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V 



THE CELEBRATION OF THE 

TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTIETH 

ANNIVERSARY 

OF THE 

EOYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON 

JULY 15-19, 1912 



LONDON 

PRINTED FOR THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

AND SOLD BY HUMPHREY MILFORD, AMEN CORNER, E.G. 

1913 




OXFORD : HORACE HART 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 






CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Narrative of the Celebration and List of Delegates ... 1 

Address by the Dean of Westminster ...... 5 

Address by the President of the Royal Socieiy . . ... 8 

Latin Speeches by the Public Orators of the Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge in presenting Delegates for Honorary 

Degrees ....... .... 24 

Addresses of Felicitation ........ 31 

Telegrams and LErrERS 123 

Index 125 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

CELEBRATION OF THE 250iH ANNIVERSARY 

On the 15th of July 1662 a Charter granted by King Charles II 
passed the Great Seal incorporating, under the name of ' The 
Royal Society ', a company of eminent and enthusiastic men who 
for some years had been prosecuting the study of Natural Science, 
or, as it was then termed, Experimental Philosophy. This date 
has accordingly been reckoned to be that of the birth of the 
Society as an organized association. The approach of the 250th 
return of the day suggested that the event was one which might 
appropriately be marked by some special form of commemoration. 
Hence, early in the year 1911 the President and Council of the 
Society determined to make it the occasion of a Celebration 
which should be held at a time as near as might be found 
convenient to that of the Society's birthday on 15th July 
1912. 

As an appropriate permanent memorial of the occasion two 
volumes were undertaken to be prepared and published — (1) a new 
edition of the ' Record ' of the Society and (2) a facsimile repro- 
duction of the pages of signatures of the Fellows in the Charter- 
book, from that of the Royal Founder down to those entered in 
the summer of 1912, 

The ' Record ', as revised, re-arranged, and enlarged, is intended 
to give an account of the foundation and early history of the 
Society with the text of all its Charters; its Statutes with their 
variations down to the present time, the Society's various Trusts, 
lists of its Benefactors, its Presidents and Officers and its Medal- 
lists and Lecturers, with an account of its Library, Portraits, 
Busts, and Medals, likewise full details regarding the existing 
Committees and the various work of the Society. The Chrono- 



2 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

logical Register of the Fellows has been thoroughly revised and 
for the first time made complete. 

The facsimile reproduction of the Signatures has been success- 
fully accomplished by the University Press, Oxford, and has been 
published in a folio volume with the title, ' The Signatures in the 
First Journal-book and the Charter-book of the Royal Society.' 
This interesting volume contains the autographs of the Fellows 
from the first founders down to the present day, and is probably 
the most extensive existing collection of the signatures of dis- 
tinguished leaders in science during the last two centuries and 
a half. Besides the pages of the Charter-book, the volume 
also comprises facsimiles of three pages of the first Journal- 
book of the Society, on which, under date 5th December 1660, 
are inscribed the autograph signatures of the original company 
of men of science and their friends and well-wishers who resolved 
to form themselves into an organized Society, and who, some 
nineteen months later, were incorporated by the King as ' The 
Royal Society '. One of the chief difficulties in the preparation of 
this facsimile volume arose in the decipherment of many of the 
signatures and the compilation of an alphabetical List which 
should give accurately the dates of admission into the Society, 
with the page of the Charter-book on which each signature would 
be found. But in the end every signature was identified, and the 
volume together with the ' Record ' were both ready for dis- 
tribution by the 13th of July, on which day the President and 
Treasurer had the honour of presenting a copy of each volume to 
His Majesty King George V, who was graciously pleased to 
accept them and to express his interest in the forthcoming 
Celebration. Copies of these volumes were subsequently sent to 
the Universities, Academies, and other Institutions that were 
represented at the Anniversary. 

The invitations to be present in London for the purpose of 
attending the Society's Celebration began to be issued in January 
1912. Each Foreign Member and a number of eminent foreign 
men of science who were not ]\Iembers were specially invited, 
and the Universities, Academies, and other learned Institutions in 
the United Kingdom, in the British Dominions beyond the Sea, 
and in all the civilized countries of the world, were each asked to 



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250th ANNIVERSARY 8 

send a delegate. The illuminated Invitation was in Latin and in 
the accompanying form, with the requisite verbal variations in the 
last paragraph when addressed to individual persons. 

It was arranged that the various functions should extend from the 
evening of Monday, July 15th, to the evening of Thursday, 18th. 
The following Diary was printed and placed in the hands of the 
Fellows and visitors before the proceedings began : 

Monday, July 15th. 

Evening Reception of the Delegates in the Rooms of the Royal Society, 
Burlington House, Piccadilly, 8.30 to 11 p.m. The Enquiry Office will 
be open from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. this day, and on application there, 
Delegates and Fellows will obtain all the tickets required for the various 
functions of the Celebration. 

Tuesday, July 16th. 

Commemorative Service in Westminster Abbey ; 12 noon. 

Formal Reception of the Delegates and Presentation of Addresses in the 

Great Library of the Royal Society, 2.30 p.m. 
Banquet in the Guildhall of the City of London, 6.30 for 7 p.m. 

Wednesday, July 17th. 

Visits in the morning to Places of Interest in and near London. 

Garden Party given by Her Grace the Duchess of Northumberland, at Syon 

House, on the Thames (4 to 7 o'clock). 
Conversazione at the Royal Society, "9 o'clock. 

Thursday, July 18th. 

Visits in the morning to Places of Interest in and near London. 

Garden Party at Windsor given by Their Majesties the King and Queen. 

In the evening Dinner Parties ; particulars of which will await Delegates and 

Fellows at Burlington House from the morning of Monday, July 15th, 

onward. 

The foniial Celebration was held in the Rooms of the Royal 
Society in Burlington House. For the convenience of those 
attending it, an Enquiry Office and Post Office were fitted up 
in the adjoining meeting-room of the Geological Society, which 
that Society had kindly lent for the occasion, and where all the 

B 2 



4 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

cards of invitation, tickets, and other documents connected with 
the Celebration were obtainable. 

A number of the Clubs in the west end of London elected 
Foreign and Colonial Delegates Honorary Members during the 
time of the commemoration. A Committee of Ladies was formed 
for the purpose of providing entertainment for ladies accompanying 
delegates, at such times as they would not be present at the 
functions of the Society. The meeting-room of the Royal Society 
was set apart for the use of these ladies. The Ladies' Committee 
took care that some of their number should always be in attend- 
ance in that room at specified hours in order to render every 
assistance in their power. By wearing different coloured badges 
they indicated which of them spoke French,' German, or Italian. 
They organized visits to the Royal Gardens, Kew, and to places of 
interest in London, and some of their number accompanied the 
excursionists. 

A Register was kept in which every Delegate was requested 
to sign his name. This collection of autographs forms an 
interesting record which will be preserved among the Society's 
archives. 

The Royal Society's invitation met with a cordial reception 
aU over the globe. The great majority of the Universities, 
Academies, and other scientific Institutions sent delegates who 
presented congratulatory addresses. In cases where delegation 
was not attempted the addresses arrived by post together with 
many telegrams of felicitation. The following is a brief narrative 
of the proceedings throughout the Anniversary : 



Monday, .July 15th, 1912. 

This being the birthday of the Royal Society the President, 
Council, and Fellows assembled in the evening in their Library 
for the purpose of informally welcoming such of the Delegates as 
had already arrived in London, and settling with them some of 
the arrangements for the more formal reception to be held on the 
following day. A large proportion of visitors were present, though 
some were unable to reach liOndon in time for this meeting. 



250th anniversary 



Tuesday July 16th. 



By arrangement with the Dean and Chapter, a short com- 
memorative service was held at noon in the ancient Abbey of 
Westminster. Assembling in the historic Jerusalem Chamber, 
the President and Council of the Royal Society, in academic 
dress and preceded by the Society's Mace, followed in procession 
the Dean and clergy to the places reserved for them. Seats were set 
apart for the general body of the Fellows, for the Foreign Members, 
and for the Delegates and ladies who had accompanied them. 
The music was arranged and conducted by the organist of the 
Abbey, Sir Frederick Bridge, C.V.O., Mus.Doc. Towards the 
close of the service a short address was given by the Dean, the 
Right Reverend Bishop Ryle, C.V.O., D.D., who, at the request 
of the Society, has permitted it to be printed here. 

Address by the Dean of Westminster. 

1 Esdras iv. 38, 40, 41. Truth abideth, and is strong for ever; she liveth 
and conquereth for evermore. . . . Blessed be the God of truth. . . . And all 
the people then shouted, and said, Great is truth, and strong above all things. 

' Magna est Veritas, et praevalet.' 

' There have been times even within the memory of some who 
are gathered within these walls, when a welcome such as we have 
desired to give in this Abbey to the Members of tlie Royal 
Society on the occasion of its 250th Anniversary, would have 
received but a faint echo from the religious world of this country. 

' The perturbation which took possession of men's minds last 
century at the period of the most startling of the discoveries in 
Natural Science was wont to betray itself too often in ill-considered 
words of fear, impatience, and indignation. Nor need we wonder. 
To quote the words of John Fiske : " The men of the present day 
who have kept pace with the scientific movement are separated 
from the men whose education ended in 1830 by an immeasurably 
wider gulf than ever before divided one progressive generation of 
men from their predecessors." JNlisunderstanding, apprehension, 
and friction were the result. 



6 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

' We look back with regret upon any occasion when the cause 
of truth on any of its many sides has been compromised by the 
attitude of its defenders ; or when the spirit of charity and 
toleration has been forgotten in the wretched atmosphere of 
controversy. 

' Times are changed. I believe I may claim to speak in the 
name of the whole world of contemporary Christian thought, 
when in this Abbey I give expression to the gi-atitude which, as 
a rule, we clergy have little opportunity to render, for the amazing 
enrichment of human thought which has resulted from the patient 
researches of Natural Science during the past two hundred and fifty, 
and in particular during the past eighty, years. We thank God for 
the great and glorious work that has been done by the men of 
science; for the widening of human thought; for the elevation com- 
municated to the methods and ideals of study. " Science," as has 
finely been said by an eminent religious teacher in our own day — 
" science is truly a revelation. . . . Instead of the round world whicli 
cannot be moved, every star that twinkles in the sky becomes 
a fiery sun whirling through the deeps of space. Instead of the 
six days of creation, we look down vistas of time to which 
a thousand years are no more than a watch in the night. Instead 
of repeated acts of creation, we see a mighty chain of life 
stretching upwards from the sea- weeds and the sponges to — where 
shall we put a limit to all-enduring patience and all-sovereign 
goodness ? " * 

' With all humility we express our grateful obligation for the 
benefits which for a quarter of a millennium have been rendered in 
this country by the Royal Society. In no small measui*e it has 
been due to the weight of wise opinion created by its studies and 
observations, that the intellectual life of the people has emei'ged 
so far as it has from the influence of the Middle Ages. The woi'k 
of the Royal Society has tended to elevate and purify thought. 
It is untrammelled by party politics. Its studies overleap the 
barriers of race and language. They make for the peace of the 
world, as well as for the well-being of eveiy class. They con- 
tinually contribute to the promotion of Unity. Truth is one ; 
and however feebly our words may express it, yet we are convinced 

' Gwatkin, Knowledge of God, ii. 275. 



250th ANNIVERSiVRY 7 

that the discoveries of Science discharge a truly prophetic office 
in making known to mankind the facts of the Universe, in which 
we beUeve we may read the record of the Will of the Supreme 
Mind. And in deepest humility we express our conviction that 
the God whose laws are discerned in evolution, gravitation, and 
the conservation of energy is He whose laws will be no less 
clearly discerned in love, forgiveness, and redemption, in the 
spiritual existence and in the gift of immortality. 

' We stand, as it were, bareheaded, while you proclaim to 
a solemnized and attentive world the wonderful mysteries of the 
Universe. You have added sanctity to the knowledge of phe- 
nomena; you have laid deep and lasting the foundations of 
accurate research ; you have quickened intellectual life with the 
enthusiasm for the investigation of truth. You bid us not stand, 
but go forward. 

' In conclusion, let me remind you, while I bring to an end this 
word of welcome to our Abbey, that we revere in this place the 
great names which are famous on your roll of distinction, and 
which are no less famous among the memorials committed to our 
keeping. Newton and Darwin, Herschel and Adams, Humphry 
Davy and AYoodward, Buckland, Lyell and .Joule, William 
Spottiswoode and Stokes and Kelvin, how varied, how illustrious 
is this galaxy of men, so simple in their lives, so potent in their 
influence ! It is not for me to speak. But I suppose we should 
not be wrong to assume that even with the light which the work 
of these great men has shed upon the pathway of the progress of 
mankind, we have only so far travelled a little way out of darkness. 
What may We not in all humility pray for and expect from 
the discoveries of Natural Science in the next two hundred and 
fifty years ? 

' That in the future, as in the past, the work of your Society 
may be blessed to the increase of human knowledge, for the good 
of our fellow creatures, and in the maintenance of just and 
charitable opinion among all classes of the community, is, I am 
sure, the earnest prayer of every man who has the fear of God in 
his heart. 

'"If Reason may not command," said Whichcote, some two 
hundred and fifty years ago, "it will condemn." And it is 



8 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

through the pre-eminent influence of the men of the Royal Society 
in the field of Natural Science, that we believe that Reason, as 
the noblest gift of God to man, will assert its unfailing and bene- 
ficent sway, never ceasing to be touched with the passionate search 
for the secrets of truth and ever fired with the love of our fellow 
creatures, and animated with the generous hope of benefiting them 
through the application of scientific discovery. Magna est Veritas, 
et praevaletJ 

In the afternoon at 2.30 the formal Reception of the Delegates 
took place in the Great Library of the Royal Society, which was 
completely filled. The Delegates were grouped according to the 
countries they represented, these countries being taken in alpha- 
betical order. After the visitors had been marshalled to the seats 
reserved for each country the proceedings began with an address 
fi'om the President, Sir Archibald Geikie, who spoke as follows : 

Address ok the President. 

' On behalf of the Royal Society, I desire to express our warm 
appreciation of the sympathetic response which has been made by 
so many Universities, Academies, and learned Institutions in all 
parts of the world, and by so many distinguished men of science, 
to our invitation to celebrate with us on this occasion the 250th 
birthday of the Society. No more striking proof than is presented 
by this assembly could be given of the reality and cordiality of 
that spirit of frank and loyal co-operation which unites into one 
great brotherhood the students of science in every land and in 
every language. We welcome you. Gentlemen, with our whole 
heart. We appreciate most sincerely the honour which has been 
conferred on the Royal Society by your presence here to-day. We 
greet the Delegates who bring to us the felicitations of some of 
the oldest centres of culture in Europe, which had become famous 
some centuries before our own Society was born. Not less fully 
do we rejoice to meet the Delegates from the younger Institutions 
in our own and other lands, who have come from British dominions 
beyond the seas, from furthest Asia and Africa, and in such numbers 
from the Great Republic across the Atlantic where tlie lamp of 
science now burns with so bright a radiance and in so many 



250th anniversary 9 

centres of growing activity. While it is a proud satisfaction to 
receive among our guests to-day leaders in science whose names 
have become honoured household words in all parts of the globe, 
the gratification is not less to find, among your number, scholars 
who represent the older literary learning, who have been deputed 
to convey to us the congratulations of the time-honoured Univer- 
sities which they adorn. To one and all we return our grateful 
thanks for your presence here at our Celebration. We sincerely 
desire that the few festal days which you are to spend with us 
may be in every way enjoyable to you, so that your impressions 
of your visit to London on this occasion may become a pleasant 
memory which you will care to cherish in the days to come. 

' Two hundred and fifty years seem in some respects no long 
span of time in the course of human history, but the two hundred 
and fifty years across which we look back to-day have been in the 
history of science a period of momentous importance, crowded 
with incident, and full of marvellous achievement. When in 
the earlier decades of the seventeenth centuiy Francis Bacon was 
so cogently insisting on the necessity of studying Nature by the 
careful observation of facts and the testing of conclusions by 
experiment, he made but slight practical impression in England. 
The seed which he sowed did not spring into life until after he 
had passed away. About the middle of the century, however, the 
spirit of eager curiosity and inquiry with regard to the world 
wherein we live, which spread over all civihzed countries, reached 
England also. Nature was still, as it had been from the earliest 
days of mankind, a vast unknown region, full on every hand of 
mystery and wonder. Even the most everyday phenomena 
presented to thoughtful minds problems for which no satisfactory 
solution had been found. The earnest desire to seek an explana- 
tion of some of these familiar phenomena at last induced a re- 
markable group of men in this country to organize themselves 
systematically for the prosecution of that experimental philosophy 
which Bacon had so longed to see pursued. The time, however, 
was not propitious, for it was one of pohtical turmoil and civil war 
in England. The studious men who desired to pursue these 
researches sought refuge from the social strife in the quiet 
investigation of Nature. They met weekly in London, where they 



10 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

discussed many and diA^erse questions in physical and biological 
science, devising and carrying into execution numerous experi- 
ments by which they tried to ascertain the nature and connexion 
of some of the fundamental processes in the economy of this world. 
When the civil connnotions drove them from their meeting-place 
in London, some of the more active and enthusiastic among their 
number sought the shelter of Oxford, where, under the hospitable 
roof of Wadham CoUege, they were able to continue their inquiries. 
' The restoration of the Monarchy in tlie early summer of the 
year 1660, which led to the re-establishment of settled order in 
the country, allowed the resumption of scientific meetings in the 
autumn of that year. With the brighter prospects of peace 
before them, the philosophers assembled once more in the 
picturesque Gresham College in the city of London, and for the 
better accomplishment of their aims they determined to form 
themselves into a definite Society with a regular organization and 
a common fund from which the cost of experiments could be 
defrayed. Had they restricted the membership of their proposed 
Society to men of science, properly so called, their number would 
hardly have exceeded two score. But with commendable fore- 
sight they took advantage of the prevalent spirit of curiosity 
regarding the secrets of Nature, and gathered round them 
a company of three times their own number comprising prominent 
representatives of the Church, of Law, of Medicine, of Politics, 
and of the Public Services. Their adherents included also men 
of letters, and it is specially noteworthy that among these were 
the foremost poets in the England of that day — John Dryden, 
Edmund A\'aller, John Denham, Abraham Cowley, WiUiam 
Hammond, and Thomas Stanley. This brilliant assemblage of 
the intellect and learning of the time soon attracted the notice and 
the active sympathy of King Charles H, who himself had his full 
share of the widespread contagion of curiosity and inquiry. He 
attended some of the meetings of the infant Society, and on the 
15th July 1662 granted to it a Charter of Incorporation with the 
name of " The Royal Society " and the definite constitution under 
which it is still governed. That date was thus regarded as the 
birthday of the Society which, after the lapse of two centuries and 
a half, we are met to-day to celebrate. 



250th anniversary 11 

' The career of the Royal Society is fully recorded in its various 
pubUcations. Its "Philosophical Transactions" and "Proceedings", 
and likewise the separate works which it has issued, form a chro- 
nicle from which the successive stages in the progress of modern 
science can be followed. The enumeration of only a few of the 
names which appear in these volumes shows that the Society has 
counted among its Fellows some of the great leaders in all branches 
of Natural Knowledge. Starting its career with a notable group of 
physicists and mathematicians, amongwhom were Robert Boyle and 
John Wilkins, it ere long welcomed Isaac Newton into its ranks, 
published his immortal " Principia", and annually elected him as 
its President for nearly a quarter of a century. The physical 
sciences have all along been strongly represented here. It seems 
but yesterday that James Clerk Maxwell's voice was heard in 
these rooms and that Stokes and Kelvin sat in the presidential 
chair. That the succession of leaders is still well maintained, the 
presence here to-day of Lord Rayleigh, Sir William Crookes, Sir 
Joseph Thomson, Sir Joseph I^armor, and many others amply 
proves. Nor have the biological sciences been less prominent in 
the work of the Society. From the early days of John Ray down to 
those of Charles Darwin, Hooker, Huxley and Lister, every branch 
of biology has been illustrated and advanced by our Fellows. 

'As Science knows no restriction of countiy or language, the 
Royal Society has from its earliest beginning cultivated friendly 
relations with fellow workers in research all over the world. The 
first list of original members includes the honoured name of the 
physicist and astronomer Huygens, some of whose gifts to us we 
still possess ; and from that time till now the Society has been 
proud to inscribe on the roll of its Foreign Members the names of 
the most illustrious exponents of science in each generation. It 
has been glad also to recognize distinction by the award of its 
medals far beyond the bounds of the British Dominions. At the 
same time the Academies and Universities of other lands have 
ever shown a generous recognition of the labours of the Fellows 
of the Royal Society, honouring them by electing them into their 
membership or by conferring upon them academic degi-ees. This 
confraternity of the commonwealth of science reaches to-day the 
climax of its manifestation in our experience, when we receive 



12 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

delegates from so many countries who by their presence here ex- 
press the sympatliy and goodwill of the various institutions which 
they represent. To these institutions, venerable and youthful, 
a formal expression of our grateful appreciation will in due course 
be transmitted. In the meantime I will conclude these opening 
remarks by again thanking you for your presence here to-day and 
bidding you a cordial welcome to the halls of the Royal Society.' 

The presentation of Addresses from the various Institutions 
represented then began. The delegations, as arranged in the 
alphabetical order of the countries represented by them, are given 
in the following hst. As it would have been impossible that the 
Addresses should be read at the meeting, one delegate from each 
country was selected who should briefly express the friendly 
feelings of his compatriots. The Addresses themsehes will be 
found in extenso from p. 31 to p. 122 of this volume. 



2501H ANNIVERSARY 18 



List of Delegates attending the Celebration. 

EUROPE. 

Austria-Hungary. 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, 

Vienna 
Bohemian Karl-Ferdinand Univer- Prof. Dr. Frantisek Vejdovsky, Rector. 

sity, Prague 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, Cra- Prof. Dr. Leo Marchlewski. 

cow 
Royal Hungarian University, Buda- Prof. Izidor Friihlich, Rector. 

pest 

Belgium. 

University of Louvain . . . Prof. A. de Hemptinne. 
Royal Academy of Sciences, Brussels Prof. Louis Dollo. 

Denmark. 

L^niversity of Copenhagen . . Prof Hector F. E. Jungersen. 
Royal Danish Society of Science, Prof. Eug. Warming. 
Copenhagen 

France. 

University of Paris . . . Prof.EmilePicard, Membredel'Institut. 

Academy of Sciences, Institute of Mons. Gabriel Lippmann, President. 
France, Paris , Prof Charles Barrois, Membre de 

rinstitut. 
Observatory, Paris . . . Mons. Henri Deslandres, Membre de 

rinstitut. 
Mons. A. Haller, Membre de I'lnstitut. 
French Society of Physics, Paris . Mons. E. B. Baillaud, Membre de 

rinstitut. 
Botanical Society of France, Paris . Mons. Philippe de Vilmorin. 
Chemical Society of France, Paris . Mons. Hanriot, President. 
University of Bordeaux . . . Prof A. Pitres. 

National Academy of Bordeaux . Prof. A. Pitres. 
LTniversity of Clermont-Ferrand . Prof Pellet. 
University of Lille . . . Prof. A. Schatz. 

University of Nancy . . . M. Ch. Adam,'Rector. 
University of Toulouse . . . Prof Jules Drach. 



14 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Europe — continued. 



Germany. 



University of Berlin 



University of Bonn 
University of Breslau 
University of Erlangen . 
University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau 
University of Giessen 
University of Giittingen 
University of Greifswald 
University of Halle 
University of Heidelberg 
University of Konigsberg 
University of Leipzig 

University of Marburg . 
University of Munich 
University of Miinster . 
University of Rostock . 
University of Strasburg 
University of Tubingen . 
Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, 

Berlin 
Royal Society of Sciences, Giittingen 
Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences, 

Munich 



Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Dr. Otto 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof. Dr. 
Prof Dr. 
Prof Dr. 
Prof Dr. 



W. Waldeyer. 

W. Nenist. 

H. Kayser. 

Adolf Kneser, Rector. 

Vamhagen. 

Oskar Bolza. 

Walter Kiinig. 

Woldemar Voigt, Rector. 

Jaekel. 

J. Veit. 

G. Quincke. 

G. Winter. 

Eduard Sievers. 

W. Ostwald. 

Eugen Korschelt. 

von Groth. 

Karl Busz. 

Rudolf Hiibner, Rector. 

J. Picker. 

H. von Vochting. 

H. Rubens. 



Prof. Dr. O. Wallach. 
Prof. Dr. von Groth. 



University of Athens 



University of Rome 
University of Bologna 
University of Palermo 
University of Pisa . 
University of Padua 
Royal Academy dei Lincei, Rome 

Royal Academy della Crusca, 

Florence 
Royal Lombard Institute of Science 

and Letters, Milan 



Greece. 

. Prof. Andrew Andreadis. 

Italy. 
Prof Vito Volterra. 



Prof. Giovanni Guccia. 

Prof Marchese E. Patemo di Sessa. 
Conte Ugo Balzani. 

Prof Vito Volterra. 



250th anniversary 15 

E u ROi'E — continued. 

Royal Society of Naples . . Sir Archibald Geikie, K.C.B., P.U.S. 

Zoological Station, Naples . . Prof, lleinhard Dohrn. 
Royal Academy of Sciences, Turin . Lord Rayleigh, O.M., F.R.S. 

Monaco. 
Oceanographical Institute . . Mr. J. Y. Buchanan, F.R.S. 

NeTHEH LANDS. 

University of Amsterdam . . Prof. C. Winkler, Rector Magnificus. 

University of Groningen . . Prof. G. C. Nijhoff, Rector. 

University of Leyden . . . Dr. F. Pijper, Rector. 

University of Utrecht . . . Dr. A. A. Nyland, Rector Magnificus. 

Royal Academy of Sciences, Am- Prof. P. Zeeman, Secretary. 

sterdam 

Dutch Society of Sciences, Haarlem . Dr. J. P. Lotsy, Perpetual Secretary. 

Batavian Society of Experimental Dr. R. H. van Dorsten, Secretary. 

Philosophy, Rotterdam 

Norway. 

Royal University of Norway, Chris- Prof. Waldemar Brcigger. 

tiania 
Academy of Sciences, Christiania . Prof. H. Mohn, President. 

Portugal. 
Academy of Sciences, Lisbon . .Mr. Edgar Prestage. 

Russia. 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, St. Dr. O. Backlund. 
Petersburg Prince Boris Galitzin. 

Prof. I. P. Pawlow. 
University of Moscow . . . Prof. A. P. GoubarofF. 
University of Dorpat (Juriew) . Prof. Alexander Ivanovic Jarockij. 

University of Warsaw . . . Prof P. I. Mitrophanow. 

Finland. 

University of Finland, Helsingfors . Prof. Anders Donner, Rector. 
Finnish Society of Sciences, Helsing- Prof. J. J. Sederholm. 
fors 

Spain. 

Royal Academy of Sciences, Madrid Prof. Rodriguez Carracido. 



16 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Europe — continued. 
Sweden. 

University of Lund . . . Prof. C. W. L. Charlier. 
University of Stockholm . . Baron Gerard de Geer, Pro-Rector. 

University of Upsala . . . Prof. Allvar GuUstrand. 
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Count K. A. H. Miirner, Vice-President. 
Stockholm 

Switzerland. 

University of Berne . . Prof Th. Studer. 

University of Geneva . . . Prof. E. Naville. 
Helvetic Society of Natural Sciences, 

Berne 
Federal Technical High School, Prof. P. Weiss. 

Zurich 



EGYP1\ 



University of Egypt, Cairo 



Gordon College, Khartoum 



H.H. Prince Ahmed Fouad Pacha, Pi-esi- 

dent-Rector. 
Dr. James Currie, Principal. 



Imperial University, Tokio 
Imperial University, Kyoto 



-JAPAN. 



Prof. R. Fujisawa. 
Prof. Jisaburo Yokobori. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



University of California . 

University of Chicago 

Clark University, Worcester . 

Columbia University, New York 

Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. 

Harvard University 

Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more 

Leland Stanford Junior University, 
California 

University of Michigan . 

University of Minnesota, Minnea- 
polis 

University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 
delphia 

University of Princeton, New Jersey 



Prof. H. C. Plummer. 

Prof. E. B. Frost. 

Prof Arthur G. Webster. 

Dr. N. Murray Butler, President. 

Prof. J. H. Comstock. 

Prof. B. O. Peirce. 

Prof. W. Bullock Clark. 

Prof. Vernon L. Kellogg. 

Prof. William H. Hobbs. 
Dr. Arthur Hamilton. 

Dr. Edgar F. Smith, Provost. 

Prof. John G. Hibben, President. 



250th anniversary 17 

United States of America — continued. 

University of Wisconsin . . Prof. Charles K. Leith. 

Yale University .... Dr. Arthur Twining Hadley, President. 

American Academy of Arts and Prof. Edwin H. Hall, 

Sciences, Boston 
Connecticut Academy of Sciences Prof. Ernest W. Brown, F.R.S. 

and Arts 
American Mathematical Society, Prof. H. B. Fine, President. 

New York 
American Philosophical Society, Prof. W. B. Scott, Vice-President. 

Philadelphia 
Franklin Institute, Philadelphia . Major G. O. Squier. 
California Academy of Sciences, Mr. Joseph D. Grant. 

San Fransisco 
Carnegie Institution, Washington . Dr. R. S. Woodward, President. 
National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Arnold Hague, Secretary. 

Washington 
Smithsonian Institution, Washing- Dr. Arnold Hague. 

ton 
Washington Academy of Sciences . Dr. L. O. Howard. 

MEXICO. 
National University of Mexico . Dr. G. C. Martinez. 

BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS 

Australia. 

University of Adelaide . . . Prof. H. Lamb, F.R.S. 

University of Melbourne . . Prof. Henry Laurie. 

University of Sydney, New South Prof. T. P. Anderson Stuart. 

Wales 

Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart Dr. Gregory Sprott. 

Royal Society of Victoria, Melbourne Mr. J. R. Hogg. 

Royal Society of New South Wales, Mr. Charles Hedley. 

Sydney 

Canada. 

McGill University, Montreal . . Lord Strathcona, Chancellor. 

Dr. W. Peterson, Principal. 
University of Toronto . . . Mr. R. A. Falconer, President. 
Queen's University, Kingston, On- Prof. John Watson, 
tario 



18 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Beitish Dominions beyond the Seas — continued. 

University of New Brunswick, Dr. C. C. Jones, Chancellor. 

Fredericton, N.B. 

University of Manitoba, Winnipeg Prof. Swale Vincent. 

University of Ottawa . . . The Rev. Dr. Roy, Rector. 

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa . Sir Gilbert Parker, M.P. 

Nova Scotian Institute of Science, Prof. J. G. MacGregor, F.R.S. 

Halifax, N.S. 



India. 



H.H. Maharaj Rana Sir Bhawani 
Singh, Bahadur of Jhalawar, 
K.C.S.I., Rajputana 

University of Allahabad 

University of Bombay . 

University of Calcutta . 

University of Madras 

Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta 

Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental Col- 
lege of Aligarh 

Indian Institute of Science 



Rai Bahadur G. N. Chakravati. 

Dr. F. G. Selby, late Vice-Chancellor. 

Prof. P. C. Ray. 

Dr. A. C. Mitchell. 

Mr. G. H. Tipper, Hon. Secretary. 

Sir Theodore Morison, K.C.I.E. 

Dr. M. W. Travers, F.R.S., Director. 



South Africa. 

Universityof the Cape of Good Hope Prof. A. H. MacKenzie. 

Natal University College, Pieter- The Hon. J. C. Dove W^ilson. 

niaritzburg 

RoyalSociety of South Africa . Sir David Gill, K.C.B., F.R.S. 



BRITISH ISLES 

England and Wales. 



University of Oxford 

„ „ Wadham College 

University of Cambridge 
University of London 

University of Birmingham 

University of Bristol 

University of Durham (Armstrong 

College) 
University of Leeds 



Dr. C. B. Hebcrden, Vice-Chancellor. 

Rev. P. A. Wright-Henderson, D.D., 
Warden. 

Lord Rayleigh.O.M., F.R.S., Chancellor. 

Dr. Wilmot Parker Herringham, Vice- 
Chancellor. 

Sir Oliver Lodge, F.R.S., Principal. 

Prof. Lloyd Morgan, F.R.S. 

Sir George H. Philipson, Vice-Chan- 
cellor. 

Mr. M. E. Sadler, Pro-Chancellor. 



250th anniversary 



19 



BarnsH Isles — contimied. 



University of Liverpool . 
University of Manchester 
University of Sheffield . 

University of Wales 

Royal College of Physicians . 

Royal College of Surgeons 
London Society of Antiquaries 
„ British Academy 
„ British Museum 



>? 
>» 
»» 



) 



Chemical Society 

Entomological Society 

Geological Society 

Geological Survey of Great 
Britain 

Institute of Chemistry 

Institution of Civil Engi- 
neers 

Institution of Electrical 



Prof W. A. Herdman, F.R.S. 

Sir Alfred Hopkinson, Vice-Chancellor, 

Prof W. M. Hicks, F.R.S., Acting 
Vice-Chancellor. 

Sir H. Reichel Vice-Chancellor. 

Sir Thomas Barlow, Bart., F.R.S., Presi- 
dent. 

Sir Rickman J. Godlee, Bart., President. 

Sir Charles H. Read, President. 

Dr. A. W. Ward, President, 

The Rt. Hon. The Speaker. 

Sir F. G. Kenjon, K.C.B., Director. 

Dr. L. Fletcher, F.R.S., Director of 
Natural His Lory Museum. 

Prof. P. F. Frankland, F.R.S., President. 

The Rev. F. D. Morice, President. 

Dr. A. Strahan, F.R.S., President. 

Dr. J. J. H. Teall, F.^.S., Director. 

Prof. R. Meldola, F.R.S., President. 
Mr. R. Elliott-Cooper, Vice-President. 

Mr. S. Z. de Ferranti, President. 



Engineers 



Institution of 

Engineers 
Iron and Steel Institute 
Linnean Society 
Lister Institute of Pre- 
ventive Medicine 
Mathematical Society 
Mercers' Company 
Mineralogical Society 
Pharmaceutical Society 
Physical Society 
Royal Academy of Arts 
Royal Agricultural Society 
Royal Anthropological In- 
stitute 
Royal Army Medical College 
Royal Astronomical Society 



Mechanical Mr. E. B. Ellington, President. 



Mr. Arthur Cooper, President. 

Prof E. B. Poulton, F.R.S. 

The Rt. Hon. Sir H. E. Roscoe, F.R.S., 

Chairman. 
Dr. H. F. Baker, F.R.S., President. 
Mr. Horace Cullen, Master. 
Prof W. J. Lewis, F.R.S. 
Mr. C. B. Allen, President. 
Prof Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., President. 
Sir Edward Poynter, Bart., President. 
Lord Middleton, President. 
Mr. Alfred P. Maudslay, President. 

Col. B. Skinnei', Commandant. 
Mr. F. W. Dyson, F.R.S., President. 
(• 2 



20 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



British Islks — continued. 



London Royal Geographical Society 
„ Royal Horticultural Society 
„ Royal Institute of British 

Architects 
„ Royal Institution of Great 

Britain 
„ Royal Meteorological So- 
ciety 
„ Royal Microscopical Society 
„ Royal Society of Arts 
„ Royal Society of Medicine . 
„ Royal Statistical Society . 
„ Royal United Service Insti- 
tution 
„ Zoological Society 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science 
Cambridge Philosophical Society . 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 

Falmouth 
Royal Observatory, Greenwich 

Manchester Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society 
Ordnance Survey, Southampton 
Ashmolean Society of Oxford 
National Physical Laboratory 
Society of Chemical Industry 



Major Leonard Darwin, Vice-President. 
Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart., President. 
Mr. Reginald Blomfield, President. 

Dr. Donald W. C. Hood. 

Dr. H. N. Dickson, President. 

Mr. H, G. Plimmer, F.R.S., President. 
Lord Sanderson, G.C.B., Chairman. 
Sir Henry Morris, Bart., President. 
Lord George Hamilton, G.C.S.I. 
Col. Sir Lonsdale Hale. 

The Duke of Bedford, K.G., F.R.S., 

President. 
Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B., F.R.S., 

President. 
Sir George Darwin, K.C.B., F.R.S., 

President. 
Lord St. Levan. 

Rear-Admiral H. E. Purey-Cust, 

Hydrographer to the Navy. 
Prof. F. E. Weiss, President. 

Col. C. F. Close, Director-General. 
Dr. A. A. Rambaut, F.R.S., President. 
Mr. R. Kaye Gray. 
Dr. Rudolph Messel, F.R.S., President. 



Scotland. 



University of Aberdeen . 
University of Edinburgh 
University of Glasgow . 

University of St. Andrews 
Royal Society of Edinburgh . 
Royal Philosophical Society 
Glasgow 



of 



Rev. Dr. G. Adam Smith, Principal. 

Prof. Jam&s Geikie, F.R.S. 

Sir Donald MacAlister, K.C.B., Vice- 

Chancellor. 
Prof. J. C. Irvine. 
Prof. A. Crura Brown, F.R.S, 
Prof. John Glaister, President. 



250th anniversary 21 

Beitish 181^:8 — contimted. 
Ibkland. 
University of Dublin (Trinity Prof. J. Joly, F.R.S. 

College) 
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin . Prof. J. A. McClelland, F.R.S., Secre- 

tary. 
Royal Dublin Society . . .Sir Howard Grubb, F.R.S., Vice-Presi- 
dent. 
Queen's University of Belfast . . Prof. J. Symington, F.R.S. 
National University of Ireland, Dr. Alexander Anderson. 
Dublin 

On the evening of July 16th the 250th anniversary of the 
Royal Society was celebrated by a Dinner held in the ancient 
Guildhall of London, which was attended by 490 guests. Besides 
the representative Delegates whose names are given in the fore- 
going list (p. 13) the company included a large number of the 
Fellows of the Society, several members of the Government, the 
Ambassadors of France, Italy, and Japan, the Archbishops of 
Canterbury and York, Cardinal Bourne, the Dean of Westminster, 
the Moderator of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Chief Justice 
of England, the Master of the Rolls, the Lord Justice Clerk of 
Scotland, and representatives of literature, art, and science. After 
the usual loyal toasts the toast of ' The Royal Society ' was given 
by Mr. Asquith, the Prime Minister, and was responded to by the 
President. The ' Universities at Home and Abroad ' were pro- 
posed by Viscount Morley, Lord President of the Council, and 
responses were given by Professor Emile Picard, of the Institute 
of France, Professor Waldeyer, of the University of Berlin, and 
Professor \^''inkler, Rector of the University of Amsterdam. The 
toast of the ' Learned Societies in the Old World and the New ' 
was proposed by His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbuiy, and 
was replied to by the Marchese E. Paterno di Sessa, of the 
Accademia dei Lincei, Rome, Prince Boris Galitzin, of the 
Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg, and Dr. R. S. Woodward, 
President of the Carnegie Institution, Washington. The last 
toast, that of the ' City of London ', was proposed by Dr. Peterson, 
Principal of McGill University, Montreal ; and, in the unavoidable 
absence of the Lord Mayor of London, a reply was made by the 
Right Honourable Sir T. Vezey Strong, the previous Lord JSlayor. 



