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Full text of "Census of business: 1935. Wholesale distribution .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06398 409 8 



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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Daniel C. Roper. Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



VOLUME I 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 




./ 

MAY, 1937 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician 
William A. Ruff, Assistant 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



Prepared under the supervision of 

John Guernsey, 

Distribution Economist 



By 

John Albright 

Chief, Wholesale Trade 



MA 



1^ v%^ 



Vol. 1 - Page 1 



FOREWORD 



This is the summary volume of a series of volumes on wholesale distri- 
bution, a part of the Census of Business, 1935. In this volume the scope 
of the Wholesale Census is defined; the data for 1935 are analyzed; terras, 
classifications and tables are explained and national summaries of the 
tabular data presented in the other volumes are given. For convenience in 
making comparisons, a summary tabulation for 1929 and 1933 is included. 

This volume also contains new matter not treated in greater detail 
elsewhere, including a section on legal forms of organization showing the 
basic data for individual proprietorships, partnerships and other forms 
separately by types of operation; an analysis of multi-unit wholesalers, 
showing the number of establishments, net sales, expenses, employees and 
pay roll by ownership groups; and a tabulation of the data for auxiliary 
units of wholesale organizations not included as establishments. 

The Census of Business, of which the Census of Wholesale Distribution 
is a part, was designed to cover, with some exceptions, all non-agricultural 
and non-manufacturing establishments in the continental United States. 
In addition to wholesale distribution, it includes retail trade, service 
businesses, amusement enterprises, hotels, radio broadcasting, contract 
construction, truck and bus transportation, public warehousing, advertising 
agencies, the insurance business and financial institutions. Mines and 
quarries are included in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines, and the 
distribution of manufacturers' sales in cooperation with the Census of 
Manufactures. 

Every establishment falling within the scope of the census was requested 
to furnish certain essential information relating to its operations for the 
calendar year 1935 or other period closely coinciding with it. For most 
types of business, requested information covered volume of business for the 
year, operating expenses, personnel engaged in the business (proprietors 
and employees) and compensation paid to employees. Similar data are obtain- 
able for manufacturing plants in the regular biennial Census of Manufactures, 
which was taken simultaneously with the Census of Business. For agriculture, 
material of this type is available in the Census of Agriculture, which was 
taken as of January 2, 1935. 

The project was made possible by funds provided by the Works Progress 
Administration. The statistics on wholesale distribution were collected 
in 1936 by a field canvass of wholesale establishments in every State, 
county and city in the United States. The data of the entire project were 
compiled in the Bureau's Philadelphia branch. 

The Census of Business is under the supervision of Fred A. Gosnell, 
Chief Statistician. Reports on wholesale trade are prepared under the 
supervision of John Guernsey, Distribution Economist, by John Albright, 
assisted by Dr. Albert Haring, Edwin P. Slabaugh, John J. Lennon and 
L. Parker Temple. 



Vol. 1 - Page 111 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



ARRANGEMENT AND CONTENTS OF VOLUMES 



The results of the Census of Wholesale Trade for the year 1935 are 
published in a series of eight volumes together with a number of special 
trade reports, as described below: 

Volume I - Summary for the Un ite d States. A national summary and 
analysis of all phases of wholesale distribution in 1935, a part of the 
Census of Business. In this volume the scope of the Wholesale Census 
is defined; the data for 1935 are analyzed; terms, classifications and 
tables are explained and national summaries of the tabular data presented 
in the other volumes are given. For convenience in making comparisons, a 
summary tabulation for 1929 and 1933 is included. 

This volume also contains new matter not treated in greater detail 
elsewhere, including a section on legal form of organization showing the 
basic data for individual proprietorships, partnerships and other forms 
separately by types of operation; an analysis of multi-unit wholesalers, 
showing the number of establishments, net sales, expenses, employees and 
pay roll by ownership groups; and a tabulation of the data for auxiliary 
units of wholesale organizations not included as establishments. 

Volume II - States and 25 Selected Cities. Presents number of estab- 
lishments, net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for each 
State and for each of 25 selected wholesale trade centers (Table 1). The 
data are analyzed by types of operation and by kinds of business. 

Volume III - Cities and Counties. Presents number of establishments, 
net sales, personnel and pay roll for each city of more than 5,000 popu- 
lation and for each county (Table 13). The data are analyzed by types of 
operation and by kinds of business for cities of more than 50,000 popula- 
tion (Table 12A) and by kinds of business for cities of 20,000 to 50,000 
population (Table 12B). 

Yolume IV - Kinds of Business of Full-Serv ice and Limited-Function 
Wholesalers, By States. Presents, by States, the number of establishments, 
net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for each of 29 kind-of- 
business groups (Table lA). In a separate section the number of establish- 
ments, net sales, proprietors, employees and total pay roll are shown for 
142 kinds of business, by States (Table IB). 



Vol. I - Page IV 



Volume V - Emeloirment and Pa^ Roll. 

a. Monthly employment data by kinds of business (Table 2). 

b. Analysis of employment and pay roll by occupational groups 
(executive, office and clerical, selling, etc.) for a representative week 
of 1935 (Table 3). 

Volume VI - Business-Size Groups, and Analysis of Operating Expenses. 

a. Number of establishments, net sales and operating expenses 
of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by business-size 
groups and kinds of business (Table 4). 

b. Functional division of operating expenses (administrative, 
selling, etc.) of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by 
kinds of business (Table 5). 

Volume VII - Credit Sales, and Sales by Classes of Customers. 

a. Credit business of full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers and of manufacturers' sales branches, by kinds of business (Table 6). 

b. Business of wholesale establishments analyzed to show sales 
to retailers, to industrial users, to household consumers, to other whole- 
sale organizations and sales for export separately (Table 7). The data are 
presented by types of operation and kinds of business. 

Volu me VIII - Commodity Sales. Analysis of sales of wholesale estab- 
lishments by commodities or lines of merchandise (Table 8). Data are shown 
for 100 major commodity lines, many of which are subdivided into detailed 
commodity items. In this volume the relative importance of the various 
commodities is shown for each of the 29 kind-of -business groups. 

Speci al Subject Reports. Special reports will be issued in which the 
available census data are assembled and analyzed. Among those in pre- 
paration, the completion of which is subject to the limitations of time 
and budget, are: 

Cooperative and Voluntary Group Wholesaling (Grocery Trade) 

Drug Wholesaling 

Electrical Wholesaling 

Tobacco Wholesaling 

Wholesaling of Wines and Liquors 

Wholesaling of Tires and Tubes 



Vol. I - Page V 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
VOLUME 1 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
CONTENTS 



Page 
Suiomary of 7act3 on Wholaaols Distribution X 

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION 

Introduction 1 

The First Census of Distribution: 1929 1 

The Census of itfnerican Business: 1933 1 

The Census of Business: 1935 2 

Comparability of the TIkr«a Censuses Z 

Scope of Wholesale Distribution 3 

Wholesaling In Its Broaddr lispects 3 

■(fholesaling In Its Narrower iispects 4 

Census Concept of ilholesaling 4 

Wiat the Iholssala CenAu* Includes 5 

Vhat the Wholesale Cenaus Does Not Include 5 

Flow of Manuractured Goods Into Iholasale Channels.. 5 

CHAPTER 11 - ANALYSIS OF WHOLESALE 
CENSUS DATA 

General Sunmary of iholesala Trade 7 

Geographical Distribution Of Wholesale Trade 9 

Geographic Dirisions 9 

Wholesale Trade By States 9 

Wholesale Trade In Cities 13 

Minor Shifts Between City-Size Groups 16 

iholesale Trade By Types Of Operation 16 

Wholesale Trade By Kinds of Business 16 

Special Characteristics of Wholesale Trade 21 

Biaploynant and Pay Roll 21 

Monthly 3c^loyinsnt 21 

Smploynient and Pay Roll For One Week 24 

Full-Tlaie Snployees Predominate 24 

Occupational Groups — Full-Service and 

Limited-Function Wholesalers 25 

Wage Rates By States 26 

Eioployroent By Sex 26 

Employrdent of Women, By States 29 

Business-Size Groups 30 

Sales of Large Sstablishmsnts Dominate 30 

Expense Ratio Decreases As Size Increases 30 

Analysis of Operating Sxpenses 34 

Grocery Trade Analyzed 34 

Industrial Distributors Analyzed 35 

Credit Sales 36 

Credit Sales Predonlnata 36 

Credit By Kinds of Business 36 

Sales By Classes of CustoRers 37 

Legal Forms of Organization 39 

Corporations Dominate 39 

Negro Proprietorships and Partnerships 40 

Auxiliary Units 40 

Milti-Unit Wholesaling 40 

'Wholesale Sales By Retailers 41 

CHAPTER 111 - CLASSIFICATIONS -TYPES OF 
OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 

Is^ortanca of Classification 42 

Classification By Types of Operation 42 

Basis For Classifying Wholesale Sstablisbioents 

By Type 42 

Number of Types Used in tike Census 42 

Types of Operation Defined 42 

r-ill-Servioe and Llaiited-Function Wholesalers 42 

Wholesale Vbrchants - Jobbers 43 

Voluntary-Group Wholesalers 43 



Page 
Full-Senrice and Limited-Function Wholesalers 
(continued) 

Converters 43 

Exporters 43 

Importers 43 

Industrial Distributors 43 

Cash-And-Carry Wholesalers 43 

Drop Shippers or Desk Jobbers 43 

Uail-Order or Catalog Wholesalers 43 

Retailer-CooperatlTe Warehouses 43 

Wagon Distributors 43 

Manufacturers' Sales Branches (With Stocks) ... .44 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices (Without Stocks).. 44 

Bulk Tank Stations (Petroleum) 44 

Independent Stations 44 

Chain-Operated Stations 44 

Couuisslon Stations 44 

Agents and Brokers (Functional Middlsioan) 44 

Auction Companies 44 

Brokers 44 

Commission Merchants 44 

Export Agents 44 

Import Agents 44 

Manufacturers' Agents 44 

Selling Agents 44 

Other Agents. . . . , 45 

Assemblers 45 

Country Buyers of Farm Products 45 

Creaci Stations 45 

Cooperative .'<iarketing Associations 45 

Elevators (Grain) 45 

Packers and Shippers -45 

Chain Store Warehouses 45 

Classifications By Kinds of Business 45 

CHAPTER IV - EXPLANATION OF TERMS 

AND TABLES 

JSxplanation of Termj 47 

Wholesale Sstablishmsnts 47 

Net Sales 47 

Credit Sales 47 

Sales Analyzed By Classes of Customers 47 

Sales to Retailers 47 

Sales to Household Consumers 47 

Sales to Industrial Users 47 

Sales to Wholesale Organizations 47 

Export Sales to Buyers in Foreign Countries. .47 

Coranodity Sales 47 

Stocks on Hand 47 

Bngjloyiaent Terms 48 

iiCtive Proprietors 48 

Employees •48 

Full-TliiB and Part-Time Engjloyees., 48 

Eii5)loyment and Pay Roll By Occupational 

Groups 48 

Executives 48 

Office and Clerical 48 

Inside Selling 48 

Outside Selling 48 

Warehouse Employees 48 

Other Employees 48 

Representative Week 48 

Expense Terrafl 48 

Pay Holl 48 

Operating Expenses (Total) 48 

Administrative Expenses 48 



Vol. 1 - Page VI 



CONTENTS (continued 



CHAPTER IV - EXPLANATION OF 

Page 
Bipense Terms .(continued) 

Operating Expenses (Total) (continued) 

Selling Expenses 48 

Delivery Kipenses 49 

Warehouse Expenses 49 

Occupancy Expenses 49 

Other Expenses 49 

Legal Form of Organization 49 

Amlliary Units 49 

Karketiiig Units 49 

I4ilti-Unit Organizations 49 

Disclosure of Individual Operations 49 

Cities of More Than 500,000 Population 

(13 Largest Cities) 49 

Explanation of Tables 49 

Table 1 - Sales, Expenses, Personnel, Pay Roll 
and Stocks, By Types of Operation and Kinds 

of Business 49 

Table 2 - ifonthly Employiuent 60 



TERMS AND TABLES (continued) 

Pago 
Explanation of Tables (continued) 

Tables 3A and 3B - EiDployment and Pay Roll For 

One Week 50 

Table 4 - Sales and Expenses By Business-Size 

Groups 50 

Table 5 - Analysis of Operating Expenses By 

Functional Divisions 51 

Table 6 - Credit Sales 51 

Table 7 - Distribution of Sales By Classes of 

Customers 51 

Table 8 - Coinraodity Sales 51 

Table 9 - I^gal Forms of Organization 51 

Table lOA - Auxiliary Units of Wholesale 

Organizations 51 

Table lOB - Ownership Groups 51 

Table 11 - Sales By Retailers to Other Retailers. 52 
Table ISA - Cities of Itore Than 50,000 Population 52 
Table 12B - Cities of 80,000 to 50,000 Population 52 
Table 13 - Cities and Counties 52 



Chart 


I 


Chart 


II 


Chart 


III 


Chart 


IV 


Chart 


7 


Chart 


VI 


Chart 


VII 


Chart 


VIII 



CHARTS 

Percent Gain in Ifholesale Sales - 1933-1935 10 

Nat Sales By City-Size Groups Expressed as Percenta of United States Total 12 

Net Sales of Full-Service and Limited-Function Wholesalers By Kinds of Business 20 

Comparative Employnent By Months, 1933 and 1S35, Ail Types of Operation Combined 23 

Eii5)loyees and Pay Roll By Occupational Groups For Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers , 27 

Establishnents and Sales of Wholesale Merchants and Industrial Distributors By Business- 
Size Groups , 31 

Ratio of Operating Expenses to Net Sales by Business-Size Groups, Wholesale Iferchants and 

Industrial Distributors Combined 33 

Sal as by Classes of Cuetomers , 38 

MAPS OF THE UNITED STATES 

Percent Increase in Sales - 1933-1935 11 

Cities With Sales of |100,000,000 and Over 14 

TEXT TABLES 

CoD5)arative Sunnary of Wholesale Distribution - 1935 and 1933 8 

Coriparative Summary of Establlshnent s. Sales, Employees, and Pay Roll, 1935 and 1933, by States 11 

Summary of Number of Wholesale Establishments, Net Sales and Population by City-Size Groups 13 

Number of Establishments, Sales, Personnel and Pay Roll for Cities of More Than 100,000 Population. .15 

Summary for Cities of !«bre Than 100,000 Population 16 

Coinparative Summary of Wholesale Trade by Types of Operation 17 

Summary of Full-Line Grocery Trade, by Types of Operation 19 

Comparative Summary of the Number of Paid Employees by Months for 1S35 and 1933 22 

Summary of Employment and Pay Roll by Types of Operation 25 

Number of Full-Time Employees of Full-Service and Limited-Function .Wholesalers, by Occupational 

Groups 26 

Full-Service and Limited-Function Wholesalers - Average Weekly Wage Per Full-Tlriie Employee, as 

Reported by Occupational Groups, by States., 28 

Summary of Weekly Wages of the Various Occupational Groups by Types of Operation 29 

Number of Establishments, Net Soles and Operatirig Expenses by Business-Size Groups 30 

Operating Expenses Expressed as Percent to Net Sales for Certain Homogeneous Trades by Business- 
Size Groups 32 

imalysis of Expenses of 1,857 Full-Line Grocery tterchants by Functional Divisions and Business- 
Size Groups 35 

Functional analysis of Operating Expenses of 420 Industrial Distributors, by Business-Size Groups. ,.35 

Credit Sales of Full-Service and Liriiited-Function .Wholesalers and Manufacturers* Sales Branches 36 

Sunmary of Sales by Types of Operation and Classes of Custor.ers.... • • 37 

Summary of Wholesale Trade by Legal Forms of Organizat ion 40 



A. - 

B. - 

C. - 

D. - 

E. - 

F. - 

G. - 
H. - 
I. - 
J. - 

K. - 

L. - 
M. - 
N. - 



P. 

Q.. 
R. 
S, 



DETAILED TABLES FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Table 



Sales, Expenses, Personnel, Pay Roll and Stocks, by States and by Types of Operation and 

Kinds of Business 55 

Monthly Employment 75 

iinalysis of Weekly Employment and Pay Roll 80 

Number and Pay Roll of Full-Tlme Employees .analyzed by Occupational Groups 81 

Sales and Expenses of Business-Size Groups for Wholesale Merchants and Industrial 

Distributors Combined 8* 

Table 5. - iuialysis of Operating Expenses for Wholesale Merchants and Industrial Distributors Combined 

by Kinds of Business 92 

Table 6. - Credit Sales of Full-Service and Limited-Function Wholesalers by Kinds of Business 97 



Table 
Table 
Table 
Table 



2. 

3a. 

3B. 

4. 



Vol. 1 - Page VII 

CONTENTS (continued) 

DETAILED TABLES FOR THE UNITED STATES (continued) 

Page 
Tabls 7. - Distribution of Salaa by Classes of Customers, by Types of Operation and Kinds of Business .. 104 
Table 8. - ComnDdlty Sales (presented in Volume VIII only) 
Tabls 9. - Legal Forms of Organization, Presenting Sales, Expenses, Personnel, Pay Roll and Stocks by 

Types of Operation and Legal Forms of Organization 119 

Table lOA. - Auilliary Units of Wholesale Organizations, Showing Sales, K:5)enfles, Kn^jloyaes and Pay 

Roll of Auxiliary Units by States 120 

Table lOB. - Ownership Groups, Presenting Number, Net Sales, Operating Expenses, En^iloyess and Pay 

Roll of Wholesale Organizations Classified by Number of Establishments Under Que ownership. 121 
Table 11 - Sales Made by Retailers to Other Retailers, by Kinds of Business, by States 122 

APPENDIX 

Con^arablllty with Pravloua Censuses of Wholesale Trade 125 

Types of Operation - 1935 and 1933 126 

Kind-of-Buslness Classif ications~1935-1933 127 

Tables 

CongjaratlTe Sunmary of Wholesale Trade, 1933 and 1929 129 

Sunmary Tabulation of Chain Store Warehouses: 

a. By States 135 

b. By Kinds of Business 136 

Wholesale Schedule , Form 31 137 



Vol. 1 Page VIII 



INDEX 



Active proprietors 48 

AdmlnlstretlTe expensea 48 

Agents: 

Export, defined 44 

Import, defined 44 

Manufacturers', defined 44 

Other, defined 44 

Sailing, defined 44 

Analysis of operating expenses 34 

Analysis of wholesale trade data.... 7 

Appendix 123 

Arrangement and contents of Tolumes.lII 

Assemblers, defined 45 

Auction companies, defined 44 

Auxiliary units 40, 49, El 

B 

Brokers, defined , 44 

Bulk tank statlona, defined 44 

Business-size groups 30, 50 



Cash-and-carry wholesalers, defined. 43 
Catalog wholesalers (see mall-order 
wholesalers) 

Census concept of wholesaling 4 

Census of American Business, 1933... 1 

Census of Business, 1935 1 

Census of Distribution, 1929 1 

Chain store warehouses 5, 45 

Chain store warehouses, summary 

tabulation of .135 

Chain-operated stations (see bulk 
tank stations) 

Changes in scope 125 

Channels of distribution 37 

Charts: 

I Percent f^ain in wholesale 

sales, 1933-1935 10 

II Not sales by city-size groups. 12 
III Net sales of full-serTlce and 

limited- function wholesalers... 20 
rv ComparatlTo sfflploymsnt by 

months, 1933 and 1935 23 

V Employees and pay roll by 

occupational groups 27 

VT Sstabllshments and sales of 
wholesale merchants and 

Industrial distributors 31 

Til Ratio of operating expenses 

to net sales 33 

7III Sales by classes of customers. 38 
Cities: 

Of more than 500,000 population.49, 52 

Of 20,000 to 50,000 population 52 

City-size groups 13, 16 

Classes of customers 37 

Classifications; 

Basi 3 for 42 

Importance of 44 

Kinds of business 45 

Types of operation 42 

Commission bulk tank stations 

Definition 44 

Estimates for 1935 22 

Conimission merchsnts, defined 44 

Commission stations (see bulk tank 
stations) 

Comnodlty sales 47, SI 

Comparp.blllty of the Censuses of 

1935, 1933 and 1929 2, 125 

Coraparfitl7e summary of wholesale 

trade , 1933-1929 129 

Concept of wholesale distribution... 4 
Contents of volumes on wholesale 

distribution Ill 

Converters, defined 43 

Cooperative marketing associations, 
defined 45 



Fags 

Corporations S9 

Counties 52 

Country buyers of farm products, 

defined 45 

Coverage 126 

Cream stations, defined 45 

Credit sales 

Analyzed 36 

Defined 47, 51 

D 

Delivery expenses, defined 49 

Desk Jobbers (see drop shippers) 
Disclosure of individual operations 49 

Drop shippers, defined 43 

IKial activity 125 

Dual-line 125 

Dual- type 125 

E 

Ilevators (grain), defined 45 

Employees: 

Sxecutlves and corporation afflcers 43 

Pull-time and part-time 24, 48 

Inside selling 48 

Office and clerical 48 

Other employees 48 

Outside selling 43 

Warehouse 46 

£iiq}loyment : 

By months 21, £2 

By occupational groups... 25, 27, 48 

By sex 26, 29 

Comparisons with 1933 £1, 22 

For one week 24 

Employment terms 48 

Executives 48 

Expense terms 48 

Expense ratios 30, 32 

Explanation of tables (see tables, 
explained ) . 

Explanation of terms 47 

Export agents, defined 44 

Exporters, defined 43 

Export sales to buyers in foreign 

countries 47 

F 

First Census of Distribution 1 

Flow of manufactured goods 5 

Full-service and limii ad-function 

wholesalers, defined 42 

Full-time employees 24, 48 

Functional middlemen 44 



Geographical distribution of 

wholesale trade 9 

Import agents, defined •«- 44 

Importers, defined 43 

Independent stations (see bulk tank 
stations ) 

Individual proprietorsnlps 49 

Industrial distributors 

Defined 43 

Operating expenses analyzed 35 

Inside selling employees, defined.. 48 



J 



Jobbers (see wholesele merchants) 



Pag* 

Elnd-of-business classifications. .127 

Kinds of business 

Method of elassifloatlon 45 

Classifications, 1935 and 1933.. 127 
Wholesale trade by 18 



Legal foins of organization. .39, 40, 49 

M. 

Mail-order or catalog whole- 

salers, defined 43 

Manufscturers' agents, defined.... 44 
Manufacturers' sales brancbea 

(with stocks), defined 44 

Manufacturers' sales offices 

(without stocks), defined 44 

Maps: 

Cities with sales of $100,000,000 
and over 14 

Percent Increase in sales, 

1933-1935 II 

Marketing unite 49 

Merchants 

Comiission 44 

Wholesale 43 

Monthly employment 21, 22 

Mnlti-unlt organizations 49 

Multi-unit wholesaling 40 



N 



Hegro proprietorships and 

partnerahlps 40 

Net sales, defined 47 

g 

Oceupaney expenses, defined 49 

Occupational groups 25, 27 

Offica and clerical en^loyees, 

defined « 

Operatise expenaes: 

Analysis of 34 

Administrative 48 

Delivery 49 

Occupancy 49 

Other 49 

Selling 48 

Total 48 

Warehouse 49 

Other agents 44 

Other snqtloyees 48 

Outside selling employees 48 

Ownership groups 51 

P 

Packers and shippers, defined 45 

Part-time employees 48 

Pay roll 

By occupational groups. ..25, 27, 48 

For one week 24 

Total 48 

Personnel •• 48 

Proprietors, active 48 

Proprlstorshlps 49 

R 

Representative week 4 

Retailer-cooperative warehouses, 

defined 43 

Retail sales by wholesele 

establishments 41 



Sales analyzed by classes of 

customers 37, 38 



Vol. 1 Page IX 



Page 

Sales by retailers et wholesale..., 41 

Soles, net 47 

Sales to household consinoers 47 

Sales to industrial users 47 

Sales to other wholesalers 47 

Sales to retailers 47 

Scope of wholesale distribution: 

(see Census concept of wholesaling) 

Changes in scope 1S5 

Selling agents, defined 44 

Selling employees 48 

Schedule, Wholesale Form 31 137 

Selling expenses 48 

Shifts between city-size groups.... 16 

Stocks on hand 47 

Sumaaiy of wholesale trade facta... Z 

I 
Tables, explained. 

Table 1 - Sales, expenses, personnel 
pay roll and stocks, by types of 
operation and kinds of business .49 

Table 2 - Monthly employment 50 

Tables 3A and 3B - Employment and 
pay roll for one week 50 

Table 4 - Sales and expenses by 

business-size groups SO 

Table 5 - Analysis of operating ex- 
penses by functional diTisions. . 51 



INDEX (continued) 

Page 

Table 6 - Credit sale* 51 

Table 7 - Distribution of sales by 

classes of customers 51 

Table 8 - Coimodity sales 51 

Table 9 - Legal forms of 

organization 51 

Table lOA - Auxiliary units of 

wholesale organizations 51 

Table lOB - Ownership groups 51 

Table 11 - Sales by retailers to 

other retailers 52 

Table 12A - Cities of more than 

50,000 population 52 

Table 12B - Cities of 20,000 to 

50,000 population 52 

Table 13 - Cities and counties... 52 
Tables, iletailed sunimaiy for the 

United States (see Page S3) 
Tables, text (see Contents) 
Types of operation 

De f 1 ned 42 

1933 and 1935 classifications.. . .126 
Number of types of operation used 

in the Census 42 

Wholesale trade by 16 



Voluntary-group wholesalers, defined. 43 



w 

Pago 

Wage rates 26, 28 

Wagon distributors, defined 43 

Warehouse employees 48 

Warehouse expenses 49 

Vfholesale Census - what It does not 

include 5 

Wholesale Census - what it includes 5 
Wholesale establisbn»nts, defined.. 47 

Wholesale merchants, defined 43 

Wholeeale sales by retailers 41 

Wholesale schedule, Form 31 137 

Wholesale trade, general summary of 7 

Wholesale trade by cities 13, 15 

Wholesale trade by city-size 

groups 13, IS, 16 

Vfholesala trade by geographic 

dlTlsiona. 9 

Wholesale trade by kinds of business. 18 

Wholesale trade by States 9, 11 

Wholesale trade by types of 

operation 16, 17 

Wholesale trade, comparlaons of.... 8 

Wholesale trade, definition of 4 

'^oleeale trade facts X 

Wholesaling, Census concept of 4 

Wholesaling In its broader aspects. 3 
Wholesaling in its narrower aspects. 4 

'Wholesaling, scope of 4 

Women, employment of 29 



Vol. I - Page X 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




SUMMARY OF FACTS ON 
















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 
















NATIONAL AND STATE 










DIVISION 




Number 


Number of cities 
in 1930 


Number of wholesale 
establishments 


Net sales | 


1935 


1933 


















Per- 




AND 
STATE 


Population 

1935 y 


of 
count- 
ies 


Over 
50,000 
popu- 


20,000 

to 
50,000 


5,000 

to 
20,000 


1935 


1933 


1929 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 
of 


cent 
gain 
1935 


Amount 








lation 


popu- 
lation 


popu- 
lation 








(add 000) 


total 


over 
1933 


(add 000) 


UNITED STATES 

NEW ENGLAND 

Connecticut 


127.521.000 


3.074 


191 


231 


1,361 


176,756 


163,583 


168,820 


142,302,913 


100.0 


42.6 


♦30,009,590 


8,497,000 


67 


25 


48 


128 


9,580 


8,592 


9,756 


2,528,497 


5.92 


35.4 


1,867,712 


1,717,000 


8 


5 


U 


13 


1,481 


1,396 


1,365 


306,078 


.72 


35.6 


225,724 


Maine 


845,000 


16 


1 


2 


15 


970 


360 


986 


127,840 


.30 


29.8 


93,462 


Massactiusetts 


4,375,000 


14 


16 


25 


71 


5,739 


5,125 


6,038 


1,806,346 


4.22 


35.3 


1,334,893! 


New Hampsh i re 


502,000 


10 


1 


3 


10 


363 


334 


325 


54,069 


.13 


42.0 


33,074 


Rhode Island 


681,000 


5 


2 


6 


10 


683 


577 


734 


180,597 


.42 


40.2 


123,808 


Vermont 


377,000 


14 


— 


1 


9 


344 


300 


308 


53,667 


.13 


28.3 


41,751 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

New Jersey 


27.245.000 


150 


41 


62 


327 


40.392 


34.170 


38.045 


14.296.623 


33.40 


37.9 


10.364.095 


4,288,000 


21 


13 


17 


SB. 


3,025 


2,682 


2,334 


708,645 


1.66 


44.0 


492,270 


New York 


12,890,000 


62 


13 


19 


79 


26,915 


21,825 


25,202 


10,346,966 


25.34 


38.1 


7,356,469 


Pennsyl vania 


10,067,000 


67 


15 


26 


163 


10,452 


9,663 


10,509 


2,741,012 


6.40 


36.0 


2,015,356 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

II 1 i noi s 


25.592.000 


436 


44 


70 


290 


35.638 


34.442 


32,053 


3.709.015 


20.35 


50.5 


5,785,417 


7,817,000 


102 


9 


19 


86 


12,009 


U,898 


11,556 


3,937,609 


9.20 


45.0 


2,715,156 


India na 


3,429,000 


92 


8 


10 


43 


4,333 


4,229 


3,726 


654,917 


1.53 


65.3 


396,107 


Michigan 


4,731,000 


83 


U 


8 


B3 


6,065 


5,791 


5,239 


1,410,767 


3.30 


70.5 


827,256 


Ohio 


6,707,000 


88 


12 


19 


79 


9,086 


8,286 


8,035 


2,023,552 


4.74 


48.4 


1,367,382 


Wi scons 1 n 


2,908,000 


71 


4 


14 


29 


4,145 


4,238 


3,502 


677,170 


1.53 


41.2 


479,516 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

Iowa 


13.708.000 


621 


16 


20 


135 


29.526 


29.115 


28.629 


4,786.928 


11.13 


36.5 


3,506.267 


2,534,000 


99 


4 


8 


23 


5,063 


5,250 


4,946 


627,795 


1.47 


39.0 


451,730 


Kansas 


1,878,000 


105 


3 


2 


27 


4,621 


5,003 


4,315 


398,387 


.93 


36.3 


292,279 


Ml nnesota 


2,627,000 


87 


3 


3 


26 


5,695 


5,178 


5,243 


1,138,413 


2.73 


39.2 


853,915 


Missour 1 


3,913,000 


115 


4 


5 


28 


6,691 


6,085 


6,649 


1,811,544 


4.23 


33.8 


1,354,198 


Nebraska 


1,364,000 


93 


2 


_ 


16 


3,122 


3,409 


2,886 


527,719 


1.23 


36.2 


387,601 


North Dakota 


700,000 


53 


— 


1 


9 


2,435 


2,435 


2,618 


133,808 


.31 


43.4 


93,280 


South Dakota 


692,000 


69 


— 


1 


7 


1,899 


1,755 


1,972 


99,262 


.23 


35.5 


73,264 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 


16.878.000 


5S6 


23 


24 


132 


15.367 


14.507 


15.592 


3.406,153 


_7,96_ 


45.7 


2,338,443 


256,000 


3 


1 


_^ 


_^ 


262 


259 


286 


106,300 


.25 


79.6 


59,182 


District of Columbia 


594,000 


.. 


1 


.- 





629 


568 


492 


242,729 


.57 


68.4 


144,119 


Florida 


1,614,000 


67 


3 


4 


24 


2,239 


2,041 


2,041 


399,290 


.93 


51.7 


263,211 


Georgia 


3,035,000 


161 


4 


3 


24 


2,667 


2,269 


3,175 


605,272 


1.41 


47.9 


409,362 


Mar V 1 and 


1,669,000 


24 


1 


2 


6 


2,316 


2,224 


2,198 


496,017 


1.16 


28.4 


336,450 


North Carol 1 na 


3,417,000 


100 


5 


4 


29 


2,458 


2,356 


2,403 


555,396 


1.30 


41.2 


393,370 


South Carolina 


1,840,000 


46 


2 


2 


17 


1,422 


1,242 


1,539 


267,122 


.62 


55.2 


172,062 


Virginia 


2,637,000 


100 


3 


6 


16 


2,123 


2,370 


2,331 


502,951 


1.18 


54.7 


325,155 


West Virginia 


1,816,000 


55 


3 


3 


16 


1,251 


1,178 


1,127 


231,076 


.54 


24.5 


185,532 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Alabama 


10.512.000 


364 


9 


14 


70 


7.594 


6,806 


7,719 


1,609.657 


3.76 


65.0 


975,830 


2,834,000 


67 


3 


4 


18 


1,668 


1,601 


1,737 


304,549 


.71 


49.5 


203,657 


Kentucky 


2,346,000 


120 


2 


B 


22 


2,057 


2,001 


2,024 


379,597 


.89 


43.7 


255,260 


Mississippi 


2,008,000 


82 





3 


14 


1,243 


1,244 


1,712 


179,902 


.42 


26.2 


142,548 


Tennessee 


2,824,000 


95 


4 


2 


16 


2,626 


1,960 


2,246 


745,609 


1.74 


99.2 


374,365 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Arkansas 


12,705.000 


470 


15 


17 


126 


15.056 


15,053 


17,526 


2,696,574 


6.30 


40.5 


1,919,042 


1,999,000 


75 


1 


3 


14 


1,504 


1,292 


2,045 


130,309 


.42 


53.2 


117,729 


Louisiana 


2,120,000 


64 


2 


3 


14 


2,131 


2,094 


1,726 


580,260 


1.36 


29.2 


449,211 


Oklahoma 


2,509,000 


77 


2 


3 


33 


3,668 


4,169 


4,168 


404,465 


.94 


35.8 


297,877 


Texas 


6,077,000 


254 


10 


8 


65 


7,753 


7,498 


9,587 


1,531,540 


3.58 


45.3 


1,054,225 


MOUNTAIN 

Ar izona 


3.746.000 


277 


3 


8 


55 


6.413 


5.868 


5.777 


847,030 


1.98 


55.9 


543.240 


406,000 


14 





2 


6 


541 


467 


356 


78,046 


.18 


71.0 


45,654 


Colorado 


1,062,000 


63 


2 


1 


15 


1,884 


1,814 


2,075 


324,382 


.76 


39.6 


232,374 


Idaho 


479,000 


44 


— 


1 


6 


954 


764 


673 


82,195 


.19 


62.6 


50,537 


Montana 


531,000 


56 





2 


10 


1,254 


1,239 


1,243 


121,641 


.28 


64.8 


73,790 


Nevada 


99,000 


17 


— 


— 


2 


158 


139 


96 


15,300 


.04 


56.7 


9,763 


New Mexico 


422,000 


31 


— 


1 


6 


397 


447 


315 


45,579 


.11 


64.4 


27,730 


Utah 


515,000 


29 


1 


1 


5 


888 


649 


736 


154,139 


.36 


83.0 


84,275 


Wyomi ng 


232,000 


23 


~ 


~ 


5 


337 


349 


283 


25,698 


.06 


34.4 


19,117 


PACIFIC 

Cal 1 f or nia 


8,638,000 


133 


15 


18 


98 


17,190 


15,030 


13,713 


3,922,436 


9.16 \ 44.8 


2,709,544 


5,997,000 


58 


11 


13 


73 


12,342 


11,000 


9,693 


2,975,253 


6.95 


42.1 


2,094,297 


Oregon 


1,008,000 


36 


1 


1 


13 


1,615 


1,326 


1,437 


343,443 


.80 


74.8 


196,445 


Wash 1 ngton 


1,633,000 


39 


3 


4 


12 


3,233 


2,704 


2,588 


603,740 


1.41 


44.2 


418,802 



\J Bureau ol Census e&dmales ol population «■ of July I. I93S 































Vol. 1 - Pa 


ge XI 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


1935 






SUMMARY OF FACTS ON 
























WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION (Continued) 


























NATIONAL AND STATE 














Net 
Sales 
1929 




Sales by type 
Percent of 


of Operation, 
total: 1935 




N 


jmber oi 


employees _ 


2/ 


Active 
pro- 
prie- 
ton 
and 
firm 
members 


Total pay roll | 


1935 • 


1933 


1929 


1935 . 


1933 1 


S 2 : 

E-^J 




'is 

u o 

1^ 


1| 


V 

< 


V 
-D 
£ 

1 


Number 


Per 

cent 

women 

J/ 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 
to 
Sales 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 
to 
Sales 


(add 000) 


3 E 


z s 


2 
















i/ 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 




166,983.024 


41.2 


17.4 


8.5 


6.3 


20.8 


5.8 


1,277,717 


18.6 


1,187,688 


1.510,494 


97,225 


$2,049,483 


4.8 


$1,669,487 


5.5 


4,005.910 


49.9 


19.2 


5.6 


8.6 


14.1 


2.6 


82,271 


17.4 


74,454 


106,152 


5,165 


135,916 


5.4 


113.526 


6.1 


488,435 


56.4 


20.0 


3.6 


13.6 


4.6 


1.8 


12,818 


18.2 


12, U8 


17,117 


766 


20 , 498 


6.7 


17,559 


7.8 


175,853 


51.3 


17.0 


3.7 


16.4 


3.9 


7.7 


6,430 


12.4 


5,957 


7,214 


504 


8,655 


6.8 


7,575 


7.8 


2,948.372 


48.6 


19.4 


6.1 


6.2 


17.6 


2.1 


52,110 


18.5 


46,630 


70,142 


3,215 


90,444 


5.0 


74,930 


5.6 


60,500 


49.8 


25.2 


8/ 


22.6 


1.0 


1.4 


2.261 


13.2 


2,244 


2,265 


172 


3,201 


5.9 


2,895 


7.6 


875,357 


51.2 


17.6 


8.0 


11.1 


11.2 


.9 


6,339 


16.2 


5,352 


7,516 


369 


9,953 


5.5 


7,717 


6.0 


57,393 


47.9 


11.4 


8/ 


18.2 


1.8 


20.7 


2,313 


11.3 


2,163 


1,898 


140 


3,165 


5.9 


2,750 


6.5 


22.702,703 


41.8 


18.4 


11.2 


3.5 


24.0 


1.1 


352,660 


20.7 


301,563 


410,399 


25,436 


664,547 


4.6 


608,070 


4.9 


935,531 


54.6 


20,3 


4.2 


15.3 


4.3 


1.3 


25,560 


13.3 


24,196 


26,578 


1,670 


43,521 


6.1 


35,420 


7.2 


17,143,753 


41.4 


17.5 


10.4 


2.2 


27.6 


.» 


243,709 


22.8 


199,067 


274,699 


16,626 


488,157 


4.5 


360,628 


4.6 


4,623,429 


39.9 


21.4 


16.9 


5.9 


14.9 


2.0 


82,391 


16.7 


78,300 


109,122 


7,240 


132,869 


4.8 


112,022 


5.6 


13,445,712 


38.0 


17.5 


11.7 


6.3 


21.0 


5.5 


265,150 


17.8 


242,322 


334,833 


19,732 


432,053 


5.0 


346,139 


5.0 


6,675,726 


33.5 


18.4 


12.4 


4.0 


26.9 


4.8 


105,047 


19.2 


94,828 


158,043 


6.611 


183,574 


4.7 


146,420 


1 — 
5.4 


888,816 


41.7 


12.3 


3.0 


9.9 


21.3 


11.8 


23,677 


13.2 


20,781 


24,311 


2.183 


33,211 


5.1 


25,754 


6.5 


2,027,341 


37.0 


19.5 


18.2 


8.8 


12.4 


4.1 


42.604 


19.5 


37,638 


44,584 


3,680 


67,347 


4.8 


51,049 


6.2 


2,925,525 


42.6 


17.1 


10.9 


6.9 


17.3 


6.3 


68,709 


16.7 


64,460 


79,075 


5,323 


110,030 


5.4 


89,630 


6.6 


928,304 


49.0 


14.3 


4.8 


9.6 


15.1 


7.2 


26,213 


16.6 


24,625 


28,820 


2,035 


37,891 


5.6 


32,296 


6.7 


8,454,665 


36.8 


16.0 


4.0 


6.0 


23.7 


13.6 


146,021 


15.4 


144,897 


187,276 


13,745 


211,697 


4.4 


183,877 


5.2 


1,043,316 


31.7 


9.9 


2.9 


9.0 


19.9 


26.6 


20,043 


13.8 


22,142 


26,748 


2,619 


26,004 


4.1 


25,324 


5.6 


886,611 


34.8 


9.5 


3.6 


10.9 


19.0 


22.2 


13,087 


10.0 


14,561 


18,994 


2,076 


16,720 


4.2 


16,431 


5.6 


1,667,535 


44.3 


11.3 


3.7 


6.2 


23.3 


12.2 


32,332 


16.8 


31,836 


36,054 


2,686 


49,988 


4.2 


41,992 


4.9 


3,306.536 


38.1 


24.0 


5.5 


3.6 


24,0 


4.8 


56,936 


18.7 


52,260 


77,329 


3.740 


88,394 


4.9 


71,797 


5.3 


1,053,441 


25.6 


12.4 


2.4 


4.9 


39.7 


15.0 


13,948 


14.3 


14,644 


16,882 


1,603 


18,253 


3.5 


17,196 


4.4 


261,131 


29.1 


18.7 


1.0 


12.6 


2.3 


36.4 


5,067 


6.0 


4,852 


6.917 


588 


6,639 


5.0 


5,816 


5.2 


236,095 


34.7 


8.2 


S/ 


16.4 


9.7 


31.0 


4,608 


11. S 


4,602 


5,362 


634 


5,699 


6.7 


5,322 


7.3 


4,485,643 


40.5 


18.1 


6.4 


9.5 


18.8 


6.7 


120,167 


18.9 


116,631 


122,630 


8,546 


159,626 


4.7 


129,867 


5.6 


113,087 


24.2 


63.8 


1.9 


6.5 


2.2 


1.4 


1,917 


14.9 


1,700 


2,118 


148 


3,201 


3.0 


2,357 


4.0 


223.401 


53.7 


22.2 


10.7 


4.2 


8.6 


.6 


8,274 


13.8 


6,886 


6,766 


327 


13,819 


5.7 


10,042 


7.0 


444.078 


42.9 


17.1 


3.5 


15.0 


9.9 


11.6 


19,011 


16.6 


20,635 


18,725 


1,005 


22,564 


5.7 


18,920 


7.2 


997.447 


37.8 


22.6 


8.8 


7.2 


17.8 


5.8 


19,345 


19.9 


16,237 


21,275 


1,371 


26,995 


4.5 


20,431 


5.0 


711,412 


41.7 


20.7 


9.8 


8.2 


16.1 


3.6 


19,266 


19.4 


18,906 


21,712 


1,744 


25,585 


5.2 


21,529 


5.6 


696,118 


32.6 


13.8 


6.2 


9.4 


28.2 


9.8 


17,676 


21.7 


17,856 


16,745 


1,460 


21,687 


3.9 


17,782 


4.5 


333.628 


42.0 


5.2 


2.7 


10.6 


29.0 


10.6 


6,529 


14.7 


6,591 


6,113 


809 


8,202 


3.1 


5,393 


3.7 


621.139 


39.0 


12.2 


4.6 


11.6 


24.7 


7,9 


19,180 


23.8 


20,560 


20,139 


1,065 


24,216 


4.8 


21,075 


6.5 


341,433 


54.6 


15.2 


4.3 


10.2 


13.6 


2.1 


8,969 


12.0 


8,260 


10,047 


617 


13,356 


5.8 


11.328 


5.1 


2,496,685 


41.5 


12.7 


4.1 


8.1 


26.6 


8.1 


53,513 


14.9 


50,168 


58,388 


4,329 


68,569 


4.3 


54,773 


5.6 


566,403 


50.9 


14.4 


4.8 


11.2 


13.3 


5.4 


11,293 


13.7 


10,547 


13,428 


920 


15, a2 


5.0 


12,481 


6.1 


500,389 


44.8 


9.0 


6.9 


8.7 


22.6 


8.0 


16,009 


16.4 


15,820 


17,725 


1,240 


18,402 


4.8 


16,172 


6.3 


384,948 


37.6 


5.6 


1.4 


13.1 


18.4 


23.9 


5,750 


12.5 


6,032 


6,254 


633 


7,010 


3.9 


6,227 


4.4 


1,044,945 


37.0 


15.6 


3.1 


5.3 


33.6 


5.4 


20,461 


14.7 


17,769 


20,981 


1,636 


27,945 


3.7 


19,893 


5.3 


4,739,143 


48.5 


14.2 


4.2 


8.4 


14.8 


9,9 


84,557 


14.3 


84,155 


99,104 


7,618 


113,638 


4.2 


100,777 


5.3 


366,510 


52.2 


7.0 


1.3 


12.8 


14.7 


12.0 


6,791 


9.0 


6,842 


7,797 


747 


8,420 


4,7 


7,603 


6.5 


830,966 


44.3 


15.6 


4.9 


6.7 


13.6 


14.9 


17,925 


14,9 


19,375 


17,037 


938 


24,557 


4.2 


23,316 


5.2 


769,696 


39.4 


13.6 


4.6 


10.8 


16.9 


14.8 


13,459 


11.0 


14,333 


18,268 


1,792 


18,604 


4.6 


17,253 


5.8 


2,771,972 


52.0 


14.6 


4.3 


8.0 


14.7 


6.4 


46,382 


15.7 


43,606 


66,002 


4,141 


62,057 


4.1 


52,606 


5.0 


1,173,657 


41.1 


13.1 


3,8 


13.6 


17.1 


11.3 


29,869 


13.8 


29,616 


32,398 


2,323 


43,226 


5.1 


35,885 


6.8 


97,024 


43.6 


9.6 


1.9 


18.8 


17.4 


8.8 


2,792 


9.2 


2,903 


2,976 


239 


4,142 


5.3 


3,556 


7.8 


539,626 


35.7 


19.1 


6.2 


7.9 


24.9 


6.2 


10,283 


16.2 


11,917 


13,869 


830 


15,346 


4.7 


15,157 


6.5 


97,157 


39.9 


6.0 


8/ 


20.0 


3.9 


31.2 


3,633 


14.0 


3,063 


3,271 


360 


4,277 


6.2 


3,249 


5.4 


158,227 


42.0 


8.9 


1.1 


14.2 


13.4 


20.4 


4,070 


12.4 


3,764 


4,133 


225 


5,947 


4.9 


4,852 


6.5 


13.718 


56.8 


6.3 


8/ 


37.3 


.1 


.6 


713 


8.3 


496 


477 


48 


1,178 


7.7 


735 


7.5 


53.143 


62.1 


3.2 


.1 


19.2 


9.0 


6.4 


1,691 


9.6 


1,453 


1,257 


141 


2,415 


5.3 


1.933 


7.0 


180,101 


41.8 


16.4 


5.2 


13.0 


16.8 


7.8 


5,832 


15.1 


4,971 


5,544 


357 


8,588 


5.6 


6,138 


7.3 


34.661 


51.3 


6.1 


8/ 


28.0 


2.5 


12.1 


955 


9.4 


950 


871 


123 


1,340 


5.2 


1,265 


6.4 


5,478,906 


4^.2 


18.6 


6.1 


8.8 


14.4 


9.9 


143,509 


22.3 


143,982 


169,314 


10,330 


220,212 


5.6 


186,583 


5.9 


4,054,546 


42.6 


19.5 


6.7 


7.7 


13.4 


10.1 


109,226 


21.6 


110,690 


117,464 


8,450 


167,453 


5.6 


143.076 


6.8 


465,196 


40.9 


18.5 


4.7 


13.0 


14.7 


8.2 


11,423 


32.0 


10,798 


14,055 


674 


17,826 


5.2 


14,342 


7.3 


969,164 


41.2 


14.3 


4.1 


11.7 


19.3 


9.4 


22,860 


25.6 


22,594 


27,795 


1,206 


34,933 


6.8 


29,166 


7.0 



2/ F.gu(«i to. 1935 and 193j 

3y Ba»«d upun jifuict ioi on« 

4/ Not counled ai employee*. 

6/ Combined oilh manulaciure 

• Inciude* the lollowing olm 



ilhly averkge*. whila tko»« fo< 



or ■• any allowance 'or rheir compcnkali 

Mies brkncK*! 
le* lor commiMion bulk tank fialtona: Employo 



1929 arc quaileilv average! 
ncludcd in pay roll. 



17.164 and total pay roll S-:?. 221 .000. 



Vol. I - Page XII 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




SUMMARY OF FACTS ON 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION (Continued) 






















NATIONAL AND 


STATE 














DIVISION 

AND 

STATE 


Total 

pay roll 

1929 


Average weekly wage rates. 
Full-time employees. S/ 


Stocks 

on hand, 

end of 

1935 

at cost 

(add 000) 


Retail stores per 

wholesale 
establishment 6, 


1 «l 

H 
II 

_ o 
a=-o 


Percent o( w 


nolesale 


sales lo: 7/ ] 


1 
2 

V 

a. 


I 8 


it 
-i 3 


(J 
It 

OS 
i 


c c 
col 


Office and 

clerical 
employees 


Inside 

selling 

employees 


Outside 

selling 

employees 


^ 

5 i 


°1 


Amount 
(add 000) 


Per- 
cent 
to 
Sala 


UNITED STATES 

NEW ENGLAND 

Connecticut 


♦8,^962,774 


4.4 


#84.67 


♦27.90 


♦38.52 


♦20.95 


$80.66 


♦3,106,609 


18.6 


187.8 


45.4 


1.5 


89.8 


80.8 


3.1 


203,583 


5.1 


23.05 


27,62 


37.14 


21.87 


81.90 


189,384 


18.4 


215.7 


48.8 


1.8 


35.6 


13.0 


.8 


£7,504 


5.6 


22.55 


29.30 


35.58 


18.86 


21.15 


29,928 


22.3 


388.4 


67.7 


2.7 


81.2 


7.7 


.7 


Maine 


11,202 


6.4 


20.84 


28.73 


35,60 


19.10 


20.80 


13,808 


86.8 


354.8 


71.7 


3.8 


11.5 


13.0 


— 


Massactiusetls 


143,777 


4.9 


23.83 


88.60 


38.88 


83.81 


28.58 


182,483 


14.8 


166.3 


41.8 


1.4 


41.5 


14.3 


1.0 


New Hampshire 


3,667 


6.1 


21.52 


24.49 


32.81 


83.14 


80.54 


4,686 


35.9 


566.4 


81.3 


5.8 


8.8 


4.7 


— 


Rhode Island 


14,534 


5.3 


20.97 


24.74 


35.59 


19.92 


20.34 


14,352 


17.9 


837.5 


53.9 


1.6 


33.6 


10.8 


.1 


Vermont 


2,899 


5.1 


21.19 


28.44 


32.88 


21.93 


21.72 


4,727 


31.8 


386,6 


75.4 


5.3 


6.6 


12.7 


-- 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

New Jersey 


952,754 


4.2 


25.44 


31.24 


48.96 


22.97 


83.50 


974,215 


14.8 


141.7 


42.4 


1.0 


33.5 


18.6 


4.4 


54,648 


5.8 


24.23 


28.01 


36.67 


81.75 


81.97 


51,684 


89,7 


315.3 


68.4 


2.6 


18.3 


10.0 


.7 


New York 


683,265 


4.0 


25.87 


33.42 


43.05 


88.96 


24.50 


758,585 


10.7 


105.7 


38.9 


.8 


34.5 


20.3 


5.5 


Pennsyl vania 


214,841 


4.6 


24.18 


27,04 


44.79 


83.48 


21.42 


170,066 


18.4 


228.8 


49.7 


1.5 


33.9 


14.1 


.6 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 


676,977 


5.0 


24.01 


26.88 


38.04 


80.88 


21.48 


501,319 


18.6 


816.8 


44.6 


1.5 


32.7 


80.6 


.4 


1! 1 1 nois 


338,395 


5.1 


24.95 


29.19 


39.81 


21.03 


22.19 


195,190 


16.3 


164.7 


38.2 


1.0 


34.6 


85.7 


.5 


Indiana 


42,531 


4.8 


80.66 


23.18 


38.88 


18.50 


19.55 


41,874 


83.1 


885.4 


53.2 


2.2 


19.9 


84.6 


.1 


Mich igan 


94,052 


4.6 


83.95 


25.76 


38.84 


21.01 


20.78 


75,086 


18.6 


866.0 


50.9 


2.0 


35.1 


11.8 


.2 


Ohio 


151,481 


5.2 


84.08 


26.11 


37.93 


21.13 


81.86 


134,047 


18.4 


227.2 


47.0 


2.0 


33.8 


16.8 


.4 


Wisconsi n 


50,518 


5.4 


22.46 


•26.18 


35.87 


21,20 


22.38 


55,122 


88.5 


262.8 


53.0 


8.3 


25.3 


19.2 


.2 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL 


322,642 


3.8 


23.76 


26.24 


36.28 


20.21 


20.43 


373,649 


24.7 


199.9 


47.6 


2.3 


26.2 


83.3 


.6 


Iowa 


40,839 


3.9 


28.89 


24.49 


33.62 


18.75 


18.63 


36,163 


30.3 


386.5 


47.4 


3.7 


80.4 


88.5 





Kansas 


28,612 


3.2 


22.84 


83.49 


34.09 


20.09 


21.83 


28,801 


33.1 


323.4 


49.0 


2.8 


32.6 


15.1 


.5 


Ml nnesota 


62,428 


3.7 


24.09 


28.07 


36.94 


28.30 


21.38 


112,228 


82.8 


155.9 


41.2 


1.7 


34.8 


88.8 


.7 


Ml ssour 1 


144,167 


4.4 


84.21 


86.63 


36.55 


19.86 


20.55 


144,979 


17.3 


137.3 


51.2 


1.5 


23.3 


88.9 


1.1 


Nebraska 


28,047 


2.7 


23.34 


85.87 


38.85 


19.17 


80.75 


29,167 


31.1. 


266.1 


47.5 


2.4 


25.2 


84.8 


.1 


North Dakota 


9,935 


3.8 


83.55 


84.98 


36.21 


19.90 


19.98 


12,635 


40.3 


385.5 


53.0 


7.5 


7.9 


31.6 


— 


South Dakota 


8,614 


3.6 


80.28 


24.82 


36.20 


15.83 


12.45 


9,682 


44.5 


428.2 


54.1 


5.2 


12.6 


28.1 


— 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 


197,200 


4.4 


83.79 


84.55 


35.90 


18.41 


15.21 


278,968 


23.7 


239.1 


52.7 


1.4 


27.5 


15.9 


2.5 


3,778 


3.2 


80.59 


84.66 


36.81 


18.81 


18.68 


7,057 


30.3 


298.9 


21.2 


.8 


59.4 


14.7 


3.9 


District ol Columbia 


12,666 


5.7 


86.85 


28.98 


34.87 


83.54 


19.42 


13,088 


15.0 


254.0 


58.9 


2.1 


33.0 


5.4 


.6 


Florida 


26,271 


5.9 


83.41 


82.43 


33.27 


17.87 


15.10 


29,135 


22.2 


248.3 


64.5 


1.8 


11.9 


19.9 


1.9 


Georgia 


36,728 


3.7 


24.92 


24.43 


37.74 


16.43 


11.52 


43,885 


88.9 


211.9 


53.5 


1.0 


25.9 


17.3 


2.3 


Maryland 


32,752 


4.6 


81.88 


25.11 


33.30 


17.89 


17.66 


31,981 


16.0 


223.8 


55.1 


1.1 


27.8 


15.2 


.8 


Monti Carolina 


25,679 


3.7 


83.66 


22.36 


35.26 


16.79 


13.75 


61,499 


85.7 


855.7 


46.8 


1.5 


36.3 


13.6 


2.4 


South Carol i na 


10,535 


3.2 


23.57 


28.91 


32.54 


16.54 


12.50 


13,645 


31.7 


821.4 


41.4 


1.4 


38.8 


15.8 


3.2 


Virginia' 


29,575 


4.8 


83.80 


86.81 


38.44 


18.64 


14.49 


58,935 


86.2 


240.1 


50.9 


1.1 


80.8 


21.3 


6.5 


West Virginia 


19,216 


5.6 


85.03 


23.71 


41.16 


20.34 


19.66 


20,343 


24.9 


863.4 


63.8 


2.1 


18.9 


14.6 


.6 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 


94,377 


3.8 


23.53 


23.54 


35.10 


15.81 


13.93 


130,068 


88.8 


207.4 


46.2 


1.3 


24.0 


86.8 


2.3 


Alabama 


23,551 


4.2 


24.79 


23.00 


37.14 


15.57 


13.38 


88,838 


30.4 


217.4 


59.2 


1.4 


22.0 


14.0 


3.4 


Kentucky 


25,872 


5.8 


22.49 


28.29 


32.95 


16.42 


14.40 


44,255 


88.8 


828.8 


58.0 


1.8 


21.3 


21.4 


3.5 


Mississippi 


10,520 


8.7 


23.36 


22.16 


33.09 


13.43 


12.18 


12,486 


35.4 


863.8 


45.9 


1.4 


83.7 


27.3 


1.7 


lennessee 


34,434 


3.3 


23.63 


25.13 


36.05 


16.14 


14.32 


50,555 


25.0 


175.8 


39.4 


1.1 


85.8 


32.2 


1.5 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 


167,831 


3.5 


24.68 


25.36 


34.88 


17.36 


13.71 


267,675 


24.1 


176.6 


45.3 


1.2 


82.2 


18.7 


12.6 


Arkansas 


11,949 


3.3 


83.11 


24.65 


34.70 


15.41 


14.64 


16,348 


33.4 


855.9 


65.7 


1.3 


10.1 


22.8 


.1 


Lou 1 siana 


29,252 


3.5 


84.00 


26.68 


34.71 


17.01 


14.61 


75,265 


22.3 


133.9 


48.8 


.8 


20.0 


19.0 


17.4 


Oklahoma 


30,784 


4.0 


85.58 


85.75 


36.19 


18.20 


18.88 


31,296 


24.2 


272.9 


47.7 


1.7 


28.2 


21.7 


.7 


Texas 


95,846 


3.5 


85.08 


84.88 


34,61 


17.67 


12.66 


144,766 


23.0 


161.8 


43.8 


1.3 


83.0 


17.4 


15.1 


MOUNTAIN 

Ar izona 


55,569 


4.7 


£4.35 


£5.70 


36.56 


80.75 


£1.91 


66,583 


22.9 


316.0 


52.3 


2.5 


16.4 


28.8 


.6 


5,407 


5.6 


26.33 


£4.97 


33.87 


20.29 


£8.22 


5,345 


21.5 


355.8 


47.4 


2.8 


10.8 


38.8 


6.2 


Colorado 


23,947 


4.4 


23.12 


£4.03 


35.99 


18.90 


20.41 


18,782 


19.3 


261.3 


47.1 


1.2 


15.4 


36.8 


.1 


Idaho 


4,479 


4.6 


25,47 


84.77 


34.04 


22.90 


21.24 


7,678 


27.0 


427.2 


54.6 


2.5 


16.0 


26.9 


~ 


Montana 


6,979 


4.4 


24.53 


87.65 


36.64 


23.55 


85.61 


13,172 


33.0 


371.1 


56.0 


4.4 


16.4 


83.1 


.1 


Nevada 


877 


6.4 


31.10 


33.74 


33.97 


26.67 


84.61 


1,151 


24.1 


505.7 


88.5 


2.1 


8.4 


.6 


.4 


New Mexico 


2,313 


4.4 


26.49 


85.65 


37.04 


80.47 


80.84 


5,355 


35.1 


313.5 


60.3 


2.8 


24.6 


12.3 


— 


Utah 


9,712 


5.4 


23.77 


85.65 


39.00 


2Q.52 


22.16 


12,435 


14.8 


204.9 


53.7 


3.4 


19.9 


83.0 


— 


Wyomi ng 


1,855 


5.4 


27.89 


33.67 


38.71 


22.73 


86.36 


2,665 


33.8 


626.9 


73.6 


2.4 


18.5 


5.5 


— 


PACIFIC 

Cal i(or ma 


291,841 


5.3 


86.56 


89.52 


37.07 


23.35 


84.86 


324.748 


15.0 


198.7 


46.2 


1.8 


22.6 


26.8 


3.£ 


816,813 


5.3 


86.78 


29.82 


36.57 


23.45 


84.21 


237,943 


14.1 


183.7 


45.9 


1.6 


22.6 


27.3 


£.6 


Oregon 


24,056 


5.8 


86.09 


29.03 


36.82 


23.20 


25.54 


31,202 


20.0 


839.2 


48.7 


8.4 


29.6 


16.0 


3.3 


Washi ngton 


50,972 


5.3 


85.82 


28.30 


39.92 


2£.98 


27.90 


55,603 


16.7 


818.5 


46.3 


2.4 


18.7 


86.4 


6.2 



5/ Full-«etvice *nd I.r 
6/ Full-actvice *nd liin 
7/ Based upon umple 



tied-lunclton whoteislcrt only, 
ited function wholoalcta only, 
inlormatton. See Tabic 7. 



Fot the moil pari, rh« (iguiei aie for week ending October 26, 1935. 



Vol. 1 -Page 1 



CHAPTER I 
INTRODUCTION 



It has been asserted frequently that our distributive system is 
complex and cumbersome; that there have been and are unnecessary middlemen 
involved in the distribution of goods from the prime producer to the consumer; 
that the expenses of distribution are out of proportion to production costs. 
These challenges have served to focus attention upon our marketing system 
and have changed the national emphasis for efficiency from production to 
distribution. The generally recognized need for improvement resulted in a 
demand for a thorough quantitative analysis of the distributive process 
accompanied by dependable facts. 

In response to this need, the Bureau of the Census undertook a canvass 
of distribution in 1926 in eleven representative cities ranging in size 
from Fargo, North Dakota (population, 28,619) to Chicago, Illinois (popula- 
tion, 3,375,438). As a result of this trial census, the first complete Census 
of Distribution was provided for in the Fifteenth Decennial Census Act 
approved by Congress, June 18, 1929. 

THE FIRST CENSUS OF DISTRIBUTION: 1929. --In 1930 there was taken for 
the first time a complete enumeration of every distribution establishment 
in the United States. Special agents of the Bureau were sent to various 
parts of the country to supervise the canvass. This census was designed 
to ascertain for each place of business in 1929, the nature of the business, 
location--State and city--, sales or receipts, employment, pay roll, 
operating expenses, merchandise on hand for resale and other pertinent 
information. The entire project was completed in 1932. 

This census served to clear the air of many misconceptions by supplying 
the first quantitative description of the marketing structure and its 
functioning; also by measuring the extent of the task and the approximate 
manner in which that task was being performed. The facts issued were 
generally hailed as a substantial contribution to knowledge of the distri- 
bution mechanism. The principal limitation in the usefulness of this first 
census was the inability to make comparisons with other periods and to 
ascertain trends. 

THE CENSUS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS: 1933. --To provide an additional quantita- 
tive measure, the second census of merchandising establishments was taken in 1934 
by the Bureau of the Census with funds supplied by the Civil Works Administra- 
tion. The statistics related to the year 1933. As in the 1929 census, data 
were collected on the number of establishments; number of employees, male and 
female; pay roll; total operating expenses; value of merchandise on hand for 
resale; net sales; credit sales; and sales by classes of customers. In this 
census, data were collected for the first time on the number of persons 
employed by months, thus providing a measure of the seasonal variation in 
wholesale trade. 



Vol. I - Page 2 



THE CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935. --The information obtained in the first 
two censuses resulted in a demand for more current facts. It was realized 
that neither 1933 nor 1929 could be considered representative. Figures 
fDr the two years, however, would serve as points with which to compare 
more recent information. Plans were made to take a third census of Distri- 
bution for 1935, financed by the Works Progress Administration, which is 
known as the Census of Business. The schedule form used in reporting 
wholesale establishments called for more information than either of the 
previous censuses and included inquiries on cooperative and voluntary group 
wholesaling, analysis of operating expenses, analysis of sales by commodities, 
employment and pay roll for one week by occupational groups, as well as the 
basic data on number of establishments, employees, pay roll, total operating 
expenses, sales and stocks on hand. This census provides the third point 
on a curve to measure trends and developments in wholesale distribution. 

COMPARABILITY OF THE THREE CENSUSES . --To facilitate comparisons between 
the three years, an effort has been made to keep the three censuses comparable. 
They are not exactly alike in every respect, however, due to some differences 
in scope, coverage and classification. For instance, figures for chain store 
warehouses were included in 1929 and 1933 as a component part of wholesale 
trade; they are omitted from the 1935 tabulations on wholesale trade, but 
are reported in the Appendix. Likev/ise, the marketing activities of central 
or administrative offices of wholesale chain organizations were included in 
previous censuses, but for 1935 they appear only in a separate tabulation 
(see Tables lOA and lOB). On the other hand, cream stations are included 
in the figures for 1933 and 1935 but were not included to any large extent 
in 1929. Figures for 1933 and 1935 have suffered somewhat by reason of the 
fact that reporting was not, as in 1929, mandatorj'. 

