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Full text of "Census of business, 1935 : mines and quarries"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06398 422 1 




FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
APRIL. 1, 1937 



^r-. /- 



lirintiAov 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS_ 
WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



BASALT INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Basalt quarries and finishing plants operated by quarry companies in 
the United States in 1935 employed 3,147 wage earners and paid wages totalling 
$2,841,120. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total 
reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a 
somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in the production 
of basalt during the year for nearly 5,000 were employed in the peak month. 
Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others working on 
a salary basis in basalt production in 1935 totalled 570 with salaries amount-' 
ing to $1,027,305. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased 
electric current amounted to $3,659,175. Supplies and materials comprised 73 
percent of the total; fuel, 12 percent; and purchased electric current, 15 per- 
cent. The total value of products of the industry in 1935 was $10,854,620, 
which includes $47,760 derived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales reali zation >, \ 
and cost. (^W( 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A. T. Coons 
and E. T. Shuey of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
FEBRUARY 4, 1937 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation witii the Bureau of Mines 



BAUXITE INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Bauxite mines and benef iciating plants in the United States in 1935 em- 
ployed 559 wage earners and paid wages totalling $330,196. The number of 
wage earners was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on 
the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure 
than the total number actually engaged in the production of bauxite during 
the year for nearly 700 were employed in the peak month. The entire industry 
is centralized in Arkansas, Alabama, and Georgia. Salaried officers, techni- 
cal and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in baux- 
ite mining in 1935 totalled 77 with salaries amounting to $130,721. Expendi- 
tures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $357,525. Supplies and materials comprised 60 percent of the 
total; fuel, 29 percent; and purchased electric curre^nt, 11 percent. The 
total value of products of the bauxite industry in 1935 was $1,545,050. The 
data presented in the accompanying tables are comparable to the Census of 
Mines and Quarries canvass for 1929. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementry questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistican, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by H. W. 
Davis of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 
JUNE 23. 1937 



tU- 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 



Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of IVlines 



BITUMINOUS COAL MINING IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1935 

The mining of bituminous coal was by far the largest employer of labor among the 
mineral industries in 1935. The soft coal mines employed an average of 435,426 wage 
earners over the year as a whole, the number on the rolls varying from 400,886 in 
Ju]y, the minimum month, to 460,871 in December, the maximum month. The total wages 
paid amounted to 1402,676,694. In addition, $32,531,000 was paid in compensation 
to 16,916 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected 
therewith. The latter figures do not include salaried personnel at general adminis- 
trative offices not located at the mines. 

The bituminous coal mines spent 173,704,997 for supplies and materials in 1935, 
not including purchases of new equipment and machinery. The cost of colliery fuel 
was $4,796,141 and of purchased electric power, 125,080,359. 

Comparisons with preceding censuses are given below: 



1919 



1929 



1935 



Percent 
of change 
1929-1935 



Production, net tons 460,425,836 537,442,495 372,253,697 - 30.7 

Value of products 

Coal, value at mine $1,144,322,647 $965,707,288 $657,560,722 - 31.9 

Average value per ton $2,485 $1,797 $1,766 - 1.0 

Other products or services . $1,654,918 $986,483 $913,813 - 7.4 

Total value $1,145,977,565 $966,693,771 $658,474,535 -31.9 

Salaried employees 

Number ". 33,573 20,826 a/16,916 a/ 

Total compensation $68,669,038 $48,840,030 a/$32,531 ,000 a/ 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods ,,,,,,,, 545,798 458,732 435,426 - 5.1 

Wages paid $682,601,068 $574,800,072 $402,676,694 -29.9 

Cost of supplies $142,432,551 $106,438,396 $73,704,997 -30.8 

Cost of fuel $25,896,660 $7,529,305 $4,796,141 -36.3 

Cost of purchased power $11,280,509 $30,739,381 $25,080,359 - 18.4 

Per ton expenditures for: 

Wages $1,483 $1,070 $1,082 + 1.1 

Supplies .309 .198 .198 

Fuel .056 .014 .013 - 7.1 

Purchased electric power ... .025 .057 .067 +17.5 

Ratio of expenditures to 
total value 

Wages 59.6% 59.5% 61.2% + 2.9 

Supplies 12.4% 11.0% 11,2% + 1.8 

Fuel 2.3% .8% .7% -12.5 

Purchased electric power ... 1.0% 3.2% 3.8% + 18.8 

a/ The figures for salaried employees in 1935 are not comparabl'e with those for 1929. 
In both years employees at central offices were returnable on a separate form for 

"General Administrative Office Personnel" and are not included here; but the line 
distinguishing central offices in the two years was differently drawn. In 1929 
many employees at separate administr^t,iy^e offices located in the same county or 
State were grouped with the mine reports. In 1935 only personnel actually at the 
mine or in offices directly connected Jthferewith were included. 



2 - 



These figures include mines producing 2,750.179 tone of lignite in the Dakotas, 
Texas, and Montana and mines producing 423,090 tons of anthracite and semianthracite 
in Arkansas, Colorado, Virginia, and New Mexico, which are grouped for statistical 
convenience with the bituminous coal industry. Separate statistics for the produc- 
tion of lignite, anthracite, and semianthracite are given in the reports of the 
Bureau of Mines. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on all 
branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of the 
Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of 
the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only 
data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages 
paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dup- 
lication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and 
in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to show the 
total volume of expenditures made by the coal industry for supplies, fuel, power, 
and wages and to indicate the long-time relationships of these items set forth 
in the accompanying table. However, no determination of these expenditures by 
the methods of a general Census can attain the accuracy of accounting, such as 
would be needed for the regulation of prices, and the returns in most cases do 
not justify precise comparisons of per-ton costs between districts or between 
types of mines. It should also be noted that many items of cost are not in- 
cluded, such as the purchase of new equipment, depreciation, royalties, depletion, 
interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for 
uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling expenses. It is 
therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the margin, 
if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN ^'^-'^A 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 
APRIL 6, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

t 
Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



»^i\-'- \'^'»-« 

1^^.> 



CLAY MINING INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Clay raining operations engaged solely in production of raw clay in the 
United States in 1935 employed 3,687 wage earners and paid wages totalling 
$2,096,928. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total 
reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives 
a somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in the produc- 
tion of clay during the year for nearly 4,000 were employed in the peak months. 
About 30 percent of the industry is centralized in Georgia. Salaried officers, 
technical and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in 
clay production in 1935 totalled 392 with salaries amounting to $737,490. 
Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $2,018,349. Supplies and materials comprised 68 percent of the 
total; fuel, 13 percent; and purchased electric current, 19 percent. The value 
of products of the clay mining industry in 1935 was $7,056,032, which includes 
$26,908 derived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bur.eau of the Census for the year 
1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide depend- 
able information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dupli- 
cation of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions 
should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The 
Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the 
aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. 
Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for 
the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as royal- 
ties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's- 
compensation. reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling 
expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the 
margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by R.W. Metcalf 
of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. Hughes, Mineral 
Production and Economics Division. 



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MORNING PAPERS 

MAY 21, 1937 



.->:x^ 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
■ WASHINGTDT*^^ 

Census of Business: 1935 • in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN ALABAMA, 1935 

Alabama ranked eighth among the States of the Union in production of coal 
in 1935. The total output of the State was 8,504,510 tons. In comparison with 
the active year 1929, this was a decrease of 53.2 percent. 

The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was $18,250,929. The average 
price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $2.15, as compared with $2.08 in 1929. 
There were 164 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal 
banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage earners 
employed over the year as a whole was 16,261, the number on the rolls varying 
from a minimum of 2,070 in October, when many of the mines were closed by a 
strike, to a maximum of 19,552 in March. The total wages paid amounted to 
$10,737,712. In addition, $1,133,000 was paid in compensation to 610 salaried 
employees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected therewith. The 
latter figures do not include salaried personnel at general administrative 
offices not located at the mines. 