22 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Wednesday, Juey 17th, 

The morning of this day was set apart for visits to places of 
interest in London, such as Lambeth Palace, Westminster Abbey, 
the British Museum, Bloomsbury, the Natural History Museum, 
South Kensington, and the ^^ictoria and Albert Museum. 
Arrangements were made by which the several parties of visitors 
were conducted over these and other institutions, and the chief 
features of each were pointed out by the resident officials. 

In the afternoon the Duke and Duchess of Northumberland 
gave a Garden Party at Syon House, their residence on the 
Thames, to which the Delegates and Fellows of the Royal Society 
with their ladies were invited. As the weather was brilliantly 
fine, a large company assembled in the pictin-esque grounds and 
enjoyed the summer beauty of an English park. 

In the evening a Conversazione was held in the rooms of the 
Royal Society at Burlington House, which was numerously 
attended. Among the objects of interest presented on the 
occasion attention was specially directed to the large collection of 
portraits hung on the walls of the tea-room and meeting-room. 
In the short handbook which was supplied to the company 
a brief account of each picture was given. The portraits are 
valuable not only as likenesses of eminent men who have been 
connected with the Royal Society, but not a few of them also as 
works of art. On the walls of the tea-room hang contemporary 
portraits of Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton, Robert Boyle, .John 
Wallis, John Wilkins, Christopher Wren, John Flamsteed, 
Edmund Halley, .John Locke, and other early Fellows of the 
Society. The meeting-room contains portraits of more recent 
Presidents. Among the exhibits shown on this occasion were 
the apparatus devised by IVIr. C. T. R. Wilson for making visible 
the tracks of ionizing particles of vapour condensed upon the ions 
set free along the paths ; and also some Cloud-photographs showing 
the nature of the ionization produced by diffiarent kinds of rays. Sir 
WilUam Crookes exhibited his historical collection of Radiometers 
and Otheoscopes. Mr. C. V. Boys showed his instrument for 
experimenting with rotating soap-films. Some of the historical 
relics in the possession of the Society were likewise displayed, 
including Robert Boyle's air-pump, Huygens' aerial or tubeless 



250th anniversary 2iB 

telescope, Newton's original account of his Reflecting Telescope, 
dated January 1672, and some instruments that belonged re- 
spectively to Christopher Wren, Joseph Priestley, Captain James 
Cook, and Charles Darwin. 

Thursday, July 18th. 

The arrangements for the morning were similar to those of the 
morning of the previous day. In the afternoon, the President, 
Council, and Delegates went by railway to Windsor, where, by 
the King's command, they were first conducted to St. George's 
Chapel and thence through the State apartments of the Castle, 
where the visitors had an opportunity of seeing the treasures of 
art collected by successive sovereigns of England. The whole 
company was marshalled on the terrace overlooking the gardens, 
the same geographical arrangement of the Delegates being 
maintained as at the presentation of addresses in Burlington 
House. The King and Queen then came down to the terrace, 
and the President, Treasurer, and Secretaries of the Royal Society 
were presented to their Majesties by the Lord Chamberlain. 
The Delegates were then presented in succession to their Majesties 
by the President. After the ceremony of presentation, the 
company joined the large Garden Party which their Majesties had 
invited to Windsor on the occasion, and the King and Queen, 
conversing with their guests on the way, passed to the Royal Tent. 

As the whole Celebration was to end on the evening of this 
day arrangements were made for a series of farewell dinners, 
smaller and less fonnal than the large banquet in the Guildhall, 
when the hospitality could be mingled with more general 
friendly intercourse. A number of the Fellows gave parties, at 
which Delegates and the ladies accompanying them could see 
a little of English homes. The other Delegates were entertained 
by the Royal Society Club, a dining club connected with the 
Society for some two hundred years. At these various parties much 
pleasant conversation took place, the friendships which had been 
begun on the previous days were further strengthened, and the 
Fellows of the Royal Society bade their guests farewell with the 
assurance that the Celebration had passed off as successfully as 
could have been desired. 



24 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

The various functions an-anged by the Royal Society were now 
completed, but reference should be made to the sympathetic 
action of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge in organizing 
an additional day and inviting a considerable number of Foreign 
and Colonial Delegates, together with a few Fellows of the Society, 
to partake of the hospitality of these two ancient seats of learning. 
On the morning of Friday, the 19th, two parties, about equal in 
number, left London for Oxford and Cambridge respectively. At 
Oxford the guests took luncheon at All Souls College, with the 
Chancellor of the University, Lord Curzon, and the Warden and 
FeUows as hosts. A garden-party in the afternoon at Wadham 
was full of interest in connexion with the association of this 
College with the early history of the Royal Society. The 
Warden gave the visitors a brief address in the Lodge wherein 
the meetings of the early founders of the Society were held when, 
owing to the political troubles of the middle of the seventeenth 
century, they could no longer be held in London. At Cambridge 
similar hospitality was shown to the guests by the Master and 
Fellows of St. John's College. 

At both Universities Honorary Degrees were conferred on 
a few of the more distinguished men who had attended the 
Celebration of the Royal Society. As a permanent and interesting 
record of the visits of this day, the Latin eloges pronounced by 
the Public Orator of each University are here given. Those at 
Oxford (by Mr. A. D. Godley) were as follow : 

OXFORD 

Jons Oscar Backlund, Central Observatory, Poulkovo. 

Hodie eos hospitio excipimus qui Regiam illam Societatem ducentos et 
quinquaginta annos peractos celebrantem votis et gratulationibus salutatuin 
venerunt : quos igitur fautrix et altrix naturalis scientiae Universitas Oxo- 
niensis oblata facultate quoad potest titulis exoptat ornare. Ex his primus 
ad vos accedit qui antiquissimam omnium scientiam profitetur. Hie origine 
Suecanus postea in Russiam invitatus migravit : ibi et aliarum turrium astris 
observandis exstruetarum et praecipue cius quae est apud Pulkowenses curani 
suscepit. Quod si quid de studiis eius loqui audere possum, haec nomine certe 
eos referre videntur qui longe aliam illi (juidem scientiam e caeli motibus olim 
deduxerunt : est enim matliematicus et niathematicas praesertim rationes 



250th anniversary 25 

astronomiae adhibet. His artibus Enckiani illius cometae cursum et veloci- 
tatem est emensus : propter quod insignissimo praemio Astronomica nostra 
Societas honiinem doctissimum ornavit. Nunc vero habet illud quoque 
meritorum testimonium, quod Academiarum illius concilii, quod mox Petro- 
poli conventurum esse audimus, Praeses est nuper electus, Praesento ergo 
vobis JoHANNEM OsKAR Backhind, Turris Speeulatoriae Principalis inter 
Pulkowenses Curatorem, ut admittatur ad gradum Doctoris in Scientia, honoris 
causa. 

Waldemar C. Bkogger, University of Christiania. 

Eum ad vos duco qui ut geologicae scientiae nullum fere non genus 
tetigit, ita in rupium praecipue et saxorum structura atque dementis 
scrutandis mirabilem peritiam atque eruditionem praestitit. Namque patriae 
suae litorum et montium formas inspiciendo ea se cognitione imbuit ut 
priscarum illarum terrae marisque mutationum velut imaginem exprimere 
potuerit : quod qui scripta eius legerit, is glaciei paulatim recedentis tractus 
et Oceani modo prolatos modo coartatos fines velut oculis praesens aspicere 
videatiir. Quid quaeritis ? nihil nisi eruditissime idem et disertissime exposuit : 
novas reruni leges tulit et probavit : quamque alii in singulis geologiae parti- 
bus diligentiam exercent hie toti illi scientiae adhibuit. Propter illud autem 
vix minorem laudem mereri videtur, quod his studiis non otio et securitate 
a ceteris curis remotum se dedit, sed curiae suae consiliis et regendae 
Universitatis negotiis distractum atque occupatum. 

Itaque cum nemo huius temporis in ea quam profitetur scientia cum maiore 
laude sit versatus, — id quod insigne illud Wollastonianum nuper ei a doctis 
viris collatum testatur, — praesento vobis Waldemarum Christophorum 
Broggeu, Mineralogiae et Geologiae Professorem in Universitate Christianiensi, 
Rectorem eiusdem Universitatis, ut admittatur ad gradum Doctoris in Scientia, 
honoris causa. 

William B. Scorr, University of Princeton. 

Quod in antiquiore orbis terrarum parte a viris magni nominis iam est factum 
hie quem videtis in America cuius reipublicae civis est primus efFecit. Nam 
cum alii geologistae aliis scientiae suae partibus se dederint, hie illuc potissi- 
mum incubuit ut quaenam fuerint ea saecla animantum exquireret quae terras 
nondum in s|)eciem quam videmus informatas colebant : vestigia eorum 
e remotissima antiquitate conservata et inclusas ipsis rupibus reliquias 
enucleavit et in lucem produxit : unde nos modo monstroruni magnitudinem 
miramur modo notorum hodie animalium fontem atque originem agnoscimus. 
Quibus rebus inveniendis nmltuni laboris suscepit : iinmo in ipsa Patagonia, 
qua terrarum regione nihil potest esse ab humanitate seiunctius, tres continuos 
habitavit annos. Nemo tenebras et crepuscula mundi latiore visu amplexus 
est, nemo reperta in rationum formam prudentius composuit. Haec ut 



26 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

doctorum viroriim consensu ita praecipue Geologicae nostrae Societatis iudicio 
eomprobantur : namque ea singular! honore et praeinio ingeniosissimum 
hominem nuper omavit. Quare praesento vobis Willelmum Bereyman Scott, 
Geologiae et Palaeontologiae Professorem Blairianum in Universitate Prince- 
tonensi, ut admittatur ad gradum Doctoris iu Scientia, honoris causa. 

WiLHELM Waldeyer, University of Berlin. 

Quid est dignius quod ab academicis honoretur quam continuus vitae cursus 
uno tenore scientiae finibus proferendis deditus ? Hie enim quern videtis ex 
ineunte aevo in anatomiae studio elaboravit, cuius rei est hodie professor : 
annum agimus quinquagesimum ex quo primum reperta sua litteris mandare 
coeperat : neque postea uUus est secutus quin idem comnicntariis et libellis 
edendis industriam suam atque eruditionem indicaret. In quo temporis spatio 
permagnam rerum varietatem scribendo ti'actavit : modo ovorum partum et 
generationem animalium, modo oculos et visus rationem studiis et investiga- 
tionibus amplexus est : vix ullam denique quaestionem quae modo ad corporis 
humani structuram pertineret intactam reliquit. Neque a doctis hominibus 
tantum haec laudantur, sed et omnibus profuerunt : multum enim qui medendi 
artem profitentur sunt huius lucubrationibus et consiliis adiuti. Praesento 
ergo vobis Willelmum Waldeyeb, Imperatoris Germanici in Medicina con- 
siliarium, Anatomiae Professorem et Anatomici Collegii in Universitate 
Berolinensi rectorem, ut admittatur ad gi-adum Doctoris in Scientia, honoris 
causa. 

Peter Zeeman, University of Amsterdam. 

Hominem ingeniosissimum et multum experimentis ausum vobis praesento. 
Et quoniam in hoc doctorum virorum consessu loqui posse mihi videor 
liberius, quae praecipua fuerit eius famae causa paucis (advcrtite) docebo. 
Nam cum ignis ardentis lumen per vitrum lineis distinctuni ita transmitti 
sciatis ut non omnes lineae sed secundum eius rei qua utitur naturam aliae 
alias immisso lumine fulgeant : hie si vim magnetoelectricam igni adhibueris 
commixtos una omnes spectri quod vocant colores in singulis lineis apparere 
experiendo demonstravit. Hoc repertum niaximi momenti ab iis haberi quibus 
cura est primordia rerum quali natura praedita constent investigare, omnes 
necesse est agnoscant. Itaque cum hie non modo in lucis ratione elaboraverit 
verum etiam ad mundi totius naturae cognitionem multum contulisse videatur, 
magnum inter omnes physicistas nomen et laudem consecutus est : neque est 
quisquam dignior quem titulo aliquo hoc praesertim die ornemus. Praesento 
igitur vobis Peteum Zeemak, Physicae Professorem in Universitate Amstelo- 
damensi, ut admittatur ad gradum Doctoris in Scientia, honoris causa.^ 

' Dr. Gabriel Lippmann, For. Memb. R. S., President of the Academy of Sciences of 
Paris, was to have been inchided among those who received Honorary Degrees, but the 
sudden death of Professor Poincare recalled him at once to France. 



250th anniversary 27 



CAMBRIDGE 

The following are the speeches delivered by the Public Orator 
(Sir John Sandys) in welcoming the Delegates, on their visit to 
Cambridge, and in presenting to the Chancellor (Lord Rayleigh) 
the several recipients of honorary Degrees : 

In ipso limine laiidationum nostrarum, Societatis Regalis tot hospites illustres, 
post sacra saecularia feliciter acta, Cantabrigiam hodie invisentes, Academiae 
totius nomine iubemus salvere. Ununiquemque igitur vestrum salutat et 
Baconis et Newtoni et aliorum in scientia naturali aut dim aut nunc insig- 
nium virorum Universitas. Dum tot scientiarum inter se diversarum cultores 
illustres e tot orbis terrarum partibus ad litora nostra atque adeo Academiae 
nostrae ad nemora hodie advectos intuemur, denuo nobis rata esse videntur 
Vetera ilia prophetae verba: — 'plurimi pertransibunt, et multiplex erit scientia.''^ 
Tot advenarum illustrium e numero placuit Senatui nostro nonnullos, gentium 
inter se diversarum legates, scientiarum inter se diversarum antistites, velut 
exempli causa, titulo nostro decorare, qui honos, vestrum omnium praesentia 
illustratus, vestrum omnium, ut speramus, benevolentia comprobabitur. 

Edwin B. Frost, University of Chicago. 

Dignissime domine, domine Cancellarie, et tota Academia — 
Primum omnium respublica maxima trans oceanum Atlanticum nobis 
coniunctissima quasi nuntium quendam sidereum ad nos misit, qui lacus 
maximi in litore astrophysica (ut aiunt) praeclare profitetur, lacus minimi in 
margine speculae astronomicae celeberrimae praepositus. Ibi, astronomi prae- 
clari, Societatis Regalis baud ita pridem Praesidis, vestigia secutus, stellas, 
quae inerrantes vocantur, diligenter observavit, et spectri (ut dicitur) auxilio, 
earum motus aut recedentes aut appropinquantes accurate computavit. Idem, 
cum collegis optimis consociatus, stellas duplices atque etiam multiplices pluri- 
mas detexit ; siderum denique illorum praesertim, quonuii in aiTe helium inesse 
comprobatum est, primus tarditatem quandam motus demonstravit. Astro- 
nomo autem nostro, viro impigro, viro acerrimo, tarditatem mentis nemo 
exprobrabit. Etenim, talium virorum auxilio, 'caelum ipsum petimus,' non 
iam ' stultitia \^ sed sapientia ; atque, ut philosophi cuiusdam Romani verbis 
utar, ' cogitatio nostra caeli munimenta pernunpit.'' ^ Duco ad vos scientiae 
astrophysicae professorcm illustrem, Edwin Buant Frost. 

' lAber Danielis prophetae, xii. 4. 

= Hor. C'ann. i. 3, 38. ' Seneca, De Otio, v. G. 



^3 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Marquis E. Patern6 di Sessa, University of Rome. 

Ex Italia ad nos advectus est regni Italici Britannis amicissimi senator, 
coronae Italicae eques clarissimus, qui, Palermi natus, Romae per annos 
quadraginta scientiam chemicam experimentis suis luculeuter illustravit. 
Peritis notum est hunc virum olim benzenii potissimum progeniem explorasse, 
— benzenii, quod matris baud pulchrae filiam, filiarum autem suavium et 
pulcbrarum matrem nominaverim. Notum est eundem postea corpora ex 
fluorino, elemento illo impigro, composita, penitus invostigasse ; in aliis denique 
elementis, bromio praesertim et phosphoro liquido, particularum pondera 
accuratius cxaminasse. Ceterum haec omnia scientiae ad mysteria intima 
pertinent, non a nobis vixdum initiatis divulganda. Etenim e scriptoribus 
Romanis unus ait, 'omnium rerum sunt quaedam in alto secreta'';^ alter 
autem, ' facilius natura intellegitur quam enarratur.' ^ Duco ad vos scientiae 
chemicae professorem admodum nobilem, Marchionem Emanuelem Patern6 di 
Sessa. 

Ivan Petrovitch Pawlow, Imperial Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg, 
Foreign Member of the Royal Society. 

Russorum ex imperio maximo, a nobis remoto sed studiorum communium 
in vinculis vicino, ad nos venit physiologiae professor Petroburgensis, qui 
ciborum digerendorum rationem universam exploravit, his studiis officinam 
quandam dedicavit, physiologiae studiosorum scholam florentissimam fundavit. 
Ut alia omittam, quam pulchre ostendit sucos Ulos, qui cibo concoquendo 
inservimit, non modo mentis motu vario etiam ipsos moveri et mutari, sed 
etiam unicuique ciborum generi esse accommodates, atque omnibus elementis 
noxiis adversari et in contrariam partem fortiter contendere. Mentis quidem 
certamen Prudentii in carmine quodam heroico narratum vidimus ; corporis 
autem certamen, mentisque et corporis societatem intimam ab hoc viro 
celebratam audivimus. Talium virorum ex studiis Comelii Celsi praecepto 
illi melius obtemperare possunius : ante omnia corporis sui naturam quisqne 
norit.^ Duco ad vos physiologiae professorem egregium, Ivan Petrovitch 
Pawlow. 

Charles E. Picard, of the Institute of France, Foreign Member of the Royal 
Society. 

Francogallorum respublica nobis vicina, et vinculis indies artioribus nobis- 
cum coniuncta, hospitem ad nos misit mathematicum insignem, mathematici 
insignis (olim cum studii eiusdem antesignanis Cantabrigiensibus consociati *) 

' Plin. N. H. xvii. 29. '' Seneca, Epp. 121, § 11. 

' Celsus, De Medicina, i. 3, 'aute omnia norit quisque natui-am sui corporis.' 
* Charles Herniite was associated with Sylvester, Ferrers, Stokes, and Cay ley as one of 
the editors of the Quarterly Journal of Mathematics from 1857 to 1878. 



250rH ANNIVERSARY 29 

et generuni et operum eius editorem praestantissimum. Reipublicae autem 
illi hodie propterea praesertim gratulamur, quod talium viroruni consilium, 
populi totius cum fructu, totiens expetit. Primum, abhinc annos quattuor et 
viginti, praemium ex eadem studiorum provincia reportavit, quam in Scan- 
dinavia Abelius primus illustraverat. Idem, scientiarum Academiae Parisiensi 
nuper praepositus, quamquam argumentorum in genere quodam abstruso 
versatur, stili lucidi lumine libros suos omnes illustravit. Testis est opus 
praeclarum de scientiae statu hodiemo ad sensum popularem acconimodatum ; 
testes sunt Analytica ilia, etiam a iuventute Britannica libenter perlecta; 
testes etiam illae de methodi analyticae historia Angliae novae in Universitate 
quadam nova nuper habitae orationes. Ergo in uno eodemque viro et 
mathematici illustris et oratoris optimi habetis exemplar. Duco ad vos 
studiorum analyticorum professorem eloquentem, Carolum Aemilium Picaed. 

Heinrich Rubens, University of Berlin. 

Germanorum ex imperio maximo, nobis utinam in perpetuum coniunctissimo, 
ad nos perlatus est scientiae physicae in Universitate Berolinensi professor, qui, 
luce cotidiana non contentus, etiam lucem illam, quae oculorum aciem fugit, 
assidue exploravit. Lucem quidem universam ex undis constare electricis, 
rationibus exquisitis ductus, Maxwellius noster olim praedixit; idque et sui 
ipsius et aliorum experimentis postea prorsus comprobatum est. Hie autera, 
rem ipsam denuo aggressus, placitis Maxwellianis maxime congruus, lucis 
undas longas est dimensus, illis quidem multo longiores quae erant antea 
cognitae, sed illis aliquanto breviores quas vis electrica per artem adhibita 
generare potuit. Sed, inter has duas undarum varietates penitus exploratas, 
iam restat intervallum perbreve, quo sine dubio (fortasse per hospitem nostrum) 
propediem expleto, Maxwellii nostri doctrina universa erit patefacta, et, inter 
tot rerum naturae miracula, etiam lucis leges melius cognoscentur. Dixit 
olim Miltonus noster, 'Lux sacra,-salve, prima progenies Dei';^ et tu, salve, 
lucis legum explorator indefesse. Duco ad vos scientiae physicae professorem 
praeclarum. Regis sui consilio privato adscriptum, Henricum Rubens. 

J. E. B. Warming, University of Copenhagen. 

Regnum Danicum, Scandinaviae pars eximia, cum Britannia vinculis teneris 
sed eisdem firmissimis coniuncta, misit scientiae botanicae professorem 
emeritum, qui inter suos horto praefuit admirabilem in moduni disposito et 
ordinato. Idem non modo doctrinae botanicae orbem totum in libro quodam 
eximio perlustravit, sed etiam, in aliis litteranim monumentis, partes eius 
nonnullas aut ad Americam Australem aut ad zonae torridae miracula aut ad 
Floram Arctoam pertinentes subtilius perscrutatus est. In ilia vero scientiae 

* Paradise Lost, iii. 1, ' Hail, holy Light ! offspring of Heav'n first-born.' 



80 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

tam pulchrae provincia, quae oecologia nuncupatur, viarum novarum explora- 
tor exstitit. Unde factum est, ut haec stvidioruni provincia, non modo in 
regno Danico, sed etiam inter Francogallos, inter Germanos, in Helvetia, in 
Britannia, inter populos denique mari Atlantico a nobis divisos, cultoribus indies 
pluribus pateat. Non minus autem quam haec potissimum pars scientiarum 
naturalium, talium rerum scientia tota munus sibi vindicavit locorum spatiis 
universum atque adeo orbi terrarum toti contermininti. Ergo.hospitibus nostris 
omnibus, e tot orbis terrarum partibus ad nos hodie allatis, Historiae Naturalis 
auctoris eruditissimi verba licet sibi confidenter arrogare: 'Non unius terrae sed 
totius Naturae interpretes sumus.'^ Coronam nostram supremam accipit 
Florae sacerdos venerabilis, Eugenius Warming. 

» Plin. N. H. xviii, 214. 



I. THE ADDRESSES' 
EUROPE 

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, Vienna 

HocHGEEHRTE Gesellschaft ! Gerechtcr Stolz erfiillt unsere Seele, wenn 
wir die En-ungenschaften auf dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften betrachten. 
Von den geheimnisvollen V^orgiingen in der Natur liegt ein grosser Teil 
enthiillt vor unseren Augen. Wir verstelien nicht nur die grossartigen 
Vorgange, die der Himmel uns darbietet, wir lionnen sogar die Bewegungen 
der unsichtbaren Atome beschreiben. Bis zu den Grenzen der Sichtbarkeit 
kcinnen wir noch das organische Leben verfolgen, das so lange ungesttirt das 
Dasein der Menschen gefahrdete. Unziihlige praktische Erfindungen waren 
die Folge der wissenschaftlichen Errungenschaften, Erfindungen, welche fiir 
das Behagen, aber auch fiir die Gesundheit der Menschen von hochstem Wert 
sind, Erfindungen, mit denen wir Raum und Zeit besiegen. Die Erforschung 
der Natur war aber auch ein grosser Gewinn fiir die moralische Ilebung des 
Menschengeschlechtes, sie allein war es, die die Menge aus dunklem Aberglauben 
befreite, die solchen Verirrungen wie Astrologie, Alchemie usf. ein Ende 
setzte. Allergrossten Dank sind wir daher den Miinnern schuldig, die durch 
ihre Forschungen dieses Emporbliihen der Wissenschaft erzielten. Aber 
wenn es auch seit jeher nicht an hervorleuchtenden Geistem fehlte, die 
Kometen gleich Licht in die Finsternis strahlten : die neue Richtung brach 
sich erst Bahn durch vereintes Streben. Als beim Untergang der Scholastik 
in den Menschen aUmiihlich die Erkenntnis aufdanimerte, dass das Studium 
der Natur vor allem geeignet ist, unseren Geist zu befreien, da zog gerade 
in England die neue Richtung zahlreiche Schiiler an, die, indeni sie in dem 
Forschen nach Wahrheit den besten Trost fur die WiiTen ihrer Zeit fanden, 
sich zu regelmassiger gemeinsanier Arbeit verbanden und alle Teile der 
Naturwissenschaft in Angriff" nahmen. Das Anschen und die Zahl dieser 
Manner, im Anfange noch die ' Invisibles ', stieg rasch, indem ihre Mitbiirger 
den Wert ihrer Studien fiir den Foi-tschiitt der Menschheit erkannten. 
Kiinigliche Gnade erhob diese Gesellschaft 1662 zur Royal Society, ein Akt, 
welcher der ganzen Welt Vorteil brachte, indeni die Royal Society nunniehr 

' These are arranged in the same geographical order as the List of Delegates, pp. 13-21. 



32 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

(lurch 250 Jahrc iinermiidlich imnier neue Friichte des Wissens zur Reife 
brachte. Ihre Schriften enthalten die Bausteine unseres gesamten heutigen 
Wissens, durch welche sie selbst und darnach die bewundernden Schwester- 
akademien die Naturwissenschaften auf ihren heutigen Stand bringen konnten. 
Eine der jiingsten Akademien, die dem Stern der Royal Society bewundernd 
folgt, die kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in VVien, wiinscht der 
Royal Society zu der 250. Wiederkehr ihres Stiftungstages, dass sie in 
aller Zukunft ihres Bestandes sich erfreuen und fortfahren moge, eine Leuchte 
fiir die Menschheit zu sein. 

Wien, am 30. Juni 1913. 

Das Prasidium der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften : 

E. VON BOHM-BAWERK, Prdsident. 
VIKTOR VON LANG, Vizeprdsident 
FRIEDRICH BECKE, Generalsekretdr. 
JOSEF VON KARABACEK, Sekretdr. 



University of Aguam 

Ampussimak Regali Societati Londini. Inter academias liberalium artiuni, 
quae in rerum cognitione et scientiae pervestigatione vigent, Societas Vestra 
principatum obtinet secundisque rerum proventibus antiquitus traditis ea 
incrementa cepit, in quibus perquam raro alia collegia gloriari possint. Inde 
ab ipsis cultus atque hunianitatis quasi incunabulis clari et docti viri 
Britannorum gentis societatem privatam constituerunt, quae postca tutela regis 
Caroli II Regalis nuncupata est, ut non una aliqua in re elaboraret, sed 
omnia, praecipue philosophiam, scientiae pervestigatione comprehenderet. 
Gravitate et auctoritate sua iam a primordiis domi ad magnum et honoratum 
ministerium indicis litterati et consiliarii rerum publicarum curatorum 
producta est, foris vero editiones eius ab omnibus hominibus, qui in artibus 
versantur, honorem consequuntur. Raro fit ut aliqua litterarum societas 
per tarn longum tempus sit industria singulari, sicut Vestra, cui uni omnium 
ducentesimum quinquagesimum diem natalem celebrare contigit. Qua ex re 
concludi potest Societatem Vestram munere atque officio feliciter functam 
esse, nam aliter sentire de societate, cui usus erat cum luminibus doctrinae, 
ut cum clarissimo Newton et cum viris doctis Halley, Simpson, Cavendish, 
WoUaston, Priestley, Herschel, Davy et multis aliis, baud licet. Quamobrem 
omnes viri docti de his sollemnibus gaudent, imprimis vero Croatarum 
Universitas Zagi'abiensis ex intimo corde amplissimae Regali Societati gratu- 
latur, optatque ut in scientiae pervestigatione et in posterum fortuna prospera 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 33 

utatur et quani maximos progressus in studiis faciat. Senatus acadeniicus 
regiae litterarum Universitatis Francisco-Iosephinae. 

Zagrabiae, die 9 lulii 1912. 

Rector: DR. JULIUS DOM AC. 

Ab epistulis: FRANCISCUS PEVALEK. 



Tjipeihai, Academy of Sciences, Ckacow 

Regia Societas, quae ducentos (}iiinquaginta iam annos stat tanquam 
columna ignea omnibus sive apud Britannos praeclaros sive apud relitjuas 
gentes scientianim studiosis : quotiescunque difficiliores tractabant quaestiones, 
indefesso praelucebat ardore, lit per tenebras et dul)ia pervenirent ad veritatis 
contemplationem. Inter tot nationes, tot doctorum collegia et instituta, quae 
gratissiniam celeberriniae Societatis menioriam conservant, propter consilia 
monitaque in scientiis colendis saepissime ab ea impertita, etiani antiquum 
regnum Poloniae cum scholis suis et Academiis locum sibi debitnm obtiiiet. 
Itaque decet et convenit ut hoc die glorioso, communi laetitiae destinato, 
quando Regia Societas cum superbia bene merita retrorsum per duo saecula cum 
dimidio respiciet labores suos ac studia, etiam vox illius regionis audiatur quae 
protulit Copernicum, iitcjue iungatur choro mundano gratulatorum. Neque 
minim videbitur, si muneri gratulandi celeberrimae Societati nomine nationis 
Polonae totcjue generationum studiosorum ac doctorum incumbat detque 
operam Academia Scientiarum Cracoviensis, non interruptae traditionis haeres 
legitima et vera. Namque ruina libertatis politicae non inhibuit neque inter- 
rupit apud Polonos studiorum progressum, erectio vero Iniperialis Academiae 
Scientiarum Cracoviensis, fundatae a Sua Maiestate, Imperatore Austriae Fran- 
cisco losepho I, novam et firmam addidit disciplinam et temperantiam anticjuis 
studiis, quae fere numquam cessavere durante regno Poloniae. Iam quadraginta 
istis annis, qui praeterierunt ab'eius institutione, Academia Cracoviensis, 
imprimis vero eius Classis niathematico-physica multis re vera iungebatur vin- 
culis Illustrissimae Regiae Societati tum quoad methodum indagationum melius 
ediscendam tum ad clarius determinandum inceptorum operum finem ultinuun. 
Cuius rei testimoniis abundant tantum, quantum sat est, Academiae Cra- 
coviensis Annales ; beneficia vero familiaris consuetudinis, concessa nostris 
Academicis a nonmillis jjerquam illustribus membris Regiae Societatis his ultimis 
decenniis quantum et quale fuerit, vere non poterit aestimari, nisi mutuum lit- 
terarum commercium aliquando in medium proferatur. Itaque gratis animis 
multiplices has relationes agnoscentes et revocantes Praeses ac Socii Imperialis 
Academiae Scientiarum Cracoviensis, debitam manifestantes venerationem 
suani hac occasione laetissima oblata et considerantes magnificam Societatis 
Regiae historian! tum praeteritam turn praesentem, ex totis cordibus auguran- 
tur ut historia futura non minus sit splendida utque novae scientiae humanae 

D 



34 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

provinciae inveniantur onmibusque pateant utcjue Regia Societas per multa 
adhuc saecula futura remaneat Britannis gloriosa ac splendens corona, aliis 
nationibus auxiliatrix et adiutrix omnis generis studiorum, tandem fraternitatis 
mutuae populorum exemplum vivificans, ut omnes se diligant et adiuvent in 
Christo, qui est scientiarum fons vivus, numqiiam exhaustus. 
Cracoviae, die All lulii A. D. MCMXII. 

BOLESLAW ULANOWSKI, Secretaiitis generalis. 
FRIDERICUS ZOLL Sen., Vice Praesidis. 
WLADYSLAW NAT ANSON, Secretarins, 

Classis mathematico-phystca. 
EDWARD JANCZEWSKI, Director, 

Classis mathematico-phystca. 



University of Lemberg 

Rector et Sexatls Universitatis Poloniae Leopoliexsis Societati Regiae 
Londinensi et vetustate et auctoritate primae inter Academias Scientiarum 
in toto terrarum orbe salutem summaeque venerationis testimonium mittunt. 
Inde ab illo Isaaco Newtonio et hodie collegium Vestrum magno numero 
virorum praestantissimorum ornatur, qui cum non unius populi, sed generis 
humani sint praeceptores, Societas Regia quasi sol quidam doctrinarum 
exstitit, cuius radii usque ad extremos cultus humanitatisque fines descendunt. 
Ex eis quidem finibus orientalibus, sed ex terra quae Nicolao Copernico filio 
suo gloriatur, accipite, Viri Illustrissinii, sollemnia semisaecularia quinta 
Societatis Vesti-ae celebrantes, plurimam salutem nee non optima omina, 
ut opera Vestra eodem atque adhuc niodo etiam in tempus futurum uberrimos 
fructus messemque opimam generi ferat humane. 

Leopoli (Lemherg) in Austria, Galicia, die 1 lulii, Anno 1919,. 

L. FINKEL, /(. t. Rector. 



Bohemian Karl-Ferdinand Universitv, Prague 

Rektok. a Senat Cesk6 University Karlo-Fehdinandovy v Pkaze pfipojuji 
se radostne k slavnosti vyznamneho due, jimz Kralovska Spolecnost v Lon- 
dyne oslavuje 2501ete vyi-oci sveho zalozeni. I'fi te pi-ilezitosti vzpominaji 
nehynoucich zasluh, jez si Kralovska Spolecnost o rozkvet ved ziskala. Ona 
prva postavila se v celo hnuti, jimz obrozeno badani ve vsech oborech ved 
pfirodnich a v tomto smeru razila drahy od prveho sveho vzniku azdo doby 
dnesni. V dobe, kdy v cechach nepfizni osuchi a pohromami valecnymi 
dohrobeny veskere mnohoslibne pocatky ku pesteni nauk, stalajiz Kralovska 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 86 

Spolecnost v cele ruchu vSdeckdho a dala podiiet k zaklad^ni jinych sestersk^ch 
instituci Evropskych. I vzpomenouti dluzno onech prvych hlubok^ch myslitelu, 
jiz postupeii) doby mystiku z vedy odstranovali, jakoz i nepfehledne rady 
onech slavnych badatelu, kteri v cele Kr^lovsk^ Spolecnosti exaktnim a 
biologick^m naukam novd smery vedecke prace urcovali. Na dnesnim pokro- 
ku a na praktickych vymozenostech ved prirodnich ma Knilovska Spolecnost 
nejvetsi podil ! Majice tedy stale na pameti velike ony zasluhy, jez si 
Kralovska Spolecnost o rozkvet ved a tudi'z i o prospech lidstva ziskala, 
osvedcuji rektor a sendt ceske university Krdlovske Spolecnosti pocity sv^ 
hluboke ucty a vaznosti, jakoz i sve upf I'mne blahopfani ku trvalym vysledkum 
blahod^me jeji cinnosti. 

V Praze, dne 1. Cervence 1912. 

J. CELAKOVSKY, v. rektor. 

KAREL KADLEC, i. c. Dekanfakultt/ pravnicke. 



Rectok et Senatus Caes. Reg. Universitatis Littehaeum Caroleae Fer- 
DiNANDEAE Pragensis Bohemicae Societati Regiae Londinensi. Ducentesima 
quinquagesima natalicia Societatis vestrae quod sollemniter celebratis, gaude- 
mus eaque soUemnia votis optimis prosequimur. Simul pia memoria illud 
recolimus, quantopere Societas vestra de cultu ac flora scientiarum, ex quo 
condita est, meruerit. Nam ilia prima tamquam dux eorum procedebat, 
quorum opera studium in omnibus scientiarum naturalium generibus renatum 
est, atque ita novas cogitandi vias per omne aevi sui spatium muniebat. 
Quando temporum iniquitate bellicisque casibus omnia ferme felicia scientias 
colendi initia in Bohemia extincta sunt, agmen virorum in doctrinis elaboran- 
tium Societas vestra iam ducebat, effecitque ut aliae similes per Europae terras 
conderentur societates. Atque in animum revocandi videntur cum primi illi 
viri docti ingeniosi, qui procedente tempore superstitiones e doctrinarum 
rationibus propellerent, tum innumerabiles illi rerum investigatores clarissimi, 
qui Societati vestrae praepositi exactis quae dicuntur et biologicis disciplinis 
velut novas vias docti laboris demonstrabant. Quod tantum ad banc aetatem 
naturales scientiae profecerunt quodque tantum fructum usus earum tulit 
hominibus, haec maxima ex parte Societatis vestrae laus est existimanda. 
Dum igitur memoria tenemus, quantopere Societas vestra de scientiarum 
incremento et flore meruerit generisque humani coiiunoda auxerit provexerit, 
verecunde ac pie earn colimus suspicimus, quodque talia tamque utilia et 
semper duratura effecit, sincere laetamur totoque animo vobis coiigratulamur. 

Dahamus Prague, capite regni Bohemiae, kaleiidis Itil'ns annt MCMXII. 

3. CELAKOVSKY, h. t. rector. 
CAROLUS KADLEC, h. t. decanusfacult. iuridicae. 
D 2 



36 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



RovAL Hungarian Univehsity, Budapest 

Rector et Senatus Regiae Scientiaeum Universitatis Hungaeicae 
BuDAPESTiNENsis Magnifico Praesidi Societatis Regalis Londinensis pro 
Scientia Naturali promovenda S. P. D. Magnifice Domine, E litteris Vestris 
ad nos perhumaniter datis maximo cum gaudio Vos die decima sexta et 
duabus insequentibus diebus mensis lulii a. c. Societatis Vestrae, a Carolo 
Secundo rege Vestro constitutae, feliciter peracti anni ducentesimi quin- 
qiiagesimi soUemnia celebraturos esse legimus. Gratias Vobis agimus, viri 
praestantissimi, quod laeto cum hoc nuntio ad has Ferias saeculares nos 
quoque benignissime famiharissimeque invitatos esse volueritis. His festis 
per legatum nostrum publice missum Dominum Dr™ Isidorum Frohlich, 
Consiliarium Aulicum Reg. Hung., Rectorem huius temporis Universitatis 
Nostrae Magnificum gratulationes nostras, caritatem votaque testamur, ex 
animi sententia optantes ut per sequentia quoque saecula Societas Vestra 
floreat et crescat. Haec vero charta sigillo Universitatis munita in tabulario 
Societatis Vestrae deposita, perenni sit documento, quam sincere voluerit 
particeps esse gens nostra Hungarica inter populos celeberrimos culturae 
humanae diebus festis humanitatis et quam ardenter Vobis omnia bona 
faustaque precata sit. 

Dabamus Budapestini in Capite Regni Hungar'me, die trigesima mensis 
lunii a. D. millesimo nongentesimo duodecimo. 

De. ISIDORUS frohlich, h. t. Rector. 

De. ANTONIUS MARGITARY, Regis Consil., Senatus Notarius. 



BELGIUM 

Univehsity of Louvain 

A Monsieur le President et X Messieurs les Membres de la Societe 
Royale de Londees. — Messieurs, L'Universite Cathohque deLouvain, qui garde 
le souvenir reconnaissant de la participation des Socictes savantes it ses propres 
fetes jubilaires, est heureuse aujourd'hui d'offrir, a son tour, a la Societe Royale 
de Londres, ses vives felicitations a Toccasion de la celebration solennelle du 
250™° anniversaire de sa fondation. II n'est pas une Institution scientifique 
qui puisse se glorifier d''un passe plus brillant et plus fecond. Dans le domaine 
des sciences physiques et mathematiques comme dans celui de la biologic, 
la Societe Royale s'est dignement acquitt^ de la mission que lui confia son 
Auguste Fondateur : elle a et^ un puissant facteur du progres des sciences 
naturelles. Elle s'est acquis de la sorte un droit incontestable aux suffrages 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 87 

de tous les Corps savants. L'Universite de Louvain forme les vceux les plus 
ardents pour la prosperite toujours croissante de cette illustre Society : Vivat I 
Crescat ! Floreat ! Au nom du Conseil Rectoral, 

Le Rectmr, P. LADEUZE. 