Some differences in classification have resulted from the variation in 
the amount of information called for on the schedule forms used for the 
three years. The 1935 schedule (see Appendix) like that used in 1929 made 
provision for comprehensive commodity information which was not called for 
on the form used in 1933. Inasmuch as establishments are classified by 
kinds of business, partly on the basis of lines of merchandise or commodities 
handled, the detail provided in this census served to keep the classifications 
comparable with those for 1929 but somewhat out of line with those for 1933. 
In making comparisons, a certain latitude must be allowed for dual-line 
establishments which may take one of two classifications (hardware and 
plumbing and heating, groceries and tobacco products, dry goods and clothing, 
drugs and liquors, etc.). For a more detailed discussion of the comparability 
of the three censuses, see Appendix. 



Vol. I - Page 3 

SCOPE OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

The terms "wholesaling", "wholesale trade", and "wholesale distribution" have 
been widely used for many years in discussions of marketing or of general business 
conditions, yet much confusion is current as to their meanijig and no unanimity of 
opinion can be found on the subject. At the present time the term "wholesaling", 
for example, is used in at least three different senses. 

WHOLESAL ING IN ITS BROADS ASPECT S. --Broadly conceived, the term, "wholesaling" 
includes all activities relating to the purchase or sale of goods at wholesale or 
in a wholesale manner. It excludes only those transactions which involve sales to 
ultimate or home consumers. It matters not whether the goods are sold by producers, 
by processors, by wholesalers, or by any of the functional middlemen engaged in 
wholesale trade, such as commission men, brokers, and selling agents; nor does it 
matter whether the goods are sold to a retailer, to an industrial user, or to a 
wholesale organization, so long as the purpose of the customer in buying such goods 
is to resell them in one form or another, or to use them in the conduct of his business. 

Were an attempt made to measure the total volume of wholesale trade in Its broad- 
est aspect, it would be necessary to include within the province of wholesaling: 

1. Sales made by manufacturers or other producers, directly or through their 
sales branches, to wholesalers and other types of wholesale middlemen. 

2. Sales to retailers of all kinds. 

5. Sales to institutions, restaurants, and hotels. 

4. Sales to industrial users, including manufacturers, mine operators, oil 
well companies, fisheries, railroads, public utilities, farmers (for production 
purposes) and Governmental agencies, on the assumption that the goods are 
purchased for business purposes and not for family consiunption. In this 
category are included sales of equipment and supplies to service and professional 
establishments, as exemplified by sales made to barbers, beauty parlors, dentist, 
and doctors, so long as such items are not purchased by ultimate consumers for 
their own use; also sales of building materials to contractors. 

5. All activities of wholesale middlemen who are instrumental in the transfer 
of title to goods which are bought for business purposes. In this group of 
middlemen are included agents and brokers of all kinds. 

6. All purchases of farm products for resale other than to individual consumers, 
irrespective of whether such purchases are made direct from farmers or from 
middlemen. 

When considered in its broader aspects, it is estimated that the total sales 
at wholesale in the year 1935 exceeded $80,000,000,000. This figure includes the 
known sales made at wholesale by manufacturers direct from their plants, by estab- 
lishments engaged primarily in wholesaling and the wholesale business of retail 
stores, totalling $72,119,078,000, as shown on Page 4. To this latter figure 
should be added the value of goods sold at wholesale from the point of production 
by persons engaged in the extractive industries such as farming, fishing, hunting, 
mining, quarrying, etc., and the wholesale sales of itinerant peddlers and others 
without recognizable places of business. Such sales are estimated to exceed 
$8,000,000,000. Inasmuch as the $80,000,000,000 includes raw materials, semi- 
manufactured goods and finished products counted separately each time they were 
sold, a considerable amount of duplication is involved. 



Vol. 



- P%f 4 



Known sales at wholesale 
(add 000) 



Sales by wholesale establishments 1/ 

Less sales to household consumers 1/ 
Goods sold at wholesale by retailers 2/ 
Sales by manufacturers: 3/ 

To industrial and other large users 

To wholesalers and jobbers 

To retailers 
Total known sales at wholesale 



$42,802,913 
510.282 



10,742,251 

10,134,396 

8 .412.051 



142,292,631 
537.749 



29.288.698 
172,119,078 



l/ See Tables 1 and 7, Ceiuut of Wholesale Distribution. 

2/ See Table 11, Census of Wholesale Distribution. 

3/ See Distribution of Manufacturers' Sales, Census of Business. 

WHOLESALING IN ITS NARROWER AS PECTS . --Common usage frequently narrows the 
term "Wholesaling" to the activities of wholesalers who sell to retailers. In 
this narrow sense only wholesalers who take title to the goods and who sell the 
same to bona fide retailers for resale to consiimers are included. In many trades 
the term is narrowed to cover the activities of wholesale merchants, thereby ex- 
cluding the business of certain types of wholesalers who take title to the goods, 
but who render limited services as in the case of drop shippers. Under all cir- 
cumstances, it excludes the business operations of functional middlemen as exemplified 
by agents and brokers as well as those of manufacturers' sales offices and manu- 
facturers' sales branches. 



In accordance with this conception, there were 77,828 such establishments in the 
United States in 1935 doing a business of $14,472,733,000. Frequently some of the 
newer types of wholesalers such as mail-order houses, wagon distributors and cash- 
and-carry wholesalers are thought of as belonging in this category increasing the 
total number of establishments to 82,850 with sales of $14,773,645,000. 

C ENSUS CONCEPT OF WHOLESALING . - -For census purposes the term "wholesaling" or 
"wholesale distribution" is confined to the operations of wholesale establishments, 
as hereinafter defined. It does not include wholesale sales made by manufacturers 
directly from their plants, but does include those made from separate sales estab- 
lishments of manufacturers, such as sales branches and offices especially maintained 
for that purpose; nor does the term include wholesale sales made by farmers or by 
operators of mines, quarries, or oil wells, except from establishments maintained 
primarily for marketing purposes. Obviously, it was impossible to make the term 
all-inclusive, that is, to use it in the broadest aspects , since the census was taken on 
an establishment basis. Had the scope of the Wholesale Census been broadened to in- 
clude such sales, it would have been necessary to secure a separate distribution 
report from every producing establishment and from every farmer and nurseryman, in 
addition to the reports which they submit on production activities to the Census of 
Manufactures, Census of Mines and Quarries, and Census of Agriculture, respectively. 
It has been equally impracticable to confine the term to service wholesalers or to 
any other limited type of wholesalers, inasmuch as a clear-cut functional division 
as between different types of wholesale organizations is practically impossible. 
Much of the wholesale business, even in the sense in which service wholesalers 
operate, is being done by bulk tank stations, by manufacturers' sales branches and 
by other types of wholesale establishments. 



Vol. 1 - Page 5 



WHAT THE WHOLESALE CENSUS INCLUDES . --Thus , insofar as practicable, the 
Wholesale Census embraces all establishments in the continental United States 
which were engaged in 1935 primarily in the purchase or sale of goods on a 
wholesale basis. In addition to wholesalers of the conventional type, the 
census covers limited-function wholesalers, such as drop shippers and wagon 
distributors, and the whole range of organizations engaged primarily in the 
buying and/or selling of merchandise, including brokers, commission merchants, 
manufacturers' sales branches, selling agents, bulk tank stations, assem.blers 
and country buyers of farm products, etc. Generally, the Wholesale Census 
covers practically all merchandising establishments whose primary function 
is to buy or sell goods at wholesale. 

WHAT THE WHOLESALE CENSUS DOES NOT INCLUDE. --From this census are ex- 
cluded all data on wholesale peddlers and others who maintain no definite 
places of business, since the enumeration was based on establishments 
consisting of physical business units. Likewise, data are excluded on 
establishments engaged purely in the performance of services not immedi- 
ately related to the purchase or sale of farm, mineral, forest, fishing, 
or manufactured products, as exemplified by advertising agencies, cotton 
gins, brokers in real estate and securities, and those middlemen operating 
on the commodity exchanges whose dealings were chiefly in options. For 
emphasis it may also be reiterated that the census does not include wholesale 
sales made by manufacturers directly from their plants or such sales made 
by agricultural producers. Only when separate places of business were 
maintained by such producers or processors were they included in the canvass. 
Chain store warehouses are excluded from the 1955 wholesale figures, but are 
included in a separate report on retail chains and are summarized in the 
Appendix hereto. 



FLOW OF MANUFACTURED GOODS INTO WHOLESALE CHANNELS 

While no quantitative measure of all of the sources of merchandise 
of wholesale establishments is available--as data are lacking on the first 
steps in the distribution of products from farms, nurseries, mines, quarries 
and oil wells, or by fishermen, hunters, trappers, producers of natural gas, 
etc. --the Business Census has published data on distribution of goods by 
manufacturers direct from their plants*. In conjunction with the Census 
of Manufactures, each manufacturer was requested to classify his sales 
according to the various channels of distribution. Goods purchased and 
resold without processing were to be included, as well as products of the 
plant. 



Separate report of the Census of Business entitled, "Distribution of Manufacturers Sales." 



Vol. I - Page 6 



Sales as analyzed by channels of distribution for 154,392 plants representing 
all industries, ai'e shown by that report as follows: 



Net sales Percent 

Primary channels of distribution 1935 of 

(add 000) total 

Total_^_all_sales_bY_manufacturers M3j.801_^2l4 100^ 

To own wholesale branches 7,499,535 17.1 

To indasti'ial and other lar'ge usei's 10,742,251 24.5 

To wholesalers and jobbers 10,134,396 23.2 

To own retail stores 629,139 1.5 

To retailers, including chains 8,412,051 19.2 

To household consumers 795,488 1.8 

Transfers to other plants in own organizations 4,350,795 9.9 
Sales not distributed thr-ough usual channels or 

not allocated 1,237,559 2.8 



Of the above sales, $3,937,716,000 was negotiated through agents and 
other functional middlemen. 

Manufacturers' own wholesale branches are considered as wholesale 
establishments and their sales are included in the Wholesale Census. These 
outlets are classified in the Wholesale Census as manufacturers' sales branches 
if they carry stocks, or manufacturers' sales offices if they do not carry 
stocks; and in the petroleum industry, for the most part, as bulk tank stations. 

Sales "to wholesalers and jobbers" as shown in the tabulation above, 
represent sales to full-service and limited-function wholesalers. Direct 
comparisons between sales by manufacturers to wholesalers and sales by 
wholesalers are qualified by the fact that the classifications necessarily 
differ. Also, wholesalers and jobbers purchase substantial amounts from 
manufacturers' branches and some goods of foreign make as well as direct 
from domestic plants. Nor do all goods handled by wholesalers come from 
manufacturers, as previously stated. 



Sales negotiated through agents and brokers are included in the Wholesale 
Census where such agents have definitely recognizable places of business. 

Direct sales from plants to industrial users and to retailers, including 
Manufacturers' own retail stores, are omitted from the Wholesale Census as 
the goods are not marketed through wholesale establishments. In the 
broader aspect this business as well as sales by retailers to other retailers 
(Table 11) might be considered as wholesale sales: but as the Census was taken 
on the basis of establishments, each of which is classified in one Census 
division only, they logically fell into other Census fields. 



Vol. 1 - Page 7 



CHAPTER II 
ANALYSIS OF WHOLESALE CENSUS DATA 



Unlike most surveys and sample studies in the field of wholesaling, the 
census data represent complete coverage and are of a much wider scope. Survey 
statistics are necessarily confined to a limited part of the universe 
studied, whereas census data cover the entire field. In a survey or sample study, 
relatively few items are generally covered. In the Wholesale Census, on the 
other hand, are included data not only on the number of establishments and 
sales but also on many other phases of wholesaling. The statistics derived 
from the census are basic and fundamental, providing a dependable base for 
the projection of current data of a more limited nature. 

In this chapter a brief analysis of the data is given, including a general 
summary of the more salient facts of wholesaling and a treatment of specific 
phases of the subject. The analysis as given here is in part an abridgment of 
the texts found in the various subject volumes of this series as follows: 
Wholesale trade by States and cities is treated in Volumes II and III; employ- 
ment and pay roll are analyzed in Volume V; business-size groups and operating 
expenses are considered in Volume VI; credit sales and sales by classes of 
customers are discussed in Volume VII; and in Volume VIII, sales of wholesale 
establishments are analyzed by commodities or lines of merchandise. 

GENERAL SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE. --The Census of Wholesale Distribution, 
taken as part of the Census of Business in 1936, covers operations for the year 
1935 and is based upon reports submitted for 176,756 wholesale establishments as 
defined in Chapter IV. These establishments reported a volume of business during 
the year, hereinafter referred to as net sales, amounting to $42,802,913,000, which 
includes sales to household consumers, to industrial users, to other wholesalers, 
and export sales to buyers in foreign countries, as well as sales to retailers. 
As shown in Table 7, sales to retailers constitute only 45.4 percent of the total, 
based upon a representative sample. 

The 176,756 establishments required an average of 1,277,717 paid employees, 
full-time and part-time combined. As compensation for their services during 1935, 
employees engaged by wholesale establishments received $2,049,483,000 in salaries, 
wages, commissions and bonuses. There were also 97,225 active proprietors and 
firm members of unincorporated businesses who are not included in the count of 
employees nor is their compensation included in the pay roll figure. 

Operating expenses (including pay roll) for the year '1935 amounted to 
$4,163,480,000. Total expenses as reported by wholesale establishments 
(not including the cost of merchandise, interest and amortization on invest- 
ments, salaries of proprietors and firm members nor net profit) amounted to 
9.7 percent of the volume of business. The inventory value of merchandise 
on hand at cost value as of the end of the year amounted to $3,106,609,000, 
the equivalent of 7.3 percent of the net sales for the year. This amount 
includes merchandise not owned but held on consignment valued at $124,872,000, 
or 4 percent of the total. 



Vol. I ■ Page 8 



As compared with 1933, the number of establishments in 1935 was 8 
percent more and the dollar volume of business 43 percent higher. For 
the same period pay roll gained 24 percent as compared with an 8 percent 
increase in the average number of employees, with the result that the 
average annual earnings per employee (full-time and part-time combined) 
increased from $1,397 to $1,604. A part of the increase in earnings is 
accounted for by the transfer of employees from a part-time to a full- 
time basis, as indicated by a 25 percent increase in payments to persons 
engaged full-time in contrast to a 22 percent decrease in part-time pay 
roll. Stocks on hand gained only 7 percent, due in part to an abnormal 
stock condition in many lines at the end of 1933. 

TABLE A.- -COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

1935 AND 1933 







Percent 




1935* 


Gain 
over 
193^5 




176,756 


8 


$42 


,802,913,000 


43 


14 


,163,480,000 


16 




1,277,717 


8 




97,225 


3 


$2 


,049,483,000 


24 


$2, 


,003,246,000 


25 




$46,237,000 


-22 


$3. 


,106,609,000 


7 



1933 



Establishments 

Net sales 

Expenses 

Employees 

Active proprietors 

Pay roll - total 

Full-time 

Part-time 
Stocks, end of year 



163,583 

$30,009,590,000 

$3,580,368,000 

1,187,688 

94,483 

$1,659,487,000 

$1,600,525,000 

$58,962,000 

$2,901,901,000 



(For comparison purposes the 1933 figures have been adjusted to the scope 
of the 1935 census.) 



* Summary comparisons with 1933 are complicated by the rapidly increasing number of bulk tank stations 
operated on a commission basis. The commission paid the operator compensates for indeterminate amounts of 
overhead and operating costs, as well as pay roll of employees hired by him, and for his personal services. 
Inasmuch as it has been impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll data for commission stations in 
comparable form, direct comparison with 1933 has necessitated the inclusion of estimates. These estimates 
were prepared, by States, on the basis of information available for non- commission stations (those operated 
on a salary basis) and are included only in the comparison tables, which vary from the other tables of 
this volume by the amounts of the estimates. 

The extent of the estimates included above are as follows: Employees, 17,164; total pay roll, $27,221,000; 
full-time pay roll, $26,909,000; and part-lime pay roll, $312,000. 

Data for auxiliary units of wholesale organizations, not included above, are presented in Table lOA herein. 



Vol. I - Page 9 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF WHOLESALE TRADE 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. --Examination of Table B (page 10) discloses 
that, geographically, wholesale trade is highly concentrated. Data are 
shown in this table for each of the 9 geographic divisions of the country, 
as well as for the various States. Since wholesale trade is not usually 
confined within State boundaries, statistics by geographic divisions are 
of importance in measuring market potentialities of the different parts 
of the country. 

The Middle Atlantic division comprising the States of New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania accounted for one-third (33.4%) of the total vol- 
ume of wholesale trade in 1935. Next in importance was the East North- 
Central division consisting of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and 
Wisconsin with 20.3 percent of the total, followed by the West North- 
Central States which accounted for an additional 11.2 percent. Consider 
together, establishments located in these three divisions accounted for 
64.9 percent of the wholesale trade of the country. 

Recovery since 1933 has been general throughout the country as shown 
by Chart I, with some sections coming back more rapidly than others. The 
largest percentage gain (65.0) is shown for the East South-Central States, 
comprised of Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee, which also suf- 
fered the largest decline in sales between 1929 and 1933. The next larg- 
est gain occurred in the Mountain States, 55.9 percent, followed by the 
East North-Central division with a gain of 50.5 percent. In contrast, the 
New England division, which showed a relatively smaller decline between 
1929 and 1933, shows the smallest percentage gain (35.4) between 1933 and 
1935. The next smaller gain was the West North-Central group, consisting 
of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South 
Dakota, with 36.5 percent. The latter ratio was no doubt influenced some- 
what by serious drought conditions in 1934. 

WHOLESALE TRADE BY STATES. --One-fourth (25 3%) of the total volume of 
wholesale trade in 1935 was reported by establishments located in the State 
of New York, while an additional one-fourth was accounted for by the States 
of Illinois, California and Pennsylvania. Thus, four States contributed 
nearly one-half (47.9%) of the total volume of wholesale trade for the year 
1935. When the States of Ohio, Missouri, Massachusetts, Texas, Michigan 
and Minnesota are added, it is found that the leading ten States accounted 
for 70.7 percent of the total volume of business. Each of these States 
shows sales in excess of one billion dollars for the year 1935. 

When compared with 1933 (see Table B), the largest improvement in 
sales is found in the State of Tennessee, followed in order by Utah, Delaware, 
Oregon, Arizona, Michigan, District of Columbia, Indiana, Montana, New Mex- 
ico and Idaho, each of which shows a gain of 60 percent or more. Five addi- 
tional States, Florida, South Carolina, Virginia, Arkansas and Nevada, show 
increases of more than 50 percent. 



Vol. I - Page 10 



CHART 1 



PERCENT GAIN IN WHOLESALE SALES: 1933-1935 



Division 



U. S. Total 



New England 



Middle Atlantic 



East North 
Central 



West North 
Central 



South Atlantic 



East South 
Central 



West South 
Central 



Mountain 



Pacifi 



10 



Per cent gain 



20 
-J— 



30 



40 
I 



50 
_1_ 



60 



70 









BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



















Vol. 


I - Page- 1 1 


CENSUS OF 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


: 1935 








BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE B.-COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF ESTABLISHMENTS, SALES, 








EMPLOYEES AND PAY ROLL, 1935 AND 1933, 


BY STATES. 






DIVISION AND STATE 


Number ot 
establishments 


Net 

Sales 
(add 000) 


Employees ( hill- 

time and part time). 

Average for year. 


Total 

pay roll 

(add 000) 


1935 


1933 


1935 


1933 


Herc;enl 
gain 


1/ 1935 


1933 


1/ 1935 


1933 


UNITED STATUS 
NSW ENGLAND 
Connectleut 


176,756 


163,583 


142,802,913 


130,009,590 


42.6 


1,277,717 


1.187,688 


$2,049,483 


♦1,659,487 


9,580 


8,592 


2.528,497 


1.867.712 


35.4 


82.271 


74,454 


135,916 


113,526 


1,481 


1,396 


306,078 


225,724 


35.6 


12,818 


12,118 


20,498 


17,559 


Ualae 


970 


860 


127,840 


98,462 


29.8 


6,430 


5,957 


8,655 


7,675 


Uassaohuaatts 


5.739 


5,125 


1,806,346 


1,334,893 


35.3 


52,110 


46,630 


90,444 


74,930 


New HanpsMn 


363 


334 


54,069 


38,074 


42.0 


2,261 


2,244 


:',201 


2,895 


Rhode Island 


583 


577 


180,597 


128,808 


40.2 


6,339 


5,352 


9,953 


7,717 


Vermont 


344 


300 


53,567 


41,751 


28.3 


2,313 


2,153 


3,165 


2,750 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
New Jersey 


40,392 


34.170 


14.296.523 


10.364.095 


37.9 


352.650 


301,563 


664.547 


508,070 


3,025 


2,582 


708,645 


492,270 


44.0 


26,560 


24,196 


43,521 


35,420 


New York 


26,915 


21,825 


10,345,966 


7,855,469 


38.1 


243,709 


199,067 


488,157 


360,628 


PennsylTania 


10,452 


9,663 


2,741,012 


2,015,356 


36.0 


82,391 


78,300 


132,869 


112,022 


SA3T NORTH CENTRAL 
Illinois 


35,638 


34.442 


8,709,015 


5.785,417 


50.5 


265,150 


242,322 


432.053 


345,139 


12,009 


11,898 


3,937,609 


2,715,156 


♦5.0 


105,047 


94,826 


183,574 


146,420 


Indiana 


4,333 


4,229 


654,917 


396,107 


65.3 


23,577 


20,781 


33,211 


25,754 


Michigan 


6,065 


5,791 


1,410,767 


827,255 


70.5 


42,504 


37,638 


67,347 


51,049 


Ohio 


9,086 


8,386 


2,028,552 


1,367,382 


48.4 


68,709 


54,450 


110,030 


89,620 


Wisconsin 


4,145 


4,238 


677,170 


479,916 


41.2 


25,213 


24,625 


37,391 


32,396 


WEST NORTH CAJTRAL 
Iowa 


29,526 


29,115 


4.786.928 


3.506.267 


36.5 


146.021 


144,397 


211,597 


183.877 


5,063 


5,250 


627,795 


451,730 


39.0 


20,043 


22,142 


26,004 


25,324 


Kansas 


4,621 


5,003 


398,387 


292,279 


S6.3 


13,087 


14,561 


16,720 


16,431 


Minnesota 


5,695 


5,178 


1,188,413 


853,915 


39.2 


32,332 


31,336 


49,988 


41,992 


Mlsaovirl 


6,691 


6,085 


1,811,544 


1,354,198 


33.8 


56,936 


52,260 


88,394 


71,797 


Nebraska 


3,122 


3,409 


527,719 


387,601 


36.2 


13,948 


14,544 


18,253 


17,195 


North Dakota 


2,435 


2,435 


133,808 


93,280 


43.4 


5,067 


4,852 


5,639 


5,815 


South Dakota 


1,899 


1,756 


99,262 


73,264 


35.5 


4,508 


4,502 


5,699 


5,322 


SOUTH ATLAi.-TIC 
Delaware 


15.367 


14,eC7 


3.406.153 


2.338.443 


45.7 


120.167 


116.631 


159,625 


129.357 


262 


259 


106,300 


59,182 


79.6 


1,917 


1,700 


3,201 


2,357 


District of Columbia 


629 


568 


242,729 


144,119 


68.4 


8,274 


6,886 


13,819 


10,042 


Florlla 


2,239 


2,041 


399,290 


253,211 


51.7 


19,011 


20,635 


22,564 


18,920 


Georgia 


2,667 


2,259 


605,272 


409,362 


47.9 


19,346 


15,337 


26,995 


20,431 


Maryland 


2,315 


2,224 


495,017 


386,450 


28.4 


19,266 


18,906 


25,585 


21,529 


North CarollOB 


2,458 


2,355 


555,396 


393,370 


41.2 


17,576 


17,356 


21,687 


17,782 


South Carollaa 


1,422 


1,242 


267,122 


172,062 


55.2 


6,529 


5,591 


8,202 


6,393 


Virginia 


2,123 


2,370 


502,951 


325,155 


54.7 


19,180 


20,550 


24,216 


21,075 


West Virginia 


1,251 


1,178 


231,076 


185,532 


24.5 


8,959 


8,250 


13,356 


11,328 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 
Alabama 


7.594 


6,806 


1.609.657 


975.830 


65.0 


53.513 


50,168 


68,569 


54,773 


1,658 


1,601 


304,549 


203,657 


49.5 


11,293 


10,547 


15,212 


12,481 


Kentucky 


2,057 


2,001 


379,597 


255,250 


48.7 


16,009 


15,820 


18,402 


16,172 


iUsslsslppi 


1,243 


1,244 


179,902 


142,548 


26.2 


5,750 


6,032 


7,010 


5,227 


Tennessee 


2,626 


1,960 


745,609 


374,365 


99.2 


20,461 


17,769 


27,945 


19,893 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
Arkansas 


15,056 


15,053 


2.695.574 


1.919.042 


40.5 


84.557 


84.155 


113.638 


100.777 


1,504 


1,292 


180,309 


117,729 


53.3 


6,791 


6,842 


8,420 


7,603 


Louisiana 


2,131 


2,094 


580,250 


449,211 


29.2 


17,925 


19,375 


24,557 


23,315 


Oklahoma 


3,668 


4,159 


404,455 


297,877 


35.8 


13,459 


14,333 


18,604 


17,253 


Texas 


7,753 


7,498 


1,531,540 


1,054,225 


45.3 


46,382 


43,605 


62,057 


52,605 


MOUNTAIN 
Arizona 


6,413 


5,368 


847.030 


543,240 


55.9 


29,869 


29,516 


43,226 


36,885 


541 


467 


78,046 


45,654 


71.0 


2,792 


2,903 


4,142 


3,556 


Colorado 


1,884 


1,814 


324,382 


232,374 


39.6 


10,283 


11,917 


15,345 


15,157 


Idaho 


954 


764 


82,195 


50,537 


62.6 


3,533 


3,053 


4,277 


3,249 


Montana 


1,254 


1,239 


121,641 


73,790 


64.8 


4,070 


3,764 


5,947 


4,852 


Nevada 


158 


139 


15,300 


9,763 


56.7 


713 


495 


1,172 


735 


New Mexico 


397 


447 


45,579 


27,730 


64.4 


1,691 


1,453 


2,415 


1,933 


Utah 


888 


549 


154,189 


34,275 


83.0 


5,832 


4,971 


8,588 


6,138 


Wyoming 


337 


349 


25,598 


19,117 


34.4 


955 


950 


1,340 


1,255 


PACIFIC 

California 


17,190 


15,030 


3,922,436 


2,709,544 


44.8 


143,509 


143.982 


220,212 


186,583 


12,342 


U,000 


2,975,253 


2,094,297 


42.1 


109,226 


110,590 


167,453 


143,075 


Oregon 


1,615 


1,326 


343,443 


196,445 


74.8 


11,423 


10,798 


17,826 


14,342 


Washington 


3,233 


2,704 


b03,740 


418,802 


44.2 


22,860 


22,594 


34,933 


29.166 



# Includes no coopensatloa for proprietors and flim mambars of unincorporated businesses. 1/ Includes the following ostitiutes 
for coonlaslon built t«* ttatlons: ttoployaas, 17,164 and total pay roll $27,221,000, 



Vol. I - Pio. 12 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
CHART II - NET SALES BY CITY-SIZE GROUPS EXPRESSED AS PERCENTS OF UNITED STATES TOTAL 




UNITED STATES TOTALS 



NET SALES 
$42,802,913,000 




NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS 
176,756 




::6.7X 



mrn^ 



40,2 « 



POPULATION 
122,775,046 




CITIES OVER 
500,000 POP. 



CITIES 100,000 
TO 500,000 POP 



CITIES 50,000 
%j TO 100,000 POP 



CmES 20,000 
TO 50,000 POP. 



CITIES UNDER 20,000 POP. 
AND RURAL AREAS 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Vol. I ■ Page 13 

WHOLESALE TRADE IN CITIES* 



There is an unusually high concentration of wholesale trade in a relative- 
ly few urtan centers, as is clearly shown in tabular form in Table 3 and 
graphically in Chart II. Slightly more than one-half (51.3%) of all 
wholesale business was transacted by establishments located in the 13 largest 
cities. When the 93 cities with more than 100,000 population are considered 
together, it is found that they accounted for three-fourths (75.2%) of all 
wholesale trade but less than one-half 47.9%) of the establishments. These 
cities accounted for only 29.6% percent of the population **. The 98 cities 
of 50,000 to 100,000 population show about the same percentage of establish- 
ments (5.2) and wholesale sales (4.9) as they do of population (5.3). 
Cities with less than 20,000 population and rural areas with well over one- 
half (58.0%) of the population accounted for only 40.2 percent of the estab- 
lishments and 14.5 percent of wholesale trade. 

TABLE C- -SUMMARY OF NUMBER OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS, 
NET SALES AND POPULATION BY CITY-SIZE GROUPS 

Wholesale Net sales Population 

City-size establishments 1935 ii930l 

group Percent Amount Percent Percent 

Number of total (add 000) of total Number of total 



ysited_States_Total iZ6.J56_100^0 S42^02_^913__100^0_122_^775^046__100^0 

Cities having a population of: 

More than 500,000 (13) 53,897 30.5 21,960,894 51.3 20,828,542 17.0 

100,000 to 500,000 (80) 30,735 17.4 10,228,139 23.9 15,497,194 12.6 

50,000 to 100,000 (98) 9,125 5.2 2,112,678 4.9 6,491,448 5.3 

20,000 to 50,000 (277) 11,930 6.7 2,296,800 5.4 8,694,312 7.1 
Less than 20,000 and 

^^}i^1j£s^^ JhJl^ ^°-2 6,204,402 14.5 71,263,550 58.0 



Although wholesale trade is concentrated in the larger cities, the correlation 
of total sales and population is not perfect, New York City and Chicago rank first 
and second in both wholesale trade and population, but Boston, which is third as 
a wholesale center is ninth in population. San Francisco, which is eleventh in 
population, ranks fifth in wholesale trade. On the other hand, a number of 
cities rank lower in wholesale sales than in population. 



In the Wholesale Census, data aie tabulated according to the location of the establishment from which the 
business is conducted. The sales of a New York house, for example, having no branches but selling over a 
500 mile radius, are all included in the figures for that city. In the case of a multi-unit organization, a 
separate report was secured for each establishment and the data tabulated accordingly. 

** Population figures for all cities are based on the 1930 Population Census. 



Vol. I - Page 14 




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Vol. I - Page 16 



MINOR SHIFTS BETWEEN CITY-SIZE GROUPS .--Cities of more than 500.000 
population accounted for 51 percent of total wholesale sales in 1935 as 
compared with 52 percent in 1933. The percentage for cities of 100,000 
to 500,000 increased from 22 to 24, while the proportion accounted for 
by cities with less than 100,000 population and rural areas dropped one 
point, from 26 percent to 25 percent. These ratios indicate, as shown 
graphically in Chart II, that the 13 largest cities contribute slightly 
more than one-half of the total trade of the country, while the other 
half is divided about equally between cities of 100,000 to 500,000 
population and smaller cities and rural areas. They also indicate very 
little change as between city-size groups in the period between 1933 
and 1935. 

TABLL E.- -SUMMARY OF SALES FOR CITIES OF MORE THAN 100,000 POPULATION 



Net_sales 

1935 1933 



City-size group Amount Percent Amount Percent 

[add O00)__of_total ia^l_000|__of_total 

United_States_Total S42_^802_^913 100 .$30_^009_^590 100 

Cities with a population of: 

More than 500,000 

100,000 to 500,000 

Less than 100,000 and 
rural areas 

(Figures for 1933 are adjusted to the scope of the 1935 Census] 



21,960,894 


51 


15,691,075 


52 


10,228,139 


24 


6,686,616 


22 


10,613,880 


25 


7,631,899 


26 



WHOLESALE TRADE BY TYPES OF OPERATION 



For specific applications to business problems, all wholesale estab- 
lishments have been divided into six groups, according to the type of oper- 
ation or nature of functions performed. Four of these groups have been 
further subdivided. Each of the types of operation for which data are 
presented in the various tables is defined in Chapter III. Data on the 
number of establishments, net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and 
stocks are presented for each type in Table 1 of this volume. 

Of the total number of wholesale establishments in the United States, 51 
percent were of the full-service or limited-function wholesaler type; 7 per- 
cent represented manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks); 2 percent, 
manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks); 15 percent, bulk tank stations; 
10 percent, agents and brokers, while assemblers constituted 15 percent of 
the total. Total volume of wholesale business was distributed as follows: 
Full-service and limited-function wholesalers, 41 percent; manufacturers' sales 
branches, 17 percent; manufacturers' sales offices, 9 percent; bulk tank 
stations, 6 percent; agents and brokers, 21 percent; and assemblers, 6 percent. 



VoU 1 • P*g« 17 



When compared with 1933 the largest increase in volume of business 
is shown for manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks), 55 percent, 
followed in order by bulk tank stations, 51 percent; manufacturers' 
sales branches (with stocks), 50 percent; agents and brokers, 42 percent; 
and assemblers, 40 percent. Full-service and limited-function wholesalers 
show a gain of 6.9 percent in number of establishments and 37 percent 
in sales. 

TABLE F.— COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE BY TYPES OF OPERATION 







. 




Net 


sales 






Type of operation 


Number or 
establishments 


1935 


1933 




Percent 
change 








Amount 


% of 


Amount 


% of 


1933 to 




1935 


1933 


(add 000) 


total 


(add 000) 


total 


1935 


Total 


176,756 


163,583 


142,802,913 


100 


$30,009,590 


100 


+4;'i 


Full-service and limited- 
















function wholesalers 


88,931 


82,820 


17,661,691 


41 


12.890,763 


43 


+37 


Manufacturers' sales 
















branches (with stocks) 


11,634 


12,409 


7,446,014 


17 


4,965,450 


16 


+50 


Manufacturers' sales 
















offices (without stocks) 


4,196 


4,415 


3,620,074 


9 


2,328,606 


8 


+55 


Bulk tank stations 


27,333 


26,174 


2,704,047 


6 


1,785,513 


6 


+51 


Agents and brokers 


18,147 


13,806 


8,908,076 


21 


6,283,097 


21 


+42 


Assemblers 


26,515 


23,959 


2,463,011 


6 


1,756,161 


6 


+40 



'' The most important single type of operation (see Table l,page 74) is 
thb vyholesale merchant of the conventional type who accounted for 77,700 
establishments or 44 percent of the total number and did a volume of bus- 
iness aggregating $14,372,164,000 or 33.6 percent of the total for all 
types combined. Of all full-service and limited-function wholesalers , they 
constituted 87.4 percent of the number of establishments and did 81.4 percent 
of the business, which means that of all wholesalers who take title to the goods 
and are largely independent in ownership, the service wholesaler, designated 
as wholesale merchant, predominates heavily. 

Second in importance from the standpoint of net sales were manufacturers' 
sales branches (with stocks) with 11,634 establishments reporting sales of 
$7,446,014,000 or 17.4 percent of the total. Following manufacturers' sales 
branches came manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks), brokers, com- 
mission merchants, chain-operated bulk tank stations, selling agents and 
importers in the order named. Each of these types shows sales in excess of 
one billion dollars for the year. 



From the standpoint of number of establishments, chain-operated bulk 
tank stations are second to wholesale merchants, followed in order by manu- 
facturers' sales branches (with stocks) and country buyers of farm products, 
each type accounting for more than 10,000 places of business. 



Vol. I - Page 18 



Foreign trade in the United States was represented by 2,241 importers 
with a volume of business amounting to $1,068,234,000; 513 exporters with 
sales of 1571,490,000; 496 export agents with sales of $276,506,000; and 
335 import agents with sales of $212,573,000. The figures on foreign 
trade presented herein by no means represent the entire volume of 
foreign trade during 1935, as the Census was based upon establishments and 
did not cover exports or imports made directly by manufacturers and other 
producers, nor does the Census cover, separately, the volume of import 
business of wholesale establishments which did not specialize in foreign 
trade. Export sales of all wholesale establishments including exporters 
and export agents ai-e shown in Table 7. 

The data by types of operation, as shown in Table 1, indicate the 
relative importance of each type and the variation in employment, total 
expenses and other items as affected by methods of operation. 



WHOLESALE TRADE BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 



In addition to being classified according to functional type, each 
establishment was also classified by kind of business, on the basis of 
the chief line or lines of merchandise which it sold or its trade 
designation. Following this basis of classification, wholesale estab- 
lishments were divided into 29 major kind-of-business groups which were 
further subdivided into 142 detailed kinds of business as described in 
Chapter III. In presenting the information on wholesale trade, the data 
are analyzed first by types of operation and then for each type or type- 
group, by kinds of business. In general, data for the major type groups 
are not combined to obtain totals by kinds of business. Exceptions 
to this rule are found in Table 2 (Volume V) and Table 12B (Volume III). 

In Table 1 of this volume the number of establishments, net sales 
operating expenses, personnel and pay roll for each of the types of 
operation are presented in summary for the United States by kinds of 
business. For geographic divisions. States and cities it has been 
necessary to limit the kind-of-business information to functional type 
groups. 

Data presented by type and by kind permit a clear understanding of 
the various types of operation in a given kind of business, their relative 
importance from the standpoint of sales, their expenses of doing business, 
their wholesale service policies, etc. They also enable a wholesaler in 
a given line of business to compare his accomplishments with other whole- 
salers operating in a similar fashion. 



Vol. I - Page 19 



Of the various types into which wholesale establishments are classified 
(see Table 1), wholesale merchants alone are found in all kinds of business. 
Importers, manufacturers' sales branches and manufacturers' sales offices 
are found in 23 of the kind-of-business groups, followed by selling agents 
in 22 and manufacturers' agents in 21. In contrast, the following types are 
found in only one or at most a few trades: Voluntary-group wholesalers, con- 
verters, industrial distributors, retailer-cooperative warehouses, cash-and- 
carry wholesalers, bulk tank stations, auction companies and the entire 
assembler group. 

The use of Table 1 to those interested in a given kind of business is 
illustrated in the accompanying Table G. Here the data are assembled for 
the various types of operation selling a full line of groceries. For this 
trade wholesale merchants predominate heavily from the standpoint of net sales 
where their volume was many times that of any other single type and 823 times 
l^hat of all other types combined. Some of the newer types of operation, how- 
ever, show much lower costs per dollar of sales. Operating expenses for whole- 
sale merchants were 9.2 percent as compared with 4.9 percent for cash-and-carry 
wholesalers and 5 percent for retailer-cooperative warehouses. In evaluating 
the expense ratios, however, it should be remembered that the different types 
perform the functions of wholesaling in varying degrees. Wholesale merchants, 
as a rule, warehouse a more or less complete line of groceries which they sell 
on a credit basis and deliver to the customer's place of business. They are 
properly termed full-serv ice wholesalers. Some of the newer types on the 
other hand have eliminated one or more of the functions of wholesaling by 
shifting them and their corresponding expenses to some other agency or step 
in distribution. 

TABLE G.- -SUMMARY OF FULL-LINE GROCERY TRADE, BY TYPES OF OPERATION 





Number 






Operating 


Employees 






of 




Net 


expenses 


(full-time 


Total 


Type of operation 


estab- 




sales 




Percent 


and part- 


pay roll 




lish- 






Amount 


to 


time) . Avg. 






ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


sales 


for year 


(add 000 : 


Wholesale merchants 


3,210 


$1 


,707,024 


$157,820 


9.2 


50,517 


$89,012 


Voluntary-group wholesalers 


112 




87,298 


8,019 


9.2 


2,878 


4,628 


Importers 


33 




4,582 


220 


4.8 


70 


116 


Cash-and-carry wholesalers 


378 




50,605 


2,471 


4.9 


12,089 


1,327 


Retailer- cooperative 
















warehouses 


95 




103,590 


5,167 


5.0 


1,971 


2,955 


Wagon distributors 


4 




382 


36 


9.4 


29 


23 


Brokers 


13 




6,701 


166 


2.5 


40 


77 


Other agents 


8 




4,864 


96 


2.0 


39 


58 



In most of the tables on wholesale trade, data are presented by kinds of 
business for each of the following 6 functional type-groups: Full-service and 
limited-function wholesalers, manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), 
manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks), bulk tank stations, agents and 
brokers, and assemblers. The importance of the various kinds of business of 
full-service and limited-function wholesalers is presented graphically in 
Chart III, 



Vol. I - P>ie 20 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



CHART 111 - NET SALES OF FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 



NET 0% 

SALES 
f>cM 000 



KINDS OF BUSINESS 



GROCF.RIES (FULL LINE; 



FARM PRODUCTS- 
CONSUMER GOODS 



GROCERIES AND FOODS 
SPECIALTY LINES: 



FARM PRODUCTS- 
RAW MATERIALS 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT 
AND SUPPLIES 



TOBACCO AND ITS PRODUCTS 
(EXCEPT LEAF! 



AUTOMOTIVE 780,42a 

DR-i '".OODS SPECIALTY LINES) 719,676 

BEER, WINES AND LIQUORS 698,511 

CLOTHING AND FURNISHINGS 648.881 



PERCENT OF UNITED STATES TOTAL 
4% 6% »« 



10% 



ELECTRICAL GOODS 



LUMBER ^ND CONSTRUCTION 
MATERIALS 



576,542 



HARDWARE 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS 



WASTE MATERIALS 



COAL AND COKE 



GENERAL MERCHANDISE 



DRUGS (FULL LINE 



METALS AND METAL 
WORK (EXCEPT SCRAP) 



FARM SUPPLIES 



CHEMICALS AND PAINTS 



DRY GOODS (FULL LINE) 



FURNITURE AND HOUSE 
FURNISHINGS 



PLUMBING AND HEATING 
EQPT AND SPLS. 



JEWELRY AND OPTICAL 
GOODS 



PETROLEUM AND ITS 
PRODUCTS 



DRUGS AND DRUG SUNDRIES 
SPECIALTY LINES) 



AMUSEMENT AND SPORTING 
GOODS 



ALL OTHER PRODUCTS 




J 



UNITED STATES TOTAL 
$17,661,691,000 OR 100% 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



, 



Vol. I - Page 21 



SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WHOLESALE TRADE 



In the following pages of this chapter some special characteristics of 
wholesale trade are considered. Inasmuch as most of the subjects are treated 
in detail in other volumes of this series, only brief summaries are given here. 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 

Wholesale trade as a source of employment is depicted in Tables 2, 3A and 
3B. Table 2 measures the variation in employment in the various kinds of 
business by months. Table 3A shows for one week of 1935 the number and pay 
roll of employees (full-time and part-time separately) for selected types 
of operation. It permits a study of the relative importance of full-time and 
part-time employees in wholesale trade. Table 3B shows the number and pay 
roll of full-time employees by occupational groups for one week only. It 
provides the information for determining wage rates of the following classes 
of employees: Office and clerical, inside selling, outside selling, warehouse, 
and other employees. 



MONTHLY EMPLOYMENT 

The number of employees as shown in Table 2 and graphically in Chart 
IV ranged from a low of 1,253,240 in March to a high of 1,329,106 during 
October, with an average for the year of 1,277,717. In addition, there 
were actively engaged 97,225 proprietors and firm members of unincorporated 
businesses who are not counted as employees. Thus, wholesale trade pro- 
vided employment for an average of 1,374,942 persons. 

A study of the accompanying table reveals only a slight variation in the 
number of paid employees during the first seven months of the year, each 
showing a fraction over 98 percent of the annual average. The months from 
August to December, inclusive, show employment in excess of the average, with 
the high appearing in October. The gain from a low of 1,253,240 in March, 
however, to the high of 1,329,106 in October totals only 75,866 individuals 
or slightly less than 6 percent. For any two consecutive months October 
also shows the largest gain with 32,523 more employees than September. 
August is second in this respect with 18,336 more employees than July. On 
the other hand, the largest drop comes between October and November, a 
difference of 9,756 employees. In no case does the change between any 
two consecutive months exceed 2.5 percent. From these figures it is 
evident that, for the country as a whole, employment in wholesale trade is 
subject to little seasonal variation. 

COMEARISON WITH 1953. --Compared with 1933, the average number of 
employees engaged during 1935 was 8 percent greater. With some variation in 
the differences, each month of 1935 shows more employees than the correspond- 
ing month in 1933, the largest difference appearing for the month of March. 
In both years the low appears in March and the high in October. 



Vol. I - Page 22 



The 1935 figures more nearly approximate a normal seasonal variation in 
wholesale trade than do those for 1933. The rather pronounced rise from March 
to October of the earlier year may be credited, in part, to the Government's 
measures to increase employment. 

TABLE H.- -COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF THE NUMBER OF PAID EMPLOYEES 

BY MONTHS FOR 1935 AND 1933 

Number of employees 

(full-time and Percent of average 
Month £ailzi.i!S§_co!nbinedJ. 

1935* 1933 1935 1933 



Average for year 1.277,717 1^187_^688 100^0 lOO^Q 

January 1,255,983 1,131,034 98.3 95.2 

February 1,255,205 1,126,682 98.2 94.9 

March 1,253,240 1,117,587 98.1 94.1 

April 1,255,399 1,131,256 98.2 95.3 

May 1,254,799 1,145,155 98.2 96.4 

June 1,255,020 1,163,027 98.2 97.9 

July 1,261,360 1,175,116 98.7 98.9 

August 1,279,696 1,207,384 100.2 101.7 

September 1,296,583 1,249,878 101.5 105.2 

October 1.329,106 1,270,654 104.0 107.0 

November 1,319,350 1,269,970 103.3 106.9 

December 1,316,863 1,264,513 103.1 106.5 

(For comparison purposes the 1933 figures have been adjusted to the scope of 
the 1935 census. ) 



* As it was impracticable to obtain employment for commission bulk tank stations direct comparisons with 
1933 have necessitated the inclusion o( estimates in the 19.35 figures. These estimates were prepared on 
the basis of information available for non-commission stations (those operated on a salary basis) and are 
included only in the above comparative summary and in Chart IV, which vary from Table 2 by the amount 
of the estimates. The estimates are as follows: 

Average for the year 17j.l64 



January 


17,250 


May 


17,164 


September- 


17,181 


February 


17,181 


June 


17,147 


October 


17,181 


March 


17,113 


July 


17,216 


November 


17,095 


April 


17,147 


August 


17,198 


December 


17,095 



Vol I - Page 23 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



NUMBER OF 

EMPLOYEES 

(EXPRESSED IN 

THOUSANDS) 



CHART IV- COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT BY MONTHS, 1933 AND 1935 
ALL TYPES OF OPERATION COMBINED 



(Full'tiine and part-time employees combined) 



1,450 



1,400 I 



1,350 



1,300 



1.250 



1,200 



1,150 



1.100 



1,050 



1,000 



50 



t 
























1 








































y 


/^ 


-. 


— 








193 


5 EiTipl( 


jyment 




^ 




,-'-■ 


— jf-. 


-■ * 
















/ 


/ 














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3 Empl( 


>yment 


.y 


/ 










X*-. 


— »-• 


•*^'- 


-*-■ 


,*^ 
































































^ 


^ 






^ 


V 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 



























JAN FEB. MAR. APR, MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Vol. 1 - Page 24 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL FOR ONE WEEK 



In this census, information was obtained for the first time from the 
various wholesale establishments on employment and pay roll by occupations for 
a representative week. Each establishment was asked to report the actual 
employment and pay roll for the week ending October 26, 1935, or in the 
case of a highly seasonal business, for a week of normal employment dur- 
ing the busy season. The respondent was further requested to classify the 
employees for the week as executives and salaried corporation officers, 
office and clerical, inside selling, outside selling, warehouse and other 
employees and to report, for full-time and part-time separately, the number 
and pay roll . 

The classification of employees according to the different occupation- 
al groups was not always clear-cut or absolute. Many workers perform a 
variety of functions. An employee in a small wholesale house may be book- 
keeper, telephone salesman and warehouseman. However, it was necessary to 
classify him in only one group based upon the function which demanded the 
major portion of his time. While, with minor exceptions, all wholesale es- 
tablishments were able to supply employment figures for the week as a whole, 
somewhat less than the total number classified their employees by occupation- 
al groups. Establishments reporting a total for the week and those which 
were able to provide the information by functional classes are shown separate- 
ly in Table 3A . To provide more reliable information on average weekly wage 
rates, the data are presented by types of operation. Only the full-time 
employees are analyzed by occupational groups (Table 3B). Average weekly 
wages for part-time employees would have little significance, as the length 
of time that they were employed is not available. 

EULLzTIME EMPLOYEES PREDOMINATE. --Of the 88,931 full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers in the United States in 1935, 79,510 reported paid em- 
ployees in addition to proprietors and partners or non-salaried members of 
their families. These 79.510 establishments employed 806.307 persons for a 
representative week, 749,829 (or 93 percent) of whom were engaged on a full- 
time basis. Further evidence of the predominance of full time employment 
is found in the fact that for this type of wholesale establishment full-time 
pay roll accounted for 97.3 percent of the total for the week. Part-time 
employees represented 7 percent of the number and received only 2.7 percent 
of the total pay roll. 

Less than 3 percent of the employees of manufacturers" sales branches 
were engaged on a part-time basis, while for manufacturers' sales offices, 
the number was less than 2 percent of the total. In the case of bulk tank 
stations, part-time employees accounted for 4 percent of the paid personnel. 



Vol. 1 ■ Page 25 



It is interesting to note that only 13,784 of the 18,147 agent and 
brokerage establishments reported paid personnel for a representative 
week. These establishments frequently consist of offices in the central 
districts of the more populous centers and in most cases, as is shown in 
Table 9, are operated by sole proprietors or partners. In many cases, 
the proprietors or partners constitute the only personnel. The 13,784 
places of business employed 82,807 persons, of whom 15.8 percent were 
engaged on a part-time basis. 



TABLE 1.-- SUMMARY OF EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL BY TYPES OF OPERATION 



Total Establishments reporting 

number employees for a representative wee k 

Type of operation of Number of Full-time Part-time 

estab- estab- employees em ploy ees 

lish- lish- 

menis ments Number Pay_roll Number Pay roll 

Full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers 88,931 79,510 749,829 $22,931,383 56,478 |630,505 
Manufacturers' sales 

branches (with stocks) 11,634 11,608 213,037 8,011,250 5,708 80,980 
Manufacturers' sales 

offices (without stocks) 4,196 4,168 43,164 2,059,944 692 16,154 
Bulk tank stations 

(Petroleum) 1/ 20,897 20,178 88,735 2,903,887 3,840 49,509 

Agents and brokers 18,147 13,784 69,723 2,637,524 13,084 140,161 



1/ Does not include commission stations. 



OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS-FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS .- - 
Of the 678,064 full-time employees of full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers which were reported by occupational groups, 57,626, or 8.5 per- 
cent were executives and salaried corporation officers; 151,418, or 22.3 
percent, office and clerical employees; 59,898, or 8.8 percent, inside 
selling employees; 134,305, or 19.8 percent, outside selling employees; 
133,139, or 19.7 percent, warehouse employees; while 141,678, or 20.9 per- 
cent were classified as "Other employees". 

The highest paid employees were the executives and salaried corporation 
officers at $78.69 per week, followed in order by outside salesmen at $38.52 
house salesmen at $27.90, office and clerical employees at $24.67, while 
warehousemen and other employees averaged a little less than $21.00 per week. 



Vol. I -Page 26 



TABLE J.--NUMBER OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES OF FULL-SERVICE 
AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS, BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 



Occupational group 



United States Total 

Not analyzed by groups 

Analyzed by groups 

Executives and salaried 

corporation officers 
Office and clerical employees 
Inside selling employees 
Outside selling employees 
Warehouse employees 
Other employees 



Employees PaY_roll_f or_one_week 

% of % of 

Number total Amount total 



Average 
wage per 
employee 



749^829 




S22_^931^383 




230^58 


71,765 




2,100,768 




29 . 27 


678^064 


IQQ^O 


20^30_^6i5 


100.0 


30/72 


57,626 


8.5 


4,534,570 


21.8 


78.69 


151,418 


22.3 


3,735,262 


17.9 


24.67 


59,898 


8.8 


1,671,038 


8.0 


27.90 


134,305 


19.8 


5,172,984 


24.8 


38.52 


133,139 


19.7 


2,789,346 


13.4 


20.95 


141,678 


20.9 


2,927,415 


14.1 


20.66 



MGE RATES BY STATES. --For convenience in comparing wage rates by States 
and geographic divisions. Table K is given. In this table are presented the 
average weekly wages of office and clerical, inside selling, outside selling, 
warehouse and other employees of full-service and limited-function wholesalers 
for each State. 

In evaluating the rates, some consideration should be given to differ- 
ences in the kinds of business which compose the wholesale trade of the 
various States. Some kinds of business require more technical and highly 
trained employees than others and their presence or absence affects the 
totals. Likewise, the presence of large cities tends to increase the weekly 
wage rates. 



EMPLOYMENT BY SEX. --Each wholesale establishment was asked to report 
the number of paid employees for the representative week by sex. As would 
be expected, the number of men predominates heavily. Of the total of 
1,374,565 reported for the week, 18.6 percent, or less than one out of 
five, are women. The ratio of the number of women to the total varies 
with the kind of business from a low of 5.7 percent for petroleum 
and its products to 43.6 percent for drugs and drug sundries (specialty 
lines). The number of women accounts for more than 25 percent of the 
total for each of the following trades: Amusement and sporting goods; 
clothing and furnishings; drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); dry 
goods (specialty lines); general merchandise; and jewelry and optical 
goods. 



Vol 1 - Page 27 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

CHART V - EMPLOYEES AND PAY ROLL BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 
FOR FULL-SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

(Figure* are (or week ending October 26, 1935, or other representative week.) 



NUMBER OF 
EMPLOYEES 

(Full-time only) 
678,064 



PAY ROLL 
FOR WEEK 

(Full-time only) 
$20,830,615 







Ofj,^ 



^^e^ 
^^^^Q 



''°^:^'c,. 






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'<?%% 














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'/. i V. 



:i;: 13.4% I'Vo^: 



^&%^ 



14.1* 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



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Vol. I - Page 29 



TABLE L- -RATIO OF WOMEN TO TOTAL EMPLOYEES 
BY KIND-OF-BUSINESS GROUPS 



Kinds of business 



Total 



Total 

number 

of 

employees 



1,374,565* 



Percent 
women 



18.6 



Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal and coke 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm products-raw materials 

Farm products-consumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 

General merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Metals and metal work (except scrap) 

Paper and its products 

Petroleum and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 

Waste materials 

All other 



19,816 


35.2 


77,415 


13.7 


41,627 


13.1 


26,290 


20.9 


40,558 


29.9 


14,020 


16.3 


15,396 


23.9 


16,785 


43.6 


14,838 


19.5 


35,988 


26.0 


42,209 


21.2 


98,250 


18.4 


170,392 


19.2 


18,208 


22.0 


19,047 


24.1 


10,523 


28.9 


69,062 


13.8 


163,320 


19.7 


32,948 


17.4 


15,079 


25.7 


41,482 


12.8 


116,726 


18.2 


25,556 


17.0 


32,491 


21.2 


98,443 


5.7 


26,053 


16.0 


19,955 


14.2 


32,236 


17.0 


39,852 


23.4 



Includes employees of assemblers but not of commission bulk tank stations. 

EMPLOYM ENT OF WOMEN, BY STATES** . --The ratio of women to the total number 
of employees varies considerably among the States. It was as low as 6.0 
percent, or one out of 16, in North Dakota and as high as 25.6 percent, or 
one out of four in the State of Washington. In the following States the 
number of women constitutes less than 10 percent: North Dakota, Arkansas, 
Arizona. Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming. On the other hand, they constitute 
more than 20 percent in the following six States: New York, North Carolina. 



Virginia, California, Oregon, and Washington. 



Figures are taken from text table on page 20 of Volume V. 



Vol. 1 - Page 30 



BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS* 

Table 4 (see page 102) presents data for wholesale merchants and indus- 
trial distributors combined, by size of establishment and kinds of business. 
It shows for each of the 142 kinds of business, by size groups, the number 
of establishments, net sales, operating expenses and the ratio of expenses 
to net sales. The relative importance of establishments in the various size 
groups is depicted in Charts VI. 

SALES OF LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS DOMINATE. --Of the 79,333 wholesale mer- 
chant and industrial distributor establishments in the United States, 2,367 
or 3.0 percent reported sales of $1,000,000 or over for the year 1935. The 
sales of these million- dollar establishments amounted to 15,490,696,000 or 
37.1 percent of the total. All establishments with sales in excess of 
$500,000 accounted for 55.7 percent of net sales but only 8.0 percent of the 
places of business. 

Reflecting the fact that the majority of the establishments are in the 
smaller size groups, 37,530 or 47.3 percent reported sales of less tnan 
$50,000 for the year. Over three-fifths (64.2%) of the establishments 
reported sales of less than $100,000 but their business amounted to only 
11.3 percent of the total. Stated differently, 60 percent of the establish- 
ments, the smaller ones, did 10 percent of the business, while approximately 
10 percent of the establishments, the larger ones, accounted for 60 percent 
of the total value. 

EXPENSE RATIO DECREASES AS SIZE INCREASES. --One of the most significant 
analyses made possible by Table 4 is a study of operating expenses as 
related to size of business. As shown in the accompanying table, expenses 
per dollar of sales for establishments under $50,000 were exactly twice those 
of the over-one-million group. The expense ratio for all kinds of business 
combined shows a constant but gradual decline from the smaller to the larger 
size groups, ranging from 21.0 to 10.5. The decline is at a diminishing rate, 
however, for the upper brackets. 

TABLE M.- -NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS. NET SALES AND 
OPERATING EXPENSES BY BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 



Establishments Net_Sales Q2erating_Expenses 

Business-Size Groups Percent Percent Percent 

(based upon net Number of Amount of Amount to 

sales) total _ (a_dd_000) total (add 000) sales 

Total^_all_establishments__79j.333__100^0__|14_^817^41__100^g $1^9Z3^760__13^3 

Under $50,000 37,530 47.3 721,344 4.9 151,768 21.0 

$50,000 to $99,999 13,389 16 9 951,984 6 4 180,384 18.9 

$100,000 to $199,999 11,389 14.4 1,606,085 10.8 270,609 16.6 

$200,000 to $299,999 5,614 7.1 1,364,065 9.2 201,661 14.8 

$300,000 to $499,999 5,038 6.3 1,929,714 13.0 255,578 13.2 

$500,000 to $999,999 4,006 5.0 2,753,153 18.6 339,782 12.3 

^■'■i.222i222_?:"^_°Y.lL ^i^^l ^j.° ^j.1?2j.^?^ '^li} I^'^lVJ'-A^.l^ 

* For further treatment of this subject see Volume VI. 



Vol. I - Page 31 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



CHART VI - ESTABLISHMENTS AND SALES OF 
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS 
BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 



Number of Establishments 
Total: 79,333 



Net Sales 
Total: $14,817,041,000 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Vol. I - Page 32 



While it is true in general that expenses per dollar of sales de- 
crease as size increases, the rule does not hold for all trades. In the 
case of groceries, for example, the optimum size (minimum expense ratio) 
appears in the |200,000 to $299,999 group. For this trade, the highest 
ratios for those with sales of more than $100,000 are found in the two 
largest groups. Likewise, the optimum size for tobacco products lies 
between $500,000 and $1,000,000, while for dry goods (full line) the expense 
ratio remains constant in the upper brackets. When establishments with 
sales of less than $50,000 are eliminated, a study of the United States 
summary Table 4 shows that, of the 142 kinds of business into which mer- 
chants and distributors are classified, expense ratios for 68 declined 
rather consistently as the size increased, while for 32, the ratio seems 
to be indifferent to size. In 31 of the kinds of business, the optimum 
size appears to be less than a million dollars. For 11 of the trades no 
definite trend could be determined because of the limited number of estab- 
lishments. 

TABLE N.- -OPERATING EXPENSES EXPRESSED AS PERCENT TO NET SALES 
FOR CERTAIN HOMOGENEOUS TRADES 
BY BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 



Expense Perce nt to Sales 



Business-size groups Total, Industrial 

(based upon net all Auto- Beer Groceries Hardware equipment Tobacco and 
sales) trades mobiles (full line) (full line) (full line) its products 



United States Totf-l 


13.3 


8.6 


14.6 


9.2 


17.9 


19.0 


5.5 


Under $50,000 


21.0 


16.7 


16.2 


11.1 


21.2 


26.8 


7.6 


$50,000 to $99,999 


18.9 


18.0 


15.6 


9.5 


22.5 


24.5 


7.4 


$100,000 to $199,999 


16.8 


11.1 


15.3 


8.6 


20.9 


22.0 


6.6 


$200,000 to $299,999 


14.8 


10.8 


13.7 


8.3 


19.9 


20.0 


5.4 


$300,000 to $499,999 


13.2 


10.3 


12.8 


8.4 


18.2 


18.6 


5.4 


$500,000 to $999,999 


12.3 


9.3 


13.0 


8.7 


17.7 


18.4 


5.0 


$1,000,000 and over 


10.5 


8.1 


11.4 


10.2 


17.4 


18.6 


5.5 



In studying the influence of size upon cost, it should be remembered 
that there are other factors affecting expenses, such as location of estab- 
lishment, activities performed (processing or retailing), lines of merchan- 
dise handled, customers served, legal form of organization, sales radius, 
credit policy, etc. While the effects of these factors tend to offset one 
another in the large number of establishments in some trades, their influences 
become apparent in others. The expense ratio for full-line hardware establish- 
ments under $50,000, for example, is 21.2 percent as compared with 22.5 percent 
for the $50,000 to $99,999 group. This increase may be explained in part by 
the inclusion of a relatively large number of proprietor-owned establishments 
in the smaller brackets. The operating expenses of these establishments in- 
clude no allowances for the services of proprietors. Persons familiar with the 
various trades will, no doubt, recognize other factors which caused the 
ratios to appear irregular. 





CHART VII-RATIO OF OPERATING EXPENSES TO NET SALES BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED 


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Vol. 1 - Page 34 



ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES* 



As in the case of employment and pay roll for a representative week, 
data were collected in this census for the first time on operating expen- 
ses by functional divisions. Wholesale merchants and industrial distritju- 
tors with annual sales in excess of 150,000 were asked to analyze their 
accounts and report their administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, 
occupancy and other expenses separately. It was found, however, that the 
accounting methods in vogue in most of the houses with sales of less than 
$100,000 did not lend themselves to this type of analysis. The study is, 
therefore, limited to those with annual sales of $100,000 or more. 

Table 5 presents the analysis of operating expenses by functional 
divisions for the various kinds of business into which wholesale merchants 
and industrial distributors are classified. One of the important contribu- 
tions of this table to the theory of cost variation lies in the analysis of 
operating expenses for a number of more homogeneous kinds of business by 
functional divisions and by size of business. For 18 trades, the functional 
analysis is given for the following five business-size groups: $100,000 to 
$199,999; $200,000 to $299,999; $300,000 to $499,999; $500,000 to $999,999; 
and $1,000,000 and over. 

GROCERY TRADE ANALYZED. --The analysis of expenses carries significance 
when considered in connection with a given kind of business. To illustrate 
the use of Table 5, the grocery trade is selected. Of the 2,885 full-line 
merchants with sales of $100,000 or more, 1,857 analyzed their operating 
expenses by functional divisions. These 1,857 establishments reported 
sales of $1,260,377,000 and operating expenses amounting to $117,481,000, 
or 9.3 percent of sales. Stated differently, it cost $9.30 to market a 
representative bill of goods amounting to $100. The $9.30 is divided as 
follows: $2.40 for administrative expenses; $2.50 for selling expenses; 
$1.10 for delivery; $1.30 for warehouse; $1.00 for occupancy charges; and 
$1.00 for miscellaneous expenses. 

The 1,857 grocery merchants are classified by size groups as follows: 
272 in the first size group ($100,000 to $199,999), 337 in the second size 
group ($200,000 to $299,999); 489 in the third ($300,000 to $499,999); 480 
in the fourth ($500,000 to $999,999); while 279 had sales of $1,000,000 or 
over. Whereas for the group as a whole, it cost $9.30 to market a repre- 
sentative bill-of-goods amounting to $100, the smallest size group shows 
expenses of $9.60; the second group, $8.80; third, $8.60; fourth, $8.70; 
and the million-dollar houses $9.90. 

While the census data do not reveal the cause of the rise, they do 
show that increases occur in administrative, selling, delivery and ware- 
house expenses, with the largest increases in selling and warehouse costs. 



* For further treatment of tliis subject see Volume VI. 



Vol. I ■ Page 35 



As selling expenses are composed largely of salesmen's salaries and expenses 
and advertising, the emphasis upon private brands or wide sales areas 
are possible explanations. 

