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Full text of "The Celtic monthly : a magazine for Highlanders"

\i>,i(M. 




The Ven. Archdeacon W. M SINCLAIR, D.D., 

St. rant's CVl'Act.'cd/, Lmdim. 



THE 



Celtic /Ibontblp: 

H flDaoasine for *ff3ioblanbcv8. 



EDITED BY 



V O La. II 



GLASGOW: ARCHIBALD SINCLAIR, Celtic Press, 10 Bothwell Strebt, 
HENRY WHYTE, JOHN MENZIES .t CO., and WILLIAM LOVE, 

EDINBURGH : NORMAN MACLEOD, and JOHN GRANT. 

INVERNESS: WILLIAM MACKAY. PORTREE: J. G. MACKAY. 

OBAN: THOMAS BOYD, and HUGH MACDONALD. 

1894. 



COJSiTEJSlTS. 



1^- 



I'AOE. PAOI. 

A Brave Highland Girl, by Mrs. D. Glenfinnan (illustrated), - - - - 17 

Maclean, -...-. 208 Glenorchy's Widow : A Legend of Loch Awe 

A Highland Candidate for the School Board, 134 (illustrated), by the Editor, - - - 3, 22 

A Highland Club, ... - 114,143 

A Mackay-Land in London Town, by John Highland Assopiations, Clubs, Etc. 

Murdoch, - - . . - - 34 .\irilrie Highland Association, 80, 144, 104, 

A .Minor Pout, by K. S. Cameron, - - 227 An Coniunn Gaidhealach, - - 10, 11, 

A Shinty .Match in Sutherland (illustrated), Argyllshire Association (London), 

by Hobina Findlater, - - - - lti7 Caithness Association (Glasgow), - 

A Song of Clanranald, by " Fionn," - • H Cowal Society (Glasgow), • - - 37, 

.■\ Talented Caithness Lady, by Hugh Camp- Edinburgh Caledonian Pipers' Club, - 104, 

bell, - - • ' - - - - 38 Edinburgh Camanachd Club, 

Abstract of Ossian's Covalla, by Lieut. -Col. Gaelic Musical Association, . - - . 

Charles Stewart, - - - 97, 129, 181 Gaelic Society of Glasgow, - - - 124, 

Answers to Correspondents, - - 92, 173 Gaelic Society of Inverness, 37, 201, 234, 

Gaelic Society of London, - - . 122, 

" Baileach," 143 Gaelic Society of Perth, - - - . 144, 

Bayonets at CuUoden, ----- 104 Glasgow Celtic Society, - . - . . 

Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club, 2. 37, 40, CO, 
Camanachd Notes, 2, 40, 45, CO, 78, 158, 174 103, 144, 204, 

Chips from Cape Wrath, - - - 82, 98 Govan Highland Association, - • - 80, 

Clan SotiETif;s : — Islay Association (Glasgow), - . - . 

Clan Campbell, ----- 80, 191 Kintyre Association (Glasgow), - - 37, 

Clan Chattan, - - - ■ - 124 Lewis and Harris Associalioa (Glasgow), 

Clan Colquhoun, ----- CI, 89 London Northern Counties Camanachd Club, 

Clan Donnachaidh, - - - - 164, 183 40, 103, 198, 

Clan Ferguson, - . . - - 35, i;i7 Mull and lona A.ssociation (Glasgow), - 37, 

Clan Grant, ------- 37 New York Celtic Society, - - - CO, 

Clan Gregor, C5, 85, 93, 104, 124, 125, Paisley Gaelic Club, - . _ . - 

129, 144, 178, 179, 213 Shinty Association, 

Chin Mackay, 7, 14, CO, 71, 94, 102, 104, Skye Association (Glasgow), ... - 

124, 134, 1.37, 138, 144, 157, 1C4, 194, St. Columba GaeHc Choir (Glasgow), 

201, 210, 213, 219 Sutherland Association (Edinburgh), 37, 137, 

Clan Mackenzie, ------ 107 Sutherland Association (Glasgow), - - 37, 

Clan Mackinnon, 99, 124, 150, 1C4, 174, Uist and Barra Association (Glasgow;, - 

179, 182, 180, 221, 244 

Clan MacLean, 10, 31, 80, 124, 144, 173, 209 Highland Ancestry of Dr. David Livingstone, 
Clan MacLeod, ----- 37, 183 by Rev. A. Maclean Sinclair, - - 121, 

Clan MacMillan, 37,81,140,103,109,184,185 Highland Charity Funerals, . - - - 

Clan Menzies, ----- 37, 191 " Higiilaiid Honours," - . - . 10, 

Highland Places worth visiting (illustrated) 17, 

Descendants of Allan Cameron, - - 180, 227 Highland Registry, - - - 154, 174, 

Donald MacLeod, the Soldier, by A. B. Highland Wit and Humour (illustrated), by 

M'Lennan, - 43 " Fionn," - ■ - Ul, 158, IBO, 

Donnachadh odhar nan creach's encounter Highlanders in the Archer Guard of France, by 

with the men of Assynt, (illustrated) by .lames Ferguson, .... ]'ji)^ 

(ieorge Morrison, ----- 2112 lliglilunders to the Front ! - ■ ■ - 

Dunaverty and its traditions (illustr.atcd) by History of the Clan Mackenzie, 

J. Hamilton Mitchell, - - - 221, 231 

Expulsion of the Norsemen from Sutherland Iain Lom (.MacDonell), by W. Drummond 

(illustrated), by John Mackay, C.E., J. P., Norie, ---..-. 

54, 73 

Famous Highland Bards, by W. Dnunmond John Mackay (Hereford) Prize of £10. - 78, 192 

Norie, 190, 240 

Fres wick Castle, Caithness, • - - 104, 113 Lachlan MacLean, Coll (illustrated), by "Fionn," 109 

Lament for Rory Mor MacLeod, 162C (illus- 
Gaelic Airs to Lowland Songs (with music), by Iruted), by " Fionn," - . . . 5] 

Malcolm MacFarlane, 03, 88, 118, 1.39, Letters to the Editor, ^2, 38, 98, 122, 143, 

100, 100, 211 .403,-- J82 



183 

184 

1C9 

97 

184 

204 

40 

84 

137 

244 

144 

104 

107 

234 
144 
107 
205 
137 

230 
144 
159 
144 
40 
164 
191 
184 
14-1 
124 



104 
39 
30 
27 

191 

212 

220 

99 

183 



190 



CONTENTS. 



Paoe. 
Litir as a' Cheardaich, le Gobha-nan-diian, - '■^2 
Lord Reay and the Cuttie Stool, by Captain W. 

Morrison, - ■ - - • • lf!!2 



Maclndoe, ------ 

MacMillan Hunting Tartan, - 
MacNicols of Glenorchy, - - - 

Muster Roll of the Reay Fencibles,171t5, by D 
Murray Rose, - - - - - 



214 

98 

82 



News of the Month, .'■.7, GO, 80, 81, 104, 

124, 144, 1G4, 183, 101 
Notes and Querie-s 14, ."(I, 58, 82, 104, 113, 

137, 181, 18G, 209, 234, 237 
Obituary ; — 

Murdo MacLeod, Stornoway, and Murdo Mac- 
Leod, Edinburgh, ----- 40 
Dr. Rod. MacDonald, Ex-M.P., ■ - - 137 

Our Canadian Letter, by Sgian Dubh, • • 239 
Prize Competitions, - - - - 10, .59 

Reviews, 20, 39, GO, G4, 81, 1G2, 183, 201, 

243, 244 
"Rob Donn" Macaoidh, (ilhistrated), by W. 

Drunimond Norie, . - - - - 240 

" Second-Sight" in Scotland, - - - - 39 
Sgeul no dh;\ niu Dhonnachadh Ban, by Duncan 

Maclsaac, - - . - - - 222 
Shields in the Scottish Oaelic Kingdom (illus- 
trated) by Lieut.-Col. Charles Stewart, - 12 
Shotty Doolt's I ourtship, by Reid Tail, 62, 8G, 108 
State of Caithness from 1780 to 17G0, and the 

Sheriff, by G. M- Sutherland, - - 33, 57 

Stornoway (illustrated), K. J. MacLeod, - - 27 

Strength of the Sutherlandshire Clans, - - 3G 

Strength of till' Caithness ('lans, - ■ - GO 
Strength of the Clans of the Island of Lewis, by 

T. D. MacDonald, - - - - 81 

Sutherland Bursaries, ----- 37 

T. D. MacDonald, London, . - - - 234 
Testimonial to Henry Whyte, (Fionn), 94, 

114, 134, 154, 1G2 
Tongue and its Historic Surroundings (illus- 
trated), by John Mackay, C.E., J.P., 05, 

115, 130, 1.55, 170 
The Chieftainship of the Clan Mackinnon, 182, 

186, 221, 244 
The Clan Cameron, by .John Cameron, J. P., - 183 
The Clan Eraser, - - - - - - 113 

The Karldora of Ross (illustrated), by D. 

Murray Kose, ----- 75, 100 
•' The Karb of Old Caul," by MacRuaghrigh, - 38 
The Gilehrists or MacGilchrists, - - -82 
The Headless Spectre (illustrated), by the 

Editor, 126, 14G 

The Highland Brigade at Waterloo (illustrated), 

by John Mackay, J. P., - - - 216,228 
The Highland Emporium, ■ - - 174, 194 
The Influence of Gaelic Music on Lowland Song 

(with music), by Malcolm MacFarlane, - 18 
The Last MacDonalds of Isla (illustrated), by C. 

Fraser-lVIackinlosh, F.S A , Scot., 46, 66, 

90, 111, 135, 151, 175, 187, 195, 206, 235 
The London " Globe " on the Gaelic Revival, - 30 
The MacCrindles, --..-. 14 



Page. 
The MacLures, . - . - - 104 

The Macl'hail Bursaries, - - - - 201 

The ]SlacRitchies, etc., • • - - - '^f; 
The Morrisons, ----- 82, 113 
The Re.ay Fencibles (illustrated), 82, 119, 143, 163 

Uriiisg Choire-nan-nuallan, by J. MacEadyen, 56, 77 
Urquhart and Glen Moriston, by \Vm. Mackay, 

F.S. A., Scot., ----- 64, lii2 

" Where Gaelic is spoken," - ... 50 

POETRY. 
AKiss of the King's Hand, by Sarah Robertson 

Matheson, • - - ■ - - 163 

Ag amharc air ais, by N. MacLeod, - ■ 168 
Aingeal an dochais, by Neil Ross, ■ - -24 

Am Fraooh, by John MacFadyen, - - - 15 

Buadhan an Uisge-bheatha, by A. MacRae, ■ 32 
Ceud fililte do m' Dhntchaich, le Iain Mao- 

Ghriogair, - - - - • - 123 

Clansmen, dear to one another, by D. MacLean, 44 
Curaha do dh' fhear Lonndabhra (translation), 

by the late Mrs. Mary Mackellar, - - 50 

Do nineag oig, le Liin Caimbeul anns an Leideig, 2 

Dunrobin ; A Reminiscence, by John Hogben, 179 
King Robert the Bruce in Kintyre (illustrated), 

by the Duke of Argyll, K.T., - - - 5 
My love's asleep, by Rita Richmond, - - 143 
Seann Oran, by \. Maclsaac, - - - . 237 
" Second to None," — the Scots Greys (illus- 
trated), by Alice C. MacDonell, - - 142 
The Celtic awakening, by Neil MacDonald, - 26 
The Raid of Loch Carron (illustrated), by A. 

MacDonald, ..... 49. 70 
The Sea-bird and the Storm, by the late Mrs. 

Mary Mackellar, ----- 24 

To my Highland Home, by K. W. G., - - 38 

PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES. 

Allan Cameron of Lundavra (with plate), by the 

Editor, 21 

Sir Charles A. Cameron (with plate), by John 

Cameron, J.P., ------ 225 

Duncan Campbell, by Donald Nicolson, ■ 53 

Sir James Colquhoun, Bart., (with plate), by 

H. Colquhoun-Hamilton, M.A., ■ ■ 61 
David Reid Crow, F-R.C. I. (with plate), by 

Neil MacMillan, ----- 145 
R. Fergusson, Stirling, by R. M. Fergusson.M.A., 35 
William Graham of North Erines (with plate), 

by the Editor, 20.5 

Thomas Greer, J. P., F.R.G.S. (with plate), by 

A. G. Murray MacGregor, - - - 221 
Daniel William Kemp (with plate), by Donald 

MacLeod, M.A., 103 

Hugh MacCorquodale, Glasgow, by D. Morrison, 103 
Dr. R. C. MacDiarmid, Glasgow, by J. M. 

Campbell, 69 

Alexander MacDonald, Govan (with plate), by 

A. F. Carmichael, 41 

D. T. MacDonald, J.P., Calumet, U.S.A., by 

"Fionn," 25 

Donald MacDonald, New York, by Alexander 

Eraser, 159 

Dr. K. N. MacDonald, Skye (with plate), by 

"Fionn," - 109 



CONTENTS. 



John MacFadycn, Glasgow, by Archd. Sinclair, 
Amelia G. Murray MacGrcgor, Dunkeld, by 

Alexander M'Grigor, . . - - 

A. Stewart MacKregor, Christiania, by Alex- 
ander MacGregor, - - . - . 
AthoU MacGregor, Dunkeld (with plate), by 

Alexander M'Grigor, . . . - 

Surgeoii-Major John MacGregor, M.D., India 

(with plate), by Rev. Nigel MacNeill, 
Sir Malcolm MacGregor of MacGregor, Bart. 

(with plate), ...... 

A. B. MacGregor, LL.D., Glasgow, by the 

Editor, 

Ali^xander M'Grigor, by Alexander MacGregor, 
Alexander Mackellar, Glasgow, by Robert 

Murray, .------ 

Major A. Y. Mackay, Grangemouth, by Rev. S. 

M. Riddick, 

George Mackay, Perth (with plate), by A. K. 

Mackay, 

George J. Mackay, J.P., Kendal (with plate), by 

the Editor, 

Captain James Mackay, F.S.A. (with plate), by 

Adam Mackay, 

J. Lindsay Mackay, M.A., LL.B.. Glasgow, by 

Charles Mackay, . - - - - 
Dr. W. Murray Mackay, North Shields, by the 

Editor, ------- 

Alexander Kendall MacKinnon, London (with 

plate), ....--- 
Rev. Donald H. O. D. MacKinnon, M.A., 

F.R.G.S., by Dimoan MacKinnon, - 
Lieut. -Colonel Lionel D. MacKinnon, of Doch- 

garroch, by D- MacKinnon, 
Jessie N. Maclachlan, Glasgow, 
Duncan MacLean, Manchester, by Thomas 

Smith. .----.- 



Paok. 
15 



178 

213 

85 

125 

129 

93 

45 
138 
201 
219 
210 
7 

71 

179 

150 

99 
11 



Archibald MacMillan, Glasgow, by Archibald 

MaoMillan, 140, 184 

John MacMillan, J.P. (with plate), bv Archibald 

MacMillan, .--■.-- 185 
Neil MacMillan, London, - . - . 169 

W. A. Martin, London, by T. D. MacDonald, - 230 
George Munro, Bolton (with plate), by John 

Munro, ------- 189 

T. H. Murray, London, - • - • • 169 
Donald N. Nicol, of Ardraarnock (with plate), 

by James MacKellar, .... 166 
Lord and Lady Reay (with plate), bv John 

Mackay, - - - - " - 106, 107 

Andrew Key Sandison (with plate), bv Neil 

MacMillan, - - - - "■ - 239 
George Duncan Shearar, Airdrie, by L. Grant, 238 
The Yen. William MacDonald Sinclair, U.D., 

London (with plate), by J. T. C, - - 1 
Colonel C. Stewart, " Tigh 'u duin," (wilh plate), 161 
W. M. Stoddard, London, by John MacGregor, 19S 

OUR MUSICAL COLUMN. 

Gaelic Songs with Music and Translations. 

Ailean Muideartach, translation by M. MacKarlane, 9 

Cagaran Gaolach, translation by M. MacF'arlane, 133 

Caite 'n caidil an ribhinn, translation liy " Kionn," 173 
Cumha Ruairidh Mhoir, translation by "Fionn," 53 

Failte dhuit, slainte dhuit, by John MacFadyen, 149 

Maraichc nan tonn, translation by "Fionn," - 243 
Marbhrann Chloinn Ruspainn, translation by 

Miss Seobie, - 215 

Mo Dhachaidh, translation hy Alex. Stewart, • 29 
Na Gaidhcal an guaillibh a cheile (Prize Song), 

by Malcolm MacKarlane, - - - 192 
'S fhe'iular dhomh 'bhi togail orm, translation 

bv M. MacFarlane, - ■ ■ - 70 



(DEDICATION.) 



T.. JOHN MACKAY. C.K.. J.R. 
of Hereford, 

OnK of TIIK noblest of SUTIIKHI.ANU'S SoNS. 

A.S an acknowledgment of hi.s life-long serxicc in tlu' cause of liis fellow 
countrymen, hi.s practical .sympathy with e\ery uinvcnient intended to 
improve the .social condition of the people of his native county, and \\w 
intense love for, and generous support of, the literature of the Gael, 
this volume is respectfully dedicated by liis clansman, 

TIIK ED IT OK. 



im.l I'uliliBluT, Ucliir I'll--, 1" HotlTvvi-ll street, Glaasow. 



/v 



Ip^ 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

k MAGAZINE Foil HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 1. Vol. II] 



OOTOBER, 1893. 



[Price Threepence. 




THE VEN. WM. MACDONALD SINCLAIR, 
D.D., ARCHDEACON OF LONDON. 

.tt^SiF no account of the Colosseum at Rome 
'MJi be complete without the (quotation — 
1^' " Butchered to make a Roman holiday," 
certainly no account of the subject of our 
present' sketch is possible without a reference 
to " the lordly line of high St. Clair," which for 
ordinary readers has stamped the record of the 
Sinclair family on the page of Scottish history. 
A distinguished ancestry is not only a proud 
possession in itself, but it is also a splendid 
spur to individual eftbrt, and surely no public 
man has a more inspiring record in this respect 
than the Archdeacon of London. According 
to the historian of the Clan Sinclair, the family 
of lie Saacfo Clara not only "came across with 
William the Conqueror, you know," but was 
intimately connected, both by blood relation- 
ship and by marriage, with the Conqueror 
himself. From the fourth Earl of Caithness 
the Sinclairs of I'llister are descended, the 
the most distinguished and best known of the 
name being Sir .John Sinclair, Bart, of Ulljster, 
the grandfather of the present Archdeaei m of 
London. A himdred years ago Sii- John seems 
to have pervaded every dei^artment of public 
life with the genius of his original brain and 
imtiriug energy. The best known of his many 
achievements are the " Statistical Aceomit of 
Scotland," a work of colossal proportions and 
the highest importance, and the institution of 
the Board of Agriculture. Besides these, how- 
ever, he raised Highland regiments for the 
defence of his country (see our recent numbers 
for an account of these from the pen of Arch- 
deacon Sinclair), he generously supported the 
Highland and Gaelic Societies both of London 
and Scotland, defended '• Ossian " Macphersou, 
wrote voluminously on all sorts of subjects, and 
conducted a corresjiondence with most of the 
eminent men in Eiu'ope. His third son, 



William, rector of Pulborough and prebend- 
ary of Chichester Cathedral, was the father of 
oiir Archdeacon. Besides his paternal an- 
cestry, the Archdeacon has another dis- 
tinguished line through his grandmother, the 
Hi in. Diana, daughter of Lord Macdonald of 
the Isles. 

Inheriting the handsome features, gi-eat 
stature and muscular frame of his historic 
race, the Archdeacon is every inch a man. 
Born in 18.50, at Leeds, he received the 
first elements of his education at INIalvern 
Wells, and later at the great Public School of 
Eeptou, from which he passed to Balhol Col- 
lege, Oxford. There he had a distinguished 
career, being elected to the high honour of 
President of the Union in 1872, a position 
occupied by his father before him. Ordained 
in 1874, he'was resident chaplain to the Bishop 
of London from 1877 to 1880. For the follow- 
ing ten years he laboured hard as Vicar of St. 
Stephens, Westminster, and did noble work 
among the poor in that poor neighbourhood. 
In 1889 he was appointed Hon. Chaplain to 
the Queen, and later Archdeacon of London 
and Canon of St. Paul's. Not two out of every 
twenty Enghshmen can tell what are the duties 
of an Archdeacon, and therefore it may be 
necessary to explain in a Celtic magazine that 
an archdeacon is a sort of sul)-bishop, or, as Dr 
Sinclair aptly calls it, "a bishojii's ntde-de-cainp," 
having direct oversight of every church and par- 
ish in the Diocese. Dr. Sinclair's hfe is one of 
incessant and exhausting labom-, and the ever- 
varying character of his engagements taxes 
even his herculean strength. We have known 
him travel 200 miles back to Loudon before 
11 A.M., read through his hea%7 correspondence 
and dictate replies up to noon, attend a de- 
putation to Mr. Gladstone, and make a speech 
thereat at 12.30 p.m. ; snatch a hasty dinner at 
2 P.M., attend a conference at Westminster 
Abbey at 3, and a vestry meeting at 3.30, 
address a SundaySchool Union in North London 
at 5, preach at Kensington at 8 r.M., and arrive 
about 10.30 P.M. at a London Caithness concert 
at which he was down to take the chair, re- 
turning before midnight to his home^ with a 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY, 



sermon to .-m-ite before indulging in a mucli- 
neeiled sleep. And this sort of thing goes 
on day after day, supplemented by two services 
daily at St. I'aul's Cathedral, during his month 
of residence. 

Theologically, Scotsmen wUl be pleased to 
leai'n that the Archdeacon is a thorough 
evangelical, Eituahsm being as far from him 
on the one side as Broad-churchism on the 
other. He is indeed the leader of the Evan- 
gehcal party in the Church of England, a posi- 
tion which has for some time been vacant and 
waiting for an able man to till it He edits 
The Churc/iiiiiiii , the organ of the Evangelicals, 
and is a voluminous author besides. 

His sermons are earnest and moving, as 
might be inferred from the character of his 
published works, and one cannot ]icl]i attribut- 
ing his sohd and orthodox Christianity to his 
Caithness origin. It is minecessary to remind 
Highlanders that whenever a Free Kirk Pro- 
fessor goes wrong, his heresy is scented out by 
the Caithness folks months before it comes 
between the wind and the nobUity of more 
southern noses. We have tried the Arch- 
deacon's sermons on the strictest of that fast 
diminishing race, " the ^Meu," and have re- 
ceived their imquaUfied aiiproval, than which 
no higher certiticate is possible. 

In addition to the high honours he has re- 
ceived in the Church, the Archdeacon is Hon. 
Chaplain to the (^ueen, the Scottish Corjjora- 
tion, the Highland Society of London, and the 
Caledonian Asylum, and, lastly, he is the ever 
active and enthusiastic President of the Loudon 
Caithness Association. 

l.oncloTi. J- T. C. 



DO NINEAG OiG. 

Le Iain Cai.mueul anns an Leideig. 



Si mo ghaolsa 'niliaiglidcan uasal 

A tha thall '.s an cilean uaine ; 

'S nii gu'n siiaiiiliadli caol gun uallach 

Ach mi dh' fiiaotainn suas ri 'in ndialtaig. 

T-flialt na dliualan sios mu'd gliuaillean 
'S ioniadh liuaidh tha fuiiiglit' ri'd n;\dur ; 
Oiallach, stuaiiia, rianail, suuircc, 
'S fhada uait tha fuath i.s ardan. 

Tha thu eutrom, aoidhail, cuantar, 
'S brLsg do cheuin air leac nam fuar-lilicann 
'S mis' tha trom gach la, 's gaoli nair dlieth, 
l>ho'u a chaidh thu tuath bho'n ilite. 

'S trie a dli' fhilg e mise luaineach 
Thu blii uani, 's a nis air ni' fliagail ; — 
'Sraid cha'n fhaigh mi 'm beul na h-oidhoho 
Ann an caoinihneas mar bu ghnith leinn. 



Bha mi uair is b'e mo niliiann-sa, 
Bhi a' seuladh n' iar thar saile ; 
A' tarruing rup, 'sa' togail shenl, 

No cur gach bijrd an urdaigh ciraidh. 

'S e'ui peann a nis a tha ga'm chuiuadli 

A h-uile latha a 'del nis truaighe ; 

Ri bord an sgriobhaidh tilth te, liiaidhte, 

'S cha'n fhaigh mi luaidh, bhi leat mar 
b'abhaist. 

'S trie mo chridh' lo taing a' bualadh 
Do'n cheud fhear chur am post air ghluasad ; 
'S ged' tha'n nionag fada uanisa 
Ruigidh litir luath mo ghradh sa. 

'S ged a bhith's ar cairdean gruamach, 
S tlioir iad gu Ijheil posadh luath dhuinn ; 
Onn cha chuir e snmairean uair — 

Bu truagh n'am li'aois a li'fliearr a thiitliadh. 

'S mo chead, a nis, do'n rilihiun chiatacli, 
A tha thall 's an eilcan iosal ; 
'S fhad 's a' chi mi ghriau '.san iarmailt 
Cha tig fiaradh air mo ghradh dhi. 



CAMANACHD. 



Glasoow Cowal Suixtv Club. — The annual 
business mcetin;^ was held in the Waterloo Rooms 
— Mr. Jt)lni Mackay, Kingston, president, in the 
chair. The secretary's and treasurer's reports were 
very favourable, the balance on hand being £8 16s. 
The folliiwinn ottice-bearers were then elected : — 
Patr.ms, Lnnl .Archibald Cainphell ; Mr. D. H. 
MacFaflaiic, M.V. ; CoUincl Malohn ,.f I'nlti.lloch ; 
IMcssrs. \V. Siitherland Hunter, Magnus MucLean, 
M.A., F.R.S.E. ; J. MacNaught Campbell, Duncan 
Whyte, and James Mackellai- ; lion, president, 
Alex. Mackellar; president, John Mackay, editor, 
Vcliir iluiithlii ; vice-president, Duncan Morrison ; 
captain, Archibald Campbell (Dr.) ; vice-captain, 
Peter Campbell (No. 2) ; secretary, Hugh Mac- 
Cortpiodale, J HO Cornwall Street, Plantation ; 
treasurer, Peter Campliell (No. 1) ; conunittee, 
Archd. Campbell (Lcckic), Donald MacCnpiodale, 
Thomas Scott, Camcmn Henderson, R. Laurie, 
D. Tiuner, W. Kiibertsmi, .1. Maclnnis, Duncan 
Kubertson, and Donald Maclnnis ; match com- 
mittee, D. Morrison, Arch. Campbell (Di'.), Arch. 
Campbell (Lcckic), Thomas Scott, and Peter Cami>- 
bell ; umpire, Donald MacCorcpiodale. The forth- 
coming match with Kinou.ssik was discussed, and 
a small conunittee appointed to make arrange- 
ments for same. Reports were also given in regard- 
ing the fund which is being raised to erect a siut- 
able club-house on the ground, the lack of wdiich 
has been nuich felt, especially on the occasion of 
matches. Should any of our readers intcrcated in 
the national pastime feel disposed to contribute 
towards this deserving object, the Editor of the 
Cflfic Miiiithhi, I" Dundas Street, Kingstcm, Glas- 
gow, will i;ladly acknowledge any subscriptitms 
sent to him. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY, 



GUENORCHY'S WIDOW: 
A Legend of Lochawe. 



By the Editor. 

Bes Crctachan is king of the mountains, 

That gird the lonely Loch Awe, 
Loch Etive is fed from his fountains 

By the stream of the dark-rushing Awe, 
Witli his peak so high, 
He cleaves the sky, 
That smiles on his old grey crown, 
While the mantle green. 
On his shoulders seen. 
In many a fold Hows down. 

—Prii/'e-sor Blaci 

^M' E R- 

:^' i*t poet, who 
could speak 
wisdom in prose 
as well as in 
verse, once sar- 
castically re- 
marked that 
nine-tenths of 
his countrymen 
travelled 
through the 
world with their 
eyes open but 
their ears shut. 
They were 
gifted with the 
power of seeing 
things, but sel- 
dom took the 
trouble to un- 
derstand them. 
A picturesque 
object may at- 
tract their at- 
tention, its 
quaint appear- 
ance may ex- 
tract from them 
an expression of 
admiration, but 

their interest goes no furtlier. Wordsworth has 
very neatly portrayed such a character in the 
well-known lines : 

" A primrose by a river's brim, 
A yellow primrose was to him, 
And it was nothing iiiurf. 

How often in our holiday wanderings have we 
met the traveller from the sunny south. He is 
sometimes innocent, but nearly always amusing. 
He puts on his eye-glass to look at some grand 
old ruin, around which cling, as closely as the 
ivy itself, many of the most eventful episodes in 
our national history. Mr. Smith gazes at the 
crumbling towers for some time, then mutters 




laconically, " how pretty ! " as if he were giving 
his valuable opinion regarding the latest design 
in painted tea cups. If this visitor from the 
south had been told that within those gloomy 
walls a Scottish king had been done to death, 
that its stones still show the marks of many a 
terrible siege, and that its courtyard had been 
the scene of many a bloody conflict, he would, 
no doubt, put on his eye-glass and remark, " Aw, 
how peculiar ! Is that so 1 What did you say 
was the name of the place?" On such occa- 
sions a person feels, like one of Dickens's heroes, 
inclined to kick something. 

For a hundred years and more these interest- 
ingvisitorshave 
been with us. 
They come to 
the cold north 
with the brave 
intention of 
"doing" the 
Highlands; they 
rush through 
the country like 
an express train, 
and on their re- 
turn home they 
publisha volume 
of "Impres- 
sion s," the 
j)rincipal fea- 
ture of which 
is their dis- 
covery that 
Scotland is 
civilised, and 
that the High- 
landers do not 
wearkilts, drink 
whisky all day, 
nor ask the loan 
of "saxpences." 
Also, that 
heather does 
not grow in the 
back greens in 
Glasgow. This is always a matter of surprise ! 
Not long ago I had occasion to visit Oban, 
and on the return journey, just as the train was 
rushing along the side of Loch Awe, under the 
shadow of the mighty Ben Cniachan, I looked 
out at the ruins of Kilchurn Castle, the ancient 
stronghold of the Campbells of Breadalbane. 
The sun had set, and the massive, roofless 
towers looked weird and gloomy in the mirky 
light. I tliought of its romantic history, of the 
numberless legend.s associated with its vicinity, 
and wondered if these had ever been collected. 
Kilchurn Castle, for many years, has been^the 
subject of inspiration to a host of painters' and 



KILCHURN CASTLE, LOCII AWE. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



poets. A painting of it is to bo sppii in nearly 
every picture slioj) window. Almost every 
tourist wlio has written a book about the High- 
lands has visited it, and has told us as much 
about it as his predecessors did. It is very 
amusing. All these accounts are so meagre, 
and boar such a close family resemblance to 
each other, that there can be no doubt that each 
was guilty of an attempt at literary plundering, 
and that the only honest man among them was 
the gentleman wlio wrote the first description. 
He doubtless made a virtue of his necessity, 
and was honest because there was no previous 
account to steal from ! 

And yet what a halo of romance surrounds 
that noble ruin. Had these Cockney book- 
makers been in a less hurry, what a store of 
interesting matter they could have collected. 
Had one of them asked a (ilenorchy man to tell 
him something of the hi.story of the old castle, 
lie would very likely ha\c started at the begin- 
ning, and told him the story of the gallant 
Knight Templar who, inspired with a holy 
purpo.se, went abroad to take part in the wars 
of the crusades in Spain, and how during his 
long absence his good lady erected that great 
fortress. Perhaps then he might have narrated 
the well-authenticated legend of how Loch Awe 
itself was formed by the overllowing of a little 
spring on Ben C'ruaehan, which was usually 
covered by a stone, and how Duncan Ban 
Maclntyre hunted the deer and sung songs on 
the slopes of Ben Dorain. If there is still an 
Knglishman thirsting to become famous by 
uriting a really attractive book on the High- 
lands, J would say to him, almost in the very 
words of the genial Mr. Piinc/i, "Go to Loch 
Awe side at your earliest leisure, provide your- 
.self with a well-lilled flask of real ' Ardbeg ' 
and a snufl-box, write down all the stories you 
hear, regarding the absolute truth of the most 
improbable of which every Glonorchy man will 
give his alHdavit, and unless you are too clever 
or a fool your inagmim opus is as good as written, 
and you may at once imagine yourself as good 
as famous ! " 

There is one story which I shall save him the 
trouble of writing, and which it is my intention 
to give here. He has tlie consolation of know- 
ing that one stone taken from a good-sized cairn 
docs not make it much smaller. Jlr. Smitli is 
welcome to the other stones with my kindest 
regards. 

At a period when all the clans considered 
them.selves the greatest, and every chief the 
most ])ow(!rful, it would b(' only courteous that T 
should describe Sir Colin ('amplicll, of Lochow, 
as the most distinguished of the Highland chiefs. 
He was the second son of Sir Duncan Campltell, 
ftncestor of the present ducal family of Argyll, 



and his possessions e.\tended over a large part of 
the ancient district of Lorn. The Campbells 
had ever the rei)utation of acting on the prin- 
ciple of " keeping what they have, and taking 
what thej' can," and this may account for this 
second son being so much better provided for 
than the majority of the younger sons of whom 
we read. At this time the long-continued 
struggle between the supporters of the Cross 
and the Crescent was raging with great fury in 
Spain, and the order of Ivnight Templars had 
established itself in Scotland, having opened an 
hospital in Lothian, known as that of St. Ger- 
mains. To this order of knight-errants many of 
the most daring of the young Scots cavaliers 
connected themselves, men who were ready to 
draw their swords in support of a cause which 
presented such easy oj)portunities of gaining 
fame and honour — and also, what was more 
frequently found, a soldier's grave. Of this 
body of gentlemen soldiers Sir Colin was a 
member. It is not known what jirorapted him 
to take this step — some say that it was because 
of his love of adventure, while others assert 
that his estates were embarrassed, and he chose 
to go abroad for a time to improve his position. 
Be that as it may, we may safely assume that 
lie was not likely to lose sight of his own per- 
sonal interests, and that in going to Spain to 
light the JNIoors \w. had something more sub- 
stantial in view than mere glory. Of the latter, 
tradition says that he gained a great store, and 
the memory of his warlike deeds livetli to this 
day. He arranged that his lady during his 
absenee was to manage the affairs of the estate, 
and, as the sequel shows, he could not have 
chosen a more prudent factor. 

As time rolled on the wealth of the family 
increased, and the happy idea suggested itself to 
Lady Glenorchy that, in anticipation of her 
lord's home-coming, she should erect a grand 
and stately castle, which would not only be 
pleasing to Sir Colin, but would add dignity to 
the family name for all time to come. The 
work was at once commenced, and when com- 
})U'tc<I the castle of Kilchurn was one of the 
largest and most powerful fortresses in the 
land. 

IJuring all this time no news had been re- 
ceived from the absent knight. Si.x years had 
passed since he went abroad, and even the most 
patient of wives might be excused for growing 
a little impatient under the circumstances. At 
first she had excused tliis neglect on the ground 
that his heart was so much occupied in further- 
ing the cause of the Cross that there was not 
one little corner left for her. As the silence 
was not broken, and it became at last clear to 
her that the Cross had taken up its abode their 
permanently, the good hidy became a little des- 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



cousolatR, and felt that she was beiii^ rathiu- 
badly treateil. Slie was strengthened in this 
belief by a neighbouring chief, MaeCorquoJale, 
who, out of pure sympathy for the lonely lady, 
did not hesitate to s ly that Sir Colin's neglect 
was really " too b.il ! " He was not an obtru- 
sive person, and did not interfere much in other 
people's ati'urs, but he sometimes went the 
length of remarking that if he had been Sir 
Colin, and was blessed with such a beautiful 
and loving wife, not to speak of other desirable 
considerations, he would not have left her to 
lead such a lonely and cheerless life. Mr. Mac- 
Corquodale was a kind-hearted old gentleman, 
and did not know how to flatter a lady, yet he 
condescended on various occasions to make 
this remark, while the fair object of his 
compliment did not pretend even to doubt 
the sincerity of his statement. In fact, the 
gallant chief 
of the Mac- 
Corquodale clan 
was at length 
of the opinion 
til at the lady 
was rathe r 
pleased to hear 
him repeat it, 
a n d li e was 
of too c o u r- 
teous a disposi- 
tion not to 
liumour her in 
such a trilling 
matter. It must 
not, of course, 
be imagined 
for one moment 
that he could, 
under any 
circumstances, 




LOCH AWli. 



take the place of Sir Colin in her affections, or 
even hope that at some future time he could 
have all this love and beauty for himself. 

It is difficult at times to account for a lady's 
whim-i, but, occasionally, they are more easy to 
understand than the puzzle of fifteen. The 
charming lady Glenorchy had now taken to 
'• sighing," which, I fancy, was a sure sign that 
she was not quite well. Some people, who were 
learned in such matters, said that the trouble 
arose from the heart. It is not generally known 
what MacCorquodale thought, but as the symp- 
toms were somewhat alarming he became a 
frequent visitor to the castle, and it was re- 
marked that nfhen he departed the sufferer ap- 
jieared greatly improved in health, and the 
sighing was not quite so severe. This was 
usually explained by the genial atmosphere 
which his very presence created wherever he 
went Nothing 
could excel 
or disturb his 
good nature. As 
an instance of 
this it may be 
mentioned that 
he has been 
known to sheath 
his dirk in the 
body of a menial 
for some trifling 
neglect and then 
spend the after- 
noon with the 
disconsolate lady, 
assuring her 
that Sir Colin's 
beliaviour was 
" quite too bad!" 



(^7b be conchided). 



KING ROBERT THE BRUCE 
IN K I N T Y R E. 

By the DiiKK OF AuQYLi,, IC.T. 

MakK well that cove, fur once of yore 
A boat was seen lo beat her way 
Coming through storm at close of day 

Until her bows had kissed the shore. 

Then, leaping from the stranded bark. 
And moving up the copse-wood brae, 
A knight was seen to stride away 

Until he vanished in the dark. 

In one near opening of the wood 
Where wattled hazels of the time 
Kept out the rain of windy clime, 

Quick stepping to the door he stood. 



With courteous yet commanding air 
He asked the way to further shore : 
He asked for this, he asked no more, 

Nor sought for rest or shelter there. 

The farmer, though of humble lot, 
Looked at the king without surprise, 
Read all his meaning in his eyes. 

With noble manners of the Scot. 

' Sir knight, the moorlands you must cross 
Are higli and bare — no friendly trees 
To break the blast of ocean seas, , 
With swollen streams and treacherous moss. 

' My house is poor, but yet the bed 
Of heather and the blazing fire 
Are bettor than the shrieking choir 
Of stormy spirits overhead," 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



' Scant time have I," the knislit replied : 
" You know the troubles of our laud. 

And how we're fighting hand to hand 
'Gainst England, upon Scotland's side. 

' Xor yet has fortune lent her smiles : 
Until she does I cannot rest : 
And now I go to farthest west 
To rouse the clansmen of the Isles." 

" No boat, Sir Knight, can cross the sea 
Until the storm has passed away ; 
It will have passed by break of day, 
Then gladly I'll be guide to thee." 

And so the Soot and Norman knight. 
On middle floor arounil the lire, 
Coranmncd and slejit in far Kintyre 

Until the morning broke in light. 

Then when the peaks of Arran stood 
In cold dark grays against the sky, 
More slowly drifted clouds on high, 

More gently swayed the feathery wood. 

Up pressed the two, without a stop. 
Through tangled thickets of the hill, 
Breasting its roughness with a will 

Until, ere noon, they reached the top. 

Beneath them the vast ocean lay. 
Still heaving with a troubled breast ; 
And many a wave with angry crest 

Ran foaming on each rock and bay. 

To north the scattered clouds had clung 
Hound lofty Jura's mountain line; 
Whilst silver vapours, thin and fine, 

O'er hills of Islay softly hung. 

And southward in broad fields of light. 
In dazzling shimmers of the sun, 
Tlu! Antrim coast in dark had won 

The nearest bailings of their sight. 

And chiefly did the Kathlin Isle 
Seem close below them in the clear, 
And as the knight perceived it near 

He seemed to greet it with a smile. 

Then, resting on broad-lulted blade, 
Addressed his comrade of the day : 
" Good friend, you've kindly led my way 
Now when my fortunes are in shade. 

" 'Tis true thou dost not know my name 
Nor hinted thou didst care to know. 
With such as thou 'tis always so ; 
All noble natures are the same. 

" Nor did I tell thee all I meant. 

Nor, closely, where I seek to go: 
To hide, to wander to and fro 
Till better days, I now am bent. 

" My life of venture far and wide 

Has tai'lght me care, for fear of wile 
Not from the .Scots of leal Argylc 
Yet still 1 lean to caution's side. 

" I told thee what I seek alone ; 

With Edward's claims I know no truce ; 



St.art not, good friend, I am the Bruce, 
And I shall sit on Scotland's throne. 

' The levies he has brought afield 

Will njelt like sun in western gale. 

But our proud spirit shall not fail. 

Again I'll raise the sword and shield. 

' In that lone isle below us, now, 
Hid in some hut beside the sliore. 
I'll bide my time, come out once more. 
And wear the crown I held at Scone. 

" I tell thee what, in visions seen. 
Upholds me oft in hopeless hour ; 
I know that I shall break the power 
That Scotland's curse so long has been." 

Then bowed the Scot, the son of Kay, 

And hailed his comrade as his king : — 
" Would I could wait beneath thy wing. 
To lift old Scotland's Standard high." 

" Come thou no further, friendly man, 
I need no guide to what is seen. 
Tell thou none else where thou hast been 
Until thou seest me in the van." 

And when the king's recoming sail 
Had brought him to his great return 
And when he won at Bannockburn 

He well remembered Ugadale. 

The land that bore that sheltering roof, 

Their rocks, their shore, their shingly cove, 
In token of his kingly love. 

Were chartered for Mackay's behoof. 

For near six hundred years that land 
Has held his children's children well : 
Still o'er and o'er they love to tell 

Of Bruce's foot-steps on its strand. 

Nor thus alone can they approach 
So nearly to those ancient days ; 
For full accoutred on the ways 

They're plaided with a noble brooch. 

Such as were made in elder time. 
Which Bruce luul given to their sire 
With coral, pearl, and crystal fire. 

In memory of that morning climb. 

And on that spot of parting ways. 

Where Robert Bruce and proud Mackay 
Had stood in light of ocean sky 

A stone still marks heroic days. 




Tlin UnADALE nUOOCH. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



J. LINDSAY MACKAY, M.A., LL.B. 

\VlXNEU OK THE " FrASER-MaCKINTOSII I'lUZE." 

[^R. J. LINDSAY MACKAY' is a native 



«lffiib of Glasgow, his father being Mr. George 
■jt'^ H. Mackay, accountant to the Savings' 
Bank, and a life-member of the Clan Mackay 
Society. Mr. Mackay was educated at the 
High School and Gla.sgow University, where, in 
addition to class prizes, he took the degrees of 
M.A. and LL.B. Although by profession a 
lawyer, iVIr. Mackay has many tastes, having 
already earned 
consideral)le re- 
n own in the 
pleasant fields of 
music and litera- 
ture. Hisfavourite 
study, however, is 
music, and he has 
composed a large 
nuniiier of songs, 
part - songs, and 
pianoforte pieces, 
a collection of 
which will, I hope, 
l)e given to the 
public in the near 
future. He has 
also conducted 
several important 
musical societies 
in C!la.sgow, and is 
organist in Lang- 
side Free Church. 
Mr. Mackay is 
perhaps best 
known to the 
general public by 
his popular 
operetta, " Prince 
and Pe d 1 a r," 
and the Opera 
" Natalie," which 
have been per- 
formed with great 

success in various parts of the kingdom, and 
also in Australia and America. In connection 
with these Mr. Mackay has received flattering 
notices in the press, and handsome offers from 
London firms to publish his work. As an 
e.xample of his versatility, I may mention that 
he not only composes the music for his pieces, 
lait also the libretto, which usually takes the 
form of verse. Indeed, it may be truly said that 
he is gifted in a special degree with the poetical 
faculty as well as the musical. Mr. Mackay is 
very popular among the members of his clan, 
and on all social occasions he accompanies the 




singers at the piano, and renders other services 
to the society. The spirited air to which Mi.ss 
Annie Mackay's beautiful song, " Lord Reay's 
Welcome," is sung was composed by the subject 
of our sketch. The splendid melody which has 
just gained the " Fraser- Mackintosh Prize" is 
well worthy of his reputation, and is sure to 
become popular among Highlanders. It has 
been said of Highlanders that all are born with 
the spirit of music and poetry in them, and that 
while a few possess the gift of giving suitable 
expression to their feelings, the greater number 
die with the music in their hearts. Mr. Mackay 
is undoubtedly 
one of those wlio 
soon found ex- 
pression to his 
song, for his tastes 
lay in the direc- 
tion of music from 
his earliest years. 
To him it is no 
undertaking to 
wiite a melody ; 
he composes 
quickly and 
easily. As an 
instance of the 
rapidity with 
which he writes, 
I may mention 
that he composed 
the beautiful air 
to which the 
" Welcome to 
Lord Reay" is 
sung, and set it 
to four-part har- 
mony, in one 
evening. Person- 
ally, Mr. Mackay 
is of the most 
kindly and oblig- 
ing disposition. 
He is ever ready 
to render a ser- 
vice to a friend, 
whether it be to assist at a concert, to compose 
a melody to a song, or to conduct an orchestra. 
Nothing in the way of music comes amiss to him. 
Mr. Mackay belongs to the Reay country branch 
of the clan, and it is pleasant to know that the 
Mackays still cherish that love for song and 
music for which they were so famous in the 
days of Rob Bonn and Iain Ball. In this 
respect it may be said of Mr. J. L. Mackay that 
he acts up to the spirit of the Ossianic injunction 
— " Leini yii dtkth ri clili do s/tuiHSi'r " (Follow 
closely the fame of your fathers). 

Cambuslang. ClIARLES MaCKAY. 



THK CELTIC MONTHLY. 
OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



A SONG OF CLANRANALD. 



IpI^liHE following stirring and popular song — 
x3^ 'I'ha tiy/i'nn fodJiam eividli — is one of many 
^^? composed in praise of Ailein Deanj, red 
Allan, chief of Clam-anald, and the part he 
took in the historic rising of 1715. The author 
of the song is Jain mac DIdigltaill 'ic Lacltainn, 
and it was the proud boast of Boswell, the 
biogi-apher of Johnson, that he could sing one 
verse of this ancient ditty. 

Allan, chief of Clanranald, stands out, not 
only in the ijiipassioned lays of the bards, but 
in the aunals of the times, as the beau-ideal of a 
Highland chief. At an early age he was trans- 
forreil from Castle Tirrim, the seat of the clan, 
to the island of Uist, and placed imder the 
care of his brother in-law, JIacdouald of Beu- 
bccula. He was carefully trained, cousidei-ing 
the turbident times, and the steady discipline 
of his yuiith exercised a powerful influence over 
him throughout hfe. He was reputed to be 
" gentle, courteous even to the humblest of his 
people, and waim hearted, aud tilled with a 
high sense of honour which rose superior to any 
feehngs of egotism or mere self-uiterest." A 
devoted adherent of the Stuarts, he and his 
brother-in-law, at the head of five hundi'ed 
followers, joined Claverhouse in the Braes of 
Lochaber, aud took an active part in the Battle 
of KiUiecraukie, 1G8!). Here Claverhouse fell, 
and his successor. Colonel Cannon, being quite 
unable to retain the clans together, yoimg 
Clam-anald and his brother-in-law returned to 
Uist. A few years later the Government, by 
verj' questionable means, succeeded in bringing 
the hostile chiefs into comparative submission, 
and garrisons and forts were estabhshed 
among the more refractory clans. A strong 
pai'ty from Fort-William was put in possession 
of Castle Tirrim, whore they remained until a 
short time in-cvious to the insurrection of 1715. 
So keenly (lid the spirited Clanranald feel the 
presence of these sokUers in the family strong- 
hold, and despairing of seeing another oppor 
tunity to draw his sword in favour of the 
legitimate kuig, that he determined to forsake 
his native country and seek employment in 
France. He was well received at the French 
Court, and was given a commission under the 
Duke of ]3erwick. Li France he distinguished 
liimsclf hi many engagements. After the 
brilliant victory of Almanza, Clanranald was 
left on the field covt:red with wounds. For- 
tmiately, a search party found him and had 
hun conveyed to a country house in the vicinity, 
where he was carefully nursed. During lus 
couvalescence he became ac(piauitcd with the 



lady whom he afterwards married — Penelope 
MacKcnzie, daughter of Colonel AlacKenzie, 
at one time Governor of Tangiers. She accom- 
panied Clanranald to LTist, where for some 
years they lived in retirement. About this 
time, 1715, another insurrection was planned 
in favour of the Stuarts, and Ailean Miadeartach 
was among the first to be involved in it, 
" although his better judgment must have 
shown clearly how utterly hopeless and disap- 
poiutiug the result was hkely to be." There 
can be httle doubt Clauranald had a presenti- 
ment of coming disaster, for after crossing 
from Uist to Jloidart he gave secret instruc- 
tions to one of his followers to set Castle Tirrim 
on fire immediately after his departure for the 
seat of war. "As might be expected, the fol- 
lower was loath to perform the task, and ven- 
tured to expostulate with his chief ; but the 
latter removed his scruples by representing 
that the building was lOiely to fall into the 
hands of the Government troops again, who, 
upon their second visit, would certainly show 
little mercy to the district. ' Besides,' he 
gloomily added, 'I shall never come back 
again, — c/ia till misegu bmtli tuilleadli, — and it is 
better that our old family seat should be given 
to the flames than forced to give shelter to 
those who are about to triumph over our 
ruin.' " The deed was faithfully carried out, 
for Clam-anald had scarcely reached Glenfinnan 
when Castle Tirrim was in flames, aud became 
the sad ruin it at present remains. < 'lanrauald 
aud Glengarry mustered nine hundretl Jlac- 
donalds between them, and marched under the 
Earl of Mar to Sheriflmuir. As is well known, 
the action that day was indecisive. This is how 
the old song puts it- * 

" Tliei'u's some say that wc wan. 
Ami some say that they wan. 
And some say that nanc wan at a', man ; 

But ae thing I'm sure, that at Sherifl'-nmir 
A hattle there was that I saw man." 

The same song makes reference to Glengarry 
aud Clanranald biding in the heat of the en- 
gagement, with Druuunt)nd of Logic Almond, 
and proceeds — 

" Strathmore and ClanraMald cried still, ' Adviinec, 
Donald!' 
Till both of these heroes did fa', man ; 
For there was sic hashing, and broadswords a-elash- 

Brave Forfar himsel got a elaw, man. ' 
Clam-anald's forebodings proved true. He was 



* "Soujjs of Scotlaiul prior to Burns," page 62. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



hit on the chest by one of the enemies' bullets, 
and was carried awav in a dying condition to 
another part of the field. His body was after- 
wards carried to Drummond Castle, and there, 
amid the lamentations of his devoted clansmen, 
was consigned to the dust. 

'■ The Macdonalds," says the historian, "did 
act the part of men that are resolute and brave 
luider the command of their chief, who, for his 
good parts and genteel accomplishments, was 
looked ujion as the most gallant and generous 
young gentleman among the clans — maintain- 
ing a sjjleudid equipage, keeping a just defer- 
ence to the people of all sorts, void of pride or 
ill-humour. He performed the part of one 
that knew the part of a complete soldier." 

The able writer of that fascinating work, 
" lloidart ; or, Among the Clanranalds," to 
which I am indebted for much that precedes, 
concludes his sketch of this gallant chief as 



follows: — "The Macdonalds returned to their 
native hUls, utterly disheartened at the calamity 
which had overtaken them. The evil news 
having jsreceded them, tilled their friends 
among the Isles and in the Rough Bounds 
{Garbli-chiKicliaii) with the deepest sorrow. 
Perhaps the gloom weighed heavier on Moidart 
than anywhei-e else, for the blackened, ruined 
walls of Castle Tirrim, and the sad circum- 
stances under which they became so, impressed 
more vividly on the natives the iiTeparable loss 
which had come on the whole clan by the 
death of their brave and gallant chief. He 
left no issue, and with him terminated the 
direct Une of the I'lanranald succession." 

The song from which the following verses 
are taken will be found complete in 't'hr Be mties 
(it (iadic Poetrfi and several other collections of 
GaeHe song 

FlONJs. 



AILEAN MUIDEARTACH ALLAN, LAIRD O' MOIDART. 

Translation by M.\lcolm MacF.irlane. 



Key G. With spirit. 

I s, .,1, : d .did . d : d | 1, ., 

Seisp.— I Tha tigh'im fodham, | foilham. fodli'm, | Tha 

Choru.s. — Come ami merrie, merrie be, Ccime 



tigh'nn fodham, 
and mcirie, 



fndliain, fodli'm ; 
merrie be, 



d ., m : s .sis .s :s.s|s .,1 : s .n[r : d 

Tha tigh'nn fodham, | fodham, fodh'm, | Tha tigh'nn fodham, 1 eir - iilh. 
Come and sing a - lang wi' me, Of Allan, Laird o' .Moi - dart. 



Rann.- 

Versb.- 



■ Come, till 



up 



d . r 

t-slainte 
a' yer 



d ., : 

chiir - 

glasses. 



I :.S|.Sij 1| ., r 

L - mach, I < tl • am 

0, And let - ua 

: S .S I S .,1 



aid 
care 



• djd ., n : s .sis .s :s.s| 

Deoch- 1 slainte Ailein | Mhiiideartaich, Mo | dhiirachd dhuit 

But drink this toast, " Guid bless us a' And keep the Laird 



r ., d : d. 

sunnrlach i, 

press us, 0, 

r : d 

eir - ioh. 
Moi - dart." 



Is ged a bhiodh tu fada uam, 
Gn'n eireadh sunnd 'us aigne orm 
'Nuair chluinninn sgeul a b' aite leam 
Air gaisgeach nan gniomli euchdaoh. 



Thae times when he was far awa' 
Across the seas at war, an' a' 
His fame for deeds o' daurin', 0, 
Was ringing a' thro' Moidart. 



Gur sgiobair ri la gaillinn thu 
A sheoladh cuan nam marannan, 
A bheireadh long gu calachan 

Le spiunnadh glac do threun-fhear. 



His was the skill o' sailin" ; 
\A hen tempests were prevailin" 0, 
And waves the bark as,sailin', 0, 
He steered us safe tae Moidart. 



Tha sgeul beag eil' a dhearbhadh leat, 
Gur sea''gair sithne 'n garbhlaich thu, 
Le d' chuilbhear caol naeh dearmadach 
Air dearg-ghreidh nan oeann eutrom. 



He hunted aye sae keenly, (), 
And brocht down aj'e sae cleanly, 0, 
The stags and hinds sae queenly, 0, 
Amang the wilds o' Moidart. 



B'e sud an leughann aigeannach — 
'Nuair nochdadh tu do bhaidealan, 
Lamh dhearg 'us long, 'us bradanun, 
'Nuair lasadh meanm 'nad eudann. 



When he spread forth his pennon, 0, 
Abune his warlike men an' a'. 
His foes were dauntit, kennin' a' 
The red-hand badge o' Moidart. 



10 



THE CELTIC JIONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS '^^' ''" enthusiastic iiresiilent and an onerfcetic com- 

tll < nmtniiiiicaiiiint, „n liieyarii tiiitt buatnrts niittee is mainly (lui; tlio chief ciL'flit i)f the success 

,nntir,s.'ll.:,<hl I,,- ,„l,lr,-H«r,i ta the Kriii,,,; Mr. .J(}ll\ "f H'*-' iiifctini,'. We ale greatly (lelighteil with the 

MICKAY, IT IttiiDliis Strerl, Kiniislon, lllamjou: hearty Intel est which LoKl) AllCHlBAMi CaMI'BELL 

^ manifests in the literature and music uf our 

^~' nmnntain-land, and his tliiiroughlv Hi^;hhind spirit. 

TEliMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— rUc CELTIC There is no half-heartedness about him. and High- 

MOKTHLY tcill be sent, post free, to any part of the landers will like hiin the better for it. We were 

United Kinydom, Canada, the United States, and all also glad to see tme Highland Al. P. iiresent— Dr. 

. • • .)., »„.(„; rT„:^« /™ ™,. ..™« /. Donald IMacflregor. This reminds us to remark 

countriejt tn the rostai Union — for one year, As. , , . , ° 11 

that surely the .mkmher fok thk cointv could 

,,,,-, , have spared one day from his Caithness shooting to 

The Celtic Monthly. countenance the great Oaellc event of the year in 

OCTOBER 189S. ^^^ °^^" constituency. For otir part we are glad 

„ „ „ ^^ Ji, ^ r^ ^_ ^.^^.^ that an attempt is to be made to hold the M6d 

COl^JTEra'TS. next year in Pkuthshike If it i.s not taken up 

there enthusiastically no one need again complain 

Thk Vkx. wm. MacDu.vald Sinclair, U.D., of London, - - : of its being held in Oban. The otter has been made 

1)0 NixKAo Oio, (poem) i and it lies with Perthshire-men to accept or reject 

Camasachd, 2 it. The EvenIiNij Co.nckkt was a fitting termina- 

GtESOBCiiis Widow,— alrsend ot Ixichawe, --■-:( tion to a successful gathering. Miss Jessie N. 

Kixo Robert tiikHkice IS KiNTVHK, (jioem), . . . :, MacLachlan was in splendid voice, and was accorded 

.1. L1SD8AT MAtkAv, M.A., l.l..!i., (with poitmit) ... 7 a hearty receiition. The v.ther soloists acquitted 

oi R MrsicAi. Page, 8 themselves well, Miss Lizzie Mackay's rendering 

To 0.R Readers, 1" of the beautiful laments being worthy oi special 

.\NCoMr.NN-GAi,mEALACi.,theM6<iorGathcrins.atOtan, . n commendation. The combined .hoiks sang with 

SHIELDS IS THE ScoTT,»I.GaKUCK,NOD0.MI.V THE SECOND AND ^ 4^,^,^, .,„a ^„J .^.^ .^j e.Xample of 

Third CENTrRiKS, 1-2 ii i -i i- r t^ \- i i 

,. „ , ..J . . , the caiiabilities of our Gaelic song when properly 

John MacFadtes, (with portrait), !.'> j- i i mi u <■» ii ,. 

, '^ ' ' directed. The SupPEK after the concert was an 

prizB'coMrETmo™ - - Jr enjoyable function, and Lord Archibald Campbell's 

H.oJiLAND PLACES WORTH v,siTiNo-No. 2.-GLENK.SNAN, . 17 decUration tliat he had had "iminy scriiiiuiages with 

The INFLIE.NCE OK GAELIC Mfsic ox LOWLAND Soxo, . . IS the W ar Otlice regarding tlic Highland Regiuients, 

Reviews, -jn '^"^ that he was prepared at any moment to renew 

" the contest should occasion demand," was received 

TO OUR READERS. with loud applause. In this his lordship will 

find many su]iporters. We had also the usual 
" Hn;Hi.AVT) Ho.NOiiKs." Now, we confess we are 

\Vf. tru.st that our readers are satisfied with our altogether sceptical about these so called "honours." 

efforts to fuithor improve tlie magazine. The To our mind they are not Highland. Logan, in the 

contents of tiiis number may be safely left to " Scottish Gael," refers to a custom among Celtic 

speak for themselves, and we presume the most SneMies which somewhat resembles this, but does 

cotJofo/.trvyi/ occi,i..j,i,.q ,.,i.;„i, ,..„ - ' not iiientiou several features which are obnoxious 

satistactory assurance wluch we can give our ■ ,i • ^ n t ■ i i ^ m- t. ■> 

J -iij. .. I ?,, ,, m tlie variety with which we are at present afflicted. 

readers is that we expect to make the C.Jf. xiie custon.; as presently practised, is not pretty, 

even more attractive in tlie near future. Tlie and we are not disposed to accept it as natural to 

Highland Societies and Shinty Clubs are now our Highland soil without sufficient proof of its 

cominencing the work of the season, and in our authenticity. Can any of our readers (juote any 

next issue we shall give sliort reports of their reliable authority in which this custom is described 

proceedings during the month. We regret that '^^ "^ Highland origin, or any work of last century 

><..f;r..> In tl>o r>..^o,.n<- .,„,,.,.„ „ ^ ill which it is referred to ( The matter is worth 

owing to the jire.sent pressure on our space we i i ■ ■ i. i i. i x- .: i xi ■ 

, °, 11 i • V". 5JJIVV-C "c looking into, and until we are satisfied on this 

nave been uiiali e to "ive our Notes and ■ * c * * ■ i r ii ii 

. ,, 11 ^>uLes anu point, we refuse to accept in good faith these 

guenes page, and otlnrr interesting contribu- so-called " Celtic Honours." 

tions, but these willfind a place in our next. ,, tvt t a«' -u j. j 

i,r . , ,, , ,, ,. ' , , • OuK Next Issue. — We will present our readers 

II « trunt thai lluisr of our rnadern iv/io /inrr> ii ir ii i i * i. r m ah /^ 

, , , •! "tui'/.t n.itii null. with a lifelike plate ]iortrait of Mr. Allan Cameron 

iiol yet JorwnrdM tkc.ir annual conlrUmlimis of Liindavra, Athlone, a chieftain of the Clan 

(4/- post free) irill do xo at nnt-/; .lo that av laaij Cameron, and one of the most jioiHilar members of 

//(• ahli> Id iiiahi' Hji a ciiinplcle /lit iif nidntrrilicr^i. the historic clan. Portraits will also ajijiear of 

'I'lji? \f{\r\ A-n />T. .XT Messrs. Robert Fergussoii, IStirliiig, (held over from 
I Hli MOD Al OBAN ii • • \ /. m w 11 1 1 u !-■ A CI i 
• this issue); George M. Sutherland, F.S.A. Scot., 
As a full report of this great Celtic Gathering Wick ; and Duncan MacLean, Manchester, the 
iilipeais in another place, it is not our intention well-known poet. We also expect to publish an 
here t<; do mole than make a few general observa- interesting romance by Mr. .John Mackay, Here- 
tioiis on the events of the day. Tlio Mod was a ford, dealing with the eximlsion of the Danes from 
splendid success, and in every respect an im|.rove- the Keay country, .'ind illustrated with views of 
meiit upon that of lust year. The attendance was places of" historic interest in the land of the Mac- 
larger, the competitors were more numerous, and kays. A number of oUier illustrated contributions 
the talent was belter than on the former occasion. will also ajipear. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



11 



AN COMUNN GAIDHEALACH. 

The Mod, or Gathering, at O b a n. 

r-|d||HIS gi'eat Gaelic Gathering whs held in the Argyllshire Gathering Hall, Oban, on Tuesday, 
yfV 12tli Sejiteniber. Lord Archibald Caiupbell occupied the chair, and among those present we 
(?ll!> noticed the following; — Lady Archibald Campbell and daughter; Provost Maclsaac, Oban; 
Campbell of Dunstaflhage ; Rev. Messrs. MacDougall, Duror, and MacLines, Oban; Dr. MacGregor, 
M.F. ; Professor IVIackinnon of the Celtic Chair; Rev. Dr. John MacLean ; Rev. Dr. Stewart, Nether- 
Lochaber ; Bishoj* Smith ; Rev. Father MacDonald, Dalibrog, Uist ; Dr. MacDiarmid, Glasgow ; 
Dr. MacNicoll, Dalmally ; Dr. N. M. Campbell, Oban; Mr. Magnus MacLean, M.A., Glasgow; Mr. A. 
Mackenzie Mackay, London ; Miss Annie Mackay, Bardess to the Clan Muckay Society ; Mr. John 
Campbell, Ledaig ; Mr. Alexander MacDonald, Thedford, Ont., Canada; Mr Donald Mackay, Ledaig ; 
Ex. Bailie Stuart, Inverness; Mr. Robert Ferguson, Stirling ; Mr. John Campbell, Secretary ; Mr. John 
Mackintosh, Asst. Secretary. 

The following were the judges: — For reading and reciting — Messrs. Henry Whyte ('Fionn') Glasgow ; 
Malcolm MacFariane, Paisley ; and Dr. MacNicol, Dalmally. Sgeulachd — Rev. James MacDougall, 
Duror ; and Rev. D. Machines, Ob.an. Prose and Poetry — Rer. Dr. Stewart, Nether Lochaber ; and 
Messrs. D. Reid, Glasgow ; and M. MacFariane. Music — Princii^al MacBeth, of the Athenieum College 
of Music, Glasgow ; and Messrs. Whyte and MacFariane. 

The chairman, in opening the ]iroceedings, refen-ed to the success whicli had attended their ettbrts, 
and was satisHed that the present gathering already promised so well. The Mod, next year, might 

possibly be held in some other locality, but no matter where held 
it would have his hearty support. He then announced the tirst 
competition. 

The following is the prize list: — (judic Sgoidadul — I 
(" Fionna-Chointeach "), J. MacFady en, Glasgow ; 2 (" Gleann- 
ach"), A. Stewart, Glenlyon. Translation from Gaelic — 1 
(" Carnliath "), Alexander Stewart, police station, Polmont ; 
2 (" Sheena "), Miss J. MacGregor, Kilmore, Oban. H'ritiiuj 
to (iaeUc dictatuin — 1, John Black, Oban. Gaelic Prose ('vm- 
petitioii — 1 (" Bhruth-Chorcan '"), J. MacFadyen, Glasgow; 
2 (" Comal "), Neil Ross, Glendale. Gaelic Poetnj — 1 (" Comal"), 
Neil Ross, Glendale; 2 (" Garbhag-liath "), J. MacFadyen, 
Glasgow ; 3 (" Monach "), A. Stewart, Glenlyon. 

Gaelic Fu-citati„ii (first prize, £2; second, £1).— 1, Mr, Neil 
Ross ; 2, Mr. Arch. Munn, Oban. 

Gaelic Headiny (first prize, £2 ; second, £1). — 1, Mr. Munn ; 
2, Mr. Neil Ross. 

Clioral CompetttiiDi for Juniors (first prize, £4 ; second, £2). — 
1, Oban Junior U.iulic Choir; 2, St. Columba (R.C.) School 
Choir, (_)baii. 

iStno Vunipctiiioii for Juniors (two prizes of £1 Is, oftered by 
St. Columba Gaelic Choir, Glasgow). — 1, Miss Ella Lawrie, 
Ballachulish ; 2, James Wilson, Jun., Lismore. 

('horal Cunipetitionfn- Seniors (first prize, £10; second, £7 10s). 
This event was very keenly contested, and it was only after 
repeated trials that the judges decided to award the first jirize to 
tiie Glasgow St. Columba Choir, the second to Oban, and a special 
prize of £5 from Lord Archibald Campbell to the Ballachulish 
Choir. 

Solo CovijMtition for Seniors (first prize, Oban Burgh gold 
Medals and £1 ; 2nd £1, 3rd 10s). — Seven ladies and twelve gen- 
tlemen took part in this competition. Ladies — 1, Miss M. A. 
MacKechnie, Oban (last years 
winner) ; 2, Miss M. MacKenzie, 
Morven ; 3, Miss Margaret Jlac- 
Donald, Glasgow. Gentlemen — 1, 
-^ K. D. MacKenzie, Glasgow, (last 

^, year's winner) ; 2, Peter M. 

^ MacDonald, Glasgow ; 3, Donald 

MacCallum, Oban. 

Lady .Archibald C a m j) b e 1 1 
presented the prizes to the successful 
competitors, after which Lord Archi- 
bald refeired to the difficult duty 
which the judges had to perform, 
and how necessary it was that those 

MISS J. N. MACLACHLAN, Gaelic Vocalist. "'"' ''^''' ""* '*'"" P"^""^ ^''""It^ '^« 




^^-O. 



12 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



satisfied with the res\ilts, as the decisions -were 
only arrived at after careful consideration. He 
hoped, now that his term of office had expired, 
that they would find a president as Highland in 
sjiirit as lie was. Rev. Dr. Stewart intimated 
that Miss MacDonell of Glenjiarry had ottered a 
prize of three guineas for competition at next Mud 
for ])salm singing in Gaelic, repeating the line in 
the (lid style. 

Annual Busine.s.s Meeting. 

This meeting took jilace immediately after the 
Mod. Lord Archibald ('am]iliell presided, and 
there was a good attondam-e <if members. The 
Secretary and Treasurer gave very favourable 
reports of tlie work of the past year. An interest- 
ing discussion took place as to the advisability of 
holding the Gathering next year at Perth or 
Inverness, and it wa.s finally decided to make 
enquiries, and should it be found that no sufficient 
inducement was forthcoming the .secretaries were 
empowered to report to the executive, and hold 
the Mild in Oban as before. The election of 
office-bearers followed. Lord Archibald Campbell 
was reelected president, and Mr. John Mackay. 
C.E., -LP., Hereford ; Dr. MacGregor. M.P. ; and 
Mr. Birkmyre, M.P., were added to the list of 
vice-presidents. The other office-bearers were 
re-ap]ioiuted. 

Evening Concert. 

A grand Gaelic concert was held in the Gathering 
Hall, every seat being filled long before the adver- 
tised time to commence. The principal feature ol 
the ]irogramme was the rendering of several songs 
liy tin: ciimliined choirs, under the leadership of 
Mr. Archibald Ferguson, and the spirit and taste 
with which these melodies were given evoked 
the enthusiasm of the audience. Miss Jessie N. 
MacLachlan rendered several songs in her usual 
excellent style, and solos were also given by 
Misses M. A. MacKechnie, Lizzie Mackay, Mary 
MacDoiiald, Kate MacDonald (with Cli'irsach 
aicnnipaniment) ; and Mr. Angus MacDonald, 
(ilc-mne, delighted the audience with his spirited 
reuderiiig of " Gabhaidh sinn an rathad mor." 

PrE.SENT.4TIONS. 

During the course of the evening Lord Archibald 
Campbell jiresented Mr. Archibald Ferguson, Con- 
ductor, Glasgow St. Coliniilia Church (iaelic Choir, 
with a conductor's baton, wliicli bore the following 
inscription — "To Archil)ald Ferguson, for inval\ia- 
ble services in the cause of Celtic music, from the 
President at Gban Mod, 1893." 

The members of the Inveraray Pipe Band, whose 
services were much appreciated during the day, 
were each [ireseiited with a silver medal by the 
executive of the Association. 

Mr. John Campbell, Secretary, was al.so the 
recipient of a drinking cuach from his lordship. 

The members of the executive and friends supped 
togetlier iu the Koyal Hotel, Lord Archibahl occu- 
pying the chair. Speeches were given and toasts 
drunk, and a very enjoyable time was spent. And 
so ended tins eventful day ! 



SHIELDS IN THE SCOTTISH GAELIC 
KINGDOM IN THE SECOND AND 
THIRD CENTURIES. 



Hv Lieut. -Colonel Charles Stew.*rt ("Tifrh'n Duin "), author of 

" "The Gaelic Kin-jdoin in Scotland and its Celtic Church ;" 

•■ Killin Collection of Poetrv and .Musii-," &c. 



;^,TR^HEN tlie Gaels (also known as Fion oi- 
miW S'^-'-O settled iu the Irish nu.l Scottish 



>T''^ (iaeldoius tliey hroii^lit with them 
the knowledge of iron, its workings and uses. 

Their armourers were exceedingly expert in 
temjDering steel and making it into swords and 
other weapons. The most noted of these 
armourers was the much apjjroved Lui>i. He 
made a sword for Fiugal which became so 
notable tliat it was styled, when spoken of, as 
" MacLuin," or the son of Lnin. There would 
be no difficulty iu getting ore, as there are 
places over the Highlands where it is palpable 
that it w^as extracted — as for uistance iu Glen- 
lochy, Breadalbane ; wliilst the site of the 
armoury for working it is within a hundred 
yards from my o\\u door. As 1 liavt; already 
shown.'' people iu that age were in such com- 
fortable circumstances that they could afford 
to buy them, and as their lives dejjended on 
their swords and shields there can be no doubt 
that, as to sivind-< at anyrate, the steel would 
soou replace the bronze. Indeed it may have 
done so in great part before their coming. 

The shields were iu a different category, as 
the}' were not only beautifully designed, but 
were most serviceal)le weapons. I liavc no 
doubt that with regard to them the bronze age 
considerably overlapped the iron. In later 
eras, when Norman feudalism and other 
'• isms " had done their evil work, the people 
could not atVoril to buy the best, and wood and 
leather were much used ; but, as will be seen, 
the shields of the era we are having iu view 
were, necessarily from the uses they were put 
to, made of metid. These uses also necessi- 
tated the bosses not being si.ldcrcd or affixed 
to the shield, but that they sliould be forced 
out from the metal of the shield. Tlius when 
seen at the back they looked like cups, and at 
the front like bosses. It is also most worthy 
of notice that when mentioned in tlie ancient 
Gaelic historical poems they are usually called 
cnp/ii'il and not Ixisnef/ shields. Th(\y were roimd 
in form, with a very strong margin and several 
circles, which had bossc^s varying in size and 
number within them. The middle boss was 
larger tluin tiie rest, and sometimes had a 
socket for a spike in it. 



Vol. I., page GS. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



l;5 



The Gaelic shield was kiioflTi as the Si/inlh- 
kdluch, Angliee, the spotted wiuy, ballach being 
applied to these cups or bosses. 

What showed great skill iu the armourers 
was — 

I. — That each principal shield had a sound 
of its own, easily recognised, esjiecially by the 
Bards. 

II. — That some of the bosses also had sounds 
of their own 

III. — That necessarily aU the shields must 
have been iu harmony.* These qualities, both 
in shields and special bosses, enabled the king 
and his leading champions to signal to the 
whole host, or part of it, in presence of the 
enemy. For instance, Cathmore's shield had 
seven bosses, each of which had its own sound, 
and whereby he could signal to his own force. 

We now come to the uses that the shields 
w'ere put to — 

First — before all others — was the guarding 
of the warrior from ^the swords, spears, and 
other weapons of his ojiponeuts. 

Second — Before starting on a campaign, for 
thi-ee nights the Bai'ds sang the war-song in 
the hall of assembly, accompanied by the 
sounding of a shield. 

Third — Fingal was in the habit of devolving 
the command on one of his chief champions 
for the first day of the light. A few of these 
were selected, who then took their position on 
the top of a knoU, and soimded their shields 
with all their might, and on the chiefs of the 
Bards fell the duty of fixing upon the one 
whose shield sounded the loudest. This they 
could do, as each shield had its own sound. 

Fotirt/i — The great national shield was at 
such times hung up between spears, or two 
boughs of a tree, beside the commander's tem- 
poraiy abode. When the champicm selected to 
lead on the first day failed iu achieving more 
than a drawn battle, this shield was sounded to 
intimate to the host that the conamander- in- 
chief himself would lead on the morrow. 
Fingal, as was his wont, would have intervened 
sooner if there was any risk of a defeat, but as 
there was not he delayed so as to give the 
chosen leader every chance on that day. 

Fijt/i — It was sounded as a warning before 
the battle commenced. 

Si.rt/i — Dm-ing the advance, which was led by 
the Bards, chanting the march, occasionally 
the whole host broke in, str ikin g their shields 
with furious battle-clang. 

Serentli — On the defeat of the enemy the 
host were recalled from the pm-suit by the 
sound of the shield. 



Vol. I., page 69. 



Eighth — Cups from their shields were laid 
beside the warriors iu their graves. Toscar 
and Ossian did so when raisiug a memorial 
stone to those killed in battle. It is not said 
that cups were also cut on the memorial stones, 
l)ut it is certain that they were. These cup- 
in. irked stones and rocks are found over all 
parts of Britain inhabited by Celts, and it is 
(jur tradition that they were cut in honour of 
depaited heroes. In Breadalbane, to my own 
knowledge, a cup-marked stone was almost 
invarial)ly found near our biu-ial circles. I had 
myself the satisfaction of ojiening a mound at 
Dalraoch, Fortingal, on which one of these 
stones had stood, and found therein the re- 
mains of a skeleton.* Sometimes it is a stone 
with one cup mark, as in this case, and some- 
times it is a rock with a very large number of 
cups. The two finest specimens of this I have 
met with was at Craggantoll, in Breadalbane, 
and Almais Rock, in Yorkshire. 

Then the term ballach is both applied to 
shields and cup-marked stones. The invariable 
tradition of the Gaels is, as just said, that 
the cups were in honour of departed heroes. 
When on stones singly, they must represent 
one exceptionally distinguished hero, and when 
on rocks in great numbers, they must rejDreseut 
many heroes fallen in battle in some sjjot near 
l)y them. My explanation of the wherefore of 
the cup marks is inteUigible, and, I think, 
satisfactory to any Gael who kuows his own 
country thoroughly, with its history, annals, 
traditions, customs, names of places, and monu- 
ments. This intelligibOity is very difl'er- 
ent from planet-worship and other imaginary 
theories of the haziest kind. The (iaels had 
no worship of the heavenly bodies. There was 
a race in our Gaeldom Ijefore w"e Gaels who 
did worship the sun and moon. This, too, 
seems to be nearly all we have got about them. 
Indeed, as far as I know, the skeleton which I 
found in the mound at Bruach, Glenlyon,f is 
the only nearly perfect one which has yet been 
found. 

The bossed shields and cup-marked stones 
are still more closely alhed to each other Ijy 
the type of design that characterises both of 
them. Thus we have a metal shield with Imt 
one circle of bosses at the circumference, and 
others with several concentric cuxies of alter- 
nate bosses and spaces from the centre to the 
circumference. One found at Harlech, in 
^^'ales, has a number of bosses irregularly 
placed wthin the centre circle, and seven con- 
centric cuxies (but no bossed ones) from 
thence to the circumference. | We have also 

* Proc. Soc. Antiq., Scot., 1883 84, p. 376. 

+ Proc. Soc. Antiq., Scot., 1884-85, p. 39. 

J See "Stone Monuments," by Waring (1»78), plate. 79 



u 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



leathern shields with the same mauncr of 
circles anil s])aces, the bosses being repre- 
sented by nails with brass knobs, and with 
spii-al and interlaced patterns on the spaces, as 
well as various otlier de\ices — all of them, how- 
ever, conformable to the circular and circulo- 
spiral ty])e of design.* The Hiiest specimens 
of cn]i markings that I have seen are in the 
neighbourhood of Ilklcy, Yorkshire, For in- 
stance, some single cups with one or more 
cii-cular lines cut around them, and clusters of 
cujjs, with spii'al lines entwining amongst 
them. 

There are some who hanker after the mystic, 
and tind all manner of superstition in these. 
I see nothing in them but an endence of that 
sense of the beautiful and the heroic, which is 
so important a jiart of the idiosyiu'rasy of the 
Celt, and especially of the Gaelic Celt^ 

I have in my possession a very old family 
dagger, a Scotch-made " Andrea Fararra," 
which has a brass-jilate at the end of the 
handle with the ancient arms (jf the Stewarts 
of Appin engraved ou it. Underneath is a 
copy of it from a drawing made for me by my 
friend, Dr. Brigham, of London. 




The execution of the original engraving 
shows how old it is. In each of two of the 
compartments we have a galley of Lome. In 
other two we have the fesse cheque of the 
Apjjin Stewarts, representing the (jrdcr in 
which they fought, and which seems to me to 
be a forestalling of oui- present mode of slur- 
mishing. Then we have threi; compartments 
with cu]) marks. It is also interesting to state 
tlmt the edges u{ this shield i'C]ii'(scntutive are 
dented, lik(' those of one which had seen service 



* These, of course, are of a later period tlian the Srd 
and 4th centuries, but, doubtless, tlic reproduction of 
the older designs. 



in the hands of a chamjjion.f T<j have dents 
on the shield was honourable, to have it broken 
was looked upon as disgraceful. The Gael 
was from his infancy taught the use of the 
broadsword, and even so must it have been 
with regard to the shields, for miless he had 
the full knowledge and C(jiumand of them he 
could not i)resent the proper angle to receive 
the arrow in its flight, the spear in its cast, or 
the sword in its cut, and thus the shield would 
be broken. The most intensely beautiful use 
made of this cujj-marking is by Ossian, in a 
notable passage, in which he tells us that this 
earth is to pass awaj-, leaving nought behind it 
but a mist, on which is recorded by cups the 
deeds of the good and mighty. Tke word he 
uses as to this mist is Oallac/i, which wc have 
seen was applied to cup-marked rocks and 
stones, and also to shields. The cups on 
these represented dming the existence of 
time, glorious deeds done on this earth, 
whilst those on the mist represented the same 
deeds when earth and earthly time hail passed 
away for ever. Such at least was Ossian's 
woudi'ously beautiful conception, flowing from 
the Gael's subhme belief in the spirit's innnor- 
tahty. For it may be asked, •• But who would 
be there to see these cups ? ' "Who but those 
Gaels whom he believed would, when their 
"spirits," or ''I ams," parted from their souls 
and bodies, jJass into a heavenly region, not of 
mere contemplative idleness, but of glorious 
activity. 

t Carried by Uonald Stewart at I'inkie, 1547. See 
" (jcneal. .Stewarts of Appiu," by J. H. J. Stewart 
and Col. Duncan Stewart (ISSO), p. lljS. 



CLAiN Mackay Society. — We have just received 
a cheque for £40 from Mr. John Mackay, C.E., 
J. P., Herefi>rd, tuward.s the clan Bursary Fiind, 
for which truly handsome donation wo l)eg to 
tender liini our sincerest thanks. This is the third 
liberal contribution Mr. Mackay has made to this 
object. 

A Gaelic and English Concert is to be held in 
the Assembly Kooius, Bath Street, on Friday, Gtli 
October, in aid of the widow and orphans of the 
late J. Campbell, who was known to many Glasgow 
Celts. We hope thero will be a large attendance. 

The Gaelic Society's Concekt takes place in 
the Lesser Waterloo Rooms, on Tuesday, 24th 
Dctober. 

Note. — As we go to press we observe that 
Archdeacon Sinclair, has just been appointed a 
chaplaiii-in-orilinary to the Oueon. 
Q VERY . 

i\L\(, Ciu.MiLi;. — To what clan do the Mac Crin- 
dlos belong ( 1 liave been told they l)eliiiig to the 
clan llanakl — the name being a corruption of Mac 
linouxMl, or Mao Ranald. 

A. RoNALll. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



15 



JOHN MACFADYEN, GLASGOW. 



Ipp'IIHERE are few Celts in Glasgow better known 
yE/ *'' ""'" countrymen than tlie genial author 
'j-^IX of .-111 t-EUetiniich. His presence is a fami- 
liar one at our HiL;hland gatherings, and 
when lie mounts the platform to sing one of his 
aniusing songs, in his own inimitable way, his recep- 
tion is always hearty and appreciative. Mr. John 
MacFadyen was 
born at Balivullen, 
in the Island 
of Mull, on 20th 
Way, 1850. When 
about eighteen 
years of age he re- 
moved to Ardrish- 
aig, where he en- 
tered the service of 
Mr. Angus Mac- 
La i n e, late of 
Fascadale. It was 
;it concerts held 
there, presided over 
by Provost Reid, 
that Mr. MacFad- 
yen made his dehi'tl 
as an exponent of 
our sweet Gaelic 
songs. His next 
appearance was at 
tlie Saturday even- 
ini; Gaelic concerts 
in the Crown Halls, 
Glasgow, w h i c h 
were conducted 
under the auspices 
of the old ('o)nuii>i 
(r a i (I h ea I e a c Ji 
Ghlaschu. The 
great success whicli 
attended those 
splendid concerts 
was principally due 
to the enthusiasm 
and patriotism of 
Mr. Duncan Sharp, 

who not only originated the concerts, but for seve- 
ral j-ears presided over them with much acceptance. 
Mr. Sharp's valuable services in the early days of 
the Gaelic revival in Glasgow will not soon be for- 
gotten. In connection with these concerts, which 
were afterwards continued in the Assembly Rooms, 
Bath Street, where they are still held, it is inter- 
esting to remember the names of several popular 
singers, such as Donald Graham (now in Oban), 



has 
years 
office ■ 
the 
lona 



James Johnstone (Craignish), Malcolm MacFarlane 
(otBunawe), Murdoch .MacRae (Lochalsh), James 
Sinclair (now at Furnacel, Hugh Stewart (Partick), 
and Pipe-Major A. R. MacLeod (London), who 
took part with John MacFadyen in these weekly 
gatherings. In 1890, Mr. MacFadyen i)ublished a 
handsome vohnne, entitled An t-E'dtaaach, which 
contained some eighty Gaelic songs, poems, and 
readings. That the work was welcomed by High- 
landers is evidenced by the fact that the large 
edition is already 
nearly exhausted. 
Mr. MacFadyen 
for several 
lieen an 
bearer i n 
Mull and 
A.ssociation, 
the Gaelic Society 
of Glasgow, and 
other Highland 
Societies. It may 
be also mentioned 
that Mr. MacFad- 
yen won the first 
prize for original 
Gaelic prose at 
the Muil competi- 
tion last year. A 
complimentary con- 
cert was held on 
22nd February, 
1892, in honour of 
the subject of our 
sketch, which was 
a great success. On 
that occasion Mr. D. 
R. Mackinnon, a 
brother bard, com- 
posed a Gaelic 
toast, which very 
aptly expresses the 
best wishes of Mr. 
MacFadyeu's many 
friends, and with 
which we may fitly 
conclude this brief 
sketch : 
" Slainte gu'n robh aig gach neach, 
'S aig an neach a thubhairt e, 
'S gu ma pailt' e aig a' mhac 

'Thug a niach cuideachd sinn, 
Saoghal fada dha cu-dhiu, 

Cliii dha 's gun deireas air, 
'S gu ma fada 'seinn a chiiiil 
Ughdar an "Eileinich." 
Glasgow. Akchibald Sinclair. 




AM FRAOCH. 



O, fiiilt' air do bhadain 
Is ciibhraidh na'n caineal, 
O, failt' air do bhadain 

'S do niheangain air raon ; 
Tha 'choisir bhinn ghreannar 
A' gleusadh gu fonnar, 



'S an trusganaibh sanihraidh 
Air gleannta mo ghaoil. 

'S tu sgeadaich na'n ailleachd, 
Na fuar-bheannailili arda, — 
Gheibh feudag'us tarmachan 

Bias o gach gaotli ; 
'S tu fas leis a' mh'islean, 



16 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Air coinlinarcl nam fntlipan, 
'S gu 'n cuiiihlaicli thu 'n ditliein, 
Aig isleach nan caol. 

Giir sogliar mar bhiadli tlui, 
Dli-euin ruadlia, 's do'n liatli-chirc, 
Tlia (Icidh aig an fhiadh ort 

Air riasgaibh nam maol ; 
Gur guamacli a dli-flias thu, 
Oun saothair nan lamlian, 
'S na cluaineagan fasail 

Tha nadurra saor. 

Theid tleasgach do 'n condiian, 
'S tu 'in broilieach a cliota, 
Bad iirail ran 'ni pr5iseil. 

An oigiidh 's an t-aosd'; 
'Nuair cheanglas an rililiiun, 
A dualan s an t-sioda, 
'Toirt buaidh air gach riouihadh 

Tha niln gliasan fraoich. 

Tha t' fliaileas a' dealradh, 
'Am fioruisg' na steallaire, 
Ri 'n leum am breac tara-gheal 

Gu nicaninaeh ri d' thaobh ; 
Ni do bharr gorm mireag, 
'An cuairteig na linne, 
Le luath-slirutli an fliirich 

'S fo sliile nan craobh. 

Fo chaoin dhealt nan speuran, 
'S an 6g mhaduinn cheitein, 
No 'lasadh nan sleitibii 

Ri grein air gach taobli ; 
Bidh seillein le ciirani 
A' deoglial do chiiirnein, 
'S tu ncamhnaid is niiiirniche 

'N duthaicli nan laoch. 

Tlia m6ran ga 'm buaireadli, 
An inbhe nan uaibhreacli, 
'S trie cadal gle luaincach 

Air cluasagan njaoth ; 

De sholas cha d' fhiiair iad 

'N am diisgadh a 'ni Ijruadar, 

Na glieibh mii do bruachan 

Am buacliaiile laogh. 

John ArArFADYicN. 
[Mr. MacFadven, was successful in j^ainiug 
three prizes at the Oban Mod. \Vc have nuich 
pleasure in giving above the poem which gained 
second prize in that competition.] 

The Clan MacLkan Gathkkino takes place in 
the Queen's Rooms, Glasgow, on Friday, 27tli 
Oct., Col. Sir Fitzroy D. MacLean, Hart., Chief ..f 
the Clan, in the Chair. 

\Vf HKiiitET that we have been C()ni|iolled to 
hold over till next issue a jiatriotic ]iueni by Neil 
MacUonald, New York, entitled ■■ " The awakening 
of the Gael," continuation of the " Roll of the Reay 
FencibleS)" and other interesting contributions. 



PRIZE COMPETITIONS. 

Tuiioucin the characteristic generosity of INIr. 
Charles FraserMackintosh of Drumniond. we 
are enabled to offer jirizes for two eonipetitions 
— one in Gaelic and the other in English, so 
that all our readers may have an opportunity 
of competing. The ^jrizes arc as follows : — 

Gaelic Piiie. 
I. — One Guinea for the Best Original Gaelic 
Biogi'ajDhical Sketch of any of the follow- 
ing bards, with examples from their 
works: — Duncan Ban MacTutyre. Boh 
Donn Jlackaj', Alistau- JIacDonald, 
William Boss, Dugald Buchanan, Dr. 
MacLachlan of Bahoy ; or, if the competi- 
tors prefer, they may write an essay upon 
any of the follo\\ing subjects : — '' Gaehc 
Humorous Songs," " Patriotic Songs," or 
"Laments." 
The papers must be original, and not mere 

translations of biograjihies or sketches which 

have already appeai'ed in pruit. 

English Prizes. 
II. — One Guinea for the Best Tradition 
(hitherto unpublished) relating to any 
part of the Highlands and Islands. 

{/Css(i'/s far the above competitions must not 
exceed 'MOO words.) 

Miss Katherine Mackay, Fort-William, Bel 
fast, kindly offers a sijecial i)rize of 

III — Five Shillings for the Best Unpublished 
Tradition Relating to the lica\' Country-. 
Not to exceed 1000 words. 

liiiles. — Any reader of the Celtic Montldi/ may 
compete. All compositions must be signed by 
a iinni-de-pliiiiie only, each MS. being accom- 
panied by a sealed envelope with the nom de- 
plumi: written on the outside, and enclosing a 
sli]) bearing the competitor's name and address. 
The competition papers will be examined by 
imjjartial and competent judges, whose 
award will be final. All manuscripts must 
reach the Editor of the Celtic .Wontld//, 17 
Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgow, not later 
than Wednesday, 1st November, li>'.)'<i. 

The prize papei"s will be published in the 
Moiitldi/, as well as any of the unsuccessful 
compositions which may be deenu'd worthy of 
insertion. 



Jons Cami'iiki.l, Lkdaiu, Tektimonial. — Wo 
beg to acknowledge, with thanks, a contribution 
of ]()s. towards this worthy object from Mr. Noil 
MacLeod, 22 Viewfurth Gardens, Edinburgh. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



HIGHLAND PLACES WORTH VISITING. 



No. 2.-C LENFINNAN. 



r\rl^F' H I L E few are doubtless prepared to 
^\u\/ij to deny tliat the desif^imtion 



' brilliant 
'^W^lS blunder," as applied to the historic 
rising of '45, is but too true and expressive, the 
episode has still a wonderful fascination for the 
Celt, and the localities which were the scene of 
any of the leading incidents in that brief drama 
]iossess an attraction unimpaired by years, and 
awaken sentiments akin to awe and reverence. 
Such a place is the lonely Glenfinnan, where 
Piince Charlie raised his standard on the 19th 
August, O.S., ni5. On crossing from Borro- 



dale to Moidart Prince Charlie learned that the 
more loyal clans were mustering throughout the 
various districts. Landing at Glenuig, he was 
met by a crowd of the loyal natives, including 
some of the oldest men in the district — and such 
was their enthusiasm that eight, of the oldest 
ceatharnaicli danced a reel in the presence of the 
Prince — the spirited tune which put metal in 
the heels of those octogenarians being long 
afterwards known as Ochd fir Mliiddeart — "The 
Eight Men of Moidart." The Prince then made 
his way to Kinlochmoidart, where he remained 




for a few days. It liaving been arranged that 
the Prince was to meet the loyal chiefs with 
tlieir clansmen at Glenfinnan, by the shores of 
Loch Shell, he proceeded thither and anxiously 
waited the arrival of Lochiel and his Cameron 
men. When the Prince's patience was well 
nigh exhausted the sound of the bagpipes was 
heard, announcing the approach of the " gentle 
Lochiel " with a strong following — 

"Their sworda are a thousand, their bosoms are one." 

These brave men advanced in two lines of 
three men deep, while between the lines were a 
party of soldiers unarmed, taken at High Bridge, 



trophies of the first victory of the Jacobites. 
The Camei'ons were immediately followed by the 
MacDonalds of Keppoch. The Prince was so 
elated by the presence of these gallant High- 
landers that he immediately declared open war 
against the Elector of Hanover, and the royal 
standard having been blessed by Bishop Hugh 
MacDonald, was unfurled to the breeze. The 
army sent up a shout which rent the air, and a 
hundred hills echoed applause. The standard is 
said to have been of silk and twice the size of 
an ordinary banner, and its colours were red, 
white, and blue. The Marquis of TuUibardine 
was favoured by unfurling this historic 



18 



THE CELTIC I^rONTHLY. 



gonfalon and it was afterwards carried liack liv 
him to the ijiiarters of the Prince, surrounded 
by a guard of tifty Camerons. 

What a contrast Glenfinnan of to-day pre- 
sents to what it must have been at that eventful 
period. Then all was life and activity, pipers 
playing, banners flying, chiefs and clansmen in 
battle array— 

" Fierce in their native hardiness of soul, 
True to imagined right beyond control ! " 

Now in that glen silence reigns supreme. Low 
down in the plain, near the silver waters of 
Loch Shiel, stands the stately cenotaph to 
Prince Charles Edward Stuart, erected by Alex. 
MacDonald, Glenaladale, in 1825. The statue 
which surmounts the column, represents him 
looking up the glen for the Camerons. It bears 
the following inscription in Gaelic : — 

" 'Fhir astair, ma's miann leat luaidh air sgeul 
ainmeil nan lAithean a threig, thig dlfith asjus dean 
iinilachd : .So an t-;\ite anns an d'fhoillsich I'rionnsa 
Teiirlach a Bhratach, 'n uair a sgaoil am firean og a 
egiathan a'm mor chilis 'anma a chosnadli na rioghachd 
a chain 'athraichean, agus a thilg se e f(-in gun chomh- 
nadh gim charaid an uchd tiiighantach nam Flath 
nieamnach, 's nan laoch treuna a thogair ciridh gun 
athadh, a dhiol a clu'.rach no 'chall am beatha. Mar 
chuindnie air an Rioghalachd an dilseached agus an 
cruadal anns gacli gAbhadli a lean ; Chaidli an Tiir .so 
thogail leis an uguasal urramach Alastair Domhnull- 
ach, Tiiath Ghlinnealadail ; a chaochail Beatha an 
rJim-eidionn, Bliadlina mdcccxxv. An Tiis 'Aidh." 

There is a similar inscription in Latin and 
English, the latter of which is as follows : 

"On the spot where Prince Charles Edward first 
raised his standard, on the i9th day of Au"nst, 1745 
when he made the daring and romantic atten'iijt to 
recover a throne, lost by the imprudeiicu of his ances- 
tors, this colunui was erected \,y Alexander Macdonald, 
Esq. of (Jlenaladale, to commemorate the generous zeal', 
tlie undaunted bravery, and the inviolable (idelity of 
his forefathers, and the rest of those wlio fought and 
, bled in tliat unfortunate enterprise.— This pillar is now, 
alas : als(j become the monument of its amiable and 
accomi)lished founder, who, before it w.as tinished, died 
in Edinbiu-gh on the 4th day of January, IS'.'.'), at the 
early age of twenty-eight years." 

Glenfinnan is about 17 miles from Fort- 
William, but perhaps the easiest way to "et 
there is by taking Mr. MacBrayne's" steamer 
from Oban to Sah^i, Loch Sunart, and drive to 
Sheil-bridge Jfotcl, ii distance of some four 
miles. About two miles from this hotel is the 
famous Castle Tirrim, once tlie stronghold 
of (Jlanranald, hoary with age and steeped in 
liistoric associations. A steamer sails from the 
iShcil Bridge end of Loch .Shell to tilenfinnan 
at the other, and in this way tourists Imve a 
splendid o])portunity of visiting the various 
places of interest in the vicinity and gazing on 
the romantic scenery of the district. 



THE INFLUENCE OF GAELIC MUSIC 
ON LOWLAND SONG. 



By .M.vlcolm MacFarl.\ne. 



fT is not any part of my purpose to show 
the influence of Gaelic music on the poeti- 
— cal thought and feeling of Lowland son". 
That subject is of too intangible a nature to be 
gra]ipled with e.xeept by those who have gone 
deeply into the study of the music and song of 
the three races which inhabit the United King- 
dom. My wish in this brief article is merely to 
draw attention to a field of research wliich, 
being mostly of a technical nature, offers conj- 
paratively little difficulty, is interesting in itself 
and worthy of more consideration than it has, 
so far as I am aware, hitherto received. 

There is nothing more patent to those who 
understand Gaelic music and song than that 
there is a singular rhythmical correspond- 
ence between the words and the music. So 
much is this the case that we are forced to the 
conclusion that the poetical and musical styles 
of Gaelic song grew up together. In the name 
"Gaelic" I include Irish. The Irish and Scot- 
tish sections of Gaelic music have a great deal 
in common ; and it is impossible in many cases 
to say whether a tune "belongs primarily to 
Ireland or to Scotland. At the same time, the 
one people have predilections for certain styles, 
while the other people have predilections for 
others quite diflerent. For instance, we find in 
Irish music the frequent occurrence of one note 
repeated three times in the final cadences of 
their tunes, as will be seen in the example fol- 
lowing, named " Slan heb." This peculiarity is 
rare in Scottish Gaelic music. Something like 
it is found in "Thug mi 'n oidhche 'n raoir 
sunndach." On the other hand, it may be 
noted as a peculiarity of Scottish Gaelic music, 
that its final cadences very freijuently end on a 
non-rest note — i.e., any note which is not do/i or 
/ah — commonly rai/ and soft, as the tune follow- 
ing, named " An teid thu leam," illustrates. It 
is a labour song — in fact a rowing song ; and it 
is felt that it is meant to go on and on, rest being 
the one thing not wanted. Another peculiarity 
of Scottish Gacilic song is the frequency with 
which lines end on the unaccented .syllable. 
This is due to the fact that the words of the 
language are to a large extent disyllabic and 
trisyllable, with the accent invariably on the 
fiist syllable. In consequence of this, musical 
cadences of • — • ^ and — v^ ^ are very common. 
In contrast to this fact, the English language 
lias a very large proportion of its words of one 
.syllable, and ]irefers, in consequence, the strong 
nnte as a llnul one, as -.^ — and ^. v . In 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



19 



regard to the style of musical stanza, the Irish 
people have a strong predilection for one consist- 
ing of two strains for the first two lines of the 
verse, reversed for the second two lines, as the 
following tune illustrates : — 
Slan Bed. 
Kci F. 
:d.r tn:li :ti Id :~; n.f I s:-:n.d|r:d:d I d:— : 

:d.r 1 n: d :r Id':— :t.dM 1 :-: 1 .s lni:d :r 1 n :— : 



:ri.r I ri : d : r 1 d':— :t .d' 1 1 



. s 1 n : d : r ! ri :- 



:n.r | n : h :ti | d:— . r:n.f | s ;— : n.d | r :d:d I d:— : 

The style of which the above is a type is also 
found in the Scottish Highlands ; but not to the 
large extent which prevails in Ireland. In the 
Highlands the third line is never an exact re- 
petition of the second. Perljajis the nearest 
api)roach to this Irish type which I could suggest 
is " Kilean a' cheo," or "Muilenara beann arda," 
by the writer (see Vol. I., page 134). Both in 
Ireland and Scotland there are numerous develop- 
ments of this type which displav little repetition 
beyond the final cadence of the tune being the 
same as that of the first line. But, nevertheless, 
it is perfectly evident that such tunes are 
developments of the simpler type referred to. 

Turning now to the consideration of Scottish 
Gaelic music and song, we find the favourite 
stanza to be one in which the first three lines 
rhyme to one another and the last one rhymes 
to the final line of every succeeding verse. This 
is not a diliicult kind of rhyme in a language 
which, like the Gaelic, only requires vowel 
rhyme. But in the case of English, which 
recpiires consonantal rhyme as well as vowel 
rhyme, it is much more difficult, particularly if 
the verses are numerous. The following little 
gem of a tune, already referred to, illustrates the 
type of stanza under consideration in its most 
primitive form : 

An teid thu leam. 
Key V. 

: d' 1 1 : - . s : 1 I r : - : 



r . ri 1 f : 1 

: d' 1 1 : - 

|d:- 



. s I n 
1 I r 



I n : r 



Having said so much for Gaelic music and 
song, how does it bear upon Lowland song '? 
Taking into consideration the linguistic difter- 
ences between the Gaelic language and the 
English, previously referred to, we would expect 
that there would lie a difficulty in adapting 
English words to Gaelic airs. This is just what 
we find to be the case ; and numerous are the 
devices which are used to get over the difficulty. 
These will be seen in the followinr; lines which 



occur to nie. " Where ha'e ye been sae braw, 
lad ^ where ha'e ye been sae brankie, O ) " 
" Clavers and his Hieland men cam down upon 
the raw, man," " Ye're welcome, Whigs, tae 
Bothwell Brigs; your malice is but zeal, boys," 
and so on. All the ''lad's," " O's," "man's" 
" boys," ifcc , are but devices to make up for the 
poverty of rhyming material capable of suiting 
the musical character of the tunes. Besides 
these devices, there is the other very common 
one of repeating the same word at the end of all 
the verses of a song, for which we need no 
quotation, as many examples will occur to the 
reader. But there is one song among those of 
Lowland Scotland, for which the author has not 
had to have recourse to any device to make up 
for the poverty of ihyming material. I mean 
" Scots wha ha'e." It is almost the only Low- 
land song exemplifying the favourite Scottish 
Gaelic stanza, which has not the final rhymes of 
each verse on the same word ; and, even in its 
case, the rhyme is strained — '• victory ' and 
" slavery " not being particularly happy as 
rhymes for "free" and " Hee." In connection 
with this tune, there is a still further evidence 
of the probability of its being Gaelic in the fact 
that it ends on soli, a non-rest note. Chambers, 
in his " Songs Prior to Burns," writes as fol- 
lows ; — " All that we know with any certainty 
of the history of Tuttie Taittie is, that it was the 
spirited air of a certain Jacobite song, which, 
from a historical allusion in one of its verses, 
may be jjresumed to have been composed about 
the 3'ear 1718." The song referred to is 
'■ Here's to the king, sir." Jacobitism is itself 
suggestive of a northern extraction. I might 
enumerate a large number of examples of the 
same nature, but space will not allow it. I 
therefore proceed to the illustration of the part 
which the Irish style of stanza plays in Lowland 
song. 

Perhajjs the tune best suited to my purpose 
is "Will ye go to Flanders, IMally, O!" I 
should like — but dare not encroach on the space 
at my disposal — to exhibit the various sets of 
this tune which are current in Ireland and 
and Scotland. I must content myself with 
giving the Lowland Scotch set, which is as 
follows : — 

Will ye go to Flandeks, Mally, 0? 
Key F. 

I s .,1 : s .n I 1 : d'.d' I s ,n .- : r ., d | d : 

|d'.,t : d'.r' I t : 1 .s |l.,t : 1 .,s I s : 

ld'.,t : d'.r' I d.t : 1 . s II . d' : s . n | s : 

|d'.,t : 1 .s I 1 .t : d' .d' I s ,n .- : r ., d | d : 
This tune is no other than a form of our own 
well-known "Mo JIhaili bheag ug" and "Gu ma 
slan a chf mi," the Irish " Gramachree," " The 



20 



THE CELTIC ]\IONTHLY 



harp that once through Tara's hall," " Molly 
Astore," and " Little Molly, O." The evidences 
are all in favour of its Irish origin. In four 
songs sung to it, we find " Molly " or " Mally." 
"Mally " is not a Lowland Scotch name. Nor 
for that matter is it common in the Highlands. 
It is a form of " Mary," due to a tendency 
among Irish Gaels to confound the consonants 
/ and r with one another, as may be seen in the 
use of the fe for ri, which latter is the old Irish 
and the modern Scottish furm of the word. 
Uesides tliis it is perfectly evident that the tune 
is a modification of the Irisli type previously 
illustrated by " Sli'in be6." It is quite natural 
to expect Irish music in Lowland Scotland. 
There were two channels by which it could 
make an entrance for itself — one through the 
Highlands and the other through Galloway. It 
is a fact that numerous tunes belonging to the 
Borders and to Buchan are constructed much 
after (Jaelic styles. 

It is needless to continue the analysis further. 
It would require much research and consider- 
alile study to .set forth the suliject in a thorough 
manner. 15ut I think I have demonstrated 
that there is plenty of scope for the expenditure 
of labour in both. It is quite possible a wider 
knowledge might cause some of the opinions put 
forward here to be modified ; but it seems to me 
that, in the main, what may be termed Lowland 
Scottish style, in music and song, has its foun- 
dation in Gaelic music. 



R E VI EWS. 



"Scottish Gaelic as a Spkcific Subject" (Glas- 
gow : A. Sinclair, price Is.)— To anyone familiar 
with existing grammars of the Gaelic language the 
lirst glance at the present work is apt to give rise 
t(i some apjiroliension, for the arranjjement of it is 
i|uite out of the beaten track of former compilers. 
'I'hose who have hitherto sought to enlighten >is 
regarding the grannnar of our language have 
tliout;ht it jjroper to consti'uct their eflorta after 
the model of Latin grammars — paying little or no 
attention to modern jjrogress, even in the way of 
jirescnting the construction of a language to learners. 
We are glad to fnul that the Connnittee entrusted 
with the preparation of the (Jaelic handbook have 
had the courage of their oiiinions, and have, as 
(hey tlienisi^lves express it, " ^'one oil' the beaten 
track, judging; it best to exhibit the structure of 
the language in a way suited to itself, without 
having undue regard to conventional methods." 
The work is consequently no hash iqi of exi.sting 
grammatical d'lcin, but is distinctly oi-if^inal in its 
treatment of the subject of (iaelic grannnar, pre- 
SLMiting it in a manner so attractive that no one 
interested in the language can fail to tind the 
]ier\iHal of the work pleasant study. The matter is 
carefully arranged, each ]iarai>riq>h and section 
leading up to that which follows. Section I. is 



devoted to the leading principles of Gaelic spelling. 
It has been remarked that "Gaelic is a language 
which few can read and nobody can spell," but a care- 
ful stiuly of the rules here laid down shoidd make 
the spelling of the language a matter of easy 
acquisition by any i)erson who speaks it freely. 
The second section deals with words in composition 
— i.e., as they affect one another in speech. The 
mode of presenting this is very interesting ; and 
we here find many of the jjeculiarities of the 
language accounted for. The scope of other 
sections of the work may be learned from their 
headings: — Section III. — Word Formation and 
Development ; Section IV. — The Function of 
Words ; Section V. — The Inflections of Words. 
These are followed by an exhaustive Table of 
Numerals, which cannot fail to be valuable to 
pupils. There are numerous carefully graded 
exercises throughout the work, as well as copious 
Gaelic-English and English-Gaelic vocabularies. 
The work has been most carefully printed, and 
reflects great credit on the publisher. The Cmiuuin 
(ia'idhcaJach, vnider whose auspices the work 
appears, is to be congratulated on the manner in 
which their Committee have discharged the trying 
and difScult duty entrusted to them. It remains 
now for School Boards and teachers to do their 
part ; and we prophecy easy and rapid progress on 
the ])art of the children if the order of the work 
now liefore us is faithfully adhered to. After a 
careful, unprejudiced perusal of " Scottish Gaelic 
as a S]iecitic Subject," we do not hesitate to say 
that Gaelic f^rnnnnar has by its publication been 
raised to a higher platform and placed in line with 
the knowledge which obtains among scientific 
thinkers in the realm of language. 



Au Gdodhal (Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.)— We 
cordially welcome our Celtic friend from New York. 
The August number is full of interesting matter, 
a good jiart of it being printed in Irish character. 
It prints a poem entitled Aii (laidhad air Leaha 
Baix, with the remark, "This bea\itifidly pathetic 
lamentation was sent to us, among others, by Miss 
Jessie Maclntyre, of Grove Park, Kent, England. 
It is a question if there be a more beautiful or more 
sentimental song in the language." It may interest 
the editor t)f The Chict to know that the poem is by 
our well-known contributor " Fiunn," and that it 
appears, with a translation by the author, in his 
popular volume, " Tlie Celtic Gnyhuul." We cor- 
dially reciiirocate the good wishes of The (tael 
towards ourselves. 



The Gaelic Jonrmil (Maynooth College, Ireland). 
— The number for J>dy contains a rich collection of 
specimens of Irish jis now spoken in various dis- 
tricts of the coinitry. The provincialisms are not 
more marked than they are among the Gaelic- 
speaking i)eople of Scotland. We have also several 
8i)ecimens of Irish ])oetry and a number of pojiular 
Irish jjroverbs, which are extremely interesting. 
Fi'om ills " Notes on Scottish Gaelic," it is appar- 
ent that the learned editor, Professor O'Growney, 
is abreast of all that is going on among the "sea- 
divided Gael." .1 li-uih Uttlia dha. 




ALLAN CAMERON OF LUNDAVRA, 

(Chk/tiua (// the Clan Vaincivn.J 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 



No. 2. Vol. II] 



A M:4GAZINE FOS HIGHL:4NDEfiS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 

NOVEMBER, 1893. 



[Price Threepence. 



ALLAN CAMERON OF LUNDAVRA. 



^^(jii- ALLAN CAMERON, whose portrait 
«K|b ■^^'6 liave pleasure in presenting to our 
iMValL readers with this issue, is the hneal 
representative of the ancient House of Luu- 
davra, and is, we l)eHeTe, the senior hereditary 
Chieftain of the Clan Cameron. He traces his 
descent in an unbroken Hne from John, second 
son of A i/ciiii. nail Cieac/i, chief of Loehiel, by his 
wife Mariot, daughter of Angus MacDonell, 
2nd of Keppoch, grandson of the Lady 
Margaret, who was a daughter of Iiing Robert 
the Second of Scotland. 

INIr. Cameron was born in Irelaud, in ISJtl, 
and is maternally connected with that country 
through the Colcloughs of Tiutern Abbey, Co. 
Wexford. 

When If) years of age he became an officer 
in the Royal Irish Constabulary, in which 
corps he has done good service for his 
country, for which he has been thanked by 
Government, and rewarded with rapid pro- 
motion. He is now Assistant Inspector- 
General of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and 
also a Divisional Commissioner, in which latter 
capacitj' he is charged with the preservation of 
the j)eace, and is dii-ectly responsible to the 
Irish Government for the good order of his 
Division, wliich comprises one-fifth part of 
Ii'eland. He has at his disposal for this pur- 
pose all the forces of the Crov\Ti, civil and 
mihtary, located within the boimds of his Di^■i- 
sion. It will therefore be seen that the subject 
of our sketch occupies a very responsible posi- 
tion in the "Sister Isle" 

But it is with Mr. Cameron as a Highlander 
that we wish specially to deal, for although he 
has spent most of his hfe in Ireland his heart 
is Highland, and he clings with a tenacity, 
essentially Celtic, to the traditions of his race 
and clan. Lundawa never feels more tho- 
roughly at home than when mingling with the 



members of his clan at their meetings, or when 
roaming o'er the hiUs of historic Loehaber. 
He supported his chief, Loehiel, like a true 
Cameron, at the memorable gathering wluchwas 
held in the Queen's Rooms, Glasgow, two years 
ago, when there was such a re-union of 
Camerons as had not been seen in Glasgow 
since a former Loehiel led his men into the 
city in 1745 ; and it was only last winter that 
we had the pleasure of being present at the 
second gathering of the clan, over which Mr. 
Allan Cameron presided with his characteristic 
grace and ability, and at which he delivered 
an address so fiill of patriotic fervour that it 
could not fail to awaken a responsive choi'd in 
the breast of every Highlander present Luu- 
davra is extremely popular among the mem- 
bers of his clan, and indeed it may be truly 
said of him that he is loved by all who have 
come in contact with him, l.)oth in this country 
and m Green Erin across the waters He has 
been always ready to helja the deserving, and 
to lend a friendly hand to the weak. 

We shall jjublish next month a Gaelic elegy 
composed by the famous bard, Ailean Dall, 
upon the death of Mr, Cameron's great-gTand- 
father, Allan of Lundavra, and for the benefit 
of those of our readers who do not imderstand 
Gaelic we wQl ajsioend an English translation 
l)y the late Mrs. Mary MackeUar, whose 
lamented death will be fresh in the recollection 
of our readers. 

A few words regarding the father of the sub- 
ject of this beautiful elegy may interest many. 
Allan of Lundavra was lieutenant to his chief, 
the "gentle Loehiel," on that historic occasion 
when, on the 19th of August, 1745, he marched 
with 800 of his clansmen to Glentiunan, and 
was first among the Highland clans which 
arrayed themselves under the banner of Bonnie 
Prince Charlie. This brave chieftain fell at 
the eventful battle of Preston, on the 21st 
September following, in the very moment of 
victory. 

Of Mr. Cameron we coidd write a great deal 
which, we feel siu'e, would interest oiu' readers, 
but we daresay nothing could aftbrd them 
greater satisfaction than to learn that at the 



22 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



termination of his public sei-vice Mr. Cameron 
hopes to spend the remainder of his days 
amongst the hills of Lochaber — the cradle of 
liis race— and those lone glens where oft iu the 
bygone days so 

" Willi and high the Camerons' gathering rose." 
Ei>n'OR. 



GLENORCHY'S WIDOW: 
A Legend of Lochawe. 



By TllK l">I)lTOR. 

NE day tliis aged couiforter called 
^■fiv)) ^P"'^ '"*•'' ^'"' found that she had lioen 
J'>sK> sighing more than usual. He condoled 
with her, and then said he was the unwilling 
bearer of sad news. Putting his handkercliief 
to his eyes in ijuite an afft^cting way, he ex- 
claimed : 

" My dear lady, word has just been received 
that your brave husband, Sir Colin, is dead. He 
was killed in battle with the Moors." 

Tlie fair widow gave way to a flood of tears, 
and showed .symptoms of fainting. 

" What shall 1 do," she raurnmred. " Alas ! 
now that the hope that he lives no longer sustains 
me, what is there to live for? What can I do 
alone 1" 

" My sweet lady, do not give way to such 
weakness. There is still much that you can live 
for. There is — hem ! — there is always the pros- 
pect of taking another liusband to beomoe the 
the sharer of your sorrows and joys. There are, 
I make no doubt, many wlio would be greatly 
honoured in gaining your alVections, and — hem ! 
— if I might presume so far, if, in fact — hem ! — 
I sliould be willing myself, very willing, my 
dear lady, to make you Mrs. MacCorquodale — 
if you would e.vcuse my saying so." 

The old gentleman was now deeply aliected, 
and used his liandkercliief frequently. As 
the lady paid no attention to his proposal, he 
repeated : 

'•■ Your husband did not know how to appre- 
ciate a loving wife. 1 have learnt to love you 
with all my heart, and I should, as I already 
mentioned, feel very proud to occupy in your 
aflfections that place which you so long reserved 
for one who was cruel enough not to value it as 
he. should. I shall value it at its proper worth, 
my dear Lady Glenon-iiy !" 

Such an example of disinterested kindness 
could not fail to toucli the heart of such a sus- 
ceptible woman ; but, although lier first impulse 
was to close with thi' oH'cr, the n.tural coyness 
of the sex asserted itself, and she remarked with 
a faint smile beaming through lier tears, that 
she was not prepared at the moment to listen to 



such a proposal, but that she fully appeciated 
tlie kindly feeling which pi'ompted it. 

Mr. MacCorquodale thought this was pretty 
good as a beginning, and again assuring her 
that his only desii-e was to serve her, to contri- 
bute, if possible, to her happiness, and to relieve 
her of the cares of managing such a large estate, 
which he felt confident he could do much belter 
than she could, he wiped his eyes and took liis 
departure. The suggestive smile that crept over 
his face, when he got outside of the castle, might 
liave led people who did not know his kindly 
and disinterested ways to believe that he had 
played a part in an amusing comedy, and felt 
sure that he had acted well. 

MacCorquodale was now assidious in his at- 
tentions to the lonely widow, and so successfully 
did he conduct the matrimonial campaign that 
the lady consented to bestow upon him her heart 
and hand — not to mention the other sub.stantial 
considerations which were to accompany them. 
The news soon spread throughout the country, 
and although the members of the clan did not 
manifest any degree of enthusiasm over the 
matter the happy day was fixed, and great pre- 
parations were made to celebrate the event with 
pomp and circumstance worthy of the occasion. 
In making the arrangements, MacCorquodale 
manifested his generosity to a remarkable decree 
— all the expense being defrayed from the lady's 
purse. This was only another instance of liis 
unselfishness. Some narrow-minded people would 
have paid these accounts themselves, but not so 
this gentleman, who would not have deprived 
the fair lady the pleasure of paying these items 
of expense for anything. 

CHAPTER II. 

It is usual, in the orthodox three-volume 
novel, to end the first book with a thrilling 
description of the heroine being carried down 
a wild mountain torrent to certain death ; 
or perhaps the villain stands over her with an 
uplifted dagger, wliich he is about to plunge into 
her breast, while, with calm fortitude, she braves 
him to do his worst. In the next volume, the 
hero appears on the scene, and we breathe more 
freely when the gallant youth rescues the fair 
maiden. This is not an orthodo.x novel, but it 
is just possible that my readers may consider 
that the time has now arrived when I should 
exj)lain what Sir Colin had lieen doing all these 
years. Unless he can satisfactorily account for 
his conduct, we might judge him harshly. 

I already mentioned that the Knight of Glen- 
orchy had, with other mend)ers of the order, 
crossed over to Spain, where he had achieved 
great renown in the wars against the Moors. 
Each year he had sent a trusty page with letters 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



23 



to his lady, with strict injunctions to deliver 
them to herself only, and to hasten back with 
lier reply. Not one of these messengers had 
ever returned. Their fate was involved in 
mystery. As might be expected, this ominous 
silence had caused him great pain and anxiety, 
especially as he had no means of learning its 
cause, and his oath as a KnightTemplar precluded 
him from returning home until the cause of the 
Cross had triumphed. 

At last, after six years had passed. Sir Colin 
joined a party of knights who were sent to Rome 
on an important mission. Here he hoped to 
meet some of his own countrymen, who would 
be able to give him news from home. His search 
was fruitless — he met no one who could tell him 
anything of his wife or people. 

When one is in the greatest misery, it is then 
that the first glint of sunshine comes to dispel 
tlie gloom. One night Sir Colin lay in bed, and, 
in the midst of his troubled slumbers, a voice 
whispered distinctly in his ears. On such inter- 
esting occasions "a little bird" usually gets the 
credit of the whispering, but, in this instance, 
we must frankly admit that the real cause of the 
phenomenon was never satisfactorily explained. 
The owner of the voice was in no hurry, for he 
gave very particular instructions to the restless 
sleeper what to do. He was to rise at once, and 
well armed, to leave Rome and return to Scot- 
land, without loss of time. A great danger 
threatened his wife and friends, which only he 
could avert. He was to assume the guise of a 
palmer, and to seek the home of his aged nurse, 
who would reveal to him the nature of the im- 
pending danger, and advise him what to do. 

Sir Colin acted on the suggestion, and started 
on his journey next morning. In due course he 
arrived in Glenorch}', and on visiting the nurse's 
house learned then, for the first time, the strange 
events that had happened during his absence. 
His surprise may be imagined when he was told 
that his lady, in anticipation of his return, had 
built one of the noblest castles in the land ; that 
MacCorquodale, a neighbouring chief, had shown 
letters proving that Sir Colin was dead, and 
that, believing her husband was no more, she had 
consented to honour MacCorquodale with her 
hand, the wedding having been arranged to take 
place, with great festivities, the next day. 

It was bad enough to be mourned as dead, but 
Glenorchy thought that it was a cruel joke for 
another man to marry his beautiful wife, and 
calmly settle himself down to enjoy his (Sir 
Colin's) property. 

MacCorquodale had played him a nasty trick, 
but he was determined to play him a better one 
on the morrow. 

The bridegroom an<l his party iiad arrived 



at the castle, and the marriage ceremony w,as 
about to begin. The l;i-ide, with her blushing 
bridesmaids, came tripping into the banquetting 
chamber, when a servant stopped her and ex- 
claimed that a holy palmer was at the gate, and 
iiad asked the favour of a goblet of wine to 
drink the lady's health, and to bless her ere the 
ceremony took place. Such a kindness was not 
to be refused, and the lady filled a brimming 
cup of wine, with which she went to meet the 
stranger. He was an old man, supporting liis 
tottering frame with a stafl" and his shoes and 
clothes were worn with much travelling. He 
took the goblet, and before drinking the spark- 
ling liquor, said in feeble tones of voice : "Lady, 
you have not yet vowed thyself to another?" 

Tlie bride, with merry laugh, answered that 
she had not, but that before long her vows 
would be given; and that she hoped that the 
holy man would accept of their hospitality, and 
grant his blessing. 

Raising the cup to his lips he drained it, then 
touching the rim, he said in a strong, stern 
voice : 

" Lady, 'tis well that thou hast sought my 
blessing ere thou gav'st thyself away. Behold 
thou shalt find my blessiug in the cup. Wilt 
thou accept it now from me?" 

Startled by the altered sound of the voice, 
and the upright figure of the supposed palmer, 
she glanced in the cup, and saw there the very 
ring which she had given to her husband when 
they last parted. Some ladies would, under such 
peculiar circumstances, have found it convenient 
to faint, others to show symptoms of hysterics, 
but not so our fair lady. Her countenance 
brightened with a new found joy, and rushing 
into the palmei's arms, she exclaimed : 

" My dear liusband ! I know your voice and 
your smile. I knew it was you all along. And 
you have come back to me, my own dear hus- 
band !" 

This was a mo.st affecting scene to all except 
one. That was the unfoi-tunate MacCorquodale, 
who realised that Glenorchy had presented him- 
self at a most inconvenient moment. He was 
so indignant at this intrusion that lie drew his 
dirk, and aimed a deadly blow at Sir Colin, 
(exclaiming in loud, angry tones : 

"This will help thee to return to that .spirit 
world, where thou hast long pretended to have 
been." 

The weapon glanced aside, and the supposed 
palmer, throwing otf his disguise, revealed him- 
self in full armour. Seeing how matters stood, 
the disappointed lover took to flight, and before 
the retainers could start in jmrsuit he had 
reached a place of safety among his own clan. 

There is little now to add. It was discovered 
that three of MacCorquodale's retainers had 



24 



THE CELTIC :\IONTHLY. 



each year wavlaid Glenorcliy's messenger, and, 
after securiiii; tlie papers which he carried, tied 
stunes riiiiiid liis mutilated Ijddy and sunk it in 
the unfathonied depths of Loch Etive. Having 
further explained that they did so at their 
chief's instigation, to whom they delivered the 
letters, they were, next day, lianged on a tree 
overlooking a precipice. A battle was fought 
between the followers of the rival chiefs, in 
which MacCorquodale was slain, and his army 
completely routed. 

Such, then, was the romantic origin of Kil- 
churn Castle. The fortress is now a picturesque 
ruin, hut Sir C'olin's descendants have erected 
a still more palatial residence on Loch Tay- 
side (Taymouth Castle), where the Marquis of 
Breadalbane now resides. Strange to say, the 
Maniuis was installed not long ago as Crand 
blaster of the Older of Knight Tenii)lars, 
of which his illustrious ancestor was a notable 
meuilier. 

r COKCLUDED.I 



AINGEAL AN DOCHAIS. 

1st Fhizk Pokm at ()i;an Mud, 1893. 



A' (iHKlAN gu glormhor anns an iar 

Cliaidh sios air cid a' chuain. 
An oidhch' a falluiun ghruauiach, chiar, 

Ghrad dh' iath mu bheinn is cluain ; 
Is dhealraich ann an uchd nan speur 

Gach reul a's glaine tuar. 

'S an uair sin fein bho shaothair theann 

Tliug mi gu fann mo lanih. 
Air cluasaig leig mi sios mo cheann 

A chum gu 'm faighinn tandi. 
A doimhneachd suaimhneis dh' eiricli suas 

Cu h-aoibhneach bruadar aigh ! 

Ar leam gu 'n robh mi fein a falbh 

Air astar doirbh is mor ; 
ISlia n turus deuchainneach is searbli, 

Bha 'n t-ana inoch air mo thoir ; 
Is aite-fasgaidh cha robh ann, 

'8 mi claoidhte, fann gu le6ir. 

Bha m' imeachd liimh ri auihainn slicimh, 
Kodh sgiiile sgeinih nan craobli. 

A nuas air osaig tlilath nan ncanih 
Slicol iomhaigh fidathail chaomh. 

Gu m' iogimadh mor, liha aingeal dheas 
'N a seasamh ri mo thaobh ! 

'N uair 'phaisg i 'sgiathan riomhach glan 
Fodh 'duail air diireach an oir, 

Dhealraich a gniiis 'bu shuairce gean. 
Shin i a slat a' m' choir 

Is dluiisg i solas 'n a nio chliabh, 
Le liriathran biun a bcnil, 



" Biodh agad misneach agus neart 

Ged tha do thurus searbh. 
Bu mhiann leam thu 'bhi siubhail ceart 

'S an astar inlior gu dearbh ; 
Oir thiiinig mi le baigh is treoir ; 

Aingeal an D6chais m' ainm. 

Tha mi.se 'gnith a frithealadh 

'Gach diiile bre6ite, sgith, 
Bho cliian air feadh nan ginealach, 

'An cogadh no 'an sith. 
A' m' bheachd tha 'n de6raidh iriosal 

Co-ionann ris an righ. 

An uair 'bhios trioblaidean na cradh 
'G a d' sharuchadh gu cruaidh ; 

No 'thuiteas t-inntinn sios gu Iar 
A ndiain air m' ainm-sa luaiilh — 

L« thig mi fein le tlachd is deoin 
'G a d' threorachadh gu buaidh." 

'Sin sgaoil i 'sgiathan glormhor geal, 

'S gu oiatach she61 i nam. 
A h-iomhaigh eireachdail gun smal 

Chaidh as mo shealladh suas. 
An uair a dh' fhag i beachd mo shid 

Ghrad dhiiisg mi as mo shuain. 

A nis a leughadair mo dhain. 

Ma thig ort amgliair gheir. 
(Jairm air an Aiugil ud 'tha 'taudi 

Le fabhar dhuinn gu leir, 
A measg nan neul a's dor.li' tha 'snaudi 

Tliar fasach gleann nan deur. 
,, ,.,,„ Nkil Ross. 



THE SEA-BIRD AND THE STORM. 



By the lath Mary M.\cKellau. 

To the green shores of Muilo" a sea-bird had come, 
8o diuieyed and weary with terror anil pain, 

"Twas driven by tenipests from kindred and home, 
Afar o'er the foam-crested, wild-rolling main. 

Now safe from the roar of the dark, s\irging wave, 
So calmly at rest in the sunshine it lay, 

Whilst its stormruillcd bosom it gladly would lave, 
In the soft rippling waters that shone in the bay. 

The sea, in the light of the west, gleamed like gold, 
And its murmur was soft as the sound of the shell. 

Anil the sea-bird at rest, with its pinions afold, 
To surges and tempests would fain say farewell. 

Vain wish— for ere night came the surges rose high, 
The night winds were moaning afar on the sea. 

No star could be seen to ilhunine the sky. 

And the sob of the billow was loud on the lea. 

The sea-bird again spread its wings for a flight. 
Away from green Muile in torror and pain, 

Away from the storm-cloud, in darkness of night, 
O'er the foam crested, wild rolling breast of the main. 

• Jfiiiif-Tlu- Ishin.l uf Mull, Ars.vllshirc. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



25 



for iutroduciu'. 



D. T. MACDONALD, J. P., CANADA. 

'HEN Dr. Normau MacLeod — Caraid' 
, nan-Gaidhml — vras writing bis Gaelic 
'S'/"*'A dedicatiou of "Leabhar uau Cnoc," iu 
1834, he took occasion to remark that even if 
GaeHc were driven from the Scottish Highlands 
that ancient tongue would find a comfortaMe 
home and receive a hearty welcome from thou, 
sands of warm hearted Highlanders across the 
main. 

A\'e make no ape 
readers to one 
of these leal- 
hearted Celts 
who have gained 
distinction and 
h( mour in the 
land of their 
adoption. Mr. 
MacDonald is a 
native of Coll, 
Argyllshire. He 
left that island 
in 183(), at the 
a>,'e of 15, and 
became a bound 
apprentice to 
Messrs. Blackie 
ifc Sons, printers 
iVc, Glasgow. 
Having met 
with an acci- 
dent, he relin- 
((uished that 
1 >usiness, and in 
1839 entered 
the Glasgow 
.Apothecaries' 
Hall, where he 
remained for 
oversevenyears. 
In 1816 he 
opened a drug 
shop at Inve- 
raray, and re- 
niiiined in that 
luu-gh till 185G. 

During his residence he was elected Dean of 
Guild and IJailie of that ancient burgh. For 
about two years before leaving Inveraray he 
had the management of one of the Duke of 
Argyll's metal mines, then in active operation. 
On this mine liecoming eshiuisted the lessees 
took Mr. MacD(.jnald with them to England. 
Shortly after this he was sent to Norway, and 
we afterwards find him engaged iu the manage- 
ment of extensive mines in Ii-eland, and in 
Hartz Mountains, (Jermauy, and on the north 
shore of Lake Superior. Unfortunately, this 

















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^ 








■i~ - 


i. 




i 


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1 


p^ 


it»^>-^ 











latter mine behed expectations, and in eighteen 
months' tune its further working was found to 
l)e unprofitable. Mr. MacDonald, nothing 
(hxunted, crossed the lake, and in 18G9 built 
for himself a comfortable house and a drug 
store at Eed Jacket, Calumet, INIichigan, where 
we now find him. In 1872 he was appointed 
a Justice of the Peace and Coroner, which 
offices he has now held for over tNyenty years. 