Le Secretaire, J. VAN BIERVLIET. 

Louvain, le 27 Juin 1912. 



Royal Academy of Sciences, Bbussels 

A LA SociETE Roy ALE DE LoNDEEs. — Mousieur le President, Sir Archibald 
Geikie, Associe de TAcademie royale de Belgique, Vous voulez bien porter 
a la connaissance de TAcademie royale de Belgique que la Societe 
royale de Londres, fondee, en 1645, par un gi'oupe de savants, en vue du 
progres de la science dans le Royaume-Uni, constitufe en association des 
1660, et investie le 15 juillet 1662, par le Roi Charles II, d'une Charte de 
corporation, celebrera le 16 juillet de Tannce actuelle son deux cent cinquan- 
tieme anniversaire. Vouz invitez, en meme temps, on ne pent plus confra- 
ternellement, I'Academie royale de Belgique a cette commemoration d'une si 
haute importance pour la science, en general, de tous les pays qui s'occupent 
de la culture des connaissances humaines en tete desquelles sont I'Astronomie 
et votre immortel Newton. L' Academic royale de Belgique est on ne peut 
plus flattee de cette gracieuse invitation de la Societe royale pour laquelle 
elle professe la plus grande admiration, non seulement pour ses membres si 
illustres, mais aussi pour les travaux dont ils ont enrichi la science europeenne 
pendant les deux siecles et demi ecoules de votre celebre Societe. Ce n'est 
pas d'hier, illustre Confrere, que nous apprecions la haute valeur scientifique 
de la Societe royale et sa valeur morale. Lors de son retablissement par le 
Roi Guillaume I'"", en 1816, le premier soin de TAcademie royale de Belgique 
fut de demander a la Societe royale de Londres I'echange de ses publica- 
tions avec vos celebres Philosophical Transactions. La collection que nous 
possedons de ces Transactions remonte a Tannee 1777 ; elle constitue le 
plus beau joyau de notre bibliothcque, au meme titre que les publications de 
I'Academie des sciences de Paris. C'est un tresor inestimable qui fait con- 
stamment I'admiration des savants qui y ont recours pour leurs travaux. Ils 
sont legion les membres de la Societe royale que I'Academie royale de 
Belgique a eu I'honneur de compter comme assocics depuis 1816. Et leurs 
noms sont deja entourc's parmi nous, comme en Angleterre, de I'aureole de la 
gloire : Charles Babbage, Sir John William Herschel, Pierre Barlow, Sir James 
South, Sir Edward Sabine, John Barrat, John Taylor, Robert Brown, Sir 
David Brewster, Michael Faraday, Sir Richard Owen, Sir Charles Wheatstone, 
Sir George Biddell Airy, Sir Roderick Impey Murchison, Sir Charles Lyell, 



38 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Thomas Davidson, Charles Robert Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Andrew 
Crombie Ramsay, Thomas Henry Huxley, Lord Kelvin, John Tyndall, James 
Prescott Joule, Sir Joseph Prestwich, Arthur Cayley, James Joseph Sylvester, 
Sir William Henry Flower. D'autre part, c'est un reel honneur pour nous de 
voir encore figurer dans nos rangs Sir George-Howard Darwin, Sir James 
Dewar, Sir Edwin Ray Lankester, Sir John Murray et vous meme. Sir 
Archibald Geikie, le si distingue president actuel de la Societe royale. II 
nous est impossible. Sir, dans le cadre de cette Adresse de felicitations, de 
citer tous les travaux de votre Societe, meme les plus celebres. Et cependant 
TAcademie royale de Belgique aurait ete si heureuse d'en parler, surtout de 
ceux qui, depuis le commencement du xvii™^ siecle, ont fait progresser les 
sciences d'une maniere si prodigieuse. D'aussi celebres souvenirs et un aussi 
memorable passe, dont la Belgique, comme toute TEurope scientifique, a 
profite, sont le plus sur garant d'un avenir qui sera aussi illustre pour la 
Societe royale de Londres. L'Academie royale de Belgique souhaite a la 
Societe royale d'acquerir encore de nouveaux titres a la reconnaissance de 
Thumanite. Puisse-t-elle, a tout jamais, pour le bien de celle-ci, continuer 
a tenir avec TAcademie des sciences de Paris le sceptre de la science qui 
constitue le flambeau de la verite. Quant a Lord Lister, TAcademie, au nom 
de toute la Belgique, s'associe au deuil de TAngleterre au sujet de la mort de 
Tillustre chirurgien. Telle est I'expression des sentiments de I'Academie 
royale de Belgique, que Tun de ses membres, M. Dollo, s'est engage a vous 
apporter de notre part. 

Bnixelles, le 16 juillet 1912. 

Le Secretaire perpetitel, Le Chkvalier EDMOND MARCHAL. 



DENMARK 

University of Copenhagen 

Univeesitas Hauniexsis Regali Societati S. p. D. Duo iam saecula et 
dimidium Regalis Societas ita egit, ut egregium illud dictum, quod vexillo 
suo inscripsit, semper summa cum fide exsequeretur. Eo tempore exorta, 
quo nihil fere praeter ecclesiam in lumine erat, praecipueque Naturalium 
Rerum Scientia crassa superstitionis caligine obfuscabatur, hoc sibi proposuit, 
ut novam et veram philosophiam naturalem in lucem duceret, expei'iendi arte 
fultam et ingenua inquirendi ratione procedentem. Libera, a nullius gratia 
pendens, nullo auxilio externo munita, increnientum sensu cepit et robur, 
dum socii, scientiam ipsius causa ardentibus animis amantes, infatigabili 
studendi vigore provehuntur veritatemque ex tenebris nebulisque eliciunt, 
minime eo deterriti, quod labores, quibus operam suam impendebant, saepius 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 89 

spes suas fallere nullumque profectum promittere videbantur. Procedente tem- 
pore non raro apparuit, ea quoque, quae primo aspectu vana et sterilia esse 
videbantur, uberes et inexhaustos fontes aperuisse. Quod vere dictum est, 
Anglorum nationem non victoriis terras expugnando coloniasque late per 
orbem condendo potius quam naturam suae terrae sibi subiciendo magnam et 
illustrem factam esse, quodque nulla cuiquam relinquitur dubitatio quin 
accrescens Rerum Naturalium Scientia toti generi humane immane quantum 
profuerit, Regalis Societas merito gloriari potest, tam banc patriae laudem 
quam illas communis hominum vitae utilitates magnam partem viris deberi 
quos in sociorum numero habuerit. Ingenuo et grato animo eorum beneficio- 
rum memoriam retinens, quae bonarum artium studia huie Societati debent 
quae ipsa princeps condita postea multis aliis eiusdem generis societatibus 
originem dedit et normam, Universitas Hauniensis Regali Societati CCL annos 
gloriose exactos gratulatur, sperans fore ut futura eius tempora digna prae- 
teritis saeculis luce fulgeant. 

FRANCISCUS BUHL, /*. a. Rector Universitatis. 



Royal Danish Society of Science, Copenhagen 

Til Royal Society i London. Grundlaeggelsen af Royal Society for 
250 Aar siden var en Begivenhed, som ogsaa nu nied allerstorste Paaskonnelse 
maa mindes af enhver, som glaeder sig over den Hojde, hvortil Nutidens Natur- 
videnskab har haevet sig. Ved dets Stiftelse lagdes nemlig Grunden til store 
La;re : Bygninger, som siden den Tid ere voksede op, og som ere i Stand til at 
ba;re kommende Tiders rige Arbejder. Uforglemmelige i Videnskabens His- 
torie ere de hver paa sit Omraade fremragende Masnd, der samledes fiirst i en 
mere privat Kreds og dernaest i det af dem grundlagte Selskab for at fore- 
tage naturvidenskabelige Forscig i et Omfang og med en Planmsessighed, som 
ikke var kendt i tidligere Tider. Om den store Betydning af det Samarbejde 
mellem indenlandske og udenlandske Medlemmer, som Royal Society straks 
bragte tilveje, vidner den Brevveksling, som med det som Mellemled fortes 
mellem Newton og Leibniz, og som indeholder de vigtigste Dokumenter 
vedriirende Infinitesimah-egningens Tilbliven. Endelig var det under dette 
Selskabs Auspicier, at Newton nogle Aar senere, kraftig tilskyndet af dets 
ovrige Medlemmer, udgav sine Principia. Disse faa Trask vise den Hoved- 
andel, som Royal Society i sine forste Decennier havde i Grundlaeggelsen af 
den modeme Mathematik, Fysik og Astronomi ; men tidlig udstraktes dets 
initiativrige og frugtbringende Virksomhed ligeledes til de andre Omraader 
af Naturvidenskaben, og ogsaa efter Udskillelsen af Selskaber med mere 
specielle Formaal er Royal Society vedblevet at vasre Centralorganet for den 
britiske Nations naturvidenskabelige Arbejde, der har haft og bestandig har 
en saa fremragende Andel i de store Fremskridt paa alle Naturvidenskabens 



40 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Omraader. Som Repi-sesentant for det mere beskedne Arbejde i de samme 
Retninger, som gores af en langt mindre, men beslregtet Nation, tager det 
Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab levende Del baade i den almin- 
delige Tak for alt det, som er ydet eg den Dag i Dag bliver ydet gjennem 
Royal Society, eg i Onsket om en Fremtid, der svarer til dets Fortid 
og Nutid. 

/ det Kongelige Danske V'ukmkabernes Selskab, Juli 1912, 

Prasident VILH. THOMSEN. 
Sekretcer H. G. ZEUTHEN. 



FPLA.NCE 

University of Paris 

UUNivEBsiri; de Paris au President, au Conseil et aux mEiMbres de la 
Society Royale de Londres. — L'Universite de Paris est heureuse de se faire 
representor aux fetes donnees par la Societe Royale de Londres a Toccasion 
du deux cent cinquantieme anniversaire de sa fondation. Ce fut un jour 
memorable que celui ou le roi Charles II transforma en Societe Royale le club 
ou se reunissaient chaque semaine quelques curieux de la methode experimen- 
tale. Le programme de votre Charte etait de developper la nouvelle philo- 
sophic, comme on disait alors, c'est-a-dire la connaissance de la nature au 
moyen de Texperience. Votre Societe est toujours restee fidele a son premier 
but, et I'histoire de la Science montre avec quel eclat vous avez contribue au 
developpement de ce que vous appelez encore aujourd'hui la philosophic 
naturelle. On ne peut se reporter aux premiers temps de votre fondation 
sans evoquer le souvenir de celui qui fut pendant vingt-quatre ans votre 
president, et dont un de vos poetes a dit eloquemment que c'est un honneur 
pour le genre humain qu'un tel homme ait existe. Toute louange pitlit a 
cote du nom d'Isaac Newton. II n'est pas une branche des sciences physico- 
mathematiques et des sciences naturelles qui n'ait ete enrichie par les travaux 
des membres de votre Compagnie. John Dalton et Humphry Davy comptent 
parmi les fondateurs de la chimie moderne, et les decouvertes de Faraday et 
de Maxwell en electricite ont eu d'immenses consequences. Toute une philo- 
sophie se rattache au nom de Charles Darwin, dont les admirables et patientes 
observations ont mis en evidence d'importants facteurs de revolution des etres 
vivants. Dans le grand labeur jamais termine, par lequel sY'difie peu a peu la 
Science, chaque nation apporte sa mentalite particuliere. Vos savants restent 
toujours soucieux des details et des applications. Quel liel exemple a donne 
un grand physicien, comme Lord Kelvin, dont Tesprit puissant, capable des 
speculations les plus elevees sur la thermodynamique et la theorie des atomes- 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 41 

tourbillons, s'attachait en meme temps aux questions pratiques de la naviga- 
tion et de la telegraphic transatlantique ! II fut aussi des votres, Tillustre 
Lord Lister qui, en s'inspirant des doctrines pastoriennes, a cr^^ une m^thode 
de pansement bouleversant la chirurgie, et s'est ainsi place parmi les bien- 
faiteurs de Thumanite. La Science est dans une perpetuelle Evolution. Les 
faits et les principes qui paraissent les mieux etablis restent toujours sujets k 
revision. Mais, pour les reviser, il faut parfois une singuliere audace. EUe 
ne vous a pas manque. Pres d'ici, des gaz nouveaux, Ttu-gon et ses conge- 
neres, ont ete extraits de Tair atmospherique tant de fois analyst par les plus 
illustres chimistes. Cest dans un laboratoire anglais que fut repris recem- 
ment Tantique probleme de la transmutation des elements et que la trans- 
formation du radium en helium a ete etablie ; ce souvenir, ou sont associees la 
science anglaise et la science fran^aise, est particulierement cher k I'Universite 
de Paris. La part aussi est considerable qui revient aux savants de votre 
pays dans les vues nouvelles sur les theories electroniques de la matiere. 
Depuis deux cent cinquante ans, I'influence de la Societe Royale n'a cesse de 
grandir. Ses Proceedings et ses Transactions comptent parmi les journaux 
scientifiques les plus renommes et vont porter au loin le temoignage de votre 
activite. Quelle gratitude tous les savants ne doivent-ils pas a la Societe 
Royale pour son Catalogue of Seientijic Papers pendant le xix° siecle, 
entreprise immense, devenue internationale pour le siecle actuel, mais dont 
vous avez conserve la haute direction. Cest encore a votre initiative qu'est 
due la creation de I'Association internationale des Academies ; grace a vous, 
le projet, digne du chancelier Bacon, d'une Academie Universelle ouverte a 
toutes les nations est devenu une realite. Vous vous etes toujours preoccupes 
du role social que doivent jouer les Societes savantes. II n'est pas en Angle- 
terre une gi-ande entreprise, ayant un caractere scientifique, sur laquelle vous 
n'ayez ete consultes, ou dont vous n'ayez suggere la creation. Qu'il nous 
suffise de rappeler, pour des temps recents, le Laboratoire national de Phy- 
sique, du a Tinitiative de votre Conseil, et qui reste place sous son controle 
direct. Un passe si brillant repond de Tavenir de la Societe Royale. L'Uni- 
versite de Paris lui apporte cordialement ses felicitations pour tant d'ceuvres 
accomplies. Puissent toujours ses membres, rassembles pour Tavancement de 
la connaissance de la nature, suivant les termes de votre Charte deux fois et 
demie seculaire, continuer a travailler pour le progres des sciences et la gloire 
de TAngleterre. 

Paris, le IGjuillet 1912. 

Le Vice-Recteur, President du Conseil de PUniversite de Paris, 

L. LIARD. 

Le Prqfesseur deltgue de TUniversite de Paris, EM. PICARD. 



42 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES DE lTnSTITUT, PaRIS 

Messieurs et chees Confreres, — Parmi les voeux que vous recevez de tous 
cotes, a Toccasion de la celebration de votre deux cent cinquantieme Anniver- 
saire, vous distinguerez, nous en sommes assures, ceux que I'AcADiiMiE des 
Sciences de Paris nous a charges de vous presenter en son nom. Vous 
connaissez de longue date les sentiments qui nous animent, Taffection que 
nous vous portons, I'admiration profonde que nous eprouvons pour vos 
travaux. Ces sentiments remontent a nos premieres origines. Notre Aca- 
demic et votre iUustre Societe ont eu des destinees a peu pres pareilles. L'une 
et I'autre ont ete etablies par les amis de la science, longtemps avant d'etre 
reconnues par le gouvernement de leur pays. Des le debut du xvii" siecle, 
nos savants de Paris avaient pris Thabitude de se reunir periodiquement, pour 
se proposer des problemes de mathematiques, pour faire des experiences, pour 
discuter les grandes questions scientifiques que susciterent les decouvertes 
de Kepler et de Galilee. Vers la meme epoque, vos philosophes, vos savants, 
dont plusieurs vinrent nous rendre visite, se reunissaient a Londres et a Oxford 
pour s'occuper,comme les notres, d'experiences et de recherches scientifiques. 
Lorsque ces assemblees qui se tenaient dans Tun et I'autre pays commencerent 
a y etre connues, elles ne tarderent pas a. recevoir Tinvestiture officielle. 
Charles II vous donnait votre premiere Charte en 1662. Quatre ans apres, 
en 1666, notre Academic recevait la sienne des mains de Louis XIV et de 
Colbert, ' ce ministre porte de lui-meme aux grands desseins ', en meme temps 
qu'etait decidee la creation de I'Observatoire de Paris. Nos commencements 
se ressemblent a plusieurs egards. Par exemple, dans cette premiere partie 
de leur carriere, nos Academies ont, I'une et I'autre, compte parmi leurs 
membres d'eminents medecins. II est vrai que les travaux de Newton n'ont 
pas tarde a illuminer vos debuts d'un eclat incomparable; notre Academic 
pent revendiquer du moins I'honneur d'avoir poursuivi et complete I'oeuvre 
de ce grand homme. D'Alembert, Clairaut, Laplace, Lagrange figureront 
dignement a cote des successeurs que vous avez donnes a Newton dans 
I'achevement de la plus glorieuse conquete qu'ait jamais faite I'esprit huniain. 
Cette union feconde de nos recherches s'est maintenue jusqu'a nos jours. 
Lorsque, vers la fin du xviii" siecle, Lavoisier a jete les bases de la Chimie 
modeme, ses travaux ont etc etroitement meles a ceux de Priestley et de 
Cavendish. Au siecle qui vient de finir, et pour ne parler que de ceux qui ne 
sont plus, la posterite reunira dans une admiration commune les noms de 
quelques-uns de nos confreres, et ceux a jamais iUustres d'Herschel, de 
Dalton, de Faraday, de Darwin, de Lord Kelvin, de Sylvester, de Cayley, 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 43 

d" Adams, de Maxwell, d'Huggins, de Lord Lister. Quelquc incomplete 
qu'elle puisse etre, cette enumeration montre bien que, tout en conservant 
Tempreinte de Newton, tout en vous attachant a cultiver cette science 
maitresse a. laquelle il a donno le beau nom de philosophie naturelle, vous 
n'avez neglige aucune branche du savoir' humain. La methode qui vous 
a guides pent etre aisement definie en quelques mots : Nullius in verba, telle 
a ete la devise que la Societe royale a toujours appliquee dans les travaux que, 
depuis sa fondation, Elle n'a cesse d'accomplir pour le developpement et 
raccroissement des sciences de la Nature. En repandaut ainsi, en faisant 
connaitre par vos propres recherches et par les directions que vous donnez, 
cette methode scientifique que le Chancelier Bacon avait preconisee avec tant 
de force et d'autorite, que Newton avait illustree dans ses Principta et dans 
son Optlque, vous avez rempli avec eclat la partie essentielle de la tache qui, 
de tout temps, a ete devolue aux Societes Savantes ; mais votre action s'est 
etendue plus loin encore et vous nous avez donne, sur d'autres points, des 
exemples que tous doivent s'efForcer d'imiter. Rattaches k votre gouveniement 
par des liens quelque peu laches, qui vous assurent une independance a peu 
pres complete, vous avez tenu neanmoins a lui rendre tous les services qu'un 
grand pays peut attendre d'une Societe Savante. Vous lui pretez votre 
concours pour la distribution des subventions aux recherches scientifiques, 
pour la direction de I'Observatoire de Greenwich, du Laboratoire national 
de physique, jjour Tetude des maladies tropicales qui se rencontrent dans 
votre Empire, le plus vaste que le monde ait jamais connu ; vous provoquez, 
vous sollicitez sa cooperation pour les expeditions maritimes et scientifiques, 
pour les decouvertes geographiques, pour Tetude des tremblements de terre, 
de I'Ocean dans ses profondeurs, et pour bien d'autres objets que nous 
renon^ons a enumerer. Tant de travaux, tant de preoccupations sont loin 
d'epuiser votre activitc ; et Ton vous a toujours trouves animes d'un esprit 
large et vraiment liberal, prets^a susciter et k faire vivre ces associations 
internationales qui sont appelees a prendre une place de plus en plus bienfai- 
sante dans le developpement et dans la vie de Phumanite. Naguere, vous 
cooperiez avec nous a la creation de I'Association internationale des Academies ; 
vous avez voulu diriger vous-memes une des entreprises les plus difficiles qui 
aient jamais ete tentees : nous voulons parler du Catalogue international de 
litteratwr scientifique, qui a ete deja, et qui sera plus encore dans Tavenir, 
si utile, si necessaire aux chei'cheurs de tous les pays. Les services que vous 
avez ainsi rendus a votre pays, a la science et a I'humanite meritent le respect 
et I'admiration que vous apportent aujoui'd'hui tant de voix autorisees, 
auxquelles nous sommes heureux de joindre les notres. Puissiez-vous prosperer 
longtemps encore pour servir d'exemple a nos Societes Savantes, pour offrir 
a votre pays et aux savants de toutes les nations une moisson de plus en plus 
ample de ces decouvertes qui sont marquees au coin de toutes les qualites, 
du genie de votre race ! tel est le voeu bien cordial et bien sincere que vous 



44 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

presentent en ce jour vos confreres, permettez-nous de dire vos amis, de 
I'Academie des Sciences de Paris. 
Le ISjuillet 1912. 

GABRIEL LIPPMANN, Prhident. 

FELIX GUYON, Vice-Prhidmt. 

GASTOiN DARBOUX, Secretaire perpHuel pour les 

Sciences mathematiques. 
PHILIPPE VAN TlEGYiJEM, Secretaire perpHuel pour leu 

Sciences physiques. 

OBSERyATORY, PaRIS 

Le Dieecteue de l'Observatoibe de Paris a Monsieur le PaiisiDENT 
DE LA SociExi; Royale de Londres. — Monsieur le President, — En m'invitant 
k assister a vos fetes, vous avez voulu honorer TObservatoire de Paris, dont 
trois directeurs, J.-D. Cassini, Arago, Le Verrier, ont ete eissocies etrangers 
de la Societe Royale. Parmi les grands noms qui, dans tons les ordres des 
sciences, ont illustre votre Societe, ceux des astronomes, avec Bradley, Newton, 
Herschel et tant d'autres, brillent aux tout premiers rangs. L'Observatoire 
de Paris est heureux de leur rendre hommage, et d'exprimer a la Societe 
Royale, avec ses remerciments pour Thonneur qui lui est fait, sa profonde 
admiration. 

B. BAILLAUD, Directeur de TOhservatoire de Paris. 

French Society of Physics, Paris 

La Soci£t6 Fran(;aise de Physique a la Sociixi Royale de Londres 
a roccasion du deux cent cinquantieme anniversaire de sa fondation. — A 
Monsieur le Pe^isident de la Sociix^ Royale de Londres. — Monsieur le 
President, — La Societe Franyaise de Physique vous exprime ses bien vives 
felicitations a Toccasion de la celebration du deux cent cinquantieme anniver- 
saire de la fondation de la Societe Royale de Londres. Ces deux siecles et 
demi de fecond labeur, que nous celebrons aujourd'hui, ont magnifiquement 
accru, par leurs riches moissons de decouvertes, le patrimoine universel de 
la Verite et de la Science. Votre illustre Compagnie a eu I'heureuse pensee 
de convier les Societes savantes etrangeres a cette solennelle commemoration 
de tant de souvenirs glorieux. La Societe Fran(,'aise de Physique est heureuse 
de repondre a votre cordiale invitation, dont elle sent tout le prix, et de venir 
apporter a la Societe Royale de Londres son tribut d'hommages et de 
respectueuse admiration. 

Pan^, 1912. ^ BAILLAUD, President. 

CH.-ED. GUILLAUME, Vice-prisident. 
HENRI ABRAHAM, Secretaire general. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 45 

Botanical Society of France, Paris 

A LA Royal Society, Londres. — La Society Botanique de France 
est heureuse d'exprimer a la Royal Society ses plus chaleureuses felicitations 
a I'occasion de son 250^™* Anniversaire et elle est particulierement flattfe 
et reconnaissante d'avoir etc invitee i\ prendre part aux Ceremonies Jubilaires. 
Pleine d'admiration pour Toeuvre scientifique de la Savante Societe Anglaise 
Elle forme le vceu cjue I'avenir lui reserve una riche moisson d'importants 
travaux et de glorieux lauriers. 

Le President de la Societe Botanique de France, R. ZEILLER. 

15 JuiUet 1912. 



University of Bordeaux 

Universitatis Burdioalensis Consilium Societati Regali Londinensi 
PRO Scientia naturali promovenda Salutem. — Per vos, Viri doctissimi et 
illustrissimi, liceat nobis — quod iam non semel fecimus — declarare quanta 
iamdudum admiratione opera prosequamur sodalium vestrorum qui tantopere 
ad promovendam scientiam contulerunt et conferunt. Rogamus iidem benigne 
vota nostra accipiatis optantium ut in posterum non minoribus beneficiis 
humanitatem donetis, ideoque in aeternum crescat et augeatur decus clarissi- 
raae vestrae Societatis. 

Datum Burdigalae, die X merms lulii MCMXII in nomine Universitatis 
Consilii. 

A, PITRES, delegatus. 

National Academy of Bordeaux 

L'AcADilMIE NATIONALE DES SCIENCES, BeLLES-LeTTRES ET ArTS DE BORDEAUX 

adresse a la Societe Royale de Londres a Toccasion du 250® anniversaire de 
sa fondation son salut confratemel et son voeu cordial de prosperite. 
Londres et Bordeaux sont unis, depuis pres de deux mille ans, par des liens 
qu'ont noues des interets economiques communs, qu'ont resserres des affinites 
naturelles "et des sympathies inalterables. Des I'epoque romaine Bordeaux 
fut le point de depart de la voie qui mene de France en Grande-Bretagne et 
dont Londres est le point d'arrivee. Au Moyen Age, pendant trois siecles, 
les deux cites eurent des destinees semblables. Le meme roi d'Angleterre, due 
d'Aquitaine, qui signa la Grande Charte, donna aux Bordelais ces franchises 
communales dont ils gardent pieusement la tradition. La prosperite com- 
merciale, nee des echanges entre Londres et Bordeaux, a pour jamais garanti 
a notre ville son prestige de metropole du Sud-Ouest de la France. Cet 



46 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

amour des liberies munieipales et cette solidarite economique sont les deux 
traits caracteristiques de Phistoire de Bordeaux. Au xviii^ siecle un nouveau 
lien, d'une autre nature, fut none. Cinquante ans apres Londres, Bordeaux 
voulut avoir sa Societe royale, vouee, elle aussi, a Tetude et au progres des 
sciences de la nature. Des relations tres nobles, dont nos registres conservent 
la trace, s'etablirent entre la jeune Academie bordelaise et son cminente sceur 
ainee. L'honneur en revient au membre le plus illustre de notre Compagnie, 
a rimmortel penseur qui revela a la France la beaute de la constitution 
anglaise, au grand Montesquieu. A la veille de celebrer le deuxieme 
centenaire de sa fondation, TAcadeniie de Bordeaux est fiere de rappeler 
ces souvenirs. Puissent-ils resserrer, d'une fa^on plus etroite encore, les liens 
seculaires de nos deux cites, afFermir la cordiale entente de nos deux nations, 
gage de la paix du monde ! 

Bordeaux, 8 JuiUet 1912. 

Le President de TAcademk nationale des Sciences, 
Belles- Lettres et Arts de Bordeaux^ PAUL COURTEAULT. 



UNivERSixy OF Clermont-Febrand 

Praesidi Conciho et Sodalibus amplissimae SociETAi'is Recalls Loxdini 
coNsisTEN-ris Universlias Claromontensis S. p. D. — Accepimus, Viri Doctis- 
simi et Illustrissimi, gratoque legimus animo litteras quibus nos certiores 
facitis vos natalem vestrum hoc ipso mense lulio celebraturos esse ; vobisque 
hosce ducentos quinquaginta peractos feliciter annos libentissime gratulamur. 
Nemo est enim, inter eos qui scientiae Naturali promovendae student, qui 
nesciat quantum per illud grande temporis spatium in rerum natura inqui- 
renda, scrutanda, investiganda profeceritis, quantoque doctrinae emolumento 
per vos aucti fuerint homines. Unum igitur e nostro numero, uti amicissime 
rogavistis, Professorem Augustum Pellet, delegavimus, qui vobiscum Socie- 
tatem vestram fundatam concelebret, nostraeque erga vos benivolentiae testis 
locuples festis diebus proximis intersit. 

Dahamus Claronwnte, Kal. luliis a. MDCCCCXII. 

A. COVILLE, Rector, Concilii Universiiatis Praeses. 



University of Nancy 

UNivERsrr6 DE Nancy. — Monsieur le President, — Un navire, a pleines 
voiles, franchissant la barriere des deux colonnes d'Hercule, dont I'antiquite 
avait dit qu'on n'irait pas plus loin ; au-dessous, cette inscription, empruntee 
a la Bible, Multi pertransibunt et augebitur Scientia, ' Beaucoup passeront, et 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 47 

le doniaine de la Science sera augniente'': telle est Tiniage et telle est la devise 
graveus au-devant dii Novum Organum de Francis Bacon. Prophetiqiies 
paroles, qui devaient trouver leur pleine realisation dans ['(jeiivre acconiplie 
par cette fille posthiime de son genie, la Societe Royale de Londres. Depuis 
deux siecles et denii, en eff'et, conibien de savants ont passe, qui, apres avoir 
explore toutes les parties du vaste monde scientifique, ont rapporte de leurs 
voyages, comine un eloquent livre de bord, ces deux cent onze volumes de 
vos Philosophical Transactiom ! Et quelle gloire pour eux d'avoir, sous les 
plis du pavilion britannique, conibattu le bon combat pour cet imperialisme 
de la Science, le plus grand et le plus beau de tons, le seul qui n'enregistre 
que des victoires, et dont beneficient tons les peuples ! Au dix-septieme 
siecle deja, un de nos esprits les plus curieux, qui sous un air frivole cachait 
le gout des choses serieuses, un Fran^'ais enfin, en etait emerveille, et s'inter- 
rompait dans une de ses Fables pour jeter cette reflexion : 

. . . Les Anglais pensent profondement. 
Creusant dans les sujets, et forts d'experiences, 
lis etendent partout I'enipire des sciences. 

Cet hoiiimage que vous rendait ingenument notre La Fontaine, toute la 
France savante vous Tapporte aujourd'hui : non seulement Paris, la capitale, 
mais aussi les diverses regions fran^'aises, et la notre en particulier: je veux 
dire la Lorraine. C'est la France de TEst, sensible plus que toute autre a la 
gloire scientifique, parce que, plus que toute autre, elle a appris k la connaitre 
en de glorieux fils nes de son sol : au siecle dernier, les matliematiciens Ponce- 
let et Hermite, I'un de Metz et I'autre du Pays messin, tons deux Lorrains, de 
cette Lorraine arrachee depuis lors a notre Patrie ; avant eux, Gergonne, 
connu par ses Annales, et Liouville, par son Journal; apres eux, le plus haut 
representant actuel des niatheniatiques parnii nous, un fils de Nancy meme, 
Henri Poincare. C'est un grand honneur pour notre jeime Universite de 
Nancy, de nieler sa voix a ce magpifique concert d'eloges qui retentissent de 
partout a la gloire de la Societe Royale de Londres. Par le norabre et la 
valeur de vos travaux, par I'illustration de vos savants, quen Angleterre la 
faveur publique aussi bien que le pouvoir reconipensent a I'envi, puissiez-vous 
toujours, comnie vous avez fait jusqu'ici, poursuivre au cours des ages votre 
fucond labeur, pro Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiartim, disait encore Bacon 
' Pour I'accroissement ou le progres des Sciences, et aussi pour leur dignite ! ' 

Nancy, llf. Juillet 1912. 

Le Recteur de V Universite, CH. ADAM, 

Membre correspondant de Plnstitut de France. 



48 



THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



GERMANY 

The Universities of Germany, instead of each preparing an Address, com- 
bined their felicitations upon a large bronze Tablet whicli, at the Reception 
of the Royal Society, was presented in their name by Professor Dr. Woldemar 
Voigt, Rector of the University of Gottingen. Delegates were at the same 
time present from the Universities of Berlin, Bonn, Breslau, Erlangen, 
Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Giessen, Gottingen, Greifswald, Halle, Heidelberg, 
Konigsberg, Leipzig, Marburg, Munich, Miinster, Rostock, Strassburg, and 
Tiibingen. The Tablet, which is shown in the accompanying illustration, 
now hangs on the wall of the Entrance-hall of the Society's apartments in 
Burlington House. 



fl 



C^" 



A I 



?BRITANN1CA! 

ILLVSTRI 
SGIENTIARVM 
CVLTRICI ET 
'^ROTECTRIOa^-v 

i^CCLANNOS L' . ^ 
FELICITERPERACTOS 
PIECONGRATVLANTVR 
tVNIVERSITATES GERMANIAI 

ADMDCCCCXI I 



:&£ta 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 49 

Royal Society of Sciences of Gottingen 

Regiae Societati SciENTiARiTM LoNDiNENsi quinquaginta lustrorum memo- 
riam feliciter agenti tantani praeteritorum temporum gloriain praesentium- 
que felicitatem congratulantes futurorum saeculorum pares auguramur even- 
tus. Nam quo die Societas a Roberto Boylio constitiita Regiae nomen 
accepit, nova lux ingenii humani studiis aft'ulsit, cum semina renatarum 
litteraruni temporibus iacta in agro Baconis Verulamensis opera praeparato 
altas radices egissent et ad insperatam fructuum adcrescerent ubertatem. 
Satis est reminisci primitias fere Societatis magnum Newtonem protulisse. 
Sed post Newtonis tempora dici vix potest quot quantarumque rerum indaga- 
tio Societati Regiae debeatur. Neque enim attinet commemorare Observa- 
torii Green wichensis vel Laboratorii Institutionis Regiae merita, vcl expedi- 
tionum Cookii, Rossii, aliorumque iramortalem memoriara, vel summorum 
virorum nomina suscitare, quorum cum suam quisque aetatem ampliore 
scientiae lumine auxerit, coniuncti omnes acta Regiae Societatis inlustraverunt 
labore famaque. Quorum potissimum opera factum, sed et popularium 
prudenti liberalitate, ut inter Academias naturae scientiae deditas non aetate 
tantum et vetere gloria, verum virtute et factis aut cum primis aut prima 
numeretur ac robore vere iuvenali gaudens futuri quoque temporis pal mas 
victrices affectet. Qua laude fulta Regia Societas ut semper quae communi 
scientiarum utilitati inservirent sua auctoritate promovit, hac nostra aetate 
Academias totius orbis coniuncti laboris vinculis coUigandi grande consilium 
cepit et executa est. Quod non sine nostra opera factum esse libenter 
recordaraur atque in posterum quoque longam studiorum communionem feli- 
citer duraturam esse speramus. 

Regia Societas Littekarum Gottingensis. 

Datum Gotthigae, die XV mensis lunii a. MCMXII. 

Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Berlin 

Der Royal Society of London entbietet zur Feier ihres 250jahrigen 
Bestehens die Koniglich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu 
Berlin herzlichen Gluckwunsch und schwesterlichen Gruss. — Wenn auch 
einige andere wissenschaftliche Gesellschaften auf ein ebenso ehrwiirdiges 
Alter zuriJckblicken kiinnen, so darf sich doch die Royal Society riihmen, in 
dem Vierteljahrtausend ihi-es Bestehens auf dem von ihr gepflegten Gebiet 
der Naturwissenschaften mehr geleistet und auf die Entwickelung dieser 
Wissenszweige einen griisseren Einfluss ausgeiibt zu haben als irgendeine der 
gelehrten Korporationen aller Kulturvolker. Die Jubilarin ist nicht, wie 
viele ihrer Schwestern, aus kleinen Anfiingen zu ihrer heutigen Griisse und 
Bedeutung hervorgewachsen. Vollendet, wie Minerva dem Haupte Jupiters 
entstieg, tritt sie uns gleich nach ihrer Begriindung als eine stolze Genossen- 

B 



50 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

schaft von Forschern ersten Ranges entgegen. In der Liste der Mitglieder, 
welche die Begeisterung fur die Wissenschaft und die Freude an der neuen 
Experimentierkunst im Jahre 1662 zu gemeinsamer Arbeit in den Raumen 
des Gresham College vereinigte, lesen wir mit Ehrfurcht die Namen von 
Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle und anderen, deren Entdeckungen heute die 
Grundlage weitverzweigter Wissensgebiete bilden. Aber der Glanz dieser 
Namen wird uberstrahlt von der leuchtenden Ruhmessonne Isaak Newtons, 
des griissten Physikers aller Zeiten und griissten Denkers auf dem Gebiet der 
Astronomie, wie ihn Helmholtz genannt hat. Mehr als die Begriinder selbst 
hat dieser gottbegnadete Meister, der wenige Jahre spiiter der Gesellschaft 
als Mitglied beitrat und wahrend eines Zeitraums von 24 Jahren ihr Prasi- 
dent war, der Royal Society den Stempel seiner Persiinlichkeit aufgepriigt. 
Es darf der Jubilarin das hohe Lob gespendet werden, dass sie stets von dem 
Geiste der grossen Manner beseelt war, die an ihrer Wiege gestanden haben 
und zu denen sich im Laufe der Jahrhunderte eine unabsehbare Reihe 
hervorragender Forscher auf alien Gebieten der Naturwissenschaften hinzuge- 
sellt hat. Frei in ihren Institutionen, ist sie durch alle Zeiten eine Pflegstatte 
der reinen, von Vorurteilen unbeirrten Forschung geblieben, eine fiir geistige 
Freiheit kiimpfende Genossenschaft, die ihre hohe Devise : ' Nullius in verba ' 
mit berechtigtem Stolze fiihrt. Moge sie in diesen edeln Traditionen fort- 
leben, moge es ihr vergonnt sein, auch in kiinftigen Zeiten eine so grosse Zahl 
hervorragender Manner und fiihrender Geister in ihrer Mitte zu vereinigen, 
und miige sie, den alten Ruhmesblattern stets neue hinzufiigend, auch ferner- 
hin die Wissenschaft mit neuer und immer reicherer Erkenntnis beschenken, 
zur Ehre ihres grossen Vaterlandes und zum Segen der ganzen Menschheit ! 
Die KBniglich Predssische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 

ROETHE. DIELS. WALDEYER. PLANCK. 



Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Munich 

Der Koniglichen Gesellschaft zu Lo>7don, gegriindet zu einer Zeit, in 
welcher nur im Geburtslande der neueren Kultur und auch hier nur als eine 
ephemere Schfipfung fiirstlicher Gunst (der besonders von Schiilem Galileis 
gebildete ' Cimento ' in Florenz) eine Akademie zur Pflege der exakten 
Wissenschaften entstand, und seitdem durch ihre Tiitigkeit ununterbrochen 
einen eminenten Einfluss auf die Fortschritte in der Erforschung der Natur 
ausiibend, sendet hiemit zu ihrem 250jahrigen Wiegenfeste eine urn 100 
Jahre jiingere Sehwester, die Koniglich Bayerische Akademie der Wissen- 
schaften zu MiJNCHEN, ihre aufrichtigsten Gliickwlinsche. 

Mmichen, im Jvli 1913. 