TABLE 0.--ANALYSIS OF EXPENSES OF 1,857 FULL-LINE GROCERY MERCHANTS 
BY FUNCTIONAL DIVISIONS AND BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 



Business-size group 


Number of 
establish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 


Operating expenses, 
percent to net sales 






(add 000) Total 


12 3 4 


5 6 


Total 


1^857 


$1,260,377 9.3 


2.4 2.5 1.1 1.3 


_1^Q__1^0 



$100,000 to $199,999 
$200,000 to $299,999 
$300,000 to $499,999 
$500,000 to $999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 



272 41,267 

337 84,054 

489 191,377 

480 331,718 

279 611,961 



9.6 


2.4 


2.3 


1.3 


1.0 


1.2 


1.4 


8.8 


2.3 


2.2 


1.1 


.9 


1.0 


1.3 


8.6 


2.2 


2.1 


1.0 


1.1 


1.0 


1.2 


8.7 


2.3 


2.3 


1.0 


1.1 


.9 


1.1 


9.9 


2.6 


2.8 


1.3 


1.5 


.9 


.8 



1 - Administrative expenses 

2 - Selling expenses 

3 - Delivery expenses 



4 - Warehouse expenses 

5 - Occupancy expenses 

6 - Other expenses 



INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS ANALYZED. --Of the 1,633 industrial distribu- 
tors in the United States in 1935, 420 analyzed their expenses by functional 
divisions. These 420 establishments reported sales of $205,370,000 and 
expenses amounting to $35,455,000 or 17.3 percent of sales. The 420 dis- 
tributors are classed by size as follows: 131 with sales of $100,000 to 
$199,999; 75 from $200,000 to $299,999; 93 from $300,000 to $499,999; 85 
from $500,000 to $999,999; and 36 with sales of a million dollars or more. 
The expense ratio shows a constant decline from 20.8 for the smallest size 
group to 16.4 for the million-dollar group. An important factor in the 
decrease is a drop in administrative expenses from 7.1 to 4.9 selling ex- 
penses remain fairly constant for the groups above $300,000. In contrast 
to the other divisions of expenses, warehousing costs show marked increases 
in the upper brackets. 

TABLE P.--FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 
OF 420 INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS, BY BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 



Business-size group 



Number of 
establish- 
ments 



Total 



$100,000 to $199,999 
$200,000 to $299,999 
$300,000 to $499,999 
$500,000 to $999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 



Net 

sales 

(add 000) 



Total 



Operating expenses, 

_percent to net sales 

2 3 4 5 6 



_420 S205^370_ 

131 18,665 
75 18,238 
93 36,418 
85 59,196 
36 72,853 



17.3 5.6 5.6 



.9 1.8 1.9 1.5 



20.8 
19.6 
16.9 
16.7 
16.4 



7.1 5.9 

7.0 5.9 

5.8 5.4 
5.4 5.6 

4.9 5.6 



1.2 

1.2 

.9 

.8 

.9 



1.6 
1.5 
1.4 
1.6 
2.3 



2.7 2.3 

1.9 2.1 

2.0 1.4 

1.9 1,4 

1.5 1.2 



1 - Administrative expenses 

2 - Selling expenses 

3 - Delivery expenses 



4 - Warehouse expenses 

5 - Occupancy expenses 

6 - Other expenses 



Vol. I - Page 36 



CREDIT SALES* 



CREDIT_SALES_PREDOMINATE.— Of the full-sefvice and limited-function 
wholesaler's and manufacturer's' sales branches doing a credit business, 
over 80 percent of their sales are on a credit basis (see Table 6). There 
were 88,931 full-service and limited-function wholesale establishments in 
the United States in 1935, 62,086 of whom reported credit sales. These 
62,086 establishments granted credit on $11,123,208,000, or 81.5 percent, of 
their net sales of $13,650,448,000. Of the 11,634 manufacturers' sales 
branches, 9,397 reported credit sales of $5,143,453,000, which was 82.5 per- 
cent of their net sales of $6,232,227,000. 

TABLE Q.- -CREDIT SALES OF FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 
WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 



Establishments 

All establishments I§S2Ilii2£_ credit sales 

Net sales Net sales Credit sales 
Number (add 000) Number (add 000) (add 000) 



Type of operation 



Full service and limited- 
function wholesalers 88,931 $17,661,691 62,086 

Manufacturers' sales 
branches (with stocks) 11,634 7,446,014 9,397 



fl3, 650,448 $11'123'208 
6,232,227 5,143,453 



It is significant that the proportion of the credit business for the 
two types is approximately the same, 81.5 percent for full-service and lim- 
ited-function wholesalers as compared with 82.5 percent for manufacturers' 
sales branches. However, a slightly larger percentage of the latter, (80.8 
pftrcent), reported that they did some credit business, as compared with 
69.8 percent of the former type. Whether the failure to report credit sales 
indicates a strictly cash business, or represents an omission, is difficult 
bo say. It is known, however, that some wholesale establishments sell only 
for cash. 

CREDIT BY KIFDS OF BUSINESS. --When the two types are analyzed by kinds 
of business, a close relationship is noted between the credit ratios. Full- 
service and limited-function wholesalers and manufacturers' sales branches 
both show over 90 percent credit sales for clothing and furnishings, dry goods, 
furniture and house furnishings, lumber and construct: on materials, metals 
and metal work and paper and its products. Both types show over 85 percent 
credit for 14 identical trades, while for automotive products and for farm 
products-consumer goods, both show a low ratio of credit business. 

Significant differences between the credit ratios of the two types are 
noted in the following trades: beer, wines and liquors; coal and coke; farm 
supplies; and tobacco and its products. These differences are due to the 
fact that the two types are either serving different classes of customers or 
are emphasizing different lines of merchandise which fall within the same 
major kind-of-business classification. 



For further treatment of tliis subject see Volume VII. 



Vol, I - Page 37 



SALES BY CLASSES OF CUSTOMERS 



Sales of merchandise to retailers for resale constitute less than one- 
half of the total business of wholesale establishments. An analysis of 
wholesale sales shows that 45.4 percent are to retailers for resale, 1.5 
percent at retail to household consumers, 29 8 percent to industrial users, 
20.2 percent to other wholesalers and 3.1 percent for export to buyers in 
foreign countries. The 20.2 percent sales to other wholesale establishments 
represents duplication in the total figures, in that it shows to what extent 
the same goods are sold two or more times in various successive stages of 
wholesale distribution. 

These figures (Table 7) are based upon information furnished by 141,296 
establishments able to supply the data direct from their books or on the 
basis of carefully prepared estimates. These 141,296 establishments repre- 
sent 79.9 percent of the total number and account for 81.5 percent of the 
total sales of wholesale establishments in the United States in 1935. 

TABLE R.- -SUMMARY OF SALES BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND CLASSES OF CUSTOMERS 



Type of operation 



Total, Establishments analyzed by 

all estab lish ments classes of customers 

Net Sales 

Number sales Number % of Amount % of 

(add 000) total (add 000) total 



88,931 17,661,691 77,794 87.5 15,905,271 90.1 



Total 176^56 $42_^802_^913 141_^296__79^9_|34_^865_^567__81^5 

Full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers 
Manufacturers' sales branches 11,634 
Manufacturers' sales offices 4,196 
Bulk tank stations 27,333 

Agents and brokers 18,147 

Assemblers 26,515 



7,446,014 9,363 80.5 

3,620,074 3,361 80.1 

2,704,047 16,043 58.7 

8,908,076 14,684 80.9 

2,463,011 20,051 75.6 



6,201,778 
2,908,284 
1,379,520 
6,697,013 
1,773,701 



83.3 
80.3 
51.0 
75.2 
72.0 



[Table continued) 



Type of operation 



Percent of sales an alyze d to each class_of customer_ 
Sales Sales to Sales to Sales to 
to household industrial other Export 
retailers consumers users wholesalers sales 1/ 



Total 

Full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers 
Manufacturers' sales branches 
Manufacturers' sales offices 
Bulk tank stations 
Agents and brokers 
Assemblers 



45.4 1.5 29.8 



20.2 



3.1 



59.2 


1.9 


24.9 


10.2 


3.8 


52.6 


0.4 


27.7 


18.6 


0.7 


17.8 


0.2 


59.3 


21.1 


1.6 


73.3 


8.0 


9.9 


8.4 


0.4 


21.0 


0.1 


34.9 


39.4 


4.6 


12.7 


4.1 


29.5 


50.0 


3.7 



1/ To buyers in foreign countries. 



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Vol. 1 - Page 39 



Among other uses, Table 7 serves to indicate in general the extent to 
which manufacturers' sales branches compete with full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers for the retailers' business. For instance, branches 
selling automotive equipment, wines and liquors, dry goods, electrical goods, 
jewelry or tobacco products deal for the most part with wholesalers or 
jobbers and with industrial users, while branches in the following trades 
sell more than 90 percent to retailers: Automobiles and other motor 
vehicles; men's and boys' clothing; women's and children's clothing; furs 
and fur clothing; hosiery; millinery; shoes; coffee, tea and spices; and 
optical goods. For 18 kinds of business, over three-fourths of the sales 
of manufacturers' sales branches are to retailers. 

LEGAL FORMS OF ORGANIZATION 

CORPORATIONS DOMINATE. --The basic data on wholesale trade are shown by 
legal forms of business in Table 9. It is significant to note that the 
corporate form of organization accounted for one-half of the total number 
of wholesale establishments and more than three-fourths of the volume of 
business. Of the 176,756 establishments, 60,306 or 34.1 percent were 
owned by individual proprietors; 20,000 or 11.3 percent were partnerships; 
88,471 or 50.1 percent corporations; while 7,979 or 4.5 percent were 
classified as "other". In terms of net sales, the corporate form of 
organization is even more important, accounting for 77.1 percent of the 
total volume as compared with 11.1 percent for individual proprietorships, 
9.7 percent for partnerships, and 2.1 percent for "other". Thus, in 
general, establishments operated by corporations are much larger than 
those owned by partners or sole proprietors. 

The relative efficiency of the various forms of organization is 
difficult to determine, partly because of the fact that operating 
expenses, as reported to the Bureau of the Census, include no amounts 
for the services of proprietors and firm members. The number of persons with 
a proprietary interest devoting the major portion of their time to the 
business is shown in Table 9, but no attempt has been made to evaluate 
their services. If compensation is imputed to them somewhat comparable 
to the amount shown for executives and salaried corporation officers in 
Table 3B, little difference between the various forms of organization is 
found. It should be remembered, however, that in comparing costs a number 
of factors are involved, such as lines of merchandise handled, methods of 
operation and size of business. 

Considered by types of operation, partnerships and sole proprietor- 
ships combined were most important in the agent and broker group where they 
represented 68.1 percent of the establishments and 42.7 percent of the 
sales. They accounted for more than one-half of the establishments of 
full-service and limited-function wholesalers and assemblers, but their per- 
centage of the business was 23.5 and 28.4, respectively. 



Vol. I - Page 40 

TABLE S.- -SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 
BY LEGAL FORM OF ORGANIZATION 

Average 

Establishments ]^§i_sales sales per Operating ■ 

Legal form % of Amount % of estab- expenses ■ 

Number total iadd_0001 total lishment iadd_0001_ 

Ulliied_States_Total iZ6^Z56__lQ0^0 S42_^802_^913 100^0__|242_^158__S4^163^480 



Individual 














proprietorships 


60,306 


34.1 


4,774,205 


11.1 


79,166 


336,844 


Partnerships 


20,000 


11.3 


4,134,639 


9.7 


206,732 


251,221 


Corporations 


88,471 


50.1 


32,986,801 


77.1 


372,854 


3,468,698 


Other forms* 


7,979 


4.5 


907^268 


2.1 


113,707 


106,717 



* Includes 6,436 Commission bullc tank stations. 

NEGRO PROPRIETORSHIPS AND PARTNERSHIPS. --Eighteen wholesale establishments 
were owned by negro proprietors and partnerships. These 18 establishments 
employed 38 persons to whom they paid salaries and wages amounting to $22,000 
during the year 1935. In addition, 21 proprietors or partners were actively 
engaged in the business. The 18 establishments reported sales of $164,000 
and operating expenses of $43,000, including pay roll of $22,000. 

AUXILIARY UNITS. --Some wholesale organizations maintain auxiliary units 
such as central or administrative offices, warehouses or other company service 
units, entirley apart from their wholesale establishments. Where the employ- 
ment, expenses and pay roll of these auxiliary units could not properly be 
charged to a single establishment or allocated to a group of marketing units, 
the respondent was instructed to report them separtely. The data for these 
units are presented in Table lOA by States and in in Table lOB by number 
of establishments under one ownership. Although they represent a part of the 
wholesale business, these data are not included in other tables as wholesale 
operations. 

There were 561 auxiliary units reported separately for the year 1935, 
employing 30,718 persons to whom were paid salaries and wages amounting to 
$61,857,000. These units incurred operating expenses, including pay roll of 
$142,634,000 in addition to the amounts prorated to marketing units. While 
it is not their primary function to sell merchandise, their total sales for 
the year aggregated $209,851,000, reported only in Tables lOA and lOB. 

MULTI-UNIT WHOLESALING. --There were 125,032 organizations of separate owner- 
ship engaged in wholesaling during 1935. Of this number, 118,804 operated only 
one establishment each; 2,761 maintained two establishments; 2,030 maintained 
from three to five each, or a total of 7,296; while 1,437 organizations, each 
with more than five establishments accounted for a total of 38,698 wholesale 
places of business. The 6,436 commission bulk tank stations which are owned 
by 15 multi-unit wholesalers but which are operated independently by commission 
agents with a proprietary interest are not counted here as organizations, but 
are shown separately in Table lOB. 



Vol. I . Page 41 



It is significant to note that when commission bulk tank stations 
are included, multi-unit wholesaling accounted for almost one-half (47.0%) 
of the sales of all wholesale establishments as compared with 53 percent 
for establishments with separate ownerships. Organizations with two 
establishments each accounted for 5.0 percent of the total sales as com- 
pared with 8.2 percent for those with three to five establishments; 6.5 
percent for those with six to nine; 4.0 percent for those with 10 to 14; 
4.8 percent for organizations with 15 to 24; 7.1 percent for those with 25 
to 49; 3.0 percent for those with 50 to 99; and 8.4 percent for the 57 
organizations each operating 100 or more wholesale establishments. 

In general, organizations with the larger number of establishments 
also show the larger annual sales per establishment. Important exceptions 
to this rule are found for those organizations with more than 50 marketing 
units which, for the most part, are bulk tank stations. 

WHOL ESAL E SALES BY RETAILERS. --During the year 1935, wholesale sales 
of retailers (sales from one retailer to another), amounted to $537,749,000 
as shown in Table 11. Inasmuch as these sales were not made by wholesale 
establishments, however, they are not included in the Wholesale Census. 
Offsetting this item, retail sales of wholesale establishments, as shown in 
Table 7, amounted to $510,282,000.. 

Wholesale sales by retailers are most common in the following retail 
trade groups: Automotive, lumber-building-hardware, and "other" retail 
stores. The latter group consists of fuel and ice dealers, hay, grain and 
feed stores, farm and garden supply houses, jewelry stores, and packaged 
beer and liquor stores. 



Page 42 

CHAPTER 111 

CLASSIFICATIONS - TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 

TWPOTWABCT Of CUaBIFIC*nOM3 .~For • olaar undaratudlne of wholtsal* dlatrlbutlon. It tau bMs hmcmut to olualfy 
the Infcrmatlon, gaogrtphloall/, by ar»a« suoh •■ Stataa, oovmtlas asd oltlaa. It hu also b««D aaMssary to Idontlfr 
proporlr aaoh roportlog aatabllahmant aooordlug to It* funotlonal tjp* a&d aoeordtsg to th* Una of narcbandlaa bandlad or 
trada daelgnatlon. Only In tbla Duuiar la It poaalbla to praaant a otatlatloal platura of th* wholaaallag Baotaaalaa of th* 
Ration and Ita Tsrlous aubdlTlaiona, ahowlne tha faoUltiaa azlatln« In 193S, aj oaiiq>ar*d with 1933 and 1929. In thla viae It 
la alao poaalhla to analjrza data baarlng on tha rolatlTO afflclanoy of the different ph«aaa of tha aholaeallsg ayatai. 

la defining and olaaalfylng eatabliahnanta, the flrat problaai waa to dlatln^ulah between wholeaala and retail bualneaa In 
oany borderline oaaea. nhat waa finally Inaludad In tha Iholeaale Casaua la Indloated In Chapter II of thla foluna. In 
affeatlne a a'iTlaloa betweao wlioleaale and retail trade, many oaiq>lexltlea praaante'l thamaalTea. In a number of Inatanoea 
wholaaallnc and retailing funetlona are ao Intei-woren aa to make the proceaa of aaparstlon Impracticable. Thla altuatlon la 
further eog^llcated by the coneema operating In what nay be teioad tha 'twilight zone", aa Is tha case of lumber yarda which 
are eonrantlonally designated aa retail lumber yanSa but which In principle are wholaaala eatabllahsienta, inasmuch aa they 
aell most of their gooda to oontraotora for Induatrlal uae. Furthamore, many business conceme do not fall clearly In either 
the retail or wbelesale category, since they operate In both ways. As It was Impracticable, however, to classify any single 
establlalnant In ao^r than one place, coneema angaged In both retailing and wholaaallng ware claaaad as wholaaala If OTer 
50 percent of their dollar Tolurae was aaoured through wholaaale aales aid Ties versa. PrOTlslon has bean made, howoTer, to 
compile retail sales of wholesale establlsfaDents (Table 7) and wholesale sales of retail establlshmants (Table 11) In older 
that complete figures may be arailable on total Toluma of both wholesale and retail bualneaa. 

CLASSIFICATION BY TYPES OF OPERATION 

ObTloualy, wholesale establlsfamants as outlined In Chapter 1 perform wholesaling funetlona In rarylng degrees. Some 
aasanble products from a nuobar of sources which they hold resly for dell Tsry to customers upon re^iuast — In many Instances 
iallTering the goods to the buyer's place of business on liberal credit tenna. Other wholeaelsra do Uttle more than bring 
the buyer and seller together. In the grocery trade, for szenple, there are. In addition to what may be tensed "service 
wholosalers' , a number of other typee of wholesale distributors such as retailer-owned oooperatlTSS, wagon distributors, and 
cash-and-carry wholsaalers. Among the other wholesale organizations operating In the grocery field are agents, brolcers and 
oonBlsslon msrchanta. The anploynant, pay roll, credit bualnaas and operating e:qpenaa8 of theae eatabllahmenta vary in 
general according to the functions performed, 

BA3I3 FOR ClASaiFYISQ WHDLBAUI BTABLiaaflgTS BY TYHS .— In classifying or grouping wholesale establishments by types of 
operation, the following considerations and distinctions gOTsm: 

1. According to the ownership of goods; nsmaly, ttaoae which take title to the merchandise and operate aa merchants and 
those which do not take title. 

2. According to serrlaea rendered. Indicating whether they render complete or limited aerrlcas. 

3. On the bssls of whether they emphasize the buying function or the selling function; namely, a dlrlsloo Into buying 
establishments and selling establishments. 

4. According to the ownership of the establishments, in order to Indicate single-unit eatabllsfaments, branches, and 
chains. 

5. According to the relationship of the wholesale establishment to retail outlsts, as In the case of retallar-coopsratlTe 
warehouses; or to producers, aa in the case of manufacturers' sales branches. 

6. On the basis of the territory oorersd, according to which they may be divided Into local, sectional, and nstlonal 
coverage. 

7. According to whether they are engaged In foreign or domestic trade. 

Any one of these claases nay be further subdivided. Thus, It Is possible to classify orgsnlzations engaged In domestic 
trale Into buying organizations and selling organizations. Each of these may ba claaslfisd in turn on the basis of title to 
the goods in order to show ntsrchant and non-merchant establlahmsnts, as wall as on tha basis of ownership of the establishmsnts. 

TO Jtfl ffl or TfFS D35D IN IHE CatS IB. — In order to enhance the usefulness of ths statistics, wholesale establishments have 
been divided into six type-of -operation groups, four of which have been further subdivided, so that a total of 33 distinct 
types of wholeeale eatabllahmsnts is used In breaking down census data. All of these types operate between producer and 
consumer in the purchase or sale of goods. Usually they alao furnish a number of marketing services related to the buying 
and selling of merchandise. Some of theee middlemen are of the merchant type. In that they take title to the goods, and 
assume tne risks of price changes; while others may be designated as functional mlddlemsn, since their main activity lies In 
the negotiation of purchases or sales, but they do not take title to the goods involved. These functional middlemen usually 
perfoijn more limited marketing functions thsn Is true in the ease of merchant Dilddlemen> Some of the typee defined below are 
Integrated with macuf acturera and others are Integrated with retailers. Conseiiuently, not all coincide with the connon 
conception of mlddleaien although they are, without exception. In the bueineaa of wholesaling. 

TYPES OF OPERATION DEFINED 

The concepts contained In the definitions of wholeeale eatablishments set forth balcw are those need by the census In 
classifying ths schedules. Svery atteiq>t has been made to adhere as closely as possible to the definitions used In the 1933 
and 19S9 censuses and to common usage In the field of marketing. 

1. full-Service and Llmlted-runctlon Wholesalers . — Thla functional type-group Includes wholesale establishments which 



Page 43 



ar« •ngaged Is tb* buying aad sslllsg of gooda on tbslr oan aeeount, and whlcb are largely Isdapasdent In ownerablp. It 
oorresponds to tbe "Vholesalera Proper' clasalf leatlon of 1933 and embraces 11 elaaass of wboleaalera ahlob are defined Is the 
following paragraphs. 

a. Wholesale Merchants are usually Icnoim as "wboleaalara" , but tbe tem la uaed here In a nor* raatrlotad sense, to 
eoTer full-serrlce wboleaalera performing their functlosa primarily In tbe domeatlo narket. They are Darchast middlemen who 
sell goods principally to retailers and to industrial and conmerclal uaers. Tbey bxiy and aell merchandise on their own 
account; carry stooks In their places of business; assemble in large lots and rediatrlbute, usually throu^ aalesmen, in 
■nailer (Quantities; extend credit to cuetomers; and render edTlce to tbe trede. In eome lines of buslnssa, particularly where 
the ■erobesdise is of a perishable nature or derlTed from unstandardlzed produotlon, wholesale msrehsnts also perfom the 
functions of grading and atasdardlxatlos. Although for moat kinds of business tbey aell prlmsrlly to retailers, substantial 
quontitlss of merehandlss are also sold by them to Industrial and eoiaiereial oaera such as ivrtaurants, hotels, public 
Inatltutlosa, public utilities, manufacturers asd to other irtiolesalers. 

Jobbera is a teim uaed aysosyBously with that of ■wholesale merchants*, sisce it was iBpoasible to dlatlscalab v 
between the two on the baala of reports submitted. Furthenure, in most lines of treds the two terns are used interohasgsably, 
with preference being glTen to the more deacrlptlTs term *wholesalsr* or "wbolssala mercbest*. 

b. 7oluntary-Group Jholeaalars are wholesals merchants sponsoring Tolustary organizatlona of independent retailers 
wherein the retallera affiliate tbamaelTea with the wboleaalera for tbe purpose of reeelTlng certain adrantagea In buying, 
adrertising and other merchandising actlTltlss. Only thoss wbolesalere, the major portion of wboae ealea are made through a 
Tolustary arrangement with retallera, are Included Is this slaaalfloatios. 

c. ConTerters . as ths tsrm is used In the Wholesals Census, are >erebant mlddleBen In tbe textile trade. Is 
addition to performing tbe uaual functiona of wholesale laerabasts, oosTerters alao perfom or hare parforaed for them aoBS of 
the functions of manufacturing in its final atagea auch as f Inlahlng, dyeing, printing, etc. nie manufacturing functions are 
ao Isalgnlf leant In tbe case of oonTerters Included in the ilbolaaale Ceaaus, as ccopared with all of the other functiona they 
perfom, that they are properly regarded as wholesale mlddlsBen. Plants opsrated by eosTerters sre Included Is tbe Cessus of 
Masufacturea. 

d. gxportera are wholesale mercbanta sslllsg in the foreign rather than in the dcmsatic market. Oielr ealea may 
be largely to wholsaals merchants abroad or to Induatrlal uaers, rather than to retailers as is the caae with wholeaale 
Bsrehants engsged in doaestlc trads. 

e. Importers in the wholesale field arc largely Identified with wholeaale Barahants as far aa funotloaa are aon- 
oemed. The chief dlatlnction Ilea in the eouree of purohaaea, whlob Is the case of laportera la primarily forelgs. rurthsr- 
Bore, ealea by importers may be made largely to wboleaalera or to Induatrlal uaera rather than direct to retallera. 

f . Industrial Diatrlbutors are distinguished from wholesals nsrcbants by the fact that tbey aell primarily to in- 
duatrlal users ratbsr than to retallere. For census purposes, the tea Is Halted to establlahnents dealing in a more or 
less coi^lete lins of equipment and/or suppllaa and materlala for mises, faetorlee, oil welle, contractora, public utllltiea 
and other induatrlal uaera. Tbie type Includea among othera, oil well supply oompanlea, mine and mill aupply bouaea, 
machinery dealsra, and contractors' aupply bouaaa. 

g. Cash-and-carry Jibolaaalers buy and aell oerohandlM In their own nene, eariy stocks, usually aaaambla is large 
quantitlea, and sail in aaallsr amounta to retail and other dealers ^u> call for tbe goode at the wboleaalera' plaeea of 
buslnees and pay caah for thaa. Ihey are to be dletlngulahed from wholeaale mercbanta by the fact that tbey uaually carry 

a limited line of products, mostly staplsa and fast-moTlng It^s, asd do sot gsserally extend credit to their cuatoaera, nor 
do they make free delireriea. Thla claaaLf Icatlos la ahown aeparately Is Tolunee I asd TI osly; elaewhere it la Included 
with wholeaale aercbants. 

Retaller-cooperatirea and Toluntary-group wholaaalers selling on a oaah-and-eariy basis are Included under 
their r«spectlTe elsaslf lest ions rather than bare. 

h. Drop Shippers or Desk Jobbers are distlsgulsbsd primarily by the fact that tbey do not perfom the function of 
warehouelng or storage, since tbey do not handle the goods; neither do thsy perfom the delirery function, for all ordara 
aoliclted from retailers snd othsrs are shipped directly from tbe manufacturer or other eouree of supply to the drop shippers' 
eustmere. While drop sbippsrs buy asd aell In their own nsae, aaauiae aome risk, and may extend credit, tbey are ahaiply 
diatlnguiahed from full-ssrrlcs wbolsealers who actually handle the goods and make dellTerles from stock. Under this claasl- 
flcatlan are listed only those establlshmsnts which opsrste primarily on s drop-shipment basis. 

1. Mail-order or Catalog Wholssalsrs aell all or the bulk of their goods by mall. Otberwiae auch eetabllahmeate 
operate aa full-aerrice wboleaalera, extending credit, making dellTerlea, etc. Sans of them miflay "good will" trareling men 
who tend to become aetive In the solicitation of orders. 

J, Retaller-CooperatlTe Trarehousee are wholeaale eatabllehmanta owned and operated cooperatlTely by groupe of in- 
dependent retailers buying collectlTsly. In addition to collactire buying and perfomlng wholesale serrlces at low costs, 

many retaller-cooperatlTas baTe entered actlTaly Into collective aelllng and are girlng Increased attantlon to ths msrchan- 
dlalng methods of their nmbera. Buying groupe without warehouaee are not Included In tbla classiflcstlon. 

k. Wsgop Distributors perform tbe wholssale fusetlone of buying, aelllng, warehouelng or atorage, and dellTery or 
transportation. Occaalonally tbey extend credit to their cuetooars. Their chief distinction from ordinary or aarrice whole- 
aalera llae In tbe following points: 

(1) Thsy conblos the fusetioss of sslesmsn with those of dellTerymu. Usually no separate aalea force is 
eiqiloyed, tbe woric of aelllng and dellTerlng being carried out by aaleaoan-drlTere. 

(2) They normally carry a limited aasortoant of Barcbandlae, consisting of nationally adTertlaed speclaltlea 
and faat-moTlsg lt«&a of a perlababla sature. 

(3) Ibalr practice le to aell for caah and in original packagea. 

In aone llnea of trade, manufacturera have In recent yeara eetabllahed their own wagon dletrlbutlon ayatama. 
In tbla cenaus osly bona file wboleaalera with eatabllahsd places of business operating In the masser described aboTe are 
coTered under the tem *wagon diatrlbutors'. 



Page 44 



£• H7|ni,if.nt^ ir»r»t 3^1,, Branohaa l»lth StoolcB) . — Wholaaale outlata ownad and oparatad by manufaotuiura apart fion thalr 
planta primarily for tha purpoaaa of oarrying atooks of, aallln«, aid dallrarlng their om produota. Salaa of manufaoturarn' 
aalaa branehaa Inolude booklnga (aalaa for direot dallrary from plant) aa wall aa aalea from atooica at tba branchaa. 3ub- 
aldiarr aalaa oorporatioca of manufaoturara hara baan claaalflad aa full-aarrlca and llaltad-funotlon atkolaaalara rathar than 
manuf aoturara* aalaa branohaa. 

3. Manuf aoturara' Salaa Offloea (Without Stoelca) . — Xatabllahmanta maintained by manuf ectu re ra apart from thalr planta 
for the purpoaaa of aalllng their produota. Salea offloea are dlatlnguiahed from aalaa branohaa by tha fact that thay do not 
Inoluda facllltlaa for the phyalcal atoraga, handling and dallrary of narchandlaa. 

*• Bulk Tank Statlona . — Vholeaala eatabllahnenta atorlng and dlatributlng gaaollne, oil and othar petroleum produota. 
Ttila olaaalflcation Includaa atatlona aarrlolng filling atatlona ownad by the aama organlzationa aa wall aa atatlona aalllng 
to Independent ratallera or to Induatrlal uaara. 'nirae aubolaaalf loatlona are defined aa follom: 

a. Independent 3tationa are Independently owned and not operated In conjunction with othara of their kind nor with 
filling atatlona under the eone ownerahlp. Tha term carrlaa no liq>llcatlon aa to whether the produota aold are thoae of the 
ao-oalled major oil eoiq>anlea or of Indepandant rafiAera. 

b. Chain-Operated Statlona are operated with others of their kind and/or with filling atatlona under tha aeme 
ownerahlp, either by an oil producer or by a nmltl-unlt operator Independent of any producer. • Thla elaaaif icatlon Includes 
only thoaa stations of multi-unit organizations which are operated on a aalary baola. 

0. Comalaaion Statlona are owned by multi-unit concerns but operated by managera with a proprietary interest. Tha 
operators of these stationa are paid comnlaaiona which Include Indeteiminate amounts for overhead and dalirery coata aa well 
aa pay loll. (Inamnuch aa It has bean laqiractlcabls to obtain ent>loyment and pay roll figures for theae atatlona, such data 
are omitted from the tablea.) 

5. igents and Brokers (runctlonal Itlddlsaien) . — Uila type group Includes middleman who are In buelneaa for thesiaalTaa 
and who negotiate purchaaes and/or aalaa In domestic or foreign tr«le, but who do not aa a rule take title to the gooda. k 
ohlef eddltional function la to furnish marketing Infoimatlon. They conmonly recelTe thalr reciunsrat ion In the fonn of 
cocmlssions or fees. Subolaaslficationa include the following: 

a. Auction Companlea are coneema that aell by the auction method at wholeaalo. Salea are eonduetad under definite 
rulea and are usually made to the highest or best bidder, llieae eatabllahmenta pioTlde placea for public Inapectlon and 
aala of osrehandlse consigned to them. Often, on their own responalblltty, they extend credit to purchaaara. Thla claaaifi- 
eatlon doea not include auctloneera or comrunlty aalea. 

b. Brokera are wholaaale mlddlaman whoae function It la to negotiate transactiona between buyers and aellers with- 
out harlng direct phyalcal control of the gooda, and without taking title or assuming the risk of price fluotuatlona. lliay 
act oa agenta for thalr prlnclpala who are usually wholeaalara or producera, although soioBtimss thay represent retallera aa 
wall. Brokers may represent either buyers or sellers in a glTan tranaactlon, or both, doing buaineas In the name of their 
principals. They do not take title to the goode to which their negotlatione apply, nor do thay finance their cllenta. Their 
powar aa to prioes and tarma of aals is usually limited by their prlnclpala. Sban tha amphaals is placed on the purchaae of 
gooda, such brokera are frequently dealgnatad as buying brokers. 

Brokers aa raoognizad by the oenaua are not bound to any aet of cllenta but operate freely In the wholeaala 
field, malr relatione with any one client ara not continuous as they are in the oaae of aelllng agenta or manuf acturers' 
agents. Tha ramuneratios of brokers la in the form of a conzalsslon or fee, baaed upon tha value of the gooda or upon the 
phyalcal quantity of merebondlae inrolTed in the tranaactlon. In addition to negotiating purohaaea or sales, their oblaf 
function oonsiats in sdTislng thsir ollanta as to aaiket conditions, Inaomuch aa knowledge of market eonditlone, of souroea 
of aupply and of outlets is their main stook in trsda. NoBcilly brokera do not handle the InToices. In the grocery trade it 
is dlffioult to diatinguiah between brokara, selling agenta, and manufaoturara' agents, the three tema frequently being 
used to describe aimilar methods of operation. 

e. Co— iaalon Msrehanta are functional middleman who tranaact bualnaaa in their own nems and who haT* direot 
physical oontrol 0T«r tha goods consigned to them, on a commission baaia. Acting aa ecnDlealon merchants they do not take 
title to the gooda they aell. In soma few llnea of trade ccanisaion merehenta, or cooailaalon houaes, act purely aa shippers' 
agents, but in laoat llnea of buaineas they coobine scrse merchant business with comisslon dealing. Rian acting in the 
oapeeity of agenta for their principals, it la the practice of eoaniaaloB merohanta, whan the gooda require it, to prepare 
thai for the market, to eell tham at the beat poaslbls prloee, and to remit the proceeda after deducting coBBlaaiona and othar 
oharsaa. 

d. Ktport Agents «r« funetional alddlanan who opaeiallss in tha purehasa of gooda for, or sale of goods to, 
foreign boyera. 

a. Iiqport Agenta ore funotlonal middlemen who repreeant forel^ aaUara In tha Mwriean market. In addition to 
negotiating salaa, thay usually attend to custams foimalltiea. 

f. Mamif aoturara ' Aj^enta ara funotlonal middlaoan who sell part of the output of eertain manufaoturara on an 
extended contractual baaia. They are limited with reapact to territory of operation and aa to prloee and tanas of aala. 
Their principal duty Is to aell gooda in aocordanee with the desire of their elleate, although they may also warahousa aoms 
of the laarchandiae. As uaad in thla ceosua, manufaoturara' agente uaually represent two or nuie producers whoee gooda are 
non-ooi^atitlTe in nature. Such agantn ara to ba diatlnguiahad from sal amen in that thay are in bualnaaa for thaBaalTaa, 
depending on conaalaalona rather than on f l2ad salary and azpenae allowances. 

g. Selling Agenta ara independent buaineas enterprlsaa opareting on a conmlaalon baaia, whoae principal function 
la to aell tha entire output of a glTan line of gooda for one or more manufacturern with whom thay maintain eontinuoua eon- 
traetual relntlonshlps. Selling agenta differ from manuf aclurars* aganto in tha following rsspacta: (1) They normally 
handid the entire output of one or more products of the clients they serve; (2) thay are less limited in aalaa territory; 
(3) thsy have full authority with regaM to prlcea, terms, etc., while the authority of manuf acturera' agents is limited in 
this regard; end (4) they frequently finance thalr clients and offer assistance in connection with their advertising tod 
other salaa promotion aetlvltiee. (In thla census special attention hae been given to this claaaificatlon but, whan ooi^ar- 
ing with 1933 figuraa, manuf acturera' agents and aelllng agents should be ooaeldared together.) 



Page 45 

h, Othtr Agcnt» laolui* purohulng ■ganta, raallmt bujrara, ato.. Is bualnaaa for thamaalvaa. Aa a naa thay bujr 
narehaiiillea tcx thalj ollaota aol al.ao aupply tboa with markat Isfoimation. Oooaaloaally auoh orgaalsatlooa ara Balntalnad 
soopnratlTaly bj a auubvr of vholaaalara or ratallara for wboB thay parfoin tha buying function. 

6. AjaaBiblara. "Thia group inoludaa aatabliahnanta angagad priaarlly in tha purchaaa or aala of faim produota at local 
producing ;3inta or In tha oitiaa of producing ragions. Tha aophaais ia on the buying phaaa, ainca it ia the principal 
function of thaaa organizationa to aasambla and conoantrata fam produota which ore produced on a relatiraly aaall ecala Into 
quantitiaa larga anougb for eeonomloal ahipnent and handling. Haat of than operate in what may be tsimad the local growara' 
aarkata, and include f inaa and IndiTiduala who do buainaaa on their own account, aa wall aa ttwaa who operate on a aalary or 
ooaialaaion beaia for others. Tba chief diatinction between aoma of thaaa different typea, aa indteatad below, reeta upon tha 
ooaBDditiaa inrolTed, rather then functional parformasca. lliay ara: 

a. "ountry Buyera of rma Produota are Indepandeot buyera and country buyara on a oomaiaaion baaia. Independent 
buyera of agrloultural coaiiiodities, aa a rule, f oiward or conaign tha gooda purchaaed to wholeaale receivera or diatrlbutora 
in another and uaually a larger narket or to aanufaoturera or proceaaora. Some of tha larger handlare of agricultural 
ooiandltiea alao maintain aaaaibling and paoUng planta at pointa of concentration in produoing ragiona. Country buyera on 
oosBiaaion, ether than thoae coTared by cream atationa or eleratora, include only thoae peraona and finsa, with eatablished 
plaoea of buainaaa, engaged in the buying of agricultural produota aa aganta for othera. 

b. Cream Staticna tncludaa oollecting atationa or depots located in fluid-milk producing regiona. They may be 
aaintalnad by city ailk dietributora, by creoaery caq>aiiea, by cooparatira milk aaaoclationa, or by indopemdaDt fiima> Soma 
of tha craam atation operatora darota their full time to tha purohaaa end shipping of milk or cream. In other caaea thay 
olao purohaaa egga, poultry, and other fans produota. Howerar, the majority of cream atationa ara operated in conjunction 
T)th aome otkar butinaas, which may be a retA 1 atore, an elerator, or a general country bvQring buainaaa. Dnlaaa tha bualivaa 
as a craaa station pradomlnataa, tha eatablishBaot is not included in thia claasifioation. 

0. CooperatlTe Marketing Aseoeiationa ara aaaooiatlona formed largely by f aimers for the puipoae of disposing of 
thsir goods at the moat odTantagaous prlcaa for the mutual benefit of the mambara. In addition to the actual aelling of the 
produota, thay often grade, paok, atore, finance, and in soma caaea adTertiae tha conaoditiea they handle. 3ueh aaaociationa 
may alao buy for their maotiera Tarloua auppliaa auch aa feed, aead, fertilizer and coal, ma deaignation coTars cooparatiTa 
marketing aaacoiations, whether local, aeetional, or national, aa well aa cantral marketing aaaociationa, sat up aa aalea 
agaooiaa by cooperatiTaa. CooparatiTa cream atationa and oooperatire eleratora are corered under thalr reapeetiTe dealg- 
natlona. (rarmara cooperatiTaa vgaged prijiarily in buying for maofcera ara included in the Retail Census.) 

d. HeTatora (Orain) include thoae country eleratora that purchaaa and handle grain, either on their own account 
(independent), or for their principala (line). Itie number alao includea aleTatora maintained by cooperatlTa aaaociationa. 
lisrehaidising eleratora in the terminal aarketa are claaaed aa wholeaale merchants. Storage aleTatora are included in the 
Cenaua of Warehousing, while eloTatora engaged primarily in the aala of coal, feed and fertilizer to faimara are inoludad in 
the Satail Cenaua. (Due to a change in their accounting procedure, acme line-eleTator concerns, formsrly reporting for a 
ealaadar year, have submitted reports for a fiacal year ending June 30. llsia change haa cauaad atocks on hand at tha and at 
tha year to ahow soma daeieesea. ) 

a. Paetara and Shippara eagaga priaarily in tha aaasmbly of fruita and Tagetablea and of sea foods, end also 
nomally pack, grade, and ahip auch produota. Hie operatioaa of cooparatiTa marketing aaaociationa and of famara and in- 
diTidual produeeia ara net included under thia claaalf loation. 

Chain Store Warehouaea . — Although thia type of operation ia not included in the 1939 Wholeaale Cenaua aa a consonant 
part of wholesale trade, a suoaary of their operationa ia giTeo in tha appendix. 

CLASSIFICATION BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 

■aoh wholeaale eatabllafament, in addition to claaaif ication by type of operation, ia claasiflad by kind of buainaaa 
(druga, groceries, hardware, etc.) baaed upon the principal linaa of narchandiae handled or trade deslgaatlon. nia sta- 
tiatica presented in thia manner soable each wboleaaler to compare hie acccopliahmanta with thoae of other wtwleeala ea- 
tabliahmanta operating in tha aama line of trade end in the aaoa area in whioh hia buainaaa ia located. Thia method of 
preeantation peimita aignifioant coii)i>ariaona with respect to operating ezpenaea, aTerega aalary, lines of merchandiae handled, 
and credit buainaaa. 

Ouidad largely by the experience of preTioua canausea, all wholeeale establlahnsnts have bean diTlded into 29 kisd-of- 
bualnssa grot^a. Dieae gzoupa co^riaa 142 minor or detailed cleaslfications. In arranging the claaalf ieationa , three 
factors war* eonaidared: 

1. nie way in which certain gooda are diatributad; namely, tha Channela of Dlatribution. 

2. n>a Source of Supply of the canmodity or cosBoditiea under eoneideration. 

3. Tha Utilization of the comodity by thoae who purohaae it from the reporting fiiB. 

To llluatrsta, aoap powder uaad for houaabold oonaumption la Inoludad ■mong groeerlea, ainoe tha great bulk of auch 
. Barchandlsa la handled through grocery ohannela. Thia claaalf loation obrioualy followa tha firat baaia mantionad, namely, 
«>i«iiTi«i. of dlatribution. Hidea and akina, on tha other hand, are claaalflad under 'farm produeta - raw materials* on the 
baals of their souroe of aupply . Similarly, f niita and Tagetablae are claaalflad under 'farm produota - eonsumer gooda*. 
Shoes are claaalflad under 'clothing and fumlahinga' because of the way in which thay are utilized . 

In aome caaaa It aaa oecaaaary to combine more than one of the baaaa mentioned. For axasqtle, stoTes and ranges are 
claaalflad aa "plumbing and heating aciulpment and auppliaa*, partly beeauae thay are diatributad throu^ plumbing channela 
but largely because thay are uaad for heating puipoaca, ao that both tba channela of dlatribution and utilization of tha 
produeta are followed In thia oaaa. 



Page 46 



To aaslat In dettmlnlsg th« piopar olasslfloatlon of astabliahmant*, •eob racpoodant «&■ rcquaatad to glTa tha usual 
nam* or daalgoatlon by whleli tha bualnaaa aaa Icnoiin to tha trads or public. In addition, ba ma aalcad to nam* tba principal 
Unas of merchandlaa sold or handled, la tba ordar of thalr Importance, baaed upon net aalea for 1935. Tha Information 
supplied In tha reply to these ln<iuirlea together with the analyaia of sales by commodities serred to determine the proper 
kind-of-bualnesa claaalf Icatlon for the eetabllstiaBnt. In general, the major Icind-of-bualnesa clasalf Icatlon was arrlred 
at through the trale deelgnatlon, ohlle the linea of merobandiae or commodities handled determined the more detailed classi- 
fication. Sstabllsbmenta engaged in more than one kind of bualiissa were classified according to the line that predominated 
during tha year 1935. 

Although the kind of buaineaa Is predicated in part upon tba coranodities handled, It must not be confused with the 
oonmoditles thansalTes, as moat establiahiMnta handle laora than a single commodity or line of merchandise. For exaa^lSi 
wholesale grocers frequently ssll drug items, papar goods and tobacco products, while hardware wholesalers sell autonotlTe 
parts, wiring supplies, sporting goods or radios. An analysis of sales by eonmodltlae Is presented In Toluae Till. (For a 
list of the kinds of business in detail together with their 1933 equivalents, see egppendlz.) 



Vol. I - Page 47 



CHAPTER IV 
EXPLANATION OF TERMS AND TABLES 

As an Bid to undarstBCdlng the data prssanted In the wholaaale reports, explanations of the rarlous tarns and tables 
are glTso In this chapter. 

EXPLANATION OF TERMS 

I^^Liyft"^ "^T/R' JSHMEWre. --Wholesale establishments, as the term Is used here, are places of business engaged primarily 
In selling, or acting as agents in purchasing or selling, goods on a wholesale basis. In addition to the conventional types 
of wholesalers, the number Includes producer-controlled selling branches an- offices, agents and brokers, bulk tank stations 
and assemblers of farm products with established places of business* 

Selling on a wholesale basis is selling primarily to retailers. Institutions, Industrial users and other wholesale or- 
ganizations, for resale, or further processing or business use, rather than for personal or household consumption. Sales to 
retailers for re-sale constitute slightly less than one-half of total wholesale distribution. 

For census purposes, the number of wholesalers does not Include peddlers or others selling at wholesale without recog- 
nizable places of business; nor establishments engaged In wholesaling as a secondary actlTlty; nor central or adnlnlstratlTe 
offices of wholesale concerns when reported as separate establishments. Wholesaler-retailers are included if more than half 
of their business Is at wholesale. In the case of a multi-unit organization, each establishment was counted separately. 

NET SALES. — The term net sales is used in the census to Include total receipts from the sale of merchandise or senrlces, 
end frcm other sources In the nonnal operation of the business. Sales taxes are Included. The value of goods returned by, 
or allowances made to, custccers has been deducted. 

Some wholesale establishments are engeged primarily in buying or assembling goods, the selling phase being incidental 
or non-eiistent , inasmuch as such purchases may be made for parent organizations or for clients. Brokers, too, may represent 
buyers rather than sellers. Consequently, the term net sales Includes the purchases made by country buyers of farm products 
end by other buying agents, es well as the actlTltles of agents and brokers operetlng on a ccmmlsslon basis, irrespective of 
whether they represented clients who are selling or buying. However, no transaction has bean counted mora than once; that 
is, either the purchasing phase was considered or the selling phase. 

In the case of agents and brokers operating on a cosunlsslon basis, it was sometimes necessary to compute net sales on 
the basis of sverage corSLission rstes or fees charged. These rates or fees either were reported by the agents and brokers 
concerned, or were obtained through e cooputation of such rates and comnlsslons reported by other agents and brokers operat- 
ing in 8 similar manner in the same geogrephlc division of the United States. This method was necessitated by the fact that 
many agents and brokers maintain records only of comsisslons received and do not have actual figures covering the value of 
goods bought or sold for their principals. It Is the value of the goods, rather than the coapensatlon paid to the broker, 
which is reported in this census. 

CREDIT SAT.T'-'^ (TABLE 6) . — Each establishment was requested to report under this Inquiry of the schedule, the part of Its 
total business which was done on s credit basis; 1. e., sales made on weekly terms, on e 10-day basis, 30-day basis, end-of- 
month terms, sales on the lnstallir.ent plan, or any other besls that did not Involve the immedlete peyment of cash on receipt 
of goods. C. 0. D. sales are classed for purposes of the census as cash salss. The tent "credit sales" covers all sales 
made on any basis other than strictly cash on delivery. 

S^T.F.q ANALYZED BY CLASSES 0? CUSTOMERS ( TABLE 7 ) . — Most establishments analyzed total net sales by classes of euBt<aners. 
In many cases, however, perticularly for petroleum and Its products, the amount under this heading represents net sales with 
certain deductions, such as: sales, turn-over, gasoline and other ccniDOdity taxes and, in some instances, receipts frcci ser- 
vices. 

SALES TO RgrAIL£RS. --Svery reporting establishment was requested to report the ectual aoount of goods sold to re- 
tailers for resale. For the purpose of this Inquiry the terc retailer is used as described in the Census of Retail 
Distribution.* The term "seles to retailers" presumably excludes purchases made by retellers of such Items as machin- 
ery, equipment or supplies which are bought for use In the conduct of the business, rather than for resale. 

SATF.q TO HQUSIBOLD CCNSCMERS. --The emount reported under this classification represents sales of wholesale estab- 
lishments at retail.* 

SALES TO DrongTRIAL USERS . — These are sales made by wholesele estoblishments to manufacturers, oil well ccmpanies, 
nine operators, railroads, public utilities, institutions, etc. They consist largely of goods bought for business 
use, such as machinery, equipment, supplies and raw materials, rather than goods for resale In the same form. 

S^Tyq TO WHOLSSALS ORCAMIZATIOKS . — Under this Inquiry each wholesale estebllshment wes asked to report seles to 
other wholesale establishments as defined above. The data under this item show the amount of duplication In whole- 
sale trade, 1. e., the extent to which goods are sold by one wholesale establishment to another Involving two or 
more wholesaling transactions releting to identical products. 

EQHaRT SALBS TO BUYERS IN FOREIGN COUOTRIES .— As the tem Indicates, the emount represents sales to buyers who 
do not maintain estebllshed places of business In the United States. It is the dtmestic value of goods purchased 
from wholesale establishments for export. 

CCMiODITY SALES ( TABLE 6 ) ■ — Each establishment was requested to report Its sales by cccimodltlee or lines of nerchandlee. 
CODsnodlty sales data are presented in Volume VIII only. 

groCKS ON HAND [TABLE 1) .— The Inventory value (at cost) of all merchandise on hand for resale at the ena of the year 
1935 is Included. The amount Includes merchandise held on consignment as well as goods owned. 

* For definition of retail terms, see Census of Business: 193S; Retail Distribution, Volume I. 



Vol. I - Page 48 



EMPLOYMENT TERMS 

AOTin PROPMJrOia (tables l. E amp i) .— The nuBbar of aatlre propriatora Inoludaa owsara or partnera of unlncorporatad 
bualnsaaaa daTOting tha major portion of thalr tlma to tha operation of tha bualnaaa. Although tbay are aetlraly engaged In 
the bualnaaa, their number la not Included In tha count of aaiplojraaa, nor la thalr compenaatlon Included in pay K>11. Ix- 
eeutlTea of corporatlona are alaaalfled as anployeea, not aa proprletor-omera. 

BCIOTMS.— Thla tarn inoludaa the nuiabar of full-tiaa and part-time paid aaployaea of aholaaala eatabllahmanta, in- 
cluding aalarled corporation offieera and azeoutlTea. Tha average la arrlTod at by totalling tha number reported monthly 
(for the pay period ending neareat the 15th of each month) and dlTldlog tha aum by IE. Actlra proprletora and flia maabara 
of unincorporated businaaaea ore not Included in the count of aaployeea. 

roiX-TOnt jHD PABT-TIMK BtPLOYEBB (TABLB3 3A AHD 3B) .— For the purpoaaa of thla inquiry, reepondanta ware raquaatad to 
report peraona regularly working four or more houra per day, or more than three full daya per week, aa full-tima employeea, 
and all othera aa part-time tniployeea. NeTerthelaaa , there ia acais orarlapping between full-time and part-tijoe amploymant 
due to lack of cotoaon uaaga of terma. The tem part-time aiployaea is frequently uaad, particularly in the aaaaonal tradaa, 
with reference to persona engaged for a fraction of the year rather than a part of the week. Except for the fam produota 
trade, howeTer, it ia thought that the amount of OTerlappiog reprasenta a negligible portion of the total. 

BlPLCiYMmT AND PAY ROLL BY OecqPATIONAL GR0nP3 (TABLE SB) . --In order to prOTide a better understanding of employnant 
and pay roll of wholesale estebliahmenta, each reapondant was aaked to elaaaify hie (Bployaaa by occupational groups, full- 
time and part-time anployeea separately. Data on the number of employees and pay roll for one week were obtained for the 
following groups: ezecutlTea and salaried oorporation offieera; offioe and clerical employeea; inaide selling eavloyees; 
outside selling employees; warehouse employees; and other a^loyeea. Where an employee performed a Tarlety of functions and 
could thus be identified with more than one group, the respondent was instructed to elaaaify him on the basia of tha func- 
tion requiring the major portion of hia time in 1935. 

TCECOTITBg. — This group includes two types of employees: (a) salaried officers of corporations, such as the presi- 
dent, Tlce-president, secretary and treasurer of the corporation, tha general auditor and other persons appointed by 
the board of directors; (b) other hired ezecutlTes, such as office managers, salea managers, credit managers and others 
who devote the major portion of their time to responsible administratlTe and superrisory duties. 

QgnCE At m (TT.-gRTr.tT.. — Here are included stenographers, office secretaries, bookkeepers, accountants, clerks and 
other so-called "white-collar workara', except warehouse and shipping clerks. 

INSIDE 3ELLING. — House salesaen and othera devoting all or the major part of their time inside the establiabment 
meeting prospective customers and making sales, ineludiag sales by telephone and mall, are Included here. 

0OT3IDE SELLING . —Thl s group includes traveling or road salaaoan, md specialty salesmen who operate from the aa- 
tabllsbment as headquarters but lAo spend a minor portion of their tlma inside. Both ccamission and salaried sales- 
man are included. Uanufecturers' agents and eCDbination salesmen or other sales representatives who are in business 
for tbeonselves, however, are excluded. 

WAMBDHas mPLOYSES . — The term includes persons engaged at the warehouse or in the stockroom, such aa warehouse 
supervisors, shipping clerks, stockmen, packers, loaders, etc. Biployees handling goods which are stored outside are 
claased aa other employees. 

{jiniM BflPLOYSES. — In general, two types of snployees are included under this classification: (a) thoae perfom- 
ing duties which could not properly be classified elsewhere (maintenance employeea, char-wcDien, elevator operators, 
truck drivers, yard amployees, salvage eaiployaas, service men, etc); (b) those perfoming functions falling within 
two or more of the cl ass if 1 cations described above, no one of which dcminated. The latter is particularly tnia of 
amaller houaea where employees divide their time emong ssvsral activities, such as inside selling, warehoueisg and 
delivering. 

REPRESHfTAJIVE WEEK. — For the purpoees of reporting employees and pay roll by occupational elaasea, tha week ending 
October ^6 wee selected as fairly representative for wholesale trede. It was recognized, however, that for certain seasonal 
businesses October is a month of low employnsnt. Such businesses were requested to report one week of normal employment dur- 
ing their ective season. In most such cases thla was interpreted as meaning the week of maxlinuB or near-maximum anploymant. 
Inasmuch aa each establishment engaged in a aeasonal business reported for its busy season, the totals as shown for one mek 
in Table 3A are in excess. In general, of the number of anployeea for any one month as shown in Table Z. The fact that the 
repreaentative week chosen was in the month of October, a month of high employment, is also a contributing factor to this 
difference, which does not detract from the primary purpose of the occupational analysis. 

EXPENSE TERMS 

PAY ROU.. — Pay roll ia the total oonpensation (salarisi, wages, bonuses end commissions) paid to aployees during the 
year. It includes no conpensation for proprietors and firm members. The total is analyzed to ahow payments to full-tlma 
and part-time employees separately. 

gPKRATING EgENSES (TOTAL) (TABLE 5) .— The total includes all expenses incurred during the year 1935 by the reporting 
establishments. It covers total pay roll, as well as other expenses incident to the operation of the business. The amount 
does not include charges to capital accounts, cost of goods sold, nor inccne taxes. In the eaae of unincorporated busi- 
nesses, no compensation la included for the aervices of proprietors and firm members. 

jtfMrrT. yrRATTTE EXPENSES . — This daaaifi cation insludes general administrative expenses not chargeeble directly to 
any one expense division. In general, it includes executives' and officers* salariss and expenses; office salariea; 
auperintendency; office supplies and stationery; postage, telephone and telegraph; professional services (legal and 
auditing); taxes (local and State), except incoiM and sale* taxes; depreciation (furniture and fixtures); dues, sub- 
scriptions and donationa; collection ezpenaes, etc. 



SELLIIIG ro'EN3E3. --The respondent was instructed to include here all direct expenses incurred in selling the 
chandiae. Proviaion wee made for ahowlng delivery expenses, as defined below, separately. Selling expenaea Include 



Vol. I - Page 49 

suoh it<Bia as seleamen's ealariea, eoDnlssloiis and bonuses; salesman's trarellng expenses; salaries of house salesmen; 
•dTertislng; Insul^anoe and depreciation on salemnen's automobile''. 

DELivm<Y siria^SS. — DellTery expenses Include costs Incurred In transferring the merchandise from the warehouse or 
place of storage to the customer, suoh as outward freight, express, parcel post, trucking and Insurance on loerehandlse 
being delivered. 

JARiaoirSE EXPElOEa . — Here are included the costs of operating the warehouse or stockrooo, such as salaries of ware- 
house employees, and boxing and packing costs* 

OCCnPAMCT jm'magS. — This group Includes all expenses arising from the use and maintenance of the store buildings, 
fixtures and equljiiient. It Includes maintenance labor, heating, light, power and water. Where the premises ore not 
owned, rent is included. Respondents owning the premises which they occupy were Instructed to include such items as 
building repairs and supplies, Insurance and taxes on building, and depreciation on building. No establishment was 
Inoluded in the analysis of operating expenses unless an eoount appeared under this Inquiry. 

The proper distinction betmen warehouse and occupancy expenses was in many cases difficult to moke. Particularly 
was this true where all the actlTltles were boused In one building and where it was necessary to allocate expenses. 
Also, the question of yard storage was scnawhat confusing, as sctne respondents Included such cost under warehouse ex- 
penses, while others considered them occupancy. It is thought, howeTer, that for most kinds of business the amount 
of overlapping represents only a minor portion of the totel for either classification. 

Ortum EXVmiSES. — Kespondents were instructed to include here those operating expenses not classified above, such 
as interest on bonk loans, losses from bad debts, etc. 

LEGAL POai OF ORGANIZATION (TABLE 9) .—Wholesale establishments are classified by legal form as Individual proprietor- 
ships, partnerships, corporations and "all other". Incorporated cooperative associations are included with corporations, 
while those whlcb are unincorporated are included In "all other". "All other" also includes ccnmon-law trusts, joint stock 
ccEipanies and a few establishments for whlcb the exact legal form could not be determined. 

AUXILIARY UKITS. — Many wholesale organizations maintain central or administrative offices, warehouses or other company 
service units apart from their selllnj^ establishments. Whore the employment, pay roll, expenses, etc. of these "auxiliary 
units" could not properly be Included with those for wholesale establishments, a separate report was requested. The data 
from such reports are tabulated in Tables IDA and lOB only. Although It is not their primary function, some of these units 
do some selling. 

MARmrriNG 0NIT3 . — with reference to Table lOB, the terms marketing unit and wholesale establishment are used synony- 
mously. 

MOLTI-UNIT ORGANIZATIONS (TABLE 10B1 .--More than one wholesale establishment under a single ownership Is considered a 
multi-unit organization. The establishments may not be of the same typo of operation nor In the same kind of business, 
hence the term Is not synonymous with "wholesale chain". In Table lOB the multi-unit businesses are grouped according to 
the number of establishments under a single ownership; such establishment may be located in a single conmiunity or State or 
in several cccnunltles throughout the country. 

DISCLOSURE or IKDmDPAL OPERATIONS. — The Bureau of the Census is prohibited by law fron publishing statletiCB which 
might disclose data for individual eatebllshmsnts or ownership groups. For this reason it has been necessary to withhold a 
limited amount of Information. In some cases an "X" is substituted for the mount withheld, while in other cases the data 
which cannot be shown separately are combined with the indefinite "all other" classification. In general figures are given 
separately for three or more establishments or ownership groups. 

CITIES OF MORE THAN 500 .000 POroLATION (13 LAHCS3T CITIgS) .— In the Wholesale Census the cities are selwcted on the 
basis of their population in 1930. The cities having In that year a population of more than 500,000 are: 

New York City Detroit St. Louis Pittsburgh 

Chicago Los Angeles Baltimore San Francisco 

Philadelphia Cleveland Boston Milwaukee 

Buffalo 

EXPLANATION OF TABLES 

The United States suammry for each of the tables described below le reproduced In this volume. Detailed Information by 
areas may be found In the various volumes referred to by number. 

TABLE 1 - SALES. KXPTOSES. PgRSONUEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS. BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS. — In this table 
the basic data for wholesale establishments are presented by types of operation and by kinds of business. In Volume II the 
Information Is presented by types of operation and kinds of buainsss for each of the States and for 25 selected wholesale 
trade centers. For States the data are shown first by types of operation in detail and then for each of the 6 functional 
type-groups by 29 klnd-of -business groups. In the case of cities, the data are shown for each of the 6 type-groups by 148 
kinds of business. In Tables lA and IS (Volume IV) the basic data are presented for the various kinds of business of full- 
service and limited-function wholesalers, by States. Table lA shows number of establishments, net sales, operating ex- 
penses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for the 29 klad-of -business groups. Table IB presents number of establishments, net 
sales, personnel and total pay roll for 142 kinds of business. The data are shown by geographic divisions and States, In- 
sofar as possible without disclosing Individual operations. 

Table 1, as shown In this summary volume. Is In two parts. The first part presents the data for the Uhlted States as a 
whole by types of operation In detail, while the second analyzes each of the types of operation by kinds of business. The 
Information la the second part does not appear In similar form in any other volume. It shows in what fields each of the 
types of operation Is found and Tumlshes a measure of their liiq)Ortance therein. For most types of operation. It has been 
necessary to restrict the date to klnd-of -business groups. 



Vol. 1 - Page 50 



Th« £5 Isadlag wholaial* trad* oantcra aara Mlaotad on the bail* of their net ■alee In 1933. Arranged alphabetlaelly, 
they are as followa: 

Atlanta Detroit Newark 

Baltimore Denver New Orleans 

Boston Houaton New Tork 

Buffalo Indianapolis Omaha 

Chloago Kansas Cltjr, Ho. Philadelphia 

Clnelonatl Los Angeles Pittsburg 

ClsTeland Ullwaukee St. Louis 

Dallas lUnneapolls and San rranolsee 

St. Paul Seattle 

TABLE 2 (TOLUMH 7) - MOOTHLY BgLqaiffln'. — The number of employees by months and the aTerags for the year are glTsn In 
Table Z by kinds of business. The number of proprietors end fins members is also shown In order to prOTlde a nor* ooaplet* 
picture of the personnel of wholesale establishments. The Infomation Is presented in siomary for the Tlhlted States, for 6 
types of operation, each by 29 klnd-of-buslnees groups. For States and for 13 cities harlng more than 500,000 population, 
the data are shown by 29 klnd-of-buslnees groups, all types of operation combined. The statistics oontained in this table 
provide a measure of the seasonal variation In employment in wholesale establishments for the year 1935. 

The number of employees by months represents the paid personnel of wholesale establishments working during the pa7 per- 
iod ending nearest the ISth of each month. It includes executives and salaried corporation officers and saleaaen on a c(a- 
mission basis, but it excludes proprietors and finn members of unincorporated businesses. 

TABLES 3A AND 3B (VOUKS T) - BgLOYMEWT AND PAI HOLL TOR ONE WEBC. — Tables 3A and 33 present data on employment and pay 
roll of wholesale establishrasnts for one week of 1935. In general, the figures are for the period ending October 26. For 
highly seasonal businesses, however, figures for one week of nomal employment during the active season are Included. Ertab- 
llstaments having no paid employees, and a few for which no representative week could be detemlned, are excluded frcm the 
tabulations. 

In Table 3A, the number of employees and pay roll, fxU.l-tlme and part-time separately, are given for selected types of 
operation. In addition, the number of establishments end the number of full-time employeee and their pay roll are given 
separately for those establishments which could and those which sould not supply infomation by occupational groups. In 
Table 33, the Infonnatlon is given for those establishments which reported employment and pay roll for one week by occu- 
pational groups. In this part of the table the number of full-time executives, and the number and pay roll of full-tlas of- 
fice and clerical, Inside selling, outside selling, warehouse and other employees are shown separately. 

The information in both tables is presented in summary for the United States, for States, and for the 13 cities having 
a population of over 500,000, For the country as a whole, the data are shown for full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers, manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks), bulk tank stations and 
agents and brokers, each type by 29 klnd-of -business groups. For States and cities, they are shown separately for full-ser- 
vice and limited-function wholesalers, manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), manufacturers' sales offices (without 
stocks) and agents and brokers, but without reference to kinds of business. 

Both tables are limited to selected types of operation. No Information is given for assemblers and country buyers, and 
bulk tank stations are shown in summary for the United States only. The employees of assemblers do not lend themselves 
readily to this type of classification, as a large portion of them are eeiployed only a short period of the year, usually not 
more than three months, and perform a variety of activities without much specialization. Because they work only during the 
active season, tbey are often thought of as part-time employees even though they may work 40 hours or more per week. In the 
case of bulk tank stations, a number of national marketers were able to supply the desired information in summary only and 
not on a State or city basis. Hence, the figures are shown in sunmary for the United States only. 

Pay roll for executives Is omitted frcm the table. While It is possible to obtain approximate figures. It Is thought 
that they do not furnish reliable comparisons on a weekly wage basis. 

In Table 33, pay roll is given by occupational groups when the total number of employees to be analyzed exceeds 300. 
This number provides a fairly reliable base for determining weekly wages of the various occupational groups and penults sona 
information to be shown for each of the States. 

TABLE 4 (70HME VI) - SALES AND BCPEN3BS BY BU3IHEB3-SIZE GROUPS. — The number of establishments, net sales and total 
operating expenses for the various kinds of business of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors ccobined are ana- 
lyzed by business-size groups (based upon net sales) in Table 4. To make the data more useful, operating expenses are also 
expressed as a percent to net sales. Data are presented for each of the 29 klnd-of -business groups by geographic divisions 
and for the 13 largest cities for the following six sizs groups! 

