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Full text of "Censura Literaria"

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CENSURA LITERARIA. 



VOLUME VI. 



Singula liBtiui 
Bxquiritque auditque rirdm monamenta priori|iii. 

TlftOTI.* 



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BA&K4U> AND FABLBT, 
r Street, I 



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CENSURA LITERARIA. 



CONTAIN IKO 



TITLES, ABSTRACTS, 



OPINIONS 



OLD ENGLISH BOOKS, 



ORIGINAL DISQUISITIONS, ARTICLES OF BIOGRAPHY, 
AND OTHER LITERARY ANTIQUITIES. 



BY 

SIR EGEHTON BRYDGES, Bart. K. J. M. P, 



SECOND EDITION. 

Wim THE ARTICkSS CI<A88BD IN CHBONOLOOICAIi ORDBK 
UMDER THBIB SBPAIIATE HBAD8. 



VOLUME VI. 



HotttlOtlt 

nUNTpD FOR UWaiUir, BDBST, BBH, OUV, A]IB W/OWS, 



1815, 

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/()V-s-/.t 0-) 



UNIVTRSITY 
LIBRARY 



,*> 



.A en 



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TABLE OP CONTENTS 



TO 



VOLUME VI. 



Miscellanies. {Continued.) 

A&T. Paoc 

480 Tran slation of Braflmiis*8. Epicdf ens, 1 545. ..«•,. 1 

481 ■ againit Detttb, 1553 S 

48« NewtoH'f Touchstone of Complexions, 1 57 6 6 

483 Whetstone's Rock of Regard, 1576 10 

484 English Mirror, 1586.... 23 

j|S5 Promos and Cassandra, 1 578 2t 

486 ■ Mirror for Magistrates of Cities, 1584 30 

487 — — — Heptameron of Ciril Discourses, 1582 32 

488 I Remembrance of G. Gaskoigne 3T 

489 R. Robinson's Oyal of Dayly Contemplation, 1578 38 

490 Reward of Wickedness 40 

491 Moulton's Mirror, or Glass of Health 43 

492 H. Buttes* Dyet's Dry Dinner, 1599 .%. 44 

493 Parker's Bible, 1568 49 

494 Barker'! Bible, 1613 50 

495 Hollyband'fl Arnall and Lucenda, 1 575 52 

496 Italian Schoolmaster, 1 597 54 

497 Chrtstall Glass for Christian Women, n. d 55 

498 T. Niohokt's Newi from China ib^ 

TOL. TI. b 



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Ti CONTENTS. 

4f9 Friar Bacon's Mirror of Alchemy, 1 5§T 62 

500 Certaine Matters composed together 64 

501 Descriptiones Persecutionis Christianorum, n. d. . . . Tl 

502 Nash's Pierce Penilesse, 1593 76 

50S N. Breton's Characters upon Essays, 1615 95 

504 Mornay on Life and Death, by Lady Pembroke, 1 600 97 

505 Thorne'fl Kenning Qla«s«, 1609 99 

506 R. Carr's Mahumetane History, 1600 102 

507 Artof JnglingbyS.R. 1612..«. 104 

508 A Treatise named Lucasolace, 1590 no 

509 A Dialogue on Cards...... « * Ill 

510 Treatise on Bees, 1593 112 

511 Briefe Chronologie of the Holie Scriptures, 1600... 115 

512 The Araingment of Lewde Women, 1615 116 

513 Ester hath hang'd Haman, 1617 117 

514 Manwaring's Vienna, n. d 118 

515 Sir John Coimay's Meditations, nw d 122^ 

516 Letters of Sam. Danyell, 1601 128 

51T WrighVsPa8iiQntoftheMind,160U.^ 130 

518 A New Post, by Sir J. D. n. d _. 144 

519 Chatnber of Judicial Astrolpgy, 1601 ,. 141 

4^20 Heywood's Apology for Actors, 1612 150, 

521 Miscellanies, by Elizabeth Grymston, 1604 161 

522 Bodin's Six Bookes of ^ Commonweale, 1606«.*... 465 

523 Clapbam's Briefe of the Bibl^, 1608,.,. 17Q 

524 Tofte's Blazon of JealoiMie, 1615, «» 171 

525 Fennor's Compter's Commonwealth, 1617 175 

586 Mayer's Treasury of Ecclesiastical Expotition*, 

1622 181 

527 Deckar's Yillaniet discovered, lilc, 182 

528 Lprd Cbandos's More Subiecivs, 1620 ..k*** 192 

529 Hensbaw's Hpre Succisiys^ 1 661 . * ;••.,... ib, 

530 John Ford's Line of Life, 1620.^,...,.^ « »,,. 194 

531 Pasquil's.Palinodia, 1«24 ,... 195 

532 Essaysby Sir Wii..CornwaUis^ Younger, 1632 196 

M3 Metamprpbosisof Mamdec^herf4>1634 • 2Qa 

ia4 Siitorygf Dr. John Fattit«f» 1636.^; ,^.. 20« 



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CONTENTS. ^n 

Am,t* Pagk 

5S5 Barry's Military Difcipltne, 1694 eo6 

586 Markham's Description of Sir John Burgh, 1698.... 913 
597 Dn Verger's Events, selected from Bp. Camus, 1639 218 

538 Microcosmographie, by Bp. Earle, 1630 S29 

539 Sidney and Oolding's Mornay on the Christian Re- 

ligion, 1604 %S2 

540 Feltham's Resolves, 1698, &c 895 

541 Markham*sCavalarice, 1617 842 

548 R.Tisdale's Pax Vobis, 1693 944 

549 The Image of both Churches, Hierusalem and Babel, 

1629 245 

544 The History of Frier Rush tb. 

545 Barclay's Ar^enis, 1696 248 

54,6 Wither on the Choice of Knights and Burgesses, 

1645 951 

547 Howeirs England's Teares, 1644.. 256 

548 DeBdroiogifr— Dodona's Grove, 1645 258 

549 YoxBorealis, 1641 259 

550 Articles of Treason against Cheapside Cross, 1642. . 270 

551 Mistris Parliament in her Bed, 1648 ^. . . 273 

559 Diidogne between Charing and Cheapside Crosse, ' 

1641 274 

553 A Model of Truths ; or, a Discovery of Passages 

in Parliament, 1642 277 

554 Lord Monmouth's Romulus and Tarquin, 1648.... 279 

555 ■ Use of Passions, 1649, 281 

566 A New Windmil, 1643 284 

667 Paul's Churchyard 285 

558 BibliotbecaMilitum, 1659 286 

559 Parliamenti, 1653 287 

560 Two Centuries of Paul's Churchyard, 1669 290 

561 Guzman Hinde and Hannam outstripped, 1657 295 

662 The Character of an Antiquarian, 1658 309 

563 Chisenhall's Catholike History, 1 653 304 

564 The General History oi Women, 1 657 308 

566 R. H.'s Paradoxical Assertions, 1 659 309 

566 Countep of Bridgewater'i Prayers, 1663 314 



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THi CONTENTS. 

Art. Pao« 

567 Higford's Institutions of a Gentleman, 16dO 383 

668 Barksdale's Memorials of worthy Persons, 1661 ... . 3S9 

569 The Way to be Rich, after Audley, 1662 339 

570 Lord Derby on the Protestant Religion, 1669, 1671 338 

571 The City's great Concern, 1674 333 

672 The £ssex Champion, n.d 335 

573 Ingelo's Bentivolia and Urania, 1 669 346 

574 Evelyn's Essay against Solitude, 1 667 346 

575 Siic Geo. Mackenzie's Essays, 1713 866 

576 Webster on Witchcraft, 1677 366 

577 Salgado's Manners of European Nations, 1684...... 369 

.578 Notices of Salgado. 871 

579 ModehiAccountof Scotland, 1679 373 

580 The Bowman's Glory, 1688 380 

581 Shifbpf Reynardine, 1684..., 38U 

582 Country Conyersations, 1694 ibw 

583 Martin's Hebrides, 1703 384 

584 Great Britain's Honey Combe, 1712 408 

586 Palmer's Essays, 1710 411 

586 Collier's Essays, 1732 ib. 

587 Luahii^ton's Sermon, 17 11 , 412 



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CEN8URA LITERARIA. 



MISCELLANIES. 

Am.CCCCLXXX. [Tbisisatraosbitionortho 
£piciire«8 of Eratmus. It is not mentioned hy 

. iAies or Herbert Note by Dr. Fanner. Title 
wanting. Colophon.] ImpritUedui London wiikm 
ihiprednciofiheMUedistoltied hou$t of thegr^ 
frierif by Rk/uardc OrmfUmj Printar too tk€ 

. I^rincoi Qrmce^ ike XXIX daU of lufyy ikeyeote 
ofomr Lorde MDXLV.* 800. 47 Uaves. 

IwscAiBBD wMt an epittfo tiiat ^^ the babovnd^VDt 
mencie and graoe of our beauenly fiitber lesu Ghriilt 
mmyt alwaies itrengthen and deiknde oore noUBSi 
vertuou8 Piynce Edward too the naintenaiibce of 
the linely woord of Grod. Whereat nianye hi^mriei 
of <dde & auncient antiqnttie, and also al godl/te 
Christitf* writers nost playnely constf't together, and 
agree in this, that digniiie, riohes, Idnred, wordly 
pompe, and renoume, doo neither make men better^ 
ne yet happiwr, contrarie too the Uynde ft fonde 
indgement of the most part of menne : bat by the 

* The page followiiif tha colophon, has the feathen and crown 
between two capitals E. P. with motto beneath on a ribband, Ich 
Mtn, the whole in a circle^ centre of a white star, {irradiated on « 
blMft square grMmii md Osaftott*s liaptoved ^tbitoa' th* nesft 



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TOL. TI* 



9 

power and streiq^li of the mjnde, that is, learDjn^^ 
>rysedotne, and vertae^ all m^nne are hyghlj ea- 
richfd; ornftedvand mo* ]|ar^ji)eutrfiec|) fhrlfiese 
bee thinges bothe notable, eternall, and verye-fii- 
miliar betwene the haaiipnlj father & vs* It is 
therefore euidente, most excellent Prince, that the 
fittest orname"te$rl^f Jf»W tjrooefs, 'tender agee bee, 
eruditicT and virtue. Whereunto you are bothe so 
eariiteBlIy - addiet^ r £»d tl^in . sv ifddi&^tuliy. icbo 
pi»eiiaile^ tb«t I nede tjlot tcNNcarii6rtd<& cxMltiniilate 
your Grace Vuto ther stody theDoofl Vor that God 
hifi^ ^M hath vWvoSkigfa^^ ^n^- fouirffiiadJyo^ mjwde 
90 iqpt kil(A deiftirbus) too attilyiie iii^d 'ililtgfirt^y .too 
teeh^ fi>r vA gedly rdocftvine, ihat ewe' now ^^n 4op 
dhei^ > iii .^liy^rdi dalyk§(e9 aad ^hioifigeB> auohe a 
wonderfolk pleaiaifte^ muek'^^^ viito< ^ occt^ne 
swete musike or harmonie, that any honest hart 
eoDfeiidiiii^y^ futotfld lidia^ce in . die; sigfafti AIi«9pC 
Ve«e\]ff jam Gxtiq^ thinfa^tb; pWa^ ^ttiiM h^ 
Hksdi is) not. besMiw^ yi^mn Imtbyxkg^ mhkik k a 9Wtm 
rare^lqing) i& mky^\chSA^ ^lod jafftatr^^ JA a 
Prittdtfi uFbuai ycmr^ IMbletii^ mh^n 4^iv^ * v^f't 
tue aord kanlhig)^ tl^e m^i : . nu jr^si ) imi y^sgl^^ 
treasurm, ifdkoll&itre sliirri9;obptt(aU^ifwM)/a()rc^fi$f 
thto< anyb Tiibit^s oh tj^itea*.; Nfwfce^jWprai Qif^e^ 
prcpaieib: f<r/4hp iliiiteQmft*fei}d.fpJ«a8«i|ft^ 
. IM01 littyikiei) : N<>^»i ryont srfw ifen >tb«*; yapkk^ /cm 

cellour in all your affaires. Now your magnifice't 
ip?|rnde studied^ tliatp Whfcfie all Eiigly^fie ni^nne 
y^'ifixm^ke'^x^ h^pa^^ J^^^^ 8^^ di^ii:jit^(^<>d tQ 
anluei jeoiiri'jGs»fiec,«ith.alk) i NqwuiWikbud^ligpeat 

labour you searche for a thy ng as one most myndefel 

a ' ,ir .JiO{ 

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ef^ti^ A^f,. imipnr & tiat t^d^ that hMt « 
lerned PriDte. Nowe you tnniaile far that, «lii<Aa 
eonquei^th, and kepeth douoe all greuous tour* 
mentes & Qutragious afrections of the mynde, too 
the furderatice of good lidyng and uaintenliif ce of 
vertue, I meane hokome erudition and learnyng/^ 
[This address exttodd to i^neteen pages, and con* 
dudes] ^ I thought it good too translate this 
dialoge, ckRed the Epicure, for your Grrace: 
whiche seemed too me too bee very fhmilidr, 8c one 
of y% godUest diatoges y'. any miT hath writt^ in y*. 
Latin ton|^. Now therfbre I most humili praie, y*. 
this my rud^ & simple translation may bee acceptable 
vnto your Grace, trustyng also y*. your mpst ap<- 
proued gentilnes wil take it in good part. , There as 
I doo not fotow y*. Latyn, woord for woord, for I 
mkym fKdfm <M|rtttne set pitt^ofte. Your htimile 
tei*iiinit, ¥uatit*M G^BAAmn, groum* of yolu^ 
Chf^^^i Ohambre*'' 

' TtetMnilaliM b kvdialbgae, the inteirloeut^iri 
Hedonivs and Spvdevs; iindthctf pleoe, by the tttttte 
trMdato»^*i#onfytkMr9ra'lk«n the turtef n&tic6 in 
M au^sidl'ii cMtak^ffiM/ 

} ■. 1 ' ' ,' c J 4 Urn 

^AT^ 'CCCC^^XXI, A comforUibh exi^imgn 
: ^fgfnathc cfiqmqes of^ deaih^ maie hj/ Eramm 
2^^^B(4er. Anm 1S53. Colophon.. Jpi^ntedal 
r JUmdap in Fletfi stretey in the fun^e tff Thomaf 
Berthelet. Cumpriuikgioadimi^rimei^msolu^ 
.^ S^^tall 8fOQ, 2Q leaves. ; , 

. Tnk^titfeisilia iqnortf fignmd arddt#ettt« i}4ftN< 
fartnant^aM ap|iMratii# fsaamm wiU'iifii form 

B )2 

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iecinoft of the Bisbop of Worcester in 1537, ni:^ 
ftcribed by Herbert, p. 439. At the badi* 

" Tho. Berthekt. 

** lotothU worlde naked we entered;. * 

And SQ we must agayne out of it fiire; 
Peatb by no man ^%n be jesMted ; . 

Tbere is no lyues tiding it will spm-e; 
Than wherfore sbuld^ w^ for it care 1 

It aiiailcth not, but passe on foortbe . 
The harde strokes (qhance thei vnware) 

And pacieiitly take tbem in woortbe. 
For thei that take death vnpaciently^ 

Seme to the WDrlde to set their mynde. 
Blessed be thei that in our Lorde d|e. 

For thei be sure the very life to fynde*" 

. ' Theab^^e liiies are tbe only prefi^tiire 4» thii 
^dre&is of £ra^u.9 to « father fi^n tiie d^th <rf his 
son, which form but slight grounds foe c0i)}e^lur# 
jtbat t^e printer, and poet ih^s also the; tmnsJNaon 
Sul})pine4 is a sh^rt speiehneQ^ .;.... , ; 
** Qq tO)iiowe a,lit<^ wliH^iH^laieitQf ether the 
foul enormities^ the painfullabo^rs^ land the perils 
and dangers of this life (if it maie be called a life.) 
And on^ the Other side rekeii and cast what cbmiho- 
ditees and pleasures (of tttet othet Hfe) irk atl t^ie 
prepared for tbe^ godlj cr^dtiires that tie tildcked 
lience awajr: and than ye shdll soone perceitt#, ^hat 
no mail ian de> vnHghtousHe! tha^n he^ the^ Vblfehe 
Ifl^Titablie bewaiieth that high goodnes^ Vnlorthe 
whiche only we be both borne? aitd^ordbined, euen 
aatbo^g^e.it were a right gmat andigiievoila^bai^e. 
Si^'tiA»QyAj becaMfieye bet feftp^^comiirllea^afaNif 



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Wiflioiit cMldren, wlian ye hatie beg^of tef k sonne to 
inhabite heueii ; the holj remembrance of ^hom (tL9 
it were of a diuine thinge) ye maie reuerence, the 
which aboue in heue" beyng carefull for jou, tnaie 
greatlj fiirtber the prosperous successe of your 
basines here. For he is nother ignorsTt of mortal 
folkes busines, nor hath not forgone with the bodie 
the lowly renerence and tender loue, whiche he 
was wonte to beare to you his father. Nt^ doubt he 
Uueth, beleue me he liueth, and perauenture is 
present with vs, and hereth, and perceiueth this our 
eonrmunicacion, and both laugheth at and damn^th 
this our laraentacion. And if the grossenes of our 
bodies letted not, perchance we shulde here him 
blaming ?s for our wepying with these manner of 
Wordes. What Ab ye ? Will ye abridge your daies^ 
and finishe your olde age with this ynproii table, yea 
I maie well sale piuisshe lamentacidn ? Wherfbre 
do you with so iniuste complaintes accuse and blame 
deslenie, fortvne and deathe ? Haue you enoie at 
me, because I am deiioered from the fuels of that 
life, and am brought to this felicitee that I am in ? 
But be it, that your fetheriy goodnes apd pure 
Wiitie dotbe not enuie me ; yet what other thing 
meaoelh this «orowfull coitiplamingf Thynkeyou 
this worthie to be lamented, that 1 am deduete and 
brought from tbraldome to libertee, from peine and 
care to pleasure and felicitee, from darkenes VHto 
fight, from perile and danger vntb sure saftie, from 
death vato Jife, from dickenesses and disseases vuta 
immortalitee, from so many euils to so high goodnes) 
from thyages caduke and transitorie to tike euer* 
lastyng, fro tKjriges erthly to oelesUdl, and, finallyi 



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frora the corrupte aod vncleqei eompanie of aU pe<>^. 
pje to the felowship of augele*" — 

J- H- 

Any. CCCCLXXXII. The Touchsime of Com- 

. pkxiom; generalise applmble^ expedient and pro- 

Jitablejhr all suchy as be desirous and care full of 

their bod^ij/e hmlih^ Cmiia^ning most easie rules, 
I and read^ tokens^ whereby euertf one mat/ perfectly, 
.1 f ?yj md throughly knoxB^ ^swell the ezacte stute^ 
^^J^abite^ disposition^ and constitution^ of his owne 
£ ^od^ outwardly i as also the indinationsy affections^ 
^ ^olionsy and desires of his mind inwardh/. First 

mriUen in Latine^ by Leuine Lemne^^ and hcjep 
^,, Englished by Thomas Newton. Nosce teipsum* 

Imprinted at London^ in Fieeie'Streele^ 6y Thymus. 

Mavsky Anno 1 576- Cum Priuilegio. Small ^vo^ 

157 kmts^ without dedication^ ^x* 6. L Her^ 

heji S65. 

DiiDicATED " to the Right Honourable^ his sin^* 
fuler ^ood Lord^, Sir WUliam Brooke, Knightey 
Baron Cobham, and*Xorde Warden of the Cinqua 
Fort pa; Thoma.^ Newton, hi& humble orator, wishetli 
l^ttg life^ en crease of honor, with prosperous health, 
and eteniall felieitye/' Dated Butley^ in Cheshire^ 
21 S^pt. 1576, 

The work is divided into two books ; the first con- 
taining ten^ and the second §ix chapters, digcussmg 
various malstdioi attending human life, interspersed 
with apposite anecdotes, proverbs^ and transiation% 
from Horace, Juvenal^ &c. : 

^ Lsviniti^ L^irimlQSj an emiDent ph^RidaEi and divine, was ^ora 



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L 



. la ptiaf adiiS»i» to wtiga^jr Ai imsA-oi tbe 
iAog dsijny theadthor relpiM'his viit to Eni^iiid; 
iifa sfef d, ^it shall lie ;v6rfe tfood td dprinekfe ofi ibe 
fMrametttsjMiil cbole the 0i»ii» of oior hornet dr 
dttitd^rs wyth epriagiog wider, anU Ihento strelr 
^hein o^ier with 8dd|;e^ tod to triiliiiia dpi oiir paiL 
loara With grocae bonglws^ frahe herbes <nr vyne 
leanest which ^diingalduAigh in the Lfm Cohittrcy 
it im ntnuiiy frdquaaled^ y^t nb nation mam diu 
loaiitly^ Bioreii^iiiiBtlvy nor Hiorf^«ii(fi4)y then.thay 
do ia Eiigiaada. For, not long agoiie travejrliag^ 
iata that floumhinge islands, paitly to tee th^ 
ftafaioas -of that wealthy coontroy, Wyth nan : df 
ftaia aiid wotAynessa M> bruited ahd reaowawd^ 
Mid f)artly« to visile WiUiaw Leome, in whoai 
pampatiy and wddoing, I greatly reioyce<a8a fiitfaer 
mm aM biU ^be) and take gingnler oohfentaEtimi- in^ 
virdty, even ^t my first artyiral at Dover, and e4 
fdoag nryimimey towahl Londoa, which Iditpiich^ 
ad piHrdy a^plMi horsdnioiBe, -and par% by walei^ I 
aawe and noted maaye thinges able to rafiBhe and 
fdlure any miin in the worid^ with detiyre to tra* 
traile, aad.'see that so aofale a tountrey* For 
beings bravigbta by D. LeaiDie(a skilAiH physieioa 
andweK thbughte of Ihaie forbis knowiedge aad 
^apei^eaee) into the comptfnye of honourable and 
wordnpMl peraobdgefi, everjregentfetnan aad«the# 
woorthyiierjloa shewed anto nto (beiage a 8trauQ4 
gar iionie, and one t^at never had beebe there 
before) all pointsB of nost iVendly cti^sye^ &nA 
taking die fitrfit by^ the 'hand, )loviogly enbraced andl 
badde me righthartety welcomo. 
^ ^ Fiw th^ bepeOfde vcay miU god wel*aftctedl 



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to mcfn well stryki^ in ytares^ana to gseb n Ware 
any countenance and eBtiipation of learninge, . wl^iifli 
thing thej*thi|t halfe suspect and have not had tfafe 
full trjall of the maners and fashions of this coin|- 
trejr, wil skar cely bee pers waded to beleeve. Them- 
4bre, financklye to utter what I thincke, of the ii»- 
oredible curtesie, and frendlinesse in speadie and 
-affabilitie used in this fiuhous Royalme, I moift 
Beedes confesse, it doth surmount and caiye away 
the pricke and price of al others. And hesyde tUs^ 
the. neate cleanlines, the exquisite finenesse, the 
pleasaunte and delightful furniture in every point 
for household, wonderfully reioyced mee; their 
chambers and parlours, strawed over with sweet 
jierbes,. refreshed meet; their hosegayes finelyg 
entermingled wyth sondry sortes of fire^^nte iloares^ 
in their bedchambers and ]^i vie roomies, with con* 
lertaUe smell cheered m^ up, and entierlye de^ 
lighted all my sence^; andlthis do I thiiiek to be the 
£aus0 ji. Englishmen, lyving by such holsenieand 
JBxquisite meate, and in. so holesome and healthfU 
aiyre, be so freshe and cleane coloured ;. their ikcesj 
' eyes, and countenance, caryingiwiih it, 'and repre>» 
aenting a portly grace and comelynesse, gev^h but 
Evident tokens of an hone^ mind ; ini langimge 
i&ty smooth and allectivoj but yet ^seasoned and 
tempered within the limits. and bondf of modera* 
tion^ ' not bumbasted with any unseemely ternles, or 
in&rced with any clawing flatteries or; allurenrent^ 
At their tables they be Jverye sumptuoiys, and love 
fo have good fare; yet neither use. they to* over** 
charge themselves wyth excesse of drincke,. neither 
Ihfi^tb gi*eatfy prbvohe and lirge fthers,. b«t suffer 



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(9 

eMfyfiDiaf^cr dMmht^riii Jnohikieinim as.lietle 
pfeftsedi hinselfei wliidiilriQck (brii^ ejtheral^ 
wt hb&ab) noat j^tes^iiilt 4n taate and belbMoiidj; 
Pot^jFoed^ lh<^ MA nbtifron ftfreiae pkoes, but kave 
k Msoiige tbf nt Mlvei.'bnBwed. . 

* <^ Atr tdaebtng tbefr pepidotn uui great kaboted 
tilA^^y** ftuk^idnes of tlieir ground and sojd^ thets 
Ufol^ apiingeA aad mighty ri vert, their graat Jmordi^ 
and flodif ofcattol, their myateiies and art of aneav** 
imf and dothm^hing, their ^kiifillnes in ahootjing^ it 
ii^MeditaiehteMtodtetoimie; seeing dhe multitude 
ofmardhaunts, exercjsing the traffique lindifrteoif 
marchaundize amonge them, and ambassadours also 
sente tiiyther flrotti fprralne priiities, afe able aboun- 
dantljto testi^e, that nothing needefol andexpe- 
diente for mans use and commoditie lacl^eth in that 
most noble ilande/' 

The exercises for strong men are nearly similar 
to the Cotswold games '^ wrestling, coy tinge, tennis, 
bowlinge, i^horlebattinge, lifting, great waightes, 
pitching thabarre, ryditig^ running, k^piiige, shoot- 
ing in gunnes, swymmiag, tossing y\ pike, tyltinge, 
barryers and teiime^." For gentle exercises, to be 
<^ caiyed iq wagons, rowed in boates, singinge and 
musical! melodie ; and if thereto be used ' a cleare 
and lowde reading, of bigge tuned soundes by 
f topics and certayne pauses, as our comicall fellowes 
n5W air, "thaf measure rhetorick by their peevistt 
rbyllnnes, h will bryug exceeding mudi good to tfaa 
htea^t aikl niuiide^.'- *. . \ ^ w> 

Oertiitt humours m the conatkutioii, having mbre 
powei^ and controutling thbn the "idanels, they 
^ briedt «nd^ jiring forth iafo the tll^atre of^is 



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m 

ptAtei^^ /9ope: pt^ratitesan&dMrbadcefy soito chilli 
attd oodtwbmbes^ mriieselfe'plea^rSf whiH^tMote 
nuHi^ Jof iketaoBeliwa, thenalDthe ireM of Uie> toivm 
besjde doth; some iti^Mti^lieo aod'fiypcr^ mfto/i 
^ocMsd raSans and ^ififtd^b, ^rj^otooil}? wietyag 
and) consom vng : ibeir patvimonj ^ soitie! d^rcer^ ahi 
gkiaesldii^ some drencher ^^mte ind ao9eMm, fibui^ 
eottBtef&hnrt^ ^ skofiaivy InmUob ' aad g^H jirei^ 
ioineiiugglere, &; 'lazier dtt tDmnefulaj^i^ w^^tt 
greeti raMafbente of othav leiv^da' liMieiv a# i^tidV 
torU'^beeyde, '" i • ■ . !.•.'-• >•.. ;'' » 



• . ^ * 

' ' ' '♦ Al fabling rbut^ of ydle iodtei, '. ' ' ' ' > 

^ * ' ' <5onsuiiihig gi-ayrii jirid cotne,^ ' ' ' 

Dcvoyde of thry ft, cyphers td fJlf* i * . : 

'^ ' ' upV(mri»c;and tale foHornei < -t 

'^ ^ Hifehtwoersof Per*eI6pe, • • " ^- * 

f' ' kark v^lettes, fltfttritig^ Bi«t«Sv ^ •: • *' 

'" ' Aad belly'goddesy: ^ddiet 109 inuch^ '• ; 
'•to cheere and dainty catos^ 

* ( Wbolove to snort 4i bfedrtetaiaoiw,- . : f 

. : ; and. hear th«m)fQ9tre)le0;plftja. ,f . •- 

■ ;, Q^ j^i^D^th^pf s« '^o bapish diMk^^s ; ,t 

^{ , .. andehi^^^ailxa^eawayf" , , • ., . ..i- 

II. lyiiim iHMi'f V ; iti. | »i/i..iuli | 1 m i . 1 ^\\\ ^j , 1- 

AATv.eCQGLXXXUL I> ^ocia cf Megtird^M 

divided into foure parts.' The fii^st^ theGosik isfi 

'J iJ>eUgM / 'i^feiii u repoAedy (he ^wrcHhed md}of 

' wiintek aM dissolute living Ike^ stcandi^.fh^ 

rMarden^)of Ihahr^iinesBe^ vih^iltih .JStrtV.mmy 



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u 

The tkirde, the Arbour ^^ Vertrnj t$henm shun- 
. 4e^ i^ higUy pliMAed^ nmi tmlBeafr ilmMen ^hd 
, g^tmrnHf^ tw&rthiltf eommdHded. ♦ 3"»e fourth, 
the Ortchpfi of Ripenkmce; 70hqran dte dis^ 
coursed, the mi$€rU$ that fMame didittgy the niis^ 
dltVgfei of qtMreUng^ the fail ofpraSigiiiti^^ Sid 
ih^ smisn overthrowe of famre hotaHe ftfusners^ 
«rAi dioerg oihermordUj fkUurai^ tmd tmgkal dU* 
4mn'm/ d^eumenU and admmkhmlt "Mn^ all the 
mventum, collection^ and tramUObm of ^George 
Whetstones J Gent. Format nullafdes... T^fisfai^ 
tbe title. — A Colophon adds — Imprintedat I^pndpn 
for Robert PTalejf. Anno 1576, 4/o* . . ^ 

A9tA% M epmtle dedicatory of three {m^ed *^l'o 
•U the young gentlemen of England,** and a gehefal 
advertisement ^^ unto the reader/' v^iiBes In com- 
q^eodatiom of tl^e bpok and its tatbor aw-dupf^Ved 
fay Nicholas Bpwyer^i K* ,C* Hupifir^jr Tunw^f 
Abraham Flemipgi and John Wyttw^. TbaAitQmfi 
mences the f^rst part of the author's yr^xkf .f^9^* 
tainin^— 
^' l.The disordered life of Bianca MariaJ.Coun« 
tesse of Cdaunt,* in forme of her.Cc^* 
plainte^ supposed at the houre of tier |pehead- 
ing^ for procuring. the murder of Ardissino 

♦ WhetotQik^ i» hif Hf^prtomeMOy gWei ft btiaf piioitf Sbistory of 
Maria Bianca^ who feom hfiiugi *\ uumori)i{if ^med t© IfeeiPtiJdntfwa 
of Zelande^ wiek^ly and wii^lly f«l to l>e a C^iirtesao.*' «< If 
you covet mofe authorities (he adds) to approve so coipmon a lois- 
ehi^y read <ivid*« Wetamorphoscs in tatine, S^guior LodovlCus* 
mwatmtin luliod, AmttAH dt^ Qaalaia fl«adl, aaid CM jPallace of 
Pleat ore in £ngli»h.'^ ,^ , ;, .;;.:..;•: 



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•eimi^Une BttitMSfts.) 
.9p^ An InvediTe written by Roberto San Seve- 
rtno, earle of GiazzO, a^hiftt Btanca Maria, 
Connteflfte.of €elant;" (6 page^O 
. 3.<<Cre88id'i€omplairi4.'' (5 page&.) 
^ 4« <^ The Dtscoime of Ritialdo and Oitettft.'' (40 
.p«^» An intermixture of prose and verse, 
eompOsed much on the plan of Gascoign^'s 
lo?e^tiUe, entitled ibe Fable of Ferdinando 
Jerontmr.) 

Pitrt n. "' The Garden of Unthriftinesse^ wfierein 
i$ reported the dolorous Discourse of Dom Diego^ 
a Spaniard^ together with his Triumphe. Where* 
fHiarti divers other ^flowers (or fancies) of honest 

. /o^e. Being the inventions and collection of George 
WJietfone^ Gent. Formce nulla fides, 

i The diseo^rse or tale of Diego is limited to seven 
fttfftBJ Tbeh follows a series of amatory poesies, 
like tbtae in England^s Helicon, thus entitled : 

"i." The Complaint of two Lovers, restrained from, 
their wicked desires bj the displeasure of their 
friendes. 
S. The device of a Gei^tlewoman to persuade her 
Lover of her constancie, notwithstanding her 
show of hate, which she onely used to quench 
the jeloUB suspicion of her frieodesf. 

' 3. The rejected Lover, with earned desire, pur- 
sues the sight of his disdainfuU mjrstresse. 

. 4. A 0eutlewoman falsely deceived with, feire 
wordes, forswearethihereaftar to be wonnoi 
with flattering promises. 



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IS 

- 5. The phioM eoav^l«at of Mrnkm^ (bnnken of 
Jason, Hreljr bewrajring' tke alipperie hold in 
sugved wofdft. t > 

• 6. The.£9M^teDLovw|mtilMm|^tk&i9i^ 
inconstaneie, for that (ai he tbMfht) Aei 
matched wit|i hk haier in aoeoffopt, - ir herein 
eoulerablie he disGoveretil both jtbeir names. 

7. The Lovcav atiributetii his ciulslesse wound to 

chaunce, bjii loving UmgJ** ) 

The whimsical singularity, fidded to the|previt)| of 

thb piece, may render H admissibie. * 

■ '■*< 
" Long hsive 1 lost my libertie, 

Alas ! through love long have I so'; 
Long have I stoode io jeopardie. 

In loviog ?oi»^ throagh pyning woe. 
Whose cbnstaDt truth long hath been* tryde. 
Though long his suit hath been denyde*. 
By Batterie long the braseri waH 

The cannon shot doth cleaue deface ; 
The longest trees in time doe' fall 

Which long before bad Boreas bate : 
The little brooke, in running long, . , . 
Doth tume into a river stroqg* 

^ Then may it be, I loving long^ 

My pyning corps, by long delay. 
Can long abide the furie strong ' ' * 

Of ghastly death, which Itmg doth stay ' ' 
His lingering stroke, to hav^ it so, ' ' 

That loving long should worke thy w6c.''* -* 

8. <^ A Sonet, wherin is showpc; the s|n||]|nge ef- 

feetes of Love. .,,. ;, . ,. -/•; /,.;; 

9. The Lover wearied with a <^B^!>|Bir f^f ^elayes^ 



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u 

. m^ m^ tAfiiL^ik hit fi^er: wmri^ 
• ; ' : , iImt BpeQdi«j4eilj[ril|/ .bj dentb (to -wake a 
speedie (dkpatch of bialartgwilitag dajres/' 

PoMfiAdMiLofer;. ^ . . 

'By Cupi^ set on fire, 
t Throttgli iMSte w&eMof a WhMt^w cbliti ^ 

Consumes with bote desire.' 

* 'K)i <« The tfiought of wonted joyes, donMeA'tbe 

miserable man's griefe. 
11. The hap and hard fortune of a, cardesse 

Lov^r. 
IS. The absent Lover^ip pawne of his constiyicie, 

sendeth his heart po his Xiadie. 

13. I'he Lover neitbef greadj favoure4^ nor 
openly rafiui^d, CicmpMrethi bis wretchedness 
of his estate unto thcf paines of hell* 

14. G. W« to the signe. of tbe brasen Bell« 

15. The Lover blametb his Ladie's ^roistirust, 
wherein is ^figured the passions of ab earnest 

•Lover. ^ i . • ■ - ' * i' 

16. The inibrtunflte Lo'v'er' determih^th rather 
desperately to end his | sorrowes, th^ to 
proroge them with booteles^e hope. 

17. Verses of complaint devised for a well*niean« 
ing Lover, to move his.Maistiiesiie^a pitie. 

18. Thecompldnt,ofaQ?ntle^»H)mw^beiQgIwith 

chiM^fipJsfoljr&praalmi^. > .i 

19. Against one whieh wrote a slaunderous libell 
• '■ itr%sbonotir of It Lkdie. ' ' 

80. The unfortunate Lover t6 p^suaded &is mis- 
t . Impiogrowbi^defetittfe. ' ' ' * 



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as 

tie. sore t>kiB# eKpltynisf «£> W Ineon* 
. vAkittlice^ to be^ niitttn t» 4 coiniitoM carie/ 
I Imvib^ tatjmc»«ndt)r daugktefv [wka] rtfased 
Oftoifins^ofdivctM^QAitteD) a^mt behig of 
good worship ; and married her usto . aft old 
croked coffing crusty for his great wealthes 
'•sake. ' ' * 

'Hi.' The ibrsaken Lbver sheweth to whkt intent hd 
wekreth TaWnie, bewraying the bondage that 
tradtoii dsinieg bring their thralles unto. ' 
tSd The r^ected Lover detemitneth' Either to jmr* 
'^dmat bi4 Imdie's 6pee£e*reeonciIetiient, or 
eke dedpef^Ay to dic^. 
- 94. fbe Lover, being wounfded at <he Bafte, sues 
«nta his LadKi for pitti^ 
25^ The L^ver tb hi^^ Lk(fie m diihttici^i 
tS. 6er Atii^sweaf^. i.' 

'27. A description 6f JeKmsie. 
SB; T& a (li^dthtfftrl ^nie. i 
39. The Lover in praise of his Ladie. 
•*i(fe Alt Auns^ere io a' d^ntlewblhan, by love 
IcohfetfaSnedl to soe t<o hJm whom of hite she 
scorned. . ** ' ' t A 

81. The ifcoiWetiipttimrs LoVer find^b t& grttce 
< w^w^'he^faithftilfy fcitJriretb; a<*no*i*!dg^th 
his former scorne^ i^ed tp^ar^iavf^,. to>be the 
onely cause of l^ift faipfirieii. ^*. . , , ,. ^ 
32. Epilogus." A recapitulation. 



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16 

V of 4wo Hungarkmtbmm9^.tiM .foo^^fd the spoik 
- of her ChaaUUe. Wherein me ^setoermll pray sa 
,of^eerUme English Ladies and Oemihmmen; 
: ieing fhe tramshAion^ coUeetimy 4sM immtUioi% of 
'. George WheMmtSj Gt$a,. Formm nsMa fdeSy 
: pp.l2S. i 

This portion is dedicated '^ to the right honoura- 
ble and vertuoiis Ladj, Jana Sibilla Grejre*, now 
of Wilton,'' and dated from the author's lodging in 
Holborn, the 15th of Oct, 1576. To this succeed 

. h f' The Oiscoorse of Lady Barbara,'8 .vertttous 
,^,^ . behaviours* (^3 pages in Alexandrine verse.) 
S. The Complaint of the Lorde Alberto and 
, . Udissa^ the two Hungarian barons tiiat on* . 
advisedly wagered theic^ land, to wiipne the 
ladie Barbara to wantonnesse: who. having 
the foyle (besides the losse of their livtBgs) 
for their slaunderous opinions, were con- 
demned to perpetuall ejdle. (13 seven^Une 
stanzas.) - , . 

. 3^ In prais^of the Right Hon. the Ladie J. S#jGr* 
of Wil,ton. [Lady Jaoe; Sibilla Grey.] 
4. In praise of my L. E. R. 
.5. In praise of my L. Cecil of Bouirleigb* > . 
-r' 6* In {iraise of Maistresse M. H.f pow Bridges* 

' * Bcautie with brags, ofhte, 

wiPd Vertoe yeald her thrall, / > 

* Daughter of Lord Grey of Wilton, connected with the Brydfet 
|kinily> whence the name of Grey Bric^fti Ediiar. 
' f <;iu. Mary Hoptoo, who otarrfed William Brydges, aftei%rard^ 



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17 

: BmI so6tif ttle gbis to Attjr tlietr ttrife, 
a parlement did call ; 

And Fame» with thimdriag tnmpp 

was wird their siti^^cts cite ; 
By credite of Iheir thralf^ to tbew 

who was of greatest niglit. 

Beautie, againtt this dajr» 

her prowdest i hewes prepar*d ; . 

And fure a troupe of gallant gyrlet 
her seemely selfe did gard. 

Their spangels wrought a gase^ 
eche dame in feathers flauntes^ 

Their straunge attyres, theur cuts and cost^ 
foreshewd their scomefiil Taunts. 

They looked all a^kaunce, ^ 
when Beautie claymde her rights 

That loe, the gods amased were 
to see so proude a sight. 

Anon^ good Vertue comes^ 

with traine of basbfaU dames^ 
Whose modest, lookes wrought more regard, 

then Baautig's blasii^ flames. 

A silence now was diade, ' 
that they their sules might move ; 

Both ladies sue for sovereigne rule» 
and thus their titles prove ; — 

Proude Beautie vaunts on powre ; 

poor^ Vertue on desart ; 
And (by your leave) for all her bragges, 

the worst had Beautie's part. 

Her sbowas ware blemisht mncb» 
nMk smftoigand such like, 

▼01^. VI. € 



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Which kofiwoe, Bi^attlie (MiMm^Afm^ l«4e} 
into % mase did strike : 

Whe, gasing.mmrie itbottt 

^ire Brydgti^ did «t|»ie» 
Whose seemtey^fetftlire, fwne, and'siiqie; 

did m«ch deliglH bet eye ; 

And* sconiing other proofe^ 

she Bridget tMA in place. 
Who (to seft for*h her sigfhtly selfc) ^ ' 

apeard with bashful grace. — 

Qaoth Beaatie : ** See my tctyle, 

Yoo gods, howe judge aright ;'' 
** H^tfe part witli you (quoth Tertue, strai||)t) 

ay gifts adome Aiis wight : 

For Bountle fHiAei W ^boilgbti 

which Beantie £^ri:e i^%eM$ : ^ 
And pittie rules her iioble he|if^« , 

where pride in Beautie dwells.^. 

To love, and lanlwte lostp 

iiH«irBea«ili(^si0res4doe:tnriite, ^ 

She winns a cakte, y«t MeiHiship Bme, ' 

with shbwe of chaste 4i94aiii0. 

A nieane cctdteots her niinde, 

where Bethitlie is extreame; 
What botes thee then, good ifteautie ihus 

to striveagiiiitM^e^tTleaineT^ ' -' ' '\ 

* Catharine Brydges^ ^i^ttg|p(t^, i^ MdxDXipd^ 424 M^ 4^ando4, 
and wife of Will laYki' Lord Sands, .w<^ alsp cfi\e\fT^ied^ by ^atcoigne 
as the *< Fair Bridges;" See 'Percy's Rei iqiies) II. 140. 

Probably this Mrs. J^. jilii^dlaa, mm (M^f^/^iittgmt^'^ Owefi 
HoptoH, wife of William Brgr^gfe^ wl^ ^ftrVHri^jipdlW, became 
4th Lord Chandos, and died 46 filiz. JSditor. . r/ . jl . 7 



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19 

9lM Hftety shall mftce^ 

if thereto thorn tigree. 
To showe'viNi prove, by dooie of ^ve^ 

the Imt of tbee, or «••/' 

" I will (quoth Beautie) stand 

to that that Jove awards ;'^ — * ^ 
Jovt", wa;^iog wet their worthie worke^ 
* th'us both thefr toile rewards : 

Hee ruled virtue should 

be alwayes best in name : 
Yet Beautie« during Bridges* life, 

ihould sway in equal fame* 

Loe tiittsWweeat these IHiaet 

the bloudie frajrea did seaoe; 
Bot Bridges bore iike paaite twft^t 

lor aMdui^ of thia f^ace/' 

7. Thfe pratse of Mistres^ A. C« 

8. In praise of Miatresse A. H. 

9. The gaucie p6Miint*s present mto lus soiree 

reigne Mistresse. 

10. EpnoguB.*' 

l^artlV. The OrUhard of Repentance. WhereimU 
reported^ .the miseries of dke^ ike mischief es of 
^uarrelUngy and the fall of prodtgaOiie / wherein 
is discovered^ the deceits of all sortes of people/ 
wherein ie reported^ the souden endes of four9 
notable cousiners. With divers other diseourseSf 
neces^flrie far all sortes of men. The whole worke 
the invention and collection of Oeorge Whetstone^ 
Oenin Format nulla Jidcs. pp. 121. 

- 1!Mt cMdttding part is inw^lled tOL the iQght 

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so , 

WorshipAiIl Sir Thomas Cicill^Kat^ Tha cKvisioiis 
of metre which follow, are th^s «el Ibrth : ; 

1. The hone^t^mitided Hiaii's.adventiire«,. bJBXar-* 
gesse, and his tkrewiM to the world. A 
worke diecovering the subtillie^ of all sort^s 
of men. (This poem and its Ten voy, or mpral, 
extends to 119 seven-line stanzas.) 
S. G. W. Opinion of Trades (as touching 
Gaine) written to his especiall friend, Maister 

R.a 

3. R. C. Answere to G. W. Opinion bf Tradfes. 

4. A briefe Discourse of tlie Discommodities of 

Quarrelling, written at the request of his 
especiall friend And kinsemi^, Maitter Bi>- 
bert Cddden of Grajes Inn. 

5. The unhappi^ tnan contemnetli' Fortorte, and 

cleaveth to Hope; Minrdd ottte^ tt> i^ach 
good-ha^ b^ vertuous 'Ipduslrie^ io ,the de- 
spite of For^uQe. - '\ h 
^^ §. IlpW ^t(^f a fpyje the cojQcelt ofiJ^xceU^ie^is. 

7. Against Ingratitude. '. , 

8. The civill fortune of a covetous perscpi, i^d 

what profi te ariseth from the death of a churl , 
-^fl^: A Wtefe-8fecnption of beath. ' ^ * " 

VlO. in epitapiieiipon th^ death of H^hrie Gan- 
* '^ ^ trelt of Lincokiea Inne Gent, by his friend 

*-^' ^^'R^cr' ' [ '- ^ ^ '^ ^ '^ . ■'•' 

•"lli-Hbw gfbai a vice it Is, either f6r the'ver- 

'^ lu(9us or VaBiauot nian\ to accompanie hiin- 

^ - 6«ife with men of^base condition; wh^ri as 

t"- ^ ^ -(Acknowledging hiidiiti^) he^ majr ad v^nt^re 

into the companie of the best. ^ 

i.^r.^ifwt^t^ m^^Antk or A^itigjitc.^r* 

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21 

shipful Maister Robert ^¥!iigfie1d of Upton 
in the countie of Northamptoir Esquior. 
tS. An epitapfae on the de^h of the fCtght Wor* 
sbipfuU Maister John Ayleworth, Esquier. 

14. An epitaphe, in the orderofan admonttion^ 
written on the death of his verie Iriend Jdha 
Note of Graces kitie, Gent, untimelj slaine 
the 2 of November, 1575. 

15. An epttaphe on the death of his e<^eciaU 
friend Thomas Cdrnelias, Genl. sfain^ in 
theiVince of Orange Ma serrice in Holla|kL 

16. Whetstons imrective against Ditc, (a poenr of 

17 pages in short metre.) 

17. FitUe Apples of Admonition^ late growtng^on 
the Tree of good Government : bestowed on 
his especiall fHendt and companions, the 
gentlemen of Fumivahi In. 

18. A Caveat to G. W. at his going into Fravitce, 
written b^ his Iriend R. C. ' ^ 

19/ WhdtstoAs Dreame> (a poem of .8 Itages^) . 

SOL InveAlMHia of P* PiiasMM, touching his haf 

and hard fortuae, unto the wUch isanneiE^ 

-the idndri« Compbuntes of liMire ao4i4ble 

couseners, tiie inifromentes «f his grfate^ 

firboUea; •which ia the prime, of thoi# mii^ 

chjevont enterprises, with loadaine deMli 

and) vl^xation wete straungelie visit^id.. ^▲t 

the end of every the ftaM iHveoti^s,' foff tite 

. mdre pkune knowledge of them,* in the B«- 

povt&r'« Admonition in pirose, both pleaiailt 

and prQitai>le« 

P« Piasmos triunphe.: i 

HispraigaAfhispiNM* •• - <■* i - I ^^ 



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. His AimpUiflt ef \VkQt 

P. P. to his Mifihapu 
. His dij;ra8sioQ from on« tct|OQ of misierie «f to 
another. 

His description of Coiiseaers. 

His invective i(gainsihi9 toung* 

His farewell to wanton pleasure^.. 

His recantation. 
» His figrewell to FoUy. 

The Comi^iiit of one Ljros, a notable Cousenerf 
mppci^ at (^ lioure of bis d^^t^ 

Frmos* Complaint. ^ , 

Caphos' Complaint^ 

Pimos' Complaint at the houre of bis deat(i« 

I'he Beporter's conclusion, aa toucbiQ|( the re- 
port of Paulus Plasmos^ adventures; and 
Ljro8% Frenp^/ Cuphos^ and Pimos' fallen 

j^jilogus^ <^ (reciipitulatip^ the subjeets, tr^^ 
-oi^ in the last portion of the worK.">. 

. Sneb ari ihk copioug contents of m votnme wliose 
k«own rari^ haii been the ebief me^irtive towards 
^d««eriMng kio cilrcHnislanUalljr. 

Ill Ilis Epistle dedicatorf the autlior Inmestlf 
lis^irif^, that ^ this ftfst ktcreasd of b« barren brain 
/tfiay be nsedsc^ rfghdy, as to ewcoinvge'fafai here- 
aifter to beat" his head about some malt^P of more 
^»6nl^/* At tbe ddse of bis <^ TbudistOD^ for the 
TiiM/' lSd4, wbicA was intended to expose the 
^^ks andl frauds of the town^ be altera tbe follow-^ 
«iflg exaltation anA allusion «o this voIimmii :^' No 
man was ever aasanlted urith a mort dangerous 
stratageme of cosonage than rajreelf, with which 
mj life and living was baiK^ b4aet*^ l^m iodn 



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than mjfrife; nor tnie mni eviersawe more sud- 
dme TengeMiti^ inflieMd upon bis tdrenaries,. 
than I njielfe of mina ; as \we\j appeareth in the 
ende of mj l^ooke intitnied The Rocke of ^ 
gardy imprialed uMiBj jreart^patt" Faulus nasmoa, 
therefore majr be rend with an alw tat Geoi^ 
Whetstone** T. P. 

— — — — — ^^'■"—=■'■1 "t ' ii mii i iji 'I. 

Abt. CCCXJLXXXI7. Tke English Mg^ot: 
aregm4mhcrii^d€$UiUin^hiehMihttonquMs 
of lanjf. GnikMmg mim ef cmimm ^aksy 
muriker of prince$, cause of heresies j and in all 
ages spoUe of dffoine and humane blessings, xmto 
which is adioynedj Envy eonquered 6^ Vertues : 
pubUshktg the peaceable vieiaries. obt^d bjn ifke 
Quaenes moU excellent MtwH^y against,, this 
nuntaU emsnie ef puUike peaea and pmpmHie^ 
and lastly a Fortris againi Envy. BuHded upon 
ike counsels of sacred scripiure^ hnoes of sage 
fkths&phtrsy and poKidei of welt gffoemed com^ 
fMn\ tbeaksy wherein every estate may set' the 
dignklesy 0te true ojice asut' cau^ of disgrace of 
his vaeMon. A worhe safkiy and stecessarie to be 
teaihfaaeriegdadsabjeet. By Charge- Jfhetstones^ 
Gerd. Malgre. Seene and aUoxoed. At Ixmdoni 
Ptimkdby J. IfSndeiJbr G. Sdrnij and are to be 
sold' i# Ms Mhap smder Aldersgate. ldB& 4lto: 

pp. fi4a 

At theiiadc of the tftle the rojd arma are placed 
above the folfeirin^ acrostic on Q^een Elizabeth^ 

* Tkif article ii by ipiitakc ipseited bfre^.M itUloiff t9 th^ 
Poetrjr* 



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catoiy epistle, of two fAg^B* - , -.t.-j - . v : m • 

*' E nvy io vaine tboU warrcst with ouj Qu^ene, , 
1 ight of the West, which ^through the world is seene ; 
*1 ove'in his strength with her still arnieu goes, * 
K Z eale is {th<*] suord wherewith Rh'e"\voundei her foes.- 

* A buodance, peace, power, aiirf^ happy raigde 

. B laze foorth her fame : the world can not cbntayiie' 
•E Icct to fclr, ^dic mefvatte'oT tKiT fiine, "^ ^' * 

* T o stoupe at pride, that ore Emprors Aii clime. - - 
H' dp aad refiige to fermigne realmeS iti thralf, 

, A t home* abroade, eaob whcre^ her fb^ dbfrtl; ' 

, ' • • • 

R enowiie our Queene her diademe doth give, 

E lizabeth alone in peace doth live : 

* G iory of God, most blessed ^prince alive, 

I mage of grace, in whome all vertues thrire. 
N o death vpon her mcmorie may feede, ' " 

' A Pbeniariglit, but one, yet never dead/* 

^ Ap addi;e8s^ foUon^s the d€;4icatipn,^^ U^^h^ ns^t 
honpr^le the nobiUtie of t)^ flourishing realme of 
£f^lande:'| and ten Unes by R. 6. to the reader of 
this English Mjrror: )¥itb.^n.apo)4^ ^m the 
j^rinter for such fiudta in ,^he imii|r^io>i^pf thi^ bppk 
as ren^in uncorfrectei), firom.t^ aj^sei^pe of l^e 
author* ^ .1 ^ ^ . . ,' 

I formerly hfu^ . conje^tiiited t(iat thid English 
Mirroi; might jpossi^Ij be^ the aa,q(ie h^elf; wMb a 
new title, which was printed in 1584, as tjte Aljurpur 
|br Magestrates of Cyti^ :. bpt a sight jpf t^e yo* 
lum^ has rendered that, qonjecture Dpfoi|n(|ec|, It 
may rather be considered, as a brief digest of histo- 
rical records^ from the eirly monarchies to {h^ 



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perkid of Binlirtli^ to wliose r6yA protection 
k*i» reeoiitaended in the Allowing cautious 

• ** The cendures of grtve men, which are the 
substance of this work, stand in place of counsels 
hr your good sublets, and onto me as loyall as the 
truest^ the bare labour is only dew. In which 
trembling presumption, I protest before t3od and 
jNAir Majestie, that my heirt nor"bodke medlisth 
with ^natt^ of your* happie goyemment, to which 
no earthly polKcie may %e added, Neither is heavenly 
Wisdome absent: and as ftir is it from my thought, 
in name; figure, or circumstance, to misnote any 
cspitAll nmgistrate, whose honorable travels deserve 
much reverence and no lesde reg^rrd. It then foU 
ioweth, most regarded Queene, that the reach of my 
dtt^ti^, which climeth betwe^ne fike and frost, (the 
fitemises allowed) simply laboreth to publish these 
regards, that eommon filiilts inay be amended in 
imitation of ydur pretious virtues, the lights of the 
worl&, and life of England's happiness." 

The volume is divided into three parts : the so' 
coild b( these is* inscribed " to the ri^ht reverend 
lordes the bishops^ and other the devines of Eng* 
land,*' with ia *^ konnet of triumph to England," pre- 
fixed;* and the third is addressed ^^ to the right 
honorable and most grave personages^ the temporall 
magistrsKes of England.'* The titles to each may 
he gathered from the general title; whicli, being 
dilated with Whetstone's usual verbosity, might 
almost serve for a table of contents. Ab thai part 
0f the b€k>k, which relates to persons and events in 
the antiidr's time, wffl'how be thought most curious^ 



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the foUowiag«xtra£t if takw frfm.dMff frii^ Bf#k t» 
which treats '^ of the pfMeabla e«^RtM« of Qti#0ii# 
Elizabeth, unto the crowne and diadame otEnf^Jm^ 
and other, obaervanceg of GodVe^peoaU favor aii4 
merqr." 

<< Her M^eatj^ the 17 d»jF of ^aTovdm 15£^ i\m 
i^rj daj of Qtieeoe Mary, her sistera denth^ with 
the sound of a trumpet, both at ViTesloiiaeter ami 
in th^ citj of IiQodon, was prpdajone^ by tho niMiia 
of Elizabeth, qoeene of Ei^laad, Fraaet^ and Imr 
lapd, defender of the feith, &c. The new49 wbetof 
nai^d a sjiddaine joy among the pe<q^ so hiir^ 
as their loving a&ction was presratly setM hgr 
publike feastif^ banqueting, and bonefiers^ ia ijbm. 
open stref ts. The 23 of Janrnrj foUowuig^^ hft 
Miy[e;8l^ from the Tower passed through Ufi^ oity «f 
I^ondon toward her coronation, but be^iia JxV 
chariot set forwai4» her ll^I^tgr lUMher ei«i «f 
unto Heaven, and acknowledged GocVs moccio in 
thisthankes-giving: • ;, 

^' O Lord Almghb^ and evertattiag Ged^ Igivr 
thee most harty thanks Uuft thau hast, betu $^ nwttfiiU 
unto me as to spare me to ieholdthifjotfuUd^jf t ami 
I kmwledge thai tJum. hsst dealt as zaanderJUlljfmftt 
mcy as, thou didst with tl^ true and fajithJulteroafA 
pamel the prophet^ whom thou delheredst out the 
fieuy from the cruelty of the gredjf ragmg .liotm 
Even so was I ofoerwhclmedy and o$^ bff the^ 4fe- 
Bvered. To thee ther^fi^e be onfy thanhf homofy and 
prmse for ever. Amen. 

<< Her Majestjr^ bj this.tbanksgivini^ puUisbai 
jher sure confidence in God ; the eActs, tho tysim^ 
of Mr enemies; and the oon<dmio0|,a speeiail coiih 
fort to the godlj. • 

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^ TWirftiMM of Lowdom liQ «liew tbekr «eal« in 
mdcdiQt of her MajMjy wi^jiF^ Hke citie with nan/ 
fliiitflf JriiQiras, tfie moBt wb^raof tiy^ derived from 
ber proper YUtsee^ who tnw the lird^ stthetance of 
dl their paioied be wtiet. The fi^ pi^ieant timved 
the loBf desired nnitie which (God and her Maje^fbf 
be thodied) ie knit betwene im and the bolj gosp^ 
of 0ur fiarionr Ckrht The ieemtd set forth #ie 
seat of governance, whkh her Bbijeeties livet; i^r- 
tues bewtiiled more than their gorgtous devises* 
iThe lAintf (which they applied unto her Majegty) 
d^painted the eight beatitudes mentioned in the 5 of 
&* Bfalhew: and, truly. If any earthly creaturli 
deserved them, they are worthely heaped upon her 
Majesty. The ybt/f/A declared the ruinous state of 
this realme, which (an they prophesied) is by het^ 
Majesty restored to the dignity of a florlshing com* 
monweale. The ffl compared the expectation which 
her heroycall vertues promised, with the politicke 
goVernement of the worthie Debora,^' &t. 

A fhrther account of the receiving of the Queen 
at Westminster, ^tith the ceremonies of her coro- 
nation, from Strype and the Ashmole MbnuftcrTpfS) 
may be seen t6 VoL I. of the ItoyalPi^ogresses and 
Processions, published by Mr. Nichols. ' T. Pi 

Abt. OCCCJLXXXY. The wight txceiku and fa. 
mom Hti kf fjfe o/ P v ^ m B s and Ca^simdm : dcmdgt 
tnie l2*o ocmmieM dUe&m^et. 1» lAe jitfttUfmrtt 
is sJunme tie unsuferable abuse of a lewde Magis* 
traie : the vertuous bthaoumrs of a chaste Ladj/e : 
He mH^onirowled hawdness 0/ a^/avQured Curti^a^ • 



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and Ihe unSe^trHitt esibination oj a pSrnrci(his 
Pmoisytt. In tfit setorid parte H diicdUriM^ ihe 
perfect magnammitjfe of a nobk Kingtj in efi^tkfng 
vice and favouringe 'dertue t wherein is shoxtme^ ffm 
ruyne and &otiihroWe of dishonest practises; ttilh 
the advauncement of upright dealing, Theworke 
of George Wlietstorte^ C^ent. Famm nuttafdes. 

* Colophon. Intprinted at London by flichard 

■ Jhonesy Aug. 20, 1678. ito. 

This dramatic hietory seems to have .been t]|^e> 
earliest of Whetstone's publications. Ij) tiie copjr^ 
whence the alcove tjt^e is talf^n, it is spokea of bj* 
tha printer as having appeared before, and Was 
left in his hands (according to the authpr's dediqa* 
tion to his kinsman, Wm. Fleetwopde, £sq. Recordei; 
. of IiOndon)>,when Wbetstope resolved to accompany 
the adventurous captain, Sir Humfreji Gilbert^ in a 
liaval expedition,, and dispersed his writings.among 
his learned friends, f9r itheir revision. The pla^^ has 
b^en reprinted in the dramatic selections otpods^jj 
and Nichols; and is only noticed here as the egd^t 
publication . of Wbetston^e, respectiug w|iom tb^ 
following particularf w^re mostly drawn togptber 
by ^e^ late intelligent Mr. Reed, t whose loss to 
English literatiMre and to those who studied in the 
same tract wHl hot soon be repaired. ' *" 

Of Grdorge Whetstone very little is lUibwn.' From 
l^eing kinsnian to ihe recorder of Loodon, it is pre- 
fiimed ibsii he was of a n^putable fi^mily- Froi» bis 

* -Biogi Dram. I. 468. Respecting which work such preparation^ 
had been made by Mr. Reed for a riew edition, that he computed 
Hi entent would reach to four octaTO Toloims. * * 



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j^wn^Fod^ it^is 4«w*ther suf^oie^ tinit In first tno^ 
Us iortuqe aA courts ,wJ)erii»\ he coD^amed hUpaIri* 
mopy ia;friiitlea9 ejiipaptatic^. .of preferment* He 
||ierefore» lijke Cburcbyayd- and Gascoignei com- 
menced soldier and served abroad; tbougb in what 
capjacity is no( told. Hufk however uras his gallant 
beb«^yk>ur^ tiiB^ he .. whs #'ewarded with additiopal 
ff^y : but be retuif^d home with more reputafioa 
than fortune^ and hi^prospeqts of advancement were 
30 unpi'omisingy thiit l^e deijtermii^ to convert bis 
sword into a ploii^gbsbare* Ye^ bare provipg un- 
suoceesful^ Uke manjr naedjf gfinllemep who become 
speculating iarmersi he was compelled to resoK to 
the genea^sit J of hi^ fiiends. This - having proved 
to be a br^en reed^ ^be had recourse^*^ the nfivy 
-for support, and eini]Birhe4 on a^.^xpedilllo^ to 
Newfoundland, which was rendered abortive by an 
accideMM reeon^re with a Span! A fleet. Frohi this 
period he is thooght to havb deperilied ^poh his pen 
for jubsislence ; and,' if we' may j'iidge flrbm, the tne^ 
dioerHy of taletit sb«^rt'4n his wtftings; this must 
hawm been a- Vety pllrebarious 8u{)port. ' Tet Webbe 
sp<Ae of him, 4n 1586, as a riian sftigularly well 
fitted ik t|e faenltjr of pAetry ; and Meres placed 
hiif^ in his little lialeiidar of contemporary author- 
jUp, beuireeii the names of Shaksp^re and Gas- 
cbigne, as oneof the'^dst passfbnate po^tis of that 
nge, to bewail and bemoan Ae pdrjtlexitles df love. 
*Th^«pkrtial pane^yi^^ r^oHii^ perhaps from 
'pbrsdflal-ac^uakflaiii[^j rcteft* to some amatory trifles 
4B'his H^pMsieiOo and Garden of UntbtiftinesS) 
mhtA in trbtii aie liltfe deserving of snch praise. -^ 

: ^ - -• . • T.'P. 



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Jkw. OCOtlliXXXVIi A Mkour fat Mag^ 
Hrates cf Cyties. Represeniirig the ordinance$^ 
jpolitiesj and diUgenee of the noble Empetour 
jHetander, sumanud Severus: to suppresse and 
dhastise the notoriaui vices nourished in Rome^ hy 
the superfluous nombet of didng'hMieSy tdverns'y 
nmd common stewes ; Suffred and dheerished hy 

' lAs htojiitye predecessor ffelydgabalus : mlh 
tundrie grave ottttbmsy by the sc&S noble emperor^ 
concerning refarmatioh. Jnd herrunto is added^ a 

' ' Tombstone for ihe time : containyng many perils 

' tbus misdieifesj bred in ihe bowels of Hie citie of 
liondon^ hy the infrction of some of thease saAc^ 
tuaries of Iniquitie. By George Whetstones^ 
Oent. Tirtute non vi. Printed at JLondon^ hy 
Wcharde Jcmes. 1584. ttto. 

Tmz second pmij orndditiaii, is ths ikiteraitsfig 
jMNTtioD of this booky and ieemf to hsLwe hem de^ 
jNgnedi likf Mr. €olqiilKHii|*s disquisitMit on iht 
jpolice, to expose tjbe friwdi| iwapomtmmy end ▼ices^ 
vbii^ diigraced oar Eng)^ BietropolJ84 Tbevot^ 
■8 insoribed to ^^ Sir Edward O^fanme^ Kot lliee 
Lord Majoit, and to the Alderpra, Cil^-ReMrdeiy 
.&€.'' AiiA4dre8sfidl6iir%<VtotlieY0aiigGewae^ 
jneii of the tun oi Courts'' for wfaeM fcw^fit the 
author pro^wes to have chief jr undeKaken U» 
CQinpoiitiofi of thie treaty % then ho«f evei^ or 
fby the i^ddic at laqgi^ he hgovU eee«i tohave been 
.jUMJe regarded; for ii| ino jreate aftenir«rdt he 
^efi«ed a npw dedica^oii to WeolitMe DixiOi thra 
Lord Major, aqd thvf dm^riip » aeMMl tiUe ti Ihe 
eenne impresBion of the book : 



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The Enemk to Uniht^nesiei FuhH$tdf(g by latbes^ 
4ocmnmh^ wni UseipUmf^ n right rult for re- 
formation ofpride, and other prodHgdl and riotous 
disorders in m e&minofM0etdth. Fhr the wortlUnes 
^fdhreoHMSy a perfect Mhourfor alt Magistrates : 
especial^ of Cities : Wid for sound comtseb and 
admonitionsy a Card or Compose^ for every yong 
gentkm»nyhonoftikUe and prt^abUe to gon^ne his 
action*. Pariilydrawne^outof the sage government 
of the most zoorthie Emperor Alexander Severus, 
mdgeneriKye discoveringe the unsufferabte abuses 
ftot0 raig9^m in dur tuippte BngHfh common* 
wealth. By George Whetstone^ Gent. Malgre 
de fortunes. Printed at Ijondon btf Rd. Jones* 
1586. ito. 

On the bttck of this titte, wbicb, with tbe de- 
dication, are tbe only visible variations^ tbe^e 
appears tbe foUowiof carious notice of Wbetstone's 



'' Tbe iVifiter to tbe Reader. 

^ To thm isMoky tbat the variable buroofs of men, 
(vfaieb cbM^btai miidb in cbayng^ as they differ in 
^piiiiOB) naf be satiidfed with the taritie of M. 
WheMooV ttmri&as and writinge ? I bair« therelbre 
put (baft) tboi^ it mubm to set 4ewiie the se- 
Mndi iy«lei 4if his aefwall woAes mkedy printad 
aai eompiled^ vi& 

1. Tbe Enemy to Unihifftfaiesse. 
^ Xbefto^sbe^fA^giu^te. 
4».3^{iho«Ueieptitetiiii«ad viorall vsKtnes of 
aSouldien ^" "^ 



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4. The Heptamoron of Cjrvill Discourses. 

5. The trs^icall Comedie of Promos and Cas- 
sandra. 

6. The Ijrfe and death of M. G. Gascoyne.* 

7. The Ijfe and death of the great and hoifble 

Miyestrat Sir Nycholas Bacon, late Lr 
Keeper. 

8. The lyfe and death of the good L. Dyer. 

9. The lyfe. and death of the noble Earle of 

Sussex. 

10. A Mirrour of troe honor* shewing the Ijfe, 
death, apd vertues of Frauncis, Earle of 
Bedforde.f ... 

Books redy to be prmted. 

11. A panoplie of Devices. 

12. The English Mirour. 

13. The Image of Cfaristidn Jastice.*" 

t: P. 

cnaBgsa8Ba==S5Bggii , gggsggaattaariBe^ 

Abt. CCCCLXXXVIL An Heptdmeron ofcmU 
disamrses^ Omiainwgy the Christwuuse Exerdse 
cf sunirie weU courted, gentlemen and genth'^ 
women: in whose b^avUmrs the bcftar sort ma§ 

. see a representation of their onm vertuee y* Md the 
inferiourma^ leame sudkauks of dvil govenmenii 
as will fiose out the, blemish of their baseneseet 
Wherin is renowned, the vertuet of a most ko^ 

f This ocean in the yaluftUe Iftmy df Mr. ikinAXtff, *tltom 
vbose capf tbe ^e has girea «bl««Ui ia Rillga^3ibidfraj^ 
Peetica. > > ■• ^. u 



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as 

mtifahle^ftdbriivemymkfiginthoH&t. Jndherem 
abo (as ii were in amirrour) the unmariedmay 
fee the dejrctes wkiche eelipie the glorie of manage ; 
tmd^wel mariedy as in a table ofhousholdc lawesj 
ntay cull out medfuU preceptes to establish their 
f^od fortune. A worke intercoursed zeith civyll 
pleasure^ to reaoe tediousnesse from the reader ; 
and garnished nath morall noaiesy to make it pro^ 
JUaUe to the regardtr. The reportc of George 
Whetstone^ Gent. Formce nulla fides. At Lon* 
don: Printed by Richard Jonesj at the signe of 
the Rose mtd'the Crowne^ neare Holbume bridge^ 
3 Feb. 1569. 4to. 

On the back of the title " Ad Mecaenatem, in 
laudera Aucthoris ; carmen heroicum :" signed 
Joan. Botrevcus. Next, a dedication ^^ To th6 
Right Hon. Sir Christopher Hatton, Knt. Captaine 
of the Queene^s Majesties garde, viz. Chaniberlaine 
to her Highnesse/' &c. Then, a preface <^ unto the 
friendly reader." After which 2« lines by T. W. 
Esq. [f. Tho. Watson] in commendation of the 
author, and his needful book : and eight four line 
stanzas entitled ^^ Verses trsfnslated out of Latine^ 
and delivered by Uranie, with a silver pen, to 
Ismarito, in a device contayned in the seventh 
daies exercise: placed in this fore front, for the 
excellencie of Pandora." 

Thb book, which was in the possession of Ames, 
had not been seen by Herbert; nor had a perfect 
copy, if any, been inspected by Mr. Wartoii ; since 
be has cited an entry from the Stationers' books, 
which .agrees with the printed title, without know- 
ing that it referred to Whetstone^s Heptamer- 

yoL. TI. D 



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i 
H 



u 

oh. * WheUtone^ it s^ms^ wm little aiore tfaaHa 
transkitor: h% derived bis original from anItaKan, 
whom be calls Segnior Pfailoxenus, and whon'he 
tbus tovetlj namefii, lest in giving him bis trtae titles 
in fiqgland) he sfaonld make a passage for enty to 
k^ure him iii Italy. Giraldi Cinthio appears to have 
been the eutcre incegitko: from one of whose no- 
in\n^f as here unskilftilly eonveyed, Whetstone 
difew the plot of his Promos and Cafisandra^ iind 
Shakspeare of his Measure ftr Measare. The latter 
lit least wtts the opihidn of Dr. Farmer: % and this 
ba^ stamped a valve opiHi tile book, which its own 
merits could not have secured. For a specimen the 
following speech may suffice; as offered by Cas- 
sandra to Lord Promos, in behalf of her brother 
Andrugio* Whetstone in his play retained those 
appellations, but in the drama of our matchless 
bard, it will be recollected that the same personages 
arc; called Isabella, Angelo, and Claudio. 

^^ The wofull Cassandra, with more teares than 
wordes, thus pleaded for her brother^s lyfe t — * Most 
noble lorde and worthy judge, voutchsafe mee the 
favour to speake, who^e case is^o desperate, as un- 
I l^sse you beholde mee with the eyes of mercie,. the 
.fi*ayle trespfisse of condemned Andrugio, my brother 
will be the death of ^rrowfuU Cassandra, his inno- 
cent sister, t wil not presume to excuse bis offence 
OJC reproche the law- of rigor: for in th^ genera 
, construction bee hath done most evil, and the .lav 
hath judged but what is right. But, reverent judg< , 
(pardon that necessitie maketh mee here tel that 

♦ Bee Hiit of E. P; III. f Ife<m4. VlVf. ^opp^ 

1 S)se Kcei*$ Sh^kcp. YL 184. 



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99 

jbwt m^imwm dlrebdjr ksviriAb) the oMtt MTaraigiif 
jitBtioe is cpowiled with lasrell) altbougb ahee be* 
fyrt with a sword : and this priveledge hee giwih 
' unto her administrators, that thejr shall mitigate the 
severitie of the law, according to the qiiallyty of tbi 
oflfeiite. Then, that justice bee not robbed of her 
g^ratious pitty,* listen goode Lorde Promosy to ih$ 
nature of mj brother's offeice, and his able jme^om 
to repayre the injuria. Hee hatli defyladno imptiatt 
bed. ; the stajne whereof dishonoureAf the giqrltless* 
fausband : hee hath committed no violent rape ; iM 
which act the injuried majde can have bo amends,! 
but with jeelding consent of his mistresse, Andrngio 
hath onlje sinned through love, and never ment 
but with marriage to make amendes. I humbly 
beseeche you to accept his satisbction, and by this 
example, you shall be as much beloved f6r your 
demencye, as feiired for your severitie. Andrugio 
shal be well warned, and hee, with his sister, woftiU 
Cassandra, shall ever remain your Lordshipe's true 
•ervantes/' 

Among the devices for a masque^ a pausical bevy 
df attendants, thus fantastically habited, proeted 
from the tiring-room. ^^ The musitians in Gyppons 
and Venetians, of russet and blacke taffala, binded 
with murry ; and thereon embroadered this pom^-* 
sperOy iimeoy taceo; expressing thereby, the snndrye 
passions of iove : and before them two torch beaversi 
apparelled in y^llowe taffata qaree^iet. The general! 
apparell of the maskers was short Millaiiie doaksi 
duUetand hose of grene satten, bdrdered with sil- 
ver ; greene silcke stockes, wUto scarpinea, rapters, 
and dagjg^^ silvered, blaeke velv^ ^H?^ ^^^ 
92 



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S6 

white feathers. They agreed to be tbii§ attyred^ t# 
fehewe themselves free in the eye of th« world, and 
torertly bound uAto their mistresses. 

^ Soranso [one of the gentlemen gallants] lighted * 
by a page in orange tawny, watcbod and greene, 
next presented him selfe, who upon his left side 
had a harte of crymson Granado silke, so artificially 
tnade and fastened to his dublet, as if his body had 
opened and his hart appeered, which fell dowlie at 
his mislresse feete, upon such a fortune, as she was 
bounde to take it up; which opened, she might 
beholde the picture of her selfe, reading this sub* 
mission : 

, ** Even as the hart^ a deadly wounde that hath, 
R<etires him selfe with sigbs to solace greefe ;. 
Aad with warme teares his gored sides doth bath ; , 
. But finding none to render small releefe; 
Impatient beast, he gives a heavy bray. 
And hasts the death that many woulde delay. 

.1 
So I, whose love beyond my hap doth mount. 

Whose thoughts, as thornes, yet prick me with desire^ 
Whose sute and zeale returns with no icc'ompt, 

Whosfe hope is drye, set in a harte of fyre ; 
Holde 'this for ease foorthwith to spoyle the eye. 
That lookt^ and lov'de, then in despaire to dye, 

' A happy doome, if it for law might stande ; 

^ But men condem'd^ themselves may not dispatch \ ■ 

: Their lyves and deathes are in their soveraigne's hand^ 

.So myne in her's, whose iookes did me attaehe : 
, And therefore I, to pardon or to kyll, 
L M^t ycaW my seJfe the prysonor of her wyll. . - 



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S7 



UEwooy. 

^* Then, ladie faire« receive what longes to thee, 
A fettfed ibraile attyred with di<tgracey 

And at thy feete his wouoded hart here,see« 
And in the same the image of thy face ? 

Whiche bleeding fresh, with throbs throwes foorth hb 
mone, 

Rueth, rueth, dear dame, for that I am your owne.'^ 

Whetatone^s Heptameron *was republished in 
1593, uiMler the title of " Aurelia," * a leading cha- 
racter in this lo¥e-fictibn, who was chosen ^^ Queen 
of the Christmas pleasures,'* and acted ms mistreas of 
the revels. 

For Berkenhoufs Biographia Literaria, an ac- 
founi of Whetstone was collected from the MSS of 
Oldys^ and communicated by Mr«- Steevens, who 
gave it as hb opinion^ that George Wlietstone was 
^^ the most quaint and contemptible writer, both in 
prose and verse, be ever met with," T, P. 

AftT. CCCCLXXXVI IL A retnembraunce of the 
wel-imploj/td Life and godly end of George Gas* 
koigne Esquire^ who deceased at Stalmford in 
Lincolneshire^ the 1th of October^ 1577: the re* 
porte of Geor, Whetstone^ ' Gent, an eye witnes 
of , his godly and charitable end in this world. 
Famas nulla fides. Imprinted ai Zjondon for Ed* 
ward Aggas^ dwelling in PauPs Churchyard^ and 
are there to be solde. ito. 

* Dr. Fanner, in a MS. note before Mf copy, added the following 
fecond title: ** Paragon of Pleasare and Princely Delight*.^ 



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SB 

This Interesting memorisl of two contemporary 
poets, appears to have been in the hand of Bishop 
Tanner, by whom it is slij^htly raenlioned in his 
Bibliotheca, (art. Geo. Gascoign.) But no extant 
copj bad been traced by modern collectors : and the 
tract was supposed to have perished. Recently, 
however, in the curious library of Mr. Voigt, a copy ' 
made its appearance, and has been pdded to what it 
most suitably appertained, the very choice poetical 
collection of Mr. Malone. A sight of the tract has 
served to ascertain, what Tanner left dbubtful,^ 
that Gascoigne the poet^ was the' person com-^ 
memoraAed; and that he was the author of the book 
of Hunting, commonly ascribed to Turbervile. 

T.P. 



mam 



Art. CCCCI4XXXJX. A Dt/all of da^ly Con- 
iemplacion, or (ievine Exercise of the Mind: 
instructing vs to Hue vnto Gody and t0 dye unto the 
World. First colected and published in Latin^ ai 
- the request of a godUf Bishop^ and Reuerent ¥a* 
, iheTyBichard^ some time Bt/shop ofj^irham^ t and 
horde Priuie scale: now nevol^ translated into 
Mnglisbe^ty JRichard Robinson^ Citizen of Lpndpn* 
Scene and allowed. Maltt.ii. Estate, ^c. Anno 
1578. 

(At thp end,) 

Here endeth this voorke of Contenvptadon ; f^rst 

» The wordt of Tanner are ^ Vita as nottn an fifiut Georgr»« 
Gascoignii descripta est per Geo. Whetstone." 

f Riclterd Fox, Bishop of Durham, UO^— i^9» vhef ht wm 
iranslat^4 to Win^h^ter. . 



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pfirtted in Latine at Westmingter^ ike yeere ^faur 
Lord God, 1499 £ and nowenevoly EngUshcd and 
printed at London, by Hugh Singleton, dwelling 
4n Creede Lane, at Hie sygne of the gylden Tunne, 
nearevnta Ludgate. Anno 1678- 

Tflig work appears to have been published by 
the si^me author as the next article. It contains 
about 240 pag^es, foolscap octavo, and cen^^imts of a 
collection of prayers, religious sentences, proverbp, 
and sacred poetiy, apparently mtngled in the most 
promiscuous maAner, and then appoHioned to the 
several days iti the week, which are all similarly 
introduced. 

*^ The amcthor's commemoration for Munday. 

** BehoM this worldly wretcbedoessjB 
Of euils which euer us possesse/' 

^< The translator's ^gfplication* 

** Pvak when Thalmiglity prouidence, dyd heaaen and 

earth create. 
An uaiversall darfcnesse dyd them bath obtenebrate i 
Then likte the Lorde to make a light» deuided f^om 

darkoetie, » 

Hie darkoesse should night signifie, the light shoeld 

day expressed • 

** This day therefore darkness mundane 
^ Esohewe, and yvaike in light, oh mai^'' 

Then follow prose extracts from Romans vi. 15. 
Bernard, Hu^, and Proverbs. 

<' This volume breefe of sclender quanlitk. 
Called, of Sinners the ContentpUtion, 



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40 

Ac«ordeth well for eache state and degree* '«^ 

Guiding, by grace and due direction. 
Our 90ule to sease in sure saluation ; 
Therefore, this tytle profoundly knoivyng. 
Which of thy conscience may cause correction. 
In hart emprint, with matter folowyng." 

Sentences in prose follow, with other eighi-line 
pieces of poetry alternately, without tkle^or other 
division , than a printer's line. The. proportion of 
poetry is, to Monday about SOO lines, Tues* 160, 
Wed. 80, Tbur. 136, Fri. 120, Sat. 112, and Sunday 
72 ; yet the book is not noticed in Ritson's Biblio^ 
graphia. J. H# 



=f= 



Art. CCCCXC. The Rewards of /PFiqkednessCy 
discoursing the sundrt/e monstrous abuses pf wicked 
and ungodh/ Worldelings : in such sort set downe 
and written^ as the sarjte haoe been drfcersely 

, practised in the persqnes of Popes ^ HarhtSy pfoude 
Princes^ Tyrauntes^ Romish Bj/shoppesj and 
others. With alvoely description of their seoerall 
falles destruction. Verye profitable for all sorte of 
estates to reade and looke upon. Newly compiled 

^^by Richlard Robinson^ seroaunt in householdeto 
the right honorable Earle of Shrewsbury. A dreame 
most pidfuly and to be dreaded. 

** Of thinges that be straunge 
. 1 .. ,.,Who;lovcAhto:r«e/Je,, 

In this booke let him iqiu|^| .; . . ! 

His fancie to feede." 

Impr. in Paule.s, Churchy arfi py Will. Williamson. 
Ato. no date. 



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41 

BiBL. P^ARSOKt ANA i^vesrthe name of the prin- 
ter as above : but the copy I have seedy has it not 
The author's address to the reader is dated from 
"Sheffield castle, 19 Maie 1574 f and he appears 
from -his own report to have been one of thfe do- 
mestic centinels employed by Lord Shrewsbury to 
watch over Mary Queen of Scots. His performance 
ifr written in very humble imitation of the metrical 
legends which compose the Mirror for Magfetrates: 
and he has sul^oined a tributary farrago to several 
poets, entitled his " Return from Pluto's Kingdbme 
to noble Helicon; the place of infinite joye/' 
. The following lines, in hyperbolic praise of Iha 
author, were prefixed by Richard Smith, clerL 

; " A diamond for daiotie dames ; , 

for peeres a precious pearie ; 
This Robinson the rubi red, , , 

a jewel! for, an earle : , 

Such pearie cannot be bought^ I knowe, , | 

for all the gold in Cheape : , 
The graces heare have pow'rd their giftes 

Togeather on an heape. 
Such gifltes can not bee graft, no doobt^ 

without some power divine^ 
Suche cunning hyd in one man's head^ 

'^sRohikson in thine. 
If I might vewe thy pleasaunt poemes i 

and sonettes that excdl, 
T%eil fliboulde I tM thirst for the floodet 

of Aganippe's well. 
Thou profered praise at Olimpias, ' 

and gotte the cbiefest game. 
And through the sdhoole of eitnoing skill 

hast scalde the house of Fame. - 



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42 

[But] wbf^t ^ei^f ft. water lo hn hfoyght^ 

to powr/e juto tb^ seaf , 
pr why do I with pepoe contend 

about this Rohin-s praise/' 

The contents ore as follow : 

L Helen tormented for her treason to her BWt 

band, ftc. 
iPrPope Alexander the Sixt rewarded^ ibr hi| 

odious life, &:c. 

3. Yo^ng Tarquin rewarded for his wicliednesae4 

4. Th9 rewards of Medea for her wicked actes^ 

Sic' 
fi. The wordos of tormented Tantalus, 

6. Tb0 rewarde of Vitronius Turinus. 

7. The woful complaint of Heliogabalus. 

8. The two judges for slandering Susanna, &ۥ 

9. Pope Jhoan rewarded for his wickednesse. 

10. Newes between the Pope add Pluto. 

11. The torment of Tyranny in Kingf Midas. 

12. The reward of Rosamond for murdering her 
husband Aibonius. 

Then follows the Author's Return from i^luto's 
Kingdom to Helicon, " ^ dre^m." 

The following short specimen from Pope Alex- 
ander's life, &c, wiUdonWefs be deemed quan.suff. 
^M^any we beheldc with offeiringesi^d objijtioils. 

That approehcd nighe, for haatc they headlong came :. 
Frier Rushe • bare the crosse, clarke of the sessions ; 

A member of thek churcbe, the pope's owne n^a. 

* The history of Friar Rush is spoken of in Lancham's letter 
fWND Kenilwortb, 1575, reprinted in Q. EliaabetVs Progresses j and 
occurs in the Bridgewater Mbrary, though It bad nevet been met 
with by Mr. Ritson,«ho»egafdeditM*4e»4er»tJifttin.antiq«anan 

bibliography. j 



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4» 

rTlboufawls tfOM kiiip knap, pnUeriag on W«det» 

Friars, monks, and nunnies, came after wUh ha&le. 
As Towed pilgrimes canus wives, widowes, and maides. 
Of the holyc pope*s workes, tlie fraites for to taste.** 

Robinson seems to (lave been the speculative or 
actual publisher of other performances. See Hit- 
8on*s Bibliographia Poetica, 313. 

T.P, 

Abt. CCCCXCI. This is the Mj/rrour or Glass of 
^ JffeaUbe: necessarj/ (mdnedeftiUfof 09€rypenam 
tp loke ifiy thai will kepe iheyr bodye from the 
sj/cknes^ of tl^e p^stj/lence. And it sheweth howe 
the plqneties do reygnt in every houre of tfie day 
and night : with the natures and expositions of the 
ppii sj/gnes: detyded hy the xii manethes of the 
ytflrcy qnd shewed the nmedyes for dyvers iftfjfr* 
my ties and diseases that hurtethe the bodye of mem. 
Colophon. Imprinted at London in Fleete streei^ 
benethe the Cqnduitey 8fc. by Thomas Colvoel l2mo. 
sine anno. 