Here it may be interesting to state that Mr. 
MacDonald is a nephew of that hterary Coil- 
man, the late Lachlan MacLean, author of the 
" History of the 
Celtic L a n- 
guage,"&c.,&c., 
and manifests a 
warm interest 
in all that per- 
tains to the 
language and 
literature of 
the Celt. The 
followuig bit of 
autobiography 
cannc it fail to 
interest our 
readers: — 
"Like m y 
uncle, Lachlan 
MacLean, 1 
take a great m- 
terest in Celtic 
literature. I 
joined the Clan 
M a c D o n a 1 d 
Societj' a couple 
of years ago, 
and the Clan 
JNlacLean. at 
Chicago, last 
June. I was 
proud to meet 
Sir Fitzroy D. 
MacLean and 
"Pennycross" 
at Chicago, with 
ti y e pipers 
marching at 
their head, playing — 

' t.4;il.iliiiidli sinn an ratliad niur 
Olc air niluith Iu ciicli e.' 
The little education I received was at Arua- 
bost School, Coll, but I attended chemistry 
classes iu Glasgow, under Professor Penny 
and Dr MacGregor." 

Although -Mr. -MacDonald is close upon the 
" allotted span," he is still hale and hearty, 
and we hope he may be spared to enjoy many 
years of that leisure to which an active life 
has made him justly eutitLd, Fionn, 



26 THE UKLTIC MONTHLY 

THE CELTIC AWAKENING. 



Our Gaelic race is rousing from tlie torpor of the 
past ; 

The Celtic fire, long smothered, is flaming hright at 
last ; 

The beauties of our ancient tongue, our bards', our 
heroes' fame, 

Are dear, as ne'er beforg, to those who boast of High- 
land name. 

They say 'tis disappearing, the language of our sires, 

\V'hich sounding once through Sclmas hall inflamed 
pure hero fires : 

That speech, recalling ages dim, as shell, the sound- 
ing sea, 

Must soon become a meiuory of what has ceased to be. 

Thcv say 'tis fading, dying, that its end is nearing 
"fast. 

And is now but an echo, save to those who love the 
past. 

From where the storm-swept Hebrides upraise a 

a towering crest, 
Like emerald gems, above the swell of broad Atlantic's 

breast, 
To where the Tay and Spey unite their waters with 

the sea, 
Where'er true Highland hcart.s abide, they say, it 

shall not bel 
From far .Vustralia's southern clime, from India's 

torrid plain. 
To where St Lawrence pours its Hood into the 

surging main. 
From east to west of our New Wurld, from Lakes, to 

Mexique sea, 
Where beats a loyal Celtic heart, they say it must 

not be. 
Each wind that sweeps the ocean carries that voice 

along, 
They knew not how we loved it, they shall know our 

love is strong. 

Let progeny of caitiff race forget they had a past. 
And in oblivion's darkest shade let speech of slaves 

be cast ; 
But Where's the man in all the world, though proud 

of Saxon name. 
Would dare impugn our sires' renown, or blot our 

heroes' fame H — 
The fame of those who kept at bay the conquerors of 

the world, 
And taught the Homan hosts their Hag could not lie 

there unfurled, 
liehind that range of Highland hills, to freedom cvir 

dear. 
The citailel of high emiirise, of deeds we must revere. 
The voice of these, our fathers, is borne on every gale 
That waves the heather on the hills, that sweeps o'er 

loch and vale. 

There Ossian — Homer of our race — struck from the 

sounding lyre 
Tones that still echo from our hearts, that raise the 

patriot's fire ; 
T'oncs which resound from Morven's heights an 

Selma's vacant hall. 
And eclioing Lora, till we think Fingal and Ullin call. 
And he gave words to thoughts which burn within the 

Celtic breast, 



Their passion anil their tenderness, their longing 

and unrest ; 
Their feeling of the loveliness that over Nature broods. 
The mystic charm and grandeur in all its various 

moods. 
And he voiced their love of honour, their scorn for 

what is wrong, 
As he swept tlic chords of feeling with his magic gift 

of song. 

Can we forget those saintly men, who from lona's 

isle 
Diffused the light of purer faith among the heathen 

vile ? — 
Who, to the Scandinavian fierce, and pagan Teuton, 

gave 
The ideal of a nobler life — the Christ who came to 

save. 
And down the ages as we come, however dark the 

page. 
We find it brightened by the light of Celtic saint or 

sage ; 
And never througli the bygone years, as many cycles 

i-an. 
Have there been wanting to our race the pride and 

worth of man. 
To-day takes up the story of that grand, eftulgent 

past ; — 
We were not dead but sleei)iug ; we are rousing now, 

ut last. 

In eloquence and literature, in science and in art, 
In halls of State, in marts of trade, we've played no 

minor part ; 
And iin llu! lield of battle, 'mong the bravest in the 

van, 
You have always f luiid him foremost, the man of 

Highland clan. 
Then let delraclors of our race the Celtic name 

as-ail.— 
Their prejudice and jealous rage can never much 

avail 
We point to our distinguished sires, to deeds which 

they have done. 
And feel, while Irue unto our past, assured for time 

to run. 
Then reverence and cherish the Celtic tongue and 

fame : 
Shouhl the speech of Ossian perish, we Gaels must 

bear the blame. Nkil Macdonai.d. 

New York, U.S.A. 





THE CKLTIC MONTHLY. 
HIGHLAND PLACES WORTH VISITING. 



No. 3. -ISLAND OF LEWIS. 



rr^jllK Island of Lewis has sometimes been, 
'ij'l^ very much to its disadvantaffe, compared 
"^=^ with the neighbouring Island of Skye 
as a tourist resort, but there are many who, 
like Dr. Johnson when he visited the " Isle of 
the Mist," do not care to be "always climbing or 
descending," and Lewis, in the words of old 
"Sixty-One," is "a land with too many cliarnis 
not to be able to bear criticism and truth." To 
the quiet visitor who really wants rest for mind 



and body it has attractions wliicli ouglit to make 
even the growlings of the Mincli tolerably plea- 
sant. There is a breadth and expansiveness in 
its heath-covered iiincldrs not to be met with in 
all places where the freedom of the wilderness 
may allure tlie craniped-up city toiler to stretch 
his limbs. Then it is a place with a record 
whose beginnings are not of yesterday, like 
some more pretentious disti'icts. Julius Oiesar's 
conquest of South Britain is a comparatively 




iiiodciii achievement to the student of Long 
island history. The first clear evidences of 
human occupation consist iu the stone circles 
and monuments which are found here and there 
throughout the island, chiefly in the vicinity of 
Garynahine, about 1 2 miles from Stornoway. 
One of these circles, with the remains of two or 
three stone avenues leading towards it, is at 
Callernish, overlooking an arm of Loch Roag, 
and is said to be, next to Stonehenge, the most 
remarkable fragment of the kind in the British 
Islands. The number of stones now remaining 
is ib, and the height of some of them nearly 
30 feet. Here it is said the Arch-Druid, whose 
Uiicanny art has passed into the language under 



the name of l>n/i'l/ieiicli<l pn-sided at the human 
sacrifices that were offered up jieriodically 
within the central enclosure. 

The island is now universally allowed to have 
derived its name Leiv//ias from I^eod, the tradi- 
tional progenitor of the Clan MacLeod, although 
in the well-known work by " M. Martin, Gent.," 
it is traced to Leog, the Irish for water. The 
old Scandinavian mariners made it a frequent 
place of call, and at Ness still the bulk of the 
natives, in form and feature, bear a close re- 
semblance to the Norwegian and Danish sailors 
who every season visit the port of Stornoway in 
their trading vessels. Created a free barony by 
James V. in i54I, shortly after the Royal visit, 



28 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the whole hinds, witli the castle and other pro- 
perty, were conferred u])on Roderick, the chief 
of the Clan JIacleod, "and Barbara Stewart, 
his affianced spouse." This Roderick, or as he 
is half affectionately known in the family annals, 
" Old Rory," was tenth in succession from Leod, 
the founder of the clan. His rule covers a 
period of half a century, and is one long, wiltl 
story of family strife and bloodshed, ending in 
disaster to all concerned in it, and the final loss 
to the clan of their island territory. Old Rory's 
first wife was a daughter of John Mackenzie of 
Kintail, and on her marriage with Macleod had 
been for some time a widow. Her attacliments 
would appear to have been l)ut fickle, for she 
soon transferred her person and affections to the 
Laird of Raasay, and Macleod, out of revenge 
his enemies said, though he himself gave a 
better reason, disinherited her son, who was 
thereupon adopted by his mother's relations at 
Strathconon, and came to be known as " Torquil 
Connanach." ^Macleod married twice after this, 
and had three sons by these wives, besides five 
illegitimate sons, whose appetite for ])lunder was 
like that of young lions. Jealous of what he 
conceived to be his rights, Torquil Connanach, 
backed up by the Kintail family, carried on a 
long and bitter conflict with his father, in the 
course of which he laid siege to the Castle 
of Stornoway, took it, captured the old chief, 
killed a niiniber of his followers, and completed 
the sack by carrying away all the writs, charters, 
' and other documents belonging to the family 
and handing thoni over to Colin, chief of Kin- 
tail. These civil disturbances, involving so 
much uiLsery and bloodshed, were the direct 
cause of the Fife invasion. So far as the 
colonists were concerned it was a purely busi- 
ness adventure. They arrived there in OctoVjer, 
1.5'J9, with a force of 600 arnit'd men, besides a 
number of private gentlemen, and skilled 
mechanics of all kinds, and were met by the 
islanders under Neil Macleod, one of Old Rory's 
illegitimate sons, but after a stubborn contest 
they succeeded in landing at Stornoway, " and 
in the end made up a bonny town theri;." From 
various causes, however, the undertaking proved 
a failure, and the settlers after a few years sold 
their interest to Mackenzie, who had set his 
heart upon obtaining jiossession of the island, 
Kintail soon disposed of the remaining .scions of 
the Siol Tliovqinl. Neil " was made short by 
the head " in Edinburgh ; liis .son was banished 
from Scotland; his brother Norman, after |iining 
for ten years in tlu^ Kdinbuigh 'I'dibdoih, got 
permission to retire to Holland, where he died in 
the service of the Prince of (Jrange ; two of his 
nejihewa were executed by Mackenzie, and the 
third is .sup|)Osed to have died an exile in Spain. 
The Seaforths held the island until 1844, when 



it was sold to Sir James Mathcson, who.se widow- 
now has it in life-rent. 

In the old day.s, and amidst much that was 
rough and ready, a kind of rude attempt at dis- 
pensing justice continued to be kept up, the 
jjresiding authority being called Brieve or 
Bieit/ieamh — a judge. There is a Gallows Hill 
at Stornoway ; at Kneep, Uig ; and at Shaw- 
bost, indicating the nature of the cases that 
often fell to be disposed of by this functionary. 

The present century has witnessed an e.xtra- 
ordinar)' change in the habits of the jjeople, and, 
so far as their moral and social condition is con- 
cerned, it is not too much to say that a revolu- 
tion has taken place. When the Ettrick Shep- 
herd visited the place in ISOO he was struck 
with the absence of wheaten bread from the 
table at which he dined, and when he started 
to walk to Barvas the road on which he travelled 
led him for two or three miles into the moor 
and left him there. Now, every village has its 
baker, while locomotion by steam cars has be- 
come a (juestion of "practical politics." Bad 
old customs are either dead or dj-ing ; funerals 
are conducted decently and re\erently ; wed- 
dings have none of the accompanying excesses 
\yhich were at one time thought to be quite 
handsome and becoming. As regards the land 
question, tenant-right and landlord-right are 
twin brothers. In the town of Stornoway 
the stranger will find much to interest him, 
although almost everything that linked it with 
the past is gone, and it requires no vivid 
imagination to think of the Macleod warriors 
turning in their graves at Eye Churchyard in 
consequence, or mayhap occasionally revisiting 
by the glimpses of the moon the spot where 
their old fort stood. 

Stornoway is now easily accessible from the 
south. Certainly the most pleasant route is that 
by Mr. MacBrayne's fine steamer "Claymore," 
which leaves Glasgow twice a week, and aftei' 
passing through the majestic 
scenery of the Western Isles 
calls at Stornoway. Only 
those who have had the plea- 
sure of enjoying this trip can 
fully apjireciate 
its attractions. «»- "^-"v' 







'lim^ 



R. J. Macleod. 



THE CKLTiC MONTHLY. 



■2d 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



MO DHACHAIDI 




■fH^|HE foUowini^ is a translation of tlie song 
Vf"V '^y ^I'"- Malcolm MacFarlane. which ap- 
^■^^ peared at page 102 of our first volume, 
entitled " Mo l)hachaidli." It is hy Mr. 
Alexander Stewart, jiolice constable, Polinont, 
Stirlingshire, and for it he was awarded first 
prize at the Mod recently held at Oban. Mr. 
Stewart, it will at once be acknowledged, has 
made an excellent rendering of the original. 
His translation, assisted by the cajntal air to 
which it is set, will, we venture to think Iie- 



come popular among tliose wlio are unable to 
sing tlie original Gaelic. We have seen few 
translations which so well illustrate the beauty 
of Gaelic assonance as this one — notice tlie 
rhyming word in the middle of every fourth line 
— and we see no reason why writers of original 
poetry in English should not occasionally 
imitate this style. It is in this case, un- 
doubtedly, an added charm. Mr. Stewart is a 
native of Balqnhidder, and has before won 
prizes in literary contests in the People's Journal 
and Dundee Week/// News, and we trust to see 
more equally good work from his pen. 

It may interest our readers to learn that 
another translation by the author of the Gaelic 
original is to appear, along with the music, in 
an early number of the National, Choir, pub- 
lished by Messrs J. and R. Parlane, Paisley. 

Lady Archibald Campbell was so charmed 
with the music that, on hearing it sung by the 
St. Columba Choir at Oliau, she spared no 
efforts to acfjuire some verses of the song. 

Ed. 



MY AIN HOOSE. 

Tnuisl.ltini, Inj Al.K.XA.NJiEK .SxEWART, PoluionL 

■(.'UDKUS : — Kiv F. Lireli/. 

: s . f I n : n : d 1 d : I'l : s I d' : t : 1 I s : — : f I n : ri : d I d : r : n I f : n : f I r : - 

Sini' 1 cliui-iilif, eouthilie, | menit an' free. 0, ! this is tlie oor o' sweet] soLice to me, 

: f I n : n : d I d : n : s I d' : t : 1 I s : — : f I n : d : n i r : ti : r I d : — : — I d : - 

When I \ve:irie(l wi' tuiliif cut I owre the green lea, I | tod^Ue M'i' glee to my | ain hoose. 

Vebsk ■. — 

:d |d:r:nln:m:n]s :n:n|n: — inlfinrfjrintflstnrdidi- 
The I soclger may hie to a 1 far foreign shore, The | toper delight in the] alelioose to roar, 

: s I 1 : 1 : f I d' : t : 1 I s : f : n 1 d' : - : f.f 1 n : d : n 1 r : t, : r I d : - : - 1 d : - 

Tlie 1 miser may revel in | coontin' his store ; I ha'e' pleasures galore in my I ain lionse. 



.i\yont by the ferry, whaur womllaiuls are green, 
■My canty cot lioosie Stan's tidy an" clean ; 
I envy nae Uiiid in his castle, I ween, 
I'm happy an bien in my ain hoose. 

My cosy bit biggin' it's dear aboon a', 
Surroonded wi' daisies an' primroses bniw, 
The hillock aliint it's a bield frae the snaw 

When winter win's blaw roon ray ain hoose. 

Kin' nature has scattered her gifts through the glen, 
The lark is in tune as he soon's his refrain ; 
jly wife hears the croon o' the burn in the den 
As she lilts to the wean in oor ain hoose. 



May blessir.'s gang wi' ye, fond witie o' mine. 
The star o' ray haine since I wooed ye langsyne, 
Yer leal he.art wad never to envy incline, 
Ye're canty an' kin' in yer ain hoose. 

At fa' o' the gloarain', when darkness is near, 
Oor hearth is surroonded wi' dattin' an' clieer. 
The liairnies are singin' sae lichtsomo an' clear. 
They're pleasant to hear in oor ain hoose. 

Awa' wi' yer riches an' rank, wi' tlieir glare. 
They're naething but folly an' pliauloins o' air ; 
The ha' o' the Queen an' the luxuries there 
Can never compare wi' ray ain hoose. 



30 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS 

AH Cominiiiiicatiuiui. on literniy iiiiil hii.iiiira.i 
tttattera, nhoulil br aildrt-nsed to the Eriilor, .Wr. JOUS 
MACK A Y, IT /JiiJirfds Street, Kinyslon, Ulasfiou: 
-®- 
TEIiMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. — The CELTIC 
MONTHLY vnll be aent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United Slates, and all 
countries in the Postal Union — for one year, 4s. 



The Celtic Monthly. 

NOrEIIBEH, 1893. 



COICTE3WTS. 

Allan Cameron of Lindavra (with plate), 
i;lekokcht's Widow,— a legend of Lochawe, - 

AlNOEAL AS DOCHAIS (a poem), 

TitK Sba-Bird and tiik .Stobsi (a poem), 

I). T. MacDosald, J.R, Canada (with portrait), - 

The Celtic Awakknino (a poem), 

IIlollLAND Places worth Visiting— Xo. 3.— Island of I.ewi; 

Ol'R MrsiCAL Paoe, 

To Ot'B Readers, 

OcNCAN MacLean. Manchester (with portrait). 

BCADIIAS an riSOE-UllEATIIA (a poem), - . . . 

I.ITIR AS a' CHEARDAICH, 

.'JtATK ok CAITIINKSS from 17:il) TO 1700, AND THE SHERIFF, 

A Mackav I,AM> Si'OT IN London Town, 
lioBERT Vy.R'.i v-ijN, .Stirling (with portrait). 
Highland Xot^s and i^ieries, . - . . . 

News of the Month, 

To .my IIiohland Home (a poem). 

Reviews, 

Camanachd Notes, 

obitiarv, 



TO OUR READERS. 



" HIGHLAND HONOURS." 
As the few remarks wbicli we made in our 
last issue on this suliject have greatly inter- 
ested many of oiu- readers, and been exten- 
sively quoted by the public jn-ess, it may not 
be out of place to agaiii refer briefly to these 
so called " Hiolilaiid Honours." M'e in%ited 
the upholders of this custom to refer us to any 
work of last century in which it is described 
as of Highland origin, but we arc not surprised 
that no one has been kind enough to quote an 
authority. On the contrary, we liave received 
letters from several gentlemen learned in 
Highland lore, who agi-ee in describing the 
"honours" as a modern invention, and have 
expressed their satisfactiun that we have raised 
the question of its autheni icily. 

Il .seems quite clem- tluit the cii.stom of tliinking a 
Idas', in tliu particular fasliioii descrilied was adopted 
I'V certain Highland Societies in London about the 
year 18'_'(). It is believed to have been first intro- 
duced for "stage effect" in a Highland play in the 
'Ihcatre Royal, Edinburgh, by a Mr. Murray, who 
was then manager. Tiiis was at tlio time wlien Sir 
Walter Scott's novels had created an appetite for 
Highland excitements. Sir Walter liimself tslls us 
that the members of the Celtic Society of Loudon 
attended the meetings armed with clayiiiores! They 



were furtlier characterised by what he humorously 
describes as " wild ways." Nothing could serve thr 
purpose of these gentlemen better than the " stage 
eflects"of Mr. Murray's "Highland Honours," and 
the custom was practised at their festive gatherings, 
and has been handed down to us as a venerable sur- 
vival of the days of long ago, deserving all the respect 
paid to old age and antiipiity. In our opinion it is a 
palpable fraud — a product of the enthusiasms of the 
Waverley novels period ! 'i he question then is, if 
we have no decided proof that it is a genuine High- 
lanil custom, but have good reasons to believe that it 
is a southern importation, would it not be better for 
Highlanders at their social gatherings to ignore it 
altogether '.' Surely we can honour a countryman 
without standing on chairs and tables, or by breaking 
glasses — which, by the way, few of our forefather.") 
liad to break. The genuine manners and customs of 
the Highlanders were beautKul, and compare favour- 
ably with those of any country, and we can surely 
have our "Highland Honours" without associating 
with them certain features wliich are neither pretty 
nor tasteful, nor natural to our Highland soil. 



The I.ondon "Globe" on the Gaelic Revival. 
— We thought that we had lieard the last of 
those venomous attacks upon Highlanders and their 
language which not many years ago were a feature 
of, and a disgrace to, English ncwsjiapers. Evidently 
the desire to flout and ridicule the Celtic race is as 
strong as ever among a certain class of writers iu 
what are known as .smnrt journals. The Glahe 
recently devoted over a column to the Gaelic revival, 
in which the Highlander, his language, literature, 
music, and national institutions, iiarticularly the- 
Oban Mud, were made the oVijects of the clumsiest 
form of" wit" which we remember ever having seen 
in print. The whole idea of the writer seemed to- 
resolve itself into this, that S,.ndy could not be a 
gentleman until he had discarded his national costume, 
language and accent, and developed into a full-Hedged 
Englishman. We hope the day is far distant when 
the Highlander will be ashamed of his nationality, or 
seek to forget his mother tongue. The London press 
seem to have forgotten the crushing reply which the 
learned Dr. MacKllieriin gave to the Times, when it 
attempted to belittle the Celt. His closing sentence 
is still applicable to the Qlohe, and exactly states the 
truth in regard to these Cockney attacks on Celts. 
He says, " I don't hate him (the Saxon) for priding 
himself; but 1 do detest your vile race of mongrels, 
who would be Saxon or Hottentot because the Irish 
are Celtic." We may add that I'rofessor Ulackie 
replied to the article in a manner wliich effectually 
silenced the Gluhc on the subject of Highlanders. 



Ofii Xkxt Issfi-:. — We will present our reader.s 
with a lifelike plate portrait of Mr. Alex. MacDonald. 
town-clerk, Govan, a Highlander whose contributions 
to Highland literature have made his name known 
in all parts of fhe world. Portraits will also appear 
of Mr. George M. Suthetland, Wick (held over from 
this issue) ; Mr. .-Mex. Mackellar, hon. president and 
first captain of the Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club ; Mr. 
Donald MacDonald, hon. sec, Gaelic Society of New 
York, U.S A. ; Dr. U. C. MacDiarmid, vice-president, 
Gaelic Society of Glasgow, and the late Mr. Duncan 
Campbell, of the Glasgow Skyc ,\ssociatiiiH. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



31 



DUNCAN MACLEAN, MANCHESTER. 



t^T^I U L L of restless energy and with that 
\j;J]Ml; true poetic temperament tbat marks the 
'^'O Celt, Mr. Maclean from earliest days has 



made his personality felt wherever his lot was 
cast, and in whatever work he was engaged. 
Born, June 2nd, 1857, in Dunoon, of typical 
Highland parents, Mr. Maclean was fortunate 
when of school age to be placed under the care 
of a teacher who cared more for the mental and 
moral attainments of his pupils than for Gov- 
ermueut grants. 
Leaving school 
Mr. Maclean was 
for four yeai's en- 
gaged as assistant 
Inspector of the 
Poor in Dunoon 
and K i 1 m u n 
parish. 

Migrating to 
Glasgow, he was 
employed first in 
the G. P. O. there 
as Sorting Clerk, 
and then as Clerk 
in the Globe Par- 
cel Express Com- 
pany s ( )llice Be- 
ing transferred to 
Manchester as as- 
sistant manager, 
he four and a half 
years ago succeed- 
ed to full coutnil 
of the ^Manchester 
branch on the 
death of the then 
manager, and 
there he renuiius, 
winning alike the 
'Golden' opinion 
of his employers 
and the general 
public with whom 

he comes into daily contact. As showing that 
his services were not forgotten but at once re- 
membered and appreciated, the Commissioners 
of Dunoon asked Mr. Maclean to write an 
opening Ode, which was sung by the children 
of the Dunoon Grammar Schoi il, at the opening 
of the Dunoon Castle Itecreatiou Grounds, in 
June, 1S9:>. Since going to Manchester, Mr. 
Maclean has been instrumental along with a 
few kindred spirits, in bringing into existence 
the Caledonian Society, which as the name im- 
plies is the rallying groimd for ' Brither Scots ' 
once a fortnight duruig the year. Twice has 




the Society given Mr. Maclean tangible proof 
of their aj^preciation of his efforts as Secretary 
to make the Society a happy meeting place for 
' exiles frae hame. 

As a writer Mr. Maclean has been most pro- 
lific. As far back as 1 880, he issued his first 
book entitled " Hamely Rhymes," in which, 
whethei' in hamely Scotch or elegant English, 
Mr. ^>Laclean gave utterance to many gems of 
thought. Ever since he has contributed to 
various periodicals and magazines. In the 
Oban. Times and lligldand Mdyazine Mr. 
Maclean advocated in trenchant language 
the cause of the 
Crofter. To the 
A}gi/l/s/iire Stan- 
daid he contri- 
buted a series of 
sketches entitled 
"Cracks frae 
AVhinny Knowe." 
sketches which 
caused that news- 
paper to be eager- 
ly looked for each 
Friday by inter- 
ested and amused 
readers 

In all his writ- 
ings the subject of 
our sketch exhibits 
a keen sense of the 
beautiful in nature 
and a perfect Car- 
lylean hatred of 
sham in man. A 
true radical heever 
has had the warm- 
est sympathy for 
the Crofters and 
•Jottars of the far 
North. In these 
days of self-seek- 
ing, and when so 
many would fain 
forget the land of 
their birth, it is 
encouraging to<iilieet such an one as Mr. Mac- 
lean who, while making for himself a ' pile ' and 
name in the Sassenach country, never forgets 
the burns and braes and heath clad hills of 
Caledonia. Of him it may well be said — 
" I livf for those who love me, 
For tliose I know are true. 
For tlie heaven that smiles above me 

And awaits my spirit, too ; 
For all human ties that bind me, 
For the task my God assigu'd me, . 

For tile bright hopes left behind me. 
And the good that I can do." 

Dmionn. Thomas S.mith, 



32 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



BUADHAN AN UISGE-BHEATHA. 

Seisd: — Tlia buaidh air an uisge-bheatha 
'S a l)hu;idlian, clia chuir an cleith, 
Ge b' e dh' olas a bheag dlieth 
Gu 'n toir e iouiadh truaigh air. 

An tighean bochd nam poifaran 
Cba 'n 'eil n'l deagh-ordail annt', 
Tha clann is mnathau bronach annt' 
Na'n deoraidli le droch slinuagh orr'. 

Cha 'n 'eil biadh ri 'chocaireachd, 
No iiirneis anns an t-seomar ac', 
No trusgan ac' gu 'n c6nilidacliadh 
Oir dh' M iad an cuid airgid. 

Tha 'n t-uisge-beatha ro-eifeaehdach, 
Gu bhi ag arach eiicaile, 
'S gu toirt air falbh am beusalachd 
O dhaoine eagnaidli, geamnuidh. 

Bheir e'n toil's an ti'ir ua])a, 
Bheir e' nieas 's an tliii uapa, 
Bheir e' neart 's an liith uapa, 

Is bheir e dh' ionnsuidh 'n uaigh iad. 

Mu th6id thu dh' ionnsuidh 'Bhiobuill leis 
A' chilis so chum a mineachadh, 
Is i teist is breith na Firinn 

Nach fhaigh am uiisgear suaimhneas.* 

Air 'n aobhar sin is barail learn 
Gur sona iad a dh' fhanas uaith 
'S aibh6idicheas nach bean iad da 
'S e chaitheas beath' na stuamachd. 
•Gal. V. 21. Isa. v. 11. 
<.„>„„ Alex. MacRae. 



LITIR AS A' CHEARDAICH. 

A GlIAIDIIF.IL lUINAICll, 

lUiaidh 'us ))i.seach ort a ghoistidli 1 
'S fhad 'n bha miann orm sgriobhadh 'g a 
tionnsuidh, ach bha mi air mo chumail cho 
dripeil le gnothaichean an t-saoghail 's nach 
robh mi 'faotainn cothrom air peann a chur air 
paijieir. Agus a nis le cion cleachdaidh tha mo 
iiiheoircan air fas cho rag ris na gatachan iaruinn 
a tha agam anns a' cheirdaich. 

Tha mi anabarrach toilichte a chluinntinn cho 
math 's a tlia thu 'faotainn air t aghart. Ou 'm 
bheil thu fas nior agus cliiiiteach, agus tha 
d<ichas agam gu 'n lean thu mar sin. Tha sinne 
anns a' chearn' ioniallach so dhe 'n diitliaich ro 
thoilichte t-aghaidh fhaicinn a tighinn an rathad 
uair 's a' mhios ; le do chuilihreacli boidhcach 
gorm ort agus do dhuillcagan finealta Ian dhe 
gach serins' eolnis agus tiosrachaidh. Agus tha 
sinn gu h-araidh ro bhuiillu-ach dhiot air son 
nan dealbhan gasda tha tiiu 'toirt dhuinn do 
Ghaidheil fhiachail a tha Ian airidh air gach 



onair agus urram a tha iad a faotainn. Ach 
na 'm biodh mo ghob 'n a do chluais bheirinu 
ralihadh beag dhuit air .son cho dearmadach 's a 
tha thu air mo slieann sean-nihathair ch6ir a' 
Ghailig. Tha dochas agam nach bi tliusa coltach 
ris gach comunn Gailig, agus ))aip('ir Gaidhealach 
eile 'tha dol air chois thall 's a bhos air feadh 
na rioghachd. Neo-ar-thaing nach toir iad 
sin dhuinn geallaidhean m6ra briagha 'n am 
tiiiseachadh. Co ach iadsan ! 's iad fiiein na 
gillean, a tha dol a chumail suas (;ainnt, ceol, 
agus bardachd nati Gaidheal ! Acli cha luailhe 
a shuidheas iad aig an stiiiir agus a gheibh iad 
an long fo' h-uidheam, na theid a'Gliailiga chur 
'an ciil a chinn 's a' Bheuria 'an clar an aodainn. 
Agus ann am beagan iiine cha 'n fhaod a' Ghailig 
choir a gniiis a nochdadh, no idir a guth a thog- 
ail aig a h-aon dhe 'n cuid choineamhan. Mo 
naire air na Gaidheil, nach biodh seasinhach, 
duineil, mar 'bu choir dhoibii, s mar bu dual 
dhoibh. 

Ach feumaidh mi aideachadh gu 'm bheil aon 
Chomunn Gaidhealach a chaidli air chois bho 
chionn ghoirid air am blieil tior choltas gnoth- 
aich — sin agad MTid an Obain. ^lo sheachd 
beannachd air na daoine tapaidh a tha air a 
cheann, tha dochas agam gu 'n soirbhich led. 
Agus ma bhios mis' air mo chaomhnadh gus an 
ath-bliadhn' fhaicinn, theid mi gu Mod an Obaia 
ge do tliigeadh orm am lialg seididh agam a reic 
air son m' fharadli a ])haidheadli. 

A nis a ghoi.stidh, tiach gu 'm bi thu seasmh- 
ach dileas air taobh nan (iaidheal, 's air taobh 
na Gailig. Agus tha dochas agam gu 'm bi na 
Gaidheil seasmhach dileas air do thaobh-sa. Ma 
bheir tlm aite do 'n litir so cha 'n 'eil mi 'g radh 
nach sgriobh mi'g at-ionnsuidh a rithist 'n uair 
a bhios cothrom agam. Ach aig an am so 
feumaidh mi iarunn eile a chur 's an teallaich. 
'S mi le mor speis do charaide dileas, 
•'an latha chi 's nac fhaic," 

( iiinil \ SA.N-DUAN. 



In our next issue will apjiear the illustrated article 
by Mr John Mackay, Hereford, on the Danish expul- 
sion from the Reay country, and an interesting article 
by Mr. C. Fraser-Mackintosh, F.S.A. (Scot.), on "The 
two last Macdonakis of Tsla." giving some hitherto 
unpublished documents connected with Angus Mac- 
ilonald of Dunyvuig and the Glens, and his son, Sir 
.James Macdonald, last of Isla and their attempts to 
retrieve the fortimes of the CInn Iain Mor. The 
first prize (jaelio Sgeulachd at the Oban Mod will 
also appear. 'I'he following interesting contribu- 
tions will also find a place: — "The Highland Ances- 
tors of Dr. David Livingstone," by Kev. A. Maclean 
Sinclair, Nova Scotia; "A Sutherland Shinty Match," 
by Miss Uobina Findlater ; " A Minor Poet,'" by Miss 
K. S. Cameron ; " The Reay Fenciblcs," by Mr. D. 
M. Hose, and articles by Messrs. Malcolm MacFarlane, 
Henry Whyte, A. B. Maclennan, and other well- 
known writers. 



TTIE CKLTfC .MONTHLY. 



33 



STATE OF CAITHNESS FROM 1730 TO 
1760, AND THE SHERIFF. 

(An Old .AIS.). 



^^TfiT may be assumed that the North of Scot- 
^Jjjy land was not in a very settled condition 
=■ during the above period, and it appears 
from an old manuscript, entitled " Information 
respecting the present peculiar jiosition " of the 
County of Caithness, dated 17tli June, 17G0, 
that this county was in an excejitionally 
troubled state. The MS. referred to sets forth 
that more " riots and murders prevailed in 
Caithness than in any three counties in Scot- 
land." To have an end put to this sad position 
of matters, the interposition of superior autho- 
rity was called for, and this demand was 
couched in highly patriotic language. It asserted 
that Caithness was inferior to no county in 
B ritain, 
"if not 
before 
them all, 
i n f u r- 
n i shi n g 



Jlis Ma- 
jesty's 
armies in 
p r o p o r- 
l i o n to 
t h e i r 
rents, and 
fro 111 
whence 
not one 
man ever 
went to 
oppose his 
arm i e s." 
The pro- 
tection of the 




t'ui:s\\ i<:k ca.stlic in itu 



was therefore iii\okcd to 
remedy the distresses of the people " in this 
dangerous, deplorable situation." But what 
rendered the condition of matters tlie more 
curious was the fact that Sinclair, the laird of 
Freswick, was accused of conniving at some of 
the proceedings, and that Mr. Sinclair, the then 
young laird of Freswick, who was appointed 
Sheriff- Depute of the county about 1748, did 
not trouble himself much about the de|ireila- 
tions that were going on. 

" The information " contains a detailed narra- 
tive of the causes of complaint. It recites that 
robberies were unknown in Caithne.ss until 
about 1730, and thereafter describes at length 
the princijial incidents of the subsequent thirty 
year.s. 

It would a)ipear that about 1730 a stranger 
named Bernard Climis came to Caithness, and 



he formed a gang of desperadoes who, it is said, 
■•distresst the countiy." He is charged with 
having " seduced, trained, and headed a band of 
the most profligate of th(^ people." This band 
apparently carried on their operations for some 
years in the county, robbing and murdering 
where it suited them. Their conduct, however, 
roused the temper of the county gentlemen, who 
assisted the Sheriff in capturing the whole gang. 
Two of the principal ringleaders were sentenced 
to death. One of them, Donald Miller, was 
hanged, while the other who had been sentenced 
to death was sent, through some influence, to 
undergo another trial in Edinburgh. On his 
way there, however, he made his escape. 
Another man, named Donald Banks, '• va," 
shot and thereafter killed with a sword or cut- 
lass in open daylight, on the the Sands of Dun- 
net," while James Hunter, the murderer, who 

had left 
Caithness 
for a little 
time, re- 
turned to 
the coun- 
ty, wliere 
he lived 
"quite un- 
co nee r n- 
e d 1 V." 
W li a t 
aggrav a- 
t e d the 
people was 
the c i r- 
cumstance 
tliat Hun- 
t e r w a s 
protected 
by old 
Freswick, 
who gave him the utmost countenance. 

But, instead of getting better, matters were 
gradually getting worse. A new and more 
powerful gang appeared, under the leadership of 
a new comer to the county, named Samuel 
Campbell. He and his family were nicknamed 
"Jews." The inhabitants con)plained that the 
new comers " made no account of themselves, 
from wlience they came or what tliev were 
about, nor were they called tqjon to do so." It 
seems that the Campbells went about with a 
lot of uiercliandise, which they .sold under value, 
but certaiidy contrary to the methods of the 
Jewish fraternity. Old Campbell had ample sup- 
plies of money, and latterly his eldest .son, .John, 
" married a gentleman's daughter of character 
and credit — a fir.st cousin of the Sheriff- Depute." 
This connection, although not countenanced by 
the Sheriff- Depute, increased the boldness of the 



34 



rHE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Cam|il)ells, because, as the MS. states, they 
" evident Ij' ])ri'sumed upon tlie connection, and 
were known to distress the inhabitants of the 
town of Thurso. The suti'ereis chose to put up 
with their losses rather than try an attack upon 
the character of these Campbells." After an 
investigation it became evident that there were 
about twenty men in the gang, and that old 
Campbell was the recognised leader, he being, 
in the words of the MS , possessed " of a large 
stock of sagacity and subtilty." A numlier of 
murders followed. Hugh Munro. merchant, 
Thurso, was killed in his own liou.se " by thrust- 
ing a sharp iron in his ear through his head," 
and so was John Swanson, alius " Canny." The 
shop of James Mackay, merchant, in Thurso, 
was broken into and the goods taken away. 

G. M. SUTHKKLAND. 
Wii-k. 

(T,> he conduded.) 



A MACKAY-LAND SPOT IN LONDON 
TOWN. 

^i^TPUST imagine the sounds of the Pidlj M/im- 
^•''r^ rushing into your ears through the thick 
V^' atmos])here of a London street on a dark, 
wet night. You look around and find that the 
surprise comes from under an end door several 
steps above the lev(d of the pavement of one of 
the colonies of small streets away to the north 
of "The Angel." It was no imugination with 
me, but a delightful reality ; and with very 
little he.sitation I dashed up the half stair and 
knocked. The door was opened so quickly, 
that the bright little man who responded must 
have had a premonition that the knock w;is 
coining. Just iis quick was the greeting in the 
Gaelic of a born Londoner, and a warm welcome 
to the man who had so much of the Highlander 
in hirn as to impel him to break through cere- 
mony and make fur where the voice of the 
mountains was iieard. In 1 go, in response to 
the warmest of invitations, and on being pre- 
sented to as bright a wife — busy as a bee among 
household aflkirs on Saturday night — we de- 
scend to tlii^ region whence the stirring melody 
of Gille Caliiiii issues. TIer(! we (ind Archie 
Mackay, a strapping lad of fifteen, playing the 
pipes with a pleasant, easy grace, and Donald, 
under thirteen, going through the swoi'd dance 
with masterly ease and loving care. I do not 
know which to place first, the utter want of 
backwardness or equally marked absence of 
forwardness, in the two lads Never did I see 
anything which went to show the nativity of 
tho.se (jualities which have made the genuine 
Highlander be acce|ited as a liorn gentleman. 
Tliere is love of the household gods there, and 
there is the hold on the young hearts which the 



mountains and the waterfalls and the rocks of 
the land of heroes and of bards and pipers have 
taken during early pilgrimages to the Mackay 
country, and to the lands of Deirdre and the 
sons of Uisneach. 

The pipes change hands by and bye, and the 
smaller boy puts the Viigger one through the 
same performance among the sticks which serve 
for swords. This done, we have a spell of con- 
versation, in Gaelic or English as hajipens, much 
of it in reference to the classic shores of Loch 
Etive, where they all had spent portions of 
recent summers, and ranging from .Tohn ("amp- 
bell's poetry, and gardening and grotto Sunday 
class, over the remains of Barr a GlioblininH and 
of Griaiian Dli&ird- nil, to the majestic brow and 
noble crown of Criiachan-beanii. But the jiipes 
aie almost palj)itating on their bed to be again 
allowed to throw their share into the least of 
most delightfully excited reason and How of 
pellucid j)atriotism ; and Archi(> and John Mac- 
kay, descendants of remote Highland fathers, 
are asked to relieve the agonies of the instru- 
ment. Each takes up an instrument, and they 
are in an instant marching under the solemn 
drones, whose far ofi' sounds mix so well with 
the sharper notes of the chanter. From slow 
to quick they change, and from quick to quicker, 
until we actually have the two agile performers 
dancing as well as playing the 'l'ii/aich<:an. 'J'his 
is irresistil)le, and the father taking up one 
angle of the figure, and Donald the other — like 
the rest, jierfeclly spontaneously — the pride and 
pomj) of the great, the petty strifes of trade, 
and the foul atmosphere of the London .shops 
are as completely excluded as if the whole scene 
had been away beneath the green waves which 
move over the tree toi)S of Eilcwi iia h-Oi<je. 

By and bye the father takes one of the 
instruments and gives us "Scots wha ha'e " and 
"Corn Riggs " with a power which sends us to 
the corn riggs of the Carse of Stirling, whence 
we behold the monument on the Abbey Craig 
in the light of a glorious moon which defies the 
mirky gloom of London. And so on, and so on 
— all of which J must leave you to spell out in 
your own imagination until I my.self could not 
I'esist the s))ell, and 1 must perform my little 
sliare (in .lohn Mackay 's splendid instrument. 
Who could nnl play it, es]iecially after all that 
had gone before — and ofi' I come, defying the 
rain and the soot, and the mud and the noise of 
the London streets, to efi'ace one feature in the 
little picture of a corner of the Mackay country 
in the good old times, when clansmen were more 
valuable than deer, and clanswomen more pre- 
cious than ruliies. 

The best Highlanders in London will have no 
dilliculty in making out where- this Mackay-land 
spot is situated. John Murdoch. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



ROBERT FERGUSSON, STIRLING. 



^^t^yOBERT FEKGUSSON, now of Stii-liuK, 
VRK? was boru in 1819, at East Stronvar, Bal- 
"3^^ quhidder. He is what would be con- 
sidered an old man ; yet though his locks are 
white his heart is young, and his nature 
buoyant and simple as that of a yt)uth. Age 
caimot wither nor custom* stale the infinite 
variety of his ways for 
promoting things 
Highland. A poet, he 
loves the music of the 
Gael, and learned ear- 
ly to sympathise wdth 
nature, as he roamed 
amid the hills and 
Iteside the mountain 
torrents of his native 
glen. The jjarish 
school — at that time 
close to the church- 
yard — received him 
as a faithful scholar, 
quick to learn, and 
well acquainted with 
the Gaelic tongue, 
which was taught 
him by his father. 
In the tompetition 
in that language 
in 1834 he gained 
the first J) r i z e 
H is education was 
continued in Stirling, 
the grey 'City of the 
rock,' and in 185U-7-8 
he passed through the 
F.C. Training College 
in Edinburgh. His 
profession of a school- 
master was, however, 
liegun at Dalveich, 
Lochearnside, in 
1836, where Mr. 
Ferguson had the 
honour of having 
two futui'e poets as 
his pupils — the late 
Rev. Samuel Fergusson of Fortiiigall, author of 
"The Queen's mit, and other poems," and Mr 
Donald M'Laren, Ardveich, whose songs and 
poems are aU in Gaelic For some time Mr. 
Fergusson taught the school of Strathyre hall- 
owed with memorie.s of Dugald Buchanan the 
Cowper of the Highlands, whose Spiritual songs 
are well known to all lovers of (iaelic poetry, 
and in whose memory the sul)ject of our sketch 
was instrumental in raising a memorial foun- 




tain, which has its site near to the railway 
station. From 1842 to Is4<) he was a teacher 
in Stirling, and in the ncighbimrhood of Dun- 
fermline from 184G to 185li, where his love for 
song and poetry was greatly fostered through 
intercourse with D. K. Coutts, his then school 
assistant, an<l afterwards master of Dr. Bell's 
Sclio(;il, Leitli. In this school he was again 
favoured with another poet in one of his pupils 
— Mr. J. Millar, now of London, author of 
"ZigZag" and "My 
Lawyer," ^Vc. From 
1858 to 18(58 Mr, 
Fergusson acted as a 
teacher in a mission 
school connected with 
the Free Church, near 
Fordoun Station. 
During this time he 
occasionally acted as 
local preacher, and 
officiated in almost 
all the Free Church 
jndpits within the 
Presbytery. The 
close of Mr. Fergus- 
son's active career as 
a schoolmaster was 
spent in the little vil- 
lagei if li'aploch. which 
nestles under the 
steep grej' crags of 
Stirling Castle. He 
lias now retiriMl and, 
h.uiiig i-olcbratcd his 
juliilee.iswell entitled 
to do so. His time is 
cliietly occupied in 
lining what he can to 
fni'thcr the cause of 
('cltic literature and 
the continuation of 
the Gaelic language. 
As an ex-president of 
the Stirhng Highlan- 
ders' Society, he has 
had no small influence 
in fostering Celtic 
sentiment, and the 
Clan Fergusson So- 
ciety has in him, one of its original promoters. 
" His poetical productions," says Mr. Edwards, 
in his Miidern Scoftixh Poets, " possess a re- 
markable roundness and completeness of 
thought and while graceful iu their sim- 
plicity, and set in smooth and musical words, 
they "ever manifest buoyancy and spontaneity 
of flow, and occasional quiet pathos." 

R. Menzies Fekgdsson, M.A. 



36 



THE CKLTIC MONTHLY. 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Thk MacAlpiiies claim to be the most aiicieut of 
the clans. 

TwnNTYoNE Highland chiefs with their clans 
fought on the side of Bruce at Rannockburn. 

Thrke fought in the English ranks — tlic Mac- 
Dougiills, Cummings, and MacNabs. 

The Hbkdkusons of Caithness are a sejit of the 
Clan Gunn. 

Fou a Highlander to lose his sword in battle was 
considered an everlasting disgrace. 

There is a certain loch in Perthshire where, the 
people say, the great water-horse has been frequenly 
very nearly seen ! 

It is said that the MacPhersons were never defeated 
in battle. This was, perhaps, because they did not 
fight once a week as most other clans did ! 

The fi.xed BAroNEr, which has been adopted by the 
armies of all European nations, was first introduced 
into warfare by General Hui;h Mackay of Scourie. 

Mac Fear:*. — Can any one give me the origin of this 
stirname ? I am told there is an interesting song and 
story connected with it. 

DiiNVKQAN Casti.r, tlie seat of the Chief of the 
MacLeods, is the oldest inhabited fortress in the 
British Isles. 

There is an old Highland superstition to the effect 
that those who parted on a bridge would never meet 
again. 

Sir William Wallace, the Scottish hero, was of 
the fjaelic race, and his army which routed the Eng- 
lish at the battle of Stirling IJridge was composed 
almost entirely of Highlanders. 

\Vhi;n thk Hkreuitahy JuBisnicTiox Act was 
passed after the '-15, the Campbells got ,£4,5,800, and 
the Menxies £12,000 as compensation. There was a 
grand scramble for the [ilunder. 

In the CKicKKT ti-.am which represented " Eng- 
land" against Australia recently there were two Gaels 
--Gunn and MacGregor. No wonder "England" 
won ! 

The ( 'ameron Clan. — The first regiment to scale the 
ramparts at Tel-el-Kebir was the Cameron High- 
landers; an<l the first man to meet a soldier's death in 
the attack was Donald CanuTon. a Locliaber man. 

Thk Kikst Gaelic Soiree held in Glasgow, came 
olT in the St. Clair Hall, Uobertson Street, under the 
auspices of the Gaelic Lodge of (jood Templars, on 
!Hh October, 1.173. 

The Funeral of Lord Lovat, in Ifiyi, was at- 
tended by lOilOMunros, 10(10 Kosses, 1000 Erasers, 
900 Mackenzies, and ilOO Grants, all armed. The 
historian quaintly remarks that the " proceedings 
passed oil' peacealily ! " 

Gf the S(I0 MacLean's who took part in the Battle 
of Inverkeithing, not more than 10 escaped with life. 
In attempting to shield the person of the chief (Sir 
Hector) from injury, no less than eight gentlemen of 
the name of Maclean lost their lives, hence the Gaelic 
proverb, " Fear eil' airson Eachuinti I " — another for 
Hector I 

'J'he MActiREOOR's Si.oiiAN, or war cry, was " Ard- 
Choille" — the woody height; their gathering tune, 
" Itnaiij Ghlitine Freoiue " — the chase of Glen Fruin ; 
and their banner was of green, the famous " Pine- 
crested Uanncr." 



The Mackays did not accept a charter lor their 
lands till 14851, and are supposed to have been the 
last clan to accept a •'sheepskin" charter. The 
Strong Hand {Manit- Forli) had hitherto been their 
best right of possession. 

The late Chief of the Grants, the Earl of 
Seafield. had a truly chequered career. He was 
successively an auctioneer's clerk, a storeman at a 
salary of 30s. per week, and a baililV in the town of 
Omaru, New-/Cealand. 

The DiTKE of Sutherland has decided to increase 
the crofters' holdings by breaking up some of the 
larg(^ farms. I hope I shall be there to see the people 
entering the land of my forefathers — the " Promised 
Land " — Stralhiiaver and Kildonan. 

Cluny Maci'heuson, who was out in 174."), de- 
clared, after the Battle of Falkirk, that the English 
cavalry must have very thick skulls, as he "struck 
at them till he was tired, and was scarcely able to 
break one. '" No wonder ! The horsemen wore iron 
skull-caps in their hats ! 

While spending mv annual holiday in the 
romantic Reay country recently, I received the fol- 
lowing lines froni a poetic friend in Loridon, who was 
evidently sighing for a sight of his own native 
mountains : 

'■ Ami oft lio I loni;, 

Witii ;i tear in my eye. 

Kill- a -.'liinpsc of tlie lulls 

In liif l.-inil of Mackay." 

" Higiiund" Troops in India. — Two of the finest 
regiments at present stationed in India are, 1 believe, 
the Seaforth iligblanders, and the !)ord Sutherland 
Highlanders. Other crack Scotch regiments are there 
as well. Yet this is the impudent manner in which the 
London Standard insults their Scotch nationality. 
It says — " In regard to the armament ol tlie I'Juylith 
(!) troops in India. 70,000 magazine rifles have now 
been sent from England." And yet Scotch papers 
would reproduce this insult, and present it to their 
readers without protest! We had better all bi'come 
" Englishmen " at once, if we wish to be in the 
fasliion. 

Strength of the Sutheklandshire Clans— The 
following list, compiled from the electoral roll of 
1885, will interest many of our readers. The figures 
are instructive as showing the relative strength of 
the clans which have been specially identified with 
the past history of the county :— Mackays, 547 ; 
Macleods, 237 ; Sutherlands, 230 ; Bosses, 177 ; 
Mackenzies, 170; Munros, 120; Macdonalds, Hi); 
Murrays, 117; Mathesons, !)2 ; Campbells, 82; 
Guiiiis, 02 ; Morrisons, 02 ; Grants, 44; Gordons, 41; 
Sinclairs, 23; Macleans, 19; Kerrs, 19; Banner- 
mans, lii. An analysis of the above figures shows 
some curious results. In the five parishes which 
comprise the Mackay country, we find that there are 
334 Mackays, while the total of all other names 
only amounts to' 430, which shows how strong the 
clan is still in its ancient lerrilory. In Assynt, tlir 
Macleod country, the Macleods number IIU, while 
the otlurr names number lati. In the eight parishes 
in the south, where the Sutherlands would be ex- 
pected to lie strongest, we find they number only 
193, while the Mackays, the northern clan, are 20li. 

We shall give the Caithness clans in our ne.\t. 
Would any of our readers favour us by sending an 
analysis of the electoral rolls of the other Highland 
counties V 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 
NEWS OF THE MONTH. 



57 



Glasgow Mull and Iona A^soriATioN. — Tlie 
annual meeting of this society was Iiekl in the St. 
Andrew's Hull on 3rd October —Mr Duncan Mac- 
kinnon in the chair. The annual reports showed 
the association to be in a flourishing condition. 
Tlie following oftice-bearers were elected : — Hon. 
jiresident, Sir Fitzroy D. MacLean ; president, 
Donald MacPherson ; vice-i)resident, Duncan Mac- 
Kinnon ; treasurer, Edward Archer ; secretary, 
Jolin M. Murray, 41 Brcadalliane Street, and 
twelve directors. The social gathering will take 
]ilace in the City Hall on the last Friday of 
February next. 

Edinburgh Sutherland Association. — The 
monthly meeting was held on the (jth nit. Rev. 
Peter Dewar, M. A., North Bute, gave an interest- 
ing account of the enquiry now benig carried on by 
the Psychical Research Society on the suliject of 
'■Second Sight" in the Highlands. Mr. Dewar 
mentioned that the belief in the supernatural still 
seems prevalent in Sutherland, and asked the 
members to send notes ujion any instances which 
came under their observation. 

Oaelii- Society of Inverness. — The first meet- 
ing of the season was held in Inverness — Mr. Ale.v. 
Mackenzie presiding. Eleven new members were 
elected. At the close of the meeting Mr. Colin. 
Cliisholm, Namur Cottage, sang a Gaelic song. 

New Kintvke Association. — At an enthusiastic 
meeting of natives of Kintyre resident in Glasgow, 
held on (ith ult., a new society was formed, and 
othce-bearers elected. — Hon. president. Rev. James 

C. Russell, D.D. ; president, David Andrews ; 
secretaries, Donald Fisher and Donald Stalker ; 
treasurer, Thomas MacPhail. The objects of the 
association are to form a bond of union among 
Kintyrians in Glasgow, to foster native interests 
ai.d sentiment, iyid to promote the welfare of its 
members. The society has already received en- 
couraging support. The meetings are held fort- 
nightly in the Religious Institution Rooms, 
I'luchanan Street, and all interested are cordially 
invited. 

The Menzies Clan Society. — On Saturday, 7th 
ult., the annual meeting was held at Aberfeldy. 
Mr. Walter Menzies presided. There was a large 
attendance. The secretary's report was most satis- 
factory, the total funds of the society being oyer 
£300, £270 of which were intended to form the 
nucleus of a clan bursary. Sir Robei-t Menzies, 
Bart., chief of the clan, on entering the meeting, 
received a hearty welcome, amidst cries of " The 
red and white for ever ! " (the colours of the 
Menzies tartan). Office-bearers were then ap- 
pointed as follows : — Chief, Sir Robert Menzies, 
Bart. ; junior chief. Captain Neil James Menzies ; 
captain, Fetcher Norton Menzies ; chieftains, Lieut. 
W. G. S. Menzies of Culdares ; Major W. J. B. S. 
Menzies of Chesthill ; president, \V. W. Graham 
Menzies ; convener, Walter Menzies ; secretary, 

D. P. Menzies, F.S.A. (Scot.); treasurer. Rector 
Tnomas Menzies, F.E.I.S. ; and also local secre- 
taries and pijiers. 

Clan IMacLeod Society. — The opening meeting 
of the session was held on the 0th ult.— Mr. Brodie 
MacLeod presiding. Mr. Henry Whyte read a 



liaper on "Gaelic Poetry and Music of the Clan 
MacLeod.'" He referred to the various bards of 
the clan, and to the poems which had been com- 
posed in its honour. He gave examples of the 
compositions of Mary MacLeod (Mairl nUilieaii. 
Ahtsdair Enaidh), the lament for " Roary Mor," 
and " MacCrimmon's Lament," &c. In the present 
century the clan has been well represented by 
capable poets, and he referred specially to Neil 
MacLeod, Murdo MacLeod, Peter MacLeod, and 
others. Several of those present having expressed 
their pleasure at listening to so interesting a lecture, 
a hearty vote of thanks was awarded to the lecturer. 
It may be mentioned that the chief of the clan is 
to pay a visit to this city in April, when he is to 
receive a Highland welcome from the memliers of 
the clan. 

The Clan Grant Sociktv are to have a grand 
concert in Glasgow about the middle of November, 
Professor Sir Ludovic Grant, Edinburgh Univer- 
sity, in the chair. 

Glasgow Sutherland Association. — The .society 
met in the Assembly Rooms, on the 5th ult. — IMr. 
Donald Mackenzie, president, in the chair. Dr. J. 
F. Sutherland delivered an instructive lecture on 
" Old Age Pensions," which led to an interesting 
discussion. Resolutions were passed condenming 
tlie sentences passed upon the Airdens Crofters, 
and in favour of an extension of the Crofters' Act 
to leaseholders. The association's funds amount to 
£3.5. 

The (Jlasgow Cowal Soi ietv's funds amount 
to £830. 

The Clan M.ackay held their monthly meeting 
on the 19th ult. in Glasgow — Mr. Alex. Mackay, 
president, in the chair. A paper was read on " A 
Mackay-Land Spot in London Town." which will 
be found in this issue of the C'clfir Mmdhhi. The 
meeting was a vei'y enjoyable one. The Society's 
funds amount to £780, exclusive of a sum of over 
£.')0(.) which was raised for the fishing disaster in 
Sutherland. 

The Clan Mai 'Millan are to have a social gather- 
ing this month. 



Glasoow Cowal Shinty CLrn. — We beg to 
aikiM'ulcilue, with thanks, receipt of the follow- 
iiii; il.iii:it h.iis towards the club-hou.se fund; — 
Larlil;m .Macdonald, Esq., of Skeabost,Skye (patron), 
£1 ; W. Sutherland Hunter, Esq., Pollokshields 
(patron), 5s. We shall be glad to receive and 
acknowledge further subscriptions. 

More Sutherland Bursaries. — Mr. John 
Mackay, C.E., J.P., Hereford, has again sho^vn his 
interest in his native parish in a practical way. He 
has provided a bursary of £25 for four years to 
Rogart lads, to be called the "Cromartie" Bursary, 
in honour oi the late Duchess of Sutherland, and 
another of £15 for four years for girls, to be called 
the " Alexandra," in honour of the late Lady 
Alexandra. 

John iMacKenzie, of tbe "Beauties," and 
!Mr. T. D. MacDocald, Canada, were very 
intimate friends, and Evan MacCoU, the poet, 
and be were bed-fellows in Glasgow. Old Dr. 
Norman MacLeod was a constant visitor at 
Luchlau MacLeau's shop. 



38 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO MY HIGHLAND HOME. 



Oh wavelet, playing at my feet, 

Seek thou the open sea, 
Anil, mounted on a billow fleet. 

Bear a greeting back from me 
To the Ben on whose brown heather 

I have frolicked when a child. 
To the kindest foster-mother 

That e'er on nursling smiled. 
Tell her, as in the hollow shell 

The music of the brine. 
So doth the n.ountain spirit dwell 

In this lone heart of mine ; 
As its fairy legend clingeth 

To yonder ruin grey, 
So her haunting presence flingeth 

Its charm round me alway. 
I greet lier in the wild, wild sea 

That kneeleth at her feet. 
Sinking his voice, caressingly, 

■[ o murmurs low and sweet ; 
In the wind that roams the hollow, 

And plays on her heathy crest, 
I come on the wing of the swallow. 

For shelter, and Summer, and rest. 
I greet the river from the glen, 

The rushy, flowcrgeninied lea, 
The cottage by the hazel den, 

A iid the gnarled, old oak tree ; 
Anil, the children's feet caressing. 

As they gather shells by the tide, 
I send on the breeze a blessing 

To the kirk on the green hillside. 
Kach ferny nook, and rocky height. 

Each bo.«ky woodland grove 
On mem'ry's tide lies mirrored bright 

In the magic light of love : 
I see it all in the sunlight, 

When the rose and the hawthorn blow, 
And I see it again when the moonlight 

Shines full on the ermine snow ! 

My home upon the mountain side, 

I dwell for aye in thee ; 
Nymph like, within my fount abide. 

As the mermaid in her sea; 
How oft, from the deeps of feeling, 

l'"rom her cave, hid far from the light. 
An imprisoned thought comes stealing 

In the calm, sweet hours of night; 
She sings to me the cradle-song 

That lulled my early youth — 
The love of freedom, hale of wrong, 

The praise of peace and truth, 
And the spirit of the mountain 

Takes up the glad refrain, 
Till my being's ice-bound fountain 

Springs joyously upward again. 
The mists of sorrow roll away 

That wrapped my soul in gloom. 
The light breaks forth, with mellow ray, 

My life to re-illume ; 
The hopes that seemed to be shattered 

Take deeper, firmer root. 
And the buds whose blossoms were scattered 

Change fast into ripening fruit. 



Now say, oh wavelet, to the hill 

Upon whose breast I've played. 
So precious to my heart is still 

Each dell, and rock, and glade. 
E'en in death shall her child turn to greet her, 

As the spirit returns to its God, 
And, methinks, I should slumber the sweeter 

If wrapped in her heathery sod ! 

K. W. G. 



To the Editor, "Celtic Monthly." 



•THE UAUIJ OF OLD OAIL." 

Sib, — Your remarks on the so called " Highland 
Honours" at festivals, &c., in your last issue, em- 
bolden me to call attention to 'one or two mo<lern 
customs which are very common with thoughtless 
people when writing in English on OaeUc matters. 

The first is — such writers are sure to use the words 
"Celt" and "Celtic," when they mean Oael and 
Oaelach, to use the short spelling. I have never 
seen or heard the word " Celt " in our own language, 
and for classification purposes it would be as correct 
to refer to a modern Lowlander or Sassanach as a 
Teuton. When the reader pronounces it " Selt " the 
absurdity is complete. 

"The Garb of Old Gaul" is another misleading 
and favourite phrase, for which the author of that 
much-quoted song is responsible. I remember in my 
youthful days being under the firm belief that it 
meant the costume of old France, though at the time 
pretty well acquainted with stories of GoU or Gall 
Mac Morna, to whom, I believe, it refers, but which 
I never heard pronounced '• Gaul," the vowel being 
sounded short. 

" Kingal" — I wonder if any of your readers have 
ever heard this name in Gaelic — I never have, in 
either Ireland or Scotland. It was always Fioim, or 
Fioiin Mac CumJiat. I notice that Lieut.-Colonel 
Stewart, in your last two issues, uses " Fingal " in 
the papers which he contributes, and also that he 
makes Cuchullainn a contemporary of the Kiana, 
upon what authority I ilo not know, as both the oral 
and written legends place them in two different 
epochs altogether. 

I was much interested in the enjoyable paper on 
Gaelic music by Mr. M. Macfarlane, and ajiru}ios of 
the tendency in Irish Gaelic to substitute I for »■. I 
remember hearing Grajnluch for Gregorach, and is 
not the name Frazer Frizallach in Gaelic ? 

Mac UuAGHBir.H. 



A TALENTED CAITHNESS LADY. 

Sill, — Permit me to refer, in a few lines, to a 
distinguished lady of this covmty, whose recent 
death we deeply deplore. Mrs. Roger, Druid Hull, 
Durban, S. Africa, was the younger daughter of 
the late Mr. Donald Mackay, Upiier Lybster, where 
her ancestors settled, when evicted from Strath- 
naver. She was nearly related to the well known 
and highly respected Mackays of Montreal. Born 
at Lybster in 18.")8, she was educated in the F. C. 
school there, and subsequently at Heay. At the 
age of L5, she entered the (jueen Street Ladies' 
College, Edinburgh, wliere, in addition to other 
prizesjl^she carried off the £100 scholarship, which 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



39 



was regarded as the 'blue riband' uf the institution. 
She afterwards passed tlie University examination 
in niatheiuatics and Enijlish literature, for the 
degree of M. A. About 14 years aL;o, she accepted 
an appointment in the Ladies' College, Durban, 
where she laboured with ability and success. In 
1884, she was married to Mr. George Roger. Her 
death, on the ]st April last, filled with sadness 
many an aching heart, both in the old and in her 
adopted country. Her wliole life was devoted to 
acts of charity, and in furthering mission work, 
and the tribute which was paid her memory, by the 
Natal papers, was a fitting acknowledgment of a 
life nobly spent in doing good. 

R,.:,\ Hugh Campbell. 



R EVI EWS. 



" FisHiN<i Incidents and Auvkntuke.s. " By 
Malcolm Ferguson. (Dundee : John Leng & Co.). 
Mr. Ferguson has added another volume to his 
interesting series of works on the Highlands, and 
we consider it the best which has yet come from 
his pen. Although it appeals specially to the fol- 
lowers of the gentle art, it contains many features 
which ought to make it welcome to the ordinary 
reader. His descriptions of Highland scenery are 
always true to nature ; and no one knows better 
than Mr. Ferguson how to tell a good story well. 
The volume is brimful of racy stories, some hunnjr- 
ous, others exciting enough to enthrall the reader's 
attention. The book is also valuable from an his- 
torical point of view, for the author is deeply 
learned in the traditions, poetry, and folk-lore of 
his native Perthshire, and he has imparted into 
these sketches a good deal of his own rich store of 
kniiwledge. The printing and binding are excel- 
lent, and the portrait of the author, which appears 
as a frontispiece, and the other illustrations, are 
very artistic. Mr. Ferguson's name will be familiar 
to our readers. His portrait appeared in our 
February issue, and an article by him on the 
"Black Watch Memorial" found a place in the 
Septendier number. We trust that the " Fishing 
Incidents and Adventures " will have a large sale. 

The En(!Lish Ilu'.strateh Magazine for October 
is specially interesting to Highlanders on account 
of the exceedingly fine portrait of Lord Aberdeen, 
the new Governor of Canada, which appears as 
the frontispiece. An interesting biographical 
sketch of this head of the ' ' Gay Gordons " is also 
given. Some of the illustrations in this number of 
the EiuiUhIi, lUustniti-il are the finest specimens of 
zincography which we have ever seen. 

"The Scottish Canadian" (Toronto) now ap- 
pears in a new and neater form. Its contents are 
always varied and instructive, and we look forward 
each week to its arrival with much pleasure, the 
news of the Highland societies across the seas being 
of peculiar interest to us. We are sorry to learn 
that the talented editor, Mr. Alex. Fraser (our own 
Canadian correspondent), has been seriously ill for 
some time past — which accounts for the absence of 
oiu- " Canadian Letter" of late — but we are glad 
to state that he is now convalescent and about to 
resume his editorial duties. 

"Sweetheart Gwen: A Welsh Idyll." By 
William Tirebuck. (London : Longmans, Green 



& Co., 189.3). — Those who want to read a charming, 
if sketchy, Welsh story will find such a thing here. 
If the name of the writer be new to many, " Sweet- 
heart Gwen " affords a cordial means of introduc- 
tion to one it is worth our while to know. Welsh 
farm life is faithfully and lovingly dejiicted ; a 
child's feelings and recollections, with the light of 
romance-magic resting upon the smallest details, 
are most felicitously portrayed ; and — in Part III. 
especially, which is, alas, aLso the sand-bed in 
which the forceful and limpid river of narrative 
loses itself — wit and fancy play themselves between 
graver thoughts that are in turn pale with regi-et 
and red with desire. This pen, at lea.st, runs to 
fine issues, oftentimes, and even when it but toys 
with its own powers shows something of the diamond 
point. In a word, this is a tale wherein we may 
enjoy a singularly fresh presentment of a fascinat- 
ing, and perhaps not altogether unusual, relation- 
ship between the sexes, which ends — ah, well, buy 
the book. 



Highland Charity Ponebals.— It has been the 
habit on the west coast for the Parochial Board to 
supply three bottles of whisky at the funerals of 
paupers. Recently, it was decided to restrict this 
magnificent allowance, and iu future to supply only 
one bottle. After that, there was no genuine enthus- 
iasm over pauper funerals in that district, and the 
Hoard had to defray the cost, which came to more 
than the value of the extra two bottles. It was then 
decided to go back on the old arrangement, and now 
that there is more whisky to be had, pauper funerals 
have become more popular than ever. A sarcastic 
friend has endeavoured to point out to us a connection 
between the quantity of whisky and the amount of 
enthusiasm, but we do not profess to recognise it. To 
us it only seems clear that the people have educated 
themselves up to an appreciation of pauper funerals ! 



"Second-Sight" in Scotland. — -The Society for 
Psychical Research are at present engaged upon an 
inquiry into second-sight in Scotland, and we have 
been invited to give our personal experiences, or such 
authentic information as we possess on the subject. 
We fear that if we gave a circumstantial account of 
our own experiences, and those of persons of our 
acquaintance still living, some enterprising novelist 
would seize upon the facts and make a fortune out of 
them ! We intend shortly publishing a well authen- 
ticated case of second-sight in the Highlands, which, 
in its weird and startling details, will make even the 
members of the Psychical Society feel a little uncom- 
fortable. However, some of our readers may be able 
to assist the committee in their inquiry, and for their 
information we append the following queries : — " (1) Is 
second-sight believed in by the people of your neigh- 
bourhood ? (2) Have you yourself seen or heard of 
any cases which appear to imply such a gift ? If so, 
will you send me the facts ? (.3) Can you refer rae to 
anyone who has had personal experience, and who 
would be disposed to make a statement to me on the 
subject ? (4) Do you know of any persons who feel 
an interest, and would be disposed to help, in this 
inquiry ? " The Rev. Peter Dewar, The Manse, 
North Bute, Rothesay, will be pleased to hear from 
anyone who has any information to communicate on 
the subject of second-sight. 



40 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



CAMANACHD NOTES. 



The Shinty Association. — The formation of a 
shinty association, whicli was duly inaugurated at 
Kingussie on tlio 10th uH., is the chief subject of 
discussion in camanachd circles at present Four- 
teen clubs were represented at the meeting, otiice- 
bearers were appointed, and a code of rules was 
adopted. The clubs represented at the meeting 
were all located in the north, the place of meeting 
(Kingussie) being too far distant for clubs in the 
south and west to send delegates. Had Perth 
been chosen as a centre the meeting would have 
been more representative of the Highlands. The 
formation of an association is certainly a step in 
tlie right direction. It is a pity, however, that the 
west country clubs were not represented, because 
the rules adopted differ materially from tho.se ad- 
liered to by many of the ehibs in the west and 
soutli, and we fear they may not be ready to adopt 
in their entirety those arranged. We may also ask, 
is it wise to elect all the office-bearers from north 
country clubs alone, and ignore the west alto- 
gether ( And why 6k the annual business meeting 
for Inverness a year in advance .' If the associa- 
tion is intended to represent the north only this 
may seem right and proper, but if it is to include 
the clubs at a distance it is foolishness to e.xpect 
these clubs to send delegates so far. Why not 
make the meeting at Perth, which would be a 
central place for all parties ? Was it necessary to 
fix a date for the ne.xt annual business meeting 
already — could this not have been left to the office- 
bearers to decide upon later on '. There are, we 
daresay, as many clubs in the west and south as 
there are in the nortli, and the convenience and 
co-operation of these ought U> receive some con- 
sideration. These suggestions occurred to us as 
soon as we read the report of the meeting, and we 
find that this feeling is shared liy shinty players in 
general in this district. If it is not yet too late we 
would ask the ofHce-bearei's to give these matters 
tlieir earnest consideration, and so avoid any ai>- 
pearance of localising the association to any one 
part of the country. If this is not done the 
2)robability is that an association will Ije started to 
represent the west and south of Scotland and 
England. 

Thk London Nouthbhn Counties C.\.manai-iii) 
Cn'B held their annual business meeting on the 
Gth ult. The attendance was large and enthusiastic ; 
and the treasurer's rejiort showed a substantial 
balance at the credit of the club. We mulerstand 
tlnit a match has been arranged between the 
Camanachd and the Glasgow Cowal, which is to be 
played in London .sometime in December, or on 
New-Year's Day. A contest between these well- 
known clubs should aroiise some interest in shinty 
in the Metropolis. The following office-bearers 
were elected for the year :— Chief, Sujierintendent 
Colin Chisholm ; hon. captain, Lieut. Neil Mackay ; 
captain, W. Macgregor Stoddart ; vice-captain, 
Ewen Cattanach ; treasurer, A. Anderson ; secre- 
tary, J. Mackenzie, 45 Wilton Sriuare, Islingt( n. 
Connnittee— Roderick Maclcod, Kenneth Macaiday, 
Donald Miicgillivray, J. M. Watson, Neil Maclareii, 
D. Forbes, Alexander Mackenzie, John MacLoiu, 



James Smith, W. A. Martin, C. F. Munro, and 
Walter Nichol. Pi])ers, Donald Mackay, John 
Mackenzie, and' J. G. Mackay. Fourteen new 
members joined the Club. 

The Gl.\sgo\v Cowal Shivtv Club Tourna- 
ment, which took place on tlie 7th October, was a 
great success. Twenty four meudiers entered for 
the connietitions, an<l these were balloted for in 
teams of si.x each. The matches were very keenly 
contested, and finally resulted iu No. 1 team carrj'- 
ing off the honours. The following composed the 
winning team : — ^\'illianl Robin.son (goal), Peter 
Campbell, vice-captain ; Duncan Martin, Gilbert 
D. Gillies, Cameron Henderson, and .lohn Camp- 
bell. There was a large number of spectiitors 
present, who declared that they never saw a better 
exposition of shinty on any field. The Cowal men 
certainly were never in better form than they are 
at present. In the evening a social meeting was 
held— Mr John Mackay, editor, Cclfiv M^Hithlii, 
occupying the chair. After a substantial supjier, 
speeches were made, healths drank, and songs 
rendered by members and friends. The entertain- 
ment was very enjoyable, and others of a similar 
nature are to be arranged during the winter. 

EniNBURGH Camanachd Club. — The annual 
general meeting of this club was held on Friday, 
the 0th Dctober, and was well attended. Mr. W. 
G. Gumming occupied the chair. The minutes of 
of the last general meeting, as well as the annual 
detailed report, were read by the secretary and 
approved of. The following olfice-bearers were 
elected : — Chief, Mr. Patrick Cameron of Corry- 
choille ; chieftain, JMr. W. G. Cumming ; secretary 
and treasurer. Mr. T. H. Brodie. Committee — 
Messrs. Donald Cameron, A. Mackay Robson, 
Donald Oliver, Alex. Kennedy, Wm. Murray, Jack 
Lawson, and D. Smith. The Inverleith Park, 
where the club meets for practice, is now open, 
and we hope tlie devoted band who compose the 
club will receive the well-desorved encouragement 
of all Highlanders resident iu Edinburgh, and 
entluisiasis in tiieir national jiastime. 



OBITUARY. 



Death has laid its hand heavily of late anu)ng our 
subscribers. We regret to intimate the death of 
Mk. Mukdo Maclkod, Chief Maui.strate ok 
Stornoway, a gentleman highly respected in his 
native island, and by all who had the pleasine of 
knowing him. Mr. Maclcod was a liberal supporter 
of Gaelic literatm-e, and was among the first to 
welcome the advent of the Cett'n- Munildij- His 
early death will be lamented by nuiuy friends at 
home and abroad. 

Another typical member of the same clan, Mr. 
MuRuo Macleoi), of Bdinburoh, has also passed 
away. Mr. Macleod was a native of Assynt, 
Sutherland, and his services on behalf of his unfor- 
tunate countrymen will be long and gratefully re- 
membered, lie was an enthusiastic member of 
the Edinburgh Sutherland Association, and of the 
Clan Macleod Society. His manly form and genial 
presence will be missed by a large circle of friends. 




ALEXANDER MACDONALD, 

(Tuv)n t'hrk. (Juvan). 



TUB CELTIC MONTIIIvY: 

A MAGAZINE FOU HIGHLANDEfiS. 



No. 3. Vol. II] 



Edited bv JOHN MACKAY. Kingston. 

DEO EMBER, 1893 



[Price Threepence. 



ALEXANDER MACDONALD, GOVAN. 



I^IKE his famous clansmau. Marshal 
\\y IMacdonald, Duke of Tareutum, Air 



Alexander Macdonald belongs to the 
Clanranald branch of the great Clan 
Donald He was born at Irvine, ou 19th 
]March. 1824, and while jet an infant was 
taken from the land of Burns to the equally 
renowned land of ^'l lasdair Mac - M/mitjsrir 
A/(ifi/iin; whose songs will be sung while the 
Gaelic language is spoken. Mr. Macdonald 
commenced his legal studies in the town of 
Inverness, wliere he entered the office of Mr. 
Charles Stewart of Brin, who was confideutial 
solicitor to many of the distinguished families 
of the north. Among the important cases 
which were attended to in Mr. Stewart's 
chambers was the celelsrated Advocation of 
Brieves, between Lord Lovat, grandfather of 
the present baron, and the Rev. AJex. Gorden 
Eraser, of New York, who claimed the Lovat 
title and estates. Ujjwards of one hundred of 
the oldest men of the north wei'e examined as 
witnesses, and Mr. Macdonald remembers 
many of the interesting tales of the risings of 
1715 and '45 told by these witnesses. There 
are few people living now who can say that 
they have conversed with persons who had 
witnessed the closing events of the '45, and it 
is interesting to mention that, as a boy, the 
subject of our sketch spoke to one — his 
own grand-imcle — who had heard the tiring 
and seen the smoke of Culloden ! Among Mr. 
iMacdonald's school fellows at Inverness were 
the late Mr. Malcolm IM'Lennan, Procurator- 
Fiscal at Wick, author of "Peasant Life in the 
North," and his talented brother, ^Mr. John 
F. M'Lennan. M.A.. advocate, author of " Primi- 
tive Marriage," and other learned treatises. 

Mr. Charles Eraser-Mackintosh, whose name 
is a household word wherever Highlanders 
ai-e to be found, was another of his contem- 



poraries. That gentleman gave early promise 
of the industry, ability, and gentlemanly con- 
duct which have all along distinguished him 
through life In 1844 Mr. Macdonald left 
Inverness to prosecute his studies in the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, and was successful in 
taking the first prize for Scots law He after- 
wards matriculated in the University of Edin- 
burgh, and acted as secretary to Mr. Allan 
.Menzies, W.S., Professor of Conveyancing, 
whom he assisted in preparing his lectures. 

A\'hile still a law student he did not neglect 
his literary studies. In 1849, on the occasion 
of the Queen's visit to Scotland, the illnsijinr 
K.rjiiniiiir offered a prize for the best poem ou 
the auspicious event. About one hundred 
compositions were sent in, which were sub- 
mitted for adjudication to Sheriff Henry Glass- 
ford Bell, who awarded the prize to .^lr. Mac- 
donald. In this year he went to Germany to 
study l^oman law, and public and interna- 
tional law. After remaining abroad for 
about a year he returned to Scotland, and 
became a member of the Faculty of Procura- 
tors in Greenock, where he practised for 
several years, and conducted several imijortant 
church cases. In 1863 lie went to New 
Zealand, intending to settle there, but finding 
the country in a very dejoressed condition he 
returned to Scotland, and began business in 
Glasgow. 

In 1880 Mr. ^lacdonald was appointed to 
the important office of Town-Clerk of Govan, a 
position which he has since tilled with credit 
and distinction. He is also well known as a 
successful author, and has written several legal 
treatises — one on "Justices of the Peace and 
other Magistrates in Scotland," another on the 
law relative to " Masters, Workmen, Servants, 
and Apprentices," and also a compendium of 
of •• The Law with regard to National Educa- 
tion in Scotland," besides other minor works. 
In addition to these pi-ofessional works, he 
wrote " A Student's Adventures in Turkey and 
the East " and — founding on his experience of 
church cases — '-The Story of a .Disputed 
Settlement ; or, Love, Law, and Theology," 



42 



THE OKLTFC MONTHLY 



which were both published by Messrs. Diiun 
& Wright, (ilasgow. 

Both books- the latter iu particular — show 
a keen sense of humour, and from each we get 
pleasant and intelUgont glimpses of life imder 
vai'ious conditions. His literary style mani- 
fests the shrewd perception and methodical 
training of the lawyer, touched and softened 
l)y the bre.adth and freedom given by world- 
wide travel. Ma}' we venture to hope for a 
book based on the Jacobite period, and em- 
bodying Mr. iMacdonakVs delightful and unique 
stories of the "Rebellion"? .Mr. .Maedonald 
is one of the \iee presidents of the Clan ^lac- 
donald Society, and is at present engaged in 
gathering materials with regard to the life and 
times of .Marshal Maedonald, in which congenial 
imdertaldng wc hope he may be assisted by the 
readers of the Celtic Monthlij. 

Kilinliur'h A. F. CaEMICH.\EL. 



PRIZE STORY. 



DONALD MACLEOD, THE SOLDIER; 

A Wkst Hiciil.wi) Ti!.\i>rno.v. 



1^1 11 ERE lived in 
yEy' Strathbran, in the 
'^M- Highlands of Ross- 
sliire, Hbout two hundred 
year.s a','0, a scion of the 
Clan Macleod, called lam 
Ban Mnc l)lii,„iliuiiiU 
/(till He had an only son 
named Donald, a tall, 
liamisonie, good - looking 
man, and as erect as a 
rash. Before Donald com- 
jileted his twentietli year 
;fallicrdiecl ; and about 
a year afterwards Donald 
married .Mary Mackenzie, 
tA >^^ (j_^, a beautiful girl of only 
.•^^jJ^i^^Ms^P^ eighteen sumuiors, helong- 
ing to a neighbouring 
liandet. Donald .Macleod and his young wife 
pictured to themselves a long and happy future, 
but fate decided otherwise. Tiiey had only 
enjoyed the married state about six weeks when 
the affectionate husl)and was ruthlessly torn 
from the arms of the loving wife, and, like 
many other Highlanders of that period, sent 
abroad to fight in the wars. Having received 
little or no education, Douidd, although lie 
could read a little, could not write any, and, 
being of a haughty disposition, he would not 
deign toa.sk HUother to write for him, so h(^ never 
sent or received a letter, or heard from his wife. 
Mrs. Macleod, who was pregnant when her 
husband was taken from her, in due time gave 




liirth to a strong, healthy son, whom she nursed 
with motherly care, and as he grew in years she 
trained him with tact for all that was necessary 
for one his position. As she never heard from 
her husband, she concluded that he had been 
killed in battle, the thought of which drew 
many a tears from her eyes, and wrung many a 
heavy sigh from her heart. She received many 
offers of marriage, but she declined them all. 
One night, some time after retiring to bed, 
about twenty-two years after her husband's 
departure, she was suddenly seized by a severe 
chill. Getting alarmed, she called her son, who 
was sleeping in another bed in the same apart- 
ment. He at once rose and did everything 
possible for her, without effect. As a last resort, 
in order to impart warmth to his mother, he 
lay down at her back and in a short time had 
the satisfaction to know that she was better ; and 
.soon afterwards both imperceptibly fell asleep. 

Being a steady, active man, Donald Macleod 
became a favourite with his commanding officer. 
As he never drew any money, his otlicer tool; 
care of it all for him, putting it into a small 
bag which he |)rocured for the purpose. On his 
arrival in England and receiving his discharge, 
his ofticer presented Donald with his (Donald's) 
swoid, the bag of money, and five shillings, 
advising him at the same time not to touch the 
contents of the bag till he reached home ; that 
the five shillings were for his requirements by 
the way, and that he should always choose the 
'•long, safe" road in prefeience to the ''short, dan- 
gerous" one, a counsel having a highly elevating 
moral. Donald was accompanied on his journey 
homeward by another discharged soldier belong- 
ing to Easter Ross. On their way they came to 
a point where the road branched off into two — 
one an even, good road, which, after a consider- 
al)l(! detour, converged again with the other, 
which, though much shorter, was rough, and 
passed through a thick wood, said to be infested 
by rol)bers. Donald elected to take the " long, 
safe " one, wliile his companion proceeded liy 
the other. Donald had not gone far when 
he heard cries of "murder." He ran to the spot 
whence tiie cries proceeded, and found two men 
rol)bing his companion. Donald, with two well- 
directed strokes of his sword, decapitated both. 

Donald and his companion now proceeded 
together by the " long, safe " road. I?ut they 
could not travel day and night continuously ; 
so, arriving late one evening at a small country 
village where there was a little public house, 
they went in to lodge for the night. It was 
conilucted by a pretty young woman, wdiose 
husband, the landlord, was a diminutive, old 
creature, who had slej)t for some time previously 
in a little crib in a corner off' the kitchen. 
Being somewhat fatigued, Donald and his com 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



43 



panion retired early, but, for some inexplicalile 
reason, Donald failed to fall asleep, so after his 
companion fell into a profound slumber he rose 
and went outside. Shortly afterwards he noticed 
a man on horseback coming to the jilace. Arriv- 
ing, he put his horse into the stable, and then 
went into the public-house. Being curious to 
know his business, Donald cautiously drew 
near, and for once in his life adopted the roh; of 
eavesdropper, the result proving the wisdom of 
the act on tliis occasion at anyrate. Donald 
was not long acting in his new character when 
he discovered that the rider was making love 
with the young buxom landlady, who was at 
that moment telling her swain that the long- 
wished-for time to end the life of her old, use- 
less husliand had now come ; that he (the rider) 
might kill him at once, and tiiey could easily 
blame the soldiers. This wicked suggestion 
was immediately acted upon, and after the 
horrible deed was committed the wanton land- 
lady projiosed that they should get married as 
soon as )iossible after everything connected with 
the old man's death and funeral were satisfac- 
torily disposed of, to which her wicked paramour 
assented. She also requested him to call upon 
her in course of the following afternoon, so as to 
learn how matters were proceeding. To this 
he also agreed. Then, after tenderly embracing 
each other, they j)arted. On taking his horse 
out of the stable, and when in the act of mount- 
ing, Donald, who stood concealed near the spot, 
sprang forward, and with one blow of his trusty 
blade struck oft' his right hand at the wrist. 
With his mutilated limb pained and bleeding, 
he galloped off as fast as his horse could go to 
the residence of a medical man, who soon bound 
it up for him. The soldier picked up the bleed- 
ing hand, and after wiping it put it into his 
pocket, and, re-entering the public-house, un- 
dressed and lay down beside his fellow-lodger, 
who was still in the land of Nod, and, therefore, 
knew nothing of what had occurred, eitlier in 
the house or outside of it, since he retired to bed. 
Next morning witnessed a great commotion 
at the little public-house. The old landlord was 
found dead in his crib, having been stabbed to 
death during the night. That the soldiers were 
the perpetrators of tlie deed there seemed to be 
no doubt, for the young widow, who was utterly 
prostrate with grief for her " dear husband," 
distinctly heard through the night the sound of 
footsteps between the bed in which they slept 
and that occupied by her " late darling,'"' but it 
never occurred to her that such a dreadful deed 
was being committed. But, apart from the 
sorrowing woman's evidence, the fresh blood, 
on Donald's sword was conclusive proof of his 
guilt. The mob now became furious, and 
threatened the soldiers with instant death 



unless they made a full confession of their 
crime and what prompted it. Donald, who all 
along declared their innocence, now produced 
the rider's hand, and solemnly vowed that its 
owner was the landlords murderer. He also 
uiinutely described the manner in which it came 
into his possession. It was an open secret in 
the village that the district millers son was on 
familiar terms with the young hostess, so, on 
hearing the soldier's story, a dozen men were 
despatched to the miller's house to prove or dis- 
prove his statement. On arriving there they 
were informed that the young man was unwell, 
that he was in bed, and that he could not be 
seen that day. This answer being unsatisfac- 
tory they proceeded to his bed and demanded to 
see his right hand. The mutilated arm was 
reluctantly shown, when it was found that the 
hand was aniissing. He was consequently 
dragged out of bed and carried to the puViIic- 
house, whence himself and his female accomplice 
were conveyed to the chief town of the county, 
to be dealt with according to law. Donald was 
complimented for the manner in which he acted 
in the matter. 

Donald and his comjjanion now proceeded on 
their journey. But owing to the stormy state 
of the weather — it was about the middle of 
November — their progress was naturally slow. 
At length, however, Dingwall was reached, 
where, as the roads to their respective destina- 
tions led in different directions, they parted 
company, and a few hours afterwards Donald 
Macleod arrived at his house in Strathbran, 
where he left his sobbing wife twenty-two years 
previously. It was past midnight when he 
reached. The house presented no attraction in 
appearance, nor was there any change on the 
door-fastening since he left, so, opening it, he 
proceeded to the smouldering embers on the 
hearth, and, lighting the old, black cruisgeon, he 
noiselessly entered the sleeping apartment. 
His wife, whom he readily recognised, was 
sound sleeping, and, though pale and careworn, 
she seemed as innocent, lovely, and beautiful 
as ever. But did she forget him — was she un- 
faithful — did she break her marriage vows? 
If not, why was that young man sleeping with 
her 1 The soldier's rage at that moment knew 
no bounds. He seized his sword, and was 
about to decapitate the offender, when by some 
mysterious influence he lowered the uplifted 
arm, and, returning his sword to its sheath, 
resolved to spare the man till morning, when he 
would deal with him as circumstances might 
suggest. Meantime he returned to the kitchen, 
and sat down beside the dying embers, and, 
extinguishing the lamp, began thinking over 
his wife's incontinency, whose face even now 
betrayed no signs of guilt. 



44 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Some time before daybreak lie heard the 
young man addressing the wonuiu thus — " I 
hope you are all right now, mother. If so, I 
may go to my own bed." The woman answered 

" Yes, dear, I am quite well now." The youth 

immedirttelv arose, and, having gone to the other 
bed in the apartment, said—- Mother, what a 
sti-ange dream I have just had. I dreamed that 
my father came home, and on his coming to 
the bedside he raised his sword above my head 
to kill me. On seeing which, I prayed to God 
for protection, and my father immediately dis- 
appeared. He seemed exactly as you used to 
describe him, but he wore a red coat. On hear- 
ing her son's dream and remarks she burst into 
tears and said if her dear husband had been alive 
he would Ions ere then have come home to see 
her and her dear son. Donald now grasped the 
situation and rushed into the bedroom, shouting 

" My darling Mary, 1 have come to you at 

last, and nothing but death will again separate 
us.' After being locked in each others arms in 
the most affectionate manner, he turned to his 
son, who had meanwhile risen and dressed, and 
kissed himastenderlyasif Ik; had still been a babe. 
On opening the t>ag given him by his com- 
manding othcer, Donald found it contained one 
hundred sovereigns. This was a large sum of 
money in those davs, and with it Donald 
Macleod rented a nice croft -that on which his 
cottage stood— which he fully stocked. On this 
croft he and his loving wife lived during the 
remainder of their lives in comfort and happi- 
ness. When they di.d, which was at a great 
age, they left all they jiossessed to Donald Og, 
their son, who never left the paternal roof, and 
being, like his parents, wise and prudent, he 
managed his affairs so circumspectly that he 
became the most opulent and jjopular man in 
the district in his day. 1 >onald Og married and 
hail a family. His descendants are still in 
in Ross-shire. 

A. B. M'Lennan {Hun. Wtims). 

Lot-hboiatlale. 

CLANSMEN, DEAR TO ONE ANOTHER. 

Tl'SE— iVe.i ../ Hni-l rU. 

Dedicated to Col. Sir Fit.roy Donald Maelean, 
Bart, of Duart, Morven, ami Umlas, chief ot the 
Clan Maclean, and sung by Mr. Oharles Maclean 
at the second annual gatheriu'^ of the clan and 
friends, held in the Queen's Rooms, Glasgow, uii 
Friday, 27th October, 18'J3. 

Lkt me greet you as a In-other, 
Clansmen, dear to one another. 
As the babe is to its mother. 

Smiling on her breast. 
Clansmen fi'om the purple heather. 
Who liave donned the kilt and feather. 



Clansmen who now range together 
From the north and west. 
Lads from the glen and corrie. 
Ye have all a story, 
Both proud and true, untarnished too. 

And wreathed with martial glory : 
When the god of war was screaming, 
Then Macleans, with banners streaming, 
Broad claymores, both wild and gleaming, 

Fought, and fought their best. 
When Prince Charlie's cause was waning, 
When some chiefs were loud complaining. 
Highland glens Macleans were training. 

Who would scorn to fly ; 
Clansmen brave as any lion, 
Stalwart chiefs all ills defying. 
Courted death, nor dreamt of flying. 
They would sooner die. 
With their tartans streaming, 
And their pilirochs screaming, 
M.irleans of old, both tough and bold, 

Soon woke men from their dreaming ; 
Whin they proudly rushed to battle, 
^Slnn were stricken down like cattle, 
While the deadly muskets' rattle. 

Told Macleans were nigh. 
Clansmen by each Highland valley, 
Scene of war, and war-like sally. 
Where our fathers used to rally. 

With stern courage true. 
Let us cherish deep the daring, 
Of our gallant fathers' bearing. 
While our sainted mothers' caring, 
Thrills us thro' and thro" ; 
Itouse, my lads, like heroes. 
Wrongs shall never fear us, 
With Virtue deckt, we'll stjind erect, 

And smiling Uight shall cheer us. 
Let us guard our honour ever. 
Let us love each glen and river, 
Let us stoop to baseness never. 

But the right pursue. 
Clansmen from the rugged Highlands, 
r.i-ns and glens, and mist-wrapt islands, 
Willi your sons in far and nigh lands, 

Peace is in your train, 
],ads with kilts and ribbons streaming 
Maids with beauty sweetly beaming. 
Chief whose brain with lore is teeming, 
You T greet again. 
Let the pibroch thrilling. 
All our hearts be tilling, 
With iiiem'ries grand, of our loved land 

All strife and envy killing ; 
While our hearts with joy are beating, 
At the pleasure of thi.s meeting, 
Let us ever be repeating, 

Health to Chief MacLean. 

Slun.l,e»tt.r. DUNCAN MacLeAN. 



THE CELTIC .MONTHLY. 



45 



CAMANACHD. 

ALEXANDER MACKELLAR, 

First Captain, Glasgow Cowai. .Shinty (.'luh. 

^TfcgpOW tliat tlie ancM--ut Highland ganu? of 
(jj^yp shinty has again becoriK; popular, both 
==i^l in the straths in the north and towns in 
the south, it is in- 
teresting to refer 
to some of the pro- 
minent players of 
ail older generation, 
who had done so 
much in their time 
to popularise our 
favourite pastime. 
Of these veterans few- 
were better known 
ten or twelve years 
ago than Mr. Ale.v 
Mackellar, the tirst 
captain of the Glas- 
gow Covval Shinty 
Cluli. Mr. Mackellar 
is a native of Tighna- 
bruaich, one of the 
most beautiful and 
favourite watering- 
])laces on the Cowal 
shore. In 1876 tlie 
subject of our sketch 
was the prime mover 
in forming the cele- 
1 irated Glasgow Cowal 
Shinty Club, which, 
with the Edinburgh 
Camanachd, are tlie 
only clubs which have 
survived the vicissi- 
tudes of the interven- 
ing years. The Cowal 
men did wisely in 
electing Mr. Mac- 
kellar to the post of 
captain, for he guided 
tlie fortunes of his 
club so well that for 
a period of eight years 
after their formation 

the Cowal team were undefeated. Perliaps this 
may be partly accounted for liy the fact that Mr. 
Mackellar induced his men to play the "passing 
game," and anyone who has seen a match played 
on this scientific principle will understand tlie 
advantage which it gives the players who prac- 
tice it. He also substituted the leather ball foi- 
the old wooden one, which it will be admitted. 
was rather a dangerous article to play with. 




Those wen> the palmy days of shinty in the 
south. The principal clubs at that time were 
the Edinburgh Camanachd, Vale of Leven, 
Ossian, Glasgow Camanachd, Glasgow Inverary, 
Fingalians (later Glenforsa), and the Skye. Mr. 
Mackellar cajitaiiied his club in many stubborn 
contests during the eight years in which he held 
that office. Of these the nio.st memorable, per- 
haps, were the match with the Glasgow Inve- 
raray, on 26th April, 
1879, for the Celtic 
Society's Challenge 
Clip, when the Cowal 
defeated their oppo- 
nents by 6 hails to ; 
and in the following 
year the game with 
the Renton on their 
own ground, when 
tho Cowal won by 
;', halls to 1. Al- 
though Mr. Mackellar 
no longer leads the 
( 'owal men to the 
fray, he is the hono- 
rary president of the 
club, and feels proud 
that the Cowal team 
still hold their own 
on the shinty field, 
and are universally 
acknowledged to be 
'• second to none " as 
exponents of tlie 
grand old game. 

For ten years Mr. 
Mackellar was a 
member of the Glas- 
gow Highlanders 
(late 105th), during 
five of which he car- 
ried the colours, and 
before he retired he 
was offered a commis- 
sion. The above por- 
trait represents him 
in tlie uniform of the 
regiment. It may be 
also mentioned that 
as an amateur all- 
round athlete he had 
few equals. The value of the silver plate trophies 
in his possession amounts to =£100. He also 
possesses the championship medal for natives of 
Argyleshire, for putting the stone. 

Mr Mackellar was for many years director of 
the Cowal Society, and latterly acted as trea- 
surer. He recently retired from business, and 
is now residing at his Highland home in Cowal. 
i;i,,„,„,, Robert Murray. 



I'HK CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



Br Charles Fraser- Mackintosh, F.S.A. (Scot). 
Part I. 




,^i^'ERTAIN interesting documents, once 
l^l^A, the property of Sir James Macdonald, 
^^& last of Isla, hitherto uupubhshed, hav- 
ing come into mj' bands, I pui-jjose printing in 
the pages of the Celtic Monthli/ — some of them 
in e.rteii.sQ, ^^'ith abstracts of others. To make 
my storj' complete and intelligible it is proper 
to give an account of the family, but only in 
the briefest form, so many well-known histories, 
accurate and inaccurate, having been written 
on the subject. 

Seven generations from the time of Somerled, 
Iving of the Isles and Lord of Argyle and Kin- 
tyre, undoubted stir/is of the great house and 
elan of ALacdonald, bring us to John, for some 
time last independent Lord of the Isles. John, 
who succeeded about ll?30, was first of his race 
to acknowledge the King of Scotland as over- 
lord and superior. Attempts had often been 
made by the Scottish kings to curb the power 
of the Alacdoualds, but hithert(j without j^ei'- 
manent success. John married liis cousin, 
Amie nin Kuarie, a pious, excellent woman — 
whose memory is still held in sweet reverence 
ou the west mainland and islands of Inverness- 
shire — dowered with gi-eat possessions. Of 
this marriage the oldest son was Reginald, of 
whom Clanranald and others ; the so(;ond Iain 
Mor, of whom the Macdonalds of Isla: and 
third Alexander, of whom the ]\Iacd(>nells of 
Kep)ioch .John may be said to have been the 
gi'eat(«t man in Scotland, making treaties with 
foreign j)owers and fighting as an independent 
ally with the French at Poictiers, where he was 
wounded and taken prisoner by the lilack 
Prince. Tempted by the high alliance into a 
second marriage with the daughter of Robert, 
Steward of Scotland, afterwards I{t)ljert II., 



John weakly submitted to the offspring of the 
second mai-riage ha\'ing priority. He had to 
satisfy the natm'al claims of his elder sons by 
large grants of projierty. having the effect, as 
intended by the wily jirmiioters of the marriage 
of greatly weakening, reducing, and finally de- 
stroying the predominant position of the ancient 
independent Lords of the Isles. 

By the second marriage John had a son 
Donald, who succeeded as Lord of the Isles, 
and bj' marrying .Margaret, daughter of the 
Countess of Koss, unltimately, in his wife's 
right, on failui'es of heirs male, and other heirs 
and after fighting the battle of Harlawin 1411, 
was recognised as Earl of Ross. Douakl, 
therefore, from his vast acquisition of estate, 
had become as serious a danger to the Crown 
as his predecessors, the independent Lords of 
the Isles, and every opportmiity was seized 
upon — and many actually created — within the 
next seventy years to embroil him and his suc- 
cessors with the Crown and powerful neigh- 
bours. This, added to the haughty spu'it of 
Donald, his sou Alexander, and his grandson 
John, finally brought about the destruction of 
the second dynasty of the Lords of the Isles, 
also Earls of Ross, which only ran through 
thi'ee generations. So anxious were Iviug and 
Parliament to stamp out the title of Earl of 
Ross, synonymous to them with turbulent 
power, that at the final forfeiture of John, last 
Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles, this title 
was declared to be inalienably held by the 
Crown. A Duke of Ross was afterwai'ds 
created, as if to emphasise the inalieuation, 
which title soon fell ; and when, as is sometimes 
noticed, so-and-so njeans to apply to make good 
his claim to the dignity of Earl of Ross, any 
such attempts are futile. Upon tlu; downfall 
of the Macdonalds in the north and west, the 
the Mackenzies and Campbells arose, in no 
very creditable manner ; and of them all that 
need be said (in this connection alone let it be 
kept in remembrance) is, that the Campbells 
are not now what they once were, particularly 
in Isla. 

We now turn to the family with wliich these 
jjapers more jjarticularly deal, riz., the Isla 
brancli of the Macdonalds, styled after John, 
second son of John, Lord of the Isles, " Ckvun 
Iain Mhoir." 

I. — This John mai-ried, about 1-100, Marjory 
Byset, heiress of the Seven Lordships of the 
Glens, in Antrim, a lady of the good blood of 
the B3'sets and O'Neills. After the miu'riage 
John is found styled Lord of I)uny\aig luid the 
Glens, also Jjord of Isla and Kintyre, The 
title of Dunyvaig and the Gh'iis l>6came the 
leading title of John's descendants. Dunyvaig 
castle, for centuries a ruin, stands on the estate 



THK CEI/r[C MONTHLY. 



■17 



of Kildalton, in Isla. Greut us the estate 
given to lain Mor by liis father wns, it does 
not appear to have satisfied him. Instigated 
bj' evil advice, John rose against his younger 
brother, Donald of the Isles and of Harlaw, 
but was defeated, and lied to Ireland Peace 
was made up betwixt the brothers, and heartily 
recognising the seniority conferred upon their 
younger brother consauguinean, both Keginald, 
first of Clauranald, and Iain Mor, first of Isla, 
gave hearty support to Donald, Lord of the 
Isles, at the battle of Harlaw. It was this 
Chmrauald's bard who composed that magui- 
tieeut martial address which, above all others, 
exhibits the depth and comprehensiveness of 
the Gaelic language. Iain Mor's fidelity to his 
nephew Alexander, son of Donald, cost him his 



life. The manner of Iain Mor's death has left a 
deep stain on the memory of James I. and his 
advisers. 

According to the Clauranald history, privately 
printed at Edinburgh in 1819, Donald of Har- 
law died in France in the year li'iT, but 
according to others, including the late Mr. 
Hector Maclean, of Isla, a very competent 
writer, Donald died in 1425, at his own Castle 
of Ardtornish, in the forty-fifth year of his age, 
leaving his son Alexander, Lord of the Isles 
and Earl of Ross, in minority. The death of 
Donald seemed to the King and his advisers a 
good opportunity for seizing the person and 
lands of the minor."' He was accordingly en- 
trapped into an interview, detained in prison 
for a considerable period, and meantime the 




•^iF^finS^ 



Dl XY\ AIG C.iSTLE (DUN NWO.MHAKi), ISLAY. 



authorities had the baseness to endeavour to 
enlist Iain Mor on their side with the bribe of 
a large portion of his nephew's estates. Their 
emissary, named Campbell, sought an inter- 
view, with a large retinue, and upon Iain Mor 
mdignantly declining the offer, was declared 
King's prisoner, and after making all the 
resistance bis small retinue could command, 
was overpowered and slain. Campbell was made 
a scapegoat, tried and executed for the murder 
of Iain Mor, his defence being a strong and 
earnest statement that what he did was by the 
King's orders, though imable to furnish written 
evidence of his assertion. Campbell doubtless 
knew too much for those in power, to warrant 
theii- allowing him his Ufe. 

II. — Donald (styled Donald Balloch), son of 



laui Mor, succeeded and worthily maintained 
the reputation of his house in deeds of arms 
and valour. He was only twenty years of age 
at his father's death, but lost no time in re- 
venging the foul deed, and making himself 
obnoxious to the ruling powers. Great part of 
his cousin Alexander's property had been given 
to Alexander, Earl of Mar, who endeavoui-ed to 
establish himself Ln Lochaber and other parts. 
Donald Balloch gathered a considerable force, 

■ " At the Isle of St B'iiilagan, in He, Alexander of 
Yle, Lord of tlie Isles. Master of the Earldom of Koss, 
gave charter to Gilleouan niao Roderic vie Murchard 
Makneill. of the Islands of Barra and others. Dated 
in the ' Vigils of .St. .Tnhn the Baptist,' 1427." This 
shows that I 'oiiald of Harlaw was dead, whilst his wife 
Margaret \s. s living. 



48 



TH K CELTIC^ .MONTJ 1 L V 



partly through his owu iutlueuce, rtud partly 
through an urgcut message from Alexander, 
agaui in prison, to his followers to rally round 
Donald. The Earl of liar took means to 
detach a considerable portion of the proper 
following of Alexander, including the Keppochs 
and Camerons, an insult which afterwards cost 
these families dear at the hands of Alexander 
and his son John. Lord .Mar had the support 
of his brother .Ulan (Lord Caithness), and 
many eastern and lowbind gentlemen, together 
with that of cert^iin Macdoujdds and Camerons 
just mentioned, and both parties met at Inver- 
lochy. Donald BaUoch gained a complete 
victory, with the loss of fifty men against a 



thousand of the enemy. Lord JIars pitiful 
state after his escape from the Held of battle, 
is still talked of in the Brae of Lochaber He 
arrived late the night of the battle at Ryuach, 
in the head of Glenroy, and asked for some 
refreshment. The people were so poor, or 
had lately been harried, that they had no dish, 
and the Earl, whose name and position were 
unknown, had to drink som(> milk, dra^^^l from a 
goat, out of his shoe. Upon leaving he told the 
laost. one O'Brien or 0']5yrne, if he ever were 
in Aberdeenshire, to knock at the gate of 
Kiliirummie Castle and ask for Alexander 
Stuart. He did so some time afterwai'ds, and 
the Earl was told by his servants that a 




FINI..U;i;.\N I'.VSTI.K ANn I.OCH, ISL.W.' 



stranger had knocked, asking for one Alexander 
Stuart. The Earl instantly ordered his admis- 
sion, treated him \\ell. told him who lie was, 
and sent him homewards rejoicing, the happy 
possessor of twelve cows. Considering that 
the Camerons, with others, sufl'ered a complete 
defeat, it seems not a little singular that their 
famous and somewhat defiant pibroch is com- 
monly attributed to the first battle of Liver- 
lochy. As it could hardly be composed after, 

* Through the kindness of Mr. A. Ferguson, Caulila, 
Portaskaig, Isla, iu photographing Fiulagaii Castle, 
and loch, one of the chief seats of the Macdonalds ui 
Isla, an engraving is here given of this venerable 
structure. 



or in commemoration of, the battle, it must 
have been composed, if then composed, on the 
march to In\erlochy. The highest credit is 
due to the Camerons for their valour at the 
second battle of luverlochy. under Montrose. 
Donald Balloch, after the battle, which took 
jilace in 1-131, sailed to Ireland. The king 
desired liis head to be sent to him, and a head 
was accordingly sent in due time, but not that 
of Donald, who ingratiated himself with his 
powerful neighbours, the O'Neills, marrying 
O'Neill's daughter. By their intercession 
Donald's peace was made up with the king, 

r/'" '"■ '■oiitiiiitv'i.) 



Reviews. — We regret that onr limited space pre- 
vents us this month from noticing Provost .Mac- 
plierson'.s valuable work on " JJadenocli," Mr. D. 
F. Mtn/,ie»' " Ijook of Mcnzies," " Tlic Irish Kclio " 
(Boston), (fee. 



The BiOHtANUEKs were the only race the 
Romans could not conquer. TJiey tried again and 
a.nain, but failed. In 207 A. i>., Scverus, the Roman 
Emperor, lost 50,000 men in one c-anii)aign .against 
the brave mountaineers, and had to retreat com- 
pletely beaten. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY, 



49 



THE RAID OF LOCH CARRON. 



By Alexander Macdonald, Govan. 



Now blazing bright on sonii' bill top, 
Now glimmering from afar ; 

On, on it speeds with restless flight. 
Dread harbinger of war. 



About the end of the sixteenth century, a 
deadly feud raged between the Macdoiudls and 
Mackenzies. Scarcely a month pa.ssed which 
did not witness some skirmish, raid, or act of 
violence. This predatory warfare wa.s very 
active during the life of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, 
created Lord Kintail in 1608, who at last pro- 
cured letters of tire and sword against his 
enemies, whom he in the end completely humbled 
and dispossessed of ])art of their territory. Some 
time before this, however, Glengarry, chief of 
the Macdoneils, planned an enterprise against 
him, the execution of which he entrusted to his 
eldest son Angus. Sir Kenneth, suspecting th-it 
a storm was gathering, went to Mull to obtain 
assistance from his cousin Maclean. In his 
absence young Glengarry sailed to Loch Carron 
with his followers, where he committed the most 
horrible cruelties upon the defenceless inhabi- 
tants ; but Lady Mackenzie, a woman of great 
energy and decision of character, planned and 
executed a stratagem by which, on the return of 
the Macdoneils in their boats, through the Kyles 
(if Skye, the Mackenzie.?, in aml)nscade on the 
Bailigh Rock, succeeiled in destroying a great 
numlier of them, including their savage leader, 
Tlie incidents of the enterprise are related in 
the following ballad :— 




'The merciless MaeJonwaM from t]w Wcsti 

The '■ fiery cross " is speeding fast 

O'er heathery hill and glen. 
At fierce Glengarry's stern command — 

" Go ! marshal all my men. 
The hour of sweet revenge h:is come. 

And Ellandonan's lord 
Shall wail at many a coronach. 

I swear by my good sword." 

Now, o'er the banks of dark Loch (licli 
.\nd Garry's birch-clad lake, 

A wild and lurid gleam it sheds 
From many a fiery flake, 



in Isles." 
Marhrth. 



Crtag a» Fhithich is the cry, 

Borne down the rocky glen 
From Corry side and bare hill top, 

And barren, heath-clad fen ; 
Eacli mountain peak repeats the crv 

To valley, hill, and dale, 
And wafts the slogan of its chief 

Across to bleak Kintail. 

Now old men's dreams are broken, 

Now young men start from sleep. 
And waken at the warlike si)\ind 

And from their couclies 1(m|i i 
Now, through tlie gloom of luidniglit's hour. 

Tlie " fiery cross " is seen — 
Each man arms quick .and hurriedly, 

None ask " What can it mean ? " 

The morning's sun shone bright and clear 

On luvergarry's walls. 
And sounds of pibroch and of steel 

Resound throughout its halls, 
And full two hundred clansmen bold 

Are ranged along the grcn. 
in dark red tartan kilt and plaid, 

A gallant sight I ween ! 

Claymores are belted by each side, 

Sharp dirks sheathed at their knees, 
And pistol stocks were seen to peep 

As plaids waved in the breeze, 
A deep, wild gleam shot from each eye, 

And every iook was stern. 
For had not bold Sir Kenneth marked 

Defeat by many a cairn? 

Out spoke fierce Angus Macdouell, 

Glengarry's eldest son, 
" Come ! follow me, my clansmen bold. 

There's work now to be done." 
A long, loud shout his clansmen gave. 

Erect WHS every head, 
V fiercer band than his ne'er marched, 

Nor fiercer leader led. 

Now, woe betide thee, Lonl Kintail, 

Thy kinsmen's fate is hard, 
The wolf will come when thou art gone 

And find no one on guard ; 
Oh! many a babe will lie devour, 

And many a mother slay. 
And thou shalt bitter, bitter rue 

The day thou went'st away. 

In Ellandonan's Castle sat 

Sir Kenneth's lady fair. 
And on her knee a lovely boy 

Is twining her brown hair ; 
But smiles she not upon lier boy, 

For care is on her brow, 
Her gaze is fixed, her look is sad : 

Good Lordl what ails her now? 

(To be concluded. ) 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 
Ati <'oiitntitiiicntiotin, un literary itntl husineas 
mattfrs. kIiouIiI In- <i,l,lriss<d to Hie Editor, .Mr. JOUS 
MACKA r, IT Diiiulds .-itrtrt, Kinijaton, (Unaijow. 

TERMS OP aUBSVJUPTIOX.— rhe CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
Vnited Kingdom, Canada, the United States, vnd all 
countries iti the Postal Union — for one year, 4s. 

The Celtic Monthly 

DECEMBER, 1S93. 



COI^TEPiXTS- 



Alkxaxder Macdosali), Govax (with plate), 
DosALD MACLEOD, TUB SoLPiKR (prizc stoiy) 
Claxsmks, dkar to oxk ANdTHKR (a ]>oein), . . - . 

Alkxasder Mackkllar (with portrait), 

TiiK Last Macdonali'S ok Isla (illustratfd) .... 
TiiK Raid ok locn Carron (a poem) 

To OIK READKRS. "Whf.KK i.VF[,|r ISi Sl-CtlvKv." 

Oi-R MisiCAL I'aok-Lamkm M.ii [;mi:v Mor Maclkod, 

THK LaTK Dl-NXAX <-A.Ml-|,l I.I ,u 1 1 1 ] .> ! t Klit ), 

Ex iM LSI UN Of TIIK XoBSK.Mi.\ ii-M .Si 1 11 iJu.Axo (illustrated), 
UKiidO CiioiKK-.VAV lALL^.N (iUsi jJi izi: s-uulachd lit Ohaii M6d, 
State ok Caithness from l7oU to i:tiu, and tiik .Sherikf, - 

Highland Notes and Qierik^, 

CiMiiA Do Dii-Fiiear Lonnuabiira— Lament for Allan 

Cameron of L'JNDavra (a poem), 

Prize C'-mtetitions, - - 

Highland Meetings, 

Camanacud Notes, Reviews, &c., 

Strength of the Caithness Clans, - - 



" WHERE GAELIC IS SPOKEN." 

Such is the attractive title of an article on the 
Gaelic language, and its influence upon the 
Highland people, which appeared last month in 
the i>t. Louis Daily Globe- Democrat. On reading 
it we were not quite sure at fir.st whether the 
writer was preparing a sup})lenient to the " In- 
nocents Abroad," or was addressing the " Great 
Repuhlic " in all seriousness. We are now in- 
clined to tlu! latter opinion, but must confess 
that a perusal of this literary curiosity afforded 
us as much genuine amusement as we ever de- 
rived from the w-orks of a popular American 
huniorisc. It would be a pity were such an 
interesting composition lost in the jjages of an 
American newspaper, and for the benefit of 
such of our readers as are fond of a good thing 
in the way of jokes, we will take the liberty of 
making a few extracts from it. 

The article is in the form of a " letter," dated 
" Tobermory, Island of Mull, .\ugust Ki," and is 
evidently the comixisitiou of one of those pilgrims 
from the American continent who favour our 
straths with their yunial presence every autunm. 
He had evidently wandered a little, he had heard 
the Gaelic sjioken, and lie had also heard it spoken 
about, and, feeling biu'dened with the weight and 
value of his information, he presented over a 
cohnnn of his " impressions " to an ini8UH])ecting 
newspaper. How much genuine amusement it 
created in the States may well be imagined, and 
acting on the princi|ile of " passing on a good 
thing," our good friend, Mr. D. T. MacDonald, of 
Calumet, thoughtfully sent it on to us. We are 



sorry that space will not allow us to print the letter 
in full, but as we know our readers are not above 
appreciating a few good jokes about themselves, 
we intend making some extracts from this precious 
production, which we hope they will enjoy as 
heartily as we did. 

How will this do as a beginning \ He says — 
" As long as the Gaelic continues to be the recog- 
nised language of the jieojile. just so long nnist, in 
my jtidgment, the Highlanders remain a rude, 
barbaric people, enjoying few or none of the com- 
forts of modern civilisation — just so long will race 
bitterness exist in the hearts of the Highland 
people," and so on. When this candid visitor was 
rusticating in the island of Mull, we wonder did 
he venture to express such an opinion to the 
" barbaric peojile " whom he met daily, and who, 
we are quite sure, treated him with a degree of 
courtesy which he certainly would not have received 
in his own country. We daresay not, for if he did 
the climate of Mull would suddenly become much 
too warm for such a delicately refined and civilised 
curiosity, and the people would almost deserve the 
description of being rude. Then he also learned 
that the language has a scant literature, " for, with 
the exception of Donald Maclntyre (!), I can find no 
trace of any real first class poets." Shades of 
Alastair MacDonald, Rob Donn Mackay, and the 
bards of a thousand years! And if he did find 
traces of the liaelic bards, we wonder how much of 
them he could understand. He fiu-ther gi-avely 
informs vis that in the north-easterly ])art of Caith- 
ness " the native language is Scandinavian." This 
will be news for our Caithness readers. We hope 
they will manage to find these gifted i>ersons, for 
although we know the county pretty well we never 
met one man in it yet who spoke Norse as his 
"native language." But, of course, it must be 
admitted that an American toui-ist ought to know 
far more about the peoi)le of Caithness than the 
natives of that county know themselves ! 

He also found that the Gaelic fosters prejudice 
and indolence among the people, it raises up a 
barrier which shvits off the Gael from participating 
in the comforts of civilisation, and " the attitude of 
each man towards his neighliour is — iiolitically, 
ethnologically, socially, and commercially — deter- 
mined liy the fact whether that neighboiu- ' has ' or 
' has not the Gaelic.'" This is really very serious 
or very funny ; it raises questions which simply 
appal us ! How are we to exi)lain the fact of so 
many Gaelic-speaking Highlanders having raised 
themselves to such high and responsible positions 
at home and abroad ; to Highlanders and Low- 
landers enjoying a soci;d night together at the 
Highland gatherings without the ghost of the 

Gaelic ' ' bogey " once obtruding itself, or \ It 

is too serious a question to reflect upon — let us 
pass on ! But om- Yankee pilgrim got at the root 
of this painful ipiestion, and declares that "the 
princijial tran.sgre.ssor is the Church, and it is said 
upon competent authority that most extraordimiry 
things go on at the Gaelic services, which, owing 
to the peculiar freemasonry existing among the 
Gaelic-speaking people, were never fcjund out." 

Our Yankee critic has decreed that we ought to 
let the Gaelic die as <piiekly as possible — and why 
don't we set abovit arranging the funeral ceremony 
at once \ Yes, we may well ask " Why ? " 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 
OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



51 



LAMENT FOR RORY MOR MACLEOD, 1626. 



^^l^xOKY MOR, Xlir. of Duiivegau, suc- 
ypKr ceeded his brother William, wlio died in 
'M?^ 1590. He was called Rnairklh Mor, )Aii 
Rory, not so niueh from his size or stature ;is 
from his desire to do everything on a large 
scale. He was undoubtedly a bora leader of 
men, possessing 
in a marked de- 
gree those quali- 
ties which went 
to constitute a 
true Highland 
chief in the tur- 
bulent tinirs in 
which he lived. 
It is not our in- 
tention to give a 
detailed sketch of 
this warrior, or 
enumerate his 
deeds of prowess, 
as these are fully 
recorded by the 
historian of the 
clan.* In lGl:i 
he received from 
James Y I. of 
Scotland the 
honour (jf kiiight- 
hood. T)uring 
his chicfsliip lie 
added to, and 
considerably im- 
proved the ances- 
tral hall.s, in 
which he de- 
lighted to dis- 
pen.se princely 
h o s p i t a 1 i t y. 
Among the many 
interesting lelics 
in D u n v e g a n 

there are two at 

1 4. 1 ■ 1 , Hi lit V .\i 

least which go to 

prove the muniticence of his feasts These 
are Rory Mor's drinking horn, and Rory Mur's 
cup. The liorn, which probably once adorned 
the head of a kyloe bull, is destitute of orna- 
ment except a broad rim of silver, chased anil 
carved, fixed round the edge. It is said to hold 
as much as three ordinary bottles, and (juatiing 
ofl' its contents, in claret, was one of the teats to 
be performed by each chief as he came of age. 



* "History of the Macleods," by X'ivx. M:ickcnz 
F.S.A. (Scot.). Inverness, 1S89. 




.lolinson, who visited Skye in 1773, refers to this 
horn, while Burns, in one of his songs, says — 
■' I'll conjure the glicst of the great Rory Mor, 

.^11(1 Ijuinper his horn to him twenty times o'er." 
Rory Mi'ir's cup, however, is a much more 
int(!resting relic. Through the kindness of Rev. 
R. C. MacLeod, 
vicar of Bolney, 
.Sussex, a son of 
the Venerable 
MacLeod of Mac- 
liCod, we are per- 
mitted to give a 
photograph of 
this very ancient 
jiiece (if work- 
m;inship. It is 
described as fol- 
lows by Sir 
Walter Scott in 
his notes to "The 
Lord of the 
Isles " : — 

"Til is very curi- 
ous piece of anti- 
(juity i.s nine inches 
and three-quarters 
in in.side dt-pth, and 
ten and a half in 
heiglit on the out- 
side, the e.xtreme 
measure over the 
lips being four 
inches and a half. 
The cup is divided 
into two parts by a 
wrought ledge, 
beautifully orna- 
mented, a 1 1 o u t 
three fourths of an 
inch in breadth. 
Beneath this ledge 
the shape of the 
cup is rounded off, 
and terminates in a 
flat circle, like that 
of a teacup : four 
li s ( ir short feet support 

the whole. Above 
th" i>nijicting ledge the shape of the cup is nearly 
square, projecting nutward at the Inim. The cup is 
made of wood (oak to all appearance), Init most curious- 
ly wrought and embossed with silver work, which pro- 
jects from the ves.sel. There are a number of regular 
prc.jecting sockets, which appear to have been set with 
stones : two or three of them still hold pieces of coral, 
the re.st .ire empty. At the four corners of the pro- 
jcetiiig ledge, or cornice, are four sockets, much larger, 
probably for pehbles or precious stones. The workman- 
ship of the silver is extremely elegant, and appears to 
have been highly gilded. The ledge, lirim, and legs of 
the cup are of silver. The family tradition bears that 
it was the property of Neil Gliin-dubh, or ISlaek-knee. 
l'>ut VI ho tbis Neil w.is no Due pretends to say. Around 



52 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the eiigeof the cup is a legend, perfectly legible, in th,- 
Saxon black-letter, which seems t" run thus : 
afo ; Johis : J«ich : || J«9n : JJiuipis : Be : Sir : || 
^ffl.inat : AVith : || ^i;ihi;i : .«H9VU»cil ; || l£t : ^p.it : 
50 : ^hu : Ba : II Clcrt : 311orm Ov* ■ II J*" «>♦ " ^^n" ■ 
J}i ■■ 3r ■■ 993 ©nili : (T^imi : || 

'I'he inscription may run thus at length : I. In Jvliatus 
Mich Maijni PHncipis de Ur ManacMich Li-ilua Mwmi- 
lull H xnerat Domhio Ihcsu dari cIcmeiUiam illiiiiim 
„,„-ra Fecit Anno Domini 993 Onlti Oimi. Which 
inay run in Knglish : I'fo. the son of John the son of 
Magnus, Prince of Man, tjie grandson of I.iahia .\ ac 
grvneil, trusts in the Lord Jesus that their works (. •■. 
h\H own ai.d those of his ancestors) will obtain mercy . 
Oneil Oimi made this in the year of (Jod nine huml.e.l 
and niiitvthree, , , , ■• 1 ., 

■ But this version docs not include the puzzling lettL-i s 
i.K before the word Manae. Within the mouth of the 
cup the letters Ms. (Jesus) are repeated four times. 
From this and other circumstances it would seem to 
have been a chalice. This circumstance may pe>hap« 
account for the use of the two Arabic nnmer.ds .1.5. 
These tigur.s were introduced by Pope bylvester ,v.D 
'191 and might be used in a vessel formed for church 
service so early as <m. The workmanship ot the 
whole cup is extremely elegant, and resembles 1 am 
told, antiques of the same nature preserved in Ireland. 

'1 here is a lament for Neil Gtwi-diMi in the 
" Book of the Deuu of Lisinore." and in a foot- 
note we are informed that he succeeded to the 
throne of Ireland in 916, »nd was killed in 
battle by the Danes in 919. The lament was 
composed by his wife, who refers to her lord 11? 
follows : — 

" Nocha u'fhac mi fear mar Kiall, 
Do bu gheal e ach a ghlim, 
Fa maith a mhaise 's a niamh, 
Taise a chiabh 'us glas a shiiil." 
" Never have I seen one like Nial, 
Fair was he all except the knee, 
Great were his beauty and his fame, 
Soft «eie his locks and grey his eye.' 
The legend connecting the cup with this Neil 
GluH-dnbl, seems to contradict the inscrijition, 
which says that this curious vessel was made 
for Magnus, Prince of Man. 

"Few cups," remarks Sir Walter Scott, 
"were better, at least more actively employed 
in th(,- rude ho.spitality of the period than those 
of Dunvegan. There is in the Leahhar Dmig a 
song intimating the overflowing gratitude of a 
bard of Clan-Ranald, after the exuberance of a 
Hebridean festival at the patriarchal iortress ot 
MacLeod." The poem here referred to is en- 
titled " Laoidh do rtnne Niall mor mac minrw/ie 
smi dun do rumdhraiijlie mor mac Lcoid,' and is 
reproduced in the late Dr. Cameron's " n,Lq,u,v 
Celticfr," Vol. L It may interest our readers 
t(. ((note a few verses to show how the viaelie 
of that period was written : — 

" Sc hoidhce dhamsa san dun 

nior bhe ancoinnmhibh falsa fuar 

cuirm lionmhur da hibhu alior 

Hon bhrngh n.or is li.mmhur sluagh 



Gair na gclairseach sna cuach throm 
ag nacii gnathach fuath na feall 
"aire na iniledh fleasgach fionn 
lioun misgeiich is teine theann 

Rio o nolbhuir aignuibh ur 

cunnbhuidh achuid ribb gach cliar 

sanenbhrugh na haisliiiL' ol 

da shluagh lionnmhur laireaing fiall 

Fichad misge leinn gach laoi 
uibhudh treisi linne no le 
tiu nert far metha do bhi 
cethair athri 7 ' le '6." 

The poem has been translated by the great 
Irish annalist. Dr. O'Connor. We give his 
rendering of the Gaelic verses quoted : — 

"Six nights I had been in Dun, it was not a falla- 
cious entertainment I received : plenty of cuirm (strong 
ale) was drunk at the board, there was a large wine- 
/>iH7A and a numerous host." ••••,,,,„, , 

•'■I'he merriment of the harp and of the tuU bowls, 
with which hatred and treachery are not usually accom- 
panied ; the laughter of the fair-haired youngsters, we 
had inebriating ale and a blazing tire. ' 

" A prince from whom a gooil disposition is acquired, 
he keeps the fellowship of all ecclesiastics ; in his regal 
court drinking is not a dream, to his numerous coni- 
pauy he is plentiful and hospitable ." 

" We were twenty times drunk every day, to which 
we had no more (Jjjection than he had ; even our food 
was ill abundance, which consisted of four, three, seven, 
along with six of varieties." 

It is abundantly evident that Rory Mor's 
cup and horn must liave inspired this tribute of 
praise from the Clan-Ranald bard. 

Tin? hereditary pipers at Dunvegan were the 
famous MacCrimmons. Para Mor (big Patrick) 
was piper to Rory Mor. and, as might be ex- 
pected, he took liis master's death very much to 
heart. Dunvegan had lost all its charms, he 
could no longer remain within its walls, so he 
shouldered his piob-nMr and marched off to Ins 
own home at Horreraig, consoling his grief by 
iilaying as he went a lament for his chief, which 
is one of the most melodious and plaintive pipe 
tunes on record. The Gaelic words associated 
with the tune are as follows : — 

Tog orm mo phiob 'us thi'id mi dhachaidh. 
Is truagh Icam fli.5in mo kHr mar thachair : 
To>' orm mo phiob "s mi air mo chriidh, 
MiTRuairidh M<'>r, mu Ruairidh Mor. 

Tog orm n.o iihiob— tha mi sgitb. 

"S mar faigh mi i theid mi dhachaidh : 

Tog orm nio phiob tha mi sgith. 

■& mi air mo chradh mu Ruaindh Mor. 

Tog orm mo phiob-tha mi sglth, 
'S mar faigh mi i theid mi dhachaidh ; 
{'Ihrsach no plob cha tog mo chridh. 
Cha bhcu fear mo ghriiidh,'lluauidh Jb.r. 

A translation or paraphrase of these lines 
will be found underneath the music. 

FlOSN. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



53 



OUWHA RUAIRIDH MHOIR— RORY MOR'S LAMENT, Ui2(j. 



Key E[>. — ^loiiii/, with nuicli feelmij. 

.d:r., nil:— .l:s., nls.d:— .d: r ., nil:— .d:r., nlr.d: — . 

Tog orm mo |phii)b 'us theid mi|<lhacliaiilh, Is truagh learn Ifhi'iii, mci leir inar| thachair ; 

Give me my pipes, I'll home them cany, In these sad halls I dare not tarry; 



. d : r ., n I 1 : — . 1 : s ., 1 j d' : — . d' 
Tog orm mo | phiob 's mi air mo \ chi'idh, Mii 
My pipes hand o'er, my heart is sore, For 

Fetch me my pipes, my heart is breaking 
For Rory Miir his rest is taking ; 
He wakes no more, and to its core 
My heart is sore for Rory Mor. 



: r' ., d' 

Kuairulh 
Uury 



Ritllantatido. 



M..r, 
M.'.r, 



; n ., r 1 r : - 

Rnairidli M/ir. 
Rory Miir. 



Give me my pipes, I'm sad and weary. 
These halls are silent, dark, and eerie ; 
The pipe no more, cheers as of yore,^ 
Thy race is o'er, brave Rory Mor. 



THE LATE DUNCAN CAMPBELL. 




By the death of Mr. Duncan Campbell, at tho 
early age of twenty-four, tlie Glasgow Skye 
Association has lost one of its most esteemed 
and valued members. Mr. Campbell was well 
known to Highlanders in the city as an enthu- 
siastic lover of everything Highland — pipe 
music, Gaelic singing, and Plighland dancing 
had each a special attraction for him. He took 
a keen interest in the work of the Skye Asso- 
ciation, and when applications for assistance 
were under discussion Mr. Campbell was always 
anxious that every deserving case should be 
dealt with generously, the outcome, no doubt, 
of his own kindly and generous disposition. 
He read two interesting papers befoi-e the asso- 
ciation on " William Ross, the Gaelic Bard," and 
" Place-Names in Strath, Skye." It may be said, 
to his credit, that he was so keenly sensitive 
on questions affecting the good name of the 
Highlands that he could not even appreciate a 
joke when it reflected in any degree upon his 
countrymen. We heartily respect the feeling. 
Mr. Campbell was a member of the Glasgow 
Highland Regiment. He died at his native 



place, Broadford, Skye, where he had gone to 
recruit his health, and lies buried in Kila-chro, 
under the shadow of the hills he loved so well. 
Some of his friends in Glasgow propose erecting 
a memorial stone over his grave. His presence 
will be greatly missed at the annual gathering 
of the natives of Skye, which takes place on 
an early date. 