GROUP NUMBSR BDSPgSS-SIZE CROUP 

I Net sales under $50,000 

II Net sales of t50,000 to $99,999 

III Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

IT Ret sales of $200,000 to $499,999 

T Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 

71 Net sales of $1,000,000 and over 

For the United States as a whole, the data are given for 142 kinds of business and the number of size groups has been 
Increased from six to nine as follows: 

GROUP Nn^ si^ Busprass-sna group 

I Net sales under $10,000 

II Net sales of $10,000 to $49,999 

III Net sales of $50,000 to $99,999 

17 Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

7 Net sales of $200,000 to $£99,999 

71 Net sales of $300,000 to $499,999 

711 Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 

7III Net sales of $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

IX Net sales of $2,000,000 and over 



Vol. I - Page 51 



Tabls 4 gives, for th« Tarloua kinds of business, the giogrephls looatlon of ataolesals msrohaats and Industrial distri- 
butors by size of business. It shows for each trade, for exaople, where the larger houses are located, and permits a study 
of their operating expenses and the percent of the total business done by then. This table permits the comparison for each 
area of operating costs of small and large eatabllshmonts In a given trade. It also Indicates differences existing between 
trade groups as to sTarage size of eetablishment and operating costs and, for soma kinds of business, points out the optima 
size beyond which expenses do not decrease with further Increases In Tolume of sales. 

TABLS 5 (TOIXao: n) - ANALYSIS OF OPERATDC KHTgN3B3 BY rPMCTIOSAL DIVISIONS.— Table 5 analyzes the operating expenses 
of wholesale merchants and Industrial distributors by functional dlTlslons. For the purposes of this tabulation, each whole- 
sale merchant or Industrial distributor whose sales In 1935 exceeded $50,000 was requested to report admlnlstratlTe, selling, 
dellTery, warehouse, occupancy and other expenses separately. It was found, howwTer, that the expense accounts of most es- 
tablishments whose business anounted to less than $100,000 could not readily be classified as abore. For this reason, the 
data In Table 5 are limited to establishments with sales of $100,000 or more. As a number of houses rtose sales exceeded 
$100,000 wore likewise unable to classify their accounts Into the six functional dlTlslons, the number of establishments for 
whloh an analysis Is given In Table 5 Is scoawhat less than the total number. The table, therefore, presents the number, 
net sales and operating expenses for ell establishments with sales In excess of $100,000 In addition to the Information for 
those reporting an analysis of operating expenses. 

In general, establishments not reporting all classes of expenses are ooilttad from the analysis. Exceptions were made 
in the case of dellTery expenses and, for those trades where yard storage Is ccniaon, In the case of warehouse expenses. No 
establishment Is Included which failed to report some occupancy expenses. This rule was followed In order to eliminate 
those concerns which owned their premises but which failed to report expenses somewhet comparable to rent. 

The deta are presented In summary for the Dhlted States for 142 kinds of business. For some trades, they are further 
analyzed by the following buslnesa-slze groups. 

OROnP NDMBER B0SD«33-SIZE GROTJP 

I Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

II Net sales of $200,000 to $299,999 

III Net sales of $300,000 to $499,999 

17 Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 

T Net sales of $1,000,000 and OTer 

TABLE 6 (TOIIHE 711) - CREDIT SAL3B.--The extent to which full-serrlce and limited-function wholesalers and manufac- 
turers' sales branches engage In selling on a credit basis Is shown In Table 6. The Information Is presented In summary for 
the united States for the two type-groups by 142 kinds of business. For the 9 geographic dlTlslons and 13 largest cities, 
the data are shown by 29 klnd-of -business groups, for full-ssrTlce and limited-function wholesalers only. The statistics 
contained In this table Indicate the degree to which these types of wholesale establishments perform the function of financ- 
ing business by extending credit to retailers, to Industrial users, and to other idiolesale organizations to whom they sell. 

Since soma of the wholesale establishments did not operate on a credit basis and others felled to report on this Item, 
data on credit sales are presented In Table 6 only for establishments reporting soiu credit business. In the first two col- 
unns of the table are shown the number and net sales of all estsbllshments, Including also those selling entirely for cash 
and others which failed to report definitely whether they sold for cash or credit. The remaining columns relate only to 
establishments reporting credit sales for 1935. For these establishments, the number, net sales (cash and credit) and the 
amount of credit sales are glTen together with the percent of credit business. 

TABLE 7 (TOLaa: 7H) - PiarRIBOTICN of sales by classes of CUSTOMERS. --The extent to which wholesalers sell to retail- 
ers, to household consumers, to Industrial users, to other wholesalers, and for export to buyers In foreign countries Is 
shown In this table. The statistics are presented In smsuary for the United States, for the 9 geographic dlTlslons and for 
the 13 cities haTing more than 500,000 population In 1930. For the United States as a idiole, the data are shown for 6 func- 
tional type-groups by 142 kinds of business, while for the geographic divisions and the 13 largest cities, they are present- 
ed for the 6 types by 29 klnd-of -business groups. Naturally, there Is considerable Tarlatlon In the extent to which the 
different wholesale establishments, type and kind, sail to the Tarlous classes of eustccers. 

Hot all ths establlsha^nts reported the distribution at their sales, partly because of Inadequate records. The table 
shows, for each type and kind, the number of establishments and net sales of all establishments; and then presents analysis 
of sales for those reporting a distribution by classes of customers. For the latter group, It shows the total soles ana- 
lyzed, and a dlTlslon between sales In the domestic market and export sales to buyers In foreign countrlee. The domestic 
business Is dlTlded Into sales to retailers for resale, to household consumers, to Industrial users and to other whole- 
salers. From these data It Is possible, among other things, to determine the amount of duplication In the totel wholesale 
figures due to the fact that some establishments sell to other wholesale organizations. 

TABLE 8 (70U]ME 7III CULT) - CCmODITY SALES. — Data on sales by conmodltles or lines of merchandise are found In 7olumB 
Tin only. The Information Is shown by trades for 100 major conaodlty lines, Including service receipts, many of which are 
BubdlTlded Into more detailed oanrntodlty Items. 

TABLE 9 170IiaiE I ONLY) - LEQAL FOHJS OF OR ijj^'Tiy^ffU'H r "'''" Table 9 wholesale establishments are classified by legal 
forms of organization as IndlTldual proprietorships, partnerships, corporations or "other". The number of establishments, 
net sales, operating expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for each form of organization are shown for the 6 major types 
of operation. The table Is presented In sunsary for the United States only. 

TABLE lOA (70LDIg I ONLY) - AimLIAHY UNITS OF WHOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS. — Data for auxiliary units of wholesale estab- 
lishments are shown by Ststes. The net sales, operating expenses, personnel and pay roll as shown In this table are In ad- 
dition to those IncltUed In Table 1. 

TABLE lOB [70UME I ONLY) - OWNERSHIP GROUPS. — This teble presents Infomatlon concerning ownership groups operating 
In the wholesale field. It shows the number, net sales, operating expenses, personnel and pay roll of suoh organizations, 
classified by number of establishments under one ownership. The organizations haTs bean grouped on the basis of the number 
of wholesale establishments under e single ownership es follows: 



Vol. 1 - Page 52 



1 •itablisbnant only 
8 •(tabllabnants 
3 to 5 •Btabllabnenti 
6 to S sstebllabBsnta 
10 to 14 aatabllalBaDta 



15 to £4 eitabllatnunts 
£5 to 49 aatabllalBisiita 
50 to 99 aatabllabmanta 
100 aatabllshBanta and orar 
Ccmlaslon bulk tank atatlona. 



For each group, th« total number of organizations or ownerahlpe Is shom together wltb the number of establlabmants, net 
sales, operating expenses, and pay roll. In addition to the Information for the irtiolesale establishments, 1. a., sstabliab- 
mants engaged primarily in the marketing of goods at abolesale, data are giren separately for the auxiliary units. The lat- 
ter includes central or admlnistratlTe of floes, warehouaas and other serriee units apart frcD idiolesale establishments but 
which are necessary adjuncts to the aholasale operations. Data for these auxiliary units are shown in Tables lOA and lOB 
only. 

Due to their uniciue fom of organization and operation (see definition), conBisaion bulk tank stations are shown sep- 
arately. 

TABU 11 (VOLDME I GNU) - SAUS BY RBTAILERS TO OTHER RBTAIUR3 . — Thi s table shows the value of merchandise sold by re- 
tailers to other retailers on a idiolesale basis, or the extent to which retailers engage in sesoi-Jobbing. The sales data 
ara glTen for 12 kiad-of -business classifications by States. The extent to which wholesalers are engaged in selling to re- 
tailers is shown in Table 7 under the column headed "sales to household consumers". 

TABLE 12A (TOLOKE III) - CITISS OF MORE THAN 50.000 PaPIJLATION. --Data on the number of establishments, net sales, pro- 
prietors, employees and total pay roll are analyzed for each city of more than 50,000 population by 6 types of operation and 
29 kinds of business in Table 12A. 



TABLE 12B {VOUMS III) - CrTIES OF 20.000 TO 50.000 P0PUIATION. --In this table the nimber of establishments, net sales, 
proprietors, employees and total pay roll are analyzed for each city of 20,000 to 50,000 population by 29 kinds of businaas, 
all types of operation combined. 

TABLE 13 (70LOME III) - CITIES AND C0DNTIE3 . — In Table 13 the nmber of establishments, net sales, proprietors, employ- 
ees and total pay roll are presented in total for each State, each county, each city of more than 5,000 population and the 
remainder of each county. 



Vol. 1 - Page 53 



TABLES 



National summaries of the various tables on 
Wholesale Distribution are given hereinafter as follows: 



Page 

Table 1. --Sales, Expenses, Personnel, Pay Roll and Stocks, 

By States and by Types of Operation and Kinds of Business 55 

Table 2. --Monthly Employment by States 75 

Monthly Employment by Types of Operation and Kinds of Business.. 77 

Table 3A. --Analysis of Weekly Employment and Pay Roll 80 

Table 3B. --Number and Pay Roll of Full-Time Employees Analyzed 

by Occupational Groups 81 

Table 4. --Sales and Expenses by Business-Size Groups 

for Wholesale Merchants and Industrial Distributors Combined.... 84 
Table 5. — Analysis of Operating Expenses 

for ^Tiolesale Merchants and Industrial Distributors Combined 

by Kinds of Business 92 

Table 6. --Credit Sales of Full-Service and Limited-Function Wholesalers 

by Kinds of Business 97 

Table 7. — Distribution of Sales by Classes of Customers 

by Types of Operation and Kinds of Business 104 

Table 8. --Commodity Sales (presented in Volume VIII only) 

Table 9. --Legal Forms of Organization, Presenting Sales, Expenses, 

Personnel, Pay Roll and Stocks by Types of Operation 

and Legal Forms of Organization 119 

Table lOA. --Auxiliary Units of Wholesale Organizations, Showing Sales, 

Expenses, Employees and Pay Roll of Auxiliary Units by States... 120 
Table lOB. --Ownership Groups, Presenting Number, Net Sales, Operating 

Expenses, Employees and Pay Roll of 'AQiolesale Organizations 

classified by Number of Establishments Under One Ownership 121 

Table 11. --Sales Made by Retailers to Other Retailers, by 

Kinds of Business , by States 122 



















Vol. I 


- Page 55 


CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll* 




Strwifft r\r\ 




of 


Net 


expenses 


proprie- 


(full-lime 


(add 000) 




hand, end 


DiVlSION AND STATE 


ulab- 
Uah- 


•alei 


(including 
pay Toll ^ 


'nnc an/4 


and part- 








lui* ana 
firm 


time). Avg. 
for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


of year 




ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 








(add 000) 












1/ 


y 


1/ 


1/ 


u 


UIIITiS) STATE 
Connecticut 


176.756 


142.802.913 


»4a«S.480 


97,228 


1.260.563 


12^022.262 


B..9 76^57 


145.985 


PJ06.609 


9.580 


2.528.497 


265,606 


5,166 


81,521 


134.822 


132.266 


2.556 


189.384 


1,481 


306,078 


39,481 


766 


12,727 


20,353 


19,959 


394 


89,928 


Maine 


970 


127,840 


17,225 


504 


6.271 


8,427 


8,215 


212 


13,208 


Massachusetts 


5,739 


1,806,346 


173,736 


3,215 


51,888 


90,110 


88,480 


1,630 


122,483 


New Hampshire 


363 


54,069 


6,662 


172 


2,149 


3,044 


2,979 


66 


4,686 


Rhode Island 


683 


180,597 


21,307 


369 


6,328 


9,936 


9,738 


198 


14,352 


Venaoat 


344 


53,567 


7,295 


140 


2,158 


2,952 


2,895 


57 


4,727 


IUDDLE AIL&NTIC 
Nav Jersey 


40.392 


14,296,623 


1,364.970 


25.436 


351.555 


662.736 


653,720 


9,016 


974.215 


3,025 


708,645 


90,195 


1,570 


26,386 


43,225 


42,537 


688 


51,634 


New York 


26,915 


10,846,966 


1,005,722 


16,626 


243,120 


487,139 


481,271 


5,868 


762,525 


Penneylvania 


10,452 


2,741,012 


269,053 


7,240 


82,049 


132,372 


129,912 


2,460 


170,066 


E&ST NORTE CfflnSAl 
Illinois 


35,638 


8.709.015 


836.217 


19.732 


262.920 


428.040 


419,809 


8,231 


501.319 


12,009 


3,937.609 


355,797 


6,6U 


104,740 


182,989 


180,093 


2,896 


195,190 


Indiana 


4,333 


654,917 


64,391 


2,183 


23,263 


32,469 


31,781 


688 


41,874 


Michigan 


6,065 


1,410,767 


132,112 


3,580 


41,587 


65,653 


64,182 


1,471 


75,086 


Ohio 


9,086 


2,028,552 


211,260 


5,323 


68,394 


109,535 


107,237 


2,298 


154,047 


Wisconsin 


4,145 


677,170 


72,667 


2,035 


24,936 


37,394 


36,516 


878 


56,122 


WIST NORIH CaJTRAL 
Iowa 


29.526 


4.786.928 


431.691 


13.745 


144,219 


a08.7S8 


204,193 


4.565 


373.649 


5,063 


627,795 


51,254 


2,619 


19,753 


26,516 


24,693 


822 


36,163 


Kansas 


4,621 


398,387 


34,093 


2,076 


12,726 


16,125 


15,634 


491 


28,801 


Minnesota 


5,695 


1,188,413 


102,970 


2,585 


32,079 


49,564 


48,505 


1,059 


112,222 


Missouri 


6,691 


1,811,544 


179,001 


3,740 


56,576 


87,798 


86,477 


1,321 


144,979 


Nebraska 


3,122 


527,719 


37,672 


1,603 


13,672 


17,892 


17,399 


493 


89,167 


North Dakota 


2,435 


133,808 


14.334 


588 


4,935 


6,395 


6,194 


801 


12,636 


South Dakota 


1,899 


99,262 


12,267 


534 


4,478 


5,469 


5,291 


178 


9,688 


SOtHH AUANnC 
Delaware 


15.367 


3.406.153 


328,566 


8.546 


117.143 


164.894 


149.881 


5,013 


278.968 


262 


106,300 


10,061 


148 


1,899 


3,175 


3,110 


66 


7,057 


District of Columbia 


629 


242,729 


23,993 


327 


8,274 


13,819 


13,641 


178 


13,088 


Tlorlda 


2,239 


399,290 


46,521 


1,005 


18,673 


21,845 


21,028 


817 


29,135 


Georgia 


2,667 


605,272 


58,005 


1,371 


18,444 


25,601 


25,016 


588 


4S,ses 


Maryland 


2,316 


496,017 


51,880 


1,744 


19,164 


28,466 


24,787 


669 


31,981 


North Carolina 


2,458 


555,396 


43,795 


1,460 


16,980 


20,456 


19,212 


1,244 


61,499 


South Carolina 


1,422 


267,122 


17,734 


809 


6,123 


7,630 


7,419 


211 


13,645 


Virginia 


2,123 


502,951 


49,621 


1,065 


18,846 


83,751 


28,813 


938 


68,935 


West Virginia 


1,251 


231,076 


26,956 


617 


8,835 


13,161 


12,855 


306 


80.343 


S&ST SODIE camtAL 
Alabana 


7,594 


1,609,657 


136,436 


4.329 


51.445 


66.345 


62.976 


8.369 


130.068 


1,668 


304,549 


29,750 


920 


10,675 


14,201 


13,909 


292 


22,832 


Kentucky 


2,057 


379,597 


35,391 


1,240 


15,765 


18,041 


16,833 


1,208 


44,255 


Mississippi 


1,243 


179,902 


14,037 


633 


5,076 


6,877 


5,717 


160 


12,426 


Tennessee 


2,626 


745,609 


57,258 


1,536 


19,929 


27,226 


26,517 


709 


50,555 


WEST SOOTH CHITRAL 
Arkansas 


15.056 


2.696.574 


251. 41B 


7.618 


80,237 


107.293 


104.690 


2.603 


267.675 


1,504 


180,309 


16,761 


747 


6,006 


7,347 


7,165 


182 


16,348 


Louisiana 


2,131 


580,260 


55,493 


938 


17,372 


23,873 


23,332 


541 


75,265 


Oklahoma 


3,668 


404,465 


36,221 


1,792 


12,809 


17,603 


17,121 


482 


31,296 


Teias 


7,753 


1,531,540 


142,940 


4,141 


44,050 


58,470 


57,072 


1,398 


144,766 


UODNTAIN 
Arizona 


6.413 


847.030 


88.458 


2.323 


28.615 


41.310 


59.876 


1.434 


66.683 


541 


78,046 


9,347 


239 


2,67ff 


3,922 


3,727 


195 


5,345 


Colorado 


1,884 


324,382 


30,868 


830 


10,102 


18,064 


14,731 


333 


18,782 


Idaho 


954 


82,195 


9,380 


360 


3,372 


4,025 


3,648 


377 


7,678 


Montana 


1,254 


121,641 


11,988 


225 


4,040 


5,904 


5,724 


180 


13,172 


Merada 


158 


15,300 


2,375 


48 


649 


1,060 


1,033 


27 


1,151 


Now Mexico 


397 


45,579 


4,585 


141 


1,433 


2,066 


2,029 


36 


5,355 


Utah 


888 


164,189 


17,049 


357 


5,475 


8,046 


7,794 


252 


12,435 


Wyoming 


337 


25,698 


2,866 


123 


874 


1,224 


1,190 


34 


2,666 


PACiyiC 

Gallfornla 


17.190 


3,922.436 


460.221 


10,330 


142,898 


219,064 


208,926 


10.138 


324.748 


12,342 


2,975,263 


364,902 


8,450 


108,837 


166,749 


168,206 


8,542 


237,943 


Oregon 


1.615 


343.443 


36,550 


674 


11,316 


17,625 


17,075 


550 


31,202 


Washington 


3,233 


603,740 


68,769 


1,206 


22,725 


34,690 


33,645 


1,045 


55,603 



* Include* no comp«n»ation foi propriefora uid finn m«mbef« of unincor|>eratc<l busineM«». \/ Inatmuch %.% i|. wm imor*ctic*bt* lo obtain •mpioymcot wid pky roll far conuiuauon 
bulk lAok tl«iion>, thcaa data mt% not included. 2/ Include! iloelu not owned but held on eoneignncnt v«lu«d et $124,872,000. 



Vol. 1 - Page 56 




















WHOLESALE^DISTRIBUTION; 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 




Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

o( 
estab- 
lish. 
menta 


Net 
sales 

(add 000 j 


Operating Active 
expenses proprie- 
( including (ors and 
pay roll) (imn 
(add 000) nemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll" 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-lime 


Part-time 


TOTALS. 1935: 


176.756 


»42,802,913 


$4,163,480 97.225 1.260.553 12,022,262 |l.976,337 ^5.925 ^,106,609 


STJLL-SHIVICE AND UMTED-FUNCTION 
WHOLESALDiS 
Wholesale merctiaiitB 
Voluntary-group wboleealars 
ConTertera 
KrporterF 
Importers 

Industriil distributors 
Cash and carry wholesalers 
Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 
Mail-order wholesalers 
Retailer-cooperative warehouses 
Wagon distributors 

MAKUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
(With stocks) 

MANUFACTURES' SALES OITICES 
(Without stocks) 

BTJUC TANK STATIONS (PBTROLEDM) 
Independent stations 
Chain-operated stations 
CammlBsion stations 

AOEJTS AND BROOES 
Auction companies 
Brokers 

Conolssion merchants 
Erport agents 
Import agents 
Manufacturers' agents 
Selling agents 
Other agents 

Assmsuss 

Country buyers of fairo products 

Cream stations 

Cooperative marketing associations 

Elevators (grain) 

Packers and shippers 


88,931 


17,661.691 


2,228,347 


51,586 


759,556 


1,162.275 


1,139.130 


23,145 


8,067,649 


77,700 
128 
502 
513 

2,241 

1,633 
577 

1,031 
189 
161 

4,256 

11,634 


14,372,164 
100,569 
284,121 
571,490 
1,068,234 
444,877 

74,152 
365,926 

13,984 
153,398 
212,776 

7,446,014 


1,900,821 54,464 

9,402 33 
24,541 235 
51,598 340 
98,475 1,313 
72,939 309 

3,353 201 
23,545 497 

3,226 151 

9,383 
31,064 4,023 

881,155 299 


661,615 

3,420 

5,634 

7,369 

21,834 

24,724 

12,483 

4,901 

1,188 

3,646 

12,742 

211,880 


1,007,048 

5,481 

12,273 

12,831 

46,461 

41,578 

1,785 

12,252 

1,339 

5,245 

15,982 

402,706 


986,744 

5,442 

12,130 

12,257 

45,947 

41,039 

1,761 

11,869 

1,289 

5,208 

16,444 

398,738 


20,304 

39 

143 

674 

514 

539 

24 

383 

50 

37 

538 

3,968 


1,656,141 

13,444 

46,374 

75,328 

147,738 

94.811 

6,148 

3,511 

2,116 

14,865 

7,173 

596,558 


4,196 


3,620,074 


239,889 


149 


42,895 


106,093 


105.266 


827 




27,333 


2,704,047 


391,095 


3,546 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


157,687 . 


3,880 

17,017 

6,436 

18,147 


298,627 

2,002,546 

402,874 

8,908,076 


37,147 

284,859 

69,089 

256.749 


3,075 
471 

L4,950 


12,901 
78,258 
1/ 

68,285 


17,460 

129,461 

1/ 

129,866 


16,929 

128,032 
1/ 

125,415 


531 
1,429 

4,451 


13,667 

122,718 

21,308 

89,565 


609 
3,922 
3,135 

496 

335 
7,548 
1,712 

390 

26,515 


382,857 

2,889,546 

2,662,491 

276,506 

212,573 

768,619 

1,439,710 

275,774 

2,463,011 


10,692 
39,411 
67,354 
14,638 
10,357 
44,092 
63,412 
6,783 

166,245 


630 

3,255 

2,818 

305 

207 

6,557 

885 

293 

16,695 


6,585 

9,885 

18,298 

3,851 

1,272 

14,300 

11,759 

2,335 

87,378 


6,094 
20,396 
34,104 

6,382 

3,134 
23,995 
31,228 

4,533 

74,401 


4,740 
20,002 
33,089 

6,306 

3,064 
22,906 
30,802 

4,506 

62.827 


1,354 

394 

1.015 

76 

70 

1,089 

426 

27 

11,574 


2,716 

10,810 

30,486 

5,808 

5,478 

12,902 

85,179 

198 

195,150 


10,813 
3,619 
2,117 
8,462 
1.504 


646,147 
29,854 
955,727 
600,363 
230.920 


32,981 
1,479 
60,318 
30,147 
41,320 


10,635 
2,239 

2,751 
1,070 


21,028 
2,232 
22,692 
16,164 
25,262 


14,795 
1,053 
23,406 
15,160 
20,007 


12;584 
882 
20,504 
13,769 
15,088 


2,211 
151 
2,902 
1,391 
4.919 


88,633 

222 

58,557 

41,756 

5,982 


F 


ULL-SERVICE AND 


LIMITED -FUNCTION WHO 


LESALERS 








WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras and motion picture eqpt. t spls. 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 

Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor Tehlolas 
AutcoDOtive equiiment 
Tires and tubes 

Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 

Chemicals and Paints 
OyestuffB 
arlosives 

Industrial chonicala 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 

(continued on next page) 


77.700 


14.372.164 


1,900,821 


54.434 


661,615 


1.007.048 


986,744 


20,304 


1,656,141 


1,015 


107,139 


19,682 


592 


6,540 


11,261 


10,991 


270 


12,768 


71 
191 
131 
419 
203 

5,620 


3,668 
38,268 
16,893 
26,961 
21,349 

746.392 


838 
6,063 
5,598 
5,615 
3,568 

125.557 


43 

43 

76 

306 

124 

3,324 


334 
1,623 
1,265 
2,099 
1,219 

48,473 


492 
3,447 
1,965 
3,431 
1,926 

72,830 


476 
3,396 
1,947 
3,323 
1,849 

72,100 


16 
51 
18 
108 
77 

730 


615 
1,480 
4,057 
4,040 
2,650 

106,810 


394 

4,798 

428 

3.935 


355,914 

339,820 

50,658 

587,376 


30,530 

86,999 

8,028 

74,577 


130 

2,898 

296 

2,874 


10,693 

35, U7 

2,663 

26.526 


17,380 

51,368 

4,082 

56,650 


17,208 

50,875 

4,017 

35,616 


172 

493 

65 

934 


22,900 

74,067 

8,843 

44.805 


2,595 
1,340 

1,353 


217,218 
370,158 

223,594 


31,608 
42,969 

40,381 


2,127 
747 

598 


11,851 
14,475 

9,940 


14,480 
22,070 

18,294 


13,903 
21,713 

17,975 


577 
357 

521 


8,338 
35,867 

86,745 


50 

26 

172 

27 

766 

292 


13,571 
1,615 
64,761 
21,264 
65,051 
57,332 


3,790 

286 

8,287 

1,343 

14,980 

11,695 


18 

12 

33 

3 

368 

164 


610 

121 

2,085 

373 

4,973 

1,778 


1,446 
149 

4,556 
647 

7,892 

5,604 


1,442 
126 

4,492 
634 

7,747 
3,533 


4 
24 
64 

13 

145 

71 


1,568 
291 
5,747 
1,652 
12,786 
4,759 



iDcludM no coinp«n»«ti<m for propri«ton and tim mwnbvn of uoiiicofpoMtad 



















Vol. I 


- Page 57 




CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOl.F£AI,F. DISTRIBUTION: 1C35 


UIliTED STATES SUMMARY 














TABLE 1. -SALES. EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 










BY TYPtS OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 












Numbei 




Operating 


Active 


Employee* 




Pay Roll' 




Stocki> on 




Type of Operation 


o' 


Nc! 


expenses 


propne- 


1 iull'time 


( 


add 000) 




hand, end 




Kind of Business 


est:.b- 


sal« 


( including 


ors and 


and part- 








oi year 














lish- 




pay loll) 


tirin 


time ) . Avg. 












ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) nemben 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 




FULL-SERVICE AND 


LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS Continued) 










WHOLISALE iORCIUimS (oontlnued) 






















Clothing and Furnishlnes 

Clothing •nd/or furnishings (full line) 


3.783 


♦614,^129 


#83,693 


3,059 


24,177 


$44,022 


♦43,470 


|S52 


♦67,318 




546 


63,409 


8,944 


499 


2,864 


4,752 


4 , 630 


72 


6,592 




JHen'B ana boys' 


971 


111,457 


15,274 


860 


4,569 


7,853 


7,c:17 


156 


16,296 




Womtin'j and children's 


i,oao 


219,485 


29,488 


726 


8,164 


16,092 


lb,9r2 


130 


15,675 




Tare, iraased lind fur clothlns 


£66 


31,677 


3,753 


259 


785 


1,783 


1,T35 


46 


3,408 




Hosiery 


195 


33,601 


3,691 


167 


1,050 


1,796 


1,''"S 


20 


• 3,746 




MlUlnary and mlllloory nuppllns 


333 


34,904 


6,154 


227 


2,077 


3,291 


3,215 


75 


2,806 




St-o»r. t.nd ■•>thsr footrotir 


1SS 


119,696 


16,589 


321 


4,668 


8.455 


e , 4.:)4 


51 


16,795 




COfil ar4tl Coke 


381 


198,334 


23,993 


144 


6,624 


10,634 


10,234 


400 


£3,859 




Drugii (full line) 


£74 


297,784 


38,825 


36 


13,964 


21,093 


21.0.U 


62 


51,498 




Druee and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 


1,149 


112,813 


23,305 


715 


7,288 


11,220 


11,037 


183 


11,307 




308 


25,710 


4,343 


210 


1,814 


2,452 


2,417 


35 


3,595 




Patent medicines 


186 


20,853 


3,725 


98 


949 


1,667 


1,531 


36 


1,144 




Toilet articles and preparations 


393 


36,304 


9,746 


240 


3,116 


4,892 


4,613 


79 


3,190 




All other 


262 


29,946 


5,491 


167 


1,410 


2,209 


2,176 


33 


3,878 




Dry Ooods (full line) 


303 


262,615 


38,053 


163 


14,136 


21,792 


21,707 


85 


46,011 




Dry Ooods (specialty lines) 
Notions 


£.479 


347,933 


44,011 


2,028 


13,179 


23,419 


23,153 


266 


53,462 




779 


71,604 


12,767 


616 


4,533 


7,688 


7,586 


103 


11,786 




Place goods 


1,208 


251,362 


27,060 


959 


7,119 


13,453 


13,338 


lis 


36,899 




All otbor 


492 


24,967 


4,184 


453 


1,527 


2,278 


2.230 


48 


4,777 




Electrical Qoodn 

Electrical msrchendlso (full line) 


2,3S7 


558,514 


97,412 


1,031 


29,658 


51,633 


51,060 


553 


74,171 




419 


184,233 


26,933 


39 


8,405 


14,787 


14,697 


90 


26,669 




Apparatus and equipment 


195 


15,155 


3,953 


104 


1,641 


2,432 


2,336 


46 


2,409 




Wiring supplies and conatructlon material 


725 


74,798 


14,230 


351 


5,244 


8,225 


8,020 


205 


12,812 




Radios, refrigerators ond appliances 


1,058 


284,328 


52,296 


537 


14,368 


26,189 


25,9V 7 


212 


32,261 




Fann Products - rav naterlala 
Cotton 


1,644 


1,018,151 


69,122 


1,304 


17,302 


26,723 


25,003 


1,720 


154,234 




137 


187,705 


9,699 


U7 


1,153 


2,271 


2,189 


82 


19,149 




Oreln 


46£ 


432,446 


25,592 


232 


5,716 


9,499 


9,290 


209 


68,285 




Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 


803 


158,661 


13,430 


650 


3,388 


6,157 


5,869 


288 


20,228 




Horses ai.d mules 


6 


886 


91 


8 


23 


23 


£3 





71 




Livestock 


21 


1,754 


197 


23 


85 


«4 


81 


13 


218 




SllK (raw) 


4 


10.229 


459 


1 


45 


242 


242 


^^ 


1,610 




Tobacco (laaf) 


162 


46,6ES 


7,156 


94 


3,966 


3,627 


2,703 


924 


16,298 




Wool and itohalr 


12b 


149.039 


8,928 


U3 


1,377 


3,318 


3.189 


129 


24,307 




All other 


123 


30,809 


3,570 


66 


1,559 


1,492 


1,417 


75 


4,158 




Faim Products » consumer goods 

Dalrj' products 


10,211 


1,812,457 


199,450 


9,377 


72,084 


99,489 


96.565 


2,924 


44.797 




1,755 


377,547 


62,599 


1,017 


21,477 


32,098 


31.S06 


292 


7,918 




Poultry and poultry products 


1,692 


227,350 


17,927 


1,619 


7,667 


8,438 


7,928 


510 


5,804 




Deirj- arid poultry produttu 


946 


296,125 


£3,656 


763 


7,856 


12,116 


11,788 


318 


8,035 




Fruits and Tegetablee (fresh) 


4,208 


759,340 


79,230 


4,188 


29,029 


39,281 


37 . 933 


1,348 


19,799 




Fresh fruits only 


737 


64,595 


6,812 


887 


2,859 


3,401 


3.165 


236 


1,210 




Fresh Tsgetablas only 


779 


80,614 


8,744 


863 


£,992 


3,877 


3,657 


220 


1,749 




All other 


44 


4,866 


482 


40 


204 


278 


278 


- 


282 




Faim Supplloe 
Feed 


1,359 


242,556 


31,192 


863 


12,111 


15,349 


14.640 


709 


30,266 




912 


137,253 


12,849 


624 


5,310 


6,374 


6,186 


188 


10,697 




Fertilizer 


61 


12,468 


1.376 


36 


362 


570 


536 


34 


935 




Seeds 


343 


68,213 


16,435 


183 


6,197 


8,142 


7,661 


461 


18,107 




All other 


43 


4,622 


532 


20 


24£ 


263 


237 


26 


547 




Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glssswara and orockary 


l,fi36 


199,286 


34,444 


1,122 


U,674 


18,612 


18,327 


288 


37,499 




232 


19,201 


4,492 


165 


1,766 


£,644 


2,613 


31 


3,422 




Floor cover logs 


£84 


80,244 


10,616 


136 


3,216 


5,478 


5,4£1 


54 


17,128 




Furniture (household and offic-^) 


355 


35,506 


7,197 


240 


2,428 


3,826 


3,740 


86 


5.531 




House furr.lshinga (except as ajiBCified) 


658 


51 . 357 


8,266 


538 


3,009 


4,458 


4,373 


85 


7.951 




Uuslcal Instriments and oKest ivjalc 


107 


12,978 


3,872 


43 


1,236 


2,209 


2,ieo 


29 


3.467 




Beneral Uerchardlsa 


171 


125,418 


19,928 


109 


7,623 


10,382 


10,230 


152 


21,£8S 




Orocerles (full line) 


3,210 


1,707,024 


157,820 


1,349 


50,517 


89,012 


88,356 


666 


215,888 




(continued on next page) 























proprietor* an<l (trm nieinb«n ^^i usinCMTpoffttad biwia 



Vol. I - Page 58 




















CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll" 




Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 


Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


o( 
ettab- 
luh- 


Net 
»«le» 


expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 


proprie- 

tore and 

firm 


( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 


( 


add 000) 












ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION 


WHOI .RSALERS ( Continued ) 








WHOLESALE ME3JCHANT3 (continued) 




















Groceries end Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


10,119 


tl, 401, 241 


♦177,795 


8,551 


69,556 


»92,224 


$89,948 


»2,276 


$99,289 


234 


61,229 


7,793 


155 


2,278 


3,540 


3,540 





7,889 


Coffee, tea and sploes 


768 


103,860 


23,535 


494 


7,960 


12,123 


12,037 


86 


11,509 


Confectionery 


1,580 


97,876 


11,982 


1,478 


5,882 


6,833 


6,643 


190 


8,323 


Fish and sea foods 


1,255 


114,459 


21,697 


1,050 


8,344 


11,091 


10,544 


547 


5,328 


Flour 


500 


77,859 


7,366 


360 


2,454 


3,410 


2,833 


577 


5,005 


Moats and meat products 


2,059 


430,308 


45,403 


1,997 


15,859 


24,186 


23,776 


4X0 


12,109 


Soft drinks 


252 


16,593 


2,968 


171 


1,182 


1,582 


1,537 


45 


1,365 


Sugar 


122 


56,732 


3,014 


55 


1,127 


1,608 


1,546 


62 


1,617 


Other food and grocery specialties 


3,349 


442,325 


54,037 


2,791 


24,470 


27,851 


27,492 


359 


46,144 


Hardware 

Hardtrare (full line) 


961 


310.397 


57,056 


430 


22,677 


33,698 


33,452 


246 


78,256 


473 


272,536 


49,160 


128 


19,549 


29,085 


28,929 


156 


69,457 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


488 


37,861 


7,896 


302 


3,128 


4,613 


4,523 


90 


8,799 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


1,557 


141,425 


28,567 


1,085 


9,709 


16,101 


15,927 


174 


36,249 


219 


41,355 


6,909 


154 


2,019 


3;491 


3,448 


43 


12,498 


Clocks and watches 


109 


15,183 


2,164 


83 


577 


1,175 


1,137 


38 


2,552 


Diamonds end other precious stones 


169 


11,253 


1,303 


158 


251 


546 


540 


6 


6,243 


Other Jewelry specialties 


683 


46,969 


8,130 


557 


2,594 


4,536 


4,468 


68 


10,672 


Optical goods 


377 


26,665 


10,061 


123 


4,268 


3,353 


6,334 


19 


4,284 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


2,263 


338,949 


69,902 


945 


24,783 


37,193 


35,426 


1,767 


60,905 


503 


74,442 


16,025 


209 


5,726 


8,691 


8,086 


605 


10,626 


Lumber and mlllwork 


1,082 


190,342 


36,376 


417 


12,853 


18,983 


18,462 


521 


38,950 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


112 


8,309 


1,806 


45 


550 


895 


860 


35 


. 1,320 


Cement, lime and plaster 


123 


18,374 


3,358 


52 


1,207 


1,737 


1,670 


67 


1,503 


Glass 


258 


21,544 


6,653 


151 


2,700 


4,065 


3,849 


216 


5,275 


Sand, grarel and crushed stone 


96 


9,575 


2,770 


40 


897 


1,340 


1,201 


139 


1,011 


All other 


89 


16,363 


2,914 


31 


850 


1,482 


1,298 


184 


2,220 


Machinery, Squlpment and Supplies 
Connercial machinery, eqpt. and spla. 


5,661 


511,050 


120,841 


3,346 


41,149 


67,172 


65,854 


J., 318 


93,398 




















Office (except furniture) 


186 


13,714 


4,034 


124 


1,611 


2,376 


2,330 


46 


1,895 


Store, resteurant and hotel 


664 


44,451 


11,689 


456 


4,407 


6,698 


6,550 


148 


7,518 


All other 


69 


5,228 


1,093 


39 


400 


556 


646 


10 


585 


Fam and dairy machinery and equipment 


330 


45,066 


8,119 


178 


2,799 


4,308 


4,220 


88 


9,011 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


5 


491 


120 


4 


53 


66 


64 


2 


186 


Belting, hose and packing 


84 


3,724 


905 


41 


321 


562 


547 


15 


475 


Power transmission equipment 


30 


1,802 


561 


10 


187 


268 


268 


— 


332 


Rope, cordage and twine 


54 


13,145 


1,474 


33 


455 


924 


913 


11 


1,231 


All other 


719 


52,121 


11,058 


457 


3,838 


6,021 


5,835 


186 


7,909 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road' building) 


267 


51,158 


9,778 


84 


2,875 


5,096 


4,991 


105 


8,079 


Machine tools 


33 


961 


254 


22 


99 


135 


131 


4 


232 


Mining and quarrying 


64 


4,784 


890 


33 


309 


498 


489 


9 


1,100 


Oil well and oil refining 


75 


4,233 


1,179 


58 


364 


426 


404 


22 


674 


Power plant 


49 


3,988 


972 


31 


319 


597 


570 


27 


432 


•next lie 


41 


4,100 


1,042 


17 


382 


644 


637 


7 


739 


Used machinery and equipment 


130 


10,332 


2,894 


139 


1,085 


1,607 


1,525 


82 


2,303 


All other 


322 


21,720 


5,809 


188 


1,961 


3,409 


3,295 


114 


4,210 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


251 


22,829 


6,412 


108 


2,384 


4,078 


4,058 


20 


6,283 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


187 


24,940 


7,055 


72 


2,228 


4,091 


4,069 


22 


4,234 


All other 


238 


29,287 


7,339 


132 


2,492 


3,925 


3,863 


62 


6,842 


Serviee equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


637 


38,227 


12,054 


462 


4,489 


6,729 


6,661 


66 


7,810 


Latindry 


137 


21,756 


4,798 


35 


1,273 


2,578 


2,548 


30 


2,682 


Upholsterers' 


191 


25,005 


5,779 


97 


1,694 


2,970 


2,927 


43 


6,652 


All other 


614 


33,893 


8,292 


405 


3,299 


4,962 


4,853 


109 


5,729 


Transportation equipment and supplies 




















Aircraft and aaronautleal 


13 


1,109 


272 


2 


102 


X82 


180 


2 


323 


Railroad 


30 


15,384 


3,464 


7 


543 


1,424 


1,404 


20 


1,408. 


Boats (including motor, sail and steoa) 


71 


5,447 


1,094 


47 


372 


611 


603 


8 


1,245 


All other 


120 


12,155 


2,411 


65 


808 


1,331 


1,273 


58 


3,279 


(continued on next page) 





















comp«n>ation for proprietors and firm mambert of unincorpor»l«d buunca*«t. 



















Vol. I 


- Page 59 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEU PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 


Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

oi 
alab- 
lish- 
menta 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll i 
(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 


Employeet 
( hilUtime 
and part- 
time ^ Avg. 
tor year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Toul 


Full-time 


Part-time 


FULL-SERVICE AND 


LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS Continued , 


WDISSAIS MKRCHANTB (continued) 

littal6 and U*tal Work (exeapt senip) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 
Structural Iron and steel 
Wire , wire fence and wire rope 
Copper 

Sheet metal products 
Other matale and oetal work 

Paper and Its Products 

wrapping or coarse paper and products 
Pine or printing and writing paper 
Stationery and stationer? supplies 
■aU. paper 

FetroleuB and Its Products 

Plmnblng and Hsatlitg Bqulpnent and Spla. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 
Heating (Including stores and ranges) 
Plumbing fixtures, equiposnt and spls. 
All other 

Tobacco axid Its Products (except leaf) 

Waste Materials 

Iron and steel scrap 
Junk and scrap (full line) 
Waste paper, rags and rubber 
Honferrous aetala 

All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 

Plowers and nursery stock 

Forest products (except lumber) 

Leather and leather goods 

Oils and greaaes (animal and Tegetabls) 

Rubber (crude) 

Textiles and materials other than 

dry goode 
Tarns 
HlBcellaneous kinds of business 

TOLUNTARI GKOUF *HOLESAI£BS 


768 


$230,659 


t30,840 


300 


9,826 


)17,£06 


♦16,917 


#289 


♦57,367 


323 
91 

55 

18 

177 

104 

2.466 


77,601 
18,009 
5,615 
4,610 
39,339 
85,485 

396,731 


15,232 

3,676 

844 

480 

6,202 

4,406 

73,585 


116 
21 
29 
12 
78 
44 

1,389 


4,471 
1,482 
431 
142 
2,152 
1,148 

25,206 


8,486 
2,229 
512 
257 
3,391 
2,331 

43,755 


8,411 
2,178 
449 
256 
3,330 
2,293 

43,259 


75 
51 
63 
1 
61 
58 

496 


15,518 

3,290 

928 

661 

5,502 

11,474 

57,152 


1,541 
201 
489 
255 

578 

1,629 


282,003 
61,596 
56,905 
16,227 

124,120 

216,278 


49,356 

10,916 

8,143 

5,168 

16,491 

43,066 


896 

51 

329 

111 

297 

628 


17,159 
5,112 
3,253 
1,682 

4,288 

15,562 


29,795 
6,626 
4,667 
2,447 

7,787 

24,258 


29,516 
6,594 
4,763 
2,386 

7,678 

23,815 


279 
52 

124 
61 

109 

443 


39,066 
8,437 
6,509 
3,340 

6,414 

45,674 


446 
222 
819 
142 

1.914 

4,765 


102,858 
23,612 
79,758 
10,070 

744,644 

391,194 


19,090 
5,461 

16,002 
2,553 

41,094 

57,039 


62 
103 
366 

77 

1,551 
4,386 


6,612 

1,794 

6,004 

952 

14,018 

29,168 


10,505 
5,058 
9,090 
1,605 

20,643 

30,067 


10,3SS 
2,999 
8,860 
1,574 

20,434 

26,820 


14* 
59 

210 
31 

209 

1,247 


4,407 

17,145 

1,376 

38,989 

33,855 


1.442 

1,534 

1,569 

220 

5,899 


163,010 
79,228 

122,946 
26,010 

403,961 


20,485 

13,204 

20,978 

2,372 

62,882 


1,311 

1,538 

1,362 

175 

2,888 


8,977 

8,204 

U,274 

733 

24,^218 


10,436 
7,097 

11,458 
1,076 

34,629 


9,995 

6,645 

U,135 

1,045 

33,701 


441 

452 

323 

31 

928 


14,772 
6,265 
9,416 
1,400 

46,973 


607 

553 

490 

1,028 

60 

11 

291 
154 
725 

128 


103,821 
23.860 
55,940 
98,551 
26,504 
11,259 

50,374 
37,587 
36,265 

100.569 


19,670 
4,805 
6,189 

13,204 

2,540 

958 

4,933 
5,254 
7,329 

9.402 


316 
479 
402 
846 
29 
4 

253 

107 
452 

33 


8,755 
1,666 
2,512 
4,542 
551 
135 

2,321 
1,015 
2,721 

3.420 


11,644 
2,453 
5,525 
6,943 
1,344 
249 

2,632 
1,660 
4,159 

5.461 


11,329 
2,376 
5,196 
6,842 
1,556 
249 

2,749 
1,635 
5,967 

5.442 


315 

77 

129 

101 

6 

83 

45 

172 

39 


8,019 
1,158 
4,517 
17,244 
2,821 
1,564 

4,203 
5,458 
4,009 

13.444 


Groceries (full line) 

Orooerles and Foods (specialty lines) 

All Other Products 

CONVKSTEBS 

Dry Goods (specialty lines 
Piece goods 

All Other Products 

Miscellaneous kinds of businese 

UPOBTKBS 

AutODOtlTe 

Chemicals and Paints 
Industrial cbemjoala 
NaTal stores 
AU other 

Clothing and Furnishings t 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
(continued on next page) 


112 

11 

5 

502 


87,298 

6,100 

7,171 

284,121 


8,019 

507 

876 

24.541 


29 

4 

235 


2,878 
204 
338 

5.634 


4,628 

331 

522 

12.273 


4.597 

326 

517 

12.130 


31 

5 

5 

143 


11,426 

776 

1,242 

46.374 


477 


279,472 


24,069 


218 


5,475 


12,006 


11.867 


139 


45,716 


477 
25 


279,472 
4.649 


24,069 
472 


218 
17 


5,475 
159 


12,006 
267 


11,867 
263 


139 

4 


45,716 
658 


25 
SIS 


4,649 
571,490 


472 
51.598 


17 
340 


159 
7,369 


267 
12,631 


263 
12,257 


4 
574 


653 
75,328 


9 
15 


27,216 

21,152 


4,787 

1,854 


2 

1 


682 

142 


1,864 
343 


1,860 
340 


4 
3 


1,189 
2,273 


3 
9 
3 

35 

15 


2,474 

U,e84 

6,794 

2,807 

717 


122 

340 

1,392 

539 

245 


1 

31 

8 


25 
97 
20 

188 

76 


90 

202 

51 

282 

187 


90 

199 

51 

277 

157 


S 
5 


1,064 

1,165 

44 

374 

170 



■ Include* oo compen**lioii for proprialon and finn members c4 unincorporvtad bun 



Vol. 1 - Page 60 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sates 

(add 0001 


Operating 
expenses 
( mcludmg 
pay roll) 

(add 0001 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
uemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
lor year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED 


■ FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (Continued) 






EXPORTERS (continued) 




















Dry Good 8 (specialty lines) 
Piece goods 
All other 


39 


|18j^797 


42,048 


33 


674 


$1,202 


Jl,197 


»5 


»8,977 


31 
8 


17,918 
879 


1,911 
137 


29 
4 


637 
37 


1,130 
72 


i;i29 
68 


1 
4 


8,900 
77 


Electrical Goods 


11 


14,341 


1,332 


— 


197 


559 


559 


~ 


738 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 
Grain 

Hides, Bldns, and furs (raw) 
Tobacco (leaf) 
All other 


179 


379,441 


28,881 


137 


3,441 


4,486 


3,989 


497 


63,808 


106 

10 

12 

43 

8 


304,520 

50,991 

1,836 

21,207 

887 


24,564 

1,447 

112 

2,673 

85 


89 

E 

10 

28 

8 


1,167 

164 

29 

8,026 

55 


2,640 
458 

56 
1,276 

56 


2,580 
453 

55 
846 

55 


60 

5 

1 

430 

1 


49,351 

6,683 

273 

6,823 

72 


Farm Products - consumer goods 


18 


2,898 


507 


21 


35 


47 


4£ 


5 


11 


General Merchandise 


13 


14,431 


457 


6 


148 


293 


291 


8 


126 


Grcoaries and Foods (specialty lines) 


5 


8,878 


926 


25 


189 


456 


453 


3 


788 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Lumber and millwork: 


19 


11,719 


1,527 


6 


E37 


402 


365 


37 


75) } 


19 


11,719 


1,527 


6 


237 


402 


365 


37 


751 ■ 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 


22 


4,845 


737 


10 


163 


310 


308 


8 


393 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


8 


39,093 


4,705 


— 


450 


1,165 


1,154 


1 


748 


Paper and Its Products 


9 


5,219 


221 


1 


104 


225 


825 


— 


56 


Petroleum and Its Products 


S 


2,124 


292 


3 


34 


98 


98 


— 


45 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment end Supplies 


25 


3,024 


588 


2 


55 


104 


104 


~ 


83 


Waste Materials 


19 


6,462 


858 


14 


250 


354 


351 


3 


230 


All Other Products 


64 


8,326 


1,094 


40 


304 


464 


477 


7 


1,180 


IMPORTERS 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 

All other 


2,241 


1,058, £34 


96,475 


1,313 


21,834 


46,461 


45,947 


514 


147,738 


38 


9,666 


1,582 


36 


510 


798 


789 


9 


1,372 


34 
4 


8,381 
1,285 


1,371 
211 


34 

2 


437 
73 


667 
131 


661 
128 


6 
3 


1,116 ■ 
862 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Boer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


133 


47,956 


8,233 


38 


1,524 


3,283 


3,212 


71 


9,087 


16 
117 


2,201 
45,755 


394 
7,839 


6 
32 


99 
1,425 


150 
3,133 


142 
3,070 


8 
63 


110 
8,977 


Cheiiloals arui Paints 
Dyestuffs 

Industrial chemicals 
Paints and varnishes 
AU other 


61 


30,146 


3,684 


14 


623 


1,853 


1,840 


13 


3,524 


7 
25 

5 
24 


2,245 

12,872 

1,216 

13,813 


370 

1,452 

73 

1,779 


4 
2 
8 


65 
229 

16 
313 


846 

685 

30 

890 


248 

680 

30 

882 


5 
8 


189 
1,637 

U7 
1,641 


Clothing and/or Furnishings 


111 


27,786 


3,612 


64 


838 


1,884 


1,803 


21 


5,471 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty linos) 
Drug specialties 
Patent msdlcines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


47 


5,692 


1.405 


18 


315 


674 


665 


9 


777 


13 
8 

20 
6 


1,906 
254 

3,013 
519 


306 
78 

961 
60 


5 
4 
8 

1 


70 

37 

192 

16 


148 

41 

462 

29 


141 

40 

458 

26 


1 
1 
4 
3 


219 
31 

469 
58 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


293 


73,303 


12,064 


183 


3,308 


6,757 


6,689 


68 


15,351 


125 

159 

9 


24,899 

46,054 

2.350 


5,076 

6,711 

277 


63 

97 

3 


1,538 

1,684 

86 


8,688 

3,829 

240 


2,656 

3,793 

240 


32 

36 


4,928 

11,095 
328 


Electrical Goods 


14 


2,050 


337 


6 


119 


154 


141 


13 


273 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 
Silk (raw) 
Tobacco (leaf) 
All other 


145 


129,437 


6,744 


104 


875 


2,807 


2,782 


25 


17,937 


57 
11 
18 

59 


28,859 

57,064 

6,104 

47,430 


1,739 

1,591 

901 

2,513 


33 

8 
14 
49 


251 

174 

88 

362 


791 

630 

252 

1,134 


779 

628 

251 

1,124 


12 
8 

1 
10 


3,765 
7,709 
2,410 
4,053 


Farm Products - consumer goods 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
All other 


108 


61,773 


2,088 


17 


628 


1,266 


1,262 


4 


503 


95 
13 


57,272 
4,501 


i;738 
350 


S 
9 


537 
91 


1,077 
189 


1,074 
188 


3 

1 


93 
410 


(continued on next page) 





















* Indudea no compensation lor proprietota ftnd itrm ntcmtMn of unincorpormtMl buaini 



















Vol. 1 


- Page 6: 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1.-- 


5ALES, EXPENSES. 


PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll* 




Slodu on 

hand, end 

o( year 


Type of Operation 


of 


Net 


expenses 


proprie- 


(full-time 




(add 000) 




Kind of Business 


estab- 
li>h 


sales 


( including 
pay roll) 


tors anc 
lirm 


and part- 
time). Avg. 
















ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


nember 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (Continued) 








IMPOBTEBB (continued) 




















Faxm Supplies 
feed 


28 


$23,433 


»2.875 


9 


530 


#775 


#771 


|4 


♦2,677 


3 


7,373 


903 


— . 


151 


265 


265 




8T<r 


Fertilizer 


10 


13,788 


1,717 


7 


133 


346 


545 


1 


1,927 


Seeds 


9 


2,272 


288 


2 


66 


166 


163 


3 


140 


Furniture and House Fumlshlnes 
China, glassware and crookery 


292 


39,222 


8,284 


191 


2.124 


4,176 


4,097 


78 


12.764 


86 


14,255 


3,726 


29 


936 


1,929 


1,915 


14 


S,8!i 


Floor coverings 


88 


8,777 


1,706 


66 


53B 


669 


668 


4 


5,451 


Furniture (household and office) 


11 


492 


172 


4 


87 


88 


72 


16 


579 


House furnishings (except as specified) 


110 


15,566 


2,636 


91 


771 


1,461 


1,417 


44 


5,621 


Uusloal instruments and sheet music 


3 


132 


48 


1 


25 


28 


28 


~ 


99 


General lierohasdlse 


22 


220,768 


7,396 


4 


1,339 


3,186 


5,180 


6 


12,580 


Groceries (full line) 


33 


4,582 


220 


12 


70 


U6 


U6 


~ 


54S 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


366 


191.693 


20.788 


286 


5,422 


9.987 


9,895 


9S 


28,279 


«1 


lt,3l9 


2,261 


58 


Hi 


as 


«S 


— 


1,174 


Coffee, tea and spices 


123 


U5,e68 


11, 7U 


34 


3,344 


8,986 


5,942 


44 


13.726 


Confectionery 


10 


552 


131 


13 


49 


69 


68 


1 


89 


Fish and sea foods 


IS 


4,962 


541 


14 


128 


345 


337 


8 


1,092 


Other food and grocery apeeieltles 


177 


59,992 


6,114 


167 


1,688 


3,124 


3,085 


39 


12.198 


Hardware 


19 


4,088 


882 


6 


194 


341 


536 


8 


563 


Jewelry and Optical CkJOds 
Jewelry (full line) 


232 


38.316 


6.782 


203 


1.350 


3.018 


2.980 


38 


10.808 


3 


408 


M 


S 


8 


liT 


16 


— • 


ua 


Clocks and watches 


48 


15,972 


3,062 


27 


466 


1,564 


1,843 


ai 


1,493 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


107 


16,508 


1,953 


122 


317 


726 


712 


14 


6,816 


Other Jewelry specialties 


67 


6,359 


1,468 


47 


476 


784 


782 


2 


2,407 


Optical goods 


7 


1,072 


229 


2 


85 


154 


133 


1 


274 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


22 


4,821 


617 


5 


158 


265 


258 


7 


580 


Machinery, Bquipment and Supplies 


78 


7,022 


1,802 


30 


395 


821 


813 


8 


1,953 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


22 


6,960 


1,053 


6 


143 


526 


521 


5 


1,232 


Paper and Its Products 


28 


5,022 


704 


8 


218 


577 


375 


2 


683 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


4 


2,072 


281 


— 


41 


125 


U9 


6 


552 


Waste Materials 


4 


1,679 


178 


— 


17 


57 


56 


1 


54 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 


147 


120.747 


7.227 


73 


1.315 


3.506 


3,277 


£9 


19.895 


8 


1,359 


198 


7 


80 


107 


166 


1 


S5~ 


Flowers and nursery stock 


5 


1,263 


243 


1 


68 


140 


157 


8 


209 


Forest products (except lumber) 


14 


29,742 


1,860 


8 


198 


722 


721 


1 


5,687 


Leather and leather goods 


16 


4,880 


472 


4 


120 


228 


228 


..• 


840 




16 


16,676 


862 


7 


U8 


284 


282 


t 


2,706 


Rubber (crude) 


16 


51,177 


1,803 


1 


198 


828 


828 


— 


10,691 


Textiles and materials other than dry 




















goods 


7 


4,468 


263 


4 


51 


114 


U4 


— 


314 


Yams 


9 


671 


140 


6 


52 


81 


80 


1 


175 


Miscellaneous kinds of business 


57 


10, 5U 


1,686 


38 


428 


802 


781 


21 


1,147 


IMDDSTEIAL MSTHIBDT0B8 
AutomotlTe 


1.633 


444,877 


72.939 


309 


24.724 


41.878 


41.039 


539 


94.BU 


6 


1,528 


578 


5 


138 


229 


289 


-. 


579 


Hardware 


158 


106,967 


19,108 


11 


7,518 


11,582 


U,510 


72 


27,008 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 

Industrial equipment and supplies 


1.389 


307.140 


47.780 


284 


15.190 


26.706 


26.251 


484 


61,276 




















Industrial (full line) 


184 


79,337 


18,056 


16 


5,229 


8,734 


8,671 


63 


18,254 


Baiting, hose and packing 


83 


8,528 


2,179 


25 


655 


1,212 


1,199 


13 


1,498 


Power transmission equipment 


55 


4,627 


996 


U 


554 


617 


595 


22 


979 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building] 


10 


2,673 


552 


5 


152 


262 


260 


2 


867 


Machine tools 


43 


8,998 


1,849 


19 


494 


925 


916 


10 


1,657 


Mining and quarrying 


23 


6,400 


1,208 


4 


408 


712 


694 


18 


1,486 


Oil well and oil refining 


679 


143,326 


18,280 


99 


4,246 


7,638 


7,385 


252 


86,465 


Power plant 


14 


1,621 


SIB 


9 


112 


18S 


182 


1 


251 


Used machinery and aqulpnent 


11 


1,299 


seo 


5 


1E8 


186 


185 


5 


539 


All other 


25 


2,366 


604 


IE 


191 


400 


397 


5 


430 


Transportation equipment and supplies 




















All other 


282 


47,968 


9,651 


80 


3,263 


5,839 


S,T?2 


67 


9,210 


(continued on next page) 





















IdcIimIm no coiiip«iu«t>on for proprictori and tixm m«nib«r« o' muDcovporatad buajiu 



Vol. I - Page 62 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
utab- 
li>h- 
ments 


Net 
>ale> 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
nemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll" 
(add 000) 


Stodu on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-bme 


FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (ConUnued) 


IHDDSTHIAL DISTRIBUTORS (continued) 

Metala and Metal Work (except scrap) 

Flunblng and Heating Equipment and Spls. 

