marks, Mencke 
of Hanover). 

119. Portrait of a Gentleman. He is in black and wears his hat. 
He holds a letter in his right hand. 

Signed and dated 1646; 41 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. London, May 13, 1893, No. 21. 

120. Portrait of a Gentleman in Black. 
30 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. London, May 13, 1893, No. 22. 

121. PORTRAIT OF AN OFFICER. A three-quarter length. 
He stands facing the spectator. His long hair falls in curls on his buff 
coat. His sleeves are of another material. Round his waist he has an 
orange sash trimmed with white lace. This was wrongly attributed to 
A. Palamedes in the catalogue, but is by Cuyp. 

36^ inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Jentink and others, Amsterdam, June I, 1897, No. 208 (250 florins). 

122. Portrait of a Gentleman. He wears a black dress and a 
white lace collar, and holds his right hand before his breast. It was 
ascribed to B. van der Heist, but had very much of Cuyp's style. 

Dated 1642 ; 27 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Paley and others, London, June 16, 1900, No. 62 (131). 

123. Portrait of a Gentleman. Supposed to represent the artist. 
It probably had an inscription on the back in Dutch, stating that the 
portrait represented Cuyp. The man is in black, with a white collar. 

12 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Paley and others, London, June 16, 1900, No. 69 (105, Agnew). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 41 

1230. Portrait of a Gentleman in Black. He holds his gloves in 
his right hand. [Probably identical with 1250.] 
Sale. London, June 20, 1903, No. 126. 

1 23*7. Portrait of a Young Nobleman. He is in black and wears 
a hat. 

22^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Alleyne, London, December 12, 1903, No. 131. 

124. Portrait of an Old Man. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Durand-Ruel, 1903. 

124*7. Half- Length Portrait of a Man. In black, with a plain 
white collar. 

Panel, 29^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Bruchmann and others, Magdeburg, March I, 1904, No. 94. 

124^. Portrait of a Young Man. He is in black, with a grey cloak. 

Dated 1637 ; oval, 24 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Talleyrand-Perigord, London, May 14, 1904, No. 104. 

125. PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN. Three - quarter 
length. He is about forty, and has long hair. He stands, dressed in 
black with a plain white collar. His right hand rests on the richly carved 
back of a chair before him ; his left hand holds his gloves. A good 
picture. 

42 inches by 30^ inches. 

Sales. Baron van den Bogaerde of Schloss Heeswijk, Hertogenbosch, June 

19, 1900, No. 9. 
X. (F. Fischhof), Paris, May 16, 1904, No. IO (1080 francs). 

125*7. Portrait of a Man in Black. In his right hand he holds 
his gloves. The left hand rests on the back of a chair. [Probably identical 
with 123*7.] 

Panel, 41 inches by 30^ inches. 

Sale. London, July 20, 1906, No. 5. 

126. Portrait of an Old Man in Black. He is turned three- 
quarters right, and looks at the spectator. He has grey moustaches and 
beard, and wears a black silk cap. The background is grey. The figure 
is half-length and life size. The attribution is doubtful. The style of 
the signature is quite different to that of other portraits. 

Signed, " Aetatis 77 AN 1652"} panel, 28^ inches by 24 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1902, No. 4. 

Sale. C. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 29 (3550 francs). 

127. PORTRAIT OF A YOUNG MAN. A half-length, life 
size, facing three-quarters left and looking at the spectator. He wears a 
yellow silk doublet with slashed sleeves, a white collar, and a black velvet 



42 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

cap with a white feather. He has long hair. His left hand grasps a gun 
by the barrel. 

Oval panel, 32^ inches by 28 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Mtisees de la Hollande, ii. 144. 

In the Van der Hoop collection, Amsterdam ; purchased at a sale at The 
Hague, 1851. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam ; Van der Hoop bequest, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 748. 

128. PORTRAIT OF A BOY HAWKING. In a river 
landscape, the boy, dressed in red, stands facing the spectator. He holds 
a hawk on his left wrist, and points with his right hand to the dog running 
in front of him. The figure is life size. The red costume is well 
painted and fine in colour, and the landscape also is not bad, but the two 
do not harmonise well. The dog is weak and the expression of the boy's 
face is unattractive. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, "A. CUYP. fecit A 1649"; 
panel, 42 inches by 31 inches. 

Exhibited at Amsterdam, 1867, No. 33. 

Exhibited in the Portrait Exhibition, The Hague, 1903, No. 13. 

In the collection of F. de Wildt, Amsterdam. 

In the collection of the Dowager Madame Backer, nie De Wildt, 
Amsterdam. 

129. PORTRAIT OF A LITTLE BOY AGED TWO. 

He wears a yellow frock with a green pinafore, a yellow cap with red and 
white feathers, and a red sash. He sits on a mound, offering a leafy twig 
to a goat. In spite of the fine signature, this is attributed in the Douai 
catalogue to J. G. Cuyp. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, "A. cuijp f. 1642 oudt 2 
jaer." ; panel, 32 inches by 25 inches. 

In the Escallier collection. 

In the Douai Museum, 1869 catalogue, No. 87. 

130. Portrait of a Boy. Full-length, life size. The boy stands, 
turning slightly to the left but seen almost full face. He wears a black 
hat and a black frock with a stiff white ruff. He rests his right hand on 
a hobby-horse, and holds in the left a whip. 

Panel, 46^ inches by 34 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1880, No. 88. 
In the collection of the Duke of Norfolk, London. 

130*. Supposed Portrait of Cuyp's Son (!). 
Sa/e.W. Y. Ottley, London, May 25, 1811 (21, Walker). 

130*. Head of a Youth with a Plumed Velvet Cap. 
1 6 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. D. van Dijl, Amsterdam, January 10, 1814, No. 37 (5 florins 25). 

130^. Head of a Youth with a Plumed Velvet Cap. 
1 6 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. D. van Dijl, Amsterdam, January 10, 1814, No. 38 (5 florins 5). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 43 

130^. Portrait of a Little Boy. Uncertain by which Cuyp. 
Sale. Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, September 17, 1822, No. I. 

130*. Portrait of a Youth, with a Brown Spaniel. 

Panel, 30^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 62 (10 florins). 



A Shepherd. Half-length. 
Panel, 27 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, May 14, 1839, No. 404 (6 florins 25, 
Anderson). 

130^. Portrait of a Youth. 

Panel, 20 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, February 12, 1850, No. 232. 

131. Portrait of a Boy aged Ten or Twelve. He wears sporting 
costume and stands in the open, holding a dog in a leash. In the distance 
are the houses of Dordrecht. 

Panel, 12^ inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. A. J. Steenecruys, Antwerp, May 14, 1850, No. 18. 

131^. Portrait of a Boy of Good Family. 

Signed in full ; canvas, 44^ inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. M. Wolff, Berlin, May 25, 1857, No. 420. 

13 1. A Young Shepherd reading. Half-length. 
Panel, 22| inches by i6| inches. 

Sale. P. Blusse van Zuidland en Velgerslijk and T. J. van der Goorbergh, 
Amsterdam, April 5, 1870, No. 14. 

132. Portrait of a Boy. He is dressed in red and wears a cap. He 
stands in a landscape, playing with a roe-buck which he holds by the 
horns. In the foreground are large-leaved plants and bushes. In the 
distance are two cows lying down, a herdsman, and some ruins illumined 
by the setting sun. [Pendant to 152.] 

Signed in full ; canvas, 49^ inches by 38 inches. 
Sales. Malfait of Lille, Paris, December 19, 1864. 
Auguiot, Paris, March i, 1875, No. 3. 



Portrait of a Comely Boy. He stands in a landscape, with 
bow and quiver. 

Canvas, oval, 13^ inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Treuer and others, Frankfort-on-Main, April 27, 1891, No. 19. 

132^. Portrait of a Boy. A princely boy, dressed in a red blouse, 
stands on the terrace of a park. He wears sandals and a broad-brimmed 
hat with a plume. With the right hand he holds a greyhound in a leash ; 
his left hand is behind his back. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Hopken-Melenberg and others, Berlin, May 6, 1892, No. 98. 



44 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

132*:. Portrait of a Boy. A boy of good family, dressed in red with 
a white collar, stands facing three-quarters left. He holds in both hands 
the leash of a dog to his right. His figure is seen at three-quarters length. 
[Pendant to 154.] 

Panel, 28 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. Clav6-Bouhaben, Cologne, June 4, 1894, No. 217 (2700 marks, with 
pendant). 

132^. Portrait of a Boy. On a park wall sits a little boy in red, 
with a rocking-horse. 

Panel, 9^ inches by y| inches. 

Sale. Dtlrnberg and others, Frankfort -on -Main, December 7, 1897, 
No. 1 8. 

132*. Portrait of a Boy as Shepherd. Life size, half-length, 
facing right. He wears a brown doublet, and a broad-brimmed hat, and 
holds a crook in his right hand. The background is grey. 

20 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Wedewer, Cologne, May I, 1899, No. 48. 

I32/ A Boy in Red. He sits on the ground, facing left, and looks 
at the spectator. He holds with both hands his big hat, which lies on 
his knees. The background is brown. 

30^ inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Wedewer, Cologne, May I, 1899, No. 49. 

132^. Head of a Youth. 
Panel. 

Sale. London, April 3, 1901, No. 105. 

132/2. Half- Length Portrait of a Boy. The attribution is 
doubtful. 

15^ inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Brussels, January 21, 1903, No. 29. 

132;. A Young Man. His shoulder is bare. He holds a flute with 
both hands. 

Canvas, 31 inches by 25 \ inches. 

Sale. Bruchmann and others, Magdeburg, March I, 1901, No. 95. 

133. A Shepherd Boy. Half-length, turned slightly to the left. 
He wears a red coat, showing beneath it his white shirt. He holds a crook 
and some flowers. His hair falls round his fresh face and is garlanded 
with ivy. 

Panel, 24 inches by i8| inches. 

Sales. Stiels and others, Cologne, May 24, 1897, No. 60. 

A. von Keller and others, Frankfort -on -Main, May 17, 1904, 
No. 1 6. 

1330. Portrait of a Boy. In a dark costume with a white collar. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 45 

Signed "Aetatis n AN ." 1671. 

27 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. William Rome, London, December 21, 1907, No. 70. 

134. Portrait of a Lady. Ascribed to Cuyp. Life size. 
In the Muse"e Communal, Brussels. 

135. HALF-LENGTH PORTRAIT OF A LADY. She is 

in black with a white collar, and turns her head to the spectator. It is 
strong in colour and lighting. It was formerly attributed to the school 
of Jordaens. [Pendant to 105.] 

Inscribed in the right-hand top corner, "JET 60 1654"; panel, 
27^ inches by 23 inches. 

Acquired from the Pfungst collection, London, April 1899. 
In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 16. 

136. Portrait of a Lady. Half-length, life size. She turns to the 
left and faces the spectator. She is in black with a broad white collar and 
a black cap. The background is greenish-grey. 

Signed "A. Cuyp fecit Ao. 1655 " ; panel, 28^ inches by 23^ inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1896, No. 7. 

In the collection of Ferdinand Bischoffsheim, Paris. 

136*. An Old Woman seated. Beside her is a little child. By 
A. or J. G. Cuyp. 

Amsterdam, June 22, 1814, No. 32. 

136^. An Old Woman seated. She is dressed in the old Dutch 
style with a white collar. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 16, 1815, No. 21 (14 florins, Coders). 

136^. Portrait of a Woman. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Utrecht, June 27, 1825, No. 173. 

136^. Portrait of a Woman. 

Canvas on panel, 9 inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. J. A. van Dam, Dordrecht, June i, 1829, No. 27 (n florins, 
Kallenberg). 

136*. Portrait of a Lady. With a ruff. 
Canvas, oval, 26 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. P. J. de Marneffe, Brussels, May 24, 1830, No. 79. 

1367; Two Comely Women's Heads. A picture? 
Signed A. Cuyp. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 3, 1831, No. 103 (l florin 5, Roos). 

137. Portrait of a Young Lady. Sm. 238. She has an oval face, 
slightly pock-marked. Her hair is combed back under a black velvet cap. 
She wears a black spotted silk gown, and a plain muslin kerchief with a 



46 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

black rosette at the bosom. She holds a fan in her right hand ; the other 
is not shown. " Such is the richness of the colouring, the breadth of the 
effect, and the extraordinary look of nature in this picture, that it may be 
said to vie with the best productions of Rembrandt" (Sm.). 
Oval panel, about 32 inches by 26 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1831. 

In the collection of the Rev. Heneage Finch, 1834 (Sm.). 

137*7. Portrait of an Old Woman. The colour is finely rendered. 

Panel, 30^ inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. The Hague, September 1 8, 1837, No. 84. 

137^. Portrait of a Woman. [Pendant to u6#.] 
Signed A. Cuijp ; panel, 29^ inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. E. J. de la Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, 
No. 31 (60 florins, with pendant, Ouderwater). 

137^. Portrait of a Young Woman. Three-quarters length, life 
size. She wears a hat with a feather. 
Canvas, 32^ inches by 25 inches. 
Sale. A. J. Steenecruys, Antwerp, May 14, 1850, No. 19. 

137^. Portrait of a Woman. By Cuyp or in his manner. [Pendant 
to 



Sale. L. Stokbroo van Hoogwoud en Aartswoud, Amsterdam, November 1 3, 
1855, No. 62. 

138. Portrait of a Lady. She wears a handsome black silk gown. 
She holds in her left hand a bunch of keys on a chain, and in her right a 
richly embroidered handkerchief. She wears a plain collar and a white 
lace cap. Through an open window is seen a landscape with the ruins 
of an old castle. 

Panel, 50^ inches by 34^ inches. 

Sale. Comte R. de Cornelissen, Brussels, May n, 1857, No. 1 6. 

139. Portrait of a Young Lady. She is dressed in black with a 
white cap and a white collar. The background is brown. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 213). 

In the Henderson collection, London, 1857. 

140. Portrait of a Lady. Three-quarter length, life size. She 
wears an unattractive but rich silk dress trimmed with lace, a collar, cuffs, 
a gold chain, bracelets, and other ornaments. She holds a fan. If the 
date is genuine, this cannot be by A. Cuyp. 

Dated, "Ao. 1630" ; panel, 42^ inches by 30^ inches. 

Sale. Pereire, Paris, March 6, 1872, No. 117 (3150 francs). 

141. Portrait of a Young Lady. Three -quarter length. She 
wears a black dress with a broad collar. She sits sewing. 

Signed in full ; panel, 30 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Lippmann de Lissingen, Paris, March 16, 1876, No. 16. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 47 

141 a. Portrait of a Young Lady. Half-length, life size, turned 
three-quarters left. She wears a black embroidered silk dress, a broad 
white collar and lace cap. The date 1635 tells against A. Cuyp's 
authorship. 

Signed and dated in the left background: "Aetatis 20 Anno 1635 | 
A. Cuyp fecit " ; panel, 27^ inches by 23 inches. 

Sales. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, March 9, 1881, No. 250. 
Adolf Josef Bosch, Vienna, April 28, 1885, No. II. 

141 . Portrait of a Lady. 

27! inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Duke of Marlborough, June 26, 1886, No. n. 

141^. Portrait of a Young Lady. Three-quarter length, almost 
full face. She wears a black flowered silk gown, a broad lace-trimmed 
collar, with a gold cross hanging from a chain of double links on her 
bosom. She is drawing on her right glove with her gloved left hand. 

Panel, 22 inches by 29! inches. 

Sale. Adolf Schuster and others, Cologne, November 14, 1892, No. 37. 

141^. Portrait of a Nun. 

Sale. Von Woyna and others, Bonn, March i, 1898, No. 48. 

141*. Portrait of a Lady. Half-length, life size. She is almost 
in profile to the right, but turns her head to the spectator. She wears a 
dark grey gown with a black cap. 

A painted oval, 25^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Wedewer, Cologne, May I, 1899, No. 50. 

141/1 Portrait of a Lady. She is in black, with collar and cuffs. 
Panel, 45 inches by 33 inches. 

In the collection of Colonel Pimney. 
Sale. London, July 7, 1900, No. 47. 

141^. Portrait of a Lady. She is in black, with a white collar. 
Panel. 

Sale. London, April 3, 1901, No. 108. 

142. Portrait of a Young Lady seated. Three-quarter length. 
She is in black with a ruff", lace cuffs, and a white cap. On a table 
beside her is a glass vase holding flowers. In the left-hand top corner is 
a coat-of-arms. 

Canvas, 42 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Albrecht and others, Berlin, February II, 1902, No. 46. 

142*7. Portrait of a Lady. In black, with a big rufF. 
Panel, 51 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Lady Wetherall and others, London, April 1 8, 1903. 

142^. Portrait of a Lady. In black, with a white collar. 

Panel, 24 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. London, May 28, 1903, No. 117. 



48 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

142^. Lady with a Cupid by a Fountain. In the background 
several figures. 

Canvas, I2| inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Wilson and others, Frankfort -on -Main, September 24, 1903, 
No. 36. 

142^. An Old Woman with a Collar. With a child holding a 
basket of fruit. By A. or J. G. Cuyp. 
Panel, 32 inches by 29 inches. 
Sale. London, December 3, 1904, No. 98. 

142*. Portrait of a Lady. In black, with a lace collar and cap. 

Panel, 28 inches by 23! inches. 

Sale. London, February 5, 1906, No. 58. 

142/7 Portrait of a Lady. In black, with lace collar and cuffs. 
She holds her gloves and fen. 
20 inches by 31 inches. 
Sale. London, May 31, 1906, No. 12. 

142^. Portrait of a Lady. In a figured black dress, with white 
cap and ruff. 

Panel, 25 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. G. R. Burnett, London, March 23, 1908, No. 164 (14:143., 
Smith). 

142/1. Portrait of a Lady. In a black dress and white linen collar, 
with a black cap. 

Signed and dated 1647 ; panel, 26 inches by 2o inches. 

Sale. Arthur Sanderson of Edinburgh, London, July 3, 1908, No. 88 
: los., Colnaghi). 



143. A Little Girl with a Sheep. She is in black with a white 
apron and a white cap. A landscape background. It is a good picture, 
but Cuyp's authorship is doubtful. [Compare 148^.] 

Panel, 14 inches by 8 inches. 

In the collection of Lavalard de Roye. 

In the Amiens Museum, Lavalard bequest, 1899 catalogue, No. 7. 

144. PORTRAIT OF A GIRL. Three-quarter length. She 
stands facing right. She stretches out her left hand, and holds in her right 
a dead plover. She wears a fiery-red dress, and a black cap with a feather. 
The background is dark. 

Once signed, apparently in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 
26 inches by 19 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 88. 
In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood. 

145. PORTRAIT OF A GIRL WITH A GOAT. In the 

foreground a girl supposed to be a Princess of Orange holds a goat by 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



49 



a ribbon. Behind her are ruins and a hilly landscape. The girl is still in 
the style of the elder Cuyp. 

Panel, i6 inches by 13^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1882, No. 72. 
Exhibited at the Dutch Exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1904, 
No. 293, by Lewis Fry. 

In the collection of Lewis Fry, Clifton, Bristol. 

146. A LITTLE GIRL WITH A GOAT. She wears a red 
frock with a blue petticoat, and is feeding a goat with apples. On the 
right lies a sheep. On the left are tall trees. To the right is a view 
over the country, with cows, and a town in the far distance. The child's 
face seems to have been over-cleaned. But the whole effect is very good; 
the longer one studies the picture, the better one likes it. 

Signed "A. CUYP" ; canvas, 46^ inches by 61 inches. 

Exhibited at Copenhagen, 1891, No. 37. 

In the collection of Consul H. Konow, Copenhagen. 

147. Portrait of a Girl aged about Six. She stands almost 
facing the spectator. She wears a dark green dress slashed and trimmed 
with yellow, a white lace apron, collar and cap, and holds a rose. She 
has blue eyes and brown hair. Behind her is a chair with a red leather 
seat and back, near a dark curtain. 

Panel, 35 inches by 32 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 84. 
In the collection of the Earl of Northbrook, London, 1889 catalogue, 
No. 43. 

148. PORTRAIT OF A LITTLE GIRL. Full-length. She 
is dressed in red, like a shepherdess. She sits at the foot of a tree in a 
landscape. In the right foreground lies a sheep ; at the back are three 
other sheep and two cows. 

Signed on the tree, A. Cuijp ; panel, 30 inches by 40 inches. 

Exhibited at DUsseldorf, 1886, No. 67. 

Sales. Andringa de Kempenaer and others, Amsterdam, May 1 6, 1877, 

No. 6. 
Freiherr Eduard von Niesewand of Muhlheim, London, June 9, 

1886, No. 46. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

148*7. A Girl with a Pot of Linseed-Cakes. Half-length. 
Panel, 15 inches by n| inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 106 (50 florins, with No. 106*, "A Man carrying Fish," 
Fouquet). 

148^. Portrait of a Girl. She is playing with a dog that stands on 
a table covered with a cloth. By Cuyp or in his manner. 
Canvas, 1 8 inches by 14 inches. 
Sale. Dr. Luchtmans, Rotterdam, April 20, 1816, No. 33 (5 florins 50). 

VOL. II E 



50 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

148^. A Girl with a Sheep. [Compare 143 and 157^.] 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 18, 1819, No. 6 1 (6 florins, Pakker). 

149. Portrait of a Young Girl aged Twelve or Fourteen. 

She wears a black silk frock, and an embroidered kerchief. She holds 
an embroidered purse in her right hand and a spray of flowers in her 
left. 

Panel, 28 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May I, 1837, No. 119 (220 francs). 

149*. Portrait of a Little Girl. Full-length. 

Panel, 45 inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. Brussels, September 27, 1842, No. 36. 

i49/>. Head of a Girl. 

Sale. Lord Waldegrave, London, 1842 (6 1 6 : 6s., Chaplin). 

150. Portrait of a Little Girl. She strokes a sheep with one 
hand, and gives it a leaf to eat. She wears a chaplet of flowers, a thin 
yellow silk frock, a white kerchief, and a girdle of blue silk. 

Dated 1655 ; panel, 26 inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. Cardinal Fesch, Rome, March 17, 1845, No. 56. 

1500. The Young Shepherdess. 

Sale Thomas Purvis, London, June I, 1849 (55 : 135., Ryan). 

150^. A Girl. She wears a yellow dress, with flowers, and offers a 
rose. Apparently a pendant of No. 51 in the sale catalogue. 
Panel, 1 6 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Daiwaille, Rotterdam, March 7, 1851, No. 7. 

150^. Portrait of a Young Girl leading a Foal. Fine colouring. 
Panel, 44 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Antwerp, November 3, 1851, No. 25. 

1 50^. Portrait of a Girl. Half-length : fine colouring. 
Panel, 24^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 20, 1856, No. 41. 

i$oe. Portrait of a Girl. 

Signed in full ; canvas, 44^ inches by 33^ inches. 
Sale.M. Wolff, Berlin, May 25, 1857, No. 442. 

151. Portrait of a Little Girl. Full-length. She is in white, and 
stands at the entrance to a park, holding a greyhound in a leash. 
[Compare 132^.] 

Sale. Th., Paris, May 8, 1869, No. 13. 

151*. Portrait of a Little Girl. She leads a goat in a leash. 
Canvas, 50 inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. V. Bauchau and others, Brussels, February 3, 1874, No. 13. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 5 i 

15 1. Portrait of a Young Girl. 

Canvas, 25^ inches by 19 inches. 

In the Carolus collection, Rome. 

Sale. V. Bauchau and others, Brussels, February 3, 1874, No. 14. 

152. Portrait of a Young Girl. She sits in a landscape, making 
a nosegay of the flowers which she has plucked. To the right are 
a sheep and a he-goat. In the background are some trees and a cow 
in a pasture. The child's age is inscribed in the left-hand bottom 
corner: " Aetatis VII." [Pendant to 132.] 

Canvas, 49! inches by 38 inches. 

Sales. Malfait of Lille, Paris, December 19, 1864. 
Auguiot, Paris, March i, 1875, No. 4. 

1520. Portrait of a Young Girl, Half-length, standing. She has 
fair hair. She wears a green kerchief, with a collar and a white apron, 
and holds a pink in her right hand. 

Panel, 23 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Neville D. Goldsmid of The Hague, Paris, May 4, 1876, No. 26. 

153. Girl with a Goat and a Sheep. A girl dressed in red and 
blue stands facing the spectator. She gives a bunch of apples to a goat, 
whose horn she holds with her left hand. Near the goat lies a sheep. 
To the left are trees. At the back is a landscape with cattle and an 
arbour. 

Signed on the right, A. cuyp. ; canvas, 45 inches by 59 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1879, No. 164. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 3. 

In the collection of Sir William Fitz Herbert, Bart., London, 1879. 

154. Portrait of a Young Girl of Good Family. She sits on a 
red chair, wearing a yellow silk dress richly trimmed with lace, and a large 
white lace collar. She has many rows of pearls at her wrists and neck. 
She holds her closed fan in both hands. Her hair hangs loose on her 
shoulders. [Pendant to 132^.] 

Dated in the top left-hand corner, " Ao. 1 643 " j panel, 28 inches by 
23! inches. 

Sale. Clave-Bouhaben, Cologne, June 4, 1894, No. 216 (2900 marks, with 
pendant). 

154*7. Portrait of a Little Girl. She wears a dark frock trimmed 
with lace, a white pinafore and a coloured cap. She sits on a red cushion, 
facing the spectator. Beside her to the left is a little dog, which gives 
the child its paw. In the left-hand top corner is a coat-of-arms, on a light 
ground a dark chevron, between three trefoils. 

Canvas, 30 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Wurster, Cologne, June 15, 1896, No. 69. 

154^. Portrait of a Girl in Green. 

Panel. 

Sale. London, April 3, 1901, No. 106. 



52 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

i54c. A Girl in Green with a Dog. 
Panel. 

Sale. London, April 3, 1901, No. 107. 

154^. A Young Girl. In a grey dress with ribbons, with a parrot. 
Canvas, 44 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. The late Alexander Nesbitt of Uckfield, London, April 15, 1901, 
No. 97 (j68 : 53., Murray). 

154*. A Girl in White with a Doll. 

Dated 1639 ; oval panel, 27^ inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Buckley and others, London, May 4, 1901, No. 123. 

I54/ Portrait of a Girl. Full-length, standing. She is in white 
with a blue sash, and holds a garland and nosegay of flowers. To the left 
is a dog. 

In the left upper corner are inscribed the girl's age and the date, 1640 ; 
panel, 38 inches by 27^ inches. 

Sale. Wasimski and others, Frankfort-on-Main, May 20, 1901, No. 34. 

154^. Portrait of a Young Girl. In a rich dress, with a cap. 
Panel, io inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. Henry Milner, London, December 6, 1902, No. 27. 

155. PORTRAIT OF A GIRL. She is dressed in red and white, 
and has brown hair. The face has the red colour characteristic of Cuyp. 
The tone is not bad. Probably a fragment of a larger picture. 

In the collection of J. Lcnglart of Lille, sold in Paris 1902. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinbergcr. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer. 

1550. Portrait of a Young Girl. In green, with a wreath of 
flowers. 

Panel, 23 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. London, March 14, 1903, No. 7 (12 : is. : 6d., Glen). 

i55/'. A Child holding a Bird. 

Panel, 24 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. London, June 22, 1903, No. 113 (j : 75., James). 

155^. Portrait of a Girl. A fair girl, with soft hair framing her 
face. She wears a flowered frock with wide skirts and yellow leather 
shoes, and holds a pink in her left hand. The floor is paved with black 
and white tiles. The background is dark. 

Signed, "Aetatis suae 4. | Ao. 1639 | A. Cuyp."; panel, 41^ inches 
by 30^ inches. 

The date is early for A. Cuyp, and suggests that the signature has been 
altered from " J. G." to " A." 

Sale. J. L. Mcnke, Brussels, June I, 1904, No. 18. 

155^. Portrait of a Girl. Full-length. The girl stands, turned to 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



53 



the left but facing the spectator. She holds a parroquet in her right hand, 
and has a fan in her left. She wears a grey dress, a white apron and lace 
collar, and red ribbons, with a gold chain passing over her left shoulder. 
Dark background. [Compare 154^.] 
Canvas, 43 inches by 30! inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, No. 86. 
Then in the collection of Mrs. Richard Terrot. 

156. Girl holding a Flower. A young girl, wearing a black jacket 
and red skirt with white linen collar, cuffs, and hat, stands holding her 
gloves in her right hand and a flower in her left. Beside her is a table 
with a red cloth, on which are books. To the left is a garden with 
tulip-beds. 

Panel, 35 inches by 26^ inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger, 1903. 

Sale. Lawrie and Co., London, January 28, 1905, No. 78 (1260, Lawrie). 

156*. Girl holding a Fowl. 

Panel, 12^ inches by io| inches. 

Sales. Lady Wetherall and others, London, April 1 8, 1903, No. 83 

(8 : 8s., Souchet). 
London, May 8, 1905, No. 91. 

156^. Girl with a Goat. A little girl, aged about five, leads a goat. 
She has fair hair and blue eyes, and wears a green frock with a cap, collar, 
and cuffs. At the back is a landscape with buildings, figures, and animals. 

Canvas, 22 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. A. G. de Berghe, Brussels, June 7, 1906, No. 27. 

156^. Portrait of a Girl. In black, with a white lace collar, cuffs, 
and cap. She holds her gloves and a book. 
Panel, 32^ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. London, July 20, 1906, No. 115. 

157. PORTRAIT OF A CHILD. Aged about three. She 
wears a wine-coloured frock richly embroidered with gold and jewels, and 
a feathered cap. To the left are two lambs' heads. In the right back- 
ground is a flock of sheep. The sheep recall very clearly the work of 
J. G. Cuyp. 

Sixteen-sided panel, 25 inches by 28 inches. 

Exhibited at the Rembrandt Exhibition of Fred. Muller and Co., Amsterdam, 
1906, No. 29. 

Sale. (first) Raedt van Oldenbarneveld, Amsterdam, November 6, 1900, 

No. 26 (6225 florins, Van Nulck). 
In the Y. collection, Holland. 

157*7. Portrait of Children. 

Canvas, 24 inches by 2o inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September I, 1817, No. 137. 

157^. Portrait of a Child in Antique Dress. 

Panel, 43 J inches by 31 inches. 



5 4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Salf.G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 87 (5 florins, 
Lamme). 

i57<r. Portrait of a Child. In old Dutch dress, with a sheep; life 
size. Fine in colour and handling. [Compare 148^.] 
Panel, 38^ inches by 9 inches ( ?). 
^.Rotterdam, October 18, 1843, No. 12 (76 florins, Chaplin). 

i ^d. Portrait of a Child with a Goat. 

Canvas. 

Sale. Antwerp, February 24, 1851, No. 83. 

157*. A Child seated. Holding a rattle, and playing with a Danish 
puppy. 

Sa/e.M., Paris, March 26, 1866, No. 82. 

iS7/ Portrait of a Child with a Bird. 

23! inches by 17 inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer Larkin, 1892, No. 49. 

i$jg. A Child with a Dog. 

46 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Maclean, London, November 15, 1902, No. 99. 

157^. A Boy and a Girl. They are richly dressed in velvet, and 
sit with a lamb under a tree in a wooded landscape. Some game hangs on 
a tree to the right : two dogs watch it. In the foreground are a basket 
of flowers and a gun. To the left is a landscape vista. 

Canvas, 27 inches by 39 inches. 

In the Perdoux collection, Paris. 

In the possession of the Berlin dealer Henry Weustenberg, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 33. 

158. THREE LITTLE SHEPHERDESSES OF GOOD 
FAMILY, WITH SHEEP (Portraits). The little girl in front 
sits in profile to the left, and turns her head to the spectator. Her rose- 
trimmed straw hat hangs down in her left hand ; with her right she holds 
out a thistle to a lamb on the left. Her two young sisters stand behind. 
On a slight elevation in the right background are sheep. An early work, 
still in the style of Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp. 

Signed ; canvas, 48 inches by 48 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 121). 

In the collection of Ig. Th. von Pachner, Vienna, 1820. 
In the collection of J. Tschager, Vienna. 

In the Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Tschager bequest, 1899 catalogue, 
No. 634. 

159. THREE CHILDREN (said to be Cuyp's), or, The 
Young Shepherdesses. Sm. Suppl. 41. On the right two girls 
sit in front of bushes and trees. The elder turns half left, and looks at 
the spectator. She wears an orange-coloured frock, and is weaving a 
garland of flowers. At her feet lies a sheep, with its head to the right, 



vii AELBERT CUYP 55 

and half behind it is another sheep. The second girl, in blue, also looks 
at the spectator ; a garland lies in her lap. She holds out some grass to 
a sheep, and lays her right hand on its head, above which is seen the head 
of another sheep. In the centre is a view towards a river, on the farther 
bank of which rises a church tower. On the left is the girls' little brother, 
dressed in scarlet, who leads a lamb by a string with his right hand and 
holds a little stick in his left. In front of him are large-leaved plants. 
All the figures are life size. It is a summer afternoon. 
Canvas, 60 inches by 69 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 479). 

Sales. (Probably) A. Paillet, Paris, June 2, 1814 (640 francs) ; mentioned 

by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 300, but he seems to 

give the height wrongly as 48^ inches. 
John Webb, London, 1837 (.315, bought in). 
In the collection of John Anderson, Coxlodge Hall, 1857. 
Sale. H. A. J. Munro of Novar, London, June I, 1878, No. 32 (525, 

Agnew, for Lord Overstone). 
In the collection of Lady Wantage, Lockinge, 1902 catalogue, No. 55. 

160. TWO CHILDREN WITH A GOAT. A girl in yellow, 
with her head bare, sits holding a shepherd's crook. She offers a twig to 
a goat, which a little boy in a broad-brimmed hat, kneeling, holds by its 
head. The figures are life size. The picture was at times ascribed to 
J. G. Cuyp, but is unquestionably by Aelbert. 

Canvas, 49^ inches by 40 inches. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2344 (old No. 107). 

i6o<7. Mother with Three Children. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 9, 1818, No. 83. 



Two Children (twins). In a landscape. 
Sale. H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September n, 1820, No. 37 
(20 florins, Buntink). 

161. Three Little Girls. Life size. They are playing with a 
sheep in the open. 
Signed. 

In the collection of Matthew Anderson, Jesmond Cottage, near Newcastle 
1 8 57 (Waagen, Suppl. 480). 

i6ia. Two Children with a Sheep. Their ages are inscribed on 
the picture. Behind them to the left is the head of a roe-deer ; to the 
right are two cows and a sheep. In the foreground lie mussels, pearls, 
and coins : a clumsy little dog barks at the sheep. 

Signed, "A. Cuyp 1638 " ; panel, 35^ inches by 48^ inches. 

If the date is correct, the picture is probably by J. G. Cuyp. 

Sale. Leipzig, March 31, 1845, No. 198. 

In the Ritterich collection, Leipzig, 1863 (Parthey, i. 720-21). 



Children playing- with a Dog. 
Last in the possession of Von Landauer, Stuttgart, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 



5 6 AELBERT CUYP SCT. 

i6ic. Two Children with a Cat A fair boy, naked to the waist, 
sits up in bed, with a cat on his knees. Another child brings him an 
apple. 

Canvas, 26^ inches by ii\ inches. 

Sale. Forst and others, Cologne, December 13, 1899, No. 27. 

i6id. Two Children. They are dressed in rich coloured garments, 
and are resting at the edge of a wood. They have two lambs and a dog 
with them. 

Canvas, 27 inches by 39 inches. 

Sak.F. Jaeger and others, Berlin, October 21, 1902, No. 139. 

162. FOUR CHILDREN IN A LANDSCAPE. On the right 
sits a girl in a white satin dress, with green and yellow lined sleeves, a 
pearl necklace, and a pearl chain in her fair hair. She holds her flower- 
trimmed straw hat on her lap, and leans forward to pick up a flask. To 
the left three boys stand in a group. The eldest in the centre wears a 
purple-grey dress and sandals ; he takes two rabbits from the boy on the 
left, who wears a red velvet tunic with sleeves slashed with white. The 
third boy, also in red, laughingly lays his hand on the back of a white 
he-goat, which faces the spectator. To the left is the head of a greyhound. 
Behind the group is a clump of trees against a blue sky with clouds. On 
the girl's staff is a monogram that probably refers to the sitters but has 
been wrongly identified as that of J. G. Cuyp. The picture is certainly 
by A. Cuyp, and does not represent the children of the Prince of Orange 
as the owner supposes. 

Signed on the right with the genuine signature, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 
55 inches by 63 inches. 

In the collection of the Prince de Soubise before 1800. 

Sale. (Possibly) A. J. Petit, Malines, July 5, 1826, No. 134. 

In the collection of the Comtesse Jouvencel, Passy ; offered for sale in 
London, May 1907, by the Warden of the Robert Browning Settlement, 
Walworth. 

162*. A Portrait. By A. or J. G. Cuyp. 
Sale. The Hague, July 19, 1822, No. 4 (4 florins). 

162^. View of the Old Town of Antwerp. There are boats on 
the water, and figures. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. H. van der Heuvel and J. Hackefort, Rotterdam, April 1 8, 1816, 
No. 103 (28 florins, Kieboon or I. D. Luboon). 

163. VIEW OF THE RIETDIJK GATE OF DORDRECHT 
FROM THE RIVER. In the centre are several ships and a windmill. 
To the right the masts of a ship are seen above the houses. The water 
recalls the work of Van Goyen, but the little figures are quite in the style 
of A. Cuyp. With the help of this picture, the Rotterdam picture (177), 
formerly attributed to L. Verschuier, can be assigned to Cuyp. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 1 7 inches 
by 25 inches. 

In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 12 ; acquired in 1895. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 57 

164. VIEW ON THE MAAS AT DORDRECHT. Sm. 187, 
1 88, and Suppl. 52. The mirror-like Maas fills the whole foreground. 
In the background of the left half are the church and houses of Dordrecht, 
with sailing-ships near the shore and a big barge with sails furled lying at 
anchor. In the background of the right half is the low-lying opposite 
bank of the Maas. There are fishing-boats under sail, and farther right a 
raft of timber with three men and a barge. " Of the most esteemed 
quality" (Sm.). [Compare 274 and 631.] 

The picture was formerly divided in two halves, as described by Sm. 
in 1834. The portions were reunited by the London dealer Brown, 
1841. 

Canvas, 27! inches by 74^ inches. 

Etched by P. J. Arendzen. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 202) and by Hofstede de Groot, Nollandsche 
Kunst in Engelsche f^erzamelingen. 

A copy of the right half is in the Rijksmuseum, 1907 catalogue, No. 747 ; 
see Six and Bredius, Bulletin of the Dutch Antiquarian Society, 1900, pp. 154 
and 201. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1887, No. 75 ; and at 
the Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1900, No. 31. 

Sale. Lady Stuart, London, 1841 (.1102 : los. and .1522 : los. for the 
left and right halves respectively, Brown). 

Sold by Brown to James Holford, 1841-2 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Major J. L. Holford, London. 

165. VIEW OF DORDRECHT FROM THE RIVER. 

Almost the same composition as 164, but there are no reeds in the 
foreground and the lighting is rather different. The clouds are not 
painted in Cuyp's usual style. A very good picture. 

Signed in full on the raft to the right ; canvas, 38^ inches by 52^ 
inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 94. 
In the collection of Lord Iveagh, London. 

166. THE OLD DORDRECHT FERRY- HOUSE. In 

winter, with sportsmen and dead birds in the foreground. In front to 
the left is a group of dead birds a swan, an eagle, a duck, and two 
smaller birds at the foot of three tree-trunks. Behind them stands a 
sportsman, seen in profile to the right, who is shooting at some wild 
duck flying high up on the right ; his dog is behind him. In the middle 
distance on the right is a frozen river on which five men are driving to 
the right in a sleigh, meeting two sportsmen with a dog. Behind them 
on the farther bank is the old ferry-house of Dordrecht, which occurs also 
in 167. On the ice to the left of it are many figures with horses and 
sleighs. 

Signed ; canvas, 46^ inches by 66| inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer Buttery, who bought it from Lord 
Algernon Percy of Guy's Cliff. 

Sale. Lawrie and Co., London, January 28, 1905, No. 79 (.2310, Sulley). 
In the possession of the London dealers Sulley and Co. 



5 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

i66a. View of Dordrecht. 

Sale. London, 1767 (21). 

167. The Old Dordrecht Ferry -House. To the left, on the 
bank of the Maas, is the old Dordrecht ferry-house (see 166). In the 
centre foreground six shepherds sit on the ground in a circle ; a seventh 
stands behind. By the water to the extreme right sits another man. 
Beyond him are two sailing-boats near the bank, with figures standing. 
There are clouds in the sky. 

15 inches by 2i inches. 

Described from the engraving in the Choiseul Gallery. 

In the collection of the Due de Choiseul, sold in Paris, April 6, 1772, and 

1793- 

i67</. View of Dordrecht in a Storm. [Perhaps identical with 
167*.] 

Sale. Earl of Halifax, London, April 19, 1782 (67, Nisbet). 

167^. View of Dordrecht. 

Sale. Delahante, London, 1811 (189 : I o., Yarmouth). 

167*:. View of Dordrecht in a Storm with Lightning. [Perhaps 
identical with 167*7.] 

In the Carlton House collection. 

Sale. T. Barber, London, 1862 (66 : 33., Peacock). 

16 jd. View of Dordrecht. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 757. 
In the collection of Lady Rolle. 

167*. View of Dordrecht. A man and woman, a sheep, and boats. 

17 inches by 2i inches. 

Sale. W. Delafield, London, April 29, 1870 (170, Nieuwenhuys;. 

167/1 View of Dordrecht. With numerous fishing-boats on the 
river, and others lying at anchor. Small boats, with figures in the 
foreground. 

Panel, 28 inches by 46 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson and others, London, March 16, 1901, 
No. 68 (162 : 153., Lane). 

168. THE AVENUE AT MEERDERVOORT NEAR 
DORDRECHT, WITH FIGURES. Sm. 115, and Suppl. 23. 
Almost in the centre is an avenue of trees leading away into the distance. 
In the foreground of this, a young man in red stands holding a horse and 
a pony by their bridles. The pony, which is in front, is seen in profile to 
the left ; the horse behind turns its head to the front. To the left, on 
the edge of the track, lies a cow with its head to the right ; behind it, 
another cow, in profile to the left, goes down a bank into the meadow 
which is at a somewhat lower level than the avenue. Between the first 
cow and the young man is seen a gentleman riding up the avenue ; to the 



vii AELBERT CUYP 59 

right of him, down the avenue, stand a woman and two boys. In the left 
distance is the chateau of Meerdervoort. To the right is the Maas, with 
Dordrecht on the farther bank. Beside a canal running parallel to the 
avenue sit two anglers. It is a fine evening. A good picture. 
Canvas, 29^ inches by 39^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tr'esor de la Curtosite, ii. 425. 
Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1892, No. 53. 
Sales. P. de Smeth van Alphen, Amsterdam, August I, 1810 (according to 
Demidoff sale catalogue). 

Sereville, Paris, January 21, 1812 (10,000 francs). 

Duchesse de Berry, Paris, April 4, 1837, No. 46 (18,900 francs) 
previously offered for sale in London, 1834 (for j8oo). 

Demidoff of San Donato, Paris, April 18, 1868, No. 2. 
In the collection of Sir Richard Wallace. 
In the Wallace collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 51. 

169. THE AVENUE AT MEERDERVOORT. With cows 
and riders in the foreground. The composition is identical with 168, but 
is somewhat wider. 

Signed on the left ; 28^ inches by 41 inches. 

Sale. Macalester Loup, The Hague, August 20, 1806, No. 93 (960 

florins). 
In the collection of Earl Cowper, Panshanger. 

170. THE RUINS OF THE ABBEY OF KONINGSVELD 
NEAR DELFT. Sm. 62. The ruins fill the left half of the picture. 
In the right foreground are a horseman with his back to the spectator and 
two men on foot. To the left of them are two other men with a waggon 
and a grey horse. A small part of a house is visible on the extreme 
right. Beyond it is a range of lofty hills which the painter invented for 
the occasion. It is a fine summer evening. 

Panel, 18 inches by 30 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 48). 
Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 38. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 16, 1797 (500 florins). 
In the collection of Lord Francis Egerton, London, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, London, 
No. 207. 

171. A COW-HERD NEAR THE RUINS OF KONINGS- 
VELD. In a bare landscape. In the right foreground is a man on a 
grey horse, with his back to the spectator : beside him, to the left, is a 
man on foot. On the right is a herdsman with cows. 

Signed in full ; 17^ inches by 24 inches. 

Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 39. 

In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, London, 
No. 235. 

171*7. View of Leyden. Fishermen in the foreground. Sunshine. 

Panel, 22 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 13, 1829, No. 28 (12 florins). 



60 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

172. RUINS OF THE HUIS TE MERWEDE (or, Cattle 
watering in a River). Sm. 134. The great ruins are seen in the right 
middle distance. In front of them are five cows, lying or standing. One 
cow stands in the river, which fills the whole of the left side. On the 
river are numerous sailing and rowing-boats. In the distance to the left 
lies Dordrecht. It is a very good and unusually sunny picture. One of 
the cows was introduced by Van Strij, according to Sm. 

Signed on the left-hand boat "A. cuyp " ; panel, 21 inches by 
33 inches. 

Sale.}. F. Tuffen, London, April 1 1, 1818 (157 : ios.). 

In the Valedau collection, Paris, 1834 (Sm.) ; the collection was bequeathed 
to Montpellier in 1836. 

In the Montpellier Museum, Valedau bequest, 1900 catalogue, No. 666. 

172*. The Castle of Mutten (Muyden?). A gentleman with 
attendants walks along the shore. 
Canvas, 43 inches by 57 inches. 
Sale. F. H. de Groof, Antwerp, March 20, 1854, No. 92. 

173. THE CASTLE OF VALKENHOF, WITH FIGURES. 

A castle with a high square tower above the arched gateway fills most 
of the right side of the picture. Some ruins are visible over the walls, but 
these are not the familiar buildings of Valkenhof. To the left is a view 
across a stream over a plain, which resembles the country round Nym- 
wegen. In the foreground are a countryman in a red jacket with a 
basket and a gentleman on a dappled-grey horse followed by a dog. At 
the back, in front of the castle, are numerous other figures, one of them 
on horseback. On the river are a few little boats. It is evening. 
[Compare 174, which is almost identical.] 

Signed A. Cuyp ; canvas, 44^ inches by 65 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 98. 

Sale. John Newington Hughes, London, April 14, 1848 (745:103., 

Baron Rothschild). 
In the collection of Mr. Alfred de Rothschild, London. 

174. TRAVELLERS AND OTHERS NEAR THE RUINS 
OF THE CASTLE OF NYMWEGEN. Sm. 260. The ruins 
of the castle of Nymwegen fill a large part of the picture. A high square 
tower rises above the arched gateway. On a broad road in the left fore- 
ground are a countryman in a red jacket with a basket and a gentleman 
on horseback followed by a dog. Near the walls of the castle are other 
persons conversing ; some are seated at the back. On the river are a few 
little boats. There is a wide view over an open and cultivated country. 
It is a sultry summer evening. An excellent picture, almost identical 
with 173. 

Canvas, 45 inches by 51 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 28). 

In the collection of the Earl of Ashburnham, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Lady Ashburnham, London. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 61 

175. COWS AND A HORSEMAN 6Y THE RIVER- 
SIDE NEAR NYMWEGEN. Sm. 181. Parallel to the lower 
edge of the picture is a narrow strip of land, the bank of the Waal which 
flows away into the distance. On an eminence to the right is the town 
of Nymwegen with its castle, houses, and walls on the riverside. To the 
left are a vessel with three men, and other boats. On the farther shore 
extends a bare plain, seen under the beautiful and tender grey sky of a 
summer morning. In the foreground are two men of rank on horseback, 
facing right, a herdsman, a woman, and five cows which are watering in 
the river. 

Canvas, about 40 inches by 58 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 333) and by W. Btlrger, Tresors d y Art en 
Angleterre, p. 268. 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 710. 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, Woburn Abbey, No. 367 ; it 
was there in 1834 (Sm.). 



View of Nymwegen. 

Sale. Sir G. Colebrooke, London, April 22, 1774 (j34 : IOs -> Chauncy). 

175^. View of Nymwegen. 

Sale. H. R. Rigby, London, January 9, 1789 (262 : ios.). 

176. THE RUINS OF THE CASTLE OF UBBERGEN, 
NEAR NYMWEGEN, WITH HORSEMEN AND CATTLE 
(or, Ruined Castle in a Lake). Sm. 118. An old ruined castle with 
round towers at the corners stands in a lake. In the distance behind it is 
a lofty hill, with trees growing down to the water's edge on the left. On 
the road beside the lake, beyond and to the right of the castle, are a lady 
and gentleman, a cow lying down, and two cows standing up. In the right 
foreground, on the edge of the lake, is a rider on a black horse, with his 
back to the spectator ; he converses with a shepherd, who stands to the 
left, also with his back to the spectator. His five sheep are resting near 
him. Both figures stand out dark against the clear water. It is evening. 
" This little picture, although simple in its composition, possesses every 
charm for which the master is so justly admired" (Sm.). 

A sketch for the picture is in the Albertina ; it bears the name of the 
castle, which is not far from Nymwegen. 

Panel, 12 J inches by 21 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (i. 409), and by C. Blanc, Le Tr'esor de la Curiosite, 

" 331- 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1821. 

Bought at Hoorn from an old clothes dealer (for fifteen pence, according to 
Sm.). 

Sales. De Preuil, Paris, 1811 (6000 francs). 

Lapeyriere, Paris, April 14, 1817 (8000 francs). 

Imported into England by La Fontaine. 

Sale. La Fontaine, London, 1822 (462, bought in). 

In the collection of Sir Robert Peel, Bart., 1834 ; he bought it from 
La Fontaine (for about 367 : ios., Sm.). 



62 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Acquired with the Peel collection for the National Gallery, 1871. 
In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 824. 

177. THE OLD OOSTPOORT, ROTTERDAM. This gate 
was built about 1611-13 an( ^ demolished in 1836. On the right is the 
gate ; in the centre is the bastion with a windmill on it. Along the wall 
is a pathway protected by an iron railing on the side of the water. At 
the end of the bastion this path leads through a wooden gateway over a 
drawbridge, with wooden balustrades. Under this gateway stands a man. 
To the left, in the corner of the picture, on this side of the ditch over 
which the drawbridge is thrown, two gentlemen stand talking. One has 
his face to the spectator, the other his back. The latter wears a red 
dress and a black hat, and wears a sword in a bandolier. To the right, 
beside them, is a dog. In the middle distance, to the left, are the red 
roofs of the town, seen in the light of the setting sun. 

This picture, described as " resembling the school of Cuyp," was 
gratuitously attributed in the 1892 catalogue to L. Verschuier ; it was 
said to represent a hitherto unknown period in his development. In the 
supplementary catalogue of 1905 it was attributed to A. Cuyp. The 
similar signed picture of the Rietdijk Gate at Dordrecht (177) makes 
A. Cuyp's authorship unquestionable. 

Panel, 25 inches by 19 inches. 

In the collection of M. J. van Dam van Noordeloos. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 60 (old 
No. 285). 

178. The Castle of Rupelmonde. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 16, 1851, No. 17. 

178*. View near Delft. In the middle of a river is a fort built on 
arches, and approached from either bank by a drawbridge. To the left 
is a high building, with another beyond it. A woman descends some 
steps from the fort to the river. On the bank in the foreground a man 
is fashing. 

Panel, 17 inches by 2i inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1908, 
No. 77. 

In the collection of Lord Ribblesdale, 1908. 

179. Cows by a River, with a Shepherd and a Woman. On the 

bank of a river flowing through the middle distance are seven cows ; five 
are lying down, the sixth, a dark cow, stands in profile to the right, and 
the seventh is in full face. Farther away is a flock of sheep. Near a 
stunted tree, on the extreme right, the shepherd, with a basket on his arm, 
stands conversing with a milkmaid. On the farther bank of the river are 
the houses and the church of a village. There are four sailing-boats on 
the river. 

Panel, 19 J inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Scarisbrick, London, May 1861. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 63 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1905, No. 6. 
Now in America. 

180. A COW AND OX IN A MEADOW NEAR A FARM. 

Sm. 165 and Suppl. 25. A red ox stands near a stable in profile to the 
left. Beside it a black cow is lying down. In the immediate foreground 
are three pigeons. To the right are a farmhouse and a hayrick. To the 
left is a view over a meadow, with two cows lying down, towards a village. 
Evening. [Pendant to 763.] [Compare 752.] 

Signed on the chimney of the farmhouse A. C. ; panel, 15^ inches by 
22 inches. 

Sales. M. van Coehoorn, Amsterdam, October 19, 1801, No. 15 

(no florins, Spaan). 
(Possibly) G. Muller, Amsterdam, April 2, 1827, No. 18 (550 florins, 

J. de Vries) the catalogue entry is apparently imperfect. 
A. W. C. Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5, 
1851, No. ii (2500 florins, Brondgeest) ; it was in this collection, 
1834-42 (Sm.). 

In the Van der Hoop collection, Amsterdam. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Van der Hoop bequest, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 746. 

181. A SHEPHERDESS AND HER FLOCK. To the left, 
in a hilly landscape, a young shepherdess sits on the ground. She is 
facing right, and turns her head to the spectator. She wears a brown 
skirt, red jacket, white collar, and a large straw hat, and holds a crook in 
her right hand. On the right, a little in front of her, lies her dog. The 
sheep are grazing partly on a gentle slope in the right foreground, partly 
in the left middle distance. In the centre foreground are large-leaved 
plants. In the distance rises a church tower. 

Canvas, 28^ inches by 39 inches. 

Sale. C. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 26 (4000 francs, Goud- 

stikker). 
In the possession of the Amsterdam dealer Goudstikker. 

182. THE PASTURE. On the right, a shepherd, shepherdess, 
and two boys are resting under a tree. A dog sleeps in front of them, 
and numerous goats and sheep are resting, while cattle stand at the back. 
A peasant is ploughing on high ground in the distance. Near the shore 
of a river fishermen are at work in two boats. A work of Cuyp's 
middle period, and one of the best pictures by him in Germany. 

Signed, in the right-hand bottom corner on a stone, A. Cuyp ; panel, 
38 inches by 69^ inches. 

In the Mannheim Gallery. 

In the Augsburg Museum, 1899 catalogue, No. 638. 

183. COWS IN A PASTURE BY A RIVER. Sm. 248. 
In the foreground four cows are lying down. On rising ground to the 
left are two men and a girl ; one man, holding a long stick, is seated, and 
the other stands holding some rods. It is a fine warm evening. A good 
picture. 



64 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Panel, 15 inches by 19 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 397). 

In the collection of the Duke of Rutland, Belvoir ; it was there in 1834 
(Sm.). 

184. TWO COWS WITH A SHEPHERD AND 
SHEPHERDESS. Sm. 280. In the right foreground, on the 
slope of a wooded hill, a large brown cow lies in profile to the left. To 
the right, behind her, a black and white cow stands with her head to the 
spectator. Almost in the centre of the middle distance lies the shepherd ; 
he wears a broad-brimmed hat and leans his head on his right arm, as he 
looks out of the picture. Near him to the left, but farther back, stands a 
young shepherdess, facing the spectator ; she holds a staff in her left hand 
and points with outstretched right hand towards the left. Here the 
view extends over a river landscape glittering in the delicate morning 
light. In the left foreground are bushes and leafy plants. In the distance 
are a few sheep. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 40 inches by 53 inches. 

Exhibited at Dtisseldorf, 1904, No. 295. 

In the collection of Lord Coventry, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. Wynn Ellis, London, 1876 (1197 : ios., Nieuwenhuys). 

In the collection of the late A. von Carstanjen, Berlin. 

185. COWS AND SHEEP BY A RIVER. On gently rising 
ground two cows are lying down ; a third, which is black, stands behind 
them, facing right. In front of the cows four sheep are resting, and four 
others are at the foot of a tree in the right background. In the left fore- 
ground are great stones near the water. Beyond is the river, with woods 
on the opposite shore. 

Signed, A. Cuijp ; canvas, 26 inches by 32 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 12. 

Sale. Baron Koenigswarter of Vienna, Berlin, November 20, 1906, No. II 
(72,000 marks). 

In the collection of Oscar Huldschinsky, Berlin. 

1 86. HERDSMEN AND A HERD OF COWS (or, Sunset 
after Rain). Sm. 195. Three herdsmen are with a herd of nine cows. 
In the left middle distance is a row of trees. In the foreground are 
bushes. The sunlight gleams through rain-clouds. A good, if not a 
first-rate, example of the master's mature style ; warm in tone. 

Signed on the left, A. Cuyp ; panel, 32^ inches by 27 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1876, No. 75, by 
Lewis Fry. 

In the collection of William Wells, Redleaf, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Lewis Fry, Clifton, near Bristol, No. 32. 

187. COWS IN A PASTURE WITH A HERDSMAN. 

On the river-bank sits a herdsman, wearing light-blue breeches and a 
white shirt, near five cows. It is earlier than 188. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 65 

188. COWS WITH A HERDSMAN. Five reddish - brown 
cows are in a flat landscape. A herdsman in red sits near, with his back 
to the spectator. The sky is clouded. Of the master's good period. 

Signed in full. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

189. COWS AND HERDSMEN IN A LANDSCAPE. In 

the foreground are three cows and two herdsmen. At the back are 
horsemen. It is much over-cleaned but probably genuine. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

190. CATTLE AND HERDSMEN. In a wooded landscape. 
Much damaged. 

Signed in the left-hand corner. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

191. A Herdsman with Cows in a Pasture. A young man 
with a stick on his right shoulder stands, with his back to the spectator, 
under a tree on the left. Near him to the right stands a red ox (or young 
cow) with a white head, turned to the left but looking at the spectator. 
Behind it is a dark grey animal in profile to the right. In the immediate 
foreground lies a red and white spotted cow, looking to the right. 
Behind it is another dark grey cow, with its tail towards the spectator ; 
its left horn turns down, its right horn upwards. 

Panel, 16 inches by \i\ inches. 

Sales. James Backer, London, 1855. 

G. A. F. Cavendish Bentinck, London, 1891. 

In the collection of Vernon Watney, Cornbury Park, Charlbury, Oxford- 
shire. 

192. CATTLE: EVENING. On rising ground near a river-bank 
are eight cows, one of which is standing up. On the opposite bank are a 
town and other buildings. Blue sky with clouds. A good work of 
Cuyp's last period. 

Panel, 2i| inches by 30^ inches. 

Mentioned by C. Hofstede de Groot, Oud Holland, xi. 212. 
Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, No. 80. 
In the collection of Arthur Sanderson, Edinburgh, 1903. 
Sale. Arthur Sanderson, London, July 3, 1908, No. 89 (89 : 53., 
Bryde). 

193. A SHEPHERD AND HIS FLOCK. Sm. 141. A 
flock of sheep are seen in the light of the setting sun in a meadow. The 
grass is intersected by strips of sandy soil ; a few big stones are scattered 
about the foreground. The shepherd stands on the left, leaning on his 
crook and almost turning his back to the spectator ; his dog sits behind 
him. In the right middle distance is a thatched barn ; in front of it a 
donkey-driver, riding on the pack-saddle behind a tub, converses with a 
countryman. A broad plain stretches away to the horizon, the edge of 
which shimmers vaguely in the mist of the summer air. In the distance 
are fields and a river, on the farther side of which are two church towers. 
VOL. n F 



66 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

It is a work of the artist's maturity. " An example of great excellence 
and beauty " (Sm.). 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 19^ inches 
by 29^ inches. 

A copy, perhaps by the same hand as the copy in Lord Carlisle's gallery, 
is in a private collection in Brussels. 

Exhibited at the British Gallery, 1823. 

Etched by J. Eisenhardt. 

Sale. Alexis de la Hante, 1821 (325 : los.). 

In the collection of W. Beckford. 

In the collection of Colonel Hugh Baillie, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sales. Erard, Paris, 1831. 

Schneider, Paris, April 6, 1876 (Stadelsches Kunstinstitut). 

In the Stadelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort -on -Main, 1900 catalogue, 
No. 307. 

194. Six Brown Cows and a Herdsman. To the left is a palace, 
as in 2. 

Signed in full on the right ; the signature may or may not be genuine. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

195. COWS AND SHEEP WITH HERDSMEN. In the 

foreground are cows, a herdsman, a milkmaid with pails, and sheep in a 
fold. Beyond is a landscape surrounded by hills. To the right is a 
house. It is evening. The picture is genuine but completely ruined. 
Dr. Bode thought that it was not genuine, any more than its pendant 
(365). [Compare 272.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Hofstede de Groot, Qud Holland, xi. 138. 

In the collection of John Graham Gilbert, bequeathed to Glasgow in 1877. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 252. 

196. COWS AND HERDSMEN NEAR NYMWEGEN. 

The walls and roofs of the fortress, as well as the hills and trees and the 
placid river that reflects the town in its waters, are all bathed in golden 
sunlight. The roof of the tower on the left is destroyed. In the 
foreground on a bank are cows and herdsmen. To the left lies a fishing- 
boat. There are dark grey clouds in the clear sky. 

The picture appears to be genuine in spite of a false signature in the 
right-hand bottom corner. 

Panel, i8| inches by 28 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 722). 

In the Gotha Museum, 1890 catalogue, No. 293. 

197. Six Cows in a Landscape. In a riverside pasture are six 
cows. One is being milked by a woman ; two are lying down. In the 
foreground are two brass milk-pails and a yoke. In the distance is a boat 
on a river, and beyond it is a windmill. Blue sky with clouds. Dark but 
transparent. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 25 inches by 35 inches. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 67 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 310). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, 
No. 96. 

In the collection of the Marquess of Linlithgow, Hopetoun House, 
Scotland. 

198. COWS IN A PASTURE. Sm. 122. In the foreground 
are four cows. A yellow and a red one are lying down ; the other two 
stand up on the farther side of them. Beyond are the herdsman and a 
few sheep. Farther back, near the centre, a shepherd and shepherdess 
are sitting together. On the left is a distant view. It is a fine sunny 
evening. The picture is golden in tone. 

Signed in full ; octagonal panel, 8 inches by 9^ inches. 

Engraved by Page. 

Possibly identical with the octagonal picture which the surgeon Jacob 
Houcke sold in Leyden, 1669, with other pictures (A. Bredius). 

Sales. C. A. de Calonne, March 23, 1795 [or 1788, according to Sm.] 



General Craig, London, April 18, 1812 51 : 93.). 

G. Watson Taylor, London, June 13, 1823 (81). 

G. Watson Taylor, Erlestoke, 1832 (134 : 8s.). 

Richard Sanderson, London, June 17, 1848 (117: I2s., Seguier) 

it was in this collection in 1834 (Sm.). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer Bourgeois. 
In the collection of Baron Albert von Oppenheim, Cologne. 

199. A RIVER LANDSCAPE WITH COWS. On a river- 
bank to the right are four cows, near some bushes. In the distance are 
the towers and houses of a town. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 20 inches by 25 1 inches. 

In the collection of Antoine Brasseur. 

In the Lille Museum, A. Brasseur bequest of 1885 ; 1893 catalogue, 
No. 215. 

200. COWS IN A PASTURE NEAR THE WATER. Sm. 

242. Near a clear stream are four cows ; a black and white cow and 
another one lie down, and two others stand up. (Waagen says that three, 
not two, are lying down.) Near them a man and woman are seated on a 
bank. A line of trees, among which is seen the roof of a house, leads 
the eye to the ruins of a castle ; near it, some cows stand in a river which 
fills the left side of the picture. In the foreground are ducks. A pail 
and a large bottle are placed on a wooden bridge. 
Canvas, 37 inches by 52^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 20). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1826 and 1827. 

In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, where it was in 1834(8111.). 

201. COWS IN A PASTURE BY A RIVER. Sm. 73. 
On a bank in deep shadow in the foreground are eight cows, seven of them 
lying down. Near them is a peasant in a red jacket, who leans on a stick 
and talks to a woman seated, with a little girl standing by her. In the 



68 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

middle distance is a river, with sailing-boats. On the farther shore are 
the ruins of a town. It is a cloudy evening. 

Signed, " A. cuyp " ; panel, 23 inches by 28^ inches. 

Mentioned by J. A. Crowe, Handbook of Painting, Part II. p. 461 ; and by 
Waagen (ii. 344). 

Engraved by R. Cockburn. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 100. 

In the collection of Noel Desenfans, London, 1801. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 192 
(old No. 239). 

201 a. Cattle near the Maas (Merwede) with Dordrecht in the 
Distance. On the right is a group of cows with a milkmaid. On the 
left is the Maas with ships ; beyond it are the church and houses of 
Dordrecht. A threatening cloudy sky. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 29^ inches by 41 inches. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue No. 144 
(old No. 243). 

202. FOUR COWS IN A PASTURE. Sm. 202. Four cows 
are under a tree on a grassy slope in the left foreground. A brown and 
white spotted cow lies in front, with a dark cow beyond her. The two 
others, a red cow with a white head and a dark cow, are standing up. To 
the right is a view over the country towards distant hills. It is evening. 
"This picture is of the most esteemed quality" (Sm.). 

Panel, 17^ inches by 14 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1892, No. 83. 

Sales. (Probably) Jan van der Marck, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, No. 48 

(310 florins, Fouquet). 
Jeremiah Harman, London, May 17, 1844 (420, Baker) in this 

collection in 1834 (Sm.). 

J. Baker, London, 1855 (131 : 55., Hickman). 
T. Howard, London, 1873 (546, Agnew). 
In the collection of Lord Iveagh, London. 

203. COWS AND HERDSMEN IN A PASTURE BY A 
RIVER. Sm. 75. On the river-bank in the foreground a herdsman in 
red stands, with his back to the spectator, conversing with a woman who 
sits on the ground. She points to a road on which are two youths, one of 
them riding on a donkey. On a slope in the centre are seven cows. 
Beyond is a hilly landscape, with the tower of a castle in the distance. It 
is a fine summer evening. A very good picture. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 25 inches by 33^ inches. 
Engraved by Vivares. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1883, No. 243 ; and 
at the London Guildhall, 1894, No. 51, and 1903, No. 176. 
Sale. Henry Penton, London, 1800 (242 : i is.). 
In the collection of Lady Mildmay, Dogmersfield, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Sir Henry St. John Mildmay, Bart., London. 

204. CATTLE AND FIGURES IN A ROCKY LAND- 



vii AELBERT CUYP 69 

SCAPE. In a landscape with rocks on the right, a flock of sheep are 
resting near a tree on the slope almost in the centre. Farther away are a 
cow and a herdsman. To the left is a rather dark distant view, with a 
ruin and three cows near a placid stream. In the foreground are three 
shepherds, and a shepherdess, who converses with a countryman under a tree. 
There are other sheep and figures. 
Canvas, 19! by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. no). 

In the collection of James Morrison, London. 

205. FIVE COWS AND A BULL BY A RIVER. Sm. 223. 
The animals are grouped on the side of the high bank of a river which 
fills the left half of the picture. The bull, almost black, lies a little away 
from the cows in the centre foreground. A pale-yellow cow is also lying 
down, but the other four stand up. The sky is overcast, with faint 
sunshine. "Painted in the artist's broad and vigorous manner" (Sm.), 
like its pendant (393). 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 163). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1877, No. 78, and 
1891, No. 81. 

Sale. Lord Radstock, London, May 12, 1826. 
In the collection of Abraham Robarts, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

206. A HERD OF COWS WITH A HERDSMAN ON A 
RIVER-BANK. Sm. 149, and Suppl. 55. On the right, near the 
centre, six cows are lying on the gently sloping bank of a river, which 
winds away into the plain towards the left. A seventh cow, black and 
white spotted, stands on the right in profile to the right, with its head up. 
On the river-bank to the left, the herdboy in red, wearing a large hat, 
and having his back to the spectator, sits holding a stick as if he were 
angling. On the opposite bank, to the extreme left, are a house and a 
windmill. It is a fine summer evening. An excellent work. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 24^ inches by 35^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 336) ; W. Burger, Tresors d* Art en Angleterre, 
p. 271; and Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 446. 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 712 ; and at the Royal Academy 
Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 87. 

Sale. R. Bernal, London, 1824 (313 : 195., M. Zachary). 
Sold by Zachary to Frederick Perkins, before 1834 (Sm.). 
Sales. Comte de Perregaux, Paris, December 8, 1841, No. 6 (18,000 francs 
or, according to Sm., 21,000 francs plus 5 per cent, for Baron 
Delessert). 

(Perhaps) Paul Perrier, Paris, 1843. 

Baron F. Delessert, Paris, March 15, 1869, No. 17 (92,000 francs). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1894, No. 6. 

In the collection of Rodolphe Kann, Paris. 

In the collection of George Salting, London, who exhibited it in 1903. 

207. CATTLE ON A RIVER-BANK. Under two trees in the 



7 o 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



left foreground, which is in shadow, a brown cow stands, feeing left. To 
the right of it a brown-and-white spotted cow is lying down. Farther 
back between them is seen a black cow, lying down with its head to the 
spectator. In the right foreground are large-leaved bushes ; beyond them 
is a placid stream, the opposite bank of which rises up into low hills. In 
the centre distance is a round tower. Sunny background. 
Panel, 13! inches by 20 inches. 

Etched by P. J. Arendzen. 

Mentioned by C. Hofstede de Groot, Hollandsche Kunst in Engelsche 
Perzamelingen. 

In the collection of Sir Richard Wallace. 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 180. 

208. A SHEPHERD WITH HIS FLOCK. Sm. 205. In 
the centre a man in red, mounted on a dark chestnut horse with his back 
to the spectator, is speaking to a man and woman, who stand to the right 
at his horse's head. In the right foreground, close to the other figures, 
are a little boy standing and a shepherd seated. In the centre and left 
foreground are sheep. Beyond them is seen a landscape, with a castle, and 
a hill in the distance to the right. [Pendant to 489.] 

Panel, 13 inches by n inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 1 60). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 

In the Wallace collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 255. 

209. A SHEPHERD WITH HIS FLOCK. Sm. 173. A 
group of four sheep, three of which stand in a pen while the fourth lies 
outside. The shepherd reclines in the foreground, with a brass can and 
a milk-bowl at his side. On the right is a goat lying down. " Painted 
in the artist's finished manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, 13^ inches by 26 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 167). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1895^0.43. 
In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, London, 1888 catalogue, 
No. 12 ; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

210. Cows in a Pasture near a River. On a narrow strip of 
river-bank in shadow, in the foreground, seven cows are grazing ; two 
of them are lying down. Beyond is a broad river with numerous sailing- 
boats. The sky is cloudy with a fine effect of light. 

In the collection of Sir W. Van Home, Montreal, Canada. 

211. Cattle in a Pasture by a River. In the foreground is a herd 
of cattle ; a cowherd and his dog are lying down in front of them. In 
the right middle distance a man is leading a horse along the river-bank. 
Farther left, a soldier is watching some fishermen who are pulling in a 
net. Beyond them are two boats, one with its sails up. Beyond the 
sailing-boat are two houses on the farther bank. In the far distance, on 
the extreme left, a town is faintly seen on the horizon. A glowing 
sunset sky. 



viz AELBERT CQYP 71 

Signed, "A. cuijp."; panel, 31 inches by 41^ inches. 

Given by Henry J. Marquand to the Museum in 1890. 

In the Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1905 catalogue, No. 260. 

212. Cows and a Herdsman. In a pasture by a river lie four 
cows, three of them facing left. A fifth stands on the right, with its tail 
to the spectator and its head to the left. On the extreme right sits the 
herdsman. On the still surface of the stream to the left are two sailing- 
boats j there are trees on the opposite bank. 

In the collection of H. C. Frick, New York. 

213. TWO COWS IN A PASTURE. Sm. Suppl. 39. In the 
foreground a red cow is lying down, in profile to the left ; a black and 
white cow stands behind with its head to the left. In the left middle 
distance are a cottage and a windmill in a flat landscape. It is morning. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, n| inches 
by 14! inches. 

In the collection of Frederic Kalkbrenner, Paris, 1842 (Sm.) ; bought from 
him, January 1846, by Dutuit. 

In the Petit Palais des Beaux-Arts, Paris, Dutuit collection, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 897. 

214. COWS AND SHEEP WITH A HERDSMAN. At 

the foot of three trees on the left are two cows, facing right. One is 
lying down ; the other, a reddish-brown animal, stands with its head 
down. To the left are some sheep. On the right sits a herdsman, 
wearing a black hat and brown jacket and holding a stick under his arm. 
His brown and white dog lies at his feet. In the distance are a hill and 
a village. Evening light. A very good picture. 
Panel, 17 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Kums, Antwerp, May 17, 1898, No. 99 (28,000 francs, Le Roy). 
In the collection of S. de Jonge, Paris. 

215. CATTLE AND SHEEP IN A PASTURE. In the 

right foreground a brown and white spotted cow stands in profile to 
the left. Behind her, partly cut ofF, lie two others, a black and a brown. 
To the left is a group of four sheep lying down and a goat standing up. 
On the extreme right at the back the herdsman stands talking to a 
woman. The man wears a red coat with grey sleeves ; the woman, who 
is seen full face, wears a blue jacket with a white kerchief and a yellow 
skirt. In the distance are mills and the church tower of Dordrecht. A 
cloudy sky at sunset. [Compare 752.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, \i\ inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. Vicomte du Bus de Gisignies, Brussels, May 9, 1882, No. 18. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 8. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

216. CATTLE IN A FLAT LANDSCAPE. On the right is 
a group of cows ; two brown cows are lying down and a grey cow is 
standing up. Near them, but closer to the centre, are six sheep and a 



7 2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

goat. A milkmaid approaches from the right background. A hay-cart 
with two black horses stands in the left background. In the foreground 
are three ducks in a pond. This belongs to the half-mature period, about 
1645. 

Signed in full on the ground to the left ; 55 inches by 86 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealers F. Kleinberger and Wildenstein. 
In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

217. COWS AND HERDSMEN IN A PASTURE. In the 

centre a cow lies in profile to the right ; behind her a dark cow stands in 
profile to the left. Behind this again lie three others, facing right, with 
the herdsman, who converses with a woman. She has her back to the 
spectator ; beside her stands a little boy. In the extreme right foreground 
are large-leaved plants. In the middle distance, to the left, are a river and 
a range of hills. A stork flies above. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 43^ inches 
by 51 inches. 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris ; purchased as a whole, 
August 1907, by the London dealers, Duveen Brothers; 1907 catalogue, No. 32. 
In the collection of B. Altman, New York. 

218. COWS AND HERDSMEN. Sm. 136. In the foreground, 
which is overgrown with bushes, three cows are grazing. Near them are 
two herdsmen ; one, wearing a red jacket, is seated. In the distance are 
a hill and water. It is a fine afternoon. "An admirable example of the 
master" (Sm.). 

Panel, 19 inches by i8 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. no), and by C. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, 

"- 331. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1819. 

Sale. Lapeyriere, Paris, April, 14, 1817 (6010 francs). 

In the collection of Alexander Baring, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sales. Edmund Higginson of Saltmarsh Castle, London, June 4, 1846. 

J. Bond, London, 1874 (3150, G. Baring). 
In the collection of Lord Ashburton, London. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

219. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS. To the left are some trees 
and three cows lying down ; to the right is a river with boats carrying 
turf, and sailing-vessels. A false signature " A. v. S." has caused some to 
attribute it to A. van Strij ; but it is unquestionably by A. Cuyp. 

Canvas, 10 inches by 16 inches. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

In the collection of A. de Ridder, Cronberg, near Fran k for t-on- Main. 

220. SHEEP IN A PASTURE BY A RIVER. In the right 
foreground are two figures ; on an eminence is a flock of sheep. 

In the collection in the Palace, Pawlosk. 

221. Landscape with Cattle. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 73 

Signed ; panel, i6| inches by 2i inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 42. 

In the collection of Count Bloudoff, St. Petersburg. 

222. A HERD OF COWS WITH HERDSMEN. Six cows 
are on a pasture sloping to the right. One cow, grazing in the middle, 
is seen in three-quarter view from the right. The others fill the right 
half of the picture. In the foreground a dark-spotted cow lies in profile 
to the left ; behind her, another faces right. The other three stand at the 
back in profile to the left. To the right of these the herdsman converses 
with a woman ; she has her back to the spectator, and carries two pails on 
a yoke. In the left middle distance is a flat landscape. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. London, July 25, 1907 (99 : 155., Huggins). 
In the possession of the London dealers Dowdeswell. 
In the collection of John G. Johnson, Philadelphia. 

223. LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE. A yellow cow and two 
brown cows lie in a pasture. Behind them stands a black cow, turning 
towards the herdsman who stands to the right near a cow hill. In the 
left distance is a village with a broad tower. 

Signed indistinctly in the left-hand bottom corner ; panel, 15 inches 
by i8| inches. 

Sales. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 47. 
In the collection of Baron Johann von Pouthon, Vienna. 
In the Rudolphinum, Prague, 1889 catalogue, 196. 

224. Two Herdsmen with Cows. Three cows are in the fore- 
ground, and others on a mound to the right. To the left is a view over 
a plain, at sunset. The attribution is not quite certain. 

Panel, 23 inches by 28^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1902, 
No. 136. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond. 

225. Landscape with Cattle. 

In the collection of J. Diaz Carneiro, Rio de Janeiro ; purchased in that 
city (E. Michel, Gazette des Beaux-Arts, August 1907, p. 149). 

226. Cows under Trees near Water. 

In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

227. A HERD OF COWS IN A PASTURE BY A 
RIVER- BANK. Sm. 207. A herd of seven cows six are lying 
down on the bank of a river which fills part of the foreground. In the 
distance is an old square tower; a few sailing- boats are on the river. 
A fine evening after rain. 

Panel, 28 inches by 35 inches. 
Mentioned by Parthey (i. 721). 



74 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

In the collection of Graf Czernin von Chudenitz, Vienna, No. 119; it 
was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

227*. Cattle in a Pasture near Dordrecht. 

17^ inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 28, 1756 (Terw. 151), No. 66 (15 florins 10). 

22 7^. A Small Landscape with Cows and Figures. 

Sale. (Supplementary) G. and W. van Berckel, Amsterdam, March 24, 
1761, No. 113. 

227*. A Small Landscape with Cows and Figures. 

Sale. (Supplementary) G. and W. van Berckel, Amsterdam, March 24, 
1761, No. 114. 

22jd. Cows in a Fine Landscape. 

Sale. Leyden, June 15, 1764 (Terw. 369), No. 7 (60 florins). 

2271. Landscapes with Sheep, Cows, and Donkeys. 

Canvas, 32 inches by 40 inches. 

Sale. Isaac Hermansen, Middelburg, March 4, 1767 (Terw. 581), No. 12 
(30, 8 gr.). 

227/1 Landscape with Cows. 
Panel, 13 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Isaac Hermansen, Middelburg, March 4, 1767 (Terw. 581), No. 13 
(115:1*8.). 

227^. Landscape with Cows, Sheep, and Figures. 

19^ inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Schwencke, The Hague, October 6, 1767 (Terw. 645), 
No. 17 (50 florins). 

22 7 h. Cattle in a Pasture by a River. 
1 6 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Schwencke, The Hague, October 6, 1767 (Terw. 648), 
No. 1 8 (40 florins). 

227;. Cows, Sheep, and a Herdsman in a Landscape. 

Panel, 15 inches by 23 \ inches. 

Sale. Van Nispen, The Hague, September 12, 1768, No. 28 (2 florins 4, 
Bescheij). 

227;. Sheep and Goats in a Fine Landscape. 

13 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Dordrecht, November 7, 1768 (Terw. 484), No. 8 (115 florins). 

228. Hilly Landscape. Oxen, sheep, and goats are lying down, 
and a donkey stands up on the left ; to the right is a wood. [Possibly 
identical with 232.] 

Canvas, 28 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 13, 1770, No. 171 (16 florins). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 75 

228*. Landscape with Figures and Cattle. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 13, 1770, No. 305 (7 florins 75). 

228^. Cows and Sheep near a Barn. 

Canvas, 42 inches by 6o|. 

Sale. Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 39 
(385 florins). 

228*:. Landscape with Cattle. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. D. Schorer, Middelburg, April 15, 1771, No. 78 (5 : 153., P. van 
de Cappello). 

229. Four Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 4. Two cows are lying 
down, and two others standing up. To the left are two trees. In the 
distance are trees and hills. [Similar to 263 and compare 29 1#.] 

Panel, 17^ inches by 13^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. ill. 
Sales. Randon de Boisset, Paris, February 3, 1777, No. 47 (1094 francs). 
Lambert and Du Porail, Paris, 1787 (3000 francs, Lebrun). 

229*. Landscape with two Cows, a Cottage, and a Hayrick. 

By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Panel, 16^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. (Perhaps) Gerard van Oostrum, The Hague, September 23, 1765. 

(Terw. 490), No. 32 (17 florins). 

Huybert Ketelaar, Amsterdam, June 19, 1776, No. 45 (n florins 
50, Strubink). 

230. Five Cows with a Herdsman. Sm. 183. On the edge 
of a copse lie four cows, two of them whitish-brown and two reddish- 
brown ; a fifth dark-spotted cow stands on the bank of a river, on which 
are several vessels. Sm. counts seven cows in all, adding two dark cows 
that lie down. The herdsman, wearing a white shirt and blue breeches, 
sits on a bank to the right, with his stick beside him. On the opposite 
side of the river are a few houses and trees. [Possibly identical with 302.] 

Panel, 19^ inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. N. NieuhofF, Amsterdam, April 14, 1777, No. 39 (760 florins, 
Wubbels). 

230^7. Sheep and two Herdsmen. The men are conversing. 
One holds a pack-ass. A fine landscape. 
Canvas, 24 inches by 30^ inches. 

Sale. Jacob Spex, The Hague, May 21, 1777, No. 160 (23 florins). 

230^. Landscape with Cows standing and lying down. 

Panel, 21 inches by 26| inches. 

Sale. Chevalier Dormer, Antwerp, May 27, 1777, No. 104 (16 francs). 

230*:. Two Cows in a Pasture with Figures. A yellow cow 
stands up ; a grey cow is lying down. Behind them stands a boy. In 



76 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

the foreground are plants and bushes. Two travellers, one standing, the 
other seated, are near a piece of water. 

Canvas, 37 inches by 47 inches. 

Sale. Jan Maul and others, Leyden, September 28, 1782, No. 19 (265 
florins, Heenk). 

231. Four Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 8. The cows are standing 
and lying down. A boy with a stick on his shoulder is watching them. 
A hilly landscape. 

Panel, 1 6 inches by 12^ inches. 

Sales. P. van Spijk, Leyden, April 23, 1781, No. 20 (250 florins). 

J. van der Maas, and the widow of P. van Spijk, Rotterdam, June 
30, 1783, No. 119 (205 florins, Van Akeren). 

232. Cattle in a Pasture with Herdsmen. On the right under 
two tall trees are two he-goats. On the left are cattle standing or lying 
down. Farther away are an ass, a countryman seated and his wife. In 
the distance are hills. [Possibly identical with 228.] 

Canvas, 20 inches by 28 inches or the reverse. 

Sale. P. Locquet, Amsterdam, September 22, 1783, No. 70 (40 florins, 
Wyland). 

233. Two Cows lying down and one standing. In a landscape. 
With sheep and other cows in the middle distance. 

Panel, 19 J inches by 24^ inches. 

In the Kassel Academy, 1783, No. 71, but not there now. 

234. Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 32. In the foreground are bushes 
and the stump of a tree. In the middle distance are cows, some standing, 
some lying down. A fine summer day. 

Panel, 20 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingcland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 96 (245 florins, Beekman). 

234*. Landscape with Figures and Cattle. 

Panel, 20 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. J. B. Horion, Brussels, September I, 1788, No. 161 (530 francs). 

235. Landscape with Sheep. In a hilly landscape traversed by a 
river a countryman is driving a waggon along a road uphill to the right. 
On the hill are sheep with two shepherds, one reclining, the other 
standing. On the river-bank some men are washing sheep. In the 
distance is a village. 

Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 14, 1791, No. 26. 

235*7. Cattle by a River. In the background are some sailing-boats. 
By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 9, 1792, No. 106 (6 florins 10). 

235^. Landscape with a Herd of Cattle. 

Sale. London, 1792 (131, brought in). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 77 

235*:. Two Cows and an Ox in a Pasture. Sm. 45. 

Panel, 9! inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Julliot, Paris, 1793 (970 francs). 

235^. A Boy tending Sheep. Sm. 48. 

16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sa/e. Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart., London, May 29, 1794 (17 :6 : 6). 

235*. A Farm with Sheep, Goats, and Figures. Sm. 49. 

15 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart., London, May 29, 1794 (17 : 1 7s.). 

23 5/ Landscape with Cows on the Banks of a Canal. Sm. 

58. "A clear and beautiful picture" (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 247. 

Sale. C. A. de Calonne, London, March 23, 1795, No. 58 (147). 

236. Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 41. To the left is a herd of six 
cows ; three stand in front, and another stands on a bank. Near them is 
the herdsman leaning on his stick. Some ruins and a castle are seen in 
the distance. 

Panel, 19 inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. C. A. de Calonne, Paris, 1788 (1240 francs). 

236,2. Cattle and Figures in a River Landscape. Sm. 59. 

Sunshine. 

Sale. Van der Gucht, London, 1796 (.624. : 153.). 

237. Two Cows in a Hilly Landscape. Sm. 46. Two cows 
stand near a mass of rocks partly covered with trees. Near them a 
herdsman stands leaning on his stick. Farther away are three other figures. 
In the distance are hills. 

Canvas, 36 inches by 40 inches or by 44 inches (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 261. 
Sales. Destouches, Paris, March 21, 1794 (1200 francs). 

John Trumbull, London, February 17, 1797, No. 19 (48:65., 
Price). 

2370. Cows in a Hilly Landscape. 

Panel, 18 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. A. Bout van Lieshout, and Will. Thornbury, The Hague, May 3, 
1797, No. 10 (3 florins 1 8, Valette). 

237^. Five Cows standing. On a grassy hill by a river, on which 
in the distance are two sailing-boats. 
Canvas, 16 inches by 23 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, June 21, 1797, No. 44 (32 florins, Ruijter). 

237*:. Three Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 60. Two are lying 
down. 

Panel, 15 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Wattier, Paris, 1797 (1510 francs). 



78 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

237^. Cattle in a Warm Landscape. Sm. 64. "Painted in 
the master's broad manner and richly coloured" (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 282. 

Sale. Michael Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 26 (61 : 195.). 

237*. Cattle and Figures in a Landscape. Sm. 65. A fine 
summer morning. "A very clear and brilliant picture" (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 291. 

Sale. Michael Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 39 (110 : 55.). 

237/1 Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 63. "A clear and beautiful 
landscape" (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 279. 

Sale. Michael Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 49 (93 : 95.) 

238. Two Cows with a Herdsman. On a rising ground are two 
cows, one lying, one standing, with a herdsman. In the distant landscape 
flows a river alive with shipping. 
Panel, i6| inches by 20 J inches. 

Sale. C. Groeninx van Zoelen and others, Rotterdam, June 25, 1800, 
No. 1 6 (18 florins, Cramer). 

238*7. Landscape with Cattle. Sm. 76. 

Sale. Earl of Bessborough, London, February- March, 1801 (409 : ios.). 

238/1. Landscape with Cattle. 

Sale. Sir W. Hamilton, London, 1801 (.94 : ios.). 

239. A Flock of Sheep and Goats with Shepherds. Sm. 77. 

On the bank of a river to the right two goats are browsing. In a pasture 
near are three shepherds with a flock of sheep. On the left is a tree, 
with a group of cattle in an enclosure near it. The distant plain looks 
chalky and barren. 

Sale. Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (110 : 55.) 

240. A Small Landscape with Cattle and Figures. Sm. 79. 
In the foreground are two cows, one standing the other lying down. 
Near a tree on the left are a few sheep. 

Sale. Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (.24: 33.). 

241. A Bull standing in a Landscape. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; 5^ inches by 1 1 inches. 

Sale.C. van Hardenberg, Utrecht, September 20, 1802, No. 17 (21 florins, 
bought in). 

241*7. Three Cows in a Sunny Landscape. Sm. 86. 

Sale. Walsh Porter, London, 1803 (315). 

242. Cows and Herdsmen in a Pasture. Sm. 100. In the fore- 
ground of a pasture near a farm are two cows, one red, the other black 
and white. Near them are two herdsmen ; one is reclining, the other 



vii AELBERT CUYP 79 

stands with his back to the spectator. Farther to the right are ten more 
cows and three rustics in the shadow of a mountain. In the foreground 
are plants and tree-trunks. In the distance is a river, and beyond it are 
sandhills and mountains. It is early morning in summer. A similar 
composition, larger in size, is (330) at Dulwich. 

Canvas, 13 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Paris, 1803 (13,500 francs). 

2420. Landscape with Figures and Cattle. 

Sale. Bryan, London, May 7, 1804 (220). 

243. Eight Cows in a Pasture. Three figures are on a hill in the 
middle distance. 

Canvas, 31 inches by 42 inches. 

In the Mertens collection. 

Sale. Van Nypols and others, Antwerp, July 15, 1805, No. 116. 

243*. Cattle standing or lying down in a Hilly Landscape. 

Sale. J. E. Grave and others, Amsterdam, May 5, 1806, No. 250. 

244. Cattle and Figures in a Hilly Landscape. Sm. 87. In the 

middle distance flows a river. Farther off are buildings. It is a fine 
morning. 

Sale. Lord Rendlesham, London, June 20, 1806 (230 or 346 : los., 
according to Sm.). 

245. Cattle by a River. Sm. 88. In the foreground are groups of 
cows. On a hill at the side are the ruins of an old tower. On the river 
are numerous vessels. " The glow of a summer sun completes the charm 
of this excellent picture " (Sm.). 

Sale. Lord Rendlesham, London, June 20, 1806 (.350 or ^346:105. 
according to Sm.). 

245*7. Landscape with Cattle. Sm. 104. Three cows in the 
foreground, and six others on a hill. [Possibly identical with 265.] 

Sale. Hastings Elwyn, London, 1806 (178 : IDS., Hill). 

246. Cows by a River. Sm. 16. On a hill by a river, two cows are 
lying down ; a calf stands near some trees. In the middle distance are 
high hills } a tower among trees is seen in the distance. A fine evening. 
[Pendant to 526.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 75 (401 florins, Beekman). 
P. de Smeth van Alphen, Amsterdam, August i, 1810, No. 20 

(1005 florins, Spaan). 

Note. Sm. mentions three pictures in the Smeth van Alphen sale (Sm. 16, 
95, 99), although only two were put up for sale. He probably confuses Sm. 99 
with the picture of a similar subject, No. 10 in the L. B. Goclers sale, 
Amsterdam, August 7, 1 8 1 1 (see 247 below) ; this, again, may be the same as 



8o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sm. 1 6, for though Sm. here mentions two oxen lying down and one standing, 
the sale catalogue and also Sm. 99 speak of two cows lying down and a calf. 

246*. A Fine Landscape with Cattle, Buildings, and Figures. 
Sm. no. 

Sale. William Campion, London, 1810 (315). 

246^. A Landscape with Cattle and Figures. Sm. in. A 

warm evening effect. 

In the Crawford collection. 

Sale. William Campion, London, 1810 (325 : ios., Colonel H. Baillie, or 
Bayley, according to Redford). 

247. Cows in a Pasture. Sm. 99. In a hilly landscape traversed by 
a river, two cows are lying on a low eminence in the foreground ; a calf 
stands near some trees. Broadly painted. [See note to 246.] 

Panel, 13 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. L. B. Coders, Amsterdam, August 7, 1811, No. 10 (899 florins, 
Roos). 

247*. Landscape with Cattle. 

Sale. Delahante, London, 1814 (84, Woodburn). 

248. Seven Cows with a Herdsman. On a hill six cows are lying 
down while one stands up. Near them is the herdsman. A fine distant 
view under a cloudy sky. [Compare 248^.] 

Panel, 25 inches by 36^ inches. 

Sale. H. van der Heuvel and J. Hackefort, Rotterdam, April 18, 1816, 
No. 3 (820 florins, Lamme). 

248*7. Three Cows and a Calf in a Hilly Landscape. 

Panel, io| inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September I, 1817, No. 372. 

248^. Cattle in a Pasture with a Herdsman seated. [Compare 
248.] 

Panel, 25 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. A. Harssevoort, Rotterdam, November 4, 1817, No. 2 (700 florins, 
Lamme). 

248^. Landscape with Cattle, standing or lying. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 13, 1819, No. 17 (80 florins, Vinkeles). 

248^. Three Cows on a River-Bank in a Hilly Landscape. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 16, 1819, No. 44 (4 florins 15, Van Yperen). 

248*. Cattle and Figures on a River-Bank. Sm. 274. 

Sale. Robert Stone, London, 1821. 

249. Three Cows in a Pasture by a River. Sm. 143. In the 
foreground, on a little hill, two cows are standing while one is lying down. 
At the side is a canal with sailing-boats ; in the distance is a town. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 81 

Panel, 20 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Brentano, Amsterdam, May 13, 1822, No. 76 (825 florins). 

250. A Shepherdess with a Dog and a Flock of Sheep. The 

dog sits beside the shepherdess. The sheep are standing or lying down in 
front of trees. It is broad and vigorous, in the style of Potter. 
Panel, 28 inches by 36 inches, 

Sale. S. J. Stinstra and others, Amsterdam, May 22, 1822, No. 34. 

251. Cattle and a Herdsman at a Bridge. At a bridge in the 
foreground are a man seated and a few cattle. 

Panel, 19 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Abraham van Twist and others, Amsterdam, September II, 1822, 
No. 13. 

251^. Cattle standing and lying down near Water. With 
figures. 

Panel, 22^ inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Abraham van Twist and others, Amsterdam, September u, 1822, 
No. 14. 

25 1. Cattle standing and lying down, in a Hilly Landscape. 
Panel, 15^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Abraham van Twist and others, Amsterdam, September n, 1822, 
No. 15. 

251*:. Cattle standing and lying down, in a Hilly Landscape. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Abraham van Twist and others, Amsterdam, September u, 1822, 
No. 1 6. 

251^. A Cow standing up and two Sheep lying down. 

Panel, io| inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Abraham van Twist and others, Amsterdam, September II, 1822, 

No. 17. 

251*. Cattle and Figures in a Fine Landscape. 

Canvas, 17 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 52 (4 florins 15). 

25 1/ Landscape with numerous Cattle. 
Panel, 18 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 53 (8 florins 10, S.). 

252. Fine Landscape in a Storm. Two cows in the foreground. 
[Pendant to 668.] 

Panel 13 inches by II inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 58 (3 florins 10, with pendant). 

253. Cattle and Herdsmen. On a hill near their cattle are a 
herdsman and a woman. In the distance is a village by a river. 

Panel, ii\ inches by 33^ inches. 

Sale. J. Roelofs, Amsterdam, March 8, 1824, No. 47 (35 florins). 
VOL. II G 



82 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

253*. Three Cows with a Peasant. On the left of a landscape 
through which flows a river. By Cuyp or after him. 
Canvas, 18 inches by 24 inches. 
Sale. J. R. van Breuklerswaert, Amsterdam, May 10, 1824, No. 28. 

253^. Cattle and Figures. In the distance is a village with many 
figures. 

Canvas, 34 inches by 57 inches. 

Sale. F. van Ravenstyn, Antwerp, July 17, 1824, No. 7 (400 florins). 

254. Cattle with Herdsmen in a Pasture. A group of many 
cattle is in the foreground. A herdsman and a woman are resting, not 
far away, on a mound in the shadow of trees behind them. 

Panel, 19 inches by 23^ inches. 

In the collection of Baron von Bedernau. 

Sale. Baron von Castell, Hamburg, July 21, 1824, No. 149. 

255. A Pasture by a River. In the shadow of many trees a 
herdsman is watching two cows, a sheep, and a goat. A peaceful river 
flows past and forms a waterfall near a hill which is crowned with a 
castle. Sunset. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 21 inches. 

In the collection of Prince Georg of Dessau. 

Sale. Baron von Castell, Hamburg, July 21, 1824, No. 151. 

256. Three Cows with a Herdsman. Near high trees in the 
foreground are three cows ; the herdsman sits on a river-bank. In the 
distance are buildings in a hilly landscape. [Compare 258.] 

Canvas, 22^ inches by 27 1 inches. 

Sale. H. A. van der Heuvel and others, Utrecht, June 27, 1825, No. 1 1 
(170 florins, bought in). 

2560. Four Cows with a Herdsman. In a hilly landscape. The 
cows are standing or lying down. 
Panel, i6 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Widow of Joh. Ph. de Monte, Rotterdam, July 4, 1825, No. 5 
(1010 florins, Lamme). 

257. Four Cows resting on a Hill. They are watched by a 

herdsman. In the distance is a town. 
Panel, 14 inches by 1 8 inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 15 
(600 florins). 

258. Three Cows under High Trees. They are in the foreground, 
with a man seated on the bank of a clear stream. Beyond is an expanse 
of hilly country. [Compare 256.] 

Canvas, 22^ inches by 27^ inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, April 27, 1827, No. 5 (80 florins, Hardenberg). 

258*. Landscape with Cattle, at Sunset. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 83 

Canvas, 23^ inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Bennet, Leyden, April 10, 1829, No. 27 (31 florins, Chaplin). 

258^. Cows at Pasture. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 139 (86 florins, Tais). 

258*:. Cows at Pasture. 

Canvas, 14 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. P. J. de Marneffe, Brussels, May 24, 1830, No. 78. 

259. Three Cows with a Herdsman. Sm. 94. In the foreground 
are three cows. One is yellowish- red, another is brownish-red ; both 
these are lying down. The third, a dun-coloured cow, is standing beyond 
them. The herdsman, with his back to the spectator, sits on a bank 
on the left. Beyond a wall are seen a church and houses. It is a sultry 
evening. 

Panel, 20 inches by 29 inches. 

Sales. Lord Berwick, London, 1825 (147). 

Thompson Martin, London, 1830 (86 : 2s.). 

260. A Bull, a Flock of Sheep, and Herdsmen. Sm. 147. In 
the foreground of a picturesque landscape is a flock of nine sheep. A 
shepherdess sits on a bank, and a man and a boy are standing. The boy 
holds a dark red bull by a cord. In the middle distances are three cows 
and two men on the bank of a river, beyond which is a range of lofty 
hills. It is a fine sunny evening. 

Panel, 20 inches by 20 inches. 

Sales. Rejected pictures of the Marquess of Bute, London, 1822 

(118:133.). 

Josiah Taylor, London, 1828 (420, bought in) 
Afterwards bought for the Hon. G. J. Vernon by Sm. (315). 
Sale. Hon. G. J. Vernon, London, 1831 (204 : 153.). 

260*7. Cows at Pasture by a River. Sunset. 

Canvas, 2i| inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 14, 1832, No. 17 (100 florins, Roos). 

260^. A He-Goat standing between two Sheep lying 1 down. 

Panel, 33 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. A. La Coste, Dordrecht, July 10, 1832, No. 1 1 (51 florins, Ouderwater 
van Puttershoek). 

26oc. Five Cows standing on a River-Bank. Evening. 
Panel, 27 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Jean Jacques de Jean Jacques de Faesch, Amsterdam July 3, 1833, 
No. 9 (107 florins, Anspiegel). 

261. Two Cows with a Herdsman. Sm. 190. In the centre of 
a rocky landscape two cows are lying down ; one is reddish, the other 
yellowish. A herdsman stands leaning on a stick at the foot of two trees. 
It is a fine evening. An early work (Sm.). 



84 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Oval panel, 15^ inches by 18^ inches. 

In the collection of Dr. Fletcher, Gloucester, 1834 (Sm.). 

262. Cows at Pasture with a Herdsman. Sm. 234. In the 
centre of a hilly foreground, two cows are lying down, while two others 
stand on the left. The herdsman, holding a stick, leans on the back of 
a fifth cow. Farther off, on the other side, are two more cows near 
rocks. 

Panel, iy inches by 15^ inches. 

In the collection of Mrs. Cawthorne, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

263. Four Cows with Herdsmen. Sm. 203. In the centre of the 
foreground two cows are lying down ; one is red-and-white spotted, the 
other dark. A herdsman and two other cows are near a tree on the left. 
A fine sunny evening. [Compare 229 and 29 la.] 

Panel, 15 inches by 12 inches. 

A picture, similar in details but measuring 16 inches by 13 inches, was 
acquired by Chaplin from the collection of Edward Gray (Sm. Suppl. 14). 
In the collection of Earl de Grey, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

264. Five Cows with Herdsmen. Sm. 240. Five cows, three of 
which are lying down, are in pasture in the foreground. The cow lying 
nearest is yellow, and a second lying in the centre is dark red. On a 
hillock beyond them are a woman and two herdsmen. The view is 
bounded by a hedge extending along a river-bank. A fine evening effect. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 54 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Gallery, London, 1832 ; and at the Royal Academy 
Winter Exhibition, London, 1873, No. 82. 

In the collection of the Earl of Harrowby, London, 1834 (Sm.), and 1873. 

264*7. Cattle and a Herdsman in a Riverside Pasture. Light 
in tone. 
Panel. 
Sale. Amsterdam, August 3, 1835, No. 13. 

265. Nine Cows at Pasture. In the foreground, on a hillock, are 
three cows, one of them standing, the other two lying down. Farther 
away are six cows. [Possibly identical with 2450.] 

Panel, 24! inches by 31^ inches. 

Sale. J. B. van Lancker, Antwerp, 1835, No. 44 (470 francs, Bastyns). 

265*7. Two Cows. One standing, the other lying ; with three sheep 
in a hilly landscape. 

Panel, 26 inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 47. 

265^. View of Dordrecht. With the Huis te Merwede. In the 
foreground is a herdsman with cattle standing or lying down. Sketchy, 
and warm in tone. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Canvas, 33 inches by 42 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, May 14, 1839, No. 405 (45 florins, 
Roos). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 85 

265^-. Landscape with Cattle. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, April 27, 1840, No. 264 (7 florins, 
with Nos. 263, 265, Nicoyer). 

265^. Cattle. Lying down or standing in the foreground of a far- 
stretching hilly landscape. A cottage is at the side. By Cuyp or in his 
manner. 

Panel, 29 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September 7, 1840, No. 88 (16 florins 25, Endhoven). 

265*. Cows and Sheep resting. Broadly painted. 
Sale. Brussels, August I, 1842, No. 23. 

26 5/ Cattle and Figures in a Landscape. In the left background 
is the Merwede near Dordrecht. 
Canvas. 

Sale. Van Barneveld, Van den Haute, and others, Antwerp, February 26, 
1844, No. 5. 

265^-. Cattle in a Hilly Landscape. Warm in colour. 
Panel. 

Sale. Van Barneveld, Van den Haute, and others, Antwerp, February 26, 
1844, No. 35. 

266. Two Cows in a Riverside Pasture. On a low bank by a 
riverside, a red-and-white spotted cow is lying down, while a black-and- 
white cow stands up ; both are in profile. In the middle of the stream 
two men in a little boat are approaching an island on which five cows are 
grazing. In the distance are sailing-boats. 

Canvas, 25 J inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. Cardinal Fesch, Rome, March 17, 1845, No. 55. 

267. Landscape with Cattle and Figures. Sm. 135. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1815. 
Sales. John Knight, London, 1819 (157 : ios.). 

Edward Higginson of Saltmarsh Castle, London, June 4, 1846 

G399)- 

268. Three Cows with Herdsmen in a Pasture. Two herds- 
men, one of whom is seated, are guarding three cows in a pasture. 
According to the sale catalogue, this had been repainted by Van Strij. 

Canvas, 17^ inches by 19 inches. 

In the collection of Frederic Kalkbrenner, Paris. 
Sale. Heris, Brussels, June 19, 1846, No. 14. 

268*. Landscape with Cattle. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Antwerp, September 7, 1846, No. 15. 

268/>. Landscape with Cattle. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Antwerp, September 7, 1846, No. 52. 



86 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

268^. View of Dordrecht. From the land side. A peasant woman 
with cattle. 

Srf._John P. Anderson, London, May 15, 1847 (225, Nieuwenhuys). 

268^. A Cow resting. Of the master's best period. 
Panel, 2o inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Widow of P. J. van Oosthuijse van Rijsenburg, born M. de Jongh, 
The Haugh, October 1 8, 1847, No. 198. 

268*. Landscape with a Herd of Cattle. Dordrecht in the 
distance. 

Sale. Sir H. Bruce, London, June 29, 1849 (735, Brown). 

268/ Landscape with a Black-and-White Cow lying down. 

Sale. Henry Metcalfe, London, June 15, 1850 (435 : 153., Brown). 

269. Landscape with Cows, Sheep, and a Herdswoman. At 

the foot of a tree a herdswoman is resting near two red-and-white cows, 
one of which is lying down while the other stands ; farther away are 
some sheep. Masterly in execution. 
Panel, 32 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 23, 1850, No. 14. 

269*7. Sheep with a Herdsman and Woman. In a hilly pasture 
by a river, on which is a boat. Morning effect. 

Sale. T. Capron, London, May 3, 1851 Gi6i, Norton). 

270. Ten Cattle in a Pasture. Sm. Suppl. 16. In the pasture in 
the foreground are ten cattle j eight are lying down, the ninth, of a 
reddish colour, stands with its tail to the spectator, and the tenth, also 
standing, is seen full face. Behind this last animal are the herdsman and 
a boy. In the background is a hill, bounded on the right by a hedge. 
It is sunset, with rain-clouds in the sky. 

Panel, 27 inches by 26 inches Sm. gives the height as 32 inches, no 
doubt through a misprint. 

Sales. William Wells of Redleaf, London, May 12, 1848 (409:103., 

Fletcher) ; it was in this collection in 1842 (Sm.). 
Ralph Fletcher, London, June 28, 1851 (357, Grundy). 

270*. Cow in a Pasture. 

Panel, 6 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Baron de Varange, Paris, May 26, 1852, No. 8 (81 francs). 

271. Pasture by the Merwede near Dordrecht. With cows 
lying down or standing up, figures, and other accessories. A pleasant 
tone, at sunset. 

Panel, 39 inches by 31^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 10, 1853, No. 17 (21 florins). 

272. Cows and Sheep in a Pasture with a Herdsman (or, A 
Herdsman conversing with a Milkmaid). Sm. 278. In a green 



vii AELBERT CUYP 87 

pasture in the foreground are six cows and twelve sheep. Four cows are 
lying down in front ; the fifth, black with a white face, stands beyond ; 
the sixth stands on the right and is seen full face. Under an old tree, 
near the last cow, a herdsman converses with a woman carrying two pails 
on a yoke. A river flows obliquely across the background ; on it are a 
boat and some small vessels ; on the farther bank are houses among trees. 
The sky is overcast ; it is a cool day. " Painted in the artist's finished 
manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, 2o| inches by 29^ inches. 

From the description, this might be identical with 195 at Glasgow, from 
the Graham Gilbert collection, but the catalogue gives different dimensions. 
In the collections of John Webb and Michael Zachary. 
In the possession of the London dealers Woodburn, 1834 (Sm.). 
Sale. Woodburn, London, June 24, 1853 (120 : 153., Gilbert). 

272*. A Cattle Piece. 

In the Booth collection, Glendon Hall, 1854 (Waagen, iii. 462). 

272^. A Watering - Place. "A pasticcio in the manner of 
Wouwerman. Very careful but dark" (Waagen). 

In the collection of the Hon. Edmund Phipps, London, 1854 (Waagen, 
ii. 228). 

27 2c. Landscape with four Cows. Ruins on a hill. 

Sale. Sir. R. Price, London, 1854 G 2 5 Butterworth). 

2j2d. Six Cows with a Peasant in a Red Coat. In a landscape. 

Sale. Mrs. Marryat, London, March 30, 1855 (199 : ios., Pearce). 

272*. Cows and Sheep in a Pasture. Evening sunlight. 
Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Baron Ch. R. de Welczeck, Berlin, March 10, 1856, No. 66. 