Bearsden. DoNALD NiCOLSON. 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



I.M our next issue we will present our readers 
with a life-like plate portrait of Sir James Col- 
quhoun, Bart, chief of the clan, who is to preside 
at the social gathering of the Clan Colciuhoun, in 
Glasgow, oil 29th December, Also portaits of Dr. 
R. C. Macdiarmid, Dr W. Murray Mackay, North 
Shields, vice-president, Clan Mackay Society ; and 
Miss A. E. Murray-Macgregor, director. Clan 
Gregor Society. In addition to these, the second 
part of Mr. Fraser-Mackintosh's interesting article 
will be illustrated with a fac-shnUe of a charter 
dated 1550, granted by Archibald, 4th Earl of 
Argyll, with a fine reproduction of his seal. A 
view of Mingarry Castle will also be given. Mr. 
Mackay, Hereford's, concluding article will be 
illustrated with engravings of Borve Castle, Farr, 
and an ancient stone in Farr Churchyard, believed 
to belong to the Norse period. Mr. D. Murray 
Rose also contributes a valuable article on the 
" Earldom of Ross," which will be suitably illus- 
trated. In addition to these, other pictures will 
be given. 

We also intend presenting oiu- readers with a 
four-page Supplement, containing the comjjlete 
Muster-Roil of the Reay Fencible Regiment, 
which will be a valuable appendix to Mr. Mackay, 
Hereford's, volume on that regiment, recently pub- 
lished. 

The next number will also contain interest- 
ing contributions from the pens of Mr. Malcolm 
MacFarlane, Col. Charles Stewart, and other well- 
known writers. Altogether, our '" New Year Num- 
ber " will be the best and most interesting budget 
of Celtic literature ever ofi'ered to Highlanders at 
the small charge of threepence. 



54 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



EXPULSION OF THE NORSEMEN FROM 
SUTHERLAND STRATHNAVER THE 
SCENE. 

By John- Mackav, C.E., J.P., Hereford. 



(pI^HERE is no very authentic record in the 
V^ annals of Scotland as to the exact era in 
^■^^ which tiie dreaded " Lochlinnicli ' made 
Settlements on the north and south coasts of 
Suthei'land, or of Caithness or the Hebrides. 
In the Ossianic poems references are made to 
their predatory and hostile incursions under 
such leaders as (iorlo, Sarno, the father of 
Comalj(C'aonih-mhal), Swaran ; and Duhh-mhic- 
Roinne, who, it is said, lived in the north-east 
ot Caithness, was one of the heroes who assisted 



Cunihal, the father of the renowned Fingal, in 
his wars with the sons of Morni, but, from his 
iiauie, it may be conclusively said he was a 
Caledonian Pictish chief, not a Norse leader. 

The sterility of their country, their continual 
feuds amongst themselves, the continuous wars 
for ascendancy and power amongst their leaders, 
inclined the Norsemen to be warriors, seafaring 
men, and pirates. In their own country they 
lived by hunting and fishing. In early days, 
when the tilling of tlie ground was little under- 
stood and practised, it must have been hard 
work tempting those yellow-haired lads — eager, 
young adventurers — to stay at home when they 
could live upon the sea in their rude but staunch 
little ships as well, if not better, than on land, 
especially when they were told great stories of 




■niiNNIi: ST1!ATIIN"A\1T. " Tin: H.Air n\- Tlir M^nCATS. 



sunshiny, fruitful lands that lay to the west and 
south, where plenty of silver and gold, bright 
clothes, and abundance of food could be obtained 
in the market of war for the blows of their axes, 
the strengtli of their arms, and the courage of 
their hearts. No wonder that it seemed to them 
a waste of time and energy to .stay at heme in 
bleak and sterih^ Norway ! 

Till the middle of the Sth century the expe- 
ditions of the Norsemen were more for plunder 
and adventure than for taking possessions and 
colonising. They sailed into bays and estuaries, 
plundering wherever they landed, fighting when 
resisted, and from these iiabits ac(iuired in tlieir 
own language the ap])ellation of " Vikingr," 
bay fre(|U(;uters, rovers, pirates, freebooters. In 
heathen times in Norway it was usual for young 
men of distinction, before settling down, to 



make warlike ex])editions into foreign places, as 
a |)art of their education, and this voyage was 
called " viking"- going into bays for a rmd. It 
is possible these Norse raiders taught the Gael 
to imitate these practices in | after years on 
land. 

Gradually these expeditions led to permanent 
conquests in Scotland, Ireland, France, and 
Sicilj', even to tireece and the gates of Constan- 
tinople. In 84.'{ these bold, warlike warriors 
sailed up the Loire and plundered th(! country 
right and left. In S-la Rolf, the Ganger, sailed 
up th(^ Seine and plundered Paris, and a few 
years thereafter took possession of Normandy 
and defied the King of France. 

Thi^ nortli of Scotland, from its proximity to 
the Orkney Isles, the great seat of the Vikingr, 
severely felt the plunderings and extortion.s of 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



55 



thfse inarauders, and hence, it may be pi-esuuied, 
the erection of those so-called Pictish towers so 
numerous in every fertile strath in Sutherland 
and parts of Caithness, for defence and warning 
in time of invasion by these tierce barbarian, 
seafaring hordes. No doubt many a bloody con- 
flict took place between them and the natives, 
of which we Iiave so many traditionary tales, in 
poetry and prose. 

In 875 Sigurd Eysteinson, Earl of Orkney, 
with tlie aid of Thorstein the Red, subduetl 
Caithness and Sutherland as far as Ekkials- 
bakki (Uy Kel), frequently defeating the 
armies sent against them by the King of Scots, 
and carrying their conquest into Ross-shire. 
Sigurd was buried at Siderha', now callad 
Cyderhall, near Dornoch. In 996 this Sigurd, 
or Siward Hlodrerson, subdued the whole coast 
right away to Aberdeen, and obtained a daughter 
of the King of Scots in marriage. Siward fell 
at the great battle of Cluntarf, near Dublin, 
in lOli, won by Brian Boroinihe (the cow dis- 
tributor), and his son Thorlinn, at the age of 
five, was confirmed in the possessions of his 
father by the King of Scots. Disagreeing with 
Duncan, the successor of his grandfather, who 
demanded tribute from him, he defeated his 
armies, as the Sagas say, and ravaged the wholt^ 
of the Lowlands as far south as Fife, burning, 
sLiyiiig, and subduing the land as he went. 
After Thortiiin's death in lOG-t, Caithness and 
the Orkneys were torn by internal dissensions 
and disputed successions, murders and assassina- 
tions amongst the Norse leaders, till 11.50, when 
Harold Maddadson, a grandson of an Athole 
Eail, succeeded. He, too, had a competitor in 
Harold Wngi, or the younger, who was favoured 
by William the Lion, King of Scots, who be- 
stowed upon him the title of Earl of Caithness, 
while the King of Norway confirmed to the 
other the title and possessions of the Orkney 
Isles The younger Harold levied troops in 
Sutherland and Caithness, to make good the 
rights given him by the King of Scots, and a 
great battle was fought between the two Harolds 
at Clardon, near Thurso, in which the younger 
was slain and his army defeated. Tliis event, 
and the cruelties to which the victor subjected 
the vanquished, having come to the ear of the 
Lion King of Scots, made him very wroth. He 
immediately set about punishing the cruel 
Harold, and arranged with Reginald of the 
Isles, son of the King of Man, the greatest 
warrior of his day, to levy and collect troops in 
Ireland, Galloway, Kintyre, and the Isles, expel 
Harold from Sutherland and Caithness, and 
reduce the country to the king's rule. Reginald 
accepted the king's mandate, collected his troops 
from these districts, and landing either in Loch- 
broom or Lochinver, marched through the 



morasses and forests of Sutherland, and de- 
bouched into Strathnaver liy the south side of 
the famed Ben Clibric. Harold was kept well 
informed of Reginald's movements, knew from 
what quarter the storm of battle would burst 
upon him, and he prepared himself for it liy 
collecting his Norsemen from Orkney and Caith- 
ness, and marching them into the heights of 
Strathnaver to meet the coming storm. He 
posted his array upon rising ground on the east 
side of the river Naver — since called 1 )al-harold, 
or Harold's field or meadow — about a mile 
below the east end of Loch Naver, sending out 
as far as the east end of Ben Clibric a strong 
detachment to watch the advance of the enemy, 
and, should the opportunity offer itself, to give 
them a taste of Norse valour and fighting quali- 
ties. This, it would appear, happened, for on 
Reginald's vanguard coining round the east end 
of Ben Clibric Norsemen were descried to the 
left, posted on the southern slope of Cnoc-bad- 
aii leathad (the hill of the tufty slope), north 
side of Loch Truderscaig. This advance divi- 
sion of Reginald's army at once made for the 
enemy, and an obstinate combat ensued. The 
Norsemen were defeated with great slaughter, 
and retired upon Harold's main army encamped 
ii])on Dal-lmrold. The scene of this confiict is 
still marked with twenty-two tumuli, where the 
slain were interred. 

Having ascertained the pre.sence of the enemy. 
Reginald put his forces in order of battle and 
marched on for miles till he came in view of 
Harold's position by the side of the Naver river, 
which protected his right flank, his right centre 
strengthened Ijy an ancient fort, into which lie 
would probably post his arcliers. In his imme- 
diate front was a ravine, difficult to cross and 
easily defended ; his centre was posted on gr-ound 
rising into a terrace above the river, and his 
left posted on the slopes of a knoll, still called 
the "bloody knoll," a name given to it from the 
terrible slaughter made upon and around it. The 
position was well chosen for the fight of heroes, 
and extended from the river a distance of 1500 
yards. Reginald's army was probably superior 
in numbers to Harold's, but the Norsemen were 
fresh, while the Islanders and Highlanders were 
tired and weary liy their long March over the 
moors and morasses from -\ssynt to the Naver. 
The battle soon began, and, we may be sure 
of it, that Harold, with his valiant and 
fierce veteran Norsemen, did their very best 
— they were fighting for hearth and home. 
The Islanders, Gallowegians, Irish, and the 
natives who joined were actuated by a spirit 
of deep revenge for injuries perpetrated upon 
them for several centuries by the ruthless 
Lochlinnich. 

(To BE concluded). 



56 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



URUiSG CHOIRE-NAN-NUALLAN. 

First Prize Sgeulachd at Obas Mod. 



By John MacFadyen. 



r=JP|llLACH ATR 'o ohioiiii a fada gu'n d'tliiiinig 
V^ Rii^h Otlmileam ;i Tiir Atliaileaiii a shealg 
■^5^^ do (ihleann nam inang 's nam niaoiseach, 
's blia e ch6mhiiaidh — 

" Fo aiinart thar gheig barraich, 
'All sealliidh snSil bair crauuaibh a long. " 

Agus thacliair air latha do na liiilhean 'n uair 
a bha iad a mach a' sealg, gu 'n deachaidh mac 
an Righ, Talarasan nan dual oir, air seachran 
o chach, 's gun na chuideachd ach ditliis ghill- 
ean agus a cliii " Luran," agus fhad' 'sa liha iad 
«g iarraidh an rathaid tliainig an tanaiiioeli 
orra, agus thachair gu 'n rol ill an rathad dhacti- 
aidh gan toirt troimh Choire-iian nuallan, agus 
11 uair a hlia iad a' dol seachad air bothan na 
li-airidL aig Oailleach-bun-na-beinne, blia ise a 
mach agus thuirt i riutha ; — " Tillibli a chlann, 
cha 'n 'eil an Coire glan roimhibh." " Clia till 
ach gcaltaire a Chaillich chroui," ar.sa Taiainsan. 
"Ciod is mo air Talamsan mac Righ Othaileam 
ii Tur Athaileam, tliu fein na na bheil 'sa' 
Choire 'I " " Is ard d' inbli a dhiulnaich, ach 's 
dill nach gabh couihairle," ars' a' Chailieach. 

Ghabli na laoich air an aghaidh troimh Choire- 
Tian-nuallan, gus an d'thainig iad gu 8loc-nam- 
iiieali agus an sin chunnaic iad an ainnir 'Im 
luraiche air an do dhearc siiil rianih — 

Bha suil ghorin-mheallacli mar dhruclul meala 

Air bharr fkilleaii nan licis, 
Mar uchd eala, no cloiinheid canuaich 

Bha snuadh lannair a ciieas. 

Bha slatag slicilich 'na laimh dhcis, agu.s bha a 
lanili chli air a culaobh. Chaidh an cu ceuni 
air tiioiseach air na daoine, an sin shoas e, is 
thoisich e air comhartaich rithe. " Gaisg do 
chii a Thalanisaiii," ars' ise, "bithidh coin nam 
tlath air eill gus an t&isich an fhaoghaid." 

" Laidii 'Luran,'" arsa Talam.san. " 'Se sin 
' Luran ' do dhunachsa nochd," ars' an ainnir, 
nach robh 'na h-ainnir ni b'fhaide ach 'na caillich 
nualaidh, neimheil, ghuineach. Dh'fhas an t- 
slatag sheiiich a bha na laimh na shlacan 
draoidiieachd, s liha nathair shligineach, tlieinn- 
leach 'na cuaich 'na broilleacli : — 

Bha craicionn mar bhoicionn 
Ciar-lihoc nan cirn, 
Bhios eadar an cojird 'xan t-arad ; 
Chmiapbhristeadh i 'chno 
Eadar a sron 's a .smcig. 

Cho liiath 'sa fhuair i aiiim a' clioin gliaiiin i g 
a idiinsaidh e 's cha tugadh e feairt tuilleadli 
air a mliaiglistir ; 's ami a chaidh e 'na charaibh 
leis an L^rui.sg, oir b'i sud I'rui.sg Choire nan- 
nuallaii, ged liu mhaiscach i air a chcud sheall- 
adh a fhuair iad dhi. 



'N uair a cliunnaic na gillean mar a thachair, 
theich iad dhachaidh leis an sgeul nihuladach 
gu 'n do mharbii Uruisg Choire nan-iuiallan 
Talamsan, mac an Rigli. 

Tliog an Righ a niach an latli'r-na nihaireach, 
leis a h-uile duine 'bha mar mliilUean dha a 
shireadh a mhic. Fhuair iad an oil, '• Luran," 
niarbh 's gun ribe tionnadh air, ach cha 'n 
fhac' iad mac an High, no Uruisg, ach meall iir 
'an Sloc-namineall. Thill an Righ dhachaidh 
gu duthach, bronach ; cha robh do chloinn aige 
ach Talamsan agus aon nigliean — Caol-uihala- 
dhonn — agus thug Caol nihala-dhonn Ix'iid nach 
posadh i fear gu britli ach am fear a inharbhadh 
Uruisg Choire-nan-nuallan. 

Chuala Breac-ghliiii, Mac Thoicuil, Righ 
Dhiiuaid an Eiriiin, iiiu'n bhoid a thug Caol- 
mhala-dlionn. B'e sud Breac-ghlim nan seachd 
cath 's nan seachd liiiaidh, agus bhiodh seachd 
laoich a' cath air gach laimh dheth. 

Air latha de na liutliean tliainig e air tir aig 
Aniar-nan-eithear, agus thog e ris an aonach 's 
an anamoch, agus o'n nach robh aige ach Caill- 
each ri choinneacliadh cha b' fhiach leis a ohuid 
laoch a thoirt leis, ach thug e leis an t-Easgadach- 
luath-chasach : — 

A' bheireadh air a' ghaoth luath Mhairt 
S clia bheireadh a' ghaoth luath Mhairt air. 

A' dol seachad air bothan na h-aiiidh aig 
Cailleaclibun-ua-beiiiiie, bha 'Cliailleach a macli, 
agus thuirt i — " Tillibh a chlaim cha 'n 'eil an 
Coire glan roimliilih." "' Gabh romhad a chrom 
Chaillich liatli," arsa Breacghliin, " cha till ach 
gealtaire, 'de 's nifi air Breac-ghlun, mac 
Thorcuil Righ Dhiniaid nan coig stuadh, 'an 
taobh tuath na h-Eirionn, thu fein na na tha 
's a' Choire ! "Is ard d' inbh a dhiiilnaidi ach 's 
diii uach gabh comhairle," ars' a' Chailieach. 

'N uair a rainig BreacgliHin Coire-nan- 
nuallan chunnaic e an ainnir 'bu mhaisiche air 
an do dhearc siiil riainli — 

Thar gach ainnir 'an snuadli, 

A' toirt huaidh air innai na h-Eirionn. 

Bha slatag sheiiich 'na laimh 's thuirt i ris : — 
" Cia d' as, 's c6 d'tliuige a laoich, de fiith do 
sheud 's do siiiubhal ? " "Is niise," ars' esan 
Breac-ghlim mac Tliorcuil Righ Dliunaid nan 
coig stuadli an taobh tuath na h-Eiriomi, tha 
mi 'dol do Choire-nan-nuallan a' niarbhadh 
Uniisg Shioc-nani-nieall, a reir iarrtus Caol- 
nihala-dhonn, nighean Righ Otiiaileam an Tiir 
Athaileam." Ars' an ainnir — "An e gaol 
ainnir no fuath iiruisg a thug Breac-ghlun a 
Kirinii i Ma 's e fuath iiruisg lubaidh a 
chruaidh* ri h-uclul, ma 's e gaol ainnir, is 
sleaiiihaiii an greum air an easgainn a li-earball. 



• Luhaidk a chruaidh — hia steel shall beud, or his 
sword shall bend. CitMiilh—ateeh 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



57 



Tha ochd Matliailili I.^ in.n-fliir an Tiir Athaileam 
a nochd : — 

Is sleamhain leao an (iorns tuir. 

Is sleamhna na sin iiidh 's na dh'aog. 

"Is raise nighean righ garbh-slileagh, an 
Talla-nan-sogh, 's tha uiaithibh ra' atliar aig 
loic a' nochd. Cuir do ghille a thireadh do 
laoich, is thijibh uiU' do Tlialla-nan sogh is 
gheibh sibh aoidlieachd nach d'fhuair tlui riamh 
air talamh na h-Eirionn." 

" Fall)h Easgadaich," arsa Breac-ghlun, 'se 
eur cagar na cliluais, "greas a' so mo laoich, ach 
l)iodh iad na'n eideadh." 

Dh'fhalbli an t-Easgadacii, 's niu 'n robh e 
ach gaiin air falbh dh'atharaich an ainnir a 
criith, 's dli' aithnich Breacghlim giir h-ann a 
bli'aige an Uriiisg Dh'flias a slatag sheilich 
'na shlacan-druidheachd is tharuinn Breac-ghhin 
a shleagh — 

A bha sadarth air slacan na h-Uruisg 
'S a' toirt Mac-talla :i stiican nam beann, 

Ach 'n uair 'thill an t-Easgadach 's na laoioli, 
cha d' fhuair iad mac righ, ainnir, no Uruisg, 
ach nioall ur 'an Sloc-nam-meall. 
( Til be concluded). 



STATE OF CAITHNESS FROM 1730 TO 
1760, AND THE SHERIFF. 

(An Oi.Ti MS.). 



P?|3||HE shops of two merchants named Hen- 
X^ derson and Miller were likewise robh(:d. 
'j:^^ Robert Goldie, a merchant from Elgin, 
was also robbed about three miles from 
Thurso, and his money and merchandise taken 
to the value of £150. The Meal Girnels 
in Thur.so were broken into in 1759, and 
their contents stolen. It is nnnecessaiy, how- 
ever, to give further details from the MS. to 
illustrate what was happening at the tiuie, 
as the instances given will amply suffice. It 
may be mentioned, however, that latterly the 
band developed the daring plot of robi>ing old 
Freswick himself at Freswick Castle, where it 
was believed he kept a large sum of money. 
There have been several versions, traditionary 
and otherwise, of this atteun)t given to the 
public, to which much public interest has been 
attached. But as the MS. on which this brief 
article is based was written scarcely two montlis 
after the incident itself, its contents may be 
looked upon as authentic when compared with 
all other statements. The I'obbery was to take 
place on a certain night, and a female .servant 
at Freswick Castle was a party to the plot. 
Two of the gang, named James Sutherland and 
Alexander Rugg, relented, and divulged the 
whole scheme to Freswick. At length the 
Sheriff-Depute bestirred himself, and with the 



assistance of his retainers and others he caused 
the apprehension of Donald Rugg, John Swan- 
son, and Andrew Keith. The Sheriff had a 
private interview with John Campbell, the Jew, 
whom he allowed to escape out of the county, 
along with his father, Samuel Campbell. Fres- 
wick's female servant committed suicide, and 
was buried in the Hill of Freswick. Her re- 
mains were found almost intact about ten years 
ago in the same place. 

The Sheriff came in for a great share of pul>lic 
indignation, but as he was not on friendly terms 
with the county gentlemen he eared little what 
they said. It edged out that John Campbell 
had informed the Sheriff of all the murdei-s and 
robberies which the band had committed. Fur- 
ther, Andrew Keith made a similar confession, 
which he signed, and this confession was sent by 
Mr. John Russell, the Procurator-Fiscal to the 
Sheriff-Depute ! But, notwithstanding all this, 
the latter worthy left the county and jiroceeded 
to Edinliurgh as if nothing unusual had been 
taking place within his sheriffdom. Before 
going he left no instructions, and, on the whole, 
treated matters with absolute indifference. 
Sutherland and Rugg had been dismissed by 
himself, and allowed to go through the county 
as they pleased. Through an act of indulgence 
Donald Rngg was allowed to escape from prison. 
He was visited while there several times by a 
woman named Clark, who surreptitiously intro- 
duced some irons, through the instrumentality of 
which he afterwards broke through the prison 
and escajied. 

The county gentry in their seats were 
alarmed, as men with faces blackened were ob- 
served skulking around their houses in the 
night time. Firearms had to be resorted to, 
and things had been lirought to such a pass 
tliat gentlemen did not consider themselves 
.safe without having parties of men guarding 
their houses, nor in travelling without an escort 
at night. Some of the gang were even seen to 
go to church. The MS. graphically sums up 
the state of matters in one sentence — "Such is 
the present situation of this very gross and 
grave affair." The Sheriff took matters easy, 
and suited himself. Andrew Keith, with some 
others, broke into the prison and liber.ited his 
sister, while all the time the Sheriff was spend- 
ing the night in a public-house, within thirty 
yards distance. The public-house was kept by 
the acting liailie of the town ; and the Sheriff 
took no steps to as.sert his authority, but quietly 
left for his country seat as if nothing liad hap- 
pened. The Sheriff allowed his own friends to 
do as they liked, and on one occasion, on re- 
ceiving a complaint from a Thur.so merchant, 
the Slieiiff rt-hirnt'd him an abusive and 
threatening letter. 



58 



THE CET/nC MONTHLY. 



There were about twenty fairs in the county 
at the lime, at which, the MS. narrates, that 
men. after gettinc drunk, thrashed and abused 
one another with huge .sticks, many being 
killed, while many lingered for a time and died 
of their bruises It was laid at the door of the 
Sheriff that he had not held a Sheriff Court for 
a considerable period, and. in proof of this, 
reference was made to the Sheriff Court books. 
But, further, it was alleged that he had a large 
estate in the county, parts of which were situ- 
ated at considerable distances from each other ; 
that there were several large farms on his 
estate, with several hundred small tenants, and 
that he had no time for the discharge of the 
duties of the slierifl'dom. Besides, he was at 
variance with all tlie county gentlemen, whom 
he would not ask for assistance, and that in the 
administration of justice all these differences 
had their influences. 

But. in conclusion, it is asked in the MS 
why all this should be endured by men who 
had assisted His Majesty's armies and paid 
their taxes ? It is satisfactoi-y, however, to 
know that not long after the date of the docu- 
ment in question a considerable improvement 
had taken place in the peace and general secu- 
rity of the county. Had there not been ample 
proof, it is scarcely possible to believe that so 
much violence existed in the far north only 
about one hundred and thirty years ago. 

George M. Sutherland. 

Wick. 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The MacDonai.ds are the most numerous of all 
the clans. 

The okkat pioh mhor (bagpipe)is peoihar to bcot- 
land only. 

Lohd'Breadalbane's estate stretches seventy 
miles west from his own door. 

Angus Dubh Mackay could raise 4000 lighting 

men. ,, ,• 

Kiyii RoBEKT THE Bruce addressed the Parlia- 
ment of Ardchattan in the Gaelic tongne. 

The la.st wolk in Siotland is said to have been 
killed by Sir Ewen Cameron. 

The Kino of one of the Pacific Islands is a 
Highlander named Ross. 

The Maclboiis, Macaulays, Macaskills, Macivers, 
and MacCorciuodales are of JSorse origin. 

Two HKiHi.ANiiEKS who refused a bribe of 
£3O,0(J0 to V>etray Prince Charlie were afterwards 
hanged for-. s/<vi/i»,;/ u coir/ 

McNKO OK FowLis holds his lands on conditum 
that he will bo prepared to iiresent his Sovereign 
with a ball of snow when called ujioii to do so. 

Thk grandfather of Lord Macanlay, the historian, 
had to^tiee the oinitiy for attempting to betray 
Prince Charlie in the island of Uist. 

The amient si'ELI.ini; of the name Mackay was 
"Macky." General Mackay of Scourie was the 
first to adopt the present form. 



The favoikite weapons of the ancient High- 
landers were the broadsword, Lochaber axe, and 
dirk (liiodaij). 

Amono the first families in Scotland to em- 
brace the Protestant reli,gion were the Sutherlands, 
Mackays, Munros, and Roses. 

From 17G0 to 1814, the number of Highlanders 
who joined the army has been estimated at IVoiu 
80,000 to 100,000. 

In the Sutherland Fencible regiment of 1770 
there were no fewer than 104 persons of the name 
of William Mackay, 17 being in one company. 

When the wearing of the kilt was prescribed 
in 174(5, it was a common practice for Highlanders 
to evade the law bv stitching the kilt up the 
middle ! 

The Macdonalds of Clanranalds march is 
SiMiiihciifachd Mhh- Mhic-AUfin : their lament, 
Cuiiiha Mhh- Mhic-Ailcht; and their slogan or 
war-cry, Addanii OflnDinairli. 

The Days OF the Week in Gaelic. — Can any- 
one f'ive the origin and derivation of the Gaelic 
name's for the days of the week. Are they Celtic ? 

— Dl-LCAIN. 

John Ma<kenzie, of " The Beauties. —Can 
anyone say if there is a likeness of this well-known 
Celt in existence, and if so, where it is treasured '. 
It would be well worthy of a place in your gallery 
of Celtic celebrities.— CARERFEinH. 

It is not generally known that Mr. Ch.arles 
Coborn, the well-known vocalist, is the son of a 
Ross-shire Highlander. His real name is Mac- 
Callum, and his father was at one time president of 
the Gaelic Society of London. 

The Macleans declare that Spain will get "a 
jolly good drubbing" in their war with Morocco, 
for the commander-in chief of the Moors, and con- 
fidential adviser to the Sultan, is a Maclean ! The 
Spaniards ought to be warned in time. 

The Antiquity of the Tartan.— The coat of 
many colours bestowed by Jacob on his son Joseph 
is held by a sanguine theorist to have been tartan, 
for saith'Zachary Boyd's Bible : — 

" Jacob gave to his wee soil .losie 
A tavtaii coat to keep him coaie." 

The Highlanders of last century are often 
referred to as " a race of brawlers, murderers. an<l 
rolibers." The following statistics ought to silence 
these slanderers for ever :— From 1747 to 1817 the 
i.roiiortion of convicted criminals in the Highlands 
was 1 to ;W1,«77 of the inhabitants. In England 
and Wales the proportion fri>iii 1810 to 1817 was 1 
to 1«,898. In the Inveraray circuit the proportum 
was only 1 to 709,501 of the population. 

The name " Craig."— Sir, I would feel obliged 
if you, or any of your readers, could inform me to 
what clan (if anv) the Craigs belonged, also what 
tartan they wore I I am told the name is derived 
from the Gaelic for a .stone.— One of them,— 
Crai" is a toiiographic surname from ((iaelic) cnic/ 
—a rock ; Scotch, crag. It is hard to say where 
the Craigs originally belong to. They are found in 
various parts of the Lowlands. Cosmo Iniies, in 
his work, "Concerning some Scotch Surnames," 
refers at page 39 to the confusion occasioned by 
translating names, and remarks, " We made De la 
Roche and De Rnpe into Craig.'— Fionn, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



59 



CUMHA DO DH-FHEAR LONNDABHRA LAMENT FOR ALLAN CAMERON 
OF LUNDAVRA. 

Gaelic by Ailean Dall, Translation by the late Mrs. Mary JL\ckkllar. 



Air Fonn- 



' MUf 



'S LionMHOR suil a tha galach, 

Dubhach, deurach, mu Fhear Lonndabhr.^, ; 
'S eoirt Icam sj;aradh do oht'ile, 

Bho 'n la tbainig an t-eug ort gnu diiil ; 
lihi ga d' mhilleadh b' e 'ra beud e, 

Gun do ghillean ad reir 's tu 'n cruaidh-chi'is, 
Dhol a chuniail do shreine 

'N uair a dh' fheargnaich a' bheist 'thug a bld^Mli. 

Tha do nigheau t'o ghruatnan, 

Snaim a cridhe cha 'n fhuasgail ach njall. 
'S e mar chudthrom na luaidhe 

Air tuiteani fo bhruaidhlein nach ganu ; 
Sior-shnidhe le "gruaidhibh, 

'S i driighadh trouuh 'cluasaig fo ceann : 
'S goirt an sgaradh a fliuair i, 

'N am dhi diisgadh, 's cha bliruadar a lib' ann. 

N uair a chaidh thu na d' dhlollaid, 

Moch an la ud a triad bho 'n Tigh-blian, 
Lan tuigs' agus riasain, 

Fhir a chumadh an riaghailt air c^ch — 
Faicleach, furachail, ciallach, 

'N uair a ghlac thu do shrian ann ad laimh 
Mar stiuir luinge "n uair fliiathail, 

'S i gun eagal gun fhiarah roimh 'n ghanitli aird. 

Chaidh an t-ainmhidh gu dhidan, 

'S eha ghabhadh a' bhruid cur fo sniachd ; 
'S m' an deaohaidh tu 'd chiiram, 

'S ann thainig a' chilis ort gu grad ; 
Leis an leum thug an ciirseach, 

Mar gu'n lasadh am fiidar fo 'n t-sraiil, 
Bha do phearsa, 's b' i 'n diubhail 

Air dhroch caramh fo chruidhean a chas. 

Bu tu marcaich nan steudeach, 

Gun uireasbhuidh ct'ille na 'n dail ; 
'S ged a thuislich do cheum ort, 

Cha 'n 'eil tios nach e 'n teug a bha 'n dan ; 
Ach sgeul craiteach ri leughadh, 

Gun do ohairdean bhi li-irsinn mar bhi'i. 
"S tu call d' fhola, tromchreuchdach, 

Gun aon duin' ach thu fein an gleanii f;is. 

'N uair a thainig do ghille, 

Bha sud nkdurra 'thioma bhi truagh ; 
UUoirt a shuilcan air nihire 

'S liu (lliith 'dhcoir s iad a' sileadh k' i;hruaiilli ; 
Clia robli chndhail ach sgiorrail, 

'S e gun chomhnadh a' sileadh nam bruach, 
Tigh'nn na onrachd bho "n fhireaoh, 

'S gun fhear-sgeoil aige dh' innis mar fhuair. 



rhhaisg air an f-saoghal." 

Oh! sore is our weeping, 

Lundavra. 'tis for thee that we mourn. 
Thy loved spouse alone sleeping 

Sighs in vain for her chieftain's return ; 
Would thy men had lieen near thee 

In the hour of thy sorest need. 
Then no danger could fear thee 

Tho' restless and wayward thy steed. 

Oh ! thy daughter's in anguish, 

Whatever can soothe her again, 
In woe she will languish. 

And the tears from her eyelids will rain ; 
liude and wild was the billow 

That woke her that morn from sleep, 
Now bedewed is her pillow 

With the tears that she aye must weep. 

The grey dawn was breaking 

When leaving the white house in tlie glen. 
Thy last morn was breaking. 

Thou sagest in counsels of nicn ; 
Sitting firm in thy saddle 

Thou wert without fear or ipialm. 
F folding lightly thy bridle, 

Like the helm of a ship in a calm. 

As the tempest comes dashing, 

Oft uprooting the stateliest tree, 
As the lightnings come flashing, 

The swift message of death came to tliee; 
'I'hy charger had bounded 

Ere thou wert, brave chieftain, aware, 
And bleeding and wounded 

Lay thy form, once so stately and fair. 

Thou wert rider most fearless 

Although death in thy path lay in wait. 
Among men thou wert jieerless, 

'I'hough dark and im toward thy fate ; 
Had thy friends but been near thee 

When bleeding alone on the ground. 
With no fond voice to cheer thee. 

Anil no kind band to soothe thy deep wound. 
( )h ! sad was the wailing 

Of him who came first of thy men, 
< )h ! deep is the wailing 

O'er thee in the desolate glen ; 
Oh ! well might he sorrow 

To find thee alone in thy pain. 
And to know that no morrow 

Could restore him his chieftain again. 



PRIZE COMPETITIONS. 



The prize of £1 Ls., offered by Mr. Charles Fraser- 
Mackintosh for the best Higliland tradition, has 
l)een awarded to Mr. A. B. M'Lennan, Loclibois- 
dale (Ben Wyris), for his contribution, entitled 
" Donald Macleod, the Soldier," whicli we have 
pleasure in printing in the present issue. 

The prize of five shillings offered by Miss Mackay, 
tielfast, for the best Reay country tradition, has 
been awarded to Mr. George Mackay, Sinoo, Dur- 



ness, Sutherland (Glen-Gollie), for his story, " Lord 
Reay's Adventure on Fionaven," which will a])pear 
in iie.\t number. 

We have decided to keep tlie Gaelic competition 
open till the 30th November, so that everyone who 
intends competing may liave a fair chance. Papers 
for this competition should be forwarded to the 
editor not later than tliat date. 



60 



THE CELTTO MONTH I.Y. 



New York Ckltic Socikty. — At a meeting of 
this Society, lield on 30th October, it was unani- 
mously agreed, on the motion of Mr. T)\nKan 
MacGregor Crerar, seconded by Mr. Ddiiuld 
MacDonald — "That, in recognition of the many 
and valuable services rendered to the language, 
music, and traditions of the Scottish Highlands by 
Mr. Henry Whyte (" Fi(mn "), the honour and 
privileges of lionorary membership be, and are 
hereby conferred upon him ; and that he, in virtue 
of this resolution, be elected an honorary member 
of this society." 

Cl.*.n Malkay Societv. — The Annual Business 
Meeting was held in Edinburgh on lOth >ilt.. Dr. 
George Mackay in the chair. Mr. John Mackaj-, 
Kingston, (Secretary,) read a very favourable 
report of the year's work, and the Treasurer's 
statement showed that the Society's funds amounted 
to nearly £800. The following ofhce-bearers were 
elected. — president, Alex. Mackay, J.P., F.S.A., 
Wilts ; vice-presidents, Colonel A. Forbes Mackay, 
Alex. Mackay, LL.D., Editor, EdiirnfUmul Nciis, 
Dr. W. M\u-ray Mackay, North Shields, George 
Mackay, Blairmore, and Alex. Mackay, and Lieut. 
William Mackay, Glasgow. The Secretaries, 
Treasurer, and a council of twenty-four were 
appointed. It was resolved to hold the competition 
for the Society's bursary next August. The Rev. 
J . Aberigh-Mackay was duly acknowledged chieftain 
of the Abrach branch of the clan, an honour which 
that gentleman will greatly appreciate, and which 
has given universal satisfaction to the members of 
the clan. It was decided to hold the Social 
Gathering in Edinburgh about the middle of 
February, when Lord Reay is expected to preside. 
Tt has also been arranged to hold a musical 
entertainment in Glasgow aboiit the middle of this 
month, at which a lecture will be delivered by Mr. 
W. Gordon Campbell on "The Mackay Country," 
illustrated by a large niunber of views of historic 
places on the magic lantern. This entertainment 
will be open to friends of members, and a large 
attendance is expected. 

Glasgow Cowal Shinty Clih — We have i>lea- 
sure in acknowledging receipt of the following 
additional subscription.s for the club-house fund : — 
Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, Esq.,- London, t'l ; 
A. Brown, Esq.,£l; Duncan Whyte, Esq., 10s; 
Arch. M'Artlun-, Esq., 5s; Lieut. Black, £1; per 
Colin Macphail, £1 10s fid. 

The National (Jiioiu (.). i.*i: K. Parlane, I'aisley) 
for November coiitaiiii'd an excclU'nt translation, 
with niusic. of '^ Mo Dhachaidh," \>y Uie a\illii)r, Mr. 
Malcolm MacFarlane. 



CAMANACHD NOTES. 

There is little to report this numth in connec- 
tion with shinty. Tlie match season has not yet 
commenced, but next month several interesting 
ccmtests are expected to take place. The GLAS(iOW 
CowAL are arranging to )ilay the London Nokthkkn 
Counties on an early date, and during the cdurse 
of the season tliey exjiect to meet El>iNnrui;ii 
Camanacui), Bai.lachui.isii, and nther prominent 
clubs. 

We are glad tu state that a strong club has been 



started in Stornovvay, and the following office- 
bearers have been elected : — Captain, W. J. 
Mackenzie ; vice-captiain, Mr. Cameron ; secretiiry, 
John Maclean ; treasurer, Mr. Clirystal ; and a 
committee of five. 

Inveroordon has also its shinty club now, and 
the following office-bearers have been ajjpointed : — 
Captain, Mr. Black ; vice-captain, Arch. Watson ; 
secretary, A. Sutlierlaiid. 

We wish these new clubs every success. 



RE VI EWS. 



The Gaelic Journal. (Dublin). — TheNovemlier 
number is to hand, and is specially attractive to 
all who are interested in Gaelic from an educational 
standpoint, containing as it does a number of 
examination papers in Irish Gaelic. We have also 
a tine-toned English article on the recently formed 
Gaelic League — a society " for the sole purpose of 
keeping the Irish language xpoki-ii in Ireland."' 
There are also a variety of articles in Irish prose 
and verse. It is evident from the " Scottish Gaelic 
Notes" that the learned editor, Prof. O'Growney, 
is keeping himself abreast of all that is going on 
among the Scottish (iaels. We cordiallj- i-eciprocate 
the editor'.s good wishes towards ourselves. 

Personal anu Clan Names of the Hi(iHLANns : 
their Origin anp Meaning. — Such is the title of 
a series of most interesting and valuable articles 
from the facile pen of our friend, Mr. Alexander 
MacBain, M.A., Inverness, which have appeared 
lately in the NortlMi-n Chronicle. This is the only 
treatise on this subject that is in any way exhaus- 
tive or scientific, and we could wish that it was 
given to the public in a permanent form. We are 
confident that the articles, revised and amplified, 
and with a copious index, would, in these days of 
clan societies, be eagerly bought, as we have really 
no authentic work on the subject of clan and 
personal names. 



Strength of the Caithne.s.s Clans. — We are 
indebted to Mr. Hector Sutherland, solicitor, 
Wick, for the following interesting statistics, com- 
piled from the electoral roll of 1892 : — 



4. Keiths 1 

.I. .Macknys j 20 

II. Sutherland^ H 

7. Sindairs I 8 

8. Swansons 1 



13 28 
10 , 12 I ,. 

4 2 1 U 



It will certainly be a surprise to many to learn 
that the two strongest Sutherland clans, the 
Mackays and Sutherlands, occujiy the leading place 
in Caithness as well, and the Sinclairs, who have 
figured so largely in the jiast history of the county, 
oidy take third place. The Mackays and Suther- 
lands .settled in Caithness in large numbers at the 
time of the evictions, 1812 to 18L'0. Will any of 
our readers kindly faxonr us with an analysis of 
the Ross-shire clan.s ! 




SIR JAMES COLQUHOUN, BART., 

Clii<:j'<iJ'tl(f Chin Colijiilioiui. 



THE CELTIC MONTHEY: 

A M4G4ZINE FOS HIGHLMDEfiS. 



No. 4. Vol II] 



Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 

.lANUAKY, 1894 



[Price Threepence. 



SIR JAMES COLQUHOUN, BART., 

Chief of the Clax CoLytiHOUN. 



fIR JAMES COLQUHOUN of C'olquhoim 
and Luss, Baronet, whose porti'ait ap- 
pears as the froutisjjieee of this number, 
■was born in George Street. Edinburgh, on 30th 
March, 1844. After passing through prepara- 
tory training at Hatlield Rectory, and later at 
lloddesdon, in Hertf^irdshire, under the Kev. 
C. G. Chittenden, he entered Harrow, where 
he concluded liis school education. From 
Harrow Sir James went to Trinity College, 
Cambridge, and in 1871 grailuated there, tak- 
ing the M.A. degree. Sir James, who is Lortl- 
Lieutenant of Dumbartonshire, takes a keen 
interest in all public ali'airs. He married 
iNIiss Charlotte M. Douglas I'^lunro, — youngest 
daughter of Major Munro, late of the TDth 
Highlanders, and Elizaljeth, his wife, a 
daughter of Sir Robert Abercromby, Bart., 
Bauti'shire, — and has two daughters. 

As Chief of the Clan Colquhoun, a short 
account of the origui of the fauxily. and a 
notice of one or two of the more famous mem- 
bers may be of interest to your readers in 
regard to the subject of our sketch, more jjar- 
ticularly as the Clan Society holds its tirst 
annual gathering on the 2!Jth of this month. 
At this gathering, which will be held iu the 
Waterloo Rooms, Glasgow, it is hoped that all 
clansmen, who can, will attend, as it is now 
many a long day since the Colquhouns gathered 
as a clan under their chief: and, indeed, we 
have no doubt the clansmen would extend 
theii- welcome to their quondam enemies, and 
be glad to meet around the festive board the 
Clan Gregor, whom last they met iu the " Yale 
of Sorrow." 

The tirst member of this family of whom 
there is any written notice was Uniphredus de 



Kilpatrick, who, in the reign of Alexander II., 
obtained a grant of the barony of Cokiuhoun, 
"pro servitio tenuis militas," and, as was the 
custom of the time, assumed the name of the 
lauds so granted The barony formed a por- 
tion of the parish of Kilpatrick, and on the 
must romiiianding portion of it — the rock of 
Duii-lass they erected a stronghold, upon 
the nniisof which their armorial bearings may 
still be seen. The great-grandson of this 
Humphrey was a Sir Robert Colquhoun, who 
married the heiress of Luss, and foimded the 
present famil}'. 

Three generations later Sir John Colquhoim 
was appointed Governor of the Castle cjf Dum- 
barton during the minority of James II. At 
this time the post was one of great importance 
and no little danger, and it is recorded by 
Buchanan that Sir John was treacherously as- 
sassinated by a body of "lawless Highlanders." 
The importance of the family at this period 
is further evidenced by the fact that Sir 
John's son, Malcolm, was one of the hostages 
for payment of the ransom of James I. 

This Sir John's grandson was Sheriff of 
Dumbartonshire in 1471, and three years later 
received a Crown grant of Strone, Ivilmun, 
Invercaple, and other places in Argyllshii-e, 
and in the same year was made Graad Cham- 
berlain of Scotland. In this capacity, and 
accompanied by Bishop Spence of Aberdeen, 
the Laird of Sauchie, and the Liou-Iving-at- 
Arms, he went to the Court of England with 
jiowers to treat for a marriage between the 
Scottish heir apparent, and Princess Ceciha, 
daughter of Edward IV. of England. 

This intended marriage never took place, 
but so well did he acquit himself of his mission 
that the king made him Governor of the Castle 
of Dumbarton for life. This Sir John was 
killed at the siege of the Castle of Dunbar 
(1477). 

Sir Alexander Colquhoun. wh(j succeeded to 
the estate iu 15'J2, was chief of the elan at the 
time of the famous fray at Glenfruiu with the 
Clan Gregor, iu 1603. " Passmg over the suc- 
ceeding generations, who were distinguished in 
various ways, we mention Sir John, who sue- 



62 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



cee led to the estates in 1G45. "We know that 
he was a warm adherent to the Royalist party 
in Scotland, and in that cause sutfei-ed many 
hardships, and that diiriui;; the time that Crom- 
well was in ])<)\ver in .Scotland he was lined the 
sum of £200U, though this sum was afterwards 
modified to a third of that amount. 

In more modern times members of the Clan 
Colquhoun have gainful celebrity in various 
ways — through Garscadden in the reckless old 
times of hard drinking and gay living; and 
still later, in the higher paths of literature and 
science, through Dr. Patrick Coh^uhoun, the 
able author of "The Population, Power, Wealth, 
and Resources of the British Emjjire, " and 
through ^Ii'. John Colquhoun, whose charming 
" Moor and Loch," and " Straj' Shots and 
Salmon Casts," are still the en^y of the Hterary 
sportsman. H. Colquhoun Hamtltos, 

Glasgow 12th Dec-., 1«93. -"'■■^•' •''■•^• 



SHOTTY DOOLT'S COURTSHIP. 



By Reid Tait. 



fWON DER at ye niither ; I cainia think 
what ails ye. To think I wad tak' u|i wi' 
— yon Shotty ! " exclaimed Ailsa Cameron, 
angrily. 

" Hout, tout," said her mother, " ye needna 
be sae haughty, Shotty wad mak' a gran' 
giiidman to ony lass." 

"Ye ken fine I'm no thinkin' o' men, and 
want none o' them," said Ailsa, w-ith a sound of 
tears in her voice. 

"There, lassie," said her mother, "I didna 
mean to vex ye. Ye .shallna he made to tak' 
onybody ye diiina want ; but if ye wad think o' 
Shotty I'd like it fine. Me mayua be ower line 
lookin', pair hody, but he's honest and guid, wi' 
a line hoose to tak' a wife tae." 

I'ut when did these attributes ever take- a 
young girl's fancy? Mrs. Cameron forgot her 
own young days ; it was not honesty or good- 
ness, or even a " fine hoose," that weiglunl with 
her then. 

Ailsa Cameron was a pretty giil, with eyes 
blue as fort;et-me nots, yellow hair like the 
wa\ingcoiii in autumn, and a face like a wild 
rose with the dew upon it. 

The.se were the despised Shotty 's similes, to 
himself, in secret. He had a vein of poetry 
runidng througi) his nature wiiich no one sus- 
pected. He made verses on his sweetheart some- 
times, but these no eye ever saw but his own. 
With all her beauty, Ailsa had had her troubles 



— troulilcs which the neiglibours knew about, 
and were not likely to forget. 

She had been going to marry Donald Eraser, 
the handsomest lad in tlie village, but he had 
gone south and had not proved true. After he 
had been away a while, Ailsa heard he was 
taking up with a giil in the town where he was 
staying. She did not believe it at first, but his 
letters grew fuw and cold, and at last she taxed 
him with it ; and he acknowledged it. This 
was more than a year ago, and Ailsa had heard 
no more from him, since she had written indig- 
nantly, giving him his freedom. 

Shotty Doolt had come to the village, from 
the next parish, about six months before Donald 
went away, and he was as ugly as the other was 
handsome. Even his very name was against 
him. He had been a foundling, found on an 
old man's doorstep, and this old man, who was 
an eccentric character, had insisted, thougii 
remonstrated with by the minister himself, in 
giving the infant this prejwsterous name. He 
-said, certainly with some show of reason, that 
as he was going to bring the child up, and make 
a man of him, he surely had a right to call him 
what he liked, and of course he had his own 
way. 

After his adopted father died, which did not 
occur until Shotty was twenty-six years of age, 
he had come to Innisfair to live, as it was 
handier for the fishing. After he came, the 
bully of the village, a big, powerful fellow, with 
a long tongue, had set upon him, but Shotty 
took no notice of him, treated him with good- 
natured contempt, which the bully took for a 
sign of w oakness. 

At last things came to a crisis. There was 
a crowd of the men together, Shotty and James 
Hendrie amongst them, and James commenced 
to jeer at Shotty for his name, Shotty stood 
it for a few minutes, good tcmperedly, but by 
and by James said something that reflected on 
Shotty's mother, and Shotty's countenance 
changed. In a moment he had raised his list, 
brought it down with crashing force on his 
adversary's head, and knocked him flat on the 
ground. The bully's blood was up, and he 
rose, vowing vengeance. Shotty was nothing 
loth, so coats were taken off, a ring was made, 
and there was a set-to tight. The old man had 
been a boxer in his youth, and had carefully 
taught his adopted son the nobh^ art of s(>lf- 
defence, and Shotty's ])Owcrful and scientific 
blows soon told a tale, and James Hendrie lay 
stretched on the ground in a sorry |)light. 

" Have ye had enough 'I " asked Shotty, as 
unruffled as ever. "Yes, do ye say?" he added, 
" Well, nnnd ye and keep a civil tongue in 
your head for the future," and Shotty w:dked 
oil' and lie was never molested again. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



6:5 



Rut though he was so liold in this way, 
Shotty was very "blate" in his wooing. He 
was so fully aware of his deficiencies. He looked 
upon Ailsa as such a personification of all beauty 
and goodness, that he was more awkward before 
her tiian was usual with him, and no one could 
call Shotty graceful at any time. 

A big, burly figure stood in the ojjen doorway 
of the Camerons' cottage, looking in. 

" Good evening to ye," said the pleasant 
voice of Shotty himself. 

" Come awa' in, Shotty, I'm gled to see ye," 
said Mrs. Cameron, who was always especially 
gracious to him, to make up for Ailsa's cool- 
ness. " Hoo are ye the night ? " 

Shotty came in as he was told, carrying 
several fine fish on a string in his hand. 

Thei'e was no doubt about it, as he stepped 
into the light of the window, that Shotty was 
ugly. You could not smooth it over and call 
him plain ; ugly was the only word for it. His 
features were about as irregular as they well 
could be — he had a big mouth, high cheek-bones, 
a Hat nose, green-gre^' eyes, and a shambling, 
loose-jointed kind of figure. He was clad in a 
fi.sherman's rough, but smart, blue cloth suit, 
a l)lue guernsey, and long-legged boots. A 
physiognomist would have said there were lines 
round that big mouth that told of tenderness 
equal to a woman's, that there was a firmness 
and determination about the square chin that 
said its owner would get on in the world, and 
that in the broad forehead, on which the dark 
hair fell, a fine intellect lay hid. But girls, as 
a rule, do not look so deep as this, and to Ailsa, 
Shotty was nether more nor less than an ugly 
young man, whom she disliked becau.se he had 
the face to come after her, and her mother 
favoured him. 

" Hoo's the fishin' been co-day, Shotty ? " en- 
quired Mrs. Cameron, plying her needles as she 
spoke. 

"Just middlin'," he replied, awkwardlv, "I 
brought you these two or three codlin', thiukin' 
ye might like them." 

" Ye're ower giiid, Shotty," said Mrs. Cameron. 
" What fine anes, tae ! Hang them up, Ailsa." 

Ailsa put down her knitting and advanced to 
do her mother's bidding. But Shotty would 
not allow this. He followed the ,girl out into 
the little yard, hung up the fish himself, and 
because Ailsa was looking at him he nearly let 
them fall, at which she laughed. 

'• Your fingers are a' thumlis, Shotty," she 
said. 

"Aye," he answered, "so it seem.s,' and 
laughed himself, but still it hurt him, that Ailsa 
should laugh at him. 

{Tu be continued.) 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 

By Malcolm MacFarlane. 

.§1|N the article by Mr. John Whyte, in this 
laP magazine (Vol. I., j,. ISC), on " Duncan 
'iM Bi'm's Musical Ada))tations," the author is 
liu/.zled at the poet's taste ir. adapting Cmn/ia 
Choire Cheathaich t(j "The Flowers of Edin- 
burgh." The explanation given may be correct, 
but there is room for another. We find the 
same bard's song, Orun a v/iampa, adapted to 
" Sae will we yet," which was popular in Edin- 
burgh in Duncan's day. At the St. Columba 
Gaelic Choir's concert two years ago, when Mr. 
Ferguson, the conductor of "the choir, was sing- 
i.'j,g Oran a' champa, it was remarked by some one 
behind me that the tune was familiar to him. 
" I have no doubt," rejoined the person addres.sed, 
"that is 'The Wearing of the Green.'" That 
is so. But it is " Sae will we yet" and Oran a' 
Champa nevertheless. It is more. It is " Tlie 
Captain with his Whiskers," which I well re- 
member to have been populai- over twenty years 
ago. In Maver's " Genuine Irish Melodies " is 
this note, which I quote entire : — 

"'The VVoaringof the Green '—in .Scotland kn.iwn 
as 'Sae will we yet.' This air was first publislie.l by 
James Oswald in 1747, amongst his 'Airs for the 
beason,' and called by him 'The Tulip {Sprine).' 
Kecently it has made its appearance (slightly altered) 
as a modern EmjlUh comic song called • The t'aptain 
with his whiskers.' Our German friends would fain 
claim this tine tune as theirs, judging from the follow- 
Tr^""*^/'^'*'"''''"^'' *° "'^^ e.litorof the Lundua Dallii 
I^ewsa.lew years ago :—', Sir, —Your .\fetz correspon- 
dent, in his capital description of a military picnic 
observes— "It may interest the British music hall 
patrons to know that a translation of ' The Captain 
with his whiskers ' is one of the chiefest favourites 
with the Prussian officers. They rattle away at its 
In-ely chorus with the greatest deliijht." May I ven- 
ture to say that "The Captain with his whiskers" is 
inerely a vulgarised version of an excellent ditty of tlie 
old trench war, and that the melody is borrow'ed from 
the famous Blucher song, " Was blazeu die Trompeten 
Husaren heraiis.'" This is all very fine, and 'The 
i uhp may have come across from ' Germanie,' but it is 
nevertheless the fact that the tune was first introduced 
to the British public by .James Oswald 130 years ago." 
Alongside of this place another fact. A friend 
who can speak Gei'mau and frequents the com- 
pany of Germans, informed me that he had the 
greatest difficulty in convincing some German 
musical acquaintances that "The last ro,se of 
summer" was not German but Lish. Again I 
was told that some one who had heanl Mo 
Uhadmidh sung at the Mod, pronounced the air 
a Fi'ench one. That man '«; but I stumbled 
across It a few weeks ago in Patrick MacDnnabl's 
collection (17S4), whei'e it is given as a tune 
from the Western Isles, namecj I'vmdh pmlhar 
lavi bhain. John Maclean, the Tiree bard 
wrote u song to this air, called Am Mamiche 



64 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Gleusda. I^t ns turn now to a brother bard 
and contemporary of Duncan H;"in, uauiely, Stnc 
Mhaiyhftir Alaslair (Alexander MacDonaki). We 
find his sonir, Allt an t-siiicair, adapted to "The 
Lass <>' Patie's Mill." This air is said to have 
been first published in Ur/)/ieii.i Ciilnhiiius (1725) 
alongr with words by Allan Ramsay. It is also 
stated that it was known by tlie same name 
before his time. The original "lass o' Patie's 
Mill" is claimed for Keithhall, Abenleensliire, 
and also for Ayrshire. Let it be noted that 
these are places in touch with a Gaelic-sjwaking 
people. Do Highlanders sing Allt nn t-siiicau' 
to the "Lass o' Patie's Mill?" Not exactly. 
Turn to number 36 of T/ie Celtic Li/re and com- 
pare the tune there given with the other. They 
are substantially the same. Which is the 
original ? Perhaps neither. But which is the 
more jtrimitive in style ? Assuredly that in The 
Celtic Lyre. It is on the Irish model referred 
to in my article at p. 9, Vol. II. of this maga- 
zine. For my own part, I do not hesitate to 
say that the " Lass o' Patie's Mill " is an elabora- 
tion of the Gaelic air according to a stylo com- 
mon to tunes published a century and a half ago. 
No one with knowledge would contend that the 
Gaelic air was a development of the other. In 
the light of all this, may it not be that. " Sae 
will we yet" was a Gaelic or Irish air, and that 
Duncan composed his .song to it, the English 
name having been given by the editor of his 
poems, as was the case with AlU an t-siitcair? 
The tune, apart from its being now an Irish 
national one, suggests an Irish f)rigin. Similarly, 
may not "The Flowers of Eilinburgh" be a 
dance -set of some Highland or Irish tune which 
Duncan had in his mind when he composed his 
Cumha. Mr. Henry Whyte kindly supplies the 
following Port dbeitl wliicli Higldanders often 
sing to the mu.sic. (See also Vol. I., p. 159, 
of Celtic Muntlil;/) : — 

Hcicidh mi mo sheaumliair 

Is glieibli mi bcag.an airgid ; 

Keiuiclli mi mo 8liuaiim)iair 
O'li tlia i f;ia st-aii. 

Rciciilli mi mo slicaiimliair 

Is gheibh mi beognn airgid ; 

Hcioidli mi mo sheaumliair 

Is ccaniiaicliidli mi beau, &c. 

It is noteil in " Hardiinan's Irish Minstrelsy" 
that Carolan's " Nancy Cooper" is in the same 
measure a.s the " ^'lowers of Edinburgh ; " and 
that measure agrees with the above lilt and 
Duncan IJim's song. Un the other hiind, the 
song given to the air in Maver's collection, 
p. lltG, namely, "The Banks ol Tarf," differs in 
jKiint of mea-sm-e from the.se. One (|uatrain of it 
c(jvei-s as nnich of the nnisic as two of the Scot- 
tish anil Irish (iaelic versions, and the rhythmic 
movement of the tune is reproduced better on 
thorn than on the Lowland Scotch .song. 



These introductor\' remarks are chieliy sug- 
gestive, and meant to show, among other things, 
that all the sources of enquiry into the origin 
of tunes to Scottish .songs have not been tapjjed. 
Hithertt) research has been made principally by 
persons without a knowledge of Scottish (iaelic, 
not to S|ieak of Irish Gaelic. The time has 
come when the results of that kind of research 
will not be accepted witii the same confidence as 
formerly. It will not do to dogmatise, however ; 
for it is ]ierfecth' evident that tunes travel far 
from their h(jmes and become subject to changes 
to suit the nnisical tnste of the people among 
whom they settle. It is, therefore, with a mind 
open to correction that I jmt forward the follow- 
ing list, whicli contains, among many tunes 
concerning which there can be no doubt, some 
ollieis which afford room for discussion ; and 
there are others besides, which are included here 
because they have (iuelic names, although it is 
questionable, at the same time, whether or not 
they are Gaelic tunes. The list will, if it does 
no other good, serve as a nucleus of information 
for those who maj' wish to make searching 
inquiry into the .subject. That can only be done 
properly by j.)ersous having at their command a 
large number of appropriate books, jilenty of 
leisure, some musical knowledge, an aptitude for 
research, and, above all, a cool jutlgnient. 

Fraser of Kxockie's List. 

L Nighean donn nan gobhar — The maid that 
tends the goats. '■ I'p ainang the cliffy rt)cks " 
is sung- to this air. 

2. Nighean a' ghreusaich — Wilt thou be my 
dearie (Burns)? This tune is called in sume 
books '-The Sutor's Dochter," an exact transla- 
tion of the Gaelic name. "Sutor" is Lowland 
Scotch for shoemaker. The Gaelic name is 
given in " The Scots Repository." 

3. Hanais aig a' mhuillear — Comin' thro' the 
rye. The older name is " Dinna ask me gin I 
lo'e thee." 

i. 0, tha mi tinn — Long, long the night. 

5. Mac Griogair o Ruadhshruth — From the 
chase in the mountain. 

6. Baile na craoibhe — Mv love's in Germaiiic 



('/'. 



■d.) 



UugUHAKT AND GlENMORISTON — OlDEN TlMBS 

IN A HioHLANO Pakish, by William Mackay, 
Sulicitor, Inverness. The work will consist of si.v- 
teen chapters, and many interestin;; ajijiendices, in 
all, i)M jiages. It will also be suitably illustrated. 
Price, £1 Is. ; Quarto copies on antique paper, 
£1 lis. (k1. The work is to be published by the 
Northern Counties Publishing Co., Ltd., Margaret 
Street, Inverness, and we cordially reconunend it 
to our readers. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



65 



MISS A. G. MURRAY MACGREGOR, 
DUNKELD. 

|^^|HE lady whose portrait is given in this 
WI^J/ number — Miss Amelia Georgiana Murray 
^■A^ MacGregor — was horn on the IStli of 
January, 1829, and is the youngest of the family 
of Major-General Sir Evan Murray MacGregor 
of MacGregor, K.C.B., and G.O.H., who died in 
1841, Governor of Barbadoes. He was the only 
son of Sir John MacGregor Murray of Mac- 
Gregor, created 
haronet 1795, 
nephew of Glen- 
carnoch, who 
withhisbrothers 
bore a distin- 
guished part in 
the Jacobite ris- 
ings, and after 
174.1 lost all his 
possessions. Sir 
John, after his 
return home in 
1798, from a 
most honour- 
able career in 
India, was well 
known as a truly 
paternal chief, 
ever active in 
promoting the 
interests of 
young men be- 
longing to his 
clan on their 
first start in life, 
by obtaining ap- 
]iointments for 
them, and after- 
wards corre- 
sponding with 
them. He was 
an excellent 
Gaelic .scholar. 
Sir John mar- 
ried his second 
cousin, Anne 
M'Leod, great- 
granddaughter of Sir Norman M'Leod of Ber- 
nera, son of Sir Roderick M'Leod, XIII. of 
Dunvegan, " Rory Mor,'' * and died in June, 
1822. 

Sir Evan, a highly distinguished officer, was 
very severely wounded at the taking of Fort- 
Talnere, when with the army of the Deccan in 
pursuit of Holkar, 1818. On the occasion of 
King George IV.'s visit to Edinburgh, in 1822, 

* Vide Celtic Montlily Vol. ii., p. 51. 




a body of the Clan Gregor turned out under Sir 
Evan's command, and were appointed as guard 
to the Knight Marischal in charge of the regalia. 
Sir Evan was strongly attached to his name and 
race, and it was at his suggestion that the Clan 
Gregor Society was founded in Deceuiber, 1822. 
He married, in 1808, Lady Elizabeth Murray, 
youngest daughter of John, 4th Duke of Atholl. 
VVich such a thoroughly Highland descent, Miss 
Murray MacGregor naturally inherited a warm 
attachment to her country, its people, and espe- 
cially to her 
clan. Both at 
Edinchip(parish 
of Balquhidder), 
now belonging 
to her grand 
u('))hew. Sir 
.Malcolm Mac- 
Gregor of Mac- 
Gregor, and in 
Atholl, where 
she has lived for 
upwards of forty 
years, constant 
nitercourse with 
Highland peo- 
ple has strength- 
ened her taste 
for traditions, 
old customs, and 
genealogical and 
historical pur- 
suits. Miss 
M a c ( J r e g o r 
joined the Clan 
Gregor Society 
soon after its 
resuscit a tio n 
(which dates 
from May, 1886) 
and was present 
at the memor- 
able expedition 
of the Society to 
Loch Katrine in 
July, 1888. As 
soon as the rule 
admitting ladies 
to be office-bearers was passed she was elected 
one of the directors of the Society, in the pros- 
perity of which she takes a very great interest. 
Miss MacGregor is engaged in the preparation 
of a history of the Clan Gregor, to be eventually 
published under the auspices of the Society. 
The brooch shown in the portrait is of silver, 
with granite curling-stones, and was )iresented 
to Miss Macgregor by the Dunkeld Curling Club, 
the records of which .she has kept for many years. 
13 Giosvenor Cresient, Glasgow. Ale.X. M'GrigOH. 



66 



THE CELTIC MONTHIA'. 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



Bt Charles FRASER-JlACKDiTosn, F.S.A. (Scot). 

Part II. 
^|fr CHARTER by J-lm de Yle, Earl of 
^0M Ross and Lord of the Isles, to his Inother 
J^^ Hugh (son of Ale.xander), of tlie Isles, 
Lord of Slete, and Fynvola nin Ailister vie Iain 
of Ardnamurchan, spouses, of the 30 uierk of 
Skinieheugh, in Uist, in which Donald Ballocli 
is referred to, is not only curious in itself, but 
on account of a singular error in its own date, 
or in the King's confirmation which followed, 
or in the Register of the Great Seal, the date 
given being 28th June, 1409. There was only 
one John who was both Earl of Ross and Lord 
of the Isles, viz., the last, whose father Alexander 
died in 1448, or early in. 1449. The correct 



date of the charter, therefore, in all probability 
is 1449, for not only the parties to it but the 
witnesses' names establish that 1409 must be 
erroneous. It bears to be signed at "our castle 
of Aros," and to be granted "with advice of our 
council." The Earl's kinsmen arc declared to 
be Donald de Insulis, Lord of Dunyvaig and 
the Glens ; Celestine de Insulis of Lochalshe ; 
Lachlan Maclean of Duart, and Alexander Mac 
Iain of Ardnanuirchan. The witnesses, in addi- 
tion to the above four kinsmen, are John 
]\[aclean of Lochbuie, Lachlan Maclean Master 
of Duart, William Macleod of Glenelg, Roderick 
Macleod of Lewis, John Lachian Maclean of 
Coll and Mr. Thomas Monro, secretary to the 
Earl and rector of Kilmonivaig. I find Donald 
Balloch at Inverness in 1466, and despite his 
earlv stormy career he died peacefully in Isla at 
an ad\anced age. His eldest son 

III. John married Sabina O'Neill, and ho 



.^^^ 




nrXAVEBTY, 

is placed as successor, though I think lie died 
before his father. In the year 1461-2, during 
the negotiations of the Earl of Ross with tlje 
English King, Donald Balloch and his son John 
agreed to serve the King, they to receive 
respectively annually £H) and £20 sterling in 
time of war, and half these pensions in time of 
peace. The next chief was 

IV.— John, and grandson of Donald, styled 
" lain Calhanach," a distinguished warrior, 
incid(Mits in whose che(iuered life formed the 
staple of many a story and song. Edward IV. 
sends him an emVja.ssy in 1481, wherein he is 
styled John of Isla, Lord of the Glens and 
l)uTiyvaig. He reci-ived the honour of knight- 
hood from James IV., who granted him charters 
of all his Scottish estates. Tliere was reserved, 
however, to the Crown, and strongly fortified, 
the Castle of Dunaverty, in South Kintyre, 
adjacent to Sir John's possessions. Sir John 
Catliunacli at tin- carlest opportunity attacked, 



KINTVKi:. 

took, and destroyed in very aggravating circum- 
stances the castle, with its garrison, a great 
humiliation to the proud spirited King James, 
unaVde at the time to retaliate.* At whatsoever 
time King or Council wished to attack a Mac- 
donald or a Maclean, they always had an Argyle 
ready to hand. The Argyle open and fair-field 
attacks were few in number, and seldom suc- 
cessful, hence they employed others to do the 
hard and un<lcrluind work. In this ca.se of Sir 
John's, John Macdonald of Ardnamurchan, who 
had a dispute with him regarding Sunart, was 

* The castle wa-s repeatedly taken and destroyed. 
Mrs. Margaict Klcmiiig, .-ifterwards Mackay, mother of 
the talented and energetic editor of the Celtic Monthhj, 
lived for some time iu the neighhonrhciod, and has 
often in her youth picked up Imnes of the slain in the 
adjoining sands. The conligiiration of hirgc holes or 
]iits dug at diirercnt times fur wlmlesale interment was 
ijuite distinct — tliere existing a feeling a^'aiiist the 
surface being broken up or interfered with. The 
ikctcli is by ilisa Maodonell of Keppoch. — C. F.-M, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the instrument employed, a man of great anilii- 
tion, who, as head of the powerful sept styled 
Mac Iain, had a strong following. Sir John 
Oathanach, with two of his sons, in a perfidious 
way, were taken prisoners and executed at 
Edinburgh, their bodies being buried within the 
Chapel of Saint Anthony. John Mac Iain 
received from the King, on 24th November, 
150.5, a ratification, for good services, of all 
charters formerly made in his favour of what- 
soever lands in the islands of Isle and Jura and 
the low land (bcissa terra) of Ardnamurchan and 
Suynart, with the Castle of Mingary, in Ardna- 
murchan, and Donavagan, in Isle, &c. The 
King, at Edinburgh, 19th November, lOdfj, 
confirmed to John Mac Iain, as heir of his 
grandfather, John vie Allister vie Iain, inter 
alia, two merks and 6s. 8d. worth of lands in Jura, 
viz , a large eighth part of Aridscarnulu, and 
eigiith part of Knock-na-seoloman, which held of 
the late Donald de Insulis, Lord of Dunyvaig 
and Clens, but now in the hands of the Crown 
through the forfeiture of the late John de Insulis 
of Dunyvaig, Knight, heir of the said Donald 
de Insulis, on account of Sir John's treason. 

iSir John Cathanach, who married Sheela 
Savage, daughter of the then chieftain of that 
great family, settled at Portaferry, County 
Down, left two surviving sons, Alexander, and 
Angus, predecessor of tiie Macdonalds of Sanda. 
Sir John was succeeded by 

V. — Alexander, who with his brother fled to 
Ireland, pursued by the implacable vengeance of 
the King, who caused pass an order that Alex- 
ander and his descendants be prohibited from 
ever setting foot in Scotland, or owning a foot 
of Scottish soil, and this decree stood in force 
until James IV.'s death at Flodden. Mac Iain 
was also sent to Ireland to capture or slay 
Alexander, bnt failed, after long search, as he 
reported to the King. In reality, Mac Iain 
seems to have relented, became reconciled to 
Alexander, and gave him his daughter Catherine 
in marriage, all unknown to the King. Alex- 
ander, after the accession of James V. of Scot- 
land, was received by him into favour, and 
settled peacefully in Scotland. James V. 
entirely altered the course pursued by his injnie- 
diate predecessors towards the Highland nnd 
Island chiefs, by giving them justice when in 
the right. 

I have called the Isla family Macdonalds 
rather than Macdonells, although the Irish 
family of Antrim so called themselves at an 
early period. In reality the latter Islas sign 
"Konnel" (■' M'Conil ") and "M'Connal/' 
This Alexander, the last head of the family, 
who could not write, signs thus, "Alexander 
Konnel de Dunoweg, with my hand on the pen," 
entered into a bond of gossipry with Sir John 
Campbell, first of the house of Calder named 



Gimpbell, wlierein he is styled " .Vlex. the Illis, 
son of John Cathanach." The bond is dated at 
Glennay, in the Taraf, 7th iMay, 1522, and to 
endure for five years. Alexander is to serve 
Sir John by himself and all the branch of the 
Clan Donald that he is descenderl from, and he 
is bound not to harm such of the Mac iains as 
hold of Sir John. On the other hand. Sir John 
gives Alexander -1:5 merks land in Isla, and the 
lands of Colonsay, free of mail, as also Jura, 
under certain conditions, during the foresaid 
space of five yeais. The reference to gossipry 
is curious : " Also for the final concord lietwixt 
the said Sir John and the said Alexander, either 
of other, faithfully promise that what time or 
hour God sends them any bairns, that they 
shall baptize the bairn and be gossips, and aye 
until the said gossipry be completed, the said 
Sir John and Alexander shall keep leal, true, 
and a full part to other, as if it were completed." 

Prior to his settling in Scotland, Alexander 
had made a great figure in Ireland, many of the 
flowerof the Macdonalds resorting to his standard 
after the final forfeiture of John, Earl of Ross 
and Lord of the Isles. He thus not only main- 
tained himself in his hereditary estate, but 
powerfully aided his native Irish allies against 
English oppression in Ulster. Alexander had 
by his wife six sons — James, Angus, Coll, 
Alexander, Donald Gorm, and Sorley — and 
three daughters, who all married well. Angus, 
Alexander, and Donald Gorm fell in battle 
in Ireland. James, the eldest son, succeeded; 
Coll, known as " Coll nag-Capul," will be after- 
wards referred to ; and Sorley, styled Sorley 
Buie, or " Somerled," otherwise "Samuel the 
Golden-haired," settled in Ireland, and was the 
first of the Great Irish house of the Mac- 
donells of Antrim. Upon the death of Alex- 
ander, who had succe.ssfully upheld the for- 
tunes of the family, he was succeeded by his 
elde-st son, 

VI. — James Macdonald, who married Lady 
Agnes Campbell, daughter of Colin, third Earl 
of Argyle, and some say had the honour of 
knighthood conferred upon him. The papers in 
my po.ssession do not bear out this view. As 
regards his interests in Scotland, James Mac- 
donald not only maintained, but increased his 
influence. In 1545 he received grants of lands 
from Queen Mary, which were renewed in 1558. 
In the insurrections of the Islanders under 
Donald Dubh, James was the only island chief 
who opposed. Yet having on Donald's death 
been elected Lord of the Isles, James accepted 
the position, and addressed a letter, dated Ard- 
namurchan, 24th January, 1546, to the Irish 
Privy Council, designing himself " James 
M'Conaill of Dunnewack and ye Glennis, and 
apparent aeyr of ye Illis." It has been well 
said by an Irish historian that James "must 



68 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



have been very popular with both the eontend- 
ing ))arties in Scotland having been Krst elected 
Lord of the Isles by the persons whom he had 
])reviously opposed, and afterwards welcomed 
again by the Regent, even tliough lie had 
assumed the obnoxious and then treasonable 
title of Lord of the Isles." Through the Argyle 
connection James received from liis l)rother-in- 
law, Archibald, 4tli Earl of Argyle, the SO merks 
land of old extent of Ardnamnichan, -vvhich 
had come to the Earl through the resignation*! 
of Mariot Mac Iain. Notwithstanding the 
recent family connection, the acquisition of 



these lands must have been very welcome to 
Isla, but, whether well-iiiteulioned or ill-inten- 
tioned, the grunt ultimately helped the downfall 
of the JIacdonalds, proving as fatal to Isia as 
the lands given for Sir John Cathanach's be- 
trayal proved to the Mac lains. We now 
arrive at the date — 12th October, 1.550 — of the 
oldest documents in my possession, viz : — 
Charter of Alienation, endorsed in an old 
hand "Letter of Warrandice;" Precept of 
Sasine; and Charter, all granted by Archibald, 
4th Earl of Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lome, 
in favour of James Maconell of IHuivvanrdit. 




A Jhc-simik of the first-named charter, with the 
signature, " A Kile of Argyle," having greater 
part of the seal entire, is here given, having 
been done to my entire satisfaction expressly 
for these j)aper8. 

The three documents are of the same tenour, 
being charter and relative writs Viy the Earl of 
Argyle to James Macdouald of the 80 merks 
land of the old extent of Atdnamurchan, with 
the castle and fortalice of Mingary, tenants, 
tenantries, and service of free tenants, fee, itc, 
lying within the Sherifl'doiii of Inverness. The 
consideration is for good and thaidvful service 
done by James in time )iast, and to be done in 



time coming, and also for certain sums of money 
paid, the destination being to James and the 
heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, whom 
failing, to revert to the Earl ; and the holdino, 
ward and relief; signed at Edinburgh, the ll'th 
dny of October, Ifi.'jO, in presence of Archibald, 
Master of Argyle; Sir John Lament of Inveryne ; 
Mr. Neil Campbell, rector of Kilmartin ; Archi- 
bald Stewart, John Groinag M;ickay, and Mr. 
Cornelius Omeyght, the rector of Kiiljerhie. 

* We Imve to express our inrlebteibiiss to Mr. Angus 
Mackay, Mount Plcajaut, Cainlmslang, for his kuid- 
ncss in photogrnphhig the charter, of which the above 
18 a fac-aimile, — Ed. 



THE CELTIC! MONTHLY. 



69 



DR. R. C. MACDIARMID, GLASGOW. 



^?l(=vR. MACDIARMID'S share in the move- 
vJK'vJ) merit for the intellectual and educational 
'Aj© development of the Highlands has l>eeu 
a notable one, and the eve of his departure for 
a foreign sphere of labour is a fitting occasion 
for a brief record of his active and successful 
career. Dr. MacDiarmid was born at Dunvegan, 
Skye, in 185-1:. Having received a sound education 
he entered the .' < 
Free Church 
Training Col- 
lege, Glasgow, 
whei-e he quali- 
fied as a public 
school teacher. 
Successively 
Mr. MacDiar- 
mid held charge 
of schools in 
Orkney and 
Islay, and the 
reports of Her 
jNLijesty's In- 
spectors testify 
to his assidu- 
ous devotion to 
duty, and the 
attainment of 
a high standard 
of educational 
work ; but lie 
early had 
aspir at ions 
towards the 
profession of 
medicine. Ac- 
cordingly, he 
took the re- 
quisite curri- 
culum in Glas- 
gow Univer- 
sity, and gradu- 
ated in 18S7 
as M.B., CM. 
For a few 
years he jirac- 
tised success- 
fully at Whiteinch, and, taking a warm 
interest in the pulilic affairs of the district, 
was for three years president of the White- 
inch Literary Association. About a year 
ago, ambitious of a wider field, he removed 
to the Anderston division of Glasgow, where 
he has already established a substantial prac- 
tice. Recently Dr. MacDiarmid was offered, 
and he has accepted, a lucrative appoint- 
ment as medical officer to the mining com- 
pany of Messrs. Sopwith <k Company, Limited, 




Linares and ho proceeds to Spain early this 
month. 

Dr. MacDiarmid, with Mr. Archibald M'Lean, 
Tiree, and the writer, originated the Gaelic 
Society of Glasgow, and has continuously 
assisted its progress to the position it now holds 
as one of the leading centres of Gaelic culture. 
An admirable paper on Donald MacLeod, the 
Skye bard, was read by him during the first 
session of the society, and deservedly occupies 
a place in the 
Society's trans- 
actions. At 
the present 
time the Doctor 
is one of the 
vice-presidents 
of the Gaelic 
Society. He is 
a zealous mem- 
ber of the Glas- 
gow Skye As- 
sociation, and 
he is also a 
member of the 
Executive 
Coiinoil of An 
Comimn Gaidh- 
ealach, the 
youngest, and, 
perhaps, the 
most energetic 
of our High- 
land societies. 
He has secured 
several lucra- 
tive appoint- 
ments, conspic- 
uous among 
which is that 
of Physician 
and Surgeon 
to the High- 
land Medical 
Aid Society of 
Glasgow. It 
may be said 
that Dr. Mac- 
Diarmid's in- 
fluence has been exerted in every department of 
Celtic enterprise, and his removal to Spain will 
deprive his associates in the Celtic field of an 
earnest coadjutor. He will be accompanied to 
the sunny South by the good wishes (jf many 
friends, who bid liis worthy lady, his family, 
and himself a prosperous sojourn in Spain, and, 
let us hope, a pleasant return, some day, to the 
rougher mountain land, which the Doctor loves 
so well. 

,,..,„ J. ^Iacmastek Campbell. 



70 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



^JMHE following song first appeared in the 
(^p Celtic Garland. The words and melody 
"^ were taken down from the singing of a 
popular Gaelic vocalist. It is evidently the 
composition of some jilted lover who lias |)laced 
his thouglits if not his name on record. Tn the 



last ver.se he accepts the situation with philoso- 
])hic coolness — rendered literally it runs, '• Why 
should I be now dejected, with my nets upon 
the shore, while there's as good tish beneath the 
sea as ever came above." 

FlON'N. 



'S FHEUDAR DHOMH 'BHI TOGAIL ORM— I MAUN RISE AND GANG 

Translation hij Malcolm MaoFarlank. 





Key a. Modemto. 










Seisd : — 

CHORrS: — 


r ., d : li . d 1, ., f, 

'.S f heuadar dliomh 'blii togail 
I maun rise and gang 


: s, |1, . d 

orm 1 Fuireaeliil 
awa, Owre the 


: r . n 

cha dean 
hills and 


S .,f 
fenin arh 
far a- 


: n 

fallih, 
wa, 




r .,d 

'S fheudar 
I maun 


: li . d 1, ., f, 

dhomh 'bhi togail 
rise and gang 


: s, .,l,|d 

orm A 1 dhir 
awa. Since gane 


s ., n 
eadh nam 
is my 


|n_jr .— 
1 fuar 
Ma - 


: d 

bheann. 
■■.V- 


Rann : — 

Verse :— 


Is .,S 
I'Righ 
On the 


: d ., d m ., f 

gur mise 'tlia to 
knowe a- lane 1 


: s ., f In . n 

bhi-.'.n dheth 1 Air an 
HI lyin'. Wistfully 


r . r 

tulaich 
the 


n . s 

SI) 'n am 
ocean 


: 1 ., s 

eyein' ; 




S ., f 
Filth nio 
Sick and 


: n . n r ., r 

mhulaid thu 'bin 
sad at heart I'm 


: d ., dr.r 
poisde Og-bhean 
sigliin' For my 


: n . s 

a' chuil 
faithless 


f,n .- 

dual 

Ma 


: r 

aieh. 



Do na h-Innsean 's trie a shcvM mi, 
'S anns gach caladh tlia mi e61ach 
T6 ni coimeas riut am boidhchead, 
Gus a so cha d' fliuair mi. 

Ach cha mhaiso 'riiin 's cha Idioidhcliead 
A chuir mi cho mor an t6ir ort, 
'S e mi bhi riut trie a' coudiradh, 
'Us eolach air do ghluasad. 

'N uair chi mi 'n gleann 'sail robli sinii comhia 
'Buain nan sobhraichean 'snan neftinean 
'S sinn le uhd'ile aotrom g&rach, — 

liuithidh de6ir ri ni' ghruaidliean. 

Dh'fhag thu mise so gu bronach, 
H-uile latha o'n a sheol thu, 
'S ged a theid mi 'measg nan highean 
Bith'dii mo chomhradli fuar leo. 

Ach c'uinK' 'm bilhinn.sc fo smalan 
'Us mo liontan air a' chladacli, 
'S iasg cho math an grunnd na mara 
'S a tliainig riandi an mxchdar. 



I ha'e been tae mony places, 
1 ha'e seen fu' mony faces ; 
Never sic a wealth o' graces 
As belang'd tae Mary. 

'Twasna beauty a'thegither 
Made me prize her 'bune a' ither ; 
But sae aft's 1 did forgather 
Wi' my lang-lo'ed Mary. 

'Neath my view the glen reposes, 
Whaur I've aften fashioned posies, 
O' its daisies and primroses 
For my charmin' JIary. 

But lier leavin's left me tearfu', 
O' tiie future doubtfu', fearfu' ; 
Mang the lassos nae mair cheerfu' 
As I was wi' Mary. 

But wh)- should T be noo despairin' 
And my sorrows thus be airin', 
When there's tae be had for spiorin' 
t^uite as guid as Mary 1 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



71 



DR. W. MURRAY MACKAY, 
NORTH SHIELDS. 

V'iCE-l'KKSIDENT, ClAN jMacKAV t^OCIETY, 



igI?oT may seem strange to many that so large 
^^|L' a proportion of the most enthusiastic meni- 
=i bers of the Clan Mackay Society are natives 

of Caithness. Altiioiigh horn in a county whose 

inhabitants in 

past times had 

no love for the 

Gaelic race, yet 

these Caith- 
ness INLickays 

aie as proud of 

their name, 

their^clan, and 

the beautiful 
land of their 
foref a ther s, 
Dutliaich Mliic 
Aoid/i, as any 
cliinsman born 
beneath the 
shadow of Ben 
Loyal, or by 
the side of the 
clear waters of 
the N a V e r. 
Many of them 
have risen to 
high and hon- 
ourable jjosi- 
tions in every 
part of the 
world, and in 
the county It- 
self at the 
present time 
clansmen occu- 
py many of the 
most responsi- 
ble otiicial posi- 
tions. 

It is, there- 
fore, not to be 
wondered at 

that at last Annual Business Meeting of the 
Clan i\Lickay Society the members elected to 
the presidential chair Mr. Ale.^. Mackay, J. P., 
Wilts, a gentleman who has done credit to his 
native county ; and as vice-presidents, other two 
Caithnessians — Dr. W. Murray Mackay, North 
Shields, and Lieut. William Mackay, Glasgow. 

Dr. W. Murray Mackay, whose portrait we 
give herewith, is a clansman who, from its in- 
ception, has taken a deep interest in the work of 
the society, and has assisted it liberally in all 



its undertakings. A few particulars regarding 
the career of this distinguished member of the 
clan may prove interesting to many of our 
readers. 

William Murray Mackay, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S., 
and L.M. (Edin.), L.F.P.S. and L.M. (Glasgow), 
second son of Mr. .James Mackay, farmer. Gees- 
little House, Thurso, was born in 18.59, and was 
educated at the Pulteneytown Academy, Wick, 
under Mr. Dick, who is still rector. He began 
the study of 
medicine in 
Glasgow Uni- 
versity, was 
afterwards at 
Durham Uni- 
versity, and the 
Surgeons' Hall, 
Edin b urgh, 
where he be- 
came the most 
distinguished 
student of his 
year, having 
carried away 
nearly all the 
medals and 
first prizes, 
and in other 
ways so dis- 
tinguished 
himself that he 
became the 
Ijersonal friend 
of many of his 
teachers. After 
qualifying, he 
for a short time 
acted as assists 
ant to his 
brother. Dr. A. 
Davidson Mac- 
kay, of Eshe 
Hall, Durham, 
but soon after- 
wards began 
practice in 
North Shields 
on his own ac- 
count, where in a very short time he established 
a large practice. Dr. ALickay took an active 
part in starting the Caledonian Association of 
North Shields, and is now vice-))resident. He 
has been twice elected a Guardian for the Tyne- 
mouth Union, and is a member of the British 
Medical Association. Dr. Mackay was present 
at the grand clan banquet which was given Lord 
Reay on his return from Intlia. He is very 
proud of his name, and we trust he may be long 
spared to do credit to it. Editor. 




70 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. Ferchar, and tlio seal of Alexander, Earl of 

All Comm„,iicntion.s, on lii.rnr.j «»</ business Hqss. Mr. Henry Wliyte (Fiuiiii) will con- 

n,ntt,rs. si.nuiri !„■ a.hircssci t„ the E.iiio,; Mr. jous tribute a bioi'raphical sketch of the late Lachlan 

MACKAY, 17 liundas street. Kingston, (llasgoii: ,, r rfii ii r .< » j j t-' ii 

MacLean, Coll, author ot " Adam and r,ve, 

r^/f^fS OP SUBSCRIPTION.- The CELTIC '»"' other curious (laelic works which will be 

MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the Accompanied with a picture of his birth-place, 

United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all <fec. "We also intend gi\ing a facsimile repro- 

countries in the Postal Union— for one year, jfs. duction of the famous Gaelic charter of 1408, 

— - — ^— — - ' in which the Lord of the Isles granted to 

The Celtic Monthly Mackay the Rhinus of Islay for services ren- 

JAXUAlty, 1894. dered. This is a most interesting document, 

- ^^'^^^■"-^'-'^ ,^-=.-, ^^^:^a.^-^ being the only Gaelic charter in existence. In 

fj o x^ "r XI TS T s. addition to the above, there will be other fine 

illustrations, and several articles, poems, ifcc. 

Sm James COLQunofs, Bart, (with pKte),- ... 61 Or INTEREST TO CLANSMEN. — It may interest 

siiom- DooLT's CouRTsiiir, «2 o,„. readers to learn that we intend giving in 

Gaklic Aims TO Lowland Songs, 03 , ■ i-i; i-i i ^ ._ -i. c -i j 

,,.„,, ,, „ ,.»,.. ..» ,.,. early issues lite-like plate portraits ot Lord 

.Miss A. G. MiRiiAY Macorkook, DisKELD (With portrait) - (Ki •' , . . j. , r<i ht i c ■ T>r i i 

The Last Macdo.nalos Of isLA, Part 2 (illustrated), • ■ M Reay, chiel ot the Clan Mackav ; bir Malcolm 

Dr. K. C. macdiarmid, GLA800W (with portrait), - - - (>9 JlacGregor, Bart., chief of the Clan MacGregor ; 

OiR MisicAi. paoe-'S FiiEiDAR DiioMii 'Bui TooAiL orm, ■ 70 Mr. D. Rcid Crovv, hoii. president, London 

Dr. W. MiRRAV JiACKAV, NoRTii SHIELDS (with portrait), - 71 . hi- * ... /^ . ■ t at , 

To OUR Readers ■ - - 72 Argyllshire Association; Captain James Mackay, 

Tlil'p.'=^„nll"L''/°T,r'',TH\^"''''''"'''''^"'"'''™'"''' -r TrowbridgG, and other distinguished High- 

The £iARLDO.M OF Uo.ss (illiistratcn), to nV • • • (? 

UR1180 ciioiRE.xAx-MALLAS (first piizc Sgeuiachd at Oban landers. We are arranging to give a series of 

Tiik*Rai'd or lx)cii cIrron (a poem) (iilustra'ted),' '- '■ 7ii ^"ely engraved portraits of the chiefs of the 
News of the Month, .so Highland clans. 

STKKSOTIl OF THE ClANS IX THE ISLAND OK LEWIS IN 1801, - 81 ° 

Kf.views, SI 

ill's™ Ro'^ro'r^iE&Ti.voiELEs, 1795. • i i ! 82 ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

= John Livingstone, St. Boswells. — We will do our 

best to meet your wishes in regard to the Mackenzies 
and the Seaforth Highlanders. Our desire is to give 
as great a variety of contributions in each number iis 
possible. We reciprocate your kind wishes. 

" Ornum," Manchester. — Mr. Arch. Sinclair, 10 
Bothwell Street, Glasgow, keeps in stock a large 
variety of Gaelic song books and other Gaelic publi- 
cations. Send for his price-list. Mr. Norman Mac 
luod, The Mound, Edinburgh, has also a good selec- 
tion of Gaelic books. We are glad to learn that the 
bound copy of Vol. I. gave you so much pleasure. 

Dr. -I. C. MacA., Columbus, 0., U.S.A.— We have 
sent copy of December issue, and hope you will be- 
come a subscriber. The following elementary works 
should suit your purpose : — " Gaelic as a Specific 
Subject," by the Highland Association ; " Elementary 
Gaelic Grammar,'' by L. Macl$ean ; " Practical Les 
sons in Gaelic for English-speaking Students," by D. 
0. Macpherson ; " Gaelic and English Conversations," 
by Rev. D. APInnes. A more advanced work is 
Stewart's " Gaelic (irammar." All the above works 
can be had from Mr. Archibald Sinclair, publisher, 
Glasirow. 



We wish our many I'eaders at home and 
abroad 

A ISIeRRV ClJJlISTMAS AND A HaPPV 

New Year. 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



In our next issue we will present our readers 
with a life-like plate portrait of Surgeon-Major 
J. MacGregor, M.D., India, a distinguished 
native of Lewis, and a Gaelic poet of consider- 
able repute. Also portraits of Messrs. Alex. 
M'Grigor, Glasgow, lion, secretary, Clan Gregor 
Society ; John Mackenzie, secretary, London 
N.C. Cainanachd Club; and Hugh MacCorquo- 
dale, secretary, Gla.sgow Cowal Shinty Club. In 
addition to these, the third part of " The Last 
Macdonalds of Isla " will ht- illustrated with a 
facsimile of a charter, dated l.")(5'J, granted by 
Archibald, .'ith Earl of Argyll, and also a full- 
size reproduction of the seal. A picture of 
Mingarry Castle, as it appeared about the 
middle of last century, will also be given. Mr. 
Jolm Mackay, Hereford, will contribute another 
interesting paper on the Mackay country, entitled 
" Tongue ; its History and Traditions," which 
will be illustrated by views of Ben Loyal, Kyle 
of Tongue, the Seat of the Lords of Ilea}', and 
other places of interest. The concluding part 
of the "Earldom of Ross" will have a picture 
of the Abbey of Fearn, witli elligy of Earl 



Bound Copies of Volume I. 

This handsome volume, consisting of 192 pages, 
and containing some lifty lifelike portraits of well- 
known lliglilanders, and oLlicr illustrations, can now 
be had bound in cloth, with gill lettering, at 4s. post 
free, or in line, strong leather. 5s. 6cl. pa^t free. 

This valuable volume is specially suitiiblo to send 
as a present to a llighlaad friend, or as a prize in 
schools in the Highlands. 

As only a low copies can be had, those who wish 
the volume should apply at once to the Kurroii, Celtic 
Monthly, 17 Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgow. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



73 



EXPULSION OF THE NORSEMEN FROM 
SUTHERLAND-STRATHNAVER THE 
SCENE. 



By Joun Mackav, C.E., J. P., Ilciefoid. 



PJP||HE clash of sword u[)ou sword and targe, 
W^ the heavy thuds of the great battle-axe, 
'-'^^ the crashing of spears, were soon heard 
over the tield of tight, mingled with the hoarse 
voices of commanders encouraging their men to 
redouble their efforts for victory, and the cries 
of the wounded who were falling in tlie terrible 
fray, resoundedkill over the field. The fight con- 
tinued, and it would seem that Reginald, proba- 
bly by superiority in numbers, out-generalled 
Harold, and eventually drove him across the 



river. Harold and his brave Norwegians re- 
treated in good order down the west side of the 
Strath, pursued by Reginald, till " Achcill-na- 
borgie " was reached, where, to cover their re- 
crossing the Naver to the east side, their rear- 
guard made a stand, and another conflict took 
place with Reginald's pursuing van. Again the 
Norsemen were defeated, losing many men and 
their commander, the gallant Bjorn, who was 
interred on the green knoll where he fell. A 
stone was placed over his grave, and from that 
day to this the spot is called " Lech-buirn," or 
" Leck-bjorn " — the flat stone of Bjorn. The 
others slain in the conflict were buried round 
the knoll. Some few yeai-s ago, one of the 
inhabitants thought of building a house upon 
this green knoll, a very nice site. He collected 




BORVE CASTLE, FARR, SUTHERLAND. 



stonesjfor the purpose, when an ancient sage of 
the vicinity passing the way inquired what were 
the stones collected for. On being informed, he 
said, '' Oh, man ! do not build thy house 
over the graves of the slain, for if thou dost 
their ghosts will haunt it." The house was not 
built, thougli the collected stones are there still. 
The battlefield of Dal-harold, where the 
Norsemen sustained so severe a defeat, is very 
interesting to the antiquary. Fought in 1196, 
it forms an epoch in Scottish history, as the 
commencement of the expulsion and wane of 
Norse rule in the North. It is singular that 
the chroniclers of the time make no mention of 
it. It is TorfJieus who relates it, and from him 
the history of this eventful epoch is taken. 
The battlefield itself, with its erect stones mark- 



ing the graves of commanders of distinction, and 
the numerous cairns along the whole line of 
battle mark the places where Norse and Scot 
were interred, and the memorial cairn raised 
over them. 

As previously described, this battle was fought 
on the east bank of the Naver, and extended 
from 1500 to IGOO yards from the river, which 
gently flows by it. Along the river bank is 
meadow land, upon which Harold's right wing 
was posted. The meadow is flat for about 150 
yards inland, till it ends at the foot of a ter- 
race. On the edge of this terrace are the re- 
mains of an ancient fort, or Pictish tower, sixty 
yards in circumference, with an opening to the 
south, and fifteen yards inside diameter. The 
walls were apparently live to six feet thick. 



r4 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



From this fort, at a distance of sixty yards, and 
a little to its rear, are the standing stones mark- 
ing where tlie heroic commanders fell, all in a 
circle, the liighest in front being nine feet above 
ground and three feet in width ; another to its 
right is of equal size, while the others diminish 
from eight to three feet in height. There are 
tiiirteen in all. Tn front of the stones are two 
large oval mounds, eight yards long by four 
yards wide, and in their i-ear are five cairns. 
Farther on in the line of battle are fourteen 
cairns, and on the 
extreme left, u|) to 
the "bloody knoll." 
are no less than 
forty-two cairns, 
marking where the 
slaughter was the 
greatest. 

Harold, as pre- 
viously mentioned, 
having recrossed 
the river during 
I h(! conflict at 
l< e c h - b j o r n, 
111 arched away 
iilioiit two miles 
towards Caithness, 
past the clachan of 
Farr, and with his 
defeated forces 
took post on the 
face and summit 
• ■f Fiscary Hill, 
having probably 
received in the 
meantime rein- 
forcements from 
Caithness, and 
there waited to 
stop Reginald's 
iiiarcli farther east, 
lie had not long 
to wait Reginald 
followed, and came 
Mjion the formiil- 
:ible position taken 
up by Harold. 
U ndeterred by the 

dilhculties of its approach, and confiding in tin; 
bravery of his men, (lushed, no doulit, with 
their previous victoricNS, the assault was made in 
front and (lank. Gradually the .Scots pushed ui) 
the hillsides, each foot being desperately con- 
tested, till at last the hill-top was reached, 
where the fighting became still more fast ancl 
furious. The Norsemen were getting the worst 
of it, and, gradually yielding, they fled into 
Caithness, and Harold into the Orkneys, leaving 
the country at the mercy of his relentless 



.A.NCIKNT SToNi: IN I'AUI; ( llfKCIl VAUI). 



opponents. Numberless cairns stud the top and 
slopes of Fiscary Hill, indicating the severity of 
the conflict, which for a time overthrew Norse 
influence in Sutherland and Caithness, though 
their rule was revived, as we shall see. Various 
articles of silver and gold were found on this 
battlefield, amongst them a sjilendid gold brooch. 
Tn the Churchyard of Farr, which is situated 
near the foot of 'Fiscary Hill, the scene of the 
battle, is a remarkable monumental stone, carved 
with various devices, and of a kind of greenish 
granite, unknown 
in the North. It 
is supposed toliave 
been reared in 
memory of a com- 
mander of great 
distinct ion who fell 
in the battle. A 
cross niay__still be 
distinctly traced 
on this stone. 

The battle of 
Fiscary Hill 
gained, Reginald 
pursued his vic- 
torious career into 
Caithness, right 
away to Thurso, 
then the most im- 
portant place in 
the district, and 
theseatof abishop. 
Allopposition hav- 
ing ceased with 
Harold's ilight 
into the Orkneys, 
Reginald set him- 
self to work ill re- 
stoi-ing order and 
bringing the coun- 
try under the rule 
of the King of 
Scots. To pre- 
serve peace and 
order, he appointed 
three governors — 
one in Thurso, one 
in Tongue, ami 
another in the southern part of Sutherland, 
whose abode was a fortalice, standing, it is saiii. 
where Dunrobin Castle is now situated, lie 
was a Nor.so magnate named Rafn. He proved 
loyal to his trust, and was held in high esteem 
by William the Lion The modest abode of 
this nobleman was named by the natives Diin- 
rafn, gra.lually mutated to Dun-rabyn and Dun- 
robin. Reginald remained in the country for 
several months, receiving the submi.ssion of the 
people, and seeing all peaceful ar.d composed, 




THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



75 



went away southward to report his cletds to the 
King of Scots andreceive his reward. 

Harold having heard of his departure, and 
thinking the coast clear, sent spies over to see 
how the governors were attected towards him, 
and endeavour to assassinate them if they were 
found inimical. These spies came first to Rafn, 
who was found to be incorrigilile, and at the 
same time well guarded. The Thurso Governor 
was next tried. He, too, would not side with 
Harold, was assassinated, and, for fear of being 
themselves slain, the spies immediately sailed 
away to report to Harold, who in a few months 
collected an army in the Orkney.s, landed at 
Thurso, mutilated the bishop, who had been 
very friendly to Reginald, and took reposses- 
sion of Caithness. The governors left by 
Eeginald went off to repoi't to William the Lion 
what happened, who in 1198 personally led an 
army into Caithness and finally disposed of 
Harold's pretensions, fined him for slaying the 
bishop, and allowed him to rule over Caithness 
only, paying tribute and giving William his 
eldest son as a hostage for his good behaviour in 
the future. W^ith Harold the power and influ- 
ence of the Norwegians passed away, although 
his two sons, David and John, succeeded him. 
The latter was the last of the race, and he, like 
many of his ancestors, met with a violent death, 
which finally ended the line of Norwegian Earls 
of Caithness. 

(Concluded). 

[We have to express our thanks to Mr. W. fiordou 
Campbell, solicitor, Edinburgh, for the use of the nega- 
tives from which the preceding illustrations were en- 
graved, and to Mr. Angus Mackay, Cambuslang. for 
kindly supplying us with jirints of the same. — Kd.] 



THE EARLDOM OF ROSS. 



By D. Murray Eose. 



\:jNE of the most historic of the old Scot- 
tish Earldoms is that of Eoss. which was 

Cj forfeited in 1476. The Earls of Eoss 
attained an almost regal position in the north. 
For several centuries they took a prominent 
part in national affairs ; consequently a brief 
account of these potent nobles, who, upon more 
than one occasion, made the kings of Scotland 
tremble upon their throne, may be of some 
interest. Unfortunately, no historian has yet 
undertaken to deal with the most interest- 
ing district in the north ; and while Caithness, 
Sutherland, and Nairn have had their histories 
written up, Ross has scarcely been touched upon. 
Nowhere else, if we omit Sutherlandshire, has 
there been such a total extinction of the ohl 
aristocracy as in the Earldoni of Eoss, 



The names of many of the great vassals 
who followed the banner of the Earls are still 
preserved, but only in connection with the 
lands of which they were once lords. Well 
may one ask where are the Tarrels of Tarrel, 
who possessed estates in Ross and Suther- 
land ; the TuUochs of that ilk ; the Baynes 
of Tulloch ; the Dingwalls of that ilk and of 
Kildun ; the Denoons of Cadl)oll ; the Ferns 
of that ilk afterwards of Tarlogie ; the MacCul- 
lochs of Tarrel, Plaids, Kindeace, and Glastul- 
lich \ Where are the representatives of the fifty 
flouri.shing cadets of the house of Balnagown 1 
Balnagown itself has long since passed into a 
family alien in name and blood. The Munroes 
still retain the old acres of their race, but the 
cadets of this ancient hou.se have, like the others, 
all waned. Yet although these gentle families 
have disappeared they have left their names 
and their doings written largely in the records 
of the past. 

No evidence has yet been forthcoming as to 
the actual date of the creation of the Earldom 
of Ross, and, as usual, the origin of the family 
ennobled under this title, has been the subject 
of much discussion. The first Earl of whom 
there is any mention is Malcolm, who (accord- 
ing to the register of Dunfermline) had a man- 
date from the King of Scots to protect the 
monks of Dunfermline between 11. 'iS and llG-'i. 
Soon after the accession of Alexander II., 
Ferchar, Earl of Ross, comes upon the scene. 
He did some service in suppressing the reliellion 
which broke out in Ro.ss and Moray, but there 
is no reason to believe in the origin assigned to 
him by Sir Robert Gordon and Skene. These 
writers are only held as authorities by those 
who never trouble to ci'itically examine their 
statements, and who are possessed of a pious 
belief that they could not ei-r. Into the ques- 
tion of origin we will not at this time enter ; 
and only remark that Earl Ferchar was not 
paternally of Celtic descent, nor was he of " un- 
cultured and savage disposition," as represented 
by some. He regularly attended the Court of 
Alexander II., and rendered valuable assistance 
in negotiations with England. It is unich to 
his credit that he tried to forward Christianity 
and civilisation among the rude tribes of his 
Earldom. He founded the Abbey of Fearn, in 
the parish of Edderton, but owing to the savage 
disjiosition of the natives it had to be removed 
to another site. A stone etfigy of the Earl still 
exists. 

William, the next Earl, at the request of 
King Alexander, raised his vassals and led them 
against the men of Skye and Lewis, which 
Islands he brought into subjection, and received 
them as a reward from his sovereign. Dying in 
1274, he was .succeeded by his son, also William, 



7G 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



who lived in stirring times. The death of the 
Miiid of Norway plunged Scotland into the 
horrors of a disputed .succession, and it is note- 
worthy that Brus, who afterwards was to 
prove tlie deliverer of his country, was the first 
to precipitate civil war. In the events which 
preceded the election of John Balicil to the 
kingly functions the Earl of Ross did not act a 
patriotic part : nor, indeed, did any of the Scots 
nol)les. They preferred to sacrifice their country 
to their personal resentments. The Earl of 
Ross was counnaiided \>v Baliol to make war 




Seal of WilliBin, Fourtli Eurl ot Uoss, attached to Deed of 
Homnge by lialiol to Edward I. of England. 

upon the " foreign isles of Scotland and their 
chieftains," because tiiey were quite opposed to 



the king. At the head of a large body of his 
va.ssals Ross invaded the Isles, and in this ex- 
pedition, which was crowned with success, he 
spent over f 1000 ; and having brought Lachlan 
and Roderic of the Isles prisoners to the king, 
the latter granted to him the lands of Dingwall 
and Ferrintosh. 

In the troublous times which followed the 
deposition of Baliol, the Earl of Ross is found 
acting the part of a patriot. In 129G he broke 
off with Edward of England, and led an army 
across the boiders, devastating the country. This 
expedition terminated in disaster, for, the Scots 
meeting with an overwhelming defeat at Dunbar, 
the Earl of Ross was taken pri-soner and con- 
fined in the Tower of London ; being allowed 
sixpence per day for his maintenance. He was 
set free three years later, and ajjpointed warden 
lieyond Spey by the English King, over whoso 
interests he watched with vigilance. In 1304 
he informed Edward that the Islesmen meant 
mischief. His old antagonist, Lachlan, had 
issued orders to his vassals that " each davoch 
of land should furnish a galley of twenty oars." 

Robert the Brus was at this time actively 
engaged, in the English interest, in putting 




down rebellion in Scotland. In the following 
February Brus met Sir John Comyn at Duni- 
frie.s, and, piahaps, recollecting the scene and 
insult in Ettrick Forest in 1299 — when Sir John 
seized him by the throat, the (piarrel was re- 
newed, with the result that flu; Comyn was 
stabbed, and Brus perforce had to raise the 
standard of revolt. 

The Earl of Ross and " the men beyond the 
mountains" were bitterly o]>j)OS((l to Brus, and 
■when the latter'scpieen and daughter sou "lit refuge 
in the sanctuary of St. Duthac, at Tuin, they were 
seized by the Earl and delivered prisoners to the 



DLTHAC, TAIN, ROSS-SHIRE. 



English King. After a time fortune smiled upon 
the Brus He did not forget nor forgive the 
Earl's conduct, and in 1307 he invaded Ross and 
Sutherland — an exjiedition to which none of 
our historians make any reference. The whole 
power of Ross, Sutherland, and Caithness was 
assembled to oppose the Brus, but his advance 
struck such terror into the inhabitants of these 
districts that they jietitioned the English King 
to send assistance. Brus took signal vengeance 
upon the Earl, and ravaged his lands, which 
nuide liini glad to sue for pardon and make a 
truce. They met at Auldearn, and here the. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



77 



Earl swore fealty ; this reconciliation being 
cemented by tlie marriage of the Earl's son, 
Hugh, with the Princess Maud, sister of the 
King. In 1312 Earl William appended his 
seal to the agreement between the Kings of 
Scotland and Norway. He led the men of 
Ross at the liattle of Bannockburn, and was 
one of those who addres.sed the famous letter to 
the Pope, in 1320, asserting the independence 
of Scotland. 

Hugh, the tifth Earl of Ross, commanded the 
reserve of the Scots army at Halidon Hill. 
He was of a superstitious nature, for the Eng- 
lish found on his body the shirt of St. Duthac, 
which was supposed to possess miraculous 
powers, although it did not prevent him from 
l)eing slain. The shirt, it may be mentioned, 
was restored to the chapel by the English. Tliis 
E.irl married a second time, the eldest .son of 
his .second wife (Margaret Graham) being Hugh 
Ross, ancestor of the Rosses of Balnagown, 
while a danu'liter, Euphemia, became the Queen 
of Roliei t 1 1. 




Seal of Euphe 



II of Robert II 



William, the sixth Earl of Ross and Lord of 
Skye, assembled his feudal following in 1346 to 
assist King David in his expedition to England, 
but having basely murdered Ranald of the Isles, 
in the Monastery of Elcho, to escape the royal 
vengeance he returned with his men to the 
north. In 1366 lie rose in rebellion, but was 
soon obliged to find security to keep the peace. 
King David Brus did not forget the conduct of 
the Earl of Ross and his desertion at Elcho, 
and refused to sanction his proposal of making 
his half-brother Hugh his heir. His only son 
had died, and his elder daughter, Euphemia, 
married Sir Walter Lesley against his will. 
The poor Earl seems to have been treated 
harshly, for he was compelled to resign all his 
lands in 1370, and they were conferred, failing 
heirs male of his body, upon his daughter 
Euphemia and her husband ; whom failing, to 
his younger daughter Janet (who married Sir 
Alexander Eraser of Cowie) and her heirs. 



Upon the death of the Earl of Ross, in 1372, 
the title devolved u))on his daughter Euphemia, 
who had a son and daughter by Sir Walter 
Leslie, viz : — Alexander, Earl of Ross, and 
Margaret, wlio married Donald, Lord of the 
Isles. 



URUISG CHOIRE-NAN-NUALLAN. 

First Pkizk Sheulachd at Oban Mod. 



By John MacFadyen. 
Part II. 



^•A^ CH 's e thachair air latha araidh — 

(3^T^ 'N uair a sheiun na heoiii bhuidhe bhddauach 
— - — An ceiil binn feadanach, 

Gii'n d'tliainig Fciirchar og na faoghaid 
Le 'chuid ghaotliar air eill. 

'Nuair a bha esan a' dol seachad air bothan na 
h-airidh aig Cailleach bun-na-beinne, 's an an- 
moch, bha Chailleach a mach 's thubhairt i : — 

"Tillibh a chlann, cha 'n 'eil an Coire glan 
rondiaibh a' nochd." 

"Cha do thill nacli do threig, a ^Ihuime 
chaonih na h-airidh," arsa Fearchar. " Nacli 
tig thu seachd ceumannan 'am chuideachd, thoir 
dhomh do bheannachadh, 's cuir air fallih mi 's 
caidlidh mi 'nochd fo sgail an leandiain 'an 
(ileann nam mang 's nam maoiseaoh le m' 
thriiiir ghillean rnadha, 's mo dhii cliii lonacli — 

'"S mo ghallag liheag robach nan gonagan giar,* 
'Bheir fidl air an fhiadh air gach beum. " 

Fhreagair a' Chailleach — 

" .All do thog Fearchar a sliiiil 
Kis an aiunir a's ciiiine n>sg? " 

"Cha d' iarr mi ainnir no iirram," arsa 
Fearchar, " tlia mi dol do'n bheinu shithionn 'us 
sheilg : — 

" A ruagadh a' bhuic, a' bhruic, 's an flieidli 
Am niMreach mu 'n ^irich a' ghriaii. " 

An sin thuirt Muime na h-iiridh — "Theid 
mi seachd ceum leat is bheir mi seachd beann- 
achd dliuit, 'Fhearchair mhic Airt mhic 
Aillinnt — 

Nigheau righ Mhanaiuii a' chuain— 

Thiinig thar stuadh Iiinis-thorc, — 

Mac au athar nach d' thug cEiin 

Eadhon 'o nJimh le an-iochd. 
So agad mo lorg dh'ireach nan tri meangan, de'n 
abhall nach crion, a chuir Manach, 's a bhuain 
Manach air taobh deas balla-cro na caibealt. 
'S a bheannaich Manach tri uairean — 

'S troimh 'ii Kib faobhar na humha 
Ma bhuailear a bhuille le datddh. 



* Gonagan rjiar ::= sharp teeth. Oonayan or coin- 
chriche = canine teeth. 

f Ailkann = elcanipane, a British perennial plant 
which grows in moist meadows. Also applied as a 
name to a beautiful woman. Aillean was Fearchar'a 
mother, "nighean righ Mhanainn," 



78 



THE CKI.TIC .MONTHLY, 



Ciiir dhiot gartan iia coise cl'i 's cuir coinglieall* 
dheth niu amliach na galla, thoir driucan fala a 
cluais dlieis an da choin, 's na gairm a li-aou 
diu air an ainiu o'n a theid a' ghrian fodlia gus 
am blais an t-eun an t-uisge an l;i 'r-na-nihair- 
each, 's mo lilieannaclid a'd' cliuideaclid 's bi 
triall." 

Dli' fliiillih Fearcliar le 'ghillean 's le choin, 's 
bha soragt na li-oidhclie 'seinn ciiiil dlia. An 
uair a rainig e Sloc-naninieall thaciiair ainnir 
air 's bu mliaiseach a snuadh — 

Bha li-aril bhroilleach m'ln 
Mar slineaclid fiorghlaii air fonn, 
Bha gucag a cioch 
Mar bhIiXth fearr-dhris 's a' choilleig 
Am bbithas doire nan toni. 

Bha slatag sheilich 'na laiiuh, agus tlioisich na 
coin air comhartaich rithe. " Caisg do choin a 
a laoich,' ars' ise. •' Cha ghreas 's cba ghrab 
mi iad/' arsa Fearchar. Bha na coin 's a li-uile 
rib a bh' orra 'na slieasamh cho direach ri 
fridbi'in an tuirc ; acli chas an ainnir ureann is 
dh' atliaraich i 'crutb gu l)lii 'na h -iiruisg cho 
oillteil, agus na b' oillteala na 'blia i aona chuid 
do Thalamsan no do Bhreac-gbluii. "Mur a 
caisg thu do clioin," ars' an Uruisg, "caisgeuiis' 
iad," — 's i Loirt ionnsuidh air a liaon dliiu leis 
an t-slacan. Tharuinn Fcarchar a shieagli, is 
thbisich an shicadli. Mur an robli nuallanaich 
'an Coire-nau nieallan rianih roimhe lilia gu l-i-uir 
dheth 'n oidhch' ud ann eadar na coin 's an 
Uruisg ; — 

"A huile leiim a bheireadh Bniid, J 
Thilleadh e le fliuil niii 'lihial, 
A li-uile beuni a bheireadh Speuch, 
Thug an Uruisg sgreaddisgriach." 

Leum an nathair shligineach, tbeinndcach a 
liroiilench na h-Uruisg 's thug i ionnsuidii air 
I'rarcbar, acli bhuail esan i leis an lorg aig 
.Muimc-na-Ii-airidli 's chaidh i 'n a cuaich, dh' at 
i, 's an sin sgain i : — 

Le fuaim faoghar 'chuir orith 
Air gach ladhar 'k a' ghlcann, 

Cliaidh i n sin 'na lasair tlioiiic a' cur na li 
Uruisg ri theine condila rithe agus ann am 
prioba sill cha robli aig Fearcliar ach torran 
luadiia. 

Cliaidh e to sgail barraich 's thainig an cadal 
air, oir bha e sgith, agus dhiiisgeadli 'am brist- 



* CoiiK/heall — a turn or circle. In some jilnees a 
dog's collar is called c.oinijhcalt. 

t Siira(j na h-oidliche water sprite of the iiiglit. 
Sora is n water sprite supposed to sing in the swirl 
and wimple and hiss and splash of falling waters, 
thruughiiiit the night. 

t BruUl, the name of one of the dogs. 

§ Speuch, the name of the bitch. " Sgread da fyri- 
ach " — bha dd ayriach anjis an aona Kjread. 



eadh na faire e le " Brionn "* ag iinlich aodainn, 
's an sin sheinn — 

Na h-ei>in bhuidlie bhadanach 
Au ceol binn feadanach. 

'N uair a sheall Fearchar nm 'n cuairt air 
ciiunnaic e gu 'n robli moran de mhill chlach 
iongantach aim an Sloc-nani-meall. Bhuail e 'n 
lorg abhail air aon do na mill agus tliionndaidh 
am meall 'ua ilhuine, 's theich Fearchar. " Na 
tcich le abhail nam buadh 'Fhearchair," ars' an 
duine, " tha feum ort fhathasd 'an Sloo-iiam- 
meall." Thill Fearchar agus bhuail e 'n lorg 
air nicall an deigh mill, a' h-uile meall 'an Sloc- 
nam-meall, 's a h-uile meall a' fas 'na ghaisgeach 
gusanrobh naoidh naoidbnear laoch 'nan seasamh 
ri 'thaobh, agus na 'in measg bha Talanisan mac 
Righ Othaileam agus Breac-ghliin mac Righ 
Thorcuill agus thug Fearchar iad air fad gu Tiir 
Athaileam 

Is fhuair e nighean an Uiyh is da iinilachd, 
'S a chtSmhnuidh au Tiir Innis-stoth. 

'S mar do shiiibhail iad bho sin tha iad be6 
fhathasd. 

(Concluded). 



C.1MANACHD Notes. — What promises to be a 
^'reat attraction to London Scotsmen is the match 
which is to take place on 26tli Dec. (Boxing Day), 
ill London, between the London N.C. Cam.\nachi) 
Ci.uB and the Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club. 
The game will be well worth seeing, and we hope 
that there will be a large attendance of our coun- 
trymen. Both teams have a splendid record. On 
Saturday, .30tli, the Cowal have arranged to play 
tlie Ballachulish Shinty Cli'b, at Moray PaiU, 
Stra.tbbiini;(). We hope to see a large gathering of 
(;iasL,'<iw Highlanders present. Eoinhuroh Uni- 
VEKsiTY I). Abeudehn Univek.sity. — These teams 
met ill Inverleitli Park, Edinburgh, on the 25tli 
November, and after a well contested game the 
Aberdeen men won by 4 hails to 3. 

Glasoow Cowal Shinty Club. — We have to 
thank John Mackay, Esq., C.E., J.P., Hereford 
(patron of the club) for a handsome donation of £'i'M. 
towards the club's funds. The club house is now 
in course of ercctiim. 

Till-: John Matkav (Herefokd) Pkize of £10. — 
Our readers are reminded that this competition 
closes on the 30th December, and all papers should 
be sent in at once to the Secretaries of the Gaelic 
Society of London. (&•'• Adrt.). 

Two of our contributors — Miss Annie Mackay, 
Eastbourne, and Mr. Duncan Maclean, Manchester 
— have each won a prize of one guinea for poems in 
the Christmas number of the Pi-ojih's .hmrnal. 

PoRTiiAlTs of Sir James Cobiulioun, Bart., can 
be had printed on stiH' ])aper of a larger size, suit- 
able for framin.i;, at (id each, post free, from the 
Editor, 17 Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgow. 

* " Brionn" one of his dogs. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 
THE RAID OF LOCH CARRON. 



79 



By Alkxander Macdoxald, Govan. 
{Contimied fi om pafje 49). 





Lo ! U)) she starts with IVjiutic inein, 

Nor heeds her baby's cry, 
Her stare is fearful, dark and wild 

The gleam thafs in her eye. 
"Come back, come back ! Sir Kenneth, come 

Yonr people will be slain ! 
Come back ! come back ! come back to-night, 

Or else 'tis all in vain I 

Do not I see fierce Macdonell, 

And full two hundred men I 
They're marching forth, on murder bent, 

Through Garry's birch-clad glen I 
Us deep, dark fords they now have crossed, 

They march with quickened speed, 
Ah woe is me ! where's Scaforth now, 

In this dread hour of need? 

Hold ! stand thou back, grim-visagcd ghost ! 

Point not thy bony hand — 
I know thee well, thou shadowy sprite ; 

Begone, why dost thou stand?' 
" I've seen the ' Fiery Cross ' go forth, 

While wandering in the night, 
Across bleak Corryvarligan, 

And o'er Mam Cluany's height. 

Glengarry's eldest-born will come, 

With full two hundred men, 
And not a shelling will he spare 

On bare hillside or glen, 
And not a mother will he spare. 

Nor infant on her knee, — 
A tiger's heart and bloodhound's scent 

Has he who's on the sea." 

" Ha ! ghost of dark Mam Cluany, 

Can'st thou not tell me more ? 
Say whither does fierce Angus sail ? " — 

" 'Tis to Loch Carron's shore " — 
" But what — ho spirit, where art thou ? — 

'Tis but yon scutchioned stone ! 
Good Heavens! what is tliis I've seen ? 

Have 1 been, then, alone ? 



Yes! yes! alone, alone I've been, 
But like some dream of night, 

A death cloud grey stole o'er my eyes— 
I've seen with second sight! " 

'Twas on a lovely Sabbath morn, 

No sound disturbed the air, 
Save the dull moaning of the waves. 

And eke the sound of prayer, 
A fleet of twenty boats was seen 

To steer for Carron's shore, 
.\\\A eighty men were seen to ply 

The tough, unweildy oar. 
'■ Now, who be they who sail so bold. 

And steer for Seaforth's land? 
'Tis brave Sir Kenneth," is the cry 

Which rises from the strand. 
'■ He comes from .Mull with eighty men. 

And so he's safe and well. 
We'll march by morning light to meet 

Tlie rieving Macdonell." 

Eftsoons the boats approach the shore. 
But hark ! what means that cry? 

J.o ! like a herd of timid deer, 
llie people quickly fly. 

And ])icrcing screams now rend the air. 
As on the solid ground 

The keels of twenty boats are heard 
To strike with grating sound. 

As if by magic, up there springs 

A host of armed men. 
Who crouching in their boats had lain, 

Like tigers in their den ; 
In dark red tartan they are dressed. 

Claymores are in each hand, 
And, quick as lightning, from the boats 

'1 hey spring upon the land. 

" Now, follow me," their leader cries, 

" We have them in our toils. 
But first bind, hack, or slay the dogs I 

Before you think of spoils." 
" Aye ! aye ! " they shout, and wildly rush 
With claymores poised on high, ' 

And midst their dreadful yelling shout 

" Die. false Mackenzie, die! " 
Oh ! what a horrid sight was there! 

What cries now rend the air I 
Old men and young grasped by the throat. 

And women by the hair. 
Claymores are dripping with warm blood, 

Plaids which were red before 
Are redder now than ere they were, 

With stains of human gore ! 
" Sad news, sad news, my lady fair ! 

Sad news I bring to thee ; 
There's murder on Loch Carron's shore. 

And murder on the sea. 
I only have escaped the sword. 

And hither come, forlorn. 
For vengeance on the murderer. 

Glengarry's eldest born." 
" My worthy kinsman, what can I, 

A frail, weak woman do ? 
Oh, Seaforth ! Seaforth ! where art thou ? 

This day thou'lt surely rue ; 



so 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



But yet ril try what can be done, 

By poor weak woman's aid, 
To wipe tliis stain Irom olT our house, 

Ami stop this murderous raid. 

Ho ! Seneschal, go round our men — 

Dost hear ? — call every man. 
And bring them here with every speed — 

We'll then devise a plan 
To carry out a sweet revenge 

For this most bloody deed ; 
Let them come armed and fit for war, 

With all convenient speed." 

Calm shone the moon, and m.my a star 

L^pon the Kyles of Skye, 
As twenty boats, all laden deep. 

Were slowly passing by ; 
But suddenly a darkening cloud 

Obscured the moon's pale light, 
.\nd srimvllakes fell, as rose the swell, 

And darker grew the night. 

Still on they sailed, and first there came 

A boat before the rest, 
It seemed the leader's galley. 

And its course was for the west. 
It proudly cut the crested wave. 

And sailed full half a mile. 
Ere the dull splashing of its sweeps 

Were heard on Bailigh's Isle. 

'Twas just abreast that lonely rock, 

A voice called out — " Stand clear ! " 
A deafening volley belches forth. 

And. hark! there bursts a cheer. 
" Perdition seize me ! " Angus cried, 

" My galley's on the ground. 
Ho ! rowers, back her with your sweeps. 

And pull her through the sound." 

" She fills ! she fills ! " some wildly ciy ; 

" They come ! they come ! " some call. 
While, bursting from their ambuscade, 

Mackenzies on them fall 
Now fierce they fight with dirk and sword. 

Anon they fight pellmell. 
Kevengcl'ul each Mackenzie looks. 

And desperate, Macdonell. 

" Keep them on board," their leader cried ; 

Lei no one get to shore." 
" Press on, my men, down with the dogs," 

Fierce Angus oft did roar. 
Both met, and mutual was their hate — 

They closed, and down Ihev fell. 
"Take that," Mackenzie fiercely said, 

" Tho\i murderous Mac-douell." 

Out gushed the blood from Angus' heart, 

He gave one piercing cry. 
His men looked round, their chief was stark. 

And death was in his eye. 
But back to back they bravely stand, 

And fight upon the deck, 
For none there is among that band 

Can leave the fatal wreck. 

Keen swords guard every part around, 

Dirks gleam in every hand. 
Ah ! little chance, fierce Macdonells, 

Have you to reach the land. 



The deck is slippery — soaked with blood — 

And covered with dead men, 
" No quarter give, no quarter take," 

Were both their watchwords then. 

" Push out the boat, push out the boat," 

Is heard on every side. 
'Tis done, she slowly leaves the rock. 

And passes with the tide. 
But hark ! what horrid shriek was that 

The midnight echoes gave? 
Ah ! 'tis a death-wail from the boat 

They've sunk beneath the wave. 

[The picture at the beginning of the abo\e ballad 
represents Ellandouau Castle. — Ed.] 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 



GovAN HiQHL.4ND ASSOCIATION. — The Annual 
Concert in connection with this vigorous society 
was held in the Broomloan Halls, on 7th December. 
Prof. Campbell Bhick occupied the Chair, and there 
was a large attendance. An attractive programme 
of Gaelic and English Songs, Highland Dancing, 
and Pijie Music, was gone through, and the com- 
mittee are to be congratulated on the success which 
attendad their eft'orts. 

The Ci.an Maclkan. — On 7th December, Mr. 
Henry Why te (" Fionn") delivered a lecture to this 
clan society on " Lachlan Maclean, Coll,'' author of 
" Adhanih agus Euhh," " History of the Celtic 
Language, etc., itc. Mr. Magnus Maclean, M..\., 
presided, and there was a large attendance. The 
lecture, which lasted an liDur, was listened to with 
marked attention, and a proposal to erect a Celtic 
cross over his remains was favouraldy received. We 
hope next month to give a synopsis of the lecture, 
with a sketch of the house in which this distinguished 
Collman was born. 

The Airdrie Highland Association held their 
first Gathering on 10th December. Mr G. B. 
Shearer presided, and the large hall was crowded 
to e.xcess. The programme submitted was quite an 
excejitional one, and the audience enthusiastically 
ajiplauded the various artistes. Miss J. W. Mac- 
Lachlan, who was in good voice, received quite an 
ovation for her rendering of the Gaelic songs. We 
were glad to see so many wearing the Highland 
dress. This association has already done excellent 
work, and we trust that the splendid gathering 
which ha-s just been held will help to increase the 
membership roll, and encourage the members in 
the patriotic work they have undertaken. 

- ■ — ■ The annual social 

rCi,.J^H;>:-..^ gathering of the 

Clan Campbell was 
held in the Water- 
00 Uooms on 11th 
Dec. - Ex -Bailie 
Malcolm Campbell 
in the chair. '1 here 
was a large attend- 
ance of members 
and friends, who 
thoroughly en- 
joyed the ezcellent 
programme submitted. An assembly followed. 




• ( — — y 

- yCAMPBELL ^ 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



fil 




Clan MacMillan Soc- 
iety. — The first Annual 
Social Gathering of this 
clan was held on 28th Nov., 
in the St. Andrew's Halls. 
Rev. Hugh MacMillan, 
D.D., LLD., occupied the 
chair, and the hall was 
crowded. The Chairman's 
Address was worthy of his great literai-y reputation, 
and speeches were also delivered by Messrs. Wni. 
M. C. MacMillan, J.P., of Lamloch, Daniel Mac- 
Millan, presicknf, Rev. Donald MacMillan, M.A., 
and Mr John Mackay, Kingston, Secretary, Clan 
Mackay, who responded for the kindred societies. 
The after part of the evening was devoted to music 
and dancing, and altogether the MacMillan Gather- 
ing was one of the most successful and enjoyable of 
the season. Clansmen wi-sliing to join the society 
should communicate with the Secretary, Mr 
Archibald MacMillan, 9 University Street, Glasgow. 



THE STRENGTH OF THE CLANS IN THE 
ISLAND OP LEWIS IN 18G1. 



(To the Editor of the Celtic MontMij.) 
Sir, — In response to your request for further 
information with respect to the strength of the 
clans in the several districts of the Highlands, I 
send you the following. Some thirty-two years ago 
two gentlemen in Stornoway had a discussion as to 
whetlier the Macleods or the Mackenzies were the 
more numerous clan in the Lewis, and to determine 
the question a census of the population was taken 
at the time, with the following result : — In a popu- 
lation of 21,059, there were 232 surnames. The 
following are the particulars of the "count"; — 
Macleod, 3838 ; Macdonald, 2510 ; ^Mackeneie, 
1482; Morrison, 1402; Maciver, 1198; Maclean, 
956 ; Mackay, 837 ; Smith, 794 ; Macaulay, 727 ; 
Murray, (il5 ; Campbell, 639 ; Graham, 392 ; Mathe- 
son, 376 ; Maclennan, 348 ; Nicolson, 300 ; Macrae, 
280 ; Martin, 235 ; Montgomery, 227 ; Macritchie, 
222 ; Macphail, 216 ; Macaskill, 212 ; Macarthur, 
211; Macmillan, 206 ; Stewart, 171 ; Munro, 151 ; 
Mackinnon, 135; Finlayson, 124; Gillies, 113; 
Macinnes, 112; Ross, 104; Macsween, 103; Mac- 
farlane, 102 ; Ferguson, 94; Gunn, 88; Kennedy, 
77 ; Thomson, 73 ; Buchanan, 72 ; Macneil, GO ; 
Beaton, 44 ; Young, 43 ; Fraser, 42 ; Macgregor, 
37 ; Macpherson 41 ; Reid, 36 ; Chisholm, 33 ; 
Bethune, 32 ; Chrighton, 32 ; Macleay, .30 ; Watt, 
30 ; Clark, 28 ; Grant, 26 ; Mitchell, 26 ; Robert- 
son, 23; Chambers, 21 ; Cameron, 18; Carmichael, 
18; Patter.son, 18; Gordon, 16; Hunter, 15; 
Miller, 14; Macqueen, 14; Macdougall, 13; Mac- 
diarmid, 13; Macfarquhar, 12; Macgillivray, 11; 
Mackintosh, 12 ; Saunders, 12 ; Lees, 11 ; Wilson, 
11 ; Bain, 10; Humphrey, 10; Macnaughton, 10; 
Brown, 9 ; Calder, 9 ; Fleet, 9 ; Poison, 9 ; Suther- 
land, 9; Kerr, 8; Kackeegan, 8; Macbride, 8; 
Rigg, 8 ; Scott, 8 ; Anderson, 7 ; Adam, 7 ; Chap- 
man, 7 ; Christie, 7 ; Russell, 7 ; Macrimmon, 7. 
It will doubtless be of some interest to your readers 
to know also the 

SEVEN Most prevalent surnames 
all over Scotland. According to a calculation made 
after the census of 1881, they were — Smith, the 



name of one i)erson in every 69 ; Macdonald, one 
in every 78 ; Brown, one in eveiy 79 ; Robertson, 
one in every 91 ; Campbell, one in every 92 ; 
Thomson, one in every 95 ; and Ste%vart, one in 
every 98. One person in every twelve in Scotland 
will answer to one or other of these names. The 
first of these. Smith, is, of course, a purely cosmo- 
i:iolitan name. In England and Wales they are 
calculated to be about one in every 73 of the popu- 
lation. Macdonald, therefore, heads the Highland 
clans by a good lead. Their calculated number in 
Scotland in 1881 was 36,000. The Campbells were 
at the same time 19,000. A very interesting 
account of the strength of the clans in the town of 
Inverness, where the Erasers have a very good 
lead, appeared in the Intvniesf: Vourier about the 
beginning of last September. Could you not pre- 
the account for us, Mr. Editor, by reproducing it 
in the Celtic MonM;/ ? 