Dr. von HEIGEL, Prdsident. 

Dr. v. GOEBEL, Sekretdr der mathemafisch-physikalhchen Klasse. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 51 



Natural Science Union, Hamburg 

Der Naturwissenschaftliche Verein in Hamburc. dankt der Royal Society 
in London bestens fiir die Einladung zum zweihundertfunfzigsten Stiftungs- 
feste und sendet ihr in freudigster Anerkennung ihrer hohen Verdienste um 
unsere Wissenschaft die herzlichsten Gluckwiinsche. Miige sie weiter wachsen, 
bliihen und gedeihen als leuchtendes Beispiel fiir alle Volker und alle Zeiten. 

Prof. Dr. G. GURICH, /. Vorsitzender. 



ITALY 

University of Rome 

Universitas Studiorum Romana libentissimo animo se sociam ceteris 
omnibus optimarum artiurn institutis, quotquot in orbe terrarum sunt, addit, 
ut una cum iis Societati Regali Londinensi, quae per CCL ex quo condita 
est annos (grande et gloriae plenum aevi spatium) liberales disciplinas summo 
opere promoverit atque propagaverit, maximam admirationem gratumque 
animum profiteatur. Nam ista Societas postquam a Bacone illo Verulamiensi 
animo est concepta, quo tempore disciplinae omnes miro quodam virorum 
doctorum studio renovabantur atque ut ille apud Britannos, ita in Academiis 
Linceorum et Experimenti nostrates, Galileius eiusque discipuli, rerum 
natura qua ratione esset pervestiganda docebant, exemplo praemonstrabant, 
ab incunabulis suis usque ad hoc tempus in optimis artibus colendis promo- 
vendisque nunquam viam ceteris munire destitit ; quidquid autem eius 
auspiciis aut inventum aut investigatum est, id omnibus est hominibus 
patefactum celeberrimis editis actis'quibus nomen est Philosophical Trans- 
actions, quo exemplo usi sunt ceteri ad sua quoque inventa in lucem pro- 
ferenda. Magnum Newtonii nomen est cum Societate Regali Londinensi 
tam arte coniunctum, ut nemo possit de illius optimis inventis cogitare quin 
statim in Societatis memoriam redeat, cui ille usque ad extremum vitae 
diem praefuerit. Universitas Studiorum Romana vota pro Societate Regali 
Londinensi nuncupat precaturque ut prospera semper utatur fortuna atque 
summa ut nunc in perpetuum floreat gloria. Delegatus est qui personam 
Universitatis Regiae Romanae gerat V. Volterra, Eques torquatus, physicae 
mathematicae Professor ordinarius, inter Senatores Italici regni adlectus, 
Facultatis scientiarum Praeses. 

Romae, Die I mensh lulii MCMXII. 

ALBERTUS TONELLI, Rector Romanae Universitatis. 
E 2 



52 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



University of Bologna 

Regau Societati rebus naturalibus cognoscendis Londini ante annos prope 
CCL institutae nunc feriis indictis natalem suuni celebranti Universitas 
litterarum et artium Bononiensis fausta omnia, proinde ac merita est, spe 
bona certaque precatur. 

Namque alid ex alio clarescet, nee tibi caeca 
nox iter eripiet quin ultima naturai 
pervideas : ita res accendent lumina rebus. 

Bononiae, VIII Kal. ltd. a. MCMXII. 

LEO PESCI, Rector Universitatis. 



University of Palermo 

Rector Senatus Peofessores Athevaei Panhormitani Pkaesidi Concilio 
SoDAUBUs Regiae Societatis Londinensis S. D. — Qua estis humanitate, annum 
quinquagesimum et ducentesimum concelebratui'i, ex quo Carolus II regio 
rescripto Societatem vestram constituit, unum e nostro numero vobiscum 
Londini esse concupivistis. Quod maxima nos voluptate adfecit. Vetus 
enim amor coniunctioque inter Italos Britannosque est manetque nobis, ut 
Vergiliano illo versu utamur, alta mente repostum quanto studio Britanni 
Italiae renascentis exordia prosecuti sint. Cuius amoris vinculo quo Itali et 
Britanni coniunguntur, alteram additum est, quo praesertim Athenaeum 
nostrum Societati vestrae adhaeret, ex quo Stanislaum Cannizzarum qui, in 
hac urbe natus, in Athenaeo nostro decern circiter annos adolescentes docuit 
atque erudivit antequam Romam se contulit, in amplissinium Collegium 
vestrum cooptandum et Copleiano nummo ornandum censuistis : cui honori 
vix ullus anteponendus videtur, cum Societas vestra de tot ingeniis mirifice 
excellentibus glorietur et, si quis ab ultimo fere initio rem repetere velit, de 
Newtono illo, sodali vestro et praeside, tarn magni animi viro, ut, Galilaei 
nostri ardorem aemulatus, animo morituro caeli claustra perruperit polumque 
rotundura percurrerit. Ergo ex nostro numero libentissime clarissimum 
sodalem nostrum Iohanneji Baptistam Gucciah misimus qui votorum no- 
strorum interpres et nuntius his diebus vobiscum bona omnia vobis 
Societatique vestrae precaretur. Valete. 

Datum Paiilwrmi, Id. lun. A. MDCCCCXII. 

' FED. RAFFAELE, Rector. 

V. USSANI, Ab Epistulk Latinis. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 58 

Royal Academy of the Lincei, Rome 

Regia Lynceorum Academia Clarissimo Peaesidi Conciuo atque Regiae 
SociETATis LoNDiNENsis SoDALiBUs Salutem. — Longo iam temporis spatio 
luxiu'iosae ac munificae suae vitae ista praeclara Regia Societas homines clari- 
tate praestantes, quorum magnos gerit spiritus genus humanum, domum suam 
recepit. His diebus festis ad memoriam servandam atque colendam indictis 
veteris et praeclarae Societatis, quae, anno MDCLXII, Rege Carolo II 
auspice, orta est, Societates omnes, quibus maxime sunt cordi humanae 
scientiae progressus, bona omnia mittunt. Regia Lynceorum Academia, 
me auctore, summam suam animi voluptatem significat et diei Regiae Lon- 
dinensis Societatis natalis particeps est. 

Romae, Mense Ivlio MCMXII. 

PETRUS BLASERNA, Praeses. 



MONACO 

OCEANOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE 

L'Institut oc^anographique fonde par le Prince de Monaco s'associe aux 
temoignages de respect que bien des corps scientifiques adressent aujourd'hui 
a leur doyenne en songeant avec reconnaissance aux efforts qu'elle fit avant 
tout autre pour agrandir le domaine de I'esprit. Les savants groupes autour 
du Prince apportent leurs felicitations pour ce 250"° anniversaire avec un 
empressement d'autant plus cordial que les savants anglais sont les premiers 
qui aient compris Timportance du role devolu a TOceanographie dans le 
progres des connaissances humaines. Cette circonstance est favorable pour 
reconnaitre la haute influence que la Societe Royale de Londres a su exercer 
sur le developpement scientifique de TAngleterre en faisant naitre parmi les 
esprits cultives la puissance de Tinitiative. C'est ainsi que les grandes 
exptjditions scientifiques con9ues par les savants de TAngleterre ont ^te presque 
toujours rendues effectives par le concours des particuliers. Souvent TEtat 
a joint sa contribution en homnies et en nature aux grandes entreprises telles 
que la croisiere du Challenger ; puisse-t-il intervenir plus largement encore 
pour la solution des problemes scientifiques dont la recherche etablit mieux 
que toute autre manifestation d'energie le prestige moral d'une nation. Un 
Etat qui favorise la culture de I'esprit sans entraver le libre essor des opinions 
fait honneur au pays dont il est une emanation. D'ailleurs la Grande 
Bretagne qui a montre comment un peuple edifie sa puissance, son prestige et 
sa prosperite en respectant ce qu'il y a de noble et d'emouvant dans ses 
traditions, la Grande Bretagne possede dej4, avec la longue existence de votre 
Societe Royale, la tradition scientifique. Aussi une ehte intellectuelle vient 



54 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

aujourd'hui saluer le genie du Peuple Britaiinique dans una de ses plus belles 
fructifications. Les hommes de science ne revendiquent pas un privilege 
exclusif dans revolution de la mentalite humaine : de grands cerveaux ont 
cultive les elements de celle-ci lorsque la science n'existait pas encore, niais 
quand, deja, la recherche de la verite en toute chose lui preparait les voies. 
Cest pourquoi nous voulons glorifier la memoire des homines qui se sont 
illustres dans les diverses branches de Tactivite intellectuelle, qui ont repandu 
sur la Grande Bretagne les premiers bienfaits de la civilisation modeme, 
et dont la renommee se confond avec celle de la Societe Royale, 

ALBERT, P'^^ DE Monaco. 



NETHERLANDS 

University of Amsterdam 

SociETATis Regalis Praesidi, Concilio, Sodalibus, vieis amplissimis. 
Rector et Senatus Universitatis Amstelodamensis, S. P. D. — Societas 
Regalis illustrissima per CCL annos vim illam scientiae insitam in usum 
generis humani promovit. Quam ob rem magno et sincero gaudio affecti cum 
per legatum nostrum C. Winkler, virum clarissimum, ad Vos missuni, tum 
per hanc epistulam soUemnem, quantum Vestrae laetitiae simus participes, 
libenter profitemur. Quid scientia sodalibus Vestris, summis illis viris, quid 
verbis et faetis Societatis Vestrae non minus Patria Vestra quam mundus 
debeat universus, grato animo recordamur. Utinam labores et studia, quae 
ad hunc diem in promovendas artes impendere voluistis, ad lucem veritatis 
diffundendam et vim scientiae augendam aptissima, per futura quoque 
tempora splendeant semper clarissimeque conspiciantur. 

Dabamus Amstehdami, die XI mensis lulii A. D. MCMXII. 

Dr. C. WINKLER, Rectore Magntfico. 
J. D. v. d. WAALS, Jr., Senatus Actuario. 



University of Groningen 

Societati Regali peg Scientia Natueau proiMovenda Londinii conditae 
Senatus Universitatis Geoninganae S. P. D. Q. B. F. F. F. Q. S.^Si bene 
et sapienter a maioribus nostris institutum est, ut singuli homines quotannis 
diem suum natalem celebrent, quo vitam ante actam paulisper saltern respicere 
possint, non minus prudenter eadem consuetudo diei natalis celebrandi etiam 
ad universitates translata esse videtur. Quapropter, viri illustrissinii, magno- 
pere gaudemus, quod vos urbem celeberrimam flegotiosissimam frequentissimam 



I 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 55 

incolentes, hunc diem festum, quo ducentis quinquaginta annis ante Societas 
vestra a Carolo Secundo, rege augustissimo, constituta est, silentio praeterire 
noluistis. lam vobiscum longum illiid tenipus memoria recolentes laetamur, 
quod Societas vestra tamdiu floruit viguitque, gratulamur autem, quod 
Humerus Sodalium semper augetur neque eorum studium et diligentia umquam 
remissa est, denique vehementer speramus fore ut Societatis vestrae gloria et 
felicitas etiam in posterum firmentur. Petentibus vobis, ut unus e coetu 
nostro ad vos delegaretur, qui vobiscum dies festos concelebraret, Senatus 
Universitatis Groninganae decrevit ut ipse Rector, v. cl. Gerardus Cornelius 
NiJHOFF, ad vos legatus mitteretur. Nos autem eiusdem Senatus decreto 
sollemni obsecuti banc gratulationem et haec vota sincera ad vos misinms. 

Groningae, Kalendis luliis MCMXII. 

G. C. NIJHOFF, Senatus Univ. Gron. Rector. 
J. H. KERN, Senatus Univ. Gron. Ab actis. 



University of Leyden 

SOCIETATI ReGIAE LoNDINENSI FELICITEE PERACTUM aUINaUAGESIMUM LUSTRUM 

GRATULANTUR Universktatis Lugduno-Batavae Rector ET Senatus. — Laetissi- 
mas iam iam celebraturis ferias ex animi sententia Vobis gratulamur, utpote 
qui Vobiscum gaudeamus longum et memorabile respicientes tenipus a Vestra 
peractum Societate, nee minus decus illud vigoremque contemplantes quo 
nunc splendet ilia nitetque. Quod dum facimus, simul mente pia illorum 
virorum recolimus memoriam, qui pauci numero — atque in ea re Vestra patria 
fere ceteris omnibus regionibus nionstravit viam — coierunt ut naturae dete- 
gerent arcana et prudentibus accuratisque inquisitionibus coUectam doctrinam 
in omnium mortalium converterent utilitatem. Ex illo surculo, strenue 
adiuvantibus viris illustribus, ipsa adiuvante Republica legibus opibusque 
suis, sed praesertim Sociis Vestris praeclaras suas mentis dotes indefessamque 
industriam intendentibus, sanctissima ilia succrevit arbor, quae nunc umbra 
sua tegit recrcatquc totum campum ilium disciplinarum physicarum, qui per 
totum orbem terrarum extenditur. Vestra historia, quae nobis exhibuit ilia 
nunquam interituro splendentia fulgore ingenia, Newtoni, Harveii, Darwinii, 
Kelvini, aliorum, eximias quasdam implet paginas libri quo universae humani- 
tatis fata enarrantur celebranturque. Ilia nobis exponit ars geometrica 
quomodo bunianae mentis opibus subsidio venerit, caeli profunda quae sit 
emensa ratio, qua sint sagacitatc extremi naturae perlustrati recessus, mor- 
borum avertendorum reprimendorumque quae sint inventae artes. Cumque 
semper singulorum doctorum conamina prudenti sustentastis atque incitastis 
admonitione, saepe, cum initum esset aliquod consilium egregium sed unius 
populi superaturuni vires, Vos auctores fuistis communis cuiusdam militiae 



56 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

omnibus gentibus allaturae salutem et prosperitatem. Gratissimo vero animo 
laetissimis hisce diebus quibus vinculis Vobiscum iiincti fiierint pernmlti viri 
qui in nostra patria naturae legibus investigandis dederunt operara recordamur. 
Vobis acceptuni referre nunquam desinemus quod Leeuwenhoekius noster suas 
de animalibus microscopicis disquisitiones in lucem edere communem potuit ; 
Huygensium quem tamquam physicorum nostrorum principem suspicimus 
colimusque, semper cum proavis Vestris de gravissimis rebus iniisse consilia 
tenemus memoria. Neque nostro tempore deesse Neerlandicos doctos, atque 
ipsius huius Universitatis alumnos, qui extranei socii Vobis sint adscripti 
laetamur gloriamurque. Quas res pia grataque recolentes mente ex animi 
sententia pro Vestrae Societatis vota facimus salute. Sint futura praeteritis 
similia tempora, atque in longam annorum seriem jjergat Societas Vestra cum 
toti vitae humanae turn disciplinis illis augustis salutiferisque lucem ferre 
subsidiumque. 

Lugduni Batavorum, d. vi m. lulii MCMXII. 

F. PIJPER, Rector. 

B. D. EERDMANS, Actuarius. 



University of Utrecht 

Societatis Regalis Londinensis Peaesidi Coxcilio Sodalibus S. P. D. 
Senatus Universitatis Ultbaiectinae. — Propter Societatis Vestrae dignitatem 
et doctrinae celebritatem eximiam cum Rectorem Magnificum huiusce Acade- 
miae ad Vos, Viri Doctissimi, legavimus, ut nostro nomine praesentes Vos 
compellaret sensumque erga Vos nostrum obsequiumque declararet, tum com- 
mittere non potuimus quin per has litteras diem natalicium Vestrae Societatis 
ducentesimum quinquagesimum Vobis ex animo gratularemur. Quae quantum 
in scientia naturali proinovenda laborarit quamque uberriniis fructibus 
humanum genus per lustra ilia quinquaginta bearit, cum nemo ignoret, nunc 
commemorare non decet ; hoc vero et nos et omnes scientiarum amantes precari 
vel maxime decet ut diem soUemnem Deus O. M. Vobis^fortunet, Societatem 
Vestram usque servet incolumem florentemque atque omni bonorum abun- 
dantia cumulet. Valete, Viri Illustrissimi antistites Societatis Regalis 
insignissimi, Vobisque ita persuadeatis nos nihil magis optare quam ut diu 
porro et nos et omnes scientiae studiosi subsidio Vestro ac luce fruamur. 
Iterum Valete. 

Datum Traiecti ad Rhenum, Idibm luliis A. S. MCMXII. 

A. A. NIJLAND, h. t. Rector Magnifiats. 
C. EIJKMAN, h. t. ActuaHm. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 57 

Royal Acabemy of Sciences, Amsterdam 

The Royal Academy of Sciences of Amsterdam offers its best con- 
gratulations to the Royal Society of London on the occasion of the cele- 
bration of its two hundred and fiftieth anniversary. In these two hundred 
and fifty years Science has reached a high degree of development, to which 
the Royal Society, as one of the earliest scientific institutions, has powerfully 
contributed. The Royal Academy of Sciences remembers with pleasure the 
feelings of friendship which have always existed between the Royal Society 
and Dutch scholars throughout the period of its existence. For ever memo- 
rable, not only to the Academy, but also to the whole of the Dutch nation, 
will be the encouragement which the Royal Society shortly after its founda- 
tion gave to Leeuwenhoek by appointing him a Fellow of the Society in 1679, 
a distinction highly valued by him, and which has undoubtedly been pro- 
motive both to the production and to the spread of his inventions, which he 
communicated in a correspondence with the Royal Society extending over 
forty-four years. Further the Academy recalls on this occasion with great 
acknowledgement, how Christian Huygens, the contemporary and corre- 
spondent of Newton, Flamsteed, Boyle, Locke, with which famous men he was 
personally acquainted, was one of the first foreign members of the Royal 
Society. And how on Boerhaave, also a Fellow of the Royal Society, the 
special honour was conferred that Cromwell Mortimer, then Secretai-y of the 
Royal Society, dedicated the thirty-ninth volume of the Philosophkal 
Transactions to this scholar in 1735. The Royal Academy of Sciences 
wishes the Royal Society many years of great prosperity, and expresses the 
hope that the mutual feelings of friendship, which have been entertained for 
two and a half centuries, may continue to exist in the future. 
Amsterdam, July 1912. 

P. D. CHANTEPIE DE LA SAUSSAYE, President. 

P. ZEEMAl<i^Secretary. 

Dutch Society of Sciences, Haarlem 

The President and Council of the Dutch Society of Sciences offer their 
most sincere congratulations to the Royal Society on the occasion of its 
250th anniversary. Few Societies can look back on an uninterrupted existence 
of two and a half centuries, less on a continuous activity during so long 
a time and none on a higher class of scientific work than that published 
by the Royal Society. The President and Council of the Dutch Society of 
Sciences can therefore frame no better wish, than that the Royal Society may 
for many more centuries continue to promote knowledge and consequently 
human happiness in the same admirable way as heretofore. For the Presi- 
dent and Council of the Dutch Society of Sciences, 

Haarlem, July 12th, 1912. LOTS Y, perpetual Secretary. 



58 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Batavian Society of Expehimental Philosophy, 

Rotterdam 

Regali Societati Societas Philosophiae Experimen'talis Batava, anno 
MDCCLIX a Steven Hoogendijk Roterodami instituta, Salutem. — Ducenti 
quinquaginta fere anni sunt ex quo Carolus Secundus Rex, ut artes atque 
scientias, praesertim philosophica studia, quae solidis experimentis conantur 
aut novam extundere philosophiam aut expolire veterem, promoveret, Socie- 
tatem instituit consistentem de Praesidente Concilio et Sodalibus, quae 
vocabatur et nuncupabatur Regalis Societas. Sodalium eius magna multitudo 
iam dudum immortali doctrinae et ingenii acuminis gloria in omnibus orbis 
terrarum partibus floret per ea opera quae magnam partem in libris Philo- 
sophical Transacticym, qui dicuntur, servantur. Neque minus qui in eorum 
locum successerunt optimis artibus maximaque eruditione studia philosophica 
colere et famam Regalis Societatis tueri pergunt. Optimo igitur iure Socie- 
tatem vestram fundatam celebratis. Societas nostra, quae isdem studiis 
operam dat, vobis successum ex inio pectore gratulatur et ut in posterum 
quoque Societati vestrae non modo eadem gloria frui sed etiam magis 
magisque crescere detur optat et orat. Quanto studio vobiscum concele- 
braremus natalem Societatis ut significaremus, hoc documentum, signatum 
sigillo nostro cum voce, ' Certos feret expeiientia fructus,' conficiendum et vobis 
mittendum curavimus. 

Datum Roterodami, die XIV mensis lulii MCMXII. 
Nomine Societatis philosophiae eocperimentalis Batavae : 

S. BIRNIE, Praeses. 

R. H. VAN DORSTEN, Ab actis. 

NORWAY 

Royal University of Noravay, Christiania 

The Royal University of Norway to the Royal Society of London, 
Greeting. A quarter of a millennium has elapsed since the foundation of the 
Royal Society. Since the days of Boyle and Newton, the Royal Society has 
enrolled on its list of members the names of almost all the eminent scientists 
of Great Britain, and among these are recorded the illustrious names of 
founders of all branches of modern science. Always alive to the vast 
importance of science to the various spheres of mental life throughout the 
world, the Royal Society has, in all likelihood, contributed more towards 
the development and advancement of mankind than any other scientific 
association. As a natural consequence of this leading position among 



I 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 59 

scientific institutions, the Royal Society has suggested the foundation of 
'the International Association of Academies', and has thus enhanced the 
prospect of establishing solidarity within the domains of scientific research 
throughout the universe. The innumerable momentous scientific results and 
the fundamental ideas this illustrious Society has given to the world merit 
the admiration and gratitude of all, especially of the scientific institutions of 
all countries. The Royal University of Norway therefore begs to express its 
gratitude for the weighty contributions your Society has yielded to the 
common work of culture, and tenders heartiest greetings and congratulations 
on the occasion of your 250th anniversary, coupled with best wishes for ever 
increasing prosperity. 

Christiania, July 4^h, 1912. 

BREDO MORGENSTIERNE, Rector. 

CHR. AUG. ORLAND, Secretary. 



Academy of Sciences, Christiania 

SociETATi Regali Academia Scientiarum Christianiensis S. — In natura 
rerum pervestiganda per hosce ducentos quinquaginta annos Societas Regalis 
fulget velut sol splendens, qui vi radiorum penetralia rerum occulta perfringit 
atque modes illustrat multiplices variosque, quibus in mundo animate inani- 
moque cum per orbem terrarum turn per spatium caeleste viget natura. 
Magnum agmen virorum, qui in studiis eminuerunt quorumque nomina 
praeclara cum Societate Regali conexa sunt, societates sororiae verecunde 
grateque recordantur, quarum numero coniungi iuvenis nostra societas, quae 
non minus ducentis annis post vestram instituta est, honorem sibi ducit et 
magnopere gaudet, cum pie vobis salutem plurimam scribit optatque ut 
Societas Regalis cursum suum tenere itaque honorem patriae augere univer- 
soque generi humano prodesse pergat. 



RUSSIA 

Imperial Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 

Ampussimae Societatis Regalis Londinensis Praesidi Cokciho Sodalibus 
Impeeialis Academia Scientiarum Petropohtana S. P. D. — Cum recitarentur 
in concilio nostro literae vestrae humanissime nos invitantes, ut sollemni- 
bus, quibus ducentesimum quinquagesimum Societatis vestrae diem natalem 
celebraturi estis, per legatum nostrum adessemus, ultro subiit animps illius 
temporis recordatio, quo Academia nostra, vixdum secundum aetatis annum 
ingressa, per epistulam, ab ipso Isaaco Newton, immortalis viro memoriae, ad 



60 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

concilium Societatis Londinensis relatam, tamquam soror sororem natu 
maiorem adloquens, Societatem multis inagnisque ingeniosae eruditionis 
operibus iatn turn nobilitatam rogabat, ut sibi faveret studiorumque suorum 
primitias benivole acciperet. Eadem semper reverentia Academia Petro- 
politana acerrimam fecundissimamque Societatis vestrae industriam prosecuta 
est, eadem nunc observantia ei gratulatur ducentos quinquaginta annos ita ab 
ea peractos, ut priorum temporum gloriam novarum laudum cumulaverit 
splendore atque etiam ad recentissimos naturae rerum cognitionis progressus 
quam plurimum se contulisse iure gloriari possit. Quorum meritorum magni- 
tudinem vehementer admirantes et praeteritis praesentibusque futura 
augurantes, enixe exoptamus ut Societas Regalis Londinensis per infinitam 
saeculorum seriem vigens ac florens sincerae veri inquisitionis lumen et 
columen permaneat. 

Datum Petropoli, die XVI menm Mai anni MDCCCCXII luliani. 

Pro Academiae Praeside, PETRUS NIKITIN. 
Secretarim perpetuus, SERGIUS DE OLDENBURG. 



University of Moscow 

Q. B. F. F. F. Q. S. Vetustissima Russicarum Universitas Caesarea 
MosQUENsis Vetustissimae Britannicarum Societati Regali Londinensi 
S. D. p. — Magna sunt per annos ducentos quinquaginta Societatis Vestrae 
amplissimae in litteras merita, cuius sodales fuerunt viri clarissimi et doctis- 
simi, qui et mathematicas artes et de rerum natura doctrinam studiis suis 
scriptisque valde adiuverunt. Nam commentarii vestri cum alii, turn ii qui 
Philosophical Transactions inscribuntur, thesaurus est omnis doctrinae, quae 
per multos annos collecta per multos annos posteris usui futura est. Quo 
factum est ut in Societatem Vestram recipi ab omnibus viris doctis pro 
maximo honore haberetur. Qui honor quod nostris quoque nonnullis pro- 
fessoribus delatus, non minus id nobis gratum est, quam quod in numero 
sociorum honorariorum Universitatis nostrae aliquot viros doctissimos Britannos 
habemus, qui iidem Societatis Vestrae sodales sunt. Sed quoniam Societas 
Vestra cum ceterarum gentium doctissimos homines sibi asciscit, tum maxime 
Britannos, Universitas nostra, cum illi gratulatur, Britannorum vim ingenii 
praedicat, cui omne genus humanum tam multa inventa tantosque in omnium 
rerum magnarum scientia progressus gratissimo animo debet. Vivat crescat 
floreat Societas Regalis Londinensis per innumerabilem seriem annorum. 

Mosquae, D. XII lunii A. MCMXII. 

Rector Universitatis Mosqmnsis : MATTHAEUS LUBAWSKY. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 61 

University of Odessa 

Regaij Societati LoNDiNiENsr. Univeksitas Caesabea Novoeossica 
maxima admiratione permota Clarissimorum de litteris artibusque optime 
meritorum Virorum, quorum memoriam Societas Regalis Londiniensis nunc 
annum ducentesimum quinquagesimum agens celebrat, gratissimo animo 
Doctissimos lUustrissimos Sodales salutat et optat cupitque, ut iis eadem via 
gloriosissima pergere et litteris prosperrima fortuna colendis totum genus 
humanum semper maximis beneficiis afficere liceat. 

Odessa, 28 lunii 1912. 

Rector: SERGIUS LEVASOFF. 

University of Warsaw 

Inclitae Societatis Regalis Londinensis Pbaesidi, Concilio, Sodalibps 
Universitatis Caesaeeae Vaesaviensis Rector et Senatus S. P. D. — Quod 
ducentesimum quinquagesimum natalem illustrissimae Societatis Vestrae 
sollemniter celebraturi huius laetitiae nos quoque participes esse voluistis, 
pergratum nobis est. Summa enim reverentia atque admiratione immortalis 
gloriae virorum doctorum recordamur, qui per hos CCL annos inter sodales 
Vestros recepti vel scientiarum doctrinarumque experimentalium nova eaque 
firmiora fundamenta posuerunt, vel in iis promovendis usque ad nostram 
aetatem maxima diligentia optimoque eventu elaborarunt. Quis est porro 
quin sciat, Societatem Vestram, certis sapienterque inventis legibus et 
praeceptis fultam, omnibus scientiae naturalis partibus excolendis strenue 
sagaciterque studuisse atque, quotiescunque rerum naturae investigationis 
utilitas postulaverit, pro virili parte operam praebuisse, ut optimo iure 
Britanniae decus haberi interque clarissima totius orbis instituta, bonarum 
artium studia spectantia, numerari possit. Quae omnia reputantes atque in 
ipsis fundamentis et principiis, quibus labores et studia illustrissimae Societatis 
Vestrae nituntur, pignus quoddam perpetui naturae cognitionis processus 
incrementique perspicientes, CCL annos feliciter peractos Ei congratulamur 
piisque animis exoptamus, ut insequentibus quoque saeculis eodem quo adhuc 
successu pro communi generis humani gloria atque utilitate laborare pergat. 
Valete, Viri doctissimi, nosque Vobis commendatos habete. 

Datum Varsaviae, a. d. IV, Kalendas lunias a. MDCCCCXII. 

Senatus Academici nomine : 
I. TREPICIN, /*. t. Rector Universitatis. 
S. VECHOV, h. t. Decanus ordinis historiconim et philologorum. 

P. MITROPHANOV, h. t. Decanus ordinis physicortim et 

mathematicontm. 

TH. SIGEL, /*. t. Decanus ordinis iurisconsultorum. 

A. KOLOSOV, h. t. Decanus ordinis medicorum. 



62 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Imperial Society of Naturalists, Moscow 

SociETATi Regali (Londiiiiensi) Societas Caesaeea Naturae Curiosoruai 
MosauENsis S. D. P. — Omnium quae sunt in Rossia Physicorum societates 
antiquissima Caesarea Societas Naturae Studiosorum, a. MDCCCV condita, 
Societati Regali lustrum quinquagesimum celebranti pio lubentique gratulatur 
animo, gratissima recolens memoria quantum Societas lUustrissima hoc longo 
spatio ad disciplinas physicas propagandas tribuerit, quantamque ob ingentia 
erga universum genus humanum merita auctoritatem apud omnes ubicumque 
sunt viros doctos, scientiarum quae dicuntur exactarum cultores, optimo iure 
habeat. Quis enim est qui nesciat, quam saepe Societas Vestra virorum 
doctorum agmina in diversas ingentis Imperii Britannici partes sua impensa 
legaverit, quibus ex legationibus praecipue eminet ilia quae Challengeri ducis 
nomen prae se fert, vel ilia altera quae solis discum Veneris sidere occultatum 
observavit ? Summa omnino liberalitate sodales sociosque suos Societas Regalis 
adsiduo adiuvabat, ita ut omnes denique oceanos omnesque orbis teiTarum 
partes fructiferis laboribus suis amplexa sit, cui rei Philosophical Transactions 
illae, quae inde ab anno MDCLXIV eduntur, nee non Proceedings, qui iam 
amplius centum annos florent, luculentissimo documento plane sunt. Crescat 
ergo lUustrissima Societas, permaneat in iis rationibus, quas Oxonienses illi 
Societatis Creatores secuti sunt postque hos egregii Sodales pio animo coluere 
coluntque, quorum quod multi clarissimi viri nostrae Societatis Socii Honorarii 
sunt, suramo est nobis gaudio. 

Praeses: Prof. emer. N. UMOW. 
Vice-Praeses : Prof. emer. A. SABANEJEFF. 
Secretarii : Prof. ord. Dr. E. LEYST, 
V. DEINEGA. 

Dedimus Mosquae, die XVI mensis lulii, a. MCMXII. 



FINLAND 

University of Finland, Helsingfors 

Societatis Regalis pro Scientia Naturau promovenda Praesidi Consilio 
ET Sodalibus Rector et Senatus Imperialis Universitatis Alexandreae 
FiNLANDENsis Salutem. — In Regali Societate Vestra hodie ducentos quinqua- 
ginta annos celebratura e longe diversis excultorum populorum civitatibus 
permulti confluunt ab academiis, Universitatibus, doctrinae institutis legati, 
ut illi verecunde gratulantes tam decoram niemoriam rite revocent et cum 
Sodalibus Vestrae Societatis laetentur, quod ea ipsa usque per saecula magnam 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 63 

vim suam servavit et auxit. Ac felici quidetn tempore instituta est Societas 
Regalis, quo tempore cognitio naturae experimentis niti et valere et latins 
manare coepit, quo primo est intellectum quantum ilia ratione adhibita res 
naturae obscurae et absconditae erui possint, quo innumerae his in rebus 
quaestiones quasi proruperunt, quo propter methodorum et operum novitatem 
in immensis camporum nondum cultorum spatiis omnis conatus magnos attulit 
scientiae fructus et novas cognoscendi vias invenit. Multa et praeclara in 
Regalis Societatis Annalibus servantur nomina et ex initiis illis et ex tanto 
praeteriti iam temporis tenore, et quidquid magni in seientiis naturae per has 
aetates profectum est, id fere onine variis modis cum operibus sive ipsius 
Societatis sive Sodalibus eius reperietur coniunctum. Clarissimum autem 
inter nomina ilia tamquam sidus Isaaci Newton fulget, qui quideni immortalem 
adeptus honorem reperta universali corporum caelestium attractione non 
solum ex una repetivit lege eorum corporum motus, quae velut summa 
suoque genere absoluta in ceteris frustra seientiis expetita est, sed etiam 
fiindamenta posuit cogitandi rationi ad logices artem aptius accommodandae 
et omnino ei intellegendi niori, qui recentiore humanitatis cultu continetur. 
Regali Societate constituta magis magisque et consociati sunt inter se in 
omni scientiarum genere viri docti et quae efFecerunt latius fusa sunt et 
dispersa semina posteritati profutura. Atque etiam si Britannos maxime 
scientiae deditos voluit in unum cogere, in omni tamen orbe terrarum ei baud 
modice debentur vires unitae. Ceteris enim gentibus haec Vestra Societas 
luce clarius propositum est exemplum, quod ut imitarentur monitae quamvis 
longo, ut par fuit, intervallo secutae sunt. Earum igitur rerum, quas multas 
a Vestra Societate impulsi in seientiis viri docti gesserunt, memor eademque 
ad Vos benigne invitata, gratias Vobis agit sinceras Imperialis Universitas 
Alexandrea Finlandensis et Regalem Societatem hac insigni die optimis 
omnibus venerabunde prosequitur. Ex decreto Senatus Universitatis Helsing- 
forsiensis. 

ANDERS DONNER, Rector Magnificits. 

TOR CARPELAN, Secretarim. 



Finnish Society of Sciences, Helsingfous 

To THE Royal Society. — On the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the 
Royal Society the Societas Scientiarum Fennica begs to present its sincere 
congratulations and to express its admiration and profound esteem. The 
Royal Society was already one of the chief centres of science before the time 
when the great author of Principia Mathematica became its president. Vast 
indeed has been the growth of the knowledge which it has witnessed and, 
through its own work, promoted during these two and a half centuries, from 
a time when the Mosaic cosmogony held universal sway and the alchemist 



64 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

was still striving after the philosopher's stone down to the days of Darwinism, 
radioactivity, and the application of science in all departments of human life. 
It has seen the birth of many academies, from the antipodes almost to the 
polar circle, but ever maintains in their midst its position of leadership. Its 
publications, beginning with the Proceedings and Philosophkal Trajuactions, 
and ending with the new International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, still 
carry out to the full its object : ' to improve Natural Knowledge.' To the 
many brilliant names which have illuminated its annals, and still do so, new 
ones will be added in the future ; and each time a fresh star flashes into being 
in this bright constellation — one of the greatest in the firmament of science — 
that admiration will steadily increase which the scientists of the whole world 
feel towards your Society. We have the firm conviction that it will, during 
a limitless future, continue its truly royal work. On behalf of the Societas 

Scientiarum Fennica. 

KNUT TALLQVIST, President. 

ANDERS DONNER, Secretary. 



SWEDEN 

Univeesity of Lund 

SociETATi Rkgali PRO SciENTiA Natueali promovenda. — Societati Vestrae, 
natalem celebraturae CCL annorum, ob egregia in scientiis merita grata 
memorique admiratione imbuta gratulatur Universitas Carolina Lundensis. 
Ut in saeculis iam peractis socii Vestri egregii, quales fuerunt Isaacus Newton 
et Carolus Darwin, summa ingenii sagacitate excellentes naturam rerum 
indagarunt, baud secus in futura quoque saecula confidenter optamus ut Vestri 
recipiantur sodales, qui novis ingenii inventis condiciones sublevaturi humanas, 
nova gloria patriam Vestram inclutam sint affecturi Societatemque Regalem 
celeberrimam. 

Datum Lundae, d. XIV m. lunii a. MCMXII. 

AXEL KOCK, Rector. 

University of Stockholm 

To THE Royal Society of London. — With the deepest feelings of venera- 
tion and thankfulness the University of Stockholji takes part in the 
solemn commemorating of the foundation, a quarter of a millennium ago, 
of the Royal Society of London. The long and glorious history of this 
distinguished Society is the history of a great number of the most prominent 
pathfinders and heroes of science. It is also with the fullest appreciation 
of the great and important influence exerted by the Royal Society upon 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 65 

the development of human knowledge that we beg on this occasion to submit 
our most respectful and hearty congratulations to the first scientific institution 
in the land of Newton and Darwin. 

Stockholm, July, 191^2. Stockholm s Hogskola through 

GERARD DE GEER, Prorector. 

University of Upsala 

Q. B. F. F. Q. S. Universitas Regia Upsaliensis Societati Regai.i 
LoNDiNiENsi Salutem plurimam dicit. — Vobis perhumaniter invitantibus, ut 
diem ilium fortunatum vobiscum celebraremus, quo abhinc CCL annos 
Societas vestra illustrissima rescripto regio constituta est, non mediocri cum 
gaudio obsecuti e nostro numero legavimus sodalem, qui in coetu vestro 
omatissimo grates, gratulationes, vota Universitatis Upsaliensis perferret. 
Nam quod Societas vestra illustrissima magnum sane ac praeclarum sibi 
proposuit, ut scientiam promoveret, id Universitates quoque pariter omnes 
spectant et sequuntur, quamquam illis quidem tot tamque diversa sunt 
munera sustinenda, ut baud semper tantum quantum optandum est in 
scientia novis inventis augenda atque amplificanda elaborare valeant. Nihilo 
tamen minus operae Universitatum atque industriae plurimi in optima quaque 
arte excolenda debentur progressus ; cuius rei Universitas nostra iusta fiducia 
memor eo vobis libentius ac sincerius ex animi sententia congratulatur, quod 
Societas vestra illustrissima tam egregie de omni humanitatis artiumque 
liberalium cultura promerita est quodque tot tantosque viros, in suo quemque 
genere praestantissimos, sodalium in numero habuit. Accedit, quo magis 
etiam vobiscum gaudeamus, suavis memoria recordantium, praesidem ipsum 
illustrissimum Societatis vestrae a nobis olim doctorem honorarium creatum 
esse, unde maior etiam spes nobis certiorque fides suggeritur, amicitiam illam, 
quasi dato pignore, permansuranif quae ut in posterum magis magisque 
firmetur et corroboretur, valde nobis cordi erit. Magna spe tenemur, vos 
in posterum quoque eadem, qua antea, ac maiore etiam fortuna usos multa 
alia sollemnia saecularia cumulata gloria acturos. Valete nobisque favete. 

Dabamus Upsaliae, mense Maio MCMXII. 