The prologue of the ^ aucjtour'' (Tho. Mou tTpN) 
declares^ that this book profitetb greatly tp siirgcHf ns^ 
and also to physicians. It aeeipa rather calculated 
to profit designing empirics and superstitious pa- 
liehts, who look to planetary influence, miraculous 
medicaments, or magical amulets, for the cure of 
disease. Two short recipes will suffice as spe* 
cimens. 

<^ For biting of a mad dog. 
^^ Take the S(e4e pf box, and #tanipp it, ^nfl tem« 



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44 

per it with holye* water, and gyve it hjm to 
drjnke," &c. 

'' For the fall t/ng evilL 

^^ Take the bloud of hjs Ijtle fyngre that is sick, 
and write these iii verses folowing, and hange them 
about his necke. 

*^ Jasper fert mirram, thus, melychia^ Baltazaruin, 
Haec quicunque secum portat, tria Domina regum, 
Solvitur a morbo, Domini pietate caduce." 

r.f. 

Art. CCCCXCIL Dyets Dry Dinner: consisting 
of eight seueral courses. 1. FruHes. 2. Hearbes. 
3. Flesh. ' 4. Fish. 5. Whitmeats, , 6- Spice. 
7. Sauce. 8. Tobacco. , All serued in after the 
order of time vniuersalL By ^ Henry Buttesy 
Maister of Artes^ and Fellowe of C. C. C. in C. 

Qui miscuit vtile dulci. 
. Cicero. 
Non nobis solum nati sumus, sed 
Ortus nostri sibi vendicant. 

' Printed in London hy Tho. Creede^ for William 
* Wood, and are to be sdldat the West end of Po^lcsy 
atthesigneofTyme. 1599. Small Sdo. 

Hbebeiit describes this work, p. 1383; anj 
Wood, in "an odd story that hangs, at the tail,'.' 
gives an account of the death of the author,* whp 
was vice-chancellor at Cambridge. Ath. Ox. 1. 559. 

Ip the epistle dedicatory he says " I have not 
onely bene votary to Aesculapius, Phisicke's great 

* There is a print of him in Harding's Biogr* Mirror. 



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grandfather, hpt servant also to Dyet^ HealthV 
kindest nourse." In the epistle he profesi^es him* 
self ^^ a ?erie prevaricatour of this ageV fimhion : 
and do follow the order of oniversall time, by con* 
•eqoence and succession. FruHes. Thus much all 
we know, our grand parents at fir^ fed on the 
fruites of Eden; and some roerrilj say, Adam 
robbed God's orcbyard. Hearbes. . After their ez« 
ileraent, they fell to hearbes and I'ootes, and (as 
secular story witnesseth) we lived a long time (like 
bogges) with mast or acornes, &;c/^ 

By extractinjg the first two pages of the work there 
will be a sufficient specimen of the author's manner 
and humour. 

^< Cioise. White,' best; red, second; faladc^ 
basest; ftiU ripe,- tender>dunned. 

Use. Nourish vety well, and much* more then 
ether fruits: take away the stone in thereines; re- 
sist venims; quench'thirst; cleanse the breast. 

Hwri. Immoderately used, engender flalive 
ktrndra- and crudities, therfore greatly annoy suek 
as ajhre tabjeet tto the i^oHfcque. 
- Preparatidnandtorreclioit: MundifiMandparedJ 
then eaten with dreliges, pomgrafnats, tafrt meates^ 
or eondlte with vinegar. 

Degree. Hot in the fifst degree, moist in thf 
seoi^d^ ' 

Season. Age. Constitution. Alway in seasM^ 
diieiy in autumne ; convenient for all ages and ton- 
ititotieBs ; kast for old folkes.'' * ^ >:o 



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41 



'^ ttcus. Start/ for Table- Talke. AJoveprindpiunh 

^^ Some good seholafitiquediime* thinke Ih^e fruhe 
fbrjbidden to bd bitlen, wds Dot an apple but a Sgge \ 
AeD sorely flf our DrBt parents wilfully diseovered 
tiieir ambitious minds by eating of the frute ; sw 
very tvitlesly tbougbt and sought they td clever thetf 
sham^ with |in apren of the leaves { this wds (as the 
Latitie proverbe speafces) Jiculneum mixiUMm^ ft 
ig'sworthof belpi therfore whensoever we &Uio 
figges, we have doctfsion to Femenber our fill froni 
God: This plant, in it selfe very hitter^ yeeldeth 
passing sweete firuite; transfusing indeed all hi» 
sweet juyce into his frute, leaveth it scAfe eicbautl 
of sweetnesse, and so by consequence bitter.'' 

Our caterer, after serving up his several dishes of 
fpvnif sei^ves up <^ the paiiiter's proverbey ^natiUm 
de tabula: thatisj (as present oecastdn iiiterpreleth) 
no more table^talke. — I am pvrpoied to proceed in 
..my perpetual! parallell of i^raplurase. The #hicll'l 
d^re it may be served ift amotigst the rest of the 
disked and be tasted also ; but yet of sach onefy as 
are of eager appetite. If any be destrMis to lauM 
what a man may call it ; surely I can thiiike ^ no 
filter name than aii hasty pucUiilg. For I pr6lest 
m so great haste I composed it^ that when a frieiid 
of mine came into my chamber, tod sUddeidy sur* 
poising me,' asked Ivbat I Was making^ I, as not 
minding what he a»Vt, or what { answerd^ tolde 
fimin mjr hasl«, that I made hdtte:' 

The f rsl h^b is sage : and << the helosoinMeiBie 
0fsage*al9isnotori6ti8lyfiitiioiiBv Hey Wood's i 



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♦7 

irit noted two kindes of sage, not named in our 
becbals : sage wise : sage foole.** 
, ^^ In the service of flesh is the red de^r, Cervui; 
a most simple and . ionocwt animalii howsoevei 
nature in a mockery hath armed it most magnificeoi* 
ly • It is the very emblem of a gull girded to a sword, 
being as buHlesw as tW hart is/* 

Offish ^^ Atheneeaa sayeth, be himselib sawe in 
Arethnsa of Eubtfa, eeks with silter. and golden 
earrings, so tame tbat they w«fuld eate meate out of 
one's bandik The Isle of Ely, may be oalled the 
isle of eele^ fir Ibe abandaace of eelet whidi it 
veeldeth." 

The whitemeats are milk, batter, cream, etirds 
and cheese. ^ The Flemmtng, or Hollander, is 
thought to live so long as hee doth, onely for his 
excessive eating of butter :'' while ^^ they that have 
best leysure and love cheese best, I would wish 
them to write an apologie in defense of the common 
dislike thereof, why so many love it not/' 

From Spice^ *' Isidorus telleth a mad tal% of 
pepper; that it groweth in certaine woods on the 
south side of Caucase mount, which woods are full 
of serpents ; therefore the inbabitantes of those 
partes set the woodes on fire to scarre away the 
serpentes, and so the pepper comes to be blacked' 

As sauce, there is sak^ vinegar, mustard, and 
green sauce, ^^ described by the Italian fireitagio/' — 
^^ There is salt of diverse colours. In .^^pt it is 
red, in Sicilia purple; ia Patbmos it is mostiuight 
and splendent; in Cappadqicia it. is of a 8aAt>n 
colour. The divel loves no salt with his n^eat, saith 
Podinus." ' * ' 



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*' One of the tn^st curious artidfed in tliid li(tIo 
work, is the author's attack on tobacco ; by which 
it appears that smoking was k prevdiUng fashion at 
that peridd, iamoiig the frequenters of the play- 
houses. 

^^ A salirkall epigram upon the wanton <$r^4 excessive 
use of Tobacco. . 

" It chauncM me gaeing at the Tlitater/ 
To spk a JiiO^^-Tabttcco^Chevalier, . 
Clov^diog.t&e loathiQg ayr with foggie fuoie 
Of />^£<iTdi>acco; frieadly foe to rume. 
I wisht the Roman lawes severity : 
W^ smokt sellet^^ tcith smoke be done to dy.f 
B^JQg well nigfi smoutdred with this smokie stir, . 
I gfn this wize bfspea^ iQy jgallimt sir: 
' Certes, me thinketh (sir) it ill beseemes. 
Thus here to vapour oat these reeking steams : ^ 

Like or to Maroe's steed^s, whose nostrils flam'd ; ^ 
Or Plinie's nosemen (mouthless men) surnam'd. 
Whose breathing nose supply'd mpuths absency/ 
He mp regreets with this profane reply : 
* Nay, I resemble (sit) lehovah dread. 
From out whose nosthrils a smoake issued : 
Or the mid ayr's congealed region, 

~ Whose stomach, with crude humors frozen on, * ^ 
Sucks up, Tabacco-like, the Upmost ayr. 
Enkindled by fire's neighbour, candle fayr r 
And hence it spits out \vatry reums amaioe, ; 

*! As phleamy snow, and haile, and sheerer mine ; 
Aneu it smoakes beneath, 4t flames anon.' 

> <'Sootfa then, quoth I, it's safest we be goio; 

♦ Misprint for Dock, as « Tobacco is an Iru&an wttdJ' 
f Alex. sen. Edict 



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40 

. lilMttlKi««riie*sMiAignitfttfur 
FfKinotit thia smoalung flame, and choken u»* 
On Evflilb iboli^ : waotoo ItalinBly ; 
Cjlp Frencbly : DucjUy dripik : l^efatfi'lndiaiily.'' 

At the end are thr^ pieces 6f poetry* 

" Epiposiott. 

Grace after Diet's dry Dinner, wherein Diet-Drink- 
ing is promised* 

** Now that jour barking stamaake's mouth is shut, 
. And hunger's nge appeased with cho;o^ (are. 
And murmaring boards be. to silence put ; 
Now that the boordes with voyder purged are ; 
B4|th thank your God, and thanke Simposiu'ch's paioe 
That for your thaukes, he may thanke you agayne. 
For if you hunger yet, or if you thirst. 
Both which (I weet) may Diet's Drinesse make, 
A second course ioa^ hap to swage the first. 
And Diet's Drinking shall the latter slake; 
Accept meane while, these Gates of D. D. D. 
Drest by Art's Cookery, in C. C. C. * ' 

.Proficiat. Profiice. MytchgoodJtKehye.'^.' 

. . .' i . 
Then <^ loa. Weeveri Epicrisis ad Henricum But- 

sum," 14 lines English : and ^^ Ejusdetn ad eundem 
de eodiem PaUnddia/' 10 Unea same. 

J.H. 

Art*. CCCCiCIlI. Tke Holy Bible, ^Mblished] 
by Archbishop Parkeri 1568, FoL j 

" This is.gen^raUy kpo.wn by the name of tife 
Bishop'^ BibliQ^ being translated for the grei^e8|, 
vol*. TI, B 



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60 

part bj the Bisbops^ whose iiikial letters are added 
at the eitd of their fmctmlar portions* A«^ at the 
end of the Peataleueh^ W. E. WiUirimiie Exces- 
trensis. The tran^tet<)rs are recanted by Strype, 
in his life of Parker. This edition is to rare, that 
neither Dr. Burnet, nor Mr« Strype, appear to have 
seen it. The date ii^ilot either in the beginning or 
end> but is inserted in the Archbishop's arms, and 
mentioned in the pre&ce. It is adorned with great 
numbers of beautiful cuts, and printed, as it isob- 
serred, '^ itt Vit. ftttt. iovis typis: magnituHinis * 
usitatas aut paulo gratidioris,^ with letters soime- 
what larger than those of the Great Bible. After 
the Pentateuch is the picture of the Earl of Lei- 
cester, and before the Psalms that of Lord Bur- 
leigh, as favourers of the work. In this edition, at 
the end of the Bopk of Wisdom, are the letters 
W. C. probably for the Bishop of Chichester. In 
the second edition,, the whole Apocrypha is ascribed 
to J.N. the Bishop of Norwich, who perhaps revised 
it afterwards." 

From the CaUsbgat BMiotkccm JBarldanmy Vd. I. 
p. 11,12. 



Art. CCCCXCJV. The Holy Bible, Bbck-LdUm^ 
2 vols. Fol. Printed hy Barker. 1613. 

. ^^ This is tte tramk^ioft now used^ ndiidiL wafr 
made ait the command of Kii^ Japies T. The^trans^ 
lators were fifty-four of the most learned men of 
ihat time, who were divided into five bodies, of 
#htch each Was to labour u^on a particular part of 
t^fe^Dibte, wl^ieh was thts divided: the Bentateuclr 



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SI 

•lid fbe '«dqk» «f JiDdl«% Jutif^f fi;ua^ Samud, 
mod Kiogs^ tor Ae Dema of W^iHmiiltter anil St 
JPaafo} Doctors Sararia, Clark^ h^^U^ X*mghy 
Ueis. Stretferd, Sussex, Chte^ Bedwtlk From 
the Cfironicles ^o £cclesiaate0,> V> Dr, Biob^^dspn, 
and M^slu Lively, Chadderton, {)JUiiigJiam^ liai- 
son, Andrews^ Spalding, Binge. .AU tjhe Firi^ets 
and lamentations, to Drs. Harding, Reinolds, 
Holland, Kilbyi Mess. Hereford, Brett, t^are'dow^. 
All the Epistles to the Dean of Chester, Drsi Hut- 
chinson, Spencer, Mesa* Fentpn, . Katibet^ l^andei'- 
8on, Dakins. The Gospek, Acts, and Apocalypse, 
to the DeHns jo{ Cbr is^hurcb, Wini:Jie^er, ^Worces- 
ter, Windsor, Drs. Periri, Ravens, Mess. Savile, 
^Harmer. And the Apperjrphd to Ehrs. Oibpbrt, 
BrMlhw^t, Ratdiff, Mess. Ward, Downes^ J99y9^ 
Warde.' They met at Westminster, Oxford, aU^ 
Cambridge, as it was convenient far jeadb bodji. 
"The method, in i^bich they pvobeddod^ ee&am tp 
We been this : several trandations of eaoh pant 
ifere drawn up by tiie members of HM, body, 1p 
^Wlnch it ^ti^ all^tied, who then in a joitit consiiHar 
tion selected tfare^ of ithe best, en* coonpiled thein 
^lit 6f the whole number. Thus, in three yeaifi, 
^hree translations of the whole were sent to Lon- 
<don, then six (fcputies, two from each pktce^ werd 
appoiift^d, to extract one transiation out .of 43fe 
three, #hic1i was finished and printed 1611* Soe 
Setikn's Tabk Taik:'* . * 

Afet. CCOCXCV. Me Pretiemd WiOkHisiorie 
•f AmaU and Luccnda: ToUk eerfmi ruki aid 

* From the Cataloyu* Bibllothec® «arlein«e,' Vof. I. p. lA * 
E 2 



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52 

dialogues setfoorth fot the learner of iK Italian 
t&ffg: and dedicated ttntd the worshipfuU^ Sir 
Hierom Bdwes, Knight. By Claudius Hollyband^ 
' scholemaster^ teaching in Panics Churchet/arde by 
the signe of the Lucrece. Dum spifo spero. Im* 
printed at London hy Thomas PmrfootCj 1575. 
\6mo: pp.366. 

HoLLTBAND hos liere fourteen verses to Sir 
JeFom Bowes not mentioned by Ritson^ and not 
urorth transcribing. And here also are six verses 
addressed to the bpok by Eldertom 

** Claudius HoUybandc to the Reader. 

• << Who listet^ to attayne any skill in tb' Italian 
long, and to reade this most fine, pleasant, and pkhy^ 
historie of Arnalt :and Luceoda; let it please him 
for the better understanding of th^ Italian phrase, to 
bate recourse to the latter ende of this booke, there 
to see and learn both certayne profitable rules 
touching the promiDciation of the same tong, in 
mich poynteg as seeme harde to the learner, and 
the maner of declining th' Italian verbes, whereby ' 
the declining all th^ other verbes of the same tony 
may easely be perceyved. With the waye aqd 
'meane to know th' use of th' Italian Articles, 
Nownes, Cases, and numbers of Nownes, and other 
apeciall thinges requisite for the learner of the^same 
tongue. ^ And after let him take a little payne in 
the Dialogues, and fiimiliar speaches, there follow- 
ing. And then let him repayre to this Historie. 
In the reading whereof using a good discretion,* he 
tnay attayne great profite, as well for th' under- 



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as 

standing of any other Italiaa booke^ as for hit 
entraHDce to the lesMroing of the same toogue: and 
naye also gather therein many prtti^ and wktie 
phrases^ sentences, and devises, agreeable to the 
same argqmente, and apte for the lyke or any other 
speache or writing. And then if he please to goe 

' any further in the same tongue, let hini resorte to a 
Grammer set foorth by Alexander Citolini, where 
he may see, as in full sea, the full and whdle skill 

- and use of the same tongue, and all the difficultiei 
and points of the same plainly shewed and taught/' 

. " The Argmmeni of this preserd Work. 

^^ A noble Grecian, who riding to doe his busi- 
ness being oute of his i^ay, came to a solitarie place, 
where a most valiant Knight of Thebes, named 
Arnalt, having buylded a darke' and sadde palace^ 
with many his servantes, as an Heremite did dwell 
in continuall sighes, lamentations, and mourning. 
Of whom he being courteously receav6d and feasted, 
was fully informed of all his wofull* and* pitiful 
mishappe : and instantly prayed, that for the honor 
of gracious, mercifuU, and honest women^ and the 
proGte of unwearie and too bolde youth,' he should 
write it, and make it. come foorth into thecleare 
lighte and knowledge of the worlde. The which 
spedelie without delay was by him don^ in the 
Greeke tong, without his proper name unto it* It 
was after translated into the Spanish tong : and by 
the excellent Master Nicholas Herberal a French* 
man was turned into the French tongue : and as a 
thing worthy to be read in every tongue, was by 
Bartholomew Marraffi Florentine, translated into 



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Si 

Hki TbusoRn toii^: and nWe out of tbe sao^ ton-- 
^byOInttdiix^HoIlybaiide trandfarted into Englkihe.' 
HMrken tiier^ore dilig«nUy to this attdioT, ^iidtm 
dOHbtlesse' skaU make yoar hartfl to tnollifie and, 



" In this volume the Italian i^ printed on the oppo- 
site pa^e. It is mentioned by Herbert, II. 996 j. 
m whose work other publicatipns of Hollyband are 
recorded. 

Art. CCC5CXCVI. The Italim Schoale-Maister, 

. ^^CMtaj/fiing Joules for ih^ jfexfict prxmouncing of 

. ;^h^ft£i^att^ tongue^ with familiar jspeeches^ anii 

^ certain, phrmesy taken out of the best Italian Au^ 

ifiors. And • a fine Tu^Cfin Mfforie called ArnauH 

;, t^pd LUfCendfm A ferie easie xmy to learn th'Ita^ 

, iimtongim. SetJbrthfyf.Clqu. Holliband, GentU 

4>f Bpurbonnois* JOum, spirpy spero. At JUmdon i 
^ Printfdbiff Thomas Purfoot 1597. l2mo* . 

* This is' another edition of the \lrork already 
noticed ih the fornier article, in which Hbliiband's and 
Elderton's* verses are Omitted; the dedication is 
prose, ^^ T<i the ino&t'vertuous and vi^ell g\\feh Gen- 
tleman MAistfer Ihon Smith,** and '^dted *« Londoii 
this 15 of September 1597:^ then^ ^^ M. N. to the 
^Booke,^* is prefixed to 8 lines. This edftion Ritson 
appears to have seen, having* noticed the vei^s at 
Ithe beginning, but certainly did not examine ihe 

£'-'.' .* " • ■ . ' • : 

,^ * A later editioi%priate4 ^y ^rf^t in 1608, anpomices itself, in 
Che titje, to have been ** jerised and corrected by F. P. an Italian, 
professor and teacher of the Italiad tongue." 



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5fi 

work; th^i^btiBg «everttl coaplM and ^tndn0| 
and bne piece of sev^ettteen lines^ scattered in the 
history, which i» imnotited by him in the artide oif 
HoUiband. J.iL 

Art. (X5CCXCVII. ACkrisiaUGla$$€for Chri^ 
Han Women f wherein th^ ma^ see most wonde^ 
fuU and tiwe examples of a tight vertuom ttfs'mtd 
Chmtian death: a$ mthe dUcoune fcUomng ihay 

* appeare. 4^» Sign». CS. 

This is the life of Mistresse Katherine Stubbes, 
who, ia Noble's c6ntinuation of Grander IIJ. 485, 
is said to have resided at Burton upon Trent In 
Staffordshire, a place famous for fine beer, which is 
there always drank out of small glass tumblers. 

Art. CCCCltCrrill. The strange and marueilous 
Newes lately/ come Jrom the great Kingdome of 

, Chyna^ which <id%ot/neth to the East Indya, 
Translated out of the Castyln tongue^ by T iV. 
Imprinted at London^ nigh vnto the Three Cranes 
in the Vintree^ by Thomas Gardyner and Thomas 
Dawson. Small Bvo. six leaves. b.L 

Thb present article may -be consider^ as a valvi- 
able addttioo. to one of a similar wodt given in the 
Cbnsdra, Yd. lY. p. S5, and it ia doubtless hy 
the tame traodator, TlMwaa Nicholas* The tra«t 
appeared too curious for a brief notiee^ and the 
length n0t eaceediog the nsnal limits for this work, 
joiBed to its raieoett, has fasM the iadii^emeot for 
giving the teader a InmMspt of the whole* It is 
lunotiued by HerberL .... 



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56 

, <^ In the mopetb of March 1577, a certaine maro 
chant dwelling in the famoas citie of Mexico, which 
u situated in the West India, bow called New 
Sjpaine, writeth among other things to his friend 
dw e lling in the proviiiee of^Andolwoa, the pmr- 
^ticdar newes, whidi at that, instant were comen 
from the great dominion of Chyha, which adiojneth 
*iinto ,the East India, saying as felloweth. 

^ Unto tbis citie of Mexico, within this moneth, 
is brought newes from China wdrthie to 'be pub- 
lished. And because the volume thereof dooth con- 
teyne more then xx. sheetes of paper, and are now 
sent in thys caivell of advise unto the King's 
Maie8tie,the copie remayneth onely among worship- 
full personages; wherefore I can not nowe sende 
you the whole relation untyll the fleet depart from 
hence ; but the substance in briefe, is as followeth, 

'' Two shippes came from Cbyna, in, one of the 
which came a credyble person, who as a present 
witnesse. dooth declare, that the Spanyardes which 
were enhabited in certeyne ilandes wh.icb stande 
distant from that fyrme land, even as the Oanaria 
ilandes standeth from Africa, having abode nere too 
yeeres in those ilandes, and being 500 persons in 
number, did discover more then fbrty leagues of 
coast of that fyrtne land. The general of the 
Spanyardes wab called Gandie, who hadbattayle with 
those Indians, wherein iras slgine the lieftenant of 
the fielde, and fifty Spanyardes. And of the Indians 
were slayne 500b ; whereuppon the Indians desired 
peace; and an agreement was concluded betwix 
* them, that guages should be ^iven on both sides. - 

<^ The Spanyardes gave for their guagetwolearaed 



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Bien «9d four 9puldieur8 ; recejvipg Ib^ Uk# pawnt 
of the Indiaas. 

^^ Tbe Indians caried their guages to^ a goodlie 
dlie.<»Ued Ander, which standetb more than forty 
leagues within the mayne lande. This citie dooth 
eofit^Be m<x0 then tyxe leagues in circuite, with a 
douUe wat The utter wall is substantial, wd of 
three fttdpi^e of height, wroi^t as a gaUeriOi with 
loope boles for. Hargabushe or oijtt^ weapon. This 
wall is replenished with ordinance, and covered 
with pent bouse. Tbe dtie bath seven ca^telp 
e^iwllj.devided. 

<^ la this citie rolejJi for goveropiir, a vioduim^ 
sid^t to. the king of Cbjna, with many dc^stoif 
and la^n^s, ifhich weare foure* cornered cappes 
made, of beare. There are other licentiati^ who use 
round bonettes like unto Portugall priestes. There 
are . other magistrates of justjcei * who weare* the 
beare of their bead knotted, and uppoa their 
breastes and backe golden lions sowen uppon their 
garmentes. 

^^ There are also manj religions persons thatgoe 
with shaven beades, saving, ope Ipcke of heare hang- 
ing over eche eare. , Tbese.persoas are tbeir priestea* 
They make tl{ei^8acrifiee uppon a taUe, using their 
accustomed cerempnies ; thqr wry te a^d. reade,. and 
pronounce tbeyr orations and service unto tbegrr 
gods, with a loude voyce. 

<< t In an abbey of these orel^'ious persons were our 

.learaed men lodged, fortbp space of c^xe mojoetUea; 

hk which tyme they sawe maiiy rich peaces Pf clothe 

ofgoUe; and all sortes of sy)ke and pyrple; tbcgr 



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iMivetbiiM^llt nnto iSAi ^tjre Mme c^f those pMtoe^ 
which is a tbjng mervaylous to beholde. • * ^ 

^ In this countriey they havc^^ great 6tbre of wfieiite, 
the which they doo myxe mihirj/cey aiHl thereafinifte 
•Oeyr bread. 

<^ There are many hdrses aUid nares/ better thaft 
the (Spanishe kynde. * All sortes df 'SpanishB fraitesr, 
and manye other fnates that grow tiot in Spaine. 
Extept grapes, they have none The people are^ df 
shtal stature. Their women, when they are bomd, 
they use to wrest one of theyr le^es, whereof diejr 
ever remajrne lame; because they filioidd oooti*- 
imaBy kepe theyr h^oases : and are kept 80<J6se9 
ihatttone hiay see them, except those df thehotw- 
htdde. Foroorleanied men being there, as fa sayde^ 
syk6 moneths, eoolde not discrte fyftie women. 

^ The men lise theyr nayles of theyr handes 
i^ery lon^ for they find it a profitable thyng ifor the 
wkrres. 

<' This people dooth WOTshippe three gods, that 
is to say, the sunne, the moone, and an idol wilk 
three' heades. 

^' They hoMe opinion, that in tyme past, the 
•heaven diA joyne with the earth, and that the heaven 
did dtsever ftbin the earthy alud s^ende above, 
w-here it now abydeth. But yet, 4ky they, in time 
to come, ft shall descend agayne, and joyne with th0 
earth. 

'< They beleete that the sunne is god of the 
warres, and the moone is the god <^ temperaliflre, 
which is lesser in substance dmn the sunne. TiM^r 
also beleeve that al three gods are as one m gdd- 



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w 

liead, ahiiobgb ibey rale geveraUjr ererjr one by 
Irjrm delfe. 

<< And bftvtng now UBderdtaflMUng^bjdur learned 
men, of the blessed Trynitie; thej mVLowe rery Trett 
thereof thinldng tbat it i» a similitude of their three 
godiL 

' ^ There bath been made within this citie of 
Mexko, generall prayers and supplications, be* 
sedebtng die Almig^htieGod to enlighten this strange 
people witb the knowledge of his ho]y layth and 
woorde. 

<< Whan onr learned men'departed from this eMy^ 
the Indian rulers sent about fyve thousande Indians 
to aecompanie them, and presented unto them many 
peetes of dclth of golde, and many other things; 

^ This garde of fyve thocfeande men was sent to 
defende our learned -men from the TuriteS; because 
at that tyme * were tenne sayle of Turkes on the 
coast who did great hurte unto them. Tbes6 
Turkes gave chase to our men, and they r company, 
and slewe thyrtie Christians, and many Indians. 
The Christians slewe of the Turkes above i^ve 
btmdred. And the next daj 'following, our men 
«^* their Indians having refreshed themselves, set 
aguyne upon the Turkes and dlewe tbeir king, and 
neare tw6 thousande persons of his army, and drave 
the residue to flight. 

<^ When the Indyans that went to accompany our 
men, r^tikftied with thut news^ all the eitii^ns l*e- 
joyced, and diiefly rfhe king of Chyna, w%d ^wa& 
abyding in another citie fkrther williiathe mayne 
ten^* Afid fiwihwitli he sent a present unto them 
fill* their king, whicth wa9a stature of gbldo, m teketi 
4>f vict<H7 1 and advertised Urn «f the vidiaatoessb 

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flO 

9f bis Bubjectes, Tfbich had. slajne tfaemifbtie Turin! 
king of Brazer, in remembrabce whereof h^ aeM 
QDjIo him; theymage of the same god of battayle/ 
sayinj^ that hee deserved that idoU, whicbe wea 
nmde at the beginning and foundatioa of that hind} 
and that the keeping of that idol was onelj.fhre-; 
served for him. And with- this present he sent 
lOjOOO Indjans, alid ten Vesselles of warre fi)«r 
waiters^ to aeooDapany them, until they di^fdd 
arivoat their iland^ laden with victual, and' many 
riche thinges. Also fruite, as nuttes, almonde^^ 
chestnuttes, pomgranates, orenge^ andlyoK^vs, with 
store of rioe, kine, and sheepe.^ 
• ^< The Christians had carried/before .that time, 
ky]\e for to breeds ; whidie cattle are lesser than 
ours, but better fleshe and tweeter, and the sh^pe 
alao better then bars. And with this fleete of In* 
dians, and*300 Spaniardes, they proceeded to seek|^ 
Hs^ Turkes navy, whiche they met not; but they 
'conquered in thatreturne homewards, other three 
ilandes, the which they left in subjeoti6n, to the king 
^urn^stei^. 
/ , 5.^ 4nd when the Indyan fleete returned from th0 
ilande jtowarde Chyna, two shippes deparited tpom 
the newe Spayne, for those parties [parts], in :th^ 
whkhe went twelve learned men, to pi^ach th^ 
gospell unto those Indyans, and to instruct .them cif 
the m;st^ry of the holy Tripyte. I beseedi God 
that the frutte thereof may insue,- iw we trust i]t 
will } Imd commingso to passe, it will be the richest 
lande that ever was khowne. 

'^ Wee doo nowe looke for othjsr two shtj^pea, 
that the yieeking pretendetb to aedde for 1000 m^, 
to attempt the coBc^ttest of Chyn^/, forh^ sayeth, 

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61 

that Uf part strveth him to fyaithe tbaf mterprisa 
with so naejp ine% because, the Indyans are of small 
courage; yea, and though they ^ have haigahuihesy 
and other artillarie, jet they know not howe to m^ 
them : so that now this city prepareth 1000 men to 
send thither. And al the citizens of Me^pco are 
moved with desire to go thither, with love of the 
great quantitie of gold that is there. 

^^ Those that are come from them, doo report, 
that th^ exchaunge more silver for golde,, then 
waight for waight ; because those Indyan^ Qsteeme 
silver better then golde. 

'^ There is now for the king's tribute, which is a 
fiah part of all that is wonne, 600,000 dukets, all in 
golde. 

'^ They brought not the idoU of golde to pleasuro 
the Indyans, and also that they shoulde think that 
Christians, doo not so much eetaeme gplde. 

^^ They have also brought great quantitie of cloth 
of goMe, as fyne:as the sortea of Calicute dothe, 
jmd of better workman^ip then any heretofore hath 
bene brpogbt. Likewise, peppery ginger, <Aore9^ 
mnfl sinaimon. . . 

^^ Thiey have brought fleeces of wooll Ibr a moster^* 
Ind not so fyne as ours, and much rice. 

^^ They idoo also certify, that the yidridtig hath 
woorkmen aakipg four gallies lyke unto ours, fbr 
to esrpulse the Turkes, and to ayde the Indyans^ 
which thinke themselves happy to bee defended from 
them. 
" There are many other thinges to write of; 

♦ ^ Mdttra; Mattranza, A thewe, aviewe, spatitinor fight of 
fmy ibisis*" Florio^ Wofld of Wordi, 1 608. 



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wbenrfbre 1 1^5^11 {^oeore tbe copy of theifkble t^i 
liitioh, and send it yovL in &e fleete tbalf k in a redy* 
Aessetodi^rtey&e/' J. Hi 

AkT. CCCCXCIX. ?%e Mrror o/ Alckimy com'- 
posed by the thrice famous and learned fryer Roger 
Bachon^ sometime Fellow ^f Martin Colledge^ and 
afterwards of Brazen Nose Cottedge in ^Oxevford. 

* Also a most excellent and learned discourse of the 
admirable force and efficacie of Art and Nature^ 

* written by the same author . With certaine other 
worthie Treatises of the like Argument. 

** Vino vendibili non opus est bedenu'* 
London : Printed for Richard Olive, 1597.* Small 
Mo. pp* Si. 

'^Preface. 

'^ In times past the pbilosophers spake sd^dii^cs 
and ETundrie taaiHirars tfarougfaout their writings, «ith 
that as it were ii» a riddle and doudie itojee;^ ihej 
Jbave left unto ns a certaine most .exoellent mmi 
BOU0 science, but altogether obscure, andwidundt 
all hope utterly denied, and that not .wkhent^g^ood 
cause. Wherefore I would advise i^ec, thai above 
all other bookea, thou shouldestfirinly fixe thy. minfl 
upon tbese^sevea chapters, conteining in tiiemihe 
^nsBitttation of mettalla^ «nA ofiten callio ninde 

' * Dr. Shaw observes, in the Biographia Britannica, that "Bacon 
%Hl!ir»iiy Treatises, soint of wAidh are lost or ]ocked up in private 
libraries : what relate to chemistry are chiefly two small pieces, 
.niFpte at 0*for<i, ^hich are ti^#, io piint, and the MSSL ■ may be 
seen in the public library of Ley den, .having been carried thither 
AmoQ^st Vo$siu«'f^ MSS. /rom Eoglmd." Probftfaly dieVliro^ itere 
described may be one of Jtiiose to^bkb tb«.I>r. diludes.' .^ ; \ t 

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OS 

ik0 k^gixmingf middle, and end of thef smm^ wbcrein 
thou shalt finde such subtiltie, dnt my miiide dmJL 
be fully contented therewith." 

^^ Chap. I. — Of the Definitions of Alchimy. 

^^ In maqy ancient bookes there are found many 
definitions of this art, the iqtentions wherof we 
must consider in this chapter. For Hermes ^ith of 
this science : Alchimy is a corporal science simply 
composed of one and by one, naturally conjoining 
things more precious, by knowledge and effect, and 
con vertiDg them by anaturall comnuxtion into a 
better kind. A certain other saitb: Alchimy. is % 
science, teaching how to transfbrme any kind of 
mettall into another : and that by a proper medicine, 
as it appeareth by many philosopher's bookes. Al- 
chimy therefore is a science teaching how to make, 
and compound a certaine medicine, which is called 
elixir, the which when it is cast upon mettals, or 
impeHect bodies^ doth fully perfect them in the verie 
projection. 

Chap. 2.-— Of the naturall principles^ and. pro- 
creation of Minerals. 

Chi^* 9.r-rOa4: of what things the nutter of Elixir 
must be more nearly extracted. 

Chap. 4. — ^Of the maner of working, and of mp- 
derating, and continuing the fire. 

Cbapi 5^0f the.qualitie of Oie YesseU and 
Furnace. 

Chapl is.— Of the accidentall and essentiall co- 
lours appearing in the worke. 

Chap. 7.-^How to make prcgection of the me- 
dicme upoti any imperfect bodie. 

Here endeth the Mirror of Alchimy, composedf by 
the most learned philosopher Roger Bacon/' 



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64 



( The vemaander of this oirious yirork in cUyided 
ikito three parts, viz. 

Ist " A briefe Cemmentarje of Hortulanus the 
Philosopher, upon the Smaragdine Table of 
Hermes of Alchimy/* consisting of 13 chap* 
ters. 

Sd. " The Booke of the Secrets of Alchimie, com- 
posed by Galid the sonne of lazidi, translated 
out of Hebrew into Arabick, and out of Ara- 
bick into Latine, and out of Latin into 
English," consisting of 16 chapters. 

3d. ^^ The excellent « and learned discAirse of the 
admirable force and efficacie of Art and 
Nature," whioh is mentioned in the title- 
page. J. H. M. 



«as5 



the 



Abt. D. Certaine Matters composed togethet. 

^Genealogie of alFtbe Kmgs of Scotland^ tb^ir liues^tKe yearei 

of thpir coronation, tbe time of their reigne, the yeare of 

their death, and manner thereof^ with the place of their 

burialL 
Whole Nobilitie of Scotland| their surnames, their titles of 

honour, the namesof their chief houses, and their marriages. 
Arch-bishoppricks, Bishoppricks, Abbacies, Prioriei, and 

Nunneries of Scotland. 
Knights of Scotland. 
Forme of the oath of a Duke, Earle, Lord of Parliament, and 

of a Knight. 
NiMoaes of the Barronnes, Lairdes, and cbiefe GcntlfHiMii in 

euery shirefdome. 
Names of the principall Clannes and Sumamei of the 
' Bourders, not landed. 

Stewartries and Baylieries of Scotland. ' ' ( 

Order of the calling, of the Table of the Selmon. , 
Description of whole Scotland, with all the lsle9 and namei 

thereof. 
VMost rare and wonderful! thmgs fn Scotland. ' 



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' t^'they were An*. iiomM597.' IBdft. Lond.] 

I^nburgh: Printed by Robert Waldergruue 
\ Prenter to the King^s Majestic. Cum Priuilegio 
Hegio. [Reprinted at London 1603.] ito. 48 
teaoes. 

Tui8 little rare hiiBliitieal mid 4;jpegfiphical tUmdt 
•l^pdars fta haw been pdnted wiAout idate. This 
conr ksa the anagraph of (Sir) << Ro(fer Twysdeii, 
1623/' by whose pen the teveral additions to the 
fide, &ic. nfrere probably made, and sufficimt if not 
condusive authority to consider k priatad m earlgr 
as 1597. The contents are accavatefy giwn in the 
title*. The geaealogyof kings conunenoes mnHk 
Fergus, croimed 330 A. C. and condudes wUh * 
^^ 106 James. 6^ The nobiUty oonsisis of one 
Diike^ viiB. ^< Lodovick Steward, Dnke of Lenaos, 
^married the second sister of lohn Ratlnwoe, Erie of 
Gowray that now is ; his chief house Gruikstone. 
[Whose second wife, Fiaacis Houard, dauter of 

Viommt BjndoB, widow first of . 
Pranitel, and after ^ Edward Erie of Hertfiwd; and 
now of Lodowick Steward D. of Ridimond and 
Lesmox who died 16S.r « Twenty four Eails, and . 
thirty three Lords, six of them i^^. Lordships newlie 
erected, since the yeare 1587.'' The stkt» of tbe 
deigy, two archbishops ; eleven bjrsbops ; twenty 
ninoabbqrs; fourteen priories and six nunneries. 
Sixty four knights ; then the oath of a Didke^ of a 
Lord <tfParliaaiient, and 

^ Tie Oaih of a EnigU. 
I. I diallfortifie and defend theOuistian religion, 

* MS. additioiu 
TOL. VI. F 

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sQd Cbriftots boly Bmng^U^ fMTMtiit^jr fir^M^ in 
this realme^ to the uttermoit of i^jr power. 

8. I shal beleiUand true ta mysoverane Lord 
the King's Majestie, to all orders of Gbieualry, and 
to the noble oflSce of armes. 

3. I shal fortifie and defend lustice at my povrer, 
Md tbat vatki!^ fliTovr or fiv^ 
, 4^ I. shall never iid'firom my sovtrakie Lord^ At 
Jfjange's Bfajestie, nor ftoin his HieilesB LieiilsnMti 
in timerof jnellay,.andbatltlU 

5.. I shall: defende my natUire rfalme^ itom-iil 
mllififMrsAnd strtagers. 

j& idmU idefaHb Ae just action and qiMtfr^^ 
ik ladie» of Ixmour, of all true and friendles^wid^ 
Jiewes^ of brphelings and of iMidens of good flimo. 
' 1 7.tl shttlldojdiligeiiee, where soever I beare there 
4ft any rimirtherB, traytours,/ or* maslerfuH Reavers 
that . oppresseth the King^s lieges, and piire people, 
tet brijigitbem lo the lawe at my power. 

8* il shal maiataina and vphold the aoble estate 
of ehevidrie, wisdi horse, barnes, and other knightly 
.afailllBements ; . and ' shall help and saeconr them of 
Urn filBime order at my power^ if tkeyhaitetidede. 

.9. I.skdL en^ayfe and seke to haue the kaow* 
lad^aaiul vnderstandmg of al the articles aad pbiat^ 
•containsdin the book of Ghtemllrf . 
. All these premisses to cdwerae^ keepe, and .Mil, 
.I.^>Ubase niev soihelpe.me God,- by iny oirioe hand, 
jae^helpeme God,' &».'' 

<^ The names of the Batons, Lakds^ md Ulfofe 
Gentlemen iiievi^^iefijlopije^" and ^< the names 
pf the p^cinf^patt Clannes mid Sprpfim^, paitbe 
Bordours not landed,, aad chiefe men of name 



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adloiig«t dMii) at fld9 fTttentf oeeiipjr; hi doiS^ 
coluinB8| setenteeo pag^es, accorately eladsed hy 
re«Menee9, and n valuable assiitant to border 

A description of the dtvision oif Scotland, with 
UfpogrkfkAt notices, is succeeded by that ^ of the 
Yles <6e Scotland, in generaH,^ where the fdUowbg^ 
strong ddiiieotion fi giVen of the inhabitants of Ae 
IMnridfe. 

^ In ftod, rayment, aiid ail tlnngs pertejimg to ' 
their ihinily, thejr vse the auncient frugality of the 
Scots;: their bankets are huting A; Ashing. Thejr 
aeeOi fbetr flesh in the trjrpe, or els in 4he skin of 
the beast, filling flie same fbH of water* Now & 
then in hu tihgtitejr strain out thi blood, Sc eats Hhe 
flesh raw. Their drink is the broth of sodde" flesh. 
They loue very well the drink arade of whey, te 
keped cMtfin years drinking the same at feasts : it 
is named fay them ItMdiii. The most part of th^ 
drink water. Their custome is to make their tiread' 
of osftes ft bariie, (which are the onlie kyndes of 
graine that growe in those partes). Exjperienoe 
(with ttme) hath teathed them to make it, in sndi 
sorte, that it is not vnpleasant to eate. They take a 
lytle of it in the morning, and "so passing to the* 
hunting, or anie other busines, content themsduei 
therwitii, without anie oiher khde of meat till euen. 
They delight in marled cloathes, specidHe that hatie 
long strypes of sondrie colours. ' They loueddelKe 
purple and blew. Their predecessors vsed short 
manties, orplatdes of diuerse colours, sondry wdes 
deiyded, tod amongst some, the tame custome la 
obMrued t6 this day : but Ibr th^ liioste part now> 

99 



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6% 

hadfrs to ibe c^flQsf^.wheii. i]^j Ijf^ ,tm^i^ ih0. , 
hadj^9 t^.l^rigjbt.collour 9f the;r iplsfMfts AM tu^ ^ 
bewraie them, with the which (rather coloured t|ifi» : 
clf^;X^hfy Bpfi?jP tlf^ motf xcueU tepppe^to that Wow 
iatlyd ppep fiel^ft in- such sor^ tb^t i^^def a ^vryib . 
of f^^yi^ ih^y slf^jg^ ,Qomnd. In .thcdir bowft^jglBO^. 
thi^T)^. vppn t^i^rpPBd} Jayiag )i|etw|»t tlifiBi &.Mr 
brakens or hadder, the rootp thereof down^ apd tbfi I 
to{^..i^Pb ,90 {ifjetelie. J^igh ^ethcsr^.tbat A/^^ arp as 
s<rfj(ja«. %^|^i?r-Jieds,.and mpch^morf iifbol¥>«?»» 
F^^il^ioppe^ thejnselue9|^re4r)^ of n^tpre^wN^ 
it| ^ryes t^ w^akj? bumpures, ^nd re^tfMPes.^g^u^ 
t^ 8fi;^gth,of tbasinewe9 trophled before : 4^ il^at 
BQ ^videptly^ ihajt they^who at e;v0Biiig^go.tp.Kesfe 
sote.llp -Woarici> rise in t|]^ niorniag wbde aq4: Me. 
A% noiff^ of ^h^se, people care, ff^tr^ij^aib^r beddes or. 
l^diBg). sa.tal^ :th;ejr greatest plf^asure in rac^nes 
a^d bai;d^^ |f for their oiinecamAu>4i*ieyOi?vpppn 
lyoes^tip thejtJcaueU toanjoAeri^coufiti^i Aef 
f^ect't^^e feffit^f^-be^a -and badding pf thair. bpst;. 
tbe^ wrappe themselves in their owne .ptaid^^ 'So 
taking;, their rest, Carefull in^^e^, .J^ipt^ tlv^t \AVr 
l^i;ovif delioacie oC tbe s^ine b^i^ (^^ ^lejr «ei4«ia, 
ijt): corrupt theif natural! aq^ qi^i^i^ b^rjlii^ The. 
^mour, wbei;ewitb they cpyer, tb^^r. bodif^ ia tna^ 
of wajrre,> ip an yrqn bf I^^^t.; .and «ii babbevgJMita€i> 
^^) aloiQ^ even to tlusir |ieels. Their weapofil 
If^pst their eneipies JSQce bow.es -and arrpyres.. Tb0 
yrrpwes are,, for the iqo^t |N|rt, Jiool^ejdi. with an 
barbie OB either ^de> whichtO^ice entevad,witbia:tbe 
}^dk, caqnpt be drawne fi>r^ i^gauip^. vnlesae ^ 
yipj^fi^ ^ nw4e .^dpr. . Some of jtb^ift, %I|tiWJMi 



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Yde an bk^^ype. f^y iki%M mnth io inusitke, 
btit'v^n'lm^d tth* tlnlrsdioes, of their owiie fit-" 
^tiion. ' The string' of Ihe elhirdchoes 'artt tua^e'^ 
brassy wyar, abd tlie sU^itigs^of iKd'hariMi of sinoires t 
which strtnjrs diey stryke aitlier with their naytesj 
Rowing tong iw else with ati inttramekit appointed 
for that TBe. Th<?y tek^ pre^tf pleatate ib dedk tbei^ 
harps add «ctairM;b6e8 with silaer'tfnd pret^ibut 
stones : and poor ones^ that cannot attaine h^euiito,^ 
deck them wift chrisftall. They singf irerietf pNstMiA 
totnpoand, contaimng f4ot the modt part) praytiff df 
vall&unt Vnea. Hieir is not alnntot amaoth^af^ 
gunent) whereof their rymes entreat. They speakl 
. tHe imcient Freiith languagie alterada tittle:** ' 

^ The yles lying alK>vt Sco^nd that ^peake tiia 
aaneimit lahgnage called the Westf ¥1«9,'' coittaitii 
li brief ac«>mt of the isles of Mao, Orkney, Hethi* 
land, Ac* interspersed wHb seveial incidental anee^ 
dotes and- relations. The voltttne condttdes with 
^< m memorial of the most rare and wondarfull thioga 
jn Scotland*'*' A skitk-hodnd and the claik^gfeeea 
aire tbas det^ritied. - ' 

' *^ Ih ^the sooth of iSeotland, specially in tho cant 
ttieff adjacent to Engftihd, thei« isa dogof marveloal 
nature, dalled the snth^unds because, when as hee 
iscertiAed by woHs dtstt spcdtM t>y his master, 
i^afgof^s are sfolne,' whether hof^, sheep, or 
<neat; iaimediately, liee addresseth him suthty tb 
•ile'^sent, and foUoweth with great inipetuositi^, 
.through al kind of groupdaad water^ by as many 
ambages as the theeoes have vsed, tiU he attaine to 
^(eir plac^ of iresid«^ce : by the benefit of the wbtcb 



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\u> €9lled by. a newe |>#|mlar BMie, the dstM^lkmndi 
becaii06 wben as the: people io lipe in sleuth .and 
Mleiiesri and ii^iCher ,bj themseliies, or bjr the office 
of a.good herdi or hy %\» strength of a good hoasox 
i/k^ do preaeroe their goods from the incorsion of 
ff theeues and robbers; then haue they recourse to 
^. ^og, for reparation of their sleuth/' * 
; <^ In the north seas of Scotland are great clogges 
<^ timber founder in the which are marvelouslie in* 
gender^ a scort of geeio called clayk-geese, and do 
%Mi^ by the beck, til they be of perfection, oftymes 
fiEmnd and kept in admiration ^r 46ir rare iorme of 
gmeration. 

<< At Dumbartan, directly ynder Ae eastie, ai the 
Cl^uth of the liuer of Clyde, as it en^ters into thesea, 
ihcore.is a noitiber.of d&ik-geese black of cc^ur^ 
^hi^ JQ tite night time do gather gre%t <)uantil)p of 
t^ crops of the graese, growing vppoii the }wi^ 
And carries the same to sea. Then Ih^ atsemble in 
m round, and with a wondrous curiosltie, do offer 
m^ry one his owne portion to the sea floode, and 
ther^ attends vpon the flowing of the tyde, till the 
giMae be purified froM the fresh taste, ai^d turned 
ifit the 3aU, and least «ny part thereof should escape, 
'tkey labour to. hold it in with labour qf the 
,aebbes. Theprei^r orderlte every fowle eateg his 
portion. And 'thia cofttome they observe , perpe* 
tually. They are yeiy fatte, and very delicious to 
beeaten.''+ J. H. 

* Lei^itf, ih his History of Gre^t Britain, 1739, has copied this 
actonnt. See MaiUand*s Poems, edited by Pinkeftoiit p. AM, 
^ f ^lailf fdtfei barnicle. *« The thelt bete meuil it ths lepM sts* 



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Google 



71 

AkT. 01. Descriptiones qnatam iUtus kthhnami^ 

* ei muUiplids persecuHatds qmdm in Anglid propUt^ 
fidem sustineni CcUhoHci ChrisHai^u 

This singularly curious and rare work * consisti 
of six folio pages only ; five 6f them contain plates^ 
occupying nearly the half of each : these are well, 
executed, and judging from their general appear- 
ance, and the time wh^n the work was published^ 
were most probably engraven by Thomas de Le^» 
The following extract, taken from de Thou, t will 
sufficiently explain the alarming influence whicli 
the publication of this, and other representations 
of a similar nature, produced in the minds of the 
French. 

15S5. ^^ Tout cela cepeodant ne parut pas enoort 
a^z efficace aux partisans du due de Guise, et ila 
imaginerent un autre moyen qui leur parut beau* 
coup plus propre k soulerer le peuple. Pour lui 
inspirer un idee plus terrible de mauvais traitemeni 
ausquils les Catholiques 6toient exposes en Angle* 
terre, ils crurent qu^il folloit lui en donner en quelqu« 
sorte le spectacle. Dans cette vfie ils firent graver 
des planches, ou tout ce que Ton en racontoit Stoit 
represents sous des figures affrayantes. On exposa 
ensuite ces estampes en public ; et tandis que le 
simple peuple s^amusoit 4 considSrer ces gravurea 

tifera, Lis. Syit 668. Tbe aninal that iahabits it it furniftbtd triUi 
m^tettiered beard f vbicb^ in a, creikilourage vaa tMlisTtd to ba 
^art of Uie young bUd.*' PemianCs ZooL p. 57|. 

* Tbe following MS. note is affixed to the copy in my pottettiott 
— *< Ce Uvre ett fort rare et te vend a Parii jutqaa a ^sqaaata 
eciis^l m> a couti 6L 1751.** 



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79 

axcc, pn €apece d'etoo^eanent, U se^trovfoit ^ gj^p^ 
^Qst^s, ^ui^ unei Iba^uette 4. la main expllq^oi^Ilt 
toute la figure : apr^s quoi Us ajoutoient a PoreiUe 
d^un chacun que c'etoit Ik ce que arriveroit aux 
Fran^ors, si le Roi de Navarre montoii sur le t'r6ne 
oe qui se disott mfitne hautement dans la suite* Lia 
t^mSrite de cette entreprise, qui ne tendoit k rien 
moins quV une ir^volte ouverte, hssa enfin la pa- 
tiiehce de Henri. II donna order au lieutenant civil 
d^entpicher, que dons navarlt on h* exposal ces estampes 
en public: En mime terns il chargea Claude Dorron^ 
mditre des requites^ qui etoit sa maison^ de faire 
la recherche des ces planches et de les supprinier ; on 
ki'trduva enfin d Fkotel de Guise pendant F absence 
du ducy et elles furent portees au roi. Mais ces pre- 
cautions furent assez inutifes. Le parti ne trouvint 
Basque ces estampes fissent encore assez d'impres- 
filoh sur les espHts, fit peindre sur bois le m£me 
linjet 6n^grand) et^ donna en spectacle au jpublic^es 
jSgures representes avec les colours les plus vivesi 
Xai vUl moiineme long temps apres ce tableau ex- 
pos6 dansle cemetiere de saintSeverin. Le bepri^ 
6ti Tautorit^ royale etoit tomb^e, autorisoit cette 
licence des factieux,' & ambassadeur d'Angleterre 
^ut beau ^'e plaindre : ce ne Ait qu^ k force de crier 
quHl engagea enfin le roi a le faire 6ter; et ce 
prince eut eiicore bieii de la peine a Tobtenir des 
jnarquUUers de ditieux de cette paroisse^" 
" • AftiMf 4lie title (before-given)^ follows an introduce 
-tory preface, stating the contents, and purport of the 
work, from which this extract is taken : 

^^ ifabes hie, (Christiane lect.or)9 verS descriptaro 
partem aliquam illaium: oalaBitataiB, .quas «dkver- 



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75 



rcndWMitk Mikli* cMtinmiar in Asglil 
sastiDent Cislholic^ Chrittiatii ; pavteii 4ico, ommoi 
eDim varietatem et acerbiti^em spoliationun, vin- 
cutorum, cruciamentoniro, non est humaQi ingenii 
compreheiidere, multo minus mei est vel calami yel 
penicelli describere. Solus justissimus omniuni 
judex Deus ea sigillatim videt et recordatur. San- 
guinarias leges et edicta crudelia lata ad ruinaro^-et 
erersionem mm sdirai foiiuMnim et p^mesaionmn, 
yerikm etian viti^ idqne mm scdmo preaentk, sed 
etiam fututae oribis Cbristimus sal acio «distapiseeret 
si particvlattim reoognoscerei* SsTerissimas in^i- 
siones, iniquidsiffias tfecosatibnes, * proditioiies, ip- 
prehensiones, bomnronf poblfcatiottes, damnationes 
adperpetuoscarcereS) arcana in ergastulis totsnenta, 
renovatam, et superatam veterum persecutorum in 
excarniiicandis Christlanis immanitatem, muhi ex 
moderatioribus hoereticis Improbant;' quid veri 
Christianus non exhorresbit, et abominatur? Mitto 
diciere quam immensa multitudb per totum illud 
regnum in vinculis contabescat, qiiam multi sint 
confessores diuturnitate miseriarum confecti, quam 
multi ma^tj'res immanibus supplicijs mactati, quam 
multi omnis generis et sexus avitis bonis domibusque 
ejecti delitescant in angulis, quanto pluresinper- 
petua quadam solicitjidine et anxietate degentes 
dies nocteique.timenC nejn.manus carnificmn et 
emissariorum incidant. £t tamen (quod long^ est 
miserabilius), quibus domi quiete vitere Chris- 
tianorum more non licet, iisdem ne ad exteras 
'sialioiies ' demi|^nt) severis '- Ifigilbus iaiterdicitur. 
istauqunJLetfbiiJBa gemriakHiiiii^isabiia e^^pUlAi^ 



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velte «i pMiem^ ita el'l^aidtjMEH^ viiu^ 
tttdmeftcaltali nvss infloita prepoodoMit." 

First plate, entituled, ^^ Apprehensiones Catho- 
licorum/^ Under this, and the other plates, are 
subjoined explanatory references, and several Latin 
verses; from which the following are selected as a 

specimen : 

> 
** En lector regni fedies Mis^raiffda Bitenni/ 
Terra antiqqa, potens^opibas^iAiciUida mtitaHis, 
eiata anms et marte, at aniko elarior oltm « « 

las^oft b«niUte hominHm, cttltufoe sacrovusi. 
Qua |riiire9 sub coelo hlibuit pi^vineid nulla 
PontifiotHa ejpregias sedes^ tumui^sque, oua^^qiie 
Tei^plcHmm ingeatesy saera vasa, altaria, patrqm 
. Qu«f vetemoi pietas in Christi extruxit honorem : 
. H«c nuper speciosa et florentissima terra 
Aspic^ ut horribiles sacrorum passa ruinas. 
Eat ia monstrorsaai nunc deformat^ figuram. 
Namque Dei summi heec sacra, vasa« altaria^ teaiph 
Sacrilege evertit partim» partimque profanat, 
Presbyteros, Laicos» et cum mulieribus^ ipsos 
Persequitur pueros, detestandfimque professa 
Dogma, fidem Christi pedetentim exterminat omnem.— * 
Prima mali tanti radix, affligej-e sanctoi 
Presbyteros : caput hoc : nova mox spectacula icemes 
Difa magis, quae tu 'studiosus omnia lector 
Adverte, atque animuth pictura pasce fidelt." 

Second platei entituled,^ '^ Nocturne per domos 
inquisittones." 

Third plate, ^titnled, ^ TortBOirta jn caMeribiis 
tiiffieta." This plaiCo»psrticulairfy(iiinfi^ 
laliimf, perinpaf tk^wlyportiMlJfaluit^of Tbonaa 



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NortW) a native of Sbaiptiihoey ia BfldforcbUre; 
wliom WcxnI adU ^ a forward and buqr CSalviniaiy 
and noted xealot;'* * and who b thus referred to : 
^Vl^fortoDUfl arc^caroifix cum aiiis satellilibus, ao- 
4lioritatett saan in C^tboUcU laniandis immanitir 
e?(ercet/* 

Fdtfrtli p)at^9 entitnled) << Jndicia et condenna- 
tloncs." 

Fifth plate, entituled, ^^Crudelitas in ClEitholicis 
mactandis.'^ , 

In a list orYerstogan'^ f woricS) .Woodj; girei an 
acBoai^of afmblil»t}on yerj similar to what I have 
henedescribedy under tbefoUowing title : ^< Theatram 
ehidelitaUiB Hieretfeoroai nostri temporii. Antw. 
15fl9. Qn. in 19 sheets.' Whether ever printed 
hefare,^' be observeei as some say it was, I cannot 
Ml* Thk book. is lall of cuts,; representing the 

* TMf cbatacter of Korton is eximj^lifi^ by terefal traetf , piltated 
together, id 8to. ldS9. ^ He wm CD«it:i«l to thm SislimMi's CdSi- 
puiyv UL wlMMbodn 1 $mi i— o wt i of thm feet paid tohimiet 
down; the last of which wm between the years 1583 and 1584, 
witliin which period I imagine he died/* Besides tlie assistance 
wbicb he rendered to Steniheld and Hopkins, in reaifykig twentj- 
ieven.of the Psalinii to "which bis initial* afe prefixed, he also 
translated into English several small Latin pieces, and jotned with 
Thomas Sackville, Es^. (afterwards Earl of Dorset) in the composing 
one dramatic pieoe, of which Mr. Koiton ^rote the three first acts, 
enftjialed Fenrex and Porrex» 8iro. N. P. (perfofmed before the 
Qaeene's MajesUe the 18th day of January, 1561, by the Gentle- 
men of the Inner Temple.) Afterwards reprinted with considerable 
alterations under the title of Gorbednc, lS6tk'* Biog. Orati. Vol. L 
p. 840, i«d Vol. II. p. 134. Wood's Athen. VoL I. p. 83, 9d7. 
Bibliog. Poet; p. Ml. £Um's l^wnimensf Vef* IL p. 1 16, 13& 

f fee Cent. lit lU 18^ t ^^'^^ <>««• ^«V I* f*^ 



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7& 

hanging, quartering, and behieading, oir butcherlffg/ 
of Popish martyr^, '6ngraven^iit>ih' the fldineatfofn*' 
ntade with the p^n of Y erste^n ; who Wa9 observed,- 
while in England, to be nhidi ddighted in drawing 
and 'painting. The ver^ under, to explain the! 
meaning of them, were made by one John Boefaior, 
bomatBoixills. Afterwards the ^hcUioq$ leagpe 
beginning, he conveyed himself and books to Pari§.|; 
where the English ambassador complained of him 
to King Henry IIL and desired, that he being born 
a subject to the queen of England, and then a fu- 
gitive,' and one that had abused her, by his repte- 
sentatroh of cruelties, he nfigfat be delivered into 
his hands, to be sent to Bi^land, there to reemrol 
reward. And the antbasswAor had reason finr his^ 
request, if that lie true which it reported, that KihJEJ 
Henry III; was >so mudi poftsest with' those, cruel 
pictures, and did ptrt'ilo^muoh credit jn thehi, ilkt 
he accused .queej3 Slizab^th of great cruelty; calling 
her a wicked and cruel womao.'' J^ H. M. 

't ■ '■ < I 11 1 II m i l l I I I- rr"" 

Ai^T. DII. Pierce J^eniksse his Supplication to the 
DrceH. Barbarugrandis habere nihil. Writtm 
by Tho. Nash^ G-eht London : Printed by Abel 
Jeffes for 7. B. 1593. ito. not paged; but the 
sheets extend as far as signature /. 

Most of Nash's publications are scarce^ atid are 
now in considerable request. The following is the 
price of such as occurred at Reed'^ sale* 

£. s. d. 

L Anatomic of Absurditie, printed by I. 
diartewood, 1589, bought by Mr. Hill - 6 6 



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"-- •.• ". £: 5. d. 

% Pasqaill aqd Marfiorio, 1589, by ditto S I 

.3.. Pierce Peiiite88,fl5 oftoce - - I 11 6 

4. Ditto, printed for Nicholas . Ling;, 
I595,.bouglitby MnHeber - r - 1 6 

5. Have with you to Saffixm Walden; 
o|r Gabriel Ifarvej^'s hun^ is up, 1596, by 

i)q. - . . - - . ' .^ -5 12. 6 

6. Wonde^ul, strange and mirajCtibus 
Astrological Prognostication for 1^91. 
Printed by Tho, Scarlet^ bought by Mr. ^ 
Malone - •- - --6 16 6 

7. New Letter of notable conceits, 
bought by Mr Hill - - - - « 2 

8. Keturn of the Knight of the Poste 
from HelL Printed Vy John Windet, 1606, .. 
bought by Mr. Maloae . - • - 5 7 6 

9. Chrisfs Tears over Jerusalem. 
Printed by Thomas Thorpe, \&\8^ bought 
byMr. HiU - - - • • 7 17 6 

10. Four Letters and certain Sonnets, 
especially touching Rt. Greene. Printed 

by John Wolft, bought by Ditto « - 11 

11. Piece's Supererogation ; or a new 
prayse of Ae old Asse. Printed by John 
Wolfe, 159S, bought by Ditto - - 4 14 6 

jgiSfiaaO 



In the tract which forms the subject of the pre- 
sent article, after ^ A private Epistle of the ^Author 
to the Printer^ wherein his JUU meaning and purpose 
in publishing this booke is sttjborthi'' begins. 



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7?r 
^* Pierce PenUesse kh suppUaiiion to the Dkdl. 

^^ Having, spent many years in studying how to 
livei and livMe a long time without money; haviiig 
tired my youth with foUie, and surfetted my minde 
with vanity,* I begun at lehgth to looke baeke to 
repentaunce, and addressee my endevors to pro* 
«peritie: but al id vaitie, I s&te tip late, and rose 
earely, contented with the colde, and conversed with' 
ficarcitie: for aS my laboiirs turned to losse, my 
vulgar muse was despited and neglected, my pained 
not regarded or slightly rewarded, and I my selfe 
(in priine of my best wit) laid open to poverty. 
Whereupon (in a malcontent humour) f accused my 
fortune^ * raild on my patrones, bit my pen, rent 
my papers, and rag'de in ail points like a madde 
man; in Which agony tormenting myselfe a long 
time, I grew by degrees to a milder discontent : and 
pausing a wltile over my standish, I resolved in 
verse to paint fbrth niy passion : which best agree* 
ing with the Vaine'^of my unrest," I began to com* 
plaine in this sort. 

" Why is't damaatj^ntd diipiiireawd die, 
Whei^ life iji my tniehan^ii^iediisoaset 

My 90ttle, 9Qr «qu^> fiu'^f afetye makfn ait ii$ v 

^hp ftultie meanes,,^]^ niigbt^ i^y pa|<ML4ppaafe, 
. Uirines and dying men may talke of hell» 

But io my heart, her several tormentes dwell. 

Ah worthlesse wit, to traieeme to this woe» 
I>e|c^tfaU.arte8 jt^t nourish Di^jOateQt : 

l^tr^pid99acie9»<el/erabellaseq[»iL , 



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7» 

III tkiive tbeMltie tbii bcwitchi m so; 

Vaiiie^tluHiilito iidi€iii, Ibf now I wfll repent 
And yet my wantes penwade nie to proceede. 
Since n<M^ t«keapitie of a ^oboller's needcu 

Forgtfe tne Gt>d, altliougli I cune my iMrth, 
And- bui the aire, wherein i breath a wretch ; 

Since IkfiBetie hiith damited all my mirth ; 
'And I nmqiti^ undone diroug^b'pronlifle-breaeh. 

Oh t 'friends, no friends, that then ongently frowne, 

When chai^g Fortnne oaMs us headlong downe. 

Without redresse complaines my carelesse verse^ 
And Mydas eares- relent not sft my moane : 

In some f^r land will 1 my griefes reherse, 
'Mongst them that will be mov'd when T shall groane* 

Enghuid (adieu) the aoyle that brought me foortfa. 

Adieu onkinde, where skill is nothing woorth.^ 

^ These rjme9f thus ntirnptljr set down^ I tost 
my imnginatioiia a tbousaiid waiea to ae^ if I. could, 
^de any m^anea to relieve mj estate* But all my. 
t(MMi|^ conaerted ta ibk coii4uBie#y tliai Ae 
world wa9upeharitabl^j,aa4 I ordained to be mi- 
serable. Therdiy I gftemio^ consider how ma^y base 
men, thi^t wanted tboae parta which I faad» eiifoyed 
coBtent fit will and had wealth at eommaundi I 
caM to .mindif i| coUer^hat WiM werth fire huodred 
potta4 ; . w hos^r tipt h^ binlt a. goodly ifiee and 
might diapende fortie pound jfierly h^^ bis land; a> 
carrsiaa in, a leiher-pUf^ that 1ml ; whjpt out a 
t|ioif8fHi4;poimd; Qttt.fif hig horse tajle : and ha?e I 
more wit than all these (thought I to myselfe), am 
I better •heme I Am I better l^ought up} Yea and 

t PM OMOccidfttif tmicL 



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80? 

baiter fiivored;'ainl' jet am^ I a bagger? Whkt is 
the cause? How am I crest? Or n^henee is^tbis 

curse? - r . i • - v ' i - . • \ 

^^ Even fitmi hence, that men tlrat should temploy 
such as I ana, are enamoju^ed of their Qwn wits, and 
thinke wha^ ever they do i^ ex;cellent> tho«g^ it be 
never so scurvie : , that learnixig (of t)ie igaorant) is 
rated after th^yahie of, the inke apd paper; and a 
scrivener better paidfpr aA.^Uigatioa, than aschdler 
for the best poeme he^ can make; that eveiy grosse 
braind ideot * is suffered to (;ome into print, who if 
hee set foorth a pamphlet of the praise of pudding- 
pricks, or write a treatise of Tom Thumme, or jthe 
exployts of Untrusse ; it is bought up thicke and 
threefold, when better things lie dead. How then 
can we chuse but be needy, when there are^so many 
droanes amongst us : or ever prove rich that toile a 
whole^yeare foi' faire lookes? Gentle Sir Phflip 
Sidney, thou knewst whal belbhged to a schoUer ; 
thouknewst what paints, what toyle, what trttvel 
conduct to perfection : wel coiildst thou give every' 
vertue his encouragement, every arte his- due, every 
writer his desert : cause none more ve1r|tuousj witty, 
or learned than tbyselfe. But thou art dead in thy 
grave,f atid hast left t6o f^w successors of thy 
glory, too few to dieri«b the sons of this mti^,' or' 
water those budding hopes witb their plenty, which. 
Ay bounty erst planted. . 
'> << Beleeve' me,' genttemen, for some* cro^; mts- 
ijapes hav^ taught liiy experience!, tiiere iis not that 

f Heu rapmnt mala Cuta boQos. 



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%^iet bbs^rvafioii of honour wIihA taifli be^ tier^^ 
4ofoFe. M«D of great calling take it bf merite to 
have their nam^s eterniede by poetS; and Wbatso* 
ever pamphlet or dedication encounters them, thej 
put it uppe in their sleeves, and scarce give him 
thankes that presents it. Much better is it for 
those golden pens to raise such ungrateful! peasants 
from the dunghill of obscurity, and make them 
equal in ikme to the worthies of olde, when their 
doting self love shall challenge it of duty, and not 
onely give them nothing themselves, but impoy^ish 
liberality in others. 

^' This is the lamentable condition of our times^ 
that men of arte must seeke almes of ooriHoratites, 
and those that deserve best, be kept under by dunces, 
who count it a policie to keep them bare, because 
they should follow their books the better : thinking, 
belike, that as prefbrment has made themselves idle, 
that were earst painfull in meaner places, so it 
would likewise slacken the endeavours of those 
students that as yet strive to excell, in hope of 
advancement. A good policy to suppress sup^r* 
fluous liberality: but had it been practised, when 
they were promoted, the yeomandrie of the realme 
bad been better to passe than it is, and one droane 
should not have driven so many bees from 'their 
bony-combes. ' 

" I, I, weele give loosers leave to taike ; it ii 
no matter what sic probo and his penilesse cbmpa- 
nions prate, whitest we bave the gold in our coffers* 
This is it that will make a knave an honest man^ 
aftid^ my seigbboiir Cramptpn's stripGng a better 
gentleman than bis grandsier. O it is a trim thin;, 

vox, VI. G 



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ai 

wbea friie ih». muM gee^ before^ aii4 drnme ih» 
filther follows after. Such presidents, there are ui 
our coipnH)iiiweakh a great many t not so mucb 0f 
them whome learning and industry bath exaltec^ 
(whom I preferre before genm, et proavos^) as for 
carterlj up-starts^ that out-faee towne and country 
in their velvets, when Sir Rowland Rnsseleoa^ 
their dad, goes sagging everie day in his round 
gasooynes of white cotton, and hatji much adpo (poor 
peny-fatber) tp keepe hi^ untbrift elbows in repara- 
tions, 

^^ Marry happy are they (say I) tbf^t have sujQh 
fathers to worke for them whitest they play, for 
where other men tnrne over many leaves to get 
bread and ^ese in their old age,, and study twenty 
years to distill gold out of inke, our yoong maist^rs 
doe nothing but devise bow to. qpend and aske 
counsaile of the wine and capons^ how t^ey may 
quickliest consume their pytrimoDies. As for me I 
live secure from, all such perturbations : for (thankes 
be to God) I am vacuus viator^ and care not though 
I meet the commissioncars of Newmarket-Heath at 
high midnight, for any crosses, images, or pictures, 
that I carry about me more than needes. 

^^ Than needs, (quoth I) ; nay, I would be ashum*- 
ed of it, if <^us et usus were not knocking at my 
doore twenty times a weeke when I am not within; 
the more is the pity that such a frank fj^entleman as 
I should want : but since tbe dice run so untowafd*> 
^ Gfk my side, I am pertly provided with a remedy* 
For^ whereas those, that stand most on their honour 
liave shut ^ their piirsef, and sl^e us of Witt 
Court Ho^*bread & and) on the other iide» « nwo* 



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is 

ber of bypdoitieftl kotopurreg, tkftl hi\R6 iSoi al* 
waies in tli^ir mouAs^ will ^itd tothitig; 'fbc God^ 
sake ; I have clapt up a brndtom^ suppHicatloii to 
the Dtv^, and sent it by a g;oOd fi^w, ttal I 
know wil delirer it. And because you may beleeve 
me the better, I care riot if 1 acquaint you with the 
eircnmstanoe. 

^ I was infermed of late daies, that a certHyne blind 
retayler called the Divell, used to lend money upon 
pawnes, or any tiring, and would let one for a need 
have a thousand ponndes upon a statute merchant 
cf his soide : or if a man plide throughly, would 
ii^ust bim upon a bUl of bis hand without any more 
circumstance. B^des he was noted tor a privy 
benefiictor to traitors and parasites, and to advance 
fbols and asses far sooner than any, to be a greedy 
pursuer of newes, and so ftmous a pcditician in 
poidiasing, that hell, (which at the beginning was 
but an obscure village) is now become a huge citie, 
whereunto al countries B.te tributary. 

'^ These manifest Conjectures of plentie, assembled 
in one common place of ability, I determined to 
clawe avarice by the elbow, till his fiiU belly gave 
me a fiiU hand, and let him blood with my pen (if ; 
it might be) in the vaine of libenditie : and so (in 
Aort tinie) was this paper-mongster, Pierce P^nt* 
lesste, begotten. But written and all, here Kes the 
ciueslibn, where shall 1 find this old asse, that I 
may deBver it. Masse, that's true, they say the 
lawyers have the divell and all : and it is likeenoughf 
he is playing ambodexters among them. Fie, fie, 
Hie Diveft a driver in Westminster Halll it earf 
Mferbe. 

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'84 

r * Jfow, I pfJ^y, wtottiJpyou imagine hi^n.^ b^;? 
PerfaBpsiyou thinke it is not possible he sbpuld be «o 
grave. Oh then yen are in an error, for he 19 as 
foriml as the b^st scriyener pf them alL Marry, be 
doth not use to weare a night<>cap, for hordes, will 
nqt lethim: and yet I knowe a hundred as well 
headed as he that will make a joUie shift with a 
count^cap on tbeir crownes, if the Wjeather be cold. 
." To proceed with my tale : to Westminster Hall 
I.wient, and^.ma^e a, ^arcb of enqqiry, from th^ 
blacke gpwne to the but^kram bagge, if there wjBrf 
any su^h sergeant, bencher, coansailor, attorney, 
or petifogger^ as Signrior Comuto Diabolo, with 
the ^oQd face. But they al (una voce). affirmed that 
be WAS; qot. there: Marry whether he were at the 
Exchange or no, apio^^t the rich. merchants, that 
they could not tell : but it wa^ likelier of the two, 
that I should, meet with him, or heare of him, at 
the least, in those quarters. I faith and say you so, 
quoth I, and Ue bestow a little labour more, but 
lie hunt him out. Without more circumstance, 
thither ;came I: and thrusting myselfe, as the n^tn- 
ner is, among the confusion, of languages, 1 asked 
(as before) whether he were there extant or no* 
But from one to another, non novi Daemonem was 
al the answeare I could get. At length, (as fortuaiR 
serveth) I lighted upon an old, stradling usurer^ 
c)ad in a ^amaske cassocke. edged with fox fur, a 
pair of trunk slops, sagging down like a &h99mak^r'^ 
wallet, and a short thrid-bare gpwn^ on his back^ 
fttc'd with moth-eaten. budge; upon his head hei 
w re.a filthy coarse biggin, ^d next it a garnish o{ 
night-caps, which a sage butten cap, of the form of 



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95 

A cow*8he«rd everspread very orderly t a ftt ehufk 
tt wa9 (I reoaember) with a gray beard out short lo 
the stumps, -as though it were grkn'd, ahd a huge 
woorm*eaten nose, like a cluster of grapes hangiag 
downwards. Of him I demauniied if hee^s^d tell 
me any tidings of the party I sought for« 

^< By my troth, quoth be, stripling, (atid then he 
cought) I saw him not lately^ nor Jinow I certaiBJ^ 
where he keepes: but thus oiuch I heard by a 
broker, a friend of mine, that hath bad sooe deal- 
ing with himin his time, that he ia at home sick of * 
the goute, and will not be ^oken withal undar 
more than thon art able to give, sotne two or tbffoe 
busdred angek at least, if thou hast any sule to hiai, 
and then, perhaps, he'le strain eurtesie with bis 
l^SK^ ^° cbilde-bed, and come forth and talk with 
thee: but otherwise non est domi, hee is butde 
with Mammon, and the prince of the north, how to 
build up his kingdom, or sending his spirits abroad 
to undemiDe the maligners of his government. 

^^ I bearing of this cold comfort took my leave of 
him very fiuntly^ and, like a careless malecontent 
that knew not which way to turn, retired me to 
Paules to seek my dinner with Duke Humfrey: 
but when I came there, the old souldier was not 
up: bee is long arising^ thought I, but that's all 
one : for hee tfiat hath no. monegr must goe dine with 
Sir John Best-hetrust at tbe sign of the chalk and 
the post. 

^^ Two hungry tumos had I scarce feleht in this 
waste galleiy when I was encountered by a neat 
pedanticall fellow, in forme of a citizen, who thrust- 
ing himself abruptly into my aompony like an in- 



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86 

tlffligenoer) began very eamestly la qMsCkm with 
me about the came of my discontent, or wkat made 
ne so sad,^ tkat seemed too y.ong to be aoquainted 
irith sorrow. I nothing nice to unfitdd my estate to 
anie whatsoever, discourst to him the whole cir* 
cumstance of my care, and what toyie and paines 
I bad took in searching for him that would not be 
heard of. Why, sir, (quoth fae> had I been privy 
to your purpose before, I could have eas'd you of 
this travel : 'for if it be the Divell you seek for, 
' know 1 am his man. I pray, sir, how inight I ci^ 
you ?, A knight of the post (quoth he), for so I am 
tearmed t a fidlow that will swear you* any thing 
for tweite pence;* but, indeed, I am a spirite in 
nature and essence thai take upon me this humaioe 
shape only to set men together by the emte», and 
send soules by millicms to hell. Now, trust me, a 
snbstantiall U^e; but when doe you think you 
could send next to your maist^ ? Why, every day t 
for there is not a cormorant that dies, cht cut-purse 
that is hanged, but I dispatch letters by his soul to 
him and ^ my friends in thelow countrks : where* 
fore, if you have ilny thing that you wooid have 
transported, give it to me/ and I will see it de- 
livered. 

^^ Yes, marry have I, (quoth I) a certain suppii* 
cation heere unto your maister, which* you may 
peruse it if'it please you. With that he opened it 
and read as foUoweth. 

^ To the High and Mightie Prince of Darknesse, 
Bonsell Dell Lucifer, King of Acheron, Stix and 

* Kqo bene c(9td«cti veodnnt peir^m testes. 



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tir 

VhiftgBtoBj Dttke of Ttrteiy, Marfoen^ of Gosjrfiii^ 
asd Lord High Regent of Lymbo: bis dtatfeisad 
oialor, Pierce Penilesse, withclk ancrea i e of damna- 
tion «id nalediotton eternall, per Jesam CImtaBi 
Domimim nostrum. 

^ Most bumble sueth unto yam rinftdoet, yo«r 
aiagfe eoald orator Fierce PeaileMe : tbal wbeveof 
jour impious fiKceUeace^ faatb had Ihe pooie leii»« 
meiit of his purse any time* this baUe jreeve Sm 
jour daunoHig scboole, and he (aotwiAhsiandiflig) 
hath received no peinr nor crosse for fimttO) aco etA* 
ing to the usuall manner it may please your gsae^ 
lesse Miyestie to consider of him, and give order 
to your semiBl Avarioe, be may be diqvatcbed^ 
inaDflsneh as no man beer in Loodkio can bavo a 
datmciDg scboole wiAout rent^ and bis wit aa& 
hnavery caanot be maiatained wilfa aotbiag. Or if 
Ais be not so pbiusible to your hoBourahle ialer* 
naldi^ it might seeme good to your belbood, to 
make ei^nt upon the -soules of a Dsoiber of un« 
charitaUe cormorants, who ha?iag inemrM tho 
daanger of a prsenHinire, with medli^g with matters 
that properly ooueeroe, you^ owneperson, deserro 
no longer to live (as men) amongst men, but to bQ» 
incorporated in the society of divds. By whidbi 
meanes, the m%h<y ooatreuler of fbrtuae, aad im* 
perious subverter of destiny, delicious gold, tba 
poore man's god, and idett of princes, (that lookea 
pale aad waaae tfarou^ long imprisoomeat) ungte 
at length be restored to his powerfull moaarchie 

* No i'le be swome^ upon s )»0Qk h^rt I oo^ 



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89 

and eftsoon bee set at liberty to heSjpe his frieodf ^ 
that lmv€ neede of him. 

^' I kik>w a g^eat sort of good feUowes'tbat woaU 
Tsntore fiurre tar his freedom,* and a number of 
needy lawyers, (who now mourne in ' thread*baiB 
gownes for bis diraldome) that would go neere to 
poison bis keepers witti false Latine, if that mif^ 
proolire bis enlargebietit: but inexorable yroh de- 
tames bim in the dungeon of the nighty so that now 
(podre creature) bee can neither trbifique with the 
Htercers and tailors as he \^s wont, nor dominere in 
tavemes as be ought. 

- ^ Famine, Lent, and Dissolulionj set in omon*- 
fbiuM jackets b^ore the doore of his indurance, as 
a chorus in tragedie of hospitality, to tell hunger 
and poverty thers no reliefe for them there : and^in 
Ike inner part of this ugly habitation, stands Gree- 
dinesse^f prepared to devoure all that enter, attired 
in a «apouch of written parchment, button'd dovne 
before with labels of war, and lined with sheepes fels 
ibr warmenes : bis cappe lurd with cats skins, .after 
the Aittseovic fiisbion, and all to be tasseld wtlh 
sn^le^hookes instead of aglets, ready to catcb baid 
of all those to whom be showes any bumfaienes : for 
bis breeehes they were made of the lidts of broad 
cloatbs, whkh be had by letters pattents assured 
faim and bis hey res to the beter ov«rthroft^of Bonr^ 
eases and cushion-makers, and bumbasled they 
were li|£e beer bairels, with statute narebante and 

* Id est, for the fredome of gold. 

t Here it the desbription of Greediness. 



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8d 

forfeUnreg : but, of al, his sfaoo^es #ere the strangest, 
wfaieh being nothing els but a couple of crab-shels, 
mwe tootiid at the toes with two sharp sixpeny 
nailes, that dNg'd up every dunghill they came by 
far gold, ' and snarld at the stones as he went in the 
street,, because they were so common for men, 
women, and children, to tread upon, and he could 
not deyise how to wre^ an odde fine out of any of 

UMfD* 

^ ^ Thm wttlkes he up and downe all his life time, 
with an yron crow in his band instead of a stafie, ' 
and a sarjanis maee in his mouth (which night and 
doj he still' gnaws upon) and either busies himselfe 
in «etthig>«il^;^er lime twigs to entangle young gen* 
«tleinen, m^ casting foovth silken shraps to catdi 
W9odco€ks^ or in sy ving of muskhils and shop-dost, 
wii^rebf Iw will bouit a* whole cart load to gainea 
bow\i pime% 

^ Oft the other side Dame N iggardize* his wifis, 
in a sedge-rogge kirtle, that had beene a*mat time 
out of mi tide, a coarse hempen raile about her 
dioulders, borrowed of the one end of a hop-bag, 
an apron tnade of almanacks ont of date (such as 
4Bitaiid upon screens, or on the backside of a dore in 
a^ehaadler's shop) and an old wires pudding pan 
o»1icr head, thrum'd with the pairings of her nails, 
^sat barreling up the dropping of her nose, instee4 
of oyle to eaime wool! withall, and would not ad* 
ivetttare to spit wkhont half a dozen porrengers at 
her elbow; 
. ^ The honse (or rather the hell) where these two 

, * Hereif the^descriptionofNiggardac, 



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90 

was vaste, large^ gtrpngTlmflt, afi4 weU^fornish^^ 
aU 69Te tb^ kitten s. &ar tbiat wm mo bigger am 
tbe cookers roome in a «liip ^ih « little oowt 
cbiinney, above tbe cojmpasee of a parratbeoisr ih 
proclamation print; tbeo judge yon wbat diminu* 
tiv« dishes eatjae out of this dove's nieast* So like^ 
wise of the buttry ; for whereai id housM of slidi 
stately foundation, that are builte to outwwrd 
dewe BO maguificanty erery office is CDswerable to 
die ball, which is principaU; there the buttry wm 
lio more but a Uind cole-bouse under a pahre of 
staires, wherein (upriwig a»d detwn-fyiiig) ww 
iHit one single kilderkin of small beere, ^^t would 
make a man with a earrouse of a spoeaofuU, run 
through an alphabet of feces* Nor iis'd they any 
glasses or cups, as other men; but onely ktle 
ferthing ounce-boxes, whereof one of Aem fitd up 
with froath, in manner and form of an afehouse, . 
wasa meale's allowance for tbe whole houadiold. 
It were lamentaUe to tell what misery the rattes 
imd mice endured in^this hard worid; bow when 
all supply <4* vituels failed them, they went a boot^ 
baling one night to Senior Greedinesse bedchamber^ 
l^er^ finding nothing but enptines and vatlilio, 
fliey encountred, after long inquisitimi, with a eod»r 
peece, wdl-dunged and manured with greaee (which 
my pinch fert-peny father had retained from hk 
badielorship, antil the* eatiog of these prawa^) 
Upon that they set, and with a couragioua assauU, 
mnte it deane away firom the breeches, and then 
carried it in triumph Jike a coffin on their shoulders 
betwixt them. The very spiders and dust-weavers 



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that wont to aet up their Ioobim in tv^rf irindow, 
decayed and undone through the extr^ne dearth of 
the ^ce, that i^orded them no matter to ivorira 
pn, were oonatrained to hreeke against their wiUi, 
and goe dwell in the coantrjr, out of the reache of 
the broome and the ring : and geaerallj not a flea 
nor a cricket that caried any braye minde^ thai 
would stay there ^fter be had once tasted the order 
pf their frre. Onely unfiMrtunat gold (a predestinaA 
slave to drudges and fodes) lives in endlesse bondage 
there amonfBt tbem^ and may no way be releast, 
except you send the rot halfe a yeare amongst hk 
fceeper% and so mali^ them away with a murrion 
onoaft^r another* 

I shall finish this article with the following ez« 
tracijs from the dose. 