GAELIC SPELLIN(;. 

I woidd here ask your permission to refer to the 
letter which appeared in your last issue over the 
signature " il/nc Riunjhriiih." He recites a few 
Celtic gi'ievances (would lie write here " Gaclach 
grievances" — or, what else t), some of which are to 
the point, and others of which are very far fetched, 
and he winds up by committing an error as grave 
as any of those he has complained of, viz ; — writing 
" Fra;er " and " Fri:allach," instead of " Fraser " 
and " Frisealach." In English, as the name is said 
to be of Norwegian origin, the " z " might pass 
muster, but there is no such letter in the Gaelic 
alphabet. — I am., &c. T. D. Macdonald. 



R E VI EWS. 



New Works on the Highlands — As an 
indication of the interest which is now being taken 
in histories of Highland Parishes, we have pleasure 
in announcing the early publication of the following 
valuable works by gentlemen whose names will be 
a guarantee of their completeness and correctness. 

The Red and White Book of Menzies, by D. 
P. Menzies, F.S.A., Scot., is a history of the Clan 
Menzies and its Chiefs. It is to contain a large 
number of portraits and other illustrations. Price, 
£2 2s. ; Edition ile Ltixe, £5 53. Publishers, 
Messrs. John Menzies & Co., Edinburgh. 

The Irish Echo is a patriotic Gaelic Journal 
published in Boston, Mass., U.S.A. It contains a 
large variety of interesting reading in poetry and 
prose, in both languages. It is well printed and 
ably edited, and is very jjopular among the Irish 
Gaels across the Atlantic. We reciprocate the 
editor's kind wishes towards ourselves. 

Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the 
Highlands in Olden Times, by Alexander Mac- 
pherson, P.S.A., Scot., Solicitor, Kingussie. This 
is an authoritative work on the famous district of 
Badenoch, and deals largely with the fortunes of 
the Macphersons and their chiefs. It also contains 
a selection from the MSS. of the late Captain Mac- 
pherson, and an interesting appendix. It is illust- 
rated with sixteen tine portraits and pictures of 
historic places. Messrs. Blackwood & Sons, Edin- 
burgh, are the publishers, and to subscribers the 
price is 22s., post free We hope it will have a 
large sale. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



"Dain Lmn Giiohua" (Morrison's Poems), col- 
lected and edited, with a memoir, by George Hender- 
son, M.A. Vol. I. (Glasgow : Archibald Sinclair ; 
Edinburgh, Norman Macleod, The Mound).— Ad- 
mirers of the Songsraith of Harris will be glad to 
have such a handsome volume of his poetry. Al- 
though some of his best known poems were published 
both in Canada and in this country, tliis is really the 
first attempt to give us a complete edition of his 
works. Tlie editor has written a learned life-history 
of the Soimsmith, extending to seventy-five pages, 
which will be read with interest by all interested in 
the (loetry of Iain Gobha. Several of the poems 
given in this volume are set to music. The work is 
beautifully got up, reflecting much credit on the 
publisher— and all who admire Tain dohha's life and 
poetry cannot but feel grateful to Mr. Henderson for 
ills potriotic lal)ours. We hope editor and publisher 
will receive the support they deserve from Gaelic- 
speaking Highlanders. 



MUSTER-ROLL OF THE REAY 
FENCIBLES, 1795. 



CONTKIHLTKD liV D. MUKRAY RoSE. 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 



\Vii.i. the Editor of the Celtic Monthly kindly en- 
ligliten me on the following points :— Have the Mor- 
risons a tartan and badge? Are they affiliated to 
any clan? Are they Highlanders V)y accident of 
birth o»?y?— Balgan-peoi.ach. 

Thk (iiLCHRLST.s OR MacGilchrist.s. - Would 
you, or any of the readers of the Ottir Mnnthli/, 
kindly inform me what is known of the Gilehrisls or 
MacGilehrists? To what clan or brand-, they belong, 
and what tartan, crest, badge, or motto they are en- 
titled to wear?— A. G. 

Chips from Cape Wrath.— (1) Days of the Wei;k 
in (hieUc.—Diluain, di + luain ; di, a day; luna, 
Mioon. Dimaiit, di + niart.is; Mars, god of war. 
Dir.iad<win, di + ceud + aoin = day of the First 
Fast. DiardaoiH di -t- eadar + aoin = day between 
the Fasts. Dihaoinc, di + aoin, the Fast day. 
Di.iathuirne, di + Saturn, Saturn. Didomhnuich, 
di + dominicus = the day of the Lord. The prefix 
di for (/«!( is no* olwolete in Gaelic ; it is to be seen 
in an diniih, to-day. From the above it is clear we 
have got the first 'two days from heathen times; the 
rest, through the Church. (2) Census of the Gaelic 
llace. — UerK is a nut to crack for the American corre- 
spondent who longed for the extinction of the Celtic 
tongues. It is taken from a trustworthy source— 
the lieime Ce.Hique. The first column gives the 
number who can speak two languages, one of which 
is Celtic; the bccond column, those who speak a 
1 eltic dialect only :— 

From:c (Brittany) l,24i).()ou 70(i,ciim 

. V„i,., 990,5311 304, 1 1 U 

Mai. .'.■.■■..■. 1V.34 190 

i,„lan<l 807,674 Wi.M» 

S<-otland a"».g54 M.HTJ 

3,426,80'> l,l.'i0,733 

—(Rev.) Adam (junn, Durness. 



Thk magazine this month consists of 21 pages, 
the "M\ialer-Holl of the Reay Fencibles" beinjr given 
as a supplement. 



"MusTER-RoLi, OF His M.ajesty's RE.\y Fescible 
Hkjhlani) Kkci.ment of Foot for 2S6 days, 
PROM 25th October, 1794, to 17tii Jd.\e, 1795, 
both days inclusive : — 
Attested 3rd November, 1794.— ^Vn/t'toi/.-— John 
Graham, Donald Mackay, Hugh Mackay, Angus 
MacdonaUl, Finlay M'Leod. 9th Nov. -John 
Cochran. 17th Nov.— Andrew M'Laren. 18lh 
Nov.— Alex. M'Leau. 19th Nov.— Rupert Mackay. 
20th Nov. —Hugh Mackay, John IMackay. 21st 
Noy _-sv„i. Sutherland. 22nd Nov.— Hugh Grant, 
John Mackay, Hugh Mackay, John Mackay. 25th 
Nov.— Hugh Mackay. 26th Nov.— Charles Mackay. 
28th Nov.— Donald Mackay. 1st Dec.— William 
JIackay. 2nd Dec— Thomas Woode, Duncan 
Mackay. 3rd Dec— Donald Munro. 11th Dec- 
John M'lver. 20th Dec— Alexander Mackay. 2nd 
Jan., 1795.— Alexander Ross. 7th Feb. —James 
Mitchell. 4tli Jlarch. — Robert WiUock. Gth 
March.— Archiliald M' Arthur. 7th March.— Chas. 
M'Arthur, John Wilson. 10th March.— John 
M'Leod. 

Attested 3rd Nov., 1794. — tVrjjorak — Colin 
Sinclair, Donald Macdonald, Alexander IMackay. 
4th Nov.— John Hepburn. 9th Nov. —Robert Ray. 
loth Nov.— Donald Calder. 18tli Nov.— Donald 
Mackay. 20th Nov. — Robert Mackay, James 
Mackay, Donald Munro. 21st Nov.— John Morr- 
ison. 22nd Nov. — John Munro, William Mackay, 
George Mackay, George M'Leod, Hugh M'lntosh. 
28th Nov.— William Budge. 2nd Dec— John 
Guiiii. 4th Dec— Hugh Morrison, Hugh M'Kenzie. 
5th Dec— William Morrison. 8th Dec— Donald 
M'Arkle. 25th Dec— Alex. Ross. 'JSth Dec- 
James Gordon. 3Uth Jan., 1895.— Henry Hendon. 
3rd Feb. — John Evans, Hugh Morrison. 16th 
Feb.— Murdo Mackenzie. 24th April.— Alexander 
Murray. 25th April. — John M'Kenzie. 

Attested (itli Nov., 1794.— 7'M(m»ie)-.s — Fred. 
Hughes. 18th Nov.— John Mackay, Wm. M'Leod, 
Donald Morrison. 'iothNov. — Isaac Spyron. 28th 
Nov. — Charles Mackav. Lst Dec— Patrick Gallie. 
2nd Dec— Archibald" Wilson. 4tli Dec— Donald 
M'Leod, Donald Graham. 9th Dec — Donald 
M'lntosh. 20th Dec— Joseph Morrison. 21st 
Dec — Simon Hojie. 25th Dec— George Ross. 
26th Dec— John M'Donald. 3rd Feb., 1795.— 
Hugh Masson. 5th Feb.— William Gordon, Adam 
Campbell. Gth Feb.— William Mackenzie. 16th 
Feb.— Joliu Macpherson. 23rd Feb.— Thomas 
Simpson. 1st March. — William Gunn. 

Attested 30tli Oct., ll'Ji.^Pr irate Men— John 
Macdonald, Hugh Campbell. 1st Nov.— Robert 
Anderson. 3rd Nov. — >lohn Campbell, Angus 
Campbell, James Campbell, .-Vlexander (iunn, John 
Gordon, Donald Ciunu, Finlay IMackay, Angus 
Macdimald, John M'l)i>nald, Hugh Mackenzie, 
J,.hn IMacdonald, Donald .Macleod, Hector Mackay, 
Don.'ihi Mueleod, Neil Mackay, Neil Macpherson, 
(u'orge IMackay, Robert Mackay, Hugh M'Leod, 
D..iiald Alackay, Robert M'Leod, Angus Mackay, 
Alexander M'Donald, Alexander M'Donald, Alex. 
M'Kenzie, Roderick M'Donald, Angus M'Leod, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



83 



Colin Maoleod, William INI-Leml, Dmialtl Muckay, 
Donald M'Leod, John M'Leod, Jolm Malton, Angus 
M'Pherson, John M'Pherson, William Mackay, 
Hugh Mackay, Hugh Nicol, John Ross, William 
Sinclair, George Shanks, John White, James Finnie, 
William Horsiiurgh. John M'Callum.HeetorMunr... 
William Ross, John Neilson, Thomas Rcjss, William 
Younghushaiid, William Morrison, Alexander Eoss. 
10th Nov. — James Dunn, Thomas Grant, John 
Mackenzie. 11th Nov.— William Nairn. iL'tli 
Nov. — George Sutherland. 13th Nov. — Alexander 
Macleod. 14th Nov. — James Macdonald. loth 
Nov. — -Hugh Campbell, Robert Guiin, John Gordon, 
William Gunn, William Gunn, James Gunu, John 
Mackay, Hugh Mackay, lye Mack.-iy, John Mackay, 
Hugh Mackay, Hugh Mackay, Robert Mackay, 
(Jeorge jNlackay, John M'Leod, Robert M'Intosh, 
John Ross. John Sutherland, John Stewart. 10th 
Nov. — Hugh Mackay, George M'Kenzie. 17th 
Nov. — Angus Campbell, Angus Campbell, Donald 
Campbell, Angus Campbell, John Campbell, George 
Campbell, Kenneth Forbes, Ale.vaiider IMaekav, 
John M'Culloch, George Mackay, Donald 3Iackay. 
John Mackay,Murdo Macpherson, William Macleod, 
Hugh Macleod, John Ross, Keunetli Sutherland, 
(ieorge Sutherland. 18tli Nov. — Alexander Clarke, 
Hugh Gunn, James Graham, James Morrison, 
George M'Leod, George Mackenzie, Donald Mackay, 
George Morrison, Kenneth Mackay, Alexander 
Mackay, Alexander Macleod, Hugh Morrison, 
Robert Mackay, Angus Mackay, Roderick Mackay, 
John Matheson, Robert Mackay, John Mackay, 
William Morrison, Alexander Macleod, Angus 
Macleod, William M'Kenzie, John Mackay, Hugh 
Macleod, John Macleod, John Macleod, John 
M'Leod, Hugh M'Leod, Kenneth Macleod, George 
M'Leod, Donald Mackay, John Mackenzie, Donald 
Mackenzie, William Macleod, Hugh Ross, Donald 
Sutherland. l!)th Nov. — Hugh Sutherland, 
William Abrach, Alexander Mackay, Paul Macaul, 
Donald Macleod, John Mackay, Hugh Morriscm. 
■20th Nov. — Donald Mackintosh, John Calder, 
Hugh Calder, John Calder, Alexander Calder, 
Donald Mackay, Donald Mackay, Murdo Mackay, 
Robert M;ickay, William Mackay, Angus M.ickay, 
Neil Mackay, Donald Munro, James Muuro, 
Donald Mackay, Jaines Mackay, Angus Mackay, 
Hugh Jlackuy, William Mackay, John Mackay, 
James ]Mackay, John Mackay, Angus Mackay, 
Angus Mackay, George Mackay, Donald Mackay, 
Donald j\laclel>d, Angus Mackintosh, Jobn Mackay, 
.John Mackenzie, John Mackay, Robert Macpherson, 
William Munro, Donald Mackay, Angus Munro, 
Hector Mackay, William Mackay, William Mackay, 
James Munro, John Mackay, Kenneth Mackay, 
Hugh Mackay, Hector Mackay, Angus Mackay, 
Angus Rose, George Ross, John S\itlierland, Peter 
Thomson, Alexander Munro, John Deans. 21st 
Nov. — Richard Green, Angus Gunn, lye Gordon, 
Donald Mackay, Alexander Mackay, William 
Mackay, Alexander Macleod, William Mackay, 
Hugh Macdonald, William Mackay, Robert Mackay, 
George Gordon, Colin Munro, George Mackay, Jolin 
Munro, Angus Mackay, Angus Macleod, Angus 
Mackay, Alexander Mackay, Angus Macdonald, 
Hugh Mackay, James Ross, Angus Sutherland, 
John Scobie, Robert Stewart, Hector Sutherland, 
Robert Sutherland, Hugh Sutherland. 22nd Nov. — 
William Mackay, Donald Campbell, Angus Camp- 



bell, Donald Camplicll, George Forbes, Donald 
Mackay, William Mackintosh, Charles Mackay, 
Angus Mackay, John Mackenzie, Neil Mackay, 
Alexander Mackaj', Hector Morrison, Alexander 
Mackay, Donald Munro, Hii^li M..ni.s(.ii, William 
Mackay, Hugh Mackay. (I,, ,,4,. Mideod, Murdo 
Mackay. William Mackay, George .Macleod, Alex. 
Mackay, John Mackay, Angus Mackay, Donald 
Mackay, William Mackay, Alexander Macdonald, 
Angus Mackay, Alexander Macdonald, Hugh Mac- 
kenzie, Robert Mackenzie, Robert Mackay, Angus 
Macleod, Hugh Mackay, Hugh Mackenzie, Donald 
Mackay, John Mackay, William Mackay, William 
Mackay, Hugh Mackay, Adam .Mackay, Angus 
Mackay, .Andrew Munro, Alexander Mackay, John 
Ross, John Beattie. 2.3rd Nov.— Donald Munro, 
Donald AVirach. 24th Nov. —John Mackay. 25th 
Nov. — Allan Buchanan, William Gunn, Donald 
Gunn. George Ma(ka\, Gcigc Mackav, Murdo 
Macdonald, William M:,rki,\, II ugh Morrison, Alex. 
.M'Raskle. D(.iiald IM.ickay. 1 M-..ige Matheson, Hugh 
^la^k,■ly. Dniiald M'Culloch, Alexander Mackay, 

.1,1 s .M.iikay, Angus Morrison, William Mackay, 

Dciial.l M i.d.'mald, Angus Morrison, Neil Mackay, 
Alexander Mackenzie, James Mackay, Hugh 
Macleod, .loliii .Morrison, John Mackay, Robert 
Macleod, Hugh Mackenzie, Murdo Macleod, William 
Morrison, George Morrison, John Morrison, Robert 
Mackay, Donald Macleod, Hugh Mackay, William 
Mackay, Hugh Mackay, John Ross. 2(jth Nov.— 
Robert Sutherland, Hector Gunn, Angus Mackay. 
27th Nov. — Alexander Cheshoin, John M'Leod, 
William Mackay, John Ross. 28th Nov. — John 
Mackay, Neil Macpherson, Donald Mackay, William 
]\Iacka"y, Murdo Mackay, George Macdonald, Hugh 
Mackay. 2yth Nov.— Murdo Mackay, Peter Camp- 
bell, William Mackay, Donald Macdonald. 1st 
Dec. — .Angus Campbell, Robert Calder, Hugh 
Campbell, Alexander Lyal, Donald Morrison, 
Donald Mackenzie, WillianiMorrison, John Mackay, 
George Mackay, George Munro, Peter Morrison, 
Donald Morrison, Kenneth Sutherland, John Wear. 
2nd Dec. — Thomas Hardie, Angus Munro, Alex. 
Munro. Hugh Mackay, Henry Anderson. 3rd 
Dec. — John Mackintosh, William Sutherland. 4th 
Dec. — Robert Campbell, James Dunn, Neil Mack- 
intosh, Donald ilackay, James .Mackay, Donald 
]M'Leod, William Mackay, James Mackay, Donald 
Mackintosh, Rf>bert Mackay, John Morrison, 
Rol>ert Mackenzie, George Sutherland, George 
Sutherland, Donald White. 5th Dec. — George 
Gibb, Jolm Budge, Samuel Cochran, Alexander 
Maclaren, John Morriscm, Donald Mackenzie, 
Robert .\Iackay, William Murray, Jolin Mackay, 
Roderick Morrison, Hugh Ross, William Suther- 
land, Hugh Sutherland, James Pringle. (ith Dec. — 
Neil Buchanan, Archibald Campbell, (ieorge 
Mackay, John Murray, Dcjuald JNlackay, Donald 
Mackay, Thomas Leay, John Reid, Alexander 
Sutherland, William Young. 7th Dec— John 
Bruce, Wdliam Muckle. IHli Dec. — James Beard, 
Richard Campbell, iMurdo .M'Leod, Hugh Mack- 
intosh, Charles .Alackay, John Macleod, William 
Macleod, Jolm M'Caul. 10th Dec— Donald 
Gordon, Charles Wilson. 11th Dec. — Roderick 
Mackay, James Mackay, Alexander Mackay, Donald 
Mackay. 13th Dec. — lolm Beard, Alexander 
Henderson, Robert Johnstone (2), William Suther- 
land. 15th Dec. — John Logan, John Menzie, Neil 



SI 



TIIK t'KLllC .MONTHLY, 



Macleod, Hugh Muckay, Donald Mackay, Hugh 
Mackay. IGth Dec. — George Campbell, Walter 
Douglas, Charles Murray, George M'Pherson, 
Lewis Mackay, James M'Leod. 1 7th Dec. — Robert 
Macpherson, Alexander Webster, William Mac- 
donald, George Ireland, Turnbull .Martin. 20th 
Dec. — Malcom Mackay, Walter Cami)bell. 21st 
Dec. — John M'Leod, George Hoiie, Hugh Munro. 
22nd Dec— John Tait, 2:!rd Dec. —James 
Trumble. 24th Dec. — Robert Allan, Kenneth 
Mackenzie, James Ramsay. 25th Dec. — James 
Anderson, Hugh Fraser, William Gunn, Murdo 
Mackintosh, Henry Beatson. 2Sth Dec. — Simon 
Fraser. 27th Dec. — William Gunn, William 
Hodge, William -Macleod. 29th Doc— Donald 
Urquhart, James Murray. 30th Dec. — Colin Camp- 
bell, John Mackay, Hugh Maclachlan, Robert 
Sutherland. 31st Dec. — John iI'Leod, Donald 
Ross. 1st Jan., 1795. — James Mitchell. 2nd 
Jan. — John M'Donald, John Morrison, Alexander 
Sutherland, John Weir. 3rd Jan. — James Beattie, 
Alexander Gunn. 4th Jan. — John M'Donald. 5th 
Jan. — William Gordon, John Halliday. 6th Jan. — 
George Innes, W'illiam Mackay, William Beard. 
8th Jan. — John M'Leay, George Mackay. !)th 
Jan. — David Ross, George Smith. 10th Jan. — 
Robert Aldie, Alexander Mackay. 12th Jan. — 
Robert Boyle, Daniel Douglas, Murdo M'Kenzie, 
John M'Leay. 14th Jan. — James Robi.son, Alex. 
Beatson, William Arden, John Murray, Jolin Mac- 
donald. 15th Jan. —John Urquhart, Adam Wallace. 
I8th Jan. — Archibald Fletcher, Ronald Macdonald. 
l!)th Jan. — James Banner. 21st Jan. — Robert 
Alackenzie, Joseph Smith. 22nd Jan. — George 
Simpson. 24th Jan. — Archibald Brooks, John 
Wilson, James Holmes. 2()th Jan. — James Cleland, 
William Mackay, Donald Henderson. 27th Jan. — 
James Neil, John Sutter. 28th Jan. — Hugh Logan, 
William Scott. 29th Jan.— William Dorsier. 30tli 
Jan. — Thomas Jones, Eason M'Laurin, Archibald 
Murdoch. 31st Jan. — John Morrison, James Sharp. 
2nd Feb. — James Gordon, Thomas Morrison, John 
M'Leod, David Rendle. 3rd Feb. — Joseph 
Badenoch, Peter Liddle, D(inald Murray, Moses 
Roffie, John Shelgrove, W^illiani Harris, John 
Gibson, James Harne. 4th Feb. —John M'Caira. 
(jtli Feb. — John .\dams, William Collins, John 
•M'Kenzie Uth Feb.— Archibald M'Aulay. 12th 
Feb. — .Vndrew Hardie, Norman Mackay. IGth 
Feb. — Walter Davidson, Donald Davidson, Daniel 
Thomson. 17th Feb. — Thomas Baine, William 
M'Laurin. 18th Feb.— William Wilson. I'Jth 
Feb. — James Edward, James Dcnham, Hector 
M'Ken/.ie, James Telford. 20th Feb. —John 
M'Donald. 2lst Feb. — Kenneth Cameron. 23rd 
Feb. — Francis Barclay, William M'Kunzie, Andrew 
Munro, Alexander M'Leod, David White. •24th 
Feb. — John Joyce, Thomas Shaw. '25tli Feb. — 
Alexander Knight. '2Gth Feb. — Abner Sutherland. 
27th Feb.— Malcom .M'Farlane. '28th Feb.— 
W'illiam Mackay, John .Mackay, William .Martin, 
John .Munro. 2nd .March. —George Henderson, 
Anu'us .M'Leod, Sutherland Munro, William 
M'Kenzie, John Sutherland, Hugh Sutherland, 
William Telford, Phili]. Tole. 3rd .March. — William 
Campbell, James Mitchel, John .Moll'at, John 
M'Donald, .\loxander Matheson, Jioderick .Mackay, 
Finlay M'Leod, David Urquhart. 4th March. — 
James Dcwart, Andrew Gibson, Alexander Suther- 



land. .5th March. — George Macka_v, William 
Russel. Otli March.— Robert Farms. 7th March.- 
George Holms. 8th .March. -John M'Kenzie. !Hh 
March. — William M'Leod. lOtli March. — James 
Greig, William King. lltli March. — Donald 
Henderson, John Mackay, Robert Mackay, Peter 
ShillingUiw. 13th March. — William Guiui. 14th 
March. — Alexander Aird, George Graham, David 
Munro. IGth March. — Malcom Gillies, George 
Matheson, William Ross. 18th March. — George 
Gordon, William Laing, Alexander Mackay, .Alex. 
Mills, Donald Gordon. 20th March.— William 
Grant, Hugh Mackay, James Mirillies, Neil Munro, 
William Hoss, James Russel. 21st March. — William 
Gordon, William Sutherland. 22nd March. — John 
M 'Lean. 23rd .March. — Donald Ross, John Suther- 
land, William Clark. 24tli .March. — John Gordon, 
William Miinloch, Alexander M.ackay, Angus 
Mackay. 25th March.— Roderick Henderson, 
Robert Mackay, Francis Webster. 2(jth March. — 
Edward Spalding. 27th March. — John Ferguson, 
Adam Mackay. 28th .March. — John .Mitchel. 30th 
March. — Hugh Calder. 1st April. — Alexander 
M'Lean. 2nd April. — Donald Slackay, Murdo 
Mackay, Donald Nicol. 3rd April. — John Cush, 
Andrew Russel. 4th April. — George M'Arthur, 
Hugh Ross, (itli Ajjril. — Angus Mackay, William 
Yoinig. 8th April. — Alexander Mackenzie, James 
Mackay, Alexander Sinclair. 9th April.^Tames 
Hamilton, Robert .-Mien. 10th April.— Donald 
M'Kenzie, John M'Lean. 11th April. — Donald 
Mackay. 14th April.— Hugh Campbell, Donald 
M'Kenzie, Alexander .Mackay. 15th April. — 
Robert Dannewell. l(jth April.' — John Mackay, 
Alexander D(mglas. 18th April. — James Panics. 
21st April. — John Murray. 23rd April. — Angus 
M'Leod, George Sutherland. 25th April. — John 
M'Leod, John M'Kenzie. 2Gth April. — -George 
M'Donald. 29th April.— William Mackay. 1st 
May.— Gilbert Sutherland. 2nd May.— Roderick 
M'Leod. 13th May. — George Grant, John Suther- 
land. 17th May. — Murdo Sutherland, John 
-M'Kenzie. 21st May— Donald Mackay. 28th 
May. — Hugh M'Leod. 2nd June. — James Munro, 
Alexander Mackay, John M'Leod, Angus Mackaj', 
Robert Mackay, John Mackay, Hugh Mackay, 
George Mackay, D(mald SutlKrIand, Donald Suther- 
land, Hector iMacKay, William Mackay, Holicrt 
Mackay, Alexander Morrison. 3rd June. — Hugh 
Mackay- 



Gaelic Mu.sical AssociATioN. — This association, 
which was recently started for the piu'pose of en- 
couraging the study of Gaelic music among lligli- 
landers in Glasgow, has already made excellent pro- 
gress. A large number of ladies and gentlemen have 
enrolled, and the practices have been well attended. 
The association meets for practice in the Waterloo 
Kooms every Wednesday evening at 8, and everyone 
interested in Gaelic music is cordially invited to 
attend. A social meeting has been arranged for 
Wednesday, 2Uth December, and a public concert will 
be given towaids the end of the season. The follow- 
ing otlicc-bearcrs have been appointed; — President, 
John Mackay, editor, Celtic Munthlij ; secretary, John 
Mackintosh, 123 St. Vincent Street; treasurer. Miss 
M, .\. Mackechnie, and a committee of ladies and 
gentlemen. 




SURGEON-MAJOR J. MACGREGOR, M.D. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE WR HIGHLANDER. 



Edi^od by JOMN w.irKAY. t^'^'i^ston. 



No. 5. Vol. II.] 



FEBRUARY, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 



SURGEON-MAJOR J. MACGREGOR, M.D. 



^J^&. MONG the many HigLlaiul Scots who 
(p^i have helped to shed hi.sti'e on their uative 
-£:-''Sk hiud by distiLguished service abroad will 
be found the name of Surgeon -Major Joiin 
MacOregor, M.D., a native of Saudwick Hill, 
near Stoi'noway, where he was born in 18-18. 
lie was educated first at the Storuoway Free 
Church School, and afterwards at the University 
of Glasgow, which he entered in 1866. Like 
many other devoutly-inclined Highland lads of 
his generation, his first thoughts were towards 
the ministry of the Gospel, his aspirations in 
that direction being strengthened by the early 
deaths of thi'ee of his brothers, two of whom 
had been lost at sea. But a feeling of com- 
parative unfitness and self-distrust led him sub- 
sequently to study for medicine, in which he 
graduated M.B. and CM. iu 1873, after a 
highly creditable career at school and college. 
We find him afterwards occupying successively 
the post of Medical Oflicer of Harris, of the Penin- 
sular and Oriental Company, and of Morven. In 
187-5 he resolved to compete for the Army or 
Navy ; and by the toss of a shilling on the 
London pavement iu favour of the ludian 
Medical Service the fate of his future career was 
decided. Early iu 1876 he passed his examina- 
tions first or second in all subjects with one 
exception. After the usual course he went out 
to India with special recommendation to the 
Government of Bombay for professional abilities. 
In 1880 Surgeon MacGregor received the 
degree of M.D., the subject of his thesis being 
the Medical Topiyrapliy of the Barren Rocks of 
Aden. He was now fairly started on his career 
in the East, where he might be found acting in 
vaiious capacities, and always with credit. He 
was for a while Civil Surgeon of Aden ; after- 
wards Surgeon to the European General Hospital, 
and Professor of Materia Medica, Bombay, &c. 
At this time we were engaged in the Afghanis- 



tan War, on the scene of which he ap[)eared, 
but too Uxte to see much active service there. 
A genuine taste of actual war, howeve]', he did 
enjoy in the late war in U|)per Burmah, where 
lie was for a long time the Senior Medical Officer 
with the Frontier Brigade at Bhamo, on the 
remote inland borders of China. Surgeon-Major 
MacGregor was here continually on the move 
with troops, and on two different occasions had 
his horses killed under him in action. Many in 
Burmah who knew and valued his services 
hoped he would be tlie recipient of the Victoria 
Cross ; but though these hopes were not realised 
he was mentioned in despatches, and when the 
war was ovei' he received a medal and two 
clasjis. 

After thiiteen years' continuous service iu the 
East Dr. MacGregor took furlough in 1889; 
and instead of taking the direct route to Storno- 
way he started on a somewhat lengthy wan- 
dering voyage round the world, whicii occupied 
thirteen months of his time, and yielded abun- 
dant satisfaction to his natural love of travel. 
The accompanying portrait represents him in 
Highland dress at the time of starting from 
India on this tour, during which he had one or 
two narrow escapes. He arrived at the British 
shores in the Litii of Paris, which was nearly 
lost, in 1890. 

Throughout his whole career Dr. ]Mac(jregor 
has preserved undulled his native Highland 
spirit — Gaelic, Scotland, Scots aud the Aluses 
being the fond objects of his inexhaustible de- 
votion. The clan that was " nameless by day " 
has in him a son that regards the name with 
almost worshipful awe and veneration. Only 
rare spirits kindred to himself could sympathise 
with his feeling as he knelt at the grave of Rob 
Roy. The gorgeous shrines of Eastern lands 
had no charms for him such as he found at the 
last resting-place of -'Rob Roy MacGregor." 
A Highlander of this type is really something of 
a born poet; anil for Dr. MacGi'egor to pour 
forth poetic thought and feeling in proi^ or 
verse is as natural as it is for the lark of his 
uative isle to soar aud sing. So iu 1890 we are 
not surprised to find a long narrative poem from 
his ijen — Tlie Girdle of the Globe — which was 



86 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



well received by conijjetent critics, followeil in 
1892 by a handsome volume in prose, called 
I'oil and Travel, descriptive of his own jiersonal 
wanderinfjs. But what will inteicst Ilii^hlanders 
most is the tact that he has ri'iiiaincd all along 
an assiduous worshii>|)er of the Gaelic muse, as 
will be evident from a song in the next issue, 
and that we may ex^)ec't a volume of Gaelic 
poetry from his pen at no distant date. 

Surgeon-Major MacGregor is a member of 
various institutions and societies, such as 
the Briti.sh Medical Association, the Society 
of Authors, a life-member of the Clan Gregor 
Society, &c. ; while as an euthusia.stic brother 
of the " mystic tie " he has advanced tt) the 
position of Grand Master of (^eremonies of 
all Scottish Freemasonry in India. He is in 
full sympathy with the Crofter Movement at 
home; and although at present, or until re- 
cently, in medical charge of the "iOth Regiment 
Bombay Infantr}', and Senior Medical Officer of 
the Nawraba \. Command, we may any day 
hear of his arrival home with the retiring rank 
of Surgeon-Colonel. Indeed, by the time the 
reader is glancing over this page the subject of 
it " will probably be found wandering on the 
top of a camel through the ancient kingdom of 
Nebuchadnezzar." N. MacNeill. 

Camden Town, London. 



SHOTTY DOOLT'S COURTSHIP. 



By Rkil) Tait. 




(Continued f I- um ptu/e G3). 

E stayed 
and talked 
to M r s. 
Cameron for a 
while and then 
took hisdei)arture, 
looking wistfully 
at Ailsa's bright 
head as s li e 
bent industi'iously 
over her work, 
hardly troubling 
to raise her ejes 
when she wished 
him good night. 

But ti'iiublous 
times came now to 
A i 1 s a and her 
m other; M r s. 
AiLBA CAMERON. CanuMon was 

taken ill. She and her daught(M- supported 
theni.selves with knitting and fancy woik, and 
now Ailsa had little time for the knitting, her 
mother requiring her whole attention. They 



had a small sum of money in the bank, and they 
had to live on that. Mrs. Cameron suffered a 
great deal, and could not eat the coarse food to 
which they were accustomed, so Ailsa had to 
procure better, and looked at their diurmishing 
store with a heavy heart. Shotty came daily lo 
see them, with gifts of tish or eggs, sometimes 
game, alwaj's something, for the invalid. Ailsa 
grew to like to hear his pleasant, manly voice ; 
and as for her muther, she looked for his coming 
as if he had been a sou. 

At length came the crisis in Mrs. Cameron's 
complaint, and Shottj' advised a physician from 
the neighbouring town. 

" We cauna afford it, Shotty," said Ailsa, 
mournfully. Then he pressed to be allowed to 
pay the fee himself, but Ailsa still hesitated. 

A thought seemed to strike him 

" You needna be feared, Ailsa," he said, ear- 
nestly, " that I'll be wantin' either fee or reward 
for this. No reward I'll want, lassie, but what 
you gi'e me of your ain free will." 

The girl looked up at him, and seeing the 
honest soul that looked through his eyes, his 
face seemed transfigured to her. It had a 
nobility and strength about it that far trans- 
cended mere regularity' of feature, and she felt 
an odd inclination to lay her head down on his 
broad breast and weep. But she resisted this, 
and when Shotty had gone on his way rejoicing 
with the required permission, she said to herself, 
in reference to that momentary inclination — 

" Guid sakes ! I must be gaein' doited wi' a' 
the troubles." 

The physician came, an operation was ]ier- 
formed, and there was a i}i-ospect that Mrs. 
Cameron would soon be getting about again, 
and all was joy at the little cottage. 

Shotty came every day still, but that was all 
he did to further his courtship. Ho said not a 
word of love to Ailsa, though sometimes his 
heart was filled with gladness when he saw she 
welcomed him more kindly, and seemed to look 
upon him as a friend. 

" Have ye heard the news, Shotty ? " ei]i|uiri'd 
Mrs. Inkster, in the little tobacco shop, as she 
was serving him with his customary allowance 
of that article. 

" What 'n news? " he asked. 

"Have ye no heard it, then! Wlia but 
Donald Eraser is comin' hame wi' liis pockets 
full o' money to marry Ailsa Cameron. There'll 
be a line, gran' weddin', I expec'." 

If Mrs. Inkster hoped to see any change in 
Shotty she was disappointed. He was not one 
to wear his heart on his sleeve, and he looked 
at her with an impassive face. 

" Aye, I ilaursay," he said, carelessly, and 
went out. 

But, if his face was impassive, his heart was 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



87 



not ; it was beating wildly. At first he did not 
believe this news, but he met two or three more 
people before he reached his cottage and they 
were all full of it. Donald Fraser was not only 
coming home, but coming home that very night. 

It was Saturday night, but Shotty went out 
no more, but sat thinking. He rememliered 
how handsome Donald Fraser was, and wondered 
if .\ilsa cared for him still. He remembered 
how, although she was not one to show grief 
at such a thing, the colour had deserted her 
cheek and the light had left her eye for a time 
after Donald had forsaken her, and how much 
the sight had pained him. She had got over 
that long ago, but still Shotty doubted if the 
old love would not revive again. 

He went to church in the morning as usual, 
and heard that Donald had arrived, and was as 
fine looking as ever, and much grander, " wi' a 
gold watch and chain and a power o' money in 
the bank." He also heard that he was now a 
second mate with a " certificate." 

Shotty debated within himself whether he 
should go as usual to the Camerons' cottage 
this Sunday afternoon ; he hesitated about it, 
but finally resolved that he would. When he 
got near the gate he saw someone standing at 
the door, and recognised Donald Fraser himself. 
He looked bright and gay, with a most satisfied 
air, a flower in the button-hole of his spruce 
blue suit, and a fine felt hat on his head, like the 
hats worn by none but the gentry around. A 
pain struck Shotty's heart, which deepened when 
he saw Ailsa open the door with a smile <jn her 
face, and he turned round and went back 
home. 

If he had only known it, that smile was for 
himself. Ailsa had bolted the door that after- 
noon, because something had gone wrong with 
the latch, and it would not keep " snecked," and 
had run to open it, thinking it was Shotty. 
When she saw who it really' was, the smile 
soon faded. 

Donald Fraser had come back to the girl he 
had deserted, having no doubt but that she 
would be glad to have him return. He had 
tired of the girl in the South. She was not 
nearlj' so pretty as Ailsa, but she had talked 
the English so " genteely," and she was always 
dressed (she was a dressmaker) in silks and 
velvets. She could also play (vilely, but Donald 
did not understand music) on the piano, and 
these things, combined with her most undis- 
guised preference for himself, had flattered 
Donald's vanity, and he had preferred her to 
his old love. But he discovered that she had 
a temper, that she was of a jealous and e.xacting 
dispositicjn, so he had weaned of her, and re- 
solved to come home and marry Ailsa and take 
her back with him. 



But Mr. Donald Fraser had a good deal yet 
to learn, and he learned some of it that after- 
noon. 

Shotty, however, did not know this, and he 
carried a sore and aching heart home with him. 

" I'm no the kiml to take a lass's fancy," he 
said to himself as he sat by his solitary fireside. 
" It's no meant for me," and the fire looked 
blurred and indistinct to poor Shotty's eyes just 
then. Still he did not give u}) hope. 

" I'll see her at the kirk to-night," lie thought, 
"and then she'll ha'e to choose between us." 

One of the neighbours always sat with Mrs. 
Cameron, while Ailsa went to church on Sunday 
evenings, and Shotty was there early. He saw 
her come in in her neat grey dress and bonnet, 
and thought she looked as sweet as the May- 
blossom outside or. the hedges. Donald Fraser 
was there also, gold watch and all, and Shotty 
noticed he looked often and long at Ailsa. She 
took no notice of anyone, but sat with reverent 
face and gazed up at the old, white-haired 
niiuistei', as he preached to thorn as he had thjne 
almost every Sunday of her life. 

Shotty was determined to join her when 
church was over, and he thought he would soon 
be able to tell whether she wanted him or not. 
Unfortunately-, this plan was upset, for as he 
was coining out, Mrs. Todd's Maysie, who was 
a great friend of his, tumbled down before him, 
and he was obliged to pick her up. The child 
put her fat arms around his neck and asked to 
be carried, but, to her surprise and wondering 
resentment, Shotty for once refused to accede to 
her request, and left her hurriedly. But this 
had detained him, and he arrived just in time to 
see Ailsa joined by Donald Fraser, and both 
walk off together. 

Then Shotty gave it up, and went home, pic- 
turing to himself Donald and Ailsa walking arm- 
in-arm over t'ue breezy hills, with the fragrant 
breath of spring pilaj'ing over them, and setthng 
when the " gran' weddin' " was to be. 

Shotty walked up and down his kitchen floor, 
muttering to himself, 

" I could a borne it better if it had come 
when I had nae hope," he murmured. 

Sometimes he felt a wild longing to do his 
rival some mischief, he felt as if he could have 
shaken the life out of hini with pleasure ; as if 
he could not restrain his passion if left to him- 
self. 

Then, with the simple faith often found in 
these northern fishermen, bred up in it from 
their childhood, he fiung himself on his knees. 

It was with no meek submission that Shotty 
prayed at first. He supplicated eagerly, even 
fiercely, that this trial miglit be taken away from 
him. 

(To be concludal). 



ss 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 



Bv Malcolm MacFaklane. 



Continued from page G4. 

7. Fear Ciiul-charn — Maid of Isla. I am 
glad to be able to testify to Knockie's correct- 
ness in this instance. A friend from Easter 
Ross having whistled what I felt to be a Gaelic 
tune in my hearing, I en(iuired its name, and 
ex]jressed a wish to have it. He told me it was 
Fear Cliul-charn ; and between us we wrote it 
down. I give it here, and the reader will see 
that it is a marching set of "The Maid of 
Isla." 

fear cuul-ciiarn. 
Key D. 

Id :n.s|n : ~|s :l.s!n : — 
Id :n.s|n : — |1 :s |r : — 
Id : n.sin : — |s :l.sln : — 
Id : n ., s I n — | 1 ., t : d' .,1 | s .n : r 

I d'.,r':d' .,1 1 s .,1 : s .,n | d' .,r' : d' .,1 1 s .n : r 
|d'.,r':d'.,l|s.,l:s.,n | 1 .,t:d'.,l |s.n:r|| 

8. An Caimbeulach dubh — Roy's Wife. Also 
called " The Ruffian's Rant." 

9. Robaidh donn gorach (or Robaidh tha tliu 
g6rach) — Daft Robin. To this air, or variants 
of it, are sung, in Scotland " Todlin' hame," 
"My ain fireside," "Johnnie Armstrong," " Earl 
Douglas's Lament," " Carronside," " The Maid 
of Seluia," and "The days o' Langsyne" (not 
"Auld Langsyne"); in Ireland, "The lame 
yellow beggar,'' " The wild geese," " Bonnie 
Portmore," " The boys of Kilkenny," and the 
beautiful and popular '' The meeting of the 
waters ; " while in the Highlands, as far as I 
know, we have only Na laithewi a dli' aom and 
A' Clmairt Shamraidh. 

10. lonbhar Calla — Tibbie, lass, I've seen 
the day (Burns). The tune is often named 
" Invercauld's reel." 

11. A h-uile taobh a sheideas gaoth — Of a' 
the airts the win' can blaw (Burns). That the 
Gaelic and English ntunes translate one another 
is suspicious. At the .same time, it is admitted 
on all hands that the tune is a northern one, 
having been perfected by Marshall, by whom it 
wa.s named " Miss Admiral Gordon's Strath- 
spey." Its simplest form is that associated 
with "The Lowlands of Holland." I have met 
in some book the Gaelic equivalent of this name, 
but cannot recall which. The Irish have a song 
of the same name, but the music ditlers. 

12. Braigh a' bhadain — Coming thro' the 
Craigs of Kyle. This tune is in Brcmner's 
Collection, 1764. It is better known as '• Owre 
the muir amang the heather." 

13. Bailc nan Granndach — Green grow the 



rashes. I have seen a claim to this tune put 
forward for Ulster. But as Scottish tunes are 
naturally common there, its claim loses much of 
its force. The times attached to Orange songs 
are mostly Scottish. Indeed, it may be here 
noticed tiiat " Boyne Water " is most probably 
a Scottish tune. It occurs in various forms in 
connection with the following songs : — " When 
the King comes owre the water," " The wee, wee 
German Lairdie," " To daunton me," " Lady 
Keith's Lament," and theid shin (see Mac- 
bean's " Songs of the Gael "). 

14. A h-uile fear a Muideart — Wat ye wha's 
in yon town. To this air are also " I'll aye ca' 
in by yon town," and " I'll gang nae mair tae 
yon town." It appears in Gunn's pipe music 
collection under the name, Cha teid mi Jein a 
cheilidh. 

15. An gille dubh mo laochan — Is there for 
honest poverty. There is in the style of this 
tune evidence sufficient to establish its claim to 
be Gaelic. Beyond this, however, a variant of 
the air is found attached to a song called 
" Donald Couper," preserved in Playford's 
Dancing Master, 1657. Again, in a poem by 
Cleland, on the Highland Host, about 1679, 
the following quotation occurs : — 

" Trumpets sounded, skenes were glancing ; 
Some were Donald Couper dancing." 

But primitive as the music of " Donald Couper " 
is, '' For a' that " is much more Gaelic in style. 
In some parts of the Highlands Mo nigliean dubh 
tha boidheach dubh is sung to the air. 

16. Nighean donn a' chota bhuidhe — Lassie 
wi' the yellow coatie. These names translate 
each other. Rob Donn has a song, the chorus 
of which includes these words : — 

" A nigh'neig a' chota bhuidhe, 
Dean do shuidhc cuide riuni." 

1>. R. Mackinnon, Gaelic comic vocalist, .sings a 
song with a similar refrain, somewhat after the 
following fashion : — 

NIGIIEAN DONN a' CIIOTA lillUIDIlK. 

Kky a. 

S| ., lilsi ., li : d ., r 

Iduu a' cliuta bhuidhe. 



.li|S| .Si 
A I nigheiui 

In ., d 
b,\in do 



f ., ri r ., d : 1, ., 

sluiiiUic cuiilu riuiii ; 

d IS| .Si ; s, ., 1,1 Si .,1, : d ., r 

A Inighoau ihnui :i'|cliotu lihiiidln^, 

In ., d : s ., nir : d . 11 

I Doau do 8hiiidlie{ lamh rium. || 

The air given in Maver's collection differs from 
the above. It has, nevertheless, iioints of resem- 
blance, and would go better to Rob Dona's 
words than to the above. 

(y'u be continued). 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



89 



CLAN COLQUHOUN FIRST ANNUAL SOCIAL GATHERING. 




Dedicated to Sir James Colqufiolin, Bart., of 

LUSS AND COLQUHOUN, ChIEF OF THE ClAN. 



Oh ! tinkle ye bells o'er the top of Ben Lomond, 
And jubilant ring o'er the land of Colquhoun ; 

A gathering and union of hearts at the gloaming 
Commences to-morrow till next day at noon. 

The lad and the lass of the clan and its chieftain, 
In tartan array to the music of yore. 

Will dance till the heart is as light as a fountain, 
And harmony runs like a stream from its core. 

The hearts never met before till this meeting 
Cemented will be in a high, loving bond ; 

The night will be one of such fondness and greeting, 
As only can match with the regions beyond. 

All one name, what a scene, and a curtain behind it. 
Revealing the past, to our strange, wondering eye ! 

Let present and future blend with it and bind it 
To hearts full of hope, and to minds mounting 
hiyh. 



For the glory, Colqulioun, is a treasure su happy, 
Unique in the annals in name or of clan, 

That each when they meet o'er a wee drop of nappy 
Is proud o't as ever can be mortal man. 



John Hamilton Colquhoun. 



28th December, 1893. 



The Clan Colquhoun So(;ibty. — The first social 
gathering of this society was held in the Waterloo 
Rooms, on Friday, 29th December. In the absence 
of the chief. Sir James ( 'olquhoun of Luss, Bart., 
who was seriously ill, Mr. H. Colquhoun Hamilton, 
M.A., LL.B., hon. secretary, occupied the chair, and 
delivered a most imstruotive address on the history of 
the clan, and referred to many notable men of the 
clan name. The Lord Provost of (jlasgow (whose 
mother was a Colquhoun), Dr. Colquhoun, and Mr. 
Walter Menzies, also delivered interesting addresses. 
A very attractive programme of song and music was 
successfully carried through, and altogether the first 
social meeting of this, the latest clan society, was an 
oueouraging success. An assembly followed. 



90 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



By Ch^u!les Fiuser- Mackintosh, F.S A. (Scot). 

Part III. — (continued finm pni/e 6f^). 
Mff[AMES MACDONALD took sasine at 
'^vL the Castle of Mingarrv of the lands of 
^^' Ai'dnamurchan on 7th JainuuT, 1551 
(the date is en-oneously given as 1550), the 
■witnesses being Angus Mak Conn ail, John vie 
Aonas llacht, Archibald Stewart, Sir Alexander 
Mak Ahster, rector of Kihuore, Farchard .Mak- 
kay, Duiiean-\ic-Yvar-dubh, LaehlauBan, Finlay- 
Hiaol -iic-lvobau', and Mr. Cornelius Omeyght, 
dean of Ivintyre — a goodly Ust of Highland 
names and patronymics. The Dean of Ivintyre 
wrote and was witness to many of the writs 
connected with the Argyles and Macdoualds, 
and I observe in the On'i/ines Pwocliiiihs Scotia', 
he is sometimes called Omay, sometimes Omey. 
In the sasine, which is \witteu by him and also 
signed, he describes himself as Master of Arts 
and Clerk of Lismore. 

In 15iS, -Master Cornelius Omey was pre- 
sented by C^ueen Mary as rector of Ivildaltou. 
In 1550 he is rector of Kilberry, and at a later 
f)eriod parson of Kilblane, dying prior to 1580, 
for in that year Donald Campbell is joresented 
to the parsonage, vacant bj' the death of Master 
Cornelius Omay. 

I do not find in the Kilmore lists the name 
of the before mentioned rector, who was prob- 
ably son or grandson of that Charles Mak 
Alexander who, in 1481, received the a2:)point- 
ment of steward of Kintyre. 

It will be observed that one of the witnesses 
is called John, son of Angus, the Isla man. 
The name of Isla has ever had a strong hold 
on its inhal)itants, and the feeling is chei'ishcd 
at this day perhaps more warmly than ever. 
The very word, uttered in a strange land in 
Gaehc, with that soft plaintive accent peculiar 
to Islanders of the West, goes straight to the 
heart. When the old Lords of the Isles were 
independent, Isla in its Gaelic form was their 
favourite; title, and down to their extinction in 
the person of John, last Lord of the Isles and 
Earl of lioss. their primary title was " de He," 
or " Yle " 'I'hat it was in the Gaelic form, 
rather than in English or Latin, is worth 
noticing, and gratifuug to Highlanders and 
Islanders. Youuger sous were styled "de 
Insulis," and " Ilhs." 

The next document which I have is the dis 
charge for the price of Ardnamurchan, which, 
in 172.5, was divided into thirty-one tuw-nships, 
ui the aggregate value of 152 pennies, whereof 
Mingarry was valued at sLx jjeunies, and Urm- 
saigbeg, or The Point, at five pemiies. Of 



these thirty-one, three consisted of two 'tene- 
ments, \'iz. : — Clash and Ai'tli'iminisli. Daul and 
Gortaneorn, Ardtoe and W'aterfoot. The dis- 
charge is as follows, the spelling being modern- 
ised : — " NN'e, Archibald, Eai'l of Argyle. Lord 
Campbell and Lome, &c., &c.. grant us to have 
received by the hands of James yiak Coueill of 
Dunyvaig and Glenns, the sum of one thousand 
merks usual money of Scotland, in complete 
payment of his heritable infeftment made by 
us to him and his hehs, of all and haill the four 
score merk lands of old extent of Ardnamur- 
chan. with their pertinents heritably, of the 
which Sinn in comjilete payment as said is, we 
hold us well content and paid, and quit claim 
and discharges the said James Mak C'onoll and 
his heirs and all others whom it affects for 
now and ever. By this our wiiting, subscribed 
with our hand, our signet is affixed at Stirling 
the 17th day of February, the year- of (iod 
1551 years, before these witnesses — Hector 
Maclean of Duart, Archibald Campbell of 
Clachane, Master Neil Campbell, parson of 
Kilmartyne, Thomas Grahame of Boquhoplo, 
and John Grahame of Bociuhople, and others 
diverse. (Signed A., Erie of Argyle)." This 
designation of the two Grahames brings us 
very close to that given by Sir Walter Scott to 
one of his minor characters. '■ The Laird of 
Balmawhopple.'' The above-mentioned Neil 
Campbell appears to have been vicar of lul- 
martin in 151:1, also dean of Lochowe, and to 
have been succeeded as rector or j^ai'son in 
1553 by the well known John Carsewell, created 
in 155G Bishop of the Isles, and, after the 
Beforuiatiou. Superintendent of Argyle and 
the Isles, bv courtesy still called Bishop of the 
Islea 

The old possessors of Ardnamurchan, the 
Maclains, derived from John '■ Sprangaich," 
youngest son of Angus Mor, Lord of the Isles, 
this John's sou Angus being the first pro- 
prietor. Four generations apparently bring 
us to the John Mac Iain who was rewarded 
with great possessions for the capture of Sir 
John Cathauach, as jireviously mentioned. He 
did not enjoy his estates long, and being at- 
tacked by Sir Donald of Lochalsh for the jJut- 
ting to death of Sir Alexander of lioclialsh, the 
warfare lasted fidm I51() to 1518. Mac Iain 
was expelled from Ardnannu'chan in 1517, the 
Castle of Mingarry ra/.etl to tbe ground, and 
in 1518 Mac Iain and his two sons, John and 
Angus, were slain in Morveru. Mariot, 
daugliter of John Mac lain, was served heir to 
him in 15;iS, and two years after Ardnamur- 
chan fell into the hands of the Earl of Argyle ; 
who in 1550 alit iiated it as above to James 
Macdovvald, and the grant w^as continued the 
same year by Queen Mary. lu the old castle 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



91 



many important gatherings took place. In 
1493 (25th October), James IV. held his Com-t 
and granted a charter ; and he was again there 
on 18th ALav, 1495. The subsequent history 
of jSIingarry Castle, iucluduig a notice of the 
last Mac lains, who found their tinal resting- 
place in Badenoch, will be t;iven later. A 
sketch of the castle as in 1734 is here given, 




o/ca 

and it is hoped that the intended jjier will be 
in harmony with present surroundings. 

In the titles to Ardnamurchau, the destina- 
tion was limited to James Macdunald and the 
heirs male of his bodj', whom failiug. to revert 
tu the Earl of Argyle and as this prevented a 
sale, Archibald, the 5th Earl of Argyle, granted 
license to James to sell the lauds, the pur- 
chasers to hold oif the Eai'l on the same foot- 
ing. This is the next dociunent in date I have, 
and is endorsed, " License given by the Earl 
of Ai-gyle to sell the lands of Ardnamurchan," 
and is dated at Glasgow, 16th January, 15G3, 
the witnesses being Sir Colin Camijbell of 
Buquhane, Knight ; Dugald Campbell of Auch- 
inbreck, Niuian Stuart of KUchattan, and 
William Heyart, notary. Sir Colui Camjjell of 
Boquhan was the Earl's brother and successor ; 
the Campbells of Auchinbreck are afterwards 
referred to under date 1603 ; and Niuian 
Stuart was no doubt Cadet of Bute, who held 
the lands of Ivilchattan and others in the parish 
of Kiiigarth, South Liute. 

James -Macdonald. in the year 1559, got the 
gift of the marriage of Mary Macleod, the 
wealthy heiress of Dunvegau, but, like other 
good things, it ultimately fell into the hands of 



Argyle, Archibald, 4th Earl of Argyle, who 
had always befriended James Macdonald, died 
in 1558, and his successor, Archibald, 5th Earl, 
followed in this respect ui his father's footsteps. 
In his pubhc career, however, though his 
father had been a steady supporter of the 
policy of the Queen Regent, he threw in his 
whole mfluence with the Lords of the Congre- 
gation, became a leading Reformer and a prune 
fiivourite notwithstanding his incontinent 
habits, with the prominent clergy of the new 
order. James Macdonald was in possession of 
an immense estate. He jiurchased, in loS-t, 
the office of Toiseachdor of all Kiutyre from 
-Macneill of Gigha; in 1558, all his charters 
and ancient writs which had been destroyed in 
time of war were renewed; in 1560, he received 
the Bailiary of South Argyle; in 1562 Queen 
Mary leased him several lands; in 1563, he 
was infeft iu lands in Uist, under agreement 
with Ferchar-vic Allister of Skirrieheugh ; and, 
in 1564, he received a charter which included 
the Mull t>f Kintyre, His chief misfortune was 
a violent feud with the ^Macleans regarding the 
Rhinus of Isla, which began in 1562 and con- 
tinued until James's death. The Privy Council, 
iu December, 1563, determined in favour of 
James, but Maclean was dissatisfied, and, iu 
1565, both parties were bound down, imder a 
penalty of ten thousand poiuids each, to abstain 
from hostihties. 

James JNIacdonald was so actively engaged 
in Scotland that his affairs iu Ireland were 
looked to by, and the ownership practically 
given over to his j'ouugest brother, Sorley 
Buie, a man of great energy, who not only 
maintained po.ssessiou of the family estates, 
liiit added thereto by the e.xpulsiuu of the Mac- 
Qiiillins from the Route of Antrim. Troubles 
arose, however. Shane O'Neill c[uarrelled with 
his father, with the English, and with the 
Scottish settlers, who desired to remain neutral. 
Sorley, driven to extremities, called for the 
assistance of his brother James, who arrived La 
Ireland with a lai'ge force. The Macdonalds 
were completely defeated, and both brothers 
taken prisoners. This occurred on the 2nd 
May, 1565, and James was confined in Castle 
Corcke, near Strabane. James Macdonald's 
release on ransom was demanded by Queens 
Mary and Elizabeth and the Earl of Argyle, 
but in vain ; and, dj'ing shortly, the universal 
belief was that he was murdered by order of 
O'Neill. James's death was much regretted 
in the thi-ee kingdoms. Of him the Four 
^Masters say "that the death of this gentleman 
was generally Ijewailetl ; he was a pai'agon of 
hospitality and prowess ; a festive man of many 
troops ; a bountiful and mumticent man. His 
peer was not to be found at that time among 



92 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the Clan Donncll of Lreland or Scotland, and 
his own peojilo would not have deemed it too 
much to pive his weij^ht in S'>1<1 for his ransom, 
if he could have been ransomed." 

Prior to the accession of James VL, the 
EngUsh were exceedingly jealous of the 
presence of the Scots in Ulster, holding that 
they could not he subjects of two kingdoms. 
This o'ljection in time ceased, and Sorley 
Buie. after two years' captivity, was restored to 
freedom, maintained his own against all comers, 
and. declaring his hitention of remaining in 
Ireland, made his peace ^^•ith Elizabeth. In 
158G, he was assured in all his lauds, his fom-th 
son. Reginald, who ultimately succeeded, being 
created Earl of Antrim. James's widow, 
known as Lady Kintvre, married Torlogh 
O'Neill, afterwards Earl of Tyrone, and her 
daughter, lueen, married Sir Hugh O'Donuell 
of Donegal. Their object was to strengthen 
the claim of James Macdonald's family to 
their ancient estate, which Sorley Buie, after 
being released, (ju the slaughter of Shane 
O'Neill, claimed as his own. Both ladies are 
highly spoken of. Lady Kintn'e was willing 
to marry O'Neill, " pro^^ded she and her sons 
might enjoy the iuhei-itance that her late 
husband and liis ancestors held in Ireland for 
seven generations ; but if not. then as long as 



any of the clan hved, their title to these lands 
would never be relin(iiiished, or undefended." 
And, again, that she was '■ a grave, wise, well- 
spoken lady, both in Scots, EugHsh, and 
French, and well mannered." Of her daughter, 
Lady O'Donuell, known as '"Lieen dubh," that 
''she possessed the heart of a hero, and the 
mind of a warrior. " 

The English did not desire the success of 
either Sorley Buie or of James's children, and 
fomented all quarrels, imtU at length Sorley 
Buie was practically left ui possession. The 
various steps taken by him and his successor 
to establish themselves permanently in Antrim 
are fuU of iuterest. but outside the general 
scope of these papers. It appears rather hard 
that James's death assisting his brother should 
have been the cause of the family losing their 
Irish estates. 

Differences continued at a later period be- 
twixt the Antrims and Angus, 8th of Isla, but 
in the end friendly intercourse subsisted, and 
a close alliance betwixt the former and 
Donald Gorme of Sleat, and other heads of 
■ Scottish Macdonalds. James had at least two 
sons — Archibald and Angus — who survived, 
and, dj-iug in 15G5, was succeeded by his eldest 
son, AJ-chibald. 

{To be coulinui-'l.) 




TOMBSTONE OF .\XGt'S SIACDON.VLD, LORD OF TillC ISI.KS, IX lOXA. 



ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

D. R. 0., Artli-ishaig. — We will coiniminicati; willi 
you in a few days We are giving due effect to your 
wislie.s. 

Donald MacDonald, New York, U.S.A. — Tiie 
sketch has now come to hand. We will try and find 
room for it in our next issue. 

.1. Mackenzie, London. — Sorry about tlie nds- 
nnderstanding. Try anil let us have tlie matter in 
good time for next number. 

Miss Li/.zie Cook, Cambridge. — Please accept our 
he.sl thanks for the e.\cellent drawing of the ancient 
Celtic cross at Kcay. Sometime soon we may give 
an engraving of it in thi^ Muidlilij. 



"Ben Reay," Germany. — Your letter will appear 
in next iss\ie, with engraving of the colours of the 
" Reay Fencibles." 

Bound Copies of Volume I. 

This h;ind:*i)i]ie volume, ccinsisling of 1112 pages, 
and containing some fifty lil'e-hke portraits of well- 
known Highlanders, and other illustrations, can now 
be had bound in cloth, with gilt lettering, at 4s. post 
free, or in fine, strong leather, 5s. 6cl. post free. 

This valuable volume is specially suitable to send 
as a present to a lligldand friend, or as a prize in 
schools in the Highlands. 

.\s only a few copies can bo had. those who wish 
the volume should apply at once to the Editor, Celtic 
M'liitlilil, 17 Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgow. 



I'HE CELTIC MONl'lll.Y 



93 



ALEXANDER M'GRIGOR. 

Hon. yECKETARY, OlAN (JliKGOR Sot'lKTY. 

l^eyjSR JOHN HILL BURTON, the his- 
VapKfp torian, in his history of the proceedings 
^'aL against the Clan Grej^or, states that it 
was not till the year 1775 that the opproliriura 
thrown on the name was removed by Act of 
Parliament, and he adds that, singularly enough, 
the clan, which 
was the only 
one to whom 
it was at one 
time prohibit- 
ed to convene 
in numbers ex- 
ceeding four at 
a time, was, at 
the date on 
which he wrote, 
the one High- 
land clan which 
strove to keep 
up its ancient 
ties and assem- 
ble together in 
a body in the 
shape of a 
Society. 

Tlie Clan 
Gregor Society 
which he re- 
ferred to was 
founded on 
Friday, the 
13th Decem- 
ber, 1822. At 
first, and for 
many years 
after its foun- 
dation, its pur- 
poses were 
purely educa- 
tional, and dur- 
ing its early 
years it diil 
excellent work 
in that direc- 
tion, many of 

the name of MacGregor greatly owing their 
success in life to help given them by the Society 
when they were struggling to raise themselves 
from a humble position. Its aims are now, 
however, widened to suit the exigencies of the 
times, and its purposes at present include be- 
sides education, charity, and also a provident 
scheme for assisting members of the Society to 
insure their lives by endowment policies. 

We this month give the portrait of the 




present Honoi'ary Secretary of the Society, Mr. 
Alexander M'Grigor of Cairnoch, Stirlingshire, 
and 13 Grosvenor Cre.scent. Glasgow. Mr. 
M'Grigor's family have been identified with the 
liistory of the Society from its foundation, his 
great-grandfather. j\lr. Alex. M'Grigor, having 
been one of its original vice-presidents, and liis 
grandfather Mr. Alex. M'Grigor, jun., having 
been an original directoi-. and afterwards vice- 
president. The Society liaving become prac- 
cally dormant 
for some years, 
it was on 4th 
May, 1886, re- 
suscitated, 
when the late 
D r. A. B. 
M'Grigor, the 
father of the 
sul)iect of this 
sketch, was 
appointed vice- 
president, the 
late General 
Sir Charles 
MacG regor, 
K.C.S.I., being 
appointed 
president, 
and on the 
lamenteddeath 
of the latter 
in "1887 Dr. 
M'Grigor was 
appointed 
p re s i d e n t, 
which otlice he 
held till his 
death in 1891. 
It will thus be 
seen that the 
present Hono- 
rary Secretary 
has a connec- 
tion with the 
Society such 
as few, if any, 
of its members 
can boast of, 
and as his .son 
is also a life-member, the family is now repre- 
sented in the roll of the Society in its fifth 
generation. 

The number of members of the Society is 
at present 351, and a considerable addition is 
looked for in the course of this year. The 
capital funds administered by the Society 
amount to over £3000, the income being close 
on £250 per annum. Alex. MacGregor. 

278 Allison Street, Crosshill. 



94 



THE CEI.riC MONTHLY. 



.ions 



TO CORRESPONDENTS 

All Com,n,niiinli.,ns. ,.., I,l.r„,-,, <i,„l I, 
matters, »/..."'<< '"• '••hlre.^.seil to llu IC.Iit.n: M r 
MACKAV, 17 nundas Street, Killfisluii. tilnsijuir. 

-®- 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
.MOSTIILY u-ill be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, und all 
countrie.1 in the Postal Union— for one year, 4». 

The Celtic Monthly 

FKISIir.iKY. IS94. 



OOrtfTESJMTSi. 



his lontr and faithlul services to the cause of Ins coun- 
tryiiion We sincerelv hope that the testimonial will 
he a handsome one, worthy of the girers and receiver 
Our readers have each month l)een interested and 
instructed by his valuable contributions to our own 
pafes and we trust that the subscriptions from the 
rca"ders of the Cvltie Monfhln will take first place m 
the list. We shall be very glad to receive contribu- 
tions towards the testimonial fund, which we shall 
duly acknowledge in the Mouthlii. As the list is 
only to be open for a few weeks, we hope that those 
who intend subscribing will do so at once. Address 
— Editor, Celtic MontUij, 17 Dundas Street, Kingston, 
Glasgow (member of committee). 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



Spboeon-Ma-iob J. MacGreoor, M.D. (with plite), ■ - • S.'i 

~Doo.T-,Co.RTs„n-, SO In our next issue we will present our readers wnth a 

GABUcA,Rs TO LOWLAND SoNos, 8S UfeUke plate-poHrait, printed ou tinted paper of 

CL.AN Cowtiiors FIRST ANNiAL SOCIAL GAT11KR1N8 (illustrated), SP Lord Reay, G.C.I.E., D.C.L., chief of the Clan 
The Last Macdosalos OF ISLA, Part 3 (illustrated), ■ • 90 Mackay, with a biographical sketch. The portrait 

ALEXANDKE M'Gr.oor (with portrait), 93 represents his lordship in the Highland dress. An 

TkstimosialtoMb. HknrvWuvtbC'Fionn"). - - - 94 j,)teresting account will also he given of the Holland 

To oi'R Headers, ^* branch of the clan and the chief's ancestors, which 

TosoiE AKD ITS Historic SuRRorxDi.Nos (illustrated), - ■ 9n .j^jn (jg illustrated with a number of finely engraved 

Abstract of OssiAN'.s CovALLA, 9" views of places ot interest in the Reay country asso- 

Lettrk.s TO THE Editor, 9S (.jated with the chiefs of the clan. I'art IV., of Mr. 

LiEi T. -COL. L. D. MACKINNON- (with portrait), - ... 99 Q p^aser- Mackintosh's valuable papers on ''The Last 

TuK Earldom of Ross (illustrated), wu jjacDonaUls of Isla " will be accompanied by fac- 

NoTRs, .;■-.;' !n! jimi/ereproductionsofacharter, dated ISOO, granted 

Camanachd-Mr. H.oii MacUorqi odale (with portrait), ■ iiiJ Archibald, 5tli Earl of Argyll, and a full-size copy 

News or the Month, !',u of the seal ' With the continuation of Air John 

HiGUL.vND NoT>:s and QiERiFi,, Mackay, Hereford's, historical articles we will give 

~ two picturesque views in the parishes of Tongue and 

TESTIMONIAL TO MR. HENRY WHYTE L)„rness. In addition to these, we will print several 

(" F I O N N "). interesting illustrated papers which we have had to 

hold over from this issue owing to the pressure on 

.„ , , , , , , . , ,1, , our space. Portraits of distinguished Highlanders 

Odh readers will, doubtless, be glad to learn that a ^.^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ number promises to be 

movement has just been inaugurated to present Mr. ^^ «^^^^ i^^^^^j 

Henry W hyto (Fionn) with a testimonial, in recogni- ^^ ^^.^j .^^^^^^^ members of the Clan Gregor Society 

tion of his valuable contributions to Celtic literature, ^^ j^_^^.^ ^.^^^^ ^^ j^^^^_^^ ^j^j^g gl,o^l,y ^ fi^g pj^tg. 
and his lifelong services to the Highland cause gene- . ■, „f gj^ ^lalcolra Macfiregor, Bart., chief of the 

rally. FioK »'.s name is known aiid respected in every V and also of the late Dr. A. B. M'Grigor. It 
part of the world where High andeis are to be found. • ^.^^^^^^^ ^. ^^^ mentioned that we are arranging to 

Few men of this generation have done as much tor -^ ^ ^^^.^^ ^^ sketches of the Clan MacGregor, with 

Highlanders, or placed their services so generously at ^j^j^^^^g ^f lacgg of interest in the romantic country 
the disposal of tlieir countrymen without tee or re- ^j. ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ,,,^g articles and portraits cannot fail to 
ward as Mr. Whyte has done, and certainly no name /j j^^^^.^.^^ ^^ „ of the name. 

is better known in connection with Celtic literature ^ 

than that of Fioim. His personality has been in the 
forefront of every Highland movcinent, and his advice 
and assistance have always proved of the greatest 
value. His unbounded enthusiasm for everything 
Highland has been the means of inspiring others in 
the same direction. To Mr. Whyte we ourselves 
owe, when too young, wc fear, to \w. of much practical 
use,' our first introduction to a Highland Society in 
Glasgow, and to our acquaintanceship with him we 
owe in no slight measure our knowledge of matters 
relating to the Highlands. Hundreds have bene- 
fitted in a similar way from his encouragement and 
assistance. His services have been of such a nature 
tiiat they could not be adequately repaid, and we 
know that very many will be delighted to embrace 
the op|)ortunity which has now been afforded them 
of showing, in a practical way, their appreciation of 



Cai.kmiak <iK Meetings OF Highland Societies. 

VVe regret that owing to the demand this month 

ujion our advertising space we have not been able to 
give the "Calendar" for February, but as we intend 
in our next issue adding four extra pages of adver- 
tising space, we will give a full list of the meetings 
and social gatherings for March. Our friends must 
excuse the omission this month. 

TiiK Dk. C'hakles Mackav Memoki.\l Font, 
which was erected by the Clan Mackay to the 
memory of the late clan hard, has just been unveiled 
in St. Paul's Parish Church, Perth. The memorial 
is a ma.ssive and handsome one, and we hope to give 
a photo, reproduction of it in our next issue. 



THl?: CKI/l'lC MONTHLY. 



95 



TONGUE AND ITS HISTORIC 
SURROUNDINGS. 



By John Mackay. C.E., J. P., Hen-ford. 



tVi 



'N the defeat, of the Norsenien in Strath- 
tll'^J) "aver in 1196, and the retreat (jf Iliirold 
yS~ifo into the Orkneys, Rej^inald in a few 
uiontlis pacified the distracted country, appoint- 
ing three noblemen to rule the district for the 
King of Scots — one in the southern, one in the 
eastern, and another in the northern portion. 
Tongue, or, as it was then called, Strathnaverniti. 
It is nut very well known who was the noble he 
appointed to rule the northern part, but it is 



mentioned that he had in liis army a strong 
party of Gallowegians, commandeil by their own 
chief, Alexander, and his two brothers. It is 
very probable it was to this Alexander and his 
brothers that Reginald entrusted the expulsion 
of the Norsemen fiom Strathnaver and the ad- 
joining districts ; aud this Ale.xauder liaving 
executed the trust given liini, wa.s, two years 
thereafter, confirmed in the possession of the 
territory he had .subdued by William the Lion, 
when Harold was finally disposed of by the 
King of Scots at Eystendal, on the confines of 
Caitiiness, in 1198. With this warrior from 
Galloway began the race of the Mackay chiefs 
who ruled in Tongue for upwards of six cen- 




FlillM 'IIIIC FEI'.UY roINT 



turies, and attained to a high degree of influ- 
ence by their own powers and the fidelity and 
hearing of their clansmen. 

The Norsemen were soon expelled from 
Strathnaver and Tongue, their two ja'incipal 
settlements, yet leaving their footprints behind 
them in place-names round about Tongue, with 
which in this paper we have to do. In them 
we see that the names of jjlaces, however much 
corrupted by the lapse of ages, are, like those of 
the streets of a town, endowed with extraonli- 
nary vitality, frequently surviving, as in this 
case, the race, or the nation that imposed them, 
and often defying alike the accidents of con- 
quest and of time, while furnishing information 
of a most unexpected character. 



in Tongue, there must have been a numerous 
colony of Norsemen, as tlie names of ])laces 
reveal. Blandy, blanda (meeting-place) ; Borgie, 
byrgi (enclosure) ; Coldbackie, Kidd bakki (cold 
ridge) ; Caonasaid, Kvenna-setr (tlie lady's resi- 
dence) ; Falside, fellsetr (the residence on the 
fell, or moor) ; Hysbackie, husa-bakki (houses 
on the ridge) ; Kirkiboll, kirkja-bol (kiik town) 
— baile-na-h-eaglais ; IMelness. mel-nes (the 
benty-grassed promontory) ; Modsary, nioda- 
seyra (muddy moorland) ; Riliigill, rygjar-bol 
(the lady's home-farm) — this word in Mackay 
charters is spelled riga-bol and rege-bol— bal in 
Icelandic is in meaning equivalent to the Gaelic 
baile, residence, township, hamlet — setr in 
Norse is applied to a single residence or farm ; 



96 



THE CELIIC MONTHLY, 



Scrabster, skarabolstadr (the outlying lioiiie- 
stead); SSken-ay, skerja (isolated rocks in the 
sea) ; Skinid. si,'iaiiid, skiiini (withereil, lileaclied) ; 
Sculloniie, skulda mot (coui't, or place where 
taxes, debts, dues, fines were jiaid to the Norse 
lord) ; Slettel, sletr (flat land or place) ; Tal- 
raine, tallr-minn (toll-free) — this place is on the 
west side of the Bay of Tongue, and exactly 
opposite to Scullomie, which is on the east side 
of the ha}-, the one landing-place free of toll, 
while dues were exacted at the other, which 
was the more convenient to the centre of popu- 
lation. This is a history in words. Tongue, 
tunga (a narrow spit of land jutting out into 
the water or sea). The origin of place-names is 



always interesting. Those in Tongue have a 
peculiar historic value of their own. 

The territory, being thus won by the Mackay 
chiefs, the people soon settled down to peace- 
ful pursuits — the sen, the land, the river, lake, 
woods, and mountains were free alike to all. 
A Mackay then could, without let or hindrance, 
take a deer from the mountain, a salmon from 
the river, or a stick from the wood. The chiefs 
were then at too remote a distance to take any 
part or interest in the political strifes that dis- 
tracted the kingdom at its centre. They were 
more intent on consolidating the power and 
influence their territorial possessions gave them, 
and moulding and uniting the heterogeneous 




TuNUri: >-AMi> AMI V.ES l.^VAl,, IN IsJil 



mass of the people they were called to rule and 
guide into one compact body of clansmen. 
These chief's had their reward, for very soon 
this wise ])olicy bore the richest fruit. They 
commanded not only the reverence but the 
fidelity of the people, who were proud to call 
themselves their clansmen. Tiiey were satisfied 
with the ]iower of surrounding themselves by an 
attached and contented tenantry, and of influ- 
encing the mind and the will, whil.st the clans- 
men were h'ip|)y to acknowledge the kindness 
of their chiefs by a complete devotion to their 
service in peace or war, and by giving .so much 
value for the hinds allotted to them as emibled 
the chiefs to support the dignity of their ])osi 
tion in society with credit and honour. 



Before entering further into the events that 
occurred about Tongue, or the various warlike 
affairs in which chief and clan were engaged, 
let us attem))t to describe its surroundings. 

Tongue is one of the prettiest and most 
romantic localities in Sutherland. The view 
from the bay is remarkably grand, tlie lofty 
semi-circular range of hills rises boldly and sud- 
denly from the ocean, as it were, and sweeps all 
round the bay, forming the large, enclosed 
valley into a stupendous amphitheatre. The 
bay itself, on the north, seems to be guarded by 
a cluster of islands, whose sides are perpendicu- 
lar clifls of granite, varying in altitude from 
1 .')0 to 700 feet, forming, as it were, a continu- 
ous l)reak water to safeguard the noble bay. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



97 



wliile on the west a range of hills, 134:5 feet in 
height, runs along the rugged, trackless waste 
of the Moin, and terminates in Ben Hope, one 
of the sublimest mountain masses in the High- 
hinds, rightly named by tourists, " Queen of 
Highland mountains " In the immediate dis- 
tance, to the south, is seen the remains of 
Castle Varrick, perched on the pinnacle of a 
[iromontory, facing the Bay of Tongue, in grim 
watchfulness. It was founded hy a Norse 
warrior. At the south-eastern extremity of 
this extensive valley, Ben Loyal starts up. 
The summits of this pinnacled and almost per- 
pendicular mountain mass presents to the fancy, 
at one point of view, the outlines of a " lion 
couohant," and at another a close resemblance 
to the " Royal arms." On a summer morning, 
or after a summer shower, when the transparent 
mist is reposing on its bosom, or coiling among 
its pealcs, the appearance of this mountain is 
very beautiful, and often fantastic. Within 
the mountain cliain formed liy this lofty moun- 
tain there are various objects which constitute 
marked features in the scenery of the district. 
The view off the mountain itself is universally 
admired. Starting up majestically from the 
end of the valley, it quickly attains an altitude 
of 2.504 feet, presenting at its base an expanded 
breast of two miles, and cleft at the top into 
foiir massive, towering, and splintered peaks, 
standing boldly aloof from each other. Tlie 
highest peak stands proudly forward to occupy 
the foreground, the rest recede a litrie, as if 
each were unwilling to protrude itself, from a 
conscious iiiferioiity to its predecessor. As a 
graceful finish to its outlines, it stretches out an 
aim on either side, as if to embrace conde.scend- 
inL;ly the other mountain ranges, which may 
very well acknowledge it as chief, and which 
may very readily be fancied as doing it homage. 
On its west side, it is said, was the .scene of 
IHarniid's combat with the wild boar, and his 
death. A green spot is shown as being his 
grave. On the same side of Ben Loyal occurred 
a famous clan battle, at Drum-na-Coup, of which 
we shall treat in anotlier pa)ier. 
(2o be continiii'd). 



Glasgow Caithnens G.athering. — Tliis flourish- 
ing association held their annual galheriug in the 
Queen's Rooms on old New Year's Night. Dr. .1. 
F. Sutherland presided, and there was a large attend- 
ance. The chairman delivered a very racy address 
on Caithness, and referring to llie Norse and Celtic 
elements in the country, gave it as his opinion that 
the Celts were the more important. Rev. Dr. W. 
Hoss Taylor, Sheriff Birnie, and ( ouncillor Cidsbolm 
gave interesting addresses. The assembly was well 
attended, and the whole proceedings were, as the 
Caithness gatherings always are, a very great success. 



ABSTRACT OF OSSIAN'S COVALLA.* 

Bv LlEUT.-C OLONIiL CllAlM.ICS StKWART, 

Tigu-'n-L)ui.\. 

Authorof"TheCiaflicKin)j:(loininScotlatifl.aiiilitsi:f<lfi,. Clmrch," 
" liilliii Collection of Poetry and Musir." ,tc. 

rr^lHIS ode is of great value, not only as a 
yfc' ."'o''!""** poetic inspiration, but also as a 
~^=^ valuable portion of Scottish and Roman 
history, a touching account of touching inci- 
dents, and various references to beliefs and 
customs which make our Ga<dic history to be of 
strong and special interest. 

What renders its historic value of such .special 
account is the confirmed light which it throws 
on a decisive part of the Roman and Scottish 
annals. 

At the lieginiiing of the third century the 
Scots, Gdi'.lx, or luiiim (difierent names of the 
same race), along with the Cruiatliuich or Picts, 
so worried the mid province, which was Roman, 
that Severus resolved upon reducing them to 
abject subjugation. He therefore crossed the 
Forth with an immense force, and marched 
through Pictland to the Tay, or neai'ly so. The 
Picts, however, assisted by their friends the 
Scots, whilst fighting no great battle, so harassed 
them by cutting oflf parties sent for various 
purposes, breaking and nullifying the supplies 
of food, and in every other way open to them, 
that Severus had to return after an immense 
loss of men and goods, as well as reputation. 
He was strong enough, however, to in.sist on a 
treaty, by which the mid province remained 
Roman, the line of Forth and Clyde being its 
border on the north, with the Scots and Picts, 
and the line of Tyne and Solway the border on 
the south. This occurred in the year 209. 

The Scots, however, soon Ijroke the compact, 
and came down on the Roman provinces, which 
caused Severus to assemble another great army 
at York, where he was taken ill and died in 
A.D. 21L Thereupon Caracalla, his son — called 
by the Gaels Carracul — proceeded northwards 
with the assembled host against the Albannic 
Gaels, aud experienced the defeat related in our 
poem. Tlie Roman historian.s, as not unusual 
in cases of defeat, do not mention the name of 
the battle, but they undoubtedly confirm the 
Gaelic account of it, as they acknowledge a 
treaty by Caracalla, in virtue of which he gave 
over to the Gaels that mid-province which a 
few years earlier was retained by Severus at 
such a fearful cost. By its terms also he had 
to retire behind the line of the Tyne and Sol- 
way. Probably the Gaels reserved this province 

* Of course the poetry is rhythmical, and I have 
selected well-knowu Gaelic melodies which can be 
made easily to suit the rhythm, so that those knowing 
(iaelic music can read or chant tliem with due efiect. 



98 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



for its own Celtic inhabitants, the Britons, with 
whom tliey had strong sympathies in iheir 
bondace to the Romans. 

I beg for a few necessary words of exi>lana- 
tion at" this point. In writing in English on 
(iaelic subjects 1 endeavour to do so as entirely 
in English as I can. When a Gaelic word is 
necessary I give its translation. Now in this 
paper 1 often use Kingal, which is the English 
(,f h'wii-Glianlheal* As the dh is silent, and the 
accent on the second last syllable, the pronmicia- 
tion is the same almost to exactitude. Fimi.t 
as an adjective, means white, and Fion-Gaidhea 
means the " white-miened Gael," which Fmgal 
exceptionally was. The usage is quite common 
in Gaelic, as, for instance. Queen Meavy of 
Connaught's daughter was '• Fmnabhair," or 
"white-browed"; and her celebrated "white- 
horned " bull, '• Finncheannach." Fingal has 
many other appelatives, in some of which " Fion, 
or one of the race, is used as a noun, but these 
don't concern my present enquiry, which only 
concerns tlie question whence comes the Eng- 
lish "Fingal." The custom in Perthshire has 
been, and is, to use " Fion," or the " white- 
miened," in reciting the ancient poetry, and 
"Fion-Gaidheal" in some of our modern poetry, 
and almost always in speaking of our greatest 
hero At one time I favoured the word " tion- 
aeal" as the Gaelic of Fingal, but had to drop 
ft as the accent is on the last syllable, and its 
pronunciation radically diUers from <j<d m Fiwjal. 
Fion also is used as a noun in " Fion-geal,' but 
by custom this is allowable. It has the same 
nieaning in a d.ttereiit form as Fion-Gl.aidheal 

has. , 

Fingal had just married Covalla. the daughter 
of a kingly cliiefiam, amongst the W.-stern 
Isles, called Sarno. On his reaching Selma 
with his bride, he was called away to take com- 
mand of his Gaelic host, and to meet Curacalla 
and the immense Roman host at the battle of 
Canon, a.d. 211. He was undoubtedly sup- 
ported by the Picts, although not exiiressly men- 
tioned that I can find, and, as fully and de- 
cisively stated, by a contingent of the Irish 
Gaels, under Cuchullin, the '-son of Semo, + 
acting as Regent during King Cormac M'Airls 
minority. The date of Severuss death lixes the 
date of the battle. 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



"CHIPS FROM CAPE WRATH." 
To the Edlior of the " Celtic Monthly." 

Sin I think there can be no doubt that the Rev. 

Mr. Gunn. the minister of Durness, is quite correct 
in giving the true meaning of the names of the days 
of the week in Gaelic. But he makes a slight mis- 
take {although no doubt it is an oversight) w-^ien he 
says •' we have got the name^ of the first two days of 
tiie week from heathen tiu.es ; the rest through the 
Church " For according to his own derivaliou of 
them three of them, viz , Uiluahi, the day of Luna, 
the moon ; Dinmirt, the day of -V/ur^, the god of war ; 
Dimthuinie, the day of eiaturn, are all named after 
Pao'an deities. But my main object in writing is to 
pomtout (What is very remarkable, viz ) that while 
there are only three of the days of the week in Gaelic 
named after liealhen gods, all the days of the week 
in Knglish, with the e.Kception perhaps of one, are 
also so named. T\nK— Sunday, the day of the sun ; 
Mondaii, the day of the moon ; Tuesday, d..ul.tlul ; 
Weduesdan, the day of Woden ; Thursday, the day 
of Thor; Fridaif, the day of Freya (a godessj ; and 
Saturdaii, the day of Saturn This, I think, proves 
that the' Celtic nali.ms took more readily to Chris- 
tianity than t:ie Teutonic. 

■ipropos of this subject, could any of your readers 
give us the ( iaelic names of the months of the year and 
Their meaning in English? Doing so might oblige 
more than your humL.le servant. 

James Farquhar Sinclair. 

THE MACNICOLS OF GLENORCHY. 

To the Editor of the " Celtic Monthly." 
Sill— t an you inform me. through the columns of 
the Celtic Mimthlil, to what clan tlie " iMacnicols ot 
lilenoi-chy " belong ? Have they a distinctive tartan ? 
If lack o! space foibids the full iulormalion, kindly 
mention where it may be obtained, and oblige.— 
Vours, \c. Colin Macnicol. 

Sail Kiaiicisco, California, U.S.A. 



•See "Highland Society's Report," pages 248, 
232, 2i)6; "The Stewarts," 555, &c. , o v 

f'MacAlpiu's Dictionary," English and Gaehc, 

''■ J Cormac MacAirt ruled over Ireland from the be- 
Kinning of the 3rd century to A.n. ■Jl.7. Ihi.U.el.ullm 
wa. Ihl seoou.l mim in tl.« IriHl. G .ebc kn.gdou., and 
wa- twice Hegent during Cor.na.-'s minority and dia- 
alnlbv. Macl'h. r»„„ o.,..f,,un.U the --'"^f '".? '^,7' 
cei.iury m.noundnig the celclaated .tory ol l'"^ '; '• 
dren of Maisneach." and, amougst the rest, confounds 



We regret to announce the death of Ts\v. Hector 
MacDougall, secretary, Gaelic Society of Hamilton, 
Canada. He was one of our earliest subscribers, 
and was ever ready to assist the cause of Celtic 
literature, and, indeed, all movements having for 
their object the advancement of his fellow-country- 
men. He will be greatly missed by the High- 
landers of Hamilton. 

tJuTcnclnillin with another CuchuUiu of Dundalgan, 
son of Suvalla and Delta,., and one ot Connor .\lac- 
Messa's Knights of the UkA Bnmch at E.nania. C...nnor 
died in A u 33. which setllts the dale. Macl'herson 
actually interpolates this ea.ly 1st ceutury history, as 
he knew it, into the 1st duan of "Fing.a." the events 
of which h.ppeued circa a.d 25-30. He was groB.y 
iKn.,.ant of the history in this, one of the poems he 
wUuctea, and one of the two principal ones, and liow 
could he he its author ? He uisplaecd its date hy two 
centuries, and whut do the critics say ? We w''"' ",'" 
Ol«hc\ rtcncdiation made level to the capacity of us 
poor Calls. 

( To be coiUitMed). 



THE CKLTIC MONTHLY 



99 



LIEUT.-COL. L. D. MACKINNON. 

Vics-President, Clan IMackinnon Society. 



|^|HE Clan 
Wlrf'' Mackin- 
'^— "■ non liave 
just lield thoir 
secoiul annual 
social gather- 
ing, and many 
members of the 
clan will be 
pleased to ]ios- 
sess the life- 
like portrait 
wliich is heie 
given of the 
d istinguished 
clansman who 
occupied the 
chair on that 
a u s p i c i o ii s 
occiision. 

Lieut. - Col. 
Lionel Dudley 
Mackin n o n, 
was Ijoru in 
ISfiO, and is 
the son of the 
lateJ-ieut.-Col. 
Daniel Lionel 
Mackinnon, of 
theCold.stream 
(iuaids, who 
was killed at 
the liattle of 
Inkermaii, and 
brollicr of the 
]n-esent chief 
of the clan. 
His mother is 

a daughter of the late Major-General '.Sir Dudley 
St. Leger Hill, KG.B. The subject of our 
sketch entered the Coldstream Guards in 1871, 
and served with the second battalion of tliat 
famous regiment in the Egyptian Campaign of 




1S82, including the battle of Tebel-Kebir. He 
also served with the first battalion of the same 
regiment in the Soudan campaign of ISSo. 
In 18S1 Lieut.-Col. Mackinnon married 
Elizabeth, 
daughter of 
Lieut.- Colonel 
Greenhill -Gar- 
dyne, of Fin- 
avon and Glen- 
forsa, (who, it 
may be men- 
tioned is to 
preside at the 
Mull and lona 
gathering next 
month), and 
the Hon. Mrs. 
Gardyne He 
retired from 
the service 
in 1887 on re- 
tired pay, and 
is at present 
residing at 
Dochgarroch, 
uearLiverness. 
Lieut. - Col. 
Mackinnon is 
a worthy re- 
presentative of 
a family wlio 
have always 
been noted for 
tlieir martial 
prowess, and 
who have their 
names honour- 
ably inscribed 
in the military 
annals of the 
" ■■ ^ i-^i,i£^ nation. He is 

proud of ihis , name and clan, and the spirited 
address which he delivered at the recent clan 
gathering showed that above all thing.s his "heart 
is Highland," aud tliat he is inspired with the 
true spirit of the Gael. Duncan Mackinnon. 



Clan Greoor — We regret to announce the death 
of Mr Peter Mac'iregor, County Buildings, Glasgow, 
an old and respected member of the Clan (iregor 
Society. 

^ fb)SonRs TO HiGHLAN-nERs.— Mr. D. H. Mac- 
Failane, M.T. for Argyllshire, has been created a 
knij;ht., and Mr James Lyle Mackay. the distin- 
guished Indian financier, has been made a Knight 
Commander of the Indian Empire. 



Highlanders to the Front.-^U may interest 
our readers to learn that when the British (not 
" English " mind !) oolumos entered Buluwayo, the 
capital of Lobensjula, they were headed by Pipe- 
Maj(jr .\lacdunald, Lite of ihe Hoyal Scots, playing 
the •■ iMarch to Buluwayo." a tune composed hy him- 
self in honour of the occasion. Mr. Neil iJacDouald 
has truly said — 

*' And on the field of battle, 'mon^j'sfc the bravest in the van, 
You have always found him foremost, the man of Highland clan." 



100 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE EARLDOM OF ROSS. 



Bv l>. -MiuKAV Rose. 



ff^-^ liv his wi 
^ ^ |)uk.- of 



II — {cotitiniial jrnm pmje 7C). 
»ly|^<^LEXANDER LESLEY, Eail of Iloss, 
I'ife Isabella, d;uiglitei- of the 
Albany, left an only cliild, 
Euphcniia, who. l)Pconiing a nun, illegally re- 
signed the Earldom in fa von i- of her maternal 
uncle, Joiin Stewart. Earl of Hiichan. The 
rightful lieir of Ro.ss was Lady Margaret Lesley, 
the wife of Donald, l^ord of the Isles. Donald 
was not the individual to quietly submit to be 
deprived of the jirincely ))ossessions, which 
formed the just inheritance of his wife. He 
had never been treated with much consideration 
by his Stewart kinsfolk, for, as a boy, in 1369,* 
they constituted him a hostage for the good con- 
duct of his father. I'heir arbitrary dealings 
drove Di>nald and his brothers John and Alex- 
ander to act .so harshly and undutifully towards 
their mother, the Liidy Margaret Stewart, that 
the Earl of Fife was instructed to protect her 
from the violence of her sons and their deperi- 
dents. This so e.xasperated the brothers that 
in same year (1398) they rose in rebellion, but 
were soon forced to submit, and Alexander — 
progenitor of the "bold Keppochs " — was im- 
prisoned. His brother, Donald of the Isles, 
v.as appointed iiis keeper, and, brotherly affec- 
tion overcoming loyalty to the Crown, Alexander 
was released in 1399, witliout consent of the 
King. As a result. Donald was cited to ap- 
jjear before the Parliament to answer for his 
conduct in giving liberty to a " robber and 
waster of the kingdom" — the gallant Alexander 
"Carrach" being thus designed liy the authorities. 
The Stewarts were jealous of the power of 
the De YIes, and through their machinations 
the estates of che family were divided. Donald's 
patrimony was still so great that they viewed 
with alarm his acquisition of the extensive 
Earldom of Ross, and determined to prevent 
this vast inheritance from falling into the 
hands of the turbulent ].,ord of the Isles. But 
such a princely possession as the modern conn- 
ties of Ross and Cromarty, besides great estates 
in Sutherland, Caithness, Nairn, and Aberdeen- 
shires, was not to be relinquished without a 
struggle, and Donald determined to make good 
tlie claims of his wife by force of arms. In 
1411 he laid waste the district of Ross, defeated 
Angus Dubh Mackay of Far and the men of 
Sutherland at Dingwall, and marched to Buchan. 
He was met at Harlaw by the Earl of Mar — the 
erstwhile leader of caterans who Iiad stoi'med 

* This date proves that Donald was certainly more 
than forty-live years of ago ivt Ida death (14'J3). (See 
page 47). 



the Castle of Kildrummy, and in this rough 
manner wooed and won the Countess of Mar 
and her Earldom. In the contest which ensued 
was for a time decid(>d not merely the rights to 
the Earldom of Ross but the supremacy of the 
Lowlander over the Highlander. 

The clansmen of Ross and the Isles — armed 
with claymore and targe — were no match for 
the chivalry of the north-east of Scotland — the 
mail-clad barons of Aberdeen and thr Jlearns. 
The result was that Donald retired to the Castle 
of Dingwall, where he was besieged and forced 
to yield his pretensions, while the Earl of 
Buchan retained the titles and estates of Ross 
until slain at Verneuil in 142+. Donald of the 
Isles died in 1423, and when James 1. returned 
from captivity he allowed the succession to the 
Earldom to Lady Mai-garet Lesley, wlio had 
two sons to the Lord of the Isles, viz., Alex- 
ander, designed "Master of Ross" during the 
lifetime of his mother, and Bishop Angu.s. She 
also had a daughter Mariot, married to Ale.xander 
Sutherland of Dunbeath. 

Alexander, the next Earl, as "Master of 
Ross." in 142-5 was one of the jury at the trial 
of the Duke of Albany, His mother, the Countess 




incited him to rebel : he burnt Inverness, but, 
being defeated soon after, was forced to sue for 
peace, which was refused. Aflcr holding out 
for a considerable time he threw himself upon 
the King's mercy in 1429, when he appeared 
before the King and Court, at the altar at 
Holyrood, clad only in shirt and drawers. At 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



101 



the Queen's intercession his life was spared. 
He was confined in Tantallon Castle until par- 
doned in 1431 ; being afterwards appointed 
Warden of the North. In 1445 he entered 
into a treasonable league with the Earls of 
Douglas and Crawford, but died at Dingwall on 
4th May, 1448, before the conspiracy was 
matured, leaving by his wife Elizabeth (sister 
of the Earl of Hiintly) a son John, and two 
daughters, Margaret and Florence. Margaret (1) 
married John. Earl of Sutherland, while Florence 
married Lachlan Mackintosh, of that Ilk. The 
Earl of Ross, had also two illegitimate sons — 
Cele.stine of Loclialsh, and Hugh, the ancestor 
of the Macdonalds of Sleat. Their notiirious 
illegitimacy is conclusively proved by the fact 
tiiat they were of age and married while their 
brother John, Earl of Ross, was still a minor. 
John, Earl of Ross, when in his seven- 
teenth year, was urged into rebellion by Liv- 
ingston of C'allendar (who afterwards became 
his father-in-law), and took part in the risings 
of the great Douglases, creating a diversion in 
their favour by seizing the loyal castles of 
Urquhart, Inverness, and Ruthven. An inter- 
view between him and the Earl of Douglas, in 
1453, resulted in the naval demonstration by 
the men of the Isles, under Donald Balloch of 
Islay, against Ayr. His rebellion was, how- 
ever, suppressed, and the Lordship of Ross was 
annexed to the Crown in 1455. He was re- 
stored in 1456, and appointed Warden of the 
Marches, l)ut his treason became such that it 
could not be tolei-ated. In 1462 he treated 
with the Engli.sh King as an independent 
piince, and, along with the Earl of Douglas, 
made a remarkaVjle treaty with Edward, where- 
by they became his vassals. Edward was, in 
return, to assist them to conquer Scotland, 
which was then to be partitioned between the 
Earls and Donald Balloch. 

The Earl of Ross was not slow to act up to 
the letter of this agreement. He sent his ille- 
gitimate brother Celestine to plunder Inverness 
and Moray, which was done so eflectually that 
large districts were laid waste. For years the 
north was kej)t constantly in the ferment of 
rebellion, and in 1474 energetic measures were 
decided upon. Ross usurped the King's autho- 
rity, besieged the Castle of Rothesay, and laid 
waste Bute. The Earls of Huntly and Atholl 
were therefore commanded to march against 
the rebels, and, driven from place to place, Ross 
was compelled to surrender. His Earldom was 
forfeited to the Crown for ever ; and it was not 
to be alienated save to the younger sons of the 
Sovereign. John was created a Lord of Parlia- 
ment as Lord of the Isles, and, as he had no 
legitimate sons, his natural sons were to be 
primary heirs. By his wife, Elizabeth Living- 



stone, he had a daughter, Elizabeth, living in 
1506. 

The Lord of the Isles was still pursued by 
evil fortune, for he was deprived of his estates 
by his lawless son Angus, whose tragic end was 
accomplished by an Irish harper, at Inverness. 
(This Angus had a natural son, Donald Dubh, 
who set up as Lord of the Isles in 15()H and 
1544). John was finally forfeited in 1493, on 
account of his own treason, and that of his 
nephew — Alexander of Lochalsh — son of Celes- 
tine, and thus it came about that the — 

" Lord of the Isles, whose lofty name 
A thousand bards have given to fame, 
The mate of inonarchs, and allieil 
On equal terms wich England's pride,"' 

died, in 1498, a royal pensioner at the Abbey 
of Paisley. Of his daughter Elizabeth, after 
1506, nothing is known, so that the le;.;al repre- 
sentation of the great Earls of Ross and Lords 
of the Isles devolved upon Margaret, the wife 
of John, Earl of Sutherland. It must be noted, 
however, that the name of the lady who insti- 
tuied divorce proceedings against the Earl of 
Sutherland was " Finvol," while his relict bore 
the Christian name of Catherine ; so that if 
genealogists are correct in saying that the first 
wife of Sutherland was a daughter of the Isles, 
it follows that she conveyed the representation 
of her family to the Earls of Sutherland. 

A Dukedom of Ross was created by James 
III., in favour of his son James, who resigned the 
estates from which he derived his title in 1503 ; 
and some years later Alexander, the posthumous 
son of James IV., was created Earl of Ross. 
In 1503, Donald Dubh, natural son of Angus — 
the illegitimate son of the last Earl of Ross and 
Lord of the Lsles — set up claims to the latter 
dignity, but was taken prisoner. After forty 
years' confinement he again escaped, and in 
1544 rose once more in rebellion, assumed the 
titles of Boss and the Isles, and entered into a 
treaty with England, dying at Drogheda in the 
following year. 

Between 1503 and 1544 several futile attempts 
were made by the family of Lochalsh, although 
of bastard descent, to recover the Lordship of 
Ross, which they plundered without mercy. 
The Bishop of Caithness, who, as Chamberlain 
of Ross, had to hold the Castles of Dingwall 
and Redcastle against the men of the Isles, for 
the better defence, secured from the south old 
" artailzalrie," with which to frighten the natives. 
The line of Lochalsh terminated with two 
daughters, one of whom, Margaret, married 
Alexander of Glengarry, the other becoming 
the wife of Dingwall of Kildun. As a conse- 
quence of this failure of male descendants of 
Celestine, Donald Gorm — the representative of 
the kindred illegitimate house of Sleat — ap- 



102 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



peared as the next claimant for the Earldom of 
Ross. In 1562, Donald followed Mary Queen 
of Scots everywhere, begging that he might 
have the Earldoai. He was the great-great- 
grandson of Hugh of Sleat, and was so much 
displeased that tlie title was not conferred 
on hiiu that he straightway entered into nego- 
tiations with the English. Tiie Eaildoiii was 
revived in 15G5, for, on 25th ^lay, Henry 
Stewart (Lord Darnley) was created Earl of 
Ross, and on 22nd July of same year the banns 
of marriage was proclaimed between " Harie 
Earl of Ross" and Queen ^lary. At foui- 
o'clock the .same afternoon the Earl of Ross 
was created Duke of Albany, so that the un- 
fortunate Darnley was the last to enjoy the 
Earldom, which, for feuing purposes, was dis- 
solved from the Crown in 1587. 

^'Eiieas iMacdonell of Glengany became a 
claimant for the dignity, the grounds for his 
pretensions being that his great-great-grand- 
father had married the grand-daughter of the 
bastard Celestine of Lochalsh. Glengarry was 
ready to go anywhere and do anything for 
Charles I., provided he were made Earl of Ross. 
On 30ih July, 1646, he wrote to King Charles 
from Castle Lcod, professing loyalty and obedi- 
ence, " beinge only desyrus that your majesty 
may kno of a particulare faithful servand to 
receive and act your commandis." At the 
Restoration, on account of his services, he 
was created Lord Macdonell and Aros by 
King Charles 11. , who, it seems by the follow- 
ing ])etition, had granted several warrants creat- 
ing hirn Earl of Ross. These did not take 
effect, the notorious illegitimacy of his descent 
being probably the reason. Coniing to later 
times, about a century ago, Munro Ross of Pit- 
calnie made a ridiculous claim upon the Earl- 
dom, to which he had as little right by descent 
as iiad the .Macdonells of Glengarry. 

In our own day there are, it appear.s, designs 
upon the title and dignity of Ross, but how the 
gentlemen whose names have appeared in the 
public ])ress, in connection witli these, can ad- 
vance such claims when the heirs general of the 
Earls of Koss are well known, it is impossible 
to conceive. No doubt the grounds for their 
pretentions would prove interesting and instruc- 
tive. It is sincerely to be hoped that this 
historic peerage may not meet with the fate 
of some of our ancient Scots dignities, and be 
linked with names unwortliy to bear the honours 
of tlie potent families of Uo Ros and De YIe, 
who so frequently measured their strength with 
their sovereigns 

Lord Macdonell petitioned the " King's most 
excellent majesty" thus: — 

" Your Majesty's petitioner having, in considera- 
tion of his service and sufferings, for your crown and 



interest, received from your Sacred Majesty several 
warrants under your royal hand and signet for creat- 
ing the Petitioner Earl of Ross, and bestowing upon 
him ihe rents and revenues thereof, with several other 
benefits promised to the Petitioner on the above con- 
siderations as they appear written by your Majesty's 
own royal hand or your late Secretary Sir Richard 
Nicholas who very well knoweth the grounds and 
reasons that induced your Majesty to confer the said 
grants upon him. That the Earl of Lauderdale, prin- 
cipal Secrctarie for Scots affairs, being in Scotland, 
and the time of his return uncertain and the Petitioner 
very mncli straitened by the lonfj-continued attend- 
ance here ; that for your Sacred Majesty's better in- 
formation of the Petitioner's services and sufferings, 
and how far your Majesty is concerned in Honour 
and justice to make effectual the above warrants and 
promises to him, by such further authority as your 
Majesty shall think fit to the said Earl of Lauderdale 
by whom your Majesty's further pleasure in your 
petitioner's hehalf must regularly be despatched. 

" The Petitioner most b.umbly requests, that your 
Majesty would be graciously pleased to refer examina- 
tion of above-mentioned warrants and others to Sir 
Edward Nicholas, or other Minister ot State as to 
your Majesty shall seem meet, so that your Majesty 
may better understand the equity of your Petitioner's 
desires, and thereby with the greater ease dcspntch 
authority to the Earl of Lauderdale as shall seem 
meet for making eftectua! the said warrants and royal 
promises, and the Petitioner will ever pray." 
" Whitehall. 6th September, 1063." 

Note. — " His Majesty's pleasure is to refer examina- 
tion of the aliove warrants to Sir Henry Bennett, 
Secretary of State, and report the whole matter to his 
Majesty, with his opinion wliat is fit further for his 
Majesty to do for making good the contents thereof." 
(Concluued). 



CLAN MACK AY NOTES. 

The JLic'kay Chief and Teohnichal Educa- 
tion. — At the inaugural meeting in connection with 
the Scottish Association for the Promotion of Techni- 
cal Education, held in Edinburgh recently, Lord 
Reay was elected president. His lordship has always 
taken a deep interest in this important national 
subject. 

A Mackay HiocRAi'HY. — Many Highlanders will 
be glad to learn that the talented sister of the late 
"Mackay of Uganda" has just published another 
interesting volume, d<;aling with a Mackay mis. 
sionary, entitled "A. Mackay Huthquist; or. Sing- 
ing the Gospel among Ili[idus and Gouds." It is 
published at (!s. by Hodder & Stoughton, London. 

Death of the Prince op Walbs'.s Piper. — 
Donald Mackay, for twenty years piper to the Prince 
of Wales, died on December 30th, and his retnains 
were interred in Kensal Green t'emetery. Donald 
Mackay was admitted to he the best piper of his 
time. He came of a family of famous pipers — his 
father and grandfather and five of his uncle* were all 
pipers of repute As we hi)i)e to give a recent por- 
trait of tliis notable member of the clan, in Highland 
costume, in our next is.sue, with a short accouiit of 
his career, we need say nothing further regarding 
him in the meantime. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



103 



CAMANACHD. 



MR. HUGH MacCORQUODALE, 
Hon. Secretary, Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club. 



Mr. MacCorquodale takes great interest in all High- 
land matters, and was for some years a member of 
the Glasgow Highland Regiment. 

Glasjrow. DuNCAN MoREI.SON. 




Mr. H. 3iA. CiiKnL iii.all:, whiiau portrait is given 
above, was liorn at Melfort, Argyllshii'e, in January, 
1806. While very young he removed along with 
his parents to Furnace, Lochfyneside, and in this 
well-known nursery of shinty players he acquired 
that dexterity of handling the mmau which can 
only be acquired by frequent practice. Coming to 
Glasgow in 1883, his love of the game led liiiu to 
join the Cowal Club, then playing on Cessnock 
Park, Govan, and from that time he has always 
taken a leading part in promoting its interests. 
His play in matches, in the forward division of the 
team, showed him to be worthy of his place, and 
he iias taken part in most of the club's engagements, 
in which he has seldom failed to score. Among 
the many games in which he has assisted the Cowal 
may be mentioned the cup ties, and various friendly 
matches with Glasgow Shinty Club, including that 
played at Glasgow Exhibition, the match at Edin- 
burgh with Inveraray, for which he holds the silver 
badge, the final cup tie with Furnace, and more 
recently the friendly matches with Edinburgh 
Camanachd and Oban, the famous match with 
Kingussie, and, lastly, the recent match with Balla- 
chulish. While thus assisting his club on the tield, 
Mr. MacCorquodale also took his full share in the 
working and carrying on of his club's affairs. After 
tilling the otice of treasurer for two years he was 
elected to the secretaryship, apost to which he has been 
unanimously re-elected during the past four years. 
No small share of the sviccess attending the club's 
annual concerts has been due to his eftbrts, and in 
the getting up of a club-house, which has recently 
been erected free of debt, be took a leading part. 



Glasgow Cowal — New Year'.s Day Match. — 
The ancient custom of playing a shinty match on 
New Year's Day was duly observed by the mem- 
bers of this club. The day being fine, there was a 
good attendance of phiyivs, iiirluding several mem- 
bers of the old Caiii;iii:irl[il (lub. Teams were 
chosen by Messrs. .Inhn M:irkay (president), and 
Donald MacCorquodale. The sides being well 
matched the game was kept up with great spirit for 
two liours, and resulted in a win for the Mackay 
team by 6 hails to 5. Thereafter the members 
adjourned to the new club house, where seasonable 
congratulations were indulged in. 

London Northern Counties CAMANAfiiD Club 
iv7-,sHs Glasgow Cowal. — London Scotsmen had a 
treat on Boxing Day, 20th Dec, which they have 
not enjoyed for a number of years, and the antici- 
pation of this may account for the large number of 
spectators who turned out on Wimbledon Common 
to witness the match between the above well-known 
shinty clubs. The day was all tlxat could l;e de- 
sired, althougli perhaps a trifle too warm for the 
players. On the ball being thrown up it was taken 
in hand by the Cowal men, and it was soon appar- 
ent that they had the game in their owu hands. In 
the first half the Cowal scored seven goals, and in 
the latter half increased this to ten, which gave 
them a very decisive victory. However, the Lon- 
don men played a very plucky game, but they 
lacked the scientific combination of the Cowal. 
They had evidently given little attention to " pass- 
ing " in their practice games, and this defect told 
heavily against them in the contest. The London 
players are a splendid body of men, stalwart in 
body and fleet of foot, and it only requires the in- 
troduction of a little science into their style of play, 
and a few more matclies with leading clubs, to 
make them opponents who would give a good 
account of themselves. It was, indeed, plucky of 
them to invite sucli a notable club to visit them in 
London, and we trust that they will be no way 
disheartened by their defeat, but prepare themselves 
to play the Cowal next year, when we have no doubt 
but the match will be more evenly contested. In 
the evening the London club entertained the Cowal 
team to dinner in tne Horse Shoe Restaurant — 
Superintendent Colin Chisholm (chief) in the chair 
— and a very pleasant hour was spent, enlivened 
with speeches and songs. For our own part, we 
enjoyed the trip very much, and hope that next 
year we shall have the pleasure of accepting another 
invitation from the London N C.C. Club. 

Glasgow Cowal vemns Ballachclish. — On the 
Saturday following the London match, the Cowal 
played the Ballachulish Club at .Moray Park, Glas- 
gow. During the first half th'e game was stub- 
bornly contested, the "Bally" men having the 
benefit of the wind. Indeed, all through, the match 
was exciting, both teams exerting themselves to 
the utmost. At half-time each club had scored 
one goal. On sides being changed, the Cowal men, 
having now the advantage of the wind, soon showed 
their superiority, and most of the play was in the 



104 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



■Nncinity of the Ballachulish goal. The visitors, 
however, assisted by an excellent goalkeeper, 
played a splendid defensive Kame, and several 
times broke away and raided the Cowal territory, 
but without success. The Cowal men had them 
latterly fairly in hand, and added two goals to their 
score, thus winning by 3 hails to 1. The " Bally " 
men proved themselves hardy and smart players, 
and seem ([uite able to give a good account of them- 
selves anywhere. In tlie evening the (.'owal Club 
entertained their visitors to supjier in the Victoria 
Restaurant, Mr. John .Mackay (president), editor 
of the CMic MontMij, in the chair. Speeches were 
delivered, and Gaelic and English songs rendered 
by members of both clubs. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 



i^scisi. 



Caledo.vian Pipers' Club, Edinbukoh.— The 
members of this club held their usual winter com- 
petition in the Royal Gymnsisium Hall, Fettes Row, 
on Wednesday. 27th ult., for medals presented by 
the chief, P. "Cameron, Esq., Corrychoillie. There 
was a large attendance, and the various prizes were 
keenly contested for. The prize-list was as follows : — 
Marches, Slrath.speii.s, and i?fc/.s— 1 , Piper Robb, 1st 
A. and S. Highlanders ; 2, T. Sutherland ; 3 .lohn 
Wilson; 4, M. MacRae, ])iper to Corrychoillie. 
DajiniKf;— Sword Dance— 1, W. Gunn ; 2, D. Ksrr ; 
3. T. Sutherland. At the conclusion of the competi 
tion dancing was engaged in by the whole company, 
and a very pleasant evening was spent. 

Clan Mackay Society.— The 
December meeting of this society 
was held in the Trades' Hall, and 
took the form of an entertainment. 
Mr. Ale.K. Mackay, V.-R, Charing 
< 'ross, occupied the chair, and the 
ball was crowded. Mr. \V. G. 
'Campbell, solicitor, Edinburgh, 
gave a most interesting lecture 
on "The Mackay Country," and 
exhibited a large number of 
fine lime-light views of Lord Heay's country, and 
also the more southern part of Sutherlandshire. As 
the majority of the audience were natives of the 
districts described, it. need hardly be said that the 
views shown on the screen proved of absorbing 
interest. He also showed portraits of a number of 
prominent members of the clan, each likeness being 
immediat(;ly recognised by the audience. The after 
part of the evening was devoted to a nnisical enter- 
tainment, in which members of the clan and friends 
took part. The proceedings were thoroughly en- 
joyed by all present, and the council intend arranging 
for others of a similar nature. 

Clan (iitEuoK Society. — The monthly meeting 
of this society for December was held in the North 
British Station Hotel, (Glasgow, — Mr. .Mux. M'(irigor, 
hon. secretary, in the chair. There was a large at- 
tendance. Mr John MaoGregor, solicitor, (irciiidcl;, 
delivered a lecture on " The MacGregor Country,' 
illustrated by a splendid series of photographic views 
taken by himself. Mr. MacGregor described the 
extensive country which belonged at one lime to the 
clan who were " nameless by day," and touched upon 
the Halient points of their romantic history. A series 



of portraits of distinguished members of the clan was 
also shown on the screen ; and the society's piper 
gave a selection of appropriate pipe music. The 
entertainment was greatly enjoyed, and a hearty vote 
of thanks was awarded the lecturer for the pleasure 
he had given the meeting. — The January Mf.etini; 
of the society took the form of a dinner, which was 
held in the N.B. Station Hotel, on January 9. Mr. 
AthoU MacGregor, Dunkeld (president), occupied 
the chair, and Captain A. Ronald MacGregor dis- 
charged the duties of croupier. After enjoying a 
hearty dinner, the evening was devoted to speeches 
and music. In proposing the toast of the " Clan 
Gregor," the chairnuin made a most interesting 
speech, in which he referred briefly to the society and 
and its work, and the toast was drunk with entlui 
siasm. The health of the young chief, Sir Malcolm 
MacGregor, Bart, was also honoured. Speeches 
were given by Captain A. R. MacGregor, jlessrs. 
John MacGregor, B.L., Greenock, John MacGregor, 
Dr. Scott MacGregor, and other clansmen. In pro- 
posing •' Kindred Societies," Dr. MacGregor referred 
kindly to the Celtic Monlhlii, and in replymg, Mr. 
John Mackay, secretary, Clan Mackay, suitably 
acknowledged the compliment, and congratulated tlu; 
Clan (iregor on the splendid work which tbi'y had 
accomplished, and also gave an account ol' tlie society 
of his own clan. A most enjoyable evening was 
spent. 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Bayonets AT C I' LLODEN. — Can any of your readers 
inform me in what way the bayonet was fixed in the 
guns used by the English andllighland armies at Cul- 
loden, as I have a gun which belonged to Fleming's 
Regiment, and it has not the usual catch for fixing 
the" bayonet to, having only the snuiU sight-point 
at the muzzle I — Sliocud Allan. 

Freswick Castle.— As Mr. Sutherland appears 
to be conversant with the history of the old Sinclair 
proprietors of this Castle, perhaps he may be able 
to kindly inform me at what date the estate passed 
out of the hands of its previous proprietors, the 
Mowats ; what were the Christian names of the 
last Mowat and first Sinclair owner ; and the reason 
of disposal ? Any information will oblige. — Slioch n 
Allan. 

The M'Lures.— Can you give me, through your 
magazine, any information as to the M'Lures ; who 
or what were they ; were they a clan by themselves, 
or a sept of one ; were they originally Scotsmen or 

Irish '. — KiLEARNAN. 

[Nothing is posiiieehj known as to the origin of 
this name. Conjectures may bo made. It is not 
Highland ; it is Galwegian. M'Cliver is the same 
as it. It may be derived thus— Mac (5111' imr, St. 
Ivar's servant. Dr. MacLauchlan, in his "Celtic 
(ileanings," has it " M'Gillcabhar, the servant of 
the book." — Eu.] 

Is the word " bailoach," on page 187, CMii: 
MmiihUi, correct! Maclntyre sought to convey 
the idea that the men, birds, and deer had ichuUij 
left the place. " Baileach," jus I understiUid it, is 
the valley between two hills.— Balgan-i'eolacu. 




LORD REAY, 

Chief [if the Clan Miwkwj. 



r\ 



rilE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOB HIGHLMDESS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 6. Vol. II.] 



MARCH, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 



_^^\J i^j4i!^i/ <J-<i- 

LORD REAY. 



)JT=^]HE Lords of Keay had long been sileut 
Vf.^ iu the land. Eric, the 7th Baron, 
'^r*^ had alienated the territorj- known for 
ages as the ]Maekay Country, and his imme- 
diate successors, the 8th and Dth Barons, had 
hved so much in retirement that many peojile 
imagined that the title had either become 
extinct, or had fallen into abeyance. It is not 
necessary to enter into an accoimt of the causes 
which led to this long keeping in the back- 
ground, but I will simply state the fact that 
from the death of George, the 5 th Lord Reay, 
in 1768, imtil the ^jresent jseer succeeded to 
the title iu 187(j, no Chief of the JMackays had 
appeared on a public platform iu Scotland, or 
taken his stand as a leader of men. The uolile 
Lord, however, a brief sketch of whose career 
I will now endeavoiu" to jiresent, gives promise, 
though in a very different way, to be as famous 
a mau in the annals of the clan as his renowned 
ancestor, who, with his " invincible old regi- 
ment," as Gustavus Adolphus described it, did 
so much for the cause of Protestantism and 
freedom in the thirty years' war ; and, iu 
acknowledgment of his great services, was, iu 
1028, raised to the peerage, with the title of 
Lord Keay. The first Lord Keay was a man of 
war, whose sphere was the laattlefield; the 
present Lord Keay is au educationahst of the 
highest order, whose sphere is among the 
adWsers of the nation. 

The Kight Honourable Sir Donald James 
Mackay, a Baronet of Nova Scotia, ]lth 
Baron Keaj' of Reay iu the peerage of .Scot- 
land ; Baron Keay of Durness in that of the 
United Ivingdom ; and Baron Mackay of 
Ophemert, in Holland, is descended from 
Brigadier-General the Honourable Jilneas 
Mackay, second son of John, 2nd Lord Keay, 
and was born in Holland, 22ud December, 
1839. He studied at the University of Leydeu, 
a seat of learning much frequented b}* Scots- 
men iu former days, and finished his course 



there in 1861, taking the degree of Doctor of 
Civil Law. Minv leaving the Universitj' he 
entered the Netherlands Foreign Office, and 
was for some time au attache to the Netherlands 
Legation in Loudon, and resided there from 
1802 till 1865. From that period, imtil his 
naturalisation as a British subject in 1877, 
much of his time was passed iu England and 
Scotland, and when he finally decided to settle 
iu the latter country, it was not a suri:)rise to 
his friends in Holland, though a disapjsoint- 
ment to many of them. I will here remark 
that the rehgion and character of the people iu 
Scotland and Holland have much iu common ; 
oiu- educational system, too, resembles that of 
Holland more than it does that of England ; 
and, from my ov\'n personal acquaintance with 
Dutchmen, I should say that it is as easy for a 
native of Holland to adapt himself to the 
thoughts, and ways, and habits of Ufe iu Scot- 
land as it is for an EugHshman to do so ; 
hence it was an easy aud a natural transition, 
ou the part of Lord Keay, to come to Scotland 
and settle in the country. He is au out aud 
out .Scot. His owTi words, spoken at a meet- 
ing iu Ediubm-gh, are worth remembering — 
•' I should never have left the laud of m3' biiih 
if Scottish blood had been colder within me.' 

His father, Baron iEneas Mackay of Ophe- 
mert, iu Holland, ^Minister of State aud Vice- 
President of the Council (the King being Presi- 
dent), succeeded to the .Scottish titles, as 10th 
Baron Keay, on the death of his kinsmau, 
Eric, the 9th Baron, on the 2nd June, 1875. 
He did not long possess the honoiu'S, however, 
for he died at the Hague ou the 0th ]ilarch, 
1876, much lamented h^ all who knew him, for 
he was an eminent Statesman, a devout Chris- 
tian, and a man of gi'eat benevolence. 

In 1877 Lord Reay married Mrs. Mitchell 
(widow of Captain Alexander AlitcheU of Stow), 
a most attractive and gifted woman, foud of 
scieuce, and remarkable for her sound judg- 
ment, a brilliant conversationalist, and alto- 
gether one of the most accomplished leaders 
that adorn society'. When uot iu London, 
Lord aud Lady Kea}' reside at Carolside, a 
charming residence in the south of Scotland. 

I have mentioned that Lord Reay's Scottish 



106 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



title dates from 1628. In 1881 be was created 
a peer of the United Kingdom (which gives 
him a seat in the House of Lords'), when he 
selected the title of Baron Reay of Durness, 
thus showing how his heart turned to the old 
llackay Country, and the places famous in the 
history of the clan. One of the favourite resi- 
dences of the old chiefs was Lalnakiel, in 
Dumess. 

Lord Reay had not been long settled in 
Scotland before he began to talce a part in j)ubUc 
atiau-s. interest- 
ing himself 
chiefly in edu- 
cational and 
socialquestions. 
He was much 
interested in 
the success of 
the Edinburgh 
University ter- 
ceuteuary cele- 
bration. His 
Sco ttishness 
was strongly 
marked on 
that occasion. 
1 will give 
an instance. 
One of the dele- 
gates from 
France had 
made a speech 
in the language 
of his country, 
and Lord lleay 
was asked to 
reply. On ris- 
ing to do so, he 
began by say- 
ing that he 
would show 
how tee a CO Is 
had not Jhryolteu 
the old alliance 
with France, 
and then he 
proceeded to 

return thanks on behalf (jf tlie University in 
French. Foreign politics are closely followed by 
him as well as Indian and Colonial questions. 

In 1885 he was appointed Governor of Bom- 
bay, and completed his live years' term of 
office with brilhaut success. Not long before 
leaving India he laid the foimdation stone of a 
school, to be kn(jwn as "Liwly Keay's Girls' 
iSchool.'' At the ceremony tjne of the native 
piinces made a sj)eech. and among other 
things said — "'I cannot help observing that if 
your Excellency's tenure of office is to be grate- 




fidly remembered for one thing more than 
another, it will be for the singularly remarkable 
fact that while your Excellency — a known 
educationahst yourself — is a strong supporter 
of scholastic and technical education for our 
rising youths and artisan classes, Lady Reay 
has been most unremitting in her pains to 
ameliorate the intellectual position of the 
gentler sex by all possible means. I do not 
know if our Presidency ever before was so 
doubly fortunate.' Comment on this high 
jjraise of bene- 
ticial work is 
mmecessarj'. 

Lord and 
Lady Reay re- 
turned from 
India in 1890, 
and one of then' 
earliest public 
ap pearances, 
after getting 
back to Scot- 
land, was at the 
annual gather- 
ing of the Clan 
M a c k a y S o- 
ciet}' for that 
year. They re- 
ceived a most 
enthusiastic 
welcome ; and 
his Lord.ship's 
address on that 
ori'iision was 
(lcscrii)('d in tlie 
newspapers as 
being " a model 
speech, but con- 
taining much 
more thought 
than is usually 
found in such 
addresses." Rut 
his speeches 
are a 1 w a y s 
thoughtful, his 
style clear and 
graceful ; and on any subject on which he 
speaks he seldom says a word more than is 
absolutely necessary. He takes a lively interest 
in all matters atl'ectiug the welfare of the people 
of Scotland, and especially in everything con- 
nected with his clan. 

He is not a politician, but a Statesman. I 
would describe hmi as an advanced Liberal of 
a philosophical type, interested more in the 
jiromotion of measures tliat will benelit the 
J'jmpire and all classes than in promoting 
sectional interests — one who " prefers measures 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



107 



to lueu." For the past eighteen mouths 
be has been chieflj' occupied in the working 
out of a plan, by a Royal Commission, for 
the establishment of a Teaching University 
iu London, which has just reported to the 
Government. He is connected with many im- 
portant societies and institutons ; is Presi- 
dent of the Royal Asiatic Society, and of the 
Society for Promoting Secondary Education in 
Scotland; Vice-President of the Liternational 
Colonial Institute. The Universities of St. 
Andrews and Edinbiu'gh also conferred on 
him the degree of LL.D. : and iu IHS-l he 



was elected Lord Rector of the University of 
St. i\jidrews. To commemorate his governor- 
ship, his statue will be erected in Bombay. It 
has just been finished by the eminent sculptor, 
Mr. A. Gilbert, R.A , who has bestowed on it 
a la\ish amount of labour, and produced a real 
work of art. 

The two strikiug portraits which accompany 
this sketch give a good idea of the personal 
appearance of Lord and Lady Reay. As Chief 
of the Clan Mackay, his Lordship appropriately 
appears in the Highland dress. 

Wicshaiien, Uermaliv, JoHN MaCKAY. 





CAROLSIDE, BEEWICKSHIRE-BESIDENCE OF LORD REAY 



Clan Mackenzie Society. — The annual gatlier- 
iiii; took place in the in the Oddfellows' Hall, 
Edinburgh — Mr. James S'ackenzie, F.S.A., in the 
chair. The chairman delivered an address upon 
the past history of the clan. An e.xcellent concert 
and assembly followed. 

Glasgow Celtic Society. — The annual general 
meeting was held in the Religious Institution 
Eooms — Colonel Menzies in the chair. The direc- 
tors in their report stated that relief had been 
•rfiven to 50 deserving applicants, and two bursaries 
had been awarded to Gaelic-speaking students. 
\'acancies in the list of office-bearers were then 
tilled up. 



The Isl.ay Association held their annual social 
gathering in the Waterloo Rooms, on the 7th ult., 
Mr. Arch. Sinclair, Celtic Press, in the chair. 
There were 1.500 persons present, the Grand H:dl 
being uncomfortably crowded. The chairman de- 
livered an eloquent and patriotic address upon 
" Green grassy Islay," the latter part of his speech 
being in Gaelic. He received a most enthusiastic 
reception. Addresses were also delivered by other 
distinijuished Islaymen. The concert was very en- 
joyable, and the assembly was also well attended. 
This gathering was by far the largest of the season, 
the result, no doubt, of the chair being occupied 
by such a popular Colt as Mr Sinclair. 



108 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



SHOTTY DOOLT'S COURTSHIP. 



Bv Reid Tait. 



{Continued from pa'je 87). 

aT^vT^E knelt thus for more than a hour and 
^^*?^p and the strong man's voice was broken 
'=iti with sobs. This was the romance of his 
life, the one flower in his barren existence. He 
had never had any near relationships, no mother 
or sister's tender hand hadever made life smoother 
for poor Shotty. On Aiisa he had lavished all 
the love of his strong heart, and without her he 
would be desolate indeed. 

At length Shotty grew calmer, and a spirit of 
resignation came upon him. 

" Thou hast taken from me the joy of mine 
eyes," he said, in the language of Scripture, 
which rose naturally to his lips, " Thou hast 
withheld the desire of mine heart. Even so, 
Lord, for so it seemeth good in Thy sight." 

Shotty rose from his knees, feeling calmed 
and strengthened, but with a face that looked 
as if he had passed through a mortal sickness. 

While this was passing, what were Donald 
and Ailsa really doing! 

Donald had left the Camerons' cottage that 
afternoon in a passion, bitterly angry and 
thoroughly surprised at Ailsa for lier utter 
rejection of his proposals. But as he thought 
it over he resolved to try again. He had 
avowed his intention of marrying her so openly 
that it would l)e very awkward for him if she 
refused him, and he thought it could not be 
possible that she really meant it. He joined 
her coming out of church to renew his oft'er, and 
see if he could not prevail upon her. But Ailsa 
would have none of him, and by the time they 
had reached her own gate sIk; had succeeded in 
convincing Donald that she meant \\\\a.i she 
said. 

" I ken hoo it is," he said, relapsing into his 
native tongue, and forgetting the English which 
he was acquiring with such pains, " I've heard 
aboot it. Your thinkin' o' takin' Shotty Doolt. 
A gran' man him, wi' not even a name o' his own 
to give you. Shotty!" and Donald Eraser ex- 
pressed whole volumes of contempt and scorn in 
this last word. 

Ailsa raised her head proudly, and her lilue 
eyes flashed. 

" I'm no ashamed o' his name," she said. 
Then trying to show how she honoured and re- 
spected the man who had been a true friend to 
her, she added defiantly " Its a line name, J lovc^ 
it and — and — liinisel' too," and then rather 
ashamed of her avowal, she ran away into the 



house and up to a closet which she called her 
own room and, although not one of the cry- 
ing sort, she cried as if her heart would break, 
exactly why, she did not know. 

Ailsa expected Shotty that evening but he did 
not come. Then came Monday, and she thought 
he would be round when he came back from the 
fishing, but she was again disappointed. 

On Tuesday evening Ailsa thought she would 
go out. She understood what was the matter 
with Shotty and longed to put things right. 

"I'm going out mither," she said to Mrs. 
Cameron, who sat, pale and thin, but with a look 
of returning health on her face, in the arm chair 
that Shotty had bought for her, "I'll no be lang." 
" If you see Shotty, tell him I'm wearyin' for 
him," said Mrs. Cameron. 