Nomine Universitatis Upsaliensis: 

HENRIK SCHiJCK. 
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm 

To THE Royal Society of London. — It is with great and sincere pleasure 
that the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has received an invitation from 
your world-renowned Society to take part in the commemoration festival of 
the 250th anniversary of the Society's foundation, to be held in London on 

F 



66 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

the 16th of July and the two following days ; and the Swedish Academy has 
thought fit to let itself be represented on this great occasion by its Vice- 
President. Your venerable Society, which in the course of time has united 
with itself the greatest scientific names in the history of the world, can with 
legitimate pride look back upon a magnificent work in the service of science 
and for the benefit of mankind. The Royal Swedish Academy therefore feels 
impelled to convey their warmest felicitations, and at the same time to express 
the conviction that your renowned Society will continue henceforth, as in the 
past, to carry the standard of science high. 

Stockholm, 20th June, 1912. 

For the Royal Swedish Academy of Science : 

H. G. SODERBAUM, President. 
HJALMAR TH6eL, v. Secretary. 

SWITZERLAND 

University of Berne 

Universitatis LiTTERARUM Bernensis Rector et Senatus Societatis Regiae 
LoNDiNiENsis Praesidi Conciuo Sodalibus S. D. p. — Postquam Societas 
Regia illustrissima abhinc annos CCL Regis Caroli Secundi regio rescripto 
constituta inter tot societates academias universitates vetustissimas et illus- 
trissimas nostram quoque Almam Matrem in partem diei natalis ducentesimi 
quinquagesimi celebrandi vocavit, libenti gratoque animo coUegam nostrum 
Theophilum Studer, Medicinae et Philosophiae doctorem, Zoologiae et 
Anatomiae comparatae professorem publicum ordinarium, allegavimus, qui 
vobis gratias ageret quam maximas gratulationisque nostrae interpres esset 
disertissimus. Nostro igitur nomine gratuletur vobis ex animi sententia, 
quod Societatis vestrae sodales inde a primis annis superstitione vulgari 
impugnata mentis ingenii oculorum testimonio invocato praeter ceteros illorum 
temporum viros doctos victoriam triumphumque communis qui dicitur sensus 
efFecerunt atque caligine, quae hominum ingeniis offusa erat, discussa totius 
generis humani cultui atque saluti fortiter et strenue inserviverunt. Non 
est quod singula omnium sodalium Societatis vestrae merita enumeremus, 
qui inde ab Isaac Newton usque ad Carolum Darwin in sua quisque scientiae 
naturalis disciplina principes fuerunt, sed nostro nobis iure liceat his diebus 
festis civis nostri primarii Albrechti de Haller theatri anatomici Gottingensis 
praesidis et rectoris, urbis Bernensis luminis et principis, memoriam renovare, 
qui anno MDCCXLIII a Georgio II Rege Britanniae, cuius tum medicus 
aulicus erat, ordini vestro adscriptus vita doctrina scriptis illo honore dignis- 
simum se praebuit. Et quum his proximis annis Hugonem Kronecker, qui 
nunc instituto physiologico Bernensi, quod Hallerianum vocatur, cum 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 67 

diligentia et doctrina praeest, dignum iudicaveritis qui sodalis vester extraneus 
sit, itaque Alma Mater Bernensis a longissimis temporibus artiore quodam 
vinculo cum Societate Regia Londiniensi sit coniuncta, hodie pia vota nostra 
cum vestris coniungimus, ut vivat crescat floreat Societas Regia in aetema 
tempora. Valete nobisque favete. 

Dabamus Bemae, mense lulio anno MCMXII. 

Lilterarum Universitatis Bernensis h. t. Rector Magnificm : 

CAROLUS MARTI, 

Theohgiae Doctor, Theologiae Lhignarum Littera- 
rumque Semiticarum prof. publ. ord. 



University of Geneva 

L'UNivERsiTi; DE Geneve a The Royal Society of London for Promoting 
Natural Knowledge. — Le Recteur et le Se'nat de TUniversite de Geneve 
envoient leurs salutations au President et aux membres de la Royal Society of 
London et leur expriment leurs plus vives felicitations a Toccasion du glorieux 
anniversaire celebre les 16, 17 et 18 Juillet. Nombreux sont les rapports qui 
se sont etablis depuis I'epoque de la Reformation entre les hommes de science 
de la Grande Bretagne et de la Cite genevoise. Dans une adresse remarquable, 
precieuse entre beaucoup, envoyee en 1909 a I'Universite de Geneve, a Toccasion 
du jubile commemoratif de sa fondation, votre President rappelait les noms 
de nos maitres qui ont figure sur la liste d'honneur de la Royal Society. Les 
solennitcs du 250' anniversaire de la fondation de votre Societe nous rappellent 
deux noms de savants anglais qui nous sont chers : celui de Robert Boyle, 
dont les grandes decouvertes sont precisement de Tepoque ou votre illustre 
Compagnie s'est constituee, et qui,_peu de temps auparavant, passait comma 
jeune etudiant deux annees a Geneve ; celui de Sir Humphry Davy qui, apres 
avoir sejournc plus d'une fois dans notre ville, y decedait en 1829 et auquel 
notre petite Republique, toujours jalouse des prerogatives de la haute culture, 
fit des funerailles officielles. Ce souvenir s'est perpe'tue chez nous sous la 
forme d'un prix universitaire qui porte le nom de Davy : recemment encore, la 
vie de ce savant illustre etait donnee en exemple a nos etudiants dans une de nos 
fetes academiques. II nous a paru utile d'evoquer ainsi le passe pour mieux 
exprimer le caractere des liens qui unissent notre Universite a votre savante 
Confr^rie. Que la Royal Society continue a briller au premier rang des 
societes scientifiques ! C'est le vceu ires sincere que forment le Recteur et le 
Senat de TUniversite de Geneve. 

Gemve, Juillet 1912. jr ^ ^^^^^^^^ 

Dr. A. MAYOR. 
f2 



68 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

University of Lausanne 

L'UNivEEsixi: DE Lausanne X la Socitrt royale BRiTANNiauE. — Monsieur 
le President et Messieurs, — Les circonstances ne nous ont pas permis de 
repondre a votre appel et de vous envoyer un d«3egue, Mais nous tenons 
h vous dire qu'en ces jours de fete nous prenons part a votre joie et que, en 
vous presentant nos felicitations pour votre glorieux passe, nous faisons des voeux 
pour votre avenir. Creee par le libre effort de quelques hommes avides de 
penetrer les secrets de la Science, la Societe Royale a re^u, voici deux cent 
cinquante ans, sa premiere charte du roi d'Angleterre Charles II. Tot apres, 
elle attirait, par ses lettres et ses publications, Tattention de tons les savants et 
philosophes du continent. Elle n'a, dans la suite, plus cesse de croitre: 
reunissant des materiaux scientifiques, enrichissant sans relache son admirable 
bibliotheque, donnant le desir et le pouvoir de vdvre a d'autres societes, ses 
sceurs cadettes du Royaume Uni, groupant, a chaque generation, des 
hommes toujours nouveaux, chercheurs modestes ou initiateurs illustres, qui 
prirent part a ses travaux ou, tel le grand Newton, presiderent ses seances. 
Aujourd'hui la Societe Royale est plus puissante, plus active que jamais ; elle 
rend des services a Thumanite entiere ; il n'est personne, dans le monde de la 
culture, qui ne connaisse et respecte son nom. Nous nous joignons a ceux qui 
I'admirent et, avec tant d'autres, nous Rii exprimons notre reconnaissance. 

Lausanne, le SjuiUet 1912. 

Au nom de TUniversiU : 
Le Recteur, 

E. ROSSIER. 



Helvetic Society of Natural Sciences, Geneva 

La Soci£t£ Helv^tique des Sciences Natdeelles X The Royal Society of 
London for Promoting Natural Knowledge. — La Societe Helvetique des 
Sciences Naturelles a tenu a honneur de s'associer au juste tribut d'hom mages 
qui seront rendus par les savants du monde entier a la Royal Society, 
al'occasion du 250" anniversaire de sa fondation. Elle lui apporte ses voeux et 
souhaits les plus sinceres pour Tavenir en meme temps que I'expression de sa 
vive admiration pour le passe'. La Royal Society a droit a la profonde 
reconnaissance de tous en raison des services incomparables rendus a la science 
et a I'humanite par les hommes illustres qu'elle a comptes au nombre de ses 
membres. Leur oeuvre admirable embrasse toutes les branches du savoir 
humain et a rayonne au loin comme un phare etincelant au milieu de TOcean 
des Sciences. Les naturalistes suisses saisissent cette occasion pour rappeler 
le role considerable joue par la science anglaise dans letude de la grande 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 69 

nature alpestrc, role symbolise recemment par Terection du monument elev^ 
dans le site grandiose de Belalp a la memoire de TiJlustre Tyndall et pla«c 
sous I'egide de la Societe Helvetique des Sciences naturelles et du Club alpin 
Suisse. Honneur sdit aux savants dont les travaux portent actueUement au 
loin la renommee de la Science anglaise ! Honneur soit a la Royal Society 
qui n'a cesse de representer avec eclat la haute culture scientifique dans ce 
qu'elle a de plus profond et de plus brillant. 

Geneve, Juilkt 1912. 

Pour le Comite Central de la Societe Helvetique des Sciences Naturelles : 

Le President, Le Vice-President, Le Secretaire, 

ED. SARASIN. R. CHODAT. PH. A. GUYE. 



Federal Technical High School, Zurich 

A LA SoClixi: ROYALE DE LoNDEES, A l'oCCASION DE SON DEUX CENT CINftUAN- 
TIEME ANNIVEESAIKE, l'EcoLE PoLVTECHNIGUE FilDEEAI.E APPOETE SES F±UCITA- 

TiONS ET SES HOMMAGES. — Cet anniversaire attire les regards du monde savant 
tout entier vers votre Societe, si venerable par son glorieux passe, si jeune par 
son inlassable activite. Vos fondateurs ont ete bien inspires, et doues en 
quelque sorte d'une vue prophetique, quand ils assignerent comme but a votre 
Societe Texploration experimentale de la Nature. Les deux cent cinquante 
ans ecoules depuis lors furent d'une fecondite incomparablement plus grande 
que les siecles qui les ont precedes. Des relations nouveUes ont ete decouvertes, 
la chaleur et la mecanique, Toptique et I'electricite se sont reunies dans des 
sciences plus larges et le philosophe, de plus en plus, entre en possession d'une 
vue d'ensemble des phenomenes naturels. Mais plus apparentes encore sont 
les transformations operees dans les conditions de la vie materielle. Par una 
serie de brillantes decouvertes Thomme a decuple ses moyens d'action, sa 
richesse ; la duree de la vie elle-merae a ete prolongee. Dans cette oeuvre, 
Messieurs, votre part a ete grande. L'histoire de la Societe Royale est 
rhistoire d'une notable fraction de la pensee humaine. Vos annales sont 
pleines de noms glorieux, que nous ne pouvons tons enumerer. Quelques-uns, 
tres grands, sont dans toutes les memoires et appartiennent a tous : NewtoUj 
Faraday, Darwin, Maxwell, Joule, Kelvin. D'autres, presents parmi vous et 
tres grands aussi, continuent la lignee de ces illustres devanciers. La Suisse 
que rapproche de votre pays la parente des institutions et un egal amour de la 
liberte a, elle aussi, compris de bonne heure ce que pent la Science pour la 
culture des esprits et la grandeur des nations. Penetree des pensees qui 
animent votre Societe, elle doit a I'esprit experimental le developpement de 
son Industrie et son role initiateur dans les oeuvres d'education. Les fetes 



70 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

auxquelles vous nous avez convies proclament bien haut la vertu efficace d'une 
idee qui fut la votre et qui nous est chere. EUes prouvent au monde entier 
qu'une institution, pour prosperer, pour devenir non seulement grande par la 
Science, mais aussi puissante par son action et bienfaisante par son rayonne- 
ment, doit rester en communion intime avee la masse de rtiumanite qu'elle 
eclaire et qu'elle guide dans sa marche vers de lointaines destinces. La Suisse 
s'associe avec une emotion profonde a des fetes qui sont celles de la Science 
tout entiere et aux voeux que Thumanitc pensante forme pour la Societe Royale. 

ZMrich, Juillet 1912. 

Au nam de FEcole Polytechnique Federale : 

Le President du Conseil, Le Recteur, 

Dr. R. GNEHM. THEODOR VEITER. 



JAPAN 

Imperial Univeksity, Tokyo 

Address of Congratulation from the Imperial University of Tokyo to 
THE Royal Society of London. — {Translation.) The Imjierial University of 
Tokyo is much honoured in being invited by the Royal Society of London to 
participate in the celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
its foundation, and is delighted to join with other Universities and Learned 
Societies in tendering most hearty congratulations on this memorable occasion. 
So marvellous has been the progress of Science during the last two and a half 
centuries, and so illustrious the history of the Royal Society, its foremost 
promoter, that we cannot, in this short address, refer in adequate terms to 
any of the individual work of its Fellows, however important that work may 
be. We can but gratefully recall the fact that the two fundamental laws of 
Nature — the law of universal attraction and the law of evolution — were both 
brought to light by the Fellows of the Royal Society, one of whom held the 
office of President for the long period of twenty-four years and is, probably, 
the greatest man of science the world has ever produced. We would rather 
signalize the profound influence which the Royal Society has had upon man's 
thought. By steadfastly pursuing the great and noble object with which it 
was founded, the Royal Society has not only enlarged the bounds of man's 
knowledge and increased his power and happiness to an extent almost beyond 
words, but has also, especially during the last half-century, broken down 
inherited prejudices and traditional opinions, established freer and more 
direct methods of reasoning, and altogether raised the standard and widened 
the sphere of man's thought. And, immense as are the material benefits 
which Science hsis conferred upon mankind, this greater intellectual freedom 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 71 

and this wider range of thought, which have chiefly followed from the work 
of the Royal Society, are certainly not of less price. Moreover, when we 
remember that the bringing in of this liberal mental attitude has been of 
immense service in remodelling the civilization of Japan within the last fifty 
years, we feel that no words can adequately express our deep sense of 
gratitude. If, on this occasion of world-wide significance, we are allowetl to 
refer to another matter, which still more directly concerns the Imperial 
University of Tokyo, we would gratefully record the valuable assistance 
rendered to us in past days by several, who have since become Fellows of the 
Royal Society, in fostering the spirit of scientific investigation in this country. 
We must not omit to express our grateful thanks also for the active part 
taken by the Royal Society in initiating and organizing the International 
Catalogue of Scientific Literature and the Internationeil Association of 
Academies. Such international organizations are not only of great impor- 
tance for the primary objects with which they have been established, but will 
also be a powerful means of promoting the brotherhood of mankind. In 
conclusion, the Imperial University of Tokyo tenders its most hearty good 
wishes for the prosperity of the Royal Society and hopes that in the future, as 
in the past, it may lead the world in 'The Promotion of Natural Knowledge'. 
On behalf of the Imperial University of Tokyo. 

BARON ARATA HAMAO, President. 
Thejifteenth of June, one thousand nine hundred and twelve. 



Imperial University, Kyoto 

To THE Royal Society of London fob Improving Natural Knowledge, 
Greetings from the Imperial University of Kyoto. — The progress of the 
world is due to the development of "science and art. Especially has the advance- 
ment of the physical sciences been a predominant factor in producing the 
increased welfare of humanity. The philosophy, the literature, and the Arts 
of every age are the flowers of its endeavour ; but it is always the advance- 
ment of the physical sciences that increases our knowledge of nature and 
points the way to its exploitation, thus substantially promoting the well- 
being of mankind. Great Britain has produced many scholars remarkable in 
different spheres of human learning ; but those who are distinguished in the 
physical sciences are especially numerous. This is due in part to the 
innate character of the English people who particularly love positive and 
practical knowledge ; yet more especially is it due to those varied means for 
promoting and encouraging scientific research in which Great Britain abounds. 
The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge was estab- 
lished with the approval of Charles II, and incorporated in sixteen hundred 



72 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

and sixty-two. It is the oldest scientific association in Great Britain, and 
one of the oldest in the world. Among its fellows are included those of the 
greatest scientific eminence in Great Britain ; and by their indefatigable 
activity in the realm of natural science and by their keen counsel, the Society 
has wonderfully fulfilled its purpose. The institution, by the Society, of the 
annual grants for the promotion of scientific research, and of awards of 
various medals to those making important discoveries, has been of great 
service to the progress of knowledge in physical sciences. The publications of 
the Society are among the most useful agencies for encouraging and dis- 
seminating scientific information throughout the world ; and by them Japan 
has been greatly benefited. The Imperial University of Kyoto appreciates 
highly the Society's cordial invitation to participate in the celebration of its* 
two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and herewith commissions her repre- 
sentative to attend the ceremony, paying honour to the Society's glorious past 
and praying for its still more glorious future. 

July 16, 1912. 



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

Clark University, Worcester 

Peaesidi et Sociis Societatis Regiae apud Londinenses Univeesitas 
Claekiana Salutem ! — Viri doctissimi, magno cum gaudio accepimus litteras 
humanissimas, quibus nos ad celebrandum festum diem quo ante hos CCL 
annos Societas vestra diplomate regis constituta est, invitastis ac libentes 
merito nobis videmur vestrae laetitiae participes esse. Itaque legatum nostra- 
rumque gratulationum interpretem creamus et ad vos mittimus virum 
insignem, magistrum exploratoremque rerum naturae, Arthueum Gordon 
Webster, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., physicorum professorem in Universitate 
Clarkiana. Non ignoramus longissimam seriem inclutorum virorum qui 
Societatem Regiam ornaverunt et ornant ; inter alios Newton, Davy, Faraday, 
Young, Hooker, Huxley, Stokes, Kelvin, Lister, Rayleigh, Geikie. Neque 
enim de sola patria Britannica, sed de genere humano Societas vestra propter 
naturam explorandam merita est. lure consanguineo gratulamur vobis, 
quod, si liceat parvum magno conferre, haec Universitas nostra instar Socie- 
tatis vestrae ad promovendam scientiam rerum experientia condita est. 

Datum in urbe Vigomia apiid Massachmettemes, die XXIV merms Mail 
MCMXII. 

G. STANLEY HALL, Praeses. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 73 



Columbia University, New York 

CuRATOEEs Univeesitatis Columbiae IN Urbe Novo Eboraco Peaesidi 
CoNciLio SoDALiBus SociETATis Regaus S. P. D. — Pcrquam nobis acceptum 
exoptatumque accidit quod nos eorum sollemnium testes participesque esse 
voluistis quibus diem natalem Societatis vestrae per annos iam ducentos quin- 
quaginta in scientia naturali promovenda florentis propediera celebraturi essetis. 
Neque enim fieri poterat quin series ilia mirabilis rerum inventarum per 
quas toti generi humano non solum via et ratio naturam complectendi sed 
etiam vitae condicio cotidianae tantum in melius mutata esset, nos quoque 
penitus commoveret. Nam si primam memoriam ordinis vestri repetere libet 
et recordari quam longe aliter de specie et ratione naturae illo atque hoc 
tempore vulgo senserint, difficile est eis satis digne gratias agere qui ingeniis 
studiisque effecerunt ut hodie et qualia sint foedera naturae tan to subtilius 
intellegamus et qualis necessitudo inter hominem ipsum et universam naturam 
intercedat tanto liberius iudicemus. Longum est nee vero hoc loco necesse — 
eminent enim omnibusque qui sapiunt in ore sunt — eos recensere paene innu- 
merabiles qui vestrae Societatis sodales se in caecas veri latebras insinuave- 
runt atque inde victores quid fieri posset, quid nequiret rettulerunt. Duo 
autem, Carolus Lyell et Carolus Darwin, sumino ingenio praestantes, nuUius, 
ut vobis moris est, addicti iurare in verba magistri, rerum cognoscere causas 
tarn feliciter potuerunt ut si quis reperta eorum praetermittere velit, nullo iam 
modo neque de hoc orbe terrae neque de vi et natura animantium neque de 
ipsa omnium hominum consortione quicquam recte cogitare queat. Hi et tot 
alii ex ordine vestro illustrissimo vitam humanam per inventas artes excolue- 
runt omnesque sui memores iure fecerunt merendo. Namque eos, ut ait 
Lucretius divinus ille poeta, 

usiis et impigrae simul experient'm mentis 
patdatim docuit pedetemptim progredientis : 
sic unum quicquid paulatim protrahit aetas 
in medium ratioqne in luminis erigit oras. 

Itaque libenter vobis morigerantes, Nicolaum Mueeay Butlee, Universitatis 
nostrae praesidem, virum et multiplici ingenio praeditum et, ut verbis Evelyn 
vestri utamur, omnia explorare meliora retinere solitum, ad vos legavimus per 
quem velut praesentes et vobis partam gloriam gratularemur et ut peractis 
paria essent futura saecula exoptaremus. Valete. 

Dabamus Novi Eboraci, Idibus Itmiis anno Salutis MDCCCCXII. 

GEORGE L. TIVES, Curatorum Magisier. 
JOHN B, PINE, A Secretin. 



74 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. 

Univeesitas Cornelliana Societatis Regalis LoNDixrENSis Praesidi Con- 
ciLio Sodalibitsque Salutem Plurimam Dicit. — Vobis, viri doctissimi, ex 
aniino gratulamur quod Societas vestra annos ducentos quinquaginta peregit 
laboribus abundantes qui famam vestram gloriamque ad ultimas oras pertu- 
lerint. Summa quidem voluptate cum ceteris universitatibus orbis totius 
terrarum matris societatum omnium quae ad scientiam naturalem potissimum 
spectant promovendam diem natalem reverentes concelebramus. Consilia 
eorum qui die illo memorabili abhinc tot annos fundamenta vestra iecerunt 
vos summa cum laude exsecuti estis atque indagationis rationes veras legesque 
inter omnes gentes splendidissime promovistis. Nos Americani vobiscum non 
lingua solum communi sed etiam eisdem sententiis animisque coniunctissimi 
quodam modo sentimus viros illustres illos innumerabiles qui annales vestros 
nominibus illustraverint quosque vos incitatos coronaveritis nobis quoque 
ipsis esse honori gloriaeque. Quod vos et illi tempore praeterito exemplum 
tarn insigne ceteris ad imitandum proposuistis nos quidem gratiam habemus 
merito infinitam. Quod ad posteros pertinet speramus, quin etiam confidimus 
Societatem vestram annis cedentibus saeculisque beneficia generi toti humano 
benignius etiam atque copiosius esse diffusuram. Cuius Societatis in honorem 
JoHAKNEM Henricum Comstock entomologiae in Universitate nostra professo- 
rem mittebamus qui illis diebus felicibus faustisque mensis lulii proximi 
nostro ipsorum nomine interesset gaudii vestri particeps votorum nostrorum 
interpres atque voluntatis amicissimae. 

J. G. SCHURMAN, Praeaes. 

D. VIII K. Apr. A. D. MDCCCCXII, Ithaca ex Civitate Noveboracensi. 



Harvard University 

Univeesitas Harvaediana Regiae Societati S. P. D. — Societati vestrae 
vetustissimae, viri clarissimi et illustrissimi, propter res in scientia pronio- 
venda gestas, propter sodales, propter nummos viris excellentibus donatos, 
propter illas Transactiones Philosophicas laude summa atque gloria ornatae, 
nostra Universitas his laetis diebus honore potius recepto quam conlato 
gratulationes facit maximas. De expeditionibus vero terra marique susceptis, 
de investigationibus, excogitationibus, inventionibusque ex quibus Sodales 
Regiae Societatis gloriam immortalem consecuti sunt atque de omnibus rebus, 
ne plura dicamus, quae hac Societate fovente naturalem scientiam auxerunt, 
vobis gratulamur. Propter studium autem vestrum atque industriam in 
rerum naturalium cognitione positam meritissimo ad tam altum dignitatis 
gradum pervenistis ut beneficia quae omnes cupiunt, pauci adipiscuntur in 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 73 

praeclarissimos atque illustrissimos vobis confen-e Hceat. Nobis igitur eos 
recordaiitibus huius Universitatis alumnos quos sodales peregrinos cooptavistis 
— inter alios ilium qui fluniinum glacialium est fluxionem raensus et hunc 
quern nullum sidus umquam fefellit — aninmm spiritumque adsumimus. Nee 
de memoria excidere potest ille comes, genere Americanus, civitate Anglus, 
domicilio diu Germanus, qui apud vos nummum memorialem suum instituit, 
apud nos artem physicam profitendam pecuniis suis curavit. Quibus vinculis 
vobiscum coniuncti gaudio laetitiaque, ita ut decet, hoc quidem tempore festo 
complemur atque precamur ut qua laude per saecula peracta Regia Societas 
omata est eadeni aut etiam maiore — si tantum sperare licet — per nova 
saecula in perpetuum fruatur. Valete. 

Scribendo adfuit 

A. L. LOWELL, Praeses. 

Datum Cantabrigiae in Aula Universitatk, Kal. lun. A.D. MDCCCCXII, 
Coll. Harv. CCLXXVI. 



Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore 

Universitas Hopkinsiexsis Societati Regali pro Sciextia Naturali PaoMO- 
VENDA S. p. D. — Nomen Societatis Regalis et gloriam illorum qui inter Sodales 
vestros scientiam promoverunt quis doctorum honiinum aninio non percepit et 
memoria custodivit ? Qua de causa vos comprobamus et vehementer laudamus 
quod, festo per triduum d. XVI-XVIII mensis lulii agendo, illos sodales 
celeberrimos singulari honore decoraturi estis, et voluptate afficimur non 
medioeri quod nos participes esse voluistis. Ergo incluta Societas vestra quae 
rescripto Caroli Secundi constituta iam natalem suum ducentesimum et quin- 
quagesimum vidit nos absentes precamur ut semper novetur et augeatur. 
Atque ut dies festos quos acturi estis eo quo par est honore prosequamur, ex 
nostro ordine Academico Gllielmtjm Bullock Clark delegimus professorem 
illustrem virum Geologiae peritissimum qui praesens vobis gratulandi munus 
obiret et vobiscum Sodalium vestronim memoriam debita laetitia et religione 
celebraret. 

Dabavms Baltimorae, Kal. lun. MCMXII. 

IRA REMSEN, Praeses. 



University of Michigan 

Societatis Regalis Praesidi, Concilio et Sodalibus Praeses et Sexatus 
UxivERsrrATis Michigaxexsium S. P. D. — Pergratae nobis sunt litterae 
vestrae, viri eruditissimi, in omni scientiarum genere praeclari, quibus nos 
<«rtiores facitis vos consilium iniisse natalem vestrae Societatis illustrissimae, 
quinqiiagesinio lustro feliciter exacto, festis soUenniibus celebrandi, et nos 



76 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

liberaliter invitatis ut legemus qui gaudiis vestris caerimoniisque intersit. 
Adlegavimus Gulielmum Herbert Hobbs, professorem in nostra Universitate, 
qui unus pro cunctis vestrae Societati gratuletur et vestris studiis in scientia 
promovenda laetos in perpetuum successus exoptet. 

HARRY B. HUTCHINS, Praeses. 
ARTHUR G. HALL, Sec. Senutus. 
Dabarmis Annarbore, die III mensis Mali anno MCMXII. 



University of Pennsylvania, Phii,adelphia 

Universitas Pennsylvaniensis Societati Regiae S. P. D. — Litteras 
vestras quibus nos quoque ad natalem ducentensimum quinquagensimum 
Societatis Regiae concelebrandum benevole invitastis baud cum parvo gaudio 
accepimus. Vincula enim perlibenter agnoscimus quibus omnes academiae 
inter se continentur, nee possumus oblivisci eum quern inter conditores nostrae 
Universitatis iusto iure nominemus, Beniamin Franklin, Societatis Regiae 
sodalein fuisse. Itaque, viri doctissimi, voluntati vestrae obsecuti, legato de 
nostro numero electo iniperavimus ut vobis festos dies merito agentibus 
gratuletur et verbis nostris vobis fausta omnia precetur. Valete. 

Datum Philadelphiae, niense Maio, anno Domini milensimo nongenten- 



simo dtiodecimo. 



EDGAR F. SMITH, Praefectus. 
EDWARD ROBINS, Sigilli cmtos. 



University of Princeton, New Jersey 

Societati Regali Londiniensi per tot annos feliciter exactos lumen scientiae 
praetendenti, numen veritatis pie colenti, immo quasi soli sapientiae in caelo 
refulgenti, gloriam dei in operibus manuum eius annuntianti, eo ut in fines 
orbis terrae exierint mortalibus verba vestra, audita audienda oboedienda, nos 
quoque qui, ut verbis TuUianis utamur, trahimur et ducimur ad cognitionis et 
scientiae cupiditatem, in qua excellere pulchrum putamus, labi autem errare 
nescire decipi et malum et turpe ducimus, sodalitati vestrae illustrissimae 
lustrum quinquagesimum iam iam impleturae, per praesidem ordinis nostri 
academici Ioannem Grier Hibben, qui has litteras vobis adferet praesens, fausta 
felicia fortunata ore more amore exoptamus Praeses Curatores Professores 
Ukiversitatis Princetoniensis. 

Dabamus Princetoniae in Aula Nassovka, Kal. lun. MCMXII. 

C. W. McALPIN, Ab actis. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 77 



University of Wisconsin 

To THE Royal Society of London. — The University of Wisconsin sends 
to the Royal Society of London its congratulations on the two hundred and 
fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation, a memorable event in the history of the 
oldest and most noted scientific society of the English-speaking people. Its 
long roll of members contains the names of many men who have initiated 
great movements in science, and includes others less distinguished by whose 
wisdom and labour science has become enriched. By the lives and work of 
these men the Royal Society has contributed in large measure to the great 
intellectual heritage of England, and through that nation to the enlightenment 
and freedom of the human race. The University of Wisconsin, while gratefully 
recognizing with all the world of learning this unique service, has the con- 
fident belief that the Royal Society during the centuries to come will continue 
its illustrious history. 

CHARLES R. VAN HISE, President. 



American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston 

AcADEMiA Artiuji et Scientiarum Americana Praesidi Conciuo Sodali- 
BusQUE Societatis Regai.is pro Scientia Naturali Promovenda. — Omnium 
orbis terrarum societatum eruditarum quae lingua Anglica utuntur matri, 
filia, ipsa aetatis non spernendae, Academia Artiura et Scientiarum Americana, 
hoc die natali eius ducentesimo quinquagesimo plurimam dicit salutem atque 
alterum sperat totidem annorum saeculum non minorem gloriam ei quam . 
primum attulerit, cum maiorem non possit, esse allaturum. Legatum ad vos, 
viri doctissimi et clarissimi, mittit haec Academia scribam suum ab epistolis, 
Edvinum Herbertum Hall, Universitatis Harvardianae Philosophiae Naturalis 
Professorem, qui ipse gratulationes Academiae ferat atque vobiscum Societatem 
vestram fundatam concelebret. Valete. 

Datum Bostoniae, die XXVI merms lunii MCMXII, in nomine Academiae 
Americanae. 

JOHN TROWBRIDGE, Praeses. 



Connecticut Academy of Sciences and Arts 

Praeses et Socii Academiae Scientiarum et Artium Connecticutensis 
Praesidi Concilio Sodalibus Societatis Regalis S. P. D. — lucundum 
profecto et honorificum nobis accidit quod participes esse possumus laetitiae 
vestrae et interesse sacris saecularibus quibus natalem vestrum celebrandum 
constituistis. Animi igitur sensus qui nostro nomine coram testetur legatum 



78 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

ad vos misimus Ernestum Gulielmum Brown vestrae Societatis nostraeque 
Academiae sodaleni et in Universitate Yalensi professorem. Valete nobisque 
favete. 

Dahamris Novo Portu in Be Publica Connecticutensi, Id. Apr. A.D. 
MDCCCCXII. SIMEON E. BALDWIN, Praeses. 

American Phii-osophical Society, Philadelphia 

SociETAS Philosophica Americana S. p. D. Societati Regiae. — Vobis, viri 
illiistrissimi, nos ex animo gratulari liceat, quod Societas vestra, non vetus 
tantum et antiqua, sed sunimo etiam in honore per totum orbem terrarum 
merito habita, natalem ducentensimum quinquagensimum optimis hoc anno 
celebratura est auspiciis. Et est cur id libentiore etiam faciamus animo. 
Namque omnes ubique societates, quae ad scientiam promovendam sunt 
constitutae, communi artiuni et scientiarum studio sunt consociatae ; Societas 
autem Regia cum principalem inter omnes tenet locum, tum artioribus cum 
nostra vinculis est coniuncta. Conditor enim noster, Beniamin Franklin, ipse 
Societatis Regiae sodalis, cum in Terra Nova sodalitatem instituere vellet, quae 
scientiam utilem, ut ipsis illius verbis utaraur, promoveret, usque ab initio 
Societatem Regiam oculis proponebat ut exemplum dignissimum quod 
imitaretur. Ubi vero anno millensimo septingentensimo quadragensimo tertio 
ex sodalitate ab illo condita, cui lunto nomen dedit, provenit Societas 
Philosophica Americana, Societatis vestrae propositum atque rationem voluit 
et imitari et, quoad tamen potuit, aemulari. Quae affinitatis vincula semper 
artiora fiunt fiantque. Quibus de causis quasi fratres natu minores fratribus 
nostris eisdem pro studiis trans Oceanum laborantibus gratulationes votaque 
mittimus, et spem fovemus certissimam fore ut Societas Regia sempitema 
floreat gloria. Valete. 

Datum Philadelphiae, ante diem quintum Kalendas lulias, anno Domini 
millensimo nongentensimo duodecimo. 

WILLIAM W. KEEN, Praeses. 

I. MINIS HAYS, Ab epistulis. 

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia 

To the President. Officers, and Fellows of The Royal Society of London 
for the Promotion of Natural Knowledge. — The Franklin Institute of thk 
State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts extends to 
you cordial greetings and sincere congratulations on the happy occasion of the 
two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the Incorporation of your Society. 
Few charters looking to the progress and welfare of peoples have resulted in 
greater benefits to civilization than that granted to the Royal Society by 
King Charles II, and no similar society can boast such a long and unbroken 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 79 

chain of illustriousmen whose labours have done so much to unravel the secrets 
of nature and subdue her forces to the uses of man. The Franklin Institute 
is glad to have this opportunity to acknowledge its deep indebtedness for the 
inspiration and incentive continuously derived since its founding from the 
Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society and from the many 
distinguished men who have represented the Society in America. 
PMladelphm, U. S. A., July ir>, 1912. 

COLEMAN SELLERS, Jr., Vke-Presulent. 

R. B. OWENS, Secretary. 

Carnegie Institution, Washington 

The Tkusteks and The Investigatoes of the Carnegie Institution of 
Washington extend greeting and congratulations to the Royal Society of 
London on the occasion of the celebration of its two hundred and fiftieth 
Anniversary. With senfiments of admiration and gratitude for the encourage- 
ment of investigation and for the contributions to knowledge which have 
rendered the Royal Society of London illustrious in the annals of science, 
we of the younger organization for the promotion of research tender this 
tribute of appreciation to the officers and fellows of the older organization, 
and wish for them and their successors a long-continued career in the 
advancement of learning, understanding, and progress throughout the world. 

ROBERT S. WOODWARD, President. 

National Academy of Sciences, Washington 

The National Academy of Sciences sends its cordial greeting to the 
Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge on the occasion 
of the celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of its 
foundation. The National Acadeipy of Sciences, having been incorporated 
as adviser on matters scientific by an act of the Congress of the United 
States of America, desires, with the congratulations of its members, to express 
their admiration and indebtedness to the Royal Society of London. Progress 
has marked its life, and its contributions to science are acknowledged by the 
world. The Royal Society has a heritage of historic glory which is an 
inspiration to the learned body which expresses itself in a common language. 
With felicitations go the earnest hopes of the Members of the Academy for 
the long life and increasing achievements of the oldest scientific society in 
Great Britain. The National Academy of Sciences has chosen Dr. Arnold 
Hague, its Home Secretary, to convey this message to the Royal Society and 
to unite with representatives of other institutions of learning in celebrating 
the event. In behalf of the Council and Members of the Academy. 

W<,,hington, June 3, 1912. j^ REMSEN, Pres\dent. 



80 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Smithsonian Institution, Washington 

The Smithsonian Institutiox at Washington sends cordial greeting 
to the Royal Society upon the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth 
Anniversary of its foundation. In compliance with the request of the 
President, the Council, and the Members of the Society, the Secretary of the 
Smithsonian Institution takes pleasure in designating Arnold Hague, Ph.B., 
Sc.D., LL.D., M.N.A.S., Geologist of the United States Geological Survey, as 
the representative of the Smithsonian Institution at the celebration. In 
offering its congratulations, the Smithsonian Institution calls to mind, with 
great satisfaction, the circumstance that its founder was for more than forty 
years a member of the Royal Society. The unparalleled achievements in 
science, extending over two and a half centuries, which have made the name 
of the Royal Society known and honoured throughout the world, are an 
unfailing source of inspiration to the Smithsonian Institution in its labours for 
the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men. 

Attest: CHARLES D. WALCOTT, Secretary. 
June the Jifteenth, One thousand nine hundred and twelve. 



United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, Washington 

To the President, Councii,, and Fellows of the Royal Society. — The 
members of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, admiring 
followers of the illustrious men whose names adorn the records of the Royal 
Society, send greetings and congratulations on the two hundred and fiftieth 
Anniversary of the founding of the Society, whose activities have been the 
inspiration of succeeding generations of scientific workers. 

Washington, July 191S. 

O. H. TITTMAN, Superintendent. 



Washington Academy oe Sciences 

The Officers and the Members of the Washington Academy of 
Sciences extend greetings and congratulations to the Royal Society of 
London on the occasion of the celebration of its two hundred and fiftieth 
Anniversary. With the admiration of a disciple, the younger Society for the 
increase of Knowledge hails the elder Society, now dignified by age and 
illustrious by achievement, and wishes for it continued prosperity and renown. 

FREDERICK V. COVILLE, President. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 81 



BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS 

AUSTRALIA 

University of Sydney, New South Wales 

Univeusitas Sydneiensis Societatis Regaijs Praesidi Concilio Sodalihusque 
Salutem. — Gratum admodum nobis, viri doctissimi, fecistis quod nos ad 
celebrandum vobiscum natalem Societatis vestrae ducentesimum quinqua- 
gesimum tarn benigne invitastis. Nostra quidem laude parum indiget Societas 
Regalis, cuius tot praesides et sodales scientiae naturalis, complures iam per 
aetates, praeclarissima lumina fuerunt ; ita ut ea carte fundanda Rex Carolus 
Secundus, qui nuriquam, uti fertur, locutus est insulse, fecerit etiam sapien- 
tissime. Voluntati vestrae libenter obsecuti, adlegamus Anderson Stuart, 
M.D., LL.D., Physiologiae Professorem ac Facultatis Medicinae Decanum, 
qui feriis vestris intersit, quique ut semper floreat Societas vestra, teneatque 
semper praecipuum ilium inter tales toto orbe terrarum societates locum 
quern tot per annos fere omnium consensu obtinuit, nostro nomine optet 
et precetur. 

Datum Sydneiae, Nonis Mails, MCMXII. 