Coal mines in Alabama spent $2,206,418 for supplies and materials in 1935. 
The cost of colliery fuel was $120,011 and of purchased electric power, $879,530. 

Jefferson County was the leading producer in 1935, followed by Walker, 
St. Clair, Bibb, Shelby, Marion, and Blount counties, in the order named. 
Smaller amounts of coal were produced in Cullman, Etowah, Fayette, Jackson, 
Tuscaloosa, and Winston counties. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on all 
branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of the 
Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of 
the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only 
data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages 
paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dup- 
lication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and 
in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. K. 
Young, and M. E. V/ilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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MORNING PAPERS 



MAY 7. 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON ' 

Census of Business. 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of IVlines 



COAL MINING IN ARKANSAS, 1935 

The coal production of the State of Arkansas, though small, is of excellent 
quality, and Arkansas domestic coals enjoy a favorable reputation over a wide 
market. In 1935, the mines of the State produced 1,133,279 tons of coal. This 
was a substantial increase over 1934, but a decrease, in comparison with the ac- 
tive year 1929, of 37.9 percent. 

The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was $3,447,578. The average 
price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $3.04, as compared with f3.32 in 1929. 
There were 55 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal banks 
producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage earners for 
the year as a whole was 2,890, the number on the rolls varying from 783 in April, 
the minimum month, to 4,053 in October, the maximum month. The total wages paid 
amounted to $1,971,132. In addition, $260,000 was paid in compensation to 149 
salaried employees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected there- 
with, exclusive of salaried personnel at general administrative offices not 
connected with the mines. 

Coal mines in Arkansas spent $403,451 for supplies and materials in 1935. 
The cost of colliery fuel was $19,518 and of purchased electric power-, $187,750. 

Sebastian County was the leading producer in 1935, followed by Logan, 
Johnson, Franklin, and Pope counties in the order named. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on all 
branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of the 
Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of 
the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only 
data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages 
paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dup- 
lication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and 
in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any; between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of .'.lines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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AFTERNOON PAPERS 

APRIL 30, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

•• 3 7 



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Census of Business. 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN COLORADO, 1935 

Colorado, while more widely known for its metal mines, is an important pro- 
ducer of coal. In 1935, the State ranked ninth in tonnage of coal produced, and 
the value of its coal output exceeded that of its gold. 

The total quantity of coal produced in 1935 was 5,910,511 tons. This was a 
substantial increase over 1934, though less than in the prosperous year 1929. 
The total value of the product was $13,674,224. The average price received per 
ton, f.o.h. mine, was |2,31, compared with f2.65 in 1929. There were 263 mines 
in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal banks producing less than 
1,000 tons a year. Over the year as a whole, the mines gave employment to an 
average of 7,823 wage earners. The number on the rolls varied from 5,665 in 
July, the minimum month, to 9,576 in December, the maximum month. The total 
wages paid amounted to $7,871,290. In addition, there were 487 salaried em- 
ployees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected therewith, re- 
ceiving compensation of $792,000. The latter figures do not include salaried 
personnel at general administrative offices not connected with the mines. 

Coal mines in Colorado spent $1,324,383 for supplies and materials in 1935. 
The cost of colliery fuel was $213,177 and of purchased electric power, $500,592. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census, 

A general census was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 1935. 
This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide dependable 
information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid 
duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 
1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabula- 
tion, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in colla- 
boration with F, A, Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN cr J_ L 



MORNING PAPERS 
MAY 7, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BURE AU OF THE CENSU^ 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN IOWA, 1935 

The total production of coal in the State of Iowa in 1935 amounted to 
3,650,163 tons. This was a substantial increase over the low point of the de- 
pression in 1933, but a decrease of 14.8 percent in comparison with the active 
year 1929. The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was $9,001,740. The 
average price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $2.47, as compai'ed with $2.86 
in 1929. 

There were 263 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal 
banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage earners 
for the year as a whole was 6,640, the number on the rolls varying from 4,753 in 
July, the minimum month, to 8,496 in December, the maximum month. The total wages 
paid amounted to $6,090,032. In addition, $623,000 was paid in compensation to 
402 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected there- 
with, exclusive of salaried personnel at general administrative offices not con- 
nected with the mines. 

Coal mines in Iowa spent $805,036 for supplies and materials in 1935. The 
cost of colliery fuel was $72,843 and of purchased electric power, $276,145. 

An outstanding feature of the coal industry in Iowa in recent years has been 
a remarkable increase in the number and tonnage of mines shipping by truck. In 
1935, 1,502,268 tons of coal were reported as sold commercially by truck or wagon, 
in comparison with 1,263,483 tons in 1934. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 1935. 
This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide dependable 
information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid 
duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 
1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabula- 
tion, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in col- 
laboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Ivlines, with the 
collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
JUNE 19, 1937 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS- 
WASHINGTON ^yt^"-*^ '^'^ ' ^ ^ 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN KENTUCKY, IN 1935 

Kentucky ranked fourth among the States of the Union in production of coal 
in 1935. The total output of the State was 40,760,939 tons. In comparison 
with the low point of the depression in 1932, this was a substantial increase, 
although it was 33.1 percent below the active year 1929, 

The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was $65,956,206. The average 
price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $1.62, as compared with $1.54 in 1929. 
There were 495 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal 
banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage earners 
employed over the year as a whole was 49,229, the number on the rolls varying 
from 44,517 in October, the minimum month, when a number of mines in certain 
fields of the State were closed by strikes, to 51,401 in March, the maximum 
month. The total wages paid amounted to $43,527,809. In addition, $3,677,000 
was paid in compensation to 2,160 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in 
offices directly connected therewith. The latter figures do not include salaried 
personnel at general administrative offices not located at the mines. 

Coal mines in Kentucky spent $7,396,103 for supplies and materials in 
1935. The cost of colliery fuel was $367,844, and of purchased electric power, 
$2,358,039. 

Harlan County was the leading producer in 1935, followed by Pike, Letcner, 
Floyd, Perry, Hopkins, Muhlenberg, Webster, and Bell counties in tne order named. 
Smaller amounts of coal were produced in 28 other counties of the state. 

These data are based upon replies furnished by mine operators to certain 
special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census, 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on all 
branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of the 
Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the 
Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only data 
on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, 
and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of 
statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions should 
be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The 
Bureau of Mines has been responsible S^or their collection and tabulation, with the 
aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Cerisus and in collaboration with 
F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for 
the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as 
royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, 
workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative 
and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of 
production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, V/. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. ' '•'' ' 



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MORNING PAPERS "^^^U-, J 

APRIL 14, 1937 ^-*iXJT 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

^ V^ 1 > q ^ 7 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN MARYLAND, 1935 

Coal mining remains one of the largest industries of Western Maryland. In 
1935 the value of product of the Allegheny County mines was $2,499,062 and that 
of the Garrett County mines, $766,896. 

For the State as a whole, the total production of coal in 1935 amounted to 
1,678,059 tons, a decrease, when compared with the prosperous year 1929, of 36.4 
percent. The total value at the mines was $3,265,958. There were 114 mines in 
operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal banks producing less than 
1,000 tons a year. Over the year as a whole, the mines gave employment to an 
average of 2,797 wage earners. The number on the rolls varied from 3,059 in 
February, the maximum month, to 2,523 in July, the minimum month. The total 
wages paid amounted to $2,335,164. In addition, there were 94 salaried employees 
engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected therewith receiving compen- 
sation of $149,000. The latter figures do not include salaried personnel at 
general administrative offices not connected with the mines. 

Expenditures made by the mines for supplies and materials amounted to 
$310,890. The cost of colliery fuel was $13,415 and of purchased electric 
power, $93,271. 

The average price received per ton, f.o.b. mines, was $1.95 in 1935, as 
against $1.75 in 1929. The 7-hour working day prevailed at all but a few of the 
smaller mines, and the average output per man per day was 3.17 tons. 