Ail.sa went down the village street and on to 
the beach. It was tea time and the place was 
deserted. Not quite deserted though, for at a 
short distance she could see the figure of a man. 
It was Shotty, sitting beside his boat, mending 
a net. At least he had the net in his bands, but 
he was doing nothing to it, he was looking out 
upon the sea with a pained expression on his 
Ijrown face that touched the gii'l. 

" Shotty," she said, as she came up behind 
him, and he sprang up with a start. 

" What's been ailin' ye that you havena been 
to see us lately?" she asked reproachfully. 
" Mither has been askin' for ye." 

The gladness died out of his eyes, it was her 
mother then that wanted him ! Ailsa saw her 
mistake, she had not meant to give this im- 
pression. 

" I've been busy," he said, " but I'll be -along 
to night to see her, since she wants me." 

" I want ye too, Shotty," said the girl, her 
cheeks growing pink. Their usual iiosition was 
reversed now, Ailsa was shy, but Shotty had 
gone thiough so much lately that he was lifted 
above such a surface emotion. 

" I'm thinkin, lassie, you ha ither friends now, 
ye'll no be wantin' me." 

"I've nae ither friends, Shotty," she replied. 
" I'm no sae fickle as that 1 hope" 

Shotty came close to her and laid his big 
brown hand on her shoulder. No one was in 
sight and there was no sound but the beating of 
the waves on the .sea shore. 

"Ailsa," he said almost hiarsely, "diiina play 
W'i' me, lass. 1 i-anna bear it ! " 

" I'm no playin' wi you," said Ailsa, fairly 
bursting into tears, and hiding lirr l)urning face 
on his breast, and — 

Well, and Shotty Doolt's reward, full measure, 
pressed down and running over, had come at 
last. 

CONCLUDED. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



109 



LACHLAN MACLEAN, COLL, 

Author of "Tiik History ok the Ckltic 
Language," " Adiiamu agus Eubii," iVe. 



By Fionn. 



fT is questionable if we who live in an age 
when matters Celtic are in the ascendant 
— are sufficiently grateful to those who, dur- 
ing the denationalising period covered by the 
closing decades of the past century and the 
opening ones of tlie present, drew together the 
dying embers of tlie Gaelic fire and fanned the 
flickering flame of Celtic sentiment. It is im- 
possible now to make up a complete muster-roll 
of those patriots who were doubtless regarded, 



even by their friends, as a forlorn hope. Occu- 
pying a leading place in this patriotic liand was 
one whose name at least is familiar to many, 
but regarding whom little else is known to the 
ordinary reader. 

Lachlan MacLean, the author of the Gaelic 
work, " Adhamh ai/iis Eubh," and several other 
works, was born at Arnabost, Coll, Argyllshire, 
in 1798. He received liis education in his 
island home, and when quite a young man came 
to Glasgow, and was received into the employ- 
ment of Mr. Daniel Cook, a native of Arran, 
who had a hosiery shoj) at 23 Argyle Street. 
When Mr. Cook retired, in 1829, Mr. MacLean 
purchased his business, carrying it on in the 
same premises till 1841. An advertisement in 




ARNABOST, COLL, BIUTHl'l.ACE OF LAI'IILAN MACLEAN. 



" Ciiairtear nan Gleann" ior June, 1841, states 
that Mr. MacLean, having disposed of his 
hosiery business in Argyle Street, had assumed 
as a partner Mr. James Picken, and that they 
had o])ened a clothier's shop at 92 Queen Street, 
under the firm of MacLean it Picken. The co- 
partnery, which did not prove a profitable one, 
ended in 1843. About this time Mr. Mac- 
Lean's health gave way. He started a little 
bookshop in the Argyle Arcade, but it did not 
prove a success. Through the intercession of 
his friend, Dr. Norman MacLeod, St. Coluniba 
Church, and the influence of the Members of 
Parliament for the city, Mr. MacLean got an 
appointment in the General Post-Office. His 
health broke down, however, shortly after he 



entered the service, and he died at his own 
residence, 49 Oxford Street, Glasgow, 22nd 
November, 1848, and was buried in the Southern 
Necropolis of that city. Mr. ilacLean left a 
widow and five of a family — four daughters and 
one son. The son, Norman MacLeod MacLean, 
and two daughters, Agnes and Jane, are still 
alive, and resident in Australia. 

Mr. MacLean had a taste for literature, and 
contributed regularly to the Gaelic periodicals 
of his time. He also published some seven or 
eight separate works. His articles in the 
" Teachdaire Gaelach" (I82S-31), "An Teac/ulaire 
ur Gaidhealach" (183.5-36) — of which he was 
said to be editor — "Cuaiitear nan Gleann" 
(1840-43), will be found over such signatures as 



110 



THE CELTIC ISIONTHLY. 



"■Mac Talla," " Eughan Og," '■'■An Gael anns a' 
bhaile," Mnd " Am Buirdeasach Ban." As early 
as 1828 he edited a small collection of Gaelic 
hymns for a blind man in Skye. The work is 
called "Dain Spioradail le Ebin Mwison on 
EUe.in Sgiathanach."* This work contains 
three original compositions by the editor, he 
having been allowed to insert them therein. 
His first literary venture was in 1833, when he 
published " An Historical Account of lona." 
This work reached four editions. The third 
(1838) and the fourth (1841) editions are identi- 
cal, diliering materially from the first and second 
editions. In 1837 he published the work which 
secured him literary fame among Highlander.s, 
" Adhaiiih agiin Eubh — Craohh-shfianachais nan 
Gaiil." 'Ihe following year, 1838, he published 
a little work, entitled " Sketches of St. Kilda, 
taken down for the greater jjart from the oral 
narration of Rev. N. Mackenzie, clergyman of 
the island." In 1840 he wrote "The History 
of the Celtic Language," being to a great extent 
a translation of his Gaelic work "Adhamh agus 
Eubh." In the same year he translated into 
Gaelic a little work entitled "The Life of 
Andrew Dunn." This work had been previ- 
ously translated (1829) by P. MacFarlane.f In 
1845 he jtublished a pocket manual of etiquette 
in Gaelic, called " Jlaighinier na' Modhdnrian" 
In the same year " The Native Steamboat Com- 
panion'' was published anonymously, but there 
is ample internal evidence to show that it 
emanated from the pen of the author of "The 
History of the Celtic Language." It is said 
that he translated Dugald Buchanan's hymns 
into English, but the translations do not seem 
to have been published in a collected form. 
That he was well qualified for such a task is 
evident from the excellent translation he made 
of Evan Mac Coil's poem, " Mairi." J He also 
composed several songs and poems — some in 
English and some in Gaelic — which are to be 
found in the periodical literature of his day. 
When Dr MacLeod was minister of Campsie, he 
instituted, in 1828, the Glasgow University 
Ossianic Society, for the benefit of Highland 
students. Mr. MacLean was elected an Hono- 
rary Member, or Fellow, and took an active 
interest in its deliberations. Ur. MacLeod 
(Caraid nan Gaidheal) came to Glasgow from 
Campsie in 183.5, and he soon secured Mr. 
JIacLean as one of his most loyal supporters 
and hearty co-workers in the Celtic field. Mr. 
MacLean, who was a member of the Secession 
Church, left that body and joined Dr. MacLeod's 



• Reid's "Dihliolhica ScoloCcltica," p. 96. 
+ Reid's " BiUwlliica Scotu-Villlca." p. 139. 
i Poems and Songs by Evan MacCoU (Toronto, 1885), 
p. 114. 



congregation, where he was afterwards ordained 
an elder. Dr. ilacLeod found in Mr. MacLean 
a man after his own heart, so full of Celtic 
enthusiasm, and so an.xious to spend and be 
spent in the service of his fellow-Highlanders, 
and his shop at 23 Arg3'le Street became a 
Celtic rendi'zronf!. where such literary High- 
landers as Dr. JMacLeod, John MacKenzio, of 
the " Beauties of (jaelic Poetry," and Evan 
MacCoU, the Lochfyne bard, met and exchanged 
views. 

Mr. MacLean is described by one who knew 
him well as being, " if anything, under the 
ordinary standard, rather square and thick set, 
with a very pleasant, open countenance, frank, 
free, and hearty in his manner — a most genial 
and amusing conii>anion. He had a ready wit, 
with a keen sense of humour." In a descrip- 
tion of the complimentary dinner given to Dr. 
Norman MacLeod in 1830, contributed by Mr. 
MacLean to the " Ti'.achdaire Ga/'lach," he refers 
to " J/"'' 'fid/ii " (him.self) as follow-s : — Cnap- 
airni'itrli Inid'n-. /aiceil de dh'fhior Ghaidheal a 
rnhiti/i/itir Kdnui Chola mar chuala mi; agns 
air m' J'hacul Jirintieach chuir e dheihgu (/('«,<"* 
(a strong, stout, sturdy lump of a true High- 
lander belonging to the island of Coll). 

Mr. MacLean wrote his mother-tongue idio- 
matically, with great force and considerable 
grace of diction, while his style of English 
leaves little to be desired. Indeed he was one 
of the few who could write Gaelic as if he knc w 
no English, and English as if he knew no Gaelic. 
His love and enthusiasm for Gaelic amounted to 
a passion, as the following incidents will illus- 
trate : — When he lay dying intimation was .sent 
to St. Columba Church, as was the custom, that 
he should be remembered in the prayers of tin- 
congregation. This intimation was intended for 
the forenoon Gaelic service, but by some mis- 
take it was delayed till the English service in 
the afternoon. The person entru.sted with this 
message returned home in the evening, and was 
asked by Lachlan if lie was j)rayed for at the 
Gaelic service. When informed that it was only 
at the English service that he was prayed for he 
looked astonished, and heaving a heavy sigh 
exclaimed — '■'Cfia dean e feum sam hith" (It 
can do no good). It is said that when on his 
deathbed, and so low that ho was thought to bo 
both speechless and unconscious, some one called, 
and spoke Gaelic in his presence. His ear 
caught the sound, he roused himself, and with 
an eflbrt exclaimed, " Canaln mo dhidhrlia 
chuala mi aon iiair eile tJm " (My native tongue, 
once more I have heard thy tones) — and shortly 
afterwards passed quietly away to join the 
assembly of "just men made perfect." 

• "An Teaclidaire Oaclach," Vol. ii., p. 188. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



111 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



By Chakles Fraser-Mackintosh, F.S.A. (Scot.)- 



Part \Y .^{continued from page 92). 






VIL— 3!j^«- RCHIBALD succeeded his father 
iKf^J, James JNIacdonald, no doubt so 
M?' ^ called, seeing the name had not 
occurred before, after the Earl of Argyle. In 
1564, during his father's lifetime, he received a 
charter of the extensive barony of Bar, in Kin- 
tyre, wherein 
he is designed 
son and ap- 
parent heir uf 
James Mac- 
do n a 1 d of 
D 11 n y V a i g. 
This charter 
included the 
3(l-raerk land 
of S u n a r t. 
The only 
document I 
have connect- 
ed with Archi- 
bald is pre- 
cept of Clare 
Cons tat, 
signed by 
Arch i bald, 
5 th Earl of 
Argyle, in 
favour of 
Archibald 
Macdonald of 
D u n y V a i g 
and the Glens, 
as heir of his 
late father, 
James, for in- 
fefting him 
in the lands 
of Ardnaraur- 
chan. The 
precept bears 
that James 
died in the 

reign of Henry and Mary (29th July, 1565- 
10th February, 1567). The precept is signed 
by the Earl, and has his seal attached, but 
neither place, witness, nor date, except " one 

thousand five hundred and sixty years," the 

indication inferring it was prepared in the 
reign of Henry and Mary, and if, as is recorded, 
Jauies Macdonald was taken prisoner on 2nd 
May, 1565, he must have survived until after 
29th July of that year. The date of Archibald's 
death is uncertain, but in his time, as well as 







":i:anti:ii i;v ai;i '1III:\i,l>, 



that of his father and grandfather, the family 
estates were built up anew, and seemed to be 
firmly re-established. Frequent mention is 
made of a third brother of Archibald's, no 
doubt the younger son (Archibald being then 
dead) referred to by Lady Tyrone in her nego- 
tiations with England, whom she was willing 
to have the Irish estates and be subject to 
Queen Elizabeth. On the other hand, the Eng- 
lish, to punish Sorley Buie and frustrate his 
schemes, gave promises of the Glens to Angus 
and his son, who, however, elected to transact 
with Sorley, 
and ultimate- 
ly, as I have 
said, Sorley 
came to final 
terms with 
Queen Eliza- 
beth. Arclii- 
b a I d M a c- 
donald was 
succeeded by 
VIII.— 
Angus Mac- 
donald, who 
received from 
Ar ch i bald, 
5th Earl of 
Argyle, a pre- 
cept of Clare 
Constat, in 
A r d namur- 
chan, as heir 
of his father, 
James, signed 
'Ar-"- Ergyle,' 
dated Edin- 
burgh, 16th 
May, 1569, 
of which a 
fac-simile is 
here given. 
The seal, 
natural size, 
in fine pre- 
servation, is 
also given. 
Angus also 
received a precept for infeftment in these lands, 
as heir of Archibald Macdonald, the propin- 
quity being left blank. This charter is dated 
at Duart, 10th October, 1570, the witnesses 
being Dougall Campbell of Auchinbreck, James 
Campbell of Ardkiuglass, John, Bishop of the 
Isles, Alexander Macnaughton of Dunondaralbie, 
John Stewart, and others. The seal is gone. 
Gregory says that Angus's name first appears in 
157i3, but he began making up titles, as shown 
above, in 1569. He succeeded to a great estate, 



. i;ai:i, u\ .\va.\ , i;, 



112 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



but, pursued by ill fate, mingled with folly, died 
practically a beggar. The unravelment of his 
complicated career is too wide for these papers, 
and some of the more salient points only can be 
touched upon. Angus resolved to strengthen 
his influence by entering into bonds of friend- 
ship with men of consequence and septs of 
fighting men, extending as far north as Inver- 
ness.* The first date 1 have is one with James 
Lamont of Inveryne, dated Towart, 1st Septem- 
ber, 1579, and is as follows : — 

"At Towart, the first day of August, in the year 
of God 15G'J years. 
It is appointed, 
agreed, and ended 
betwixt the Right 
Honourable person.s 
underwritten. They 
are, to say, Angus 
M'Donill of Dunnie- 
weg, Oge, and Glon- 
nis on the one part, 
and James Lament 
of Inveryne on tlie 
tother part, as after 
follows : — That for 
as meikle as there 
hivs been in times 
past, amity, friend- 
ship, and kindno.ss 
betwixt the said par- 
tics houses, and to 
the effect that the 
same may continue, 
in times coming 
amongst them, the 
saidAngus M'Donill 
binds and obliges 
him, by the tenour 
hereof, to stand ane 
afald friend to the 
said James Law- 
mount and his 
house, and shall 
fortify, maintain, 
and defend them in 
all and sundry tlieir 
just actions, causes, 
and debates against 
w h a t s o m c V e r in 
times coming, the 

authority, and my Lord of Argille only excepted. For 
the which cause the said James Lawmoiit, his kin 
and friends, and their house, binds and obliges them 
and their heirs to take ane afald part with the said 
Angus and his house, and to serve and obey him in 
all and sundry his and their causes, ciuarrcls and de- 
bates, lawful and honest, against whatsunicver person 
or persons in times coming, the authority and my 
Lord Erllo of Argilo being excepted, and, in verifica- 

• There was a contract of friendship betwixt Donald 
Gormc of Slcat, for himself, and taking burden upon 
him for Angus vie James Lord of Kiiityrc, on tlie one 
part, and Lachlan Mackintosh, Cajitain of the Clui 
Chattan, on the other part, executed at Inverucis, 
penult May, 1587. 



SEAL 1)K .\1«'I111!.\IJ), :VrM E.\KL 01-' AUGYLE, 1500. 



tion hereof, both the saids parties, have subscribed 
this present contract with their subscription manual, 
day, year, and place above written before these wit- 
nesses — Archibald vie Angus Ilycht, Johne vie 
Alexander of Large, Johne Lawmont of Askok 
Donald Campbell of Auchyr.mollen, Archibald Camp- 
bell, Capitane of Dunnon, and Robert Stewart of 
Auchynske, with others diverse. (Sitjned) Angus 
M'Connalloff Downweag, James Lamont of hmeryne." 
The family of Lamont of that ilk is an ancient 
one, found as early as 1230 holding lands in 
Kilfinan of Cowell, and the Inveryne branch, 
an important one, practically supplanted the 
head for about a 
century. In 1548, 
the names of John 
Lamont, of In- 
neryne, and Dun- 
can, iiis son and 
heir-apparent, ap- 
pear, and in 1597 
this James Lamont 
is served heir to 
his son Robert in 
the extensive 
barony of Inner- 
yne, within the 
Deanery of Glas- 
sary. Referring 
to the witnesses, 
the ilacdonalds of 
l^argie, in Kin- 
tyre, descended of 
Ranald, y<iurig(i- 
•son of Donald 
Balloch, long held 
a good position ; 
Jolm Lament and 
Robert Stewart, 
both Askok and 
Auchynske, lay 
within the Barony 
of Inneryne ; in 
1536, Robert 
Campbell of 
Auchyniyllne, a 
.£5 land, includ- 
ing the mill lying within the old Pari.sh of 
Dunoon and Bailiary of Cowell, is mentioned ; 
and, in 1571, the Karl of Argyle grants to 
Archibald Campbell, keeper of the Castle of 
Dunoon, a piece of land called "The Castle 
Aiker," lying near the Castle of Dunoon, with 
the oftice of steward or bailie of the town of 
Dunoon, the four-merk lands of Inellan, itc, 
and, in 1573, this Archibald is styled Captain of 
Dunoon. 

The next bond is with the Clan Allister beg, 
and it is fortunate that Sir James IMacdonahl 
had endorsed the document, " Bond, Clan 
Allister beg, in Aran, bairnes part of gear and 



1 


^^^^^^^d 


1 


■ ^ 




1 


1 


^^i^^n 


1 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



11.3 



calpes," tliereby indicating the localit}', which is 
not mentioned in tlie body of tlie document. 
This document is very curious, and includes 
many names of tlie people inhabiting three 
hundred years ago the lands of JNIachrimore, 
^Machribeg, and others on the west side of 
Arran antl Pari.sh of Kilmorie. In the years 
144.5 to 1450, Ronald vio Ailister was tenant 
under the Crown of considerable lands, rented 
in all at £1-3 6s. 8d. and six bolls ferme, whereof 
Machremore and Achagallane were rented at 
40s., and during all these years Ranald paid no 
rent. In 14.55 Donald Balloch paid the island 
of Arran a hostile visit and some of the crimes 
for which John Lord of the Isles and Earl of Ross 
was forfeited in 
1475, were stated 
to be depredations 
and slaughters com- 
mitted by him in the 
Isles of Bute and 
Arran. The l'O- 
merks land of Shis- 
ken, in Arran, was 
granted by Regi- 
nald, son of Somer- 
led, in 1250, to the 
monks of Sagadull. 
In 1556, James Mac- 
donald of Isla, who 
ajipears to have 
claimed or pos.sessed 
these lands, resigned 
the sameinfavourof 
James, Earl of Ar- 
ran ; and in consider- 
ation of his being in- 
feft in the lands of 



Saddel, and ke ![)ing the place of the same, with its 
fees and emoluments, by James, Duke of Chatel- 
herault, he (James) bound himself not only to re- 
frain from invasions and slaughters in the island 
of Arran, but also to defend and maintain the 
same from invasion by others. Angus Mac- 
donald renewed his father's obligation by bond 
to John, Lord Hamilton, dated at Hamilton, 
20th April, 1591. By the document now given, 
the Clan Ailister beg (" Sliochd Iain our vie 
Ailister") appear to have sought protection of 
Angus. The giving of calpe was felt as a most 
grievous tax. I observe that on 2.5th Septem- 
ber, 1591, John dhu vie Ailister vie Ranald, 
for himself, and as taking burden on him for 
his sons, and his 
foster-child, Archi- 
bald M'Conill, son 
of Angus M'Conill 
of D u n i V a i g, 
binds himself and 
them as servants 
and obedient 1 to 
John, Lord Hamil- 
ton. This sept 
wei-e styled Clan 
Ailister beg, doubt- 
less to distinguish- 
them from the Clan 
Ailister of Kin- 
tyre, descended of 
Allister,son of Don- 
ald, the grandson 
of Somerled. The 
heads of this Clan 
Ailister were known 
as the Macallisters 
(To be continued.) of Loupe. 




Sir W.alter Scott, writint,^ to his daughter re<rardinor her c< 
plated visit to the North of Ireland on 29th July, 1S20, 
" Vou will be delighted with the Oiant's Causeway, and m 
I think, with the old Castle of Dunluce." 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 



The Clan Fraser.— I have been told that the 
Fraser Clau have the right of keeping their lioniiets 
on before the Queen of Scotland. Is it true \ and 
why I — Ellax. 

Gaelic Song Wanteh. — Will any reader of the 
Celtte Miiidhlij kindly inform me where 1 can pro- 
cure nnisic and words of a Gaelic song, the cliurus 
being ; — 

'* .\n cluinn thu mi mo chailin donn 
Eisd is thoir an aire dhomh, 
Tha moran dhaoin' am barail ann 
Gur h-og an leannan domhs' thu." 

— Oganach, Conon. 

Freswick Castle. — I shall reply to " Sliochd 
Allan" in the order he lias put his questions. The 
estate of Freswick passed out of the hands of the 
Mowats of Bucliollie, and into those of the Sinclairs, 
in the year 1061. The Christian name of the last 
proprietor of the name of Mowat was Magnus, and 
the Christian name of the iirst proprietor of the 
name of Sinclair was William. This William was 
of Ratter, and a grandson of Sir John Sinclair, of 



Greenland. The cause of sale was that Blagnus 
Mowat required money to meet his obligations. 
It has since been in the possession of the Sinclairs. 
— George M. Sutherland, Wick. 

The Morrisons.— In reply to " Balgan-peol- 
ach's" enquiry in the January issue, I may say 
that the Morrisons are a Highland family belonging 
to Lewis — the famous brervs or judges of Torquil of 
Lewis (IGth century). Captain Thomas, in Vol. 
xii. of the " Transactions of the Society of Anti- 
quaries," discusses them at length. The Gaelic is 
M'G-llh-mhuire — the English is an adaptation to 
the real English name Morrison — Maurice's son ; 
and on the Perthshire borders of the Lowlands 
doubtless that is the correct idea. The name is 
Scotch and English. There is no tartan that I 
know of — but, doubtless, one can easily be made ! 
The Morrisons are fairly numerous. — Ian Beg. 



" Baileach." — We regret that we have been com- 
pelled to hold over two replies to " B.Tlgan-peolach "' 
on the definition of the word " Baileach."— Eu. 



114 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS 

.til Commiinirntiuns, on lileraiif iiiul hii.iilirsH 
niallera. shotthl be addrissed to the Editor, Mr. JOHS 
MACKAY, IT Jhindas Street, Kiii<iston, Gla.i(ioir. 

-®- 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union— for one year, 4s. 



The 



Celtic Monthly 

MARCU, 1894. 



Lord Rkav (with plate) asd Lady Reav (with portait), - 105-107 

SllOTTV DOOLT'S ColRTiHIP, lOS 

Lachla.n Maclean, Com, (Illustrated), Iii9 

The Last Macdosalds OK IsLA, Part 4 (illustrated), ■ 111 

HiouuAKD Notes asd Qieries, 113 

A lIiaHiASD Clib-Hbnrv Wiivtk Testimokiai,— Oi r Next 

ISSfE, ^^^ 

TosoiE ASD ITS Historic Sl-rroi'Sdisos (illustrated), - • ILi 

Gaelic Airs to Ik)wlano Sosos, 118 

The Reat Fkscibles (illustrated), ll'J 

Abstract of Ossias's Covalla, 120 

HiouLAXD Ancestry ok Dr. David Livixosto.nb, • • 121 

LBITEtt TO TIIE.EDITOR, 122 

CbIDFaILTEDOM' DlIUTUAICli, 123 

News ok tub Month, 124 

A HIGHLAND CLUB. 

We are pleased to notice that a movement has been 
set on foot in Edinburgh to institute a club in con- 
nection with the various Highland societies in that 
city, which would serve as a common meetins-place 
for the members of the various clan, county, and 
other organisations. The proposal is a really useful 
one, and we trust that it will be heartily taken up by 
the associations interested. 

If such a club is required in Edinburgh, how much 
more so is it in Glasgow, with its great Highland 
population, and its numerous Gaelic, clan, county, 
and other Highland societies. Now, it is a curious 
fact, that although there are so many of these institu- 
tions, few of the members of any one of them know 
the members of any other society. Of course, the 
secretaries may be personally acquainted with a few 
of the office-bearers of kinilred societies, but, generally 
speaking, the members are not. Each society is in 
this sense exclusive. Now, we are of opinion that a 
greater intercourse among the members of the various 
societies would be of mutual benefit to all, and more 
in accordance with the spirit of the old Highland 
watchword, "Highlanders, shoulder to shoulder!" 
This policy of " isolation " is detrimental to the 
Highland cause generally, as it is in a greater degree 
to the organisations interested. In the case of the 
many clan societies a closer communion among the 
different clansmen would give rise to a spirit of 
emulation, and each society would learn something 
useful in regard to the management of tlu? others. 
For a long time we have advocated the institution of 
a club, or some place where the members of all the 
societies could meet together for mutual benefit. 
There might be a large reading-room, with several 
smaller rooms where monthly or committee meetings 



could be held. A useful library of Highland litera- 
ture might also be kept hero. We were glad to hear 
this matter discussed in a practical and sensible way 
at two recent meetings of the Clan (iregor Society, 
and we trust that it will be considered at the first 
meetings of the other societies —of which there are 
nearly one hundred in Glasgow and neighbourhood. 
We shall be glad to hear from our readers as to the 
feeling of the various associations, and will publish 
any short letters on the subject which may be sent to 
us. If there is a general opinion in favour of the 
proposal, a meeting of office-bearers could be called, 
and a suitable scheme readily agreed upon. 

We akb indebted to Mr. D. T. MacDonald. Calu- 
met, U.S.A., and Mr. J. Johnstone, Partick, for the 
photoengraving which appears in connection with 
the sketch of " Lachlan Maclean," by " Fionn ;" and 
also to Mr. William Gordon Campbell, solicitor, 
Edinburgh, Mr. D. W. Kemp, B<linburgli, and Mr. 
Angus Mackay, Cambuslang, for the use of negatives 
and prints of the illustrations to Mr. .Mackay, Here- 
ford's, article. 



HENRY WHYTE TESTIMONIAL. 

We beg to acknowledge, with thanks, recei])t of the 
following subscriptions towards the testimonial to 
our valued contributor, " f loiiji " :— John Mackay, 
C.E., J. P., Hereford, £5 ; C. Fraser-Maekintosh, Lon- 
don, £5 ; Colonel Charles Stewart (" TiijlCii Dtiiii''), 
£3 3s ; Dr. 1). MacGregor, M.l'. for Inverness-shire, 
£1 Is ; Dr. K. N. MacUonald, Gesto Hospital, Skye, 
£1 Is; Neil Madeod (the Skye bard), £1 ; Robert 
Fergusson, Stirling, £1; Professor O'Grownev. May- 
nooth, Ireland, £1 ; A. B., lOs Cd ; D. R. C'lOs Gd ; 
Dr. H. MacNicol, Dalmally, lOsCd; Duncan Reid, 
Glasgow, 10s Gd ; John MacGregor, Bearsden, 5s ; A. 
R. MacLeod, Stirling, 5s; " A Highland (iirl," Currie, 
2s 6d ; Margaret Mackay, Glasgow, 2s Gd ; Alexander 
Stewart. Polmont, Is; Dugald MacLcllan, Falkirk, Is. 
We shall be very glad to receive further subscrip- 
tions from our readers, which will be duly acknow- 
ledged in our next issue. We trust th-it the list will 
be a much larger one than the jjresent. 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

We will jiresent our readers with a lirelike plate-por 
trail of Sir .Malcolm MacGregor, Bart., chief of tin' 
clan, who attains his majority in a few months. Tlu' 
portrait represents him in the Highland dress. We 
will also give finely engraved portraits, with biogra- 
phical sketches, of the late Dr. A. B. M'Grigor, Glas- 
gow ; Major A. Y. Mackay, Grangemouth; Mr. 
Archibald MacMillan (better known as " Jeems 
Kaye"), Glasgow, chieftain of the Clan MacMillan 
Society. In addition to these, the continuation of 
Mr. C. Fraser-Mackintosh's papers on " The Last 
MacDonalds of Isia" will be illustrated with an en- 
graving of the tombstnue of John of Arduaniurchan, 
and his sister Mariot, in lona, and fdc-.iimilts of the 
Dunyvaig and Bute Bond, and the signatures to a 
document dated l(!03; Mr. Mackay, Hereford's, next 
article will be attractively illustrated with fine views 
of the Mackay country ; and tl'.c editor will contribute 
a short story of the supernatural, the scene of which 
is laid in Sutherlandshire, which will also be siiilalily 
illustrated. Other interesting contributions and en- 
gravings will also appear in our next issue. 



TIIK CELTIC! MOXTHLV 



115 



TONGUE AND ITS HIST0R8C 
SURROUNDINGS. 



By John Mackay, C.E., J.P., Hticfoid. 



Part II. — {Contimied from p ige 97). 
|p|P||HE Norsemen having now been expelled 
VKJ' from the Reay Country, the Chiefs Alex- 
"s=i=^ ander, Walter, and Martin successively 
set themselves to put in order the territory 
allotted them l)y William the Lion, and to con- 
solidate their influence over it. They very soon 
acquired the goodwill and respect of their im- 
mediate ix'tainers, and of the suirounding tribes, 
who, by the protection given them, soon became 
amalgamated into one clan. Under the sway 
of these chiefs order and tranquility prevailed, a 



\ cry ditferent state of aftkirs compared with the 
rule of the Nor.semen, who were ever warring 
with each other, ever committing, on the slight- 
est provocation, deeds of violence, assassinations, 
and murders. 

During the rule nf ^Lartin in Tongue a great 
".scare" was created in X'Mi'i liy rumours of a 
great Norse invasion, to avenge their recent ex- 
pulsion. News at length arrived from Caith- 
ness of a Norse landing there, and of a great 
fleet lying at anchor in Scrabster Roads, ruth- 
less exactions, pillaging and burning of houses 
being threatened with merciless severity. This 
was the great fleet of Haco, King of Norway, 
on its way to disaster and defeat at Largs, 

Martin and his clan round about Tongue, 
being forewarned, were forearmed, iu the event 




of a Norse invasion on their Bay of Kintail, 
The cattle were driven into the hills, and all 
men and youths able to bear arms prepared to 
oppose by "might and main" any landing that 
might be attempted. Shortly afterwards the 
great fleet hove in sight, seen from " Cnoc-an- 
fhreacadain " (watch hill). Martin had his 
men ready to oppose a landing and give battle 
for hearth, home, and country. To their gieat 
joy, no doubt, the great tleet sailed past Tongue, 
and came to anchor in the Bay of Durness. A 
landing was here effected, but no inhabitants or 
plunder could be found. The natives, fore- 
warned, took themselves, their cattle, and move- 
ables oft' into the adjoining hills. Foiled in 
their expectations of plunder, these remorseless 
marauders, in revenge, burned twenty hamlets. 



and demolished a fort on the shore, the ruins of 
which remain to this day, by the name of 
" Sean-chaisteal " (old castle). After doing all 
the injury they could, an injury for which they 
dearly paid on their return from Largs, the 
fleet steered away, rounded Cape Wrath, and 
again anchored opposite " Alisher-beg," on the 
west of Eddrachilis. This place is now called 
Old Shore-beg. A landing was here again made, 
but finding no prey the fleet sailed away for 
Skye, on through Kyleakin Sound (Caolais- 
Hacon) towards Mull and Kintyre, sending out 
parties now and again up the lochs, and every- 
where committing terrible ravages. Bute, 
Arran, Isla, .Jura, and Kintyre were ravaged 
and taken possession of. But their doom was 
approaching. Winds and storms scattered the 



116 



THE CP:LTIC ilOXTHLY. 



fleet ; many of the sliips were wrecked and the 
crews drowned. The battle of Largs completed 
the sad disaster, and put an end to the sove- 
reignty of tlie kings of Norway over tlie 
Sudercys and Hebrides. 

Disconcerted with the issueof thebattleof Largs, 
and the loss of more than the half of his Ueet 
and army, disappointed at the repeated di-sasters 
which he met with, and crestfallen at the loss of 
prestige, Haco gloomily ordered a return jiome- 
wards. He put into the bay now called Portree, 
in Skye — hence the name — and remained there 
some days relitting the ships left to him, and at 
the same time plundering tlie natives of Sk^e 
all round. Again the fleet was ])ut in motion, 
and rounded Cape Wrath without incident, and 
put into '■ Goasriord " (Loch Erilioll). Here it 



anchored for several days. A strong party was 
sent out into the hills to capture cattle. None 
could be seen. The natives had been on the 
watch ; they drove all away into the inland 
valleys. The marauders pursued their way and 
found some in GlengoUie, and began to drive 
them away, when they were interce])ted by the 
natives; a fight, and the Norse rievers retreated 
into an adjoining valley, now called Strathmore, 
where they were brought to baj', and the conflict 
recommenced, ending with their commander, 
L'rra, and all his men being slain, with the 
e.xception of one %\ ho fled and carried the dole- 
ful tidings to Haco. This glen was ever after 
named Strath-Urra-dal, in memory of the event. 
It is so named in charters of the 15th and 16th 
centuries. In recent times it came to be called 




lU.Sl'llND, Uie'll EiUBOI.I,, Sl'THEKl,.\Nil, IX 1 



Strathmore. Haco having received the news of 
this fresh disaster ordered sails to be set and steer 
away to the Orkneys. In crossing the Pent land 
Firth he lost .several of his ships with all their 
crews; he him.self landed safely at Kirkwall, 
l)ut died soon after in tliat town. 

With the e.vcepiion of that scare, nothing 
occurred to alarm or distract the inhabitants of 
the North. The spirited rule of the successors 
of William the Lion — Alexander II. and Alex- 
ander III. — caused law and order to prevail in 
the South and North. The prosperous reign of 
the latter for tiiirty-seven years l)ecame the 
tlienie of poets. Wars, internal and external, 
had ceased in the land. Tiiis was the " golilen 
age" in Scotland, when every j-eoman and 
peasant cultiviiteil their ficlils ami tcndi'il ihiir 



Hocks in traiKjuility and peace; the merchant 
plied his trade on land and sea without dread 
or appriliension ; connnerce, home and foreign, 
succeeded to an extent hitherto unknown, and 
Scottish ships were known in almost every prin- 
cipal port in Eurojie. 

The premature death of Alexander III., in 
the very prime of life and manhood, leaving no 
male i.ssue, changed all this bright prosperity 
into chaos and "perplexyte." Wyntoun graphi- 
cally tells the tale : — 

" When Alysandyr, oure king, wea dude 
Tliat Scotland led in lawe, and lo 
Away wes sons of ale and l,)rcdc 
Of wync and wax, of gamyn and gle. 
Oin-L' i;i'\il is changed into ledc — 
Cliriat liiini into virgyuyte 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Succour Scotland and reinede 
That stodt is in perplexyte.'' 

And SO it was truly. 

It was said that on tliis King'.s deatli Ijy fall- 
ing with his horse over a cliff near Kinghorn, 
a hurricane h\e.\v over Scotland, the like of which 
"the oldest inhabitant" had not known. Apart 
from natural phenomena, a political storm arose 
after the demise of this estimable monarch, that 
lasted more or less for four centuries, in the 
long-cherished designs of the kings of England 
to subject Scotland to their domination. The 
ambitious and powerful Edwaul Longshanks 
saw his opportunity, and grasped it, in the dis- 
puted succession to the throne of Scotland. 
This storm soon burst, and Scotland, ever jeal- 
ous of her civil and religious independence, saw 
itself overrun by the arrogant nobles and brutal 
soldiery of Longshanks. 

The Scottish nobles, selfish and craven-hearted, 
bowed their necks to the yoke and swore fealty 
to Edward. The Scottish yeomen and peasantry 
gloomily stood aloof till, rou.sed into uncontrol- 
lable indignation at the arrogance and oppression 
of the English, they were prepared to endure 
any misery sooner than suffer any longer the 
indignities put upon them by the foreigner. 
Just at this period uprose, like a meteor, the great 
patriot Wallace to lead them in a contest with 
the mighty Edward, to decide whether Scotland 
could regain its independence. The galhmt 
attempt succeeded for a time, and might have 
been entirely successful, but at the supreme 
crisis the Scottish nobility again betrayed their 
coinrtry and bowed their necks to thn yoke of 
foreign domination. Nevertheless, the noble 
Wallace showed the vvay to freedom and inde- 
pendence. His mantle, dyed with his blood, 
fell upon Robert Bruce, and he made the adven- 
ture. Foiled at first, defeated, hunted, and 
chased out of the country, he tried a second 
time, and succeeded, after many adventures, 
hair-breadth escapes, and hard fighting, to free 
Scotland from the hated domination of the 
Edwards, and the arrogance of the English, but 
Bannockburn had yet to be fought to give the 
coiij) de i/iace forever to the inordinate ambition 
of the monarchs of England. 

Anticipating the final struggle, Bruce pre- 
jiared for it by a general appeal to the country 
to arm for the defence of its liberty and inde- 
pendence. The " fiery cross " went through the 
land from the Mull of Galloway to Cape 
Wrath. 

This fiery summons to all capable of bearing 
arms to muster at the Torwood to meet the 
threatening danger soon reached Tongue, and 
Magnus, the Chief of the Mackays, whose name 
betokens an affinity with the Norsemen (probably 
his father, Martin, married a daughter of one of 



the Earls of that name in Caithness, or a 
noble in Galloway, in tlie far south — a slight 
infusion of the old Vikingr blood in his veins 
was no detriment in this national crisis) — soon 
mustei-ed his clan, and saw a goodly array of 
them ready and willing to follow their chief to 
the field. Choosing the ablest, he quickly made 
up the required contingent, and off he and they 
marched over moor and mountain, hill and dale, 
till they reached the rendezvous in the Torwood. 
They were brigaded with other northern High- 
landers in the division commanded by the Earl 
of Ross, and under the orders of the brave 
Randolph, Eurl of Moray, Bruce's nephew and 
trusty lieutenant, to whom he gave the com- 
mand of the left wing in the sulisequent battle. 
Here, in the Torwood, they were drilled and 
practised in all those military evolutions and 
exercises necessary at that time to make them 
competent to oppose the warlike opponents they 
were soon to encounter. During the time thus 
spent the Mackays of the north made the 
acquaintance of their brother clansmen of Kin- 
tyre and Islay, who were under the command of 
Angus Og Macdonald of Dunaverty, and with 
their other clansmen of Galloway, in the divi- 
sion of Edward Bruce, Robert's fiery brother. 
Hale, hearty fellows well met, claiming kinship 
as originating from one eonnnon stock, they 
rejuiced to meet together again after the lapse 
of a century or more, they renewed their 
acquaintance, formed bonds of friendship that 
stood for ages, and encouraged eacli other to 
fight like heroes in the impending contest, for — 

'■ The storm of war was sluwly rolling ou, 
With menace deep and dread " — 

to burst on the banks of Bannock. 




'^^^W-m^M^^^r^^^ , Z-\ 



SCRABbTER R li US AND RI'INS UF THE BI.SHIIP.S I'Al.Al'E, TH(TRSO 

(To he continual). 



118 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 



By Malcolm INIacFarlane. 



Continued from page 88. 

17. loKRA.M a' GiiEAMHKAiDH — Gloouiy Win- 
ter's 1100 awa'. Here agaiu the iiatiies suspi- 
ciously correspond. It is improbable tlie air, as 
now known, was sung to Gaelic words. The 
tuue is known as "Lord Balgonie's favourite" 
in Neil Gow's collection, where it is termed " a 
very old Highland tune." It is also claimed as 
the composition of Alex. Campbell, editor of 
" Albyn's Anthology" (1783). Whatever its 
origin, it has most probably been suggested to 
the composer by a nuich simpler melody, possibly 
that which appears at ]>. 71, Vol. I., Celtic 
Monthly. That air was gi\en in Harper's Monthly, 
in an article treating of Cajje Breton Gaels, as a 
specimen of their music. It was no doubt car- 
ried there by early settlers from the Highlands 
of Scotland. 

18. Mac Dhomhnuill ilhuibh — Lochiel's awa' 
to France. The Gaelic nami' m.'iy be translated, 
"Black Donald's Son." "Black Douald " is a 
Gaelic nickname for The De'il. Parallel to this 
fact, in Gunn's pipe music the name is Mac a' 
bhudaich ladhraich. This, translated, is " The 
old hoofed-one's son." The " hoofed-one" is no 
doubt The De'il again. hdmhnuU ditbh may, 
however, have been an historical {)ersonage, and 
the naming of the tuue a mere playing upon the 
words. Burns set his song, " O wert thou in 
the cauld blast," to this tune. 

1;). An gunna cutach — Blythe was she but 
and ben (Burns). This tune is also known as 
" Andro and his cutty gun." " The cutty gun " 
translates the Gaelic name. This is suspicious. 
At the same time, the air is decidedly Gaelic in 
style. 

20. Bean an taighe 'sau robh mi 'u raoir — 
Wat ye wha I met yestre'en ; 

21. Muiuntir chridhe, Clann a' pliearsoin — 
Macphersou's Lament. To this tune Burns 
wrote his song, " Macphersou's Farewell." 

22. Coille Chnacaidh — Killiecrankie. The 
Irish claim a tune of this name as theirs. See 
"Ilardiman's Irish Minstrelsy," p. 178, where 
the composer is said to have been Thomas 
O'Conellan, died before 1700. The Irish name 
is " Planxty Davis." Hut there are two tunes 
of this name entirely differing from one another. 
In Maver's collection, p. I2G, there is a tune 
called " Gilliecrankie." This tune suits Dr. 
Rahoy's song, Nis o'n chaidh an srjolh na h-uidh- 
earn, and is no doubt the Coilk chnacaidh he had in 
bis mind when he made the song. The time is a 
good one, and there is nothing about it which 
would invalidate a claim for its being Irish 
originally. Rut, in regard to tunes common 



to Ireland and the Scottish Highlands, it is im- 
possible in a number of cases to judge by any- 
thing in the melodies them.selves to which coun- 
try they belong. It is quite good enough to 
class them as Gaelic airs as against those which 
are non- Gaelic. 

As the air to Dr. Maclachlan's song has been 
asked for more than once, and as the song is 
Buch a good one, I take the liberty of writing it 
here; — 

Nis o'n chaidh an sgoth 'na u-uidueam. 

Key C. With spirit. 

Is .,1 : s . n I s .,1 ; s . n I 

I Nis o'n chaiiUi an | sgoth na h-uiiiheam.l 
Now our steady boat is reail - y, 



r .d : 


d 


. n 


S 


: s 


Suidhcain 


air 


a, 


hfir 


- lar ; 


Get her 


lu . 


to 


mo 


tiou ; 



I 1 ., d' : 1 . s I 1 ., d' : 1 . s 

ICuir - ibh oig - earjseult - a sgairteil 
Let him steer who knows no fear up- 



d' ., r' : n' . d' 


1 


: 1 


De chloinn -\irt g'a 
on the tra'jkless 


1 stiiir 
o 


adh. 
cean ; 


n' . s' : r' . n' 


j d' ., r' 


: n' . d 


Nail am botul 
Fetch the cup ami 


lion an 
till it 


copan 
up, un- 


s .,1 : d' . n 


S 


: S 


Olani • aid le 


diir 


achd 



to this toast re - spoud - ing : 

I 1 . 1 : d' . d' I r' . r' : n' ., I 
I Deoch sUMnte gach, ] creutair bochd, | 
The health of all, both great aud small, 

,r' Id' .1 ,s : d' ., n I r : d |i 

Tha'n|diughfosprochd'san| diith - aich. |i 

Now hopeless - ly de - spond - iug. 

The other tune, that to which Burns wrote his 
" Whaur ha'e ye been sae braw, lad ? " is of a 
rattling, martial character, and withiu the com- 
pass of the bagpii-ies. 

23. Rata-nuu-clmis — Lassie wi' the lintwhite 
locks (Burns). This tune is known in music 
books as " Rothienuu-chus Kant." 

24. Crodh Chailein— Can you sing Balilow ? 
This tune is found in several different forms. 
The simplest and most Gaelic-like is that in 
A' Choisir-chiuil. " My heart's in the Highlands " 
(Hums) is sometimes sung to this air. 

(Tu be continued). 



The Edinburgh John o' Groat Benevolent 
Association met in Darling's Regent Hotel, to 
hear a lecture from Mr. David Anderson, M.A., 
LL.B., on Captain Sinclair's expedition to Norway 
in 1G12. The lecturer gave a most interesting 
account of this ill-fated Caithness expedition, which 
has given birth to so many tr'iditious in Norway. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



119 



THE REAY FENCIBLES. 



{To the Editor of the Celtu' Monthly) 

Sir, — In the Cdtic Monthh/ for August (Vol. 
i., p. 17:"i) Mr. D. Murray Rose gave some intro- 
ductory remarks re<;ariiing this regiment, l)aseil 
on tlie muster-roll, which he has taken the 
trouble to copy, anil which appears in full in 
the current (.January) numlier of tlie magazine. 



T agree with Mr. Rose when he says that the 
regiment was a " mixed lot," because every 
regiment is so, more or less ; but he writes in a 
somewhat disparaging strain, which may lead 
many people to think (notwithstanding a dis- 
claimer which he jiuts in) that the Mackays 
did not press forward to fill up the ranks as 
freely as was e.xpected, and that it was only by 
enlisting men in other districts, and l)y the bait 
of a bounty, "dangled before the eyes of un- 




THE BANNER "OF THE HEAY FENCIBLES 



Is an interestint; relic, and was plainl 
years ago, when, with appropriai' 
deposited there. The Hatj is of m 
Barbara Mackay, irranddau<;htei <- 
Mackay, Eriboll. Miss Mackay niai 
long life was well known throughoi 
piety, and great benevolence.* 



■willing recruits," that the regiment, as he e.x- 
presses it, was enabled " to take the field, and 
acquire laurels unfairly placed to the credit of 
the Clan Mackay alone." 

* We are indebted to Mr. Andrew Ross, author of 
"Old Scottish Regimental Colours," for the use of 
the photograph from which the above illustration was 
engraved, and to Mr. John Mackay, Hereford, for its 
reproduction in our pages. 



in St. Giles' l-adiHiral, Ivliiil, 


iH'.^li, about ten 


lany other old Sr,.!ii,h m : m. 


■ il i .Imrs were 


s made and pvf-iMin.l i- [■ 


J : t l.v Miss 


IV of Skerrav, ai.-l .lauulnM - 


( \1 MM,- Donald 


.Mackay ,Iohn Scol.ic, Ktoldak-, 


ai,.l dunnf her 


ountry for her enthusiastic clai 


!i feeling, sincere 



It is a pity that Mr. Rose made such a state- 
ment, because it conveys a false impression. 
When we speak of the gallant deeds of a famous 
regiment — the Gordon Highlanders for instance 
— and say "the brave Gardons " did so and so, 
we do not mean that it was the members of the 
Clan Gordon alone, who did the brave deeds ; 
but the men, whatever their names, who formed 
the regiment. So when we say that "the 



120 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Mackays did nobly at Tara Hill," we do not 
restrict the praise to the Mackays alone, l>ut 
fjive it to the ctlicers and men who composed 
the regiment. Mr. Rose, therefore, should not 
have written that the regiment acquired laurels, 
wifairbj placed to the credit of the Clan Machn/ 
alone. 

I got copies of the muster-rolls from the War 
Office some years ago, and arranged the names 
of the non-commissioned officers and privates 
in alphabetical order. It is not necessary to 
repeat the list here, but I may say, if we can 
judge by the ])redominating name.s, that about 
600 of the men in the regiment were from the 
Reay country, while a larije number of the non- 
clan names are found in the adjoining county of 
Caithness; and that it was not till after the 
regiment was despatched to Ireland that it was 
recruited from the Lowlands. When embodied, 
tlie " Reays " consisted of 46 officers, 32 ser- 
geants, 30 corporals, 22 drummers, and 670 
privates — a regiment of 800 men of all ranks. 
Perhaps Mr. Rose did not analyse the muster- 
roll. Here are some of the names in numerical 
order — 



Mackays, 


. idit 1 


Men.* 


Macleods, 


6:j 


,, 


Maokeiizies, . 


. 10 


,, 



Sutherlaniis, . . .35 ,, 
then follow Morrisons, Macdonalds, Campbells, 
Munros, Rosses, Gunns, Gordons, Murrays, 
Calders, Hendersons, Mathiesons, Bains, itc. 
The roll contains in all 155 surnames, and of 
these, 139 are represented by 204 individuals, 
or 5 less that the number of Mackays in the 
regiment ! So its designation was perfectly ap- 
propriate — "The Reay Fencibles, or Mackay 
Regiment of Highlanders." 

It is rather odd that no pipers are entered on 
the muster-roll, though the names of the drum- 
mers are given. But undoubtedly there were 
pipers, although they do not appear on the 

* The Mackays would undoubtedly liave at least 
been double this number, but for the fact that in the 
previous year (1793) the third Sutherland Fencible 
Regiment had been formed ; and in it, according to 
General Stewart'.'! "Sketches of the Highlanders and 
Highland Regiments," "there were 104 William Mac- 
kays, almost all of them from Strathnaver." Unfortu- 
nately, General Stewart did not state how many Mac- 
kays in all were in the regiment, Init only gives the 
number of WiUiam Mackays. In the "Clan History," 
p. 33, it is stated that there were 33 Jo/ni Mackays in 
one conjpany of the same (Sutlierlaud Fencible) regi- 
ment, 'i'liis di.Hponcs of Mr. Rose's misleading asser- 
tion that the Mackays did not come forward "with 
such alacrity aa is generally believed to be the case," 
to fill up the ranks of their own regiment. Hut when 
we consider the number that were in the successive 
Sutherland Kencible Regiments previous to the raising 
of the Reay regiment, the wonder is not that only 209 
Mackays enlisted, but that so many able-bodied men 
of the clan were left in the district, fit for military 
rservice ! 



roster. I may here suggest that proliably each 
captain had his own piper, as used to be the 
case in the Highland militia regiments, and may 
be so still. Another curious thing is. that there 
is no record at the War Office which mentions 
the uniform of the regiment. The late Miss 
Scobie, Keodale, who probably knew more about 
the regiment than any of her contemporaries, 
thus wrote me, only about a year before her 
death — " I have no doubt they had pipers. I 
remember an old, ugly man, a first-rate piper, 
and it was said tliat he went out with the regi- 
ment ; but when General Baillie joined he sent 
the man home, because he could not allow so 
ungainly a person to be seen with his regiment 
in so conspicuous a position ! . . . The 
uniform was similar to that of the 42nd — scarlet 
coats, with dark blue faciugs and silver lace. I 
am sure they had kilts." 1 wrote also, about 
three years ago, to an aged clansman at Strathy, 
asking about the uniform, &c., and he replied as 
follows : — " I knew many of the men that served 
in the Reay Fencibles, and my father was in 
the regiment. I knew one piper that was 
in it, but he is dead long ago. About their 
uniform, they wore the kilt of Mackay tartan, 
which was of l)laik, blue, and green, very bonny 
to look at. . . I cannot say anything 

about their headcbe.ss. They wore the red 
coat." John Mackay. 

Wicslodfii, (ipvMinny. 



ABSTRACT OF OSSIAN'S COVALLA. 

By LiEi'T.-CoLONEL CiiAiu.Ks Stkwakt. 
Tich-'n-Uuin. 

AuHiorof" The G.ielicKiiiKdom in Scotland.and its Celtic (.'Innvh," 
" Killin Collection o( Poetry and Music," Ac. 

(Continued from paye 9S). 
^;ir=|vEFORE leaving, Fingal arranged with 
CImV CovalJa tliat he would send a swift 
■Mi^ footed messenger to give her the result of 
the battle, and that slie would meet him at a 
meeting-place fixed upon, where she would have 
a feast ])repared for the host returning victori- 
ous. iJefuat does not .seem to have entered 
into their imaginations. So when the time 
expected came Covalla and lier nuiidens Dcrse- 
grina and Afilliilcora proceeded to the meeting- 
place. On reaching it, their thoughts, of course, 
were of the fight and Fingal. Chants "Gruagach 
dhonn a bhroillich bhain," or "Finnary" — 
Mii.uiicov.v. 

Ill I 

" .\ deer 1 saw upon the ben, 

II II 

By Cona's stream that gently winds, 

As a great bank in shade he seemed, 

III I 

Then fleetly bounded down thefglen. 



THE OELTIC MONTHLY. 



121 



As niglit's bright aroli his iiiitlors beamed, 

I I I I 

On the slope a meteor gleamed, 

Whilst on Cona's cloiuls half seen, 

I I I . I ,, 

Were those who shone in wraith-hood's sheen. 

Dkrseorina. 
" Ho ro ! mo ni;/hean dimn hhdidhcach'^ 

'• Death's spectre it is, that you seen have, 

I I . I . 

He of shield and sword matcliless is slain, 

On that cairn rise up, Covalla, 

Caracul in the contlict lias gaiued. 

I I I 

Shed tears, daughter of Sarno, * 

The youth who with love you enthralled. 

In the midst of his strength has departed, 

Soon his wraith shall be seen in the ben." 

This deer seen liy jMilhilcova is not a wraith, 
liut an intimation hy a symbol of Fingal's 
death. The.se intimations, specially of death, 
were believed in by the Gaels, and are so by 
many still, as I from my childhood well know. 
Covalla believed in the truth of this one, and 
burst into an agony of woe. In its midst 
Didealan, Fingal's promised messenger, arrived, 
and, from spite to Covalla, who had at some 
former time refused his offer of marriage, told 
her the deliberate falsehood, tliat the Romans had 
conquered, and that Fingal was slain In the 
agony of torture she said to the despicable 
author of it — 

OuV.\LI.A. 

Counts chant. 

I I I 

■• Why rehearsed thou to me the tale sadsome, 

That my hero liad fall'n in the tit;ht, 

I I I 

I would then from the hillside expect him, 

And see liim on crag and on plain. 

I would fancy some tree was my loved one, 

I I I 

Coming back witli acclaim from the war, 

* Covalla. 

Noli: — It must lie noted that I don't give the poetry 
in full, but wliat is required to give the gist of this 
important episode. — U. S. 

[Colonel Stewart wishes us to correct an error in the 
first part of his article. In the last footnote on page 
98, the sentence beginning, " Macpherson," should 
read, "Macpherson actually interpolates this early 1st 
century history as he knew it, into the 1st duan of 
'Timora,' the events of which happened a.d. 284," not 
"a.d. 2o-3U," as given. — Ed.] 



I would hear liis salntc midst the breezes. 

Whilst his form on the slope I coulil spy." 
At this point Fingal and his host are seen 
returning, but so impressed was Covalla by the 
symbol, and convinced by tiie lie, that she 
cciuld not lielieve it was them bodily, but their 
wraiths. Then Milhilcova breaks in — 

MiLHIU'OVA. 

'* G/tntaijifch/' <l.-c. , as he/ore. 

" What noise on the ben, what light in the glen, 

I III 

Who Cometh onwards as thundering streams 

In flooils pouring downw.ards tlie liillsides between, 

I I I 

From cairns midst quakings terrible." 

(7'o he continued). 



HIGHLAND ANCESTRY OF DR. DAVID 
LIVINGSTONE, AFRICAN TRAVELLER. 



l;y IIi-v, X. M.\cLe^n Sinclair, author of "Clarsach na Coille,' 

'■ (ilt-nliard Collfction of Gaelic Songs," "Tlie Gaelic Bards 

from 1411 to 1V1.5. and 1716 to 17(iS." 



j;;irEIL LIVINGSTONE was bom in Ar- 



gyleshire. He married Mary Morrison. 

He had a small farm, or croft, in Ulva, 
but never prospered as a farmer. He left his 
native island in 1 792, and went to live in Blan- 
tyre. When leaving he received the follow- 
ing certificate : — 

" The bearer, Neil LiviiiLj.stone, a married man 
in Ulva, part of the parish of Kilninian, has always 
maintained an unblemished moral character, and is 
known for a man of piety and religion. He has a 
family of four sons, the yoimgest of whicli is three 
years, and three daughters, of which the youngest 
is six yeai's of age. As he proposes to offer his ser- 
vices at some of the cotton-spinning numufactories, 
he and his wife, Mary Morrison, and their family 
of children are hereby earnestly recommended for 
suitable encouragement. Given at Ulva, this 
eighth day of January, 1792, by 

Akuh. M'Arthur, Minister. 
Laoh. M'Lean, Elder. 
R. S. Stewart, J. P." 

Neil Livingstone and IMary Blorrison Lad 
five sons and three daughters. The names of 
the sous were John, Charles, Dimcau. Donald, 
and Neil. One of the daughters was named 
Mary and another Catherine. If the sons were 
all born in Ulva, one of them must have died 
bef(_)ro 1792. It may be, however, that the 
youngest of them was born in Blantyre One 
of the daughters was married to a man named 
Laurie. 

Neil, son of Neil Livingstone and Mary 
Morrison, was born in Ulva about 1788. He 
mai'ried Agnes Hunter, by whom he had three 
sons, John, David, and Charles, and two 



122 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



daughters. The daughtei-s were living in 
1891 in Ulva Cottage, at Hamilton. 

John, eldest son of Neil Li^^ngstone and 
Agnes Hunter, was born ^May loth, 1811. He 
hves at Listowel, Ontario, and is an elder in 
the Presbyterian Church in that town. He 
went home to Scotland to meet his brother 
David in 1857, He has six sons and one 
daughter, Neil - ^lackenzie, Henry, John, 
Charles, Eobert, and Sarah. 

Da\id, second son of Neil Livingstone and 
Agnes Hunter, was the celebrated Dr. Li\'ing- 
stone. He was bom at Blantyre, March 19, 
1813. He married Mary, daughter of Dr. 
Eobert Moffat, the eminent missionary. He 
bad three sons, Robert, Thomas, and Oswell, 
and two daughters. He died at Lake Bang- 
■\\eolo, in Africa, May i, 1873. He was buried 
in Westminster Abbey, April IS, 1874. Eobert, 
his eldest son, lost his life in the American 
Civil War. Thomas died in Egypt. OsweU, 
who was a doctor, died in England in 1890. 
One of the daughters is married in Edinburgh, 
and the other in England. 

Charles, third son of Neil Livingstone and 
Agnes Hunter, was a clergyman in Massa- 
chusetts. He went to Africa with his brother 
m 1858. He was appointed British Consul at 
Fernando Po in 1804. He died whilst return- 
ing to Britain in 1874. He was buried at sea. 
He left one son, who is a mining engineer in 
the United States. 

Charles Morrison lived in Morvcrii. He 
married Margaret Macdougall, by whom he 
had four children. Hector, Neil, IMary, and 
Marion He married Marion Maclean, of 
Ardnacross, in Mull, and had eleven children, 
Lai-hlan, Mary, Margaret, Neil, Dimald, Charles, 
Ann. (yathcrine, Christy, Itoderick, ami John, 
all of whom were born in Scotland e.xcc^pt J ohn. 
He came to Prince Edward Island in 1810, 
and settled in Belfast He died in ] 8 19, in 
the i)Oth year of his age. His wife died in 
1845, in the 7()th year of h(!r age. 

Lachlan, eldest sou of Hector Morrison and 
Marion Maclean, married Margaret Mackenzie, 
by whom he had Neil, Kenneth. Hector, John, 
Charles, and Donald, and two daughters. Neil, 
the second son. married Catherine Gillies, by 
whom he had Charles, Hector, John. Donald, 
Eoderick. Murdoch, and Angus, and four 
daughters. Donald the third son, married 
Mary Macaulay, by whom he had Angus, 
Donald, Hector, and Charles, and six daughters. 
Charles, the fourth son, niarri<(l Catlierine 
Mackenzie, by whom he had Hector, Ivenneth, 
Charles, Murdoch, and Aim. Jtoderick, the 
fifth son. married Mary Ma(!rae by whom he 
had Roderick, Donald, Keimeth, John, Lachlan, 
and live daughters. John, sixth son of Hector 



Morrison, married Elizabeth Smith, by whom 
he had Hector, Andrew, Alexander, Lachlan, 
and John, and two daughters. John is still 
living. Mai-y was married to John Macdouald, 
Margaret to Angus Mackay, Ann to Eoderick 
Campbell, and Catherine to John Gillies. 

Mrs. Campbell was born in 1803. She was 
brought up with her gi-audmother at Ardna- 
cross. She was a very intelligent and amiable 
woman. She died .Alay IG, 1893. I asked 
her one day why Neil Li\'ingstone and his 
family left Ulva. Her reply was, " C/ia rohh ni 
a ciinicdcltdainn leot/ia an U/b/ia " — they were not 
prospering in anything in Ulva. It was a 
good thing for Africa that such was the case. 
Dr. Livingstone could never have received in 
Ulva, or even in Edinburgh, the training for 
his great work that he received at Blantyre. 

Neil, second son of Charles Morrison and 
Margaret Macdougall, died unmarried. Mary 
was married to Neil Livingstone, and was the 
grandmother of Di". Livingstone. 

Belfiist, Prince Edward Island. 



LETTER TO THE EDITOR. 



Tu the Editor of the " Celtic Monthly. " 

Glasgow, 10th February, 1894. 
Sir, — In Mr. Campbell's notice of Dr. Macdiannid, 
in January issue, be states that to the Doctor, Mr. 
MacLean, anil himself is due the credit of originat- 
ing the Gaelic Society of (ilasgow. That is not the 
case. They assisted in the formation of the society, 
but the idea had its origin with Mr. Hugh Mac- 
Leod, writer, (ihisgow, and it is known to every 
one connected with the society that, in conseipience, 
it was Mr. MacLeod who was asked to deliver the 
opening address. — I am 

" Palm AM qui meriit fekat." 



(i M'.i.ii' SoriKTV OF LoNUON. — The annual diinier 
in connection with this 
nourishing society was 
Ill-Ill ill tlie St. James's 
i; .snuiMint, under the 
lncMiUiiey of the re- 
spected chief, Mr. John 
Mackay, J. P., Here- 
ford. Tliere was a large 
;ittriid;iiice, and the 
•^iillii-iiiiL,' was perliajis 

-_«».„ „.. >, Ihi' iiH.st siK-cessl'ul_>et 

,.--- — ^:- ^ lield inuler the aus- 

pices of the society. The toasts were entrusted 
to the following speakers :— The Chief, Mr. T. 
1). .MacDonald, Rev. A. B. Bailie (of Dochfour), 
Dr. .Miitlieson, Rev. Alex. MacRae, Messrs. W. 
C. ^liickenzie, Donald C. Fraser, J. M. Watson, 
J, T. Crowo, a. Murray Campbell (of Siam), Donald 
IMurray, and J. Sutherland. With speeches, songs, 
dancing, and niusio a very pleasant evening was 
spent. 




THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



123 



CEUD FAILTE DO M' DHUTHAICH. 



Air Fonn — " NUjheanfhir na Comhraich. 

Ceud failte, failte, thir mo ghraidh, 
Gur fada, ghraidh, bho "n thriall mi 
A null thar cuan bho d' bheanntan ard', 
Gu dubhach, craiteach, cianail ; 
Ach ged a thriall, a riamh cha d' tbraoigh 
Mo ghean "s mo ghaol do 'n duthaich 
A dharaich mi 'nuair bha mi maoth, 
'S 'nuair bha mi aotram sunntach. 

Os ceann gach tir an ear 's an iar 
A thriall mi feadh an t-saoghail, 
Bu Uisa fein amhain mo mhiann, 
Gun fhiaradh riamh no caoohladh ; 
Oir ged bhiodh tirean cein car rinn 
Gle neonach leam 'nan iamhaidh, 
Bu tusa, tusa, thir mo ruin, 
An tir bu mhuirnich sgiamh leam. 

Cha chuireadh bearta.s mor no maoin 
Do raointean gorm air dichuimhn, 
'S cha b' urrainn gloir no sulas faoin 
Cur as do m' ghaol do d' chriociian ; 
Oir cha 'n 'eil neach no ni fodh 'n ghrein, 
Cruaidh fhorstan breun no buaireas, 
A chlaonas m' aigne, ghraidh bhuat fein, 
Gu sinear seimh 'san uaigh mi. 

Ged bhiodh an geamhradh greannach, fuar, 

Ki cu.airteachadh 'nan ghleanntan ; 

't5 ged bhiodh an sneachda, mar bu dual, 

.•\ir uachdar fuar 'nam beanntan ; 

Gidheadh gu 'm b' fhearr leam fhein an sgiamh, 

'S na neoil ri 'g iathadh dluth orr', 

Na tirean cein 'sam biodh a' ghrian 

Cbo teth 's cho dian ri ghiulan. 

Leig leis na h-Innseannaich bhi blath 

Ki tamh fodh theas na greine, 

"S le nmathan dubh bhi lonj a ghnath. 

Gun chota-biin, gun leine ! 

'S biodh iadsan toilicht anns an doigh 

A dhorduicheadh le Dia dhoibh, 

Ach b'annsa leam-sa mhuinntir choir 

Do 'm buineadh cloth 'us bian geal. 

A riamh cha d' thug mi suim no speis 
Do 'n dialhan-breige neonach, 
'S do 'n iodhalaoraidh oillteil, bhreun, 
Cha deanain geil gu deonach ; 
'S gur trie a dh-fhag e mise tinn 
Bhi cluinntinn screach an canain, 
Oir, oh, OS ceann gach cainut is binn, 
Gur binn leam fhein a (jhaidhlig. 

Thoir dhorah sa mointeach choir an fhraoich, 

'S a ghaoth bhiodli fallain, tialaidli, 

Ri seideadh suas tre thir nan laoch, 

i.e slainte sgaoilt fodh' sgiathan ; 

'S biodh acasan an tirean cein 

Gach euslaint bhreun a dh-innsear, 

An uair bhios mise falbh leam fein, 

'S mo cheum air fonn mo shinnear. 

'Nuair bhiodh na naimhdean guineach, dan, 
'S am Biis gun iochd mu 'n cuairt dhiom, 



W c sud an uair bu mhiann le m' lamh 
Bhi fior gu brath do d' bhruaichean ; 
'S ged bhiodh a' faoileach fiadhaich, fuar, 
No teas 'g am bhualadh iosal. 
Cha b' nrrain iad gu bas toirt buaidh 
Air mend mo luaidh de d' chriochan. 

Ge lionmhor ceol a chuala mi, 
Bha binn gu fior 'us gleusda, 
'Nuair sheideadh suas ceol mor na piob, 
Co 'n ceol bhiodh binn 'n am eisdeaohd ? 
An sin gu 'n teicheadh each air cul. 
Mar ni nach b' fhiu leam cluinntinn, 
Oir, oh, b' e sud am balgan-ciuil 
A thogadh surd air 'm inntinn. 

Tha iomadh seorsa gearradh grinn, 

'Us dathan grinn air aodach, 

'S tha cuid cho seolta, sgiobalt. cruinn, 

'S tha cuid gun loinn oho slaodach ; 

Ach 's aithne dhomhsa trusgan gearr 

A ruigeas bar nan ghluinean, 

Bu trie a choisinn buaidh am blar, 

'S a b' aluinn snuadh air urlar. 

Gur fior gu 'n d' fhas mo chiamhag liatli, 
'8 gu 'n chain mi sgiamh na h-oige, 
|S mo cheaim air fas cho Ian do chiall 
'S gu 'n thriall am fait ri m' bheo dheth ; 
Ach 's coma leam ; tha 'n cridhe blath. 
Gun fhailneachadh bho thus air, 
"S gur cinnteach mi gu 'm bi gu brath, 
Gu 'n carar sios fodh 'n uir e. 

Oh, 's iomadh bliadhna thriall a null 

Bho dli-fhag mi fonn mo dhuthcha, 

'S chaidh iomadh caraid caomh a chall 

Bho thionndaidh mi mo chul rint ; 

Tha pairt aca 's a' chuan 'nan tamh, 

'Us pairt an tirean ceine, 

'S och, och, nach fhaic mi chaoidh gu brath. 

Am pairt a b' fhearr leam fein ac'. 

Cha b' am gu dearbh an laithean aois 
A chlaou iad as gun eifeachd, 
Ach gearrta sios air cuan 'us raoin, 
Gu 'n chaochail iad 'nan treunachd ; 
'S gur iomadh teaghlach truagh le bron 
A dh-fhag iad leonta, cianail," 
Ri gul_ 's a caoidh na suinn a sheol, 
'S nach till iad beo gu siorruidh. 

Seadh dh-fhalbh iad sud, 's cha d' fliag 'nan deigh 

An leithid fhein 'nan aite, 

'S gur trie a bhios mo chridhe reubt' 

La ouimhne gheur 'g an aireamh ; 

'S air leam gu faic mi cruth nan laoch 

Gu caoimhueil, caomh mar b' abhaist, 

Ge cian a null bho thir an fhraoich 

A dhaog iad fad bho 'n cairdean. 

Cha'n 'eil, cha'n 'eil iad ann ni's mo, 
Gidheadh gur mor mu run sa 
Do thir mo ghraidh, 's am b' abhaist leo 
Bhi 'comhnuidh cridheil, sunntach ; 
Ged dh'fhas mo cheum, a ghaoil, cho fann 
Gu direadh bheanntann arda, 
Gidheadh sud ort, a Thir nam Beann 
'S le run nach gann — ChUD Failts ! 
India. L\IN iMacGhriOGAIR. 



124 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 




Clan Mack at Society.— The January nieetiiit,' 
of this society was lield in the 
Oddfellows' Hall, Edinburgh— 
Dr. George Mackay in the 
chair. Mr. John Mackay, 
secretary, exhibited a i>hot(>. 
of the colours of the Dutch 
Mackay regiment, and referred 
to its history. He also made 
a statement in regard to a col- 
lection of music of Rob Donn 
Mackay 's songs, which led to a 
most interesting discussion upon Gaelic music 
in general, and Reay country music in particular. 
The chairman gave'some particulars in regard to 
the furtlicoming social gathering, after which Mr. 
Donald Mackay gave an excellent rendering of a 
Gaelic song. The meeting was one of the most 
siiccessful and enjoyable yet held in Edinburgh. 

The February meeting was held in the Water- 
loo Rooms, Glasgow, on the loth ult., Lieut. Wm. 
Mackay in the chair. There was a large attend- 
ance. A valuable paper was read—" Francis Mac- 
kay and his three sons "-contributed by Mr. John 
Mackay (" Ben Reay"), Germany, in which he gave 
an account of the eventful history of a distinguished 
family of the clan, since 1G70, in Austria and 
Canada. :Mr. John Mackay, Kingston (secretary), 
exhibited a number of beautiful colour sketches 
of the Mackay country, taken in 1820, and lent by 
Mr. John Mackay, Hereford, in connection with 
which he gave a description of the various places. 
(In this issue of the C. M. we present our readers 
with a reproduction of one of these— Rispond, 
Durness —Ed.) The after part of the evening was 
devoted to songs and music contributed by mem- 
bers and friends. 

The Uist and Barra Conversazione, which 
was held in the Waterloo Rooms, was well attended. 
Lieut. John Macdonald occupied the chair, and 
gave an account of the work of the society. Other 
speeches followed, after which the tables were 
cleared away, and dancing was kept up with great 
spirit till the early hours of the morning. 

Clan Mackinxon Society.— The second annual 
gathering of this clan was held 
in the Waterloo Rooms— the 
chair being occupied by Lieut.- 
Col. L. D. Mackinnon, Doch- 
garroch. There was a large 
,aiiiiil;iiire. The chairman 
iii:nlr .1 iiii.st interesting speech, 
rciii 1 111'^ to the past history of 
me cij.li, U.11' I ii.iiismeii who had done honour to 
the name. He quoted Sir Walter Scott's descrip- 
tion — 

" The ilail ot grey KinROn. whose offsprinp; have given 

Such heroes to'cnrth and sui'h nlurlyrs to heaven." 

An assembly followed, which was well attended. 

Gaelic Society ofGla8i:ow.— A largely attended 
meeting of this society was held on the liOth inst., 
in the Religious Institution Rooms— Mr. Magnus 
Maclean, M.A., in tlie cliair, who was sui)ported by 
Rev. Dr. Ulair, Mr. Win. Mackenzie, Crofters' Com- 
mission ; Dr. MacNicol, Uulmally ; Mr. John 
Murdoch, and others. Professor O'Growney, May- 



nooth College, Ireland, gave a most instructive 
lecture upon " Scotland in Early Irish Literature," 
in which he emphasised the close relationship which 
existed until nuite recent times between the Celtic 
people of Scotland and Ireland. Interesting a,d- 
dresses were given by Messrs. Henry Whyte, John 
ISIurdoch, and the chairm;vn. The learned Irish 
Celtic professor received a very hearty reception 
from the Gaels of Glasgow, and we trust that this will 
only be the beginning of a closer intimacy between 
the Gaelic students of Erin and Scotia. 

Clan Chattan Association.— The first monthly 
meeting of this association was held in the 
Trades' Hall, about 200 members being present. 
Mr. William Mackintosh, president, occupied the 
chair, and stated that there were 3000 members of 
the different septs of the clan on the Ghisgow 
electoral roll. The secretary (Mr. W. G. Davidson) 
gave a short address on the aims of the society. 
Other meetings are being arranged for. 

Clan Maclean Society.— A very successfvU con- 
cert in connection with this 
vigorous society was held in the 
Assembly Rooms, Bath Street, 
under the presidency of .Mr. 
Lachlan Maclean, vice - presi- 
dent, who delivered an eloquent 
address on the clan and its 
eventful history. The musical 
part of the programme was well 
su.stained, and an assembly 
followed. 
Cl^n Gregok Society.— The monthly meeting of 
this society was held 




tlie ciali, j-ui 





on the 13th ult., in 
the N.B. Railway 
Hotel — Mr. John 
MactJregor in llic 
chair. .Mr. .MacGrcgor 
Kergusson delivered a 
moat interesting ad- 
dress on '• Some Inci- 
dents in the Life of 
Hob Hoy," which led 
to a very instructive 
discussion. The chair- 
man stated that it was proposed to have a clan excur- 
sion this summer to the MacGregor country He 
also advocated the opening of a H.ghUmd club or 
reading-rooms in Glasgow, a proposal which was vu) 
favourtibly received. The clan piper gave a selection 
of tunes on the pipes, and a pleasant evening was 

^'"annual Social GATiinuiNos.-We regret that 
owing to the pressure on our space this moii h we 
cannot notice as fully as we would like all the High- 
land gatherings held since our last issue. ^\ e may 
mention, however, that the following very successlul 
gatherings were held, in each case the hall being 
crowdedT-The Glasgow Cowal Societj--Uiau-n,an, 
Lord Provost Russell; Kintyre gaU^^ing- .Mr. 
Graham of Erins ; Edinburgh Sutherland— Mr. Ucw 
Morrison ; Coatbridge Higblanders-Mr. Graeine A. 
Whilelaw, M.P. ; Brechin Celtic Society-Mr. A. K. 
Maclean Murray ; Glasgow Ross and t romarly- 
Sheriff Johnstone ; Clau Menz-ies «o^'"^\y-^f ''^."'■' 
Mcnzies; Clan Mackay - Rev Ir. J. Abengh 
Mackay ; London Argyllshire-Dr. II. C. Gillics. 




SIR MALCOLM MACGREGOR OF MACGREGOR, BART,, 

Cliff ,,/ III,- Cliiii llrnjiir. 



TM CELTIC MONTHLY: 

4 MAGAZINE FOU HIGHLMDEfiS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 7. Vol. II.] 



APRIL, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 



SIR MALCOLM MACGREGOR OF 
MACGREGOR, BART. 



Ip^lHE j'oung Chief of Clau Gregor, whose 
Xl^ portrait is now given, will attain his 
^■^^ majority this year, having been born 
on the 3rd August, 1873, at Edinchip, in Bal- 
quhidder. He joined H.M.S. Britannia as a 
naval cadet in September, 1S8G, and passed 
into the Eojal Navy in December, 1888, third 
on a list of .59, and was immediately appointed 
to H.M.S. Beileroplion, the flagshijj on the North 
American station, under the command of Ad- 
miral Watson. Sir Malcolm returned to Eng- 
land in 1892, and served during the summer as 
midshipman on board the training ship at Leith. 
In the winter of the same year he went to the 
West Indies with the training squadron. 

Since April, 1893, he has been going through 
the various classes and e.xaminationH at Green- 
wich for the rank of lieutenant, and in every 
esamination hitherto has obtained a 1st class 
certihcate. He is now at Portsmouth, prepar- 
ing for the examination in pilotage. 

The young chief has one brother, Alexander 
Pionald — now at Malvern College— and three 
sisters, the eldest of whom married, in June, 
1892, the Hon. Granville Somerset, grandson 
of General Lord Raglan, the British Commander- 
in Chief in the Ci'imea. 

Edinchip, the family residence, was built in 
18i8, by Sir John Atholl, grauilfather of the 
present baronet, and contains manj- interesting 
relics connected with the family and clan, and 
also with the Bannatyues of Kames. 

Sir Malcolm is a staunch Highlander, de- 
voted to his clan and coimtry. His father, the 
late Rear Admiral Sir ^lalcolm MacGregor, 
entered the navy in 1 846, vvhen only j ust twelve 
years old, and his first voyage was in H.]\I.S. 
Hoice, when she took Her Majesty Queen 
Adelaide to Madeka. After serving on differ- 



ent stations Sir Malcolm went to the Crimea in 
1854 as first lieutenant on board H.M.S. Ro/iai 
Albert (Captain Pasley), but was soon appointed 
fiag-lieutenant to Admiral Sir Frederick Grey. 
At the end of the war, on Sir Frederick haul- 
ing down his flag. Sir Malcolm was promoted 
to the rank of commander. In that rank he 
commanded H.M.S. Harrier and H.M.S. Ma:- 
under, and was a second time appointed to the 
command of H.M.S. Harrier, on the Austrahan 
station, in ISGO, whence he returned on attain- 
ing the rank of post captain, at the early 
age of twenty-eight years. In 18G4 he mar- 
ried Lady Helen Laura M'Donuell, only child 
of Hugh Seymoui- M'Donnell, 9th Earl of 
Antrim. 

In the winter of 1 867 he went to the West 
Coast of Africa in command of H.M.S. Damie, 
which command he resigned at the end of a 
year, affairs at home requii'ing his presence. 

Sii' Malcohn received the Crimean medal and 
the Turkish Order of the Mejidje for his ser- 
vices in the Crimea, and was awarded the 
medal of the Humane Society for saving the 
life of one of the men of H.M.S. JJanae by 
jumping overboard and swimming with a life- 
belt to his rescue. 

Sir Malcolm became a rear admiral a few 
months before his death in August, 1S79. He 
was greatly beloved by all who knew him, and 
took the keenest interest in all matters pertain- 
ing to his own clan and to the Highlands 
generally. 

The present burial-jjlace of the chief's family 
is a mausoleum built by Sir John Murray Mac- 
Gregor, in Balquhidder; the previous one is 
further up the Braes at Invercearuaig ; and in 
still lilder clays the chiefs were laid to rest on 
Inch Cailleach, in Loch Lomoud. Among the 
articles of interest at Edinchip are the broad- 
sword used at the battle of Gleufruin by Alex- 
ander MacGregor, the then chief of Clan 
Gregor, and a dirk given by Prince Charles 
Edward to his aide-de-camp, Major Evau ]Mac- 
Gregor, the great-great-great-grandfather of 
the present Sir Malcolm. 



126 THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 

THE HEADLESS SPECTRE: A SUTHERLANDSHIRE GHOST STORY. 



By the Editor. 

Chapter I. — The G haves of the 
Strangers. 
WONDER how many of my readers in 
their summer wanderings have visited 
Durness, that green and fertile land, 
rich in beauty of natural scenery, and 
the congenial home of poetry and ro- 
mance. It borders on the wild Pentland 
Firth, and even on the calmest day the 
surge and roar of the ocean may be 
heard far inland. In this old-world place 
you tind the quaintest relics of ancient 
times rubbing shoulders familiarly with 
the most recent developments of our 
modern civilisation. On all sides the 
eye meets objects which bring you into 
contact with the remote j)ast. Every 
hill, stream, glen and headland has its 
tale of battle, love, or disaster. Indeed, 
if the traditions of this historical coun- 
try were collected and published, they 
would form a volume of the most ab- 
sorbing interest. I have heard many 
of these stories related, and it is now 
my intention to narrate one of the most 
remarkable which it has been my privi- 
lege to hear. Many of my readers who 
do not believe in the supernatural or 
'second sight" may describe it as a mere 
invention, or a freak of the imagina- 
tion, but I have taken the trouble to 
verify the truth of the story in various 
conclusive ways, and, furthermore, there 
are many persons now living who re- 
member the incidents quite distinctly, 
so that the facts may be accepted as 
being well authenticated. I shall en- 
deavour to describe these events in 
[ilain language, exactly as 1 heard them 
related b}' one who was an eye-witness 
of them. 

One day I found myself in the 
ancient graveyard of Balnakeil, which 
is certainly the most interesting spot in 
the whole county of Sutherland. It 
takers us at one ste]i back to the time of 
the Culdees. In it are the ruins of a 
monastery, a venerable relic of the wild 
days of old, when the lionian Catholic Church was a power in the land, and the strongest arm and 
the sharpest liroadsword were the universal arbiters of what was right or wrong. In it also is the 
grave of Rob Donn Mackay, the Reay country Gaelic bard, covered with a rude stone bearing a brief 
inscription, and near it is the handsome monument erected to his memory by his admiring clans- 
men in 1829. The wliole surface of the ground is covered with stones, many of them most 
beautiful examples of the sculptor's art. 

I came at last to a corner of the graveyard where there were the marks of many graves, but 




•this I'LAfP; IS KNOW.V TO US AS THE CORNi:i! OF TIIK 
' ANONYMOUS.' " 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY, 



1-27 



there was not one stone ei'ected to record the 
names of the persons who were buried there. I 
thought it very remarkable, and asked a friend 
who accompanied me if he could explain the 
reason. 

"Ah," he said, "don't you know the history 
of this corner'? It is a very strange place, and 
if the poor fellows who sleep there could ri.se 
and tell their histories and sufferings, they 
would have some weird slories to relate." 

t^uch a reply was only calculated to provoke 
my curiosity, and I asked my friend to tell me 
what he knew of the mysterious spot. 

" Well, if I could only remember all I have 
heard I daresay I could narrate some thrilling 
tales that would cause you to wonder. This 
place is known to us as the corner of the ' anony- 
mous ' — the graves of the strangers. Being so 
close to Cape Wrath, this coast was at one time 
the scene of the most dreadful disasters. 
Wrecks along these rock-bound shores were of 
frequent occurrence, and on many a fateful 
morning, when the day broke after a storm, the 
people have found the shore strewn with wreck- 
age and the dead bodies of the unfortunate 
crew. Many a lirave seaman, whose name was 
never known to us, has found his last long 
home in this peaceful corner, and no one al)le 
to convey to his sorrowing wife and family the 
sad news that the poor sailor liad found a grave 
on Sutherland soil." 

" But," I said, " surely the splendid light- 
house at the Cape will make a wreck here now 
rather a rare occurrence 1 " 

" Wrecks do take place on rare occasions, but 
a sei-ious disaster which hapiiened many years 
ago created a great stir in the country, and was 
preceded and attended by circumstances which 
are likely to cause wonder for years to come. 
No fewer than sixteen bodies were washed 
ashore on the sands, and these green mounds 
mark the place of their burial." 

" But, tell me," I asked, " what are the curi- 
ous circumstances to which you refer. Was it 
anything supernatural 1 " 

"I do not know what you would call it, or 
whether science could now explain what even 
to the present day the people of Durness cannot 
understand ; but this 1 do know, that there are 
persons living here who will remember that 
awful shipwreck to their dying days. It seems 
to me that there are influences operating in our 
midst which can only find their origin in the 
spirit world. The great dark gulph which 
separates the living and the dead is bridged 
over, if only we could find the entrance. But 
there we all fail." 

From tlie serious manner in which my friend 
spoke, I felt sure that there was some horrible 



story connected with these nameless graves, and 
that story I was most anxious to hear. 

" But you have not yet told me the extraor- 
dinary circumstances you refer to," I replied. 
" Surely it cannot be that the liviug and the dead 
have held communion in this secluded place'?" 

" My dear sir, I would not care to relate to 
you — even although I knew the whole facts, 
which I do not — all that I have heard told 
about this disaster. Were 1 to do so you would 
think me superstitious, or that I was narrating 
the distorted impression of some hideous night- 
mare. But if you ask Joseph Morrison, who 
lives in the village, he will tell you all about 
the wreck of the Juniper. He was an eye- 
witness of the events, and T only heard the 
facts related, but when you have heard his 
story you will in some measure understand the 
mysteries which are associated with these green 
mounds." 

I need hardly say that these strange remarks 
interested me very much. That very evening I 
paid a visit to the village, and found Morrison 
standing outside his cottage door enjoying a 
chat with a neighbour after his day's labours. 
After a good deal of persuasion I induced him 
to tell me the story of the shipwreck, but he 
assured me before he commenced that he was 
not superstitious — he only believed that things 
hajipen in every person's experience which no 
one can satisfactorily explain. 

Seating himself on the dyke by the roadside, 
from which an excellent view of the bay, which 
lay right in front of us, could be had, my friend 
narrated the following story. I cannot do 
better than tell it in his own simple but graphic 



Chapter II. — Morrison Encounters the 
Spectre. 

When ] was a young lad, many years ago, 
the boys of this place were very fond of playing 
on the long stretch of sand which you see in 
front of us. Our favourite game was " hai'es and 
hounds," M'hich we usually played when dark- 
ness lent an additional excitement to the game. 
I can remember, as if it were but yesterday, a 
number of us going down to the shore to engage 
in our favourite pastime. It was an evening 
just like this. The moon glimmered through a 
mass of clouds, yet clearly enough to permit one 
to recognise objects at a considerable distance. 
The rocks which jut out from the sand here and 
there cast shadows which usually proved con- 
venient hiding - places for the poor hunted 
" hare." 

The game was let loose, and after the usual 
grace time had elapsed, the "hounds" set out in 
pursuit. All the jDack except myself took the 



128 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



right side of the bay, wliile I went in the opjio- 
site direction alone, feeling sure that 1 sliould 
find the quarry hiding among the rocks in the 
distance. Unsuccessful in uiy search, I decided 
to conceal myself among the boulders, and watch 
the sands in the hope of seeing the olyect of my 
pursuit. It was a very lonely spot, and although 
I was not much given to superstitious notions, I 
began to feel just a little bit "queer." The 
cold, clammy air, and the dismal surge of the 
billows, combined with a sense of lonliness, 
helped to cool my youthful ardent spirits. IMy 
companions were now far out of sight and 
hearing. 

I was just about to rise from my uncomfort- 
able position when I fancied I saw in the dis- 
tance a figure near the water's edge. "This 
roust be the hare after all," I thought. " I 
knew I would catch him ! " so I decided to i-e- 
main still, and when it had come near enough 
to me, I would pounce upon it. I watched the 
figure as it passed alongside the edge of the 
water, and when it came nearer I could make it 
out a little more distinctly. I had only watched 
it for a short time when I felt a curious feeling 
coming over me. I tried to shake it off, but 
found I could not. The horrible idea suggested 
itself to me that it was a ghost ! This proposi- 
tion I soon ]iut to the test. Right in front of 
the advancing figure was a part of the sand 
which was still moist and dark with water. 
" Now," I thought, " if this figure is a human 
being, his footsteps will leave a mark in the 
sand, which I can easily see. If a spirit — 
ghosts leave no marks." Trembling with excite- 
ment, I watclied the shadowy figure. It reached 
the moist spot and — disappeared ! In a second 
it reajipeared on tlie opposite side, and seemed to 
glide along, rather than walk. I tried to scream, 
but 1 could not, my throat was parched. I 
strove to rise, liut I was utterly helpless. Some 
powerful influence held me in its iron grasp, 
and I was \inable to resist it. Oh I I .shall never 
forget those dreadful moments. 

1 lay still and simply stared at the ajjparition. 



Then I saw clearly that it had the appearance of 
a man with no clothes upon him except a shirt, 
which fluttered in the breeze. Slowly the figure 
approached, and soon it was quite close to the 
side of the rocks. It had now left the edge of 
the water, and was coming straight towards me. 
Unable to stand the strain on my nerves any 
longer, I overcame the feeling of weakness which 
oppressed me, and struggling to my feet, scram- 
bled over the rocks towards the grassy bank 
wliich overlooked the sands. Trembling like a 
leaf I reached the top, kee]iing my face towards 
the sea, and dreading each moment that the 
unearthly spectre would clutch me. 

Before fl}ing from the scene I gave one glance 
behind, and there, sure enough, was the ghostly 
apparition gliding up tlie l)ank towards me. I 
was again helpless — that terrible feeling had 
again taken possession of me. I watched it, 
fascinated, and I then saw for the first time 
that — horror of liorrors — the spectre had no 
liead ! The upper part of the head from the 
mouth was missing. The lower jaw only re- 
mained — the rest was a Ijloody cavity! 

Then I found strength to run and scream. I 
ran as I had never run before, feeling that a 
horrible fiend was close behind me. Bursting 
into the first house I came to, that of James 
Mackay, I fell down on the floor in a fainting 
state. Hearing the frightful screams, all the 
the people round about ran out, and pressed 
into the house. When I recovered somewhat I 
narrated as best I could all I had seen. No one 
said anything to doubt the truth of my story, 
my pallid face and trembling limbs showed only 
too ]ilainly that 1 had seen "something." No 
one suggested that it was not a ghost, but it 
was noticeable that the people gave the sands a 
wide berth after that at night. The boys no 
longer played " hares and hounds " among the 
rocks, and soon every one in the parish, and for 
many miles beyond, heard the story of the head- 
less spectre of Durness Sands. 

(To be concluded). 




DONALO.M?^KMVR.CHOV 
IS.LO.VASIUTOHIS. 

-* — ~. rREl^a 

.- .(^.VAR..TO 



.VE'TO.^HIS.MAIS 
:R.- lN*VEIRD.AtO:V0. mn^ 



CUUIOUS TOMUSTOKli IN bAl.NAKhll. I llAI'DI,, DLKKESS. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



129 



THE LATE A. B. M'GRIGOR, LL.D., 
GLASGOW. 

President, Clan Gregor Society. 



|p|a|HIS month we give the portrait of the 
V^ late Dr. A. B. M'Grigor, who was Presi- 
'^J^ dent of the Clan Gregor Society from 
1887 till his death in 1891. 

Dr. M'Grigor's career was one of which the 
society and the clan may well be proud. Born 
in 1827, and a 
native of Glas- 
gow, in which 
town his great- 
grandfather had 
settled in the 
beginningof last 
century, he was 
the senior part- 
ner of the well- 
known firm of 
Messrs. M'Gri- 
gor, Donald & 
Co., solicitors, a 
concern whose 
commencement 
dates from well 
over 100 years 
ago, it having 
been established 
in the latter half 
of last century 
by Mr. Alexan- 
der M'Grigor. 
grandfather of 
Dr. A. B. M'Gri- 
gor, and himself 
in later years a 
vice-president 
of the society. 
From an early 
period in his 
career Dr. 
M'Grigor took 
a leading rank 
among those of 
his profession, 
and for twenty- 
five years before 

his death he appeared in almost every important 
legal inquiry and negotiation in Glasgow, among 
which may be mentioned the City of Glasgow 
Union Railway Company, with its numerous bills 
and references; the Glasgow Tramway Company, 
the Vale of Clyde Tramway Company, and 
latterly the City of Glasgow Bank, in connection 
with the failure of which he was elected (with 
one other) to make the preliminary report to 
the shareholders, and was subsequently the chief 




adviser in the liquidation and the numerous 
cases which aro.se from it. Through all of them 
he was identified with the best traditions of 
his profession, with the strictest honour, invio- 
late confidence and high talents. But he was 
more than a successful lawyer, he was .also a 
man of wide culture and academic and intellec- 
tual attainments, and among his friends he was 
highly esteemed for his ready sympathy, his 
genial temperament, and his largeness of heart. 
An omnivorous and rapid reader, he was 
thoroughly 
versed in the 
contents of his 
library, which 
was an excep- 
tionally large 
and varied one, 
and tiiere were 
not many better 
acquainted with 
all that was 
worth reading 
in the general 
literature of 
poetiy, history, 
and iirt. 

An honorary 
LL.D. of Glas- 
gow University, 
he for many 
years acted as 
Lord Rector's 
assessor in the 
University 
Court, and in 
few places is he 
better remem- 
liered than in 
the precincts of 
that University 
which has as- 
sisted the citi- 
zens of Glas- 
gow to record 
the acknowledg- 
ment of his ser- 
vices by the 
erection of a 
beautiful win- 
dow in the Bute Hall to his memory. 

A keen clansman, he was perhaps prouder of 
being President of the Clan Gregor Society tlian 
of any other honours which had been bestowed 
upon him, and his services to the society at its 
resuscitation in 1886 were simply invaluable. 
From then he took the greatest interest in its 
prospects and affairs generally, and its present 
thoroughly sound and successful position is 
greatly owing to him, Editok. 



130 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TONGUE AND ITS HISTORIC 
SURROUNDINGS. 



By Jons Mackay, C.E., J.P., Hereford. 



Part III. — The Mackays at Bannockburn. 

(Continued fro7ii pcuje 117). 

'HILE the Scottish forces were thus 
gathering; together to the Torwood, the 
appointed rendezvous, and being drilled 
by companies, brigades, and divisions, under the 



care of Edward Bruce, Douglas, and Randolph, 
Robert Bruce was prudently engaged in piepar- 
ing for the impending and eventful conflict by 
every means that military expediency, experi- 
ence, and knowledge of warfare could dictate, 
or ingenuity and strategy could devise. As a 
necessary preliminary, he ordered tlie wliole 
population from Berwick to Stirling, unable to 
bear arms, to remove with their goods and 
chattels to the hills, out of the way of the in- 
vading enemy. At the same time he looked out 
for a field of battle advantageous to his own 




Tongue nor.sii— tiiu a.nciknt seat 



small army to contest for the gage of victory 
with Ivlward's mighty power now advancing 
from Berwick — 

" So wide, so far, that boundless host, 
Seem'd in the blue horizon lost." 

Bruce, with that intuitive strategic skill which 
distinguishes great commanders, selected his 
battlefield immediately north of the Bannock 
burn, having a front long enough to give the 
three front divisions of his small army fairplay 
and space for fighting, and short enough to eni- 



barrass the big battalions of his ojiponents in 
deploying fur a general attack. His right front 
and Hank were protected from cavalr}- charges 
by the steep banks of the Bannock and by a 
wood. His left, on the east, was posted on the 
high ground in front of St. Ninian, and in a 
measure |ir()tccted by a morass, which could be 
turned, but, to obviate this defect, a few nights 
before the battle he quietly ordered parallel rows 
of small pits to be dug in the firm groun<l be- 
tween the morass and his left flank and front, 
to disorder and bewilder the English men-at- 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



131 



arms in the event of their attacking liini in 
those quarters. Stakes were placed in tiiese 
])its, and he caused them to be lightly but care- 
fully covered over to deceive the enemy. 

Having thus skilfully secured a favourable 
field, and made all requisite preparations, he 
calmly abided in the Torwood for the approach 
of the invading army. Learning that it was 
advancing from Linlithgow, Bruce ordered his 
army to retire by divisions from the Torwood 
and take post on the positions assigned them in 
the chosen field by Bannock's banks. Edward 
Bruce, with liis division, marched away first and 
took up his position on the right, Douglas 
followed and took up his in the centre, by 
Edward's left, Randolph with his division took 



up the space allotted to it on the left of Douglas, 
while Bruce himself, with the rear division, 
took a central jjositiou on a rising ground behind 
the centre division of Douglas, in order that 
from this commanding position he might the 
better watch the pliases of the lighting and order 
assistance to be given to any of his front divi- 
sions as necessity arose. Sir Walter Scott beau- 
tifully describes how each of these divisions was 
composed, and where they came from. Of the 
left division he says — 

" North-eastward, by St Ninian's shrine. 
Beneath fierce Randolph's charge, combine 
Tlie warriors whom the hardy north 
From Tay to Sutherland set forth." 

Having thus placed his army in position under 




rh,.t„] 



TIIK FIELD OF BANNOLKBl F.N H.il.M Till. l.II.LIEh HILL. 



[/-/' Vulnilhw, 



the command of three of the best fighting gene- 
rals of the age, Bruce raised liis banner to the 
breeze, waiting for Edward's approacli, which 
was not long in coming — 

" Flashing with steel and rough with gold 
And l)ristled o'er with bills and spears, 
With plumes and pennons waving fair 
Was that bright battle front ! " 

This was some of the foremost divisions of 
Edward's army, which, on the evening of the 
23rd of June, came in sight of the Scottish 
array posted opposite to them on the other side 
of the Bannock. It was on this evening that 
Bruce's personal encounter with the De Bohun 
took place, and the discomfiture by Randolph of 
a body of English cavalry that attempted to 



pass by his left to relieve Stirling. Two events 
successful in their results that greatly roused 
the spirits of the Scots and as greatly depressed 
the English. 

Early in the morning of the eventful 24th 
June, 1.314, both armies were astir. Bruce, now 
mounted on his great war-horse, and attended 
by his generals, rode along the whole line of his 
front division, encouraging one and all to stand 
firm, and addressed them in tho.se stirring terms 
so well paraphrased by Burns. The enthusiasm 
was immense. Generals, commanders and men 
took up the theme, and responsive swore — 

For Scotland's freedom, king, and laws 
That day "to do or die." 

The battle began by the advance of a formid- 



132 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



aWe body of English archers from tlie h'ft, who 
fiercely assailed with their artillery Kdward 
Bruce's division, inflicting considerable damage 
upon his men. Tiie tiery Edward could scarcely 
restrain himself from advancing to attack them. 
Meanwhile his more prudent brother ordered 
Keith with his men at arms to make a detour 
and fall upon the archers in flank and rear. 
This movement was completely successful. The 
archers were so cut up that they fled the field, 
and gave no more trouble that daj' Tlie fight- 
ing now became general all along the line from 
west to east. 

"Unflinching foot 'gainst foot was set. 
Unceasing blow by blow was met, 
And slaughter revell'd round." 

Yet the fighting went on fast and furious. The 
King of England, provoked by the sturdy and 
obstinate resistance of the Scots, ordered a divi- 
sion of his mail-clad cavalry to advance and 
make a furious charge on Randolph's and 
Douglas's divisions, partly posted behind the 
pits. This grand charge, from which so much 
was expected, soon ended in disaster and com- 
plete overthrow. 

"Down I down ! in headlong overthrow. 
Horsemen and horse, tlie foremost go 

Wild Houndering on the field. 
They came like mountain-torrent red. 
They broke like that same torrent wave 
When swallowed by a darksome cave." 

The terrible failure of this grand cavalry^ attack 
disconcerted Edward and his commanders and 
dispirited his whole soldiery, still, English tena- 
city would not yield. Fresh divisions from tlie 
rear were brought to the front to sustain the 
fight. Bruce from his vantage position anxiously 
yet calmly watched the phases of the dreadful 
conflict ; he intently scanned its ebb and flow, 
and admiringly beheld how valiantly his men 
were contending with much sujierior numbers, 
now and again re-enforced. Edward's supe- 
riority in number of men enabled him to renew 
the battle after every repulse. Tlie Scots, 
animatinl by their brave commanders, and 
cheered by their gallant king calling to them in 
confident tones— 

" My merry men, tight on ! " 

redoubUnl their efforts, did fight on, ami eveiitu- 
iilly were gaining ground, when Bruce's eagle 
eye, perceiving that the crisis of the battle had 
at last tak(;n place, shouted — 

" On thcni, men I on them ! they fail ! they fail \" 

Wheeling his war-horse round, lie rod(! to tlie 
rear division, hitherto held in reserve, but burn- 
ing with im])atience to have a ))art in the fray, 
and ordered it to advance. Then, rising in his 



stirrups and brandishing his great claymore, 
exclaimed — 
" Follow me ! one effort more, and Scotland's free." 

Then directing Angus Og ISIacDonald, with his 
west Highlanders, who formed the right wing 
of this division, to wlieel to his right and assist 
his brother Edward, he addressed him in these 
words : — 

" Lord of the Isles ! my trust in thee 
Is firm as Ailsa Rock ; 
Rush on with Highland sword and targe, 
While I with my Carrick spearmen charge. 
Now I forward to the shock." 

Bruce personally led his Carrick spearmen 
and the rest of his division to the assistance of 
Douglas and Randolph. These reinforcements 
arriving so opportunely gave a fresh impetus to 
the Scots, and dismayed the front ranks of the 
English. At this critical moment the baggage- 
guards and camp-followers appeared to the Eng- 
lish commander on the horizon, marching over 
the Gillies' Hill, like an army arriving to the 
assistance of the Scots. Confounded at this 
spectacle, the tenacity of the English gave way, 
and Bruce, at once judging that the supreme 
moment had come, like Wellington at W^aterloo, 
ordered a general advance to be made, which 
soon swept the Plaiitagenet and his myrmidons 
oflT the field, and Bannockburn was won I A 
glorious field of fight, creditable alike to the 
noble Bruce, to his brave lieutenants, and to 
every gallant Scot, Lowland and Highland, who 
contributed to the victory. 

The consequences of it were of the highest 
importance to the king and the country, politi- 
cally, morally, and socially. It asserted tlie in- 
dependence of Scotland, secured for it twenty 
vears of internal peace and tranciuility after 
twenty years of internal wars and commotions; 
raised the character of the Scots, while it equally 
depressed the arrogance and ambitious motives 
of the English and their kings. 

Bruce aftervvards gratefully acknowledged his 
obligations to those who aided him in his adver- 
sity or contributed to his pros)ierity. He en- 
dowed his chiefs with large estates, and amongst 
the yeomen classes whose services to him in his 
(lays of adversity did not go unr(;wanled w.'re 
the Mackays of Kintyre, who harboured and 
befriended him after "the fight and flight at 
Methven, and the dispersion of his followers by 
MacDougall of Lorn. To these he gifted lands 
in Mid Kintyre, where they prospered greatly, 
for in the 17th century there wen; not less than 
twelve territorial lairds of the name Mackay in 
that district. 

To tile Mackays in Galloway he was ecjually 
liberal. Some of these assisted him after the 
dispersion of liis patriot band by Aymei- De 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



137 



ably brotliers. Leases of tliis old date are 
ulvvays valuable, and this one forms no exception. 
While the landlord warrants the possession, he 
also maintains and defends the tenant, and, on 
the other hand, the tenant not only pays rent 
but gives service. It should be remembered, to 
Angus's credit, that he did not raise the rent, 
leaving the same as by use and wont. The 
period of endurance is indefinite, and is important 
in ascertaining what the real position of tenant 
and occupier was of old. Though the spelling 
is modernised the language is so rude that the 
meaning is occasionally doubtful. I ha%-e not 
hitherto observed the name of this clergyman 
of Eilean Finan parish, now united with Ardna- 
murchan. The old church stood in a small 
i-sland lying towards the south-east of Loch 
Shiel. Neither have I observed the name of 
John MucGliey, vicar of Kildalton, who was 
probably the writer of the document. 

" Be it kenned to all men by these presents, me, 
Angus M'Conall of Dunywag and Glenis, &c., grants 
to have set in assedation for farm duty, and service 
letting, and by the tenor hereof sets, and for farm 
duty and service sets to my loving servitours, Donald 
Mac Innis Mao vie Finlay, minister of Ilan-Inan, and 
to Finlay Macdonald maol Mac vlo Finlay, all and 
haill the ten-merk land of the farm land of ReseboU. 
with the pertinents thereof, lying within the land of 
Sunart, and sherift'dom of Tarbert, the said Donald 
and Finlay, their heirs and assignees, paying to rae, 
the said Angus, and ray heirs and assignees, yearly, 
the ferme of old use and wont, their entry being 
at the Whitsunday afore the day and date hereof, and 
this ferme to be paid every year at the Whitsunday 
term. This ten-merk land, before named, of farm 
land shall be enjoyed, bruiked, and possessed by the 
saids Donald and Finlay, their heirs and assignees, 
as long and during the true, leal, affaild service done 
to me, the said Angus, and my heirs ; — And in like 
manner I. the said Angus, binds and obliges nie, my 
heirs and assignees, to assist, warrant, and defend the 
saids Donald and Finlay against all manner of men 
whatsoever, during their true service done to me, the 
said Angus, and my posteretheis (successors?) against 
all manner of men whatsomever, — And attour, when 
the ferme is paid yearly at the term, the officer's part 
to be allowed. In witness, and for more verification 
of this letter of tack, we, the saids Angus, and 
Donald, and Finlay, our heirs, subscribes this present 
letter at Ardtelwa, the 17th day of August, 1595, 
before these witnesses — John Oig Macleod, John Oig 
Mao laine, and Ion M'Ghey, wicar and minister of 
Kildalton, &c. (Signed) Angus M'Connall off Dun- 
waig, Donald Mac vie Finlay. minister of Ellanfynan, 
Finlay Macdonald Mowill, officer of the saidis landis 
foirsaid, with my h.and on the pen." 



Sir James Lyle Mackay, the distinguished 
Indian financier, has decided to contest Plymouth 
at next election. 

Lord Archibald Campbell has presented Miss 
J. N. MacLachlan with a beautiful cU'irsach, or 
harp, the first of several manufactured by Mr. R. 
Buchanan, jun., Glasgow. 



Death of Dr. Mackonalu, lath M.P. for 
Ross-shire. — Dr. Roderick Macdonald, late mem- 
ber of Parliament for Ross-shire, died on Friday 
afternoon, !)th ult., at his residence in Camden 
Road, London. The deceased gentleman had been 
ill for some months, and underwent a serious opera- 
tion, which has just terminated fatally. Dr. Mac- 
donald lost his wife some time ago, and never 
seemed the same man afterwards. The deceased 
was the son of a crofter, and was born in the island 
of Skye. He became a tutor, and subsequently 
studied for the medical profession at Edinburgh, 
where he took his degree as M.D. On removing 
to London, he practised in the East End. When 
the Middlesex district was divided, about seven 
years ago, he was elected to the Coronership, for 
the north-east portion, a post worth £1600 per 
annum. We understand that he has left handsome 
bequests to several Scotch charitable institutions 
in London, and to a few personal friends. His 
property amoimted to £28,000. Dr. Macdonald 
was one of the earliest subscribers to the Celtic 
Moitthhi. 



HIGHLAND NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Clan Mackay. — I believe the words "wig wor- 
gan " (mliic Morgan) are used by the Clan Mackay. 
Can you inform me what this means ] If it is the 
" son of Morgan," who was he / how was the name 
derived ? and what does Morgan mean ( — J. Mao- 
Lauhlan, London. 

Macindoe. — Having read in various Highland 
magazines particulars regarding the origin of High- 
land surnames, I do not find any reference to the 
name Macindoe. I have been told it signifies "' the 
son of black John," as Mac Ian /'hH</i testifies this. 
Perhaps some of your readers could say whether 
this is correct or not. — John Macindoe, Glasgow. 



The Clan Ferguson Society celebrated their 
second annual reunion in the Trades' Hall, on 8th 
ult. — Mr. James Ferguson, jun., of Kinmuudy, in 
the chair. The attendance was good, the pro- 
gramme was excellent, and the proceedings passed 
ofl' with great eclat. 

Gaelic Society of Gla.sgow. — At the last meet- 
ing, the Rev. Dr. Blair, Edinburgh, delivered a lec- 
ture on " Aiteal de sheann nithean Giddhealach " 
(A glimpse of old Highland matters), which was 
greatly enjoyed by the members, as all Dr. Blair's 
Gaelic addresses are. 

The Lewis and Harris Association met in the 
Waterloo Rooms on Cth March — Mr. Malcolm 
Macleod, president, in the chair. Mr. Henry 
Whyte (Fiuim) delivered a most amusing lecture on 
" Highland Wit and Humour," which clearly proved 
that the Celt has as keen a sense of humour as his 
southern critic. 

Edinburgh Sutherland Association. — At the 
March meeting of this association, Mr. D. W. 
Kemp, J.P. , gave some interesting notes on the 
schools and schoolmasters of Sutherland of past 
generations, and stated that he was preparing a 
work on that subject, and invited members to assist 
him in collecting material for the " Fasti." 



138 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



MAJOR A. Y. MACKAY, GRANGEMOUTH. 



ipi3||HE ancestors of Andrew Younger Mackay, 
V^ of Lea Park, hailed originally from the 
^^^^ neighbourhood of Tain, Ross-shire. His 
grandfather, Andrew Mackay, was a man of 
distinguished scientific attainments, and, in ad- 
dition to a professorship of mathematics, held 
the responsible post of examiner for Trinity 
House, London, and also for the East India 
Company ; and liis father, George Gray Mackay, 
in conjunction 
with an elder 
brother (John 
Selby Mackay), 
took a principal 
part in founding 
the Grangemouth 
Coal Company. 

Grangemouth 
has had an almost 
phenomenal 
growth, having, 
within living 
memory, more 
than quadrupled 
its population and 
risen into con- 
siderable import- 
ance as a sea))()rt 
town. The two 
brothers referred 
to above grew 
with its growth — 
helped, indeed, to 
make it what it 
in — and, until 
their death a few 
years ago, filled 
an honoured and 
very conspicuous 
place in the life 
of the young com- 
munity. 

The subject of 
this sketch was 
born in Grange- 
mouth in 1S1.">, 
where lie still re- 
Bides. After com- 
pleting his education at Dollar Academy, he 
entered the office of the (Jrangemouth Coal Co., 
of which his father was nianiiger. In 1SG8 he 
went over to Germany, and was for eleven 
months in a large shipowner's oHico in Rostock, 
and on his return he passed into the employ of 
George G. Mackay, steamship owner and iron 
merchant, where he remained till ISt^.'S. There- 
after, with a cousin as partner, he started the 
firm of A. & A. Y. Mackay, steamship managers 




and commission merchants, and is still engaged 
in carrying on this business in its difl'erent 
branches. 

Mr. Mackay's aims have never been selfish. 
As a volunteer, he is an enthusiast, and is 
almost entitled to be called a veteran. Joining 
the 1st Stirlingshire — now known as the 12th 
Coy. of the 1st Fife — Volunteer Artillery as far 
back as 1861 as a gunner, he has i)assed in 
succession through the various grades up to the 
rank of honorary major and commander of the 
company, and last 
spring received 
the volunteer de- 
coration as a tri- 
bute to his long 
and faithful ser- 
vices. As a 
civilian he takes 
more than his full 
share of public 
work, in proof of 
which it will be 
sufficient to state 
that he is a Burgh 
Commissioner, is 
sitting for the 
second time as a 
Councillor for the 
County of Stir- 
lingshire, and is 
completing his 
sixth year as 
C h a i r m an of 
G ra nge m outh 
School Board, a 
position which he 
lias filled to the 
entire satisfaction 
of his coadjutors. 
Mr. Mackay 
has, since its for- 
iiiatiou, been an 
I'lithusiastic mem- 
ber of the Clan 
Mackay Society, 
and a liberal con- 
triljutor to its 
funds. 

Born and bred 
in the Free Church, he is'still one of her staunch 
and generous sup|)ort('rs. 

Warm hearted, o]ien-lianded, in all things 
above suspicion and reliable to the last degree, 
Mr. Mackay is serving his day and generation 
according to the will of God. There may be 
more eventful careers than his ; there is not 
any more lionoured or useful. It is through 
such men that the life of a community is kept 
fresh and sweet. S. M. Riddick. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



139 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 

By Malcolm MacFahlane. 



{Continued from page 118). 
Songs by Burns to Gaelic Airs. 
Some of these are given in the preceding list, 
and need not be repeated. 

25. Gala Water. " From time immemorial," 
says Dean Christie in his ' Collection of Ballads,' 
" ' Richie's Lady ' has been a favourite in 
Bnclian ; and no wonder that ' Cam ye by 
Athol,' liy Neil Gow, jun., became such a 
favourite with the populace, seeing tliat its first 
strain is little more tlian ' Gala Water ' turned 
into Qjd: time." "Richie's Lady" is a set of 
" Gala Water." The air is replete with Gaelic 
feeling, and is a perfect e.vample of Gaelic style, 
except the coda to which " Braw, braw lads " is 
sung ; and this has apparently been added to 
please the Lowland ear. For Gaelic tunes 
ending similarly on the suspended notes | I : s || 
see Giulhin nam ho — The Cow-boy, and The 
Highland Widow's Lament. 

26. Bonnie Peggy Alison. The Braes o' 
Balquhidder. There are two tunes named " The 
Braes o' Balquhidder." One lias an older name, 
"The Three Carles o' Buchiinan," is called 
Gaelic in Maver's collection, and is suggestive of 
Criiac/inii Be'inii. 

27. From thee Eliza. Gilderoy. " Gilderoy " 
is ihe S^Mglished form of (Jille lumUi — The ved- 
li.iired lad. 

2S. Gordon's Welcome Hamc. Out over the 
Forth. 

29. The Banks of the Devon. Banaracli 
dhonn a' chruidli. 

30. How lotig and dreary is the night. 

31. Bonnie Castle Gordon. Moiag. 

32. Highland Harry. The Highlander's 
Lament. Burns writes : — " ' The Highland 
Watch's farewell to Ireland ' is the oldest title 
I ever heard to this tune." It is in Gunn's pipe- 
music, and is named A' hhoineid ghorm — The 
blue bonnet. 

33. Musing on the roaring ocean — Driiim- 
fhionn dubh. The Irish have a song with a 
similar name, but the music differs. 

31. Ae fond kiss. Rory Dall's Port. 

35. My heart's in the Highlands. Failte na 
miosg. 

36. Kenmure's on and awa. Thn hoineid 
hlieag, hliiorach air Alasdair garbh is the name 
given to this bagpipe tune in Gunn's collection. 

37. Fair Eliza. 

38. Willie Wastle. The eight men of Moidart. 
Wha'll be king but Charlie. The Gaelic words 
to this air, in some parts, are as follows : — 

" A null am mouadh, a null am monadh, 
A null am monadh gu Tearlach, " &c. 

39. Farewell thou fair day.. Oran an Aoig. 



This tune is in Patrick Mac Donald's collection. 
This song was afterwards adopted to " My 
lodging is on the cold ground," an Irish air. 
The Scottish " I lo'e nae a laddie but ane " is a 
variant of the latter air, and "The 7Sth High- 
landers' Quickstep " is another. 

40. My lady's gown, there's gairs upon't. 
Gregg's pipes. The Gaelic name of this pipe 
tune is ChaidJi an cuthadi 'sa bhanarach. 

41. Lovely Polly Stewart. Ye're welcome, 
Charlie Stewart. 

42. Blythe ha'e I been on yon hill. Liggeram 
Cosh. Burns states, on the authority of " an 
old Highland gentleman, a deep antiquarian," 
that this is " a Gaelic air, known by the name 
of Gliogram chos." It is generally known as 
" The Quaker's Wife." The air is Gaelic-like 
beyond a doubt. 

43. Whistle and I'll come tae ye, my lad. 
Burns says — "This I know, Bruce (John Bruce, 
a tiddle player in Dumfries), who was an honest 
man, though a red wud Higlilander, constantly 
claimed it (the tune), and by all the old musical 
peojile here he is believed to be the author of it." 
R. A. Smith, on the other hand, seems to allow 
a claim by Ireland for it, under the name, 
" Noble Sir Arthur." However that may be, 
it seems to me to be an elaboration of the Scot- 
tish Gaelic set of Robaidk donn glrrach, sung to 
Na IciitJiean a dli aovi (see 'J7ie Celtic Lyre, 
No. 38). It is not improbable that Bruce based 
liis composition on the set I'eferred to. 

44. Behold the hour. Cuir a chinn dileas. 
This tune is common to Scotland and Ii'eland. 
The Irisii name is Ccann dubh dileas. It may 
be inteiesting to give the fragment preserved by 
Hardiman in his "Irish Minstrelsy" — 

" A cheinu dhuibh, dliilig, dhilia, dhilis ! 
Cuir do lauih mhin-gheal thorm a uall ! 
A blieiliu mheala, bh-fuil buladh na time air, 

Is duiue gan chroidhe nach d-tii'ibhradh duit gradh. 
Ta cailineadha air an m-baile-so air builleadh 

's air buaidhreadh, 
Ag tarraing a n-gruaige 's da leigeana le gaoith, 
Air mu slion-sa, an soafaire is fearr san tuaithe, 
Aoht d" tbreigfinu an meid sin air rim dhil mo 
chroidhe. 
As cuir do cheann dileas, dileas. dileas," iSc. 
It may be remarked that the preceding, unlike 
most Irish Gaelic songs, is defective in rhyme. 
The chorus is practically the same as the High- 
land one. The air, as found in books of Burns's 
song.s, is in the minor mode, has two parts, and 
is Irish-like. The air in .4' Choisir-clnidl, is in 
the '• lah " mode, is simpler, true to the Scottish 
Gaelic style, and has only one part. The High- 
land words make a complete song, and have the 
appearance of being old ones, the meaning of 
the allusions being in some cases obscure. In 
Tiree, from which the latter form of air comes, 
the words are Cuir a gJiaoil dllis. 
(To be continued). 



140 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



ARCHIBALD MACMILLAN, F.S.L.A. 
("Jeems Kaye"). 

Chieftain, Clan MacMillan Society. 



^i^LTHOUGH Mr. Archibald MacMillan, 
(xj^^ or rather "Jeems Kaye,' has for several 
<^M:. j-ears back been delighting the readers of 
The Bailie, our local Punch, with humorous 
and entertaining letters on passing events, he is 
not so well known to Celts as he ought to be. 

Mr. MacMil- 
lan was born 
in Greenock 
in 1843, his 
father being a 
j)rosi>erous 
merchant in 
that town. He 
came to Glas- 
when fourteen. 
Getting into a 
situation as 
clerk he rose 
steiulily step 
by step till he 
now conducts 
a large busi- 
ness on lii.s 
own account 
as commission 
agent. 

Wliile a boy 
many of his 
holidays were 
spent at Kil- 
malcolm, mid 
opposite Otter 
Ferry, Loch- 
fyne, where he 
acquired ii good 
smattering of 
Gaelic. He 
herded the 
" k y e " a n d 
spent nights at 
the herring 
fishing during 
his si.v weeks' 
Kcliool holi- 
days, and he 

always declares that he owes his good health to 
his yearly Jlighland sojourn, where he was fed 
nn the [ilaiiu-st, and ran about half naked with 
the lioys of the clachan. 

Mr. MacMillan, as his writings show, is geni- 
ality and good humour personified. He is a 
thorough master of the doric, and can write it 
with great force and freedom. Hi.s articles arc 
not the laboured cflbrts of .serious study, but 
rather the natural outllow in leisure momi^nts of 




one who is a keen student of men and things, 
and who can give a decidedly humorous turn to 
his every saying. He has contributed to numer- 
ous papers under various names, but it is chiefly 
as the author of the " Jeems Kaye Papei-s " that 
Mr. MacMillan's reputation as a writer rests. 
These "papers" deal with various subjects, and 
not a few of them make line readings, the 
humour of which is never vulgar. A first col- 
lection of the " Jeems Kaye Papers " was pub- 
lished in 1S83, 
and so popu- 
lar has the 
work been that 
over twenty- 
seven thousand 
have been sold. 
A second series 
was issued in 
1S8G, and in 
1888 a third 
a])])eared, both 
of them being 
accorded a 
hearty wel- 
come and a 
ready sale. 

It may be 
stated tluit Mr. 
MacMillan 
was among the 
first to join 
the volunteer 
force, lieing a 
member of the 

I 7tli( Account- 
a n t s) Co m- 
l)any, which 
company ulti- 
mately became 
part of the 1st 
Lanark Rifles, 
and when the 
" G 1 a s g o w 

II igh landers" 
was afterwards 
raised it was a 
grief to him 
that he had 
not waited and 

joined that corps, as he is fond of the kilt and 
tartan, and thinks pipe music the finest in the 
world. 

Mr. MacMillan assisted in the foruuition of 
the Clan MacMillan Society, of which he is a 
chieftain. He delights in travelling in the 
Highlands, and makes himself thoroughly at 
home among the peat reek. Smyluil fadu lUia! 

Abciiibald MacMillan. 

Ovcrnewton, Glasgow*. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



141 



HIGHLAND WIT AND HUMOUR. 



By " FioNN." 




^gfJr.T lias been frequently asserted that the 
^b^Ilighhiniler is very deficient in wit, and 
^^ "[utterly lacking in humour. Of course it is 
but natural that 
the Lovvlandcr 
should find little 
wit in a language 
which he does not 
understand, and no 
humour in the man 
who speaks a 
"barbarous lan- 
guage," as our 
mother tongue has 
been frequently 
designated. Of 
course every 
Gaelic-speaking 
Celt understands 
that many good 
Gaelic stories and 
jokes lose their point and edge when presented 
in Lowland garb. Instead of attempting a ile- 
finition of " wit," or an analysis of " humour," 
let me rather submit a few examples, and 
leave the reader to assort them. 

It has been asserted by a Highland sheriff 
that it is next to impossible to convey to the 
Celtic mind a correct idea of the " rights of pro- 
perty." This, if true, may be the result of 
' heredity," for we know that in the " brave 
days of old " more than one clan piided itself on 
its creaclis, and more than the Clan MacFarlaue 
were prepared to take up the words of the 
gathering tune, "'Thogail vam ho t/ieid siiin." 
" The man who steals a sheep," said my honest 
countryman, " is a mean thief, but the man who 
' lifts ' a score of cattle is a gentleman drover." 
A similar Highland idea of the " rights of pro- 
perty " is represented in the following dialogue : — 
DuGALD.- — Did you hear that Sandy MacNab 
was taken to prison for stealin' a coo ? " 

Donald. — Hoot, toot, the stupit ass. Could 
he no bocht it and no paid for't ? " 

There is rather an amusing story told of a 
Highlander who was visited on his death-bed by 
a clergyman, who, knowing Donald's cattle- 
lifting proclivities, began to exhort him to reflect 
on the long, black catalogue of his sins before it 
was too late, otherwise he would have a tre- 
mendous account to give on the great da}', when 
all the crimes he had committed here would 
appear in dreadful array against him, as evidence 
of hie guilt. " Och, sir," said Donald, "and will 



all the sheep and all the black cattle that Donald 
lifted be there, too?" 

" rnddulitcdly," replied the clergyman. 

" That will be all right, then," said Donald, 
with considerable relief, " just let every^ man 
take back his own, and Donald MacGregor will 
be an honest man again." 

A certain noted poacher and smuggler in the 
West Highlands was being reprimanded by his 
"spiritual overseer" for his habits — the priest 
winding up by saying in Gaelic, " Fliaic thu 
Eoghain, viiir sguir thu dhetli, tlieid t/iu dh' ifrinn 
cho cinnteach 'sa' chaid/i Colla Ciotach win" (" Look 
here, Hugh, if you don't drop it you will go to 
hell as sure as Coll Citto went there"). " Colla 
Ciotach.'" arsa Eoglian, "ma bhitheas esanis mise 
an sin clmiJda, cmnaidh sinn darna taobh an teine 
dhiiinn fht'in " (" Coll Citto ! " said Hugh, " if we 
two are there together we will keep the one side 
of the fire to ourselves "). 

Let us return to the drovers and shepherds. 
Who could find fault with the idea of the rela- 
tion that should exist between master and ser- 
vant as set forth in the following : — "He was a 
guid mai.ster, the laird," said Donald, "and he 
keepit min' o' me till the last, for in his will he 
said — ' I leave to my son Willie the twa black- 
faced yowes that were lost last week, if they're 
foun' oot. An' in case they're no foun' oot, I 
leave them liaith to my faithful servant Donald.' " 
The benevolent expression on Donald's counte- 
nance deepened as he added, in a sighing under- 
tone, " An' I hope they're no foun' oot." 

A Highland — and evidently a Highland-look- 
ing — drover attending Falkirk Tryst was accosted 
by two Lowland scamps, who wanted to have 
some fun at Donald's expense — "Well, Donald," 
said the more forward of ths two, " what will 
she do wi' the coos the year? " " We'll do that 
to the fat," said Donald, as he felled him to the 
ground with his fist, " and we'll kick the lean to 
the grass," as he gave the second a " ri.se in the 
world " with the toe of his tackety shoe. 

A clergyman, crossing the moor, met a High- 
laud shepherd who happened to be calling his 
dog "Moreover," " Moieover," "Moreover." 
Accosting the shepherd, he remarked that it was 
surely a strange name he had for his dog. Was 
it the same as Rover ? " No, no," said the 
owner, " I like to call all my beasts Scripture 
names." " But where do you find that one in 
Scripture ? " The shepherd expressed great 
astonishment at the clergyman's ignorance, and 
asked if he had never read the Bible story of 
Lazarus, and how " Moreover the dog came and 
licked his sores." This reminds one of the game- 
keeper who called his first-born Nimrod — "be- 
cause he was a mighty hunter." In due time a 
second son apjieared, and the gamekeejier, with 
a fine ear for euphony, named him " Ramrod." 



142 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



"SECOND TO NON E." 

(The motto of the Second Dragoons, lioyal Scots Greys). 




CHARGE OF THE SCOTS GltEYIS AT WATERLOO; AXD I■■RE^T^ "EAGLE" CAPTURED liY 
SERGEANT EWART. 

[The above Bpiritecl pieture is reproduced from W. & A. K. .lolinston's excellent work on the " Royal Scots Greys,' 
which we heartily rcconnnend to our readers.] 



Scotland for ever ! hark, it is ringing, 

Down the long vista of echoing years ; 
Slirill and triumphant tlie cavalry trumpet 

Sounds " To the charge," amid deafening cheers. 
" Sensere gigantes," * the giants have felt it, 

Jove's thunder falls powerless on Scotia's shield : 
The pride of a nation, untouched by a focman, 

The white standard-bearer to Scotland must yield. 
Hurrah for the lads of the white plume and thistle ! 

Their fame lives for aye, in the deeds they have done ; 
Where danger lies thickest, and stout hearts are needed. 

Look there for the lads who are " Second to none." 

Scotland for ever ! grey steed and sabre 

Flash as the foam on a storm-beaten rock, 
Back, driven hack on their haunches, the Frenchmen 

Tremble and reel 'neath the terrible shock. 
" Fight for the standard,"! brave son of the mountains. 

The Waterloo eagle is linked with thy name ; 
More leaves for the laurol entwining the standard, 

Already o'erweighted with Scotia's fame. 
Hnrrah for the lads of the white plume and thistle ! 

The lads of " the bonnets of Bonnie Dundee," 
Long may they llourish, our pride and our glory. 

For the dread of their foes are the "de'ils o' Dundee." 

• At Dettingcn the Greys captured from the French 
the white ntaiidard, which bore in the centre a thunder- 
bolt, with the motto, ".Sensere gigantes." 

t During the retreat to Waterloo, Sergeant Ewart, of 
the Oreys, captured the eagle of the 4r)th French Jii- 
fantry, immortalised in art as " The Fight for the 
Standard." 



Scotland for ever I the " Greys " to the rescue 

(Long shall the Frenchman remember the cry) — 
They were two thousand, the Gordons two hundred,* 

charged them with bayonet, to conquer or die. 
Oh ! the wild clash they made, grey steed and tartan, 

Hand on the stirrup, and face to the foe : 
Scotland for ever! their columns are scattered 

As trees are borne down by a torrent in flow. 
Hurrah for the lads of the white plume jind thistle ! 

Resistless in battle, or cotirtesies charms ; 
Long shall the land that so proudly hath borne them 

Ring with the tale of the brothers in arms. 

Scotland for ever ! grey steed and scarlet. 

The clank of the spur, and the tuck of the drum ; 
" Second to cone '' in their dash and their finish — 

Welcome our gallants wherever they come. 
On guidon and sabretache see the French eagle, 

The grey steed clasped fast on the bearskin behind ; 
On stirrup or saddle, where'er the eye glances, 

Some record of valour he sure you may find. 
Hurrah for the lads of the white plume and thistle ! 

Their fame lives for aye, in the deeds they have done. 
Honour and welcome to Scotia's darlings, 

Tiio bonnie " Scots Greys," who stand " Second to 
none" 

Alice C. MacDonf.ll. 

London. 



• The 92nd Gordon Highlanders, reduced to 200, 
cliarRcd with the bayonet HOOO French. As they broke 
into it, the (jrcys rode up in support, the Highlanders 
holding on by their stirrups. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



143 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



THE REAY FENCIBLES. 
To the Editor of the "Celtic Monthly." 

London, 9th March, 1804. 

Sir, — Controversy in these cohimns would be 
reprehensible ; yet permit me, in seK-defence, to 
say that I make every allowance for the clannish 
zeal which prompted Mr. Mackay's remarks on my 
notes about the Reays. This zeal has nnfortunately 
led Mr. Mackay to make assumptions and deduc- 
tions totally inconsistent with facts, so that, with- 
out more conclusive proof, I cannot accept him as 
a better authority — on the raising of these famous 
Fencibles — than Colonel Mackay Baillie and his 
recruiting officers. Consequently I adhere to my 
statement " that the Mackays did not come for- 
ward with such alacrity as is generally believed to 
be the case." 

Mr. Mackay's references to the "Gordon High- 
landers " are not relevant, for that regiment was 
raised as the " Gordon Highlanders," whereas 
neither in army list nor muster-roll can be found a 
regiment designed "The Reay Fencibles, or Maehaij 
Regiment ;" so that those who write in this connec- 
tion about the achievements of the " Mackays " at 
Tara Hill or elsewhere are guilty of an unwarrant- 
able assumption. 

In conclusion, let me say Mr. Mackay should not 
rely on the fictif)ns of Stewart of Garth, nor the 
fables of the Mackay historian when accusing any- 
one of making "misleading statements." So far 
from there being (as Mr. jlackay avers on above 
authority) " 104 William Mackays in the Suther- 
land Fencibles, and 33 John Mackays in one com- 
pany of the same," there were not 104 Maclaijs in 
the whole regiment ! The muster-roll, which is 
surely the most reliable authority, only gives 16 
Johns and 13 William Mackays — so thus these oft- 
quoted fables are exploded. — Yours, &c. 