273. A River Landscape with Cows standing or lying down. 

With three figures. 

Signed j panel, 1\\ inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 20, 1856, No. 40. 

273*2. Landscape with Cattle. A very good picture, but damaged. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 20, 1856, No. 289. 

273^. A Cow and a Calf in a Pasture. 

Signed. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, March 17, 1857, No. 294. 

274. Two Cows with a Herdsman by a River. To the right on 
the high bank is a town, with a churchyard on a little neck of land. 
Buildings and trees. In the left foreground, under a beech-tree, one cow 
is standing and another is lying down, while the herdsman sits near them. 
In the style of Major Holford's picture (164). 

Canvas, 22 inches by 30 inches. 

In the Foster collection, Clewer Manor, 1857 (Waagen, Suppl. 288). 



88 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

274*. Landscape with Cattle at Evening. 

In the Henderson collection, London, 1857 (Waagen, Suppl. 210). 

275. Three Cows and three Herdsmen. With a peasant seated 
and a dog in a landscape. [Pendant to 367.] 

(Probably) canvas, 37 inches by 47^ inches. 

Sale. Earl of Shrewsbury, London, 1857 (45, Sir E. B. Lytton). 

276. Six Cows on the Bank of the Maas. Four are lying down, 
and two are standing. In the distance is Dordrecht. 

In the collection of the Earl of Hardwicke, Wimpole, 1857 (Waagen, 
Suppl. 521). 

277. Cows and Sheep with a Herdsman. On a low bank, in the 
foreground of a hilly landscape, a herdsman is seated. The herd and 
cows and sheep grouped round him appear to wait for the signal to return 
to their stalls. 

Signed; panel, 15 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. L. Casterman and others, Antwerp, July 19, 1858, No. 43. 

278. Two Cows resting. Near a rock, watched by a herdsman, 
who leans on his stick. In the background are three other figures. The 
view is bounded by a river. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 451 (43 : is., Abrahams). 

279. Cattle and Figures in a River Landscape. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 1817. 

280. Landscape with four Cows, two Peasants, and some 
Goats. 

Sale. G. H. Bengough, London, 1859 (68, Rapp). 

281. A Herd of Cattle in a Pasture with a Herdsman. In the 

foreground of a hilly landscape are a herd of cattle, lying down or stand- 
ing up, and sheep, watched by a herdsman who leans against the trunk 
of a willow. The setting sun throws a strong light on the foreground. 
Canvas, 20 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, February 24, 1863, No. 7. 

281*. Cattle resting with a Herdsman in a Landscape. 

Signed " Kuip." 

Sale. A. J. Eymer, Amsterdam, November 3, 1863, No. 167. 

281^. Landscape at Evening with a Herd of Cattle and Sheep. 

In the Haseloff collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

28 if. Cows and Herdsmen in the Foreground of a River 
Landscape. 

Panel, 25 inches by 32^ inches. 

In the Darmstadt Gallery, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721-2). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 89 

28 1 d. Cattle and a Herdsman in a Landscape at Evening. In 

the manner and style of Cuyp. [Compare 299.] 
Panel, 9 inches by 15 inches. 

In the Rost collection, Dessau, 1863 (Parthey, i. 723). 

281*. Landscape at Evening with Herdsmen and Cattle. In 

the manner and style of Cuyp. [Compare 299.] 
Panel, 23 inches by 34^ inches. 
In the Rost collection, Dessau, 1863 (Parthey, i. 723). 

282. Two Cows. A brown one standing and a red one lying down. 
Signed ; 19 inches by i6| inches. 

In the Von Sierstorpff collection, Driburg, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

282*7. Two Cows and a Bull in a Pasture. 

Signed ; canvas, 44 inches by 72 inches. 

In the Weyer collection, Cologne, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

282^. Four Cows on a Hill with their Herdsmen. 
Panel. 

In the Hoser collection, Prague, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

282*:. Cows, Goats, and a Sheep with a Herdsman and 
Woman. 

Panel, 19 inches by 29 inches. 

In the Fahne collection, Schloss Roland, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

283. Landscape with Cows. 

Canvas, 23 inches by 28 inches. 

In the collection of J. Gavard, Stuttgart, 1863 (Parthey, i. 724). 

284. Five Cows in a Flat Country. With bushes on the right. 
Four of the cows are lying down on the grass. 

Panel, 9^ inches by 12 inches. 

In the Belvedere, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

In the 1837 Vienna catalogue (p. 161), Room 6, No. 14. 

284*7. A Lake Landscape with Cows. 

In the SchSnborn collection, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, i. 723). 

284^. Landscape at Evening with four Sheep and a Goat. 
Panel. 

In the Rinecker collection, WUrzburg, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 
284*:. Cows and Sheep in a Pasture. Morning. 

Sale. Inman, London, 1866 (210, Pearce). 

285. Cows and a Herdsman. Some cows are lying down or 
standing on a hill. At one side the herdsman sits near a river which 
winds through the landscape. 

Canvas, 24 inches by 31^ inches. 



9 o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sale. H. A. Haarsma, Amsterdam, October 8, 1867,^.20(42 florins, 
Ketjen). 

286. A young Bull standing near a young Cow. Another cow 
is farther away. In the distance are towers and trees. 

Canvas, 25 inches by 30 inches. 

In the collection of De Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht. 
Sale. P. van Arnhem, Groningen, September 24, 1864, No. 49. 

286*7. Cattle in a Riverside Pasture. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 863. 
In the collection of J. Hope Barton. 

286^. Landscape with Cattle. Morning. 
Signed ; canvas, 29 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 26, 1869, No. 23. 

286<r. Cows, Sheep, and Figures in a Landscape. 

Sale. London, July 16, 1869, No. 250. 

286^. Two Cows in a Landscape. 

Sale. London, November 20, 1869, No. no. 

287. Ox and Goats. An ox stands on a low bank, with a goat, kid, 
and lamb near. In the distance is a flat country with bushes, among 
which rises a church-tower. Evening. 

Panel, 14 inches by ii\ inches. 

Sale. J. Dintl and others, Vienna, November 23, 1869, No. 47. 

2870. Two Cows in a Landscape. 

Sale. London, December 4, 1869, No. 42. 

287^. Cattle by a River with Ships. 

Sale. J. Mawdsley and others, London, December 18, 1869, No. 622. 

288. Three Cows with Herdsmen. In the foreground two cows 
are resting. A third stands between them but farther back ; behind it is 
the herdsman, conversing with a woman and a young girl seated on the 
right. In the right foreground is a large tree. In the background are a 
river and hills. 

Canvas. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor tie la Curiosite, ii. 493. 

In the collection of Prince Dolgorouky. 

Sales. Duval of Geneva, Paris, May 12, 1846. 

Comte de Morny, Paris, May 24, 1852, No. 4 (10,000 francs). 

Stevens, London, 1860 (441). 

289. Cows by the Sea. On an eminence to the left cows are 
resting. Farther away is a cottage. On the water are sailing-ships and 
barges. 

Signed in full in the centre at the bottom. 

Sale. Saint Remy, Paris, April 26, 1870, No. 48. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 91 

290. An Ox and two Cows in a Pasture. On a bank in the 
foreground two cows are resting. One, with white spots, is in profile, 
and turns its head to the right. The other, black, is seen foreshortened 
farther back. In the extreme left foreground an ox lies in the shadow of 
two trees. In the middle distance is a river, with a broad plain stretching 
away from its farther bank. 

Signed with the monogram in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 
13^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Baron H. Fagel, Paris, May 4, 1870, No. 7. 

290*. Cattle in a Pasture. 

Sale. Antwerp, January 23, 1871, No. 149. 

290^. Four Cattle standing, with a Herd-Boy. 

Sale. S. Wheeler, London, July 29, 1871 (262 : ios., King). 

290^. Three Cows with Herdsmen. In a landscape are a black- 
and-white cow standing up, and two red cows lying down. A man, a 
woman, and a girl seated. 

Sale. Marquis Du Lau, London, 1871 (735, bought in). 

290^. Seven Cows by a River-Bank. 

Sale. J. Reid, London, 1872 (89, bought in). 

291. Herdsman with Cows and Sheep in a Riverside Pasture. 

Sm. Suppl. 27. To the right on a river-bank sits a herdsman j his coat 
lies beside him. Behind him stand two cows ; a third lies near, with four 
sheep. On the other side the eye looks up the river, on which are several 
small vessels, and the tower of the Huis te Merwede is seen in the distance. 
A summer evening. 

Panel, 1 8 inches by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 290) and W. Burger, Tresors a" 'Art en Angleterre, 

P- 271- 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 701. 

In the collection of Charles Bredel, London, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. Miss Bredel, London, 1875 (1102 : ios., Durlacher). 

291*. A Landscape with Cattle. [Compare 229 and 263.] 
Canvas, 16 inches by 12^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1872, No. 185. 
In the collection of G. Cavendish Bentinck, 1872. 

292. Peasant with two Cows. A farm, trees, and three other 
figures at a garden gate. 

14 inches by 17 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 138). 

Sale. H. A. J. Munro of Novar, London, June I, 1878, No. 33 
, Agnew). 



293. Seven Cows in a Riverside Pasture. In a pasture on the 
Maas a brown cow with a white head is sniffing at thistles. In the centre 



92 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

are a yellow cow and a black-and-white spotted cow. A red cow and two 
others, partly cut off by the frame, are resting farther away ; a red-and- 
white spotted cow turns towards the river, which is full of ships. In the 
background is Dordrecht. Sunset. 

Panel, 20 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Prince Demidoff, San Donate, March 15, 1880, No. 115. 

293*. Landscape with a Herdsman and Goat. 

Sale. Harwood, London, 1880 (241 : ios., Tucker). 

294. Sheep in a Pasture. Four sheep, three standing and one 
lying down, are near the stump of a tree. An overturned basket with a 
cabbage lies near. 

Panel, n inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 253. 

295. Five Cows by a River. They are in the right foreground. 
There are some boats on the water. To the left is the opposite bank. 
A cloudy sky. 

Panel, i8 inches by 22 \ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1882, No. 223. 
In the collection of G. W. Blathwayt, London. 

296. The Pasture. In a pasture a black-and-white cow stands in 
profile beside a lamb which is lying down. Farther away are the herds- 
man with his dog, and two other cows. On the horizon are seen the 
houses of a village and a church-tower. 

Panel, 18 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 21, 1883, No. 51. 

297. Four Cows in a Pasture. 
16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. De Zoete, London, 1885 (92:85., M. Colnaghi). 

298. Cattle in a Landscape. 

14 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. De Zoete, London, 1885 (109, M. Colnaghi). 

299. COWS STANDING AND LYING DOWN IN A 
FARMYARD. At the back are the pigeon-cote and hen-house. To 
the left of these are ducks. There is a view over a landscape with an inn. 

Panel, 19^ inches by 14 inches. 

From the Rost collection, Dessau ; the dimensions and details do not agree 
with either of the pictures mentioned by Parthey (28i</and e). 
Exhibited by Rupprecht, Munich, 1889, No. 619. 

299*. Landscape with Cattle at Evening. 

20| inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. J. A. de Graaff and others, Rotterdam, May 29, 1893, No. 6. 

299^. Evening Landscape, with a dark -spotted Cow. It 
faces left. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 93 

Panel, 14 inches by 17 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 724). 

Sale. Clave-Bouhaben, Cologne, June 4, 1894, No. 218. 

299^-. Cattle in a Pasture. A small stream, with a bridge across it, 
flows through a landscape. To the right, near some cows that are grazing, 
a woman is washing her child. 

Canvas, 22| inches by 32 inches. 

In the collection of P. W. Grubbe, Cologne, No. 83. 
Sale. Hammer, Cologne, October 5, 1894, No. 71. 

299^. A Cattle - Piece. In the foreground of a wooded and hilly 
landscape some cattle and sheep are grazing ; near them stands a reddish- 
brown bull. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Krupp, junior, and others, Cologne, October 29, 1894, No. 39. 

299*. Cattle with Herdsmen. In the shadowed edge of a wood 
in a hilly landscape a couple of herdsmen are resting, with cattle, goats, 
and sheep. 

Panel, 20 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Krupp, junior, and others, Cologne, October 29, 1894, No. 40. 



A Herd of Cattle. In front of the thick bushes of a wood 
lie a herd of cows, goats, and sheep. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas on panel, 12 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Krupp, junior, and others, Cologne, October 29, 1894, No. 41. 

299. Three Cows in a Landscape. Small figures in the distance. 
Signed and dated, "A. Cuyp anno 1650" ; panel, 27^ inches by 37^ 
inches. 

Sale. Henry Doetsch, London, June 22, 1895, No. 438. 

299^. Landscape with Shepherds and Sheep. In the foreground, 
at the foot of a hillock crowned by an oak tree, a shepherd sits near some 
sheep. He converses with a woman who stands near, holding a bundle on 
her head and carrying a basket. Hilly country and pasture in the distance. 
Evening. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 22 inches by 19^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1895, No. 77. 
Then in the collection of Charles L. Eastlake. 

300. COWS AND HERDSMEN. A man in red stands near 
herdsmen in light blue, with several cows. 

In the possession of the London dealers P. and D. Colnaghi, March 1906. 

300*. Cattle by a River, with Boats. 

20 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. London, February 6, 1897, No. 66. 



94 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



301. SHEEP AND GOATS IN A PASTURE. With two 

shepherds. In the left distance is a church. [Compare 693.] 
Signed ; panel, 15 inches by 2i inches. 

Sale. Anonymous, following Benjamin West, London, March 18, 1898, 
No. 240 (236 : 55., Colnaghi). 

302. COWS IN A PASTURE (or, Herdsman and Cows). 
Sm. 1 80. To the right on a river-bank are five cows in a pasture, four 
of them lying down. The herd-boy sits on one side. Two boats are 
sailing on the river. On the farther bank are trees and houses. [Probably 
identical with 230.] 

Signed "A. cuijp" ; panel, 19^ inches by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 122). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1881, No. 117 ; and 
at the South Kensington Museum, 1891, No. 24. 

In the collection of Philip H. Hope, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Mrs. Hope, 1881. 

In the collection of Lord Francis Pelham Clinton Hope, bought as a whole 
in 1898 by P. and D. Colnaghi and A. Wertheimer. 

302*7. Cattle and Figures in a Landscape. With ruins. 

Sale. Viscount Oxenbridge, London, December 9, 1899, No. 26 (23 : as., 
Abraham). 

303. COWS BY A RIVER. In the left foreground two cows 
stand on a river-bank ; to the right are two boats carrying five fishermen. 
On the farther bank are the church and houses of a town, and windmills. 
Evening. 

10 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Berlin, March 20, 1900, No. 88. 

3030. A Herd of Cattle resting in a Riverside Pasture. 

Sunshine. 

Panel, 21 inches by 29 inches. 
Sale. London, June I, 1900, No. 14. 

303^. Cattle and a Countryman by a River. 

2o| inches by 30^ inches. 

Sale. Macbean and others, London, July 23, 1900, No. 116. 

304. Herdsman with Cows on the Road. In a landscape, bounded 
on the right by rocks and hills, a road curves from the front to the right 
across a stone bridge, which spans a river flowing towards the right fore- 
ground. On the nearer bank are four cows, to the left near the bridge. 
The herdsman sits on the extreme left by the road. In the middle dis- 
tance to the right, on the farther bank, two men stand talking near two 
trees. In the left distance stretches a flat landscape ; to the right stretches 
a range of hills. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 19 inches by 28 inches. 
In the collection of W. A. Hankey, Beaulieu, Hastings. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 95 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of loo 
Paintings," 1900, No. 9. 

305. Two Cows and a Herdsman. The herdsman sits on a bank, 
with his dog beside him. A brown cow is lying down ; a black-and- 
white cow is standing up. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 16, 
1901, No. 69 (33 : I2s., Evans). 

306. Six Cows by a River- Bank. 

Canvas, 25^ inches by 34 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 16, 
1901, No. 72 (23 : 2s., Jones). 

307. Four Cows standing on a River- Bank. 

Panel, 16 inches by 21 1 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 16, 

1901, No. 109. 

307*7. Four Cows and Rustics in a Landscape. 

Panel, 24^ inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. Wilson and others, London, May 24, 1901, No. 142. 

307^. Cattle with a Herdsman by a River. 

Canvas, 31 inches by 37 inches. 

Sale. Wilson and others, London, May 24, 1901, No. 153. 

307^. Cows and Sheep. 

Panel, 8| inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Wilson and others, London, May 24, 1901, No. 154. 

307^. Four Cows standing by a River-Bank. 

Panel, i6| inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Banbury and others, London, June 15, 1901, No. 54. 

308. Cattle by a Waterfall. In the foreground are two figures. 
Cattle and a dog are near a waterfall. From the right two men with 
asses come down a road between high rocks. In the middle distance is 
the river, with hills on the farther bank. 

Signed, A. Cuyp; panel, 17^ inches by 2i| inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1881, No. 65. 

Sale. G. T. Braine, London, 1857 (115 : ios., Howard). 

In the collection of H. Howard-Keeling, London, 1881. 

Sale. The late Mrs. Howard -Keeling of Eltham, London, March 22, 

1902, No. 12 (283 : ios., Vokins). 

308*. Herdsman with a Herd of Cows and Goats. 

Signed, " A. Cuyp f." ; panel, 1 7 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Traiser and others, Frankfort-on-Main, May 26, 1902, No. 34. 



96 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

308*. Cattle and Herdsman. 

Canvas, 9^ inches by n inches. 

Sale. Younge and others, London, November 22, 1902, No. 120. 

308^. Landscape with Cattle. A view down a slope to the sea, in 
the distance to the left. At the foot of a steep hill, on the right, are a 
man and two cows, one of which is lying down. To the left are a 
donkey and other figures. Blue sky, with clouds. 

Canvas, 39 inches by 51 inches (or, 39 inches by 49! inches, accord- 
ing to the 1879 catalogue). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1879, No. 90, 
and 1903, No. 79. 

Then in the collection of Earl Cadogan. 



Landscape with Cattle. On rising ground near a river- 
bank are seven cows, one of which is standing up. On the opposite bank 
are a tower and other buildings. Blue sky, with clouds. [Compare 210.] 
Canvas, 22 inches by 29 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, 
No. 90. 

Then in the collection of the Hon. Harold Finch-Hatton. 

309. Cattle with Herdsman. In the foreground of a river land- 
scape. Boats and figures. 

Canvas, 41 inches by 55 inches. 

Sale. Lady Page Turner and others, London, February 21, 1903, No. 99. 

309*. Cows in the Foreground by a River. Boats, buildings, and 
figures. 

Panel, 10 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. London, March 14, 1903, No. 8. 

310. Shepherdess keeping Sheep. Sm. 162. A landscape with 
a hilly foreground. In front of a bushy hedge, to the right, are five 
sheep ; on the other side sits the shepherdess, wearing a red jacket and a 
straw hat and holding a crook. Beside her lies a dog. Behind her are 
two other sheep. In the distance is a walled town. The shepherdess is 
probably a portrait. " Painted in the artist's smooth or finished manner " 
(Sm.). 

Panel, 27 inches by 36 inches. 

Sales. Allen Gilmore, London, 1830 (157 : ios., Stanley). 

George Holmes and others, London, April 25, 1903, No. 75. 



Herdsman with a Herd of Cattle. 

inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. P. H. Edlin and others, London, December 14, 1903, No. 55. 

310^. Herdsman with Cows and Sheep in a Landscape. 

Panel, 24 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Huth and others, London, March 19, 1904, No. 104. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



97 



3 1 o^r. Cattle in a Riverside Pasture. 
Panel, 13 inches by 17 inches. 

Sales. London, March 2, 1903, No. 3. 
London, March 21, 1904, No. 3. 

3io/. Cattle and Rustics in a Landscape. 

Panel, 10 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Duke of Marlborough and others, London, May 14, 1904, No. 74. 

310*. Cows and Sheep in a Landscape. Evening. 
Panel, 36 inches by 57^ inches. 

Sale. Duke of Marlborough and others, London, May 14, 1904, No. 77. 

311. Bull in a Pasture. In the foreground near a fenced pasture 
stands a big spotted bull. In the left middle distance is a little river, 
with a cluster of houses near it. In the distance are more animals. 

Panel, 10 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Jos. Metz and Jos. Montag and others, Cologne, December 19, 1904, 
No. 10. 

311^. Cattle in a Pasture. 

Panel, 16 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. F. Peek and others, London, December 19, 1904, No. 73. 

31 1. A Herd of Cattle by a River. 

14! inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. London, January 30, 1905, No. 66. 

3 1 if. Cattle by a River. 

Canvas, 42 inches by 56 inches. 

Sale. James Henry Crofts and others, London, March 6, 1905, No. 123. 



. Cows and Sheep in a Landscape. 

Panel, n inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Sir George Elliot and others, London, July 8, 1905, No. 102. 

311*. Two Cows and a Peasant in a Landscape. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Earl of Cork and Orrery and others, London, November 25, 1905, 
No. no. 

3 1 1/^ A Herd of Cattle resting in a Riverside Pasture. 

Canvas, 15 J inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. L. C. Lumley and others, London, April n, 1906, No. 106. 

311^. Cattle and two Peasants near a River. 

28^ inches by 40 inches. 

Sale. London, May 12, 1906, No. 98. 

31 1 h. Cows in a Riverside Pasture. Sunset. 
22 inches by 34^ inches. 

Sale. London, July 20, 1906, No. 153. 

VOL. II H 



9 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

312. COWS AND FIGURES IN A HILLY LANDSCAPE. 

In a hilly landscape rising towards the right, with Italian buildings and 
ruins, two cows are lying down in the centre foreground. One, a light- 
coloured cow, faces left ; behind it, a brown cow faces right amidst 
bushes. In the right middle distance a metal milk-can stands in front of 
a fence. Behind it is a herdsman, and farther away in the distance is a 
young man, with a long stick over his left shoulder, who turns his head 
to the front. In the left middle distance near a placid lake are two sports- 
men with their dogs. One stands facing the spectator, and with out- 
stretched left hand grasps a thin branch of one of the two trees completing 
the composition on the left. The other man sits on the left, in three- 
quarter view with his back to the spectator, and seems to be examining 
his musket. W. Burger compares the picture with the large landscape 
in the Louvre (332). It is a good and genuine, if not a very attractive 
picture. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp ; canvas, 42 inches by 
60 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Bllrger, La Galerie de M. M. Pe'reire. 

Sales. Is. Pcrcire, Paris, March 6, 1872, No. 115 (9200 francs). 
Count M. de Camondo, Paris, June 14, 1902, No. 119. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of loo 
Paintings," 1902, No. 6. 

Sale. Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 25 (25,000 francs, 
Mersch). 

313. HERDSMAN WITH CATTLE AND SHEER On 

the bank of a placid lake, filling the background, the herdsman in red and 
blue stands leaning on a stick, with his back to the spectator. To the 
right near him are some sheep and two cows lying down ; on his left is 
his dog. On the right along the lake is a row of small houses in front of 
trees. In the foreground, to left and right, are bushes and a hedge. On 
the lake in the distance are sailing-boats. A cloudy sky. 
Canvas, 27^ inches by 40 inches. 

In the collection of Max Kann, Paris. 

Sale. Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 27 (3950 francs). 

314. A HERD OF COWS WITH HERDSMAN BY A 
LAKE. Evening. A very dark foreground. To the right is a big 
dark tree-stump, and on the extreme left, farther back, is a tree both 
serving to frame the composition. On the right are two herdsmen ; one 
stands in profile to the right ; the other sits on the ground, turning three- 
quarters left and looking at the first man. On the left is the herd, partly 
standing, partly lying down. In the right foreground, in shadow, are two 
cows, one lying down and the other standing. In the distance is a lake. 
Golden evening light. It is similar to the Rijksmuseum picture (407). 
It is early but not of special importance. 

Signed, in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp; panel, 16 inches 
by 15 inches. 

Sale. Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 28 (2800 francs). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 99 

314*. Cattle and Figures in a River Landscape. 

Canvas, 32 inches by 42^ inches. 

Sale. E. J. Stanley and others, London, January 27, 1908, No. 15 
(12 : las., Collings). 

315. Four Cows lying down. Sm. 81. In a hilly pasture forming 
the foreground. On a high bank two herdsmen and a girl are conversing ; 
one man sits with his back to the spectator, while the other stands point- 
ing to some distant object. A river, on which are many small vessels, 
traverses the distance. [Possibly identical with 183.] 

Described by Sm. from an engraving by Lerpeniere. 

316. COWS WITH HERDSMEN IN A PASTURE NEAR 
A CASTLE. On the high bank of a river, in front of some trees and 
an old castle, a man and a woman let their cows graze. On the river 
are two boats with persons in them ; in the distance are sailing-boats. 
The opposite bank is wooded. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 16 inches by 22| inches. 

In the Trimolet Museum, Dijon, 1883 catalogue, No. 42. 

317. Cattle with a Herdboy near a Castle. Sm. 6. A herd- 
boy, leaning on a stick, watches cows. On the left is a castle. In the 
distance are houses. 

Panel, 19 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Poullain, Paris, March 15, 1780 (910 francs). 

318. Cattle and Figures in a Landscape near a Ruined 
Castle. Sm. 74. " A warm and pleasing landscape " (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 319. 

Sale. Countess of Holderness, London, March 6, 1802, No. 82 (25 : 45., 
Harris). 

318*. Three Cows in a Pasture near a Ruin. One cow 

stands, the others are lying down, like the herdsman. In the distance 
beyond the river is Dordrecht. Warm in tone. 
Canvas, 39 inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. M. G. Baronesse van Brakell, Amsterdam, December 14, 1820, 
No. 13 (60 florins, Chaplin). 

319. Cattle in a Pasture near the Castle of Brederode. 

Sm. 258 and Suppl. 42. A gentleman with his back to the spectator 
sits in the foreground, conversing with the herdsman who stands near, 
leaning on his stick. Behind him are three cows near a ruin. A river 
traverses the middle distance ; on the farther bank is a castle partly 
concealed by a few bushy trees. It is evening, and rain is threatening. 
" The style of the execution, and the effect of this picture, might suggest 
an idea that the artist had the works of Rembrandt in his eye when he 
painted it " (Sm.). 

Canvas, 40 inches by 54 inches. 

Sale. Lady Hampden, London, April 16, 1834 (jno : 55., J. Woodin). 



IOO 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



319*. Ferry with Cattle on a Still Lake. With a ruin and 
trees. 

Panel, 27^ inches by 40 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Veen, Amsterdam, April 14, 1851, No. 88. 

320. Cows and Sheep with Herdsmen. In the foreground of a 
hilly landscape with a ruin, a herdsman on an ass converses with a youth. 
At the side are cattle. In the centre is a shepherd with sheep. 

Signed j panel, i8 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. Jer. de Vries, Amsterdam, November 15, 1853, No. 25 (23 florins). 

321. A Peasant with Cows near a Ruin. In the distance are 
a village and a church. 

Sale. Sheffield, London, 1874 (84, M. Colnaghi). 

322. TWO COWS AND AN ANGLER BY A RIVER.- 

Near two cows facing right one, a yellowish-brown, is lying down, and 
the other, a dark grey, is standing an angler sits by a river with his back 
to the spectator. Behind the cows are three sheep ; in the distance are 
sailing-boats. 

Panel, 20 inches by 26^ inches. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

323. COWS BY A RIVER AND AN ANGLER. A group 
of six cows on the right j an angler by a river. [Probably identical with 

3 2 7-J 

In the collection of Baron Gustave de Rothschild, Paris. 

324. Cows and Anglers. On a bank in the left foreground are 
two anglers. Farther back is a pasture with cows standing or lying 
down. 

Panel, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. F. I. de Dufresne, Amsterdam, August 22, 1770, No. 293. 

325. Herdsman and Cows in a Riverside Pasture. Sm. 7 

and 43. In the right foreground are six cows, one of them seen full face. 
In a boat on the river to the left are two men, one of whom is angling. 
In the middle distance are sailing-boats ; beyond are houses. A fine 
clear day. 

Panel, 16^ inches by 27 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 18 and 164. 
Sales. Nogaret, Paris, 1780 (1350 francs, Vicomte de Choiseul). 
Due de Choiseul Praslin, Paris, 1793 (2350 francs). 

326. Cattle in a Riverside Pasture with a Herdsman angling. 
Sm. 253. A red cow lies in the foreground ; a black cow stands behind 
it ; farther away is a group of four sheep. The cowherd in a red coat 
sits on the river-bank, with his back to the spectator ; he is angling. In 
the distance are four little vessels on the river. It is a sultry evening. 

Panel, 19 inches by 26^ inches. 

In the Van Loon collection, Amsterdam, 1834 (Sm.). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 101 

327. Cows by a River, and Anglers. Sm. Suppl. 45. To the 
right, on the bank of the Maas, six cows are grazing. The nearest one, 
a black cow with a white face, is lying down. Another, of a tawny 
colour, stands in profile with its head over the first cow ; the others are 
also standing in profile. In the centre foreground a man in profile to the 
left sits angling in the river ; another, with rod and line, stands on the 
right behind him. To the left is a view over a broad river into the 
distance. [Probably identical with 323.] 

Signed ; panel, 20 inches by 32 inches. 

(Probably) exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1878, 
No. 239, by J. P. Heseltine though this was said to be on canvas. 

Sales. Marquess of Camden, London, 1841 (^77 ' IOS -> Nieuwenhuys). 

Prince Demidoff of San Donato, Paris, April 8, 1868, No. 3. 
Probably in the collection of J. P. Heseltine, 1878. 

328. Cows in a Pasture, and a Herdboy gathering Flowers. 

The landscape is traversed by a river, and is warmly lighted by the 
evening sun. A herdboy is gathering flowers. 
Panel, 18 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (i. 408) in the collection of Sir Robert Peel, 
London, 1854, but not in the National Gallery, for which the Peel collection 
was acquired in 1871. 

329. TWO COWS AND A HERDSMAN PLAYING ON 
THE PIPE (or, The Piping Herdsman). Sm. 226. On the 

right, at the foot of a rock, a red cow is lying down with its head to the 
right. Another cow stands behind, seen in three-quarter view to the 
left. A young herdsman sits on a bank to the left, playing on a pipe. 
Two figures and cattle are seen by a river in the distance. On the 
opposite there are trees and hills. 

Canvas, 54 inches by 69 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 48). 

Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 41. 

In the Bridgewater collection, Lord Francis Egerton, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, London, 
No. 147. 

330. COWS, WITH A HERDSMAN PLAYING THE 
FLUTE. Sm. 80. In the foreground of a landscape are two cows ; 
one, a black-and-white cow, stands on the right, and facing right, behind 
the other, a red cow, which is lying down. To the right of these are 
two herdsmen ; one stands with his back to the spectator ; the other is 
lying down, with a flute in his hand. In the middle distance is a river. 
To the right, at the foot of steep rocks, are cattle and three figures. In 
the distance are mountains. A blue sky with clouds, with red evening 
tints to the left. [Compare 242.] 

Signed, A. cuijp ; canvas, 39^ inches by 56^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 344). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 97. 

Sale. Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (.136 : IDS.) according to Sm. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, 1892 catalogue, No. 128 (old No. 169). 



102 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

331. HERDSMEN PLAYING PIPE AND FLUTE, 
WITH THEIR HERDS. To the right by a road are three 
herdsmen. The foremost, with his back to the spectator, lies at full 
length on the ground. To the left behind him another man sits, facing 
the spectator and playing the bagpipes. The third, a younger man, sits 
turned three-quarters right, wearing a large shepherd's hat ; he is playing 
a flageolet. On the extreme right, in front of a tree with scanty foliage, 
two cows look on. In the middle distance are four sheep ; in the centre 
foreground a little black-and-white dog is barking. In the distance is a 
river, on the farther bank of which are houses. A warm sky. 

Signed on the right ; canvas, 35^ inches by 47 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1894, No. 5. 

In the collection of Mrs. C. P. Huntington, New York. 

332. A HERD OF COWS RESTING, WITH A HERDS- 
MAN PLAYING THE FLUTE. Sm. 259. A landscape which 
rises to a hill in the right middle distance, while on the left is a view 
over a placid river towards a distant tower resembling that of Utrecht 
Cathedral, and the outline of a Dutch town with two windmills. In 
the left foreground a herdsman sits on a stone ; he is seen almost 
full face, but turns slightly to the right. He wears knee-breeches, 
leaving his legs bare, and has a hat on his head ; he is playing a flute. 
At his left is his stick. To his right stand a little boy and girl, who 
listen to the music and stroke a dog which crouches before them. In the 
centre and to the right of the foreground are six cows, standing or lying 
down. Behind them are two trees. On the rising ground to the right 
are three shepherds with a flock of sheep. In the extreme right fore- 
ground are large-leaved plants. A fine summer day. This is a picture 
of very good quality, the best of the Cuyps in the Louvre. [Compare 
312 and 490.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. CUYP j canvas, 68 inches 
by 91 inches. 

In the collection of King Louis XVI. of France. 
In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2341. 

333. A Shepherd playing the Pipe. With his flock of sheep 
and goats resting near him. On a hill are some cows near a cottage. 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 9^ inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) J. van der Velden, Amsterdam, December 3, 1881, 
No. 96 (14 florins 10, Winter). 

334. A Herdsman playing the Flute, with a Herdwoman 
and a Herd. In a fine landscape, a herdwoman sits near sheep, cows, 
and other animals. In front of her a herdsman is playing the flute. 

Canvas, 16 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. A. de Pester, Antwerp, 2 Fructidor 1800, No. 33 (14 francs). 

335. Cows, with a Herdsman playing the Bagpipes. Sm. 

69. In the right foreground are four cows, three of them lying down, 



vii AELBERT CUYP 103 

on the bank of the Maas. They face left towards the herdsman, who 
sits in the centre playing the bagpipes. A boy in a red jacket, with a 
stick in his hand, stands listening. A little way off, to the right, two 
persons, riding on asses with panniers, are coming over a field. In the 
middle distance is a river, on the farther bank of which is a building. A 
hot summer afternoon. A " charming production " (Sm.). 

Panel, 19 inches by 28 inches or 27 inches according to Sm. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiostte, ii. 186. 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1822 and 1832. 
Sale. Claude Tolozan, Paris, February 23, 1801 (5500 francs). 
In the collection of Charles Hanbury Tracey, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

336. A Herdsman playing the Flute, with Cattle. A hilly 
landscape by a river. In the foreground a herdsman sits playing the flute; 
near him cattle are lying down or standing. Warm in tone. 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, 20 inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 17, 1857, No. 25. 

336*. Cows on a River-Bank, with a Herdsman playing the 
Flute. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 439 (105, Plumley). 

337. SHEEP, WITH A HERDSMAN DRAWING 
WATER AND A HORSEMAN (or, The Thirsty Herdsman). 
Sm. 113. in a hilly landscape near Nymwegen a herdsman with three 
sheep and a goat is in the right foreground, near a hill surmounted by 
trees. A man in a cloak, mounted on a bay horse, is in the centre. On 
the left a herdsman in blue is drawing water from a stream ; beyond him 
a peasant drives three cows into the water. The distance, broken by 
hedges, is intersected by a river with a castle on its bank and a tower. 
[Pendant to 402.] 

Canvas, 45 inches by 69! inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 40). 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1819. 

Sales. Sir Philip Stephens, London, May 17, 1810 (1680, bought in 
according to Sm.). 

Lord Ranelagh, London, 1822 (^1260, bought in). 

Lord Ranelagh, London, May 15, 1829 (1060 : los., Peacock). 
In the collection of the Earl of Egremont, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth. 

338. Cattle and Herdsmen, one of them drawing Water 
(or, The Thirsty Herdsman). Sm. 142. A hilly landscape with 
clumps of trees and a broad river, under a brilliant sunset. In the 
foreground are a peasant woman in a red jacket and a man who stoops 
to fill a cup at a stream flowing along the front. Beyond them, to the 
right, a man with a pack-ass comes along a road bordered with trees. 
Near a little hill in the centre two men are resting ; one of them has a 
basket beside him. On the hill a herdsman tends cows and sheep. The 



104 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



river in the distance is bounded by hills, on which is a town. "An 
example of superlative excellence " (Sm.). 
Panel, 19 inches by 29 inches. 
Sale. Alexis de la Hante, London, 1821 (486 : 35.). 

Afterwards sold to Joseph Barchard (630). 

In the possession of Sm., who sold it to the Chevalier Erard (12,000 
francs). 

Safes. Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, 1831, No. 72 (15,000 francs, 

bought in). 

Chevalier Sebastien Erard, London, June 22, 1833 (399, T. 
Norton). 

339. Four Cows by a River, and a Herdsman drawing Water. 
Sm. 125. A stream flows across the front round a hilly pasture on the 
left, in which are four cows, three of them lying down. On the hill a 
farmer on horseback converses with a man on foot. In the foreground 
a herdboy fills a cup at the stream. Early morning before sunrise. 
"Painted in the artist's finest time" (Sm.). 

Canvas, 27 inches by 35 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1829. 

Sales. H. Muilman, Amsterdam, April 12, 1813, No. 36 (2025 florins). 

Thie"bault, Paris, February 26, 1817 (4500 francs). 

Le Rouge, Paris, 1818 (7200 francs). 

In the collection of Comte Pourtales, all the Dutch and Flemish pictures in 
which were bought by Sm. and Thomas Emmerson, 1826. 
Sale. London, 1826 (525). 
In the collection of Charles Dixon, 1834 (Sm.). 

340. The Thirsty Cowherd. Sm. 159. A hilly landscape with a 
stream in the foreground. On the farther bank a cowherd with a blue 
jacket stoops to fill a cup with water. Near him a yellow cow is lying 
down ; a reddish cow stands beyond it, near a goat that is lying down. 
A round tower and other buildings are in the distance ; the view is 
bounded by square-shaped hills. Sunset. An "excellent picture" (Sm.). 
[Pendant to 600.] 

Canvas, 24 inches by 33 inches. 

Sm. says that this picture and its pendant were in the collection of Van der 
Potts (Pot), Rotterdam, 1825, which was sold as a whole, and that they were 
valued at 7000 florins the pair ; and further, that this picture passed through the 
hands, successively, of M. Gallic, Charles Kinnear, and Sir John Pringle, Bart., 
and was in the collection of the Rev. Mr. Clowes, Manchester, 1834. 

As it occurred in the sale of R. Pott and others, Rotterdam, October 1 1, 
1855, No. 10, and can hardly have passed through the various English collections 
in the meantime, Sm. must have made a mistake ; probably he confused the 
collectors G. van der Pot (whose sale was in 1806) and R. Pott. 

341. THE SLEEPING HERDSMAN. Sm. 39. In the right 
foreground five brown cows are grazing. The herdsman, in brown and 
white, lies sleeping under a crooked tree on a bank near them. In a 
broad plain stretching away into the distance is a town with a church 
that seems to be that of Utrecht. A fine sky. This picture is of the 



vii AELBERT CUYP 105 

early period, with yellowish-brown tones in the landscape, and was painted 
about 1645. [Compare 58.] 

Panel, 16 inches by 26^ inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 103 (305 florins, Fouquet). 
Proley, Paris, 1787 (1302 francs). 
In the Demidoff collection. 
In the collection of Max Kann. 

In the possession, successively, of the Paris dealers Ch. Sedelmeyer and 
F. Kleinberger. 

In the collection of the Marquis d'Aoust, Paris. 

342. FIVE COWS WITH A SLEEPING HERDSMAN. 

Sm. 109 and 208. In the meadows near Dordrecht. In the foreground 
four cows are lying down and a fifth, of reddish-brown colour, is standing 
behind them. The nearest of the four lying down is a yellowish-brown, 
and the next, farther left, is black with white spots ; both are in profile to 
the right. The cowherd lies asleep in the right foreground, with his back 
to the spectator ; beside him is his dog. In the background are a wind- 
mill and, beyond it, the church and houses of Dordrecht. On the extreme 
right of the middle distance are part of a fence and bushes. Warm evening 
sunlight. Known as the "small Dort." [Compare 368.] 
Signed, A. CUYP ; oak panel, 26^ inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. (Possibly) Lord Rendlesham, London, June 20, 1806 (.182:55.) 

according to Sm. 

In the collection of Charles Oldfield Bowles, London, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Wynn Ellis, bequeathed in 1876 to the National 
Gallery. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 962. 

343. COWS WITH A MILKMAID AND A SLEEPING 
HERDSMAN. Sm. 108. On the right are three red cows, two of 
them lying down and the third standing behind in profile to the right. 
From the right comes a woman with milk-pails. Behind her are rocks 
and bushes. In the foreground to the left, near the middle, a herdsman 
lies asleep near two brass milk-cans. In the distance is a landscape with 
a round tower. Towards sunset. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 50 inches 
by 67^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 264. 

Sales. Pierre de Grand Pre, Paris, February 16, 1809 (30,000 francs, 

bought in). 

O. Pein, Cologne, October 29, 1888, No. 22 (11,300 marks). 
Rumerskirch, Munich, March 23, 1903, No. 18. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1905, No. 5. 

In the Wilstach Gallery, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

344. Cattle and a Sleeping Herdsman. On a bank in the 
centre lies a man asleep ; a woman with a milk-pail on her head stands 



io6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

near. Farther away are a cow, two sheep, and two figures. Warm 
in tone. 

1 8 inches by 13! inches. 

Sale. Van Schorel, Antwerp, June 7, 1774, No. 94. 

345. Horsemen, Cattle, and a Sleeping Herdsman. Sm. 54. 
Two horsemen, followed by a woman and two children, are on the left. 
In the centre foreground are some sheep and a herdsman asleep on the 
ground. To the right are three cows, one of which is drinking at a pond. 
A view of a village with windmills. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 51 inches. 

Sale. Destouches, Paris, March 21, 1794 (912 francs). 

346. Three Cows and a Sleeping Herdsman. In front of a rock 
are three cows. Near them a herdsman lies asleep, with his back to the 
spectator. In the distance is an old gateway, through which a man rides, 
followed by a dog. 

Panel, 8 inches by n inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. B. 18. 

3460. Two Cows and a Sleeping Herdsman. One cow stands, 
the other is lying down. Near them the herdsman lies asleep. [Possibly 
identical with 346^.] 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 22, 1814, No. 12. 

346^. A Hilly Landscape with a Herdsman reposing. With 
cattle, standing and lying down. 
Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September n, 1839, No. 25 (47 florins). 

346*:. Four Cows. In a pasture in the foreground ; a boy and a 
dog are asleep. In the distance is Dordrecht. Warm in tone. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 272 (19 : 195., Rowbotham). 

346^. The Sleeping Herdsman. Two cows are in the foreground ; 
one of them, a black cow, is foreshortened. Near them is a herdsman 
asleep. [Possibly identical with 3460.] [Compare 763^.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 404). 

Sale. J. Gillott, London, April 19, 1872 (.120 : 153., Sedelmeyer). 

346*. Landscape with Cattle and a Sleeping Herdsman. An 

expanse of pastures rising on the right to a low hill crowned with trees. 
Here a herdsman lies asleep near his herd of cows, oxen, and sheep. 
Oval panel, u| inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Brade and others, Cologne, December 17, 1897, No. 205. 

347. A Herd of Cows and a Herdsman reposing. A river 
landscape with a wooded pasture, flanked by high trees in the right 
distance. In the foreground is a white cow lying down, with a brown 



vii AELBERT CUYP 107 

cow behind it. Near a tree the herdsman lies at full length, with his 
back to the spectator ; in front of him is a lamb. To the left the river 
forms a waterfall, on the left of which is high ground with houses and 
trees. The river flows away into the plain. On the horizon the towers 
of a town are vaguely seen. 

Canvas, 20^ inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. Albert Jaffe of Hamburg, Berlin, November I, 1904, No. 43. 

347. Cattle in a Pasture. The herdsman is resting near a hedge 
on the right. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. F. Hermesdorff and others, Munich, December 14, 1905, No. 1 1 8. 

348. A HORSE, AND THREE COWS LYING DOWN.- 

In the foreground to the right, in front of trees, stands a dun horse with 
a white mane, seen in profile to the left. To the left, also in profile to 
the left, is a black-and-white spotted cow. In the middle distance to the 
left two other cows are lying down. There are light clouds in the 
blue sky. 

Panel, 13 inches by 15^ inches. 

An old copy is in the possession of a London dealer. 

Sales. (Probably) Jelgerhuis and Saportas, Amsterdam, December 12, 1836, 

No. 10. 

London, May 13, 1893, No. 23. 
Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 30 (6000 francs, 

Kleinberger for Kappel). 
In the collection of Marcus Kappel, Berlin. 

349. CpWS IN A PASTURE, AND A HORSE. Sm. 198. 
To the right on a knoll in a meadow is a group of three cows lying 
down. Near them stands a horse, with its tail to the spectator ; on the 
extreme right stands the herdboy, leaning on a stick. On the left is an 
open hilly landscape. There are rain-clouds in an evening sky. A ray 
of sunlight falls on the back of the cow lying in front. This and the 
pendant "are excellent examples of the master's most accomplished 
manner " (Sm.). [Pendant to 392.] 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 22^ inches by 28^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 480). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1815; and at the Royal Academy 
Winter Exhibition, 1893, No. 88. 

In the collection of the Marquess of Bute, Richter's 1884 catalogue, 
No. 35. 

350. COWS, SHEEP, AND A HORSE IN A RIVERSIDE 
PASTURE. Sm. 103. In a riverside pasture to the right, five cows 
are lying down and a horse stands near. A young oak divides them from 
another group of two cows ; of these a red cow is standing while the 
other is lying down. Near them are four sheep and a shepherdess in blue 
with white sleeves. In the middle distance are two men in front of some 
rocks. On the river to the left is a boat. A bright, calm, sunny sky. 

Signed, A. cuijp ; canvas, 36 inches by 46^ inches. 



io8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sale. Richard Hulse, London, 1806 (236 : 55., Sir P. F. Bourgeois). 
Bequeathed by Sir P. F. Bourgeois, 1811, to Dulwich College. 
In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 245 (old 
No. 83). 

351. Cows, a Horse, and Herders. On a hill are a herdsman 
and a woman. Cows and a horse are in the foreground. 

Panel, 31 inches by 36^ inches. 

Sale. Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 40 
(220 florins). 

352. Cattle and a Horse in a Pasture. On a hill in the fore- 
ground three cattle are lying down ; near them stands a horse, with a 
youth leaning on his stick. 

Canvas, 26 inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. Huybert Ketelaar, Amsterdam, June 19, 1776, No. 44 (17 florins 
50, Spaan). 

353. Cattle, a Horse, and a Hare. On a grassy hill a dappled 
brown horse stands on the left near tall trees. On the right is a hare 
among large plants. Farther away are cattle, standing and lying down. 
In the distance is a fine river-landscape. 

Panel, 20 inches by 26 inches. 

Sales. Van Zaanen, The Hague, November 16, 1767, No. 33 (20 florins). 
P. Locquet, Amsterdam, September 22, 1783, No. 69 (99 florins, 
Van der Hoop). 

354. Landscape with Horses, Sheep, and Figures. Sm. 55. 
Warm sunlight. "A clear and beautiful effect " (Sm.). [Pendant to 355.] 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 236. 

Sale. C. A. de Calonne, London, March 23, 1795, No. 48 (juo : 55.). 

355. Landscape with Cattle, Horses, and Figures. Sm. 56. 

"Equally beautifully" (Sm.). [Pendant to 354.] 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, \. 236. 

Sale. C. E. de Calonne, London, March 23, 1795, No. 49 (71 : 8s.). 

356. A Riverside Pasture. A group of figures, cattle, and horses 
on the bank of a canal or river. Warm in tone. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 280. 

Sale. Michael Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 8 (21). 

357. Landscape with a Horse and a Sheep. 

Sales. John Purling, London, December 10, 1800. 

Richard Walker, London, March 5, 1803 (157: ios., Kennett). 

358. Landscape with a Horse and Cows reposing. Sm. 84. 

In the distance is Dordrecht. [Pendant to 727.] 
Sale. London, 1803 (79 : i6s.). 

358*. Landscape with a Horse, Cows, and a Woman spinning. 
Panel, 8 inches by 1 1 inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, April 22, 1811, No. 63. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 109 

358^. Horses, Cows, and Sheep. Lying down or standing in a 
pasture. The herdsman sits near. On a hill is a ruin. In the distance, 
a hilly landscape. 

Panel, 12 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. H. A. van der Heuvel, Utrecht, June 27, 1825, No. 12 (40 florins, 
Filler). 

359. Cattle and Horses in a Pasture. Sm. 158. In the right 
foreground two cows are lying down. Beyond them, at the side, is a 
woman carrying a yoke of brass milk-cans. Near the centre are a dun- 
coloured cow and four or five sheep; on the left are two horses. In the 
distance, peasants are loading hay. 

Canvas, about 48 inches by 60 inches. 

In the Van der Potts collection, Rotterdam, 1825, sold as a whole (Sm.). 
But see footnote to 340. 

3590. Five Cows in a Pasture with two Horses. A woman 

has just milked a cow and sets down the milk-pail. In the distance is a 
fine landscape intersected by a river. 

Panel, 20 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. J. B. van Lancker, Antwerp, 1835, No. 45 (600 francs, Bastyns). 

359^. Two Cows lying down, with a Horse, near a Castle. 

Sale. Captain Gunthorpe, London, March 5, 1853 (179: iis., Pearce). 

360. A Horse and Cows resting in a Landscape. 

Signed in full on the left ; panel, n-J inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Pierard, Paris, March 20, 1860, No. 30 (1650 francs). 

361. A Flat Landscape. In the centre a grey horse is leaping up. 
Near it a countryman leads another horse by a halter. Farther away are 
cows, grazing or lying down. 

Panel, 26 inches by 35 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, April 24, 1811, No. 31 (104 florins, Gruyter). 

H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September n, 1820, No. 31 

(76 florins, Engelberts). 
(Probably) Baron de Hirsch, London, February 6, 1897, No. 28 ; 

said to be signed. 

362. COWS AND SHEEP IN A RIVERSIDE PASTURE : 
A COW BEING MILKED. Five cows and three sheep are grazing 
by the riverside. A peasant stands near, watching a woman who milks a 
cow. In the left foreground are two swans. On the right is a man in a 
light- red jacket. The immediate foreground is in shadow to contrast 
with the yellowish tone of the rest. There are clouds in the sky. In 
the background are trees, dispersed irregularly across the picture. The 
treatment of these is characteristic of Cuyp's early period. This picture 
recalls very closely the large picture belonging to the Earl of Ilchester 
(699). 



no AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Signed and dated, "A. Cuyp fecit. 1639."; panel, 14^ inches by 
i6| inches. 

Acquired in 1840 (for 200 francs). 

In the Besan9on Museum, 1886 catalogue, No. in. 

363. A COW BEING MILKED. Sm. 179, and Suppl. 26. 
A red cow stands in the foreground of a hilly landscape, being milked by 
a woman in a red bodice with white sleeves and a blue apron. On the 
other side are three other cows, two of which are lying down. Evening. 

Panel, 15 inches by 19^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 163). 

Sale. Michael Zachary, London, 1838 (178 : ios., Lord Lansdowne). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood. 

364. MILKING-TIME. In the right foreground a cow stands in 
profile to the right. A girl with a straw hat is milking her. In the 
centre, behind the cow, to the left, are two large brass milk-cans. To 
the left is a view over a flat pasture, where numerous cows are grazing or 
lying down ; one cow in the left middle distance is also being milked. 
To the right, behind the first cow, another is grazing. 

A chalk study for the milkmaid is in the Albertina, Vienna. She 
forms, with the cow, the principal group, and is almost exactly repeated in 
the Weber, Bridgewater, and Hermitage pictures (367), (369), and (379). 
Of the master's early period. 

Panel, 20 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. J. Gillott, London, April 19, 1872. 

In the collection of John Heugh, Dublin, who presented it to the Dublin 
National Gallery in 1873. 

In the Dublin National Gallery, 1898 catalogue, No. 49. 

365. COWS RESTING, ONE BEING MILKED (or, A 
Pastoral Landscape). In the foreground cows are resting ; one is 
being milked by a woman. There are other figures. On the right is 
an open landscape ; on the left are ruins. It is genuine, but an utter 
wreck. Some authorities doubt its authenticity. [Pendant to 195.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Hofstede de Groot, Oud Holland, xi. 138. 

In the collection of John Graham Gilbert, bequeathed to Glasgow in 1877. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 251. 

366. FOUR COWS WITH A MILKMAID BY THE 
RIVERSIDE. 

In the collection of the Earl of Wemyss, Gosford House. 

367. A YOUNG MILKMAID IN A PASTURE. Sm. 21, 

70, and Suppl. 9. A sunny landscape. Through the middle distance 
flows a placid river, with many barges on it. In the foreground pasture 
a young girl sits milking a big cow, with its head to the right. The girl 
is in profile to the left but turns her head to the spectator. She wears a 
bluish skirt, a red bodice with white sleeves, a brown apron, and a big 



vii AELBERT CUYP in 

straw hat. Farther to the right are two large milk-cans. On a hill in 
the right middle distance stands a yellow cow, beside a black-and-white 
cow which is lying down. Near them are two men ; one, in a hat and 
red jacket, is seated ; the other, in a cap and yellow jacket, is standing. 
Both are looking down at the river and have their backs to the spectator. 
Near them lies a dog. [Compare 364.] [Pendant to 275.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; canvas, 37 inches 
by 47! inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 129 and 191. 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1829 ; and at the Hamburg Kunsthalle, 
1887, No. 28. 

According to Ch. Blanc : 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 8 1 (1007 florins, Fouquet). 

Lebrun, Paris, April n, 1791 (5150 francs, Rubes) ; but the 
measurements of this picture (Sm. 21), given as 43 inches by 54 
inches (or 40 inches by 52 inches Sm.) do not agree with 
those given above. 
Sales. Robit, Paris, May 21, 1801 (10,100 francs, Constantin). 

Sir Simon Clarke, Bart., May 8, 1840 (955 : ios., Arteria for Sir 

S. Scott) ; it was in the Clarke collection, 1834 (Sm.). 
Earl of Shrewsbury, London, 1857 (^593, Emery). 
Scarisbrick, London, May, 1861 (^420, Ripp). 
Nieuwenhuys, London, December 13, 1886, No. 62 (255, Meyer 

of Berlin). 

In the Weber collection, Hamburg, 1907 catalogue, No. 276 (old 
No. 236). 

368. MILKING-TIME (or, Cattle and Figures). Four cows 
and a milkmaid with her cans are in a pasture at evening. One cow 
lies on the left, facing the spectator, behind some low bushes. Two 
others lie in the centre, facing left. The fourth stands behind to the 
right, facing the spectator. In front of her stands the milkmaid facing 
right and pouring milk from a pail into one of the cans. Behind the 
cows, on the extreme right, sits the herdsman with his dog. On the top 
of a bank behind him a man stands facing the spectator j he is conversing 
with a man who is seated with his back to the spectator ; both figures are 
seen against the sky. In the background beyond a farm and a windmill 
are the church and houses of Dordrecht. Known as the "large Dort." 
[Compare 342.] 

Signed, A. CUYP ; canvas, 62 inches by 78 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 296). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1871, No. 232 ; lent 
by Wynn Ellis. 

In the collection of Lord Bristol. 

In the collection of Lord Coventry, at whose sale it was purchased by 
Wynn Ellis. 

In the collection of Wynn Ellis, bequeathed to the National Gallery, 1876. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 961. 

369. COWS AND A MILKMAID. Sm. 225. On the right in 



112 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



front of tall trees a cow stands in profile to the right. A milkmaid in a 
straw hat is milking the cow, and looks round at the spectator. On the 
right near her lies another cow ; behind it stands a dark horse, in profile 
to the left, and cut in two by the frame. In the centre, behind the first 
cow, are two large milk-cans near a stagnant pool, in the left foreground 
of which ducks are swimming, while a stork stands near. In the left 
foreground horses and cows are grazing. A sunny afternoon. If the 
signature did not seem so genuine as it does, this might be attributed to 
Camphuysen. [Compare 364.] 

Signed ; canvas, 54 inches by 69 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 48). 

Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 40. 

In the Bridgewater collection, of Lord Francis Egerton, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, No. 200. 

370. MILKING-TIME IN A RIVERSIDE PASTURE. 

Sm. 243. In a pasture bounded by a thick wood, on the right, are three 
cows and some sheep. A red-and- white spotted cow moves forward, 
followed by the herdsman. Near the river to the left is a group of five 
sheep and a goat. Farther away are three cows ; one is being milked by 
a woman. On the opposite bank of the river, in the distance, is 
Dordrecht. 

Canvas, 52 inches by 79! inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 20). 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1826 and 1827. 

In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, 1885 catalogue, No. 112; 
it was in the Royal collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

371. CATTLE AND A MILKMAID IN A RIVER LAND- 
SCAPE. In the foreground are goats, sheep, and cows, two boys, and a 
woman milking a cow. A view on the Maas, with Dordrecht in the 
distance. Clear sky, with clouds to the right. 

Signed, A. cuijp ; canvas, 24^ inches by 31 inches. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 315 (old 
No. 184). 

372. Cows in a Pasture, one being Milked. Sm. 277. On a 

river-bank to the right are some cows with two figures, one of whom is 
milking a cow. Farther back are more cows on a hill. To the left is the 
river with boats. An evening sky with clouds. 
Signed, A. cuyp ; panel, 26 inches by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Trhors a* Art en Angleterre, p. 271. 
Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 1005 ; and at the Royal Academy 
Winter Exhibition, 1884, No. 129. 

In the collection of Earl Howe, London where it was in 1823 (Sm.). 

373. A Milkmaid with a Goat and Sheep. A milkmaid in red, 
with a broad felt hat, stands on sloping ground against the sky. Neap 
her are a goat lying down and three sheep, with a milk-pail. In the 
middle distance, on the slope of the hill to the left, are three figures an 



vii AELBERT CUYP 113 

old man, a young peasant woman, and a young man with a broad brimmed 
hat. Warm evening sunlight. A very good picture ; but the type of 
woman is unusual, and the cracks on the surface disturb the effect. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp; panel, 17 inches 
by 1 6 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 138). 

In the collection of Lord Overstone, London, 1857. 

In the collection of Lady Wantage, London, 1902 catalogue, No. 56. 

374. A COW BEING MILKED. Sm. Suppl. 59. In the fore- 
ground, on the bank of a placid stream flowing to the left, a woman in a 
red bodice sits milking a black-and-white cow, which stands on the right 
and faces three-quarters right. A little way off, on the left, are two large 
brass milk-cans. Behind them are three other cows ; one turns towards 
the river on the left, the second is half-hidden by the first, and the third 
goes up the sloping bank to the right. There are boats on the river, and 
houses on the farther bank. A blue sky with light clouds. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, i8 inches by 29 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1893, No. 59, by the 
Earl of Lichfield. 

Sale. Earl of Lichfield, Shugborough Hall, August 1842 (441, J. 
Woodin) according to Sm. ; but as the picture was exhibited by 
the Earl of Lichfield in 1893, it must have been bought in. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1894, No. 3. 

In the collection of Sir Julius Wernher, London. 

375. Three Cows in a Pasture. One is being milked by a girl. 
In the distance is Dordrecht. 

Signed, A. Cuyp j panel, 23 inches by 28^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1882, No. 90, by 
Lord Kilmorey. 

In the collection of the Earl of Kilmorey, Morne Park, Kilkeel, County 
Down, Ireland. 

376. Cows in a Pasture with a Milkmaid. Sm. Suppl. 51. To 
the right is hilly country with a few trees ; to the left is a stream, on the 
edge of which an old eel-basket lies among the rushes, near some ducks 
and a stork. In the pasture are three cows, one of which is being milked 
by a woman in red. Another cow is lying down. A dog crouches near 
a brass milk-can in the foreground. Farther away, four cows are drinking 
in the stream. 

Signed ; canvas, 43 inches by 70 inches. 

In the collection of R. R. Reinagle. 
In the Ricketts collection, Bristol, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of George A. Hearn, exhibited on loan in the Metropolitan 
Museum, New York, 1905 catalogue, No. 307. 

377. Milking-Time. In a pasture near Dordrecht, which is seen in 
the left distance, a girl is milking a brown cow, which stands almost in 
profile to the right. To the left, behind this cow and in a similar position, 

VOL. II I 



n 4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

stands a darker cow, whose head is hidden. In front a third cow is lying 
down, racing right. In the immediate foreground is a thorn-hedge. 
In the Gould collection, New York. 

378. COWS WITH A MILKMAID IN A FARMYARD. 

Sm. 231. In the centre a yellowish cow stands in profile to the right. 
A girl with a large straw hat is milking her. On the right a dark-red 
cow is lying down, in profile to the left. In the background to the left 
are three other cows, one standing and two lying down, near a well, which 
is placed to the right in front of a farmhouse. In the left foreground is 
a cluster of docks, with a large brass milk-can beyond. From the right 
background, where three windmills are visible, a man on a black horse 
comes riding up. A blue sky with light clouds. " A broad and freely- 
painted picture" (Sm.). 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 46^ inches 
by 64^ inches. 

In the collection of J. R. West, Alcote, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Major Sirr. 

Sales. (Probably) J. B. West, London, May 1852 (420, bought in). 

R. Kirkman Hodgson and others, London, February 23, 1907, 

No. 146 (3990, Coureau). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

379. A COW BEING MILKED. Sm. Suppl. 3. A view over 
pastures, during harvest, on a fine afternoon. Near a tree to the right a 
girl sits milking a red cow, beside which another cow, black-and-white, 
is lying down. The girl wears a straw hat, a black skirt, red bodice and 
yellow apron. In the left foreground are two brass milk-cans. In the 
distance peasants are loading hay on a waggon drawn by two horses. 
This must have been a very good picture, but it has been much over- 
cleaned. [Compare 364.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; canvas, 42 inches 
by 69^ inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1107. 

3790. A Girl Milking a Red Cow. She is seen to the right in a 
landscape. Near her lies a yellow cow. On the right are a high hill and 
a waterfall, at which a red cow is drinking. Farther off a white cow 
moves away, a black cow stands still, and a spotted red cow is lying down ; 
in front of these are a white goat and two sheep. In the manner of N. 
Berchem. 

Panel, 23^ inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. -Nicolaas de Bruyn, Leyden, May 10, 1774, No 6. 

380. A Woman Milking a Cow. With two children and several 
domestic animals in a farmyard. By Cuyp, or in his manner. 

Panel, 15 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Blondel de Gagny, Paris, December 10, 1776, No. 304 (100 francs). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 115 

380*. A Milkmaid. Sm. 33. In the foreground of a flat landscape, 
intersected by a stream, is a girl milking a cow. A man stands conversing 
with her. [Possibly identical with 387*'.] 

Panel, i6 inches by 24^- inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
97 (35 florins, Fouquet). 

380^. A Milkmaid. A pasture with cattle standing or lying down. 
One cow is being milked by a woman. 
Panel, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Pieter Gets and others, Amsterdam, January 31, 1791, No. 13 (15 
florins, Wubbels). 

380^. A Youth Milking a Cow. Near him are other cattle. Warm 
evening sunlight. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. F. A. E. Bruynincx, Antwerp, August i, 1791, No. 65 (30 francs). 
380^. Three Cows and a Woman Milking. 

In the Hoker collection, Nymwegen. 

Sale. Slater, London, 1 806 ($ I : 1 2s., with another picture, Birch). 

380*. Cattle and a Woman Milking a Cow. A river landscape 
with a bridge to the right ; cows are standing and lying down ; one is 
being milked by a woman. Near them are two gentlemen on horseback 
with dogs. Sheep in the foreground. 

Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 24, 1828, No. 29 (40 florins, Campen). 

381. Milking - Time. In a river landscape are some cows ; one is 
being milked by a girl. Warm in tone. 

Canvas, 22 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. J. F. Sigault and J. J. van Limbeck, Amsterdam, May 12, 1834, 
No. 49. 

382. Seven Cows with a Milkmaid. Seven cows are in a pasture 
bounded by rocks and trees. A woman is milking a cow : near her are 
two brass milk-cans. A cow on the left drinks from a ditch. In the 
distance, on the top of a hill, is a ruin. The picture is not especially well 
painted, so that it seems doubtful whether it is an original. 

Panel, 43 inches by 32^ inches. 

Sale. Stevens, Antwerp, August 9, 1837, No. 29 (500 francs, bought in). 

382^7. The Milkmaid. 
Canvas, 25^ inches by 24 inches. 
Exhibited at Cologne, 1840, No. 131. 
In the collection of Franz Zanoli, Cologne. 

382^. The Milkmaid. In the foreground of a hilly landscape a 
woman milks a cow. Strong colour. 
Panel, 25^ inches by 30 inches. 
Sale. Rotterdam, August 9, 1842, No. 15. 



u6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

382^. The Milkmaid. A girl milks a black-and-white cow. A 
herd-boy is with three other cows. Early morning. 

Sale. John Hickman, London, March 20, 1847 ( 1 99- IOS -> Jennings). 

383. Six Cows and a Milkmaid. In shallow water to the left 
stand two cows drinking ; one is red, the other black. On a little hill to 
the right, which extends away into the distance and is crowned by a 
tower, a peasant woman is milking a reddish-brown cow, near which are 
two other brown cows. The sixth cow lies near a milk-can in the right 
foreground. Early morning. 

Signed ; panel, \ f ]\ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Paris, April 8, 1861, No. 156 
(230 francs). 

383*7. Three Cows and a Milkmaid. Sheep and goats in the 
foreground. 

Signed, "A. Cuyp p." ; panel, 21 inches by 31^ inches. 

In the Von Krane-Matena collection, Darmstadt, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 849). 

383^. Landscape with Milkmaid. Two cows lying down, one 
standing up, four sheep, a goat and a hay-cart. 

Sale. Ball, London, 1866 (703 : ios., bought in). 

384. Milkmaid and Cows. Sm. Suppl. 50. A sloping meadow on 
the banks of the Maas, with Dordrecht in the distance. On the right 
are six cows, two of them lying down. A reddish-brown cow is being 
milked by a woman in red, near whom lie two brass milk-cans. A fine 
summer morning. "Excellent" (Sm.). 

Panel, about 30 inches by 54 inches. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 660. 

In the Cave collection, Bristol, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. John Cave of Bristol, London, May 6, 1843 (178 : ios., Rutley). 

In the collection of Henry Harvey. 

385. Six Cows and a Milkmaid. On a rising ground are six 
cows, one of which is being milked by a woman, near whom are two 
brass milk-cans. In the distance two men ride along the bank of the 
river flowing by the walls of Dordrecht. A greenish-blue sky with big 
clouds. 

Signed at the bottom in the centre, A. Cuyp ; panel, 33 inches by 47 
inches. 

Sale. Koucheleff-Besborodko, Paris, June 5, 1869, No. 8 (20,000 francs). 

3850. Milking-Time. 

In the collection of the Duke of York. 

Sale. Vokins, London, 1881 (.105, bought in). 

386. Cattle and a Milkman. A number of cows grazing with a 
goat, a herdswoman and a herdsman, who is milking a cow in the fore- 
ground. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 117 

Signed, Albert Cuyp, 1653 ; canvas, 35 inches by 43! inches. 

Sale. St. Remy zur Biesen and others, Cologne, December 9, 1892, 
No. 38. 

386^. A Cow being Milked. In a landscape, with trees on the 
right, a herd of cattle are resting. In the foreground a cow is being 
milked. Golden tone. 

Panel, 18 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Berlin, April 5, 1878, No. 140. 

387. A MAN MILKING COWS. Very early, but not attrac- 
tive. The little sheep on the right is the best thing in the picture. 
13 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Lord Aberdeen and others, London, March 20, 1899, No. 106. 

387*7. Milkmaid with Cows and a Sheep. 

Panel, 23 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. London, June I, 1900, No. 45. 

387^. Milkmaid with Cows. Ruins to the right. 
Panel, 23 inches by 29 inches. 
Sale. London, April 7, 1902, No. 67. 

387*:. Woman milking Cows by the Riverside. 

1 8 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Hirsch and others, London, May 24, 1902, No. 101. 



387*3?. Milkmaid with Cows and a Sheep. 

Panel, 16 inches by 23 inches. 



Sale. London, March 14, 1903, No. 118. 

387*. Milkmaid with a Herd of Cows. 

Panel, 24! inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. London, December 3, 1904, No. 136. 

387/1 Milkmaid with Cows and a Sheep. 

Panel, 21 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. J. G. Menzies and others, London, February 25, 1905, No. 112. 

387^. Cows and a Milkmaid in a Hilly Landscape. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 2i inches. 

Sale. Earl of Cork and Orrery and others, London, November 25, 1905, 
No. 141. 

387/2. Milkmaid with three Cows by a River. In the distance is 
a church. A boat is on the water. 
Canvas, 36^ inches by 58 inches. 

Sales. Duke of Marlborough and others, London, May 14, 1904, No. 51. 
(Probably) London, March 31, 1906, No. 77. 

387*'. Milkmaid and Cattle in a Landscape. [Compare 380*?.] 
Panel, 16 inches by 24^ inches. 
Sa/e. London, July 2, 1906, No. 90. 



n8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

388. HERDSMEN WATERING CATTLE IN THE 
RHINE. To the right, by the steep bank of the Rhine, a couple of 
herdsmen are watering cattle. There are boats on the river. On the 
left bank in the distance is a town. Full sunshine. Of the master's 
best period, about 1660. A precisely similar composition, on a somewhat 
larger scale, is at Rotterdam (397). 

Panel, 12 inches by 15^ inches. 

In the SchOnborn collection, Vienna, 1866. 

In the Suermondt collection, Aachen. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1904 catalogue, No. 86 \h. 

389. COWS DRINKING AT A RIVER, AND SHEP- 
HERDS WITH A FLOCK OF SHEER In a river with a 
wooded bank, five cows stand drinking in the left foreground. A sixth 
cow is lying down, to the right, on a road leading up a hill. Along this 
road two horsemen are riding away in the middle distance. Farther left, 
in the middle distance, on the slope of the road, three shepherds let their 
sheep graze. On the extreme right is a tree by the road. A clear golden 
evening sky. Of the master's early period. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; panel, 21 inches 
by 29^ inches. 

Exhibited at DUsseldorf, 1904, No. 296. 

Sale. D. Sellar of London, Paris, June 6, 1889, No. 12. 

In the collection of Karl von der Heydt, Berlin. 

390. COWS IN A STREAM. Sm. 170. Five brown or black 
cows stand, to the left, in the shallow margin of a placid river. The 
foremost, on the right of the group, and with its tail to the spectator, is 
drinking. In the right distance is the opposite bank with bushes j to 
the left is a village church. On the river, to the right, are sailing- 
boats. Sunset after rain. One of Cuyp's best pictures on the Continent. 
[Compare 396.] 

Signed on the left, A. cuijp ; canvas, 23^ inches by 29^ inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 723). 

In the collection of Prince Esterhazy, Vienna, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, 1906 catalogue, No. 587 (old 
No. 408). 

391. RIVER SCENE WITH CATTLE. Sm. 164. In the 
right centre, below the steep bank of a broad and placid river, five cows 
stand in the shallow water. The herdsman sits on the shore to the right. 
On the left is a boat with two anglers. In the middle distance are small 
sailing-boats, and beyond them is the opposite shore with trees. A fine 
sunny evening after a showery day. A "charming picture" (Sm.). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 18 inches by 29 inches. 

Sold by Sm. to Joseph Barchard, 1822 (.420). 

Sold by Sm. to Sir Robert Peel, Bart., before 1834. 

Purchased with the Peel collection, 1871, for the National Gallery. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 823. 

392. A HERD OF COWS IN A RIVER. Sm. 197. In the 



vii AELBERT CUYP 119 

foreground are five cows ; four stand in the water, while the fifth lies on 
the river-bank. A yellow cow is seen in profile ; two others are red with 
white faces. The cow to the left is drinking. On the river, in the 
middle distance, are two boats, one of them with a sail. On the farther bank 
a church rises amidst trees. A fine evening after rain. This and the 
pendant (349) are " excellent examples of the master's most accomplished 
manner" (Sm.). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 23^ inches by 28^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 480). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1893, No. 95. 
In the collection of the Marquess of Bute, London, Richtcr's 1884 cata- 
logue, No. 36 ; it was in this collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

393. FIVE COWS IN A RIVER. Sm. 222. In the foreground 
five cows stand in the shallow margin of a broad river. The cow farthest 
in the stream is dark with a white face, and is drinking. The others 
stand in a group. Along the farther bank, in the distance, are boats. 
Sunset on a fine autumn evening. [Pendant to 205.] 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 23 inches by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 163). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1877, No. 76 ; 1891, 
No. 87 ; and 1903, No. 83. 

Sale. Lord Radstock, London, May 12, 1826. 

In the collection of Abraham Robarts, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

394. A HERD OF COWS IN A RIVER, WITH A 
HERDSMAN. Sm. 199 and Suppl. 17. By the bank of a shallow 
river, flowing from the left distance to the right foreground, three cows 
stand in the middle, while two on the right are lying down in profile to 
the left. Beyond the cow on the extreme right, at the foot of the steep 
bank, stands a young herdsman with a long stick over his right shoulder ; 
he faces right and converses with a young girl, who is in profile to the 
left. Both wear broad-brimmed hats. In the left distance extends a 
rather flat landscape. In the middle distance, to the left, on rising ground, 
a shepherd and a child stand near a few sheep ; behind them, to the right, 
a woman is seated. A fine warm evening. An " excellent production " 
(Sm.). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp ; panel, 16 inches 
by 24 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 441). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1831. 

Reproduced in Adolphe Siret, Dictionnaire des Peintres. 

In the collection of William Wells, Redleaf, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. William Wells of Redleaf, London, May 12, 1848 (236, Nieuwen- 

huys). 

In the collection of Colonel Tomline, Orwell Park. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1896, No. 6. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 



120 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

395. COWS IN A RIVER. Sm. Suppl. 4. To the right, on 
the low bank of a river on which are sailing-boats, a herdsman sits near a 
herd of ten cows. Three have entered the water to drink. In the misty 
distance, to the right, are a church-tower, windmills, and other buildings 
of a town ; to the left are the ruins of a castle, identified as Loevenstein, 
which is at least doubtful. Sunset. "Painted with a rich impasto of 
colour " (Sm.). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuyp ; panel, 19 inches 
by 29^ inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. noi. 

396. COWS IN A RIVER. Sm. Suppl. 5. Five cows Sm. 
says six stand on a bank projecting into a river, with many sailing-boats 
on it. One cow, dark with white spots, is drinking. The rest stand in 
a group. A summer evening. Quite in the style of the Budapest picture 
(390), but not so strongly lighted. 

Panel, 15 inches by 22 inches. 

In the collection of Prince E. Sapiega, confiscated in 1832. 

Acquired by the Emperor Nicholas I. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1104. 

397. COWS IN A RIVER. To the right, at the foot of a high 
hill, a strip of land juts out into a river. Here are two herdsmen, one 
standing with a staff in his hand, the other lying down. Near them are 
six cows, four brown, one black spotted, another red. One cow turns 
towards the projecting land, another comes away from it, a third lies 
down in the centre, the fourth and fifth are drinking in the river. The 
sixth, a red cow, stands in the water at the end of the strip of land, and 
turns its head back to the right. To the left is the river, which divides 
into two branches in the middle distance ; the left-hand branch disappears 
behind a small projecting rock. A rowing-boat with men aboard proceeds 
in that direction, followed on the right at some distance by a sailing-boat. 
In the distance, to the left of the foot of the hill, is a town with many 
towers. Fine sunlight. At Berlin there is an almost exact replica (388) 
of this picture, on a somewhat smaller scale. Both the original and the 
replica are of the master's best period. 

In the right-hand bottom corner a " C " in white paint survives from 
the signature; panel, 16 inches by 2i inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. B. 16. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 56. 

398. Landscape with Cattle and Figures. Sm. 57. In the 
foreground cows stand in the water. Trees and ruins. Warm sunlight. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 245 ; and by Ch. Blanc, 
Le Tresor de la Curiojite, ii. 168. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
(possibly) No. 99 (105 florins, Coders) measuring 19 inches by 
28 inches. 
C. A. de Calonne, London, March 23, 1795, No. 47 (231). 






vii AELBERT CUYP 121 

399. Five Cows drinking at a River. Sm. 61. The river fills 
the greater part of the picture. Sunset. 

Panel, 13 inches by 15 inches. 

Sales. Destouches, Paris, March 21, 1794 (396 francs). 

John Trumbull, London, February 17, 1797 (48). 

400. Cows by a River. On a little strip of land projecting into a 
placid river is a group of cows. A fine and broadly-painted picture. 

Canvas, i8 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. D. 14. 

401. Four Cows by a River. Sm. 123. In a pasture by the Maas 
are four cows, one of which is drinking. To the left is a hill with trees, 
under which two herdsmen are resting. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 292. 
Sale. Clos, Paris, November 1 8, 1812 (1910 francs). 

401*. Five Cows by a Placid Stream. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

32 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 6, 1816, No. 40. 

402. Four Cows in the Water. Sm. 114. A hilly landscape with 
a large piece of water on the right, in which four cows are standing. In 
the middle distance a shepherd in a red jacket, with his dog by his side, is 
tending three sheep and three cows. In the foreground lies a fisherman's 
eel-basket ; a stork stands partly hidden among the water-plants. " This 
picture has been considerably worked on by Sir F. Bourgeois, to whom it 
formerly belonged, and this alone is the cause of its being sold for so small 
a price (in 1829) " (Sm.). [Pendant to 337.] 

45 inches by 69 inches. 

In the collection of Sir F. Bourgeois, who died in 1811. 
Sales. Sir Philip Stephens, London, May 17, 1810 (1050). 

Lord Ranelagh, London, 1822 (840) ; and May 15, 1829 

(78: 'SO- 

403. Cows watering. Five cows in a pasture by a river ; one is 
drinking. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 26(^21, Collins). 

4030. Three Cows by a River. Beside a placid stream are three 
cows. In the centre a black-and-white spotted cow stands in the water, 
from which it has been drinking. A black cow, with its head to the 
spectator, stands drinking, farther away. A brown cow lies down on the 
left. The cows are illumined by the rays of the setting sun. To the 
right is a large tree, the lowest branch of which is broken. 

Signed in the centre at foot, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 35^ inches by 
inches. 

Sale. H. D. Roussel, Brussels, May 23, 1893, No. 44. 



122 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

404. Five Cows in a River. A river with many sailing-boats on it 
fills the whole width of the picture. Five cows stand in shallow water in 
the left foreground. In the distance is the opposite bank, with trees and a 
church. Evening. 

Signed, A. Cuyp j panel, 23 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. L. von Lilienthal and others, Cologne, December 21, 1893, No. 225. 

404*7. Cows by a River. There are sailing-boats and other boats on 
the river which is bordered by hills ; in the left distance is a village. At 
the foot of the hills to the right are two herdsmen, near some cows, one of 
which stands in the water. 

Signed ; canvas, 18 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Dllrnberg and others, Frankfort-on-Main, December 7, 1897, No. 17. 

404^. Five Cows watering. By a broad river, with sailing-boats. 

Panel, 14 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. D'Eve and others, Cologne, March 20, 1879, No. 3^ 

404^. Four Cows in a River. 

Panel, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. London, June 14, 1902, No. 117. 

405. Cows watering. Sm. 254. Water fills most of the picture. 
On a tongue of land in front a herdboy leans on a stick, with a dog 
behind him, watching four cows. Two lie in profile on the bank ; a 
third, tawny yellow, is drinking ; the fourth stands in the water. 

Described by Sra. from an aquatint by Coqueret. 

406. LANDSCAPE WITH HORSEMEN, AND HERDS- 
MEN DRIVING THEIR SHEEP AND CATTLE HOME. 

Sm. Suppl. ii. In the left foreground of a hilly landscape two cavaliers 
come riding down a broad road, which curves away behind them and 
passes a ruined castle on a hill in the middle distance. Along the road, 
in front, two shepherds drive a flock of sheep, on which the evening sun 
shines and casts long shadows. In the shadow to the left, behind them, 
come some cows with their herdsman. In the left distance is a river- 
valley. This is very finely rendered. The effect of sunlight on the 
sheep is also good, despite the brownish-yellow colour. The picture is of 
the transition period between Cuyp's early and later styles. [Compare 
412.] 

Signed, in the left-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp j panel, 26^ inches 
by 36 inches. 

Purchased by A. de Lelie, 1810 (1000 florins). 
In the collection of J. Rombouts, Dordrecht, 1834 (Sm.) and 1850. 
In the collection of L. Dupper, Dordrecht, bequeathed in 1870 to the 
Rijksmuseum. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Dupper bequest, 1907 catalogue, No. 744. 

407. LANDSCAPE WITH HERDSMEN DRIVING 
THEIR COWS HOME. Sm. 106. In the middle distance of a 
hilly landscape with a river, two herdsmen are driving a herd of cows to 



vii AELBERT CUYP 123 

the right. One man rides on an ass ; the other walks at his right. In 
the centre, among the cows, a woman rides on another ass. In the right 
foreground are two tall and slender trees. Fine warm sunlight. A good, 
if not first-rate, example of the master's maturity. [Compare 314.] 

Signed, in the left-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; canvas, 43^ inches 
by 40^ inches. 

Sale. G. van der Pot, Rotterdam, June 6, 1808 (3860 florins, Stratenfus 

for the Rijksmuseum). 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 745. 

408. MAN WITH COWS IN THE SUNLIT DUNES. 

By a road to the right is a cottage. In the middle distance to the left 
is a well, near two ruined huts. In the foreground a man drives four 
cows along the road. An early picture. 

Signed, in the left-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; panel, 19^ inches 
by 28^ inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 722). 

In the Suermondt collection, Aachen. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich .Museum, Berlin, 1904 catalogue, No. S6la. 

409. HERDSMEN DRIVING THEIR CATTLE. Sm. 132. 
Along a road, bounded on one side by rocks and bordered on the other 
side by high trees, are a farmer on a piebald horse and a herdsman driving 
four cows. Behind them a man and woman are driving sheep. Farther 
away, along the road, an old man leads an ass on which sits a young 
woman with a child in her arms. On the opposite side is a river bordered 
by hills on which are houses. A brilliant sunset. " This is a studied and 
highly-finished production " (Sm.). 

Panel, 26 inches by 35^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. no), and by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, 
ii. 321. 

In the collection of the King of Poland. 

Sales. Servad, Amsterdam, June 25, 1778, No. 48 (560 florins, Yver). 

Prince Talleyrand, Paris, July 7, 1817 the entire collection bought 

beforehand by W. Buchanan. 

Bought by John Webb (Sm., and valued at ^1050). 

In the collection of Alexander Baring, 1834 (Sm.) ; he bought it from 
Buchanan (for 1650). 

In the collection of Lord Ashburton, The Grange ; purchased as a whole 
by the London dealers, Messrs. Thomas Agnew, August 1907. 

410. LANDSCAPE WITH SHEPHERDS DRIVING 
SHEEP. Sm. 90. A road, shaded by old trees, leads from the left 
distance to the right foreground. Along the road comes a flock of sheep, 
preceded to the right by a shepherd playing a flute. In the centre a 
woman rides on a pack-ass ; beside her to the right are a man and another 
shepherd, who carries a stick in his left hand and points with the right 
towards the spectator, while he turns his head to the left. Behind the 
foremost tree on the left a boy, carrying a basket on a stick over his 
shoulder, and holding two dogs in a leash behind him, walks along with 



124 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

a little girl. Behind him, to the left, is a third and larger dog. In the 
middle distance to the right is a placid river, with buildings at the foot of 
a steep hill on the farther bank. Sunset. In contrast to Cuyp's many 
yellow pictures, this is unusually pink in tone. 

Signed, "A. C." ; panel, 16 inches by 22 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 102. 

In the collection of Wei bore Ellis Agar, purchased as a whole by Lord 
Grosvenor, 1806. 

In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, London, 1888 catalogue, 
No. 24 ; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

410*. Four Cows driven by a Mounted Herdsman. A brook 
flowing through a valley divides the hilly foreground in two. From the 
left, on a road leading upward, come a mounted herdsman and four cows, 
the foremost of which is black with spots and faces the spectator ; only the 
horse's head is visible. Near them, almost in the middle, are two tall 
trees. To the right on a wooded bank is a house. A fine golden sky ; 
afternoon. 

Signed at the foot ; panel, 29^ inches by 24 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

4100. Peasant driving Cattle. In a wooded landscape a peasant 
drives some cows and other cattle. Cottages in the background. 
Canvas, 19 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Servad, Amsterdam, June 25, 1778, No. 49 (8 florins, De Looder). 

4io/>. Peasant leading an Ox in a Landscape. 
Signed, A. CUYP ; canvas, 13^ inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. Macalester Loup, The Hague, August 20, 1806, No. 160(30 florins). 

4 1 or. A Herdsman driving a Herd of Cows. Some figures to 
the left. By Cuyp, or in his manner. 
Panel, 14 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Dr. Luchtmans, Rotterdam, April 20, 1876, No. 34 (n florins). 

4icv/. A Bull led by a Peasant and a Boy in a Landscape with 
a Lake. 

Sale. London, 1831 (.204: 153., bought in). 

4io<?. Cattle being driven. Sm. 232. A rocky landscape with a 
cascade in the foreground. Two peasants drive two cows and a flock of 
sheep down a steep and rugged road between rocks. On a hill beyond 
are herdsmen and cattle. In the foreground three sheep stand in the 
stream and a dog is drinking. "A slight and hasty production " (Sm.). 

Dated 1654 ; canvas, 45 inches by 56 inches. 

In the Dresden Gallery, 1834 (Sm.), but not to be found there since 1860. 

41 of. Cattle driven by a Herdsman through the Water. 
Panel, 19 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. B. de Harde Swart and others, Amsterdam, November 1 6, 1847, 
No. 33 (100 florins, A. Wolff). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 125 

411. Cows and a Herdsman crossing a Brook. In the fore- 
ground of a hilly Italian landscape with large trees a herdsman with cows 
is wading through a brook, which is crossed by a bridge. To the right 
are numerous buildings along a road. 

Panel, 26^ inches by 40 inches. 

Sales. (Possibly) De Beehr and Van Leeuwen, Amsterdam, November 14, 

1825, No. 19 (100 florins, Roos). 
Amsterdam, March 2, 1869, No. 28. 

412. PEASANTS DRIVING CATTLE IN A HILLY 
LANDSCAPE. A horseman dressed in brown rides a grey horse over 
a bridge, which leads to the hills on the right. Near him are two trees. 
One of the peasants driving cattle is dressed in red \ his feet are bare, and 
he carries a stick on his shoulder ; the other peasant sits on a cow. To 
the left, farther back, are two other herdsmen ; on this side is a distant 
view. A genuine picture of the same period as the very similar Amsterdam 
picture (406). 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 26 inches by 
35 inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Hannah Entwisle of Sunninghill, London, February i, 1908, 
No. 130 (588, Douglas). 

413. Cattle being driven through a Tunnel. Sm. 157. A 
young herdsman with a dog drives three cows and some sheep into 
a tunnel, through which is seen a hilly landscape. In front of them a 
peasant rides on a pack-ass ; he carries a basket on one arm and holds 
a stick. The rays of the evening sun enter the tunnel and illumine the 
group of figures and animals. "This agreeable picture is painted in the 
manner of Berghem " (Sm.). 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Sales. A. van der Werff van Zuidland, Dordrecht, July 21, 1811, No. 20 

(600 florins, Hart). 
H. van der Werf, Rotterdam, April 19, 1816, No. 7 (361 florins, 

Van der Blijt). 

T. Emmerson, London, 1829 (^69:63.). 
In the collection of Richard Downman, Bristol, 1834 (Sm.). 

414. Peasants driving Cattle through a Tunnel. Sm. 252. 
The principal group consists of a laden ass and two cows, near which are 
three men, two of whom are seated. A little beyond them a man leads a 
mule, near five sheep. Through the tunnel are seen ruins and distant 
hills. The figures and animals are small. 

Panel, 18 inches by 22^ inches. 

In the Steengracht collection, The Hague, 1834 (Sm.). 

415. CATTLE, HERDSMEN, AND HORSEMEN IN A 
HILLY LANDSCAPE WITH A RIVER. Sm. 138, and Suppl. 
47. On a road in the foreground are two riders on grey horses ; one 
wears a blue jacket with red sleeves, the other is in red and sits on a red 
saddle. A herdwoman dressed in blue and white is telling the second rider 



126 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

the way. On the left is a herd of cows and sheep with two herdsmen on 
the bank of the river ; in the middle distance a man in red drives three 
cows across a bridge with three arches. From the bridge comes another 
horseman riding past a clump of four tall and slender trees ; he is dressed 
in dull blue and rides a chestnut horse. In the distance is a large town 
with many towers. In the extreme left foreground is a dog in shadow. 
A fine summer morning. This is one of the best pictures by Cuyp on 
the Continent. [Compare 462.] 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; canvas, 40 inches by 
64 inches (39 inches by 62 J inches, according to the 1872 catalogue ; 38 
inches by 63 inches, according to the 1894 catalogue). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1872, No. 157, and 
1894, No. 56. 

Safes. John Knight, London, 1819 (987, bought in), and 1821 (945, 

bought in). 
London, 1840 (997 : ios., Arteria). 

In the collection of Edmund Higginson, Saltmarshe Castle, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. Edmund Higginson, London, 1860 (1575, White). 

In the collection of Joseph Bond, 1872, who lent it to the Academy. 

In the possession of the London dealer C. J. Wertheimer, 1894, who lent 
it to the Academy. 

In the collection of Comte Boni de Castellane. 

In the possession of the Paris dealers F. Kleinberger and Wildenstein. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

416. HERDSMAN DRIVING COWS OVER A BRIDGE. 

-In the foreground is a river. Across it, in the middle distance, is a 
drawbridge leading to a castle. Over the bridge a man drives three cows 
to the left. On the edge of the water, in the left foreground, are three 
other cows. A boat with two men is on the river near. In the distance 
are houses and hills. A clear sky with clouds ; afternoon. 
Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 18 inches by 22^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1893, No. 57 ; and at 
the Rembrandt Exhibition of Fred. Muller and Co., Amsterdam, 1906, No. 28. 
In the collection of the Earl of Lichfield, 1893. 
In the collection of A. Lehmann, Paris. 

417. COWS BEING DRIVEN OVER A LITTLE 
BRIDGE. In the left distance are the towers of a town, apparently 
The Hague. 

In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

418. Herdsman driving Cows over a Bridge. Sm. 34. A hilly 
landscape with clumps of trees. In the centre are a road and a bridge, 
over which a peasant drives several cows. 

Panel, i8 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 100 (327 florins, Beekman). 

418*. A Herd of Cows crossing a Bridge. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 127 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September n, 1820, No. 34 
(400 florins, Roos). 

41 8. Cows being driven over a Bridge. In a hilly landscape, 
a herdsman drives three cows over a bridge. Sunset. By Cuyp, or 
after him. 

Panel, 14 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. H. Stokvisch, C. Henning, and others, Amsterdam, May 22, 1828, 
No. 39 (25 florins, Lamme). 

419. Herdsman with Cattle crossing a Bridge. Sm. 126. To 
the right is a canal with a bridge of a single arch, over which a herdsman 
drives two cows. Nearer to the front are four other cows. Two anglers 
in a boat are near the bridge, beyond which is seen a cottage partly hidden 
by trees. On the other side is an open and undulating country with a 
town in the distance. Sunset. 

Panel, 27^ inches by 37! inches. 

S*&._ Willett Willett, London, 1813 (283 : los.). 
Bought privately from Lady B. by Sm., 1817 (.315). 
In the collection of the Marquess of Bristol, 1834 (Sm.). 

419*. Cows being driven over a Bridge. To the left at the 
foot of a hill are the ruins of a castle. Some cows are being driven 
over a bridge across a river. In the middle distance are shepherds 
with sheep. 

Panel, 19! inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. P. J. le Jolle and others, Amsterdam, October 28, 1839, No. 13 
(360 florins, Roos). 

419^. Cattle being driven over a Bridge. In a fine landscape, 
a herdsman drives a herd over a wooden bridge. Some bushes in front. 

Sale. Paris, March 4, 1845, No. 15 (370 francs). 

419^. Herdsman with Cattle on a Bridge. A herdsman with 
cattle is crossing a bridge over a river. In the foreground a girl with 
bare legs wades through the water j a woman with two children sits on 
the river-bank. By Cuyp, or in his manner. 

Canvas, 20 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Jonkheer V. L. Vegelin van Claerbergen, Leeuwarden, April 6, 1846, 
No. 27. 

419^. Three Cows driven by a Peasant over a Bridge. 

Sunshine. 

Sale. London, 1856 (278, Nieuwenhuys). 

420. A HORSEMAN IN RED ON A GREY HORSE. 

Sm. 221. The horseman converses with a herdsman to the right in a 
road. This road fills the whole width of the foreground, ascends to the 
right and passes along the foot of steep hills; it is bordered with bushes 
and some trees. In the left foreground are a flock of sheep, and two 



128 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

cows lying down. Beyond them in the middle distance is a placid 
expanse of water, on the farther bank of which a castle with a great 
tower rises amidst trees. Farther right are the ruins of another castle. 
A third peasant is seen near the hills. A fine summer evening ; light 
clouds in a blue sky. " This is a production of the rarest excellence 
and beauty" (Sm.). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 2i inches by 28^ inches. 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1906, No. 22. 

In the collection of John Newington Hughes, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. John Newington Hughes, London, April 14, 1848. 

In the collection of W. A. Hankey, Beaulieu, Hastings. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1899, No. 4. 

In the collection of Oscar Huldschinsky, Berlin. 

421. HILLY LANDSCAPE WITH A HORSEMAN. At 

sunset. In the right foreground a man in red sits a grey horse which 
faces the spectator ; he converses with a peasant in a bluish-grey jacket 
who stands beside him to the left. Behind him lies a farm, near which 
are trees in the centre of the picture. In front of these trees, to the left, 
two cows lie in profile to the right. On the left a strip of land juts out 
into the river. In the distance are hills. A yellow evening sky. An 
example of the painter's maturity. 

Signed in the water in front with the monogram, A. C. ; panel, i8 
inches by 22 inches. 

Acquired from the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, 1888. 

In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 10. 

422. A MAN AND WOMAN ON HORSEBACK, A HERDS- 
MAN AND CATTLE. Sm. 214. To the left is an avenue of old 
gnarled trees leading to the front. A man wearing blue breeches and a 
bright red jacket rides up the avenue on a grey horse ; to the right, beside 
him, is a woman on a bay, beside whom, still farther right, walks a herdsman 
in a blue jacket with a basket on one arm and a stick over his left shoulder. 
To the left, behind the group, follows a herdsman with cows and sheep. 
On the right, by the foremost tree, beside a boy, stands a girl, in profile 
to the left, holding a jug. Both watch the riders. At the foot of the 
tree a small boy stands beside a little girl who is seated. In the immediate 
foreground are three dogs. Behind some bushes is seen a herdsman. In 
the distance are hills. The figures stand out rather bright in colour 
against the dark green trees. Not a very attractive picture. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the monogram, A. C. ; 
panel, i6 inches by 24 inches. 

A repetition, with a few variations, was in the collection ot Charles Bullin, 
Liverpool, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. W. A. Verbrugge, The Hague, September 27, 1831, No. 10 (1000 

florins, Chaplin). 

In the collection of Joseph Robins, 1834 (Sm.). 
Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 14 

(830 francs, Lamme, for the Dordrecht Museum). 
In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 14. 






vii AELBERT CUYP 129 

423. A HERDSMAN WITH COWS, AND A HORSEMAN. 

Sm. 239. A hilly country with a river, and a large castle in the distance. 
Along a winding road, skirted on one side by trees and bushes, a gentleman 
on a grey horse comes towards the river which flows across the foreground. 
Two cows stand in the shallow water ; one is drinking. The herdsman 
stands behind them, leaning on his stick and looking towards the rider. 
A fine sunny morning. 

Panel, 17 inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 279). 

Engraved by Lupton. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1815. 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, No. 84 ; it was 
there in 1834 (Sm.). 

424. FIVE COWS, HERDSMAN, AND TWO RIDERS. 

Sm. 93. The two foremost cows are lying down ; one faces left, the 
other right. The three others stand behind in profile to the left. On 
the right, near the cows, a cavalier on a black horse has pulled up to 
speak to a herdsman standing at his left side. The cavalier is seen from 
the back, facing three-quarters right. Beside the herdsman is a woman. 
To the right, and farther back, a second cavalier on a grey horse is riding 
away. In the distance to the left is a landscape diversified by water, 
trees, and buildings, and by plants and bushes in the immediate foreground. 
" An excellent work " (Sm.). 

Signed j panel, 20 inches by 36 inches. 

A copy was in the possession of a London dealer, 1 906. 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1828. 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, No. 92 ; it was 
there in 1834 (Sm.). 

425. HERDSMEN WITH CATTLE IN A LANDSCAPE. 

Sm. 92. On rising ground, to the right of a row of trees, is a horseman 
in a red coat followed by a peasant on a mule. In the immediate fore- 
ground a man, with his back to the spectator, leans on his staff; beside 
him are his dog and some cows. On the left, somewhat farther back, are 
two herdsmen with sheep and a cow drinking at a pool. High and steep 
hills bound the composition on the left. At the foot of the hills, in the 
middle distance, is a town, with a river flowing past. Evening. Cloudy 
sky. [Compare 437.] 

Signed in full ; canvas, 52 inches by 72 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 392). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1884, No. 93, and 
1903, No. 44. At this latter exhibition was also seen a replica (437), slightly 
wider 52 inches by 77 inches because of the greater distance between the 
trees. 

In the collection of Lord Scarsdale, Kedleston Hall where it was in 
1834 (Sm.). 

426. LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE AND FIGURES: 
EVENING. Sm. 52. On the right, under a tree with over-arching 
branches, a horseman, in a red coat and broad-brimmed hat, sits on a 

VOL. II K 



i 3 o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

grey horse, with his back to the spectator. He seems to be inquiring the 
way of a young woman who stands to the right, facing the spectator ; he 
points with his whip towards the distance. His dog stands beside him 
at the woman's feet, in profile to the left. In the centre lie two cows, 
one in profile to the left, the other facing the spectator ; behind them is a 
flock of sheep. In the left foreground are two dogs, a goat, and the 
stump of a tree. In the middle distance behind them is a lake ; three 
riders in the centre are watering their horses in the shallow margin. In 
the distance to the right, beyond town and trees, are lofty hills. A sunny 
evening. 

Signed, A. cuijp j canvas, 52 inches by 78 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (i. 357). 

Engraved by P. Maxell, J. C. Bendy, and E. Goodall. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, London, May 29, 1794 (204 : 155., according 

to Sm. ; or ^89, according to Art Sales). 

In the collection of J. J. Angcrstein, purchased for the National Gallery, 
1824. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 53. 

427. HORSEMAN AND COWS IN A MEADOW: 
EVENING. Sm. 102. To the right is a group of seven cows. The 
two nearest, a dark brown and a dun, are lying down, with their heads to 
the left. Behind them, two stand in profile to the right j another behind 
them, on the left of the group, faces the spectator. In the centre a horse- 
man, with his back to the spectator, sits on a grey horse ; he converses with 
a herdsman who stands to the right with a long staff in his hand ; a little 
boy with a broad-brimmed hat stands, with his back to the spectator, 
beside the herdsman. To the left of the horse is a black-and-white dog. 
In the immediate foreground to the left a young herdsman lies asleep. 
Beyond him is a view over a flat landscape. Evening sunlight. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 28^ inches by 42^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (i. 408). 
Sold by the London dealers Woodburn (^500). 

In the collection of Sir Robert Peel, Bart., 1834 (Sm.) ; bought with that 
collection for the National Gallery, 1871. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 822. 

428. THE WINDMILLS (or, View of Dordrecht, with 
Three Windmills). Landscape with a view of a distant town, and 
three windmills in the middle distance. To the left is a farm. In the 
centre a milkmaid stands on a dyke j nearer to the front is a horseman. 
To the left is the river. 

Signed in full ; canvas, 44^ inches by 76^ inches. 

In the Wynn Ellis collection, bequeathed in 1876 to the National Gallery. 
In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 960. 

429. LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE AND FIGURES. 

In the foreground three cows are lying down on the bank of a river, 
while a fourth stands beside them to the right, facing the spectator. 
Behind the prostrate cows a boy with his back to the spectator sits on a 



vii AELBERT CUYP 131 

black horse, seen almost in profile to the right against the sky. Beside 
and behind the cow standing on the right are the herdsman with a stick 
and a woman. In the distance, to the left, are sailing-boats on the river, 
and beyond them a castle on the opposite low-lying shore. 
Panel, 14^ inches by 19^ inches. 

In the collection of John Staniforth Beckett, who bequeathed it to the 
National Gallery in 1889. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 1289. 

430. HORSEMEN AND HERDSMEN WITH CATTLE. 

Sm. 10. In the right foreground are two cavaliers on horseback. One, 
in blue, is mounted on a grey horse ; the other, in scarlet, rides a bay. 
The man in scarlet speaks to two herdsmen, who, with a flock of sheep, 
a cow, and a laden ass, are resting in the shade of lofty trees. A third 
cavalier gallops towards them from the left, where another herdsman 
stands near two asses, one standing, the other lying down. In the 
distance is a winding river on which are ships ; farther away are buildings 
and a lofty hill. A fine and sultry summer morning. A good picture, 
warm in tone. [Pendant to 448.] 

Canvas, 46 inches by 66 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 1 80). 

In the Slingeland collection, 1752 (Holt, ii. 496). 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 71 (1920 florins, Fouquet). 
Dubois, Paris, 1785 (4000 francs). 

In the collection of William Smith, M.P., sold privately to Edward Gray, 
who sold it, 1830 (^1300). 

In the collection of Alexander Baring, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Lord Ashburton, The Grange ; sold as a whole, 
August 1907, to Messrs. Agnew. 

In the possession of the London dealers Messrs. Thomas Agnew. 

431. LANDSCAPE WITH HERDSMEN, AND CHRIST 
WITH THE DISCIPLES GOING TO EMMAUS. A hilly 
landscape. To the left is the sea-coast. In the distance are lofty hills, 
recalling in shape Monte Pellegrino near Florence. In the right fore- 
ground is a group of several figures, among which are Christ and the 
disciples of Emmaus. On the extreme right is an inn, with the host 
standing at the door. On the road passing it is a woman on horseback 
with an adult and two children. Four cows and a herdsman. The 
general tone is very pink. 

Signed with the monogram, A. C. ; canvas, 44 inches by 60 inches. 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London. 

In the possession of the London dealers Messrs. Thomas Agnew. 

432. TWO HORSEMEN, AND SHEPHERDS WITH 
SHEEP. Sm. 22. A road runs from the right foreground to the 
left distance. On it, to the right near tall trees, two horsemen are 
conversing with a shepherd, with a little girl at his side. Behind the 
shepherd to the left is his dog j to the right are his sheep, mostly lying 
down. In the middle distance a man is riding an ass with panniers. 



132 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Farther away to the left are a man and woman with a flock of sheep. 
To the right are rocks and hills, and the ruins of a round tower. In the 
distance to the left is a flat country with a river. In the foreground, 
beside the road, are water and bushes. A fine summer evening. 
Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 40 inches by 60 inches. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 20). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1826 and 1827 ; and at the Royal 
Academy Winter Exhibition, 1885, No. 101. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 82 (1250 florins, Fouquet). 
Jan Gildemeester Jansz, Amsterdam, June n, 1800, No. 30 (3200 

florins, Telting). 

In the collection of King William IV., 1834 (Sm.). 
In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, London. 

433. HERDSMAN WITH COWS, AND A RIDER, 
NEAR A RIVER. Sm. 264. On the left is a broad river, with 
a small town on the farther bank and a lofty hill beyond it. In the 
foreground, at the side, a sportsman hidden among bushes is shooting 
ducks. On the right is a road passing between high trees ; a cavalier 
with his back to the spectator sits on a grey horse, conversing with a 
herdsman. Near them are two cows standing, and a bull with two cows 
lying down. Farther away are peasants with sheep. Evening but Sm. 
speaks of the "brilliant effect of the morning sun." "This beautiful 
picture merits the highest commendations " (Sm.). 

Signed in full on the right ; canvas, 60 inches by 96 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 480). 

Engraved by W. Elliot. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, 1815 ; and at the London Guildhall, 
1894, No. 45. 

In the collection of the Marquess of Bute, London, Richter's 1884 
catalogue, No. 38 ; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

434. LANDSCAPE WITH SHEEP AND SHEPHERDS: 
EVENING (or, Evening Ride near a River). Sm. 261. In 
the left foreground are a shepherd and shepherdess, with sheep and a goat, 
near a pool overhung with trees. Beyond them is a river, the farther 
bank of which is wooded. On the right, two horsemen come riding 
down a road, winding down the side of a steep hill ; the foremost rider is 
on a grey horse ; the second, some distance behind, is on a chestnut. 
The clear sky of a summer evening ; golden light, and warm shadows 
in the foreground. [Compare 467.] 

Signed, A. cuijp ; panel, i8 inches by 25 inches. 

Sm.'s description of the Barnard picture from the engraving by Major 
agrees exactly with this Dulwich picture. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 344). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 99. 
Engraved by R. Cockburn, and by T. Major, 1769. 
In the collection of John Barnard, 1769. 

Sales. J. Barnard, London, 1798 (47, F. Bourgeois?) a "landscape with 
travellers" (Sm. 83). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 133 

(Possibly) Sir S. Clarke, and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 

(189). 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 96 (old 
No. 141) ; bequeathed by Sir P. F. Bourgeois, 1811. 

435. SHEEP RESTING BY A ROAD NEAR A RIVER, 
WITH SHEPHERDS. Sm. 72. In the centre are two high trees, 
to the right of a broad road which leads from the left distance to the fore- 
ground. Two shepherds sit under the trees, one facing, the other with 
his back to the spectator. Around them lie thirteen sheep, with a dog. 
Farther left comes a man riding on a mule with panniers ; he seems to 
have given directions about the way to a woman in blue, with a straw hat 
and a stick, who stands behind him, as she points with her right hand 
into the left distance. On the right is a view across a placid river with 
wooded banks. On the opposite bank are two peasants fishing. To the 
right are a cottage among trees and lofty hills. Evening sky. 

Panel, 44^ inches by 66 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 344). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 93. 
In the collection of Noel Desenfans, London, 1801-2 (priced at .189). 
In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 124 (old 
No. 163). 

436. A GREY HORSE, SHEEP, A SHEPHERD AND 
A HORSEMAN. Sm. 130, 189, and Suppl. 28. In the left fore- 
ground stands a grey horse facing right. In the centre foreground 
are stones, bushes, and plants ; to the right of these is a brook, beyond 
which is a group of four sheep lying down. Four more sheep are 
on a hill to the right of the middle distance. At the foot of this hill 
lies the shepherd, with his back to the spectator. He converses with 
a horseman to his right, who is pointing left. In the distance are 
a river and a church. 

Canvas, 36^ inches by 39^ inches. 

Sales. Hart Davis, London, 1814 (178 : ios.). 

London, 1815 (^173 : 5s.) corresponding in description (Sm.). 

Sir Claude Scott, Bart., London, 1831 (100, Norton). 
In the collection of Lord Northwick, 1834 (Sm.). 
Sales. Lord Northwick, London, May 12, 1838 (288 : 155.) 

F. Nieuwenhuys, London, July 17, 1886 (435 : 155., Noseda). 
In the collection of J. P. Heseltine, London. 

436*. HORSEMEN AND HERDSMEN WITH CATTLE. 

In a landscape. In the centre is a peasant with a stick over his 
shoulder. To the right is a man in red on a grey horse. Farther right 
are two peasants, a man and a woman, with four cows, two of whom are 
only partly visible, and four sheep under a tree. Hilly distance. [Very 
probably identical with 450.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp ; panel, 9^ inches 
by 12 inches. 

In the collection of Mrs. Joseph, London ; acquired about the year 1896. 