H. N. MACLAURIN, Cancellarim. 
ROBERT A. DALLEN, h. t. Registrarhis. 



Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart 

The President, Royal Sociexy of London. Sir, — The President, Council, 
and Members of the Royal Society of Tasmania desire, most cordially and 
sincerely, to offer to the Royal Society of London their heartiest congratu- 
lations on the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation. 
Honoured by the name of the parent Society, and working to promote its 
objects in Tasmania, we join with other kindred bodies in gratefully recalling 
the past of the Royal Society of London, rich in names of men who have 
profoundly influenced the progress of Science, and who for such service have 
gained world-wide renown. On this Anniversary not the least cause of pride 
in the great work of the Society must be the thought that its methods and 
ideals are animating the lives of men in parts of the world entirely unknown 
to its distinguished founders. We, at this time, also recall the fact that 



82 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

it was at the instance of the Royal Society of London that Captain James 
Cook was sent out by the Enghsh Admiralty on that voyage which led 
to such remarkable results in the history of these Southern Lands, results 
none the less famous in Science from the labours of Sir Joseph Banks, 
afterwards your President for over forty years. The Royal Society of 
London has ever been pre-eminent in promoting the highest ideals of 
knowledge and truth. It has helped in a unique degree to mould the 
intellectual life not only of Britain but also of Europe and the whole civilized 
world. While it is impossible to estimate the enormous influence that has 
radiated from it during the two and a half centuries of its existence, yet this 
aspect may be specially noted : there can be no national bond stronger than 
that of common scientific interest, and in carrying out its more definite 
objects the Royal Society of London has also been eminently assisting to 
draw closer the political and social bonds of the Empire. The Royal Society 
of Tasmania names as its delegate and representative to convey this greeting, 
Gregory Sprott, M.D., Member of the Council. Signed on behalf of the 
Council and Members of the Royal Society of Tasmania. 



Hobart, May, 1912. 



HARRY BARRON, President. 

GAM. H. BUTLER, Chairman of the Council. 



Royal Society of Victoria, Melbourne 

The President, Council, and Members of the Royal Society of Victoria, 
a humble but aspiring unit of the body of seekers after knowledge, send hearty 
greetings to the Royal Society of London, its great mother and prototype, on the 
completion of the 250th year of its valuable life. The faithful work of many 
devoted students of nature in the London Society has brought fresh light into 
countless dark places, and the stimulus given by them, rolling like a wave to the 
remotest comers of the British Empire, inspires distant workers in the fields 
of science with energy and hope to new endeavours. The Royal Society of 
Victoria gratefully acknowledges its debt to these noble men, and ventures to 
trust that the efforts of its own members to emulate the work of the parent 
Society may have added some vigour to the growth of the Tree of Knowledge, 
that by continuing so to do it may be for ever weaving fibres of kinship that 
shall assimilate its results ever more closely to those of its illustrious progenitor. 
By order of the Council : 

J. R. HOGG, Fellow of the Royal Society of Victoria, Delegate 
to the Meetings celebrating the 250th anniversary of the 
foundation of the Royal Society of London. 

July, 1912. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 88 

CANADA 
M^GiLL University, Montreal 

To TiiK Royal Society on the occasion of the celebration of the two 
hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the beginning of a career in the course 
of which it has won world-wide fame for the great benefits it has conferred 
on mankind by the advancement of scientific knowledge and the practical 
application of that knowledge to the needs of human life M^Gii.i- University 
sends heartiest greetings and best wishes for continued prosperity and 
usefulness. 

STRATHCONA, Chancellor. 

W. PETERSON, LL.D., D.LIIT., Principal. 
Montreal, 3rd June, 1912. 

University of Toronto 

Cancellarius et Senatus Universitatis Torontonensis Peaesidi Conciuo 
ET Sodalibus Regalis Societatis Londini S. P.D. — Gratulamur vobis, viri illu- 
strissimi, vos annum ducentesimum quinquagesimum a Regali Societate inau- 
gurata feriis saecularibus celebrare. Gratias agimus quod nos, ut feriis vestris 
per vicarios adsimus, invitastis et, ut gratulationem nostram ad vos ferat, 
RoBEKiu.M Alexandrum Falconer, M.A., LL.D., D.Litt., C.M.G., praesidem 
nostrum, constituimus et delegavimus. Quod quidem a nobis vos summo iure 
impetratis. li enim qui in hac Universitate cognitioni rerum naturae operam 
dant — quorum e numero quattuor sunt Sodales Regalis Societatis — exempla, 
quae vestra Societas praeposuit, sequuntur et imitantur. Nee enim gloria 
vestra apud Britannos solum viget et apud exteras nationes quae angusto mari 
a Britannia dividuntur. Multum quoque hoc Septentrionali orbe valetis. 
Hand immerito. Viris enim paene divinis qui vestra gerunt et semper 
gesserunt, eum, quo nunc utimur, ordinem rerum et cultum acceptum referre 
possumus. Illi enim prima clara voce praedicant ilia Baconiana: Artes et 
scientias per experimentationem solum et observationem promoveri : scientiam 
et potentiam humanam in idem coincidere. 

W. R. MEREDITH, Cancellariw. 

JAMES BREBNER, Registrarius. 
D. ex Aede Academ. Toronton., Id. lun., MCMXII. 

G 2 



84 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Nova Scotian Institute of Science, Halifax, N.S. 

SOCIETATIS RegALIS PraESIDI CoNCILIO SoDALIBUS SoCIETAS SciENTIAEUM 

QUAE IN Nova Scotia est S. P. D. — Societas pro Scientia Naturali promovenda, 
quae in Nova Scotia est, partem aliquam habere cupit in gratulationibus, 
quae nunc ex omnibus regionibus in quibus sedem invenerit Scientia, vobis 
offeruntur, quod mox natalem ducentensimum quinquagensimum vestrae 
Societatis celebraturi estis. Splendide quidem Societas Regalis stimulando 
et propagando assidue continenterque per tot saecula scientiarum studio 
se praestitit cum priniam tum inclutissimam inter societates quae in imperio 
nostro Scientiam colunt ; et iuste, inter niulta alia, gloriari potest in societa- 
tibus quae eisdem studiis se dederunt, quae permultae ubicunque terrarum 
homines lingua Anglica utuntur, difFusae sunt ; nam huic uni hae omnes 
originem suam debent. Semper viam monstret Societas Regalis atque in 
scientia promovenda et propaganda et civitatis necessitatibus adhibenda 
semper sit princeps. 

Datum Halifaxiae, Kalendis Juliis MCMXII. 

W. L. BISHOP, Praeses. 
HARRY PIERS, Secretarius. 



INDIA 

University of Bombay 

To THE President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of 
London, on the occasion of the 250th Anniversary of the Constitution 
of the Society by Royal Warrant. — The UNivERsrrY of Bombay, in accepting 
the invitation of the President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society 
of London to send a delegate to the celebration of the two hundred and 
fiftieth Anniversary of its constitution by King Charles II, desires to convey 
through its representative. Dr. F. G. Selby, M.A. (Oxon.), LL.D. (Bom.), 
its cordial felicitation, and to express its sympathetic interest in the historical 
commemoration of one of the most important events in the history of 
scientific inquiry in any part of the world. In the University of Bombay, 
as in every other seat of learning and research, the influence of the Royal 
Society has been a stimulus to investigation and interpretation in many 
different fields, and it is with gratitude that the LTniversity desires to share 
in the celebration. The University of Bombay is specially anxious to be 
identified with the celebration because the Royal Society has during its 
history taken such a very large interest in the development of inquiry in the 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 85 

tropics and specially in India. Several of its leaders, and notably Sir Joseph 
Banks, President of the Royal Society in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century, and Sir Joseph Dalton Plooker, one of its most eminent members 
in the nineteenth century, spent much of their life and strength in investigation 
into tropical conditions, and were almost the first to draw attention to the 
important light which such inquiry would shed on general scientific questions. 
The interest in tropical and Indian questions has not flagged since that time, 
and the Society has again and again placed its experience at the disposal 
of the Government of India and private bodies in this country. At the 
present time it acts as the adviser of the Indian Government on matters 
connected with scientific inquiry in India, and also as an advisory body 
on the management of the Observatories in India. It has Committees which 
are studying tropical diseases which are among our worst scourges. And the 
Royal Society has always shown itself willing to assist with advice and counsel, 
any public body which appealed to it. The University of Bombay, therefore, 
joins in congratulating the Royal Society of London on the present occasion, 
on the noble part it has played in the advancement of knowledge in the past, 
and wishes for it a future even more glorious, in which it will appear that the 
present commemoration represents but the beginning of a new era of advance- 
ment and usefulness. 

Bombay, June 20th, 1912. 



University of Calcutta 

A CoKdBATtJLATORY ADDRESS TO THE RoYAL SoCIETY 

1. Those who daily improve the modern world by new discoveries, who 
spend their lives in search after truths about the material world, who plunging 
deep into the ocean of science collect gems, may those sober-minded scientists 
live for ever for the benefit of this world. 

2. Many learned men were bom, will be bom, and are being bom on this 
earth which was created long ago ; but indeed there are few who are really 
successful and who by diving into the ocean of science have found out hidden 
gems. 

3. The Creator, hoary with age, created the universe with the earth and 
other elements ; but surely he concealed the forces of material objects. 
A new creator, more powerful than the first, being born discovered the long- 
hidden forces of material objects. 

4. In the store-house of the universe created by the aged sage Brahma 
many precious things were kept hidden ; but Newton breaking open the doors 
of superstition revealed a new method of discovery. 

5. May the bright glory of the Royal Society, founded by him, continue to 
shine through Royal patronage as long as the Sun and the Moon endure. It 



:*■ 



86 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

is time for us to celebrate the jubilee, now that it has completed its two 
hundred and fiftieth year of existence. 

6. Electricity, fire, water, and other elements that were ever known as 
inanimate things caught in the machines (of the Society) toil like ghosts 
discharging vapour (tears), and constantly propel steam-ships, etc. during the 
day and night : seeing this wonderful mechanical skill the Creator himself is 
now surprised. 

7. Within London lies the famous tank, called the Royal Society, in whose 
waters of science on white lotuses plays the Goddess of Learning in her 

■"^'*' splendour and where the Sun of knowledge never sets but always shines out of 

joy. To add to the beauty of that tank we send this fresh blooming lotus 
(Praphullachandra) of our own country. 

8. May the garland of this poem composed by Asutosh and presented by 
him with deep regard be accepted. If the savants living in the garden of 
science wear it as an ornament, then his labour will be requited, 

Calcutta University, May, 1912. 

ASUTOSH MOOKERJEE, Vice-ChanceUor. 



University of Madras 

London, 16 July, 1912. To the President of the Royal Society of London. 
Sir, — Under instructions from the Vice-Chancellor, I have the honour to convey 
to the Royal Society of London the congratulations of the University of 
Madras on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the 
Society. Like all other academic or learned bodies, the University of Madras 
most cordially recognizes the great work which the Royal Society has done in 
extending the bounds of natural knowledge and in maintaining the high 
traditions which ought to be associated with the pursuit of that knowledge. 
I have the honour to be. Sir, Your most obedient servant, 

A. CRICHTON MITCHELL, Delegate, University of Madras. 



Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta 

\Translation from the original Sanskrit.^ 

The Asiatic Society of India offers her respects, regards, and reverence to 
the august Royal Society of august England, the importer of scientific know- 
ledge. 

Be it known : — 

How can one describe thy glory, O Society ? Full two centuries and a half 
have elapsed since thy foundation at the command of the Sovereign. Asia 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 87 

offers her tribute to Europe in the garb of this eulogy of thee. May the wise 
rejoice at the sight of this union of ours, so beneficial to the world. Vibhvana, 
Vfija and Rbhu, celebrated in the Rig Veda, these three together rejuvenated 
their old father and attained to heaven. Still higher and all unrivalled is the 
region that you have reached by rejuvenating the old world through Science 
and Art. 

Vayu, Varuna, Agni, the Asvins, Rudras and Vasus, worshipped by the 
Aryans of old, have been praised in beautiful hymns in the Vedas ; through 
thy constantly employing all of them in devoted service for the good of 
humanity, thy glory, moving among the regions of the air and the waters, 
extends over the earth. Having come to congratulate thee, O [Society] of 
glorious fame and unequalled majesty, I am satisfied with thy various virtues. 
Mayest thou live long, patronize the learned, and be highly honoured for the 
good of the world. 



Indian Institute of Science 

To THE President and Council of the Royal Society of London. — On 
the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the foundation of 
the Royal Society, the Council and Senate of the Indian Institute of Science 
send greetings and good wishes. 

MORRIS W. TRAVERS, Director. 



SOUTH AFRICA 

Royal Society of South Africa 

SociETATis Regalis Africae Meridionalis Praeses Concilium Socii et 
Sodales Societati Regali S. P. D. — Laetissimis animis litteras vestras 
accepinius quibus certiores nos fecistis vos in animo habere natalem diem 
Societatis vestrae antiquissimae et illustrissimae lulio mense huius anni 
celebrare. Gratulamur vobis quod nunc quoque sicut maiorum temporibus 
Societas vestra operam semper dat ut lumen scientiae quani latissime 
diffundatur. Nos quidem, huius longinquae Imperii Britannici partis incolas, 
qui, eius luminis non expertes, vestrum exemplum et nomen imitati, Societatem 
Regalem ipsi nuper condidimus, in primis decet, filiorum ritu, natalem 
Societatis vestrae diem ducentesimum quinquagesimum vobiscum concelebrare. 
Quare commendamus vobis legatum nostrum Davidum Gill, equitem illu- 
strissimum et optime de scientia astronomica meritum, qui praesens nostro 
nomine salutem vobis dicat. 

L. P^RINGUEY, Praeses. 



88 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



BRITISH ISLES 

ENGLAND AND WALES 

University of Oxford 

CaNCELLARIUS MaGISTRI ET ScHOLARES UniVERSITATIS OxONIENSIS SOCIETATIS 

Regalis Praesidi Concilio ET SoDALiBus S. P. D. — Regaleni Societateni 
ducentesimo iam et quinquagesinio anno diem natalicium celebrantem nos 
Oxonienses salvere ex animo iubemus. Nanique haec ex quo tot abhinc annis 
est instituta prolatandorum uno tenore scientiae finiuni dux et auspex exstitit : 
haec illius sapientiae, cuius res gestas non solum annalium et librorum 
memoria sed etiam mutata in melius mortalium condicio testatur, areem et 
caput ut dim fundavit ita nunc tuetur, 

dotans vitam humanam novis inventis et copili. 

Neque absurdum videtur gratulationem in tali die a nobis potissimuni off'erri, 
quippe qui cum inter primos lucem e tenebris elatam a cive et doctore nostro 
viderimus, nunc ea quae foveatis studia indies intentius et diligentius exer- 
ceamus. Quid quod non voluntate solum et animis coniuiigimur, sed et multi 
nostrum vestris ordinibus sunt adscript! ? adeo, ut i]uisque in naturali 
scientia se exercuit, ita plenissimam laborum mercedem consequi visus est si 
vestrae Societati adscisceretur : id quod niultis Oxoniensibus contigit. Itaque 
quando aliquem a nobis delegatum festis adhibere benignissime \ultis, illi ipsi 
hoc officium mandavimus qui cum nunc conciliis nostris magna cum laude 
praesideat, testis erit benevolentiae nostrae locupletissimus. Venit igitur ad 
vos Carolus Buller Heberden, Artium Magister, Doctor in lure Civil i 
honoris causa, Collegii Aenei Nasi Principalis, Vice-Cancellarius : qui quid 
animis sentiamus voce praesens docebit. 

Datum Oxoniae in Domo nostra Convocationis, die Decimo Octavo mens, 
lunii, A. S. MCMXII. 



University of Cambridge 

Universitas Cantabrigiensis Regali Societati Londiniensi S. P. D. — 
Gratulamur vobis omnibus, viri rerum naturae et scientiarum amore 
nobis coniunctissimi, quod annos ab origine vestra ducentos quinquaginta 
prospere peractos propediem estis celebraturi. Etenim Idibus illis luliis, 
die vestro natali, scientiarum templum illud aedificari coeptum est, cuius 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 89 

imago quaedan), doinus Salomonis sub nomine, Baconis nostri in Nova 
Atlantide olim adumbrata est. Vobis igitur etiam in posteruni curae erit (ut 
eiusdem utamur verbis) ' ex eis quae iam sub oculis sunt, nova experimenta, lucis 
sublimioris, at(jue in naturam altius penetrantia, excitare et dirigere\ Societatis 
vestrae auspicio (quod et vobis laudi et nobis honori fuit) primum in lucem 
prodierunt alumni nostri Newtoni, postea Praesidis vestri, Philosophiae 
Naturalis Principia Mathematica, quorum exemplar ipsius manu scriptum 
inter thesaiiros vestros in perpetuum conservanduni curavistis. Societatis 
vestrae consiliis, in inceptis magnis scientiarum in provincia promovendis, diu 
libenter usi sunt ei qui patriae toti administrandae praefuerunt. Societatis 
denique vestrae auctoritate pecuniae publicae scientiarum finibus proferendis 
quotannis distributae sunt, et praestantissimo cuique ex scientiarum cultoribus 
praemia insignia donata. Atqui non praemiorum exspectatione sed veritatis 
amore ingenuo per tot annos adducti, rcrum naturae miracula recondita et 
penitus abstrusa orbi terrarum identidem patefecistis, philosophi cuiusdam 
Romani praeceptum illud praeclarum exemplo vestro comprobantes : ' quod, 
inquis, erit pretium operae ? quo nihil mains est, nosse naturam ; neque enim 
quicquam habet in se huius materiae tractatio pulchrius. cum multa habeat 
futura Usui, quam quod hominem magnificentia sui detinet, nee mercede sed 
miraculo colitur.' Laetamur Societati vestrae tot viros insignes praefuisse, 
inter quos alumnos nostros complures exstitisse gloriamur. Ergo, congressus 
vestri saecularis in honorem, Cancellarium nostrum illustrem, Baronem 
Raylekih, quondam Praesidem vestrum insignem, legatum ad vos libenter 
mittimus, qui non niodo Universitatis nostrae personam summa cum dignitate 
sustinebit, sed etiam nostrum omnium in vos benevolentiam optima interpre- 
tabitur. Valete. 

Datum Cantabrigiae, pridie Idus Martias, A. S. MCMXII". 



University of London 

Societati Regali Universitas Londinensis S. P. D. — Litteras vestras, 
viri doctissimi atque insignissimi, summo gaudio accepimus, cum natalicia 
Societatis Regalis CCL annos abhinc fundatae celebraturi nos etiam participes 
tam faustae occasionis esse velitis. Societati vestrae gratulamur, quae per 
tot iam saecula scientiae lumen non tantum inter Britannos sed per totum 
terrarum orbem auget atque diffundit. Vobis enim datur 

munita tenere 
edita doctrina sapu'ntum templa serena, 
despkere unde qiieas alios, passimqtie videre 
errare, atque viam palantes quaerere vitae. 

Nos vero, quibus, Universitati illius urbis adscriptis in qua vos sedem excelsam 
et tanquam arcem habetis, scientiae inter cives nostros docendae atque 



90 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

propagandae officium est impositum, vestrani praecipue Societatem suspicimiis ; 
nee gloriari pudet nonnuUos Universitatis nostrae doctores et alumnos, in 
numeruni sodalium vestrorum adscitos, aliquani et ipsos partem vestris 
auspiciis in scientia promovenda praestitisse. Delegavimus autem Pro- 
Cancellarium nostrum, Wilmot Paukkr Herringham, Medicinae Doctorem, 
qui vobiscum in feriis celebrandis consociatus tot tantorumque memoriae 
mcritorum vota pro futura Societatis Regalis prosperitate coniungat. 
Dabamus Londinii, XV'"" mensM lunii, A. S. MCMXII. 

ARCHIBALDUS, COMES DE ROSEBERY, Cancellarlm. 

WILMOT PARKER HERRINGHAM, Pro-Cancellarim. 

EDUARDUS HENRICUS BUSK, 

Praeses Graduatorum Convocatorum. 

HENRICUS ALEXANDER MIERS, Praefectm. 

The University of Birmingham 

To THE Royal Society from the University of Birmixghaji. — Trustee 
of the loftiest traditions of scientific inquiry, and guardian of natural 
knowledge through troublous times, — we welcome the opportunity of express- 
ing our admiration for your past, and our confident anticipation of a noble 
future. The seal of the University of Birmingham was affixed hereto in the 
presence of the undersigned members of the Council. 

CHARLES G. BEALE, Vice-Chancellor. 

OLIVER LODGE, Principal. 

GEO. H. MORLEY, Secretanj. 

University of Bristoi, 

SociETATi Regali Universitas Bbistolliensis S. p. D. — Gratulamur vobis, 
vu-i doctissimi, tot lustra feliciter peracta, tot secreta naturae abscondita iam 
in lucem attjue oculorum quotidianum aspectum prolata, tot res salutares in 
usum commodumque hominum arte miranda inventas. Neque certe Academiae 
nostrae minimae est laudi quod complures inter professores nostros in 
praeclarissimani vestram Societatem alii alio tempore adsciti sunt. Nunc autem 
ipsum Cancellarium nostrum, virum maxiine egregium et in rationibus 
philosophiae vel subtilissimae explicandis imprimis acutissimum, publica 
legatione mittimus, ut unus pro omnibus banc nostram communem vocem 
ad vos deferat. Illius ergo verbis et auspiciis precamur hunc tam faustum 
natalem vestrum laeto ac frequentissimo coetu celebretis, atque optima ilia 
studia, quibus ad hunc usque diem tam bene floruistis, ita in posterum 
semper excolatis. 

DahamxLH ex Universitate BristoUiensi, a. d. IV Kal. lun. MCMXII. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 91 

University of Durham (Armstrong College) 

SOCIETATI ReGAM UnIVERSITATIS DuNELMENSlS CaNCELLABIUS ET SeNATUS 

S. p. I). — Cum nuper nobis nuntiatum sit vos Societatis vestrae per quinqua- 
ginta iam lustra prosperrime servatae diem faustum celebraturos esse, de re 
tain felici vobis ex animi sententia gratulamur. Dicitur festivus ille rex 
Carolus Secundus omnia si quis alius stulte fecisse: sed falso, quoniam id 
saltern imprimis saj)ientis fuit, quod Societati vestrae minora ut videtur 
initia sumenti adfuit ultro Fundator et Patronus. Quo patrocinio exortum 
quis est quin sciat quanto splendore quam late turn Britanniae turn ceteris 
gentibus affulserit saluberrimum Scientiae lumen ? Quippe vos regale nomen 
regaliter factis exornastis exornatis: adeo ut quem ad modum Cineae 
Romanus sic nobis vester Senatus totus ex regibus constare videatur. Nam 
contigit vobis re vera, Baconio quod erat in votis, ut naturae regno potiti 
fines vestros in dies latius proferatis. At praesidum sociorumque vestrorum 
tot tantaque Scientiarum in rem publicam merita vix quisquam oratione 
complectatur : longum est scilicet vel nomina summatim percurrere. Quae 
tamen ne omnino hoc praesertim tempore praetermittamus, ubi, ubi, inqui- 
mus, terrarum ignotus est Newtonius vester — 

clarum et venerabile nomen — • 

Archimedes alter, immo ipso Archimede praestantior ? Legentem quem non 
delectat Pepysii perurbaiia garrulitas ? aut Boyleii singulare ingenium ? 
aut Evelynus Dryadum idemque Musarum cultor ? Cui non cordi est secum 
recolere vel Wrenum basilicarum altitudines molientem vel Harveium 'de 
motu cordis et sanguinis' disserenteni vel operis metallariis consulentem 
Daveium ? Quid ? recentioris Scientiae qui signa ducebat Darwino num 
quis hodie iustam laudem denegabit ? Nempe iam nemo ne Episcopus quidem 
reformidat ne horribili quodam casu inter simios numeretm-. Recentissimos 
autem si quis respiciat, quanto opere desideratur e physicis Kelvinus, e medicis 
Listerius, quorum alter navigantibus, niedentibus alter multo plus praestitit 
seeuritatis ! Hos viros insignissimos et alios horum similes recordantibus 
fieri non potest quin Maronis illud nobis succurrat, 

Jelix quipotuit rerum cognoscere causas, 

ita tamen succurrat ut felices illos quoque velimus qui cognitione sua alienis 
commodis inserviendum putarint. Hodie vero feriantibus vobis utinam priscus 
ille praeses Brounckerius adesset ! Salutaret profecto suae laudis vicarium : 
salutaret socios tarn fama quam numero pollentes : perlustraret oculis 
astronomicos, medicos, physicos, mathematicos, mechanicos, chymicos, alios 
complures, 

nullius addictos iurare iii verba, magistri, 

sed omnes suam quemque operam navantes, ut Philosophiani Naturalem 
longius promoverent. Quae cum ita sint, animis libentissimis adlegavimus 



92 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Georgium Hare Philipsox, Vice-Cancellarium nostrum, medicuni inlustrem 
inter equites adscitum, qui nostram erga vos amicitiara praesens testetur. 
Sunt sane multa nobis vobiscum necessitudinis vincula, quorum nunc liceat 
si non plura at unum vel potius iinicum illud referre, quod viget apud nos, et 
diu vigeat, Gulielmus Greenwell, socius vester, noster alumnus, archaeologorum 
Nestor indefessus, qui pariter iam omnes, nisi fallimur, et vestros socios et 
nostros alumnos aetate superavit. Proinde, doctorum doctissimi, scitote 
nos vestris in gaudiis gaudere et impense simul precari ut nominis vestri 
vctus amplitudo novis atque ainplioribus etiam per saecula praemiis augeatur. 

G. W. KITCHIN, D.D., Cancellarius et Decanus. 
Datum Dunelmi, Kal. Jul., A.S. MDCCCCXII. 



University of Leeds 

To THE President, Council, and Feij-ows ok the Royai, Society. — Thk 
University of Leeds begs respectfully to congratulate you on the Anniversary 
which you are about to celebrate. For two hundred and fifty yeai-s your 
Society has filled a unique place in our national life. No institution has 
ever been animated by a greater love of truth or by a deeper reverence for 
unfettered freedom of thought. The experimental methods followed by the 
Royal Society have proved themselves to be true methods of advance ; and 
to-day mankind is its debtor for the enlightenment and the welfare which 
attend v£ist additions to natural knowledge. The scientific achievements of 
your Society are universally acknowledged both at home and abroad. A point 
less generally observed is its indirect influence in all parts of the British 
realms. Happily inclusion in the Royal Society does not withdraw and 
isolate men who have found a career among the growing populations of our 
time. No thoughtful dweller in our own city can help feeling that Leeds 
would have lost greatly had Joseph Priestley never lived and worked here. 
In large industrial centres men like Priestley are the best of educators. 
They are true 'merchants of light', if we may borrow a phrase from that 
New Atlantis which foreshadows so closely, in some important respects, the 
purposes of your own foundation. And since Priestley's day there have never 
been wanting among the citizens of Leeds other members of your body who 
have not merely advanced natural science by special research but have spared 
no effbrt to encourage learning in all its many branches. Not the least 
active among the founders of our University have been Fellows of the Royal 
Society who have not allowed the claims of particular investigations to blind 
them to the wide range and essential unity of human knowledge. 

ARTHUR G. LUPTON, Vke-Chancellor. 

MICHAEL E. SADLER, Pro-Chancellor. 
July, 1912. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 93 

Unia'ersity of Manchkster 

PeAESIDI CoNSIUO SoDALIBUS SoCIETATIS ReGALIS PBO NaTIJRALI SCIENTIA 

Pkomovenda annum CCL feliciter celebrantibus S. P. D. Univebsitas Mancu- 
NiENsis. — Si iure ille aestiniandus est 

felix, qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas, 

ut confiteri non sine dubio aliquo videtiir Vergilius, nulla certe hominutn 
Societas quae usquam gentium ad hunc diem exstiterit maiorem huius gloriae 
ac felicitatis sibi partem vindicavit quam Regalis vestra abljiuc iam CCL 
annos instituta. Sive enim ad fundatorum eius aetatem spectamus ubi de 
Expansione Aerea primas leges celeberrinms ille Boylius invenit sive ad viri 
omnium clarissimi Neutonii ipsius reperta, per quae 

caelum ac terras camposque liquentes 
lucentemque globum lunae Titaniaque astra 

iam tandem Motus Legibus certo fundamento positis subiecit ; sive ad eos 
qui Neutonium insecuti sunt, loulium (jui primus Caloris atque Energeiae 
coniunctam rationem exhibuit, vel Daltonium qui primus Atomorum pondera 
certum in ordinem reduxit, ille artis Mechanicae hie Chemicae hodiernae paene 
fuiidator ; hos omnes Societas Regalis inspiravit instinxit adiuvit. Quid ? 
cum ad ingens illud turn fidei Christianae tum artis apud nostrates archi- 
tectonicae monumentum Sancti Pauli quam vocant Cathedralem suspicimus, 
nonne recordari libet illam a nobili vestro mathematico Christophero Wren 
subtilissima in physicis scientia inchoatam exstitictamque ? Cum vero ad 
recentiorum victorias convertimur, quid dicamus de Daruinii illius niaximi 
Wallaciique doctrina unde 

genus omne animantum 
et quae marmoreo fert monstra sub aeqiiore pontus 

in suam quodque originem lucufenter tractum est ? Sin vero ad artes iam 
plurimas quibus vita hominum tutior vel dulcior facta est, ut de Medicorum 
vestrorum repertis omnino taceanms, quis hos per menses Humphreii Davy 
oblivisci potest, qui in subten-aneis metallis carbonem quaerentibus 

lumen de sua lumine accendit, 

aut Perkinii, qui ex materia eadem nigerrima pulcherrimos veris colores 
in solis lucem revocavit, oculos hominum complens ac reficiens purissima 
naturae voluptate ? Per haec atque talia, doctissime Praeses, Sodales alunuii- 
que vestri veritatis amorem nostrorum saeculonnn ingeniis alte insitum 
stimulantes ipsi atque implentes, hunc ipsum terrarum orbem, ilium in- 
numeris orbibus splendentem nmndum cum in regnum non caecae fortunae 
sed rationis certae adseruerint, non solum hominibus aptius domicilium sed 
etiam, si cum poetis reverenter loqui licet, vestem Auctore omnium ipso longe 
quam unquam antea cognitmn est digniorem esse demonstravcrunt. V^obis 



94 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

igitur festa haec natalicia celebrantibus ex animo nos gratulaniur, quibus inter 
iuniores Britanniae Universitates antiquissimus conceditur locus ; simul a vobis 
comiter rogati Principem nostrum dilectuni, equitem inlustrem, Aluredum 
HoPKiNsoN, delegavimus laetitiam nostram vobis pracsentem praesentibus 
testaturum. 

ALFRED HOPKINSON, Praeses. 

EDWARD FIDDES, Registrarius. 

R. S. CONWAY, Humanitatis Professor. 



Univeusity or Sheffield 

Universitas Sheffieldiensis Societati Regai,i i'ko Scientia Natueali 
Promovenda S. p. D. — Annum vobis ducentesimuni et quinquagesimum 
implentibus cursus felicissimi et eis prope aequalis artibus quas uno nomine 
scientiae hodie complectimur, vehementer et vere gratulamur, et eadem qua 
ceteri omnes nos laude prosequimur. Optime enim de sapientibus estis 
meriti, res plurimae et utilissimae vobis auctoribus et ducibus sunt inventae, 
annalibus vestris memoria illius quo ad Naturae notitiam pervenimus itineris 
magna ex parte continetur. Oramus igitur atque obsecramus ut eventu in 
dies prosperiore ea vobis per multos annos agere liceat per quae sapientissimus 
quisque maximos faciat progressus et omnes qui in toto orbe terrarum his 
studiis favent artiore vinculo necessitudinis inter se coniungantur. 

Sheffieldi dabamus, meiise lunio, MCMXII. 

W. M. HICKS, Praeses Senatus. 



University ok Wales 

Universitas Cajibrensis Societati Regali pro Scientia Natueai.i 
Projiovenda S. p. D. — Ferias celebraturis ob annos ducentos quinquaginta 
feliciter exactos vobis ex animo gratulamur. Pergratum erit vobis per tot 
annorum spatium respicere et in memoriam reducere nomina eorum qui 
Scientiae Naturalis promovendae studio incensi tot arcana Naturae enuclea- 
verint atque operam ad mentes honiinum exacuendas et vitam artibus 
excolendam navaverint. 'Alii laboraverunt et nos in labores eorum introivimus.'' 
Delegavimus Vice-Cancellarium nostrum, Hekricum Rcdolfh Reichet,, 
Equitem, M.A., LL.D., qui sollemnibus vestris intersit et omnia vobis bona 
fausta felicia precetur. 

Dabamus pridie Nan. Jul. MCMXII. 

KENYON, Pro-Catwellaritis. 

J. MORTIMER ANGUS, Registrarius. 



I 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 95 

Royal College of Physicians 

SOCIETATI ReGAI.I COLLEGIUM ReGALE MeDICOUUJI LoNDlNENSE S. P. D.— Ad 

sollennia vestra, viri doctissimi, per literas vestras gratissimas niiper vocati, 
misimus nos Praesidem nostrum, Thomam Barlow, Baronettum, Ordinis 
Regii Victoriae Eqiiitem, nostra inter coniitia simul ac vestra socium honora- 
tissimum, qui studia nostra vobis exprimat, et de natalibus gratuletur. 
Maximi certe debentur Societati Regali honores, quae per ducentos et 
quinquaginta annos lampada tradiderit Scientiae, quae tot sibi consociaverit 
magistros, a Neutono illo usque ad Carolum Daruinum, necnon multos alios in 
re physica, geologica, chemica, physiologica doctissimos, ne dicam Medicos 
quosdam illustrissimos, qui inter nostram vestramque Societatem quasi arcta 
vincula fuerunt, atque amicitiae signa mutuae et perpetuae. At quanta ante 
oculos vestros patent regna ! nihil enim in natura est pro cognitione vestra 
nimis vastum, nihil niniis minutum aut arcanum ; quaeritis qua lege labantur 
sidera, quibus ignibus ardeant soles, quaenam sit terrarum et rupium aedificatio, 
quaenam molecularum et atomorum intima natura, quoniodo et quibus ex 
primordiis propagentur florum animalium hominumque genera. Talia igitur 
contemplantes, et tanto Scientiae amore raptos, non turbat vos popularis aura, 
non odium theologicuni, non furor politicus ; sufFicit enim ipsam Naturam 
prospicere, ac divino eius impleri afflatu ; ita ut de vobis illud videatur 
cecinisse Vergilius, 

felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere caitsas. 
Valete ! 

THOMAS BARLOW, Praeses. 
J. A. ORMEROD, Kegistrarius. 
Datum Londini, KaUndis luliis, MCMXII. 

Royal College of Surgeons 

We, the President, Vice-Presidents, and Council of the Royal College of 
Surgeons of England, have the honour to convey to the President, Council, 
and Fellows of the Royal Society our cordial congratulations on the occasion 
of the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of its foundation. It is gratifying 
to us to remember that, among the many illustrious men who have brought 
honour to the Society, not the least famous have been members of the medical 
profession, and that in three instances the Presidential Chair has been filled 
by a Fellow of our College. It is therefore with special interest and pleasure 
that we join in doing honour to the Society, and offer to its President and 
Fellows our best wishes for the success of their commemoration. In witness 
whereof we have caused the Common Seal of the College to be hereunto affixed 
this 13th day of June, 1912. RICKMAN J. GODLEE, PreMmt. 



96 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Society oi" Antiquaries, London 

SociETATi Regali inter omnes Britanniae Societates antiquissimae et 
praeclarissimae annum a Societate condita Ducentesimum Quinquagesimiun 
Celebranti Societas Antiquarioeum Londinensis S. P. D. — Societati Regali, 
inter ipsa scientiarum quae vocantur naturalium incunabula nascenti, mandate 
Regis Caroli Secundi sancitum est ut aut novam excuderet philosophiam aut 
veterem expoliret : quod propositum quanto cum successu sit consecuta, iam 
dudum non patriae modo sed orbi terrarum universe innotuit. Atqui, licet 
superfluum sit ut serieni virorum qui et Societatem et nomen Britannicum 
illustraverunt recenseamus, eorum saltem qui in utramque sodalitatem, et 
vestram et nostram, adsciti fuerint non omittenda est memoria : quorum 
e numero Martinus Foulkes uno eodemque tempore utrique Societati praefuit, 
Augustus Franks, lohannes Evans, apud vos socii apud nos Praesides illustris- 
simi exstiterunt. Neque illud tacendum duximus nostram scilicet Societatem, 
quamvis LV annis natu minorem, vestrae et proximum obtinere locum, et 
firmissimo semperque ut speramus duraturo amicitiae foedere esse devinctam : 
quocirca vobis plenum studiorum fructum, felicitatem pcrpetuam, honoris, si 
id fieri potest, inci-ementum, iterum atque iterum libentissimis animis exopta- 
mus. Delegavimus hodie Praesidem nostrum, Carolum Herculem Read, 
militem eundemque Legum Doctorem qui congratulationes nostras vobis unus 
pro onmibus afferat. 

Dabnmiis Londini ex aedihus nosti-ii, Kal. lul. amio Domini MDCCCCXII. 

C. H. READ, Praeses. 



British Academy, London 

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Roval Society of London. — 
We, the President, late Presidents, Council, and Fellows of the British 
Academy, desire to offer to the President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal 
Society our cordial congi-atulations on the completion of the two hundred and 
fiftieth year of its illustrious career. On this memorable occasion we approach 
you with feelings of special attachment and confidence, inasmuch as our 
Academy was, at a still recent date, founded with the co-operation and good- 
will of your august Society, and we take pride in the thought that we may 
almost regard our own Body as the offshoot of an historic Institution which 
has flourished through so long a period of the national life. The Royal 
Society had its beginnings in troublous times, when the proud legend 
inscribed on the Society's seal found in very deed a wide application ; but at 
no time has it been other than true to the high and arduous ends to which its 
labours have from the first been devoted, or ceased from the pursuit and 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 97 

service of Truth. One of the earliest of the Associations founded in any 
European country 'for promoting Natural Knowledge', it has extended its 
investigations, so as to comprehend all the Physical as well as Mathematical 
Sciences, and the roll of its Presidents, Secretaries, and of successive generations 
of its Fellows, as well as of its Metlallists, covers the entire range of modern 
scientific {)rogres8. The ' Invisible College ' of the years preceding the Grant 
of the Society's first Charter, which it commemorates to-day, has long since 
established its leading position among the chief agencies in the advancement of 
'Natural Knowledge' throughout the world. Nor can we forget that the list 
of its Officers and Fellows includes many names notable in the annals of British 
Letters, and in the history of those Studies which have of late found particular 
representation among the members of our own Body. Of the long and varied 
labours of the Royal Society a record of monumental completeness is presented 
in its Transactions, extending over very nearly the whole of the two hundred 
and fifty years of its strenuous existence. To the work thus unintermittently 
carried on by the Society has been added its faithful and fruitful administration 
of the important trusts committed to it by the Government of the Country, 
and through other Benefactions, as well as its wise distribution of the Annual 
Grants made to it, and its judicious award of Distinctions marking great 
achievements in original Scientific Investigation. All these high and onerous 
functions have been performed by the Royal Society in a spirit of self-devotion 
and with a fullness of success which entitle it to the grateful acknowledge- 
ments of a long series of generations, including the present of which we form 
part. With the sincere expression, on the present great occasion, of this 
widespresid and well-merited recognition, the British Academy, in a spirit of 
faithful and grateful homage, desires most cordially to associate itself 

(Signed) 

A. W. WARD, President of the British Academy. 
REAY - ] Late Presidents of the 

E. MAUNDE THOMPSON) British Academy. 
I. GOLLANCZ, Secretary of the British Academy. 

Date of Sealing, June H, 1912. 