All Other Products 

CASH AND CARET WHOLKSALKHS 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and Food (specialty lines) 

Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 

DROP SHIPPERS OR DESK JOBBERS 

Coal and Coke 

Farm Products - raw materials 

Eam Supplies 

Lumber and OonBtruction Materials 

Machinery, Equipment aad Supplies 

Uatals and Uetal Work (except scrap) 

Paper and Its Products 

Petroleum and Its Products 

Waste Materials 

All Other Products 

Forest products (except lumber) 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 

MAIL ORDER WHOIZSAURS 

Affluaamant and Sporting Goods 

Automotive 

Automotive equipment 

Chemicals and Faints 

Clothing Old Furnishings 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 
Patent medicines 

Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 

Dry Goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical Goods 

Furniture and House Fumlsblngs 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 

llachinsry. Equipment and Supplies 

Paper and Its Products 

All Other Produota 

(continued on next page) 


8 

83 

9 

577 


♦3,054 

23,727 

2,461 

74.152 


»6U 

4,461 

631 

3.353 


3 

8 

201 


185 

1,480 

213 

12,483 


♦ 356 

2,462 

244 

1,785 


♦356 

2,450 

243 

1,761 


♦12 

1 

24 


♦592 

5,006 

553 

6,148 


378 

57 

142 

1.031 


50,605 

4,451 

19,096 

365,926 


2,471 

265 

617 

23.545 


46 

51 

104 

497 


12,089 

129 

265 

4,901 


1,327 

130 

328 

It.SSt 


1,318 

121 

322 

11,869 


9 
9 
6 

ses 


4,878 
406 
864 

3,5U 


380 

24 

19 

511 

9 

3 

U 

15 

4 

55 


169,630 

25,307 

3,006 

134,981 

3,897 

2,220 

1,159 

4,997 

327 

20,402 


10,851 
432 

184 

9,928 

239 

102 

79 

240 

20 

1,470 


154 

5 

11 

294 
2 

7 

7 

4 

33 


2,185 
63 
63 

2,068 
65 
17 
26 
69 
3 
342 


5,794 

173 

95 

4,925 

173 

69 

52 

159 

3 

809 


5,595 

170 

89 

4,762 

173 

66 

51 

158 

3 

804 


201 
5 
6 

163 

3 

1 
1 

5 


2,090 
1 
1 

1,323 
6 

90 


29 
26 

189 


13,054 
7,348 

13.984 


562 
908 

3.226 


17 
16 

151 


105 
237 

1,188 


353 

456 

1,339 


351 
453 

1.289 


2 

3 

50 


1 
89 

2,116 


10 
6 


57 
2,438 


14 
467 


8 
3 


14 
138 


10 
232 


9 
230 


1 
2 


67 
340 


6 

9 

20 

31 


2,438 

170 

'2,336 

2,677 


467 

34 

433 

522 


3 

7 

14 

24 


138 

21 

153 

216 


232 

19 

172 

230 


230 

18 

161 

216 


2 

1 
U 
14 


340 

15 

246 

184 


9 

9 
6 
7 

6 
14 
11 

7 
31 

9 
35 


931 
189 
988 
569 

85 

1,137 

416 

445 

1,661 

744 

1,818 


99 

56 

285 

82 

29 
336 
128 

46 
435 
249 
533 


8 

8 

4 
4 

6 
13 

7 

6 
26 

6 
31 


32 
50 
99 
35 

15 
106 

48 

19 
175 

48 
235 


46 

41 

107 

36 

13 
U9 

34 

19 
226 

47 
218 


46 
37 
97 
36 

12 
115 

31 

19 
223 

44 
211 


4 

10 

1 
4 
3 

3 
3 

7 


56 
13 
42 
73 

18 
134 
303 

19 
443 

37 
260 



* Indudw no compaiuation (or pTopri«lora mo4 finn ra«mb«n vi unincofpomUd buiin— ■>■■ 



















Vol. I 


- Page 63 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












1 TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
! BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 

estab- 
lish, 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 

(add 000 1 


Active 
proprie- 
tors anc 

tirm 
nemben 


Employees 
( hill-time 
and part- 
lime). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000 I 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

o( year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


FULL-SERVICE AND 


LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (Continued) 








RETAILER COOFERATTVE WAREHOUSES 
Drugs (full line) 


161 


tl53,398 


♦9.383 


,__ 


3,646 


»5,24S 


♦5,208 


♦37 


♦14,865 


19 


24,687 


2,320 


— 


1,043 


1,305 


1,302 


3 


3,583 


Dpuea and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 


12 


1,398 


235 


— 


90 


108 


108 


— 


255 


Groceries (full line) 


95 


103,590 


5,167 


.- 


1,971 


2,955 


2,928 


87 


9,477 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 


5 


4,945 


331 


-- 


107 


192 


188 


4 


557 


All Other Products 


30 


18,778 


1,330 


— 


435 


685 


682 


a 


993 


WAGON DISTRIBUTORS 
Automotive 


4.256 


212,776 


31.064 


4,023 


12,742 


15,982 


15,444 


538 


7,173 


27 


339 


81 


27 


38 


41 


40 


1 


43 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


1,427 


63.163 


8.997 


1,386 


3,527 


3,844 


3,652 


192 


1.745 


1,405 
22 


61,840 
1,323 


8,789 
208 


1,363 
23 


3,429 

98 


3,749 

96 


3,659 
93 


190 
2 


1,586 
819 


Clothing and Furnishings 


6 


40 


6 


7 


1 


1 


1 


— 


IS 


Drags and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 


14 


178 


48 


9 


25 


31 


29 


8 


13 


Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy productt 

Fruits and Tegetables (freslij 
Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
All otliar 


851 


63.931 


11.507 


713 


4.569 


6.363 


6.249 


114 


1.889 


411 

278 

85 

73 

4 


46,719 
5,852 
2,750 
8,451 

159 


9,307 
674 
166 

1,339 
21 


257 

299 

93 

59 

5 


3,603 

362 

77 

517 

10 


5,202 

291 

62 

796 

12 


5,147 

263 

54 

773 

12 


55 

88 

8 

23 


1,588 

33 

18 

194 

2 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Fish and sea foods 
Meats and meat products 
Soft drinks 
All other 


1,586 


64,910 


9,182 


1,509 


4,032 


5,099 


4,896 


203 


2,710 


10 

71 

462 

12 
153 
177 
701 


771 

2,721 

12,407 

332 

8,514 

4,222 

35,943 


91 

776 

1,293 

71 

803 

968 

5,180 


8 
59 
476 
11 
167 
162 
626 


41 
326 
645 

24 

337 

454 

2,805 


55 
435 
679 

37 

418 

568 

2,907 


55 
US 
649 
36 
396 
538 
2,804 


17 
30 
1 
22 
30 
103 


81 
258 
717 

61 

160 

121 

1,312 


Petroleum and Its Products 


73 


1,158 


114 


82 


46 


45 


43 


2 


26 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


190 


17,431 


850 


202 


359 


441 


430 


^ 


697 


All Other Products 


82 


1.632 


E79 


88 


145- 


117 


104 


13 


97 


MANUFACTUR 


ERS- SALEi 


5 BRANCHES Wl 


TH STOCK 


.S) 








TOUTED STATES TOTAL 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


11.634 


7.446.014 


881.155 


299 


211.280 


402.706 


398,738 


3.968 


596.558 


241 


102,090 


19.228 




5.456 


9,304 


9,282 


22 


11.836 


93 
58 
16 
74 


42,408 

14,863 

4,838 

39,981 


8,395 
4,485 
1,046 
5,302 


— 


2,471 
992 
275 

1,718 


4,710 

1,414 

494 

2,686 


4,704 

1,405 

489 

2,684 


6 
9 
5 
2 


4,297 

2, '459 

723 

4,357 


AutCDiotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equlpaent 
Tires and tubes 


896 


1,261,865 


90,159 


6 


23,611 


45,242 


44,867 


375 


68, 663 


432 
193 

271 


1,006,177 

46,950 

208,738 


57,474 

7,690 

24,995 


6 


15,340 
1,989 
6,282 


88,633 

3,900 

18,709 


88,397 

3,876 

12,594 


236 
24 

115 


44,930 

5,198 

18,435 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


377 


265,812 


37,390 


6 


5.884 


11,533 


Ui468 


65 


19,759 


261 
116 


68,275 
197,537 


13,319 
24,071 


6 


2,697 
8,587 


4,979 
6,564 


4,954 

6,514 


25 

40 


2,601 
17,258 


Chemicals and Faints 
Dyestuffs 
Explosives 

Industrial chemicals 
Paints and varnishes 
AU other 


561 


427,535 


64,137 


12 


10,945 


25,427 


85,179 


848 


36,117 


33 
.43 

73 
266 
147 


33,614 

32,377 

122,582 

168,189 

70,773 


4,403 

4,217 

12,052 

30,531 

12,934 


2 
10 


651 

606 

1,328 

6,455 

1,905 


2,088 

1,679 

3,373 

12,802 

5,485 


2,088 
1,675 
3,361 
12,628 
5,427 


4 
12 

174 
58 


8,149 
2,435 
7,344 
19,158 
5,031 


(continued on next page) 





















compenaaUon tot propnelors And linn inciiib«ra of unincorporalttd buMne««ea- 



Vol. I - Page 64 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1.-- 


SALES, EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll" 




Stocks on 
hand, end 


Type o( Operation 


of 


Net 


expenses 


proprie- 


( full-time 




(add 000) 




Kind of Business 


estab- 


sales 


(including 


tors anc 


and part- 
time)- Avg. 








li.!.. 


pay roll ) 


firm 








of year 




menu 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


nemben 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-lime 


(add 000) 


MANUFACTURERS' 


SALES BRANCHES (WITH STOCKS) (Continued) 






Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothing and/or furnishings 


34S 


^2,163 


$34,296 


82 


8.205 


#18.195 


*18,092 


1103 


»Se,915 


20 


8,917 


1,151 


— 


347 


785 


7M 


16 


1,172 


Usn'a and boys' 


137 


98,279 


13,219 


35 


2,792 


6.533 


6,507 


26 


16,707 


Woman's and ohlldren's 


103 


47,808 


5.944 


41 


1,303 


5,447 


5,435 


14 


4,487 


Purs, draasod and fur clothing 


5 


622 


65 


4 


21 


41 


41 


.M 


75 


Hoalary 


14 


13,550 


1.469 





473 


747 


747 


•« 


1,429 


Millinery and millinery auppllss 


11 


1,320 


244 


I 


77 


118 


117 


1 


158 


Shoes and other footwear 


55 


111,667 


12.204 


1 


5.192 


6,584 


6,558 


46 


14,887 


Coal and Coke 


10 


8,331 


1,470 


— 


559 


694 


692 


2 


261 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 
Drug specialties 


270 


128.468 


33.997 


11 


7.050 


15,566 


15,544 


£2 


11,924 


115 


73,163 


17,234 


_ 


4.198 


8.773 


8,766 


7 


7^440 


Patent medicines 


38 


23,391 


8,485 


£ 


634 


1,397 


1,594 


3 


1,502 


Toilet articles and preparations 


99 


27,153 


7,269 


4 


2.070 


3,063 


3,057 


6 


2,714 


All other 


18 


4,761 


1,009 


5 


148 


533 


327 


6 


268 


Dry Goods 


£08 


180,322 


19,532 


28 


4,690 


10,207 


10,163 


44 


36,700 


Blaotrlaal Goods 


428 


349,819 


31,685 


6 


7.832 


17,676 


17,554 


122 


21,800 


Parm Products - consumer goods 


327 


71,570 


17,555 


5 


4,313 


7,129 


7,056 


73 


2,527 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 


74 


31.785 


4,831 


2 


917 


1,850 


1,815 


IS 


2,679 


30 


2,904 


301 


2 


121 


160 


156 


4 


£do 


Fertilizer 


39 


28,409 


4,446 


— 


774 


1,621 


1,610 


11 


2,598 


All other 


5 


472 


84 


" 


22 


49 


49 


— 


81 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 


250 


78,959 


10.888 


17 


2,473 


4,980 


4.921 


59 


8,739 


50 


28,443 


2.917 


— 


544 


1,116 


1,095 


25 


4,277 


Furniture (household and office) 


121 


32,292 


4.276 


6 


1,112 


2,251 


2,222 


29 


1.820 


House furnishings (except as specif led) 


72 


15,867 


3.106 


10 


706 


1,315 


1,308 


7 


1,989 


All other 


7 


2,357 


589 


1 


111 


298 


298 


— 


655 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


3,102 


2.252,166 


202,190 


52 


51.576 


87,265 


86,224 


1.041 


82,245 


230 


161,838 


21.418 


— 


4,548 


8.701 


8,489 


212 


11,090 


Coffee, tea and spices 


14 


12,338 


E.373 


— 


322 


673 


665 


8 


552 


Confectionery 


81 


37,096 


3.626 


5 


974 


1.910 


1,896 


14 


2,185 


Flour 


165 


122,086 


7.537 


5 


2,197 


3,746 


3,695 


51 


5,410 


lieats and nsat produots 


957 


1,080,929 


64,497 


11 


22,650 


33,540 


33,084 


4S6 


50,433 


Soft drinks 


31 


6.843 


2,590 


5 


732 


1,344 


1,269 


75 


573 


All other 


1,644 


831,036 


100,149 


10 


20,355 


37.351 


37,126 


225 


32,262 


Hardware 


62 


18,327 


2,770 


1 


714 


1,453 


1,443 


10 


5,954 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 


249 


91.458 


10.921 


10 


5.102 


5,366 


5,357 


9 


U.405 


43 


72,507 


3,722 


10 


753 


1,824 


1,817 


7 


7,995 


Optical goods 


206 


18,951 


7,199 


~ 


2,349 


3,542 


5,540 


2 


5,410 


Lumbar and ConBtruction liatarials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


261 


112,792 


18,684 


8 


5,510 


10,253 


9,816 


437 


15,485 


45 


32,474 


5,623 


— 


1,272 


2,732 


2,752 


— 


2,385 


Lumber and mlllwork 


38 


15,186 


2,295 


6 


565 


1,198 


1.186 


12 


3,362 


Brick, tile and terra eotta 


44 


5,405 


1.156 


1 


276 


549 


555 


14 


794 


Cement, lists and plaster 


27 


11,452 


2.452 


— 


405 


953 


948 


5 


1,812 


Sand, grarsl and crushed stone 


4 


118 


32 


— 


16 


19 


15 


4 


82 


All other 


103 


50,159 


7,126 


1 


2,978 


4,802 


4,400 


402 


5,060 


Uachinery, Kqulpment and Supplies 
Commercial mchnry., eqpt* and spls. 


2.642 


693.362 


145,642 


28 


45,085 


83,199 


82,282 


917 


112,269 




















Office (except furniture) 


955 


108,920 


34.510 


1 


13.308 


26.701 


26,572 


189 


11,838 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


81 


18,935 


5.662 


5 


1.542 


2,766 


2,550 


216 


1.424 


Farm and dairy machinery and equipnant 


252 


193,308 


35.880 


— 


8,875 


14,041 


13,691 


350 


38.146 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


7 


3,693 


563 


— 


237 


346 


345 


1 


979 


Belting, hose and packing 


51 


26,869 


3.479 


3 


975 


2,132 


2,114 


18 


1.787 


Power tranamiaslon equipment 


81 


7.206 


1,064 


— 


589 


716 


710 


6 


784 


Rope, cordage and twine 


18 


6.863 


707 


— 


154 


359 


307 


32 


1,184 


All other 


316 


95.162 


16.262 


1 


5.140 


9,214 


9,200 


14 


13,712 


(oontlnusd on next page) 





















ladudaa oo compensation lot proprioton u»d finn m«mb«n oJ uaiBC«rperalod buatm 



















VoL 1 


- Page 65 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll* 






Type ol Operation 


ol 


Nel 


expenses 


proprie- 


' hilllime 




(add 000 




Stoclu on 
hand, end 


Kind of Busine&s 


eftab- 


»ale» 


( including 


tors and 


and part- 










lUh. 




pay roll 


firm 


time). AVB. 








ol year 




menu 


fadd 000 I 


(add 000; 


members for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-bme 


(add 000 i 


MANUFACTURERS' 


SALES BRANCHES (WITH STOCKS (Continued) 








HaehlneiT, Iquljment and SpU. (oontlaued 




















Industrial aochlaery 




















CoMtruotlon (including road buildlngj 
Haoblna tool! 


81 
21 


118,645 
7,369 


>3,160 
1,103 


~ 


676 
269 


♦1,493 

514 


♦1.489 

514 


♦4 


♦2,227 
583 


Mining and quarrTlBg 


52 


22,179 


2,970 





617 


1,705 


1,704 


1 


1,588 


Oil wall eod oil refining 


150 


28,038 


2,796 


4 


752 


1,392 


1,346 


46 


8,607 


Power plant 


9 


5,919 


624 


.. 


124 


296 


295 


1 


306 


ftxtlla 


20 


16,068 


4,991 





1,264 


3,617 


3,617 




2,150 


All other 


91 


41,422 


7,833 





2,722 


5,115 


5,089 


26 


11,959 


Profasalonal aqulinent and suppllea 




















Dantal 


38 


U,220 


2,680 


_ 


770 


1,486 


1,486 




2,334 


Surgical, osdlcal and hospital 


117 


18,869 


4,269 


2 


1,043 


2,250 


2,249 


1 


3.288 


All other 


24 


3,789 


848 


,M» 


274 


553 


552 


1 


444 


Serrlce equipment end auppllea 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


IB 


3,598 


1,042 


6 


204 


454 


448 


6 


161 


Laundrj 


50 


14,871 


3,648 





875 


2,308 


2,250 


58 


2,719 


Dpholsterers' 


43 


6,192 


1,304 





265 


565 


565 




937 


All other 


168 


31,316 


9,907 


6 


2,471 


4,680 


4,673 


7 


4,870 


1)ransportatlon equlinent and supplies 


9 


2,911 


940 


~ 


151 


516 


516 




242 


Ifitals and Uatel «ork (except ser^) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


271 


243.350 


23.986 


5 


7.041 


12.685 


12.615 


70 


42.027 


110 


106,011 


13,542 


.. 


3,984 


6,993 


6,950 


43 


17,616 


Structural Iron and steel 


43 


22,063 


3,326 


1 


1,258 


2,108 


2,106 


2 


5,710 


Vlre, wire fence and wire rope 


50 


27,282 


2,094 


2 


517 


1,050 


1,032 


18 


2,114 


Sheet metal products 


23 


19,350 


2,341 


1 


662 


896 


894 


2 


1,645 


All other 


45 


66,644 


2,883 


1 


620 


1,638 


1,633 


5 


14,942 


Paper and Its Products 


206 


190,420 


18,490 


6 


4,433 


9,168 


9,148 


20 


14,354 


Patroleom and Its Products 


56 


18,175 


3,801 


— 


814 


1,910 


1,904 


6 


1,981 


PluBblng and Heating Kqulpment and Spla. 


367 


102,251 


21,310 


8 


6,313 


9,701 


9,461 


240 


17,885 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


65 


407,526 


50,103 


7 


3,380 


7,007 


7,007 


— 


12,261 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals snd newspapers 


366 


167j468 


18,090 


19 


4,177 


8,916 


8.848 


68 


24.872 


48 


19,531 


5,493 


3 


1,362 


2,774 


2,772 


2 


4,999 


rorest products (except lunber) 


39 


12,170 


1,678 


1 


357 


707 


693 


14 


2,017 


Leather and leather goods 


90 


59,745 


4,239 


6 


942 


2,141 


2,118 


23 


8,105 


Oils and greases (animal aid Tegetabls) 


29 


29,639' 


1,026 





162 


441 


441 




1,021 


Textiles and materials other than 




















dry goods 


25 


19,389 


2,208 





398 


1,213 


1,212 


1 


5,045 i 


Tarns 


17 


18,915 


1,480 


1 


372 


759 


759 


_ 


2,897 ! 


mseellaneous kinds of business 


lie 


8.079 


1.966 


8 


584 


881 


853 


28 


788 


MANUFACTURE 


KS' SALES 


OFFICES 


WITHC 


)UT STOC 


KS 








UHITKD STAIB3 TCJUL 

iaasaBent and Sporting Goods 
MOTlng picture films 


4.196 


3.620.074 


239.889 


149 


42.895 


106.093 


105.266 


827 




140 


119.173 


19.265 


1 


5.552 


10.311 


10.309 


2 




131 


84,930 


12,127 


.. 


4,069 


6,444 


6,442 


2 


_. 


All other 


9 


34,243 


7,138 


1 


1,483 


3,867 


3,867 




— 


AatOKOtlTS 


36 


53,549 


3,575 


— 


688 


1,687 


1,6S6 


1 


— 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 


37 


81,280 


9,248 


— 


928 


2,470 


2,470 


— 


— 


Chemicals and Paints 


209 


190,157 


18,822 


1 


2,484 


7,164 


7,127 


37 


— 


Clothing and Pumishlngs 


208 


101,042 


7,572 


52 


1,286 


3,823 


3.784 


39 


— 


Coal and Coke 


6 


11,526 


348 


~ 


48 


136 


136 


— 


— 


Drugs and Qrag Sundries (specialty lines) 


31 


9,940 


2,135 


8 


518 


1,024 


1,014 


10 


~ 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Botlons 


1S3 


225,476 


8.182 


9 


1,685 


4.491 


4,472 


19 


__ 


22 


11,818 


787 


2 


266 


586 


586 






Piece goods 


107 


212,323 


7,154 


5 


1,315 


3,806 


3,788 


18 


,_ 


All other 


4 


1,335 


241 


2 


104 


99 


98 


1 


~ 


ELeotrleal Ooods 


263 


137,180 


8,367 


1 


1,655 


4,377 


4,285 


92 





(continued on next page) 






















at uaiDcon 




n. 















Vol. 1 - Page 66 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 
li>h- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors anc 

firm 
nembera 


Employees 
( fulltime 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-lime 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES (WITHOUT STOCKS) (Continued) 


Varm Products - consumer goods 


5 


»3.350 


$696 


— 


57 


$109 


#109 


~ 


— 


Fam Supplies 


33 


17.043 


2,293 


1 


343 


673 


651 


♦22 


~ 


Furniture and House Furnishings 


114 


56,079 


4,547 


17 


598 


1,643 


1,635 


8 


— 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 


206 


253,777 


34,223 


6 


3,243 


7,010 


7,004 


6 


— 


Hardware 


31 


10,072 


925 


1 


216 


541 


540 


1 


~ 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 


41 


6,518 


644 


7 


146 


402 


400 


2 


— 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


277 


169,299 


18,868 


6 


4,421 


9,994 


9,932 


62 


~ 


Uachlnery, Equipment and Supplies 
CODmercial mchnry., eqpt. and spls. 
Farm and dairy macliinery and equipment 
Industrial equipnent and supplies 
Industrial machinery 
Professional equipment and supplies 
Service equipment and supplies 
Transportation equipment and supplies 


1.146 


492,453 


31J.U 


19 


6,714 


17,847 


17,616 


231 


_. 


316 

9 

312 

345 

44 

72 

48 


21,647 

686 

272,174 

98,949 

3,626 

35,779 

59,592 


4,823 

149 
9,301 
10,821 
1,216 
2,624 
2,177 


9 
6 

4 


1,649 

43 

1,617 

2,261 

294 

501 

349 


3,653 
56 
4,598 
6,234 
689 
1,284 
1,333 


3,523 
56 
4,579 
6,159 
689 
1,281 
1,329 


130 

19 
75 

3 
4 


— 


Itotals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


476 


1,021,883 


29,371 


4 


5,502 


15,703 


15,625 


78 


— 


I^per and Its Products 


181 


136,643 


7,988 


3 


1,069 


3,282 


3,195 


87 


~ 


Petroleum and Its Products 


25 


46,880 


7,017 


1 


955 


2,350 


2,350 


— 


~ 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 


178 


22,954 


3,130 


3 


666 


1,497 


1,441 


56 


— 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


126 


316,336 


7,993 


1 


1,356 


2,781 


2,781 


~ 


— 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Forest Products (except lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yams 
Hlscellaneous kinds of business 


293 


137.267 


13,568 


8 


2,765 


6,778 


6,704 


74 





106 

70 

22 

6 

15 
22 
51 


31,788 

29,751 

10,620 

6,513 

6,950 

46,254 

5,391 


7,909 

1,599 

522 

205 

477 
1,416 
1,440 


2 
2 
2 

2 


1,716 

339 

127 

33 

89 
223 
238 


3,663 

1,051 

320 

130 

281 
681 
652 


3,660 

1,049 

319 

130 

271 
630 

645 


3 
2 

1 

10 

51 

7 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 




Petroleum and Its Products 


27.333 


2.704.047 


391,095 


3,546 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


#157,687 




AGENTS 


AND BKOK 


.ERS 








ADCTION COMPikHISS 

Farm Products - raw materials 
Horses and mules 
Livestock 
Tobacco (leaf) 
All other 


609 


382.857 


10.692 


630 


6.586 


6.094 


4,740 


1,354 


2,716 


469 


246.435 


7,558 


531 


5,547 


4,414 


3.184 


1.230 


2.226 


44 

137 

303 

5 


6,961 

51,200 

181,348 

6,936 


385 
1,120 
5,741 

312 


47 
137 
346 

1 


242 
1,332 
3,970 

103 


184 

S79 

3,460 

191 


148 

358 

2,493 

185 


36 
221 
967 


80 

194 

1,554 

396 


Fans Products - consuner goods 


SI 


128,967 


2,141 


3 


671 


1,201 


1,123 


78 


6 


Furniture and House Furnishings 


33 


1,893 


304 


29 


142 


141 


130 


U 


93 


General Merchandise 


16 


2,330 


231 


17 


75 


100 


85 


16 


49 


All Other Products 


50 


3,212 


458 


50 


150 


238 


218 


20 


342 


BEdERS 


3.922 


2.889.546 


39.411 


3.255 


9.885 


20.396 


20.002 


394 


10.810 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 


27 


13,769 


485 


16 


96 


229 


228 


1 


216 


Chemicals and Paints 


10 


4,738 


72 


5 


21 


42 


41 


1 


30 


(continued on next page) 





















' Includes no compeiuabon for propfielors and firm mcmb«n ol uDincorparal«d buMo — M. 



















Vol. I 


- Page 67 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

o( 
ettab- 
li<h. 
menu 


Net 
•aJe> 

I add 000) 


Operabng 
expenses 
{ including 
pay roll) 

(add 000) 


Active Employee* 
proprie- ( full-time 

tors and and part- 
firm time). Avg. 

nemben for year 


Pay Roll" 
iadd 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000} 


Toul 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BROKERS ( Continued ) 










BROCKBS (contlBued) 




















Clothing and Furnishings 


19 


♦3,752 


•108 


17 


36 


♦57 


•56 


«1 


13 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 
(spaolalt; lines) 


9 


4,878 


92 


9 


21 


52 


52 


__ 


__ 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Place goods 
All otber 


88 


198,426 


1,262 


112 


316 


766 


758 


8 


374 


81 
7 


198,277 
149 


1,256 

6 


102 
10 


312 

4 


762 
4 


755 
3 


7 

1 


372 
Z 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 
Qraln 

Hides, alclns, and furs (raw) 
I ITestock 
Itobaceo (leaf) 
lool and mohair 
All other 


708 


548,526 


5,269 


666 


1,149 


2,301 


2,240 


61 


1.284 


264 
165 
53 
144 
12 
36 
34 


165,185 
221,455 
23,832 
52,029 
670 
20,585 
64,770 


1,849 
1,447 
366 
792 
33 
177 
605 


256 
154 
43 
158 
11 
40 
24 


397 
331 
105 
177 
6 
23 
110 


612 
752 
189 
332 
19 
97 
300 


594 
743 
177 
313 
19 
96 
298 


18 

9 

12 

19 

1 
2 


618 

198 

105 

28 

4 

1 

330 


Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 
All other 


595 


231.658 


5,861 


469 


1,437 


2,623 


2,521 


102 


1,122 


23 

18 

30 

521 

3 


11,149 

16,555 

31,842 

172,263 

849 


162 

201 

353 

5,140 

5 


16 

11 

18 

421 

3 


36 

43 

70 

1,287 

2 


71 

110 

177 

2,265 


68 

109 

174 

2,170 


3 

1 

3 

95 


80 

24 

270 

748 


ram Supplies 
Feed 

Fertlllrer 
Seeds 


88 


48,683 


787 


75 


178 


322 


314 


8 


18 


64 

21 

S 


30,125 

17,885 

673 


505 
267 

15 


57 

16 

2 


119 

53 

6 


202 
111 

9 


1S6 

109 

9 


6 
2 


8 
10 


Orocerles (full line) 


13 


6,701 


166 


U 


40 


77 


77 


- 


UO 


Croceriss and Foods (specialty lints) 
Canned gooda 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Fish and sea foods 
Flour 

Heats and meat products 
Sugar 
Other food and grocery specialties 


1,743 


1.52S.176 


20. lU 


1,374 


5,381 


11,225 


11,086 


139 


7,231 


399 

122 

19 

1» 

95 

37 

213 

839 


267,459 

89,617 

6,011 

2,743 

56,680 

83,003 

521,872 

506,791 


4,953 
915 
111 
102 
797 
459 
4,202 
8,572 


291 

124 

19 

13 

91 

37 

137 

662 


1,306 

224 

39 

34 

165 

96 

975 

2,542 


2,830 

466 

68 

61 

323 

233 

2,366 

4,879 


2,800 

461 

65 

60 

317 

230 

2,345 

4,808 


30 
5 
3 
1 
6 
3 
20 
71 


1,832 

42 

9 

72 

U3 

2 

1,368 

3,773 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 


34 


1,081 


60 


34 


16 


26 


26 


- 


IS 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


43 


5,988 


251 


42 


84 


125 


123 


2 


~ 


Machinery, Equlpsiant and Supplies 


55 


2,327 


209 


42 


62 


96 


90 


6 


30 


Metals and Metal Vbrlc (except scrap) 


17 


2,371 


lU 


10 


31 


71 


71 


~ 


6 


Paper and Its Products 


58 


4,929 


285 


54 


94 


166 


160 


6 


2 


Petroleum and Its Products 


59 


57,876 


1,193 


aa 


IBS 


580 


557 


23 


56 


Waste Haterlsls 


57 


16,662 


734 


28 


140 


401 


395 


6 


49 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 

Forest products (except lumber) 

Leather and leather goods 

Oils and greases (animal and Tegetable) 

Rubber (crude) 

Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Tarns 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 


299 


214.005 


2.305 


260 


601 


1.237 


1,207 


30 


26S 


20 
24 
11 
45 

6 

6 

27 

160 


450 

1,662 

4,426 

124,776 

52,848 

3,062 
14,748 
12,034 


71 

81 

125 

901 

242 

27 
180 
678 


17 
26 

9 
29 

7 

7 
25 

140 


126 
47 
26 

128 
23 

6 

38 

207 


53 
54 

52 
489 
100 

12 

63 

414 


52 
485 

100 

12 

62 

405 


10 
6 

4 

1 
9 


13 

11 

6 

116 

10 

1 

105 


(continued on next page) 






















tn ot uttwc 




i>^ 















Vol. 1 - Page 68 




















CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

oi 
otab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
memben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll' 
(add 0001 


Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 


001.MIS3ION MSR0HANT3 
Ohomlcals and Paints 


3.135 


»2. 662, 491 


$67,364 


2.818 


18,298 


♦34.104 


♦33,089 


»1.015 


130,486 


11 


12,349 


429 


2 


85 


255 


255 




48 


Clothing and Fumlahings 

Clothing and/or fumlBhlngs (full line) 

Men '8 and boys' 

Woman's and children's 

Furs, dressed emd fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


48 


11.855 


492 


49 


123 


263 


261 


2 


97 


6 
12 
10 
6 
6 
4 
4 


985 
3,259 
5,381 

652 
1,247 

163 

168 


70 

155 

191 

26 

40 

5 

5 


5 
14 
U 

7 
4 
4 

4 


26 

25 

38 

8 

19 

5 

S 


46 
74 
99 
15 
26 
2 
X 


46 

73 
98 
15 
26 
2 
1 


1 
1 


66 
16 
15 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (spscialty linsa) 


7 


1,100 


132 


5 


26 


59 


59 


~ 


9 


Dry Goods (speolalty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


98 


269,053 


10,836 


72 


1.970 


5,144 


5.132 


12 


6.003 


11 

84 

3 


20,310 

248,304 

439 


3,376 

7,448 

12 


2 

67 
3 


575 

1,389 

6 


1,243 

3,892 

9 


1,242 

3,881 

9 


1 
11 


4,129 

1,871 

3 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 
Orain 

Hides, sicins, and furs (raw) 
Horses and mules 
LlTestock 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Vool and mohair 
a.1 other 


1,697 


1,785,947 


27,399 


1,695 


8.143 


13.339 


12.788 


551 


15.019 


189 

240 

101 

42 

976 

34 

83 

32 


157,224 

346,618 

20,406 

24,430 

1,139,285 

13,152 

77,101 

7,731 


3,265 
4,424 

771 

937 
15,484 

547 
1,733 

238 


196 
134 
94 
52 
1,083 
33 
75 
28 


594 

1,074 

192 

273 

5,260 

363 

323 

64 


i,oa 

2,307 
390 
279 

8,286 
300 
641 
115 


994 
2,279 
374 
247 
7,927 
247 
609 
111 


27 
28 
16 
32 
359 
53 
32 
4 


8,116 
510 
490 
261 

2,243 
464 

2,588 
347 


Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 
Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
AH other 


832 


387,622 


20,399 


694 


6,008 


10,940 


10,557 


383 


3.883 


4 

139 

37 

648 

4 


15,694 

55,863 

20,377 

294,117 

1,571 


338 

2,385 

652 

16,875 

149 


4 

114 

22 

552 

2 


35 

671 

179 

5,069 

54 


158 
1,318 

293 

9,092 

79 


156 
1,245 

280 

8,797 

79 


2 

73 

13 

295 


53 

723 

272 

2,754 

81 


Faim Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 


95 


25,609 


897 


75 


222 


417 


409 


8 


182 


68 

20 

7 


21,868 

2,922 

819 


732 

133 

32 


52 

17 

6 


160 

56 

6 


323 

85 

9 


318 

82 

9 


5 
3 


78 
75 

29 


Furniture and House Fumishisga 


22 


12,963 


599 


9 


157 


402 


400 


2 


53 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Fish and sea foods 
Flour 

Keats and meat products 
Other food and grocery specialties 


96 


74,540 


1,897 


72 


472 


981 


961 


20 


1,886 


39 
11 
12 
34 


29,645 
2,588 
5,560 

36,747 


619 

81 

249 

948 


29 
10 
11 
22 


154 
30 
66 

222 


351 

52 

145 

433 


342 

51 

145 

423 


9 

1 

10 


183 

49 

71 

1,583 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 


9 


238 


18 


9 


2 


1 


1 


~ 


4 


Paper and Its Products 


8 


1,570 


64 


5 


14 


38 


37 


1 


2 


Petroleum and Its Products 


11 


3,398 


128 


6 


30 


77 


77 


~ 


52 


Vasts Uaterlals 


19 


4,906 


257 


15 


45 


116 


113 


3 


230 


All Other Products 
Flowers and nursery stook 
Leather and leather goods 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Tama 
Ulsoellaneous kinds of business 


182 


71,341 


3,817 


110 


1,001 


2.072 


2,039 


33 


3,018 


70 
2B 

7 
28 
49 


9,073 
15,044 

7,568 
24,686 
14,970 


1,311 
565 

216 

1,167 

558 


35 
23 

7 

9 

36 


451 
164 

43 
198 
145 


722 
324 

89 
610 
327 


715 
323 

88 
601 
312 


7 

1 

1 

9 

15 


111 

1,467 

71 
812 
557 


(continued on neit page) 





















* tncludei no coinpen»«lion for propriclot* and (inn mcmbwrs ol uitincavpentM) buainw 



















Vol. 1 - 


Page 69 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating Active 
expenses proprie- 
( including tors and 
pay roll) Krm 
(add 000) nemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll* 
iadd 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 






KKPORT ACKNTS 
ianisaoant and Sporting Gooda 


496 


♦276.506 


•14,638 


305 


3.851 


»6.382 


♦6.306 


♦76 


♦3.802 


18 


1,930 


181 


9 


39 


95 


94 


1 


— 


AutoootlTe 

AutcoiotlTe aqulpmant 


26 


29,512 


1,569 


13 


226 


448 


448 





1,271 


17 


14,878 


342 


10 


105 


209 


209 


— 


60 


All other 


9 


14,634 


1,227 


3 


121 


239 


239 


— 


1,211 


Chamicals and Palnta 


18 


9.723 


1,659 


7 


67 


261 


243 


18 


42 


Clothloe and Tumlsblofs 


29 


4,894 


276 


26 


84 


128 


128 


— 


6 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (epaelalty Hoes) 


6 


392 


21 


8 


11 


13 


11 


2 


— 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 


17 


10,035 


690 


15 


191 


469 


467 


2 


1,494 


Electrical Goods 


32 


2,506 


292 


21 


76 


155 


151 


4 


1 


Farm Products - raw nBtertals 
Cotton 


53 


78.070 


3,249 


35 


1,862 


1,485 


1,472 


13 


639 


19 


9,954 


383 


25 


51 


112 


110 


2 


197 


Grain 


6 


27,936 


177 


1 


52 


129 


129 


— 


88 


Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 


4 


1,593 


53 


1 


28 


38 


36 


2 


254 


Tobacco (leaf) 


17 


34,237 


2,546 


4 


1,706 


1,178 


1,171 


7 


69 


All other 


7 


4,350 


90 


4 


25 


28 


26 


2 


31 


Farm Products . consumer goods 


20 


5,725 


150 


9 


35 


75 


75 


— 


5 


General Uerctaandlse 


25 


32,006 


1,283 


10 


264 


775 


774 


1 


65 


Groeerles and Foods (specialtjr lines) 


27 


12,265 


367 


21 


85 


183 


182 


1 


34 


Hardware 


6 


829 


57 


5 


14 


22 


22 


— 


1 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


63 


34,086 


1,767 


26 


283 


616 


611 


5 


22 


Machinery, Squlpmant and Supplies 


74 


19,915 


1,983 


45 


334 


1,011 


988 


23 


182 


Ustals and Uetal Work (except scrap) 


6 


12,758 


236 


3 


44 


137 


136 


1 


9 


Petrolatm and Its Products 


15 


4,617 


224 


4 


59 


123 


122 


1 


4 


Plumbing and Heating Squlpmant and Spls. 


5 


1,345 


86 


3 


27 


44 


44 


~ 


3 


Waste Uaterlals 


11 


8,804 


262 


4 


58 


172 


172 


— 


5 


All Other Products 


45 


7,094 


286 


41 


92 


170 


166 


4 


19 


mPCRT AGENTS 
Amusement and Sporting Goods 


335 


212.573 


10,357 


207 


1,272 


3,134 


3,064 


70 


5,478 


15 


2,501 


962 


9 


181 


462 


481 


1 


54 


Chemicals and Faints 


24 


16,665 


4,232 


9 


91 


304 


304 


~ 


42 


Clothing and Furnishings 


16 


3.250 


232 


11 


73 


147 


143 


4 


50 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (sjMCialty lines) 


8 


2,U8 


194 


5 


44 


126 


126 


— 


1 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 


26 


4,477 


191 


18 


4} 


93 


90 


3 


68 


FaiK Products • raw materials 


43 


38,838 


886 


32 


118 


327 


326 


1 


904 


Farm Products - consumer goods 


5 


1,753 


55 


2 


19 


34 


33 


1 


20 


Farm Supplies 


10 


6,273 


223 


4 


42 


99 


9« 


~ 


81 


Furniture and House Furnishings 


11 


1,049 


95 


9 


22 


45 


45 


.- 


24 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Coffee, tea and spices 


48 


44,259 


752 


34 


192 


377 


377 


.. 


289 


15 


21,357 


319 


16 


89 


182 


182 


.. 


£8 


Other food and grocery specialties 


33 


22,902 


433 


18 


103 


195 


195 


— 


261 


Hardware 


4 


152 


27 


2 


5 


7 


7 


.. 


6 


(continued on next page) 





















IndudM DO cQinp«ns«tion for proprivlon mad firm ra«iBb«n ot uBincoipocUad hnmn< 



Vol. I - Page 70 




















CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll , 

(add 0001 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
■nemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000 1 


Total 


Full-time 


Part time 


AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 


IMPORT AGEJTS (continued) 




















Lumber and Construetlon Materlale 


17 


#2,453 


♦178 


7 


46 


$82 


♦82 


~ 


♦19 


Uachlnery, Equlransnt and Suppllea 


33 


10,241 


395 


20 


93 


204 


194 


♦10 


381 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


21 


30,488 


687 


7 


130 


332 


286 


46 


325 


Paper and Its Products 


7 


3,283 


249 


8 


14 


37 


35 


2 


6 


All Other Products 


47 


44,773 


999 


30 


161 


438 


436 


2 


3,208 


MANWACTURER3' AGENTS 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras and motion picture eqpt. k spls. 
MoTing picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


7,548 


768,619 


44,092 


6,557 


14,300 


23,995 


22,906 


1,089 


12,902 


194 


15.395 


1.646 


183 


439 


731 


707 


24 


147 


7 

30 

18 

112 

27 


218 
2,661 
2,201 
8,225 
2,090 


44 
646 
104 
680 
172 


5 
19 

a 

U5 
23 


21 
137 

25 
208 

48 


28 

220 

33 

340 

UO 


27 

217 

31 

330 

102 


1 
3 
2 
10 
8 


9 
18 
33 
58 
29 


AutomotlTe 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 


404 


33,550 


2,145 


373 


683 


1.091 


1.047 


44 


942 


15 

367 

22 


1,931 

31,231 

388 


262 

1,840 
43 


15 

338 

20 


52 

611 

20 


120 

947 

24 


119 

906 

22 


1 

41 

2 


24 

819 
99 


Beer, Wines and Llquore 

Beer and other fenaented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


26 


3.715 


180 


22 


56 


104 


103 


1 


59 


3 
23 


33 
3,682 


2 
178 


4 
18 


1 
55 


1 
103 


1 
102 


1 


59 


Chemicals and Paints 
Dye straffs 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


314 


36,741 


2,141 


246 


621 


1,181 


1,126 


55 


559 


5 

8 

57 

7 

67 

170 


339 

239 

18,187 

1,418 

6,465 

10,093 


72 
46 

947 

39 

418 

619 


2 

2 

39 

5 

50 

148 


16 

15 

198 

14 

136 

242 


42 

18 
510 

21 
266 
324 


41 

17 

502 

21 

240 

305 


1 
1 
8 

26 

19 


16 
444 
23 
29 
47 


Clothing and Furnishings 

Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 

Men's and boys' 

Women's and children's 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


636 


76,507 


2,873 


652 


772 


1.275 


1.222 


53 


382 


72 
116 
264 

36 
45 
57 
46 


12,670 
10,623 
32,481 
3,819 
6,061 
5,145 
5,708 


492 

346 
1,185 
192 
288 
211 
165 


79 
123 
256 
39 
47 
65 
43 


124 
71 

333 
47 

102 
46 
49 


239 

126 

531 

70 

161 

90 

58 


238 

118 

498 

68 

161 

89 

50 


1 

8 

33 

2 

1 
8 


23 

16 

125 

151 

34 

29 

4 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 
Patent medicines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


92 


10.755 


678 


91 


269 


380 


375 


5 


177 


18 
13 
45 
16 


2,481 

728 

3,138 

4,408 


100 

67 

191 

314 


18 
14 
46 
13 


52 

28 

65 

124 


60 

54 

89 

177 


58 

53 

87 

177 


2 
1 
8 


84 

2 

29 

62 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


463 


70.245 


1,777 


443 


560 


967 


948 


19 


1,391 


86 

338 

39 


5,923 

61,130 

3,192 


302 

1,370 

105 


86 

318 

39 


118 

411 

31 


161 

762 

44 


157 

747 

44 


4 

;l6 


523 

852 

16 


Electrical Goods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 
Apparatus and equlposnt 
Wiring supplies and construction material 
Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


579 


41,914 


2,802 


495 


1,020 


1,503 


1,451 


Ji2 


1,682 


6 
140 
219 
214 


1,171 

8,953 

19,717 

12,073 


64 

668 

1,227 

343 


5 
108 
182 
200 


22 

251 
401 
346 


36 
389 
667 

411 


32 
380 
649 
390 


4 

9 
13 
21 


24 

320 

1,010 

328 


?ax:ii Products - consumer goods 


4 


1,699 


30 


4 


6 


8 


8 


— 


— 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 
Fertilizer 

All other 


34 


3.649 


153 


38 


37 


53 


47 


6 


14 


6 
22 

6 


1,943 
997 
709 


72 
41 
40 


6 

25 

7 


15 

10 
12 


29 

8 

16 


25 

6 

16 


4 
2 


7 
7 


(continued on next page) 





















Include* no compcnaation lor propnctoTt and tirm nicml>«n ol uDincorporslod buin ■>« «< ■ 



















Vol. 1 - 


Page 71 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 






















UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

o( 
e»t«b- 

lish. 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 

( Including 
pay Toll ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 




AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 


MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS (continued) 




















Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 


308 


»35.577 


♦1.872 


285 


597 


»1.036 


t992 


»44 


$286 


71 


8,057 


538 


54 


178 


330 


314 


16 


25 


Floor coverings 


34 


2,373 


106 


33 


36 


47 


42 


5 


40 


Furniture (household and office) 


82 


8,360 


646 


79 


200 


382 


368 


14 


175 


House furnishings (except as specified) 


118 


16,500 


567 


114 


181 


275 


266 


9 


46 


Musical Instruments and sheet music 


3 


287 


15 


5 


2 


2 


2 


— 


- 


Groceries and Foods, (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


246 


98,975 


2,188 


200 


697 


1.260 


1,236 


24 


1,359 


56 


20,560 


436 


49 


156 


239 


232 


7 


195 


Confectionery 


14 


2,622 


71 


10 


30 


49 


49 





4 


Flour 


14 


5,947 


116 


13 


31 


63 


59 


4 


3 


Sugar 


9 


16,730 


190 


4 


44 


123 


123 





30 


Other food and grocery specialties 


153 


53,116 


1,373 


124 


436 


786 


773 


13 


1,127 


Hardware 

Hardware (full line) 


266 


24,261 


1,270 


243 


444 


680 


649 


31 


391 


13 


3,138 


141 


16 


45 


68 


68 





57 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


253 


21,123 


1,129 


227 


399 


612 


581 


31 


324 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


74 


3.807 


264 


70 


82 


144 


141 


3 


201 


5 


746 


99 


3 


25 


51 


51 





40 


Clocks and watches 


4 


224 


10 


4 


1 


3 


3 


__ 




Other Jewelry specialties 


65 


2,837 


175 


63 


56 


90 


87 


3 


161 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


349 


17.630 


1.934 


277 


683 


1.071 


944 


127 


258 


172 


6,955 


837 


136 


328 


509 


420 


89 


68 


Lumber and mlllwork 


51 


3,520 


192 


45 


64 


88 


82 


6 


125 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


61 


3,970 


609 


42 


180 


287 


270 


17 


32 


Cement, lime and plaster 


9 


930 


86 


6 


29 


67 


60 


7 


3 


Glass 


26 


1,181 


114 


24 


41 


70 


67 


3 


24 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


6 


153 


30 


5 


10 


18 


18 







,U1 other 


24 


921 


66 


17 


31 


32 


27 


5 


6 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Commercial mchnry, eqpt., and spls. 


2.166 


150,561 


14,670 


1.725 


4.279 


8.130 


7.740 


390 


3,148 




















Office (except furniture) 


114 


3,100 


676 


100 


248 


434 


424 


10 


153 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


160 


6,586 


824 


146 


312 


503 


451 


52 


165 


All other 


26 


1,446 


292 


17 


62 


157 


155 


2 


64 


Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 


58 


2,846 


323 


50 


121 


204 


196 


6 


213 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


6 


745 


42 


4 


10 


27 


27 





15 


Belting, hose and packing 


80 


6,065 


493 


62 


164 


303 


296 


7 


49 


Power transmission equipment 


36 


1,773 


156 


30 


60 


80 


76 


4 


66 


Rope , cordage and twine 


20 


2,973 


190 


17 


48 


110 


109 


1 


47 


All other 


525 


38,277 


2,855 


435 


894 


1,519 


1,428 


91 


556 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (Including road building) 


93 


5,407 


575 


62 


193 


334 


326 


6 


276 


Machine tools 


84 


12,184 


1,079 


55 


248 


676 


660 


16 


72 


Mining and quarrying 


44 


2,388 


269 


33 


76 


143 


140 


3 


46 


Oil well and oil refining 


34 


4,554 


457 


27 


84 


217 


213 


4 


265 


Power plant 


154 


11,246 


1,036 


106 


315 


628 


602 


26 


192 


Textile 


15 


1,864 


95 


11 


IB 


44 


43 


1 





Used machinery and equipment 


3 


96 


22 


2 


4 


7 


6 


1 


5 


All other 


212 


12,053 


1,146 


174 


377 


632 


587 


45 


222 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


11 


228 


33 


8 


19 


22 


22 


__ 


19 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


32 


2,589 


195 


29 


80 


135 


133 


2 


55 


All other 


29 


831 


107 


24 


51 


64 


63 


1 


45 


Service equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


46 


898 


191 


33 


75 


86 


83 


3 


16 


Laundry 


13 


437 


67 


13 


26 


33 


32 


1 


36 


Upholsterers 


37 


5,443 


252 


26 


81 


147 


139 


8 


46 


All other 


160 


3,026 


386 


153 


175 


184 


169 


15 


64 


Transportation equipment and supplies 




















Aircraft and aeronautical 


5 


3.328 


166 


3 


34 


101 


100 


1 


168 


Railroad 


143 


19,269 


2,545 


85 


459 


1,240 


1,156 


82 


274 


Boats (including motor, sail and stean, 


7 


128 


23 


5 


12 


17 


17 





2 


All other 


19 


781 


155 


15 


31 


83 


83 




19 



' Includes no compensation (or proprieton and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



Vol. 1 Page 72 




















CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: i935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 


Net 
sales 

ladd 0001 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 
(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

iirm 
members 


Employees 
(fulitime 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

f)and, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 


MANUrACTUHERS' AGfiNTS (continued) 




















Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
' Iron and steel (except structural) 
j Structural Iron and steel 
1 Wire , wire fence and wire rope 
Copper 

Sheet metal products 
Other metals and metal work 


283 


*38.29e 


$1,676 


236 


449 


♦1.041 


♦l.OOl 


»40 


4272 


125 
30 
29 
7 
27 
65 


23,246 
2,436 
2,468 
1,076 
2,630 
6,442 


993 
154 
164 
46 
105 
214 


104 
20 
21 
4 
27 
60 


219 
48 
58 
21 
35 
68 


481 
85 

110 
26 
47 

292 


461 
77 

103 
26 
44 

290 


20 
6 
7 

3 
2 


61 
14 
93 
21 
3 
60 


Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 
Stationery and stationery supplies 
All other 


149 


15,347 


824 


144 


288 


482 


464 


18 


117 


89 

56 

4 


13,115 

2,192 

40 


660 

163 

1 


83 

57 

4 


218 

69 

1 


399 
82 

1 


386 
77 

1 


13 
5 


44 

72 

1 


Petroleum and Its Products 


16 


922 


68 


17 


15 


31 


31 


-- 


27 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 
Heating (including stoves and ranges) 
Plumbing fixtxires, equipment and apis. 
All other 


399 


23,123 


2.182 


302 


768 


1,248 


1,197 


51 


524 


8 

98 

146 

147 


738 

4,061 

U,195 

7,129 


44 

536 
796 
806 


8 

70 

122 

102 


20 
184 
280 
284 


18 
309 
460 
461 


15 
299 
440 
443 


3 
10 
20 
18 


4i 

77 

272 

129 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Forest products (except lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oil and greases (animal and vegetable) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yams 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 


546 


65,948 


2.705 


511 


1.535 


1.579 


1.477 


102 


966 


259 

17 

87 

9 

12 

31 

131 


14,087 
4,095 

19,905 
5,958 

600 
11,027 
10,276 


1,368 

114 

373 

99 

18 
199 
534 


230 

12 

92 

6 

13 

23 

135 


1,157 

28 

101 

20 

3 

44 

182 


897 
65 

188 
52 

2 
120 
255 


809 
64 

186 
52 

2 
118 
246 


88 
1 
2 

2 
9 


753 
5 

123 
3 

e 

20 
54 


SELLING AGENTS 
Amusement and Sporting Goods 


1,712 


1.439,710 


63.412 


885 


11,759 


31.228 


30.802 


426 


23.179 


15 


3,933 


473 


13 


145 


231 


229 


2 


132 


Automotive 


10 


2,725 


169 


3 


40 


75 


75 


~ 


35 


j Beer, Wines and Liquors 
[ Chemicals and Paints 


9 


2,226 


150 


8 


37 


79 


78 


1 


35 


43 


18,211 


1,324 


21 


198 


497 


491 


6 


836 


! Clothing and Furnishings 

1 Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 

Men's and boy«' 

Women's and children's 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


137 


110,035 


3,942 


123 


829 


2,381 


2,376 


5 


136 


31 
30 
31 
28 
8 
9 


34,910 
12,831 
18,951 
36,840 
2,398 
4,105 


1,350 

450 

619 

1,348 

98 

77 


31 
27 
35 
18 
6 
6 


281 
140 
117 
250 
24 
17 


862 
289 
333 
811 
49 
37 


859 
286 
333 
810 
49 
37 


3 

1 

1 


21 
60 

S 
27 
20 

3 


, Coal and Coke 


418 


423,580 


25,123 


69 


3,830 


9,966 


9,791 


175 


12,443 


Drugs and Drug Simdries (specialty linos) 


15 


6,256 


700 


3 


262 


416 


416 


- 


~ 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Not ions 
Piece goods 
All other 


226 


457,761 


13,521 


142 


2,729 


8.299 


8.249 


50 


3.197 


6 
218 

4 


1,468 

455,657 

636 


99 

13,369 

55 


6 

131 

5 


43 

2,676 

IC 


55 

8,224 

20 


44 

8,185 
20 


11 
39 


3,197 


Electrical Goods 


20 


1,261 


239 


14 


104 


151 


151 


— 


65 


FaiTQ Products - raw materials 


18 


11,916 


312 


15 


62 


128 


127 


1 


79 


Faxra Products - consumer goods 


6 


8,595 


258 


1 


45 


97 


92 


5 


73 


Farm Supplies 


59 


3,082 


149 


57 


47 


78 


73 


5 


47 


Furniture and House Fumlahings 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 


40 


21,928 


990 


15 


237 


611 


595 


16 


1,029 


3 
20 

6 
11 


508 

13,951 

1,294 

6,175 


19 
604 

93 
274 


3 
2 
3 
7 


8 

151 

28 

50 


10 
403 

57 
141 


10 
388 

57 
140 


15 

1 


968 

1 
60 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 


45 


33,275 


1,012 


34 


176 


490 


487 


5 


577 


(continued on next page) 





















compenaation (or pToprJelort. and firm membei 



irpoTSled buiincMCS. 



















Vol. I 


- Page 73 


[CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

: WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

ol 

otsb- 

lUh- 

ments 


Net 
saies 

; add OOO 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

lirin 
members 


Employees 
( hill-time 
and part- 
lime). Avg. 
for year 


( 


Pay Roll" 
add 000) 




Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Ful|.time 


Part-Ume 




AGENTS AND BROKERS (Continued) 




flUT.TIHG ACBJTS (eantlauadl 




















Eardirare 


8 


(3,115 


»291 


4 


68 


|149 


$138 


•11 


♦30 


Lumber and Construction Uatsrltds 
Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and mlllmrlc 
Brlek, tile and terra eotta 
Cement , lime and plaster 
Sand, grarel and crushed stone 
All other 


299 


75,E80 


4.390 


179 


1,100 


2,354 


2.285 


69 


762 


18 
SOS 
14 
7 
37 
18 


1,279 
52,435 

2,134 

781 

15,862 

2,789 


200 
3,160 
808 
98 
536 
188 


11 

129 

14 

9 


62 
774 

59 

23 
126 

56 


100 
1,651 
129 
53 
318 
103 


95 

1,598 

126 

51 
316 

99 


5 

S3 

3 

2 
8 

i 


15 

499 

10 

233 

5 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 


152 


26,341 


8,993 


80 


709 


1,754 


1,719 


33 


947 


Ustals and Metal Kork (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 
Structural iron and steel 
Wire, wire fence and wire rope 
Other metals and metal work 


46 


87,074 


2,4a 


21 


403 


1,242 


i.a? 


25 


712 


26 

4 

3 

13 


37,694 

613 

1,032 

47,686 


1,225 
29 

48 
1,119 


7 
7 
1 
6 


ao 

6 

12 
175 


577 

6 

28 

631 


573 

3 

28 

613 


4 
3 

18 


565 
8 

14S 


Paper and Its Products 


25 


13,706 


584 


20 


128 


358 


356 


2 


35 


Pluabin« and Beating Equipment and Spls. 


21 


1,252 


407 


7 


91 


167 


165 


2 


109 


Waste liatsrlals 


15 


7,732 


456 


6 


45 


155 


194 


1 


78 


All ether Products 


83 


120,426 


3,508 


50 


474 


1,550 


1.538 


12 


2,024 


Books, periodicals and newspapers 

Forest products (except lumber) 

Leather and leather goods 

Oils and greases (animal and regetabla) 

Tarns 

Miscellaneous kinds of business 


6 
10 
19 

5 
25 
18 


3,107 

18,160 

5,588 

4,956 

77,160 
10,455 


381 
570 
174 
212 
1,752 
419 


1 

2 

16 

3 

18 

10 


125 
72 
35 
16 

127 
99 


255 
359 
81 
63 
522 
270 


254 

358 

74 

63 

520 

269 


1 

1 
7 

2 

1 


205" 

1,427 

72 

200 

44 

76 


OTHKR AffiSNTS 
Clothing and furnishings 


390 


875.774 


6,783 


293 


2.335 


4,533 


4.506 


87 


.198 


309 


205.679 


4,951 


247 


1,775 


3.470 


3.4S6 


14 


38 


Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 

Men's and boys' 

Women's and children's 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

All other 


37 

9 

£16 

26 

21 


20,560 

1,649 

172,012 

4,587 
6,571 


517 
102 
3,992 
102 
238 


29 

6 

171 

23 

18 


200 

33 

1,403 

35 

104 


328 

84 

2,865 

55 

140 


327 

84 

2,852 

55 

138 


1 

11 

2 


15 
84 

1 


Dry Goods (full line) 


5 


14,1C1 


58 


3 


25 


38 


37 


1 


— 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 


16 


5,034 


118 


10 


41 


76 


76 


~ 


— 


General Merchandise 


6 


23,416 


557 


9 


209 


376 


372 


4 


~ 


Groceries (full line) 


8 


4,864 


96 


6 


39 


58 


58 


— 


10 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 


10 


10,250 


177 


1 


33 


79 


75 


4 


56 


All Other Products 


36 


12,130 


826 


17 


as 


436 


432 


4 


88 


ASSEMBLERS 


COtJNTRY BUYERS OF FAHU PRODUCTS 

Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 
Grain 

Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 
Horses and mules 
LiTe stock 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
All other 


10,813 


646,147 


32,981 


10,635 


a, 028 


14,795 


12.584 


2,211 


88,633 


6,088 


425,804 


18,505 


5,096 


9,913 


7,650 


6,735 


915 


83,124 


1,151 
363 
449 
257 

2,137 
241 
119 
371 


146,336 

25,187 

10,452 

9,175 

145,355 

71,391 

7,187 

10,721 


2,933 

1,068 

923 

791 

5,636 

6,235 

204 

715 


1,216 
257 
445 
303 

2,269 
121 
139 
346 


1,093 

697 

603 

382 

2,509 

4,005 

la 

503 


913 

461 

486 

266 

1,852 

3,289 

93 

290 


767 

359 

393 

241 

1,595 

3,067 

79 

234 


146 

108 

93 

25 

257 

822 

14 

56 


3,609 

1,836 

1,814 

497 

2,445 

72,183 

320 

520 


(continued on next page) 





















■ tncludea no comp«nAalion for propriMon siid firm mcmbar* of unincorporsted buaineMCB. 



Vol. 1 - Page 74 


















, 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE l.-SAI,K.S. EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 


Net 
talei 

(add 000) 


Operating Active 
expense! proprie- 
(including (ore «nd 
pay 'oil) (inn 
{add 000) nemben 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll' 
(add 000) 


Stock* on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-lime 


ASSEMBLERS (Continued) 


CODNTRT BUidJtia or TAHM 
PROroCTS (continued) 


5,008 


tl93,918 


♦11.996 


4JB6S 


8,928 


♦5,827 


♦4.927 


♦900 


♦4,111 


Fann Products vSonBumer goods 
Dairy products 
Poultry md poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Frulta and Tsgetablas (fresh) 
All other 

Fann Supplies 

Grocerlsa and foods (specialty lines) 

All Other Products 

Flowers and nursery stock 
Forest products (except lumber) 
Ulscellaneoos kinds of business 

CHSAM STATIOSS 

Farm Products - consumer gjods 

COOEBRATIVE MARKBTDJG ASSOCIATIOMS 

Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 
Grain 
LlTsstook 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
All other 

Farm Products - consuner goods 
Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
All other 

Fam Supplies 

Groaerlss and Foods (specialty lines) 

All Other Products 

ELE7AT0RS (GRAIN) 

Farm Products - raw materials 

All Other Products 

PACKERS AND 3IIPEXSS 

Fam Products - consumer goods 
Fruits and Togetables (fresh) 
All other 

Orocsrles and Foods (specialty lines) 
Fish and sea foods 
Other food and grocery specialties 

All Other Products 


71 

1,985 

2,145 

788 

23 

385 

93 

299 


6,026 

90,767 

65,185 

31,065 

935 

12,026 

9,957 

4,442 


864 

4,923 

5,409 

2,743 

55 

960 

733 

787 


6t 

1,880 

8U9 

786 

16 

3S8 

49 
295 


lit 

3,649 
3,866 

1,809 
42 

583 

1,078 

526 


3«6 

2,375 

1,752 

1,501 

31 

430 

456 

432 


359 

1.988 

1,640 

1,011 

29 

333 

198 

391 


9 

387 

218 

890 

2 

97 

858 

41 


SS 

1.485 

1,442 

1,149 

7 

451 

940 

407 


159 

152 

8 

5.619 


1.536 

2,921 

185 

29.854 


336 

409 

42 

1.479 


165 

181 

9 

8J339 


261 

241 

24 

2.232 


180 

238 

14 

1.035 


175 

803 

13 

882 


5 
SB 

1 

151 


69 
388 

16 

888 


5,619 
2.U7 


29,854 

955.727 


1,479 
60.318 


2,239 


2,832 
22.698 


1.033 
23.406 


882 
20.504 


151 
8.902 


88S 

98.997 


820 


470.700 


17.989 


„ 


4.139 


5.837 


5.486 


351 


50.979 


209 

225 

357 

18 

16 

15 

1.133 


141,878 
132,461 
163,653 

2,469 
25,756 

7,089 

450.440 


7,980 
5,561 
2,550 

192 
1,481 

425 

S8.8U 


— 


987 

1,528 

1.218 

180 

189 

97 

17.190 


1.615 

2.120 

1.429 

127 

381 

16B 

16.236 


1,552 

2,007 

1,388 

86 

362 

151 

14.040 


63 

113 

101 

41 

19 

14 

2.196 


34,401 

15,190 

498 

2,758 

136 

46 

4.009 


536 

138 

442 

17 

106 

55 

3 

8.462 


175,085 

59,577 

215,966 

1,872 

12,634 

21,579 

574 

600.565 


11,732 

4,715 

22,230 

134 

1,063 

2,425 

38 

30.147 


8.751 


4.063 

2,628 

10.431 

68 

517 

889 

17 

16.164 


5.013 

2.579 

8,586 

58 

546 

769 

18 

15.160 


4,921 

2,919 

6.542 

58 

509 

455 

18 

13.769 


92 

60 
2,044 

41 

314 

1.391 


1,710 

967 

1,268 

64 

897 

2,698 

14 

41.756 


8,380 

82 

1,504 


595,734 

4,629 

230,920 


29,746 

401 

41,320 


2,703 

48 

1,070 


15.944 

220 

25,262 


14,967 

193 

20,007 


13.589 

180 

15,088 


1,378 

13 

4,919 


41,489 

867 

%9V 


1,054 


191.756 


35.444 


592 


80.803 


16.903 


18.595 


4.308 


4.788 


1,032 
22 

441 


184,326 
7,430 

S?,9S7 


54,716 
728 

5,780 


585 

7 

470 


19,787 
416 

4,951 


16,616 
287 

3,039 


12,372 
223 

8,444 


4,244 
64 

599 


4,4«1 
862 

i.m 


385 
56 

9 


22,835 
15,102 

1,227 


4,743 
1,037 

96 


426 
44 

8 


4,416 
555 

108 


2.575 
464 

69 


2,04t 
400 

49 


551 
64 

16 


9n 

188 























" lBcl»d«s DO compcnMtion tor propnelon mad Hwrn nMinbcn «l unincafpantaa b — t n wM, l/ loumuch u it wm impracticftbie lo obUin cmploymeni and pay-roll for commi»«OD 
bulk tank Blation*. these data are not included. 2/ Includes •tockt not owned but held od consignment valued at $124,872,000. 



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Vol. I - Page 79 



Page 80 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY 














WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 193S 
























• 


ABLE 3-A, ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENI 


AND PAY ROLL 










(Figures are (or week ending October 26, 1935, except 


where such 


period was not representative. 










In such cases one week of representative employment is given. 










fc^tablishments which reported irrcgu 


ar employm 


ent (or occasional months and thos 


e having 


no paid employees are 


not includedj 








Tot 


al, all establish 


ments 




Eilabiithmenls analyred in 


E<u[> 


ishmenis not analyzed | 


TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 














table 3.b 




in Table 


3-B 


Number 

ol 

estab- 


Fullum. 


emptoyees 


Parl-Iime employees 


NumbF, 


Full-time employees 


Number 


Full-time employees j 


Number 


Pay roll 
lof week 


Number 


Pay roll 
for week 


ol 
eatab 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


ol 
eatab- 


Numhri 


Pay roll 
for week 




lishmenu 










lishments 






lishmenu 






nu^sixnci and umrm-riracTioN 
























raoLIEALS3iS 
Amuteneat and sporrlii^ goods 


79,510 


749,829 


♦22,931,38: 


56,478 


t630,C03 


74,427 


678,064 


♦20.830,615 5,083 


71,765 


#£,100.768 


974 


7,044 


227, 35« 


600 


7,826 


939 


6,808 


219,117 35 


2S6 


81241 


Automot ire 


5,368 


49,822 


1,496,180 


1,630 


20,490 


5,096 


46,601 


1,395,997 272 


3,221 


100,183 


Boor, wines and ll:iuora 


4,963 


31,947 


919, 94C 


2,546 


29,653 


4,663 


29,360 


855,202 300 


2.597 


64,738 


Chemloals and paints 


1,316 


10,564 


390,856 


493 


7,086 


1,190 


9,316 


343,663 126 


1,248 


47,193 


Clothing and furnishings 


3,430 


24,791 


859,279 


1,116 


14,906 


3,207 


21,637 


750,65' 


223 


3,154 


108.622 


Coal and colce 


733 


8,657 


321,882 


924 


13,211 


687 


7,908 


297,007 46 


749 


24,876 


Drugs (full 11ns) 


295 


15,245 


444,159 


161 


2,000 


270 


13,616 


402 , 905 26 


1,629 


41,354 


Drugs and drug sundries 
























(specialty lines) 


1,076 


7,925 


252,376 


523 


5,774 


952 


6,194 


202,676 124 


1,731 


49,702 


Dry goods (full line) 


302 


14,613 


437,397 


146 


1,957 


276 


13,545 


407,056 26 


1,068 


30,342 


Dry goods (specialty llnee) 


2,826 


22,803 


836,666 


841 


13,240 


2,670 


20,648 


762,10lj 155 


2,155 


74,565 


Electrical goods 


2,331 


30,304 


1,050,706 


897 


13,581 


2,271 


29,477 


1,026,61! 


60 


827 


24,096 


Farra products - raw materials 


2,040 


18,575 


623,646 


9,699 


81,785 


1,899 


16,987 


571.89: 


141 


1,588 


51,755 


Farm products - consumer goods 


9,863 


75,095 


2,105,0i: 


7,477 


78,978 


9,383 


67,742 


1,918,29; 


480 


7,363 


186,722 


Fans supplies 


1,352 


12,487 


326,462 


1,988 


24,049 


1,162 


10,634 


280,671 


200 


1,863 


44,791 


Furniture and house fumiahlnga 


1,668 


13,867 


455,022 


760 


10,063 


1,536 


11,689 


367,710 


132 


2,178 


67,312 


General merchandise 


209 


9,558 


271,757 


301 


4,314 


200 


9,299 


267 , 14C 


9 


259 


4,617 


Groceries (full line) 


3,B17 


67,380 


1,929,663 


1,603 


16,953 


3,526 


62,713 


1,809,737 


291 


: 4,667 


119,926 


Groceries and foods 
























(specialty llnee) 


10,227 


79,480 


2,184,531 


8,432 


73,394 


9,608 


71,417 


1,975,236 


619 


8,063 


209,295 


Hardware 


1,081 


30,792 


920,184 


534 


6,918 


1,016 


26,894 


792,881 


66 


3,898 


127,303 


Jewelry and optical goods 


1,487 


U,294 


368,191 


345 


6,103 


1,343 


8,974 


292,304 


144 


2,320 i 75,887| 


Lumber and construction materials 


2,649 


25,989 


840,640 


2,725 


46,350 


2,329 


22,587 


740 , 67S 


320 


3,402 


99,961 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


6,705 


56,580 


1,887,628 


2,928 


42,037 


6,289 


61,849 


1.738,016 


416 


4,731 


149,612 


Uetals and metal work 
























(except scrap) 


780 


10,652 


377,259 


527 


8,670 


698 


9,296 


322,306 


82 


1,357 


54,951 


Paper end its products 


2,313 


25,376 


865,811 


959 


12,731 


2,178 


23,016 


785,362 


136 


2,361 i 80,449{ 


Petroleum end its products 


561 


4,444 


166,970 


231 


2,806 


520 


3,712 


130,622 


41 


732 


26,348 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


1,688 


16,779 


532,083 


1,036 


13,102 


1,607 


15,619 


493,927 


81 


1,160 


38,156 


: Tobacco and its products 
























! (except leaf) 


1,922 


14,564 


506,995 


570 


5,564 


1,845 


13,763 


485,567 


77 


811 


23,436 


j Waste msteriele 


3,920 


28,069 


591,262 


3,843 


38,074 


3,774 


25,976 


645,106 


146 


2,094 


46,156 


1 All other 


3,615 


25,133 


750,459 


2,764 


30,990 


3,303 


20,810 


630,281 


312 


4,323 


120,178 


^■OFACTITOES' SALES BRAi;CHH5 
























1 (MITH STOCKS) 

Amuseo.ent and sporting goods 


U,6oa 


213,037 


8,011,250 


5,708 


80,980 


10,375 


188,577 


7,074,617 


1,233 


24,460 


936,7331 


241 


5,590 


188,216 


42 


683 


241 


5,590 


188,215 


— 


— 


... 