134 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

437. TRAVELLERS IN A LANDSCAPE. Sm. 91. A 
repetition, with slight variations and in a somewhat broader style, of 
Lord Scarsdale's picture (425). The horseman in a red coat on the right 
is here feeing the spectator, not in profile ; and water flows from the hill 
on the left. Sm. thought this "a picture of great excellence both in 
colour and execution." Though the other (425) is better, this picture, 
unquestionably dating from the seventeenth century, is so good that 
it may be confidently attributed to Cuyp. 

Signed, in the lower right-hand corner, "A. Cuyp fecit" ; canvas, 52 
inches by 77 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 237). 

Exhibited at the British Gallery, 1828, No. 145 ; and at the Royal 
Academy Winter Exhibition, 1871, No. 420; 1894, No. 68, and 1903, 
No. 85. 

In the collection of the Earl of Dudley, 1828. 

Sale. Earl of Dudley, London, June 25, 1892, No. 4 (1890, Wertheimer). 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London, 1894. 

In the collection of J. Pierpont Morgan, at Prince's Gate, London ; 
illustrated in Pictures in the Collection of J. Pierpont Morgan, by T. Humphry 
Ward and W. Roberts, 1907 (privately printed). 

438. COWS AND SHEEP NEAR DORDRECHT. Sm. 

1 20. In the middle distance is Dordrecht with its church and windmills, 
seen from the land side. In the left foreground are two riders, the nearer 
on a grey horse, the other on a bay ; they have halted beside a woman in 
red and yellow, with a basket on her head, with whom stands a boy 
carrying a basket. In the centre lies a shepherd near seven sheep ; there 
are touches of red, yellow, black and white in his costume. On the 
right are three cows beside a pool j one is drinking. A blue sky with 
clouds. 

Panel, 40 inches by 54 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1877, No. 129; 
1891, No. 74, and 1903, No. 101. 

Sale. Philip Hill, London, July 3, 1811 (724 : ios.). 
In the collection of Abraham Robarts, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

439. Identical with 437. 

440. LANDSCAPE WITH A HORSEMAN AND OTHER 
FIGURES. A road overshadowed by big trees leads from the left 
distance to the foreground. From the left comes an old man riding on 
a grey horse ; a woman and a boy stand by the road to the right, 
watching him. Behind him comes a shepherd with sheep and a cow ; a 
dog runs in front. In the distance to the right are buildings and hills. 
A blue sky with clouds. Very pleasant in colour. 

Panel, 28^ inches by 22j inches. 

Exhibited by Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, 1901, No. 6o. 
Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1903, No. 103. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1895, No. 4. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 135 

In the collection of A. Strasser, Vienna. 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London, 1903. 

441. A Herd of Cows with a Herdsman and a Rider. A 

pasture stretches away to a hill in the right distance, with a ruined 
castle at its foot. In the foreground are eight cows ; four are standing 
with their heads to the right, four are lying down. The herdsman, 
standing on the left, points out the way to a gentleman on horseback 
beside him. The horseman wears a velvet jacket with lace, a plumed 
hat, and a sword in a bandolier. He points with his riding-whip to the 
left, where in the distance are a river and a ruined tower. To the right, 
behind the herdsman, is a girl wearing a white cap and carrying a basket 
on her left arm. 

In the Ross collection, Montreal. 

442. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS, HERDSMEN AND 
TRAVELLERS : EVENING. A broad road leads along a river- 
bank from the middle of the distance to the left foreground. In the 
centre cows are lying down or standing under trees. A woman seated 
converses with a man standing before her to the left, beside whom is a 
boy. In the left foreground a woman with a child in her arms is riding 
on an ass led by an old man (possibly the Flight into Egypt). In the 
middle distance to the right is a steep wall of rock, rising into a hill at 
the back. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 18 inches by 23 
inches. 

Sales. Mrs. Edward Romilly, London, 1878. 

Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 247. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 10. 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris, bought as a whole, 
August 1907, by the London dealers Duveen Brothers ; 1907 catalogue, 
No. 34. 

443. GIRL 9N A GREY HORSE, COWS AND HERDS- 
MEN. In the right foreground is a herd of cows with two herdsmen. 
A young man in red leads towards the front a grey horse on which a girl 
is seated. To the left is a ruin. It is very sunny, especially in the 
distance. A fine picture of Cuyp's best period. 

In the collection of Sergei Stroganoff, St. Petersburg. 

444. A HORSEMAN, COWS, AND OTHER OBJECTS. 

In a hilly landscape. A large picture. 

In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth. 

445. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS AND HERDSMEN.- 

On the right is a horseman, near high trees. To the left is a low hill 
with a distant view j on the farther bank of a stream stands a round 
tower. 

In the collection of the late A. Rothschild, Vienna. 



136 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

446. Four Cows with a Herdsman, Herdswoman, and a 
Horseman. Sm. 262. On a riverside pasture in the foreground three 
cows are lying down, while a fourth stands in a foreshortened view. A 
herdsman and a woman are conversing with a man on a brown horse. 
On the river are sailing-boats j in the distance is an old tower. 

Engraved by F. Vivares, 1754. 

In the collection of William Herring, London, 1754. 

446*. Four Cows in a Pasture beside a Canal Sm. 5. The 

herdsman stands on a rising ground, conversing with a horseman. 
Canvas, 31 inches by 24 inches. 
Sale. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (1200 francs). 

446^. Sheep, a Shepherd, and a Horseman. In the centre lie 
four sheep near some plants ; four other sheep are on a bank, where 
stands a grey horse. At the foot of the bank a shepherd is lying down ; 
he speaks to a horseman who points to the left. In the distance are 
water and dunes, with a church beyond. 

Canvas, 37 inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. Jan Maul and others, Leyden, September 28, 1782, No. 1 8 (645 
florins, Heenk). 

447. Cattle with a Herdsman and a Rider. In the right fore- 
ground three cows are lying down, while one stands up ; near them stands 
the herdsman leaning on his stick, with his dog. In front of him are two 
horsemen beside a stream ; one is watering his horse. A few ducks are 
swimming on the left. Beyond is a view of a pleasant landscape with 
bushes and high blue hills in the distance. In the right middle distance is 
an inn, with a post-cart and some travellers in front of it. Near the inn 
is a cottage j a village in seen in the distance. 

Canvas, 20 inches by 34^ inches. 

Sale. J. Odon, Amsterdam, September 6, 1784, No. 51. 

448. Horsemen and Cattle with Herdsmen. Sm. n. In front 
of a courtyard a man sits on a brown horse. Near him stands a man 
with some sheep and hunting-dogs. Another man comes galloping up 
on a grey horse ; behind him is a youth with a stick. In the left middle 
distance is a mansion ; in front of it are another horseman, other figures, 
and cattle. [Pendant to 430, and " of equal excellence " (Sm.). ] 

Canvas, 46 inches by 66 inches. 

In the Van Slingeland collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 

72 (2650 florins, Fouquet). 
Dubois, Paris, 1785 (4500 francs). 

448*2. A Rider conversing with a Shepherd. Sm. 40. The 
flock is grazing on the back of a stream. An abbey stands near a high 
hill to the right. 

Panel, 20 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Proley, Paris, 1787 (1120 francs). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 137 

448^. Five Cows in a Pasture. A hilly landscape intersected by a 
stream. Some of the cows are lying down ; others stand up. There 
are two horsemen and two men on foot. It is light and sunny. By Cuyp 
or in his manner. 

Canvas, 23 inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 21, 1797, No. 43 (50 florins, Yver). 

448^. Landscape with a Herd of Cattle. See Sm. 102. A 
farmer on a grey horse with a herdsman. This was " a picture corre- 
sponding in some manner with the description" of 427, according 
to Sm. 

Sale. Richard Hulse, London, 1806 (451 : ios., Birch). 

448^. Cattle with a Herdsman, a Woman, and Riders. Sm. 

95. A view over an open hilly country. Near the front cattle are 
reposing ; a man and a woman watch them. Beyond are two horsemen. 

Canvas, 21 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. P. de Smeth van Alphen, Amsterdam, August I, 1810, No. 21 (600 
florins, Josi). 

4481?. A Flock of Sheep, a Horse, Riders, and other Figures. 

See Sm. 189. "A picture corresponding with the description " of 436, 
according to Sm. 

Sale. London, 1815 (173 : 5s.). 

449. Two Riders, Herdsmen, and Cattle. Sm. 186. In the 
foreground two riders halt near a herdsman. One has dismounted to 
adjust the bridle. At some distance are two herdsmen with cows and 
sheep. On one side are high trees in front of rocks ; on the other side is 
a view over a broad plain with buildings on a river-bank, and a range of 
hills in the distance. Bright sunlight. 

Panel, i6| inches by 22 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 361. 
Sale. Baron Vivant Denon, Paris, May i, 1826, No. 70 (11,000 francs, 
Lafontaine). 

449<7. Cattle and Riders by the Maas. Two gentlemen ride 
along the bank of the Maas, on which is a ship in full sail. A herd of 
cows. In the distance is Dordrecht. 

Panel, 31 inches by 45 inches. 

Sales. Croese, Amsterdam, May 27, 1818, No. 12 (1950 florins, 

Brondgeest). 

H. Teydon and others, Amsterdam, April 5, 1827, No. 25 (900 
florins, Roos). 

449^. Landscape with Cows. A man stands beside his horse. 
Panel, 18 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 6. 

449<r. Peasants with Cattle ; two Women fording a Stream. 
Sm. 233. A rocky hill- landscape with trees and bushes, and an old 



138 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

castle in the distance. In the foreground are peasants and cattle. A 
woman with a child in her arms, and another in a blue skirt, are fording 
a stream. A third woman rides an ass. 
Canvas, 42 inches by 57 inches. 

In the Dresden Gallery, 1833 (Sm. "worth 450 guineas ") ; but no longer 
there in 1860. 

450. Cows, Sheep, Herdsmen, and a Rider. Sm. 29. In the 

foreground a man in red with a plumed hat rides a grey horse. He looks 
at a youth with a stick on his shoulder, beyond whom are two cows, three 
sheep, a man, and a woman. In the distance is a river in a hilly landscape. 
Sunrise. [Very probably identical with 4360.] 
Panel, 9 inches by ii| inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 178$, No. 

89 (lio florins, Coders). 

John Maitland, London, July 30, 1831 (80 : 173.). 
In the collection of Henry Beavan, 1834 (Sm.). 

450*. Cattle with Herdsmen and Travellers. A shepherd with 
his flock rests near a high rock. On rising ground in front to the left 
stand a few cows and goats. Two men, on foot and on horseback, go 
down a winding round into a valley. Sunset. 

Panel, 20 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. P. J. le Jolle and others, Amsterdam, October 28, 1839, No. 12 
(207 florins, Roos). 

451. Rider conversing with a Herdsman, and a Herd of Cows. 

Sm. Suppl. 40. A pasture beside a river in the middle distance ; at one 
side is a cottage with two trees in front. On a road in the foreground a 
rider converses with a herdsman who stands leaning on his staff at the 
roadside. Near them are seated two women. Five cows, two of whom 
are lying down, are on a rising ground behind. On the river are boats. 
A fine summer morning. 

About 28 inches by 38 inches. 

In the possession of Baron Noskey, 1842 (Sm.). 

452. Two Riders and a Shepherd with Sheep. Sm. 194, and 
Suppl. 15. A view over undulating country, intersected with hedges ; in 
the distance is a town. In the right foreground two riders, one on a 
black, the other on a grey, horse, opposite the spectator. On the left sits 
a shepherd with his dog, near his flock. A fine summer evening. 

Panel, 14 inches by i8 inches. 

(Probably) Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1877, 
No. 10, by Lady Elizabeth Pringle. 

Sale. (Possibly) Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, 
No. 43. 

In the collection of William Wells, Redleaf, 1833-42 (Sm.). 

Probably in the collection of Lady Elizabeth Pringle, 1877. 

453. Horsemen, Cattle, and a Herdsman. Some horsemen are 



vii AELBERT CUYP 139 

talking to a huntsman with dogs. A shepherd with sheep, as well as 
some passers-by. A hilly landscape with high trees. In the middle 
distance a town stands in a river-valley. 
Canvas, 34^ inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. J. A. A. de Lelie and others, Amsterdam, July 29, 1845, No. 39 
(466 florins, Gijsberti). 

453*7. Cattle and a Horseman. A rider on a grey horse converses 
with another man. Two cows and some sheep. A hill in the distance. 

In the collection of F. Heusch, London, 1854 (Waagen, ii. 255). 

454. Landscape with a Rider, a Herdsman, and Cows. Sm. 

2O. In the right foreground are tall trees, beyond which a road winds 
through rocks round the base of a hill. Along the road a herdsman drives 
five cows two red, two black, and one white. Farther away are sheep 
with a shepherd lad and a little girl. To the left, in a rising ground, a 
horseman converses with a man on foot. Beyond is a view over a wide 
expanse of water bounded by hills. Sunshine. 
Canvas, 43 inches by 59 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger Tresors d" 1 Art en Angleterre, 268. 
Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 712. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
80 (1555 florins, Yver ; Sm. says 555 florins, doubtless through a 
misprint). 
J. J. de Bruyn, Amsterdam, September 12, 1798, No. 16 (2900 

florins, Van der Schley). 

Crawford, London, 1806 (388 : ios., Campbell). 
M. Zachary, London, 1828 (136$). 
In the collection of Frederick Perkins, 1833 (Sm.) and in 1857. 

454*. A Man in Red on a Grey Horse. Herdsmen j two cows 
by a river. 

Sates. W. D. Cooper, London, 1861 (168, Pearce). 
London, 1864 (177, Chippendale). 

455. A Rider, a Herdsman with Cattle, and other Figures. 

In the foreground near a river, at the foot of a hill crowned with ruins, 
herdsmen are grazing cattle. A man on a grey horse asks his way from a 
group of seven poor folk who are resting by the roadside. In the middle 
distance a herdsman drives three cows to a bridge, over which the road 
leads to a town on the farther bank of the river. 
Panel, 18 inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. Pierard, Paris, March 20, 1860, No. 12 (7000 francs). 

Due de Morny, Paris, May 31, 1865, No. 39 (6200 francs). 

456. Two Cows, a Herdsman, and a Rider, near Ruins. Two 

cows are resting on a river-bank near ruins which have been transformed 
into peasants' huts. The herdsman stands leaning on his stick and con- 
versing with a man on a grey horse. Sunset. 
Panel, 18 inches by 22 inches. 



140 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sale. Due de Morny, Paris, May 31, 1865, No. 41 (4650 francs) ; said in 
the catalogue to have been in the Pierard collection, doubtless 
through being confused with No. 39 (455). 

456*. Cattle, Horsemen, and others in a River Landscape. 

By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Panel, n inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. H. A. Haarsma, Amsterdam, October 8, 1867, No. 19 (no florins, 
Engelberts). 

457. A Gentleman on Horseback. Sm. Suppl. 12. A hilly 
landscape near a river. On the right a road leads over a high hill. A 
gentleman with a scarlet cloak, mounted on a grey horse, has ridden down 
this road to a pool in the foreground. Two other horsemen are on the 
top of a hill ; near them is a shepherd with his flock. Three peasants 
are on the hillside. Trees extend across the middle distance at the base 
of a hill. On the left is a view of a wooded country. A fine summer 
morning. " An example of the highest excellence " (Sm.). 

Canvas, about 26 inches by 32 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 452.) 

Sold by the picture-cleaner Brown to Edmund Foster, of Clewer, 1839 

3 o). 

Sale. Richard Foster, Clewer Manor, June 3, 1876 (5040, Rutter). 

458. Gentlemen watering their Horses in a River, and Herds- 
men with Cattle. Sm. Suppl. 35. A spacious river-landscape with hills. 
In the centre foreground are two armed cavaliers. One, with a brown 
cloak over his cuirass, sits on a grey horse on the river-bank. The other 
rides a bay horse which he is watering, near some ducks. In the right 
foreground a herdsman in a red jacket, with a dog, is tending four cows, 
three of which are lying down near a stream. Farther away are two 
roadside cottages sheltered by trees ; the farther one is an inn, at which 
a hawker with a tilt-cart drawn by one horse has halted, and is conversing 
with the hostess. Another man, leaving the house, comes forward. The 
road leads along the foot of some hills to a town with walls and towers 
beside the river. A fine summer morning ; light clouds in a blue sky. 
" It is impossible to commend too highly this beauitful work of art ; the 
masterly execution displayed in every part, the science evinced in the 
arrangement of objects and forms, and the wonderful and lovely gradation 
of tints and atmospheric truth, justly entitle it to the first rank among his 
best productions " (Sm.). 

Signed, A. cuyp ; canvas, 49 inches by 88 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 224). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1880, No. 114. 
Bought (?by Martin) from the dealer Desenfans, about 1796 (367 : los. ; 
valued by Sm., 1842, at 1500 or 2000). 

In the collection of J. Martin, Ham Court, 1842 (Sm.) and 1854. 
In the collection of G. E. Martin, 1880. 

4580. Landscape with Figures. On the right is a road, along which 
a horseman advances. Farther back are a shepherd and a shepherdess 



vii AELBERT CUYP 141 

with their flock. In the foreground are two dogs. To the right are steep 
cliffs. To the left is a river, and beyond it is a town. Cloudy sky. 
Signed, A. cuyp ; canvas, 52 inches by 8o inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1880, No. 117. 
In the collection of W. Stratford Dugdale, 1880. 

459. Cows in a Riverside Pasture. On a river-bank are seven 
cows, watched by a young herdsman with a dog. By the water to the 
right is a group of men and women with two horses. On the opposite 
bank are houses. There are boats on the river. 

Panel, 29 inches by 40^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1885, No. 93. 
In the collection of Sir Edward Sullivan, Bart., London, 1885. 

45 9#. Cattle, a Herdsman, and a Rider in a Hilly Landscape. 

On the right is a rocky grotto crowned with bushes ; at the foot of it is 
a herd of cows, sheep, and goats, with two herdsmen. On a broad road 
leading away to the left is a rider on a grey horse, followed by a tramp. 
Panel, 20 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Brenken and others, Cologne, April I, 1886, No. 30. 

460. A HORSEMAN CONVERSING WITH A MAN IN 
FRONT OF AN INN. A horseman converses with a man in blue, 
in front of an inn on a wooded knoll. Near them are goats and sheep ; 
farther back, near the inn, are a waggon and cattle. To the right is a 
view of Dordrecht. An early work, still in the style of Van Goyen. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 41 inches by 63 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1892, No. 55. 
In the collection of the Rev. Sir Talbot Baker, Bart., London, 1892. 

461. A FLOCK OF SHEEP, A SHEPHERD, AND 
HORSEMAN. Two gentlemen ride along a road towards ruins in 
the middle distance. The foremost, on a grey horse, has a blue cloak. 
A shepherd and his flock are by the roadside, near the ruins, at the foot 
of a steep hill filling the right half of the picture. In the distance is a 
lake, with more hills. Cloudy sky. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 29 inches by 23 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1893, No. 80. 
In the collection of the Hon. Mrs. Baillie Hamilton, London, 1893. 

461*7. Horseman and Peasant conversing on a Road. Two 

other figues with a grey horse are on the right. 
Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Anonymous, following Benjamin West, London, March 18, 1898, 
No. 239 (15 : 155., Frickenhuis). 

462. HORSEMAN HALTING ON THE ROAD. In the 

right foreground, on a broad road leading into a wood, two horsemen on 
grey horses have halted. One is giving directions to a man standing at 
his right, and points leftwards with his right hand. Near the riders are 



I42 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

dogs. On the left and nearer the front is a flock of sheep and goats with 
the sheep dog; the shepherd, seen from the back in three-quarter view, 
leans on his stick and watches the riders. On the road, in the middle 
distance, is a countryman ; still farther back a herdsman drives his cows 
to a town on a river in the far distance. The principal group is repeated 
in a picture in the Maurice Kann collection (415). 

Signed in the left, " A. Cuyp " ; canvas, 42 inches by 33 inches. 

In the collection of Murann H. H. Eichmann, Leyden. 

In the collection of Madame A. Gijsberti Hodenpijl, Leyden, 1872. 

In the collection of Prince DemidofF, San Donate. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 13. 

Sale. P. C. Hanford of Chicago, New York, January 30, 1902, No. 58 
(4600 dollars). 

462*. Herdsman on Horseback. With three cows and two sheep 
near a river. 

29 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Berkeley Sheffield and others, London, April 28, 1902, No. 88. 

462^. Horseman, Figures, and Cattle. 

17^ inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. London, January 14, 1905, No. 139. 

462^. Horseman, Peasants, and Cattle on a River-Bank. 

34 inches by 40 inches. 

Sale. J. G. Menzies and others, London, February 25, 1905, No. 49. 

462^. Landscape. On a high bank, near a river seen to the right, 
are cattle. The herdsman converses with a woman seated on the ground. 
On the left, between two high trees, a man comes riding on a donkey with 
panniers. Behind the river is a town ; in the distance are hills. 

Panel, 17 inches by 25 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1907, 
No. 55 ; by an anonymous owner. 

463. TRAVELLERS IN A HILLY LANDSCAPE, WITH 
A RIVER. In the foreground, on a road leading from a bushy river- 
side to the high river-bank, a man in a red coat leads two heavily laden 
mules. On the front mule sits a woman with her back to the spectator. 
Farther down the road is another man, who is using his stick to drive a 
mule carrying tubs. They are going from left to right. On the farther 
side of the river the ground slopes up gently ; there are houses. In the 
distance is a rosy-tinted range of hills with a ruined castle. Morning. 
An almost similar picture is in the collection of A. Wertheimer (465). 
[Compare 471^.] 

Signed, in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp j panel, 18 inches 
by 29 inches. 

In the Mestern collection, Hamburg. 

In the collection of Dr. August Fischer, Breslau. 

In the Breslau Museum, Fischer bequest, No. 334. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 143 

464. CATTLE AND FIGURES IN A LANDSCAPE. In 

the foreground are a shepherdess and a man with an ass laden with vege- 
tables. The cattle are picturesquely distributed. Farther away are figures 
reposing. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 261). 

In the collection of James Morrison, London. 

465. TRAVELLERS IN A HILLY LANDSCAPE, WITH 
A RIVER (or, Peasants with Mules). Sm. 27 and Suppl. 56. 
A hilly landscape traversed by a river, with bushy banks ; beyond are a 
castle and other buildings on a hill. In the foreground, on a road going 
to the right, a man dressed in a red jacket, black breeches, and white 
stockings, leads an ass or mule. Behind comes a second beast, on which 
is seated a woman with her back to the spectator. Farther back a man is 
beating a third animal. A sunny morning. 

This picture agrees almost exactly with the Breslau picture (463). 
The treatment of the foliage and twigs in the left foreground is rather 
different from Cuyp's usual style. The picture is good in quality. Sm. 
says that the woman is seated on the first ass ; this is true for the Breslau 
picture. The engraving shows the woman on the second ass. 

Panel, 19 inches by 29 inches. 

Engraved by Maillet in the Lebrun Gallery. 
Exhibited at the British Gallery, 1818. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 87 (577 florins, Beekman). 

Sir S. Clarke and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 (^126). 

George Hibbert, London, June 13, 1829 (.749 : 145.). 

Richard Foster, London, 1835 (jiooo). 
In the collection of Henry Bevan, London, 1842 (Sm.). 
In the possession of A. Wertheimer, London. 

466. TWO TRAVELLERS ON HORSEBACK IN A 
ROCKY DEFILE. [Pendant to 564.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 42). 

In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth, No. 183*. 

466*. A Traveller resting in a Landscape. Beside him are a 
couple of sleeping dogs. A horse stands at one side. 
Panel, 14 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. van den Berg, Amsterdam, July 29, 1776, No. 21. 

467. Landscape with Travellers. Sm. 83. [Possibly identical 
with the Dulwich picture (434).] 

Sales. (Possibly) J. Barnard, London, 1798 (47, F. Bourgeois ?). 

Sir S. Clarke and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 (.189, Lord 
Breadalbane according to Redford). 

4670. Peasants going to Market. [Possibly identical with 468.] 

Sale. Sir S. Clarke and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 (.309 : 155., 
Pearson). 



1 44 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



467^. Landscape with Travellers. Near a long shed is a group of 
three persons, filling much of the foreground. On the road at one side 
are a horse and waggon. A flat bare landscape with a distant church 
tower. 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curiosite", ii. 346. 

Sale. Lafontaine, Paris, May 28, 1821 (2005 francs). 

468. Peasants going to Market. Sm. 156. On the left of a 
landscape, a man on a grey horse carries a sack in front of him, while 
another man walks carrying a basket. Behind them comes a herdsman 
driving two cows and four sheep. In the centre foreground are a boy and 
girl and two children. [Possibly identical with 467*7.] 

17^ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Turner, London, 1827 (257). 

469. Cows, Sheep, and Figures in a Hilly Landscape. Two 

rustics are resting in the shade of a grotto. Near them stands a man with 
a laden ass. In the foreground are two cows, one of them lying down. 
On the right a man leads an ass forward. Some sheep are standing or 
lying down in full sunlight. 

Panel, 45 inches by 57 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) A. la Coste, Dordrecht, July 10, 1832, No. 115 
(600 florins, Lamme). 

470. Man loading Sacks on a Waggon. On a road, in front 
of a workshop shaded by trees, a man has loaded a horsed waggon with sacks, 
and is busy arranging them. In the background is a village ; the church 
tower is visible in the extreme distance of a broad landscape. Cloudy 

sky. 

Sale. Heris, Brussels, March 25, 1841, No. 51. 

4700. Travellers in a Hilly Landscape. A man drives some 
laden asses ; a woman sits on one of them. Warm in tone. [Possibly 
identical with 470^.] 

14 inches by i8| inches. 

Sales. (Possibly) Paris, March 4, 1845, No. 1 6 (340 francs). 
Amsterdam, October 18, 1849, No. 35. 

470^. Peasants and Mules. In the foreground is a rocky path. 
Along it go peasants and mules laden with panniers. A woman rides one 
mule ; the foremost is led by a man. A hilly and wooded landscape in 
the distance. [Possibly identical with 470/7.] 

Panel, 14 inches by 19^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1895, 
No. 49. 

Then in the collection of Lord Houghton, now Earl of Crewe. 

47 * Travellers. On a road bordered with trees a man drives two 
mules, preceded by a dog. One one mule sits a woman with a child in 



vii AELBERT CUYP 145 

her arms. To the right travellers are resting in the shade of great trees. 
In the distance are sunlit hills. 

Canvas, 41 inches by 34 inches. 

Sales. A. W. C. Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5, 

1851, No. 10 (500 florins, Thijssen). 
Thijssen, Paris, December 20, 1856, No. 9 (1150 francs, bought in). 

47 la. Peasants going to Market. In a fine landscape a peasant 
and his wife, with laden asses, are going to market. [Possibly identical 
with 463.] 

Panel, 19 inches by 29 1 inches. 

In the Weyer collection, Cologne, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

472. Wayfaring Peasants by the Riverside. To the right are 
trees ; in the distance are mountains. Evening sky. 

Signed in full on the right ; canvas, 30 inches by 38 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1880, No. 50. 
In the collection of W. Corbin Finch. 

473. A HORSEMAN AND TWO BEGGAR -BOYS. Sm. 

Suppl. 32. In the foreground is a gentleman on horseback, of whom two 
boys are begging. Beyond are three peasants conversing, near a flock of 
sheep. In the middle distance is a fortified town, beyond which is a 
range of hills. " Gleams of sunshine bursting from a partially overcast 
sky gives a peculiar charm to this admirable little picture " (Sm.). [Probably 
identical with 47 3<?.] 

Panel, 9^ inches by 19 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 316). 

In the collection of Sir A. Hume, Bart. 

In the collection of Lord Alford, 1842 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Earl Brownlow, Ashridge Park. 

4730. Horseman giving Alms. Sm. 9. A horseman in red gives 
an alms to two boys. In the middle distance three men stand conversing, 
not far from a flock of sheep. On a bank to the left sits a man. In the 
distance are villages. [Probably identical with 473.] 
Panel, 9^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. Tronchin, Paris, 1780, No. 26 (500 francs or 1000 francs, 

according to Sm.). 

Comte de Vandreuil, Paris, November 24, 1784, No. 27 (881 
francs, Lebrun, junior). 

474. A Horseman asked for Alms by a Girl with a Lamb. 

Panel, n inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 22, 1809, No. 30 (13 florins). 

475. A YOUNG GENTLEMAN ON HORSEBACK. He 

wears a red coat trimmed with gold lace, and a plumed hat on his long 
hair, and rides forward from the right on a dappled-grey horse. On the 
left a dog runs after him. In the middle distance is a farm with a square 

VOL. II L 



146 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

tower ; in front of it are five peasants ; to the right are a tree and a herd 
of cows. On the right, behind the horseman, one cow is lying down while 
another, farther left, stands up. The herdsman, with his back to the 
spectator, stands to the left of the cows and farther away. A flat land- 
scape. This work strongly resembles the Hague picture (42), but is not 
so good. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner j panel, 28 inches by 34^ 
inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey, 1863 (i. 721), and by E. Bassermann -Jordan, 
Unveroffentltchte Gemdlde alter Meister aus bairischem Staatsbesitz {Aschaffenburg), 
No. 23. 

From the gallery of the Archbishop Elector. 

In the collection at the Royal Castle, Aschaffenburg, No. 220. 

476. LANDSCAPE WITH HORSEMEN. On the left under 
trees stands in profile to the right a saddle-horse, which a youth holds by 
the bridle. Behind the horse, and almost concealed from view, is its rider. 
Farther right is a second horseman, with his back to the spectator. In 
the right foreground are three dogs. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner in light brown, A. C. ; canvas, 
14^ inches by 21 inches. 

Transferred from Fredensborg as a work of Abraham Carre. 
In the Copenhagen Museum, 1904 catalogue, No. 81. 

477. A WELL-DRESSED MAN ON A GREY HORSE (or, 

Cavaliers halting to Refresh). Sm. 105. He faces right and is taking 
leave of a man standing behind him to the left. On the right a man-servant 
is mounting a brown horse. At one side is the corner of a house. 

Panel, 9^ inches by 1 1 inches. 

Sales. Meriveaux, 1806. 

General Craig, London, April 18, 1812 (^94: ios.). 

In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle, No. 20. 

478. A MAN IN RED ON A DAPPLED-GREY HORSE. 

He faces left. A good picture. 
Signed on the right. 

In the collection of C. T. D. Crews, London. 

479. A Man of Rank on Horseback. He halts near a stone pillar. 
A man-servant in a long red coat leads a fine dappled-grey horse before 
him. In the foreground are two white-and-brown spotted dogs ; one 
looks up at his master, the other lies with outstretched fore-paws, facing 
the spectator. To the left, through two ruined archways, is a wooded 
landscape. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 15 inches bv 
2o| inches. 

In the collection of Jules Porges, Paris. 

479*. A Gentleman on Horseback. In the left foreground, on a 
bank, a gentleman is riding. Beside him goes a man-servant, as if to 



vn AELBERT CUYP 147 

show him the way. In the right middle distance are a cow, standing up, 
and two sheep lying down. 

Panel, i8 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 20, 1772, No. 9 (56 florins, Yver). 

479*7. A Gentleman on Horseback. Near some trees. In the 
background is a castle. 

Canvas, 30^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Daniel Marsbag and others, Amsterdam, October 30, 1775, No. 22 
(3 florins 10, Carree). 

479^. A Gentleman on Horseback in a Landscape. Warm 
sunlight. 

Sale. Antwerp, August 21, 1800, No. 77. 

479*. A Gentleman on a Brown Horse. 

Panel, n inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September i, 1817, No. 283. 

480. A Cavalier on a Black Horse. Sm. 140. At a gateway, 
apparently waiting for his companion, whose horse is held by two boys. 
Near them is a greyhound. 

Panel, 14 inches by 21 inches. 
Sale. C. L. Reynders, Brussels, August 6, 1821 (480 florins). 

480*7. A Gentleman on Horseback conversing with a Woman. 

Fine effect. 

Canvas, 28 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. A. J. Brandt and D. KerkhofF, Amsterdam, October 29, 1821, No. 64 
(5 florins 5, Van den Berg). 

480^. A Gentleman on Horseback. With an attendant in the 
dunes. Broadly painted. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. D. G. van den Burgh van Kronenburg, Loenen, September 6, 1824, 
No. 37 (36 florins, Jonkens). 

480^:. A Gentleman on a Brown Horse. With a dog. Hilly 
landscape at the back. 

Panel, 18 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 13, 1829, No. 29 (25 florins). 

481. A Horseman in Eastern Costume. With a dog. 

Sale. Edward Coulson, London, May 7, 1830 (^281 : 8s., Emmerson). 

481*7. A Man on a Black Horse. He holds a brown saddle-horse 
by its bridle. 

Canvas, 9 inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 40. 

48 1. A Gentleman on a Grey Horse. In the middle distance a 
peasant is driving cattle. 

Signed ; panel, n inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. B. Papenhuijzen, Dordrecht, August 23, 1841, No. 19. 



I4 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

48 if. A Gentleman on Horseback. Farther back are peasants in 
a waggon. 

Panel, loj inches by n| inches. 

Sale. B. Papenhuijzen, Dordrecht, August 23, 1841, No. 20. 

481^. A Gentleman on Horseback. In a hilly landscape. By 
Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 1 8, 1849, No. 326. 

482. Starting for the Ride. Two gentlemen are about to ride out. 
One is mounted on his grey horse. The other waits for his man-servant 
to adjust his saddle. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 539. 
Sale. Thibaudeau, Paris, 1857 (2400 francs). 

482^. A Horseman. In the foreground of a landscape. 
In the Esterhazy collection, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

482^. A Horseman returning Home. Evening. 

Panel, 9 inches by 13! inches. 

Sale. J. Dintl and others, Vienna, November 23, 1869, No. 48. 

482*-. A Horseman. In a landscape. 
Sale. London, December 4, 1869, No. 40. 

483. HORSEMAN AND MAN-SERVANT. 

23 inches by 29^ inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer Larkin, 1892, No. 63. 

483*7. Two Cavalry Troopers. One trooper with a cuirass holds 
a horse. The other rides behind him. Two persons are conversing under 
old trees on the left. Possibly genuine, but unattractive. 

1 6 inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. Seymour, London, July 4, 1896, No. 14 (12 : ios.). 

483^. A Horseman and Two Horses. 

Panel, I2| inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Hirsch and others, London, May 24, 1902, No. 157. 

483*:. A Horseman on a Road. 

Panel, 1 6 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Earl of Cork and Orrery and others, London, November 25, 1905, 
No. 123. 

484. TWO HORSEMEN WITH A GROOM. With dogs, in 
a hilly landscape. Another horseman is at the back. The two principal 
figures are apparently portraits. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

485. TWO YOUNG MEN ON HORSEBACK. With two 



vii AELBERT CUYP 149 

grooms in front of a house. It agrees almost exactly with the Louvre 
picture (490). 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

486. HORSEMEN AND OTHER FIGURES IN A 
LANDSCAPE. Sm. 275. Three horsemen ride along a road which 
winds round a wooded hill. The nearest man is on a dun-coloured horse ; 
a man walks beside him on the right. Blue sky with clouds. 

Panel, 8| inches by 7^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 279). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1895, No. 87. 
In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, where it was in 
1821 (Sm.). 

487. HORSEMEN AND OTHER FIGURES IN A 
LANDSCAPE. Sm. 276. A small picture. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 279). 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard, where it was in 
1821 (Sm.). 

488. TWO CAVALRY TROOPERS. Sm. 244. One trooper 
stands beside his dappled-grey horse, talking to a peasant. The other 
trooper sits waiting on his brown horse. A third man has ridden away. 
A large dog lies asleep in the foreground. Carefully painted ; warm 
evening light. " A charming example of art " (Sm.). 

Panel, 14^ inches by 17^ inches. 

In the English Royal collection, 1833 (Sm.). 

In the Royal collection at Buckingham Palace, London, No. 139. 

489. THREE HORSEMEN IN A LANDSCAPE. Sm. 204. 
In the right foreground two horsemen on grey and chestnut horses 
have halted in front of trees to converse with a man who stands beside 
them, to the left. The horsemen are seen from the back in a fore- 
shortened view, with their heads to the right. In the left middle distance 
is a shepherd with sheep ; beyond is a sunlit tower. [Pendant to 208.] 

Panel, n inches by 13 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 160). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford, 1833 (Sm.). 

In the collection of Sir Richard Wallace. 

In the Wallace collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 253. 

490. STARTING FOR THE RIDE. Sm. 67. In front of an 
old house, and almost in the centre foreground, a gentleman sits, in profile 
to the right, on a dappled-grey horse. He wears a red, gold-laced coat, 
and a black cap with a red plume. He bends slightly to the right and 
points with his riding-whip to the stirrup, which is held by a groom 
dressed in green with a curved sword in his bandolier. The groom, seen 
from the back in a three-quarters left view, bends down, and holds the 
horse's bridle with his right hand. To the left behind the horseman is 
another cavalier on a bay horse, almost facing the spectator. He wears a 
black velvet coat with gold lace and buttons, and a black cap, and rests 



I5 o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

his right hand on his hip. In the right foreground are two hunting-dogs. 
Beyond them is a hilly landscape with two shepherds tending sheep. A 
fine summer morning. It is warm in tone, and dates from the master's 
maturity ; but it is not as fine in quality as the " Herd of Cows resting " 
in the same collection (332). 

Canvas, 47^ inches by 6o inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
77 (602 florins not 607 florins as stated in the Louvre catalogue). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2342 ; it was there in 1816, and 
was then valued at 20,000 francs (Sm.). 

491. THE RIDING PARTY (or, A Sporting Party). Sm. 

1 8. Three horsemen come riding from the left out of a copse. The 
middle man, in profile to the right, turns his head towards the spectator. 
He rides a dappled-grey horse, and wears a blue costume, long riding-boots, 
and a sort of white turban. His companion to the right, on a chestnut 
horse, is seen full face j he wears a black velvet coat with gold lace and 
buttons, long riding-boots, and a plumed cap ; he turns his head as if 
speaking to the man in the centre. Behind this man, to the left, is a 
young groom in red on a dark bay horse ; a forester standing near with two 
dogs hands him a partridge. On the right of the picture is a meadow 
in a valley with cows reposing. At the foot of a hill two riders have 
dismounted in front of a house, near the ruins of a round tower. " Painted 
in the artist's most esteemed manner " (Sm.). 
Canvas, 46^ inches by 72^ inches. 

The statements in the Louvre inventories of the Empire and the Restoration 
that the head of the central figure was painted by Metsu, and that it was a 
portrait of a Prince of Orange, are incorrect. 
Engraved by Lavalle in the Muste Fran fats. 

Sales. P. J. Geelhand, Antwerp, July 5, 1784, No. 2 not in that of 
J. van der Linden van Slingeland, 1785, as stated by Sm. and 
the Louvre catalogue. 

Clermont d'Amboise, Paris, 1790 (5000 francs). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2343 ; it was there in 1816, and 
was then valued at 50,000 francs (Sm.). 

492. TWO HORSEMEN. With a groom and dogs. To the 
right an open stable door ; to the left a landscape. 

Formerly in the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris ; it had passed 
away from this collection before the sale to Duveen Brothers, the London 
dealers, August 1907. 

493. Two Cavaliers on Horseback. At the foot of a rock. One 
man is on a grey horse. Near him is a man with a sword in a belt, and 
a dog. Farther to the right, in the background, another horseman draws 
rein. In the distance is a ruined town. Blue sky. 

Copper, 9 inches by 8 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Porges, Paris. 

494. Three Cavalrymen on Horseback. With a man on foot 
they are coming forward, along a road leading past a wooded hill. One, 



vii AELBERT CUYP 151 

who seems to be an officer, points forward with his riding-whip. To the 
left is a dog. Blue sky. 

Copper, 9 inches by 8 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

495. Cavaliers on Horseback. Sm. 23. In the foreground of a 
hilly landscape. One of them speaks to a man standing near. Beyond 
are several other mounted men. 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 83 (172 florins, Spruyt). 

495*7. Two Cavaliers on Horseback. With three on foot, in the 
foreground of a hilly landscape with a river. 
Copper, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July n, 1798. 

495/>. Several Horsemen in a Landscape. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 129 (41 florins). 

495<r. Two Men on Foot. Three others are going into the water. 
Panel, n inches by 15^ inches. 
Sale. Breda, August 23, 1817, No. 8. 

495<f. Cavaliers on Horseback. At the entrance to a wood. In 
the distance is a ruined castle. 

Panel, i6 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. P. N. Quarles van Uffbrd, Amsterdam, October 19, 1818, No. 9 
(143 florins, Roos). 

495*. Cavaliers on Horseback. In a hilly landscape. By Cuyp 
or in his manner. 

Sale. H. Stokvisch, C. Henning, and others, Amsterdam, May 22, 1822, 
No. 187. 

495/ Three Gentlemen on Foot. In a hilly landscape with many 
trees. 

Panel, 16 inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. J. Hulswit, Amsterdam, October 28, 1822, No. 23 (164 florins, 
Gruyter). 

496. Two Horsemen and other Figures. Near the entrance to 
a wood, from which two horsemen are riding, a lady is conversing with 
two gentlemen, and there are other figures. 

Canvas, 32^ inches by 46^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 3, 1831, No. 21 (28 florins, Reus). 

497. Six Horsemen in the Street of a Dutch Town. Sm. 185. 

One of the six gentlemen is dressed in scarlet, and rides a prancing 
cream-coloured horse. Another rides a chestnut, and two others are on 



152 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



light and dark greys. In the foreground are two children and three dogs. 
" Painted in the artist's finished or Wouwerman's manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, i; inches by 24^ inches. 

In the collection of Charles O'Niel before 1834 (Sm.). 

497*. Cavaliers on Horseback. In a hilly landscape with many 
trees. 

Signed, A. Cuyp. 

Sale. J. Bernard, Amsterdam, November 24, 1834, No. 25 (25 florins 50, 
De Lelie). 

497^. Men on Horseback. On a hill surrounded with great trees. 
By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Panel, 13^ inches by \1\ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 10, 1848, No. 209. 

49 jc. Three Horsemen in a Landscape. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859 
probably No. 1214, which was only after Cuyp. 

497</. Two Horsemen in a Landscape. One is on a grey, the 
other on a brown, horse. 
Canvas. 
In the Heath collection, London, 1857 (Waagen, Suppl. 318). 

498. Landscape with Horsemen. On a road in the foreground 
are four persons on foot, leading two horses. To the left are buildings 
and trees. In the background are hills. 

Signed in the left-hand upper corner, A. C. ; panel, 13^ inches by 
1 8 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1879, No. 243. 
In the collection of Earl Cadogan, 1 879. 

499. Starting for the Ride (or, The Cavalier). In the fore- 
ground a man in red sits on a grey horse ; a groom holds its head while 
he adjusts the right stirrup. Behind him to the left is a mounted groom ; 
to the right are two dogs in front of a building. In the distance to the 
right is a landscape, with shepherds and sheep. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 45 inches by 58 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1882, 
No. 52. 

In the collection of Sir Francis Eliott-Drake, Bart., London, 1882. 

4990. Horsemen and other Figures. Beside a river in a wooded 
landscape. 

Canvas, i8j inches by 24^ inches. 
Sale. London, May 12, 1906, No. 109. 

499^. Cavaliers on Horseback. With grooms and dogs. 

Canvas, 38 inches by 50 inches. 

Sale. London, May 12, 1906, No. 125. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 153 

500. A LADY AND GENTLEMAN RIDING IN A WOOD. 

Sm. 245. The figures are in profile to the left. The man, in grey with 
a large black hat, rides a dappled-grey horse. The woman is on a black 
horse. 

Panel, 27! inches by 21 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 20). 

Sale. Philip Hill, London, July 3, 1811 (52 : IDS.). 
In the Royal collection at Buckingham Palace, London, No. 119; it was 
there in 1834 (Sm.). 

501. A MAN AND WOMAN ON HORSEBACK CON- 
VERSING WITH PEASANTS AT THE ENTRANCE TO 
A WOOD. Sm. 227. On the right a road shaded by tall trees leads 
to the foreground, where a woman on a bay horse halts, facing the 
spectator. Beside her to the right is a man on a dark-grey horse, facing 
three-quarters left. He turns his head to the right to speak to a peasant 
woman seated in profile to the left at the foot of a tree, with her yoke, a 
basket, and a brass milk-can on the ground at her side. To the left, a little 
in front of the peasant woman, is a big dog, seen in profile. Behind the 
woman stands two peasants ; one, in profile to the left, is speaking ; the 
other, facing the spectator, carries a basket on his right arm and a stick on 
his left shoulder. On the left side of the picture, to the left and in front 
of the woman on horseback, stands a shepherd lad, turning away from the 
spectator and leaning on his staff; behind him lies his dog. To the left 
of the shepherd are three sheep lying down and a sheep and a goat standing 
up. Beyond them is a hilly landscape. Fine and sunny. 

Panel, 17 inches by ii\ inches. 

A smaller picture with the same group of figures, but without the sheep, is in 
the collection of M. Van Gelder, Uccle, Brussels (502). 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 48). 
Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 42. 
In the Calonne collection. 

In the collection of Lord Francis Egerton, Bridgewater House, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, No. 189. 

502. A Man and Woman on Horseback conversing with 
Peasants. Sm. Suppl. 19. In a hilly landscape, near two trees on the 
left, a woman on a bay horse and a farmer on a grey have halted to speak 
to a man with a basket on his arm. Near him are a woman in red 
standing, another seated, and a boy standing. A large brass can and a 
basket lie on the ground. Sunset. [Pendant to 77.] [The figures are 
almost exactly repeated from 501.] 

Panel, io| inches by 17^ inches. 

Exhibited at the British Gallery by Earl Granville. 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford. 

In the collection of Earl Granville, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sales. Earl Granville, London, June 21, 1845 (^409 : los., Nieuwenhuys). 

Coulston, London, 1881 (472 : los., Lesser). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of M. Van Gelder, Uccle, Brussels. 



154 



AELBERT CUYP s*cr. 



5020. Landscape. With peasants and ladies on horseback. 
Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 3, 1835, No. 15. 

502^. A Lady on Horseback. She waits for a horse to be shod; 
a gentleman holds it by the bridle. By Cuyp or in his manner. 
Panel, 14! inches by 19^ inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, May 6, 1845, No. 33 (8 1 florins, A. Wolff). 

503. A PEASANT AND A WOMAN ON HORSEBACK.- 

They converse with two men, a woman, and a boy, standing under a 
clump of trees. In the foreground are a dog and some men. Very 
sunny. A very good picture of its kind. 

loj inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. J. L. Mieville, London, April 29, 1899, No. 61 (472 : los., Lesser). 

503*7. A Lady on Horseback. She converses with a cavalier. 
Beside them is a dog. Landscape at evening. 
Signed ; panel, loj inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Wolf and others, Frankfort-on-the-Main, May 12, 1903, No. 46*7. 

504. TWO HORSEMEN IN FRONT OF AN INN. In 

front of an inn on the left, a cavalier is mounting his grey horse ; it stands 
in profile to the left, held by a groom. The cavalier is talking to another 
cavalier mounted on a brown horse, to the right, and seen from the back. 
In the distance, to the right, are a river with sailing-boats, and a cliff. 
This was a good picture but has been much over-cleaned. It reminds 
one of the Steengracht picture (546). [Compare also 513.] 
Panel, I2| inches by 20 J inches. 

In the collection of Baut de Rasmon, Ghent, acquired in 1812. 
In the Antwerp Museum, Van den Hecke Baut de Rasmon bequest, 1905 
catalogue, No. 46. 

505. Starting for the Ride. 

Panel, 13! inches by i8 inches. 

Mentioned by C. Hofstede de Groot, Oud-Holland, xi. 131. 
Exhibited on loan by Mrs. Ogilvie Hamilton at the National Gallery, 
Edinburgh, 1892 catalogue, No. 359 ; withdrawn by 1893. 
In the collection of Mrs. Ogilvie Hamilton, Biel, Scotland. 

506. LEAVING THE INN (or, Arrival of Cavaliers). Sm. 
213. In front of the door of a large building are two cavaliers on horse- 
back ; a third holds his horse by the bridle. In the middle distance a 
fourth man is riding through a ford. At the back are ruins and trees ; 
there is a hill in the distance. 

Panel, 2i| inches by 17 inches. 

In the collection of the Due d'Arenberg, Brussels, W. Burger's 1859 catalogue, 
No. ii; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

507. A MAN FEEDING A HORSE. Sm. 229. On the 
right is a small portion of a building. In front of it a man is putting 



viz AELBERT CUYP 155 

fodder in a trough for a bay horse j a child stands by. On the right, in 
the middle distance of a flat landscape, is a herdsman with two cows. A 
somewhat smaller replica is 510. 

Signed, A. cuijp ; panel, 19 inches by 25 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1882, No. 
86, by Lewis Fry. 

In the collection of D. W. Acraman, London, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Lewis Fry, Clifton, Bristol, No. 1 8. 

508. HORSEMEN IN FRONT OF AN INN. Two hunts- 
men have dismounted in front of an inn ; one has unsaddled his horse. 
One horse is a bay, the other a grey, which lashes out with its hind hoofs. 
To the left two hunting dogs are resting. Sunny landscape. The picture 
appears to be a good one, but is not easily judged. [Possibly identical 
with 524.] [Compare 541 and 541^]. 

Panel ; 23^ inches by 28^ inches. 

Exhibited at the London Guildhall, 1890, No. 68. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

509. Horsemen resting (or, A Hunting Party). Sm. 191. 
Two horsemen have halted under a tree on the right. One of them, in 
red with a plumed hat, has dismounted from a grey horse with a blue 
saddle ; he is seated, pulling up his high boots. Near him are a grey- 
hound and a beagle. The other man, in a brown coat with gold lace and 
a plumed cap, sits on a black horse, holding the grey. To the left are 
three cows and a herdsman. In the middle distance is a river with hills 
beyond it. In the foreground are plants. Sunset. 

Signed in full ; canvas, 45 inches by 66 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1890, No. 
86, by A. Cator. 

In the collection of John Carter, Kent, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Albemarle Cator, London. 

510. A Man giving a Horse Fodder. Sm. Suppl. 33. On the 
right is the wall of a house. In front of it a man in a white shirt holds a 
sieve of fodder to a bay horse. A dog looks up at the man ; a child in a red 
jacket stands by. In the left background stands a herdsman near two 
cows lying down. A larger replica of this is in the Lewis Fry collec- 
tion (507). 

Signed on the left, A. cuijp ; canvas, 14 inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of Dawson Turner, Yarmouth, 1842 (Sm.). 
Sale. Schneider, Paris, April 6, 1876, No. 4. 
In the collection of Sir G. Donaldson, London. 

511. RESTING AT THE INN. In the foreground are two 
saddle-horses tied up to a tree. Behind them is a man on horseback. 
Another man sits at the foot of a tree near an inn, with his dog beside 
him. In the distance are a river and hills. Cloudy sky. [Probably 
identical with 527.] 

Signed, A. cuyp ; panel, 18 inches by 28 inches. 



i 5 6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1886, No. 
60, by Alfred de Rothschild. 

In the collection of Alfred de Rothschild, London. 

512. RIVER SCENE WITH HORSEMEN (or, Two 
Horsemen Halting at an Inn). Sm. 211. Two cavaliers have 
halted before the door of an inn to the left. One has dismounted and 
stands behind his chestnut horse, in profile to the left and held by a boy. 
The other man sits in the centre on his bay horse with his back to the 
spectator ; he wears a red coat, a black belt with a sword, and a plumed 
hat. Behind him is a dog ; farther right is a white cock with three 
hens. In the right middle distance is a river, with boats on it ; a town is 
situated on the farther bank, and in the distance is a range of hills. 

Panel, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

Etched by S. Ireland from a picture in his possession, measuring 15 inches 
by 20 inches. 

Sale. Van Saceghem of Ghent, Brussels, June 2, 1851, No. 16 (7700 

francs, De la Neuville for the Marquess of Hertford). 
In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 
In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 172. 

513. HALTING AT AN INN. In the right foreground is a 
group of three horses with men in front of an inn, the archway of which 
is partly seen on the extreme right. Before the archway is a man in 
red on a black horse, facing the spectator. To the left of him is a grey 
horse, in profile to the left, drinking from a pail held by a groom in 
brown j the rider stands behind the horse. Farther left, behind the 
groom, is a chestnut horse in profile to the right. In the left foreground 
are two dogs. Beyond them is seen a flat landscape. The foreground is 
in shadow ; the sky is sunny, with clouds. Warm in tone but rather 
uninteresting. [Pendant to 66 1.] 

Panel, 15 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Casimir Perier, London, May 5, 1848 (194, Marquess of Hertford). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 228. 

514. Horsemen before an Inn. In the foreground two cavaliers 
stand beside their horses ; one, a grey, has been unsaddled. Behind them 
lies a dog, in front of an inn, the thatched roof of which is seen in the 
shadow of trees on the left. The sign of a cock, inscribed " Zu den haen," 
hangs out on a pole. To the right are rocky hills, at the foot of which 
are a shepherd and sheep. In the distance is a river. Sunny sky. 

Signed, A. cuyp ; panel, 23 inches by 19 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1882, No. 
124, by Lord Kilmorey. 

In the collection of the Earl of Kilmorey, Morne Park, Kilkeel, County 
Down, Ireland. 

515- TWO TRAVELLERS HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 
271. Two horsemen have halted at an inn, part of which is seen on the 
right. One has dismounted and stands behind his grey horse in the right 



vii AELBERT CUYP 157 

foreground ; the horse is in profile to the left. The other man sits, 
almost facing the spectator, on a dun-coloured horse, on the left, and 
is seen dark against the light sky. Nearer the front are a spotted 
greyhound and a boy with a stick over his right shoulder ; the boy, seen 
in a side view, is looking up at the horsemen. Beyond them stretches a 
flat landscape. This picture resembles in many respects the Steengracht 
picture (546). [Compare also 504.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp ; panel, ii\ inches 
by 1 8 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1892, No. 
8 1, by Sir George Stirling, Bart. 

In the collection of Charles Heusch, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sale. Charles Heusch, London, 1843. 

In the collection of Sir George Stirling, Bart., London, 1877. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1896, No. 5. 

In the collection of Henri Heugel, Paris. 

516. TWO HORSEMEN BEFORE AN INN. One man in 

red has unsaddled his dappled-grey horse, and is tying it up. The other 
man is doing the same for his bay horse. Of the inn only the sign, 
inscribed " In den haen," is to be seen. In the centre is a black-and- 
white dog. In the distance is an artist, with his back to the spectator, 
sketching the broad river-valley. To the right is a high cliff. A work 
of the master's maturity. 

Signed in full in the centre at foot ; panel, i8 inches by 11\ inches, 
or the reverse. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

517. TRAVELLERS HALTING AT AN INN. Three 
horsemen have halted at an inn, the wall of which is just visible on the 
right, while the sign, a white swan, hangs from a pole stretching across 
the picture. Two of the men have dismounted. One sits on a tree- 
trunk in the foreground, pulling up his left boot. His grey horse, in 
profile to the left, stands to the left of him. Behind this horse is the 
second rider's horse, also in profile to the left ; the man stands behind it, 
in the act of mounting ; only part of his head and legs are visible. Both 
horses are held by a boy with a big hat, who stands in the centre, facing 
the spectator. The third rider has mounted, and is seen with his back to 
the spectator, on the right, behind the grey. A young girl beside him 
hands up to him a half-filled glass ; she has a pewter pot in her left hand. 
In the left foreground are an overturned sieve and a waggon-wheel. 
Diagonally across the middle distance flows a stream. On the nearer 
bank are three cows lying down and one standing up. On the other side, 
another river with a town on its bank flows into the main stream. On 
the tongue of land between the rivers are buildings. 

Signed, A. Cuijp ; canvas, 24^ inches by 33^ inches. 

Sale. Duke of Marlborough, London, June 26, 1886, No. 10 (^1837 : los., 
M. Colnaghi). 



I5 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. u. 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Pans, purchased as a whole, 
August 1907, by the London dealers Duveen Brothers ; 1907 catalogue, 
No. 33. 

518. HALTING AT THE INN. In front of a little inn, a 
boy with a white blouse and red breeches stands holding a brown horse by 
the bridle. On the left, the rider, dismounted, takes a glass of beer from 
the hostess at the inn-door. In the foreground lies a brown-and-white 
spotted dog. 

Signed, A. C ; panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 220). 

In the collection of Sir Francis Baring (according to the sale catalogue). 
In the collection of Howard Galton, Hadzor House, near Droitwich. 
Sale. L. Block, Amsterdam, November 14, 1905, No. n (780 florins). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer Gaston Neumans, October 1907. 

519. A HORSEMAN AND GROOM IN FRONT OF AN 

INN. The master, on a brown horse, holds a glass of wine. In front 
of him is the groom, who has dismounted from his grey horse. To the 
right is the hostess holding a jug. [Compare 539.] 

Apparently signed with the monogram, A. C., in light- coloured 
letters ; panel, nj inches by 15 J inches. 

In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle, No. 214. 

520. LEAVING THE INN. Five peasants on horseback are in 
front of an inn with an arbour, partly visible on the right. A sixth man 
is about to mount. To the left of him, one rider sits on a dun horse in 
profile to the left ; a dog is in front of him, and two other dogs are on 
the extreme right. The peasant farthest left of the horsemen rides 
forward, where two boys stand still farther left ; the bigger boy holds a 
stick in his right hand and carries a basket on his left arm. The three 
other horsemen wait a little way back on the right, and converse with 
two men on foot. In the middle distance are trees, and beyond them a 
hilly wooded landscape. The sky is filled with dark clouds. The 
picture is related to "A Horse- Fair " (40). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, "C." ; panel, 14^ inches by 
17 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 26, 1904, No. 1008. 

In the Hoschek Gallery, Prague, 1907 catalogue, No. 23. 

521. Two Horsemen at an Inn. In the right half of the picture 
is an inn, with an open doorway to the left, a window above it, and 
another window opened to the left. At the window is a man, seen at 
half-length ; he wears a large black felt hat and a red shirt under a grey 
jacket, and holds up a bottle. In the middle, at the open doorway, is a 
spotted horse without a saddle ; an elderly man holds it behind him by 
the bridle. At the corner of the house is a young man on a small black 
horse ; he looks at the spectator, and wears a big felt hat, a blue jacket, 



vii AELBERT CUYP 159 

yellow stockings, and shoes. In the extreme left foreground is a tree- 
trunk with three doves on and around it. Beyond is a bright landscape 
with, in the centre, a clump of small trees, one of which is almost leafless. 
In the distance are two hills. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C ; panel, 14 inches by 
21 inches. 

In the collection of the Earl of Dysart, Ham House, Richmond. 

521 a. Halting before the Inn. 51^ inches by 72 inches. 

Sale. Coenraad Baron Droste, The Hague, July 21, 1734 (Hoet, i. 426), 
No. 47 (20 florins). 

521^. Horsemen halting. A fine composition. 

Canvas, 34 inches by 47 inches. 

Sale. Molinari, Brussels, July 15, 1763 (Terw. 348), No. 58 (32 francs). 

52i<r. A Cavalier on a Grey Horse in front of an Inn. The 

host hands him a drink. 
Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 17, 1809, No. 147 (14 florins, Gruyter). 

521^:. Two Horsemen in front of a Building. One has 

dismounted and stands behind his grey horse. The other is mounted 
on a brown horse. 

Panel, I2| inches by 16^ inches. 

Sale. P. van der Santheuvel and J. van Stry, Dordrecht, April 24, 1816, 
No. 10. 



Horsemen halting. Sm. 139. A cavalier in red rides a 
grey horse. A groom holds a brown horse. A man sits on a third horse, 
of a dark colour. Behind these is a countryman watering two other 
horses. In the background is a ruined castle. 
Canvas, 20 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. C. L. Reynders, Brussels, August 6, 1821 (680 florins). 

522. Two Horsemen at an Inn. Sm. 144. One, dismounted, 
offers his companion a glass of liquor which the hostess has poured out. 
Near them are two hunting dogs ; in the distance are trees and a village. 

Panel, 12 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Robert de St. Victor, Paris, November 26, 1822 (900 francs). 

523. Horsemen halting at a Sutler's Booth. [Pendant to 25.] 
Probably, panel, 12 inches by i6 inches the size of the pendant. 

Sales. Marquess of Bute, London, 1822 (.136 : IDS.). 

W. Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, 1823 (123 : 1 8s., Martin). 

524. Halting at the Inn. On the right, in front of an inn, the 
sign of which is hung out across the picture, two cavaliers have 
dismounted. One has taken the saddle off his grey horse and put it 
down, while he ties the bridle to the corner of the inn. The other man 
stands behind his horse and is unsaddling it. In the left foreground are 



j6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

two greyhounds. Beyond, in the middle distance, is a shepherdess with 
sheep and cows. In the distance is a plain with cottages and a windmill. 
In the right foreground is a tree. [Possibly identical with 508.] 
[Compare 541 and 541^.] 

Panel, 25! inches by 27$ inches. 

In the collection of the Due Auguste d'Arenberg, Brussels, 1829 catalogue, 
No. 1 8. 

525. Two Horsemen halting. Sm. 168. A grey horse is 
drinking out of a pail held by a boy in a red jacket ; the rider stands 
behind. Beyond is a second rider mounted on a bay horse ; he points to 
some distant object. Two dogs follow the man. [Compare 530^, with 
which it may be identical.] 

Panel, 8| inches by n| inches. 

Sale. George Morant, London, 1832 (65 : 2s.). 

525*7. Cavaliers halting at an Inn. Sm. 148. There are three 
horses. That nearest to the spectator is a grey horse ; the next is a bay, 
whose rider is about to mount ; the third, a chestnut, has its rider with a 
plumed hat in the saddle. They are followed by a dog. The inn, only 
part of which is visible, is on the left. A clear day. 

Panel, 17 inches by 12^ inches. 

Saks. Marquess of Bute, London, 1822 (36 : 155.). 
Edward V. Utterson, London, 1832 (29 : 8s.). 

526. Cavaliers halting. Sm. 17. One cavalier stands beside a 
saddled grey horse that is drinking out of a pail. A second cavalier holds 
the rein of a bay horse without a saddle. A third cavalier, on a brown 
horse, rides out of a stable-yard on the left. Two dogs await their 
masters' departure. To the right is a landscape. "Painted in the artist's 
finished manner" (Sm.). [Pendant to 246.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 76 (501 florins, Beekman). 
Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832, No. 73 (3200 francs). 

527. Cavaliers halting at an Inn. Sm. 66 ; Suppl. 13. Three 
horsemen have just halted as a country inn. Two have dismounted from 
grey and bay horses which stand together, with their reins tied to a tree. 
The third cavalier sits on his horse. Near him one of his companions sits 
on a bench at the side of the inn, only part of which is visible ; he holds 
a cane, and has a tankard and glass near him, and a dog at his side. In 
the distance is an open country, with a canal and bushy trees. A fine 
summer evening. [Probably identical with 511.] 

Panel, 18 inches by 28^ inches. 

Sales. Claude Tolozan, Paris, February 23, 1801 (5350 francs). 

(Private sale) Duchesse de Berry, London, 1834 (480, Henry 
Be van). 

528. Three Cavaliers halting at an Inn. Sm. 257. Two of 
the cavaliers have dismounted from their horses, a grey and a bay, which 






vii AELBERT CUYP 161 

stand in profile and are held by a youth. Farther away, on the opposite 
side, three men are playing cards. A fine evening. 
Canvas, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

In the collection of Lady Hampden, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

529. Halting at an Inn. Sm. 251. A bay pony is tied by the 
reins to a post outside an inn. The rider has entered, leaving his dog 
beside the pony. Farther away, on the opposite side, come a man on 
foot and a horseman. A warm evening. 

Panel, i8 inches by i8 inches. 

In the collection of the Rev. J. Clowes, Manchester, 1834. (Sm.). 

530. A Saddled Horse, Groom, and Rider. In front of an 
inn is a saddled horse, which a groom holds by the bridle. Near it, a 
man is conversing with another man. In the foreground are a spotted 
dog, a cock, and hens. In the distance is a river with sailing-boats ; 
beyond it is a church. 

Canvas. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September n, 1839, No. 24 (32 florins). 

530^. Horsemen halting. A fine composition. 
Sale. Brussels, August I, 1842, No. 22. 

530^. Two Travellers halting at an Inn. Sm. Suppl. 58. 
One traveller has dismounted from a grey horse, seen in profile, which is 
feeding out of a sack held by a boy. The other man sits on his horse and 
points to some distant object. Two dogs follow the man. The group is 
on the right in front of a house, only part of which is visible. In the 
distance are trees. [Compare 525, with which it may be identical.] 

Copper, 8| inches by 12 inches. 

In the collection of Henry Bevan, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

531. Gentlemen leaving an Inn. Sm. 219. Near the corner 
of an inn, from which hangs a pewter jug, a page, hat in hand, holds 
a dappled -grey horse while the rider mounts. His companions have 
already mounted and ridden off; one of them points with his right hand 
to some distant object. They are accompanied by a man on foot. " An 
excellent picture" (Sm.). [Pendant to 537.] [Compare 537#, with 
which it may be identical.] 

Signed at the top to the left under the inn roof, A. C. 
Panel, 16 inches by 2i| inches. 

In the collection of John Newington Hughes, 1834 (Sm.) ; sold in London, 
April 14, 1848. 

Sales. (Possibly) Denison, London, 1885 (107). 

Ad. Jos. BOsch, Vienna, April 28, 1885, No. 10 (3000 florins, 
Bourgeois). 

531*7. Horsemen halting at an Inn. 

Sale. T. Capron, London, May 3, 1851 (201, Clarke). 

VOL. II M 



!6 2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

532. Two Horsemen at an Inn. In front of an inn-door two 
horsemen have halted. One has dismounted and rests while he smokes 
his pipe. The other is speaking to the village blacksmith. A groom gives 
the first man's horse some oats. A dog lies near the other horse. There 
are several other figures ; behind the inn are a ruin and a wooden fence. 

Panel, 19 inches by 24 inches. 

S<7&. Comte R. de Cornelissen, Brussels, May 11, 1857, No. 14. 
532*. Two Horsemen at an Inn. One has dismounted. Near 
him is a man with two dogs. [Pendant to 532^.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 235). 

In the collection of the Earl of Harrington, Harrington House, London, 
1857. 

532^. Horsemen at an Inn. [Pendant to 5320.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 236). 

In the collection of the Earl of Harrington, Harrington House, London, 
1857. 

533. Three Horsemen at an Inn. Sm. Suppl. 53. One is 
drinking. At the door stands the hostess with a jug. In the background 
are other figures and horses, a river and a church. 

Canvas, 22^ inches by 31^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 
In the Boursault collection, bought by Arteria (Sm.). 

In the collection of Edmund Higginson, 1842 (Sm.), which was sold, 
London, June 4, 1846. 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 31 (94 : IDS., W. Gibbs). 

534. THREE HORSES BEING WATERED (or, Two 
Horsemen halting in front of a House). Sm. Suppl. 38. In front 
of a house that fills the right side of the picture two horsemen have 
halted. One, in red, sits on a black horse ; the other stands behind a 
grey horse, which a groom is watering. Near the groom is a dark-brown 
horse. To the left are two greyhounds. In the distance is a hilly land- 
scape with a few trees ; a ruin is partly hidden by thick bushes. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. } panel, 20^ inches by 
26 inches (within the frame). 

Sales. L. B. Coders, Amsterdam, August 7, 1811, No. 9 (1575 florins, De 

Vries). 
L. B. Coders, Amsterdam, April 8, 1816, No. 13 (810 florins, De 

Vries). 

In the collection of D. van der Schrieck, Louvain, 1842 (Sm.). 
Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 12 

(1700 francs) said to measure 22 inches by 26^ inches. 
In the collection of A. de Ridder, Cronberg, near Frankfort-on-Main, 
since 1902. 

534*. Two Riders watering their Horses. At the door of an 

old building. 

In the Bartels collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 163 

534^. Halt of Travellers. 

Signed. 

Sale. Madame J. van der Hoop and others, Rotterdam, October 13, 1864, 
No. 301. 

534f. Riders at an Inn. A cavalier on a chestnut horse, another 
on a grey, and a woman, in front of an inn. 

Sale. Hinds, London, 1870 (252, Nieuwenhuys). 

535. Leaving the Inn. A cavalier on a bay horse, to the left of 
whom stand two or three other persons, draws rein near a river, waiting 
for his groom to pay the innkeeper's bill. The groom's horse drinks from 
a trough, near which sits a man holding a mug of beer. In the middle 
distance is the inn ; beyond the river in the distance are the houses and 
church towers of a country town. 

Canvas. 

Sale. Lemaitre, Paris, March 5, 1874, No. 9. 

535*7. Leaving the Inn. The horsemen are pulling on their boots. 

Sale. Barnett, London, 1881 (735, Lesser). 

536. Horses at an Inn. A cavalier stands behind a grey horse. 
Farther away, in the centre, are two black horses in front of an inn ; one 
is held by a man. In the distance are three other figures. There are 
buildings at each side. 

Panel, n inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, 
No. 1 1 8. 

Then in the collection of Lord Mount Temple, Broadlands, 1884. 

537. Gentlemen halting at a Roadside Inn. Sm. 218. One 
cavalier, in yellow with a plumed hat, rides a grey horse. To his right stands 
another man. A third, on a dark horse, is on the farther side of the 
group. The host is pouring out a glass of liquor. In the centre of the 
road is a fourth cavalier on a prancing grey. Beyond are a horse and cart 
going towards a town. In the distance is a little archway. Near the 
inn on the left are two women and a boy playing with a dog. On the 
right an old woman is buying at a booth. [Pendant to 531. See 537^]. 

Signed, in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 15 inches by 
19^ inches. 

In the collection of John Newington Hughes, 1834 (Sm.) ; sold in London, 
April 14, 1848. 

Sale. Denison, London, June 6, 1885 (107 : 2s., Mrs. Joseph). 

In the collection of Mrs. Joseph, London, since 1885 ; there entitled "A 
Riding-School." 

537<2. Horsemen at an Inn. [Probably identical with 531. See 

537-J 

15 inches by 19^ inches. 

Sale. London, 1885 (^107) according to Art Sales. 



j6 4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

If the picture is identical with 531, the sale was that of Denison, in which 
the pendant (537), similar in theme and in size, was sold for about the same 
price. 

537/>. Halting at the Ale-House. In front of a rustic ale-house, a 
groom is giving fodder to a grey horse, which stands at a trough. Brown 
in tone. 

Panel, 14 \ inches by 14 inches. 

Sale.]. C. Develey, Cologne, October 28, 1889, No. 23. 

538. HORSEMAN LEAVING A HOUSE. In front of a 
cottage, a cavalier is mounting his horse, which is held by a page. In 
the middle distance is another man in red with a dog. This strongly 
reminds one of an early Wouwerman, but is not a specially good picture. 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner. 

17! inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Heymel, Berlin, November 5, 1889, No. 143. 

539. TWO TRAVELLERS HALTING AT AN INN. 

Sm. 270. Two horsemen halt before an inn, only a small corner of 
which, with an archway, is visible at one side. One man stands behind 
his dappled-grey horse, which is in profile to the right ; he looks at his 
companion, who sits facing the spectator on a bright bay horse. In the 
right foreground is a black-and-white dog. In the distance is a hilly 
landscape. [Compare 519.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 1 1 inches by 15 inches. 

In the collection of Richard Winstanley, 1834 (Sm.).. 
Sales. R. Winstanley, London, March 15, 1850. 

Adrian Hope, London, June 30, 1894, No. 23 (556 : los., Davis). 

540. HALTING AT THE SPRING. There is a high jet of 
water. A horseman has dismounted and waters his bay horse, which is 
in profile to the right. To the right of it are two dogs, one standing, 
the other lying down. A second cavalier in a red cloak, mounted on a 
grey horse, rides down a hill to the left in the middle distance. In the 
background, to the right, is a herdsman with cattle. 

14 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Schonlank, Cologne, April 28, 1896, No. 37 (2150 marks). 

541. Riders with Horses at an Inn. In the distance are a river 
and houses. [Compare 508, 524, 541^.] 

23 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Lady Page Turner and others, London, February 21, 1903, No. 91. 

541*. Riders halting. 

In the possession of the Paris dealers Arnold and Tripp, 1903. 

54i. Riders with Horses at an Inn. [Possibly identical with 
508.] [Compare 524 and 541.] 
23 inches by 28 1 inches. 

Sa k- Chr. Bushell and others, London, March 17, 1906, No. 97. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 165 

54 ic. Travellers halting at an Inn. 

17^ inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. London, May 31, 1906, No. 13. 

54 1 ^/. In front of the Inn. 

Sale. Stchoukine, Berlin, April 9, 1907, No. 12 (1000 marks). 

542. BOY HOLDING A GREY HORSE, AND A 
CAVALIER. On the left a boy in a brown hat and coat stands hold- 
ing a grey saddle-horse, which is in profile to the left. Behind it, to the 
right and farther back, is a cavalier. To the left, beside the road, rises a 
somewhat steep hill. The same subject, with slight variations in the 
landscape and the figure on the right, is repeated in the Wallace Collection 
picture (553). 

Signed, A. cuijp ; panel, 14 inches by 12^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 455). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1878, 
No. 268. 

Exhibited by C. Sedelmeyer, the Paris dealer, 1901, No. 58. 

Sale. Lord Dunmore, London, 1870 (199 : ios., bought in). 

In the collection of Viscount Powerscourt, 1878. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, 1901, and in his 
"Catalogue of 100 Paintings," 1897, No. 3. 

Now in America. 

542*7. A Saddled Horse. 

Signed ; panel, n inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 43. 

In the collection of the Comte de 1'Espine, Brussels. 

542^. A Horse. 

Panel, 12 inches by i8 inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 44*. 

In the collection of E. Slingeneyer, Brussels. 

543. TWO HORSES WITHOUT SADDLES IN A LAND- 
SCAPE. One horse in profile to the right stands in the centre fore- 
ground. Ducks are swimming on a pond in the left and centre foreground. 
In the right middle distance is seen the corner of a large thatched building ; 
in front of it two men are standing, while a little girl is seated with her 
back to the spectator. In the left distance is a far-stretching landscape. 
[Pendant to 544.] 

Signed on the right with the monogram j panel, 14 inches by 20^ 
inches. 

In the Fitzwilliam collection, Cambridge. 

In the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1898 catalogue, No. 68. 

544. LANDSCAPE WITH FIGURES AND HORSES. 

[Pendant to 543.] 

Panel, 14 inches by 2o| inches. 

In the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1898 catalogue, No. 77. 



166 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

545. A GREY SADDLE-HORSE IN A DEFILE. A red 

coat hangs over the saddle. Two greyhounds are under the horse. 
' Scheibler thinks this picture more in the manner of Stoop. 
Panel, 17 inches by 13! inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 721). 
In the Suermondt collection, Aachen. 

Transferred in 1878 from the Berlin Museum (Storeroom catalogue, 
No. 1316) to DUsseldorf. 

In the Royal Academy of Art, Dtlsseldorf, 1901 catalogue, No. 208. 

546. A SADDLED HORSE IN FRONT OF AN INN. 

Sm. 131. To the left in front of a house is a light bay horse in profile 
to the right. It is saddled and bridled. Behind it to the left stands its 
rider ; he faces the spectator and is in shadow. A young groom on the 
right holds the horse. A dog lies at his feet on the left ; on the right a 
little girl, seen in a three-quarter view from the back, looks up at the man. 
Beyond is a river ; on the farther bank rises the church of Dordrecht. 
[Compare 504 and 514.] 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, io inches by 14^ inches. 

Sales. Thomas Theodor Cremer, Rotterdam, April 1 6, 1816, No. 14 

(865 florins, Josi). 
Jurriaans, Amsterdam, August 28, 1817, No. 8 (500 florins, De 

Vries). 

Amsterdam, April 30, 1821, No. 32 (327 florins, Brondgeest). 
S. J. Stinstra and others, Amsterdam, May 22, 1822, No. 35. 
In the Steengracht collection, The Hague. 

547. STUDY OF A HORSE. A brown-and-white piebald horse 
stands in the open, relieved in light against a dark-grey sky. To the left, in 
front of some logs, lie a saddle, a curry-comb, a barrel and tub, and a 
wooden shoe. 

Panel, 13 inches by 17 inches. 

Lent by the Victoria and Albert Museum. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 1683. 

548. TWO HORSES IN FRONT OF A HOUSE. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 285). 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, London. 

549. A NEGRO HOLDING TWO HORSES. Sm. 112. 
In the foreground is a dappled-grey horse, in profile to the right ; behind it 
to the left is a dark-brown horse. A negro boy standing on the left holds 
both by their reins. Two dogs are on either side of him. To the right, 
behind the horses, stand their riders conversing. In the background to 
the right is a range of hills, with building in the Italian style. On the 
left is a broad placid river, in front of which are two cows. A summer 
afternoon. A fine picture. 

Canvas, 56 inches by 89 inches. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 20). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1826 and 1827 ; and at the 
Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1877, No. 133. 



vn AELBERT CUYP 167 

Sale. Lord Rendlesham, London, June 20, 1806 (525). 
In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, London, No. 1 68 ; it was in 
the Royal collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

550. THE TROOPER BESIDE HIS HORSE (or, The 
Cavalier and a Grey Horse). Sm. 241. In the foreground a grey 
charger, with a black saddle and pistols on it, stands in profile to the left. 
A trooper, in profile to the right, stands beside it, decorating the bridle 
with a blue ribbon. He has long hair, and wears a large grey hat, a 
cuirass over a buff jerkin, a red sash, and riding-boots. A brown dog lies 
at his feet. Beyond, in the middle distance, is a camp, with tents and 
horsemen. To the right a horseman in shadow rides along a road leading 
in zigzags down a mountain. To the left is an open landscape. An 
excellent picture ; clear morning light. 

Signed, A. cuyp ; canvas, 46 inches by 58^ inches. 

Mentioned by Jameson, Private Galleries, 18 ; by Waagen (ii. 19) ; and by 
W. Btlrger, Tresors d' Art en Angleterre, 267. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1826, 1827, and 1835 at 
Manchester, 1857, No. 764; and at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 
1882, No. 134. 

In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, London, No. 106 ; it was in 
the Royal collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

550*. A BROWN HORSE AT A FEEDING-TROUGH. 

[Possibly identical with 574.] 

In the possession of Sir G. Donaldson, London. 

551. TWO HORSES. A brown horse, saddled, stands in profile 
to the left. On the right is a grey horse, facing the spectator ; a groom 
in a red cap and dark clothes is tightening the girths. Beyond are trees 
and a wall. To the left are bushes and open country, with a castle tower. 
Bluish-grey sky. The Dulwich catalogue describes it as an early work, 
but this is uncertain. 

Panel, II inches by 15^ inches. 
Engraved by R. Cockburn. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 71 (old 
No. 156). 

552. HORSES TIED TO A TREE. Sm. Suppl. 37. A grey 
horse and a bay horse behind it stand saddled, in profile to the left. Their 
reins are tied to a tree on the extreme left. On the right, and farther 
back, a man in purplish-grey on a light-bay horse, in profile to the right, 
almost faces the spectator. They are on the sandy foreground of a flat 
landscape with a river. 

A signed drawing of this group is in the Albertina, Vienna ; the 
group recurs in another picture. 
Panel, 17^ inches by 21 inches. 

In the Van der Schrieck collection, Louvain, 1842 (Sm.). 
Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 13 

(6100 francs, Sir Richard Wallace). 
In the collection of Sir Richard Wallace. 
In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 232. 



j68 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

553. A BOY HOLDING A GREY HORSE. The grey horse 
stands in profile to the left, held by a little boy in a dark costume with 
black slouch hat and white stockings. To the right is a big brown-and- 
white dog, seated, facing right ; behind the horse is the rider, with his 
back to the spectator. A hilly landscape background. 

The picture corresponds to (542) ; the horizon of the landscape and 
the figure on the right alone vary. Both pictures are genuine. 
Panel, 15 inches by 12 inches. 
In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 250. 

554. A DAPPLED-GREY HORSE. In profile to the left. 
Signed with the monogram. 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London. 

555. A GREY HORSE AND CAVALIER IN FRONT OF 
A COUNTRY HOUSE. On the right, in front of a country house 
with a tree, stands a dappled saddle-horse in profile to the left. The rider 
stands beside the horse, adjusting the bridle. He wears a plumed hat, a 
broad red sash over a buff" coat that fells to the knees, a sword, and long 
wide boots with big spurs. At the back are some tents, the foremost of 
which is round. Two banners are suspended from long poles over this 
tent. Near it is a horseman ; farther away are men on foot. In the 
distance are a red house and trees. In the middle distance is a church. 
Cloudy sky. 

Signed in the right-hand upper corner on the house wall, A. C. ; 
panel, 12 inches by 15 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1818 ; and at the Royal 
Academy Winter Exhibition, 1890, No. 114. 

Sale. Lapeyriere, Paris, April 14, 1817 (794 francs, Duke of Wellington). 

In the collection of the Duke of Wellington, Apsley House, London, 1901 
catalogue, No. 42. 

556. A Dappled Horse, with a Dog. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, No. 23. 
In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, London, 1888 catalogue, 
No. 124. 

557- LANDSCAPE WITH HORSES AND COWS. In the 

left foreground are two horses ; one, a grey, faces left j the other, a brown, 
behind it, faces right. Behind them is a tree. On the right is a plain 
intersected by a river. In the centre is a group of cows, two lying down 
and one standing up. In the foreground to the right are dark bushes. 
Warm sky. An early work in straw-yellow and brown tones. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner j panel, 20 inches by 26^ 
inches. 

In the collection of Max Oppenheim, Mainz. 

In the Mainz Museum, Max Oppenheim bequest, 1907. 

558- A SADDLE-HORSE AND ITS RIDER IN FRONT 
OF A COTTAGE. Sm. 267. An officer, in brown riding-clothes 



vii AELBERT CUYP 169 

with a red sash, a plumed hat, and high top-boots, stands on the left beside 
his grey horse, which is in profile to the left. Behind him is a ruined 
cottage. In the distance is a camp canteen with figures. A very fine 
little picture. 

Panel, n| inches by 15 inches. 

From the Zweibriicken Gallery. 

In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 474. 

559. HORSE IN A LANDSCAPE. 

In the Chiaramonte Bordenaro collection, Palermo. 

560. A BOY HOLDING THE BRIDLES OF THREE 
HORSES. Sm. 2IO, and Suppl. 30. in front of a house, a boy stands 
holding the bridles of two brown horses and a dappled-grey. The brown 
horse at the corner of the house has a saddle with red housings. In the 
foreground are a hunting dog and a little dog. In the distance is a castle 
with a round tower. [Possibly identical with 582.] 

Panel, 13 inches by 20^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1878, No. 
243, by J. L. Mieville. 

In the Vrancken collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

Sales. Vrancken, Lokeren, 1838, No. 7 (2850 francs, Chaplin). 

James Stewart, London, April 20, 1839 (100, Chaplin). 

J. Louis MieVille, London, April 29, 1899, No 62 (1029, Agnew). 
In the collection of the Marquise de Ganay, Paris. 

561. A SADDLE-HORSE WITH RIDER AND GROOM. 

A dappled-grey saddle-horse, facing left, is held by a boy in light-blue. 
Behind it, the rider, whose face is hidden, sits on the ground pulling up 
his boots. A big dog crouches between the boy and the horse. On the 
left and farther back, a huntsman in red runs after three dogs towards the 
right. This is a work of the master's maturity, like the Louvre pictures. 

Signed in full in the left-hand bottom corner ; canvas, 32 inches by 
48 inches. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

562. A BROWN HORSE. In profile to the right. It has a 
blue saddle adorned with gold, and is held by a boy, who wears a long 
dark-green coat, a red fur-trimmed cap and a sword. Farther off, in 
shadow, a horseman is going away to the right. To the left is water. 
The clouds are brightly illumined by sunlight. A hilly landscape. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 14 inches by 
il| inches. 

Sales. D. Vis Blokhuysen of Rotterdam, Paris, April i, 1870, No. 12 

(305 francs). 

Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, March 9, 1881, No. 251. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer. 
In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

563. THREE HORSES IN FRONT OF A STABLE (or, 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

A Halt of Travellers). Sm. Suppl. i At the entrance to a stable, with 
a vine-clad stone wall, stands a little boy, wearing a large felt hat and a 
long brown cloak. He holds the bridles of three horses. Two brown 
horses are saddled ; the third, a dappled-grey, is not. In the left distance 
is a river with houses and a round tower on its banks. An "excellent 
picture" (Sm.). The catalogue ascribes this to Cuyp's early period, 
because it is signed with the monogram, but it belongs to his maturity. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. C. j canvas, 14^ inches by 
23 inches. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1105 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.). 

564. HORSES BEING SADDLED. A black horse in profile 
is prominent. [Pendant to 466.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 42). 

In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth, No. 74. 

565. LANDSCAPE WITH HORSES. 

In the collection of Albert von Rothschild, Vienna. 

565*7. Three Horses. And a man, in a very fine landscape. 
Panel, 18 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Isaac Hermansen, Middelburg, March 4, 1767 (Terw. 581), No. 1 1 
(315 florins 20). 

565^. A Horse with Peasants. And a dog. 
14^ inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Arnoud Leers, Amsterdam, May 19, 1767 (Terw. 60 1), No. 77 
(20 florins). 

566. A Piebald Horse. It is held by a groom in front of a stable. 
At one side is a peasant on a brown horse, who seems to be asking the 
way. In the foreground stands a dog. In the distance are a little river 
and hills. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale.], van der Velden, Amsterdam, December 3, 1781, No. 19 (47 florins, 
Yver). 

566*. A Grey Horse. A cavalier stands beside it. In the distance 
a landscape, with a tent of figures. [Pendant to 566**.] 
Panel, io| inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Jan Maul and others, Leyden, September 28, 1782, No. 20 (71 florins, 
with pendant, Coders). 

566**. A Brown Horse. A cavalier holds it by the bridle. He 
speaks to a child. In front of him lies a dog. Another cavalier with a 
riding- whip is behind the horse. [Pendant to 566*.] 

Panel, io inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Jan Maul and others, Leyden, September 28, 1782, No. 21 (71 florins, 
with pendant, Coders). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 171 

566*. Servants with Horses and Children. Sm. 50. [Pendant 
to 567.] 

10 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, London, May 29, 1794 (46 :4$.). 

567. Horses. Sm. 51. [Pendant to 566*7.] 
10 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, London, May 29, 1794 (43 : is.). 

567*7. A Grey Horse with a Groom. In a landscape. 

In the Hocker collection, Nymwegen. 

Sale. Slater, London, 1806 (51 : izs., with a landscape, Birch). 

568. A Peasant Boy and two Horses. Before an inn. [Pendant 
to 569.] 

Sale. Madame Pelgrom, Antwerp, August 28, 1809, No. 30. 

569. A Grey Horse and a Rider. [Pendant to 568.] 
Sale. Madame Pelgrom, Antwerp, August 28, 1809, No. 31. 

569*7. A Grey Saddle-Horse. A boy holds a grey saddle-horse by 
the bridle, in the foreground of a hilly landscape with many trees. The 
rider is preparing for the hunt. Behind him is a huntsman with dogs. 

Canvas, 35 inches by 46 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 24, 1811, No. 30 (865 florins, Reyers). 

569^. A Horse standing. With a dog lying down. 
Panel, 8 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 24, 1811, No. 32 (32 florins, Gruyter). 

569*-. Two Old Horses. Two old horses, one a grey, the other a 
chestnut, are feeding at a manger in front of the door of a house. A 
country boy with a basket under his arm. 

Canvas, 17! inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. B. 17. 

569^. A Grey Saddle-Horse. Its rider holds it, in a flat landscape. 

Panel, 12 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. M. Watering, Amsterdam, September 9, 1813, No. 34 (48 florins). 

569*. Two Saddle- Horses. A dog lies near one horse j some hens 
are near the other. 

12^ inches by II inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 24, 1815, No. 16 (11 florins, Gruyter). 

56o./ A Black Horse with a Yellow Cloth. It is tied to a 
' hedge. 

Panel, 6| inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. P. van der Santheuvel and J. van Stry, Dordrecht, April 24, 1816, 
No. ii. 



I;2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

570. Horses. In front of an inn, " Het Grayse Paard " (or, " The 
Grey Horse "). 

S*._Woodburn, London, 1818 (45 : 3., bought in). 

570*. A Dappled -Grey Horse and its Rider. In front of a 
grotto sits a Tartar holding the rein of his dappled-grey, which has 
neither saddle nor housings. 

Panel, 14 inches by loj inches. 

Sale. De Burtin, Brussels, July 21, 1819, No. 35. 

570^. A Dappled-Grey Horse at Pasture. Near it crouches a 

dog. 

Panel, 8 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September II, 1820, No. 35 
(29 florins, Engelberts). 

571. A Brown Saddle-Horse. It is held by a cavalier at the side j 
cows are lying down or standing up. Hilly landscape. 

Panel, 18 inches by 22 inches. 

Saks. H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September 1 1, 1820, No. 36 
(250 florins, Brondgeest). 

571*2. Landscape with Horses. 

Panel, 15 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 55 (9 florins 10, Hopman). 

5 7 1/>. A Horse galloping in a Landscape. 
Panel, 5 inches by 5 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 56 (8 florins). 

57 ic. A Man with Horses and Dogs. In front of a stable. 
Panel, n inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 57 (10 florins, Gruyter). 



. A Horse standing up. In the background are a mounted 
man and a huntsman. By Cuyp or in his manner. 

Sale. Fr. J. Mensart and others, Amsterdam, September 2, 1824, No. 43 
(14 florins, Gruyter). 

57 le. A Brown Saddle-Horse. A cavalier holds it by the bridle. 
In the foreground are sheep and two cows, and a building. 
Panel. 

&*& D- N. Teengs, Monnickendam, September 23, 1824, No. 14 
(60 florins, Gruyter). 

572. A Cavalier standing by a Horse. In a hilly landscape. 
Two cattle are in the distance. 
Panel, 13 inches by 2o inches. 

Salt. Widow of J. Ph. de Monte", Rotterdam, July 4, 1825, No. 76 
(130 florins, Wyland). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 173 

5720. Landscape with Horses. 

Sale. G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 226 (40 florins, 
Van der Bleik). 

572^. Landscape with two Horses. Three figures, a dog, and 
other objects. 

Panel, 14 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April n, 1827, No. 28 (40 florins, Lamme). 

572f. A Saddle-Horse in a Landscape. 

Panel, i8| inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Bennet, Leyden, April 10, 1829, No. 28 (4 florins 5, Gruyter). 

573. A Dappled-Grey Horse. Sm. 217. Represented life-size in 
a pasture. In the background are several other horses. " This is a free 
and masterly production, but is of little comparative value, as the animals 
are but indifferently drawn " (Sm.). 

Canvas, 67 inches by 80 inches. 

In the Heris collection, Brussels, 1834 (Sm.) ; but not in the H6ris sale, 
March 25, 1841. 

574. A Brown Horse. Sm. Suppl. 43. A brown horse, standing 
in the foreground of a pasture, with its head to the spectator. In the 
distance is a flat landscape with a river, near which three cows are 
grazing. Morning. [Possibly identical with 5500.] 

Panel, 19 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. J. B. West, London, March 21, 1835 (^34: 135.). 

575. Cavalier with Groom and Horse. In the foreground of 
a landscape is a cavalier in old Dutch costume ; to the left of him stands 
a groom, holding a black horse. A fine picture. 

Canvas, 46 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 43. 

576. A Dappled -Grey Horse. It is held by a lad. Near him 
are two dogs, one standing up, the other lying down. 

Panel, 29 inches by 38^ inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 45. 

577. Two Saddle- Horses. With a man, in a landscape. One, a 
brown horse, is grazing. +. 

Canvas, i\\ inches by 16^ inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 49. 

578. Cavalier about to mount his Horse. A cavalier in black, 
with a grey hat, approaches his horse, to mount it ; the horse is held by a 
page. In the distance is a landscape ; a great river fills the right side. 

Panel. 

In the collection of A. van den Heuvel, Utrecht. 

Sale. Heris of Brussels, Paris, March 25, 1841, No. 29. 



I74 AELBERT CUYP SECT; 

578*. Two Horses in front of a Stable. 

Panel. 

Sale. Van Barneveld, Van den Haute, and others, Antwerp, February 26, 
1844, No. 6. 

57 8. Horse in front of an Inn. 

Panel. 

Sale. Van Barneveld, Van den Haute, and others, Antwerp, February 26, 
1844, No. 48. 

579. Landscape with Grey Horses. They are held by a lad. 
Sale. E. W. Lake, London, 1845 (100 : 1 6s., Nieuwenhuys). 

580. A Piebald Horse. Sm. 220. A groom holds a piebald horse, 
while the rider stands near the stable-door. A third person looks out of 
a window above. On the other side is an open landscape. Early 
morning. 

Panel, 14 inches by 17 inches. 

In the collection of John Newington Hughes, 1834 (Sm.) ; it was put up 
for auction, London, April 14, 1848. 

581. A Man in White leading a Brown Horse. A child in 
red. 

19^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. W. Jones, London, May 8, 1852 (157, Nieuwenhuys). 

581^7. Man with a Grey Horse and Dog. 

In the collection of Howard Galton, Hadzor House near Droitwich, 1854 
(Waagen, iii. 221). 

582. Three Horses. They are held by a lad ; one is piebald-grey. 
A dog ; some buildings at the back. [Compare 560.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 208). 

Sale. Lord Northwick, Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, July 26, 1859, 
No. 235 (152 : 55., bought in). 

582*. A Dappled-Chestnut Horse. In a landscape. 
Signed j canvas, 13! inches by io inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, September 2, 1862, No. 15. 

582^. Two Saddle- Horses. A young negro holds them. 
In the Esterhazy collection, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

583. A Grey Horse. Its rider leads it to the left, where three boys 
sit on the ground, playing cards. Ruins in the distance. 

Canvas, 28 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. A. }. Essingh, Cologne, September 1 8, 1865, No. 172. 

584. A Dappled- Grey Horse held by a Boy. The rider is 
some distance away. A fine dog crouches in front of the horse. 

Panel, 16 inches by 12 inches. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 175 

In the De Leick collection, London. 

Sales. Baron de Varange, Paris, May 26, 1852, No. 7 (3999 francs, 

Lamme). 
H. de Kat, Paris, May 2, 1866, No. 1 8 (3900 francs). 

5840. Four Studies of Horses. 

Sale. B. Lans and others, Amsterdam, April 25, 1871, No. 34. 

584^. A Dappled-Grey Horse, saddled. It is held by a youth. 
Strong colour. 

Panel, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

From a Rotterdam collection. 

Sales. Sedelmeyer, Vienna, December 20, 1872, No. 96 (640 florins). 

585. A Dappled-Grey Horse held by a Boy. Sm. 215, and 
Suppl. 31. The rider goes away behind a hill. A second cavalier, 
mounted on a dark-brown horse, is seen approaching. An open landscape 
with bare hills on the left. A fine summer evening. " An admirable 
production, of the choicest quality " (Sm.). 

Signed, A. cuyp ; panel, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1875, No. 21, by 
J. E. Fordham. 

Imported into England by Chaplin and sold (for .300) in 1831. 
Sales. Samuel Archbutt, London, 1833 (144 : i8s.). 

Ralph Fletcher of Gloucester, London, June 9, 1838 (231, James 

Baker). 
J. E. Fordham, London, June 5, 1875 (1207 : ios., bought in). 

585*. A Grey Horse. 

37 inches by 39 inches. 

Sales. J. Hargreaves, London, 1873 C49 : 1Os -> Newman). 

585/1. Landscape with a Grey Horse. 

Panel, 13 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. St. Amaro, Frankfort-on-Main, June 5, 1894, No. 7. 

586. A GREY HORSE AND THREE BAY HORSES. 

With men, in an open landscape. Hills in the distance. 

In the possession of the London dealer Thomas Lawrie, March 1896. 

587. A Piebald Horse. At a gate which a peasant opens; with 
two big dogs. 

39 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. Starkey, London, May 15, 1897, No. 109. 

588. A RIDER HOLDING A GREY HORSE. In a land- 
scape, with a church in the distance. Not an especially good picture. 

Signed ; 17^ inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. London, May 27, 1897, No. 96 (^42). 

588*. A Grey Horse held by a Man. A child stands near. 
Signed, A. C. ; panel, io| inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Baird and others, London, June 26, 1897, No. 64. 



176 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

588^. A Grey Horse. 

Panel, 9! inches by 13 inches. 

Sale, Whitworth Shaw and others, London, July 21, 1900, No. 23. 

588*:. Officer with a Horse. In a river landscape. 

Panel, 13 inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. London, February 24, 1902, No. 6. 

588^. A Peasant Boy with a Horse. 

Panel, 12 inches by i6| inches. 

S tf &. London, December 3, 1904, No. 118. 

588*. A Rider and two Horses near a Building. 

Panel, 12 inches by 1 6 inches. 
Sale. L. C. Lumley and others, London, April II, 1906, No. 141. 

589. TWO HORSES IN FRONT OF A STABLE. The 

stable is in the middle distance, to the right. One horse, a dappled-grey, 
stands in a three-quarter view, turned to the left away from the spectator, 
before the open stable-door. Beside it to the left is the other, a brown 
horse, in profile to the right. On the left, near a pump, stands a boy 
facing the spectator ; he lifts a pail of water to bring it to the horses. 
The portion including the horses is genuine ; on the left and at the top a 
broad piece of canvas has been added by a later hand. 
Canvas, 16 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Weyer of Cologne, Amsterdam, April 24, 1906, No. 58 (1325 
florins. 

590. Horsemen watering their Horses. In the foreground, on 
the bank of a stream in the right middle distance, are three horsemen. 
One, almost in the centre and facing the spectator, rides a grey. Another, 
also on a grey, is to the left in profile. Beyond him, the third cavalier, 
on a dark horse with his back to the spectator, rides towards a building in 
the left middle distance. Beyond the group is a tall tree. Two other 
riders are watering three horses in the stream to the right. An open 
landscape with hills at the back. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 22^ inches by 27^ inches. 

In the collection of Leigh Pemberton, Tony Hill, near Sittingbourne. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of IOO 
Paintings," 1899, No. 5. 
Now in America. 

591. Three Horsemen watering their Horses. Sm. 235. To 

the left, in a river which fills the foreground, a man is watering a black horse, 
which is almost in profile to the right. On the right, a second rider on a 
grey, seen from the back in a three-quarter view, is leaving the water j he 
looks round at the third rider, who stands to the left and farther away 
on the steep bank. This third man, on a bay horse, faces three-quarters 
left, and points with his riding-whip in that direction. His dog, in front 
of him, is drinking. In the right distance is a building with an open 
doorway. To the left is a hilly landscape. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 177 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 17^ inches by 2i| inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1831. 
In the collection of Mrs. Cawthorne, London, 1834. (Sm.). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1897, No. 4. 

In the Delbeke collection, Antwerp. 

592. Identical with 534. 

593. HORSEMEN WATERING THEIR HORSES. See 

Sm. 1 60. In the foreground of a landscape is a pool. A young man in a 
brown jacket and red stockings has ridden his grey horse into the water 
to drink. They are almost in profile to the right. Behind them, another 
man on a dark horse, also in profile to the right, leaves the water and rides 
up the steep bank, with his dog in front of him. In the left middle dis- 
tance are three cows near a canal, on which are sailing-boats. A similar 
picture is 600. 

Signed in the left, A. Cuijp ; panel, 23^ inches by 28^ inches. 

Sale. Thomas Emmerson, London, 1832 (^294). 
In the Dugdale collection, Lancashire. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1902, No. 5. 

In the collection of Henri Heugel, Paris. 

594. HORSES WATERING IN THE TOWN DITCH. 

On the left, a bridge is thrown across the water, which a horse is entering. 
Near it are a man bathing and a woman washing clothes. Another 
horse is driven by a groom into the water, out of which a man in a red 
coat and blue breeches, mounted on a grey, has just ridden to the right. On 
the right a groom on a whitish-grey horse holds a bay by the bridle. 
There are children in the foreground and on the bridge ; farther left is 
a woman with two children. In the centre are a man and his wife, four 
children, and an old beggar-man. One dog is on the bridge ; another 
barks at the grey horse. 

Panel, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Porges, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

5940. The Watering -Place. Some horses are being ridden in, 
while others come out. Accessories. 
Panel, 16 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sale. Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 44. 

594^. The Watering- Place. Various horses with their riders. Boys 
swimming, women washing clothes, and other accessories. The catalogue 
says that it was by Cuyp after Ph. Wouwerman. 

Panel, 20 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July n, 1798, No. 23 (101 florins, with No. 24 (605) 
in the sale, Gruyter). 

VOL. II N 



i 7 8 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

594<r. Horses and Figures at a Stream. Buildings. 

A tall, narrow picture. 

Sales, Edward Coxe, London, April 23, 1807. 

594^. Landscape with Horses being watered. 

Panel, io inches by 15 inches. 
Sale. Utrecht, April 22, 1811, No. 62. 

595. Grooms watering Horses. Sm. 163. In the foreground of 
a hilly landscape is a pool in which boys are bathing, while men are water- 
ing or exercising six horses. A man on a grey horse rides out of the 
water. A man leading a roan and another man riding a dark grey are 
on the bank. A man with a boy behind him rides a brown horse. A 
group of persons mounted or on foot, with dogs, are on a hill-top near a 
clump of trees. A cold, rainy day. 

Copper, 1 6 inches by 20 inches. 

Sales. (Probably) J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 

1785, No. 79 (530 florins, Beekman). 
P. N. Quarles van Ufford, Amsterdam, October 19, 1818, No. 8 

(830 florins, Roos). 
Allen Gilmore, London, 1830 (Stanley). 

596. Grooms watering Horses. Sm. 192. In the foreground a 
groom rides a black horse ; a second, on a grey, leaves the water ; the 
third, on a bay, comes from an archway. 

Panel, 15 inches by 12 inches. 

In the collection of the Duke of Grafton, 1834 (Sm.). 

597. Two Horses at the Watering-Place. A grey horse ridden 
by a boy, and a brown horse ridden by a man. In the distance are boats 
on a river. 

In the collection of Sir A. Campbell, Garscube, 1854 (Waagen, iii. 292). 

598. The Watering- Place. Two riders on a grey and a bay. A 
third man is making two horses swim. 

In the collection of Howard Galton, Hadzor House, Droitwich, 1854 
(Waagen, iii. 221). 

599. Grooms watering Horses. Sm. 237. In the foreground is 
a river with an old bridge. A man on a grey horse rides out of the 
water ; another stands on the bank while his horse drinks ; the third, 
mounted on a bay and leading another horse, rides forward. Sm. thought 
it a copy by Cuyp after Wouwerman. 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Engraved by Moitte. . 

Sale Rev. Sir Richard Robinson, London, 1832 ^36 : 155.). 
In the collection of General Phipps, 1834 (Sm.) and 1854 (Waagen, 
ii. 228). 

600. Horses watering. Sm. 160. "Of excellent quality" (Sm.). 
[This corresponds exactly to 593. Compare 60 1.] [Pendant to 340.] 




vii AELBERT CUYP 179 

Canvas, 24 inches by 33 inches. 

In the Van der Potts (Pot) collection, Rotterdam, 1825 ; sold with the 
entire collection (and valued at 7000 florins with its pendant). 

Sale. R. Pott and others, Rotterdam, October n, 1855, No. 9. 

6000. The Ford. A cavalier on a grey horse ; behind him, another 
on a black horse j to the right a third man watering his horse in a river. 
Behind is a dog. 

17^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Starkey, London, May 15, 1897, No. 108. 

6oo. Riders watering their Horses. 

Panel, 18 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Lord Leigh and others, London, March 25, 1899, No. 115. 

601. TWO HORSEMEN RIDING ACROSS A RIVER. 

A cavalier on a bay horse, and his groom on a grey, are riding across a 
river. To the right is a dog ; in the left distance are cows, and boats on 
the water. It is in the style of the pictures in the Louvre, National 
Gallery, and other collections. The picture seems to have been cut down. 
[Possibly identical with 600.] 

Exhibited by the London dealers Forbes and Paterson, spring of 1902, 
No. 13. 

602. AN OPEN-AIR RIDING-SCHOOL. On an open sandy 
place, bounded in the middle distance by a castle on the right, and by a 
low wall with numerous buildings behind it on the left, a group of three 
riders halt by a post, while a fourth man in a red coat gallops his dun-coloured 
horse. A number of men and children look on. On the left, and farther 
back, is another rider whose stirrup is being adjusted by a man ; his com- 
panion is galloping. The catalogue wrongly questions the authenticity of 
this picture. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp ; panel, 17 inches by 
24 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 721). 

In the Mestern collection, Hamburg, 1866. 

In the collection of Dr. August Fischer, Breslau. 

In the Breslau Museum, August Fischer bequest, No. 145. 

603. A RIDING-SCHOOL AT NIGHT. 

In the Cavens collection, Brussels. 

604. A WHITE HORSE IN A RIDING-SCHOOL. In the 

foreground is a white horse ; behind him is his rider. To the right a 
horseman rides forward. Near the back wall are a man, a boy, and a girl. 
A very good picture. 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, 13! inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by R. Cockburn. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 65 (old 
No. 114). 



j8o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

605. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN AIR. Sm. 28.- 
On the right are four horsemen. In front of them is a grey horse with 
a rider in a red coat. On the left a horse is being ridden round. There 
are other figures. In the distance is an old castle near a river, trees, and 
a hill. [Similar in style to 614. Compare 40.] 

Panel, 14^ inches by 19 inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 88 (470 florins, Roos). 
(Probably) Amsterdam, July 1 1, 1798, No. 24 (101 florins, with 

No. 23 (594^), Gruyter). 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 296 (old 
No. 13). 

606. Identical with 537. 

607. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN AIR. In the 

centre a man in brown sits on a grey horse, which rears up with its head to 
the left. A little dog barks at the horse. Behind it, a cavalier in blue 
rides forward on a bright bay. Behind him is a groom on a dark-brown 
horse, with his back to the spectator. On the extreme left, a cavalier in 
red on a bay gallops off. In the centre is a large tree. In the distance to 
the right is a castle with lofty towers. 
Canvas, 17^ inches by 14 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

608. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN A STABLE. In a large interior, 
like a stable, with a window high up to the right on the bare wall at the 
back, a horseman stands on the left behind his grey horse, which is in 
profile to the right. The man turns his head to the right, where, some- 
what farther back, a cavalier rides a dark horse round a pole on the 
extreme right. Between this man and the rider at the back is a cavalier 
standing with a groom beside him to the right. In the foreground are 
three hens. [Possibly identical with 611*7.] 

Panel, 13 inches by 19^ inches. 

In the collection of Counts Andre and Vadim Bloudoff, St. Petersburg. 

609. Two Horsemen and a Groom. In front of a churchyard wall, 
a groom holding a horse stands near a cavalier who is mounting a brown 
horse. Near him is another man on a grey horse which rears up. To 
the right are two spectators ; farther back are a boy teasing a dog and 
other figures. A blue sky with clouds. 

Panel, 17 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. L. B. Coders, Amsterdam, April 8, 1816, No. 15. 

609*7. A Riding-School. One rider is on horseback ; another holds 
his horse by the bridle. In the foreground are two dogs. A pleasant and 
interesting picture. 

Panel, 13^ inches by 2o inches. 

Sale. B. Ocke, Leyden, April 21, 1817, No. 23 (47 florins, Smart). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 181 

610. A Riding-School. With several horses and figures. [Pendant 
to 611.] 

Canvas, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. P. de Heere de Holy, Rotterdam, August 31, 1824, No. 2 (533 florins, 
with pendant, Van der Bleyk). 

611. A Riding-School. With several horses and figures. [Pendant 
to 610.] 

Canvas, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. P. de Heere de Holy, Rotterdam, August 31, 1824, No. 3 (533 florins, 
with pendant, Van der Bleyk). 