^^ Ge^^ Reader, tanitm aUquoMh^^ I am at lea* 
stvetotalketothee. I dare say, thou bast cald me 
B hundred times dolt for this senseles diaeourses 
it is no matters thou ioest bat as I have ^one by a 
number ii| |ny daies* For who oan abkie a aeunry 
pedling poet to plucke a mun by the sleeve at. every 
third step iq Paules Churdi^yard, and when he 
cowes io to survey his wares, there's nothing but 
pni|;atioos and vomits wrapt up in wast paper. It 
were very good the dog whipper in Paules would 
have a care of this in .his unsavory visitation every 
Saterday i for. it is dangerous for, sudi of the 
Queenes liege peopfei as slmU take a vie we of them 
fiisting.'' 

Sec. &c. &e. 



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The followittg is from the tiree' last pagfeg. ' ' 

^ Far bfe it, bright starfe of iiobility, arid glistririg 
attendants on thie * true Diana, that ' this my speefeU 
should be any way injurious to your glorious mag- 
nificence: fer tn ybu lite those sparks of Augustus' 
liberality, that ffever ^erit any away empty : and 
Seienoe' seaven fold thk'one, well nigh ruined by 
ryot add aivariie, is mightily supported by your 
plentiful larges, which makes poetd to sing such 
goodly himmes of your praise, as no envious poste* 
rity may forget. <> But frdm generall feme, let me 
digresse to my private experience, and with a 
tongue unworthy to name a ndme of duch wortlqr* 
ness, affectionately emblason to the -eyes that won- 
der, the matchlesse image of honour^ and magnifi- 
cent re warder of vertue, Jove^s eagle^home Ganimedj 
thrice noble Amyntas^ ^ In whose high spirit such a 
Deitve of wisdome appeereth^ that If Hoofer were to 
wnte \m Odi9$ea new (where ilnder the person of 
UUflsea he describeth a singular man, of perfection, 
in whom ^ ornaments bot^ of pe&ce a^ War are 
assembled in the height of their excellencie,) he 
ne^ no other instance to augment -his conceipt, 
than the rare carryage of his honourable-mihde. 
Many writers and good wits are given to commend 
their patrons and benefirctors, some foi* prowesse, 
some for policy, others for the glory of their an^- 
cestry and exceeding bounty and liberality : but if 
my unable pen' should ever enterprise such a con- 
tiuuall talke of praise, I would embowell a number 
of those wind puft bladders,, and disfurnish their 
bald-pates of the perigwigs poets have lent then! ; 
that so I might restore glory to his right inheritance, 

* Ferdinando, Earl of Derby. Editor, 

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9d 

and these st^ titles to their true own^r^i.whieh 
if it would, so &U out (as tipne may worite all thiqges) 
the aspiring nettles with their shadye Coppes shall 
no linger ovep«dreepe the best hearbes, or keepe 
them from the smiling aspect of the sunne, that live 
and thrive by his comlortaUe beames, none but de- 
sert shpuld sit in Fame's grace, none but Hector be 
remembred in the chronicles of prowesse*, tione but 
thou, most curteous^77iy/?to^, be the second misticall 
argument of the Knight of the Red- Crosse. 
" Oh decus atque aevi gloria summa tui*' 

And heere (heavenly Spencer) I am most highly 
to accuse thee of forgetfulnes, thai in that honoura- 
ble catkilogne bf our English heroes, which insueth 
the conclusion of thy famous Fairy Qtteeney thou 
wouldest let so speciall a pillar of nobility passe 
unsaluted. The very thought of his deiived descent, 
and -extraordinary parts wherewkh be astonisheth 
ihe world, and drawes all harts to his love, would 
have inspired thy ibrewearyed pase 'withnew fbry 
to proceede to the next triumphs of the t^tately 
gbddesse, but, 'as I, in favour of so rat*e a ^holler, 
suppose with this counsell he refirainde his mentioA 
in this first part, that he might with fulsayleph>- 
ceed to his due commendations in the se<;ond. Of 
this occasion long since I happened to frame a son- 
net, which being wholy intended to the reverence of 
this renouned Lord, (to whom I owe all the utmost 
powers of my love and dutye) I meaute heere for 
variety of stile to insert. 

" Perusing yester night with idle ey^s 
The Fairy Singer's stately tuned verse : 



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Oi 

Wfaftt straiig« eontenti th^ tilte did rclieflt9e,r 
I fitreight leapt'evtr to the latter «ttd> 

Where, like the quakrt connedians <yf onr tin^ » 
. That when Ihctr play is dooqe, do fall to rune, 

I l(Muid short lines, to^ st^ndry ndbks peh'd* 
Wli#ai be as speciaU iwnMirs saigled fonrtli^ 

To be the patrons oi has poetry; 
I read tliem al)» and rtvereoce't thek worthf 

Yet wondred he left out thy roemoi^. ' 

But therefore gest I he supprest thy name^ 

Because fewe words might not comprise thy fame.** 

<< Beare wiib p», g^la poejl^ thoug^h I c«iBeei«e 
jQot a right of tby purpose^ or be too iaqjaisitiv^ 
inta the ii^nt of thy oblivion : for however mj 
coiyecture may misse the ^cushion, yet shall my 
speech savour of friendship, ibotigh it be oot alyed 
io judgemoRt* Tantom hoc molior, in this short 
yiigressien, to tcquaint ov oountreymen that Hvc^ 
out oCth^ echo of the court, wttii a common know* 
ledge of his tnvaluable vertues^ amd shew 'myselfe 
tbankfiill (in smne part) for bmefits reeeived; 
which since wordes mi^ not count^vadle^ diat art 
the usual lip labour of ereiy idle discouraer; I eon^ 
fiude with that of Ovid, 

Accipe, per longos ttbi qui deserveat annos, 
Accipe, qui pura novit amare ficle. 

And if my zeale 9nd duty (tbougfi all to mean to 
please) may, by any industry,^ be reformed to y^our 
gratious liking, I submit the simplicity of my en- 
devours to youj^ service, which is all my performance 
may profer, or' my abiUty performe. 



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M 

Praboit Alciooi pMSft bMiigiittt Ager, 
Officiam paaper nameret, studianiqae fidemqtie : 

and so I breake off this endlesse argument of speech 
abruptlie. 

Finis.* 



mm 



Art. DHL Characters upon Essaies^ moratt and 
jMuinCy written for those good Spirits, that will 
take them in good party and make vse of them to 
good purpose. London: Printed bt/ Edw. Griffin 
for John GuURmy and are to be sold aJt his shop in 
Britaines'-Burse. 1615. ISmo. 

This is one of the numerons prodMtions of that 
prolific penmao Nicholas Breton, who inscribes it in 
a diedtcation of fire pages ^^ to the hoBOmble and 
his mvdi worthy honored, truly learned, and judi« 
dons knight, Sir Francis Bacevi, his Majestie's 
Attonm^^^TtMratt.^ A short prose addipess ^to 
the reader^' fbllowi : after which veraes Ad Aulho^ 
rem Sp in toudem Operisy ngnatored W. IX W. P. 
I. B. LR. C.N. R. B. The Charactering of 
Essays then extends from: p. 1 to 44, and comprises 
LWisdome. S. Learning. Si Knowledge. 4. Prac* 
tiee. 5. BatieMe. 6. Love. T. Peace. 8. Warre. 
&. Valor. 10. Resdhilbn. 11. Honor. It. Trntb^ 
13. Tme. 14. Death. 15. Faith. 16. Feane. These 
aire written in a strata of antithesis and paradox^ 
▼ery pretaAeirt at thai period, with the writers of 
Es^ys, or Chamcteristics, of which Sir Francis 
Bacon, and Bishoj^ Hall, appear to hmivt been th» 
wiliegt prototypga. llhe tMimmg^ may serve M • 



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specimen of wbat Br eton terms the ^* tiwrelfl ef Mf 

spirit" ' . 

^< Warre. 

" Wdrre is a scourge of the wratli of Go^, wliich 
by famine, fire, or sword, humbleth the 'spirits of 
the repentant, trjeth the patience of the faithful!, 
MMlliMMkieth the hearts of the ungodly. ^* It is the 
misery of time, and the terror of nature ;,tbe dis- 
peopling of the earth, and the i:uine of hir beauty. 
Hir life is action; hir food, bloud; hir honour, 
Talo'r; and hir joy, conquest. Shee is valor's ex- , 
ercise, and honor's adventure ; reason's trouble, 
and peace's enemy ; shee is the stout man's Ipye, 
and the weake man's feare ; the poore man's toile, 
and the rich man's plague : shee is the armourer's 
benefactor, and the ehirurgeon's agent; the coward's 
ague^ and the desperate's overthrow : she is the wish 
of envy, the plague <^ them that wieliihir, the 
shipwraqke of life, and the agent for death. The 
bestof hir is, that shee is the seasoner 6f the body 
and the manager of the/minde, for the ihduring of 
labor, in the resolution of action. ^ Shee thunders in 
the aire, rips up the earth, ct^s thorough the seas, 
and consumes with the fire« Shee is indeed the 
invention of malice, the worke of misdkiefe^ the 
musique of hell, and the dailnce of'tbe^vill.' Shee 
makes the end of youth: untilmely^ .and of a^, 
wretched ; the citie's sacke and the cotihtrie's beg* 
gery. Shee is the ca^taine's pride, and. the- capti vers 
sorrow ; the throat' of bloud, and tiie grave of flesh« 
ghee is the woe' of .the world, the punishment of 
siiine, the passage of danger, and thetmessenger df 
destruction. Sbe^ is. the wilBe maa's warnings and 



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97 

the C00W& paimeat ; tbe godlj man's griefe, and the 
mcked man's game. In summe^ so many are lier 
woundes, so moriall her cures, so daungerous her 
course, and so devilish her devises, that I will wade 
no further in her rivers of bloud, but only thus 
conclude in her description : — she is God's curse, 
and man's misery; hell's practise, and earthe's 
hell."* T.P. 

ARr.Diy. A Discourse of Life attd Death. WriUm 
in French bjf Phil. Momay. Done in Engttsh by 
the Countessc of Pembroke. London: Printed for 
W. Ponsonbjf. 1600. limo. 

Of ^ Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother,'* Col* 
lins, in bis Memoirs of the Sidnejfs / Ballard, in his 
Account of Learned Ladies; and almost evety sub* 
sequent Biograjdier, have afforded an interesting 
account. , The publication here cited, is not less 
estimable than rare : and having omitted to intro- 
duce any extract from it in the late edition of Rojfal 
and Noble Authors^ for the sake of interweaving 
poetic specimes ; I take the present occasion of ex* 
hibiting her Ladyship's elegant and forcible style in 
prose, from the exordium to this translation. 

^^ It seemes to me strange, and a thing much to 
be marveiled, that the laborer to repose himselfe 
hasteneth as it were the course of the sunne; that 
die mariner rowes with all force to attaine the port, 
and with a joyfull crie salutes the descried land ; 
that the traveller is never quiet nor content, till he 
be at the end of his voyage; and that we, in the 
roeane while, tied in this world to a perpetuall taske, 

* It has been since reprinted in Arckaka, 
VOL. VI, H 



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;96 

toiaed With coiitinaiall tempdst^ tyred- with a rougli 
. joid combersome waj, cannot jet see the end of our 
labouribtit wHh griefe, nor behold our port but with 
teare?, nor approach our home and quiet abode bat 
with borrour and tremUing* This life id but a 
Pei^lope*S)web) wherein we are always doing and 
iindoing; a sea open to an winds, which,- sMietime 
rwithin, sometime without, never cease to torment \ 
*4ia$ a weawe j o urney th i o ug h extreanre heat{( and 
., C0ld4 o^^w h^ mipftntaines, steepe rockes, and 
< ihptvifihv deserta. And eo we teirme it, in weaving 
t^t^Ufl. wleh,ui >rowingat this oare, in passing this 
miserable way. Yet loe, when death comes to end 
'Oupr< worke; when dbe &qtretcheth out herarmesto 
fxjiA a.8 into ^he port; when, after so many dangerous 
pass^gi^s^ and Iqthsotne lodgings, she would oonduct 
us to qur trvie.hj^Dfie and re^tingrpl^^^e : in ataade of 
rejoycing at th,e, eij^ of our labpur, of taking caanfort 
at the sight of pur land, of singing ^>t the aprproch of 
our hippie n^ctni^on; we would fiune (who wo<dd 
beleeve itO retake ojjr worke in hand, we would 
^gain hoise saile to the wipd, i|nd willingly under- 
take our journey anew. No. more.l/ieis remember 
we our paines; our shipwrack^ and daggers are 
forgotten : we feare po more the travailes nor the 
theeves* Coptrariwise, we appr^ejnd death as an 
. extreame paine,, we doubt it as a rocke^ we Aie iltas 
. a tfaiefe. We do a^ little children, who ^all the Aiy 
complaine, and when the medicine is: brought them, 
axe no longer sick^ ; as they who all the w^eke 
long runne up anddowne the streetes with, painiEtiof 
the teeth, and seeing the barber comming to pull 
th^m out, feele no more paine. We feare more the 



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9§ 

cifTp than the disease^ the surgeon than t|ie paioe. 
We have more sense of the medicine's bitterneasei 
soone gone, then of a bitter langoishing, long 
continued ; more feeling of death, the end of our 
miseries, than the endlesse miserie of our life. We 
fear that we ought to hope for, and wish for that we 
ought to feare." 

Though not printed till 1600, the last leaf of the 
Yolume is dated " Wilton, the 13 of May, 1590." 

T. P. 



Art. D V. Eo-owtov B»<n\ixov : or a Kenmng^Glusie 
Jbr a Christian King. Taken out of the 19 Ch^ter 
of the Gospell of Saint John, the 5 verse, in these 
words, ^ Behpid the man /" and treated on hy WiU. 
Thome, Deant of Chichester, and his Majesties 
HakrHthreader in the Universitie of Oxford. Fc- 
hasenneh Bogner Baesh Vehasenneh. Veelleshe* 
moth S. 2. At London, Inqninted by R. R. Jbr 

• John Harrison, dwelKng in Patemoster'powe, at 
' the signe of the Anchor. 1003. ISmo. 

* The learned author of this discourse was Tjorn 
at Semelej in Wifts, and (according to Wood) * had 
His grammatical education at Winchester, and his 
academical one in New Coll. Oxon. of which he 
became perpetual fellow in 1587. In 1598 he was 
constituted Hebrew-professor in that universitj^^ and . 
was afterwards promoted to the deginery of Chi- 
cjiester'; at which time (adds his biographer) he was 
reputed eminent, not only for his incomparable 
s'kill jh the oriental sacred tongues, by Drusius and 

* Athen. Oxon. 1. 546. 
H 2 



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100 

otbers, but unmaichable also for other learning. He^ 
died Feb. 13, 1629. 

Wood thinks, from report, that he had written 
«* other things ;'* bat his " Rhetor," * with the pre- 
sent publication were all he had seen, and to the 
latter he, assigns an erroneous date. It would seem 
to have been penned soon after the accession of 
James to the English throne, and is inscribed to 
that puissant Prince, in a dedication, which being 
intermixed with salutary admonition, maj furnish 
an extract more acceptable perhaps than the lecture 
itself. 

<^ As thou art a Christian, so this is a common 
glasse to thee, O King, with all other Christians. 
As thou art a King, so doth it more properlie con- 
cerne thee : as well, for that a King is to compute 
unto God for each Christian soule in his whole 
commonweale, as that the whole coinmon-weale is 
naturally conformed unto thecustomes of her King : 
and therefore of choise I consecrate it unto thy 
Christian and kinglie calling. Accept then^ in good 
part, most gracious King, this thy poore scholler's 
prsesent Christus tibi liber exemplaris est. I have 
given thee, saith Christ, an example. He is an 
everlasting example for thee : imitate him, and thy 
subjects will imitate thee. He is a most exemplar 
states-booke for thee: reade him, and thy sub* 
jects will reade thee. He is a Mirrour of Ma' 
gistrates for thee, a Kenning-Gtmse for Kings: 
as3imilate thy selfe unto him, and thy subjects wilt 
assimilate themselves unto thee : and this if tfa« 
piBce and use of this Glasse. 

♦ Set I^erbert't Ames M. 1406. 



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101 

^ James the minor, saith one^, ^as verjr like 
Christ in face : and for that cause especially, the said 
writer surmifleth^ he was caUed the Lords brother. 
I dispute not of the one or the other, oiF or on. It 
seems he was well seen in this spiritoall glasse : 
else, whence in his face are those rajes of virtues? 
— his HumiRtie? for he was called James the lesse: 
his justice? for he was called James the just: his 
all manner of virtues ? for so I suppose when Christ 
said unto him — ^ Leame of me, for I am liumble 
and meeke;' he learned him, with humilitie, aU 
manner of virtues. 

^^ GUmmI King, will it please thee to consider, Aot 
sleightly, as did that man in Saint James bis naturaU 
face^ but seriouslie, thy spirituall face in this Glasse^ 
as Saint James did? Wilt thou compare and compose 
the cariage of thy whole life accordinglie ? Thy 
greatnesse must vouchsafe to do then, as this James 
the minor, as this James the just did. Thou must, 
out of thy justice distributive, go on in God^s name,^ 
as thou hast begun. Thou mnst^^ajust Steward, t 
divide squallie, to thy selfe thine owne, to the 
common-weale her owne, to the church her owne, 
impartiallie, without acceptation of persons. Thou 
must scouige all monopoly-*mongers, and such like 
monsters, out of thy common-weale, as Christ did 
those money-changers out of his church. Thou 
must suppresse all church-robbing, Christ-robbing 
Satans, suggesting thee — So sweete is the bread of 
Christ, and a daintie foode for Kings. Te be a 
fiither unto the iatherlesse, an husband to the wi- 

* Ludolph.de vitm Jesu Christi. Pars. ii. c. 59. 
f A biblical pun upon tli^ roonarch's snrnwne. 



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dowes, a foster-fkther unto the church of Christ, 
h^ tibi erunt artes — here is \faj glorie, O King, si 
Justus imperas, If thou fulfill the royall lawe." 

T. P. 



Art, DVI. The Mahumetane or Turkish Historye^* 
S^. 8^» Translated from the French and Italian 
tongues hy R. Carry of the Middle Temple^ in 
JLondon^ Gentleman. London: Printed hy Tho' 
mas Estey^ dwelling in Aldersgate street. 1600. 

" /. S. to his kind friend R. C. ^ 
** The well-fed paunch, sound ^leepes, and proud 
attire, 
Fk-om face of men Iratb banisht virtue quite ; 
Wbepeby the course of Nature's free desire' 
Is cleane corrupt by Custooie's foute despite. 

So every light is spent which gratious Heaven 
Assign'd this life our staggering steppes to stay. 

That now a worthie wonder it shall ^eertie. 
If anyone shall glorious actes assay. 

' The lawrell wittes reward, the mirtle eloquent, 
Drown*d in contempt with faire Philosophici 
The gayning people hould for time niispent, f 
And few folkes feete the strayter path doe trie : 
Yet, gentle friend, let mee of you require," &c. 

^ C. S. to his huing Cosin and good friend R. C 

" I speake no praysc to thee, my Cosen kinde, 
(For well of auglit I know you seeke no prayse) 
But joy to see that these out better dayes 

Shall be adornd with beauties of thy minde. 

• See Herbett's Typographical Antiquitiei, Vol. IL p. 1021. 



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103 

how I feard thy modest thoughts iodiode 
To sit in silence, muaiBg mouroiog layse. 
In scorne.of fame and-all that honour rayse 

Would drown the parts which Heaven to thee assigned, 

1 know thy worth, Sc so shall many raoe, 

(Unlesse thyself and many moe thou wrong) 
And since begoone to sit thyselfe in shoe, u^, 

Bring out thy store, in darknesse hid too long ; 
Nor doubt not aught, for if (as earst) I see. 
That pleasith others which once pleaseth mee.'^ 

" H. M. to his friend R. C, 

" No little glorie gaine they, I confesse, 
Who fiflie forreine tongues our language teach; 
Yet he far more deserves without impeach 

His ownebraines birth, who well dyd e'er express. 

Then, gentle friend^ make you yourselfe not lesse 
To post us frcnch and latin in our speach. 
But broach those quieres of rare conceit and reach. 

Which I have seen most worthie of the presse. 

Those love sick sonets, those pleasing comedies. 
Which oft with much attention I have heard : 

That riche disoowrse where loue in louing dies. 
And, of all wittes, those paradoxs prefer^. 

O let this age but some of these behold. 

And prayse thy pen writ in a veyne of gold/' 

'^ The answer to his friend i?. M. 

" My dearest friend, I willingly confesse 
That I whose life should lead and teach. 
And not devoide of blame and foule impeach. 

Which O, I would no tongue could ere expresse! 



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104 

Now, for I have myselfe in worth tirade lesse,' 
To stale a fable to the public speacb* 
Is*t not enough ; but that I further reach 

To blase my follies in a printing presse ? 

No padone, no, both sOnges and comedies, 

^nd what besides pleasing applause hath heard 
Without remorse in their creation, dies : 
. To byrth and buriall rites at once preferrd. 
To much of these dyd men in me behold, 
O would time past c*^. be regained with gold V R. C* 



Art. DVIL The Art of lugling or Legerdemaine. 
Wherein is deciphered^ all the conuej/ances of Le* 
gerdemaine and lugling^ how they are effected Sf 
wherein they chiefly consist. Cautions to beware 
of cheating at Cards and Dice; the detection of 
the beggerly art of Alcumistry^ 8f the foppery of 
foolish cousoning charmes; all tending to mirth 
and recreation^ especially for those that desire to 
haue the insight and priuate practise thereof By 
S. X. Quod naua testm capit Inueterata sapit. 
Printed at London for T. B. and are to bee solde 
by Samuel Randy neere HoWorne^bridge. 1618. 
4/0. 34 hones. 

The title of this tract has made it repeatedly 
considered as written by Robert Greene, an error 
evident by the following introduction. 

^ To the ingeniovs gentleman^ and my lotting father^ 
Mr. William Bvbb. 

This short conceipt, that I haue writ of late. 
To you kind father Bvbb, 1 dedicate. 



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105 

Not that I roeane beereby (good sir) to teach^ 
For I confesse, year skili'ft beyond my reach : 
But since before with me much time yoo spent. 
Good reason then, first fruits I tbooid present : 
That thankefal! Bh-d, * that leaves one young behinde, 
Ensamples me to beare a thankefull minde : 
Vngratefiill he, that thankes can not repay 
To him, that bath deserti'd it enery way : 
Accept (kinde sir) my loue, that being doone, 
I aske no more, desii^ no other boone. 
Yoor lo. Sonne in all loue, 

Sa.Rid." 

^^ To hii loving friend and adopted tonne^ Mr. So* 
Rid. 

" Most Wobthy Sonne, 
^^ Your kbour and ob^eruance herein^ with the 
gift of your first firuits, is both worthy commenda- 
tions and acceptance : and to cherrish you further 
in this your discouery, I will giue an addition to 
your second treatise. So I leaue you to Grod, and 
belieue you, not a more loiung friend then 

William BtJBB."t 

^^ To the curteous Header. There goeth a prety 
fable of the moone. On a time she earnestly be- 
sought her mother to prouide her a garment comely 

and fit for her body: how .can that bee, sweete 

\ 

* « The nature of this bird is, that building her nest vnder the 
coner of bouses (as the swallow doth with ts) leaues erer behiude 
her for the owner of the bouse, one young one in token of her 
thankfulnesse : and as I may say, for pawne of her rent." 

f Prefixed to '* Greene's Metamorphosis" are eighteen lines 
addressed to the avthovr, bis friend," with the signature of " Bubh, 
Gent*' 



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* V 



106. 

daughter, (quotK the mother) sith that jjrour body 
neuer keep^s it selfe at one staje^ nor at one cer-^ 
taine estate, but changeth euery day in. the month, 
nay euery houre : the application heerepf nedes pu> 
interpretation : fantesieand foolery who can pleaae, 
and desire who. can humour^ no camelion changeth 
his cuUour as affection ; nor any thing so variable 
a Populus Chorus Fltmius. — Let su^h as will needes 
barke at the moone ydl till their hearts ake : Oenfle 
and Gentlemen's spirits, wil take all kindley that is 
kindly presented. Yours in loue, S! R."' 

It is probable this is not the first edition of this 
work, or the " first fruits** of the author'^ peH, a^c- 
cording to the language ^f his adopted father, and 
which appears at the commencemtnt of-the dis- 
sertation^ 

" The art of lugling or Legerdemaine. Hereto- 
fore we haue runne ouer the two pestiferous car- 
buncles, in the common wealth, the Egyptians and 
common.^ai|ters ; the poore canters we haue can- 
vassed meetely well; it now remains to proceed 
whe^e I left, and to goe forward with that before I 
promised : St. Quintane be my good speede, I know 
1 hdoe runne thorow the hands of many, censured 
ofdiu^lrs, Sc girded at not of a fi^w: butbumasity 
is ener willinger to Ic^vethen hate: ciurtesie mudi 
forwarder to commel|(Bd then, dispraise : clemency 
infinitely proner to anbplue then to ccTdemn. Is it 
not possible to find sauery hearbs amcTg nqtles, roses 
among prickles, bei^if'ies among bushes, marrow 
among bones, grain among stubble, and a little come 
among a great deale of chafie I In the rankest and 
stronj^est poysons, ^ure and sweet balmes may be 



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I(f7 

distilled, and some matter or other worthy to be 
i^membei^d may be embraced wbosoeuer is author. 
There is nothing so exceeding foolish but hath bene, 
defended by some wise man, nor any thing so 
passing wise, but hath bene confuted by some foole t . 
tut, St. Barnard saw not all things, and the best cart 
may eflsoones ouerthrow. That curFd-pate Rufus 
that goes about with Zoylus to carpe and finde 
fault, must 'bring the standard of iudgment wiUt 
him, and make wisdome the moderator of his wit, 
. otherwise they may be like to purchase to tbem« 
selues the worshipfull names of Duaces and Dotti** 
poles. So much by the way.'' 

Various tricks performed with balk and boxes by 
jugi^ers are set forth, bat they are not confined to 
the board of amus^nent; the frauds and artifice of 
ne&rious characters are described as ^^ how to lell 
where a stolne horse is beoooie. By means of com 
federally Cuihb^t Conycalcher, and One Swart 
KaAter, two that haue taken degrees in Whittii^<i 
ton college, a1)ttsed notably the country people) 
&c." 

' Under thei head of Alchimy is the story from 
Chaucer '' how an Alcumister oonsoned a priest,'' 
and a conrersation firom Petrarch to the same point. 
The Egyptians are stated to have gathered head in 
the southern parts of England about 90 Hen. VIII. 
and that Giles Hather and Kit Calot were known 
as the King and Queen. The act of Philip and 
Mary divided their bands or companies into various 
parts, forming in number about two hundred rogues 
and vagabonds in a regiment, many of whom suffered 
under the act, whence they took the awie of poor 



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108 

people, and held their meetings occasionally at the 
Devir&r arse, a peak in Derbyshire, and at Ketbrooke 
by Blackheath. Upon the revival of the statute 
in the SOth of Elizabeth they were distributed, when 
some turned pedlars, some tinkers, and some 
jliglers. 

An amusing story of an Egyptian ass that did 
many curious tricks seems a prelude to introduce 
the following relati6n of a learned horse, (probably 
alluding to Bankes's) ^' at this day to be seene in 
London; hi^ master will say, sirrah, heere be diuers 
gentlemen, that haue lost diuers things, and they 
heare say that thou canst tell them tydings of them 
where they are; if thou canst, prethee shew thy 
cunning and teU them; then hurles he down a 
handkercher or a gloue that he had taken from the 
parties before, and bids him giue it the right owner, 
'Which the horse presently doth, and inany other 
pretty feates this horse doth, and some of those 
trickes as the asse before mencioned did, which not 
one among a thousand perceaues how they are 
done, nor bow he is brought to learne the same ; 
and note that all the feates that this horse doth, is 
altogether in numbering; as for ensample, his 
master will aske him how many people there are in 
the room ? The horse will pawe with his foote so 
many times as there are people: and marke, the 
eye of the horse is alwaies vpon his master, and as 
his master moues, so goes he or stands still, as he 
is brought to it at the first : as for ensample his 
master will throw you three dice, and will bid the 
horse tell how many you or he have throwne, then 
the horse pawes with his foote whiles his master 



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i09 

stands dtone still ; then when his master sees he hath 
pawed so manj as the first dice shews it selfe, then 
he lifts up his shoulders and stirs a little ; then he 
bids him tell what is on the second die, and then of 
the third die, which the horse will doe accordingly, 
still pawing with his foote vntill his master sees he 
hath pawed jnough, and then stirres, which the 
horse marking, wil stay and leaue pawing, and note, 
that the horse will paw an hundred times togetheC| 
vntill he sees his master stirre ; and note also that 
nothing can be done, but his master must first know, 
and then his master knowing, the horse is ruled bj 
him hj signes. This if jou marke at anj time you 
will plainly perceaue." 

The author concludes with the following satirical 
address conveyed in a vein of low humour much 
practised by the pamphleteers of that period. ^' Now 
that we are come to our journie's end, let vs sit 
downe and looke about us, whether we are al sones 
of one fiither, if there be no knaues among us. St. 
Boniface light me the candle, who doe 1 see ? What, 
the lustie lad of the Myter, that will binde boares, 
and ride his golden asse to death but he will haue 
his will : Birlady, birlady^ sir, you of all the rest 
are most welcome ; what, how doth your stbmack 
after your carrowsing banquet I What gorge upon 
gorge, egges vpon egges, and sack upon sack, at 
these yeares? By the faith of my body sir you 
must prouide for a hot kitchen against you growe 
olde, if you mean to liue my yeares : but happy the 
fiither that begot thee, and thrise happy the nurse 
that fostered such a toward younker as thyself thou 
bast a superficial twang of a little something : an 



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no 

Italian ribald can nM vomit out tbe infe<^ons of 
the worid, but tfaon, my pretty Juuenall, an English 
horrell lorrell, must lick it up forirestoratiue^ & 
putrifiethy gentle broths ouer against thee, with 
the vilde impostumes of thy lewd corruptions : God 
bless good mindes from the black enemy 8ay I. I 
know yon hauebene prying like the deuill from east 
to west, to heare what newes; I. will acquaint thee 
with some, & that a secret distillation before t^oU 
goest. He that drinketh oyIe.Qf prickes shall baue 
much adoe to auoyd sirrope of roses; and he that 
^teth nettles for prouender, hath a priuilc^ge. to 
pifise vpon lillies for a litter, i prethee ^weete 
natures darling insult not ouermuch vpon qqiet 
men^ a worme that is trodden vpon wiU tnrne 
againe, ai)d patience loues not to be made a cart of 
Croyden. I doe begin with thee noW| but if J see 
ih^e not mend thy conditions, He tell you another 
tale shortly, thou shalt see that I can doo't ; I could 
bring in my author to tell thee to thy fiioe, that ^e 
)iath found thee a foole in retaile ; thou seest sim* 
plicity can not double, nor plaine dealing cannot 
dissemble, I could wish thee to amend tiiy life and 
take heade of the Beadle. 

ViEile qui ridiculose b«c legeria. 

" Finis." 

J.H. 



Art. DVIII. A treatise named Ijocasolace^ devided 
intofower booTces^ which in part are collected out of 
diujsrse authors in diuerse languages^ and in pari 
deuised by Cyprian Lvcar^ gentleman. The con* 



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Ill 

tenti 6f the ioid fewer hookes are dtcka^edin the 
sixt page. Dkpares mores disparia dtudta se* 
quuntur. Tra sepolto te^o, & occulta sapieiica, 
non si conosce alcuna differeoza. [Printer's de- 
vice] Imprinted at London by Richard Pkld for 
lohn Harris^Uy and are to be sold at bis,shofk in 
Paules Church yardaJk the signe of the Oreyhound^ 
1590. 4to. pp. 168. 

Dedicated <^ To the Right WorsMpfvH bis 
brother-in-law, Maister WillkuB Roe, Esqrier, an4 
Alderman Of the honorable eitie of London," and 
devised rather to profit ^^ friendes and louing conn*- 
trien^n, then to (deese the eaies of the eloquent 
rethoritian ofs curious schooleraan, for as a lofty 
and long discourse that Will make of a molehill a 
mountaine, and of an emmit an elephant, is a. thing 
irkesome vnto them which desire plainnesse and 
couet breutie, so a plaine «ense with truth arid 
hartie affection vttered to friend is roost allowable." 
Dated ^^ from my house in London the 1 day of 
May in the yeare of the creation of the world 5S5S, 
and' in the yeare of ouri^demption, 1590. Your 
lotting brother^in-^law Cyprian. Lvcar." . 

The woric is principally on the art of measuring, 
. ^nd in. addition to every page having geometrical 
lines and angles,^ are several folding plates* In obe 
is a representation of a. '^ kinde of squirt made to 
holde an hoggeshed of water," for the purpose of 
extirpating fires, and appears no.t improbably the 
' origin of the engines now in general use. 

Art. piX. A short and plaine dialogve concerning 
the vnlawfulnes of playing at cards or Tables ^ or 



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lit 

any Mer game consisting in chance ; cffered to the 
reHgums consideration of all such as make con- 
science of all their zpaies. 1 Thessal. v. SI. Trie 
all tilings and keepe that xohkh is good. Imprinted 
at London for Richard Boile. 12mo. eight leaves. 

By the epistle addressed '^ to the Right Wor- 
shipfvU Master Lionel Maddison, Maior, the Alder- 
mep, bis brethren, and the godljr Burgesses of 
Newcastle vpon Tine ; lames Balmford wisheth the 
lungdome of God and bis righteousnesse that other 
things may be ministred vnto them;" and which 
concludes ^^ if magistrates, who should not carrie 
the sword in vaine would doe what they may by 
law^ to banish these forbidden past-times, or rather 
lost-times, I doubt not but that preaching and 
writing against them would more mightily preuaile; 
and this good would come of it, many would applie 
themselves to better exercises, there would bee 
lesse time mispent in alehouses and God lesse pro- 
uoked to displeasure against vs. But these things I 
referre to the consideration of the wise, and this 
my dialogue to the iudgement of the godlie, chiefly 
to you, whose good I wish especially. Farewell, 
from my studie the first of lanuarie 1593." The 
work condemns dice, cards, tables, and all games of 
chance or lottery with many scriptural allusions in 
proof of their unlawfulness. 

Art. DX. A treatise concerning the right vse and 
ordering of Bees; newlie made and set forthy ac* * 
cording to the author* s owne experience: (which 
hy any heretofore hath not been done). By Ed^ 



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fnundlSoafHemey Geni. Better late than neuer. 
f Printer'g derice of two hands clasping, &c. 
Herbert^ 124C.] Imprinted at London hy Thomat 
(hurinfoT Thomas Woodcdcke^ dwelling in Paulei 
Church yard at the signe of the Blacke Beare. 1593. 
tto. 17 hofoet. 

^ An Episde Dedicatorj << to the Right WorAip. 
foil Mistres Margaret Astley,* wife to John Attley, 
vfisqujer. Master and Treasurer ef her Maiestie'i 
leweb and Plate, and .Gentleman of her Highnesae 
Prlnie Chamber.*^ Followed by an address <^ to jthe 
reader." 
' The treatise is divided under various heads, and 
concludes with the fcdlowing story. 

^' I remember once there was a gentleman, a very 
friend of miae, which had good sk^e 6f bees, vata 
whcjm the parson (who yet liueth, and I feare is 
one of M^tin Malapert's house) came and cfe* 
manded tythe bees. Tythe bees (quoth the gmitle- 
maa) I neuer yet payd any, neither is it the cus* 
tome in this parish, and I am loth to be the irst 
that shaU^ring it vp, and yet I am very willing to 
pay my due ; honey, money and. waxe, you shall 
haue with bI my heart, but bees cannot be told, 
therefore how shall I pay them. Told or told not,, 
(quolh the parson) or due or due not, I will haue 
the tenth swarme, and you were best bring them 
heme to my house. Why, then I might deceive 
you (quoth the gentleman) aud bring you a castling, 
or an after-swarme fpr a whole swarme. Well 

* Who WAS buried at Maidstone in Kent, 1601 $ see Oent^ Ma|. 
Vol. LVn.p.d4e. 

TOL. VI. I 



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(ciuQt]h the i(arsofi).til|e hofify, o^onpj, »fi4 waxc 
ghall make ameiids fof 4ha^. B^t joi^ 4^11 nfuer 
h^e pjpofite of tb^ I](^8>if tfefly be castjingci^ (qyoth 
the g^atleman) wliicih I brips y<^.' '^t ^^n^^nrnt^r 
foctbat^ (qijolbUrf Pf^r8oi0^briii8rt|^ef%#i^» Ipjfaj 
you. Well it shall be done (quoth the^g:^ii|t]eqifm). 
It fortuned within two dates the gentleman had a 
g^eat swarnie) Ae. which he put into a hiiie/ And 
towards night carried them borne to the parsdh^ 
hoiiseytbe parson with bis wife and ^milie he fbutid 
at suf^per io a ,faire hall, the gentteiban saluted 
th^, apd' tbldi.the pareron he had brought him 
some bees. I marj (quoth the parson) this is neigb^ . 
bottrly done, I jmiy you carrie them into my ganfen. 
Nay, by my troth (quoth the gentleman) I will 
leaue^tbem euen^iere. With that he gaue the hiue 
a^l^at knocke ajfaiost the ground^ and all the beea 
^imout, some stuitg the parson, some his wife, and 
some his cbildr^ amd fiimilie, and out they run^ 
as fa&t as they could into a chamber, and ^ell wat 
he oould make.& shift for him^elfe leauing their 
meate vpQ» the table in the hall. The gentlemafit 
wenf:. hone, ^oarryiikg his emptie hiue With himv' 
On the negct moraiiig th^ bee$ were fiHind in ai 
quickset hedge by a pooire miin, who since hath bad* 
good ppofite of them, and i^ yet lining. Within^ 
foure dales aft^r the geifttleitian was cited to appear^ 
beftre the ordinary ; who; when he came, demaunded 
why b^ had used the parson after that ifaanen 
Why sir^ (quoth the gentleman) I fa^ue not miisi^sed': 
ham to my knowledge. No, (quoth the parson) did' 
you not make you^ bees sting me and all my folke%? 
Not T, (quoth the gentleman) but you wpfild iif$c|^, 



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bMe a tvnjrrte «f beel> tlie wbfcB^ I Inrouglit j^ti 
home aceortBti'g to yhtxt chfVie reqtteAst, ^iiB UiVhi 
ye^r ban, und since I sawe tti^m not. f bu t ((juoSi 
tb^ ordfosryy^ wby diil 7<>^ ootlettbeto d&n€^ hi tiie 
biue? So I would (quotb tbe gebtleman)^ they 
bad been in mitie own garden. Why.didjou m>t 
let tl|e parson baue the biue? (qnpth the orcUnarj)^) 
f could not spare it (quoth the |;enUenian)) for l^ 
bought my biue in the market^ and I am siure, as , 
couetous as he is, he can baue no tytbe of that which , 
I buy in the market according to the English lawes ; 
but I did b^ bis bees as be willed me, and as I baue 
dope by all his other tytbes, which I baue euer left • 
in bis ball, and so I did these, and yet there was no 
bees euer demaunded for tythes in our parish till 
now, and besides, the statute for tjrthes in this case 
prouided is on my side, but honey, money and waxe 
he shall baue with a good will. And that is not 
much amisse (quoth the ordinary). So noting the 
drciimstances of every . cause, gaue sentence that 
both of them should stand to their owne chai|^8. So 
they were contented, and afterward became friends, 
and if they doe not well, I pray Grod we may. 
Finis;' 



mi^im 



Art. DXf. A Brief e Chtonotogle' of Ihe Holfe 
ScriptortSy as plalne and easie as mch/ he^ accord^ 
ing to the extent of the seueralt hisloricall Ifookhs 
thereof,^ "comprised first in afem Vefses io a short 
viewe for some' helpe of rhemiorie^ ar(d afierward 
mote particularly lai/d forth arid'expldnect^ for a 
faHh^Hjgh^iatHe tdUfstind pf^ciedSngs of the 
I 2 



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hofy Storky with a tatalogue of Hhe My propheU 
pf Godj Oi Jtouching the tinms wherein thejf pr^ 
phe$ied. Limdan : Printed iy John Hmrison^ 
for Thomoi Mmy 1600, %oo.j^. 77» haides intro^ 



A PROfB address to the reader is subscribed. 
^ Thine in the Lord, R. A.'* Then foUows '< A 
Briefe Chronologie of the Holj Scriptures ; com* 
prised first in a few verses,'* which may entitle the 
writer to a nich among the poets if such an arbitrary 
conclusion can be drawn in his fiivour, when of 
eighteen four-line stanzas not one of them has 
higher pretensions to poetry than the foUbwing 
specimen; 

,*' Sacred Genesis first of all. 

The scripture storie doth contain, ' . 
Of yeers 2 thousands, hundreds three. 
And siztie eight, since world begian,'* 

** Thus times and seasons if thou weigh 

The more exact, the better stay: 
But if thou do this rse neglect. 

The greater skill, the wor^e defect/' 



Abt. DXIL- 7%e Araingmenl of lewde, idle, fro- 
wardy and inconstant women; or the yanitie of 
them, choose you whether. . fVith a Commendacion 
of wise vertuous and honest Women^ Pleasant for 
married men^ profitable for young men, and hurt* 
full to none. London : Printed by Edw. Aide for 
Thomas Archer, and are to be solde at his shop in 
Popo's-head Pallace nere the RoyaU Exchange. 



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117 

1615. [Reprinted for M. Stace, Middle Scbtl^td 
Yard, 1807.] 4/0. ftp. 64. 

Art. DXUL Eiter bath hang'd Haman; or an 
aaiwere to a lewd pamphlet^ ^ntitulnl^ the Arraign' 
ment of Women. With the arraignment of l^ody 
idle^ froward and inconstant men^ and Hvsbands. 
Diuided into two parts ; the first proneth theJRg* 
nity and worthinesse of Women out ofdiuine 7>*tf- 
monies. The second shewing the estimation of the , 
Faminine scxe^ in. ancient and pagan times ; all 
which is acknowledged hy men themselues in their 
daily actions. Written hy Ester Sowernam^ neither 
maidcy wife^ nor widdowe^ yet really all^ and 
therefore experienced to defend all. John^ viii. 7« 
He that is without sinne among you, kt him first 
eiut a stone at her. 

Neque enim lex iu^ticior vlla 
' Quam necis artjficem arte perire sua. 

London ; Printed for Nicholas Bourne^ qnd are 
to be sold at his shop at the entrance of the RoyaU 
jExchangCy 1617. ^lieprinted utsup.] 4/o.|)p.5d. 

The reptrMicatiofi of these rare tracts is witk 
such minute attention to typographic similarity as 
to reader the scarcity of the old copies immateriaK 
To ensure general circulation and accommodate 
tt^ders who feel interested in the manners of society, 
and in ike page of the satirist seek for a trait of the 
age gone by, the reprint is at a price ^t merely 
covers the expense* 

J.H. 



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118 



Art. DXI V. Vienna. Noe arty can cure thU hart. 

Wherein is storied y^ valorous aJtchieuementSj 
- famous ^fiwnpksy eon stant loue^' greaie m iseri es, 
r and Jimll happines^ of the wdl-deseruingy trvly 

mbie^.aHdmostvaHantk^y Sr, Paris of Vietma, and 
./ ye. most admiredamitdfle Princess the f aire Vienna. 

JLbndon: Printed fot Richard Hazokins, qnd are 
.- to he sotdd at his shop neere Sarjeants Inne in 

Chancery lane. 4tto. pp. 180. n.d. 

^ This romtintic novel is considered scarce. The 
above title is engraved by Gifford on a shield, sur- 
'mbunted by a heart and trophy ; the hero and 
lierpine full size, uniting their* hands under the 
•direction of Love, with other devices incident to 
the work, land afterwards minutely described in 
"weight couplets. Four commendatory poems follow 
from the several pens of lo. Mat. and Ralph Egni- 
rawniam, and six l^ines subscribe^ ^^ your kinsman^ 
brother-in-law9 and friend, Richard MynsbuU-" 

From the type it appears to have been printed 
^atly ih the seventeenth century. A character hav- 
ihg' the power of enchantment, so materially neces- 
sary in forming a legitimate romance, is wanting ; 
Jtmt' every page ia pregnant widi adventures and 
^tionsof splendid tournaments and fearful battles^ 
.<>r teems with the wailings of suffering love and 
jyuel disappointment. The feats of Sir Paris are 
^uino^ro'us, and would have entitled him to an honoi^ 
f ary seat at Arthur's round table, had he flourished 
«Jt .tb»t.pi$riQd. The precise time at which the 
author means to place his history |8 the aearert/ 
44c^uined by the following passage. 



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ii9 

« Fbrtotfie, Uiat wajted (tNoQgh yet A fci« off) 
oil P^ris unknowne merit, gave him a befittin|[^ ofe- 
casion (6 doe Yfenna (though atiir covertly) more 
pTeasIn^ arid more glorious service. For ther6 had 
lately Ihine out in the French court a great conten* 
tion, betwitt the native barorig and some sieverall 
noble fbnraigners, that then for their pleasures 
'followed that court in honour bP the king. The 
controversy was, whether wafe most fairer or th^ 
more verttious of these three ladiies; Valentia, the 
great Duke of Bourbon^s daughter; Vienna, the 
Dauphin^s sole heyre of Viennbys ; or the Lady 
Margaret, sister to the ICirig of fengland/' . To de- 
cide this important question the French King 
^^ commanded that a solemne and royall tusts (in. 
honour of ,the three lad|es) should be proclaimed 
throughout all his kingdome to be holden in Paris, 
at Pentecost following free for all commers." On 
the appointed day ^^ Aurora no sooner shewed her 
morning's blush, but that the Frencfi King, ashamed 
of his slqggishnesse, rose and rid to see the three 
high artificial! mounts, which he had caused to. be 
erected and made for the three ladies to sit on ; who 
no sooner tvere come and placed, but that the Duke 
of Bourbon came marching in'with a rich garland, 
made all of orient pelirle, hanging on a blew banner, 
with his coate of arm^ on the other side, and 
placed it on the moihit belonging to Yalentia, on 
her left aside. Then ibilowed the Daulphii^ of 
Viennois with a rich coller of esses, beset all over 
with rubies, hanging on a white banner, with bis 
armes displayed on the other ^ide, and plac'd it on 
Vienna^s mount, on the right hand of his daughter. 



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Th^n came England's rojall kingi with an imperiall 
crowne of burnisht gold^ set with Indian diamptd* > 
and blew sapl^ira, supported betwixt twprc^U. 
l^ons hanging on a red banner, and placM it on the 
middle mount before his sister the Lady Margaret/^ 
Hither Sir Paris comes disguised, and, as customaiy, 
triumphs in obtaining the crown of artificial lilies to 
be placed on Vienna's head ^^ for sole and soveraigne 
Queene of absolute and matchlesse beauty." 

The narrative has, occasionally, an attempt at 
humour, or Wit, by an artificial or garbled language , 
of ha\f puns, in a quibbling repetition of words of 
similar sound, but varied meaning. There are some 
pieces of poetry interspersed, of which the following 
is suiBcient specimen. 

" Sleepe, sfeepe, O sleepe ! sweete lady sifeepe. 
Cloud not your beauty with blacke care; 

Cares doe consume^ griefe hath no gra^e ; 
Your graces griefe, weares beauty bare. 

Then sleepe, O sleepe, sweete lady sleepe. 

Let me, ah me ; your sorrowes keepe. 

Sigh not at all, all is in vaine^ 
In vaine are sighes ; sighes doe confownd ; 
, Times haue their turnes, turoe then your teares. 
Your woe, with, woe my heaict doth wound* 
Then sleepe, O sleepe, sweete lady sleepe, 
You^r slaue alone for you will weepe I 

O cruel 1 dame, Loue*s second choise, 
O choise the change of Nature's loue, 

O Loue forlorne, slaue vnto time. 
O time corrupt, vertues remoue ; 



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121 

^ Wby trouble yo« ber quiet sleepe. 
Since I for ber doe daily weepe. 

Sleepe, tleepe, O sleepc ! faire lady sleepe. 
Your sorrowet baue all sorrowes spent, 

Hope doubt bath slaine, dead is dispaire. 
And Lone will crowne you witb content. 

The» sleepe, O sleepe, sweet lady sleepe. 

No cause tbere is why you should weepe."" 

In the title are two small shields, one haying a 
blazing star dexter chief and nine cross crosslets, 
pearl; the other two bars surmounted with a lo* 
senge, and alluded to in the last couplet describing 
thp title: 

** If that the barres were red and squtch'd on wbite^ 
The coate would show who did this story write.^ 

At the cosdcnion of the story is another cout>let 
which, in an iEnigma, gives the namei as I conceive, 
of Man-war-ring.1^ 

** The image of God, the wrath of Mars, and pledge 

of nuptiall rites. 
Records his name, that for his friend, this triviall toy 

did write." 

The friend was, probabablj, his brother-in-law, 
Mjnsfiull, whose lines finish 

" with thankes -for this thy well wrote story. 

Though mime it i$; yet thine shall be the glory." 

J.H. 



* The ftraof e lifnAture to the first three indaction poems re* 
▼ersed (Mtujtwmingt) appears to establish this waggmtion of the 
author's name. 



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Art. DX V. Meditations' and Ptdiersj gdtfrerid Hut 
of the sacred letters and tertuous , writers : disposed 
in fourme of the Alphabet of the Queen^^ her mBst 
excellent Maieslie^s Name. Whereunto are added 
comfortable consofations (drawen cut oftke LmthO 
to afficted mindes. 

*^ Multae tribulationes Jostoniiiiy et de otanibos Ifterabit 
eos Dominus.*' Psal. xxxiv. 

•* The head of vertue is the feare of God, which goetb 
with the chosen wonian^ aod is knoweo of the rightuoui 
and faithful! : She filleth the whole house With her 
ritche giftes, and the garners with her treasure/' 

£cCLK. 1. 

Imprinted at London, in Fleetestreaty by Henry 
Wykes. No date. b. I Svo. exttn^Mg to Kk 
folding in fours. 

At tfae Udc of tiie iiHe is the foUoiifuig aerbBlik. 

B. ** Electc by WW of mighlife fov# 

in royall roumth to Bifte, 
L. LtTtDge jo chaste Diana's lawe, 

with sacred Sabas witte, 
I. luno dismaide with stately rule, 

hath yeelded heavenly mace i . 
Z. Zenobia serves^ wise Pallas sues; 

iUIre Vehus seekes ber grace. 

A. Apollo with bis heavenly dome 

watites ivisedome tb clt£ne : 

B. Biniltd If shee be to Nature's hrwe; ^ 
T • or if shee be divine, 

£• Empiringe us unworthy wightes, 
whode gratitude male gaiue, 
T. Thai our renowmed Elizabeth, 
H. Here Nestor's yceres male rayne."' 



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m 

The dedic^on and tbis rhjrine adilreflsed to Elisa- 
beth are io cbaracter.with an ^^ old courtier of the 
.Queen's/' The writers of tht^t period etnuk^ed to 
jKHir forth adulatory incense, overstrained compli* 
jnents, and the most ridiculous panegyrics imagina- 
tion could devise. With our author, Sir John 
Comvajr, Knight, the fashion of the times appears 
only a secoadaiy motive, for the bombastic strain 
^f flattery,. carried through the dedication, is inter- 
.woven, in every sentence, with proclaiming hit 
xiim leyaUy and assertii^ his innocence of the 
xbaqpe for whidi he was then suffering, impriso^^ 
fWBut h a qireumstanoe upnotifed >ia the bri^ me- 
moirs of ifi/e author in my po ssession. The crioie 
should seem of no small m^gtiitude by the severity 
of his cqnfinement, during which, this work wa^ 
^' gi^thgred withput pen or paper/' heingi as be 
pother dMGttfely states, written on his trendi^ 
^' witb leatby pensell of leade." ^ 

. From the diedicatioa the extracts are rather long^ 
AS beii^ the most curious plirt of the voluine ; it is 
^^ To the bighe, puissant, r^moumed princesse of al 
vertue, our moste redoubted Soveraigne L^ci^ ^^ 
zabeth,of Ei^laBd, Fmu^ce^ andlrebuid^ Queen^ 
Defepdour of the Qbri^ian Faitbe ; your Maiestie's 
trew and loy^U servant^ John Conwaye, prayeth all 
tbinges be9eeminge the height of your royall desen^ 
imperiall crpwne, and dreadful! digoitie." 

" Prayer,"* says the author, ;*^ deckinge man's 
brickie bo^y. In glory," &c. ^' with able force to 
encounter the wicked s^rpeDt, against whose malig- 

* This strange latnguage the Editor preteads^not to understand. 



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134 

nities, ne the heavenly gtftes of prudehte skill) and 
leaminge are shrined in rojaleeat of your unspotted 
life, associate with moste lowely: nature the true 
victors of regall renowne, exercisinge eche vertue 
in proper kinde, that iustly-niaie procure you ever* 
lastihge rewarde of undenied battaile : so under 
bulwarke of those angelical beauties, pearsinge 
higheste poincte of starry firmatnente, and mounte I 
saie of heavenly humilities, universally resoundinge 
all Europe, and n^aking Englande specially blessed : 
am imboldened'to lay before your Highnes these 
Woordes of Salomon, &c.— Great is the force of 
prayer to a Prince th^t loveth it, greater to him 
that useth it, greatest to him that needeth it: 
the comforte wliereof (most puisant Prince (holdeth 
ba'cke my over-feebled spirite, from hcfr last 8tepp6 
' t6 that uglye hell of desperation, deeminge there 
was never earst infelicitie in any degree, equaU 
to mtne, whose foes, by sinister suggestions, have 
not onely usifrped the rewarde. of my single in- 
tent and true service, but Zoylus hath stirred the 
ministers of your heavy wrathe against mee, to 
theabandoninge of my desired libertie, suppression^ 
with utter ruine of my poore sequell, and burred 
my half livinge carkas in the grave of deepe forget- 
fblnesse, where my voice is hoarsed with cryinged, 
and my tongue fUinted with uttering the griefe of 
my sprrowfull minde: nodoubte, a iuste scourge 
to the hidden iaulies of my past life : but to the very 
case of my c immittinge, wherein I am wounded, 
maimed, wronged and loste, it needeth a true con* 
fession, and aot a false defense, in any thingeby 
mee thought or donne, to the prejudice of your 



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rojall penoiH crown^ 8tal0| er digAUte, I profesM 
befiNre the Almighty as innoctat as the chiUci unse« 
parate bis mother's iotrayles. Teste seipso, whose 
wrath I crave in judgement to my tho^hts, of mny 
harme to your Higbnesse, wherein amictst my sor* 
rowes, yet I ioye, sithenoe my miseraUe matter 
concerns your Excellencte, and ray jyinishment, at 
your noble pleasure continued or> released, which, 
in weary state, I attende, powringe my pittiftil 
plaintes before the Matestie of the highest, to^dis** 
ac^veyour woorthy harte to acscutomed lenitie, and 
to fortifie aboade of these sweete.woordes in your 
royall breaste, rendred to a sely suiter, that your 
Highnesse would ioye with any inferior of ray 
friencl^s, in the triaU of my ,trpth. — What mora 
woorthely beautifieth the Maiestie of Ungly rule, 
advaunceth wisedome to her highest steppe of glory, 
or can so sweetely make the chiefe harmonie of al 
good government, as against the wofuU afflicted^ to 
deliver demencie ; to eache oflfender, mercie ; to the 
vertuous rewarde 3 and in causes doubtful to sus- 
pende iudgemente* Truly, these are they which 
not onely satisfie the heavens and earth with a right 
aspecte of divine justice, hut are chiefe oQioouers, that 
the longe abandoned virgin Astrea hath resigned 
sacred seate, to become your handmayde to highe 
glory, through all provinces, and strengtbneth my 
feeble partes amid these conflicting daies, enoreasing 
chiefe delight, to no.urishe healthe against infection 
of place, ubi 

Uada tpcusque nocent, & causa valentior istis, 
Anxieta^ snimi, quae mihi semper adest. ^ 

\ilafinge gathered without penn^, orpaper^ this 



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boadKilk'or pklilbll praMn, that geve mf pining'' 
gboste Imt i)edt sofooe; irhich^ effect I hie before 
yovrffeete; to whiehe boldfteislse (most tritiin^knt 
Proce) if yob adde'desiiped pinion, aHowhige the ' 
ripe grayse of my g^ood' will in the rudeness; tof this 
rooghe: acte, I shaHd^me mysdfe tttrise happy, 
and 'lodMildenad to p^llsente yonr Excelkncjr with 
the ku^er partes • of* my imployed travel, whieb^ I ' 
trusle, shall better agree your Highnesse ferther 
19iiiigie> and would have made it my rather oblation, 
itt steede of this small peeee, but that I wante apte 
instrnmenteff to publiishe the same, and contagion 
of place thai ofte aimoyeth, and depriveth my sences ' 
their duetifbll office, but shall never enforce mee ~ 
from the bounden duetie of true tiUegiance-^Your 
Maiestie's m triple bondes of homage, J. Con- 

WAV/' 

In the address ^ to the reader,'* speaking of thef 
work, he saysj ** chiefely have I wrought the ^me, 
privileaged thfroiigh the zeahnis^ love my grations 
govemesse hatbe in al vertue, to approche her 
stately presence, as the image of my dewtifull me- 
moryd, boaste of my true loyaltie, and viewe of nij 
deepe mysery. Consequent^ beinge tormented with 
infinite troubles, broken ^h the ankor of m&ny 
cares, restrayned of libertie, spurned of fortune^ ^ 
forsaken of healthe, foregotten of friends, cou<^]^ed ^ 
in cave of deqpe forgetfulnesse^ my fitithfull service * 
nMBcoRstroed, sinister practices allowed, my true 
loyaltye thereby suspected, and with my renbfVmed'' 
Soveraigne sinisterly defiled ; emong*e* these^ ri* 
gorous rages of rankours raigne, emon'g ;tfie8e 
fr^ting fories 9^ fidile^ blindj and frewaidelfortwliy 



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emong these cruel chaui\ces of. wprlddy cboking 
calamities, emong these sturdie strivinge streames 
of stul^borne stormye state, sitb I finde nothinge 
that.g^Tet)^ my\ eoosumng carkas eomfort, but 
o«Jyvprfi}er| &c, te5--*-?-y«t knowe from mee, bowe 
bafdly I k»l^ beaoe distcassed in gaAheringe the 
6fm9 10 thy b(3b^fe, biolbe.aiiiMiyed wttk anxieliev 
ofioiod?, byconditioa of j^ajee, and ofts^ tabinge 
my di^t without udc of may trebdier (betnge 
estranged all other meanes) thereon with leathy 
pensell of leade, to bringe to thy gratefull hand this 
srnall quant iti^ of &pii ituall To ode — wherein 1 have 
not fedde the^ with sugred sape di still inge from Per- 
nasso. I bold it an unpleasaunte discorde in heavenly 
harmony: not because Mercurie bathM him in 
Argos bloudde, doo I refuse his ayde^ but bi cause I 
am taught by the apostle, that fkithe is notgronnded 
in the bewtie of oratour^s eloquence, ne yet in pride 
of painted woordes^ but only in diuine grace and 
guiftes. This posye of flowred praiers beareth no 
pleasttte for Pallas knigfates : neither wiiri looke 
that any Amphion, whiche will builde a newe Thebes, 
with the Concorde of fats muse wil lend it likinge : 
to please sucb triiely passeth my sctend^r skill." 

Then follow scripture sentences, &c, and. the ; 
pipyers djspoB^d by the Queen's name, in a manner 
not worth describings with the ^^ Sentential Divinae/' 
There are two engr^i;ed pages, duplicates, at the 
beginning and end of the volume, with a variety of 
MUa 8f nten^eea disposed on a circle and on fanci* 
faHy twisted garters. J. H. 



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19& 

Art. DXVI. Original Letter of Samuel Danyell 
the poet. 

The following verjr interesting Letter of Danyel 
tbe poet^ is transcribed from << A Compilation of 
Authentic Evidences^ Spe. tending to iUustmte the Life 
and Character of Lord Chancellor Egerton^'' witfi a 
copy of whkih the learned author* has fiivoured me. 
I trust he will not think I make an ill use of hia 
present by this extract. 



An Original'Letter of Samuel Danj/el^ sent to Lord 
Keeper Egerton with a present of his " Works y 
newly augmented^ 1601;" extant in the Bridge* 
water Library* 

Right HovdurabiiC, 

^ Amongst all the gre^t workes of your Worthy* 
nes, it will not be t)i^ least that you have done for 
ine in the preferment; pf my brother, with ivihome yet> 
now sometimes I may eat, whilst I write, and so go 
on with the worke. I have in hand, which, God 
knowes, had lopg since been ended, and your Honour 
had had that which in my haste I bare prepared for 
you, could I have but sustayned myself, and made 
truce within, and peace with the world. ' 

<< But such hath been my miserjr, that whilst I 
should have written the actions of me^t, t have 
been eonstrayned to Kve with children, and contrary ^ 

* Tl^e Hon. and Rer. Francit fi^erton, Prebendmy of Darhani, ^ 
Ice •nd brother to the Earl of Bridgewater.— ^Thit h^ is. not yfii' 
ptthlished. It was intended for the Addbmda of the Sixth Volume 
of the " Biographia Britannica." • 



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129 

to nyne own spirit, putt out of that scene, which 
nature had made my parte ; for could 1 but live to 
bring this labor* of mine to the Union of Henrj, I 
should have the end of all my ambition in this life, 
and the utmost of my desires ; for therein, if wordes 
can work any thing uppon the affections of men, I 
will labour to give the best hand I can to the per- 
petual closing up of these woundes, and the very 
keeping them so, that our land may lothe to look 
over those blessed boundes, which the providence of 
God hath set us, into the horror and confusion of 
further and former claymes ; and though I know the 
greatness of the worke require a greater spirit than 
myne, yet we see that in theas frames of motions, 
little wheels move the greater, and so by degrees 
turne about the whole ; and God knowes what so 
poor a muse as myne may worke upon the affections 
of men. 

" But, however, I shall herein shew my zeal to 
ray country, and to do that which my soule tells me 
is fit ; and to this end do 1 purpose to retyre me 
to my pore home, and not again to see you till I 
have paid your Honour my vowes; and will od^ 
pray that England, which so much needes you, may 
long enjoy the treasure of your counsell, and that 
it be not driven to complayne with that good Ro- 
man; Videmus quibus extinctis Jurispetitisy quatn 
in pauci$ nunc spesy quam in paucioribus faciUtaSy 
quam in multis audacia. 

^^ And for this comfort I have received from your 

» The Poem on " The Civil Wars." 
VOL. VI. K 



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130 

goodness^ I mugt and ever will remayne your Ho« 

Hour's in all, &e. 

I am, &c. 

Sauuel Danybl." 

" To the Rt. Hon. Sir Thomas 
Egerton, Knt. Lord Keeper 
of the Great Seall of Eng- 
land:'* . 



Art. DXVIL The Passions of the Minde. By Tk. 
W. London^ printed hy V. S. for W. B. 1601. 
Smdl Sio. pp. 3S6, without Preface. 

'the Passions of the Minde in GeneralL In sixe 
booJcesy corrected^ enlarged^ and with sundry new 
discourses augmented. By Thomas Wright. 
Cantic. I. [Lat. and Eng.] London^ printed by 
A. M. for 'Anne Helme^ and are to be sold at her 
shop in Saint Dunstons Church-yard in Fleet* 
street^ 1621. \.to. pp. 350, without Introduction. 

These appear to bathe first and third eilitionf 
of an arousing and instructive collection of philoso- 
phical Essays, upon the customary pursuits of the 
mind. Though a relaxation of manners succeeded 
the gloomy histoiy of the cowl, and the abidkioB of 
the dark cells of superstition ; it was long before 
thtt moralist ventured to draw either example, or 
precept, from any other source than scripture,. and 

* In " Certaine Epistles, after the manner of Horace, written .to 
divers Noble Personages." Fol. Lond. 1603 ^ by this author; the 
first is addressed to Sir Thomas Egerton. It is reprinted in the 
dedication of *< Memoirs of King James's Peers." 1802. Svo. 

f Second edition was,! belive in quarto, 1604. 



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131 

the writings of the ihlfaers. Genius run riot in 
some instances from excess of liberty, but the calm, 
rational, and universal essayist, was a character 
unknown. In the present work there are passages 
that possess no inconsiderable portion of ease, 
spirit, and freedom, diversified with character and 
anecdote that prove the au^thor mingled with 
the World to advantage; and could occasionally 
lighten the hereditary shackles that burthened the 
moral and philosophical writer. 

Prefixed to the third edition is an Epistle Oedi* 
catory to the Earl of Southampton, by which it 
appears to have been posthumously published. 
The author was first invited to the task by friends, 
^^ but (by what ocGasion it is uncertain) in the in- 
undation of his crosses this worke suffered ship* 
wradce, with many other writings of good and 
worthy vse, yet at what time he supposed it vtterly 
lost, or (to vse his owne words) rotting at the 
bottome of the sea, a fauourable power brought it 
a shore, where being founde, (as it seemed by such 
as loued it,) it was taken up, entertained^ and 
dispersed abroad into the hands of diuers of greate 
note and quallitie/' To the second edition he is 
supposed to have added as much more, and ap- 
parently with other matter interspersed, the whole 
«f the fifth book (which is the longest) upon the 
means to move the passions, is new. l^he dedication 
is signed " Thomas Dewe." To the second edition 
was prefixed a sonnet by Ben Jonson. 

The author evidently visited the continent, and 
has disc^issed the comparative merit between his 
own countrymen and some of those on the continent 
k3 



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133 

in ^^ the preface vn to the. reader,'' from wbieli the' 
following extracts ' niaj amuse. As there is Iktle 
variation in this part of the work, the first edition has 
been followed, and also in the further Hpecimens. 

It commences^ '' I have diuers times weighed 
with myselfe, whence-from it should proceed that 
Italians and Spaniardes, with other inhabitants he^ 
yond the Alpes, should account Flemings, English- 
men, Scots, and other nations dwelling on this stdey 
simple, vncircumspect, vnwarie, easie to be deceiued 
and circumuented hy them. And the cause of my 
doubting was, for that I had perceued, by long ex- 
perience in schools, both in Spaine, Italie, France 
aind Flaunders ; that Flemings, Scots, and Eliiglish- 
men, were euer equall,. and rather deeper schoUers^ 
than either Italian or Spaniardes, so many for so* 
many: whereunto wee may adde the proofed of 
£[)rmer ages, wherein al the world wil confesae that 
our nation hath yeelded ^s profound and learned 
schoolmen/ as any nation vnder the sunne, in like* 
quantitie, and proportion. For what country in any 
age did euer represent vnto the world such venerable 
wittes, as England, by yeelding our venerable Bede^ 
who, borne in a corner of the world, comprebe ded 
the whole world in his boundlesse apprehension and 
iudgejnent ? What age euer saw, before our Alex* . 
9nder de Hales, a diutne inore irrefragableJn all hia 
doctrine and opinions, the chiefe maister of sehoole- 
men before that England sent him into Frauncei 
In what country euer appeared such a mirror of 
learning, of subtiltie, ofbreuitie, of perspicuitie (in 
deepest matters, and vnto worthy spirites) as wheui 
Scotus shewed himseUe in tlie cbs^ire ait Ox^d?. 



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133 

Wbonie for bis woortli, some odier countries with 

nalesRe vntrueth^ than ambition, hane chalenged 

for theirs, and would baue bereaued Enj^lande of 

one of thei worthies of the worlde. What might I 

not aay^ of Ocams, of Bacons, of Middletons, in 

fflrraine nations more accounted of, than prized at 

home; whose doctrine the begt highly esteeme, 

whose wittea the wismt admir?, and whose opinions 

innumerable doctours do follow. — Moreouer, let vs 

cast our eies vpon all sorts of artes and trades, from 

the very shooe vnto the hatte, from the shirt to the 

doake, firom the kitchen to the court; and we shall 

see our nation as well furnished, as compleate, and 

artificiall as any other, and as all trauellers can well 

affirme, farre superior to the Spaniardes, ^nd no« ' 

thing inferior rnto the Italians. I must confes that 

in some one or other trade the Italians surpasse v% 

but they be such, as either England regardeth not 

at all, or priseth not very much : but, in such as 

our countrie esteemeth, wee may, either equall or 

preferre our selues before him. — Northeme and 

Welcbmen, when they come to London are very 

simple and ynwary ; but afterwardes by conuersing 

a while, and by the experience of other men's be- 

h^uioursy they become wonderful, wise, and iudicious. 

The Italians, therefore, and Spaniards, disdaining 

greatly to dwell long in the country, and betaking 

tbemselues almost whollie vnto cities, by a con-* 

tinuall conuersaiion, even from their youth becom 

very nimble in the managing of all affaires, and 

consequently very, politique and craftie. For great 

cities (specially emperiali) affoorde vnto them ali 

sortea of politique prudence, eyther for vniuersaU 



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134 

gtmermhent of the state, or particukr goQernement 
of the state, or particular gouemenient of the cittie, 
Or priuate (Bconomie for a family, or common con- 
uersation with men, al which cities as open scbooles 
teach aboundantly ; villages and townes eyther no- 
tfayng or very sparingly. The most of our English^ 
men contrariwise, eyther dwell in the countrey, or 
in dties not so populous, wherein they may enjoy 
such meanes as enable other nations vnto the attain- 
ment of wit, policie, and prudence, wherefore this 
defect of conuersation impeacheth greatly the wari- 
il^sse of our countrymen with other nations ; whereby 
sundry of our rurall gentlemen are as wel acquainted 
with the ciuil dealing, conuersing, and practise of 
cilties, as many Kodineys with the manuring of land 
«nd aiTayres of the country. — I would not haue any 
nian to thinke that I am of opinion, that all Italians 
and Spaniards' go beyond all Englishmen in subtiltie 
ud warinesse, for I haue found diners of our na- 
tion, whom I beleeue, neither Italian nor Spaniard 
eould oner-reach, in what negotiation soeuer; but 
only I meane that for the most part, those nations 
mirpasae ours in a certaine politique craftinesse, the 
.which nature first bred in them, education perfited, 
vertue amendeth, and arte discouereth* The which 
I iiaue endeuoured first of all (as I thinke) to drawe 
into forme and method, according to the principles 
ef sciences, hoping that some other will hereby take 
occasion either to perfite mine, or to attempt a bet- 
ter; my desire is, the good of my country ; the effect 
enery man's prudent carriage; the last end, the 
glorie of God; where unto all our labours must 
lead, and all our actions be directed, and therefore 



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1S3 

to him let theie little sparkes be consecrated to 
kindle the fire in his holy temple, 4r in tremore,^* 

The cba)>ter8 upon appareil €md the literary pro* 
ductiomi of that period are selected as interesting 
sketches c^the manners when the author wrote^ 

" Discouerie of Passions in Appareil. 

^^ Extraordinary appareil of the body, dedareth 
well the apparreil of the minde; for some you haae 
so inconstant in their attire, that theirarietie of their 
garments pregnantly proneth the ficklenesse of their 
beads ; for they are not much Tnlike to stage- players, 
who now adorne themselues gloriously Uke gentle- 
men^ then like downes; after, as women; then 
likefboles; bicause the fashion of their garmentei 
maketh them resemble these persons. And truely 
the Frenchmen and Englishmen, of al nations, are 
not without some good cause noted and condemned 
of this lightnesse, the one for innenting, the other 
for imitating ; in other things we thinke them our 
inferiours^ and beerein we make them our maisters ; 
and some I haue heard very contemptuously say, 
that scarcely a new forme of breeches appeared in 
the French King^s kitchin, but they were presently 
translated oner into the court of England. This 
newfiinglenesse proceedeth from an inconstant 
minde, a prowde hart, and an effeminate aflfection. 
AugUbtus CflBsar had alwayes in hatred, rich and 
gorgeous garments, because he saide they were 
banners blaiing our pride, and neastes to breede 
lechery. Wherefore Saint Gregory plaiaely prooueth 
that glorious attire piroceedeth from pride, because 
that men or women will not vse their galhntgar- 



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nients, but in ^uch places where they may be seene ; 
and bee that coulde sound the heartes Of many vatne 
persons, should finde the roote of this gay apparrell 
an vnchaste hart and an arrogant minde. Where- 
unto*Tf^eIi alluded Diogenes, being asked a question 
of a yoong man, very neatly and finely apparelled ; 
hee sayde hee woulde not answer hira before he put 
off his appareU, that hee might know whether he 
was a man or a woman, declaring by his effeminate 
attire his womanish wantonnesse. 

^^ As some oftend in too much nicenesse, so others 
in too much carelessnesse and slouenry, not regard- 
ing, in what manner and fashion they shewe them- 
aelues abroade, which in some, may come of a cer- 
taine contempt they haue of themselues, of pride, 
and the worlde, but this manner of mortification 
(howbeit I will not condemne all those that vse it of 
bypocrisie) yet I holde, that for the most part, it 
carrieth a smell thereof: I know a man that sdiae 
holde very godly and religious, yet when hee was 
to appeare before a prince, he wold always haue 
the barest cloke he could get, to thintent the King 
might account him godly, mortified, and a despiser 
of the world : and perhappes Antlsthenes went not 
feme awrie when he sawe Socrates in a tome coate, 
shewing a hole thereof to the people ; loe, quoth 
he, thorowe this I'see Socrates' vanitie, for morti- 
fication standeth well with modestie and decent 
attire. Wherefore I take it vniuersally that vn- 
seemely garments, and neglect of apparell, for the 
most part proceedeth from slouth, or hipocrisie; 
for true and sound vertue requireth grauitie and 
deoencifei. t 



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]37 

" Much might be aayd here concerning the new* 
fanglemadnesse, or lasciuious pride, or vaine super- 
fluities of women's pointing, painting, adorning^ 
and (antastical disguising; but I must say this vice 
in them to be remedilesse, because it hatii been in 
euery age, euer cried against, and neuer amended ; 
and for my part, I am half perswaded that this 
sinne carrieth with it a finall impenitence, which 
women neuer intend to change as long as they line 
but to carry it to the graue : for euery one wil ex- 
cuse herselfe, because she onely followeth the fashion 
and custome : if others woulde change, shee would 
bee contented to immitate ; but if you aske another, 
die will say as much, but none will beginne, and so 
their pride must be endies, and therfore incorrigi- 
ble in this world, to be' punished in tbother." 

" Discouerie of passions in writing.^^ 

" Who of purpose writeth obscurely, peruerteth 
the naturtli communication of men, because we 
write to declare our mindes, and he that aflTecteth 
obscuritie, seemeth not to be willing that men should 
coDceiue his meaning. The Holy Scripturs 1 al waies 
except, which for many causes admitte some ob- 
scuritie: but for men in their writing to followe 
such a phrase, as hardly, you can vnderstand what 
they say, cannot but proceede, either from confused 
vnderstanding, because a cleare conceit breedeth per- 
spicuous deliuerie, or affectation of learning, which 
springeth from pride; for I haue knowne n^ost 
excellent men endeuoure to speake, and write, the 
greatest mysteries of our feith, in such playne man- 



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138 

oer, that very deep diuinitiee seemed very easie. 
And 1 truely am of opinion, that hee is the greatest 
dtuine, and most profitable to the common weale, 
which can make his learning to be best conceiued. 

^^ To vse many metaphors^ poetical phrases in 
prose, or incke^pot termes, smelleth of affectation, 
and argueth- a proude childish wit. To be pererop- 
torie and singular in opinions, to censure ill, or 
condemne rashly, without rendering some sound 
and strong reason, for the most parte, proceedeth 
from singular selfe loue, and adefectuous iudg- 
ment. 

^' Some will condemne others for writing, be- 
cause they thinke there be bookes written more than 
sufficient: this censure commeth, either from a 
sluggish minde, or enuious to see others good en- 
deuours commended, or else from grosse ignorance, 
because they neither know (he nature of men's 
wittes, nor the limittes of humane vnderstanding ; 
for if we see the arte of sayling with the compasse, 
the exercise of artillerte, the manner of printing, of 
late yeares inuented, augmented, and perfitted; 
why may not diners sciences, already inuented, 
be increased with new conceits, amplified with bet- 
ter demonstrations, explaned in a more perspicuous 
manner, deliuered in a more ordinate methode ? 

^^ Contrary to these be certain itching spirits, who 
put euery toy in print; they prize their owne works 
exceedingly, and censure others iniuriously ; these 
may well be compared to certain wild vines, which 
bring forth many grapes, butneuer mature them: 
some do it for fame, and some for gaine, and both 
without discretion, and against their own credite. 



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TherefiM^ gretA wisedome it were, to write some- 
thing disereetely, that men's labours maj not onely 
profit them8elue«, but also beederiued to others: 
for what do we account g^ood in it selfe, if it be not 
communicatiue of goodness to others? Bonumest 
sui diffusvoum. Yet woulde I baue men, not to 
blabbe out tbeir conceits, without meditation, or 
good digestion, because, if in all actions it con- 
cemeth greatly a man's demeanour, to effect,uate 
them with deliberation and ripenesse; so, much 
more in writing, which no man hasteth, being dis* 
tilled drop by drop from thepenne, and of it selfe 
permanent not as wordes communicatiue to some few 
present auditors, but blaised to the world, and sent 
to all posteritie. 

^ Some men, in writing, flowe with phrases, bat 
are barren in substaunce of matter, and such are 
neither wittie nor wise : others haue good conceits, 
but ddiuered after an affected manner, they put a 
little liquor into too great a vessel. Others are so 
concise, that you need a commentarie to vaderstand 
them ; the former bee not without all foUie, and the 
latter lacke not some pride : yet those are not more 
commendable than these, for those only are tedious 
thorow their prolixitie, but these are molestfull; 
bicause they require too great attentioil, and make 
a man often spend many spirited, to winne a slender 
knowledge. 

^^ Many write confusedly, without method and 
order, and such comprehend not tbeir matter: 
others are too precise in diuisions, in such sort, that 
ere you come lo the lilst part, you have forgotten 
the first members : and this defect I finde in many 



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postils of scriptures. Good diatindioais breede per- 
spicuitie, but a multitude engendereth obscuritie ; : 
and best I holdit so to diHtinguish, that distinctions 
may rather be noted in matter than in wordes." 

A chapter to shew ''curiosity in knowing things 
not necessarie" has the following conclusion. 

^' What vaine studies exercise (for most parte) 
on iudiciarie astronomers, by calculating natiiiities, 
foretelling eue ts, prescribing the limites of men's 
lines, forcshewing their perills, and dangers, but 
meere ^cosinage & vaine curiosity? Hqw .many 
labour night and day, spend their times and liuings, 
in alchimie, in searching forth that matchlesse stone 
which they neuer see, receiuing no other lucre 
than a continuall baite to feede curiositie? Who 
would not haue registred him among curious fooles, 
which labored so many yeres to make a shirt of 
male with ringes of wood, fitte for no man's pro- 
file or good ? ' Who will not admire our nice dames 
of London, who must haue cherries at twenty 
shillings a pound, and pescods at fine shillings a 
pecke, huske without pease ? Yong rabbettes of a 
spanne, and chickens of an inch ? From whence 
proceed)eth this gulling ambition ? This spoiling of 
the croppe? This deuouring and gormandizing 
of the common weale but from a gluttonous curi- 
ositie ?"— 

From the impediments to virtue I shall select two 
examples to conclude. '' The third impediment is 
wicked conversation. Ill examples, and vngodly 
conuersation imprinted in tender yeeres, & weak 
soules, take such root that hardly after they can be 
supplsTted ; this we see by experience th^t a^ those 



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speeke^' witli whome children conaerse, purely, or 
barbaroudy, Latine^ Greeke, or English, so chil- 
dren learne; euen in like manner as those line, 
youth liue, and frame tbetr maners according to ' 
their conditions. A man therefore being brought 
Yp among wicked men, for most parte accomodateth 
himsdfe to their humours ; the reason is, not only 
bicause, as men perswade by words, so they doe 
much more by deedes, euery action being a silent 
perswasion (our eyes perceiuing their obiectes more 
certainely than our eares) but also for that many 
examples, I knowe not howe, come at length, to 
breede such impremions in men, that euen vices 
seeme vertues. Let vs not seeke very far for triall, 
but euen at home ! Sometimes I haue seene Tarie^ 
ton play the clowne, and vse no other breeches than 
such stoppes, or sliuings as now many gentlemen 
weare; they are almost capable of a bushell of 
wheate, and if they bee of sake-cloth, they woulde 
serue to carrie mawit to the mill. This absurde, 
clownish, and ynseemely attire, onely by custome 
nowe is not misliked, but rather approoued.* The 

♦ Tarleton died about 1599. The large breeches worn at that 
period form an humorous burlesque on our new -piked phrase of 
small clothes. In the comedy of Damon and Pithias, written be- 
fore 1556, is tlie (bllowin^ dialogue. 

" Grimme, Are ye servants then ? 

JVyll, Yea, sir, are we not pretie men ? 

'Grhnme, Pretie men (quoth ydu?) nay, you are stronge men ^ 
Els you coulde not beare these britches. 

Wyll. Are these such great hose ? 
Tn faith, goodman colier, you see with your nose : 
By ii^yne bonestie, I have but one lining in one hose, but seven els 

• of roug. 



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like I aiig;ht say of ]ong steepled hattes, of goii^ 
naked in baths and washing places, yea in eitery 
place, as in the Indiaes the vse of many seemeth to 
take away all abuse."— ^ — — — 

Grimme, That is but a little, yet it makes thee seeme a great 
bugge. 

Jack, How say you, goodman colier, can you finde any fault 
here ? • 

Grimme* Nay, you should 6nde faught, mary, here's trim geare ! 
Alas, little knave, dost not sweat? Thou goest with great payne ; 
These are no hose, but water bougets, I tell thee playne : 
Good for none but suche as have no buttockes. 
Dyd you ever see two suche little Robin ruddockes. 
So laden with breeches ? (Reed's OldPlayi, Vol. I. p.2l9r.) 

Hey wood, in h.\»Ji/th hundred of Epigrams, makes a certain insect 
diiCQSS the most convenient residence between a man's big breeches, 
and a woman's thick ruff. The ruff is pleasing in sumfkier, but, 

** In winter the man's breeche is close and warme. 

Large walkes for lice to walke warm withont barme ; 

Galleries, garble endes, chambers, parlers, halles. 

Cold frost to defend a dosen double walles ; 

Some seelM, some hang'd, some di'de, some pay nted, some stain'd. 

Rentes of all sise, great and small rentes retayn'd. 

And when by lonce by ting, the legge is itching, 

The barr^ of men's breeches haue such strong stitching ; 

Such bolstring, such broydring^ let men stare and stampe, - 

The louce is as safe there, iis hee were in a campe ■ " 

The same writer again ridici)Ies this fashion ia the last epigram 
in his works, entitled, *< of a number qf raties mistaken for detdls in a 
man's sloppesP The wearer, expecting a dearness of provisions^ 
secretes a cheese in his slops, and hauing left them off, some two or 
three rats conclude upon residing there. 

^ At three dayes end this man putting these hose 0% 
fiauing tide bis points, the rattes began anon 
To start and to stur that breeche rounde about. 
To seefce and finde some way, what way to get out; 



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<^ The fourth impediment is corrupted bookes. 
The world leadeth vs to sitine, not only by trayninif 
T8 vp vitiously and inticing vs by wicked examples, 
but also, by suggesting vnto vs many occasions of 
ill, by obscenous and naughty bookes, as light and 
wanton poets, as Machiuellian poUlcies, the Arte of 
Coniuring, and such other dreggs of men's wits and 
of-springe of vngodly affections : to these if you 
adjoyne many shewes,- stage playes, and such im- 
pure exercises, which tend to the manifest ouer- 
throwe of tender soules, you shall haue a troupe of' 
soldiers, or rather robbers, seruing the world to 
winne a kingdome. Indeede I must confesse, that 
these bookes & exercises corrupt extreamly all good 
manners, and with a silent perswasion insinuate 
their matter vnto the chiefe affection and highest 
parte of the soule, and in all good common weales, 
are either wholy prohibited, or so circumcised, that 
no such hurt followeth ; as s6me by stealth pur- 
chase, by theft robbing their owne soules of grace 

But that breectie was bolstered so with suche brode bars, 
Such craaks, such conybolef ^ such euts and such stars, 
With wacd, within ward, that the rattes were as fast. 
As though they with theeues in Newgate had bene cast.'' 

This article of di«ss being translated from the French King's kit- 
chen to our court, as described in the Discovery of Pasiions in 
Apparellf might give rise to the idea of stealing the fashion, and 
partly explain the allusion of the porter in Macbeth ; wjio is ready 
to open the gate to *' an English tailor come hither for stealing out 
t>f a Frenoh ^lose." And the essay's description in 1&>1 of th« 
clownish hose as again worn, leaves the conjecture of Warburton 
upon the passage just quoted without support, while it prc»ves Mr. 
Malone right ; *< large breeches were then in fashion." Reed's Shak. 
Vol.X.p.132. 



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and goodnesse ; yet against these pamphlets I op- 
pose thousandes of spirituall volumes, the holy 
scriptures, sermons, exhortations, homilies, medi- 
tations, prayer booked, which surpasse the other in 
number, in efficacie, in learning, and therefore those 
ought not to be compared with these." 

J.H. 

Akt. DXVIII. a New Post, with soueraigne 
Salue to cure the World's madnes. Expressing 
himself e in sundrie excellent Essay es or wittie dis" 
courses. A Marke exceeding necessary for all 
men's Arrowes: whether the Great Man's Flighty 
the^ Gallant's Rover, the Wiseman's Prickeshafty 
the Poore Man's Butshaft, or the Foole's Birdbolt. 

Quantus iu Orbe dolus. 

By Sir 1. D. Knight, Printed for lohn Mariot. 
No date. 12mo. pp. 110. 