A significant development in the Maryland coal industry in recent years has 
been the growing tonnage marketed by truck. In 1935, mine operators reported a 
total of 243,979 tons of coal sold commercially by truck or wagon. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
tne total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other admin- 
istrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total 
cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 



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MORNING PAPERS 
APRIL 14, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON ^ 



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Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN MICHIGAN, 1935 

The total production of coal in the State of Michigan in 1935 amounted 
to 628,384 tons, a decrease of 21.9 percent when compared with the prosperous 
year 1929. The total value at the mines was $2,017,467. The average price 
received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $3.21, as compared with $3.61 in 1929. 
There were 20 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal 
banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage 
earners for the year as a whole was 1,302, the number on the rolls varying 
from 418 in July, the minimum month, to 1,648 in December, the maximum month. 
The total wages paid amounted to $1,256,036. In addition $97,000 was paid 
in compensation to 49 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in offices 
directly connected therewith, exclusive of salaried personnel at general ad- 
ministrative offices not connected with the mines. 

Coal mines in Michigan spent $271,314 for supplies and materials in 
1935. The cost of colliery fuel was $76,194 and of purchased electric power, 
$66,018. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, 
W. H.Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 



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FOR USE IN 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 

APRIL 13, 1937 ^^<^^Z^i^ 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN MISSOURI, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of Missouri gave employment to an average of 5,146 
persons in 1935, paid out $3,262,035 in wages and |402,246 in salaries, and spent 
$1,106,240 for mine supplies and $381,325 for purchased electric power. Compar- 
isons with 1929, the latest preceding census, are given below. 

Percent 
1929 1935 of_change 

Number of mines 190 201 +5.8% 

Coal produced, net tons 3,963,458 3,645,996 - 8.0 

Value of products, total 1/ $9,667,708 $6,961,844 -28.0 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 235 216 - 8.1 

Compensation $481,235 $402,246 -16.4 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 4,657 4,930 +5.9 

Wages paid $5,150,487 $3,262,035 -36.7 

Cost of supplies $1,145,658 $1,106,240 -3.4 

Cost of fuel $136,956 $34,008 -75.2 

Cost of purchased electric power $241,815 $381,325 +57.7 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass 
included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel 
and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supple- 
mentary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for 
the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in 
collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the Lotal volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance^ 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other aa- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
^oung, and M. E, Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berqulst. 



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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 

APRIL 6, 1937 



/^spbi^J— 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 



Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



2,758,906 


-19.9% 


4,146,907 


-44.3 


74 


-35.7 


$152,666 


-52.4 


1,492 


-24.8 


1,780,904 


-47.9 


$5,883 


-84.3 


$147,053 


- 6.0 



COAL MINING IN MONTANA, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of Montana gave employment to an average of 1,566 
persons in 1935, and paid out $1,780,904 in wages and $152,666 in salaries. 
Expenditures for colliery fuel were reported as $5,883, for purchased electric 
power $147,053, and for supplies (including payments to stripping contractors 
for items other than wages and power) $938,524. Comparisons with 1929, the 
latest preceding census, for such items as are directly comparable, are given 
below. 

Percent 
1929 1935 of change 

Coal produced, net tons 3,442,518 

Value of products, total 1/ $7,448,138 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 115 

Compensation $320,498 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 1 , 983 

Wages paid $3,420,551 

Cost of fuel $37,462 

Cost of purchased electric power ... $156,490 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or service. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to pro- 
vide dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly 
covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agri- 
culture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, 
the canvass included not only data on production and value but also cost of 
materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of 
salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was ar- 
ranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' 
annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible 
for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the 
Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, 
Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 



Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 



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FOR USE IN Oi L 

MORNING PAPERS ^P^rJ-^^<A 

APRIL .*r-1937 

/^ DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 

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Percent 


1935 


of change 


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-47.2% 


$3,723,082 


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$347,006 


-27.4 


2,300 


-26.? 


$2,189,057 


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$421,028 


-51.0 


162,573 


-31.2 


$104,881 


-37.3 



Census of Business: 1935 • in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN NEW MEXICO, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of New Mexico gave employment to an average of 
2,457 persons in 1935. paid out $2,189,057 in wages and $347,000 in salaries, 
and spent $421,028 for mine supplies and $104,881 for purchased electric power. 
Comparisons with 1929, the latest preceding census, are given below. 



1929 

Coal produced, net tons 2,631,512 

Value of products, total 1/ $8,324,312 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 185 

Compensation $477 , 802 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 3,120 

Wages paid $4 , 587 , 017 

Cost of supplies $859,312 

Cost of fuel $90,969 

Cost of purchased electric power ... $167,294 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to pro- 
vide dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly 
covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agri- 
culture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, 
the canvass included not only data on production and value but also cost of 
materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of 
salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was ar- 
ranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' 
annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible 
for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the 
Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, 
Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 
Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, with 
the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS ,'<V-Gu/ — 

APRIL 13, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CEN SUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 

COAL MINING IN NORTH DAKOTA, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of North Dakota gave employment to an average of 1,285 
persons in 1935, paid out $1,011,273 in wages and $132,000 in salaries, and spent 
$368,609 for mine supplies and $120,941 for purchased electric power. Comparisons 
with 1929, the latest preceding census, are given below. 

Percent 
1929 1935 2l_chang,e 

Number of mines 115 161 +40.0% 

Coal produced, net tons 1,853,604 1,955,510 +5.5 

Value of products, total 1/ $3,206,931 $2,432,993 -24.1 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 67 84 +25 . 4 

Compensation $167 , 878 $132 , 000 -21 . 4 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 994 1,201 +20.8 

Wages paid $1,289,376 $1,011,273 -21.6 

Cost of supplies $348,451 $368,609 + 5.8 

Cost of fuel $49,615 $24,510 -50.6 

Cost of purchased electric power $67,931 $120,941 +78.0 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass 
included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel 
and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supple- 
mentary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for 
the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in 
collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, V/. H. Young, 
and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division. Bureau of Mines. 



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FOR USE IN 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 

APRIL 30, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON^ 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 

COAL MINING IN TENNESSEE, 1935 



The total production of coal in the State of Tennessee in 1935 amounted to 
4,137,802 tons. This was a substantial increase over the low point of the de- 
pression in 1932, but a decrease of 23.4 percent when cornpared with the active 
year 1929. 

The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was 17,434,826. The average 
price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $1.60, as compared with $1.69 in 1929. 
There were 104 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal 
banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number of wage earners 
employed over the year as a whole was 6,926. The number on the rolls varied from 
a minimum of 1,840 in October, when many of the mines were closed by a strike, 
to a maximum of 7,776 in December. The total wages paid, exclusive of salaries 
of supervisory employees, amounted to $4,667,693. In addition, $604,000 was 
paid in compensation to 394 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in 
offices directly connected therewith. The latter figures do not include 
salaried personnel at general administrative offices not located at the mines. 

Coal mines in Tennessee spent $774,967 for supplies and materials in 1935. 
The cost of colliery fuel was $69,227 and of purchased electric power, $276,702. 

Campbell County was the leading producer in 1935, followed by Anderson, 
Claiborne, Fentress, twarion, and Morgan counties, in the order named. Smaller 
amounts of coal were produced in 11 other counties in Eastern Tennessee. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on 
all branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of 
the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies 
of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not 
only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid 
duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and 
in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. Tt is therefore impossible to compute the 
toual cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, 
W. H. Young, and M. E. VUlson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of 
Mines, with the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
APRIL 14, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 



^. 



Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN TEXAS, 1935 

The State of Texas, in addition to its great resources of petroleum and natu- 
ral gas, is a small producer of both lignite and 'bituminous coal. In 1935 bitumi- 
nous coal was mined in 3 counties of the State and lignite in 8 counties. The mines 
produced 35,971 tons of bituminous coal and 721,558 tons of lignite, a total of 
757,529 tons. In comparison with 1929, a year of business activity, this was a 
decrease of 31.5 percent. 