6na. A Riding-School. One cavalier stands beside a grey horse ; 
another is mounted on a brown horse. There are also a cavalier and a 
groom ; in the foreground are hens and other accessories. [Possibly identical 
with 608.] 

Sale. De Beehr and Van Leeuwen, Amsterdam, November 14, 1825, 
No. 20 (63 florins, Saft). 

612. A Riding-School (or, Breaking in Horses). Sm. 249. 
A large open space, bounded by trees and partly enclosed by palings, with 
a lofty archway as entrance. Here are five horsemen. One in red rides 
a cream-coloured horse. Another on a roan is trotting round a post. In 
the right foreground are two boys and two dogs. Near the paling are 
children. [Possibly identical with 613^ and 613^.] 

Panel, i6| inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of Peter Norton, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

6i2a. A Riding-School. 

Canvas. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Carolus and Demalines, Antwerp, August 12, 1837, 
No. 84. 

6 1 2b. A Riding-School. A cavalier stands beside his grey horse ; 
farther back is another man mounted. Near them is the trainer with a 
youth. A fine picture. 

Panel, i8| inches by \i\ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 27, 1840, No. 10 (140 florins, Roos). 

6i2c. A Riding-School. In the foreground cavaliers are riding for 
practice. A boy has just wound up his top, and threatens with his whip 
a barking dog. Other children play with dice. In the distance are the 
houses of a town. A manuscript note in the catalogue says that it is 
clumsy. 

Panel, i6| inches by ik\ inches. 

Sale. Paris, March 22, 1845, No. II (400 francs). 

613. A Riding-School. In an open place bounded by a wall several 
horsemen are grouped round a pole. On the right a boy holds a dog in 



1 82 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

leash. Farther away are other horsemen, and children playing bowls. In 
the distance is a house with a little turret. 

Panel, 17 inches by 22| inches. 

Sale. He*ris, Brussels, June 19, 1846, No. 15. 

613*7. A Riding-School. In an open place shut in by trees a number 
of cavaliers on fine horses are riding for practice. Some country folk and 
their children look on admiringly. A piquant effect. [Possibly identical 
with 612. See 613^.] 

Panel, i6 inches by 20 inches. 



A Riding-School. [Possibly identical with 612. See 613.] 
Sale. Burrell, London, June 12, 1897, No. 14. 

614. A RIDING-SCHpOL IN THE OPEN AIR. In a 

garden with high trees, a man in a red coat and brown coat, with riding- 
whip in his right hand, is breaking in a grey horse. There are four other 
horsemen. On the left, behind the grey, is a man in a grey coat and hat 
on a chestnut, seen in profile with head towards the front. A second man 
on a black horse has his back to the spectator. A third man in grey, with 
his head to the front, rides a chestnut. A fourth man, in brown with a 
black hat, comes riding on a bay horse through an archway at the back. 
Grooms, men-servants, peasants, and boys look on ; in the right foreground 
is a barking spaniel. The picture is similar in style to the Guttman 
"Horse Fair" (40) and to the Dulwich picture (605). 
Signed ; panel, i6 inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Descamps (ii. 80). 

In the collection of J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, and in 
that of Swelling, Brussels, 1859 (according to Kums sale catalogue). 
In the collection J. A. Tardieu, Paris, 1867. 
In the collection of Francis Petit, Paris. 
Sale. Kums, Antwerp, May 17, 1898, No. 98 (17,000 francs, Le Roy). 

615. STARTING FOR THE HUNT. In the foreground to 
the right is a mounted cavalier, with a sword. Near him are two dogs 
and a shepherd with sheep. In the middle distance are two other riders j 
to the left is a church, and to the right, in the distance, is a hill. Early 
morning. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 46 J inches by 66 inches. 

Probably identical with the picture described by Waagen (iii. 309) as a sort 
of riding-school. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1883, No. 238, 
by Lord Hopetoun. 

In the collection of the Marquess of Linlithgow, Hopetoun House, Scotland. 

616. A CAVALIER RIDING TO THE HUNT. Sm. 174. 
A cavalier in a red coat is mounted on a dappled-grey horse, facing left in 
profile and turning the head to the front. In front of him to the left 
stands a huntsman in brown, seen from the back in a three-quarter view j 
he leans on his stick and speaks to the man on the grey. Near him are 



vii AELBERT CUYP ^3 

two hunting dogs. In the right distance a cavalier on a dark horse gallops 
forward from a wood. 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, n inches by 15^ inches. 

In the Yates collection, London, and for sale, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1897, No. 2. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

In the collection of the late C. T. Yerkes, New York. 

617. A CAVALIER AND HIS TWO SONS STARTING 
FOR THE HUNT. Sm. 150. In the right foreground, in front of 
rising round dotted with trees, a cavalier in purple sits on a dappled-grey 
horse, facing left. He holds the reins in his left hand, and points with his 
riding-whip to the left. He turns his head, as if giving an order, to a 
gamekeeper who stands on the right, in profile to the left, holding two 
greyhounds in leash. In front of the cavalier, one of his sons, in blue, sits 
in profile to the left on a dark-bay pony. The other son, in a scarlet coat, 
sits on a black horse farther left, and almost faces the spectator. In the 
left middle distance of a flat landscape, huntsmen one mounted, the other 
on foot are coursing a hare with dogs. In the centre of the distance is a 
castle. A fine summer morning. The landscape resembles the neighbour- 
hood of Hoch and Nieder Elten on the Rhine. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 43 inches by 6i inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 289). 

Sales. L. Lapeyriere, Paris, April 19, 1829 (17,950 francs). 

Thomas Emmerson, London, 1829 (1102 : ios.). 
In the collection of Richard Sanderson, M.P., London, 1834 (Sm.). 
Sales. Richard Sanderson, London, June 17, 1848 (556 : ios., Norton). 

Lyne Stephens, London, May II, 1895, No. 331 (2100). 
Purchased from Delahante, London, by Sedelmeyer. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1895, No. 3. 

In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

618. A CAVALIER AND A LADY STARTING FOR 
THE HUNT. Sm. 177, and Suppl. 48. On the right, in a broad 
landscape, a cavalier and a lady are riding forward. The man wears dark 
clothes, high riding- boots, and a full-bottomed wig, with no hat ; he 
is mounted on a brown horse and holds a riding-whip in his right hand. 
The lady, to the left of him, is on a white horse, with a richly-decorated 
saddle. She wears a blue silk dress with full slashed sleeves, and a cap with 
blue and white plumes. Both face the spectator. In the left foreground, 
near bushes, are two hunting dogs. In the middle distance a huntsman on 
foot, with a spear over his right shoulder, follows them, holding two grey- 
hounds in leash. Behind him to the left is a slender tree ; farther back are 
two horsemen. In the distance to the left is a large castle, beyond a river. 
A fine summer morning. " A splendid work " (Sm.). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 47 inches by 66 inches. 
A copy is in the Dresden Gallery, 1905 catalogue, No. 1783 (Cf. Reper- 
toriura, xvii. 331). 



!8 4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sales. Thomas Emmerson, London, June 1832 (Arteria for E. Higginson). 
Edmund Higginson of Saltmarsh Castle, London, 1860 (577 : ios., 

Nieuwenhuys). 
Adrian Hope, London, June 30, 1894, No. 22 (2100, C. Wert- 

heimer). 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 9. 

In the collection of P. A. B. Widener, Philadelphia. 

619. Cavaliers starting for the Hunt Sm. 44. A hilly landscape. 
Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Julliot, Paris, 1793 (3800 francs). 

619*. Starting for the Hunt. In front of a high hill, at daybreak, 
is a huntsman on a grey horse surrounded by his dogs. Two grooms 
release other dogs and prepare to start. By Cuyp or Kalraat. 

Canvas, ri| inches by 16^ inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. A. 18. 

6i9/>. Two Huntsmen on Horseback. With two dogs. A chapel. 
Panel, 18 inches by 16 inches, or the reverse. 
Sale. Amsterdam, July 31, 1820, No. 29. 

619^. Starting for the Hunt Two mounted cavaliers with some 
greyhounds are starting for the hunt. Cattle are standing up or lying 
down. A girl milks a cow. 

Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 3, 1827, No. 13 (92 florins, Meyer). 

620. A Cavalier starting for the Hunt In the foreground of a 
hilly landscape stands a cavalier with a grey saddle-horse and four hunting 
dogs. Near them lie two sheep and a goat, with other figures and cattle. 
Very light in tone. A MS. note in the catalogue says, " de Man en paard 
Landschap niet " (" the man and horse landscape not " by Cuyp ?). 

Canvas, 38 inches by 62 inches. 

Sales. Baronesse de Pagniet, Utrecht, July 26, 1836, No. 5 (mo florins, 
Knibbe for Brondgeest). 

621. Starting for the Hunt Sm. 230, and Suppl. 34. Near the 
outer wall of an old castle, partly hidden by trees, a party of men, with 
attendants and dogs, are starting for the hunt. One well-dressed cavalier 
sits on a prancing grey. Two other horsemen are conversing. A chest- 
nut horse is held by a boy ; another boy strokes a dog. "Painted in the 
artist's early or Wouwerman manner " (Sm.). [Compare 624.] 

Panel, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. Dr. Ralph Fletcher of Gloucester, London, June 9, 1838 (45 : 35.). 

621*. Starting for the Hunt In the foreground of a fine landscape 
are two mounted cavaliers and three huntsmen with hounds. Light and 
warm in tone. 

Panel, 29 inches by 41 inches. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 185 

Sale. Widow of P. J. van Oosthuijse van Rijsenburg, nee M. de Jongh, 
The Hague, October 18, 1847, No. 75. 

621 b. Cavaliers starting for the Hunt. One sits on a grey horse. 
A groom in green holds his stirrup. Behind him is another cavalier on 
foot. To the left are two dogs, and a shepherd with sheep. 

Canvas, 47 inches by 57 inches. 

Sale. Lord Tweedmouth, London, June 3, 1905, No. 4. 

62 if. Coursing Hares. With greyhounds. In the foreground are 
shepherds and shepherdesses ; in the background are sheep and cattle. 
Panel, 24 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. G. C. Blanken, The Hague, June 4, 1800, No. 7 (53 florins, 
A. Kuypers). 

622. Coursing Hares. A man on a grey horse follows a greyhound 
which runs at full speed after a hare and is about to seize it. On the left 
are a frightened mule and some sheep ; to the right a woman spinning and 
two men, one of whom holds a dog. 

Panel, 24 inches by 28^ inches. 

Sale. Lemaitre, Paris, March 5, 1874, No. 8. 

622*. Falconer and Horseman. In a landscape with a village near 
the coast. 

Sale. E. from Liverpool, London, 1829 (^215 : 55., Eckford). 

622^. A Hawking Party. At one side is a prince with attendants 
on horseback. 

Panel, 32^ inches by 46^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 3, 1831, No. 19 (3 florins 5, Van den Berg). 

622*:. A Hawking Party. A group of cavaliers and ladies, some 
mounted, some seated on the grass. A falconer with hawk on wrist, and 
dogs. Two men on the top of a hill. Farther away, a valley bordered 
with trees, and water. Pink sky. 

Signed and dated 1660 ; canvas, 31 1 inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. L. Casterman and others, Antwerp, July 19, 1859, No. 42. 

623. A HAWKING PARTY. 

29 inches by 39! inches. 

Sale. London, May 13, 1893, No. 24. 

623*. A Falconer and his Wife. With hawks, a dog, and a dead 
bittern. 

Canvas, 60 inches by 56 inches. 

Sale. J. G. Menzies and others, London, February 25, 1905, No. 76. 

623^. A Sportsman with a Fowling-Piece. Lying in wait for 
wild birds. 

In the collection of H. D. Seymour, Knoyle House, Hindon, 1857 
(Waagen, Suppl. 385). 



1 86 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

624. FOUR CAVALIERS HUNTING. Four cavaliers ride to 
the left, in the foreground of a hilly landscape. A dog barks at the centre 
rider whose grey horse rears up. The middle distance is overshadowed 
by a large tree. The sky has the pink light of morning, reflected on 
the horsemen. In the distance to the right is a ruin. [Compare 621.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 17 inches by 
13! inches. 

Sale, (Probably) W. R. Williams and others, London, November 28, 1903, 
No. 63 (17 : 175., M. Colnaghi). 

In the collection of William Asch, London. 

624^. A Sportsman with Dogs. In a hilly landscape with trees and 
buildings. Light in tone. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 20 \ inches. 

Sales. J. Pompe van Meerdervoort, Soeterwoude, May 19, 1780, No. 59 
(15 florins 15, Bertels). 

624^. A Prince of Orange (?) hunting. 

Sale. Walsh Porter, London, 1803 (145, Pole). 

624^-. Sportsmen. In the foreground of a landscape with high hills 
are sportsmen with many dogs. In the hills, others on foot and on horseback 
are returning from the hunt. Warm in tone. 

Canvas, 31 inches by 41 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 7, 1804, No. 34 (9 florins). 

624^. A Hunting Party. Three men on foot with a huntsman and 
dogs. In the middle distance are a horseman and a huntsman coursing 
with dogs. 

Canvas, 45^ inches by 54 inches. 

Sale. Macalester Loup, The Hague, August 20, 1806, No. 94 (695 florins). 

624*. Huntsmen in Pursuit of their Game. Sm. 107. An open 
hilly landscape, with water, trees, a village and a fortress, and distant hills. 
A herd of cows and some sheep tended by three peasants. Several hunts- 
men, one of whom, on a white horse, is galloping. Brambles and wild 
plants are reflected in a clear stream in the foreground. 

Canvas, 42 inches by 57 inches. 

Sale. Pierre de Grand- Pre, Paris, February 16, 1809 (4750 francs). 

624/1 A Hunting Party. Cavaliers and ladies under some trees. 
Two horses and a boy with hunting dogs. 
Panel, 34 inches by 36^ inches. 

Sales. (Possibly) Amsterdam, November 2, 1829, No. 25 (15 florins 10, 

Campen). 

Willmet and others, Amsterdam, January 25, 1836, No. 53 
(20 florins, Esser). 

624^. A Hunting Party. In a flat landscape. 
Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 24^ inches by 34 inches. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 187 

Sale. W. G. van Klinkenberg and others, Amsterdam, March 6, 1843, 
No. 65 (10 florins 75, De Rooy). 

624^. Sportsmen with their Dogs. In a forest track. 
Signed and dated 1670 ; panel, 35^ inches by 35^ inches. 

Sale. Baron de Hirsch, London, February 2, 1897, No. 29. 

624*'. A Hunting Party. Near a castle. 
Panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Sales. Hirst and others, London, March 31, 1900, No. 94. 

John Dell and others, London, April 23, 1900, No. 65. 

6247. A Sportsman on a River-Bank. 

Panel, II inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. London, February 24, 1902, No. 51. 

625. Huntsmen Resting. A hilly landscape. A huntsman on a 
grey horse in the foreground ; other huntsmen with dogs near a spring. 

26 inches by 37 inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, April 22, 1811, No. 187. 

6250. A Sportsman resting on a Bank. He looks over a wide 
landscape, and holds a hare suspended from a stick. Near him are three 
fine greyhounds. 

Panel, n^ inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. C. 27. 

625^. Two Cavaliers on Horseback conversing. Farther back a 
sportsman with a dog is resting. In the distance are two anglers. 
Beyond them are hills. Sunny in tone. 

Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 15, 1825, No. 115 (40 florins). 

625^. A Hunting Party halting. In a landscape. 
Signed, CUYP ; panel. 

Sale. A. J. Petit, Malines, July 5, 1826, No. 137. 

625^. A Sportsman resting. In a rocky landscape. His dogs are 
beside him. His saddle-horse is fastened by the reins to a post. In the 
background is a horse at a feeding-trough. Warm in tone. 

Canvas, 27 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 44. 

626. A Sportsman resting. Sm. Suppl. 36. At the edge of a 
wood a young sportsman sits on a shady bank and looks at the game he 
has shot. His game-bag is in his hand. He wears a black cap, a grey 
coat, red breeches, and laced boots. Beside him, to the right, stands his 
gamekeeper, who holds up a dead bird. On the ground lie other birds 
with a fowling-piece and horn. In the right foreground lies a large poodle. 
In the right background, through the trees, a sportsman is seen firing. 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, 28^ inches by 23^ inches. 



!88 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosit^ ii. 443. 

In the Lebrun collection. 

Sale. Heris (Eire collection), Paris, March 25, 1841, No. 27 (1920 francs). 

627. Three Huntsmen halting. 801.155. In the foreground, near 
trees, three huntsmen are resting. One has dismounted and stands beside 
his dappled -grey horse, which has a velvet saddle with gilt housings. 
Close to this is a black horse held by a negro, with three dogs. A second 
rider sits on a bay horse, while the third, in a red jacket, sits in the fore- 
ground pulling up his boots. A greyhound drinks at a pool on one side 
of the foreground ; beyond it is seen a castle. A fine summer morning. 
" A superlative picture " (Sm.). 

Canvas, 38 inches by 52 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Trlsors a" Art en Angleterre, 270. 
Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 714 as "A Prince of Orange starting 
for the chase." 

Sales. London, 1813 (262 : ios.). 

Mortimer, London, 1829 (462, bought in). 
Purchased by O'Niel, 1830 (682 : ios.). 
In the collection of Edward Lloyd, Manchester, 1834 (Sm.) and 1857. 

6270. Five Sportsmen. With many dogs and two horses, resting 
at sunset near a ruin. 

Panel, 31^ inches by 40^ inches. 

In the Weyer collection, Cologne, 1863 (Parthey, i. 720). 

627^. A Sportsman resting. He sits with his dogs near an old tree- 
trunk. A groom holds his horse by the reins. A broad landscape with a 
river. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 25, 1869, No. 15. 

627*:. A Hunting Party. Halting near a spring. 
Signed. 

Sale. Walter R. Farquhar, London, June 2, 1890, No. 100. 
Possibly identical with a work of Ludolf de Jongh measuring 36 inches by 
49 inches and signed A. Cuyp which is in the hands of an American dealer. 

628. Four Sportsmen on the River. On a bank on the left fore- 
ground, where three fishing-boats are drawn up on shore, are a peasant 
woman and four sportsmen, one of whom sits on the end of a plank. 
They are waiting for a. boatman who is bringing two cavaliers in his boat. 
In the right background, on the bank of a river alive with vessels, is a town 
illumined by sunlight breaking through clouds. The foreground is in 
shadow. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 17^ inches by 
29! inches. 

Sale. H. de Kat, Paris, May 2, 1 866, No. 1 7 (4000 francs). 

629. FISHING- BOATS ON A LAKE. Between high cliffs. 
Blue sky with clouds. [Pendant to 630.] 



vii AELBERT CUYP 189 

Panel, 5 inches by 4 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 159). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, No. 1 23, 
and 1903, No. 77. 

Sales. C. Groeninx van Zoelen and others, Rotterdam, June 25, 1800, 

No. 17. 
(Probably) Widow of Joh. Ph. de Monte, Rotterdam, July 4, 1825, 

No. 209 (24 florins, with pendant, Lamme). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood, in and since 
1884. 

630. FISHING- BOATS ON A CALM SEA. Blue sky with 
clouds. [Pendant to 629.] 

Panel, 5 inches by 4 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 159). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, 
No. 124, and 1903, No. 78. 

Sales. C. Groeninx van Zoelen and others, Rotterdam, June 25, 1800, 

No. 17. 
(Probably) Widow of Joh. Ph. de Monte, Rotterdam, July 4, 1825, 

No. 209 (24 florins, with pendant, Lamme). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood, in and since 
1884. 

631. SHIPS ON THE MAAS. Sm. 193, and Suppl. 29. To the 
left lies the town of Dordrecht. In front, along the quay and in the river, 
lie many vessels. A large two-masted ship has its bow towards the spectator. 
On the right are three men on a raft of timber ; five men in a small boat 
are in the foreground. The distant shore is lined with trees. Similar in 
composition to the Holford picture (164). [Compare 274.] A "very 
splendid picture" (Sm.). 

Canvas, 43 inches by 52^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 160). 
Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1839. 
Purchased from a private collection, Brussels, 1829, by Nieuwenhuys. 
In the collection of Edward Gray, Harringay House, London, 1834; sold 
by his executors, through Buchanan, to the Marquess of Lansdowne, 1839 



In the collection of the Marquess of Lansdowne, Bowood. 

632. A River Landscape. The estuary of a broad river, with 
fishing-boats in front, in the middle distance and at the bank. It has a 
delicate golden tone. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, but not very clearly ; panel, 
12 inches by 14 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel ; acquired in the spring of 1905. 

633. SHIPS ON A RIVER. In the foreground, on the river, is 
a large sailing-ship with numerous passengers. It carries a Dutch flag, 
and a red flag with a white bird (a swan ?). Other smaller vessels are in 
the distance. At the left is a landing-place, with ducks. Very sunny. 



190 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



Signed on the rudder, A. Cuyp ; panel, 24 inches by 30 inches. 
A clever copy was in the Dutch Exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, 
London, 1904, No. 332, lent by H. Pfungst. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 279). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1890, No. 80. 
In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Castle Howard. 

634. VIEW OF DORDRECHT. From the northern bank of 
the Maas. The river, alive with ships, fills the middle distance and back- 
ground. In the centre a sailing-boat moves forward slowly j to the right 
is the town with its church. In the foreground to the left, on a little 
tongue of land, are two men, one standing up, the other seated ; both 
have their backs to the spectator. It is the best of the master's early 
works. It was formerly attributed to Van Goyen. It is enamel-like in 
colouring, and very light in tone. 

Panel, 20 inches by 34 inches. 

Purchased in London, 1892, at the sale of an anonymous collector. 

In the collection of the late Alfred Thieme, Leipzig, Von Bode's catalogue, 

No. 17. 

635. THE FERRY BY THE RIVERSIDE. A party are 
waiting for the ferry-boat to take them to the town opposite. An early 
work. 

Signed in the water, A. cuyp ; panel, 17 inches by 28 J inches. 

Exhibited at Leipzig, 1889, No. 44. 

In the collection of the late Alfred Thieme, Leipzig. 

636. The Maas at Dordrecht in a Storm. The town is on the 
right. In the foreground is a coaster ; its large sail is reefed. Two other 
ships are on the left, and a rowing-boat is near the bank on the right. A 
stormy sky. 

Signed in full on the right ; panel, 19 inches by 29 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1887, No. 50, 
by W. C. Alexander. 

In the collection of W. C. Alexander, London. 

637. THE FERRY-BOAT. Sm. 247. At the landing-place on 
the left is the ferry-boat, broadside on ; it fills most of the picture. Its 
main-sail hangs loosely on deck. Among the numerous passengers are 
four or five persons of distinction, and a drummer. A boat laden with 
passengers is in the wake of the ferry-boat ; beyond is a coaster coming 
up in full sail. The river is alive with shipping. A bright evening after 
showers. 

Panel, 49 inches by 57 inches. 
Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 20). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1819, 1826, 1827. 
In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, No. 140 ; it was in the Royal 
collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

638. A RIVER LANDSCAPE. Two boats in the foreground i 
in one of them are two men. On the right is the wooded bank, with a 



vii AELBERT CUYP 191 

house. In the distance are windmills. Blue sky with clouds. An early 
work. 

Signed A. Cuyp ; panel, 14 inches by 21 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, 
No. 82. 

In the collection of George Salting, London. 

639. RIVER SCENE WITH SHIPPING. Sm. 25 and 

175. In the right foreground a boat with a large sail is going away. 
It has on board about eleven persons ; the water is thrown up at the bows. 
In the middle distance, to the left, is a large three-masted vessel with sails 
reefed, seen almost end on. Near it a boat, the sail of which is being 
hoisted, is going across the picture to the left ; it is partly hidden by a 
boat in the left foreground with two rowers and three passengers. In the 
distance are other vessels. To the right, in the middle distance, are the 
church and houses of Dordrecht. The water is disturbed j gleams of 
sunshine break through the clouds. 
Canvas, 38 inches by 58^ inches. 

In the Slingeland collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 

Sale, J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 84 (1300 florins, Fouquet). 

In the Nagell van Ampsen collection, The Hague, 1827 (worth ^630 Sm.). 
Sales. A. W. C. Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5, 

1851, No, 9 (9000 florins, Etienne le Roy). 
Th. Patureau, Paris, April 20, 1857, No. 5. 
In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 
In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 49. 

640. RIVER SCENE WITH SHIPPING AND FIGURES. 

Sm. 24 and Suppl. 10. On the right is seen part of a jetty of piles, 
on which a man and a woman are standing. A rowing-boat carrying 
nine persons has just put off. A larger boat with a brown sail lies 
alongside. In the centre, a ferry-boat approaches the opposite bank of 
the river, where people await its arrival. Other sailing-boats are seen in 
the distance. The sunlight breaks through grey clouds. "A most 
beautiful work of the master " (Sm.). 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 27^ inches by 35 inches. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Tresors d" 1 Art en Angleterrc, 271. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1837 '> at Manchester, 1857, 
No. 721, by Leicester ; and at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 
1872, No. 147, and 1895, No. 58. 

In the Slingeland collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 85 (850 florins, Beekman). 

In the collection of Sir Robert Price, Bart., 1837 (Sm.). 

Sales. Sir Robert Price, London, 1854 (.510, Rutley). 

The Rev. F. Leicester, London, 1860 (^850 : IDS., Morrison). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 54. 

641. SHIPS ON THE MAAS AT DORDRECHT. Sm. 171. 



i 9 2 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

A row of vessels are lying at anchor under the walls of Dordrecht. In 
the foreground is a rowing-boat carrying seven persons. Warm evening 
light. " This simple scene, by the magical diffusion of light and heat, 
together with a skilful arrangement of colour, possesses a charm which 
rivets the attention and admiration of every beholder " (Sm.). [Possibly 
identical with 653^.] 

Signed, A. C. ; canvas, 18 inches by 26 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 167). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, 
No. 66, and 1895, No. 57. 

In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, London, 1888 catalogue, 
No. 32 ; it was there in 1834 (Sm.). 

642. THE MAAS IN A STORM. Dark clouds with flashes of 
lightning. In the distance is the Huis te Merwede. 

In the collection of the Earl of Radnor, Longford Castle, 1898 catalogue, 
No. 9 ; purchased in 1814. 

643. SHIPS IN A STORM AT SEA. Three sailing-vessels 
are labouring in a storm. To the left is a small boat with three rowers. 
Farther back, to the right, is a house on piles, near which are seen the 
masts of other vessels. Flashes of lightning illumine the sky. 

Canvas, 43 inches by 59 inches. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2345 (old No. 109). 

644. A RIVER LANDSCAPE WITH SHIPPING. Sm. 

Suppl. 6. In the foreground a large sailing-boat with four men on board 
is making towards a village with a windmill, seen in the distance to the 
left. Another vessel sails in the same direction. In the distance to the 
right are two other boats under sail. The flat river-bank is seen on the 
horizon. The water is much agitated. There are fine dark rain-clouds 
in the sky. [Compare 645.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; panel, 16 inches 
by 28^ inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1102; it 
was there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 315). 

645. A RIVER LANDSCAPE WITH SHIPPING. Sm. 

Suppl. 2. A grey sky ; the water much agitated. A vessel with three 
men on board is sailing towards a town lying on the distant bank. In 
the distance to the left are three other sailing-vessels. Similar in style to 
644, but not so warm in tone ; the vessel in the foreground is the same 
in each case. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 22 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1103 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 210). 

646. A FERRY-BOAT ON A RIVER. Sm. 228. A river, 
with a village on the opposite bank. On the water are a ferry-boat and 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



193 




a small boat with men in it. Five persons stand on the bank. A good 
picture. 

Signed on the boat's rudder, A. C. ; canvas, about 36 inches by 66 
inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 42). 

In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth, No. 207 ; it was there, in 
the Earl of Egremont's collection, 1834 (Sm.). 

647. LANDSCAPE WITH SHIPPING. [Probably identical 
with 659*.] 

In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

648. RIVER LANDSCAPE. On a calm Dutch river is a boat 
with a large sail. To the right, behind it and partly hidden, are two 
other boats ; another is seen in the distance to the left. In the distance 
to the right is a windmill. A great expanse of sky, finely lighted. 

In the gallery of Prince Liechtenstein, Vienna ; recently acquired. 

6480. A Calm River with Shipping. A view of a town beside 
a river. Morning. 

38 inches by 55 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, January 24, 1763, No. 6 (85 florins, Fouquet). 

648^. View on the Maas. On the still river are vessels. To the 
right is Dordrecht, to the left a village with trees. Very light. 
Panel, 19 inches by 40^ inches. 

Sale. J. van der Marck, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, No. 47 (205 
florins, Fouquet). 

649. View on the Maas. Sm. I. To the right is Dordrecht. 
On the opposite bank are buildings. In the middle of the stream, near 
the front, is a sailing- boat ; other vessels are visible in the distance. 

Panel, 19 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Paris, 1774 ( 1 S francs). 

649^7. A River Landscape. With little sailing-boats and figures. 
Panel, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. H. A. Wttewael, Utrecht, March 30, 1775, No. 43 (42 florins). 

649^. A Sea Piece, with a Rainbow. 

ii inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Antwerp, July 5, 1784, No. 117 (22 florins, Peeters). 

650. A Sea Piece ; a Storm coming on. Sm. 14. In the fore- 
ground a large vessel is sailing close to the wind. Farther away are 
another vessel taking in sail, and a rowing-boat. The restless waves are 
finely rendered. [Pendant to 719.] 

Canvas, 42 inches by 58 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 73 (712 florins, Fouquet). 
VOL. II O 



I94 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

6500. A River. With sailing-vessels and other boats. A town in 
the distance. 

Panel, 13! inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 90 (59 florins, Wubbels). 

650^. A River Landscape. On the placid stream is a rowing 
boat ; along the embankment lie three vessels. 
Panel, 17^ inches by 20 J inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 91 (97 florins, Beekman). 

650^. A Village and a Mill beside a River. A few sailing- 
boats on the stream. 

Panel, 7 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 92 (40 florins, Coders). 

651. A Seaport, with Buildings. Sm. 37. In the foreground are 
several men on horseback or on foot. A dog runs at full speed. 

Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 104 (146 florins, Roos). 

651*7. A Ferry-Boat. On a placid stream is a ferry-boat, in which 
peasants with two oxen are crossing from one village to another. 
Panel, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 5, 1785, No. 28 (3 florins, Fouquet). 

652. The Maas, with Dordrecht in the Distance. Sm. 2. 

In the foreground is a boat filled with passengers. [See 659^.] 
Panel, 14! inches by 22 inches. 
Sales. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (900 francs). 

Chevalier de Clene (Clesne ?), Paris, 1787 (1410 francs). 

Castlemore, Paris, December 20, 1791 (1300 francs). 

652*. View on the Maas, with Shipping. Sm. 263. 

Sale. Sir Joshua Reynolds, London, March 13, 1794 (^58 : i6s.). 

6$2b. View on the Maas. With sailing-vessels and other boats. 
Dordrecht in the distance. 

Panel, 35 inches by 58 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 16, 1797, No. 48 (10 
florins). 

652 c. A Storm. 

Sale. Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 1 8 (/1 3 : 135.). 

6520:. Sea Piece with Ships. 

Panel, 23! inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. L. H. de Haze Bomme, Middelburg, December 15, 1803, No. 40. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 195 

652^. Shipping on the Maas in a Storm. Dordrecht in the 
distance. 

Canvas, 36 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 7, 1804, No. 33 (14 florins). 

653. View of a Town on a River. Sm. 101. Flushing, accord- 
ing to Sm. Vessels and boats are on the river. Sunset. 

Panel, 17 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Van Leyden, Paris, September 10, 1804 (4000 francs, Paillet). 

653*7. Sea Piece ; a Gale. Sailing-vessels and fishing-boats. A 
cloudy sky, with gleams of sunlight. 
Canvas, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, August 8, 1804, No. 41 (4 florins 10, Gruyter). 
J. E. Grave and others, Amsterdam, May 5, 1806, No. 33. 

653^. View on the Maas. Near Dordrecht. With sailing-vessels 
and ships at anchor. In the foreground is a sloop with passengers. 
[Possibly identical with 641.] 

Panel, 18 inches by 25 J inches. 

Sale. Macalester Loup, The Hague, August 20, 1806, No. 64 (39 
florins 15). 

654. View on the Maas. Sm. Suppl. 46. On the right is Dor- 
drecht. Near the quay, and close to the church tower, are two boats, 
the nearer containing five persons, the other containing four. Beyond 
is a coasting-vessel with main-sail hoisted. On the opposite side a 
merchantman with sails furled rides at anchor ; her dark hull contrasts 
finely with the glittering surface of the river. In the distance are many 
small craft. 

Canvas, 29 inches by 43 inches. 

Sale. S. Hammersley, London, 1806 (588, Nieuwenhuys). 

6540. A Rough Sea. With sailing-vessels and ships at anchor, 
fishing-boats and small boats. An effect of light. 

Sale. Haarlem, September 23, 1811, No. II. 

654/>. A River Landscape. A bridge crosses the stream. In the 
foreground some men are fishing. In the distance are buildings. By 
Cuyp or in his manner. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 13! inches. 

Sale. Luchtmans, Rotterdam, April 20, 1816, No. 32 (51 florins 50). 

654^. View on the Maas. A view from the river in front of Dor- 
drecht to the ferry at Zwijndrecht. There are large and small vessels on 
the river. [Possibly identical with 657.] 

Panel, 2o inches by 42 inches. 

Sale. P. van der Santheuvel and J. van Stry, Dordrecht, April 24, 1816, 
No. 9. 



SECT. 



196 AELBERT CUYP 

655. A River Landscape. Sm. 137. Several vessels are in the 
stream. One, under full sail, carries many passengers and sailors. Seven 
persons stand in a group in the foreground. At one side is a cottage. 

Panel, 14 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Lapeyriere, Paris, April 14, 1817 (1765 francs). 

656. A Sea Piece. On a calm sea two merchant-vessels carrying 
soldiers are coming near. In the distance are other sailing-vessels and a 
village. 

Panel, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. B. Ocke, Leyden, April 21, 1817, No. 24 (186 florins, Smart). 

6560. Village beside a River. On the placid stream are several 
boats with figures. 

Panel, 19 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 75 (100 florins, Woodburn). 

656^. A River Landscape. A river alive with shipping ; a village 
on the bank. 

Panel, 16 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 87 (32 florins, La Coste). 

656*:. A River Landscape in a Storm. Several boats and figures. 
Panel, 2o| inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 134 (53 florins, Woodburn). 

656^. The Rotterdam Ferry- Boat Off Rotterdam, crowded 
with passengers. 

Panel, 25 inches by 43 inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September I, 1817, No. 241. 

65 6*. A River- Bank with Figures. 
Panel, 9^ inches by I2| inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September i, 1817, No. 343. 

656/1 A Sea Piece. On a calm sea a frigate sails majestically, 
escorted by three smaller vessels. In the foreground is a raft ; to the left 
is a merchant-vessel. 

Canvas, 22 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) De Burtin, Brussels, July 21, 1819, No. 3. 

656^. View on the Maas. With Dordrecht. 
Canvas, 28 inches by 39 inches. 

Sale. A. J. Brandt and D. Kerkhoff, Amsterdam, October 29, 1821, No. 64 
(25 florins, Brondgeest). 

656A. A River Landscape. On the bank are high trees and 
buildings. On the water are vessels. 
Panel, 22 inches by 34 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 54 (5 florins 15, Van den Berg). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 197 

657. View on the Maas. Sm. 96. A view near the village of 
Zwijndrecht. Three boats full of passengers appear to have just put off 
from the village. On the opposite side are a coaster under full sail and 
two small vessels ; other boats are also to be seen. " The warmth of a 
fine evening gives a charm to the scene, which is otherwise too formal in 
its lines to be agreeable to the eye" (Sm.). [Possibly identical with 

654*] 

Panel, 25 inches by 42 inches. 

Sales. Thompson Martin, London, 1830 (84, bought in). 
Thompson Martin, London, 1831 ($2 : IDS.). 
London, 1832 (49 : 7s.). 

657*7. A River Landscape. With shipping and other rich acces- 
sories. 

Sale. Rotterdam, September 15, 1834, No. 53. 

658. View on the Rhine. Sm. 89. High rocky hills fill the right 
side. Near the shore on the left are two boats, the nearer containing five 
persons, the other holding three. Beyond are several small sailing-boats. 
A fine summer evening. 

Panel, n inches by 14^ inches. 

Engraved by Major while in the Schaub collection. 

In the collection of Sir Luke Schaub, Bart., sold by auction in 1769. 

In the collection of the Earl of Ashburnham, 1834 (Sm.). 

659. A River Landscape with Fishing- Boats. Sm. 255. A 
number of fishing-boats are moored close inshore on the right. Near 
them a rowing-boat with eight men is crossing the stream. The river 
has a low bank ; in the distance are four small vessels. 

Panel, 17! inches by 21 inches. 

In the collection of Edward Lloyd, Manchester, 1834 (Sm.). 

6590. A River Landscape. In the foreground are a woman resting, 
a sportsman, and two men fishing. 

Signed, A. CUYP ; i8 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Jelgerhuis and Saportas, Amsterdam, December 12, 1836, No. 89. 

659^. A Ferry-Boat. On a river with shipping. 
Signed ; panel, 30 inches by 46 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Topfer, Amsterdam, November 16, 1891, No. 19 (29 florins 75, 
Schmidt). 

659*:. River with Shipping. 

Canvas, 23^ inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Baron Pabst van Bingerden, The Hague, September 7, 1842, No. 12 
(6 florins). 

659^. A Placid River. With ships under sail or at anchor. On 
one side is a dyke with workmen and anglers. Sunlight. 
Panel, 12 inches by 25 inches. 
Sales. Amsterdam, April 17, 1809, No. 20. 

(Possibly) B. Mallinus, Brussels, September 22, 1842, No. 6. 



198 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

659*. A Ferry- Boat. Sm. 201. On a river, a ferry-boat, with 
main and jib sails set, is sailing forward. On the other side, and farther 
back, is part of a walled town ; in the distance are small vessels. A fine 
summer afternoon. "This is an example of the greatest beauty and 
perfection " (Sm.). [Probably identical with 647. Sm. refers to 652.] 

Panel, 18 inches by 22 inches. 

In the collection of Jeremiah Harman, 1834. 

Sale. Jeremiah Harman, London, May 17, 1844 (1060, Rothschild). 

6597: A River Landscape ; a Storm coming on. A broad canal 
near the sea ; a Dutch town lies on the distant shore. Several vessels 
with large sails are crossing the water, which swirls and foams under the 
influence of an approaching storm. 

Canvas, 32^ inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. Freiherr C. von Mergenbaum, Frankfort-on-Main, July 13, 1846, 
No. 313. 

660. A Ferry-Boat on the Maas. On the placid stream are many 
boats. In the foreground is a ferry-boat carrying a waggon with three 
horses and many persons. In the distance is Dordrecht. Warm in tone. 

Panel, 28 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. E. J. de la Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, 
No. 25 (480 florins, Sala). 

6600. A River Landscape. In the foreground are a vessel at anchor 
and another under sail. Nearer the front is a boat holding six persons. 
In the middle distance is part of Dordrecht. 

Panel, 15 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. E. J. de la Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, 
No. 33 (30 florins, Sala). 

661. A River Landscape with a Ferry-Boat. [Pendant to 513.] 

Sale. Casimir Perier, London, May 5, 1848 (178 : ios.). 

66 1 a. A Sea Piece. On a placid river are many vessels. In the 
foreground are two fishing-boats with many persons on board. To the 
left are figures on a dyke, from which a sloop is putting off. In the 
distance are trees and bushes. 

Panel, 18 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Van Saceghem of Ghent, Brussels, June 2, 1851, No. 17 (640 francs, 
Tardieu). 

662. A River Landscape. On the right is a town ; on the left is 
a landing-place, where persons stand conversing. Sailing-vessels, and a. 
boat with three people in it, are on the water. 

Panel, 17 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 10, 1853, No. 1 6 (533 florins, Lamme). 

663. The Maas at Dordrecht Morning. Several vessels in the 
stream. To the left is a boat with men. 

In the Tomline collection, Orwell Park, 1854 (Waagen, iii. 441). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 199 

663^7. Going Home in a Stiff Breeze. 

In the collection of W. Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, Bath. 
Sale. J. R. Elaine, London, 1857 (300, White). 

664. View on the Maas at Dordrecht. Morning sunshine. 

Sales. Edmund Higginson of Saltmarsh Castle, London, June 4, 1846. 
Scarisbrick, London, May n, 1861 (283 : ios., Smart). 

664*. Fishermen on the Maas. [Possibly identical with 677^.] 
Sale. Scarisbrick, London, May u, 1861 (.107, Smart). 

664^. Sea Piece: Evening. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 12^ inches by 15! inches. 

In the collection of W. von Krane-Matena, Darmstadt, 1863 (Parthey, 
ii. 849). 

664^. A Flat River Landscape. 

Panel, 9^ inches by \i\ inches. 

In the Gotha Gallery, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

664*5?. View of a Dutch Town. With its harbour full of shipping. 

In the Hoser collection at the Prague Gallery, 1863 (Parthey, i. 271) ; 
not now to be found in the Rudolfinum, Prague. 

665. Sea Piece. Several coasting-vessels lie at the entrance to the 
little harbour of a town, the church of which towers above its walls. In 
the distance are seen two vessels, as well as the coast. In the foreground 
is a sloop in still water. Sunrise. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sales. Cardinal Fesch, Rome, March 17, 1845, No. 54. 

Due de Morny, Paris, May 31, 1865, No. 40 (12,000 francs). 

666. A Ferry-Boat on the Maas. With eight people on board. 
Near the bank are ducks. In the distance is Dordrecht. 

Sale. Sir F. Roe, London, May 25, 1867 (161 : 145., Rhodes). 
666a. The Ferry-Boat. 

In the Birch collection. 

Sale. J. Fallows, London, 1868 (99 : 155., Gruyter). 

667. A Dutch Canal. In the style of Van Goyen. 
Panel, 14 inches by 2o| inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 292). 

In the collection of Charles Bredel, London. 

Sale. (Probably) Miss Bredel, London, May I, 1875 (325 : ios., Rutley). 

667*. View on the Rhine. 

22 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Foster, London, June 3, 1876 (3150, Rutter). 

667^. A River Landscape. With fishing-boats. 

Panel, 23 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. Albert Levy, London, June 16, 1876 (^73 : ios., M. Colnaghi). 



20O 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



668. A River Estuary. With ships on the right and in the dis- 
tance. In the left foreground is a boat with figures. On high ground 
to the right is a church with other buildings. [Pendant to 252.] 

Panel, u inches by 13^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1878, 
No. 85. 

^j._(Possibly) Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 59 (3 florins 10, with 

pendant). 

J. S. Phillips, London, 1866 (252, Fordham). 
In the collection of J. E. Fordham, London, 1878. 

668*. Ships on the Maas at Dordrecht 

Sales. London, 1874 (.115 : ios., Bell). 

(Probably) Bell, London, 1881 (126, Perlington) measuring 40 inches 
by 36 inches. 

668. Sea Piece. On a broad and placid river a vessel with numerous 
passengers is under full sail. On the left another sailing-vessel is taking 
in passengers. A third vessel near the shore is preparing for departure 
and hoisting sail. There are windmills in the distant pastures, which are 
full of cattle. 

Panel, 24 inches by 32 inches. 

Sales. E. Ruelens, Brussels, April 17, 1883, No. 65. 

669. Shipping on a River (or, A Sultry Morning). On the 

river both in the foreground and in the distance are many vessels with 
figures. On the farther bank is Dordrecht. A cloudy sky. 

Signed, A. Cuyp, and dated 1643 P ane l> 22 inches by 32 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1885, 
No. 107. 

In the collection of Captain W. A. Hankey, Beaulieu, Hastings, 1885. 

670. Ships on the Sea (or, Homeward Bound). On the sea, 
which is slightly ruffled, two vessels are sailing in the foreground to the 
right ; others are in the distance. The coast is to the right. A 
cloudy sky. 

Panel, 18 inches by 25 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, 
No. 101, by de Zoete. 

Sale. S. Herman de Zoete of Hayes, London, 1885, No. 216 (535 : ios., 
Colnaghi). 

Note. No. 101 in the Winter Exhibition of 1884 was attributed to Jan 
van de Capelle, and No. 109, "River Scene with Boats," on canvas, 19 inches 
by 19 inches (also H. de Zoete's property) to Cuyp. But these entries seem 
to have been transposed. For No. 101 was sold as a Cuyp in the 1885 sale, 
and No. 109 as a Van de Capelle (which fetched 399, Agnew ; and was in 
the Sir James Knowles sale, May 29, 1908, 1102 : ios., Colnaghi). 

670/7. A River Landscape. At evening, with numerous three- 
masted ships, sailing-vessels, and boats. In the foreground two fishermen 



vii AELBERT CUYP 201 

in a boat are casting their nets. To the left, on the farther bank, is a 
town with several churches. 

Signed in full on a sailing-boat in the right foreground, and dated 
1640 ; i6| inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. H. Moll, Cologne, November n, 1886, No. 40 (1200 marks, 
Dr. Drainer). 

671. SHIPPING ON A RIVER. Three sailing-vessels are 
going down stream close together, leaving a long wake. In front of 
them is a fourth vessel. On the right two men stand on a high bank. 
The nearer shore is covered with thick bushes and trees. A cloudy sky. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 12 inches 
by i6| inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1885, 
No. 114. 

Sale. David P. Sellar, June 6, 1889, No. n. 

671*7. A River Landscape with Boats. Morning. [Pendant 
to 729.] 

Panel, oval, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, 
No. 394. 

Sale. Earl of Dudley, London, June 25, 1892, No. 2. 

672. A VIEW ON THE MAAS. With a ferry-boat. 
24^ inches by 29 inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer Larkin, 1892, No. 37. 

673. A RIVER LANDSCAPE. A cavalier and a lady are on 
the bank waiting for the ferry. 

1 8 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. London, May 13, 1893, No. 25. 

674. The Maas at Dordrecht. In the centre is a sailing-vessel 
with figures j to the right is a rowing-boat ; to the left are fishing-boats. 
In the distance are a windmill, and the church and houses of Dordrecht. 

17^ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. George Field, London, June 10, 1893, No. 19. 

675. Fishing-Boats on a Rough Sea. They are labouring in the 
waves. In the left foreground one boat is putting in to land. A flash of 
lightning comes from heavy thunderclouds. 

Signed on a plank, A. C. j panel, I2| inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Lanfranconi of Pressburg, Cologne, October 21, 1895, No. 42. 

676. A RIVER LANDSCAPE. With a large black ship, carry- 
ing two persons, in the foreground. To the left are warships with tall 
masts ; to the right is a fortified town with towers and bastions. 

inches by 21 inches. 



2O2 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



Possibly the picture exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 658, lent by Henry 
Harvey. 

Exhibited at the London Guildhall, 1895, No. 135. 
Then in the collection of W. Harvey, London. 

676*. A River Landscape. With boats and figures. 

Sale. Lord Waterpark and others, London, June 12, 1897, No. IOI 
(4 : 45., De Coninck). 

677. A SUNNY RIVER LANDSCAPE. On the bank to the 
left is a cottage. In the centre are two boats drawn up into the reeds, 
with two figures. Sunshine. A very early picture in a straw-yellow 
tone. 

Signed in full ; panel, 13^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. J. C. Mieville, London, April, 29, 1899, No. 60 (430:105., 
Lesser). 

677*7. View on the Maas at Dordrecht. With boats and figures. 

Sale. Viscount Oxenbridge, London, December 9, 1899, No. 28 (30:95., 
Goudstikker). 

677^. A River Landscape. The river stretching away into the 
far distance washes the sandy shore which occupies the foreground, and 
near which two sailing-vessels lie at anchor. 

Canvas, 25^ inches by 31^ inches. 

Sale. Delitt and others, Cologne, February 5, 1900, No. 22. 

677*:. A River Landscape. With boats and figures. 
Panel, 24 inches by 38^ inches. 
Sale. London, July 7, 1900, No. 55. 

677^. The Maas at Dordrecht. With a fleet of fishing-boats and 
numerous little boats with figures. [Possibly identical with 66,4/7.] 
Panel, 36 inches by 58 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 16, 
1901, No. 70 (22 : is., Goudstikker). 

677*. A River Landscape. On the bank area cottage and figures. 
Panel, 1 6 inches by 2 1 inches. 

$*!* Britten Slee and others, London, March 25, 1901, No. 21. 

6 77/ View on the Maas at Dordrecht. With numerous boats 
and figures. 

Panel, 27 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. Salmon, London, June 22, 1903, No. 135. 

678. A RIVER LANDSCAPE. With a village, a ferry-boat, 
and figures. 

Canvas, 40 inches by 51 inches. 

Sale. London, February 13, 1904, No. loo (89 : 53., Harvey). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 203 

678*7. A Sea Piece. On the water in front are three vessels carrying 
many people ; in the distance are numerous sailing-vessels. To the right 
is a town. 

Panel, 28 inches by 41 1 inches. 

Sales. (Possibly) Leyden, June I, 1765, No. 38 (65 florins). 
Munich, April 25, 1904, No. 19. 

678^. A River Landscape. With boats and figures. [Possibly 
identical with 67 8/.] 

Canvas, 24 inches by 29 inches. 

Sales. London, May 19, 1904, No. 137 (3 113 : 6, Gunn). 

(Possibly) Lady Currie, London, 1906, No. 26 (115 : ios., Gooden 
and Fox). 

678^. A River Landscape. With a ruin and boats. 

2o| inches by 28^ inches. 

Sale. J. G. Menzies and others, London, February 25, 1905, No. 133. 

678^. A River Landscape. With a ruin. At a projecting bank 
are figures and boats. 

Panel, 22 inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. Chr. Bushell and others, London, March 17, 1906, No. 103. 

678*. A River Landscape. On the dyke are figures and buildings. 

Panel, 23 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. James Boulton, London, April n, 1906, No. 154. 

678/1 A River Landscape. With sailing-boats and figures. 
[Possibly identical with 678^.] 

Canvas, 24 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Lady Currie and others, London,*^June|^3O,j 1906, No. 26 
: ios., Gooden and Fox). 



678^. A River Landscape. With a village, a ferry-boat, and 
figures. 

Canvas, 38 inches by 51 1 inches. 

Sale. Thomas M'Lean, London, January 18, 1908, No. 148. 

679. THE COAST AT SCHEVENINGEN. Sm. 97. A 

cavalier, richly dressed in a brown velvet costume edged with gold, buff 
boots and a turban, and mounted on a dappled-grey, rides forward from the 
right. A man-servant on a bay horse gallops after him from the opposite 
side, preceded by a dog. Beyond them is a horseman, surrounded by 
about twenty-four peasants and fishermen who are busy with their fish. 
Some fishing-boats lie near the shore. To the right, above a high sand- 
hill, rises a church tower. " Painted in the artist's most esteemed manner " 

Panel, 31^ inches by 42 inches. 
Exhibited at the British Institution, 1832. 



204 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sales. Philip Hill, London, July 3, 1811 (252). 

Edward Coulson, London, May 7, 1830 (291 : 1 8s.). 

T. Emmerson, London, 1832 (215 : 55.). 
In the collection of Sir Matthew White Ridley, 1834. (Sm.). 
In the collection of Lord Ridley, London. 

679*7. Coast Scene. With vessels and figures. 

Panel, 20 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 1 8, 1819, No. 15 (45 florins, Gruyter). 

679^. Coast at Scheveningen. With a large crowd of people 
watching the departure of a prince. 
Canvas, 30^ inches by 43^ inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 50 (14 florins 15, S.). 

67 gc. Coast Scene with Fishermen. 

Signed, A. Cuijp ; panel, 29 inches by 57^ inches. 

Note. Possibly some of these coast scenes with fishermen are not by 
Aelbert, but by Benjamin, Cuyp, who delighted in painting such subjects. 

Sale. Fr. J. Mensart and others, Amsterdam, September 2, 1824, No. 41. 



Coast Scene with Vessels. 
Panel. 

Sale. D. N. Teengs, Monnikendam, September 23, 1824, No. 15 (no 
florins, Smart). 

680. Coast Scene. In the foreground sit two fishermen and a 
woman with a market-pail in her lap, watching some fish on the shore. 
Farther away is a boat with fishermen, a sailing-vessel, a sloop with men 
in her, and sailing-boats. At one side is the tower of a village church. 
Evening sunlight. [See note to 679*:.] 

Panel, 29^ inches by 42 inches. 

Sale. J. Nauta, widow of E. van Drielst, and others, Amsterdam, April 12, 
1842, No. 12. 

6800. Coast Scene with many Figures. [See note to 679^.] 
Panel. 

Sale. Antwerp, March 30, 1846, No. 45. 

688. Coast with Dunes. In the foreground are two fishermen 
near a waggon with a bay horse, and other men. In the middle distance 
and in the background are fishing-boats, drawn up on the shore or going 
to sea. [See note to 679*:.] 

Panel, i8 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. E. J. de Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, No. 
28 (150 florins, Verheggen). 

68cv. Coast at Scheveningen. On the coast at Scheveningen, 
the church of which rises to the left above the dunes, is a great crowd of 
people of all classes, watching the Dutch fleet set sail. In the left fore- 
ground is a waggon with two horses. [See note to 679^.] 






vii AELBERT CUYP 205 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner on a plank, A. C., and dated 
1630 (?) ; panel, 26^ inches by 42 inches. 

Sale. Hopken-Melenberg and others, Berlin, May 6, 1892, No. 133. 

68cW. Figures on the Coast at Scheveningen, near the 
Fleet. [See note to 679^] 

Sale. Hall and others, London, November 21, 1896, No. 41. 

6Soe. Coast Scene. With fishing-boats and figures. [See note to 
679*.] 

27 inches by 43 inches. 

Sale. Macbean and others, London, July 23, 1900, No. 43. 

68q/! Coast Scene. With buildings and figures. [See note to 
679^] 

n inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. R. Goodall and others, London, February 20, 1905, No. 150. 

6Sog. Coast at Scheveningen. With figures, fishing-boats, and 
horses, one of which is tied to a tree. [See note to 679^.] 
Panel, 36 inches by 60 inches. 

Sales. Harding, London, 1885 (273, Hirsch). 
London, December 20, 1902, No. 93. 
London, May 6, 1905, No. 122. 

681. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS AND SHEEP. The 

shepherd is on a hill to the left. It is catalogued as of the school of 
Cuyp ; but it appears to be a genuine early work of the master. 

In the Aix Museum, without a number. 

682. A FLAT SANDY LANDSCAPE. Beside a road to the 
right is a farm ; to the left of it is a wall, at which are several figures. 
In a light-yellow tone. A good picture of the early period. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. cuijp ; panel, 9^ inches 
by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 93 (13 florins, Spruyt). 

Acquired for the Berlin Museum from the Reimer collection, Berlin, 
1843. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1906 catalogue, No. 86 1. 

683. DUNES WITH COWS, SHEEP, AND FIGURES. 

In the foreground is a high dune, rising to the right and overgrown 
with bushes and trees. A road leads away from it to the left into the 
distance. On the dune are two shepherds. In the right foreground, near 
the side of the dune, is a shallow pool, in which stand some cows. On 
the road a wayfarer meets a horseman. An early work. 

Signed twice in the left-hand bottom corner, "A. cuijp. A. cuijp"; 
panel, 19^ inches by 29 inches. 

Purchased in Paris, 1873. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1906 catalogue, No. 86 1. 



20 6 AELBERT CUYP 

684. Evening Landscape. 

Signed, " A cuijp. f." ; canvas, 23^ inches by 33 inches. 
S a k. (Possibly) Lord Cawdor, London, 1800 (84, Foster). 
In the Esterhazy collection, Vienna. 

In the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, 1906 catalogue, No. 574 (old 
No. 410). 

685. Landscape with Cattle. A red building, with a herd of 
cattle in front. It is entirely in the style of Van Goyen, but there are 
touches characteristic of Cuyp, as in the landscape and in several figures. 

Signed doubtfully in the left-hand bottom corner. 

In the collection of Georg Rath, Budapest, but not in the 1906 catalogue. 

686. Identical with 186. 

687. LANDSCAPE WITH TWO COWS. The cows are on 
the left ; on the right is water with boats. A light early picture. 

Signed on the left with an indistinct monogram ; panel, 1 1 inches by 
1 6 inches. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

In the collection of A. de Ridder, Cronberg, near Frankfort-on-Main. 

688. A DUTCH RIVER LANDSCAPE. On the bank of 
a canal, on which are five vessels, are two men in grey with sheep. An 
attractive work of the early period. 

Signed on the left, A. Cuyp ; panel, 26 inches by i6 inches. 

Purchased from the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, 1889. 
In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. II. 

689. A RIVER LANDSCAPE WITH COWS. A canal, 
with felled trees lying on the bank, is crossed by a little foot-bridge 
in the middle distance. On the farther bank, to the right, are a cottage 
and a haystack amidst trees. Beyond the bridge the canal joins a larger 
stream which flows away into the distance, bounded on the horizon by a 
tree-clad shore. In the left foreground cows are grazing ; nearer to the 
front is a group of three peasants or raftsmen conversing with a towns- 
man. An early work. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner on the edge of the bank, 
A. cuyp ; oak panel, 16 inches by 22 inches. 

Exhibited at Munich, 1869. 
Acquired for Frankfort, 1892, Gontard bequest. 

In the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort-on-Main, 1900 catalogue, 
No. 308*7. 

690. EVENING AFTER RAIN : LANDSCAPE WITH 
A COW AND THREE HERDSMEN. On the right the ground 
rises towards a little hill. On it a cow lies in profile to the right, in front 
of trees, while three herdsmen near her are conversing. In the centre of 
the background is a round tower. To the left is a small and stagnant 
pool. A grey sky with clouds. The setting sun tinges the edges of the 



vii AELBERT CUYP 207 

clouds a light ochre-yellow, and produces a fine effect of light, which is 
emphasised by vivid luminous passages on the grass and the bushes. By 
way of contrast there are dark bushes in the immediate foreground. The 
trees cast deep but transparent shadows to the right, and the left half of 
the picture, in the middle distance and background, is enveloped in a 
delicate warm greenish twilight. The picture is loosely painted and 
exceptionally poetic in feeling. [Compare 702.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. cuyp j canvas, 21 inches 
by 27^ inches. 

In the collection of Baron d'Aubigny, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger, 1900. 

In the possession of the London dealers Forbes and Paterson, in the spring 
of 1902. 

In the collection of A. Bredius ; exhibited on loan in the Royal Picture 
Gallery, The Hague, 1907 catalogue, No. 667. 

691. LANDSCAPE WITH SHEEP AND SHEPHERDS. 

On a knoll to the left are two shepherds ; one sits with his back to 
the spectator, the other stands in profile to the left. In the foreground 
are sheep and goats. To the right is a view over a flat landscape with a 
church in the middle distance. Blue sky with clouds. This is an 
exceptionally good picture of the early period ; it is straw-yellow in 
tone. 

Signed, "A. Cuyp fecit" ; panel, 15 inches by 27 inches. 

Exhibited for a time on loan at the Royal Picture Gallery, The Hague. 
Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1903, 
No. 89, and at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1904, No. 390. 
In the collection of H. J. Pfungst, London. 
In the collection of J. J. van Alen, London, from 1903. 

692. Cows by a River. On a little tongue of land in the centre 
foreground are three cows ; one is lying down with its head to the left ; 
another stands behind to the right, with its head turned to the left ; the 
third turns towards the river. On the left a man sits in profile to the 
left j a boy and another man with his back to the spectator are conversing. 
On the river to the extreme right is a boat with two figures. Farther 
away are other boats. The river and the opposite bank^ overgrown with 
bushes, fill the middle distance and background. [Possibly identical with 
7H-] 

In the collection of H. J. Pfungst, London. 
In the collection of J. J. van Alen, London. 

693. River Landscape with Sheep and Shepherds. On a 

hillock to the right are a man and woman, with sheep. To the left is 
a river with sailing- boats. Blue sky with clouds. The attribution to 
Cuyp is uncertain. If the picture is genuine, it must be an early work, 
but the drawing of the figures and sheep raises doubts. Still it is certainly 
an old and not a bad picture. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 15^ inches by 19 inches. 



2o8 AELBERT CUYP 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1902, 

No. 1 80. 

In the collection of Major Arthur Chambers, 1902. 

694 COWS AND SHEEP IN A RIVERSIDE PASTURE 
WITH HERDSMEN (or, View on a Plain). A view over a flat 
landscape. In the foreground a shepherd stands in profile to the right ; 
near him to the left is a woman seated with her back to the spectator. 
To the right are three cows lying down and two standing in front 
of trees. In the foreground are four sheep ; in the middle are three more. 
In the left middle distance is a river with a road along the bank. A 
village and windmills are visible in the plain. The bright sunny sky of 
late afternoon in summer. Probably an early work. 

Signed, A. cuijp ; panel, 1 8 inches by 28 inches. 

Engraved by R. Cockburn and by J. Cousen. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 4 (old 
No. 9). 

695. RIVER LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE. In the fore- 
ground is a river, with two boats near the bank, on which are two men 
and three cows. In the distance is the farther bank, overgrown with 
bushes. On the river is a sailing-boat. Cloudy sky. This is of the 
master's earliest period. 

Signed, A cuijp ; panel, 10 inches by 14 inches. 

Engraved by R. Cockburn. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 60 (old 
No. 76). 

696. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS AND SHEEP. To the 
left are two cows and three sheep. Behind them are houses ; to the right 
is a wall. There is a town in the distance. Grey cloudy sky. An early 
work. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 14 inches by 
19^ inches. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 63 (old 
No. 5). 

697. LANDSCAPE WITH CATTLE AND FIGURES.- 

A low sandy place with patches of marshy grass. To the left two goats 
browse on a hillock. In the middle distance are three shepherds with 
sheep. To the right are three cows. A flat marshy distance under a 
grey sky. In Cuyp's early style, recalling that of Van Goyen. 
Signed, A cuijp ; panel, 14^ inches by 22^ inches. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 348 (old 
No. 192). 

698. A HERDSMAN AND A WOMAN TENDING 
CATTLE AND A HORSE. Sm. Suppl. 21. A hilly landscape on 
a fine summer evening. In the foreground two cows are lying down ; a 
horse stands in a foreshortened view. Farther back, on rising ground, 
are two more cows and some sheep ; near them is seated a woman 



vii AELBERT CUYP 209 

caressing a dog which jumps on her lap ; a man stands beside her, point- 
ing into the distance. On the left are clusters of docks. A very early 
yellow picture, the authenticity of which is not quite certain. 

Signed in full in the left-hand bottom corner ; panel, 26 inches by 
32 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 265). 

In the collection of the Earl of Lonsdale, Lowther Castle, No. 1 5 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.). 

699. A COUNTRY FARM WITH FIGURES. In the left 
foreground are little ducks, resembling very closely the duck in Jan Veth's 
picture (817). In the style of the Besancon picture of 1639 (362). A 
very large early work. 

Sale. (Probably) J. Blackwood, London, February 20, 1778 (99:155., 

Lord Ilchester) measuring 42 inches by 33 inches. 
In the collection of Lord Ilchester, Melbury Park. 

700. LANDSCAPE WITH SHEPHERDS, SHEEP, AND 

GOATS. A landscape with a hilly foreground and a view over a broad 
plain. To right and left are two shepherds with sheep and goats. In 
the middle distance are cottages amidst trees ; beyond is a church tower. 
Cloudy sky. An early picture, in the style of Van Goyen. 
Panel, 1 1 inches by 1 7 inches. 

In the Electoral Gallery, Munich. 

In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 475. 

701. A FLAT LANDSCAPE WITH HERDSMEN AND 
CATTLE. In the centre is a town. All is in a brownish-yellow tone. 
A single figure in the foreground has local colour. An early picture, in 
the style of Van Goyen. 

In the Preyer collection, Vienna ; purchased as a whole by Senator Clark. 
In the collection of Senator Clark, New York. 

702. LANDSCAPE. With two cows, three herdsmen and a rider. 
To the left is a view across a placid lake with wooded shores and a ruined 
castle near the centre. The lake is partly hidden by the high bank to the 
right and the bushes, from which two trees rise almost in the middle of 
the picture. To the right are two cows, seen in profile to the left ; 
one is standing, the other lying down. Farther to the right are three 
herdsmen ; two are seated, the other stands conversing with a cavalier who 
is riding forward. In the style of the Bredius picture (690). 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; panel, 16 inches by 
21 1 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tr'esor de laCuriosite, ii. 443. 

In the collection of Etienne Le Roy, Brussels. 

Sales. Heris (Eire collection), Paris, March 25, 1841, No. 28 (4000 

francs). 

Th. Patureau, Paris, April 20, 1857. 
Marquise de Rodes, Brussels, 1868. 
Ch. Rhaban-Ruhl, Cologne, May 15, 1876, No. 62. 
Leon Cardon, Brussels. 
VOL. II P 



2IO 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of Fernand Halphen, Paris. 

703. AUTUMN LANDSCAPE WITH A FARM. To the 

right, on a bank of a little canal crossed by a bridge, is a cottage ; a 
waggon, a grey horse, and two men conversing are in front of it. To 
the right of them is a dovecot. To the left, farther back, are trees and 
bushes. In the distance are windmills ; the canal is seen winding away. 
In the left foreground, on the pasture, are three men. Two ducks are 
swimming on the canal ; a stork stands in the reeds. The sun rises 
behind the cottage. A good picture of the early period. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. Cuijp j panel, i6 inches 
by 29! inches. 

Sale. De M. and others, Amsterdam, February 23, 1904, No. 8 (2800 
florins). 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

704. LANDSCAPE WITH HILLS AND A RIVER. A 

fine distance. 

In the collection of the late Leopold Goldschmidt, Paris. 

705. Landscape. 

Signed j panel, 24 inches by 34^ inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 41. 

In the collection of Count Bloudoff, St. Petersburg. 

706. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS ON A RIVERSIDE 
PASTURE. An early work, but very warm in tone. The trees are 
still somewhat unskilfully drawn. There is very little local colour. 

Signed to the left on a plank, A. Cuyp. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 43). 

In the collection of Lord Leconfield, Petworth. 

707. A FLAT LANDSCAPE WITH COWS AND SHEEP. 

In the distance is Dordrecht. A dark cloud in the sky. An early 
work in the style of the large Bridgewater House picture (369). 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 19 inches by 
28^ inches. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond, No. 147. 

708. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS AND A HORSE IN A 
THUNDERSTORM. In the deep shadow in the foreground are two 
cows lying down on the right ; the nearer is yellow, the other brown. 
To the right of them a powerful bay horse stands with his tail to the 
spectator. In the middle distance is a house ; near it are three or four 
other cows, one of which stands up. Beyond is Dordrecht ; the church 
and another tower rise dark against the grey sky, illumined by a great 
flash of lightning. To the left of the town are two windmills ; farther 
right is a third. A very early picture. [Compare 1670 and b.~\ 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A cuijp j panel, 30 inches 
by 42 inches. 

In the collection of the Earl of Dysart, Ham House, Richmond, Surrey. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 211 

709. LANDSCAPE WITH A HERDSMAN, A DOG, AND 
THREE COWS. Near, a cottage. Farther away are a village church 
and cottages. The herdsman sits on the left, with his back to the 
spectator. Sunset. A genuine early work, in a warm brownish-yellow 
tone. 

Panel, 20 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. J. Howard Galton, London, June 22, 1889, No. 113. 
In the collection of Sir William Fairer, Sandhurst Lodge. 

710. A Flat Landscape, with a River. To the right are wind- 
mills. In the distance to the left is a town. Small figures. It is straw- 
yellow in tone and recalls very strongly the early works of Cuyp, though 
catalogued as by an unknown hand. 

In the Correr Museum, Venice, No. 26. 

711. A LARGE LANDSCAPE. With many accessories. 

In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

712. LANDSCAPE WITH COWS. The church to the left is 
that of St. Mary's, Utrecht, but is set in a fanciful landscape. The 
picture is still more yellow in tone than Van Goyen's works and thus 
belongs to Cuyp's very early period. 

Signed in full ; panel. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 723). 

In the collection of Count Czernin von Chudenitz, Vienna, No. 257. 

712*. Two Landscapes. 

Sale. Jan Steen, Alkmaar, August 12, 1750, No. 57. 

712^. Landscape. 

Sale. G. and W. van Berckel, Amsterdam, March 24, 1761, No. 64. 

7i2r. A Fine Landscape, with Horses, and so forth. 

17^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Dordrecht, November 7, 1768 (Terw. 684), No. 9 (26 florins). 

712^. Landscape. With little figures, cows, and sheep. A river 
and a town in the distance. 

Panel, 20 inches by 30^ inches. 

Sale. Hendrik Verschuuring, The Hague, September 17, 1770, No. 42. 

712*?. Landscape, 
ii inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. John Blackwood, London, February 20, 1778 (.57 : 155., Bertles). 

7i2/ Landscape. 

Sale. J. van der B., Rotterdam, May 14, 1787, No. 8. 

712^. Landscape. Sm. 82. "A masterly study for a large 
picture " (Sm.). 

Sale. Sir S. Clarke and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 (54 : I2S.). 



212 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



712/1. Landscape with Figures. 

Sale. Heathcote, London, 1805 (or 1807 ?) (141 : 153., Sir P. C.). 

713. Landscape; a Hill. Sm. 269. The foreground is overgrown 
with docks and other wild plants, apparently studied from nature. In the 
distance are a herdsman and cattle. A fine evening. 

Panel, about 14 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. London, 1816 (42). 

713*7. Landscape at Sunrise. A delicate effect of light and a fine 
composition. 

Panel, 39^ inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 48 (l florin 5, Hopman). 

713^. A Fine Landscape. With many accessories. 
Panel, 13 inches by 1 8 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 49 (i florin 10). 

713*:. A Hilly Landscape. With a river. In the foreground are 
people reclining, an ass drinking, and accessories. Warm in tone. 

Sale. D. G. van den Burgh van Kronenburg, Loenen, September 6, 1824, 
No. 1 08 (9 florins, Van den Berg). 

713^. Landscape. 
Panel. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 15, 1825, No. 303 (3 florins 10). 

713*. Landscape. 

In the collection of Lord Radstock. 

Sale. Chippendale, London, 1825 (159 : 12., bought in). 

713/1 Landscape. With two little figures and a horse. 
Signed, Cuyp ; panel, 13^ inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. W. G. van Klinkenberg and others, Amsterdam, March 6, 1843, 
No. 66 (14 florins, Smit). 

713^. Landscape with Figures. 
Panel. 

Sale. Antwerp, February 24, 1851, No. 112. 

713/1 and /'. Two River Landscapes. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 16, 1851, No. 1 6. 

7137. Landscape with Figures. 
Signed, A. Cuyp. 

Sale. (Supplementary) Amsterdam, August 20, 1856, No. 459. 

713*. Landscape with a River. 

Signed, A Cuyp. 

Safe. E. B. Rubens and others, Amsterdam, August II, 1857, No. 255. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 213 

714. River Landscape with Cows and Figures. On the bank 
of the Maas in the immediate foreground are three cows, a shepherd, and 
two boys. A boat with two men is in the foreground ; beyond it are 
other vessels. The opposite shore is flat. Warm sunlight. [Possibly 
identical with 692.] 

In the Henderson collection, London, 1857 (Waagen, Suppl. 209). 

714/7. Landscape near Dordrecht. Morning sunshine. 
Sale. London, 1858 (183 : 153., bought in). 

714^. A Flat Landscape with a Thunderstorm. 

Signed, " A. Cuyp fee." ; panel, 22 inches by 30 inches. 

In the Schaffgotsch collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

714^. Landscape. 

Panel, 2i| inches by 30 inches. 

In the Gotha Museum, 1863 (Parthey, i. 723), but no longer there. 

714^. Wooded Landscape with a Lake. Sunset. 
Panel, 19 inches by 29^ inches. 

In the Weyer collection, Cologne, 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

714*. Hilly Landscape. A sketch. 

Panel, 4 inches by 7^ inches. 

In the possession of Ritterich, Leipzig, before 1863 (Parthey, i. 722). 

714/1 Dutch Landscape with a Canal. 

Canvas, 64^ inches by 100 inches. 

In the collection of Graf Schonborn, Pommersfelden, 1863 (Parthey, i. 
722), but not mentioned in the sale catalogue of 1867 or in the 1894 catalogue 
of the collection. 

714^. Sunset. A notable picture. 
Signed ; canvas, 41 inches by 67 inches. 

Sale. Faber, Stuttgart, April 28, 1870, No. 67. 

714/2. Landscape with Figures. 

Sale. Antwerp, June 23, 1871, No. 148. 

714*'. Landscape; Evening. 

54 inches by 30 inches (or the reverse). 

Sale. J. W. Russell, London, July 2, 1875 (,1%7 ' IOS -> Marsden). 

715. Landscape with a Windmill. 

Sale. Wynn Ellis, London, 1876 (120 : ijs., Carstanjen). 
715/7. See 540. 

7 1 5^. Sunny Landscape. With peasants, a miller's waggon near a 
well, and cottages. 

Signed ; 13 inches by 22 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 139). 



2I4 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sales. -H. A. J. Munro, London, June I, 1878, No. 34 (45 : IO3 -> 

Colnaghi). 
(Possibly) A. Levy, London, May 3, 1884 U37 8 )- 

715*:. Landscape with a Windmill. 

10 inches by 14 inches. 
S*/<?._London, 1884 (31$, Peploe). 
715^. Landscape with Peasants. 

Sate. London, 1884 (126, Sedelmeyer). 

716. Goats and Figures in a Landscape. A pasture and a piece 
of ground covered with great trees ; on the extreme left are the walls of a 
castle. To the right is an open landscape ; near a stone bridge with two 
arches are buildings. In the foreground near a spring are two goats. 
Here and there in the distance are little figures. Brown in tone. The 
attribution to Cuyp is doubtful. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, and dated 1638 ; 20 inches by 
28 inches. 

Sale. Heymel, Berlin, November 5, 1889, No. 85. 

717. LANDSCAPE. 
25! inches by 19^ inches. 

Exhibited by the London dealers P. and D. Colnaghi, March 1896, 
No. 1 6. 

717*7. Landscape. An early work. 
Panel, 17^ inches by 12 inches. 
Sale. London, July 9, 1901, No. 342. 

717^. Landscape. With many accessories. 

Canvas, 30 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Wolf and others, Frankfort-on-Main, May 12, 1903, No. 46. 

717^. Landscape with Shepherds. 

Mentioned by G. Pauli, Zeitschrift filr bildende Kumt, 1904, p. 174. 

In the Ltlrman collection, Bremen, 1863 (Parthey, i. 723) ; but not now 
there (according to A. Lllrman) nor mentioned in the catalogue of the Ldrman 
sale, Berlin, April u, 1905. 

718. LANDSCAPE WITH A CASTLE. Erroneously supposed 
to be that of Egmond. 

Exhibited at the Dutch Exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1904, 
No. 301. 

In the possession of the London dealer L. Lesser. 

718,7. Landscape. 

Canvas, 24 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Munich, November 28, 1905, No. 326. 

718^. A Farmyard. To the left, in a flat landscape, is a thatched 
building, near which are three figures. In the centre are a horse and 



vii AELBERT CUYP 215 

cart, with a man arranging the load. To the right is a figure in front of 
a house. In the distance is a church spire. 
Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, James Donald bequest, 1908 catalogue, No. 
253. 

719. VIEW ON A RIVER BY MOONLIGHT. Sm. 15. 
A broad and placid stream fills the left side and foreground of the picture. 
To the right is a steep cliff. On the river, to the extreme left, lie two 
large sailing-ships. Near the shore, to the right, is a boat with four 
fishermen, two of whom are drawing in their nets. Beyond it are 
numerous other boats. A sky with light clouds ; moonlight. [Pendant 
to 650]. 

Canvas, \i\ inches by 58 inches. 

Exhibited with the Six collection, Amsterdam, 1900, No. 21. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 

74 (505 florins, Delfos). 
In the Van Winter collection. 

In the Six van Hillegom collection, Amsterdam, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of J. Six, Amsterdam. 

720. A CLEAR MOONLIGHT NIGHT. In the right fore- 
ground, beside a broad lake, is a mill ; near it the moon is rising. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel. 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1890, No. 36. 

In the collection of the late A. von Carstanjen, Berlin. 

721. A River Landscape by Moonlight. To the left is a landing- 
place with two men and vessels. In the right foreground fishing-nets are 
drying. A very interesting picture, that may very well be an early work 
by A. Cuyp. 

Signed in full on a cask. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

722. Landscape by Moonlight. To the right is a tall tree by 
the hedge of a meadow. The picture reminds one of A. van der Neer but 
is probably by Cuyp, as the handling of the foliage suggests. 

In the Hoogendijk collection, The Hague, No. 252. 

723. River Landscape by Moonlight. Sm. 71, and Suppl. 8. In 
the left foreground are high trees ; beyond them are steep rocks with a 
building on their summit. On the river to the right are ships and sailing- 
boats. Clear sky ; a full moon. An "admirable" work (Sm.). 

Signed in full; panel, 21 inches by 18 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 367). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1884, 
No. 104, by Lord Norman ton. 

Sales. (Probably) Hendrik Twent, Leyden, August 1 1, 1789, No. 47 (loo 

florins). 

Robit, Paris, May 21, 1801 (2820 francs). 
In the collection of Sir Simon H. Clarke, Bart., 1834 (Sm.). 



2I 6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

Sa/e.Sir Simon Clarke, London, May 8, 1840 (^357)- 
In the collection of the Earl of Normanton, London. 

724. COWS BESIDE A RIVER ; MOONLIGHT. Sm. 

!72. A group of five cows, four of which are lying down, is on the 

bank of a river. On the stream is a boat carrying five persons. Moon- 
light. 

Panel, 19 inches by 28 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 167). 

In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, where it was in 1834 (Sm.). 

725. A CALM SEA BY MOONLIGHT. The full moon 
rides between clouds. To the right is a vessel with two sailors. In the 
foreground two piles rise out of the water. In the distance is a flat bank. 
To the left are two vessels under sail. This is a work of Cuyp's maturity. 
It is rather dark, but the moonlit sky is very fine. It is better than the 
Six picture (719), but not so good as the Carstanjen example (720). 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A cuyp ; panel, 30^ inches 
by 43 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1106. 

725*7. Moonlit Landscape. 

Panel, 22^ inches by 19^ inches. 

Sales. (Probably) Rotterdam, June 28, 1756, No. 65 (34 florins). 

Pieck Le Leu de Wilhelm, The Hague, May 28, 1777, No. 19 
(200 florins, Kinke). 

725^. View of Dordrecht ; Moonlight. 

Sale. Earl of Halifax, London, April 19, 1782 (47 : is.). 

725*:. River Landscape with Shipping ; Moonlight. A town in 
the distance. 

Panel, i6 inches by i\\ inches. 

In the Van Slingeland collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 
Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
IO2 (36 florins, Fouquet). 

726. Moonlit Landscape. Sm. 38. Two men, one of whom is on 
horseback, drive oxen and sheep along a road. In the distance is a river 
flowing between hills. 

Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 

105 (166 florins, Van Leen) material not stated. 
(Probably) Amsterdam, July n, 1798, No. 22 said to be on 
copper. 

727. A Sea Piece by Moonlight. Sm. 85. To the right are a 
windmill and a pier composed of piles, on which are several persons. 
There are two vessels under sail ; a boat lies alongside the pier. To the 
right is a broad expanse of water, illumined by the moon, f Pendant 
to 358.] 



vii AELBERT CUYP 217 

Engraved by Reynolds. 

Sale. London, 1802 (178 : ios.). 

728. View on the Maas at Night. The river fills the whole 
width of the picture. In the foreground is a boat carrying four fishermen, 
illumined by the moon, which shines also on the white sail of a vessel, 
followed by a little boat, that goes away into the distance. 

Signed with the monogram j canvas on panel, about 30^ inches by 42 
inches. 

Sale. Duchess de Berry, Paris, April 4, 1837. 
In the collection of Lord Sudeley. 

Sale. Prince Demidoff, San Donate, near Florence, March 15, 1880, 
No. 1 136. 

729. River Landscape by Moonlight. [Pendant to 6710.] 
Oval panel, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, 
No. 395, by Lord Dudley. 

Sale. Earl of Dudley, London, June 25, 1892, No. 3. 

729*7. River Landscape by Moonlight. Shipping and figures. 
19 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. London, May 13, 1893, No. 7. 

730. A View on the Banks of a River by Moonlight. Sm. 

250. A herd of six cows, five of which are lying down, in a riverside 
meadow. The moon is brightly reflected in the water. 

Described by Sm. from a mezzotint engraving by William Baillie. 

730^. A River Scene ; Evening. In the foreground are two 
cows and travellers with a dog. Farther along a road by the side of a 
river are two horsemen and two men watching a boat drawn by a 
grey horse. In the right foreground is still water with trees round which 
passes a road, on which are a woman and child with a dog. Farther 
right, partly screened by trees, are houses and a distant church. By the 
river in the distance are a windmill and buildings. Summer evening ; 
moonrise. Attributed to A. van der Neer and A. Cuyp. 

Panel, 28 inches by 39 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1872, 
No. 183, lent by Mrs. Charles Cope. 

In the collection of Edward Solly, whose pictures were sold, London, 
May 8, 1847. 

Sale. Charles Cope, London, June 8, 1872, No. 45 (346:105., 
Holloway). 

731. Skaters near the Huis te Merwede. The church of 
Dordrecht at the back is inaccurately rendered ; the polygonal end of 
the choir gives the appearance of a second transept. 

Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 23 inches by 
33 inches. 

Purchased from the dealer Riccard, Frankfort-on-Main. 

In the collection of A. de Ridder, Kronberg, near Frankfort-on-Main. 



2 iS AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

732. Winter Scene. A frozen town canal with a round tower to 
the left. A fine sky, which can be recognised as Cuyp's handiwork. 
The rest is inferior and not certainly his. There is little colour in the 
figures, save for a touch of red in the sleeves of a woman to the left. If 
genuine, the picture belongs to the transition between the early and 
middle periods. 

In the collection of Sir Audley Neeld, Grittleton House. 

733. FISHERMEN ON THE FROZEN MAAS. Sm. 161. 

In the right foreground sixteen fishermen are fishing under the ice with 
nets and long poles, or putting their catch into tubs. On the left a 
market-woman sits in a sleigh drawn by two horses. Several skaters and 
others are on the ice. In the distance are a tent and a church tower : on 
the river- banks are a few leafless trees and a windmill. Sunlight. A 
" matchless example of art " (Sm.). 
Panel, 27 inches by 47 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 285). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1815. 

Engraved by J. Fittler, A.R.A. 

Purchased by the Duke of Bedford, about the year 1814 (1260). 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, London. 

734. FISHING ON THE ICE. A crowd of people with a 
fishing-net stand on the ice. To the left are sledges and barrels. Near 
the shore is a windmill. Grey sky. 

Panel, 15 inches by 20 inches. 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 181 
(old No. 145). 

735. WINTER LANDSCAPE (or, Skating). The frozen 
Maas, with Dordrecht in the left background. Numerous persons are 
skating and sleighing. In the left foreground, two horses, a white and 
a bay, are attached to a sleigh. The picture is very dark but genuine. 
The great Hoofdpoort and the great church at Dordrecht may be 
distinguished. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 13 inches by 
22^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1907, 
No. 45. 

In the collection of Lord Huntingfield, London, 1907. 

736. FISHING UNDER THE ICE, ON THE MAAS. 

Sm. 42. In the right foreground eighteen fishermen, some with long 
poles, draw nets from under the ice of the frozen Maas. Near them are 
some fish-tubs. On the left are two persons in a sleigh drawn by a grey 
horse. There are other sleighs and skaters. In the distance are a wind- 
mill and a church. Sunny sky. [Possibly identical with 740* ?] 

Signed on a tub, A. cuyp ; panel, 21 inches by 34^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 247), in the Neeld collection. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1886, 
No. 63, by A. de Rothschild. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 219 

Sales. (Possibly) Stephan Loquet and others, The Hague, September 8, 
1789, No. 26 (510 florins, Nyman). 

M. Marin, Paris, 1790 (3970 francs). 

Lord Gwydyr, London, March 20, 1829 (194). 
In the collection of Joseph Neeld, 1834 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Alfred de Rothschild, London. 

737. VIEW ON THE MAAS WITH THE HUIS TE 
MERWEDE; WINTER (or, Scene on the Ice). Sm. 19- 

A view of the frozen Maas. In the right foreground is the ruined Huis 
te Merwede. Close to it are several sleighs, three horses, and numerous 
persons, some of whom are under a tent. Near a grey horse, three men 
are conversing. Nearer the front, a fourth man, in red, with a stick over 
his shoulder, is skating, with his back to the spectator. On the expanse 
of ice are groups of skaters : a few buildings and a line of flat shore bound 
the view. " The sky is delightfully varied with mottled clouds, and the 
influence of a bright winter's sun gilds the whole scene ; this is a super- 
lative production " (Sm.). The yellow sunlight is very warm, almost too 
warm for a winter afternoon j but this may perhaps be ascribed to the 
varnish. [Possibly identical with 740.] 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 25^ inches by 35^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 86, and Suppl. 68), and by W. Burger, Tresors 
d 1 Art en Angleterre, p. 271. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1832 ; at Manchester, 1857, 
No. 1035 ; and at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1875, 
No. 145 ; 1890, No. 96 ; and 1903, No. 91. 

In the collection of Hendrik van Slingeland, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 78 (1705 florins, Fouquet). 

In the collection of the Earl of Yarborough, London ; where it was in 
1834 (Sm.). 



#. Winter Sports. On the ice are a horse and sleigh, and 
skaters, with tents. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 18^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. J. van der H., Leyden, September ii, 1776, No. 64. 

738. A Winter Scene. Sm. 3 On a frozen canal some men are 
breaking the ice. On the right is a young woman in a sleigh drawn by 
white horses. Numerous skaters are on the ice. In the distance is the 
Dordrecht church tower. 

Canvas, 24 inches by 44 inches. 

Sale. Prince de Conti, Paris, March 15, 1779 (820 francs). 

739. View on the Maas in Winter, with Dordrecht. Sm. 26. 

On the frozen Maas are horses and sleighs, people walking and skating, 
and a tent. In the distance is the great church of Dordrecht. 
Panel, 13 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 
No. 86 (190 florins, Delfos). 



220 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



7390. Winter Landscape with Figures. Along a snow-covered 
road, with a windmill and houses, are many figures on horseback and on 
foot. In the distance is a village. A fine effect of light. 

Canvas, 33 inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. J. Lauwers and others, Amsterdam, December 13, 1802, No. 36. 

739^. Winter Landscape with Figures. 

Sale. Bryan, London, May 7, 1804 (590). 

740. Winter Sports on the Frozen Maas near the Huis te 
Merwede. Sm. 279. The ruined tower fills the right-hand side of the 
picture. In front of it are four persons in a sleigh drawn by a white 
horse ; the driver is at the side. Nearer the front, a man with a stick 
over his shoulder is skating, with his back to the spectator. Beyond him 
are several persons with horses near a tent, beside the ruin ; many others 
are on the ice. Sunset. [Possibly identical with 737.] 

Canvas, about 34 inches by 26 inches (or the reverse ?) 

In the collection of the Earl of Coventry, 1834 (Sm.). 

740*7. Winter Landscape. A great ruin by a frozen river. 
Skaters and a sleigh drawn by a grey horse. Evening sunshine. [Possibly 
identical with 736 ?] 

Described by Waagen (ii. 129). 

In the collection of Baron Lionel Rothschild, London, 1854. 

741. Winter. A man of rank and a lady are driving in a carriage 
with two greys on a frozen canal. A crowd of applauding peasants and 
gentry precede or follow them, on foot, in sleighs, or in carts. Near the 
carriage a man on a bay horse is blowing a trumpet. In front of the 
carriage a gentleman is skating. Some persons stand aside to let the 
procession go by. To the right is a group of persons playing. In the 
distance are two windmills. Sunset. The attribution to Cuyp is 
doubtful. 

Panel, 23^ inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 15 
(925 francs, Meskens). 

742. Sports on the Ice. A crowd of skaters and pedestrians, and 
sleighs, on the frozen Maas at Rotterdam. 

Panel, 36 inches by 62 inches. 

Sale. Gruyter, Amsterdam, October 24, 1882, No. 18. 

7420. A Fair on the Ice. On a frozen canal are numerous 
skaters. To the right, at the foot of a ruin, is a tent with the Dutch flag 
over the entrance. The interior and the approaches are crowded with 
peasants. Several sledges full of goods, one of them drawn by two horses, 
are near. To the left are groups of skaters. 

Signed ; panel, 23 inches by 34^ inches. 

Sales. Meffre the elder, Paris, February 25, 1845, No. 15. 
Ittenbach, Cologne, November 8, 1898, No. 19. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 221 

743. Skating. Skaters and pedestrians are on a frozen river, near 
which is a tower. 

Canvas, 26 inches by 36 inches. 

Sale. Manley Sims and others, London, March 23, 1903, No. 83 (.17 : 173., 
Brown). 

743<z. Skating. On a frozen river^ with a ruin. 
Panel, 10 inches by 15 inches. 

Sales. London, June 21, 1902, No. 165. 
London, March 15, 1903, No. 132. 
(Probably) Cunliffe, London, May 9, 1903, No. 85. 

743^. Frozen River Scene. 
Panel, 18 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Hannah Entwisle of Sunninghill, London, February I, 1908, 
No. 131 (273, Wall). 

744. INTERIOR OF THE GROOTE KERK, DOR- 
DRECHT. Sm. 212. A view of the northern aisle, from west to 
east that is, from the organ out into the transept. To the left, in front 
of the St. Barbara or Teresteyn chapel, which is shut off by a screen, two 
children, hand in hand, turn towards the door. In the corner of the 
chapel three men are conversing. One of them, an elderly man, wears a 
grey overcoat ; a young man, to the left, with his back to the spectator, 
wears a yellow coat and red breeches. Almost in the centre is a peasant 
woman, wearing a straw hat, a blue gown, and white apron ; she carries a 
marketing basket on her left arm. In the middle distance is a lady with 
two boys ; farther back is a man with his son. Another man is seated on 
a bench close to a pillar. In the foreground are two dogs j one, which is 
light in colour, is lying down ; the other, which is dark, stands up. Sun- 
light. A similar picture is at Innsbruck (745). [Compare 749^.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 16 inches by 
I2| inches. 

In the Van Saceghem collection, Ghent, 1834 (valued by Sm. at 210). 
Sales. Saceghem of Ghent, Brussels, June 2, 1857. 

Vicomte B. du Bus de Gisignies, Brussels, May 9, 1882, No. 19. 
In the Suermondt collection, Aachen, 1883 catalogue, No. 32. 

745. INTERIOR OF THE GROOTE KERK, DOR- 
DRECHT. A view from the northern choir aisle, looking from the 
south-east to the north-west, to the choir of Our Lady. On the left is a 
woman wearing a red bodice and a soft brown hat ; to the right are two 
men with books. A dog lies beside a pillar in front. Sunlight. This is 
a work of Cuyp's maturity. A similar picture is at Aachen. [Compare 

749'-] 

Signed A. Cuijp ; panel, i6| inches by I2| inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 722). 
In the De Hoppe collection. 
In the collection of J. Tschager, Vienna. 

In the Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Tschager bequest, 1899 catalogue, 
No. 635. 



222 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



#. Interior of the Groote Kerk, Dordrecht. Divine service. 
A crowd of persons listen attentively to the preacher. A fine effect of 
light. 

Panel, 20 inches by 16 inches. 

Saks. Amsterdam, June 19, 1826, No. 12 (90 florins, De Vries). 
Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 16 (99 florins, Lamme). 

746. Interior of a Church. With many well-drawn figures. A 
good effect of light. [Possibly identical with 749.] 

25^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Antwerp, July 5, 1784, No. 82 (62 florins, Ommeganck). 

746*7. Interior of a Protestant Church. With many figures. On 
the walls are coats-of-arms and memorial tablets. 
Canvas, 12 inches by 16 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, June 13, 1809, No. 31* (3 florins). 

746^. Interior of a Church. With many figures. 
Panel, 9 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. H. van der Werf, Rotterdam, April 19, 1816, No. 52 (44 florins, 
BufFa). 

747, 748. Two Sunlit Church Interiors. Sm. 133. 

Canvas, 17 inches by n inches each. 

Sale. Lapeyriere, Paris, April 14, 1817 (sold separately : 1405 francs and 
800 francs). 

748*. Interior of a Church. With figures and a dog. 
Panel, 14 inches by I2j inches. 

Sale. B. Ocke, Leyden, April 21, 1817, No. 25 (36 florins 10, Tomass). 

749. Divine Service in Delft Church. In the presence of Prince 
William I. and his court. At least ninety figures, many of them portraits. 
[Possibly identical with 746.] 

Canvas. 

Sale. J. A. Snijers, Antwerp, April 27, 1818, No. 124 (140 florins, 
Eckfort). 

749*7. Church. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 6, 1829, No. 209 (80 florins, Esser). 

749^. Interior of a Church. Bright sunshine. 
Panel, 18 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May i, 1837, No. 123. 

749<r. Interior of a Church. 

Sale, Lord Northwick, London, May 12, 1838 (49 : 75., Clowes). 

749** 1 . Interior of a Church. Sunlight. 

Exhibited at Amsterdam, 1845, No. no. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



223 



749<?. Interior of a Church. With accessories. A good effect of 
light. [Possibly identical with 744 or 745.] 
Panel, 16 inches by 13! inches. 

Sale. E. J. de Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 1847, No. 32 
(40 florins, Quispel). 

750. Interior of a Church. With accessories. Sunlight. 
Panel, 18 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. J. Slagregen, Amsterdam, August 19, 1856, No. 1 8. 

750^. Interior of a Dordrecht Church. 

In the Bartels collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

750^. Interior of a Protestant Church. 

Panel, 16^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. W. Gruyter, Amsterdam, October 24, 1882, No. 19. 

7SOf. Interior of the Groote Kerk, Dordrecht. A view looking 
across the transept. Numerous figures in the foreground ; two boys 
spinning tops. 

Signed "A. Cuyp, 16 " ; panel, 26 inches by 30 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1892, No. 47. 
In the possession of the executors of the late E. H. Lawrence, 1892. 

751. Interior of a Church. A view from the side-aisle across the 
nave. To the left is the pulpit ; at the back is the organ. In the fore- 
ground are two dogs ; farther back figures are placed here and there. In 
spite of the full signature, the catalogue attributed this picture to E. de Witte, 
to whose work it bore much less resemblance than to that of Cuyp. Still 
the attribution to Cuyp is not quite certain. 

Signed in full near a pillar ; 28 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Haemacher, Amsterdam, November 30, 1897, No. 122 (310 florins, 
Bertram). 

752. A COWSHED. A whitish-brown ox stands in profile to the 
left ; in front of him to the left lies a black cow. Both are fastened up 
with a cord on the right. In the stable to the left lies a goat. The 
cattle are grouped precisely the same as in the pictures belonging to the 
Brussels Museum (753), the late R. Kann (755), the late M. Kann (215), 
and the Rijksmuseum (180), in the last two of which the scene is laid in 
the open. This picture lacks only the landscape vista. There is a 
repainted passage in the left fore-foot of the ox ; the foot was first placed 
farther forward. 

Panel, ii inches by 16 inches. 

Described and illustrated by Professor C. J. Holmes, Burlington Magazine, 
March 1908, p. 373. 

An inscription on the back states that the picture was given by Lord Bess- 
borough to Bouvery, 1795, on condition that it should be kept as an heirloom 
at Hall. 

In the possession of the London dealers Dowdeswell, winter 1907-8. 

In the collection of Berthold Richter, Berlin. 



224 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



753. A COWSHED WITH TWO COWS AND POULTRY. 

[See note to 752.] 

Signed A. C. ; panel, 16 inches by 2o| inches. 

S*&. Paul Demidoff, Paris, February 26, 1863. 
In the Brussels Museum, 1905 catalogue, No. 141. 

754. A COWSHED. To the right a man with white sleeves is 
near a milk-pail. A man leads a brown cow into the shed on the left. 
Through the open door are seen the heads of two cows. In the tone of 
the early pictures. [Possibly identical with 761.] 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 247). 

In the collection of J. Neeld. 

In the collection of Sir Audley Neeld, Grittleton House. 

755. INTERIOR OF A COWSHED. A big red cow stands 
in profile to the left in a shed. Behind her to the left lies a black cow. 
In the shed are various utensils, a sieve for fodder, a jug, and the like, on 
the ground or on the wall. Farther back are a couple of fowls. On the 
window-sill to the extreme left sits a black pigeon. [Compare 752.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A/C. ; panel, 17^ inches by 
23 inches. 

Exhibited at Vienna, 1873, No. 117. 

Sale. T. Norris, London, 1873 (236 : 55., Sedelmeyer according to Art 
Sales). 

In the collection of Baron Leibig, Reichenberg. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 7. 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris, 1907 catalogue, No. 35 ; 
sold as a whole to the London dealers Duveen Brothers in the summer of 
1907. 

756. COWS IN A COWHOUSE. A brown -and -white cow 
stands in profile to the left. A black cow lies on the ground. There are 
also some sheep. The picture, though overcleaned, is genuine. 

In the collection of Prince Jussupoff, St. Petersburg. 

757. A Cowhouse. A young ox stands in profile to the right in a 
cowhouse. On the ground in front of it are two cabbages. To the 
right lies a calf, foreshortened. Behind it stands a girl holding a pole 
with both hands and turning her head to the left towards the ox. At 
his feet is a metal milk-can ; behind her is a bench on which are three 
cabbages. 

Signed, A. Cuyp; panel, n inches by 16 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of L. Nardus, Suresnes. 

758. INTERIOR OF A COWHOUSE. Two brown cows. 
To the right is a group of kitchen and stable utensils. To the left is a 
view of a landscape. An early work ; the landscape is yellow in tone. 
This landscape is characteristic of Cuyp ; the rest of the picture is less 
typical of his work. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 



225 



Signed in full in the right-hand bottom corner ; panel, 20^ inches by 
26^ inches. 

Exhibited at Vienna, 1873, No. 27. 
In the collection of M. Strauss, Vienna. 

759. A Barn with Cows. With vegetables and the like. 
30^ inches by 34 inches. 

In the collection of J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, 1752 
(Hoet, ii. 496). 

760. Interior of a Barn with Cattle. Sm. 53. With figures, 
vegetables, and farm implements. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart., London, May 29, 1794 (n : 6s.). 

760*. A Cow lying down, with Hens, in a Cowhouse. 

Panel, 8 inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. C. van Hardenberg, Utrecht, September 20, 1802, No. 15 (30 
florins, bought in). 

760^. A Cowhouse. 

Sale. James Scott, London, May 13, 1815 (54 : 12$., Sir H. Smyth). 

760^. A Cowhouse with a Cow and Calf. 

In the collection of John, Duke of Argyll. 

Sale. " Baroness of Greenwich " (?), London, 1818 (36 : 155., Woodburn). 

760^. A Cowhouse with three Cows. Many picturesque acces- 
sories. [Possibly identical with 763*2.] 

Sale. P. de Heere de Holy, Rotterdam, August 31, 1824, No. I (650 
florins, Oosterwyk). 

761. A Cowhouse with Cows. With accessories. Sunlight. 
[Possibly identical with 754.] 

Panel, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Widow of Joh. Ph. de Monte, Rotterdam, July 4, 1825, No. 184 
(400 florins, Lamme bought in). 

762. Interior of a Cowhouse, with two Cows. Sm. 184. The 
nearer cow, which is black, is lying down. The herdsman stands on his 
right, with his back to the spectator. In front of him are two pigeons 
and some cabbages. Through a large open door on the left is seen the 
distant landscape in bright sunshine. [Possibly identical with 763^.] 

Panel, 17^ inches by 22 inches. 

In the collection of Charles O'Niel, London, 1834 (Sm.). 

762*. A Cowhouse with two Cows. One is lying down, the 
other stands up. Well-painted accessories. 

Sale. Rotterdam, September 15, 1834, No. 55. 

763. Interior of a Barn with two Cows. Sm. 166. One cow, in 
profile, stands in front ; the other is lying down. Some fowls perch on 

VOL. II Q 



22 6 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

a boarded fence. The cows appear to be grouped in the same way as in 
752, and other pictures there referred to. [Pendant to 1 80.] 

Panel, about 13 inches by 17 inches. 

In the collection of Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, 1834 ( Sm O > 
this collection was sold September 5, 1851. 

763*7. A Cowhouse. Two red cows are in the middle of a cow- 
house. In the right foreground lie two overturned copper milk-cans, and 
a copper pot leaning against a butter-tub. Behind these, on a bench, are 
a rope of onions and a basket of cabbages. Above is hung some harness. 
Through a half-open door on the left is seen open country ; on the 
threshold is a pigeon. [Compare 760^.] 

Signed, A. Cuijp ; panel, 20 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale, Widow of H. E. V. Usselino, nee Tollens, Amsterdam, January 30, 
1866, No. 17 (2900 florins, Caramelli valued at 4000 florins). 

763^. A Cowhouse. In the centre stands a light-brown cow ; in 
front of it lies a black-and-white spotted cow. At the back a man is 
carrying fodder. On the ground in the right-hand corner are cabbages 
and dead birds. Through an open door to the left is a view of a river 
landscape ; a peasant with a basket comes towards the cowhouse. [Possibly 
identical with 762.] 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 18 inches by 2i inches. 

In the Gillott collection. 

Sale. Sedelmeyer, Vienna, December 20, 1872, No. 95. 

Note. Sedelmeyer bought at the Gillott sale, London, April 19, 1872, a 
picture mentioned by Waagen (346^. This measured 18 inches by 29 inches 
and represented two cows, not apparently in a cowhouse. It may, however, 
be identical with this "Cowhouse." 

764. Interior of a Stable with Sheep. With a goat and two dogs, 
which are playing. 

Mentioned by De Sonneville, p. 19. 

In the Fourestier collection, Bordeaux. 

Note. A " Stable with sheep and accessories " was a favourite subject of 
Hubert van Ravesteyn. He introduced in such pictures a view of the church 
at Dordrecht. These pictures of his are occasionally made to appear like works 
by Cuyp by treatment with yellow varnish. It is not impossible that some of 
the following pictures should be ascribed to Ravesteyn rather than to Cuyp. 

765. Interior of a Stable with Sheep. Sm. 78. A girl with a 
basket on her arm, and a youth with a crock on his shoulder. Behind 
them are four sheep ; above them a cock and several hens are roosting. 
On the ground are a milk-pan and other objects. [See note to 764.] 
[Possibly identical with 7680.] 

In the collection of Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 G6"3). 

766. Interior of an Outhouse with Sheep. Sm. 129. With fowls, 
figures, and utensils. On the left are four sheep ; beyond them are fowls, 
one of which is in a basket. [See note to 764.] 

Sale. Hart Davis, London, 1814 (53 : us., Woodburn). 



viz AELBERT CUYP 227 

766*. Interior of a Shed with Sheep. See Sm. 152. Four sheep 
are standing or lying down, with a young ass. In the foreground are a 
copper can, a basket, and accessories. [See note to 764.] 

Panel, 12 inches by 17^ inches. 

Sale, Amsterdam, July 19, 1826, No. u (850 florins, De Vries). 

Possibly the picture in the collection of the Right Hon. Sir Charles Bagot, 
K.B., 1834 (Sm.) ; though Sm. mentions a goat instead of an ass. [Compare 767]. 

767. Interior of a Shed with Sheep. Sm. 152. Four sheep and 
a goat. A brass milk-can lies in the foreground. " An early picture in 
the artist's finished manner" (Sm.). [See note to 764.] [Compare 
766*7.] 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, I2| inches by i6| inches. 

Possibly the picture in the collection of J. van der Linden van Slingeland, 
1752 (Hoet, ii. 496). 

Sales. Duke of Bedford, London, June 30, 1827 (.94 : ios.). 

(Probably) Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 15 (600 florins, Lamme). 

767*7. Four Sheep and a Goat. With a milk-can. 
Panel, 13^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Anonymous, following Benjamin West, London, March I 8, 1 898, 
No. 238 (14 : 145., Frickenhuis). 

768. Interior of a Barn with Sheep. Sm. 209. To the left is a 
pen with eight sheep ; a ninth lies down outside. On the ground are a 
basket and kitchen utensils. At the back of the pen, to the right, is a 
boy with a basket on his arm ; a second figure near him has been painted 
out. Through an open door behind him is seen the distant country. 
[See note to 764.] 

Panel, i6 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Emmerson, London, 1832 (.42). 

768<7. Interior of a Shed with Sheep. A peasant and a woman, 
sheep, a goat, and fowls. [See note to 764.] [Possibly identical with 765.] 
Panel, 16 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 
1 6, 1901, No. 71 (.52 : ios., Schwarz). 

768^. Sheep in a Stable. [See note to 764.] 

13! inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. London, June 20, 1903, No. 13. 

768^. Barn with Pigs and Men. 

I2| inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 24, 1815, No. 17 (14 florins, Pakker). 

769. A GREY HORSE IN A STABLE. It is in profile to 
the right, in front of the manger. On its back is a red saddle-cover. 
[Pendant to 770.] [Possibly identical with 786*7.] 

Panel, io| inches by 14^ inches. 

In the gallery of the Due d'Arenberg, Brussels, W. Btlrger's 1859 catalogue, 
No. 12. 



228 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

770. A BLACK HORSE IN A STABLE. It is in profile to 
the left. A boy, in red, with his back to the spectator, holds it by the 
bridle. [Pendant to 769.] 

Panel, loj inches by 14^ inches. 

In the gallery of the Due d'Arenberg, Brussels, W. Burger's 1859 catalogue, 
No. 13. 

771. TWO HORSES IN A STABLE. A dappled-grey and a 
bay, with the stable-lad. 

In the collection of the Duke of Leinster, Carton, Ireland. 

772. A GREY HORSE IN A STABLE. It stands in profile 
to the left, without a saddle. It is fastened by the reins to a manger on 
the left. Two dogs had been added on the left by a later hand, but were 
removed in restoration. 

Panel, 9 inches by 13! inches. 

Sales. Denant, Schloss Falkenburg collection, and others, Berlin, October 

28, 1903, No. 38 (605 marks, Platzer). 
Jonkheer de la Court and others, Amsterdam, September 21, 1904, 

No. 72 (280 florins, bought in). 
In the collection of C. Hofstede de Groot, The Hague. 

773. A Brown Horse in a Stable. Sm. 153. A good picture, 
but its attribution is doubtful. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 285). 

Sale. Duke of Bedford, London, June 30, 1827 (73 : los.) 

In the collection of the Duke of Bedford, London. 

774. A HORSE IN A STABLE. A dappled-grey horse stands 
in a stable ; it is tied to a post by the bridle. 

Signature almost obliterated ; panel, 7 inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. L. Bloch, Amsterdam, November 14, 1905, No. 12 (310 florins). 
In the collection of the late St. C. Michel, Mainz. 

775. INTERIOR OF A STABLE WITH TWO HORSES. 

Sm. 119. A horseman in brown holds two horses by the bridle. One of 
them, a fine dappled-grey, is saddled. Near the man stands a child in 
red, who seems to be speaking to him. Between them is a dog. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 12^ inches by 
17! inches. 

Exhibited at Utrecht, 1894, No. 283. 

In the collection of Madame Le Bas Courmont, Paris. 

Sales. De Sereville, Paris, January 21, 1812 (1020 francs). 

King William II., The Hague, September 9, 1851, No. 66 (1030 

florins, Brondgeest, probably for Prince Frederick). 
In the collection of Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, The Hague. 
In the collection of the Princess of Wied, Neuwied. 

776. A GREY HORSE IN A STABLE. Facing left. Fine 
lighting. 

Signed, A. C. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 229 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris ; sold as a whole to the 
London dealers Duveen Brothers, in the summer of 1907. 

777. A GREY HORSE IN A STABLE. A grey horse with 
a few brown spots stands facing right. On its back is a yellow saddle- 
cloth. Behind it stands a well-dressed man, facing the spectator. To 
the right, under a wooden manger, are two greyhounds, one of them 
brown, the other yellowish-white. 