" Whether," says Anthony Wood, " Sir I. D. 
be the same with Sir John Davies, I cannot justly 
tell." Probably, the popularity which that excel- 
lent poem Nosce Teipsum obtained from the pub- 
lic, immediately on its appearance, might induce 
the publisher of this little moral treatise to adopt a 
mode too often pursued^ that of affixing the initials 
of a favourite author for more general recommen- 
dation. The date of this work, as given hy Wood, 
is 1690 ; a period when Sir John Davies was deeply 
engaged in his professional duties of a lawyer ; nor 
does it bear internal evidence of his hand. The 
poetical numbers are not equally nervous and po- 



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lished) nor is the prose written with bis accttstotned 
correctness. 

The preface, which is called *^ a new post," is no 
unfiivourable specimen to shew the manner and power 
of the writer, who has divided his work into essajs, 
taking a philosophical view of men and manners; 
ud, in the language of a moralist, rebuking the 
excess and viciousness of the world. 

'* A New Post. The world (which is the shop 
or warehouse of all eviUs) was oever since the be- 
ginning nnfurai^ed of most wicked commodities ; 
and as time and men's lusts hath indreast the trade, 
«ohath the trade filled np the empty places, and 
left no vacuity or vast corner in the world unstored 
and filled up, even firom the bottome to the top, 
with mjmicke and ikntasticke imperfections: with 
sinnes of all shapes, of all fashions, of all inven- 
tions; sinnes of all proportions and all measures; 
the great man's creations, the meaner's.imitations, 
the court's ambition, the citie's surfiiite, and the 
countrie's foWy. The first being grounded upon 
envy, the second on pride, and the last on weak- 
nesse ; so that, according to the nature of man, tbe 
old world is fuU of old thoughts, and being the 
nearest td the end-is farthest from all amendement, 
having in it nothing but a covetous hoarding o^ 
gathering together of those vices, whose saddle 
waight cannot. choose but shake the body into cin- 
ders* This mortall tympanie how many worthy 
leeches have studiously sought to cure; .but their 
medicines have either not beene received, or else so 
too early cast upp0 in unnaturall vomits, that the 
vertue hath been lost for want of retention. How 

YOL. TI. L 



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littth divinity threatoied, ro»ra}tty ocmdemiied) 
satyres whipped, epigrammes mocked, and aM in 
one jointljr raiBed up an ea^tliqiiake or tbunder 
against the vices dnd abnees of tibe times : yet stiH 
the world (as drowned in a lethai^e or dead sleep) 
mnssls and sncnrts in security, feeding vice to such 
a monstrous higik/^sae^ that men stand in awe and 
dare not forsake him^ tmd^ women tye btm to tiieir 
-wastes with- above a dozen points of tlie strongest 
riban, &it may Bot this feare be taken (rem mens 
and this foUy untyed from the feminine gender? 
Yes, questionlesse and with great ease, if they will 
either take the antidote of reason against this poison 
€^ novelty, or bath themselves in the cleare and 
vholsome strsames of moderation and discretion. 
It is nothing but the want of the discourse of reaeod 
which doth breed this madnesse in manldnde ; fbr 
where it raigneth there eai^ neither be want ner 
superfluitte; f(»* it boundeth all things witlan a 
meane, and ^verneth with justice and judgment : it 
hath the true measure of goodnesse, and carryeA so 
even the ballanoe which weigbetfi every exceHenee^, 
that no grain or drop can be insufficient, bat our 
veasoB may amend, alter, or correct it. Thus if 
either moderne philos<^her6, or oor living poets^ 
liad ii^k*oeted the world withati; surely all vice 
had long since finrsaken us, much gall had beene 
saved in their inhe, lesse pepper and more salfcbad 
• kept veraie in season, without corruption. Shioe 
then tbe.knowiege mnd use of reason is Ae oneljr 
«ilveto- cure tliese reaaonlesse infirmities, it is not 
amlMe ih this little dispensatorie to diew the true 
«Mmner of this comj^osition; that eveiy man know- 



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iag tiM jsgiedfaftnto ud Hmt natandl ofmations, 
6wV OMui may b« bis own pbjrsitioii, and ciure those 
maladaes which make the world ran mad with toys 
and fantasaies. It is to be anderstood then^ 4uit 
to make this eaeellent balme of reason, eToryman 
must take nufld>er9 place, time, use, ar<, things 
m^urali, above* natiire, and against natitre^ and 
mixing Uiem with esuonple, dktiU them into a pure 
conscience ; und the worke is then finished. Now 
for the nature and operation of these simples, thus 
in these essayes it foUoweth.'' 

The work has for a running title << Reason^s Aca^ 
demief and at the end of the volume is a poem of 
eleven six-line stanzas, entitled ^^ Reason's' Moane,'' 
of which the first two will form a suiBcient specimen. 

** When I peruse, heaven's auncient written storie, 
part left in bookes, and part in contemplation ; 

I finde creation tended to God's glory ; 
but when 1 looke upon the foul evasion, 

Loe 1 then I cry, I bowle, I weepe^ I moane, 
and seeke for truth, but truth, alas ! is gone. 

Whilom of old before the eaitli was founded, 
.or heavbs> or trees, or plants, or bciasts bad being ; 

Or that the uigbtie caaopie of heavea surrounded 
tbe^e lower creatures^ ere that the eye bad seeing^ 

Then reason was within the mind of Jove^ 
embracing only amitie and love.'' 

J.H. 



Abt. DXIX. A treatise against ivdidal astrologiis 
Dedicated to the Right Honorable Sir Thomas 
Egertotty Knight^ Lard Keeper of the Greqi Seqif, 
L 2 



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148 

and one of her MaiesHe's^ most Honor Ale Prude 
Councell. Written by lohnChamber^ one of the 
Prebendaries of her Maiestie's Free Chappeil of 
Windsor^ and FeOow of Eaton CeUege. [A pair 
(^cpiD pusses on an ornamented oral, scroll with- 
out having motto *' Lahore ' et Constantia"^ 
Printed at London by lohn Harison^ at the signe 
of the Grey-hound in Pater^noster Rowe. 1601. 
4ito. pp. 132, without Introduction.* 

The science of astrology has now only a few weak 
and credulous followers, whose ignorance becomes 
the dupe of art and cunning; otherwise this treatise, 
like the " Vulgar Errors" of Dr Brown, should be 
universally read. * The author " having done," says 
Wood, ^' no less than a Christian learned man ought 
to have done, he had reason to look for another re- 
ward of his labours than he found. For instead of 
thanks and commendation for his labours so well 
placed, he was roughly. entertained by Sir Christo- 
pher Heyden, Knight, ik his defence of judicial 
Astrology, Cambr. 1603, qu. a work full of no 
common reading, and carried on with no mean 
arguments." To this answer Chamber wrote a re- 
ply, but did not live to see it printed.! 

Leaving astrology to the very few, two passages 
that notice an early poet may afford more rational 
amusement for the many. It is the <^ merrie Skel- 

♦ This Tolume is 'printed on large paper, perhaps one of the 
earliest specimens of that plan being systematically adopted by the 
-printer, the type notbeing cast for more than an octayo i^age. 

f Wood's Ath. Ox. Vol. I. col. 334, contains a brief memorial of the 
tife add irtitiogs of the anUior. He died Aug. 1, 1604, kged35. 



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to% who tbrust his wife out at the doore, aad re- 
ceiued bier in agaioe at the window. The storie 
is wdl known how the Bishop bad charged him to 
tbri^st his wife out of the dopre," and thus men- 
tioned forms as apposite, introduction to the follow- 
ing, which occurs upon the discussion of the sup- 
posed change in things that must take place in every 
leap year. 

^ The leape yeare for any thing I see, might well 
yse the defence of roerie Skelton, who being a priest, 
and hauinga child by his wife, euery one cryed out, 
oh Skelton hath a child, fie on him^ &c. Their 
mouthes at that time he could not stop : but on a 
holy day, in a mery mood, he brought the diild to 
church- with him, and in the pulpit stript k naked, 
and held it out, saying, ^ See this child, is it not a 
pretie child, as other children be, eaen as any of 
your*8 ; hath it not legs, armes, head, feet, limbes 
proportioned euery way as it should be ? If Skel- 
ton had begot a monster, as a calfe, or such like, 
what a life should poore Skelton haue had then ?' 
So we say for the leape yeare, if it had changed the 
nature of things, as it is charged, how should it 
haue done then to defend itselfe? ' If the nature of 
any thing change in the leap yeate, it seemeth to'be 
true in men and women, according to the answer of 
a mad fellowe to his mistresse, who being called 
knaoe by her, replied that it was not possible, for, 
said he, if you remember your selfe, good mistresse, 
this is leape yeare, and then^ as you know well, 
knaues weare smockes.'' 

J. H. 



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186 

AftT. DXX. An Apology for Attork. ContaSmng ' 
three briefs Trebtlses. 1. Their Airtiquky. 2* 
TJieir Ancient Digniti/. 3. The true use of tktir 
quality. Written by Thomas Heywooi — Etpro* 
desse solent S^ delectare — London : Printed by Ni» 
cholas Okes. 1612. 4to. pp. 60. 

Thomas Heywood was one of the most prolific 
writers of bis period. A full account of him is in- 
serted in the Biographia Dramatica, where this 
work is noticed as displaying, great erudition. The 
IbUowing extracts are of those parts immediately 
irelative to the English stage. As there is not the 
usual brief account of the passages omitted, it majF 
be re<}uisite to observe, that the extracts were iiiade 
several years sincei for private use, in consequence 
of not being able to purchase a copy ; and a loan of 
the work obtained with considerable difficulty. 

Dedicated <^ To the Right Hopourable, Edward, 
Earle of Worcester, Lord of ChepstoU, Raglanc^ 
and Gow^r, Knight of the most Noble Order, 

&C.&C." 

Address — ^^ To my good friends and fellowes, the 
Citty- Actors/' Concluding '^ So wishing you judi- 
cildl audiences, honest poets, and true gatherers, I 
epmoftit you aU to the fulnesse of your best wishes. 
Your's ev^r, T. H." 2 pages. 

Another ^^ To the ludiciall Reader^" subscribed 
« Thine, T. Heywood." 

Ten lines, Greek poetry, signature AA, T/i. 

<^ In laudem, nee Operis, nee Authorise" tbirljy- 
tkx€n lines Latin, subscribed <^ Anonymous. Sive 
pessimus omnium Poeta." 



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^ To tbmi iluitare offomtt to Oift worke/' fimr 
dfht-Iiiie stanzas^ subscribed ^' Ar. Hc^iUm." 

<< To bis beloved friend Makter Thoiiiii» Hej* 
wood/' tweniy'two lines^ subscribed ^^ bgr jour 
friend Jobs Webster/' 

^ To my loving friend and feliow, Tbomas Hejr* 
wood," thirty Hoes, signed ^ Rieb. Perkins." 

^ To mjT good friend and fellow, Tbomas Hejr- 
wood," tra Uses signed ^^ Christopber Beestoiu" 

^ Tomj good friead and fellow, TbonMM Hey- 
wood,'' signed '' Robert Pallant." . 

<< To my approved good friend M. Tbomas Heji- 
Wiood," tbirty-*ttji lines, subscribed ^* Year's ever, 
John Taylor.'^ 

"^ Tba Antbor to his boofe^" thirty lines^ 6«tied 
^ Thonaa Hey wood." 

*• -Ai Apdogy far Jefyn's, and first touching tkdr 
Antiquity. 

^' Mooved by the sundry exdamations of many 
seditious sectists in this age, who in the fatnes and 
rankaes of a peaceable common- wealth, grow up like 
uosavery tufts of grasse, which though outwardly 
greeue and fresh to the eye, yet are they both unplea- 
sant and unprofitable, being too^ sower for food, and 
top ranke for fodder: these men like the ancient 
Gernjans, affecting no feshion but their owne, would 
draw other nations to bee slovens like themselves, 
and undertaking to purifie and reforme the sacred 
bodies of the church aiid common- weale (in the trew 
use of both which they are altogether ignorant,) 
would but like artlesse phisitions, fpr experiments 



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sake, raAer minister pih to poysdii the whole body 
then cordials to preserve any or the least pitrt.^ 
Amongst many other ttiinges tollerated in this 
peaceable and florishing state, it hath pleased the 
high and mighty princes of this land t# 'limit the 
use of certaine pnblicke theatres, which since many 
of these over-curious heads have lavishly and vio*^ 
lently slandered, I hold it not a misse to lay open 
some few antiquities to approve the true use of them, 
with arguments (not of the least moment) which, 
according to the weakness of my spirit, and in&ocy 
of my judgment, I will (by God's grace) commit to 
the eyes of all favorable and judiciall readers; as 
well to satisfie the requests of some of our well 
qualified favorers, as to stop the envious acclama- 
tions of those who chalenge to themselves a privi* 
ledge invective, and against all firee estates a railing 
liberty. Loath ^m I (I protest) being the youngest 
and weakest of the nest wfaerin I was hatcht, to 
soare this pitch before others of the same brood 
more fledge, and of better winge than myselfe : but 
though they whom moire especially this task con- 
cernes, both for their ability in writing and sufficiency 
in judgement (as their workes generally witnesse to 
the world,) are content to over-slip so necessary a 
subject, and have left it as to mee the most un- 
worthy ; I thought it better to stammer out my 
mind, then not to speak at all ; to scribble downe a 
marke in the stead of writing a name ; and to stiimble 
on the way, rather than to stand still* and not to 
proceede on so necessary a journey," 



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<^ Nor do I ^oM it lawfull to beguile the «ye9 of 
the world in confounding the shapes of either sex^ 
as to keepe any youth in the habit of a tirgine, or ^ 
any virgin in the shape of a lad, to shroud them 
from the eje^ of their fathers, tutors, or protectors^ 
or to any other sinister intent whatsoever. But to 
see our youths attired in the habit oC w^nen, who 
knowes not what their intents be? Who cannot 
distinguish them by their names, assuredly knowing, 
they are but to represent such a lady, at such a time 
appoynted ? 

^^ Do not the universities, , the fountaines and 
well-springs of all good arts, learning, and docu- 
ments, admit the like in their cc^edges? And they 
(I assure myselfe) are not ignorant of their true use. 
In the time of my residence in Cambridge, I have 
scene tragedyes, comedyes, historyes, pastorals and 
shewes, publickly acted, in which graduates of gdod 
place and reputation, have bene specially parted : 
this is held necessary for the emboldening of their 
junior schollers.*' 



The first book has too pieces of poetry incor- 
porated, the one blank verse, about fifty lines ; the 
other, couplet rhyme, forty-four lines, from Ovid. 

Of Actors and their ancient Dignitie. The Seconde 
Booke, 

^^ Amongst us, one of our best English Chroniclers * 
records, that when Edward the Fourthe would shew 
hiraselfe in publieke state to the view of the people, 

* Stowe. 



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hee rtpdred to Us p^aoe at St* lolme^ whore he. 
accustomed to see the City Actors. And since th^n, 
that koiise by the Prince's free gift^ hath beloii(g^ 
to the Office of the Bevels ; wfcere our court plajes 
have beene in lale dales yearrlyrebersed^ perfected^ 
and corrected, before thej ipome to the publike view 
^ the Priace and the nobiiitj." *. 



^ To omit all the d<K:tors, zawnyes, pantalooneg^ 
harlakeenes, in whici the French, but especiallj the 
Italians, have beenf excellent; and, according to the 
^ occasion offered, d^i some right to our English actors, 
as Knell, BmktUy, Mils^ Wilson, Crosse^ Lanam, 
and others : th^se, since I never saw them, as being 
before mjUmr^ I cannot (as an eje-witnesse of their 
desert) give them that applause, which no doubt, 
they wmrtkV H^nt ; yet by the report of many 
joditial aMlilors, their performance of many parts 
have befB,so absolute, that, it were a kind cf sinn^ 
to drovene their worths in Lethe, and not commit 
their (almost forgotten) jiames to eternity. Heerd 
I must needes remember Tarleton, in his time gra- 
tious with the Queene his soveraigne, and in the 
people's generall applause ; to whom succeeded WiL 
Kemp, as wel in the favour of her Majesty, as in the 
opinion and good thoughts of the general audience. 
Gabriel, Singer, Pope, PhiUips, Sly, all the right I 
can do them is but this, that though they be dead, 
their deserts yet live in the remembraace of many. 
Among so many dead let me not forget one yetatih^ 
in his time the most worthy, fSMooiia Maialer Ed- 
ward Allen. To omit these, as also such as for 



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divers i ni perfe eU oiw, maj be thdugM ioMifficieiit for 
the qaality. Acton should be men pich'd out per- 
sonable, according to the parts thej present ; they 
should be rather schoUers, that though thej cannot 
speake well, knowe how to speake, or else to have 
that volubility, that thej can speake well, though 
they understand not what ; and so both imperfections 
may by instruction be helped and amended: but 
where a good tongue and a good conceit both fiiile, 
there can never be good actor. I also could wish, 
that such as are condemned for their licentiousness, 
might by a generall consent bee quite excluded our 
society : for as we are men that stand in the broad 
eye of the world, so should our manners^ gestures, 
and behaviours, savour of such government and 
nodes^, to deserve the good tholighta and reports 
of all men, and to abide the sharpest censui^ even 
of those that are the greatest opposites to the quality. 
Many amongst us, I know to be of substance, of 
government, of sober lives, and temperate carriages, 
house-keepers, and contributary to all duties en- 
joyned them, equally with them that are rankH with 
the most bountiPuU : and ifamongst so nrany of a sort, 
there be any few degenerate from the rest in that 
good demeanor, which is both requisite and expected 
at thfeir hands ; let me entreat you not to censure 
hardly of all for the misdeeds of some, but rather 
to excuse us, as Ovid doth the generality of women. 

* Pardt^ paacsmm diffnndere crimen iti oamesi 
Speetttur maritif qdceqae puettt sois. 

For some- offenders (that perhaps are few), 
Spare in year thoughtt to censure all the crew. 



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Since every breast contaioes a sundry spirit^ 
Let every one be cenMir'd as they merit. 

<^ Others there are, of whom should you aske my 
opinion, I must refer you to this Consule Theatrum. 
Here I might take fit opportunity to redioq up all 
our' English writers, and compare them with the 
Greeke, French, Italian, and Latine poets; not 
only in their pastorall, historical], ^legeicall, and 
heroicall poems, but in their tragicall and comical 
subjects ; but it was my chance to happen on the 
like, learnedly done by an approved good scholler, 
in a booke called ' Wit's Comon wealth,' * to 
which treatise 1 wholy referre you, returning to our 
present subject. Julius Caesar," &c. 

Of Actors J and the true use of their qualitj/. ne 
third book* 

"To proceed to the matter: First, playing is an 
ornament to the citty, which strangers of all nations, 
repairing hither, report of in their countries, behold- 
ing them here with some admiration: for what 
variety of entertainment can there be in any citty of 
Christendome, more then in London ? But sonie 
will say, this dish might be very well spared out of 
the banquet : to him I answere, * Diogenes, that 
used to feede on rootes, cannot relish a march-pane.' 
Secondly, our English tongue, which hath been the 
most harsh, uneven, and broken language of the 
world, part Dutch, part Irish, Saxon,,. Scotch, 
Welsh ; and indeed a gallimaffry of many, but 
perfect in none ; is now by this secondary meanes 

♦ Or rather ** Wit's Treasury,'' by Thnck !Mcres. 



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of playui^y contiBiiallj refined ; every writer strir^ 
tag in bimaeUQ to adde a new florishe unto it: go. 
that jn processe, from the mefit rude and unpolisht 
toBgue, it is growne to a most perfect and composed 
language, and many excellent workes, and elaborate 
pdens. writ in the same^ that many nations grow 
inamorod of our tongue (before despised). Neither 
saphitke, ionicke, iambicke, pbaleutlcke, adonicke, 
gliconicke, hexameter, tetramiter, pentamiter, as- 
clepediacke, choriambicke, nor any other measured 
verse used amongst the Greekes, Latins, Italians, 
French, Dutch, or Spanish writers, but may be exr 
prest in English, be it in blanke verse or meeter, im 
distichon or hexastichon, or in what forme or feet, 
or what number you can desire. Thus you see to 
wtiat excellency our refined English is brought, that 
in these daies we are ashamed of that euphony and 
Sequence which, within these sixty years, :the best 
tongues in the land were proud to pronotince. 
Thirdly, playes have made the ignorant more ap- 
prehensive, taught the unlearned the knowledge of 
many fiunous hintories, instructed such as cannot' 
reade in the discovery of all our English Chronicles: 
and what man have you now of that weake capacity, 
that cannot discourse of any iiotable thing recorded 
even from William the Conqueror, nay fron^ the 
Imnding of Brute, until this day, beeing possesst of 
thdr true use ?" 



^ Our antiquity [as actors] we have brought from 
the Grecitas in the time of Hercules : from the Ma- 
cedonians in the age of Alexander: from the 
Romans long before Julius Caesar, and since him 



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through the reigns of tweiity^tbvee eoiperomv, sue* 
eeediDg even to Marcus AiireluM. After him thej 
were supported by the Mantuans, Venetians, Va^ 
lenoians, Neopolitans, the Florentines, and others c 
sinee, bjr the German Prinoes, the Pdsgrave, the 
Landsgrave, the Dukes of Saxonj, of Brounswieke^ 
&c. The Gardinall'i' at Bruxels, hath at this tioM 
in pajr, a companj of our English comedians. The 
French King mllowes ceriaine companies in P^ris, 
Orleans, besides oth^r cities : so doth the King of 
Spaine, in Civill, Madrill, and other (wevinces. 
But in no country they am of that eminence that 
^Nirs are : so our most rojrall, and ever renovaed 
soveraigne, hath lieessed us in London : so did his 
predecessor, the thrice vertoous viigta Queene 
Elizabeth, and before her, hi^ sister Qyeeae Maff , 
Edward the Sixth, and their father, Henry the 
Eighth : and before these in the tenth jpeare of the 
fdgM of Edward the Fourth, Anne 1490, John 
Stowe, an ancient and grave chronicler^ records 
(amongst dther varieties tending to the like effect) 
thai a play was. acted at a place called Sioniaer's*- 
well, fiiet by Glerfcen^well, which eontinued eight 
dftyes, and was of matter from Adam and Eve^ (the 
first crealion o( the wprid*> The epectatevawere 
no worse Hmn the royalty of England. And amongst 
other oommeiidbble exersisesin this place, the Cmtk- 
pany of the Skinners of London held eortaine yearely 
solemne playes. In place whereof now in these 
latter dales, the wreetfing^ and sudi other pastimes 
have beenkept, and isstitt held about Barthelomeai- 
tidie. Also in die year 130& the fourteenth yearn of 

• Cardinall Alfonsus. 



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tbe reigae of Richard the Second, the 18 of July, 
were the like enterlades recorded of at the same 
pbce, which continued thre^ dajes together, the 
King and Queene and nobility being there present. 
Moreover, to this day, in divers places of England, 
there be towns that hold the priviledge of their 
Mres, and ottier charter^ by yearely stage play es, as 
at Man n in gtrce in * Suffolke, Kendall in the north, 
and others, to let these passe, as things fiunitiarly 
knowne to aH men. Now to speake of some abuse 
^lately crept into the quality, as an inveighing against 
ibe state, the court, the Htw, the citly, and their 
governments, with the particularizipg of private 
melius humors (yet alive) noble-men tod others. 
1 know it distastes many ; neither do 1 any way 
•pl^ve it, nor dare I by any meanes excuse it. 
The liberty which some arr^ate to themselves, 
committing their bittemesse, and liberall invectives 
against all estates, to the mouthes of children, sup- 
. posing theirjuniortty to be priviledge for any rayling, 
be it never so violent I could advise all such to 
curbe and limit this presumed liberty within the 
bands of discretion and government. But wise and 
juditial censurers, before whom such complaints 
shall at any time hereafter come, wil not (I hope) 
tmpttte these abuses to any transgression in us, who 
have ever been carefuU and provident to shun the 
tike. I surcease to prosecute this any further, lest 
my gotpd meaning tie (by soqie) misconstrued : and 
bating Mcewise, lest with tediousnesse I tire the 
patience of the fiivourable reader, heere (though 
abruptly) leonclude my third and last Treatise.** 

^ Qiu Euex} 



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160 

At the end of the volume is the following address 
from the author to his bookseller. 

" To my approved good friend, Mr. Nicholas 
Okes. 

^^ The infinite faults escaped in my booke of 
Britaine^s Troy^"^ by the negligence of the printer, 
as the misquotations, mistaking of sillables, mis- 
placing^ halfe lines, coining of strange and never 
heard of words : these being^ without number, when 
I would have taken a particular account of ^the 
erraia^ the printer answered me, hee. would not 
publish his owne disworkemanship, but rather let 
his owne fault lye upon the necke of the author,: 
and being fearfuU thcit others of his quality, had 
beene of the same nature, and condition, and finding 
you on the contrary, so carefuU and industrious, ^o 
serious and laborious, to do the author all the rights 
of jthe presse ; I could not chuse but gratulate.your 
honest, indeavours with this short remembrance. 
Here likewise, I must necessarily insert a manifest 
injury done me in that worke, by taking the two 
Epistles of Paris to JSelmy and Helen to parisy and 
printing th^n^ in a lesse volume, under th^ name 
of another +^ which may put the world in opinion 
I might steale them from him; and hee, to doe 
himselfe right, hath sinpe pul^lished them in his 
x>wne name : but as I must acknowledge my lii)C|s 
not worthy hisv patronage under w^om he hath 
publisht th^m, so the autiipr I know much ofiended 
with M. Jaggard that (altogether unknowne to 
him) presumed to make so bold with his name« 

* Printed in folio^ 1609- . , ^ f Shakspeare. 



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161 

These,* and tbe like diehonestieg, 1 know yon to be 
denre off; and*I could wish bat to bee the happjr 
author of 80 worthjr a worke, as 1 could willingl/ 
commit to your care and workmanship. 

Your's ever, 

Thomas Hetwooo." 

, This little epistle was on^ of the incontrovertible 
proofs adduced by the late Dr. Farmer, in his ad- 
mirable Essay on the. Learning of Shakspeare^ that 
the immortal bard never travelled out of the pale of 
the English language. The two pieces of Paris to 
Heleny and Helen to Paris j were translations by 
Heywood, and inserted in his Britaine*s Troye, 
printed l>y W. Jaggard, in 1609. Jaggard had also 
published The Passionate Pilgrimage in 1599, and a 
third edition in 1612, which was enlarged by the 
Insertion of Heywood's pieces, and is the subject of 
the author's censure in the above Postscript. At 
the end of an invaluable copy of Shakspeare's 
poems, printed by Lintot, having notes and colla- 
tions, with earlier editions, in the hand-writing of 
Dr. Farmer, is the following " N. B. The two pieces 
* My Jlocks feed noty and * As it fell vpon a day i" 
are subscribed Ignoto in England's Helicon, 1600 ; 
hence it appears that Jaggard's collection In 1599, 
where they are ascribed to Shakspeare, was even at 
that'time considered to be of no authority.^ 

J.H. 



Art. DXXL Miscellanea. MedOations. Memora^ 
tiifes. By Elinabeth Grynuston. Non est rtchmy 

VOL. VI. ' M 



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16S 

quod n Dea nou est directum. Itondofi. Prkded 
bjf Melch. BradxiModfar Felix Norton. 1604. 4do» 

From Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, III. 266, it 
appears that this female writer was the daughter ot 
Martin Barney, or Bernye, ofGunton in Norfolk, 
and married Christopher, the youngest son of 
Thomas Griinston, of Grimston, Esq. in the county 
of York, by whom she had issue nine children ; to 
the youngest and only survivor of whom she thus 
inscribed this rare little work. 

" To her loving sonne B^nye Giymeston. 

^^ My dearest Sonne, tliere is nothing so strong 
as the fbrce of love ; there is no love so forcible as 
ihe love of an affectionate mother to ber naturall 
childe: there is no mother can either more effec- 
tionately shew her nature, or more naturaUj 
manifest her affection, than in advising ber children 
out of her owne experience,, to eschue evil, and 
incline them, to do. that which is good. Out of 
these resolutions, finding the libertie of this age to 
i>e such, as that qmcquid libet licety so men keepe 
themselves from criminal offences ; and thy mother's 
undeserved virrath so virulent, as that I have neith^ 
power to resist it, nor patience to endure it, but 
must yeeld to this languishing consumption to which 
it bath brought me : I resolved to breake the bwrren 
goile of my fruitlesse braine, to dictate something 
for thy direction : the rather, for that as I am now 
a dead woman among the living, so stand I doubt- 
fbU of thy other's life: irhidi, albeit, God hafh 
preservad from «glit etveral. aiairter assautti, by 



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168 

wliieh it faatfa beene sought, yet for that I see that 
quern sctpe transit casusy aliquando invenity I leave 
thee this portable verti mecum for thy counseller, in 
which thou maiest tee the true portraiture of thy 
motber^s mmde^ and finde BometUng either to re- 
solve thee in thy doobts, or comfort thee in thy 
distresse; hoping, that being my last speeches, they 
will be better kept in the conservante of thy me- 
morie, which, 1 desire thou wilt make a register of • 
heavenly meditations. For albeit, if thou provest 
learned, as my trust is thou wilt, (for that without 
learning man is but an immortall beast) thou maiest 
happily thinke that if every philosopher fetched his 
sentence, these leaves would be left without lines ; 
yet remember withall, that as it is the best coine 
that is of greatest value in fewest pieces, so 
it is not the worst booke that hath most matter 
Hi least words : 

" The gravfat wits that mest grave works expect^ 
The qualities not quantitie, respect .** 

^Afid the spider's webbe is neither the better 
beeaitte woven out of his owne breast, nor the 
bee^s hony the worse, for that gathered out of many^ 
flowers : neither could I ever brooke to set downe 
tluit hditingly in my broken stile, wbidi I fimnd' 
better expressed by a grave authour." 

This admonitovy epistle runs on to five pages, and 
appears to be the only original part of the publica- 
tion, except the following sonnet by a Scotish writer,^ 
which indicates that the compiler had deceased before 
lier book was printed* 

M 8 



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Simon Graham to the Authoury [or rather — to the 
Work.'] 

** Goe, famous tfaou, with ever-flyiog hme, 

iTbat mak'st Ihy flight on Vertue's wings to soai ; 
In Worlds of hearts goe labjrinth thy name» 

That wonder's selfe may wondrous thee adore. 
Though th' author's selfe triumph in heavenly glore^ 

Thou, sacred wbrke» giv'st mortall life againe : 
And so thy worth hath made her evermore 

In heaven and earth for ever to remaine. 
Her pondrous speech^ her passion and her paine. 

Her pleasing stile shall he admir'd ilke where. 
The fruitful! flowing of her loftie braine 

Doth now bewray a Mother's matchlesse care ; 
While she lives crown'd, amongst the high divines. 

Thou on her Sonne celestial sunne downe shines.** 

Ten pious contemplations occupj^ the first portioii 
of the volume. 

Chap. xi. is entitled <^ Morning Meditation, witb 
sixteene sobs of a sorrowful spirit,* which she used 
for men tall prajer : as also an addition of sixteene 
staves of verse taken out of Peter's Comfdaint^t 
which she usually sung and played on the wiftde 
instrument." This meditation is an intermixture 
of prose and verse. The latter is taken from the 
polished metre of Southwell. 
. Chap. xii. consists of ^^ A Madrigall made by 

t This alliterative title would seem to be borrowed from Hunnis's 
<' Seven Sobs of a sorrowful Soul fur Sin j" printed before 1600. 

f St Peter*iB Complaint, with other poems, by father Southwell, 
appeared in 1595, and had many subsequent impressions ; as has 
been already specified, in the pn^ress of this publication. 



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165 

Bernj Grymestmi upon the conceit of his M otber^s 
play to the former ditties. 

*' How maDj pipes^ a$ maoy sounds 
Do still impart 
To your sonnets hart 
As many deadly wounds : 
How many strokes, as many stounds^ 
Each stroke a dart» 
Each stound a smart, 
Poore captive me confounds. 
And yet how oft the strokes of sounding keys hath slain. 
As oft the look« of your kind eies restores my life againe," 

Chap. xiii. an Evening Meditation, contains 
^< Odes in imitation of the seven penitential psalmes 
in seven severall kinde of verse." Taken perhaps 
from the poems of Yerste^n, noticed in Censura, 
Vol. II. p. 165. 

Chap, xiiii. and last, entitled ^^ Memoratives,^' 
comprehends a selection of ancient moral maxima 
and sententious reflections, which are highly credit- 
able to the maternal tenderness and good sense of the 
selector. 

T.P. 

Art. DXXII. The Six Bookes of a Common^ 
» Weale. Written hy J. Bodifiy a famous Lawyevy 
and a man of great experience in matters of State. 
Out of the French and Latine copies^ done into 
English^ by Richard Knolles. London^ Impensis 
G. Bishop^ 1606. Imprinted by Adam Islip. 
Fo/.jRp.794. 



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lyedkation hy Kndttes. 

To my most especiall good friend, Sir Peter 
Manwood, KDight of the Honourable Order of tbe 
Bath. 

« Sir, 
^^ Grathering matter to continiie the lives of the 
"Turkish Emperours, but finding nothing, hetherto 
worthj the writing, more than matters common:- 
such having been the policies of latter times, as to 
keepe secret the reasons and certain knowlege of t|ie 
doings of great estates, ^hat if some of the most 
wise, mightie, and honourable, sitting at the helmes 
of Commonweales, doe not shew the wajr, ppsteritie 
will be defrauded of the most excellent things that 
many ages havQ before brought forth: and yet 
succeeding times shall bring to light so much as 
God in his owne time ^eth best for the good o( the 
CU^isitian Commonwealth. The Sarasio Historie 
also not to be performed without the light of their 
.own Chronicles, and the stories of many other 
countries by them conquered and possessed ; a more 
fan^ous and toightie people, and of longer conti- 
iiuaDce than the Turkes, and the first planters, 
spreaders, and matntainers of the Mahometane re- 
ligion : be^des tbe difiiculty of the labour to .so 
weakeabody^ apace declining, wanting all comfort 
and belpe but your owne, by the experience of so 
' many yeares spent in the former (and the beginning 
of this, which you have so long since ^eene) I doubt 
(if it please God I live to performe it) I must urite 
it shortly, as I did the generall Historie to my 



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167 

Lives. In the mean time having had some leisure, 
and loath to bestow good houres evill, I thought 
good to translate these Six Bookes of Bodin his 
CommonweaHhj which I here commend unto you. 
But Sir, my most worthy and only friend, if beside 
the divers formes of Commonweales, and such other 
worthie matter, {^s is here by the author set downe, 
you wish also to see by lyhat lawes and customs 
they have been also governed, a thing infinite; I 
instead of all rektre you unto the reading of th^ 
Common Law of this realme, which without all 
doubt in the. auntient puritie thereof, for religious 
sinceritie, wisdom, power, and equall upright jus- 
tice, excelleth all the laws of men that ever yet 
were, and a knowledge best beseeming the noble 
gentrie of this land. To make an end, the whole 
labours of my life have been and ever shall be com- 
fortable to me when they please you, to whom I have 
wholly dedicated myselfe. The Lord in his great 
mercy Qver keepe you and all yours. From Sand* 
wich^ this 18th day of December 1605. 

" Yours ever to be commaunded, 

Rich. Knolles.'* 

I transcribe this dedication, because so little is 
known of the writer, of whose History of the Turks 
Johnson speaks highly in his Rambler. Knolles was 
a clergyman and schoolmaster at Sandwich, in Kent, 
from which town sprung the celebrated lawyer Sir 
Roger Manwood, father of Sir Peter. 

As to the subject of this work, the Translator in 
hh Address to the Reader, says, '^ Long and nrany 
yeares agoe Plato, Xenophon, and Aristotle, and 



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166 . 

in the memorie of our fetbers Sir Thomas Sfporc, 
(sometimes Lord Chauncellour of this lant)) all men 
of great fame and learning, and besides them not 
many moe, .v/bose works in the space of 2000 years 
. ever came to light, tooke this so noble and weigbtie 
an argument in hand ; which they yet so passed 
through, Aristotle only excepted, as that in their most 
grave and learned discourses is to be seene a cer- 
taihe imaginarie forme 'of a perfect commonweale, 
by themselves diversly fantasied, such as indeed 
never was, either yet ever shall 1be, rather than any 
true shape or fashion of such a perfect estate and 
commonweale, as hath indeed been, or yet reason- 
ably may be set downe for an example for others 
to imitate and conforme themselves unto. So that 
according to these great and learned men's high and 
stateiie conceits, was never yet any commonweale 
framed, neither yet any great matter from theirso 
absolute imaginations drawn, for the behoofe and 
profit of such estates and common weales, as have in« 
deed since been, and wherein we now live. ' Which 
I say not in any thing to impaire or deminish the 
fame and credite of these so renowned and excel- 
lent men, whose memoriall live for ever, but onely 
that the strong opinion conceived of the gr^at know- 
ledge of them, so grave and learned auntients, and 
especially in matters of state^ wherein they as 
schoolemen had but little or no experience, might 
not be altogether prejudiciall unto the honourable 
and reasonable endevors of some others of our time, 
DO lesse, yea and happily better, acquainted with 
the studies and afiaires of estates and common wealea 
than they were. For if the true value of things bee 



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Hi9 

to be deemed by the neces^arie mud profiteble use 
thereof, I see not what should let, but that the Six 
Bookes ef lo. Bodin De Repub. wherein hee, being 
himselfe a most famous civilian, and a man much 
employed in the publicke affaires both of his Prince 
and countrey, so orderly and exactly prosecutetb 
all formes and fashions of commonweales, with the 
good and eyill, the perfections and imperfections 
incident unto the same, and many other matters and 
questions most necessarie to be knowne for the 
maintenance and preservation of them, may well be 
compared, yea and happily not without cause also 
preferred before any of them, which have as yet - 
taken that so grejit an argument upon them. Which 
bookes by him for the common good of his native 
countrey onely, first written in French, (and seven 
times printed in three yeares «pace, a thing not 
common) at duch time as that mightie kingdom 
began now after the long and bloodie civile warres 
againe to take breath, were by him afterwardes for 
the publicke benefit of the rest of the Christian 
kingdomes and commonWeales turned into Latine 
also : which to doe he was the rather mooved, for 
that, as hee himselfe sayth, at the time of his em- 
ployment here in England, he certainly understood 
* one Olybius a Frenchman, privately in noble men's 
houses in London, and another likewise in the 
University at Cambridge, with great obscuritie and 
difficultie there to interprete those his bookes of a 
commonweale, then written but in French onely : 
which wad as much as in him lay to make the same 
common unto all men, the chiefe acope and drift of 
him in the whole worke hwg to make the subjects 



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t>bedient unto the magistrates, the magistrates unto 
the princes, and the princes unto the lawes of God 
and Nature. Which his so good atnl Christian an 
intent and purpose in some part to further, I out of 
French and Latine copies have into our owne vulgar 
translated that thou seest : seeking therein the true 
sense and meaning of the author, rather than pre- 
cisely following' the strict rules of a nice trans- 
lator.*' 

Aet. DXXUI. a Brief e of the Bible's History; 
Drawne first into English poest/^ and then illus" 
irated hy a^t Annotations : whereto is now added a 
Synopsis of the Bible^s doctrine. The third JEdi" 
Hon: in sundry things amended and enlarged. By 
Henoch Clapham. Imprinted at London by R. B. , 
for Nathaniell Butter. 1608. IQmo. 

Henoch Clapham was the publisher of other 
performances. The present diminutive work is in- 
scribed to Henry, Prince of Wales. An Address 
follows, ** to all young one's ih Christ's schoole." 
iThe second part is dedicated to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury. TBe Annotations display much bibli- 
<isX knowledge, but the metre is so contracted as 
^most to threaten annihilation to the sense and 
meaning of scripture ; while it possesses not the 
rhythm of verse. The New Testament is thus com- 
menced, in what this Lilliputian poet calls ^^ the first 
staflfe.*" 

*• IiKraiea« Herod 
Kiftg ia Judea, 



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Wh«t time h«e riigM 
otr l«cob*f jiter apprares : 
Jesvt it borne, 

ImaianoeJ, Ifettiah^ 
Shiiok, the aeed 
of woaMd, in fall jrearei : 
A virgii brtogs 

bim Ibrtb ; «veB Maury, who 
Betrothed was 
to Joseph, all sliould knov;'' 

The prose commentarjr on this metrical brief ez« 
tends to eight pages. ♦ 

T.P. 

Abt. BXXIV. 7%e Blazm ofjealovsie. A fi** 
ject not xDritten of hy any heretojbre. FtrA nriMen 
in Italian^ hy that learned gentleman^ Benedetto 
Varchij sometimes Lord Chauncelor vnto the Sig* 
norie of Venice : q.nd translated into English^ mtk 
speciall notes vpon the same. By R. T.Gentle* 
num. London. Printed by T. S. for John' Busbie^ 
and are to be sould at his shop in S. DunstmCs 
Chutch-yard in Fleet street. 1615. 4to. pp. 87, 
exclusive of preface^ 8^. which comprise 14 more. 

The dedication from the English translator is 
^ To Sir ESdward Dimmock Knight, the most wor- 
thy and generous champion vnto the Sacred Ma- 
iestie of Great Britaine, &c.^ This is signed R. T« 
and dated ^^ from mj lodging in Holborne, this 7 of 
November, lei*."* 

« Tbit mrtide wis oMftted, by tieniffltt, among th< "Poetry, t» 
wliich it belongs. 



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<< The Blazon of Jealoasj" was, it appears, 
first written an4 delivered as an oration before the 
academy of the Infiammati at Padua by Yarchi ; it 
was then published in Itdian by Francesco Sanso- 
vino, an intimate friend of the author's, who dedi- 
cates it ^^ to the no lesse noble then fiiire, an^l yet 
not more faire then learned, the Lady Gaspara 
Stampa." The translator was Robert Tofte, and 
it is evident he was acquainte<i with the most 
eminent writerst of his day, and was himself a 
ppet4 

Prefixed to the work are short accounts of the 
author and the nrst publisher, which are followed 
by comB^andatory verses addressed to the translator-; 
these are signed ^^ II Incognito, Anth. Mar. W^hJ^ 
The last are not inharmonious. 

*' So many write, some for the fame of prayse ; 

And some their empty houres to entertaine; 
That bookes are held but in these later dayes, 

Th' abortive issue of an idle braine. 

And hence proceeded the generall disesteeme. 
The great neglect of Learning, and of Wit; 

When men proue not in action what they seeme. 
But write their fancyes, rather then whaf s fit, 

* In the notes to this work several persons are mentioned, parti- 
cularly Henry Constable, whom be terms an ** old acquaintance 
and friend ;" Thomas Watson, '' a quondam kind acquaintance ;*' 
Drajrton, George Wither, and others. 

k . • . • 

f In a note, p. f?, he says that he translated ** Ariosto's Satires 

into English verse, with Notes upon the same, although," conti- 
nues he, << unknown to me^ tbey were set fi^th in another man*s 
name." 



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173 

■ Wbieb errooT tkou obseniiog, and our t^s 
Fallen into tn incurable disease, 
Walk'st not with tbose^in couimon equipagie. 

But writ'st as well to profit as to please. 
Tbis little booke sbewes wit and learning to, 
A great deale mo/e than greater volumes doe."* 

After the ^^ Blazon of Jealous^r'* is a long poem, 
in octave measure, entitled ** The Fruits of Jealousie. 
Containing the disasterous Chance of two English 
JLoverSy ouer-throwne through meere Conceit ofjea^ 
lousieJ* Tbis is preceded by an address ^^ to the 
courteous reader," in which the author says, '^ I had 
thought for thy better contentment to haue inserted 
(at the end of this booke) the disastrous fall of three . 
noble Romane gentlemen ouertbrowne thorow jea- 
tovsie, in their loijes; but the same was, (with 
Ariosto's Satyres translated by mee out of Italian 
into English verse, and notes upon the same,) 
printed without my consent or knowledge, in another 
man^s name : so that I might iustly (although not so 
worthily) oomplaine as Virgil did : 

* Hos ego versiculos feci, tulit alter bonores.' 

^^ In lieu whereof, I make bold to acquaint thee 
with another like subiect, of an English gentleman, 
a quondam deare and neare friend of mine, who was 
so strangely possest with this fiend jealousie, as 
(not many years aince) through a meere fiintasticque 

* I omit giring any extract {rom this work of Varchi, owing to 
the matter being to connected as to render it impofsible without a 
complete analysis, wliicb the limits of CsHsuaA Litsrakia will not 
allow. The notes by the Translator, which are rery namerous» 
prove th•«x^l|t ^f bis retding, aii4 io him tte 0KM«t credit 



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and conceited suspicion, after be fmd long* enjoyed 
the friendship of a ^re gentlewoman, he (on the 
sodaine) sbooke her ofi^ and tttetly forsooke her, 
sending her (fbr his last fere- well) this most bitter 
and vnkinde letter following.** — 

^^ As for the verse I must confesse, -tis like the old 
Venetian hose^ of an auncient fashion : but thou 
must consider that some (though not many) yeeres 
are past and gone, unce this was made : at what 
time, it was well liked and much sought after/ But 
this nice age, wherein wee. now line, hath brought 
more neate and teirse wits into the world ; yet must 
not old George Gascoigne, and Turberuill, with 
such others, be altogether rieiected, since they first 
' break the ice for our painter poets, that now write, 
that they might the more safer swimme in the maine 
ocean of sweet poesie/' 

Well may the " Loue (but not louing) letter/' 
for such is the running title, be compared to ^^ old 
Venetian hose;" for never can more tattered, more 
coarse, or more unfashionable poetry be perused; if 
the following can be termed poetry. 

** When cherries could not gotten be 

With us, for money, love, nor fee, 

I four-«core mites did send in hast. 

Lest that thy longing should be past. 

And for Mie pound, tive pounds I paid, 

Bdbre my man could have (hem weighed: * 

So got f thee, rare plumbs and nuts. 

Pears, apples too to fill thy guts ; 

Thou sayest these were but trifles all, 

YnX coat tb(^ »ot as trijks wfoS}^** 

1 attf tireu ' w tftinsti'ibing, as I doubt not tnd rea** 



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476 

der 18 of perueing, this liH9eBtAble lepirtk^ wbidi 
we are told had such eflfect od the tender heart of 
the lady as to deprive her of life; it is eigiied 
^' Thifte own onee, R* M," 

I am ioclimd to auppoae. the book veiy mge^ as I 
caanot di^ootw a €0|i|! of it mentieaed id anj of the 
most eminent catalogues I possess. 

P.B- 



Art. DXX V. The Compters Common^wedth ; or 
^ a voiage made io an Infemall Ihmd long since disr 
couered by many CaptaineSy Seafaringmeny Gen» 
itemen, MarchantSy and other Tradesmen: hut the 
conditionsy natures, and qualities of the people there 
inhabitingy and of those that trafficke mth themy 
were neuer so truly expressed or liuely seifoorth as 
by William Fennor his Majesties servant, London 
by Edward Griffin for George Gibbesy and are to 
be sold at his shoppe in Pauls Churchyard at the 
signeofthe Floure'de-luce. 1617. ito. pp. S5. 

DflCKAB attacked the glaring vices roaming at 
large; Feitnob's work is on a more confined scale. 
As an unfortunate debtor he heooines acquainted 
with, and describes the city serjeatits and jailors ; 
the manner of an arrest, and the disorderly custom 
of extoi^ting garnish and other fees in a prison. . The 
address to the readers is inscribed '' to aU casheerd 
captaines, or other their inferiour Oifficers, heedlesse 
aad beadlesae young gratlemen, especially elder 
brothers, forsaken seruingnnen, roaripg-boye% 
broken-citizeas^ country-clients * or. any other of 
wh/^i art or fiudUoa^ soouer^ that sbaU by ahaocei 



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father mischinoe) be viiresistabljr encoijiDtred^ and 
8o become tenants against their wils, within the 
territories of this ensuing Common-wealth, greeting 

and meeting, rather at an ordinary then here. 

t'rom the Compter in Wood street, 1616, Octob. 23. 
Yotirs in what he may, thus bestraited and distract* 
ed, William FennorJ*^ 

The Serjeants that tooke him into custodj are thus 
described. ^' The one had a face ten times worse then 
those Jewes that are pictured in Arras-hangings 
whipping Christ, bid blacke hair hung dangling about 
his eares like.elfelockes, that I cannot be pers waded, 
but some Succubus begot him on a witch ; his nose 
was precious, richly rubified, and shined brighter 
than any summer^s snout in Lancashire. The other of 
these Pagans had a pbisnomy much resembling the 
Sarazen's head without Newgate, and a mouth as 
wide vaulted as that without Bish^psgate : 1 was in 
a great doubt whether he were an Englishman or 
no, for I was certified a l^ane begot him on a 
Switzer's wife : and to make himshew the more like 
himselfe, his ill fauoured visage was almost eaten 
through with pock-holes, so that halfe a parish of 
children might easily haue playd at cherry^pit in his 
face." 

The tract is divided into ten chapters. In Hie 
third Fennor is introduced to another ^ard, where 
he obtains an acquaintance that afterwards advises 
a publication of the secrets of the prison-hoUse. The 
demand on his entrance and introduction to his new 
associates is thus given. 

" Sir, are you a prisoner ? Yea, «r, said ij for- 
tune and tte world haue beene my heavy aduersari^ 



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177 

who coBsp&riiig together hMie cooclvdfed Aal I nfml 
lie beere while the Diuiae prouideiioe doth break 
the adamantine hood of my dull and Saturnine mis** 
haps. Butdf) sayd he, haue ytm any money ? If 
I haue none (sayd I) make no dovbt but my sup^ 
plies will come in to morrow, and then what is fit 
to be done, I wil se satisfied : nay (said he) I must 
not be procrastinated) prorogued or .demurred with- 
%\\f I mqst haue a garnish of you ; a parcell of eigh- 
teene pence, I will not qpare you if you were -my 
frther; i beleeued him, therefore . gaue him faire 
words, desiring him to bee calmer, and the next 
money that 1 was blest withall, he should jMirtiei- 
pate of: at this answer bee begamie to locke as 
icttruily on me, as a whore cm a constable, a begger 
on a beadle or whipping post, as a cheater on a 
justice; and began to rent out three or foure three- 
pild, huge Basilisco oaths, that would haue tome a 
Roring-*boye*s eMres in a thousand shatters, telling 
mee, that the quality of my vsage should bee ac- 
cording to the quaptity of my moqey : which I found 
true, .for when it drew neerebed time, he brought 
me to a priliy lodging (or indeed a lodging neigh- 
bonring nigh the priuy) for the chamber stinkes 
woffse. all the yeere long, then a jakee-fiurmefs clothes 
' Hfidh at tiaelae a docke at night. But dayes rosiate 
finger had no sooner beared out the eyes of night, 
bnt I got vp, and beganne in a solitary and sadde 
mmner to moume and pitty mjselfe, being more 
amasfd th^n those that dreamed they saw hell, and 
bad felt the tortures thereof, or those that drunke 
of Circe's cups, and fe)t theinselues turning mon- 
Mi||!^# . Being thus drencht in a boundle^ sea of 

TOL. YI. K 



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178 

iieknclloilyry far ikt wfusb e( a fbrtniglM or tWet 
weckes toge Aer, I resoloed to walke idto the jUrd^ 
to see if I toold espie angr of my frieiidfl that were 
in the vmsiet^ud^^ * purpoaMigr to spend the day 
awf^ in disdoiirae) but I walht there an bomre or 
tnore, and «aW none but sach as ir^re as m^atif 
cholly ^ my selfe; so I deteroiified to waUce fp 
again^ ; bnt by ebancc I turned my head aaida^ and 
saw the oelfair doone standing open, gaping to swal- 
low any prisoner that drew neere, so hoping to 
finde softie ot*.my old acquaintance there, I stept 
downe, and being no sooner descended, but I be*^ 
heldacdiBpaiiy.ofgeotlemeii, all prisoners, setting 
at a square taide, making themsekies exceeding 
merry with the musike the cans made, being as 
brimfiill ^f beere, as mine heart was of melalichoUy, 
or theirs of mirth, sovie hauiag their pqpes nenfr 
out of their, mouthea, who puft more itmoaiB^ out of 
their noses, then euer came oat ef Gole-harblir 
thimneyes, or any brewhduse in Saint Katberiaes : 
some againe singing as merrily^ as if they had becaie 
as free as the moontaine aifet I seeing them in 
these BacdiaftaiiaU rages, fiihie would haoe sUpl by 
them^ but one that sat at Ae vpper end of iheiahle 
(hauing a can in one hand and a pipe iki die o t h er) 
dbsired me to approach and bee aaeaf tfi^hr seei^y 
(protesting moire kindbesse to me, then a Datdi- 
maaoL will when he is druirise) so prolBRrred me faaife 
a can ; I tolde bin I could aat pledge hkn ae muoh, 
but I would drinke a whelk one in eonoeit; adiy 
quoth he^ not drinke, Foot, man at is thesaule^of 
good FeUowdiip^ the mattrow of a poet'e Mineraa^ 
it makes a man as vaKeat as Hettules, thoughdie 



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i¥ere at eowardljr as a FrenchsiaB when he ia sober; 
besidei I will prooue it necessary for a man to be 
ckuake sometimes, for suppose you should kill a 
man when you are dranke, you should neuer be 
hanged fer it while you are sober, tberfore I thinke 
it is^good for you to be alw^ies drunk. Againe, it is 
the kindest ooiQf anion and friendliest sin of all the 
seauea, for whereas most sinnes lemie n man (by 
.some accident) before his death, this trusty Trojan 
Dvuokennesse will neuer forsake him while the 
breath is out erf bis body ; and lastly, a Adl bofir)e 
of sadce or clarret, or a can 9( strong bem'e, wi)l 
drownd fdl sorrowes: indeed sir, said I, whether 
^t wiQ drowpd all sorrowes or no, I am not greatly 
^jqperteoct in, but I am sure it will drownd our 
soules; yet sir, foryourkinchiessel wiUbfstow thp 
curtesie of the cellar vpon you, and so 1 called for 
halfe a dozen, and dranke a little to them all; 
another that was opposite against mee, askt me if 1 
would drink tobaceo, so proi&red ma the pipe, 
vAich I denied, telling him that I would not bej 
oonnersaot with that Indian wbore, that not only 
the lords and gentry of the land had committed 
adnUtary with, but also eyery tinker, coblar and 
dray-^man of the citty. Why, said be, it is an ex- ' 
oellent p«rge for the head; true, sayd I, but it is a 
TiUe purge for the purse, and that for mine owne 
part, I had rather .have a peece of pudding of an 
inph long for mine owpe eating, then twenty yards 
of piudding tobacco for. my drinking: they seeing 
nqr fist and soDid rescflntion. Jet me ^one to hane 
myiie Awiie homour as they bad theirs; $o that ipe 
sat #9peediig pnffQF jwifiont wy melwicholiy ^, 



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180 

and at last I began to giue ^m a touch of my 
quality ; but after we began to hte more fkmiliar 
together, he that first entertained me, whispered 
me in the eare, ahd tolde mee, if hee thought I 
would bee secret, hee would reueale that to- me, 
which 8h6uld not onely foreuer gaine me a neoer- 
dying memory, but also would be an vnknowen 
profit to the Ctfmmon-wealth ; 1 promised him to 
be as secret a^ any surgeon : then hee catled me 
aside from the rest of our company, and tolde m^, 
if I would repaireto him in the morning, he would 
hmboweil the hugestbuike of villany, that euer was 
burthensome to the world, that hee would aiiatoiliise 
vice, and lay the vlcert and sores of this corrujrt^ 
age, so apparent to the sight of this kingdom, that 
the most ospray, and owle-eyed spectator should 
not chuse but confesse, there neuer was a more 
necessary and corabiodious discotiery reuealed. 
Why sir, sayd* I, there is a booke called Greene's 
Ghost haunts Cony-catchers; another called Leger- 
demaine, and the Blacke Dog of Newgate,' but the 
most wittiest, elegantest lind' eloquehtest peece 
(Master Dekkers, the true heire of Apollo com- 
posed) called the Bell-man of London, hnue already 
^t foorth the vices of the time so viuely, that it is 
vnpossible the'anchor of any other ttian's brains cftn 
sounde ihe sea of a more deepe and dreadfiit mis- 
cheefe. These indeede, sayd he, hdoe done (espe- 
cially the last) most exquisitely, both for their 
owne reputation, and their countreyes good, but I 
liaue that lockt vp in the closet of my brest, that 
when it is opened and made apparent to you will 
amaze you. Therefore I admire that the fiibricke 



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181 

4)f the earth b not contionally shaken with earth* 
quakes, that the earth itselfe (as she is a mother to 
beare all kinde of fruit) doth not ingender all kinde 
6f murthering and killing creatures, as harpies^ 
cockatrices, wolues dnd hjenas to destroy ttiose 
that are cootinuaily trampling, on her teeming 
.wombe ; that the aire is not choaked with fogs, and 
that hiacke pitchy mists doth not perpetuallj masque 
tiie fiiee of heauen, and leaue the world in-obscuriljr, 
putting vs in minde of Our sinnes, a thousand times 
blficker then that edipse: and lastly, that. the sea 
k not t4irnd all to blood to put vs in minde of the 
<»cruetty ^nd vnconscionaUe vsage of one roan towant 
another, for there are vices in this sinne-drownd 
age, that are able to pull tlie two-edged sword of 
vengeance on our heads, and plucke fire from the 
forge of lieauen ; I admire that we haue not leane- 
fiiced &mtne, meager mortality, pale sickn^sse, and 
grim-faced warre tyraoaieing in this land, as once 
it did in Jerusalem, in the time of Titus and Ves- 
pasian, when the glorious sanctum sanctorum was 
set on fire; when the fields were filled with 
slaughtered carkasses, and when the mother for want 
of food, was driuen to kill her owne child, to quench 
her owne hunger." J. H, 

Art. DXXVI. A Treasury cf Ecclesiasticall Ex* 
positions J vpon the difficult and doubtfull places 
of the Scriptures^ collected out of the best esteemed 
Interpreters^ both auncient and moderne^ together 
with the author'' s judgement^ and various observa* 
iions. Conteining 270 Texts, throughout the 
Gospels of MatheWy Marke^ Luke, and John, and 
the Acts of the Apostles. The very pith, and 



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^' ekoietst itmtUs of tmmjf booker in mte^ mtia^ 

V satisfying resaluHon ofab&ve a ihousMd Quts^Hm^ 

y In s$tid Dimnitte. The next page shetteih the 

nwnts »f the Writers^ whose expositions foUaw ih 

- this Booke. By John Mat/et^ B. D. London. 

. Printed hy J. D. for Jdhn Bettamie^ and ate to 

be sold at his shdp atike Txt)o Greyhounds in G&fn6* 

hHl^ meert the Roytdl Exchange^ t&&. 

'flmi II i l i f I I I \'w . f \^s=s=s:sis=t:i^^isss^:^!=ssi:^isssesitss^ 
eART. DXXyiL Villames di$eouertd by Lan- 
*■ thotne ahd CaMle4ight,^ imd the heipe of a New 
* Otyef- called O per se O. Being an addition to 
i ' the Belmam^s second Night^ttmlke : and a , laying 
i wpen if^ the world of those Abases, vMch the BeU 
rman because he went V th* darJte) cbuM not set. 
With Canting songs neuer before printed. Lon- 
' Son s PHnted by John Busby^ 8f are to be sMat 
^ hii shop m St. Dnn^iones Church-yarde in Fleet- 
^ strete^ 1616. ito. m leavsp. < 

fefiYOND the history of Kings, statesmen, with 
other elevated characters, and the traveller's fit' 
^tuye of foreign nations, a vacuum remains in 
^depicting the whole community from the want of 
the annals and manners of little knaves. Some 
portion of domestic information may be ^[leaned 
from the Villanies discovered, or such works as the 
life of Bamfylde Moore Carew; the Blackguardiana; 
Scoundrel's Dictionary, ancl too faithful records of 
the Tyburn Chronicle. These works, while it re- 

« In ^ the ctf€B 6l Rome**, als Loadon, a feong m the later edi- 

. lions of Heywood^ ** Rape of L%-cre<;e j" i% 

.^ ^* Lanthorne and Caedle ligbt liere^ 

f Maid, a l}ght here. 

^ i . .. ^ Th«B go the eries^" l(Ci 



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\ a truiam». Ibat ^< ooe half the world doos not 
know hpw the ot\)^ h%lf lives,*' cuiiosky will con* 
tiiHie to tppiseciate at an high and incredUile value. 
Tbis popularity arises from the local nature of the 
^lang^pbrase or anting dialect used bj petty thieves^ 
of which the latest puVlicatioa from 8hoe-lane is 
always in newest fiisbion. The niQst jBnished cha- 
raeter of this description^ who hm imhihed it from 
infrncy^ as when 

« On Ncw^te slqii Jairk Cbinct was fbuad. 
And bnnight vp imif St. Giles's peimd* 
And bimiiht «p the^ by Bidiafsgste Nan ;" , 

if taken knmedialely flmn Ua iostmolress to »foraed 
penHenli«rf aecAn^on of o«ly mx nMitha, wonU 
find, t>n revMtingf fcisold haonto, .that the diafed 
had been new modelled and the fiight*hiMMe senit 
iNH^ the mily proepeel 0f Meovenng the charaeter 
of an adept in* his active toogoa. W^U wane it if 
this craaup gibberish vested oniy in the mavths af 
saeh lawless %«rletB. ^ 

The VUUmei Disc&^ered was written by ThaaMB 
Dedcar. At the back of the title soH>e lines as the 
Bel«an'« ety ; a short address to the reader socceada 
with table -of contents ; and the woik is xHvided inSo 
seventeen clbaplerB, which iarms an amusing desorip 
tion of the various nesls<if swindlers of that period. 
Jiane are known libr ^11 groping, fernetttisg^ hawk* 
lag, jades of the «look«'hoiise, rank*riders, maaa 
tnan, jyaglers, &C'&c. Under Ihe class of hawhing 
is explained the trick of false dedications. 

* In a club iDf tUAf oeUb^iiyy «taio^)flgurwbed' in the 9ietropoli& 
a few y^atf since, an attempt ^as nade to establish this bigb 
policed synopomy. 



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184 

<^ Faidconers. Of a new Jnnde of Hamhmgf tead^ 
ing how to catch Birds iy Bookes* 
^^ Hrating and bawking are of a kin, and tfabre* 
fore it is fit they should keepe company together s 
both of them are nobl^ games, and recreations, 
Bonest and healthfull ; yet they may bee so abused 
that nothing T»n bee more huftfulL In hunting, the 
game is commonly still before you, or i'th hearing, 
and within a little compasse. In harrking, the game 
flies farre off, and oftentimes out of sight : a couple 
of rookes therefore (that were birds of the last fea- 
ther) conspired together to leaue theirnest in the 
ckae, and to flutter abroad, into the countrie,: upon 
two leane hackeneies, were these two doc^cMrdoddi* 
pok horst^ cittilly suited, that they might cary abcMrt 
them some badge of a schoUer. 
f <^ The dinell's rank-rider, that came jfrom the Uut 
city hunting, vnderstanding that. two such lighjt- 
korsemeo were gone a hawking, posts after and 
ouertakes them. After some, ordinary high- way 
talke, hee begins to question of what profession 
they were? One of them smiling scornfully in his 
fiice, as thinking him ta be' some gul (and indeed 
such fellowes take all men for gula, who they thtnhe 
to be beneath them in qualitie) told him they were 
falconers. But the foxe that foUowied them, seeing 
BO properties (belonging to a fidconer) about them, 
flmek knauerie, took them for a paire of mad rascids, 
and therefore resolued to see at what these fidconers 
would let flie. • 

" How to cast up the Lure. 

^' At last on a suddaine, sayes one oif them to 



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bim, sir, we haue sprung a partridge, and so fiire 
you well : which words came sUrannering out with 
the haste thut they niad^, for presently the two 
foragers of the countrie were vpon the spurt 
Plutoe's post seeing this, stood still to watch theni) 
and at length saw them in maine gallop make to* 
ward a goodly iajrre place, where either some knight, 
or some great gentleman kept; and this goodly 
house bdike was the partridge which those (hlconers 
Imd sprung. Hee being loth to loose his share in 
this hawking, and hauing power to transforme him- 
a^lf as he listed, came thither as soone as they, but 
beheld all (which they did) inuisible. They both, 
¥ke two^knigfats errant, alighted at the gate, knocked, 
and were let in r the one walkes the backneyes, iti 
an outward court, as if he 'had beene but squire to 
Sir Dagonet. The other (as boldly as S. George, 
when he dhired the dragon at this very den) marched 
imdauntedty vp to the hall, where looking ouer 
those poore creatures of the house, that weare but 
the bare blew-coats (for AquUa non^apit Mn$att) 
what riiouM a falconer meddle with flies ? he onely 
salutes him that in his eye seems to be a gentleman- 
Mke fellow : of him he askes for his good knight, or 
so, and says that he is a gentleman come from 
London on a businesse, which he most deliner to 
his owne worshipfull eare. Up the staires does Inraue 
mount Dragon ascend ; the knight and he encounter, 
and with this stafie does hee valiantly charge vpen 
him. 

" How the Bird is caught. 
^' Sir, 1 am a poore schemer, and the report of 



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your vlftiies liath dnwae me bkber, lifoturoiudtf 
boU to fix yottir worthy Dame m a palroniig^ (o a 
poora-^ort diseoqnse, which bafO I dedicate (m< 
of my loue) (o your aoble and etennall m^oMMy ^ 
Ihis speech Ha vtiers barely. 

^^ Tha hawking pamphletar is thea jbid to pat ooi 
whil^ iria Mitceilane Mmc&am^ opent a boakoifajyf^y 
iq^fMtfeld ia teUom, with fi}|>-6Ual% aad fouscKpfnfgr 
ailka ribboa at laasli liloe \x\iU streamers, oa the top 
4)f a march-fiaiia castle^ baling daagling b)r at tb^ 
Jfaure oorMrs : the title. beifig guperfieially aNyriiai4> 
io the next leafe baa aeev tiiai the nathor baa iNitb 
made bkn one of )m go^ipt^ far tba bo#lo \mmm 
bia Worsbip'a naiae, and vjuiar it ^aadt a#f|M9d(e 
iu$t the iMgth of a if eaahman'i graoa before4ina«v> 
.wbicb ^ fefig inongbfor any booke in coaa^iaiKe, 
.uriease the wrker be vnraasonaUe* 

"< TbeKaJghtbei^g^ald before haad^ that this 

hiAe amdbeama of Phcebas <«biainf tboa bmldy in 

print) batk.his jaiteor at my waiting irf oa hM^in the 

(oatwrard aourt, tliaaka biai for bis Joue ^ bboar^ 

^fld consktering wiib hknielfe, what coat be ImHa 

been Brt^ and bow far be haA ridden iA com^ to bba^ 

bee knoil^es Ibat patrona and igadfiitbere, am to pay 

aool and fotalii^ and therefore to cfteriab hja fovms 

'ftnd icinder auiee, be gioes him foaire or am nngak^ 

imiitiiq^ hian either to stay breafa^at, 4m* if the 

.atton^oitaH of y< faousa points towards elec^ir^ 4ban 

.'iotarrie dinner. 

*^ Row the Bird is drest. 

** But th6 fis^h being caught (for which our Heli- 
eoaiaii anglenr thi« w oirt his Hum) wttb tbanhea, and 



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Itgges, nd UNinff km (Mtm baM, lie ^tvti. Kd 
wMnt 11 bM borst) Imt his liotd«r (%lio titt 4lii# 
while wtllced the iades^ and Imlrali vp and dowM 
with bin like an TudiaerMif pki^ for halfe ft fliiare) 
aikes tbia qwMmm, atonvet or IMH ? Stimwea, triea 
the whole aharer and a halfo; awaj then^ replied 
tbefin^flietoowiieat ThiatieBt iftneaerintiM 
aaane townti but cattnaobly a inile €it two off, and it 
m nothing ebe but the next taoerne thejr cotfne to. 
Bnt the village klo whiehtbijr rode b^g not aide 
to oNkintrinean Hijrbiiib, an ulehoua^ wai their iMie; 
when adnandng t he— c l nea into tile Ihnnedt cham* 
ber» and be-«paaking the beat ift^Btie in tfle toUM 
fbr ^tinner) downe thejr §it^ and rfiare belbt« Ih^jr 
apeake of nnj tbtqg «!«• That done, he ttiat ventorM 
vpon all he meetes, and discharges the paper bnltefd 
(ibf to tellrtmtb, the other seraea but as a iigne, 
and ia meerely no*%odjr) -b(^(4na to diseonraa', how 
he carried hinselfe in the attbn, how he was en* 
cottivtred; h(Mrbe eflood to his tackling, and bow 
"w^ll hecameofft heecaltUie knight a noUeWidldwi; , 
^et they both shmg, and Inugh, and swe^r thej are 
glad'they bane giM Um. 

^ More arrows mini Ibey shootn of the sane 
length that this first was of, and therefore there h 
truncke fuU of trinckets, that is to say^ dieir budget 
ofbookes is opendagaine, to see what leafe they 
tnre totume oner nai^ whidi whilst they are dooing, 
the ghoit that «M thiii spate haunted ttntei, and hard 
-wbat they said, haning e^tcellent ddll in th^ black 
art, that is to say, in piddng of lockies, makes th& 
door^ suddenly ite Open, whkh tkey had closely 
ab^t At hia strange eatritfce they being some- 



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irbat agtBif l^gM to thiiffle away Qt^k books, but 
jbe knowiQg what cards they plaid withall, bflfred to 
cttt^ & turn'd yp two koaues* by this trick. My 
Bmisiters (quoth he) I know where you haue bin, I 
kpqw what. you haue done, I know what you meene 
to .doe, 1 see now you are falconers indeed, but by 
thee (and tjien he swor^ a damnable oath) vnlesae 
you teach me to shodte in this birding pieee^ I wil 
raise the village, send for the Knight whom you 
bo^st you haue glild and so disgrace you ; fiM* yod^ 
iQPoey i care not The two finee-booters seeing 
thltmselues smoaked, told Aetr third brother, hee 
aeemed to bee m gentleman and a boone coinpanion, 
they prayed him therefore to sit downe withrsiknee, 
and.sithence dinner was-not yet readie hee should 
heareall. 

<^ This new mode of hawking (quoth one of them) 
which you see vsT^e, can afford no name vnless fine 
be at ity viz. J. .He that casts vp the lure is called 
the falconer. 2. The lure that is cast vp is an idle 
pamphlet 3. The tercel-gentle that comes to the 
lure, . is some knight, or some gentleman of like 
qualitie. 4. The bird that is preiedypon, is money. 
5. He thiat walkes the horses, and hunts diy*-foote, is 
called a mongrel. 

** The Falconer and his SpanielL 

*^ The falconer hauiog scraped together cerlaine 
small parings of wit, he first cuts them handsomely 
in prettie peeres, and of those peeces <k>es hee patch 
vp a booke. This booke he prints at his own cl»rge, 
the mongr^U .running vp and dowue to looke to the 
workemen^ and l^eariog likewise aome part of thia 



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cost, Ptr wbieii he Mierg ^pon this bdfe siMtre. 
Wlieii it k fiilly finished, the falcon^ and tak 
nongrell, (or it may be two fiilconers ioine in one,*) 
but howfioeuer, it is by tbem deoiskl whait sNire in 
England it is best to forrage next; that being set 
downe, the falconers deale either ti^itb a herauld 
for a note of all the knights and gentlemen^s namiSs 
of woith that dwell in that, circuit, which they 
neane to ride, or els by inquiry, get the chlefest of 
tbisai, printing off so many epistles as they haue . 
Daises, the epistles dedicatorie being all one, and 
irary in nothing but in titles of their patrons. Hauing 
Ihiis ftirniitbed Ibemselues, and packed vp their 
wares, away th^y trudge, like tinkers, with a budget 
at one of their backs, or it may be the circle they 
floeane to coniure in shal not be out of London, 
especially if it be terme-time, or when a parliament 
is holden (for then they haue choise of sweet-mekts 
to feed ypon.) If a gentleman seeing one of these 
hooks dedicated onely to his name, suspect it to bee 
a bastard, that hath more fathers beside himselib, 
and to trie that does defer the presenter for a d^y 
or two, sending iu the mean time (as some haue 
done) into Paules Church-yard amongst the sta* 
tioners to inquire if any such worke be come fbrth, 
and if they cannot tell, then to step to the printer^s. 
Yet haue the falconers a tricke to goe beyond such 
hawks too^ for they all ilye so hie, and that is this ; 
the bookes lye all at the printer's, but not one line 
of an epistle to any of them (those bug beards lurte 
in Tewdms) if then the spy that is sent by Itis 
Bwistery aske why they haue no dedications to ihem, 
Mowwicr Printei^ ^ lels Mm, the author would hbt 



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vratiire to. acUe a«gr to thMi aU (iwiiig mfHf to 
tbat wbidi was giura to his maiM^r) vntill it wts 
.knowne wbethec b^ would accept of it or no. This 
^pUsfieB the patroD, this fetches mo«ey finom kMl, 
tMd this cozens fiue Hundred besideB. Nay^ tbeie 
bee othcir bird ^tebers, tbat y^e ttraiigtr iqaaib- 
pip(93: yousboll haue feilowes, foore or fine in a 
coqiitiy, tbat buying yp any old bqobt (etpedaUy 

\% Borfloon, or any otber matter *of diuioity) tbal lios 
for a waste paper, and is cleane fcrgcrtteii> ad a n^w 

^ printed epistle to it, and witb an alphabet of letters 
wbicb they carry about them, being able to 
print any man's n^me fiur a dedicatioii, on the ead- 
daine, trauaile yp and downe most shires in Eog* 
land, and liue by tiiis hairiiingf 

^^ Are we not excellent fiikoners now i qootfa three 
balfe shares. Exeellent yillaines, cryed the denil's 
jdeputy ; by this the meate for. dinner came smdLuig 
in, ypon which they fell most tirannically, yet, for 
manners sake, offiring first to the balife of Bdzebnb 
the upper enj of the table, but he fearing tliey would 
make a bauke, or a bozsard of him too, and report 
tbey had ridden him like ao esse, as they had done 
otherst out a dooers be fiung with a vengeance as he 
came* 

^^ O sacfed learning] why doost thou sifTer thy 
seuen leaued tree, to bee plucked bybarbaDous and 
post vnballowed bands? Why is thy beautifall 
matden-body polluted like a strutaipet's, aMi prosti- 
tuted to beastly and elauisb igooimaee ? O H^a baee- 
broode, that make the muses harlots, yet say are 
they your mothers? Ymi theeues of wit; efiealers 
of arte ; traiton of scbooles of learmsg ; sBwrderers 



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of tcboUmn ; amne wmUbiy you are^ to rmd^rgoe the 
RomaM Fureay Uko thiUM, and to be branded P th' 
fNnahead deeper than they that forge testaments to 
▼nwvO OvJpnMnS$ MieB oOO iHn* voo xjjnttirwi of 
foods that maj be lost ; but you rob sehollers of 
their fiime; which is deererlhan life, you are not 
worth an inuectiue, not worthy to haue you names 
drop out of a deseruing pen, you shall onely be 
executed in picture, as they vse to handle male- 
fiiotors in France, and the picture (though it were 
tfrawn to be hung vp in another place) shall lea'ue 
you impudently arrogant to yoursdues^ and igno- 
Biiniously riditulous to after ages : in these colours 
Are you drawfie. 

^ The true pidure of tht$e falconers. 



'There be fellowes 



Of course and common blond ; mecbanick knaues. 
Whose wits lie deeper buried then in graues ; 
And indeede smell more earthy, whose creation 
Was but to giue a boote or shooe good fashion, 
Tet these (shrowing by the apron and theawie) 
Being dronke with their owne wk, cast vp their gait 
Onely of inke ; and in patched beggerly rimes^ 
(As full of fowlt corruptioDy as the times) 
Fiom lownc to towne they atrowJe, in soule av poore 
At Ih' are m elotbes : yet these at every doore 
Their labours dtdicate« But, as at iah'es. 
Like pedlars, they shew flill one soiFt of wares 
Vnto allcomraert (with some filde oration), 
And thas to gine beokes now's an occupation. 
On# hooke baA teoen somre patrons ; thus desatt 
-is theated of her due { 'tMs neble alt ^ 



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Giues Ignorance, (that corninon ttnmipet) plac« ; 
Thus the true scholiers name g rowes cheap andlwae.'^ 

J. H. 



Art. DXXVIII. Hotcr Subsecivce. Observations 
and Discourses. London : Printed for Edward 
Blounty and aire to he sold at his shop in Pauls 
Churchyard^ at the signe of the Black Beare. 1620. 
Sm. 8vo. pp. 542. 

I MENTION this here merely for the sake of juxta- 
position to the next article., The author <^ it is 
supposed to have been Gbby B&ydoes Lo&i> 
Chan DOS, who died Aug. 20, 1621, and from his 
magnificent style of life was called King of Cots^- 
wouldj th^ name of hills in Gloucestershire, in the 
neighbourhood of his seat of Sudeley Castle. A 
ftill account, and long extracts from this book have 
been lately given in Memoirs of King James's Peers ^ 
p. 384. et seq. — and m ParVs edition oi Lord 
Orford's Royal and Noble Authors^ II. 184. 

Art. DXXIX. HorcB Succisvooi : or Spare- Hours 
of Meditations upon our duty to God^ to others, 
io ourselves. In Two Parts. By Jos. Hen* 
shaw, D. Z). The Seventh Edition, corrected and 
much enlarged. London: Printed by G. Dawson, 
and sold by John Sweeting, at the Angel in Pope's* 
head Alley, 1661. ISmo. 

The first part of this lit^e volume is .inscribed 
to Lady Anne Cottiiigton ; the second to William, 
Bishop of London, with the date ef 1668, wUch is 



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193 

probably the real date of what is caHed the seoenih 
edition. Wood speaks* of the first edition as 
published in 1631, and the Mh in 1640. The 
book, however, is not of frequent occuirence* 
Its author was educated in Merchant Taylors* 
school, and became a commoner of Magdalen HaU, 
Oxford, in 16S1, where he took a degree, and went 
into orders. He afterwards was celebrated as a 
preacher, and rose to be dean of Chichester and 
bishop of Peterborough. He died on the ninth of 
March, 1678. Wood notices another of his pro- 
ductions entitled \' Dayly Thoughts ; or a Miscellany 
of Meditations, holy and human." 1651, third edi- 
tion. This was probably of the same nature with 
the present, which is more calculated for the closet 
of a divine than the shelf of an antiquary. The 
writer truly terms it, in his dedication, ^^ a Rhapsody 
of Uesolves and Observations :" his manner may be 
shewn by two short extracts. 

^' If an aste do but speak once in a world, as 
Balaam^s did ; if a beast have any part of a man in 
him, we wonder, and justly: but let a man have 
every part of a beast ; go upon all fours, and wallow 
with the drunkard, or lose his speech together with 
his legs ; 'tis nere talked of. It is the property of 
a man to speak, as of a beast not to speak : why do 
we wonder to hear a beast speak, and not wonder 
to hear a man not able to speak ? 

^' This life is a race, and we do not live, but tra- 
veil : but we have another race besides this, of our 
soul as well as of our body. Since both must be 

♦ Athen. Oxoiu II. 63d. 
VOL. VI, O 



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194 

rUD, and the one wilt not tarry for the other, 1 will 
try which can run fastest : if I have finished my life 
and not my course, I have macfe more haste than 
goqd speed." 

A neat engraved title, by Glover, is prefixed, with 
ydrses by H. M. possibly Henry More the Platonist. 

T.P. 

Art. DXXX. A Line dfLife. Pointing at the 
Jmmortaliiie of a vertttous name. Printed by W. 
S. for N. Butter J and are to be sold at his shop 
neere Saint Austen's Gate. 1620. l^mo. pp. 127. 

The author of this excellent little manual was 
John Ford, (most probably the celebrated dramatic 
writer.) In a preface to the '' Wise and therein 
Noble," he observes, ** here in this (scarce an) 
handful of discourse is deciphered, not what any 
personally fs, but wliat any personally may be : to 
the intent, that by the view of other^s wounds, we 
might provide playsters and cures for oui* owne, if 
occasion impose them." Having animadverted at 
some length upon the baneful efiects resulting fi*om 
flattery and flatterers, at p. 74, we find these shrewd 
observations-^^^ Flatterie to publique persons, is 
not more inductions on the one side, then envie on 
the other is vigilant. Great men are by great men 
(not good men by good men) narrowly sifted ; their 
lives, their actions, their demeanors examined; £>r 
that their places and honours are hunted after, as 
the Beazar for his preservatives ; and then the least 
blemish, the least slide, the least error, the least 
offence, is exasperated^ made capitall ; the danger» 



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195 

ensuiiig^ ever prove (Hke the wound of an enemie's 
sword) mortal], and many times deadly. Now in 
this ease, when the eye of judgement it awakened, 
flatterie is discovered to be bnt an inmate to envie ; 
an inmate, at least, consnlting together though not 
dwelling together, the one being catarer to the 
other's bloudie banquet ; and some wise men have 
been perswaded, that the pestilence^ the rigour of 
law, &mine, sicknes, or war, have not devoured 
more great onieis than flattery and envie." 

The following character of the Earl of Essex which 
occurs at p. 76, exhibits the concise and nervous 
style of th^ author in a favourable point of view. 
^^ In England not long agoe there was a man super- 
eminent in honours, desertfull in many services, 
indeared to a vertuous atid wise Qneene^ Elizabeth 
of glorious memorie, and eternal! happinesse : a 
man toopublikely beloved, and too confident of the 
love he held ; Robert Earle of Essex, and Earle 
Marshall of the Kingdome ; he, even he that was 
thought too high io fall, and too fixed to be re« 
moved, in a verie handfull of time, felt the misery 
of greatnesse, by relying on such as flattered and 
envyed his greatnesse. His end was their end, and 
the execution of law is a witnesse in him to pos- 
teritie, how a publtke person is not at any time 
longer happie, then hee preserves his happinesse 
with a resolution that depends upon the guard of 
innoce cie and goodnes.'' J. H. M . 



Art. DXXXI. PasquiVs Palinodia and his pro' 
gresse to the Taverne^ where after the. survey of 
o2 



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196 

the Seller you are presented with n pleasant pinte 
ofPoeticall Sherry. NuUa placere diu^ Sfc. Hor. 
[Wood-cut of an old man drawing wine, from a 
tun and a bacchante- raising the cup with glee, 
&c.] London^ Printed by J.H. for Lawrence 
Chapman f and are to be sold at his shop in Hol^ 
borne, at Chancery lane, 1624. [q. as to date, the 
title not being quite perfect.] 

^' The printer to the reader;** two pages ; then 
" Pasquil's Palinodia, or his Pynte of Poetry," 
consisting of 170 octave stanzas, and a song intro- 
duced " in praise of Sack," *» twelve six-line 
stanzas.* 



Art. DXXXII. Essayes by Sir William Corn" 
wallyes the Youngery Knight. Newlie corrected. 
London : Printed by Thomas Harper, for J. M. 
and are to be sold by Ambrose Rithercfon in Pauleys 
Church-yard at the signe of the Bull Head, 1632.t 
Sm. Svo. This is on an engraved title-page, by 
T. Cecil, with the figures of two men in their 
^owns and large hats, sitting opposite each other 
at a table under arches, one writing, the other ' 
reading. 

At Sign. L. 2, (for it is not paged) is a second 
title-page before the Second book of Essays, with 
the date, 1631 ; and at Sign. li 4, a third title-page 
before Discourses upon Seneca the Tragedian. 

♦ Properly belongs to the Poetry, 
f These Essays were first printed in 1601-2, without the engraved 
page^ which Grander suppose^ to represent the Essayist and his 
father. 



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Sir Winkm Cornwftllis the younger, (so called to 
distinguish him from his uncle Sir William Com* 
wallis, ancestor to Marquis Cornwaliis) was son of 
Sir Charles CornwalKs, distinguished for his diplo- 
matic abilities, which he displayed in his embassy 
to Spain * during the time of K. James 1. and after- 
wards in 1610 Treasurer to Henry Prince of Wales, 
of whose life and death he wrote an account, printed 
several years afterwards at London, 1641, 8vo. Sir 
William's mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Tho- 
mas Farnham, Esq. of Fincharo, in Norfolk. 

These Essays are dedicated ^^ to the Right Yer- 
tuous and most Honorable Ladief;, the Lady Sara 
Hastings, the Lady Theodosia Dudley, the Lady 
Mary Wingfield, and the Lady Mary Dyer;" three 
of them sisters by nature, the fourth by love. 

Of these Essays the first book consists of 35, and 
the second of 52. Of these I give a specimen from /> 9- 7 
one of the shortest. 

, ESSAY II. B.I. Of Discourse^ 

'^ It is a pitiful thing at great assemblies, to see 
how the rich and gay will ingross their talk, and 
how basely they use that commodity ; not a word 
able to profit a hackneyman. They send away Time 
worse apparelled than their horse-keepers; poor 
and naked of what is precious, but loaden with straw 
and dirt, good only for thatchers and daubers. At 
this time 1 sufier much, specially if I would choose 
rather to fill my ears than my belly. I wish for 
fidlers to confound them, or any noise saving theirs. 

* Soe Memoirs of Peert of James I. p. 196. 



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198 

I would at this time lose my memory ; for sbe is 
covetous, aud takes all ; and with this she wiU pol«* 
lute all, make all taste of barbarism. 