D. MuRRAT Rose. 



THE HIGHLAND CLUB. 

Sir, — I am glad to see that you are endeavour- 
ing to establish a Highland Club, where all High- 
land societies could come together for mutual 
intercourse, and yet not interfere with their indi- 
Wdual objects and interests. 

I am sure there are many like myself, who are 
descendants of old Highland families, though they 
may not be of the Clans MacGregor or Mackay, but 
are true-hearted Scotsmen, and miss the pleasure of 
the company of like-minded men. Therefore I 
hope that when your endeavours achieve success 
tlirough the medium of your excellent magazine the 
privileges and pleasures of such a club, with its 
reading-roum and library, will be extended to us 

also. J. GlLCHRLST MARSHALL. 



"BAILEACH." 
Sir, — I notice in the February issue " Bal- 
gan-peolach" inquiring as to the correctness of the 
word " baileach," used by M'lntyre in his " Ccad 
deireannach." This word, in the instance quoted by 
your correspondent, is a provinciahsm for "hiul- 



each," which means wholly, totally. In the Perth- 
shire Highlands it is almost invariably pronounced 
with the " a " sound, and M'lntyre, boni and bred 
contiguous to that county, and often wandering 
through it, would be familiar with the Perthshire 
rendering, and used the one or other as the exigen- 
cies of rhyme required. 

He uses the " a " sound in Mairi hhan Otj as 
follows : — 

'* Na'n cuireatlh i cill ruim '3 diultadh baileach 
Bu chuis domh anart a'8 uaigh "'— 

while in Oran nam Briogaisean he finds the " u " 
sound suitable — 

" Smachdaich iad pu buileach sinn 

Tha aiigar a's duilichinn 

'San am so air iomadh fear," &c. 

The Gaelic term for a valley between two hills is 
" healach," an entirely different word and differently 
pronounced. — Yours, &c. 

Alexander Stewart. 

Polmont, Stirlinjrshire. 



Sir, — I notice in your "Notes and Queries," 
page 104, that " Bulgan-peolach" is in a mistake 
about the word " liaileach." The poet is right 
enough. "Baileach" and " buileach " are synony- 
mous, the latter more commonly used in the West 
Highlands, while the former is oftener used in 
Perthshire and the immediate neighbourhood. The 
Gaelic for " valley between two hiUs" is bealach, and 
not baileach, as " Balgan-peolach " thinks. 

A. MacGregor. 



MY LOVE'S ASLEEP. 

Deak, tender dawn, that bids the world arise, 

Break not too soon upon my loved one's eyes. 

Wake her not rudely, let sweet darkness keep 

My love asleep. 

Oh ! wind of Dawn, breathe softly as you may. 
Waft not a single silken tress astray. 
Nor stir the lashes on her downy cheek 
When she's asleep. 

Sing soft, ye little birds, that so my dear 
May think that in her dreams she hear 
Sweet music ; sing of all that's sweet 
While she's asleep. 

Bright day, new bom, be gentle with my love. 
Shower on her joys and blessings from above. 
And when she wakes, oh ! give her dreams as 
sweet 

As when asleep. 

Rita Richjiond. 



The sketch on " Highland Wit and Humoiu-" is 
taken from "Thistledown" — an excellent collection 
of Scottish wit and humour, pubhshed by Alex. 
Gardner, Paisley. 

We regret that owing to the pressure on our space 
this month, we have been compelled to hold over 
the continuation of Col. Charles Stewart's interest- 
ing article on " Covalla," and reviews of " Urquhart 
and Glenmoriston," by \Villiam Mackay ; " Maimers 
and Customs of the Highlanders," and " Irish 
Gaelic Journal." 



144 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 




Clan Mackat Society. — The annual social gather- 
ing: in connection with this 
society was held in Edinburgh 
last month — Rev. Dr. J. Abcrigh- 
Mackay in the chair. There was 
a large attendance. Addresses 
were delivered by the Chairman, 
Sheriff .M.ickay,'LL.D., Colonel 
A. Forbes Mackiiy, and Messrs. 
Alex. Mackay, LL.D., and Hew 
Morrison. The concert, which 
was essentially Highland in its 
character, was ably sustained by a nuniber of talented 
artistes. The whole proceedings were very enjoyable, 
and show that the Clan Mackay is in a flourishing 
condition. We understand that a surphis of about 
£10 has been realised from the gathering. The 
AfAKfH MEETiN(i Was held in the Oddfellows' H!ill, 
Edinburgh, on Thursday last— Mr. Thomas A. M.ac- 
kay in the chair. The Secretary read a letter which 
he had received from a clansman, offering to contri- 
bute flOO to the Bursary Fund if other members 
contribute £200. It was resolved to issue a circular 
to members inviting subscriptions. Collections of 
pictures of the Rcay country, and MSS. containing a 
large niaiibcr of melodies of Rob Donn Mackay's 
Gaelic songs were exhibited, as well as j)hotographs of 
celebrated clansmen abroad, which gave rise to a very 
interesting discussion. It was proposed to arrange an 
excursion to the country during the summer, for the 
benefit of children of the clan. A very pleasant even- 
ing was spent. There was an unusually large at- 
tendance. 

Perth Gaelic Society. — The fourteenth annual 
festival was hold on the Otli ult., in the City Hall, 
Ex-Bailie MacGregor in the chair, and was supported 
by the Lord Provost and a distinguished company 
of gentlemen. Addresses were delivered by the chair- 
man, Rev, Hugh Itoss, Glasgow, and Mr. Hew Mor- 
rison, Edinburgh. An excellent programme of music 
was sustained by the Glasgow Gaelic Musical Asso- 
ciation, whose efforts were enthusiastically applauded. 
This was considered the best gathering the society 
ever held. — At the FEnuuAitY meeting — Mr, John 
A. Stewart, solicitor, in the chair — a paper was read 
on the " Children of Uisneach, first Duan of Fingal, 
and the two Cuchullins," contributed by Colonel 
Charles Stewart [Tiijli'ii jjuin). Like all the gallant 
colonel's literary work, the paper was scholarly, and 
an able exposition of an interesting period in early 
Celtic history. 

The Glasgow Cowai. Shinty Cldb held their 
annual concert in the Waterloo Rooms, on 7th ult— 
Dr. David Ross, M.A., B.Sc, in the chair. The 
chairman advocated that Highlanders should engage 
in the old Highland game of camanachd, as it was 
superior to footliall or any other game. 'I'he concert 
was sustained by a number of talented artistes, all of 
whom gave great satisfaction. The dance was at 
tended by over sixty couples. 

The Clan GkEciOR Society. — The March meet- 
ing of this society took the form of a smoking concert, 
wiiicli was held in the North Britisb Station Hold. 
Speeches were made, an<l songs and pipe nuisic 
rendered by members of the clan, and a very pleasant 
evening was spent. 




AiRDRiE Highland Association met in the- rooms 
on the 7th ult. — Mr. JlacNab, president, in tlic chair. 
Mr. John Collie, read a paper on the " Depopulation of 
the Highlands, and compared the census of the High- 
lands in 1831 and 18!)I. He deplored the decrease of 
population, and advocated legislation on the subject. 

The Gaelic Class conversazione was held on 
13th ult, — Colonel James Menzies in the chair. The 
hall was crowded with members and friends. Speeches 
were delivered liy Iricnds, a first-rate programme was 
sustained by students of the class, and dancing was 
carried on till morning. Mr. Duncan Reid, the able 
teacher of the class, deserves to be congratulated on 
the high marks taken by his scholars at the examina 
tion, and on the success of the social gathering. 
Gaelic Society of London. — At the February 
meeting of this society, 
Mr. John Mackay, 
Hereford, read a most 
instructive paper on 
" Gaelic Laments," and 
at the March meeting 
lir contributed another 
jiaper on " Satires," 
taking Hob Donn as his 
special understudy. 
'I^i^i ' _ _^„ .'1^ Both papers were great- 
ly appreciated by the 
members, and ga\e rise to most interesting discus- 
sions. 

The Paisley Gaelic Club celebrated their annual 
reunion in the Good Templars' Hall, on 2nd March — 
Rev. Alex. MacMillan in the chair. The hall was 
crowded, and the whole proceedings proved a great 
success. The Chairman's speech was particidarly 
good, and raised great enthusiasm among the audience. 
A dance followed. 

►^ ClanMacLean Society.— a meeting of this society 
was held in the Assembly Rooms, 
on ist. ult. — Mr. Magnus Mae- 
lean, M.A., in the chair. A 
paper was read on " General 
Maclean," contributed by Pro- 
fessor J. P. Maclean, U.S.A., 
giving a biographical account of 
this distinguished clansman, and 
the after part of the evening was 
devoted to Gaelic and English 
songs by members and friends. 
Glasgow Sutiierland.shiub Association. — The 
March meeting was held in the Assembly Rooms — 
Mr. Alex. Bruce, vice-president, in the chair. Mr. 
D. W. Kemp, delivered a lecture on the " History of 
the Municipality of the Royal Burgh of Dornoch," 
which led to a very interesting discussion. 

The Govan HioiiLANnERs held their annual con- 
versazione in the Broomloan Hall, on Hth March- 
Mr. Edward E. Henilerson acting as M.C. There 
was a good attendance, and dancmg was kept up 
with great spirit till a late hour in the morning. 

The Mull and Iona Gathering was presided 
over by Colonel Gardyno of Glenforsa, who delivered 
a very instructive address on the habits and customs 
of our forefathers in the Highlands a century ago. 
He considered the conditions of life had greatly im- 
proved since then. The concert was very enjoyable, 
and the dnncc was well attended. 





DAVID REID CROW F. R.C.I. 

Vice-Preiidtnl, London AnjijUshiie Associutiuli. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

A MAGAZINE FOI^ HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 8. Vol. II.] 



MAY, 1894. 



[Price Threepence, 




DAVID REID CROW, F.R.C.I., 

VICE-PRESIDENT, LONDON AKGYLLSHIRE ASSOCIATION. 

^JUt MOEE worthy Highlander tbau the 
(^J^ki subject of oiu- sketch this mouth it 
^^M^ would indeed be difficult to find. Mr. D. 
Reid Crow was born at Lochgilphead, Ai'gyll- 
shire, and there received the education which 
so well fitted him for bis afterwards varied and 
active life. His father, Mr. David Crow, was 
in his day a well-known architect in Glasgow 
and the West of Scotland. 

At an early age our friend made his debut in 
commercial life in Glasgow, but after a time he 
exchanged that centre of industry for London. 
There, amidst the bustle of a business cai'eer, 
Mr. Crow, who weilded a facile pen, found 
time to devote himself to jjress matters, and 
many of the newspaper columns of a generation 
ago are indebted to him for his able contribu- 
tions. His knowledge of the affairs of the 
day would soon have brought the young Scotch- 
man into public eminence, l)ut about this time 
his health gave way, and he was advised to go 
abroad. 

Selecting South Africa as his new abode, he 
arrived in Natal in 1869. Here he met the 
Kev. Mr. Newuham, M.A. Cantab., now a 
rector in the south of England, and both being 
deeply interested in the subject of education, 
they foimded Hilton College, Natal, which has 
since remained one of the leading educational 
institutes in the colony. 

In mUitary matters also Mr. Crow showed 
great skill. When war broke out, and the 
colony was assailed on the north and west by 
the powerful Zulu tribes, he raised a battalion 
of volunteers — known afterwards as the Hilton 
Carabineers. This company, which formed a 
valuable auxiliary to the regular forces, he 
commanded in person, his knowledge of the 
country I'endering him peculiarly suited for 
the duty. On the annexation of the Transvaal 



to the British Crown in 1877, Mr. Crow, along 
with the celebrated novelist, Mr. Rider Hag- 
gard, and Mr. Clarke, R.A. (now Sir Marshal 
Clarke, governor of Basutoland), were appointed 
to the staff" of Sir Theophilus Sliepstone After 
the pacification of the country he was placed 
on the Commission of the Peace and appointed 
a Sjjecial Commissioner. At Heidelberg, Mr. 
Crow had the honour of first officially hoisting 
the British flag. 

Again, in the Transvaal War of 1880-81, he 
distinguished himself in the mUitary operations 
at Potchefstroom. Dui'ing this exciting j)eriod, 
however, many of his comrades fell. Mr. Crow 
and his old friend Col. Clarke became j)risoners 
of war untU peace was restored, when they 
regained their liberty. 

After these eventful times, Mr. Crow again 
turned his attention to business, and settled 
down in Pretoria. Here he was one of the 
earliest and most successful merchants. His 
connection with the Loudon markets necessi- 
tated his opening an office there, which he con- 
ducted himself, taking periodical visits to the 
Transvaal. 

Notwithstanding his eventful career, Mr. 
Crow always clierished the warmest interest in 
his fellow-countrymen and anything pertaining 
to his native country. When, in 1890, the 
London Argyllshire Association was formed, he 
was unanimously elected president. To this 
post he has been re-elected every year, till last 
session, when, owing to his leaving London, 
the Association hail to reluctantly accept his 
resignation. He was, however, elected au 
honorary vice-president. 

Mr. Crow is a Fellow of the Roj'al Colonial 
Institute, a member of the National Liberal 
Club, and holds a high position in the Masonic 
fraternity. Though yet in the prime of life, 
he has retired from business, and, like a true 
Highlander, has selected Ardrishaig as his 
place of residence. That he may live long to 
enjoy the fruits of his well-earned leism-e will 
be the heartfelt wish of all his numerous 
friends. Neil Macmillan. 



146 



TIIK CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE HEADLESS SPECTRE: A SUTHERLANDSHIRE GHOST STORY. 



By Tiin Editoi;. 

Chapter III. — The 
Spectre again seen. 

YEAR passed. As 
the weeks rolled on, 
and nothing more 
was seen of the 
spectie, I sometimes 
wondered if it could 
lie all real. Was it 
jiossihle that I had 
fallen asleep on the 
rocks, and dreamt 
what I had seen, 
and awakening in 
the midst of my ex- 
c i t e m e n t, had 
imagined it all true i 
No ; I was too sure 
about the reality of 
my experience. 1 
■saw tlie ghostly 
tigure as clearly as 
I see you now before 
me, and I .shall not 
forget its horrible 
appearance as long 
as I live. 

Twelve months 
had pa.ssed away, 
and people were be- 
ginning to remem- 
ber tlie occurrence 
as an old and curi- 
ous story. It seemed 
likely soon to be 
looked upon as one 
of the many weird 
''traditions " of the 
district. However, 
it was brought fresh 
to their memory in 
rather a strange 
manner. 

One night the 
village shoeniaker was working in Janus iNLickay's house, making a pair of boots for one of the 
children. In the midst of work ho found that he required a tool which he had forgotten to bring 
with him, and he asked his youngiM- brother, John Gordon, to go across the river to his house for 
the instrument. Jolin dcpitrted on the errand, accompanied by his companion, Sandy Munro. 
The r(jad winds round the edge <if the sands, as you can easily sei! from liere, then across the river, 
and up the hill aljovc the shore towards the great cave of Suioo. The .sand reaches right around to 
the cliils on the other side. 

Well, it WHS a very pleasant night, and there was light enough to see the great expanse of sand 
f|uite clearly. TIk; lads soon reached the liouse, proc\n-ed the required tool, and started on their 
way back. As they came chatting along the road, Gordon suddenly stopped speaking, and looked 
out towards the sea, as if watching some object. 




KVKKVTUJNi: WAS WDAl'l'Kli IN MV.MKKV. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



U7 



After a little he stood and said : 

" I wonder what that man out there can want 
at this time of nifjht 1 " 

" Where V exclaimed Munro, surprised. 

" Why, out there. Don't you see him ?" .said 
John Gordon, pointing out towards the sands. 
" He is standing in the water. Surely the fel- 
low cannot be bathing 1 " 

Munro looked out, then rubbed his eyes and 
looked again, but said he could see nothing. 

" You must be very blind," said John. Then 
])Utting his finger to Munro's right eye, in tele- 
scope fashion, he added: "Now, look straight 
down my finger, and you will .see a man. He 
is now coming over this way." 

Munro had to confess that he could see nothing 
except the water and the sand. Not a living 
being was in sight. 

Up till this point neither of them had thought 
for one moment of anything supernatural, but 
now Munro began to feel somewhat scared. 

For some little time John stood motionless, 
his eyes rivetted on some object which they 
seemed to follow. Then, in awe-struck voice, 
almost a whisper, he said : 

" Sandy, it's a ghost ! It has only a shirt on, 
and it is quite close to us — ^^just down there," 
meaning the .sands which lay below the embank- 
ment upon which they stood. 

" Oh, John, don't stand there so quiet ; let us 
run to the village," exclaimed Munro, who was 
now greatly agitated. 

" I can't, Sandy ! I can't move ! I feel a.s if I 
were bound hand and foot," John said, slowly 
and quietly, as if he only spoke mechanically. 

" And oh, Sandy ! " he suddenly shrieked, 
" it has no head ! It's James Morrison's ghost. 
Run and bring my father, or it will carry me 
away ! " 

Munro needed no second bidding. He tied 
on the wings of fear. As he rushed across the 
bridge he heard a frightful unearthly scream, 
and glancing back he saw John Gordon throw 
up his arms and fall heavily on the road. 
Terror-struck, Munro ran into James Mackay's 
house, and breathlessly related all that had 
passed. Mackay, Gordon's brother, and one or 
two men who were in the house enjoying a 
chat, started to their feet at once, and rushed 
out of the house. Munro said he would not 
venture outside again that night for his life. 

On the edge of the road they came across the 
motionless body of Gordon. His face was as 
that of a corpse, and they thought at first that 
he was dead, but soon found that he was in a 
faint. They lifted the poor lad tenderly, and 
carried him to the house. It was long before 
he became conscious, and no one could induce 
him to relate all that he had seen that night. 
He simply said that he had looked upon the 



remains of the dead, and that such things only 
came upon us as a warning. 

A party of men made a thorough search of 
the sands, hoping to find some clue to explain 
this ravelled myster}'. Every nook and corner 
was explored, but all without result. No 
human being was to be found, and no glimpse 
could be had of the disturbing spirit. The sand 
even below the place where the body was found 
was closely examined, but no trace could be seen 
of a footmark. Everything was wrapped in 
mystery. The searchers went home feeling that 
some horrible fiend was abroad at their very 
doors, and they were unable to protect them- 
selves from its unwelcome attentions. All they 
could do was to wait and see how it was to end. 

Chapter IV. — The Mystery Solved. 

It may seem strange that intelligent people 
should accept these gho.stly visitations as only 
an earnest, a destinct warning, indeed, of some 
great calamity which was to happen sooner or 
later in their neighbourhood. They believed 
that there was a purpose in these things, but in 
what form that warning was to find expression, 
or who the sufferers were to be, they could make 
no satisfactory conjecture. . . . The next 
generation may know more aVjout the super- 
natural world than we do. Science and common- 
sense may accomplish what scepticism has failed 
to teach us. 

At any rate, there was one thing which we in 
this parish were sure of — the spectre had dis- 
appeared from the sands, and it was fondly hoped 
that its absence would be a permanent one. 
Very nearly a year had come and gone and no 
one had seen the dreaded spirit, which, truth to 
tell, no one really wanted to see ! The weather 
had been beautifully fine at the season I speak 
of, and it seemed likely to continue so for several 
weeks to come. One memorable night, when the 
people had retired to rest, the moon was shining 
brightly, and there was hardly a breath of wind 
to ruffle the surface of the water. 

In the early hours of the morning the good 
folks of the village were suddenly awakened by 
the roar of a great hurricane which swept over 
the land, threatening to tear the roofs off the 
houses. At short intervals bright flashes of 
lightning illumined the landscape, while the 
thunder kept up a continual crash overhead. 
The dashing and moaning of the stormy aea 
could be heard at a great distance. Indeed, such 
a wild night had not been experienced for many 
years in Durness. 

In the morning, when the day had dawned, 
the people came out to see if any damage had 
been done to their property. The morning was 
so quiet and serene that one could hardly believe 



148 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



that only a few hours before such a wild storm 
had raged. 

A man liappened to go down to the shore, and 
•what a sight met his eyes ! A large ship had 
gone to pieces on tlie rocks, and the sands were 
covered with a mass of wreckage. The news 
quickly spread, and soon the whole population 
were gathered on the beach, saving from the 
waves the debris of the wreck. Not a soul on 
board the ship was saved, the bodies of sixteen 
drowned sailors being found strewn among the 
rocks. Many others were carried out into the 
deep Pentland, and were never recovered. 



But what sent a thrill a horror tlirough the 
spectators was the ap])earance of one of the bodies 
which was found far up on the sands, just below 
the spot where John Gordon had fainted. This 
corpse had no head I Through some curious 
accident the upper part of the head iiad been 
wrenched off, the lower jaw l)eing all that 
remained. It had no covering except a shirt of 
the usual length. Not a word was said as the 
remains were carefully lifted up on to the road, 
and placed in a large box which was procured for 
their reception. To the minds of those present 
the discovery of this body had solved a mystery. 




I1AI.N.\KIEL GKAVEYAltD .\N1» CM Al'i;!,, |iri{.\i:-is. 



for the corpse was ])lacod in the coffin on the very 
place where the ghost had been seen. It was 
a most remarkable coincidence — if I could call 
it that. And it exactly answered the descrip- 
tion which botli Gordon and myself had given of 
the spectre, even in regard to its scanty clothing. 
The remains of the sixteen sailors were interred 
in the graveyard at Balnakili, in the right hand 
corner opposite you as you enter. !Many a poor 
drowned seaman was buried tliere before, and 
several have been placed there since. A great 
number of the people of the place attended the 
funeral, and saw all that was human of the 
" headless speclro " placed under the sod. 



Now that is all I have to tell you regarding 
the wreck of the "Junii)er," and the strange 
circumstances connected with it. If you can 
explain to me by any rule of science or reason 
how I saw that man's spirit two years before his 
death, or why (iordon saw it twelve months 
before the body was found, I shall be obliged to 
you. To mo tlio memory of these events is not 
a pleasant one. How could it be otherwise f 

When Morrison had finished his weird story 
I looked down at the beach, wliich was close at 
liand. There was not a cloud in the sky, and 
the long stretch of pure white sand was bathed 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



149 



in a flood of moonlight. Awa}' in the distance 
the great cliti's rose out of the water, and cast a 
dark shadow. The whole e.xpanse of sand and 
water could he scanned as far as the eye could 
reach — a perfect fairyland to those who were not 
acquainted with its gruesome associations. 

Turning to my friend, wlio was preparing to 
go indoors, I said : 

" Was nothing ever found out about the 
identity of this man — his name, position, or 
history ! There must surely have been some 
strange story connected with his career!" 

" Nothing, absolutely nothing, was ever found 
out about him. The bodies were never identified, 



although full particulars regarding the vessel and 
crew were afterwards ascertained. The ship 
was homeward bound from India for the Clyde. 
People Said that the man must have committed 
some great crime, and that justice had overtaken 
him in the storm. But it is getting late, and 
you have some distance to go up the strath, so 
good-night, and a safe journey to-morrow across 
Erribol." 

"Good-night," I answered, "and the best wish 
that I can express is that you may see no more 
headless spectres on Durness Sands." 

(Concluded). 



OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



FAILTE DHUIT, SLAINTE DHUIT. 

To Lord Archibald Campbell, on his coming to preside at the second Mod 
of the CoMUNN G.\iDiiEALACH lit Oban, in September, 1893. 



S^isd. Kkv KV Lively, beating twice in the measure. 

:s|s:n:d|s:n:d|s:l:t|d':t 

O I fiil - te dlmit, sliliii - te dhuit. | ,\dli 'us toil - inn - tinn 



I : did : 

ch do shinn'si 



nlf 



:m|s : I : s|n: r : 

Thig I sluagh 's iad ri oth - ail 
Rann. 

:n|s:l:s|n:r: 

Mo dliinaohd 'hhi'n taic' ruil.h. 



d I f : s : lid' 

ad choinneamh nam mil 



lis : f : n|r : d : r|m:d 

Gu ! mod nam fear dil - eas Each ' diob • air 



d I f : s : lid': t : 

>ar [ cluiniitinn 'sgar faicinn, 'Nil 



1 Is 



I ghluaiseas 



d I d : r : n I r : r 

a' chaisnieachd moch m.adainn 



s I s : 1 : 

^a lihriiehdas 



n 



gaisgioh 

:s|s:l:s|s:n 

Duislnihoi' a<; • US bhe.ag-a 

:n|s:l:s|n:r 

Na I h-uillt 'y iad ri dranndan 



1 : 1 1 d' : t : 11 

troimh na glacan. 'S na j 

1 : 1 1 d' : t : 1 



: r I n : d 

thar ai8 • ea'' 



d I f : s 

la'n leuin leis 



le feadain, 'S mac- 1 tall 

lid': t : lis 

na gleanntan, Co-|{hu 



f : n I r : d 

tigh'nn thair • is 

n:d|d:r :n|r:r 

a ga freag- • airt 'an j creag- - ar 

f:m|r:d:r|m:d 

.1 aig am bonn ris gach]tonn air 



: f|r:- 

beann ;Yrd ; 
Fine. 

d|d:-|| 

na bha. 1 1 

r I r: — 

Di - niAirt 

did:- 

'us mhiim, 



B.C. 

d|d:-j 

an triigh. I 



Cha'n ionann "s na li-uaibhrich nach tigeadh gu 'S do ghluasad air faiche, am maise, thar chJlich. 

tuath, Gur ioraadh fuil uasal ag comhail a d' ghruaidhean, 

Ach a mharbhadh 'sa ruagadh feadh chruach agus 'S tha inntinn nam buadhan 'an suairceasgunstrkic. 

charn ; 



Ri losgadh 'us leinadh air creutairean biidheach, 
'Se crunadh an s61ais 'bhi comhradh mu'm bAs. 
Acli 'b feJirr le Gilleasbuig toilinntinnean eile, 
Cruit-chiiiil a Ijhiodh deiseil gu freagairt nan dkn. 
Ag ^isdeachd nan oran gu h-aoibheil 's a' ch6iiihlan. 
'S a' chainnt a tha ceolar an brdugh nam b&rd. 

Gur math thig an deise thug buaidh air gach 

sgeudach, 
Mu d' choni a tha eireachdail deas air a' bhlar ; 
'S a' bhoineid a direadh tha iteag an fhior-eoin 



Cha d'fhuair thu le cheannach bhi cruadalach 

smearail, 
Ach diichas nan seanar nach leanadh an traill. 
A' chbmhsaicheadh righrean an aobhar na firinn, — 
"Chum coirichean cinnteach na riogh'chd o gach 

niimh 
Cha'n ioghnadh leam t-aogasg 's fuH Dhiarmaid a' 

d' aodan, 
'O cheannardaibh laoch a bha daonnan na'n siir. 
Gur fiillein thu 'n chraobhaig a dh'fhks am Bun- 

aora, 



Crios-guaile nan rlorahadh fo ghrinn lannair braisd. 'Leig sios an fhuil chraobhach 's thug saorsa o thkir. 
Cirbean a' bhreacain a bualadh air gartain, 

'''"^s"*' John MacFadven. 



150 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



REV. DONALD H. O. D. MACKINNON, 
M.A., F.R.G.S. 

HON. VICE-PUE.SIPENT, CL.\N MACKISNOS SOCIETY. 

DONALD H. O. DIMSDALE 
MACKINNON, ]\LA., F.R.G S., is the 

eldest son of the late Major-General 
Daniel MacKinnon, a distinguished officer, who 
served in the 16th (Queen's) Lancers through- 
out the lust Afghan war]_of 1838-!), and the 
Sikh campaign 
of 1845-6, for 
which he re- 
ceived two 
medals wth 
clasps for 
Ghuznee, So- 
braon, and 
A 1 i w a 1, in 
which latter 
battle he had 
his horse shot 
under him, 
and in which, 
although a 
subaltern, he 
commanded a 
squadron 
throughout 
the day, and 
at the end of 
which he was 
almost the only 
officer of his 
coqjs fit for 
duty when he 
had to bury 
the dead 
throughout 
the ensuing 
night. M r. 
MacKinnon's 
mother was 
tbc daughter 
of the late 
Honourable 
T h o m a s 
Robert, 4th 
Baron Duns 
dale, and his 

great-grandfather was AVilliam, thirty-third 
chief of the C'liin MacKinnon, who succeeded, 
on the death, in 1808, of the last male repre- 
sentative of the luhnoric, or direct line. On 
WiUiam's death, in 1809, the chioftamship 
passed to his eldest grandson, William Alex 
andcr, whoso brilliant Parliamentary career 
extended over a period of forty six years. 

The subject of our sketch was educated at 
Haileybury and Exeter CoUege,pxford, whence 




he graduated in 1871, and proceeded M.A. in 
1873. He was ordained deacon in 1872, and 
was assistant minister of Quebec Chapel, St. 
Mary-le-boue till 1879, when lie took charge of 
Speldhurst, in Kent, of which he became rector 
in 1889, as such holding tbe patronage of Rust- 
hall and Langton vicarages, and the chapelry 
of Groombridge. Li early life he devoted 
himself to athletics, being a memljer of his 
College boat for three years, and gaining several 
prizes for run- 
mng, jumping, 
&c. After his 
marriage, in 
1875, with 
Jemima, 
daughter of 
Jtimes Macal- 
pine-Lenj', of 
Dalswin ton, 
D u m f r i e s- 
shire, an 
officer of the 
8th (King's) 
Hussars, he 
spent much of 
his leisure time 
ui travel, hav- 
ing visited 
most parts of 
Europe, and 
latterly the 
Cape. He ex- 
p 1 o r e d the 
Arctic regions 
of Lappmark 
in 1887 with 
his wife, who 
is one of the 
tirst Britisli 
ladies who 
penetrated so 
tar, and he 
subsequently 
published a 
book entitled, 
■'L a p 1 a n d 
Lite," which 
reached two 
editions. Mr. 
JlacKiunon is a Free Mason of Apollo Lodge 
(Oxford Liniv.). He has always taken the keen- 
est interest in all matters connictccl with the 
Highlands, and in 1882 published the only 
"Memoirs of Clan Eingon." Mr. MacKinnon 
has long advocated the formation of a clan 
society, and the wish of his heart has now been 
happily realised. 1 1 e has three sons — George 
(midshijjman, R.N.), Alaister, and Lachlan. 
Glasgow. Duncan MacKinnon. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



151 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



By Chaeles Feasee-Mackintosh, F.S.A. (Scot.). 

Part VI. — {continued from, page 137). 
|pI3||HE last of the documents I have connected 
y^ with Angus Macdonald is a bond of 
^r^- friendship by Dougall, afterwards Sir 
Dougall Campbell of Auchinbreck, dated 25th 
August, 1603, the signatures to which, being 
those of men of some consequence, are given in 
facsimile. In a singular old MS. genealogy of 
the Argyles, done by Advocate Campbell, 



styling himself " Bailie of Argyle," and which 
terminates with John, second Duke of Argyle, 
who succeeded in 1703 — No. 40 of the line — 
I observe from my copy, which is not very 
legible, that, lieginning with " Smerrie Mor," 
who married a sister of King Aiden of Scotland, 
(crowned Anno 542), the chronicling bailie in 
due time reaches No. 28, viz., Duncan, father of 
the first Auchinbreck. Here is the account : — 

■ " 28. Duncan-an-aigh is said in France to have 
killed a boar, for which reason the family has a 
boar's head in their arms ; he married Marjory Stuart, 
daughter to Robert, Duke of Albany, Governor of the 
Kingdom under his brother, King Robert the Third, 







J. 

1^ -^ "■ ■^ 



SIGNATURKS TO AfCIIINBRECK'S BOND OF 1603. 



second king of the Stuarts. This King Robert was 
he that was called John Harnyear ? So his wife was 
King Robert's niece, and grandchild to King Robert 
Bruce, daughter to King Robert Bruce, by whom tho- 
crown came to the Stuarts. This Duncan begat on 
this noble lady two sons and a daughter, viz , Archi 
bald Roy and Colin, afterwards Sir Colin Campbell of 
Glenurchy, called Colin-dubh-na-Roimh, who married 
Margaret Stewart, eldest daughter to the Lord Lorn. 
She built Castle Kilchurn, in the head of Loch Ow, 
in her husband's ab.-enoe at Rome. On his return he 
became tutor to Argyle, his nephew ; built the tower 
of Inveraray. He married four times, and lived 100 
years. Duncan an Aigh's second marriage was with 
Margaret Stuart, daughter to Sir John Stuart of 



Ardgowan, now called Blackball, a natural son of 
King Robert, and had many sons of her, viz., Duncan 
Campbell of Auchinbreck, whose offspring were called 
Sliochd Donchy ; (2) Neil Campbell, of whom the 
Laird of EUangireg ; (3) Archibald, the first Laird of 
Ottar, in Cowal. This Duncan an Aigh was cotem- 
porary with King Robert the Third, second king of 
the Stuarts, crowned anno 1390, and with King 
James 1st, crowned 1424." 

I may mention that Duncan-an-Aigh is stated 
to have been so called, being fortunate in his 
life, while his feeble-minded brother John, pre- 
decessor of Barbreck, had the significant appella- 
tion of "Annain." Sir Dougall Campbell of 



152 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Auchinbreck was a leading man among the 
Campbells betwixt the years 1592 and 1625. 

" Be it kenned to all men by these present letters, 
We, Anjrus M'Connald of Dounavaig, and Dongall 
Campbell of Auchinbreck, understanding the ancient, 
honourable, and mutual bond, and the great friend- 
ship that was, and is, betwixt the house of Kintyro 
and the house of 
Auchinbreck, and 
now we, the saids 
Angus M'Connald 
and D o u g a 1 1 
Campbell of 
Auchinbreck, 
being of that same 
good mind that 
our predecessors 
was to others, and 
willing to renew 
the said ancient 
and honourable 
bond, I, the said 
Dougall Camp- 
bell of Auchin- 
breck to be bound 
and obliged, like 
as I, by the tenor 
hereof, binds and 
obliges me for mj'- 
self, and the haill 
house of Auchin- 
breck, and all 
others my vas- 
sals, friends, ser- 
vants, tenants, 
and dependers to 
fortify, assist, 
maintain and de- 
fend the said 
Angus M'Con- 
nald of Douna- 
vaig, his friends, 
vassals, servants, 
and dependers in 
all his and their 
honest, honour- 
able, and leisonie 
atlairs and adoes 
whatsoever coii- 
trar, whatsoever 
person or persons 
(His Majesty and 
the Earl of Argil! 
except), and sludl 
not by myself, or 
by any of my 
house or any de- 
penders, hear or 
see the said Angus 
or any of liis house or dependers hurt, or skaitb, 
either in body, lands, or goods, without it come by 
His Majesty, or by my Lord Karl of Argyll, but I 
shall stop and latt the same to my power, and make 
the said Angus and liis friends to be foreseen hereof, 
in so far as I and my said friends may by any moyan 
either by sea or land, and to corroborate the former 
bond and this new bond. Likcas has given a solcnm 




.M.VCDUNALl) OF Tllli ISLES. 

" Tlie n^ire represents one of the Lords of the Isles sittinjr in judpnient ( 
Tom Moid, or Law Hill, in ICillcan Comhairlich. with his linrons i\ 
him. He weare the haher^eon, or shield of mail, ntnlcnt.Mih, i\u- sin- 
a leather doublet are seen, and the legs and arms r\iiil. it thr ,,ppin 
breacan of Lord M.i<*n<tnnld. The clopaid. or sknll i ij'. i "i tin i<>itii 



bv the nl.l 
fairni-on, 
distiii^'ui-- 
The 8w..n 
" Clans ol 



private oath to perform the same, and shall renew the 
same foties quoties if I be required thereto. In witness 
whereof I have subscribed this bond with my hand, 
as likeways the said Angus has sub.<;cribed the like 
bond to me, at Skipnish, the loth day of August, 
1603 years, before these witnesses. Colin Campbell 
of Kilberrie, Neill M'Neill of Thynis, Malcolm 
M'Neill his brother, Alexander Macdougall Persone 
of Kildaltane, 
Hector M'Neill, 
fiar of Thynis ; 
and Cuthbert 
Adamsoun, Com- 
missar of Argyll. 
(Signed) Dougall 
Campbell off 
Achinbreck, 
Colin Campbell ot 
Kilberrie, wit- 
ness; Noil 
M'Neill of Thy 
n i s, witness; 
;\ I e X a n d e r 
M'Doiigall Per- 
sone of Kildal- 
tane, witness ; 
Cuthbert Adam- 
son, witness. 

Without 
some account of 
the desperate 
feuds betwixt 
the Isla family 
and the Mac- 
leans the story 
of Angus Mac- 
don aid's life 
would be incom- 
plete. Ill place 
of attempting to 
s n in m arise 
matter s, and 
committing my- 
.self to either 
side, I purjiose 
to transcribe 
the account 
given by the 
historian of a 
northern clan 
u n connected 
with either bj' 

^qi, ^ ;HnM 111. 'li.iil r ,,1 Imm K lir^nluT. vlutH' ticS, but 

■"■■ ' ""■ "■^"' '" ''■'■■'"" friendly to the 

M ac d ona Ids. 
Tliis history has 
not been published, was written aliout 150 years 
ago, is conceived in easy and concise language, 
and the part now given was introduced as a 
matter of general importance in Scottish liistory 
of the time : — 

" Here it may be observed that, by undue influ- 
ence, King James was in 1588 induced to confirm to 



THE OELl'lC MONTHLY. 



153 



Hector Maclean certain lands in the Rinns of Isla, 
stating that they at one time pertained to his pre 
decessors. 

" There had heen a quarrel of an old standing be- 
tween the M 'Donalds of the Western Isles and the 
M'Leans, which was like to prove fatal to either some- 
time. As far back as the year 1586, Donald Gorra- 
mor of Slait, intending to visit his brother, Angus 
M ' Donald of Kintyre, he embarks in the Isle of Skye, 
but was driven by contrary winds on the Isle of Jura, 
which was divided betwixt the M'Donalds and the 
M'Leans. He happened to land on the side of the 
island belonging to the M'Leans. 

" About the same time that Donald Gorm landed, 
two gentlemen of the name of M'Donald who had a 
quarrel with him arrived in the island with a company 
of men, who, understanding that he was there, they 
secretly, under silence of the night, seized a number 
of cattle belonging to the M'Leans, and carried them 
off in their boat, knowing that Donald Gorm and his 
retinue would be blamed, and that the M'Leans would 
revenge the loss of their cattle upon them, which 
accordingly happened. 

" Sir Lachlane M 'Lean being alarmed, presently raises 
his men, and under silence of the night marches and 
attacks Donald Gorm and his company and killed GO 
of his followers dead upon the spot. Donald himself 
and the rest escaped to a ship that stood in the 
harbour waiting a fair wind. 

"Angus M'Donald of Kintyre hearing of this un- 
happy affair betwixt his cousin Donald Gorm and his 
brother-in-law, Sir Lachlane M'Lean — for he was 
married to Sir Lachlane's sister — he resolved to lose 
no time in setting out for the Isle of Sky, to wait for 
Donald Gorm, and to offer his good offices to make 
up a peace betwixt two such near relations. 

" Having stayed some lime in the Isle of Sky with 
his cousin, he returns home, and in his way lands at 
Mull, and went to Dowart, M'Lean's principal resi- 
dence, though his two brothers, Coll and Ronald, 
used their utmost effort to dissuade him from seeing 
Sir Lachlane at that time, but rather to make an 
appointment with him to meet him in some proper 
place, and at the same time to acquaint him that 
though Donald Gorm was so greatly injured by him, 
yet he was disposed to have matters amicably ad- 
justed, lint Angus had such confidence in his 
brother-in-law that nothing could dissuade him from 
seeing him then, upon which his brothers left him, 
but his cousin Ronald accompanied him to Dowart. 

" Sir Liichlane at first received him with a show and 
appearance of great civility, but at length Angus was 
seized with his men and secured in prison. His cousin 
Ranald narrowly escaped that night, but Angus was 
detained close prisoner till he renounced his title and 
right to the Rinns of Islay, which was the heritage of 
the M'Donalds by donation from the king for their 
personal services. Angus in the end was forced to 
consent or die. He gave James, his eldest son, and 
Ranald, his brother, as hostages for the performance, 
to remain at Dowart till Sir Lachlane was put in 
possession of the Riuns, which being done they were 
set at liberty. 

" Angus, full of resentment at the injuries done to 
his cousin and himself, meditates how to be revenged. 
In order to which he sends a kind invitation to Sir 
Lachlane to come to Islay to finish their agreement, 
and to get the sasine of the Rinns. Sir J.achlane 



accepts the invitation, and leaving Ranald, one of the 
hostages, in fetters at Dowart, he brings the other, 
James, who was his own nephew, along with him to 
his house, promising to make him as welcome as his 
heart could make him while his provisions lasted. 
(Tu lie continued). 



SON OF THE GAEL. 

To "FlONN." 



Son of the Gael, I will lilt tliee a ditty — 
VVell art thou loved in the glen and tlie city^ 
Loved for thy diction so powerful and witty, 
Loved for thy fealty so fearless and bright : 
Long may health cling to thee, 
While I now sing to thee — 
Blessings on " Fionn " the fair — Vjrave Henrj 
Whyte ! 

Son of the Gael, could I warble thy praises 
With all the sweet freshne.ss and beauty of daisies, 
Then would I cheer thee, 'mid mystical mazes, 
While you teach Gaelic by day and by night : 
Long may you praise the tongue 
Which your own mother sung — 
Blessings on "Fionn" the fair — brave Henry 
Whyte ! 

Son of the Gael, sure thy heart's in the High- 
lands, 
Twined round thetightlittle,storm-beatenislands, 
Thinking no country in foreign or nigh lands 
Equals in grandeurthineown,andthou'rt right: 
Long may you love the glens, 
Corries and heath-clad bens — 
Blessings on "Fionn" the fair — brave Henry 
Whyte. 

Son of the Gael, where the pibroch is screaming, 
There with the mem'ries of old thou art dream- 
ing— 
Dreaming of martyrs who, heedless of scheming, 
Fought 'gainst the darkness of Error for Light : 
Long may you love to praise. 
Men who have won their bays. 
While we bless " Fionn" the fair — brave Henry 
Whyte ! 

Son of the Gael, may thy faith never falter, 
Till from the Highlands you loosen the halter, 
Till on a pinnacle thou shalt exalt her, 

To reign o'er a kingdom untrammelled by 
might ; 
Then every Gael sliall sing. 
While all the Highlands ring. 
Blessings on "Fionn" the fair — 1 rave Henry 
Whyte ! 
M,n.i,»,t»r DuKCAX MacLean. 



154 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. accommodated. The restaurant will be a means 

ill Comiiiuiiiraiiuiu,. uii literary •iitd business of training the guls and supporting the estab- 

maiterH,shnuhi he adtiressed to the Editor, 3ir. JOBS lishuient, aiid the depot IS going to be a parcel- 

MAfKAV, 17 niiiiiliis street, Kinastoii, aiasuow. post arrangement J to encourage old and young 

' ® ' to make and send marketable articles, and help 

TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC to revive the art of spinning, weaving, and 

MONTHLY win be sent, post free, to any part of the knitting again in the Highlands. 

United Kingdom, Canada, tlie United StaUi, and all ^y^ must, however, impress upon our readers 

countries in ike Postal Union— for one year, 4s. tjjat such an undertaking . requires funds to 

-~- - start successfully, and we liope they, as well as 

T~H E C E LT IC Monthly °^^ Highland societies, and all interested in the 

UAT 18M. Highlands, will help with the good work. 

^^^ ^^^^^ ^__^__ ^ ^^^_^^^^_^^^ ^^_^;^;.,^_^:,;^;;a ^^^^ We understand that a Gaelic concert, under 

fj o x< "F ^ T^ 1' s. ^^^ distinguished patronage of the Lord High 

Dav.dRk,d CROW F.R.C.I. (plate-portrait). -" ■ ■ -145 Conmiissioner for Scotland and the Marchioness 

Tim HBADLB8S Si'BCTBE : A Sutherlandshire Ghost Story of Breadalbane, will be given 111 Ldinburgli, dur- 

(illustrated), 146 tjjg meeting of Assemblies, in its behalf. 

oiRMr8,cALP*o.-FAiuTED.,r.T,StAiNTED„r,T ■ . 149 Secretaries— Mrs. Carmichael, 7 St. Bernard's 

Kev. D0X.4LDH. O. D. MacKis.n-ox, M. A, F.R.O.S. (portrait), 150 i.«i. tt -.» i ■ ^ . i^j- 

The LA.T Macdosalds of I8la, Part 6 (illustrated), . ■ 151 ^osv, and Miss Hay, Merchiston Avenue, Ldin- 

So.N oi-tiieGarI/— To "FioNX" (apoeiii), - ■ • IfS burgh. 

A HioHLAND RE018TRT — OCR NEXT issiE — he.vry wiivte We shall be gUid to recclve and acknowledge 

TEST.MOS.AL .... - - ■ ■ . 154 s„,jscriptions on behalf of the " Highland 

TosoiE AND ITS HisTORrc Si'RROfSDiHos (illustrated), - - 155 ^1^ o 

HioiiuAXD Wit A.vDHiMoiH (illustrated), .... 1,58 Home. 

Donald M.»cDosAi,D, New York, US.A. (portrait), - - 159 

GAEUC A1R8 TO LOWLAKD SO.VOB, 100 O II R M P V T I « C 1 1 R 

Coi. CiiAELiB Stewart, Tioii '.s Diin (plate-portrait). • 101 u u rt ra c .IV I I o o u c. 

KEVIEWS-PRK.SENT.WIO.V TO HE.VRY Wiivte ("FioNN"), ■ ■ 102 "Wj, ,,.^11 present our readers with a life-like plate 

Letter TO THE EDiTOK (The ReayFkncibles), - - -103 portrait of Mr Donald N. Nicol, of Ardiiiarnock, a 

A Kies OF thkKi.no.) Hand (a poem), • .- - - -103 gentleman well known and greatly respected in all 

Kews Of THE MoxTH, &c., 164 ^^^^ ^f Argyllshire, whicli will be accompanied 



A HIGHLAND REGISTRY. 

We are glad to intimate that the long talked of 
Highland Register is actually about to become 
an accomplished fact, and girls coming from the 
north and west to our great city will, in a short 
time, not only find friends to help them, but a 
"Home" to receive them. 

The Highland societies have had the subject 
before them for a long time, and have discus.sed 
it again and again witiiout any practical result. 
Now, however, a few ladies in Edinburgh and 
Glasgow have put their heads together, and 
behold — the thing is done ! They have formu- 
lated a plan, and in a few weeks we are told 
that they intend to open a Highland Home in 
our city, and, in connection with the Home, 
propose to have a liegistin- for all Highlanders, 
a Restaurant, and a Depot for home industries. 
We confess that this at first appeared to us 
rather a large order, liut after an interview with 
one or two of the energetic ladies of the com- 
mittee we came away convinced that the scheme 
is quite practicable, and that, if once fairly 
started, can be made, after a short time, self- 
supporting. 

The establishment must be on a small scale 
to begin with, and only six or eight girls can be 



with an interesting biographical sketch. We wUl 
also give finely engraved portraits of Mr. A. Stewart 
MacGregor, vice-consul at Christiania, Norway ; 
Mr. A. MacNaV), president, .\irdrie Highland Asso- 
ciation ; and Messrs. Thomas H. Murray, and Neil 
MacMillan, joint-secretaries, London Argyllshire 
Association. Mr. C. Fraser-SIackintosh will con- 
tinue his valuable series of papers on the "Last 
MacDonalds of Isla," which will Ue illustriiti'd with 
fine engravings of several of the crosses and niicii'iit 
churches of Islay, and a, facsimile of a MacDimald 
bond. Mr. John Mackay, Hereford, gives a 
graphic account of the career of Angus Dubh, the 
Mackay chief, aiid the eventful battle of Druim-na- 
cupa, in connection with which two beautiful views 
of the Reay country will be given. In addition to 
these, " Fionn" will contribute another paper on 
" Highland Wit and Humour, "Mr. James Ferguson 
a very interesting article on " Highlanders in the 
Archer Guard of France," and several other attrac- 
tive contributions in jirose and verse will appear 
with suitable illustrations . We also hope to be 
able to publish the i-csult of the John Mackay, 
Hereford, Prize of flO.otlered by the Gaelic Society 
of London, with the successful song set to music. 

HENHV WHYTE TESTIMONIAL. 

AVe beg to acknowledge, with thanks, receipt of the 
following additional subscriiitions : — Mr. Alex. 
Mackay, G3 Rentield Street, (Jlasgow, .£1 ; Miss 
Stobo, Green Knowe, Bridge of Allan, os ; .John 
Mackintosh, secretary, Connnm Gaidhealach, 6s ; 
Messrs. Macpherson, Ivy Cottage, Easdale, 03. 
Total, £'2(; 4s. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



155 



TONGUE AND ITS HISTORIC 
SURROUN DINGS. 

By John Mackay, C.E., J.P., Hereford. 



Part IV. — Assassination of Iye Mackav- 
Battle of Tutem-tarrach. 
{Continued from page 13.3). 
^^tojp AGNUS, 
^U^p the Mac- 

■My^^ kay cliief 
who led his clan 
contingent in 
Randolph's divi- 
sion at Bannock- 
burn, died in 

1315, the year 
after that event, 
whether or not 
from the effect of 
wounds received 
in the battle 
history does not 
record. He was 
succeeded by his 
son Morgan, who 
ruled the clan for 
fifteen years. 
Such names as 
Alexander, Wal- 
ter, Martin, Mag- 
nus, Morgan, 
were at the time 
foreign to the 
North High- 
lands, but were 
common enough 
in the south of 
Scotland; in 
Strathclyde and 
Galloway the 
probability 
seems to be that 
these names were 
imported from 
that district of 
Scotland from 
which these chiefs 
came, and these 
names seem to 
corroborate the 
supposition. The 




is a river Clwyd in Denbighshire North 
Wales. 

Morgan is not a Saxon, nor a Pictish, nor a 
Scottish name, but it is, even now, very com- 
mon in Wales, where the descendants of the 
ancient Britons now exist. It is very probable 
that the Britons, who kept possession of the 
south-west of Scotland for several centuries, and 
i n ter m arried 
with the natives, 
would leave a 
name common to 
them behind. 
They were not 
expelled by the 
Scottish mon- 
archs who sub- 
jected them to 
their rule, turbu- 
lent as they were 
they remained. 
Magnus, Morgan, 
Martin, were 
names common 
in Galloway, 
amongst gentle 
and simple, and 
imported thence 
by the Mackay 
chief, as we af ter- 
wards find 
Donald and lye 
imported from 
Kintyre. It has 
been stated that 
the Mackays 
were called the 
Clan Mhorgau 
from this chief. 
That is simply a 
misconception. 
It was only his di- 
rect descendants 
who were called 
C 1 a i n n 51 h i c 
Mhorgan. The 
name Morgan 
became extinct 
amongst the Mac- 
kays in about a 
century. In the 
same way the 



MACKAY. 

e fi^re weai's a flat bonnet, un w Inch the clan badge is displayed, and an 
eagle's feather. The doublet, or jacket, is of strong cloth formerly 
much worn, to which a dull red colour was imparted by a native dye. 
The tartan is that reco^^nised as peculiar to the Clan Aodh, the brojrs 
are molach or of hide, from which the hair is not removed ; the sword 
and targe are of the forms in common use amonu' the Highlanders " — 
James Logan, in R. R. Jl'Ian's " Clans of the Scottish Highlands." 



Gallowegians were a mixed race of Picts and families of Farquhar, Paul, Angus, Neil, Thomas 
Britons from Cumberland and Westmoreland, — sons of Mackay chiefs — were nicknamed Mhic 
who penetrated as far north as the Clyde, and Ercher, Mine Pol, Mhic Angus, Mhic Neil, 



took possession of Dumbarton, as the significa- 
tion of that word implies — Dun-nam-Breatuin- 
aich, the fort of the Britons— the more ancient 
name of which was Al cluyd, or Al-cluith (ail- 
cluith), the rock of, or at, the Clyde. There 



Mhic Thomas, eventually Anglicised into Far- 
quharson, Poison, Macangus, Nelson, Thomson. 
Morgan was succeeded by his son Donald, 
who, in his father's lifetime, sought for himself 
a wife amongst his kindred in the south. It is 



156 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



possible he may Imve been with his futht-r and 
grandfather at Bannockbui n, and there became 
intimate with liis Gallowegian, Kintyre, and 
Isla relatives, and on his return visited those in 
Kintyre, where he met Miss MacNeil, a daugliter 
of lye MacNeil, chief of Gigha, whom lie mar- 
ried and touk with him to Tongue to share with 
him the amenities of the north. 

This chief seems to have lived a quiet and 
peaceable life, and died in 1.34(», leaving a son 
and successor, named lye (Aodh, Hugh), afier 
his grandfather of Gigha. Tiiis is another in- 
stance of the relationship that theti and previ- 
ously existed between the Mackay chiefs of the 
north and those of the south. 

lye Mackay had during his rule serious differ- 
ences with William, Earl of Sutherland. The 
earl did not feel himself sufficiently powerful to 
take the law into his own liands, and was the 
more disinclined to do so as the Sutherland men 
xvere the ag- 
g r e s s o r s, 
though they 
dearly paid for 
it by the re- 
taliations the}' 
provoked. The 
earl, unwilling 
to admit that 
his men were 
the aggressors, 
proposed to the 
Mackay chief 
to submit their 
diflTerences to 
the Lord of the 
Islesiind others 
for arl)itration 
at Dingwall, 
lye Mackay 
consented. The 
parties met at 

Dingwall and submitted their relative cases to 
the arbitrators. It would appear that> the 
Mackay chief seemed likely to get the best of 
it. The earl sought for an interview with lyo 
and his son Donald, who accompanied him. and 
in the heat of discussing the question in hand 
the earl drew his dirk and killed father and son, 
and at once rode ofi to Dunrobin, pursued by 
the Mackay retainers who accompanied their 
chief, but the earl with diliiculty got safely to 
Dunrobin. Sir Robert Gordon, as usual, in 
recording incidents dishonourable to the Earls 
of Sutherland, does not tell the truth, for in 
this instance he states that the earl's name was 
Nicolas, whereas it ought to be William, and 
gives the date 139.5, when it ought to be l.'iSd^ 
the year of the arI)itration and ass;issination. 
This was the commencement of the feuds and 




conflicts which lasted for upwards of two 
centuries between the Mackays and the Earls 
of Sutherland. 

Donald, the only son of lye Mackay killed at 
Dingwall, left three sons — Angus, who suc- 
ceeded his grandfather as chief, and Hugh and 
Neil. This Donald is stated to have been the 
founder of the name Mackay in the north, from 
being the son of lye — Mack-lye, Mack-aoi. 
This is a mistake, for the name Mackay was 
known in Galloway and the south of Scotland 
as early as the reign of David I. Besides this, 
the name MacKie, MacKai appears in charters 
|)revious to 1340, notably in charters granted by 
Bruce, who died on the 7th June, 1329. 

Angus, the eldest son of Donald, and grand- 
son of lye, succeeded. He married a daughter 
of MacLeod of Lewis, had two sons — Angus 
Du, or the swarthy, and Ruari-gallda, or Roder- 
ick, the foreigner, from his having been reared 
out of his 
father's family 
amongst his 
mother's rela- 
tives in Lewis. 
He died at 
an early age, 
leaving his 
family and 
estates in the 
care or tutor- 
s h i p o f h i s 
brother Hugh, 
who proved 
himself to bo 
worthy of the 
trust reposed 
in him. 

During his 
tutorship, the 
mother of the 
young chief, 
Angus Du, desired to have some share in the 
management of the estates, and )irobably a 
larger allowance than her husband set apart for 
her. Hugh declined to agree to these demands. 
She then complained to her brother, !\lacLeod 
of Lewis, who came to Tongue with a large 
company of men, with the resolution of comj)el- 
ling Hugh, either by entreaty or force, to com- 
ply with his sister's demands. Vindiug Hugh 
inrte.xible, and that he would not be cajoled by 
fair words, nor o^•erawed by force, he departed 
in high dudgeon, and on his way back drove off a 
great number of cattle from the Mackays' lands. 
I his being reported to Hugh, he and his 
brother Neil at onc(! collected their men and 
pursued the Lewis men. Having overtaken 
them ntTutem-tarrach, in Strath Oykel, Hugh 
immediately attacked the Lewis men, and, says 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



157 



Sir Robert Gordon, "a terrible battle was 
fouglit," in which the islanders were annihilated, 
one only finding his way back to Lewis to relate 
the wuful tale. Hugh Du died two years after 
this event, and his brother Neil died shortly 
before or after him, leaving three sons — Thomas, 



Neil, and Morgan — who, as we shall see in the 
next chapter, played an important part in the 
story of the great Mackay chief, which led to 
the terrible conflict of Druiui-na-cupa, the 
" Bannockburn " of the Mackay territory. 




Many of our readers will be glad to learn that 
the handsome prize oflered by The Scotfish Conyre- 
(jativiuilist, for the best essay on " Benefits of 
Attendance on Piililic Wurship," has been awarded 
to Mr. John S. Mackay, Thurso, the local secretary 
of the Clan Mackay Society. 

We have to express our thanks to Mr. Donald 
Mackay, Town and County Bank, Thurso, for 
kindly giving us the use of his interestmg collection 
of negatives of views of the Reay country. We re- 
produce two of them this month in connection with 
Mr. Mackay, Hereford's, article. We shall be 
greatly obliged to any of our readers who can assist 
us with photos, of places of interest on the north 
coast from Keay to Bettyhill ; and also of Mingarry, 
Ardlamont, and Toward Castles, Argyllshire. 

The Highland Dress. — We have just been 
favoured with a copy of Messrs. Rowan & Co.'s 
new illustrated price-list, which contains a great 
deal of information which should prove valuable to 
parents anjdous to know where to get good value 
in boys' suits. Messrs. Rowan make a specialty of 
the Highland costume, and supply all the dress 
accoutrements. Their catalogue contains a list of 
nearly 180 clan tartans which they are in a position 
to supply. Owing to the rapid increase in this de- 
partment of their business they have been forced 
to add a handsome saloon to their extensive 
premises. There is no dress which becomes a boy 
better than the Highland costume when correctly 
made and of good material, and at Messrs. Rowan's 
establishment customers may depend upon being 
well satisfied in this respect. 



Gaelic " ceann-mor" means big head, or a man 
with large capacity. Mhic Mhorgan means the 
son of Morgan, who was a chief of the Mackays in 
the 14th century, and only applied to his descend- 
ants, who for less than a century preserved the 
distinction, and soon became extinct. — Macaoidh. 



Clan Morgan, or Mackay. — Morgan means 
" mawr-gkn," large capacity — the same as the 



Mr. Thomas Sinclair, M.A , Falmouth, has a 
new work in the press — "Caithness Events" 
— which will be published shortly by the Northern 
EiLsign Office, Wick. 

" Raining's School Magazine " continues to do 
credit to its editors and contributors. The recent 
issues have been specially good, and we wish the 
magazine every success. We are glad to notice 
that the shinty club is so prosperous. 

Music. — We are indebted to Miss Katherine 
Mackay, Fort-William, Belfast, for a coj^y of Mr. 
J. G. CaUcott's "March of Brian Boru." The 
composer has done excellent justice to his subject, 
the music being tuneful and masterly. It is pub- 
lished by Mr. John Blockley, 3 Argyll Street, 
London, W. 

"The Gaelic Journal" (Dublin). — The 
February and March numbers are to hand. 
Not the least interesting feature of the jiresent 
issues is the commencement of a series of easy 
lessons in Irish, conducted by the learned and 
active editor, Professor O'Growney. We also 
note with pleasure that it is contemplated to 
issue the Jom-iud monthly instead of quarterly. 
We hope the conductors will be encouraged to 
make this change, and thus give a fresh impetus 
to the national language and literature, 



168 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



HIGHLAND WIT AND HUMOUR. 



By " FioNX." 




jjJJNii T a fishinoiiger'a window, in Glasgow, a 



^hland drover, accompanied by his 
"J^^ faithful collie, was admiring the large 
silver salmon, the splendid lobsters, and huge 
crabs displayed on the window sill, which pro- 
jected slightly into the street. By some un- 
chancy accident the collie wagged his tail into 
the claws of a crab, which instantly closed on 
it. The dog gave a dreadful howl and bolted 
along the street, the crab holding on with com- 
mendable tenacity. On seeing his crab disa))- 
fjear, the tishmonger rushed to the door, and 
oliserving the owner of the dog shouted, 

"Donald, Donald! cry back ye'r dog." "D n 

you," exclaimed Donald, at his leisure, "cry 
you back ye'r pen tan." 

A Highland parish minister, who was ever 
anxious to magnify his office, took some dislike 
to a ])oor hcrdlioy who was employed by a 
neighbouring farmer. This boy was the son of 
a poor widow woman, and received some help 
from the par(K'hial authorities — usually a suit of 
mole.skin clothes once a year. One day the 
minister driving with his " man " in the gig 
espied the herdboy near the roadside, wearing 
a new suit winch his reverence knew had been 
supplied by the parish. Anxious to tease and 
humble the boy, ho stopjjed the machine and 
said — " Well, my boy, who gave you that 



splendid suit of clothes?" "0, just those that 
gave you yours — the parish," was the boy's 
cutting reply. The minister felt he had been 
caught, and drove off in a hurry. After a little 
reflection, he felt to be so humbled in presence of 
his "man," and addressing him, said — " Go back 
and ask the boy if he will come and be my fool." 
The mijiister's " man " went back in glee to the 
boy and said, " ]\Iy master sent me back to ask 
if you would come and be his fool ? " " Are j'ou 
going to leave him?" asked the bo}'. "No," 
replied tiie minister's "man" iu astonishment. 
" Well," said the boy, "go back to your master 
and tell him that I think his stipend is small 
enough to support two fools, without engaging a 
third." The minister avoids that boj' now. 

An English doctor came to reside in a High- 
land parish. Being fond of flowers, he sowed a 
large variety of them, and, true to nature, the 
weeds also grew up alongside of them. Enquir- 
ing if there was any handy man in the village 
whom he could emploj^ to weed his flower-beds, 
he was directed to a man somewhat weak in the 
intellect, but who was accustomctl to garden 
work. They went to the garden together, and 
the doctor showed him his flower-plots, adding 
— " Hut, Donald, I am afraid to trust you with 
the work — are you sure you know the flouvrs?" 
" No, sir," replied Donald, " but I know the 
wet'ds." " Very good, very good, Donald," was 
the doctor's reply, " that is all I want." 

A certain man of mean and stingy manners sent 
his man-servant, with whom he had often quar- 
relled for not carrying out his orders t(j the veiy 
letter, to weed a bed of onions, with the instruc- 
tion — " A'a fa/f III air iiachdar talaimh " (Leave 
naught above the ground). Coming back in a 
short time he found that his servant had carrieil 
out his behests to the letter, with the result that 
onions and all had disappeared. " Rinn tliii sn 
mar a dh' iarr mi ort" (You did this as I told 
you). " Bha mi 'feuchainn lis" (I was trying to 
do so), was Dugald's reply. " Nach tu seirblieis- 
eac/i an Diabliail" (Aren't you the Devil's own 
servant) ? " Tha mi creidsinn gar mi, acli tha mi 
dol g'a fhagail aig an Flieill-Martainn" (I dare- 
say I am, but I am going to leave him at Mar- 
tinmas). He had given his master his warning. 



Shinty — Cowal c. Kingussie. — This great shinty 
match, which was played at Cathkiii Park on the 
Spring Holiday ended in ii win for Cowal by 2 
goals to 1 . 



A VERY large circle of our readers will learn with 
very deep regret of the death through pneinnonia 
of Miss Macphersoii, eldest daughter of the vener- 
able Major-General Macpherson, of Fortwilliani 
Park, Belfast. Miss Abicphorson's labours in the 
cause of philanthrojiy arc known and appreciated 
all over the north of Ireland, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



159 



DONALD MACDONALD, New York, U.S.A. 

SSeckktarv, New Youk Celtic Society. 



|p|P||HE subject of this short sketch imbibed 
W^ an intense patriotism with hi.s mother's 
^r^ milk. It needed neither fortuitous influ- 
ences, nor that distance which lends enchant- 
ment, to develop the deep love for kith and 
native country, which are leading elements in 
his character. 

Born in the island of^Tiree in 1858, he is in 
the full prime and 
vigour of man- 
hood, with a 
promise of oppor- 
tunities before 
him to add much 
to that which he 
has so well ac- 
complished al- 
ready in the 
Gaelic world. At 
the age of fifteen 
he left the pater- 
nal roof for the 
city of Glasgow, 
where he served 
his term of ap- 
prenticeship in 
the carpenter 
trade, coming out 
as a highly skilled 
and versed arti- 
zan. His next 
venture forth was 
to England, the 
busy centres of 
INIanchester and 
Newcastle being 
among the places 
where he wooed 
and won fortune's 
sunny smiles. A 
position of re- 
sponsibility 
opened for him 
at Neilston, Ren- 
frewshire, and while here he became connected 
with the ,3rd Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteers, re- 
maining with that corps for about four years. 
Again he took up residence in Glasgow and met 
with unqualifying success. He was a member 
of St. Columba Chui-ch and of its famous Gaelic 
choir, and during the remainder of his stay in 
Scotland took a deep interest in matters affect- 
ing or pertaining to his native Highlands, whether 
social, political, or religious. 

It is now about seven years suice Mr. Mac- 
donald crossed the Atlantic. At that time there 




-tL"?-^-^ 



[Z 



was an awakening among the Toronto High- 
landers, and he stepiied at once into the ranks of 
the most active workers. It was not long before 
his usefulness was seen in the success which 
attended the society, of which body he was ap- 
pointed recording secretary. He was the soul 
of the society ; no more popular member or 
officer was counectetl with it. He was espe- 
cially successful in planning and carrying out 
arrangements for entertainments, to which he 
personally contributed n(jt a little. He com- 
bined a keen {ear vvith^ a^ sweet, well-trained 
voice, and was a 
favourite singer 
of Gaelic songs. 

; He did much to 

I infuse a love for, 

and knowledge 
of, Gaelic song 
among his coun- 
trymen in To- 
ronto. 

While M r. 
M a c d o n a 1 d ' s 
memory will long 
be green in 
Toronto, it looks 
as if he had found 
the true sphere of 
his labour for the 
Gael in the city 
of New York. 
Bearing with him 
laurels which few 
young men could 
have won so well 
in so short a time, 
and worn so mod- 
estly, it was but 
the matter of a 
few months after 
his arrival in New 
York when the 
New York Celtic 
Society, of which 
he is the founder 
and the father, 
was formed. He 
was appointed its first secretary, and that post 
he still holds. 

Mr. MacDonald loves his tight little native 
island dearly, and his love for his native Gaelic 
is equally great. He always spoke Gaelic 
fluently and correctly, and has acquired an ex- 
tensive knowledge of its' literature. This love is 
contagious, and wherever he goes he has the 
happy faculty of im|)arting to others much of 
his own sentiment and enthusiasm. Buaidli 'us 
piseach leis 'sgacli deaijh obair. 

Toronto. ALEXANDER ERASER. 



IGO 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 



By Malcolm MacFarlane. 



{Continued from page 139). 

45. Ca' the yowes to the knowes. Wliatever 
the origin of this tune, it would be hard to find 
one more Gaelic-lilie. (?) 

46. Contentec] \vi' little. " Lumps of Pudding " 
i.s the old name ot the tune. When sung in the 
Ray mode, as it ought to be, it is of the style of 
which Air failliriiin illirirm is a type. (?) 

47. Address to the Woodlaik. Loch Erroch 
Side. 

48. Last May a braw wooer. The old name 
of this tune is, "The Queen o' the Luthians 
cam cruisin' tae Fife," a ballad song with a 
fal-de-ral lairo chorus. It is impossible to over- 
look the similarity of- this tune to 6" uite 'n 
caidil an I'ib/iiiin an iioc/id, once the attention has 
been drawn to it. 

49. Aye waukin', O. This tune is certainly 
Gaelic-like, and is practically the same as Onm 
Mtdaid, No. 14, "Celtic Lyre." 

50. Come boat me owre to Charlie. "Owre 
the w-ater to Charlie" is called a Gfielic air in 
Maver's collection. 

51. Whistle owre the lave o't. This tune is 
said to have been composed by John Bruce, 
Dumfries (see 43). On the other hand, it is said 
to have been in exi.stence before his day. Who- 
ever composed it made a tune which is Gaelic 
in every note. It is to this tune, played on the 
bagpipe, that Seann Triubkis is usually danced. 

52. There's a youth in this city. 

53. The Battle of Sheriffmuir, Cameronian 
Rant. This is a Highland reel tune. It is called 
Biiail na hodaich a Cnlfliodair in Gunu's book. 

54. Rattlin', roarin' Willie. Am port cram \s 
the name given in Gunn's book. 

55. Eppie Adair. My Eppie. This tune is 
the same to which Am bard lindtugach made his 
song Cha teid mise tiiillead/i a shadltaiiiii >ui, 
cruinneig. See Macbean's " Songs of the (Jael, ' 
No. 10. See also Eraser of Knockie's collection, 
p. 26, where it is called Crod/i laoigh nam bodac/i. 

56. The Iligliland Widnw's Lament. The 
air to this song was picked uji by Hui-ns on the 
occasion of his tri)) to the Highlands. It is 
given with harmony in a recent number of "The 
National Choir." 

57. The tither morn. The editor of " Albyn's 
.Antlioliig'v " says A/o uighean itiibli is the tune to 
vvhicli this song is adapted. But the best known 
air for Mo nigliean diib/i is not that given to 
Burns's song. It bears a slight resemblance to 
it, and is of the same kind of measure. 

58. I ha'e a wife o' my ain. Naebody. 
Cliuidh mi gii banais mn gliaiiil is the name given 
to the air in Gunn's book. 

59. As I was a wandering. liinn m' flieicdail 



mo mhealladh. Tliere seems to have been two 
different tunes of this name. See Maver's col- 
lection, p. 52, for " My darling has deceived 
me," and Knockie's collection for the other 
melody to which Burns made his words. 

GO. The Lass o' Ecclefechan. Jacky (or Jock}') 
Latin. The Gaelic name of this tune in Gunu's 
book is Cidr do chuid airfirefaire. I have myself 
heard words which suit this tune, beginning as 
follows : — 

■' Bidh fir .V bhaile farumach, 
Bidh Hr a' bhaile suDudach, 
Bidh fir a' bhaile farumach, 
Bidh fonn air Banais Dhighaill." 
6L Bannocks o' Barley. The Killogie. In 
Gunn's book there is a tune named Bonnaich 
mliiii eorna, wliich suits not only Burns's song 
but that of Duke John of Argyle. The tunes 
given to both tliese songs by Maver differ from 
Gunn's. One of them is not unlike the pipe set. 

62. saw ye my dearie. Eppie JIacNab. 
Maver's collection, p. 104. 

63. I gae'd a waefu' gate yestreen. The 
Braes of Bushbie. This is called a Gaelic air by 
Maver ; and Gunn's name for it is Port siubliait 
Dhiuc Chat — The Duke of Sutherland's quick- 
step. 

64. 0, bonny was yon rosy brier. The wee 
wee man. This air is named in Gunn's book 
Crodh laoigh nam bodach, and also " Bundle and 
go." Dr. MacLachlan of Raho3''s song, Cha'n 
c>i mi deur tuiUeadit, is adapted to it. It is not 
unlike the Irish " Garry Owen." 

65. Scots wha ha'e. When Burns submitted 
this song to his publisher Thomson, the latter 
thought the air " Tuttie Taitie" to which Burns 
had set it, and to which it is now sung, un- 
wortliy of the words, and he caused it to be 
adapted to " Lewie Gordon." In " Lewie 
Gordon" I recognise A horo mo nighean donn 
(see Sinclair's " Oranaiche," p. 15), which was 
very popular at the Bath Street Gaelic con- 
certs se\'eral years ago. 

60. A Highland lad my love was born. 0, 
an ye were dead, guidman. The White Cockade. 
This latter, as the words evince, is a northern 
tune. The Irish also claim it as ' Clarach's 
Lament," and the Irish Gaelic words do suit the 
air. Further, there is un Irish lullaby, com- 
posed by Owen Roe O'Sullivan, a poet of last 
century, Englished thus, " Sho-ho, baby, weep 
no more," the air of which was taken down from 
tho singing of David Condon, Bally Organ, 
County Limerick, by R. W. Joyce, collector and 
editor of "Ancient Irish Music." Although it 
is not remarked by the editor that the air given by 
him is "The White Cobkade," there can l)e no 
mistake about its being it. I would not call it 
a good set of the melody. The air, " White 
Cockade," is familiar iu the Highlands as Port 
nam pbg. 




The late COLONLL CHARLES STEWART, J.P, 
(Tujk\c Diua). 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



161 



COLONEL CHARLES STEWART, 
TIGH 'N DUIN. 



The name of Colonel Charles Stewart, Tigh'n 
Duin, is a household word in the Highlands, 
especially in the district of Killin, where the 
greater part of his life was spent He was 
a direct descendant of the famous Donald 
Stewart of Invernahyle, who fought with dis- 
tinction at the battle of Pinkie, in 1547, and 
whose sword and dagger, of Andrea Feraria 
fame, he was proud of having in liis possession, 
as well as many other interesting relics of the 
Appin Stewarts. 

Colonel Stewart was born at Glenlyon House, 
Fortingall, and was the youngest son of Donald 
Stewart of Glencripesdale, who was a large 
landed proprietor, and was a celebrated breeder 
of blackfaced sheep and Highland cattle. He 
was educated at the University of Edinburgh, 
and was originally intended for the legal pro- 
fession, but his health and other circumstances 
caused him to abandon tlie idea and live in the 
country. Being a man of great intellectual 
ability, of wide knowledge of the Highlands, 
and of large-hearted sympathies, his influence 
became widely felt all over Perthshire, where 
he was universally esteemed and beloved. He 
threw himself heart and soul into everthing 
pertaining to the welfare of the Highlands and 
Highlanders. He was a J. P. for the county of 
Perth, a director of the Killin Railway, and at 
all the agricultural and social gatherings he 
always occupied a foremost place. By his 
lamented deatli the extensive district of Bread- 
albane has lost a valuable friend and counsellor. 

Col. Stewart was warmly attached to tlie 
Breadalbane family, and was a welcome fiiend 
and visitor at Taymouth. By the nobility and 
agriculturists alike his advice was held in high 
esteem. 

He was thoi'oughly conversant with the Gaelic 
language, its folk-lore and music, its archieology 
and monuments, and the dearest object of his 
life was to help to conserve the grand old Celtic 
race, its history and literature. As a keen anti- 
ijuarian Colonel Stewart stands in the foremost 
rank of investigators, and contributed many im- 
portant papers to the "Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries," of which he was a 
Fellow. 

As chief of the Perth Gaelic Society many 
will remember his stirring and eloquent ad- 
dresses at the meetings at Perth, where he and 
his celelirated " Killin Gaelic Choir," of which 
he was the voluntary conductor, were deservedly 
popular. He was an accomplished musician. 
Highland Uiu.sic lieing one of his hobbies, ami 



often spoke of tiie " mesmeric eflect " of Gaelic 
music, which, he said, when played with the 
real " dirl," stirred liis patriotism when nothing 
else could. His " Killin Collection of Gaelic 
Songs" is well known, and the interest and 
value of the book is enhanced by the historical 
and critical notes he affixed to each song. Col. 
Stewart was a warm supporter of the Church of 
Scotland, and his " History of the Celtic 
Church " shed a new light on its early ecclesias- 
tical history, and was acknowledged to be a 
monument of patient research. 

Owing to enforced absence in the South, on 
account of his health, liis stately form has been 
missed for some time from its accustomed place 
— nevertheless, love of country, the distinguish- 
ing mark of the true Gael, remained undimmed 
to the last. Up to the day of his deatli he was 
busily engaged with Celtic literary work. He 
was an earnest student and translator of the 
Ossianic poems, and has left many valuable 
manuscripts, which will be published in course 
of time. He was also the author of a cele- 
brated work, "The Gaelic Kingdom in Scot- 
land." Most of his published Celtic literary 
work during the past year was written specially 
for the Celtic Monthly, in the success of which 
he took the keenest interest. The paper on 
" Co valla," which we hope to conclude next 
month, was perhaps the last contribution he 
made to Celtic literature. 

One of his favourite subjects was the religion 
of the ancient Gaels, and their belief in the 
immortality of the spirit, and this same belief 
was the mainspring of his own spiritual being. 
During his short illness of an hour and a half's 
duration he was calm and conscious, and able 
to tell of the happiness and repose he felt in 
resting entirely upon his Saviour. 

He passed peacefully away, in the full assur- 
ance that death is no break, but only a transi- 
tion from the growing life of faith and love here 
to the full fruition yonder. Colonel Stewart 
was laid to rest in Killin Churchyard on the 
11th of April by a large gathering of sorrowing 
friends, and the funeral, which was a representa- 
tive one, was the largest that has taken place in 
that district for many years. He leaves a widow 
and two children. 

We have great pleasure in presenting our 
readers with an excellent plate-portrait of this 
distinguished Highlander, from a photograph 
taken four years ago. It is very appropriate 
that a likeness of his little daughter — Miss 
Minnie Grace Annan Stewart, commonly known 
as "Gracie" — should appear beside him, as a 
strong and unusuallv deep attachment existed 
between fatlirr and .-liild. 



162 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



REVIEWS. 

" Uequhart and Glenmoriston : Oldek 
Times in a Highland Pauish." By William 
Mackay. Inverness : Xoit/ierii Chronicle Office. 
— We have been looking forward with great 
interest to the appearance of this work, and now 
tliat it is before ws we fear we cannot say suffi- 
cient in its praise. It is a large and handsomely 
bound volume of 6u0 pages, embelli.shed with a 
number of tine engravings of places and objects 
of historic interest, and it contains within its 
covers the result of the many years which Mr. 
William Mackay devoted to the collecting and 
preparing of material for this exhaustive liistory 
of his native parish. Urquliart and Glenmoris- 
ton, so full of rich, historic associations, has been 
singularly fortunate in its historian, for no one 
was better fitted to undertake this jtleasant, 
though arduous, duty than the patriotic High- 
lander who has presented us with this valuable 
volume. Mr. Mackay's literary work has always 
the stamp of " thorough " upon it. He tells tlie 
story of the parish from the beginning, its 
earliest history being of the usual legendary 
character. Then the Picts and Norse appear 
upon the scene, and Conachar, the ancestor of 
the Forbeses, Mackays, and Urquharts, settles 
in Urquhart. The period up to 1362 is devoted 
to an account of the conflicts between the English 
and the native inhabitants, in the struggle for 
national independence, after which the clan 
period begins, with its feuds and forays. The 
story of the Solemn League and Covenant is one 
of perpetual commotion, followed by the wars 
of Montrose and the revolution period. In these 
Mr. Mackay's own ancestors come pretty fre- 
quently upon the scene, losing their lands and 
regaining them, and through all these centuries 
it is pleasant to learn that Mr. Mackay's ances- 
tors have been identitied with the old place 
— Achmonie. Perhai)S the most interesting 
pages in the book are tliose devoted to an 
account of the "Seven Men of Glenmoriston" 
wiio so nobly accompanied Prince Charlie in his 
wanderings ; and disdained to accept the brilie 
of jL.'JO.OOU oflered for his head. A portrait is 
given of Patrick (irant, one of the "seven," 
The '45 uprising brought misery and desolation 
to these glens, and since that period "change 
has followed change in lapid succession ; and 
now, almost literally, old things are passed away, 
and all things are become new." Three interesting 
chapters are dt-voted to the church history of 
the i)arish, which are followed by an account of 
Kdiication and Culture, Kolk-Lore,and Industrial 
and Social Life in the historic glens. Tliere are 
also appendices which are certainly not the least 
interesling feature of this attractive work, that 
dealing with the bards of the parish being 
specially valuable. We need aay nothing further 



in the meantime regarding Mr. Mackay's 
" Urquhart and Glenmoriston " except that is 
perhaj)S the most exhaustive and readable history 
of a Highland district that has ever been 
published, and it is a work which ought to have 
a place in every Highlander's library. In its 
publication the author has <lone a service to his 
native jiarish the value of which cannot be over 
estimated, and the volume will remain a 
niuniiment to his patriotism and literary ability. 
We trust that this beautiful book will have a 
large sale, and we heartily recommend it to our 
readers. 

"A Brief Account of the Clan Donnach- 

AiDH," by David Robertson, F.S.A., Scot., has 

just come to hand, and will be duly noticed in 

our next issue. 

PRESENTATION TO HENRY WHYTE 

(" Fi on n"). 



Our readers will be glad to learn that the 
testimonial to our valued contributor, " Fionn," 
was presented on Wednesday, 18th April, in 
the Royal Kestaurant, West Nile Street, Glas- 
gow. There were between tifty and sixty 
gentlemen j)resent — several of them from a 
distance, and Mr. Hugh MacLeod read letters of 
apology for absence from numy prominent Celts. 
The meeting, which was thoroughly re[)resenta- 
tive' Vas presided over by Mr. Wm. Graham 
of Erines, who, in a few aposite remarks, re- 
ferred to the object of the meeting, and con- 
cluded by calling on Mr. JIagnus MacLean, 
M.A., to make the presentation. Mr. Mac- 
Lean, as convenor of the committee, stated that 
the result of the movement was that in three 
months they had collected a sum of £160 from 
representatives of every class, creed, and clan, 
which showed how much " Fionn " was respected 
by all. Mr. MacLean went on to enlarge upon 
Mr. Whyte's estimable qualities of head and 
heart, and his valuable labours, ungrudgingly 
given, for the advancement of the Celtic people, 
their language, and literature, and concluded 
by presenting him with a pur.se of sovereigns 
and a gold watch, which bore the following in- 
scription : — " Presenteil, along with a purse of 
sovereigns, to Mr. Henry Whyte {"Fionn'') by 
numerous friends, in recognition of his valuable 
services to Celtic literature. Glasgow, April, 
1891." All In 'c/i'i 'f iKwh fliaic. 

Mr. Whyto, who was loudly cheered, thanked 
Mr. MacLean for the kind manner in which he 
had spoken regarding him. There was nothing 
enhanced the testimonial more than the fact that 
it was the spontaneous gift of pe(i])le represent- 
ing every sect and party. OthiT short aildresscs, 
intersper.sed with songs, followed, and during the 
course of the evening Mr. Neil Ross recited the 
poem, " Son of the Gael " (see p. 153). 



tHE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



163 



LETTER TO THE EDITOR. 

THE REAY FENCIBLES. 
To the Ediior of the " Celtic Monthly. " 
Wiesbaden, 3d April, 1894. 

SiK, — Mr. Rose's reply to my remarks in the 
March number of the inagazine may be summed up 
in one short sentence : he seems to bear a grudge 
against the CLm Mackay. I do not like contro- 
versy, but as he has made a disingenuous assertion 
to the effect that the regiment known as the Reay 
Fencibles never appeared in an army-list, I beg 
permission to make a few further remarks, in order 
that those who are not acquainted with the facts 
may have a correct understanding of the matter. 
Here are Mr. Rose's words : " Neither in army-list 
nor nmster-roll can be found a regiment designed 
' The Reay Fencibles, "/• Mackay licyimoU.' " I 
fancy, in making this statement, he was hitting at 
my having drawn attention to the fact that there 
were 209 Mackays * in the ranks of the regiment 
when the first muster-roll was drawn up [there 
were also, at the same time, 11 Mackay officers], 
and to my having added, " So its designation was 
perfectly appropriate. The Reay Fencibles, or 
Mackay Regiment of Highlanders." It is true, 
Mackaij Reiiiment does not appear in the official, 
that is, the War-Office list, but the Reay Fencible 
Regiment does; and if that regiment was not the 
Mackay regiment, what was it ? Perhaps Mr. Rose 
can tell. 

On the 4th November, 1894, the cousin and heir- 
presumptive of the then Lord Reay addressed a 
letter to the tacksmen in the Reay country, re- 
questing their assistance in the raising of a new 
regiment for the Government. In that letter he 
asked (I quote his own words) " that the names of 
the men who engage in the Mackay Fencibles," 
should be transmitted to him. This was probably 
the designation which had been suggested for the 
new regiment, though the warrant which Colonel 
Baillie received merely authorised him to raise " a 
regiment of fencible men " — no title being given. 
As soon as it was embodied, however, it was in- 
scribed in the War-Office list as The Reay- Fen- 
cible Regiment. It was placed on the establish- 
ment 10th June, 1795, and shortly afterwards pro- 
ceeded to Ireland, where it served with distinction, 
and was known as "Lord Reay's Highlanders." 
Why was it so called ? Because it was raised in 
Lord Reay's, or "the Mackay counti-y. " 

Mr. Rose says that it is an " unwarrantable as- 
sumption " to write about the achievements of the 
Mackays at Tarahill or elsewhere ; " but I stated 
distinctly that we did not restrict the praise to the 
Mackays only, but accorded it equally "to the 
officers and men who composed the regiment." Is 
it not, therefore, a perve.rsion of facts on his part 
to assert tliat the regiment acquired "laurels" 
which were "unfairly placed to the credit of the 
Clan Mackay alone?" The merest tyro in the 
study of history could scarcely be guilty of such a 

* There were seven Murrays and one Rose in the regiment. I 
wonder if they constituted the "unwilling recruits" who were 
tempted to enlist at Tain by the "bait" of "a bounty of two 
guineas," dangled before their eyes by " the prtriotic . . . civic 
authorities of the ancient burgh ! " (See D. Murray Rose on the 
Reay FenciMcn, in this magazine, Vol. 1. 175). 



blunder. In bringing this part of my remarks to 
a close 1 will quote a few words by James Logan, 
author of "The Scottish Gael." Logan furnished 
the letterpress to M'lan's " Clans of the Scottish 
Highlands," and in the latter work says — "In 
1795 the Reay Fencible Regiment, or Mackay 
Hvihlaiuki-fi were embodied." . . . The " signal 
defeat of the rebels at the Hill of Tara" was "ac- 
complished by the Mackays in gallant style." As 
a historian, Logan was here stating a fact. Was it 
an " unwai-rantable assumption " on his part to do 
so ? I trow not. So much for Mr. Rose and his 
' ' unwarrantable " allegations. 

Another thing. Mr. Rose would fain make us 
believe that the statements in General Stewart's 
" Sketches" are fictions, and the figures which are 
given as facts by Robert Mackay in his clan history 
are fables. This is trying the credulity of the 
readers of the Celtic Monthlij a little too far. If 
what is recorded by these two authors about the 
number of Mackays in the Sutherland Fencibles is 
wrong, it is rather remarkable that no one before 
this has drawn attention to the error. As I have 
not seen the muster-roll of the regiment, I, of 
course, cannot vouch for the correctness of the 
figures ; but I will hold that General Stewart's 
statements, as well as those given in the " History 
of the Clan Mackay," are neither "fictions" nor 
" fables," but facts, until Mr. Rose has furnished 
proof that his own assertions are correct. Pray, 
pardon the length of tliis communication. — 
Yours, &c. John Mackay. 



A KISS OF THE KING'S HAND.* 



It wasna from a golden throne, 
Or a bower with milk-white roses blown. 
But mid the kelp on northern sand 
That I got a kiss of the king's hand. 

I durstna raise my een tae see 
If he even cared to glance at me ; 
His princely brow with care was crossed 
For his true men slain and kingdom lost. 

Think not his hand was soft and white, 
Or his fingers a' with jewels dight. 
Or round his wrist were jewels grand 
When I got a kiss of the king's hand. 

But dearer far tae my twa een 

Was the ragged sleeve of red and green 

O'er that young weary hand that fain. 

With the guid broadsword, had found its ain. 

Farewell for ever, the distance gray 
And the lapping ocean seemed to say — 
For him a home in a foreign land, 
And for me one kiss of the king's hand. 

Sarah Robertson Matheson. 

' There is an old pipe-tune " I got a kiss of the king's hand." 



Clan MacMillan, — Our readers will regret to 
learn of tlie death of Mr. C. S. MacMillan, National 
Bank, Govan, who has acted as treasurer for the 
Clan MacMillan Society since its inauguration. 



164 



The OELTtC MONTHLY. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 




Clan MacKinnon Society. — A largely attended 
meeting of this Clan was held 
in the Waterloo Rooms, CSlas- 
gow, on 2yth lilt. ^Ir. William 
MacKinnon, hon. vice-presi- 
dent, presided. The president, 
Mr. Duncan MacKinnon, read 
a long paper on the origin and 
early liistory of the clan, trac- 
ing them back to the 9th century, showing their 
close connection with the MacGregors, MacNabs, 
and other branches of the Alpine race of kings of 
Scotland. He also described their migrations to 
Mull and Skye, and referred to various conflicts in 
which the clan tocjk part, their septs and branches, 
the disasters of 1745, and the later history of the 
clan. 

Glasgow Skye Association.— The foUownig 
gentlemen were elected office-bearers for the en- 
suing session :— Chief , Capt. Macleod, Dunvegan ; 
Hon!' President, Mr. Macdonald of Skaebo.st ; 
President, Mr. R. Mackiniion ; Vice-President, 
Col. Williamson; Secretary, Mr. Hugh Macleod 
(writer) ; Treasurer, Mr. Duncan Finlayson ; 
Directors— Messrs. Macdonald, K. Macdonald, M. 
Nicolson, D. Maclean, A. Robertson, K. D. Mac- 
kenzie, J. Macintyre, M. Nicolson, L. Mackinnon, 
and A. W. Macleod. Temporary assistance was 
voted to two deserving cases. The secretary's 
statement showed a very satisfactory condition of 
the society, notwithstanding the frequent calls on 
its funds during the last year. 

Cl.\.n- DoNNAcHAinn Society.— Thesecond annual 
general meeting of this society was held in the 
Merch-ants' Hall, George S<iuare, on Wednesday, 
4th ult —Col. J. Leslie Robertson, C.B., of Butter- 
glen, in the chair. The Chairman having intimated 
an apology for the al)sence of the Lord Justice 
General, who, he said, was with them in spirit, 
alluded to the conspicuous position taken by 
Robertsons throughout the world. He had never 
met, after travelling the greater part of the worhl, 
a Robertson who asked him for pecuniary aid, 
except in New York, but on further incpiiry he 
found this one to be an Englishman. (Laughter ) 
Mrs. Sarah Robertson Matheson, Dunfermline, 
general secretary, stated that the membership 
since the inauguration of the society in 18'J1 u]! to 
date was 43."), and the funds in hand were £10(i lis Hd. 
During the evening the Right Hon. W. E. (Jlad- 
stone was proposed and unanimously accepted as 
an honorary member of the society ; whilst Mr. J. 
Logic Robertson (Hugh Halliburton) was appointed 
bard to the clan. A capital concert followed. 

Pbrth Gaelic Society.— The animal nieating 
of tliis Society was held in the Guild Hall. Ex- 
Hailie MacGregor, the Chief of the Society, presided. 
Mr. J. MacKenzic, the Secretary, submitted the 
annual report, fnmi wliich it ai>peared that the pa.st 
year had been the most successful that the Society 
liad ever seen. The mcinbership had been well 
maintained, and during the year '2.') now members 
had joined. There were 15 life members, 40 honor- 
ary members, and 228 ordinary members. OlKce- 
bearers for the ensuing year wore elected, ex-13ailio 
MacGregor being re-appointod Chief. 




Clan Mackay Society. — A concert of this"society 
was held in the Sauchiehall 
Rooms on Tuesday, 10th ult., 
Mr. Alex. Mackay, Charing 
Cross, presided, and there was 
a crowded attendance. Among 
members of the clan present 
were Messrs. Charles Mackay, 
John Mackay, Ccltir Monthly; 
Lieut. William l^Lickay, and 
others. Pipe - Major John 
Mackay, A. and S. H., Paisley, and Mr. W. Hen- 
derson, Govan, played stirrnig selections while the 
company was gathering. The chairman, after a 
few remarks on the objects of the society, sug- 
gested the confederation of the Highland Societies 
in Glasgow for the purpose of organising a High- 
land Club. .\ capital concert programme was 
sustained by Jliss Flora Donaldson, "Scottish 
Troubadours," Miss Williamson, Miss Sinclair 
(pianist), Messrs. G. Morrison, John Sinclair, and 
others. Messrs. E. E. Henderson and \V. Hender- 
son gave the Highland dances with great spirit. 
A dance, which was largely attended, followed. 
-AiRDRiE Highland A.ssociation. — On Thursday 
evening, Gtli ult., in the Associa- 
tion Hall, Bell Street, the mem- 
bers of the above society and 
friends were treated to a high- 
class lecture and musical enter- 
tainment on "The Songs and 
Poetry of the Highlands," by 
Mr. John Mackay, Glasgow, 
editor of the Celtic Munthlij. 
Tliere was a good turnout. Mr. 
\Vm. Thomson occupied the 
chair, and briefly introduced 
the lecturer and Miss Lizzie 
B. Mackay, Glasgow, and Mr. 
J. Mackintosh, secretary, Glasgow Gaelic Music;il 
Association. Mr. Mackay touched upon Celtic 
love songs, humorous love songs, poems on Nature, 
songs that dealt with the desolation of the High- 
lands, boat songs, laments, sacred songs and hymns, 
marching songs, drinking songs, fairy and nursery 
songs, and patriotic songs, all of which he dealt 
with in a creditable manner, and evoked hearty 
applause. The musical part was ably sustained 
by Miss Mackay (a coming vocalist), Mr. Mac- 
kintosh, and the lecturer, who sa)ig the Gaelic and 
English versions (with piano accompaniments) to 
the delight of those present. Altogether the 
entertainment was a most enjoyable one. Mr. 
MacDonald (vice-president), and Mr. MacNab 
(president), awarded a hearty vote of thanks to 
the entertainers, and one of the most enjoyable 
meetings was brought to a termination at a season- 
able hour. 

DR. LIVINGSTONE'S ANCESTORS. 
7o tite EdiUir of the " Cfltic .Monthly." 
Sir, — I read with considerable interest the 
article on David Livingstone and his relatives in 
your issue for last month. I should feel obliged 
if you would put a (inery in next month's number, 
in order, if possible, to see whether Dr. Living- 
stone was in any way related to the Livingstones 
of Crogan. By doing so you would much oblige. — 
Yours, &c. James Livingstone. 





D. N. NICOL, of Ardmarnock. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

4 MAGAZINE FOS HIGHLMDEfiS. 



Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 9. Vol. II.] 



JUNE, 1894. 



[Price Tlireepence. 



DONALD N. NICOL. 



|pj^|HE subject of oiu* sketch this month ; 
W^ Mr. Donald Ninian Nicol of Ai-dmar- 
^;^ uock, wiU scarcely require an intro- 
duction to many of our readers. A resident in 
his native county of Argyllshire for many yeai's, 
his name has become familiar as one who has 
its interests and welfare deeply at heart. 

The only sm-viving son of the late Dr. Nicol 
of Ardmarnock, he received his early education 
at Merchiston Castle School, and Glasgow 
University, Proceeding afterwards to Queen's 
College, Oxford, he took the degrees of B A. 
and M.A. and having been called to the English 
Bar joined the Northern Circuit. Although 
he has ceased the active practice of his chosen 
profession, his early study of law has proved of 
excellent service to hun. A fluent and ready 
speaker, he is able to grasp the salient and 
material pioints of his subject and to communi- 
cate them to an audience in a telling and 
effective way. Since 1855 Mr. Nicol has resided 
on his Ai-gyUshire estate with the exception of 
a brief visit to London diuing the winter 
months. At an early period he began to take 
an active interest in local affairs. A Justice of 
the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant of the County, 
he was the Convener of the Finance Committee 
imder the old regime of the Commissioners of 
Supply, and when they were superseded by the 
County Council, he continued to hold that 
position and has proved himself an able 
guardian of the Exchequer In presenting his 
annual Budget to the Coimcil, Mr. Nicol 
displays a masterly command over the iutri 
cacies of his subject, and has the rare ability 
of imparting to it a vivid interest which is 
seldom found amidst the dry bones of statistics. 
He was also Chakmau of the Valuation Com- 
mittee, and is also a member of several other 
Committees of the County Council. As a 



member of the Lunacy Board he has been 
f)rominent in the movement to modify the 
excessive control exercised by the Central Board 
in Edinburgh. He is also Chairman of the 
Parochial Board of his own Parish of Kilfinan, 
which he represents in the County Council. 

In 1874: Mr. Nicol married the daughter of 
Sir- Edward Bates, Bart., late II.P. for Ply- 
mouth, and he foimd congenial work in taking 
a leading part in successive contested elections 
for that constituency. Since the retirement of 
Colonel Malcolm he has been chosen as the 
Unionist Candidate for Argyllshire. Mr. Nicol's 
talents deserve a wider scope than the some- 
what contracted sphere to which his energies 
have hitherto been devoted, and his ripened 
experience, ready tact and intimate and dis- 
criminating knowledge of local and imperial 
affau's lit him in an eminent degree for a seat 
in the supreme Legislative Coimcil of the 
Kingdom. 

This brief sketch of Mr. Nicol's career would 
be incomplete without some mention of his 
warm sympathy with the cause of higher 
education in the Highlands. As Joint Hon- 
orary Secretary of the Highland Society of 
London he has taken an active interest in the 
provision of bursaries for the assistance of 
students in the outlying districts. These 
bursaries are awarded not by competitive 
examination but after a careful comparison of 
the merits of the applicants with special regard 
to the difficulties under which they have pursued 
their studies. Many a poor student has been 
assisted by this means to overcome the initial 
obstacles in his way and to enter upon a 
successful career in one of the professions. 
The personal knowledge which Mr. Nicol gained 
during his study at Glasgow University of the 
disadvantages imder which Highland students 
are placed has led him to devote a very con- 
siderable amount of time and trouble in working 
out the details of a scheme which has proved 
so fruitful in its results. 

Mr. Nicol is a member of the Kintyre Club, 
Glasgow Cowal Society, London Ai-gyUshire 
Association, and other county organizations, in 



166 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



the welfare of which he takes a keen interest, 
and his presence at the recent Annual Social _ 
Gatherings in Glasgow was veiy heai-tily 
welcomed by the members. It may be also 
mentioned that as a native of CowiU he naturally 
takes a special interest in the well known 
Glasgow Cowal Shinty Club, of which he is a ' 
patron. 
,., „„ James MacKellab. 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 

By Malcolm MacFarlane. 



Key E. 



Caidil Gu Lo. 



From Albyn's Anthology (1cS16). 
[Continued from page 160). 

G7. Banarach dhonn a' chruicUi. The aubm-n- 
haired lionnie dey — being an imitation of the 
original Ciaelic song. "Hail to the Chief," by 
Sir'^W. Scott, "Hillof Lochiel," by James Hogg, 
and "The Banks o' the Devon," by Burns, were 
adajited to this air or variants therof. 

68. Guma slan a chi mi. Blythesome may I 
see thee— by the Editor. A translation by Pro- 
fessor Blackie is given in "The National Choir" 
vol. 2, page 202 ; an original song to the same 
air by Joseph M'Gregor at page 15G; and 
another by Thomas Hood at page 157. 

69. Soraidh slan do 'n Ailleagan. I still may 
boast my will is free — by the Editor. 

70. Tha mi .sgith 's mi leam fhin. Why should 
I sit and sigh— by James Hogg. The following 
remnant of the Gaelic words, diflering somewhat 
from those given in part 3 " Celtic Lyre," is 
worth quoting : — 

" Tha mi sgith, 's mi leam fhln, 

H-\nle la an Cnoc-na-beannachd ; 
Tha mi sgith, 's mi leam fhin, 

H-uile Ik a 'm onar. 
H-uile Ik an Cnoc-na-beannaclul, 

H-uile lit a 'm onar ; 
H-uUe Ik an Cnocna-beannachd, 

'S ni fliear tigh'nn g' am fbeoraich. 
Cul an toraain, bcul an tomain, 

C\\\ an tomain bhoidhich ; 
Ciil an tomain, beul an tomain, 
H-uile Ik a 'm onar. 
7 1 . Caidil gu 16. Hush thee my baby— by Sir 
Walter Scott. Eraser of Knockie, in a footnote at 
page 7.'5, writes " This tune supposed to be com- 
posed by the roving King James, would spread 
among all his subjects as his iimduction : Imt 1 
find the best set of it preserved in the lliglilands 
and sung to Gaelic words." Patrick MacDonidd, 
in his collection of Gaelic Air, calls it a Skye Air. 
Knockie's .set is the simplest of the three and I 
give it along with as much of the Gaelic song as 
is preserved in Albyn's Anthology : — 



Chorus. 
;: Is -.n :d Id' ;-.r' -.n' |s :1 :f In;- ^ 

(), ho 10 1 ri ri laidil gu 16, ) 

Fine. 

: Is :n :d Id' :— .r' :n' Is :n :r |d:— I 

O, ho ro 1 ri ri oaidil jru 1>>. I 



i:d'.4''ln' :d' :r 

I 'S e lu' f hcudail i 



Id' :n :f..fjs :1 

n ciiirtfhear Dheaiuidli inir' 



i:d'.,r'|n' :d' :r' Id' :s 

I 'S e m' fheudaU an oiiirt.fhear 



:tail :s ) 

:^\i sii^adh 1 
D.C. 

:n |r:-|l 



Is :f 

.luraiijinn pog. " 

'S e m' fheudail am tleasgach 
Ghabh air ialbh air au fbeasgar; 
O, tha mi fo bhreislich 
Ma sheasas an ceo. 

Dol a null air an fhaoghailt, 
Gu'n deanadh mo rogbainn ; 
Bhiodh ciich air a dheaghaidh 
'S mo roghainn air tus. 

72. He 'n clo-dubh. Like lightening gleams 
— by James Douglas. 

73. Gura thall ann Sothaidh. It was o'er in 
yon Soa — translation by Editor. 

74. An gille gnanach. I've made a vow — by 
Mrs. Gray. This is the well-known Seinii an 
(luan so by Dr. JlacLachlan of Rahoy. The 
Editor gives the following fragment of the 
original song which, it will be seen James Munro 
worked into his line song to this air (see Am 
Filidh i)age 16 — An t-oigear uallach) : — 

A ghille ghuanaich o hi o r('), 
A ghille ghuanaich o ho i, 
A ghille ghuanaich nan leadan dualach, 
Tha mi fo ghruaim o'n dh' flu'ig thu "n tir. 

75. Bealach a' ghiiraidh. O, my love, leave me 
not— by Mrs. Grant. This air is best known as 
"Mackintosh's Lament." The Gaelic words 
given in Albyn's Anthology diti'er from those 
given by Laclilan MacBean in his "Songs of the 
Gael," and are worthy of quotation here: — 

Ochain, a laoigh, leag iad thu (3 uairean) 

Am bealach a' ghiiraidh. 
'S truagh nach robh mis an sin (3 uairean) 

Us ceatlirar gach laimh domli. 
An leann thug iad gu d' bhanais (3 uairean) 

Air t' fharaire bhk e. 
'Nam bhreidich \ 'nam ghruagaich (3 uairean) 

'S 'nam bhanntraich 'san aon Ik ud. 
Gun chron iiir an t-saogh'l ort (3 uairean) 

Ach nach d' fhaod thu saogh'l buan fhaotainn. 
76. Soraidh slan do 'n Ailleagan. The Spring 
for me revives in vain— Gray. This tune is a 
variant of that to which I\l orison's spiritual song 
An Calk is adapted (See No. 30 MacBean's 
"Songs and Hymns of the Scottish Highlands"). 
Entirely diflerent airs of the same name appeared 
in the Gael Vol. v. page 22, and in the " The 
Highlander," No. 164. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



167 



'■A • 5 H I NfTY -/n ATCH 




CAMANACHD. 



Times have changed in the North of Suther- 
land, and with them the habits and customs of 
the people have undergone an alteration also. 
The amusements of the winter mouths are still 
indulged in, but not so heartily, I fear, as they 
were in the days of long ago. Shinty was a 
favourite game on the sands at Balnakeil, o'er- 
shadowed by the fine baronial residence of the 
Lords of Reay, aud on New- Year's Day the 
game is still jalayed. It may not prove un- 
interesting to the readers of the Celtic Mimthtii 
to describe a New- Year's Day Shinty Match as 
it was played on these beautiful sands many 
yeai's ago. 

It is a tine clear morning, with a touch of 
frost in the air sufficiently keen to add zest 
to the exertions of the day. The players having 
arrived, the Shinty is thro^-n do'W'U, and boys, 
lads, and men play merrily for half-an-hour 
■n-ithout drawing sides, hke the first flomish of 
fence before beginning in earnest. 

The crowd thickens, old men appear upon 
the gTOund, and young wives and maidens also, 
as spectators, come dressed in theii' best attii'e. 
A miuTBur goes round that it is time to begin ; it 
gets louder, and they collect in a gi'oup. The 
company having assembled, it was proposed, 
and unanimously carried, that the game be 
commenced in earnest. Eetu'ing to the middle 
of the sands, two persons are chosen to draw 
sides, and a club is tossed in the air for the first 
call. The chosen one standing out in the ring 
looks around for his companiou-at-anns, who 
modestly holds back until called by name, when 
he advances, not unconscious of the honour 



conferred on him. but with aft'ected humility, 
perhaps finding fault with his principal for 
havmg made such a bad choice. His opponent 
next selects his man, and so proceed, at first 
cautiously, each party consulting together as to 
whom they would choose. At times both call 
out a favourite player simultaneously, and then 
the battle wages long and loud. But they now 
get impatient, aud the names are called out 
still faster, until none are left save a few half- 
grown boys too young to join the strife of heroes, 
and too old for entering the battle of the 
pigmies. A hole is then made in the sand, the 
ball is dropped into it. men are seen stri23ping; 
shoes, stockings, bonnets, clothes are left in the 
custody of some daughter or fair favourite, or 
upon a sand hillock. 

Two field marshals are appointed, who take 
their stations; the ball is tossed out of the hole, 
each man firmly gi'asps his club, each eye is on 
the alert, up it ascends, aud then begins the 
fight of heroes. All else is forgotten, brother 
comes against brother, father against son, for 
their blood is vq). Now they seem all in a knot, 
next instant they separate, they press in a body 
upon one end, and they then diverge like moun- 
tain streams; but though many they are one, 
for they have a common object, though only a 
piece of wood three inches in diameter. The 
fair ones, gentle and simple, group along the 
shore, while many a loving look is exchanged, 
no doubt stimulating some to greater exertions. 
The running of one is beautiful, another's 
plajdng is awkward, that of a third superb, of 
a fourth ludicrous. The mascuhne exhibition 
on that sea shore is really fine. What flashes 
from that young man's eyes as he strikes forward 
the ball ! "What a proud step after he has 



ll).S 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



done it ! What attitudes that field marshal 
puts himself iuto as the ball is deliberately fixed 
on a fulcrum of sand before him ! Conscious of 
the gaze of a thousand eyes, he retreats a few 
steps, and, measuring the object with the eye, 
dutches more firmly the club, and comes down 
with it in a circular sweep, hitting the ball 
beautifully, and following it with his eye as it 
rises iuto the clear- blue sky. No I'est being 
allowed, the ball is at times by mistake thrown 
into the sea, into which, though the surge 
should be considerable, a dozen stalwart fellows 
leap, and even midst the breakers struggle for 
it. As a tribute to this bravery, the one who 
finds it is permitted to stiike without molesta- 
tion, a sufficient reward, he considers, for his 
ducking. 

But look at that group who support a fainting 
man. From an accidental stroke of the club 
un the temjjle his skull is laid bai'e. He is 
deadly pale as they carry him out of the melee. 
Women also surround him, among whom is the 
young man's sweetheart. Pale and trembUng, 
she takes the handkerchief ofl' her neck, and 
binds it round his head. His eyes open; that 
look she gave him has acted like a cordial. 
The wai'm blood once more mantles his face, he 
says he is quite well, and wishes again to enter 
the melee, but is kept back by a beseeching 
look from the maiden, and the tears by which 
it is backed have more weight with him than 
the remonstrances of a thousand tongues. 

But we see another and a larger group, but 
it is difficult to wedge one's way into it. There 
is a ling and loud words, inside are two 
fellows with brawny arms, pale with anger, 
collaring one another, while others try to hold 
the determined fighters back. 'Let them 
alone,' cries a sensible old man, and, left to 
themselves, they see what a ridiculous figure 
they cut ; they look at each other, shake hands, 
and set oil' once more in theii- pursuit. Some- 
times, however, they are not so easily separated, 
and blood flows ere they desist from fighting. 
But see that poor limping dog which has faith- 
fully followed his master, and for his fidelity 
has got a Ijiokeu leg. What has so suddenly 
(.lisperse<l that female group '. The ball has 
ellected this with as great expedition as a shell 
falUng among a party of troopers. Ofl' it goes, 
however; that handsome young fellow who eyed 
it intently had a design upon it, and now is his 
time, beautifully does he send it along, never 
missing, and as skilfully does he out-mamuuvTO 
his adversary, who meets him; he waits, strikes 
it, and piusses him. With the ball at his foot, 
a false step and all would bo lost, for he is 
h(jtly pui-sued, the whole field being in full cry 
at his heels. But he knows his jjower, and 
reserves his strength to the last. Forward he 



goes, only now pui-sued by two or three, and, 
out-distancing aU, he is cheered by his own 
party, while the opposition only sullenly growl. 
Eeachmg now the goal, he strikes the ball 
against the rock, while a trimuphaut hail rises 
from a hundi'cd voices, and meets him grate- 
fully as again he di-aws breath. By this time 
it is almost dark, and as each youth, weary with 
the day's exercise, retm-ns home in the gloam- 
ing, he looks out for the gii'l he loves best, and 
engages her as his partner for the evening 
dance. 

London. RoBINA FdTDLATER. 



AG AMHARC AIR AIS. 



Air tulaich ghuirm ri taobh na triigh, 
Fodh sgi'iile tlatli nan creagan lom ; 
Tha ni' inntinn mar gu 'm biodh i sn^nih, 
Ag eisdeachd giirieh throin nan tonn. 

'S mi cuimhneacbadh nam bliadhn' a thriall. 
Mar bhruadar diomhanach nach till, 
'S mo chiirdeau lionmlior, gradhach, fiall, 
'Tha enimh a 'n diomhaireachd na cill. 

06 'bheir an sgeula dhuinn air ais, 
No'm bi sin glaiste uainn gu brath 1 
Am faic sinn tuilleadh gniiis am uiais', 
A phaisgeadh aim an glaic a' bh.iis? 

An cluinn sinn tuilleadh cainnt am beoil, 
A sheoladh sinn le 'n comhradli glic 1 
An caidil iad a chaoidh fodh 'n fhuid. 
An dorchadas a blir6in fodh 'n lie ! 

An lean an saogbal-so gu bn\tb, 
A barcadh air 'us dheth an t-sluaigh ! 
'S 'g an iomairt mar na tuinn air traigh, 
An uine ghearr a bliios an cuairt. 

Tlia linn an deadhaidh linn gun t^mh, 
Mar aVihuinn Ian a ruith do 'n ehuan, 
'S mar liisan niaoth a thig fodh bhhVtli, 
'S a bhi'isaicheas 'n uair 'thig am fuachd. 

Tha caochladh sgriobht' air gniiis gach nl, 
'S cha bliuain' an righ no 'n duine boolid ; 
An gloir 's an ionmhais cha toir sith, 
'S iad aig a chricli gun bhrigh gun toirt. 

Ach tlia ar duil ri tir is fearr. 

Far am bhcil fois do 'n iinrach sgUh ; 

Far nach bi dealachadh gu bruth, 

'S far nach tig br(>n no pliigh 'g ar tlaoidli. 

Ach figaidh sinn e aig an Triatli, 
Am lireithcanili ccart nach liar a' choir, 
'Thug dhuinn ar ti;s, 's dha 'n aitlin' ar crioch, 
'S a bhios gu suthainn siorruidh heh. 

N. Macleoid, 



THE CELtIC MONTHLY. 

LONDON ARGYLLSHIRE ASSOCIATION. 

THOMAS HUNTER MURRAY and NEIL MACMILLAN, 

JOINT SECRETARIES. 



169 




THOMAS HUNTER MURRAY, though born iu 
Glasgow, is of Argyleshire parentage, his ancestors of 
several generations rest in the beautiful old church- 
yard of Kilniun, his father's and mother's home being 
separated only by the Holy Loch. His father's family 
still possess the pleasant snuimer residence of Finnart 
Bank, Kilmun, and his maternal grandfather was 
John 0. Turner of Dunloskin, a man well-known and 
greatly respected, who gave much time and voluntary 
labour to all the interests of the County. Joining 
the stream of young life which flows towards the 
great Metropolis, he entered the Firm of Macmillan 
& Co., Publishers, Strand, where he has been for 
twelve years, rising gradually in position and respect. 
Two years ago he became Secretary of the Argyleshire 
Association, a friendly society, through which new 
comers may find a welcome, and older members 
may feel, from time to time, the strength of the 
united centre, the fellowship of early days. Being 
originated in 1890, the Association is still in its 
infancy, but has every prospect of developing a vigour- 
ous manhood in the years to come, unless its existence 
is effaced by the time that's "comin'yet" "when 
man to man the world o'er, shall brothers be, an a' 
that ; " the advent of which is materially helped 
forward by such Societies. Genial and upright, he 
bears about in him amid all the toil ot business life, 
the pure atmosphere of his native hills. 



NEIL MACMILLAN was born at Bowmore, Islay, 
and is the son of Captain Uonald Macmillan of that 
village. On the maternal side he can trace his 
ancestors as far back as "Traigh (jhruinard," while 
paternally he comes of a well-known seafaring family. 
His grandfather, the late John Macmillan, was one of 
most respected and hospitable men in the island. 
The subject of our sketch began his education at the 
village school, and afterwards studied at Glasgow for 
the Civil Service. At a competitive examination held in 
London in the beginning of 1891 he took a high place 
on the successful list, and was immediately called 
upon to take up his appointment in Loudon. 

After nearly two years service in a Government 
Office, he resigned it in favour of the more active 
pursuits of a commercial career, having received an 
appointment with Messrs. E. D. Sassoon & Co., one of 
the foremost East India Merchants. 

True to his warm Highland sympathies he early 
became a member of the County Association, and on 
the resignation of one of the Secretaries he was 
unanimously elected to fill the vacancy, the duties of 
which he discharges with credit and satisfaction. He 
is a member of the l'2th Aliddlesex (Civil Service) 
Volunteer Corps, and also belongs to the Service 
Rugby Football team, and plays a good game in the 
forward division. In every respect Neil Macmillan 
is a worthy son of " Green grassy Islay." 



170 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TONGUE AND ITS HISTORI 
SURROUNDINGS. 



By John Mackay, C.E., J. P., Hereford. 



Part V. — The Battles of Dingwall and 
Haupsdale, and Slaughter of Mowat 
OF Freswick. 

{Continued from page 157). 
''Va liave now arrived at an eventful and 
luonientous period of Highland and 
Mackay history during the liule of 
Angus Du Mackay in Tongue. As we have 
seen in the last chapter, this young cliief was a 
minor at his father's death. During his minoritv 



tlie clan was ruled by his elder uncle Huistean 
L)u (swarthy Hugh), a man of great resolution, 
determination and braver}', manifested by liis 
opposition to the demands made upon him hy 
the MacLeods of Lewis, and the quick re- 
taliation he inflicted upon them at Tutem- 
tarrach. Whether his young nephew accom- 
panied him on that expedition, as very probably 
he did, we are not certain, yet there cannot be 
a doubt that his martial uncle instructed him in 
all the necessary accomplishments of the period, 
to govern and to lead men in peace and in war. 
On his uncle's death two years after the l)attle 
of Tutim-tarrach Angus Du assumed the reins 
of government, and proved himself to be a real 



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III ( ii'i Aiai, ToMiii:. 



leader of men. From the associations lie had 
formed, and the influence he had acquired in the 
earlier years of his rule we find him to have 
been a young man of the liighest capacity, attain- 
ing within the three northern counties an ascend- 
ency second only to the Lord of the Isles, when 
tliat potentate rebelled against the Regent of 
Scotland to assert his assumed right of succession 
to the Karldoui of Ross during the long imprison- 
ment of James the first in England. 

The iMunros, Rosses, and otlu^r elans in that 
Earldom, were on the side of the Regent, and 
were not well inclined to the Lord of tlic Isles. 
They preferred to be loyal to the government of 
the Regent, and to liave his son as tlieir superior. 



Probably enough instigated by the Regent Albany, 
these clans formed a confederacy to resist the 
pretensions of the turbulent and disloyal Lord 
of the Isles, who had been plotting with the 
Kings of England to re-subject .Scotland to their 
domination and partition it between them. 
Angus Du, being the more influential and power- 
ful of the confederates, was chosen to lie 
Commander-in-Chief to resist him. The Lord 
of the Isles was informed of this confederacy, 
and at once resolved to force these refractory 
clans into submission. For (his purpose he 
collected an army in the Isles and invaded Ross, 
to take forcible possession of the lOarldom and 
reduce these clans to acknowledge liim as their 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



171 



over Lord. The confederates under the leader- 
ship of Angus Du hastily assembled their forces 
in time to meet the invading army of the Isles 
at Dingwall, as Sir Robert Gordon tell us. A 
bloody battle ensued, the confederates being 
defeated with great loss of men. Angus Du 
was taken prisoner, his young brother Rorie 
Gailda slain, but no mention is made of the 
Chiefs of other clans killed, or taken prisioners 
by the Lord of the Isles This battle, severe as 
it must have been, is assumed to have taken 
place in the same year as that of Harlaw, 1411. 
It is much more likely to have happened two 
or more years previously, and for the simple 
purpose of reducing the clans of tiie Earldom of 



Ross to his submission before undertaking the 
moi-e serious object of contending with the 
Regent for the superiority of the Highlands 
beyond the " Garbh-chrioch " — an event well 
fixed by "The Day of Harlaw," — and which 
Donald, Lord of the Isles failed to accomplish 
by his want of tenacity of purpose, and by the 
stern resistance he met with that day. 

Angus Du, " the leader of lUOO men," taken 
prisoner at the Battle of Dingwall, was kept in 
bonds for a few months in Caisteil-tirrim, under 
the guardianship of "Alastair Carrach," "Lord" 
of Lochaber, and brother of Donald, Lord of the 
Isles. Donald was politic enough to make terms 
with so powerful a Chief as Angus Du. He 




I.dUD ItKAVS I'KW, TONOl !•; 



proposed to him, now, that the confederacy was 
subdued, and the refractory clans had given in 
their submission, to give ' him his liberty to 
return to his own country and clan, to give him 
also, his sister in marriage, and grant him as her 
dowry, the superiority of lands in the south west 
and north east of Sutherland, which he possessed 
in right of his wife the Countess of Ross. 

An agreement upon these terms was come to, 
Angus Du, married the sister of Donald of the 
Isles, obtained his liberty, and as " Sir Robert " 
says, "carried her away with him to Tongue." 

From the fact of this Mackay chief lieing 
imprisoned for a few months in Caisteil-tirrim 
by the Lord of the Isles, he was ever after nick- 



named by his clansmen " Enneas-a-phriosan, 
(Angus of the prison) erroneously given as 
"Enneas-en-Tmprissi," (Angus theabsolate)absol- 
ute and masterful he undoubtedly was, but the 
words "eu-imprissi," is neither Gaelic, Latin, nor 
Greek, but a corruption of "a-phriosan" as 
above ; a similar epithet was afterwards applied 
to his eldest son who was kept in ward in the 
Bass for nearly ten years. 

The Lord of the Isles, faithful to his treaty 
with Angus Du, conveyed to him and his wife 
Elizabeth, the superiority of a large stretch of 
property in Ross and Sutlierland, extending from 
the Church lands of Skibo to the confines of 
Assynt and the whole of Strath Halladale, On 



172 



THE CELTJC MONTHLY. 



taking possession of these lands by virtue of a 
charter (1414), Angus Du, leased them to liis 
three consins Thomas, Morgan, and Neil, the 
sons of his uncle Neil, and brotlier of Huistean 
Du. This extensive acquisition of territory- 
adjoining his patrimonial estates gave the 
redoubtable Mackay chief a ])reponderance of 
inlluencc and power greatly superior to the Earl 
of Sutherland. To him this was a great evesore, 
and a greater grievance for the Mackay territory 
now encompassed his on three sides, making in 
reality Angus Du in Sutherland, " Angus the 
absolute." Thus the Earl became extremely 
jealous of the influence and power attained by 
the Mackay chief; he felt himself powerless to 
counteract tlie efiect, yet what he could not 
accom])lish by policy or force he tried to do by 
treachery and fraud in fomenting quarrels and 
disturbances in that lawless age of continuous 
contentions. He found willing instruments in 
the Murrays, the cliief of whom was Angus of 
Pulrossie, a wadsetter or lease holder of Thomas 
JMackay, the cousin of Angus Du, referred to 
previously. 

This Tliomas, to whom Angus Du had allotted 
Strath Halladale, Pulrossie and Creich, had a 
dispute with Mowat, laird of Freswick in Caith- 
ness, and was refused satisfaction. Hearing of 
Mowat passing into Ross with a retinue of men. 
he speedily pursued him, and overtaking 
him at Tain, demanded redress, and not obtaining 
it, words culminated in blows. The Mowats 
were worsted and took refuge in St. Duthus' 
Chapel, which was consideied a sanctuary. The 
infuriated I\Iackays unable to get at the Mowats, 
set fire to the chapel, and either burnt or slew 
them. Complaint was made to the Regent 
Albany. The crime was brought before the 
Council, the fact of the atrocity of a Saint's 
chapel being burnt was enough. Without 
further investigation, Thomas Mackay, called 
Neilson from his father being Neil, was forfeited 
and a decree was issued to apprehend him, his 
lands, goods and chattels to ,be the reward for 
his apprehension. 

The difficulty was who would or could ajjpre- 
hend so powerful a man, for Angus Du would not 
like to forfeit the esteem of liis clansmen by 
bringing his cousins to justice if he were called 
UjionI The Earl of Sutherland was afraid of 
Angus Du whom lie thought it was not jiolitic 
to od'end. The apprehension of Thomas lapsed 
for some time. The Earl consulted Angus 
Murray and urged him to do the deed. Angus 
was not loathe to undertake it on the promise of 
protection if \n: failed. 

Angus Murray had two daughters of wliom 
the younger brothers of Thomas Neilson Mackay, 
Morgan and Neil were enamoured. Angus 
Murray persuaded these miscreants to assist him 



in apprehending their elder brother by giving 
them his two daughters in marriage and 
promising to share their brother's property with 
them, which was now forfeited to the crown, 
and promised as reward for the apprehension. 
The unnatural brothers yielded, Thomas was 
apprehended and executed at Inverness, and the 
three villains received the promised reward. 

In the meantime the Caithness people, indig- 
nant at one of their Lairds being slain by Thomas 
Mackay, made several raids upon Thomas' lands 
in Strath Halladale, but after his execution and 
Strath Halladale being conveyed by Charter to 
Angus Murray, they extended their raids into 
Strathnaver. Angus Du was not the man to 
permit such deeds to be done on his own lands 
with impunity. He convened his men and 
marched into the heart of Caithness, unmolested 
till he came to Harpsdale within a few miles of 
Thurso, where the men of Caithness met him 
and a furious battle took jilace attended with 
great slaughter on both sides. The men of 
Caithness getting the worst of it they made 
loud complaints to King .lames the first of 
Scotland, who had within a year or two been 
released from his captivity in England. The 
affair was much magnified to the King and 
Council. James since his return had many 
similar reports from other quarters in the High- 
lands. He determined to go to Inverness and 
personally inquire into the atrocities complained 
of. He summoned the Highland chiefs to meet 
him at Inverness. Angus Du, amongst the 
rest obeyed the King's command, and gave the 
King such good reasons for his conduct that he 
was allowed to return on condition of sending 
his eldest son to his Majesty as a hostage for 
good behaviour in the future. 




OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



C'AITE'N CAIDIL AN RIBHINN? 



Key F. 

d : n 



d d 



n |n :s :n ir :n :r Id 
d Id :d :d t, :t, :t, I d 



:d 



n_:r^ : d Id : n : s 
t, :-:li id :d :d 



Harmonised by H . C, 
1 :-:- Is ■.-•As)] 

d :-:- Id 




Where'er tliou art, 



2 Tha' ghaoth a' seideadh oirnn o'n deas, 

'S tlia iiiise deas gu seoladli, 
'S na'ii rolih tliu leaui air bharr nan stuagli ; 
A luaidh, cba Vihitliinn bronach. 

3 Bha mi deas 'us bha uji tuatli, 

'S gu trio air chuairt 's na h-Innsean, 
'S beau d' aogais riiimh cha d' fliuair mi ann 
No samliladh do mo nigh'naig. 

i 'S ann ort fein a dli' fhas a' ghruag, 
Tlia bachlach, dualach, riomhach, 
Fiamli an oir a's b6idhche siiuadli 
'S e del 'n a dhuail 's na cirean. 

.") Cha tog fiodhall, 's cha tog oran, 
'S clia tog ceol na pioba, 
'S cha tog briodal nigh'naig oig, 

Aui br6n 'tha 'n diugh air m' inntinn. 

G 'Se dh' iarrainn riochd na li-eala bhain 
A shnamhas thai' a' chaolais, — 
'Us racliainn fein troimh tlionnaibh breun, 
A ehur an ceill mo ghaol dhuit. 

7 Tha nis gacli ni a reir nio dheoin, 

Gach acfhuinn 's se61 mar dh' iarrainn ; 
'S gun mhaille theid mi air a tbir, 
'Us posaidh mi mo nigh'nag. 



2 My ship is floating on tlie tide, 

And prosperous winds are blowing ; 
If tliou wert only by my side 
My tears would not be flowing. 

3 I long have braved the stormy sea, 

To distant lands oft sailings; 

No maiden have I seen like thee ; 

Thine absence I'm bewailing. 

4 How fair thy locks are to behold 

When in the sunbeams shiniug ; 
In colour they will vie with gold 
That oft has stood refining. 

5 In song or dance I take no part, 

And music cannot cheer me; 
Nor maiden's smile can raise my lieart 
Since absent from my dearie. 

(J If like the swan I now could .sail 
Across the trackless ocean, 
Ere break of day my love I'd hail 
And prove my heart's devotion. 

7 M}' sails are set ; blow, breezes blow. 
All thoughts of danger scorning ; 
Where dwells my love I'll quickly go 
And wed her in the morning. 



Translation by 'Fkinn. 




Clan MacLean Society. — 
The annual general meeting of 
this Association was held in the 
Assembly Rooms, Mr. John Mac- 
Lean, presiding — when the follow- 
ing office-bearers for the year were 
elected, viz ; — Chief, Sir Fitzruy 
Donald MacLean of Duart and 
Morven, Bart.; Chieftains, Mac- 
Lean of Gailean (Swedish branch), 
MacLean of Pemiycross, MacLean 



of Torloisg, MacLean of Ardgour, and MacLean of 
Drimnin ; President, Mr. Walter MacLean ; Chap- 
lain, Rev. John MacLean, D.D. ; Vice-Presidents, 
]Me.ssrs. Magnus MacLean, M.A., F.R.S.E., John 
MacLean, William; MacLean, A. H. MacLean, 
Lachlan MacLean, and Ex-Provost MacLean, 
Govan ; Treasurer, C. J. MacLean, 115 St. Vincent 
Street ; Secretary, Donald MacLean, 40 South 
Portland Street ; and twenty Councillors. 



174 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS 

All Cvinminiirntions, un litrrnry tiiiil husiness 
niattem, should lir nililreiised tii the Editor, Mr. JOUS 
ilACKAY, 17 Viiiidns Street, Kinijulon, (Itasgon: 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MOATIILY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union — for one year, ^s. 



The Celtic 

jryE, : 



Month ly 



COaWTTJBNrTS. 



DoxALD N. Nicoi. (with plate), - - 

Gaelic Airs to Lowland Songs, 

Camanacitd— A Shinty Match in Sptherlasd, oHustraied), - 
Thomas Hi'ntkr Mirrav & Nkil MacMillan (with portraits), 
TONOCE AND ITS HisTORK' SrRROrNDiNGS (illustrated), 
diR MfsicAL Page— C AiTB 'N Caidu, an Riiiinxv, - 

A Highland Registry, 

To oi'R Readers, 

The La»t Macdonai.us of Isla, Part 7 (illustrated), 

A. Stewart MacGreoor (with portrait), 

Alexander Kendall Mackinnon, 

DfNROBiN— A Remiiiiseence of a Voulnteer Re\ icw. 

Highland Wit AND HuMoi'R 

Abstract OF 0.s,siAN's CovALLA, 

Letters TO THE Editor, 

Reviews, , - • 

News of the Month, &(:, 



A HIGHLAND REGISTRY. 

We are glad tf) be able to intimate that the proposal 
to fonii a Higliliiiul Registry lias been so favourably 
I'ect'ived that the directors have decided to open an 
Office in Glasgow, for the purpose of providing 
employment for the great numbers of young High- 
land men and women who crowd into tliis city 
continually in search of remunerative work. That 
the Registi-j' will be a positive boon is admitted by 
all. We understand that the responsible ])osition 
of manageress has been otl'ered to, and accepted by, 
Miss Annie Mackay, a lady whose intimate know- 
ledge of the working of such institutions will jirove 
of great service. Steps are now being taken to 
secure suitable rooms in some central part of the 
town, and we hojie to be able in our next issue to 
give full particulars. Meantime, we trust that the 
many Highland Societies in the district will give 
the " Highland Registry '' their hearty support. 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. 