Signed on the manger, A. C. ; panel, 8 inches by n inches. 

Exhibited by C. Sedelmeyer, the Paris dealer, 1901, No. 59. 
In the collection of the Marquise de Ganay, Paris, 1904. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

778. TWO GREY HORSES IN A STABLE. At the back 
is a stable-boy in red. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond. 

779. TWO DAPPLED-GREY HORSES IN A STABLE. 

The two horses stand close together. The left-hand one is seen almost 
from the left ; the other is seen more from the right, with its tail to the 
spectator. Behind it is a long-haired brown goat. In the right middle 
distance, partly hidden by the horse between two posts, stands a stable- 
boy ; he is in red with a grey hat, and has his back to the spectator. On 
a post to the right hangs a straw hat with a blue ribbon ; farther back 
are a broom and a wooden shovel. In the centre foreground, between 
the two horses, is a brown dog, facing the spectator. [Compare 785^.] 

Signed in white in the left-hand bottom corner ; panel, 12^ inches by 
1 6 inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. 16. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 55 (old 
No. 50). 

780. A DAPPLED- GREY HORSE IN A STABLE.- 

It faces right, and is held by a stable-boy in red. 

In the collection of M. Strauss, Vienna. 

780*. Interior of a Stable. Sm. 47. 
12 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart., London, May 29, 1794 (.15 : I 5 S 0- 

780^. Interior of a Stable. Sm. 117. A piebald horse with 
white legs. A saddle, a wooden shoe, and other objects in the fore- 
ground. 

Sale. Lebrun, Paris, April 15, 1811 (580 francs). 

781. A Dappled-Grey Horse in a Stable. It is in front of the 
manger. A soldier in Arab dress is giving it fodder. 

Panel, ii| inches by n inches. 

Sales. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. D 15. 



23 o AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

781*. A Grey Horse in a Stable. It is held by a man. Stable 
utensils. 

*. -Haarlem, September 23, 1811, No. 45. 

782. Interior of a Stable, with a Grey Horse. Sm. 121. 
The grey is held by a groom. A cock, two hens, and other accessories. 

Panel, 10 inches by 14^ inches. 

7/,._Solirene, Paris, March II, 1812 (361 francs). 

783. Interior of a Stable, with a Grey Horse. Sm. 127. 
A groom fills the manger with fodder. In the foreground are a basket 
and other accessories. 

Sale. Hart Davis, London, 1814 (44 : 2s., Power). 

784. Interior of a Stable, with a Black Horse. Sm. 128. 
A man is saddling the horse, while another holds it by the bridle. 

Sale. Hart Davis, London, 1814 (43 : is., Power). 

784*. A Stable, with a Saddled Horse. It is held by a groom. 
Panel, 9 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 19 (100 florins, 
Lamme). 

784^. Two Horses in a Stable. By Cuyp or in his manner. 
Sale. J. F. Sigault, Amsterdam, December 3, 1833, No. 337 (i florin, 
Anderson). 

784^. A Stable with a Grey Horse. A groom and stable utensils. 
Sale. Rotterdam, September 15, 1834, No. 54. 

785. A Grey Horse in a Stable. He is tied to a full manger. 
Panel, 9 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 46. 

785*7. A Stable with two Grey Horses. With a goat. A man 
goes out of the stable. [Compare 779.] 
Canvas, 13! inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. J. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 48. 

786. Two Horses in a Stable. One, a piebald, with a grey 
cloth over the neck, is being groomed by a man in a red jacket. The 
other horse is at the back. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 22^ inches by 30 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, December 20, 1841, No. 9. 

786*7. A White Horse with Brown Spots in a Stable. Sm. 

Suppl. 20. It stands in profile, with the reins attached to the manger. 
On its back is a yellow cloth. A truss of straw lies on the ground. 
[Possibly identical with 769.] 
Panel, n inches by 15 inches. 

In the collection of Peter Norton, London, 1842 (Sm.). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 231 

787. A Youth holding a Horse in a Stable. Sm. Suppl. 54. 
" An early work " (Sm.). 

Canvas, io| inches by 15^ inches. 

In the Boursault collection. 

In the collection of Edmund Higginson, Saltmarsh Castle, 1842 (Sm.) ; 
this collection was sold in London, June 4, 1846. 

788. A Horse in a Stable. A dun horse with a white mane, 
carrying a large saddle, is held by a groom in dark green. 

Panel, 9 inches by io inches. 

Sale. D. Vis Blokhuyzen of Rotterdam, Paris, April I, 1870, No. 13 
(500 francs). 

789. A Horse in a Stable. 

Signed ; panel, 13 inches by 18^ inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 44. 

In the collection of the Comtesse A. d'Ursel, Brussels, 1882. 

789*7. Interior of a Stable. A boy holds a grey horse by the 
bridle. To the right is a dog. 
Panel, 10 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson, Bart., and others, London, March 16, 
1901, No. 73 (44 : 2s - Wallis). 

790. A HORSE IN A STABLE. 

7900. A Stable. Two grooms, and black and white horses. 
Panel, 12 inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. London, April 7, 1902, No. 68. 

/9o/>. A Man on Horseback in a Stable. 

Panel, 17 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. London, December 20, 1906, No. 39. 

791. A BITCH WITH HER YOUNG. A black-and-white 
spotted bitch, life-size, crouches to the left with six puppies who are 
suckling or playing. To the left is a wall. 

Signed in full ; canvas, 33 inches by 40^ inches. 

Sale. Comte de Pourtales-Gorgier, Paris, March 27, 1865, No. 147. 
In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

791 tf. Two Dogs standing in a Landscape. 

33 inches by 41 inches. 

Sale. D. van Dijl, Amsterdam, January 10, 1814, No. 39 (5 florins 25). 

792. A Greyhound and a Bulldog. A man lies asleep at the 
back. Attributed to Cuyp. 

Signed and dated ; canvas, 40 inches by 45 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1 88 1, 
No. 45. 

In the collection of the Earl of Carnarvon, London, 1 88 1. 



232 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

793. A SPANIEL GNAWING A BONE. A little black-and- 
white spotted dog, with long hair, life-size, lies towards the left. He is 
busy gnawing a large bone which he holds in both fore-paws. The paws 
are indifferently drawn. Probably a youthful work. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, "A. CUYP : fecit" ; panel, 
I2 inches by i8 inches, 

In the possession of a Dutch dealer early in 1907. 

794. RABBITS IN THE DUNES. Two large and five little 
rabbits. To the right a pleasing distant view. The only local colour is 
yellow, but this is unusually bright, like the sky. In the right distance 
are two figures. A very early work. 

In the Palazzo Bianco, Genoa. 

795. THE POULTRY YARD. The cock stands on the left 
in front of a bush ; he faces right. On the right are six hens ; three in 
front are sitting, two stand behind them, and the sixth roosts on a trellis 
farther back. In the immediate foreground are some chickens. To the 
right is a large copper pot. 

Panel, 23 1 inches by 31 inches. 

In the collection of H. Pfungst, London. 

Sa/e. Jonkheer de la Court and others, Amsterdam, September 21, 1904, 

No. 71 (600 florins, Nottebohm). 
In the collection of Oskar Nottebohm, Antwerp. 

796. A COCK. He stands against a dark background. The 
picture is hung very high and cannot be properly seen, but the attribution 
to Cuyp appears to be possible. The straws in the foreground are painted 
in his manner. The colouring is strong. 

In the Neumann collection, Berlin, November 1901. 

797. A COCK AND TWO HENS IN A STABLE. An 

attractive picture. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 23! inches by 28 inches. 

In the possession of the Amsterdam dealer Goedhart. 
In the Dordrecht Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 13. 

798. THREE HENS. A very good picture of its kind. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

799. A WHITE HEN WITH NINE CHICKENS. In 

a clearing ; with a characteristic sunny landscape. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

800. A COCK WITH FIVE HENS. With chickens, in the 
open air. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, "A. Cuyp A 1651"; 
panel, 22 inches by 29^ inches. 

Purchased in England. 

In the collection of A. Bredius ; exhibited on loan since 1899 in the Royal 
Picture Gallery, The Hague, 1907 catalogue, No. 627. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 233 

80 1. Poultry in a Landscape. Two cocks and two hens are on 
a bank in the right foreground. To the left are cows, sheep, and two 
ducks. In the distance is a river with a town on the farther bank. 
Cloudy sky. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 44^ inches by 65^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1880, 
No. 60. 

In the collection of Earl Cawdor, London, 1880. 

802. POULTRY IN A LANDSCAPE. 

In the collection of H. Pfungst, London. 
In the collection of J. Hage, Nivaa. 

803. A COCK AND A HEN. The cock faces right; the hen 

faces left. A dark background. 
Panel, 23^ inches by 28 inches. 
In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

804. A COCK, HENS, AND DUCKS IN A LANDSCAPE. 

On the left a dark cock lies in profile to the right. Nearer, and to the 
right of it, are two hens. On a little bank to the right are three ducks ; 
the foremost stands in profile to the left and raises itself from the ground. 
In the distance is a river with a wooded bank and a town beyond. Warm 
evening sunlight. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, Cuyp ; panel, 5 inches by 
9^ inches. 

In the private collection of F. Kleinberger, Paris. 

805. A COCK AND TWO HENS. The cock, light-brown 
and white with a black tail, sits facing left. Behind him, farther left, is 
a black-and-white hen. To the right, seen almost from the back, is 
another black-and-white hen, also sitting, in a stable. 

Panel, i8| inches by 28 inches. 

In the Abraham collection, London. 

In the possession of the London dealer Sulley. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

806. A Cock and a Hen. Both are in profile ; they are close 
together, looking for corn in the open. In the left middle distance a 
woman, standing near a hedge, throws corn to some hens. In the distant 
landscape is a church tower. 

Signed, Cuyp ; panel, 20 inches by 25^ inches. 

In the collection of P. von Semeonoff, St. Petersburg, 1906 catalogue, 
No. 1 20*. 

807. A COCK AND A HEN. A cock, in profile to the right, 
lies on some straw. To the right, but farther back, is a hen, seen in three- 
quarter view with its head to the left. In the right foreground are a 
bundle of brushwood and three red stones. A dark-green background. 



234 



AELBERT CUYP SECT. 



Signed in white in the left-hand bottom corner, A : C. ; panel, 
22 inches by 28 inches. 

Sales. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, 

No. 602 (27 florins, Coders). 

G. J. van den Berg, Rotterdam, April 22, 1818, No. 185. 
In the collection of Jan van der Hoop, who bequeathed it to the Boymans 
Museum, 1859. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 57 (old No. 52). 

808. A Cock and a Hen in a Stable. Sm. 266. They are sitting 
on straw upon the ground. The hen, in profile to the left, is in front ; 
the cock is behind her, facing right. The 1886 catalogue described it as 
a copy after M. d' Hondecoeter, as Bayersdorfer thought the signature 
false. The 1905 catalogue is probably right in assigning it to Guy p. 

Signed in the left - hand bottom corner, " A : ciiyp " ; canvas, 
23! inches by 27^ inches. 

Sm. and Parthey (i. 271, 1863) mention a picture in the Munich Pina- 
kothek, the details and size (21^ inches by 25^ inches) of which agree fairly 
well with those in this picture. As no such picture is now at Munich, it is 
probable that the picture was transferred from Munich to Schleissheim after 
1863 ; or else there has been some mistake. 

Acquired under the Elector Karl Theodor. 

In the Picture Gallery at the Royal Palace, Schleissheim, 1905 catalogue, 
No. 906 (old No. 591). 

809. A COCK AND FOUR HENS. A black cock with head 
thrown back stands in profile to the left in the centre. In front of him 
to the left are three light-coloured hens ; a fourth, which is dark with a 
white head, lies in the foreground in profile to the right. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner, A. Cuyp ; canvas, 22 inches 
by 24 inches (in the frame). 

Acquired about 1850 or 1860 from Brasseur, Cologne. 
In the collection of Dr. Leopold Sticker, Cologne. 
In the collection of Emil Brandts, Wiesbaden. 

809*. A Cock reposing, and a Hen. 

21 inches by 25 J inches. 

Sales. C. van Hardenberg, Utrecht, September 20, 1802 (24 florins, 
bought in). 

Note. Pictures of a hen on a nest by Govert Camphuysen such, for 
example, as that of the Sellar sale, Paris, June 6, 1889, No. 14 and by 
Gijsbert d' Hondecoeter, such as that in the Martius collection at Kiel, are not 
seldom confused with similar pictures by Aelbert Cuyp. It is therefore 
possible that some of the following pictures are really by Camphuysen or 
G. d' Hondecoeter. 

809^. A Sitting Hen in a Basket. [See note to 809*.] 
Panel, 1 6 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Boymans, Utrecht, August 31, 1811, No. C. 25. 

809^ A Cock lying down, amidst several Hens. By Cuyp or in 
his manner. 



vn AELBERT CUYP 235 

Panel, 22 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. Luchtmans, Rotterdam, April 20, 1816, No. 35 (31 florins 25). 

8ogd. A Cock with Hens and Chickens. 

Panel, 2i inches by 38 inches. 

Sale. P. van der Santheuvel and J. van Stry, Dordrecht, April 24, 1816, 
No. 12. 

809*. A Cock with three Hens. 
Panel, 19 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. A. La Coste, Dordrecht, July 10, 1822, No. 12 (51 florins, 
Netscher). 

809/1 A Cock and a Hen. 

Panel, 23! inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April n, 1827, No. 29 (10 florins 5, Esser). 

809^. A Cock and Hens in the open. Near a hedge. With 
accessories. Fine colour. [Probably identical with 809;.] 
Panel, 36 inches by 35^ inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 4. 

809/2. A Cock and Hens in a Landscape. With plants and 
flowers. 
Canvas. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 2, 1829, No. 32 (9 florins 5, Esser). 

809*'. A Sitting Hen in her Nest. [See note to 809*.] 
Panel, 24^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. D. Teixeira, jun., The Hague, July 23, 1832, No. 16. 

809;'. A Cock and Hens in a Landscape. With fine accessories. 
[Probably identical with 809^.] 

Sale. Rotterdam, September 15, 1834, No. 56. 

8 10. A Cock and three Hens in a Landscape. Sm. 167. 

Beyond the poultry is an old fence. On the other side is a view over 
distant country. 

Panel, 15 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Comte Pourtales, London, 1826 (38 : 175.). 

In the collection of J. R. West, Stratford-on-Avon, 1834 (Sm.). 



. A Cock, a Hen, and Chickens. They are defending them- 
selves against a dog. 
Canvas. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 3, 1835, No. 14. 

8io. A Sitting Hen on her Nest. [See note to 809*.] 
Panel, i8| inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. The Hague, September 18, 1837, No. 39. 



236 AELBERT CUYP 



SECT. 



8 1 1. A Cock and four Hens. 
Canvas, 30^ inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. J. A. Topfer, Amsterdam, November 16, 1841, No. 127 (60 florins 50, 
Lamme). 

Sna. A Hen and Chickens. 

Panel, 14! inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 10, 1848, No. 10. 

Sub. A Hen-House. A cock stands beside two sitting hens. 

Canvas. 

In the Rinecker collection, Wurzburg, 1863 (Parthey, i. 721). 

Sue. Poultry by the Bank. A storm rising by the distance. 
Sale. Bryant, London, 1865 (74 : us., Flower). 

8 1 2. Poultry. A cock roosts in the centre on part of a butter-tub. 
To the left are two hens. A distant landscape under a cloudy sky. 
[Possibly identical with 814^.] 

Panel, 21 inches by 28 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1880, 
No. 48. 

Then in the collection of Charles Butler, London. 

813. Poultry. A cock and a hen crouch on the straw in a stable. 
Another hen stands behind them. 

Panel, 24 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sales. Cardinal Fesch, Rome, March 17, 1845, No. 57. 
London, July I, 1897, No. 105. 

813*. Poultry. 

Panel, i8| inches by 17^ inches. 

Sale. Paul Graham and others, London, July 23, 1898, No. 65. 

814. A Hen-House. In a barn-like interior a white hen sits on her 
nest near a stable-lantern lying on the ground ; to the left a mouse is 
nibbling some fodder. [See note to 809*7.] 

Panel, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Ittenbach, Cologne, Novembers, 1898, No. 1 8. 

8140. Poultry. 

Panel, 20 inches by 32 inches. 

Sale. Moore and others, London, December 16, 1899, No. 75- 

814^. Poultry by a River- Bank. 

Panel, 2o| inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Lady Page Turner and others, London, February 21, 1903, No. 92 
C37 = 1 6s.). 

814*:. Poultry. [Possibly identical with 812.] 
Panel, 22 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Mrs. M'Connell, London, July 18, 1903, No. 147 (15 : 155.). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 237 

815. POULTRY. One hen is attacked by an eagle. 
51 inches by 69^ inches. 

Sale. London, February 13, 1904, No. 102. 

816. A White Hen sitting in a Basket. [See note to 809*7.] 
Panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Sales. Rotterdam, May 6, 1868, No. 14 (145 florins, Suermondt). 
(Possibly) London, March 21, 1904, No. 59. 

817. AN OLD DUCK SITTING. Its head is turned to the 
right. Three eggs lie on some straw in front. To the left are inscribed 
the following verses, recounting the duck's history : 

Ik ben gebroet te Werkendam 

K'was jonck en goet, doen ick hier quam 

In Vogelenborch, sender te paeren 

Heb ick geleeft, wel twintich jaeren. 

Wei hondert eijers tsjaers geleyt 

Daerom ben ick geconterfeijt. 

Gebroocken beenen, toch out geneesen 

Gesondt en bont is nog myn weesen 

En als ick Sijethghen sterven sal 

Sov schryft hoe out en tjaergetal 

1647. 

Anno, vyftich dartich daeghen 

In October hoort men claeghen 

Seytchen doot dit is al waer 

Out zynde dreijentwintich jaer. 

1650. 

[" I was hatched at Werkendam. I was young and good when I came 
here into Bird-land. I have lived without pairing for some twenty years, 
and have laid some hundred eggs a year. It is on that account my portrait 
is painted. My broken bones have set, old as I am, and I am sound and 
healthy in body ; and if I, Sijethghen, die, let some one note my age, 
and the date 

1647. 

In the year 50, the 3Oth October, folk had to lament the death of 
Seytchen it is quite true at the age of twenty-three. 

1650."] 

Signed on the left, A. Cuyp ; panel. 

Sale. Delft, about 1895. 

In the collection of Jan Veth, Bussum. 

8 1 8. DUCKS ON A RIVER. Sm. 246. In the immediate 
foreground two ducks are swimming from opposite sides towards the 
centre, on a river, the bank of which, overgrown with bushes, fills the 
left of the picture. The farther bank with houses and a church tower is 
seen in the distance. In the left foreground, on the bank, are two other 
ducks. Above these, and in the middle distance, a mallard, widgeon, and 
teal, may be seen flying, with other aquatic birds. These are somewhat 
hard in treatment. A fine summer afternoon. 



238 AELBERT CUYP 



SECT. 



Canvas, 19! inches by 35! inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 21). 
In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford. 

In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, London, No. 86 ; it was there 
in 1834 (Sm.). 

819. Two Ducks. Life-size. On a marshland. Brown in tone 
and broad in treatment. 

Mentioned by W. Burger, Tresors a" Art en Angkterre, p. 271 ; he says it 
is " much better than Hondecoeter." 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 1000. 

Then in the collection of Edward Lloyd, Manchester. 

Note. Dr. A. Bredius, The Hague, has lent to the Royal Picture Gallery 
a picture of " Ducks in the Reeds," by Johannes Spruyt, which is related in 
style to these pictures by Cuyp. 

820. Two Swans swimming. In a wooded and hilly landscape. 
Canvas, 16 inches by 17 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, August 8, 1 804, No. 40 (3 florins). 

J. E. Grave and others, Amsterdam, May 5, 1806, No. 34. 

820*. An Eagle. 

Canvas, 27^ inches by 39^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 30, 1823, No. 51 (i florin 10). 

820^. Eagles fighting. 

Panel, 30 inches by 42 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, October 27, 1874, No. 21. 

J. C. C. D. W. de Mol, W. J. M. Engelberts, and others, Amsterdam, 
April 28, 1875, No. 9. 

820^. A large Owl. So-called "Grand Due," holding a white 
pigeon in its claws, in a landscape. By Cuyp or in his manner. 
Panel, 29! inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. W. G. van Klinkenberg and others, Amsterdam, March 6, 1843, 
No. 15 (10 florins, Kleytenaar). 

820^. A Dovecot. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 16, 1851, No. 295. 

821. Head of a Cow. A sketch. A black cow with a white head, 
facing left. The attribution to Cuyp is doubtful but not impossible. 

Canvas, 13 inches by 10 inches. 

In the Boymans collection, Utrecht. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 58 (old No. 53). 

82 la. Head of an Ox. Front view. 

Sale. J. Lauwers and others, Amsterdam, December 13, 1802, No. 220. 

821^. Head of a Sheep. Half-skinned, showing the entrails. 
20 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. D. van Dijl, Amsterdam, January 10, 1814, No. 40 (i florin 75). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 239 

822. Study of a Cow's Head. 

Canvas, 12^ inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May I, 1837, No. 121. 

8220. Study of the Heads of four Oxen. The attribution to 
Cuyp is uncertain. 
Signed, A. C. 

Sale. Mile. C. M. Drekman, Amsterdam, April 14, 1857, No. 163. 

822^. Head of an Ox. A fragment of a large picture. 
Canvas on panel, 8 inches by 9^ inches. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, William Euing bequest, 1908 catalogue, 
No. 250. 

823. The Breakfast-Table. On a table with a dark-green cloth 
are a wine-glass, a crab, a pigeon, an oyster, a roll, and a horn of salt. 
Dark background. The attribution to A. Cuyp is uncertain. 

The letters A. C. occur on the horn, but it is very doubtful whether 
they are to be taken as A. Cuyp's monogram ; panel, 14^ inches by n| 
inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (i. 720). 

In the Suermondt collection, Aachen, 1875 catalogue, No. 50. 

In the Royal Museum, Berlin, 1883 catalogue, No. 86 iF ; transferred, 
1884, to the Aachen Museum. 

In the Suermondt Museum, Aachen, 1884 (second) supplement to catalogue, 
No. 177. 

823*2. The Breakfast-Table. On the table are a jug, a glass, a 
herring on a plate, onions, a loaf, pipes and a charcoal pan. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 7, 1826, No. 30 (3 florins, Gruyter). 

823^. The Breakfast-Table. On a table partly covered with a 
white cloth is a pewter plate, containing a fish cut up into portions. 
Near it are a round loaf, a half-empty wine-glass, some onions, grapes, a 
Delft vase, and a knife with a mother-of-pearl handle. 

Panel, 2i inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. E. Ruelens of Brussels, Paris, April 17, 1883, No. 66. 

823^-. The Breakfast-Table. On a table with a cloth lies a smoked 
herring ; a bundle of onions is placed against a drinking-horn. 
Canvas, 16 inches by I2| inches. 
Sale. H. D. Roussel, Brussels, May 23, 1893, No. 43. 

824. PEACHES ON A BLUE PLATE. The catalogue 
merely says that it is attributed to A. Cuyp, but it is unquestionably a 
genuine work of his. In strength of colour it stands midway between 
the Backer picture (826) and the Boymans picture (829). 

Panel, 14^ inches by 17 inches. 

Given by Dr. Arnaud. 

In the Aix Museum, 1901 catalogue, No. 249. 



240 AELBERT CUYP sfccr. 

825. PEACHES AND GRAPES. In the background are 
leaves and two butterflies. The background is much damaged and 
repainted. 

Signed, A. C. ; panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

In the Municipal Museum, Amsterdam, Lopez Suasso bequest. 

826. A STILL-LIFE GROUP. On a table in the right fore- 
ground is a lobster on a blue plate. Behind it are a wine-jug, a tall wine- 
glass, and grapes. To the left are seven peaches, one of them on a 
metal plate. Farther away are mussels and a paper of pepper. In the 
right foreground is a watch. 

Signed on the left, A. C. ; panel, 30 inches by 50 inches. 

Exhibited at Amsterdam, 1867, No. 34 ; and in the Rembrandt Exhibition 
held by F. Mailer, the Amsterdam dealer, 1906, No. 27. 
In the collection of F. de Wildt, Amsterdam. 
In the collection of the Dowager Madame Backer, nie de Wildt, Amsterdam. 

827. A STILL-LIFE GROUP. Vegetables. 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London. 

828. PEACHES ON A TABLE. 

Signed, A. C. 

In the Leuchtenberg collection, St. Petersburg, 1886 catalogue, No. 125. 

829. FRUIT. On an oak table stands a blue china dish full of 
peaches. Behind it to the right are a bunch of white grapes, and a spray 
of peach. On the edge of the table to the right are cherries and cherry- 
leaves. To the left is a green currant-branch with leaves and fruit. 
Above it, to the left, is a butterfly. There are drops of water on the 
peaches and on the table. A dark grey background. 

Note. The catalogue of 1892 described this picture and the following as 
of the Dutch School, 1650-1700. The Backer picture (826), however, con- 
firms the attribution to A. Cuyp. Similar pictures, mostly signed with the 
monogram, occur at the Aachen Museum and elsewhere. The attributions to 
A. Coosemans, A. Calraet, and other artists with the same initials, are all 
wrong. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, A. C. ; panel, 14 inches by 
1 8 inches. 

In the Boymans collection, Utrecht. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 61 (old 
No. 124). 

830. FRUIT AND MUSSELS. To the left, on a grey stone 
plinth, five peaches and red and white grapes are heaped up. To the 
right white grapes lie amidst mussels. A fly on a peach is very naturally 
painted ; there are also three butterflies. The background is dark. [See 
note to 829.] This is certainly by Cuyp. 

Panel, 19^ inches by 24 inches. 

In the Boymans collection, Utrecht. 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 62 (old 
No. 125). 



vii AELBERT CUYP 241 

830*. Fruit. 

Panel, 25^ inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. Jacob Spex, The Hague, May 21, 1777, No. 159 (i florin 18). 

830^. Peaches and Grapes. With their leaves on a grey stone. 
Some insects. Fine chiaroscuro. 
Panel. 

Sale. Antwerp, May 12, 1806, No. 57. 

830^-. Fruit. A very fine picture. 
Panel, 23! inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. H. van der Heuvel and J. Hackefort, Rotterdam, April 18, 1816, 
No. 30 (55 florins, Netscher). 

831. Peaches and other Fruits. Warm and robust in tone. 
Panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. P. de Heere de Holy, Rotterdam, August 31, 1824, No. 30 (20 
florins, Lamme). 

831*7. Fruit. 

Sale. G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 206 (i florin 10, 
Dieken). 

831^. Peaches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April n, 1827, No. 181 (8 florins). 

831-:. Fruit. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 176. 

831^. Fruit. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 105 (7 florins 15). 

832. Fruit. Sm. 272. Six peaches, a cut melon, a few bunches of 
cherries and filberts, and a quantity of grapes, grouped on a table. 
[Pendant to 833.] "Although the signature of the artist is not found on 
these pictures, the astonishing brilliancy of the colouring, together with 
the breadth of light and shade and masterly execution, are amply sufficient 
to denote the mind and hand of the painter " (Sm.). 

Panel, 23 inches by 2o inches. 

In the possession of the London dealers Smart, 1834 (Sm. ; then priced at 
$2 the pair). 

833. Fruit. Sm. 273. On a table partly covered with a dark cloth 
is a dish of ten fine peaches. There are also clusters of gooseberries and 
currants on their branches ; on the farther side of the dish, bunches of 
grapes are piled up. [Pendant to 832.] 

Panel, 23 inches by 20^ inches. 

In the possession of the London dealers Smart, 1834 (Sm. ; then priced at 
52 the pair). 

VOL. II R 



242 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

833*7. Peaches and Grapes on a Table. 

Panel, 14 inches by 17^ inches. 

S^.Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May i, 1837, No. izo. 

833^. Two Fruit Pieces. By Cuyp or in his manner. 
Sale. Jonkheer F. van Harencarpsel Eckhardt and others, Amsterdam, 
August 15 1842, No. 283 (i florin, B. Berg). 

833^. A Still-life Piece. On a marble slab, partly covered with a 
fringed velvet cloth, stands a china dish full of nuts, with two oranges, 
one of them cut, a little jug, a fluted glass, and a knife. The attribution 
to Cuyp is doubtful. 

Signed, A. C. ; canvas, 27 inches by 22| inches. 

Sale. Jonkheer V. L. Vegelin van Claerbergen, Leeuwarden, April 6, 1 846, 
No. 29. 

834. Fruit. On a table are a silver dish of peaches, grapes, a cut 
melon, and other things. Well and vigorously painted. 

Panel, 20 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. P. C. G. Poelman and others, Amsterdam, July 14, 1846, No. 92. 

834*7. Fruit and other Things on a Dish. 
Signed, A. C. 

Sale. Jonkheer E. J. de Court van Valkenswaard, Dordrecht, April 12, 
1847, No. 211 (2 florins 5, Ysbergen). 

835. Fruit. On a round table is a basket of grapes and apples, with 
other fruit. Broad and vigorous in style. 

Panel, 22 inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Antwerp, November 3, 1851, No. 35. 

8350. Fruit. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. M. Wolf, Berlin, May 25, 1857, No. 33. 

836. Peaches. In a Japanese porcelain bowl on a table. Butterflies 
and a bee are flying about. To the left is a bunch of white grapes. 

Signed on the table-edge, A. C. ; panel, 17 inches by 24 inches. 
Sale. H. de Kat, Paris, May 2, 1866, No. 21 (660 francs). 

836*7. Peaches and Grapes on a Table. 

Canvas, 28 inches by 20^ inches. 
Sale. Rotterdam, May 6, 1868, No. 16. 

837. Peaches. In a Delft china dish on a table, with a bunch of 
grapes and filberts. An insect is on a peach. A butterfly flutters round 
the grapes to the right. A very fine picture. 

Panel, 18 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Prince Paul Galitzin, Paris, March 10, 1875, No. 31. 

837*7. Peaches and Grapes on a Stone Table. 



vii AELBERT CUYP 243 

Signed ; panel, 18 inches by 15 inches. 

In the Hodgson Dedel collection, Amsterdam. 

Sale. Neville D. Goldsmid of The Hague, Paris, May 4, 1876, No. 24. 

837^. Black Grapes. In a basket on a table. 
Signed ; panel, 18 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Neville D. Goldsmid of The Hague, Paris, May 4, 1876, No. 25. 

837*-. Fruit. White grapes, peaches, plums, cherries, a Venetian glass, 
a goblet, and a silver dish are grouped on a table with a green cloth. The 
attribution to Cuyp is very doubtful. Possibly this is by Van Beyeren. 
It is fine in colour but sketchy. 

Panel, 1 2 inches by 1 2 inches. 

Sale. d'Isendoorn a Blois de Cannenburg, Amsterdam, August 19, 1879, 
No. 9 (325 florins, Roos). 

838. Peaches. On a table, with peach sprays and a vine tendril. 
Panel, 18 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, March 9, 1881, No. 252. 

839. A Partridge hanging up. 

Panel, 16^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sales. C. Backer, Leyden, August 16, 1775, No. 57 (2 florins, Delfos). 
(Possibly) J. v. d. H., Leyden, September 1 1, 1776, No. 127. 
(Possibly) Rotterdam, April 26, 1830, No. 18 (10 florins, Lamme). 

839*. A Partridge hanging from a Nail. 

Copper, 1 6 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. P. J. F. Vrancken, Lokeren, 1838, No. 8 (300 florins, Smith). 

839^. Dead Fowl. A dead cock, plucked, and a dish of lemons on a 
table, with other accessories. 

Panel, 29^ inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 20, 1841, No. 25 (3 florins 75, Weimar). 

839^ Dead Birds. By A. Cuyp or Fabritius ? 
Panel, 18 inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 30, 1874, No. 17. 

839^. A Hunting Piece. 

In the Liechtenstein Gallery, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, i. 720). 

840. Fresh-water Fish on a Table. A copper jug and a dish of 
salmon which a cat is eating. 

Signed, " A. C. 1655," which probably points to A. Cuyp's authorship ; 
canvas, 37 inches by 45 inches. 

Sale. A. Bout van Lieshout and W. Tornbury, The Hague, May 3, 1797, 
No. 42 (i florin, Caree). 

8400. Fish. 

Sale. G. Kamermans, Rotterdam, October 3, 1825, No. 153 (6 florins 10, 
Esser). 



244 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

840^. Fish. A thornback, a cut-up salmon, and other things. 
Sale.M * * *, Paris, March 26, 1866, No. 83. 

840<r. Fresh-water Fish. 

Signed j panel, 24 inches by 30 inches. 

^.Rotterdam, May 6, 1868, No. 15. 

840^. A Still-life Piece. In the middle of a stone table a large carp 
and a knife lie in front of a little tub ; to the left are a pack of cards and 
some onions, to the right is a glass. On the table are some drops of water. 
A warm golden brown in tone. 

Signed at foot, "Cuijp-fc" ; canvas, 16 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. The brothers Bourgeois, Cologne, October 27, 1904, No. 14. 

841. A Vanity. 

Panel, 22 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. J. Nauta, widow of E. van Drielst, Amsterdam, April 12, 1842, No. 73. 

841*7. Vanity. On a table with a blue velvet cover are a fire-gilt 
silver vase and a sand-glass with a skull on a music-book. 

Sale. Heris of Brussels, Paris, April 19, 1856, No. 10 (80 francs). 

842. A Still-life Piece ; a Cottage Interior. 

Panel, 6 inches by j\ inches. 

Sale. Utrecht, April 22, 1811, No. 61. 

842*7. A Still-life Piece. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 2, 1829, No. 26 (3 florins, Gruyter). 

842^. A Still-life Piece. 

Canvas, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. Nauta, widow of E. van Drielst, Amsterdam, April 12, 1842, No. 74. 

842^. A Still-life Piece. 

Sale. Rotterdam, October 1 8, 1843, No. 86 (8 florins 75, Nicoliez). 

842^ A Still-life Piece. 
Signed ; 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Burrell, London, June 12, 1897, No. 13. 

842* A Still-life Piece. 

Sale. Stchoukine, Berlin, April 9, 1907, No. 13 (185 marks). 



NOTE. The following pictures came to the translator's knowledge too 
late for the descriptions to be inserted in the body of the catalogue. The 
numbers which would have been prefixed are, however, given for con- 
venience of reference to pictures of similar subjects. 

193*7. A Shepherd and his Flock. Replica of 193. 
Panel, 2o inches by 30 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

195*7. Two Cows in a Landscape. Amid rocks and cascades, a 



vii AELBERT CUYP 245 

brown cow is lying down. The head of a black-and-white cow is seen on 
the left. 

Signed, A. Cuyp ; panel, 9 inches by il\ inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 

315*7. Two Cows in a Riverside Pasture. A reddish-brown cow 
lies facing the spectator. Behind it lies a white cow facing left. Beyond 
the river in the middle is a town. Golden sky ; grey and white clouds. 

Signed on the right at foot, A. Cuyp ; panel, 13 inches by iy inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger, 1908. 

535^. A View of Utrecht ; a Horseman at an Inn. In the 

left foreground a horseman and a man on foot are in front of the corner of 
a house. In the centre a man and a boy push a wheelbarrow with two 
casks ; in front is a tree stump. In the middle distance is a group of 
pinkish-grey houses with two church towers against a silvery-grey stormy 
sky. Near the horses are figures. In the manner of Van Goyen. 

Panel, 19^ inches by 25^ inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 

592^. The Watering-Place. A horse and dogs drink at a stream 
in front. The rider in broad hat and red coat points with his left hand 
to a lad who beats a prancing white horse. Beyond, a lady on a dark 
horse talks to a sportsman leaning on his gun. At the back are other 
figures and dogs ; a man rides a white horse up a steep road. On the left 
is a rocky, wooded hill ; on the right an open landscape with distant hills. 
Bright sunset light. 

Signed, " A. cttyp fecit" ; panel, 21 inches by 28 inches. 

Purchased in 1908 from an old French collection. 

In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London. 

633*7. Fishing-Boats in a Stiff Breeze. In the centre foreground 
a smack with three men is putting to sea ; the stern flag trails in the 
wind. In the right foreground is a man in a rowing-boat. In the left 
middle distance is another sailing-boat. In the distance is a village amid 
trees on the river-bank. Beyond are two boats. Greyish-gold in tone. 
Reminiscent of Van Goyen. [Compare the Wallace pictures 639, 640.] 

Panel, io| inches by i8| inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 

6jgaa. On the Beach at Scheveningen. In the right foreground 
are a woman with a basket on her head, two persons in a cart with a grey 
horse, and a horseman in a red coat. In the centre foreground eight 
persons in a waggon with two horses drive down the slope, near a horse- 
man and two men with five dogs. In the left foreground are a man in a 
red cap reclining, a man and a woman carrying baskets, and a man seated 
near three dogs. In the right middle distance are a church and houses 
near a hill, and to the left are figures. Beyond is the sea with boats. 
Grey, cloudy sky. An earlier version of Lord Ridley's picture (679) ? 

Signed on the right, A. Cuyp ; panel, 25! inches by 38 inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 



246 AELBERT CUYP SECT. 

8 1 60. A Sitting Hen in a Nest. The nest is of plaited straw. To 
the right is a terra-cotta bowl of water, with a wooden grating behind it. 
To the left are a feather and a piece of wood. The light gleams through 
a crack in the left background. 

Signed on the wood, A. Cuyp ; panel, 19^ inches by 24 inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 

8 1 bb. A Sitting Hen in a Nest. 

Signed on the left at foot, A. C. ; panel, 23^ inches by 18 inches. 

In the collection of Arthur Kay, Glasgow. 



A CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX TO THE PICTURES 
THAT BEAR DATES OR CAN BE DATED 

1630. 1 140. Portrait of a Lady. Pereire sale, Paris, 1872. 

1 635.2 141/7. Portrait of a Young Lady. Bosch sale, Vienna, 1885. 
i638. 8 i6ia. Two Children. Ritterich collection, Leipzig, 1863. 

1639. 154*. A Girl in White. Buckley sale, London, 1901. 
155^. Portrait of a Girl. Menke sale, Brussels, 1904. 

362. Cows and Sheep in a Riverside Pasture. Besanfon Museum. 

1640. 154^ Portrait of a Girl. Wasimski sale, Frankfort, 1901. 
670/7. River Landscape. Moll sale, Cologne, 1886. 

1642. 122. Portrait of a Gentleman. Paley sale, London, 1900. 
129. Portrait of a Little Boy. Douai Museum. 

1643. 154. Portrait of a Young Girl. Clave'-Bouhaben sale, Cologne, 1894. 
669. Shipping on a River. W. A. Hankey, Bcaulieu, Hastings, 1885. 

1646. 86. Portrait of Andreas Colvius. Engraved by Savry. 

1647. 124^. Portrait of a Young Man. Talleyrand-Perigord sale, London, 1904. 
142^. Portrait of a Lady. Arthur Sanderson sale, London, 1908. 

817. An Old Duck. Jan Veth, Bussum. 

1649. 109. Portrait of a Man of Rank. National Gallery, London. 
128. Portrait of a Boy hawking. Madame Backer, Amsterdam. 
126. An Old Man in Black. Sedelmeyer sale, Paris, 1907 (doubtful). 

1651. 800. A Cock and Five Hens. A. Bredius, The Hague. 

1652. 1 10/7. Portrait of a Man. J. H. Standen, London. 

1654. 105. Half-length Portrait of a Man. Dordrecht Museum. 
135. Half-length Portrait of a Woman. Dordrecht Museum. 

410*. Cattle being driven. Dresden Gallery in 1834 ; not now there. 

1655. 136. Portrait of a Lady. F. Bischoffsheim, Paris. 

150. Portrait of a Little Girl. Cardinal Fesch sale, Rome, 1845. 
840. Fresh-water Fish. Bout van Lieshout sale, The Hague, 1797. 
1671. 133/7. Portrait of a boy. Rome sale, London, 1907. 

1 If the date is correct, this cannot be by Aelbert Cuyp. 
2 Probably not by A. Cuyp. If the date is correct, this is probably by J. G. Cuyp. 



VII 



AELBERT CUYP 



247 



A COMPARATIVE TABLE 



ENABLING THE READER TO IDENTIFY IN THIS CATALOGUE THE 
PICTURES ENUMERATED IN SMITH'S CATALOGUE 

The number in the first column of a picture described in Smith's Catalogue, 
Vol. IV. (1834) or Smith's Supplement (1842) corresponds in this catalogue to 
the number given in the second or third columns respectively. 

Thus if the reader desires to find Sm. 15, he must look for 15 in the first 
column and then notice the corresponding number in the second column headed 
"Sm." namely, 719. Thus, Sm. i5=HdG. 719. 





Sm. 


Sm. Suppl. 




Sm. 


Sm. Suppl. 




Sm. 


I 


649 


563 


35* 


10 




70 


= Sm. 21 


2 


652 


645 


36 


12 


626 


7i 


723 


3 


738 


379 


37 


6 5 I 


552 


72 


435 


4 


229 


395 


38 


726 


534 


73 


2OI 


5 


446* 


39 6 


39 


34 


213 


74 


318 


6 


317 


644 


40 


448*7 


45i 


75 


2O3 


7 


325 


= Sm. 236 


4i 


236 


159 


76 


238/2 


8 


231 


= Sm. 71 


42 


736 


= Sm. 258 


77 


239 


9 


473* 


= Sm. 21 


43 


= Sm. 7 


574 


78 


765 


10 


43o 


= Sm. 24 


44 


619 


36^ 


79 


240 


ii 


448 


406 


45 


235' 


327 


80 


330 


12 


30 


457 


46 


237 


654 


81 


315 


13 


36 


= Sm. 66 


47 


780* 


= Sm. 138 


82 


7I2 


14 


650 


See 263 


48 


235^ 


= Sm. 177 


83 


467 


15 


719 


= Sm. 194 


49 


235' 


81 


84 


358 


16 


246 


270 


5o 


566* 


384 


85 


727 


17 


526 


= Sm. 199 


5i 


567 


376 


86 


241*7 


18 


491 


77 


52 


426 


= Sm. 187 


87 


244 


'9 


737 


502 


53 


760 


533 


88 


245 


20 


454 


786* 


54 


345 


787 


89 


658 


21 


367 


698 


55 


354 


= Sm. 149 


90 


4IO 


22 


432 


26 


56 


355 


= Sm. 27 


9i 


437 


23 


495 


= Sm. 115 


57 


39 s 


61 


92 


425 


24 


640 


= Sm. 145 


58 


235/ 


530^ 


93 


424 


25 


639 


= Sm. 165 


59 


236* 


374 


94 


259 


26 


739 


= Sm. 179 


60 


237' 


... 


95 


448*7' 


27 


465 


291 


61 


399 


... 


96 


657 


28 


605 


= Sm. 130 


62 


170 


... 


97 


679 


2 9 


450 


= Sm. 193 


63 


237/ 




98 


28 


30 


27 


= Sm. 210 


64 


237^ 


... 


99 


247 


31 


39 


= Sm. 215 


65 


237' 




IOO 


242 


32 


234 


473 


66 


527 


... 


101 


653 


33 


380* 


510 


67 


490 


... 


102 


427 


34 


418 


= Sm. 230 


68 


"3 


... 


IO2* 


448*: 


35 


lob 


458 


69 


335 


... 


103 


35 



AELBERT CUYP 



SECT. VII 





Sm. 




Sm. 




Sm. 




Sm. 


104 


2 45" 


149 


206 


191 


509 


236 


5 


105 


477 


150 


6l 7 


192 


596 


237 


599 


1 06 


407 


iS 1 


72 


193 


631 


238 


i37 


107 


624* 


152 


767 


194 


452 


239 


423 


1 08 


343 


152* 


766/7 


^95 


1 86 


240 


264 


109 


342 


i53 


773 


196 


19 


241 


55 


no 


246^ 


54 


65 


197 


392 


242 


200 


III 


246^ 


55 


627 


198 


349 


243 


37 


112 


549 


156 


468 


199 


394 


244 


488 


"3 


337 


i57 


43 


200 


34 


245 


500 


114 


402 


158 


359 


2OI 


659' 


246 


818 


115 


1 68 


!59 


34 


2O2 


202 


247 


637 


116 


53 


1 60 


600 


203 


263 


248 


183 


117 


780** 


1 60* 


593 


204 


489 


249 


612 


118 


176 


161 


733 


205 


208 


250 


73 


119 


775 


162 


310 


206 


116 


251 


529 


120 


438 


163 


395 


2O7 


227 


252 


414 


121 


782 


164 


39^ 


208 


= Sm. 109 


253 


326 


122 


198 


165 


1 80 


209 


768 


254 


405 


123 


401 


1 66 


763 


210 


560 


255 


659 


124 


74 


167 


810 


211 


512 


256 


37 


125 


339 


1 68 


525 


212 


744 


257 


528 


126 


419 


169 


98 


213 


506 


258 


3i9 


127 


783 


170 


39 


2I 4 


422 


259 


332 


128 


784 


171 


641 


215 


585 


260 


'74 


129 


766 


172 


724 


216 


3i 


261 


434 


I3O 


436 


173 


209 


217 


573 


262 


446 


131 


546 


74 


616 


218 


537 


263 


652-2 


132 


409 


75 


= Sm. 25 


219 


53i 


264 


433 


133 


747, 748 


176 


109 


22O 


580 


265 


24 


^34 


172 


177 


618 


221 


420 


266 


808 


135 


267 


178 


50 


222 


393 


267 


558 


136 


218 


179 


363 


223 


205 


268 


70 


137 


655 


1 80 


302 


224 


3* 


269 


713 


138 


4i5 


181 


175 


225 


369 


270 


539 


139 


521^ 


182 


73 


226 


329 


271 


55 


I4O 


480 


183 


230 


227 


501 


272 


832 


HI 


193 


184 


762 


228 


646 


273 


833 


142 


338 


185 


497 


229 


507 


274 


248* 


H3 


249 


186 


449 


230 


621 


275 


486 


144 


522 


187 


164 


231 


378 


276 


487 


H5 


25 


188 


164 


232 


410^ 


277 


372 


146 


523 


189 


= Sm. 130 


233 


449' 


278 


272 


H7 


260 


189* 


448* 


234 


262 


279 


74 


148 


5*5* 


190 


261 


235 


59 


280 


184 



SECTION VIII 



PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



PHILIPS WOUWERMAN was baptized at Haarlem, May 24, 1619. He 
was the son of Paulus Joosten Wouwerman, also a painter, whose works, 
however, have not come down to us. 

He is said to have received his first lessons from his father. Then he 
became a pupil of Frans Hals, according to the credible statement of 
De Bie. Finally, he is said to have perfected himself in his favourite 
study under the direction of Pieter Verbeeck of Haarlem, a painter of 
horses. In order to marry the girl of his choice, who was a Catholic 
while he himself belonged to a Protestant family, he ran away with her to 
Hamburg ; he was then nineteen, in 1638. At Hamburg he worked for 
some time with Evert Decker, a painter who is not known in any other 
connection. He must have soon returned home, for on September 14, 
1640, he was summoned by the guild authorities to fulfil his obligations 
as a member. It may be inferred that he had again taken up residence in 
the town some time before, but had delayed giving formal notice of the 
fact to the guild. 

In the years immediately following he is repeatedly mentioned as 
living in Haarlem. From November 1641 to February 1642, Koert 
Witholt was his pupil. In April 1643 a child of his was buried. In 
1645 he was commissary of the guild, although only twenty-six. About 
this time begin the genuine dates on his pictures. But there is little 
more documentary evidence about his life, except a casual mention of a 
pupil of his in 1656, up to the date of his burial, May 23, 1668. 
Wouwerman must have had, beside the child already referred to, at least 
one son, whose children are mentioned in 1718, as well as a daughter 
Ludovica ; to this daughter, on her marriage at Amsterdam in 1672 to 
Hendrik de Fromentiou, court painter to the Elector of Brandenburg, 
Wouwerman was able to give a dowry of 20,000 florins. Houbraken is 
probably right in regarding this as a proof of Wouwerman's worldly 
prosperity. 

One of the most important questions that must be answered in order 
to form a correct estimate of Wouwerman's artistic development is this : 
Did he, besides his romantic escapade across the sea to Hamburg, make 

249 



250 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

other journeys abroad, or was his art wholly rooted in his native soil ? 
The known facts of his life seem to leave little opportunity for such 
journeys, if one considers the time that travel for the purpose of study 
usually consumed in those days. He was married in 1638 ; he is men- 
tioned as resident at Haarlem with his young wife and little children in 
the years 1640-43 and 1645. It is improbable then that he had left 
them alone at Haarlem for any long period. On the other hand, several 
features of his work suggest that he had lived abroad. 

In the first place, he obviously has a personal knowledge of mountain 
scenery not merely that of broad river valleys bounded by hills, as may 
be seen, for instance, in the neighbourhood of Cleve and Emmerich, but 
also that of steep rocks, deep gorges, and mountain torrents, which often 
occur in his early pictures. Later he delighted to introduce mountains, 
to enliven the horizon of landscapes which in other respects are thoroughly 
Dutch. 

Again, in Holland, he could not have learned with his own eyes to 
paint scenes of warfare, as he so often does. The last time when hostile 
troops trod Dutch soil during his life was in the unsuccessful attack on 
the Veluwe, during the siege of 'S Hertogenbosch, 1629. He must have 
accompanied the States' troops in their campaigns in the border lands, in 
order to observe camp-life. The country was at peace from 1646, 
roughly, to shortly before Wouwerman's death. 

Even the peaceful scenes which Wouwerman painted do not accord 
with what is otherwise known of the middle-class Holland of that time. 
This is certainly the case with the stage upon which he arranged these 
scenes the magnificent palaces and country-houses with their spacious 
and elegant terraces, their great fountains, their wealth of statues, whether 
antique or not. Where shall we find their like in the numerous publica- 
tions dealing with Dutch country-houses and gardens ? Where shall we 
see anything remotely resembling them in the other representations of 
Dutch country life at that time ? 

It is possible that stag-hunts were still kept up in Holland, as well as 
coursing and hawking. But there was certainly no hunting of the wild 
boar and the wolf, such as Wouwerman depicts. 

Lastly, there are echoes of Italy and the antique. Here is a plausible 
imitation of the Ponte Mollo; there, again, are some fragments of ancient 
columns. Here is an Italian wine-shop with cypresses ; there, again, are 
the ruined arches of an aqueduct in the Campagna. 

All things considered, the foreign motives in Wouwerman's pictures 
seem too numerous for one not to assume that he had visited Italy, 
that he had at least studied the life and pursuits of the French aristocracy 
at first hand. 

From the first, biographers have been content to ascribe much of the 
foreign element in Wouwerman's art to Pieter van Laer and his influence. 
Houbraken went so far as to assert on the strength of calumnious state- 
ments made to him by Haarlem painters whom he names that Wouwer- 
man worked after sketches and drawings by Van Laer. It is scarcely 
worth while to refute this assertion. Between the genuine though not 
very numerous pictures of Van Laer and the youthful works of Wouwerman 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 251 

there is but a very slight connection. Most of Wouwerman's pictures are 
distinguished by a vivid and delicately harmonised colouring, in which the 
succulent green of the foliage is strongly contrasted with the local colour 
of the costumes, the animals and the buildings, while these are all relieved 
against a clear white sky. The white spot, which later is regularly 
formed by a white horse, 1 is not so inevitable a feature of the early works. 
Often there are no horses in these pictures. In Wouwerman's maturity 
his landscapes are for the most part secondary to his figures. The com- 
positions become more complete, the groups more numerous. Large 
companies of horsemen riding out to hunt or returning home, battle 
pieces, or crowded fairs take the place of the simpler groups of the early 
period. There is a noticeable tendency to give prominence to the doings 
of the upper classes rather than to the life of the people. The landscape, 
in which the episodes occur, becomes more spacious, and extends away 
into a light bluish-grey distance. Still Wouwerman, even in this period, 
painted some landscapes, mostly small in size. If one is inclined to 
regard Wouwerman primarily as the brilliant draughtsman and story-teller, 
these landscapes in which the figures are merely incidental if not almost 
entirely disregarded show him as a painter pure and simple. In the 
themes that he selected, the views of the dunes and the coast or the winter 
scenes, he restricted himself most narrowly to his native Haarlem district 
or its immediate neighbourhood. These pictures must be ranked among 
the choicest pearls of Dutch art. 

Those pictures by Wouwerman in which the contrasts between light 
and dark, sunlight and shadow, have become accentuated by time, in which 
storm-clouds or gunpowder smoke form an unpleasant dark smudge, and 
in which through the action of the oak panel the thin coats of paint have 
been worn away, belong to the master's later period if, that is, one may 
speak of the later period of a painter who died at forty-eight or forty-nine. 

The style of the signature enables one to date the pictures within 
wide limits. As a rule, one variant of the monogram used by Philips 
Wouwerman (composed of P, H, and W, linked) only occurs in the early 
works. However, the " full monogram " (composed of PHILS taken 
together and W) needs to be used with more care. All the late pictures 
have it, but it also occurs occasionally in the works of the early period. 

It is not easy to understand how an artist, whose working life lasted 
only thirty years probably from 1638 to 1668, though there are no 
pictures with genuine dates for the early years of this period could have 
produced such an immense mass of work as Wouwerman left. One has 
to notice in this connection not only the number of his pictures but also 
their comprehensive character, their rich composition, and their variety. 
Wouwerman must have been extraordinarily facile and incredibly in- 
dustrious. 

Houbraken recognised this and gave an appreciative estimate of his 
work, in which he emphasised both the multiplicity of Wouwerman's 
themes and the variety which he imparted to his treatment of the same 

1 The white horse is almost always taken as a special sign of Wouwerman's authorship. It 
might with more reason be taken as a trade-mark of Isack van Ostade, who was dead by 1649 j 
in his landscape subjects he is much more consistent in introducing a white horse. 



252 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

subject a variety that is illustrated not merely in the principal feature but 
also in the accessories. One sees at a glance what every figure, however 
small, is doing ; one sees too that every detail is studied from life. 
Houbraken gives special praise to his battle-pieces and robber-scenes for 
the different emotions that they suggest bravery or cowardice, pain and 
the fear of death. 

In his colouring Wouwerman was careful to make his light and shade 
contrast with each other, and in large masses, instead of in scattered 
patches which would have produced a restless effect. He blended his 
colours well, and laid on his paint in a flowing and vivid style. His 
pictures seem to have come on to the panel without the slightest difficulty, 
and the perspectives are taken from nature. 

In modern times Dr. Bode has been especially judicious in pointing 
out the artistic merits of Wouwerman, in his work on the Schwerin 
Gallery (pp. 122, seq.} and in his Rembrandt and his Contemporaries (pp. 
195, seq.}. Dr. Bode while admitting his weakness rightly calls him 
one of the ablest and most original painters of the whole Dutch School. 
The really amazing popularity which the pictures of Philips Wouwerman 
enjoyed in the eighteenth century, is attested by the fact, among others, 
that J. Moyreau published a series of eighty -nine engravings after 
Wouwerman, in a large folio. Later, a new edition of the work appeared, 
with roo engravings. 

Both the brothers of Philips, namely, Pieter and Jan Wouwerman, 
were also painters. Pieter was the more prolific, but was dependent on 
his more highly gifted brother. Jan, who died young, was more of a 
landscape painter in the style of the other great Haarlem landscape artists. 
There must also have been another Pieter, son of Paulus Joosten 
Wouwerman probably the child of one of his first two marriages ; he 
died in 1643 at Paris. 

Wouwerman collaborated in other men's pictures. He introduced 
attractive figures into landscapes by Ruisdael and Cornelis Decker, and 
especially by Jan Wijnants. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 253 

PUPILS AND IMITATORS OF 
PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 

Wouwerman's two well-known brothers, Pieter (1623-1682) and Jan 
(1629-1666), have been mentioned above, as well as his wholly unknown 
step-brother Pieter, and nothing more need be said of them. 

Of the painters who are recorded to have been pupils of Wouwerman, 
some are only known by name. No existing works can be traced to 
KOORT WITHOLT or JACOB WARNARS, who were with Wouwerman in 

1642, or to ANTHONIS DE HAEN, who was with him in 1656. A fourth 
pupil, NICOLAES FICKE, who studied under him in 1642, is known only 
as an etcher and not as a painter. His print, signed in full and dated 

1643, of a tethered horse facing right, shows that he did good work in 
the style of his master. It would not be surprising if sooner or later some 
oil-paintings were recognised as his. 

A third group of artists who are stated to have been Wouwerman's 
pupils diverged into other paths after their studies were ended. These 
included the two Germans JACOB WEIER, who flourished about 1670, 
and MATTHIAS SCHEITS (about 1640-1700?); and the Dutchmen 
BAREND GAEL (born about 1620 and still alive in 1687), and EMANUEL 
MURANT (1622- about 1700). Gael painted almost exclusively inns 
under tall trees by the roadside with accessories, among which a grey 
horse is almost always prominent, and he may thus be regarded as an 
artist of very limited invention. Murant, however, in his village street 
scenes, shows only very faint signs of Wouwerman's influence, which can 
be traced not in his figures, but for the most part, and even then only 
in exceptional cases, in his vaporous distances. In the architectural 
passages, mostly very strong in tone, Murant practises a minuteness of 
detail and a neatness of handling which mark him out as a forerunner of 
Jan van der Heyden. WILLEM SCHELLINKS (about 1627-1678) is said 
by Houbraken to have been another of Wouwerman's pupils ; but few of 
his existing pictures show this phase of his art. 

In the case of Aelbert Cuyp, the other master treated in this volume, 
the test of imitation in painters who were not his pupils in the ordinary 
sense, lies in the tone of sunlight and in the preference for certain colours, 
notably red and yellow. With Wouwerman, on the other hand, the test 
is in the subject the landscapes enlivened with figures and horses, and 
especially the cavalry fights, the scenes of plunder, the camp scenes, and 
so forth. The chief men in this category of imitators are JOHANNES 

LlNGELBACH (1623-1674), JoHAN VAN HUCHTENBURGH (1646-1733), 

and DIRK MA AS (1656-1717). 

Lingelbach comes nearest to his original, especially in versatility. He 
is not so much absorbed in military themes as the two others. He also 
paints travellers, peasants at harvest-time and at market, and hunting 
scenes, and thus covers almost the whole range of Wouwerman's art. 



254 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Like the master, too, he paints figures for the landscapes of other men, 
such as Wijnants, Moucheron, and Verboom. Yet in artistic quality he 
is sensibly inferior to Wouwerman, both in the drawing and handling of 
his figures and in the atmospheric delicacy of his landscapes. Huchten- 
burgh and Dirk Maas are further removed from their original than 
Lingelbach. Both of them belong to the decline of Dutch art. 

If we mention also the names of DIRK STOOP (1610-1686), HERMAN 
VAN LIN (about 1650-1670), HENDRIK VERSCHUURING (1627-1690), 
E. OUDENDIJK, and also those of ABRAHAM HONDIUS (about 1625- 
1695?), and F. BOCK (who flourished about 1683), we have almost 
exhausted the list of those who may with some reason be regarded as 
imitators of Wouwerman's pictures of horses and battles but not of 
those whose pictures are now and then ascribed to the master himself by 
speculative dealers. Prominent among these are the battle - painters 
grouped round Jan Martsen de Jonge and Palamedes Palamedesz, who 
are on an average a generation older than Wouwerman, such as A. van 
Hoef, J. J. van der StofFe, Isaak Junius, P. van Hillegaert, H. A. Pacx, and 
others. In his youth Jan Asselijn painted some pictures of similar themes. 

With just as little reason as in the case of those just named, a series of 
artists of the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in Flanders and 
other countries are confused with Wouwerman such as Van Bloemen, 
Breydel, Bredael, Falens, Cerquozzi, Bourguignon, and Querfurt. The 
later the period at which they lived, the more they differ from Wouwer- 
man. Still, it is not to be denied that Wouwerman, together with a 
group of Flemish painters like P. Snayers, P. Meulener, and A. F. van 
der Meulen, set a fashion for the whole of the eighteenth century. 

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE 

In the references added to the entries in the Catalogue 
"Sm." = Smith, "Catalogue Raisonne"," vol. i. (1829). 
"Sm. Suppl." = Smith, "Catalogue Raisonne," Supplement (1842). 

"M."=Jean Moyreau (1690-1762): CEuvres de Philippe Wouwermans 
gravees d'apres ses meilleurs tableaux dans les plus beaux cabinets de 
Paris et ailleurs . . . par J. Moyreau : folio, Paris, 1737-62 (new 
edition, Paris, 1843). 

A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE CONTENTS 

I. RELIGIOUS SUBJECTS, 1-27. 

1. Old Testament, 1-5. 

2. New Testament, 6-22. 

3. Legends, 23. 

4. Saints, 24-27. 

II. MYTHOLOGY AND HISTORY, 28-34. 

1. Mythological Scenes, 28-30. 

2. Historical Scenes, 31-34. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 255 

III. PORTRAITS, 1 35-41. 

IV. GENRE-PIECES, 42-1042^. 

A. The care and training of horses and other animals, 42-206. 

1. Riding-school, 42-68. 

2. Horses swimming and watering, 69-115. 

3. Smithy, 116-169. 

4. Mare and stallion, 170-171^. 

5. Horses and other domestic animals at pasture, \j\c-ljjb. 

6. Horse fair, 178-203^. 

7. Animals apart from horses, 204-206. 

(a) Domestic animals, 204-205^ 
(&) Wild animals, 206. 

B. Landscapes with horses, riders, and travellers, 207-5 2 5^. 

1. A horse without rider, 207-262. 

2. Two horses without riders, 263-277. 

3. One or two horses, riders, and a woman spinning, 278-284. 

4. Rider jesting with a milkmaid, 285-290. 

5. Rider jesting with a girl at a well, 291-296/2. 

6. A single horse with rider, 297-313^. 

7. Two horses with riders, 314-327. 

8. Lady and cavalier, both mounted or only the lady, 328-337. 

9. Several travellers, 337^-396^. 

(a) On the road, 337^-348. 

(b) At a ford, 349-361^. 

(c) At a ferry, 362-365. 

(d) Accident, horses shying, a meeting, 366-369. 

(e) Halting on the road, 370-385. 

(/) Halting in a grotto or near ruins, 386-394. 
(g) Resting near water (washerwomen), 395-3964. 

10. Peasants resting on the way to or from market, 397-418. 

11. Halting at the inn or in the innyard (cf. C 3), 419-475. 

12. Horsemen (sportsmen) entering or leaving the stable, 476-523. 

13. Horsemen riding for pleasure or travelling, 524-525*2. 

C. Hunting scenes, 526-737. 

1. Starting for the hunt, 526-580. 

2. At the hunt, 581-644. 

(a) Undescribed, 581-586^. 

(b) Hawking, 587-613^. 

(c) Stag-hunting, 614-635/1 

(d) Rabbit and hare-hunting, 635-637. 

(e) Wild boar and bear-hunting, 638-639. 
(/) Wild-fowl-shooting, 640-644. 

3. Resting at the hunt (cf. B n), 645-700. 

4. Returning from the hunt, 701-720. 

5. Single huntsmen, often quite small in a landscape (cf. the land- 

scapes), 721-737. 

1 Portraits are in this case placed before the genre-pieces, to avoid the diffia<lty of putting them 
between the genre-pieces and the landscapes. 



256 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

D. Military scenes, 738-903. 

1. Battle-pieces, 738-793^. 

(a) Fights between Christians, 738-780. 

() Fights between Christians and Orientals, 781-789*. 

(r) Undescribed, 790-793^. 

2. Plunder scenes, 794-81 IY. 

3. Taking prisoners and carrying them off, 812-816^. 

4. Horsemen fighting a duel, 8 1 7-8 1 "ja. 

5. Soldiers on the march, 818-835. 

6. Camp, 836-842^. 

7. Before the sutler's booth, 843-900. 

8. Soldiers on outpost duty, 901-903. 

E. Attacks of robbers, 904-914. 

F. Gipsy encampments and fortune-tellers, 915-933. 

G. Employment, occupation, manual labour, 934-1016. 

1. Harvest, 934-965. 

2. Vegetable and poultry market, 966-967. 

3. Fish-dealing, chiefly on the beach, 968-993^. 

4. Loading or unloading waggons on the beach or at the riverside, 

994-1004. 

5. Woodcutters, 1005-1016. 

H. Recreation and pleasure, 1017-1036. 

1. Fairs and drinking parties, 1 017-10284. 

2. Games, 1029-1034. 

3. Processions and festivals, 1035-10354. 

4. Brawl after a drinking bout, 1036. 
I. Various genre-pieces, 1037-1042^. 

V. LANDSCAPES, 1043-1151. 

1. Spring, summer, or autumn, 1043-1127. 

2. Sea-pieces, 1128-1130^. 

3. Winter (cf. woodcutters, smithy, attacks of robbers), 1131-1151. 

VI. STILL-LIFE, 1152. 
VII. STUDY, 1153. 

VIII. PICTURES TOO IMPERFECTLY DESCRIBED TO BE ASSIGNED TO ANY CLASS, 
1154-1161^. 

IX. PICTURES UNDESCRIBED, 1 162-1 165.*. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 257 



CATALOGUE RAISONNfi 

1. THE DESTRUCTION OF SODOM. Sm. 438 and Suppl. 
212. Lot, accompanied by an angel, conies hastily forward; his two 
daughters follow, carrying a bundle. In the middle distance, Sodom and 
Gomorrah are seen on fire, with dense smoke rising from the houses. 
The white dress of one figure produces the same effect as that of the 
white horse in many other pictures. The picture belongs to the artist's 
mature period. 

Panel, 13 inches by 15^ inches. 

In the Van Loon collection, Amsterdam, 1829 (Sm., who says an English 
collector had offered ^400 for it). 

In the Van Loon Van Winter collection, Amsterdam, bought as a whole 
by the Rothschilds, 1878. 

In the collection of E. de Rothschild, Paris. 

2. Jacob's Departure. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 17, 1708, No. 103. 

3. The Sacrifice of Jephthah's Daughter. 

Panel, 16 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. J. G. Cramer, Amsterdam, November 3, 1769, No. 119 (36 florins). 

4. Jephthah's Sacrifice. 
Panel, 31 inches by 23^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiostfe, ii. 1 20. 
Sale. Madame Lenglier, Paris, March 10, 1788 (400 francs). 

5. THE PROPHET ELISHA MOCKED. Sm. 21. Thirteen 
children pulling very funny grimaces. An attractive work of the early 
period. 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, 14^ inches by 15^ inches (at 
the Huls sale). 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 39. 

Sales. Samuel van Huls, The Hague, September 3, 1737 (Hoet, i. 480), 

No. 23 (185 florins). 

Chevalier de la Roque, Paris, 1745 (220 francs). 
In the collection of Leopold Favre, Geneva. 

6. JOHN THE BAPTIST PREACHING. Sm. 332 ; M. 29. 

In the right middle distance, at the foot of two trees, one of which is 
bare while the other is in full leaf, at the edge of a picturesque wood, 
stands the Baptist, preaching. He is turned to the left and raises his 
right hand. Around him the people stand or sit. In the right foreground 
are two horsemen in armour ; one of them, on a white horse, has his back 
to the spectator. Behind them are foot-soldiers with a banner. In the 
distance is a hill. The picture, to judge from the handling, which is still 
VOL. n 3 



258 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

rather hard, belongs to the transition from the early to the middle period, 
though it bears the later monogram. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 27 inches by 34^ inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 29, 1738. 
In the Blondy collection, Paris, 1738. 
Sale. Izaak Hoogenbergh, Amsterdam, April 10, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 81), No. 

1 1 (600 florins). 

In the Dresden inventory made by Guarienti, before 1753, No. 1701. 
In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905, catalogue, No. 1416. (Sm. 
in 1829 valued it at 400). 

7. John the Baptist preaching. Many figures and some horses. 
42 inches by 39 inches. 

S a k. Amsterdam, October 21, 1739 (Hoet, i. 610), No. 23 (552 florins). 

8. The Nativity. 

Sale. Jacob Cromhout and Jasper Loskart, Amsterdam, May 7, 1709 
(Hoet, i. 132), No. 5 (170 florins). 

9. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Sm. 24 (?). In 
the centre are two horses, one of them a grey, and an ass lying down. 
To the right the shepherds are grouped at the foot of three leafless trees. 
One man hides his face from the glory surrounding the angel who 
appears in the clouds. This is quite a good picture but scarcely good 
enough for an original by Wouwerman. In the Naples Museum, 1901 
catalogue, No. 14, there is a second version, the authenticity of which is 
also uncertain. [Possibly a copy of iftf.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the monogram ; panel, 16 
inches by 13^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite", i. 100. 

According to the Aix catalogue, it was in the sale of the Comte de Vence ; 
but his picture is more probably l$a. 

Bequeathed with other pictures by Jean Baptiste-Marie de Bourguignon de 
Fabregoules, 1863. 

In the Aix Museum, 1900 catalogue, No. 391. 

10. THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

To the left, above a tent which shelters a shepherd family, appears the 
angel announcing the Nativity. To the right are the shepherds on the 
pasture. An old shepherd, amidst his sheep, stretches out his arms 
towards the vision. In the foreground is a white horse. This is a 
genuine work of the master's early period. 
Panel, 13^ inches by 15 inches. 

Mentioned by W. von Seidlitz, Repertorium, xvi. 379. 

Engraved in aquatint by C. A. Witzani. 

In Cotter's Dresden inventory, according to Hdbner. Its old inventory 
number, 3118, shows that it was among the pictures acquired by Riedel at 
Prague in 1742. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1411. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 259 

11. THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

To the left on a rock appears the angel. The Virgin reclines on straw 
in a tent, nursing the Child. Two shepherds and a boy are praying near ; 
one clasps his hands. In the foreground stands the ass j near it lies a cow 
with its back to the spectator. To the right, amidst a flock of sheep 
that are lying down, are two shepherds ; one, wearing a turban, raises his 
hands. To the left are withered trees. The sky has a reddish tint. 
Behind the angel is a fiery glow. To the right are greyish-black clouds. 
Signed to the left with the monogram ; panel, 19 inches by 24 inches. 

In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

12. THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

To the right is a white horse. 
Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond, No. 21 1. 

i2a. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. 

14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Count Schonborn, Amsterdam, April 16, 1738 (Hoet, i. 510), No. 
52 (101 florins). 

13. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Sm. 65. 

Canvas, 21 \ inches by 24^ inches. 

Mentioned by Hoet, ii. 447. 

Sales. Floris Drabbe, Leyden, April I, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 76), No. 8 (195 
florins, W. Lormier ; or 240 florins, according to note in 
Lormier's store-room catalogue of December 1754, No. 352). 
W. Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Terwesten, 336), No. 337 
(295 florins). 

13*. The Angel announcing the Nativity to the Shepherds. 

Panel, 15 inches by 17^ inches. 

Sale. P. J. de Marneffe, Brussels, May 24, 1830, No. 361. 

14. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Sm. Suppl. 26. 
The chief group, of about ten persons, is on the left, within and around 
a shelter formed of canvas, attached to some old trees. Above them 
appears the angel. Some are on their knees ; one within the tent stands 
looking up with arms outstretched. In the centre stands a grey horse ; 
near it is a group of sheep huddled together. Cattle are seen in a dell 
beyond them. " An early production " (Sm.). 

Panel, 14^ inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. T. Jones, London, 1837 (74 : us.). 

15. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Sm. Suppl. 10. 
To the right, in a hilly landscape, are several shepherds and their wives, 
some of whom are within an old shed. One woman is asleep, with a 
babe in her arms, and a child lying at her side ; another woman stands 
near ; a third kneels with her back to the spectator. On rising ground 
in the centre, a grey horse stands ; near it an ass is lying down. Beyond 



260 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

are seen numerous cattle between the hills ; others are faintly visible on 
summits. " Painted in the master's first manner" (Sm.). 
Panel, 19 inches by i6| inches. 

Sales. H. Reydon and others, Amsterdam, April 5, 1827, No. 168 (200 

florins, Robiano). 
Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May I, 1837, No. 733 (1500 

francs). 
Sold by Sm. to the Duke of Buckingham. 

15*. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Sm. 24. The 

angel appears in the clouds to the shepherds. In the centre foreground 
two horses are standing and an ass is lying down. In the distance are 
sheep. 

Panel, 16 inches by 13^ inches. 

Engraved by Beaumont as " L'Apparition de 1'Ange aux Bergers." 
Sale. Henriette Popta, Amsterdam, April 5, 1697 (Hoet, i. 40), No. 4 
(320 florins) but described as "The Ascension," so that Sm. 
may have made a mistake. 

In the collection of the Due d'Orleans, Paris, 1749. 
Sales. Comte de Vence, Paris, February n, 1761 (377 francs). 

Dulac, Paris, November 30, 1778 according to Art Sales. 

P. Panne, London, March 20, 1819 (99 : 158.)- 

Duval of Geneva, London, 12 May 1846 (189, Fuller) according 

to a MS. note in Sm.'s own copy of his Catalogue. 
Due de Morny, London, 1848 (128 : 23., Arteria). 
Henry Arteria, London, April 23, 1850, No. 50 (99 : I5.). 
J. Harris, London, 1872 (105, Whitehead). 
Addington, London, May 1886 (199 : IDS., Colnaghi). 

1 6. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. See Sm. 24 and 

65. In the left foreground shepherds are sleeping at the foot of rocks. 
On the ground in the centre sleeps a woman, with a basket and jug 
beside her. To the right a grey horse crops the scanty herbage. Two 
shepherds lie on a rock crowned with a few trees. Below them, near the 
rock, kneel two women, listening to the angel's message. 
Panel, i8 inches by 16 inches. 

In the collection of Van Saceghem, Ghent, 1829 (Sm.). 
Sale. Van Saceghem of Ghent, Brussels, June 2, 1851, No. 84(1300 
francs, Styart van Brugge). 

i6a. The Angel appearing to the Shepherds. Figures, horses, 
and cattle. 

Panel, 20 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. M. C. van Hall and others, Amsterdam, April 27, 1858, No. 155. 

17. THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

A notable but unattractive work, yellowish in tone. 
Canvas, 34 inches by 37 inches. 

In the collection of Lord Haldon. 

Sale. Fraser, London, May 7, 1904, No. 94. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 261 

18. THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS. 

Sm. Suppl. 25. The chief group is on the left, near some trees from 
which is suspended a canvas shelter. It includes two women, one of 
whom holds a child, a sleeping boy and a kneeling man. Nearer the 
front are three shepherds adoring ; two of them are at the foot of a tree. 
In the centre foreground are a grey and a brown horse in profile, facing 
opposite ways j the brown horse is partly behind the grey. Near them 
are an ass lying down, two sheep, a goat, and a dog. The angel with 
large wings turns his head towards the shepherds, and points with out- 
stretched left hand towards the right background, where are several huts. 
Canvas, 17 inches by 23^ inches. 

In the collection of Charles Brind, London, 1842. 

Sales. Sir J. C. Robinson of London, Paris, May 7, 1868. 

Marquis du Blaisel, Paris, March 1 6, 1870, No. 138 (1700 francs). 

Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 218 (1550 francs). 

i8<?. Adoration of the Shepherds. 

In the collection of Charles Brind, London. 

Sale. Marquis du Blaisel, London, May 17, 1872 (ji2O : 155., bought in). 

19. THE HOLY FAMILY. Sm. 136 and Suppl. 47. To the left 
is a cottage amidst trees. In the centre foreground, the Infant Christ 
and St. John are playing with a dove and a lamb. The Virgin, in a red 
vest and a blue skirt, sits near them, with St. Anne, who is reading a book. 
A little distance off" are St. Joseph and two angels. Two more angels 
are on the right, near an ass. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 24^ inches by 19 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1882, 
No. 54. 

Sale. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (1520 francs). 

In the collection of Edward Gray, Harringay, London, before 1842 (Sm.). 

Entrusted to the dealer Yates for sale, 1846. 

In the collection of John Walter, Bearwood. 

Sales. George Holmes and others, April 25, 1903, No. 78 ; the catalogue 
states that the picture had been in the Paillet and Gray collec- 
tions, but does not state that it had been in the Walter collection ; 
so that possibly the Walter picture was a second example. 
London, March 23, 1907, No. 78. 

20. Christ on the Cross (or, Mount Calvary). Sm. 39 and 
Suppl. 15. Calvary rises in the centre ; on its summit are the crosses of 
Christ and the two thieves on either side. The executioners descend the 
hill in a long file, carrying their ladders and implements. Four horsemen 
precede them ; one rides a bright bay, another a roan, the third a prancing 
grey, and the fourth, holding a banner, a dark-brown horse. The three 
Marys are at the foot of the cross. Part of Jerusalem is seen in the 
distance. 

Signed, and dated 1652 j copper, 19 inches by 28 inches. 

A picture of a similar subject was in the sale : Jacob Cromhout and 
Jasper Loskart, Amsterdam, May 7, 1709 (Hoet, i. 132), No. 6 (550 florins). 



262 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Painted for the Count van Wassenaar, who at the same time commissioned 
a picture of the same subject from Karel du Jardin, now in the Louvre, 1902 
catalogue, No. 2426. It is not mentioned by Hoet in the Wassenaar collection, 
but passed thence by marriage into that of Prince Montmorency. 

Sale. Montaleau, Paris, 1802 (2400 francs). 

In the Rottiers collection, Ghent, 1829 (Sm.). 

In the collection of the Hon. Long Wellesley, 1842 (Sm. says it cost 6000 
francs). 

Sale. Wellesley of London, Brussels, June 15, 1846 (6500 francs, Weber 

de Treuenfels). 
Weber de Treuenfels, Paris, April 8, 1867, No. 40 (8000 francs). 

21. THE ASCENSION. On the top of a hill, the disciples and 
some followers of Christ, about twenty in all, stand or kneel in groups. 
They look up, with surprise and reverence, at Christ, who is seen in a 
golden glory amidst dark clouds. He wears a light-grey flowing robe 
and raises His hands upward to the left in the attitude of blessing. He 
is ascending to heaven ; angels descend towards Him. The Apostle in the 
centre foreground wears white breeches and has his back to the spectator. 
Another in light-red is strongly relieved against the dark background. 
Below to the left in a valley leading from the centre to the left foreground 
are some of the houses of Bethany, with a high mountain beyond. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 34 inches by 27 inches. 

Mentioned by Riegel, Beitrilge, 322. 

From Salzdahlum, Cabinet I. No. 57. 

In the Picture Gallery, Brunswick, 1900 catalogue, No. 306. 

21 a. The Ascension. 

Sale. Jacob Cromhout and Jasper Loskart, Amsterdam, May 7, 1709 
(Hoet, i. 132), No. 7 (305 florins). 

22. The Conversion of Saul. In a hilly landscape, Saul has fallen 
from his horse on to the ground in front. Farther away, riders and horses 
run away in fear of the lightning. 

Panel, 13 inches by 14 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, August 8, 1804, No. 213. 

(Possibly) Taets van Amerongen, Amsterdam, July 3, 1805, No. 52 
(260 florins, Roos) ; the dimensions were similar, but the picture 
did not bear the same title. 

23. The Good Samaritan. The Samaritan has set the traveller on 
his horse. Near them is a dog. To the right is a castle beside a river, 
with a stone bridge. In the distance is a high mountain. 

Canvas, 16 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. J. Odon, Amsterdam, September 6, 1784, No. n. 

24. ST. MICHAEL. Sm. 85. [Pendant to 25.] 
Panel, 24 inches by 18 inches. 

Salf. (Probably) Amsterdam, June 4, 1727, No. 14 or 15. 
In the collection of Gerard Braamcamp, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 510). 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 263 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 277 (760 florins 

with pendant, P. Fouquet). 
In the Tronchin collection, Bessinge, near Geneva. 

25. ST. GEORGE AND THE DRAGON. Sm. 84 and 230. 

St. George is mounted and holds up his sword in his right hand. An 
angel in the clouds brings the saint a crown. On his shield is inscribed 
in letters of gold : " Per varios casus et tot discrimina rerum, Tendite ad 
superos." [Pendant to 24.] 

Panel, 24 inches by 18 inches. 

Mentioned in Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 205. 

Sale. (Probably) Amsterdam, June 4, 1727, No. 14 or 15. 

In the collection of Gerard Braamcamp, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 510). 

Sales. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 277 (760 

florins with pendant, P. Fouquet). 
Tronchin des Delices, Paris, Germinal 2, 1801 (4400 francs, 

Benard). 
In the collection of Leopold Favre, Geneva. 

25*. A Christian Knight. [Probably identical with 24 or 25.] 
Sale. Amsterdam, June 4, 1727 (Hoet, i. 317), No. 14 (86 .florins). 

25^. A Christian Knight. [Similar to 25^.] [Probably identical 
with 24 or 25.] 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 4, 1727 (Hoet, i. 317), No. 15 (90 florins). 

25*:. A Christian Knight on Horseback. 

34 inches by 39 inches. 

Sale. Johannes Lubbeling, Amsterdam, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 518). 

26. St. Martin. Sm. 6. He is mounted on a grey horse, and is 
cutting his cloak to divide it with the beggar. Landscape with numerous 
figures. 

Panel, 18 inches by 15 inches. 

Sales. Jaques de Roore, The Hague, September 4, 1747 (Hoet, ii. 207), 

No. 92 (250 florins, Lr. van der Mark). 
Comte R. de Cornelissen, Brussels, May ii, 1857, No. 99 

said to measure 12^ inches by 14 inches. 
Gilkinet, Paris, April 1 8, 1863, No. 42. 

26*. St. Martin on Horseback. With figures. 

Sale. D'Orvielle, Amsterdam, July 15, 1705, No. 36 (89 florins). 

27. ST HUBERT. Sm. 323. The huntsman in red kneels 
humbly in the centre, with his right hand on his breast. Before him to 
the left stands a great stag with a cross between his antlers, in front of 
big trees. The saint's fine grey horse stands in profile to the left behind 
him, on the right ; his five dogs are in the left foreground. To the right 
is an open landscape with a distant hill. [Identical with 38.] 

Dated 1660 ; canvas, 38 inches by 33 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 505. 

In the collection of the Prince of Orange, Brussels, 1829 (Sm.). 



264 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 



King William II. of Holland, The Hague, August 12, 1850, No. 

92 (3000 florins, Nieuwenhuys). 
Baron von Mecklenburg, Paris, December n, 1854, No. 30 (7200 

francs, Nieuwenhuys). 
In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle. 

28. PYRAMUS AND THISBE. Sm. 66 and 163. To the 
right, in the foreground of an idyllic landscape, Pyramus in a red costume 
lies dead, with a hunting-knife beside him. Thisbe, in a white cloak and 
blue dress, kneels with outstretched hands beside her lover. In the back- 
ground is a lion. To the left is a cupid shooting an arrow ; he serves as 
the top of a fountain. To the right, behind Pyramus, is a thicket. In 
the distance is a valley with a lake. 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, 9 inches by 7 inches. 

Mentioned by O. Granberg, Les Collections Privies de la Suede, 33, No. 67. 

Exhibited at Stockholm, 1893, No. 115. 

In the collection of W. Lormier, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 447) ; he had acquired it 
from Jaques de Roore (for 125 florins) ; in his store-room catalogue of December 
1754, No. 350. 

Sales. Willem Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Terw. 336) (165 florins). 
Nogaret, Paris 1780 (910 francs). 

Sm. accidentally describes the picture twice, with slightly varying dimensions. 

In the Wachtmeister collection, Wanas, No. 76. 

29. APOLLO AND DAPHNE. 

Sale. Jan de Gise, Bonn, August 30, 1742, No. 396. 

30. ICARUS AND DAEDALUS. In a hilly landscape with a 
river, several persons on foot or on horseback are seen in the right fore- 
ground. Above are Icarus and Daedalus. 

Panel, i6 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. F. I. de Dufresne, Amsterdam, August 22, 1770, No. 224. 

31. King William returning from England, on the Scheven- 
ingen Road. The king sits in a coach drawn by six horses. He is 
accompanied by many cavaliers. There are very many spectators. An 
early work. 

Canvas, 26 inches by 31 inches. 

The king returned in 1691. This makes it impossible that such a picture 
can have been painted by Philips Wouwerman, who died in 1668 ; the picture 
must have been wrongly described. 

Sales. W. Reyers, Amsterdam, September 21, 1814, No. 182 (10 florins, 

Roos). 

Engelberts, Amsterdam, August 25, 1817, No. 114 (10 florins, 
Coders). 

32. Review of Troops by Louis XIII. before the Tuileries. 

The picture was said to be the joint production of Pieter and Philips. 
Sm. thought it entirely by Pieter, and his masterpiece. A picture of a 
similar scene, also in Paris, signed by Pieter Wouwerman and of almost the 
same dimensions (54 inches by 68 inches) is in the Louvre, 1902 catalogue, 
No. 2635. To this group probably belongs also 34. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 265 

50 inches by 76 inches. 

Sale. Dufresne, Paris, March 26, 1816 (8000 francs). 

In the possession of Martin, Paris, 1829 (Sm., who says Martin valued it at 
18,000 francs). 

33. The March- Past of the Due de Vend6me. Cavalry with 
their leader on a grey horse. [Possibly identical with 829.] 

41 inches by 31 inches, or the reverse. 

Sale. Casimir Perier, London, May 5, 1848 (^640 : ios., Lord Derby). 
Possibly identical with the early work, undescribed, in the collection of the 
Earl of Derby (1162). 

34. Historical Tournament on the Place Royale, Paris. 

Arranged by Louis XIV. to celebrate the birthday of the Dauphin. [See 
note to 32.] 

Sales. London, 1866 (409 : ios., bought in). 

J. Mitchell, London, 1867 (399, Bolckow). 

35. Portrait of the Painter. 

Sale. J. B. Jarman, London, May 17, 1859 (16 : ios., Field). 

36. PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN ON A GREY 
HORSE. He sits in profile to the right, in a sandy landscape, and turns 
to look at the spectator. He wears a grey costume adorned with gold lace, 
black boots, and a black hat with a white plume. To the right is a tent ; 
to the left are the dunes. In the distance are a few trees. It was formerly 
attributed to Harmen van Lin. It is more characteristic of Ph. Wouwer- 
man. It was assigned to him in the Boymans catalogue from 1849 to 
1883 ; in 1889 it was given back to Van Lin ; but recently it has been 
restored to Wouwerman. 

Panel, 8| inches by 6 inches. 

Mentioned in Oud Holland, 1895, vol. xiii., p. 42. 

Exhibited at Utrecht, 1894, No. 125. 

In the collection of F. J. O. Boymans, Utrecht, 1811 catalogue, No. B. 76 
(as a Paulus Potter). 

In the Boymans Museum, Rotterdam ; 1902 catalogue, No. 157 as a H. van 
Lin ; 1907 catalogue, No. 350, as a Ph. Wouwerman. 

37. PORTRAIT OF A WOMAN. Half-length. In profile to 
the left. She is enveloped in a black cloak trimmed with brown fur. Her 
smooth brown hair is simply combed back and fastened in a knot. There 
are blue and red tones on the face. Brownish background. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the early monogram ; 
panel, 9 inches by 7 inches. 

Mentioned by Bode, in Zahns Jahrbuch, vi. 206, and in Die grossherzogliche 
Gemaldegalerie zu Schwerin, 1891, p. 125. 

In the Schwerin Museum, 1882 catalogue, No. 1125. 

38. Portrait of Schuyt as St. Hubert. [Identical with 27.] 

In the possession of Pastor J. B. Schuyt of Haarlem, 1786; see R. van 



266 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Enden, Over den nationaalen Smaak der Hollandse School in de Teken en Schilderkttnst, 
Haarlem, iy&7, p. 133. 

Compare Moes, Iconographia Batava, No. J 1 06. 

39. Portrait of a Gentleman on Horseback. Sm. Suppl. 265. 
He wears a dark-grey coat trimmed with gold lace, and a cocked hat 
with feathers. He is mounted on a dark-brown horse in profile, in the 
foreground of a landscape with a river. In the distance is a stag-hunt. 
"An admirable work of art" (Sm.). 

Panel, 13 inches by 12 \ inches. 

Sale. A. W. C. Baron van Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5* 
1851, No. 74 (720 florins, J. Roos) ; it was in the Baron's collec- 
tion in 1842 (Sm.). 

40. A Horseman with a Plumed Hat. Sm. 493. He sits on a 
bay horse in a landscape. Probably a portrait. A good early work. 

Signed ; panel, about 13 inches by n inches. 

An engraving by J. Visscher closely resembles the picture. 

Mentioned by Waagen, (ii. 279). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1828. 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, 1829 (Sm.) and 1854 (Waagen). 

41. A General on a Black Horse. In the background is a 
cavalry fight. A genuine picture in the style of the portraits of horse- 
men by Th. de Keyser, but weaker. It is doubtful whether it is by 
Philips or by Pieter Wouwerman. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the monogram ; 29 
inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Hope Edwardes and others, London, April 27, 1901, No. 36. 

42. THE RIDING-SCHOOL (or, Breaking-in Horses). Sm. 

Suppl. 216. The chief figure is that of a gentleman on a sorrel horse 
riding round a post, at which stands a groom with a whip. A stout 
man, a lady, and a cavalier with a plumed hat look on. Behind them 
are a woman with a basket on her back and a man taking a child down 
from a wall. In front of them stands a horse-dealer. On the other 
side of the post is a groom on a bay mare with a leaping stallion, to avoid 
whose hoofs a woman with a basket of apples steps aside. A very fine 
late picture. 

Panel, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

In the collection of Earl Spencer, Althorp, No. 113; it was there in 
1842 (Sm.). 

43. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN (or, The Kick- 
ing Horse). Sm. 450. In the left centre is a large tree. To the 
right of it, a grey horse ridden by a man in yellow kicks out behind and 
has upset a country woman with a basket of apples. On the right a groom 
holds another saddled horse by the bridle and raises his whip in his left 
hand. To the left near the tree is a horseman at full gallop. At the 
back a gentleman and a lady stand looking on. In front is a dog. In 
the right middle distance is a river, in which two riders are watering their 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 267 

horses and people are bathing. The colours are exceptionally brilliant, 
and the light and shade very fine. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram j 
panels, 14^ inches by 19^ inches. 

Sale. Dowager Boreel, Amsterdam, September 23, 1814, No. 23 (2825 

florins, De Vries). 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 2710; it was there 
in 1829 (Sm.). 

44. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 454. On 

the right a man in blue on a dappled-grey horse, with his back to the 
spectator, halts to converse with a stout man standing farther right. 
Near them a groom leads out a horse from its stable in a ruinous building 
covered with creepers. Farther back is a garden wall, with an arbour 
behind it, from which a gentleman, lady, and child watch the foreground 
scene. In the centre a rider whips his horse, which is tied to a post and 
kicks out behind. A woman with a child in her arms runs left towards 
the foreground. A boy with a large hat and a hoop points at the woman, 
behind whom are a groom and a gentleman with his back to the spectator. 
In the centre, at the back under the arbour, a gentleman is mounting a 
horse which has its head to the front and is held by a page. In the left 
background is a hilly landscape with a round tower amidst trees. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 19 inches by 24^ inches. 

In the collection of A. L. van Heteren (Hoet, ii. 461), with which it went 
in 1809 to the Rijksmuseum. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 2713. 

45. A RIDING- SCHOOL IN THE OPEN (or, Trying 
Horses). Sm. Suppl. 144. In front of the arched gateway of a castle 
to the right, on the ruined walls of which one cannon alone remains, an 
officer rides a white horse round a post. To the left two grooms hold 
other horses belonging to two gentlemen who are on the right, looking on. 
On the extreme right is a broken column, on the base of which a boy is 
climbing, while a mother lifts up her child to it. In front of them are a 
woman selling vegetables and a maid-servant with a basket on her head. 
To the left is a broad river ; in the foreground a horse and an ass are 
drinking ; in the water near them are a woman and a boy, while farther 
away boys are bathing. In the extreme left foreground are the bows of a 
boat at anchor, in the distance is a fertile river-landscape with hilly 
banks. A good picture of the master's best period. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 30^ inches by 48 inches. 

Formerly in one of the Prussian Royal Palaces. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1906 catalogue, No. 899 ; it was 
in the Berlin Museum, 1842 (Sm., who valued it at .700). 

46. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN (or, Exercising 
and Breaking-in Horses). Sm. 252. On the left, a little way back, 
a coach drawn by two greys has stopped. A gentleman who has alighted 



268 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

from it stands with a groom in the foreground, looking at a dappled-grey 
horse which is learning to leap between two posts. To the right of one 
post a cavalier, with his head to the left, is mounting a grey horse, seen 
from the back. Another man, holding his whip and the tight reins in his 
upraised right hand, rides a grey horse forward from the right. In the 
corner at the extreme right a boy sits holding a dog in leash. Farther 
back a riding-master with a whip makes a horse canter round a tree. 
Beyond, a well-dressed couple come forward under the trees. In the left 
foreground sits a woman selling wine. Behind her a groom leads out a 
black horse from a stable ; only its head and neck are visible. A fine 
picture of the master's maturity. Frimmel wrongly regarded it as a 
good copy. Sm. thought the colour " unusually cold." 
Canvas, 27 inches by 33^ inches. 

In the collection of Prince Esterhazy, Vienna, 1842 (Sm., who valued it 
at j3o). 

In the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, 1906 catalogue, No. 488 (old 
No. 304). 

47. A RIDING -SCHOOL BEFORE THE GATE. Sm. 

Suppl. 243. In the right foreground is the gateway of a castle, the wall 
of which stretches away to the back. In front of it three cavaliers are 
riding. The middle man rides a piebald horse to the left towards two 
posts, where the third man is whipping his horse, which is tied to a post 
and kicks out behind. In the left foreground a groom holds his master's 
horse and red cloak, while the rider kneels down to fasten his spur on his 
right foot. Near him is a dog. Farther back two gentlemen, one with 
hawk on wrist, ride out to hunt. On the right a gentleman with the 
help of his groom bridles his horse, which is seen from the back. At the 
gate are children with a he-goat, a spirit-dealer selling drink to a chimney- 
sweep, and a woman with cakes, near whom stand some more children. 
In front stands a cavalier in red with a whip in his folded arms. On the 
road beside the wall are a peasant on horseback with a scythe, some children 
at play, and a cavalier riding to the town. On the grass under a tree, 
near the road, soldiers are playing cards. A cannon on the wall is pointed 
towards a broad river with many boats in a valley on the left. Near it 
are men. In the distance is a range of hills. 

Signed on the road in the right-hand bottom corner with the full 
monogram ; canvas, 26 inches by 32 inches. 

In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 14; and in the 1783 inventory, 
No. 64. 

At Paris, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 342 (old No. 315). 

48. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 372 and 

Suppl. 165. In the centre a man rides a horse which is tied to a post. 
A saddled grey horse, in profile to the right, is prancing near, with its 
rider behind it. On the right, a horseman, in profile to the left, is partly 
visible. In front of him stand a gentleman watching the grey, and a 
little page. In the left middle distance, in front of an old ruined arch 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 269 

overgrown with creepers, is a woman with a child in her arms and another 
child at her side, near a stall kept by a woman. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Engraved by Danckerts. 

In the collection of Robert Ferguson, M.P., of Raith, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. H. A. J. Munro-Ferguson of Novar, London, June I, 1878. 

In the Crews collection, London. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of loo 
Paintings," 1896, No. 52. 

In the collection of John W. Gates, Chicago, now in New York. 

49. A Riding-School (or, Breaking-in Horses). Sm. Suppl. 
189. One man rides a restive grey horse; another rides a dark-brown 
horse, near the other's head. Two persons stand looking on. Nearer 
the front a groom in a yellow jacket holds a brown horse, and a boy plays 
with a dog. Close to the side are some persons on a wall. 

Panel, 14 inches by 15^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, 1872, No. 200. A 
picture of a group of riders, of similar dimensions, was No. 189 in this 
exhibition ; it cannot be identical with the other picture (618) of the Buccleuch 
collection, which represents a stag-hunt. 

In the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch, Dalkeith Palace, near Edin- 
burgh ; it was there in 1842 (Sm.). 

50. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. To the right is a 
ruin with an archway, in the shade of which are two women and children. 
A man is riding a brown horse round in a circle. Near him is another 
rider. To the left are people on foot, and a horse. A very good but 
dark picture. 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen, Suppl. 452 ; and in Oud Holland, xi. 227. 
In the collection of J. M. Stirling of Keir, 1856 (Waagen). 
In the collection of Archibald Stirling of Keir, Perthshire ; according to 
the owner, it was at Keir as early as 1820. 

51. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 495 and 

422. A gentleman, seen from the back, exercises a horse in a park. To 
the right is a coach with six dappled-grey horses ; a lady looks out of the 
coach. To the left a man in grey leans on a stick ; behind him, a page 
holds his brown horse. From the left middle distance come a horseman 
and a beggar-boy. A fine picture, the full effect of which was only seen 
after it had been restored. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 26^ inches by 31 inches. 

Engraved by Desaulx in the Musee Franfais ; by A. L. Zeelander in the 
Steengracht collection, No. 20 ; and the left half in reverse by J. Visscher. 

In the collection of Govert van Slingeland, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 
405). 

In the collection of King William V. (Terw. 719). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1795-1815. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, The Hague, since 1815; 1907 catalogue, 
No. 217. 



270 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

52. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 363. On 
an open space in the centre, a gentleman in red rides a grey horse round a 
post to which it is tied by a cord, while a groom urges it on with a whip. 
To the left a man on a dark-bay horse and a page stand looking on. In 
the foreground are a well-dressed man leaning on a stick, and two children. 
To the right are a dog and a child on a hobby-horse. There are various 
other spectators. A peasant leads a horse away to drink. A picture of 
mediocre quality. 

Canvas, 19^ inches by 16 inches. 

Epgraved by Laurent, Filheul and Landon. 

Sale. Wierman, Amsterdam, August 18, 1762, No. 16 (610 florins). 

In the Musee Napoleon (valued by the experts, 1816, at 15,000 francs). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1902 catalogue, No. 2626. 

53. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 105. In 
the centre a groom is making a grey horse trot round a post, at which the 
riding-master stands with a whip. At one side are a gentleman attentively 
watching the horse, and a well-dressed lady holding a little child by the 
hand. To the left are two gentlemen on horseback ; one of the horses, in 
profile to the right, rears up ; the other faces the spectator. Farther 
away are several gentlemen on foot, and a coach and horses. In the left 
foreground two boys are setting two dogs to fight. In the middle dis- 
tance is a park surrounded by a wall. There are fine gardens and build- 
ings in the hilly distance. A picture of " superior beauty " (Sm.). 
[Pendant to 182.] 

Panel, 21 inches by 18 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiositt, i. 194-95. 

Engraved by Major in the Galerie Choiseul, No. 71. 

Exhibited at Amsterdam, 1867, No. 216. 

In the collection of the Marquis Voyer d'Argenson, Paris. 

Sales. Due de Choiseul, Paris, 1772 (20,000 francs, with pendant). 

Prince de Conti, Paris, April 8, 1777 (19,800 francs, with pendant). 

Jan Gildemeester Jansz, Amsterdam, June II, 1800, No. 266 (3650 

florins, J. Yver). 
In the Van Loon collection, Amsterdam, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 

735). 

In the Van Loon van Winter collection, Amsterdam, purchased as a whole 
by the Rothschilds, 1878. 

In the collection of E. de Rothschild, Paris. 

54. THE KICKING HORSE. Sm. 97 ? In the centre fore- 
ground is a man on a horse which kicks out behind. To the left is a 
group of three men ; to the right are several children, one of whom has 
fallen down while another runs away. To the right is a castle wall. 
Landscape background. A fairly early work, which is very probably 
identical with Sm. 97. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 13 inches by 15 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Gallery, London, 1828. 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 286 (605 
florins, P. Schucking). 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 271 

In the collection of Henry Chawner, London, 1829 (Sm.). 
Sale. Chawner, London, 1869 (168, Nieuwenhuys). 
Purchased by Edward, Lord Penrhyn. 
In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle, North Wales. 

55. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN (or, Showing- 
off Horses). Sm. 359 and Suppl. 61 ; M. 82. In the centre a cavalier 
in yellow rides a bright-bay horse round a post, at which stands the riding- 
master with a whip ; the cavalier is about to strike the horse with his 
switch. In the foreground is a boy playing with a goat. To the right 
of him is a groom on a chestnut horse, seen almost full face ; he leads by 
the reins a saddled grey horse which is rearing. As spectators there are a 
well-dressed gentleman and lady, standing in profile to the left, and 
farther away another man and a young girl. A cripple sliding forward 
on his knees is begging from them. Behind this group a flight 
of steps leads up at the side of a building to a door, in front of which 
stands a woman with a child in her arms and a puppy crouching at her 
feet. Two other persons look over the balustrade at the horseman, while a 
man with a stick stands on the steps and looks back at the puppy. In the 
centre of the middle distance is a park wall with trees rising above it. 
To the left is a valley, in which are two children and a horseman ; he 
has dismounted and points with his hand, while his man-servant adjusts 
the stirrup. In the distance a shepherd tends his flock on a river-bank. 
This is one of the finest pictures of the artist's maturity. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, iy inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 82, as " L'Ecuyer du Manege," 1756. 
In the collection of Crozat, Baron de Thiers, Paris, 1756. 
In the dairy-house of the palace of Tsarskoe Selo, near St. Petersburg, 
1842 (Sm., who valued it at 472 : ios.). 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 996. 

56. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 407 and 

Suppl. 1 88. To the right, at the foot of a ruined tower, a groom in red 
gallops a grey horse round a post. Among the spectators are a cavalier 
and a lady, and a shepherd standing on high ground ; below the shepherd 
are a mounted groom, seen from the back, and two boys holding a brown 
horse. There is a somewhat harsh contrast between sky, earth, and 
buildings, but in other respects the picture is very attractive. 

In the right-hand bottom corner are traces of a monogram ; canvas, 
20^ inches by 17 inches. 

Engraved by Wieth. 

Then in the collection of the Comte de Baudouin, Paris. 
In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 997 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at ^300). 

57. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 34! and 

Suppl. 147 ; M. 43. In the centre is a post, to the left of which stands a 
horse in profile to the right ; a boy holds the horse while the rider 
mounts. To the right a man on a rearing grey horse rides between two 



272 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

posts towards the left. Two gentlemen stand on the right watching 
him ; another spectator is a mounted huntsman with hawk on wrist, 
standing farther back and facing to the front. In front of them a little 
boy lies on the ground, holding in leash a he-goat that tries to run away. 
On the extreme right a groom leads a saddled horse back to its stable. 
On the left a man is taking a riding-lesson in front of a cavalier and a 
lady. In the background to the right is a square tower among houses, 
while to the left is a landscape with houses amidst trees. On the horizon 
are hills. A "superb picture" (Sm.). 
Canvas, 25 inches by 33 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 43, as " L'Acad^mie du Manage," 1741. 
In the collection of the Prince d'Isenghien, 1741 (Sm.). 
In the collection of the Comte de Milly, 1742. 
Acquired by the Empress Catherine IJ. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 998 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at ^1200). 

58. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Near a round 
tower, two grooms are breaking-in a grey horse which is tied to a post. 
To the left a horseman makes his bright-bay leap over a bar. Farther 
left a saddled horse is tied to a post ; two cavaliers and a page carrying 
his master's sword stand near. From the back a groom comes riding a 
grey horse out of its stable. In the centre foreground are some dogs ; to 
the left, children, on a bundle of straw near the stable wall, are looking on. 
This picture shows strong Italian influence. The brown of the buildings 
dominates the colour-scheme. An early work. 

In the left-hand bottom corner are traces of a monogram ; canvas, 
24^ inches by 31 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St'. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 999. 

59. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. 

In the collection of Count Orloff Davidoff, St. Petersburg. 

60. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. In the right 
foreground a page holds the bridle of a rearing horse. A person sits in 
front of the stable looking on ; a little boy runs away. At a post in the 
centre stands the riding-master, lifting his whip at a little dog which 
barks at him. A horseman gallops to the left. Farther away, near a 
wall, are two men and a horse that is afraid of water. To the left is a 
beggar. High on the right hangs a coat-of-arms in a lozenge ; dexter, 
argent paly gules, above sable an ornament (?) argent ; sinister, a field 
argent. A work of the master's maturity. 

Signed on the left with the full monogram; panel, 17^ inches by 15 
inches. 

In the collection of King Gustavus III. of Sweden. 

In the National Museum, Stockholm, 1900 catalogue, No. 710. 

61. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. A gentleman in 
blue gallops a brown horse round a post in the centre ; near him is a 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 273 

bare-headed groom. On the right a gentleman with a riding - whip 
mounts a brown horse, standing beside a piebald ; its rider, a stout officer 
in a buff coat, stands near, with two other men. In the right fore- 
ground sits a woman cooking at a charcoal stove, with two boys near her. 
In the right background is a vessel near the bank of a river ; beyond is an 
open landscape with buildings and thickets, and high hills in the distance. 
A work of the master's maturity. 

Signed on the left with the full monogram ; panel, iy inches by 14^ 
inches. 

In the collection of Queen Louisa Ulrica, and in that of King Gustavus III. 
of Sweden. 

In the National Museum, Stockholm, 1900 catalogue, No. 712. 

62. A RIDING-SCHOOL IN THE OPEN. Sm. 38 ; M. 70. 

In the centre foreground a groom, with his back to the spectator, holds 
a grey horse, facing left. Its rider kneels to fasten his spurs. His dog is 
sniffing at his gloves, which lie on the ground. To the left is a coach 
with six grey horses ; a person looks out of it. In the middle distance is 
a wall, above which rise the trees of a park ; on the extreme left is an 
archway. On the right, a gentleman gallops a brown horse towards the 
right, past a lady and gentleman on foot. In the immediate foreground 
near a post a boy and girl are playing with a dog. In the right middle 
distance is an avenue. A shepherd with his flock. A very fine picture. 
Canvas, 24 inches by 28^ inches. 

Mentioned by Descamps. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 70, as " Cavaliers du Manege." 
Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1883, 
No. 252. 

In the collection of the Marquis Voyer d'Argenson, 1752. 

Sales. Jan Gildemeester Jansz, Amsterdam, June II, 1800, No. 267 (2175 

florins, J. Yver). 
Sir Simon Clarke, Bart., and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 

C357, Bryan). 

In the collection of Lady Mildmay, 1829 (Sm.). 
In the collection of Sir Henry St. John Mildmay, 1883. 
In the collection of the late Baron Ferdinand von Rothschild, Waddesdon 
Manor. 

62*. A Horse-Trainer. 

Given by Barent van Lin, The Hague, for his debt to the notary, Dispontijn, 
April 1 8, 1676 (A. Bredius). 

6ib. A Horse-Trainer. 

Sale. Henriette Popta, Amsterdam, April 5, 1697 (Hoet, i. 40), No. 5 
(180 florins). 

62c. A Horse-Trainer. A small picture. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 31, 1706 (Hoet, i. 86), No. 7 (81 florins). 

62^. A Horse-Trainer. 

Sale. Cornelis Uitenbogaart, Amsterdam, April 3, 1711 (Hoet, i. 138), 

No. 4 (i 50 florins). 
VOL. II T 



274 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

62*. A Horse-Trainer. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 6, 1716 (Hoet, i. 194), No. 14 (140 florins). 

62/ A Horse-Trainer. 

Sale. Quiryn van Biesum, Amsterdam, October 1 8, 1719 (Hoet, i. 236), 
No. 191 (38 florins). 

62g. A Horse-Trainer. With horses and figures. 
i8| inches by 23 inches. 

Sate. Jaques Meyers, Rotterdam, September 9, 1722 (Hoet, i. 276), No. 
1 10 (330 florins). 

62h. A Horse-Trainer. With other figures and horses. Of the 
best period. 

Sale. Antony Grill, Amsterdam, April 14, 1728 (Hoet, i. 326), No. 19 
(340 florins). 

62;'. A Horse-Trainer with several Horses. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 15, 1739 (Hoet, i. 576), No. II (39 florins). 