^^ In this time my eye wandering to find a band* 
some cause of interruption, meets with a fellow ia 
black : back again they come with their intelligence, 
and tell me they have found a scholar. ' I go to thid 
vessel, and thirsting after some good liquor^ hastily 
, pierce it, when there issueth medicines, or law-terms* 
Alas ! it is either a surgeon, or an attorney ; n^ 
expectation hath broken her neck. Well ; these are 
places tO'grow fat in, not wise. Let us travel some 
whither else — to the university. Their discourse is 
good but too finical ; you undo them if you suffer 
them not to go methodically to work. Nego ma* 
jorem^ out minorem; probo; ipse dixity Sfc. I 
like not this; uqless his adversary be a fencer too, 
there is no understanding one another. It is 
a general fault amongst the best professions; 
for mercenary and mechanic, it skills not : it be- 
comes them well 'to discover themselves by their 
speech ; but a gentleman should talk like a gentle- 
man ; which is like a wise man : his knowledge 
ought to be general ; it becomes him not to talk of 
one thing too much, or to be weighed down with 
any particular profession. Herein I admire Plato 
his description of Socrates, who, although a soldier 
and a scholar, yet he discoursed still like wisdom, 
which commands over all. One knowlege is but 
one part of the house, a bay window, or a gable-end,: 
who builds his house so maimed ? much less himself 2 
no, be complete ! If thy guests be weary of thy par^ 
lour, carry them into thy gi^«ry t be thos ; but yet, 



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if Uura meetest with a fellow, thmt would fkin shew 
thee he is a mathematician, or a navigator, be con- 
tent to talk with him of circles, and quadrangles ; 
of the poles, and navigating stars. 

<< There is another creature that weighs everjr 
word ) and will be sure to turn die verb behind ; 
affects elegancy, and to be thought learned. This 
fellow is formal ; he robs himself of his commenda- 
tions with this premeditated'course ; men look for 
much where thej discern such a preparation : besides, 
methinks he dresses Truth and Wisdom too gaudily. 
It is the country fashion to sugar over what is na- 
turally sweet : he profits not his auditory. 

^^ I knew a country church furnished with a clock, 
whose hammer was striken by an image like a man : 
upon the wheels stood a cat, which, when the image 
struck, made such haste away, as the parishioners, 
when they should have wept for their sins, and were 
moved thereunto by the preacher, laughed at the 
cat's nimUeness. So it is with this man's hearers : 
they catch at some pretty sounding words, and let 
the matter slip Without any attention. Let ape- 
keepers and players catch the ears of their auditors 
and spectators with fair ' bombast words and set 
speeches. It shall be my course, when I must dis- 
course, (but I had rather hear) not to lose myself in 
my tale; to speak words that may be understood, 
and to my power to mean wisely rather than to 
speak eloquently." 

Montaigne set the example of this sort of Essays, 
by his publication under that name in 1580 ; thpse 
were much read, and of course, brought forward 
many imitators : but none of them have acqidred^ 



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much legs retained, the celebrity of their raaster* 
Mpntaigoe died in 1593. His Essays were written, 
as he tells U8, to give a picture of himself, and 
to represent his own humours and inclinations^ 
excellencies and infirmities, to the public, 

I I ■ I I I I I • I 1 1 III i^^mmmm^ 

Art. DXXXIII. A strange Metamorphosis of 
Marly transformed into a Wildernesse, Decipher^ 
ed in characters, London : Printed by Thomas 
Harper J and are to be sold by Lawrence Chapman 
at his shop in Holborne. 1634. 12mo. Containing 
Sig. L 

« The Preface to the Reader. 

" The world is a wildernesse, man a pilgrime 
lojst in the desert; or rather man is the desert, not 
to be found, but in the wildernesse. A desert who 
leaving the path of rectitude hath plunged himselfe 
into the thicket of worldly appetites ; to seek him 
in the.citie were in vaine, who leaving Jerusalem, 
entred into the desert the way of lericho. To finde 
him then, we must leave the citie, and seeke him in 
the wildernesse. Where behold a strange meta- 
morphosis ! Wee finde him not in his owne simi- 
litude, but like Vlisse's crew, transformed into the 
shape of everie thing we meete with. We then take 
him as we finde him, and deliver you his character 
in those borrowed shapes, not to put him tp the 
blush. But lest of a wildernesse of things, I make 
a wildernesse of words, and loose myselfe in my 
owne wildernesse ; or labouring in a maze as Pasi' 
pha6 in her labyrinth, instead of a metamorphosis. 



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I present you with a mynotaure, I must entreate 
thee reader to take my meaning for thy clew to 
guide thee in and out : which is not to make mon* 
sters of characters, or to character monsters, but to 
present thee with an innocent and harmelesse recrea- 
tion through a strange imaginarie metamorphosis, 
and that, reading without the acerbitie of a savage, 
thou shew thy selfe at least to be a reasonable man, 
in thine owne likenesse/' 

This entertaining work might class with the 
Dyets dry dinner of Dr. Butts ; and if not equal in 
poignancy of wit, yet there is a rich vein of humour 
and amusement, and the apparent lucubration of a 
pen able to perform better things. The characters 
are divers in subjects, as the lion, moss, coal pit, 
&c. and forty in number. The title-page would 
lead the reader to expect an exemplified display of 
various human passions, with a moral drawn from 
the appositive relation of certain productions of a 
wilderness; but, as the author truly says, he has 
neither made monsters of characters, nor characters 
of monsters. 

, ^^ The eccho is the Iris of the eare, as the Iris is 
the eccho of the eyes. She is the true camelion of 
the air that changes into every colourable sense; 
the Proteus that transforms herself to every shape 
of words. She is the inamourado of the forest that 
will be taken with every one's love, and as Nar- 
cissus with his owne beauty, be enamoured with 
her own tongue, and take delight to hear herself 
speak. Yea she is a thing or nothings a tattling 
gossip, a meer babler, a teller of tales ; one that 
hath, no substance in her^ but is a meer accident, 



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in. tfaftt«he c^mes suddenly upon you unrlookedibr* 
She }s of a strange quality, who takes dejligbt to 
i^ffright the ignorant and simple, will play the hob* 
goblin, the feiry of the • woods, least in sight or 
wholly out of sight. Though she be a talker, and 
full of her tongue, yet sh^ hath no invention with 
her, nor can contrive any thing of her own, for she 
speaks but by hearsay only all she utters, and that 
upon trust of another, nor can tell you the author^ 
unless he discover it. himself. She hath no memory 
at all, and therefore can remember but the last 
words she hears, which she wilj do very faithfully 

indeed and not leave out a tittle. She hath no cer* 

• 

tain tone of her own, but as she is taught immedi'» 
ately before, which she will exactly imitate, if her 
naster be present, else not ; for she cannot retain 
her lesson long, but must instantly recite it, or else 
she is nobody. She will keep her key well. if she 
sing and never miss it; if be, that is the Rector 
Chori, guides the quire, mistake it not ; slvA when 
she sings at any time, she sings no distinct part 
from her fellow, or the rest of the parts ; for she 
hath no dull to compose or set a whit, or to run 
descaBt on a ground, but sings the same the others 

Jo r- She is never betteor in ,her Q than when she 

apes the nightingale, especially in their fughs^ for 
then you would think them both stark mad, while 
they follow one another so close at the he^, and 
yet can never oveilake each other. She is a right 
woman that can keep no counsell, and yet will be 
ready to intrude herself into every one's couimel ; 
but as soon as she hath it, out it goes straight, life 
(HT deatbi all is one to her. She were good to m^ko 



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a player of the stage, for she would take her cues 
excellentlj well. She is no Ciceronian, nor apt for 
fluent stiles, but a Lipsian right, and fitter for a 
brief manner of speech dialogue wise* All her 
poetry is chiefly in saphics or iambics at most, for 
she cannot abide the hexameter or heroical verse, 
because too long for her. la fine, though she be a 
common speaker and teller of news (as I said) yet 
makes she a conscience to devise any of herself, and 
therefore would hardly serve to be the secretary of 
fiilse &me, but being once broached, let her alone to 
blaze it abroad through all the wilderness." 

'< The mustard seed seems to be a thing of nothing, 
it is even the dwarf among the rest of the seeds^ 
and yet is a giant if you deal with him. He is very 
snappish, for if you meddle with him, he will strait 
take you by the nose. He is full of his jests, which 
are so quiclc and sharp, as you will not know how 
to relish them, for they bite shrewdly. He hath a 
strange manner with him, while he will touch you 
by the tongue, and tickle you in the nose, and so 
tyrannise upon you, as he will make you put finger 
in the eye. He is alone but a common soldier, but 
if they gather together and make a muster, there is 
no hoe with them, especially when they take their 
liquor well, for then they will assault the stoutest 
man of the guard. Poor Iphn were but a poor 
thing were it not for him, and a jowl of ling (a fit 
companiao for the best man's table) will blush to 
appear, without his company, when they will never 
Un calling for him, where js the mustard? Sirloin 
of beef, as surly as he looks, after he hath been 
ireU soused in a Inanidi sea, and cam^ safely of 



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ivith a powder, and be never so well larded witl^ 
fat on his sides, jet if have not this case of pistols 
by his side, no man will regard him. He is hot and 
fiery of nature, which makes Him mount up to the 
brain, as to his proper elettient, where he keeps 
such a bustling, as he turns all the liquors thence 
out of the glass windows. He is very saucy where- 
soever he comes to any man^s table, for he will 
take upon him to season every dish, so much some 
times a^ he mars all, till he take his sugar with 
him, for then he hath no fellow. He is but little 
of himself but grows to be an oak among the rest 
of herbs, upon whose boughs the xhaunting birds 
take pleasure to warble out their descants; and 
who knows whether to the honour of this miracle 
of seeds ? He fears not thee muster-master so much 
(who but lays him forth to take view of them and 
no more)' as the mustard-maker, who puts him into 
Bridewell as it were to pound in a mortar. If lie 
be of the right stamp, and a true TeWxbury man, 
he is a cholerick gentleman, and will bear no coals; 
but will himself sticke any man into a heat that takes 
him into his roof, though indeed he will easily be 
pacified again with a crust of bread, and so long I 
hold him to bee no such perilous companion." 

*^ Tobacco is a sovereign plant of an active spirit, 
which being set on fire, mounts to the upper region 
of the brain, and there plays Rex. Where like a 
Lord of Mis-rule, calling the whimsies round about 
him, they all play revell rout together, and thence 
like a little Sathan, he sends them here and there, 
as spirits up and down to work wonders. It is a 
spice that comes from India, now grown in more 



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request than pepper is ; but will be sure to pepper 
them that take it over much.*' 

There are other familiar allusions similar to the 
Lord of Mis-rule ; as the squirril is " no carpet- 
knight that danceth on strewed tapestries, for he 
will daunce without any musick :" the bear '' is a 
good trencher-man, for he will eat soundly at any- 
other man's cost, but if he be at his own finding, 
he will dine you sometimes with Duke Humphrey, 
and keepe his chamber like one with never a penny 
in his purse :" the elephant ^' hath no lofty galiards 
with him, but all his revelling is with ground tricks. 
He is a good swordsman and lays about him in the 
wars, but cannot weild the two handsword, nor is 
any fencer at all for want of a dagger hand to ward 
withall." And the peacock is ** no mercer of 
Cheapside .who keeps a constant shop at home, but 
a pedlar rather; — he is a true feather man of Black- 
friars, but none buy at his shop but giddy heads, 
for the estridge is more in request and puts him by 

his custom." 

J. H. 



Art. DXXXIV. The Historic of the Damnable 
Life and deserved Death of Doctor John Faustus. 
Newly printed^ and in convenient places^ imper^ 
feet matter amended; according to the true copie 
printed at Frankfort; and translated into English, 
by P^ Jt. Gent. Printed at London for John 
Wright, and are to be sold at the signeofthe Bible, 
in Giltspur Street, without Newgate. 1636. ^to. 
B.L.Signs.K3. 



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Art. DXXXV. A Discourse of Military Disci' 
plincy devided into three Boockesy declaringe the 
'partes and sufficiencie ordained in a private Soul* 
diery and in each Officer; serving in the Infantery^ 
till the election and office of the Captaine Generall; 
and the last Booke treatingeoffre-x^urckes of rare 
executiones by sea andlande, as also offirtifasions. 
Composed hy Captaine Gerat Barry Irish. At 
Bruxells by the Widow of lohn Mommart. 1634. 
Small Folio. Pages ^11^ exclusive of dedication^ 
Sfc. [There is also an engraven title-page pre- 
fixed to the work, containing the arms of the 
Barry family, with supporters, &c. placed upon 
a pedestal, on each side of which is a warrior 
. completely armed with the word avance upon his 
sword.] 

Of Captain Grerat Barry I have not been able to 
meet with any otii^ account than what the dedica- 
tion to the present work affords, viz. that he was a 
descendant of the illustrious family of Barry, and 
allied to the nobleman of that name, to whom the 
book is inscribed, though the precise degree of 
affinity that existed between them is not stated. In 
^* the priviledge'' for printing the volume he is 
styled '^ our wel beloved Captaine Gerat Barry, 
trishman^ our pensioner at the Zass of Gante.^' 

It may I think be safely ui^d as a proof of the 
rarity of the book in question, that amongst the 
numerous works treating upon military subjects, 
which Grose had recourse to in the compilation of 
his elaborate History of the English Army, hc^ has 



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made no mention whatsoever of this code of niilitaiy 
discipline, and which would certainlj have aflforded 
him much valuable information had it been thrown 
in his way. The orthography is extremely singular, 
iJid has been scrupulously attended to in transcrib- 
ing the following extracts 

'^ To the Right Honorable David Barrt/y Eark of 
Barrt/-moary Vicounte of Butevante^ Baron of 
Ibaune^ Lorde of Barrj/courte and CastelUones. 

" RiGHTE Honorable, 

« Having tried my fortune in foraigne nationes, 
thies thirty three yeares in this my presente pro- 
fession of armes, in bis Catholike Majestie's service^ 
amongste the Spaniard, Italian, and Irish, mean- 
inge the firste foure yeares in the real army of the 
Ocean Sea, and the other 29 yeares m t;he warre» 
and brave exploits o( the Lowe Countries, and 
Grermany; as a souldier, pincioner, aventajado^ 
alferis, ajudate, andcaptaine: Nowe beinge moved 
by certain friendes, as alsoe by the greate affection 
i allwayes had to this my presente profession of 
armes; havinge intered soe for into the blouddy 
boundes of Mars. Duringe whiche time i have im- 
ploycd myselfe in gatheringe, and learninge oute of 
many brave auctors, as alsoe whate i have seene 
myselfe and otfieres practised in warr, in many brave 
exploytes and rare incountefs; all whiche i toughte 
fitt to sett downe in writhinge to inli^ten my ber 
loved countrimen. Suche as are not skillful in 
warres, and are desirouse to inter into the noUe 
profession of armes % soe that th^rby they may gathir 



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some instructiones, and with greater auctoritj and 
estimation accomplishe theyre obligationes, (where- 
fore I make boulde to dedicate the sam^ unto youre 
honour) whiche I woulde it were handled by a more 
perfecte eouldier then myself; soe that it may by 
the more agreeable to your incorrupted vertues, 
And noble inclination and love, whereunto i am 
bounde, as a true and natural servante of youre 
honour^s, and specially for beinge descended from 
youre house, as alsoe fbr the general utility of youre 
honour^ and those of my nation, which are inclined 
to this honourable exercise; I have taken thepaines 
to write this volume entituled ' Military Piscipline/ 
in which is contayned the observationes and obli- 
gationes of eache one servinge in the infantery ; 
beginnenge with a private souldier to a captaine 
genei^al, &c. &c." 

" The Contentes of this Woureke set downe in 
breefe." 

'' In the iirste booke are contained the military 
instructiones necessary to be observed in the noble 
profession of arraes amongste the infantery, from 
a private souldior, till the election, and office of a 
campe master of a regimente of infantery. 

^^ The seconde booke ireatinge of the election of a 
campe master general!, whiche nexte to the captaine 
generallis the cheefe conductor of an army; after 
foUowes the elec^on of the captaine generall of the 
artillery, and iinishenge.with the office of a captaine 
generall of an army. 

'' The thirde booke treatinge of fire wourckes of 
rare executiones by sea and lande, and of the con- 
fines of a kingdoof, and the goode lawes to bq 



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observed in the' same, and howe H is to be fortified 
bjr arte or bj nature, or by bothe, to widistiande 
the enemyes attemptes, and the necessary courses 
conveniente to be taken." 

The following are extracts selected from the first 
chapter. 

^ Dedaringe the partes and suflkiency required 
in a private souldior. 

<< He which intereth into the noble profession of 
armes firste and principally oughte to be a goode 
Christian, fearfuU of God, and devoute, that therby 
his proceedinges may the better prevaile, and finishe 
with a happy ende. Secondly to buylde hfs valerouse 
determinationes with a constante and uncorrupted 
zeale in servinge his Prince with great love and 
punctuality. Alsoe to by obediente to his officeres 
from the loweste to the higheste in degree. If other- 
wise he by inclined, he erreth much, yea and 
hardley all the goode partes in him can prosper. 
Litle or no appeerance can by of his furtherance or 
goode success, hardly any body can truste in him, 
or hope of any goode proceedinges of his, hee is to 
by litle esteemed in referinge to his chargde anj 
office or comaunde : no man of qualitie and goode 
partes can truste in him, or keepe him company. 

<^ Hee which intered into this noble profession of 
armes oughte to shun eschewe and forsake all 
basenes imagined and thought of mane's my nde. And 
he oughte diligently to applee himself to learne the 
arte of warr, from whence proceedeth all nobilitye, 
and wherby many men of lowe degrees and bas# 
linadge have attayned into high degrees dignttie and 
fame, as Caius Marios, descended of poore and 

VOL. Ti. F 

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«10 

vite parenteB in a yibdge of tbe Arpinee, eftne to 
by a Ronaine Etiiperour; and trough bis fettu^ 
Yaliitcian a povre mati is son of Gibaly in Hongari 
came into the licke digniti^ and aleoe Maximino 
bourne in a poure castel in Thracia, Nicdlas 
Pichino, a boucheres son, bj his vertue and valor 
came to by captain generall of Philipp Yiconte 
Dticke of Milan is army and of all the potentates of 
Italie. 

<^ Let bim by careAill to chuse to his comarades 
and ibllowes ould^ souldiers if possible, and mea 
well acquainted, and of good condition, and to by 
3^He careftiU that tbey bee no factioners nor muti* 
neres, whose company are more dangerouse then the 
divell, he is to by quiet and frindly, and rather 
seveare then licentiouse in spiches, for sudi like 
persones moste comonly doe loose there estimation 
togither with theyre ownie quietnes, and are wonte 
to have many unhappie crosses- in this worlde, and 
to bee little reputed, and hardly can prosper as wee 
dayly see. 

<^ In his diet let him not by to conriouse nor in» 
dined to delicate meates, rather to distribute wdl 
his meanes, and contente himself with such provi* 
tiones as the campe or places shall affburde, Sat 
those that are giuen to there belly, and to the ansa- 
tiable vice of drunknes are apte for nothing, and 
most comonlie are subject to-many disgraces wberof 
theyr are many example. 

^ He is to be carefoll and vigilante in keepinga 
his culores or watch with great punctnalitie, and 
beeinge imployed in centcty or rounde let him fay 
verie warie in accomplishinge bis oUigaciones, and 



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gpeciali j nol to &U askepe, ior beeing soe fiiunde 
it lieth in the disgression of the officer to use hint 
acordKng bis desert, as did Phirates in Corioto going 
in the ronnde of that cittie, and findinge a souldier 
askepe killed him, when otherwise the least affronte 
lie conldl9 have was to be in publicke punished, and 
that for example to the rest, that are not wonrdie 
tocarie armes ft>r ther earelesh niindes and little 
bonor. Let him look well not to refuse his officieres 
beinge commaunded in ooationes of his Majestie's 
aervioe and be bo meanes let him not by absente 
firom his garde beinge on Ae watohe withoote licence 
of his officer, tiiough hee thinketh the place to'be^ 
peasable, and of no suspicion. If he thincketh to 
goe forwarde, or to bee prefered in this arte he pro* 
fesheth, he ie to accomplish with greate care and 
punctualitie his obligationes, that bj his care and 
diligence he nay dayly hope of better pnefemente« 
Let him consider that our predecessores were not 
eaptaines nor master-de*campes, nor that they were 
bourne with thies offices, but rather with goode 
partes, diligence, and good service, optained the 
same honorablie. 

^ Let him not marry if he hopeth to acomptish 
well his obl^tiones, or to bee prefered, for in 
ocationes of march if ^lee goe alonge with him 
hardliecan he well accomplish with his obligationes 
if his meanes be Ittle and beinge chatdged with 
many children, consider whate, and how many 
crosses shall happen, and he muste of force negflecte 
in acc^mplisbinge the obligationes of an honorable 
souldior in the righte performance of the Kinge^s 
service, or forgoe his wife and cHWuen, tor he bath 
p S 

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212 

inougfa in accbnij^lishinge well .with the one| and 
give over the other. 

^^ In all places in townes, citties or villadges where 
he is lodged, let him by kinde and amiable with his 
hoste, and let him demaunde for no delicate meates 
nor regalose, as some are inclined unto, but rather 
conforme himselfe with his hoste. For all thinges 
don with amitie in thies ocationes is fer better, and 
more laudable then rigor and disorderes, wherof 
oftentimes resulteth greate scandeles disgraces and 
revokes. If it shoulde. chance as somtimes: happens 
that his patron or hoste shoulde be a man of un- 
reasonable conditiones, let the souldier then repayre 
to his officier that he might by changed into another 
place, or els see his c^use remedied better. 

^^ Let him allwayes aplie himself to warlike 
exercises with afibction, because that vertue exeleth 
fortune, and it avayleth him, much to read histories 
and to be experte in aritmeticke, for it doth both 
revive and pei'fectionate mane's witt. Th^rebie 
shall he understande the cariadge, prudence, and 
viilor of brave men, and ^ base inclination of bad 
persones, the alteration or decayinge of kingdomes 
and coraonwealthes, the brave and prudente con- 
duction and stratagemes of battelles, both won and 
lost, the vertue and valor of the renoomed^ the 
shame and iniamie of the vile, the maner and use 
of anciente and moderne warres with the stratagemes 
used both for the one and th^ other. 

^^ If he happen to be at the siedge or takinge of 
any strong flace or fortresse, he is diligentlie to vew 
the scituation, the orderes and industfie used for the 
defence tbero^ and the stratagemes used for the 



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SIS 

vinioge of tbe same ; coiisideringe iliiefle Idbresaide 
and manj more used in warres, and that which 
toucheth eyerie oflBcer in particular, even from a 
corporal to a captaine generally to the ende he may 
be perfecte in the arte he professeth, that by his 
vertue he may be advanced into greater dingnitie^ 
sith that thiai arte he profesheth is the moother and 
true fundation of nobilitie. Therefore reason it is 
that it be perfectly understoode of the professores 
and followers thereof, seinge that the practice of 
mecanicall artes do folowe the same order and course 
to come to the cunninge of theyre crafte. And that 
besides, that no man can reduce into perfection those 
things wherof he is ignorante, and knoweth not the 
arte, without much practice, and specially in this so 
noble and couriouse art^, who for the executiones 
therof, with prudence and auctoritie is required both 
longe and diligente practice and theorike. It in^- 
porteth him muche to be a goode swimer which is 
one of the foure qualities required in a souldier, to 
be rebuste or stronge of boddy, nemble and skillfull 
in armes, and obediente, thies-are the four qualities 
a foresaide required in a souldier. Thus youe s^ 
who many goode and honorable partes are wished to 
be in a perfect souldier, not learned be heersay nor 
gained with ease and vaine glorie, but rather in 
aplienge himself well with affection, care, dUigence, 
valor, and practice, and specially perfected with 
learninge and long exercice in warn" J. H^ M. 

Art. DXXXVI. The Description of ilud ever to be 
famed Knight^ Sir John Bur^gh^ Colonell GeneraU 
of his Maiesties Artnie : with his last seruice at the 



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Jsk of Rtesy and Jm^ vnforiunate deathy^ then t^en 
the armie had tnosi mede of such a pilote. Yiuit 
post fanera virtus. Written hy Robert Markham^ 
Captcine of a foote Qmvpamf in the same regi$9eni, 
and shot also on the same seruice. Fors dominattir 
n^ae vita est vUi prc^ria in vita. Printed 16S8 
4^0. l^leatxs. 

Prefixed is a rare and beautiful specimen of 
the graver by Cecill in a highly finished portrait of 
^ S** lohn Burgh, Knight, descended from y*. bouse 
of y*. Lord Burgh & heyre mayle to the barony, 
Cap', of an English foote company in y*- Vnited 
prouinces; Gouern^ of Frankendale, Cdllonell of a 
regiment of foote in y*. expedition w**^. Count Mans- 
field, Col. General! in the lie of Rees, where he 
was slayne w**. a musket bullet, September y^ 11*. 
1627.^ 

As Captain Markham* was " shot also in the 
same seruice," this poem may be considered as 
posthumously published. The evident proof of the 
author's intention to give it to the public, may be 
pleaded in excuse for marring his fair fame, in pre* 
(Serving this bombastic phraseology of the soldier 
when attempted to be uttered as a poet. Prefixed 
are seven stanzas, as 

« The Epistle. 

** I will not dedicate these weeping lines 
Ynto a laughing Lord for patronage. 

That without moaming habit richly shines 
In gold, nor will I send a pilgrimage : 

My sorrowes brought a bed in thb same booke. 

To be protiected by a lacfyes looke ; 

4F Qu ? Brother of G$rvase Markham ? 

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915 

Nor.wiU I iauQpite a ludge^ beo«ui« 

I write upon an honourable fate« 
Vntimely hastoed ; for within his lawes, 

Deathei imaatave are all degentrato ; 
He that oondewielh life^ and goods, shall he 

Ijo pittilesse protector, bodie, to thee. 

No sycophant shall see thee by my will. 

No, nor a golden coward, for I vow 
I hate his quakiog quallitie as ill. 

As any the woi^it vice that raigneth now ; 
A foole shall never thy sad lines behoM, 
Because brassc is as good to him as gold. 

But I will send thee like a marshall booke, 
Vnto all souldiers, lac'd with noble skarres, . 

That thinkes on Bvrgh with a delected looke. 
And that bath knowne him well in all his wanres ; 

That can repeate all things that he hath done; 

Since the first miaute that his sand did runne/' 

An address in two stanzas follows 

" To the Reader. 

** Faith, reader, if you voderstand 
. But little, in this little booke. 
Go shake Tom Deny by the hand. 
Or on your cozen Arckey looke ; 
Or if you will not be a foole, 
Retume againe, with speed to schoole.^ 

Fourteen lines with initials I. £. are addressed 
^' to my worthily esteemed kinsman the authour." 
Then, 

" The Avthofs eyes purging mth the fills of sorrow^ 
drops here upon the obsequies of Sir John Burgh, 



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316 

his noble cohneU, mth suck a heatrinessey that they 
doe fall in print as followeth. 

** If teares could tell the story of my woe. 
How I with sorrow pine away for thee. 

My spuDgie eyes their bankes should over-flow. 
And make ^ very moore, or mire of me ; 

I would out weepe a thousand Nyobyes, 

For I would weepe, till I wept out my eyes. 

My heart should drop such teares as did thy wound. 
And my wound should keepe consort with my heart ; 

In a red sea my body should be drowned ; 

My gall should breake, and beare a bitter part ; 

Such crimson rue as I would weepe, should make 

Pemocrates hiipselfe a wormwood lake. 

Or if that my blew winged words could tell. 
How darke I moume without a starre of glee. 

My tongue the clapper, and my mouth the bell». 
Should ceaselesse ring thy haplesse^ destiqie ; 

Whilst that my penne vnable for to speake. 

In tragicke songs should grind away her beake/'-*-*-*-* 

The first twenty ppne stanzas are given as intro* 
ductory to the main subject. In these he relates 
he was uncertain if it was the greatqesse of pain he 
felt from a shot, or greatness of his grief that Burgh 
was slain; but he could not write and therefore 
judiciously went to sleep. The result, and the 
ppening; of the work is thus given : 

** So did I sleepe vntill the morning light 
Repeu'd the glory of the world, and then 

J wakt agnine with a more pregnant sp'rit, 
Ani once more flew vnto my fatall pen { 



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217 

Then with a little labour that I tooke^ 

My braioes were brought a bed, of this aanie booke 



Thy wisedome, Borgb, was like Vnto a sea. 
Wherein thy fiunous actions dayly swam. 

Like Neptao's scaly borgers eaery day ; 
Currant wise men, like lesser riuers came 

To mixe their freshnesse with thy seasoned wit, 

Onely of purpose to grow salt by it. 

And as Pactolus flowes on golden sand. 
As rubies, pearles, and twinkling diamonds 

Doe starre the firmament of Neptune's land. 
So did thy virtue, like farre brighter stones, 

Be-pibble all the inside, outside floare 

Of thy hid channel, and thy publicke sboare/' 

How much to be regretted the author did not im* 
bibe a few particles of the attic salt^ of whicb he 
considers his hero the fountain head. It is amusing 
to mark the succession of images, almost ludicrously 
opposite, as they swell to above eighty stanzas, with 
a description of the progress of this military general ; 
sufficiently minute for the work to be described by 
Bromley in his catalogue, as a ^^ Life." Perhaps an 
ingenious head piece might be saved much labour, 
in attempting to describe Napoleon, by adopting the 
folloiiifing lines : 

«< Thy court was in the campe, thy daunces were 
Stout marches footed to a drummer's play ; 

Twas not thy sport to chase a silly hare, 

Stagge, bpcke^ foxe, wild-cat, or the limping gray : 

But armies. Marquesses, Graues, Counts, Dukes, Kings, 

Arch-dutchesses, and such heroicke things. 



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818 

Guns were tby kornes which scHinded thy tetrtitt. 
Of oohle warre (bright honour's truest chase), 

Pickes tipt with death, thy -hiHiting poles to beate. 
And rou$e thy game (sport for a Joiie-boroe race,) 

Thy deepe moiitbtd bounds, a catt of caanoBs were. 

Whose brazen tbroates spewed thunder in th^air.**^--^ 

Thyiudgement was so r?pe that thou could'st tell. 

Without the calling of a warlike court. 
How many men would man that citie well. 

That counter*8carfe, redoubt, or little fort ; 
For thy braine lay withio a sconce of bone. 
In judggnent streoger than a tower of fttone."^ 

J.H. 



Aet. DXXXVII. Admirable Events selected ovi 
&fFdw Bookes ; Written in French by the Right 
Reverend lohn Peter Camus Bishop of Belley; 
together with morall Relations noritten by ihe same 
Author^ and translated into English by S. Du. 
Verger. London: Printed by Thtxmas Harper 
' for William Brooks^ and are to be sold at his shop 
in Holborn, in Turnstile Lane. 1639. 4to. pp. 
357. Both parts. 

In th^ Dedieation ^' to the most e^ceUeiit Mai^7 
of Henrietta Maria, Queene of Great Bfitain/'tbe 
translator says ^' In point of subject, since nothing 
from mine own conceptions was fit to adventure 
upon so high a theater,'! assign my part to the onely 
ehoise and conveyance of an authour^ with language 
intelligible to the English shore, who in the variety 
and multitude of his writings, both theologically 
morall, and historigall, hath as with a christall 



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919 

(ttreaine watered a continent of the greatest extent 
in Europe. — ^Giye leATO then, most graeieus Prin- 
cesse, where 1 began, there to determine my thrice 
humble dedication, with homage and binding oblar 
tion of these first fruits of my small industry .-*-*The 
humblest and lowest of ally out* Majestie's DM>Bt de- 
voted servants, S. Du Verger." 

A cancelled leaf in my copy contains a portion 
of an address fipom ^^ the translator to the reader," 
whidi preoedee.^^ the atithor*s epistle." There is m 
second part, or division, in the volume, with the 
following title : . 

*' Certain Moral Relations selected out of the two 
Books written thereof in J^rench^ hy the Right 
Reverend Father John Peter Camousy Bishop of 
Bellej/j Anno Domini 1628. Faithfully translated 
into English. London (ut sup.) 

This continuance has a short advertisement from 
the author, and a second of ^ the translator to the 
reader." By the initials sul^oined it appears that 
the continuation was translated by another, hand* 
After notidng, to avoid reiteration, the original 
preface is omitted, as ^^ not pleasant to the readei', 
I have" (says the writer) " only given you a little 
taste of the latter part ; the reason chiefly is, that 
because I ioyne these singular Events and .Morrall 
Relations in one volume, you have an epistle «t the 
beginning which at large informes you ef his intents, 
reasons, and motives^ w.hich I think may sufliee;.ni|r 
intents and wishes shall ever equall, andaecon^ptAy 
tte authours, in these his worthy and my poors 
labours, jbrewell. T. B#" 



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280 

The first book containes twelve stosies or events^ 
and the continuance seventeen relations. The fol- 
lowing is from part the first, and is the Induction 
story to Shakspeare^s Taming the Slirew. It is 
evidently taken from Heuteriis, jbut remains to be 
added to the list given by the Annotatprs. 

" The Waking Man's Dreame. The Jifth event. 

^^ The Greek proverbe saith that % man is but the 
dreame of a shaddow, or the shaddow of a dreame; 
is tber/B any thing more vaine than a shadow ? whidb 
is nothing in itselfe, being but a privation of light 
iramed by the opposition of a thicke body unto a 
luminous : is there any thing more frivolous than a 
dreame ? which hath no subsistence but in the hol- 
lownesse of a sleeping braine, and which to speake 
properly is nothing but a meere ^thering together 
of chimericall images: and this is it which. makes 
an ancient say that We are but dust and shadow ; 
our life is compared unto those, who sleeping dreame 
that they eate^ and waking find thenlselves empty 
and hungry ? and who is he that doth not find this 
experimented in himself; as often as^he revolves in 
his memory the time which is past: who can in 
these passages of this world distinguish the things 
which have been done, from those that have beene 
dreamed; vanities, delights, riches, ple^tsure, and 
all are past and gone, are they not dreames ? what 
hath our pride and pompe availed us? say those 
poore miserable soules shut up in the infernal pri- 
sons, where is our bravery become, and the glorious 
shew of our magnificence ? all these things are 
passed like a flying shadow, or as a post who hastens 



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S21 

to his journejre^s end. This is it, which causetii the 
ancient comicke poet to saj that the world was no« 
ibing but an uniyersaU comedy, because all the 
passages thereof serves but to make the wisest 
laugh, and, according to the opinion of Democritus, 
all that is acted on this great theater of the whole 
worUI, when it is ended, differs in nothingirom whkt 
bath been acted on a player's stage. The miitour 
which I will heere set before jour eyes will so lively 
expresse all these yerities,and so truly shew the 
vanities of thfc greatnebse and opulencies of the 
earth ; that although in these events I gather not 
either examples not fiirre distant from our times, 
or that have been published by any other writer, 
yet I beleeve that the serious pleasantnesse of this 
one will .supply its want of novelty, and that its 
repetition will neither bee unfruitfull nor un- 
pleasing. 

<^ In the time that Philip Duke of Burgandy (who 
by the gentlenesse and curtebnsnesse of his cania^ 
purchaste the name of good) guided the reines of 
the country of Flanders ; this Prince, who was of 
an humour pleasing, and full of judicious goodness, 
rather than silly simplicity, used pastimes Which, 
for their singularity, are commonly called the plea- 
sures of Princes: after this manner he no lesse 
shewed the quaintnesse of his wit then his pru« 
dence. » 

^' Being in Bruxelles with all his court, and having , 
at hi^ table discoursed amply enough of the vanities 
and greatnesse of this world, he let each one say his 
pleasure on this subject, whereon was alleadged 
grave sentences, and rare examples; walking to- 



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wards Ae €¥miog hi the towM, his brad ftdlof 
dtrera thougkts, be found' a tradesman lying in a 
corner sleeping verjr soundly, the hines <>f Bacchns 
baring surdiarged his braine. I describe this man's 
drunkennesse in as gocyd manner as I can to the 
eredit of the party. This vice is so common in bodi 
tSiesoperipnr and ioferiour [in] Germany, tfaaWivers 
making glory, and vaunting of tbeir dexterity in this 
art, encrease their praise thereby, and hoid it for a 
brare act. The good Duke, to give his fi^llewers an 
example of the. vanity of all the magnificence with 
which be was invironed, devised a meanes larre lesse 
dangercus then that which Dionysius the tyrant used 
towards Demodes, and which, in pleasatftenesse 
beares a marvellous ntility. He caused bis men to 
carry away this sleeper, with whom as with a blocfce 
they anight doe H^bat they would, wiUiout awaking 
him ; he caused them to carry him into one of fbe 
sumptuosest parts of his pallace, into a chamber 
most state-like ftimished, and makes them lay bim 
in a rich bed. They presently strip him of his bad 
cloathes, and put bim on a very fine and cleane shift 
in stead of bis own, which was foule and filthy ; tb^ 
let bim sleepe in that place at his ease, and whilest 
bee settles his drinke, the Duke prepares the plea- 
aantest pastime that can be imagined. 

<< In the morning this drunkard being awake, 
drawes the curtaines of this brave rich bed, sees 
bimsdife in a chamber adorned like a paradice, he 
t^nsiders the rich furniture with amazement such 
as you may imagine, be beleeves not his eyes 'but 
layes his finjfers on them, and feeling them open, yet 
perswades himselfe they are shut by^ sleep, and that 
all be sees is but a pure dreame. 

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SS3 

^ Ab BoiHie fts bo was knowoe to be awdce^ mi 
comes the officers of the Duke^ hou^e^ who were 
iMtracted by the Duke what tbej should do: tbefe 
were pages bravelj apparelled, getitleiiieii of the 
chamber^ feBHemen waiters^ and iht bi|^h cbambef^ 
laiae, who all in foire order, and withotit laughing, 
briag cloatbing for thiis new gaest ; they honour Uit 
with the same great reverences aft if hee were a 
foveraigne prince; they serre hfan bare-headed, 
mtid aska him what suite hee will please to weare 
that day. 

<< This fellow affrighted at the Srst, beleeving 

these Ibiags to be inchantments or dreames, re^ 

fckumed by these s^bittissi<ms, tooke heart and grew 

bold, and setting a good, fitce on the matter^ chused 

amongst all the apparell that they presented unto 

hi|B, that ^hich he fiked best, and which he thought 

to be fittest for him ; he is accommodated like a 

king, and served with such ceremonies as he had 

jiever seehe before, and yet beheld them without 

saying any thing, and with an assured countenance* 

This done the greatest nobleman in the Duke's 

court enters the chamber with the same reverence 

dnd honour to him as • if he had beene their 80ve« 

raigne prince ; (Philip with princely delight beholck 

this play from a private place) diverse of purpose 

petitioning him for pardons, 'which he grants with 

such a countenance and gravity as if he had had a 

crowne on his head all his lifetime. 

. ; ^^ Being risen late and dinner time approaching, 

they asked him if be were pleased to have the tables 

covered; he likes that very well": the table is 

furnished, where he is set alone, and under a rich 



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224 

tanopie be eats with the same ceremony which Vas 
observed at the Dulse's meals ; he made good cheere, 
and chawed with all bis teeth, but only drank with 
more moderation than he could have wisht, but the 
majesty which he represented made him refraine. 

<< All taken away, he was entertain^ with new 
and pleasant things, they led him to walke about 
the great chambers, galleries and gardens of the 
pallace, (for all this merriment was played within 
the gates, they being shut only for recreation to the 
Duke, and the principall of his court;) they shewed 
him all the richest and most pleasantest things 
therein, ^nd talked to him thereof, as if they had 
all beenehis, which he heard with an attention and 
contentment beyond medsure, not sayiiig one word 
of his base cotidition, or declaring that they tooke 
him for another. They made him passe the after- 
noone in all kind of sports, musicke, dancing; and a 
comedy spent some part of the time. They talked 
to him of some state matters, whereunto he an- 
swered according to his skill, and like a i'ight twelfe- 
tide king. 

« Supper time approaching, they aske this new 
created Prince if he would please to have the lords 
ind ladies of his court to sup and feast with him, 
whereat he seemed something unwilling, as if hee 
would not abase his dignity unto such familiarity ; 
nevertbelesse counterfeiting humanity, and afl&- 
bility be made signes that he condescended there- 
unto : he then towards night was led with sound 
of trumpets and hoboyes into a faire hall, where 
long tables were sfet, which were presently covered 
with divers sorts of dainty meates; the torches 



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htnad there in every comer and made a day in the 
midst of a night; the gentlemen and gentlewomen 
were set in fine order, and the. Prince at the upper 
end in a, higher seat : the j^ervice was magnificent j 
the musicfce of Toyces and instruments fed4he eare^ 
whitest mouthes found their food in the dishes; 
never was the imagi^ary Duke at such a feast : 
carousses begin after the manner of the coqntry ; 
the Prince is assaulted on all sides, as the owle is 
assaulted by all the birdes when he begins to soare : 
not to seeme uncivilly he would doe the like to his 
good and faithfull subjects; they serve him with 
very strong wine, good Hipocras, which hee ^wfil* 
lowed. downe in great draughts,, and frequently re- 
doubled, so, that charged with so many extraordi- 
naryes, he yeelded to death's cousin german sleep, 
which cloged his eyes, stopt his eares^ and made bian 
loose the use of reason, and all his other sences. 

{' Then the right Duke, who bad put himselfe 
amcmg the throng of his officers, to have the pleasure 
of this mummery,, commanding that this sleeping 
man should bee ^tript out of his brave cloathes, and 
doathed agajne in his old ragges, and so sleeping 
carried.and layd in the same place where be was 
taken vp the night before ; this was presently done, 
and there did he snort all the night long, not taking 
any hurt either by the hardnesse of the stones, or the 
night ayre, so well was his stomacke filled with good 
preservatives. 

^' Being awakened in the morning by seme pas? 

senger, or it-may be by some that the good Duke 

t Philip had thereto appointed, ha, said he, my 

friends, what have you done? you have rob*d mee 

VOL. VI. Q 



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2S0 

of a kingdome, and bare takm mee cMtt of the 
nf eetMt and tappiest 6tmme Hat efar man could 
hate Mlaa into : "tken very wdA remembring aU tiie 
ptftkmlara of #liat had pmei the da^Jbtfim^ l^e 
friated ttstottanifroBi [Mmit to point aH Ihial bad 
hi^pened Unto bim, 6l91 thinking; k assuivdly lobe 
a dieatne. Being retiuned home to bis bouse, boa 
enleftaine» faia wife^ neigbboan and fHends^ with 
thia hi« draame, m hee tkoiigbt^ the ttnih wberedf 
bafaig at bMt piAlidiad by tbe laoUtbes of those 
eoiurtieva wbo bad betiie ptesant btihifi pleasant 10- 
creation, tbe good man eoold not beleare it, think** 
log diaffor aport A»y bad fraoad One history np^ni 
hid dreame t but when Duke Phflqp who would have 
the ftffi cootentfnent of thia pleaaant iriAe had 
dfewed hint the bed* wherein hde» lay, tbe cloatbes 
which be had worne, the pensons who bad s^ved 
him, tbe h|ill wherein be had eaten, the gardens 
and gaHeriea wberein hee bad walked, hardly conld 
bee be indaced to beleero what be saw, bnagaring 
that all this waa mere iaehantmeiit and illnsion* 

^ Tbe Dnke used some liberality tawarda him ftr 
to belpe him in tte poverty of kia inmStfy and taUng 
an occasion thereon to make an oration unto his 
courtiers concerning tbe vanity of tiis world's 
honours, bee told them that all thai ambitioas per- 
sons seeke with so much indnstiy is btrt smoriBe and 
a raeere' dreame, and that they »ite stracben with 
that pleasant folly of the Athenian who imagined 
all the rkbes that arrived by sMpping in the haven 
of Athens to be bis, and that all tbe marcbants 
were but bis factors: bis friends getting him cured 
by a skSftdl physitian of the debility c^bis brain^ in 



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Ikm of fivtflf tiidib tba&te for thifl good ofllce bis 
l«viled theni) spying) that wheras he was rich ih 
CMOoit, they had bj this core made bim poore and 
miflerable in effect 

^< Harpaste, a foole that Senecae'« wife kept, and 
whose [deasant imagiaation this grav^phjlosopher 
doth taiig^ly relate, being growne blind could not 
perawade her srife diat she was so, bat oontinnally 
complained that tfie bouse wherein she dwdit waii 
daitfc, that thef woald not opm the windowes, and 
tbirt they hindned her fWNn setting light, to make 
her bele^ve she conld see nothing; hereupon this 
g^ebt stoidi makeflrthis fine eonsMeration that emy 
vitbtos mum is Iflie unto this foole, who, aHhougb 
bo be Mind in his pa^ion, yet thinks not himselfb 
to be so, easting all his defect on felse snriftises, 
whereby he eeeks not only to have bis sintie worthy 
oiTelcuse andf pardon, but even of praise; the same 
say the covetous, atnbitious, and voluptuous per- 
sons in defence of their imperfections, but, in fine, 
(as the Psalmist saith) all that mast passe away, atid 
the images thereof come to nothing, as the dreame 
of him that awaketh from sleepe. 

^^ If a bucket ^f water be as truly water as all the 
sea, the diffiNrence only remaining in the quantity 
notttt the quality, why $hall we not say that our 
pbore Brabander was a soveraigne prince for the 
apace of foure a^d twenty boures : being that he 
received all the honours and commodities thereof, 
how many kings and popes have not lasted longer, 
but have dyed on the very day of their elections or 
coronations? As for those other pompes^ whidi 
a8 



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998 

haye lasted longer, what are they else but longer 
dreames i This vanity of worldly things is a ^reat 
sting to a well composed soule, to helpe it forward 
towards the heavenly kingdome." • 

To cpncLude'this article, may be added another 
short relation of a similar circumstance, as quoted, 
without authority, in a marginal note by an author, 
who enriched Jiis work wjth a (^rowd of references to 
earlier, productions. ^^ Pyrrhu«, seeing ^ man 
dead-^runke in the.streete, being willing to sport 
himselfe, caused him to be brought to his pfdlaee, 
and there to be lodged, clothed, feastac^ and at- 
tended like a prince ; whq, waking, over-ioyed with 
so suddai^ an alteration, drunke hinselfe as he 
was before,, who. then caused him to be striptand 
put into his rags againe, and to be brojoght whore he 
was first found."^ 

• J.H. 

• See p. 72 of Qvaternio, or a Fovrefold Way to a happie life, set 
forth in a DUiogue hetmeme a Countryman and a atiten, a Diohke and 
mLaw^r. Per. Tho, Nash PhilopoUtem» 16S3, Another editioD, 1699. 
Au attempt was lately made at an auction to raise an opinion that 
this curioas and elaborate performance proceeded from the pen ef 
Thomas Nash, the author of Pierce Penniless, and other tracts ; but 
that writer died before 1606,* and the address to the reader^ prefixed 
to the QyatemiOy is dated << from the Inner Tempie^ the Idth of 
IVlay, 1632," to which may be added t^e following notice at p^ 195. 
" See the picture of this man, [an usurer] lively set forth by Nash, 
in his booke entiiuled Christ* s Teares over leriisalem, in which I findt 
■ that verified of him, in the retume from Pernassus ; 

■•■'*» 
" His style was wittie, though he had some gall j 

Something he might haue mended, so may all : 
Yet this I say, that for a mother-wit, • 

Few men hcue p^t yeei^ the lil^e of W* 



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2t9 

Art. DXXXVIII. Microcosmographie^ or a Peece 
^ of the World discovered; in Essay es and Charac- 
ters. The sixth editiony augmented. London^ 
Printed hy if. B.for Robert Allot, and are to be 
sold at his shop in Pauls Church Yard. J630. 

. . duodecimo. 

NorwiTHSTAif DING this highlj entartaining and 
Yery scaite little book is ascribed bj-Langbaine to a 
Mr.Blount,t 'Vwbo/' says he, "^ hath made himself 
known by many ingenious publications, such as his 
Microeosmography, Hone Subsecivae, &c.": (but 
who in ftct was only the publidier, as he himself 
tells us fai the prefoce) it is the production of Dr. 
John Earle, Bishop of Salisburt, of whom 
the following short account may probably be not 
unacceptable. 

' He was bom at York in 1601, and entered at 
Mertoii CoUeg^e, Oxford,, in 1620, where he be- 
came-Master of Arts, 16S4, was* a proctor in 1631, 
and about that time created chaplain to Philip,. Earl 

This coincidence of names might occasion the singular anachro- 
nism* ip a modem publicatfon, which states Thomas Nash to have 
been bom ** at Leostofie, in Suffolk, in the reign of Chlirles the 
First,'^*and in a subsequent page that *' Nash died about the yei|r 
1600, and at ^he early age of 42.*» Anecdotes qf Literature, Vol. I. 
Art. Nash. . . 

• The mistake was probably copied from ClbberU Lives of the Pbett, 
It 947, 34S. In that book Nasb the poet is placed in the reign of 
Charles' I. and the above Quaiernio ascribed to him. Editor. 

f Edward Blount, a bookseller at the Black Star, St. PauPs 
Churchyard. For an account of " Hors Subsccira," see Memoirs 
of Peers of James I.- pb3S4. Editor, 



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890 

of Pembroke, wbo presented him with tbe living of 
Bishopston in Wiltshire. He was afterwards ap- 
pointed chaplain and tutpr to Prince Charles, aod 
chancellor of the cathedral of Salisbury. For his 
steady adherence to the royal cause, he was depriv- 
ed cif every thing he possessed, and at length was 
c(NDpelled to fly into exile with King Charles the 
fiscGNBd, at whose restoration he was made Dean of 
Westminster, and in 1662 created Bishop of Wor^ 
cester^ from niieneehe was translated to. the See of 
Salisbury in 1663. Walton, the bk«raplier of 
Donne, See. sums his charactcfr by saying that sinee 
Mr. Richard Hooker died, none have li¥«d ^^ whom 
Qmd faadi Uest with more ionooenl wisdom, xaom 
sanetified learning, or a mona pious, peaeeaUe 
primitive temper." Besides the work of which I 
am about to make mention. Bishop Earle wrote as 
Elegy upon Mr. Francis Beaumont, tuAerwards 
printed at the end of Bea^imomt's Poems, London, 
1640, in quarto. He translated also from the JSnglisli 
into Latin, the Etncav B^xd-iXmnV which he eatituled 
^^ Imago Regis Caroli, in illis suis ^rumnis et Scdi- 
tudine," and which was printed at the Hague, 1649, 
dnodedmo, with a frontispiece by Marshal; and 
Hooker!8 Ecclesiastical Polity, which I believe has 
never been published. Several lesser things also he 
had some share in, which are nOw either lost or not 
known. During the plague he retired to Oxford, 
where he died November 17, 1665, und was buried 
in Bierton College Chapel."^ 

4^ Bee Wood's A^en», 11.966. EMi^r. 



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831 

Mterocosuwgfophym 

Micfocosmograp^ie consists of numerous cWac* 
ters drawn up with tlie greatest humour and correct- 
ness. Thej shew the author to haye been a man 
of reading and obsefyation, who regarded the world 
with a penetrating glance, and who diffused hk re- 
marks with proprietjr and justice; as an example of 
which I shall conclude with an extract which will 
' not, I trust, be displeasing. 

" Pauk's WaUce 

<< Is the Land's Epitom^ or jon maj cal it the 
lesser Ue of Great Brittaine. It is more then tius, 
Ihe whole world's nap, which you maj heere4i»* 
eenie in its perfeetot motion jusOfag ud tomiiig. 
It is aheape of stones and men, with a vast confti* 
ik>n of hiBgmgef, aad were the steeple not sancti- 
fied, nothing Uker-BabeL The noyse in it isUfct 
that of bees, a strange humming, orbuzze, mixtof 
walking tongues and ftetet it is a kiode of still roar 
or loud whisper. It is the great exdiange of all dis- 
course, and no busines whatsoeuer but is here stirring 
and afoote* 

^< It is the generall mint of al fiunous lies, which 
WXf here like the legends of pop^iy, first coya'd and 
stampt in the dinrcb. All inuentiopis are emptyed 
beere, and not few pockets* The be$t signe of a 
temple in it is, that is the Theeues Sanctuary, which 
robbe more safely in the croud, then a wildernesse, 
whilst euery searcher is a bush to hide them. It is 
the other expence of the day, after playes, taueme, 
and a bawdy-house, and men haue still some oathtos, 
left to sweare beer. It is the eares brothell, and 



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satisfies their lust, and y tch. The visitants are all 
men without exceptions, but the principal! inha- 
l^itants and possessors, are stale knights, and cap- 
taines* out of seruicCj men of long rapiers, and 
breeches, which after all, haue merchants here and 
traffick for newes. Some make it a preface to their 
dinner, and trauell for a stomacke : but thriftier men 
ni^e it their ordinarie : and . bobrd heere very 
cheape. Of all such places it is least haunted with 
hobgoblins, for if a ghost would walke more, hee 
could not." 

The accounts given of" an Antiquarie, a Carrier, 
a Player, a Pot Poet, an Universitie Dunne," and 
many pthers are. equally excellent, and I onl^ lament 
that the limits of this work will.oiot allow me to^ve 
them. 

The first edition is in duodecimo, Lond. 16S8. It 

has been reprinted m octavo, 173J, ^nd i*very rare. 

. P. B* 

Aet.DXXXIX; SIR PHILIP SIDNEY. 

To the Editor. 
Sir, 
The veneration I have long possessed for the 
character of Sir Philip Sidney, and the beautiful 
Introduction to his Sister^ the Countess' of Pem- 
broke, which he prefi:ted to the Arcadia^ have made 

^ Paujs, • Captaip Bpbadil, in Every Man .in his Humour, is 
styled a '* Paules Man/' whence, and from the character here given 
of it, we may infer that it was the idle resort of evety needy and 
dissipated sharper. 

f The writ^ of this artiole hut since himself given an B4it»oii of 
tbi^beok* 



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f33 

me anxious to procure every thing that relates to 
so renowned a scholar. In this search I have met 
With the following interesting quarto volume, which 
I believe is not generally known. ^' A Worke con- 
cerning the Trunesse of Christian Religion,, written 
in French: against Atheists, Epicures, Paynims, 
Jews^ Mahmnetists, and other Infidels. By Philip 
of Mornay, Lord of Plessie Marlie. Begunne to be 
translated into English by that honourable and wor- 
thy Greiitleraan, Syr Philip Sidney Knight, and at 
his request finished by Arthur CrokUng. Since which 
MmCy ii hfOh bene reviez^edy andis now the third time 
published, and purged from sundrie faultes escaped 
heretofore thorow ignorance, ccereUsnes, or other cor^ 
ruptian. At London Printed for Gedrge Potter, 
dwelling at the great North doore of S. Pauls 
Oiurch^ at the signe of the BiUe, 1604." 

The volume, which consists of 590 pages, is dedi- 
cated ^' To the High and M ightie Henry Friderick 
Prince of Wales : and this is followed by an Epistle 
Dedicatorie, firom' du Plessie, To the Right High 
and mightie Prince, Henry King of Nauarre, Soue- 
reigne of Bearne, and a P^ere and Chiefo Prince of 
the bloo4 RoyaU of F^rance :" to them succeedes the 
Preface to the Header. 

The following are some of the SuQimes of the 
Chapters. 

1. <^ That there is a God, and that all Men agree 

in the Godhead. 
S. That there is but only one God. 
3. That the wisdome of the worlde ackoowledgeth 

one onely God. 



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4« What it is that Man is aUe to cmipr^end coin 

cerning G^od. 
6. That in the one Essence ^f Qod there are three 

persos, whidi we cal the Trinitie. 

6. That die world had a beginning. • 

7. When the world bad hi« beginning. 

8* That the wisdom of the world acknowle<i^;etii 

the creation <^the world. 
9. That God created the world of nothing, that is 

to say, without anj. matter, svbstance, or 

stnffe whereof to make it. 

10. That God hj his prouid6oe*gooerBeth tibe wedd^ 

and all things thereiii. 

11. That all the enil which is, or whid|i seopeth to 

be in the world, is sulgect to God^s proni- 
denee. 

12. That tnans wisdome hath acfcjiowledged God's 

proindSce, and how thes^rae w«deth between 
destinjr and fortune. 

13. That mans Soule is immortal]. 

14. That the intaiortalitia of the soule hath bin 

taught by the ancient Philosophers and * be^ 
leeiied by all nations. 
'<1S. That man's nature is corrected, and he hinip 
selfe iaUen from his first oviginal, and 1^ 
what meanes. 

16. That the men of former time are of acc<»rd with 

Ys concerning man's corruption and the cause 
thereof • 

17. That God is the Soueraigne wel&re of mi^ and 

therfore that the cheefe end of man ought to 
be to return vnto God. 

18. That the wisest of al ages are of accord diat 



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God 18 tlie ohe^ But^ and Souenugae wel« 
fitreofmim. . J.S. C» 



mftf^aBsmmfssttramfm 



Am. DXL. '' Resohes Dhtnty Morally i^ Po- 
HHealy in 7W Centuries. London^ 16S8, 4to. 1631^ 
Sfc. By Owen FeUham.''^Bodl. CaUUogue. 

OWEN FELTHAM. 

" Of this Fbltham,** says Oldys,* << there haft 
beeoi little writteD. He was a poet of thofte times, 
bat Here noted as a moralist for his book of Resolves, 
upon which T. Randolph has written a good poem. 
His ftther, Thonaw Feltham, was a Saflbtk man ; 
he died the 11th of March 16S1, aged eixty-two, 
and was buried at Babram in Cambridgeshire; with 
a monument on*whicb a Latin inscription was writ- 
ten, composed bj this Owen, one of his three chil- 
dren. William Lough ton, the schoolmaster, in 
Kensington, is the only person I hare met with, 
who Inows any thing more of him. I think he told 
me once, near thirty years since, that he, or some 
of his ikmily, was ^related to Owen Feltham, and 
that he lived in some noble' house in quality of 
€^t. qf the Horse, -or Secretary to some noble- 
pian, with several other particulars now forgot. 
His book of Resolves wais poUished in 4to. 1631, 
1636, 1661, &c. having been looked upon by some 
readers as a treatise full of good counsels and fine 
conceits. But Mr. John Constable, in his Reflec* 
tbn upon accuracy of style, 8vo. 1734, has in many 

* Fn>m bit MS. notes to UuBgiiaine. 



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instances exposed his'pedantical, affected, and on- 
natural phrase. Yet have the said Resolves had a 
modem impression inSvo. 1709. 

<^ In 1677 the said JResolves were published in 
folio, to which are* joined some occasional pieces of 
poetry by the same Author, entitled ^' Lusoria ;'.' 
but among them I think there is not the Answer to 
Ben Jonson's famous Qde, ^' Come, l^ave the loathed 
Stage^'' which is inserted in ^^ Langbaine's Dramatic 
Poets." 

^' If the Author was notdead before that edition, 
one may presume he did not live long after. I 
think there was an editicm in folio 1696." 

The following are the two last stanzas of Feltham's 
Ode, as inserted by Langfoaioe: 

" Alcaeus lute had none. 

Nor loose Anacreon ' . 

Ere taught so bold assuming of the bays. 
When th^y deserted no praise. 
To raril men into approbation. 
Is new to yours alone; 
And prospers not; for know 
Fame is as coy, as you 
Can be disdainful ; and who dare» tV) prove ' 
A rape on her^ shall gain her scorn, not love. 
., I>ave then this humour vain. 
And this more humorous strain. 
Where self-conceit and clioler of tb« blood 

Eclipse what else is good : 
Then if you please those raptures high to touch 
Whereof you boast so much ; 
And but forbear your crown, 
Till the world puts it on : 



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837 

No doubt from all'you naj aiiiaz«iii«nt draw, 
Siocci braver tbemt no Pfaoobas eT^r raw.*^ 

This Answer is also printed in Abraham Wrij;ht*8 
Parnassus Biceps, or University Poems, 8vo. 1656. 

Thomas Randolph wrote a detence of Jonson, in 
aa Ode entitled ^^ An Answer to Mr. Ben Johson's 
Ode to persuade him to leave the stage/' beginning; 

" Ben, do not leave the stage, 
'Cause 'tis a Idathsome age.*' 

This Ode k. printed in Randplph's poeqis^ and also 
bjr Laiiigbaipe. 

Thomas Carew also has yerse^ ^^ to ^en Jonson 
upon occasion of his Ode of defiance ^noext to his 
plaj of the New Inne," which arc inserted at p. 108 
of the first edition of his Poems, 1640. 

But Feltham was/ notwithstanding this, a friend 
of Randolph, who addi'essed a poem ^^ to M. 
Feltham on his Bookof Re3olves'' in which are these 
lines : . • ' 

'* The book 1 read, and read it with delight. 

Resolving so to live as thou dost write, 

And yet I guess thy life thy book produces. 

And but expresses thy peculiar uses." 
and the following lines close it ; 

" Such is thy sentence, such thy stile, being read 

Men see thetn both together happily wed. 

And so resolve to keep them wed, as we 

Resolve to give (bem to posterity. 

'Mongst thy Resolves put my Resolves in too ; 

Resolve who's will, thus I resolve to do ; 

That should my errors choose another's line 

Whereby to write« I me^n to live by thine." 



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288 

Before lUndelpfa's Poems, Feltimni hei TefBes << On 
his beloved friend the Author, and bis ingenious 
poems'' subscribed << Owen Feltham, Gent" * 



Bes^veBj divine^ moral, poUHaU. the mnth ioip9t$^ 
sum, with new and several other sMitians both in 
prose and versCy not extant in the former impress 
sions. By Owen FeUham^ Esq. Et sic demukeo 
vitam. London : Printed for A. Sicle, and are to 
be sold by Allen Bancks and Charles Harper at the 
Fhwer de luce in Fteet^treet over against Cl^f&rfs 
Inn. 1670. Folio. 

Ov Feltham and his ^^ ResoWes" some mention 
has already been made in the preceding part of 
this article* The principal object therefore of the 
present addition is. to bring forward some few of 
the poetical productions of this author. Whether 
they inadvertently escaped the attention of Mr. Ellis 
in the compilation of his Specimens, it is impossible 
to conjecture, as the majority of them certainly 
possess no slight degree of merH; but it has been 
the fate of Feltham to experience little notice or 
attention in his poetical capacity. 

The " Lusoria, or Occasional Pieces,^ Were 
apparenily^5f added to the present edition, and in 
which the Answer to Jonson's Ode of ^^ Come leave 
the loathed Stage/^ is inserted, although, accord* 
ing to Oldys, it is not to be found in the subsequent 
edition of 1677. 

The following is a table of the principal matters 
in Luspria. 



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S86 
<< 1. True bapptfleM* 9. To the lAtdy D. S. 
3. The Sun and Wind. 

* Why thiak'tl thou, fool, tby beMlief rtyes 

Should flame my colde|r heart ; 
When thy disdain shall, several wayes, 

Soch piercfaig blasts impart 1 

See'st not those beams that guild the day. 

Though they be hot and fierce/ 
Yet have not heat nor power to stay, 

M^ben winds their strength disperse. 
So though thy sun heats my de$ire. 

Yet know thy coy disdain 
Ffils like a storm on that young fire. 

So blowes me cool again/ 

4. On tba Dtke'of Ihidtkigrbam skin by FeUim ^ 
S3d Aug. 1696. 5. The Appeal. 6. Elegie oo Henn 
Earl of Oxford. 

7. On a Jewel given at parting. 

* Wben cvoel time enforced me ' 

Subscribe to a dividing, 
A heart all faith and loyalty 

I kfft you freshly bleeding. 

You in requital gave a. stone. 

Not easie to he brokea ; 
An emUeme sure that of yotir own 

Heart's hardness was a tok^n. 

O fate, what justice b in this. 

That I a heart must tender : . 
And you so edd in courtesies, 

As but a stone lo render. 



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8*0 

Either your stone turn to a lieart. 

That love may find requiting : 
Or else my heart to stone con vert, 

* That may not feel your slighting/ 

8. Upon mj Father's Tomb at fiabram in Cam- 
bridgeshire. 9. The Cause« 10. The Vow-breach. 
11. The Sympathy. 13. The Reconcilement. 13. 
A Farewell. 14. Fanebre Yenetianum. On the 
Lady Venetia Digby, found dead in her bed, lean- 
ing her head on her hand. 1$. An Epitaph on Ro- 
bert Lord Spencer. 16. The Spring in (he Rock. 
17. The Amazement. 18. An Epitaph on Lady 
Mary Farmor. 19. On a hopeful youth. 80. An 
Answer to the Ode of Come leayetheloath^ Stage, 
&c. 21. To Phiyne. 22. To M. Dover on his 
Cotswold Grames. 23. On Sir Rowland Cotton, 
famous for letters and other parts, 24. On a Gren- 
tleman whose nose was pitted with the small pox. 
25. Elegie on Mr. Fra. L^igh, who dyed of the plague, 
May-day, 1637. 56. Song. 27. Gunemastia. 28. To 
the painter taking the picture of the Lady Penelope 
Countess of Petersburgh. 

29. Upon a breach of Promise. . 

* 1 am confirmed in my beliefi 
No woman hath a soul : 

They but delude, that is the chief» 
To which their fancies roul. 

Else how coufd bright Aurelia fail. 

When she her faith bad given. 
Since vows that other's eares assail, 

Recorded are in heaven. 



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But as the alch'miif s flattemg firetf. 

Swell up his hopes of prise ; 
Till the crackt spirit quite expires. 

And with his fortune dies : 

So though they seem to cheer, and speak 

Those things we most implore. 
They do but flame us up to break, . 

Then never mind us more.' 

SO. To this written by a Gentlewoman, the answer 
underneath was given. 31. Song. 33. This en* 
suing copy, the late Printer hath been pleased to 
honour bj mistiiking it amongst those of the most 
ingenious and too early lost Sir John Suckling. S3. 
Song. 34. Upon a rare voice. 35. Considerations 
of one designed for a Nunnery. 36. In Gulidmi 
Laud, Archiepiscopi UauCuaHeusis, Decdllationem, 
Jan. 10 1643. 37. On Thomas Lord Coventry^ 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, who 
died Decemb. 1640. 38. Upon abolishing the feast 
of the Nativity of our blessed Saviour, Anno 1643. 
39. On Mr. MynshuU. 40. An Epitaph to the 
eternal memory of Charles the First, King of Great 
Britain, &c. inhumanely murthered by a perfidious 
party of his prevalent subjects, Jan. 30, 1648.^ 41. 
On the Lady E.M." 
With regard to Feltham's << Characters of the 

* The author's reneration for this monarch approaches almd^ to 
the verge of blasphemy ; after extoUhig him as OQtshioiikg Job ik 
patieoce, and Solomon in wisdom, and comparing bit <' ptarleaf 
book/* with the Psalms and Proverbs> be concludes the epitaph 
with the two following lines : 

" When be had rose thus, Truth's great sacrifice. 
Here Charles the First, and Christ the second lyes." 
VOL. VI. R 



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Low Countries,'' and his MisoeUaneous Letters, 

(which form the concluding part of the present 

volunie) Mr. Gumming has justly obseri-ed ^^ that 

they prove the author to have been a very lively wit, 

ai well as a grave mondbt." 

J. H. M. 



Abt. DXLL GERVASE BfAUKHAM. 

His Cavahirice* was printed in 1617, in 4to. under 
the title of ^< Caoalarice^ or the English Jfforseman; 
eaniaynmg ell the artof Horsemanship^ as much as is 
necessary for any man to understand^ whether hee he 
horse-breeder^ horse^ryder^ horse-hunter^ hors^^runner^ 
horse^^mbler^ horse^farrier^ horse^keepery coachsnan, 
smith or sadler. Together j with the discovery of the 
subtil trade or mystery of horse^coursersy and an 
explanation of the excellency of a horses understand-^ 
ing: or how to teach them to do trickes like Bankes 
his Curtail: and that horses nuu/ be made to dram 
dry^fbot like a hound. Secrets before unpublished^ 
and now carefuUy set downe for the profit of t/Us 
whole nation^ newly imprinted^ corrected and aug* 
mentedy with many worthy secrets not before knowne. 
By Gervase Markham. 

In eight books, separately paged, and with fron* 
tispiaoee, to each of whidi is subjoined, London^ 
Printed by Edw. Aide for Edward WhitCj and are 
to be sold ai his shop neere the little north doore 
of St. PasUes Chssrehy at the sign of the Gun. 
MlT.t 

* CuituiA* Td.V. p. 113^ note* 
f TiM 3d sftd aa Booki m dated 101S. 



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The Itt book is dedicated to Charles, Prince of 
Wales ; the 9d book, in the following Sonnet, ^ To 
the High and mightie Prince of Great Brittaine.*^ 

" When with seuearer iudgement^ I beholde 

The customary habits of our Nation, 
Nothing I finde so strong or vncontrold^ 

As is of great mep's Actes the Immitation. 

Whence conies it, that to immitate your praise » 
Our lesser great ones, (which would else neglect 

The noblest Acte of vertne) now do rai^e 
Their spirits up, to love what you respect : 

O may you euer line, to teach them thus 
These noble Actes, which gets the noble name; 

And may the grace, you doe the Arte and ts^ 
Liue to outline Time, Memorie, and Fane { 

That many ages hence the world may say. 

You gaue this Arte the life shall ne're decay I 

OeRVASE MAHKHAli« 

The 9d book is dedicated to Lewis^ Duke of 
Lennox ; the 4th) to The. Howard, Earle of Arimddl 
and Surrey; the Sth, to £dw. Earle of Worcester; 
the 6th, to Phil. Herbert, Earle of Mountgomerie ; 
the 7th, to John Ramsey, Viscount Haddington; and 
the last to the honourable and most worthy Knight 
Sir Walter Aston« It is impossible to epitomize so 
multiihrious a performance. 

On the S7th of November, 1616, Markham was 
censured by the Star Chamber, and fined in the sum 
of 900L for sending a Challenge to Lord Darcy. ^ A 

* See a curious anecdote of an enoomnter between a Oervase 
Karkham and Sir John Holies, in 1597, in Tbeatr. Poet. Angl 370 
M*dS0, copied firom Collin's K^hU Families, p, S4, 8d« MdUof, 
bJ2 



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244 

folio MS. in the possession of tbe present Corre- 
spondent, contains the proceedings and speeches at 
full length ; from which' it appears that the case 
excited unusual interest ; and was deemed of high 
importance by the Lords of the Star Chamber, as 
no fewer than the following delivered their opinions 
on it : the King's Attorney, Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, Lord Chief Justice, Secretary Winwood, 
Vice Chamberlain, Bishop of Ely, Bishop of Lon- 
don, Master of the Wards, Lord Arundell, Lord 
Treasurer, Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Lord 
Chancellor. 
J The quarrel between Markham and Lord Darcy 
^ arose from his Lordship's dog " Bowser" having 
■ been "in danger to be trodden on" by Markham, 
on a hunting party at Sir Gervase Clifton's !— Well 
may we exclaim 

" What mighty contests rise from trivial things I" 
Birmingham, May 24, 1806. William Hamper. 



Abt. DXLII. Pax Vobisy or Wits Changes: 
tuned in a JLatine hexameter ofPeace^ whereof the 
Tmmeral letters present they ear e of our Lord: and 
the verse it selfe (consisting only of nine words) 
admitted 1623 several changes or transpositions^ 
remaineth still a true verse^ to the great wonder of 
common understanding. With a congratulatorie 
Poem thereupon f and some other chronograms^ of 
the Uke numeral nature^ expressing both the yeare 
of our Lordy and the yeare of the King's reigne. 
Composed in celebration of this y ear es entrance of 



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245 

kis Majestic into the xxi yeare of his blessed raigne 
over Great Britaine : and of the hopefull Joumall 
of the thrice illustrious Prince Charles into Spain. 
By Ro. Tisdale of Grates Inne, Gent. 1623. 4to. 

The title of this chronogrammic poen) will afford 
a sufficient exposition of its contents. T. P. 



Art. DXLIII. The Image of bothe Churches 
Hierusalem and Babel — Unitie and Confusion — 
Obedience and Sedition — by P. D. M. Printed 
at Tomay by Adrian Quinque. 1623. With 
licence. 12mo. pp. 461, exclusive of Dedication^ 
Preface^ S^c. 

J. Boucher, Doct. Theol. Canon and Arch- 
deacon of Tomay, has subjoined his sentiments of 
approbation to the above work, and upon the con- 
cluding page appears the following singular post- 
script : 

^^ .Blame not my will but my wants, that the Latin 
is not translated into English : I had not paper, nor 
means, being stinted." 

I shall feel happy to be favoured with the remarks 
of any of the Cprrespondents of the Censura Lite- 
bar i a upon the above curious work, and also as to 
its author. 
Ardwick, Lancashire, May 19, ld07. J. H. M. 



Art. DXLIV. The History of Frier Rush^ how 
he came to a house of Religion to seek a service^ 
and being entertained by the Priour^ was first made 



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310 

(7jfHfef Cookf being JnU of pleoHmt mirth and de* 
light for young people. 

[Remainderofthe title-page torn off.]* ito. The 
gignatures extend to G 3. 

This is a book of great rarity, which Mr. Ritson 
had ranked as a desideratum, and of which Mr. 
Beloe has given an account from a copy in the rich 
library of the Marquis of Stafibrd. Another copy 
having &llen in my way, I take the opportunity of 
giving an exfa^ct| from the first chapter. 

^^ A pleasant kislory, how a Dhell (named Rush) 
came to a religious house to seek him a service. 

^ TheM was sometime beyond the sea edified and 
ftmndeda certain house and cloister of religious men, 
which house was founded at a great forrest's side, 
fyt to maintain the service of Almighty God, and 
daily to pray for their benefactors and founders, and 
for the salvation 6f their own souls ; which place by 
reason of their founders and well disposed people, 
(which gave unto it largely of their goods and posses* 
sions) increased in riches, and eveiy man had gold and 
silver at th^r will ; and also of meat and drink they 
had great plenty : insomuch, that they were so much 
at ease, and had so much, that they wist not what 
to do, ikej were so full of wantonness^ whereby 4ha 
service of Almighty God was not well maintained 

* Mr* Beloe adds '< Imprinted at London by £dw. AU^de, and 
•re to be solde by Francis Grove^ dwelling on Snow-Hill. 1626»'' Set 
ibuftcdotes of Ltteratnre and Scarce Books, 1. 24B, 



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MT 

among them: for oftentimet thej mid nMmt 
nattin« nor even song: and throufh their great 
negligence thej forgate dean the diaige that they 
were bound to, when they entered into their religioB^ 
and they lived more like beast without reason, then 
like men of good and hdy conversation : for they 
haunted harlots and lived vidoosly, and the goods 
that was given them by good and weU-disposed 
people, they spent in unthriftinesse and ribaldry. 
And when the great Princes of Divells, which are 
the patrons of ill vices, understood of the great 
misrule and vile living of these religious men ; eon- 
suited to keep them still in that state, and worse if 
it might be. 

<' And these be the names of the DeviUs— Bel- 
pkegor, who was prmce of Gluttony ; Asmodeus, 
Priifoe of Lechery ; and Belzebub, Prinoe of Envy ; 
with many other Devils assemhlad t<^her ; whkh 
rejoiced for the misorder of these religious men. 
And as they were all assembled together with one 
accord, they chose a Devill to go and dwell among 
these religious men, for to maintain them the longest 
in their ungracious living, which OeviU was put in 
rayment like an earthly creature, and went to the 
Religious house» and there he stood at the gate a 
certain space, all alone with an heavy countenance. 
Then within a while after, the Priour came unto the 
gate, and espied Rush the young man, standing 
there all alone. Anon he said unto him, ^^ What 
dost thou here ? and ^hat wouldst thou have?'' The 
young man with great reverence answered and said; 
^^ Sir, I am a poor young man, and nm out of service 
and fain would havf a master. And, Sir, if it please 



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M9 

y6U to have me^ I »ball do jou diligent service, anc( 
sliall do 80 well that jovL and all your brethrejn and 
convent shall be glad of me, for I shall keep so well 
jour secrets, that I trust to obtain at all times jour 
good love and favour, and all theirs also. 

^' And when the Priour heard these words, he was 
moved with ptttj, and said ! " Go into the kitchen 
to the Cook, and shew him that I have sent thee 
thither, and bid him shew thee, what thou shalt do ; 
fbr thou shalt be with him a certain season, till that 
time other better thing ihl." Then the joung man 
mude his reverence to the Priour, and thanked him, 
and forthe he went to the kitchen, where he found 
the master cook. Anon hee made reverence unto 
. him, and said : ^^ Sir, mj master the Priour hath 
sent me hither unto jou, and commandeth me to 
ghew JOU what T shall do, for I must be here and 
help JOU." The master cook answered and said ; 
<< you be welcome." And anon he set him to such 
business as he bad to do. And thus the Devill be* 
CBime Under Cook in the place that he was assigned 
unto, by the Prince of Devills." 

Then follow the Devill's words, (" laughing") to 
himself. 



Art. DXLV. Barclay/ his Argents^ or the Love 
of PoUarchus and Argents^ faithfully translated 
out of Latin into English hy Kingsmill Long^ 
Esq, The second edition^ beautified with pictures. 
Together hoith a Key prcefjxd to unlock the whole 
story. London. Printed for Henry Seile at the 
signe of the Tygres Head in Fleetstreet neere the 
Conduit 1636. Sm. ito. pp. 719. 



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349 

This volume is adorned by a print of Bardajr, 
natus 26 Jan. 1582, obiit 12 Aug. 1621— peaked 
beard, and whiskenj ; hair turned up firom the fore- 
head; a ruff flying off from the shoulders, and 
flower'd vest. " D. du Monstier pinx. C. Melton 
sculp." 

" Gente Caledonius^ Gallus oatalibus hie est^ 
Romam Romano qui docet ore loqui." H. Grotius. 

M.P. 



John Barclay, the author was son of William 
Barclay, a learned and eminent Scotch civilian, 
who was born at Aberdeen 1541, and died about 
1605. The son is said to have had considerable 
employments under King James, and particularly 
to have been made Gentleman of the Bedchamber 
to him* He quitted London in 1617, and went to 
Paris ; and afterwards to Rome, at the invitation of 
Pope Paul V. where he died. 

The Argents is his most celebrated work. It 
was first printed at Paris in 8vo. in 1621. It has 
since passed through many editions, and been 
translated into several languages. The first English 
translation was published in 4to. in 1638, by Sir 
Robert Le Grys, at the command of King Charles I. 
The poetical part was translated by Thomas May, 
Esq. The translation by K. Long, here registered, 
was the second. Another appeared as late as 1772, 
in four volumes, 12mo. under the following title. 

" The Phoenix ; or^ The History of Polyarckus 
and Argemsj translated from the Latin by^n LadyJ*^ 
In the Pre&oe to this, it is observed, that ^^ the 



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250 

IBditor hag made use of both the former tranda- 
tioDSL occasionally 9 and whenever a doubt arode, had 
recourse to the original," 

Barclay's L<atin stjle^ iki his Argenis, has been 
much praised, and much censured. It h said that 
Cardinal Kichlieu was extremely fond of reading 
this work, and that from thence he derived many of 
bis political maxims. It is observed, in the Preface 
to the last English translation, that ^^ Barclay's 
Argenis affords such variety of entertainment, that 
every kind of reader may find in it something ^uit- 
aUe to bis own taste and disposition : the statesman, 
the philosopher, the soldier, the lover, the citizen, 
tiie friend of mankind, each may gratify bis fevourite 
propensity; while the reader wfao comes for his 
amusem^it only^ will not go away disappoint0d/* 
It is also rwiarked of this work, in the same pre- 
llice, that it is a romaQce, an allegory, and a system 
of politics. In it the various forms of government 
ure investigated, the causes of faction detected, and 
the remedies pointed out for most of the evils that 
can arise in a state." In this political allegory, "By 
the kingdom of Sicily, France is described, during 
the time of the civil wars under Henry the Third, 
and until the fixing the crown upon the head of 
Henry the Fourth. By the country ov^ against 
Sicily, and frequently her competitor, England is 
signified. By the country formerly united und«r 
one head, but now divided into several pruicipalities, 
the author means Germany ; i. e. Mergania. Se- 
veral names are disguised in the same manner, by 
iransposing the letters," As to the prindpal pw- 
sons, designed, <^ By Aquilius is rafant the Empeiar 



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of Oermaiijr? Calvia is Usinuka, and the Hagaanota 
are called Hypertphanii. Under the person wd 
character of Poljarchas, Barclay undeubtedly in- 
teaded to describe the real hero, Henry of Navarre^ 
as be has preserved the likeness even to his features 
and complexion. By his rivals are veant the leaders 
ot the difierent Actions ; by Lycpgenes and hia 
friends, the Lorrain party, with the Duke of Guise 
at their head. Some features of Hy anisbe's character 
ave supposed to resemble Queen Elizabeth of Eng- 
land ; Radirobanes is the King of Spain ; and his 
fruitless expedition against Mauritania is pointed 
at the ambitious designs of Philip the Second ,and 
his invincible Armada, Under Mdeander the cha- 
racter irf'Heniy the third of France seems intended; 
though the resemblance is very flattering to him." * 



AaT. DXLVI. Xjetters of udvke touching, the 
choice of Kfdghi$ and Burgesses for the Parlia-* 
nwttt; and directed to all those Counties^ Cities and 
Boroughs of this Kingdomey to t/ohom the choice of 

' such Knights and Burgesses do appertaine : that 
for prevention of the publike ruine now threatened^ 
they mqy bemore carefull to make good elections 
now and hereafter^ then they hfive been heretofore. 
Thereto are annexed certain reasons for new elec^ 
tionsy with brief e answers to some objections ; and 
short notes touching the manner of choosing Knights 
and Burgesses^ according to the ancient and legall 
customs London : Printed in the ye^e MDCXL V, 
*tQ. pp,22. 

*Biofr.Bfil. I. SSS. 



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352 

This is a very scarce tract from the pen of that 
old, honest) and voluminous satirist, but certainly 
unequal writer, George Wither. It contains much 
of the flowing^ lip-wisdom universally displayed by 
the Vox populi, upon a dissolution of parliament, 
when the vote of the individual should be ceded with 
the caution of transferring a birth-right. To these 
letters are given ^^ the superscription, to the ho- 
nourable cities and counties of London^ Westminster, 
Surry, and Southampton, (to whom t am especially 
obliged) and to all other the honourable and wor- 
shipfuU counties and corporations throughout the 
kingdome of England, and dominion of Wales, to 
whom the choice, &c." and after taking a brief view 
of mischiefe arising from the choice of persons, who 
proved apostates and traitors, he proceeds tb sketch 
an outline of some candidates, which it could not be 
difficult to parallel at the present period. 

^^The only means to be delivered from such mis- 
chiefs, is, by humbly supplicating the divine mercy; 
by truly repenting our sins ; and by taking more heed 
hereafter (then we have done heretofore) that we be 
n6 traitors to our selves, in foolishly giving up the 
disposure of our estates, lives, liberties and con- 
sciences to them who will sell us for old shoes, and 
serve us, onely to serve their own turnes, to our 
destruction. Therefore, I beseech you to be warie, 
whom you shall now, or hereafter, elect ; and qiake 
us not irrecoverably unhappy, by listening to the 
insinuations of unworthy persons, who will impor- 
tune yoii by themselves, or others, to put our bodies 
and soules into their hands; complying with all 
shewes of curtesie and humility, till their purpose^ 



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are obtained ; and never afterward regard your per< 
sons, your cause, your miseries, or your petitions i 
but over-look you with such pride and despight, as 
if they had neither received their power from you, 
nor for your welfare : but meerly to exalt their own 
vanitie ; or, as if every one of them had in his siqgle 
capacitie, conferred on him by his election^ such a 
measure of all virtues and sciences ; and received 
such an extraction out of the body represented, that 
none of his electors had left in himself, either wis- 
dome, honestie, or pietie, in comparison of bis ; 
though but the d^y before his election, all the good 
yoa heard or knew of him, amounted perhaps to no 
more, but that he was a good huntsman, a good 
fiiMlkner^ a good gamester, or a good fellow, who, 
having a good estate in his country, where he was 
chosen, a good opinion of himselfe, and a good mind 
to be a law*maker, was elected by bis neighbours, 
who had rather adventure the undoing of themselves, 
their posteritie, and the whole . kingdome, then 
bazzard his frowne, or the. lords and ladies dis- 
pleasure who soUidted for him. ..Which.foUie that 
you may now shun, both for the remedie of present 
evils, and for the better establishing our just privi- 
ledges, with die common safetie ; let your care be to 
avoid the choice of such as these. 

1. Me» oxter lavish Jn speakings or in taking 
extraordinarie pleasure to hear themselves talk; 
for,' a man full of words is neither good to give, or 
keep counsell. 

S. Noto^mis gamesters ; for^ though I have known 
some o^^tbem mttie, I never found a prudent or just 
man among them. For, how, can he be. just .whose 
daylie practice is to cheat otlmn, ,af their estates ? 



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Olr, haw can they baTepnidenoe beeoming dispogers 
of the publike treasure, who are so fodish, ag need- 
lessely to expose their certain estates to the uncertain 
hazards of chance ? 

3. Men extremefy addicied to hunting or hawking: 
for, most of these, so they preserve and increase their 
game and inlaige priviledges for their owne pleasure, 
much care not though it were to the depopulation 
and impoverishing of whofo countries, and to the 
multiplying of those wild beasts, which are one of 
the curses threatned for sinne. 

4. The hauihold sercanifj oir iwA 08 are tiieMlged 
dependenii on peers of the realme except they be of 
known and approved integritie. For, thou^ some 
lords have honourably persisted fiiithflill to the re* 
publike, both now and in all times of triall ; yet, the 
greatest part prefer their wiU and pleasure belbre 
the just liberties and priviledges of the Commons; 
yea, sometimes before the safety of the whole king- 
dome and the purity of Grod*8 worship: and sudi 
noblemen wil upon all advantages, expect from 
their creatures, the promotion of their own designes 
and interests, how repugnant soever t6 the generaU 
good. 