British Museum, London 

To THE President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society. — The 
Tbustees of the British Museum desire to offer to you their cordial con- 
gratulations on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of 
the foundation of your Society. Few institutions for the advancement of 
natural knowledge can claim an existence of equal length ; none can boas-t 
a longer list of services to humanity than that which stands to the credit of 

h 



98 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

the Royal Society and its Pellows. A Corporation such as yours, which 
includes within its ranks all the most eminent representatives of every branch 
of natural iinowledge within the British Dominions, which commands the 
confidence of the nation and receives the support of the Government, can 
direct and co-ordinate effort, can encourage enterprise, can reward achievement, 
and thereby can promote the advance and welfare of scientific investigation 
with a power altogether outside the reach of individuals or of special societies. 
The RoyeJ Society is one of the glories of England and the Empire ; and all 
Englishmen are glad to join in celebrating this landmark in its long career of 
usefulness. The Trustees of the British Museum feel that they have a special 
claim to approach you on this occasion and to share in your rejoicings. The 
British Museum owes its origin to a munificent bequest from a Fellow and 
President of the Royal Society, Sir Hans Sloane ; and the Act of Incorpora- 
tion, by which it was founded in 1753, ordains that among the official 
Trustees of the Museum shall always be the President of the Royal Society 
for the time being. Thus, throughout its whole existence, the British 
Museum has had the advantage of the counsel, and has enjoyed the support, 
of every President of your Society ; and not least would the Trustees grate- 
fully acknowledge the assistance they have received from the distinguished 
man of science who now holds that high and enviable post. The interests of 
the British Museum are closely intertwined with the interests of science. The 
Museum, in its Library and its Natural History Departments, provides the 
materials for a vast amount of scientific research. Much of that research has 
been conducted by the officers of the Museum, past and present, many of whom 
have received the coveted honour of the Fellowship of your Society. It is, 
therefore, with the interest that is born of close association and common 
aspirations that the British Museum, in the person of its Trustees, rejoices in 
the glorious past of the Royal Society, and wishes it a long and not less 
glorious future. , 

Sealed with the Common Seal of the British Museum, 6 July, 1913. 



Chemical Society, London 

The Chemical Societv to the President, Councii., and Fellows of the 
Royal Society, Greeting. — Amongst the many learned bodies represented 
here to-day there is certainly none which can wish to offer you more sincere 
and heartfelt congratulations than the Chemical Society. The Officers, 
Council, and Fellows of our Society desire to associate themselves with you 
in celebrating the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the birth of 
a scientific corporation which in the distinction of its history is assuredly 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 99 

second to no similar body in the World. The great army of diligent and 
determined workers who are united by the solemn covenant to extend Man's 
knowledge of Nature look with reverence and gratitude on the Society which, 
during two and a half centuries, has kept alive in these Islands the sacred fire 
of Research, and has included within its Fellowship men whose names and 
achievements are amongst the most imperishable glories of the human race. 
We desire to take this opportunity of expressing, however imperfectly, our 
indebtedness to the Society of Boyle, of Cavendish, of Priestley, of Dalton, 
and of Davy, and we are proud to remember that these early masters of our 
Science, by the stimulus which their investigations gave to the growth of 
Chemical Knowledge, led to the origin of our Society by a natural process of 
gemmation from your body. It is, therefore, in the capacity of children, and 
as an act of filial piety, that we desire to offer to you, our parents, dutiful 
felicitations to-day. We would take this opportunity again of gladly and 
freely acknowledging before all men that whatever success our own Society 
may have achieved, whatever may be the dignity to which we have attained, 
and whatever service to Science and to Mankind we may have been privileged 
to perform, we largely owe to the inspiration which our founders drew from 
the magnificent traditions of the Royal Society. This quickening influence 
has been and, we trust, may long be maintained by a close association with 
you, by the community of Fellowship which exists between your Society and 
ours, and by the kindred ideals and aspirations which animate us both. 
Signed on behalf of the Chemical Society: 

PERCY F. FRANKLAND, President. 

ALEXANDER SCOTT, Treasurer. 

ARTHUR W. CROSSLEY 1 
SAMUEL SMILES ) '^^^'■^'«"^*- 

HORACE T. BROWN, Foreign Secretary. 

Sealed in Council this Twentieth Day of June, One Thousand Nine 
Hundred and Twelve. 



Entomological Society, London 

SociETATi Regiae Societas Entomologica Londinensis S. p. D. — Benevole 
a vobis invitati, ut unum aliquem nostrum delegemus, qui natalicia vestra 
vobiscum celebret, munus hoc vel potius honorem Praesidi nostro, qui nunc 
est, contulimus, mandavimusque ei ut, epistolae huius testimonio, vobis 
declaret, nostrum omnium in votis esse ut Societas vestra virorum illustrium 
— sapientiae doctrinaeque Britannicae iam per tot annos decus et tutamen — 
felicitate, gloria, denique rebus omnibus optabilibus, magis magisque semper 

H 2 



100 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

floreat, utque indagatio ac scientia rerum physicaram (quo ex fonte unum 
quasi rivulum fluentem Sodalitas nostra, quantum potest, consectari amat) 
patrocinio et favore vestro adiuvari nunquam desinat. Valete. 

F. D. MORICE, Praeses. 

A. HUGH JONES ) 

JNO. HARTLEY DURRANT '■'^*' 



JAMES J. WALKER 
GEORGE WHEELER 

Datum Londini, mense Julio, MCMXII. 



■ Hon. Sec. 



Geological Society, London 

ReGIAE LoNDINENSIUM SOCIETATI GeOLOGICA LONDINENSIUM SoCIETAS S. P. D. 

Hodie, viri amplissimi, Regiae Londinensium Societati Societas Geologica 
corde gratulatur ducentos quinquaginta annos summa cum laude confectos. 
Occasionem auspicatam laeti arripimus confitendi quid nos potissimum 
debeamus Almae Matri omnium fere coUegiorum quae nunc apud Britannos 
exstant arcana naturae explorandi causa. Ad origines vestrae Societatis 
paulisper respicere liceat. Videtisne ut ex illo philosophorum globo, qui id 
temporis congressi sunt inquisitionem rerum physicarum promovendi causa, 
nata sit indagatio ista subterraneorum aenigmatum (eorum praecipue quae ad 
interius orbis terrarum tegumentum spectant) quae luce clarius edocuit arcana 
naturae, non modo in re geologica, verum etiam in unaquaque scientiae 
provincia, congregationibus indagantium et partitione operis potius quam 
singulorum investigatorum ope in lucem esse proferenda ? lam centum abhinc 
annos nos fratres geologici domicilio, ut ita dicam, proprio utimur ; gratis 
tamen animis ad Almam Matrem nutricemque respicimus. Cui nostrum non 
surgunt cristae quum secum reputet matris nostrae cordi esse quae ipsi penitus 
investigare propositum habemus ? Quis non superbit quod tu, vir amplissime, 
quem nos fratrem commilitonemque in nostra militia salutamus, in sellam 
praesidialem huius velut praetorii scientiarum, contubernalium suffragiis, 
accitus es ? Societas Regia optime de Republica merita est, quippe quae 
ubique ardorem indagandi tum genuerit tum stimulaverit. O si quae laus 
earn saeculis superioribus prosecuta est, ea per ventura saecula splendore baud 
imminuto illustret ! 

AUBREY STRAHAN, Praeses. 

A. SMITH WOODWARD U^^retani. 
HERBERT H. THOMAS J 

BEDFORD McNeill, Thesaurarim. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 101 

Geological Survey of Great Britain and Museum of 
Practical Geology, London 

Address of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and the Museum 
OF Practical Geology to the Royal Socieii' of London. — The Geological 
Survey of Great Britain and the Museum of Practical Geology desire to take 
their part in the congratulations which are being offered by the whole civilized 
world to the Royal Society of London on the attainment of its two hundred 
and fiftieth Anniversary. To the influence of the Society in carrying out its 
vocation of improving Natural Knowledge, the growth of the science of 
Geology was chiefly due for nearly a century and a half, and though now for 
upwards of a hundred years geologists have found other homes, they can never 
forget that the Royal Society is the parent of all scientific institutions in the 
British Dominions. The Geological Survey and Museum are proud to 
remember that all their Directors and many other members of their staff have 
been Fellows of the Royal Society, and more especially that a former Director 
General now occupies the Presidential Chair. Being well aware of the great 
work performed by the Society not only in original research in every branch 
of science but in advising the State on scientific matters, in administering 
funds for the furtherance of research, and in investigations leading to the 
improvement of man's position upon the earth, it is the fervent wish of these 
Institutions that the Royal Society of London may long continue its eminently 
distinguished and useful career. 

J. J. H. TEALL, Director 

July, 1912. 



Institute of_Chemistry, London 

The President, Council, and Fellows of the Institute of Chemistry of 
Great Britain and Ihel.\nd have great pleasure in offering to the President, 
Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London their sincere and hearty 
congratulations on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary 
of the incorporation of the Society. The Institute of Chemistry desires to be 
associated with Academies, Learned Societies, and all Scientific Institutions in 
rejoicing that the Royal Society which justly takes precedence as the parent 
of all our Scientific Societies, has with such marked success upheld the world- 
wide prestige of Science generally, and that throughout the two and a half 
centuries of its existence the great objects of its founders have been faithfully 
maintained to the honour of this country, and to the everlasting benefit of the 
cause of civilization and humanity at large. In the domain of Chemistry, no 
less than in other branches of Science, the Royal Society has fostered the 



102 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

progress of Learning and Research. The Institute recalls with pride that 
from its foundation in 1877 its Register has home the names of no less than 
106 Fellows of the Royal Society, while at the present time 48 Fellows of the 
Institute enjoy that distinction. It is the earnest hope of the Institute that 
the Royal Society may continue its career with undiminished vigour and 
success and that the great traditions of its past history may be carried on by 
future generations of its Fellows. 
This 15th day of July, 1912. 

RAPHAEL MELDOLA, President. 
WILLIAM A. TILDEN 



GEORGE BEILBY 
FRANK CLOWES 
GEORGE McGOWAN 
JOHN MILLAR THOMSON 
ALEXANDER PEDLER 



\ Vice-Presidents. 



ALFRED GORDON SALAMON, Hon. Treasurer. 
RICHARD B. PILCHER, Registrar and Secretary. 

Institution of Electrical Engineers, London 

To THE PeESIDENT AND CoDNCIL OF THE RoYAL SOCIETY OF LoNDON 

Greeting. — The President and Council of the Institution of Electrical 
Engineers offer their congratulations to the Royal Society on the completion 
of the two hundred and fiftieth year of its existence. They are happy to 
recall how much the Royal Society has done since the days of Robert Boyle 
and Francis Hauksbee to promote the discovery of electrical phenomena and 
of the laws of electricity and magnetism. They will ever remember the 
additions to electrical knowledge due to Sir Isaac Newton, Stephen Gray, 
Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Priestley, Abraham Bennet, Sir Humphry Davy, 
Michael Faraday, John Frederick Daniell, Sir William Grove, Sir Francis 
Ronalds, James Prescott Joule, Sir Charles Wheatstone, John Tyndall, 
Latimer Clarke, David Edward Hughes, Lord Kelvin, James Clerk Maxwell, 
John Hopkinson, George Francis FitzGerald, William Edward Ayrton, and 
other Fellows of the Royal Society. They express the hope that the Royal 
Society may enjoy unbroken prosperity, and may continue to promote the 
progress of electrical science. 

On behalf of the Institution, the XVI day of July, MDCCCCXII. 

S. Z. DE FERRANTI, President. 
W. DUDDELL, President Elect. 
P. F. ROWELL, Secretary. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 103 



Iron and Steel Institute, London 

Instituti Febbi et Chalybis Praeses et Cokciuum et Socii Praesidi et Con- 
<iLio ET SoDAUBUS SociETATis Regalis SalutciTi. — Fausta oblata occasione, quod 
natalem diem doctissimae vestrae Societatis annos iam CCL constitutae 
celebraiidum statuistis, antiquissimae et illustrissimae omnium in hac patria 
nostra societatum, quae Scientiae Naturali promovendae studuerunt, nos laeti 
et pietate affecti, cum ceteris huiusce generis societatibus, parenti nostrae 
insigni et dilectae gratulationem non simulatam agimus, et vota conferimus ut 
stabilita in annos floreat et praevalescat. 

Datum Londinii, Id. ltd. MCMXII et rnanu nostra et signo conjirmatum. 

ARTHUR COOPER, Praeses. 
G. C. LLOYD, Secretarius. 



LiNNEAN Society, London 

The Linnean Society of London desires to present its congratulations to 
the Royal Society of London oh the celebration of the two hundred and 
fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation, on the completion of a period which 
has witnessed so vast a development of the Sciences, and on the noble part 
which the Society itself has borne in this boundless ' Improvement of Natural 
Knowledge '. The Linnean Society rejoices to recall, not only the many who 
have been and are on the RoUs of both Societies, thereby constituting links 
between the two, but also that Sir Joseph Banks, who took a large part in the 
foundation of the Linnean Society, presided for forty-one years over the Royal 
Society, and that the great Swedish naturalist whose name is borne by the 
Linnean Society, was also a Foreign Member of the Royal Society. 

Given under the Common Seal of the Society this Twentieth day of 
Jum, 1912. 

EDWARD B. POULTON, President. 
B. DAYDON JACKSON 
OTTO STAPF \ Secretaries. 

GILBERT C. BOURNE 



Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, London 

Praesidi SoDAUBUsauE Illustrissimae Societatis Regalis Regentes, 
Pbofessores, Studiosi in Collegio auon Lister Institute of Preventive 
Medicine appellatur S. P. D. — Libenter, viri doctissimi, litteras vestras 
accepimus necnon summa erga vos voluntate quod, tot annis rite peractis in 



104 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

arcanis Naturae exquirendis, Sodalitateni vestram praeclaram, fortunatis. 

auspiciis conditani, tanta prudentia perfectam, celebrare velitis, Societati 

Regali pro temporis opportunitate gratulamur. Nos qui sub auspiciis Lister 

(hominis praeclarissimi et quondam Sodalitatis vestrae praesidis) abditas 

causas, in quibus requiritur ex quibus principiis nostra corpora sint, quid 

secundam quid adversam valetudinem faciat, patefacere laboramus, baud 

immemores sumus illorum tam praeclarorum virorum, Boyle, Mayow, Hales, 

Jenner, Young quorum nomina cum multis aliis necnon illustribus in fastis 

Societatis vestrae inscripta sunt. Tanto desiderio, tanta in vos benevolentia 

vehementer commoti, virum bonum, doctissimum Henricum Roscoe equitem, 

per multos annos Concilio nostro praepositum, qui ipse praesens ad nostram 

amicitiam praestandam feriis vestris intersit, legatum destinavimus. Floreat 

in aeternum Societas Regalis penitus dilecta honoribus novis novisque inceptis 

exornata ! 

HENRY E. ROSCOE, Praeses. 

J. LUARD PATTISSON, Aerario Praefectus. 

CHARLES J. MARTIN, Director. 



Mathematical Society, London 

The London Mathematical Society, of whose duty it is part to elaborate 
the instrument without which all pursuit of Natural Knowledge must finally 
be futile, desires to offer humble congratulations on the attainment of her 
two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary to the Royal Society. That this 
Society may ever continue to be imbued with the reverent and enthusiastic 
desire to unravel the secrets of Nature which has characterized all her most 
distinguished Fellows, and may ever hold herself in readiness, untrammelled 
by any too intimate relations with other institutions, to take her rightful 
place in succeeding times of Renaissance, is the prayer of all the special 
societies who own her pre-eminence. On behalf of the London Mathematical 
Society : 



July 16, 1912. 



H. F. BAKER, President. 



Mercers' Company, London 



To THE President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society. — The 
Mercers' Company of London desire to offer to you the President, Council, and 
Fellows of the Royal Society their sincere congratulations on the occurrence 
of the 250th Anniversary of the incorporation of your Society, whose history 
from its commencement has been an uninterrupted and glorious succession 
of conquests over Nature, conquests differing from other conquests in that they 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 105 

have been achieved, not by resistance to Nature, but by an ever increasing 
i<nowledge of and obedience to her laws. It is a further subject for 
congratulation that the true method by which these results have been 
achieved, the method of experiment and test, which was from the first laid 
down by your Society, was truly laid, and has since been universally aciinow- 
ledged. We acknowledge also the large share which, on a survey of your 
successes, must be attributed to the principle represented by the words which 
you have adopted as your motto and have so greatly fortified in action, the 
principle of the independence of the human intellect. We acitnowledge it with 
the more gratitude, since in supporting that principle you have conferred 
benefits on manicind not limited to the particular subjects which you have 
made more especially your own. We know, from the account which has been 
preserved, the ideas which actuated the founders of your Society, and it is very 
fitting that we of the present day, who can judge by the event the value of 
those ideas, should join with you in celebrating, and render our respectful 
homage to, the memory of those gifted men who formulated the principles and 
laid down the lines of your work, though they could only prophetically foresee 
the grandeur of the results to follow. May the Royal Society long continue 
its glorious career to the increase of true knowledge, the honour of our nation, 
and the welfare and happiness of the whole human race. 

HORACE CULLEN, Ma-iter. 
July, 1912. 



MiNERALOGICAL SOCIETY, LONDON 

SociETAs MiNERALOGicA SociETATi Regali S. P. D. — GratulamuT Societati 
vestrae quod annos ducentos et quinquaginta ab origine vestra feliciter 
peractos mox estis celebraturi. Simul maximas gratias agimus quod scientias 
illas quae ad terrae structuram mineralem pertinent auxilio vestro et hortatione 
semper fovistis. 

W. J. LEWIS, Praeses. 

W.P. BE ALE, Thesaurensis. 

GEORGE T. PRIOR, Secretarius. 

Datum Londini, die XVIII mensis lunii, MCMXII. 



Pharmaceutical Society, Loxdon 

SociETATis Pharmaceuticae Magnae Britanniae Praeses, Concilium, 
SoDAi.Es Societati Regali Salutem. — Gratulamur animo quam amicissimo 
Societati vestrae illustrissimae doctissimaeque natalem ducentesimum quinqua- 
gesimum celebranti, speramusque fore ut ita in posteros annos floreat ut cumu- 



106 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

latis quae iam antea laudanda effecit, rerum naturae scientiam proferat atque 
augeat, totiusque humani generis utilitatibus scrviat. Illud quoque nobis 
pergratum est recordari, quod Gulielmus ille Allen, qui primus fuit Societatis 
Pharmaceuticae anno MDCCCXLI praeses, et ipse Societatis Regalis sodalis 
fuit, quodque Societas Regalis semper et sua opera et aliis incitandis magno 
fuit adiumento Societati nostrae, per hos septuaginta annos id agenti ut 
artium chemicae et pharmaceuticae scientia apud Britannos amplificaretur. 
Datum Londinii, die III mensis lulii, MCMXII,pro Societate Pharmaceutica 
Magnae Britanniae. 

CHAS. B. ALLEN, Praeses. 



Physical Society, London 

To THE Pbesident, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society. — Many 
illustrious names have been inscribed on the roll of the Royal Society during 
the 250 years which have elapsed since its foundation ; but none ha\ e added 
a greater lustre to the fame of the Society and to the glory of their country 
than those of the men who devoted themselves to the study of Physics. 
Newton firmly planted the Tree of Science, Young, Joule, Faraday, Maxwell, 
Stokes, and Lord Kelvin have spread its branches in many directions. May 
we, therefore, — a young Society specially devoted to the study of Physics — pay 
our warm tribute of regard and affection to the parent body whose members 
have laid the foundation on which we are trying to build ! May the record 
of the Royal Society be as glorious in the future as it has been in the past, 
and may she continue to possess the confidence and admiration of all who seek 
the advancement of Natural Knowledge ! On behalf of the Physical Society 
OF London : 

ARTHUR SCHUSTER, President. 

W. DUDDELL, Treasurer. 

SI LV ANUS P. THOMPSON, Foreign Secretary. 

W. R. COOPER 



S. W. J. SMITH r^'^''^''^"^*- 



Juiie, 1912. 



Royal Anthropological Institute, London 

To THE President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society of London. 
— We, the President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Anthropological 
Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, desire to offer to you our hearty 
congratulations on the occasion of the completion of the two hundred and 
fiftieth year of your glorious history. Your Society has during that long 
period been the centre of scientific thought, the home of the most illustrious 
workers and discoverers in science, the representative throughout the world 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 107 

of British scientific research and the constant and trusted adviser and almoner 
of the Crown and the Government of the country in respect of all matters 
relating to the progress of Science. Our Institute has less than seventy years' 
record to look back upon, for the Ethnological Society of London, which forms 
part of it, was founded in 1843, and the Anthropological Society of London, 
which forms the other part of it, in 1863. The two Societies were combined in 
1871, and it is to one who conferred lustre on your Society, our then President, 
Thomas Henry Huxley, that that happy combination was due. We have 
owed much to other great men who, belonging to your body, have devoted 
themselves especially to the work of Anthropological Science, and have 
presided over our Institute. Among these are George Busk, Francis Galton, 
John Evans, John Beddoe, Augustus Franks, Augustus Pitt-Rivers, Daniel 
Cunningham, and others who are departed, as well as Lord Avebury, Alexan- 
der Macalister, Edward Burnet Tylor, and other distinguished members of 
your body who happily remain with us. It is to one of the ornaments of your 
Society — Charles Darwin — that the science of Anthropology owes its most 
powerful inspiration. The Origin of Species and the Descent of Man 
gave a new impulse and direction to the students of our science and formed 
for them a fresh starting-point for laborious and fruitful investigation. We 
have for many years felt the assured conviction that your body, as the 
acknowledged leaders of scientific thought, had the most complete sympathy 
with our work ; that you viewed the growing development of it with cordial 
satisfaction ; and that you had thus contributed much towards its successful 
prosecution. It is accordingly with a special feeling of gratification that we 
have deputed our President, Dr. A. P. Maudslay, to be our representative at 
the Celebration of your auspicious Anniversary and to present to you in our 
name this our Address of Congratulation. 

ALFRED P. MAUDSLAY. 

Dated the 11th day of June, 191S. 



Royal Astronomical Society, London 

We, the President, Vice-Presidents, and Council of the Royal Astronomical 
Society, desire to offer our most hearty congratulations to the Royal Society on 
the celebration of the 250th Annivei-sary of its foundation. We would testify 
to the unceasing efforts of the Royal Society to promote the advancement of 
Natural Knowledge, which have eminently contributed to the present remark- 
able development of the sciences and their application to technical and 
industrial arts. Particularly do we desire to acknowledge the beneficial 
influence of the Royal Society on the study of Astronomy evidenced by the 
large number of important memoirs on Astronomical Science found in its 
publications. We note with pride the long roll of distinguished Astronomers 



108 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

who have been Fellows of the Society ; and we are mindful that it was the 
extensive progress of Astronomy made in Great Britain under the encourage- 
ment of the Royal Society, which led to the formation of the Royal Astro- 
nomical Society. We are confident that the Royal Society will in the future, 
as in the past, continue to exercise the same fostering and effective influence 
upon the progress and development of all branches of Natural Knowledge. 

F. W. DYSON, President. 
ARTHUR R. HINKS, Secretary. 
June 14, 1913. 

Royal Geographical Society, London 

To THE President and Council of the Royal Society, from the President 
AND Council of the Royal Geographical Society. Gentlemen, — On behalf 
of the Council of the Royal Geographical Society, and as representing the 
Fellows, I desire to convey to you our warmest congratulations on the occasion 
of the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the foundation of your Society. 
It would be superfluous for me to point out the claims which the Royal 
Society possesses upon the admiration and gratitude of all who have the 
interests of scientific progi-ess at heart. Through long years it was the only 
Institution in this country devoted to the encouragement and publication of the 
results of scientific research on purely disinterested lines, and without any hope 
of reward, except the satisfaction which follows the successful search for truth. 
The most illustrious names in all departments of Science have been connected 
with the Royal Society from its foundation. From the very first every serious 
research into any of the many aspects of the universe was welcomed by the 
Society, and the results were impartially considered. In time, and largely due 
to the action of the Royal Society, this work of scientific research became so 
multifarious that other Societies grew up alongside the parent Society, and 
co-operated in the common object of seeking after the truth, and attempting 
to interpret the phenomena of the universe. In past generations the subject 
with which the Society is directly concerned had its fair share of attention at 
the hands of the Royal Society, many of whose Fellows were specialists in 
Geography ; and the influence and example of the Royal Society have not been 
without their effect in inducing British geographers to apply scientific methods 
in an ever increasing degree to their own department of research. In 
pursuing its work the Royal Society has rendered eminent services to the 
Empire and to the world, and we confidently hope that in the future it will 
continue to occupy the commanding position in Science which it has attained 
in the past. On behalf of the Council and Fellows of the Royal Geographical 
Society, I am, Gentlemen, Your obedient servant, 

CURZON OF KEDLESTON, President R.G.S. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 109 



Royal Institution of Great Britain, London 

The Members of the Royal Institution of Great Britain congratulate 
the Royal Society of London on the occasion of the celebration of its two 
hundred and fiftieth Anniversai-y, and wish the Society all prosperity and 
success in the future. 

DONALD W. C. HOOD, 

Delegate of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. 
21 Albemarle Street, London, W. 
July 16th, 1912. 

Royal Meteorological Society, London 

To THE Royal Society, London. — We, the President and Council of the 
Royal Meteorological Society, desire to offer to the Royal Society our sincere 
congratulations on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of 
its foundation. We are deeply sensible of the pre-eminent position which the 
Royal Society has always held in the promotion of natural knowledge, and of 
the beneficial influence it has exerted upon the advancement of learning and 
also upon the scientific development of the technical and industrial arts, by its 
unceasing efforts. We recognize with especial satisfaction the support which 
the Royal Society has afforded to the science of Meteorology, as exemplified 
particularly in the labours of the Meteorological Committee. Many names 
eminent in meteorological science occur in the Roll of Fellowship of the 
Royal Society, and the published records of the Society contain numerous 
contributions of outstanding importance to our knowledge of the mechanics 
and physics of the atmosphere. In congratulating the Royal Society upon 
a long and brilliant record of past achievement we are assured that it will 
continue in the future to take an "Equally important part in the progress of 
all branches of science. 

Given under the Seal of the Society, June 19th, 1912. 

H. N. DICKSON, President. 
FRANCIS CAMPBELL-BAYARD) 
W. F. CABORNE 



Secretaries. 



Royal Microscopical Society, London 

The Council and Fellows of the Royal Microscopical Society have 
commissioned Henry George Plimmer, a Fellow of the Royal Society, and 
their own President, to act as their Delegate at the 2;50th Anniversary of the 
foundation of the Royal Society. They have desired him to convey the 



110 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

heartiest greetings and congratulations of one of the younger of its daughters 
to the Royal Society on this the occasion of its 250th Anniversary, and thus 
to testify to the honour and respect in which they hold the great Mother 
of the Learned Societies. Signed on behalf of the Royal Microscopical 
Society, by 

H. G. PLIMMER, President. 

WYNNE E. BAXTER, Treasurer. 

JNO. EYRE I 

F. SHILLINGTON SCALES [''>^""^^«"^*- 



RoYAX Society of Arts, London 

The Royal Society foe the Encoueagement of Aets, Manufactuees, 
AND CoMMEECE welcomes the opportunity which has been afforded to it of 
offering its warm congratulations and best wishes to the Royal Society on 
the 250th Anniversary of its foundation. Among the many services which 
the Royal Society has rendered to this country and to Science in general, 
one — not the least — has been that in proportion as the increase of knowledge 
has rendered necessary special and separate study of each branch of in- 
vestigation, the Society has been instrumental in the formation of fresh 
Associations for this purpose, while itself maintaining a general interest in 
the whole field of progress and discovery. The Society of Arts, in whose 
foundation a century and a half ago several Fellows of the Royal Society 
took a prominent part, has from its commencement looked 'to the Royal 
Society as the parent of such Associations in this country, no less than the 
model for similar combinations abroad, and congratulates itself on the close 
connexion between the two Societies, which has been maintained throughout 
its existence by the presence in its ranks of many distinguished Fellows of 
the Royal Society. The Council have had pleasure in deputing their Chairjiax 
to represent them among the distinguished crowd of Delegates who have 
come fi'om all countries of the world to take part in the celebration of this 
auspicious Anniversary, and they desire to express their earnest hope that 
the future may have in store for the first and greatest of English Scientific 
Societies achievements no less illustrious and beneficial to mankind than those 
which are recorded in its past history. Sealed with the Seal of the Royal 
Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce in the 
presence of 

SANDERSON, Chairman of the Council. 
H. T. WOOD, Secretary to the Society. 

5th November, 1912. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 111 



RoYAi, Society of Medicine, Londox 

The Royal Society of Medicink. — The President, Council, and Fellows 
of the Royal Society of Medicine very heartily congratulate the President, 
Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society on the completion of two hundred 
and fifty years spent in the execution of the very important duties with which 
it is entrusted. A Society which has for its object the improvement of the 
Art and Science of Medicine in all its branches, towards which improvement 
the advancement in knowledge in various other Sciences so largely contributes, 
cannot but take the warmest interest in the continued prosperity and use- 
fulness of the Royal Society, especially as there were among the original 
members of that Society several Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians 
of London, and as moreover several of its Presidents have been Fellows 
either of that College or of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. In 
former times when the power of Analysis had outrun the means of obtaining 
knowledge, natural Philosophy and Metaphysics and the analysis of Sense 
and the analysis of Thought were hopelessly confused by the attempt to 
solve them, not through an appeal to facts, but by the help of general 
theories respecting the nature of the Universe. In the philosophy of 
Antiquity the meaning of the word ' Science ' could scarcely be explained 
to students, except from the mathematical sciences, which alone offered the 
type of Universality and Certainty. Geometry was regarded as the pro- 
paedeutic to philosophy. Somewhat of this view perhaps lingered at the 
time when those who afterwards gave birth to the Royal Society had 'a 
designe of founding a Colledge for the promoting of Physico-Mathematicall- 
Experimentall Learning '. But the Royal Society — having arisen out of the 
'Invisible College' of which Boyle the disciple of Francis Bacon (both of 
imperishable fame) speaks in sundry letters, having been granted a Charter 
on July 1.5th, 1662, by Charles II, mathematical pupil of Hobbes, and 
having adopted as its title the name first applied to it by the celebrated 
diarist Evelyn — directed its inquiries, particularly, to what was then called 
the 'New Philosophy' or 'Experimental Philosophy' ' for the improving of 
natural knowledge by experiments'. True to its origin and history, the 
Royal Society still elects Princes of the Blood, and persons selected by the. 
Council from among men distinguished in walks of life other than Science ; 
whilst by the restrictions made during the presidency of Sir Joseph Banks, 
and subsequently, the number of Candidates recommended for election has 
been limited to fifteen annually. Concurrently with this restriction of the 
Fellowship, Science has grown enormously ; and as a consequence, other 
Scientific Societies have been established, some under the auspices of several 
Fellows of the Royal Society and by Royal Charter, some independently of 
either of these advantages, but all active in the promotion of special branches 



112 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

of Science. The Ro_yal Society is 144 years younger than the Royal 
College of Physicians of London, but it is the oldest exclusively scientific 
body in Great Britain, and one of the oldest in Europe. That it may 
continue in the successful performance of its various functions as the promoter 
of scientific investigations and researches, as the adviser of the Government 
in connexion with national scientific works, and as the administrator of 
Government grants and trust funds for experiments and for the publication 
not only of its own invaluable Transactions and Proceedings but also of 
scientific papers issued through other channels, is the earnest wish of the 
Royal Society of Medicine, which shares with other learned bodies the honour 
and special pleasure of taking part in the festivities of this Commemoration. 

HENRY MORRIS, President. 
July 15th, 1912. 

Royal Statistical Society, London 

To THE President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Societv. — We, the 
President and Council, representing the general body of Fellows of the 
Royal Statistical Society, desire to present to the President, Council, and 
Fellows of the Royal Society on the occasion of the two hundred and fiftieth 
Anniversary of its foundation, our sincere congratulations and greetings. 
We are proud to claim association with your illustrious Society, not only 
because in the pursuit of exact knowledge we look to you for guidance and 
inspiration, but also because since the earliest days the Royal Statistical 
Society has received the active support of many who are eminent in Science. 
We recall with satisfaction that among the great names which adorn your 
roll are included those of many of our Presidents, while other Fellows of our 
Society intimately associated with our aims and activities, have added to 
their distinction as Statisticians the lustre of the Fellowship of the Royal 
Society. Among our Presidents the names of Lord John Russell, Lord 
Houghton, William Newmarch, Dr. William Farr, Dr. Guy, Lord Goschen, 
Sir Robert GifFen, Lord Avebury are prominent ; while our list of Treasurers 
includes Henry Hallam and George Richardson Porter. It is of interest also 
to record that Charles Richard Weld, the historian of the Royal Society, was 
at one time Assistant Secretary to the Royal Statistical Society. On the 
maintenance of your high traditions and the continuance of your labours 
depend in a large degree the future welfare and greatness of our nation. 
Now more than ever must your researches, by their breadth, by their 
penetration, by their originality, give an impulse to the force and variety 
of our national life. Great, however, as is your national mission, there is 
a greater still ; for Science recognizes no geographical frontiers nor is 
national advancement alone its incentive. Your high ideals touch the 
welfare of all mankind, and your labours are illumined by the whole 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 118 

firmament of Knowledge. It is because, in our more modest sphere of work, 
we too are guided by the same standards and inspired by the same ideals 
that we offer our sincere congratulations on this memorable occasion. 

Given under the Common Seal of The Royal Statistical Society, 11th 
July, 19m. 

F. Y. EDGEWORTH, President. 
RICHARD B. MARTIN, Treasurer. 

R. H. REW I 

G. UDNY YULE [Honorary Secretaries. 
A. W. FLUX 



Zoological Society, London 

The Council and Fellows of the Zoological Society of London send 
greetings to the Royal Society. They have commissioned Sie Hehbeand 
Arthl'r Russell, Duke of Bedford, Knight of the Most Honourable Order of 
the Garter, Fellow of the Royal Society, and their own President, to act as their 
delegate at the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the foundation of 
the Royal Society and to testify to the honour and respect in which they hold 
this great instrument for the advancement of natural knowledge. Signed for 
the Council of the Zoological Society of London : 

BEDFORD, President. 

P. CHALMERS MITCHELL, Secretary. 
Jidy 15, 1912. 



British Association for the Advancement of Science 

To the President and Council of the Royal Society. — We, the President 
AND Council of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 
offer our cordial congratulations to the Royal Society on the occasion of the 
celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the foundation of 
the Society. The British Association, since its birth in 1851, has been 
constantly in close relations with the Society. The great majority, not only 
of those who took the leading parts in the foundation of the Association, but 
of those who have filled its presidential chair, besides many others to whose 
earnest co-operation the success of its Annual Meetings has been due, have 
been Fellows of the Society. We would express the hope that the Society 
may continue to prosper, and may always maintain that pre-eminent position 
which is the fitting reward of its labours. Signed on behalf of the Council : 

WILLIAM RAMSAY, President. 
July, 1912. 

I 



114 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Cambridge Philosophical Society 

Whereas on the eighth day of January of the yetu* 1912 the President, 
Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society invited the President and Council 
of the Cambhidge Philosophical Society to send a representative to be 
in London on the fifteenth day of July following at the celebration to be then 
held of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of the foundation of the 
Royal Society, now the President and Council of the Cambridge Philosophical 
Society hereby appoint their President, Sir George Howard Darwin, Knight 
Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Plumian Professor of 
Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy in the University of Cambridge, and 
Fellow of Trinity College in the same University, to be their representative 
on this occasion and to bear to the President, Council, and Fellows of the 
Royal Society their felicitations on the long-continued and illustrious services 
to science of the Society. The Fellows of the Philosophical Society desire to 
avail themselves of the present opportunity of expressing their pride in the 
fact that, from the days of Newton, members of the University of Cambridge 
and in later times of their Society have always borne an important part in the 
beneficent work of the Royal Society. 

Sealed this sixth day of July, 1912. 

G. H. DARWIN, President. 

E. W. BARNES, Secretary. 



Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society 

Praesidi Consilio Sodalibus SociETATis Regalis pro Scientia Naturau 
Promovenda annum CCL suum feliciter celerrantis S. p. D. Societas 
Littebaria et Philosophica Mancuniensis. — Etsi vix omnibus persuadebit 
poeta qui censebat 

in magnis et voluisse sat est, 

tamen cum praeclaros Societatis vestrae annales per tot iam saecula florentis 
spectemus, nostrae certe non iiigrata laus erit si quis nos voluisse iudicaverit, 
quantum quidem intra provinciam nostram fieri posset, insistere vestigiis 
vestris. Nee sine gloria quadam propria nobis, qui usque ad hunc diem 
Daltonii illius domum habitamus, recordari licet et Daltonium ipsum et 
loulium — quibus quae nomina in rebus physicis magis illustria ? — communes 
socios vestri et nostri corporis fuisse, nee non inter nos, ut inter familiares suos, 
aliquanto prius reperta sua quemque esse confessos. Nonne enim, ut cecinit 
Salomo, 'ceu ferrum ferro, sic ab amico exacuitur aniici facies'.' Nos certe si 
quid unquam boni in medium conferre vel poterimus vel potuimus, inde id 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 115 

nobis contigeiit quod vestro exemplo instincti doctos viros et naturae 
investigatores singulos ac solos laborare non patimur, sed insociorum con vi via, 
in rationis commercia attrahere conamur. Sit de nobis quoque dictum, ut a 
Vergilio olim cum Roma Mantuam comparante, 

sic canilnis catnJi similes, sic matribus haedi, 

dummodo quis hoc pro certo habeat nos haedos, quanquam iam et ipsi per 
centum et triginta annorum cursum saltavimus, victorias ac triumphos vestros, 
velut parentis, summo semper gaudio revereri, feriasque vestras hoc tempore 
laetissime celebrare. Et in tanto hoc populo, cuius necessitates in dies acrius 
Scientiae exauctae opem ante omnia implorant, diu vobis excitare ac ducere 
liceat magnum istum exercitum quaerentium veritatem. Horum ergo votorum 
nuntium, Praesidem nostrum dilectum, artis botanicae acerrimum Professorem, 
Fredericum Ernestum Weiss, a vobis benigne vocati delegavimus qui vobis 
ipse laetantibus laetitiam nostram repraesentet. 

F. E. WEISS, Praeses. 
R. L. TAYLOR 



[ Secretatii. 
GEORGE HICKLINGJ 

Datum Mancunii, ex aedibus Daltonianis, Kal. lul. MDCCCCXII. 



ASHMOLEAN NATURAL HlSTORY SoCIETY OF OXFORDSHIRE 

The Ashmolean Natural History Society of Oxfordshire sends heartiest 
congratulations to the Royal Society on the celebration of the 250th 
Anniversary of its foundation. It begs to express its profound admiration 
for the great part the Royal Society has played in the extensive development 
of Natural Knowledge, and in the enormous advancement of the beneficial and 
industrial Arts, during those 250 -years, and thanks the Royal Society for 
the stimulus and encouragement it has always afforded to other Societies, 
throughout the Empire, by its splendid example in the field of research. For 
these reasons the Ashmolean Natural History Society of Oxfordshire, thus 
named in memory of Elias Ashmole, one of the earliest Fellows of the Royal 
Society, desires herewith to offer its humble homage and greeting. 