The total value of the coal at the mines was $653,552. The average price re- 
ceived per ton, f.o.b. mines, was reported as $2.70 for bituminous coal and $.77 
for lignite. There were 18 mines in operation in 1935, exclusive of wagon mines 
or country coal banks producing less than 1,000 tons a year. The average number 
of wage earners employed for the year as a whole was 261 in the bituminous mines 
and 522 in the lignite mines. The total wages paid amounted to $408,213. In 
addition, there were 38 salaried employees engaged at the mines or in offices 
directly connected therewith receiving a compensation of $44,000. The latter 
totals are exclusive of salaried personnel at general administrative offices not 
located at the mines. 

The coal mines of Texas spent $86,919 for supplies and materials and $16,469 
for purchased electric power. The cost of colliery fuel was $5,483. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass 
included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel 
and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supple- 
mentary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for 
the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in 
collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for 
the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as 
royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, 
workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administra- 
tive and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost 
of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. 'Xoung, 
and M. E. Wilson, of the Coai Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 






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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
MARCH 30, 1937 



£^ 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN UTAH, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of Utah gave employment to an average of 2,816 persons 
in 1935, paid out $3,229,849 in wages and $405,293 in salaries, and spent $708,660 
for mine supplies and $333,005 for purchased electric power. Comparisons with 1929, 
the latest preceding census, are given below. 







Percent 


1929 


1935 


of change 


40 


40 





5,131,634 


2,946,918 


-42.6% 


$13,145,832 


$6,091,286 


-53.7 


281 


197 


-29.9 


$825,248 


$405,293 


-50.9 


3,452 


2,619 


-24.1 


$6,635,673 


$3,229,849 


-51.3 


$1,640,510 


$708,660 


-56.8 


$27,655 


$8,235 


-70.2 


$428,784 


$333,005 


-22.3 



Number of mines 

Coal produced, net tons 

Value of products, total i/ 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 

Compensation 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 

Wages paid 

Cost of supplies 

Cost of fuel 

Cost of purchased electric power .... 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to cer- 
tain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by cooper- 
ative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 
1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide dependable 
information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other divi- 
sions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies 
of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only data 
on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and 
number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statisti- 
cal inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to 
the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has 
been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed 
by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, 
Census of Business. 



The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for the 
items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as royalties, 
depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's compen- 
sation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling expenses, 
It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the margin, if 
any, between sales realization and cost. 



Detailed data in ^he following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. Young, 
and M. E. V/ilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 



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FOR USE IN 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 

APRIL 30, 1937 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 



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Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 
COAL MINING IN VIRGINIA, 1935 



Virginia ranked seventh among the States of the Union in production of 
coal in 1935. The total output of the State was 9,667,018 tons. In compari- 
son with the low point of the depression in 1932, this was a substantial in- 
crease, although it was 24.2 percent below the active year 1929. 

The total value of the coal produced in 1935 was $17,127,756. The average 
price received per ton, f.o.b. mine, was $1.77, as compared with $1.64 in 1929. 
There were 82 mines in operation, exclusive of wagon mines or country coal banks 
producing less than 1,000 tons a year . The average number of wage earners era- 
ployed over the year as a whole was 12,486, the number on the rolls increasing 
from 12,316 in January to 13,408 in December. The total wages paid amounted to 
$11,114,467. In addition, $902,000 was paid in compensation to 532 salaried 
employees engaged at the mines or in offices directly connected therewith. 
The latter figures do not include salaried personnel at general administrative 
offices not located at the mines. 

Coal mines in Virginia spent $1,783,068 for supplies and materials in 
1935. The cost of colliery fuel was $30,797 and of purchased electric power, 
$667,361. 

Wise County was the leading producer in 1935, followed by Tazewell, 
Buchanan, Lee, Dickenson, Russell, Montgomery, and Pulaski counties, in the 
order named. A notable feature of the coal industry of the State in recent 
years has been the development of a new field in Buchanan County. The pro- 
duction of that county has increased from less than 40,000 tons in 1932 to 
1,360,668 tons in 1935. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on 
all branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of 
the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of 
the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only 
data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages 
paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid 
duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary 
questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and 
in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
x,he total cost of production or the margin, if any., between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, 
W. H. Young, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of 
Mines, with the collaboration of F. E. Berquist. 



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FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
MARCH 31, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 



Census of Bus i ness : 1935 



cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



COAL MINING IN WASHINGTON, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of Washington gave employment to an average of 2,308 
persons in 1935, paid out 12,534,192 in wages and f 334, 727 in salaries, and spent 
$500,848 for mine supplies and $184,543 for purchased electric power. Comparisons 
with 1929, the latest preceding census, are given below. 







Percent 


1929 


1935 


of change 


2,602,030 


1,559,206 


-40.1% 


$8,639,739 


$4,685,992 


-45.8 


2,835 


2,145 


-24.3 


$4,698,325 


$2,534,192 


-46.1 


$696,688 


$500,848 


-28.1 


$60,858 


$30,223 


-50.3 


$232,900 


$184,543 


-20.8 



I 



Coal produced, net tons 

Value of products, total 1/ 

Wage earners employed 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 

Wages paid 

Cost of supplies 

Cost of fuel 

Cost of purchased electric power .... 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 
1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide depend- 
able information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dupli- 
cation of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions 
should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The 
Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the 
aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. 
Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for 
the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as royal- 
ties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's 
compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling 
expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the 
margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 



Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. 
and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 



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FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
APRIL X 1937 

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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



1935 


Percent 
of change 


5,177,142 
$11,405,454 


-22 . 7% 
-33.4 


166 
$416,473 


-15.2 
-21.9 


3,938 

$4,934,663 

$1,311,802 

$105,935 

$419,784 


-16.1 
-43.4 
-25.0 
-71.1 
+44.0 



COAL MINING IN WYOMING, 1935 

Coal mines in the State of Wyoming gave employment to an average of 4,106 per- 
sons in 1935, paid out $4,934,663 in wages and $416,473 in salaries, and spent 
$1,311,802 for mine supplies and $419,784 for purchased electric power. Comparisons 
with 1929, the latest preceding census, are given below. 



1929 

Coal produced, net tons 6,700,272 

Value of products, total 1/ $17,118,580 

Salaried employees 

Number at mines 198 

Compensation $533, 184 

Wage earners 

Average number, including 

shut-down periods 4 , 693 

Wages paid $8,716,950 

Cost of supplies $1,750,139 

Cost of fuel $366, 141 

Cost of purchased electric power $291,546 

1/ Includes amount received, if any, for other products or service. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 
1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide depend- 
able information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dupli- 
cation of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions 
should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The 
Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the 
aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. 
Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton costs for 
the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as royal- 
ties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's 
compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling' 
expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the 
margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, W. H. Young 
and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines. 