5. CourHers depending merely &n the Kin^s ot 
Queen* s favour; for, the inlargement and con* 
tinuance of their fortunes depend on the ptwogati ve ; 
and, the more that may be improved to the' dqpves* 
sion of the subject, the richer and the greater these 
grow.'' \ 

These admonitoiy faddbitions are CMtiniked against 
ambitious, covetous, wanton, proud, vujous, and 
irreligious dmracters ; and succeeded by portraying 
the proper nominitioiii ^ to wi^ asMy wfton ycm 

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know, or believe (by their testimony, whose fidelitie 
you suspect not) to bee of upright conversaticms, 
unreprovaUe, (as far as humane frailtie will per- 
mit) prudent, stout, impartial], sober, well-expe- 
rienced, lovers of their countrey, grave, meek, 
humble, religious, and rather eminent for their vir- 
tues and abilities, then for their wealth, birth, or 
titles : and yet not so poore or meane as to make 
their persons liable to contempt, or in danger to bee 
exposed to a temptation through extreame neces- 
sities." For preventing or abolishing the evil 
customs and disorders of elections are three pro- 
positions, wherein the determination by lot, with 
reference to the scriptures, is discussed. At the 
end is a long postscript touching the duty after 
choice, in which the elector upon discovering the 
knight or burgess to be unfaithful to the trust re- 
posed in him in various instances, as " complying 
or plotting with malignants as in the conspiracies 
and apostacies of Waller, Hotham, and such like ;" 
inforaatton should be immediately exhibited in or- 
der to proceed to ve-election according to need. 
Thirty lines of poetry form a conclusion; the last 
dix as fcdlowB : 

•* But when my houre is come, I will be bold 
To speak, what 1 am prompted to unfold. 
For, therefore was I home ; yea, therefore, yet 
I live, to tell men that which they fvtget 
And, though hut few regard what I nbw say, 
Some do, and most men will, another day. 
Your true-speaking, and faithful! servant* 
and Remembrancer, 

Gbo. WlTH»B. 
Primed b^R. A. 16M.'' 

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956 

Two sheets of this pamphlet appear to have been 
distributed according to the last date, and in the 
following year another sheet was added containing 
the above title, and three leaves appended at the 
end with ^^ reasons for new elections, and some ob^ 
jections answered ;" and ^^ of the manner of choos- 
ing knights and burgesses/' J. IL 



Art. DXLTIL England's Tearesfor the present 
Wars^ which for the nature of the QuarreU^ the 
quality of Strength, the diversity of Battailei, 
Skirmigesy Encounters, and Sieges (happened in 
so short a compasse of time) cannot beparalleWdbt/ 
any precedent Age. Underneath is the King^s 
Arms, and this motto : 

Hei mihi^ quam misere nigit Leo, Lilia languent ! 
' HeUy Lyra, .quam maestos pulsat Hiberna sonos ! 

Printed at London, according to Order, by Richard 
Heron, 1644. 4/o. pp. 18. 

James Howeli<* is the author of this singular 
tract: which is adorned with an exceedingly fine 
etching, as frontispiece, by ^^ Melan et Bosse," re- 
presenting a cavalier reclining in a pensive manner 
against an ancient oak, whereon is inscribed Robur 
Britannicum : and at his feet a scroll with Hie tutus 
obumbror. Symbol Auth. 

* James HoweU died 1666. He was author of more than forty 
puhlicationsy which are mentioned hy Payne Fisher, who edited this 
author's Poems, Lond. 1664, 8to. His familiar Letters still retain 
their reputation* 

He must not be confounded with William Howell, LL.D. I^ellow 
of Magd. Coll. Camb; and author of «< The History of the World.»> 
Lond. 1680, 1686, of which I think Gibbon speaks well Ediior. 



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«57 

Cnglaiid bewails the miseries of War in language 
like the following ; ^^ Oh I that my head did flow 
with waters; Oh that my ejes were limbecks 
through which might distill drops and essences of 
bloud ! Oh that I could melt away, and dissolve all 
into teares more brackish than those seas that sur- 
round mel^' &c. 8ic. Part of an apostrophe to 
Peace is poetically expressed. ^^ Sweet Peace, most 
benigne and amiable gpddesse, how comes it to 
passe that thou hast so abandoned earth, and taking 
thy flight to heaven, as once Astraea did, dost reject 
the sighs and sacrifices of poore mortals ? Gen- 
tle peace, thou which goest always attended on by 
plenty and pleasure, thou which fillest the husband- 
man's bames, the grasier's folds, the tradesman's 
shop, the vintner's cellars, the lawyer's desk, the 
merchant's magazines, the Prince's tresury, how 
comes it to passe that thou hast given up thy throne 

to Bellona, that all-destroying Jfury? Behold 

how my plundered yeoman wants hinds and horse 
to plow up my fertile soyle; the poore labourer 
who useth to mingle the morning dew with his 
anheled sweat, shakes at his worke for fear of 
pressing; the tradesman shuts up his shop, and 
keeps more holy-daies than willingly hee would; 
the merchant walks to the exchange oqely to learne 

newes, not to negotiate. O consider my case, 

most Uissfull Queene, descend, descend againe in thy 
ivory chariot; resume thy throne, crowne thy tem- 
ples with thy wonted laurell and olive, bar up Janus 
gates, and make new Hakionian dayes to shine in 
this hemisphere, &c. &c. 

Birmingham. ^ W.H* 

VOL. VI. s 



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90S 

Art. DXLVIII. AENAPOAOMA. tyodona's 
Groroe^ or the Vocall Forest. The third Edition 
more exact and perfect than the former; with the 
addition of two other Tracts; viz. Parables reflect* 
ing upon the Times. And England^ s Tears for the 
present Warres. By J^ JET.* Esquire. Printed 
in the Year e 10^5. 

Some of the reflections in this little volume have 
(Considerable merit. ^^ For politicaU bo^^es, as well 
as natural], have their decrees of age, decliliings, 
and periods; which I cannot so properly teatm 
periods, as successions, or vicissitudes. Oommon^ 
weals have often turned to lihiifdomes, and i^alms 
havel)een eat out into republicks; the mine of one, 
being sttll the rajsing of the other.; as one foot can- 
hot be lifted up, till the other be down : witnesse 
those foure mighty monarchies, which werls aft 
spokes upon Fortune's nrheel, or as so many naflb 
driving out one another. And so is it also in na^ 
turall bodies; the corruption of dne, i^ sttH the 
generation of another : s6 that, it seems, Naturi^ 
liath her wheel also, as well as Forttine ; and the^ 
dianges and chances, fen^ to presei*ve the whote 
from decaying. So, that the opinion of that jMtia- 
niany since much enriched by a learned Druinianf 
is firre from deserving tobeex^dfledYolrapafadiyje, 
viz. that the universe doth not decay or ite^ifW 
all in the whole, but in its individudis an<l parts. 
For, as the preservation of tfce wolAd is a cdntimudD 
-production; so in thiis production, as 1 said before^ 

* viz. James Howell^ £sq. 



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the corraptkNi of one fireniiis tike generfttion of 
another : therefore to bear up the whcde^ if there be 
a deeaj in one place, it is recompensed in some 
other « so that one maj say Nature danceth in a 
circle, and by this circulation, preserves the visible 
world/' 

Art. DXLIX. Vox Barealis^ or the Northern 
Discaverie: by wajf of Dialogue between Jamie 
and Willie^ Amidst the Babylonians, printedy by 
Margery Mar^Prelaky in Thwackcoat-Lane at 
the signe of the Crab^tree Cudgell; without any 
priviledge of the Cater 'Caps , theyeare coming on^ 
1641. 4to. fourteen leaves. 

^^ The Epistle. Most land and cpnrteous conn- 
treymen, being at Berwicke, it was my chance to 
meet with two of my countrey-men there, the one of 
them being lately come frokn London, and the other 
had been in the Camp; where, after salutations past 
asioag us, they desired me to write down their 
jeverall collections of passages, which I confesseare 
not such as they would have been, if mischances had 
not haf^ned; lor it seqms the one was forced to 
barn his notes at liondon, and the others were 
«poyled with water at Berwick; and therefore thsy 
•re but fragments^ not whole relations, 8cc." 

^ Tlie Printer Jto the Beader," an address of thirty 
lines, begins 

** Mattin Mar-Prelat was a benny lad; 
His bfiBve adventures made the prelsts mad ; 
Though he he dead, yet he hathkft behind 
A geoeratioa of the Abrtia kind. 
sS 



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teu, there's a certain aged hoany latte. 
As well as be, that briogs exploits to passe ; 
Tell not the bishops, and you know bet nan[i,e, 
Margery Mar-Prelat, of renowned fame, Ac." 

Jamie, from London, having given a long account 
of foreign and domestic news, in which the bishops 
make considerable display, is interrupted by an ex* 
clamation of Willie' against ^^ those priests, let us 
heare somewhat els^ ' for therms no goodnesse in 
them." 

" Then (quoth Jamie) I will tell you something 
of poets and players^ and ye ken thej are merry 
fellows. 

" There was a poore man (and yelten povertie is 
the badge of poetry) who, to get a little money, 
made a song of all the capps in the kingdome, and 
at every verse end concludes thus, 

, ' Of all the Capps that ever I see. 
Either greater small. Blew Cappe for me.' 

But his mirth was quickly turned to mourning; 
fer he was clapt up in the Clinke for his boldnesse to 
meddle Mrith any such matters. One Parker, the 
prelat's poet, who made many base ballads against 
the Scots, gped but little better; for he, and his 
antipodes were like to have tasted of justice Long's 
liberaliti^, and hardly he escaped the powdering 
tub, which the vulgar people caUs a prison. But 
BOW he sweares he will never put pen to paper for 
the prelats againe, but betake bimseUe t^ his pitcht 
kanne, and tobacco-pipe; and learne to sell his 
frothie pots againe, and give. over poetrie. 

'^ But ile tell thee, I met with a good fellow of 



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thai quality, that gaye me a few fine vtrses, and 
when I haye dope, I will sing them. 

<^ In the meane titne let me tell ye a lamentable 
tragedie, acted by the prelacie, against tlie poore 
players of the Fortune play-house, which made them 
sing 

* Fortune my foe, why dost thou frown oo mt^&c' 

for they having gotten a new old play, called ^ The 
CardinalFs Conspiracie,' whom they brought upon 
the stage in as great state as they <^uld, with altars, 
images, crosses, crucifixes, and the like, to set forth 
his pomp and pride : But wofull was the sight to 
see how, in the middest of all their mirth, the pur- 
sevants <^me and seazed upon the poore cardinall 
and all his consorts, and carried them away. And 
when they were questioned for it, in the High Com- 
mission Court, they pleaded ignorance, and told the 
arbhbishop, that they tooke those examples of their 
altars, images, and the like, from heathen authors. 
This did somewhat asswage his anger, that they did 
not bring him on the stage ; but yet they were fined 
for it, and after a little imprisonment, gat their 
liberty. And having nothing left them but a few 
swords and bucklers, they fell to act * The Valiant 
Scot,'* which they played five doyes with great 
applause, which vext the bishops worse than the 
other; insomuch, as they were forbidden playing 
it any more : and some of them prohibited ever play* 
ing againe." 

♦ ''Thc-Valiant Scot, by J. W/Oent. tondon, printed by 
Thomas Harp'er for John Waterson, and are to be sold at his shop 
in PaaPs Church-Yard, attht sigpne of the Cr«wiu>' 16d7. 4to. 



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269 

<^ The few fine verses," above alldded to, senre 
to end this narrative. ^, So I will dnlrjr siiif my song, 
and conclude. 

' Sir John got' on a bonny browne beast 

To Scotland for to ride a, 
A brave bnffe coat upon bis back, . 

A short sword by bis side a* 
Alas, young man we Sucklinos can 

Pull down the Scottish pride a. 

He danc'd and pranc'd, and pranckt about/ 

Till people him espide a. 
With pyeball'd apparrell he did so quarreH, 

As none durst come him nye a ; 
But soft. Sir- John, ere you come hon^ 

You will not' look bo hi^ a* 

Both wife and maid, and widow prayd 

To the S<5oCs he would be kind a ; 
He storm'd the more, and deeply twore 

They shouM ao fo?our find a : 
Btit if you had been at Barwick and seen. 

He was in another ruffe a. 
His men and he, in their joUitie, 

Did drink, quarreU, and qimffo a, 
'Till away he Mrtnt, like' a Jack of Ltent: 

But it would have made you laugh a» 
How away they did creep, like so many sheep. 

And he like an Essex calfe a. 

When he came to the tamp, he was in a damp. 

To see the Scots in. sight a. 
And all his bnive troops, like so many, droops. 

To fight they had no heart a;> 

e *f He pranckt and dancM, abont he pranc'd,'' to make rhyme, 
t Read << lliey had no hMci ts fight a.^ 



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And wb«a the mllarme ctU'd all to anof. 
Sir John he weot to sh — te a. 

They prayd him to moont, and ryde io the fiont* 

To try his oourafe good a: 
He told- them, the Scots had dangerous plots« 

As he well understood a ; 
Which they denyed, but be replyed — 

•* It's sinae for to shed blood a." 

He did repent the aaoney he spent^ 

Got by unlawfull gaine a ; ' 
His curled locks could endure bo knocks^ 

Then let none goe againe a 
Such a carpet knight, as durdt not fight. 

For fe^r he should be shine a.' 

« Wdl (quoth Willie) as I remember th«r€ was 
some songs hare also at the camp of him. And 1 
will sing so much of it as I can, because I will be* 
gin as you have ended : but mine is a dinister verse 
then yours, for it hath two foot more, and it is to 
be sung to the lune of John Dorky as foUowetb : 

* Sir John got ob an amhlii^ iM^gge* 

To Scotland for to goe» 
With a hundred horse,, without remorse. 

To keep ye from the foe: 
No carpet kaight ever went to fight 

With half so much braveado ; [book. 

Had you seen but his look, you would sweare on a. 

Hee'd cpnquered the whole Armado/ 

'^ But the Tidour of the knight, and the veyn qf 
the poeti(7 are both of so course a thred, that I ha4 
rather tell you the rest in plain prose." 

The speaker further relates, ^' that there came 
divers carpet-knights to the cumpi onely for fiishiop 



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not for fighting, whose chiefest attendants are either 
poets or players ; at whose return you shall either 
have the second part of Hohia Moko, or els Polj/^ 
darnna acted, with a new addition ; but if it had once 
come to knocks, then you must have expected 'a 
tragedie instead of a commedie; as The Losse of a 
Loyall Subject; The ProdigaPs Repentance; The 
Suckling's Succour; The Last Lover; or some such 
pretty peece. 

^' That all the time the camp lay here, we had 
most lamentable wet wether, as if the heavens had 
mourned with continuall rayne, which our camp 
scarse call Scottish teares: but I am sure it made 
good the old saying, ^ A Scottish mist will wet an 
Englishman to the skinne :' and well it might be, 
for there was neither care taken for huts, nor tents ; 
but as soone as it was faire againe in the sun-shine, 
4hey went all in hunting the lousie We, wliere 
they made good that riddle whicll put Homer to ^ 
stand, ^ What they found, they left behind them ; 
and what they could not find, they tooke with them/ 
But having done execution upon those grudge 
pikes, at their returnes they would bragge how 
many covenanted enemies they had killed since they 
went out." — 

^^ It is thought this climate batlr^n extraordinary 
operation in altering of men's constitutions and con- 
ditions: for our gallants have both changed their 
voices and their words since they came from Lon- 
don; for there they used to speak as bigge as bul- 
beggers, that fight in b^es; and at every word 
sirra, rogue, ra^l, and the like ; but it is other- 
wayes now, for their words is as if they whispered, 

) 

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J65 

for feare the Scots should heare them; and their 
words are turned to honest' Jacke, courage soul- 
dfers, and the like; so if we had stayed but a little 
while longer, we should haye been all fellows at 
football. 

^ That a great many old souldters lived by their 
shifts, some counterfeited fortune-tellers, some 
juglers, and some morice-dancers; and indeed they 
sped best of all, for whilst the wives without con- 
veighs (which lay lurking about the house) would 
either g6t a duck or a henne, or othto perhaps a 
hmb or a pigge, and home ihey came to the camp 
ofleh times with half a dozen of women at their 
heels crying < Stoppe thee^ stoppe ;' but never ad 
honest man was in the way, and it is not the fashion for 
one thiefe to stay another : but when they came to 
their huts, then there was all the sport to see them 
quarrell for dividing of it, untill the marshall or 
provost came, who to stint the strive, kept it to 
himselfe, so often times he that fet it never eat it." 

A skirmish or two is described and the will of a 
dying soldier given, " but there was Hone to doe it 
but a poet, and he made it in verse," consisting of 
twenty-eight lines, in which he bequeaths his body 
in various portions, as 

" My leggs I leave to lame men, to assist them; 
If Scots come on, here's many that will misse them/' 

The dissolving the army is described; << where- 
upon order was given in theking^s camp, that every 
man should have a monethes pay, to carrie him 
home to hiscountrie; but the captaines and com- 
manders djd so shuffle and shirke the poore soul- 
diers, that some of them had nothing, and the most 

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bad but foure or fiv^ shillings z piece to travell 300 
miles ; jet to give th^ devill fai» due, thej did tbea 
a court courtesie in giving them a passe home to 
their countrej, , with a licence to beg by the wajs 
and a tiquet to all maiors, justices, constables, and 
the like, not to trouble the stocks, nor whipping 
posts with any such souldiers as came firom tiie 
king'^ camp.'' 

The loquacious oratpr next relates— ^^ As soon as 
Hh-^ armies were dissolved, and the king possessed of 
the castles of Edenburgb, Dumbarten, Sec. new 
cavells were raysed a^inst the covenanters, and it 
was reported, that upder the colour of a parle with 
the lords at Berwick, they should all have been de* 
tayned and sent prisoners to London ; but, as good 
was, they went not^ but exciised themselves to the 
king, because the appointed assemblies was then tp 
begin, which hath since quite abolished bishops. 

<^ The king seemed displeased, and thereupon 
placed generall Ruthwen governour of the castle of 
Edenburgh ; and now he having got that by a tricke, 
which they never could have gotten by strength, 
keeps a couple of fidse knaves, to laugh at the lords 
(a foole and a fidler).and when he and they are al- 
most drunke, then they go to singing of Scotch 
jigges, in a jearing manner, at the covenanters for 
surrendring up their castles. 

^ The fidier he flings out his heels, and dances and 

» 
*' Pot up thy dagger Jamie, 

And all things shajU be mended. 
Bishops shall fall; no not at all 

When the Parliament is ended/' 



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^ Tbea tbe foole he flirts out Ids foUjr, and whilst 
the fidler playes, be stngs, 

*' Which never was intended. 
Bat oaely iot to flam thee : 
.We btve ^tten the gane. 
Well keep the ssmep 
Put up thy digger, Jamie." 

'the work concludes with the following lines as a 
postscript. 

** Through fire and water we have past, 

To bring you northern news ; 
* And since as Scouts we travelled last. 
We now that name refuse. 

But if henceforth new hroyles appeare. 

And warre begin to rise, 
Castiliane like, weell cloth oure selves. 

And live like Spanish spyes." 

Frofft a part of the above extracts this satirical 
attac^k upon the times does not i^fipear to have beu 
hitherto known, if we except the Balkd upon €mr 
John Suckling. Of such ephemerical publications 
it is difficult to explain tbe several allusions to names 
and occurrences, after a lapse of above a century and 
an half. 

The balladof ^ Blew Cap" appears to have been 
a political one, and now lost; at least, I have not 
been able to trace it in the repositories of that 
period, or the modem collections.* Cater-caps are 

. « In <' The Mysteries of Love and Eloquence," 1685, if << The 
Song of the Caps,*' but of thirteen Terses there is little to incur the 
anger of the prelates. The following lines are the most personal.' 



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2B» . 

i!ientii)ned in the iHle ; and the author of the tract, 
speaking of continental circumstances, observes — 
<< They say at London that the cause of this com- 
bustion prqceedeth from a quarrell for superiority 
between black-capps and blew-'capps ; the one affirm- 
ing that cater-capps keeps square dealing, and the 
other tells them that eater-cape are like eater-pillars, 
which devoure all where they may be suffisrbd; 
and the round cappe tells the other, that their cappe 
is never out of order, turn it which way you will ; 
and they ^tand stiffly to it, that blew-capps are true 
capps, and better than black ones/' 

Of Parker and his Antipodes I have not been able 
to trace any thing explanatory. 

The <* Vox Borealis" could not be printed till 
after August 1641, that being the time when the 
army was disbanded ; but the incident of tbe players 
of the Fortune being committed, appears rather to 
have happened to -the company at the Cockpit in 
May of the year preceding; which is precisely 
stated in Sir Henry Herbert's MS. (See Reed's 

" The satin ami the velvet hive, 
tJnto a bishoprick doth drive : 
' Nay when a fill of caps y* ate seen in, 
The square cap this, and then a linen. 
This treblje may* [then] raiae aoiHehopiSy 
If fortune spiile, to be a pope. 
Thus any cap what e^re it be, 
Is still the sis*fi bf some degree." 

Eraos's Old Ballads, Vol. IV. p. 364, has •' Blevr cap for me i" 
but it turns on the preference of a Scotch lass to her countryman. 
If it was a Scotch song, it is not mentioned by Ritson in '' A list of 
Desiderata in Scotish Song," published in the Scot's Magazine, 
1S02 ; uor is it in his own collection of two vols. 1794« ^ 



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Sbaksp. Yol. III. p.1l9S.) The play of tbjB Gardi- 
nal^s Gonspiracj is a title unkoown. From the de- 
•criptioQ of a new old Plaj, perhaps it was ao altera- 
tion of either the first or second part of Cardinal 
Wolsej by Chettle, there not being any scene in 
Henry the Eighth for the introduction of altars, 
images, &c.^ Sir Henry Herbert does not mention 
die title ; he says ^' The play I cald for, and, for- 
biddinge the playing of it, keepe the booke; be- 
cause it had relation to the passages of the king's 
joupney into the northe, and was complaynd of by 
bis mi^tye to mee, withe commando to punisbe 
the offenders;." which seems conclusive, that the 
same circumstance is aUu.ded to in both places, and 
the. account of the allowance of plays continues to 
the commencement of the war in August 1648, 
without any similar incident happening. 

The ballad upon Sir John Suckling appears to be 
printed very incorrectly in many instances, and the 
first twenty-four lines sf em originally designed for 
quatrains. There must have been some other rea- 
son than ^^ the coarseness of the thread" for not 
r concluding the second ballad, as the same circum- 
stance is recorded in the first ; but the whole of the 
second may be found as ^^ Sir John Suckling's Cam- 
paigne,"t in Percy's Reliques (Vol. II, p. 326. 

♦ « The Cardinaly» by Shirley, was not licenwd till Not. 36> 1641. 

f I shall give the first and last stanzas of this ballad from a Col- 
lection of Songs, as they differ from the copy here referred to. 

** Then as it fell out on a holiday, 

'Twas on xa holiday tide-a. 
Sir John he got on his ambling nag, 

Tq ScotUad for to rid»>a; 



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S7d 

Edit. 1794,) where it is said ^ fliis bumorous Pasqtiil 
bas been generally supposed to have been written 
by Sir ^ohn, as a banter npon himself. Some of his 
cotemporaries, however, attributed it to Sit John 
Menniiy a wit of those times, among wfaese Poems 
it was printed" in 1656. The similarity of the two 
copies make them appear nearer than parodies, and 
-die coincidence of ideas and words is too general to 
be die offspring of accident. Had there not been 
the part given as second above, the other would 
only have appeared an altered copy of the one in 
Percy's Reliques ; as it is, the priority of Ae two is 
not distinguishable; that in Sir John Mennis^s 
Poems is more correctly giveny but the slovenly ap- 
pearance of the other might be the inattention of die 
pamphlet-writer or his printer. J. H. 



Art. DL. Articles of High . Treason exhibited 
against Cheapside Crosse with the last Will and 
Testament of the said Crosse. And certaine Epi* 
taphes upon her Tombe. Bj/ R. Overton. Newly 
printed, and newly come forth; with his HoUnesse 

With ftn luisdred or more of his owiiy k« iwore. 
To guard him on ev'ry sSde-4. 



To ease him of fear, he plac'd him in the rear^ 

:Atiiiiles baok half a score a $* 
Sir J ohn he did play at trip and awar. 

And ne'er saw the enemy more-a." 

* fhis line is preferable to the onein Dn* Percy's copy, as it pr«- 
f ents the recurrence of the same rhime. , There it standi ; 

** SoinetSQMi l iw 'hacj i i — d mw ft i 'a.'* 



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% prt$Ueilg€y to fretfeni filse Ccfm. lAmdon^ 
printed for R. Overton, 1642. 4^« four hmfes. 

This tract was pablished at a period when the 
press groaned with polemical controversy ; and 
dialogues, &c. between Cross and Cross^ served as a 
vehicle for scattering illiberal invective and rancid 
abuse. Overtoil berhjmed it, though little can be 
said m &vour of his Muse. Scarcity has attached a 
nominal value to his production, or it had long since 
b^n buried in that oblivion, to which it had so just a 
claim. At the back of the title is 

«< The Author to his Muse. 

** My Muse scarce hatch'd erects her spiring ey«. 

And through the aire sees flocks of Muses fl^ ; 

And wanting wings^ shee skipt into this paper^ 

And after flyes, puft up with windy v^per; 

But hasty Muse take this advice (I pray) 

In this thy flight keep in the middle way ; 

IPly not too high, %t feanre of scorching beanies ; • 

Nor yet too low^ for feare of watery streams ; 

Thy wings are paper, if thou dost aspire 

Sol's fiery throne, h^ll s^t thy wings on fire; ^ 

To trident Nepttine if thott dost desi^nd. 

He'll wet thy wings, and bring thee to thy end : 

Thus to the meane I leave Aee : let none be 

Offended at thy flight, nor yet at me. 

R-O.' 

Then follows ^* Articles of High Treason ejihi- 
bited against Cheape-side Crosse, Dialogue-wise, 
betwixt Master Papist, a profest Catholike, and 
Mastar Ntwes, a Temporiser.'* After forty-four 
Mftee^ in dfatogne, foHow <• the Articles," contain- 



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272 

ing Seven Items as accusation^ of which th^ lluA if 
sufficient specimen. 

^^ Item, that this vilanous piece of superstition, 
this pestiferous Romish relique, under pretence of 
frightning the di veil out of the market, hath brought 
the di veil or some familiar spirit of knaverj amongst 
them, to the cheating and undoing his Majestie'^s 
poore subjects, their wives and children." 

A speech of thirty-four lines by Newes, and then 
'^ the last will and testament of Cheap-side crosse,'' 
composed of eight items, inducted <^ In the name of 
the Virgin Mary, and of his Holinei&se, Amen. I 
the Crosse, in Cheapside, in London, profest Ca- 
tholike; being sore sick in body, but in perfect 
memorie, do make my last will and testament, in 
manner and forme as foUbweth." Three of the be* 
quests, are, 

<^ Item, I give and bequeath all the lead that is 
about me, to the hostile Catholikes in Ireland, to 
^nake bullets to confound that cursed crew of h«re* 
tickes." 

'^ Item, I bequeath the iron about me to make a 
clapper for his Holinesse passing-bell." 

^^ Item, the gilt that is about me, and such other 
sacred reliques as my executors shall think fit, to 
•be sold next' Lambeth Faire, for ihe discharge of 
my funeral." 

Their Graces of Canterbury and Yorke, are no- 
minated executors; and executed by ^^the Crosse 
her mark.'' 

" Tfais being done the Cros8« fet such a groane, 
Wpuld pierced an heart that had beene nuftte pf stone ; 



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Each Cardinall and picture that was there. 
To beare this sigh, gave up the ghost for feare. 
But the poore pilgrims crampit'd hy the back. 
Withstood the storme, till that the Crosse did crack : 
A second sigh the Crosse began to breath. 
But sighing breath'd her last, and took her leave. 
At which the Papist stood as one halfe dead. 
And swore by th* Masse he*d rather lost his head. 
But since it was to come to passe, he would 
See her with lionpur brought unto the mould. 
Which was performed in such a pompous glory. 
That I want art for to expresse the story ; 
One thing except, and that I will reherse 
Some Epitaphs which were pin'd to her Hearse." 

The epitaphs are two of six-lines, and one of four 
lines, then 

«' The Author to his Muse. 

'' Returne my Muse, perchance thou wast to blame, ^ 
• But if thou beest crave pardon for the siame ; 
Pardon shee craves for this presumptuous flight. 
If she offend, she'll vanish out of sight. 

Exit." 



Art. DLL Mistris Parliament presented in her 
bedj after the sore travaile and hard labour which 
she endured last weeke in the birth of her mon* 
strous Offsprings the Childe of Deformation. The 
. hopefull fruit of her seven yeers teeming^ and a 
• most precious Babe of Grace. With the severall 
Discourses between Mrs. Sedition^ Mts. Schisme^ 
Mrs. Synods herDrj/Nurise^Mrs.,Jealouis€, and 
others her Cfossips. 

VOUYU T 

A 



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** O sick I oh faint ! alas m^ sight doth faile^ 
My members tremble and my spirits quaile ; 
Oh what a chihiesse doth my heart oppresse. 
But what the cause of \ is, I know you'le guesse. 
Tis this most hedious birth doth me ama2e» . . 
And much torment me when on it I f^t : 
But more when as I thinke what men will conster. 
To see th' expected Babe of Grace prove monster.^ 

By Mercurius MelanchoHus. Printed in the yetr 
of the Smnt^s fear^ 1648, 4/a four leaves. ' 

. This tract is likewise in dialogue i^mong the 
characters named in the title^ together with King 
Charles, Mrs. Sa Yaodsei^t &c* ^^^ divided into 
two acts and three scenes. At the conclusion the 
Parliament vomits. 

" The Scrowle. 

•' From XU to VIU. have I (a brood 

Of vipers) England swatd : and (in an hood 

Of zeal close lurking and the publique weal) 

Bewitch'd the simple and their liearts did steal. 

But now by time unmask'd 'tis plainly seen, 

ForEnglaad's bloud and wealth my thirst hath been.^ 

There is afterwards the fiollowing distich. 

*' RotMce up y^nr valiant hearts, brave Englishmen/ 
And put in Charles his hand his swwrd again. 
God blesse and sav^ him. 

Finis/' J.H. 



Art. DLII. A lyiatogue between the Cross in 
Cheape andCfumng Crosse^ comforting efich other y 



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375 

as fearing ib^r fall in these uncertaine times. By, 
Rj/hen Pameach, [Henry Peach^m-— wood-cnt 
of tbe croMeOy with figures, &c.] Printed anno. 
1941. 4 Umes. 

The following is tbe history given by each Cross 
in the course of the dialogue, now perhaps the only 
interesting part of the pamphlet. 

<' Charing Cross. I am made all of white marble, 
(which is not perceived of every one) and so ce* 
mented with mortar made of the purest lime, callis 
sand, whites of eggs and the strongest wort, that \ 
defie all hatchets and hammers whatsoever. — In 
King Henry the eighth's daies 1 was begged, and 
should have been degraded for thi^t I had ; — ^then in 
Edward the sixt, when Summerset-house was build- 
ing, I was in danger; after that, in the reigne of 
Queene Elizabeth one of her footmen had like to 
have run away with me ; but the greatest danger of 
all I was in, when I quak'd for feare, was in the 
time of King James, for I was eight times begged : 
Part of me was bespoken to make a kitchin chimney 
for a chiefe constable in Shoreditch ; an Inne-keeper 
in Holborne had bargained for as much of me as 
would make two troughes, one to stand under a 
pumpe to water his guests' h(M*ses, and the other to 
give his swine their meate in ; the rest of niy popre 
carcase should have been carried I know not whi* 
ther to the repaire of a decayed stone bridge (as I 
was! told) on tbe top of Harrow-hill. Our ro^ all 
forefather and founder, King Edward the first you 
know, built our. sister crosses^ Linc^lne, Granthamej 
Wobume, Northampton, Stonie-Stratford, Dun- 
T g 



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276 

stable, Saint Albanes, and ourselves here in London^ 
in the Slst yeare of his Raigne, in the yeare 1289 in 
memory, &c." 

<< Ckeapside Cross. After thia nlost taliant and 
excellent king had built me in forme answerable in 
beauty and proportion to the rest, I fell to decay, at 
which time one John Hatherley, major of London, 
having first obtained a licence of King Henry the 
sixt, anno 1441, 1 was repaii^ in a beautiful jn^n- 
ner. John Fisher, a mercer, after that gave 600 
markes to my new erecting or building, which was 
finished anno 1484, and after in the second yeare of 
Henry the eighth I was. gilded over against the 
comming in of Charles the fift Emperor, and newly 
then gilded against the coronation of King Edward 
the sixt, and gilded againe anno 1554, against the 
corronation of King Philip. Lord, how often have 
I been presented by Juries of the quest for incoro- 
brance of the street, and hindring of carts and 
carriages, yet I have kept my standing ; I shall n^ver 
forget how upon the 21st of June, anno 1581, my 
lower statues were in the night with ropes, pulled 
and rent down, as the resurrection of Christ, the 
image of the Virgin Mary, Edward (he Confessor, 
and the rest. Then arose many divisions and new 
sects formerly unheard bi^ as Martin Marprelatej, 
alias Penrie, Browne, and sundrie others, as the 
chronicle will inform you. My Crosse should have 
been taken quite away, and a Piramis erected in 
the place, but Queene Elizabeth (that queen of 
blessed memory) commanded some of her privie^ 
councell in her Majesties name, to wrife unto Sii* 
Nicholas Moseley, then maior, to have me again 



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»77 

repaired with a crosse ; yet for all Uiis I stood bare 
for a jeare or two after : Her Highneis being very 
angiy, sent expresae word she would not endure 
their contempt, but expreetly eomnfianded forthwith 
the cross shoidd be set up, and sent a strict cooo* 
mand to Sir Willttim Rider, Lord Maior, and bade 
him to respect mj antiquitj ; for that is the ancient 
ensigne of Christianity, &c. This letter was dated 
December 84, anno 1600. Last of all I was 
mar?ellonsljr beautified and adorned against the 
comming in of King James, and fenced about with 
sharp pointed barres of iron, against the rude and 
villainous hands of such as upon condition, as they 
might have the pulling m^ downe^ would be bound 
to rifle all Cheapside/' 



Akt. DLIII. A Modell of troths or a discorcery of 
certain reall passages of this Pnrliament. Printed 
in the Yeare 164S*, qto 4 leaves. 

Prefixed is ^' a coppy of a letter sent from 
London to one Mr. N. C. living in Gloucester,'* 
in answer to a desire of knowing the occurrences 
of the great throng swarmed together, *^ commonly 
called the High court of Parliament ; but things of 
this sort are of such a spreading nature, that what 
is newes when I write it, may grow old ere ypu 
have read it»'' Not fearing :tp oflfead ^' with a 
Crfunbe^'' and lieiog easier pvt to tuae, the writer 
^^ thought fit to deliver in that babilimeAt of a- 
Madrigiall.'' The Poem is in nine stanzas, from 
which are selected the fourth and fifth. 



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278 

Tbey would not have the Kiagdome fall 
' By a^ ignoble fbneMAIf 
' But |Ho«3l J ppefeire the Nlition 

To m lenowaed Deeoilatioii. 
The feet attd lower partS'^is sed. 
Would tramplo onload off tlii bead: 
What e're tbey say tbi$ 19 tbetfaing ; 
They loite the Charles, bat batetfaeKiag. 
To make fin eT^ Groove, qiie stf 6ake 
. Stiould lift the Shrub unto, the Oake. 
, : .A new foun4 musicke, they would n^ake . 
A Gamut, but no £la take. 

This is the pious good intent 
Of Priviledge of Parliament. 

Ib all humility they crave 
Their Soveraigne to be their slave; 
Desiring him that he would be 
Betrayed to them most Loyally : 
For it were meeknesse sore in him 
To b^ a Yayvod ipto Pym: 
And if he would a while Jay downe , 

His scepter. Majesty, and Crowne, 
:}i^ should be made for time to come ' 
The greatest prince in ChristendoiQe, 
Charles at this time not having peed» 
. Thank'd them as much as if he did. 

This is the happy wisbt event 

Of Priviledge of Parliament." . 

^' A portion of this last stanza the readeir will find 
kiserted in most old Collections of Poeti^ a^tke 
Inimbie petition of the House of CominonSy Wiib 
file King'fi answer. 



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379 

Ai.T. DLIV. Rowohs and Tarqmn. WriHen in 
Italian hy the jUarquef Virgilio Mahexti. And 
now taught English hy Henry Eark of Man* 
mouth. The Third Edition, Londmiy printed for 
Humphrey Mosehyj and are to be. sold at hit 
shop at the Prince's Armes in St. PauPg Church* 
yard 1648. 

Thjb noble' translator of thi^ work is'IIenrt 
Cakby^sbgondEarl of MoNMotTTH,whowasbom 
in fiuddnghamshire in 1596 ; at fifteen became a Fel- ' 
low»*Coinm*oner of Exeter tolleg^, Oxford, and in ' 
1619 took his degree of Bachelor of Arts. Daring 
tbe . rebellion he was compelled to retire ; wlien en* * 
tirdy devoting hhnself io his studies, he fbund that 
consolatioa in the fruits he gathered fh>m them, 
which was denied to manj of the nobility in the same * 
unfinrtttnate siroation. It wks at this period the* 
world became inddMed to him fbr his literary pro- * 
doctions. He dted Jund 13, 1661. * 

** There are," says Lord Orfbrd, " no less than 
seven firiios, two octa?os, and a duodecimo, of his ^ 
lordshipV^ extant.^' '/ 

Romulus and Tarquin contains fffS pages, be- ^ 
sides the author^s prefhce^ and six commendatory ^ 
verses to die translator, with his dedication ^'to the ' 
most'saered Majesty of Charles the First, Monarch 
of Great Britaine, France and Ireland, Sec.** and an 
address ^^ to the- ihvourable Reader," which consist^ 
of fourteen morei > The verses are by John Suckling, 
Kiiight; Tlv). Garew; W; Davenant, Knight; A '• 
Toimihend; Tbo. Woi^ley; and Robert Stapyltony ' 
Knight. ' 

* See Memoirs of K. James's Peers, p. 435. Editor. 



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$80 

The author of this production has doubtless ob»* 
tained the highesit justice^ as the languagfe of the 
translation is pleasing^ and the style unaffected. A 
short extract from the introduction shall suffice. 

^' To write of modern men is a troublesome 
businesse; all men commit errors; few, having 
committed them will heare thereof; one must or 
flatter them, or say nothing ; to comment tipon their 
actions, is to endeavour to teach more by a man's 
owne example, than by that of others ; more to him 
that writes, than to him that reades; more tabe 
silent, than to bee active. The actions of princes 
have every other appearance, than tltat of truth ; to 
relate them as they appeu-e partakes of the epiqne 
straine^.as they are, of the satyricall. Flatterm 
have yet moreover so exacted their good deeds, that 
. the nakjsd truth redounds to the UaApe of the re- 
latio": for the truth of that praise which is beards 
comes short of that which js beleeved; and sdme 
there are who arrive at that height, ^ they leave no 
place, for flattery, &n<^ng themselves greater than 
flattery can make them. Preseat actions iire not 
with safety related, nor are they listened unto with* 
out danger : well may they be reverenced, never 
censured : who puts them in print seeks after aa 
uncertain glory, exposes himself to a certain danger ; 
wfap leaves it to be done by posterity, reaps no other 
fruit of his present labours, than a meer contempla- 
tion of a future imaginary fruitlet^ glory. 

^^ I will avoid the treading of so steepe and 

intricate a path. I will write of times past to the 
time preseat. The defects of the smine, whicih are 
with safety pointed at, reflected in the waters, are 



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281 

not without danger of the ejes seene in a direct 
line. 

<^ Romulus his valour, Numa's pity, TuHus 

his fiercenesse, Anchus his goodnesse, the vigilancie 
of Lucumus, fortune of Servius, and impiety of 
Tarquin, shall be my subject." 

The first edition of this very scarce work is printed 
at London, 1637, ISmo. with this difference from 
the third, in the title, ^* Romulus and Tarquin ; or, 
De Principe et Tyrano." 

" Lord Orford informs us that there is a very good 
head of the Earl of Monmouth, by Faithorne, pre- 
fixed to his translation of Sennault's Use -of the 
Passions, London, 1649. ♦ 

January 28. P. B. 



Art. DLV. The Use of Passions. Written » 
French bj/J. F. SenauU,- and put into English by 
Henri/ Earl of Monmouth^ An. Dom. 1649. 
London^ Printed for J. L. and Humphrey Mosefyy 
at the Prince's Arms in St. PauPs Church Yard^ 
1649. pp. 510, besides the author's dedication^ tmth 
the translator's preface and table of contents. 

Prefixed is an engraved title by W. M.+ re- 
presenting Reason directed- by Divine Grace, re*- 
straining with a chain Sorrow, Choler, Joy, Fear, 
Despair, Hope, Boldness, Eschewing, Hatred, Love, 
and Desire : underneath are the following ines ; 

" Passions araign'd by Reason here you see. 
As sbee's advis'd therein by Grace Divine : 

♦ See ihe next article f William Marshall. . 



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But this (youll say '») but in Effigie ! 
Peruse this Booke, and you in ev'ry line 
Thereof will finde this truth so proved, that you 
Must RSeason contradict, or grant it True." 

It should also possess a bust of the Earl by 
Faithorne,* which my copy wants, and which is so 
scarce I have jjever been able to procure it. I have 
seen a very inferior impression prefixed to an 
edition of tlie book in 1671 ; the date evidently 
altered in Marshall's title, which appears to have 
been retouched. This edition is by no means so 
rare or so correct as the original. 

The author's dedication is to our Saviour Jesus 
Christ, and as we are told by the translator, in his 
preface, he had at one time an idea of dedicating 
<^'this my product of some leasure-hours to an 
Ma^tly accomplished Lady of Honor ; but con- 
sidering that my autlior hath chosen our Saviour 
Jesus Christ for his Patron, I thought I should go 
lesSj should I chuse any other for my Patroness then 
the King's diaoght^, his Spouse, -the Church.*' 
^^The AVork consists of two parts, the first con- 
taining five, treatises " Of Fashions in General. 
L Of the Nature of Passions. 2. Of the Disorder 
of Passions. 3. Of the Government of Passiotos. 
4. Of the Commerce of Passions, with Yertue and 
Vice. 5. Of the power that Passions have upon the 
Will of Man*" The second part contains six, " Of 

* Query ? Granger says, by Jkfcrshallf and adds there iB apother 
head of him before his- translation of the Wars of Flanders, 1654, 
fol. There is another print by Fhitkorne of this Earl before his 
** Translation of BoccaJini's Advertisements froio The.PamaSSus," 
1 656, fol. This last the Editor possesses. Editotg 



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P&Bsions in Particular. 1. Of Love and Hf^red. 
2. Of Desire and Eschewing, 3L Of Hope and 
Despair. 4. Of Audacity and Fear. 5. Of Ckoler 
and Anger. 6. Of Delight and Sorrow." 

As, firom the great length of all the above trea- 
tisesi) it is impossible to give a sufficiently connected 
eictract^ I shall conclude with a specimen of. the 
noble Earl's poetical talents in the following lines. 

<< the TrMstaiwr upon the Book. 

I. 
If to command and rule o*er others be 

The thing desir'd above all worldly pelf. 
How great a Prince how great a Monarch's he. 
Who govern can, who can command himself? 
if you unto so great a Pow'r aspire. 
This Book will teach how you may it acquire; 

Love tum*d to sacred Friendship here you'll find. 

And Hatred into a ju^t Indiguation : * / 
Desires (when moderated and not blind) 
To have to all the Vh^ues near relation : 
Flight or Eschewing, you will find to be 
The chiefest Friend tospotteit Chastity, 

III* 

Youll find how Hope incites to noble acts ; 

And how Despair diverts rash enterprises ; 
How Fear from Wisdom nought at all detracts ; 
But is of use to her through just Surmises : 
How Boldness may in hand with Valour ride. 
How hair^brain'd Choler may with Justice side. 

nil. 
How harmless Joy we may fore-runner mak<^ 
Of that Eternal never-ending bliss. 



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Whereof the Saints in Heaven do partake^ 
And how orut earthly sorrow nothing is. 

But a sharp corrosive, which, handled well; 

Will prove aii antidote to th' pains in Hell. 
Thus Rebels unto Loyalty are brought, • 
And Traytors true Allegiance are taught. P. B. 



Art. DLVI. A New Wind-mil, a new. At Ox- 
, ford printed hy Leonard Lichfield. 1643. ^to. 
four leaves* 

This pasquil is addressed '^ To my dearly be- 
loved brother Mr. Jopadas Trasb> at his hovise in 
Soper-lane at the sigJiie of the Shuttle. Forasmuch 
as I see every well-minded man hath a fling at an 
happy alteration, virhy should we only sit still, when 
there is so much work'e to do? For my part I love 
changes as VKell as another, and have, as I suppose, 
found out a project very considerable, which I have 
thought fit to impart to you.*' 

This project arisea from windmills being made 
like a cross; and from the I]^Anishment of the cross 
out of churches and markets, it is no marvel that 
the corn ground by so idolatrous an engine turn to 
no better nourishment, and serve only to feed wicked 
humours, "Why may not there be a device of a 
round wind mill firee from oflFence, and. more eflTec- 
tual ? The forme whereof I here present unto you." 
The description follows with the minuteness of 'an 
artizan. " It is ww,* and that I suppose is.no small 
praise ; away with the rotten fashions of our doting 
ancestors, give us all profitable novelties ; I wonder 
ai the folly of those men which think any tbbig the 



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better for age : we cast away cloAths because they 
are old ; liquors that are too stale we ^islike ; tim- 
ber that is worm eaten is rejected ; and who cares 
for mouldy and musty provisioni^? Yet rites and 
jceremonie^ are^ hy foolish fiieb/ entertained and 
magnified because tli^ are awcient. 'Should a man 
come forth dlothed in the* habit of his great grand- 
sire^ how should he be followed by all the boys in 
the street not without hooting and derision, whereas 
he that walks in the common garb of the last fhshion 
is not noted ; and why should not we go beyond 
our forefathers for wit, since we have both the help 
oftiteirsand more pregnant of our own?— — The 
fashion of this our Windmill is far more excellent 
than the other, for the round figure is, by all con- 
fession most perfect ; the heaven is round, the earth 
is round, and if these* very square sailed did not 
move round they could do nothing; and if th^ be 
therefore esteemed because they go round, why 
should they not be so much more approved because 
they are round ?*' The vein of dry sardastic- ridicule 
that runs through this little performance bespes^LS it 
to have come firom the pen of aii able writer t it is 
dated from Boston, Jan. 8, 1648, and subscribed 
<^ Your alike-minded brother, Abednego Canne." 

J. 11. 



Art. DLVIL Pauts Church-yard. Idbri. 2 hep* 
logiciy Politiciy Historici, Nundinis Paulims (t^ 
cum Templo) prostant venales. Jtixta seriem 
^Iphabeti Democratidt Done into English^ fax 
the dss^fy of Divines: 4fc># in 9Ppr$s. <?wt 



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tUria Prinutf 8 pages y and Centuria Secunda^ 9 
pages. No date or printer* s name. 

THis.sGvee pampUet ig the vehide of catting 
satire ag^st the RefHiblicans durii^ Olivers Pro^ 
tectorate, and contatss many excellent khs in the 
ferm of title-p«g9% of whicli a few maj saffice as a 
specimen. 

7. '' A Catalogue of the Nobility of England and 
Ireland, from his Excellency the Lord G^nendl 
Cromwell, and; the Lord Deputy Ireton, to the 
sever^U Peers and Trades of each Regiment." 

SI. <^ Aja Act for turning all Lawes into English, 
widi a d^ort Abridgement for such new Lawyers as 
cannot write and rei^d.'' 

48. ^' A Confutation of Geographers, who said 
we of this Island were Antipodes to none, though 
we lrea4. contrary to aU the world." 

109, <<BeUuffl6rammaticale. That Parliament- 
dome, Counceldome, Committee dome, or Sw^rd* 
dom#» are better words than Cbristendome or 
Kiogdome." 

121« ^^ An Act for isonstituting six new Heraulds, 
in regard the oldon^s cannot blazon- the Armes of 
divers new .honourable Officers of State.'' 

150. « The Archbishop of Canterbury's Triall, 
writt by William Prynp, declaring all the Arch# 
bishop spake or did before he was borne, and since 
his BuriaU; being the 9th Tome of Masl^ Prynn's 
Works.** 
^ Birmingham. William Ham psb« 

A«T. DLVllt ^ Bibliotheca Militum : or the Soul" 
dier's Puhlick Ubrary. Lateljf erected for the 

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Benefit rf all thaf Uroe tlie Good Old Cause, at 
Wallingford Houscj and alreadj/ furnished with 
dherse excellent Treatises herein mentioned. . Lou" 
don: Printed in the year IfiSflj 4/a. 6 pages. 

This pamphlet bears a similar complexion with 
the last, and, like it, may be dismissed with a few 
extracts; 

8. " Patience per force : or a medicine for a mad 
dog; treating of the infallible yirtiie of necessity: 
by the aforesaid author* (Richd. Cromwell, Esq.) 

IS. ^« Hey-te-Tyte, or to morrow morning I 
tonnd an Horse-shoe ; beirtg an excellent discourse 
concerning Government, with some sober and prac- 
tical expedients, modestly proposed and written by 
James Harrington/' » 

Birmingham. William Hampbr. 



Art. DLIX. Bibliotlieca Parliamenti ; libri Theo-* 
logici, Politici^ IJhtorkiy Qui prostant ven^ks i^t 
VicovulgovocatoLUlle' Britain. Glassis secunda. 
Done into English for the Js^e^nbljf of Dimness, 
Anno Domini 1653. pp.' 12, 8^p. 

This was a bold and pertinent attack on the 
hypocritical leaders daring the time of the common^ 
wealth. The works assigned ai^ founded to the 
leading features of edch distingitished character, 
with an inventive appropriation of donsidferable 
humour to amuse the secret Royalists. It i^ in three 
divinons of silty-two articles, and commencfes with 
" Bookes to be sold in Little Brittaine. 

^M. Ex otio negotium, the arte of picking of 



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straws IB this g^nd vacation, by the Hie meaibers 
of the late Parliament. 

3. Cervisia Goccina, the art of turning leather 
into scarlet, by CoL Thomas Pride. 

8. Nova Virga, a new art of measuring doth by 
the sword^ by Hugh Peters. 

11. Pseudo propheta, or the pittifull Parliamenti 
by Geo. Withers, the pjttifull Poet. 

14. Chiromantia, the baudy language of the hand 
and fingers, invented and found out by Sir Harry 
Mildmay, whilst he was pimp to the Duke of Buck- 
ingham, and now lately reprinted at the desire^ and 
for the use, of Mrs. Lambert. 

18. Icon Animaram, or the jumping of wits, in 
the production of John Taylor the Water-poet's 
Nonsenee upon Sense^ antf the late Parliament a act 
of Indemnity both on a day. 

20. The Rebellion, a tragedy, lately acted at 
Whitehall, by the refeels of this age, to be sold at 
ihe Bible and States Arms in Little Brittain. 

29. Hoylii Posthiima, a new way to cozen the 
Devil, a piece of much worth, written wholly for 
the benefit of the Parliament and the Army, by 
Alderman Hoyl, deceased. - 

. 40. The^artificialehangeling,atract,,provingour 
army good arithmeticians, since they can d6 any 
additional sum ameuntidg to 190,000L and Upwards;, 
but t^e peoples grievances are set forth in ihe ewA 
because the sQuldiery. aire so well skilled in miilti- 
plicatimi and adiUtion, bat know not hotwto aab- 

stract." 

*^ Acts and Orders. 

« I. A Declaration and Order of the Generall and 



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his Councell of Officers, for the speedy rayding of 
1S0,0001: a month, for the ease of the people. 

15. An ait for the speedy suppresBing all plays, 
the fools being all turned Commanddrs or Parlia* 
aient men. 

16* An act for the regulating of names, that the 
Well-afiected may i|ot be abused by nick names, but 
that every syllable have its f^ll pronounciation, as, 
Greneral Monke must hereafter be called Qenerall 
Monkey. 

17. Ordered tfiat John Goodwin and Martin 

ft 

Parker consult about forming some new Hymns, to 
be sung for the edification of the saints, and that 
Sternhold and Hopkins be no more used, it having 
been proved that they Were popishly affected. 

13. An act forbidding any one to stamp the Lord 
General's image in ginger-bread, lest the valour of 
H should bite the children by the tongues." 

^^ Cases of Conscience.' 

" 1. Whether Balaam's beating hisowne ass were 
a sufficient warrant for the footman's cudgelling Sir 
Harry Mildmay. 

14. Whether it was not policy in Cromwel in 
pardonin the prisoners in Newgate, most of them 
beiqg \As own souldiers. 

lb. Whether when Harty Martin* moved the 
bouse to take down bells, it were not that he would 
beg the ropes to make him bands of, they so we4 
become him. 

21. Whether Cromwel be not an absolute hater 
of images, since &e hath deikced God's in bis own 
countenance." 

VOL. VI. u 



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Akt. DLX. • Two Centuries of Paid^s CkUftlh 
Yard:, Una tuin Indice expurgatorio in BibUo* 
thecaffi Parliameniij sive Ijibrorum, qui proitant 
vencdes in idco vttlgo vocato Little Brittoin. Dat§6 
into English for the benefit of iheassemkfy of 
diiAnes^ and the two Universities. For the date and 
Printer's name^ are substituted 4he amis of Oaford 
dnd Cambridge, l^mo. 

This is the title to a second edition of the satirical 
tract noticed at p. S85. Its reputed author was that 
eminent wit and loyalist, Sir John Birkenhead* 
Pateraon, the bibliographer, truly observed, thai 
<^ the spirited humour of this little book Was ad* 
mirable, and worthy the pen pf a Butler.^^^ Much 
use of it. will be found to have been made by 0r. 
Grey, in bis illustrative notes on JFIudibras. To 
this second edition was added ^' Bibliotheca JE^arlia- 
menti,". which contains the following among pnany 
other " palpable hits." 
« 3. Laus Pediculi. A short-legg.'d treatise 
. wherein is held forth this truth — ^thatbe- 
cause the six-footed creature walks gravely 
and feeds majestically on our heads, there- 
fore we may trample on the crown. By 
five memibers and Kimbolton. 
4. Experientia docet. ^ A tract proving that there 
is an hell, contraiy to the present sense of 
the House. By , a member thereof, lately 
deceased. 
7. Theopoeia. A discourse shewing to us mortals^ 
that Cromwell may be Beckoned anioigst 

* BibL Weitiana, p» 205b 



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the Qodfi siaoe he b«ih put off all hu- 
manity. 

9. The art of hearing without ears. ,By Will. 
Prinn. 

fl7. Cornucopia. The Works of iSie late Earle 
of Essex; conprized in one large horn-hook; 
set forth by the assembly of divines, and 
ordered to be used instead 'of that old 
almanack, the Directory. 

9&. Qiiicquid libet, licet A tract proving that a 
man may hang himself at what time soever 
his stomach shall serve him: provided al- 
wayeSi that tt be a parliamentary way. By 
Alderman Hoyie; dedii^ted to my good 
Lord Bradehaw, who hath now little else 
to do." 

^^ Actsf^and Orders. 

6. An act for reforming divers texts of Scripture, 

as beitig of dangerous consequence, and 
contrary to the very Jbeing of this present 
State ; beginning at Romans xiii. where it 
is said " Let every soul be sufc^ct to the 
higher powers : which are thus to be re- 
formed, * Ijet every sou! be subject to the 
hmef house^* 

7. Ordered, that malefiM^tors coademned todi^ 

be hangied in wt/ths ; because the States 
want ropes thetnselveft. 
9. Ordered that the books ot Kings, in the Bible, 
be hereafter called < The Bookes of the 
PdrJkment t a^ the Chronicles ako (being 
a word too hard for vulgar capacities), be 
tj!8 



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298 

for iitfi tkne to come, called by tbe moiw 
femiliar title of Diurnalls. • 

" Cctses of Conscience. 

1. Whether it be probable that ever any man will 

be so purblind as to take Sir Wm. Davenant 

for the Lord General Cromwell. ^ 
3. Whether Colonel Pride be not as humble as 

. his very name. 
6. Whether the drunkennesse of this land hath 

not caused heaven to &%i a Brewer over 

us? 
ۥ Whether we be not turn^ Papists, since all 

our devotipn consists in praying/to saints; 

as St. Oliver,- St. Hugh, St. Pride, adjuva 

nos? 
16. Whether opera tenebrarum be not true Latin 

for our late acts of p&rliament ? 
22. Whether maUtSy pejor, pessimusy be not Latin 

for Lambert, -Harrison, Cromwell ? 
35. Whether a parliament-man should not take 

the upper hand of the devil, when they sit 

next in councell; since he hath learned as 

much deceit? 
Finis Bibliothecs, et (pro dolor!) Parliamenti.'' 

The following imitative skits may. be cited as 
auxiliaries in the same loyal cause. 

Fanatique Queries^ proposed to present assertors pf 
the good ofd Came, Sfc. London, ^to. no date. 

2. Whether Haslerig, or the devil, more in- 
veterately.hate Charles Stuart? since the 

. * The coutrast of noses between the ^oet and the Protector, maf 
constitute the tolution*of this query } 



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one hath got a great part of his lands, and 

the other is in possession of^ many of his 

rebellious subjects. 
18. Whether Sir Henry Vain ought not to be 

transposed Vain Sir Henry. 
ih Whether the saints of our times do *not, in 

their practice, pervert the order of that text 

of St. Paul, " Godliness is great gain," into 

^* Gain is great godliness ?" 

Forty-four Queries to the life of Queen Dick. [t. e. 
Richard CromweW] 1659. 4to. 

3. Whether White-hall ought not. to be called the 
Fleet, because R. C. is in there for debt ? 

7. Whether it would not tend more to the purify* 
ing of Richard's blood to be in the country 
at this time o* the year than in the city ? — 
Quid dixit to the pdrifying of his blood: 
we are all sensible he wants blood. 

34. Whether Mr. Thurlow is not the proudest 
man in the nation, because he could not be 
satisfied till be bad the protector for his 
coachman ? ♦ 

Eighteen new Court-Queriesy humbly offered^ SfC. 
1659. 4to. • 

1. Whether the Lord Protector's '[Richd. Crom- 
well] patience in letting go his hold so 
calmly and tamely, were in him a virtue or 
not; and if it were a virtue, whether ne- 
cessity did not make it so ? 

♦ Thii alludes to CromwelPs driving Thurlow in Hyd« Park, and 
oTertumedthe oarriage. 



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L WheUier tie army ought not to hare given 
to tketn MW red coats and black buttons^ 
to mqurn for the depeafure of this Protector, 
as well as they had for the decease of the 
old one ? 
- )5« Whether Wkkdieli be pdt now a plabe 
eottraodkiiM to make a play^-iMNise of? 
having been aconstomed' for these many 
yeares to such alteration of scenes, and ^he 
pensioners; &c. well accomplisht to turn 
stage-players. First, because it is conceived 
they have now little else to do. Secondly, 
beaiase*they bav^ been bred up upon that 
«tage, and can act any part : and thirdly, 
be^iffie Ui^y never wear dokthes longer 
than the play aoHtiaues* 

Yfur SerBont, Gentlemen; or what think you of a 
Query or two more f London. 1639. 4to. 

Whether Mr. WaUw oaght not to write a. 
panegyric in praise of the Comnionwealth, 
ag well as of the protestor, finr they sav'd 
his life ? 
Whether the mighty men at Westminster ought 
not to have re-baptized their assembly I ho 
man as yet knowing what name to give it? 
. Whether the commonwealth's men have any otl^r 
mark of Cbristiani^, than the prosecuti9n 
of their interest which is — " to make their 
caUing and election sure ?•" 
^^ Select Citie Queries in tW0 parts. By Mercurius 
Phiklethes. 1660. ito. 

Whether thie booksellers would not 4e t^ett^r in 



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ihfi Qerbadoas, than thfij fi9 th? comniQii. 

wealth q( gogUndi by seljiog of paqipj^lets ^ 

find if so, whether th? tjraijie would ppt be 

mueh Jitter? 
Whether Fi^ri-fecias, the npbokterer in Cornhill, 

loyes Sack, Su. Xiamiog, 9V the subject^' 

liberty better ? 
Whetl^ B. C. is not ft wi3e cbilde to Vnqyr thfit 

Sir Anthony Weldon (Aylicud Coqjiiinarie) 

waa her father, and not the batcher^ her 
' mother's husband ; and whether her sister 

Nell Miaddocks is not a d|iipx>f the butcher's 

bl^, paving that bpied ip Jiier bone^^ wbi<^ 

wiU ^t 9Vt qf ^ flashr' 



Art. DLXI. Gu%num Hinic and Jlomnqm oui^ 
stripty being a Discovery of the zohole arty mister j/j 
and antiquity ef Theeves and theevingy mth their 
statutes^ lawesy customs^ and practices ;' together 
with many new and unheard ojf cheats and tre^ 
panning^ London : Printed and are to be sold in 
PauFs Churchyard. 1657/ Small Duod. 

TO THE EPITOR OF CpNSTJBA LITERABIA* 

Sifty 

b this book has not alre^^ ocoiur^d to you, I 
point it ^pt only on acconnt pf th^ sen^e of one 
WfNrd iait, namely, tye^ which willh^Jp tp ^scc^* 
lain the meanings of Shakspeare, when he d/qscribes 
thecharacjter of WoUey in Heqiy Vlll. At p* 128, 
\t B^jfh ^' Ot^ ^heev^ lying /somewhat out of the 



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way faigne a lamentable and pitifull voyce, with 
which they tye the passenger to stay, "and to goe see 
what it is, and while he that makes this moane 
deceitfiiUy dedareth his griefe, the«ambush leapeth 
out that strippeth him to his shirt." Again, at p. 193, 
^^ a porter^s love shall mot in any case tt/e theprin- 
cesse^s will, seeing that in love is fbund the good, 
the profit, and pleasure, which are the hookes with 
which the will is taken." Here tye pldnly means, 
inticethy inclines^ or draws a person to stay or to love^ 
and this accompanied with deceit. The same sense 
occurs in someMines, which you quote in a former 
Volume of the Censor a, relative to the 'poem by 
Shakspeare of Venus and Adonis, and printed in 
1611. 

. *^ Making lewd Venus with eternal lines * 

To tie Adonis to her love's designes.'^ 

Now, in feet, this was one of the original senses 
of the Saxon word, from which tye is derived ; for 
this was not Tigh from Tian to tye in the sense of to 
bind^ but from ^eogan^ to draw or toiead. When 
the word is applied to drawing materiaf objects,* we . 
have derived from it our words to tug or tow; but 
when it was applied to influence employed in draw- 
ing the mind to any objects, our ancestors formed it 
into tye^ yet the Saxons used the same word in 
both cases ; of which Mr. Manning gives this ex- 
ample in his Saxon' dictionary' "Nature draws 
(tihth) you io intellectual good, but error drew 
(teohth) you from it." Boet. Now, from the ex- 
amples produced above, it appears that the word 
was not become quite obsolete within a few yeara 
after the death of Shakspeare; for the imprimatur at 

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the end of the above book is dated in 1697, so that 
this was not the first edition. This sense then of iyt 
«eems obviouslj to -ascertain its meaning* in thesb 
lines of Shakspeare concerning Woisey : 

*' He was a man 
Of an nnbohnded stomach, ever ranking 
Himself With princes ; one who by suggestion 
Th^d all the khigdom/' 

Mr. Farinef, in bis ^^ Essay on the .Learning of 
Shakspeare,** has produced the passage of Holling- 
shed, whiehce this character was copied by Shak- 
speare. /^ This Cai^dinal was of a great stomachy 
for he compted Ipmself equal with princes, and by 
craftie sogges^on got into his hands innumerable 
treasure.^' As Shakspeare expressed the first mem* 
ber of this sentence by ranking himself with princes, 
80 he equally expressed the subsequent part of it by 
" who by suggestion craftily drew to himself all the 
wealth of the kingdom;" this is the literal meaning 
odj/ed^ and this is the. very sens^ of Hollingshed in 
other words. One cannot then but be surprised 
that such a man as Mr. Farmer should suppose ti/ed 
to be an error in the old edition for tj/thed^ agreeably 
to a conjecture of Sir Thomas Hanroer : but one is 
still more surprised that he should deduce this sense 
from the above quotation out of Hollingshed, in 
which, any more than in the sequel to it, there is 
npt the least allusion to ti/thing, and only'to simony 
and evil example. He adds, indeed, another quo- 
tation from Fiddes in his first edition, p. 28, ^^ that 
the Cardinal got a bull for siHppressing certain 
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Pope." But what feuD^Mion. ooi eidier ^ th^sf 
qiiDtatioDS afford for the txmclqsioa which he immBr 
diately draws froai them in forour of i^hed? ^^ J?et9 
haps after these quotations you may not think th^t 
Hanmer^s conjecti^e, who reads tythed instead of 
tyed^ deserves quite so much df On Wart>qrton'8 
severityr" For the above two quotaitiona only 
prove that Shakspeare did not go to Lfitiaattthora 
for the Latin word suggestion^ and no farther than 
to the old English chronicler Hollingshed; but it 
caiinot foJ)ow hence that he di<^ not likewise use the 
old obsolete English wprd fyecf rather 'than the 
more well known word tythed. The contlusion is 
no way connected with the quotations, nor with 
Mr. Fanner's intention for producing the quota** 
tions ; which was to prove that Shakspeare did not 
cdpy the Latin word suggestion from Latin author^ 
but from old English authors : how tmi it follow 
hence that he did not use an old English word tycj 
- but a more commoi} English word tythed; possibly, 
indeed, derived from the very same l^axon root 
teoghdn^ tean^ tihlhj teohthj to xdraw out from the 
rest, and not from ienthy as tTohnson's ambiguous 
phrase may seem to imply. 

To this incoherent conclusion in the first edition, 
Mr. Farmei} added others in his secondi edition; fiH" 
he was possibly sensible c^ its being not sufficiently 
^warranted by any thing advanced in his first,* there- 
fore he made the following addition in its support. 
<^ Indisputably the passage, like every other in the 
speech, is intended to e^icpress the meaning oftlie 
parallel one in the chronicle ; it cannot therefore be 
credited that any man^ when the original was pco^ 



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dnctiy should still choose to defend a cant accepfa« 
tion.-' But the truth is, that thei'e was nothing in 
the original, of either Hollingshed or Fiddes, which 
kad any thing of a parallel sense to tj/tkedy but on 
the contrary the>i>rigii^l si^s only that he got inta 
his hands' ihnuBierable treasure! what has either 
this or simony to do with ty things By conniving 
at simony he might get into his hands sums of 
money, but no tythes; they would i>elohg to those 
who paid the money. ' It Was, however, not merely 
to support the word ij/thtd that this stddiiion was 
made, but also to oppose what he calls a cant accept 
tatkm of tyCy as meaning to equal, which had been 
proposed by some writer, namely, that at games, 
audi ae cricket, where the victoiy is gained by 
tiiose wh» first arrive at a certain number in play, 
when one party gets a head, if the other afterward 
gets up to him in the reckoning, he is said te tye 
bis adversary; meaning, to get up equal to tfie 
other in reckoning the number of. points. This 
Farmer calls a cant acceptation, and contends that 
Shakspeare could not be thought to w^tyed all the 
kingdom for equalled all the kingdom. I believe he 
did not ; for the word equal^ of HoUingshed, is ex- ' 
pressed before by his ranking with princes, and it is 
only his gating treasure craftily, which is imitated 
by Sbakspeare, in the latter part of the sentence, 
by tying all the kingdom ; and which I have shewn 
to mean craftily drawing to him all the wealth of 
the tingdom, just as the thief, in the abeve bode, 
4rew passenger Seceitfiilly into ambnshes in order 
to rob them. . However, Mr. Fartoei" does not giye 
a just account even of (he etinfle oHye when it meanii 



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tbequiU, in calling it a cant kcceptation, foritis^ in 
reality, only the remains again of a sense in which 
the word U/e was also used by the Saxons them- 
selves, and which has been accidentaUy preserved 
along with the games in which it was first employed : 
' for every one knows that the games of yputh are 
very ancient, together wit^ the language employed 
in them, although subject to severalVari^tions in a 
length of thne : the Greeks and Romans*had many 
games with balls as. wdl as ourselves^ and the 
Saxons likewise. Now Teogan is found to mean, 
in Saxon, not only to draw in general, but also to 
draw up to. Manning expressly notices this little 
variation in its meaning. ^^ Teogan item accedm^ 
^odem sensu quo *hodie dicimus, to draw, to: thus 
Hdm iugoHy they drew back to their home (Sax. 
Chron.) SkiHamne tugon, they, did not draw back 
ta Sicily'(Orosiu8).'' Hence then we may obviously 
discern. the origin of that phrase at cricket, ^'he 
now t^es him," i. e. he equals him, or, in other 
words; he has now drawn up close to his adver^ry, 
so as to equal him in his number of points toward 
gaining the game. * The word ti/e then in this case is 
only another relic of a common sense of it in both 
Saxon and old English, although n^w quite obso- 
lete in this sense, as well as in that other of draw- 
ing deceitfulb/; both of them, however, still pre- 
^rVed in the above-mentioned examples. 'But *if 
any one should think that by all the kingdom Shak- 
speare rather meant the persons of the kingdom 
than the wealth of *the kingdom,* this makes no 
materiri difference in the sense of (^e, or of the 
poet ; it still .^ually appears that the i^ord cannot^ 



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wifh proprietj, be called sv. cant acceptation^ as if 
invented and applied in any peculiar manner to a 
reckoning in games, but mereij as be^ug an acci- 
dental relic of a word in common use in apcient 
times; for we bave found this sense also to be as 
ancient a^ the Saxon • language itself. Hence it 
£>Uows, that the sequel which Mr. Farmer subjoins ' 
to the above quoted words, in h^s second edition, 
does no better diq>rove these ancient senses of t^ed, 
4han hit quotation from Hollingshed. proves anj 
thing in &vour of tythed. ^^ Is it sufficient for any 
one to inform- ug, perhaps seriously, that in gnming 
language, from I know not what practice, to tye is 
to equals a sense 6f the word, as far as t have ye^ 
found, unknctwn to our old writers, and, if known, 
would not surely be used in this plaoe.'^ p. 48. On 
the contrary I have proved the antiquity and. use of 
both senses of the word, while Mr. Farmer, as if 
sensible that tj/thed had not been well proved by 
him faom H6Ilingshed, omits his quotation from 
Fidctes, apd introduces a new quotation from Hall, 
from whom he thinks Hollingshed copied his own 
account* This quotation is, indeed, more to the 
purpose; for here the word tythe does appear : but 
after h^. had before demonstrated that Shakspeare 
ecgpied all the rest verbatim from. Hollingshed, can, 
we reasomdily conceive th^t the single word tytht 
was cc^d frpm Hall? and thus that he made use 
of both authors.. This is die less probable, because 
in another . place, at p. 93y Mr. Farmer himself 
proves that Shakspeare did not copy from Hall, but 
from Hollingshed, a sentence in which the word 
mooiher occurs, which sentence is in H$dl likewise; 



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lor in Hall it is riglitlj printed brothefy^ not mooOur: 
neither does he any where, in all bis Esssy^ attempt 
to shew that Shakspeare made any use mf Hall, 
except in this single supposition concerning ^hed; 
where the supposition is totalfy needless^ and the 
sense of t^ed not only a^good one, and the word 
itseU found in all the editions, but expressive also 
of the same sense as the verf words of Hellingshed, 
6nd used in that same senpe by other English 
tniters, who were pa^lycotemporary with Sbak- 
q>eare, since their books were pnbllshed witMni 
few years after his death* What latereditors^ sfaMe 
the time of Mr. Farmer, hare said on tbis sotijeet, 
I hare not had any opportunity to examine; but 
Johnson'« comment about ride and tj/e requires no 
consideration.*^. 8. 

Art. DLXIIi The Character of ah Antiquarian. 

£From "Naps u]j)oii ^Parnassus," 1658. See Ciniuiu» Vol. IlL] 

^* He is a Cornish pedling historian : ^r as that 
country's dwarf merchants grow great monwoestalf 
tradesmen by degrees, with picking their scattered 
livings from quarries; eo our theme blistcre to i 
eonmderaUe historian, by rtfHng <he gtones fer 
liistory* Nay, such is his fletch't impiety, tbat ^ 
fwe as^ of the dead do tiiM scape his inqmsition : 
kence 'tis he vesb^ the Mnubs ibr almost mortified 
inscriptions, and laerflegiously steals that away ftom 
tbem, which 4id both oover and con^kend them. 

* Hie Editor considers this learned expUnation fionclasirc. 
f Stone-cutteri, 



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That imletter'd* v«nDim wlych daily diets and 
wans 6it od letters, devours more leamidg in his 
pr o gr e ss throngh a boak, than he by all his jumbling 
productions begets of bis own in his whole Uib-time. 
That ceremonious soul which iddatrously worshipt 
the genllewomatt's tbred bare garment, might bav# 
quietly kilt her rear, which -qaestianlese was the 
Moior of the two, .wif^'d hi^ mouth with her petti« 
coated aatiquity, and so had escap'd without a. diy'd 
jeer, tod like a good hatband have sav'd his pro^ 
digal breath to 4ool bis pottf^. J woocler, as there 
is to order f6r the extilpatioB of papiste out of this 
kdd^ that antiqaaritas ar^ moi inserted aaiohgflt 
4hat zealoo6*Uoniati crew r for ih^j are both sinners 
^ the same stock; tiz. worshippers Of gravea 
images: and, without equivocation, breakers of the 
•eeond commatidlaient With what roTerence do 
they put off their heads to any old brbken^^snooted 
ainilitadei But the sacred totiqaated table to 
whom they ought devoutly to doff their feets caps,t 
thoy slightly pass' by, without the least ethick nod 
isf dbefesfieet; had not a rerer^t Madam prov'd 
a she-patrdn to sodie zealots in Ibis ddctrtne, had 
ntii otheir aidre noble leanmg dab'd to the preser- 
VMion of his mchnorable nama, certnnly itt ot ig' e l^ 
this had httou buried iH& bis btoi^d^BfaatiiigiB in «ob- 
livion.* Praiseworthy onely this, that by art he 
confines a cluster of ages into the narrow compass of 
his own : like that artificer whiclh button'd up a full 

a A ctmiA itMi <fiyi%n^e ihMthsUkm^tWilHMr v»lA name. 

f 'the poorer sort of the author's [Sam. Austin] country «a(ni wear 
mifft upon their shoeS| to conceal the holes at their toes. 



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doeen of silver spqpns in a ^iininutife box ; but 
ipore like the people which teach their bed&contrac* 
tion, whose drou^ pates may be trulj said to lie in 
their pockets all the day. . 

** Now I think on% how verily do my two 
tbeams agree« 'Tis no wonder : good wits always 
jump. Like i^tor- and Pollux, brethren in ini« 
quity, how do they cri^p embraces : they both keep 
a general meeting in this, that, they are ;men of the 
times : a pair of petty haberdasherM chronologers^ 
which keep a ctreumspect notary of novelties/ that 
so he may the better see what way the winde sits. 
But characters should be shortr handed. Therefore 
take, this for a parting blow. May the beasts once 
cast off those thick-skin'd vapours, which fimoaking 
upwards,' do shadow their dull brains. Or were 
they by diymist ba<-maker ^i:tracted, those reaking 
fumes by th^ artist condens'd and modified/ would 
verj handsomely beaver their blocks, and fit them 
ns neatly as ere the ancient blackcapt ddud did the 
divine tenlple. • 

^^ My Muse's feet would surely have slipt if I had 
<as I was desired) attempt^ these* rocks in verse, 
without a liberal expence of vinegar'd* iiik : the 
defi^t of which (tiy mercy !) I might have supply'd 
out of the fountain-head' of their soWer looks. 

Sic explicit AntiquariusP 

Art. DLXIII. Catholike History^ collected and 
gathered out of Scrqdure^ Cauncels, ancient Fathersy 

• "The author doth not accustome hiimelf to p-*— in hii 
stfitodish." 



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<md mod^Ti authentick Writers both ecclesiastical 
and civil; for the satisfaction of such as doubt ^ and 
the confirmation of such as believe^ the Reformed 
Church of England. Occasioned by a bocfk written 
by Dr. Thomas Vane^ intituled The lost Sheep 
returned home. By Edward Chisenhale, Esquire. 
London: Printed for J. C.for Nath. Brooks at the 
signe of the Angel in Comhil. 1653. \2mo. 

JkfB. CuisENHALE (afterwards knighted) wastke 
descendant of an ancient Lancashire family^ former- 
ly seated at a place of the same namei but now. 
extinct. Granger sajs that he ^' well deserves to 
be remembered in the double capacity of a soldier 
and an author."* In the former^ he gave manj 
signal proofe of his bravery at the memorable siege 
of Lathom-house in Lancashire, for which he after- 
wards suflTered in the payment of a heavy penalty. 
The present is, I believe, the only publication that 
proceeded from his pen. Prefixed to it is a curious 
portrait of the author, in which he is represented 
kneeling, with various emblematic figures around 
him, and underneath are inscribed the following 
lines. 

'' Heere to the church, one of her yongest sonnes 
Prostrate presents these lucubrations ; 
Hee feares not her harsh censure, for hee knowes 
Mothers are kind, and shee the best of those ; 
Her benediction if shee please^to give, 
'Twill make the authour, and his lynes to live. 
Then though Rome curse, t\»h^i never trouble him ; 
Though Rome be Eball, here's his Getizim.*' 

• Biog. Hist, Eng. V. iii. p. 106* 

iroii. VI. X 



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A work of this nature cannot be supposed to be 
generally interesting^ at the present day, bij^'the 
fidlowing extracts from the prefii«e acquaint us with 
the author^s particijdar otgects in the publication 
of it. 

<< To the Bight Reverend the legal clergy of the 
fefonned Protestant Church of England, the author 
wishes many dayes of consolation here, and eternal 
jo^ in the Holy Ghost." 

^^ The Israelites lamented after the Lord, when 
the ark was reboved, and it pittyed the children of 
Sion to see her stones in the dust, and how can 
any sing a song of the Lord in. a strange land? 
For my own part, many have been the troubles of 
my spirit (Right* Reverend) for the desolations and 
miseries that have of late befallen our English 
church, and among the rest this has not been the 
least affliction of my, soul, to see her like Senna- 
cherib, murdared of her own sons, to see her laid 
desolate, whilst her enemies cry, there, there, so 
would we have it." 

^< When Jerusalem was destroyed, she became an 
habitation unto strangers, and our English Sion 
being now laid waste, a Babylonish tpwer of Rome 
would fein be built by the enemy upon onv holy 
hill." 

^ But that which most afflicted me, was to see 
the sons of our Sion's tower, being compleatly fur-» 
Dished out of h^ spiritual n^agazine, and being 
harnessed and carrying bowes to resist the darts of 
Satan, should, like the children of Ephraim, turn 
their backs in the day of battd; amongst whom I 
find Dr. Vane^ the author of a book intituled^ The 



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3W 

Lost Sbeep retinmed home, to be the ring kiMler 
and chief of the apostate tribe; who had no sooner 
escaped out of our English she^p fold, but straight^ 
waj he discovers the muset thorow which, he stole, 
thinking thereby to decoy the rest of the flock into 
the wildemess.'' 

^^ Now I seeing this injury done unto our English 
vine yard, though it was not proper to me to make 
up the fence did presume to lay these thorns in the 
bveacb, whereby 1 might divert the flock fipom 
straying after novelties, and seeking after ^strange 
pastours, and in the interim blind the wolves that 
they should not discover the breach that is made in 
our pale.** 

^^ Had I liot been upbraided daily with the 
clamorous insultings of divers papists, that our 
church wanting grounds of replyes, was the cause 
of her silence ; I had neither given them this occa- 
sion to censure me of presumption, or busied myself 
either for their information, or the church of 
England's justification; the one more properly be- 
longing to another's diarge, the other neecQess^ in 
respect the quarrel tiiey have renewed is but widh 
their own shadow ; all that ever they now pretend 
being heretofore fully answered ; the foiee of divir 
Bity, and weight of reason, adjuring the garland to 
^y^ English church. 

^ Nev^iheless, thoj^e answ€»rs being in several 
ineces, and nany not havkig the several books, and 
the Doctor having coudbed raaay aulgert matters im 
*<MEie volume, I thought it tequisite that a rq»ly wete 
fiomposed in answer to his objections ; not the im- 
fKirtMoe of iMbMtgect matter, butthoeaae and eon* 
x9 



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308 

Tdnience of the people to have him answered in one 
piece, calling upon some to this work." 

^^ And I consulting with myseli^ and imagining 
(after so long a time of its not being answered) that 
the more judicious amongst you might perhaps think 
it below them to make a reply to that, which had 
already by others been most fully and plainly refuted, 
did assume the boldness to re-capitulate this ensuing 
treatise, which (together with myself) I prostrate at 
your feet/' J.H.M. 

Aet. DLXI V. The Generdl History of Womeftj 
containing the lives of the most holy and profane^ 
the most famous and infamous in all ages,, exactly 
described not only from poeticall fictions^ but from 
the most ancient , modern^ and admired Historians 
to our times. By T. H. Gent. London^ printed 
by W. H. for W. H. at the sign of the blew 
Anchor J at the backside of the Roiall Exchange^ 
l$57,«ct. pp.651. 

At p. 244 of this compilation, under the head of 
Incest, is inserted the story of the Mysterious 
Mother, transcribed from Byshop's Blossoms with 
trifling variation. 

In the Ductor Dubitantium, or the Rule of Con- 
science, &c. by Jeremy Taylor, Sd edit. 1671, the 
name of Manlius as an authority is converted into 
Comitolus; and given as what '^ was determined 
by a congregation of learned and prudent persons, 
in answering to a strange and rare cas^ haj^ning 
in Venice." The story is similar in principal ibcts, 
and the whole passage may be found among the 



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309 

Extracts at the end of ^^ a Miscellany, containing, 
amidst a variety of other matters curious and in- 
teresting, remarks on Boswell's Johnson, Sec. &c. 
by S. Whyte, and his son, £. A« Whyte." Oct. 
Dublin, 1799. 

J.H. 



Art. DLXy. Paradoxical ass€rtions andphiloso* 
phical problems. Full of delight and recreation for 
all ladies and youthfull fancies. Bt/ R. H. 
London: Printed hy R. W. and are to be sold by 
Charles Webb, at the Bores Head in St. Pauls 
' Church yard.* 1669. 19mo. 

Mr. Dibdin, in his late edition of Sir Thomas 
More's Utopia, page 6S, calls this '^ an eccentric 
and rare little book,'' which it undoubtedly is; and 
some further extracts from it, in addition to those 
he has given, may not therefore be unacceptable^ 

At page 2i we find the following paradoxical 
assertion '^ that frequent fires in a metropolis to 
consume the dwelling houses are necessary." 

^^ Although my discourse may seem Quixot-like, 
to otherthrow cities, depopulate countries, and 
threaten al their mines : and though I appear at first 
aspect like him, terrible, in this doubtful notion, 
yet I doubt not but out of this flinty paradox, I 
shall strike fire enough to lighten any man to the 
truth of this bold assertion, though not enough to 
consume any the least city or town corporate, 
(although some of the latt^ might better be spared.)" 

^^ Our law therefore in this particular I conceive 
too severe, which inhibits a man upon pain of death 



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310 

• 

.to set fire to bis own bouse: as for example if my 
bouse be ill fiiyored, old, rotten and decayed, and 
consequently dangerous either to be lived in or 
pulled do win, sbould I not ratber fire it quickly (if 
it stand alone especially) tban endanger any roan'd 
life in tbe demolisbment tbereof ; and build a bet- 
ter, fiiirer and more substantial one in tbe room 
tbereof? 

^^ Observe but wbere tbe greatest fires bave raged 
in any countrey, town or city, if fiiirer structures, 
larger streets, and more stately and convenient 
edifices bave not been raised pbenix-likeout of tbeir 
asbes: wbereas old mansions dawbed and. patched 
up so long like Theseus ship (of which not a rib it 
bad at first building was left) and repaired so much, 
that to make the bouse tbe more honourable, they 
nrnst be propped up with supporters to keep the 
traements from felling; look like the Augean 
stables, ftdl of dirt and rottenness; or like my 
grandsire's old Grange, venerable for no()iing but 
Antiquity. Some streets in Lptidon are built so 
narrow, that neighbors at home may shake fiand§; 
as they are built in. Spain, Italy, and France, to 
divert tbe sun^s scalding rayes : but in our northern 
coasts, a fair, streigbt, broad, open street, as at 
Southampton, best befits our dime." 

^ What matter were it then if some of our rotten, 
poor half thatched cities were burnt, and stately 
ones erected in their rooms with galleries as at 
. Westchester ; or arches and piatzas to the street, as 
at Damascus, Padua, Bologna and Berna in Swit* 
irerland. Did not Erostratus build himself up a 
)»am^ by burning down the temple of Diana ? And 



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311 

4oth not charity^ grown cold now a dajes^ howerer 
jet warm herself by these and the like frequent 
fires ? whereas without such sudden and unexpected 
occasions she would eren freeze and* starve to 
death— 

« Besides, observe how eveiy omture naturally 
desires to get out of his bouse of restraint, for our 
houses are but as our inns to lodge, not to dwell in. 
The snail as soon as it can creep leaves its shell; 
the chicken as soon as warmth does hatch it, quits 
its marble tenement : and even man himself is soon 
weary of the womb he hath lien a while enclosed in, 
and when able to walk, delights more in the opeii 
fields then in his closet." 

^^ Thus I conclude then, where such hoirid ruines 
are purposely made by malicious designs, the incen* 
diaries, who are nigro carbone notandi, are worthy 
of greater and more lasting, flames. But when 
God^s immediate hand does it either by lightning 
to purge the infected air; or by other casual acci- 
dents permits it for our punishment ; the judgement 
may enlighten us to behold the frailty of our earthly 
mansions, and God's justice, to whose providence 
we are to submit: and may be useful also to minde 
us of the day oT judgment, when all shall be con* 
eumed in fire, except the bodies of the ti^icked, that 
must ever broil in everlasting flames — ^" 

At page 36 ^^ that imprisonment is better Aan 
life." 