ARTHUR A. RAMBAUT, President and Delegate. 



Society of Chemicai- Industry 

To THE President, Council, and Memhers of the Royal Society. — The 
President and Council of the Society of Chemical Industry offer to the 
Royal Society their most hearty congratulations on the attainment of the two 
hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation and have nominated to 

I 2 



116 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

represent them on this happy occasion Rudolph Messel, their President. At 
no time in the history of experimental science has there been any hard and fast 
line dividing science from its applications, and the President and Council of 
the Society of Chemical Industry recognize with pride that among the Fellows 
of the Royal Society have been found some of the most brilliant examples the 
world has seen of the genius which, while it seeks and grasps the highest 
generalizations, is at the same time intensely alive to the applications of 
science in arts and manufactures. As the oldest chartered scientific society in 
this country and the mother of many daughter societies, the Royal Society 
rouses the sympathy and admiration of all followers of applied science 
throughout the world. The Society of Chemical Industry cannot forget that 
it owed much of its early success to the timely support of Fellows of the Royal 
Society : the Right Honourable Sir Henry Roscoe, its first President ; Sir 
Frederick Abel, Sir Lowthian Bell, Sir William Perkin, Sir William Siemens, 
Dr. Angus Smith, Mr. Walter Weldon, Prof. A. W. Williamson, and Dr. 
James Young, its first Vice-Presidents ; and Capt. W. de W. Abney, Sir 
William Crookes, Dr. Peter Griess, and Dr. Hermann Sprengel, Members of its 
first Council. When the Society of Chemical Industry opened its doors to men 
of every country and every race, the Royal Society at once welcomed this 
manifestation of the brotherhood of Science, and marked its appreciation of the 
great importance of such international exchanges of courtesy and scientific 
opinion by the new departure of a reception to the Society and its members 
who had come across the sea. In industrial production the gain of one nation 
may be the loss of another, but the victories of science stand alone in that 
there is no enemy to vanquish but ignorance, and its conquests are for the gain 
and enrichment of the whole human race. The increased power over nature 
won by the work of Davy and Faraday, of Rumford, and of Rutherford gives 
no exclusive gain to any one country. The Royal Society and the Society 
of Chemical Industry have a common object in improving and increasing 
natural knowledge, and the future condition of mankind, both intellectually 
and materially, depends upon the gro\vth and activity of scientific Societies. 
The organized and systematic application of science to industry is still far 
from complete. The Society of Chemical Industry looks to the Royal Society 
to continue to bestow upon its work the interest and encouragement which 
have been so fully granted in the past. In wishing for the Royal Society 
continued and increasing prosperity, the President and Council trust that the 
cordial relations existing between the Societies may be maintained and result 
in a more extended co-operation. 

RUDOLPH MESSEL, President. 
THOMAS TYRER, Treasurer. 
CHARLES G. CRESSWELL, Secretary. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 117 

SCOTLAND 

University of Aberdeen 

SociETATis Regalis Peaesidi Concilio Sodalibus Univehsitas Aberdonensis 
Salutem. — Societatem Regalem praeclarissitnani per annos fere ducentos quin- 
quaginta durasse omnibus saltern quotquot minimani scientiam habent probe 
notum est. Neque iustum esset si talis occasio silentio praetermitteretur, prae- 
sertim ab Universitatibus Britannicis. Per ea enim quae ad inlustrandam 
rerum naturam sodales vestri contulerunt doctrina nostra quotannis increbruit. 
Nos vero, qui adulescentes infonnare conamur, oblivisci nequimus vos semper 
quicquid boni operis in eorum studiis inveneritis summopere fovisse, et eodem 
tempore quinque professores nostros inter vestros socios esse adscriptos 
gloriari oportet. Itaque summa voluptate Vice-Cancellarium nostrum, virum 
admodum reverendum, Geoegium Adam SMrrn, D.D., LL.D., Litt. D., qui 
gaudium nostrum praesentia sua testetur, legare constituimus. 

STRATHCONA, Cancellarim. 

Datum Aberdoniae, vicesimo quinto die memis lunii, MCMXII. 

University- of Edinburgh 

SociETATi Regali S. P. D. Universitas Academica Edinbubgensis. — Societa- 
tem Regalem cum ceteris ubique Universitatibus nos quoque, Universitas 
Edinburgensis, iam pridem veneramur et magni facimus, ut omnis Scientiae 
praeclarissimam inventrieem et altricem. Multarum ilia quidem instar 
Universitatum est, multa in fastis suis nomina habet eorum virorum qui 
maximo ingenio praediti, veritatis investigandae acerrimi cultores, plurimum 
generi humano profuerint, Newton, Humphry Davy, Faraday, Darwin, 
Lister, Kelvin, ut pauca tantum et praecellentia e multis enumeremus. Annum 
ducentesimum quinquagesimum ita implevit Societas vestra ut nullo saeculo 
quicquam magni in Scientia novatum et in melius provectum sit cuius ilia expers 
fuerit. Videmus baud minus hodie florentem quam his tot annis praeteritis, 
diuque ut floreat optamus : diu rerum naturam indagantibus viam praemonstret 
novosque ad nova incepta animos inspiret ; sint futuris quoque temporibus 
permulti qui digni sint ut in ordinem istum tam praeclarum adscribantur. 

WILHELMUS TURNER, Praeses. 

L. J. GRANT, Secretarius Senatus Academici. 

Dabamus Edinburgi, mense lulio, anno Salutis Nostrae MCMXII. 



118 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



Univeksity of Glasgow 

Ad Societatis Regalis Praesidem, Concilium, Sodales. — Universitas 
Glasguensis salutem sibi a vobis humanissime impertitam perlibenter reddit. 
Et grato animo officii gratiam accipere iuvat, quod nos in consortium tantae 
soUemnitatis vocare dignati estis, et cum praecipue ad vos legare cuius vel ex 
auctoritate eluceat quanti honoris hunc diem habeamus. Magnus enim sane 
ille dies qui quinquagesimum lustrum claudit ex quo nobile illud sapientum 
sodalicium, iusti non sine libertate imperii instaurati specimen, regiis auspiciis 
inchoatum est. Et proprium quoddam nobis gaudium inde percipere licet 
quod illorum vestrorum luminum et satis multa et satis clara se educavisse 
haec nostra academia profiteri potest. Placuit igitur vir. cl. Donaldum 
MacAlister, Praesidem nostrum et Vicecancellarium, plurimarumque eundem 
ipsum artium antistitem, vobis hisce litteris commendatum mittere, qui et 
nostris verbis et suo lure vobis de amplissima qua adhuc floruistis laude et de 
profectus venturi spe auspicatissima, praesens gratuletur. 

Dahamus Glasguae, mens. lul. anno MCMXII. 

GEORGIUS MILLIGAN, Senatus Academki Scriba. 



University of St. Andrews 

Societatis Regalis Phaesidi Concilio et Sodalibus Universitas Avdreana 
S. P. D. — Non sine gaudio neque alieno a vobis animo acceperamus, viri 
doctissimi et amicissimi, ferias vos hoc anno acturos esse natalicias Societatis 
vestrae ducentesimas quinquagesimas, quibus ut intersit legavimus Scientiarum 
Facultatis nostrae Decanum, Iacobum Colqithoun Irvine, Scientiae Chemicae 
Professorem. Scilicet vix ullam Universitatem esse arbitramur quae benevolen- 
tius magisque ex animo Societatem vestram salutare debeat, cum apud nos 
litteris et philosophiae operam dederit Hobertus Mun-ay qui primus vobis 
praefuit et quern Societatis vestrae Animam vir summus Christian. Huygens 
appellavit. Nee defuerunt qui postera aetate e vestro numero apud nos quoque 
de scientiis bene meruerint, e quibus iuvat nomina apponere Davidis Brewster, 
Collegii S. Salvatoris et S. Leonardi apud Andreanos Praefecti, et Domini 
Playfair de St. Andrews, qui quam diligentcr in scientiis promovendis elabora- 
rint omnibus notum est. Nihil dicimus de iis quos his temporibus e nostro 
numero in vestram Societatem adscivistis, cum eos vobis satis cognitos et pro- 
batos certo sciamus. Vetera sane inter vos nosque vincula sunt et studiorum 
velut consanguinitas ; optamus igitur et precamur ut vestra Societas, sicut 
adhuc floruit, baud minus in posterum floreat semper et vigescat. 

lACOBUS DONALDSON, Vkecancellarius. 

Dahamus Andreapoli, mense lulio, MCMXII. 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 119 



Royal Society of Edinburgh 

To THE Royal Society of London. — The President and Fellows of the 
Royal Society of Edinburgh desire to offer their congratulations to the 
Royal Society of London upon the attainment of the two hundred and 
fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation. Founded for the purpose of ' further 
promoting by the authority of experiments the science of natural things and 
of useful arts', the Royal Society of London has with increasing zeal and 
power continued to fulfil its high calling, and commands in the world of 
scientific endeavour a position peculiarly its own. The Royal Society of 
Edinburgh recalls with pride and satisfaction that since its own foundation in 
1783 there has always existed between the two Societies a close association, 
based not only on community of aim and interests, but in great measure 
also upon community of membership. Scientific men of eminence have served 
on the Councils, and contributed to the publications, of both Societies ; 
and each Society can claim the late Lord Kelvin as one of the most renowned 
of its Presidents. At this time the personal connexion is happily exemplified 
by the fact that the distinguished President of the Royal Society of London 
has been a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh for fully half a century. 
May the important work which the Royal Society of London has achieved 
in the past be continued and extended, during many centuries to come, to 
the furtherance of natural knowledge and the progress of humanity. 

WM. TURNER, President. 

C. G. KNOTT, Secretary. 
July, 1912. 



Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow 

The Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow to the Royal Society of 
London for the Advancement of Natural Knowledge. — We, the Members 
of the Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow, desire to express our gratifica- 
tion at the courteous invitation to take part in celebrating the two hundred 
and fiftieth Anniversary of the foundation of the Royal Society of London, 
and our heartiest congratulations on the uninterrupted and . pre-eminently 
fruitful activity of the Society over a period of such duration. Scientific 
Societies and Learned Bodies of all nations are bound and indebted in many 
ways to the Royal Society ; for leadership in scientific thought, for encour- 
agement of research, and for an unsparing hand in the dissemination of 
knowledge. Since its inception the history of the progress of the Royal 
Society has been largely the history of the advancement of science : the long 



120 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

Roll of its Fellows bears the names of almost all the illustrious men of two 
and a half centuries. Many of these we can recall whose names have adorned 
our own Roll, and we cherish with peculiar satisfaction the recollection that 
the late Lord Kelvin, during wellnigh sixty years, gave liberally of the 
offspring of his great genius to forward the interests of both societies. We 
also recall with pride that on the celebration of the Centenary of our Society 
in 1902 we were honoured by a cordial greeting from the Royal Society — the 
Mother and the Model of all the learned societies in the English-speaking 
world. It is our earnest hope that the Royal Society may long continue, 
with ever fresh ardour and increasing power, to carry on its great work for 
the advancement of knowledge. 

Signed on behalf of the Members of the Royal Philosophical Society of 
Glasgow, this second day of July, Nineteen hundred and tzcelve. 

JOHN GLAISTER, President. 



IRELAND 

University of Dublin (Trinity College) 

SociETATi Regiae Universitas Dublinensis S. p. D. — Societas vestra, viri 
doctissimi, quae rerum naturalium investigatoribus, tamquam sol, in regno 
nostro lucem et calorem praebet, vim beneficam tamdiu et tam efficaciter 
exercet ut vix animo concipere possimus olim, neque multis abhinc annis si 
vitam nationis quis consideret, cam non esse exortam. Sed cum invitatio 
vestra benignissima venerat ut gaudii vestri participes essemus quo quartara 
partem millennii naviter et feliciter peractam celebraturi estis, recordati sumus 
quanta et qualia in brevi spatio animus excelsus, improbi laboris prodigus, 
veritatis amore instinctus efficere possit. Gratis animis agnoscimus nullam 
esse rerum naturae partem quae non manum adiutricem Societatis vestrae 
senserit, sive quis ad extremos mundi fines iverit ut ad Arctoum polum via 
pateret, sive maris altitudines rimatus sit ut quae ibi latitarent plantae atque 
animalia cognoscerentur, sive ad coelum oculorum verterit obtutum ut transi- 
tiones planetarum ibi dispicerentur. Quid ? opere vestro vetus cohors 
febrium plane fugata est et niorborum vis malefica sensim in dies debilitatur : 
denique in omni genere laboris beneficentia vestra munere suo salutari semper 
fungitur. Meminisse iuvat inter auctores Societatis vestrae fuisse Robertum 
Boyle nostratem, multosque Hiberniae filios in Albo Sociorum vestrorum 
inscriptos esse, inter quos praecipuo honore nominandus est unus e Praesidibus 
vestris illustrissimis Gulielmus Thomson, Baro Kelvin, cuius infantia coelum 
hausit Hibernicum. Laeti igitur libentesque vobis gratulationes et grates 
agimus, et delegamus virum doctum e coetu nostro eundemque coetui vestro 
iamdudum adscriptum, paene tam vobis dilectum quam nobis, Iohannem 



CELEBRATION ADDRESSES 121 

JoLY, Scientiae Doctorem, Geologiae I'rofessorem in his aulis, (]ui feriis vestris 
adsit vobisqiie et nostro et suo nomine omnia bona fausta felicia ex animo 
precetur. Valete. 

IVEAGH, Camellarim. 

ANTHONY TRAILL, M.D., Praepositzis CoUegii SS. Trinitatis. 

Duhlinii, in Collegia SS. Trinitatis, mense lulio, A.S. MCMXII. 



Royal Irish Academy, Dublin 

SociETATi Regiae Academia Regia HinERNiCA S. p. D. — Cum iam, viri 
doctissimi, post annos ducentos quinquaginta feliciter peractos Societas 
vestra illustris optimo iure ferias plusquam saeculares habitura sit, laeti 
libentes invitationeni vestram benignam accepimus qua nos quoque in partem 
gaudii vestri vocavistis, utpote qui vobis non solum studiorura et naturae 
similitudine simus consociati sed etiam vinculis quibusdam propriis constricti. 
Nam ad exemplum vestrum saeculo XVIII° fundata est Academia nostra, unde 
utrisque nobis Prid. Kal. Deccmbr. quotannis dies est prae ceteris sollemnis : 
porro Joseph Banks, Eques auratus, Societatis vestrae Praeses in diplomate 
constitutionum nostrarum inter primos sodales nostros nominatus est, et 
Praesides vestri propter coronam tantam illis a vobis collatam inter sodales 
nostros honoris causa merito sunt semper adscripti. Quanta beneficia generi 
humano semper et ubique contuleritis in scientia rerum promovenda, in ignora- 
tione removenda, gratis animis cum toto orbe terrarum agnoscimus ; neque 
immemores sumus nosmet ipsos munificentia vestra esse nuper adiutos cum 
opus niagni laboris suscepimus, scilicet in Hibernia Occidentali rerum natura- 
lium perlustrationem accuratam. -NuUa est sane maior hominibus voluptas 
quam gaudere cum gaudentibus, praecipue cum, sicut vos et nos, multis 
amicitiae necessitudinibus sunt inter se coniuncti. Itaque invitatio vestra 
nobis maximae est laetitiae, et vobis commendamus virum doctum in coetu 
tam vestro quam nostro inscriptum, Iohannem Alexandrum McClelland, 
Scientiae Doctorem, ab Actis Academiae, Professorem Rerum Naturaliuni in 
Collegio Universitatis Dublinensis, qui feriarum vestrarum celebrationi adsit 
et Academiae gratulabundae et vobis grates gratiasque habentis personam 
tam laete quam sincere gerat. Valete. 

J. P. MAHAFFY, Praeses Academiae. 
LOUIS C. PURSER, Ah Actis Concilii Academici. 
Dtihlinii, in domo Academica, a. d. IV. Idus lulias, A. S. MCMXII. 



122 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 



RovAL Dublin Society 

The Royal Dublin Socikty to the Royal Society of London Greeting. — 
The President and Council of the Royal Dublin Society heartily join in 
congratulating the Royal Society of London on the attainment of the two 
hundred and fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation. Great has been the 
progress of science since the Society under Royal auspices undertook the task 
of improving natural knowledge, and the Fellows may well look with pride 
upon the conspicuous part they have taken in winning from Nature her well- 
guarded secrets. We earnestly hope that the Royal Society may continue its 
beneficent labours with increasing success, ever widening the bounds of know- 
ledge and extending man's control over Nature. 

• Given under our Common Seal at Leinster House. Dublin, this first day of 
Augu.9t, 191S. 

HOWARD GRUBB, Vice-President. 



Queen's Univeksity of Belfast 

To THE President and Fellows of the Royal Society of London. — We, 
the Chancellor and Members of the Queen's Univkrsity of Belfast, desire 
to convey our congratulations on the occasion of this your Fifth Jubilee, and, 
with our elders in learning, to acknowledge the blessings which your example 
and generous endeavour have bestowed upon the commonwealth of Science. 
The Virtuosi of Gresham College planned with confidence in their purpose and 
in their successors. Within five years the poefs compliment that your Society 
was ' worthy a history ' found proof in the memorable record of your first 
efforts 'to increase the Powers of all Mankind'. At this remove it is our 
privilege to do honour to a great tradition, and to see in that tradition less 
the pride of accomplishment than the continuing promise of ' ransom to the 
mind of man '. 

Signed in name of the University, on the fifteenth day of July, one thousand 
nine hundred and twelve. 

SHAFTESBURY, Chancellor. 



IL TELEGRAMS AND LETTERS 

I FROM FOREIGN MEMBERS AND OTHER MEN OF 
SCIENCE ABROAD 

Peofessor Emil Fischer, University of Berlin, Foreign Member of the Royal 
Society. — Zuni Jubelfeste beehre ich mich der Royal Society herzlichen 
GlLickwunsch darzubringen. — Emil Fischer, 

Professor Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, For. Memb. R.S., and Professor Van- 
DESANDE Bakhuysen, both of the University of Leyden. — Hearty wishes for 
lasting prosperity and glorious future. — Vandesaxde Bakhuyzen, Lorextz. 

Professor Clement A. Timiriazeff, University of Moscow, For. Memb. R.S. 
— Accept warmest congratulations to the fifth jubilee of the Society's glorious 
career. — Timiriazeff. 

Professor C. Wilhelm Rontgen, University of Munich. — Leider gestattet 
meine Gesundheit nicht nach London zu reisen ; ich bitte der Royal Society 
meinen Dank und die herzlichsten Gluckwlinsche zu iiberbringen. — Wilhelm 
Rontgen. 

Professor Philippe A. Guye, University of Geneva. — Empeche a nion vif 
regret de prendre part au brillant anniversaire Royal Society, je prie son 
President et ses membres d'agreer mes felicitations les plus sinceres et mes 
voeux les plus cordiaux. — Professeur Philippe Guye. 



II. FROM UNIVERSITIES, ACADEMIES, &c. 

University of Graz. — Universifas literaruin Graecensis gratulatur ex animo. 
— Hauke, Rector. 

Bohemian Karl-Ferdinand University of Prague. — Sir, — lam very soiTy 
to be prevented by official duties from personally taking part in the Celebration 
of the 250th Anniversary of the Royal Society. 

I beg to heartily congratulate you and the Royal Society in the name of 
the Bohemian University of Prague, adding my own sincere wishes for 
the continued prosperity of the Royal Society, of which you are the President. 
I remain. Sir, very truly yours, F. Vejdovsky. 

University of Sophia. — University of Sophia congratulates the Society at 
its jubilee and wishes it a still more glorious future in intensive and 
scientific work. — Rector Jurinitch. 

The Prussian Minister of Education, Berlin. — Der Royal Society, die 
wahrend eines Vierteljahrtausends durch ihre beriihmten Mitglieder und 



124 THE ROYAL SOCIETY 

ihre bedeutenden Arbeiten die Wissenschaft hervorragend gefordert hat, 
spreche ich zu ihrer Jubelfeier die herzlichsteii Wiinsche der Preussischen 
Uiiterrichtsverwaltung aus. — Preussischer Kultusminister, Vox Trott zu Solz. 
University of Padua. — Celeberrimae isti Societati Regali natalem suum 
ducentesimum et quinquagesimum omnium cum plausu peragenti Rector 
et Sodales Universitatis Patavinae uno consensu gratulantur, ut omnia 
bene fausteque eveniant auspicantes adprecantes. — Rector, Rossi. 

Universitv of Pisa. — Presidente, Royal Society, London : Dispiacente che 
il Prof. Nasini non possa recarsi costa prego V. S. accogliere nome questo 
Ateneo i voti piii fervidi per la prosperita di cotesta benemerita Associazione. — 
Rettore, Supino. 

Marchese a. de Gregorio, Vice-President of the Sicilian Society of 
Natural Sciences. — In the happy anniversary of the constitution of the Royal 
Society, I have the honour to send to you (who are the honoured President) 
the homages of our Societa Siciliana of Natural Sciences, of which I am the 
Vice-President. I pray you to accept my best regards and believe me, Yours 
very truly, Antonio de Gregorio. 

Bergen Museum. — Bergens Museum, grateful for the Society's important 
contributions to the world's scientific progress during 250 years, sends its hearty 
congratulations to the jubilee with best wishes for the future. — Klaus Hansen, 
Jens Holmboe. 

University of Dorpat. — Universite Jouriew (Dorpat) presente ses f^icita- 
tions et voeux de prosperite. — De la rue Jarotzki. 

Imperial University of Kasan. — Die memorabili quem Societas Regalis 
Londinensis in scientia promoveuda natalem 1912 celebrat Universitas Caesarea 
Casanensis vota ei sincera mittit : floreat, in dies crescat, scientiam ad maiorem 
patriae laudem fortiter promoveat clarissima Societas Regalis. — Pro Rectore 
Universitatis, Tonkoff. 

Russian Central Chamber of Weights and Measures. — The Central 
Chamber of Weights and Measures, founded by the late Foreign Member of 
Royal Society, Mendeleeff, considers it as its duty to congratulate on the 
occasion of the fifth jubilee, and expresses the hope that also in future the 
Royal Society will flourish as highest authority promoting science and human 
prosperity.— Director, Egoroff. 

Universitj- of Chicago. — University Chicago extends Royal Society cordial 
congratulations upon anniversary. Its distinguished membership includes men 
whose achievements are pride of English-speaking race. University expresses 
appreciation of their high accomplishment by sending Professor Frost as 
delegate. — Judson. 

Universii-y of Queensland. — Chancellor, Queensland University, sends 
greetings Royal Society. 



INDEX 



Aberdeen University, Delegate from, 20. 
Adelaide University, Delegate from, 17. 
Africa, South, Delegates from, 18 ; Address 

from Royal Society of South Africa, 87. 
Agram University, Address from, 32. 
Aligarh, Delegate from, 18. 
Allaliahad University, Delegate from, 18. 
American Academy, Boston, Delegate from, 

17 ; Address from, 77. 

American Mathematical Society, New York, 
Delegate from, 17 ; 
„ National Academy (Washington), 

Address from, 79. 
„ Philosophical Society, Phila- 
delphia, Delegate from, 17 ; 
Address from, 78. 
Amsterdam, Delegates from, 15 ; Address 
from University, 54 ; Address from Royal 
Academy of Sciences, 57. 
Antiquaries, Delegate from Society of, 19 ; 

Address from, 96. 
Ashmolean Society of Oxfordshire, Delegate 

from, 20 ; Address from, 115. 
Asiatic Society of Bengal, Delegate from, 

18 ; Address from, 86. 
Athens, Delegate from, 14. 

Australia, Delegates fi-om, 17 ; Addresses 

from, 81, 82. 
Austria-Hungary, Delegates from, 13. 

B. 

Bakhuysen, Professor, Telegram from, 128. 
Belfast, Queen's University of. Delegate 

from, 21 ; Address from, 122. 
Belgium, Delegates from, 13 ; Addresses 

from, 36. 
Bergen Museum, Telegram from, 124. 
Berlin, Delegates from, 14 ; Address from 

the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, 

49 ; Telegram from the Prussian Minister 

of Education, 123. 
Berne, Delegate from, IG ; Address from 

University, 66 ; Address from Helvetique 

Society of Natural Sciences, 68. 
Birmingham University, Delegate from, 18 ; 

Address from, 90. 
Bologna, Delegate from, 14 ; Address from 

University, 52. 
Bombay University, Delegate from, 18 ; 

Address from, 84. 
Bordeaux, Delegates from, 13; Address from 

University, 4.5 ; Address from National 

Academy, 45. 
Boston, Delegate from, 17 ; Address from 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 

77. 



Breslau, Delegate from, 14. 

Bristol University, Delegate from, 18 ; 
Address from, 90. 

Britisli Academy, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 96. 

British Association, Delegate from, 20 ; 
Address from, 113. 

British Isles, Delegates from Institutions 
in, 18-21. 

British Museum, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 97. 

Brussels, Delegate from, 13 ; Address from 
Royal Academy of Sciences of, 37. 

Budapest, Delegate from, 13 ; Address from 
Royal Hungarian University of, 36. 

Burlington House, 3, 4, 22. 

C. 

Cairo, Delegate from, 16. 

Calcutta, Delegates from, 18 ; Address from 
University, 85 ; Address from Asiatic 
Society of Bengal, 86. 

California, Delegates from, 16, 17. 

Cambridge, Delegates from, 18, 20. 

Cambridge Philosophical Society, Delegate 
from, 20 ; Address from, 114. 

Cambridge University, Honorary Degrees 
conferred by, on some distinguished 
Delegates, 27-30 ; Address from, to Royal 
Society, 88. 

Canada, Delegates from, 17 ; Addresses 
from, 83. 

Cape of Good Hope University, Delegate 
from, 18. 

Chemical Industry, Delegate from Society 
of, 20 ; Address from, 115. 

Chemical Society, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 98. 

Chemistry, Delegate from Institute of, 19 ; 
Address from, 101. 

Chicago University, Delegate from, 16 ; 
Telegram from, 124. 

Christiania, Delegates from, 15 ; Address 
from Royal University, 58 ; Address from 
Academy of Sciences, 59. 

Clark University, Worcester, U.S.A., Dele- 
gate from, 16 ; Address from, 72. 

Clermont-Ferrand, Delegate from, 13 ; Ad- 
dress from University, 46. 

Columbia University, Delegate from, 16 ; 
Address from, 73. 

Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
Delegate from, 17 ; Address from, 77. 

Conversazione given by Royal Society, 
22. 

Copenhagen, Delegates from, 13 ; Address 
from University, 38 ; Address from Royal 
Danish Society of Science, 39. 



126 



INDEX 



Cornell University, Delegate from, IG ; 

Address from, 74. 
Cracow, Delegate from, 13 ; Address from 

Academy of Sciences, 33. 

D. 

Denmark, Delegates from, 13. 

Dorpat, Delegate from, 15 ; Telegram from 

University, 124. 
Dublin, Delegates from, 21 ; Address from 

University, 120 ; Address from Royal 

Irish Academy, 121. 
Durham University, Delegate from, 18 ; 

Address from, 91. 

E. 

Edinburgh, Delegates from, 20 ; Address 
from the University, 117 ; Address from 
Royal Society of, 119. 
Egypt, Delegates from, 16. 
Engineers, Delegate from Institution of 
Civil, 19. 
„ Delegate from Institution of 

Electrical, 19 ; Address from, 
102. 
„ Delegate from Institution of 

Mechanical, 19. 
Entomological Society, Delegate from, 19 ; 

Address from, 98. 
Erlangen, Delegate from, 14. 

F. 
Finland, Delegates from, 16 ; Addresses 

from, 62-4. 
Fischer, Emil, Telegram from, 123. 
Florence, Delegate from, 14. 
France, Delegates from, 13 ; Addresses 

from, 40-5. 
Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Delegate 

from, 17 ; Address from, 78. 
Freiburg im Breisgau, Delegate from, 14. 

G. 
Garden Party at Windsor and reception of 

the Council of the Royal Society and 

Delegates by their Majesties the King 

and Queen, 23. 
Gene\a, Delegate from, 16 ; Address from 

University, 67. 
Geological Society, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 100. 
Geological Survey of Great Britain, Delegate 

from, 19 ; Address from, 100. 
Germany, Delegates from, 14 ; Combined 

Address from Universities of, on bronze 

Tablet, 48. 
Giessen, Delegate from, 14. 
Glasgow, Delegates from, 20 ; Address from 

University, 118 ; Address from Royal 

Philosophical Society, 119. 
Gottiugen, Delegates from, 14 ; Address 

from Royal Society of Sciences, 49. 
Graz University, Telegram from, 123. 
Greece, Delegate from, 14. 



(ireifswald. Delegate from, 14. 
Grouingen, Delegate from, 15 ; Address 

from University of, 54. 
Guildhall, Dinner in, 3, 21. 
Guye, Professor, Telegram from, 123. 

H. 
Haarlem, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 

Dutch Society of Sciences, 57. 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Delegate from Insti- 
tute of Science, 18 ; Address from, 84. 
Halle, Delegate from, 14. 
Hamburg, Address from Natural Science 

Union of, 51. 
Harvard University, Delegate from, 16 ; 

Address from, 74. 
Heidelberg, Delegate from, 14. 
Helsingfors, Delegates from, 15 ; Address 

from University of Finland, 62 ; Address 

from Finnish Society of Sciences, 63. 
Hobart, Address from Royal Society of 

Tasmania, 81. 

I. 
India, Delegates from, 18 ; Addres.ses from, 

84-7. 
Indian Institute of Science, Delegate from, 

18 ; Address from, 87. 
Ireland, Delegates from, 21 ; Addresses 

from, 120-2. 
Iron and Steel Institute, Delegate from, 19 ; 

Address from, 103. 
Italy, Delegates from, 14, 15 ; Addresses 

from, 51-3. 

J. 
Japan, Delegates from, 16 ; Addresses from, 

70-2. 
Johns Hopkins University, Delegate from, 

16 ; Address from, 75. 

K. 

Kasan University, Telegram from, 124. 
Khartoum, Delegate from, 16. 
Kingston, Ontario, Delegate from, 17. 
Konigsberg, Delegate from, 14. 
Kyoto, Delegate from, 16; Address from 
Imperial University, 71. 

L. 

Lausanne, Address from University of, 68. 

Leeds University, Delegate from, 18; Ad- 
dress from, 92. 

Leipzig, Delegates from, 14. 

Leland-Stanford University, Delegate from, 
16. 

Lemberg University, Address from, 34. 

Leyden, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 
University, 55. 

Lille, Delegate from, 13. 

Linnean Society, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 103. 

Lisbon, Delegate from, 15. 

Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, 
Delegate from, 19 ; Address from, 103. 



INDEX 



127 



Liverpool University, Delegate from, I'J. 
London, Delegates from Institutions in, 

18-20. 
London University, Address from, 89. 
Lorentz, Professor, Telegram from, 123. 
Louvain, Delegate from, 13 ; Address from 

University, 36. 
Lund, Delegates from, IG; Address from 

University, 64. 

M. 

McGill University, Montreal, Delegate from, 
17; Address from, 83. 

Madras University, Delegate from, 18 ; Ad- 
dress from, 8(). 

Madrid, Delegate from, 15. 

Mancliester, Delegates from, 19, 20 ; Ad- 
dress from University, 93 ; Address from 
Literary and Philosophical Society, 114. 

Manitoba University, Delegate from, 18. 

Marburg, Delegate from, 14. 

Mathematical Society, Delegate from, 19; 
Address from, 104. 

Melijourne, Delegates from, 17 ; Address 
from Royal Society of Victoria, 82. 

Mercers' Company, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 104. 

Mexico, Delegate from, 17. 

Michigan University, Delegate from, 16 ; 
Address from, 75. 

Milan, Delegate from, 14. 

Mineralogical Society, Delegate from, 19 ; 
Address from, 105. 

Minnesota University, Delegate from, 16. 

Monaco, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 
Oceanographical Institute, 5.3. 

Moscow, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 
University, 60 ; Address from Imperial 
Society of Naturalists, 62. 

Munich, Delegates from, 14 ; Address from 
Uoyal Bavarian Academy of Sciences, 50. 

Miiuster, Delegate from, 14. 

N. 

Nancy, Delegate from, 13; Address from 

University, 40. 
Naples, Delegates from, 15. 
Natal University College, Delegate from, 18. 
National Academy, Washington, Delegates 

from, 17. 
National Physical Laboratory, Delegate 

from, 20. 
Netherlands, Delegates from, IS ; Addresses 

from, 54-8. 

New Brunswick University, Delegate from, 18. 

New Soutli \Vales, Delegate from, 17 ; Ad- 
dress from, 81. 

New York, Delegates from, 16, 17; Ad- 
dress from, 73. 

Norway, Delegates from, 15; Addresses 
from, 58. 

Nova Scotia, Delegates from, 18 ; Address 
from, 84. 



O. 

Odessa University, Address from, 61. 

Ordnance Survey, Delegate from, 20. 

Ottawa, Delegates from, 18. 

Oxford University, Delegates from, 18; 
Honorary Degrees conferred by, on dis- 
tinguished Delegates, 24-6; Address 
from, to Royal Society, 88. 

P. 

Padua University, Telegram from, 124. 

I'alermo, Address from University of, 52. 

Paris, Delegates from, 13; Address from 
University of, 40; Address from Academy 
of Sciences of, 42 ; Address from Observa- 
tory of, 44 ; Address from French Society 
of Physics, 45 ; Address from Botanical 
Society of France, 46. 

Pennsylvania, Delegate from, 16 ; Addresses 
from, 7G-8. 

Pharmaceutical Society, Delegate from, 19 ; 
Address from, 105. 

Philadelphia, Delegates from, 10 ; Address 
from University, 70. 

Physical Society, Delegate from, 19 ; Ad- 
dress from, 100. 

Pisa Uni\'ersity, Telegram from, 124. 

Portugal, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 
University of, 34. 

Pr^ue, Delegate from, 13 ; Telegram from 
Bohemian Karl Ferdinand Univensity, 

I'rinceton University, Delegate from, 16; 
Address from, 70. 

Q. 

Queensland University, Telegram from, 124. 

R. 

Rome, Delegates from, 14; Address from 

University, 61 ; Address from Academy 

of the Lincei, 53. 
Riinlgen, Professor, Telegram from, 123. 
Rostock, Delegate from, 14. 
Rotterdam, Delegate from, 15 ; Address 

from Batavian Society of Experimental 

Philosophy, 58. 
Royal Academy of Arts, Delegate from, 19. 
Royal Agricultural Society, Delegate from, 

Royal Antliropological Institute, Delegate 

from, 19 ; Address from, 106. 
Royal Army Medical College, Delegate 

from, 19. 
Royal Astronomical Society, Delegate from, 

19 ; Address from, 107. 
Royal College of Physicians, Delegate from, 

19 ; Address from, 95. 
Royal College of Surgeons, Delegate from, 

19 ; Address from, 95. 
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, Dele- 

gate from, 20. 



128 



INDEX 



Royal Dublin Society, Delegate from, 21 ; 

Address from, 122. 
Royal Geofcraphical Society, Delegate from, 

20 ; Address from, lOii. 
Royal Horticultural Society, Delegate from, 

20. 
Royal Institute of British Architects, Dele- 
gate from, 20. 
Royal Institution of Creat Britain, Dele- 
gate from, 20 ; Address from, 109. 
Royal Irish Academy, Delegate from, 21 ; 

Address from, 121. 
Royal Meteorological Society, Delegate 

from, 20 ; Address from, 109. 
Royal Microscopical Society, Delegate from, 

20 ; Address from, 109. 
Royal (>l)servatory, Greenwich, Delegate 

from, 20. 
Royal Society, Address by President of, 8. 
„ ,, Charter of, 1, 2. 

J, „ Diary of Anniversary Cele- 

bration of, 3. 
„ „ Invitation issued by, 2. 

„ „ List of Delegates to, 13. 

„ ,, Record of, 1, 2. 

Royal Society Club, Dinner to Delegates 

given by, 23. 
Royal Society of Arts, Delegate from, 20 ; 

Address from, 110. 
Royal Society of Medicine, Delegate from, 

20 ; Address from. 111. 
Royal Statistical Society, Delegate from, 20 ; 

Address from, 112. 
Royal United Service Institution, Delegate 

from, 20. 
Russia, Delegates from, 1.5; Addresses 

from, 59-62. 
Russian Central Chamber of Weights and 
Measures, Telegram from, 124. 



S. 

St. Andrews University, Delegate from, 20 ; 
Address from, 117. 

St. Petersburg, Delegates from, 15 ; Ad- 
dress from Imperial Academy of Sciences, 
59. 

San Francisco, Delegate from, 17. 

Scotland, Delegates from, 20 ; Addresses 
from, 117-20. 

Sheffield University, Delegate from, 19 ; 
Address from, 9-4. 

Sicilian Society of Natural Sciences, Letter 
from President of, 124. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, Dele- 
gate from, 17 ; Address from, 80. 

Sophia University, Telegram from, 123. 

Spain, Delegate from, 16. 

Stockholm, Delegates from, 16; Address 
from University, 64 ; Address from Royal 
Swedish Academy of Sciences, 65. 

Strasburg, Delegate from, 14. 



Sweden, Delegates from, 16; Addresses 
from, 64-6. 

Svvitze ^'.and, Delegates from, 16 ; Addresses 
from, 66-70. 

Sydney University, Delegate from, 17 ; Ad- 
dress from, 81. 

Syon House, Garden Party at, given by the 
Duke and Duchess of Northumberland, 
22. 

T. 

Tasmania, Delegate from, 17 ; Address 

from, 81. 
Timiriazeff, Professor, Telegram from, 123. 
Tokyo, Delegate from, 16 ; Address from 

Imperial University, 70. 
Toronto University, Delegate from, 17 ; 

Address from, 83. 
Toulouse, Delegate from, 13. 
Turin, Delegate from, 15. 

U. 

United States of America, Delegates from, 

10, 17 ; Addresses from, 72-80. 
United States, Coast aud Geodetic Survey, 

Address from, 80. 
Upsala, Delegate from, 16; Address from 

University, 65. 
Utrecht, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 

University, 56. 

V. 

Victoria, Delegates from, 17. 
Vienna, Address from Imperial Academy 
of, 31. 

W. 

Wales, Univernty of. Delegate from, 19 ; 

Address from, 94. 
Warsaw, Delegate from, 15 ; Address from 

University, 61. 
Washington, Delegates from, 17. 

„ Address from Carnegie Insti- 

tution, 79. 
„ Address from National Acad- 

emy of Sciences, 79. 
„ Address from Smithsonian 

Institution, 80. 
,, Address from A\'ashington 

Academy of Sciences, 80. 
Westminster Abbey, 3, 5, 22. 

„ „ Dean of. Address by, 5. 

Windsor, Garden Party at, 3, 23. 
Wisconsin University, Delegate from, 17 ; 
Address from, 77. 

Y. 
Yale University, Delegate from, 17. 

Z. 

Zoological Society, Delegate from, 20 ; Ad- 
dress from, 11 3. 

Ziirich, Delegate from, 16 ; Address from 
Federal Technical High School, 69. 



Z4^5