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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS sA^^t^^iKJ" 

FEBRUARY 15, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - In cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



FELDSPAR GRINDING INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Feldspar grinding mills in the United States in 1935 employed 411 wage 
earners and paid wages totalling $319,769. The number of wage earners was ob- 
tained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each 
month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total number 
actually engaged in grinding feldspar during the year for about 450 were em- 
ployed in the peak months. A large part of the industry is centralized in 
western North Carolina and adjacent Tennessee with Maine, New York, and New 
Jersey also important grinding centers. Salaried officers, technical and 
supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in feldspar 
mills in 1935 totalled 112 with salaries amounting to $251,318. Expenditures 
for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current amounted to 
$499,002. Supplies and materials comprised 71 percent of the total; fuel, 
5 percent; and purchased electric current, 24 percent. The total value of 
products of feldspar grinding mills in 1935 was $2,670,087, which includes 
$10,786 derived from work or services. The value- of crude feldspar produced 
in the United States is, of course, duplicated in the total value of ground 
spar. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that m.any items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by R.W. Metcalf 
of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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1-1 





FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
FEBRUARY 5, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 



Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of IVlines 



FLUORSPAR INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Fluorspar mines and mills in the United States in 1935 employed 927 wage 
earners and paid wages totalling $567,850. The number of wage earners was ob- 
tained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each 
month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total number 
actually engaged in the production of fluorspar during the year for more than 
1,000 were employed in the peak months. About 90 percent of the industry is 
centralized in southern Illinois and northwestern Kentucky. Salaried officers, 
technical and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in 
fluorspar mining in 1935 totalled 82 with salaries amounting to $163,948. Ex- 
penditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $423,125. Supplies and materials comprised 74 percent of the 
total; fuel. 22 percent: and purchased electric current, 4 percent. The total 
value of products of the fluorspar industry in 1935 was $1,560,200, which in- 
cludes $39,000 derived from work or services and $28,000 from by-product lead, 
zinc, and silver. The data presented in the accompanying tables are compar- 
able to the Census of Mines and Quarries canvass for 1929. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volum.e of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized m the following tables were compiled by H. W. 
Davis of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
FEBRUARY 20, 1937. 



S4^u/- 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



FULLER'S EARTH INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Fuller's earth operations in the United States in 1935 employed 783 wage 
earners and paid wages totalling $497,757. The number of wage earners was 
obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of 
each month. This procedure gives a slightly lower figure than the total num- 
ber actually engaged in the production of fuller's earth during the year for 
more than 800 were employed in the peak months. About 65 percent of the in- 
dustry is centralized in Florida and Georgia. Salaried officers, technical 
and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in production 
of fuller's earth in 1935 totalled 91 with salaries amounting to $243,468, 
Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $478,275. Supplies and materials comprised 33 percent of the 
total; fuel, 50 percent; and purchased electric current, 17 percent. The total' 
value of products of the fuller's earth industry in 1935 was $2,236,759. These 
data cover only natural bleaching or filtering claylike materials that have high 
adsorptive capacity without previous chemical treatment for activation. 



These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 



A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to pro- 
vide dependable information on all branches of .American business not regularly 
covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and 
Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and 
quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but also 
cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensa- 
tion of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it 
was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau 
of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been 
responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed 
by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statis- 
tician, Census of Business. 



The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for t'ne items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other adminis- 
trative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total 
cost of production or the margin, if any, betv/een sales realization and cos^. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by R. W. 
Metcalf of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 

MARCH 30, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



GRANITE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Granite quarries and finishing plants in the United States in 1935 em- 
ployed 5,940 wage earners and paid wages totalling $4,972,005. The number of 
wage earners was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the 
fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than 
the total number actually engaged in the production of granite during the 
year for nearly 7,000 were employed in the peak months. Vermont, Massachusetts, 
California, North Carolina, and Georgia are the principal producing States. 
Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others working on 
a salary basis in granite quarrying in 1935 totalled 567 with salaries amounting 
to $1,205,819. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased 
electric current amounted to $4,024,161. Supplies and materials comprised 69 
percent of the total; fuel, 9 percent; and purchased electric current, 22 per- 
cent. The total value of products of the granite industry in 1935 was $13,491,315, 
which includes $22,810 derived from work or services.- 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, v/orkmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A.T. 
Coons and E.T. Shuey of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision 
of H.H. Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN ^^:::t3uf~- 

MORNING PAPERS 
MARCH 3, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

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Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



GYPSUM INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Gypsum mines and mills using domestic crude in the United States in 1935 
employed 2,928 wage earners and paid wages totalling $2,795,321. The number 
of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on 
the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure 
than the total number actually engaged in the gypsum industry during the year 
for more than 3,200 were employed in the peak months. New York, Michigan, Iowa, 
and Texas are the principal producing States. Salaried officers, technical 
and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in the gypsum 
industry in 1935 totalled 359 with salaries amounting to $708,915. Expendi- 
tures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current amounted 
to $4,299,149. Supplies and materials comprised 75 percent of the total; fuel, 
14 percent; and purchased electric current, 11 percent. The combined value of 
calcined and uncalcined gypsum and gypsum products sold by these operations 
in 1935 was $18,829,109. Data for independent operations manufacturing gypsum 
products from purchased calcined gypsum are not included. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by R.W. 
Metcalf of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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MORNING PAPERS V<i-<L^f~ 



JANUARY 26, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 



Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



IRON ORE INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Iron ore mines and benef iciating plants in the United States in 1935 em- 
ployed 14,873 wage earners and paid wages totalling $14,623,599, an average of 
$983 per wage earner. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the 
total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gave 
a somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in the production 
of iron ore during the year for more than 16,000 were employed in the peak 
months. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and other work- 
ing on a salary basis in iron ore raining in 1935 totalled 1,367 with salaries 
amounting to $3,020,285. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and 
purchased electric current amounted to $10,871,646. Supplies and materials com- 
prised 61 percent of the total; fuel, 15 percent; and purchased electric current, 
24 percent. The value of iron ore produced in 1935 was $76,733,841, which in- 
cludes $12,413 derived from work or services as well as manganese-bearing ore 
valued at $1,165,643. Ores containing up to 35 percent manganese are included in 
the 1935 figures to maintain comparability with the Census of Mines and Quarries 
canvass for 1929. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly cov- 
ered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agricul- 
ture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, 
the canvass included not only data on production and value but also cost of 
materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of 
salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was ar- 
ranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' 
annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible 
for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the 
Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F.A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, 
Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by H.W. 
Davis of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H.Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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MORNING PAPERS 

APRIL 30, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
" WASHINGTON 



f 



Census of Business: 1935 -'in cooperation with the Bureau of IVlines 



LIMESTONE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Limestone quarries and finishing plants operated by quarry companies in 
the United States in 1935 employed 29,681 wage earners and paid wages total- 
ling $21,585,187. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the 
total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure 
gives a somewhat lower- figure than the total number actually engaged in the 
production of limestone during the year for nearly 35,000 were employed in the 
peak months. Pennsylvania, New York , Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and Missouri 
are the principal producing States. Salaried officers, technical and supervis- 
ory employees, and others working on a salary basis in limestone production in 
1935 totalled 3,482 with salaries amounting to 16,273,334. Expenditures for 
supplies o.rA materials, fuel, and purchased electric currert amounted to 
$20,473,870. Supplies and materials comprised 65 percent of the total; fuel, 
18 percent; and purchased electric current, 17 percent. The total value of 
products of the industry in 1935 was $55,544,302, which includes $258,995 de- 
rived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any., between sales realization and 
cost. 

Dstailsd data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A.T. 
Coons and E.T. Shuey of the staff of the Bureau of Mines unoer the supervision 
cf H.H. Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
MARCH 30, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 



Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



MARBLE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Marble quarries and finishing plants operated by quarry companies in 
the United States in 1935 employed 2,088 wage earners and paid wages totalling 
$1,412,807. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total 

reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a 
somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in the production 
of marble during the year for nearly 2,400 were employed in the peak month. 
About half the industry is centralized in Vermont. Salaried officers, techni- 
cal and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in marble 
quarrying in 1935 totalled 239 with salaries amounting to $388,255. Expendi- 
tures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current amounted 
to $819,955. Supplies and materials comprised 69 percent of the total; fuel, 
6 percent; and purchased electric current, 25 percent. The total value of pro- 
ducts of the marble industry in 1935 was $2,168,975. 