\Vk will present our leaders witli life-like jilate 
portraits of Mr. .loliii MacMillaii, ,1.1'.. of (ilencrosh 
and Holm, Diiiiifriesshire ; and ^tr. D. W. Kemp, 
.1.1*., of Trinity, Edinburgh, whose name is so 
familiar to our readers. Interesting biographical 
sketches will iiccomiiaiiy the portraits. We will 
also give finely engraved ])ortraits of Dr. K. N. 
MacDoiiald, Oesto Hospital, Skye, editor of the 
" .Skye Collection " of llighland Keels and Strath- 
speys, Mr. W. MacCJregor Stoddard, London, and 
Mr. George MacKay, Sanitary Inspector for Perth- 
shire. In addition to these a far. slmllr will be 



given of the famous bond of the " Men of Islay " 
in favour of the forfeited Lord of the Isles, and a 
number of views of places of interest in Islay will 
also appear as illustrations to the next part of Mr. 
C. Eraser-Mackintosh's interesting papers on the 
MacDonalds of Isla. Jlr. John MacK.iy, Hereford, 
contributes a valuable article on " Ian Abracli," the 
young hero chief of the Clan MacKay, which will be 
suitably illustrated with views of historic places in 
the MacKay country. We also intend giving fac 
si mill. -i of several of the beautiful plates which 
appeared in the Queen's magniticent work on the 
"Highland Clans." The article on "Highlanders 
in the Archer Guard of France," held over from 
this issue, will also appear, in addition to tlie 
following interesting contributions, — " Doiuillacli 
odhar nan creach's encounter with the Men of 
Assynt" (illustrated), by George Morrison, "An 
old' Highland Moderate Minister,'" by Rev. P. 
Macleod, "Three rare Gaelic Books" by Rev. Dr. 
Masson, "How a Provost was made in Wick nearly 
two centuries ago," by Geo. M. Sutherland, F.S.A., 
Scot.; -'The Auldest Native," a humorous Highland 
reading, by Mr. Duncan Maclean ; besides other 
attractive contributions in prose and verse. We 
hope to make our next number the best we have 
yet issued, both in regard to the literary matter and 
beautiful illustrations. We want to jirove that High- 
landers can produce a Magazine which will compare 
favourably with any published in Britain at the 
price. Every Highlander should buy a copy of 
next month's CvNic Mouthlij. 

The Clan MAtKiNNON. — Our next issue will 
contain contributions relating to this clan which 
will prove of great interest to clansmen. Com- 
munications on the disputed chiefshiii will also 
appear. 

We have to express our indebtedness to Mr. 
Arthur MacKay Morrison and Miss Margaret J. 
Morrison, Laurel Bank, Partick, for the use of a 
large number of negatives of views of Islay, several 
of which we reproduce in this issue. We lioiie to 
give reproductions of several other scenes in Islay 
from Mr. Morrison's unique collection. 

Deati£ of a DisriNiaisHEii Sutheklandek. — 
Many of our readers will regret to learn t)f the 
deatl'i of Mr. (ieorge Munro, Bolton. Mr. Munro 
was a native of Evclix, Dornoch, and although 
absent for thirty four years from his native parish 
he took a deep and practical interest in every project 
which was intended for the benefit of his fellow 
countrymen. 

Shinty — Inveuakay i-. Oiian. — This important 
contest which took place at Oban on 2Gth April, 
resulted in a win for Inveraray by 5 goals to 2. 

The Hiohlano Empokiu.m. — What has long been 
a felt want in Glasgiiw is now likely to be supplied 
— we refer to the establishment of a (laelic Book- 
seller and Stationer in Glasgow. Mr. Henry Wliyto 
(Fionn) has just taken over an old established 
business at 4 Bridge Street— at south end of Glasgow 
Bridge — where he intends to can-y on the business 
of Gaelic Bookseller, Stationer, News .4gent, and 
Tobacconist. Mr. Whyte's ac(|uaiiitance witii Gaelic 
Literature generally, and his knowledge of the 
wants and reiiuirements of his Celtic brethren in 
this line, ought to secure him a large share of Celtic 
jiatroiiiige. We besiieak for him tlie support of all 
Highlanders. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 
PLACES OF INTEREST IN ISLAY. 



175 




LOCH GRirNARD. 

THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



By Chaeles Feaser- Mackintosh, F.S A. (Scot). 

Part VIL — {continued from jKige L53). 

" <^i5[&'^ ^^^ ^ custom among the Higlilanders tti 
y^jjl visit from house to house making merry 
■y^ while the provisions lasted, then they 
would carry the master of the last house 
with them to the next and so on. Angus said he 
did not choose to demean himself in such a way 
thro' Hay, as he had not the least doubt but he 
would be fond of a jiroper opportunity to revenge 
the treatment he had given him. But Angus 
protested that he meant to live in the greatest 
friendshijj with him as a brother. But besides had 
he not the dearest pledges he could give him in the 
world already. Add to all this it was his sister's 
house, who would neither countenance nor sutler 
the least ^vrong to be done to the meanest of her 
relations, and far less to her brother. In fine Sir 
Lachlan was prevailed upon to go with him which 
he did without any fear or suspicion, accompanied 
«-ith eighty of his relations and kinsmen besides 
servants, to Angus' house, where they were enter- 
tained at a very high rate. Sir Lachlan kept 
James his hostage with him every night in his bed- 
chamber in case of any attack. 

" Angus had privately warned all his friends in 
the Island to be in full armour at his house about 
midnight and to wait his signal resolving to kill 
them all the very lirst night after their arrival. 



PORT.CHARLOTTE. 

\ 

After supper M'Lean, at his own desire, lodged 
with all his men in a long stnmg house that lay at 
a little distance from the rest of the houses in the 
town, keeping still his hostnge James with him. 
About midnight when it was thought all were 
asleep, Angus surrounded the house with 400 men 
in arms. He came himself to the door, and called 
upon Sir Lachlan to rise and let him in that he 
might give him his sleeping drink which he had 
forgot to give him before he went to bed. Sir 
Lachlan thanked him but told him he wanted none 
then. Angus, however, insisted that he should 
come out and take it. Sir Lachlan suspecting the 
worst rose and wenx to the door, carrying James 
his hostage and nephew in his arms. The boy 
seeing his father with a drawn sword in his hand at 
the door, and others in the same way about it, 
cried for mere}' to his uncle, which was granted, 
and M'Lean retired with him to a private room till 
morning. About daylight Angus M' Donald called 
to all that were with M'Lean, that such of them as 
wanted to save their lives should come out and 
surrender themselves which all did except two, who 
refused to come out and were therefore burnt in 
the house. Next day there was a report spread 
through all llay that Sir Lachlan's friends at 
Dowart had caused Ronald, Angus' brother, the 
other hostage, to be put to death. Though this 
was a false alarm, yet Angus desired no more than 
to be revenged on the M'Leans, for the very next 
day he caused sixty of M'Lean's followers to be 
beheaded in couples. 

" The Earl of Argyle being informed of these 
outrages acquaints the King and Council with it 



176 



TIIK CELTIC MONTHLY. 



ui)on wliicli a herald was despatched to summon 
Aii<;us to deliver Sir Lachlan M'Leaii to the Earl 
of Arijn,le. But the harlioiir at which the heraUl 
shoiild land was blocked up so that he could not 
land but was o!)lij;ed to return without doint; any- 
thing. But after a great deal of pains and travail 
by Sir James Stewart the Chancellor and others, 
and after imposing; very hijih conditions, Sir Lachlan 
Avas released, and Ronald his brother and the other 
hostaije set at liberty, and further Sir Lachlan was 
obliged to give his own son and M'Leod of Harris' 
son as hostages to Angus M'Donald and thus matters 
were adjusted between them at that time. 

"Some time after this Angus M'Donald being 
obliged to go over to Ireland upon some affairs of 
importance, Sir Lachlan M'Lean no sooner came to 
know this than lie invaded Hay in a hostile manner, 
and burnt, killed, pillaged all before him without 



the least regard to his own faith or the safety of the 
hostages. Angus M'Donald having returned from 
Ireland never troubles the innocent hostages for the 
outrages committed in his absence, b\it in great rage 
convocates his men and in a hostile manner enters 
Tyree, belonging to the M'Leans, and with tire and 
sword kills all the inhabitants and cattle that was 
for the use of man, without exception or distinction, 
and from that proceeded to Mull, killing all the 
M'Leans that came in his way at his pleasure. 

"Sir Lachlan in the meantime enters Kintyre 
with fire and sword and lays it waste. Thus for a 
while they ruined one another till both their 
- countries were desolate. At length Sir Lachlan to 
detach John M'lain M'Donald of .Ardn.iuiurchan 
from Angus M'Donald'sparty.heinvited himtoMuU 
promising him his mother, to whom he had formerly 
been a suitor in marrii^e. John M'Donald accepte 



SANCTUARY CROSSES OF ISLAY. 




KII.IIAI.TCIX. 



of the invitation, goes to Mull and w:ih married, 
but it being whispered that he could not be detached 
fr(jm Angus M'Don.-ild's interest and party, a few 
nights after the marriage, the chamber where John 
M'Donald lay was forced open. He was violently 
dragged out of bed from his wife and made prisoner 
and eighteen of his followers killed on the spot, 
nor woulil they accejit of his eldest son as iiostage 
for him. At length Sir Lachlan M'Lean and Angus 
M'Donald were both charged wit!i a herald to 
compear before the King at Kdinburgli, \nider pain 
of forfeitry. Both compeared and w/;re committed 
close jirisoners to the Castle of RIdinburgh, at 
length tliey were both reconciled and got remissions 
and a severe ])enalty imposed njjon the hrst that 
woidd break the peace. 

"A considerable time after this Sir Lachlan 
M'Lean resolves to strike at the root of the 
-M'Donalds of .South Isles, having borrowed or pur- 
chased an action against the whole Isle of Islay, the 



ancient inheritance i^f -he M'Donalds, He thought 
it a very pro]ier time to acooiaplisli his design when 
his brother-in-law and famous antagonist Angus 
M'Donald was laid aside Ijy old age and infirmities, 
and Sir James M'Donald his nephew and the right 
heir was but young and ine.xiierieiiced. He there- 
fore raised his men .ind enters Isia with an army 
to take possession of it by virtue of his pretended 
claim. 

" Sir James M'Dcmald being informed of the 
jireparntions made by his uncle endeavours to be 
as ready as he. Accordingly they entered Isla 
much about the same time, several otl'ering their 
good offices to adjust matters, and to make up tlu' 
difference between them. Sir James being the 
iiKjre reasonable of the two was willing for peace, to 
let his uncle Sir Larhlan to possess the half of Isla 
d\iring his life, provided he would hold it of him, 
as the Macleans his ju'edecessors, held of his 
ancestors, the Macdonalds, and offered to refer tint 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



in 



wliole dispute to the King's Majesty, or any other 
Arbiter. But nothing less than the whole would 
please Sir Lachlan, whereupon they parted, and 
both parties prepare to decide the controversy by 
the longest sword, — Sir James having fewer men, 
but better trained, a most bloody battle was fought, 
— Sir Lachlan M'Lean with eighty of the gentlemen 
of his name and two hundred common soldiers were 
killed on the spot, his son Lachlan was severely 
wounded and he and all that remained of the 
M'Leans were chased to their vessels. There were 
sixty of the M'Donalds killed and as many wounded, 
Sir James being dangerously wounded, shot through 
the body with the arrow and left for dead most of 
the ensuing night among the slain. 

" The King being incensed with these broils, and 
finding that the original Right of Isla and Kintyre 
was at his own disposal, he gave the whole land in 
feu to the Earl of Argyle, who apprehended Sir 
James and imprisoned him within the Castle of 
Edinburgh where he was confined a long time." 

From the Extract Clan Histor}' before given, 
it will be seen that Angus had two brothers, 
Coll and Ronald. In tlie Ivalender of State 
Papers of Queen Elizabeth, Scottish Series, 
there is a meniorandara in the hand-writing 
of Sir Robert Cecil, circa 1602, regarding Angus 
Macdonald's family and connection with the 
Irish Macdonalds. The English Queen's repre- 
sentatives and correspondents in Scotland spied 
out and reported the most trivial events, and her 
advisers had the great Scottish families pedigrees, 
connections, quarrels, etc. minutely before them. 
Sir Robert Cecil gives James Macdonald, 6th of 
Isla family, as (1) Archibald who died without 
issue; (2) Angus of whom we are now treating; 
(3) Ronald or Randal ; (4) Coll who died with- 
out issue ; (5) Donald Gorme, and (6) Alexander 
whom he styles " Carrach " and must not be 
confounded with the first Keppoch. 

Angus married Fynvola, daughter of Hector 
Oig Maclean of Duart, who is not named in the 
Baronage unless indentical with the Flor- 
ence therein mentioned, who is said to have 
married Hector Roy Maclean of Coll; and if so, 
Angus Macdonald was her second husband. 

One of the charges against Sir James Mac- 
donald, when indicted in 1604, was that in 
January, 1597, by the desire of the Laird of 
Loupe, then at great enmity with the Tutor of 
Loupe who happened to be visiiting Angus 
JMacdonald at Askomell, two miles distant from 
Simereby, where Sir .lames lived, he. Sir James 
with a large party, on refu.sal of Angus to 
surrender the Tutor or open the doors, set tire to 
the house, to the imminent danger of those 
within. The lady is described as calling out 
"Thiefe will thou burn thy mother," altogether 
a shocking occurrence. The word "thief" was 
of old a general term of opprobium much 
extended from its primary signification, and 
probably in this case signified "Devil" or "Spirit 
of Mischief." In the times when witchcraft 



was reputed as common in the land, the ladies 
who wished to lay the wind, which they had 
raised in the Devil's name, if they failed in the 
first instance to do so, called upon "our Spirit " 
and said to him, 

"Tliiefie ThiefTe ! conjure tlie wind," 
etc. With regard to Angus Macdona,ld's 
lawful children, besides Sir James, notice is 
found of Angus Oig, who was executed in July, 
1615, for taking and holding of the Castle of 
Dunyvaig, notwithstanding his life was promised 
on his surrender. Angus Macdonald had also a 
daughter, Margaret, whose hard position in 
1617 when the Privy Council gives her "special 
license to resort at her pleasure to her friends, 
to solicit their help notwithstanding her having 
visited her brother Sir James Macdonald in 
Kintyre during his rebellion" seems inaccount- 
able. Margaret had married Archibakl Mac- 
donald, younger son of Sleat, with issue Donald 
who succeeded his uncle in 1616, was served heir 
in 1617 and was the first Baronet of Sleat; 
Mary who married a younger son of Clanranald; 
also a .son Hugh, who though one of the worst 
Macdonalds known in their history, occupied a 
good position. Why it was necessary for the 
poor lady to "solicit the help -of her friends" 
is, as I said, inaccountable. 

Angus Macdonald had at least two natural 
sons, Archibald and Ronald Oig. Angus seems 
to have made appeals to the King in the years 
1605 and 1606, without effect. Tiiese are 
couched in the most humble terms, and the state 
of the proud chief had indeed become low when 
he could get himself to pen them. He says he 
paid all the Crown rents and dues of Isla and 
Kintyre and promises to )iay them for the future, 
except for the part that are waste, and he makes 
the significant offer to find sufficient caution 
ivitliin the luwianck that he would be obedient to 
the laws of Scotland, and to that effect should 
compear before the Council upon lawful pre- 
monition wherever they sit. Upon 10th Sep- 
tember, 1606, he .sent a final letter to the King 
through the Bishop of the Isles whose interven- 
tion he sought, stating among other things and 
beseeching "your Majesty for the cause of Cod 
to respect my age and poor estate and to let me 
know your Hignness' own mind signed with 
your Majesty's own hand, and if it please your 
Majesty to continue me in the possession of 
these kindly rooms which my forbears and I 
have had of your Majesty, and your Highness' 
Royal progenitors, I shall not only pay the 
duties and maills used and wont herefor ; but 
also shall find sufficient security for obedience 
to your Majesty's laws in all points, and in all 
time coming ; or otherwise that it may seem 
good to your Majesty to let me know how and 
whereupon I shall live." 



178 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



A. STEWART MACGREGOR, 

British V'ice-Coxsul, Christiaxia. 



|pra|HE subject of the following sketch was 
y^ born in Wales. His fatht^r, Mr. Alex- 
^J^ ander MacGregor, a Civil Engineer, died 
in India ; and when only two years of age the 
boy was taken to Scotland. He received part 
of Ills early education at Windsor Lodge Acad- 
emy, Portobello, and afterwards attended private 
classes in Edin- 

burgh. We " 

take the follow- 
ing extract 
from a testi- 
monial written 
regarding him 
by the Rev. A. 
Barron, M.A., 
then Head 
Master of the 
School referred 
to. " At the 
closing competi- 
tions of his last 
year with me 
he stood at the 
head of every 
class (six) which 
he had attended 
during the 
Session." 

When he left 
school Mr. 
MacGregor had 
himself a pref- 
erence for the 
Church, but, not 
being very 
robust, he was 
advised to give 
up continuous 
hard study, and 
to seek healthy, 
if possible out- 
door employ- 
ment. 

With a vii^w 
to carrying out this idea lie devoted himself to 
farming, first at home and subseciuently abroad. 
At Edinburgh University in session 1870-71 he 
took first-class honours in Agriculture and 
olitained one of the two grants of hooks presented 
to the class by the Highland and Agricultural 
Society of Scotland. 

He then visited Denmark and Sweden, and 
while in the former country -having a thorough 
knowledge of the language — with other co 
editors, lie published Danish Notes on two of 




Shakespeare's Plays. Archa>ology has great 
attractions for him ; several years ago, he was 
elected Mtmbsr of the Society of Northern 
Antiquaries at Copenhagen, and to him was 
entrusted the translation of the eminent Danish 
Antiquarian, Professor Worsaae's last work : — - 
"The Industrial Arts of Denmark." This little 
book was written in Danish, but published in 
English for the South Kensington Museum, 
London. It is an interesting manual on the 
beginnings of Danish Art in the Stone, Bronze, 
and Iron Ages. 
Since residing 
abroad Mr. 
MacGregor has 
taken every 
opportunity of 
re-visiting Scot- 
land, for which 
he has an in- 
tense afl'ection. 
He lost both 
parents while 
he was still 
<|uiteyoung,but 
most fortun- 
ately had been 
placed by his 
father under 
the care of two 
true - hearted 
old Highland 
ladies. Misses 
Stewart, from 
Appin, Argyll- 
shire. This may 
perhajis jmrtly 
account for the 
tact that the 
Highlandshave 
ever possessed 
for him a wond- 
rous charm. 
Though these' 
ladies, like so 
m a n y other 
11 igh landers, 
were intcnseh' 
loyal, they had 
something of the old romantic admiration for 
Prince Charlie, and an interest in everything 
connected with the stirring incidents of the '45. 
While ]\Ir. MacGregor was at Copenhagen the 
then British Vice-Consul there retired ; the 
vacant post was ort'ered to him. He was there 
for several years as Vice-Consul and was then 
nominated by the Marquis of Salisbury to the 
Vice-Ccmsulship at the Norwegian capital, 
subject to his passing the \isnal Civil Service 
Examination. This Mr. MacGregor did. Since 




^ALEXANDER KENDALL MACKINNON. 



'I'flE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



17D 



1890 he has been British Vice-Consul at Christ- 
iania, and upon several occasions during the 
absence of the senior otHcer, he has discharged 
the duties of Acting British Consul-General. 
Notwithstanding all his foreign experiences, 
comparing him with genuine Highlanders at 
home, he lias said it himself and it may most 
truthfully be said of him: — "His heart is in the 
Highlands, and his love to the old country is no 
less than theirs." 

Crosshill. Clasirow. AlEX. MacGrEGOR. 



ALEXANDER KENDALL MACKINNON. 



j|Aj^ FTERthe decease of Alexander Mackinnon 
(SJ^^ (of whose remarkable life we may be able 
^*y=: hereafter to give an account), at Buenos 
Ayres, on the 17th of November, 1815, his son, 
Charles Villiers Mackinnon, settled at Monte- 
video, in Uruguay, as a merchant. He married 
on the 22nd February, 1823, Miss S. Kendall, 
daughter of P. Kendall of Alfreton, Derbyshire. 
Of this marriage were two sons, Alexander, the 
the subject of our sketch, and Charles Duncan 
who died at Brighton on the 16tli January, 1879. 
Li 184.3 Mr. Charles V. Mackinnon brought 
his family to this country to attend to the edu- 
cation of his sons, but died soon after at Reading 
on the 19th May, 1850. 

Mr. Alexander K. Mackinnon received his 
professional education of Civil Engineer and 
Architect by private tuition, and afterwards, at 
University College, London. 

In 1851 he married Eniiley Netherwood (who 
died on the 29th April, 1860), eldest daughter 
of Christopher Netherwood, Esq , late of Cliffe 
Hall, Keighley, Yorkshire, by whom he had two 
daughters and two sons : — the eldest died, the 
second son, Alexander G. Mackinnon, is at 
Buenos Ayres. 

Mr. Mackinnon married again in 1869 to Miss 
T. Gomez, daughter of the late P. A. Gomez of 
Montevideo, by whom he has living one daughter 
and two sons — Frederick Alexander and Albert 
Edward Mackinnon. 

In 1851 he proceeded to Montevideo and 
commenced the practice of his profession, 
and was appointed by the Buenos Ayres Govern- 
ment on an important Commission. He left 
this country again in 1861 to continue the 
practice of his profe.ssion at Montevideo. He 
carried out some important works for the 
Municipality there, and was afterwards appoin- 
ted Director General of Public Works by the 
Government. 

The country was then in its infancy, as far as 
Public Works were concerned. Mr. Mackinnon, 
in the carrying out of an ambitious programme, 
found an earnest supporter in President Flores. 



The laying out of the new city, new roads, gas 
works, the pioneer railways, water works, lazar- 
etto, fireproof warehouses, reclamation of lands 
by the construction of a sea-well more than 2000 
metres long, and other public works, all of which 
were either designed or assisted in tlieir realiza- 
tion by Mr. Mackinnon. 

In 1869 the Government sent Mr. Mackinnon 
to this country as Special Financial Commissioner, 
and also to contract the realization of his tire- 
proof warehouses, both of which missions he 
carried out successfully. 

In 1889 he presented designs for Port Harbour 
Works at Montevideo, a matter still under con- 
sideration. Mr. Mackinnon is a Memlier of tlie 
Institute of Civil Engineers, and also F.R.I. B. A., 
F.G.S., and F.I.I. 



D U N R O B I N. 

A Reminiscence of a Volunteer Review. 



With round dark eye aglow with vvatclifulne.ss, 
A redbreast on the path soft — sudden — dropt. 
And boldly round our veiy footsteps hopped 
In happy freedom. We stood still to ble.ss 
Its confidence ; then fed it and passed on 
To where, 'mid richest Hewers, the fountain rose 
Into the irised sunshine, — thence to those 

Whose martial tire the day had caused to don 
The flowing tartan. Rattling rifles rang ; 

And weighty guns sank in the ]jeaceful sward 
Their wheels; while brazen-throated trumpets 
sang 
"The Huntsman's Chorus!" On tlie wind each 

chord 
Wavered : around, the writhing banners flew. 
And over all the sky spread summer's softest 
blue. 

John Hogben. 



A Lock of Prince Charlie's Hair. 



Mr. A. Stewart MacGregor has many curiosities, 
and among the things which he treasures most is a 
little locket containing a piece of the Prince's hair. 
Regarding this souvenir the following history has 
been written by Mr. MacGregor himself. " It was 
given to Miss Ann Stewart, a sister of the Appin 
Stewarts (Miss Jessie and Miss Flora — referred to on 
page 178), by a daughter of Colonel Campbell, Loch- 
end. Miss Campbell got it from a grand-daughter of 
Flora MacDonald's, the Campbells, Lochend, then 
being tenants of Kingsburgh, Skye. This same 
Miss Ann Stewart afterwards became Mrs. Mac- 
Bride, wife of the Minister of the Parish of Little 
Dunkeld. For a most interesting account of the 
way in which the lock was cut, see " The Book of 
the Noble Englishwoman " by Charles Bruce ; W. 
Kimmo, Publisher. The only thing difficult to 
understand is how anyone could call Flora Mac- 
Donald an Englishwoman ! " 



180 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



HIGHLAND WIT AND HUMOUR. 



By " FioNN. 



'iM^ HIGHLAND boy went with his mother 
?^M^ to Inverness to get his first pair of hoots. 
^^ Returning home with liis boots slung 
round his neck, and feeling as proud as a chief, 
lie paid little attention to his steps. Suddenly 
he struck his big toe against a stone with a 
terrible shock. Stooping down he began to hold 
his toe in his liand, while with a rueful counte- 
nance he showed the pain he was sutteiing. 
Bri''htening up suddenly he turned to his mother 
and^exclaiuied— " Taing do 'n Fhreasdal nach i 
-a' hhrog Sir a fhuair siud," (Providence be 
thanked that it was not the new .shoes that got 
yon.) 

A deer-stalker after a series of inexcusable 
misses, remarked to his gillie— " Well, Donald, 
whose fault was it that time I" Quoth Donald 

" Well, he wasn't more than a hundred yards, 

and it's not my fault you missed him ; and it's 
not the fault" of the stag, for he stood still 
enough ; and it's not the fault of the ritle, for I 
ken well it's a right good one ; so I'll just leave 
it to you to think it over, and find out whose 
fault it was. ' 

This reminds one of the Highland lady who 
sent her son — the young laird — for the fir=.t 
time to the shooting, under Uie charge of old 
Bandy the gamekeeper. On their return in the 
evening with rather a light bag the fond mother 
asked Sandy how the laird got on in the hill — 
and if he was a good shot. " He shot real 
pretty," was Sandy's reiily, "but Providence 
was kind to the birds " 

Two Highlanders were benighted, and lay 
down to sleep on the side of a mountain. After 
they had lain a little one of them got up, but 
soon returned again. The other asked him — 
" What's this, Donald I What have you been 
about!" Donald replied— "I was only bringing 
a stane to put under my head." Duncan started 
up and cried — "Man, but you're unco jjernick- 
ety ! Canna ye sleep without a stane aneath 
your head V 

Gaelic cpitai)hs arc but seldom met with, but 
some of the English attempts to convey to the 
reader an idea of the virtues of departed 
Celts, arc very funny. Take the following for 
example — 

Here lies Andrew MacPherson 
Who was a ))eculiar person. 
He stood six foot two 
Without his shoe, 
And was slew at Waterloo. 



It is not every epitajjh that is so painfully 
true as the following : — 

Here lies interred a man o' raicht. 
His name was Malcom Downie ; 
He lost his life ae market nicht 
By f;i-in' aft his pownie. Aged 37. 
On a stone not far from Rob Roy's grave at 
Balquhidder, the following ludicrous inscription 
may be seen — 

Beneath this stane lies Seonaid Roy, 

Shon Roy's reputed mother. 
In a' her life, save this Shon Roy, 

She never had another. 
'Tis here, or hereabout, they say — 

The place no one can tell ; 
But when she'll rise at the last day 
She'll ken the stane hersel. 
The fact of a man being a good shot is not 
usually included among "tombstone virtues," 
but in the churchyard of Fort-William we find 
the following — 

"Sacred to the memory of Captain Patrick 
Campbell, late of the -t2nd regiment. He died 
on the 1.3th of December 1816. A true High- 
lander, a sincere friend, and the best deerstalker 
of his day." 

In a churchyard not far from Glasgow there 
is a stone evidently erected by a Highlander — 
The confusion of ideas in the epitaph is rather 
extraordinary- Erected by Hugh MacMillan 
in memory of his father Donald MacMillan who 
died, etc., then we have this line from Gray's 
"Elegy in a Country Churchyard" — 

" He gave to misery (all he had) a tear," 
followed by this extraordinary coda — 
Also my son Hugh. 
It reminds one of the inscription over some 
youth who was " shot by a blunderbuss, one of 
the old brass kind — "For of such is the Kingdom 
of Heaven " ! 

It is wonderful what havoc the misplacing of 
part of a sentence, or even a comma makes on 
the sense, as will be seen from the following — 
"Erected to the memory of John MacDonald 
who was shot by his brother as a mark of 
respect." The members of this family must 
have had rather a peculiar way of showing their 
respect for one another. 

A certain Captain MacPherson was about to 
proceed on a long voyage, and his wife sent a 
reipicst to the church to which they belonged 
desiring an interest in their prayers. Poor 
body, she doubtless wrote — " Captain MacPher- 
son going to sea, his wife requests the prayci-s of 
the congregation." The announcement made to 
the congregation was — "Captain MacPherson 
going to see his wife, reipiests the prayers of the 
congregation." If Mrs. MacPherson was present 
her fiTelings may be easier imagined than 
described. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



isl 



ABSTRACT OF OSSIAN'S COVALLA. 



By TlIK LATE LlEUT.-CoLONEL ClIAKLES StEWART, 

Tigh-'n-Duin. 



(Continued from paije 121). 

r^/^^jOVALLA, in answer to this question, 
l^ft. first supposes it was the World-King's 
^& son (Oaracalla) and his host ; but then 
suddenly she changes, and says — 

CoVALLA. 

Conn's chant. 

" But no ! 'tis my Fion's wraitli, surrounded 

By those of bis host that are slain : 

III 
why hast thou come, my beloved one, 

I I I 

To fill me with grief and with pain. 

Fingal arrives and thus addresses the bards — 

Iain chridlte. 

I I II. 

" Mouths that duans chant, each your voice raise, 

Of Carron's host, sing loud the praises ; 

Fled, my swords shrive ! Caracul and his host have, 

I I I I 

Across the plain, and over the height tops. 

I I II 

As wraiths of the night, in their shining vestures, 

Over the slope, they as lightnings onsped, 

' 1,1 

Neath the soft breezes, that blew from the westward. 

With woods in bright beams, of light round about 
them 

I II I . 

Hush ! is you, a voice I am hearing. 

Or a sweet sound, of gladdening breezes 

I III 

That down from grey cairns, are softly breathing 

Thro' my own glen, with its wiuding hillsides. 
Co valla now for the first time realises tliat 
it is Fingal in all his manhood who is near her, 
and she thus addresses him — 

CoVALLA. 

Conn's chant. 

I I I 

" My chief, with fame great returning, 

I I I 

Who haat my fond heart all thine own, 

joyfully take me beside thee, 

To where we will find our repose." 



Fingal replies- 



lain chrirllic. 



" Yes, my own loved one, come thou with me, 

I I I I 

Sped has the storm, and aglow are the sunbeams. 

Come thou where, we find repose will, 

III I 

Huntress bold, of the high forest's cold ben." 

CoVALLA. 

Conn's chant. 

I I I 

" Then come thou hast, my brave darling, 

I I.I 

With a name that afar is renowned. 

Thy arm fast holds me in love's clasp, 

I I . I 

My hero, my champion, my own. 

Under thy shade I will rest me. 

Behind thy fond sheltering form, 

I I I 

Till hither my spirit return makes, 

I I I 

That from fear is now floating around.* 

In tuneful strains the most joyous 

I I I 

The harp's strings cause gaily to sound, 

I I I 

And ye maidens of eyelashes fairest 

I. I.I 

Duans raise to ennoble his fame. 

Dersegrina. 
" Ho )■(!.' mo nighean donn hhuklliearh." 

I I I 

" On the heath by Covalla three deer fell. 

On high in the breeze a bright fire burns. 

To the maiden's spread feast joyful come, then. 

I II 

King of Morven of wood-claden cairns. 

* This has mostly been translated as. ' ' from fear that 
is swimming around." This, however, is nonsense, and 
the above is evidently the connect one. It is of no im- 
portance as to the fact of her spirit being absent from her 
body and soul, as either equally shows that to have 
been the case. The Gaelic, "A nail" is decisive as to 
this. 

(Z'o he continued). 



MACCRORIES or RORISONS:— 

Can you tell me if the "M'Crorie's"' are a distinct 

Clan, and if the "Rorison's" are a connection of same? 

Greenock. T. D. RoRISON. 



182 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



THE CHIEFTAINSHIP OF THE CLAN 
MACKINNON. 



'S RIOGHAIL MO DHREAM. 

" Sliwhd nan rijrhribh diithchasach 
Bha shios ann an Diin-staighineis, 
Aijt an robh criin na h-Alba o thus, 
"S a\^ a bheil duthchas fathast ris," 



Junior Constitutional Club, 
London, W., 9th May, 1894. 

Sir, — I shall be obliged if you will allow the 
insertion in your interesting Magazine of a few 
lines in reply to Mr. Duncan Mackinnon's article 
on the above subject. It is lamentable, but no 
less a fact, that there are five or six claimants to 
that honour. It is manifestly an impossibility that 
they have all a right to the distinction of Chief of 
the Clan. It is desirable that all interested in this 
subject should come to an agreement to .settle it 
once for all. A divided house is most deplorable. 

The Clan Mackinnon is increasing and multiplying 
to such a degree that we may look forward ere long, 
if not already arrived at that point, of wishing 
])ossibly to raise a regiment of the Clan to tight for 
Queen and Country, as our forefathers did in times 
long ago. But we must have the Chief, whom we 
shall agree to follow as the legitimate head. 

I, in common with others, am unable to follow 
the premises laid down by Mr. Duncan Mackinnon, 
or the interesting and able work of the author on 
" Clan Fingon." Others have written on the same 
theme, and altogether diverse opinions have ap- 
peared, proving that there is a great hiatus to be 
filled up before we can settle the disputed point. 
At all events let us in a friendly spirit endeavour 
to solve this question as soon as possible, and in 
accord with justice and right, without attacking 
anyone, till we have found truth, which surely will 
not elude (Uir grasp. 

With the view of making a beginning let me say 
what 1 know, which the circumstance that a large 
number of documents, papers, and letters of an 
ancient character came into my possession not long 
ago, bearing on tlie "trunk," enable me. Now, none, 
so far as I am aware, has ever disputed the direct 
descent of the Chiefs which had their home in the Isle 
of Skye. \\'itho\it going further back let me name 
my great great grandfather, John Mackiinion of 
Mackinnon, of Strathaird, and Mishnich. His son, 
who succeeded him in the Chieftainship, was Charles 
Mackinnon of Mackinnon, who married Ale.fandra, 
daughter of John MacLeod, yoiniger of MacLeod', 
and sister of Colonel, afterwards General MacLeod, 
of Dunvegan Castle, Skye ; of this marriage were a 
daughter, Mary Emilia(«-lio married my grandfather, 
Alexander Mackinnon, Banker at Najiles, during 
the time that Sir William and Lady Hamilton were 
there), ami John, the Chief im the death of his 
father in 1H08, in London, and who had made an 
elibrt to recover the estates. This very interesting 
document is in the possession uf a mend)cr of our 
Clan. 



Mary Emilia Mackinnon was married to Alexander 
Mackinnon at Edinburgh, on the 5th of October, 
179'J; of this marriage was my father, Chai-les 
Villiers Mackimum, who when nuite a lad, accom- 
jianied his father to Buenos Ayres. 

Going back to Charles Mackinnon of Mackinnon, 
I have printed documents of the tiiue, where is set 
forth his title of Chief in Courts of Law in Scotland, 
and no one attempted to (piestion the point. But 
in fact the above author agrees to the issue of the 
direct line of my family ; and even the late Mr. 
William Alexander Mackinnon respected it, for we 
find he did not register his patent of Chieftainship 
at Edinburgh till 1811, after the death of my great 
uncle, John Mackinnon of Mackinnon. 

Having said so nnich I would suggest that all 
claimants should agree to submit their claims to 
experts, with all documentary evidence, and resolve 
to abide by their decision. 

^'ours truly, 
Alex. K. Macki.n.non. 

LORD REAY AND THE CUTTIE STOOL. 

Sir,— At page 91 of Vol. I. Cdtic Monthly, the 
Rev. Donald Masson, M.D., states that the" Rev. 
Murdoch MacDonald, of Durness, " made the Lord 
Reay of his day do penance on the cuttie stool." 
It is a pity that the Rev. gentleman did not verify 
his statement before aspersing the character of a 
nobleman unique in his character of charity and 
mercy, and of whom Rob Donn — the Juvenal of 
the Highlands — could say : 

" 'S ioniadh buille bha crfliteach, 

A rinn am hks thoirt dhuinn. 

.\ir chosd gheu^an do thea^hlaich, 

Gun athadb bonn do na einn ; 

Ach cha deaoh' uiread do throcair 

A chur fo 'n fhud ri uio linn, 

'S a ehaidh chdradh 's an t6nm, 

'S e Morair Domhnull Mac.^oidh." 
Lady Reay sought to coerce the Rev. Mr. Mac- 
Donald to relax the discipline of the church in 
favur of one of her maids, whose frailty had come 
prominently before the parish, but the stern dis- 
ciplinarian was immovable, and Sheritt' Forbes was 
instructed to enforce compliance with her Ladyship's 
demands. The good man heeded the Sheritt" as 
little as he did Lady Reay, when the purity of the 
churches ordinances was assailed, and the frail 
damsel did the required penance before she was 
allowed to cover her folly by the matrimonial veil. 
Lord Reay needed no such expurgation as the Rev. 
writer implies. 

The memory of the Lords of Reay is still dear to 
Durness men ; the family traditions have been 
woven into their very being ; they are looking 
hopefully to the time when a democratic Legislature 
shall restore the soil of the British Islands to its 
original owners, and re-establish the Lord of Reay 
in his ancestral home to rule over the renniant of 
his people. The peasantry will then take up the 
wonls of Rub Dunn and sing with all the enthusiasm 
of a rc-invigurated patriotic fervor, of a time when 
prosperity favoured the straths and glens, once 
teeming with loyal .and devoted adherents, (now, 
unhappily, the home of sheep and deer, and of 
south country sliejiherds and game protectors) 

" Bha barraii tronia tir at^ainn, 

Bha tormlh fridh i» fuirj,' af;ainn." 

Yours truly, 
London. (Captain) W. Morrison. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



183 



R E V I E W S. 



History of the MacKenzies, by Alexander 
MacKenzie, M.J. I., new, revised and extended 
Edition. Inverness : A. & W. MacKenzie. 

The fact that a new edition of tins work has 
already been demanded goes a long way to 
prove its historic value and importance as a 
book of reference. But this is not only a new 
edition, but virtually a new book containing as 
it does over two hundred pages more than the 
former issue. The origin of this clan has long been 
a matter of dispute, but Mr. MacKenzie in this 
edition completely refutes the Irish origin of the 
clan, tracing it to the famous family of the Earl 
of Ross. As might be expected in elucidating 
tlie history of the clan the author throws con- 
siderable light on the actions of other clans, as 
well as upon various historic incidents connected 
with the Highlands. In this way the work 
before us is such as cannot be overlooked by 
anyone who would study the history of the 
Highland people thoroughly. The question of 
chiefship is discussed at some length and dis- 
posed of in a satisfactory manner, the dignity 
belonging to Mr. James Fowler MacKenzie of 
AUangrange. The work as a whole is a monument 
of perseverance, for the amount of labour and 
research entailed in producing such a history 
must have been enormous, and the task which 
Mr. MacKenzie set before him has been per- 
formed with wonderful accuracy and faithfulness. 
In addition to a copious index we have an 
excellent portrait of the author and a coloured 
reproduction of the MacKenzie tartan. We 
cordially recommend the volume not only to 
members of the clan but to all who are 
interested in matters Celtic. 

Summer Tours in Scotland by David 
MacBrayne's Royal Mail Steamers. 

The Official Guide for this Royal Route has 
just been issued for the present season. It 
contains a vast amount of reliable information 
regarding places of historic interest in the High- 
lands, as well as valuable hints and carefully 
compiled sailing-tables setting forth how and 
when these places can be reached. We have 
several clearly printed maps, and a large number 
of excellent views, while the printing and 
general get up of the Guide is all that could be 
desired. To the thousands who patronize Mr. 
MacBrayne's Steamers the work must prove 
invaluable, being at once a pleasant as well as a 
reliable companion. 

A Brief Account of tue Clan Donnacii- 
AiDH, with Notes on its History and 
Traditions, by Davidson, F.S.A., Scot. — The 
author explains that this work was read at a 
meeting of the clan society, and was published 



at the desire of the members. It contains a 
brief history of the clan, in which its salient 
points are emphasised, and a light thrown upon 
matters which were before obscure. Some 
curious facts are given which are no doubt new 
to most Highlanders. The author quotes a 
tradition to the effect that what historians liave 
described as a body of camp followers whose 
])resence on Gillies Hill decided the Battle of 
Bannockburn, were really the clan Donnachaidh, 
who had hastened to take part in the great 
contest. Altogether the book is a most interest- 
ing one, the illustrations and covers of the clan 
tartan being very pretty. It is a work which 
we have every confidence in recommending to 
our readers. 

The Clan Cameron, by John Cameron, J.P., 
— This handsome volume consists of a brief 
sketch of the history and traditions of the 
Cameron clan, with short notices of eminent 
clansmen. Mr. Cameron devoted a great deal 
of time and research in preparing this contri- 
bution to the clan's history, and he has managed 
to condense into a limited space a great deal of 
curious and valuable information. Almost every 
topic of clan interest has been touched upon, 
tradition, poetry, antiquities, etc., all receiving 
attention. The book contains fourteen full page 
))ortraits of distinguished members of the clan, 
which add a special value to it. Mr. Cameron 
deserves to be congratulated on the valuable 
contribution which he has made to the literature 
of his clan, and we feel sure that it will be read 
with interest by Highlanders of all clans, for it 
is a work which should be on every Highland- 
er's bookshelf. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 



AiRiiRiE Highland Association. — The usual 
monthly meeting was held on 2nd ult., when it was 
arranged that the annual trip was to take place on 
21st June, to Aberfoyle. A large turnout of mem- 
bers and friends is expected. 

Clan Macleod Society. — The third annual 
social gathering of the Clan Macleod Society was 
held in the Athenaium Hall, Macleod of Macleod, 
Chief of the clan, presided, and there was a large 
attendance. In the absence of the president (Rev. 
Donald Macleod), the seci-etary (Mr. Peter Mac- 
Leod), presented an address of welcome to the 
Chief. Macleod of Macleod, who had a most cordial 
reception, in reply said he was not going to say 
much about the Highlands. The society was a 
non-political one, but he desired to say that the 
Macleods must all have an immense interest in the 
country with which they had been connected for 
hundreds of years. It was a beautiful but poor 
country, and they had to search for fame and for- 
tune elsewhere. He had a very great regard and 
respect for the people who lived in that country. 



is-t 



THE CKLTR' MONTHLY 



He was himself bom at Dunvegan, and he hoped 
to spend his later years there. A programme of 
music w;is i^one through, and other addresses were 
delivered. 

EmxBrKuH SrxHEKLAXD AssoriATioN. — The 
monthly meeting of the Association was held on 
Friday, 4th May, when there was a large turn out 
of meinbers to hear a most interesting paper from 
Mr. Alexander Mackay, upon his early recollections 
of Sutherland. These recollections dealt with many 
of the customs and manners of the people of Suther- 
land in the tirst part of this century, customs which 
have now considerably changed. Mr. Mackay's 
paper was characteristic throughout, and was much 
appreciated. 

At the previous meeting in April the paper was 
upon "The Ancient Forests of the Highlands" by 
Mr. George Morrison, which was also an interesting 
and instructive contribution. An important report 
by .^^r. Hugh Mackay, M. .\. , the educational secret- 
ary, in regard to the present position of the 
Association's efforts to assist education in the 
county, was further considered. 

Gl-Wcow Cowal Society. — The 29th annual 
general business meeting of this society was held 
in the Religious Institution Rooms on Friday 
evening— the chair being occupied by Mr. John 
Black, president. From the secretary's report it 
appears there are at present 330 members on the 
roll, being an increase of 32 during tlie year. The 
treasurers statement indicated that the income for 
the year amounted to £120 7s 6d, and the expendi- 
ture' to .£95 4s 6d, of which the sum of £'86 5s was 
[paid to pensionei-s, who at present number 22. The 
capital of the society now amounts to £854 13s Cd, 
being an increase of £25 33 during the year. The 
following are the office-bearers for the ensuing year : 
Hon. President, Mr. Jas Waddell, Invereck, Kil- 
malcolm ; president, Mr. Thos. Dunlop ; vice- 
president, Mr. James MacKellar ; treasurer, Mr. 
Donald Alurray, 152a Stobcross Street ; secretary, 
Mr. Robert Murray, 103 Kent Road ; and nine 
directors. 

As CoMUXJJ Gaidheaiai'H. — A meeting of the 
e.xecutive council of this association took place in 
Oban. Among the more important business was 
the appointment of judges for the coming Mod, to 
be held in Oban, in September next, the adjustment 
of the prize-list, conditions of competition, and 
list of part songs and solos therefor. Competitors 
(uxcejit in choral competition) who have already 
taken tirst prizes two years in succession, are e.\ 
cludeil from competition at this Mod. Besides the 
usual prizes by the association, the following special 
ones have been ottered : — Two Gold Medals, value 
£5, by the burgh of Oban, for best male and female 
soloists; £5 53 by the Highland Society of London 
for best original (Jaelic prose comi)osition ; £5 5s 
by Ml-. John Mackay, C.E., Hereford, for best 
original Gaelic poetrj- ; £10 by Lord Archibald 
Campbell for solos accompanied by the Highland 
harporcliirsach; £1 Is by Mr. C. Fraser-Mackintosh, 
and £2 by Mr. William Birkmyre, M.P., Ayr 
Burglis. It was arranged that a number of the 
Iirizes should be given in the form of books. It 
Wiis also agreed that the Mod should take place on 
the d.iy iireceding the Highland Games, and that a 
concert should be held in the evening as usual. 
The Mod promises to be a success in every way. 




Clax Macmillan 
Society. — The annual 
meeting of the Clan Mac- 
niillan Society was held 
on Thursday, 26th April, 
in the Christian Institute, 
Mr. Daniel .M a c m i 1 1 a n, 
president, in tlie chair. 
The secretary and treasu- 
rer submitted their annual reports, which showed 
the Society to be in a flourishing condition. Rev. 
Dr. M;icmillan, LL.D., Greenock, was re-elected 
chief, and Rev. Donald JMacmillan, M.A., Kelvin- 
haugh Parish Church, chai)lain. ~ Messrs. Arch. 
Macmillan, Saltcoats ; James Macmillan, Vulcan 
Ironworks ; ex-Provost Macmillan. Rothesay ; and 
Frederick Macmillan, publisher, London, were 
reelected chieftains. 31r. Daniel Macmillan was 
reelected president ; Mr. Archd. Macmillan, secre- 
tary ; and Mr. Donaldj Macmillan, was elected 
tre!.S'n-er, 




ARCHIBALD MACMILLAN. 
Chieft.mn, Clan MacMillan Society. 




JOHN MACMILLAN, J.P 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

4 M4G4ZINE FOS HIGHLANDEfiS. 



No. 10. Vol. IL] 



Fc;:"cd by JOMM MACKAY. Kingston. 

JULY, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 




SKETCH OF THE FAMILY OF 
MACMILLAN OF BROOKLOCH. 

|^Tn||HE time at which the 
yf^ Maoniillans came to 
^^*^ the South is a matter 
of controversy. One writer 
tliinks they came into Gallo- 
way from Argyllshire aftei- 
the death of Alexander HI. 
(A.D. 128G), but it is prob- 
able they were located there 
previous to that date. When Malcolm IV. 
broke up some of the clans about the year 
1260 the Macmillans were shifted from Moray- 
shire, and ic is generally believed a branch of 
the clan was sent direct into Kirkcudbrightshire, 
where tliey acquired large possessions. They 
originally held their land by the tenure called 
" Manrent," but afterwaids King Robert the 
Bruce created the chief. Baron of Ken, and gave 
hiiii a charter of liis lands to be held " Blanche 
of the Crown." The chief was Macmillan of 
Brockloch, in tlie parish of Carsphairn, and Mr. 
Macmillan of Holm of Dalquhairn in Carsphairn 
and Glencrosh, in Dumfries .shire, is the i-epre- 
sentative of this old family. 

The estates of Holm and Brockloch were 
united in 1741 by the marriage of David Mac- 
millan of the former and Marion Macmillan of 
the latter. Brockloch remained in the possession 
of the family till 1831, when it unfortunately 
pa.ssed into other hands. 

The most important of the cadet branches of 
this family is that connected with the property 
of Lamloch in Carsphairn. In 1S03 Thomas, 
third son of David Macmillan of Brockloch, 
acquired by purchase the lands of Lamloch and 
Drumanister. He married Miss Jean Boyle. 
He died in 1831 and was succeeded by his only 
son James, who ])urchased the lands of Changue, 
Lc^;ton, and Craigmulloch, in the parish of 



Barr, Ayrshire, and Corridow in Dumfries-.shire. 
He married in 1835 Catherine, daughter of the 
Jiev. William M'Call of Caifcloch, Dumfrie.s- 
shire, by whom he had issue, five sons and one 
daughter, viz : — Thomas of Changue and Lo.\- 
ton; William of Lamloch; Samuel of Carridow; 
James of Craigmulloch ; David of Drumanister; 
and Katherine. 

Thomas Macmillan of Changue died in 187.3 
and was succeeded by his elder son David, who 
is a Justice of the Peace for Ayrshire. William 
.Macmillan of Lamloch is also a Justice, and 
County Councillor for the parishes of Carsphairn 
and Kells in Galloway. 

The last recorded appearance of the South- 
country clan was in assisting .James, Earl of 
Douglas, against James II. , anno 144.3. About 
the year 1G62 John Macmillan of Brockloch 
was lined £360 for non-conformity to Prelacy 
and adherence to the National Covenant, which 
was then declared unlawful. In Carsphairn 
Churchyard are many old Covenanting Grave- 
stones. One of them believed to belong to the 
]\Iacmillans runs thus : — 

M. M. 

VOV . TRAVLKRS . AS . YOV . PAS.S . I!V 

COMK . RKAl) . AND . DO . NOT . KKAK 
I'OR . DOVN . BUr.OV . THIS . STON . DOTH . I,\ 

TRVTH's . niA.MPlON . K\ HIRD . HKUK 
AI.THONGII . III.S . 150NS . IIELO . THIS . sTO\ 

DO . PICE . AND . PICE . DECAY 
HIS . .SOVI, . IX . HEAVEN . Ol' . OLORV . SllAI. 

ANE . DEDM . VEAR . KOK . AV. 

The in.scription of another Gravestone is 
headed by the Macmillan Family Arms and 
runs thus : — 

I. M. ; K. L. 

UROKLOCH . M'MILLAN . WHO . DID . DIE 
UNDER . THIS . STONE . HIS . BOIJV . DOTH . LV 
HIS . SOUL . AT . IIEAV'nLV . WORK . AHOVR 
WITH . THE.M . WHOSE . FAITH . HERE . WROUGHT 

BY . LOVE 
MOST . USEFUL . WAS . In's . DAY . AND . STATION 
IN . DEFENCE . OF . OIU . REFORMATION 
GREAT . PROOFE . HE . (;AVK . AT . ALL . FIT . II.MES 



1(5(5 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



FOR . THEM . THIN-GS . OXCE . CALL D . HIGHEST 

CRIMES 
XOU . he's . GONE . UP . ON . JACOb's . LAD'r 
TO . PRAISE . KING . CHRIST . THE . MEDIATOR 
CLOTIl'l) IS , HE . NOU . IN . A . WHITE . ROBE 
WITH . THEM . THAT . STILL . SING . PRAISE . TO . GOD 

VIRTUS . EIUS . POST . FUNERA . VIVIT. 
OBIT . 2S . FBB : 1725 . ANNO . EIUS. 

.trATis . 61. 

John Macmillan of Brockloch ami llolni died 
in 1830 leaving Holm to his eldest son Robert, 
and Bi'ockloch to his younger son John. Robert 
Macmillan married Mary Goldie, daughter of 
Jaiues Goldie of Stonehouse and Marbrack, and 
great-great grand-daughter of Bonnie Annie 
Laurie. He died in 1858 and was succeeded by 
his elder son J ohn, whose portrait accompanies 
this sketch. He was born in 1833 and was 
educated at Glasgow High School. He is a 
Justice of the Peace for the Counties of 
Dumfries and Kirkcudbright. 

The Arms of the Family are " Argent on a 
Chevron between three Mullets, sable ; as many 
Besants, or" 

Crest — A Lion rampant, bearing in his hand 
a bloody dagger. 

Motto — " Age aut peri." 

„,.„,,„.„ Archibald MacMillan. 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. 



THE CHIEFTAINSHIP OF THE CLAN 
MACKINNON. 



Sir.— If the letter of Mr. Alexander Kendall 
MacKinnon published in the June number 
of the " Celtic Monthly" is intended to infer that 
he considers himself to have a claim to the Chief- 
ship of his Clan, it would be better at once to tell 
him briefly tliiit his ))osition is quite untenable and 
this on his own shewing. I do not desire to point 
this out in an unfriendly spirit, and doubtless Mr. 
A. K. MacKiimon's long residence in South America 
may have put him a little out of touch, so to speak, 
with the subject of Clan pedigrees. He traces his 
descent from Charles, last Chief but one in the 
direct line. Charles had a son John, the last direct 
Chief, who died at Leith in 1808 (not in London), 
and unmarried. Charles had an only daughter, 
who married Alexander MacKinnon of Naples, a 
clansman having no place on any recognised tree 
or claim to the Chieftainshij). The Lady was Mr. A. 
K. MacKinnon's paternal grandmother. Plainly, 
therefore, Mr. A. K. MacKinnon can have no claim 
to the dignity since he traces through the female line. 
The late Mr. W. A. MacKinnon, M. I'., "respected" 
the direct line of Mr. A. jK. MacKinnon's grand- 
mother's family — because until the Chief John, 
above alluded to, died, tlie Antigua branch of 
wliicli lie became head, liad naturally no title. 
A .slight inaccuracy on the i)art of Mr. A. K. 



MacKinnon must here be set right. The late 
Mr. W. A. MacKinnon stircrded his (iriiiidfuthei-, 
Mllllam, who died at Bintield, Berks, in" 1809, 
aged 77 years, and who thus was actually Chief 
for one year after the death of John, 1808, 
but for obvious reasons he would not have regis- 
tered his patent. Mr. A. K. MacKinnon seems 
to doubt the rights of the Antigua family. Besides 
the jjatent allowed in 1811, there is the testimony 
of si.x trees ranging from the early part of last 
century to the time of Donald Gregory. All these 
agree in tracing the Antigua family to Donald or 
Daniel, second son of Lachlan Mor, which is all 
that is wanted to establish the claim. Lachlan 
Mor, who lived in the reign of Charles II., for 
whom he fought at the Battle of Worcester, 1G51, 
and Donald, who was taken prisoner, emigrated to 
Antigua on his liberation, and from whom the 
Antigua family is descended, and William Alex- 
ander, who registered his patent of "Ensign 
Armorial " as Chief, granted three years after the 
death of John already alluded to, might be suthcient 
to remove all doubt on the subject, the necessary 
documentary proof having been admitted by the 
Lord Lyon, in whose office the Certificates of 
Births and Marriages up to Lachlan Mor can be 
examined. In Bath Abbey there lies a slab stone 
on which is a Coat of Arms, viz ; — that of 
" MacKinnon " (with the bordure and crescent for 
difterence). " To the memoiy of William Mac- 
Kinnon, Esq., son of Daniel MacKiimon, second 
son of Lachlan Mor MacKinnon, Chief of 
MacKinnon, who died, October the 8th, 1767, aged 
70 years." This gentleman was father of William 
MacKinnon, who became Chief in 1808 on the 
faihire of the direct line, and great-great grandfather 
of the present Chief's father, William Alexander 
MacKinnon, Esq., of Acryse Place, Folkestone, Kent. 
I trust these few notes may satisfy Mr. A. K. Mac- 
Kinnon, for I am not anxious to disturb the harmony 
which is annually becoming more and more marked 
among the members of the Clan, [irincipally throiigh 
the instrumentality of the newly formed Clan 
Society, of which 1 am happy to say Mr. A. K. 
MacKinnon is a member. 



Glasgow. 



Duncan MacKinnon. 



DESCENDANTS OF ALLAN CAMERON. 



Sir, — Can any of your readers state, authen- 
tically, whether Allan Cameron, — who married 
Jean M'Gregor in lOtiG — brother of Ewon after- 
wards Sir Ewen XVII. of Lochiel, had any children, 
and Lf so, their names and what became of them. 

D. C. 

THE MACKITCHIES, MACCROSTIES, 
MACGUFFIES, AND GORRIES. 



Sll^ — Could you or any of your readers tell me 
anything in regard to the Ritchies or MacRitchies, 
MacCrosties, MacGutiies, and also the Gorries ( 
Are they Highland Clans, or septs of Clans I The 
first is a [iretty common name in the Long Island, 
in Perth, and Argyllshire. I shall bo glad of any 
information as to their origin. 

Yours truly. 



TITR CRLTIC MONTHLY. 



1S7 



THE LAST MACOONALDS OF ISLA. 



+ •■-j: 






By Charles Fraser-Maokintosfi, F.S.A. (Scot.) 
Part VIII.— Bond of the Men of Isla ; and 

THE MacDoNALDS OF ANTRIM. 

{Continued from page 177). 

" ^^J^iOR it shall lie known, I shall seek mi nther 
\j'Sp(|; rafui^e but onl}- your Majesty's cleiiiency, 
'■jll*iij nor no other living, Imt that which your 
Majesty's princely liberality, it shall 
please your Highness bestow npon me as at uioj-e 
length, the bearer 
will inform your 
Majesty, and so I 
beseech God to bless 
your Highness with 
a long and prosper- 
ous reign, your 
Majesty's most 
humble servant, 
(Signed), Angus 
M'Connal of Duni- 
vaig. From lylaye, 
the tent of Septem- 
ber, 1606." 

About this per- 
iod the following 
afl'ecting supplica- 
tion was sent to 
the Council, 
whereof a facsim- 
ile is given. The 
spelling is modern- 
ized : — 

'•My Lords of 
Secret Council, 
please your Lord- 
ships to understand 
that we the tenants 
and under sub- 
scribers testify ami 
approve to your 
Lordships that 
Angus M'Connell 
of Dunivaig and his 
f6rbears have been 
native superiors 
above us under His 
Majesty's hands 
and grace. Now 
therefore we crave 
of your Lordships' 
grace in respect of 

his native kindness of superiority over us, and 
specially seeing has nothing to say against him, but 
using us well, in all maimer of form, and is willing 
to keep all good order that his Majesty and your 
Lordships will lay to his charge, therefore we 
beseech your Lordships for the cause of God to let 
us have our o\vn native said Master your subject 
during his lifetime, and thereafter his eldest son 
and heir Sir James. This we beseech your Lord- 
ships to do for God's cause, as we are ever bound 
to pray for your Lordships standing. We rest at 




V; 






Yllaye the day of . Your 

Lordships subjects to be commanded with service, 
(signed), Neil M'Ky, Officer of the Rinns, with my 
hand; Neil M'Kay, younger ; Hector Mactavish in 
Kinibos ; Archibald Makduphee in Ballijonen ; 
Donald Makduphee in Killicolmane ; Neil Neonach 
Makduphee in Migirnes ; Archibald Makduphee 
of Skerolsay ; Malcolme Makphersone in Mullin- 
drie ; Lauchlane Makirini levin in Gronozort ; 
Neill Makphetera of Kepposiche ; Donald Maktav- 
ish of Ardacheriche ; Hew M'Ky of Killikeran ; 
Donald MakGoin of Esknis." 

No satisfactory reply was made. Angus' 
name appears occasionally thereafter at meetings 
of Western High- 
land Potentates, 
and heading the 
Lists. But restora- 
tion was not to be ; 
and baffled and 
unsupported 
Angus Macdonald 
on 1st January, 
16 12, for the 
trifling sum of 
6000 merks re- 
nounced in favour 
of Sir John Camp- 
bell of Calder all 
his rights to Islay, 
and dying shortly 
thereafter, is re- 
ferred to in 161-1, 
as "u m q u h i 1 e 
Angus Macdonald 
called of Duny- 
vaig." 



C?t 




SS^. 



MacDonnells op 
Antrim. 

Although in 
part anticipating 
events, a brief 
account of the de- 
scendantsof Sorley 
buie may be 
given. He had 
by Mary, daughter 
of Con, first Earl 
of Tyrone, several 
sons, the elde.st, 
Donald was killed in 158.5; the second, Alex- 
ander was subsequently taken prisoner, executed 
and his head placed over one of the gates in 
Dublin. The father having occasion to go to 
that City, an English officer cruelly brought him 
to this gate and jjointed to the head, whereupon, 
alluding to the power and influence of his family, 
Sorley said with dignity " my son hath many 
heads." The third son was James, the fourth 



IF THE MEN OF ISLA. 



ISS 



THE CELTTO MONTHLY, 



Randal, fifth Anjjus, and sixth Lother. Mary 
O'Neill died 15Si', and Sorley died in 1500, 
succeeded hy his third son James, afterwards 
Sir James Macdonnell, who married Mary 
O'Neill, daughter of Phelim of Claunaboye. 
This Sir James came to Scotland and made 
some claims to the Isla Estates in 1597. He 
was well received by James Vf. by whom he 
was Knighted, and received a grant of twenty- 
two merks of land in the south-west of Kintyre, 
of which the principal messuage was (JuUelungart. 
These lands formed part of the Isla possessions. 
In an old Chronicle it is said of Sir James, he 
Avas " ane bra uian of ])er.son and behaxiour, but 
had not the 
Scots tongue, 
nor nae lan- 
guage but 
Erse." It is re- 
ported of Rory 
Mor Mackod of 
Macleod that 
■when he either 
paid a visit, or 
was summoned 
to appear in 
London before 
King James, he 
like Sir James 
Macdonnell had 
no English, and 
the conversa- 
tion between 
them was 
carried on in 
Latin. It 
turned out sat- 
isfactory, per- 
haps llory com- 
plimented the 
Royal pedant 
in his mastery 
of the language 
but be that as 
it may, Rory 
departed from 
t li e Royal 
audience as Sir 

Rory. Sir James died Easter Monday 1601, 
not witiiout suspicion of being poisoned, and 
according to the Four Masters " the most 
distinguished of the Clan Donnell, either in 
peac(- or war." Altho' Sir James had several 
sons, his brother Randal was immediately 
recognised as chief. Having been fostered and 
V)rought up in Arran he was known in Ireland 
as " Arranach " and beitig more of a politician 
than a soldiffr, became a warm supporter of the 
English interest after Elizabeth's death. King 
Ja;iits conferred the honour of Knighthood; and 




ShX'OXIl t:.\l!l. .XMi KIltST .MAIil.MIS or ANTlilM. 



re-granted, and on L'Gth Maj', 1 603, confirmed him 
in upwards of .'500,000 acres of land in Antrim. 
He married, about 1604, Alice O'Neill, daughter 
of Hugh, Earl of Tyrone and niece of the Earl 
of Tyrone, and surrounded by enemies he had 
great difficultly in maintining his position. He 
was confirmed in the Kintyre lands of his late 
brother, and had a tack of seven years of Isla, 
receiving no benefit. Always favoured by King 
James, he in iiOth June, 1618, was created 
Vi.scount Dunluee, and on l:ith December, 16l?0, 
Earl of Antrim. The Kintyre Estates of the 
Macdonalds fell into the hands of James 
Campbell, son by his second marriage of the 
"A p o state" 
Earl of Argyle, 
created Lord 
C a n t i r e in 
1622. Like his 
relative Calder, 
in the case of 
Isla, Lord Can- 
tire soon found 
that their ac- 
(juisitions were 
unprofitable, 
and desired to 
get rid of them. 
Lord Cantire 
first offered the 
lands to his 
senior half- 
brother, Lord 
Lorn, w h o 
declined to ))ur- 
chase. T h e 
Earl of Antrim 
then c a m e 
forward, agreed 
with Lord 
Cantire and 
paid down 
.£1,500 sterling 
of the price. 
Upon t li i s 
coming to the 
ears of Lord 
Lorn, he was 
easures to stop the Karl 
lands, and used every 



furious, took fonibli 
being infeft in th 

exertion and remonstrance within his power 
with the ruling powers in Scotland to prevent 
the Earl of Antrim from getting possession. 
Th(! Earl however was infeft on 16th January, 
163.'"); and in answer to Lord Lorn's threats 
stated that he was one of the remainder men 
under Queen Mary's Charter to James Mac- 
donald of Isla, was the successor of his brotlier 
Sir James who had po.sse.ssion of part of Kintyre, 
and he had bought them when for open sale 




GEORGE MUNRO 



THE OET/riC MONTHLY. 



IS'.t 



by Lord Canlire. In reply to a specitic charge 
by Lord Lorn, that if he got possession he would 
be representing, nourisliing and maintaining the 
ancient papists, and troublesome Macdonald 
Islanders, who had been happily suppressed. 
Lord Antrim stated that he and his jiredecessors 
had welcomed and given shelter to Scottish 
people on his Irish Estates, not enquiring as to 
their religion; and as regarded Kintyre and the 
Macdonalds that there had been such wholesale 
evictions and clearances, since the Campbells 
acquired possession, that only two three Mac- 
donalds, in very humble circumstances remained. 
But all was of no avail, Lord Lorn now Earl 
afterwards Manjuis of Argyle, worthy son of 
him regarding whom it was said 

"Now Earl of Guile, and Lord For Lorn thou goes 
Leaving thy Native Prince to serve bis foes ; 
No faith in plaids, no truth in tartan trews. 
Chameleon like, they change a thousand hues." 

was up till 1660 all powerful, and thedisraemberer 
of the great County of Inverness, easily defeated 
Lord Antrim. By the time of the restoration, 
it was too late to recover Kintyre. The tirst 
Earl of Antrim died at Dnnluce, lOth September, 
1636, leaving two sons and six daughters, and 
by the kindness of the present Earl of Antrim, 
I am enabled to give the poitrait of the second 
Earl and first Marquis of Antrim, preserved at 
Glenarm Castle, to whom reference will be made 
later on. This great man, born in 1609, was in 
use to relate himself, that he wore neither hat, 
cap, shoe, nor stocking till seven or eiglit years 
old, being bred "in the old Highland way." 



THE LATE GEORGE MUNRO, 
BOLTON. 



|nra|HIS notable Sutherlander was born at 
X^ EveUx, in the Parish of Dornoch, in 
•^^S* 1832, and was educated at KosehaU 
School, his parents having removed to the farm 
of Invemanld in that district. At the age of 
nineteen, when stUl undecided as to his future 
career, his imcle, Mr. James Hall, who had 
made a considerable fortune in the Sugar 
Plantations of Jamaica, returned home to 
Sutherland, and thi-ough his intervention Mr. 
Munro obtained his first situation with Messrs. 
Findlater and Mackie of Manchester, and soon 
raised himself to a position of trust by his 
abihtj' and application. 

In 1860 he started business on his own 
account, and so successful did the venture soon 
become that ui five years he was able to 



jjurohase the property in which his place of 
business was situated. At this time he was 
ably assisted by his schoolfellow and friend. 
Mr. Alexander Boss, now qf Leicester, who 
after leaving Mr. Munro has had a very success- 
ful career. No keener sportsman than Alec Ross 
is knowii on the moors and rivers of his native 
comity, and his friend Mr. William Black, the 
celebrated novelist, has instanced him in several 
of his works as the model of a true sportsman. 
In 186-4, in partnership with his cousin Mr. 
John Forsyth, a branch of the business was 
successfully established in Blackburn, and a 
fiu-ther extension was made two years later, 
when the present large and important concern 
in Hanley was commenced. In this latter 
enterprise he was fortunate to secure as partner 
a fellow clansman, Mr. John Munro, a native 
of Clashmore, Dornoch, who now, as surviving 
partner, possesses the Staftbrdshire portion of 
the business. 

In politics Mr. Munro was an ardent Liberal, 
and for three years, 1886-9, represented the 
Exchange Ward in the Bolton Coimeil Cham- 
ber, and was the respected Chairman of the 
Ward Lil)eral Association. He was also a 
member and generous supporter of the St. 
Andrews Presbyterian Church. Mr. Mimro 
always cherished a strong attachment to his 
native county, and was a life member of the 
Edinburgh Sutherland Association, to whose 
Jubilee (Victoria) Bursary Fund he contributed 
a very handsome donation. 

Li 1863 Mr. Munro married Miss Isabella 
Waugh of Lochmalien, Dumfries-shire, and had 
tliree sons and four daughters, who survive him. 
In this lady Mr. Munro found in the highest 
sense a helpmeet ; who by her gentle con- 
sideration, and readiness to help and comfort 
all with whom she came in contact, endeared 
herself to a large circle of friends. 

On the Sunday following Mr. Mimro's funeral, 
the Kev. T. B. Johnstone of St. Andi'ews Church, 
in addressing his mouruLug cougi'egation said — 
" after a long and painful illness our dear friend 
Mr. George Munro, who has been so honourably 
connected with this congregation for over thirty 
fom* years, during the greater part of which 
time he was member of the Deacons' Court and 
Treasurer of the Church, has been removed by 
death, and a heavy blow thereby falls on all 
who knew him, and were associated with him." 
Frank and open in all his dealings, simple 
minded, generous, and sincere, Mr. George 
Munro has left behind a name for amiability 
and goodness of heart that will not readily be 
effaced from the miuds of the inhabitants of 
the Town of Bolton. 



Ihuiluy. 



JOTIN- MuXRO. 



190 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



FAMOUS HIGHLAND BARDS. 

No. L — Iaix Lom. 



By W. DrummondNokie. 
r|P||HE MacDonells of Keppocli, like tlieir 
j^i^ kinsmen, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, 
^i^ have from the most remote period of 
their history been justly celebrated for their 
distinguished heroism in the field, and for their 
skill in the art of versification ; two apparently 
opposite characteristics, but in reality 4uite in 
harmony, for had there been no heroes to inspire 
the bards by their deeds of valour, there would 
have been no bards to liand down to posterity 
the famous achievements of their kings and 
chieftains. Had Agamemnon never lived and 
fought at Troy, or had Fingal preferred a pas- 
toral existence among the hills of Morven to the 
glorious career of a warrior, the grand epic of 
the immortal Homer would never have been 
written, and the voice of Ossian would have 
Taeen mute. 

Foremost among the many talented bards of 
the family of Keppoch, and for the matter of 
that, among Highland bards generally, Iain 
Loin's striking personality stands conspicuous. 
The e.xact date of his birth is uncertain, but it 
probably occurred during the early years of the 
reign of Charles I. He was of gentle blood, 
being descended from Iain Aluinn, IV. Chief of 
Keppoch, who lived in the l"ith century, and 
was consequently related to the head of his family 
and occupied a position of some importance in 
the clan. 

Born amid the romantic scenery of Lochaber, 
with the great mountains of Ben Nevis and Ben 
Chlinaig looking down upon him as lie lay in his 
cradle, and for his lullaby the music of the tur- 
bulent rivers Boy and Spean, it is scarcely to be 
wondered at that poetical instinct should have 
been early awakened in his breast. Of Iain's 
boyish days little is known, but a tradition is 
extant that owing to his marked predilections 
for study, he was sent to the great Catholic 
seminary at Valladolid in Spain to receive his 
education at the hands of the scholarly clerics 
who directed the studies at that celebrated es- 
tablishment ; and that, having incurred the 
anger of his tutors by some breach of discij)line 
or youthful escapade, lie returned to his native 
land to avoid the chastisement he probably de- 
served, but which his proud Highland blood 
could not brook. There is great probability of 
truth in this story, as it is a matter of history 
that Ranald, th(! eldest son of "Alasdair nan 
fleas," X. Chief of Keiijioch, was living in exile 
in Spain at this time, and it was no doubt under 
his protection that young Iain lived while pro- 
secuting his studies at Valladolid. 



Upon his arrival in Lochaber, lain found his 
clan ready to take up arms in the cause of their 
rightful King, Charles I., under the leadership of 
his relative and chief, Donald Glas of Keppoch, 
and the renowned Montrose, against the forces 
of the Covenanters, headed by the astute Argyll. 
Iain, who hated the Campbells with a deadly 
enmity, hereditary in his blood, and begotten of 
many an ancient feud in which his clan had 
suHered from the cruelty and lapaeiousness of 
the race of Diarmid, threw himself vigorously 
into the warlike preparations that he found going 
on around him, and roused his fellow clansmen 
to fresh exertions by his stirring poetry. He 
placed himself in communication with Montrose, 
who received his overtures gladly, and a friend- 
ship was cemented between the Highland bard 
and the famous general, which only ended with 
Montrose's death. In February, 1G4."), the 
Highland army, ha\ing wreaked its vengeance 
upon the Campbells by a six weeks' raid among 
the Argyllshire glens, had retired along the 
shores of Loch Lochy and Loch Oich to Cille- 
Chuiniein (now Fort Augustus), and lay in camp 
there awaiting fresh developments. Meanwhile 
Argyll, exasperated at his late re^•erses, and 
burning with a desire to wipe out the insult he 
had received at the hands of his enemy Montrose, 
hastily mustered an army of three thousand 
Campbells, and followed stealthily along the road 
taken by the Royalist troops, destroying and 
wasting the lands of the MacDonalds and 
Camerons as he went. Arriving at the old castle 
of Inverlochy in Lochaber, he determined to hall 
and commence a fresh series of depredations in 
that district before proceeding further, lain 
Lom got wind of this movement and hastened 
to Montrose with the news. It is not certain 
that he actually saw Montrose on this occasion, 
for there is a story in existence that when the 
bard arrived at Cille-Chuimein he was received 
by Alasdair MacCoUa (MacDonald of Antrim), 
who was in command of the Irish contingent. 
MacDonald listened to Iain's account of Argyll's 
arrival at Inverlochy, and appears to lia\r 
doubted the truth of the story, for turning to tin 
bard, he threatened that if \w. had told an un 
truth he would hang him on the first tree he 
met. Iain replied angrily, " Unless you shall 
find the Campbells all here, for certainly they 
are in the country, before this time to-morrow, 
you may do so." 

Whether this is a correct version of what 
really took place is, of course, uncertain, but 
there is little doubt that Iain Lom pot only was 
the first to bring the tidings of Argyll's inesence 
at Inverlochy to the Itoyalist eanip, Imt thai he 
personally led the army of Montrose through the 
secret mountain passes to Glen Nevis, and that 
it was in a great measure due to this stragetic 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



191 



movement, so rapidly carried out, that Mac- 
Cailean Mor and his marauding Campbells 
were utterly routed by the shores of the river 
Lochy on Sunday morning, February 2, 1645. 
The bard took no personal jiai't in the tight, 
having excused himself, when ofl'ered a claymore 
by MacDonald of Antrim, on the ground that if 
he fell in battle there would be no one left to 
sing the praises of the victors.* There was no 
gainsaying this argument, so Iain Loni was left 
to witness the engagement from the safe vantage 
ground of one of the towers of Inverlochy Castle, 
from whence he amused himself by hurling 
aV)Usi\e epithets at the discomfited Campbells. 
The poem, entitled " Latlia Inbher-Lochaidh," in 
which he describes the events of the battle, is 
probably one of the mo.st powerfully descriptive 
in the Gaelic language. Every detail of the fight 
is brought before the reader with marvellous 
distinctness and accuracy, and it is easy to con- 
jure up in the imagination the whole of the 
stirring scene that was enacted under the shadow 
of giant Ben Nevis more than two centuries ago. 
Throughout the whole poem there is a current of 
biting sarcasm and almost savage jubilation at 
the expense of the hereditary foes of Clann 
Donuill ; in fact, so bitter and caustic are the 
bard's satirical utterances that they are quite 
untranslatable into the English tongue. It was 
this inveterate hatred of his enemies, this vein 
of sarcasm in his nature, that earned for John 
MacDonell the nickname of Iain " Lom," hna 
signifying in the Gaelic haiv, and it was probalily 
bestowed upon the bard on account of his skill 
in laying bare the faults and weaknesses of those 
whom he lashed with the whip of his stinging 
satires. 

After the battle of Inverlochy little is known 
of Iain's movements, until we find him taking an 
active pai't in avenging the dastardly murder of 
his young chieftains, Ala.stair and Ranald, about 
the year 1663. Space will not admit of a his- 
tory of the Keppoch murder being given here ; 
it was a cold-blooded crime of the worst descrip- 
tion, prompted by jealousy and avarice, and it is 
some satisfaction to know that to Iain Lom be- 
longs the credit of tracking the murderers and 
meting out to them the punishment they so richly 
deserved. This event is vividly described with 
all its ghastly details in his poem '■ Mort na 
Ceapach " ; an extraordinary work full of pathe- 
tic interest and horrible realism. A curious 
memorial of the bard's terrible vengeance on the 
slayers of his kinsmen, is to be found in the 
monument erected by Colonel Macdonnell of 
Glengarry, in the year 1812, near the well in 



which the seven murderers heads were washed, 
before being laid at the feet of the chief. The 
spot is locally known as "Tobar nan Ceann" 
(" the Well of Heads "), and may be seen by all 
who travel to Inverness by the Caledonian Canal 
when passing through Loch Oich. Several poems 
were composed by Iain Lom about this period 
relating more or less to the Keppoch murder. 
" A bhean leasaich an st6p dluiinn," " Oran do 
Shiol Dughaill," and "An Ciaran Mabach " 
were all inspired by that atrocious crime, and, 
powerful as they are, there is something so re- 
pugnant to our feelings in the poet's exultation 
over the dying agonies of the criminals when he 
had them at his mercy that it is impossible to 
refrain from an expression of regret that he 
should have so lowered himself. It is a relief to 
turn from these blood curdling horrors to the 
scathing sarcasms of the "Oran air Righ Uilleam 
agus Ban-righ Mairi" (Ode to King William and 
Queen Mary) ; here Iain is at his best, and we 
see in him the staunch adherent of the Royal 
Stuarts, as with fearless pen he castigates the 
the usurping William of Orange and hiis Dutch 
followers ; or if we want pathos and tender 
sentiment we may find it in the " Marbhrann do 
Shir Seumas Mac-Dhonuill " or the " Marbhrann 
do dh' Alasdair Dulih Ghlinne-garaidh," both 
good specimens of the old Highland laments in 
vogue at that period, and full of real poetical 
feeling. 

Iain lived to a great age, and died in the reign 
of Queen Anne about the year 1710. He sleeps 
among his native mountains in the ancient 
burying-ground of St. Cyril, on Dun-aingeal, in 
the Braes of Lochaber, where a suitable monu- 
ment has been recently erected to his memory 
by the munificence of Charles Eraser-Mackintosh, 
Esq., of Drummond. 



* The actual words used by the bard on this occasion 
were, it is said, " Cha-n e sin mo ghnothuch, cath- 
aiohibh sibhse 'us innsidh mi.se. " 



Clan Menzies.— Tne Members of this Clan have 
decided to commemorate in some fitting manner the 
fiftieth year of Sir Robert Menzies' occupation of 
the position of Chief of the Clan. 

The Clan Campbell Society had their Annual 
Excursion to Lochgoilhead on the Queen's Birthday. 
There was a large turn-out of members and friends, 
and a most enjoyable day was spent. 

The St. Colu.mba Gaelic Choik also had their 
Annual Outing on that day to Kelly Glen, Weniyss 
Bay, which proved as pleasant and successful as 
those of former years. 

Obituary.— Many of our readers in all parts of 
the world will regi-et to learn of the death of Rev. 
James Cumming, Melness. Sutherland, who for over 
forty years officiated as Free Church Minister in 
Melness and Eriboll. We are also soiTy to intimate 
the death of Mr. Archibald Maxwell Macdonald of 
Glencoe, whose remains were interred in the family 
burial place in St. Munda's Island on 15th June. 



im 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



THE MACKAY (Hereford) PRIZE SONG. 

Thk Prize of Ten Guineas ottered by Mr. Joliii Miickay, Hereford, for ''The best original and 
unpublished Gaelic Song, written on a Patriotic theme" and suitable to be sung to the Music which gained 
The Charles Fraser-Mackintosh Prize of £20, h:is been awarded to Mv. Malcolm MacFarlane, Elderslie, 
whose .<iong we give below. The Judges were Messrs. John Wliyte, Henry W'hyte, and Archibald 
Flt^'usou. It will lie readily conceded that the task of composing words to the music was im easy one, 
.IS the call for rhyme necessary to the renuirements of Gaelic style, was excessive. The theme is a ha]>i)y 
one, and one which Highlanders would do well to take to heart, and not be content with singing it only 
but acting up to it. 

NA GAIDHEIL AN GUAILLIBH A CHEILE. 



(Hii:hi,anii?;rs, Snori-iii:u 



Shoiloku.) 



Miis'u: by J. LisDs.\v Mackay, IM.A., LL.H. H'(jn./s //y Malcolm MacFaklani;, 



Key AIj. With spirit. 

:d .r In :— . r :d |r .d : — :li |S| :— .Mi :Si 1 1, .d : 

Do liiinh flhonih :i cliar-iid. oir's (J.iidheil a Ih'annaiim, 



:r In 



. r : d I d . s 

a lihi ■tannin; 



: n In : - 

li illuil 



:d.r In :— . r :d |r .d : — :1| |si :— .n, :si jli.d : — :r In :— .f :s jn :r :d|li: 

Is liraithreaii sinn wile, S' <-lm duan e feuni tuillcodli Blii ruinnti- iiar l.uiilliiiinean eml 
Ket Ey I 



Ir :-, 
|d:-i 



i-.. 



. s : s I d' . s : — : n I n :— . r : d I r . n : — : f | s :— . s : s I d' . s : — : ri 1 1 : — : — | s 



nlu-ach inlli-sluia 



\ -.s I s :— . s : s I d' . t 

I A,- .rea.ha>, ai,- lua»;;la 

Chokis — Kev Aij f 



:d' Ir' 



:1 II .d':-:t.l|l :- 

li --luasa.l Mar l>ii dulli 



.s :n jn .s : — 

Iminii, All '.^uuillilih 



Id: 



•.d.did :-.n :r Id :ti -.1, |Si 

Thii-aibh ii rolilia liiiM'ailih o ci 
Key Eh (. 



:d Ir :-.d :r 

Air (laidlicil an 



ri . s : — : n | r : - 

"uaillil.h a clieil 



:n 



:n 



j Air N'aile: Clia siiaracli 
Kkv a?/". 

I : f . 1 Is :- -. n . n I r . d : 

( Tliii-ail.h u rul.ha liiurail.li 



:f Is :1 :t Id' :t :1 |s.d':~:n 

.Un fcacli.l iad a' 'duasad mar .s diitli dlioilih : 



:f 

laillibli 



: r I d : - : - 

a cliL'il 



l : n Is :— . n . n 

( S gu 11 niiiteaiUi ar 



glaodli 



- : n Is :— . n : n | i 

Gaill CaidlU'il sail 



Tha 'chuiseag so-aomaidh 

Do 'n oiteig a's faoine 
Thar monadh 'us raoii a bhios seideadb ; 

Ach seall oirre sniomhte 

Am uieadhon an t-sloniain — 
Ou 'in bacadh a righnead an steud-cach. 

Sud lensan bu clioir dhuinn 

'Bin 'g .aithris an comhnuidh 
'S a' tarruing as eblas 'clnnii feum dliiiinu- 

Ma "s math leiini blii buadhmhor. 

Is fhoudar bhi 'glnasad 
Mar 's diUh dhuinn, an guaillibh a chclle. 

Tha eachdraidh ag iiniseadli 

Mn mlinrachd ar sinnsre' 
'S gu 'n robh iad 'nan linntibh-san trcmnii 

All cliu a lliaobh d'llse 

Cha leigear air dldochuimlin" 
(Jus an sguirear de Bgiiobhadli '» de Kiiiibi 

Ach 's beag iii e dh" flieiun dbuiini 

Hhi 'luaidh air am beusan 
Mur bi sinn fhcin gleusda 'clium euclidaii, 

.\r giiilan fior-uasal, 

.\r n-oiioir gun truailleadli 
'si ar gluasad an guaillibh a cheilc 



: - : n | s : — . n : n j r . d : — : r | n : - : -- | n : - 

Air Caidhcil an Kuaillilih a . iu-il . <■ ; 
IJall. 

: s 1 1 :— . s : n I r . d : — : r I d : " : — I d : - 

jlil, S (,'u 'n toifadh (jacil aon diulili an scisd kinii. 

'S i tir nam beaiin Jirda, 

'San d' fhuair sinn ar n-arach, 
An diithaich a's aille fo 'n ghrein leiini ; 

'S i 'Gliaidhlig a' chanain 

A dh' ionnsuich sinn trathail 
I\i briathraibh ar mathar ag eisdeaclid ; 

"S c 'an fraoch bharr a' mhonaidh 

Ar suaicheantas dosrach — 
Co 'n Gaidheal iiach nochdadh mor-S])eis da 

Gach abhaist a's dual dhuinn, 

Ma 's airidh iad, suas leo ! 
Ach gluaismid an guaillibh a cheilc. 

Nis leagamaid miotlilachd 

'Us togamaid fior-ghradh, 
"Is deachdaiiiaid dichcall 'us gcur-clniis 

.V reiteachadh cuisean 

.\r cinnidh "s ar diithcha, 
(inn smaointinn air tionndadli no g<'illca<Ui 

K mar bhoid 'us mar bhriath'r dhuinn, 

Ma 's triiill no ma 's triatli 'th' ami 
"I'ha bagairt no miannachach bend oirnii, 

I in 'm cas sinii a suas ris, 

"I'oirt biuiidh as gach cnuvidh-chaa 
Lc bid 'gluasad an guaillibh a cheile. 



C('i'.vii;/'i'.— .1" i:iuh(f Heaemd Oy Oadic SiKiftii '>/ Unilwi. 



■ 












■*^''.. 


mm 


SA 





DANIEL WILLIAM KEMP, J. P. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



193 



DANIEL WILLIAM KEMP. 



^O better proof can be given of the vitality 
of a movement than its power of 
assimilating elements from the outside. 
Judged by this test the Celtic movement is in a 
very fair way. The voice of the syren still 
Hoats down from our mountains and up from 
our shores, and tlie unsuspecting wanderer 
comes and liears and is conquered. Sometimes 
the friendliness is merely sentimental, but in the 
case of the subject of this sketch it is a spring 
of beneficient activity. 

I). W. Kemp was born at Wrexham in 
1844. He was educated at the Grammar 
School of that town and afterwards at an 
Edinburgh Academy. Although born in the 
Principality he is of pure Scottish descent, the 
Kemps being an old Lowland family. Xor is 
the Highland strain awanting, for among his 
immediate ancestors are a MacAlister, a Mac- 
Phail, a Davidson, and a Donaldson. 

Mr. Kemp is a man of manj--sided and 
remarkable activity. Business, politics, litera- 
ture, science, art, antiquities, volunteering and 
philantrophy all claim his attention, and it is 
truly surprising how they all receive it. At an 
early age he gave indications of the drift of his 
talents. When only fourteen he wrote an essay 
on Hydrogen which was published with illus- 
trations in the Annual of his school in Edinburgh. 
The .scientitic interest manifested in youth 
became with manhood a leading impulse. He is a 
life Fellow of the Eoyal Scottish Society of 
Arts and has been awarded several medals by 
this society for papers on original subjects. In 
1870 he suggested the formation of the Edin- 
liurgh Association of Science and Art. On 
attaining its majority in 1891 the association 
presented him with a Diploma of Distinction 
as its founder, and in recognition of the 
eminent services which he had rendered to the 
association throughout the whole period of its 
history. 

In the early days of volunteering Mr. Kemp 
tlirew himself with characteristic enthusiasm 
into the movement. He was largely instru- 
mental in raising the 5th Highland Company of 
the Queen's Own Rifle Volunteer Brigade, and 
was its first Ensign. At that time the Highland 
companies wore the kilt. 

Whether or not it was in this connection that 
his blood " warmed to the tartan " we do not 
know, but about this time we find him visiting 
the far north, and forming a strong attachment 
to the romantic county of the 93id and Reay 
Fencibles. He soon made himself intimately 
acquainted with the history, topography, and 
antiquities of Suthei'land, and in extent and 
accuracy, his knowledge of these matters is 



outstanding, if indeed it is not unequalled. 
Already he has published a number of works 
bearing on the county of his adoption. These 
include an edition, with valuable notes and 
illustrations, of " Bishop Pococke's Tours in 
Sutherland" in 17G0, published for the first 
time from the original !MSS. in the British 
Museum, and forming the second volume of the 
"Sutherland Papers " (1888) : "Xotes on Iron 
Smelting in Sutherland " (1887); "The Demo- 
cracy of Sutherland" (1890): and "An Eccentric 
Sutherland Dominie" (1892). Other works not 
yet published, but, we believe, in an advanced 
stage of preparation are the " Endowments of 
Sutherland," "The 'CJod's Acres' of Sutherland," 
'^ Fasti Scholae Sutherlandianae" etc. In connec- 
tion with the endowments of the northern county 
it may be mentioned by tlie way, that one practical 
result of Mr. Kemp's researches was his discovery 
of a forgotten School Fund which had lain in a 
Highland Bank for twenty vears unclaimed. 
On the formation of the Scottish History 
Society in 1887 he was requested to undertake 
the editing of its first volume — a complete 
edition of "Pococke's Tours in Scotland, 
1747-17GO." 

]Mr. Kemp possesses probably the lai-gest and 
most complete collection of Sutherland books 
extant. What Sutherlander, as he reverently 
handled those treasures, but secretly sighed for 
a brief recall of the good old "lifting days!" 

Mr. Kemp has been for many years a moving 
spirit in the Sutherland Association (Edinburgh), 
and it may be .said with strict justice that the 
Victoria Bursary Scheme and the Publication 
Scheme of that Society owe their origin and 
success mainly to him. 

In recognition of his services to Sutherland 
he has been appointed a J. P. of the County. 
The Ancient City and Royal Burgh of Dornoch 
has also bestowed upon him tlie privilege of its 
"freedom," and he has on .several occasions 
represented this Burgh as its Assessor at the 
Convention of Royal Burghs. 

In politics Mr. Kemp is a progressive Liberal. 
He is President of the Leith Liberal Club, an 
office which he has held for several years. 

He is still a comparatively young man, this 
being his Jubilee year, and it is therefore legiti- 
mate to hope that the best of his career in busi- 
ness, science, letters and afl'airs is still before him. 
This sketch would seem inadequate to anyone 
who has been a visitor at Ivy Lodge, Trinity, 
near Edinburgh, Mr. Kemp's surburban home, 
unless reference were made to the kindly hospi- 
tality of the amiable and accomplished lady who 
presides over his household. Mrs. Kemp is a 
descendant of a Sutherland family, and accords to 
her husband's guests a true " Highland welcome.' 

Pnrfar. D0N.\I,D M AcLeOD, M.A. 



194 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

All Conuniitilcatioiui. on lilrrai-;/ anil htisilieas 
mailers, shoulil !>/■ addressed to the Editor, Mr. .JOBS 
MACK AY, IT Diitidas Street, Kiitijstoii, Glasijoir. 

-®- 
TERifS OP SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
gountries in the Postal Union — for one year, 4s. 

The Celtic Monthly 

JIfLr, 1894. 



coriiTE::prTrs. 



SkKTCII of TlIK .M.4C.M1LLAX.S Of Brocklocii (with plati), - 1S5 

Lkitbiu* to the Editor, - 186 

Tim Last Macdoxai>ds ok Isla, Part 8 (illustrated), - - 187 

TiiK LATB Okorok Munro, Boltos (with plate), - - - 1^9 

Fauois HiuiiLA.ND Bards,— I.u.vLOM, 190 

OiR Mi'siCAL Page— The Mackat (Hereford) Prize Soxo, - 102 

Damkl WiLLiAM Kemi" (with plate), lltS 

To OUR Readers, Wi 

TosouE AND ITS HISTORIC SURROUNDINGS (illustrated), - - 195 

\V. MacOreoor Stoddart, London (with portrait), - - 19s 

Dr. Keith Norman MacDosald (with plate), - - - 199 

Highlanders in the Archer Guard ov France, • • - 199 

George SIackav, Perth, (with plate), 201 

Reviews, , 201 

DONNACHADH ODUAR NAN CREACH'S ENCOU.VTER WITH THE 

Men ok Assynt, Sutherlamdshire (illustrated), . 202 
News of the Month, &c., 20-1 

CLAN MACKAY SOCIETY. 

BuKSARY Competitions. — This Society lias now 
made a practical start in giving effect to one of its 
most useful objects, namely the encouragement of 
higher education. Two Bursaries for Ma(;k.\v.s are 
to be comiieted for in Sutherland and Caithness 
early in August, full particulars as to Rules, 
subjects, etc., will be found in our advertising 
columns. There is one feature of these competitions 
which deseri'es special notice, and which does credit 
to the thorough " Highland" spirit of this society. 
(iaelic Grammar and Comi)osition are made one of 
the essential subjects in these competitions, so that 
before a young Mackay can presume to seek higher 
education in the English language, he must first 
prove that he has a thorough knowledge of his 
mother tongue. It is only by the preservation of 
the native language that Highlanders can hope to 
preserve their individuality as a race. 

A Gknekois Offer. — In response to Mr. John 
Mackay, (Hereford's) offer to contribute £100 if 
Members of the Clan will subscribe other £200, so 
as to increase the capital to .£700, the following 
donations have been already intimated : — John S. 
Mackay, LL.D., Edinburgh Academy, £10; Rev. 
J. Aberigh Mackay, D.l). , Bridge of Allan, £5 5a; 
(jeorge J. Mackay, J. P., Mayor of Kendal, £5 5s ; 
Dr. George Mackay, 2 Raiulolph Place, Edinburgh, 
£'5; John Mackay {lien Hviuj), Wiesbaden, Germany, 
£5; William Mackay, F.S.A., Scot., Solicitor, 
Inverness, £1} Ss ; Dr. W. Murray Mackay, North 
Shields, £1 Is; R. G. Mackay, Berriedale, Stamford 
Hill, London, £1 Is ; Eric Mackay, 7 Royal E.\- 



change, London, E.G., £1 Is; P. M. Mackay. \"\\\a 
Dilred, Hilversum, Holland, £1 ; Provost ^^'. W. 
Mackay, Isabella Villa, Dunoon, £1. 

A Brief ActorsT of the Clan Donnachaidh. 
—We regret that in the review of this interesting 
work in our last issue a mistake was made in regard 
to the authorship. Mr. David Robertson, F.S.A., 
Scot., is the author and publisher. 

The Highland Registry— We are glad to be 
able to state that suitable premises have now been 
secured at 10 Park Road, near Great Western 
Road, and that Miss Mackay is now prepared to 
assist Highland girls coming to Glasgow to secure 
suitable employment. We trust that it will receive 
the hearty sujiport it deserves from our countrymen 
and countrywomen. Members' tickets are now 
being issued, and can be had on application at 
above address. 

"FlONT*" AT THE GLASGOW HIGHLAND Cko.S.S. — 

As we anticipated, the premises which Mr. Henry 
Whyte recently opened at 4 Bridge Street, have 
already proved a most encouraging success. Mr. 
Whj'te deserves great credit for his enterprise, and 
we are glad to find that Highlanders have acknow- 
ledged this by bestowing upon him their patronage. 
He has already laid in a large stock of books in 
Gaelic and English on the many subjects in which 
Highlanders are interested. We are glad to con- 
gratulate our talented contributor on the well- 
deserved success which has attended his venture. 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



Grand Summer Number. 
Our next issue is to take the form of a Grand 
Summer Number, which will be siiocially attractivi' 
both in regard to its literary contents, and tiiu' 
illustrations. With it we will present our readers 
with five life-like plate portraits of the following 
gentlemen— Messrs. William (iraham of North 
Erines, President, Kintyre Club and Argyllshire 
Society; Captain James Mackay, Trowbridge, viit- 
president, Clan Mackay Society ; AthoU MacGn-gof, 
Dunkeld, President, Clan Gregor Society; I'ii>vost 
George J. Mackay, Kendal, (a distinguished Caith- 
nessian), and Thomas Greer, London, of the Clan 
Gregor. These portraits are of a larger size than 
those we usually give, and are engraved by the best 
known process. 

In addition to these we have arranged for several 
articles of exceptional interest. Mr. John Mackay, 
Hereford, contributes a valuable paper on " Tlie 
Highland Brigade at Waterloo," which will lu' 
suitably illustrated. A complete list will also 1)e 
given of the number of otlioers of each clan name 
present at the battle, and other interesting infor- 
mation. Mr. Frascr Mackintosh will give part IX 
of his papers on the " Last MacDonalds of Isla," 
and rejiroductions will be given of the MacDonald 
plate from the Queen's book on the cl.ans, and a fac- 
simile of the Clan Neill Bond. Besides these 
several very attractive contributions will appear, in 
prose and verse, and no trouble or expense will be 
spared to make our " Summer Number " worthy of 
Highland literature. 

Owing to the (Jlasgow Fair Holidays our next issue 
(being the August Number), will appear about the 
middle of July. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



195 



TONGUE AND ITS HISTORIC 
SURROUNDINGS. 



By John Mackay, C.E., J. P., Hereford. 

Part VI. — Ian Abrach, and the Battle 
OF Driu.m-na-Cupa. 

{Continued from page 17"2). 



|pI^|HlS was a dodge of the King to get the 
y^ heirs of the principal Highland chiefs into 
^^^ his custody, to civilize them in the South 
of Scotland and near his own court as he himself 
had been educated and civilized in England. 
In this artair Angus Du succeeded admirably in 
spite of his traducers. Tiie King saw that he 
was more sinned against than sinning. 




CLANS SUTHERLAND AND MACKAY. 
From "Highlanders of Scotlanrf," bv Kenneth Macleay, R.S..\., (The Queen's 

of tfie Clnnx), published by Mr. .Mitchell, London, in IS70. 
(1). .I.inies Sutherland, born in 1833, at Doll, Brora, Sutherland ; was series 

the Sutherland Ritle Volunteers. 
(-2). Adam Sutherland, born in 1843, at Knockarthur, Rogart, Sutherland. 
(■■>). Neil Mackay, born in 1830, at Achvoulderock, Tongue Ferry, Sutherland : 
Ferryman at Hope, parish of Durness. 



The truculent and cowardly Earl of Suther- 
land still plotted against his powerful neighbour, 
Angus Du, though shorn of the territory given him 
liy the Lord of the Isles as the dower of his 
wife, by the unfortunate action of his cousin 
Thomas. It was seen by the Earl that Angus 
Du was getting into years and was deprived of 
his son and heir who niitrht never return. He 



again had recourse to Angus Murray of Pul- 
rossie to try to persuade his sons-in-law, Morgan 
and Neil Mackay that they now were the 
successors of Angus Du, his son Neil being 
taken away by the King, and that John the 
younger son had not so good a title to 
the territory or the chiefship, as they had. 
No doubt these young ruffians had by the 



I;i6 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



apprehension of their brother Thomas incurred 
the high displeasure of Angus Du. The know- 
ledge of this made them more readily the tools 
of the Earl and Angus Murray and to fall into the 
farther plot of weakening Angus Du, and if 
successful become possessed of his territory. 

The demand was made, and Angus Du no 
doubt refused compliance. The plotters were 
impatient, and at last determined to obtain 
possession by force. In this determination they 
were encouraged by the Earl of Sutherland, 
even by the admission of Sir R. Gordon, that 
they had " Earl Robert his attoUerance." 
Angus Du, desirous of preserving the King's 
j)eace, sent his cousins a message informing them 
that he would sui-render them all his possessions, 
except Kintail, now Tongue. His cousins 
would have all. The aged hero was astonished, 
consulted his youthful sou .Tohn .Abradi, as liis 
clansmen called 
him from hav- 
ing been reared 
amongst his 
mother's rela- 
tives in Loch- 
aber. He con- 
sulted too his 
chief men. The 
resolution come 
to was, to 
defend the 
territory, and 
the honour of 
their chief and 
clan, or die in 
their defence. 
The resolution 
was conveyed 
by the fiery 
cross from ham- 
let to hamlet of 
the Mackay 

country and every preparation made to meet 
and resist the threatened invasion. 

Angus Du, though aged and infirm, had yet 
much of the fire of youth when aroused. When 
he ascertained the determination of his youthful 
warrior .son and the leading men of the clan to 
die in his defence and the freedom of their 
country hitherto so well preserved and defended 
lie ro.se to the occasion, scouts and spies were 
sent into Sutherland to ol)scrve the doings and 
movements of the enemy, and to report upon all 
they iieard and saw, especially to ascertain in 
what direction the threatened invasion would 
be made. Jt was soon known that throughout 
the whole of Sutherland men were preparing 
for some wailike expedition ; there was no 
concealment as to its purpose and intent, and 
tliat full encouragement was given to one and 




TIIK VII.L.VGK. 



all by the Earl to take part in the invasion and 
assist Angus Murray, who w^as also bringing 
men from Ross and Assynt, promising them all 
the plunder they could capture. Angus Du 
was ke])t well informed of all that was going on, 
and he and his young son and head-men were 
at the same time devising means and making 
every possible preparation to meet so formidable 
an invasion. Councils were daily held with the 
old veteran chief, who knew the lie of the land, 
and the advantage of choosing the field of strife 
for a defensive battle, which should be as near 
Tongue as jiossible. He pointed out Drium-na- 
Cupa as offering the greatest disadvantage for 
attack, and the greatest advantage in resisting 
it. This ridge slope is two miles from Tongue, 
on the west side of Ben Loyal, having a narrow 
boggy valley at its foot, trending westward to 
l\inloi-li and northward to Tongue. On the 
south side of 
this valley the 
land rises to 
the same level 
as Drium-na- 
Cupa, with a 
narrow pass 
i|uite close to 
the foot of Ben 
I>oyal. Thro' 
this pass the 
road track 
to and from 
Tongue went, 
and it was 
anticipated, if 
Tongue would 
l)e the point of 
attack, this 
would be the 
route the in- 
vaders would 
prefer, being 
shorter by some miles than the other route by 
the east side of the mountain. Besides these 
advantages of position, it was not lost sight of, 
that the further the Sutherland men had to 
march the more tired they would be in the 
light. There was a doubt as to which of the 
routes the invader.s might adopt, and lo ascertain 
this a strong party of Jlackays was posted 
in ambush on the south front of J5en ].,oyal to 
watch the advance of the enemy and report as 
to the route. From this point of view they 
could see over many miles in their front. It was 
observed that the invaders were coming in by 
the west end of Lochnaver and making for the 
west side of Ben Tioyal. This being rcportcni 
the Mackay commanders took post on the slope 
of Drium-na-Cupa ridge, while at the same time 
a detachment was sent forward into the pass 




DR. KEITH NORMAN MACDONALD. 



d 



TilK OKLTIC MONTHLY. 



I'Jf 



and amliusli themselves in a copse wood growing 
i;; the slope of the pass, and when the greater 
|iortion of the invaders had passed to cut 
into their Hank. The party posted on the south 
face of the mountain were ordered to follow up 
the rear of the invaders and skirmish with tlieni 
as best they could till the flank attack had taken 
ett'ect, when they were to fall in with might and 
main. These arrangements being made Ian 
Abracli and the other commanders advised the 
aged chief to keep out of the battle and retire 
to a knoll in the rear, where lie could survey the 
tight a)id be out of harm's way. He consented 
and gave Ian Abrach the command. The 
invaders confident in their superiority of 
numbers came on through the pass in a disorderly 
manner, leaders in front. On emerging from 
the pass, the Mackays were seen right in front 
in a compact body, posted on the slope of the 
opposite ridge. 

Judging them to be very inferior in numbers 
one of the Sutherland leaders said, " come on, 
we shall soon shackle tliese calves," to which 
another replied, "take you care of yourself, these 
calves may jump too high for you to shackle 
them.' 

The invaders as they emerged from tlie pass 
rushed across the valley, and came up the slope in 
a straggling manner for the onset. They wore 
tirndy and fiercely received by Ian Abrach and 
his men. In the meantime the flank attack 
was made upon the rear portion of the invaders, 
struggling and hurrying confusedly through the 
pass. They were soon thrown into disorder, 
and the scouting ])arty which followed in the 
rear coming up, the annihilation of this portion 
of the invaders was complete, the few fugitives 
that escaped ran on to the main body causing 
dismay and terror, pursued by the ambuscade 
men, who advanced and attacked the left rear 



and Hank of the invaders. The Sutiierland men 
fought resolutely and bravely but they were 
out manceuvred, still they continued the fighting. 
Their left wing was soon turned and doubled up 
on the centre, they had to fight in front and rear, 
and their commanders Angus Murray, Morgan 
and Neil Mackay were slain in the front of the 
battle. At last falling into disorder, the sur- 
vivors fled from the fsital field by the passes at 
the west end of Ben Loyal j)ursued by the 
infuriated Mackays, who gave no quarter, for 
several miles till the last man was slain at Atli- 
charrie, where a stone was reared to commemo- 
rate his fall and the close of the chase. 

The fighting over on the field of battle, and 
none left on it but the dead, the dying, and the 
wounded, the old chief Angus Du came upon 
the ground to view the slain and see if he could 
find aniongt them the bodies of his unnatural 
cousins. Having found tliem, and as he was 
leaning on his staff looking at them and be- 
moaning the carnage of which they were the 
cause, he was shot dead by an arrow from the 
bow of a Sutherland man lurking in a bush, 
who had come too late, or had been too 
much uf a coward to take part in the fight. 
He immediately decamped and got safely home, 
to fall another day by the hand of Angus Du's 
grandson. 

So momentous was the issue of the liattleand 
the utter annihilation of the invaders that Sir 
R. Gordon is forced to record in his history two 
centuries thereafter. — " The memory of this 
skirmish remaineth in that country (Mackay 
country) with the posterity unto this day." 
The memory of it remains to this day, and to 
this day the graves of the slain on the ridge slope 
of Drium-na-cupa may be seen and counted 
in parallel row.s. 

(Tu be riniluiii,,!.} 




l.>lXR01il.M O.VSTI.K.-SKAT OF THE DUKK OF SI THFKL.V.NO. 



19? 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



W. MACGREGOR STODDART, 
LONDON. 



CT^HE Htoddarts wore originally a Renfrew- 
>i^/ shire family, but like most Scottish 
'-'^^ names it is now to be found in all parts 
of the world. Among those who left their 
native land to win fame and fortune in distant 
parts was Ad- 
miral Stoddart, 
who, with Ad- 
mirals Keith 
and Gordon, 
was one of the 
founders of the 
Russian Navy. 
It is from 
this gallant 
Scotsman that 
the subject of 
our present 
sketch is de- 
scended. Mr. 
W. .M.Stoddart 
was born near 
K d i 11 b u r g h , 
where his 
parents wire 
staying for a 
time, but he 
looks upon the 
M a c G r e g o r 
country as his 
native spot, 
having spent 
many years in 
that romantic 
district. His 
love for Perth- 
shire may be 
Ijetter under- 
stood when we 
state that on 
his mother's 
side he is 
descended from 
Rob Koy, lur 
grand father, 
J a m c s M a c - 
Gregor, being 
the grand.son of 

Rob's third son James, who died in Paris, where 
he fled after the ' ih and was buried in Pere La 
Chaise. Though the third son he was the most 
famous ; it was he who led the clan ai 
Prestonpans, where he greatly distinguished 
himself by his bravery. 

Mr. Stoddart has been in l>ondon for the last 
ten years, during four of which he has occu|)icd 




the position of Headmaster of St. Stephen's 
School. It is, however, as a Highlander that he 
is best known in the Metropolis, and there are 
few Celtic Gatherings in which he is not a 
moving spirit. He is Captain of the L. N. 
C. Canianachd Club, member of the Gaelic 
Society ~of London, and the Highland Balls 
Committee. He also acts as Hon. Secretary 
for the Paddington and District School Sports 
Association, 
and for the 
Society for the 
Extension of 
University 
Education. He 
has rendered 
good service in 
the cause of 
Gaelic Music, 
ha\'ing harmon- 
ised most of the 
melodies ren- 
dered by the 
Gaelic Choir at 
their recent 
Concert, and 
has acted as 
A ccom panist 
since its forma- 
tion. He takes a 
special interest 
in the success of 
the Clan firegor 
Society, of 
which he is a 
life member. 

In conclusion, 

it may be said 

to his credit 

that although 

ho has travelled 

a good deal 

abroad he has 

always made it 

a rule to do so 

in the Highland 

costume, and 

our readers will, 

we feel sure, 

agree with us 

when we say 

that he could 

not liave chosen a more graceful dress, and there 

are few who do it better justice. Mr. MacGregor 

Stoddart is considered one of the best all round 

Highland dancers in London, and for several 

years past has acted as )\I aster of Ceremonies at 

the Highland Halls held under the auspices of the 

Shinty Club and the Highland Balls Committee. 

i,„„i„,, John MacGukiiou. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



190 



DR. KEITH NORMAN MACDONALD, 
F.R.C.S.E., EDINBANE, SKYE. 



,jJ|?vR. MAC'DOXALD, w- to give liim his 
^,K;^J| full designation — Dr. Keith Norman 
S-^ Macalister Mac Donald, is the third son 
of the late Charles MacDonald, Ord, Sleat, Skye, 
and grandson, on the maternal side, of Captain 
Neil MacLeod of Gesto, and therefore a true 
son of Eih'dii-a-cltfo. He received his early 
education by private tuition, and went to study 
Medicine in the Edinburgh University in 1854. 
After completing his curriculum he practised 
for some time in Skye, and then sought, in 
1S60, a wider field, under the glorious shadow 
of Ben Nevis — among the genial and hospitable 
Highlandeis of the Braes of Lochaber, where 
his Jacobite instincts found full scope. Leaving 
Lochaber he removed to North Wales where he 
acquired considerable experience, Init finding 
the work too heavy he took charge of a Hospital 
in Bath for a time, so that he might recuperate 
and study. He soon afterwards proceeded to 
India and after a time was appointed by the 
Government of India to the Civil Surgeoncy of 
Prome, and it was when in charge of this station 
where he had a Hospital, Dispensaiy, and three 
hundred convicts under his charge, that he 
undertook to translate the practice of Medicine 
among the Burmese from original palm-leaf 
manuscripts which he procured, after a great 
deal of troulile, from the native doctors, but 
which could not be purchased at any price, as 
they had been handed down from father to son 
for countless generations, something after the 
manner of the oral teachings of the Asclepiades 
This work was afterwards published, with a 
liistorical sketch of the progress of ^ledicine 
from the earliest times. Dr. MacDonald's 
success at this station was considerable and his 
name was frequently mentioned in the Govern- 
ment Blue Books, and his sanitary reports and 
the great good he had ati'ected in the interests 
of the public health of Prome, were very 
favourably received and acknowledged by the 
Government. Considerations of health, how- 
ever, blighted his bright prospects at this time, and 
he was obliged to return to Europe in 1869, and he 
has practised at home ever since. During his 
long experience he did not neglect the splendid 
opportunities that such a varied and wide field 
of practice placed before him. He has contri- 
buted between thirty and forty papers of 
scientific interest to the literature of his pro- 
fession, and has encroached on the Sister Art of 
Music by publishing a " Skye Collection of 
Keels and Strathspeys" which many good judges 
consider second to none, and has also added 
some Fantasias for Violin and Piano, on Scotch 



and Irish airs. As the Editor of " Musical 
Scotland"* remarks. Dr. MacDonald is one of 
the " most worthy rei)resentatives now living of 
the leisured amateur whose sympathies extend 
warmly to pi'ofessional nnisicians, as well as 
amateurs, all being "brothers in art!" In 
1872 Dr. SlacDonald married Mi.ss Niblett of 
Erneston, near Edinburgh, and has two sons 
and three daughters. It may be here stated 
that Dr. MacDonald is a M.D. of St. Andrews, 
a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, 
Edinburgh, and Licentiate of the Royal College 
of Physicians, London. He is at present 
Resident Medical Otticer, Gesto Hospital, Skye 
— enjoying the love and attachment of his 
fellow-islesmen. Saoglialfada dha. Fionn. 



"Musical Scotland " by D. Baptie. Paisley: J. & 
R. Parlane, 1S94. 



HIGHLANDERS IN THE ARCHER 
GUARD OF FRANCE. 



By .James Feruuson, Glasgow. 



i^5^|0ME years ago, a well-known American 
^5^i monthly gravely remarked that the 



portion of Scotland North of the Forth 
had contributed little or nothing to the greatness 
of the Scottish Race. That was amusing ; and 
to anyone who possessed the most elementary 
knowledge of Scottish History and Ethnology it 
must have seemed surprising that an assertion 
so remarkable should have found its way into 
the pages of an intelligent and impartial 
Journal. Yet, upon consideration, the matter 
is, perhaps, not so wonderful after all. Your 
Saxon is a fine fellow ; but he has never been 
very keen to do justice to his Celtic brotlier. 
There is no part of the British Empire on which 
the Celt — Scottish, Welsh, Irish, or Cornish, — 
has not set an indelible mark. His name meets 
us everywhere. The History of our connection 
with India, both civil and military, for example, 
is besprinkled with Highland names as freely as 
the battlefields of that Country have been 
bedewed with Gaelic blood ; tlie muster roll of 
the Canadian Parliament is like that of a 
gathering of Representatives of the Highland 
Clans ; and the number of men bearing High- 
land names who have been Prime Ministers or 
have occupied other positions of distinction in 
the Colonies is amazing when one considers the 
relative size of England, and the Country from 
which they sprung. Men like Sir Alexander 
MacKenzie, the Pioneer Explorer of the 
North American interior ; Livingstone, the 
Ulva Crofter's son ; Henry Morton Stanley, the 
Welshman ; MacKinlay, the Cowal man of 



TH K CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Australian fame; and many others in whose 
veins the warm blood of the Celt predominated, 
have done fur more tlian their share in the 
arduous task of filling up the blanks on the 
Map of the World. But all that does not avail 
with your modern Anglo-Saxon chronicler. 
Knglish ])oliticians tell us, without a stammer, 
that Kngland alone has built up the Empire : 
and we have became accustomed when we piek 
up Cockney Journals of a certain class to find 
the inferiority and supineness of the Celt dilated 
upon with an unfailing zest. Possibly, therefore, 
the American Writer was a student of the 
Cockney Press and took his notion of the 
Scottish Celt second hand. If so, it is not to be 
wondered at the Saxon element should bulk so 
largely in his view that the Celt should be 
crowded out, or, at best, should appear but 
dimly in the background, a mere humble access- 
ory to the glowing portrait of the great, ruddy, 
Jolly Saxon in the foreground. 

There were, it is said, more Irishmen and 
Welshmen than Englishmen in the victorious 
army at Crecy ; but what English Historian 
dilates «pon the little fact I 

The silence is significant — and typical ! The 
Celtic student of history has encountered it 
elsewhere and often. 

A distinguished Scottish Historian recently 
told the present writer that, in his opinion, 
" the History of Scotland, as far as the Celtic 
people are concerned, has often been misinter- 
preted and misrepresented." Every ('eltic 
student of History will agree that, unfortunately, 
the work of misrepresentation still goes meiiilv 
on. Possibly it is the outcome of in.suflicient 
knowledge; for John Bull, despite his prejudices 
and with all his limitations, i.s, in the main, an 
honest fellow. It is none the less unpleasant 
however : especially when we call to mind that 
the English saying demands that even the devil 
shall get his due. 

Not long ago, an English Military Journal 
imblished an article on the Scots in France, in 
which, of course, the writer took occasion to let 
it be understood that the Scottish Adventurers 
whose gallantry redounded so much to the cr(>dit 
of their Native Country were entirely recruited 
from tht^ Saxonised districts of Scotland. In 
answer to that somewhat sweeping assertion — 
your Saxon is always sweeping in his assertions 
— one might remind the writer in question that 
Kabutin, for instance, (Co//. Petitot, vol. xxxi, 
page G7) thus describes a body of Scots in the 
French service about l-");TI. "Most of them, 
mounted on small spirited horses, were rather 
Kcantily armed, ivearituj Ki//s and red bonnets." 

Did the lowland Scot of the year \'>T)\ wear 
the Kilt ( 

One miglit also hint that u century later, the 



first Coni])any of the Ho\'al Eccossais wore the 
Highland dress. 

It may be useful, however, to inquire more 
particularly into the composition of the stream 
of adventurers who continued from the year 
1419 to pour out of Scotland to fight Scotland's 
ancient foe on foreign soil. 

The first event of consequence in their history 
is the Battle of Beauge in which the Duke of 
Clarence fell before the onset of the Earl of 
Buchan. The Duke received the coup de grace 
(according to the Book of Pluscarden) at the 
hands of a Highlander named MacAusland, one 
of Buchan's retinue. Under Stewart, Earl of 
Buchan, there would of course be many North 
Countrymen, and in this instance we find a Gael 
in the thick of the fight. 

Again at the Seige of Cravant, in I -123, where 
the Scots made a glorious stand, two Knights 
named respectively Cameron and Davidson were 
among the slain. When Knights so named fell, 
in those feudal times, they fell amid their clan.s- 
men; so we may rest assured that the (Jaelic 
slogan was heard in the thick of the fight at 
Cravant. The Account of the Seige of Verneuil 
Virings us to a most interesting and significant 
episode. Here there were 10,000 Scots under 
the Earl of Douglas. Verneuil was .strong and 
Douglas had recourse to a stratagem. He sent 
a large number of his men " who could sj)eak 
English," says the Chronicler, and to them the 
gates were opened by the defendei-s, the latter 
imagining that the new comers were Englishmen. 
An interesting question occurs here. If the 
Scots were all Lowland-men, as we are asked to 
believe, why should it have been necessary to 
say that the men who were selected to carry out 
the stratagem "could speak English?" Or how 
did it come about that the enemy, whom bitter 
experience had already made well aware of the 
presence of Scots in the opposing army, were 
deceived by their speaking English! One must, 
at the same time, bear in mind that, even as late 
as the days of James VI. "a great part," as 
George Buchanan tells us, of tin; district between 
the Clyde and the Solway was still Gaelic-speak- 
ing, and many of the inhabitants were prolmbly, 
owing to the gradual spread of Lowland Scottish, 
bilingual, like the Highlanders of to-day. \V'(! 
know, also, that (raelie was still spoken at this 
period in many other districts which are now 
termed Lowland. It is, for instance, an open 
(|uestion whether it was not alive in Fifeshirc 
in the middle of the ISth century ; and it was 
certainly spoken in the Ochils at that time. So 
that even if the Scots adventurers were all from 
Lowland districts (which they certainly were 
not) a large proi)ortion of them might still be 
Gaelic speaking Celts. 

(To be concluded.) 




GEORGE MACKAY. 



THE CKLTIO MONTHLY. 



201 



GEORGE MACKAY, 

Sanitary Inspec-i'ok of Pertiisiiire. 



5^yjpR. GEORGE MACKAY was born ia 
vil^h the Parish of Applecross, Ross-shire, 
■My^ where he received his early education. 
He was teacher in tliat parish for two year.s, 
l)ut desirous of seeking a wider sphere of activity 
he went to London in LS.")?, and from thence to 
Glasgow, where he was appointed a Detective 
Officer in the Central District. When the Sani- 
tary Department was incepted in 1SG3 Mr. 
Mackay rendered valuable assistance in its 
organization. To ])erfect his knowledge of 
sanitation he entered Glasgow University, and 
studied Chemistry and Physiology. In 1882 he 
was appointed Sanitary Inspector for Govaii 
where he quickly altered the insanitary con- 
dition of that populous burgh, and rendered 
public services which were tangibly acknow- 
ledged on his securing the important post of 
Chief County and District Inspector for Perth- 
shire in 1890. The Provost and Magistrates 
presented him with a Solid Silver Tea and 
Coffee Service, and his daughter with a handsome 
Gold Present, as an e.xpression of their good 
wishes towards him, and their regret at losing 
such a valuable i)ul)lic servant. There were 
300 applicants for the Perthshire appointment, 
but Mr. Mackay's (|ualilioHtions for the office 
were so high, and his certificates so incomparable, 
that he was selected almost unanimously. That 
his appointment was a happy one has been since 
evidenced by the excellent work he has already 
performed in the cause of sanitation in Perth- 
shire. It may be also mentioned in this 
connection that he an Examiner in Sanitary 
Science, a Member of Council of the Sanitary 
Association of Scotland, and held the position of 
Secretary of the Association for four vears, 
ending July, 1890. He is frequented cunsulted 
by various local Authorities and Sanitary 
Officials in both England and Scotland. 

In 1863 Mr. Mackay married a daughter of 
the late Alexander MacGregor, Shipowner, 
Applecross, and has one daughter. 

Mr. JSIackay is well known as an enthusiastic 
Highlander, and a good Gaelic scholar. He 
naturally takes a special interest in the Clan 
Mackay Society, of which he is a councillor, and 
with which he has been connected since its 
formation in 1888. We trust that he may lie 
long spared to take part in the work of that 
flourishing societj', and to complete the valuable 
.scheme of sanitation to which he is devoting his 
best energies in Perthshire. 

Blinl.iip'h. AlE.XANDEK Ross MacKAV. 



REVIEWS. 



An Uiseag (The Lark). — A Collection of 
Gaelic Songs in two-part harmony for the use 
of Schools. (Jlasgow : Henry Whyte, 4 Bridge 
Street. 

When we mention that this little work is 
compiled by Mr. M. MacFarlane, and Mr. 
Henry Whyte ("Fionn") our readers will be 
satisfied that the preparation of such a work 
could not have been placed in better hands, and 
that the book is likely to supply adequately a 
decided want in the (jdiicational literature of 
the Celt. The / 'iseay contains sixteen carefully 
selected songs, in two-part harmony. Many of 
the airs are already popular, while we have three 
original ones to excellent songs, which have 
hitherto had no airs associated with them. This 
is the first time that a Gaelic Song Book in 
two-part harmony has been given to the public, 
and we trust that School Boards and teachers 
will give it a trial, and so render still more 
popular the native music of the Celt. Junior 
Choirs intending to compete at the annual Muil 
will find this book exceedingly serviceable. The 
book is neatly got up and carefully edited, and 
is without doubt an excellent threepence worth 
of Gaelic music. 



THE MACPHAIL BURSARIES. 

We are glad to observe that a movement is set on 
foot to recognise the services of Rev. Dr. James 
Calder MacPhail, Pilrig, on the occasion of the 
Semi-Jubilee of his Scheme of Grammar School 
Bursaries for Gaelic -speaking youths. A Meeting 
of Highland Ministers and others who had benefited 
by the Scheme was held in Edinburgh during tlie 
time of the Assembly, and resolved to raise a fund, 
the interest of which is to be devoted to the forma- 
tion of additional Bursaries to be known as " The 
MacPhail Bursaries," in honour of its originator. 
We need hardly refer to the large number of High- 
landers who now occcupy distinguished positions, 
and who are indebted to these Bursaries for the 
means by which they were enabled to ecpiip them- 
selves for the professions in which they are now 
engaged. A small Committee was appointed to 
carry out the above jiroposal, of which Rev. Peter 
Macdonald, M.A., Edinburgh, is Convener, and 
Rev. Adam Gunn, M.A., Durness, Sutherlandshire, 
Secretary. Mr. James Macdonald, W.S., 21 Thistle 
Street, Edinburgh, has kindly consented to act as 
Treasurer for the fund, and will be glad to receive 
contributions towards this deserving object. 

Gaelic Society of Inverne.ss. — The Annual 
Concert in connection with this Society, takes place 
in Inverness on 12th July (the evening of the Wool 
Market), Mr. Charles Fraser- Mackintosh, Chief of 
the Society, in the Chair. A very attractive 
]irogramme has been arranged, and the procuedinifs 
priimi.se U> be specially interesting this year. 



202 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



DONNACHADH ODHAR NAN CREACH'S 
ENCOUNTER WITH THE MEN OF 
ASSYNT, SUTHERLANDSHIRE. 



fT is not more than two or tliree centuries 
ago since the Borders of Scotland were 
— the happy hunting-grounds of cattle- 
raiders, and there are to-day several esteemed 
and well-to-do families in the south of Scotland 
whose ancestors belonged to that questionable 
class of the community. The midland Counties 
of Scotland suffered severely for many genera- 
tions from the predatory incursions of these 
raiders. The Lotliians were such fertile counties 
and the cattle being considered superior to any 
others, they suffered much accordingly. These 
raiders were petty chiefs or despots on the 
Borders, who kept a number of servants or 
retainers, and 
paid them gen- 
erally according 
to the success 
of each raid or 
according to 
their valour. 
When a large 
pillaging incur- 
sion was con- 
templated, two 
or three of the 
raiders joined 
with their men 
so that any 
opposition to 
such a number 
was out of 
the question. 
When the spoil 
was brought 
home, it was 

equally divided among the various raiders who 
had taken part in the foray. The cattle were 
kept on each man's ground and were used as 
required, or were driven to the market towns of 
England and there disposed of to the best 
advantage. The raiders were chiefly tall and 
able bodied men who could use the sword as 
easily as the whip and to the same effect, and 
would kidnap a fair maid as soon as lift a cow. 
Indeed, it is said that the Lothians lost several 
fair daughters, wlio were unceremoniously 
carried on horse-back across the Pentlands or 
Lammermoors behind their fathers' and kindred's 
cattle to their future lionies among the Border 
hills and valleys. Oral tradition has it^that 
the Mid-Lothian people united and commenced 
to build a huge dyke having a large ditch 
on the one side — with the view of keeping 
back the Border thieves and preventing them 




HKN SI ILVICX, ASjiV.NT. 



getting the cattle acro.ss. Until lately a part of 
some ancient dyke and ditch was visible near 
Balerno, which was said to have been the 
Border robbers' dyke. But although the 
Borders were the locus of the raiders, yet the 
Highlands liad their creachadairs, who ha\e been 
quite as famous or infamous as their brethren of 
the South when the geographical conditions 
were suitable. Indeed there are some families 
in the Highlands who pride them.selves on their 
clan's name or connections, and whose ancestors 
have frequently marched to the strains of the 
gathering tune — " Tlwgail nam bo ihiid siiin." 
I believe that the raiders or creachudairs con- 
sidered this method of cattle lifting a more 
honourable way of making a living then, than 
buying a cow without paying for her, is to-day 
considered. The Highland humorist insinuates 
this very strikingly in the following colloquy: — 
Dougal. — "Did 
you hear that 
Sandy MacNab 
was taken to 
prison for 
s t e a 1 i n ' a 
coo!" Donald. 
— "Hoot, toot, 
the stupid ass, 
could he no 
bocht it and no 
paid for 't ] " 

Doniiachadh 
Odha r n a n 
Cieac/i, or Dun 
Duncan of the 
raids, which de- 
signation seems 
to be V e r y 
appropriate ac- 
cording to his 
description, was 
a native of Lewis, and depicted as a man of six 
feet and a half, with long shaggy dun hair and 
whiskers; a complexion rather unusual in 
Lewis, and which indicates an admixture of 
Norse blood in his veins. He wore a dim tartan 
kilt, whose shortness violated all the rules of 
etiquette, but was favourable to his mode of 
life ; he had a dun sporran made of the skin (if 
a calf ; a large claymore adjusted by a belt made 
from a hide of the same colour, and a stout stick 
from a well smoked rowan tree, attached to 
which was a strong hide thong, and which 
served the double purpose of a .stalf and whip 
as required. After he had subdued all the other 
cre.dchadairs in the island, and finding the Park 
Hills rather too narrow a scope for his calling, 
he furnished himself with .several boats or 
".'alleys and made fre<iueiit incursions to the 
West Coast of Sutherland, Itos.i, and Inverness- 



THE CELTIC INrONTIILY. 



203 



shire, which afforded a wider field for his opera- 
tions. He made several successful raids on 
Assynt, which incensed Macleod of Assynt so 
much that he swore by all that was holy that if 
Donnuchadh made another raid he would have 
him hanged to the walls of Ardvreck Castle and 
left there until he became as black as he was 
dun. Donnachadh was equally aggravated at the 
Macleod for depriving him of a splendid creach, 
during which he nearly lost his life at Lochinver, 
on one of his incursions upon the coast of Assynt. 
He determined to be upsides with the chief and 
his men. Donnachadh equipped himself and his 
retainers with the best arms that could be got, 
and set sail for the main-land. He landed 
somewhere on the North Coast of Lochbroom, 
some have it at Cean-chaoilis and others at 
Coigach, but more probably between both, 
according to the route taken by him, at a place 
called Bad-na h-urach, a small creek at the foot of 
Craigmore. Day was breaking on a fine 
summer morning when Donnachadh and his men 
landed, and looking around him, he stood 
motionless for a short time, as if reflecting on 
past errors, or speculating on future mishaps, or 
perhaps entranced with the wild and rugged 
sight before him. — 

"It was a barren scene and wild, 
Where naked clifl's were rudely piled." 

His reverie over he left one or two men in 
charge of the boats and marched up Glaic-bad- 
na h-urach, along Drumminie and into Elphin, 
Assynt. 

This part of the extensive parish of Assynt is 
termed Ard-Assynt, and is the most fertile 
district on the West Coast of Sntherlandshire 
and the cattle bred here had long been known 
to Cveachadairs as the best to be found at any 
season of the year. The sublime scenery of this 
place is picturesque and romantic; the mountains 
lofty but not rugged, and the green straths at 
their base famous for their fertility. This 
district was inhabitated by man from a very 
early period, which is proved by the various old 
buildings and quaint structures of the ancients. 
It was but early in the morning when Donnach- 
adh and his men arrived on the top of a small 
hill overlooking the whole district. He could 
not resist the beauty of the scene ; so he stood 
and gazed around him to view the magnificent 
spectacle. The sun was then clearing the 
shoulder of Benmore, whose serrated edges and 
quartziferous formation threw a dazzling bright- 
ness over the scene and Ben Suilven seemed in 
the distance engulfed in a sea of indistinct haze, 
showing the summit clear and like an island 
afloat in the air — the lazy smoke from the 
scattered houses rising straight, but slowly as 
there was not a breath of wind to aid it in its 



upward course, and the cattle were spreading 
themselves out over the plain, while the lark 
began its carol in the sky. But as Donnachad/i 
was more a lover of the creach than of nature, 
he resisted the charms of tlie latter and betook 
himself to the rougher and harder work which 
he had in view. He gave express orders to his 
men how to proceed and how to act in case of 
emergency. The men executed his commands 
as directed and in a very short time a large 
drove of cattle was collected, all in prime 
condition. So satisfied was Donnachadh with 
the drove that after getting it on the track for 
Lochbroom, he began singing the " Creachadair's 
return." He raised his hoarse voice to its 
highest pitch, either from joy at his success or 
as a defiance to the Assynt men, so that eacli 
hill re-echoed in its turn. The inhabitants of 
the distant hamlets were aroused from their 
accustomed quiet by the shouting of men and 
the bellowing of cattle, and on looking abroad 
saw to their dire loss the majority of their 
cattle driven at a rapid rate beyond their 
marches. A cry got up from house to house 
that Donnachadh Odhnr nan Creach was driving 
away their cattle. What was to be done? The 
chief with the best men and arms was either 
away on a similar expedition or was settling 
some feud on the borders of the county. How- 
ever, the brave men of Ard-Assynt were not 
dismayed ; both young and old took up the 
nearest available instrument, however rude and 
unwarlike, and gave chase to the creachadairs. 
They overtook them at Bldrdochan-ashe, now 
almost a small tarn between Drumminie and 
Elphin. Here a fierce struggle took place 
between DonnachadKs men and the men of 
Assynt, who were led by Uilleam Mac Thormaid 
Mhic Ailein 'ic Iain Mhoir. The Lewis men were 
completely routed leaving behind all the cattle 
and several of their companions dead or dying 
on the plain. The cattle were driven back by 
the victors, but a party of the more desperate of 
them thought of pursuing Donnachadh and his 
men with the view of despatching them or seeing 
them clear away from the coast. The raiders 
without looking behind made all haste to gain 
their boats, knowing that they were pursued by 
the infuriated Assynt men. On reaching the 
upper end of Glaic-had-na h-urach, and in sight of 
where their boats lay, they turned round and to 
their amazement saw that they were pursued 
by only a dozen men instead of two or three 
score HS they had thought. 