63. A Riding-School. 

19 inches by 23^ inches. 

Sales. Adriaan Bout, The Hague, August n, 1733 (Hoet, i. 393), No. 

122 (415 florins). 

Van Zwieten, The Hague, April 12, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 20), No. 120 
No. 126 of original catalogue (400 florins, De Waart). 

63*7. A Riding-School. 

1 6 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Van Zwieten, The Hague, April 12, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 21), No. 125 
No. 131 of original catalogue (33 florins 5, Laars). 

63^. A Riding-School. [Pendant to 673^.] 

17 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Jacomo de Wit, Antwerp, May 15, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 41), No. 114 
(252 florins). 

63^. A Riding-School. 

In the Bicker van Zwieten collection, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 463). 

63^. A Riding-School. 

Sale. Dirk Kindt and others, The Hague, September 27, 1762, No. 6 (10 
florins). 

63*. A Riding-School. Sm. 61. With a woman making cakes 
for sale. 

Panel, 18 inches by 15 inches. 

In 1752 in the collection of Lormier (Hoet, ii. 447); according to his 
store-room catalogue of December 1754, No. 346, he had acquired it from 
Peter Jean Sneyers, Antwerp. 

Sale. Willem Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Terw. 335), No. 332 
(605 florins). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 275 

64. A Rider breaking-in a Young Horse. Sm. 127. [Pendant 
to 430.] 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 8| inches. 

Sale. Blondel de Gagny, Paris, December 10, 1771, No. 117 (2500 
francs, with pendant). 

65. A Riding-School. Sm. 60, and 166. Grooms exercising three 
horses. 

Panel, 14 inches by 17 inches. 

In 1752 in the collection of Lormier (Hoet, ii. 447) ; according to his 
store-room catalogue of December 1754, No. 345, he had acquired it from 
Jacobus Wouters, Antwerp (for 330 florins). 

Sales. Willem Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Trew. 335), No. 331 

(260 florins). 

Borremans, Brussels, June 5, 1781 (805 florins). 
Laborde, Paris, June 14, 1784 (withdrawn). 

650. A Riding-School. Sm. 167 "A beautiful picture" (Sm.). 
Panel, 15 inches by 17 inches. 

Said to have been presented by Louis XIV. to the Cardinal Gonzaga. 
Sale. William Ellis Agar, London, 1807. 

66. A Riding-School. In the right foreground stands a man 
pulling on his right boot ; he rests his foot on a bank. Behind him is a 
rider on a grey horse, seen from the back. Near them a groom holds a 
brown horse which kicks out behind. Farther away a gentleman on a 
chestnut horse, facing the spectator, rides round a post, followed by a boy 
with a dog in leash. On the left two other men look on. Two fine 
Italian buildings. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 14 inches. 

Sales. P. J. Geelhand, Antwerp, July 5, 1784, No. I. 

Madame Wellens, nee Geelhand, Antwerp, August 21, 1810, No. 2 
(1900 florins, Wellens). , 

J. F. de Vinck de Wesel, Antwerp, August 16, 1814, No. 55 (1650 
francs). 

66a. A Riding-School. A fine saddled grey horse. 
Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Ph. van der Schley and D. du Pr6, Amsterdam, December 22, 1817, 
No. 141 (350 florins, Roos). 

66b. A Riding-School in the Open. Several horses are being 
broken- in. Beyond are figures. 
Canvas, 21 inches by 25 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, August 17, 1818, No. 90 (67 florins, Josi), 

66c. A Riding-School in the Open. In front of a great castle 
are some gentlemen on horseback or on foot near a training-pole. Fine 
landscape. 

Canvas, 23 inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of A. van Hall. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 27, 1840, No. 85 (66 florins, Hoele). 



276 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

66d. A Riding-School. In the foreground a gentleman in a Spanish 
costume sits on a rearing grey horse which seems frightened of the whip 
held by a groom standing near. On the same side a boy holds a barking 
dog. On the right a groom is saddling a dark-brown horse. Behind it, 
near an archway, are trees, under which are grouped some ladies and 
gentlemen, on horse or on foot. In the middle distance two children sit 
on a bank near a flock of sheep and goats. In the background are fields, 
buildings, and hills. There are light clouds in the sky. [Pendant to 885.] 

Canvas, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. E. P. Cremer, Middelburg, May 17, 1847, No. 93 pendant to 94. 

66e. A Riding-School (or, The Leaping-Bar). Sm. Suppl. 202. 
Near the walls of a fortified town, three gentlemen watch a groom 
teaching a horse to leap. In front a boy holds a grey ; beyond, a bay 
horse is tied to a post. On the top of a wall are three men. [Pendant 
to 467^.] " These pictures have become a little dark by time" (Sm.). 

In the collection of Lord Saye and Sele, Belvedere, 1842 (Sm.). 
Sale. Sir C. E. Eardley, London, June 30, 1860 (89 : 53.). 

66/ The Riding-School. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 578. 

Then in the collection of the Duke of Richmond. 

67. A Spanish Riding-School. [Pendant to 347*.] 
Canvas, 17 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Count Cajetan Brunetti, Vienna, January 12, 1871, No. 128. 

67*. A Riding-School. With a kicking horse. 
1 8 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. London, February 6, 1897, No. 95. 

68. A Riding-School. A groom rides a horse round a post, at 
which stands the riding-master with a whip. On the other side, in the 
middle distance, two men and a dog are near an old building. 

Described by Sm. from an engraving by J. Visscher. 

69. THE WATERING-PLACE. Sm. 453, and Suppl. 261. 
On the right is a river ; a man rides a grey horse into the water. Near 
him, on the bank, is a man in a dark-blue jacket on a bay horse ; he leads 
by the bridle a grey horse, seen in profile to the right, which kicks out 
behind. From the left a little boy in a red jacket comes running to the 
right. At the back is a wall with a wooden cross on it, at the foot of 
which are seated some peasants. Farther back a peasant comes riding to 
the water. In the distance is a round tower. Blue sky with clouds. 
The prevailing tone is a bluish-grey. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Transferred from the National Museum, The Hague, to Amsterdam, 1808. 
Sale. Amsterdam Museum directors, Amsterdam, August 4, 1828, No. 163 

(31 50 florins, Spies, who probably bought it in for the Museum) ; 

this is not noted in the Amsterdam catalogue. 



PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 277 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 2716 ; it was there 
in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 250). 

70. THE WATERING-PLACE. Sm. 172 and Suppl. 62; M. 
6. A landscape with a broad river on the left flowing away into the 
distance. The bank rises to a hill on the right. In the middle distance, 
to the left of a ruined house, stands an old tree, the stem of which forks 
near the ground. In the left foreground three washerwomen are busy at 
the waterside. To the right of them a groom rides a dark horse out of the 
water, in which stand, farther back, a second horse, having its back to the 
spectator and carrying a man and a boy, and a third horse facing the 
spectator. From the right another groom rides a grey horse into the 
water and leads another horse by the halter behind him. Nearer the front 
is a spirited horse which a man with difficulty holds by the bridle. In 
front, a man comes out of the water, carrying his clothes past the horse. 
A boy pulls a dog into the water. In the extreme right foreground sit a 
man and woman. Behind them in the middle distance comes a groom 
riding a dark horse to the watering-place and leading a horse which kicks 
out behind at a barking dog. On the river in the left middle distance is a 
ferry-boat with two horses and figures. In front of it, in deep water, is a 
groom riding one horse and leading another. " This picture was painted 
in the artist's best time and is remarkably clear throughout" (Sm.). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 18 inches by 25^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curioszte, i. 422 and ii. 88. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 6, as " L'Abreuvoir." 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1824. 

Sales. Servad, Amsterdam, June 25, 1778, No. 123 (2500 florins, Fouquet). 

Montribloud, Paris, February 9, 1784 (5102 francs). 

Calonne, Paris, 1788 (6400 francs). 

Benjamin West, London, June 23, 1820 (735, bought in). 

Joseph Barchard, London, 1826 (682 : ios., Bonnemaison). 

Chevalier Ferol Bonnemaison, Paris, April 17, 1827 (20,000 francs). 

Nieuwenhuys, London, May 10, 1833 (955 : ios., Warne ; said by 

Sm. to have been bought in). 

In the Van der Hoop collection, Amsterdam, 1842 (Sm.). 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Van der Hoop bequest, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 2717. 

71. THE WATERING-PLACE. Grooms ride three horses, two 
brown and one grey, down a low sloping bank into a river. In the water 
to the left, men are bathing. Near them is a huntsman with dogs. A 
woman holds a child in her arms. The horizon is bounded by hills ; there 
are light clouds in the sky. A work of the good and mature period. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; panel, 
14 inches by 18^ inches. 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1890, No. 328, and 1906, No. 158. 
In the collection of James Simon, Berlin. 

72. HORSES WATERING AND MEN BATHING IN A 
RIVER. On the right is a broad river. It flows to the left past a high 



278 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

hill crowned with houses ; on the low bank to the right is a village. On 
the left, near a water-mill, comes a laden mule. In the foreground horses 
are watering, and bathers are on the bank and in the river. In the right 
distance is a range of hills. 

Signed with the monogram ; canvas, 26 inches by 40^ inches. 

Engraved in the Galerie Lebrun (1792-96) as " Les Bords du Rhin." 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1890, No. 331. 

In the collection of Count Bruhl, Dresden. 

Sales. Etienne Le Roy of Brussels, Paris, April 18, 1842. 

John W. Wilson, Paris, April 27, 1874, No. 80. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 230. 

In the Wallich collection, Berlin. 

73. THE WATERING-PLACE. With men bathing. A man 
on the right wears a very bright-red costume. A sunset sky painted in a 
broad and sketchy manner. 

Panel. 

In the collection of Lord Palmerston, Broadlands. 

In the collection of A. E. M. Ashley, Broadlands. 

74. RIDERS WATERING THEIR HORSES, AND 
BATHERS. Sm. 78 and Suppl. 32. On the right is a large piece of 
water ; a woman with two children is bathing. Farther away is a boy ; 
in the middle distance several others are in the water or in a boat. On the 
right near the centre two horsemen let their horses drink. The right-hand 
man is seen from the back, in a foreshortened view ; the left-hand man, 
who almost faces the spectator, has a boy mounted behind him. A third 
horse, seen in profile to the right, is about to enter the water ; his rider 
sits sideways and thus has his back to the spectator. A fourth rider on a 
grey is still on the bank ; he faces the spectator, but turns his head to the 
right to look at the bathers. On the extreme left two women with a 
basket of linen are on the bank. In the right middle distance a little 
wooden bridge stands high above the water ; on it are two children with 
a dog. It abuts upon the remains of a stone bridge, on which is a little 
toll-house overgrown with bushes. A late and very dark picture. [Pendant 
to 822.] 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 19 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiostte, i. 165 ; and by Parthey 
(ii. 809). 

Engraved by Beaumont, No. 4, as "Les Nageurs." 

In the Barez collection. 

Sale. La Live de Jully, Paris, March 1770 (4001 francs, with pendant, 

Donjeu). 

Sold separately from the Robit collection, Paris, 1801 (2500 francs). 
In the collection of Prince Esterhazy, Vienna, 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 



In the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, 1906 catalogue, No. 490 (old 
No. 297). 

75. THE^ WATERING-PLACE. Sm. 369. A barren land- 



viir PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 279 

scape, with a river in the left foreground. A man on a dark horse leads a 
fine prancing white horse towards the water. Near them are a barking 
dog, another horseman, and an old man lifting up a boy behind him. 
Farther away are some washerwomen. Nearer to the right are some boys 
on the ground. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1868, No. 790. 

Engraved by Cochin, No. 90, as "Entree d'Abreuvoir," when in the 
Verbeckt collection, 1756 j and by Rousseau, when in the Aved collection. 

Sales. Verbeckt, Paris, 1756. 

Aved, Paris, November 24, 1766. 
Rousseau, Paris, August 22, 1785. 

In the collection of the Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth. 

76. A WATERING-PLACE NEAR A RUIN. Sm. 510 and 

Suppl. 248. On the left is a river, in which men are bathing and grooms 
are watering horses. One groom in a scarlet jacket sits on a grey which is 
kicking, and leads a spirited bay by the halter. In the centre is an old 
ruined tower. To the right is a road with horsemen. In front of the 
ruin a boy in red climbs up behind the rider of a grey horse that has come 
out of the water. In front are three washerwomen, and a little boy playing 
with a boat. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, i8j inches by 24^ inches. 

Hlibner says it is mentioned in the 1722 Dresden inventory, probably as 
No. A. 410 j but this, as the existing No. 1447 prefixed to it shows, is 77. 

First mentioned in Guarienti's catalogue (before 1753), No. 1713 ; but it 
almost looks like a pendant to 77. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1436 (Sm. 
valued it in 1842 at 420). 

77. A WATERING-PLACE BESIDE A CASTLE. Sm. 
Suppl. 183. To the left is a river. A groom on a brown horse rides out 
of the water, leading a bay horse. Behind, to the right, a man in a blue 
jacket on a bay horse is letting the animal drink. In the centre foreground 
two riders on the bank are urging their horses into the stream. To the 
right is another rider ; his own horse kicks out behind, and the horse which 
he is leading by the halter refuses to move. In the immediate foreground 
beside the water are three washerwomen, and a boy sailing a toy boat. 
On the bank to the right sits a woman with a child at her breast, near 
a cradle. Beyond, on rising ground, is a castle, cut off by the frame ; it 
has a cannon ; in front of it is a sentry. In the river to the left are two 
horsemen and three boys bathing. The landscape is drawn from two 
different view-points. The background is seen from a much higher view- 
point than the foreground. [Compare 76.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

In the Dresden inventory of 1722, No. A. 410. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1447 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at ^400). 

78. THE GREY HORSE AT THE WATERING-PLACE.- 



2 8o PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

To the right, under trees with scanty foliage, on a low hill, are an old man 
and a woman with a child at her breast. In the foreground a peasant 
leads a grey horse to the watering-place on the left. An early work. 
[Probably identical with 100.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; panel, 
13 inches by io inches. 

A copy is in the Gotha Museum, 1890 catalogue, No. 198. 

Engraved in aquatint by C. A. Witzani. 

Sale. (Probably) P. Calkoen, Amsterdam, September 10, 1781, No. 160 

(21 florins, Coders). 

Probably in Cotter's Dresden inventory, No. 51. 
Brought out of the store-room into the gallery, 1851. 
In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1455. 

79. HORSES IN THE WATER NEAR TREES. A small 
picture. 

In the collection of Emil Goldschmidt, junior, Frankfort-on-Main. 

80. HORSES WATERING. To the right are high hills. In the 
foreground are eight horses. To the left, near a boat, people are bathing. 
An early work. 

Signed in the right centre with the full monogram. 

In the collection of Sir Hickman Bacon, Gainsborough. 

81. HORSES WATERING. In the foreground is a rider on a 
grey horse in profile to the right. He lets his horse drink in the stream, 
while he leads a brown horse, seen from the back. Two men are swimming 
in the water. Farther back to the right are two boats, one of them loaded 
with hay ; beyond them is a village. On the bank to the left is an old 
and almost leafless willow ; a woman with a basket on her arm and a boy 
are walking past it. Behind the willow the ground rises to a hill which 
falls away gradually on the right. A sky with stormy clouds at twilight. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; panel, 
12 inches by 15 inches. 

In the collections of Nicolaus Hudtwalker, Hamburg, and of Johann 
Wesselhoeft, Hamburg. 

In the Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Wesselhoeft's 1889 catalogue, p. 13. 

82. THE WATERING-PLACE (or, The Restive Led Horse). 

Sm. Suppl. 40. A boy on a brown horse, facing the spectator, rides into a 
stream. He looks round at a white horse which he is leading by the reins ; 
it rears and refuses to follow. To the right, farther back, are two children. 
A little girl wades into the water ; an older boy stands on the bank with 
a fishing rod. In the right background is a building. [Pendant to 170, 
also in the Moltke collection.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 12^ inches by 14 inches. 

See note to 170, in the same collection. 

In the collection of Count Moltke, Copenhagen, 1885 catalogue, No. 87 ; 
it was there in 1842 (Sm.). 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 281 

83. Watering Horses at the River. Men are watering their 
horses at a river in which people are bathing. 

Signed with the full monogram. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1889, No. 85. 
In the collection of R. Baillie Hamilton, London. 

84. GROOMS WATERING HORSES. Sm. 418 and Suppl. 
197. In the right centre, at the foot of a bridge, over which comes a 
haywain with two brown horses, a man on a brown horse, seen from the 
back, is about to ride into the water. He leads a rearing dappled-grey, 
which is to the left of him. To the right and farther back are three other 
horses in the water ; one is a white horse with a rider on its back ; beside 
it is a brown horse ; behind it to the left is a grey ridden by a man and a 
child. Farther away some boys are bathing. In the left foreground a 
naked man snatches up his clothes and moves aside from the dappled-grey, 
at which a dog is barking. At the back, half on the bridge, a man draws 
a square net from the water. Two persons look on. Farther left are two 
beggars. [Pendant to 939.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 47). 

Engraved by J. Scott in the Stafford Gallery, No. 98. 
Sale. Amsterdam, June 26, 1799, No. 12 (425 florins, Van der Schley). 
In the collection of Lord Francis Egerton, Bridgewater House, 1829 (Sm.). 
In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, 1891 
catalogue, No. 283. 

85. WATERING HORSES. In the foreground is a river, which 
stretches away to the left distance. In the centre foreground a man on a 
dark horse rides out of the water, leading a dappled horse. To the left a 
horse stands in the water, drinking ; a man and a boy sit on its back. To 
the left of it is another horse with its head turned away from the spectator. 
On the right a white horse on the bank is leaping to the right. There 
are people bathing and women washing clothes. Two boys are swimming 
to the left ; in the middle distance is a ferry-boat with cattle. On the 
right, through a ruined archway, in the Italian style, a man comes riding on 
a mule, followed by another mule. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, \i\ inches by 14! inches. 

In the Electoral Gallery, Munich. 

In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 503. 

86. Watering Horses. A groom on a brown horse leads a white 
horse which is turning round and rearing up. A dog barks at it. To the 
right is another groom on a brown horse ; a peasant lifts a boy up behind 
the groom. To the left two persons are bathing in a river. On the bank 
behind a tree and a pigeon-loft is a barn, in front of which children are 
playing. Behind the horses women are washing clothes at the riverside. 
In the right-hand corner is an overturned basket. On the horizon are 
hills. Blue sky with white clouds. 

Panel, n inches by 14 inches. 



282 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer. 
In the collection of the Marquise de Ganay, Paris, 1902. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

87. WATERING HORSES. Sm. 378 and Suppl. 169. To 
the left a naked groom is swimming his horse in a stream near a stone 
bridge with two arches. Another groom, whip in hand, drives into the 
water a brown horse which is drinking at the bank. Through one of the 
arches of the bridge are seen two women washing clothes. On the bridge a 
man and a woman carrying a child look on. To the right a groom in a 
red jacket rides a white horse out of the water. Behind him, near an 
archway beside the bridge, people are watching the horses. Farther right 
a groom on a white horse leads a chestnut. A dark and unattractive 
picture of the master's late period. [Pendant to 438*.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curiosite", i. 12. 

Engraved by P. Moitte in the BrQhl collection, No. 15. 

Sales. (Supplementary), Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, April 9, 1737, No. 20 

(3775 francs, with another picture). 
Izaak Hoogenbergh, Amsterdam, April 10, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 81), No. 

14 (310 florins according to Sm.). 
In the collection of Count Brtihl, Dresden. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1004; it 
was there in 1842 (Sm.). 

88. RIDERS HALTING TO WATER THEIR HORSES 
AT A LAKE. To the left on the bank is a steep rock behind which 
the sun is setting. To the right on the farther bank is a stone archway ; 
in the distance is a round tower. On the road from the archway some 
horsemen and pedestrians come towards the front, where some riders are 
watering or swimming their horses. A standard-bearer on a brown horse 
in the foreground converses with a woman on a mule ; near her another 
woman sits on the ground embracing her two little children. To the 
right a shepherd stands leaning on his staff ; his dog barks at the soldiers, 
while his sheep rest in the shade of bushes. The landscape is almost the 
same as in 362. This is a work of the early period and is not very good. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas (relined in 1828), 26^ inches by 40 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1026. 

89. WATERING HORSES. Sm. Suppl. 236. In the fore- 
ground of a sandy and hilly landscape flows a river, winding down from 
right to left. On it is a boat, near which are bathers. Three horses with 
riders are watering. One man has dismounted and stands beside his 
horse while it drinks. Several peasants resting on the bank to the right. 
Opposite them on the left are an angler, seated, and a man standing up ; 
the man converses with a woman who is fetching a pail of water. Two 
travellers are on an arched bridge over a small tributary of the river, which 
flows from between hills on the left. On the nearest hill in the left-hand 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 283 

corner is a farm with a vine-clad arbour and a high pigeon-loft in front of 
it. On the second hill is a low thatched cottage with a vine-clad arbour 
in front of the door. On the road Jeading past it are a peasant and two 
horsemen. Long ranges of hills are in the distance to the right. "This 
beautiful picture is painted in the artist's grey or silvery manner " (Sm.). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of the Duke of Mecklenburg, Ludwigslust, 1842 (Sm.). 

In the Schwerin Museum, 1882 catalogue, No. 1126. 

90. WATERING HORSES. In the foreground a man in a 
violet coat leads his brown-and-white spotted horse by the bridle to the 
left into the water. To the left, behind him, another horseman halts in 
profile to the left, and turns his head to the front towards his comrade. 
To the right, behind him, stands a woman with a child in her arms ; 
beside her sits a man. Beyond them is a pasture ; in front of them is a 
dog. In the extreme left foreground is seen the prow of a boat ; a man 
in the boat holds a rope trailing through the water ; the other end of the 
rope is held by a rider with a sack before him who waters his horse in the 
stream. On a wall in the middle distance behind them are two anglers 
and a man looking on. There are buildings on the farther bank. The 
picture has become extremely dark. 

Signed on the right with the early monogram ; panel, 12 inches by 
14^ inches. 

A copy was in the sale Adriaan Holzman van Baarle van Romunde and 
others, Amsterdam, October 31, 1905, No. 130. 

Acquired by Gustavus III. of Sweden, from the Sack collection, 1779. 

In the National Museum, Stockholm, 1900 catalogue, No. 718. 

91. WATERING AND EXERCISING HORSES. Sm. 

410 and Suppl. 244. On a flat place in the middle distance of a broad 
landscape a horseman is galloping round a post, at which stands the riding- 
master with a whip. A second rider on a grey waits farther back. 
Spectators stand or lie round. In the centre, nearer the front, a horseman 
leads a fine grey past a lady and gentleman, who are followed by a boy ; 
a dog barks at the horse. The gentleman wears cloak and sword, plumed 
hat and riding boots ; the lady wears a blue coat over her yellow dress, 
and holds a fan in her right hand. In the right foreground horses are 
being led into the water. One rider with a boy in a red cap behind him 
sits on his horse, which stands in the water drinking. On the bank is a 
washerwoman ; two bathers are coming out. A groom on horseback leads 
another horse into the water. A boy on a dappled-grey, leading a brown 
horse, rides past a tree down a steep road into the water ; the brown 
horse kicks out at two boys. The road leads over a stone bridge to an 
old castle, with ruined towers, on one of which is still mounted a cannon. 
In the distance are a river, woods, scattered houses, a town, and a range of 
blue hills. The work belongs to the brighter middle period. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram in square 
Roman letters ; canvas, 32^ inches by 50^ inches. 

Sent by the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm from Brussels to Vienna, 1651. 



284 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the Vienna Gallery from 1783. 
From 1809 to 1815 at the Louvre. 

In the Imperial Museum, Vienna,. 1907 catalogue, No. 1348; it was at 
the Belvedere Palace, 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 472 : IDS.). 

92. BATHERS IN A LANDSCAPE. Sm. 501. On the left 
is a broad river with a bridge in the middle distance. In the foreground 
two men stand in the water, while a third swims with a dog. On the 
bank are three naked boys ; others are undressing. On the road to the 
right are two horses ; one, a grey, is held by a man ; on the other, which 
stands to the right facing the spectator, sits a peasant. The road goes 
away past a farm to a village, the church of which is on a hill in the 
middle distance. On a projecting rock is a ruined castle ; in the distance 
is a high hill. A fine but somewhat late picture. [Compare 187.] 

Signed in the right-hand corner, near the frame, with the full mono- 
gram ; canvas, 23 inches by 32 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 813). 

In the collection of Prince Liechtenstein, Vienna, 1885 catalogue, No. 
432 ; it was there in 1829 (Sm.). 

93. WATERING HORSES. A grey horse is being ridden into 
a river, which is crossed by a bridge. 

Panel, 5| inches by 7^ inches. 
Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 810). 
In the collection of Prince Liechtenstein, Vienna, 1885 catalogue, No. 449. 

94. WATERING HORSES. Two grooms, each with two horses, 
come out of the water. A bridge, over which a pack-ass is being driven, 
leads to a mill. Very dark in tone ; of the end of the middle period. 

Panel, 14 inches by i6 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 813). 

In the collection of Prince Liechtenstein, Vienna, 1885 catalogue, No. 453. 

94*. Watering Horses. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 
80 (36 florins 10). 

94/>. Watering Horses. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 18, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 
87 (50 florins). 

94<r. Watering Horses. 

Sale. Gerard van Sypes, Utrecht, April n, 1714 (Hoet, i. 173), No. 14 
(180 florins). 

Q)\d. Watering Horses. With four horses and two persons 
swimming. 

14 inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. Jaques Meyers, Rotterdam, September 9, 1722 (Hoet, i. 276), No. 
106 (375 florins). 

94*. Watering Horses. 
i8 inches by 22^ inches. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 285 

Sale. Jaques Meyers, Rotterdam, September 9, 1722 (Hoet, i. 276), No. 
in (250 florins). 

94/ Watering Horses. 

26 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 31, 1725 (Hoet, i. 313), No. 7 (260 florins). 

94. Watering Horses. 

19^ inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. Adriaan Bout, The Hague, August u, 1733 (Hoet, i. 393), No. 123 
(505 florins). 

94/j. Watering Horses. 

13^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Jacomo de Wit, Antwerp, May 15, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 41), No. 119 
(231 florins). 

94;. Watering Horses. With various fine horses and figures. 
i8| inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Floris Drabbe, Leyden, April I, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 76), No. 7 (525 
florins). 

95. Watering Horses. In a landscape a groom leads a horse to 
water. 

15 inches by 19^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tre'sor de la Curiosite, i. 61. 
Sale. De Tugny and Crozat, Paris, June 1751. 

95#. Watering Horses. [Pendant to 440.] 
25^ inches by 21 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 64. 
Sale. De Tugny and Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (3200 francs, with 
pendant). 

95^. Watering Horses. Various figures and horses. 
1 8 inches by 20-^ inches. 

In the collection of A. L. van Heteren, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 462) ; 
it did not pass with the collection to the Rijksmuseum, 1809. 

95<r. Horses at the Watering-Place. 

17^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Van Zwieten, The Hague, April 12, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 20), No. 122 

No. 128 of the original catalogue (275 florins, Sythoff). 
In the collection of Bicker van Zwieten, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 464). 

95<^. Horses Watering. Figures and horses watering. 
Panel, 15^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Pictures from Saxony, Amsterdam, May 22, 1765 (Terw. 445), 
Appendix D (131 florins). 

95*?. Horses Watering. 

Canvas, 20^ inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 5, 1765 (Terw. 452), No. 5 (42 florins 10). 



286 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 



Horses Watering. 
13 inches by 18 inches. 
In the collection of A. Leers, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 524). 

Sale. Arnoud Leers, Amsterdam, May 19, 1767 (Terw. 598), No. 34 
(400 florins). 

95. Horses Watering. 

10 inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Dordrecht, November 7, 1768, No. 5 (36 florins). 

96. Horses Watering. In the foreground of a hilly landscape some 
persons are undressing, while others are swimming in a stream. Three 
horses are either in the water or coming out. A fourth is led by a man 
down a bank. In the middle distance are a round tower and other build- 
ings, and two women standing by the water. In the left distance are 
high hills. 

Panel, 23 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 25, 1771, No. 6 (455 florins, Verzilo). 

96*. Horses Watering. Horses, figures, and dogs. 
1 6 inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of the Bisschops, Rotterdam, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 528), which 
was bought as a whole by the Hopes, 1771. 

97. Horses Watering. A groom leads two horses into a river, 
where two men are bathing. Two figures are on the bank. 

Panel, roj inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Van Schorel, Antwerp, June 7, 1774, No. 85. 

98. Horses Watering. In a hilly landscape, a man on a brown 
horse leads a grey horse into a broad river. In the foreground are persons 
resting ; farther away are boys swimming and some sailing-boats. 

Panel, 12^ inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Catharina Bullens, widow of Justus Oosterdijk, Amsterdam, July 23, 
1777, No. I (576 florins, Wubbels). 

99. Horses Watering. Near the wall of an old fortress with build- 
ings, is a river. In front a man leads a grey horse into the water. Near 
him some sportsmen are swimming or undressing. Part of a boat is seen 
in the distance. 

Panel, 17! inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. P. Calkoen, Amsterdam, September 10, 1781, No. 159 (75 florins, 
Van der Pot). 

100. Horses Watering. In the foreground of a hilly landscape a 
grey horse is drinking at a stream. A peasant stands at the side holding 
it by the bridle. Farther away is a woman with a child on her lap ; an 
old man rests near her. In the distance is a castle. [Probably identical 
with 78.] 

Panel, 13 \ inches by io inches. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 287 

Sale. P. Calkoen, Amsterdam, September 10, 1781, No. 160 (21 florins, 
Coders). 



Horses Watering. With various horses and figures. 
Panel, 13! inches by 19! inches. 

Sale. W. Coole, Rotterdam, August 6, 1782, No. 92. 



. Travellers and Peasants watering their Horses. A 

river in a hilly landscape. 

Panel, 10 inches by 9^ inches. 

Sale. C. H. van Heemskerck, widow of A. Westerhoff, The Hague, 
August 26, 1782, No. 10 (167 florins). 



c. Horses Watering. Beside a river is a horseman, leading a 
second horse j he is about to water the horses. In the river are bathers, 
with a boat farther away. There are hills in the distance. By Wouwer- 
man or in his manner. 

Panel, u inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Charle and others, Antwerp, July 8, 1784, No. 34 (31 florins, 
Verpoorten). 

lood. Horses Watering. In the foreground a man with a boy 
behind him sits on a grey horse. Another horseman, in the water, lets 
his horse drink. A third man leads a horse into the water, where some 
boys are swimming. A woman washes linen. Behind her, a woman 
on an ass, followed by a man, comes down a slope between houses. In 
the distance are houses and hills. 

Panel, i8J inches by i\\ inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
516 (235 florins, Liederman). 

101. Horses Watering. A peasant on a brown horse, who leads a 
grey, is about to ride into the water. Near him is a dog. 
Panel, 1 1 inches by 8 inches. 
Sale. H. Bredeman, Amsterdam, July I, 1788, No. 36 (10 florins, Kallar). 



Gentlemen riding their Horses into the Water. 

[Pendant to 1098^.] 

Panel, 10 inches by loj inches. 

Sale. J. C. Werther, Amsterdam, April 25, 1792, No. 185. 

102. A Watering-Place. Sm. 210. Three figures and two horses 
in the foreground. 

Panel, 12 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Wattier, Paris, 1797 (1200 francs). 

1020. Horses Watering. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 330. 

In the Vitturi collection, Venice ; bought as a whole by Thomas Moore 
Slade and afterwards sold by him (No. 45, Van Heythusen). 



288 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

103. Travellers watering their Horses at a River. Sm. 

233. To the right are rocks and trees, near which some travellers halt. 
Two have dismounted. The others water their horses in a river on the 
left, where some boys are bathing. Near them are two men in a boat. 
In the middle distance is a lady on horseback, attended by a man on foot 
who holds her horse's bridle and followed by another servant. 

Panel. 

In the collection of Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (priced at .105). 

104. Horses Watering. Sm. 419. A landscape with the ruins of 
a tower, and an old bridge with a rustic fence of poles at its side and a 
statue at the farther end. In front are four men with horses. Two are 
watering their horses in a river on the right, which a third man has just 
quitted. The fourth lets his horse feed out of a basket which he holds. 

Panel, about 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Engraved in the gallery of Lucien Bonaparte. 

Sold with the collection of Lucien Bonaparte, 1816. 

Sale. London, 1816 (210). 



Grooms watering Horses near a Bridge. 

Sale. Lord Gwydir, London, March 10, 1829 (315). 

105. A Groom watering two Horses. Sm. Suppl. 269. A 
river flows on the right. It is bounded on the left by a rugged hill, with 
two old trees on the top. Here a groom, mounted on a white horse and 
leading a bay, has ridden down the bank into the river; the white horse is 
drinking but the bay will not enter the water. Two boys bathing are 
frightened at the horses. A woman with a child at her side passes near the 
two trees on the hill. In the right distance is a boat, faintly seen through 
the evening mist. 

(Probably) panel, 12^ inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Marquess of Camden, London, 1841 (162 : 153., Smith). 

Compare 109, to which Sm. refers (Sm. 138), and which he identifies also 
with the Delessert picture (Suppl. 133). His descriptions are similar, but the 
colours of the horses are different and the woman and child are not mentioned 
in the Paillet and Delessert picture. 

106. Horses Watering. A groom leads two horses to the watering 
place. To the left sits a woman, arranging the contents of a basket, in 
which is a lamb. Behind her is a woman on horseback, followed by a man 
with a basket on his back. To the right is a town on the bank of a canal, 
in which are boats and persons swimming. 

Panel, i6 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Heris, Brussels, June 19, 1846, No. 93. 

107. Horses Watering. Sm. 240. "An exquisite and highly 
finished picture in the artist's enamelled style ; the horses are full of action 
and a clear transparent effect pervades the piece " (Sm.). 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 317 ; and by Waagen 
(ii. 239). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 289 

Sale. Countess of Holderness, London, March 6, 1802, No. 71 (178 : ios., 

Earl of Breadalbane). 
In the collection of the Earl of Breadalbane, 1854 (Waagen). 

1 08. Horses Watering. Two horses ; one of them, a grey, is 
rearing. Two bathers. It seems genuine and good, but is not well 
preserved. 

In the collection of the Earl of Burlington, Holker Hall, 1857 (Waagen, 
Suppl. 423). 

loSa. Horses Watering. 
12 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sales. Cornelissen, 1842. 

B. de S., Paris, May 4, 1865, No. 204. 

109. Watering Horses. Sm. 138 and Suppl. 133. A hilly land- 
scape with a large piece of water to the right. On the left a groom on a 
roan horse rides down the bank, leading a restive piebald horse which 
follows with reluctance. A youth sits on the bank ; another is undressing 
to bathe ; two boys are in the water. Wooded hills on the opposite bank. 
Light clouds in the sky. "A good production " (Sm.). [See note to 105.] 

Panel, u inches by 14! inches ; the Paillet picture was said to measure 
12 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (2000 francs). 

In the collection of Baron Delessert, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. F. Delessert, Paris, March 15, 1869, No. 109 (7500 francs). 

no. Horses Watering. A groom has led two horses into a little 
stream on the left, where there are several bathers. Another man on a 
brown horse rides into the stream, leading a rearing grey. In the fore- 
ground are washerwomen and a horseman with dogs. Another horseman 
comes down over a bridge which leads to the town gate. Blue sky with 
clouds driven by the wind. [Probably identical with 113, though the 
price in 1870 seems low.] 

Canvas, 18 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Marquis du Blaisel, Paris, March 16, 1870, No. 139 (410 francs). 

i loa. Horses Watering. 

Sale. Peploe, London, 1884 (275, bought in). 

nob. Horses Watering. 

12 inches by 5| inches. 

Sale. London, 1884 (262 : ios.). 

ill. HORSES WATERING. In the centre a groom on a fine 
horse almost faces the spectator. He turns his head back to the right to 
look at a comrade whose horse has stumbled in the water and who barely 
saves himself from being thrown. To the left, behind the first groom, 
another man is watering his horse, seen in profile. Between the two and 
farther away is a fourth man. In the extreme left foreground is a dark 
horse, seen from the back. In the middle distance a man with a bundle 
VOL. u u 



290 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

comes from a ruined building. In the right middle distance a man is 
swimming in the river. Near the farther bank is a boat ; beyond it is a 
castle amidst trees. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, August 23, 1850, No. 35. 

Adrian Hope, London, June 30, 1894, No. 72 (252). 

ma. Horses Watering. At a little stream near ruins peasants are 
watering their horses. Other groups are on the bank. 
Canvas, 9^ inches by 13^ inches. 
Sale. Krupp, jun., and others, Cologne, October 29, 1894, No. 223. 

i lib. Horses Watering. In the foreground horses are led into a 
river, where people are bathing. To the right is a road. In the back- 
ground are houses and hills. The picture is painted over one of the 
Virgin, the contours of which may be traced. 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, i8 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Henry Doetsch, London, June 22, 1895, No. 383. 

112. GROOMS WATERING HORSES. Sm. Suppl. 170. 
At a broad river, crossing the picture diagonally, horses are being ridden in 
and out of the water. On the left a large stone bridge with two arches 
leads to a town in the distance. A man on the left whips a horse to make 
it enter the water. To the right of him a groom, with a boy behind him, 
rides a white horse out of the water. Farther right another rider lets his 
horse stand and drink ; it is seen from the back. Near these are two 
bathers and two men undressing. Farther in the river are two restive 
horses near a boat. On the opposite bank are washerwomen. To the 
left, through the front arch of the bridge, is seen a harvest waggon, which 
is being loaded. "Painted in the artist's second manner" (Sm.). 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 13^ inches by i8 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 291). 

Engraved by Champollion. 

Exhibited London, 1853. 

In the collection of the Earl of Ashburnham, Battle, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sir Thomas Baring gave it in exchange for an Italian picture to the dealer 
Buchanan, who sold it to Sm. in 1843 ; afterwards it was bought by Pennell 
(300) according to Sm.'s MS. note in his own copy of the catalogue. But 
this statement does not tally with the alleged fact that Lord Ashburnham owned 
the picture in 1842 and in 1850. 

Sales. Earl of Ashburnham, London, July 20, 1850 and 1860. 

Miss Bredel, London, May I, 1875 (630, Nieuwenhuys). 
Nieuwenhuys, London, 1881. 

In the collection of M. de Saint Albin. 

In the collection of Comte Arthur de Vogue". 

In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 300 
Paintings," 1898, No. 229. 

In the possession of the New York dealer Knoedler, 1898. 

ii2fl. Grooms watering Horses. 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 291 

According to the 1902 sale catalogue this was in the 

Collection of Count Brtlhl. 

Collection of Edmund Phipps. 
Sale. C. Beckett Denison, London, June 6, 1885. 
Collection of Hugh Muir. 
Sale. London, May 3, 1902, No. 95. 

113. WATERING HORSES. Sm. 179 ; M. 62. To the left is 
a river ; to the right is the bank, where a road leads to a stone bridge over 
the river and thence to an archway in the round tower of a castle. A 
man with hawk on wrist rides forward on the right with three dogs. To 
the left of him, a groom on a dark horse rides down the river-bank, leading 
a restive white horse. Farther left and nearer the front are two washer- 
women ; one stands with basket on head, facing the spectator ; the other 
kneels at her work. In the river are a mounted groom, a grey horse, and 
two bathers. [Probably identical with no, though the 1870 price seems 
low.] 

Signed ; canvas, 18^ inches by 23 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite", i. 424. 
Engraved by Moyreau, No. 62, as " L'Abreuvoir Hollandais," in the 
collection of M. de la Have. 1749. 

Sales. Widow of M. de la Haye, Paris, December I, 1778. 
Godefrey, Paris, April 25, 1785 (3100 francs). 

Baron Konigswarter, of Vienna, Berlin, November 20, 1906, No. 99 
(14,100 marks). 

114. HORSES WATERING. At a river; evening. To the 
left is the river with bathers and two horses, one of which has a rider. In 
the centre on a broad hilly road a groom in a red cap holds a rearing grey. 
Behind him is a mounted cavalier ; in front of him two half-clothed boys 
sit on the river-bank. In the right foreground is the tall stem of a dead 
oak. Reddish evening light. 

Signed ; panel, 24 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Baron Konigswarter, of Vienna, Berlin, November 20, 1906, No. 100 
(7000 marks). 

115. Watering Horses. Sm. 360 ; M. 83. A hilly landscape with 
a large cottage in the centre and a broad stream before it. Three men, 
one of whom has a woman behind him, are watering their horses. Three 
fishermen in the water are drawing nets. To the right are other figures. 
The ground is broken, and varied with hills and a few light trees. 

1 8 inches by 19 inches (?). 

Described from the engraving of Moyreau, No. 83, "L'Abreuvoir Flamand." 

116. THE FARRIER'S SHOP. Sm. 452. To the right, in 
front of a cave used as a smithy, is a brown horse. One man holds it, 
while another shoes its off hind-hoof. On the left a grey horse stands in 
profile to the left. Behind the horses is a loaded waggon ; a man is 
fastening the tilt. To the right, farther back, a woman sits nursing her 
child. From the left middle distance, between rocks spanned by a wooden 
bridge on which stands a girl, comes a man on a grey pack-horse, in 



292 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

company with a man on foot. A third man sits by the roadside. High 
up on the steep rock to the right are trees and a low tower. Dark in tone. 
Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 24^ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. G. Van der Pot, Rotterdam, June 6, 1808, No. 144 (1055 florins, 

Johannes Eck and Son, for the Rijksmuseum). 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 271$. 

117. THE VILLAGE SMITHY. Sm. 339; M. 40. In the 
centre a boy holds a white horse, facing left. A farrier with a red cap 
holds the horse's near fore-foot on his knee. The rider stands behind the 
horse. Farther left a peasant on a brown horse with a sack over his saddle 
stands looking on. Behind him to the left is a peasant woman with a 
bundle on her head. In the left foreground the farrier's man comes with 
the white-hot shoe from the smithy, which is in a cellar under a house 
overgrown with vines. Beside the house are a woman seated with a child 
at her breast and another man. In the left foreground are a boy and a 
nurse-girl, with their backs to the spectator. Two children play with a 
goat. There are also five fowls and a brown dog. 

13 inches by 24^ inches. 

A copy is in the collection of the Duke of Portland, Welbeck Abbey, 1894 
catalogue, No. 235. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 397). 

Engraved by Moyreau, 1741, No. 40, as "La Famille du Marechal " ; and 
by Beaumont, No. 7. 

In the Porlier collection, 1741. 

Sale. Sir M. W. Ridley, London, February 6, 1864 (W. Cox together 
with 450). 

Bought by Sm. from Cox with 450 in 1865, and sold to J. H. A. 
Poynder. 

In the collection of the Duke of Rutland, Belvoir Castle, No. 113. 

118. HORSES IN FRONT OF THE SMITHY. In front 
of a smithy, which is in a cave on the right, the smith is shoeing a brown 
horse, held by a peasant. A boy hands up the tools. In the smithy are 
two men. In the centre foreground a grey horse is feeding out of a basket 
held by a woman. Above, on the rock, is the smith's cottage. His wife 
spreads the washing on a fence in front of it. To the left is a restricted 
view of a hilly background. Deep blue sky, with bluish-purple and grey 
clouds. A work of the master's middle period. 

Panel, 16 inches by 12 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 812) as a Pieter Wouwerman. 

Sale. Count SchOnborn of Pommersfelden, Paris, May 17, 1867, No. 141 ; 
in the 1857 catalogue, No. 250, it was attributed to Pieter Wou- 
werman. 

In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1906 catalogue, No. 900^. 

119. SHOEING A HORSE IN FRONT OF A TENT. 

Sm. 102. In front of a tent to the right a smith is examining the near 
hind-hoof of a grey horse. The rider stands near, looking on. Behind 
them is a horseman facing the spectator. In the centre foreground, before 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



293 



a bare dead tree, a boy holds a grey horse with a red saddle, in profile to 
the right. The rider kneels in front, fastening his spurs. In the left 
middle distance a soldier sits on the ground, eating. In the distance a 
horseman converses with a woman in front of a sutler's booth. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, Ph. Wouwerman ; panel, 20 
inches by 15^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trhor de la Curiosite, i. 179 ; ii. 4 and 106. 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1906, No. 155. 

Engraved by Weith in the Choiseul Gallery, No. 20. 

Sales. Due de Choiseul, Paris, 1772 (1510 francs). 

Trouart, Paris, February 22, 1779 (1700 francs, Changran). 

Marquis de Changran, Paris, February 21, 1780 (1700 francs). 

Langraff, Paris, 1784 (2501 francs). 

Proley, Paris, 1787 (2110 francs). 

Count Koucheleff Besborodko, Paris, June 5, 1869, No. 42 (19,500 
francs). 

Edwardes, Paris, May 25, 1905, No. 45. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of Marcus Kappel, Berlin. 

120. FOUR CAVALIERS HALTING AT A FARRIER'S 
SHOP. Sm. 428 and Suppl. 201. Four cavaliers halt in the left fore- 
ground. One has dismounted. Two farriers are shoeing the ofF hind- 
hoof of his horse. In the right middle distance a couple of beggars sit by 
the roadside ; the woman has a child at the breast. In the left middle 
distance is a town ; to the right is a river ; in the distance are hills. 

Signed on the road in the left-hand bottom corner with the full 
monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Engraved in the Musee Fran9ais. 

Sold in the collection of the Due d'Orleans, 1749. 

Not in the Lormier collection, as Sm. says. He confuses it with the 
similar picture (136), in the collection of the Earl of Lonsdale, in which there 
are children on stilts. 

In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 45. 

At the Louvre, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 347 (old No. 320). 

121. A FARRIER SHOEING A PIEBALD HORSE. Sm. 

393 and Suppl. 180. In the left foreground is a field smithy under trees. 
A piebald horse stands facing right. A farrier shoes its off fore-foot, held 
by his man ; the rider, an officer, stands on the right, looking on. Behind 
them a second horseman, facing the spectator, has halted. Near him to 
the right is a woman with a child in her arms. To the left, a brown 
horse is tied in a wooden frame j two farriers are extracting some of its 
teeth. In the left foreground two children are playing with tools. On 
the right a boy gives his little sister a ride in a three-wheeled cart drawn 
by a goat. To the left, and farther back, is a little girl with a toy wind- 
mill in her left hand. In the centre foreground are a hen and a dog ; to 
the right are two ducks. Behind these in the middle distance are a man 
lying down and a woman selling fruit to two children, one of whom, a boy, 
has a hobby-horse. Farther back a horseman comes along the road, 



294 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

followed by a rustic waggon. In the right distance are houses and a range 
of hills. [Pendant to 122.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; panel, 
13 inches by 14^ inches. 

Engraved by Duret as "Le Marechal de Campagne," when in the Fonsper- 
tuis collection, Paris (according to the Dresden catalogue) ; and also in the 
Musee Napoleon (Sm.). 

A good old copy is in the Dresden Gallery, 1905 catalogue, No. 1468 ; on 
copper, 15 inches by i6 inches. There is no reason to suppose that this 
picture, which has a " not wholly convincing " signature, is a replica by the 
master, as W. von Seidlitz suggests in Repertorium, xvi. 379 ; nor that the copy 
is by Pieter Wouwerman, as Bredius thinks. 

Another picture on copper, 16 inches by 19 inches, probably another copy, 
was in the sale Tronchin des Delices, Paris, Germinal 2., 1801 (1000 francs, 
Constantin) ; mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tre'sor de la Curiosite, ii. 205. 

A copy, on panel, 14 inches by 16 inches, was in the sales N. Van 
Bremen, Amsterdam, December 15, 1766, No. 29; and J. A. Brentano, 
Amsterdam, May 13, 1822, No. 373 (625 florins). 

Another copy was in the sale Messchert van Vollenhoven, Amsterdam, 
March 29, 1892, No. 17 (3100 florins, Gottschald of Leipzig) ; it is now in the 
Leipzig Museum, 1903 catalogue, No. 824. 

Another copy is in the Mancel collection at the Caen Museum, No. 49 ; it 
came from the collection of Cardinal Fesch, sold at Rome, April 17, 1843, and 
was formerly attributed to Pieter Wouwerman. 

The picture, on canvas, 14 inches by 1 6 inches, of the sale P. Locquet, 
Amsterdam, September 22, 1783, No. 427 (210 florins, Van Braam Helsdingen), 
appears also to have been a copy of this Kassel picture. 

A picture, on canvas, 16 inches by 2i inches, the description of which 
accords with that of the Kassel picture, was in the sale A. J. Essingh, 
Cologne, September 18, 1865, No. 243. It is probably identical with the 
picture of the sale Jos. Metz and Jos. Montag, Cologne, December 19, 1904, 
No. 82, and only a copy. 

The Kassel picture is mentioned in the chief inventory of 1749, No. 537. 

In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 28. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 362 (old No. 335). 

122. A GREY HORSE IN FRONT OF A FIELD 
SMITHY. In front of a field smithy in the extreme right foreground, 
two farriers are shoeing the near hind-hoof of a grey horse which is seen 
from the back in a foreshortened view. His rider holds him by the bridle 
and watches the shoeing. To the left, farther back, a mounted trumpeter 
halts, facing the spectator. In front of him stands a stout trooper holding 
his horse. A woman with two children sits by the roadside to the left. 
In the middle distance comes a laden waggon with two horses ; a man 
with a burden on his back walks beside it to the left. Farther back on the 
left a tilt waggon is going down a hill to the right. [Pendant to 121.] 

Signed on the road in the left-hand bottom corner with the full 
monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. (Possibly) L. de Moni, Leyden, April 13, 1772, No. 123 (62 florins, 
Fullings) ; but this was more probably a copy. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 295 

In the Kassel chief inventor}' of 1749, No. 538. 

In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 29. 

At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 363 (old No. 336). 

123. THE FARRIER'S SHOP. Outside a farrier's shop a horse 
is being shod. This appears to be a good picture, but hangs too high to 
be seen. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 350). 

In the collection of the Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth. 

124. THE COUNTRY FARRIER. Sm. 515. To the left, in 
front of a farrier's tent, stands a white horse in profile to the right, with 
its rider in front of it. The farrier is shoeing the horse's off fore-foot. 
To the left, farther off, are a lady and gentleman on horseback ; the lady 
faces the spectator, the gentleman turns away. Near them to the left are 
two smiths at the anvil. The landscape rises from right to left ; in the 
right foreground a brook flows past an old gnarled tree. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the genuine monogram, 
side by side with a false monogram j canvas, 22 inches by 24 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 61 ; and by Bode, in 
Von Zahn, vi. 206, who declares it a copy because of the false monogram. 
Sale. De Tugny and Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (604 francs). 
In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1420. 

125. CAVALIERS IN FRONT OF THE HILL SMITHY. 

Sm. 17 and Suppl. 8 ; M. 21. In the left background is an old castle, 
built on brick arches and entered by a flight of stone steps. To the right 
is a forge in a vault cut out of the rock. In the centre foreground a horse 
is having its off hind-hoof shod. Its rider in a red coat stands by the 
anvil on the right, watching the smith making nail-holes in a horseshoe. 
To the left a rider on a grey horse has its near fore-foot examined. 
Farther back a party of travellers are resting by the roadside. Out of the 
distance a lady with a parasol comes riding on a grey horse. [Pendant to 
713.] 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; canvas, 
21 inches by 26 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 21, as "La Boutique du Marechal." 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite 1 , i. 7 or 8. 

Sales. Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737, No. 79 (2502 francs, 

with pendant, De Lassay). 

Pictures from Saxony, Amsterdam, May 22, 1765 (Terw. 434), No. 
97 (116 florins). 

In the collection of Prince de Rubempre, who sold it without the pendant 
in 1765 (Sm. ; but it is not in the sale catalogue). 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1426 ; it was 
there in 1829 (Sm.). 

126. A CAVALIER BEFORE A SMITHY. Sm. 353 ; M. 

59. On the right is a house on a rocky bank, against which is placed a 
ladder. Under it in a cave is a poor smithy, from which the farrier comes 
carrying a hammer and a horseshoe. A cavalier has dismounted and holds 



296 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

his grey horse to be shod. Another horseman halts near him. On the 
ladder a man stands tending a vine. To the left a man lies by the 
roadside. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; canvas, 
26 inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 59, as "La Grotte du Marechal." 

Acquired for Dresden through Le Leu of Paris, 1749. 

In Guarienti's inventory, before 1753, No. 1561. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1446. 

127. THE FARRIER. Two horsemen with a pack-horse halt 
before an untidy tavern, the side wall of which abuts on a hill covered with 
leafless trees, while the ground floor serves as a barn. A man is tightening 
the saddle-girths of the pack-horse. One traveller converses with the 
farrier, who examines his grey horse's near hind-hoof; the horse stands, 
without a saddle, facing left in the centre of the foreground, and is held 
by a man. The saddle and two holsters lie on the ground. The second 
traveller sits on horseback listening to the conversation. On the extreme 
right a boy is teasing a dog. Behind him at the house door a groom is 
engaged with two horses. To the left, beside the road, which leads past a 
placid stream into the open country, a beggar family are resting in a 
meadow. Farther back at a turn in the road a horseman is riding away. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; canvas, 
19^ inches by 23^ inches. 

Purchased from Georg Finger des Raths, 1849. 

In the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort-on-Main, 1900 catalogue, No. 

311- 

128. THE HORSE-SHOEING. In the foreground a farrier in a 
red cap is shoeing the near fore-foot of a white horse, which is held by a 
man ; the horse is seen from the back, foreshortened. To the right of the 
horse are two dogs. At the back are buildings ; two horses are under a 
dark archway to the left, above which is a house ; two figures stand near a 
lower door to the right. Foreground in shadow. 

Panel, 12 inches by 9 inches. 

In the collection of John Graham-Gilbert, Glasgow ; bequeathed to the 
city in 1877. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 1107 (old No. 548). 

129. THE FARRIER. Sm. Suppl. 145. At the door of a house 
on the left sits a woman with a child in her arms. In front, a man holds 
a restive grey horse which has nearly upset the farrier. A woman lifts a 
crying child from the horse's back. Two horsemen have halted ; one has 
dismounted from his brown horse to caress a woman who has a basket on 
her arm and a child at her side ; the other man is drinking. By a river to 
the right is an angler. An early work. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 19 inches. 

In the collection of Earl Beverley, 1 842 (Sm.) ; purchased with the collection 
by Sm., 1851. 

In the collection of Sir Thomas Baring. 

In the collection of Sir Audley Neeld, Grittleton House. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 297 

130. THE FARRIER OF THE CAMP. Sm. Suppl. 106. In 
front of an open tent to the left the farrier is shoeing the off hind-hoof of 
a grey horse, which faces left ; a man supports the horse's hoof. A 
chestnut horse stands to the left, with its back to the spectator, and feeds 
out of a basket held by a boy. Between the two horses stands a rider, 
whose legs only are visible. In the centre foreground sits a woman with a 
child beside her. Behind her to the right sits a man. Near him stands a 
woman wearing a broad-brimmed hat and carrying a flat basket full of spirit 
bottles. A gipsy woman with a child in her arms approaches from the 
right. In the distance are tents. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 12^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 19). 

Sale. J. J. de Bruyn, Amsterdam, September 12, 1798, No. 63 (805 florins, 

Yver). 

In the collection of Sir Thomas Baring. 

In the Royal collection, Buckingham Palace, London, No. 122 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.). 

131. THE FIELD SMITHY. Sm. 69 ; M. 26. To the left, in 
front of a ruined building overgrown with vegetation, a horseman halts in 
profile to the right. He converses with a woman standing at a door, with 
a child in her arms and another at her side. To the right a farrier and his 
man are shoeing the hind-hoof of a grey horse ; its rider stands in front look- 
ing on, with a little page to the right behind him. From the right comes 
a shepherd with his flock, followed by a boy on an ass. In the middle 
distance, in front of the mill and near the doorway, sits a woman with a 
child on her lap ; a man lies asleep on the ground before her. A work of 
the master's best period. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 17^ inches by 21 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 343). 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 26, as "Le Colombier du Marechal." 

Sales. D'Argenville, Paris, 1766 (80 1 francs) according to Sm. 

J. B. Horion, Brussels, September n, 1788, No. 71 (820 florins, 
Walkiers ; or 1820 florins, according to Sm.). 

Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (priced at ^210). 
In the collection of Sir P. F. Bourgeois, London. 
In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 92. 

132. The Smithy. A traveller has halted before a smithy in a hilly 
landscape, to have his horse shod. Beside him is a countryman on horse- 
back. Farther away are several figures, a man, a woman and children, two 
of whom on the right hold a goat. 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London 1884, No. 64. 
In the collection of Earl Egerton of Tatton. 

133. THE FARRIER'S SHOP. Sm. 123 and Suppl. 43. The 
driver of a post waggon and others have halted. The farrier is examining 
the off fore-foot of a roan horse, while his man stands by. A woman with 
a child stands at the door; near her a man holds a bay horse. In the 
centre foreground stand a grey and a bay horse ; to the right, a woman 



298 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

with a child in her arms and two travellers are resting. [Probably identical 
with 152.] 

Signed (according to Waagen) ; panel, 14 inches by 18^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 164). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1877, No. 193. 

Sale. La Prade, Paris, April 19, 1776 (2400 francs). 

In the collection of Abraham Robarts, 1829 (Sm.). 

In the collection of A. J. Robarts, London. 

134. THE VILLAGE SMITHY. To the right, on slightly 
rising ground, stands a saddled grey horse in profile to the right, held by a 
rider in a yellow doublet. It is having its near hind-hoof shod. The 
farrier hammers in the nails ; another rider with a large hat holds the foot. 
In front, towards the left, are two ragged boys. To the right is a grind- 
stone. Behind it a dark horse with its head turned away is fixed in a 
frame, while a groom forcibly opens its mouth. In the right middle 
distance is a thatched cottage. From the left a horseman comes galloping. 
Farther away is a man on foot. In the centre of the background is a 
church tower, with a windmill to the left. A very fine picture of the early 
period. Exceptionally clear and full of colour. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner, on the wooden frame of the 
grindstone, with the full monogram ; panel, 18 inches by 28 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 804); by Bredius, Zeitsc hr ift fttr bildende Kunst, 
1890, p. 192 ; and by Hofstede de Groot, Sammlung Schubart, p. 37. 
Exhibited at Leipzig, 1889, No. 272. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1902, No. 196. 
In the collection of the Duke of Courland and Sagan. 
In the collection of the Prince zu Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Lowenberg. 
Sale. Dr. M. Schubart, Munich, October 28, 1899, No. 85 (19,000 marks). 
In the Heshuyzen collection, Haarlem. 
In the collection of George Salting, London. 

135. SHOEING A HORSE. A hilly landscape with a rock on 
which stands a castle. In front a horse is being shod. Near it is a waggon. 

Panel, 13^ inches by 12 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 89). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford, London, 1857 (Waagen). 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 144. 

136. A FARRIER'S SHOP WITH FOUR CAVALIERS. 

Sm. 58 and Suppl. 55. Four cavaliers have halted. One holds a white 
horse, while two men examine its near fore-foot. To the right is a 
trumpeter. On the left is the smith's forge at which two men are work- 
ing. Near it sits the mistress, with a child in a chair. On the right three 
children are walking on stilts ; one has tumbled down. [Compare 120. 
Possibly identical with 137.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 263). 

In the collection of W. Lormier, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 447) ; he had acquired it 
from Jaques de Roore (485 florins), as noted in his store-room catalogue, 
December 1754, No. 343. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



299 



Sale. Willem Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Terw. 335), No. 329 

(1205 florins, Captain Baillie for Sir James Lowther). 

In the collection of the Earl of Lonsdale, Lowther Castle, No. 88 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.) 

137. Two Horsemen at the Village Smithy. One man has 

dismounted from his grey horse, whose hind-hoof is being shod. Two 
men hold the leg, while a third looks at the horse's mouth. The smith 
works at the anvil ; a boy kneels by it, holding the iron. Near it stands 
a woman with a child. On the other side three children play with stilts j 
one has tumbled down. According to the De Wit catalogue, they are 
playing with a little go-cart. [Possibly identical with 136.] 

14 inches by 16 inches or 12 inches by i6 inches (Sm.). 

Engraved by Beaumont, No. 10, as "Retard de Chasse." 

Then in the collection of the Marquis Vastan. 

Sale. Jacomo de Wit, Antwerp, May 15, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 40), No. 113 
(406 florins). 

In the collection of the Earl of Lonsdale, Lowther Castle, 1829 (Sm., who 
valued it at ^262 : ios.). 

138. A FARRIER SHOEING A HORSE. Sm. Suppl. 264. 
A winter landscape. In front of a thatched cottage, a farrier is shoeing the 
hind-hoof of a bright bay horse, held by a boy. The rider, in dark blue, 
stands near, shivering with cold. A cloaked rider on a brown horse comes 
from beyond a bank. On the horizon is a church tower. This is a good 
picture, without the usual grey horse ; it is clear and transparent, and dates 
from the master's early period. 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the early monogram ; 
panel, 16 inches by i6 inches. 

In the collection of Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. A. W. C. Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5, 
1851, No. 73 (2080 florins, Roos). 

In the Pescatore collection, Paris. 

In the Pescatore Museum, Luxemburg; J. P. Pescatore bequest; 1872 
catalogue, No. 71. 

139. THE FARRIER'S SHOP. Sm. 287 and Suppl. 107. To 
the left, in front of the farrier's shop, a grey horse is fixed in a shoeing 
stall. Behind it a man bends over his tool-box. To the right is another 
horse, seen almost from the back. Near it is a grey horse in profile to the 
left ; one man holds up its head, while another examines its mouth ; a 
third man in a blue jacket and red cap looks on. In the right foreground 
two boys are drawing a third on a sledge, at which a dog is barking. In 
the left foreground are pools. From the right middle distance comes a 
loaded waggon with two horses. On the road near it a woman leads a 
child by the hand. 

Signed ; i\\ inches by 31^ inches. 
Sale. R. Norman, London, 1818 (94 : ios.). 
In the collection of Frederic Perkins, London, 1842 (Sm.). 
In the possession of the Paris dealer Ch. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1894, No. 53. 

In the collection of Albert Lehmann, Paris. 



300 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

140. THE FARRIER. In the centre is a grey horse. [Cf. 287.] 
In the collection of E. de Rothschild, Paris. 

141. HORSEMEN IN FRONT OF THE FARRIER'S 

SHOP. On a road in a hilly landscape, a horseman in a red cloak halts 
to have his horse shod at a farrier's shop,'at the base of a cliff. He has 
dismounted and looks at a little boy who sits near the forge rubbing his 
eyes that smart with the smoke. While the smith makes the shoe, one 
man holds the horse's bridle and another lifts its near hind-hoof. In the 
right foreground lies a dog. On the cliff at the back is a house. A 
peasant on an ass rides along the road, with a man and a woman, towards 
the farrier's. An early work. The varnish has perished, but the picture 
is still in good condition. 

In the left-hand bottom corner are faint traces of a monogram ; panel, 
1 6 inches by \i\ inches. 

From the collection of Count Brllhl, Dresden. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1012. 

142. A GREY HORSE AT THE FARRIER'S. A work of 
the master's maturity. 

In the collection of Count OrlofF Davidoff, St. Petersburg. 

142*7. A Farrier's Shop. 

Sale. Adriaen van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 7, 1706 (Hoet, i. 87), No. 8 
(305 florins). 

i42/. Halting at the Farrier's. 

Sale. Cornelis Uitenbogaart, Amsterdam, April 3, 1711 (Hoet, i. 138), No. 
3 (300 florins). 

142^. A Farrier's Shop. A horse is being shod. 

Sale. Antony Grill, Amsterdam, April 14, 1728 (Hoet, i. 326), No. 20 
(300 florins). 

142^. A Farrier's Shop. 

Sale. Jan Smees, Amsterdam, April 6, 1729 (Hoet, ii. 386), No. 15 (86 
florins). 

142*. A Farrier's Tent. [Pendant to 232/1] 
14^ inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Johan van Schuylenburg, The Hague, September 20, 1735 (Hoet, i. 
453), No. 76 (255 florins, Crans). 

142/1 A Farrier. With various horses and figures. 
17 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. The Hague, April 24, 1737 (Terw. n), No. 2 (360 florins). 

142^. A Farrier. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 15, 1739 (Hoet, i. 576), No. 16 (28 florins). 

142^. A Farrier's Shop. Sportsmen having their horses shod. 
[Pendant to 585^.] 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 301 

14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Jacomo de Wit, Antwerp, May 15, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 41), No. 118 (250 
florins). 

142*'. A Farrier's Tent. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 10, 1742 (Hoet, ii. 68), No. 31 (207 florins). 

1427. Shoeing a Horse. 

Sale. Sebastiaan Heemskerk, Amsterdam, March 31, 1749 (Hoet, ii. 234), 
No. 8 (45 florins). 

143. Four Mounted Travellers halting at a Farrier's 
Shop. Sm. 401. One man stands at his horse's head, while the farrier 
examines one of its fore-feet. Another adjusts the stirrup of his horse, 
which is seen from the back. The others, a lady and a cavalier, sit on 
their horses in the shade of a spreading vine near the house. In front are 
two dogs and three fowls. 

Copper, 15^ inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by Picquenot as "L'Utile Precaution du Chevalier Espagnol." 
Sale. Willem Fabricius, Haarlem, August 19, 1749 (Hoet, ii. 264), No. 6 
(281 florins). 

1430. Shoeing a Horse. Farther away are other horses and figures 
before a house. 

23 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 16, 1750 (Hoet, ii. 288), No. I (450 florins). 

144. The Farrier's Shop. Sm. 32 ; M. 53. On the left a man 
sits on a restive grey horse in profile to the right. A groom holds it by 
the bridle, while a farrier lifts the off fore-foot. A boy with a hoop stands 
in front ; behind him to the right leaps a barking dog. On the right and 
farther back the rider's comrade sits on a horse facing right ; he rests his 
right hand on his hip and looks round at the group. A third rider has 
dismounted and stands on the right with his back to the spectator, holding 
his horse by the bridle. All three wear rich uniforms and plumed hats. In 
the right middle distance two peasants rest by the wayside ; one has a 
basket on his back. A woman with a child on one arm and a basket on the 
other stands behind. In the distance is a village with two windmills in a 
hilly landscape. In the foreground are two dogs and three ducks. To the 
left, farther away, a horse, seen from the back, is fixed in a frame. Beyond 
is a tree in front of the farrier's shop ; three persons in the shop are seen 
through the window. 

Panel, 13 inches by 18 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, 1746, No. 53, as "Le Travail du Marechal." 
A picture agreeing with this appeared in a sale, but seems, from the engraving, 
to be a copy and not an original. 

Sale. De Tugny and Crozat, Paris, June 1751. 

145. A Farrier's Shop. In a landscape. [Pendant to a "Heron 
Hunt" (6oi<?<?) in the same sale.] 
I2| inches by I2| inches. 



3 o2 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Sale. Martin Robijns, Brussels, May 22, 1758 (Terw. 1 8 8), No. 37 (124 
florins, with pendant). 

145*7. A Farrier's Shop. With horses and figures in a landscape. 
13 \ inches by 13! inches. 

Sale. Martin Robijns, Brussels, May 22, 1758 (Terw. 1 88), No. 38 (42 
florins 10). 

145^. A Farrier's Shop. With horses and figures. 

1 6 inches by 2o inches. 

Sale. P. van Dorp, Leyden, October 16, 1760, No. 39 (6 florins 10). 

145^. A Farrier's Shop in a Camp. Sm. 64. Horses and figures. 
Panel, 19 inches by 15! inches. 

In the collection of Willem Lormier, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 447) ; in 
his store- room catalogue of December 1754, No. 349. 

Sale. W. Lormier, The Hague, July 4, 1763 (Terw. 336), No. 335 (335 
florins). 



. A Farrier's Shop. A horse is being shod. 
Sale. Willem van Wouw and others, The Hague, May 29, 1764, No. 158. 

146. A Farrier's Shop. In front of a farrier's shop is a loaded 
waggon. The horses have been taken out ; one is being shod. Farther 
away are a horseman and other figures, and accessories. 

Canvas, 28 inches by 2i inches. 

In the collection of A. de la Court van der Voort, Leyden. 
Sale. Catharina Backer, widow of A. de la Court, Leyden, September 8, 
1766, No. 62 (450 florins, Diodati). 

147. The Camp Farrier. In the foreground of a hilly landscape, in 
front of a cave serving as forge, a farrier is shoeing a horse, held by a man. 
The rider looks on. A man on an ass comes riding down a hill ; farther 
away are other figures. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. J. G. Cramer, Amsterdam, November 13, 1769, No. 103 (14 florins, 
Fouquet). 

148. Horseman at a Farrier's Shop. Sm. 83. To the left is a 
cottage. A horseman halts to drink a glass of wine, which a woman hands 
up to him. Nearer the front a boy holds a horse which two farriers are 
shoeing, while the rider looks on. Near the house is a hill with trees. On 
the road a man is coming down the hill. To the right are a river and a 
watermill, with an angler. Under the trees on the hill sit a man and a 
woman with a child. 

Canvas, 28 inches by 30 inches. 

Sales. Pieter de Klok, Amsterdam, April 22, 1744 (Hoet, ii. 134), No. 63 

(800 florins). 

Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 276 (1000 florins, 
A. van den Bogaerde). 



via PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



303 



148*7. A Farrier shoeing a Horse. With other figures. 
Canvas, 14 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. J. Domisse, Middelburg, March 31, 1773, No. 35. 

149. The Farrier's Shop. A hunting party has halted. On the 
left a dappled-white horse is being shod. Near it, a man is fastening a 
carpet-bag on the saddle of his grey horse. Farther away are a man and 
woman on brown horses. The farrier's man stands at the door of the shop. 
There are two dogs and three fowls. In the right middle distance are a 
man resting and another man standing up, with two hares on a stick and 
two dogs near him. In the background is a man on an ass in a fine 
landscape. 

Panel, 13^ inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Van der Mark, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, No. 370 (965 florins, 
Van Damme). 

150. A Farrier's Shop. Sm. 25. In front a boy holds a white 
horse, while the farrier shoes it. Near him stands a child. Beyond is the 
shop, in which a man works at the anvil. 

Panel, 12^ inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (1000 francs). 

151. A Farrier's Shop. In front are three horses. One is being 
shod, while its rider looks on. Farther away are other figures. To the 
right is a clifF, in a cave at the foot of which a man is working at the 
forge. To the left is a plain with figures and animals. 

Panel, 13 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. F. Beschey, Antwerp, August 21, 1786, No. 5 (800 florins, Spruyt 
for Bryan). 

152. Halting at the Farrier's. Sm. 185. Numerous figures and 
horses. In the right foreground is the door of a farrier's shop, at which a 
post-waggon with two horses has stopped. A traveller has his horse's 
hoof examined. To the left sit four people, eating and drinking. [Probably 
identical with 133.] 

Panel, 14 inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. De Clesne, Paris, December 4, 1786 (5000 francs). 

153. The Country Farrier. Sm. 162. A cavalier is having his 
horse shod. One man holds the horse's hoof, while the farrier is about to 
hammer the nails. A boy holds the horse's head. Farther off are a man 
and a negro woman begging. 

Panel, n| inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Coders, Paris, February 9, 1789 (1300 francs). 

154. A Farrier's Shop. In a landscape, beside a cottage, a cavalier 
holds a saddled grey horse while a farrier shoes it. In the centre a lady on 
a brown horse is giving money to a beggar carrying a child. At one side 
a sportsman is shooting birds ; here, too, is another horseman. 

Canvas, 15 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. J. Pekstok, Amsterdam, December 17, 1792, No. 1 08. 



PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

155. A Farrier's Shop. Sm. 68. Eleven figures and six horses. 
To the right is an old vaulted building at which two cavaliers with a 
groom have halted, to have one of their horses shod. A man holds the 
horse while the farrier shoes it. 

Canvas, 19 inches by 23 inches. 

In the collection of Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (priced at 136 : ios.). 

155*7. A Farrier's Shop. A horse is being shod. Four figures, a 
horseman and a crouching dog. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 24, 1815, No. 7 (18 florins 10, Hulswit). 



. A Farrier. By Wouwermann, or in his manner. 
Sale. J. Z. S. Prey, Rotterdam, October 7, 1816, No. 60. 

155^. A Village Farrier's Shop. A horse is being shod in front of 
the shop ; various horsemen and a trumpeter. 
Canvas, 15^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. G. Schimmelpenninck, Amsterdam, July 12, 1819, No. 135 
(37 florins, Lamme). 



A Farrier's Shop. In front of a farrier's shop two men are 
busy with a horse in a frame. A grey horse is being shod in the centre. 
A well-dressed man stands near a brown horse, beside which is another 
horse. Beyond are sportsmen and an old bridge. 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. S. J. Stinstra and others, Amsterdam, May 22, 1822, No. 197. 

156. A Farrier's Shop. Sm. 156. In front a peasant is having a 
white horse shod, while a child looks on. In the shop a man works at the 
forge. In the foreground is a little pool of water ; in the distance are 
houses and a church spire. 

Panel, 17 inches by 14 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite", ii. 103. 
Sales. Abbe de Gevigny, Paris, December I, 1779 (86 1 francs). 

Dubois, Paris, March 31, 1784 (884 francs). 

Robert de St. Victor, Paris, November 26, 1822 (2610 francs). 

157. A Farrier's Shop. In front a saddled horse is being shod. 
One soldier stands near ; another sits on his horse. Beyond is a horse in 
a frame. At the back are a loaded waggon with two horses and a mounted 
trooper. 

Canvas, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. J. Roelofs, Amsterdam, May 8, 1824, No. 164 (320 florins, 
Westenburg). 

157*2. A Farrier's Shop. In front, a grey horse is being shod. 
Near it are a trumpeter and other soldiers. A fine background. 
Canvas, 15^ inches by 17 inches. 
Sale. J. R. van Breuklerwaert, Amsterdam, May 10, 1824, No. 17. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 305 

158. A Farrier's Shop. Sm. 161. In front a boy holds a white 
horse, which two men are shoeing. A soldier with a cuirass stands beside 
another horse and watches them. Another soldier is also waiting. Near 
the house a woman and two children watch two men fastening a restive 
horse in a frame. In the foreground are a dog and some fowls. Farther 
back, near a ruined castle, are sportsman and dogs. [Pendant to 774.] 

Panel, ii\ inches by 15 inches. 

Sales. Leboeuf, Paris, April 8, 1783 (6101 francs, with pendant). 

B * * *, Paris, 1827 (8000 francs, separately, De la Hante). 

159. A Farrier's Shop in a Camp. Near a tent, a farrier is 
shoeing a horse, while the rider looks on. Near him are two horses, ridden 
by a soldier and by a woman with a child in her arms. There are many 
other figures, including a pair of lovers, and festive people round a fire. 
Farther back soldiers are seated on the ground, playing cards. In the 
distance is the camp. [Possibly identical with 163.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Sales. J. F. Beschey, Antwerp, August 21, 1786, No. 6 (831 florins, 

Beeckman). 
B. Beeckman, Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 28 (230 florins, Lamme). 

1 60. A Farrier shoeing a Horse. Sm. 367. A barren land- 
scape. Under high rocks on the right is a cave serving as a farrier's shop. 
In front of it three cavaliers have halted. Two have dismounted. One 
of their horses, standing in the centre and in profile, is having its near 
fore-foot shod ; a man holds its head, while the rider stands by. Near him 
are a child with a broom and a sleeping dog. To the left of the farrier 
are a man and a horse, seen from the back. In front are a dog and some 
hens. On the opposite side and farther away a man and woman are 
resting, and a man and boy descend a hill. In the distance is a shepherd 
with his flock. "An excellent little picture" (Sm.). 

13! inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. F. van de Velde, Amsterdam, September 7, 1774, No. 113 (700 

florins, Wubbels). 
In the collection of Philip Lake Godsall, London, 1829 (Sm.). 

1 6 1. A Farrier's Shop. Men are shoeing a grey horse, held by a 
boy, in front of a farrier's shop. Near them are two riders, one standing 
by his horse, the other mounted. A farrier, assisted by another man, is 
giving a drench to a sick horse which is in a frame. In the shop a man is 
working at the anvil. There are four other figures in the background, at 
the end of a bridge near the walls of a fortified town. There are dark 
clouds in the sky. 

Panel, 12 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832, No. 174. 

i6ia. The Farrier. 

Panel, 8 inches by 6 inches. 

Sale. Comte F. de Robiano, Brussels, May i, 1837, No. 732. 

VOL. II X 



3 o6 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

1 6 1 b. The Farrier's Shop. In front of a farrier's shop, a horse 
stands in a frame. Near it are two other horses, a peasant and a boy. In 
front is a girl with two fowls and a dog. 

Panel, i6 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale, Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 416. 

i6ic. The Farrier's Shop. Near a house in the foreground of a 
hilly landscape, a grey horse is having its fore-foot shod. Behind it, a boy 
on a brown horse converses with a girl standing beside him. Farther 
away is a loaded waggon. 

Panel, i6 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, August 9, 1842, No. 74. 

162. A Farrier shoeing an Old Horse. Sm. 168 and Suppl. 60. 
At the entrance to a rocky grotto, serving as forge and dwelling, a 
farrier examines the hoofs of an old white horse which is held by a boy. 
A peasant looks on. Two smiths are forging a horseshoe at the anvil. 
The farrier's wife sits dozing beside her child's cradle, outside her dwelling. 
On an uphill road, farther back, is a waggon drawn by four (or, as Sm. 
says, two) horses ; a man is pushing it from behind. To the left is a view 
over open country. 

Panel, 13! inches by I2| inches. 

Sales. Jan Tak, Soeterwoude, September 5, 1781, No. 8 (1500 florins, 

Hoefnagel). 

Van Leyden, Paris, September 10, 1804 (2400 francs). 
Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832, No. 171 (5700 

francs). 
Martini, Paris, March 23, 1844, No. 37. 

1620. The Farrier's Shop. A farrier is shoeing a horse in front of 
a cottage. Near him are a peasant and a boy. 
Panel, 12 inches by io inches. 

Sale. A. de Beurs Stiermans and others, Rotterdam, April 23, 1845, No. 145 
(87 florins, Woodin). 

162^. Travellers halting at a Farrier's Shop. 

Sale. Sir H. Bruce, London, June 29, 1849 (199 : ios., Low). 

i62f. The Farrier. 
Engraved. 

Sale. Bertrand, Paris, November 13, 1855, No. 187. 

163. A Cavalier and a Lady halting at a Farrier's Shop. 

Sm. 269. A cavalier on a grey horse and a lady halt in front of a farrier's 
shop, where a grey horse is being shod. There are various other figures, 
with fowls and two pigs lying down. Behind the shop are ruins, and 
distant hills. Rather dark. " A beautiful landscape painted in the artist's 
grey manner " (Sm.). [Possibly identical with 159 ?] 

Panel. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 236.) 



vui PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 307 

Sale. General Craig, London, April 18, i8iz (350, Marquess of Hertford 

for the Earl of Harrington). 

In the collection of the Earl of Harrington, Harrington House, London, 
1857 (Waagen). 

163*7. A Grey Horse at the Farrier's Shop. 

In the Motz collection, Bremen, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 805). 

163^. Two Horsemen at the Farrier's Shop. 

In the Von Tettau collection, Erfurt, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 804). 

163^. A Farrier's Shop. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 15! inches by 13^ inches. 

In the Mestern collection, Hamburg, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 805). 

163^. A Farrier's Shop. A distinguished company halt in front. 
Signed ; panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. F. J. Gsell, Vienna, March 14, 1872, No. 129. 

163^. Figures in Front of a Camp Farrier's. 

Sale. J. Harris, London, 1872 (.320: 55., Brown). 

163*. Ladies and Cavaliers at the Farrier's Shop. 

13^ inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. H. A. J. Munro, London, June i, 1878 (315, Butler). 

164. HORSEMEN AT THE FARRIER'S SHOP. One 

man is having his horse shod. To the left is a woman with an infant. 
To the right children are playing with stilts. 
Canvas, 15^ inches by 10 inches. 

Exhibited by Rupprecht, Munich, 1889, No. 84. 

1 64*7. A Farrier's Shop. Cavaliers on horseback and peasants 
carousing. 

Canvas, 19 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Balthasar Schmidt, Berlin, June 20, 1891, No. 107. 

165. The Farrier. On the high bank of a broad river, near a house 
with lighted windows, are three cavaliers. One is having his horse shod ; 
another jests with the maidservant. Evening. 

Signed ; canvas, 15 inches by 19^ inches. 

Sale. St. Remy zur Biesen and others, Cologne, December 9, 1892, 
No. 216. 

1 66. At the Camp Farrier's. In an open space before a large tent 
with banners, several horsemen have halted. One has dismounted to have 
his horse shod. To the left is a group of men throwing dice. There are 
large buildings on a high hill in the distance. 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 
Sale. Anrep-Elmpt, Cologne, June 5, 1893, No. 109. 



3 o8 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

167. A FARRIER SHOEING A SOLDIER'S HORSE. A 

trumpeter and another man stand near. Beyond is a country waggon. 
12^ inches by 16 inches. 
Sale. Dittmar van Vliet and others, Berlin, May 4, 1897, No. 53. 

1 68. THE FARRIER'S SHOP. A cavalier has dismounted in 
front of the farrier's shop to have his grey horse shod. The horse, held by a 
boy with his back to the spectator, stands in profile to the right. The farrier, 
wearing a red cap, is busy with a hind-hoof. At the back are three men 
round the forge. To the right is a horseman. In the left distance is the 
mouth of a river with sailing-vessels. A good picture of the early period. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the early monogram ; panel, 
17 inches by i6| inches. 

Sale. Eduard Kums, Antwerp, May 17, 1898, No. 137 (5600 francs, 
Arnold and Tripp). 

i68#. The Farrier. 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Lord Leigh and others, March 25, 1899, No. 117. 

i68. Horsemen at the Farrier's. 

17 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. London, March 26, 1902, No. 32. 

i68r. Shoeing a Horse. 

Panel, n inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. London, July 21, 1902, No. 138. 

1 68^. Figures at the Farrier's Shop. 
Panel, 5^ inches by 7^ inches. 

Sale. Manley Sims and others, London, March 23, 1903, No. 94. 

1 68*. Horses and Figures at the Farrier's Shop. 
Panel, ii\ inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Watling and others, London, January 25, 1904, No. 107. 

i68/ At the Farrier's Shop. Figures, horses, and a waggon. 
15^ inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. W. J. Farrer and others, London, March 16, 1907, No. 114. 

169. Three Cavaliers halting at a Farrier's Shop. Sm. 288. 
One cavalier has dismounted and holds his horse while two men examine 
a hind-hoof. Another cavalier stands by his horse's head, looking on. At 
the other side a woman sits on a bank with a child in her lap and another 
at her side. Beyond her are a loaded waggon and travellers. 

Described by Sm. from an engraving by Visscher. 

170. A MARE AND A STALLION IN FRONT OF A 
HOUSE. Near a house, the corner of which with a pigeon loft is seen 
to the left, are two restive horses. A red-and- white spotted stallion rears 
up behind a brown mare, which kicks out behind, having broken a rope 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 309 

round her fore and hind feet. Two peasants on the left, who hold the 
mare by the bridle, are laughing at her. In the right middle distance a 
peasant points out the horses to a man milking a goat. [Pendant to 82, 
also in the Moltke collection.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 15 inches by 13^ inches. 

A copy of the two Moltke pictures this and 82 united into one, with a 
false monogram, is in the Wachtmeister collection, Wanas. 

Sale. (Probably) Amsterdam, July 4, 1785, No. 41 (25 florins, Fouquet). 
In the collection of Count Moltke, Copenhagen, 1885 catalogue, No. 88. 

171. A MARE AND A STALLION IN FRONT OF A 
STABLE (or, Restive Horses). Sm. 465 and Suppl. 222. In front 
of a stable in which two horses stand at the manger, a grey stallion is 
rearing up and a brown mare is kicking. A groom holds the stallion by a 
long cord, assisted by a horseman with a stick. A frightened boy has fallen 
down ; a woman with a child runs away. Farther back are two horsemen. 
Another horseman with upraised stick comes forward from the right 
background. 

Panel, 17 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. G. van der Pals, Rotterdam, August 30, 1824, No. 46 (2615 florins, 

Loef). 

In the Rombout collection, Dordrecht, 1829 (Sm.). 
Sale. W. A. Verbrugge, The Hague, September 27, 1831, No. 71 

(2650 florins, Brondgeest). 

Imported into England by Chaplin, who sold it to Brook Greville, who 
exchanged it with Sm. for another picture. 

Afterwards in the collection of Charles Brind. 

Again in the possession of Chaplin, who sold it to E. Le Roy, Paris, before 
1842. 

Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 141 

(15,000 francs, Laneuville for Dutuit of Rouen). 
In the collection of the late Maurice Kann, Paris. 

1 7 iff. Rearing Horses. 

8| inches by 6 inches. 

Sale. Herman Schuurman, Rotterdam, April 2, 1739 (Hoet, i. 572), No. 9 
(31 florins, according to Hoet ; but 50 florins, Willem van der Pot, 
according to the sale catalogue). 

171^. A Stallion leaping. Fine landscape. 
Panel, 17 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. De Neufville, Amsterdam, June 19, 1765, No. 114 (170 florins). 

1 7 if. Cows, Horses, and Figures. A brown cow in profile to 
the right. Behind it a boy on a dark-brown horse stands out dark against 
the sky. Farther away are a white dog, an ass, and a cow. In the right 
foreground is a boy in blue facing right. The figures relieved against the 
sky and the patch of white formed by the dog are characteristic of Philips, 
but the execution rather suggests the hand of his brother Pieter. 

In the Czartorisky Museum, Cracow. 



310 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

172. TWO GREY HORSES, AN ASS, AND SOME 
SHEEP. To the right are a cottage and a tree, with a shepherd asleep, 
a woman with a child and a dog. To the left is a shepherd with his flock. 
Genuine but unimportant. 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 809). 

In the Mannheim Museum, 1900 catalogue, No. 200. 

173. TWO HORSES AND TWO ASSES. On a hill, seen 
against the clear sky. A man in a red jacket waters a grey horse at a 
stream. On the farther bank are a horseman and a man driving two pack- 
mules. The figures are full of colour. A very fine early work. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, loj inches by ii| inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 563. 
In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

174. HORSES IN A PASTURE (or, Stallions and Brood 
Mares). Sm. Suppl. 36. On the right are a number of horses, some 
of them lying down on a river-bank. In the centre a groom on a brown 
horse holds the bridle of a dun-coloured mare, which kicks out at another 
horse. In the foreground a little boy leads a restive goat. Farther right, 
near two trees, sits a woman with a child ; near her are a little girl with a 
pewter pot on her back, a boy holding a goat by the horns, and another boy 
busy with a pot of food. To the left are bathers ; one has left the water, 
another is entering it, the third stands on the bank near a barking dog. 
In the centre of the distance is a range of hills ; to the left is a village 
with a church. Of the mature period. " This is a clear and beautiful 
picture" (Sm.). 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 26^ inches by 33 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1018 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at 500). 

175. THREE HORSES IN A MEADOW. Sm. 299. In 
the centre lies a grey horse. A dun-coloured horse stands behind it ; a 
brown horse grazes in front. To the right, at some distance, a woman 
sits on the grass near a sleeping man. To the left is a fence supported 
against withered trees ; in the distance is a hill. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with an indistinct monogram, 
which seems to be that of the mature period ; panel, 16 inches by 13^ 
inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 806). 

In the Reber collection, Basel. 

In the collection of Count Fries, Vienna. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 7 

(535 florins). 

In the Hoser collection, Prague. 
In the Rudolfinum, Prague, 1889 catalogue, No 737. 



VIII rHlLirb WUUWi^KMAM 311 

1750. Herdsman with Cows and Horses. 

Sale. Jean Walran Sandra, Middelburg, August 3, 1713 (Hoet, ii. 373), 
No. 146 (8 florins). 

175^. Horses and Cattle in a Landscape. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 6, 1716 (Hoet, i. 194), No. 13 (140 florins). 

175*:. Three Horses, Cows, and Sheep. 

Canvas, 13^ inches by 13^ inches (? oval). 

Sale. N. L. de Wael, Antwerp, May 9, 1769, No. 23 (22 florins, Knijff). 



Two Horses and Cattle in a Meadow. In the foreground 
a grey horse stands up and a brown horse is lying down. Farther back 
sits a herdsman with his dog. To the left are sheep and goats. A hill 
with two trees on the top bounds the horizon on this side. To the right 
is an extensive plain. 

Panel, 13! inches by 10 inches. 

Mentioned by Paul Eudel, V Hotel Drouot en 1883, p. 135. 
Sales. Van Schorel, Antwerp, June 7, 1774, No. 84. 

Lefevre, Paris, February 22, 1883 (3000 francs). 

176. A Horse and Three Asses. A greyish-white horse, strongly 
illumined by sunlight, stands on the bank of a stream flowing between 
high hills. In the shadow of the hills are a horseman and another man 
with a dog seen from the back. In the distance, on the slope of the hill, 
are three asses, one standing and two lying down. 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 8| inches. 

Sale. Servad, Amsterdam, June 25, 1778, No. 124 (131 florins, Coljer). 

177. Three Horses in a Meadow. Sm. 174. In the foreground 
at the foot of a dyke three horses graze near an old tree. Farther right 
two men, a woman nursing a child, and a dog are resting. A man with 
a pack walks along the top of the dike. A waggon full of people stops at 
an inn. On the right lie three sheep. In the background is a large sheet 
of water resembling the Y. The horse nearest the front is most strongly 
lighted. 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

Sales. F. van de Velde, Amsterdam, September 7, 1774, No. II2 ( IOO 5 

florins, Keizer). 

P. Locquet, Amsterdam, September 22, 1783, No. 425 (900 florins, 
Yver). 

177*. Horses, Sheep, and Goats. The animals are resting near a 
group of men drinking under a tree. 

In the Motz collection, Bremen, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 809). 



A Grey Horse and Sheep Watering. A grey horse and 
three sheep have come to drink at a stream flowing at the base of a lofty 
hill. A horseman in a red cloak and a pedlar follow a road on the top of 
the hill past a wooden hut. Near the hut three sheep rest beside two 



312 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

leafless willows. In the left middle distance is an angler j farther away is 
a sailing-boat. 

Signed on the right with the monogram ; canvas, 19 inches by 21 
inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 562. 

177^. Peasants with Cattle. At the foot of a rocky hill three 
peasants and a woman rest near their cattle. On the slope are a cottage 
and four horses. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 18 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Jos. Monchen and others, Amsterdam, April 30, 1907, No. 203 (380 
florins). 

178. A HORSE FAIR. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 813). 

In the Schloss Luisium, near Dessau. 

179. A HORSE-FAIR. Sm. 338 ; M. 37. Under trees on rising 
ground to the left stand horses for sale. In the foreground is a lively 
crowd of people and horses. A rider on a grey horse curvets to the right ; 
a rider with a red cap has taken a boy up behind him. A cavalier and 
lady look on at the grey. On the right two men examine a horse's mouth. 
In the foreground are two men, an old woman making pancakes, and two 
children looking on. In the right middle distance is a river with boats 
and bathers. Beyond it is a village with a church and the booths of a fair. 

Signed in the left-hand bottom corner with the full monogram in 
upright Roman lettering ; canvas, 24^ inches by 30^ inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 37, as " Les Maquignons a la Foire," 1739. 

In the collection of the Due d'Orleans, Paris, 1739. 

Htlbner wrongly states that it was bought in 1710 at Antwerp for the 
Dresden Gallery. It seems to be first mentioned in Guarienti's inventory 
(before 1753), No. 1676. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1418. 

1 80. A HORSE FAIR. Sm. 470; and Suppl. 225. An open 
place before a town which stands beside a river in the middle distance. In 
the centre foreground two mounted cavaliers look at a horse held by a man. 
Both are in profile to the right. The cavalier in front turns back towards 
a cavalier and a lady who stand behind him. Farther left are some children 
with drums and trumpets, and a little child in a goat-carriage, with the 
mother walking beside it. Behind them is a tree in front of a booth. In 
the middle distance are a cavalier and lady on a grey horse. Farther back 
is a crowd at the fair, thronging the booths. A performance is being given 
on a rough platform. In the immediate centre foreground a little boy 
runs with a white dog. To the right a man and woman are resting. 
Behind them is a watering-place for horses, with two bathers in the water 
and boats. 

Canvas, 27 inches by 32 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 18). 

Exhibited at the British Gallery, London, 1826-27. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 313 

To judge from the size and the very scanty description in the catalogue, it 
is probably the other "Horse Fair" (181) that came from Kassel, and not this 
one as is assumed by Sm. and also by W. Burger in his catalogue, published in 
the Revue Universelle des Arts, viii., for November 1858. 

In the Royal collection at Buckingham Palace, London, No. 94 ; it was in 
that collection in 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 577 : IDS.). 

181. A HORSE FAIR. Sm. Suppl. 93. An open place with tents 
and booths to right and left in the middle distance. In the left foreground 
is a group of six horses. The foremost to the left lies down. To the 
next a man gives fodder. The bridle of the third is held by a horseman, 
at whose side rides another man. Two men are examining the mouth of a 
grey horse in the centre. In front a man sits on the ground, eating. To the 
right a woman pushes a wheelbarrow. A boy and a dog watch a man on 
a restive grey horse which kicks out behind, while a man behind lashes 
it with his whip. To the right a mounted cavalier and lady converse with 
a stout officer on foot. Behind him to the right is another lady. In the 
right middle distance is a row of trees lining a road, with houses beyond. 
Heavy rain-clouds in the sky. "This capital picture is painted in the 
artist's most esteemed manner, and is in every respect an admirable 
example." [Compare 180 and 203.] 

Signed in the right-hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
canvas, 2o| inches by 29 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 19). 

In the Kassel Academy, 1783 inventory, No. 93. 

In the Malmaison collection. 

In the Royal collection at Buckingham Palace, London, No. 118 ; it was in 
that collection, 1842 (Sm.). 

182. A HORSE FAIR. Sm. 106 ; M. 9. In the foreground two 
cavaliers watch a grey horse ridden by a man. A groom in red lifts up the 
near fore-foot of the horse, which stands in profile to the left, and con- 
verses with the rider about it. Behind, to the right, is an inn ; at the 
door, in front of an almost leafless tree, a cavalier and a lady on horseback 
have halted. Peasants sit drinking and gambling at a table. In the left 
middle distance another groom leads a brown horse in front of two 
cavaliers. At the back are numerous horses and people in front of tents. 
In the left distance a road leads to a village ; along it comes a waggon with 
four horses. In the immediate left foreground sit a beggar and a woman. 
"A little dark in colour" (Sm.) [Pendant to 53.] 

Signed on the left at foot with monogram ; panel, 20 inches by 18 
inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen ; and by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 
194-5. 38i. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 9, in 1737; and ' in tne Choiseul Gallery, 
No. 72. 

In the collection of the Chevalier Halite, 1737. 

Sales. Due de Choiseul, Paris, 1772 (20,000 francs, with pendant). 

Prince de Conti, Paris, April 8, 1777 (19,800 francs, with pendant). 

Duruey, Paris, June 21, 1797 (4601 francs). 

J. A. Brentano, Amsterdam, May 13, 1822, No. 372 (4010 francs). 



3H PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the collection of Baron J. G. Verstolk van Soelen, 1829 (Sin., who 
valued it at 450) ; the collection was bought as a whole, 1846, by Thomas 
Baring, Humphrey Mildmay, and Lord Overstone. 

In the collection of Thomas Baring, London, 1847. 

In the collection of the Earl of Northbrook, London, 1889 catalogue, 
No. 147. 

183. THE HORSE FAIR. Sm. 13, Suppl. 6 ; M. 18. An 
open landscape, with a river in the middle distance flowing from hills at 
the back. In front are about twenty-four horses and fifty figures. To 
the right is a coach with four fine greys. In front of it are a grey horse, 
and a bay with a man and boy on its back. Near these are four horses. 
A cavalier and lady, with others, watch a horse which a groom and his 
master are showing off; a rider on a black horse also looks on. Near the 
rider, a mare is lying down and her foal stands up ; a boy approaches 
them. On the left a cavalier on a cream-coloured horse is near two 
spirited greys, one of which kicks out, while a man, woman, and boy 
run away. Beyond is an open space, full of men and horses, receding to 
the river-bank, along which are houses and tents under trees. Of the 
master's grey, mature period. " This picture is painted throughout with 
great care and delicacy, in what is termed the last manner of the master, 
remarkable for the prevalent grey or silvery hues of colouring" (Sm.). 

Signed ; panel, 25 inches by 34^ inches. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, ii. 65 ; by Ch. Blanc, Le 
Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 8, 149, and ii. 196, 425 ; and by Waagen, Suppl. 89. 
Engraved by Moyreau, No. 18. 
Sales. Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737, No. 87 (2001 francs, 

Comte de Clermont). 

Gaignat, Paris, December 1768 (14,560 francs). 
Robit, Paris, May 21, 1801 (16,150 francs). 

In the collection of the Duchesse de Berry, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 
1260). 

Exhibited for private sale in the collection of the Duchesse de Berry at 
Christie's, London, 1834 (priced at ^2000, but not sold). 

Sales. Duchesse de Berry, Paris, April 4, 1837, No. 47 (35,600 francs 

or, according to Sm., 37,380 francs). 

Baron von Mecklenburg, Paris, December 1 1, 1854, No. 29 (80,000 
francs, with pendant according to MS. note by Sm.) ; it was in 
this collection in 1842 (Sm.). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford, London. 
In the Wallace collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 65. 

184. THE HORSE FAIR. Sm. 416. An open field, bounded 
on the right by cottages and a church, and in the distance by sandhills. 
In the left foreground sits a woman with a child on her lap. Another 
woman stands near, driving away two dogs with a whip. Children are 
near her. In the centre are eight horses. One has a rider ; two are 
lying down. Farther right in the middle distance are two horsemen 
near tents, with horse-dealers. There are others in the background, 
where is seen the village of Valkenburg. "This picture may justly be 
classed among the master's choicest productions ; it is painted in his third 



viir PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 315 

manner, clear in tone and exquisite in the detail" (Sm.). [Compare 
i88f, d.} 

Canvas, 23 inches by 26 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 168). 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, 
No. 21. 

In the Valkenburch collection (Sm.). 

Sale. Capello, Amsterdam, My 8, 1767, No. 80 (1400 florins or, 
according to Sm., 1075 florins). 

Purchased by Earl of Grosvenor, 1807, from William Ellis Agar (Sm., who 
valued it in 1829 at ^630). 

In the collection of the Duke of Westminster, 1888 catalogue, No. 23. 

185. A HORSE FAIR. Sm. 289. A horse fair is being held 
in .front of an inn. A groom sits on a white horse which kicks out 
behind ; near it stands a young man with a whip. Two gentlemen, near 
whom is a boy with a dog, watch the horse. Farther away is another 
horseman. To the right, in front of the inn, stands a peasant with two 
horses ; other peasants sit round a table under a vine trellis. To the left 
sits a woman selling fruit, with a horseman and other people. In the 
distance is a village with a crowd in the street. Of the middle period. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 16 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sales. Widow of W. Valckenier, born Hooft, Amsterdam, August 31, 1796, 

No. 49 (1350 florins). 

Madame Le Rouge, Paris, April 27, 1818 (15,000 francs). 
In the Valedau collection, Paris, 1829 (Sm.). 
In the Montpellier Museum, Valedau bequest, 1890 catalogue, No. 802. 

1 86. A Horse Fair. Near a village, people are merrymaking near 
tents under trees. In the foreground stand five horses and a foal ; two 
of them are greys. Two other horses are lying down. In the centre 
sits a peasant on a horse whose mouth another man is examining. Near 
a tent to the right are two persons of rank on horseback. To the left 
sits a peasant woman nursing a child, while her three older children play 
with a dog. From the distance comes a peasant with a load on his back. 
Above the houses rises a church-tower. Blue sky with grey clouds. 

Signed with the monogram ; canvas, 1 8^ inches by 24^ inches. 
In the collection of Jules Forges, Paris. 

187. A PEASANT LEADING A GREY HORSE IN 
FRONT OF A CAVALIER. Four figures. Genuine but un- 
important. [Compare 92.] 

Panel, 9 inches by n inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 805). 

Brought from Ludwigsburg in 1843 as the work of an unknown painter. 

Possibly identical with No. 1008, in the 1767 inventory of Ludwigsburg, 
ascribed to Querfurt. 

Eisenmann attributed it to Querfurt ; Bredius called it " a German 
pasticcio " ; Bode thought it a copy of a picture in the Liechtenstein Gallery, 
Vienna, probably No. 432 in the 1885 catalogue (92). 

In the Stuttgart Museum, 1907 catalogue, No. 285. 



316 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

1 88. A HORSE FAIR. A hilly landscape. In the right of the 
middle distance is a village. Towards the front in the centre two 
piebald horses lie on the sandy ground. To the left a horseman, whose 
own bridle is held by a man, holds a grey and two other horses by their 
bridles. Farther back to the right are two other horsemen. In the 
immediate left foreground sits a woman with two children. There are 
two dogs towards which a boy is running. To the right is a little girl. 
[Compare 203 f.] 

Signed on the left at foot with a false monogram added later ; canvas, 
1 8 inches by 24 inches. 

In the Adamovics collection, 1856 catalogue, No. 244. 
In the collection of the Baroness August Stummer von Tavornok (Winter 
Gallery), Vienna, 1895 catalogue, No. 194. 

i88#. A Horse Fair. 

Sale. Isaak van den Blooken, Amsterdam, May n, 1707 (Hoet, i. 99), 
No. 8 (345 florins). 

i88. A Horse Fair. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362, No. 
88 (10 florins). 

i88<r. The Valkenburg Horse Fair. Very fine. [Compare 
184.] 

Sale. Jean Walran Sandra, Middelburg, August 3, 1713 (Hoet, ii. 373), 
No. 147 (25 florins). 

iSSd. The Valkenburg Fair. With horses and cattle. Numerous 
figures. [Compare 184.] 

Sale. Jacob van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 12, 1719 (Hoet, i. 222), No. 24, 
(250 florins). 

188*. A Great Horse Fair. 

24 inches by 25^ inches. 

Sale. Jacomo de Wit, Antwerp, May 15, 1741 (Hoet, i. 40), No. no 
(631 florins). 

i88/ A Horse Fair. Racing, with many horses and figures. 
21 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Lambert Witsen, Amsterdam, May 25, 1746 (Hoet, ii. 1 86), No. I 
(2125 florins). 

1 88^. A Horse Fair. 

17 inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curiosite, i. 64. 
Sale. De Tugny and Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (295 francs). 

188/1. A Horse Fair. With numerous horses. [Compare 1887'.] 
Canvas, 23 inches by 24^ inches. 

In the collection of Willem Lormier, The Hague, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 447); 
in his store-rcom catalogue of 1754, No. 355 (priced at 770 florins). 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 317 

i88/. A Village Merrymaking and Horse Fair. With many 
figures. [Pendant to ii 65r.] 

Canvas on panel, 27! inches by 27 inches. 

Sale. Pictures from Saxony, Amsterdam, May 22, 1765 (Terw. 434), No. 
98 (87 florins). 



188;'. A Horse Fair in a Landscape. [Compare 

Sale. Pieter Leendert de Neufville, Amsterdam, June 19, 1765 (Terw. 
477), No. 113 (1150 florins). 

189. A Horse Fair. Sm. 114. About forty figures and ten 
horses. 

Canvas, 22 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Comte Dubarry, Paris, November 21, 1774 (3230 francs). 

iSgtf. A Horse Fair. [Pendant to 814.] 
Engraved. 

Sales. London, 1782 (37 : 6s.). 

C. Armstrong, London, 1783 (31 : IDS.). 

190. A Horse Fair. On an open square in a country town. In 
front a groom sits on a grey horse which is kicking. 

Canvas, 25 inches by 31 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 4, 1785 (29 florins, Martins). 

191. A Merrymaking and Horse Fair. Numerous horsemen. 
Other men lead unsaddled horses. Another man rides into the watering- 
place, where men are bathing. A juggler has a crowd round him. in 
front a cavalier and lady are noticeable. There are children with a goat- 
carriage ; others are playing games. Booths with a crowd in front, 
waggons, beggars, and the like, fill the scene. [Possibly identical with 
200.] 

Sales. (Possibly), S. Fokke, Amsterdam, December 6, 1784, No. I. 
Amsterdam, June 26, 1799, No. 8 (2600 florins, Delfos). 

192. A Horse Fair. Sm. 113. More than thirty horses and a 
hundred and fifty figures. An open country, with houses here and there, 
and a river on which are boats. In the left foreground is a quack doctor 
at his stall surrounded by countrymen and women. 

Canvas, 26 inches by 31 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 247 and ii. 205. 
Sales. Comte Dubarry, Paris, November 21, 1774 (6000 francs). 

Tronchin des Delices of Geneva, Paris, Germinal 2, 1801 (4060 

francs, Constantin). 

Cumberland, in his catalogue of the King of Spain's collection at Madrid, 
mentions a capital picture of this subject. 

192*. A Horse Fair. 

Sale. Richard Halse, London, March 21, 1806 (31 : ios., Marquess of 
Breadalbane). 



318 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

193. A Merrymaking and Horse Fair. Numerous persons on 
horseback or on foot. Tents and trees. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 21 inches by 29 inches. 
Sale. Antwerp, May 12, 1806, No. 10 (150 florins, Boy). 

193*. A Horse Fair. 

Signed and dated 1638 ; 36 inches by 33 inches. 
Sale. Langston, London, 1809 (168). 

194. The Little Horse Fair. Sm. 26; M. 33. A landscape 
with picturesque buildings in the middle distance. To the left is a pond, 
in which a man is watering two horses. The right side is filled with 
figures and horses. Three horses stand round a trough into which a man 
puts hay, while a fourth lies down in front. A cavalier is bargaining 
with a dealer for a grey horse standing near. " Of excellent quality " 
(Sm.). [Pendant to 821.] 

Panel, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 33, as " La Petite Foire aux Chevaux." 
A copy by B. Gaal was in the sale Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 47 
(150 florins, Durselen). 

In the collection of P. de Carignan, Paris, 1738. 

Sales. Marquis de Brunoy, Paris, December 2, 1776 (6600 francs, with 

pendant, Dubois). 

Beaujon, Paris, April 25, 1787 (4850 francs, with pendant). 
Coders, Paris, February 9, 1789 (2351 francs, alone). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1829 (Sm.) ; valued by the experts, 1816 (6000 
francs) ; but it cannot be identified with any picture now in the gallery. 

195. A Horse Fair. Sm. 266. In a large public place. 

Sales. John Humble, London, April n, 1812 (.230, Mulgrave). 
Lord Mulgrave, London, May 12, 1832 (162 : 153.). 

196. A Horse Fair. Sm. 227 and Suppl. 85. In the foreground 
are numerous horses. In the centre is a group of three ; one has a man 
on its back j the rider of the second, a piebald, stoops down under its 
head to tie his shoe. To the right are three children and a woman 
drawing wine from a cask. To the left are two children, and two horses 
at a trough. In the middle distance are groups of horse-dealers and 
others, near booths. " This little picture is rich in subject and painted in 
the artist's most esteemed manner" (Sm.). 

Copper, ii J inches by 14 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1815. 

Sales. Sir S. Clarke, Bart., and G. Hibbert, London, May 14, 1802 

(199:103.). 
George Hibbert, London, June 13, 1829 (278 : 55., Brown for 

Marquess of Ailesbury). 
In the collection of the Marquess of Ailesbury, 1842 (Sm.). 

197. A Horse Fair. Sm. 286 and Suppl. 103. In the centre 
foreground of a busy scene is the chief group. A dealer with a whip and 
a cavalier are bargaining for a grey horse which a groom is showing off ; 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 319 

it kicks out behind. Near these are other dealers looking at horses. In 
front is a boy with a dog. To the left are a grey horse, and a bay 
ridden by a man in a yellow jacket. Farther away is a post-waggon. 
On a distant hill are booths. Many figures and horses are distributed 
over the landscape. " This is a beautiful little gem of the choicest 
quality" (Sm.). [Possibly identical with 199.] 
Panel, 12 inches by 15 inches. 