Automotive 


895 


23,863 


908,375 


415 


6,975 


819 


21,770 


823,560 


76 


2,093 


84,815! 


Beer, wines and liquors 


373 


5,708 


236,520 


157 


1,768 


358 


5,149 


210,369 


16 


559 


26, 151 i 


Cbemicels and paints 


560 


11,115 


497,958 


382 


6,169 


536 


10,616 


466,052 


24 


499 


32,906 


Clothing end furnishings 


342 


9,266 


388,140 


145 


2,652 


321 


8,593 


366,053 


21 


663 


22,087 


Coal and coke 


10 


3S4 


13,569 


9 


94 


6 


53 


2,131 


4 


301 


11,438 


Drugs and drug sundries 


266 


7,074 


267,419 


44 


426 


220 


6,629 


248,882 


46 


445 


18,537 


Dry goods 


207 


4,630 


198,833 


64 


1,227 


195 


4,089 


178,002 


12 


541 


20,831 


Electrical goods 


428 


7,813 


344,771 


169 


2,102 


407 


7,522 


333.175 


21 


291 


11,596 


Farm products - consumer goods 


327 


4,441 


141,980 


152 


2,162 


308 


3,880 


124,196 


19 


561 


17,784 


Farm supplies 


74 


940 


35,836 


75 


1,725 


64 


730 


27,273 


10 


210 


8,563 


Furniture and bouse fumiahlnga 


244 


2,465 


96,594 


98 


1,167 


221 


2,177 


86,366 


23 


288 


10,228 


Groceries and foods 
























(specialty lines) 


3,102 


50,694 


1,719,669 


1,524 


16,805 


2,834 


46,659 


1,563,750 


268 


4,035 


156,919 


Hardware 


62 


716 


28,277 


12 


231 


49 


522 


19,448 


13 


194 


8,829 


Jewelry end optical goods 


248 


3,123 


101,751 


48 


245 


186 


1,653 


57,300 


62 


1,470 


44,451 


Lumber and construction mflterials 


260 


6,236 


203,709 


624 


8,698 


217 


4,252 


166,333 


43 


983 


37,376 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


2,640 


43,559 


1,546,303 


922 


17,308 


2,213 


36,362 


1,372.064 


427 


7,207 


£74,239 


Metals and metal work 
























(except scrap) 


271 


7,428 


267 , 675 


139 


1,381 


253 


6,621 


244,441 


IS 


807 


23,234 


Paper end Its products 


205 


4,477 


179,520 


39 


442 


173 


3,212 


126,151 


32 


1,265 


53,369 


Petroleum and its products 


56 


831 


36,130 


10 


122 


53 


808 


36,474 


3 


23 


656 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and apla. 


367 


6,033 


193,342 


612 


6,561 


318 


6,326 


174,674 


49 


705 


16,668 


Tobecco end ite products 
























(except leaf) 


6S 


3,433 


138,604 


1 


18 


51 


3,046 


120,364 


14 


367 


16,140 


All other 


365 


4,269 


178,160 


136 


2,029 


332 


3,326 


141,244 


33 


933 


36,916 


liANTJFACTtJREES' .SAIZS OFFICBS 
























(WlfflOUT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


4,168 


43,164 


2,059,944 


692 


16,164 


3,641 


34,328 


1.677,876 


627 


8.836 


382,068 


139 


5,665 


198,986 


6 


37 


108 


4,656 


173,598 


31 


1,009 


25,388 


Automotive 


36 


706 


34,916 


2 


26 


28 


653 


30,850 


8 


53 


4,066 


Beer, wines and liquors 


37 


1,008 


61,990 


— 


— 


35 


797 


45,661 


2 


211 


6,439 


Ch«ilcal3 and paints 


209 


2,537 


138,452 


36 


1,126 


190 


2,357 


130,025 


19 


180 


8,427 


Clothing and furnishings 


204 


1,286 


73,213 


14 


860 


185 


1,092 


60,638 


19 


194 


12,575 


Coal and coke 


6 


45 


2,628 


3 


28 


6 


45 


2,628 


— 


.- 


— 


Drugs and drug sundries 
























(specialty lines) 


28 


523 


20,874 


11 


£14 


27 


470 


18,609 


1 


53 


2,£6S 


Dry goods (apecielty lines) 


129 


1,674 


88,991 


14 


226 


122 


1,565 


80,263 


7 


109 


8,728 


Slectrlcal goods 


263 


1,617 


84,362 


81 


1,952 


250 


1,580 


82,064 


13 


37 


2,298 


Fam products - consumer goods 


5 


58 


2,093 


— 


— 


4 


56 


2,043 


I 


2 


SO 


Farm supplies 


33 


345 


13,436 


48 


1,033 


50 


297 


11,071 


3 


48 


£,S£S 


Furniture and house furnishings 


U3 


602 


32,034 


10 


186 


98 


5U 


29,193 


15 


91 


£,841 


Grocerlee and foods 
























(specielty lines) 


203 


3,270 


135,400 


16 


430 


191 


3,101 


129,698 


12 


169 


5,70£ 


Hardware 


31 


223 


11,047 


-. 


._ 


26 


191 


10,135 


6 


32 


912 


Jewelry and optical goods 


41 


147 


7,658 


3 


40 


41 


147 


7,666 


— 


.» 


m- 


Lumber and construction naterlals 


276 


4,452 


188.593 


75 


1,339 


225 


2,559 


U£,104 


61 


1.893 


66,489 


Machinery, equipnent and supplies 


1,160 


6,596 


342,535 


177 


4,122 


981 


6,383 


283,612 


179 


1.213 


58,923 


(continued) 



















































Vol. 1 


- Page 81 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 














WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 3B -NUMBER AND PAY 


ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 














ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 












(Figures are 


lor week ending October 26. 1935. 


except where such 


period was not re 


iresentative 














In such cases one week of representative e 


nployment ts given. 












Establishments which 


reported irregular employment for occasional months a 


nd those having no paid employees are not 1 


ncludedj 








EstAbluhmcnu analyzed 




OHice 


irtd clerical 


Inside Belling 


Ouuide selling 


War 


ehouse 


Olher 


TYPE OF OPERATION 




K« T.blt 3^AI 


Numbe. 
ol 


FulU 


ployecs 
ime only) 


employees 
' Fult-lime only 


empkiyees 
(Fulltime only; 


employees 
IFoll-lime onlyl 


employees 
' Full-time only i 




FuU-time 


Full-time 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




























Numbc 


employ- 
ees 


pay roll 
lor week- 


lives" 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


P., roll 
lor week 


Numlier 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


TOLL-SERVTOK AND LIMITSD-mNCTlON 






























WHOLESALERS 
AjnufieiiieDt and sporting gooda 


7*.427 


678.064 


tS0,830,615 


67.626 


151.418 


»3,736.2«2 


59.898 


11,671,038 


134.305 


$5,172,984 


133.139 


$2,789,346 


140,678 


$2,927,415 


939 


6,eoe 


219,117 


660 


2,198 


52,696 


880 


24,534 


1,160 


52,274 


922 


19,110 


988 


19,824 


AutomotlTe 


5,096 


46,601 


1,395,997 


3,625 


8,945 


219,174 


8,263 


214,620 


6,464 


302,124 


4,435 


99,365 


12,869 


300,606 


Beer, wines and liquors 


4,66J 


29,350 


855,202 


2,320 


5,719 


143,098 


1,222 


36,881 


10,018 


317,677 


4,305 


84,991 


5,766 


117,864 


Cbamlcals and palEt« 


1,190 


9,316 


343,663 


1,182 


2,499 


64,459 


964 


25,794 


1,999 


84,749 


1,340 


30,314 


1,332 


36,456 


Clothing and fumiBhlnge 


3,207 


21,637 


750,667 


2,567 


5,057 


Ul,093 


2,979 


87,290 


6,253 


212,500 


3,091 


63,617 


2,690 


64,942 


Coal and coke 


687 


7,908 


297,007 


760 


1,899 


54,386 


159 


5,591 


1,366 


65,689 


668 


16,772 


3,047 


76,621 


Drugs (full line) 


270 


13,616 


402,805 


659 


3,900 


95,525 


790 


21,110 


1,877 


91,522 


5,198 


104,706 


1,192 


25,705 


Drugs end drug eundxiee 






























(specialty lines) 


952 


6,194 


202,676 


710 


1,753 


41,256 


339 


7,434 


1,538 


60,933 


972 


18,701 


882 


17,344 


Dry goods (full line) 


276 


13,545 


407,055 


528 


3,142 


81,346 


2,602 


69,808 


3,016 


122,102 


2,141 


41,646 


2,116 


43,173 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


2,670 


20,648 


762,101 


2,583 


6,165 


147,025 


2,026 


64,738 


4,679 


202,112 


2,950 


57,162 


2,245 


44,098 


Electrical goods 


2,271 


29,477 


1,026,612 


2,566 


9,192 


232,880 


2,827 


84,104 


5,924 


281,176 


4,303 


95,927 


4,665 


118,776 


Farm products - raw materlels 


1,899 


16,987 


571,893 


1,741 


4,216 


123,633 


678 


23,119 


1,147 


56,078 


4,718 


104,624 


4,487 


75,131 


Farm products - consumer goods 


9,383 


67,742 


1,916,293 


4,901 


9,828 


236,854 


7,006 


203,364 


14,069 


443,966 


11,986 


264,164 


19,953 


454,994 


7azn supplies 


1,162 


10,634 


280,671 


827 


2,403 


58,623 


713 


17,4a 


1,185 


44,167 


3,245 


56,382 


2,261 


40,387 


Furniture and bouse fumlsbings 


1,536 


11,689 


387,710 


1,362 


3,169 


74,184 


1,245 


37,744 


2,328 


94,516 


2,093 


43,038 


1,492 


31,549 


General merchandise 


200 


9,299 


267,140 


376 


3,200 


80,084 


733 


21,898 


1,207 


55,400 


2,714 


49,189 


1,067 


19,9le 


Oroceries (full line) 


3,526 


62,713 


1,809,737 


3,608 


13,233 


333,778 


3,768 


100,103 


13,312 


627,899 


20,901 


416,614 


7,891 


149,694 


Oroceriee and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


9,608 


71,417 


1,975,236 


5,766 


U,286 


279,379 


5,707 


155,369 


16,160 


601,942 


12,554 


269,477 


20,944 


361,607 


Hardware 


1,016 


26,894 


792,881 


1,752 


7,612 


172,191 


3,672 


92,469 


5,238 


207,678 


6,685 


135,105 


2,036 


43,305 


Jewelry and optical goods 


1,343 


8,974 


292,304 


967 


3,082 


66,958 


971 


27,046 


1,174 


54,226 


607 


10,250 


2,273 


55,756 


Lusher and construction mfiterlaJLs 


2,329 


22,587 


740,679 


2,456 


4,970 


133,996 


826 


27,864 


2,851 


123,222 


6,285 


123,772 


6,199 


138,981 


Uachlnsry, equiiment end suppllea 


6,289 


51,849 


1,738,016 


5,606 


13,435 


327,452 


4,627 


132,814 


U,306 


457.799 


6,898 


152,201 


9,977 


233,084 


Uatale and metal work 






























(except scrap) 


698 


9,295 


322,308 


857 


2,299 


63,963 


315 


10,869 


1,252 


58,676 


2,872 


65,299 


1,700 


35,636 


Paper and its products 


2,178 


23,015 


765,362 


2,262 


5,808 


138,492 


1,678 


44,396 


6,486 


264,273 


4,604 


101,326 


2,277 


48,056 


Petroleum and its products 


520 


3,712 


130,622 


439 


861 


23,535 


145 


4,460 


996 


35,787 


683 


16,687 


589 


14,429 


Plumbing and beating eqpt. endsplA. 


1,607 


16,619 


493,927 


1,727 


4,434 


108,769 


1,242 


36,081 


2,616 


105,039 


3,404 


78,724 


1,994 


46,574 


Tobeceo and its products 






























(except leaf) 


1,845 


13,753 


485,557 


1,014 


2,778 


72,332 


1,569 


40,119 


4,505 


206,628 


2,228 


58,892 


1,669 


41,393 


Waste materials 


3,774 


25,975 


545,106 


1,842 


2,205 


50,197 


431 


11,408 


467 


17,882 


7,600 


130,111 


13,430 


196,887 


All otber 


3,303 


20,810 


630,281 


1,971 


6,230 


146,014 


1,632 


42,591 


3,492 


124,947 


3,837 


78,768 


3,648 


73,623 


llANUFACTraERS' SALES EEANCHES 






























ClTTH 3T0CIB) 
Amusament and sporting goods 


10.375 


188.577 


7.074.517 


4.179 


54.516 


1.581.996 


8.169 


345.850 


62.616 


3.064.076 


31.120 


763.290 


27.976 


769,582 


241 


5,590j 188,216 


166 


2,636 


64,597 


491 


18,723 


801 


40,693 


672 


15,296 


924 


24,263 


AutcEotlTe 


819 


21,770 


823,560 


599 


6,958 


211, .^5 


573 


26,251 


5,970 


325,802 


4,870 


129,326 


2,896 


77,063 


Beer, wines and liquors 


358 


5,149 


210,369 


154 


1,178 


31,343 


88 


4,270 


2,398 


117,465 


603 


16,911 


726 


25,525 


CherucalB and paints 


536 


10,616 


465,052 


363 


3,889 


121,144 


434 


15,591 


3,433 


212,737 


1,603 


40,200 


694 


27,798 


Clothing and fumlahlngs 


321 


8,593 


366,053 


403 


3,099 


76,466 


338 


12,398 


2,431 


173,539 


1,941 


45,673 


381 


9,271 


Coal and coke 


6 


53 


2,131 


3 


16 


X 


._ 





23 


X 


9 


z 


2 


X 


Drugs and drug sundries 


220 


6,629 


248,882 


173 


2,195 


61,752 


216 


6,760 


2,631 


125,541 


922 


20,617 


493 


8,960 


Dry goods 


195 


1,089 


178,002 


221 


1,842 


49,778 


223 


9,947 


915 


63,674 


512 


11,832 


376 


9,766 


Klectrical goods 


407 


7,522 


333,175 


66 


3,465 


121,984 


399 


16,793 


2,067 


137,582 


795 


24,633 


710 


24,642 


Farm products - consimier goods 


308 


3,880 


124,196 


87 


667 


17,108 


124 


6,100 


1,325 


49,303 


208 


5,687 


1,469 


40,042 


Farm supplies 


64 


730 


27,273 


9 


356 


12,512 


9 


418 


267 


12,087 


35 


626 


54 


903 


Furniture and bouse firniabings 


221 


2,177 


86,366 


79 


743 


21,244 


U5 


5,036 


630 


36,341 


493 


11,703 


117 


2,919 


Oroceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


2,834 


46,659 


1,563,750 


336 


9,193 


271,013 


2,884 


126,779 


,16,904 


747,495 


8,370 


214,062 


6,973 


163,555 


Hardware 


49 


522 


19,446 


17 


177 


5,441 


8 


452 


127 


6,876 


143 


3,622 


50 


1,326 


Jewelry and optical goods 


ie« 


1,653 


67,300 


37 


772 


20,527 


50 


1,856 


236 


15,402 


81 


2,254 


477 


11,414 


Lumber and construction nAterials 


217 


4,252 


166,333 


U3 


1,050 


35,454 


208 


9,185 


1,022 


55,332 


1,332 


37,064 


527 


15,024 


Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


2,a3 


36,352 


1,372,054 


657 


9,045 


251,782 


1,125 


48,880 


12,366 


617,172 


3,376 


80,816 


9,763 


295,671 


Uetals and metal work 






























(except scrap) 


253 


6,621 


244,441 


118 


2,086 


61,125 


305 


13,320 


1,241 


78,999 


2,622 


59,774 


349 


10,694 


Paper and its products 


173 


3,212 


126,151 


85 


1,012 


28.029 


293 


12,734 


1,033 


62,066 


744 


16,635 


45 


1,072 


Petroleum and its products 


53 


808 


36,474 


45 


256 


8,131 


4 


273 


256 


12,741 


121 


3,706 


126 


4,338 


Plumbing and beating eqpt.mdapls. 


318 


5,328 


174,674 


206 


1,915 


51,046 


156 


5,673 


1,441 


62,166 


1,246 


28,352 


362 


9,715 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


51 


3,046 


120,364 


65 


666 


19,423 


14 


1,369 


2,241 


79,648 


46 


1,153 


14 


291 


All other 


332 


3,326 


141,244 


178 


1,400 


X 


106 


X 


940 


I 


476 


X 


226 


X 


UANUF/kCTOREHS' SALES OFFICES 






























(BITHOOT STOCiS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


3.541 


34.328 


1.677.876 


1.232 


13.843 


436.423 


1.905 


83.811 


14.754 


875.677 


— 


— 


2,594 


94,450. 


108 


4,656 


173,598 


14 


2,867 


96,237 


836 


22,830 


520 


28,078 


— 


— 


419 


18,494 


Automotive 


28 


653 


30,800 


30 


234 


9,689 


14 


1,142 


217 


12,538 


«- 


— 


158 


3,999 


Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


797 


45,551 


13 


71 


2,042 


31 


1,479 


534 


32,318 


— 


— 


148 


6,095 


Chemicals and paints 


190 


2,357 


130,025 


95 


932 


29,574 


59 


4,840 


1,018 


68,145 


— 


— 


253 


10,289 


Clothing and furnishings 


185 


1,092 


60,638 


138 


399 


10,484 


90 


4,958 


399 


25,242 


— 


— 


66 


1,496 


Coal and coke 


6 


45 


2,628 


— 


19 


X 


2 


X 


22 


X 


— 


— 


2 


X 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


27 


470 


18,609 


23 


94 


2,493 


20 


811 


305 


12,533 


— 


— 


28 


925 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


122 


1,565 


80,263 


65 


852 


24,787 


63 


4,660 


469 


36,245 


— 


— 


116 


3,345 


Klectrical goods 


250 


1,580 


82,054 


42 


595 


16,670 


103 


6,841 


763 


50,901 


— 


— 


77 


3,677 


Farm prt)duct9 - conamner goods 


4 


66 


2,043 


2 


31 


X 


1 


z 


22 


z 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Fam supplies 


30 


297 


11,071 


1 


46 


X 


64 


X 


179 


z 


— 


-- 


8 


z 


Furniture and house furnishings 


98 


5U 


29,193 


29 


203 


5,731 


23 


930 


248 


17,697 


— 


— 


8 


143 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


191 


3,101 


129,698 


36 


857 


22,572 


88 


3,588 


2,022 


95,592 


— 


— 


98 


1,998 


Hardware 


26 


191 


10,135 


13 


84 


X 


2 


z 


63 


z 


.. 


~ 


9 


X 


Jewelry and optical goods 


41 


147 


7,668 


7 


48 


X 


7 


z 


83 


z 


— 


— 


2 


X 


Lumber and construction materials 


225 


2,559 


122,104 


105 


1,026 


35,910 


91 


4,340 


1,266 


65,969 


—• 


— 


71 


1,966 


Ifaebinery, equipment and supplies 


981 


5,383 


283,612 


253 


1,406 


42,200 


132 


7,504 


2,826 


176,698 


— 


— 


766 


24,931 


(oontlnusd) 































Including pay rail ol accutim and wJarivd cxnporatioa officcn. 



Inchides MlarwJ t oipmrm 



1 X } Fewer Ifcaa 300 amploycn not BiMlyiad by occupational frmtpi. ( Sc* l«il ) 



Vol. 1 - Page 82 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



1935 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABI-K 3 A, ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 

(Figures are lor week ending October 26, 1935, except where such period wa« not representative. 



In such cases one week ol representative employment is given. 
Establishments which reported irregular employment tor occasional months and those havmg no paid employees are not included.) 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 



MAMOTACTORSRS' S4L1B OFTIOIS 
(iriTHOOT STOCKS) (oontlnued) 
Uttols and metal work 

(except acrap) 
Papsr and Its products 
Petroleum and its products 
Plumbing and beating eqpt. and apis. 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 
All otber 

BDII TANK STATIOIC 1/ 

Petroleum and Its products 

AGSJTS AM) EROEEItS 

Amusemeat and sporting goods 

Automotive 

Beer, wines end liquors 

Chfloilcals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal and coke 

Drugs and drug sundries 

(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full line] 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
Palm products - raw materials 
Faxm products - consumer goods 
farm supplies 

Furniture sod house furnishings 
Oeneral mercbandiee 
Orcceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and conatruction materials 
Machinery, equiinant and supplies 
Metals and metal work 

(except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and its products 
Plumbing and beating eqpt. and spls. 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 
Waete materials 
All otber 



Total, all estsblishinsntt 



Number 



eslab- 
lnhments 



473 

181 

85 

178 

US 
270 



80.178 



13.78* 



171 
328 
61 
309 
756 
417 

98 

12 

586 

456 

2,464 

1,320 

210 

304 

66 

20 

1,800 
204 
46 
604 

1,820 

281 

167 

91 

307 

5 
96 



Full-time employee* 



5,677 

1,038 

946 

653 

1,373 
2,723 



88.738 



Pay roll 
for week 



69.723 



803 

961 
£46 

1,009 
3,809 
3.830 

656 

77 

5,809 

1.173 

20 , 532 

7,641 

614 

1,113 

626 

75 

6,927 

589 

115 

2,124 

5.156 

991 
497 
306 
881 

14 

309 

2,938 



t311,246 

61,954 
44,791 
29,061 

81,666 
134.028 



2.903.887 



Part'limg employees 



Number 



2.637.524 



32,042 

33,888 

9,465 

50,762 

157.106 

200,499 

20,517 

3,425 

293,406 

36,166 

550,110 

287,377 

19,379 

48.702 

26.471 

2.679 

288,094 

21,458 

4,107 

84,309 

219,141 

50,964 
20.686 
16.985 
30.233 

569 

17.341 

114,743 



3.840 



Pey roll 
lor week 



13,084 



66 
U6 

13 
154 
142 
198 

£9 

£ 

163 

155 

7,749 

1,427 

110 

132 

38 

4 

421 



258 

808 

U9 
67 
36 

U7 



15 
689 



$518 

1,771 

IS 

842 



49,809 



140.181 



808 
1,450 

199 
1,626 
1,977 
3,682 

223 

14 

2,250 

1,646 

74.701 

16,895 

1,143 

1.753 

480 

13 

4,861 

1,108 

44 

4,413 

11,376 

2,856 
681 
648 

1.664 



176 
3,824 



Establishments analyzed 
T.bl. 3 B 



Numbei 

ol 

estsb- 

lishments 



365 

133 

£4 

165 

Ul 
186 



16.065 



169 

320 
61 
296 
719 
374 

95 

U 

838 

446 

2,292 

1,259 

208 

291 

60 

19 

1.739 

202 

45 

588 

1,783 

272 
162 
82 
303 

8 

98 
786 



Fullbme employe* 



Number 



3,887 
728 
939 
580 

1,103 
1.631 



61.378 



799 
944 

248 

949 

3,307 

3,403 

633 

42 

4,957 

1,126 

16,033 

7,051 

507 

1,023 

560 

64 

6,471 

584 

111 

2,057 

4,906 

946 
438 

264 

870 

14 

306 

2,765 



Psy roll 
tor week 



$218,086 
41,4Sa 
44,596 
26,339 

41,966 

85,731 



2.184,438 



31,982 

33,330 
9,465 

47,289 
133,741 
173,324 

20,311 

1,386 

249,322 

34,428 

454,219 

268,891 

19,120 

41,209 

24,036 

2,219 

268,782 

21,291 

4,011 

81,624 

202,684 

49,427 
18,122 
12,227 
£9,696 

869 

17,104 

107 , 679 



Estsblishmenls not arulyied 
in Table 3.B 



Number 

ol 

eatab- 

lishmena 



108 
48 

1 
13 

7 
84 



4.113 



2 

8 

13 
37 
43 

3 

1 

48 

10 

172 

61 

2 
13 

6 

1 

61 
£ 

1 
16 
37 

9 
5 



Full-fame employees 



Number 



1,790 

310 

7 

73 

270 
1,092 



2£,a£4 



8,345 



4 
17 

60 
502 

427 

23 
38 

882 

47 

4,499 

890 
7 
90 
66 
U 

456 
5 

4 

67 

250 

45 
59 
42 

U 



3 

173 



rmp\oyttt ol eommin 



Vol. I - Psge 83 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
1935 TABLE 3-B -NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 

ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 



(Figures are lor week ending October 26, 1935. except where such period was not representative. 

In such cases one week of representative empioymenl is given. 

Estabhshments which reporled irregular employmeni lor occasional months and those having no paid employees are not included-! 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 



IMNnTACTORBiS' SALBS OmOSS 
(WimoOT STOCKS) (eontlnued) 
Uetala and' metal aork 

(except scrap) 
Paper and its produota 
Petrolemn and Its pRiducts 
plumbing and beating eqpt* andsols, 
Tobacco and Itf ^r.^ducta 

(except Isaf) 
tXl otbsr 

BULK TANK STATIONS 1/ 

PetroleiTO and Its produats 

llCmrs AND BROKSiS 

Amuaemant and sporting goods 

AutomotlTS 

Beer, irlnes and liquors 

Cheiolcals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal and coks 

Drugs and drug sundries 
(specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm products - raw iwterials 

Farm products - consuner goods 

Fazm supplies 

Fumitiire and house fumishlnga 

Gensral merchandise 

Croceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

( specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lunber and construction aaterials 
Uacblnsry, equipoant and supplies 
Metals and swtal work 

(except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petrolsun and its products 
Plumbing and heating eqpt, ODd aplB. 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 
Waste materisia 
All other 



EBlabluhmcnu Bnalyzed 
Table 3AI 



S6S 

133 

24 

165 

1£1 
166 



16,065 



Full-time 
employ- 



3,887 
726 



1,103 
1,631 



65,911 



13.190 61.378 



Full-time 
pay roll 
lor week* 



t218,056 
«l,4Se 
44,596 
26,339 

41,966 
SS,731 




49,427 
16,122 
12,22? 
29,696 

569 

17,104 

107,679 



120 
S6 
74 
33 

7 
96 



94 
107 

33 
207 
461 
421 

50 

4 

355 

169 

1,230 

969 

105 

134 

60 

9 

1,068 

S8 

12 

435 

924 

157 
58 
54 

177 



91 
353 



Oltice and clerical 

employees 

I Full time only] 



Numbei 



2,053 
271 
66S 
180 

57 
6S4 



Pay roll 
lor week 



$70,132 

7,962 

22,663 

4,596 

2,319 

23,9SS 



Inside selling 

employees 

' Fuil-lime only ) 



23.536 



412 

380 

84 

444 

1,463 
1,631 



21 

2,620 

477 

3,855 

2,061 

232 

394 

370 

36 

3,145 

318 

57 

912 

1,987 

494 
212 
117 
324 

5 

140 

1,102 



11,937 
9,279 

X 

12,172 
33,436 
52,291 

5,221 

X 

66,406 

9,475 

116,365 

60,760 

5,729 

9,040 

U,3S6 



79,946 
8,445 



22,871 
46,823 



15,564 
5,400 



3,632 
26,765 



118 
43 
64 

7 



2,459 



3.6S9 



35 
82 
27 
16 
176 
137 

1 

4 

317 

31 

707 

1,277 

32 

114 

63 

1 



11 

3 

56 

149 

22 
13 
10 
16 



21 
306 



Pay loll 
lor week 



»7,975 

2,5U 

4,322 

365 



3,189 



77,996 



Outside selling 

employees 
( Full-time only I 



162.849 



1,676 
2,013 

z 

944 

6,960 
7,593 

35 

X 

20,666 

912 

26,216 

51,616 

1,300 

3,727 

3,067 



10,663 



2,621 
5,729 

1,759 
714 



879 
10,151 



1,463 

361 

60 



1,039 
557 



11.976 



195 
212 
64 
184 
946 
950 

212 

11 

1,244 

299 
2,096 

406 
60 

266 
17 
12 

1,579 

152 

36 

484 

1,321 

213 

124 

46 

251 

9 

27 

536 



Pay nil 
lor week 



«U0,916 

25,521 

3,567 

16,256 

37,837 
39,736 



563.564 



9,860 
8,076 

X 

9,535 
40,704 
54,752 

8,065 

X 

62,887 
9,500 

78,635 

17,570 
2,060 

14,479 
780 



72,709 

6,678 

z 

19,573 

63,606 

12,522 

5,678 

z 

9,285 



1,791 
25,339 



Warehouie 
employees 



5.654 



24 

52 

7 

29 

66 

120 

67 

213 

57 

3,487 

1,030 

15 

51 

22 

4 

213 
29 

SO 
110 

27 
8 
6 

36 



9 
140 



Pay roll 
lor week 



♦858,522 



117.805 



562 

1,057 

x 

607 

1,077 

3,457 

1,824 

4,583 

1,061 

63,576 

86,262 

221 

1,U5 

447 



3,888 
569 



605 
8,8*1 



607 
199 



Other 

employees 

f Full-time only i 



Numfcer 



133 
17 
76 
68 



8.896 



39 

Ul 

13 

67 

193 

144 

80 

8 

COS 

73 

4,656 

1,866 

63 

62 



840 

16 

3 

140 

4U 



16 
324 



Pay roll 
lot week 



»5,191 

633 

4,064 

2,020 



2,595 



481,116 



163.686 



595 
2,150 
z 
2,321 
5,790 
4,642 

1,131 

z 

4,925 

1,752 

73,554 

33,676 

1,008 

1,259 

190 



5,026 
315 



3,564 
11,048 



753 
605 



1,641 



394 
6,036 



I amployeea 



ulivea wid lalaried corpoialion o 
I commiuion bulk unk haiioix . 



( X ) FevM llwn 300 cmploiiei 



natytcd by occupslionsl group,. ( >)•• i*,i ). 



Vol. 1 - Pa 


ge 84 






















































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Vol. I - Pat;e 92 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
















TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 


AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, 


BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




(Only thoie eslablishmenli with 


sales ol 


more than $100,000 


are inci 


jded. ) 










Kind of Business 


All establithmenU with salel 






Establishments ar 


alyzed 




■ 






-I 


l'^^ 


- 




Op^ 


Bhng eipe 


ntei ( incI 


Jdifig pay 


roll) ol 


uch etlablithmenli | 








ing ex 


Numbc 


Net tale. 




e 


xpre.aed ai percent 


to net IB 


e> 








(•dd 000) 


pentM 
pcrcen 
to salea 


(add 000) 


Total 


Adm.ni. 
trative 


Sallin, 


Deliver) 


Waie- 
liouae 


Occu- 
pai»cy 


Other 


AMUSEMENT AND SPORTING GOODS 


























Cameras and motion picture 


equipment and supplies 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 


t 
5i 
4^ 


S $1,58' 
: 34, IK 
1 13,44« 


! 18.6 
3 12.3 
) 21.2 


5 $1,186 
34 13,818 
29 Q^Fi 


15.6 4.2 4.7 
14.8 4.4 6.6 


.s 
.1 


.9 
X.i 


2.E 
1.1 


2.4 

.8 


Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


6£ 
5S 


16,67( 
17,06£ 


> 20.1 
15.5 


3£ 

37 


8,153 

11,572 


22. C 
14.C 


7.1 
3,7 


7.0 
6.1 


1.5 
.8 


2.1 

1.7 
.2 


2. a 

2.6 

1.5 


2.6 
2.1 
1.7 


AUTOMOTIVE 


























Automobiles and other motor 


























vehicles 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$600,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


307 


352,295 


8.5 


163 


206,966 


9.0 


2.3 


3.5 


.2 


.6 


1.5 


,9 


40 

51 

73 

104 


5,866 

9,832 

19,630 

53,244 

263,723 


11.1 

10.8 

10.3 

9.3 

8.1 


16 
17 
22 
49 
59 


2,471 

4,038 

8,548 

37,089 

154,820 


16.4 

12.9 

11.0 

9.2 

8.6 


5.5 
3.4 
3.7 
2.8 
2.1 


5.4 
3.9 

2.8 
3.2 
3.5 


1.0 
.4 
.5 
.2 
.2 


1.2 

1.1 

.8 

.4 

.6 


2.0 
3.0 
1.8 
1.5 
1.4 


1.3 
1.1 
1.4 
1.1 
.8 


Automotive equipment 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 


863 


206,917 


24.3 


514 


122,407 


25.2 


7.8 


8.4 


1.3 


2.3 


3.0 


2.4 


169 

119 

61 


40,795 
44,666 
50,967 


25.9 
24.0 
20.2 


293 

108 

81 

32 


40,614 
26,125 
30,206 
25,462 


27.3 
26.4 
24.8 
21.3 


8.5 
8.3 
7.3 
6.7 


8.7 
8.8 
8.8 
7.4 


1.6 

1.3 

1.5 

.8 


2.0 
2.5 
2.1 
2.6 


3.8 
3.1 
2.9 
1.6 


~s:r 

2.4 
2.2 
2.2 


Tires and tubes 


102 


40,027 


13.8 


76 


18,969 


21.1 


6.1 


7.0 


1.9 


1.3 


2.8 


2.0 


BEER, WINES AND LIQUORS 


























leer and other fermented malt 


























liquors 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 


621 


140,058 


13.8 


351 


82,170 


14.1 


3.2 


3.6 


2.7 


1.3 


1.7 


1 6 


390 

109 

85 

37 


53,515 
25,780 
31,670 
29,093 


15.3 
13.7 
12.8 
12.4 


212 
63 
54 
22 


29,136 
14,936 
20,309 
17,789 


15.3 
14.7 
13.2 
12.6 


3.5 
2.8 

3,0 
3.3 


3.7 
3.8 
3.1 
3.8 


3.1 
3.4 
2.2 
2.1 


1.2 
1.4 
1.3 
1.3 


2.0 

1.5 

2.2 

.8 


1.8 

i.e 

1.4 

1.3 


Wines and liquors 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


772 


345,550 


11.2 


494 


244,676 


11.6 


3.6 


3.8 


1.1 


.8 


1.1 


1 2 


269 
144 
166 
124 
69 


38,515 
35,297 
64,001 
85,359 
122,378 


15.2 
12.9 
11.2 
10.6 
9.9 


148 
90 

106 
97 
53 


21,109 
21,914 
41,078 
66,670 
93,905 


16.7 
13.4 
11.9 
10.5 
10.6 


5.0 
3.6 
3.5 
3.6 
3.4 


4.4 

4.6 
3.5 
3.5 
3.8 


1.4 
1.4 
1.3 
.9 
1.0 


1.3 
.8 
.8 
.7 
.8 


2.5 

1.5 

1.2 

.7 

.9 


2.1 

1.5 

1.6 

1.1 

.7 


CHBGCALS AND PAINTS 


22 
5 


12,512 
853 
61,612 
21,038 
45,157 
51,647 


27.7 
12.5 
12.3 
6.2 
21.9 
19.5 


9 

2 

55 

7 

90 

15 


6,839 


34.1 


6.0 


19.7 


1.6 


1.2 


1.2 


4.4 


DyeatuffB 
Explosives 


Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


97 

21 

180 

57 


38,456 

4,346 

22,629 

39,423 


11,3 
12.2 
11.9 
22.0 
20.8 


3.9 
4.9 
4.2 
6.9 
13.4 


1.1 
3.7 
2.6 
6.6 
6.1 


3.4 
1.0 
2.1 
1.7 
.3 


.8 
1.0 

1.5 

2.0 

.2 


.8 
.9 

.7 

2.6 

.5 


1.3 
.7 
.8 

2.2 
.3 


CLOIHING AND FDRNISHINGS 


























Clotbiae and/or furnishings 


(full line) 
Men's and boys' 


171 

278 


50,027 
86,559 


14.0 
13.2 


108 
173 


34,208 
55,095 


13.9 
13.1 


4.7 
4.5 


5.4 
4.8 


.7 
.7 


.5 

.8 


1.4 
1.3 


1.2 
1.0 


$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 


50 
45 
42 


19,329 
12,110 
16,694 
40,426 


14.1 
14.3 
13.3 
12.5 


83 
33 
32 
25 


11,304 

8,060 

12,104 

23,627 


14.5 
14.8 
12.9 
11.9 


4.9 
5.3 
4.5 
3.9 


6.1 
5.2 
3.8 
4.6 


.7 
.8 
.9 
.5 


.6 
.5 
.8 
.9 


1.6 
1.7 
1.5 
1.0 


.6 
1.3 
1.4 
1.0 


Women's and children's 


487 


201 , 213 


13.3 


305 


142,541 


13.1 


4.4 


4.5 


.8 


1.0 


1.3 


1.1 


$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


184 
95 
94 
86 
28 


26,137 
23,290 
35,947 
60,848 
54,991 


12.9 
14.1 
13.1 
14.0 
12.5 


102 
65 
56 
59 
23 


14,854 
16,012 
21,652 
41,650 
48,373 


12.8 
14.1 
12.8 
13.7 
12.5 


4.7 
5.1 
4.8 
4.6 
3.7 


4.1 
4.2 
4.0 
4.9 
4.6 


.7 
.8 
.9 
.8 
.8 


.6 

.8 

.8 

1.0 

1.4 


1.8 
1.9 
1.5 
1.3 
1.0 


.9 

1.3 

.8 

1.1 

• 1.0 


Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and milllEery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


75 

78 

95 

211 


25,025 

29,111 

26,700 

109,688 


11.2 

10.7 
16.7 
13.8 


36 

42 

65 

146 


14,226 

15,595 
21,025 
87,010 


10.8 
11.3 
16.5 
13.9 


4.5 

3.8 
5.3 
4.1 


3.3 
4.3 

6.3 
5.8 


.5 
.7 
.6 
.8 


.4 
.5 
.7 

.8 


1.2 
1.1 
1.9 
1.0 


.9 

.9 

1.7 

1.4 


( continued ) 















































Vol. 1 - Page 93 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




(Only lho«e 


MtablishmenU with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 


All establiihmenU wilh sale* 
of more than $100,000 


Establishments analyzed ] 


Numbe, 


Net sale* 
( add 000 ) 


Operst 


ng e.pen.ei ( tnclud 
expieased a. 


ng pay re 
percent to 


II) Ol >UC 

net sele. 


h eatablii 


imenis 


Nuixbci 


(•dd 000) 


OpCTftf 

ing eK- 

penM*. 
percent 
to Miet 


Tout 


Adminiv 

tTBtlwe 


S.llii>( 


Deltvery 


Ware- 
liouie 


Occu 

pancy 


Olhei 


GOAL AND COKB 


197 


$191,263 


11.8 


49 


$92,105 


10.1 


2.0 


1.7 


1,2 


1.8 


2,3 


1.1 


DRUGS (FULL LINE) 

$100,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


259 


296,835 


13.0 


194 


238,006 


13.6 


4,7 


3,4 


.7 


2,0 


1,0 


1.8 


37 

45 

70 

107 


6,731 

17,437 

51,237 

221,430 


13.0 
14.2 
14.0 
12.7 


20 
33 
54 
87 


3,621 

12,638 

39,813 

181,944 


12.8 
13.7 
13,9 
13,5 


4.7 
4.6 
5.3 
4.6 


3.6 
3.4 
3,6 
3,3 


,6 
,6 
,6 
,7 


1,4 
2,1 
1,7 
2,1 


1.4 

1.6 

1,3 

.9 


1.1 
1.4 
1.4 
1,9 


DRUGS AND DRUG SUNDRIBS 
(SPECIALTY LIMES) 


























Drug specialties 

Patent medicines 

Toilet articles and preparations 

All other 


76 
32 
73 

40 


18,849 
17,822 
30,117 
24,345 


15.2 
15.6 
26.5 
17.5 


40 

9 

24 

25 


8,764 

4,418 

10,026 

8,317 


16,5 
18,8 
28.1 
15.8 


5,5 
5.0 
9.3 
4,6 


4.7 

9.6 

12.4 

5,6 


1,3 
1.5 
3,1 
2.1 


1,8 

.9 

1,2 

1.2 


1,7 

1,5 
1,5 
1,1 


1.5 
.3 
.6 

1.2 


DRY CXJOnS (FULL LUffi) 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


217 


257,698 


14.4 


146 


135,312 


14.7 


3.9 


5.4 


,6 


1,2 


1,6 


2.0 


57 
31 
37 
42 

50 


8,156 

7,569 

14,615 

32,310 

195,048 


13.9 
15.3 
16,3 
14.4 
14,3 


35 
20 
28 
30 
33 


4,972 

4,942 

10,978 

23,175 

91,245 


13,7 
15.1 
16.1 
13.9 
14,8 


4,3 
5.2 
5,2 
4.3 
3,5 


4.2 
5.4 
5,5 
5,3 
5.5 


,9 
.8 
.7 
,8 
,5 


.6 
,7 

1,0 
,9 

1.3 


2.1 
1.4 
1.6 

1.3 
1.7 


1,6 
1,6 
2.1 
1,3 
2,3 


DRY GOODS (SPECIALTY LINES) 


























Notions 

Piece goods 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


178 

505 


53,315 
226.805 


17.4 

10,4 


112 
309 


31,215 
139,871 


19.2 

10,6 


7,2 

3,8 


7.4 
3.4 


.9 
.5 


,8 
,5 


1,7 

1,1 


1,2 
1,2 


196 
88 

103 
74 
44 


27,725 
21,178 
39,621 
50,705 

87,576 


13.9 

13.7 

10.8 

9.9 

8.6 


110 
57 
69 
47 
26 


16,033 
13,579 
26,658 
32,261 

51,340 


14,7 

14,9 

11,6 

9.6 

8,4 


5,3 
5,6 
4.2 

3,6 

2,7 


4.8 
4,7 
3,5 
2,8 

3,0 


,7 
1.1 
.6 
,7 
,4 


.5 
,4 
.5 
,5 
.4 


1.9 

1.8 

1.2 

,9 

.8 


1,5 
1,3 
1,6 
1.1 
1,1 


All other 


69 


14,741 


16,3 


49 


11,705 


16,7 


6.9 


5.3 


.9 


.2 


1.6 


1,8 


ELECTRICAL GOODS 


























Electrical merchandise, except 
appliances 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
4500,000 to 999,999 
Jl, 000, 000 and over 


614 


244.493 


15.7 


421 


187.773 


14.6 


4.7 


4,9 


,7 


1.7 


1.6 


1,0 


236 

119 

132 

81 

46 


34,063 
29,096 
50,300 
56,098 
74,936 


18.5 
16.2 
14,8 
16,3 
14,3 


140 
74 

102 
64 
41 


20,779 
18,327 
38,857 
44,306 
65,504 


17.0 
15,1 
13.6 
15.1 
14,0 


5.6 
4,8 
4,3 
4,9 
4,5 


5.1 
4.8 
4.9 
5,3 
4.6 


1.0 
.6 
.6 

.7 

.6 


1.5 
2.1 
1.4 
1.7 
1,8 


2,3 
1,6 
1.6 

1.6 
1.5 


1,5 

1,2 

,8 

,9 

1,0 


Radios, refrigerators and 
appliances 


427 


264.854 


18,0 


250 


187,545 


18.6 


4.6 


9.4 


.8 


,9 


1.3 


1,6 


FARM PRODUCTS - RAW MATERIALS 


























Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 

Horses and mules 

Livestoolc 

Silk (raw) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool and mohair 

All other 


120 

298 

298 

3 

5 

3 

68 

92 

54 


186,934 

424,950 

137,566 

722 

1,140 

10,140 

43,721 

147,871 

28,159 


5.1 
£.8 
7.7 
9.3 
8,2 
4.5 

14.8 
5.9 

11,1 


42 
105 
163 

1 

3 

21 

61 

22 


89,463 

147,413 

91,140 

X 
10,140 
12,497 
98,717 
13,366 


5.9 
5.9 
7.1 

11.6 
4,5 

15.3 
5.7 

13.1 


1.2 
1,7 
2.6 

4.1 
2.0 
5,5 

1.9 
5,6 


.8 

.7 

1.4 

2,1 

1.2 
1,8 
1.4 
2.3 


1,9 
.4 
,4 

1.2 
.2 

,8 

,5 

1.5 


,7 
1.4 
1,0 

1,7 
.2 

3.8 
,7 

1,3 


,3 

1.1 

.8 

1.2 
,1 

1,0 
.4 

1.2 


1.0 
,6 
.9 

1.3 
.8 

2.4 
.8 

1.2 


FARM PRODUCTS - GONSUiER GOODS 


























Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


681 

488 

473 

2,140 


342,901 
189,331 
277,709 
786,588 


15.9 
7.2 

7,8 
10,0 


309 
249 

312 
1.379 


186,053 
113,751 
206,500 
523.277 


15.2 
7.3 
8.0 

11.0 


2,7 
1,9 

2.0 
2.6 


3.2 

1.4 
1,8 
2.2 


3,8 

.9 
1,3 
2,3 


1,6 
1.1 
1,0 
1,4 


2,4 

1,0 
1.0 
1,4 


1.5 
1.0 

.9 
1,1 


925 
472 
358 
269 
116 


131 1265 
114,538 
136,716 
183,458 
220,561 


12,2 

11.3 

10,7 

9,4 

8.3 


530 
308 
257 
201 
83 


75,583 

75,438 

98,136 

136,808 

137,312 


12.8 
11.5 
11,0 
10.2 
10,4 


3.0 
2,8 
2,7 
2.4 
2,3 


2.7 
2,3 
2,3 
2,2 
1,8 


2.3 
2.1 
2.3 
1,8 
3.1 


1,2 
1,2 
1.3 
1.6 
1.4 


2,1 

1,6 
1,4 
1,3 
1,0 


1,5 

1,5 

1.0 

.9 

,8 


All other 


13 


4,198 


9.3 


10 


3,778 


9.1 


2,9 


1,5 


,8 


1,6 


1,3 


1,0 


FARM SUPPLIES 


























Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 
All other 


363 

16 

189 

17 


114,047 

10,708 

81,727 

3,711 


8,8 
10.0 
18.5 
10,3 


123 
4 

109 
3 


34,809 
4,349 

51,187 
1,068 


10.9 

13.6 

20,8 

5.4 


3.1 
3.9 
5,3 
1.4 


2,0 
1.8 
5.2 
1.2 


1,6 
3.0 
8.2 

,a 


1,4 
,3 

3.2 
,7 


1.4 

2.1 

3.1 

,4 


1,4 

2.5 

1.8 

.9 


(continued) 










L 

















Vol. I - Page 94 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5-ANALYSlS OF OPERATING 


EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




(Only thou 


establishment* with sales of more than $1 


30,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 


All eatablishmentft with sale* 
of more than $100,000 


Establishments analyzed | 


Number 


Net ■•>» 
(.dd 000) 


Opera 


mg expenaei ( tnclud 


tng pay r 
percent tc 


oil) ol .u 
net talei 


ch eitabliahmentt 


Number 


(•dd COO) 


Operal- 
ing e«- 
pente*. 
percent 
to Bale, 


Total 


Adroini,. 
trative 


Sallini 


Deliver? 


W.r» 
hou.c 


Occu. 
pancy 


Other 


FDENITUHE AND HOUSE FDHNISHIN&S 


























China, glassware and crockery 
Floor oovo rings 

Furniture (housaliold and office) 
House fumlstilEgs (except as 

specified) 
Musical Instrumants and sheet music 


52 

152 
94 

149 

35 


$14,046 
76,120 
27,955 

39,325 
10,966 


22.9 
12.9 
19.5 

14.6 
29.4 


32 
93 

62 

80 
18 


$9,397 
50,251 
18,391 

21,262 
6,811 


22.0 
13.3 
20.7 

14.7 
28.7 


7.5 

4.7 
6.5 

4.8 

10.6 


8.5 
4.1 

6.5 

4.1 
9.2 


1.4 

.8 

1.2 

1.4 
1.4 


1.7 
.9 

1.9 

1.1 
2.1 


2.2 

1.5 
2.8 

1.6 
2.9 


.7 
1.3 
1.8 

1.7 
2.5 


GE3ffiRAL UERCHANDISE 


119 


122,461 


15.8 


89 


111,280 


16.1 


4.6 


5.4 


.7 


2.3 


1.7 


1.4 


GSOCSRISS (FUIX LINE) 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


2,885 


1,685,807 


9.2 


1,857 


1,260,377 


9.3 


2.4 


2.5 


1.1 


1.3 


1.0 


1.0 


591 
594 
741 
627 
332 


86,737 
147,249 
287,663 
429,407 
734,751 


8.6 
8.3 
8.4 
8.7 
10.2 


272 
337 
489 
480 
279 


41,267 

84,054 

191,377 

331,718 

611,961 


9.6 
8.8 

8.6 
8.7 
9.9 


2.4 
2.3 
2.2 

2.3 
2.6 


2.3 
2.2 

2.1 
2.3 
2.8 


1.3 
1.1 

1.0 
1.0 
1.3 


1.0 
.9 
1.1 
1.1 
1.5 


1.2 

1.0 

1.0 

.9 

.9 


1.4 
1.3 
1.2 
1.1 
.8 


GROCERIES AND FOODS 
{SPEaALTY LINES) 


























Canned goods 

Coffee, tea and apices 

Confectionery 

Fish and sea foods 

Flour 

Meats and meat products 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 


107 
208 
278 
319 
197 
959 


57,076 
86,896 
57,011 
85,649 
65,235 
386,574 


12.4 
22.3 
11.4 
18.4 
9.1 
10.2 


53 
138 
152 
211 

94 
643 


30,507 
54,946 
32,282 
60,254 
37,784 
278.714 


13.6 

25.6 
12.0 
19.2 
9.4 
11.3 


3.9 
5.8 
3.2 
4.5 
2.6 
2.8 


4.1 
10.2 

3.8 
3.5 
2.3 
2.3 


1.7 
8.7 

1.5 
3.6 
1.1 
1.3 


1.6 

2.9 

.9 

3.1 
1.1 
1.4 


1.1 
2.4 

1.3 
2.1 
1.0 
1.6 


1.2 
1.6 
1.3 
2.4 
1.3 
1.9 


365 
196 
183 
215 


51,991 

47,654 

70,665 

216,264 


12.2 

11.5 

10.0 

9.5 


217 
131 
126 
169 


31,526 

31,811 

48,784 

166,593 


13.0 
12.0 
10.4 
11.2 


3.0 
3.3 
2.8 
2.7 


2.9 
2.7 
2.2 
2.2 


1.5 
1.3 
1.2 
1.2 


1.3 
1.2 
1.1 
1.6 


2.5 
1.9 
1.8 

1.4 


1.8 
1.6 
1.3 
2.1 


Soft drinks 

Sugar 

Other food and grocery specialties 


43 

89 
1,062 


10,596 

54,969 

369,862 


16.2 

5.2 

11.6 


7 

30 

607 


1,769 

27,308 

236,870 


28.7 
4.1 

11.8 


6.5 
1.2 
3.1 


7.2 

1.1 
3.1 


5.9 
.6 

1.5 


4.3 

.4 
1.2 


2.2 
.4 

1.3 


2.6 
.4 

1.6 


HARDWARE 


























Hardware (full line) 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


512 


372,424 


17.9 


326 


257,316 


17.7 


5.6 


5.8 


.8 


2.1 


2.1 


1.3 


109 
113 
104 
102 
84 


15,831 
27,452 
40,888 
72,418 
215,835 


20.9 
19.9 
18.2 
17.7 
17.4 


52 
70 
69 
74 
61 


8,002 

17,222 

27,173 

51,790 

153,129 


21.7 
20.9 
17.3 
17.6 
17.2 


6.1 
6.3 
5.5 
5.5 
5.5 


7.6 
5.8 
5.5 
5.5 
5.8 


1.6 

1.7 

.9 

.9 

.7 


1.2 
1.7 
1.6 
1.8 
2.5 


2.9 
3.4 
2.3 
2.2 
1.8 


2.3 
2.0 

1.5 

1.7 

.9 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


108 


26,909 


19.7 


47 


12,734 


19.8 


6.8 


6.5 


1.4 


1.8 


1.8 


1.5 


JKfSLRY AND OPTICAL GOODS 


























Jewelry (full line) 

Clocks and watches 

Diamonds and other precious stones 

Other Jewelry specialties 

Optical goods 


95 

28 
35 
91 
70 


36,230 
13,607 
6,732 
31,091 
15,576 


16.6 
13.8 
12.4 
17.1 
36.9 


65 
15 
13 
37 
23 


27,578 
8,669 
2,660 

11,900 
6,018 


17.2 
13.7 
15.3 
19.5 
35.0 


6.2 

5.8 

5.8 

7.3 

13.1 


6.3 
4.2 
5.4 
7.3 
10.5 


.4 

.6 
.1 

1.2 
1.6 


.4 

.1 

1.0 
4.4 


1.8 
1.0 
2.1 
1.7 
2.9 


2.1 
2.0 
1.9 
1.0 
2.5 


LDUBER AND CONOTRtJCnON MATHOALS 


212 
506 


61,405 
166,714 


21.5 
18.5 


96 
201 


26,461 
73,815 


19.4 

19.5 


5.6 
5.2 


4.0 
■4.1 


2.4 
2.9 


2.7 
3.2 


2.8 
2.2 


1.9 
1.9 


Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and mlllwork 

$100,000 to 199,999 

$200,000 to 299,999 

$300,000 to 499,999 

$500,000 to 999,999 

$1,000,000 and over 


242 

105 

81 

53 

25 


35,784 
25,554 
30,768 
33,394 
41,214 


21.8 
19.5 
18.0 
17.3 
16.4 


87 
40 
34 
27 
13 


13,084 
9,817 
13,160 
17,447 
20,307 


23.7 
21.7 

19.4 
15.6 
19.1 


7.4 
7.2 
5.6 
4.9 
2,7 


4.3 
3.6 
3.2 
4.0 
4.9 


2.3 
2.4 
2.4 
1.7 
4.8 


3.7 
3.3 
3.3 
2.5 
3.3 


3.2 
2.9 
2.4 
1.6 
1.7 


2.8 
2.3 
2.5 
.9 
1.7 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 

Cement, line and plaster 

Glass 

Sand, gravel and crushed stone 

All other 


27 
48 
65 
28 
24 


4,918 
15,290 
15,683 

7,244 

14,010 


20.6 
17.5 
28.9 
28.0 
16.6 


8 
16 
35 
10 

3 


1,503 
6,349 
9,006 
3,321 
2,526 


20.5 
16.7 
28.7 
32.9 
24.3 


7.5 
5.3 
8.6 
6.9 
5.0 


4.1 
3.8 
5.9 
3.8 
4.6 


3.1 

2.1 

2.3 

11.1 

.6 


1.8 
2.1 
6.5 

1.3 
.5 


1.9 
1.5 
3.7 
6.1 
6.2 


2,1 
1.9 
1.7 
3.7 
7.4 


(continued) 















































Vo 


. I - Page 95 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


























WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5--ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




(Only thoM 


establishments with sales ol more than $100,000 are included.) 












Alt establishments with sales 
ol more than $100,000 


Establishments analyzed j 






Opereltns expentei ( indue 


ng pay r 


lit) of .uch eslablii 


iincnl. 


Kind of Business 






Opeial- 
ing ex- 




Net aalei 




expreued as 


peicer»l (o 


net sale. 










Net MJct 


Number 




















Numbei 


(«ld 000) 


percent 
to >ate« 




(•dil 000) 


Total 


Adminis- 
trative 


Sellini 


Delivery 


Waie- 

heuae 


Occu- 
pancy 


Other 


MACHmfHY, BJtJIPMENT ADD SUy^LIES 


























Coimerelal machinery, equliment 


and supplies 


























Office (except furniture) 


38 


$9,227 


28.3 


10 


$2,664 


30.6 


14.4 


8.5 


2.0 


1.6 


2.7 


1.4 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


103 


28,347 


24.7 


45 


13,766 


24.7 


8,1 


9.2 


1.2 


2.1 


2.4 


1.7 


All other 


17 


3,658 


17.9 


9 


2,025 


18.1 


5.8 


7.7 


.8 


.5 


1.9 


1.4 


Farm and dairy machinery and 


























equipnent 


115 


37,472 


17.4 


51 


23,129 


17.1 


4.6 


4.6 


.7 


1.3 


1.5 


4.4 


Industrial equlpiient and supplies 


























Industrial (full line) 


162 


78,102 


18.9 


102 


54,122 


18.7 


5.6 


6.3 


1.1 


1.9 


2.1 


1.7 


Belting, hose and packing 


40 


7,966 


25.0 


22 


4,222 


26.6 


11.9 


9.3 


.6 


1.2 


2.4 


1.0 


Power transmission equljment 


16 


4,211 


23.5 


5 


2,022 


32.1 


10.0 


9.2 


.9 


3.4 


2.1 


6.5 


Rope, cordage and twine 


31 


12,879 


10.8 


15 


7,462 


10.4 


3.7 


4.3 


.6 


.5 


.7 


.6 


All other 


275 


75,969 


19.2 


137 


40,803 


19.5 


7.3 


5.7 


1.4 


1.7 


1.8 


1.6 


Industrial machinery 


























Construction (including road 


























building) 


144 


48,748 


18.0 


47 


17,683 


17.3 


5.2 


6.7 


.7 


1.2 


1.6 


1.9 


Machine tools 


28 


8,455 


16.6 


20 


6,636 


16.1 


5.4 


6.1 


.8 


1.0 


1.7 


1.1 


Mining and quarrying 


30 


9,350 


17.6 


18 


5,571 


17.9 


4.6 


5.8 


1.1 


2.0 


2.0 


2.4 


Oil well and oil refining 


359 


129,261 


9.9 


60 


25,503 


8.2 


1.9 


2.6 


.6 


.8 


1.3 


1.0 


Power plant 


19 


3,913 


22.0 


6 


1,081 


20.4 


6.5 


7.2 


1.3 


1.4 


1.7 


2.3 


Textile 


15 


3,871 


24.6 


5 


1,982 


26.9 


9.1 


10.7 


1.0 


.5 


1.6 


4.0 


Used machinery and equipment 


32 


6,917 


26.8 


8 


2,155 


29.3 


9.4 


6.0 


2.2 


7.0 


3.3 


1.4 


All other 


60 


14,448 


25.3 


20 


4,642 


30.2 


12.0 


6.4 


1.7 


1.7 


3.7 


4.7 


Professional equipment and 


























supplies 


























Dental 


76 


16,303 


29.0 


36 


8,108 


28.4 


9.0 


10.9 


1.3 


.7 


3.8 


2.7 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


57 


20,172 


27.7 


24 


9,181 


32.5 


11.3 


14.0 


1.2 


1.8 


2.3 


1.9 


All other 


69 


23,711 


25.0 


33 


8,424 


25.7 


10.0 


6.9 


1.5 


1.8 


2.5 


3.0 


Service equipment and supplies 


























Barber and beauty parlor 


93 


21,753 


32.5 


50 


11,001 


36.3 


11.6 


14.5 


2.2 


1.6 


3.6 


2.6 


Laundry 


65 


18,549 


20.9 


19 


7,068 


18.8 


5.1 


8.0 


1.2 


2.2 


1.1 


1.2 


Upholsterers' 


76 


20,459 


23.3 


45 


15,201 


25.6 


9.3 


8.5 


1.4 


1.2 


2.8 


2.4 


All other 


89 


21,323 


22.4 


33 


8,373 


28.4 


9.0 


12.8 


1.5 


1.4 


2.3 


1.4 


Transportation equipment and 


























supplies 


























Aircraft and aeronautical 


3 


757 


21.3 


2 


z 


33.9 


13.2 


7.2 


.7 


1.3 


2.6 


8.9 


Railroad 


17 


15,646 


22.0 


6 


5,112 


28.4 


13.9 


9.1 


1.9 


1.7 


1.4 


.4 


Boats (including motor, sail 


























and steam) 


14 


3,586 


19.5 


11 


2,283 


20.4 


7.9 


5.1 


1.6 


.8 


2.4 


2.6 


All other 


27 


8,563 


19.3 


15 


4,221 


18.9 


9.3 


3.9 


1.4 


.8 


1.3 


2.2 


METALS AND METAL WORK 


























(EXCEPT SCRAP) 


























Iron and steel (except structural) 


175 


73,237 


18.9 


105 


40,911 


18.5 


6.4 


4.5 


1.8 


2.3 


2.3 


1.2 


Structural iron and steel 


53 


17,342 


20.1 


25 


8,594 


21.8 


6.8 


4.5 


2.0 


4.1 


3.0 


1.4 


"'Ira, wire fence and wire rope 


18 


4,884 


13.5 


12 


3,176 


12.4 


3.8 


3.7 


.4 


2.4 


1.3 


.8 


Copper 


10 


4,331 


9.7 


6 


3,242 


S.7 


3.0 


2.6 


.6 


.8 


.8 


.9 


Sheet metal products 


91 


35,887 


15.1 


47 


22,444 


15.3 


5.2 


3.6 


1.4 


2.6 


1.4 


1.1 


Other metals and metal work 


50 


83,864 


4.7 


24 


17,301 


12.8 


3.6 


4.1 


1.2 


1.3 


1.1 


1.5 


PAP5E AND ITS PRODUCTS 


























Wrapping or coarse paper and 


























products 
»100,000 to 199,999 


656 


250,368 


17.3 


440 


171,146 


17.2 


5.3 


6.0 


1.4 


1.6 


1.6 


1.3 


258 


36,353 


19.7 


167 


23,732 


19.2 


5.8 


6.4 


1.7 


1.7 


2.1 


1.5 


$200,000 to 299,999 


150 


36,412 


17.6 


102 


24,745 


17.9 


5.7 


5.0 


1.6 


1.4 


1.7 


1.5 


8300,000 to 499,999 


116 


44,455 


18.3 


87 


33,440 


18.0 


6.0 


6.1 


1.4 


1.6 


1.6 


1.3 


»500,000 to 999,999 


88 


59,329 


17.4 


53 


35,435 


18.2 


5.8 


6.2 


1.6 


1.5 


1.6 


1.5 


♦1,000,000 and over 


44 


73,809 


15.3 


31 


53,794 


14.9 


4.3 


5.6 


1.1 


1.6 


1.4 


.9 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


125 


58,133 


17.6 


91 


47,166 


18.1 


5.4 


6.0 


1.5 


1.7 


1.8 


1.7 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


89 


25,323 


21.8 


58 


16,506 


22.4 


7.3 


7.3 


1.7 


2.0 


2.4 


1.7 


Wall paper 


44 


8,749 


31.0 


31 


5,830 


34.1 


9.0 


10.9 


2.9 


8.2 


4.3 


4.8 


PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS 


166 


111,318 


12.0 


97 


54,350 


14.2 


4.1 


4.2 


1.8 


1.1 


1.7 


1.3 


(continued) 



























Vol. I - Page 96 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



1935 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 



FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
(Only those establishmenU with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 



Kind of Business 



All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 



Net tnlei 
(sdd OOP) 



Opetaf 
ing ex- 
peniei, 
percent 
to •«!«■ 



Establishments analyzed 



(•dd 000) 



Operating eicpenaei (including pay roll) of auch ealabliahmen 
ezpreiaed aa percent to net aalea 



Adminia- 
trative 



Selling 



Delivery 



Ware- 
houae 



Occu- 
pancy 



FLUME mc AM) HEATINS EQUIBfflNT 
AMD 3UFPLIIS 

Plumbing and beating (full line) 
$100,000 to 199,999 
ftEOO.OOO to 299,999 
5300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 

Heating (Including stoves and 

ranges) 
Plumbing fixtures, equipment 

and supplies 
All other 

TOBACCO AMD ITS PRODUCTS 

(EXCEPT uaj) 

JlOO.OOO to 199,999 
$300,000 to 299,999 
1^300,000 to 499,999 
5500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 

WASTE tlATERIALS 

Ii-on and steel scrap 
Junk and scrap (full line) 
7/aste paper, rags and rubber 
Nonferrous metals 

ALL OTHER PRCTUCTS 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Flowers and nurseiy stock 
Forest prodtr ts (except lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oils and greases (animal and 

vegetable) 
Rubber (crude) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry gjods 
Yams 
Miscellaneous kiois of business 