These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A.T. 
Coons of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 

MAY 22, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 

Census of Business; 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 

METAL MINING IN 1935 

Gold, silver, lead, copper, and zinc mines in the United States in 1935 
employed 60,410 wage earners and paid wages totalling $64,607,562. The number 
of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on 
the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than 
the total number actually engaged in metal mining during the year for more than 
65,000 were employed in the peak month. Metal raining is confined largely to 
western United States. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, 
and others working on a salary basis in mining of gold, silver, lead, copper, 
and zinc in 1935 totalled 5,019 with salaries amounting to $10,453,119. Ex- 
penditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $57,890,815. Supplies and materials comprised 76 percent of the 
total; fuel, 8 percent; and purchased electric current, 16 percent. The total 
value of products of metal mines in 1935 was $222, 408, 033, which includes 
$2,961,112 derived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, 
by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census, 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass 
included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel 
and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplemen- 
tary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in 
collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by C. W. 
Henderson, C. N. Gerry, C. W. Merrill, and J. P. Dunlop of the staff of the 
Mineral Production and Economics Division of the Bureau of Mines. 







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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 

FEBRUARY 24, 1937. 



JpL^h 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

gUREA U OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 



^ 



Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



MICA INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Mica mines in the United States in 1935 employed 250 wage earners and 
paid wages totalling $134,386. The number of wage earners was obtained by 
averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. 
This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total number actually 
engaged in the production of mica during the year for nearly 300 were em- 
ployed in the peak months. More than half of the industry is centralized in 
North Carolina with New Hampshire and Connecticut also important producing 
centers. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others 
working on'a salary basis in mica production in 1935 totalled 27 with sal- 
aries amounting to $32,157. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, 
and purchased electric current amounted to $95,822. Supplies and materials 
comprised 75 percent of the total; fuel, 6 percent; and purchased electric 
current, 19 percent. The value of products of the mica industry in 1935 was 
$278,560. This total represents about 70 percent of the total output of 
mica in 1935; the remaining 30 percent was largely material produced as a by- 
product of feldspar mining for which no separate data on expenditures and em- 
ployment are available. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to pro- 
vide dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly 
covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and 
Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and 
quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but also 
cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensa- 
tion of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it 
was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau 
of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been 
responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed 
by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statis- 
tician, Census of 'Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
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istrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total 
cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by M.A. 
Cornthwaite of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 







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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 

APRIL 30, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BU REAU OF T HE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



MISCELLANEOUS MINING INDUSTRIES IN 1935 



Statistics of value of products, expenditures, and employment in abrasive 
stones, asbestos, mercury, potash, pumice, tripoli, and other miscellaneous 
mining industries can be shown only as totals for the United States. The value 
of products of these industries collectively, however, amounted to $26,159,720, 
and expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric cur- 
rent were $7,251,173. Salaried employees totaled 927, and wage earners 6,028 
with salaries and wages amounting to $2,135,702 and $6,680,532 respectively. 
The growth of the domestic potash industry is shown by the figures. Four op- 
erations in 1935 employed 1,271 wage earners and reported products valued at 
$4,240,273- Data for miscellaneous stone production are combined in a total 
for the United States due to lack of complete coverage of these operations. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled 'by A.E. 
Davis, H.M. Meyer, and A.T. Coons of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under tne 
supervision of H.H. Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 









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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
APRIL 6, 1937 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Vr--^ . I'io'/ 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 

NATIVE ASPHALT AND BITUMEN INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Mines and quarries of native asphalt and bitumen provided employment for 
nearly 500 persons in 1935 and paid wages and salaries totaling $565,384. The 
average number of wage-earners, including part-time workers, was 386; salaried 
employees of the industry numbered 91. Wages paid in 1935 totaled $327,582; 
salaries amounted to $237,802. The number of wage-earners was obtained by 
averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. The 
total number of wage-earners reached a maximum of 542 in June, 1935; and a mini- 
mum of 283 in August. Expenditures for supplies and materials amounted in 1935 
to $441,464; expenditures for fuel to $45,667; and for purchased electric current 
to $21,166. Supplies and materials accordingly comprised 87 percent of the total 
expenditures listed; fuel 9 percent; and purchased electric current 4 percent. 
In 1935 there were 17 independent enterprises producing 314,109 short tons of 
rock asphalt, valued at $1,449,406; and 33,288 tons of gilsonite and wurtzilite, 
valued at $699,355. 

These data are based on replies courteously furnished by mine and quarry 
operators to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass 
included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel 
and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supple- 
mentary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for 
the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and 
tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in 
collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
native asphalt and bitumen industry, but in most cases do not justify the computa- 
tion of per-ton costs for the items listed. It should be remembered that many 
items of cost are not included, such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, 
interest on obligations, insurance, taxes, workers' compensation for accidents, 
reserves for uninsurable hazards and other administrative and selling expenses. 
It is therefore impossible to compute, on the basis of i;he figures furnished, the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A. H. 
Redfield of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of G. R. Hopkins, 
Assistant Chief Economist, Petroleum Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS )f A :n-\ S I a-\ A ^ *• 

MARCH 30, 1937 






DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

^^ -^ 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY IN 1935 
The field work involved in the operation and maintenance of the 54,000 
gas wells in the United States provided employment for an average of 7,288 
wage earners in 1935. In addition there were 2,780 officers, supervisory, 
technical, and clerical employees on salary at field offices. 

Wages paid in 1935 amounted to f7, 280, 000, an average of about |1,000 
per wage earner per year. Although many part-time wage earners were elimi- 
nated from the totals because their low earnings indicated other more lucra- 
tive sources of employment, the "average" wage of $1,000 is probably on the 
low side because of the inclusion of at least 1,000 part-time wage earners in 
some months. Total salaries paid to field employees in 1935 were $3,901,000. 

Expenditures for supplies and materials at gas wells, excluding the cost 
of fuel and the initial costs of drilling new wells totaled $7,495,000 in 1935. 
Expenditures for fuel and electricity were $2,288,000 and $167,000 respectively. 

The marketed production of natural gas in 1935 was 1,916,595,000,000 cubic 
feet, about half coming from the 54,000 "dry" gas wells, the remainder from the 330 
odd thousand oil wells as casinghead gas. The value at the wells of the total 
quantity of natural gas marketed in 1935 was $110,402,000, at points of consumption 
$429,374,000. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by H. Backus 
of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of G. R. Hopkins, 
Assistant Chief Economist, Petroleum Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN '^yL<^''\ 

AFTERNOON PAPERS 
MARCH 3, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

' 3 7 

( 
Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



f- 



NATURAL GASOLINE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

The natural gasoline industry provided employment for nearly 10,000 persons 
in 1935. The average number of wage earners, including part-time workers, was 
7,997; salaried employees with headquarters at or near the plants numbered 1,052 
on about December 15, 1935. It was not possible to obtain an exact separation 
of central office employees engaged primarily in natural-gasoline activities but 
625 such salaried workers were counted for the principal producing States. 
Wages paid in 1935 totaled $10,567,000, plant salaries were $2,105,000, and the 
partial total of central office salaries was $1,752,000. The number of wage 
earners employed declined from 8,176 in January 1935 to 7,900 in December 1935, 
compared with an indicated increase of about 100 during 1934. The census of 
1935, the first ever made for the natural gasoline industry separate from other 
activities in oil and gas, further revealed that plant expenditures for supplies 
and materials amounted to $8,885,000; expenditures for fuel, to $2,620,000; for 
electric current, $481,000; and for blending materials, $585,000. In 1935 there 
were 278 operating companies which operated 715 plants. The production totaled 
1,651,986,000 gallons, valued at $70,940,000, from about 1,822,000,000,000 cubic 
feet of natural gas treated. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by plant operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workm.en's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by E. M. 
Seeley of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of G. R. 
Hopkins, Assistant Chief Economist, Petroleum Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
JUNE 24, 1937 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS_ u> .o^l 
WASHINGTON ^-^--^ ^-T ^^7 

Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



PENNSYLVANIA ANTHRACITE IN 1935 

The mining of Pennsylvania anthracite was the third largest employer of labor 
among the mineral industries in 1935, ranking next to bituminous coal, and oil and 
gas. The number of wage earners on the payrolls of the collieries, washeries, and 
dredges of the anthracite region was 104,764 in February, the maximum month, and 
77,096 in August, the minimum month. The average for the 12 months of tlie year 
was 92,438 men, a figure which is affected by numerous shut downs. Excludings 
the shut-down periods, the average number employed was 101,763, and this figure may 
be accepted as representing the number of wage earners in the customary force of 
the collieries which were in operation during that year. The total wages paid 
amounted to $120,101,896, exclusive of charges for powder and supplies. In ad- 
dition, $11 , 116,986 was paid in compensation to 5,302 salaried employees engaged 
at the collieries or in offices reported in connection therewith. The latter fig- 
ures do not include salaried personnel at general administrative offices 
away from the mines, except where covered by the colliery reports. 