The Lewis men, enraged at the lo.ss of their 
creach and at so many of their companions being 
injured, faced their pursuers and a bloody fight 
took place with the result that all the Assynt 
men were killed except one who escaped up the 
burn-.siile. Donnachadh and his men reached 



i('4 



THE CKI/nC MONTHLY. 



their boats and made all speed for home, dis- 
appointed at the loss of the creach and several 
of his men, but on the other hand, overjoyed at 
the later result which had proved so fatal to his 
pursuers. 

Glaic-bad-iia h-uiach is a long narrow glen that 
intersects Craigmore from the sea to almost its 
extremity. It terminates at a point nearly 
surrounded by steep heathery braes and jierpen- 
dicular cliffs, with a craggy cascade over wliich 
How the waters of a muddy and mossy rill, 
fed by the overflow of several tarns in the 
district. Of the many mountainous regions of 
the Highlands, with which I am familiar, I do 
not know of another that is so entirely destitute 
of drinkable spring water as the vast mountain- 
district of Craigmore. This of course could be 
explained by geological agency, but which 
explanation doth not concern the theme of my 
story. It was at the end of this glen or corrie 
w'here the struggle took place that ended so 
fatally to the brave warriors of Assynt. On a 
semi-green and heathery mound beside the burn 
is a cairn of stones, said to mark the spot where 
the Assynt men fell, or to cover their remains. 
This corrie has been ever since called Coire-fhiv- 
Assynt. 

One tradition has it that DonnachaJh was 
slain at Bldr-loclian-aslie when the first fight 
took place ; another that he and his men were 
wrecked in the Minch on their way home and 
all drowned, a severe storm having sprung up at 
the instigation and intercession of a noted 
As.synt witch; a third again says that he was 
gored to death by an infuriated bull on the 
Park Hills in Lewis. The latter imputed end 
seems to be the most correct, as it is related 
that he was seen, many years after this, making 
a considerable dei)reiJation on Eddrachillis, a 
district of the West Coast of Sutherlandshire, 
where he was designated as Doiinacliadh 0<lhnr 
nam hi''. It is also said that he visited the West 
Coast of Ross-shin^ and Inverness-shire after 
the Assynt incident from whicli he took con- 
siderable craiclis and was known as Cicachatliir 
iiiur Lr.ttdliuis. 

During my emiuiries regarding this notorious 
jiersonage, I found that he is not much known 
in parts of Lewis, and that he seems to be 
confounded with another cieachii<l(tir, or that he 
had a different name. Doiinnchaitli Mac Hob ic 
Alutnif dliuibh is said to have been a noted 
citiwlmdair who was \'ery successful in all his 
expeditions, on which account, it is said, that 
he was in league with His Satanic Majesty. 
He was found killed under mysterious circum- 
stances on the Park Hills, and that the marks 
of the hoofs of the scaly monster were around 
where he was found, which circumstance indi- 
cates thiit his term of compact had expired. 



He was said to be very eccentric in his dress 
and was of very fair complexion ; this is probably 
the same individual. The dates I received as to 
the time at which he lived, had considerable 
variations, so much so that I consider it prudent 
not to give them at all, but as all oral traditions 
are the same, it is better to restrict them to 
between centuries rather than to be confined to 
certain years. Therefore it appears that Domi- 
iwhadh Odhar nan Creach lived sometiiiK^ in the 
sixteenth or seventeenth centuries. 

The good old days when " Right was Might " 
are gone ; they have vanished like vapours 
before the rising sun. Education has converted 
the ancient motto : — 

'' That tliey should take who ha\e the pov^'er, 
And they should keep who can." 

to the modern one : — 

"That they shoukl give who have the will, 
"And they should help each on." 

i.,ii„i„,,„i, Gkouge MORIilSOX. 



NEWS OF THE MONTH. 



Glasgow Cowal Shinty CLris. — Mr. William 
Robinson, who for several years ha.s acted as. Goal- 
keeper for this Club, was on 5tli Juno presented 
with a handsome Marble Timepiece by his Club- 
fellows on the occasion of his marria<^e. Mr. John 
Mackay, Kingston, President of the Club, made 
the presentation in the presence of a large atten- 
dance of members and friends, and an enjoyable 
evening was afterwards spent. 

Edinburgh Caledonian Pipers' Club. — The 
usual Sunnner Competition of this Club was held in 
the Royal (lymnasium Hall, Fettes Row, on Satin-- 
day Evening the 22nd inst. There was a very good 
turnout of Competitors, Members, and Spectators. 
One of the principal features of the meeting was 
the competition for the Silver Medal presented by 
Councillor Hay for Marches, Strthspeys, and Reels. 
The coveted Prize was finally carried otf by Piper 
\\illiam Robb, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 
who had won it on two previous occsisions. The 
handsome Challenge Cup which decides the Cliani- 
|iionship of the Club was secured by a young 
Member Piper, C. Dindjar, Glencorse. The Pipe- 
Major's Medal which carries along with it the 
honorary oftice of Pipe-Major of the Club for the 
I'usuing year, was deservedly won by Mnrdo 
Macrae, Piper to Mr. V. Cameron, Corrychoillie, 
Chief of the Cluh. At the conclusion of the com- 
jietition dancing was heartily engaged in by the 
whole company present and a most enjoyable 
evening was spent. 

The following is the Prize List -.— The Chih'.'< 
('liiiUei)iiif Cup, Piper Charles Dunbar, Glencor.-ic ; 
Till- VinVs UliaUemic Mi;Ud for Amitvurx, J. A. 
Center ; Gardner Medal tor P,7i)(,Wi.s, D. C. Mather ; 
llaii Medal, Piper William Robb; I'lpe-Major's 
Mrihd, Min-do Macrae, Pijier to the Chief; Medal 
for lloihland Flimi, D. C. Mather; MnM for 
'Shotlispe,! ami Heel, D. C. .Mather. 




WILLIAM GRAHAM, North Erines, 



n\ 



im CELTIC MONTHLY; 

A MAGAZINE FO^ HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 11. Vol. II.] 



AUGUST, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 





WILLIAM GRAHAM, J. P., 
OF NORTH ERINES. 

inrajHE subject of our 
V^ sketch was born 
^t^ in Glasgow, and 
is the younge.st son of 
the late Patrick Graham, 
Merchant, who was one 
of the Grahams of Kit- 
tochside. His mother 
was a Miss Lang, whose 
father u.sed to boast that as a boy he was fondled 
by Prince Charlie when passing the Lees, Stirling- 
shire, the family residence. Mr. Graham was 
educated at the High School and LTniversity of 
Glasgow. He afterwards entered the office of his 
brother, John Graham, CA., with whom sub- 
sequently he became a partner under the firm of 
J. A W. Graham (now Grahams <fe Co.), and 
carried on a large and successful business as 
Chartered Accountants. In addition to tiie many 
important trusts and audits which he conducted, 
he held various responsible public appointments. 
He was officially connected with the Burgh of 
Cove and Kilcreggan, where he resided during 
the summer months for twenty-seven yeais, and 
where he is still held in high esteem for his 
public and private services to the community. 

He retired from active business abuut ten 
years ago, and lias since largely devoted himself 
to charitable and educational pursuits. He has 
been for a long time an active director of the 
Glasgow Eye Infirmary, and last year was 
unanimously elected Chairman of the Glasgow 
General Education Endowments Board in succes- 
sion to the late Sir Michael Connal. He is also a 
Governor of the Logan and Johnston School of 
Domestic Economy, and an ex-Preses of the 
Graham Charitable Society, whose motto is — 
"For Grahams and Grahams' bairns, and all 
who sleep in Grahams' arms." 

In 1883, Mr Graham purchased the small 
residential estate of North Erines, Tarbert, 



Lochfyne,yjWhich property he lias greatly im- 
proved and beautified. From his professional 
experience he has rendered useful services to 
the county of Argyll, formerly as a Commissioner 
of Supply, and until lately as a County Coun- 
cillor. He is Chairman of the Parochial Board 
of South Knapdale, which he also represents on 
the Mid-Argyll District Committee. He is a 
J. P. of the County and Commissioner on Income 
Tax. 

Since he purchased North Erines he has 
heartily interested himself in Highland affairs, 
lending invaluable assistance to many of its 
charities. At the present time he happens to be 
the President of two of the premier Societies 
connected with Argyllshire — the Kintyre Club 
and the Glasgow Argyllshire Society — a position 
unique in itself and not likely to occur in the 
experience of another. He has joined the Gaelic 
Society of Gla.sgow, the Celtic Society, and the 
Argyllshire Gathering, and is a member of the 
Royal Highland Yacht Club. From his genial 
disposition and urbanity of manner he has made 
himself popular with all sorts and conditions 
of Highlanders. As a director of the West of 
Scotland Bible Society, he has been largely in- 
strumental in propagating the circulation of both 
the Gaelic and English versions of the Scriptures 
all over the Western Highlands. For thirty 
years he has been a devoted office-bearer of the 
Church of Scotland. He was one of its lay 
Representatives at the Pan-Presbyterian Council 
held at Philadelphia in 1880. He is an elder 
of the Tarbert Parish Church, of which he laid 
the Memorial stone in 1883. He has done much 
to encourage Young Men's Mutual Improvement 
Societies both in Glasgow and Argyllshire, by 
giving lectures, and otherwise. 

We trust that he may be long .spared in health 
and strength to enjoy his beautiful residence in 
Knapdale and to interest himself in every matter 
relating to the Highlands. All who listened to 
his interesting address as Chairman of the recent 
Re-union of the Natives of Kintyre in Glasgow, 
must have felt how warmly he sympathizes with 
those, who by force of circumstances have left 
"that school-boy spot 
We ne'er forget, though there we are forgot," 



206 



THE 'CELTIC MONTHLY. 



and how deeply he longs for the enforcement of 
the Small Holdings and Allotments Acts, in 
the hope of preserving, if possible, to the High- 



lands a remnant at least of our rural peasantry 
— of those "hardy sons of rustic toil," from whom 
old Scotia's greatness sprung. Editor. 



THE LAST MACDONALDS OF ISLA. 



By Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, F.S. A. (Scot.) 

Part IX. — Sir James MacDoxald; and 
Bond of the Clan Neill. 
{Continued from page 177). 
JAMES MACDONALD succeeded 
his father ^\.ngus, and was the last of the 
Macdonalds of Isla. Prior to his father's 
death, he had for years been taking the leading 
part in family atlairs, and may be said to have 
been nurtured and reared among scenes of 
\iolence and blood. 



.•#11 IK 

m 5 



The first document I have connected with 
him, is a Bond of the Clan Neill, wherein he is 
described as Apparent of Dunyvaig, dated at 
Killeonane, 18th July, 1.594, of which ufac-sifiiite is 
now given. The following is a modernized copy: — 

"At Killeonane, the 18th day of July, 159* 
years, the which day Hector Macneil, Donald Dhu 
Macneill, Lachlan Mor Macneill, John vie Eachin 
vie Neill, and John vie Gilliechallum Macneill has 
granted and also conferred, as by the tenor hereof, 
grants and confesses themselves and every one of 
them to liave taken the Right Honourable James 
MakConili of Simereby, Apparent of Dunyvaig, 
their foster maintainer, defender and master above 
any man, Angus MakConUl being excepted. And 






1<ii^,- ^^ 









ti.~.'^ T« f^i/J K.>.*- 



y ^../-Pj ^T-r^^-r^S^.^ ^.±A^,^ tf-;-W^' 




■A"^\i 



itl^.W-^z^'y^^^r-z-^^-ti'^i 










,T*-,fc ^rii^- 



n__;^_rj "-"J SJ^ tliil^ ' ' ."'^nf'lT'jiJdlt'^WtrMi' i 



ULAN NKILL liilNL), L'.IH 



by the tenor hereof, the present persons, and every 
one of them with all the ruiuaueut of their kin and 
s\iruanie of the olfspring that tlioy arc couie oti", 
promises truly and faitlifuUy to be fosters and 
foster fathers to the said James, and do their duty 
to him in all things that becometli theui, and as 
they are bound U> do. For the whicli doing, the 
said James promises truly and faithfully to uiaiutain, 
fortify, warrant, assist, and defend the foresaid 

1)eraons, and all their surname, defenders and 
tindly tenants in all their doings, and in all thing.s 
as bccometh a foster to do to such fosters and 
foster fathers. In token whereof both tlie .said 
James and the foresaid persons has subscribed those 



presents with their hands as follows. At Killeo- 
nane, the 18th of July, l.-iOt, buforo these wituosjej, 
Neill Buie M'Neill, Donald Makayne, Tormoyde 
M'Neill, Donald Madder M'Neill, and John 
Stewart, with other diverse. (Signed) Ja. M'Connall 
of Simerby, Hector M'Neill of Carskey with my 
hand, day, year, and place aforesaid. Wo 
Lachlan Mor M'Neill, John M'Aichan vie Neill, 
John M'GiUie Galium vie Neill, Donald M'Clery 
vie Neill, Mubnoric M'Neill, (idlie Calluni M'Neill, 
with our hands led on the pen. I, Donald Dhu 
M'Neill, son to Hugh M'Neill, with ray hand 
touching the pen. John Stewart, as witness and 
writer hereto." 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



207 



Sir James in some documents is described "of 
Simereby" in Kinchouslancl, in others "Master 
of Kintyre," and followed his father's course in 
endeavouring to strengthen tlie position of tlie 
family by means of Bonds of Manrent and 
frienaship. Killeonane was a two merk land, 
situated within the old Parish of Kilkerran, now 
incorporated witli the modern Parish of Cainp- 



l)elltown. The Bond was granted by the Mac- 
neils of Carskey, Cadets of the ancient house 
of Gigha. Hector, the principal subscriber, was 
doubtless the same person appointed in 1618 as 
interim keeper of the Castle of Kilkerran in the 
absence of Argyle. 

Between 1594 and 1590 James Macdonald 
received the honour of knighthood, as in the 




CI.AX MACDONALD 

hlandeis oi SLOthiiid," bv Kenneth Madeay, K> A., (.Tla'liJueiiVi 

Clans), published by Mr. Mitchell, London, in 1870. 

(1). Farquhar MacDonald, born in 1831, in the Island of Scalpa. 

(2). Lachlan MacDonald, born in 1830, at EUigoll, Strath, Skye. 



Book i}f the 



following Bond, dated 19th January, 1596, 
he is designed Sir James Macdonald of Knock- 
ransay, Master of Kintyre. The deed granted 
by Gillespie MakdufBe, indweller in Isla, and 
John Gromach Mac vie Eachan, indweller in 
Colonsay, is as follows, modernized : — 
~ " At Glasgow, the 19th day of January, the year 
of God, fifteen hundred, [four score, and sixteen 
years, the which day we Gillespik Makdutiie, in- 



dweller in Isla, and John Groiarae Mac vie Eachene, 
indweller in Colonsay, <{rants and confesses us by 
the faith and truth of our bodies to have taken and 
accepted Sir James MakConell of Knockrynsay, 
Knycht, Master of Kintyre, as our only Lord and 
Master, and promises faithfully never to leave the 
said Sir James during our lifetime, and shall main- 
tain, assist, fortify, and defend the said Sir James, 
contrar all men whatsomever to the uttermost of 
our power, in all things and at all times herafter. 



208 



^THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Fur the wliich doing, 1, the said Sir James promises, 
ivs also grants me to have received the foresaid 
persons in my maintenance, protection, and defence, 
and sliall defend and assist them in all their lawful 
adoes in contrar of all men whatsomever. In token 
whereof we have subscribed these presents with our 
liaiids as afterfoUows day, year, and place foresaid, 
before these witnesses, Alexander Makdongall, 
Parson of Kildaltone, Johne M'Cay and John 
Stewart, servitors to the said Sir James, with others 
diverse. (Signed) Sir J. M'Connall of Knockransay, 
Knyt; J. Gillespie Makduphie in Hay, with my 
hand touchand the pen, day and year, and place 
foresaid. I, Johne Groiame Mac vie Eacheane in 
Colonsay, ^vith my hand touching the pen, day, 
year, and place foresaid. '" 

Sir James married Margaret Campbell of 
Calder, and although there are references to a 
proposed divorce in the year 1621, after Sir 
James' return from abroad, they seem to 
have been a devoted couple. He frequently 
refers to Margaret in his letters, and she at his 
trial in 1607, for the affair of Askomell formerly 
referred to and other crimes, exerted herself 
vigorously to get Mr. John Russell, Advocate, 
to compear for her husband, going to him per- 
sonally, and making protest at his declinature. 
Sir James had to defend himself notwithstanding 
a warrant by the Lords of Secret Council, allow- 
ing Counsel to appear for him ; and to his eternal 
disgrace, and contrary to universal custom and 
etiquette of the bar, "The said Mr. John Russell 
refused to compear." Sir James was found 
guilty and sentenced to death. The sentence 
was not carried into etfect, and Sir James who 
had been confined for upwards of two years, 
first in Blackness and afterwards in Edinburgh, 
lingered in prison until 1615. Several of Sir 
James' letters have been preserved, from which 
some extracts may be given. To the Duke of 
l^ennox, 27th June, 1607 : — 

"I am willing to accept what His jSIajesty will 
bestow on me, either in my own kindly room, or in 
any other part of his kingdoms, and shall find 
caution for my obedience, which I beseech 
>'our Grace to report to His Majesty, and that Yoiu: 
(irace will get me that favour as to be banished, 
rather than I be in this misery." 

To the Earl of Caithness from 11a, "Jud July, 
1615:— 

" And I beseech your Lordship so far as you can, 
stop the Campbells to get any euiiiloymunts against 
me, for they care not how much they trouble the 
country, and put His Majesty to charges needless." 
Sir James made his escape from Edinburgh 
Castle, being informed that ('alder had got 
warrant to ])Ul liim to death in a letter to the 
ivii 1 of Caithness, without date, he says : — 

"(iif the Council be curious to know whom it 
Has that Calder said to he had the warrant for 
taking my life,— the Prior of Ardchattan, and Mac- 
(lougull his son Allan Macdougall, is my authors, 
and they will not nor cannot deny it. Also Caldor's 



own agent, James Mowatt, made no secret thereof, 
for he told it both to the Earl of Crawfuird and 
Mackintosh." 

In a letter to the Bisliop of the Isles, 3rd 
June, 1615, Sir James says of the Campbells: — 

' ' Wha crawis ever to fish in drumly waters " — 
(who ever crave to fish in troubled waters), — an 
expression characterized by Pitcairn, as a "well 
merited though bitter sarcasm." 

In another letter to the Bishop, Sir James 
says : — 

" Therefore I beseech Your Lordship, seeing my 
Race has been ten hundred years kindly Scottish 
men, under the Kings of Scotland, and were 1 
willing to live upon any poor part of that which our 
forbears had, and 1 to find secm-ity for all that 
becomes loyal subjects to do, both for myself and 
my whole kin that follows me, that Your Lordship 
will, as you ever do, intercede for me at His 
Majesty's hands to see what grace or favour Your 
Lordship may obtain for me, and in particular to 
see given without diminishing His Majesty's com- 
moditie. T may have the Island to myself, ami my 
kin to sustain ns," — and again — " if Your Lordship 
may get me any favourable conditions by His 
Majesty, you may assure yourself I will give you 
the House (of Dunyvaig), providing it be in your 
hands, and none of the Campbells to get it." 

In a letter to the Earl of Crawford, dated 
Dunyvaig, 3rd July, 1615, Sir James Macdonald, 
who then held it, says : — 

"1 trust in God that all the Campbells in Scot- 
land, without His Majesty's power, shall not receive 
it so long as they live." 



A BRAVE HIGHLAND GIRL. 



MJ^ MONG other admirable traits of character 
^j^MT once peculiar to the Highlanders, but, 
<^J^=s alas ! fast disappearing, was tliat of 
fidelity of servants to their employers. 

In my young days it was quite usual for 
servants to stay ten, fifteen, or even twenty 
years with the same family — all that is changed 
now. 

Talking of servants, reminds me of tlie story 
of a very faithful girl who had l)cen many years 
witii an old couple who lived in a lonely part of 
the Highlands. This servant was so faithful 
and courageous that, several times, she had been 
left in entire charge of the house, although it 
was known to contain much valuable silver 
plate. 

One one occasion, she was thus left alone. 
During the tlav she was so occupied with house- 
hold ail'airs that she did not feel the time pass. 
At night, however, she felr an '"eerie" feeling 
creep over lier, as .siie sat knitting at the lireside. 
Presently siie heard a rustling movement outside, 
and, looking up, saw, in the moonlight, t|ie 
shadow of a man's figure pass the window. 




CAPTAIN JAMES MACKAY, 
1st V.li. WiltsJdre Jifgiment, 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



209 



Seizing an axe that lay near, she ran upstairs 
into the room where the valuables were kept. 
Standing at the window, she saw a ladder placed 
directly under it and a man ascending. Her 
first impulse was self protection, but her sense 
of duty constrained her to stay there and protect 
her master's property. So she stood quietly 
behind the window curtain till there w-as a crash 
of glass, then a man's head and shoulders were 
thrust in. Springing forward, Mary struck him 
on the side of the head with the sharp side of 
the axe. Muttering a deep imprecation, the 
robber disappeared. 

Next day when her master and mistress 
returned, Mary told them her story. Going up- 
stairs, they discovered one of the robber's ears 
on the floor, where it had been cut off by the 
blow from Mary's axe. They were loud in their 
gratitude and praise of Mary for her bravery 
and faithfulness. 

The story of this adventure became widespread 
in the neighbouihood, when one day a well- 
dressed good-looking young man called, and, ask- 
ing to see Mary, said he had come a long distance 
to see one who had done such a meritorious act. 
Poor Mary, in her quiet uneventful life, was so 
unaccustomed to compliments or attentions from 
young men, that she was quite taken with this 
fascinating stranger. He became a frequent 
visitor at the house, and, at last, proposed to 
Mary. She could hardly credit that such a 
"grand gentleman" should wish to marry a 
poor servant girl. However, he assured her he 
really was in earnest, so she consented to go 
witli him. She knew nothing of his family or 
circumstances further than that, in order to get 
to his home, they must drive many miles through 
thick forests. So, bidding a tearful farewell to 
her friends, after the marriage ceremony, they 
drove away. For the first few miles her husband 
was kind and attentive to her, till they entered 
a dark wood when Mary noticed a scowling look 
in his face and his manner become short and 
snappish. She sat quietly beside him, till a 
gust of wind blowing right in their faces blew 
the man's unusually long hair away from the 
side of his head, when, to her horror, she dis- 
covered he had only one ear ! For many miles 
they drove on in silence, when a shrill whistle 
resounded through the wood, followed by the 
ap]3earance of a dark fierce-looking ruffian, who, 
in a low voice, muttered a few words to the 
other man, and without appearing to notice 
Mary, jumped into the conveyance. At last 
they came to a small wayside inn, when, giving 
his horse in charge to his companion, Mary's 
husband hurried her into the inn. A servant 
girl then took her into a small back room, where 
she was left alone for some time. Presently she 
heard the two men come in from the stable. 



" Does she know yet who you are. Bill?" she 
heard the ruffian ask. "No," her husband's 
voice answered, "but she will know soon to her 
cost who I am, she shall pay me for my ear 
with her life. Tiiere is no time to be lost. Let 
us go now into the thickest part of the forest to 
dig a grave for her." Suiting the action to the 
word, she heard them both walk away. She sat 
for sometime thinking how best to escape. If she 
attempted running away by the road on which 
they had come, she knew they could easily over- 
take her on horseback, while, if she hid in the 
forest she was sure to lose her way. The only 
means of escape, for her, she thought, was to 
take the horse out of the stable and harness it 
as quietly as possible, while her would-be mur- 
derers were digging her grave. She found that 
by raising the lower sash of the window she 
could easily get out that way, which she did, 
and, finding her way to the stable, harnessed the 
horse and led it along at slow pace till out of 
hearing, when she drove furiously. This she 
continued doing till daybreak brought her in 
sight of her old home, where she told her adven- 
ture, to the horror of the listeners. When the 
horse was unharnessed, the conveyance was 
found to contain a box with an enormous sum 
of money in it. Search was made in all the 
surrounding country for the robbers, but no 
trace of them was to be found. 

As the robber had married Mary legally and 
was therefore bound to provide for her, it was 
decided that she had every right to her husband's 
money, so she became heiress to many thousands, 
but continued to live with her old master and 
mistress, as friend and companion till the end of 
their lives. 

Many years after, an old tramjj was found 
dead at the roadside with only one ear. 

Strontian, Loch Sunart. (Mrs.) D. MacLeAN. 



Clan MacLean. — A Committee Meeting of this 
As.sociation was held on Friday, 6th July, Mr. John 
MacLean, Vice-President, in the Chair, when 
arrangements were made that the Annual Clan 
Gathering be held in the Waterloo Rooms, on 
Friday, 26th October, Sir Fitzroy Donald MacLean, 
Bart. , Chief of the Clan, in the Chair. 

Ik 1745, at the time of the rebellion, the Duke of 
Argyll gave a grand ball in honour of the Kintyre 
men who had taken up arms on the side of the 
government. The Duke danced to the playing of 
MacLeolan, a famous piper. When His Grace had 
finished, he said to the musician, " You are the 
sweetest player ever I heard, and you are the most 
ill-looking man I ever saw." The piper immediately 
replied, with a touch of irony, "I think it was the 
same tailor that shaped us both." Even a Duke finds 
at times that he is only human after all, and that the 
" clothes " make all the difference. 



210 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



CAPTAIN JAMES MACKAY, F.S.A. 



|p|3|HE Parish of Latheron, Caithness, can 
VJ^ claim as natives a larger share of distin- 
^^)^ guished professional, military, and success- 
ful business men all over the world than any other 
in the North. This because here chiefly settled 
the Celts from 
Sutherland, and 
their qualities 
were improved 
and intensified by 
the blend with the 
restless energy, 
frankness, and 
sturdy indepen- 
dence of the native 
sons of the Viking. 

A typical speci- 
men of this happy 
mixture of Celtic 
and Norse blood 
is the subject of 
our sketch. His 
pedigree is easily 
traced. His ances- 
tors, even among 
a hospitable 
people, have been 
famed for their 
hospitality and 
frank generosity. 
To no family may 
the well-known 
proverb "A' h-ui/fi 
ffar a tht'id n 
(Iholaidh, gheabh i: 
dolar o Mhac- 
Aoidh," be more 
justly applied. 

Over a hundred 
years ago li i s 
great grandfather 
James, descended 
from the Bighouse 
liranch of the Clan 
Mackay, settled 
in JJerriedale. 
He had several 
holdings in the 
Lang we 11 Strath — 

Fixity of tenure even in a degree has only (juito 
recently become a reality in the North. His 
•grandfather William had tlie important liolding 
of Borgue and afterward.s occupied liraeclett in 
Braemore, and it was here he l)rouglit home as 
wife'Janet Gunn of the Kildonan MacHamishes, 
whose^ engagement with the famous Allister 
Gunn, Tacksman of Dalnaglatan was broken ofl" 



by his premature death. She was a great 
beauty, and is the heroine of the well-known 
song — "Is hoidheach am hoirioniiach Seiyiiaid 
Giiiiie, a-ro-horo !,< nicli liaro." His father 
Donald settled in Braemore, aTid he took for 
wife Jane Macivor, niece of the then local factor, 
and whose pedigree can be traced to the Macivors 
who came to Caithness with " Glenorchy," but 
unlike him settled 
in the Norse or 
T-owland part of 
the County. 

Captain Mackay 
is the fourth son 
(if this union, and 
his career has been 
worthy of his fore- 
bears. Receiving 
his early education 
from the late J. 
W. Mackay, after- 
wards Town-clerk 
of Wick, he enter- 
ed the office of 
William Miller, 
/'ritnii!), Wick, 
— theablest lawyer 
produced by Caith- 
ness. With a good 
literary education 
and a thorough 
grounding in 
method and busi- 
ness habits, he 
"held South." 
Practical Cloth 
manufacture he 
learned at Stroud, 
(Jloucestershire, 
thereafter he ac- 
cept<'d a share in 
the firm of W. H. 
Tucker A Co., 
Trowbridge, where 
an elder brother 
was already a 
partner. Jt will 
lie enough to state 
that the business 
h'ls been conduc- 
ted and developed 
with credit and 
considerable success. 

Captain Mackay is a many sided man. His 
ancestral martial ardour has found fitting outlet 
in Volunteering, and even apart from his admir- 
able tact and knowledge of men, his commanding 
appearance and bearing are enough to demand 
the enthusiastic respect in which he is justly held 
by his Company of the 1st Wiltshire Regiment 




THE CELTIC iMONTHLY. 



211 



Antiquarian, Architological, and Literary 
pursuits are to him most congenial, and many a 
well earned holiday has he spent trying to un- 
earth the forgotten story of the Picts. Several 
communications, particularly about a Pict's 
House opened by him in conjunction with the 
Duke of Portland, at Ousedale, have a])peared 
in the Transactions of the Soriety of Antiquaries, 
of which he is a Fellow. 

In 1877 Captain Mackay married Ellen 
Florence, daughter of Mr. John Bioomhall, J.P. 
for Surrey, who although she was born in India 
takes as much interest in, and has as much love 
for the Highlands and Highland traditions as 
even her husband has. 

In his Clan, and in the people and things of 
his native Caithness and Sutherland he has 
always taken a lively, warm, and substantial 
interest. Last year he was Vice-President of 
the Clan Mackay Society, of which his oldest 
lirother, Alexander,is now President. His hearty 
welcome, absolute frankness, and abounding 
generosity, — in which in his wife he has a very 
meet companion, — either at Trowle, Trowbridge, 
or at the picturesque Highland Home of his 
brother at Ousedale, Caithness, makes the heart 
even of the greatest stranger " warm to the 
Tartan." 

Dunbeath. A DAM MaCKAV. 



GAELIC AIRS TO LOWLAND SONGS. 

Bv Malcolm MacFaklane. 

From Alhyn's Antholooy (1810). 

{Continued from page 166). 

77. Robi dona gorach. Leave thee, loth to 
leave thee — by the Editor. This air has already 
been referred to (see page 88, Vol L'). There it is 
named "Robaidh doyin gorach" according to the 
spelling usually found in song-books. But the 
word in italics is also found donna. Bonn 
seems to be an error, as the following verse 
taken down from the singing of Miss MacLeod 
of Roudle in Harris in 1815, testifies: — 

Key V. Robi Dona Gorach. 

\ . If .tn :r .d |1, :d .1, |s, :1, .d |r :r . 

/ Holii ilona giu-acil an comhnuidh 'gam ianaidh, 

j -"Is .n :r .d 11, :d .1, Is, :1, .d |d :d. 

\ Gu 'n d' innis mi jf'aiii dhe6in duit nafh pusainii am l)liadhna ; 

j . If .,n :f .s II :s .d'|s.,n:r .nls :1 . 

I 'S mijrgu 'm b'annsa Tearlach a ghn.ath an cois an t-sliiibhe 

I .d'js .ri :r .d |1, :d .1, Is, :1, .d jd :d.|| 

( Na Robi dona gftraoh a dh' ftladli a li'ine. 



78. Cha teid mis' a diaoiilh. Nora's vow — by 
Sir Walter Scott, being a free translation of the 
original. 

79. Ma 's tu mo mliathair. Now Winter's 
wind — by the Editor. This air is united to an 
Ossianic ballad. 

80. Faill ithill o ro. I'll ne'er return more — 
by the Editor. A St. Kilda melody. 

81. 'S e do mholadh. Our Heroes return — 
by William Smith. 

82. Creag ghuanach. The hawk swhoops on 
high — by the Editor. This .song is given in 
" The Killin Collection " to a different air, 
page 71:. 

83. Tha 'ghaoth an iar cho caithreamach. 
i) sing ye children of the brave — by Fairbairn. 

84. Gur niuladach tha mi. The Royal Suffer- 
er's farewell — by the Editor. This song is better 
known as An Talla 'm bu ghuath le MacLeoid, 
and is given along with the music slightly 
differing from that in Albyn's Anthologv, at page 
8.5, Vol. 5 of "The Gael." 

8."). Tha tighinn fodham eirigh. Rise and 
follow Charlie. 

86. Ribhinn aluinn 's tu mo riui. Come my 
liride — by the Editor. This air is referred to 
at page 118 of this volume, number 17. It is 
universally known as " Gloomy Winter's noo 
awa." The air and the words of the Song are 
claimed by the Editor in a footnote which I 
here quote : — 

The Editor, in thus claiming an early composition 
of his own, feels a mingled sensation of diffidence 
and satisfaction in venturing to insert it in a Selec- 
tion such as the present. But as the trifle in 
question has been honoured with public approbation 
for many years past, and has been considered by 
many, nay even professional men, as one of our 
oldest Tunes, it becomes the duty of the Composer 
to state briefly, yet distinctly the fact, and leave it 
thus on record. In the year 1783, while the present 
Writer was studying counterpoint and composition, 
and turning his attention to National Music, he 
made essays in that style, one of which was the 
Melody to which he has united Gaelic and English 
verses of his own, written for Albyn's Anthology. 
It was originally composed as a Strathspey ; and in 
the year 17'J1 or 92, it was published and inscribed to 
the Rev. Patrick M'Donald of Kilmore, the 
Editor of the " Collection of Highland Airs" men- 
tioned in the Preface of the present Work. In Mr. 
Nathaniel Gow's Collection, this Strathspey is 
called " Lord Balgoicnij's Delight," and pointed out 
as a " very ancient air." It has since been published 
by Mr. J. M'Fadyen of Ghisgow, under the title of 
,' (fUiomij Winter's note aira," a Scottish Song, 
written by R. Tannahill, with Symphonies and 
Accompaniments by B. A. Smith. Wherefore, it 
being now reclaimed, this indispensible egotism 
will freely be pardoned by every liberal and candid 
mind, when a Writer, in order to do himself 
justice, embraces a fair opportunity, as in the 
present instance, of doing so. 



212 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



HIGHLAND WIT AND HUMOUR. 



By "FiONN." 










.^/^F late yearsJCockney and Lowland Tour- 
Ww^j ists have invaded the fortresses of the 

'^*=^ Gael, nor has the incursion been resisted 
beyond the impost of a swinging tax in the 
shape of hotel liills and charges for guides. 
Hotel keepers and guide.s are inclined to con- 
sider Tourists their S))ecial prey, and many stories 
are told of the stratagem practised by both to 
fleece the Sasimiiuc/i whose pockets are supposed 
to he lined with gold. 

A Cockney having reached Arran, determined 
to climb GoatfoU without a guide. Reaching 
the foot of the mountain, he informed the guides 
who offered their services of his intention. The 
guides could not see the fun of being deprived 
of a day's work, and so they forthwith proceeded 
to warn the Tourist that his project was a mad 
one, that lie might lose his way and that he 
would certainly miss some of the finest sights. 
All was of no avail, the Cockney although some- 
what alarmed was determined to keep to his 
resolution. "Well," says Donald, as he pretended 
to withdraw — "since you will not have a guide, 
good luck to you. Mind you don't miss the 
Clavh-hhodharr— or Deaf -stone." 

" What stone?" demands the Cockney. 



"Oh, on the top of Goacfell," replies Donald, 
" there is a stone that wight well be called 
enchanted. When you stand upon that stone, 
no sound can reach your ears." 

"Really?" says the Cockney, gaping. 

" Aye a thunder storm might burst over your 
head and you would not hear it," added Donald, 
with feigned concern. 

" Most wonderful," exclaimed the Tourist. 
"How shall I know the stone ! Do tell me." 

"Not very easily," i-eplied Donald, "it is only 
known to guides. However as a favour J will 
try and explain to you where it is." 

Here Donald entered into an explanation that 
sounded like Greek to the Cockney — who capitu- 
lated at once and told Donald to " conip along." 

Near the top of the mountain they came to a 
large boulder which Donald declared was the 
enchanted stone. The Cockney at once took up 
his position on it, and begged the guide to stand 
a few steps ofTand to shout at the top of his voice. 

Donald began to make all sorts of contortions, 
placing his hands to his mouth as if to carry the 
sound ; but not a whisper reached the ears of 
the Tourist. Donald began to get blue in the face. 

" Take a rest Donald, you will make yourself 
hoarse. It is most wonderful. Not a sound 
has reached my ear. Now you go and stand on 
the stone and I will shout." 

They changed places. The Cockney shouted 
with all his might. Donald did not move a muscle. 

"Don't you hear anything!" cried the poor 
Cockney. 

Donald was not so silly as to fall into the trap. 
He simply demanded the Cockney to shout louder. 

" It's wonderful,'' remarked the Tourist, as he 
sat down to take a rest. " I never saw any- 
thing so remarkable all my life," and putting 
his hand in liis pocket he drew out a golden 
guinea and placed it into Donald's hand, adding 
"I would not have missed this on any account." 

Sitting beside the Driver of a Highland Coach 
a Tourist remarked, " Dear me, Donald, are 
there no milestones on this roadi" " Hoch yes," 
was the reply, "the last milestone was a big tree, 
and the next is an inn where they keep a good 
dram." Donald got his dram ! 

Ronald accompanied an English sportsman 
who was a wretched shot. After each shot the 
gillie considered it ])roper to make some remark 
to soothe the feelings of the sportsman. These 
remarks took the shape of " Yon one got a big 
fright," "If he stayed yonder he got it" or 
"Yon one will know a gun again." Such obser- 
vations only exa.sperated the Cockney who 
tuincd on the gillie saying, "Stop your infernal 
clatter, what would it matter to 3'ou if I blazed 
a ton of powder into the air," to which Donald 
meekly replied, " Vou would not need a gillie 
to do that." 




ATHOLL MACGREGOR. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



213 



ATHOLL MACGREGOR, DUNKELD. 

^^THOLL MACGREGOR, President of 
^j^^ tte Clan Gregor Society, whose portrait 
<^~^ we now present to our readers, is second 
son of the late Sir John Atholl MacGregor by 
Mary Charlotte, daughter of the celebrated 
Admiral, Sir Thomas Hardy. 

Sir John, his father had served in the 
Austrian Cavahy, and was noted for horseman- 
ship among those who were then considered 
the best riders. 

For some years Curator on part of the Atholl 
Estate, he settled on family pro2oerty and 
bunt the present house of Edincbip. 

A thorough Highlander and an enthusiastic 
sportsman of the old type, he was a general 
favomite among all classes in the Perthshure 
Highlands, and his feats on mountain and moor, 
in Glenartney, Glen TUt, and Rannoch are 
still quoted by the older inhabitants. His 
prematm-e death at the age of forty, a few 
weeks after assuming the Governorship of the 
Virgin Islands, was regretted by a wide circle 
of relations and friends. 

The subject of our sketch proceeded from 
Haileybmy in 1855 to join the Madi-as Civil 
Service, visiting en route the Crimea, where 
hostile shots were still being exchanged. 

Arriving in India shortly before the great 
Mutiny he was detached to an insolated post, 
seventy miles from head quai'ters, to watch the 
lawless Clans on the Madura coast, and later 
was deputed as Special Magistrate to hold in 
check the Malabar Moplahs, a tribe of fanatical 
Mahometans, who related to those in the 
Soudan, and numbering nearly half a million, 
had recently mui'dered the Chief Magistrate. 
During the nine years he served among them 
only one outbreak occiu-red, which was quelled 
the same day, his measiu'es receiving the 
approval of the Madras and Home Govern- 
ments. \Yheu in 1870 Local Government was 
extended to the Madras Provinces Mr. Mac- 
Gregor, as Chief Civil Officer of Malabar, was 
able to carrj' to completion a system of Roads 
and Bridges, Elementary Education, and Town 
Conservancy thi-oughout this, probably the 
largest District in India, where his long 
pre\'ious experience had given him a thorough 
insight into the character and requii'ements of 
the people and country. 

Of his twenty-live years serrice the last five 
were spent in the coveted post of British 
Resident in Travancore, and retiring in 1881 
he settled in Perthshire where he stiU serves 
his countiymen in various capacities, as Member 
of the County Council for the Dimkeld Dirision, 
Chau'man of the Limacy Board, and Bench of 
Magistrates, Governor of the Eoval School, 



Representative for St. Marj''s in the Episcopal 
Chuixh Council and Member of its Clergy 
Fund, etc., and last, but not least, as President 
of the Clan Gregor Society, in connection with 
which he has done most excellent and useful 
work. Under his Presidentshij), to which office 
he has just been re-elected for a further tei-m 
of three years, the Membership of the Society 
has not only been much increased, but chief!}' 
on his initiation a special branch has been 
added, by which deserving persons of the Clan 
Gregor can be assisted in making prorident 
aiTiuigements by way of efl'ecting insurance on 
their Uves for the benefit of themselves or their 
famihes, or for prorision for themselves after a 
certain age, or in case of sickness, or by giving 
aid in cases of exceptional necessity. This impor- 
tant branch is now in complete working order 
and is credited with considerable funds. It is 
therefore hoped that it may result in great 
benefit to those for whose assistance it was 
inaugurated. 

The numerous trophies of large game which 
adorn the walls of Eastwood bear evidence of 
the keenness with which he pui'sued sport in 
the intervals of business, and but for an out- 
break of cholera which prevented H.R.H. 
the Prince of Wales from carrying out the 
intended sporting torn- on the Travancore Hills 
he might possibly have emulated the deed by 
which his ancestor won the Clan motto and 
ai-morial beaiiugs. He married, in 1878, Caro- 
line IJ aiy Stewart, eldest daughter of Sii- Robert 
Menzies, a lady who by her kindliness of heart, 
wide sympathies, and gracious bearing has, in 
the neighboiu'hood of her home, as well as in 
Travancoie, and in a more extended sphere, 
divring the last two years at the Palace of 
Holyrood House, won golden opinions from all 
sorts and conditions of men and women. 

■rosienor rescen , AxEXANDEK M'GrIGOR. 



BoHNK Copies of Volu.mes II. — As we wiU 
be able to supply only a very limited number of 
copies of this handsome volume, those who wish 
any are requested to apply to the Editor at once. 
The prices are — Buund hi strong leather, with gilt 
lettering, 8|-; Cloth, (i/O. 

Clan Mack.\y Society Bursary. — We beg to 
remind clansmen who intend competing for this, 
and the St. Andrews University Bursaries, that the 
examinations are to take place in Sutherland and 
Caithness early in August, and those who intend 
competing are requested to communicate at once 
with Mr. Thomas Mackay, 40 Henderson Row, 
Edinburgh, Ediicatvinal Sirrvfnrij. 

We understand that a new volume of the "Waifs 
and Strays of Celtic Tradition'' by the late Rev, 
J. Gregorsun Campbell of Tiree, is in preparation 
for the press. 



214 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 



TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

All Conimtinicatiorm, on literary nnd business 
matters, should he ndrlressed to the Editor, Mr. JOHS 
MACKAT, 17 Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgow. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.— The CELTIC 
MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and all 
countries in the Postal Union — for one year, 4«. 



The 



Celtic Monthly 

AUGUST, 1894. 



WiLUAsi Graham, J.P., of North Brinks (with plate), • 205 

The Last Macdosalds of Isla, Part 9 (illustrated), - • 206 

A Bravb HioiiLAND Girl, 208 

Captain jA.Mr.8 Mackat (with plate), 210 

Garlic Airs to Lowland Songs, 211 

Highland Wit and Htmocr, 212 

Atholl MacGreoor, Di-NKELD (with plate), .... 213 

To our Readers, 214 

Our Musical Page— MARBHR.4NN Culoinn Ruspainn— The 

Respond Family Elegy, 215 

Tub Highland Brigade at Waterloo (illustrated), - - 216 

George J. Mackay, Eendal (with plate), .... 219 

Highlanders in the Archer Guard of France, - - - 220 

Thomas Greer, J.P., F.R.O.S. (with plate), • • - - 221 

OHIBFTAIN8II1P OF THE OlAN MacKiNNON, .... 221 
SOEUL NO DOA MU DHONNACHIDH BAN, 222 

Doiiaverty AND ITS TRADITIONS (illustrated), - • - 223 

OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS. 



With our next issue we will complete the second 
volume of the Celtic Monthly. It will, we. trust, be 
conceded that the promise which we made at the 
beginning of the volume to steadily improve its 
literary and artistic departments has been most 
amply fulfilled, and our ideal of what a thoroughly 
patriotic Highland magazine ought to be is pretty 
nearly attained in the present number. It will, we 
think, compare favourably with any magazine pub- 
lished at the price. However, we intend malsing 
some further improvements in the next volume, not 
the least important of which will be an attractive 
cover, embellished with appropriate Celtic ornamenta- 
tion, which is being S])ecially designed by a High, 
lander of rfpute in artistic circles. We are at present 
engaged in arranging a prospectus of contributions 
for next volume, and we hope in September issue to 
place a most interesting programme before our 
readers. All the gentlemen whoso valuable contribu- 
tions appear so frequently in our pages have promised 
to continue their support, and their names alone is a 
Bure guarantee that the high reputation which the 
CtUic Monthly has already achieved will be fully 
maintained. We intend, further, giving special atten- 
tion to the artistic department, which has become one 
of the most attractive features of the magazine. 
However, next month we will be better able to lay 
before our reailers a complete statement regarding 
our future arrangements. 

Having on our part promised this much we expect 
our large circle of readers will continue to extend to 



us their hearty support. We depend largely upon 
our Annual Subscribers, who are to be found in every 
quarter of the globe, and to them we again confidently 
appeal. We are most anxious to complet e our List of 
Annual Subsc ribers for next volume, and will e steem 
it a favour if those mlw intend renewing their sub- 
scripf ion x for another year would ki7idly Jill up the 
enc losed order form, and forward it, with postal 
order for 41; to the Editor, Celtic Monthly, 17 
Dundas Street, Kingston, Glasgov\ at once. We 

trust that our readers will give this matter their 
immediate attention. 

A Title page and list of contents for the 
present volume will be given with nest number. 

Wk have to express our indebtedness to Mr. Graham "| 
of North Erines for kindly providing the charming 
views which accompany the article on " Dunaverty •," 
and to Mr. Millar (of Messrs. William Cross & Co., 
45 Montrose Street), for permitting us to reproduce 
the two plates representing the Clans Mac Donald, 
Sutherland, and Mackay from his copy of the Queen's 
Book of the Scottish Highlanders. Mr. Millar 
possesses one of the finest collections of rare Highland 
books and curious prints we ever had the pleasure ot 
viewing. 

MacMillan Hunting Tartan. — We are living in 
a time when the clan spirit of former days has been 
quickened, and every clansman aspires to do some- 
thing to add to the good name of his clan. Messrs. 
MacMillan of Partick have done their clan a service 
and that in a practical way. They have designed for 
their clan a new Hunting Tartan, which in every 
respect is a decided improvement upon the older 
tartan. It is modest in its colours, and yet sufiiciently 
bright and artistic to produce a most pleasing effect. 
The designers have shown good taste in their work, 
and we have no doubt hut the tartan, which they 
euphoniously call " Breacanseilgmhicghillemhaoil," 
will become very popular among members of 
the Clan MacMillan. Wo desire to congratulate 
Messrs. MacMillan on the success of their design. 



OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



We will present our readers with lifelike plate 
portraits of Sir Charles A. Cameron, M.D.,F.R.C.S.I., 
Dublin, Chieftain of the Clan Cameron, who will be 
appropriately represented in the Highland dress ; and 
Messrs. A. K. Sandison, Southampton (a notable 
Caithnessian), and A. W. Martin, Secretary, Gaelic 
Society of London. In addition to these a large 
variety of contributions will appear, wliich will be 
profusely illustrated, and portraits will also appear of 
welbknown Gaels. Our next number will be as 
attractive as any we have yet issuinl. 

The following new works of Highland interest have 
reached ns just as we go to press, and will be 
reviewed in our next number : — " Transactions of the 
Gaelic Society of Inverness;" "Talcs of the Ilcithcr" 
by Emma Hose Mackenzie; "A Visit to StafTa and 
lona" by Malcolm Ferguson; and also the "Irish 
Gaelic Journal." 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 
OUR MUSICAL PAGE. 



215 



THE^following Elejiy to the Respond Family is by 
Rob'Donn, the Sutherland Bard : — 

The Respond Family consisted of two brothers 
who lived together in single blessedness. Tliey 
were mean, sordid misers. They had a stock of 
sheep and cattle on the hills. They amassed gold, 
and like the man in the parable, hid it in the earth, 
in a spot it is said where from their house window 
they could see its hiding place. They had a liouse- 
keeper. In the dead of winter, and late on a 
Saturday night, a poor woman came to their door 
for shelter, but they closed it in her face, an act. 



which at that time, and for at least one hundred 
yeai's subsequent was in those parts looked upon as 
a heinous crime. Before that night week the three 
were dead. The house-keeper first and the brothers 
within a day and a night of one another. The trio 
were borne to their last resting place by the same 
company of men and laid together in mother earth. 
It is possible, though we have no account of it, that 
remorse for the act they had been guilty of, might 
have accelerated their end ; at any rate the Bard, 
the teacher, — may I not add the "Preacher of 
Righteousness?" — made it the theme of his Poem. 
Ale.xander Mackay, Edinburgh. 



MARBHRANN CHLOINN RUSPAINN— THE RESPOND FAMILY ELEGY. 

Gai^lir (ruci/.s /<;/ Rob Do.nn Mackay. Traastufion by Miss Scobie, Kcnldale, Sutherland. 
Key D. Slowhj aith fcdin.j. 



:d ,r 1 n ., s : 


n ., r 1 d ., r : 


PI . n 1 n ., s : 


d' ., t 1 1 :-. 


'Nan luidhe 


so gu h-iosal. 


far na thiodhlaic 


sinn an triuir, 


Quite hale and 


strong and hearty 


at the opening 


of the year, 


: 1 , t 1 d' . n : 


s .,1 1 d' .,t : 


d' .lis ., n : 


r ., n 1 d : — . 


Bha fallain. 


Ikidir, inntinueach 'n uair dh' inntrig 


a' bhliadlin' iir ; 


Were the three whom 


we have buried 


and now lie so 


lowly here ; 


: . s 1 d' ., r' : 


n' ., r' 1 d' ., 1 : 


s . 1 1 d' ., r' : 


d' .til :-. 


Cha deachaidh 


seachd fhathast 


ach deich latha 


dhith thus,— 


Ten days have 


only passed as 


yet since the new 


year began, — 


: . d' 1 s ., n : 


s . 1 1 d' ., t : 


d' . 1 1 s . PI : 


r . n 1 d :— .1 


Ciod fhios nach 


tig an teachdair-s' 


oirnn, ni's braise 


na ar duil / 


Who know when 


this dread messenger 


may call for 


any man / 



Am bliadhna thiom' bha dithis diubh, 

Air tighinn o'n aon bhroirm, 
Bha iad mar na comjaanaich, 

O'n choinnich iad na'n cloinn ; 
Clia d' bhris an t-aog an comunn ud, 

Ged bu chomasach dha 'n roinn, 
Ach ghearr e snJithainn na beath' ac'. 

Gun dail ach latha 's oidhch'. 

Daoine nach d' riiin briseadh iad 

Le fiosrachadh do chilch ; 
'S cha mhi a rinn iad aon dad, 

Ris an can an saoghal gras ; 
Ach ghineadh iad, is rugadh iad. 

Is thogadh iad is dh' fh^s — 
Chaidh strJichd de 'n t-saoghal thairis on'', 

'S mu dheireadh fhuair iad has. 

An ddigh na rinn mi rusgadh dhuibh 

Tha duil agara gim lochd, 
'S a liuthad focal firinneach 

A dhirich mi 'n ur h-uchd, 
Tha eagal onu nach e'isd sibh 

Gu bhi feumail do na bhochd ; 
Ui 's mo na rinn na fleasgaich ud, 

A sheachduin gus a nochd. 



Within the circle of a year 

Were two of these men born ; 
Closest of comrades ever were 

Since days of life's gay morn ; 
Ev'n death, who heeds not closest bonds 

No separation made. 
For in the space of one brief day 

He both in silence laid. 

No wrong had they to any done 

Judging by human ken ; 
But neither had they helped in aught 

Their needy fellow men ; 
And all that can be said of them 

Is — they were born — survived 
Some years upon this earth— and then. 

The hour of death arrived. 

But after all that I have said 

The whole of which is true, 
(For in this song most faithfully 

I've told but what I knew), 
I fear you will not heed my words. 

Nor help the needy more 
Than those poor fellows who last week 

Were biu-ied at our door. 



The above Music was taken do^vn by the late John Munro, a native of the Reay country 
and is now published, we believe, for the first time. 



•:i6 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 




Part I. 

" Tlie last time France stood British fire 

The Brigade gained glory att its cost, 
At (^)uatre Bras and Waterloo 

Three dreadful days they kept their post ; 
Two thousand there, who formed in squares 

Before the close, a handful grew. 
But the little phalanx never flinched 

Till " Boney" fled at Waterloo." 

Soldier's Ditty. 

'■ AgincoiU't may be forgot 
And Cressy be an unknown spot 

And Blenheim's name be new. 
But still in storj' and in song 
For many an age remembered long 
Shall live the towers of Hougomont 

And held of Waterloo. 

Scott. 

Waterloo, like Inkennan, was essentially a 
soldiers' battle. Never on the plains of the 
Peninsula, had the British soltlier better shown 
with " what a majesty he could fight." The 
Great Moltke said that Waterloo was one of the 
finest instances of defensive warfare in all 
history, and no other than the British soldier 
could have withstood the fiery assaults of the 
French for so long without tlinching. The 
Highland Brigade was decimated on the Pyrenees 
and the fields of Orothes and Toulouse, and its 
itinks, on its return home in IM I, were filled 
with the newest of recruits, wlio for the most 
part had scarcely emerged from tlu'ir teens, 
when sent to Flanders to form the immortal 
.squai'e.s, upon which the Gallic fury broke like 
waves of foam upon their native coasts. 
Yet young as they were in tliis eaujpaign, 
which terminated so gloriously at Waterloo, 
the martial youths of Scotland evinced a 



steadiness, a courage, and audacity worthy of 
the best days and deeds of their country. 

No country in Europe is so proud of its 
gallant national regiments as Scotland. No 
country manifests so much pleasure and delight 
in receiving into its midst, one or other of its 
gallant corps, on returning from a campaign, or 
long foreign service. The Metropolis of Scotland 
has never forgotten nor neglected its sense of 
the duty owing to the brave warriors she sends 
forth to defehd the rights, and vindicate the 
honour of their country. Happily for Scotland 
her soldier sons are easily distinguished in the 
field or in garrison by their national uniform, 
■which attracts attention, and spreads terror. 
It was at Waterloo Najioleon for the first time 
saw this warlike uniform before him in martial 
array. He knew who wore it. He heard too 
for the first time the wildly animating pibroch 
notes that sounded that fearful charge which 
confounded a whole division of his grand soldiers, 
inured to warfare and vastly superior in numbers, 
drawing from him the appreciative exclamation, 
" Ceg braves Ecossais," but he did not know that 
those other grand soldiers mounted on gallant 
grey steeds, were also "J'Jcossais" who, when their 
kilted countrymen by their furiously sustained 
charges threw his division into disorder, came 
galloping up from the rear, and fell like a thun- 
derbolt into the disordered ranks, ploughing 
through them, cutting, slashing, stabbing, 
jiiercing them through and through, annihilating 
or taking prisoners the whole division. The 
sight was terrible; Napoleon winced, saying, 
"Qui soul terribles, ces clievratix gris" (How 
terrible are these grey liorses), yet these infantry 
and cavalry corps were both " Kcossais." The 
one had a distinctive uniform, the other had not. 



r 




SliTrf 4 iiE 



GEORGE J. MACKAY. 



THE OELTTC MONTHLY. 



217 



Should successive governments be permitted to 
eflace so distinctive and distinguished a uniform I 
The regiments which composed the Highland 
Brigade at Waterloo, Alma, and in India, with 
other equally national Scottish corps, from the 
day they were first enrolled to the present time, 
have conferred the highest honour and glory 
upon their country by their bravery and manly 
conduct in the field, and l)y their equally ex- 



cellent behaviour in quarters. They well deserve 
the hearty welcome, the artectionate greetings, 
the kindly embraces of their " auld mither," 
whenever they are permitted to meet her. 
Between Scotland and her gallant soldier sons 
exists a vein of affection, respect and regard, 
wholly unfelt, unknown, in other countries. 
Her sons are delighted to visit the old country. 
The "auld mither" is cliarraed at the expecta- 




' BLACK WATCH- 



EEPEI.LING A FRENCH CAVALEY CHARGE 
AT WATERLOO. 



The .above spirited Picture is reproduced from Messrs. W, & A. K. Johnston's excellent 



work on the *' Black Watch." which 

tion of again seeing and meeting with her 
martial sons returning to lier with credit and 
honour, and the reception she prepares for them, 
and accords to them with such spontaniety and 
enthusiasm is nowhere else witnessed. Long 
may this continue ! 

The soldier's ditty often heard "sixty years 
since," well describes the position of the allied 
armies in the eventful month of June, 18L5. 



Ou the 16th day of .June, my lads, in Flanders where 

we lay 
Our bugles did the alarm sound, before the break of day, 
Our British, Belgians, Brunswickers, and Haiioveriaua 

too, 
Brussels we left that morning for the plains of Waterloo. 

** + **** 

At Quatre Bras we met the French, their shape to us 

seemed new. 
For tliey were in steel armour clad for the field of 

Waterloo. 



218 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Tlie Highland Brigade were in tlie gallant 
Picton's fighting division, encamped at Brussels, 
On the night of the 15th June Wellington had 
intelligence from the Prince of Orange, who was 
posted with a division of Dutch, Belgians, and 
some English regiments around Quatre Bras, in 
touch with the Prussians to his left at Fleuris, 
that Napoleon was approaching Charleroi. 
Orders were at once issued to prepare to march. 
By " midnight more precise intelligence was 
received that the French had beaten the Prussians 
in front and around Charleroi, and taken posses- 
sion of it in great strength. There was no longer 
any doubt as to Napoleon's real points of attack, 
nor as to his plans for future action. He had 
been well informed of the scattered position 
taken up by the forces of Wellington and 
Blucher. He as well concealed from them the 
movements of his own troops till he had collected 
them at one point, and by overwhelming forces 
to thrust liimself like a wedge between the two, 
to defeat the Prussian first, then turn upon 
Wellington, defeat him and get [lo.ssession of 
Brussels, when he thought Belgium and Holland 
would declare themselves in his favour. 

Wellington about midnight^ of the 15th, 




IHAUnrNi; Tlir. COI.drns mI nn: ;mmi CUMKUhN nKilll.A.NHKHS. 



having received the above intelligence, at once 
gave orders to Picton to march with his divisions 
in advance to Quatre Bias to the assistance of 
the Prince of Orange, in case he might 
be attacked by tlie French advancing from 
Charleroi. At the same time he sent orders to 
the other divisions of infantry, cavalry, and 
artillery to march and converge on Quatre Bras 
as quickly as possible. Then there was seen in 
and around Brussels the mustering squadrons 
and the clattering cars pouring through the 
echoing streets, and drum and bugle summoned 
horsemeji and foot soldiers to their places in the 
ranks for war. Byron, in his immortal "Childe 
Harold," grandly depicts the scene that night in 
Brussels, and in the early morning when the 
79th left for Quatre Bras along with the otlier 
regiments in Sir James Kempt's brigade of 
Picton's division. 

Sir Walter Scott says, "Our two distinguished 
Highland corps, the 42nd and 92nd, were the 
first to muster. They assembled with the 
utmost alacrity to the sound of the well-known 
pibroch, 'Come to me and 1 will give you fiesh,' 
an invitation to the wolf and the raven, for 
which the ne.vt day did, in fact, spread an ample 
bancjuet at the expense of our 
countrymen, as well as of their 
enemies. One could not but 
admire their fine appearance ; 
their firm, collected, steady, mili- 
tary demeanour as they went 
A^y" ] rejoicing to battle, with their 

■* ' bagpipes playing before them, 

and the beams of the rising sun 
shining upon their glittering arms. 
The kind and generous inhabi- 
tants assembled in crowds to 
witness the departure of their 
gallant friends, and as the Higli- 
landeis^marched onward with a 
steady and collected air, the 
people breathed many a fervent 
ex)iression for their safety." 

Picton's division was composed 
of two brigades, the first com- 
manded l)y Sir James Kempt, 
comprised the 79tli, 28th, 32nd, 
and 95th regiments ; the second 
commanded by Sir Dennis Packs 
was composed of the 42nd, 92nd, 
Royal Scots, and the 44th regi- 
ments, all infantry, arrived at 
Quatre Bras at 2 p.m., having 
marched 24 miles, at a most 
critical time, wlien the French 
under tlio command of Marshal 
Ney, '■ the bravest of the brave," 
had defeated the troops of the 
Prince of Orange, and were 



pursuing them past Quatre Bras. Pioton's 
division were at the time marching through 
fields of tall wheat and rye, obscuring tlieni 
from the enemy, and obscuring the enemy from 
them. The Prince of Orange made and was 
still making a gallant resistance. His Dutch 
and Belgians fought well, but they could not 
resist the impetuosity of the French. The 
Belgians were the first to give way. The 42nd 
were the first to emerge from the rye fields into 
a field of clover. Seeing the retreating Belgians' 
order was given to open ranks and let them pass 
through, to form in the rear. In an instant tiie 
ranks were closed when the pursuing French 
were seen right in front. 'Ihe French were 
staggered at the sudden appearance of the 
Highlanders. The order was at once given the 
42nd to fire, advance, and charge. The wild 
terrifying yell of the Highlanders was enough. 
The French immediately faced right about, fied 
and fell before this impetuous charge, and were 
pursued for some distance towards the main 
body. Marshal Ney was not the man to permit 
such audacity to go unpuni.shed, if he could. 
Instantly ordering a regiment of lancers to 
advance from the Wood of Bossu where they 
lay concealed, and attack the 42nd before they 
could complete their formation to receive cavalry. 
Imagining these lancers to be Bruns wickers 
coming to cut up the retreating French, the 
42nd were unprepared for the shock. They had 
to do with angry foes instead of friendly Ger- 
mans. Speedily perceiving the mistake, a 
rallying square was formed to meet the fierce 
Polish Lancers, but two companies were unable to 
come in, and one side of the square was open when 
the lancers burst upon them, and here they speedi- 
ly found an entrance. The two companies were 
soon cut down to a man, fighting back to back. 
In this perilous crisis the 42nd were true to 
their ancient fame, and with marvellous steadi- 
ness completed their formation, hemmed the 
lancers within their square, shot and bayoneted 
the most of them, making ]nisoners of the rest, 
while the restored front baffled all the eflbits of 
those outside to penetrate to their comrades' 
succour. Finding every effort useless, and losing 
men from the fire of the square, the lancers 
retired after receiving a dreadful volley from the 
42nd, which laid low many a man and horse. 
The fight was hot, though brief. In the space 
of a few minutes the command of the regiment 
devolved upon four officers in succession — Sir 
Robert MacAra, killed ; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Dick, severely wounded ; Blajor Davidson, mor- 
tally wounded ; and Major Campbell. 

(To he continued.) 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 210 

GEORGE J. MACKAY, J.P., KENDAL. 



tEORGE J. MACKAY was born in the 
Parish of Mey, Caithness, on 5th Sep- 
tember, 1845, and was removed when 
four years of age to Olrig. He was educated 
at the Parish School, Castletown, where he was 
considered the cleverest boy in his classes. His 
first start in business life was made with Mr. 
Sinclair Bain, Ironmonger, Thurso, and he after- 
wards occupied situations in Leith, Glasgow, and 
Whitehaven (Cumberland), at which latter place 
he married. He went to Kendal as manager 
and traveller for the present Mayor, Alderman 
William Bindloss, J.P., D.L. , and after remaining 
in his worship's employment for some time he 
started business on his own account as Horse 
Clothing Manufacturer, and built the finest 
mills in the district. He has also an old estab- 
lished factory at Chatteris (Cambs), which was 
burned down recently, and is now being replaced 
liy mills of ranch larger dimensions. Mr. 
Mackay holds large contracts from H.M. Govern- 
ment, and does a large export busine.ss to the 
Continent and Colonies. 

Mr. Mackay has for many years past taken a 
considerable interest in municipal affairs, and 
was Chairman of the Finance Committee, and 
member of seveial others. In 1890 he was 
elected Mayor of Kendal, and in the following 
year was created a J. P. for the County of 
Westmorland. During his term of office he 
had the honour to receive and entertain Her 
Royal Highness the Marchioness of Lome, and 
other distinguished visitors. On completing his 
term of office the Corporation entertained him 
to Dinner, and presented his wife with several 
valuable ornaments, etc. 

The subject of our sketch takes a very deep 
interest in the Masonic craft, and was initiated 
in the Union Lodge, Kendal, in December, 
1872. Since then he occupied various offices, 
and until recently acted as Right Worshipful 
Provincial Grand Master of Cumberland and 
Westmorland. He is a Past D.P. Grand Master 
of the Royal Order of Scotland, and filled 
various offices in the Order of Knights Templar. 
Mr. Mackay is also Vice-Patron of the Royal 
Masonic l5enevolent Institution for aged Free- 
masons, the GirLs' and Boys' Schools, and has 
collected large sums on behalf of those noble 
charities. He is also a Member of ?>'! Degree. 

Mr. Mackay has led a very active and laborious 
business life, and is now considering the pro- 
priety of retiring, and seeking rest and recreation 
in a voyage round the world. At last election 
he " narrowly escaped " being elected a Member 
of Parliament. He was invited to represent 
Whitehaven, but being engaged at the time in 



220 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



assisting the local candidate, Mr. Morley's 
telegram did not reach him until too late. 

Like a true clansman Mr. Jlackay takes a 
special warm interest in the Clan Mackay 
Society, of which he is a Life-member, and has 
contrilmted liberally to its various educational 
and other schemes. He also attended the grand 
rece]ition given by the Clan in Glasgow to the 
Chief, Lord Reay, on his return from Lidia, and 
delivered on that memorable occasion an eloquent 
address. He is a Life-member of the Glasgow 
and London Caithness Associations. 

Although himself born in Caithness, Mr. 
]\Iackay'a parents were both natives of Lord 
Reay's countiy in the north of Sutherland. 

We trust that with greater leisure at his 
command Mr. Mackay will be soon able to take 
even a larger interest in matters relating to the 
mountain land from which he sprung, and upon 
which he has reflected credit. Editor. 



HIGHLANDERS IN THE ARCHER 
GUARD OF FRANCE. 



{^Continued from page 199). 

^J^fi. T the battle of Yerneuil, the Earls of 
Aj^f Buchan, Mar and Moray were slain ; 
^^^^ and large numbers of the common 
soldiers must of necessity have been North 
Country Celts. 

As long as the war with England continued, 
the hereditary enemies of the Saxon never ceased 
to pour into France and gather unfading laurels. 
The English hated them with a deadly race- 
hatred. C^uarter was given to all "save the men 
of Wales and Scotland." No quarter for the 
Celt, who had baffled the Saxon advance at home 
and now baffled it abroad ! Thirty Scots were 
Inmged in cold blood at the siege of Melun. At 
the battle of Verneuil nearly 9000 Scots fell. 
" The cause of this implacable slaughter" says 
one writer, "was the pride of the Scots, who 
would neither give nor take quartei'." 

After twenty-five years' hard fighting we find 
the Scots Guard instituted. A hasty survey of 
the muster roll of this famous body shows that 
the English military writer was scarcely correct 
when he a.ssured us that the Highlanders had no 
share in its glory. 

The rolls are somewhat difKcuIt reading and 
many of the names, after passing through the 
alembic of a French brain, cannot be identified 
even as Scots, much less Highland or Lowland. 
The orthography, as one might expect 15th 
century orthography to be, is execrable, and one 
is frequently staggered by such names as Hour- 
dcla, Nyssuenain, Doyel, Yon, IIoulphell,^and 



Neuserich. The Lowland Scottish names must 
have been comparatively easy writing for the 
French penman : but one can easily imagine his 
dilhculty with the Gaelic ones and the process 
by which M'Lellan might become Leolain ; or 
Dughal, Doyle; or Iain, Yon. \Ve trace a certain 
Doincarap through the rolls of several years 
\intil, to our surprise we find the name resolve 
itself into "Duncan": Doincamp being the frantic 
attempt of the clerk to spell "Donnachadh." 
Other Highland names are more easily identified. 
]\Ioureau is plainly Munro ; Macrat, ]SIacrae ; 
Maclaclem, MacLachlan ; and so on. We have 
no difficulty with Joe Maguy, who appears on 
the list in 1449. 

In studying the Muster Rolls one is struck by 
their brevity, running as they do from 14 to 170 
names. It must be kept in mind, however, that 
only the names of the gentlemen are entered, 
no notice being taken of the common archers. 
Each Highland name infers a Highland following; 
so that, at times, there must have been a con- 
siderable contingent in the Archer Guard. For 
example, on the Roll for 1449, we have, among 
other names which are indistinguishable, at least 
33 unmistakably Celtic names. Each of these 
must, at the lowest computation, have had five 
Celts at his back, and, without doubt, men 
of his own clan ; so that, to mention a few 
names, there would be 3G Stewarts, 12 Frazers, 
18 Robertsons (or Donnachies), and of Rosses, 
Mackays, Gordons, MacDugals, Macleods, Sin- 
clairs, MacMillans, and Macleans, 6 each, in the 
Guard of that year. There must have been 
plenty of Gaelic spoken in the barrack room of 
the Archer Guard in the year 1449. 

A cursory survey of the lists up till about 
1500 gives us the names of the following High- 
land Clans, some of them slightly disguised by 
the French spelling — others only to be guessed 
at:— 

Cameron, Campbell, Comyn, Davidson, 
FVazer, Forbes, Fullarton, Graham, Grant, 
Gordon, Lamont, Mackay, Maclean, MacDugal, 
MacLachlan, MacDonell, Macrae, MacCalluui, 
MacMillan, MacLay, Macauslan, MacKinlay, 
MacMorran, Maclellan, Menzies, Munro, 
Robertson, Ross, Sinclair and Stewart. Loudc 
(the same man appears as Patrick Loude and 
Patrick Clou) is, no doubt, Macleod ; Mag Nyn 
may be MacKinnon ; Fagozil, which, traced 
through the rolls of successive years, becomes 
Fargozilles and finally Fergouzil, is probably 
Ferguson. 

Many of the men seemed to have been entered 
under names which refer to some personal char- 
acteristic, such as " Le Petit," " Le Roy," kc. 

There is one very interesting and most signi- 
ficant instance of this on the Roll for about 
1450, viz: John Coquenen, called the Saxon. It 




THOMAS GREER, J. P. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



221 



is hardly probable that a guard composed of 
Saxons would confer such a title as a distinctive 
name. The fact is that most English writers have 
exaggerated the Saxon element in Scotland; and 
few of them recognise the fact that what is now 
an English-speaking district may still be in the 
main Celtic. The Archer Guard in which John 
the Saxon found himself cannot have regarded 
itself as very much akin to the English, yet 
there were many Lowlanders in it. 

It was not for nothing, it may be added in 
conclusion, that Sir Walter took his famous 
Archer from North of the Tay and sent the 
immortal (Juentin out from Glenhoulakin, — 
"The Glen of the Midges" as Durward himself 
translated it — in the Braes of Angus. 
Glasgow James Fergijson. 



THOMAS GREER, J.P., F.R.G.S. 



%■* ~1 











iT is an interesting study to trace the 
changes which have taken place in several 
^^ of the Clan names, and those in connec- 
tion with the Clan Gregor are perhaps as varied 
and interesting as any. This month we give a 
life like portrait of a gentleman who bears a 
name familiar to Scotsmen, and yet few are 
aware of its Highland origin. 

Thomas Greer of Sea Park, Carrickfergus, 
was born in 1837, and is the eldest son of Alfred 
Greer of Dripsey House, Co. Cork, and grand- 
son of Thomas Greer of Rhone Hill and Tully- 
lagan, Co. Tyrone, who died in 1840. 

Their ancestor, Henry Grier of Rock Hall, 
Alnwick, removed to Redford, Co. Tyrone, in 



16.t3, and died in 1675. His father. Sir James 
Grier, Kt. of Capenoch, Dumfries-shire and 
Rock Hall, Alnwick, adopted the name of Grier 
instead of Grierson, and was the fifth .son of 
Sir William Grierson, Kt. of Lag and Rook Hall, 
Dunifries-.shire, seventh in descent from Gdbert 
Gregorson of Lag, son of Malcolm the lame Lord 
of MacGregor and brother of Gregor Anulich. 

This Gilbert had a Charter from George 
Dunbar, Earl of March, to himself and heirs 
male, called by the name of Grierson, early in 
the fifteenth century ; the lands of Lag were 
conveyed to him by a Charter from his cousin, 
Henry Sinclair, second Earl of Orkney, dated 
6th December, 1408. The present representa- 
tive is Sir Alexander Grierson, ninth Baronet 
of Lag, to whom Mr. Greer of Sea Park is 
seventh cousin. Mr. Greer was High Sheriff of 
Carrickfergus in 1870 and for Co. Tyrone in 
1876, and M.P. for Carrickfergus from 1880 to 
18S6. He was the last Representative in the 
Imperial Parliament for that Ancient Borough. 
Mr. Greer married in 1864 Margaret, only child 
of the late John Owden of Brooklands, Co. 
Antrim, and niece of the late Sir Thomas 
Scambler Owden, Lord Mayor of London. Mr. 
Thomas Greer is J. P. for Co. Antrim, and a 
F.R.G.S., FR.Z.S, F.R.B.S., and M.R.I.A. 

Duiikei.i. A. G. Murray MacGregok. 



THE CHIEFTAINSHIP OF THE CLAN 
MACKINNON. 



Sir. — I confess that the reply of Mr. Dimcan 
MacKinnon to my connnunication of the i)th May 
is unsatisfactory. He does not attempt to deal 
with the schism existing, nor of the different claims to 
the Chieftainship, or accept my proposition to bring 
about a conference with the view of setting the 
matter at rest definitively. He cannot be unaware 
of the adverse feeling there exists in and out of the 
Clan MacKinnon Society on this topic. 

It is to be lamented that Mr. D. MacKinnon has 
not seen my grandfather's name in the pedigrees 
before him. His great grandfather was of Strath, 
Skye, but he left it for Arran. His son, father of 
Alexander MacKinnon, was named Ian og Mac- 
Kinnon of Corrie-Crevie. He completed his educa- 
tion in Glasgow, and was a pupil of Dr. Adam 
Smith. Then he left for Leghorn and was articled 
to Mr. W. Orr of that place from 178(1 to 1786. 
Subseqently he established a Banking House at 
Naples ; was Purveyor to the British Fleet in the , 
Mediterranean and Admiralty Agent for Prizes, 
during an anxious time with regard to the War 
with France. I have a large Cf)llection of letters 
from the highest member's of the aristocracy showing 
how much he was esteemed, inchiding a most 
friendly one from H.S.H. Prince Frederic, Duke of 
Sussex ; from Lord Andross, Secretary of State ; 
Lord Gardenstone, etc. The latter refers to him 



222 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



in tiattering terms in his published travels in Italy 
(g. v.). 

I press for another opportunity to give some 
further facts regarding this remarkable man, up to 
his arrival at Buenos Ayres, that country then 
sutiering from the etl'ects of the Capitulation of the 
British Forces under General Wliitelocke. 

His merits were soon found out, for we find that 
about a dozen British Merchants there named him 
spokesman in the communications with the Home 
Government, and the nearest Minister resident at 
Rio de Janeiro, in the struggle against the arbitnuy 
proceedings of the then ISjianish Viceroy. These, 
with my grandfather, were tlie j>ioneers of British 
Trade, which has since been enormously extended. 

Well, I do not claim the Chieftainship through 
him, but through my grandmother, the daughter of 
Charles MacKinnon of MacKinnon. Tliere are 
several clans that are now represented through' the 
female line. 

I, nevertheless, keep an open wind, and, if it 
should be found on a careful examination that the 
<jther claimants of the branches cannot establish 
their pretention, and that the j^resent Chief remains 
unmoved by the ordeal, then I am quite prepared 
to " lower my colours" and make my Mlaain to them. 

Surely it is desirable to endeavour to take up 
this matter, and settle it once for all, and, then, 
" ,all shoulders to the wheel," to work to make the 
Clan MacKinnon Society a success, which it deserves. 

In the meanwhile 1 consider myself entitled as 
representing the main line to sign myself, with 
becoming modesty, as Chief of the Clan MacKinnon, 

London. Al.E.V. K. M.\cKlNNON. 



SGEUL NO DHA MU DHONNACHADH 

BAN. 

riH|H A iad so mar a chuala mise iad : — 'N uair 
>i^ a bha Donnachadh Ban a' dol feadh na 
'-'a^ duthcha a' trusadli ainmeannan na feadh- 
nacii a bliitheadh toileach a leabhar a ghabhail 
'nuair a bhitlieadh e deas aig na clo-bhuailteirean, 
ihachair dha a bhi iatlia 'a an Oban Lathurnacli. 
B' e Di-Sathuiriie a l)h' ann. Am feadh a liha 
Donnachadh a' spaid.searachd uiu 'n cuairt thach- 
air e-fhein agus Uilleam Duhh Macan-tSaoir 
air a' cheilc. Bha soilheacli aig Uilleam d' am 
b' ainni an " (ieorge." agus bha i air an latha 
sin anns a' piiort. Ohaidh an da charaid comlila 
do Thigh C'iach-a'-ghe6idh, tigh-osda a bh' aig 
fear lain Mac-an-t-Saoir. Bha lain a' stigh, 
agus cluiir an triiiir bcagan hine seachad 'an 
cuideaclid a' cheile. An deigli dhoibli siola no 
dha a chur as an t-sealiadh catorra, thubliairt 
Udleain i>uljh gu 'ni I>u nihaith Icis iad a dhol 
coinhla ris do 'n "George" agus gu 'n galihadli 
iad Hgriob a inach leatha. Bha lain agus i>onn- 
achadli toileach sinn a dheanainh, agus gun 
dh'i-chuimhnnachadh botul a dli' uisge-boatha a 
thoirt leo, cliaidh iad air Imrd, agus fihc(>l iad a 
mach. An deigh dhoil)h tillcadb thainig an 



oidhche orra inu 'n d' fhuair iad air tir. Ohaidh 
iad a rithist do Tliigli Clach-a'-gheoidh. Bha 
da leaba cas ri cois anns an t-se6mar, agus air 
do 'n chuideachd a bhi sgith, cadalaoh, chaidli 
iad a laidhe. Bha Donnachadh Ban agus 
Uilleam Dubh anus an aon leaba, agus ghabh 
Iain agus a bhean tamh anns an leaba eile. Bha 
latha na Sabaid gu maith air aghart niu 'n d' 
rinn iad dusgadh. B' e Donnachadh an ceud 
fhear a rahosgail, agus ghlaodh e a mach, " Ho 
fheara ! Ciod e an saod a th' oirbh an diugh !" 
Fhreagair lain, agus thubhairt e : — • 

" Cha chuir mi mo chas "am bat', 

'S cha teid mi gu brilth air muir, 

Uir leis na dh' nl mi 'n laoir de 'n dram 

Is truagh "tha mo cheann an diugh ; 

Mo mhile mallachd do Uhonnacliadb Ban 

"S mar a's fc^Vird do Uilleam Dubh ! " 

B' e an t^lain Mac-an-t-Saoir so a rinn an 
t-Oran Molaidh a tha 'n deireadh leabhar 
Dhonnachaidh Bhain. 

Bha Donnachadh air a' cheart thurus do 'n 
taobh tuath, agus a' dol thairis air Caolreithe, 
'n uair a fhuair e 's a' bliata, dh' fliaighnioh e de 
ghille-an-aisig, "Co a's iiide air a' bhata sol" 

Fhreagair an gille, " Thk an cranu, 'n uair a 
tha e 'n a sheasauih !" 

" Cha 'n e sin a tha mi a' ciallachadh," thubh- 
airt Donnachadh, " 's ann a tha mi a' ciallachadh, 
Co a's inaighstir oirre!" 

" Tha an stiiiir," thubhairt am balach, " tra 
bliitheas i oirre !" 

'N uair a fhuair iad air tir thug am balach 
Donnachadh leis do thigh 'atiiar a chur seachad 
na h-oidhche; 's thuit a luach gu 'm b' e buntata- 
pronn a bh' aca gu 'n suipeir, mar bu chleachdta 
leo 's an diitiiaich 's an am, 's dh' fhaighnich 
bean-an-tighe de Dhonnachadh, " Cianiar tha 'm 
buntata-pronn a'cordadh ruibh (' 

" Bhitlieadh e duilich a thoileachadh, am fear 
nach cordadh am buntata ris," thubhairt Donn- 
achadh, " am fear leis am bu nihaith leis pronn 
c, gheibheadh e pronn e. agus am fear leis am 
bu nihaith cnapach e, gheiblieadh e cnapach e!" 

Is doclia leam gu 'n robh am buntata air a 
dhroch phronnadh, agus gu 'n robli cuid dheth 
min, agus cuid garbli. 

Dh' fhaighnich bean-an-tighe dlietli an sin, 
" An tusa Donnachadh Ban nan Oran i " 

" 'S mi," thubliairt esan. 

" Is tusa 'rinn Beiiin Dorain ! " 

" 'S e Dia a rinn Beinu D6rain, ach is raise a 
mhol i !" fhreagair esan. 

" Is duilich nach robh an diV theanga agaibh !" 

" Na 'in bitheadh an diV chanain anns an t6 a 
th' agam, dheanadh i 'n gnothach," thubhairt 
Donnachadh. 

D. Mac Isaac. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



2l>3 



DUNAVERTY ^iTs-feA, 



aiGlONS 



BY -< -;••■ 




Part l.l 
Early History 
.^^^/^KjN a rocky promontory in the^ south end 
tJKIj of Kintyre, with a precipitous sea-wall 
>\3Si and only to be approached from the 
mainland' l)y a narrow isthmus, are the few 
visible remains of what was once one of the 
most important fortresses in Western Scotland. 
At what period of our history Dunaverty Castle 
was built we have no definite information, but 
it undoubtedly is of great antiquity, and comes 
into notice early in the annals of Scotland. 
Mention of it is made so far back as the time of 
the Danish invasions on the Scottish coasts, and 
there is reason to believe in its existence at an 
even earlier date, for we find the name of 
Dunaverty — though perhaps not the castle — 
associated with the Dalriadic or Scoto-Irish 
settlement on the shores of Argyle in the 
beginning of the sixth century. These Scoto- 
Irish appear to have been a branch of the great 
Celtic family, generally supposed to have found 
their way into Ireland from the western shores 
of North Britain, and to have established them- 
selves in that portion of the island now known 
as Ulster. There they appear to have divided 
themselves into two ditferent tribes or clans, the 
most powerful of which got the name of Cruithne 
(eaters of wheat), from the fact that they were 
addicted to agricultural pursuits. The quarrels 
between these rival tribes were frequent, and 
about the middle of the third century rose to 
such a height of violence, as to call for the 
interference of Cormac, King of Ireland at that 
time. Accordingly his general and cousin, 
Cairbre Riada, conquered a territory in the 



north-east part of Ireland which was possessed 
by the Cruithne. This tract was granted to him 
by the King, and denominated Dal-Riada or the 
portion of Riada over which Cairbre and his 
descendants ruled for many generations, under 
the protection of their more powerful relations, 
the Sovereigns of Ireland. The Cruithne of 
Ireland and the Picts of North Britain, being of 
the same lineage and language, kept up a con- 
stant communication with each other, and it 
would appear to be clearly established that a 
colony of the Dalriads had settled at an early 
period in Argyle, from which, however, they 
were afterwards expelled and driven back to 
Ireland, about the time of the Roman abdication 
of North Britain, in H6. 

The Dalriadic Settlement in Argyle. 

In the year 50.3, a new colony of Dalriads or 
Dalriadini, under the leadership of three brothers, 
Lorn, Fergus, and Angus, the sons of Ere, the 
descendants of Cairbre Riada, came over to 
Argyle and settled in Kintyre. As to the 
causes of this settlement, which afterwards 
proved so important in the annals of Scotland, 
history throws but little light and it is doubtful 
whether it was obtained by force or by favour, 
but, as the invaders met with feeble opposition 
from the native tribes, the latter supposition is 
probably the correct one. Their chiefs had each 
his own territory and tribe. Lorn took posses- 
sion of the district of Argyllshire, which still 
retains his name ; Angus is supposed to have 
acquired away over Islay, for it was enjoyed 
by his son Murdoch, after his decease ; and 
Fergus, who landed at Dunaverty, took possession 
of Kintyre, and on his brother Lorn's death, 



■2-2i 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



added his territory to his own, and so became 
the sole monarch of the Scots, and has ever since 
been recognised as the head of our Scottish 
kings. Dr. Skene writing on the subject, says : 
"The Firth of Clyde is universally allowed to 
have been the boundary which separated the 
Dalriads from the Strathclyde Britons, and 
consequently it follows that Dalriada, or the 
territory of the Soots in Britain, must have been 
confined to South Argyle, or that part of the 
country lying to the south of Liiine Loch ; and 
tlie Scots appear to have maintained their 
possession of a territory so inconsiderable in 
comparison with that of the Picts, partly by the 
strong natural boundaries and impervious nature 
of the country itself, and partly by the close 
connection whicii they at all times preserved 



with the Irish " — (" Highlanders of Scotland," 
Vol. 1., p. 33). The same author also says of 
the three tribes of Lorn, Cowal, and Kintyre, 
"that of Kintyre attained to so great power as 
eventually to obtain the supreme authority over 
all Scotland "—(Vol. II., p. 'J). 

From Cairbre Riada or Ruadh, Kintyre and 
the adjacent lands got the name of Dalruaidh or 
the portion of Ruadh ; the Scots were called 
Dalruadhini; and their capital or seat of 
Government, Dalruadhain, which was after- 
wards changed to Campbeltown. For nearly 
three centuries and a half this town continued 
to be the seat of Government and the capital of 
the Scottish kingdom, until 813, when Kenneth 
the Second, having finally subdued the Picts, 
merged into one the two kingdoms of Picts and 




r\i;i'.i:i;T, i.hchfv.m: 



Scots, and transferred the seat of Government 
to Fortcviot, in Perthshire. 

Danish Invasions. 
( )n the seat of Government being thus changed, 
Kintyre became a prey to foreign invaders and 
an a.sylum for i)irates. The Danes and Nor- 
wegians had already got firm posses.sion of tlie 
vast portion of tlie Western Isles, and making 
frequent incursions into the very heart of the 
kingdom, put it entirely out of the Sovereign's 
power to pay any attention to the frontiers. 
They fortified the Castle of Dunavia'ty, and made 
it their principal stronghold on that part of tlic 
coast ; and during their rule, the neighbouring 
country sufTered the same fate as the other 
islands with which it was classed. 



It is, however, at a later period, that we come 
to the history jiroper of Dunaverty. As the 
author of "Glencreggan" remarks : "Where you 
come upon the track of a Lord of the Isles you 
may feel pretty sure that you are upon the foot- 
steps of war and violence ; and as Dunaverty 
Castle was one of the great strongholds of the 
Macdonalds, who were Lords of the Isles and 
Lords of Cantyre, we may be certain that this 
rocky promontory formed no exception to the 
))eaceful rule." No, not by any means an 
e.\ception as we shall afterwards see, but mean- 
time it may not be out of place to say something 
Ikmc about this illustrious family who owned 
Dunaverty, and who for so long were the ruling 
power in the Western Highlands. 
(To be continued). 




SIR CHARLES A, CAMERON. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY: 

4 MAGAZINE FOU HIGHLANDERS. 

Edited by JOHN MACKAY, Kingston. 



No. 12. Vol. II.] 



SEPTEMBER, 1894. 



[Price Threepence. 



SIR CHARLES ALEXANDER CAMERON- 



IR CHARLES ALEX. CAMERON 

tis the youngest and only surviving son 
of the late Captain Ewen Cameron, a 
Highlander who 
served with distinc- 
tion in the Penin- 
sular Wars and 
was wounded 
severely eight 
times. Captain 
Cameron married 
Belinda Smith, 
an Irishwoman, 
which no doubt 
accounts for the 
tact that their son 
was born in Dub- 
lin and not in 
Lochaber. Sir 
Charles received 
his early education 
in Schools in 
Dublin and Guern 
sey. He was in- 
tended for the 
army, but li i s 
father dying when 
his son was only 
tliirteen years old, 
tliis intention was 
abandoned on the 
ground of expense, 
as in those days 
an Ensign's com- 
mission cost £400 
to purchase, beside 
the expense of an 
outfit. Sir C. Cameron has devoted himself to 
Science in several of its departments, more 
especially Chemistry, Geology, Agriculture, and 
Hygiene. As a Student in Germany he gained 
the esteem of the celebrated Chemist, Baron 




[SIR CH.-\I!LES A. CAMERON. 



Liebig, to whom he dedicated one of his works. 
Sir Charles Cameron is the author of a large 
work, entitled "A Manual of Hygiene and 
Compendium of the Sanitary Laws;" and of 
several works on Food, Sanitation, and Agricul- 
tural Chemistry. He edited six editions of 
Johnston's well-known Agricultural Chemistry 
(Blackwood, Edinburgh), and wrote the treatise 
on that subject in Cassells' Technical Educator. 
His opus magnum is the History of the Royal 
College of Sur- 
geons in Ireland, 
which, however, is 
really a history of 
the healing art in 
Ii-eland .since the 
earliest ages. It 
contains three 
hundred biogi'a- 
phies of eminent 
Irish|medical men. 
Sir Charles has 
translated [a Vol- 
u m e of Poems 
from the German, 
and in his earlier 
days was a con- 
stant contributor 
to the newspaper 
and serial press. 
Sir Charier Cam- 
eron is a D.P H. 
and ex-Examiner 
in the University 
of Cambridge, and 
is Examiner in the 
Royal University 
of Ireland. He 
was this year re- 
elected President 
of the Society of 
Public Analysts 
of Great Britain 
and Ireland, and 
for four years was President of the British 
Institute of Public Health. He was President 
of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland ; 
of the Irish Medical Association ; of the Metro- 
politan (Dublin) Society of Medical Officers of 



22G 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



Health ; and of the Surgical and Public Health 
Sections of the Academy of Medicine. He is 
an Honorary Member of many Societies, for 
example, the Swedish Academy of Medicine ; 
the Hygienic Societies of France, Belgium, 
Paris, IJordeaux ; the State Medical Society of 
California : the Royal Hibernian Academy, 
which corresponds to the London Royal 
Academy and the Scottish Society of Arts. 

He presided in 1892 at the Sanitary Con- 
gress (at Portsmouth) of the Sanitary Institute, 
and his address formed the subject of leading 
articles in scores of Xewspapei-s in the United 
Kingdom, India, and the Colonies. The Times 
devoted nearly a page to it. Sir Charles holds 
numerous ap]iointments. He is Professor of 
Chemistry and Hygiene; R. C.S.I. Lecturer of 
Agricultural Chemistry to the Commissioners of 
National Education. He is the Chief Medical 
Officer of Health of Dublin, and the whole 
Sanitary department of that city is directly 
under his control. He is Consultant for various 
Government departments, and Public Analyst 
for the greater number of the Irish Counties 
and Cities. He is a Member of the Array 
Sanitary Committee, and has been a Member of 
various Commissions and of the Juries of 
International Exhibitions. 

Sir Charles was married in 18G2 to Lucie, 
daughter of John Macnamara, an Irish Lawyer; 
who died in 1883, leaving seven children. 
"Men and Women of the Times" and "Con- 
temporary Medical Men," etc., contain memoirs 
of Sir Charles Cameron. 

To Highlanders Sir Charles is known as an 
enthusiastic Cameron, and the hearty reception 
which was accorded to him two years ago when 
he jjresided at the Annual Social Gathering of 
the Clan in Glasgow showed the high respect in 
which he is lield by his Clansmen and liy 
Highlanders generally. 

Kirkintilloch. JoHN CaMEKON, J.P. 



A MINOR POET. 



|^|A T the close of an Autumn day, which 
(xj^^ had begun in brilliant sunshine, and was 
■^^ closing in mist and driving rain, a belated 
traveller found refuge in the smoky mystery of 
a Highland farmhouse kitchen. 

He was a man of evident culture, with a 
handsome shrewd face, framed in snowy hair ; 
and, as ho and the old farmer talked together, 
in the grateful glow of the peat (ire, they found 
many points in common. 

In the background, a sturdy short-gowned 
lass was washing dishes, and scouring pots. A 
young man sat well back in the shadow, listc'ning 
intently to the conversation, and frowning im- 



patiently at the girl, who, in a spirit of mischief, 
was squirting water on him from her tub. 

" Have ye suppered the brown quey, Donal'f 
The farmer swung round on his chair, and 
darted tlie question at the young man in the 
corner. 

A muttered, inarticulate answer came out of 
the darkness ; Donald then advanced, and took 
down a lantern from over the fireplace, in sullen 
silence. 

"It is a glorious country, this of yours!" 
continued the traveller. " It would make a 
poet of a man, whether he would or no.' 

" God save us from poets, sir, we've too many 
poets here 1 It is honest, dependable men we're 
in sore want of — not paper and pencil 'Amadain'.' 
As he spoke, the old man glowered wrathfully 
on Donald, who made a hasty exit, amid the 
suppressed tittering of the herd lad who had 
just come in, and the giggling of the girl. 

"Well, Donald Mackenzie, I hear you are a 
poet." 

Donald, hard at work cleaning out the byre 
in the morning, looked up with a crimson face 
and a quick suspicious glance. He was a broad- 
shouldered, well-knit youth, with an aquiline 
type of face, and large light blue eyes, which 
kindled and darkened under excitement. 

His eyes fell, under the grave, kindly inspec- 
tion of the liclated traveller of the night before, 
and he stood awkwardly leaning on his grape. 

" Would you mind guiding me to the nearest 
station, if I got you a day's holiday to do it in, 
Donald V 

Donald was electrified. " Indeed, sir, I will 
be very proud to do it," he responded eagerly. 
He gripped the barrow-load of manure blocking 
the doorway, trundled it out of the way, and 
stood outside, cap in hand. 

" Well, then ; will you Ije ready to start in 
an hour's time V 
" I will, sir." 

The stranger made his way to the house. 
Donald hauled the overturned barrow out of the 
midden, and resumed his byre cleaning in a 
fn^iizy of haste. 

" Well, now, Mackenzie ; what about this 
poetry 1" questioned the stranger, wlu'U they 
had left the farm about a mile behind tlum. 

Once more the joung man blushed like a girl. 
For answer, he pulled a bulky package from an 
inner coat-pocket and handed it to his (juestioner, 
with a liaud wiiich slightly trembled. 

They were passing through a tir wood. "We 
will stop here and consider the matter," said the 
gentleman, seating Iiimself on a fallen tree, and 
undoing the package, with great delil)i>ration. 

Donalil wiitihid the examination of the pack- 
age with ]iiitlietic anxiety. He leant against a 
tree, his lip treml)ling, his colour coming and 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



227 



going, as one after another, his precious papers 
were skimmed over, and laid aside. 

" There is far too much of Donald Mackenzie 
here," said the gentleman at last, raising his eyes 
and looking straight into Donald's face. "Don't 
write another line of verse for the next two 
years, if you want to write anything worth 
reading." 

The young man took the parcel without a 
word, and walked on by the stranger's side, his 
lip tirin, hut his face ghastly pale under the sun 
tan. 

His companion had been attentively watching 
him. " Donald," he said, " I have not given you 
your death-blow, though that is what you are 
thinking. I have been through it all before you, 
man, and I tell you it rests with yourself, whether 
you make a spoon or spoil a horn. You are only 
twenty-three ; give up dreaming ; put your 
poetry into your work ; and gather grit and 
backbone, man." 

" The papers have printed some of them." 

" The papers print a deal of rubbish." 

" I may as well be dead and buried at once, if 
I am to live the life of a clod !" Donald bur.st 
out, fiercely, after a long pause. 

" That is quite true." 

He turned a puzzled, suspicious look on the 
face of the stranger ; Ijut it was calm and 
meditative. 

" Did it never strike you, young man, that 
your heart could never be nourished on water- 
falls and mountains, sunsets and sunrises? What 
is a poet worth, if he does not take his share of 
the burden of humanity — if he does not feel and 
sufler, with and for, his fellow creatures! Leave 
the rocks and the mountains alone for a time ; 
and try, in the next twelve months, what you can 
do to make those around you happier and lietter, 
and never fear, all the poetry in you will have 
scope enough." 

Still the youth shambled along by the stran- 
ger's side, with blank despair in his downcast 
countenance. His gait had lost all the easy 
spring of the true Highlander, his shoulders 
drooped, and his step was heavy. 

" Donald Mackenzie! are you a selfish coward 
after all V 

Donald started out of his gloomy reverie, and 
faced round on his adviser, in angry surprise, 
at this stern demand. He subsided before tlie 
other's steady gaze, and muttered, resentfully, 
" A man must have time to gather himself up, 
when his house is levelled on the top of him." 

They had reached the crest of a hill. Below 
them lay a well-watered valley. 

"Is that the station?" asked the stranger, 
pointing to a faint haze of blue smoke, about 
two miles off. 

" It is, sir." 



" Then I can find my way. Now, Donald 
Mackenzie, if I'm alive and well I'll look you 
up next year. And don't forget, that there is 
grander poetry in your own old bible — lying 
neglected in the bottom of your trunk, })erhaps — 
grander poetry, I say, than you or I could ever 
write." 

" I'm not one that can turn round and lick 
the hand that thrashes me," Donald jerked out, 
when they parted, but I'm not without sense, 
sir, and I'll come to it in time — I'll come to it 
in time." 

But his literary vanity and ambition died 
hard. He sat on a rock for hours, gazing with 
blank eyes over the moor, with the wild High- 
land cattle and sheep sniffing and stamping 
round, at intervals. "Fool! fool!" he shouted, 
as he thought of his mad exultation on receipt 
of his first proof-sheet. And as the cattle 
scampered away, snorting and tossing their 
heads, he fiung himself, face downward, on the 
heather, and wept like a four-yearold boy. 

But in the still hours of the night, he swung 
himself down from his sleeping loft overhead, 
uncovered the " smoored " kitchen fire, and 
watched his air castles vanish in smoke and 
rtame. 

On the morrow, he faced the future, empty of 
everything but the sacred purpose which led 
him, in the end, by a way that he knew not, to 
an honoured place among the good men of the 
earth. 



Pitlothry. 



K. S. Cameron. 



DESCENDANTS OP ALLAN CAMERON. 



Sir. — I note no one has replied to a query in the 
July nmiiber by D. C. as to the descendants of 
Allan Cameron. The following are all the facts 
kno\vn, viz ; — 

Allan Cameron (Ailean Mac Iain Duibh) XVI. 
Chief of Lochiel, who died about the year 1645, 
married a daughter of Stewart of Appin by whom 
he had issue. — 1st. John, who married in 162C 
Lady Margaret (daughter of Robert Campbell of 
Glenfalloch, who in 1040 succeeded his brother Sir 
Colin in the estates ahd baronetcy of Glenorchy, 
and became father of the first Earl of Breadalbane), 
with issue ; 1st Ewen (the famous Sir Ewen 
Cameron of Lochiel); 2nd Allan, who married in 
KiOO Jean, sister of James Macgregor of Macgregor. 
He was a man of many parts, but died early and 
there is no record of any issue of the marriage. 

W. D. N. 



A Mii.iTAiiV Conti:ast. — Last year, the total number 
of recruits for the whole of Scotland was 2485. I'his 
is a paltrj' luimber when compared with the 40,000 
men who were raised in the Highlands alone, in sis 
short years, from 179.3 to 1790. 



228 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY 




l«1 

MB 










"^a-i^^r^ 




:P0^ 



Part I. — {Continued from page 219). 

fs^lAPTAIN MENZIES, a tall, powerful 
\ man, and an excellent swordsman, fou,<,'ht 
^ outside tlie square like a hero of anti- 
quity, but liis good claymore was no match for 
the long Polish lance. He received a severe 
wound in the chest which unhorsed him. Lying 
on his back he saw another lancer aiming a 
thrust at him. Quickly rolling himself round to 
avoid the blow, he grasped the foot of the lancer 
and pulled him off his horse. The foe fell on 
the top of him ; another lancer riding by, saw 
the struggle, and made a thrust at the gallant 
Menzies, who instantly grasped the lancer and 
placed him in a way to receive the tlirust. The 
enemy was killed and Menzies freed himself of 
his weight. After being unhorsed a drummer 
boy got hold of the liorse. A private of his 
company (grenadier) Donald Mackintosh, came 
to Menzies' assistance. He was immediately 
mortally wounded. The little drummer seeing 
Donald fall, left the hor.se to come to his assis- 
tance. A lancer noticing the horse unattended, 
lliought him a fair prize and made a dash to 
capture it. This did not escape? the watch- 
ful and keen eye of the dying Highlander, who, 
with all the provident spirit of his country 
"ruling strong even in death," groaned out, 
" Hoot man, ye manna tak that beast, it 
belangs to oor Captain here." The lancer 
understanding nothing <>f this remonstrance and 
respecting less the writhing gesture it provoked, 
seized the horse, and was making off with it, when 
Donald loaded his musket for the last time and 
shot him dead— and the ne.xt moment fell back, 
and expired content. Anotlier private of his 
company now came up, and asked his Captain 
what he could do to assist him ? " Nothing, my 



good friend, but load your piece and finish lue." 
" But your eye still looks lively " (said the 
devoted grenadier) " Tf I could move you to the 
92nd fighting yonder I think you would yet do 
well." With "the aid of a fellow grenadier he 
was moved, and soon seen by Colonel Cameron 
of the 92nd, who instantly ordered him every 
possible needful aid. Four men carried him in 
a blanket to the rear. While they were raising 
him Colonel Cameron exclaimed, " God bless 
you, I must be off, — the devils (meaning the 
French) are at us again — I must stand up to 
them." He did so, and in a few minutes there- 
after, the brave and gallant Cameron of the 
92nd was wounded and stretched upon the field. 
It is a pleasure to add that the gallant Captain 
Menzies of the Grenadier Company of the 
Black Watch survived for some years, to wear 
the honourable decorations and marks of sixteen 
wounds received in this arduous and unequal 
conflict. Still the battle reeled hither and 
thither in the throes of mortal desperation. In 
vain Ney's splendid cuirassiers and lancers 
dashed upon the 42nd. They might as well 
have ridden against a wall of iron. For more 
than two hours the Black Watch unllinchingly 
bore the hurstling storm of the French artillery 
and the repeated charges of cavalry and infantry, 
rejjelling every attack in square, or in a more 
extended formation, till leinforcements came \ip 
towards T) p.m. In the next cliajiter we shall deal 
with the deeds of the 79th and 'J2nd round Quatre 
Bras, and afterwards with the doughty deeds 
performed at Waterloo by the Highland Brigade. 
"For those are deeds which must not pass away, 

And names that nuist not wither, though the earth 
Forf,'ets hor Empires with a just decay. 

The enslaver, and the enslaved, their death and 
birth." 



THE CELTTO MONTHLY. 



229 



Part II. — The 7Sth Cameron Highlanders. 
The 79th Cameron Highlanders, like the 
42nd, were fearfully cut up at the Battle of 
Toulouse. Out of 494 officers and men who 
took part in that action, only 263 came out 
unwounded, showing a loss of 2.31 officers and 
men, while the 42nd lost 321 officers and men. 
The importance of the positions carried by these 
two regiments was so great, that their capture 



decided the fortunes of the day and compelled 
the French to retreat and abandon Toulouse. 
The behaviour of these regiments was so gallant 
and intrepid that they won special commenda- 
tion from the Duke of Wellington, being two 
of the four regiments particularly mentioned in 
his despatch of 12th April, 1814. The 79th 
landed in Cork on the 26th July, 1814, where 
its shattered ranks were filled hj a large draft 




DEPARTURE OF THE HIGHLAND BRIGADE. 



from the 2nd Battalion. In February, 1815, 
it set sail for America, but was driven back by 
contrary winds. It again sailed for the same 
destination on the 1st of INIarch, when providen- 
tially it was also driven back by the same cause, 
and was then sent to Belfast. Here in May it 
was called upon to take part in that fierce and 
final struggle with Napoleon at Quatre Bras 



and Waterloo, and assist in putting an end to 
his bloody machinations against the peace of 
Europe. The 79th joined the army of Welling- 
ton at Brussels, and was brigaded with the 28th, 
32nd, and 95th, under the command of Sir 
James Kempt, in Picton's division. 

On the dread night of the 15th June, 1815, 
the alarm rapidly spread that the French had 



230 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



crossed the frontier and were rapidly approach- 
ing. The 79th were the first to muster ready 
for the march to meet their old opponents, and 
by i a.m. were on the road to Charleroi, pro- 
visioned for three days. Byron, in a stanza of 
" Cliilde Harold," thus refers to the Cameron 
Highlanders. — 

" And wild and high the Cainerons' Gathering rose, 
The war note of Lochiel, which Albyn's hills 
Have heard, and heard too, have her Saxon foes : — 
How in the noon of night that pibroch thrills 
Savage and shrill ! Bnt with the breath that tills 
Tlieir moinitain pipe, so till the mountaineers 
With the fierce native daring which instills 
The stirring memories of a thousand years, 
And Evan's, Donald's fame rings in each clansman's 
ears." 

The gallant Camerons marched on through 
the forest of Soignes, past Waterloo towards 
Genappe, hearing on their way the roar of 
cannon and the rattle of musketry, towards 
Quatre Bras, within half a mile of the enemy, 
from whom the column was separated by a 
rising ground. From this position a full 
view was obtained of the French, obliquely to 
the left, and in movement to their front. The 
79th formed the extreme left of the division, 
which after a very short halt broke off to the 
left, lining the road to Namur, the banks of 
which were here ten to twelve feet high on each 
side. The ground had scarcely been so taken 
up when the enemy advanced in great force, 
sending out " a cloud of sharp-shooters." The 
light companies of the first brigade, with the 
8th company and marksmen of the 79th, were 
sent forward to meet them. These gallant men 
maintained their ground bravely for an hour in 
spite of the constantly increasing numbers of 
the enemy, but as the French sharp-shooters had 
by this time |)icked off nearly all the artillery- 
men serving the only two British guns that had 
come into action, and most of the officers, and 
as the French were in such force in front 
VVellington directed Picton to detach a regiment 
to the front to cover the guns, and drive the 
enemy from his advanced position. Kempt 
thereupon rode up to Colonel Douglas, telling 
liiiu that upon the Cameron Highlanders would 
devolve the honour of e.xecuting his Grace's 
orders. Gallantly was this order obeyed and 
performed. At a bound the regiment clearcnl 
the banks in its front, fired a volley, and 
immediately charging with the bayonet drove 
the French advanced troops with great pn-cipi- 
tatioM and in di-sorder to a hedge about a hun- 
dred yards in tlii;ir rear, wh(^re they attempted 
to reform, but were followed up with such alac- 
rity that they again gave way, and were pursued 
to another hedge about the same distance, from 
which they were again driven in confusion upon 
their main column, which was formed in great 



strength upon the rising ground opposite. The 
79th now joined by its detached companies 
began tiring volleys upon the enemy from behind 
the last mentioned hedge, and in the course of 
fifteen minutes expended nearly all its ammuni- 
tion. Whilst in this exposed situation it was 
ordered to retire, which it accomplished as if on 
parade, although it had a broad ditch to leap 
and the first hedge to repass, when it formed 
line about fifty yards in advance of its original 
jiosition. Being here much exposed to the fire 
from the enemy's guns it was ordered to lie 
down, and so continued for nearly an hour, 
when it was again directed to resume its first 
position in the Namur road, and form in column 
as circumstances might require. Being after- 
wards repeatedly threatened by cavalry it 
formed and moved forward in square, but 
without being attacked. 

{To be continued). 



W. A. MARTIN, 

Secretarv, Gaelic Sucietv of London. 

|p|^|HE subject of this sketch is a young 
y^ Highlander, well and favouraljly known 
^■^^ for his earnest and practical enthiasiasm 
in the matters Highland of London. A Lewis 
man by birth and a true Gael in heart, Mr. 
Martin received his early education, first in the 
Free Church School, and afterwards in the 
Nicholson Institution, in his native town, 
Stornoway. He completed it at King's College, 
London, and afterwards joined the staff of 
Messrs. Gray, Dawes k Co., Merchants, and 
London Agents to the British India Steam 
Navigation Company, Limited. Here he re- 
mained for over seven years, when he left them 
(a year ago) for an a|ipointnient with the New 
Zealand Shipping Company, Limited. 

As already stated, .Mr. Martin takes an active 
part in all the Highland movements in London. 
He is Joint Honorary Secretary of the Gaelic 
Society of TiOndon ; a Member of the London 
and Northern Counties Camanachd Club ; the 
London Highland Amateur Athletic Club ; the 
London Ross and Cromarty Association, and of 
several other Highland Societies. He is also an 
enthusiastic volunteer, and is a non-commissioned 
oflio(!r of that deservedly ])opular corps, the 
London Scottish Rifle Volunteers ; and F. 
Company, over whicli Captain Glynn Smith 
holds connnand, shows no one with a more 
soldierly bearing than the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. Martin is not yet thirty, and has 
therefore a life before him. Jjet us wish him, 
then, a long and happy one, with healtii and 
strength to mak(! his mark in the world that 
lies before him. I,ean </ii dlulh ri cliu du shiimsir. 

i.oiKion T. D. MacDonald. 




W. A. MARTIN 



THE OELTIO MONTHLY. 



231 



DUNAVERTY ^Its^^, 



©iGlOHS 



■>;r BY '^ i)h 



J'HftmtLTON-|| 



ITCHELL 




Part II. 

The Lords of the Lsles. 

According to Towry's " Clanship and tlic 
Clans," the founder of the family of the Isles 
was Gillebride MacGille Adaranan, who had the 
ill fortune to be expelled from liis possesions by 
the Norwegians, and sought refuge in Ireland. 
Having received assistance from the MacQuarries 
and MacMahons he afterwards undertook an 
expedition for the recovery of liis territories, but 
was unsuccessful ; and it was left to his son to 
retrieve the fortunes of his house. This son 
was Somerled — the "mighty Somerled" of Scott. 
Putting himself at the head of the inhabitants 
of Morven, he expelled the Norwegian invaders, 
and soon became Master of Morven, Lochaljer, 
and Argyle ; and in order to secure the Isles for 
his posterity, he cai'ried off and married the 
daughter of Olaf, Norwegian King of the Isles. 
By her he had three sons, Dougall, Reginald, 
and Angus. 

Somerled having so far been successful, now 
sought a wider sphere for his operations. After 
an attempt to secure the Earldom of Moray for 
his grandsons, his next great aim was to depose 
Malcolm IV., in favour of the "Boy of Egre- 
mont" (William, grandson of Duncan, a son of 
Malcolm Canmore) ; but after many conflicts he 
was ultimately repulsed by Gilchrist, Earl of 
Angus, and a treaty of psace was concluded in 
1153, held to be of such importance that it 
formed an era in dating Scottish Charters. The 
fiery spirit of this warrior, however, once again 
asserted itself, and in a second rising in I16-1, 
Somerled with his army appeared at Renfrew, 



on the Clyde, where he was met l.iy the Steward 
of Scotland with a large force, and slain along 
with Gillecallum, a son born of a previous 
marriage. Gillecallum's son, Somerled II., then 
succeeded to his grandfather's possessions in the 
Highlands, while Dougall, above mentioned, 
acquired sway over the Isles. 

Somerled II. remained in undisturbed posses- 
sion till 1221, when he took part in an 
insurrection which caused Alexander II. to 
march against him. Collecting an army in 
Lothian and Galloway, the Scottish King sailed 
for Argyle, but was overtaken on the way by a 
storm and driven into the Clyde. A second 
attempt, however, proved more successful, and 
Somerled was compelled to retire to the Isles. 
At the same time, Argyle was raised into a 
Sheriffdom, with Gillespie Campbell of Lochawe 
as hereditary Sheriff. 

In the Sagas, under the name of Sundereyan 
Kings, appear the two sons of Dougall — Dougall 
Scrag, and Duncan. On these Princes refusing 
to yield even a nominal homage to Norway, 
King Haco desjiatched his commander Ilspac, 
with a fleet to reduce them to obedience ; but 
the leader of the expedition was in reality a 
brother of the two men he had been sent to 
subdue, and abandoning the service of Haco, 
united himself to them. Upon this Haco him- 
self advanced against them, and ultimately slew 
Dougall Scrag and his ally Somerled II. Uspac 
and Duncan escaped, but the former was after- 
wards slain in Bute. Duncan subsequently 
reasserted his authority, and founded the Priory 
of Ardchattan in Lorn. His son and successor, 
Ewen, continued his allegiance to Haco. 



232 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



DUNAVERTY ATTACKEU BY THE NORWEGIANS. 

The troubled state of the Isles at this period 
and the wavering allegiance of numy of those 
northern chiefs who were the acknowledged 
vassals of Scotland, were a source of continual 
annoyance and anxiety to the Scottish monarch 
(Alexander II.) and it became necessary for liim 
to devise some means to maintain his superiority 
over this portion of his territories. Accordingly, 
when all efforts to come to a compromise with 
Norway had failed, the chiefs whom he had 
completely bound over to his interest, were 
commissioned to attack the more steady adherents 
of that nation, and ravage their dominions by- 
tire and sword till they were thus reduced to 
such a state of misery and weakness, as to be 
glad to sujjpjicate for forgiveness and embrace 



the friendship of the Scottish King. Acting 
under the influence of this policy, Allan, Earl of 
Galloway, a faithful vassal of Scotland, with a 
fleet of a hundred and flfty ships set out in 1228 
and attacked and conquered the dominions of 
Olave the Black, King of Man. To revenge this 
insult Haco despatched an expedition to the 
Western Isles in 1230, and succeeded in re- 
establishing his vassal, Olave, in his kingdom of 
Man, though in other respects his expedition 
did not meet with much success. The Nor- 
wegians were violently oppo.sed in Islay, and 
again in an assault on Dunaverty Castle, they 
lost three hundred of their men. The castle on 
this occasion was bravely defended by one of the 
chiefs of the Stewarts; and when Haco's soldiers 
afterwards attempted a descent on Kintyre on 




SALTPANS AND MACIIKIIIAMSH BAY, KIN'TVUK. 



their return from l\lan, thej' were repnlsed with 
much lo.ss and com])elled to return to Norway. 
Haco, however, notwithstanding this defeat 
peremptorily refused to acknowledge the property 
of the Scottish Crown in the Western Isles and 
indignantly rej(!cted a subsequent proposal of 
Alexander to purchase their surrender by pay- 
ment of a large sum of money. The Scottish 
monarch had now no other course open to him 
than to resort to arms, and having assembled a 
powerful fleet he declared that he would con- 
quer the Isles and plant his standard on the 
clifl's of Thur.so, (Caithness at tliat time being a 
Norwegian jirovince. Death, however prevented 
the accomplishment of these designs for the 
King had not proceeded fartlier than the little 
island of Kerrera ofl the coast of Lorn, when 



lie was seized with a mortal illness and died on 
8th July, 1219, The account of his death as it 
is given in the Norwegian Chronicle, is striking 
and romantic : '• King Alexander," it says, 
" then lying in Kiararej' Sound, dreamed a 
dream, and thought three men came unto him. 
lie thought one of them was in Royal robes, but 
very stern, ruddy in countenance, sometliing 
thick, and of midilling size. Another seemed of 
a slender make, but active, and of all men the 
most engaging and majestic. The third, again, 
was of very great stature, but his features were 
distorted, and of all the rest he was the most 
unsightly, 'i'hey addressed llieir speech to the 
King, and en(iuired whether he meant to invade 
the Hebrides. Alexander thought he answered, 
that he certainly proposed to subject the islands. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



233 



The genius of the vision liade him so back, and 
told him no other measure would turn to his 
advantage. The King related his dream, and 
many advised hira to return, but the King 
would not ; and a little time after he was seized 
with a disorder, antl died. The Scottish army 
then broke up, and they removed the King's 
body to Scotland. The Hebridians say, that the 
men whom the King saw in his sleep, were 
Saint Olave, King of Norway ; Saint Magnus, 
Earl of Orkney ; and Saint Columba." 

Alexander III. on attaining his majority, 
resolved to complete the designs of his father, 
and sent the Earl of Ross against the Isles. 
Haco collected an army and assisted by many 
Highland chiefs, determined to oppose the forces 
of the Scottish King, and if possible assert his 
supremacy over the territories in question. In 
1263 both armies met at Largs where, as we 
know, the Norwegians were totally routed and 
Haco's hopes for ever blasted. Ewen, who 
during the hostilities had changed his mind and 
remained neutral, died without male issue, and 
the Lordship of the Isles then passed to the 
descendants of Reginald, second son of Somerled 
I. This Reginald was a more powerful Prince 
even than his father, and it was from him that 
those Macdonalds of Kintyre who in other 
days ruled with Princely state at Saddell and 
Dunaverty, were descended. Kintyre paid the 
Lords of the Isles a yearly tribute of five 
hundred cows. Islay contributed another five 
hundred, and the other isles a like proportion. 

Robert Bruce visits the Castle. 
One of the Macdonalds surnamed Angus Og, 
was the friend of King Robert the Bruce in his 
adversity and sheltered him at Saddell and 
afterwards at Dunaverty whence he crossed over 
to Rathlin after his defeat at Methven in 1306. 
This chieftain was the selfsame 

"... heir of mighty Somerled, 

Ronald, from many a hero sprung. 

The fair, the valiant, and the young, 

Lord of the Isles, whose lofty name 

A thousand bards have given to fame ;" 

the true name of the hero as Sir Walter Scott 

explains in a foot note being exchanged for 

Ronald eiiphoniac gratia. It was to this Angus 

also, on his arrival at Torwood, near Falkirk, 

that Bruce addi-essed these words still borne as 

a motto by the lineal descendants of the Lords 

of the Isles : " My hope is constant in thee." 

The monarch had waited long and anxiously 

and was even beginning to suspect the chieftain's 

allegiance, for Edward II. of England with a 

mighty force was fast approaching and the battle 

which was to decide the fate of Scotland was at 

hand. Angus, however, like a ti-ue Highlander 

proved as good as his word and nobly repaid his 

monarch's confidence by his valiant bearing at 



Bannockburn. It is to that juncture indeed 
that the poet transfers the words of Bruce : — 
" Lord of the Isles, my trust in thee, 

Is firm as Ailsa Rock ; 
Rush on with Highland sword and targe, 
I, with my Carrick spearmen charge ; 
Now, forward to the shuck ! " 
Upon the failure of the line of Reginald by 
the slaughter of Ronald in 134G, the Lordship 
of the Isles was inherited by John Macdonald, 
Chief of the Clan Donald, who had married his 
third cousin Amy, sister of Ronald ; and in this 
family it remained until the failure of the direct 
line by the death of Donald Dhu in 154.5. 

James IV. ascended the Scottish throne in 
1488 and in the si.xth year of his reign thrice 
visited the Highlands and the Isles, and having 
penetrated as far as Dunstaffnage and Mingarry, 
reduced most of the refractory chiefs to obedience. 
The Lord of the Isles, however, refused to 
submit and the King not being then in a condi- 
tion to attack him in his strongholds with any 
prospect of success, returned to Edinburgh, 
where he assembled a Parliament which declared 
the title and possession of John, then Lord of 
the Isles, to be forfeited to the Crown. Since 
that jjeriod the title has been borne by the heir- 
apparent to the Scottish throne. 

Captured by James IV. 
When proceeding on his first expedition, 
James landed at Tarbert, Loch Fyne, and having 
repaired the fort originally built there l)y his 
great ancestor Robert the Bruce, he provided 
it with artillery and skilful gunners. On his 
return in July he also seized the Castle of 
Dunaverty and placed a garrison in it for the 
purpose of reducing to submission the rude and 
turbulent chiefs of the district. This act gave 
great offence to Sir John Macdonald of Islay 
who it is said had nourished the hope of regaining 
possession of Kintyre which at one time had 
belonged to his family. On the first favourable 
opportunity the infuriated chieftain collected his 
followers, laid siege to the Castle and being 
successful showed his contempt for the royal 
authority by hanging the governor over the 
wall in sight of the King and his fleet. This 
savage revolt took James completely by surprise, 
but as most of his followers were absent on 
another expedition, he was unable to take 
immediate steps to punish the rebel chief. But 
so promptly were measures taken for the vindi- 
cation of the royal authority, that in a short 
time Sir John and his four sons were captured 
and conveyed to Edinburgh where they were 
found guilty of high treason and executed on 
the Boroughmuir, a huge tract of land in the 
neighbourhood of what is now known as the 
district of Bruntsfield. 

('I'o be continued.) 



234 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



TO CORRKSPONDENTS 

All Coiniiiuiiicatiini.1, on literiiiu itnil huainrss 
matters, shnulrl he arlrirrsai-d to the Kitilor, Ulr. .JOHN 
3IACKAY, IT ItitiKliix Street, Kiiifinlon, ^ilaagoir. 

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MONTHLY will be sent, post free, to any part of the 
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The Celtic Monthly 

SEPTEMBER, 1894. 

coic^'E:i>arTs. 



Sir Cu-irlbs A. Camkros (with plate), 

A .Minor Poet, 

Dksceni>.\nts of Allan Cameron, 

The Highland Brioade at Waterloo (illustrated;, 

W. A. .Martin, London (with plate), 

DlNAVERTY AND ITS TRADITIONS (illustrated), - . -f 

To OUR Readers, 

The Last Macdonalds of Isla, Part lu (illustrated), ■ 

Notes and <^rERiES, 

Oeokok Di^NCAN Shearer, Airdiue (with plate). - 

Andrew Key Sandison (with plate), 

OiR Canadian Letter, -..--... 
F.wioi's Highland Bards,— No. IL "Rob Dosn" Mac Aoidii, 
Om Mi'BicAL Paob— Marak'HE nan Tonn— The Sailor 

Laddie, 

Reviews, , 

cuieftainsiiir of the c'lan .mackinnon, .... 

OUR NEXT ISSUE. 



As we begin our third volume with the October 
issue we iiiteud making it a specially attractive 
number. \\'ith it we will present our readers with 
life like plate portraits of Mr. Alexander .\lackay, 
J. P., Wilts, President of the Clan Mackay Society; 
Lieut. Colonel Duncan Menzies, .T.P., of Blarich, 
Commanding the Ist Sutherland Highland Rifle 
Volunteers; and Alderman Thomas Bantock, Wolver- 
hampton, a distinguished native of (iolspie. In 
addition to these a number of very interesting 
contributions will a|)pear, which will be profusely 
illustrated. 

To SliisciuI'.eks. — We beg to remind our readers 
that the Aiimuil Subscriptions for Volume III. are 
now due We are most an.\iou5 to com))lete our list 
of Annual Subscribers for next volume, and will 
esteem it a favour if tho.so who intend renewing theii 
Subscriptions for another year would kindly forward 
a postal order for 4/- to the Ixlitor, VMir. Monihlij, 
17 l)unda.s Street, Kingston, Glasgow, at once. We 
shall feci greatly obliged if our readers will give this 
matter their immediate attention. 

Pound Copies ok Voi.i'mk 11. — As we will be 
able to BU])ply only a limited number of copies of this 
handsome volume those who wish any are requested 
to apply to the Kditor at once. The prices are — 
Hound in strong leather, with gilt lettering, 8/-; 
cloth, 6/6. Post free. 

Garlic Society of Invkrnkss. — The Annual 
Concert in connection with this flourishing Society 
wa« held in Inverness on the Evening of the M'ool 



Market, Mr. C. Fraser- Mackintosh, Chief, occupied 
the Chair, and was supported by a large number of 
notable Highlanders. The Concert was a brilliant 
success, the programme being a specially attractive 
one. The popular chairman delivered a most interes- 
ting address on Gaelic music, and urged on High- 
landers t« cultivate more the beautiful melotlies of 
their own land. Miss Lizzie B. Mackay, Ghisgow, 
was the leading vocalist, and receiveil a hearty 
reception from the audience. 

Mr. T. U. MacDonald, London, whose name 
is familiar to so many of our readers, has, we under- 
stand, accepted the management of the Rideaii Club, 
Ottawa, Canada, and leaves for the Dominion in 
September. Mr. MacDonald is a thorough good 
Highlander, and has taken an active part in all the 
great national, social, and literary Highland move- 
ments for many years past, and we are glad to learu 
that his countrymen intend presenting him with a 
handsome testimonial as a mark of their esteem. Mr. 
W. A. Martin, 24 Beauclerc Road. London, W., acts 
as .Secretary, and will be glad to receive subscriptions 
from Mr. .MacDonald's many friends. We trust that 
his valuable services will be adequately acknowledged. 
He has our best wishes for his prosperity in the land 
of his adoption. 

We have again to acknowledge our indebtedness to 
Mr. Adam Millar (Mes.srs. William Cross & Co., 45 
Montrose Street, Glasgort') for the use of several 
valuable engravings for reproduction in the Celtic 
Monthly. He has kindly placed his splendid collec- 
tion of Highland books, prints and paintings at our 
disposal for engraving purposes, and we hope to give 
fine copies of these from time to time. 

We are also indebted to Mr. William Graham of 
North Erines, and Mr. John Cameron, J. P., Kirkin- 
tilloch, for two of the plates used in this issue: and to 
Mrs. Kamsay of Kildalton, Islay. for a photograph of 
Dunyvaig Castle of which we give an excellent 
reproduction. 

The Mod ok Gathering of the Highland 
Association takes place in Oban on 11th September. 
We trust that as many as possible of our readers will 
attend. Full particulars will be found in our adver- 
tising paijes. 

The Glasgow Cowal Shinty Cn-n have re- 
cently been making themselves ii.seful in eoiilriliuting 
to the success of the Highland .'-^ikhIs at F.diiiliurgh 
and l)unooii. At both tlie.se gatherings this faincms 
club sent two picked teams who gave a spirited 
exhibition game of shinty, which on each occasion 
aroused great enthusiasm among the spectators, and 
proved the most exciting item on the programme. 
They are still open to send teams to other sports, in 
the hope that in this wcy they may revive an interest 
in the grand old Highland game. 

'I'liE C'oitKY .Ma<;Kinn((Ns. — We are obliged to 
the lady of the MacKinnon Clan who kindly sent us 
a copy of the pamphlet stating (he claims of the 
Corry branch of the Clan to the Chieftainship. We 
have read it with much interest. 

Dii. Ahchibald CAMriiELL, Captain of the 
(iLASOow Cowal Shinty Ci.iii, has just taken his 
degree at GlasgiiW University, ami the interesting 
event was duly celebrated at a Social Meeting of the 
members, when the Duclor wius heartily congratulated 
on his success. 



THE CELTIC MONTHLY. 



235 




r' 








Part X. — Prior of Oronsay's Bond; 
Troubles of Sir James MacDonald ; 
AND Destruction of Dunyvaig Castle. 



|pI5||HE next document I have of Sir James 
X^ Macdonald's is a Bond by Ronald 
^^^ M'Connald vie Iain of Hand, which is 
as follows, modernized : — 

I have not identified the granter, unless he 
were owner of the Isles at the mouth of Loch 
Kilkeraii, sometimes called " Island L>avaar," 
and have some doubt where Knockransay is 
situated, probably in Loch Ranza of Arran, or. 
the five merk land in South Kintyre called 
" Knockreanoch." The Witnesses were all men 
of note. 

" Be it known to all men by these present letters, 
the Ronald M'Connald of Hand, vie ean to have 
granted, confessed, and accepted as by these presents 
grants, confesses and accepts the Right Honourable 
Sir James M'Connald of Knocki-ansay, Knight, as 
my superior Master and Foster, and therefore by 
the tenure hereof binds and obliges me to fortify 
against and defend the said Sir James with all and 
whatsoever force, strength, and might, that I ean 
or may have, either of men or gear, in all his actions, 
errands or business in whatsoever places he have 
or shall have to do, contrar and against all deadly 
or mortals without any exception in all times 
hereafter, and for the more verification of all and 
sundry the premises the said Ronald has s\ib- 



scribed these presents with my hand as follows. — 
At Knockransay the 9th day of March, 1597 years, 
before these witnesses, Gorrie vie Allister of Lupe, 
Archibald M'Connald of Largie, and Archibald 
M'Allister of Crossage, Avith others diverse. I 
Ronald M'Connald with my hand at the pen led 
by the ^vriter under written because I could not 
write myself. (Signed), Johne M'Kay, -irriter 
hereof as witness, etc." 

The next and last of my original documents 
is most interesting referring as it does to 
Oronsay, tliat Sacred Isle adjoining Colonsay, 
where by tradition Columba first set foot on 
Scottish soil. Oronsay in the ancient Parish of 
Kilchattan or Kilduran was a five merk land 
and belonged to the Priors instituted it is said by 
Columba, and carried on till 155.5 when Robert 
Lamont, probably the last Catholic Prior was 
presented to the Priorate, vacant by the death 
of Donald Macduffie. The remains of the 
Church and Cloisters are still considerable, with 
fine crosses and handsome tombs, all connected 
with the ancient family of Macdutfie otherwise 
Macphee. Of this Bond a fac simile is given, 
and with the spelling modernized is as follows: — 

" Be it known to all men by these presents me 
Sir James M'Conill of Knockrinsay, Knight, to have 
taken and by these presents takes my loving 
servitor and native kynd man Donald Makduphee 
Pryor of Oronsay in my maintenance, warrand and 
life safe guard, and p