363 



157 
84 
77 
45 



65 



255 
29 



♦110,926 



18.6 



206 



1,274 



344 
271 
261 
250 
148 



249 

193 

267 

81 



215 
77 
75 

277 

31 
9 

74 
62 

70 



22,671 
20,325 
29,423 
38,507 



19,038 

63,063 
6,734 



717,927 



19.8 
20.0 
19.1 
16.9 



21.8 



19.0 
23.3 



5.4 



96 
40 
44 
26 



38 



145 
10 



740 



$64.218 



18.7 



6.0 



4.6 



1.2 



2.0 



13,560 

9,976 

16,963 

23,719 



9,958 

38,247 
2,675 



490,244 



20.7 
20.9 
18.4 
16.8 



21.9 



19.9 
22.1 



5.2 



6.8 
6.9 
6.0 
5.3 



6.9 



6.5 
7.7 



1.5 



4.4 
5.4 
5.0 
4.0 



4.8 
8.0 



1.6 



1.8 
1.1 

1.1 
1.0 



1.6 



1.6 
.3 



1.7 
1.7 
1.8 
2.4 



2.3 



2.2 

2.7 



.5 



49,603 

66,790 

101,989 

170,813 

328,732 



139,220 
53,030 

100,478 
26,402 



88,305 
15,532 
26,401 
73,012 

25,528 
11,229 

24,551 
34,055 
22,614 



6.6 
5.4 
5.4 
5.0 
5.5 



10.7 

14.7 

15.3 

8.0 



19.0 
19.3 
14.2 
11.9 

9.0 
8.4 

15.2 

8.0 

18.8 



126 
135 
169 
195 
115 



102 

107 

144 

20 



68 

45 

32 

127 

11 
2 

39 
33 
42 



19,163 

33,463 

65,219 

133,442 

238,957 



47,521 
31,258 
61,159 
12,614 



20,586 

8,725 

14,670 

44,122 

6,760 



13,213 
22,381 
14,899 



7.4 
6.4 
5.6 
5.3 
4.7 



13.6 

14.4 

15.9 

9.0 



21.6 
18.8 
13.2 
12.3 

9.0 
12.8 

17.9 

8.0 

18.9 



1.9 
1.8 
1.6 
1.4 
1.4 



3.6 
3.7 
4.3 

2.7 



7.1 
6.1 
5.0 
4.1 

3.5 
1.7 

6.9 
3.3 

5.1 



2.2 
2.0 
1.7 
1.6 
1.5 



1.5 

1.4 

2.1 

.9 



7.3 
5.7 
1.5 
3.7 

1.7 
4.2 

4.4 
2.0 
7.3 



3.3 
2.8 
2.8 
1.7 



2.7 

1.5 

3.5 

.9 

1.3 
4.8 

1.8 

.4 

1.8 



2.4 
3.0 
3.5 

1.6 



1.8 

1.0 

1.1 

.9 

1.1 
.5 

1.5 

.3 
1.0 



2.4 



3.0 
3.0 
2.2 
1.9 



2.3 
1.4 



1.3 
.8 
.7 
.6 
.3 



1.9 
2.3 
2.0 

1.1 



1.7 
2.7 
1.2 
1.6 

1.1 
.2 

2.2 

1.2 
1.3 



2.5 



3.0 
2.8 
2.3 
2.2 



2.0 



2.5 

2.0 



.9 
.8 
.7 
.7 . 
.5 



.8 
1.2 
1.2 

1.0 



1.0 

1.8 

.9 

1.1 

.3 
1.4 

1.1 

.8 

1.4 













Vol. I - Page 97 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 6-CREDlT SALES OF FULL^ERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESAI FRS 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


All es 


tablishments 


Esta 


blishments reporting credit sales 


Number 


Sales 
( cash and 

credit ) 
(add 000) 


Credit sales | 


Number 


Net sales 
(add 000 


Amount 
(add 000) 


Per. 
cent 


UNITED STATiS TOTAL 


88,931 


$17,661,P91 


62j^086 


513.650.448 


*11.123.208 


81.5 


Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras and motion picture eijpt. and apis. 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and flreworka 
All other 


1,068 


117,045 


672 


80.418 


68.116 


84.7 


74 
191 

134 
461 
208 


4,897 
38,268 
17,020 
35,393 
21,467 


50 

23 

113 

334 

152 


4,389 

10,566 
16,170 
31,568 
17,725 


3,573 
10,065 
12,928 
26,325 
15,225 


81.4 
95.3 
80.0 
83.4 
85.9 


Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipnent 
Tires and tubes 


5,672 


780,424 


4,331 


600,647 


347,229 


57.8 


399 

4,840 

433 


378,726 

349,186 

52,512 


269 

3,740 

322 


256,513 

297,238 

46,896 


93,683 

214,750 

38,796 


36.5 
72.2 
82.7 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fenoented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


5,496 


698,511 


2,965 


514.173 


343,779 


66.9 


4,016 
1,480 


261,259 
417,252 


1,891 
1,074 


173,882 
340,291 


68,805 
254,974 


51.1 
74.9 


Chemicals nnri Faints 
Dye stuffs 
Explosives 

Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


1,426 


275,301 


1,123 


225,146 


199,572 


88.6 


57 

26 

204 

36 

772 

331 


15,816 
1,615 
80,310 
33,148 
66,326 
78,064 


42 

20 

169 

27 

650 

215 


12.867 
1,406 
67,050 
24,068 
54,305 
55,450 


12,829 
1,282 
63,089 
15,030 
44,904 
62,438 


99.7 
91.2 
94.1 
62.4 
82.7 
95.4 


Clothing and Furnishings 

Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 

Ken's and boys' 

Women's and children's 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


3,960 


648,881 


3,342 


604 , 385 


571,567 


94.6 


574 
1,001 
1,085 
277 
202 
360 
461 


65,505 

117,443 

233,602 

33,093 

35,657 

42,161 

121,420 


441 
803 
966 
235 
173 
305 
417 


56,944 

102,854 

223,376 

30,527 

34,012 

39,391 

117,281 


50,886 
94,764 

215,495 
28,059 
31,647 
37,624 

113,092 


89.4 
92.1 
96.5 
91.? 
93.0 
95.5 
96.4 


Coal and Coke 


773 


368,695 


620 


321,996 


297,464 


92.4 


Drugs (full line) 


295 


324,113 


248 


254,960 


221,173 


86.7 


Drugs and Dru/? Sundries (specialty lines) 
Dru4^ specialties 
Patent medicines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


1,268 


123,469 


772 


66,928 


77,858 


89,6 


342 
215 
426 

285 


29,554 
21,995 
40,671 
31,249 


224 
128 
245 

175 


2ii,202 

9,650 

25,945 

29,131 


18,297 

8,982 

24,217 

26,362 


62,4 
93,1 
93.3 
90.5 


Dry Goods (full line) 


306 


265,724 


269 


242,178 


226,833 


93.7 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
jj.1 other 


3,301 


719,676 


2,642 


687,623 


668,244 


97.2 


915 

1,873 

513 


96,778 

593,867 

29,031 


777 

1,693 

372 


88,393 

572,379 

26,851 


85,659 

559,391 

23,194 


95.9 
97.7 
86.4 


Electrical Goods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 
Apparatus and equipment 
Wiring supplies and construction material 
Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


2,438 


576,542 


2,073 


525,313 


446,419 


85.0 


419 

199 

734 

1,086 


184,233 
20,931 
76,859 

294,519 


408 
146 
633 
886 


173,895 
17,815 
69,029 

264,574 


160,127 
15,309 
60,554 

210,419 


92.1 
85.9 
87.7 
79.5 


(continued on next page) 















Vol. 1 - Page 98 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



1935 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



TABLE 6- 



-CREDIT SALES OF FULL^ERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 
BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Farm Products - raw matsrlals 
Cotton 
Grain 

Hides, skins and furs (raw) 
Horses and mules 
Livestock 
Silk (raw) 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
All other 

Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 
All other 

Farm Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 
All other 

Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 
Musical instruments and sheet music 

General Merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Fish and sea foods 
Flour 

Meats and meat products 
Soft drinks 
Sugar 
Other foods and grocery specialties 

Hardware 

Hardware (ftill line) 
Heirdware (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 
Clocks ana watches 
Diamonds and other precious stones 
Other Jewelry specialties 
Optical goods 



(continued on next page) 



All establishmenU 



Number 



2,199 



263 

474 

674 

9 

26 

16 

224 

135 

178 

11,188 



2,178 
1,778 
1,019 
6,164 
49 



951 
78 

354 
50 

1.959 



321 
366 
375 
784 
113 

209 

3,833 

12,156 



291 
964 

2,070 

1,285 
505 

2,218 
429 
126 

4,268 

1,129 



610 
519 

1,801 



224 
160 
274 
758 
385 



Net sales 

(add 000) 



$1,562,487 



518,244 

483,949 

189,342 

1,056 

2,557 

67,393 

73,938 

156,173 

69,835 

1,941,059 



427,966 
230,602 
304,576 
972,532 

5,383 

281,731 



149,087 

32,015 

90,759 

9,870 

243,457 



33,497 
89,021 
38,164 
69,327 
13,448 

361,647 

1,953,762 

1,682,961 



77,222 
220,488 
111,867 
120,054 

77,909 
441,852 

20 , 815 

62,382 
550,372 

428,249 



Establishments reporting credit sales 



Number 



_1^274 



36 

&4Z 

609 

2 

18 

16 
141 

96 
114 

7,375 



1,335 
976 
722 

4,313 
29 

953 



620 
45 

257 
31 

1,454 



Sales 
( cash and 

credit ) 
(add 000) 



♦579.745 



46,076 

109,633 

132,302 

530 

2,400 

67,393 

43,570 

128,208 

49,631 



1,546, 722 



309,219 
164,875 
267,672 
803,334 
3,622 

176,499 



Credit sales 



Amount 
(add 000) 



$473.318 



28,525 

69,242 

108,349 

184 

1,359 

64,931 

38,824 

121,593 

40,311 

1,144.470 



69,173 

13,032 

71,030 

3,264 



235 
317 
262 
546 
94 

180 

2,869 

7,849 



387,020 
41,229 

180,685 



42,107 
29,198 
27,732 
53,834 
27,814 



196 
714 

1,307 
849 
346 

1,600 

150 

93 

2,594 

977 



212^405 



29,537 
83,960 
31,033 
56,766 
11,109 

247,721 

1,576,885 

1,312,542 



546 
431 

1,319 



172 
113 
206 
525 
303 



66,156 
159,300 

86,913 
103,934 

56,719 

362,367 

7,583 

44,352 
425,216 

388,065 



219,684 
130,828 
218,740 
572,421 
2,597 

114,160 



57,164 
4,960 

50,217 
1,819 

191,768 



27,492 
76,796 
25,493 
52,717 
9,270 

151,340 

1,236,561 

1,048,805 



353,331 
34,734 

153,862 



38,596 
25,124 
23,112 
44,041 
22,989 



57,009 

142,457 

57,098 

86,186 

44,415 

292,980 

4,189 

35,173 

329,298 

344,915 



314,194 
30,721 



138,215 



32,477 
23,785 
20,634 
40,101 
21,216 



Per- 
cent 



81.6 



61.9 
63.2 
81.9 
34.7 
56.6 
96.3 
89.1 
94.8 
81.2 

73.9 



71.1 
79.3 
81.7 
71.3 
71.7 

64.7 



64.1 
38.1 
70.7 
55.7 

90.3 



93.1 
91.5 
82.1 
92.9 
83.4 

61.1 

78.4 

79.9 



86.2 
89.4 
65.7 
82.9 
76.3 
80.9 
55.2 
79.3 
77.4 

88.9 



88.9 
88.4 

89.8 



84.1 
94.7 
89.3 
91,1 
92.3 













Vol. I - Page 99 


CENSUS OF BUSINFSS 














WHOI FSALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 6-CREDIT SALES OF FULL^ERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




BY 


KINDS OF BUSINESS 










KIND OF BUSINESS 


All establishments 


EUtablishments reporting credit sales 


Number 


Sales 

( cash and 

credit i 


Credit sales | 


Number 


Net sales 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 






(add 000) 




(add 000) 


(add 000) 


Lumber and Construction Uaterials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


2,817 


♦491,857 


2,246 


#395,592 


$359,658 


90.9 


504 


76.051 


442 


61,988 


54,486 


87,9 


Lumber and millworjc 


1,597 


339,092 


1,200 


268,856 


246,834 


91.8 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


119 


8,732 


104 


7,565 


6,689 


88.4 


Cement, lime and plaster 


130 


18,956 


120 


16,482 


14,646 


90.1 


Glass 


262 


21,638 


230 


19,625 


17,600 


88.8 


Sand, grarel and cruBhed etone 


110 


10,257 


83 


8,616 


7,552 


87.7 


All other 


95 


17,131 


67 


12,260 


11,651 


95.0 


Machinery, Equipnent and Supplies 

Conmercial machinery, equipment & supplies 


7,198 


835,647 


5,672 


720,723 


648,581 


90.0 














Office (except furniture) 


194 


14,308 


148 


9,687 


7,700 


79.5 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


673 


44,860 


467 


38,571 


31,672 


82.1 


All other 


68 


5,195 


51 


4,510 


3,306 


73.3 


Farm and dairy machinery and equlpnent 


336 


45,250 


256 


40,081 


33,643 


83.9 


Industrial equipment and supplies 














Industrial (full line) 


189 


79,828 


168 


72,236 


67,857 


93.9 


Belting, hose and packing 


168 


12,281 


142 


10,435 


9,677 


92.7 


Power transmission equipment 


66 


6,778 


56 


4,933 


4,364 


88.5 


Rope, cordage and twine 


56 


14,087 


44 


12,806 


11,915 


93.0 


All other 


1,028 


102,508 


839 


92,234 


84,938 


92.1 


Industrial machinery 














Construction (including road building) 


277 


53,831 


199 


43,245 


39,149 


90.5 


Machine tools 


79 


10,689 


64 


9,729 


9,160 


94.2 


Mining and quarrying 


87 


11,184 


64 


8,865 


7,792 


87.9 


Oil well and oil refining 


759 


152,273 


621 


•131,939 


126,624 


96.0 


Power plant 


65 


5,806 


49 


5,023 


4,643 


92.4 


Textile 


48 


5,149 


38 


4,611 


4,271 


92.6 


Used machinery and equipment 


192 


11,851 


119 


9,031 


6,792 


75.2 


All other 


354 


24,292 


281 


19,437 


16,301 


83.9 


Professional equl^ent and supplies 














Dental 


256 


23,202 


217 


21,069 


17,410 


82.6 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


203 


26,033 


170 


22,194 


19,889 


89.6 


All other 


252 


30,121 


203 


23,836 


21,429 


89.9 


Service equipment and supplies 














Barber and beauty parlor 


645 


38,348 


510 


34,728 


28,605 


82.4 


Laundry 


138 


21 , 768 


123 


20,002 


18,609 


93.0 


Upholsterers' 


200 


25,636 


178 


24,865 


22,255 


89.4 


All other 


623 


34,516 


477 


25,46C 


22,203 


67.2 


Transportation equipment and supplies 














Aircraft and aeronautical 


15 


1,445 


8 


611 


321 


39.6 


Railroad 


33 


16,588 


28 


15,536 


14,776 


95.1 


Boats ( including motor, sail and steam) 


71 


5,447 


61 


5,051 


4,259 


84.3 


All other 


123 


12,373 


91 


9,778 


9,021 


92.3 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


810 


281,996 


641 


156,715 


147,241 


94.0 


345 


114,884 


283 


68,351 


64,176 


93.9 


Structural iron and steel 


93 


18,965 


77 


16,635 


15,966 


96.0 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


61 


7,759 


49 


6,626 


6,245 


94.2 


Copper 


19 


4,635 


17 


4,306 


4,177 


97.0 


Sheet metal products 


179 


40,243 


141 


31 , 828 


29,558 


92.9 


All other 


113 


95,510 


74 


28,969 


27,117 


93.6 


Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 


2,549 


408,935 


2,111 


361,893 


332,477 


91.9 


1,572 


291,576 


1,325 


255,266 


236,535 


92.7 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


211 


62,540 


190 


59,392 


56,463 


95.1 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


504 


38,209 


405 


33,519 


29,811 


88.9 


Wall paper 


262 


16,610 


ISl 


13,716 


9,668 


70.5 


Petroleum and Its Products 


674 


132,399 


464 


105,529 


84,259 


79.6 


(continued on next page) 















Vol. I - Page 100 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



1935 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



TABLE 6- CREDIT SALES OF FULL^ERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



All establUhmenU 



Number 



Net sales 
(add OOP) 



Establishments reporting credit sales 



Number 



Sales 
( cash and 

credit ) 
(add OOP) 



Credit sales 



Amount 
(add POP) 



Per- 
cent 



Plumbing und Hooting Squlpment and Supplies 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 
Heating (including stOTes and ranges) 
Plumbing fixtures, equipment and supplies 
All other 

Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 

Waste Uaterials 

Iron and steel scrap 
Junk and scrap (full line) 
Waste paper , rags and rubber 
Nonf errous metals 

All Other Products 

Booics, periodicals emd newspapers 

Flowers and nursery stock 

Forest products (except lumber) 

Leather and leather goods 

Oils and greases (anliral and vegetable) 

Rubber ( crude ) 

Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yams 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 



1,745 



508 
224 
865 
146 

2,253 

4,793 



1,456 

1,537 

1,578 

222 



636 

539 

550 

1,057 

77 

27 

305 

175 
818 



|245,173 



119,862 
24,682 
88,465 
10,164 

783,368 

399,664 



$210,626 



»184,497 



463 
182 
701 
108 

1,529 

1,655 



166,181 
79,537 

125,994 
27,952 

550,233 



106,524 

19,341 

77,219 

7,542 

638,659 

272,618 



108,550 
25,124 
80,373 

104,873 
43,212 
62,436 

35,445 
41,562 
48,658 



476 

462 

668 

49 

2,807 



108,830 
51,568 

101,502 
10,718 

447,880 



459 
289 
333 
828 
52 
23 

213 
155 
455 



87 , 365 
22,079 
67,940 
91,550 
31 , 943 
42,626 

25,963 
40,689 
37,725 



95,310 

16,411 

66,560 

6,216 

419,637 

241,041 



97,729 

40,292 

93,907 

9,113 

394,013 



78,682 
15,387 
65,759 
84,122 
15,777 
37,773 

23,223 
39,241 
34,049 



87.6 



89.5 
84.9 
86.2 
82.4 

65.7 

88.4 



89.8 
78.1 
92.5 
85.0 

88.0 



90.1 
69.7 
96.8 
91.9 
49.4 
88.6 

89.4 
96.4 
90.3 



Vol. 1 - Page 101 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 6 CREDIT SALES OF MANUFACTURERS SALES BRANCHES (With Stocks) 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


All establishments 


Establishments reporting credit sales 


Number 


Sales 

( cash and 

credit > 


Credit sa 


es 


Number 


Net sales 


Amount 


Per- 






(add 000; 




ladd 000) 


(add 000) 




UNITED STATES TOTAL 


11,634 


17,446,014 


9,397 


$6,232,227 


|5, 143, 453 


82.5 


Amusement and Sporting Goods 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


241 


102.090 


176 


59,835 


42,176 


71.2 


93 
58 
16 

74 


42,408 

14,863 

4,838 

39,981 


34 

57 
14 
71 


24,880 
X 
X 

17,972 


12,552 

X 
X 

14,866 


50.5 
90.3 
87.6 
82.7 


Automotive 

Autonobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 


896 


1,261,865 


775 


1,150,995 


501,534 


43.6 


432 
193 
271 


1,006,177 

46,950 

208,738 


417 
171 
187 


956,947 

36,764 

147,284 


321,113 

34,771 

145,650 


33.2 
94.6 
98.9 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Winea and liquors 


377 


265,812 


281 


218,393 


189,399 


86.7 


261 

116 


68,275 
197,537 


178 
103 


52,942 
165,451 


36,704 
152,695 


59.3 
92.3 


Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


561 


427,535 


495 


399,843 


385,660 


96.5 


33 

43 

73 

265 

147 


33,614 

32,377 

122,582 

168,189 

70,773 


26 

43 

68 

243 

113 


30 , 104 

32,377 

122,266 

157,094 

58,000 


29,949 

32,120 

113,754 

152,030 

57,807 


99.5 
99.2 
93.0 
95.8 
99.7 


Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothing and/or furnishings 
Men's and boys' 
Women's and children's 
Furs, dressed and fur clothing 
Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 
Shoes and other footwear 


345 


282,163 


282 


262,686 


260,004 


99.0 


20 

137 

103 

5 

14 

11 

55 


8,917 

96,279 

47,608 

622 

13,550 

1,320 

111,667 


17 

105 

85 

5 
10 

7 
53 


8,339 

89,707 

39,195 

622 

12,290 

1,262 

111,271 


8,175 

87,753 

39,117 

604 

12,045 

1,218 

111,092 


98.0 
97.8 
99.8 
97.1 
98.0 
96.5 
99.8 


Coal and Coke 


10 


8,331 


9 


8,312 


5,954 


71.8 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 
Drug specialties 
Patent medicines 

Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


270 


128,468 


167 


107,452 


105,804 


98.5 


115 
38 
99 
18 


73,163 

23,391 

27,153 

4,761 


100 
23 
30 
14 


53,495 

18,385 

20,899 

4,673 


62,453 

17,958 

20,753 

4,640 


98.4 
97.7 
99.3 
99.3 


Dry Goods 


208 


180,322 


185 


163,102 


161,112 


98.8 


Electrical Goods 


428 


349,819 


353 


238,977 


230,331 


95.4 


Farm Products - consumer goods 


327 


71,570 


261 


55,160 


35,360 


54.1 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
All other 


74 


31,785 


63 


28,403 


9,142 


32.2 


30 

39 

5 


2,904 

28.409 

472 


27 

30 

5 


2,455 

25,476 

472 


1,500 

7,073 

469 


55.2 
27.8 
99.4 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 
All other 


250 


76,959 


202 


66,296 


64,516 


97.3 


50 

121 

72 

7 


28,443 

32,292 

15,867 

2,357 


48 

85 

65 

4 


25,040 

23,749 

15,585 

1,922 


24,988 

23,375 

14,592 

1,561 


99.8 
98.4 
93.6 
81.2 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 


3,102 


2,252,166 


2,670 


1,680,502 


1,650,092 


87.7 


230 
14 


161,838 
12,338 


120 
13 


119,688 

X 


102,413 

X 


85.6 
98.4 


(continued on next page) 















X Figures withheld lo avoid disclosure of individual operation!. 



Vol. I - Page 102 














CENSUS OF BUSINESS 














WHOI FSALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 6-CRF,niT SALES OF MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (With Stocks) 




BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 












All establishments 


Establishments reporting credit sales 


KIND OF BUSINESS 








Sales 

( cash and 

credit) 


Credit sales | 












Number 


Net sales 


Number 


Amount 


Per- 

cent 






(add 000) 




(add 000) 


(add 000) 




Groceries and Foode (specialty lines) 














(continued) 














Confectionery 


81 


$37,096 


21 


J8,871 


$8,185 


92.3 


Flour 


165 


122,066 


141 


109,927 


79,411 


72.2 


Meats and meat products 


937 


1,080,929 


895 


1,038,167 


939,827 


90.5 


Soft drinks 


31 


6,843 


24 


X 


X 


39.2 


Other food and grocery specialties 


1,644 


831,036 


1,456 


587,439 


507,844 


86.5 


Hardware 


52 


18,327 


37 


7,895 


7,770 


98.4 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 


249 


91,458 


44 


69,754 


67,710 


97.1 


43 


72,507 


29 


67,468 


65,732 


97.4 


Optical goods 


206 


18,951 


15 


2,286 


1,978 


86.5 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


261 


112,792 


191 


88,623 


84,836 


95.7 


45 


32,474 


18 


18,654 


18,514 


99.2 


Lumber and millwork 


38 


13,186 


34 


12,330 


12,039 


97.6 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


44 


5,403 


42 


5,092 


4,521 


88.6 


Cement, lime and plaster 


27 


11,452 


18 


10,299 


9,024 


87.6 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


4 


118 


— 


— 


— 


— 


All other 


103 


50,159 


79 


42,248 


40,738 


96.4 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Commercial mchnry, , eqpt., and spls. 


2,642 


693,362 


2,143 


587,865 


521,289 


86.7 














Office (except furniture) 


955 


108,920 


717 


80,875 


58,083 


71.8 


Store , restaurant and hotel 


81 


18,935 


65 


17,894 


17,118 


95.7 


Farm and dairy maehineiy and equipment 


252 


193,308 


227 


181,873 


148,411 


81.6 


Industrial equipment and supplies 














Industrial (full line) 


7 


3,693 


6 


X 


X 


94.4 


Belting, hose and packing 


51 


26,869 


42 


25,736 


25,633 


99.6 


Power transmission equipment 


61 


7,206 


75 


9,067 


8,651 


95.4 


Rope, cordage and twine 


18 


6,863 


14 


5,013 


4,976 


99.3 


All other 


316 


95,162 


262 


81,329 


77,473 


95.3 


Industrial machinery 














Construction (including road building) 


81 


18,645 


68 


14,706 


14,164 


96.3 


Machine tools 


21 


7,369 


8 


2,740 


2,737 


99,9 


Mining and quarrying 


52 


22,179 


52 


22,179 


21,981 


99.1 


Oil well and oil refining 


150 


28,038 


127 


24,206 


23,491 


97.0 


Power plant 


9 


5,919 


8 


X 


I 


99.2 


Textile 


20 


16,058 


4 


1,882 


1,880 


99,9 


All other 


91 


41,422 


79 


28,785 


27,945 


97,1 


Professional equipment and supplies 














Dental 


38 


11,220 


37 


X 


X 


91.0 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


117 


18,869 


89 


15,966 


15,693 


98.3 


All other 


24 


3,789 


23 


X 


X 


98.8 


Serrioe equipment and supplies 














Barber and beauty parlor 


18 


3,598 


17 


X 


X 


99.1 


Laundry 


50 


14,871 


31 


10,958 


10,646 


97.2 


Upholsterers' 


43 


6,192 


43 


6,192 


5,738 


93.5 


All other 


158 


31,316 


144 


30,018 


29,501 


98.3 


Transportation equipment and supplies 


9 


2,911 


5 


1,708 


1,694 


99.2 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


271 


243,350 


189 


155,981 


152,828 


98.0 


UO 


108,011 


63 


65,067 


64,417 


99.0 


Structural iron and steel 


43 


22,063 


22 


X 


X 


85.5 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


50 


27,282 


42 


26,376 


26,325 


99.8 


Sheet metal products 


23 


19,350 


22 


X 


X 


98.5 


Other metals end metal work 


45 


66,644 


40 


30,595 


30,548 


99.8 


Paper and Its Products 


206 


150,420 


154 


102,934 


97,848 


95.1 


(continued on next page) 















X Figures withheld to avoid ditclosurc of individual operation*. 



Vol. 1 - Page 103 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 



1935 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



TABLE 6-CREDIT SALES OF MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (With Stocks) 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Petroleum and Its Products 

Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Supplies 

Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 

All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Forest products (except lumber) 
Leather and leatjjer goods 
Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yams 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 



All establishments 



Number 



56 



367 



65 



366 



46 
39 
90 
29 

25 

17 
118 



Net sales 
(add 000) 



$18,175 
102,251 
407,526 



19,531 
12,170 
59,745 
29,639 

19,389 

18,915 

8,079 



Establishments reporting credit sales 



Number 



50 
320 

61 
290 



36 
36 
80 
22 

24 
15 
77 



Sales 
( cash and 

credit ) 
(add 000) 



$16,708 

93,927 

316,849 

152j335 



12,479 

X 

56,169 

28,267 

X 

18,908 
5,628 



Credit sales 



Amount 
(add 000) 



$15,229 

90,836 



314,651 



12,379 

X 
55,873 
27,559 

X 

18,836 
4,570 



Per- 
cent 



91.1 



96.7 



99.3 



98.0 



99.2 
99.3 
99.5 
97.8 

96.0 
99.6 
81.2 



X Figures withheld to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 



Vol. I - Page 104 



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Vol. 1 


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110 










































71 




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Vol. 1 


- Page 


118 










































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10 l«CDairHt^(0»D 


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Vol. 1 - 


Page 119 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 








VVHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 






TABLE 9. -SALES. EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION 








Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Rolf 


Stocks on 


Type of Operation 


of 
e>l«b- 
luli 


Net 


expenses 

( including 
pay roll 


propne 

ors and 

firm 


[ tull.lime 


(add 000) 


fiand, end 


and Legal Form 




ime). Avg. 


Total 






of year 




menu 


add 000 1 


(add 000 1 


Fn embers 


for year 








(add 0001 


UNITED STATOS TOTAL 


176.756 


♦ 42,802,913 


♦4,163,480 


97,225 


y 

1,260,553 


(2,022,262 11,976,337 


(45,925 


♦3a06,609 


IjidlTldual Ppoprletor«hlp» 


60,306 


4,774,205 


336,844 


57,870 


156,025 


162,435 


152,635 


9,800 


243,907 


Partnerships 


20,000 


4,134,639 


251,221 


38,963 


91,111 


110,173 


105,578 


4,595 


222,171 


Corporetions 


88,471 


32,986,801 


3,468,698 


— 


1,000,819 


1,736,298 


1,706,968 


29,310 


2,609,907 


All other 2/ 


7,979 


907,268 


106,717 


392 


1/ 12,598 


y 13,356 


1/ 11,136 


1/2,220 


30,624 


FUIi-SiOTICE AND LDOTED-rDNCTION 


88.931 


17.661.691 


2,228,347 


61,586 


759,556 


1,162,275 


1,139,130 


23,145 


2,067,649 


'fflOLESALERS 


IndlTlduol Proprletorohlpo 


36,211 


2,206,327 


255,983 


34,919 


117,854 


126,275 


120,165 


6,120 


206,955 


Partnerships 


12,979 


1,952,578 


190,004 


26,478 


68,404 


83,294 


80,630 


2,664 


191,737 


Corporations 


39,432 


13,305,205 


1,763,320 


— 


571,051 


948,759 


934,467 


14,292 


1,642,799 


All othar 


309 


197,581 


19,040 


189 


2,247 


3,947 


3,878 


69 


26,168 


KANUTACTUIEHS' ,SST,F.«; BRANCHES 


11.634 


7.446.014 


881,155 


299 


211,280 


402,706 


398,738 


3,968 


596,558 


(Wira STOCKS) 
Individual Proprietorships 


144 


13,212 


1,574 


103 


521 


801 


784 


17 


1,525 


Partnerships 


134 


33,072 


4,390 


186 


1,256 


2,316 


2,297 


19 


4,852 


Corporations 


11,346 


7,397,537 


874,826 


— 


209,423 


399,446 


395,529 


5,917 


590,066 


All other 


10 


2,193 


265 


10 


80 


143 


128 


15 


116 


KANUFACTDRERS SALES OITICES 


4,196 


3,620,074 


239,889 


149 


42,895 


106,093 


105,266 


827 


„ 


(WITHCOT STOCKS) 
IndiTldual Proprietorships 


88 


9,205 


711 


70 


210 


396 


393 


5 


- 


Partnerships 


58 


21,349 


2,672 


78 


797 


1,542 






— 


Corporations 


4,042 


3,586,206 


236,442 


— 


41,869 


104,120 


103,305 


815 


— 


All other 


8 


3,314 


64 


1 


19 


35 


35 






BUIK TANK STATIONS 

Individual Proprietorships 


27.353 


2,704,047 


391,095 


3,546 


U 


1/ 


y 


V 


157,687 


2,329 


114,511 


12,455 


2,145 


5,136 


5,484 


5,204 


280 


5,218 


Partnerships 
Corporations 
All other 2/ 


871 
17,624 


52,969 
2,125,629 


6,857 
302,013 


1,371 


2,220 
83,565 


2,422 
138,685 


137,105 


1,580 


149,695 


6,509 


410,938 


69,770 


30 


\J 240 


1/ 350 


1/ 324 


1/ 6 




AGENTS AND BROKERS 


18.147 


8,908.076 


255,749 


14,950 


68,285 


129,666 


125,415 


4,451 


89,565 


Individual Proprietorships 


9,704 


1,986,118 


44,117 


9,438 


16,139 


20,043 


18,593 


1,450 


14,765 


Partnerships 
Corporations 
All other 


2,662 


1,819,063 


32,542 


5,456 


9,944 


14,593 








5,710 


5,068,727 


179,350 


— 


42,011 


94,886 


92,703 


2,185 


61,959 


71 


34,168 


740 


56 


191 


344 


322 






ASSa©LERS 

Individual Proprietorships 
Partnerships 
Corporations 
All other 


26,515 


2,463,011 


166,245 


16,695 


87,378 


74,401 


62,627 


11,574 


195,150 : 


11,830 

3,296 

10,317 


444,832 

255,608 

1,503,497 


21,904 

14,756 

112,747 


11,195 
5,394 


16,165 

8,490 

52,902 


9,436 
6,006 

50,402 


7,506 

4,993 

43,879 


1,950 
1,013 
6,523 


15,444 

10,519 
165,389 


1,072 


259,074 


16,838 


106 


9,821 


8,557 


6,449 


2,108 



















• Include! n 


1 compentation tor propiieloH and 1 


1/ Doei no 


include emplnvment and pmy roll 


2/ Includei 


omm.Mion bulk lank ■lalioni 



m«mb*ra ol unincorpor*l«d bucineaa 



Vol. 1 - Page 120 












CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 10-A. - AUXILIARY UNITS OF WHOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS 

NUMBER. SALES. EXPENSES, EMPLOYEES AND PAY ROLL OF AUXILIARY UNITS, BY STATES. 

(Data for auxiliary uniU are included in Tables 10-A and 10-B only.) 


Stale 


Number 

oi 
esUblUh- 
ment* 


Net tale, 
(add ODD) 


Total 
operating 
expenaes 
( including 
pay roll)!/ 
(add 000) 


Employees 
(hill -time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Total 
pay 
roll 

(add 000) 


UNITED STATES 


561 


$209,851 


(142,634 


30,718 


f61,857 


NEW ENGLAND 
Maine 

Massachusetts 
Connecticut 
Rhode Island 
Vermont 

KIDDLE ATLANTIC 
New Jersey 
New York 
Pennsylvania 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 
Illinois 
Indiana 
Mlcb Igan 
Ohio 
Wisconsin 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 
Iowa 
Kansas 
Minnesota 
Missouri 
Nebraska 
North Dakota 
South Dakota 

SOU-TH ATLANTIC 
Delaware 
Florida 
Georgia 

District of Columbia 
Maryland 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Virginia 
West Virginia 

E,;ST SOOTH CENTRAL 
Kentucky 
Mississippi 
Tennessee 
Alabama 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 

MOUNTAIN 
Colorado 
Idaho 
Montana 
Utah 
Wyoming 
Arizona 

PACIFIC 

California 

Oregon 

Washington 


45 


8.719 


5,715 


1.421 


3,154 


6 
28 

4 
1 
6 

88 


5,570 

1,445 

1,704 

35,496 


94 
3,534 

1,331 

756 

51.247 


44 

1,057 

187 

193 

7,428 


72 
2,024 

598 

460 

18,014 


5 
65 
18 

122 


9 
23,735 
11,752 

24,794 


885 

44,550 

5,812 

34,086 


385 
5,628 
1,415 

8,858 


547 

14,823 

2,644 

17,609 


41 
12 
14 
42 
13 

109 


10,933 
1,037 
1,890 

10,367 
567 

8.191 


9,220 
1,854 
4,809 
15,310 
2,893 

12.555 


2,899 

919 

1,248 

2,837 

955 

4,970 


5,551 
1,345 
2,079 
6,904 
1,730 

7,397 


17 
11 
31 
SS 
14 
S 
6 

47 


532 

288 

2,614 

4,126 

87 

225 

319 

26,503 


2,298 
544 
3,101 
5,463 
521 
377 
251 

7,115 


1,149 
243 
963 

2,117 
204 
148 
145 

2,012 


1,486 
392 
1,715 
3,078 
300 
227 
199 

4,189 


3 
9 

11 
2 
1 
1 
3 

12 
5 

11 


932 

2,708 

11,509 

767 
10,587 

1.544 


1,278 

886 

2,678 

429 

115 

1,529 

200 

1,686 


214 
378 
974 

84 

43 

260 

59 

639 


664 

597 

1,786 

384 

80 
544 
134 

1,151 


4 

4 
2 

1 

69 


686 
157 

701 
79,355 


914 
415 

357 
14,444 


326 
158 

155 
3,369 


676 
263 

212 
6,336 


2 

8 

23 

36 

25 


2,976 

71,392 
4,987 

1.488 


3,762 

3,919 
6,763 

1.971 


1,012 

901 
1,456 

478 


1,597 

1,923 
2.816 

909 


7 
6 
6 
3 
2 
1 

45 


640 

4 

823 

21 

23,761 


910 
152 
697 
116 

96 
13,815 


222 

51 

144 

33 

28 

1,543 


422 
96 

290 
47 

54 

5.098 


28 

6 

11 


20,814 

203 

2,744 


12,892 

70 

853 


1,357 

25 

161 


2,601 

52 

445 



1/ Doe« not include operaling csp«n»e» allocated lo marketing uniU. 















Vol. 1 - 


Page 121 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 














WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 10-B. - OWNERSHIP GROUPS 








NUMBER, NET 


SALES, OPERATING EXPENSES, EMPLOYEES AND PA\ 


ROLL OF WHOLESALE 




ORGANIZATIONS CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER 


OF ESTABLISHMENTS UNDER ONE OWNERSHIP. 




DATA ARE 


SHOWN SEPARATELY FOR WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS (market 


ng units) 






AND FOR AUXILIARY 


UNITS. W 








Number of 


Number 




Number 




Operating 


Employees 
(full-time 


Total 2/ 


establishments in 


o( 


Type of 


of 


Net sales 


expenses 


and part- 


pay roll" 


organization 


organiz- 
ations 


unit 


units 




including 
pay roll 


time). Avg. 












(add 000) 


(add 000) 


lor year 


(add 000) 






Marketing Units 


176,756 


142,602,913 


14,163,480 


3/ 
1,260,553 


FS, 022, 262 


UNITED STATES TOTAL 


^5.032 


.Auxiliary Units 


1/ 568 


209,851 


142,634 


30,718 


61,857 











fMarketing Units 


118,804 


22,338,763 


1,963,063 


689,853 


999,952 


1 Eatabllshraint only 


118,804 


















lAuiiliary Units 


43 


3,029 


1,420 


474 


1.174 






fMarketing Units 


5,522 


2,126,444 


212,324 


64,043 


106,052 


S Establishments 


2,761 


















(.Auiiliary Units 


51 


882 


1,134 


291 


568 






Marketing Units 


7,296 


3,492,619 


406,742 


103,140 


183,753 


5-5 EstabllsksntB 


2,030 


















Auxiliary Units 


106 


16,211 


13,259 


2,600 


■ 6,553 






Marketing Units 


4,300 


2,764,413 


236,623 


64,075 


115,272 


6-9 Establishments 


715 


















Auxiliary Units 


53 


9,236 


6,137 


1,310 


3,838 






fMarketlng Units 


3,143 


1,705,450 


179,890 


43,166 


81,748 


10-14 Establishments 


268 


I 
















lAuxillary Units 


34 


8,535 


7,821 


1,761 


3,615 






fMarketlng Units 


3,770 


2,038,431 


188,555 


45,434 


87,900 


15-34 Establishments 


208 


1 
















LioiTlllary Units 


40 


15,073 


12,651 


2,526 


5,748 






'Marketing Units 


4,160 


3,032,708 


316,430 


70,827 


129,621 


25-49 Establishments 


125 


















.Auxiliary Units 


40 


12,334 


35,666 


3,962 


9,643 






fllarketine Units 


4,057 


1,302,024 


138,138 


42,414 


70,937 


50-99 Establishments 


64 


















(.Auxiliary Units 


37 


567 


4,060 


1,393 


2,687 






fMarkating Units 


19,268 


3,599,187 


452,626 


137,601 


247,027 


100 and over 


57 


















lAuilliary Units 


164 


143,984 


60,486 


16,401 


28,031 


Commission Bulk Tank 
















Stations 


i/ 


Marketing Units 


6,436 


402,874 


69,089 


3/ 


3/ 



l^/ Data (or auxiliary uniti arc included in Tables lOA and lOB only. 

2/ Includei no compeniation for proprietor* and firm member* of unincorporated busineuea- 

3/ Inasmuch ai ii was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commisaion bulk tank atationa, these data are not included- 

4/ Not treated ai aepaiatc organizatifHia. 



Vol. I - Page 122 




























Ceniut o( ButincM 




























Wholfale Di.i,ibuiian: 1935 TABLE 11.--SAI FS MADE BY RETAILERS TO OTHER RETAILERS 
















KINDS OF BUSINESS BY STATES 1/ 




















(Expressed in thousands o( 


dollars) 














— — ^ . 

DIVISION AND STATE 


Total 


Food 
StorM 


General 
Stores 

(with 
food) 


General 
Merchan- 
dise 
Group 


Apparel 
Group 


Auto- 
motive 
Group 


Filling 
Stations 


Furniture- 

householc 

Group 


Lumbcr- 

building- 

hardware 

Group 


Eating 

and 
Drinking 
Places 


Drug 
Stores 


Other 
Retail 
Stores 


Second- 
hand 
Stores 


UNITED STAT^ 
NEW ENGLAND 

Connect icut 


|537j749 


♦113,224 


♦^o.'^e 


♦I3j686 


|5,779 


♦202,401 


♦15^96 


H8,298 


|41j079 


»1,382 


|3,179 


tl08,716 


$3,631 


38,838 


9,418 


103 


1,,306 


157 


16,312 


937 


1,517 


1,816 


59 


36 


7.108 


69 


7,097 


1,704 


11 


10 


28 


3,372 


343 


202 


381 


4 


3 


1,039 


6 


Ma ine 


2,208 


331 


78 


100 


14 


912 


72 


7 


140 


— 


16 


530 


S 


Massachusetts 


22,645 


5,605 


12 


1,181 


61 


8,461 


462 


1,215 


971 


40 


9 


4,585 


43 


New Hampsliire 


1,015 


386 


-. 


-- 


10 


215 


6 


39 


177 


1 


1 


169 


9 


Rhoile Island 


4,286 


1,273 





16 


28 


2,419 


51 


38 


52 


5 


7 


396 


2 


Vermont 


1,587 


. 119 


2 


— 


22 


933 


1 


16 


95 


9 


— 


389 


1 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

New Jersey 


119,842 


24,110 


329 


829 


2,265 


31,541 


1,449 


6,586 


7,853 


181 


609 


44,003 


687 


13,015 


5,195 


5 


15 


114 


3,862 


165 


487 


721 


21 


13 


2,356 


71 


New York 


61,310 


13,852 


156 


606 


1,883 


17,346 


623 


5,622 


4,691 


99 


459 


15,431 


542 


Pennsylvania 


46,517 


5,063 


168 


208 


268 


10,343 


661 


477 


1,841 


61 


137 


26,816 


74 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

III inois 


150,150 


39,047 


2,043 


2,304 


1,645 


52,787 


5,824 


4,459 


10,244 


100 


1,064 


30,215 


1,018 


48,293 


15,654 


639 


852 


470 


14,429 


2,245 


1,133 


3,275 


29 


502 


8,848 


223 


Indiana 


12,180 


2.500 


287 


572 


18 


5,179 


622 


236 


1,099 


7 


136 


1,516 


108 


Mich igan 


34,686 


7,450 


529 


248 


378 


15,957 


1,053 


1,752 


2,630 


25 


240 


4,114 


310 


Ohio 


43,879 


12,220 


416 


179 


522 


11,561 


944 


1,244 


2,477 


30 


136 


13,777 


371 


tVisconsin 


11,112 


1,223 


170 


453 


257 


5,661 


460 


94 


763 


9 


50 


1,966 


6 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

Iowa 


67,452 


12,818 


2,093 


5,911 


265 


27,399 


4,633 


1,031 


4,603 


108 


263 


8,047 


281 


15,967 


3,702 


415 


44 


90 


6,579 


1,319 


301 


1,784 


16 


86 


1,535 


96 


Kansas 


5,404 


605 


97 


20 


8 


3,159 


460 


122 


300 


13 


5 


608 


13 


Minnesota 


16,327 


3,716 


286 


5,510 


32 


4,145 


854 


166 


480 


3 


20 


1,100 


15 


Missour i 


20,594 


3,561 


1,041 


135 


93 


8,971 


678 


889 


1,218 


21 


125 


4,376 


146 


Nebraska 


3,300 


385 


73 


7-5 


7 


1,655 


433 


133 


321 


44 


8 


166 


— 


North Dakota 


3,184 


274 


112 


26 


29 


1,757 


480 


51 


277 


9 


18 


141 


10 


South Dakota 


2,676 


575 


69 


101 


6 


1,133 


409 


89 


223 


2 


1 


127 


1 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 


33,245 


5,416 


1,334 


344 


644 


18,176 


713 


643 


3,324 


86 


228 


5,144 


193 


292 


50 


„ 


„ 


„ 


54 


65 


„ 


30 


„ 


1 


92 


„ 


District of Columbia 


3,433 


481 


— 


— 


47 


1,629 


126 


101 


188 


— 


1 


770 


90 


f lor Ida 


3,836 


705 


30 


31 


35 


1,663 


155 


64 


717 


6 


28 


398 


4 


Geor£ ia 


4,240 


534 


194 


15 


160 


2,346 


39 


48 


314 


68 


57 


460 


5 


Maryland 


6,047 


1,348 


190 


28 


86 


2,241 


68 


156 


428 


1 


8 


1,432 


61 


Nor th Carol ma 


6,156 


551 


452 


162 


119 


3,090 


97 


88 


769 


-- 


125 


702 


1 


South Carolina 


1,607 


378 


133 


62 


97 


684 


49 


83 


128 


1 


2 


106 


10 


V irgi n ia 


3,357 


497 


90 


11 


12 


1,916 


14 


44 


286 


— 


8 


545 


— 


West Virginia 


4,277 


872 


245 


35 


88 


1,613 


100 


119 


530 


10 


4 


639 


22 


EAST SOUTHCENTRAL 

Alabama 


18,918 


3,741 


1,032 


1,343 


239 


7,741 


334 


191 


1,995 


94 


109 


8,021 


78 


3,297 


307 


95 


361 


23 


1,914 


15 


44 


315 




88 


187 


8 


Kentucky 


6,201 


1,723 


439 


224 


142 


1,612 


129 


93 


651 


24 


56 


1,085 


23 


Mississippi 


2,139 


377 


427 


46 


66 


471 


151 


34 


356 


1 


6 


188 


6 


Tennessee 


7,281 


1,334 


71 


712 


8 


3,744 


29 


20 


673 


69 


19 


561 


41 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Arkansas 


30,067 


4,483 


1,684 


568 


153 


14,186 


948 


1,229 


3,217 


639 


169 


2,598 


199 


4,646 


710 


612 


80 


94 


1,307 


100 


152 


589 


602 


27 


348 


25 


Lou isiana 


3,435 


340 


61 


333 


10 


2,011 


11 


297 


250 


1 


10 


106 


5 


Oklahoma 


9,927 


2,444 


741 


62 


7 


3,981 


451 


79 


1,118 


7 


57 


861 


129 


Texas 


12,059 


989 


270 


93 


42 


6,887 


386 


701 


1,860 


29 


75 


1,287 


40 


MOUNTAIN 
Ar izpna 


20,789 


3,619 


1,165 


785 


238 


9,511 


832 


487 


1,446 


31 


153 


8,326 


202 


2,706 


312 


434 


560 


23 


912 


27 


119 


178 


2 


8 


130 


17 


Colorado 


6,381 


1,135 


132 


2 


90 


3,204 


329 


80 


899 


1 


22 


932 


155 


Idaho 


3,151 


463 


189 


120 


1 


1,734 


27 


80 


288 


— 


40 


266 


3 


Montana 


1,934 


249 


123 


1 


41 


1,073 


100 


35 


141 


— 


10 


149 


12 


Nevada 


329 


66 


18 


— 


— 


206 


16 


16 


~ 


— 


4 


3 


— 


New Men ICO 


1,450 


216 


123 


74 


16 


490 


51 


3 


146 





8 


323 





Utah 


3,453 


921 


48 


14 


51 


1,290 


48 


214 


386 


6 


47 


480 


9 


Wyoming 


1,385 


257 


98 


24 


10 


602 


234 


— 


75 


22 


14 


43 


6 


PACIFIC 

Cat 1 tor nia 


58,448 


10,572 


595 


296 


179 


27,748 


986 


2,155 


7,181 


84 


548 


7,260 


904 


43,486 


8,263 


509 


264 


159 


20,289 


727 


1,682 


5,903 


65 


395 


4,517 


713 


Oregon 


4,912 


893 


21 


2 


8 


2,979 


12 


91 


353 


1 


75 


476 


1 


Washington 


10,050 


1,416 


65 


30 


12 


4,480 


187 


382 


925 


18 


78 


2,267 


190 



1/ Ffom T*bl« 7. R«i>jl DiUributii 



Vel. I - P«g« 123 



APPENDIX 



In the following pages consideration is given to com- 
parisons with previous censuses. Changes in scope, coverage 
and changes in classification are treated. A complete list 
of the 1935 types of operation and kinds of business are 
given together with their 1933 equivalents and a tabular 
summary of wholesale trade data for 1929 and 1933 are given 
by types of operation and kinds of business. 

Following the summary tabulation of the data for the 
previous censuses, the schedule form used in canvassing whole- 
sale establishments in 1935 is reproduced. 

The subjects are treated in the following order: 



Page 

Comparability with previous censuses of wholesale trade 125 

Types of operation -- 1935 and 1933 126 

Kinds-of -business classifications — 1935 and 1933 127 

Table s 

Comparative summary of wholesale trade, 1933 and 1929 129 

Summary tabulation of chain store warehouses, 

a. By States 135 

b. By kinds of business 136 

Wholesale Schedule, Form 31 137 



I 



Vol. I -Page 125 

COMPARABIUTY WITH PREVIOUS CENSUSES OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

In presenting the data on wholesale trade, every effort has bee.-> nade to 
keep the classifications comparable with 1933 and 1929. In making comparisons 
with previous years, however, the following qualifications are pertinent: 

CHANGES IN SCOPE . -- 

a. Chain store warehouses, formerly included in the Wholesale Census, are 
now excluded as wholesalers and are covered in a separate report wherein central 
buying, warehousing and retail operations of the chains are related. A summary 
of the number of warehouses together with their sales, expenses, personnel and 
pay roll for 19o^ is reproduced in this appendix. 

b. Purchasing offices of retail chains like chair, ^tore warehouses are 
excluded from the Wholesale Census, but included in the separate report on retail 
chains. 

c. Central or administrative offices or other auxiliary units of wholesale 
organizations are included for 1935 in separate tabulations only, in Tables lOA 
and lOB. In previous censuses some of these were included in the Wholesale 
Census to the extent of their merchandising activities. 

d. A few factors in the textile trade were included in the 1933 Wholesale 
Census because of the marketing activities which they performed as financiers. 
For 1935 these establishments are included in a separate study of financial 
institutions other than banks. 

SHIFTS IN CLASSIFICATIONS . --Attention is invited to dual establishments 
described below where a minor change in the nature of the operations may cause 
an establishment's entire business to shift into or out of the Wholesale Census 
or from one classification to another within this Census, but which have little 
effect on totals. 

a. Duai-Activlty . --Establishments which perform, with about equal emphasis, 
aotivities which fall into different census fields, such as manufacturing and 
jobbing, wholesaling and retailing, growing and packing and shipping, some feed 
and farm supply establishments, farmer cooperative bulk tank stations, lumber 
yards, dairies, and some paint and varnish establishments formerly in Wholesale 
are now in Retail, while several motor vehicle distributors and office supply 
houses formerly in Retail are now in Wholesale. Some wholesale bakeries, bot- 
tling plants, and lumber distributors operating planing mills are now in the 
Census of Manufactures. 

b. Dual-Line . --Establishments which may take either of two kind-of-business 
classifications and are classified according to the line that predominates cur- 
rently (hardware and plumbing and heating, groceries and tobacco products, dry 
goods and clothing, drugs and liquors, etc.). Some of these establishments there- 
by shift their classification from year to year, but the shifts have little effect 
on totals except in some areas where the number of establishments in a given 
classification is small. 

c. Dual-T^Ee --Establishments which perform, with about equal emphasis, 
operations that fall within different wholesale type classifications (commission 
merchant and wholesale merchant, exporter and importer, wholesale merchant and 
drop shipper, etc.). Some of these establishments shift from year zo year, but 
in most States they account for such a small volume of sales as to have little 
effect on totals. 



Vol. 1 ■ Page 126 



COVERAGE. --Due to the absence of legislation which during regular census 
years makes reporting mandatory, the current census is affected slightly ty 
incomplete coverage. In addition to a few scattered concerns elsewhere which 
failed to cooperate, the Bureau was unable to obtain complete coverage in 
certain areas, particularly in parts of Colorado, Nebraska, and Missouri. 

IXEi CLASSIFICATIONS^ 1935 AND 1933--As an aid to a comparative study 
by types of operation, the 1935 type classifications together with their 1933 
equivalents are given below: 

TYPES OF O PERATION: 1935 AND 1933. 



1935 

I. FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

1. Wholesale merchants 

2. Voluntary-group wholesalers 

3. Converters 

4. Exporters 

5. Importers 

6. Industrial distributors 

7. Cash-and carry wholesalers 

8. Drop shippers or desk jobbers 

9. Mail-order wholesalers 

10. Wagon distributors 

11. Retailer-cooperative warehouses 

II. MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 

(WITH STOCKS) 

III. MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 

(WITHOUT STOCKS) 

IV. BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 

1. Independent stations 

2. Chain-operated stations 

3. Commission stations 



1933 EQUIVAL ENT 

WHOLESALERS PROPER 
Wholesale merchants 
(in part) 

Exporters 
Importers 
Wholesale merchants (in part) 

Limited-function wholesalers 



Wholesale merchants (in part) 

MANUFACTURERS ' SALES BRANCHES 
(WITH STOCKS) 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
(WITHOUT STOCKS) 

BULK TANK STATIONS 



V AGENTS AND BROKERS 

1. Auction companies 

2. Brokers 

3. Commission merchants 

4. Export agents 

5. Import agents 

6. Manufacturers' agents 

7. Selling agents 

8. Other agents 

VI . ASSEMBLERS 

1. Country buyers of farm products 

2. Cream stations 

3. Cooperative marketing associations 

4. Elevators (grain) 

5. Packers and Shippers 



AGENTS AND BROKERS 

Other agents (in part) 

Brokers 

Commission merchants, factors 

Export agents 

Import agents 

Manufacturers' agents 

Selling agents 

Other agents (in part) 

ASSEMBLERS AND COUNTRY BUYERS 

Assemblers of farm products (in part) 

Cream stations 

Cooperative marketing associations 

Elevators (independent) 

Elevators (line) 

Assemblers of farm products (in part) 



I 



EIKD-Or-BISniSSS CLASSIFICATIONS: 1935 AND 1933 
(Bassd on principal llnss of marebandlae handled) 



Vol. I - Page 127 



I. iOinsSUSNT JtND aPORTINO GOODS: 



1. Camercs and motion ploture 

equliBient and auppllaa 
S. UoTlng piotura fllas 

3. Sporting gooda (full line) 

4. Toys, novaltlaa and flraworka 

5. AU othar 



1933 BqulTalent 

AUUSaiENT AND SFQRTINO GOODS: 
Cameraa and motion piotura 

equlpnent and auppllaa 
Uovlng-plctura flljnB 
Sporting gooda (general Una) 
Toya, ooTaltlea and flrewrka 
All othar 



II. 



III. 



ADTOliOTIVI: 

1. Automobllaa and othar motor 

Tohlclas 
£. AutomotlTa aquljnant 

3. Tlrea and tubea 

BXSR, WINES AND Ui^UOBS: 

1. Beer and othar farmantad 

malt llquora 

2. Wlnea and ll(iuor8 

CHaUCALS AND FAIKTSi 
1. Dyeatuffa 
£■ £tploalTe3 

3. Industrial ohonloala 

4. Naral atoraa 

&. Falnte and Tamlahas 
6. All othar 

CWTEUJa AW TUHNiaUNQS: 

1. Clothing and/or furnlahlnga 
(full llu) 

5. Uon'B and boya* 



Waman's and ohlldran'a 





4. Tura, draaead and fur 

clothing 




5. Hoaiary 

6. millnary and mlUlnary 

Buppliefl 

7. Shoea and othar footwaar 


71. 


COAL AND COKE: 


Til. 


DRUGS (FULL LIN3) : 



nil. DRDOS AND DRUG SUNDRIES 
(3PBCIALT!f LINBS): 

1. Drug speclaltiea 

2. Patant madlclnaa 

3. Tollat artlclea and 

preparatlona 

4. All othar 

DC. DRY GOODS (FOLL LINK) 



I. DRY GOODS (SPECIALTY LINBB) i 

1. Notions 

2. Fleee gooda 

3. All othar 



ELBCTRICAL GOODS: 

1* Electrloal marchandlaa 
(full line) 

2. Apparatus and aqulpmant 

3. Wiring Buppllee and 

construction matarlala 

4. Radloa, rafrlgaratora and 

appllaneas 



UK 


PBODDCTS-RAX MATERIAIS: 


1, 


Cotton 


2. 


Grain 


3. 


Rides, BklnB and furs (raw) 


4. 


Horses and muLa 


5. 


Lirestoo!£ 


6. 


Silk (ra<r) 


7. 


Tobaoeo {leaf} 


8. 


Wool and ^halr 


9. 


All other 



XIII. FABU FROQDCTS-CONSUMaR GOODS: 



1. Dairy products 



ATTOyOTITB FfiODDCTS: 

Autonobllaa and othar motor 

▼ahlclaa 
AutomotlTa atiulpiaaat, acoaaaorlaa n7. 

and parts 
Tlras and tubas 



2. 

3. 



6. 



Poultry and poultry produota 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
AU other 



3C7III 



ALL OTUSR PBDD0CT9 (in part): 
Bear 

Wines and aplrltoua liquora 

GHHMICALS: 
Dyeatuffa 
BrploalTaa 

Industrial ohanicals 
HaTal stores 
Paints and TarQlahea 
All other 

CZXITHING AND FUI9fISHINQ3: 
Clothing and furnlahlnga 

(general line} 
Fumiahl^igs (ganeral line) 
Clothing, man's sid boys' 
Fuxnisbings, man's and boys' 
Clothing, woman's and children's 

(In part) 
Furnishings, wcxnen's and 

children's (in part) 
Clothing, woman's and children's 

(in part] 
Fumlehlnge, womaa'a and 

ohlldren'a (la part) 
Hosiery 
UiUinary and millinery auppllaa 

Shoes and other footwaar 



DRUGS AND DRUG SUNDRIES (in part): HX. 

Drugs (general line) 

DRUGS AND CfiUQ SUNDRIES 
(in part) : 

Drugs (apaoltilty lines) IX. 

Patent madiolnes 
Toilet artloloa and prsparatiocs 

All othar 

DRY GOODS (in part): 

Dry goods (general line) 



FAIU SUPPLIES: 

1. Feed 

2. Fertilizer 

3. Saeda 

4. AU othar 



XT. PURNITURE AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS: 



1. 
2. 
3. 



5. 



China, glassware and crockery 
Floor ooTarlogs 
Purolture (household and 

office) 
House furnishings (except as 

spaclfled) 
Uusical Instruments and sheet 

music 



Oa^aiAL MZSCUANDISB 

csocaaES (pull line) 



.CStOCSUSS AND FOODS (SPBCIAITY 
lines): 

1. Canned goods 
£• Coffee, tea and apices 
3* Confectionary 

4. Fish and sea foods 

5. Flour 

6. Ueate and meat products 

7. Soft drinks 

8. Sugar 

9* Other food and grocery 
apacialtlea 

HARDWARE: 

1. Hardware (fuU line) 

2. Hardware (specialty lines) 



JSnEUtY AND OPnCAL GOODS: 

1. Jewelry (full line) 

2. Clocks and watches 

3. Dleo&onda and othar precious 

atones 

4. Other Jewelry specialties 

5. Optical goods 



1933 EqulTalent 

FARM FSODOCTS-CONSUMER GOODS: 
Dairy products (general Una) 
Buttar 
Cheese 

Milk and cream 
AU other dairy produota 
Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and Togetables (fresh) 
All othar 

FARM SUHOJES: 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 
AU other 

FURNTTUHE AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS: 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor corerlngs 
Furniture 

House furnishings 

Itualcal iastrumenta and sheet 
music 

GENERAL MH^HANDISE 

{ffiOCEOES AND FOODS (EXCEPT FA5M 
PRODUCTS, in part): 
Groceries (general line) 

GROCERIES AND FOODS (EKCSPT FARM 
PRODUCTS, In part): 
Other food and grocery 

specialties (in part) 
Confectionery and soft drinks 

(In part) 
Fish and sea foods 
Other food and grocery 

specialties (In part) 
Meats and meat products 
Confectionery and aoft drinks 

(In part) 

Other food and grocery 
speclaltiea (in part) 

HARIMAHE: 

Hardware (general Una) 
Hardware (specialty lines, In 
part) 

JEWELRY AND OPTICAL GOODS: 
Jewelry (general line) 
Clocks and watches 
Diamonds and other precious 

stones 
Other Jewelry specialties 
Optical goods 



DRY GOODS (in part): 
Notions 
Piece goods 
AU other 
Enlt goods 

ELBCTRICAL GOODS: 

Eleotrical appUanoes, equljcBant 
and supplies (in part) 

Radios and radio equipnent 
Refrigerators 

Electrical appliances, equliiasnt 
and supplies (in part) 

FAIOl RODUCTS-BAir MATBRIAIS: 
Cotton 
Grain 

Hides, skins and furs (raw) 
Horses and mules 
LlTestock 
Silk (raw) 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
AU other 



ZXI. UDUBSt UND CON^nOJCTION UATEBIAI^: UJMBER AND BUIIJ)INO MATERIALS 



1. Builders* supplies (full 

lins) 

S. Lumbsr and mlllwork 

3. Brick, tile and terra cotta 

4. Cament, lima and plaster 

5 . Glass 

6. Sand, gravel and crushed stone 

7. AU other 



xni. UACsmsRY, s^uiHimfr and ajifuisi 

1. CanBierclal machinery, 

equliment and supplies — 

a. Office (except furniture) 

b. Store, restaurant and 

hotel 

c. All other 

2. Faun and dairy machinery and 

equipnent 

3. Induatrlal equipment and 

suppliee-- 

a. Induatrlal (full line) 



(OTHER lEAN METAL): 
AU othar [in part) 

Lumber and mlUvortc 

Brick and tile 

Conent 

AU other (in part) 

Glass 

AU other (in part) 

Asbestos products 

All other (In pert) 

MACHINERY, BaumiENT AND SUITLIES 

(EXCHT ELECTRICAL): 

Commercial machinery, equipnent 
and supplies- 
Office equipment and euppllea 

(except furniture) 
Store equipnent and supplies 
All other (In part) 
All other (in part) 

Fam and dairy machinery and 
equipnent 

Industrial machinery, equipment 
and supplies (In part) — 
MlU and mine suppliee 

(general line, in part) 
AU other (In part) 



Vol. I - Page 128 



19ag 

InduBtrial •qulimaat and 
Buppliea — ( ooat Inuad ) 

b. Baiting, hoaa and 

paoklog 
o. Fowar tranamlaaloa 

aqulinent 
d. Rope, oorda^e and twin* AIL OTHKR PRODUCTS (la part): 

Cordage and twlna 
a. All other 



SXND-0F-BTJ3IHBSS CLASStFICATIOtG: 193S AKD 1933 
(Baaed oa prlnolpal Unas of laarobandlae tiaDdled) 
1933 gqulvalent i^ap 



Ifaohanloal rubber goods 
All other (in part) 



XZni. UffTAIS AND METAL WORK (EXCEPT 
SCRAP): (oontlnued) 

4. Copper 

5. Sheet metal produota 

6. Other metala and matal work 

XHV. PAPER AND ITS PHDDDCTS: 



Industrial machinery, equljiaeat 
and suppliee (In part) — 
AU other (In part) 

Industrial maohlaery, egul]iaent 
and supplies (In part) 

Construction machinery, equliment 
and aupplles-^ 
Construction machinery 
Road machinery and aqulfmant 
All other 

Induatrial machinery, equipment 
and auppllas (In part)-- 
Uachlne tools 

Industrial machinery, equipment 
and aupplles (In part)— 
UlU and mine supplies (general 

line, In part] 

All other (In part) 

d. Oil well and oil refining UlU and mine supplies (general 

line. In part) 

All other (In part) 



Wrapping or coarse paper 
and products 



Induatrial maehlaory — 



a. Canstructlon (l&cludlag 

road building) 

b. Uachlne tools 



c. Mining and quarrying 



2; Fine or printing and writing 
paper 

3. Stationery and stationery 

supplies 

4. Wall paper 

PffTROLBOM AND ITS PRODUCTS 



1933 Equivalent 

iaTAI3 (EXCEPT SCRAP): (oontlnusd) 

Copper 

Sheet metal producta 

Other metals and matal woric 

PAPKR AND ITS PHODUCTS: 

Paper and Its products (general 

line. In part) 
Paper and Its products (apaolalty 

lines, In part) 
Paper and Ita products (general 

line, la part) 
Paper and Its products (specialty 

llnee. In part) 
Stationery and stationery 

aupplles 
Wall paper 

PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS 



Xna. PtUUBING AND HEATING BiUHMEWr PLDMBING AND HEATINO BiUIBOOT 



e* Power plant 

f. Textile 

g. Used machinery and 

equlpriant 
h. All other 
Professional equipment and 
supplies— 

a. Dental 

b. SurglcEil, medical and 

hospital 

c. All other 

Service equipment and suppliea— 

a. Barber and beauty parlor 

b. Laundry 

c. Upholaterars* 

d. All other 
Transportation equipment and 

Buppllee-- 

a. Aircraft and aeronautical 

b. Railroad 

c. Boats (inoluding motor, 

sail and steam) 

d. All other 



All other (in part) 



Professional equipment and 
suppl lea- 
Dental 
Surgical, medical and hospital 

All other 
Service equlpraent and supplies- 
Barber and beauty parlor 
Laundry 

AU other 

Transportation aqulpmsat and 
suppliee— 

Aircraft and asronautlcal 
Railroad 

All other 



AND SUPPLIES: 
1. Plumbing and beating (full 
line) 

Z, Heating (Including stoves 
and ranges) 

3. Plumbing fixtures, equipment 

and supplies 

4. AU other 

50C7II. TOBACCO AND ITS raODQCTS 
(EXCEPT LEAF): 

XXmi. WASTE MATERIAIS: 



AND SUITLIBS: 

Plumbing and beating equiimant 

and supplies (general line, la 

part) 
Heating equlpnent (general Una) 
Stoves and ranges 
Plumbing and heating equipnent and 

supplies (general line, in part) 
Pipes, valves and fittings 
AU otl»r 

TOBACCO AND ITS PHODUCTS 
(EXCEPT LEAF): 



3. 
4. 