<^ I have read of a Parisian that in sixty years 
stirred not out of the walls of that famous city, (a 
prison ki^ and glorious enough I confess) but 
when the king had confined him wMiin Hmt eircuil 



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during life, then, and not' before the old man most 
desired to. expatiate, and thereupon with grief djed: 
so that it is not the confinement, but the imposed 
restraint that makes imprisonment so irksome. The 
voluntary sequestration of the anchoret sweetens hjs 
solitude and close immurement, and it may be onely 
the forced servitude and restraint of more volatile 
spirits that makes their lives seem tedious*" 

'^ 'Tis true Robert Duke of Normandy, im- 
prisoned by Henry the First, his younger brother 
pined away for grief: and Francis the French King 
taken by Charles the Fifth, was (as Guicciardine 
reports) melancholy even to death, and that in an 
instant. And Jugurth, that valiant commander, 
after a few days imprisonment at Rome, dyed. I 
grant that to such high flying souls that have lived 
abroad at the height of jovial exultation and sensu- 
ality, to be debarrM on a sudden of their former 
career of pleasures, cannot but be irksome at first 
especially,, perhaps mortal. No doiibt but Vale- 
rian, Bajazet, our Edward and Richard the Second, 
felt the smart of such tyrannous conti nements. You 
may sooner tame a lark or reclaim a swallow, then 
such high flying fancies. But to a stoical temper, to 
an austere, stay'd, and reserved person, imprison- 
ment is liberty. Such a man being nunquam minus 
solus, quam cum solus, and never more at ease then 
when thus confin'd. To a scholar, that can sit and tra- 
vel all the world over in a map, nothing so pleasant 
as retirement; his brains travel in contemplation 
though he be fixt in his cell: he can behold the 
chorographical and typx>graphical delineations of 
the remotest parts and cities, turn over every stone^ 



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313 

and build castles,, &c. and never set fobt over bis 
studio's thresbold." 

" How renowned is King Ptolomj for tbat learn- 
ing he acquired whilst imprisoned by hi^ disease ? 
With what delight did our wise King James con- 
template Bodlej^s fair library at Oxford, expressing 
his affection to learning in those expressive words, 
<< if I were to be a prisoner, said he, and might 
have my wish, I woulc^ desire no other prison then 
that library, and *to be chained together with so 
many brave authors and dead instructours." 

" What shall I s^ of Caesar's retirement to 
Capreat And of the Emperour Charles the Fifth, 
his quitting his imperial diadem to embrace the 
peaceable quiet of a tnonastick life ? How are the 
Kings of China for staters sake cloistered up, that 
they never come abroad? How are the Spanish, 
Turkish, Italian dames lockiup in their closets by 
their' jealous husbands? and our's scarce suffering 
themselves to see the sun, onely to preserve their 
beauties ? With what content are they mewed up 
in stoves in Muscovia, and in caves in Greenland 
naif, the year together ? You'l reply, their confine- 
ipents are voluntary, which sweetens and gilds the 
pill of bondage and servitude. But what unpa- 
ralleled calatnities do the Indian and Turkey slaves 
in mines and gallies endure, condemned perpetually 
to drudgery, hunger and bfows, and chained to their 
misery sans hope of delivety ?" 

^^ All this I say is nothing to a chearful heart and 
patient. » The ship the rich merchant sails in is no 
less a prison thtfn the captiv«e!l gaily. Set aside the 
Spanish inquisition, (which tyrannizes over the soul 



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314 

as well ae over the body) and is therefore move 
injurious; 1 see not, I say, that suggested misery 
in that or any other sorl of imprisonment, which a 
#160^ humble and patient .spirit cannot/ overcome 
and lessen, nay, turn it to hit advantage and 
content;' 

^ By imprisonment how many lewd riotous men 
are brought home ? How many vagrants settled, hoW 
many dangers and temptatkms avoided ? it being 
the onely means to mortifi^ and master himself, and 
his greatest enemies, the world, the flesh and the 
devil. • 

^< Since then this life, tliough but a perpetjoal 
slavery and imprisonment, is yet sweet ta us all^ and 
more desirable than death, wUdi* is our onely li- 
berty, and frees us from all the ii'on shakels and 
weighty chains of our sins; I majc safely ccm- 
dude, that imprisonment is, in many respects, to a 
Christian, better than death or liberty •'' J. H. M« 



Art. DLXVI. True Copies of certain loose Papers 
left by the Right Honourable Elizabeth Countess^ 
of Bridgewater^ collected and transcribed together 
here since her death. Anno Dom. 1663. 

An 8vo MS. in the hand of an amanuensis, but 
with this certificate, wriKen by her husband. 

<^ Examined by 

'* J. BaiDGEWATBR."* 

This is one of the few copies of a curious MS. 
which has descended as an heir-loom in the fitmily 

* An instance of a peer prefixing the initial of his Christian 



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315 

of tbe Editor. * Another copy is 'm the Bridgewater 
librarj, and perhaps some others are in the pos* 
session of other branches of the family. 

But before the Editor proceeds to give extracts, 
he thinks it prudent, under his peculiar circum- 
stances, to copy the article — the whole article^— 
regarding this lady, ftom Ballard's Memoirs of 
Learned Ladies^ (Oxf. 1752, 4/o. p. 283,) that the 
reader may have before him an impartial testimony 
of her jnerits. 

" Elizabeth, Countess of Bridgewater. 

^^ Elizabeth, Countess of Bridgewater, has such 
an extraordinary character given of her in her 
monumental inscription, that being come to that 
period of time, in vi^hich she lived, I am unwilling 
to pass her over in silence. I have searched very 
carefully, though ineffectually, for some concurrent 
testimonies of her merit : but as I cannot add any 
thing to the account given of her in her epitaph, so 
neither wi}l it be thought much wanting, in the 
opinion of those, who are so candid as to suppose 
that inscription to have been drawn up^ rather with 
a viewof doing justice, than of doing honour, to her 
memory. I shall therefore transcribe it ad I find it 
printed in Sir Henry Chauncey's " History and 
Antiquities of Hertfordshire," and Mr. Collins's 
^* Peerage," from a monument in the church of 
Gadsden, in that county. 

« D. D. 
" To the sacred memory of the late transcendently 

♦ Prom the Earl's third son, Thomas Eg^ton, of Tatton Park, in 
Chedilre, whose son Wiinam died 173S, And was the Editor's grand- 



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316 

ririuous lady, now glorious Saint, the Right Ho* 
noarable Elizabeth, Countess of Bridgewater. 

^^ She was second daughter to the Right Hon* 
William, Marquis of Newcastle, and wife to the 
Right Hon. John, Earl of Bridgewater, and whose 
fiimily she hath enriched with a hopeful issue, six 
sons ; viz. John Viscount Brackley, her eldest ; Sir 
William Egerton, second son, both Knights of the 
Honourable Order of the Bath ; Mr. Thomas Eger- 
ton, her third ;^ Mr. Charles Egerton, her fourth; 
Mr. Henry Egerton, her fifth ; Mr. Steward Egerton, 
her sixth son: and three daughters; viz. Mrs. 
Frances Egerton, her eldest ; the Lady Elizabeth, 
ber second ; and the Lady Catherine Egerton, her 
third daughter; of all which children three, viz. Mr. 
Henry Egerton, her fifth son ; Mrs. Frances Egerton, 
her eldest ; and Mrs. Catherine Egerton, her third 
daughter; lie here interred, dying in their in&ncy ; 
the rest are still the living pictures of their deceased 
mother, and ihe only remaining comforts of their 
disconsolate fathen 

^^ She was a lady, in whom all the accomplish- 
ments, both of body and mind, did concur to make 
her the glory of the present, and example of future, 
ages : her beauty was so unparalleled, that it is as 
much beyond the art of the most elegant pen, as it 
surpasseth the skill of several of the most exquisite 
pencils^ that attempted it, to describe, and not to 
disparage, it : she had a winning, and an attractive 
behaviour, a charming discourse, a most obliging 
conversation : she was so courteous and affable to 
all persons, that she gained their love; yet not so 
familiar to expose herself to contempt : she was of 



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317 

a noble and generous soul, yet of so meek and 
humble a disposition, that never any woman of her 
quality was greater in the world's opinion, and less 
in her own : the rich at her table daily tagted her 
hospitality ; the poor at her gate her charity ; her 
devotion most exemplary, if not inimitable; wit- 
ness, (besides several other Occasional Meditations 
and Prayers, full of the holy transports and raptures 
of a sanctified soul,) her divine Meditations upon 
every particular chapter of the Bible^ written with 
her own band, and never, till since her death, seen 
by any eye but her own, and her then dear, but now 
sorrowful, husband, to the admiration both of her 
eminent piety in composing, and of her modesty in 
concealing. Then she was a most aflFectionate and 
observing wife to her husband, a most tender and 
indulgent mother to her children, a most kind and 
bountiful mistress to her family. «*In a word, she 
was so superlatively good, that language is too 
narrow to express her deserved character. Her death 
was as religious, as her life was virtuous : on the 
S4th day of June, in the year of our Lord, 1663, of 
her own age 37, she exchanged her earthly coronet 
for an heavenly crown.** 

" Prov. xxxi. 28, 29. 

^' Her children rise up and call her blessed ; her 
husband also, and he praiseth her : 

^^ Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou 
excellest them all." 

To make her character more consummate, I will 
add, that her noble Lord desired no other memorial 
of himself after his decease, but only this. 



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318 

<< That having, in the 19th year of his age^ married 
the Ladj Elizabeth Cavendish^ daughter to the then 
Earl, since Marquiss, and after that Duke, of New<^ 
castle, he did enjoy, almost twenty-two years, all . 
the happiness that a man could receive in the sweet 
society of the best of wives, till it pleased God, in 
the 41st year of his age, to change his great felicity 
into as great misety, by depriving him of his truly 
loving and entirely beloved wife, who was all his 
earUily bliss ; after which time, humbly submitting 
to, and waiting obj the will and pleasure of the Al- 
mighty, he did sorrowfully wbar out twenty-three 
years, four month^ and twelve day^, and then on 
the 96th day of October, in the year of. our Lord^ 
1686, and in the 64th year of his own age, yielded 
up his soul into the merciful hand oi God, who 
gave it."* 

Having transcidbed this character from Ballard, I 
now proceed to give some extracts from the carious 
MS* relicka of this excellent woman. 

^ A Prayer and Resolution against Despair » 

^' O Lord, I am vile, being sinful -^ but let me not 

irun into despair, for tliou, my Christ, hast redeemed 

me; and though my sins have blacked my soul with 

' the smoke of ungodliness, so that I cannot look to thy 

Ifavone of justice^ but be struck dowrf with my own 

* Lord Bridgewater was so anxious for this very inscription, that 
be Minexed a copy of it to his will, with a design for the plain Ublet 
on which he ordered it to be placed. The will was proved by hit 
son John, 3d Earl, on 28 May, 1687. 

It is probably unnecessary to remind the reader,, that he was the 
<<LQrd Brackley," who iitt «Gt«dth* £ld«r Brother in Milioff^* 
immortal Masq«e of Comm* SUfof* 



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319 

{j^uiU, yet thy mercies will purify me with the sweet* 
smelling incense of thy loving kindness ! For thou 
bast given me this cc^ort, that those that were 
heavy-laden, if they come unto thee, thou woiddrt 
ease them ; and those that were sick, thou wouldst 
heal them. So come I to thee, my Lord, loaden 
with sickness for my daily infirmities; and with 
heavy burdens weighing me down with iniquity ! So 
weighty are they, O God, that without thy mercies 
the balance would turn me into utter ruin. There- 
fore I stand amazed at my own unworthiness, not 
knowing how to appear before thy holiness. But 
yet I come, with a knowledge of my own sins, to 
thee, my Saviour, who mmy well be named my Sa^ 
viour, who by thy death and passion hast saved me;^ 
and by thy blood spilt I am relieved from the fear 
of everlasting deaths and lurought to an assured 
hope of everlasting life in endless joyi. Therefore^ 
to thee all honour and power be gtven^ now and for 
evermore!" 

'' Upon occasion of my Husband* $ Birthrdqy. 

<^ O my God, the only and everlasting God, to 
thee I dedicate a true acknowledging heart for this 
bappy day, wherem thou haet Uesaed my dear 
busband to aee 37 years ! O IiOrd,ray prayers ougbft 
to be to thee everiaatingly & and tiipo hast fctp* bim 
from att dajQgera I Thy infinite mercies to him, and 
me, is (Mraise above what I, thy nnfii) servant, can 
give. But I wUl strive. ts obey, and give th« praises; 
for thou caUest not the righteous, but sinners, to 
repentaoea Lord, I will Un from my evil w«f s ; 
tlmrofore I besMdb. tboa bcaur thin nqi thMiksgiTiiigji 



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320 

and turn thy ear to me, that begs the increase of 
this joyed day ! And blessed be it long t& him with 
health and prosperity; and be thou evermore with 
him in his greatest extremity and distress !*' 

'^ A Prayer for my Husband. 

*^ O toy Christ, give me once more leave to 
petition thee, to beg of thee to have mercy on my 
dear husband, who hath enemies about him, seeking 
to put some violence upon him ! O sweet God, fit- 
ther of goodness, and full of pure mercy, I beseech 
thee preserve him jout of their hands, and let not 
the son of man have any power to hurt him ! But 
be thou, Jesus, Son of God, ever with hnn, to pro- 
tect him from their hands of cruelty, seeking to 
arrest him ! Lord God, keep him from their ensnare- 
ments of imprisonment, and make his return hither 
safe, without being entrapped by any of their allure- 
ments ! Grod grant these, und all other things which 
are most needful for him, for thy Sen, my Lord and 
Saviour's sake, in whose name thou ever bid'st me 
call, and thou wilt hear f 

*^ A Prayer in the sickness of my girly Frank. 

^^ O Almighty and et^rri^ God, I, with an humble 
heart to thee, beseech thee, that am now grieved for 
my poor sick child t I beg of thee, O God, and of 
thy Son, my Saviour, to heal her from her great 
pain and sidaiess t Thou that art the God of all 
gods, and of all things, have mercy and compassion 
of my dear infiint ; restore her, I beseech thee, to be 
a healthftd child, and bring her out of the jaws of 
deadi I Lord J^psus^ look upon my affliction and hear 



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«1 

my fTRjiBn and let it W as tboit liast said^ that^ 
whatsoever j^ou ask in prayer, believing, yoa sbalt 
receive ! Lord, I believe that thou art the only true 
Godv and withiMit Ihee, we are nothing'; and wtth 
tbee, and thy gnice, we are to fear and magnify thy 
name! O sweet Jesus, say unto me, as thou didst 
to the woman of Canaan, ^^ O woman, greatas thy 
&ith, and be it unto thee, even as thou wilt ;^ and 
immediately the child was made whale ^m that 
hour! Lord^ there is nothing^ impossible with diee t 
As Ihoa raisedst Laaarus from the grave, sa raise 
nqr dear babe to kmg life, that she may enjoy the 
honour of age ; and with thy spirit take her by the 
hand, as thou didst the damsel Tabitha, saying, 
^ Arise r so I beseech thee, say to hers aad I. 
humbly desire thee, O Lord, to have mercy on her, 
and lay not my sins to her innocent charge; neither, 
punish me, O Lord, in taking her from me! I know, 
O sweet Jesus, and believe, that thy power is great 
in heaven^ as it was on earth; therefore 1 beg it of 
tiiee to have compassion on her in thia world : but 
if it please not thee to give an ear, nor say Amen 
to these my fervent prayers, I beg with my tears 
to have mercy on her in the wcM*ld to come, and 
make her. one of thy elect in heaven, which is a 
gloribus saint; and to give me patience far the h»B 
of her, and to take this affliction without grudging. 
at thy holy will ! But yet. Lord, let met, say with. 
Abraham^ ^^ let not my Lotnd be angry," and I will 
qieak but tius once^ which is t^ g^nt her long life, 
which is the prayer pf me^ that prays in this moat 
hi^y aad direct psayev, which Cbrift thy only Son 

vol*. VI. Y 



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hfiOk taugH 119, ff Our Fathfr wliifeb art ib 9e«i- 
v»n,"&c. 



Iturottld beabmird to prodno^ ihne tfhsAoBn^b 
proofeofagreat Kteraiy geniasu Tkey aie^ wkut 
the CouDtess's epitapk itery propeflj calls tbena, 
<< tke holj transpoFts and raptures •£ a Banotified 
soal;'^ the emanattona of an angelic spifit! Where 
can be found a character flM>re desenring of adrnm* 
tioa than that of tiiis Wely and irirtaoua woooan ? 
And in what n^onanea^ memorial can beexhibtted 
more true pathos, and a more inleresting and ^et 
quisite picture of all that ia enchanting in human 
nature i Even an interval of throe and twenty jtara 
could not weaiken th^ affsetion of her sorrewibg 
husband i the inscription for himself which he en« 
dosed in his will, breathes the same deep: tone of 
griei^ and regret^ and esteem ! < ' 

Y^ these are thdy, l^ety. in their Kves and iff 
iheir deaths, and not Bzahed bjr, but exalting, their 
high stations, whose descendants have been insulted 
for obscurity of birUi, by pert and puny upistatts^ 
dothed in the honours of yesterday, and as insig*' 
nificant in personal merits, as in derivative spkndov^ 
men inebriated with the femes cif tiikleserved eleva^^ 
tion, and raving with the me99 andiUibeial insolence 
<^ofilce!— JBut the Editor must restrain. hi«r pent 
Away then with these angiy ^dd indigiiafit paisaiiMiSf 
which ill accprd with the^memoiy of the inboflt^^ 
parable woman, to whom this article iaiblMKUd'tpt 
do honour^ and whose eaaunple ought to teach 
humility, f0^i veness, md a Mpisiiipiity lie att the: 



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to*be9tow! .' ►^ ,. ■ ^ ' ' 

An. ^1, 1806. 

A*T. DLXVII. The IrttituHonofaffenelemUnym 
Three Pmis: By WilHam Higf&rdy Esq. Vittui. 
term honor. L&ndom Printed by A. TV. for 
William Lee, at the Turk's Head in Fteeistteet. 
1600. limo. pp.97. 

^ As Wood's account of this author is short, I wilt 
give it entire. 

<^ WiHinn Higford, am EM)ni]re'i ffON, was botn at, 
or near to Alcterton, in Gloucestershire) beeame a 
GeotleoiM^ Commoner of Oriel College, Oxford, in 
1595) and beij^fftoon translated, tprtka^jof Ccfpus 
Cluristv wasyut under the tuition of Seb« J^efiek^ 
where, fa^ the benefit of g^ood (jtiwiidine anid natural 
parts, be becafne a weU-cj^uaUfied ge^ileiBa,ii. Afl^r-, 
warda taking a degree^; jin arts, be retired to his Ei- 
ther s seat, becafne a jfisticp of peace, and nuich. 
respfseledfoj tbe I/ord Qhandois, and othe^ persona 
of qaalitj in, his counj^jr*, He left behind him a 
large bopk- in* !R|S.* of ki» own writing entitied,. 
Institution^ or Adoice to h^s Grav^dson^ i^ tiix^ l^^Ur 
wb}eh being, epitomized, or eootraoted,. by CiiSM.^ 
BAaKS[DAi;^E, ar minister in Gloucestershire^ w^s. by 
him published at London in 1658, Svo^ .0t^F 
matters fit fi>r the preiB bei left 'behind him; which, 

* I have fomewh^re, among my fauiily books, a MS. of Uiis 
wofk, wliicb, as fkr as I can recollect, is fuller than this }>rinted 
copy — but it is mislaid; and I have therefore bad oo opportunity 
oSedllMtfiDf^it^ siifot IpH«bM0«tfei^limJI ^rifaJtediT^UiwiNAelki's 
sale. 

Y 2 



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m 

Imiig not attd«rttood bj l|it ehildrei, w^ loit 
He died et his house at Dixton, near to AldertM^ 
oo April 6, 1657) and in that of his age 77:. > His 
fiiAer also -had been e du c at e d in - Corpus Chrislfr 
CoUege, under the tuition of Will. Cole; and his 
grandftther, Sir John Higford, under John Jewell, 
tM>th whom were afterwards zealous puritans, as the 
son was." * 

Wood seems to hare been mistaken as to the ^ate 
1658, and the 8vo. size, as appears by the words and 
date of the following Dedication. 

^^ To the most iUustriaus Lord Scudamore. 

** My Lord, 

<^ This little book being turn to venture abroad 

into the world (after some years privacy) humbly 

taketh leave to go under the protection of your 

honourable name. First, because the worthy author 

was much devoted to you, and hath here left some^ 

memorials of your most noble fitmily. Secondly, 

because the design of the Editor being to do some 

service to young gentlemen (especially in Glouc. 

and Herefordshire) he believes the book will be 

much the more acceptable to them, by bearing the 

great name of Scudamori^ in the fi*6nt. A name 

that is deservedly most dear and' precious to all that 

love piety, learning, and civility, and shall be ever 

honoured by, 

Mr Lord, 

Your Lordship's most humble servant, 

C. Barksdale/' 

Aug. 1, 16S0. 

* Athen. Ozoil IL 210. His detcendaat. Rev. Hen Higford, 
died at I>ixtoli> near Alderton* aged 86^ March 25, 1795. 



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SS& 



" To the Generous Reader. 

<< I pveaeot yoa with The InsHMhn of a Gentk* 
man^ a litUe book coUceted out of tlie larger maim* 
script of the deceased author. A little book is fittest 
for those haads, to which it is designed, and jret it 
is not the least in this kind, bigger than Sir W. 
Rauleigh^s to his son, than the L. Cecil's to his^ 
and almost equal to K. James's Basittcon Doron to 
the Prince. Be pleased to venture one serious hour 
in the perusal ; you will find the Grandson well 
born, and well bred, taught to take heed of gaming 
and suretyship, and to preserve his estate and his 
reputation with it; instructed also in the way of 
noble converse with friends, servants, tenants, in 
obedience to the church^ in the choice and use of 
good books. Lastly, furnished with vertues theo- 
logical and moral, especially supported by these four 
ciirdinal ones, justice, prudence, fortitude, and tern* 
perance. Other gallant accomplishments are added; 
and you, my generous reader, that have an interest 
in such vertues, will easily, by similitude of man- 
ners, be invited to make a friendship with the Qcn- 
tleman here set forth by the care of 
Your servant, 

C. B.'' 

<^ Epitdphium Gulielmi Higford. 

** Hie jacetHiovoBDcs. Qais), Stxo sufficitisti 
Inscriptum nonea. Catera Fama docrt* 

Higford lyes here: we only write his name 
Upon the grave, and leave tlie rest to Fame.'' ' 



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3» 

^ Fama Loquitur. 

** Give me my trumpet that I may prochum 
WItfo lasting ftoands ttie noble lii« ford's \ 
That tki^ on^nrtef^r Wodd may lo»w be't gone, 
: And kaow wiiom tfa^ have lost. For he was one, 
; Whom only feiw, that is* tht wise did know^ 
An4 rigblty Taluei i«hi|e be WAi Init now 
.; AJl Ifust lamsot and loye. So the %^n\ light 
We ^tmiate liy the 4^k shode qf i^gbtt 

He was a light indeecj ; whew be drew nigb, 
Apd with hisheajD^s sbin'fl oq quj: company, 
AH clouded brows were clcar'd, and every face 
W^s beautify'd with smiles ; such comely grace 
Appeared in his behaviour ; such true wit. 
Sharp wit, but inoffensive, alv^ays fit 
For the occasion and the persons, still 
Mingled with his discourse ; he'd wit at with 

And Learning too he had i a readiness. 
Such as his book contains, worthy 6* th* pr^ss, 
Ris manuscript to his son's son. O wbefi 
Witt it come forth, for th' dse of G^tlemerf? 

He was wett read' in books and men ; :both these 
'Btudy'd, made what he spake or wrote to pleiase: 
Old auAors-h^ loVd best i and well he knew 
The old religion, from the late an4 mw y 
And though he read andh^MMii^d JUllarmine, 
And great Aquinas, he did not decline 
From th' English cburcb; l^ut held fas.t to His death 
The Reformatlbn of Queen Elizabeth, ' ^ ' ^ ' 
Wkevehi he kad^been hr^d; tmei: tiw^silifet • i. 
Warping neitiiet toi ftemo^ BfiffAmsAenbaw t( 
One note of faji r^l^ii3 ^Ma^e Uk^ beafiie«: 
(£xempfaur;tQtt9.aU)bi9.|r^ti^^^f >, ,: 



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317 

Aaoog hk pi^QriygaliMr.ivtat hit Muse 
Hath left u« h temtfeDhlnoce ('IwtH his use) 
Of hoMOr'd peinNM ; CkmuUm, Duit^m d6 
Live in bis yerses sUlU Afid CtyW too. 
Let HjOFORAillsolivt.with then; bisd«me 
With huting sounds my trunpet shall proclaim/' 

the book itself is a sensible little volume. The 
first part contains advice regarding bis grandson^s 
birth and estate. The second, regarding ^is com- 
pany. And the third, regarding his actions. 

'^ Nosce Teipsum,^^ he begins, ^^ was a document 
in especial esteem among the ancient philosophers, 
and to know your origin and birth is to know a good 
part of yourself," &c. 

^< But I beseech you (this your descent be it what 
it will) that you make no boasting or ostentation 
thereof, or comparisons with other gentlemen ; than 
which nothing is more vile or putrid : but lay it 
aside by you to vindicate you from indignities and 
affronts, and when you find yourself disparaged, or 
the title of your land questioned, then with modesty, 
the comeliest ornament of youth, and with such 
weapons as are left unto you, defend the same. Let 
upstarts and buyers of honour bragg and boast! 

Pervia daat vada plus nurinuris^ alta nihil.'' 

At But f L |>. 86, m^akiDg oCcoospeiiy, he BBf9f 
^< The fl^t in order alf^ your n^ighbaHirs; (a 

good neig hbewr near is better thM a birbthec a Smt 

off) #it1i H^hetti in respect of netmsie you are to 

convene. 

^ Jhete an t^o honourable neighbomv^ tftal in 

offset enrii* your estate ^ L The lUpiiHt BOMM^^ 



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Viscount Tmcy, wbo haA ^ pfttbcMiMnce of all 
the families in these parts for awtiquity. .Your 
ancestors hare from them received much honoar bj 
divers trusts and services recommended and reposed 
in them. Their lands at Alderton lye promiscaously 
with yours, and many differences baVe arisen between 
the respective Lords and tenants, which have been 
always composed in an amicable way. Many graces 
and favours 1 have receivefl in my country have 
proceeded from this Honourable Lord, and his son 
Sir Robert Tracy, the true inheritor of his honour 
and vertues. And though I might command you, 
yet I had rather entreat you to assist me to pay that 
deep debt of duty and service, which I owe to those 
of that honourable family. 

^^ The other is the Lord Chandos^ nay, the Lord 
Butlers long before, as I am very well able to set 
forth. The Lord Edmund Chandos, Knight of the 
Garter, in much infirmity of body did adventure 
towards Gloucester, to do Sir John Higfford honour, 
when he was first .High Sheriff, but falling more 
sick in the journey, returned to his castle, and died 
before the assizes were ended. The Lord Giles 
Chandos employed Sir John Higford in the govern- 
ment of his estate, and in the lieutenancy of the 
county : and for his good service done therein, pro- 
moted him ta the Queen's Maj^lity (a : great ihouse- 
iiHfe of her honour) who dignified jbim wjtb-the 
jorder of Knight (in those days commitliicahle ooljr 
to persons of worth and quality) 14 Sept 159L ^ At 
which time also her said Majesty created. Sir John 
Sdidamore Knigkt, the goodliest parsonage 4ien in 
Ao oonrt of England, and in bif h. ^voir^ ber Ma<- 



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3B9 

jesly mmg maajr^ graciom speedi^ to them both. 
The Lord Gr^y Chandos, truly noble both in learii* 
ing and araM^ brought me first into the commission 
. of the peace, and-did me manj graces both in court 
and couDti^. This ndUe Lord, with whom you ai^e 
almost coetaneous, hath shewed many remarkable 
inatanees of his prowess and valour. 



"" ' Nee imbellem feroces 

Progeneraot Aquilse columbam.^ 



Art. DLXVIIL Memoriah of Worthy Persons. 
Two Decads. By CI. Barksdde.* The memory 
of ike just is blessed. London : Printed by I. R. 
1S6L ISmo. 

A THIRD. Decad was printed at Oxford, 1662, 
8vo.— anda fourth there, 1663, 8vo. — and A Re^ 
membrance of excellent men^ Lond. 1670, 8vo. which 
goes for the fifth Decad. 

The present is dedicated to his Honourable Friend 
George Mountagu, EJsq. — '^ The whole,'* says Wood, 
^< are scribbled from funeral sermoi^s, lives, and 
characters occasionally given of the persons in public 
authors.*' 

The First Decad consists of Memorials of I. Dr. 
Joseph Hall, Bishop of Norwich, from hrs Funeral 
Sermon by Mr. John Ligbtfoot, 1656. 2. Dr. John 
Donne, Dean of St. Paul's, from his Life by Iz. 
Walton. 3. Sir William Cokain, Alderman of Lon- 
don, from bis Funeral Sermon by Dr. Donne. 4. Sir 
Thomas Bodley, from his Life printed at Oxford 

* For BarknUUe'f Nympha Lybeibris, see Cbvi. Lit.VoUIIL 



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380 

1647, 5. Dr. Jdm Jewels Bisiuyp of Samm, *om 
his life prefixed to his Work^. & Mr Geor|re 
Herbert, from the Pi^faoe to his Poctns. 7. Dr. 
' James Usher, Archbishop of A-hnagh, from Dr. 
Bernard. 8. Mn John Hales, frdin Dr. Pearsoiv-s 
Prefiioe to his Golden Remains. 9/ Ri £v^ii, 
from his Father's Epistle before Chrjrsostome, ^f 
Education. 10. Dr. Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, from the Preface to his Sermons. 

The Second Decad contains, 11. Edward Peyto, 
Esq. from his Funeral Sermon by Mr. Thomas 
Peirce. IS. Dr. William Laud, Ai-<:hbisbopof Cati- 
ierboij, frbm Dr. Grauden^s Suspiriai, and Fidler's 
Ghiirch History. 13/ Archbishop Ushet agaili, from 
Gauden's Suspiria. 14. Thomas Brandeslon, a rich 
clothier of Bergholt in Suffolk, from. " Tradition of 
good hands." 15. Mk*. John Dod, from Fuller's 
Church^ History. 16. Mr. Joseph Mede, firom the 
View of his Life annexed to his Works. . 17. Mr. 
Josias Shute, from Mr. Edward Sparke's Preface 
to Sarah and Hagar. 18. Francis Bacofi, Lord 
Verulam, from his life by Dr. Rawley. 19. Thomas 
Jackson, D. D. from Mr. Vaughan. SO. Lady Falk- 
land, from Mr. Dun ton. 



Art, DLXIX. The Wa^ to he Rkh^ according 
to the pracike of the Great Audte^^ who begun 
with two hundred pound^ in Ihe^ear 1605^ andd^ed 
worth four hundred thousand pound this instant 
l^ommber^ I66S- Rern^ quocunque moA), rem^ 
PsaL xlix. 13. Yet their posterity approne tkdr 
savings* Ijondon ; Printed for E. Davis. 1662. 



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Thii AOQWiit ctfufe wawHw^^ibiMiia diTided into 
d^ven sections, begiROipg with bin cfttrtafe im .% 
servant. Being admitted derk in Seplettber, ld97, 
be contrived out of six shilUngs per week, allowed 
for diet, to dave tbre^ shiUiogs and sixpence : m 
apparel, ^. aooordii^ to the iasUon of those timeU, 
be wore a trunk hose, with drawers, upon all occa- 
sioni, with a leather doublet, and plate buttons; 
and his special care was to buy good doth, linen, 
and woollen, the best being best cheap, and to keep 
them neat and clean ; for he observed that dust and 
dirt did clothes more harm than wearing. Aiming 
at the study of the law, he resolved with himselfe 
to lay aside soine leisure time foir that purpose ; the 
time was from ten a clock at night, to one of the 
dock in the morning, which was his constant hour 
for nine years together, and then from six till eight, 
when he gave himself to his usual affairs : he had 
an excellent way of contriving hi^ study, without 
any expence,^ (as he learned^ so he taught) he. con- 
trived the notes he gathered as he read, so that they 
nught be usefiill for publjc^ good,, and. so,, by writ- 
ing, seyea^ltibioga then Reasonable but now lost, 
he purdiatsed a fair librauf Pf law, and g^ mon^ to 
boot, for he aeldoipe r^d a book fonr his «»wn advan- 
,tage, but he coatr^'^a^.desiga&t hi^^ okvn adivan- 
tage/' : The same advaataget wad alwaf»ipiurt«Kd in 
money transactions ; when inoney was borrois^ed of 
him, and the borrower, from his exacti9n^,^i|)quired 
2rile did riotiritehcl to use a conscience, "Yes, I 
iiitetid hereaflter id ude it; why, sir, we n^onied- 
akn must b^Ianbe accounts; if you do noV pay me, 
jtah ih^'iW; btit'lf j^oti do, theii I cheat you," 



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In tbd laflt teedoH hk rules of thriving are given, in 
rbime, to the number of thirty- four; then follows 
Bishop Saunderson on'Usury^ the relation of the 
rich Antonio, and other characters of the same de- 
scription. The following are among the rules for 
tiiriving, which prove the precepts better than either 
poetry or exaikiple. 

'* N^ver exceed thy income; youth may make 
Even with the year; but age, if it well hit. 

Shoots a bow short, and lessens still bis state. 
As the day lessens, and his life with it. 

Thy children, kindred, friends, upon thee call 

Before thy jorney, fairly part with all. 

*' By no means tonindebt^ take thy own measure. 
Who cannot live on twenty pound a year, 

^annot on forty ; be is a man of pleasure, 
A kind of thing that's for itself too dear. 

The carious unthrift makes his cloth too wide. 

And spans himself, but would the taylor chide."' 



" Play not for gain, but sport; who plays for more 
Than he can loose with pleasure, stakeii his heart. 

Perhaps his wive's too, and whom she hath bore. 
Servants and churches also play their part; 

Only a herauld who that way doth pass. 

Finds his cracked name at length in the Church-glass." 



Abt. DLXX. The Protestant religion is a sure 
foundation and principle of a true Christim^ and a 
good subject^ a great friend to humane sodeiy^ 

, and a grand promoter (^f^ll^firtucs both Christian 



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333 

mid moral* London: PrifOed Anno Dotnitd 
1669. ^to. 

The Protestant religion is a sure foundation andprin* 
dfUe of a true Christiany and a good subject^ a 
great friend to humane society ^ and a grand pro* 
mater of all virtues both Christian and moral. The 
Second Edition^ by Charles Earl <rf Derby ^ Lord 
of Mann and the Isles. London: Printed for 
WUliam Cadeinan at the Pope*s Heady in the 
Lower Walk of the New Exchange^ 1671. 4lo. 

The above title-pages are here g^ven as Mr. 
Park, in his enlarged edition of Walpole's Rojal 
and Noble Authors,* speaks somewhat doubtfully 
with regard to the dates which they respectively 
bear. The uninteresting nature of the work ia 
general, and the violent manner ih which it is written, 
render unnecessary any additional extracts to those 
originally given by Lord Orford. J. H« M. 

^ii■■i^■■i^■■■■■Bgl^■Wf^^^W¥^:^^^5Bg!ggg■e^^BHBHg^■8!■BeB■a■li^. 

Art. DLXXI. The Citie't great concern in this 

case or question of Honour and Arms^ Whether 
• Apprenticeship extinguisheth Gentry^ Discourse 

td; with a clear refutation of the pernicious error 

that it doth. 
Lam. Jerem. Cap. 3. Bonum est viroy cum impor- 

taveritjugum ab adolescentia sua. 
London. Printed by WiUiam Godbidy dwelling in^ 

Little Britain. 1674. Duod. pp.97. 

This I presume is the book of John Philipot the 
Herald,, which A. Wood says was written to ^' prove 

» Vol. III. p. 136. 



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S34 

that gently doth not abate with apprenticeship, but 
only sleepeth, during the time of their indentures, 
an4 awaketh again when thej are expired,'' and 
which book Wood bad not seen. See Ath. Ox. II. 
F. 37. 

It is dedicated ^^ HoaoratisstmoSeilatui populoque 
Augustse urbis Londinensis." 

This is followed bj ^^ the Bookselfer's. Report," 
which is succeeded by << A prefiiee in defence of 
trade and commerce," and an address ^^ To the 
Reader." 

John Pbilipot died 25 Nov. 1645. Most of his 
works were published bj his son Thomas ; amoiig 
which was the <' Yillare Caniianum" 1959, and 1664, 
fbl. one of our earliest countj histories. See Wood's 
Ath. F.I. 285. n. 36. ; 

* Thomas Gore in his '* Catalogus eorum qiii ^e 
He Heraldrica scnpserunt," a curious and useful 
book, mentions a work of this John Philipot, not 
recorded by Wood, and which though common, T 
had never seen, when the first ediJlionof Cens. Lit. 
waff published. 

- f^ It is a perfect t]!bHeclio«> or Catalog of all 
Kntgbts l^helaurs made bjp King James sinoe^ his 
coming to the Grown of England, fititbfulljr ex- 
tr^eted out o£ the Keeordis. Printed all^M(P^ 
1660, 8vo." . . V. \ 

There are man; M& catidog^es of these Kn^ht^, 
.who were very nmnefous^ in the British IVfus^ui^ 

Thomas Pbilipot, the son, was author of a volume 
of " Poems, tiondon, 1646, 8vo." which now rarely 
occurs, but was 'among Dr. Farmer's collection, 
No. 6591, and one is^^ in Brit. Mus. 



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Art. DLXXII. The Essex Ckampkm; or the 
famous history of Sir Billy of Billerecatfj and his 
Squire Ricardo. 

Chap. L Tbe bktb of Sir BiHy of Blllereoay, his bringing up %X 

school, and resolution to pursao knightly adventures. 
% How Sir Billy and his Squire went forth to seek adventures, 

their encounter with a scare-crow, and how he came to a 

eattle to be dobbed knig4t. 
^ Hh Billy waAoh«th his armor and is made knight by the lord of 

the castle ; his ill success in running at the Quinten ; 

with other things which happened, 

4. Sir Billy being dubbed knight, marrcheth forth to seek a4ven' 

t«res;i bis encounter with Poppet-gyants : his iniprison- 
venH h»« wooden inchabied cattle^ and.<emtertaioiBeiit by^ 
the sage Freston. 

5. Ricardo is sent with a letter to Dulcina, in the mean time Sir 

BUly enfouaterf th with i^ inoB9%rous gyMt it disfeyice of 
the Tantabilan Friocess, «>om he m^^fqliy overthrows, 

6. How Ricardo in his journey Rewards Billereca|^ met with ai^ 

s aged palmer, who gave him an invisible ring with which 
he cheats an tpnkeeper/ as also what a tfick he served a 
Bedbm md a Tinker* / 

.7. How Ricardo delivered bis letter to J one Grumb^H, with her 
answer to it ; and several exploits performed by Ricardo. 
with his invisible ring. 

8, How Ricardo deliveredf his message to his master and of tbe 

challenge made by Sir Billy againfet all comers, in honour 
of his mistress Duloina* 

9. How Sir Billy was forced to run from his challenge. The, 

mhrth Ricardo had at a wedding, what a trick he served 

an old fornicator, and hew he went in pursuit of his 

fliaiter. 
1^ iSir Billyh enepimler. lulh a Danoer on.tke topes, how. he wa» 
/ , ^ carried before a J^ustice of tbe Feace^^ and, set free, b^- 

Ricardo 1^ the help of his Invi^le ring. 
II. Ricardo going to recover his master's horse and armor, actetb a 

very pleasant adventure iit'^ Ino, with Qi\m things 

which happened. 



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396 

112. Sir Billy *t ill success in his adveDture sfainst the pedlars ; Iralr 
he was rescued by Rrcardo by the 'Help of his invisible 
ring; with other things that happ'^ned. 

13. The woful story of a Taylor and his Sweetheart, bow they 

were hanged in a ban^; and bow the murtherers were 
taken by the means of ;Sir BiUy and a Constable. 

14. Sir Billy's entertainment at the Justice's house^ his oration in 

praise of the golden age, with his challenging the Coroner 
to fight in defence of knight-errantry. 

15. Sir Billy's encounter with the Cevoner; bow ho was relieved 

by Ricardo; bis admirable description of his mistress, 
with Eioardo's counterbuff thereto. 

[Wood-cut of two knights armed cap-a-pee^ mount- 
ed on their chargers, going forth.] London: 
Printed for J. Blare at the Looking-glass on Lon- 
don-bridge. n, rf.* 4to. pp. 72. 

This is a feeble attempt, in imitation of Cervantes, 
to ridicule the romances of general circulation in 
England. The hero Sir Billj is a shepherd, son of 
an ignorant iarmer ; the squire Ricardo a thresher; 
the enemy a constable, and the enchanted castle the 
stocks. The adventures are sufficiently analysed in 
the title. Ricardo*s possession of a ring rendering 
him occasionally invisible seems created to relieve 
the author, whose imagination was in greater dis* 
tress than the hero, and unequal to the ta^ of re- 
peatedly extricating him with a feasible exploit 
when thrust into difficulty or maimed in an untoward 
encounter. Where reason or wit is to overturn the 
extravagance of fiction, the auxiliary aid of enchant- 
ment taking precedence of truth is certainly out of 
time and place. Thus the squire being invisible 

* Updn the authority of Dr. Farmer's Catalogue (N».'8d20} there 
Appears to have been an edition dated 1090. 



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B37 

lirBile a swotd hi bis hand appears btandislitDg ia 
the ikir to thte multitude, is a preposterous incideht, 
And sufficietitlj absurd fb htive been engrafted Trom 
the modem stotk of charnel-house conceits, sprung 
firdtn the Gei*matl school. The work appeai*s ^lto« 
gether compds^d for the diultitude, that nev<3r halt 
to consider defects in imagery, want of utiity or. im* 
prbbabilitj of fiible, conceiving it sufficient in the 
ieftrfch for amifsement when the author prockiibs 
himself iuditk'ous, and the events, like Bacon's 
htaMn bead, dssume a v6ic6 of the miirvellous. 

NMwithdtandin^ a lat^ eminehtUterarj char^icte^ 
fbutid liis furiosity sufttiently etched to obtdin arid 
][MJhtse those tvorks so expresdy condemned by Cer* 
fdilteif, and thereby bfedam^ heUrly &s niuch irifktu- 
at^ tis thkt writer'^ h^rcT; yet ^ selection bf parallel 
(l^sagfes froih the pr^sfent Work is ventut^d oh wlth« 
Mt expf^citatioA of sittril^r cdnse<}tiences. 

Th« ettfltitry bt (he herb is founded oh hi^ mtlf 
p^rttM of th6 baited^ bf Fair Ro^ambtid, the filihd 
B*'^!' bf Bedhal Green, fcng fidi^ard the Fburth, 
Md Gxt TAhfiet; ^^ but amongst thefh ^% none of 
Aim (d^^d Why so Wefl as the song of that arch- 
^ynlte Sit Anite^ Baftotf, and that heroick poem 
df ChiSvy ChiTie, of whith latst.thb Wbrthy Sir thilip 
dldfidy tried to ^, fh*t the h^iatlng tiei^eof (thougfi 
aWttg lib better thftn by A ^bUiitry cl-oi*^d) stirred up 
liis heart more than a trumpet ; well thei^efoi^b raiglif 
it b^ a greUt fnottv^ to Billy tb undertdk^ such l^igh 
rfdveBturfefe/* Aftei^ tWCf y^atrs in^riictions by the 
pkt\^ derk <he h^^o* bbtathis rin ftdditioii io his 
VtHtty bf tT<eHi«tbfy bf Tota Thudfc j Rbbinf Gd64^ 

VOL. VI. 2 



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838 

fellow; the Fryer and the boy; the Three Merry 
Wives of Green-goose &ir; the Sack full of News 
and a hundred Merry taleg. Education advances, 
and the hero is placed.under the tuition of the vicar, 
upon whose suggestion more books are to be pur- 
chased. The father buy» at the next fiiir, at a ped-^ 
lar's stall, the following renowned performances, 
many of them yet in high estimation, and continually 
sought for by the erudite mumpers in that grand 
emporium of mendicant literature, Long-lane. 

<< The Garland of Good-vwill; the Garland of 
Princely Delights ; Pasquiirs Jests ; Scoggin ; Long 
Meg of Westminster ; Doctor Faustus ; Fryer Bacon; 
the Seven Wise Masters; the Gerttle-craft; Jack 
of Newbery ; Reynard the Fox; Diogenes; History, 
of Fortunatus ; George a Green ; Be vis of Sonth- 
ampton; Guy of Warwick ; Palmerin of England; 
Huon of Bordeaux; Valentine and Orson; Don 
Belianis of Grreece ; Parismus and Parismenes ; - the 
seven Champions of Christendom; Destruction .of 
Troy; History of King Arthur; Amadis De Graule; 
Tom a Lincoln the red rose knight y Pheander the 
maiden knight; the Knight of the Sun; the Mirror 
of Knighthood ; Hero and Leander; Children in 
the Wood; Tom Stitch the taylor; Knight of the 
burning sword ; Argaius and Parthenia ; King and 
the Oobler; Nine penniworth of wit for a penny; 
the Man of Kent." 

\a the fourth chapter a brief judgment, as a tri** 
tical one, is held on the records of diivalry, the 
fiery ordeal introduced, and pile of destruction 
heapingly supplied. The enumeration traces many 



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SS9 

lesser stars, as well as those of superior magnitude^ 
that may be described to irradiate the fanciful and 
amusing^ hemisphere of romance. 

Tbomasio (the fiither) ^^ curses the time that ever 
he put his son to school, but more, that ever he 
bought him any books of knight-errantry, saying, 
^ they were all composed of meer witchcraft, and 
therefore not fit to be suffered in a well-govcrned 
common-wealth/ And now seeing he could n9t 
come at his son, he resolved to be revenged on his 
books ; but being ignorant in all sorts of learning, 
he associated tP him Sir John, the curate of the 
parish, to peruse them, and what he condemned for 
fiiulty to be cast into the fire. 

<< Billy had locked up all his libraiy in a very 
hiTge chest, of which he carried the key always 
about him, and therefore old Tbomasio caused it to 
be broke open* The first book they laid hands on 
was Sir Bevis of Southampton; ^ This (said the 
curate) is^he father of our English romances, made 
upon a knight who lived in the time of William the 
Conqueror, but hath in it an ell of lying to an inch 
ot truth.' ^ And by my fay (said Thoynasio) a lyar 
they say is as bad as a thief, and therefore to the 
fire he shall go, although he were a killer of gyants 
and dragons.' The next that came to hand was the 
first ^nd second part of Amadis de Ganlein English. 
< The original of this Osaid the curate) is Frendi, of 
whidi there is above thirty parts, but we in English 
have but six of them.' ^ And by ploughshare (said 
Tbomasio) that is too much by above five of them, 
and therefore he shall ..accompanji his fellow Sir 
Bevis in the fire I' ^ Next, (said the curate) here ia 
2 » 



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P^ltpseriQ D'Oliya in three parte, Primaleon of 
Qreeee in three parts, Palmerin of England in three 
parts, and Palmendos in one; all these, are one 
continued biHtoij of an Emperot" of Constantinople, 
called P^knerin D'Oliva, his son Primaleoa and 
gr^f^dsop Palmerin of England, and others/ By 
wy fay, (^td Thamasio) these Peilmerins^nd Ania« 
clissi^s were notable cutting and slashing blades, 
which made a great disturbance in the world, but 
we ahall r^oacile them all in one fire together, not* 
withstanding' they were such big fellows in their 
time.' ^ The next (said the curate).is Don Beli^nis 
9f Greece, one who could cut two or three gyantt 
in two by the middle at a stroke.' ^ Were he Achillea 
9C Greece (said'Thomasio) he sbould go ta the fire, 
and if I had the author of his history he should 
^kewise accompany him for his abbmfaiable lying.' 
^ The next (said the curate) ib Pfedadine of England, 
ew ako of French ex^faetion, butr more modest in 
hia expresttOM than Don BdjUanfe.' ^ His modesty 
(said Thomauo) shaH not excuse him, but he shall 
to the fire, were be as big a Frenchman as Charle-^ 
iaain. But what. Sir Jqhn, i» that book which hatft 
a curtain drawn over the ktters at the beginning 
q( it?' / Tbia (said the curate) is worthy to be 
preseri^d, it being i;he history of Argaliis mid Par- 
ihenia, writt^i hy, tfa^ divine poet Sir. Francis 
Quarlea.' ^ Why (said Thonftisio) was not thaf 
Argalus a knightoer^ant i' ^ O no(<iuoth the ei^pale) 
JhU ona who was premised for the pattern of virtae, 
and example of true love and magsanimily.' These 
worda gave the i|pU^ Ai^ua a reprieve Spom the 
Mt^ hut the msA ik^f hH bands on ftlfr a WMver 



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341 

tMy which wastheMitroref Knfighthood) In nine 
parts, tat wbkh Tbomasid WdaM heut no crease, 
but satd, thiKt the fire MfovM purge it from all it^ 
lies, wherewith that and Other books of knight-' 
cfrrantrj Aa abootfid ; wbereapon it was^^t into ihef 
fire ; as also the foure Sdns of Amon, Ailhur of 
Great Britain, ArAur of Little Britain, Yaientlne 
and Orson, Parisnitts and ParisinenAs, MonteliOti 
Knight of the Oraele, Omdug aivd Att^si^, th4 
Seven Champions of Cbi'istendo^, Ouy of WiTr- 
wick, Ckoctreati andCloifyai^, Chition (3f Ili^Iiai^iI^ 
C^alien of Frant^, Arato^ Prints of Gre^e, Toth ci 
lineoln the red rose kiligfat, Hnon of Burdeau^ty 
Ffaeander the ittaiden kiri|^^ smd alt other books of 
that HB<ore^ of ivirich he wOuld ^pai^e nfette ; and 
indeed hm had none of the itiore refined sort, su<^ll 
atf tiM^ Countess of Peaabi^ooh's Arcadia, BentevolM 
and Yrania, the IBustrieusBicisa', Grairf Cyrus^ 
Astreo, P&ten^andery Etemena, tbe Banisbexl Yir-* 
fffSj €oralbo^ Ariana, Clelia, Cassandra, Cleopatra, 
Pharammid^ Iphigenisy Graild Scipro, and some 
others* These I conceive either were not written 
in his time, or too dear fpr him to purchase. Some 
books of poetry he had likewise amoi^l them, Ibut 
wXL Thomasio^s spight betng af^frist hnigfht-errantrf, 
he let the books of poetrj escape the fire, yet judged 
ihem not good for anj thing, unless to be put under 
mutton pastier or apple pies/' 

The inebnsisteney of the attiLcks ismd subsequent 
dK^eomfitufes of the heto ; the extravagance of his 
passion i^r Joan GrumbkU; saturnine manners; 
for ^' Sir Billj used every evening to walk in the 
garden, with his Ifands indented oie with another, 



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S43 

as melancholy as a gyb'd cat,* his thoughts of che^ 
valry being made so habitual to him as it was now 
become part of his nature/' are evidently borrowed 
firom the knight of La Mancha. In the adventure 
of the Quinten, that machine is fully described, and 
as a Shaksperian article "f is worth transcribing. 

^^ Sir Billy and his squire made the gentlemen to 
laugh heartily, who now consulted together upon 
what attempt to put this new-made knight : at last 
ihey agreed to set up a Quinten, which is a cross- 
bar turning upon a pole, having a broad board at 
the one end, and a bag full of sand hanging at the 
other. Now he that ran at it with hislaunce, if he 
hit not the board was laughed to scorn, and if he hit 
it full, and rid not the faster would have such a blow 
with the sand bagg on his back, as would sometimes 
beat them off their horses.'* [Exception is takea to 
the attack by. the hero as not being within the pale 
of errantry, but the squire is permitted to try his 
fortune.] ^^ The gentleman which encountered Sir 
Billy was the first that ran at the Quinten, who 

* This obsolete term created a discussion among the commen- 
tators on Shakspeare, bnt without any satisfactory result; and the 
following random conjecture may be also wide of the true ex- 
planation. The word gyb or jib is generally used by jockies or 
drivers when a horse will not take collar .in the brake ; up-hill» 
jaded ; or for any other reasoa. To associate this idea with the 
domestic manners of a cat must be to consider wantonnes forming 
a wrapper round the animal's neck, Irhereby it becomes distressed, 
and' after ineffectual trial for relief, being overwearied^ looks seden- 
tary and melancholy.. An invention of similar kind h described in 
the humoursome performance of GeQfirey Gambado, who designatef 
it a puzzle for a dog, and, I am informed, often used to break 9, 
young pointer to the scent. Reed's Shak. V. ii. 'p, 360. 
t lb. V. vMl. ^ 29, 193, 



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343 

performed the same with g^eat agility, riding with 
such swift speed as if his horse scorned to touch the 
ground, whereby he came off with great applause. 
The next that ran was a servant of the house, 
steward to the gentleman, who hitting the board too 
full e*er he could pass away, had such a blow with 
the sand-bag as almost felled him off his horse. Next 
Ricardo was 'persuaded to take his turn'' [who is 
exposed to laughter by his horse running away.]. 
Sir Billy was exceeding wroth at this disgrace of his 
squire, threatening revenge on all those who re- 
joiced in bis misfortune ; but the gentlemen pacified 
him all they could, telling him it was only the* for- 
tune of war, and though Knights-errant were of 
themselves invincible, yet their squires were not 
alfi^ays so. That therefore, it would be convenient 
for him to try the adveriture himself to recover the 
disgrace of his squire ; for though succouring dis- 
tr^sed ladies dnd killing of gyants were the main 
properties belonging to knights-errant, yet that they 
accustomed themselves also to justs and tourna- 
ments, which were near of kin to the Quinten. 
That he need not doubt but by the might of his 
invincible arms and the assistance of the lady of his 
affections, but he should«be victcfriousin whatsbever 
he went about. These and the like words so en- 
couraged Sir Billy, that he swore by the honour of 
his knighthood, he would encounter with the Quin- 
ten, although it were the devil himself. 

>^^ The gentlemen having now what they desired, 
soothed him up, until he was mounted on his Bellero- 
phon, for he would ride no other, profisssing that 
Bucephalus, the horse of King Alexander, was not 



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^ii^BXdM^ unte him ; 8p ti^ipg \a^ laupce iQto bis 
l^aod, be rid with ^ bit wight ^t the Quip^n, an4 
hjitUog ^1^6 board a fuU blow> brpught the ^and-b^g 
afeQttt with such force, ^s m^de biw nie5^9Vre hi9 
l^jigtb W the ground. Thi§ disgrace of the njaster 
CQ^Sied a ^uder laughter %h^n that of the ^ervaut^ 
^Vt tn Sir Bi\\j it wrought 8upb ^ba^ipe aud cou« 
fusion, as b)Bul almost bf^pi^bt in him all fiirtheir 
thoughts of knight-errantry ; wherefore the gentle- 
men, to keep up the humour, toJd him that tbi» .W9» 
done hj the envj of the incked necromancer S.otOy 
wbp w^s an utter epemj to aU kuigbts^errapt." 

I^be following description of a wedding is anmsing^ 
<^ In i^ost parts of £ssex it is. a comn^on cug^ook 
wben poor people marry, to make a kind of (i dffg^ 
hd^ng or man,ey-g^tbering> whjQh th^yr c^]^ « 
Wedding-dinper^ to which the^ invite T^g i(nd.99g» 
aW tbsit will come ; where, after dinner, upop suu?^ 
Q^p^ o^ tb« fidl^r, who ^Ateth forth bw yoi^ likfii 
1^ town qiyer, a table bei^g s^t forth, ^nd the brid^ 
s^^ simpering at the upper end of It ; tb(^ bridi?g|rooa^ 
standing bj with a white sheet overthw^i^t hia 
shoulders, as if he did peqance i^r the folly b^ 
^mmitli^d th^t.djay ; whilst the pi^plfi iftvitpd K^ it, 
Uke th^ aQl4i^r^ of? coqntry train-b^n<^, ^mrpbLltp 
to tb^ bride, present (their 'mQny> an^ whee) abPUJU 
Aft^r this offeriiig is oyer, then is a pair pf gloves 
laid P?\the t?iljle, most monstrously bed^iUbed aboirt 
with ribben, which ^y w;ay of q^qction i^ set to 9^ 
ajf; whP gives xpostt, and be whQse h^p is for to have 
tb^Wj *3A witb.4 ^y^ a^J^is* ®f ^^^ brfd^, w^Wcb 

iJWfly tiffit^p i^ not much wQi:tb, >^<JW^ hw b^^ 
^ ijot ^9 si^eefr^ftteA 9f,h^ ftlpi^e^f,*' 4[^ ^ 



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345 

Art, DXXXIII. BenHvoHo and Urania, in «> 
books. By Nathaniel Ingelo^ D. D. The second 
edition. Wherein all the obscure words throughout 
th&book are interpreted in the margin, which makes 
this much more delightful to read them the former 
edition. London, printed for T. Bring, J. Starkey, 
T. Basset, and are to be sold at their shops in Fleet-' 
street, 1669. fbl pp.391. 

Taia work ta divided iota tva parts^ of which, 
the first is dedicated to the ^^ Honourable WiUiaoi. 
3reretoa, Esq.** eldiest son, of XiOrd Breret^n ; aa4 
the teeond aon tQ John Eaid of Lauderdale. In 
the pi:eface> the author gi vea an account of the mo- 
tjyea ^i^bicb. induced him ^ undeitake a work of thj» 
QAture^ It is much to be bmented that his ex«K 
cation js not equ»l to the goodness of bis iatentioaB* 

Perceiving with regret, how bad the tendency of 
most works of fiction were in his dajs, the author's 
intention was to produce a romance, in wbich re- 
ligious and moral instruction should be conveyed in 
an amusitag f6rm. He seems, ftom some expressions 
in his prefkce, to thihk that he has succeeded in this , 
Assign. ^ For mj own part," says he, " I do not 
desire that all books should be as dull as miany are, 
and none composed, as all are not, to delight; but 
I wouM have that delight true, and the quickness 
not evaporate into lightness and vanity. Is there 
up jojr but huigbter i Doth nothing recreate but 
whAtis.^qlous?' Snob: as do opt lUie true bappii- 
M^», because itf.is 9, seriotts thing,, have 9 reasonaMov 
^ouL tiestowedr upon tbeia in v«in> and. weuid b«m 
bMn b^t^, pkm^ if <SrodUaA mad«t Unbiq worssi 



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346 

and more content if God bad not designed them to^ 
ao noble an end." 

The work itself is a religious allegorj, not much 
unlike the " PilgrinCs Progress^'* though very in- 
ferior to it, but in which the two principal cha- 
racter^, Bentivplio and Urania (i. e. Ooodwill and 
Heavenly -light) j9Lxe represented as perfect Christian 
characters. And thej travel through the world, 
being brother and sister, meeting with various ad- 
ventures, every where reproving vice and recom- 
mending virtue and piety. .All the places and 
{Persons have allegorical names, which are explained 
in the margin, alluding to their qualities. There 
is much ingenuity, learning, and goodness in it; 
but it is so completely dull and uninteresting as a 
narrative, that it requires no small degree of pa- 
tience and perseverance to tlravel through It. 

Oct. 7, 1808. P.M. 

Art. DLXXIV. . PztbUc Employment^ and an 
active Life prefer'd to Solitude^ and all its ajp* 
panagesy such as Fame^ Command^ Richesy Con* 
versaiiany Sfc. in reply to a late ingenious Essay 
of a contrary title. By 1. E. Esq. S.R.S. Lon-^ 
douy Printed by H. Herringham at the sigji of the 
Blew Anchor in the lower walk of the New Ex- 
changCy 1667. l^mo. 

This Essay was written by the celebrated John 
Evelyn, the author of *^ Sylva," and numerous 
other useful works, who was born 1620, and died 
1707, aetat. eighty-six, in answer to one, published 
in 1665, by Sir Oeorge Mackenzie, an eminent 



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347 * . 

Scotcfa writer, and lawyer, who was bom 1636, and 
died 1691. 

This little tract of 120 pages is dedicated by Mr. 
Evelyn to ^^ the Honourable Sir Richard Browne, 
Knt. and Bart, late Resident at the court of France, 
his honoured &ther-in-law." ^^ It is not the least 
part of his praise," says Lord Orford, in the beau- 
tiful character he has drawn of this author, ^^ that 
he who proposed to Mr. Boyle, the erection of a 
philosophic college for retired and speculative per- 
sons, had the honesty to write in defence of active 
life against Sir Greoi^e Mackenzie's Essay on Solu 
iude. He knew that retirement in his own hands 
^ was industry dnd benefit to mankind; but in those 
of others, laziness' and inutility." 

In this small volume are displayed much'learning, 
much pedantry, much ingenuity, and many solid 
reflections. The author remarks that' he has all the 
topics and discourses of almost all the philosophers 
who ever wrote against him, and that he is forced 
therefore to tread the most unfrequented and solitary 
paths. " Meantime, it were pretty," says^he, " if at 
last it should appear, that a public person has all this 
while contended for solitude, as it is certain, a pri- 
vate has done for action." ^* Whilst this ingenious 
author,^' continues Evelyn at Another place, " is 
thus eloquently declaiming against public employ- 
ment, fkme, command, riches, pleasure, conversation, 
and all the topics of his frontispiece, and would per- 
suade us wholly to retire from the active world; 
why is he at all concerned with the empty breath of 
feme-, and so very fond of it, that without remem- 
bering the known saying. Nemo eodem tempore 



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9iS 

assequi potest magnam fiiinfiiii et magnam quietem^ 
would have men celebrated for doing nothing? 
Vcrilj there is more of ambttion and empty glorjr 
in some solitudes and aflfected retreats, than in the 
most exposed and conspicaoud actions whatsoeTer» 
Ambition is not only in public places and pompous 
circumstances; but at home, and in the interior lil^ 
'Hermits themselves are not recluse enough to St- 
dude that subtle spirit yanitj : Gloriari otio kiers 
ambitio est. It is a most idle ambition lo va«iat 
of idleness,^ and but a mere boast to lie c<>ncealed 
too apparently ; since it does but proelaim a desire 
of being obs^ved. Wouldst thou be indeed retii^^ 
sajs the philosofAer, let no man knowit : ambitioa ^ 
is never* buried;, repressed it maj he, not ex- 
tinguished/' 

At page 77 is the following passage: <^As tar 
books I acknowledge with the philosopher^ otittm 
sine Uteris to be the greatest infelicity in the world; 
but OB the odier side, not thread men, and oonverse 
with living libraries, is to deprive oursdf es of th& 
most useful and profitable of studies* This is that 
deplorable defect which universally* r^nder» ouif 
bookish men so pedantically morose and impoUshed^ 
and in a word so^ very ridiculous : for, bdieire it, 
Sir, the wisest men are not made ift chambers^ simI 
closets crowded with shelves, but by habitudes and 
active conversations* There is' n^hifig more stupi* 
than some of these fMWfvfrotrawrm^ letter-sttuck men ; 
for yp«/^»T(» pafliri* Sn xat paOwkfiTcfr vom \h»v^ lettiW* 
iDgtshoaki not do mett ill aS&eeti^Justion is the propef 
fruit of scieHoe; a«id therefote tbe^ ^ould quit^tlM 
education di Ae cal^;^ wJien fit to* appeav in^bUii^^ 



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349 

nessy and take Seneca's advice, tarodiu istia im- 
morandum, quamdiu nihil agere animtis- magtius 
potest ; rudimenta sunt nostra^ non opera : and I 
am able to prove that persons of the most public 
note for great affkirs have stored the world with 
the modt of what it knows, even out of books them* 
selves : for such were Csssar, Cicero, Seneca, both 
tbePlinjs, Aristotle, .dSschylus, Sophodes, Plato, 
XenophoB, Po)ybitts; not to omit these of later 
ages, and reaching ^ven to our own doors, in our 
Sjrdaej, Yemhim, Raleigh^ the Count of Mrrandufa, 
Scaliger the fhther, Ticho Brache, Thttanus, Grotitis, 
tee. profound men of letters, and so active in their 
lives, as we shall find them to have managed the 
greatest of public chargfes, not onty of their native 
eountries, but some of them of the world itseK 
JCilan, ha».empl9jed two entire chapters expresdy 
to vnidicate philosophers fiiom the prejudices and 
aspejesions of those who, like our antagonists, deemed 
the stac^ of it mconsistent with their administration 
of public aflbirs.^ 

Sir George Macl^nzie ingenuously confesses, that 
men of letters are in constraint when thejr speak 
before great persons, and in company. ^ And can 
yo«i praiso solitude for this virtue T' cries Evelyn. 
^ Ok prodigious effect of learning ^ that those who 
have studied all their lives' time to speak, should 
tten be mme, when they have most occasion to 
•peak ! Loquere ut te videam, said die philosopher; 
but he woirid have men dumb and invisible too : 
the truth is, it is the only reproadr of men of letters^ 
Ihat^ for waM of liberal conversation, some of them 
uppeinr i» the world like sa many phantasms inrbfack, 



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350 

and by declining a seasonaUe exerting of themselves^ 
and their handsome talents, which use and conver- 
sation would cultivate and infinitely adorn, they 
leave' occasion for so many insipid and empty fops 
to usurp their rights, and dash them out of coun- 
tenance. Francis the first, that great and incom- 
parable prince^ as Sleidan calls him, was never 
brought up to letters, yet by the reading of good 
translations, the delight he took to hear leanied 
discourses, and his inviting of scholars to converse 
frediy with him upon all subjects and occasions, he 
became not only very eloquent, but singularly 
knowing. For this doubtless it was, that Plutarch 
composed that express treatise amongst his Morals, 
'^ Philosophandum esse cum Principibus,^' where he 
produces us several rich examples of these profitable 
effects: and indeed, says one, a philosopher ought 
not to be blamed for being a courtier, and that we 
now and tl^en find them ' in thQ company of great 
and opulent persons ; nor impin'ts it, that you sel- 
dom see their visits returned, since it is a mark he 
knows what he wants of accomplishments, and of 
their ignorance, who are so indifferent for the ad- 
vantages they may derive fi^m their conversations. 

<^ But I might proceed to shew you, not only 
what makes our learned book-worms come forth o^ 
their cells with so ill a grace into company, but pre- 
sent you likewise with some of .the most specious 
fruits of their so celebrated recesses; were it not 
better to receive what I would say firom the lively 
character, which Seneca has long since given us of 
them. In earnest, marvellous is the pains, which 
some of them take after an empty criticism^ to. hav# 



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351 

the points of Martial and Juyenal ad un^em ; the 
scraps of the ancient poets to produee upon occa- 
sion. Some are for roots, genealogies, and blassons; 
can tell you who married who, what his great 
grandfather was, and the portion that came from his 
aunt. This was of old, sajs Seneca, the epidemical 
disease for men to crack their brains • to discover 
bow many oars Ulysses.' galley carried ; i^hether it 
were first written " Ilias" or " Odyssea ;" and a 
profound student amongst the learned Romans 
would recount to you who was the -first victor at 
sea ; when elephants came into use at triumphs ; and 
wonderful is the concern about ^^ caudex" for the 
derivation of ^^ codices^' '' caudicarius" &c. ^' 6el« 
Jius" or <^ Agellius," « YergUius" or " Virgilius," 
with the like trifles that make men idle, busy« indeed^ 
not better. Yet are these amongst the considerable 
efiect3 and rare productions of Recess, Solitude, and 
JSooks ; and some, have grown bid in the learnings 
and been greatly admired for it. But what says pur 
philosopher to it ? Cijyus isti errores minuent ? 
Cujua cupiditates prement, quem fortiorem, quern 
justiorem, quem liberatiorem facient? Who is the 
better, less covetous, more valiant, just, or liberal 
for them? I tell you Fabianus preferred ignorance 
before this unprofitable science; and certainly, 
therefore, useful and public employment is infinitely 
superior to it. If needs we will be learned out of 
books only, let it be in something more useful ; qui 
fructuosa, non qui multa scit, sapit; for it b no 
paradox to affirm a man may be learned and know 
but little; and that the greatest clerks are not al* 
ways the wisest men. The Greek orator^ Isocrates^ 



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35S * 

ghfCB us this deseription of useAdly knowing men. 
Reckon not those, ^ys he^ for phildsophers, whom 
you find to be acate dispntants, and that tan contest 
about everf minute scruple ; but those who dis- 
course pertinently of tb^ most important affiiirs; 
who do not entertain men about a ^icttj to which 
they can neter arrive; but such as speak modestly 
of themselves, and neither want courage por address 
en all einergencies ; that ore not in the least dis- 
compotod with the common accidents of life; but. 
thdt stand unshaken aihongst all vicissitudes, and 
tan with moderation 8Upp<Mrt both good and adverse 
fbrtnne ; in sum, who am At fof action, not dis- 
couraged, or meditating retreats upon every cross 
adventure^ To this purposs^ the orator f but neither 
w*ottld I by ihk be thought to dtsc^unteminee eveil 
dris kind of erudition, which more than any 6thef is 
the effect of solitude, smd very gteat leisure, not t6 
oiH it pedantrf; much less bookish dUd sttrdiotis 
persons, who would prove the most dear to prfnees 
and great men^ of all other ebnversations, hs^d they 
sn^ generous encouragements, s» might sometitne^ 
invite them to leave their beloved recesses, ai^ dM 
those great philosophers, whom we^hav^ brought oti 
iSte sta^. But we bestow moi^ now a-day6 in 
podfiting 1^ scene, and the etpem^e of ft ridicutotts 
ftrree, than in rewafdhig of the poet, or ft good 
Mstorian, whose laurels no kmgeir thrive and ^re 
vwdant than they are irriguous and under showers 
of gold, and tbeconstenationsl of orowns, ht which 
#key gini immortality even to crowns theihsdv^d* 
I^or what woufd there remdinf of' so nmny pyiUmidis 
Md obe&afcs ot marUe, so niAiy fttnplUthi^i^, 



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SS3 

tircBj coloweg, and enormous pomps, if books and 
book-men aere perenoiores, did not preserve them to 
posterity ! If und^r heaven then there be any tbinf 
great) and that approaches eternity, it is from their 
bands, who bave managed the pen t 'tis from their 
labours, ye great ones, that you seek io live, and are 
not forgotten as the dust you lie mingled with. 
Never had we heard of Achilles but fi>r poor Ho«> 
mer.; never of the exploits of thousands more, but 
from the l>ooks and writings of learned men, who 
have it in their power to give more lustre to their 
heroes, than their crowns and purple ; and can with 
one dash of their pen kill more dead than a stab 
with a stiletto." 

Bat perhaps I cannot do justice to Mr. Evelyn 
without copying the greater part of his conclusion. 

^^ Let us. therefore," says be, ^* rather celebrate 
public employment, and anactive life, which renders 
ua so nearly allied to virtue, defines and maintains 
our being, supports societies, preserves kingdoms in 
peace; protects them in war; has discovered new 
worlds, planted the gospel, encreases knowledge, 
cultivates arts, relieves the afflicted; and, in sum^ 
without which the whole universe itself had been 
still but a rude and indigested chaos. Or, if you 
bad rather see it represented in picture, behold here 
a Sovereign sitting in his august assembly of Par- 
lianient, enacting wholesome laws : next him, my 
Lord Chancellor and thcf rest of the reverend judges 
and magistrates dispensing them for the good of the 
people. Figure to yourself a Secretary of State, 
making his dispatches and receiving intelligence ; a 
atatesman countermining sofie pernicious plot 

TOL. VI. A A 



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354 

against the oommonwealtk : here a g^ieral braveljr 
embattling his forces and fanqunhing his enemy : 
therift a colony planting an islaiMl) and a barbarous 
and 8<rfitary nation reduced to civility ; cities^ 
houses, forts, ships, building for society, shelter, 
defence, and commerce. In another table the ppor 
relieved and set at work, the nahed clad, the op* 
pressed delivered, the malefactor punished, the 
laboiu«r busied, and the whole world employed far 
benefit of mankind : in a word, behold I]im in the 
nearest resemblance to his Almighty Maker, always 
in action and always doing good. 

'< On the reverse no^, represent to yourself the 
goodliest piece of Creation, sitting on a cushioa 
picking his teeth ; his country gentleman taking 
tobacco, and sleeping after a gDi|;eous meal i there 
walks a conten^plator like a ghost in a chureh^yard, 
or sits poring on a book while his bmij stanrest 
here lies a gallant at Ae foot of bis pretty feiaaH 
sighing and looking babies in her eyes^ whiVst die is 
reading the last new romance and laughs at his folly : 
OB yonder rock an andiorite at his beads 4 tiiepe 
onepidiiog daisies, another playing at puslv-pin; 
and abroad the young poacher with his dog and kite 
breaking his neighbour's hedges, or trampling over 
his corn for a bird not worth sixpence: this sits 
lousing himself in the sun ; that quivering in die 
cold : here one drinks poison, another hangs him* 
self; for all these, and a thousand, more seem to 
prefer solitude and an inactive life as the most happy 
and eligible state of it. And thus have you land- 
scape for yow landed^. 

<' Tll6re8iA:of aiUiiE^ sdiitiideprodu^asjgiionMK^ 



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855 

rendterft w ^artarousy feeds reteiig^e, lAigposes to 
^nvy^ cneatoB nitcbes, dispeoples the world, renders 
it n desert) and would soon dissolve it. And, if 
aflerall tUs, yet he admit not an a«ti?e life to he 
bj infinite dej^reesteore noUe; let the gentlemaa, 
whose ftrst ^ontMiplatiTo pieee be prodCices to 
estabhsb his discourse, confute him by hhs example; 
since I am confident there li^ritot a pnerson in the 
world, whose moments are more employed than 
Mr. Boyle's, and that more confirms his concern- 
plattoffs fay his actions and experience: and M^ it 
be •bject^d that his employments are not paiblic, I 
am assare him there is nothing more poblie^ than 
the good he isr ahri^ doing.'' 

By this sammaiy Mr. Bvelyn- ha^ tk^vm the 
AHagr of bis own cause. He has represented *adl 
Ihe best nses of an adtive li(b, and opposed them 
to the abuses 6( solitude. The praises of soUlude, 
as be has already re«ia«4(ed, have been tbe /theme 
of philosophers afiri poets in all ages. On such a 
theme therefore it would be impertinent and pre* 
smnptuoas for the preserrt writer to dilate : more 
espeeift^lly as th« Engtttfh language afford Esssays on 
tiie subject, whvch in pioint of simple ete^ance of 
ityle, of sincerity of opinion, and force of sentiment 
and inftau^y have iiet«r yet been equalled. It is 
tmedless perhaps ^ adid that 4he prose diseoorses 
oSCowky ore aflitdted to. Wh^t a compliment tolhe 
Mases, that the best poet^ have also been* th^ best 
writers of prosit Witness Goitley, Dryden, Addi; 
sod, and Oowpisr. This last poet has also abeaiiiirul 
^m on Retirenietit, which would fiirhiA^aattODg 
UiWte «d fiyt^lyiu And ^Bimkemm'u i^y «n 
A a9 



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856: 

Solitude, which has been so des^veAy p^opultr in 
this kingdom for the last twelve or fourteen years, 
though perhaps ^a little too tautologous, abounds 
in every part with arguments and reflections in op- 
position to those of our Essayist. 
a Why should solitude be passed in torj^r, or even 
in trifling ? Nothing can be more unfair than the 
comparison of a doe and virtuous activity in public 
life with a vicious or at least foolish occupation of 
th* days of retirement ! If a public and private man 
ilK^idd each make an ill use oTthe opportunities of 
•liis station, I canno^ help thinking that the public 
man would be the worst, because his mischief would 
be the most extensive : oii the contrary there, are 
many, beneifits which the solitary man has an op- 
portunity of conferring, of a more permanent and 
wider nature, than, the highest public situation af- 
fords scope to perform* Perhaps I cannot give a 
more apposite instance than Bacon. "What has 
rendered his name sacred to posterity i What are 
the benefits which he bestowed on mankind ? Not 
the works of a Politician and a Chancell<H*; but of a 
retired student ! If it be objected that the duties of 
the former he abused ; and executed those of the 
latt^ with incomparaUe exertion of talents and 
industry ; I desire that these immortal firuits may be 
compared with the asost honest and able professional 
acts of any Chancellor whom <Hur Imtory records. . 

The truth is, that the finest ikculties are least 
adapted to tiie bustle and activity of the world. 
The kiadness of Providence has ordained, that 
capacitwa of a less rare and coarser texture should 
be suScitit ta cany on the <Nrdinary business of 



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357 

societj. A nice inspection of the characters of 
mankind will, I think, incontestable prove this. Men 
of the highest genius have sometimes been (breed 
into the vortex of public employment, but it ap« 
pears to me that their conduct there, if nicelj 
examined, will not disprove my assertion. Their 
speeches, and certain brilliant ebullitions, which 
alone survive the occasion, and which they might 
have excelled in their closets, stand forth to mislead 
us ; but if we examine their cotemporaries, and 
those whose nearness gives some authority to their 
opinions,, we shall hear them secretly confess, that, 
in the daily routine of practice, many whom we very 
justly esteem to have had very ordinary intellects, 
by &r excelled them. 

" The path of pleasure,'* says Zimmerman, 
<^ leads us to the world ; the rude and rugged way 
is the road to honour. The one. conducts you 
through society to places and employments either 
in the city or at court ; the other, sooner or later, 
will lead yo^ into solitude. Upon the one road^ 
you will perhaps become a villain ; a villain ren* 
dered dear and interesting by your vices to society. 
Upon the other road^ it is true, you may be hated 
and despised ; but you will become a man. The 
rudiments of a great character must be formed in 
solitude. It is there alone that the solidity of 
thought, the fondness for activity, the abhorrence of 
indolence, which constitute the hero and the sage, 
are first acquired." 
Cowper in his ^ Retirement," beautifuUy says ; 
*' Thus conscience pleads her cause witLin the breast, 
Tboagh long rebelled against, not yet sappress'd^ 



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And call a creature form'd for God alone, 

For heaven's high purposes^ and not bis own, 

Call« him away from selfish ends and aims, 

^rom what debilitates and what inflames, 

From cities humming with a restless crowd. 

Sordid as active, ignorant as loud ; 

Whose highest praise is that they live in vain. 

The dupes of pleasure, or the slaves of gain. 

Where works of man are clustered close around. 

And works of God are hardly to be found. 

To regions where in spite of sin and woe. 

Traces of Eden are still seen below ; 

Where mountain, river, forest, field, and grove. 

Remind him of his Maker's power and love.*' ' 

I will once more quote Zimmerman — " Solitude," 
says he, ^^ is. the school in which we niust stud^ the 
moral nature of man: in retirement, the principle 
of observation is awakened ; the objects to which 
the attention will be most advantageously directed 
are pointed out by mature reflection, and all our 
remarks guided by reason to their proper ejida; 
while, pn the contrary, courtiers and men, of the 
world, * take up their sentiments from the c^price^ 
(Mothers, and give their .opinions witfiqut digesting 
the subject on which they are formed*" 

But why, perhaps Mr. £velyn would say, is oc- 
casional solitude inconsistent with the most active 
employ ment&P The statesman retires to his country- 
seat, carrying with him the materii^s of a busy life 
to brood over and digest — and the very contrast 

* PBfliap» tlM moM original thiaker, amoDf the public^ men of 
ih^ pre^^Df day, i^ Mr. Wiodliain; this trutl^ extorts^ nhH^ 1 Jim 
Ht from coincidiaii; in nil bis political opinion*. 18oaw 



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359 

renders the pleasures of the new scene doubly de- 
ligfatfid* 

Hear again a passage of Cowper, in answer to 
this! 

" Yet how fallacious is all earthly bliss j . 
What obvious truths the wisest heads may miss ! * 
SoVne pleasures live a month, and some a year. 
But short the date of all we gather here, 
Nor happiness is felt except the true. 
That does not charm the mere for being new* 
' This obsenratioD, as k chanced, oet made. 
Or if the thought ocourr'd, not duly weighed. 
He sighs— for after all by slow degrees. 
The spot he lov'd has lost the power to please ; , - 
To cross his ambling poney day by day. 
Seems at the best but dreaming life away ; 
The prospect such as might enchant despair. 
He views it .not, or sees no beauty there ; 
With aching heart and discontented looks. 
Returns at noon, to billiards or to books. 
But feels, while grasping at his faded joys, 
A secret thirst of his renounc'd employs. 
He chides the tardiness of every post. 
Pants to be told of battles won or lost. 
Blames his own indolence, observes though late, 
Tis criminal to leave ^ sinking state. 
Flies to the levee, and received with grace. 
Kneels, kisses hands, and shines again in place.^ 

But observe the description^ which Cowley gives 
of a man who dedicates his life to a proper retire* 
ment. 

<< The filnl work that a man must do to make 
himself capable of the good of solitude^ is the very 



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eradicatiog,of all lusts ; for how is it possible for 8 
man to enjoy himself, while his affections are tied 
to things without himself? In the second place, he 
must learn the art and get the habit of thinking ; 
for this too, no less than, well-speaking, depends 
upon much practice; and cogitation is the thing 
which distinguishes the solitude of a god from a 
wild beast. Now because the soul of man is not 
hy its own nature or observation furnished with 
sufficient materials to work upon, it is necessary for 
it to have continual recourse to learning and books 
for fresh supplies, so that the solitary life will grew 
indigent, and be ready to starve without them ; but 
if once we be thoroughly engaged in the love of 
letters, instead of being wearied with the length of 
any day, we shall only complain of the shortness of 
our whole life. 

** O vita, stulto longa, sapienti brevis * T 
O life, long to the fool, short to the wise ! 

, The first minister of state has not so much business, 
in public, as a wise man has in private: if the one 
have little leisure to be alone, the other has less 
leisure to be in company ; the one has but part of 
the affairs of one nation, the other all the works of 
God and nature under his consideration. There is 
no saying shocks me so much as that which I hear 
very often, ^^ That a man does not know how to pais 
his time.'' It would have been but ill-spoken by 
Methusalah in the nine hundredth sixty «ninth year 
of his life; so &r it is firom us, who have not time 
enough to attain to the utmost perfection of any 

♦ «< O vita, ini^eiro lopgi, fclici breyi» ."• 



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part of any science, to have cause to complain that 
we are forced to be idle for want of work." 

Amongst the various and chequered lots, indeed^ 
of human life, none can be imagined to approach so 
near to happiness as that of him, who, possessing an 7^ 
easj and independent fortune, can indulge an ardent 
tbtrst for literature in the quiet of rural solitude. 
Instances have occurred of men of great and culti- 
vated talents, who firom some accidental habits in 
early life, or some mental or bodily infirmity, ap-* 
pear to have contemplated such a lot with less 
complacence. But those instances are surely rare. 
It was the weakness in the mind of Johnson, 
a weakness which we cannot recollect without 
/finding him in some. degree depreciated in our 
esteem. But it was the eflpect of a morbid melan- 
choly, which was the great disease of his life. 

Whenever this powerful and eloquent moralist 
talked of the country and of rural imagery,* this 
lamentable taint infected his taste and judgment 
Hence arose his disgraceful criticism on the Lycidas 
of Milton ; hence arose many of his cold and unjust 
opinions on our modern poets. But such is the 
inconsistency of the human intellect, that two papers 
of this Author's Rambler, No. 37 and 38, fornish 
two of the best Essays on the principles of pastoral 
poetry, any where to be found. Perhaps it may not 
be deemed inconsistent with the miscellaneous na- 
ture of this work, and this article, in which it is 
intended to mix reviews and extracts of ancient 
works with modern disquisitions and original ef- 
fusions, to insert in this place some introductory 
Jioes to a set of Pastorfib proposed to be written 



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in the manner recommended bj this great^ but 
unequal, critic Pastoral^ sajt he, beipg the re- 
presentation of an action or passion, hy its effects 
upon a country life, admits of all rapks of persons, 
because persons of all ranks inhabit the country. It 
excludes not therefore, on account of the characters 
necessary to be introduced, any elevation or dignity 
of sentiment : those ideas only are improper, which 
not owing their original to rural objects, are not 
pastoral. 

These lines were written nearly two and twenty 
years age, by a very young man scarcely of age. 

Introductory Address to the Muses. 

(FROM EDWIN AND HSNRT. A PASTOBAIf.) 

Ye sacred Powers, who lift your lyres on high 
To join the living choms of the sky ! 
Stoop from the clouds — (for oft by secret hitl» 
Or haunted stream, the poef s ear to fill . 
With lofty song, ye deign'd of old,) and raise . 
My lowly thoughts to bhaon Nature's praise! 
You, holy Muses, you, from childhood's dawn. 
With ceaseless love, on mountain, vtale, or lawn. 
Have I piirsu'd>and oft at Cynthia's gleam. 
By sacred fount have watch'd to meet your biiam. 
And from yoor hands to drink th' iuflpiring atr€am< 
(For not alone £rom out the clouds you hold 
With bards high converse — ^bat on earth unfold-^) 
Then with your heavenly flame my breast inspitey 
And ne'er, Q ne'er may I degrade the fire t 
Teach me with nature's scenes^ by Nature's plan. 
To soothe, exalt, or melt the heart of man> [began. 
And where she strikes, enforce, and lead where she 



} 



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dps 

To the fine eye, wbora Natafe'» beauty warmik 

Tho' faint io beavenliest song appear bet charms^ 

Yet Nature others view with dimmer sigbt ; 

Her ricbness seems to tbem confused deHght: 

Faint as tbe scenes intrude upon their eyes, 

Unmark'd, tbe Passions in their bosom rise. 

O teach me; Muses, to select, arrange. 

Enforce, an^ fit tbem to each passion's change ; 

With chearfui scenes to fill the joyless mind. 

With tender images the pensive bind : 

Again, when Wonder wakes at Fancy's nod. 

Bolder to strike tbe strings, and lead it on to God. 

Ye sacred maids, begin ! tho' rural joys, 

Tbo' rural beauty all ray songs employs. 

Not lowly shepherds' thoughts debase my strain. 

Can shepherds only haunt thermrat phun t 

Theirs ia the life' to kealthAil labour bounc^ 

The bracing air by da^, at nigbt the shtmber sound; 

But not tW exalted iiiiad.***-Let those, who will. 