Mentioned by Paul Eudel, V Hotel Drouot en 1885-86, p. 264. 

In the collection of the Due de Valentinois. 

Sale. J. F. Tuffin, London, 1818 (131 : 55.). 

Bought by Sm. privately, 1826 (^220 : IDS.). 

In the collection of Sir Charles Bagot, Bart., 1829 (Sm.). 

Sale. Sir Charles Bagot, London, June 17, 1836 (.172 : 45.). 

In the collection of E. W. Lake, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. E. W. Lake, London, 1845 (^304 : ios., Nieuwenhuys). 

According to Eudel it was also in the 

Sales. Baron de Varange, Paris, May 26, 1852. 

Comte d'Yvon, Paris. 

Auguste Courtin, Paris, March 29, 1886 (16,000 francs). 

198. A Horse Fair. In the foreground a man on a white stallion 
is bargaining with a cavalier in a red cloak who has dismounted from a 
brown horse. To the right two men are concluding a bargain. To the 
left a rearing horse is being shown off to numerous spectators. To the 
right is a river ; two boys are bathing, and there are some boats full of 
people. 

Panel, 14! inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. S. A. Koopman, Utrecht, April 9, 1847, No. 41. 

199. A Horse Fair. A horse-dealer makes a fine grey horse kick 
out while leading it in front of a cavalier. Near them are other horses, 
one of which has a rider. In the right middle distance some dealers are 
looking at a horse's mouth. In the background is a great crowd. 
Cloudy sky j evening. [Possibly identical with 197.] 

Panel, 20 inches by 14! inches. 

Sale. Baron de Varange, Paris, May 26, 1852, No. 55 (15,000 francs). 

199*. A Horse Fair. 

Exhibited at Manchester, 1857, No. 938. 
Then in the collection of Edward Lloyd. 

199^. A Horse-Dealer parading Horses. 

In the Esterhazy collection, Vienna, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 805). 

200. A Merrymaking and Horse Fair. Horses, waggons, boats, 
and numerous figures. On a bank to the right is an inn, in front of 
which arrive horsemen, peasants, and citizens. To the left a crowd 
presses round a juggler. In the centre a man shows off his horse. A 
dealer has just sold a horse to a soldier. [Possibly identical with 191.] 

Canvas, 27 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Due de Morny, Paris, May 31, 1865, No. 87 (30,500 francs). 



320 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

201. A Horse Fair. A rich composition. 

Signed on the left at foot with the monogram ; canvas, 2i inches by 
inches. 
Sale. A. J. Essingh, Cologne, September 18, 1865, No. 246. 

202. A HORSE FAIR. 

25^ inches by 29 inches. 

In the possession of the London dealer Larkin, 1892 catalogue, No. 22. 

203. A Horse Fair. A rich composition. To the right are 
booths under great trees. In the background are tents with flags. It 
corresponds to the Buckingham Palace picture (181), but is somewhat 
larger. 

24 inches by 29 inches. 

In the Rh6ne" collection, 1854. 

Sales. Pe>eire, Paris, March 6, 1872, No. 177 (15,000 francs). 

Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 565. 

Tabourier, Paris, June 20, 1898, No. 190. 

2030. A Fair. With numerous figures and horses. 
Panel, 17 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Manley Sims and others, London, March 23, 1903, No. 22. 

203^. At the Horse-Dealer's. 

Signed "P. W." ; panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Dr. Fritz Berg and others, Frankfort-on-Main, November 25, 1907, 
No. 167. 

203*:. A Horse Fair. The description agrees with that of 188, but 
the dimensions are somewhat larger. 
Canvas, 24^ inches by 28^ inches. 

Sale. Karl Koner and Editha Moser, born Mauthner von Markhof, Vienna, 
March 5, 1908, No. 38. 

204. AN ASS. Sm. 99. An ass, in profile, stands on rising 
ground in a meadow. In the background, on the farther bank of a ditch 
with water, lies a grey horse. Near it stands a woman with a child in 
her arms, conversing with two persons resting on the ground. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 8 inches by 13 inches. 
Engraved by Dunker in the Choiseul Gallery, No. 21. 
Mentioned by Waagen (i. 408). 
Exhibited at the British Gallery, London, 1824. 

Sales. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 289 (105 
florins, W. Meyer). 

Choiseul, Paris, 1772 (1031 francs). 

(Possibly) The Hague, May 25, 1772, No. 6 (31 florins 10, Van 
Brackel). 

Prince de Conti, Paris, April 8, 1777 (720 francs). 

Robert de St. Victor, Paris, November 26, 1822 (2000 francs). 
In the collection of Sir Robert Peel, Bart., 1829 (Sm.) and 1854 (Waagen). 
Sale. A. W. Peel, London, May 10, 1900, No. 232 (Kleinberger). 
In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



321 



204*7. An Ass. A round picture. [Possibly identical with 204^.] 

Sale. Jacob van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 12, 1719 (Hoet, i. 223), No. 43 
(31 florins, with an octagonal picture). 

204^. An Ass. [Possibly identical with 204*7.] 

Sale. Nicolaas Verkolje, Amsterdam, April 18, 1746 (Hoet, ii. 181), 
No. 38 (6 florins 15, together with "An Ox," No. 39 = 205*). 

205. A Laden Mule. Near it a man is conversing with a woman 
who is resting and a shepherd. Fine accessories. 

Copper, 6 inches by 6 inches. 

Sale. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 417. 

205*7. A Little Ox. 

Sale. Nicolaas Verkolje, Amsterdam 1 8, 1746 (Hoet, ii. 181), No. 39 
(6 florins 15, together with "An Ass," No. 38 = 204^). 

205^. A Greyhound resting. Near some plants. 
Panel, 14^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Theodor Cremer, Rotterdam, April 16, 1816, No. 133 (72 
florins). 

205<r. A Little Dog. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 255. 

206. TWO STAGS. Sm. 398. With two rabbits, in a landscape. 
The little picture is not easily recognised as a Wouwerman ; it would 
seem at a first glance to be a Potter, especially from the animals' heads. 
Only the sky is very typical of Wouwerman. [Pendant to 1039.] 

Signed with the monogram " P S. Wn." ; panel, 9 inches by 6 inches. 

Engraved by Martinasi as " Le Pare au Cerf." 

In the Van Schorel collection, Antwerp (Sm.), but not in the sale of 
June 7, 1774. 

In the collection of Count Solviere (Art Sales}. 

Sale. Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bart., London, May 29, 1794 (.74:115., 

with pendant). 
In the collection of the Duchesse de Berry, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 

105). 

In the possession of the London dealer M. Colnaghi, spring, 1895. 

In the possession of the Vienna dealer Miethke, June 1895, from whom it 
was bought by D. Franken of Le Vesinet as a gift to the museum. 
In the Haarlem Town Museum, 1907 catalogue, No. 299. 

207. A GREY HORSE. It has a red saddle and stands in profile 
to the left on the road near a pollard willow. A boy with his back to 
the spectator holds the horse's bridle. At his feet is a dog. The rider 
sits in the right middle distance. The effect of the grey horse against 
the light sky is very fine. This is one of the best of the early pictures. 
[Compare 229, 298, and 591.] 

Signed on the left at foot with the early monogram ; panel, 1 7 inches 
by 15 inches. 

VOL. II Y 



322 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Exhibited at The Hague, 1890, No. 128. 

Sale. Dirk Versteegh, Amsterdam, November 3, 1823, No. 47 (928 florins, 

Van der Berg). 

In the collection of W. F. van Lennep, Amsterdam. 
Sale. Messchert van Vollenhoven, Amsterdam, March 29, 1 892, No. 1 5 

(15,000 florins). 

Purchased for the museum, 1894, with the help of the Rembrandt Society. 
In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 2720. 

208. A HORSEMAN CONVERSING WITH PEASANTS. 

A few steps from a column to the left, against which is built a thatched 
shed, a horseman has dismounted to converse with three men, one of 
whom is wounded in the head. Near them are a beggar boy and two dogs. 
In the shed are other figures. In the distance are hills. Light clouds in 
the sky. Like the other Antwerp picture (370), this is brown in tone and 
rather early. 

Signed on the right at foot with the early monogram j panel, 14 
inches by 12 inches. 

Acquired in 1821 by Baron Baut de Rasmon from K. Spruyt, Ghent. 
In the Antwerp Museum, Van den Hecke-Baut de Rasmon bequest, 1905 
catalogue, No. 501. 

209. A HORSE. A horse is tied to a tree. The rider has dis- 
mounted. At one side is a dog. The sky is of a warm yellowish-orange 
in tone. An early work. 

Panel. 

Possibly identical with the picture seen at Schleissheim by Parthey (ii. 806) 
and no longer there. 

In the Royal Castle at Aschaffenburg, 1883 catalogue, No. 1 1. 

210. A GREY HORSE IN A MEADOW BY THE SEA. 

A tongue of land overgrown with plants and bushes stretches out, on the 
left, into the still water. A grey horse is grazing in the foreground. 
Fishermen in a boat are drawing in their nets. To the right is a view 
over the sea, with boats. 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, 8 inches by 10 inches. 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1890, No. 330. 

In the collection of .Karl von Hollitscher, Berlin. 

211. A GREY HORSE. A man holds its bridle. A dark land- 
scape. 

In the Schloss, Dessau, No. 24. 

212. A GREY HORSE. With red saddle in a landscape. In the 
left background stands a man. An early work. 

Panel, about 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 800). 
In the Schloss, Dessau, No. 25. 

213. HARNESSING A GREY HORSE. Some poor thatched 
cottages are on a bank in the left foreground. In front of them, in the 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 323 

centre of the picture, a grey horse, facing right, is being harnessed by a 
groom. To the right, with her back to the spectator, sits a woman with 
a child in her arms. Near her is a dog. 

This picture was formerly ascribed to Pieter Van Laer. Yet it is 
an early work by Wouwerman, in which indeed he based himself to some 
extent on Van Laer. A drawing in the Heseltine collection, which 
agrees in the main with this picture, bears the well-known monogram of 
the master's early period, thus confirming the attribution. Bode and 
Scheibler also regard it as an early example of Wouwerman. [Compare 
the very similar 217.] 

Panel, 21 inches by 15^ inches. 

Engraved in aquatint by C. A. Witzani. 

Mentioned in Guarienti's Dresden inventory (before 1753), No. 1589, as a 
" Pietro van Laar." 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1408*. 

214. A Grey Horse, Saddled and Bridled. This has been over- 
cleaned. 

Panel, 9 inches by 8 inches. 

From the Abbey of St. Winoc. 

In the Dunkirk Museum, 1891 catalogue, No. 363. 

215. A GREY HORSE. A man in red tries to lead a grey horse, 
which is in profile to the left, by the halter, across a wooden bridge over a 
ditch to a stable partly seen on the left. The man himself is on the road. 

Signed with the early monogram in red ; panel, 8 inches by 1 1 inches. 

In the Ekman collection, Finspong, Sweden, 1894 catalogue, No. 102. 

2 1 6. The Grey Horse. 

Exhibited at The Hague, 1881, No. 314. 

In the collection of the Baronesses Schimmelpenninck, The Hague. 

217. A Peasant with a Grey Horse. To the left near the centre 
a grey horse stands in profile to the right. A peasant standing behind 
puts the collar on it. To the left, farther back, are two dark thatched 
cottages. To the right, on a bank, sits a woman in a brownish-red jacket 
and white cap, with a child in her arms j near her on the right is a reddish- 
brown dog seen from the back. In the distance is a ship with white sails 
on the sea. Evening effect, but exaggerated. The same subject, with a 
few variations, is given in the Dresden picture (213), which is a little 
larger. Perhaps this is a copy of that. 

Panel, 17 inches by 14! inches. 

In the collection of Nicolaus Hudtwalker, Hamburg. 

In the collection of Johann Wesselhoeft, Hamburg. 

In the Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Wesselhoeft collection, 1889, p. 13. 

2 1 8. An Unsaddled Grey Horse. A grey horse, with a bridle but 
no saddle, stands in front of a steep cliff, to the left of which is a view of a 
grey hill-top under a bright sky with light clouds. A man in a red cap 
kneels in front to tie up his left shoe. 



324 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 
13! inches. 

Exhibition of Renaissance Masterpieces, Munich, 1901, No. 81. 

Acquired from an Antwerp dealer, 1900. 

In the Weber gallery, Hamburg, 1907 catalogue, No. 272. 

219. A HORSE AND ITS RIDER. A man lies on a hill near 
two gnarled trees. Near him is a white dog with its head to the left, seen 
in a three-quarter view from the back. To the left is a brown horse. A 
hen sits on a tree-trunk to the right. To the left is a view of the plain. 
An example of the earliest period which is very full of colour. 

Signed in the centre at foot with the monogram, and dated 1646 , 
panel, 13 inches by i8| inches. 

Purchased from the London dealers P. and D. Colnaghi, 1892. 

In the collection of Julius Otto Gottschald, Leipzig, 1901 catalogue, 
No. 46 ; bequeathed to the town, 1903. 

In the Leipzig Town Museum, Gottschald bequest, 1903 catalogue, No. 
825. 

220. A GREY HORSE. A boy holds a grey horse by the bridle, 
while its rider sits on a tree-trunk in the foreground. In the middle 
distance another horseman and a person on foot come forward. At one 
side are steep rocks. Wrongly attributed in the catalogue to D. Stoop. 
It is a very fine, richly-coloured, early work by P. Wouwerman. 

Panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved in the Stafford Gallery, No. 47, as a Stoop. 
In the collection of Lord Francis Egerton. 

In the collection of the Earl of Ellesmere, Bridgewater House, London, 
No. 228. 

221. AFTERNOON LANDSCAPE WITH A WHITE 
HORSE. This dates from the transition from the early to the middle 
period. It is very effective. 

Panel, i6 inches by 20^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 160). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Hertford, London. 

In the Wallace Collection, London, 1901 catalogue, No. 226. 

222. A LIGHT BAY HORSE. The horse is in front. Near it 
a woman and man are resting on the ground. To the right is a tree, on 
rising ground. A dark early work. It may be good, but is hung in a 
dark place. 

Tall and narrow. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 150). 

In the collection of Lord Caledon, London. 

223. A GREY HORSE. A grey horse in a landscape, against a 
yellow sky. To the left are some almost leafless trees. 

In the Schollaert collection, Louvain. 
In the Helleputte collection, Louvain. 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 325 

224. THE GREY HORSE. A grey horse with a long tail stands 
quietly, facing right. The light glitters in silvery tones on its back and 
flanks. The rider in a dull-red coat and his man-servant are lying down 
on the sloping ground. Above a green hill rise heavy thunderclouds. To 
the right are two leafless willows. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 
1 6 inches. 

Exhibited at Dusseldorf, 1904, No. 404. 

In the collection of Dr. Holscher, Mulheim on the Rhine. 

225. A Saddled Grey Horse. It is brightly illumined from the 
open door of a cottage in which a fire or candle is burning, at night. An 
early work, and somewhat hard. 

Panel. 

In the National Museum, Naples, 1893 catalogue, No. 3. 

226. RIDER AND HORSE. In the foreground of a landscape. 
A fine sky. Of the master's mature period. 

In the collection of S. de Jonge, Paris. 

227. A GREY HORSE. In a landscape, with two travellers, one 
of whom holds its bridle. To the right a dog is drinking. A horseman 
rides away. 

Signed in the left at foot with the monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 
inches. 

In the collection of Lord Penrhyn, Penrhyn Castle, No. 33. 

228. A GREY HORSE AND ITS SLEEPING RIDER. 

In the foreground stands a grey horse, facing right. Its rider, in a red 
jacket, dark breeches, and brown hat, lies asleep on the right, at the foot 
of two old and almost leafless willows. His stick and a jug lie beside him. 
To the left are distant hills and a cottage. 

Signed on the right at foot with the early monogram ; panel, 14^ 
inches by 12 inches. 

In the collection of the late Gustav von Hoschek, Prague, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 137. 

229. A GREY HORSE. A grey horse is drinking. Farther 
away are a woman and two seated figures. A fine reddish sky. To the 
right are a house and a tree. The grey horse resembles, but is not so 
strongly contrasted with the fine sky as, the grey horse in the Amsterdam 
picture (207). A very early work. 

Signed with the full monogram. 

In the collection of C. M. Brantsen, Rhederoord bei de Steeg. 

230. A GREY HORSE. In the right foreground, under two trees, 
a grey horse stands in profile to the left. To the right is his rider. In 
the left background are a river with a sailing-boat, trees, and houses. 
This resembles in style the Nivaa picture (278). 

Signed almost in the centre with the early monogram ; panel, small. 



326 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Mentioned by O. Granberg, Les Collections Privies de la Suede, 1886, p. 33, 
No. 69. 

In the Wachtmeister collection, Wanas, Sweden, No. 78. 

231. A GREY HORSE. With a red saddle, and a man standing. 
In the collection of Count Lanckoroncki, Vienna. 

232. A GREY HORSE. It is bridled by a peasant. To the right 
sits a woman. An early work, brown in tone. 

In the collection of Albert von Rothschild, Vienna. 

232*7. A Horse and a Peasant. 

Sale. Isaak van den Blooken, Amsterdam, May 1 1, 1707 (Hoet, i. 101), 
No. 59 (49 florins). 

232**. A Horse. 

Sale. Cornelis Dusart, Haarlem, August 21, 1708, No. 30. 

232^. A Horse. Of the master's best period. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 6, 1716 (Hoet, i. 194), No. 12 (184 florins). 

232^. A Brown Hors'e. A little picture. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 4, 1727 (Hoet, i. 317), No. 25 (63 florins). 

232^. A Horse. With figures, in a landscape. 

Sale. Govert Looten, Amsterdam, March 31, 1729 (Hoet, i. 333), No. 14 
(43 florins). 

232*. A Horse. 

Sale. Willem Six, Amsterdam, May 12, 1734 (Hoet, i. 412), No. 39 (16 
florins). 

A Horse. [Pendant to "A Farrier's Tent" (142*).] 
inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Johan van Schuylenburch, The Hague, September 20, 1735 (Hoet, 
i. 453), No. 75 (350 florins, De Rore). 

232^. A Horse. 

Sale. Johan de Vries, The Hague, October 13, 1738 (Hoet, i. 565), No. 
123 (16 florins). 

232;.'. A Stallion. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 15, 1739 (Hoet, i. 576), No. 13 (85 florins). 

232;. A Horse. With accessories. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September 16, 1739 (Hoet, i. 600), No. 19 (95 florins). 

2327. A Grey Horse. With five figures in a landscape. 
u inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Hasselaar, Amsterdam, April 26, 1742 (Hoet, ii. 50), No. 13 (74 
florins). 

233. Two Boys with a Horse. Sm. 394. In a landscape with a 
large ruin in the centre, a boy leads a fine horse ; another boy lies down. 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 327 

25 inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by Pelletier as " La Ruine." 

Sale. Martin Robijns, Brussels, May 22, 1758 (425 florins). 

233*7. A Horse in a Landscape. 

Sale. Dirk Kindt and others, The Hague, September 27, 1762, No. 2 
(50 florins 10, Majafvere). 

23 3^. A Horse being Saddled. 

Sale. Willem van Wouw and others, The Hague, May 29, 1764, No. 159 
(4 florins). 

233*:. A Horse and a Man. With accessories. 

15^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Van der Hoeven, Rotterdam, July 20, 1768, No. 2 (40 florins). 

233^. A Horse held by a Boy. 

In the collection of Count J. H. van Wassenaar, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 401), which 
was sold, October 25, 1769. 

233*. A Horse. 

Panel, 12 inches by n inches. 

Sale. P. de Hollander, Haarlem, August 14, 1770, No. 35 (17 florins ,'5, 
J. J. de Neufville). 

234. A Grey Horse. It stands in profile to the left, held by a boy 
who has his back to the spectator and who also holds a dog in leash. The 
saddle lies on the ground. Farther back to the left at the foot of a rock 
stands the rider. In the centre a flight of steps leads up to a higher road, 
on which the upper part of a figure is seen to the right. 

Panel, 14^ inches by n^ inches. 

Engraved by Perry in the Choiseul Gallery, No. 21. 
Sale. Due de Choiseul, Paris, 1772 (500 francs). 

235. A Grey Horse, Saddled. A man stands near. Farther back 
is a rock, with a view beyond. [Pendant to 236.] 

Panel, 5 inches by 7 inches. 

Engraved by N. Verkolje in mezzotint. 

Sales. Nicolaas Verkolje, Amsterdam, April 18, 1746 (Hoet, ii. 181), 

No. 36 (45 florins, with pendant No. 37). 
Antony Sijdervelt, Amsterdam, April 23, 1766 (Terw. 510), No. J 

(30 florins, with pendant No. 8). 

E. van der Marck, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, No. 372 (36 florins, 
with pendant No. 373). 

236. An Old Brown Horse. A woman lies asleep on a little hill. 
[Pendant to 235.] 

Panel, 5 inches by 7 inches. 

See Sales under 235. 

237. A Brown Horse. A brown horse stands in a landscape. A 
woman lies prone near a tree on a hill. 



328 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Panel, 5 inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. E. van der Marck, Amsterdam, August 25, 1773, No. 374 (17 florins, 
Fouquet). 

238. A Grey Horse and a Man. Sm. 165. In the foreground 
of a landscape. 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Borremans, Brussels, June 5, 1781 (625 florins). 

239. A Grey Horse, Saddled. It is held by a man in the fore- 
ground. Another man sits near on a tree. 

Panel, 13 inches by io| inches. 

Sale. J. van der Velden, Amsterdam, December 3, 1781, No. 81 (35 florins, 
Van Braam Helsdingen). 

2390. The So-called " Horse being Stabled." In a dark land- 
scape. 

Panel, 18 inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 800) at the Schloss Bellevue, Kassel. 
In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 86. 
No longer to be found at Kassel. 

240. A Piebald Horse. It is feeding out of a sack of oats near a 
tree, beside which sits a man with a dog. In the middle distance is a 
woman resting with bundles near her ; a man leading a child is on a sandy 
road. Trees and cottages. 

Canvas on panel, iii inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. van Bergen van der Grijp and others, Soeterwoude, June 25, 
1784, No. 135 (325 florins, Fouquet). 

241. A Grey Horse. It is grazing in the foreground of a landscape. 
On the left sits a man conversing with a woman near a willow. Farther 
back a man on foot is going away, with a horseman and a man with a cart. 

Panel, n inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. P.A. J. KnijfF, Antwerp, July 18,1785^0.221 (440 florins, Nanian). 

242. An Old White Horse, Harnessed. Sm. 201. It is in the 
foreground of a landscape. At the foot of some trees to the right are a 
woman with a child and a man asleep on his back. 

Panel, 12 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Marin, Paris, March 22, 1790 (1000 francs). 

2420. A Grey Horse. It stands near a tree in the foreground of a 
hilly landscape. Near it two men are resting. [Possibly identical with 
260.] 

Panel, 14^ inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Versijden van Varick, Leyden, October 29, 1791, No. 45 (130 
florins). 

243. A Horse. Its rider stands near. In the foreground a man- 
servant lays out game on the ground. A hilly landscape. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 329 

Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. J. C. Werther, Amsterdam, April 25, 1792, No. 183. 

243*7. A Man with a Bay Horse. 

Canvas, 5^ inches by 6J inches. 

Sale. Aart Schouman, The Hague, October 17, 1792, No. 16 (4 florins 10, 
Valette). 

244. A Grey Horse. A boy holds it by the bridle while a man 
saddles it. Other accessories in the background. 

Panel, n inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 16, 1797, No. 308 (72 florins). 

245. A Piebald Horse. It stands in the foreground. Near it is a 
man on an ass laden with faggots. Farther away are another man and a 
woman resting. 

Panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 16, 1797, No. 310 (135 florins). 

246. A Cavalier standing by his Grey Horse. He gives alms 
to a beggar-woman with children. Farther away are huntsmen, dogs, and 
a fine dune landscape. In the foreground are a fallen tree, bushes, and so 
forth. 

Canvas, n| inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. C. van Hardenberg, Utrecht, September 20, 1802, No. 96 (120 florins, 
Cobell). 

246^. A Cavalier mounting his Horse. Behind him is a dog 
near a tree. A fine distance. 
Panel, 8 inches by n inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 22, 1809, No. 146 (i florin 15). 

247. A Grey Horse. Near a cottage and trees sit a man resting 
and a woman. A well-dressed woman stands near, conversing with them. 
At one side is a grey horse which a peasant is watering. In the distance 
a man is walking. 

Canvas, 12 inches by n inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 6, 1809, No. 72. 

247*. A Horse standing in a Meadow. 

Panel, 12 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 1812, No. 136 (6 florins, Nieuwenhuys). 

247^. An Old Horse. It stands near a tree-stump. A man lies on 
the ground near it ; a woman stands. 
Panel, n| inches by 8 inches. 
Sale. Rotterdam, April 25, 1817, No. 140 (53 florins, Kouwenhove). 

248. A Peasant holding a Horse by the Bridle. He is on a 

hill conversing with an old man who carries a large basket of turf. 
Farther away is a white dog. A dune landscape with a fine sky. On 



330 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

another hill in the middle distance a man sits near two thatched cottages ; 
a woman carrying a basket of turf enters one of them. Light and silvery 
in tone. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. De Burtin, Brussels, July 21, 1819, No. 202. 

2480. A Horse lying down. In a hilly landscape. 
Panel, 13 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. H. A. Bauer and others, Amsterdam, September 1 1, 1820, No. 153 
(4 florins 1 5, Engelberts). 

249. A Grey Horse. It is held by the bridle. People are resting 
on a little bank under a tree by the roadside. A horseman goes away 
along the road. 

Panel, 13 inches by io inches. 

Sale. H. A. van der Heuvel, Utrecht, June 27, 1825, No. 65 (677 florins, 
Van der Bleik). 

250. A Grey Horse, Saddled. A young man holds it by the 
bridle on a grassy hill near the trunk of a dead tree. The rider is seen 
behind the hill. A black dog lies among bushes in the foreground. 

Panel, 19^ inches by 14^ inches. 

Sales. Mile. A. C. Putman, Amsterdam, August 17, 1803, No. 90 (650 

florins, Roos). 

Van Roothaan, Amsterdam, March 29, 1826, No. 133 (950 florins, 
Van der Berg). 

251. An Old Grey Horse. The tired horse stands near a withered 
willow, behind which, on the slope of a hill, sit two waggoners. 

Panel, 13 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 12 
(720 florins). 

252. A Horse drinking out of a Pail. A man holds the pail 
in front of an old horse. There are other figures. 

Sale. Rotterdam, April 1 1, 1827, No. 63 (128 florins, Wijland). 

252*. Landscape with a Grey Horse. 

Panel, 13! inches by n inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 17, 1837, No. 112 (4 florins 75, Haane). 

253. A Horse. A cavalier is mounting a horse, with the help of 
his groom, in a hilly landscape. A woman sits on the ground near them 
nursing her child. The cavalier has two dogs. Fine colour. 

Canvas, io inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 409. 

254. A Piebald Horse. In the foreground of a wooded and hilly 
landscape. Near the horse are a man and a seated girl. [Pendant to 
41 oa.] 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 331 

Signed " Ph. Wouwerman" (?) ; panel, 12 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. A. Baron van Harinxraa thoe Slooten, Amsterdam, September 9, 
1839, No. 86 (115 florins, with pendant, Schetsberg). 

254*7. A Grey Horse. Near it is a cart. A man sits at the foot of 
a tree. In the distance are cottages. 
Panel, 13^ inches by io| inches. 
Sale. Steenecruys, Antwerp, May 14, 1850, No. no. 

254^. A Grey Horse. Near it are some poor people. 
Panel, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August zo, 1856, No. 213. 

254^-. A Horse. A boy holds it. Farther back sits another boy. 

Panel, 15^ inches by n inches. 

Sale. Mile. C. M. Drekman, Amsterdam, April 14, 1857, No. 116. 

255. A Horse. In the foreground. To the left is a cottage, to the 
right a distant view. A good picture of the early period under the 
influence of P. van Laer. 

In the collection of the Duke of Northumberland, Alnwick Castle, 1857 
(Waagen, Suppl. 471), but no longer there. 

256. A Grey Horse. Near it stands a man. A woman with a 
child sits on the ground. An early work ; warm evening light. 

In the collection of the Earl of Harrington, Harrington House, London, 
1857 (Waagen, Suppl. 239). 

256*7. Men loading a Grey Horse with Bags. 

In the Haseloff collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

256^. A Grey Horse. -The rider has dismounted. 
Signed with the monogram ; panel, 16 inches by 13^ inches. 

In the Mestern collection, Hamburg, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

256^. An Old Grey Horse. 

Signed " Ph. W." j panel, about I2| inches by I2| inches. 

At S5der before 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

Sale. Count von Brabeck and Count Andreas von Stolberg, Hanover, 
October 31, 1859, No. 296. 

256^. A Grey Horse. His rider is mounting. 
Canvas, a small picture. 

In the Held collection, Wurzburg, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

257. A Horse. The rider has dismounted and holds the bridle. A 
dog stands near. The rider converses with an old fisherman carrying 
nets. Farther back are peasants in front of a cottage ; beyond is a river. 
[Almost certainly identical with 257^.] 

Signed ; panel, 12 inches by 14^ inches. 

Sale. Comte de Bude de Ferney, Paris, April 8, 1864, No. 61. 



332 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

257*7. A Horse. It is tied to a tree ; the rider is asleep at the side. 
Signed on the left at foot, "P. W" ; canvas, i?4 inches by 
inches. 

Sale. Samuel Baruch, Cologne, May 23, 1870, No. 44. 

257^. A Grey Horse. It stands in a landscape. The rider lies on 
the ground to the right. 

Panel, 9 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Fr. Baudri, and others, Cologne, June 14, 1875, No. 351. 

257*:. The Sleeping Rider and his Horse. A rider lies stretched 
out asleep on the ground at the foot of a ruined tower overgrown with 
plants. His horse is eating oats from a sack, under which is the saddle. 
On the right is a dog. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 564. 

257^. A Bay Horse with a Rider resting. A cavalier in a 
blue doublet and grey felt hat sits on a bank, holding the bridle of his bay 
horse. At his feet is a white dog. He seems to be asking the way from 
an old peasant seated near him with a basket full of nets on his back. In 
the left middle distance two peasants halt at a thatched cottage. [Almost 
certainly identical with 257.] 

Panel, 12 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 569. 

257*. A Rider who has dismounted. He converses with a 
peasant. 

In the Chapuis collection. 

Sale. Ant. Sils, Antwerp, March 21, 1882, No. 36. 

258. A BROWN HORSE. In profile to the right in a land- 
scape. The rider lies on the ground to the right, conversing with a 
peasant who stands before him. In the left distance is a flock of sheep. 
To the right is a rock, past which goes a waggon drawn by a grey 
horse. Catalogued as by Paulus Potter, but certainly an early work by 
P. Wouwerman. 

20 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Merlo and others, Cologne, December 9, 1891, No. 144 (430 marks). 

259. A GREY HORSE. In a hilly landscape near two pollard 
willows on the right. A peasant lies asleep on the ground. An early 
work. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 14^ inches by 
ii| inches. 

In the Kaufmann collection, Berlin. 

Sale. Hauptmann, Paris, March 22, 1897, No. 53. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

In the possession of the Amsterdam dealer Goudstikker. 

Sale. Haemacher, Amsterdam, November 30, 1897, No. 123 (830 florins). 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 333 

260. A GREY HORSE. With two peasants on a forest road. 
To the right is a tree-trunk. In the distance is a river with hills beyond. 
A good early work. [Possibly identical with 242*7.] 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; 14^ inches by 16 
inches. 

Sale. Mieville, London, April 29, 1899, No. 93 (236). 

260*. A Grey Horse. 

Copper, 6 inches by 8| inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 17, 1902, No. 95. 

260^. A Grey Horse. 

Panel, 6 inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. London, June 22, 1903, No. 125. 

26oc. A Peasant and a Grey Horse. 

9 inches by 7 inches. 

Sale. Atkinson, London, January 25, 1904, No. 120. 

260^. A Rider and a Grey Horse. Near a cottage. [Possibly 
identical with 262.] 

Panel, 13^ inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. Corbett Winder and others, London, June 17, 1905, No. 117. 

260*. A Peasant and a Horse. In front of a house. 
Panel, 16 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. Edward Robinson, London, November 26, 1906, No. 172. 

261. A GREY HORSE IN A PASTURE. To the left of a 
hilly landscape stands a grey horse grazing, in profile to the right. 
Behind it to the left a young woman with her hands on her hips stands 
talking to a man seated at the foot of a willow. A man in a red cloak 
comes riding along the road in the right middle distance, followed by a 
man on foot. A peasant is ploughing. Two birds are seen in the blue 
sky with light clouds. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, I2| inches by 
9! inches. 

Sale. Ch. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 213 (4100 francs). 

262. A GREY HORSE AND ITS RIDER IN FRONT 
OF A COTTAGE. To the left is a cottage with birds' nests in the 
thatch ; in front of it, and in the centre of the picture, is a dead tree. 
To the right, a grey horse, seen from the back in a view three-quarters 
right, is relieved against the sky ; its master's red cloak lies over the 
saddle. The rider stands near the tree in profile to the left, pulling up 
his left boot. Between horse and rider sits a dog. [Possibly identical 
with 260^.] 

Panel, 13 J inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. C. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 215 (6000 francs). 

263. TWO HORSES. A man in a yellow jacket and red breeches 



334 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

stands, with his back to the spectator, in front of an old monument. A 
boy holds a brown horse. There is also a grey horse in a green landscape. 

In the collection of Boughton Knight, Downton Castle, near Ludlow. 

264. TWO HORSES (or, A Man bridling a Grey Horse). 

Sm. Suppl. 194. To the left, in front of a cottage, a peasant is bridling 
a grey horse which faces left. A brown horse lies on the ground to the 
left. To the right a boy in a blue jacket plays with a dog. In the 
right distance a peasant is ploughing. To the left the sky is full of rain- 
clouds. [Compare the similar Dresden picture 213.] 

Signed on the left at foot with the monogram ; panel, 12 inches by 
15 inches. 

Sale. J. van Bergen van der Grijp and others, Soeterwoude, June 25, 1784, 
No. 136 (225 florins, Fouquet). 

Acquired in 1817 from the Neufville-Gontard collection. 

In the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort-on-Main, 1900 catalogue, 
No. 312. 

265. A GREY HORSE AND A BROWN HORSE. In 

front of a cliff. On the ground lies a soldier. An old woman combs a 
dog's coat. In the right background, horsemen ride up a hill. Very 
brown in tone. 

Signed in the left centre with the early monogram. 

In the Lierre Museum, 1899 catalogue, No. 6. 

266. Two Horses in a Pasture. A grey horse stands in the 
centre ; a chestnut lies down to the left. To the right a man with a fur 
cap sits with his dog. In the left background, some sheep rest near a little 
hill on which are two almost leafless trees. Some birds in a cloudy sky. 

Signed on the left or right, according to the Martinet sale catalogue 
with the monogram j panel, 13^ inches by 10 inches. 

Sales. H. D. Roussel, Brussels, May 23, 1893, No. 71. 

Martinet, Paris, February 27, 1896, No. 43. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the Blirger collection, Paris. 

267. A Brown Horse and a Piebald. With a man, woman, and 
child in a landscape. 

Panel, 14^ inches by i6 inches. 

In the collection of Willem Lormier, The Hague ; he had bought it from 
Jan Block, Ghent (for 475 florins), according to his store-room catalogue of 
December 1754, No. 342 ; sold by him to Van Bragge, May I, 1758 (for 650 
florins). 

268. A Brown Horse and a Grey. They stand in the foreground 
of a landscape. To the right, near a tree, three men lie asleep. In the 
distance are trees and hills. [Pendant to 677^.] 

Panel, 7 inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. N. NieuhofF, Amsterdam, April 14, 1777, No. 244 (71 florins, with 
pendant, Roos). 

269. Two Horses in a Landscape. On a road in the right fore- 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 335 

ground is a cottage j it has a door opening on a wooden bridge, which a 
woman is crossing. To the left sits a peasant with sheep. At one side 
a grey horse is grazing ; another horse is lying down. Farther back is a 
village. 

Panel, 18 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Pieter Gets and others, Amsterdam, January 31, 1791, No. 3 (22 
florins, Goll). 

2690. Two Horses. One is a grey. Farther back are figures in a 
landscape. 
Panel. 
Sale. Antwerp, May 12, 1806, No. 91. 

270. A Horse standing and another lying down. With 
figures in a hilly landscape. 

15 inches by 17 inches. 

Sales. Herman Schuurman, Rotterdam, April 2, 1739 (Hoet, i. 571), No. 7 

(145 florins, Jacob van Dam). 

J. A. van Dam, Dordrecht, June I, 1829, No. 151 (48 florins, 
Abrahams). 

271. A Halt of Travellers in a Landscape. Sm. 264. In the 
foreground a grey horse is feeding out of a basket which a man fills with 
hay. Beyond it stands a brown horse laden with baggage. Near them, 
by the roadside, sits a woman with a child in her lap and a little boy at 
her side. On the opposite side, farther ofF, a man walks beside a woman 
on horseback. "Painted in the artist's middle time" (Sm.). 

Panel, 13^ inches by I2| inches. 

Sale. Le Brun, Paris, 1812 (2360 francs). 

In the collection of Alexander Baring, London, 1829 (Sm.). 

272. Travellers reposing. Sm. Suppl. 210. Near an old tree, in 
the foreground of a barren landscape, a grey horse is browsing and a bay 
is cropping the leaves. Beyond, to the left, a woman with a child in her 
arms and two men are resting. Farther back, on a hill-top, a post-waggon 
halts at a cottage. " This pleasing picture is painted in the artist's second 
manner." 

Panel, 13! inches by 16 inches. 

In the collection of J. Newington Hughes, 1 842 (Sm.). 

Sale. J. Newington Hughes, London, April 14, 1848 (.107 : 2s., Norton). 

273. Two Horses grazing and People resting. In the right 
foreground, under a large tree, a woman sits with her child at her breast ; 
tired peasants are resting. Near them stand two horses ; one, a grey horse, 
is grazing, while the other, a brown horse, is cropping the leaves. Farther 
back a countryman is sowing seed. At one side some people are resting. 
A shepherd is driving his flock. Hilly background. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 17^ inches. 

Sales. Baron Pabst van Bingerden, The Hague, September 7, 1842, No. 44 

(9000 florins). 
P. de Leeuw and P. Barbiers, Amsterdam, July n, 1843, No. 125. 



336 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

274. Two Horses. A grey horse stands on a hill ; another horse is 
coming down. Fine sunshine. 

In the collection of John Neeld, Grittleton House, 1854 (Waagen, ii. 247). 

274*7. Two Riders dismounted from Grey Horses. It is 

uncertain which Wouwerman painted this. 
Canvas on panel, 10 inches by 8 inches. 
In the Schloss, Schwerin, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 813), but no longer there. 

274^. Two Horses drinking at a Trough. In front of a house ; 
a man is at the door. 

Panel, 15 J inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. London, February 6, 1897, No. 94. 

275. TWO HORSEMEN. With a white dog, at a cottage door. 
One is lying down ; the other stands. Very early, and not especially good. 

Signed in the centre with the monogram ; 15 inches by 13 inches. 

Exhibited at Leeds, 1889. 

Sale. Eraser, London, May 7, 1904, No. 95. 

276. Two Unsaddled Horses. They stand side by side in the 
centre foreground, in profile to the right. The front horse is light, the 
other dark ; one is grazing near a tree-trunk. Behind them to the left a 
man holds a pole in both hands. Behind him, farther left, a countrywoman 
rides forward. Still farther back a kneeling woman puts a lamb in a 
basket. In the right middle distance is a river with a stone bridge. In 
the water, in front of a boat tied to the bank, is a woman ; another in her 
shift sits on the bank. 

Signed to the left with the monogram ; panel, 18 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Madame Duval, Paris, November 28, 1904, No. 17 (3500 francs). 

277. TWO HORSES AT PASTURE. In the centre fore- 
ground are two grey horses j one stands in profile to the right, the other 
lies with its head to the right. On the right, farther back, sits a woman 
with a child asleep in her arms. At her feet are a dog, some ducks, and 
an earthenware jug. On the left a man in a red coat is tying a sheep's 
four legs together. Beyond is a shepherd with his flock. In the right 
middle distance is a cottage. Behind the horse standing up is a tree 
with few leaves. White clouds in a blue sky. 

Signed on a stone to the left with the monogram j panel, 14 inches by 
17 inches. 

Sale. Weyer, Amsterdam, April 24, 1906, No. 63. 

278. A HORSEMAN AND A WOMAN SPINNING IN 
FRONT OF A HOUSE. A grey horse stands facing left in a land- 
scape. On the right, at the foot of a withered tree in front of a cottage, 
a horseman sits drinking out of a stoneware mug. Beside him to the 
right stands a woman with a distaff. To the left is a flat landscape. A 
horseman in red looks round as he rides away. [Compare 230.] 

Signed with the full monogram. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 337 

Exhibited at the Hague, 1890 ; and at Utrecht, 1894, No. 464. 

Sale. A. H. H. van der Burgh, Amsterdam, September 21, 1904, No. 45 

(2600 florins). 
In the collection of J. Hage, Nivaa. 

279. A PIEBALD HORSE, ITS RIDER, AND A WOMAN 
SPINNING. In a landscape. In the centre foreground a grey horse 
with brown spots, in profile to the left, grazes near a tree. To the left is 
a peasant. By the roadside to the right sits a woman holding a distaff; 
behind her is a boy. In the middle distance a man comes riding on a 
mule laden with faggots ; in the distance a horseman rides away. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, i6| inches by 14 inches. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, " Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1897, No. 49. 

In the collection of Dr. Melville Wassermann, Paris. 

280. TWO HORSEMEN AND A WOMAN SPINNING 
IN FRONT OF A COTTAGE. Sm. 350 ; M. 54. A countryman, 
holding his horse by the bridle, converses with a woman who sits on the 
ground spinning. At his feet lies a saddle ; to the left another man is 
adjusting the saddle of a brown horse. In the right middle distance is a 
decayed cottage at the foot of a hill with two trees on it. At the cottage 
door an old woman calls a boy, who runs up a flight of stone steps to the 
door. On a narrow path to the right comes a countryman with a pack- 
horse. It is a dark and apparently unimportant picture, so far as one can 
see it. A piece has been added at the top which is abruptly curved. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 18^ inches 
by 14 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 54, as "La Chaumiere," 1747; and by A. 
Tischler as " Retraite des Voyageurs." 

In the collection of Count Bruhl, 1747. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1003. 

281. A Peasant and a Woman spinning. In front of a country 
inn a man stands by a grey horse. He holds a mug, and converses with a 
woman who sits on the doorstep spinning. Near her is a boy with a dog. 
There is another horseman. 

Panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 1 6, 1797, No. 307 (200 
florins). 

282. A Young Woman at her Distaff. Sm. Suppl. 158. In 
front of a picturesque old house sits a woman with a distaff. She converses 
with a man in a red jacket, who stands holding his horse's bridle. Farther 
back a sportsman rides away on a brown horse, followed by a dog. A 
woman amuses a child with a dog. Somewhat dark in tone. 

Panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

In the collection of Lord Colborne, London, 1842(801.), and i854(Waagen, 
ii. 241). 

283. A Horseman resting and a Woman spinning. Two 

VOL. II Z 



338 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

horsemen have halted on the right in front of an inn, at the half-opened 
door of which is a man with a child. One has dismounted from his grey 
horse and converses with a woman seated on the ground. To the left is 
a distant view. In the middle distance is a horseman. Modern, according 
to Van den Burgh. 

Signed on the left at foot with the monogram ; panel, i6 inches by 
15 inches. 

Sale. Freiherr von MUnchhausen, F. Reichardt, J. P. Weyer, and others, 
Cologne, October 28, 1887, No. 160 (700 marks, Kohlbacher). 

284. HORSES BEFORE A COTTAGE AND A WOMAN 
SPINNING. In the centre foreground a man holds a grey horse in 
profile to the right. He converses with a peasant woman, who sits on the 
right with her dog and holds a distaff. To the left, behind the grey, 
stands a brown horse, saddled, with its head turned away ; beside it is a 
man in a broad-brimmed hat. Farther back, up a flight of steps where 
are some hens, a child is going to his mother, who stands at the cottage 
door. In the right middle distance a man in a brown jacket with red 
sleeves comes riding on a mule. Sunset. 

Panel, i6 inches by 15 inches. 

In the collection of Jacob de Hirsch, 1878. 

Sales. Baronne de H(irsch), Paris, June 17, 1904. 

C. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 216 (3000 francs). 

285. A SPORTSMAN FLIRTING WITH A MILKMAID. 

Sm. 458, and Suppl. 218. A sportsman has dismounted to caress a young 
girl who kneels to the left milking a goat. His grey horse with a red 
saddle is held by a page in yellow, whose back is to the spectator. To the 
right, on the edge of a clear stream, is a barking dog. In the right middle 
distance two horsemen ride away. In the left distance is a hill with 
buildings and tall trees. A shepherd with his flock and three figures. 
" An excellent picture, painted in the artist's second manner " (Sm.). 
[Compare 289.] 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 14 inches 
by 14 inches. 

In the Van Saceghem collection, Ghent, 1829 (Sm.). 

Sale. Van Saceghem of Ghent, Brussels, June 2, 1851, No. 83 (7600 

francs, Le Roy). 
In the Brussels Museum, 1906 catalogue, No. 525. 

286. TWO MILKMAIDS CONVERSING WITH A 
HORSEMAN. Sm. Suppl. 51. On a grey horse in profile to the 
left sit a countryman and a woman whose back is to the spectator. The 
man converses with two countrywomen standing to the left. One, 
facing the spectator, carries two milk-pails on a yoke ; the other has a brass 
can slung at her back. In the foreground, at the edge of a stream, is a 
dog. In the right middle distance, at the foot of a tree on a bank, 
sits a peasant with a basket ; he points with his right hand to the 
distance. On the extreme right a man going away with a pack-ass is 
partly visible. 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



339 



Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 12 inches 
by 14 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau (according to Btirger). 

In the collection of the Due d'Arenberg, Brussels, W. Biirger's 1859 
catalogue, No. 70 ; it was there in 1843 (Sm.). 

287. A TRAVELLER HALTING AT AN INN ; A GIRL 

MILKING A GOAT. Sm. 107, and Suppl. 253. Near a house 
on the left a young country girl is milking a goat. A traveller has 
dismounted and jests with her. An old man, a woman, and a boy 
look on with amusement ; the man stands with a child at the house 
door ; the woman leans on the top of a well, where she has just filled a 
pail. Near them, a groom gives hay to a horse for which a peasant is 
waiting. From the right middle distance two men ride forward. A 
third waters his horse at a stream in which boys are bathing. [Compare 
140. Possibly identical with 433.] 
Canvas, 19^ inches by 24 inches. 

Sales. Louis Michel van Loo, Paris, November 1772 (2000 francs). 

Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832, No. 175 (3005 

francs). 

Sold by Sm. to Baron Charles Rothschild, 1842. 
In one of the Rothschild collections, London or Paris. 

288. A CAVALIER OUT HAWKING, AND A GIRL 
MILKING A GOAT. A cavalier has dismounted and jests with 
a girl who is milking a goat at the roadside. His groom holds the 
horses. Very fine colouring. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 13 inches 
by 14 inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 84 

(1666 florins). 
In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 498. 

288*7. A Horseman jesting with a Milkmaid. Near some 
trees, in the foreground of a fine dune landscape, a horseman jests 
with a pretty milkmaid. His grey horse and dog stand near. Farther 
away are a man on horseback and a peasant. Over a stream at the side 
is a bridge, over which an angler is walking. There are other figures, 
lying down or walking. By Wouwerman or in his manner. 

Panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 7, 1804, No. 188. 

2%Saa. A Horseman halting to caress a Girl. In front of a 
house stands a cavalier caressing a girl. Near him is a saddled horse. 
Farther away are another horse and a man on foot, a woman with a child, 
and a boy with hounds. 

i8 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. L. Bouman and others, Leyden, August 24, 1802, No. 3. 

289. A Sportsman jesting with a Milkmaid. Sm. 200. In 
the foreground a boy holds the bridle of a fine roan charger, with a red 



340 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT> 

cloak on its back. The cavalier caresses a milkmaid near an old tree to 
the left. A dog barks at the boy. "An excellent little picture" (Sm.). 
[Compare 285.] 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 13 inches. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, ii. 265. 

Sales. Boyer de Fons Colombe (of Aix, Provence), Paris, January 18, 1790 
(1601 francs). 

S. de Sereville, Paris, January 21, 1812 (3160 francs). 

General Sebastiani, 1814. 

Chevalier de Crochart, 1815. 
In the collection of Alexander Baring, 1829 (Sm.). 

290. A Sportsman jesting with a Woman. A fine restive 
saddled horse is held by a groom who carries his master's cloak. To the 
right people are going hawking. To the left the cavalier interrupts a 
woman at her work. 

Canvas, 14! inches by i6| inches. 

Sale. Baron Pabst van Bingerden, The Hague, September 7, 1842, No. 45 
(2000 florins). 

291. A HAWKING PARTY; A GIRL AT A WELL. 

Sm. Suppl. 240. A hawking party pass over a hill by a cottage. 
One man has dismounted from his grey horse, to caress a young woman 
at a well. On the other side is a sportsman on a brown horse, with a 
hawk on his wrist and a dog in leash at his side. A lady and a cavalier 
precede him. Two peasants at the side salute them. An early picture 
but rich in colour. 

Panel, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

In the collection of Earl Spencer, Althorp, No. 115; it was there in 
1842 (Sm.). 

292. TWO GENTLEMEN HAWKING, AT AN INN ; 
ONE JESTS WITH A GIRL AT A WELL. Sm. 224 and 

Suppl. 84. A cavalier has dismounted from his grey horse and caresses 
a girl who is drawing water at a well on the right. With his left hand 
the cavalier holds the bridle of his horse, which stands in the centre, 
facing almost right. In the middle distance another sportsman with 
hawk on wrist rides his bay horse under an archway, followed by two 
dogs and a falconer on foot. [Sm. says, by a woman with a bundle on her 
head.] To the right is the inn, overgrown with vines. Two boys are 
plucking grapes ; a woman looks out of a window. Through the 
archway is a view of a bright hilly distance. In the immediate fore- 
ground are some fowls. [Probably identical with 697. Compare 294, 
296, and 889.] 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Exhibited at Dusseldorf, 1904, No. 405. 

Sm. describes (No. 184), "The Interior of a Stable," also on panel, which 
agrees with this, though he gives the size as 15 inches by 13^ inches. It was, 
he says, in the Sales 

De Clesne, Paris, December 4, 1786 (6101 francs). 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 341 

Marquis de Montesquieu, Paris, December 9, 1788 (5000 francs, 

with pendant 887). 

And it was, he says, in the Six van Winter collection, Amsterdam, 1829. But 
no such picture is now in the Six collection, or can be traced as having been 
in it. 

Sale. Jan Gildemeester Jansz, Amsterdam, June n, 1800, No. 268 (1800 

florins, Reyers). 

In the possession of the London dealer Brown, 1830, for sale (at j6oo). 
Sales. London, 1831 (^262 : IDS., bought in). 

Charles Norris, London, 1873. 
In the collection of Frau Adele von Carstanjen, Berlin. 

293. TWO HORSEMEN CONVERSING WITH A GIRL 
AT A WELL. Sm. 308. A hilly landscape with a pool in front. 
Beside a well to the right stands a girl with a pail, conversing with a 
trumpeter on a bay horse, who has his back to the spectator. Beside him 
stands another horseman who has dismounted and holds his grey horse by 
the bridle ; he watches a white spaniel which is drinking. In the middle 
distance a peasant sits by the roadside. "A clear and finely painted 
picture" (Sm.). [Pendant to 425. Compare 296^7.] 

Signed ; panel, 16^ inches by 23^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 343). 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 79; Sm. 
saw it there in 1829 (and valued it at 367 : ios.). 

294. A Sportsman in an Inn -Yard jesting with a Girl. 

This picture agrees with 292 save in the following details. The two 
boys plucking grapes are absent. Behind the horseman with a hawk 
comes a young woman holding a bundle on her head with her left hand, 
and not a falconer [this accords with Sm.'s description of 292]. The 
cavalier with the girl has his left hand in his pocket ; his horse stands 
freely in the centre, facing right. 
Panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

In the Crochet collection, Lyons. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

295. A Hunting Party halting at an Inn; A Sportsman 
with a Girl at a Well. Sm. 473. A flight of stone steps leads to 
the inn door, at which a woman with a child in her arms takes an empty 
jug from a cavalier. Behind him is a fine prancing roan horse, whose 
rider has dismounted to caress a girl at a well. Nearer the door is a lady 
on a fine bay, nearly facing the spectator. Beyond are a baggage waggon 
and some travellers arriving. To the right are a woman drawing water 
at a well and two children, one of them riding a goat. 

" Although the figures and animals in this very capital picture are 
unusually large, yet the drawing is as correct and spirited, the finishing as 
exquisite, and the colour as finely enamelled, as in any of this artist's 
smaller works. It is signed and dated 1656 ; and as this and another (in 
which the figures and horses are equally large) are the only pictures 
that the writer has seen with a date " except two dated early pictures 
" it is probable that the artist considered them as the finest examples of 



342 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

his works. The above picture is certainly unique, and would con- 
sequently be valued accordingly perhaps 2000 guineas" (Sm.). 
Signed and dated 1656 ; canvas, about 38 inches by 50 inches. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, ii. 356. 
In the Van Loon collection, Amsterdam, 1829 (Sm.), bought as a whole 
by the Rothschilds, 1878. 

In the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild, Paris. 

296. TRAVELLERS AT A COUNTRY INN ; A CAVA- 
LIER AND A GIRL AT A WELL. Sm. 140 and Suppl. 131.- 
In the right foreground, in front of an inn, a cavalier has dismounted. He 
caresses a girl who is drawing water at a well. To the left is his grey 
horse, unsaddled, seen in a three-quarter view from the back, with its 
head to the left. In the left foreground are a cock and two hens. Farther 
back, a traveller on a pack-horse is riding away, preceded by a man 
driving a laden ass. In the right foreground by the well are a copper pot, 
an earthen pan, and a broom. A "beautiful picture " (Sm.). [Pendant 
to 847. Compare 889, and Sm. 184 under 292.] 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 15 inches by 13 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 395 ; and probably 
by Paul Eudel, V Hotel Drouot en 1886-87. 

Sales. TheUusson, Paris, December I, 1777 (3800 francs, with pendant). 
Tronchin des Delices, Paris, 1778 (2101 francs). 

In the collection of Baron Delessert, Paris, 1842 (Sm.). 

Sale. Baron Delessert, Paris, March 15, 1869, No. 108 (13,000 francs). 

In the collection of Comte E. Pourtales, Paris. 

Sale. (Probably) Comtesse de Nadaillac, Paris, June 3, 1887 mentioned 
by Eudel. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of loo 
Paintings," 1896, No. 54. 

In the collection of John G. Johnson, Philadelphia. 

296*. The Girl at the Well ("La Belle a Puits"). [Probably 
identical with one of the preceding, perhaps 293.] 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, ii. 279, 291. 
[n the collection of Prince Lucien Bonaparte, 1815, No. 134. 

297. A HORSEMAN AND BATHERS NEAR A RUIN. 

Brown in tone. Not by Pieter van Laer, as the catalogue suggests, 
but a genuine Wouwerman despite the false monogram. 

A forged monogram of Wouwerman to the left ; panel, i6 inches by 
2o| inches. 

In the collection of J. Amsinck, Hamburg. 

In the Hamburg Kunsthalle ; Amsinck bequest, 1879; * n tne ^87 
catalogue, No. 90. 

298. A MAN ON A GREY HORSE. He is dressed in red 
and gives alms to two beggars, a man and a woman. A dog runs in 
front. On a hill to the right are two dead trees. A very good early 
work ; it recalls the " Grey Horse " at Amsterdam (207), but is somewhat 
browner in tone. 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 343 

Signed in the centre at foot, half under the frame, with the early 
monogram ; panel, 1 1\ inches by 9^ inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1873, No. 
221, and 1902, No. 174; said in the catalogue to have come from the 
Desenfans collection. 

In the collection of Sir James Carmichael, London. 

299. TRAVELLERS RESTING. In a hilly landscape. To 
the right is a cliff. A man in a white shirt on a grey horse. A fine 
picture of the early period. 

Signed with the monogram. 

In the Rumjanzof Museum, Moscow, 1901 catalogue, No. 559. 

300. A HORSEMAN ON A BROWN HORSE. In a 

broad landscape. Behind him is a dog. Both he and the dog are 
going from left to right. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 13^ inches 
by 12^ inches. 

In the collection of the Earl of Carlisle, Naworth. 

301. A HORSEMAN ON A GREY HORSE. He halts by 
an old wall, round which the road winds towards open country. An old 
beggar, hat in hand, steps humbly towards him ; the beggar's wife, with 
a child at her breast, stands at the side. [Pendant to 313.] 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, ii\ inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Count Schonborn of Pommersfelden, Paris, May 17, 1867, No. 136 

(24,500 francs ?). 
In the Oldenburg Museum, 1890 catalogue, No. 1 80. 

302. A MAN ON A GREY HORSE CONVERSING 
WITH A MAN SEATED AT THE ROADSIDE. Sm. Suppl. 
177. A man in a red jacket on a grey horse in profile to left speaks to 
a man seated at the roadside with his back to the spectator. To the left, 
in front of him, sits a woman holding a sleeping child. In the right 
background is a plain ; to the left is a hill which two men on foot are 
climbing. A fine picture of the transition from the early to the middle 
period. "Painted in a clear and silvery tone" (Sm.). 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 12^ inches 
by II inches. 

In the collection of Count Cobenzl, Brussels ; acquired from him, in 1777, 
by Prince Galitzin for the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1006 (Sm. 
valued it, 1842, at 160). 

303. A HORSEMAN ASKING HIS WAY. A rider on a 
brown horse halts before a poor cottage. He has his back to the 
spectator and appears to be asking his way of a boy who stands to the left, 
hat in hand. Near him on the left are a horse at a manger and a man. 
Formerly ascribed to Pieter van Laer. 

Panel, 19 inches by 16 inches. 



344 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the collection of P. von Semeonoff, St. Petersburg, 1906 catalogue, 
No. 607. 

303*. A Horseman. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 4, 1706, No. 82. 

303^. A Horseman. 

Sale. Petronella de la Court, Amsterdam, October 19, 1907 (Hoet, 
i. 107), No. 47 (49 florins). 

303*:. A Horseman. A small picture. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September 17, 1727 (Hoet, i. 320), No. 9 (22 florins). 

303^. A Horseman with a Dog. 
5^ inches by 6 inches. 

In the collection of J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, 1752 
(Hoet, ii. 494). 

304. An Italian Peasant on Horseback. Near him goes a 
pilgrim ; behind him is a woman with a child and a dog. At the 
back a fine landscape. 

Panel, 12 inches by io inches. 

Sale. De Schrijvere, Bruges, June I, 1763 (Terw. 310), No. 4 (411 florins). 

304*7. A Traveller. Between high hills at sunrise. [Pendant to a 
dune landscape in the same sale (1096^).] 
Panel, 8 inches by io inches. 

Sale. Ph. van der Land, Amsterdam, May 22, 1776, No. 99 (20 florins 5, 
with pendant). 

305. A Traveller on Horseback. Sm. 1 59. He gives an alms to 
a pilgrim. 

Panel, 13 inches by 9^ inches. 

Sale. Nogaret, Paris, 1780 (520 francs). 

3050. A Cavalier on Horseback. A peasant salutes with cap in 
hand as he passes. In the foreground is a dog. 
Panel, 13^ inches by n inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, July 13, 1790, No. 127 (6 florins). 

305 />. A Cavalier on Horseback. 
4^ inches by 4 inches. 

Sale. Van Dijl, Amsterdam, January 10, 1814, No. 176 (2 florins). 

305^. A Peasant on Horseback. In a hilly landscape with a 
stream flowing through it. He is in the foreground on a light sandy 
bank, on which are a peasant, a dog, high trees, and a country house. 
Misty distance, and a fine blue sky. 

Panel, 8 inches by io inches. 

Sale. j. F. de Vinck de Wesel, Antwerp, August 16, 1814, No. 83 (48 
francs). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 345 

306. A Horseman. In the foreground, within a ruin near which is 
a stream. Near him are two women, children, and dogs. 

Canvas, 24 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. C. E. Vaillant and J. Sargenton, Amsterdam, April 19, 1830, No. 115 
(271 florins, Hertz). 

306*7. A Cavalier on Horseback. He converses with two men 
resting on the grass. 

Panel, 7^ inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. C. E. E. Baron Collet d'Escury, Leeuwarden, October 17, 1831, 
No. 47. 

306^. A Cavalier on Horseback. 

Panel, 9^ inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. J. F. Sigault and Ch. J. J. van Limbeck, Amsterdam, May 12, 1834, 
No. 299 (44 florins, Lamberts). 

307. A Woman with a Child on her Back conversing with a 
Cavalier. Sm. Suppl. 141. A sandy road winding between banks up a 
hill. On the top, a wounded cavalier halts to speak to a woman with a 
child on her back. Nearer the front a traveller rests on a tree-stump. 
On the other side a cottage roof is seen over a bank. " Painted in the 
artist's clear or silvery manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, 14^ inches by 13 inches. 

In the collection of Alexander Allen, Edinburgh, 1842 (Sm.). 

308. A Horseman with Dogs in Leash. Two bathers. 
Signed. 

In the collection of Thomas Baring, London, 1854 (Waagen, ii. 186). 

308.2. A Horseman. With other figures in a fine hilly landscape. 
Panel, 16 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 1 6, 1856, No. 8 1. 

309. A Man on a Grey Horse. With a woman and child. In 
front of them is a man with two dogs. To the left is a house covered 
with ivy. Reddish sky. 

In the collection of Earl Amherst, Knole Park, Sevenoaks, 1857 (Waagen, 
Suppl. 339). 

310. A Rider on a Grey Horse. With a woman, a child, and a 
dog. Murky sky. 

Signed j panel. 

In the collection of the Earl of Hardwicke, Wimpole, 1857 (Waagen, 
Suppl. 522). 

311. Identical with 313. 

311^. A Traveller on Horseback. 

Sale. Antwerp, January 23, 1871, No. 51. 

312. A HORSEMAN WITH A DOG. He sits on a fine black 



346 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

horse, in relief against the sky. Characteristic but much repainted back- 
ground. An early and very unusual example, therefore ascribed in the sale 
catalogue to Cuyp. (Communicated by A. Bredius.) 

Sale. George Smith, London, May 8, 1901, No. 342. 

312* A Rider on a Grey Horse. 

Panel, 6 inches by 3^ inches. 

Sale. Donaldson and others, London, July 6, 1901, No. 97. 

313. ADJUSTING THE STIRRUP. On the road in front, a 

gentleman on a grey horse halts, in profile to the right. A peasant adjusts 
his stirrup. To the right a woman in red is going away ; she faces the 
spectator and turns her head to the left towards the rider. She carries a 
little girl on her right arm, and leads a little boy who holds a toy windmill 
in his left hand. Between the peasant and the woman is a dog. The 
road, as it goes back, rises towards a building like a castle on a hill in the 
middle distance. A fine early work, in a brownish tone. [Pendant to 

3 OI J- 

Signed on the left with a monogram, " Ph. W. F," which is not above 

suspicion ; panel, 12 inches by 9 inches. 

Mentioned by Parthey (ii. 807-808). 

Sales. Count Schonborn of Pommersfelden, Paris, May 17, 1867, No. 137 

(7500 francs). 

Etienne Le Roy, Brussels, April 27, 1903, No. 106. 
In the possession of the Amsterdam dealers Fred. Mtlller and Co., 1903. 

3130. A Horseman and Figures. 

9! inches by u inches. 

Sale. Henry Willett and others, London, April 10, 1905, No. 96. 

313^. A Horseman and Peasants. A woman by a river-bank. 
Panel, 16 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Frederick Bower, London, February 12, 1906, No. 115. 

314. Two Horsemen halting before a Tent. One rider sits on 
a grey horse j the other, dismounted, leans against his brown horse. Near 
the tent are three women. Farther away are a dog, two children, and 
ducks. At the back a traveller is resting. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of General von Schubert, Berlin. 

315. TWO HORSEMEN. In the right foreground stands a grey 
horse with a blue saddle, facing left. Behind him is a peasant in brown. 
Another peasant in a greyish-yellow jacket sits on a horse to the left 
behind a mound ; he is seen from the back in a three-quarter view. To 
his right is a black dog. In the centre, farther back, is another peasant in 
a red jacket and grey breeches. In the distance to the right is a shepherd 
with sheep. Sky with dark clouds. [Pendant to 591, also at Hamburg.] 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 8 inches by 7 
inches. 

In the Hamburg Kunsthalle ; E. Harzen bequest, 1887 catalogue, No. 208. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 347 

316. TRAVELLERS HALTING ON THE ROAD (or, A 
Sportsman on Horseback). Sm. Suppl. 175. In the centre fore- 
ground is a man in a red cloak on a grey horse, in profile to the right. 
In front of the horse, to the right, a man in a dark-green coat sits with his 
back to the spectator on some fallen tree-trunks. Near him stands another 
man in breeches, carrying bagpipes and leaning on a long staff. In the 
centre, farther back, is a pack-mule with its driver. To the left of the 
grey is another horse, seen from the back, with its rider at its side ; near 
him is a little boy in a dark-green coat. In the distance is a hilly land- 
scape. A very fine example of the transition period. 

Signed with the full monogram j panel, 16 inches by 22 inches. 

In the collection of C. Sillem, Hamburg, 1842 (Sm.). 

In the collection of J. Amsinck, Hamburg. 

In the Hamburg Kunsthalle, Amsinck bequest, 1879 ; 1887 catalogue, No. 210. 

317. TWO HORSES AND TRAVELLERS RESTING. 

Sm. 232. On the right is a stream falling in a cascade to the front. At 
the foot of tw'o withered trees, nearly in the centre, a man rests on the 
ground. Behind him, another man stoops to give a pail of water to a grey 
horse, standing in profile to the right. Farther back, a third man sits on 
horseback, facing the spectator. Beyond are two trees and a cottage on a 
hill. In the left distance is a landscape under a stormy sky. According 
to the catalogue, this is an early work, showing by its depth of colouring 
that it was painted under the influence of Isack van Ostade. 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 17 inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1815. 

Sale. Noel Desenfans, London, 1802 (priced at ^210). 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 97. 

318. A COUNTRYMAN AND A WOMAN ON HORSE- 
BACK, WITH A GREY HORSE. A man and a woman riding a 
brown horse lead a grey horse with a red saddle away into the distance. 

In the collection of Baron Alphonse de Rothschild, Paris. 

319. TWO HORSEMEN NEAR A CLUMP OF 
TREES. One rider sits on a brown horse which stretches out 
its head towards the leaves. The other rider has dismounted from his 
light-bay horse to adjust his spurs. Near him lies a big hunting-dog. 
The figures are full of colour and stand out in strong relief against the 
sky. An early work. 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, 14^ inches by n inches. 

In the collection of Le Roy d'Etiolles. 

In the collection of Cardinal Fesch, Rome. 

In the collection of Adolphe Schloss, Paris. 

320. HALT BY THE WAY. A grey horse, a huntsman in red, 
a rider on a brown horse, and a dog on a hill. To the left are trees. A 
very dark cloud in the sky. A work of the early period that is unusually 
rich in colour. 

Panel, 24 \ inches by igf inches. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond, Surrey, No. 219. 



348 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

3200. Two Horsemen halting. In a hilly landscape, a horseman 
halts under a tree at the side. Near him are another horse, and a man 
pulling up his boots. A dog lies on the road. In the distance are hills. 

Panel, 14 inches by 1 1 inches. 

Sale. Lambert ten Kate, Amsterdam, May 29, 1776, No. 144 (120 florins, 
J. Yver). 

321. Two Cavaliers halting on the Road. Sm. 146. One 
has dismounted. They are accompanied by attendants with dogs coupled. 

Panel, n| inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Dulac, Paris, November 30, 1778 (1002 francs). 

322. TWO HORSES. A young man on a black horse leads by 
the bridle another horse which kicks out behind. Near him is a little dog. 
In the distance are stags. 

Panel, 8 inches by 6 inches. 

Sales. Antony Sijdervelt, Amsterdam, April 23, 1766 (Trw. 510), No. 6 

(75 florins). 

Jonas Witsen, Amsterdam, August 16, 1790, No. 83 (70 florins, 
Wubbels). 

323. Travellers halting on the Road. A peasant boy holds a 
saddled grey horse by the bridle. At one side is a cavalier on a brown 
horse. Near him stands a well-dressed lady. In the left foreground sits a 
woman with two children feeding some hens. Farther away is a peasant 
resting. At a stream to the right a traveller leads his horse into the 
water where people are bathing. In the distance are buildings. 

Panel, i6 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 14, 1791 (No. 165). 

324. Two Horsemen halting on the Road. Sm. 196. In the 
foreground of a landscape are two cavaliers. One has dismounted from 
his white horse, which has a red velvet saddle ; he adjusts his stirrups 
while his companion sits on his horse, waiting. At one side sits a woman 
with a child in her arms. Near her is a man. 

Panel, n inches by \i\ inches. 

Sales. Marquise d'Albert, Paris, August 1 1, 1788 (2350 francs). 
Coders, Paris, February 9, 1789 (3701 francs). 
Claude Tolozan, Paris, February 23, 1801 (2201 francs). 

325. Identical with 933. 

325*. A Man on a Grey Horse leading a Brown Horse. 

Some people rest in the foreground. 
Canvas, 20 inches by i"j\ inches. 

Sale. Widow of J. P. van Oosthuijse van Rijsenburg, nee M. de Jongh, 
The Hague, October 18, 1847, No. 109. 

325^. Two Horsemen resting. One sits on a grey horse to the 
right. The other has dismounted to look after two dogs. [Pendant to 
347^.] Bredius says that these two pictures are not genuine. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 349 

Panel, 8 inches by n inches. 

Sale. Henry Doetsch, London, June 22, 1895, No. 387 pendant to No. 
386 in catalogue. 

325*-. Two Horsemen. Horses and a dog at a well. 
Panel, I2| inches by 14! inches. 

Sale. Burrell, London, June 12, 1897, No. 81. 

325^. Two Horsemen. On the right a man in a buff coat and 
broad-brimmed hat sits on a grey horse in profile to the left. He turns 
from the spectator towards a peasant woman, who stands behind the horse 
to the left. In the centre foreground his companion kneels in profile to 
the left to tie his shoe. His horse, seen from the back, is held by a man 
on the left. Near him are a boy and a greyhound. Another dog lies in 
the right foreground. Behind the figures is a high wooded hill. 

Signed on the right at foot, "P. W." (?) ; canvas, 12 inches by 13 
inches. 

Sale. J. L. Menke, Brussels, June I, 1904, No. 91. 

326. TWO HORSEMEN HALTING. Two horsemen on a 
hill to the left, near a cracked and broken willow. One has dismounted 
and tied his grey, which stands in the centre foreground facing right, to 
a branch of the willow. The other man, with his back to the spectator, 
sits to the left on his brown horse. On the left a range of grassy hills 
recedes into the distance ; to the right is a broad plain. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram j panel, 14 inches by 
1 6 inches. 

In the collection of Consul Harzoger, Amsterdam. 

Sales. W. Lowenfeld, of Munich, Berlin, February 6, 1906, No. 96. 

Jos. Monchen and others, Amsterdam, April 30, 1907, No. 200 
(1550 florins). 

327. Two Horsemen halting. Sm. 494. In the foreground of a 
picturesque landscape are two horsemen. One has dismounted to adjust 
his stirrups. The other converses with a traveller standing against a tree- 
trunk near an old shed, in front of which sits a woman with a child beside 
her. A dog and three fowls complete the group. 

Described by Sm. from an engraving by J. Visscher. 

328. A LADY AND GENTLEMAN ON HORSEBACK. 

Sm. Suppl. 113. The landscape is intersected by a river crossed at a 
narrow part by a rustic bridge. To the left is a broken sandy hill with 
a clump of trees on the top, near which passes a road. Another road 
winds along the river-bank towards a cottage, beyond which are cornfields. 
A lady and gentleman ride along the road to the front followed by two 
dogs. A beggar approaches them from the left ; his wife with a child in 
her arms sits at the roadside. Very delicate in tone. "Painted in the 
artist's third manner, and of a clear pearly tone of colouring" (Sm.). 

Panel, i6 inches by I2|- inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 109). 



350 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the collection of Lord Ashburton, The Grange, 1 842 (Sm.) ; sold with 
the collection, August 1907, to Messrs. Agnew and others. 

In the possession of the London dealers Messrs. Thomas Agnew and Sons, 
January 1908. 

329. A LADY AND GENTLEMAN HALTING ON THE 

ROAD. A lady on a cream-coloured horse, with her back to the 
spectator, and a cavalier in a blue doublet, leading his grey horse by the 
bridle, halt on a road following the bank of a river to the right. Near 
them lie two dogs. In the reeds to the left a sportsman is standing. 
From the right comes an angler with rod on shoulder. At the roadside 
a woman nurses her child. Near her sits another woman with two 
children under a tree. An early work. The grey horse with white and 
brown spots has been much repainted. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, \i\ inches 
by i6| inches. 

In the collection of Count Brlihl, Dresden. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1014. 

329*7. A Lady on Horseback. 

i6| inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Cornelis Wittert van Valkenburg, Rotterdam, April II, 1731 (Hoet, 
i. 369), No. 43 (66 florins). 

330. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. Sm. 149. The 
lady is in yellow. A woman begs from the gentleman. Near them are a 
sailor and a boy with a horse. On the right are houses, a boat, and two 
bathers. Two trees in the landscape. [Probably identical with 337.] 

Panel, u inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. Re*mont, Paris, July 6, 1778 (1501 francs). 

3300. A Lady on Horseback galloping. She wears a pictur- 
esque male costume. She wears no hat, but a veil which flutters in the 
wind. The horse is a bay with a white mane. Near her runs a negro 
carrying a big sunshade. 

Signed ; panel, 12 inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 4, 1785, No. 156 (13 florins, Martins). 

331. A Lady on a White Horse. Sm. 195. She is accompanied 
by a huntsman and a boy leading a pack-horse through a river. On the 
bank sits a woman with a child. 

Canvas, 15 inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. Marquise d'Albert, Paris, August n, 1788 (2301 francs). 
Marin, Paris, March 22, 1790 (1851 francs). 

3310. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. A saddled grey 
horse stands near a tree-trunk in a landscape. Farther away are a cavalier 
and a lady on horseback. In the foreground lies some game. 

Panel, 14 inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. J. A. Versijden van Varick, Leyden, October 29, 1791, No. 81 
(17 florins 10). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 351 

332. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. Sm. 145. A 
man on foot, with a dog. [Pendant to 604.] 

Panel, 9 inches by 6| inches. 

Sales. Prince de Conti, Paris, April 8, 1777 (1260 francs, with pendant). 
Destouches, Paris, March 21, 1794. 

332*7. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. In front of them 
is a beggar. They are on a road leading past a stream on the left up 
towards high ground ; three great trees stand by the road. In the middle 
distance is an inn ; beyond are high hills. 

Panel, 14 inches by 13 inches. 

Sales. Antony Sijdervelt, Amsterdam, April 23, 1766 (Terw. 509), No. 2 

(390 florins). 

(Probably) Fiseau (?), Amsterdam, August 30, 1797, No. 255 
(39 florins). 

332^. Ladies and Gentlemen on Horseback. In a landscape. 
Canvas, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 1812, No. 137 (7 florins, Nieuwenhuys). 

333. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback on a High 
Road. Sm. 259. To the left on a road leading past a marshy stream, 
are a cavalier and a lady on horseback, with two dogs. A beggar asks 
them for alms ; his wife sits with a child by the roadside, at a point where 
a footpath goes off under trees, and past a cornfield to the hills. To the 
right is open country with fields and farms, and a low range of hills in 
the distance. 

Panel, 14 inches by 12^ inches. 

A copy is in the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort-on-Main ; it is pro- 
bably not to be identified with the lost original which was in the Lapeyriere 
sale in the same year as the Frankfort picture was acquired with the collection 
of Dr. Grambs. 

Sales. P. de Smeth van Alphen, Amsterdam, August I, 1810, No. 125 

(600 florins, Texier). 

Le Brun, Paris, April 15, 1811 (1760 francs). 
Lapeyriere, Paris, April 14, 1817 (2610 francs). 

3330. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. Near a river in 
a hilly landscape. 

Panel, 18 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. PfeifFer and Dupree, Amsterdam, April 1 1, 1836, No. 153 (24 
florins 25, Roos). 

333^. A Lady on a Grey Horse. A man-servant holds the horse. 
Near it are two dogs, one standing and the other lying down. 
Panel, 9! inches by 8| inches. 

Sale. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 412. 

334. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback. A high road by 
a canal. A boy is harnessing a brown horse which is to tow a boat lying 
in front. A gentleman with a plumed hat and a bufF collar rides past, 



352 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

followed by a lady in yellow, from whom a boy is begging. Near them 
some men are bathing. The boy standing behind the towing-horse turns 
away his head and laughs roguishly at the lady's embarrassment. On the 
other side the road is lined with willows. Farther away are vessels near 
a village on the canal. [Possibly identical with 337 ?] 
Panel, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Freiherr C. von Mergenbaum, Frank fort-on-Main, July 13, 1846, 
No. 176. 

335. A Lady and Gentleman halting on the Road. In the 

foreground of a hilly landscape, a beggar receives an alms from a richly 
dressed lady in yellow on a grey horse. Near her is a brown horse j the 
rider has dismounted to couple two dogs. Farther away a woman runs 
with a child in her arms and another at her side. At the back is a hilly 
landscape with a river. 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, November 26, 1851, No. 20. 

335*7. A Lady and Gentleman on Horseback at a Well. 

In the collection of Henry Labouchere, London, 1854 (Waagen, ii. 422). 

335*. A Lady and Gentleman halting at a Fountain. They 
are watering their horses. A mounted groom waits for the order to start. 
Sale. Bertrand, Paris, November 13, 1855, No. 185. 

336. A Lady and Gentleman halting on a Road. Sm. Suppl. 
124. In a sandy landscape is a tree with scanty foliage to the left. A 
gentleman in a blue coat, brown breeches, and grey stockings, has just 
dismounted from his grey horse and leads it by the bridle ; he has thrown 
his red cloak on the horse's back. On the right, with her back to the 
spectator, a lady in pink silk sits on a chestnut horse with a white tail. 
In front of the man are two dogs. A peasant goes to the left carrying a 
bundle on a stick over his shoulder. A woman sits with a child in her 
arms, and another child lying near her. To the right, a man-servant 
comes down the road. Cloudy sky. " Painted in the artist's third 
manner" (Sm.). [Pendant to 677*7.] 

Panel, io inches by n inches. 

Sales. Amsterdam, July 17, 1775, No. I pendant to No. 2. 

G. Th. A. M. Baron van Brienen van de Grootelindt, Paris, May 8, 
1865, No. 49 (25,000 francs) ; it was in his collection at Amster- 
dam, 1842 (Sm.). 

336*7. A Lady on Horseback and a Cavalier with Dogs on 
a Road. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 12^ inches. 

Safe. Lucy Copeman and others, London, June 13, 1898, No. 59. 

337. A LADY AND GENTLEMAN ON HORSEBACK.- 

Sm. 479. On the left is the bow of a boat with a man and boy on board. 
Near them are a man with a bag on his back, and in front, close to him, a 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 353 

brown horse which a boy is harnessing to the tow-rope of the boat. A 
cavalier and a lady in yellow on a brown horse approach from the right. 
A beggar boy runs after them, holding out his hat. Two boys are about 
to bathe. There are two boats on the canal, and buildings on the farther 
bank. " A clear and excellent picture " (Sm.). [Possibly identical with 
334, and almost certainly identical with 330.] 
Panel, 12^ inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1889, No. 71. 

Bought by Emmerson from D. de Vries, 1825 (2900 florins). 

In the collection of the King of Bavaria, 1829 (Sm.). 

Sale. Massey Mainwaring, London, March 16, 1907, No. 35. 

In the collection of L. Koppel, Berlin. 

32jaa. A Lady and Gentleman riding. An officer wearing a 
hat with a blue feather is on a grey horse, with a lady on a roan horse. 
They have an armed escort. 

Signed on the left with the monogram ; panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. P. M(ersch), Paris, May 8, 1908, No. 77. 

337#. A Party of Travellers. 

12 j inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Fra^ois van Hessel, Amsterdam, April 11, 1747 (Hoet, ii. 192), 
No. 2 (182 florins). 

338. Travellers on the Road. In the foreground is a horseman ; a 
beggar asks him for an alms. Farther away are a cavalier beside his grey 
horse, a peasant on horseback, some travellers and clergymen. In the dis- 
tance are cornfields with labourers, some of whom are resting, while others 
are loading a waggon. Mills and mountains. 

Canvas, 15 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. P. Locquet, Amsterdam, September 22, 1783, No. 424 (205 florins, 
Fouquet). 

339. Travellers on the Road. On a sandy hill are two horse- 
men ; a third man is watering his horse. Two dogs. 

Panel, 17 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 1 6, 1797, No. 305. 

340. Travellers in a River Landscape. Sm. 90. On the right 
is a rugged hill with a house on top and a high road at its side, along 
which a loaded cart is being drawn by two horses. The driver lets the 
front horse drink at a river. Near it is a woman with a bundle on her head 
and a boy at her side. A cavalier rides after a lady on horseback up the 
hill. A boy wades through the water. Near him two men are pulling in 
nets. There is a boy in a boat. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 26 inches. 

Engraved by Ozanne, and etched by Le Bas. 

Not in the Lormier sale, as Sm. states. 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 281 (1650 

florins, Ph. van der Schley). 
In the collection of Count Briihl, Dresden (Sm.). 
VOL. II 2 A 



354 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

341. Travellers. With horsemen, beggars, and children. 

Sale. Beckford, Fonthill Abbey, Bath, 1823 (78 : 155., Emmerson). 

342. A Large Dune Landscape with Trees. Cavaliers on horse- 
back, a loaded waggon, sportsmen resting, peasants and other accessories. 
A fine distance. 

Canvas, 78 inches by 29^- inches. 

Sale. Enkhuizen, August 10, 1825, No. 94 (315 florins, Brondgeest). 

343. Travellers on Horseback and on Foot. They hasten up 
a mountain road, while some water their horses at a well. 

Canvas, about 26 inches by 13^ inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 95 
(1000 florins). 

344. A Grey Horse and a Waggon. With men taking down a 
tent. 

Sale. G. T. Braine, London, 1857 (215 : 55., Gritten). 

345. Travellers. Near a lake are a lady and gentleman. Horses 
watering, washerwomen, and a sheep. 

Sale. F. Leicester, London, May 1860 (^151, Nieuwenhuys). 

346. A Group of Saddled Horses. A cavalier invites a lady to 
enter a boat. 

In the Rinecker collection, Wtlrzburg, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

347. The Travellers. 

Sale. Earl of Clare, London, 1864 (126 : 155., Nieuwenhuys). 

347*. Carts on a Steep Hill. [Pendant to 67.] 
Signed ; canvas, 17 inches by 14^ inches. 

In the collection of Anton Jaeger. 

Sale. Count Cajetan Brunetti, Vienna, January 12, 1871, No. 127 
pendant to No. 128. 

347^. Three Horsemen. On the left a rider sits on a grey horse. 
On the right are two other riders. Bredius thinks that it is not genuine. 
[Pendant to 325^.] 

Panel, 8 inches by u inches. 

Sale. Henry Doetsch, London, June 22, 1895, No. 386 pendant to No. 
387. 

347<r. Figures on a Road. 
Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

Sales. London, December 3, 1904, No. 86. 

(Possibly) London, January 30, 1905, No. 81 "Horsemen and 
Figures on a Road," of the same size. 

347</. Horsemen and Figures on a Road. 

u inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Mrs. Yeats Edwards and others, London, March 4, 1907, No. in. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 355 

348. THE COACH IN THE HILLS. To the right on a road 
round a hill comes a coach with four grey horses. On the same side, 
but higher up, two herdsmen are grazing their cattle on a plateau, near 
two trees with scanty foliage. To the left is a castle in the middle of 
the valley, under a grey sky. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 16 inches by 
17 inches. 

Sale. C. Sedelmeyer, Paris, May 25, 1907, No. 214 (2150 francs). 

349. THE FORD. In the left foreground is a shallow stream. 
A man in a red cloak on a grey horse rides through it, across patches 
of dry ground, away into the distance. To the right a woman comes 
wading through the water. To the right is a sandy road, with a leafless 
tree and a humble cottage at the side of it, farther back. In the centre 
are two anglers on the river-bank. These figures and the whole fore- 
ground are relieved as dark silhouettes against the sand-hill behind, which 
is brightly illumined by sunshine. To the left of it are bushes. To the 
right, a road winds round it ; on the road are a man on foot, a woman, 
and a dog. In the left distance is a broad landscape. There are fine 
thunder-clouds in the sky. Two fishing-boats are on the river in the 
left middle distance. 

Signed on the left at foot with the early monogram ; canvas, 22^- inches 
by 28^ inches. 

In the collection of Clement Duval, Paris. 

Sale. Thirion, Paris, June 10, 1907, No. 26. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

In the collection of A. de Ridder, Cronberg, near Frankfort-on-Main. 

350. THE WOODEN BRIDGE OVER THE WATER- 
FALL (or, Travellers ; a Woman wading through a Stream). To 

the left, on the edge of a waterfall, which a boy and a woman with a child on 
her back have just crossed, a waggon with four horses has halted. On the 
bridge over the stream are a countrywoman and a young man with two dogs. 
To the right, near a well, are travellers seated, a horseman and a horse. A 
woman on a mule and a peasant come down the road, up which a country- 
man is riding. In the distance is a cottage amidst trees. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 23 inches by 27 inches. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1903 catalogue, No. 2622. 

351. A WOMAN FORDING A STREAM. Sm. 335 and 

Suppl. 137 ; M. 7. In a hilly landscape, a wooden bridge crosses a stream 
which flows between rocks and forms several waterfalls. On the bridge is 
a peasant. Another man sits to the right on the edge of the bridge, 
with his feet dangling ; he looks down to where a woman with her child 
on her back has descended some steps in the rock and is about to ford the 
stream. A child and a dog follow her. To the right two anglers sit on 
the bank. In the distance is a stone bridge with two arches, protected by 
a round tower. In spite of the full monogram, this is a very early work. 
Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram j panel, 14 inches 
by 17 inches. 



356 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Engraved by Moyreau, 1737, as " Le Passage de 1'Eau " ; and by A. 
Tischler, in the BrQhl collection. 

In the Hallee collection, Paris, 1737. 

Sale. Cressent, Paris, January 15, 1749. 

In the collection of Count Bruhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1042 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm., who valued it at .84). 

352. A Loaded Waggon crossing a Stream. See Sm. 34. With 
women and children. [Compare note to 1000.] 

i8| inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. Jaques Meyers, Rotterdam, September 9, 1722 (Hoet, i. 276), No. 
105 (305 florins). 

352/7. Travellers and Horses crossing a Stream. Near them 
are some women. 

15 inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of Mile, van Bleiswijk of Delft, who sold it to Van 
Reuver, 1725 (for 115 florins). 

In the collection of Van Reuver of Delft, who sold it on April 7, 1734 (for 
125 florins). 

353. Landscape ; a Man riding through a Stream. A man in 

a red cloak rides a grey horse through a stream. A cottage stands on a 
hill. A man stays a child from crossing the stream. 
Canvas, 2i inches by 25^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite", ii. 53. 
Sale. Marquis de Menars, Paris, February 1782 (Rubis). 

354. The Ford, (or, The Gipsy Woman). Sm. 198. A land- 
scape with a river winding through it. In the foreground a woman with 
a child on her back and another at her side is fording the stream. Beyond 
them are a horseman, a fortune-teller, and three other figures. A fine 
white horse and various accessories. [Compare 931.] 

Sales. Lollier, Paris, April 6, 1789 (3302 francs). 
Wattier, Paris, 1797 (3000 francs). 

354/7. Figures, a Horse and Sheep by a River. It intersects a 
broad hilly landscape. 

Panel, 9 inches by n inches. 

Sale. H. Muilman, Amsterdam, April 12, 1813, No. 186. 

355. A Sandy Landscape with a Ford. Sm. 270. A view over 
a hilly country with barren sandy soil. To the right is a cottage. To 
the left is a plain, with a marsh and a river, through a shallow part of 
which a cart with peasants in it and men on foot are passing. 

About 23 inches by 29 inches. 

It is said to have been in P. de Smeth van Alphen's collection, as a pendant 
to " The Hay Harvest," now at Buckingham Palace (940). But the picture 
was apparently not in the sale of that collection, 1810. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



357 



An engraving by Chedel called " Chemin dans 1'Eau " corresponds to the 
description of this picture, formerly called " Les Sablons de la Westphalie." 
Sale. London, 1813 (^570). 

356. The Ford. In the foreground of a landscape are three horses. 
A man holding his hat sits on one of them. Another horseman comes 
down a bank to a river, in which stand some sheep. On the farther bank 
is a high hill with a castle on it. [Compare 465.] 

Panel, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. L. Th. de Vogel, Amsterdam, October 20, 1794, No. 4. 

P. J. Hogguer, Amsterdam, August 18, 1817, No. 106 (1600 florins, 
Coders). 

357. Landscape. Sm. 462. With a stream through which a 
cavalier and a lady are passing. 

Sale. John Webb, London, 1821 (105). 

358. Travellers; a Woman wading through a Stream. Sm. 
96. Over a hill to the left leads a broad rough road, on which are a cart 
with a woman and child in it drawn by a horse. Beside the cart are two 
men on foot. Behind it are a horseman and another man on foot. These 
are all descending the hill. Farther right a mounted cavalier rides up the 
hill, on the top of which, in the centre, are a cottage and a clump of trees. 
On the right is a stream, through which pass a woman with a child on 
her back and a man on a grey pack-horse. A boy gathers rushes. There 
are three or four dogs. "A broad and masterly painted picture full of 
effect "(Sm.). 

Canvas, 20 inches by 24 inches. 

In the collection of Jeremiah Harman. 

Sale. T. Emmerson, London, 1829 (^305 : IDS.). 

359. Travellers passing a Ford. Sm. 386. A broad river fills 
most of the picture. Its banks, to the left, are shaded with trees. On 
the right a horseman and a man leading a horse are crossing a ford, followed 
by a woman with a child, in mid-stream, and two dogs. On the farther 
bank to the left a man with a pack on his back is about to enter the 
water ; he is closely followed by another man. " This little picture is 
remarkable for its clearness and the singular effect of the reflection of the 
clouds on the water " (Sm.). 

ii inches by 13 inches. 

Engraved by Basan ; and by Pelletier when in the Giraudin collection. 
In the Giraudin collection, Paris. 

In the collection of M. d'Arrois, Strassburg, 1829 (Sm., who valued it 
at 210). 

360. Landscape with a Ford. Figures on a ruinous bridge. A 
horseman in red passes a ford. [A duplicate of, or identical with, 1043.] 

Engraved. 

Sale. Farrer, London, 1858 (158 : us., Nieuwenhuys). 

361. Landscape with Horsemen and Peasants passing a Ford. 
Two anglers. 

Sale. London, 1859 (115 : IOS -> Farrer). 



358 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

361*7. Peasants travelling approach a Ford. With a waggon, 
horses, and dogs. Trees to the centre and houses to the right. 
15 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. De Falbe, London, May 19, 1900, No. 143. 

362. TRAVELLERS WAITING FOR THE FERRY. In 

the centre foreground travellers wait on the bank of an Italian lake for 
the ferry-boat, which a man is rowing to the shore. Among them are a 
gentleman in a red cloak on a chestnut horse, seen from the back, a boy 
on a grey horse loaded with a tub and packages, two Capuchin friars, some 
peasants, and a herdsman with cows and sheep. Behind the group is a 
rocky cavern. On the road leading from this to the bank come a horse 
and waggon and some persons on foot. In the distance are mountains 
and a castle. This is an example of the early period. The landscape is 
almost the same as in 88, also at the Hermitage. 
Canvas, 26 inches by 32 inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1016. 

363. The Ferry. People with horses, cows, and sheep wait to cross. 
A very fine picture. 

Dated 1659. 

Sale. Amsterdam, August 9, 1739 (Hoet, i. 596), No. 4 (160 florins). 

3630. At a Ferry. Figures and horses wait on the bank. 
o inches by n inches. 

Sale. Hendrik van der Vugt, Amsterdam, April 27, 1745 (Hoet, ii. 159), 
No. 39 (30 florins). 

364. The Ferry-Boat A hilly country with a river. On the right 
bank is a group of four persons, one of whom has a child, with a grey and 
a bay horse. They wait for the return of a boat with passengers and 
cattle which has just reached the opposite bank. Beyond are two figures 
on a road beside a hill. " An early production " (Sm.). 

Panel, about 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. T. Jones, London, 1837 (65 : 25.). 

365. The Ferry. At the foot of a rocky hill to the left is a river 
with a ferry-boat. On a tongue of land to the right are several figures 
with a bay and a grey horse. At the water's edge a dog barks at the 
ferry-boat laden with passengers, near which are two bathers. Three 
figures ascend a path on the hill. The right-hand group includes a 
kneeling woman who points out the horses to her child. The horseman 
bends down to the child, while the father stands behind with another child 
and looks on. Farther away a peasant lies on the ground. Cloudy sky. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sales. Vanderbelen, Brussels, 1840. 

J. J. Chapuis, Brussels, December 4, 1865, No. 429. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of Jules Porges, Paris. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 359 

366. THE COLLISION. Sm. 430. To the right of a hilly 
landscape, at the foot of a tree-clad slope on which herdsmen are resting, 
a rider galloping from the left on a spirited piebald horse has frightened 
the horses of a country waggon containing two women, each with a child 
in her arms. In the centre a lady in yellow on a bay horse has halted. 
A woman with a milk-can and a peasant with a basket of eggs have both 
fallen down in trying to get out of the waggon. At the lady's side a 
beggar with a wooden leg asks for alms. In the left middle distance is a 
coach and four. In the left foreground is a river. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; canvas, 22 
inches by 31 inches. 

Engraved by Le Bas, when in the De Piles collection, Paris, 1739, as "Le 
Pot au Lait." 

A copy measuring 26 inches by 30 inches is in the possession of a Paris 
dealer. 

Another copy, ascribed to Pieter Wouwerman, is in the Karlsruhe Kunst- 
halle, 1894 catalogue, No. 323, measuring 28 inches by 34 inches ; mentioned 
as an original of Philips W. by Parthey (ii. 804). 

A third copy, on canvas, measuring 24 inches by 30 inches, was in the 
sale J. Bernard, Amsterdam, November 24, 1834, No. 172. 

It was acquired by Dresden through Rigaud from the De Piles collection, 
Paris, according to Hilbner. 

In Guarienti's inventory of the Dresden pictures (before 1753), No. 1695. 

In the Dresden Gallery, catalogue 1905, No. 1443. 

366*7. Travellers meeting. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 83 
(30 florins). 

366^. Some Ladies and Gentlemen riding round a Milkmaid 
with a Barrow. [Pendant to 443*.] 

Sale. B. Cronenburg and others, Amsterdam, March 22, 1762, No. 35 
(65 florins, with pendant, De Leth). 

367. The Waggon stuck fast. Sm. 119. Several baggage- 
waggons pass along a road broken by a chasm near the sea. In the left 
foreground one has sunk in a hole in the road ; the driver tries to extricate 
it. [Identical with 368. Pendant to 602.] 

Panel, 14^ inches by 17^ inches, or the reverse. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 337-8, and ii. 472. 
Sale. Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737. 
In the Mansard collection, Paris. 

Sales. Blondel de Gagny, December 10, 1776, No. 113 (6005 francs, with 
pendant). 

Destouches, Paris, March 21, 1794 (without pendant). 

Tolozan, Paris, 1801. 

Marquis de Montcalm, Paris, May 4, 1849 G34 : Ios " Ellis 
according to Art Sales') ; or Paris, March 25, 1850 (8250 francs). 

London, 1856 (^357, Pennell). 

368. Identical with 367. 



360 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

369. The Shying Horse. A train of baggage-waggons goes along 
a road intersected by a river. To the right is a farm. A loaded waggon 
with four horses goes slowly up the hill. The two front horses have 
reached the summit, while the two others, led by the driver, exert all their 
strength. At the foot of the road a horse refuses to cross the ford, to the 
great alarm of a woman in the waggon, and in spite of the driver who 
pulls the horse by the bridle and lashes it with his whip. The farmer 
looks on ; a woman with a child at her breast sits at the roadside conversing 
with a man carrying a bundle. To the left is a landscape. [Compare 

367-] 

Sale. Prince Demidoff, San Donate, March 15, 1880, No. 1104. 

370. THREE HORSEMEN HALTING AT A WELL. At 

a stone well near a cottage on a hill, three horsemen draw rein to let their 
horses take breath. One man has dismounted to give his grey horse a 
pail of water to drink. The two others sit on their horses, respectively a 
bay and a dun-coloured. There are two dogs. In the right distance is a 
view of the sea. Two half-naked bathers sit on the edge of the bank. 
Brown in tone ; the figures are strongly relieved against the light. This 
dates from about the same time as the early picture in the Mauritshuis at 
the Hague (654). Compare also the other Antwerp picture (208). 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 17^ inches 
by 15 inches. 

Sale. D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 144 

(1600 francs, Le Grel for the Antwerp Museum). 
In the Antwerp Museum, 1905 catalogue, No. 500. 

371. TRAVELLERS WITH A LOADED WAGGON 
RESTING NEAR A WATERFALL. Sm. 8 ; M. 14. In the 
left middle distance are buildings on a rock. In front of these is a wooden 
bridge over a foaming torrent which forms a waterfall towards the fore- 
ground. To the right is a view over a hilly landscape. In the centre 
foreground halts a large loaded waggon with five horses, the foremost of 
which is grazing. To the right are pack-mules and men resting with 
women, children, and dogs on the road. [Pendant to 626.] 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; copper, 12 inches 
by 15 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trlsor de la Curiositi, i. 7, 61 ; and by 
Parthey (ii. 808). 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 14, as "La Cascade." 
According to Sm. 

Sales. Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737, No. 72 (1400 

francs, with pendant). 

De Tugny et Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (1860 francs, Stoltz). 
But according to the Dresden catalogue 

Bought from the collection of the Comtesse de Verrue, through Le Leu, 

for Dresden, 1749. 
In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1444. 

372. TRAVELLERS IN A LANDSCAPE. Along a range of 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 361 

hills. The foremost travellers rest on the left beside a fountain, on which 
three stone female figures with trumpets and other instruments stand on a 
globe. The most prominent figures are those of a man in dark blue on a 
grey horse with his back to the spectator, and of another man in a yellow 
jacket and red breeches on a brown horse which is drinking. An early 
picture of brownish tone. 

A scratchy signature towards the left ; canvas (probably transferred 
from panel), 27! inches by 32^ inches. 

In the possession of the London dealers P. and D. Colnaghi and Co., 
March 1908. 

373. Horsemen halting. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 20 inches. 

In the Lyons Museum, 1903 catalogue, No. 201 ; given by Jacques 
Bernard, 1875. 

374. LANDSCAPE WITH HORSEMEN. They rest at the 
foot of a tower. 

Signed, P. W. ; canvas, II inches by 14 inches. 

Exhibited at Mainz, 1887, No. 296. 

In the collection of the late St. C. Michel, Mainz. 

375. HpRSEMEN APPROACHING A RIVER. Sm. 307. 
Three cavaliers are in the foreground, to the left of the centre. One has 
dismounted to tie up his boot. To the right, in front of them, two dogs 
run towards the river. Farther back a man leads from the water a horse 
which draws a net on shore. To the left of the horse are a peasant and a 
woman seated. Still farther back are two fishermen in a boat. From the 
extreme left of the middle distance come two other horsemen. A beggar 
asks the man in front for an alms. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Lithographed by Akeman Allesson, 1820, from a picture then in the 
collection of Count Rechberg, Vienna (Sm.). 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 89 

(700 florins) ; it had come from the collection of Queen Isabella 

of Spain, according to the sale catalogue. 
In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 513. 

376. TRAVELLING MERCHANTS HALTING ON THE 

ROAD. Sm. 354 and Suppl. 156; M. 60. Three travellers halt on a 
road which leads past a ruined house on the left. There are a woman on 
a white horse, in profile to the right, with a basket of goods fastened to 
the saddle ; a man on a brown horse, to the right, facing the spectator ; 
and another man who has dismounted and stands with his back to the 
spectator and holding a stick, beside his horse to the right in front of the 
others. This man converses with a woman seated by the roadside to the 
right, with a child on her lap. To the left of her, farther back, stands a 
boy ; in front of her is a black dog. Still nearer the front a white dog 
drinks from a puddle. An early picture in spite of the full monogram. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 16 inches 
by 19^ inches. 



362 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 60, as " Les Marchands Forains," in 1748. 
In the collection of Count Brtthl, 1748. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1002 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.). 

377. Travellers halting on the Bank of a River. Sm. Suppl. 
13. Some persons are bathing in the river j others are watering their 
horses or angling. On the right a man fastens a bundle on a horse, which 
a beggar holds by the bridle. Near him a man and a woman sit on the 
ground ; another man leans asleep against a bank. In the middle distance 
is a wooded hill, with a pass on which are other figures. On the top of 
the hill a herdsman tends an ox and a sheep. 

Many passages in this picture look very suspicious, as, for example, the 
way in which the hills to the left are rendered against the sky, and the 
grey horse in the centre. Probably it is an old copy or a weak original. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; canvas, 25 inches 
by 28 inches. 

From the Baudouin collection, Paris. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1009. 

378. AT THE TOLLGATE. To the left is a river valley ; on 
the lofty right bank of the river are horsemen and waggons, a half-withered 
tree, and other objects. 

Signed on the left with the full monogram ; canvas, 20 inches by 26 
inches. 

Sale. Perkins, London (Bode for the Strassburg Gallery). 
In the Strassburg Gallery, 1899 catalogue, No. 148. 

379. TRAVELLERS RESTING. To the right of two trees in 
the centre, travellers have alighted from a coach. Nearer the front, in the 
middle, is a saddled grey horse which kicks out behind j a frightened 
boy runs away. To the right of the grey a horseman gallops forward. 
To the left is a stream, in which a rider waters two horses in the centre, 
while farther off children are bathing. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 18 inches by 23 inches. 

Sales. Benjamin Reges and others, Frankfort-on-Main, November 27, 

1906, No. 107. 
J. Durlacher and others, Frankfort-on-Main, February 26, 1907, 

No. 187. 
In the Hiilsmann collection, Wiesbaden. 

379*7. Travellers with Horses resting. Cattle also in a fine 
landscape. 

Sale. Van Albemarle, The Hague, October 26, 1744 (Hoet, ii. 145), No. 
17 (304 florins, DC Vriend). 

379^. Landscape with Figures on Horseback and on Foot. 

Some speak to a woman near a fountain. [Pendant to 439.] 
Panel, 15^ inches by 22 inches. 
Sale. Marquis de Brunoy, Paris, 1749 (5409 francs, with pendant). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 363 

379c. Travellers and Horses resting 1 . 

Sale. S. Dayrolles, London, May II, 1786 (88 : 45.). 

379</. Travellers and Horses resting. 

Sale. London, 1788 (45 : 35.). 

380. Travellers Halting on the Road. In the centre of a hilly 
landscape with a river two horsemen have dismounted. One, in red, 
stands near a tree with his back to the spectator ; the other, facing to the 
front, holds his horse's bridle. Near them is a group of beggars a woman 
with two children on an ass, a man asking an alms, another man, and a 
dog. To the left a traveller, seen from the back, is with a man and 
woman near a well. In the middle distance are women with bundles, a 
man leading a horse, a dog, and a sportsman. 

Canvas, 25 inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 26, 1799, No. 9 (3450 florins, Viet). 

380*. A Halt of Travellers. Sm. 276. 

Sale. Lord Clanbrassil, London, 1814 (103 : 193.). 

380^. Landscape with Travellers reposing. Sm. 508. In the 
foreground are travellers reposing. Near them a man holds a white horse 
and a bay by their bridles. On a bank beyond, a peasant leans on an ox 
harnessed to a plough. To the right is a horseman, preceded by a woman 
and child. 

Panel, i\\ inches by 18 inches. 

Said by Sm. to have been in the Dresden Gallery, 1829; apparently this 
was a mistake, as no such picture is known to have been there. 

381. Travellers resting. Sm. 389. A barren landscape. To the 
left is a tent, with a large canvas, hung from a tree to a pole, under which 
six persons are resting. At the entrance to the tent is a traveller on a 
grey horse, seen from the back. A woman stands beside him j a man sits 
in the tent. On the other side of the traveller is a beggar. In the centre 
foreground a man draws a cup of wine from a cask for a traveller with a 
dog. 

12 inches by 15^ inches. 

Engraved by Aliamet as " Halte Espagnole." 

Sale. Prince Galitzin, Paris, 1825 (4000 francs). 

In the possession of T. Emmerson, London, 1829 (Sm.). 

3810. Travellers resting. In a hilly landscape are peasants on 
horseback, and travellers resting near a stream in which two boys are 
swimming. 

Canvas, 15 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Bleuland, Utrecht, May 6, 1839, No. 410. 

381^. Travellers Halting on the Road. Three horsemen, one 
of whom is on a grey horse, halt on a little hill and converse with a 
soldier on foot. Near them three other soldiers rest on the ground. 

Panel, about 21 inches by 26 inches. 

Sale. C. J. Stiers d'Aertselaer, Antwerp, September 18, 1848, No. 6. 



364 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

382. Three Travellers Halting on the Road. Sm. 30 and 
Suppl. 132. On the left is a hill covered with bushes, with two leafless 
trees on the top, and, at the foot, a pool of water at which a dog is 
drinking. In the foreground three travellers halt on the road. One, 
seated on a black horse, speaks to another, farther back, who stands 
holding the bridle of his heavily laden horse. The third man kneels 
beside his grey horse to mend a torn saddle-girth. A few rays of 
sunlight break through the clouds. [Pendant to 442.] 

Panel, 13 inches by 15 inches, or, according to Sm., i8| inches by 
15 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curiosite, i. I oo. 

Engraved by Cochin as " L* Accident de la Voyage." 

Sales. Comte de Vence, Paris, February II, 1761 (Sm. says 1750) (700 

francs, with pendant). 

(Possibly) A. Perignon the elder, Paris, April 8, 1853. 
D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 145 
(1500 francs, Le Roy); Sm. says it was in this collection in 
1842. 

383. Travellers halting. Travellers halt near the top of a hill. 
The women are seated ; one has a child on her lap. The men relieve 
the pack-animals of their loads or let them drink. Higher up on the hill 
is a woman with a flock of sheep. 

Panel, 13 inches by 16 inches. 

In the Rh6n collection. 

Sale. Isaac Pereire, Paris, March 6, 1872, No. 179 (7100 francs). 

384. Travellers with Laden Horses on a Road. Sm. Suppl. 
1 8 1. An open country with a broken and undulating surface. On 
rising ground to the left are figures. A young woman sits with a child 
in her lap. A peasant with a bay horse halts to caress her. Another 
peasant with a grey horse, laden with panniers and bundles, passes on. 
Beyond, to the right, four travellers with two pack-horses go along the 
bank of a river. Farther away a man and horse are resting. A fine 
evening in autumn. " Painted in the third manner of the master, clear 
and silvery in tone " (Sm.). 

Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Bought by O'Niel from Stacey of Norwich, 1835. 

Bought by Sm. from O'Niel, and sold to Brook Greville. 

Sales. Brook Greville, London, April 30, 1836 (336, Scott for Charles 

Cope). 
Charles Cope, London, 1872 ($77 ' IOs -' Averst )- 

384**. Horsemen resting. 

Sale. Ant. Sils, Antwerp, March 21, 1882, No. 89. 

384*. Rest. 

Cardboard, n inches by 8 inches. 

Sale. Tscheppe and others, Frankfort -on -Main, November 7, 1898, 
No. 113. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 365 

384^. Horsemen resting. 
13 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. London, May 28, 1903, No. 27. 

385. Travellers resting on the Road. Several persons halt 
round a poor little wooden hut. One man lets his pack-ass drink at a 
stream, in which, to the right, a man is bathing his feet. Farther right 
a person kneels to get water, while another man stands drinking out of a 
mug. On the road to the right a cripple crawls on all fours. Behind 
him are other figures and a man riding away on an ass. In the left 
middle distance a road runs beside a cliff ; along it comes a loaded 
waggon. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 17^ inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. Jos. Monchen and others, Amsterdam, April 30, 1907, No. 202 
(950 florins). 

386. HORSES AND ASSES GOING DOWN A DEFILE. 

A fine genuine picture of the early period. 

Signed on the right at foot ; panel, Q| inches by 1 1 inches. 
In the Basel Museum, 1898 catalogue, No. 136. 

387. THE GREY HORSE IN THE GROTTO. In a 

romantic rocky defile, an unsaddled grey horse stands in profile to 
the right. In front of it a man and a woman rest on the ground. A 
shepherd with his dog stands near; another man comes down the road 
on the right. This is a work of the transition period, but still retains 
much of the early style. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 18 inches 
by 14^ inches. 

In the Dresden inventory of 1722, No. A 688. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1415. 

388. TRAVELLERS IN A GROTTO. A gentleman on a 
piebald horse holds the horse of a lady in black silk who has dismounted. 
Another horseman rides away in the distance. Beyond are hills. This 
is probably an early work, but not very good, though genuine. 

Signed in the centre at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 
II inches by 8 inches. 

From the collection of Count BrUhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1008. 

389. TWO HORSEMEN RESTING AMID RUINS.- 

Between them is a countrywoman with a child. 

Signed with the full monogram; canvas on panel, 16 inches by 14 
inches. 

In the gallery of Prince Liechtenstein, Vienna, 1885 catalogue, No. 605. 

389*. Figures and Horses in a Grotto. 

Sale. D'Orvielle, Amsterdam, July 15, 1705, No. 35 (105 florins). 



366 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

389^. A Grotto with Horses in it. 

Sale. Cornelis van Dijck, The Hague, May 10, 1713 (Hoet, i. 162), No. 
30 (42 florins). 

389*:. Horses and Figures in a Grotto. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May 8, 1715 (Hoet, i. 184), No. 6 (170 florins). 

389^. Landscape with Ruins, Horses, and Figures. 

23 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Martin Robijns, Brussels, May 22, 1758 (Terw. 188), No. 36 
(425 florins). 

390. The Interior of a Grotto. Sm. 98. A lady and some 
gentlemen enter to inspect an antique vase on a pedestal. One man with 
his whip draws the lady's attention to the inscription on the vase. 

Panel, 1 1 inches by 1 2 inches. 

In the Braamcamp collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 511). 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 288 (410 
florins, A. van Aalst). 

391. A Grey Horse grazing in a Ruin. Near it is a man 
holding a saddle. Farther off are a mounted cavalier and two sportsmen 
with their implements. 

Panel, io inches by 12 inches. 

Sale. M. van Coehoorn, Amsterdam, October 19, 1801, No. 86 (161 
florins, Spruyt). 

3910. Travellers in a Grotto. In the opening of a grotto, a 
fine grey horse is being saddled. Behind it a woman with a child sits on 
a bay horse. Farther off are two dogs. A woman and a boy come down 
a hill at the back. 

Panel, 15 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Engelberts and Tersteeg, Amsterdam, June 13, 1808, No. 168 (70 
florins, Roos). 

39 1 b. A Lady and Gentleman in a Grotto. Near them is a 
tomb. Farther back are two horses, one ridden by a cavalier, the other 
held by a boy. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 13^ inches by i8 inches. 

Sale. H. Reydon and others, Amsterdam, April 5, 1827, No. 170 (80 
florins, Van den Berg). 

39ic. A Rocky Grotto. In it stands a monument on which 
hangs a metal shield. A cavalier is about to strike the shield to raise 
an echo. 

Signed ; panel, 13^ inches by i8 inches. 

In the Weyer collection, Cologne, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 809). 

392. Travellers halting under a Rocky Cave. Sm. 143. 
On the right are three horses. The nearest is lying down. The second, 
a grey, stands in the centre, with a man beyond leaning against it. The 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 367 

third is a bay. Two women with infants, a man with a pack-ass, and 
another man smoking, form a group in the centre. On the extreme left 
two persons lie sleeping on a heap of hay. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Prince de Conti, Paris, April 8, 1777 (3099 francs). 

In the collection of Thomas Emmerson, 1826 (who paid jz8o for it). 

Sales. T. Emmerson, London, 1829 (199 : ios.). 

B. Narischkine, Paris, April 5, 1883, No. 42 (4900 francs). 

392*7. A Narrow Rocky Pass over High Mountains. Men 

are busy loading an ass and a horse. 

Dated 1650 ; panel, 9^ inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Isenburg and others, Frankfort-on-Main, October 3, 1898, No. 292. 

392^. Horsemen halting near Ruins. 

Panel, 16 inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. London, June I, 1900, No. 22. 

392^. Horses near Ruins. 

i8| inches by 28 inches. 

Sale. Younge and others, London, November 22, 1902, No. 50. 

393. Travellers resting in a Ruin. Herdsmen and cattle- 
drivers halt in the interior of a ruin. To the left lie sheep. In the 
centre a harnessed grey horse eats out of a manger. Farther back is a 
heavily laden bay horse, near which the driver is busy. A herdwoman, 
with an infant in her arms, speaks to a herdsman seated on the ground. 
Through an archway is seen a landscape. A second herdwoman, leading 
a child, approaches the archway. Golden evening light. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 15 inches by 
1 6 inches. 

Sale. The brothers Bourgeois, Cologne, October 27, 1904, No. 102. 

393^. Travellers resting near a Ruin. 

Sale. S. W. Lawley and others, London, March 19, 1906, No. 50. 

393^. A Horseman, Peasants, and Horses near an Old 
Ruin. 

19 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Marchioness of Londonderry and others, London, February 23, 
1907, No. 142. 

394. A Cavern. Sm. 497. In the cavern are a grey horse and a 
man standing behind it with his hand on the horse's neck. 

Described by Sm. from a mezzotint by Verkolje. 

395. THE HALT ON THE ROAD NEAR A STREAM. 

A horseman has dismounted to speak to a washerwoman who stands 
in the water carrying a bundle of linen. Behind them three persons are 
reclining. 



368 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Canvas, n inches by 12^ inches. 

In the collection of Antoine Brasseur, Lille. 

In the Lille Museum, A. Brasseur bequest, 1893 catalogue, No. 907. 

396. THE WASHERWOMAN. Sm. 205. To the right is a 
river. On the bank a pedlar holds a pack-horse by the bridle, while he 
speaks to a young woman with a bundle of linen. There are three other 
washerwomen. To the left is a tree. " A beautiful production, very 
clear in tone and brilliant in effect " (Sm.). 

Panel, 10 inches by 12 inches. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, ii. 347; by Waagen, ii. 109; 
and by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 162-3. 
Engraved by Veau. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1871, 
No. 213. 

Sales. Choiseul Praslin, Paris, February 18, 1793 (5511 francs, President 

Haudry). 

H. Muilman, Amsterdam, April 12, 1813, No. 185 (2225 florins). 
Prince de Talleyrand, Paris, July 7, 1817, No. 46 the collection 

was bought before the sale by W. Buchanan, the London dealer. 
In the collection of Alexander Baring, 1829 (who paid 262 : los. for it). 
In the collection of Lord Ashburton, The Grange, sold as a whole to the 
London dealers Thomas Agnew and Sons and others, August 1907. 

In the possession of Thomas Agnew and Sons, London, January 1908. 

3960. A Horseman and a Washerwoman. On a hill, a man 
holds the bridle of a pack-horse. He speaks to a woman washing linen in 
a stream. By Wouwerman or in his manner. 

Sale. Amsterdam, December 5, 1785, No. 113 (33 florins, Quinkhard). 

397. HALT OF TRAVELLERS. Sm. Suppl. 139. In a hilly 
landscape, by a stream to the left, a man in a grey jacket with yellow 
sleeves on a grey horse halts with his back to the spectator. Near him, 
in the centre foreground, another man stands beside a roan horse with 
panniers. A third man holds a full pannier. Behind him sits a country- 
woman with a child. A dog is lying down ; another dog drinks at the 
stream. In the left middle distance two boys are fishing. A horseman 
approaches from the right middle distance. [Pendant to 398.] 

Signed in the right hand bottom corner with the full monogram ; 
panel, 18 inches by 15^ inches. 

In the first supplement to the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 970. 
At the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 27. 
At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-15. 

In the Kassel Gallery, 1903 catalogue, No. 348 (old No. 321). [Sm. 
valued it at 210 in 1842.] 

398. TRAVELLERS HALTING TO REFRESH, WITH 
A WAGGON. Sm. Suppl. 151. In the right foreground is a country 
waggon ; a bay horse lies down in front, while a grey horse stands near. 
Behind them is a peasant with a bundle on his back. In the left fore- 
ground sits a countrywoman. Near her are a dog lying down and a full 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 369 

sack with which a child is playing. On a hill in the middle distance is a 
cottage, in front of which is another child at play. Gloomy black clouds 
in the sky. [Pendant to 397.] 

Signed on a stone on the right at foot with the full monogram ; 
panel, 18 inches by 15^ inches. 

In the collection of Madame Van Reuver, Delft, bought as a whole by the 
Landgraf of Hessen Kassel, December 18, 1750. 
In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 574. 
At the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 26. 
At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-15. 
In the Kassel Gallery, 1903 catalogue, No. 349 (old No. 322). 

399. HALT OF PEASANTS RETURNING FROM 
MARKET. Sm. Suppl. 104. In the right foreground, leaning against 
a willow trunk, are two peasants returning from market and a woman 
with a child. Near them, on the ground, are two hens tied up, a bag, a 
stick, a dog, and a basket. To the left, near the tree, in profile to the 
right, are a bay horse with a collar on and a grey horse, unharnessed, 
which is cropping the grass. To the right of the figures is the head of a 
pack-ass. In the left middle distance are peasants, another grey horse 
grazing with its head away from the spectator, and a brown horse lying 
down. A cloudy day. 

Signed on a stone on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 
II inches by 14 inches. 

In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 18. 

In the Kassel Academy, 1783 inventory, No. 41. 

At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-15. 

In the Kassel Gallery, 1903 catalogue, No. 351 (old No. 324). 

400. A PEASANT FEEDING HIS HORSE ON THE 
WAY HOME FROM MARKET. Sm. 426 and Suppl. 154. On 
the right a swift stream flows past an old leafless tree towards the front. 
In the centre foreground a peasant in red has unharnessed his grey horse 
from a market-cart and put fodder before it. In the cart sits the peasant's 
wife with a child at her breast. On the right an empty poultry- 
basket hangs from the cart. In the left foreground lies a dog gnawing 
a bone. Behind, in the middle distance, a woman with a bundle on 
her back goes away to the left. A man is seated with his back to the 
spectator. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram; panel, 12 inches 
by 10 inches. 

Engraved in the Musee Napoleon. 

A copy is in the National Museum, Stockholm, 1900 catalogue, No. 711. 

Bought with 936, and a tapestry representing Mary Magdalen, from Jan 
Goeree (for 300 florins). They formed part of the estate of Gerard Reuver 
and his wife Baligje Hulft, who had inherited both pictures from her brother 
Jan Hulft of Brussels. 

In the collection of Madame van Reuver, Delft, bought as a whole by the 
Landgraf of Hessen Kassel, December 18, 1750. 

In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 576. 
VOL. II 2 B 



370 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

In the Kassel Palace, 1783 inventory, No. 91. 

At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-15. 

In the Kassel Gallery, 1903 catalogue, No. 356 (old No. 239). 

401. THE MARKET CART. A bare hilly landscape, with a 
cottage behind a knoll and a church tower in the distance. In the fore- 
ground a man in a cart speaks to a woman. On the road are peasants, 
horsemen, and dogs. On a distant hill is a gallows with a corpse hanging 
from it. This was formerly ascribed to Pieter Wouwerman. Waagen, 
who corrected this error and assigned it to Philips, called it "a good and 
warmly coloured picture of his ' first manner.' " 

Signed with the full monogram, not quite in the usual form, but 
genuine; panel, n inches by 16 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (Suppl. 458). 

In the collection of Archibald M'Lellan, Glasgow, bought by the city in 
May 1856. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 1103 (old No. 544). 

402. THE HALT OF TRAVELLERS. A dark landscape. 
In the foreground two men, a woman and child, with a dog and fowl, 
rest near a pollard tree. To the left a white horse and a chestnut horse 
are grazing. To the right is a pack-ass. A work of the late period ; 
the sky has been much repainted. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, u inches by 14^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 288). 

In the collection of Archibald M'Lellan, Glasgow, bought by the city in 
May 1856. 

In the Glasgow Art Gallery, 1908 catalogue, No. 1105 (old No. 546). 

403. RETURNING FROM MARKET. Sm. 77 and Suppl. 
31. In the foreground is a cart with a grey horse. The driver, dressed 
in red with a sort of white Hussar cap, sits sideways on the horse. In 
the cart is a woman with a large brass milk-can and a poultry-basket. A 
woman with a child at her breast sits in front of a little bush by the road- 
side to the left. Near her are a package and a basket. A dog is in front 
of the horse. A good picture. 

Panel, ii\ inches by 10 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trbor de la Curiositi, i. 165, 251, 356-7 ; 
and by Waagen, ii. 202. 

Engraved by R. Strange and by Hervey. 

Eihibited at the Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1900, No. 36. 

In the Le Noir collection. 

Sales. La Live de Jully, Paris, March 1770 (1200 francs). 

Grammont, Paris, January 1 6, 1775 (2180 francs). 

Randon de Boisset, Paris, February 3, 1777, No. 93 (2890 francs, 
Paillet). 

Clesne, Paris, December 4, 1786 (5400 francs). 

Duchesse de Berry, London, 1834 (priced at .400 but not sold). 

Duchesse de Berry, Paris, April 4, 1837, No. 49 (7066 francs). 
In the collection of Charles Heusch, London, 1842 (Sm.) 
Probably the picture in the collection of Lt.-Col. G. L. Holford, London. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 371 

404. PEASANTS HALTING ON THE ROAD. In the 

left foreground are two leafless trees near a hedge ; beneath them sits a 
woman playing with her child. In front of her, in the centre, stands a 
man, seen from the back, beside a cart with a grey horse facing left. In 
the distance are some cottages in open country. A good picture. 
Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 12 inches by 14 inches. 

Presented by Collot or acquired from his endowment. 
In the Montpellier Museum, 1890 catalogue, No. 799. 

405. PEASANTS RESTING. A peasant family, with a woman 
soothing her child, and a dog, are resting near a grey horse. 

Signed on the right at foot with the early monogram j panel, 13 
inches by Q| inches. 

From the Zweibrticken Gallery. 

In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 510. 

406. A CARRIER HALTING. To the right a man unloads 
packages from a waggon. The horses, a grey and a bay, have been 
unharnessed and stand near. To the left near the wall of a cottage built 
amidst ruins, a woman with a child sits on the ground near an ass that is 
lying down. In the middle distance a wooden bridge connects the ruin 
with a rock. Two women are drying linen on the bridge. In the distance 
are a castle and hills. A weak and uninteresting picture. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 14 inches 
by i6| inches. 

In the collection of Count Brtlhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1010. 

406*7. A Country Waggon. 

Sale. Isaak van den Blooken, Amsterdam, May n, 1707 (Hoet, i. 101), 
No. 46 (135 florins). 

406^. Three Horses with Peasants resting. 

14 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Van Wassenaar Obdam, The Hague, August 19, 1750 (Hoet, ii. 
291), No. 24 (527 florins). 

407. Peasants with a Waggon resting on the Shore at 
Scheveningen. A waggon in which is a woman with a child. Near it 
are two horses, one of them a grey. Farther off are a man with a whip, 
a child and other accessories. [Pendant to 876^.] 

Panel, n inches by 15 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tre'sor de la Curiosite", ii. 43. 
Sale. Due de Lavalliere, Paris, February 21, 1781 (4101 francs, with 
pendant). 

4070. Peasants resting. A loaded waggon, in which is a woman 
nursing a child. A peasant has unharnessed the grey horse and gives it 
fodder. By or after Wouwerman. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. J. van der Maas and the widow P. van Spijk, Amsterdam, June 30, 
1783, No. 8 1 (17 florins, Kaerten). 



372 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

407^. Peasants resting. On a hill near a tree stands a white-and- 
brown spotted horse. Near it some peasants are resting, with their dog 
and bundles. Farther away are a paclc-ass, and other figures and animals. 
[Pendant to 40 7*:.] 

Panel, 12^ inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. van Bergen van der Grijp and others, Soeterwoude, June 25, 1784, 
No. 54 (90 florins, with pendant, Van Aken). 

407*:. Peasants resting. In the centre stands a bay horse, eating 
oats out of a sack which a man has put on the ground in front of it. 
Another man sits on a grey horse near a tent and some trees, beside which 
are other men, with a woman and children. On the road are two 
travellers. [Pendant to 407^.] 

Panel, ii\ inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. J. van Bergen van der Grijp and others, Soeterwoude, June 25, 1784, 
No. 54 (90 florins, with pendant, Van Aken). 

408. Peasants resting. Sm. 197. A landscape with buildings on 
a hill. Two horses, unharnessed from a cart, are in the foreground. 
There are three figures ; a woman sits holding a child in her arms. " An 
exquisite little landscape" (Sm.). 

Panel, 5 inches by 6 inches. 

Sale. Lollier, Paris, April 6, 1789 (2200 francs, with a picture of the same 
size by A. van der Velde). 

409. Peasants going to Market Sm. 272. In the foreground 
a group of persons with horses are starting on their journey. There are 
other figures. 

[Compare 410.] 

Sale. Willett Willett, London, 1813 (178 : los.) 

409*7. A Pack-Ass and Figures. A waggon comes down a hill. 
Panel, 17 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. I. Schmidt and Hagedorn, Amsterdam, April 24, 1820, No. 159 
(200 francs, De Vries, bought in). 

409^. An Old Horse, a Man, and a Woman. With other 
accessories in a landscape. 

Panel, 12^ inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Rotterdam, June 9, 1828, No. 38. 

410. Peasants starting for Market. Sm. 375. To the right is 
a large pile of buildings like a ruined castle, on the top of which are trees 
and bushes and a thatched cottage reached by a ladder. At the foot are a 
horseman and persons loading a market cart in which are a boy and two 
women ; one woman has a basket on her head and the other takes a 
basket from a man at the side. In the centre foreground is another horse- 
man, seen from the back. To the left, where there is a view of open 
country, a woman draws water at a well. " The artist appears to have 
intended to represent the dawn of morning, as a general sombre tone 
pervades the picture" (Sm.). [Compare 409.] 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



373 



14 inches by 17 inches. 

Engraved by Pistrucci in the gallery of Lucien Bonaparte, 1816 ; and by 
anonymous engraver. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1824. 

In the collection of Lucien Bonaparte, sold 1816. 

Sale. Zachary, London, 1824. 

In the collection of Frederick Perkins, London, 1829 (Sm.). 

410*. Peasants resting. A woman with a child at her breast sits 
in a waggon. A grey horse stands near ; a man gives it fodder. [Pendant 
to 254. Compare 400.] 

Signed, Ph. Wouwerman ; panel, 12 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. A. Baron van Harinxma thoe Slooten, Amsterdam, September 9, 
1839, No. 87 (115 florins, with pendant, Schetsberg). 

411. Halt of Market People. Sm. Suppl. 209. A hilly land- 
scape with bushes and a withered tree. Some market people halt in the 
foreground. There are three women ; two are seated and one has a little 
boy with her. A man unloads a basket from an ass, near which is a 
brown horse. Beyond is a man on a grey horse. Farther away a traveller 
goes up a steep road, at the top of which is a cow. An early work (Sm.). 

Panel, 12^ inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1836. 
Then in the collection of William Hastings, London. 
Sale. London, 1840 (77 : 145.). 

412. Market People halting on the Road. Sm. 492 and Suppl. 
242. A barren landscape. To the right is a large stone bridge, near 
which are a loaded barge and some bathers. In the foreground a bay 
horse is feeding ; a roan horse stands beside it, nibbling its mane. Behind 
the roan is a man with a stick. In the corner a woman kneels at a basket, 
in which is a kid. A woman on horseback and other figures are seen 
approaching. 

Panel, 15^ inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Collection at Rutland House, 1827 (168). 

In the collection of Colonel Ainslie, 1829 (Sm.). 

Sale. At H. Phillips's rooms, London (Hume). 

In the possession of the Rev. J. Brogden, who sold it to Sm., 1840. 

Bought from Sm. by G. Pennell (for 40). 

413. A Pilgrim asking Charity of Peasants. Sm. Suppl. 140. 
A pass between lofty hills, covered with bushy trees, on the top of 
which is a castle. In the right foreground is a party of peasants, com- 
prising two women, a little boy and a horseman, who converse with a 
woman seated with a child in her arms. A pilgrim asks for alms ; his 
tired comrade rests on the ground. A grey pack-horse is behind the 
woman. Farther off, a tilt-waggon comes down a steep hill. A fine 
warm evening. " Painted in the artist's first manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, 1 8 by 24 inches. 

In the collection of John Newington Hughes, Winchester, 1842 (Sm.). 



374 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Sales. John Newington Hughes, London, April 14, 1848 (54 : izs., Gold- 

smidt). 
Goldsmidt, London, 1850 (60 : i8s.). 

413*7. Horses and Peasants resting on the Road. 

Sale. S. Woodburn, London, June 24, 1853 (190, Gritten). 

413^. A Family halting. A man with two horses stands near. 
Signed with the monogram ; copper, 23 inches by 19 inches. 

Wrongly said to be in the Dresden Gallery in 1863 (Parthey, ii. 808). It 
cannot be identified with any of the pictures painted on copper that are already 
there, or with any other. 

41 3^. Peasants resting. In the centre stands a grey horse facing 
left. A bay horse lies near. To the right are a loaded country waggon, 
and a peasant family with children. At the back is a landscape, with trees 
on a bank. 

Canvas, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. A. J. Essingh, Cologne, September 1 8, 1865, No. 245. 

414. A Peasant Family. A waggon drawn by a mare comes 
down a steep hill. It is heavily laden with household goods ; a woman 
with a child sits on the top. A man leads the mare. There are other 
persons on foot and a horseman. In the foreground a dog is drinking. 

Signed at foot with the early monogram ; canvas, 14 inches by 21 
inches. 

Exhibited at Brussels, 1882, No. 276. 

Sale. Ruelens, Brussels, April 17, 1883, No. 297. 

415. Peasants halting on the Road. On a bank by the road- 
side, in front of a cottage with two trees, sits a countrywoman with a child 
on her lap. She speaks to a pilgrim sitting beside her on the right, with 
his back to the spectator. A peasant stands behind him. Another 
peasant on a grey horse carrying goods halts on the right. At the top 
of the bank, farther back, sits yet another peasant, holding the rein of a 
pack-mule facing left in profile. On the left is a river with a masted 
ship. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 19 inches by 
15 inches. 

Mentioned by Paul Eudel, L' Hotel Drouot en 1883, p. 350. 

Sales. Count Schonborn, of Pommersfelden, Paris, May 17, 1867, No. 

140 (No. 231 in the 1857 catalogue of this collection). 
Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 21, 1883, No. 1 10 (10,900 francs.) 

4150. A Herdsman's Family resting. On a gentle eminence, up 
which goes a laden waggon, a herdsman's family is grouped round a grey 
pack-horse. The woman carries a child in her arms. Fine in tone. 

Signed on the right at foot with the monogram ; panel, 19 inches by 
1 9^ inches. 

Sale. Cologne, June 28, 1890, No. 87. 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 375 

416. PEASANTS WITH A WAGGON. With horses in a 
landscape. Genuine but not good. 

Sale. Earl of Clancarty, London, March 12, 1892, No. 146 (9 : ios.). 

417. A PEASANT AND A HORSE. In a landscape. Behind, 
a man rides on a heavily laden mule. To the left is a woman. 

1 6 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Chandos Reade, and others, London, July 13, 1895, No. 84 (262, 
M. Colnaghi). 

4170. Landscape with Peasants and Animals. 

Panel, 22 inches by 19 \ inches. 

Sale. London, May 28, 1903, No. 149. 

417^. A Peasant, a Woman, and a Grey Horse. In a land- 
scape. 

Panel, 12^ inches by io inches. 

Sale. London, March 21, 1904, No. 67. 

417*:. Landscape with a Waggon and Figures. 

14 inches by 17^ inches. 

Sale. London, February 5, 1906, No. loo. 

418. Starting for Market. A man leads a horse from a stable. 
A woman with a distaff sits on a wall near him. Another woman in front 
ties up a sack. A third woman leans on a wall farther away. 

Described by Sm. from an engraving by Hervey, entitled " Le Preparatif 
pour le Marche." 

419. HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. Early work. 
Panel. 

In the picture-gallery in the Royal castle at Aschaffenburg, 1883 catalogue, 
No. 143. 

420. CARRIERS AT AN INN. In front of an inn to the left 
is a waggon with two horses. A man gives a pail of water to one horse. 
The carrier stands in front, drinking from a mug which the hostess has 
brought. In the centre foreground a loaded waggon comes from the right, 
drawn by a grey horse on which a woman sits. The driver in red, with 
a short whip in his left hand, walks on the right. Behind, in the right 
middle distance, is a horseman half hidden by the ground. Below is a 
river valley. It was formerly attributed to Pieter Wouwerman and later 
to Andries Both, but it is a genuine early work by Philips Wouwerman. 

Signed on the left at foot with the early monogram ; panel, 14! 
inches by 19^ inches. 

Acquired at Prague, through Riedel, in 1742. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1410. 

421. HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 516. 
To the left is an inn, to the right a watering-place. In the left fore- 
ground a horseman, who has dismounted from his grey horse, speaks toa 



376 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

girl at a well. In the centre the host with a beer-jug stands in front of a 
horseman who raises his glass. On the right two children sail a little 
boat in a puddle. 

Signed on the left at foot with the late monogram ; panel, 16 inches 
by 19 inches. 

Purchased in 1749 by Le Leu from the Crozat collection, Paris according 
to the Dresden catalogue. 

In Guarienti's inventory, before 1753, No. 1642. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1438. 

422. FIVE HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 

ii and Suppl. 4; M. n. Five horsemen armed with swords and guns 
halt at an inn to the left. The house is overgrown with creepers and has 
a tree with scanty foliage in front. Two of the men have dismounted. 
One stoops to the right to tie up his boot. The other sits on the left at 
the inn door and draws the maid-servant on to his knee. His grey horse 
stands in profile to the left in the centre foreground, and eats from a 
manger. Near the road to the right is a stream, in which a boy is 
bathing : four other boys are undressing. In the middle distance, a 
waggon with two horses comes from the left towards the right fore- 
ground. Beyond stretches a plain with rows of trees ; to the right is a 
castle. A low range of hills in the distance closes the view. At the inn 
door stands a woman with a child in her arms. There are two figures on 
the roof. [Pendant to 699.] 

Signed in the left centre at foot with the full monogram ; copper, 7 
inches by 10 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 1 1, as "Le Cabaret." 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 357. 

An old copy is in the Dijon Museum, 1883 catalogue, No. 187. 

Sales. Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737 (3775 francs, with 

pendant). 
Randon de Boisset, Paris, February 3, 1777, No. 90 (7800 francs, 

with pendant). 
Due de Praslin, Paris, February 18, 1793 (12,000 francs, with 

pendant). 
Duchesse de Berry, London, 1834 (exhibited for private sale, at 

300, but not sold). 

Duchesse de Berry, Paris, April 4, 1837, No. 52 (4987 francs). 
In the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frankfort-on-Main, 1900 cata- 
logue, No. 310. 

423. HALTING AT THE INN. In the centre a saddled grey 
horse stands in profile to the left. A groom holds it by the bridle. 
Another man kneels on the ground in front. Behind, to the right near 
a tree, a horseman converses with the host, who stands at the inn door. 
Here are three women, a little girl and a boy holding a dog's paw. In 
the left middle distance a gentleman and a lady go away. A waggon full 
of jovial peasants comes along the road. To the left of it is a view of a 
flat valley. 

Signed with the full monogram. 

In the collection of Leopold Favre, Geneva. 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 377 

424. HALTING AT THE INN. In the right foreground a 
peasant family are resting. A man, in profile to the left, raises a mug 
to drink. To the left and farther back is a woman with a child in her 
arms. To the left, beside her, a man is tying his shoe. To the right, 
near the group, are bundles and implements in front of an ass that is lying 
down ; behind it stands a cow ; both animals are in shadow. A girl 
standing behind the woman bends down and points with outstretched 
right hand to the left middle distance, where a lady and two cavaliers are 
preparing to ride off. The lady and one cavalier are mounted ; the other 
cavalier adjusts his stirrups. To the right stands the host offering the 
lady a glass of wine. To the left is a beggar. In the middle distance is 
the inn, filling the whole right side. The lighting is effective. 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 2O| inches by 27 inches. 

Acquired in 1744. 

In the Copenhagen Museum, 1904 catalogue, No. 390. 

424*. TRAVELLERS HALTING. A woman sits on her horse. 
A man has dismounted from his grey horse and kneels on the ground. 
On the road are a beggar, a seated woman, and many other figures. To 
the left are a horse and a haystack. In the distance to the right is a 
windmill. 

In the collection of Lord Allendale, London. 

425. THREE HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 

309. In the left foreground, in front of an inn, a horseman lies on the 
ground with his back to the spectator ; he converses with a companion 
who stands in front of him to the right, with a dog still farther right. 
Beyond the recumbent man the hostess is busy putting oats into a trough. 
At the back the third horseman, who is mounted, looks into a mug which 
he holds in his right hand. In the right middle distance the host is 
attending to the other two men's horses. In the right distance are 
travellers. A fine picture, simple and natural in composition. [Pendant 
to 293. Compare 819.] 

Signed with the early monogram ; panel, i6| inches by 23^ inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 343). 

In the Dulwich College Gallery, London, 1892 catalogue, No. 77. It 
was there in 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 367 : ios.). 

426. HALTING AT THE INN. [Compare 661.] 
In the collection of Mrs. Joseph, London. 

427. Travellers halting at the Inn. In the centre foreground 
a saddled grey horse, which faces left, stands drinking from a pail. Near 
it are the rider, an ostler, and a little girl. Behind it is a waggon in a 
side view ; fodder is being put into a manger for the two horses. A 
cavalier assists a lady to descend from the waggon. A beggar, hat in 
hand, advances ; a dog barks. In the left foreground a man sits on a tree 
trunk with his back to the spectator. Near him, to the left, a woman 
sits facing the spectator ; a little girl stands at her knee. Farther left 
stands a man in profile to the right. He wears a hat, and holds a mug in 



378 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

his hands clasped behind his back. Behind the waggon horses a horse- 
man halts, facing the spectator ; he drinks from a mug held in both hands. 
The inn fills almost the whole left half behind the figures ; to the right 
of it are two lofty trees. In the right middle distance is a river. A 
woman with a child on her back sits on the nearer bank ; a little boy 
points to the farther bank, where a man is seated. On the road beyond 
him is a house. 

Tall and narrow. 

In the possession of the London dealers Dowdeswell. 
In the collection of T. Humphry Ward, London. 

428. IN FRONT OF THE INN. Two horsemen halt in front 
of an inn. One wears a red jacket. On the road are two grooms with 
dogs ; farther away is a woman. Near the inn are cattle. A fine 
picture. 

Signed with the monogram ; 19^ inches by 17 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1892, 
No. 96. 

In the collection of R. W. Wilbraham, London. 

429. Cavaliers and Ladies in front of an Inn. To the left is 
the corner of an inn overgrown with creepers, with a slender tree near it. 
Nearer to the front, in shadow, a young woman stands at a well, over 
which is fixed an old wheel. On the ground are a pail, a brush, and a 
jug. A cavalier mounts his grey horse, which faces right, and is held by 
a young groom. In front of it lies a dog. To the right, farther back, 
a young cavalier, with a cloak over his right shoulder, stands while a page 
pours him out a glass of wine. Behind them, a lady on horseback bends 
down to speak to a cavalier, whose figure is concealed by that of the young 
man, save for his broad-brimmed grey hat, and the right hand with which 
he is gesticulating. To the left, behind the grey horse, is another horse- 
man, emptying a mug, with his back to the spectator. The host stands 
near and looks up at him. On the right a placid stream flows to the 
front. On a tongue of land a cavalier is watering his horse, while a 
horseman waits for him. A peasant, with basket on back and stick on 
shoulder, sits in shadow to the right of the lady on horseback. Beyond, 
stretches a broad, flat landscape ; a rustic couple, the woman carrying a 
child on her back, are walking away. There is also a tramp. 

Tall and almost square. 

In the Prado Gallery, Madrid. 

430. HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 126, 170, 
472. Three horsemen halt at the door of an inn. One, with his back to 
the spectator, bends to take a glass from the host. Another man faces to 
the front and is wrapped in a cloak. The third, in profile, has drunk and 
is about to pay ; he holds the second man's horse by the bridle-rein. To 
the left is a woman with a child in her arms and a boy at her side. In 
front a dog drinks at a pool. A very fine and richly coloured picture of 
the middle period. [Pendant to 64.] 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 379 

I 

Signed with the full monogram j panel, io| inches by 8| inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trtsor de la Curzosife, i. 337-8, and ii. 68-9. 

Sales. Blondel de Gagny, Paris, December 10, 1776, No. 117 (2500 francs, 

with pendant). 

Blondel d'Azincourt, Paris, February 10, 1783 (1861 francs). 
In the Valedau collection, Paris, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 262 : los.) ; 
the collection was bequeathed to Montpellier in 1836. 

In the Montpellier Museum, Valedau bequest, 1890 catalogue, No. 80 1. 

431. THE PILGRIMS IN FRONT OF A COTTAGE. 

Sm. 480 and Suppl. 228. At the door of a cottage, a woman sits with 
her four children. The youngest is in her arms. She lets another woman 
give refreshments to two pilgrims, one of whom stands facing her, while 
the other sits on an upturned basket. Behind the woman, a man taps a 
cask of wine to serve two travellers. One of them sits on his grey horse, 
while the other has dismounted to feed his horse. Farther back, a man 
and a woman laden with bundles come up a hill. A fine picture in good 
preservation. 

Signed with the full monogram ; panel, 12^ inches by 13 inches. 

According to Sm., in the sale of William Lormier, The Hague, 1763 (411 
florins), but no such picture is in the sale catalogue, and no such price was 
paid for any lot. 

In the collection of Chevalier Sebastien Erard, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 
i57:ios.). 

Sale. Chevalier Sebastien Erard, Paris, April 23, 1832, No. 170 (4500 
francs). 

In the La Caze collection. 

In the Louvre, Paris, La Caze bequest, 1902 catalogue, No. 2634. 

432. HORSEMEN HALTING AT AN INN. 

1 8 inches by 15 inches. 

In the Dutuit collection, Rouen ; purchased May 9, 1865. 
In the Petit Palais des Beaux-Arts, Paris, Dutuit collection, 1907 catalogue, 
No. 939. 

433. HORSEMEN AT AN INN. Peasants with a grey horse 
halt at an inn. A picture of good quality, belonging to the painter's 
maturity. [Possibly identical with 287.] 

In the collection of E. de Rothschild, Paris. 

43 3#. Halt before an Inn. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 15^ inches. 

In the collection of Sir F. Cook, Bart., Richmond, Surrey, No. 209. 

434. PEASANTS HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 396 and 
Suppl. 182. On the left, peasants halt at an inn. On the right, near the 
horses, a young man stands cutting bread for the travellers. Near him are 
an old man and two boys playing with a dog. In the centre is a waggon. 
A young man is tying-up his shoe. The waggoner drinks from a mug. 
A dog licks the grease on the axle of the waggon. To the left, near the 
inn, a man and a woman sit on the ground, conversing with a woman 



380 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

holding two children in her arms, who stands in front of them. In the 
right background is a river with many boats, some of which are drawn up 
on the bank. This is a very early and good picture, brownish in tone, 
especially in the ground and the lighting. The cloud high up on the right 
is, however, somewhat too black. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 1 3 inches 
by 23 inches. 

Engraved in the Brtlhl collection by A. Tischler, and by Filheul as " Les 
Voituriers." 

In the collection of Count Brllhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1007 ; it was 
there in 1842 (Sm.). 

435. TWO CAVALIERS AND A LADY ON HORSE- 
BACK HALTING AT AN INN. Sm. 371, and Suppl. 164. The 
lady wears a blue dress under a yellow cloak trimmed with ostrich feathers. 
She is mounted on a grey horse, and holds a little dog on the saddle. One 
cavalier on a piebald horse laughingly holds up his empty glass to the lady. 
The other cavalier has dismounted from a bay horse, and stands with his 
back to the spectator talking to the host. A dog lies at his feet. At the 
inn door is an old woman. From the right approaches a peasant family. 
The man holds a little boy by the hand, and leads a pack-ass carrying two 
baskets, in one of which is a baby. The woman carries a third child in 
her arms. In the distance is a landscape with hills on the horizon. This 
must have been a very fine picture but has darkened too much, so that the 
grey horse is out of tone. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram j panel, 13 inches by 
i6 inches. 

Engraved by Moitte as " Le Repos des Voyageurs " in the Brtlhl collection. 

In the collection of Count Brtlhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1013. 

436. HALT OF CAVALIERS AND A LADY AT AN 
INN. Sm. Suppl. 115. Three cavaliers and a lady halt at a village inn. 
To the left, one rider sits on a bank playing with a dog. The lady on a 
bay horse speaks to a girl standing in front of her. A second horseman 
with a broad-brimmed hat and a buff coat has hastily ridden up to his com- 
rade. Behind the girl a grey horse stands at a manger. A third rider stands 
on the left, in front of the others, with his back to the spectator. To the 
right, on the road up the bank, sit a peasant and a woman with a child in 
her arms and a dog at her feet. This is a work of the mature period ; it 
is genuine and not at all bad. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 1 1 inches by 
12 inches. 

In the collection of Count Koucheleff-Besborodko, St. Petersburg, 1866 
catalogue, No. 20 ; it was there in 1842 (Sm.). 

437- A CAVALIER AND LADY HALTING AT AN INN. 
Sm. 522. Six figures. In the centre foreground stands a grey horse, in 
profile to the right. A groom with three dogs holds the horse's bridle, 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 381 

while its rider stands behind, facing left. Here a peasant puts a basket of 
fodder before a bay horse with a lady on its back. At the back are an inn 
to the left, and a park-wall. In the extreme right foreground is a man. 
Two horsemen ride up the road in the middle distance. A fine picture of 
the good period. Sm. thought it "an example of the greatest beauty and 
perfection." 

Signed with the monogram ; copper, 10 inches by 13^ inches. 

In the collection of Prince Eugene, Munich, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 
420). 

In the Leuchtenberg collection, St. Petersburg. No. 126. 

438. HORSEMEN AT AN INN. On the right is a cottage. 
A rider on a grey horse halts to drink a glass of wine, while a peasant 
holding a jug stands before him. At the cottage window stands a woman 
with a child. In the left middle distance comes another horseman. Two 
dogs run in front of him ; a man walks behind. In the left distance are 
hills. 

Canvas, 13! inches by n inches. 

In the collection of P. von Semeonoff, St. Petersburg, 1906 catalogue, No. 
606. 

438**. IN FRONT OF THE STABLE. In the foreground 
of an open place before a stable, with a view of a broad and pleasing land- 
scape, a groom tries to hold a restive grey horse by the bridle. A horse- 
man in a red cloak and plumed hat, and a man on foot with his hand on a 
post, look on. To the left of them is another man with a lady on his arm. 
In the right foreground is a stable with a thatched roof, with accessories. 
To the left is a dog. 

Signed with the early monogram ; canvas, 14 inches by 15 inches. 

In the Von Gerning collection, Frankfort-on-Main. 
Acquired by the Duke of Nassau between 1830 and 1850. 
In the Wiesbaden Gallery, 1907 catalogue, No. 80. 

438*. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. Jan Agges, Amsterdam, August 16, 1702 (Hoet, i. 68), No. 66 (72 
florins). 

438^. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. D'Orvielle, Amsterdam, July 15, 1705, No. 32 (525 florins). 

438^. A Resting-Place. 

Sale. D'Orvielle, Amsterdam, July 15, 1705, No. 33 (300 florins). 

438^. A Halting-Place with Figures. 

Sale. Isaak van den Blooken, Amsterdam, May II, 1707 (Hoet, i. 100), 
No. 20 (126 florins). 

438*. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. Isaak van den Blooken, Amsterdam, May n, 1707 (Hoet, i. 101), 
No. 47 (112 florins). 



382 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

438/ A Halting-Place. 

Sale. Petronella de la Court, Amsterdam, October 19, 1707 (Hoet, i. 107), 
No. 45 (490 florins). 

43 8^. An Inn with Horses and Figures. 

Sale. Johan Steyn, Haarlem, April 28, 1711 (Hoet, i. 141), No. 2 (600 
florins). 

438/1. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 18, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 
82 (24 florins). 

438*'. A Halting-Place in Germany. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 
84 (26 florins 5). 

4387. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. Jonas Witsen, Amsterdam, March 23, 1717 (Hoet, i. 205), No. 2 
(237 florins). 

438*. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. Jonas Witsen, Amsterdam, March 23, 1717 (Hoet, i. 205), No. 5 
(300 florins). 

4387. A Post-Waggon. 

26 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 31, 1725 (Hoet, i. 313), No. 8 (300 florins). 

438. A Halting-Place. With many figures and horses. 

Sale. Antony Grill, Amsterdam, April 14, 1728 (Hoet, i. 325), No. 3 
(420 florins). 

438^. A Halting- Place. 

27 inches by 33 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, April 29, 1732 (Hoet, i. 374), No. 15 (300 florins). 

4380. A Halting-Place. 
1 8 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 1 8, 1739 (Hoet, i. 567), No. I (375 florins). 

438^. A Halting-Place. 

Sale. B. Johan Furly, Rotterdam, March 31, 1739, No. 7 (43 florins, 
Bisschop). 

438^. A Halting-Place. With various horses and figures. 
io inches by n inches. 

Sale. Van Zwieten, The Hague, April 12, 1741 (Hoet, ii. 21), No. 123 
No. 129 in the original catalogue (102 florins, Hoed). 

43 8r. A Halting-Place. With figures and horses. 
19^ inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Van Hoeken, Hartsoeker, The Hague, May I, 1742 (Hoet, ii. 54), 
No. i (450 florins). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 383 

438*. A Resting-Place. With figures and horses. [Pendant to 87.] 
14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Izaak Hoogenbergh, Amsterdam, April 10, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 81), No. 
15 (305 florins). 

438?. A Halting-Place. With different figures and horses. 
1 8 inches by 34^ inches. 

Sale. Pieter de Klok, Amsterdam, April 22, 1744 (Hoet, ii. 134), No. 64 
(100 florins). 

438^. A Resting-Place. 

13! inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Hendrik van der Vugt, Amsterdam, April 27, 1745 (Hoet, ii. 159), 
No. 37 (205 florins). 

438^. A Halting-Place. 
ii inches by 9^ inches. 

Sale. Hendrik van der Vugt, Amsterdam, April 27, 1745 (Hoet, ii. 159), 
No. 38 (130 florins). 

439. Cavaliers halting at the Door of an Inn. Sm. 28. An 
open landscape with a varied and beautiful distance. [Pendant to 379^.] 

Panel, 15^ inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Marquis de Brunoy, Paris, 1749 (5409 francs, with pendant). 

440. Three Horsemen at an Inn. Sm. 349 ; M. 52. Three 
horsemen halt at an inn, overgrown with foliage, part of which is seen to 
the right. The man in front sits facing right on a piebald horse, and 
wears a plumed hat. The second, to the right and farther back, faces the 
spectator ; he holds up a glass of wine. The third man has dismounted, 
and stands to the left holding his horse's bridle. At the door the stout 
host stands, holding a jug, beside a woman seated with a child on her lap. 
In front, a boy plays with a dog and a goat which he holds in leash. In 
the left centre of the foreground, a gipsy woman with a child approaches ; 
farther left, five others are encamped round a fire over which hangs a pot. 
In the distance is a hilly landscape with a castle in the centre. [Pendant 
to 95*.] 

24 inches by 20 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 52, as " Les Bohemiens," 1746. 
Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 64. 
In the collection of Crozat de Tugny, 1 746. 

Sale. President de Tugny et Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (3200 francs, with 
pendant). 

441. A Waggon halting at an Inn. Horses, figures, and 
children. 

32 inches by 30^ inches. 

Three pictures of this subject occurred in the Braamcamp sale of 1771 ; one 
(Sm. 94 = 446) can be traced in this collection in 1752 ; another (Sm. 92 =469) 
cannot well be identical with this much larger picture mentioned by Hoet ; the 
third (Sm. 82 = 445) may be identical with it. 

In the collection of Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 511). 



384 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

442. A Traveller halting. Sm. 31. On the top of a bare hill, a 
man sits with two dogs. In the centre are two horses ; one is laden with 
goods ; on the other, a grey, sits a traveller who drinks from a large jug 
which a woman with a child in her arms has handed him. Behind the 
woman a dog is reaching up to a pail on a stool j beside her lies another 
dog. [Pendant to 382.] 

Panel, 13 inches by 15 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiositi, i. 100. 

Engraved by Beaumont as " Le Voyageur AltereV* 

Sale. Comte de Vence, Paris, February 1 1, 1761 (700 francs, with pendant). 

443. A Horseman at an Inn. Sm. 44. A woman begs for alms at 
an inn door. Near her is a horseman holding a glass of wine. 

Canvas, 30 inches by 25 inches. 

Sale. De Selle, Paris, February 19, 1761 (2000 francs). 

443*7. A Halting-Place. With horses and horsemen in a village. 
[Pendant to 366/-.J 

2O inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. B. Cronenburgh and others, Amsterdam, March 22, 1762, No. 34 
(65 florins, with pendant, De Leth). 

443^. A Halting-Place. With two horsemen. 
8J inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. (Supplementary) B. Cronenburgh and others, Amsterdam, March 22, 
1762, No. 13* (20 florins, Geld). 

443^. A Halting-Place. 
15^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Theodorus Fierens, Antwerp, March 21, 1763 (Terw. 287), No. I 
(126 florins). 

444. The Post- Waggon at the Inn. Sm. 33 ; M. 55. A land- 
scape with a canal, on which is a ferry-boat with three passengers. To the 
left is an inn. In front of it a post-waggon with two horses draws up ; a 
cavalier helps a lady to alight. Near them a horse without a bridle drinks 
out of a pail. Round the house are numerous figures. On the right a 
woman with a brass milk-can sits on the ground. Near her, on the canal- 
bank, are three sheep. 

Panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trlsor de la Curiosite", i. 61. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 55, as "La Diligence Hollandoise," 1751. 
Sales. President de Tugny et Crozat, Paris, June 1751 (1001 francs, 

Leleux). 
Pictures from Saxony, Amsterdam, May 22, 1765 (Terw. 434), No. 

95 (202 florins, De Winter). 

4440. A Halting-Place. With officers and soldiers in a fine land- 
scape. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sate. Van Kinschot, Delft, July 21, 1767 (Terw. 605), No. 5 (80 florins 15). 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 385 

444^. An Inn. Horses and other accessories in front. 
14^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Thomas Schwencke, The Hague, October 6, 1767 (Terw. 644), 
No. 7 (51 florins). 

444<r. A Halting-Place. 

Panel, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, March 6, 1769, No. 119. 

444< Horsemen at an Inn. A woman offers bread to a man on 
a grey horse. Near him is a man holding a glass. Farther off are a boy 
holding a grey horse and another rider. At the back are fishermen and 
anglers. 

Canvas on panel, 16 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. A. B , Leyden, October 30, 1770, No. 6 (38 florins). 

445. The Post- Waggon at the Inn. Sm. 82. On a hill to the 
right is a cottage. In front of it are a post-waggon with six horses, and a 
man and woman who have dismounted. Nearer the front a huntsman 
holding a white horse converses with another huntsman who is coupling 
his dogs ; their guns and dead game lie on the ground. At one side a 
woman adjusts a girl's cap ; another woman lies asleep on a bag. Behind 
her are two children in a basket and a woman talking to men, apparently 
gipsies. In the foreground is a river j a boy is washing his feet and a dog 
is drinking. In the distance a horseman, leading a second horse, rides 
up a hill, down which comes a waggon. [Possibly identical with 441.] 

Canvas, 28 inches by 30 inches. 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 275 (noo 
florins, A. van den Bogaerde). 

446. The Post- Waggon at the Inn. Sm. 94. In the foreground 
stands a post-waggon with two horses to which a groom gives fodder. A 
child looks out of the waggon. A peasant on an ass has a bundle of 
faggots on the saddle behind him. A man with a pack on his back stands 
near. [Pendant to 953.] 

Panel, 16 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 284(720 florins, 
Yver) ; in the collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 511). 

446*7. Horsemen at an Inn. In the foreground riders, mounted 
or on foot, halt at an inn. A woman offers something to a horseman. 
There are other accessories. [Possibly identical with 464.] 

Canvas on panel, 16 inches by 2o inches. 

Sale. Soeterwoude, Leyden, August 14, 1776, No. 22. 

447. Travellers at an Inn. Sm. 125. With others variously 
engaged. " The figures in both [this and the pendant] are very small and 
are subordinate to the landscape" (Sm.). [Pendant to 1096/1] 

Panel, 8| inches by loj inches. 

Sale. Blondel de Gagny, Paris, December 10, 1776, No. 116 (4406 francs, 

with pendant). 
VOL. II 2 C 



386 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

448. Travellers halting at an Inn. Sm. 155. Amongst the 
various persons are a woman holding a child by the hand and another 
getting fodder for a horse tied to a rack. Another man holds a horse 
by the bridle. A woman looks out at the inn window. To the left sit 
two persons. [Identical with 477, according to Beurnonville sale cata- 
logue.] 

Canvas, 17 inches by 20 inches. 

Sales. Abbe" de Gevigney, Paris, December I, 1779 (1404 francs). 
Dubois, Paris, March 31, 1784 (1402 francs). 

448*. A Halting-Place in a Landscape. Two horses are feeding 
at a manger. 

Panel, 12 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. J. C. Werther, Amsterdam, April 25, 1792, No. 182. 

448^. Horsemen at an Inn. In front of a country inn a horseman 
halts to drink. The hostess stands before him. Near the house are tall 
trees. At the back is a huntsman on horseback with dogs. 

Panel, 13 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. J. Danser Nijman, Amsterdam, August 1 6, 1797, No. 306 (67 florins). 

449. Two Horse Soldiers at an Inn. Sm. 42 and 235. To the 
right is an inn, before which are two horse soldiers with other figures. 
The nearer soldier on a white horse drinks from a jug. The other, facing 
the spectator, has a trumpet in his hand ; a young woman sits behind him. 
Two dogs play in front. On the opposite side travellers are grouped 
round a fire, over which hangs a pot. [Pendant to 987.] 

Panel, u inches by 15^ inches or 20 inches by 23^ inches, accord- 
ing to Art Sales. 

Engraved by Baquoy as "Le Voyageur Allemand." 

Sales. De Selle, Paris, February 19, 1761 (2450 francs, with pendant). 

Due de la Valliere, Paris, 1781 (4101 francs, with pendant). 

John Purling, London, 1801 (220 : ios., Birch). 

450. Horsemen halting at an Inn. Sm. 153; M. 89. To the 

left is a vine-clad house ; beside it is a large tree with a pigeon-cot in it. 
In the foreground, before the house, are two sportsmen on horseback and 
two on foot. The nearer of the mounted men has his back to the 
spectator ; the other blows a horn. One of the men on foot caresses a 
woman with ducks. The other stoops to couple some dogs. On the 
other side, near the house, stands a man drinking out of a narrow-necked 
jug ; behind him is a woman with a child in her arms. 

Panel, 13 inches by 14^ inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 89, as " La Marchande de Canards," when in 
the Damcry collection. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trifor de la Curiosite", ii. 4. 

In the Damery collection. 

Sales. J. B. de Troy and others, Paris, April 9, 1764, No. 57 (800 francs). 

Peters, Paris, March 9, 1779 (1213 francs). 

Marquis de Changran, Paris, February 21, 1780 (noo francs). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 387 

Helsleuter ( ? Van Eyl Sluyter), Paris, January 25, 1802(1480 francs). 
Langeac, Paris, 1808 (1705 francs). 

Sir M. W. Ridley, London, February 6, I 864 ; bought by W. Cox 
(together with 1 17), who sold it to Smith. 

451. Travellers halting at a Refreshment Tent. Sm. 139. 
In front. of a tent, travellers and others with horses and loaded waggons 
have halted. Some are adjusting the baggage ; others are drinking or 
resting. A woman holds a child on a horse. On the right come travellers, 
one of whom leads a mule. 

Panel, 15 inches by 19^- inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite\ ii. 250. 
Sales. Paillet, Paris, 1777 (2130 francs). 

Sabatier, Paris, March 20, 1809 (3901 francs or 3001 francs, 
according to Blanc). 

452. A Halt of Travellers. Sm. 262. In an open landscape two 
travellers are seated ; a third is mounted on a grey horse. They look round 
at a cavalier on a prancing horse. Towards the left is a party of cavalry 
at an inn. 

Panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. P. de Smeth van Alphen, Amsterdam, August I, 1810, No. 124 (1850 
florins, De Lely). 

452*. A Halting-Place. With horses and figures. 
Panel, 16 inches by 20 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 13, 1812, No. 138 (30 florins, Nieuwenhuys). 

452^. An Inn. With part of a wall. Two cavaliers with horses, 
and other accessories. 

25^ inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. H. Hoogers, Nymwegen, June 7, 1816, No. 112. 

453. Horsemen halting at an Inn. A rich composition. 
Panel, 13 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Peelers, d'Aertselaer, and Cleydael, Antwerp, August 27, 1817, No. 
13 (1150 florins, Stevens). 

4530. A Postilion halting at an Inn. A woman gives him drink. 
Panel, ii| inches by 8| inches. 

Sale. J. F. Wolschot, Antwerp, September i, 1817, No. 143. 

453^. Cavaliers and Ladies halting at an Inn. A lady, mounted 
on a grey horse, carries a little dog. 
Panel, n inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Van Mael, Antwerp, April 20, 1818, No. 2 (105 florins, Robiano). 

453<r. A Horse and Figures at an Inn. 

Panel, 17 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, October 18, 1819, No. 59 (4 florins, Van den Berg). 



388 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

454. At an Inn. A cavalier, and a boy holding his horse. Behind 
them is another cavalier near his horse. 

Panel, 14 inches by i8| inches. 

Sale. J. A. Brentano, Amsterdam, May 13, 1822, No. 374 (288 florins). 

454*7. At a Country Inn. Travellers on horseback and others halt. 
A fine landscape. By Wouwerman or in his manner. [Pendant to 5080.] 
Panel, 8 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. J. R. van Breuklerswaert, Amsterdam, May 10, 1824, No. 15. 



454/>. Travellers halting at an Inn. 
Panel, 14^ inches by 20 inches. 

In the collection of Baron de Castell Bedernau. 

Sale. Baron de Castell, Hamburg, July 21, 1824, No. 154. 

455. A Lady and Gentleman halting at an Inn. Sm. 301. 
A lady on a chestnut horse and a gentleman on a bay horse halt under an 
archway near an inn. A grey horse drinks out of a pail. To the left are 
three women. 

Panel, 15 inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 22, 
(1060 florins). 

456. A Lady on Horseback and other Figures halting at an 
Inn. Sm. 300. A woman pours out a glass of liquor ; a horse feeds at a 
trough. Dark in tone. 

Panel, 13^ inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 37 
(1345 florins). 

457. A Halt of Travellers and Sportsmen. Sm. 490. A hilly 
landscape with a rough broken road to the left. On the road, in front, 
are a cavalier in scarlet, who has dismounted from a grey piebald horse, 
and another cavalier who has dismounted from a bay. At the corner of a 
house, to the left, are a woman drawing water at a well, a cavalier on a 
brown horse, and the fat landlord saluting him. Between the two groups 
are a woman with two children on an ass, and a wooden-legged beggar 
asking an alms of her. Farther on the road are other figures. The 
country to the right is intersected by a river flowing towards high 
blue hills in the distance. " Admirably finished and remarkably clear and 
silvery in tone " (Sm.). 

Canvas, 23 inches by 26 inches. 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1819. 

Sale. Duke of Bedford, London, June 30, 1827 (525, Noseda). 

In the collection of John Fairlie, London, 1829 (Sm.). 

Bought by Pennell from Chaplin, 1844 (for .850). 

458. [Identical with 437.] 

459. The Restive Horse. Sm. Suppl. 75. Near a lofty house, with 
a scaffolding at the top, are three cavaliers with their grooms and horses. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 389 

A light roan horse rears up. Another horse, whose head is held by a man, 
plunges out behind. The third horse, a grey, is mounted by a cavalier 
with his back to the spectator. One cavalier is fastening his boot. 
Panel, iy| inches by 15^ inches. 

In the possession of M6nechet, Paris, 1 840 (Sm.). 

460. Gentlemen halting for Refreshment Sm. Suppl. 22. The 
ruins of a castle, consisting of part of a round tower, a lofty arch, and an 
adjacent wall against which is a rack for fodder with a tiled roof over it. 
Seven horses and nine figures. A cavalier in a yellow jacket draws on his 
boot in the centre foreground. Behind him an ostler holding a white 
horse extends his hand to receive money from a cavalier. Beyond, a 
stableman leads forward a roan horse from beside two others. On the 
right a man with a scarlet cap adjusts the saddle of a bay horse. Near 
him, a groom on an iron-grey horse approaches, leading a second horse. 
Near the front, two boys are teasing a goat. A woman stands at a well 
near the archway. A fine evening. 

Canvas, 23 inches by 19^ inches. 

Imported from Italy and bought by Chaplin ; afterwards in the possession 
of Sm. 

Sale. Joseph Delafield, London, 1842 (225 : 153., Nieuwenhuys). 

461. Travellers halting at an Inn. Sm. 390 and Suppl. 271. A 
high road with the corner of an inn at one side. Close to this, under a 
canvas awning hung from an old tree and a pole, are about eight travellers. 
Nearest to the front is a woman with a child in her arms, seated at the 
foot of a decayed tree. Near them stands a man with his hand on his 
breast. The others are seated and pass round a cup. A man on a bay 
horse, with his back to the spectator, bends his head towards the innkeeper, 
who stands to the left holding a glass. The view is bounded on this side 
by rocks covered with bushes and surmounted by a castle near the middle 
distance. Evening. [Pendant to 381.] 

Panel, 12^ inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Prince Galitzin, Paris, 1825 (3510 francs). 

In the possession of the London dealer T. Emmerson, 1829. 

In the Gritten collection, London, 1842. 

462. A Horseman at an Inn. He sits on a grey horse, holding a 
horn, and waits for the glass of beer which the innkeeper hands him. 
Near him is a brown horse. In the foreground a young peasant brings a 
pail of water. 

Sale. Paris, March 4, 1845, No. 127 (1565 francs). 

462*. A Halting-Place. 
Panel, 24 inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale. Widow of P. J. van Oosthuijse van Rijsenburg, born M. de Jongh, 
The Hague, October 18, 1847, No. 178. 

462^. Waggons and Horsemen halting at an Inn. 

Sale. Captain Scobell, London, 1848 (ild). 



390 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

462*-. At the Inn. To the right a horseman and another man on a 
grey horse halt at an inn. The man on the grey takes a glass from the 
hostess. On the left a third rider crosses a brook in which there are 
bathers. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 23 inches. 

Sale. P. J. and B. van der Muelen of Coblenz, Amsterdam, August 22, 

1850, No. 85. 

463. In Front of the Inn. Two horses are drinking. A third, a 
grey, is led by a cavalier to be watered. Hilly landscape. Cloudy sky. 
Very broadly painted. 

Panel, 16 inches by 20 J inches. 

Salt. A. W. C. Baron Nagell van Ampsen, The Hague, September 5, 

1851, No. 75 (350 florins, Van Heeckeren van Twickel). 

464. Travellers halting at the Inn. A horseman drinks from a 
bottle handed him by a peasant woman with a child on her arm. He 
holds the bridle of the horse of his comrade, who rests on the ground. 
[Possibly identical with 4460.] 

Canvas on panel. 

Sale. Comte de Turenne, Paris, May 17, 1852, No. ill (600 francs, De 
Ter). 

465. Halt of Travellers at an Inn (or, The Post-Waggon). 

Sm. 474. In the centre stands the post- waggon covered with a red tilt ; 
it is drawn by three horses, one of which, a grey, feeds out of a trough 
into which an ostler cuts black bread. A gentleman assists a lady to alight. 
A beggar-boy stands near asking an alms. Nearer the front a boy and a 
girl play with a goat. Farther right are a man on a prancing grey horse, 
another on a bay, and the fat host of the inn attending on them. 
Panel, 15 inches by 19 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Trisor de la Curiosite", ii. 495. 

Sale. Amsterdam, June 26, 1799, No. 1 1 (720, I. Schmidt). 

Sm. says it was in the sale P. J. Hogguer, Amsterdam, August 18, 1817, 
No. 106. But the description of this picture (356) is quite different from that 
of the Morny picture, and the two cannot be identical. Probably it has been 
confused with the picture in the Jurriaans sale, Amsterdam, August 28, 1817, 
No. 78 (1500 florins, Josi). 

In the collection of Lord Charles Townshend, London, 1829 (Sm., who 
valued it at 315). 

Sale. Comte de M[orny], Paris, May 24, 1852, No. 34 (15,500 francs). 

466. Horsemen at the Inn. A luggage-waggon. A horseman 
is mounting a grey horse. 

Sale. T. Capron, London, November 27, 1852 (122 : 175., Nieuwenhuys). 

4660. Horsemen halting at an Inn. By Wouwerman or S. 
van Douw. 

Panel, i8| inches by 24^ inches. 

Sale. F. H. de Groof, Antwerp, March 20, 1854, No. 23. 



vm PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 

467. Travellers halting at an Old House. Sm. Suppl. 217. 
The house is to the right. One traveller rides a fine piebald horse. 
Another, with a red cap, is mounting a bay horse. Beyond these, a groom 
rides a restive grey horse down the bank of a river ; two boys are bathing 
and two others are entering the water. Two other boys are on a wall, 
near the door of the house. On the left are two dogs fighting ; one of 
them is held by a boy. " Painted in the latter time of the artist ; clear 
and beautiful in tone " (Sm.). It has suffered from exposure to sunlight. 

Panel, 16 inches by 2o| inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (ii. 186). 

In the collection of the Baron J. G. Verstolk van Soelen, The Hague, 
No. 90, in 1842 (Sm.) ; the collection was sold as a whole to T. Baring, 
H. B. Mildmay, and Lord Overstone, 1846. 

In the collection of Thomas Baring, London, 1854 (Waagen). 

In the collection of the Earl of Northbrook, who gave it in exchange to 
Baron A. de Rothschild, 1881. 

467*7. Horsemen in Front of a Ruined House. A troop of 
horsemen are mounting. 

Signed with the monogram; canvas, 19^ inches by 15^ inches. 
Sale. M. Wolff, Berlin, May 25, 1857, No. 76. 

467^. A Halt of Cavaliers at a Mansion. Sm. Suppl. 203. One 
cavalier rides a prancing piebald horse. Another has dismounted from a 
grey horse held by a boy, and fastens his boot near the fragment of a 
column. A man holds a saddle. Two horses are near a wall. This and 
the pendant "have become a little dark by time" (Sm.). [Pendant to 
66*.] 

Panel, 19 inches by 15 inches. 

In the collection of Lord Saye and Sele, Belvedere, 1842 (Sm.). 
Sale. Sir C. E. Eardley, London, June 30, 1860 (99 : 153.). 

468. Horsemen at the Inn. A sandy road leads through a land- 
scape framed by trees. In the left foreground is an inn, at which two 
horsemen halt. One has dismounted from his grey horse, on which the 
sunlight falls. A groom, attending the horse, gives it a basket of hay. 
Another groom brings from the right a trough of oats for the brown horse, 
whose rider has not dismounted, but sits drinking a glass of wine. In the 
style of Pieter van Laer. 

Panel, i6 inches by 20^ inches. 

In the collection of D. van der Schrieck, Louvain. 
Sales. Heris, Brussels, June 19, 1846, No. 94. 

D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1 86 1, No. 148 
(620 francs, Rommel). 

468*7. Horseman at an Inn. 

In the Blankensee collection, Berlin, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

468^. Travellers on Horseback leaving an Inn-Yard. 

In the collection of Dr. Motz, Bremen, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 807). 



392 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

468;-. Horsemen halting at an Inn. 

Signed, "Ph. Wouwermans 1653 " (?) ; panel, 1 6 inches by 19^ inches. 

In the Von Krane-Matena collection, Darmstadt, 1863 (Parthey, ii. 806). 

468^. In Front of a Country Inn. Horses are being fed. Figures 
on a hayrick. 

Sale. J. L. Coulson, London, 1863 (126, Cox). 

468*?. Travellers halting at an Inn on a River-Bank. 

Sale. E. Ellice, London, 1864 (173, Pearce). 

469. Huntsmen halting to refresh at an Inn. Sm. 92 and 
Suppl. 37. In front of an inn to the right a rider in red with a plumed 
hat halts his grey horse. Beside him is a saddled chestnut horse held by 
his rider. A groom puts fodder in a trough. An old woman near the 
inn seems to ask an alms. To the left, farther back, another rider holds 
the bridle of a rearing black horse. With his right hand he salutes a young 
lady on horseback, accompanied by a cavalier and a man on foot with a 
hawk on his wrist, who seems to be returning from the chase. In the 
immediate foreground two children are swimming a boat in a pool, at 
which a dog is drinking. 

Panel, 17 inches by 14 inches. 

Sales. Gerard Braamcamp, Amsterdam, July 31, 1771, No. 282 (925 florins, 

P. van der Stad). 

G. N. A. M Baron van Brienen van dc Grootelindt, Paris, May 8, 
1865, No. 48 (37,000 francs) ; it was in this collection in 1842 
(Sm.). 

470. TRAVELLERS AT THE INN. Horsemen and a loaded 
waggon. 

Signed with the full monogram j panel, 14 inches to 16 inches. 

Exhibited at Vienna, 1873, No. 132 pendant to No. 130. 
Then in the collection of Anselm von Rothschild, Vienna. 

471. A COMPANY HALTING AT AN INN. -Ladies and 
gentlemen on horseback with dogs halt at an inn. One leads his horse to 
a watering-place on the left. 

Signed ; 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1877, No. 233. 
In the collection of Lady Elizabeth Pringle, London, 1877. 

472. The Inn. Travellers on the bank of a lake. Hills in the 
distance. 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, 23 inches by 30 inches. 

Exhibited at the Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, London, 1879. 
Then in the collection of Samuel Sanders. 

473. Horsemen halting at an Inn. A poor inn built amidst ruins. 
A man on a grey horse converses with the landlady. His companion is 
mounting a dun horse and has his foot in the stirrup. In the foreground 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 393 

is a well ; the roller with the rope is fastened to a misshapen tree. In the 
distance a rider comes riding down a steep descent. 

Signed on the left with the monogram containing the letters P H W, 
and dated 1662 ; canvas, 32^ inches by 27 \ inches. 

Sale. Ruelens, Brussels, April 17, 1883, No. 299. 

473#. Halting at the Inn. Numerous figures, amongst whom are 

several cavaliers, at the door of a ruined inn. Farther back is a village fair. 

Signed to the left on a bale, " P W" ; canvas, 24^ inches by 35 inches. 

Sale. Berlin, April 5, 1898, No. 64. 

473^. Horsemen and Figures at a Sutler's Tent. 

1 6 inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. White and others, London, January 19, 1901, No. 46. 

47 3<r. Horsemen and a Lady halting at a House. 
Panel, 14 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. Sir Henry Meysey Thompson and others, London, March 16, 1901, 
No. 103. 

473^. Horsemen and Figures at a House. 

Panel, 17^ inches by 21 inches. 

Sale. Wilson and others, London, May 24, 1901, No. 149. 

473*-. Horsemen at the Inn. 

Signed ; panel, 17 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. London, July 9, 1901, No. 363. 

473/1 A Horseman and Figures at an Inn. 

25 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Fenton and others, London, February 16, 1903, No. 88. 



Horsemen at an Inn. 

Panel, io inches by 12^ inches. 

Sale. P. H. Edlin and others, London, December 14, 1903, No. 92. 

473/z. A Halting- Place. 

13 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Edmond Dresden and others, London, April 9, 1904, No. 152. 

473/'. At an Inn. Numerous peasants halt at an inn in a river 
landscape. 

Sale. Chr. Bushell and others, London, March 17, 1906, No. 144. 

474. Two Riders halt at a Poor Inn. The riders are to the right. 
One man, on a brown horse, is seen in a three-quarter view from the back. 
The other, to the left of him, has dismounted from his piebald horse, and 
converses with the host and with his wife, who sits nursing her child. To 
the left three boys are playing on the ground. Farther back a hay-cart, 



394 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT 

drawn by a horse which a countryman leads, goes down a hill to the right. 
A woman sits on the hay. 

Panel, 12 inches by i6 inches. 

Sale. Brussels, December 5, 1906, No. 85. 

474#. A Horseman and Figures before a House. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. London, June 10, 1907, No. 95. 

475. RIDERS HALTING AT THE INN. On the right, two 
riders halt at the door of an inn. The cavalier with a plumed hat has 
dismounted from his horse, which a groom is watering ; he holds out his 
glass to a countrywoman, who fills it again. The lady sits in her saddle, 
and with her right hand pushes back her veil. To the left, in a group, a 
horseman with hawk on wrist gives an alms to an old beggar-woman. In 
the background of a landscape darkened by a thunder-cloud is the sea. A 
genuine work, but restless in composition. 

Panel, 13^ inches by i6 inches. 

Sales. Fran9ois Nieuwenhuis, Paris, April 28, 1881 (7000 francs). 
M. Rikoff, Paris, December 4, 1907, No. 26. 

476. A STABLE- YARD. Sm. 316. Almost in the centre stands 
a dappled-grey horse, saddled, in profile to the left ; a stable-boy holds it by 
the bridle. The rider stands to the left with his foot on a box or bench, 
fastening his right spur. A well-dressed lady stands behind him to the 
right, facing the spectator ; she is about to mount a bay horse, held by a 
man behind her. To the left, near the cavalier, is a barking dog ; behind 
it, three horses stand at the rack. The first and third are saddled ; a groom 
appears to be removing the bridle from the second. On the extreme left, 
by the edge of the picture, stands a woman with a child in her arms. On 
the right, behind the grey horse in the centre, is a cavalier on another 
grey horse, facing the spectator ; he converses with a smith who stands 
near with a dog at his feet. Behind them is the open gateway, through 
which a lady with falcon on wrist rides in ; her figure is partly in sunlight. 
A dog runs beside her ; to the right, behind her, a man with a gun walks 
away. In the stable to the right are two other horses in profile at the 
manger and rack. In front are a cock and two hens. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, i8 inches 
by 25^ inches. 

Exhibited in the Six collection, Amsterdam, 1900, No. 169. 

Sales. Van Wassenaar-Obdam, The Hague, August 19, 1750 (Hoet, ii. 

292), No. 25 (875 florins, Brouwer). 
M. van Coehoorn, Amsterdam, October 19, 1801, No. 85 (1810 

florins, Roelofs). 
A. van der WerfF van Zuidland, Dordrecht, July 31, 1811, No. 125 

(1205 florins, Molemans for Van der Werf of Haarlem). 
Jurriaans, Amsterdam, August 28, 1817, No. 77 (3200 florins, De 

Vries). 
In the Van Winter collection, Amsterdam, 1829 (Sm.). 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 395 

In the Six van Vromade collection, Amsterdam. 

In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 3rd supplement to 1907 catalogue, 
No. 27194. 

477. Post-Horses being Fed. Sm. 391 and Suppl. 179. A 
decayed cottage" built against a ruined wall, behind which to the left is a 
large haystack. In the angle of the cottage and wall are a hay-rack and 
manger, at which stand three horses, the left-hand one with its head turned 
away, the others in profile to the left ; the nearest horse is a grey. A man 
brings forward a basket of fodder. Another man bridles a horse standing 
to the left of the centre. On the extreme left is a leafless tree. To the 
right is a woman with a child ; another woman is at the cottage window. 

Signed on the right at foot ; canvas, 19^ inches by 22 inches (within 
the frame). 

Engraved by Ozanne as " Les Relais Flamands." 
In the collection of Count Brtihl, when engraved. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1842 (Sm.), but not to be identified 
with any picture there now. 

Sale. Baron de Beurnonville, Paris, May 9, 1881, No. 558 ; said to measure 

20 inches by 23 inches, and to be identical with 448. 
In the collection of Maurice Kann, Paris. 
In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 
In the collection of F. Stoop, Byfleet. 

478. INTERIOR OF A STABLE-YARD. Sm. 441 To the 
left is an archway. Several horses and figures. Among them is a youth 
on a grey horse ; a man holds the bridle and whips the horse. A cavalier 
on a bay horse, followed by a lady on a bay, approaches the entrance. 
On the left, a man has dismounted from a dun horse ; in front is another 
horse lying down. "The picture is of good quality but a little too dark" 
(Sm.). The old catalogue wrongly attributed it to Pieter Wouwerman. 

Signed ; panel, 13 inches by 19 inches. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 448). 

In the Fitzwilliam collection, Cambridge, 1829 (Sm., who valued it at 

2 : ios.). 

In the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1898 catalogue, No. 80. 

479. THE GREAT STABLE- YARD. Sm. Suppl. 16. Two 
cavaliers on a bay horse and a roan and a lady with falcon on wrist on a 
bay halt, with their two dogs, at the entrance to the stable. On the left 
a man is mounting his horse, to which a groom is attending. Two 
children near him play with a kid. In the right background of the stable 
are three horses at a rack. A groom points to them while conversing 
with a man on horseback who has halted in the centre. Farther to the 
right and nearer the front are four more horses. A grey horse drinks from 
a pail ; another is tied to a beam ; a third is being groomed. Through 
the open stable-door is seen a landscape. To the right of the entrance is 
a cottage. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 18 inches 
by 26^ inches. 



396 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

Purchased from Lormier, February 28, 1748 (for 750 florins). 

In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 38. 

In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 84. 

At the Louvre, Paris, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 343 (old No. 316). 

480. THE STABLE BY THE RUINED HOUSE. Sm. 

Suppl. 234. To the left is a river. Two horsemen ride down the bank 
into the water. In the right foreground is a ruined house. In front of 
it is an open stable with thatched roof, under which are several horses and 
grooms. In the centre foreground is a grey horse held by a groom ; the 
rider stands in front, to the left. To the right a boy rides a goat which 
a girl pulls by a string. From the middle distance a cavalier and a lady 
ride forward along the river-bank. In the distance are hills. The clouds 
have been made dull by old retouching. " A highly finished but rather 
dark picture " (Sm.). 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 17^ inches 
by 24^ inches. 

Acquired by Reuver from his son-in-law (for 400 florins). 
In the collection of Madame Reuver, Delft, purchased as a whole by the 
Landgraf of Hessen-Kassel, December 18, 1750. 
In the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. 573- 
In the Palace, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 87. 
In the Louvre, Paris, 1806-1815. 
In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 344 (old No. 317). 

481. INTERIOR OF A STABLE WITH HORSEMEN 
RETURNING. In a little stable-yard are four horsemen ; three have 
dismounted. A groom on a ladder gets fodder in a basket. Two others, 
outside the stable, are unloading a waggon full of grain ; the two horses 
are unharnessed. In the stable are a dog, two hens, a tied horse lying 
down in the left foreground, and, to the right, a boy playing with a goat. 

Signed on the right at foot with a monogram now illegible ; panel, 
io inches by 14 inches. 

In the first supplement to the chief Kassel inventory of 1749, No. IO 5 I - 

In the Schloss Altstadt, Kassel, 1783 inventory, No. 188. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1806-1815. 

In the Picture Gallery, Kassel, 1903 catalogue, No. 345 (old No. 318). 

482. THE STABLE- YARD. Sm. 9 ; M. 15. The stable-yard 
is a broad thoroughfare. On the left a horseman in a red coat rides out 
at an archway, and is greeted by an ostler. Another horseman in a blue 
coat, on the right and facing the spectator, is about to follow. In the 
centre a man in a yellow coat is mounting a grey horse. In the right 
foreground two children play with a goat ; a woman sits on the ground 
nursing an infant. In the right middle distance three horses stand 
at a manger. In the background, through a wide open doorway, is a 
kndscape with a hay-wain. "An excellent example" (Sm.). [Pendant 
to 568.] 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; canvas, 2(> inches 
bv 26 inches. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 397 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 15, as " L'Ecurie." 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 8. 

Sale. (Probably) Comtesse de Verrue, Paris, March 27, 1737, No. 102 
(2500 francs, with pendant). 

Purchased for Dresden in 1749 by Le Leu, who is said to have bought it 
from the collection of the Comtesse de Verrue, Paris. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1424 (Sm. in 
1829 valued it at 420). 

483. A HORSEMAN IN THE INN-YARD. In the centre 
of a courtyard enclosed at the back by a wall and on the right by a 
building with a large closed doorway, a cavalier on a grey horse gallops 
to the right. Here, but nearer the front, stands a man in his shirt sleeves 
with his back to the spectator. He holds a child on his right shoulder, 
in front of a pedlar. To the right two children play with a cask, at 
which a dog jumps up. In the left foreground two boys are fighting. 
Behind them, a man in a cloak waits for a horse which an ostler leads 
from the door in the back wall. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram, and dated 1649 
panel 13 inches by 14 J inches. 

In the Dresden inventory of 1722, No. A3 50. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1427. 

484. A LITTLE STABLE- YARD. On the left a carter leads 
in his horse. Within the yard stand three horses ; the left is a pack-horse, 
the centre one is a grey. To the right is a man with a wheelbarrow. 
Bode contests the authenticity of this picture ; Woermann and Von 
Seidlitz regard it as an original. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 10^ inches 
by 14 inches. 

Mentioned by Bode in Von Zahn, vi. 206, and by Seidlitz in Repertorium, 
xvi. 379. 

Acquired for Dresden by Raschke from Antwerp in 1710 with 485. 

In the Dresden inventory of 1722, No. 6464. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1459. 

485. THE STABLE-YARD WITH TRAVELLERS. In 

the centre travellers, among them a lady, ride in. Within, on the left, 
are three horses and a foal j in the middle a horseman pulls on his boots 
while a boy holds his red cloak. Farther right is a horseman in a blue 
coat ; on the extreme right is a grey horse at a manger. 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram j panel, n| inches 
by 15 inches. 

Acquired for Dresden from Antwerp in 1710, with 484. 

In the Dresden inventory of 1722, No. A5o6. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, Dresden, 1905 catalogue, No. 1460. 

486. THE STABLE. In a stable are three horses, a brown and 
two greys, tied to a rack on the left. The front horse wears a collar. 
In the centre foreground two dogs are fighting. On the right an ostler 
with a pail stands at the trough of a pump. Beside him is a maid-servant 



398 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

with a child in her arms. A pack-horse is led in at the open door at 
the back. 

Signed on the right at foot with an almost entirely new monogram, 
under which traces of the genuine old monogram may still be seen j panel, 
14^ inches by 19^ inches. 

Engraved in aquatint by W. Kobell. 
In the Stadel collection. 

In the Stadel'sches Kunstinstitut, Frank fort-on-Main, 1900 catalogue, 
No. 313. 

487. THE ARRIVAL AT THE INN- YARD. Sm. 443. 
Numerous cavaliers and ladies on horseback enter a spacious inn-yard by 
a wide gateway to the left. In the centre is a well-dressed man on a dun 
horse, facing to the front, with a riding-whip in his right hand. Next, to 
the left, is a grey horse in profile to the right, held by a stable-boy while 
the rider dismounts. Behind the grey a lady in blue and a cavalier in red 
ride into the yard by the gateway, through which are seen some houses, 
an old round tower, and trees. In shadow, in the left foreground, two 
horses stand in profile to the right at a manger, into which an ostler is 
cutting bread, while a boy plays with a goat. On the right, near the 
man on the dun, is a dappled-grey with its head turned away j a groom 
has dismounted from it. Nearer the front a rearing chestnut horse is 
held by a groom, while its rider on the right pulls up his boots. Through 
an archway at the back a coach with two grey horses is driven in. In 
front are a dog, two cocks fighting, and a hen. [Pendant to 488.] 

Signed twice on the right at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 17 
inches by 23^ inches. 

In the collection of Govert van Slingeland (not mentioned by Hoet). 
In the collection of the Stadtholder William V. (Terw. 719). 
In the Royal Picture Gallery, The Hague, 1907 catalogue, No. 214 (Sm. 
valued it in 1829 at 367 : ios.). 

488. THE DEPARTURE FROM THE INN-YARD. Sm. 

444. Three cavaliers and a lady are preparing to leave an inn-yard. In 
the centre is a grey horse in profile to the left ; a groom is saddling it, 
while a boy holds the bridle. A cavalier on a bay horse, to the left and 
facing the spectator, speaks to the boy ; a dog is in front of him. To 
the left, beside the cavalier, is a lady on horseback, also facing the spectator. 
The rider of the grey kneels down on the right to fasten his spurs. 
Behind him another cavalier mounts a grey, seen from the back. In the 
left foreground are three bay horses, one of them lying down ; farther 
away an ostler opens a door. In the centre are some hens. On the 
right, two children run after a goat. In the left background is a hay-loft, 
to which a man with a basket goes up ; on the right is the large arched 
entrance, through which comes a horseman in red leading his horse by 
the bridle, followed by another man on horseback. Outside it two horses 
are eating hay, and a peasant stands on a hay-cart putting hay into a loft. 
[Pendant to 487. Compare 500.] 

Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram j panel, 1 7 inches 
by 23^ inches. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 399 

In the same collections as 487. 

In the Royal Picture Gallery, The Hague, 1907 catalogue, No. 215 (Sm. 
valued it in 1829 at 367 : ios.). 

489. Stable with Horses. Fine light and shade. 

Mentioned by Waagen (iii. 310). 

In the collection of the Marquess of Linlithgow, Hopetoun House, Edin- 
burgh. 

490. A STABLE- YARD. In the background of a large stable- 
yard horses stand at a manger ; a boy is about to give them water. Hens 
are picking here and there ; a little boy mounts a goat, his sister plays 
with a puppy, and their father, the ostler, receives his money at the door, 
where the wife sits. Some well-dressed huntsmen are preparing to leave. 
One man on a grey horse gallops towards the entrance, where another 
man throws a coin into a beggar's hat and looks round for his com- 
panions. A lady and a cavalier are ready to start. The falconer con- 
verses with the last of the party, who is not yet mounted. 

Signed with the monogram ; panel, 20^ inches by 29! inches. 

In the collection of Count Moltke, Copenhagen, 1885 catalogue, No. 89. 

491. INTERIOR OF A STABLE. Sm. 171. A large shed 
with a wide entrance to the left, through which is seen the open country. 
A horseman leads his roan horse in by the bridle, followed by a lady on a 
dun horse who rides in. On the extreme left a maid-servant fills a pail at 
a well ; on a cross-beam above it sits a peacock. To the right, near the 
centre, is a grey horse with a rose-coloured velvet saddle and yellow 
housings, facing right and lifting its left fore-foot impatiently ; its rider 
stands behind it. To the left of it is a horseman in yellow on a bay 
horse, with its head turned away. Farther left a cavalier holds his dark- 
grey horse by the bridle while he pays the ostler. In front of him are 
two boys, one holding a dog, the other riding on a goat. Farther away a 
girl with a kid sits on the ground. In the right foreground are hens in 
front of other horses and grooms fetching fodder. An "excellent 
picture which is painted in the artist's most careful and elaborate manner " 
(Sm.). 

Signed with the full monogram ; canvas, i8| inches by 26^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, ii. 93, and by Waagen 
(i. 408). 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1818. 

Sales. Servad, Amsterdam, June 25, 1778, No. 121 (3300 florins, Fouquet). 
Comte de Merle, Paris, March i, 1784 (7900 francs, Le Rouge). 
G. Watson Taylor, London, June 13, 1823 (556 : ios., Emmerson). 
In the collection of Sir Robert Peel, 1829 (Sm.) ; purchased with the 
collection for the National Gallery, 1871. 

In the National Gallery, London, 1906 catalogue, No. 879. 

4910. THE INN- YARD. A cavalier rides in the stable-yard from 
the left, followed by a lady on horseback. An ostler salutes him with a 
low bow. In the stable are a bay horse with a saddle and a whitish- 
brown horse without a saddle ; this second horse has been repainted. On 



400 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

the right is a cavalier in red, seen from the back. Farther away are a 
groom, a dog, and other accessories. 
Panel, 13^ inches by 16 inches. 

In the collection of George Salting, London. 

492. AN INN-YARD. Sm. 238. With travellers. In the 
centre is a restive grey horse. [Compare 516.] 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 304. 
In the Fagel collection, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 409). 

Sale. Greffier Fagel, London, May 22, 1801, No. 42 (152 : 5s.). 
In the collection of the Earl of Radnor, Longford Castle, 1 898 catalogue, 
No. 2. 

493. SADDLED HORSES IN A STABLE. The interior of 
a large barn-like stable, with a wide entrance to the left. In the centre a 
cavalier holds a saddled grey horse in profile to the left. A boy running 
up from the left pulls off his cap and hands a whip to the man. On the 
right is a man on horseback, feeing the spectator ; beside him an ostler is 
saddling a horse. At the rack behind are two more horses. In the right 
foreground a boy feeds a dog ; there are three hens on the ground. In 
the open to the left are a cavalier and a lady on horseback ; the lady, seen 
from the back, gives a beggar an alms. A woman with a cap comes from 
the right with a jug. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, 12 inches 
by 14 inches. 

In the Electoral Gallery, Munich. 

the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 449. 



494. INTERIOR OF A STABLE. Sm. 133. In the centre 
are three saddled horses facing right. The grey on the right drinks from 
a pail held by a man ; the next is held by a groom ; a cavalier, seen from 
the back, is about to mount the horse to the left. Another cavalier, 
mounted and facing the spectator, halts behind the group. To the left is 
the open entrance door ; on the left of it a woman draws water at a well. 
On the road outside a cavalier riding away is addressed by a beggar. In 
the right background are three more horses at the racks. In front a 
groom carries a bundle of hay. To the left of him lies a goat j three 
hens farther away are picking up grains of corn. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; copper, 12 inches 
by 14 inches. 

Sales. Randon de Boisset, Paris, February 3, 1777, No. 92 (5000 francs). 

Morel, Paris, April 19, 1786 (3800 francs). 

Due d'Alberg, London, 1817 (288 : 153.). 

King Maximilian of Bavaria, Munich, December 5, 1826, No. 76 

(2771 florins). 
In the Aeltere Pinakothek, Munich, 1904 catalogue, No. 501. 

495. INTERIOR OF A STABLE. Sm. 296 ; M. 79. In the 
centre foreground a white horse in profile to the right is held by a boy. 
To the right a brown horse in profile to the left drinks from a pail. In 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 401 

front of it is a dog j behind it a third horse is feeding at ' a rack. In 
front are hens. In the left foreground, by the open entrance door, a 
woman with a child in her arms sits conversing with an ostler who 
carries a saddle. Through the doorway is open country with a cottage ; 
on the road are a man, a boy, and a dog. 

Signed on the left with the full monogram ; panel, 13 inches by 17 
inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 79, as " L'Ecurie Flamande." 

Exhibited at Berlin, 1890, No. 329. 

A precisely similar but somewhat larger picture, measuring 16 inches by 19 
inches, in the manner of Wouwerman was in the sale P. Locquet, Amsterdam, 
September 22, 1783, No. 453 (21 florins, Van der Schley). Possibly it was a 
copy and identical with the Pabst van Bingerden picture mentioned below. 

Sales. Denis, Paris, 1755. 

C. L. Reynders, Brussels, August 6, 1821 (900 florins). 
Smith, London, 1828 (136 : ios., bought in). 

In the possession of Sm., 1829. 

Sales. (Possibly) Baron van Pabst van Bingerden, The Hague, September 
7, 1842, No. 47 (600) ; the dimensions, 1 6 inches by 17^ 
inches, are not quite the same but the description agrees precisely. 

D. van der Schrieck of Louvain, Brussels, April 8, 1861, No. 142 
(4100 francs, Le Grel). 

In the collection of Carl von Hollitscher, Berlin, 1890. 

In the collection of the late Rodolphe Kann, Paris. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer C. Sedelmeyer, "Catalogue of 100 
Paintings," 1900, No. 51. 

In the collection of J. Hage, Nivaa, near Copenhagen, 1908 catalogue, 
No. 71. 

496. LEAVING THE INN -YARD FOR THE CHASE. 

Sm. 337 ; M. 35. In the centre of a spacious inn-yard is a man on a 
grey horse facing left ; to the right are two dogs and the innkeeper with 
a jug in his hand, facing the spectator. To the right a lady with hawk on 
wrist sits on a stallion, seen from the back in a three-quarter view to the 
right. Farther back is another horseman ; to the right of the lady are 
two horses at a rack, with a groom. A little boy holds a little girl's 
frock, playing coach and horses. To the left of them two hens are picking 
at the ground. On the left is the wide open doorway ; a horseman, 
facing the spectator, halts and holds up a glass of wine. To the left and 
nearer the front a page holds a saddled horse with its head turned away. 
Farther left, outside the stable, a horseman embraces a girl who draws 
water at a well. In front are two children at play, two dogs, and three 
hens. 

Panel, 14 inches by 19 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 35, as " Le Vin de 1'Etrier." 
In the collection of the Prince de Carignan, 1738. 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1903 catalogue, No. 2624 (it was there in 1816 and 
valued at 12,000 francs). 

497. INTERIOR OF A STABLE. Sm. 37 ; M. 34. In a 
spacious stable are six horses and ten figures. The nearest of these is a 

VOL. II 2 D 



402 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

boy riding a goat which another boy drives. In front of him is a girl on 
a hobby-horse. Beyond these, a cavalier on a grey horse rides out of the 
stable. A cavalier, bare-headed, adjusts the bridle of a restive horse. A 
man pushes back one of the stable doors ; near him is a woman at a well. 
The other four horses are at a manger in the background. 
Panel, 14^ inches by i8 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 34, as " L'Ecurie Hollandoise " ; and by 
Filhoeul. 

According to the catalogue, this was in the collection of the Prince de 
Carignan (see 496). 

In the Louvre, Paris, 1903 catalogue, No. 2627 (it was there in 1816, and 
valued at 6000 francs). 

498. Three Horses in a Shed. A grey horse, a chestnut, and a 
bay which is saddled and held by a boy. At the door are a cavalier and 
a lady on horseback to whom the boy takes off his hat. Behind the 
chestnut horse stands an ostler. On the right are a man in a scarlet 
cloak with his back to the spectator, and a small boy. To the left is a 
little black dog ; to the right are three hens and stable utensils. Through 
the open door is seen foliage. 

Canvas, 14^ inches by i8 inches. 

In the Boniakowsky collection, Warsaw, 1903. 

In the possession of the Paris dealer F. Kleinberger. 

499. THE INTERIOR OF AN INN STABLE. Sm. Suppl. 
27. In a large stable, the doors of which open to the left on a hilly 
landscape, two huntsmen are preparing to depart. One cavalier, in a 
grey cloak and a plumed hat, on a grey horse, pays the ostler who stands, 
cap in hand, at the door. The other sits on a sack of oats, pulling up his 
boots ; a page holds his horse. To the right two ostlers are tending five 
horses. Another ostler, with basket in hand, climbs a ladder up to a 
loft filled with trusses of hay. To the left are a stable-boy and two 
horses. In the foreground are a dog lying down, and a cock and two 
hens on a manure-heap ; to the right a boy swims a boat in a tub near 
the well. 

Panel, 16 inches by 23 inches. 

From the collection of Count Brllhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1000. 

500. THE INTERIOR OF AN INN STABLE. Sm. 

Suppl. 21. A large barn-like shed, with a wide-open entrance-door to 
the left, through which are seen a stone building and a hilly distant 
landscape. Three horsemen are preparing to depart. One, assisted by 
the ostler, swings himself into the saddle of his brown horse. The second, 
to the right, is already mounted on his grey horse. In the foreground a 
little boy is playing at horses and has a whip. Farther away stands the 
third horseman with a page and a groom. At the back, near a manger 
full of hay, two ostlers are tending three horses. Farther right a she- 
goat lies on the hay. In front two boys play with a dog. The picture 
is not bad in its way ; it resembles the picture at The Hague (488). 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 



403 



Signed on the right at foot with the full monogram; panel, i8| 
inches by 28 inches. 

From the collection of Count Brtlhl. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. 1001 (Sm. 
in 1842 valued it at 315). 

501. TWO HUNTSMEN RESTING IN THE INN- 
YARD. In the centre of a courtyard surrounded by buildings are two 
saddled horses, a grey and a bay. The two huntsmen have dismounted 
and rest near a well adorned with the statue of a woman. One man 
pours out a glass of wine for his companion. The hostess, with a child 
on her arms, comes out of the house, bringing a jug of wine. To the 
left, near the well, are two washerwomen. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram ; panel, n inches 
by 14^ inches. 

Acquired by the Empress Catherine II. 

In the Hermitage Palace, St. Petersburg, 1901 catalogue, No. ion. 

502. Baggage- Waggons in a Shed. Two loaded waggons, seen 
in the half-light of the shed, come in through the great door in the left back- 
ground. The larger, a tilt-waggon, is drawn by three horses ; the smaller 
one is loaded with bedding, with a basket of poultry and another of utensils 
on the top. In the left foreground an armed horseman in a red cloak, on 
a grey horse, converses with a woman carrying a child in her arms. Near 
a manger to the right is a grey horse between two bay horses. A man, 
hat in hand, walks past. A little boy runs with a dog. 

The picture is somewhat hard in style, so that its authenticity seems 
doubtful. One may instance the household goods on the waggon. Other 
details, however, are very well done, so that it may be a much-restored 
original. 

Signed on the left with the full monogram, which does not look bad ; 
panel, i8| inches by 24^ inches. 

From the Holterman-Wahrendorff collection, 1859. 

In the National Museum, Stockholm, 1900 catalogue, No. 713. 

503. A GREY HORSE IN A STABLE. The grey horse with 
a red saddle is seen almost in profile from the left, and raises its right fore- 
foot. It is tied by the bridle to a post. 

Signed on the left at foot with the full monogram, and dated 1668 ; 
panel, 12 inches by 14 inches. 

In the collection of Madame Hoofman, Haarlem, sold by auction in 1846. 

In the collection of Count von Bloudoff. 

Sales. Prince Demidoff, San Donato, near Florence, March 15, 1880, No. 

1130. 
Adolf Josef Bosch, Vienna, April 28, 1885, No. 55 (5800 florins, 

Baron Rothschild). 
In the collection of Albert von Rothschild, Vienna, 1904. 

503*. A Stable. With a hay-cart. 

Sale. D'Orvielle, Amsterdam, July 15, 1705, No. 34 (215 florins). 



404 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

503^. A Stable. 

Sab. Adriaen van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 7, 1706 (Hoet, i. 87), No. 6 
(630 florins). 

503^:. A Stable. With horses and figures. 

Sale. Pieter van der Lip, Amsterdam, June 14, 1712 (Hoet, i. 146), No. 5 
(250 florins). 

503^. A Stable with Nine Horses. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 

85 (41 florins). 

503*. A Stable with Seven Horses. 

Sale. David Grenier, Middelburg, August 1 8, 1712 (Hoet, ii. 362), No. 

86 (6 1 florins). 

503/1 A Stable. 

Sale. Jonas Witsen, Amsterdam, March 23, 1717 (Hoet, i. 205), No. 6 
(250 florins). 

503^. A Stable. 

Sale. Jacob van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 12, 1719 (Hoet, i. 221), No. 9, 

(300 florins). 

503/1. A Stable. 

Sale. Jacob van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 12, 1719 (Hoet, i. 222), No. 30 
(132 florins). 

503;. A Stable. 

Sale. Jacob van Hoek, Amsterdam, April 12, 1719 (Hoet, i. 222), No. 31 
(120 florins). 

503;'. A Stable. 

Sale. Willem Six, Amsterdam, May 12, 1734 (Hoet, i. 412), No. 38 (200 
florins). 

503*. A Fine Stable. 

1 6 inches by 20^ inches. 

Sale. Coenraad Baron Droste, The Hague, July 21, 1734 (Hoet, i. 428), 
No. 83 (29 florins 10). 

5037. A Stable. With a horse and figures. 
10 inches by 9 inches. 

Sale. Samuel van Huls, The Hague, September 3, 1737 (Hoet, ii. 480), 
No. 24 (56 florins). 

503^1. A Stable. With many figures and horses. 
1 8 inches by 29^ inches. 

Sale. Count Fraula, Brussels, July 21, 1738 (Hoet, i. 540), No. 248 (305 
florins). 



. A Stable. With horses, waggons, and figures. 
Sale. Amsterdam, April 15, 1739 (Hoet, i. 576), No. 14 (75 florins). 



vin PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 405 

5030. A Large Stable. With eleven figures and five horses. 
2o| inches by 29 inches. 

Sale. Jacob Lopes de Liz, The Hague, March 18, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 73), 
No. 10 (335 florins). 

503/>. A Stable. 

1 6 inches by 22^ inches. 

Sale. Izaak Hoogenbergh, Amsterdam, April 10, 1743 (Hoet, ii. 81), 
No. 12 (430 florins). 

503^. A Stable. With figures, horses, and other animals. 

Sale. Countess van Albemarle, The Hague, October 26, 1744, No. 18 (94 
florins, the widow Van der Cloot). 

503^ A Stable- Yard. With horses rearing or standing still. 
1 8 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, May n, 1756 (Terw. 137), No. 14 (610 florins). 

504. A Stable- Yard (or, Le Cul de Jatte). Sm. 121. Several 
horsemen halt to refresh. Several women and children. 

Canvas, 23! inches by 32^ inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curiosite, i. 337-8. 

Sales. Jacob van der Dussen, Amsterdam, April 12, 1752 (Hoet, ii. 309), 

No. 4 (651 florins). 
Blondel de Gagny, Paris, December 10, 1776, No. 115 (4500 francs). 

504*7. A Post- Waggon going into a Stable. Several figures. 
Panel, 10^ inches by 13 inches. 

Sale. Willem Adrian Taree, The Hague, October I, 1777, No. 4 (28 
florins, Vullings). 

504^. Horses in a Farmyard. An unharnessed horse feeds at a 
manger. Near it a man loads a pack-horse. In front stands a woman 
carrying a child in her arms, with her back to the spectator. Several 
other figures and animals complete the composition. 

Panel, 15 inches by 14 inches. 

Sale. Marquis de Menars, Paris, February 1782, No. 145. 

504*:. A Stable. Various horses, some standing at a manger and 
others being unsaddled by a groom. 
Panel, 13 inches by 17 inches. 

Sale. J. van der Linden van Slingeland, Dordrecht, August 22, 1785, No. 
518 (26 florins, Kielman). 

504^. A Stable. With various horses and figures. By Wouwerman, 
or in his manner. 

Panel, 14^ inches by 2i| inches. 

Sale. M. van der Berg, Rotterdam, June 19, 1786, No. 47 (9 florins, 
Philippi). 

505. Interior of a Stable. Sm. 49. The stable has two large 
entrances. A company of nine figures with several horses. A horseman 



406 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

pays the ostler. A groom holds another horse while the rider pulls up his 
boots. A cock and two hens. 
15 inches by 21 inches. 

Sales. Aved, Paris, November 24, 1766 (2301 francs). 

G. F. J. de Verhulst, Brussels, August 16, 1779, No. 121 (708 

florins). 
Calonne, Paris, April 21, 1788 (2500 francs). 

506. A Stable. Several horses, figures, and other accessories. 
[Probably identical with 506^.] 

Panel, n inches by i6 inches. 

Engraved by Moyreau, according to the sale catalogue, but not to be identi- 
fied with any of his prints, because of the inadequate description. 

Sale. M. de Brouwer, the younger, Brussels, July 31, 1788, No. 3 (560 
florins, Brion or Brian ?). The Brouwer who bought the 
Rijksmuseum " Stable- Yard " (476) at the Wassenaar Obdam 
sale, 1750, was probably another man, and the two pictures are 
probably not identical, as the dimensions given differ too widely. 

506*7. Interior of a Posting- House. 

Sale. A French nobleman, London, 1790 (167 : 155., Tassaert). 

506^. A Stable. On the left a man holds a saddled grey horse, 
while a peasant with a loaded waggon comes into the stable. In front are 
hens, and horses at a manger. 

Canvas, 14 inches by 15^ inches. 

Sale. J. Pekstok, Amsterdam, December 17, 1792, No. 109. 

5o6c. A Stable. 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 204, No. 3. 
In the Orleans collection, 1792 (valued at 220). 

506^. A Stable. [Probably identical with 506.] 

Mentioned by Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting, i. 284. 

Engraved by Moyreau, but not to be identified because of the inadequate 
description. 

Sale. Bryan, London, May 17, 1798, No. 40 (94 : los.). 

506*. A Stable. With several horses. At the side are a horseman, 
and a horse drinking from a pail. Through the open door is seen a fine 
landscape. 

Canvas, 15 inches by 15 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, September 7, 1803, No. 210 (55 florins). 

506/1 A Stable. A groom brings a basket of hay to a grey horse. 
At the back is a horseman. 
Panel, 7 inches by 9 inches. 
Sale. Amsterdam, September 7, 1803, No. 211 (5 florins 50). 

506^. A Stable. In the centre, a saddled grey horse is held by a 



vni PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 407 

groom. Farther away are a lady, a huntsman with dogs, men on horse- 
back, and other figures. 

Panel, i8 inches by 26^ inches. 

Sale Macalester Loup, The Hague, August 20, 1806, No. 86 (210 florins). 

506/1. A Stable. To the right is a cavalier on a grey horse, 
apparently coming from the hunt. In front is another cavalier with a lady. 
Behind them are three saddled horses. 

Canvas, 18 inches by 22 inches. 

Sale. Jos. Valette and others, Amsterdam, August 26, 1807, No. 238 
(3 florins 15). 

507. A Stable. At the entrance a horseman speaks to a woman on 
foot. Two loaded waggons, each drawn by three horses, enter the stable. 
Three unharnessed horses stand at a manger. A boy, a dog, and other 
accessories. 

Panel, 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Sale. Bicker and Wijkersloot, Amsterdam, July 19, 1809, No. 64 (1103 
florins, Schmidt). 

507*. Interior of a Stable. Sm. 253. With figures and horses. 
Sale. Sir H. Gott, Bart., London, February 24, 1810 (72 : 93.). 

507^. Interior of a Stable. Horsemen mounted and on foot, dogs, 
a goat, and other accessories. 

Canvas, 12 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 13, 1812, No. 135 (6 florins 5, Dupr6). 

507^-. A Stable. With horses and riders. 
Panel, 14 inches by 16 inches. 

Sale. Amsterdam, July 1812, No. 139 (2 florins, Ypern). 

507^. An Open Stable. Horses saddled and unsaddled. In front is 
a fine grey horse with its rider, and accessories. 
Panel, i6| inches by 29! inches. 

Sale M. Watering, Amsterdam, September 9, 1813, No. 81 (70 florins, 
Twist). 

508. Interior of a Stable- Yard. Sm. 267. In the middle a 
cavalier and a lady on horseback have halted. Behind them a coach and 
pair comes in at the open door. Outside the entrance, to the right, is a 
vine-clad inn, in front of which stands a girl at a well. Two horsemen 
are seen in the landscape. 

Canvas, about 18 inches by 24 inches. 

Sales. John Humble, London, April 12, 1812 (143 : 173.). 
Ph. Panne, London, March 20, 1819 (210). 

5080. A Stable. A man on a grey horse. [Pendant to 454^.] 
Panel, 8 inches by 10 inches. 

Sale. J. R. van Breuklerswaert, Amsterdam, May 10, 1824, No. 1 6 
pendant to No. 1 5. 



4 o8 PHILIPS WOUWERMAN SECT. 

508^. A Stable. With various accessories. By Wouwerman or in 
his manner. [Compare 511.] 
Panel, 16 inches by 19 inches. 

Sale. Widow of J. H. Telting, born A. M. Jutting, Amsterdam, October 
23, 1824, No. 22 (96 florins, J. de Vries). 

508^. Interior of a Stable. With numerous horses. Through the 
open door is seen a fine landscape. 
Canvas, 14 inches by 18 inches. 

Sale. C. Singendonck, Amsterdam, April 11, 1825, No. 43 (100 florins, 
Jackson). 

509. The Posting-Stable. Sm. 72 ; M. 73. On the left is the 
large open doorway, at which a groom rides a grey horse round a post, to 
which it is attached by a cord. A boy stands at the post. Beyond is a 
man in a cloak. In front on the other side of the door two peasants look 
on. Almost in the centre of the stable is a stallion, facing right. To the 
left of it, behind a pump, two horses stand at a rack with their tails to the 
spectator ; an ostler unsaddles one of them. To the left, in front of the 
grey, a groom rides to the left on a restive white horse, leading another 
horse which he turns round to look at. In the left foreground a little boy 
has been thrown from his seat on a goat. Another boy runs after him. 
"A beautiful example of the master " (Sm.). [Pendant to a picture by 
Berchem.] 

1 6 inches by 20 inches. 

Mentioned by Ch. Blanc, Le Tresor de la Curicuite, i. 1 39. 

Engraved by Moyreau, No. 73, as "L'ficurie de la Poste." 

Exhibited at the British Institution, London, 1828. 

Sale. Julienne, Paris, March 30, 1767 (7545 francs, according to Blanc; 

3520 francs with a picture by Berchem, according to Sm.). 
In the collection of the Earl of Plymouth, Knowle, 1829 (Sm., who valued 
it at 472 :ios.). 

510. Interior of a Stable. Sm. 284. In a spacious stable two 
bay horses and a grey horse stand at a manger to the right. In the left 
centre is a freight- waggon with two horses, on one of which is a rider. 
Farther away is a tilt-waggon with three horses, on the foremost of which 
sits a man. A horseman, of whom a poor woman with a child begs an 
alms, an ostler, boys with a dog, and hens. " This picture, although a 
little dark, is truly admirable for the richness of its composition, in the 
number of the horses and the variety of action they display, the whole of 
which is finished with the most studious care. This is an example of the 
artist's second manner " (Sm.). 

Panel, i8 inches by 25 inches. 

A picture identical in details and of almost the same dimensions was in the 
sale of pictures from Saxony, Amsterdam, May 22, 1765 (Terw. 434), No. 96 
(550 florins). 

Sales. Prince de Ruberapr, Brussels, April 11, 1765 (550 florins) 
according to Sm., but not mentioned by Terw. 



viii PHILIPS WOUWERMAN 409 

P. J. Hogguer, Amsterdam, August 18, 1817, No. 10