The anthracite industry spent $27,140,346 for supplies and materials, includ- 
ing explosives sold to employees. The cost of colliery fuel, including gasoline 
and Diesel engine oil was $4,197,451, and of purchased electric power, $7,197,413. 

Tha total production of the Pennsylvania anthracite industry in 1935 was 
52,158,783 net tons. Of this, 590,467 tons was recovered by dredges from the 
rivers draining the anthracite region. A total of 2,106,969 tons was culm-bank 
coal treated at washeries, while a further 617,350 tons of culm-bank coal was 
put through the breakers. The balance of the production was fresh-mined coal. 
The total value of the coal at the breaker or washery was $210,130,565. 

An outstanding development of the anthracite industry in recent years has 
been the increase in the tonnage mined in open pits by stripping the overlying 
dirt and rock with power shovels. The quantity of coal produced by stripping 
has increased from 1,911,766 tons in 1929 to 5,187,072 tons in 1935. The greater 
part of the strip-mined output in 1935 was produced by stripping contractors, 
working under contract for the colliery company. 

In view of the growing importance of stripping, special arrangements had to 
be made at the Census of 1935 to record the operations of strip contractors. At 
previous Censuses the colliery owner was asked to report payments made for contract 
work of all kinds, but no data were obtained from the contractors themselves. In 
1935, supplementary reports were obtained from all strip contractors regarding 
employment, payrolls, and expenditures for supplies, fuel, and power, which are 
summarized in the last column of Table 1. These items of expenditure reported 
by the stripping contractors are in addition to the corresponding amounts reported 
by the coal operators. The raw coal produced by stripping, however, is sized and 
cleaned in the breaker of the colliery and therefore already included in the 
operator's reports. The figures of production and value in the tables represent 
the final tonnage leaving the preparation plant of the operator, all duplication 
being carefully eliminated. As 8.6 percent of the total output was produced by 
strip contractors, it is evident that the procedure adopted for 1935 givee a 
more complete record of employment, payrolls, and total expenditures than if 
the contractors were omitted. The 1935 returns, however, are not exactly com- 
parable in some respects with those for previous Censuses. No returns on the 
amount paid for contract work were collected from the operators in 1935. 

;|i^.mT,-;;r;'. 

Illhl 



I 



The figuree for the Pennsylvania anthracite industry do not include the 
relatively small production of hard coal in other States. Anthracite and serni- 
anthracite are mined in parts of Virginia, Arkansas, Colorado, and New Mexico. 
Locally these coals represent distinct and important industries, but the tonnages 
are small, and for statistical convenience they are usually published in con- 
junction with the data for the bituminous coal industry. (Separate figures of 
the production of these anthracite coals of the South and West will be found 
in the annual coal reports of the U. S. Bureau of Mines.) 

For similar reasons trade usage commonly includes with the Pennsylvania 
anthracite industry the output in the Bernice Basin in Sullivan County, Penn- 
sylvania, although the coal of this basin is officially classified as sem- 
anthracite according to the tentative standard of coal classification adopted 
by the American Society for Testing Materials. For statistical convenience and 
historical comparison the Sullivan County product is included in the tables of 
this report but is shown separately in the breakdown by districts within the 
anthracite regin. 

The figures do not include so-called bootleg coal produced by illicit 
operations, the amount of which has been approximately estimated as 4,000,000 
tons in 1935. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project was planned to provide dependable information on all 
branches of American business not regularly covered by other divisions of the 
Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the 
Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included not only data 
on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, . 
and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication 
of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions 
should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. 
The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, 
with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collabora- 
tion with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns submitted by the anthracite producers were carefully made and 
give a reliable measure of the total volume of expenditures for supplies, fuel, 
power, and wages. It should be recognized, however, that no general Census can 
well attain the accuracy of cost accounting methods, and any computations of 
per-ton expenditures for the items listed should be considered approximate 
rather than exact. It should also be noted that many items of cost are not 
included, such as the sums paid for contract work or for the purchase of new 
equipment, royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data in the following tables were compiled by F. G. Tryon, 
M. Otero, and M. E. Wilson, of the Coal Economics Division, Bureau of Mines, 
with the collaboration of D. C. Ashmead. 





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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
JUNE 21, 1937 




DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, ^^ /->s7 
WASHINGTON — ^-^ ^7V 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN 1935 

The field work involved in the operation and maintenance of the 340,000 oil 
wells in the United States provided employment for an average of 93,450 wage earn- 
ers in 1935. In addition, there were 7,938 administrative, supervisory, technical, 
and clerical employees in the field as of about the middle of December 1935. 

Wages paid in 1935 amounted to $126,703,000, an average of $1,356 per wage 
earner per year ; lield salaries totaled $14,736,000, an average of $1,856 per em- 
ployee. The average wage is undoubtedly low because of the inclusion of some part- 
time workers; the average salary is also low for the same reason and because a part 
of officers' salary is included in central-office expense. 

Expenditures for supplies and materials at oil wells , excluding the cost of 
fuel and the initial costs of drilling new wells, totaled $82,051,000 in 1935. Ex- 
penditures for fuel totaled $14, 684,000, including $2,147,000 for oil, $12,223,000 
for natural gas, and $314,000 for "other" fuels. The total cost for purchased 
electricity was $6,305,000. 

The production of crude petroleum in 1935 was 996,596,000 barrels, valued at 
$961,440,000. In addition, the oil wells yielded nearly half the natural gas market- 
ed in 1935, an approximate value of which would be $50,000,000. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by operators to certain 
special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1925, by coopera- 
tive arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide 
dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly covered 
by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or 
by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines, wells, and quarries, the 
canvass included not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, 
fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. 
To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplemen- 
tary questions should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the 
year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabu- 
lation, with the aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collab- 
oration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages, but in most cases 
do not justify the computation of per-barrel costs for the items listed. Note also 
that many items of cost are not included, such as royalties, depletion, deprecia- 
tion, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves 
for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling expenses. It is 
therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the margin, if any, 
between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A. B. Coons 
of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of G. R. Hopkins, assist- 
ant Chief Economist, Petroleum Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
FEBRUARY 15, 1937 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE C ENSUS 
WASHINGTON " 



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Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



PHOSPHATE ROCK INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Phosphate rock operations in the United States in 1935 employed 2,638 
wage earners and paid wages totalling $1,806,716. The number of wage earners 
was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of 
each month. This procedure gives a slightly lower figure than the total num- 
ber actually engaged in the production of phosphate rock during the year for 
more than 2,700 were employed in the peak month. About 98 percent of the in- 
dustry is centralized in Florida and Tennessee. Salaried officers, technical 
and supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in the phos- 
phate rock industry in 1935 totalled 274 with salaries amounting to $649,649. 
Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $2,980,504. Supplies and materials comprised 51 percent of the 
total; fuel, 25 percent; and purchased electric current, 24 percent. The total 
value of products of the phosphate rock industry in 1935 was $11,423,286, which 
includes $3,116 derived from work or services. The data presented in the 
accompanying tables are comparable to the Census of Mines and Quarries canvass 
for 1929. 