With, thoughts 6o mean their huiaUe venesfili. 

Far, far below the Iffty Muses' skiU ! 

Of ewry. age the wisest and the best. 

For hiih of state, or of the Muses, ble^t. 

'Mid woods and streams and <)uiet vakft have sought 

For peace of mind, and liberty of thought 1 

And yonder see my thoughtful friend appeara; 

Wan are his looks, tho' youthful are his years : 

Yet in these shades a dawn of comfort springs, 

And Peace hangs o'er him with her soothing wingsi 

Hail to my Henry ; in tfaoae tearful eyes, 

My hopes see gleams of pensive pleasure rise ! 

Have not iht^ glorious scenes, my Henry, power 

To gild tiM eloMk that in thy bosom bur I — 

Ere yet the golden orb of day no mere 

His yellow lustre streami the meadows o'er; 



} 



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While here we sit, the still and frdgrant Eve 
Shall soothe the si^bs, that in thy bosom heave ; 
The low by fits from 'mid the grazing herd, . 
The parting hymn of the melodious bird ; 
The tinkling of the fold upon the hill ; 
The dying murmurs of the sounds, that fill 
. The neighbouring village, who, as labour 's o'er. 
Play on the green, or prattle round the tteor : 
These sounds, that are to Pensive ears attun'd. 
My Henry's solemn grief can never wound ! — 

It is time that this article should draw to a close ; 
perhaps mj readers will say, it was already time, 
before the introduction of a fragment, which so little 
belongs to it. But that fragment is iu praise of the 
solitude, and the scenery, which the writer is anxious 
to defend against the attacks of Evelyn ; attacks in 
which it ig scarcely possible to bdieve the amiaUe 
and accomplished author of the Discourse on Forest 
Trees, (and so many other ingenious treatises, the 
result of his own happy and well-occupied retire- 
ment,) sincere. Above all, can we bdieve him to 
be sincere in these sentiments, to whom, Cowley 
himself dedicated his exquisite discburse entitled 
^^ the Garden," and to whom the inimitable poet 
sp^ks in Ithese words i 

Happy art thou, whom God does bless 
With the full choice of thine own happiness ; 

And happier yet, because tbou'rt blest 

With prudence how to chuse the best : 
In books and gardens thou hast plac'd aright 

(Things which thou well dost understand. 
And both dost make with thy laborious hand). 

Thy noble, innocent delight ; 



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Anil in thy virtuous wife, where thou again dost meet 
Both pleasures more refin'd and sweet ; 

The fairest garden in her looks. 

And in her mind the wisest books. 
Oh, who would cirange these soft, these solid joys, 

For eofipty shows, and senseless noise ; 

And all which rank ambition breeds. 
Which seem such beauteous flowers, and are toch 
poisonous weeds ! 



Art. DLXXy. Essays upon several Moral Sub' 

jecls hy Sir George Mackenzie^ Knight. To which 

is prefixed some account of his Life and Writings. 

London. 8vo. Printed for D. Brawny G^ Strabany 

Sfc. 1713. 

Sir G. Mackenzie, of-whoni an account is given 
in Wood's jitheme Oxoniensesj wm born at Dundee 
in the countj of Angus, 1636. His father was 
Simon Mackenzie, brother to the Earl of Seaforth, 
and his mother Elizabeth the daughter of Dr. An- 
drew Bruce, Rector of the University of St. Andrew. 
He was such an early proficient in learning, that 
when he was about ten years old, he had read his 
grammar and the best classic authors, so that he 
was thought fit at that age to be sent to the Univojit- 
sity of Aberdisen. He died at his lodgings in St. 
James's Street, Westminster, May 8, 1691. Among 
various other works, he was the author of AreUnOf 
a Romance, 8vo. and hath also, fiays Wood, left 
behind him about 14 MSS. of his own composition, 
which in good time may see the light. - 



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Art. DLXXVI. The displaying of supposed 
Witchcraft. Wherein it is affirmed that there are 
many sorts of deceivers and impostersj and divers 
persons under a passive delusion ofmeUmcholy and 
fancy. But that there is a corporeal league made 
betwixt the Devil and the Witchy or that he sucks 
en the WUches^ body^ has carnal copulation^ or that 
Witches are turned into cats^ ^gh ^^^^ tempests^ 
or the likcy is utterly denied and disproved. Where* 
in also is handled^ the existence of angels and 
spirits^ the truth of apparitions^ the nature of astral 
and sydereat spirits, the force of charms and phiU 
fers; voith other abstruse matters. By John Web* 
ster, Practitioner in Phi/sick. Falste etenim opi* 
niones hominum prasoccupantes, non solum surdosj 
sed if cascos faciuntj ita ut videre nequ&antj* qucs 
aJiis perspiam apparent. Crokn. Lib. 8. De 
Comp, Med. London : Printed by J, M. mfvd are 
to be sold by Vie Booksellers in London. 1677* Fd. 
pp. S46» , . . 

This work is dedicated to *^ his worshipful and 
honoured friends Thomas Parker of Brusholme, 
John Asheton of the Lower-Hall, William Drake 
of Barnoldswick coat, William Johnson of the 
Grays, Henry Marsdoh of (^isbome, Esquires, and 
his Majeiittes Justices of Peace and Quorum in the 
West-RMingf of Yorkshire." This is followed by a 
Prefax:e &r Introduction. In these the author states 
that he had for many years lived a solitary and 
sedentairy Kfe ^ mihi et Musis,^' excepting his phy- 
sical practice, ^rtiicfa age and inlBrmhfes if 6ttld not 



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suffer him ttuch to attend. And he affirms that he 
was indoced to write upon this abstruse subject to 
counteract the efifects of Dr. Casaubon's " Treatise 
proring spirits anrf witches," &c. (Dr. Dee's Con- 
ferences with Spirits) and Mr. GlanviFs ^^ Saddu- 
cismus triumphatus, or a blow at modern Saddu- 
cism," &c. 

I'he work is written with much piety, learning, 
acuteness and strength of argument, and particu- 
larly examines all those passages of scripture which 
have been thought to countenance the vulgar idea 
of the power of witches and evil spirits. He inquires 
with especial minuteness into all the circumstances 
of the apparition of Samuel to Saul at Endbr, and 
concluded, with strong appearance of reason, that 
diere was no reality in the £incied vision ; that the 
devil had nothing to do with it ; and that the whole 
was an imposture of the supposed witch, <^ either 
alone or with a confederate," aided by the fears and 
superstition of the royal inquirer. 
' But Webster himself holds sohie opinions, to which 
the •philosophers of the present day will not lye in- 
clined to assent; though, in duV own times, they 
seem to have been revived by the now exploded 
^pMCtiee of ammtd magnetism. He asserts that 
^' tlie force of imagination" accompanied with any 
strong pasaoii '^ can at distance worit upon another 
body;" and this he says, ^^ is strongly proved by 
this learned aratthor" (Helmont). He quotes atdo 
anoAer ^ learoed, though less vulgaerly known 
'author,*' (Medkim Magnetica^ pf. 14, Sec.) to prdve 
these three prqiositiens; 1. << The soul is not only 
\m lAt proper vraible body^ but also H4tlK>ut it; 



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neither is it circumscribed in an organical body* 9. 
The soul worketh without, or beyond its proper 
body comroonlj so called. 3. From every body 
flow corporeal beams, by which the ioul worketh 
by its presence, and giveth them energle and power 
of working ; and these beams are not only corporeal, 
but of divers parts also.** So in another place he 
quotes many authors to prove that ^^ the whole Soul 
doth go quite forth of the body and wander into fiur 
distant places, and there not only see what things 
are done, but also to act something for itself/' Th^ 
last notion has been brought by some persons in ord^t 
to explain the theory of dreams. 

There is another curious and not generally known 
opinion expressed by Webster, though, says he, 
^^ it is neither new, nor wants authors of sufficient 
credit and learning to be its patrons." This is the 
belief that man, instead of being composed only of 
body and soul, is to be divided in reality into thred 
parts J body, soul, and spirit; in Greek 4^x^' 
vvfv/Aos I»j(A»; in Latin, anima, spiritus, corpus; 
in Hebrew, Nepbesb, ruah, nibkh. He derives 
this opinion ftomretj remote antiquity, but does 
not quote Homer for it, who is supposed to. have 
alluded to this theory in the case of Hercules, whose 
body was in the grave, whose image or. ci JwXoir, 
was in the regions 6f the departed, and whose soul 
was in heaven. (See note on Pope's Odyssey, XL 
743.) But ho strengthens his argument by much 
Ugher authority, and quite conclusive if it be deem- 
ed applicable to the cause in question; this is from 
the fifth chapter of the first Epistle to the Thessa* 
lonians, v. 23. 1 fray God your whole spirky md 



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969 

joir/, and body be prtserced blamelas^ 4*c.y and it id 
remarkable that both Haniniond and Wbitbj inter- 
pret this text in the sense in which our author un« 
derstands it. 

The sum of what Webster sajs upon this subject 
is as follows ; and with which extract I shall con« 
dude my account of this singularly ingenious and 
sensible work. ^ 80 that it is most evident that 
there are not only three essential and distinct parts 
in man, as the gross body, consisting of earth and 
water, which at death returns to the earth again ; 
.the sensitive and corporeal soul, or astral spirit^ 
consisting of fire and air, that at death wandereth 
in the air, or near the body;^ and the immortal 
and incorporeal soul that immediately returns to 
God who gave it; but also that after death they all 
three exist separately; the soul in immortality, and 
the body in the earth, though sooii consuming; and 
the astral spirit that wanders ih the air, and without 
doubt doth make these strange appositions, motions, 
and bleedings." ' P.M. 



Art. DLXXVII. The Manners and Customs of 
the princtpal Nat,ions of Europe. Gathered toge* 
ther by the particular obsemUion of James Salgadoy 
a Spaniard^ in his Travels through those Countries; 
and translated into English by the Author'* s cart, 

* <* Sach mra those thick and gloomy shadows damp 
Oft seen in charnel vanlts and sepulchres, 
Lingering and sitting by a wm made gra?e. 
As loth to leave the hody that it lor'd.'^ 

CoKas. 
TOI*. Tl« B B 



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370 

Anno 1694. London^ printed hy T. Sn&wdm^ fat 
the Author. 1-684. pp. 4. Fdio. 

This little ti:act displays great discrimination of 
character in the various manners and peculiarities of 
the German, Englishman, Frenchman, Italian, and 
Spaniard, in counsel/ &ith, love, stature^ clothes, 
science, &c. &c. ' 

The original Latin, and its translation, are print* 
ed in parallel columns \ and the following selection 
xsa^ be sufficient to shew the genius of the work ; 
which is rather satirical^ and often severe bn the 
Spaniards. 

. InFUk. 

Germantts retinetpromissUmt tKfflklit Abgla^t 
£8se levem Ganum froof prahnti ttaUa 

Reipidt ot Centrum sua commoda: Nee dubkaimift 
Hispaoi Geahitti dicere frttde nafauD. 

tn Faith. 

The German'; firm ; the English doth distrust ; 
The French unstable^ light as summer's dust; 
The Italian does, as inf rest bids, believe ; 
The Spaniards faith is, that he may deceive. 

In Ammo Sf Audacia. 

Ursa elenim es. Germane, ftrox ; Ac, at Leo sttvus^ 
Anglia; Galle, quidca nunc Aqmihua sequeHi ; 

Itale, tu spectas cauts vestigia Vulpis; 
Hispanosq, Elephas, ponderfl magna feret 

Im Qmrage and MituL 
Rough like a bear, the Germans seem to us ; 
Like lions the Englisb, great and generous ; 



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*Q«ioli pkning eagle-like the French ; do lest 
Th' Italian fox-ttke, tbrit^s by eraftmefts ; 
The Sflaaiard bears ati eWph«nt4ike state, 
M^estic, slew, grave, an4 dellberatei 
Birmingkm^ W. H. 



AjtT. DLXXyill. Notices of Salgado. 

Salgado, the author of " The Manners and 
Customs of the principal Nations of Europe," of 
which an account has been given in the preceding^ 
article, published also the following tracts. 

** The Romish Priest turned Protestant, with (te 
Reasons of his Conversion. Wherein the True 
Church is exposed to tde view of Christians, and 
derived out of the Holy Scriptures, Sound Reason, 
and the Ancient Patners. Humbly presented to 
both Houses of Parliament. By Jame^ Salgado, a 
Spaniard, formerly a Priest of the Order of the 
Dominicans. London : Printed fi[>r Tho. Cockerill 
at the Three Legs in the Poultry, over against the 
aftocks-Markef, 1679." 4to. 31 pages. 

*^ A Conf [e jssion of Faith, in Latine.^ By James 
Salgado, a Spaniard, and sometimes a Priest in the 
Church of Rome. Londini : Anno Domini 1680." 
4to. II pages. To this is affixed " An Account of 
my Life and Sufferings ^ince I forsook the Romish 
Religion; in a letter to Dr. H. S."t 4to. 4 pages. 

From this last pamphkt the following particulary 
may be learned respecting hihi Reihoving from 

B B 9 



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liis native country into France, he was entartiined 
by tbe Rer. Monsieur Drelincourt, who advised 
hiniy for safety, (having pnblidy renounced popery) 
to go into the United Provinces. He then settled 
at the Hague as a teacher of the Spanish language, 
but not succeeding, from his ignorance of Dutch, 
he returned to Paris. Here he concealed himself 
among the members of the Reformed Church, but 
some of his own countrymen who were attendants 
on the Queen of France, a Spaniard by birth, dis* 
covered him, and by their means he was taken into 
custody, sent back to Spain and put into the Inqui- 
sition, where he lay a year, undergoing a monthly 
examination, but at last made his el^cape. Being 
retaken, he was again thrown into prison, and, 
after a confinement of five years more, was sentenced 
to the galleys, for his dereliction firom the church of 
Rome. 

In the galleys he endured for twelve months <' the 
miseries that attend slaves at the oar, chains^ naked- 
ness, stripes, thirst, hanger, vermine, and sickness,** 
till the surgeon and other oiBcers of the galley, 
wherein he was, represented him to the inquisitor- 
general ^^ as a person not only useless, but noysome 
to theoi) and the other slaves.*' He was then sent 
to the hospital at Murcia, and afterwards removed 
to the convent Escaping thence into France, he 
staid at Lyons about a year; when, not finding 
himself safe, he sought an asylum in England, Where 
it is likely he concluded his ^^ eventful history/* 
Salgado was evidently a man of ability and learn- 
ing. He speaks of his knowledge of Latin, French, 



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aotf Italian, in addition to his native tongue, and 
appears to have {m>ciired a subsisteiice in this countrjr 
hj teadiing those languages. 
Birwdngkam, dt^utt 10» 1807. Wm. Hamper. 

Aax. DLXXIX. Modem Account of Scotland; 
being an exact description of the Country ^ and a 
true CharoJCter of the Peopk and their Manners. 
Written from thence hy an English Gentleman. 
Printed in the year 1679. 4to. pp. 17. 

Tuis curious work was written in so splenetic a 
disposition, and contains many circumstances of so 
singular a nature, that the author naturally con- 
fined its circulation, by not permitting it to be pub* 
lished, and also concealed his name from prudential 
motives* This omission, however, has been sup- 
plied in MS. in the copy from whence this descrip- 
tion is taken, and ^^ tiie English Gentleman'' ap« 
. pears to have been Thomas Kirke, of Crookwige 
in Yorkshire. The work commences with the fol- 
lowing severe introduction. 

" If all our European travellers direct their course 
to Italy, upon the account of its antiquity, why 
should Scotland be neglected, whose wrinkled sur* 
lace derives its original from the chaos ? The first 
inhabitants were some straglers of the fallen angels, 
who rested themselves on the confines, till their 
captain, Lucifer, provided places for them in his 
own country. This is the conjecture of learned 
critics, who trace things to their originals; and 
this opinion was grounded on the devil's bratts yet - 
resident amongst them (whose foresight in the events 



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374 

of good and evil exodeds the Oradet at Dd^l^> 
the supposed issue of those pristine inhabitani^ 

<^ Italy is compared to a leg, Scotland to a lonse, 
whose legs and engrailed edgaa represent the pro- 
montories and buttings out into the sea, with more 
nooks aifd angles than the ipost conceited of mj liord 
Major'3 custards; nor does the comparison deter- 
mine here. A louse preys upon its pwn fosterer 
and presisrver, ip^qd is productive pf those minute 
animals called nits; sp Scotlai^d^ wbos^ proboscis 
joyns too close to England, has suckt away the nutri- 
ment from Northumberland, as the countrey itself is 
too true a testimony.' 

" The whole countrey will make up a park, forrest, 
or chace, as you'll please to call it ; but if you de- 
sire an account of particular parks, they are innu- 
merable, every small hotlse having a few sodds 
thrown into a little bank about it, and this for the 
state of the business (ibrsPoth) mnst be called a park, 
though not a pole of land in it. 

^^ Fowl are as scarce here as birds of paradise, the 
charity of the inhabitants denying harbour to such 
celestial animals, though gulls and cormorants 
abound, there being a greater sympathy betwixt 
them. There is one sort of ravenous fowl amongst 
them, that has one web foot, one foot suited for land 
and another for water ; but whether or no this fowl 
(being particular to this country) be not the lively 
picture of the inhabitants, I shall leave to wiser 
conjectures. 

^^ Their cities are poor and populous, especially 
Edenborough, their metropolis, which so well suits 
with the inhabitants, that one character will serve 



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37Sl 

tb#QA hoihf vi«. hjgh and dirty. The bouses mQunt 
seven or eigbt stciries bigh, with n^anj faipilies on 
PRO Aoor^ one room being sufficient fpr all occasions^ 
Mtii^, drinking, 8leeping|,&ip..;&c. Tbe town is 
likea dovhleiconib (an engiiie not commonly known 
amongst them) one great street^ and each side stockt^ 
with narrow allies, which I mistook for common 
chores. Some of the kirks have been of antient 
foundations, and well and regularly built^ but order 
and pniformity is in perfecit antipathy to the humour 
of this nation, these good^ structures being either 
wholly destroyed (as at St. Andrews and £lgin> 
where, by tbe remaining ruins, you may see what 
it was in perfection) or very much defaced; they 
make use of no quires, those are either quite pulled 
down, or converted into another kirk, for it is com- 
mon here to have three, four, or five kirks under one 
foo^ which being preserved entire, would have made 
one good church, but they could not then have had 
preaching enough in it 

^^ The castles of defence in this country are almost 
impregnable, only to be taken by treadiery or long 
aiegp, their water filing them soonest; they are 
built upon high and almost inaccessible rocks, only 
one forced passi^ up to them, so that a few men 
msgr easi^ defend them. Indeed all the gentlemen's 
koqses are strong easdes^ they being so treacherous 
eoe t9«notk)r,^ that tbey.areforced to defend them* 
seive^ in $tr<4|g h<dds; they are commonly built 
upiin some sipgle ropk in the sea^ or some high 
pveeipice pear the mid-land, with many towers and 
strong iron grMes before their windows (the lower 
piuri «rherep^ ia only a WModden shutter, and the 



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m 

VippbT part i^last) so that they look more like prisoils 
than houses of reception ; some few houses there 
are of late erection, that are built in a better ferm, 
with good walks and gardens about them; but their 
fruit rarely comes to any perfection. The houses of 
the commonalty are very mean, mud-wall and 
thatch the best ; but the poorer sort live in such 
miserable hutts as never eye beheld ; men, women, 
and children, pigg altogether in a poor mouse-hole 
of mud, heath, and such like matter. In some parts 
where turf is plentiful, they build up little cabbins 
thereof with arched roofs of turf, without a $;tick of 
timber in it ; when the house is dry enough to bum, 
it serves them for fuel, and they remove to another. 
The habit of the people is very diflferent, according 
to the qualities or the places they live in, as Low- 
land or High-land men. The Low^land gentry go 
well enough habited, but the poorer sort go (almost) 
naked, only an old cloak, or a part of their bed- 
cloaths thrown over them. The Highlanders wear 
slashed doublets, commonly without breeches, only 
a plad tyed about their wasts, &c. thrown over one 
shoulder^ with short stockings to the gartering 
place, their knees and part of their thighs being 
naked; others have breeches and stockings all of a 
piece of plad ware, close to their thighs ; in one side 
of their girdle sticks a durk or skean, about a foot 
or half a yard long, v^ sharp, and the back of it 
filed into divers notches, wherein they put poyson; 
on the other side a brace (at least) of brass pistols ; 
nor is this honour sufficient; if they can purchase 
inore,'they must have a long swinging sword. 
^^ T^e pec^le are proud, arrogant, fain-^ldrious 



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377 

boastepS) bloodjr, barbarous, and inhulnan butchers* 
Couzenage and theft is in perfection amongst them, 
and thej are perfect Eng^lish haters; thej shew their 
pride in exalting themselves and depressing their 
neighbours. When the palace at Edenburgh is 
finished, thejr expect his Majesty will leave his 
rotten house at White-Hall, and live splendidly 
amongst his own countreymen the Scots ; for they 
say that Englishmen are very much beholden to 
them tliat we have their King amongst us. The 
nobility and gentry lord it over their poor tenants, 
attd use them worse than galley slaves; they are 
all bound to serve them, men, w<mieB, and children; 
the first firuits is always the liindlord's due^ he is 
the man t|iat must first board all the young married 
women within his lairdship, and their sons are all 
his slaves, so that any mean laird will have six or ten 
more followers.*' 

The fidlowing" extract is extremely curious, as Jc 
bears a similarity to one of those extraordinary cir- 
cumstances mentioned by Bruce, as occurring in the 
coitirse of his travels, and which, in some degree, 
brought his work into disrepute. 

^^ Their cruelty descends to their beasts ; it being 
a custom in some places to feast upon » living cow, 
they tye in the middle of them, near a great fire, and 
then cut coUops of this poor living b^ast, and broil 
them on the fire, till they have mangled her all to 
pieces; nay, sometimes they will only cut off as 
much as will satisfie their present appetites, and let 
tier go till their greedy stomacks calls, for a new 
supply; such horrible cruelty as can scarce be 



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sm 

paraHel'd in the ivhole world! Tbeir tli^ft k w 
w ell known that it needs no proving ; they are fi^eed 
to keep watch over all the^ have, to aeeure it ; their 
cattle are watched day and ni^t, or otherwise they 
would be -over-grown bjr morning. In the High- 
lands they do it publidy before the face of the sun; 
if one man has two cows, and another wants, he 
shall soon supply himself from his netgbboar, who 
can find no remedy for 4t. The gentry heep an 
armory in their own houses, fnrni^d with several 
sorts of fire ams^ pikes^ and halbertS) wiUi whi«ii 
tfiny arm their followers, to secure th«p9elves froio 
the rapine of their neighbourhood. 

^ Their drink is. ale made of beer mait^ and tunned 
np dn a small vessel, called a cogvbe: a(ier it haa 
stood a few hours, they drink it out of the cc^ue, 
yest and allr the better sort brew it in larger quaar 
titles,' and drink it in wooden queighs, but it is 
sorry stoff, yet excellent for preparing bird**lii|ie ; 
but wine is* the gr&A drink with the. gentry^ wluch 
timy pour in like fishes, aa if it w^e their natun^l 
element; the glasses they drink out of^ <ire ^eoiisi'* 
derably large, and they always fill them to the brinif 
and away with it; some of them have arrived at the 
perfection to. tope brandy at < the same neUet sure 
these are a bowl above Bacchus, and of right* ought 
to have a noUer throne than an hogshead. 
• ^ Musiek they have, but not the harmony of the 
fqf>here8, btat loud terrene noises, like. the beU<wiring 
of beasts i the loud bagpipe is their chief delight; 
stringed instruments are too soft to penetrate the 
eirgBns of their ears, that »e onhf pleased with seuiid$ 
vfsabstance. 



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379- 

<< The highways in Scotland are tolerably good^ 
which is the greatest comfort a traveller meets with 
amongst them; they have not inns, but change- 
houses, (as they call them^) poor small cottages^ where 
you must be content (o take what you find, perhaps 
eggs with chucks in them, and some lang-cale ; at 
the better sort of th^m, a dish of chop'd chickens, 
which they esteem a dainty dish, and will take it 
unkindly if you do not eat very heartily of it, though 
for the roost part you may make a meal with the 
tight of the fare, and be ntisfied with the steam 
only, like the inhafaitaots of the world in the moon ; 
your horses must be seat to a stabler's (for the 
ebange^hoiises have ne lodging for them) where 
they mi^ feed veluptnouidy on straw only, for 
grass is,nol to be bad, and hay is so much a stranger 
to them, that they are scarce fiimiliar with tbf name 
efit. 

^^ The Scotch gentry commonly travd firoia «ae 
firiend^s house to another, so seldoAi awke 'use of a 
diange^house ; thdr way is to hire a horRe and a man 
fov two- pence a mile; .they ride on the horse thirty 
ev forty oHles a day, and the man, who is his guide, 
foots it beside him, and carries his luggage to boot. 
Xbe best sort keep, only a borae or two for them^ 
aelves and their best friend; aU the rest of the trmA 
ftM, k beside them; To coDclwie, die:whQle>4>iiMt 
and selvedge of this ceuntrey, is all woncten'too 
great for me to unriddle ; Aere I shall teave it, as I 
found it, with' its agreeably inhabitants in 

A laad where one may pray with turst intent : 
Oh t «sfy tb^ i«<«eir suflfei* banishment r 

• -' ■ •■.-•• J. H. B» 



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38d 



Abt. DLXXX. The Bow-man^ s Ghry ; or, 
Archery revived. Giving an account of the many 
signal favours vouchsafed to Archers and Archery 
by those renowned Monarchs^ King Henry VJJL 
Jamesy and Charles L Sfc. S^c. Published by 
William JVaody Marshal to the Regiment of 
Archers. London : Printed by S. JR. and are to 
be sold by Edward Gough at Cow-Cross, 1682. 
8»o. pp. 78. 

Th£ author dedicatea this curioas. trebthe ^^ to 
the most Potent Monarch GiwrlesIL" wherein he 
observes, ^* I must confess indeed^ that this art or 
exercise holds not the same rank and fdaee in milt? 
tary discipline, that it did before the invention of 
guns; but yet to assign it none at all, were to. re- 
flect upon the prudence and consideration of those 
laws that have since that time been made for its en- 
eouragement. 

^^ And methinks that the many victories which our 
kingdom (&mou8 for their bows) owes to Aat sort of 
arms, may at least recommend the exercise to us, 
though it be but in sport and triumph. Besides, we 
are sure the labour will not be wholly lost (if there 
were no pleasure in it,) it being (it may be) one of 
the most wholsom and manly recreations usM in this 
nation, and conduces as much, or more than other^ 
both to the preservation of health, and the improve- 
ment of strength." After a poem ^^ In praise of 
Archery,'' follow three patents granted by the mo«- 
narchs before mentioned, to encourage the promo- 
tion of the same science. The remaining part of 
the wcNrk is occupied with << a Brief Relation of the 



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Sgl 

man&er of the Arcbers marching od several Days of 
Solemnit^r/' combining some very interesting and 
curious particulars. 

This copy contains the autograft of the celebrated 
Dr. Farmer, and a memorandum by the same gentle- 
man relative to^e high price for which the work 
had been sold. J. H. M. 



Art. DLXXXI. The Shifts of Reynardiney the 

son of Reyndrd the FoXj or a pleasant History of 

his Life and Death, Full of variety^ SfC. And nuty 

fitly be applied to the late Times. Now published 

for the reformation of MetCs Manners. 

Rare antecedeotcm scelestum 
Deteruit pedc Poina cl^iudo. 

London : Printed by T. J. for Edward Bremterai 
the Crane in St. PduVs Churchyard^ and Thomas 
Passenger^ at the Three Bibles dn London Bridge^ 
168*. ito. pp. 160: 

Art. DLXXXII. Country Conversations: being 
an account of some discourses that happened in a 
visit to the country last summer ^ on divers subj^ts ; 
c/ue/ly of the modem comedies^ of drinking^ pf 
translated vqrse^ of painting and painters^ of poets 
and poetry. 

Recubans sub tegmioe fagi 

Sylvestrem tenui Musam meditaris avena. 

London: Printed for Henry Boriwicke^ at the Med 
. Lyon in St. Pauls Church-^yard. 1694. SmaUSgoo. 
JV 86.. 



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382 

In a 9lK>?t prtfecey addnKsied <^ t6 Ae Wits/' th& 
Mi^nymoas author sajis, <^ I uiaite bold to borrow 
one of jour pens last summer, afid employed it 
«Mrclj for a pasfr-time, * during^ the intervals of 
aiiglii^y and srueh like div«r«ona of a oountiy- 
YMreat ; La mamhre de Men penser fell in my way, 
I linidw'not how, and 1 had a mind to try how sonie- 
ihing of that nature would look in our language. 
I endeavoured to' imitate (though feiutly^ and a&r 
otf) the original draught ofLe Pere Bonhours.^^ 

The work is divided ipfo five sections, according 
, to the arrangeitient in the title, and from the fift|] the 
following extract will not tie unamusing to those 
who have been entertained, by a modern dramatic 
author, at tb4» eonc^it ^ a tiiati fklliikg in love with 
*^ my grand-motber.^ 

, <^ Amwg othet arl6> wirith bav^a interfeted wiih 
poe^e, I have, observed, in aoioi^jecqpecpial mainer, 
tbat. qf painting; ta be opa^ aa if the tyifo ^sister 
sciences delighted to live togetbcpr in tbe same per-' 
son. You seldom knew a poet but he was a lover of 
pictures, nor a painter who had not the like affection 
for poems and mti^i^k (whrdi is rek% an lA^rtituldte 
pot^sfe). d6mi^ peNoh^ hiiV^ aittaihed t6 a gi-eat 
p6i^ctioh \^ both tho^e arts; such wad Leomardo 
Ar Vind/l i^buW Mme ofher ttaliaiis^ and several 
of t^xxt b^n nation ; but \i {k sufficient ib instance 
only in one. A young lady of eminent vltttl6 and 
beauty, was when she lived (^hich was not many 
years since) incomparable for her performances both 
iVith tbe peA ahtt {^eubil \ i kn^tl Mrs. Anii ftilli- 
gi^w, whos^ j>icttti^^ >Sttkwi^ hfl^iM^ b ^nted 
before her Book of Poems, published soon )By%a^. her 



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€kaith. A gentlenaii of our aoqwuntanoe, tlwHigh 
he bad never Been her when living, fell really in love 
wMa her memorj, and on the first view of her picture 
aMi poems^ composed some verses which I think 1 
eai> still remember. 

•* Often have I conquer'd been 

With the beauties I have seen ; 

Oftep have uncommon faces 

Pleas'd and wounded with t(ieir graces ; 

But till this hour I never found. 

That tlie fair sex unseen can u^ound ; 

Till now I never was a slave 

To charms and beauties in a grave. 

Nor time can care, nor Lope can ease my care ; * 

At once I sec, love, and despair. 
Ah tweet remainaof that lamented maid ! 

Ah lovely shadow of a shade ! 
Where's now the hand which this &ir image drewl 

Wbere's that we miss, even whsn we vi^w } 
Where ii^ that noble fiincy could design 
A face, and vers^, both so divine ? 
Where is that face that did all art defie. 

That art that nature did outvy 1 
Wliere in the sex shall we ter virtue find t 
And where her wit in all mankmd T 

. Absurd inquiries ! can such beauty dye. 
Such wit be subject to mortality ? 
Oan such accomplishments ^8 hers' create 
Less ttian a miracle, and conquer fate ? 
See, pfofane infidel, see here, and find 
In this eternal monument inshrin'd, 
tUr vtfty self ,' btr wti, her faoe,4nd mind.''- 
' • 1 ill ' ' t 

'^Thi»' steems, indeed^ to be writ with as great 



I 



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mi 

nfeetion as eneoMtiuB, and omnm l«Te . than art 
Bvt yovL knm? Pbikster, he is the author." *^ I did 
tinai^ine, (said Mitis) it most be be; he is himself m 
pretendar to both these arts ; and that with as nmth 
success as he desires, since he never made either of 
them his business, but diversion." J. H. 

Abt. DLXXXIII. a Description vf the Western 
Islands of Scotland: containing a full account. of 
their situation^ extent^ soil, product^ harbours^ bays, 
tides ^ anchoring places ^ and fisheries. The ancient 
and modern government, religion, and customs of 
the inhabitants, particulafli/ of their Druids, Hea" 
then temples, monasteries, chutches, chapels, anti- 
quities, monuments, fotts, caves, andother curiosities 
of art and nature; of their admirable and fejrpe- 
ditious way of curing most diseases by simples of 
their ozm product. A particular account of the 
SECOND SIGHT, or faculty of foreseeing 
things to come by way of vision so common dmong 
them. A brief hint of methods to improve trade in 
that country both by sea and land; with a new 
$nap of the whole, describing the harbours, anchoring 
places and dangerous rocks, for the benefit of 
sailors. To which is added, a brief description of 
the Isles of Orkney and Shetland. By M. Martin^ 
Gent. Printed for A. Bell, at the Cross Keys 
and Bible in Cornhill, near Stocks-market, 1703» 
%vo. p. 398, besides the dedication^ preface^ and 
contents. 
This is the book which, having been put into the 

hands of Dr. Johnsoif when verj joung by his h/^ 



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385 

ther, * is tuppoead to have faiftMd into him the first 
desire of visiting the Hebrides, of whieh he hats 
given 60 interesting and lominous an account. 

The following abstract of this book is copied from 
the '' History of the Works of the Learned, ibr 
August and September 1703, Vol. V. p. 470.t &c. 

*' The author of this book is a native of Sk^, 
which is the most considerable of all the islands here 
de^tcribed. Some years ago he obliged the public 
with a description of St. Kilda,! or Hirta, the 
westernmost of all the Scots Isles ; which account 
of his was very agreeable to the curious ; especially 
to such as have any true taste for natural and ex* 
perimental philosophy. The natural history of 
these isliinds is what he chiefly aims at in the fi>l« 
lowing treatise. He is very particular in the nature 
of the climate and soil, of the produce of the places 
by sea and land, and of the variety of remarkable 
cures performed by the natives, merely by the use 
of simples ; nor does he omit their religion, customs, 
and government, and the materials and advantages, 
irfiich most of them have for encouraging a trade by 
sea and land. He has taken a particular care to 
describe the harbours and bays, and the dangerous 

* Bof well's Life of Johnson^ I. 414. 

f ** The History of the Works of the Learned ; or, an impartial 
account of Books lately printed in all parts of Europe. With a 
particular relation of the state of learning in each country. Vol. V. 
to be continued monthly. London, printed for H. Rhodes, at the 
SUr near Fleet-bridge; T. Bennet at the Half Moon in St. Paul's 
Churchyard ; A. Bell at the Crost Keys in Comhill ; D. Midwinter, 
and T. Lmgh at the Rote and Crown in St. Paul's Churchyard, 
iTOa. 4to.'» 

; Voyage to St. Kilda, Lond. 169S, Sro. 



VOL. VI. CC 



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Bb»lvfl$ and rocks thst lie atout thow islanA; 
widely together with tke new aad axaol aiap be haa 
added to tlie book, ottket it of werj great um to 
auloni. Thote, wbo delight ia aatiquities, .will bere 
•ko find an entertainment suited to tkeir genius, hi 
hid deflcriptiof of the apciaot forts, nionuments, Sic 
In those islands. 

^^ Mr. Martin takes nodoe^ that he is the first 
SMStine, who eyer atiempled the dessri{>.tion of this 
eonntrj^ wbiah is tfie reason why ail the accounts we 
have hitherto had of it, have been veiy lame and 
defiactive. Most of these islands are so little fire« 
quented by any but their own aatiyes^ and their 
language is understood by sofi^w, who were capaUe 
and willing to take a description of them, that we 
may justly look upon the Allowing treatise to be a 
description of a country hitherto in a gveat measure 
waknown ; and considering the interest that the iip« 
habitants of these kiagdoms havie in it, ipd the 
adTantages which by a dne improvement dieymay 
rei^p from it, there is no reason to be assigned why 
it may not be as acceptable aa some of those modem 
voyages which have made so great a noise in the 
world. It will aqipear by the fiillowing descripticm^ 
that those islands contain a large extent of ground, 
and that they are also very considerable f^r tjie 
number o their inhabitants; so that the subject is 
not so contemptible as people are apt to think at 
first. But to be more particular. 

*' Our author begins with the descripticm of th^ 
island called Lewis, firom a corrupt pronunciation 
of the Irish Leog, that signifies lakes, with which 
that island aboonds. It is ttie utmost tract of land 



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m 

tm ihe «l^tb->«nJlt«)fSeotkni4, is^ommath to north 
100' miles in length ; and from east to west, from 
three to fourteen in bredhh^ It is divided prin* 
oipally into two parts, the one called Lewis and Ihit 
e^her Harries. The air is temperately cold and 
moist, and the inhabitants nse usquebaugh for d 
corrcictrre. A great part of the coast of (his inland 
is araUe, s0 that it abounds with com. The s^ 
is generally sandy, except in the heaths, wfaicfc in 
some places is black, and in otiiers afibrds a fine 
red day, fit 9ck the potter's use, atid of which the 
native* make many vessels* They dig dieir com* 
gTMind with spades, and cover it witb sea^ware, 
wUeh they say, prodncet a greater increase than by 
ploog^iag; and thu9 tiiey employ 500 of their in<< 
habitants every day isr some months. When they 
sew their grotindy they use a barrow with woodeli 
teedi in the first and second rows, and rough helitll 
|B Ae third row, which stooetbs it ; and this harrow 
is drawn by a man with a strong rope across his 
breast. Some of them ihtten their ground with soot, 
bal the com of this ground is said to occasion the* 
jaundice; and they observe that the com of any ot 
their ground, after first tilling, is apt to oocamon 
the head^ache and vomiting, when made, in^o bread 
or ale« ' Th^ make a liquor of oats here, called 
nequebaiiighrbaid, whkh is four times distilled, and 
•O' very stvong that two spoonfuls of it is a mSb* 
cieat dose; and ifiany man esioeeds that, it endan« 
gerahislife. ' ^ 

^ ^< Mr» Martin tdia us of several good hariKiuhi 

in this island; attd pardeulaidy of Loob-C^lvey, 

whkfa^ though yttiaknoMinov fiaequeiited^ is.afbon*' 

cc2 



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S8b 

Tenient harbour for diips of the fini rate. The 
coasts and bajrs of this island abound in fidr wea* 
tber, with cod, ling, herrings, and all other aorts of 
fish taken in the Western islands. There b plenty 
of cod and ling of a veiy large size near Loch 
Carlvay ; but the fishing there is much interrupted 
bj whales, though the natives employ many boats 
together in pursuit of them ; their way is to chaoe 
them up into bays, till they wound one of them 
mortally, and then it runs ashore ; and thus many of 
them are killed. About five years ago there were 
fifty young ones killed in this manner, and most of 
them eaten by the common people^ who called them 
sea-pork, and find them to be very good food; some 
thin and meagre peo]^ became iat and plump in a 
week's time by eating them. They observe Aat die 
bigger whales are n^ote purgative than the lesser, 
and that the lesser are better nourifihment. Theie 
is great plenty of shell-fish, such as dams, oysters^ 
cockles, musdes, limpits, wilks, and spout-fish in 
the bays here. Thei:e is such a prodigious quantity 
of the latter, cast out of the sand of Loghtua, that 
the inhabitants are not able to consume them, either 
by eating or fettening their ground with them. 

^^ The bays and coasts of this iskmd afibrd great 
quantities of small coral and coraline ; the coral does , 
not exceed six inches' in length, and is about the 
bigness of a goose's quill. The fi^sh-water lakes 
in this island abound in trouts and eda ; the common 
bait for them is earth-worms ; but parboiled muades 
attract them best; and the properest season for 
catching them is, when the wind blows firom tiie 
south-west The rivers on each «ide this kkuid 



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38D 

abound with ^ilmon and black muscles, and peari 
is manj times found in the ktter. The natives about 
the river Barvas have a fooKsh opinion, that if a 
female cross that river first on the first dajr of May, 
it hinders the salmon from comings into that river; 
and therefore take care that a male shall pass it veiy 
early that morning. There are several fountains 
here noted for their particular qualities, as follows ; 
there is one at Loeh-Carlvay that will not whiten 
linen ; there is one at St. Cowsten's church that will 
liot boil any meat, though kept on a fire a whole 
day; and St. Andrew's well in the village Shadar is 
made a test by the natives to know if a sick person 
will die of the present distemper, which they try 
thus : they send one with a wooden dish for some 
of die water to the patient, and if the dish, when 
laid softly upon the sur&ce of the water, turn round 
sun-ways, they conclude he will recover; but if 
otherwise, that he will die. 

^< There are many caves on the coast of this 
island, Which abound with otters, seals, and sea- 
fowl; and there is a cave in Loch-Grace, which 
distills water from the top, that petrifies in the 
bottom. There are several natural and artificial 
forts on the coasts ; most of the latter are composed 
of large stones, are of a round form, and made taper- 
wise towards the top : they are commonly about 
three stories high, have a double wall, and the pas* 
sage commonly goes round the wall. Several of 
Aese forts are built on heaths at a considerable 
distance from any stony ground ; and they have 
many times great heaps of stones, commonly called 
cairns, erected on A^ heaths, so that one would 



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390 

If onder from w|ienoe they could gather them. There 
are likewise many single etonea erected ia ihia 
islafidy particukrly one io the parish of Barva% 
called the Thnisbel^stonei which is twenty feet bigh^ 
and near as much ia breadth. It is supposed they 
were set up ms monuments for persons of note killed 
inbattle^ 

^^ At the village of Classf^aiss there are thirty** 
nine stones thus erected^ being ^x or s^ven feet 
^h, and two in breadth each $ they are placed in 
form of an avenue of eight feet broad, and the dis* 
tance betwixt each stone is ^ix ; there is one stope 
erected at the entrance^ of this, avenue ; and at the 
south-end of it there is a Qirde of twelve stc^ies of 
the same distance and height with the other thirty* 
nine, and in the centre of this circle there, is o$e 
stpne of thirteen feet high, shaped like the ■ rudder 
of a ship; without this circle, there are four.stoaes 
of the same height and distance on the east, ivest, 
and south sides. The inhabitants say this was a 
heathen temple, and that the chief driiid or priest 
stood near the big stone in the centre fi*om wheniie 
he addressed himself to the people that surrouttded 
him. Of this ten^ple our author has given ub m 
description ip a copper^plate. 
. ^^ He obs^ves that >horses «i;a considerably kfs 
here, than in the neighbouring continenl^ yet per- 
fqrm the husbandman's labour as .well ^as those ^ 
« larger size, though in the spring they }mvfi no- 
thing to feed upon, but sea-ware» He tells of ^a 
ch^se here fifteen miles in compass, where tb^?e 
arei abundance of deer, which feed also upon .sea« 
wc)re nrhen the frost and sn^w cmtiiiifes loi^^ 



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clhi the S. W; side of Loefa-'StorBwajr ; b«rt ne tiore 
Wood in tbe wMe idhmd, wlilch id diar^ble on 
tHe ne^ecC of the kilkabitatiCB; for that theisoll in 
^afiaUe of prodaeittg iheiA h evident from th^se 
trees abore-meiitioiied^ and from the tb^in at greef 
trees that our author saw at flie head of Loch-Eris* 
pml. There is abundance of sea and knd fowl in 
Ais istand, alid their amphibia nte seals and otters ; 
Ae seals are eaten by the rnlgar, who fitid them as 
nourishing as beef tod mutton* 

^^ The inhabitants are w^«proporttohed) of ii good 
stature, ft^ from bodiljr imperfections ; and several 
of them arrive to a great age. They are generriiy 
of a sanguine constitution, and their bait' eommbnly 
ef a light brown or red, and bat few of them black; 
Thej are seldom troubled nHtb epidemical distem* 
pers, except the small pox ; and that too but seldom ; 
but it cemmonly sweeps off abundance of ytiung 
people, l^heir common cure for renrOving fov^rs 
and pleurisies, is to let blood plentifbllj; against 
Ihe diarrhea, and dysenteria, they powder the keriid 
if black maluccia beans, and driift it with boiled 
milk with good Success. A^inst the cough they 
drink oatmeal and water boil^ together when they 
go to bed, and sometimes iadd a little butter to it. 
1?hls disposes them to sleep and ^w^t, ikfad i§ vety 
imteAt^it there be nd salt in it: Thejr likewise boil 
die rootd of nettles and re^^ in wat^i*^ Abd add 
yeadt to it io mttke it ferment; and this they flnct 
likewise to b^ beneficial agtiinst the cough. The' 
filling down of the uvula they cure in this manner; 
they take a long quUl^ atid putting a horse's hair 



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double into it^ make a noose at tbe^ end of the qofll, 
and putting it about the lower end of the uTula, 
thej cut off all that part pf the uvula below the h^ir 
witha pair of sciswrs; and then the patient swallows 
a little bread and cheese, which completes the cure 
withput any inconvenience, so as the distemper never 
returns. They cure green wounds with ointment 
made of golden rod, all-heal, and fresh- butten The/ 
have two wajs of curing the jaundice ; the one bj 
laying the patient on his &oe, as if they would lo<4( 
upon his back bones, and presently pour a pailfi^ 
of cold water on his bare back ; and thb has often 
the desired success; the other way is by undressing 
the patient, and touching his vertel»*8ES with the red 
hot tongs, which makes him run about fvuriously till 
the pain abates, which happens very speedily, and 
the patient recovers soon after. 

<^ The natives are gene;*ally of a quick appre- 
hension, have a mechanical genius, are i^linaUe to 
poesy and music; and many of them play on the 
violin pretty weU, without any instructor. The men 
are dexterous in swimming, archery, and vaulting ; 
many of them are stout and able seamen, and will 
tug at the oar all day long upon bread and watca*, 
and a snuff of tobacco. 

" Having finished his description of Lewi«, he 
comes to that of the inferior adjacent islands. His 
account, of the superstitious customs and devoti^m 
of the inhabitants of Lewis, when they go to the 
Flannan islands, once a year, for eggs, fowls^ down, 
feathers, and quills, is a great argument of the 
people's religious temper ; but at the same time is 
an evident proof of their gross ignorance and want 



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of instrnctioii, wUdi the proprietora, and thoM who 
hmve the goterninmt of diordi and state, are par* 
tieahrly eonceimed to remedy. His description of 
Kona is very obeenraUe. This is that idand of 
which the fiunons Bodianan says, < That the in- 
habitants ate perhaps the only people of the world, 
who never want any thing, and abound with all 
tilings that th^ think necessaiy, being equally 
ignorant of loxnry and avarice, and who possess 
that innocence of life, and tranquillity of mind 
tiuneugh their ignorance of vice, that other people 
of tiie world cannot attain to by great industry and 
plenty of good instruction; so tiiat they seem to 
want nothing to make tiiem completely happy, but 
that th^ know not their own happiness/ 

^^ He adds, that the proprietor who was one of 
the proprietors of Lewis, limited the number of 
fiunilks that should inhabit it ; and assigned them 
tfieir numbers of great and small cattle, upon which 
they might live commodiously^ and pay him hif 
tribute ; and all the rest, and also the increase of 
their people, they sent to him. Mr. Martin informs 
us, ttat this island is but a mile in length, and half 
a mile in breadth, and the inhabitants made but five 
flmrilies. The minister of Barvas in Lewis, to 
whose parish they belong, and to whom the island 
is assigned as part of his benefice, used to visit 
tiiem once a year. - Mr. Daniel Morrison, who was 
his acquaintance and minister of the place, gave 
him tUs account of his first reception there: upon 
his landing they received him very afiectionately 
and saluted him thus : God save you, pilgrim; you 
are heartOy welcome ; we have had repeated ap« 



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paiitioasiof your peraon amc^Bg' u^^ by waj of itbe 
SbcoKd Sight, and we heartily congAitvIatb your 
trrival in tbin our remote eountry.\ They ex^^essed 
their esleem for hin by mafciDg a turn rouad luAl 
sun ways i and when he advised them to forbean thM 
cti^ton^^tbey were surprised, said it was doe to his 
thamcter, and therefore they would not iul lo pdr- 
finrm it ^There .were three indosoite betWixt the 
landi«f plaee and the Ttlll^; aod ds .he.oalered 
tech of thetiifihe inhahMftnts t^^ok hiaaeevcarally^faji 
the band aad bidhiai wdkome^ When he itMiie to 
the. house prepared for him^ he .had ^ ! buadte bi 
straw for his seat ; aad after some geiwrai discourse, 
ibfiy went to their respeietAte >diifellings^ dud kiUed 
a sheep for each family; and-flead the skins off^ so 
1MB they were entire and in form like 4 sadL^ and 
these- being filled with barley : meal, thef brought 
hiui as a present; and. one of them sjpeaking im the 
name of the rest, said : ^ TntTeUer, we are wry 
sensiUe of your favour in coming so ;br to instruct 
us in our way to happiness, and in venturing yonr<* 
self on the great ocean.; pray be (leased to aoo^l 
of this. small present, which. we humbly offi»* as an 
axpreseiion of our siiic^e love.' They idso presented 
his niian. With some pecks of nveal^ as befaig Ukewisd 
a imveller;. but the boat's crew having been diere 
bejfore,they gave them only their daily maiateBanoe^ 
<f They had a ehapeji d^dtCBted to St. Ronan, ^ad 
OQ the altte a plank of w<^d about ten feet long, and 
at the distance of every foot a hole, and in each bote 
antone, to which the nativeaasOTibe several virtuesi 
and one of them they thiiA proni^les sj^ee^y de« 
Uveiy to wemeii in travail. In Ihia ebapd thqr 



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rep^t die Lord^s P^ayef, the Creeds and Ten Oorti* 
HUuiditieBts every Suilday tiiorning. Thej know not 
the Use of inoney, but barter for siteh little thilogt an 
they want, when any ipessel arriioes there.; Their 
houiies are built with 8tone, and thatched With strai^^ 
They take their surnames from the colour of the 
aky^ raitibow and clouds. When any of theoi 
eoBie to the isle df L^wisl, whkfa ifl.aeldom, betauae 
they Ue- at twenty kagues distaace, tb^y tire tah 
toaitbed to ' «ee so many people^ They admire 
g;reyboutids very mufdi^ and love^ have them in 
their company. They wonder when th^y see a horse ; 
and one of them hearing a htfrse neigh^ asked if he 
laughed. One of them being in a house of sevtoil 
stories, and hearing the pe#ple walk oyer his heady 
he thought the house had been Mling^ and was m 
a mighty consternation. When Mr. Morrison was 
there, two .young men courted dne young woman, 
who was the only Unmarried female in the island ; 
and when she was married to the one,' the othel' 
thought bis lois irreparable. Soon after they Were 
married, Mr. Morrison sailed from the islafad ; but 
being driven bads again by contrary wind^ the youi^ 
wan, who was thlis disaippointed, came very cheaii* . 
folly to Mr. Morrison, add told ham<he thanked Gtid 
and St. Ronan, who had bi^ugbt him back, for he 
hoped he would allow his expedient; which wtes^ 
that he mt^t ei^oy the wdman year about with t{ie 
other me^, '9Q that he ittight. also have issue; for 
il^y think it a gres^ iiisfertume to die without 
Q&pr'mgi' The mtniiler cheeked him ibrhisfolJhf, 
^ told him it eobld not hb granted, but promited 
to .bring htm a wife next year. Aflbtfaer of them, 



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who watited a wife, offered a shilling to Mr. Mor« 
risen, to send him one from Lewis. This shilling 
be had gbtten from a seaman that landed tbere^ and 
the poor fellow thought it was a thing of extraor- 
dinary value. About fourteen years ago, a swarm 
of rats, but none knows how, came to this island, 
and in a short time eat up all their corn. In a few 
months after some seamen landed there, who nrfibed 
the inhabitants of their black cattle ; which mis* 
fortunes, with the want of supply from Lewis for 
the space of a year, occasioned the death of all that 
ancient race of people. Some years after the mini* 
ster to whom the island belongetb, sent a new colonj 
thither with suitable supplies, of whose success our 
author can give no account. It was an observation 
nH this island, that the cuckow'was never heard or 
seen there, but after the death of their minister, or 
of the Earl of Seaforth, their proprietor. 

<' Mr. Martin observes of the Isle of Siant, as he 
does of several of the other isles, that there is a 
couple of eagles build there, who suffer no other of 
the kind to come into the island, and drive awaj 
^ir own young as soon as they are able to fly ; and 
that thej never kill any lambs or sheep in their own 
island, though the bones of both are found near their 
nests ; and tiie nearest of the other islands is a league 
distant 

<< The inhabitants of Lewis had an ancient 
idolatrous custom to sacrifice at AUhallowtide to a 
sea god they called Shony, in the following manner: 
they came to the church of St. Mulvay, each man 
with his proviuons, and every femily with a peck 
of malt; this being brewed into ale, one of their 



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nttmber was appointed in the night tima to wade 
into the sea up to the middle, with a cup of ale in 
hh hand, and standing still in that posture, eried 
Oat with a loud voice, Shony, I give you this cop 
of ale, hoping that you will be 90 kind as to send 
us plenty of sea-ware to enrich our ground the en- 
suing year, and so threw it into the sea. At his 
return to land they all went to church, where there 
was a candle burning upon the altar; and then 
standing silent for a time, one of them gave a signal, 
at which the candle was put out; and then they - 
went into, tiie fields, where they drank their ale, 
and spent tiie remainder of the night in dancing, &c. 
Next morning thiey returned home, being well satis- 
fied that they had punctually observed this scdemn 
amiiversary, which they believed would procure 
them a plentiful crop. The ministers had much 
ado before they could persuade the natives to aban- 
don this ridiculous practice, which has been quite 
abolished for above thirty years past. 

<^ The inhabitants of Lewis are all protestants 
except one family : about fourteen years ago, three 
or four fishermen were perverted, and applied them- 
selves to a priest for some holy water to sprinkle 
upon their nets, which they had taught them was 
an infidlible means to procure them plenty of herring ; 
and having obtained it, they set their nets with joy, 
and returned to draw them next morning fuU of ek-^ 
pectation, but found them lost, whereas those of 
their protestant neighbours were safe and full; 
which exposed the priest and his proselytes to Ho 
imaU derision. 
'^ Mr. Martin comes in the next place to give u^ 



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^.<|k9<sQription of tb9 ialie of Hmrriaa, ivhick is %b6iit 
twmtj-foar miles lo^g^ ^nd four, five, or six broad. 
^Tbe soil is nore fruitful than tluti of LePiris, and 
.prodtiOB$ it greater quantity eif earn.. The air ill 
teaaperately cold, and tlie naliTes qualify it liy a 
diOijse of aqua vit«e, or brandy ; but make no use 
of u^quetbab* There is a i^ood harbour here called 
Glais by sea&ien, and Scalpa by the natives. It 
is a mile and an half long, and a mile bread. 
Within the* isle there is a lake called Loch Tarbat, 
which has leveral small isles in it, and is sopietimes 
freqi90nted'by berridf^s^ Witboul lilts' loch there is 
jpAenty of cod, Iing» and large eels. There is a fteA 
.water lake at the entrance of the island^ to whieh 
jthe sea ha^ access at spring tides ; it abounds witk 
oyst^fs and several other sorls of §sh. There are 
mwy %eA .watfor lakes in Ibis island ^ell stovel 
:aFitl^ trottts, eels^ and sainnon. Eadt lake has a 
ny^ panning from it to the sea, from wlieilee the 
salmon. comes in the beginning of May, and sooner 
if the season be warm- There are itbuhdance* of 
exD^llent springs, which issue from the moinrtains 
of tbis island, and there is one lately diicovertd 
war Marvag, very good for speedily restoring lost 
appetite; there is another near the village Bowe^ 
very good against coUck, stitdbes, and gravel. There 
ace sevei^ c^ves in the mountains, and on «ach nde 
the coast, and one particularly in the Hill Uhveal) 
«apaUe of holding flfty men, and may be defended 
bj[ one WBfiLn against a tboui^and, with a caoje onl^ 
in^ hj3 hand, fi>r it is a<»:!easiUe only to one at a tuie, 
and by the least touch he may throw them doivn ov«r 
the peek as thi^ dimb up« There ave two ytSU^ in 
this cave, and one of them they say of so extraordi- 

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399 

naiy a Bdturo, that if |t dog drink of it^ itlnmedi- 
^j^ runs ity for Bone.time. 

<^ There are wfld goats ia tUs isltiid, wUch'tlie 
aatife? say breed twice per aaBum. Tbcfref id a 
cb^ce of deer whiok contains about 9000 : no nnan w 
permitted to biint in it without a licence, and there 
is a particular part of itresorved for M adeod, the 
proprietor, wl^ is alwi^s sure to find game enough 
in it when he pleases. In the winter time when tb^ 
ground is all covered with snoW) the de^ oom^ in 
great flocks to the coast, and feed upon the Alga 
•Marina, or sea- ware. They bave ^merfricks here 
whiok yield a very fine ftir of a brown colour, -and 
then* dung has a scent like musk. They have like- 
.wise abundatee of otters and seals, plenty of land 
and sea fowl, and excellent hawks. They have two 
sorts of eagles, one large and grey, the other leto 
and black, shaped Kke a hawk; both of theni dc^- 
structive to the ihwns, sheep, anid kmbs. The 
shore on the western coast abounds -with variety of 
curious shells, finely streaked and coloured. Great 
quantities of os sepie are found in the sand, the 
natives powder it, and boil it iti milk for the diarrhea 
and dysenteria, and rub it on the eyes of sheep to 
take off the film. Abundance of nuts, called Mo- 
lucca beans, are brought in here by the sea. The 
natives use them as amulets against witchcraft, and 
say, that when any evil of that sort is intended 
against Uie person that wears them, the nut turns 
black. That tbey have so changed colour, Kfr. 
-Martin says he has' seen, but cannot be positive as 
to the cause of it: Quantities of amber-greasie have 
fikewise been found on thef coast of tlii^ island.^ 
Seivonal people ftere tbatliad lost tbeir bearing,' re^ 

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covered it by patting some powder of tolmcoo into 
their ears with a quill. Their sheep which feed cm 
sandy ground become blind sometimes, and are cured 
by rubbing chalk in their ^es. They boil wild gar- 
Uck in water, and make use of the infusion against 
the stone and gravel with good success.'* 

Such was the account given of thirf book in the 
Number for Aug. 1703, p. 470 ; and it went on thus 
in the following Number for Sept. 1703, p. 529. 

<^ What we said in our last Number is sufficient 
to give the reader an idea of the book. The author 
is uniform in his description, and follows the same 
method in all the isles, so that we shall now content 
ourselves with exhibiting some of the contents, that 
to us appear most extraordinary, and shall b^in 
with his account of the ancient and modem customs 
pf the inhabitants of those islands. 

i^ Mr. Martin says that every heir or young chief- 
tain of a tribe or clan was obliged in honour to give 
a publick specimen of his valour, before he was 
owned and declared to be governor or leader of his 
people. That this specimen wap commonly an in- 
cursipn upon the lands of some neighbour they were 
at variance with, to drive their cattle; and this 
they were bound to effect or die in the attempt. 
They were usually attended in such exploits by 
young men of quality that had not beforehand given 
any proof of their valour, and if the young chief- 
tain succeeded, he was ever after esteemed valiant, 
and fit for government, and those of his retinue had 
a share of his reputation. This custom being reci- 
procal among them was not accounted robbery, and 



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loi 

this damaj* wTiicTi one* tribe sustained by sucft ail 
essay was repaired wheh their chieftain came in his 
turn to 'nake his specimen; but' this practice is noxv* 
in disuse. 

** When those chieftains entered upon the govern- 
ment of their clans, they observed the formalities 
that folloii^ : He vi^as placed on a heap of stones in 
form of a pyramid, arid, hhi firiends and follower^ 
stood round him in a circle; one of his chief friends 
delivered inrto his band his father^s sword^ and 
another -delivered him a white rod ; soon after th^' 
chief druid or orator pronounced a panegyrick upoil 
the pedigrej^, valour^ and liberality of his ancestors, 
as patterns worthy of the young chieftain's imitation. 
They had their officers civil and military to attend 
them on all occasions ; and some ikipilies continue 
them still, particularly Sir Donald Macdonald whd 
has his standard-bearer, quarter- master,- &c. ' They 
had a constant centinel on the top of their houses, 
and a competent nufnber of young gentlemen well 
versed in managing the sword, target, archery, &c.' 
Every chieftain had a bold armour bearer to attend 
him night and day, and he had a double portion of 
meat assigned him at every meal, being 'always a 
man of extraordinary bulk and strength. When 
they went upon any military expedition, they used 
to draw blood fro.n the first animal fhey met on th(* 
enemy's ground, and to sprinkle some of it lipon^ 
their colony as an omeh of good success. Before 
they engaged in battle, the chief druid l.arangrued 
the army from arising ground, put them in mind of 
the great things that had been performed by thfer 
Valour of their ancestors, raised their hopes with 

VOL. VI. DP 

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40* 

the noble rewards of booour and viotorf , and dia* 
pdled thdr fi^urs by all the topics that natural 
courage could suf gest, and after tbis barangu% 
thej fell upon the enemj with a shout. These 
druids pretended to foretel fixture events^ and de-* 
cided all causes civil and ecclesiastical* They wor- 
ship a deity under the name, of Ta^camis, which sigr. 
nifies thunder, and another under the name of Belnsi 
whence it is thought the festiral called Berlin on the 
day of May proceeds. It was usual with the 
druids to extii^uish all the fires in the parish on that 
dayi until the tithes were paid ; then they rerkindled 
them. 

^^ They had a cus,tom of buryung male&ctors be- 
twixt two £res; and from th^ioe came their pi^« 
Terb) which they use still at this day^. to express a 
man's being in a straiti viz. that jbe is betwixt two 
fires €>f BeU. Our author takes notice of an objec** 
tion raised by some {gainst druids being in the iah^ 
viz. that there were no oak& there, and answers it, 
by shewii^ their mistake ; for there are oaks at fxe^ 
aentat Sleat in the Isle of Skie, and the^ abound ja 
that country of old, though sow they be decayed 
through the neglect 4>f the inhabitants. ' 

^^ When the diieftains go a hunting, they fure 
usually attended with a numerous rqtinue; and 
when he ^ives the first specimen of that manly ex- 
ercise, upon his return, he gives his cloaths^ ann^, 
' and all his hunting equipage to the forrester. £ v^ij 
great fiuaily had two stewards, . the first seri^ 
always at home, and was obliged to be well versed 
in the pedigree of aU the fiimiUes in the isles and 
highlands, and to assign eveiy man hja seat at tM^ 



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docorliBg to hie qmlitj) Aurpw^Mimg^cMtctHtldttj 
mod if be had happened to make a wiitake) it wa» 
(•t .imputed to the iBi»(«r of the family. Thef hud 
also eup*bearersr and puree-maatei^ and mogt et 
tfwm Wore hardlitaFjr, and heM their places hjr 
charter. 

^ These cbieftainB aMiently ratified' their letig^^ 
ef friendship hj drinking a drop of blood, connionllf 
drawn out of the little iagers^ and those who m» 
latcd a kagve thus confiroMd were ever after held 
iinwofthy of society. After the drotds were laid 
aiide^ they wisre succeeded by orators who kept Ibf 
genealegtes of their fhmilies, repeated the same on 
ewery succession, and nnide epithakrmiuraa upon the 
occasioii of marriages and births; these orators had 
a mighty ascendant OTor the greatest men in their 
lime^ wha, either out of respect to them, or fi>r fear 
^ their satires, would grant them almost any thing 
they demanded, but at last lost their reputation by 
theiff insolence,, and are now in very little esteem, 
w hcs e as formerly Aey were allowed to sit among 
the ckieii of femities. Their w^r of study was very 
singular. They used -to shut their dooi's and win*' 
dows for a day's time, and to lie down upon their 
backs with a stone upon their bellies, and tbehr 
heada wrapped in their plades^ and in. this posture 
^^.piMnped their brains for rhetorical encomiums, 
^Akh ^y uttered in a dark and unintelligible stite^ 
'Simt poets or bards wiere likewise intituied formerty 
to thue bridegreierin'R upper garmekit, but now must 
f#nteni themsekes with what he is pleased to give 

^ Tilt Mnndaia had fbrnieily a wicked ensftom of 

DBS 



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condidtuig ifivisiUe otacles, coaeerning thefitteof 
battles and fimilies ; and this they perfonped three, 
several vr^yn. The first vms by a company of men^ 
one of whom being chosen by lot,- was carried by 
night to a river, which, was the boundary betwixt 
t^Q villages, and four of the company taking him 
by Ae legs and arms^ they struck his hips with force 
against. the bank, and one of them crying^ ^ Whai 
have you got here?' aaotker answered^ ^Jk log of 
birch-wood :' upon which the other replied, < Let 
his invisible firiends -appear from all qfuarters -apd- 
relieve him, by giving a present answer to our de- 
mands.' And iq a few miniites after, a nuaibei: of 
little creatures came from fiea, answered the ques- 
tion, and disappeared. Then the man was set at 
liberty, and the. people returned home to take mea*. 
siiures according to the response, which was stiU am- 
biguous, and so the poor fools were deluded. * And 
this consultation was generally fiital to those who 
practised it, as was evident in a mischievous race of 
people, who consulted it about sixty-two years ago, 
and are since extinguished both root and branch. 

" T^eir second way was by a company of men re- 
tiring into a solitary place, where they singled out 
one of their number,' and wrapped him in a big 
cow's hide, covering him all with it except his'head, 
and left him so ail night, until his invisible friends 
relieved }iim by answering the questions proposed, 
and his neighbours returned to Him in the morning 
to know what it was. Our author tells that one 
John Eraoh, an inhabitant of Lewis, acquainted 
Mr. Alexander Cooper, present minister of North- 
Vest^ that it was his lot to be erne night within an 



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kide, as aboye nientioied, idartng which time he 
felt itnd heard such terrible things that he could not 
express {hem, 'and said with an air of great remorse, 
that he would not do the* like again for a thousand 
worids^ 
'• ^ The third way of-consultation was by putting a 
live cat on a spit;* and one of tiie company asking 
Ae person what he was doing ? He answered, ^ I 
roa^ this cat until bis friends answer the qoestion 'J 
and afterwards a big cat, attended with a number of 
iesser ones, came to reltere the cat and answer the 
questions : and if the answer were the same with those 
given to the man in the hide, it was believed to be 
infidliUe. 

^< The next remarkable thing we shall tsd^e notice 
of, is our author^'s account of the Second Sight, and 
his remarkable instances to prove it. The Second 
Sighty he says, is a singular faculty of seeing an 
otherwise imrisible t>bject, without any previous 
means used by the person that sees it for that end: 
The vision makes such a lively* impression upon the 
seer^ that they neither see nor think of any thing 
else^ -as long as it continues, and then they are pen- 
sme or jovial, according to the object represented 
to them. This faculty does not descend lineally, as 
some liave imagined, nor is it acquired by any pre- 
vious compact, or any way commiinicaUe by one 
to another. The seer knov^s hothing of it before it 
appears, and the same object is frequently seen by 
different persons at a, considerable distance from one 
another. If the object appears early in the morn-^ 
ing, it will be accomplished in a few* hours after- 
ward $ if at bood^ it will commonfy be acoomplished 



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Ont ireiy dfljr ; if ni Mbe evMkl|p perhi^ that iiigli^ 
the later idways in ^aobota^atunent bjr w^selo^ 
fBonthS) and sometimeg years, accordinf to the tine 
0f night the viskm appears. When a «hrowd is 
perceived about one, it is a sure progaostidi of 
death. The tine is judged aceopdbg to the height 
of it about the person, ibr if k'be not above the 
toiddtei death it not expected for the space of a 
3^ear| a«d perhaps some months longier» Persons 
that are to be nerrted, together, ure-sectn etanding 
bj one/another's sides, and soinettme& two or three 
together, according to the number of wives or faus* 
bands. To see a'spark of fire fall upon ooe*8 arm 
or breast, is a sign of a dead child to be seen in the 
arms o^ those persons. Tt> see a sast'efiiq>ty at the 
time one sits in it, is a presage for the person's 
qpeedy death. Sometimes they are forewarned of 
death by a cry ot vmce out of doors, and sometiialM 
they foresee things of such small consequence^ <as 
that they are to have fish or flesh in the house, and 
that such and such persons of no figure w91 visit 
them, &c. That if these visions be represetvted by 
spirits^ it wouM seem that they sometimes act a 
ludicrous and comical, as weli as a* tragical and 
superstitious part, as any one may see by perusing 
our author s instance?, for which we rder to the book 
itself^ and also^for Ihs answers ^ the ol^jectioiis 
taade agamdt the Secdnd Sight, 

^^ The last thing we shall take imotioe of is our 
author's scheme for improving tr^de l^ sea and 
hind in those islands, which, acisording to him, 
mgH bo tha most conaiderabK pm*ticukrly fyf 
firidnfr, pf any^ perbipain the Imowtt w^aiid| mi pot 



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Ml pnieike wiA the leut.troable an4 McpeMe, fpr 
«*iiieh we bIwII ako refer the eurioas on that sulgert 
tothebookilaeM:**' 

* Having thus pointed out a full account of the \Ve8tern Islands 
4>f Sootland, I witf takA th« opportuaity of cdlifig to ike rendei'^ 
notice a late publicatioB on the NotHteoi Islands, evtitled *' Tbe 
history of the Orkney Islands ; in wbich is comprehended ^n ac- 
count of their present as well as other ancient state: together with 
tbe advantages they possess for several branches of industry, and 
*he means by which they may b€ knproved ; illustrated with an 
Accurate and extensive maj^of the wboie islands* and with pbAes of 
some of tbe most interesting ol^cta they contain. By the Rev. 
•George Barry, D. D. late Minister of Shapinshay," in one vol. 4to. 
In the Monthly Magazine for August, 1805/ p. 92, is the following 
account of the author*' 

*' At Shapinshay, died in July last, the Rev. Dr. George Barry, 
aged 67. He was a hative of Berwickshire, educated in the Uni- 
versity of £dinbur|ph, and wns for a short time employed as teacher 
of the sons of some gentlemen in Orkney, by whose patronage he 
became second minister of the Royal burgh and ancient cathedral 
;of Kirkwall ; from whence about nine years ago, he was translated 
io Ihe udnnd uid pariA of Shapinshay. He has left a widow and 
nine children, and many respectable friends to mourn his death. 
With fidelity and zeal he discharged the duties of the pastoral 
' office. His statistical account of his two parishes, published by Sir 
John Sinclair, first rescued his name from that obscurity, in which 
it was plaoed by local situation, and drew from an impartial pub> 
lie, a hightl^^ree 6f approbation. Few men paid more attention to 
the education pf youth than Dr. Barry. His own children he taught 
with all the skiH of philosophy, and all the tenderness of parental 
affection. The same skill, united with no common degree of care, 
he extended, not only to thi youth of his own, but to those of all the 
diff^erent parishes in the coiihty. Sensible of his zeal in this respect, 
the Society for propagating Christian Knowledge in Scotland, up- 
wards of five years ago, chose him one of their members, and g£lve 
him a superintendence over their schools in Orkney. Soon after, 
*the University of Edinburgh conferred on him the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. For several years past Dr. Barry employed his leisure 
Jioarf inpompoiing a civil and natural history of .all the dxty-ieven 



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408 

Thftve was a^seeood editira of Martni's Hebrides^ 
1716, .Svo. much corrected*. Martin .wa» a native 
of one of these islands, where he Ih ed as a fiusCor. < • 

Art.* DLXXXIV. Great Britain^ Horn/ Comlfe 
'or DaiMtf Pig and PorKi Containing variety of 
vert/ pleasant and delightfutt story es and jests both 
in proes and verse for any Reeder that shall happen 
to pervse the same for his divirtion. Together with 
the dfeadfull combate bettceen More of More Halt 
and the Dragon of Wantly. . 

Mirth with thy labour sometimes put in eurv* 
The better thou uiayest thy labour endure. 

Written by Marwaduke Merryman Gent. Anno 
Bom. 1712. il/S. Octavo, pp. 30^., 

Marmaduke Merryman was William Warier, 
,0Qee a stationer in Fleet Street, and. succeeded in 
hi£^ business by John Lenthall, who had served bit 

Islands of Orkney, coipprehepding aq a&pount of t|iQir original 
population, their ancient history, while a sepai^te indepeudent' 
principality, whose warlike princes, in alliaace with Norway and 
Penraark, ranked ^ith those of Europe ; and ^Iso theif present con- 
dition and the means by which they may be improved. Tiiis his* 
tory'was p^bli6hed two months agQ, in Edinburgh^ in one large 
quarto volume, illustrated by a map of all the isIeS) friths, and 
harbQH^t^ ancj^l^o with twelve elegant plat^ of the most grand i^fvl 
interesting objects of antiquity. From the testimpny of several of 
the most respectable and learnisd sentlepien in Scotland it is be- 
U.evod, that this puriou^ history of on^e of th^ most sequestered pro- 
Tinces of Britain,, will, from tliCf depth qf its research, the iiccuracy 
of the ni^rratjve, an(} the cla^s cal elegance of jts composition, 
t^ansipit tl)e namp qt }t^ a|it|ipr to future ages irit|i §oi^e degree f)f 



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«0B 

«pprenttc66liip*lo him, and afterwards married Us 
dkughter. Mr. Warier went, to Uve on big inde* 
pendente' at Hawthorn, neeir Windsor, where a 
IKirtion of his leisure hours was probably occupied 
19 forming this collection of above 170 various ar* 
tides. The majority, if not all, have certainly been 
printed, and the stories are, in general, too mudi 
^Dcunabertd with prefatory, matter for the poignancy 
of the wit to be felt, or the detail to create amuse* 
ment. The following is^n entire one. 

^* Thepanyer man of the Inner Temptt^ London^ who 
, dyed and was buryed in the Cloysters, 

^^ There is a certaine diminutive officer belonging 
to the Inner Temple Hall, who goes by thepame of 
the panyer man, whose office is to lay the cloths on 
the tables in the hall, set salt sellers, cut bread, whet 
the knives, ^nd wait on the gentlemen, and fetch 
them beer and other necessaries when they are in 
commons in term time. He also blows the great 
born between twelve pnd one of the clock at noon, 
at mos| of the corners in the temple, three times, 
presently, one after another, to call the gentlemen 
that are in commons to dinner, and after dinner to 
clear the tables of the napkins and table-cloths; 
for they use no trenchers, it is against the rules of 
the house; fearing least there should happen any 
quar* els amongst them, and throw their trenchers at I 
one another'^ heads, the corners of the trenchers ' 
Plight strike into their skulls, and let out all the 
Ifkw they had beeq gathering up a great while and 
^o.spQil them for being made Serjeants and judges; 
)i>ut instead of trepchers they baye every pne 9 ^iqe 



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410 

of bread wbieh tliej cat- their meet apon. Thk 
psnyer Bdan took occasioa to depart this Ufe ; the 
houfliie bvryed htiD intho clo3r9tefs whem th» rest of 
the hooeehtrfd servmnts used to be bui^ed. Ii^ tiro 
or three dayft after this panjer man wa6 burjed, tiiere 
was sotnebodj, that had a mind to shew the creadi 
of his vnderBtanding, writes these verses on a peece 
of paper, in capital letters, and paists thetoi ore? 
the paayer man'^ head, which are as follows ; 
Here lyes a man this paTement vbder. 
Who vsed to make the clojsters thunder; 
Who with his horn, when that he blew it^ 
Card many a cuckold to dinner that never knew it." 

To this may be added the following abbre* 
viations. 

Charlds the Second in a sumnaer evening ex* 
cnrsion ^' up the Thames to Chelsea Reach, about 
two miles above Whitehallj which was called New 
Hide park, where tnafiy people resorted in boats t6 
see him,^' having heard a piece of gross water wit 
iirom a turnip woman, plays it off afterwards on his 
brother the Duke of York, who hated a joke, and 
then demands a guinea as the price the original cost 
his Majesty. The Duke of York was answered by 
Stephen, the corn-cuiter, on his inquiring the most 
Reasonable time for that operation taking place when 
his Graccf's stockings were off. 

An old lady consulting her grand-childi^n on the 
inlbje^t of her maftying again, it is thought prac* 
ticable if she can see a needle stuck in the ridge of 
a barn; full of expectation, with the help of spec- 
tadb^, she qtrickly proclaims a discovery of the 
Aeedlei btrt unforttmateljr eanndt see the bam. 



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411 

The want oT a nose by Sir WilUad D'Aveoaat 
iaved a fishmonger's boy, who had aecidentaUy 
^plashed him. when passing with water, (torn the 
poet's fttry, by his declaring it was done from re- 
¥enge because Sir William bad blown his no%e upon 
the fish. 

Such are ihe features of Ais triml and, in many 
respects, exceptionable collection, described as de* 
lightful and pleasant in the title.. One fourth of 
the quantity, consisting of literary memorandums 
and matter incidental to . the writer's business, and 
which must occasionally have &llen within his oWti 
knowledge^ would have been invaluable for in- 
formation* The volume, in its present state, is a 
record of useless labour, and has long been out- 
rivalled by the brevity of any modern jest book. 

J.H. 



Ai^t. DLXXXV. Moral Essays on some of the 
most curious ond signifbDOnt Englishj Scotch and 
Foreign Pr&oerbi. By Samuel Palmer^ Preibyter 
icftke Church of EfigloHd^ London, Svo. Printed 
fey Tho. Hodgifiy for JR. Bomoitkey W. Freeman^ 
*c. ^. 1710. 
This atithor, as appears #oni a MS. note, was 

once a Noiyurdr ; and afterwards a clergyman of 

the €hurch of England. 

AttT. DLXXXVI. Essays upon several Moral 

SubjeetSy by Jeremy Collier ^ M. A. 3 vols. Svo, 

The Sefoenth Editioncorreisted. London. Printed 

for J, and J. Knapton^ 0. StrahMf dfc. 1732. 

It is astoniAing tiiat thk work has not been 

l^fprinted, J.S.C, 



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41S 

Abt. DLXXXVII. a Sermoff preached before 
ihe Untfoersitt/ of Oxford in the year 1694f, on 
the Text found upon the Pope, now a Prisoner in 
the Cock'pit, By Thomas iMshington, D. D. 
** His disciples came by oight aod stole bim away.^ 

Matt. xxTiii. 13» . 
-London. Printed in the year J7H. Price 2d. 

pp. 16. 

" To the Reader. 

^' The foUowiog Sermon is so very entertaining 

aqd ingenious, that, lest the reader should imagine 

he is imposed on bj the title, and should rashl/ 

conclude from his own, experience, that so much 

wit never proceeded from the pulpit, I refer him 

to my Lord Clarendon's f^ Animadversions on 

Cressy's Fanaticism^ * Sfc. p. 22, where he te|ls us 

he was present when it was preached." 

Thomas Lushington was born at Sandwich, in 

Kent, about 1590, and related to a family seated 

^bout that time at Sittingbotirne, in the same 

county, and still remaining there and elsewhere.f 

He was of Broadgate Hall, Oxford, and a great 

friend of the witty Bishop Corbet ; became in 1631 

Prebendary of Salisbury, and in 1632 Rector of 

fiurnham Westgate in Norfolk, and Chaplain* to 

Charles I. fle died 22 Dec. 166J, aged 72, and 

was buried at Sittingbourne, where a handsome 

monument was erected to his memory. ^' He was," 

says Wood, ^' esteemed a right reverend and learned 

theologist, yet in many matters imprudent, ^nd too 

much inclined to the opinions of Socinns. His 

preaching also, while he remained in the tJnivet:sity, 

.' * Londoii, 1674, 8vo. See Wood's Atli. H. 53(5. 
- 1 Of vhich family is the prejient Secretary to the Treasury^ aa4 
M. P. for Canterbury. 

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413 

WBs generally well esteemed, and never gave dis- 
taste, but in one sermon*, which, though esteemed 
by some to be admirable, yet by more, blasphemous. 
An account of which you shall have as it followetb. 
In the 3^ear 1624, (S3 Jam. I.) nothing but war 
with Spain sounding in the ears of the vulgar upon 
the breaking off of the Spanish Match with Prince 
Charles, it pleased this our author to utter in his 
Sermon on Matth. xxviii. 13, at St. Mary's, on Easter 
Monday, these words : ' Now the peasant thinks it 
comes to his turn under pretence of his privilege in 
parlidmenty that he should dispose of Kings and 
commonwealths, ^c' Afterwards also thus: ^ JVb- 
thing now contents the Commonaltt/ but war and 
contention^ Sfc.^ For which and for several other 
passages reflecting on the Spanish Match, he was 
called into> question by Dr. Piers the Vice-Chan- 
cellor, and by him was a time appointed for him to 
recant what he had said. Which being done, not 
without the consent of certain Doctors, the Repeti- 
tioner was commanded to leave out diverse pasf^ages 
of the said sermon, which he, according to custom, 
was to repeat the Sunday after, commonly called 
Low Sunday y 8fc,^^ * 

^« The Truth is," Wood goes on to say, « this our 
preacher was a person more ingenious thaii prudent, 
and more apt upon most occasions to display his 
ian<7, than to proceed upon solid reason ; if not, he 
would not in his said sermon have descailted on the 
whole life of our Saviour, purposely to render him 
undlisattendants, men and Women, otgects of seorn 
and aversion, as if they had beeh apabk of dissdnte 

♦ Wood's Ath. II. 261, 262. ' 



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414 

^fagabonds and chealf . Bol th« betl of it was, tliat 

though he then asaunmd • the person ^ a Jewish 

Pharisee and persecutor of Christ, jfi presentj^y 

after changing his stile, as beeaoie a disciple ot 

Christ, he with such admirable dexterity, as it ia 

jsaid, answered all the ea¥iUati€iaa si,nd iniF6cti?e» 

(^before made, that the loudly repeated applauses of 

,;his hearers hindered him a good space firom proceed- 

^ ing in his sermon.'' 

It seems doubtful by Wood^s- expressions, whe* 
Aer he himself had ever seen this curious perfi>rtn- 
ance. If appears to have been originally published^ 
together with his recantation s^moa, uncter tbd 
following title : 

** The Resurrection rescued from the Soldier's 

CalufnnieSf m two Sermons at St, Mary's in Oxon, 

onMotth. xxviii. IS. and on Acts ii, latter part of the 

first verse. London. IQ59. I2wip." Then published 

under the name of Rob. Jones, D. D. 

It certainly eTchibits proofs of banter and levftj, 
which must astonish all serious readers* The fed** 
loving is iti commeQcemeQit ; ^ 



. <^ What'9 the bwt news, alnroad? Sp wi? must 
b«f in I Tis *e gwb, (ks novellesy) th(? grand «ak*^ 
aiid 4K>m«»oa pr^aoe to all our talk* And the near^ 
geQ9 not aa things are in tbems^lye^, but «» m^en^a 
§mm» arQ Sishi^Mpied) 9a 9<Hoe lust to report^ $m^ 
others to believe. The same relation shall go for 
true ^ jU«a» i^Goordingto the l(ey, wherein m^n'n 
niidi arf tup^d i biit ^i^y aa they stand di^ei«^ 
in religion, so they feign and affect different news. 



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415 

By their news ye may know their reUgioa, and by 
their religion foreknow their Aews. Thi^ week the 
Spanish Match goes forward, and Bethlem Gabor^s 
troops are broken; and the next week Bethlem 
Gabor's troops go forward, and the Spanish Match 
is broken. The Catholic is for the Spanish Matdi, 
and the Protestant for restoring the Palatinate ; and 
each party think that the safety of the church and 
success of religion depends upon the event of one 
or other; and therefore they.crossand oounter-teU 
each other's news. Titius came from London 
yesterday; and he says that the new chapel. at 
St. James's is quite finished: Caius came thence 
but this morning, and then there was no sudi thing 
on building. False news follows true at the heels, 
and oftimes out-strips it. 

*^ Thus goes the Chronicle neWs, the talk of the 
fcctious and pragmatic ; but the Christian news, tiie 
talk of the ftithful, is spent in evangelic, in hearing 
and tdUing some good news of their Saviour ; and 
now all the talk is of his resurrection. The Christian 
current goes, ^ Newa from mount calvary, the six* 
teenth d^y of Nisan, in . the year thirty«-foar, old 
stile,' as the three holy matrons driver it at the 
eighth verse of this chapter. But, since, there are 
c^rt^a soldiers arrived, and th^ say, there was 
no such matter as the resurrection, 'twas but a gull 
put upon the world by his disciples; for it fiu^s 
with spiritual news as with temporal ; it is variously 
and contradictorily related^ till the fidse controuls 
the true. And as our modern news comes neither 
ficom the court, nor from the camp, nor from the 
place where things are acted, but is foiged in coii*- 



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416 

ventid^s hy priests, or in some PaQl's itssembly, or 
such like place, and the divulge committed to some 
vigilant and watchful tongue? so it is with the news 
of the iK>n-resurreGtion ; it came not from Mount 
Galvarj ; but the priests are the authors of it at 
the eleventh verse ; and at the twelfth they firame 
and mould it to the mouth of the watch. The di- 
vulgerp, men of double credit, they know the truth, 
for they are of the watch ; and they will not lie, ibr 
they are soldiers; nay, they will maintain it, for 
they are Knights, Milites, Knights of the Post; they 
are hired to say, saying, and they did say, ^ His 
disciples came bjf nighty and stole Mm dway^ whilst 
we slept .^ 

'' The words are so plain they need no opening. 
May it please you, that I mahe three cursories 
over them ; one for the soldiers ; another for the 
disciples; and the third fcr our Saviour. In the 
two first, we will beat the point, pro and con ; and' 
in the latter reconcile it, for that's the fashion also. 
No error so absurd but finds a patron ; nor truth 
so sound, but meets with an adversary ; no point' 
controverted but the opposite tenet may be recon- 
ciled. Be they distant as heaven and hell ; as in- 
compatible as Jew and Christian, yet they shall meet 
with a moderator, and a cogging distinction shali 
state the question on the absurder side."^ 

* The carious pamphlet, from whenee these extracts are taken, 
was furnnbed by an anonymdus friend, to whom jthe Editor returns 
bis thanks. 

END OF VOL. VI. 



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