These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the 
year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to pro- 
vide dependable information on all branches of American business not regularly 
covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and 
Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines and 
quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but also 
cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total compensa- 
tion of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, it 
was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the Bureau 
of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines has been 
responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds contributed 
by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, Chief Statis- 
tician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other admin 
trative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total 
cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by M. A. 
Cornthwaite of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
MARCH 30, 1937. 



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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 



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Census of Business; 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



SALT INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Salt mines and wells in the United States in 1935 employed 4,824 wage 
earners and paid wages totalling $5,069,950. The number of wage earners was 
obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of 
each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total num- 
ber actually engaged in the production of salt during the year for about 5,100 
were employed in the peak months. About 50 percent of the industry is central- 
ized in Michigan and New York. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory 
employees, and others working on a salary basis in the salt industry in 1935 
totalled 694 with salaries amounting to $1,745,781. Expenditures for supplies 
and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current amounted to $6,613,939. 
Supplies and materials comprised 57 percent of the total; fuel, 34 percent; 
and purchased electric current, 9 percent. The total value of products of the 
salt industry in 1935 was $23,906,404, which includes $12,374 for work or ser- 
vices; also bromine valued at $1,937,230, and calcium chloride at $1,037,783. 



These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 



A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 



The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 



Detailed data summarized in x,he following tables were complied by A. T. 
Coons of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H. H. Hughes, 
Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
APRIL 20, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



SAND AND GRAVEL INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Sand and gravel operations in the United States in 1935 employed 8,566 
wage earners and paid wages totalling $8,340,408. The number of wage earners 
was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each 
month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total number ac- 
tually engaged in the production of sand and gravel during the year for more 
than 10,000 were employed in the peak months. Salaried officers, technical and 
supervisory employees, and others working on a salary basis in sand and gravel 
production in 1935 totalled 2,086 with salaries amounting to $3,820,735. Ex- 
penditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current 
amounted to $11,948,889. Supplies and materials comprised 69 percent of the 
total; fuel. 15 percent; and purchased electric current, 16 percent. The total 
value of products of the sand and gravel industry in 1935 was $53,700,627, 
which includes $459,675 for work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by M. A. 
Cornthwaite and A. T. Phillips of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the super- 
vision of H. H. Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
AFTERNOON PAPERS 
APRIL 1, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

JliEfiAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of fVIines 



SANDSTONE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Sandstone quarries and finishing plants operated by quarry companies in 
the United States in 1935 employed 2,278 wage earners and paid wages totalling 
$1,594,680. The number of wage earners was obtained by averaging the total 
reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a 
somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in the production 
of sandstone during the year for nearly 2,800 were employed in the peak months. 
Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and California are the principal producing 
States. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others 
working on a salary basis in sandstone quarrying in 1935 totalled 224 with 
salaries amounting to $376,150. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, 
and purchased electric current amounted to $1,523,806. Supplies and materials 
comprised 78 percent of the total; fuel, 8 percent; and purchased electric current, 
14 percent. The total value of products of the sandstone industry in 1935 was 
$4,364,763, which includes $27,368 derived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators to 
certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 1935, by 
cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for the year 
1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to provide depend- 
able information on all branches of American business not regularly covered by other 
divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures and Agriculture, or by other 
agencies of the Federal government. For mines and quarries, the canvass included 
not only data on production and value but also cost of materials, fuel and power, 
wages paid, and number and total compensation of salaried employees. To avoid dupli- 
cation of statistical inquiries, it was arranged that these supplementary questions 
should be added to the Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The 
Bureau of Mines has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the 
aid of funds contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. 
Gosnell, Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate the 
total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the mineral 
industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit costs for the 
items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, such as royal- 
ties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, taxes, workmen's 
compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other administrative and selling 
expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the total cost of production or the 
margin, if any, between sales realization and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in Lhe following tables were compiled by A.T. Coons 
and E.T. Shuey of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



^51 



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FOR USE IN 

MORNING PAPERS 

APRIL 13, 1937 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREA U OF THE CENSyS_ 

WASHINGTON 



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7V 



Census of Business: 1935 ■ in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines 



SLATE INDUSTRY IN 1935 

Slate quarries in the United States in 1935 employed 1,898 wage earners and 
paid wages totalling $1,516,770. The number of wage earners was obtained by 
averaging the total reported on pay rolls on the fifteenth of each month. This 
procedure gives a somewhat lower figure than the total number actually engaged in 
the production of slate during the year for more than 2,200 were employed in the 
peak months. About 50 percent of the industry is centralized in Pennsylvania. 
Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others working on a 
salary basis in slate production in 1935 totalled 190 with salaries amounting to 
$300,705. Expenditures for supplies and materials, fuel, and purchased electric 
current amounted to $928,940. Supplies and materials comprised 65 percent of 
the total; fuel, 10 percent; and purchased electric current, 25 percent. The 
total value of products of the slate industry in 1935 was 13,526,194, which in- 
cludes $9,238 derived from work or services. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of unit 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute the 
total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization and 
cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by A. T. 
Coons and E. T. Shuey of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision 
of H. H. Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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FOR USE IN 
MORNING PAPERS 
FEBRUARY 25, 1937 



^:::5^-z^-^ 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
WASHINGTON " 

Census of Business: 1935 - in cooperation with the Bureau of iViines 



TALC AND GROUND SOAPSTONE INDUSTRY IN 1935 



Talc and ground soapstone operations in the United States in 1935 em- 
ployed 534 wage earners and paid wages totalling $386,985. The number of 
wage earners was obtained by averaging the total reported on pay rolls on 
the fifteenth of each month. This procedure gives a somewhat lower figure 
than the total number actually engaged in the production of talc and ground 
soapstone during the year for more than 600 were employed in the peak month. 
New York, Vermont, North Carolina, and California are the principal producing 
States. Salaried officers, technical and supervisory employees, and others 
working on a salary basis in the talc and ground soapstone industry in 1935 
totalled 67 with salaries amounting to $156,717. Expenditures for supplies 
and materials, fuel, and purchased electric current amounted to $342,284. 
Supplies and materials comprised 68 percent of the total; fuel, 5 percent; 
and purchased electric current, 27 percent. The value of products of the 
talc and ground soapstone industry in 1935 was $1,804,394. This total 
represents 96 percent of the tonnage reported in 1935; the remaining 4 
percent was largely material produced as a by-product for which no separate 
data on expenditures and employment are available. 

These data are based upon replies courteously furnished by mine operators 
to certain special questions carried on the Bureau of Mines' report form for 
1935, by cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of the Census. 

A general Census of Business was taken by the Bureau of the Census for 
the year 1935. This project, known as the Census of Business, was planned to 
provide dependable information on all branches of American business not regu- 
larly covered by other divisions of the Census Bureau, such as Manufactures 
and Agriculture, or by other agencies of the Federal government. For mines 
and quarries, the canvass included not only data on production and value but 
also cost of materials, fuel and power, wages paid, and number and total com- 
pensation of salaried employees. To avoid duplication of statistical inquiries, 
it was arranged that these supplementary questions should be added to the 
Bureau of Mines' annual report form for the year 1935. The Bureau of Mines 
has been responsible for their collection and tabulation, with the aid of funds 
contributed by the Bureau of the Census and in collaboration with F. A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician, Census of Business. 

The returns received are believed to be sufficiently accurate to indicate 
the total volume of expenditures for supplies, salaries, and wages made by the 
mineral industries, but in most cases do not justify the computation of per-ton 
costs for the items listed. Note also that many items of cost are not included, 
such as royalties, depletion, depreciation, interest on debentures, insurance, 
taxes, workmen's compensation, reserves for uninsurable hazards, and other ad- 
ministrative and selling expenses. It is therefore impossible to compute 
the total cost of production or the margin, if any, between sales realization 
and cost. 

Detailed data summarized in the following tables were compiled by M.A. 
Cornthwaite of the staff of the Bureau of Mines under the supervision of H.H. 
Hughes, Mineral Production and Economics Division. 



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