Iron and steel eorap 

Junk and scrap (full line) 

Waste paper, rags and rubber 
Nonferroua metals 



Oail. IfETALS AND UETAL WORK (EXCEPT 
SCRAP): 
1. Iron and steel (except 

structural) 
2* Structural iron and eteel 
3* Wire, wire fence and wire 
rope 



METALS (EXCEPT SCRAP): 

Iron and steel (In part) 

Hardware (specialty lines, In part) 
Iron and steel (in part) 



AIL OTHER KODUCTS: 

1. Books, periodicals and 

newspapers 

2. Flowers and nursery stock 

3. Forest products (except 

lumber) 

4. Leather and leather goods 

5. Oils and greases (animal 

and vegetable) 

6. Rubber (crude) 

7. Textiles and materials 

other than dry goods 

8. Yarn 

9. Ulacellanaous kinds of 

business 



WASTE MATSRIAIS: 

Iron and steel scrap 

Junk and scrap (general line, la 

part) 
Waste paper, rags and rubber 
JUnk ond scrap (general Una, In 

part) 

ALL OTHER PRODUCTS (In part): 
Books and periodicals 
Newspapers and magazines 
Flowers and nursery stock 
Forest products (except lumber) 

Loathor 

Leather goods 

Oils and greases (animal and 

vegetable) 
Rubber (crude) 
Bags and bagging 
UlacsUaneouB kinds of business 

(In part) 
Yam 

Rubber goods (general line) 
UlsceUanaous kinds of business 

(in part) 



Vol. 1 - Page 129 



CENSUS OF 
AMERICAN 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1933 
TABLE 1.- -UNITED STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 
BY TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF BUSINESS 
vAll values expressed in thousands ol dollars. A leader indicates no mJormation or an amount less than $500.) 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 



TOTAL 

Wholaaalers proper 2/ 
Wholesals msrcbanta 
Exporters 
Importers 
Limited functltia wholesalers 

Uanufacturars* sales branches 3/ 
With stocks 
Without stocks 

Bulk tank stations 5/ 

Chain store warehouses 

Assentblars and country buyers 
Asssmblars of farm products 
CooperatlTa marketlne associations 2/ 
Cream stations 
Elevators 

Agents and brokers 
Brokers 

Coimilssion merchants 
Sxpoi^ agents 
Import agents 
Manufacturers' agents 
Selling agents 
Other agents 



Number ot 
establishments 



1&4.170 169,654 



82,865 



7 9,7S4 



76,856 74,476 

453 754 

2,176 2,262 

3,380 2,292 



16,873 



WHOLESALERS FRCPER 2/ 

WBOLBSALE ME1RCHANT3 

Amuseaent and sporting goods 
AutoootlTe products 

Ohealcals 

Clothlig and furnishings 

Coal 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

Perm products-raw materials 

?arm products-consumer goods 

Faiin 3u:!plles 

furniture and house furulshloga 

^naral merchandise 

'groceries and foods lexcept faim products) 

r^rdwB re 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and building materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies (except 

electrical) 
Ifstals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and its products 

FluniMag and heating equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 
Waste materials 
All other products 

EXPORTISS 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive products 

Chemicals 

Clothing and fumishioge 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

?anii products-raw materials 

?azm products-consumer goods 

Furniture and house fumlshlDga 

General merchandise 

Groceries and foods (except farm products) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lusftier and building materials (other than 

metal) 
MacblQery, equipment and supplies (except 

electrical) 
Metals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and its products 
Flumbing and heating oquipment and supplies 
Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 
Waste materials 
All other kinds of business 



12,444 
4,4£9 



23.962 



11,283 

2,732 

2,860 

6/7,087 

13,818 



3.414 

3.128 

240 

179 

4,972 

1,235 

650 



17,086 



Amount 
1933 



132.151.373 



12,997,276 



J 



34,226 



21,384 

4,203 

V 

8,134 
18,383 



97 S 
5,168 
1,292 
2,854 

734 
1,078 
2,933 
2,067 
2,148 
9,924 
1,683 
1,510 
87 
16,288 
1,144 
1,432 
2,352 

5,791 

705 

2,149 

1,748 
1,428 
1,617 
3,342 
6,401. 



3,689 
3,479 

260 

35 

6,987 

3,260 

623 



11,302,947 
558,147 
776,354 
359,628 

7,557,363 



Amount 
1929 >/ 



t68.950.103 



29,288,220 



5,144,638 
2,412,675 



1,888,675 
1,431,563 



1,774,121 



718,588 

686,072 

31,459 

6/ 333,002 

6,502.375 



2,088,370 
2,224,864 
135,126 
50,541 
573,964 
938,401 
441,109 



880 
3,414 
1,077 
3,402 

753 
1,109 
3,385 
2.146 
2,971 
8,783 
1,100 
1,433 I 

133 I 
13,896 k,2 
1,213 
1,545 
3,522 

5,936 
796 
2,235 
3,011 
1,674 
1,575 
3,373 
4,504 



78,374 
425,310 
197,185 
390,789 
230,208 
342,462 
754,311 
270,754 
872,391 

,515,537 
212,190 
141,111 
61,207 

,747,964 

339,339 

35,422 

231,784 

468,214 
107,768 
313,743 
214,270 
141,449 
509,581 
155,574 
495.460 



25.370,795 

1,507,824 

1,308,524 

601.077 

16,335,917 



Per- 
cent 
change 



-55.6 



T 



4,749,382 



2,304,230 

1,458,366 

i/ 
986,736 

14,256,695 



4,037,944 
4,694,934 

393,559 

57,153 

1,775,355 

2,622,663 

670,082 



-65.4 
-63.0 
-57.1 
-40.1 

-53.7 



Total 



♦3.710.233 



1,948,513 15.0 



-68.8 
-63.0 



-65.7 
-54.4 



-48.3 
-52.6 
-66.1 
-11.6 
-67.7 
-62.3 
-34.2 



5 


11 


5 


24 


11 


13 


17 


38 


3 


9 


36 


55 


10 


8 


156 


232 


20 


17 


3 


5 


8 


24 


46 


69 


4 


9 


4 


2 


47 


74 


13 


36 


6 


5 


7 


8 


7 


21 


3 


3 


3 


*/ 


6 


13 


33 


78 



17,712 

3,891 

4,582 

1,U9 

884 

17,406 

2,003 

260,879 

4,552 

37 

37,607 

38,943 

853 

87 

13,834 

5,978 
26,359 
1,798 
6,731 
1,023 
121 
103,145 
3,603 



WholcMie OiMiibuiion. Ccmmm oi Amciican Bumhcm: 



± 



162,297 

1,338,125 
327,973 

1,053,832 
640,577 
508,424 

1,564,981 
336,141 

2,573,448 

2,967,031 
513,420 
417,356 
178,072 

4,785,544 
704,345 
266,311 

1,133,856 

1,134,592 
406,750 
682,421 
492,879 
439,441 
822,231 
444,284 
921,364 



4,677 

42,444 

23,395 

5,844 

1,344 

32,430 

1,361 

876,005 

3,419 

726 

45,736 

89,628 

1,645 

434 

83,262 

19,511 

5,037 

6,812 

163,343 

4,481 

*/ 
13,604 
77,186 



-51.8 
-68.2 
-39.9 
-62.9 
-64.1 
-32.6 
-51.3 
-67.6 
-66.1 
-48.9 
-58.7 
-66.2 
-65.6 
-42.6 
-51.3 
-67.9 
-79.6 

-58.7 
-73.5 
-54.0 
-56.5 
-71.1 
-38.0 
-65.0 
-46.2 



278.7 
-90.8 
-80.4 
-30.9 
-34.2 
-46.3 
47.2 
-70.2 
-45.9 
-94.9 
-17.8 
-56.6 
-43.1 
-80.0 

-83.4 

-69.4 
423.3 
-73.6 
-95.9 
-77.2 

695.0 
-95.3 



1,791,392 
34,131 
81,461 
41,529 

942,251 



Per- 
cent 



764,670 
177,581 

372,990 

64,767 

173,325 



77,757 

55,726 

4,893 

25,449 

207,887 



34,536 
72,011 
5,735 
3,230 
38,901 
41,357 
12,U6 



19,274 
98,274 
40,134 
62,404 
30,083 
56,973 

101,707 
60,508 
67,852 

225,995 
35,130 
31,921 
10,700 

360,983 
72,726 
20,725 
53,814 

118,853 
23,427 
67,549 
37,791 
35,651 
32,660 
28,273 
93.110 



1,034 

478 

228 

178 

43 

1,411 

267 

16,186 

224 

11 

7,871 

1,739 

60 

15 

980 

311 
1,089 

230 
517 
175 
12 
509 
463 



15.3 

6.1 

10.5 

11.5 

12.5 



14.9 
7.4 

19.7 

4.5 

9.3 



1(578 
9.6 

15.6 
7.5 

3.2 



1.7 
3.2 
4.2 
6.4 
6.8 
4.2 
2.7 



Full-time 
employees 
I average ) 



1P96.977 



637,052 



Pay roll 



♦1,714,109 



926,937 



600,847 

4,239 

18,347 

13,119 

232,829 



193.177 
39,652 



61,906 



46,106 

20,911 

2,736 

10,153 

50,778 



3,242 

17,744 

1,641 

423 

10,362 
8,446 
3,920 



Tabic I Md 2-B (abridawi;. 



24.6 
23.1 
20.4 
16.0 
13.1 
16.6 
13.5 
22.3 
7.8 
14.9 
16.5 
22.6 
17.5 
13.1 
21.4 
24.3 
25.4 

25.4 
21.7 
21.5 
17.6 
25.2 
5.4 
18.2 
18.3 



5.8 

12.3 

5.0 

15.9 

4.9 

3.1 

13.3 

6.2 

4.9 

29.7 

20.9 

4.5 

7.0 

17.2 

7.1 

5.2 

4.1 

16.6 
7.7 

17.1 

9.9 

.5 

12.8 



5,240 
33,003 
10,114 
18,628 

7,685 
18,524 
29,925 
19,987 
13,626 
76,430 
12,394 
11,440 

5,151 

131,118 

28,268 

7,132 
20,105 

39,483 
7,699 
23,093 
9,753 
11,193 
10,461 
12,296 
33,094 



117 
84 
49 
53 
10 

431 

48 

,937 

32 

1 

218 

271 
20 
10 



861,501 

9,007 

36,234 

20,195 

425,234 



337,119 
39,165 



28,333 



77,616 



55,021 

28,555 

2,259 

11,731 

101,329 



Part- 
time 



Stocks on 

hand 

( end of 

year) 



♦59^871 13,013,179 



30,818 



29,104 
622 
456 
636 



6,540 
5,185 
1,355 



2,141 



15,794 



16,543 
35,922 

2,372 

826 

16,631 

20,883 

6,552 



206 

66 
270 

73 
64 
26 
3 
156 
94 



8,677 
51,747 
17,638 
29,666 
12,990 
27,107 
49,750 
30,501 
22,957 

103,171 
15,673 
16,023 
6,724 

176,907 
33,851 
10,213 
29,563 

60,056 
12,308 
36,761 
14,936 
17,532 
15,026 
12,253 
45,652 



429 

157 

126 

76 

21 

957 

94 

3,422 

82 

8 

817 

657 

43 

7 



10,187 

4,631 

152 

824 

4,050 



~557 
,444 

60 

23 

813 

411 

752 



1.932,758 



412 



261 
863 
359 
953 
936 
394 
674 
510 

1,147 

4,168 
786 
643 
118 

5,522 
610 
249 

2,813 

2,198 
316 
686 
429 
545 
225 
1,064 
2,036 



22 

1 

335 

5 

22 
24 



167 


1 


739 


43 


150 


_. 


135 


5 


88 


-. 


6 





243 


113 


152 


13 



1,737,102 

105,950 

123,950 

15,756 

550,345 



549,912 
433 

138,574 

66,204 

223,141 



184, 56S 

49,075 

747 

48,412 

52,157 



5,584 
22,333 
1,406 
1,553 
9.994 
9,371 
856 



13,262 
82,696 
31,724 
48,077 
21,015 
65,346 

142,495 
43,821 

233,71'' 
47,267 
32,709 
37,322 
11,730 

319,384 

114,413 
30,156 
60,394 

129,024 
29,702 
60,793 
13,813 
40,936 
29,990 
27,802 
67,965 



316 

394 

147 

31 

4,180 

16 

90,733 

68 

12 

2,488 

5,730 

11 

131 

151 

389 
138 

64 
441 
71 
26 
79 
S3S 



Vol. 1 - Pase 130 
























CENSUS OF 
AMERICAN 
BUSINLSS TA 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


; 1933 














BLE I. 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 












BY TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF 


BUSINESS 












Alt values expressed in thousands 


111 dollars. A li-ader 


indicates no 


inlormat 


on or an amount 


less than $500. 






TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 


Number ol 
eslablishmenls 


Net tales 


Total exp« 


nse. 


Full-lime 
employees 
. average 


Pay roll 


Stocks on 

hand 
( end oi 


Amount 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 


Amount 


Per- 
cent 


Total 


Part- 
time 








1933 


1929 _!/ 


1933 


1929 J./ 


change 




sales 




yea?) 


IMPORTERS 
























Anjuaement and sporting good* 


57 


20 


$6,618 


♦3,539 


+ 87.0 


»1,251 


18.9 


338 


«506 


»9 


»1,102 


Automotive products 


7 


3 


538 


715 


-24.8 


145 


27.0 


50 


60 


— 


176 


Chemicals 


58 


69 


26,714 


50,924 


-47.5 


3,490 


13.1 


539 


1,327 


4 


5,660 


Clothloe and fumldhlnga 


109 


93 


24,925 


33,181 


-24.9 


3,899 


15,6 


891 


1,655 


15 


7,969 


Coal 


3 


1 


434 


665 


-34.7 


30 


6.9 


6 


U 


-- 


101 


Drugs sod drug sundries 


46 


69 


5,772 


22,231 


-74.0 


2,003 


34.7 


446 


808 


22 


1,217 


Dry goods 


353 


345 


70,709 


111,117 


-36.4 


13,146 


18.6 


3,559 


6,517 


73 


20,872 


Electrical goods 


11 


12 


737 


2,569 


-71.2 


166 


22.5 


46 


80 


1 


54 


Fant products-raw materials 


127 


157 


104,432 


229,461 


-54.5 


4,389 


4.2 


622 


1,912 


11 


13,853 


Fans products-consumer goods 


73 


27 


45,983 


13,431 


f 242.4 


1,937 


4.2 


713 


1,260 


67 


395 


Farm supplies 


25 


13 


27,449 


36,252 


-24.3 


2,160 


7.9 


212 


621 


19 


2,434 


Furniture and house furnishings 


237 


266 


29,659 


67,866 


-55.3 


6,827 


23.0 


1,532 


2,837 


50 


10,197 


General merchandise 


6 


27 


76,179 


191,798 


-60.3 


2,037 


2.7 


424 


1,239 


1 


9,614 


Groceries gnd foods {except farm products) 


469 


369 


230,394 


335,089 


-31.2 


26,336 


11.4 


6,594 


11,668 


62 


24,906 


Hardware 


19 


16 


1,503 


3,743 


-59.8 


392 


26.1 


91 


204 


2 


561 


Jewelry and optical goods 


195 


330 


17,888 


110,485 


-83.8 


3,692 


20.6 


795 


1,550 


40 


9, £63 


Lumber and building materials (othnr then 
























metal) 


33 


36 


2,873 


7,392 


-61.1 


846 


29.4 


142 


298 


22 


1,358 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 
























(exeent electrical) 


73 


95 


12,087 


16,435 


-26.5 


1,923 


15.9 


437 


928 


10 


2,609 


Kstals (except scrap) 


33 


36 


24,317 


252,017 


-90.4 


732 


3.0 


141 


374 


2 


995 


Paper and Its products 


25 


26 


7,563 


4,763 


4-58.8 


683 


9.0 


136 


253 


— 


796 


Tobacco md Its products {except leaf) 


8 


6 


2,066 


3,285 


-37.1 


328 


15.9 


61 


161 


5 


477 


All other kinds of business 


210 


256 


57,514 


311,576 


-81.5 


5,049 


8.8 


1,022 


1,965 


36 


9,341 


LnnTiD rni.CTlON liHOLISALERS 
























Amu9W-.=nt end sporting goods 


27 


5 


1,345 


2,108 


-36.2 


335 


24.9 


175 


142 


9 


251 


Autoraotlffe products 


57 


10 


8,236 


1,773 


+ 364.5 


1,765 


21.4 


561 


797 


4 


1,257. 


Chemicals 


16 


26 


436 


10,711 


-95.9 


152 


34.9 


38 


83 


1 


46 


Clothing and furnishings 


27 


44 


1,290 


11,188 


-88.5 


268 


20.9 


58 


103 


8 


96 


Coal 


233 


67 


87,744 


36,148 


+ 142.7 


5,796 


6.6 


1,289 


3,152 


75 


68 


Drugs and drug sundries 


44 


14 


2,687 


2,960 


- 9.2 


434 


16.2 


123 


197 


3 


519 


Dry goods 


60 


21 


3,897 


5,119 


-23.9 


401 


10.3 


140 


210 


9 


254 


Slactrlcal goods 


37 


16 


2,345 


6,628 


-64.6 


509 


21.7 


180 


201 


1 


375 


?erm products-rav; raaterlels 


6 


40 


3,436 


13,542 


-74.6 


122 


3.6 


13 


21 


— 


2 


Ferm products-consumer goods 


380 


416 


33,825 


72,971 


-53.6 


7,777 


23.0 


2,546 


3,818 


226 


1,159 


Farm supplies 


37 


35 


6,702 


18,393 


-63.6 


1,041 


15.5 


292 


356 


3 


729 


Furniture and house furnishings 


38 


41 


4,188 


8,829 


-52.6 


690 


15.5 


169 


277 


10 


422 


Groceries and foods {except farm products) 


1,285 


890 


103,849 


176,600 


-41.2 


11,350 


10.9 


4,233 


5,571 


77 


7,638 


Hardware 


9 


11 


371 


4,795 


-92.3 


99 


26.7 


28 


49 


2 


177 


Jewelry and optical goods 


18 


45 


1,733 


2,411 


-28.1 


623 


35.9 


251 


378 


2 


512 


Lumber end building materials (other than 
























metal) 


205 


142 


30,230 


y 




2,695 


8.9 


590 


1,297 


15 


57 


Machinery, eqiilpment and supplies 


40 


60 


1,724 


17,356 


-90.3 


546 


31.7 


181 


240 


2 


274 


Metals (except scrap) 


4 


19 


2,052 


8,777 


-76.6 


123 


6.0 


26 


80 


— 


4 


Paper end Its products 


41 


28 


10,281 


10,392 


- 1.1 


311 


7.9 


342 


506 


19 


269 


Petroleua and its products 


193 


81 


14 , 923 


22,569 


-33.9 


1,558 


10.4 


366 


557 


22 


204 


Plumbing °nd heating equiptuent end supplies 


6 


22 


309 


3,844 


-92.0 


153 


49.5 


31 


45 


— 


28 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


Ul 


140 


14,637 


32,813 


-55.4 


842 


5.8 


290 


340 


8 


818 


Waste materials 


11 


26 


8,367 


14,448 


-42.1 


707 


8.4 


106 


321 


70 


8 


All other kinds of business 


495 


93 


15,221 


56,822 


-73.2 


2,732 


17.9 


1,091 


1,454 


70 


539 


jtANUFACTllRa^RS' 3AIZS BRANCHES WITH STOCKS X/ 
























Anmaonjent end sporting goods 


216 




97,960 






14,803 


15.1 


4,962 


8,433 


249 


4,663 


Autocotlvo products 


726 




332,631 






54,312 


16.3 


13,486 


25,505 


146 


36,075 


Chemicals 


703 




299,412 






45,486 


15.2 


9,416 


19,562 


96 


34,287 


Clothing and furnishings 


337 




139,562 






25,556 


12.3 


6,402 


12,031 


202 


23,935 


Coel 


30 




13,U7 






2,099 


16.0 


515 


946 


11 


922 


Drugs end drug sundries 


213 




86 , 956 






24,936 


28.7 


4,223 


8,361 


24 


7,805 ( 


Dry goods 


233 




115,132 






15,022 


13.0 


3,872 


7,568 


56 


21,569 1 


Electrical goods 


447 




322,841 






49,922 


15.5 


14,477 


25,541 


103 


57,629 


Farm products-raw materlalfl 


5 




558 






30 


5,4 


10 


19 


— 


16 


Farm products-consumer goods 


344 




106,918 






24,993 


23.4 


5,910 


9,369 


224 


5,517 


Fana supplies 


110 




42,792 






6,983 


16.3 


2,481 


2,768 


73 


10,403 


Furniture and house furnishings 


344 




71,809 






10,615 


14.3 


2,772 


5,329 


107 


9,413 


Groceries and foods {except farm products) 


3,200 




1,661,861 






207 , 785 


12.5 


51,493 


84,661 


1,189 


77,974 


Hardware 


97 




20,811 






3,758 


18.1 


1,123 


1,950 


12 


4,508 


Jewelry end optical goods 


269 




26,221 






8,221 


31.4 


2,553 


3,940 


21 


6,407 


Lumber and bullilng materials (other than 
























metal) 


332 




107,903 






18,513 


17.2 


4,973 


9,604 


501 


15,767 


Machinery, equipment and supplies (except 
























electrical) 


2,988 




438,692 






U2,972 


25.8 


36,218 


60,861 


1,488 


113,386 


Motals (except scrap) 


423 




215,701 






25,257 


11.7 


6,277 


11,760 


83 


30,089 


Paper end Its products 


203 




94,012 






15,700 


15.7 


2,969 


5,263 


45 


7,126 


Petroleum and its products 


121 




25 , 200 






3,990 


15.8 


932 


1,584 


8 


2,719 


Plumbli^ and heating equipment and supplies 


462 




82,831 






20,856 


25.2 


5,969 


9,352 


247 


18,476 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


85 




512,474 






33,256 


6.5 


3,195 


6,555 


25 


20,627 


All other kinds of business 


556 




269,294 






39,605 


14.7 


8,959 


16,152 


270 


40,598 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
























'.VITHCUT STOCKS V 
























Amusement end sporting goods 


156 




58,733 






11,022 


18.8 


3,366 


5,724 


1 


— 


Automotive products 


95 




54,761 






6,344 


11.6 


845 


2,170 


4 


2 


Chemicals 


145 




68,073 






9,025 


13.3 


1,529 


3,857 


28 


18 


Clothing end furnishings 


192 




68,512 






6,011 


8.3 


1,377 


3,368 


45 


5 


Coal 


75 




69,751 






4,365 


7.3 


766 


1,979 


18 


33 


Drugs end drug sundries 


38 




9,654 






2,486 


25.3 


423 


993 


6 


31 


Dry goods 


171 




142,467 






6,949 


4.9 


1,831 


3,967 


19 


1 



>nd 2-B ( abiidgcd). 



Vol. 1 



CENSUS OF 
AMERICAN 
BUSINESS 



jAII values expressed in thousands ol dollars 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1933 

TABLE 1- UNITED STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 

BY TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF BUSINESS 

A leader indicates no intormation or an amount less than $500.) 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number o( 
establishments 



1933 1929 1/ 



MANUTACTURERS' SALES BRAKCHSS 
WITHOUT STOOLS 1/ (eoBtlnued) 

Electrical goods 

Farm products - conaumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and boua^ furolehlnga 

Groceries and foods (except fami products) 

Hardware (specialty llDsa) 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and building materials (otaer tbaanetalj 

Machinery, equlfment and supplies (except 

electrical) 
Jtetala leicept scrap) 
Paper and Its products 
Petroleum and Its products 
Plunblng and beating equlpnent and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 
All other Iclnds of business 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHS5 
WITH AND VCmOUT STOCKS 3/ 

Anusaroent and sporting goods 

Automotive products 

Chemicals 

Clothing and furnlshlDga 

Coal 

Drugs and drug sundrlea 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

Farm products - raw materials 

Farm products - consumer goods 

Farn supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (except form products) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Liciber and building materials (ot:::ar tbanmetalj 

tiachinery, equipment and supplies (except 

electrical) 
^'etals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and Its products 
Plumbing and heating equitxneDt and supplies 
Totacco end its products (except leaf) 
Waste materials 
All other products 

S^r-K T^NK STATIOHS 5/ 

Petroleum and its products 

CHAIN STORE «ARBiOPSS3 

Autinotive products 

Clothing and furnishings 

Imigs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

Far3i products - consumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and bouse fumiabings 

General merchandise 

Groceries and foods ^except foxia products) 

Hardware 

To^iacco and Its products (except laafi 

All other kinds of business 

ASSaiBLERS AHD COUNTRY BDYHtS 6/ 

ASSa>ffiLERS OF FAJM FR0DDCT3 

Farm products - raw materials 

?ann products - coosumar goods 

Farm supplies 

Groceries and foods (except fann produeteJ 

All other kinds of business 

COOPERATIVE MUgET IHG AS30CIATIOBS 2/ 

Fara products - raw materials 931 

Fann products - consiiaar goods 1 549 

Fara supplies 182 

Groceries and foods (except farai products) 14 

All other kinds of business 56 



E86 




♦73,538 


19 




6,243 


5i 




20,861 


141 




34,749 


232 




189,662 


34 




13,329 


42 




U,816 


223 




67,744 


,057 




249,733 


511 




720,235 


226 




144,108 


19 




56,782 


123 




24,565 


122 




206,727 


471 




131,632 



37 2 
821 
S48 
529 
105 
251 
404 
733 
5 
363 
161 
485 
3,432 
131 
311 
555 

4,045 
934 
429 
140 
585 
207 
2 

1,025 



26,190 



4 

12 

19 

9 

3 

85 

4 

5 

3 

286 

4 

20 

6 



4,149 

6,777 
128 
140 



366 
748 
738 
606 

85 
283 
316 
960 

60 
461 
142 
535 
3,907 
195 
263 
777 

3.352 
1,004 
464 
130 
674 
236 
3 
781 



a 

64 
41 

8 
17 
45 

6 
13 

7 
267 

1 
27 
55 



12,868 

8,187 

373 

281 

175 



2.829 
1,293 

35 
36 
15 



Net 



Amount 
1933 



Amount 
1929 1/ 



156,693 

387,392 

367,485 

268,074 

72,868 

96,610 

257 , 599 

396,379 

558 

113,161 

63,653 

106,558 

1,851,523 

34,140 

38,037 

175,647 

688,425 
935,936 
238,120 
80,982 
107 , 396 
719,201 
169 
400,757 



8,618 

18,662 

56,289 

63,018 

3,868 

81,733 

1,152 

4,209 

1,294 

1,172,607 

597 

15,400 

4,116 



347,265 
336,053 

4,357 
27,412 

3,501 



263,204 

377,614 

14,772 

24,016 

6,466 



Per 

cent 

ch»nge 



$280,357 

743,877 

600,009 

512,153 

118,194 

188,814 

413,027 

1.413,393 

70,201 

294,976 

116,244 

313,272 

J. 917, 937 

79,489 

89,528 

486,147 

1,424,962 

3 151,787 

325,637 

64,400 

269 , 663 

784.091 

4,572 

673,187 



5,404 
31,426 
77,301 

6.067 
12,199 
76,306 

1,814 
24,353 

5,991 

1,569,706 

508 

44.551 

24,055 



1,633,009 

611,297 

31,212 

24,006 

4,706 



743,875 
671.844 

4,272 
37,134 

1,241 



1. W1m)cmI« DuiobuiioB, CauH* «l Am*n€»m Buhkcm: 1933. Table* 1 aod 2-B (tbndgad; 



Toli 



:al expenses 



-44.1 
-47.9 
-38.8 
-47.7 
-38.3 
-48,8 
-37.6 
-72.0 
-99.2 
-61.6 
-45.2 
-66.0 
-52.7 
-57.1 
-57.5 
-63.9 

-51.7 
-70.3 
-26.9 

25.7 
-60.2 

-8.3 
-96.3 
-40.5 



59. S 
-77.1 
-27.2 

938.7 
-68.3 
7.1 
-36.5 
-82.7 
-78.4 
-25.3 
17.5 
-65.4 
-82.9 



-78.7 
-45.0 
-86.0 
14.2 
-25.6 



-64.6 
-43.8 
245. 8 
-35.3 
4a. 



|«,630 

700 

2,204 

3,154 

26,152 

733 

1,291 

7.101 

21,884 

21,918 

U,730 

4,438 

4,309 

5,230 

13,905 



25,825 
60,656 
54,511 
31,567 

6,464 
27,422 
21,971 
56,552 
30 
25,693 

9,187 
13,769 
233,937 

4,491 

9,512 
25,614 

134,856 
47,175 
27,430 
8,428 
25,165 
38,486 
41 
53,469 



428 

700 

1,712 

1,923 

527 

6.547 

168 

781 

142 

50,755 

166 

879 

39 



22,184 
51,693 

457 
2,650 

773 



9,842 
49,292 

1,744 

4,069 

779 



Per- 
cent 



9.0 
11.2 
10.6 

9.1 
13.8 

5.5 
10.9 
10.5 

8.8 
3.0 
8.1 
8.0 

17.5 
2.5 

10.6 



16.5 
15.7 
14.8 
11.8 

8.9 
28.4 

8.5 
14.3 

5.4 
22.7 
14.4 
12.9 
12.6 
13.2 
25.0 
14.6 

19.6 
5.0 
U.5 
10.4 
23.4 
5.4 
24.3 
13.3 



5.0 

3.8 

3.0 

3.1 

13.6 

8.0 

14.6 

18.6 

11.0 

4.3 

27.8 

5.7 

.9 



6.4 

15.4 

10.5 

9.7 

22.1 



3.7 
13.1 

11.8 
16.9 
12.0 



Full-time 
employees 
( average [ 



1,612 
220 
467 
737 

5,725 
166 
290 

1,492 

4,858 
4,364 
2,269 
1,233 
1,039 
1,302 
3,741 



8,328 

14,331 

10,945 

7,779 

1,281 

4,646 

5,703 

16,089 

10 

6,130 

2,946 

3,509 

57,218 

1,289 

2,843 

6,465 

41,076 

10,641 

5,228 

2,165 

7,008 

4,497 

11 

12,689 



95,962 



179 
220 
911 
859 
111 
1,364 

57 
295 

45 
14,114 

78 
205 

12 



6,240 

20,510 

186 

943 

227 



2,802 

16,172 
679 
970 
266 



Pay roll 



♦3,795 

341 

986 

1,640 

10,492 

413 

732 

3,524 

12,168 
12,520 
6,408 
2,379 
2,197 
2,660 
6,856 



14,156 

27,675 

23,419 

15,399 

2,925 

9,359 

11,535 

29,336 

19 

9,710 

3,756 

6,969 

95,153 

2,363 

4,672 

13,128 

73,019 
24,280 
11,676 

3,963 
11,549 

9,215 

28 

22,980 



22! 

374 

1,103 

1,022 

165 

1,942 

99 

384 

55 

22,502 

84 

413 

18 



9,256 

23,965 

190 

1,292 

318 



4,632 

21,763 

746 

1,042 

372 



Part- 
time 



♦24 

1 

10 

23 

13 

1 

1 

57 

166 

787 

23 

1 

10 

1 

116 



250 

150 

124 

247 

29 

30 

75 

132 

225 
83 

130 

1,202 

13 

22 

558 

1,664 

870 

68 

9 

257 

26 

3 

383 



Stocks on 

hand 

' end of 

year) 



2,613 

7,062 

51 

378 

83 



276 
,193 

34 
U2 

16 



44 
6 
5 



62 

91 
14 



4,663 
36,078 
34,305 
23,940 
955 

7,836 

21 , 570 

57,631 

16 

6,617 
10,447 

9,421 
77,979 

4,508 

6,407 
15,882 

113.438 

30.180 

7,140 

2,719 

18.476 

20,627 

30 

40,680 



138,574 



472 

1,416 

3,885 

12,147 

571 

947 

227 

489 

156 

44,558 

197 

1,001 

134 



103,656 

10,949 

434 

8,861 

1,006 



31,847 

10,161 

1,464 

3,773 

1,841 



Vol, I Page 132 



CLNSU5 OF 
AMERItAN 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION; 1933 

TABLE K UNITED STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 

BY 1 YPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF BUSINESS 

I All values expressed in tht>usan<K nl dollars. A leader indicates no infornialion or an amount less than $500.) 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number ol 
establistimenis 



Net sales 



Amour 
1933 



Amount 
1929 1/ 



Pet 

I ent 

change 



Total 



Per- 
cent 



Full -lime 
employees 
' average j 



Pay roll 



Stocks on 

band 

' end ol 

year 



Farm products - raw materials 
All other kinds of business 

CRSaM STATIOrg 

Form products - consumer goods 

AflENTS AMD BHOKERS 

BaOKER3 

Amusement and sporting goods 

AutontotlTe products 

Chsmlcals 

Clothing and fumiahinga 

Coal 

Dni£S and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

Ferr^ products - raw materials 

Frrrro producta - consumer goods 

Ftinr. 3up{.He8 

Furniture and house furnisbinga 

General mercbandlss 

Groceries and foods (except fariE products) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and building meterlala (other 

than metal ] 
fj^chlnery, equipment and supplies 

(except electrical) 
Wetals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and ite products 
Plumbing and heating equlprasnt and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 
.'.'asto materials 
rll other products 

CO:.iasSIOM jiERCHANTa 

Autotajtive products 

Chat::! c si a 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

FaiT^ products - raw materials 

Fart products - consumsr goods 

Farni supplies 

Furniture and houae furnishings 

Ooneral merchandise 

Iroceples and foods (except farm products) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and building materials (other than 

metal) 
Machinery, equipment and suppllea 

(except electrical) 
.NTetals (e:ccept scrap) 
Paper and ite products 
Pettroleum and Its products 
Waste materlala 
All other kinds of business 

SXFORT ACaJlS 

A.tiu3anent and sporting goods 

Automotive producta 

Chemicals 

Clothing and fumishinge 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dr/ goods 

Electrical goods 

Farm products - raw materials 

Fam products - consumer goods 

Ceneral merchandise 

Grocerlea and foods (except farm products) 

Hardware 

Lumber and building materials (other than 

metal) 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 

(except electrical) 
Metals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and ita products 
All other kinds of business 



6/7,050 
~ 37 



3 
15 
S4 

64 

9 

89 

11 

517 

566 

91 

, 32 

55 

,377 

6 

39 



87 

30 

21 

49 

7 

4 

36 

140 



17 

22 

48 

18 

7 

133 

24 

1,294 

1,015 

58 

35 

3 

121 

4 

5 

47 

20 
5 

4 
68 



Wt,ul«.«lc D.,i..buiiof,. Cci 



ol Amxiun Bu, 



1933. Table, 



5 

3 

29 

16 

86 

20 

77 

6 

799 

495 

126 

15 

18 

.,387 

11 

41 

I4a 

54 

18 

65 

33 

5 

7 

53 

172 



6/ }337,205 
797 



31,459 



200 

90 

2,490 

3,790 

16,461 

3,702 

171,883 

368 

291,082 

169,193 

27,2e9 

2,171 

43,643 

,175,064 

735 

1,489 

16,210 

5,774 

9,001 

2,474 

44,388 

365 

407 

8,593 

91,508 



66 
18 
15 
18 
8 
254 



8 


870 


23 


13,380 


80 


35,937 


34 


1,085 


7 


3,270 


149 


340,211 


11 


1,798 


1,227 


1,190,037 


1,047 


379,988 


63 


2,775 


26 


4,219 


12 


1,990 


264 


45,736 


1 


178 


18 


184 



8,683 

5,763 
1,752 

299 
4,597 

522 
191,589 



579 
9,203 
3,330 

534 

212 
1,936 
1,987 
46,125 
2,691 
1,705 
4,809 

419 

9,008 

7,663 

11,335 

218 

31,184 

2,188 



i986,786 



i/ 



305 

314 

17,150 

9,585 

33,588 

7,223 

160,599 

828 

1,220,233 

263,374 

104,097 

4,400 

8,130 

1,666,894 

1,618 

3,641 

50,410 

4,707 

17,888 

5,351 

29,161 

1,117 

602 

53,890 

352,839 



2,983 

23,622 

71 , 974 

11,930 

1,461 

517,371 

3,818 

1,981,719 

559,950 

24,772 

3,511 

7,627 

163,397 

13 

1,858 

59,766 

17,852 

101,590 

11,035 

8,505 

3,944 

116,236 



555 

12,855 

11,778 

655 

8,666 

7,929 

568 

133,090 

5,995 

101,382 

28,911 

5,657 

9,902 

12,141 
5,212 

*/ 

3,754 
49,509 



-34.4 
-71.3 
-85.5 
-60.5 
-51.0 
-48.7 
- 4.8 
-55.6 
-76.1 
-35.8 
-73.8 
-50.7 
436.8 
-29.5 
-54.6 
-59.1 

-67.8 

-49.7 
-53.8 
52.2 
-67.3 
-32.4 
-84.1 
-74.1 



-70.8 
-43.4 
-50.1 
-90.9 
123.8 
-34.2 
-52.9 
-60.1 
-32.3 
-88.8 
20.2 
-73.9 
-71,4 
,269.2 
-90.1 

-85.5 

-67.7 
-98.3 
-97.3 
-45.9 
-86.3 
56.2 



4.3 

-28.4 
-71.7 
-18.5 
-97.6 
-75.6 
249.8 
-65.3 
-55.1 
-98.3 
-83.4 
-92.6 

- 9.0 

-36.9 
117.5 

730.7 
-96^6 



$25,345 

104 



4,893 



8 

19 

53 

153 

1,092 

101 

902 

41 

4,801 

4,814 

593 

206 

463 

16,106 

24 

99 

998 

473 

386 

191 

971 

17 

23 

403 

1,599 



78 

861 

1,493 

163 

80 

12,223 

197 

24,426 

23,446 

194 

557 

87 

1,851 

17 

19 

590 

192 
36 
32 

473 

34 

4,962 



60 

572 
94 
64 
23 
95 

200 
2,279 

134 
84 

205 
65 

302 



7.5 
13.0 



4.0 
21.1 
2.1 
4.0 
6.6 
2.7 
.5 
11.1 
1.6 
2.8 
2.2 
9.5 
1.1 
1.4 
3.3 
6.6 

6.2 

8.2 

4.3 

7.7 

2.2 

4.7 

5, 

4.7 

1 



9.0 
6.4 
4.2 

15.0 
2.4 
3.6 

11.0 
2.1 
6.2 
7.0 

13,? 
4.4 
4.0 
9.6 

10.3 

6.8 

3.3 
2.1 
10.7 
10.3 
6.5 
2.7 



10.4 
6.2 
2.8 

12.0 

10.8 
4.9 

10.1 
4.9 
5.0 
4, 
4.3 

15.5 

3.4 



790 


10.3 


153 


1.3 


60 


27.5 


455 


1.5 


101 


4.6 



2-B (abiidged). 



10,105 

48 



3 

7 

15 

81 

229 

£5 

253 

18 

1,036 

975 

141 

106 

191 

4,032 

11 

25 

248 

138 

75 

80 

136 

4 

6 



25 

131 

372 

33 

36 

2,548 

74 

6,175 

5,931 

48 

177 

36 

537 

5 

4 



118 

52 
15 

9 

151 

7 

,261 



10 
116 
17 
19 
11 
20 
46 
978 
26 
32 
43 
17 



111,739 
42 



3 

9 

27 

70 

504 

60 

567 

21 

2,128 

1,925 

239 

180 

311 

8,247 

11 

23 

427 

230 

169 

86 

429 

6 

5 

224 

642 



39 
277 
666 

76 
42 

7,187 

114 

11,781 

11,204 

69! 

321 

59 

1,048 



82 

14 

8 

197 

14 

2,440 



28 
218 
63 
26 
16 
53 
89 
874 
63 
46 
92 



223 

92 

27 

274 

34 



$820 



225 

89 

9 

4 

23 

108 

2 

20 

27 

S 
11 



1 

2 

20 

5 

26 

2 

608 

636 

15 

5 

55 

1 
17 



36 
2 
3 
6 



$48,319 

93 



Vol. 1 - Page 133 



CENSL'S OF 
AMERICAN 

BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1933 
TABLE I. -UNITED STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 
BY TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF BUSINESS 
I All values expressed m thousands al dollars. A leader indicates no mlormalion or an a 



mount lew than $500. 1 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 



nrORT AISKOTS 

Aotusai&ADt aDd sporting good* 

Chemicals 

Clothing and fumlahlnga 

Drugs and drug ay^idriee 

Dry goods 

yaTDi producta-raw materials 

yarm producta-conaumer goods 

Furniture and houae furnlahinga 

General merohandlae 

Grocerlea and fooda (except farm 

products) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and building materials (other than 

metal 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 

(except electrical) 
Uetale (except scrap) 
Paper end Its products 
All other tinda of business 

MANUFACTURERS' AGKNTS 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive products 

Chemicals 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical goods 

Farm products-raw materials 

Farm products-conaumer goods 

Fam supplies 

Furniture and houae furnishings 

Groceries and foods (except farm 

products) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical gooda 
Lumber and building materials (other than 

metal) 
Kachinery, equipment and suppllee 

(except electrical) 
yetals (except scrap) 
Paper and Its products 
Petroleum und its products 
Plumbing and beating equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 
'/7aste materials 
All other kinds of business 

SELLING AGENTS 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive products 

Chemicals 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods 

Electrical gooda 

Farm producta-raw materials 

Farm products-consumer goods 

Fann supplies 

FiJclturo and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (except farm products) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and building materials (other than 

metal) 
ktachinary. equipment and supplies 

(except electrical) 
Metals (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and its products 
Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 
All other kinds of business 



Number ol 
establishments 



B& 
166 
171 
489 
16 
60 
i81 
298 

1/ 
4 
34 

343 

231 

145 
51 

201 

1,300 

189 

129 

7 



12 
6 

351 



12 
24 
24 

111 

196 

26 

230 

21 

10 

9 

25 

46 

99 

IB 

7 



*/ 



Amount 
1933 



i/ 



107 

299 

151 

537 

18 

162 

479 

556 

33 

19 

43 

466 

397 

270 

76 

443 

1,624 

266 

176 

68 

331 

20 

2 

436 



34 

63 

94 

251 

292 

66 

407 

127 

56 

60 

26 

143 

196 

46 

26 

212 

543 

108 

76 

26 

62 

347 



Amount 
1929 >/ 



*1,154 

1,642 

920 

1,026 

3,383 

22,448 

431 

346 

1,059 

12,278 

74 

274 

301 

101 
1,021 
1,078 
3,005 



7,080 

27,135 

25,167 

59,273 

3,489 

7,222 

114,164 

20,454 

■u 

157 

2,131 

34,831 

96,949 

13,783 

2,209 

14,514 

63,414 

19,600 

14,346 

939 

9,790 

1,360 

408 

35,329 



2,167 

2,207 

10,133 

75,248 

219,341 

3,006 

384,610 

4,656 

2,772 

1,420 

463 

24,534 

24,320 

2,188 

1,247 

18,991 

4,117 
92,473 
10,606 

6,222 

859 

96,819 



Per- 
cent 
change 



$836 

118 
1,173 
1,206 
4,696 
6,467 
3,083 
440 
1/ 

13,269 
540 
284 

393 
1,247 

21,406 



23,223 
88,505 
50,012 

133,717 
13,958 
29,063 

196,418 

123 ,807 
3,857 
19,627 
10,645 

107,404 

203,854 
51,460 
12,062 

104,165 

270,025 

108,466 

36,366 

8,161 

41,318 

3,137 

1,235 

135,868 



4,500 
17,512 
74,837 

142,409 

290,791 
16,635 

736,630 
27,451 
52,727 
62,917 
13,332 
40,159 

171,706 
9,571 
3,251 

140,721 

126 , 207 

360,220 

36,696 

3,932 

6,671 

264,666 



Total expenses 



36.0 
1291.5 
-21.6 
-14.9 
-26.0 
165.1 
66.0 
-21.4 



-7.5 
-49.3 



-74.3 
-18.1 



-69.5 
-69.3 
-49,6 
-55.7 
-75.0 
-75.2 
-41.6 
-83.5 

-99.2 
-60.0 
-67.6 

-62.4 
-73.2 
-81.7 

-66.1 

-76.5 
-81.7 
-60.5 
-88.5 
-76.3 
-56.6 
-67.0 
-74.0 



-61.8 
-67.4 
-86.5 
-47.2 
-24.6 
-81.9 
-47.6 
-63.0 
-94.7 
-97.7 
-96.6 
-36.9 
-85.8 
-77.1 
-61.6 

-66.5 

-96.7 
-75.7 
-70.5 
58.2 
-86.9 
-63.4 



Pei- 
cent 



Full-time 
employee* 
( average ) 



Pay roll 



♦ 111 

113 

29 

50 

407 

1,637 

24 

134 

63 

195 
17 
63 



25 

95 
79 
156 



632 
1,916 
1,674 
2,531 
319 
604 
4,303 
2,046 

V 

40 

106 

2,620 

4,260 
863 
200 

1,204 

9,490 

1,324 

794 

142 

1,067 

66 

79 

2,631 



324 

317 

1,404 

2,751 

6,721 

757 

U,267 

669 

77 

255 

98 

1,993 

1,348 

lis 

70 

2,557 

763 

3,679 

544 

368 

61 

3,209 



9.6 
6.9 
3.2 
4.9 

12.0 
7.4 
5.6 

38.7 
5.9 

1.6 
23.0 
23.0 

4.0 

24.8 
9.3 
7.3 
5.2 



8.9 
7.1 
6.6 
4.3 
9.1 
8.4 
3.6 
10.0 

25.6 
6.0 
7.5 

4.4 

6.3 

9.1 

8.3 

15,0 
6.7 
5.5 

15.1 

10.9 
4.1 

19.4 
7.4 



IS.O 
14.4 

13.9 
3.7 
4.0 

25.2 
2.9 

14.4 
2.8 

18.0 

21.2 
8.1 
5.5 
5.3 
5.6 

13.6 

19.0 
4.0 
5.1 
5.6 
7.1 
3.3 



£7 
23 

7 
16 
87 
48 

6 
29 

6 

63 
6 
5 



174 
668 
415 
715 
60 
181 
1,127 
684 

2/ 
u 

25 

731 

999 

246 

54 



2,398 

348 

232 

44 

314 

10 

23 

751 



35 

141 

318 

600 

1,678 

220 

2,479 

160 

17 

57 

21 

506 

329 

42 

15 

451 

163 

497 

92 

68 

IS 

660 



♦61 


♦l 


60 


2 


11 


-- 


22 


— 


174 


5 


97 


1 


11 


.- 


49 


— 


40 


1 


94 


2 


9 


-- 


6 


-- 



Part- 
time 



301 
974 
827 

1,166 
161 
303 

2,269 
921 



2,006 

418 

62 

635 

4,351 

591 

390 

74 

491 

31 

32 

1,268 



86 

152 

462 

1,519 

4,310 

369 

6,737 

321 

25 

87 

25 

960 

613 

S« 

SO 

1,194 

477 

1,355 

239 

166 

23 

1,638 



Slockl on 

hand 
( end of 

y««i) 



■u 



231 

57 

9 

26 
5 

1 
82 



♦40 

51 

64 

10 

329 

155 

4 

34 



U5 

1 

316 



212 
61 
151 



IJ 
808 
621 
179 

» 
427 1 

669 

422 

1 
42 
239 



u 



1,032 

106 

21 

163 

2,677 

499 

183 

41 

334 

7 

36 

1,450 



62 

144 

586 

61 

3,305 

52 

384 

6S 

63 

61 

S 

1,214 

109 

49 



37 

1,194 

3 

86 

3 

432 



Oi.Kibuiion, Cei>M>, ol Ametican Buaincia: 



Tabic, I NKt 2-B (abridgcdj. 



Vol. I - Page 134 



CENSUS OF 
AMERICAN 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1933 
TABLE 1. UNITEIJ STATES SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 
BY TYPE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND KIND OF BUSINESS 
tAII values expressed in ihousdncJs ul dolldrs A leader indicates no iniorniahon or an aniuunl less thdn $500. 



TYPE OF OPERATION 
AND KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number ul 
establishments 



19,13 1929 I, 



Net inles 



Amount 
1933 



Amount 
1929 '/ 



change 



Total 



Full-time 
employees 
[ average ) 



Pay roll 



P.n- 
tinre 



Stocks on 

hand 

' end ol 

year) 



OlESR AGSNT3 

Clothli3g and furnlshloga 

Dry gooda 

FsTm producta-rew materlale 

?&rm productg-conaianer goods 

Tumlttire and hoitae ftimlabiiigs 

General merchandise 

Groceries and fooda (except farm products) 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Uachlnary, equlpioent and supplies 

(except electrical] 
All other kinds of buelaesa 



144 
25 

351 
25 
41 



21 
348 
24 
20 
38 
15 
1£ 

9 
64 



»115,743 

59.265 

134,014 

85,480 

2,763 

18,445 

17,960 

182 

1,595 
5,662 



t52,403 

64,943 

218,718 

176,638 

3,329 

15,637 

65,858 

3,468 

11,934 
66,934 



120.9 
-8.7 
-38.7 
-51.7 
-17.0 
18.0 
-67.8 
-94.8 

-86.6 
-91.5 



{2,532 

892 

4,738 

1,614 

437 

607 

547 

83 

181 
285 



2.2 

1.5 
3.5 
2.1 

15.8 
3.3 
3.0 

45.6 

11.3 
5.0 



262 
1,761 
445 
117 
173 
145 
9 

47 

91 



»1,575 
551 
2,488 
968 
168 
360 
294 
17 

86 
163 



»17 
3 

612 

66 

28 

9 

4 



1260 

124 

169 

28 

93 

39 
32 

ai 

40 



\J These are revised figures for 1929. The data preTlously issued include a number of concents dealing in grain and petroleum and its products 

that were ecroneously reported and claaslfied In the wholesale censua. 
Zj Due to additional information which was not available at the time the prevloua census was taken, the 1929 data have been corrected for 

eertelQ changee In clasalflcation. 
3/ For comparison purposes wholesaling manufecturera and district and general salea officea, except those dealing in petroleum and Its products, 

have been Included in manufactuirers* sales branches, 1929. 
4/ 1929 equivalent not available, 

^/ Figures for 1929 date for district and general sales offices dealing in petroleum and its products. 
^/ Includes 1,438 cooperative elevators with net sales amounting to $86,193,000. 
7/ 1933 equivalent not available. 
6/ Due in part to the Federal Government's policy of rendering financial assistance to fanners In marketing their cropa, the number of aasem- 

blers and country buyers of cotton, grain, livestock, and tobacco showed substantial dsereaaes in 1933 as compared with 1929. 
%J Figurea for 1929 not available. 

olumc 1. Wtioleiale Diillibulion. Cei.au, ol Am«,iun BuiincM. 1933 Tabic. I and 2-B I >bi.d||ed } 



















Vol. 


1 - Page 135 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















RETAIL DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED 


STATES SUMMARY 














CHAIN STORE WAREHOUSES, BY STATES 














(All kinds 


ol business 


combined ) 












Number 


Number 


Tolal 


Average 
number ol 


Wa 


rehouse pay roll 


Total 


SinrL nn 














k.' lu^n \j 1 1 


STATE 


ol 


ol 


reported 


warehouse 








warehouse 


hand at 


organ- 


ware- 


warehouse 
sales 1/ 


employees. 


Total 


Full-time 


Pari -lime 


operating 


end ol year, 




izations 


houses 


Full- and 








expenses 


at cost 








(add 000) 


part-time 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 0001 


TOTALS: 
Alabama 


(a) E£8 


492 


ll.864.2Sl 


26.322 


»33,948 


♦33.253 


»695 


»76,603 


$93,471 


3 


3 


6,484 


73 


57 


50 


7 


194 


232 


Arizona 


2 


6 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


Arkansas 


2 


3 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


z 


California 


27 


44 


124,892 


1,797 


2,561 


2,476 


85 


4,168 


9,338 


Colorado 


2 


11 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Connacticut 


7 


9 


42,564 


229 


300 


297 


3 


939 


1,713 


District of Columbia 


5 


6 


38,935 


663 


721 


706 


15 


1,462 


2,573 


Florida 


7 


7 


19,683 


272 


244 


225 


19 


788 


1,002 


Oaorgia 


9 


10 


31,509 


400 


404 


401 


3 


1,169 


1,527 


Idaho 


1 


2 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Illinois 


11 


16 


128,435 


2,544 


3,590 


3,517 


73 


6,279 


3,992 


Indiana 


11 


14 


35,503 


749 


1,014 


1,006 


8 


2,194 


2.167 


Iowa 


5 


7 


13,238 


96 


128 


118 


10 


627 


479 


Kansas 


3 


3 


3,752 


77 


114 


114 





225 


333 


BCentucky 


7 


7 


19,415 


426 


523 


513 


10 


1,154 


639 


Louisiana 


4 


4 


10,674 


112 


104 


88 


16 


263 


396 


Maine 


Lt 


2 


X 


X 


I 


X 


z 


z 


X 


liaryland 


3 


4 


e9,526 


267 


226 


204 


22 


637 


767 


Uassacbusstts 


18 


23 


158,254 


1,730 


2,056 


2,022 


34 


5,140 


7,157 


Michigan 


11 


16 


101,015 


2,030 


2,697 


2,681 


16 


5,401 


4,009 


Minnesota 


7 


8 


59,716 


176 


246 


238 


8 


527 


763 


Mississippi 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Missouri 


15 


21 


67,632 


1,062 


1,447 


1,431 


16 


3,370 


3,370 


Montana 


3 


4 


7,157 


92 


143 


139 


4 


260 


540 


Nebraska 


3 


4 


5,471 


83 


113 


109 


4 


241 


741 


New Jersey 


12 


15 


71,125 


952 


1,384 


1,371 


13 


2,360 


3,476 


New Mexico 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


New York 


48 


77 


330,986 


4,715 


5,974 


5,956 


118 


14,623 


19,263 


North Carolina 


2 


4 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


North Dakota 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Ohio 


20 


28 


135,281 


2,503 


3,543 


3,536 


7 


7,299 


6,572 


Oklahoma 


5 


7 


7,727 


129 


150 


138 


12 


198 


487 


Oregon 


3 


10 


11,166 


143 


179 


167 


12 


313 


994 


FennsylTanla 


15 


24 


153,393 


1,664 


2,097 


2,045 


52 


5,590 


5,393 


Rhode Island 


3 


3 


20,904 


104 


149 


149 


— 


396 


933 


South Carolina 


3 


3 


2,150 


42 


34 


33 


1 


55 


81 


South Dakota 


1 


1 


X 


I 


I 


X 


z 


X 


X 


Tennessee 


13 


15 


13,661 


458 


538 


535 


3 


1,201 


1,387 


Texas 


15 


22 


37,599 


519 


649 


632 


17 


1,630 


2,146 


Utah 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Virginia 


10 


15 


32,551 


547 


510 


456 


54 


1,625 


1,592 


Washington 


8 


12 


26,110 


250 


316 


310 


6 


666 


3,025 


West Virginia 


7 


10 


14,239 


202 


247 


242 


5 


688 


339 


Wisconsin 


6 


7 


41,519 


370 


515 


510 


5 


2,529 


2,725 


UJ Tolal i« Icii lh«n addition ol c 


olumrii *ince it 


any orgamialia 


n» operaie m mo 


re than one « 


ale. 










X - Wiihh.ld to ..Old duclourc ol 


individual ope 


ration*. 
















1/ WVioiciala yalue at merchanditc 


mnvmit thxoti 


nh waxchoutet 


In iome CBset 


where employn 


nent and capenaei 


bul not aale* w 


ere reported, a 


n ealimated aale. 


liguie li 


imputed, tjaied upon approsimale co 


1 equivalent 


ol retail lalei 


The lolal of > 


wch imputed t 


le> i> 12 1/2% 


of the total ware 


louie »lea he 


e ahown. 





\'ol. I - Page 136 



CF.NSUS OF BUSINESS 




















RETAIL DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












CHAIN STORE WAREHOUSES, BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 














(All kinds 


o( business 


combined) 












Number 


Number 


Total 


Average 
number ol 


Warehouse pay ro 


1 


Total 


Stock on 














reported 










warehouse 


hand al 


Kind of Business 


ol 
organ - 


ol 
ware- 


warehouse 


warehouse 
employees. 


Total 


Full time 


Part time 


operating 


end o( year. 




uations 


houses 


sales 


Full- and 








expenses 


at cost 








(add 000) 


part-time 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 0001 


(add 000 


TOTALS: 1935 


228 


492 


$1,864,221 


26,322 


$33,948 


$33,253 


$695 


J76,603 


$93,471 


1933 




462 


1,431,563 


(1)18,450 


28,383 


27,865 


518 


64,767 


66,204 


1929 




559 


Ij 929, 681 


26,442 


40,635 


(a) 


(a) 


83,829 


98.840 


ICEDS OF BUSINESS: 1935 




















Confectionery 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Dairy Products 


3 


3 


2,069 


34 


49 


49 


— 


70 


16?. 


Fruit and Vegetables 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


I 


Grocery Stores 


32 


37 


129,933 


2,773 


3,396 


3,389 


7 


5,718 


6,019 


Combination Stores, 




















'meat and groceries) 


68 


246 


1,430,168 


17,649 


23,844 


23,300 


544 


55,710 


58,128 


Meat IJarkets 


5 


5 


4,434 


50 


60 


57 


3 


107 


101 


General Stores 


9 


11 


3,696 


101 


120 


116 


4 


374 


632 


Lry Goods 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


General Uercbaodise 


6 


9 


1,741 


94 


127 


124 


3 


214 


368 


Department Stores 


3 


7 


5,405 


208 


300 


280 


20 


535 


532 


Variety Stores 


14 


15 


42,992 


1,077 


7E4 


704 


20 


2,119 


7.095 


Men's Furnishings 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


lien's Hats 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


Family Clothing 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


z 


z 


X 


X 


?.'on;en ' s Apparel 


3 


3 


1,741 


48 


63 


63 


— 


96 


27 


Milllnerj' 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


ohoe Stores 


13 


14 


33,497 


330 


424 


422 


2 


1,062 


3,486 


Auto Dealers (Nei») 


1 


1 


z 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


Auto Accessories 


2 


11 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


filling Stations 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


X 


X 


Furniture 


4 


4 


6,099 


364 


440 


409 


31 


838 


726 


Home Furnishings 


1 


9 


I 


z 


X 


X 


I 


X 


z 


Gas and Electric Appliances 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Electrical Appliances 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Hardware and Farm Supplies 


1 


1 


I 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Paint and '.Vallpaper 


3 


3 


509 


28 


38 


38 


— 


185 


157 


Other Lunber 


1 


1 


X 


z 


I 


X 


z 


X 


X 


Restaurunts and Cafeterias 


2 


15 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


Lunch Counters 


2 


10 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


lunch Rooms 


2 


2 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


z 


z 


Book Stores 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


I 


X 


X 


X 


3igar Stores 


3 


10 


69,900 


495 


573 


573 


— 


967 


2,733 


Kay, Grain and Feed 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


I 


X 


X 


Jewelry Stores 


1 


1 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


IJaws Dealers 


2 


17 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


I-lusic Stores 


1 


1 


I 


X 


X 


X 


X 


I 


X 


Drug Stores 




















(V/ithout Fountain) 


7 


7 


6,520 


169 


301 


301 


— 


598 


687 


nrug Stores (V/ith Fbuntaln) 


17 


24 


59,921 


1,146 


1,308 


1,299 


9 


2,126 


6,101 


Liquor Stores 


5 


8 


32,007 


236 


263 


280 


3 


668 


2,742 


. ) No cofnparnble data available 




















■> .. Fgll-l.mt only. 





















CONFIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT REPORT 

Section 8 of the Act creating the Department of Commerce and Labor, approved February 14, 1903, provides that: " The 
ftcretary of Commerce shall from time to time make such special investigations and reports * * * which he himself 
ay deem necessary and urgent." Acting upon this authority, I have authorized and instructed the Director of the Census 
. take a Census of Business covering the calendar year 1935. We ask for the cooperation and assistance of the business 
ten of the United States in this undertaking and assure them that their individual reports will be held absolutely confidential. 
nly sworn employees of the Bureau of the Census will be permitted to examine your report, and no information will be given 
any person, whether in Government service or private life, which would disclose, exactly or approximately, any of the facts 
figures in your report. The information will be used for statistical purposes only, 

DANIEL C. ROPER, Secretary of Commerce. 



Form 31 
5NSUS OF BUSINESS 
Federal Works Project 



/HOLESALE SCHEDULE 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



WASHINGTON 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS : 1935 



SUPERVISOR'S DISTRICT 

No 

State. - 

ENUMERATION DISTRICT 

No -. 

County 

CONSECUTIVE NUMBER 



OF REPORT 



No. 



A separate report should be prepared ror>each wholesale distributing establishment or agency. Combined reports for two or more establishments, even though 
tdcr the same management or ownership, cannot be accepted except on special instruction from Washington. 
This report should cover, if possible, the full calendar year operations for 1935, even if ownership has changed during the year. 

DESCRIPTION OF ESTABLISHMENT: 

o. Name of establishment __ _ _ 

b. Name of owner Race (not for corporations)... — 

(White, Negro, Oriental. Other) 



' State - County 

Name of city, town, or village 



Township . 



c. Location of 
ESTABLISHMENT..^ Street and number 

Is this street number located within the corporate limits of the city, town, or village named above? 

{Yes or No) 

d. Address (home-office or business address) of owner .— _ 

' n Individual proprietorship. 



e. Legal form of orqaniz.^tion. 
(Place check mark in proper square) 



n Partnership. 
D Corporation. 
n other (specify) : . 



/. Was this establishment in operation during any part of 1933? (Yes or No) 

g. Indicate whether since December 31, 1933, this establishment changed — 

If changes occurred, give former — 
(Check here) 

D Name 




I 



I 



n Location _ _ - — __. _ 

D Ownership __ ___ _ _ _ 

n General nature of business 

h. Number op wholesale establishments owned bt this organization, anywhere in the Continental United 

States {including the eslablishment for which this report is prepared) 

i. Give addresses of warehouses, terminals, and other storage facilities in this city operated from this office 



AND INCLUDED IN THIS REPORT: 
(Name) 



(City) 



KStreet address) 



j: Is THIS ESTABLISHMENT OPERATED BY, OPERATING, OR SPONSORING A COOPERATIVE OR VOLUNTARY GROUP OF RETAILERS? 

{Yes or No) 

If yes: (1) Under what name? _. Since what date? (mon(/i and j/ear) 

(2) What percentage of your 1935 sales was made to retail members of this group? percent. 



2. KIND OF BUSINESS, 1935: 
a. Kind of business 



(Give usual name or designation by which the establishment is known to the trade or public) 

EXAMPLES.— Wholesale grocer, hardware wholesaler, sugar broker, flour jobber, mill and mine supply bouse, cotton broker. 
Jewelry wholesaler, oil well supply house, etc. 

6. Namethepriucipallinesof merchandisesold or handled, i>iordero/(/ieiriTOpor/ance,basedonnetsalesin 1935: 

(1) (3) - 

(2). (4) 

c. State the approximate radius (in miles) within which 75 percent of your 1935 sales were concentrated: 




(Miles) 



3. TYPE OF OPERATION IN 1935: 

(Check the principal function performed 
establishment.) 



Service Wholesalers 
□ Wholesale merchant or jobber (Jull service),.. 00 

n Converter _ 02 

n Export merchant 03 

P Importer 04 

D Industrial distrihutcr 05 



or type of operation; i. e., the function or type that accounts for more than 50 percent of the business of 1 



Limited Function Wholesalers 

n Cash-and-carry wholesaler 

D Drop shipper or desk jobber 

D Mail-order wholesaler. 

D "Wagon distributor" 



06 
07 



Wholesale Unit of Cooperative or Voluntary Chain 

D Retailer operated 44 

D Wholesaler sponsored or affiliated 01 

□ Other (.describe) 



CHECK ONLY ONE 
Storage Units 
D Bulk tank station {pelroteum — including com- 
mission distributors) 41 

n Distributing terminal (petroleum) 42 

□ Chain-store warehouse 43 

Manufacturer's Sales Branch 
(Owned by Manufacturer) 

n Carrying stock for delivery 11 

D Carrying no stock 12 

Assemblers and Country Buyers 

n Assembler or country buyer of farm products. 31 

n Cream station 32 

n Cooperative marketing association (maiTit^ in 
farm products) 33 



D Elevator (grain) 

D Packer and shipper 

Agents and Brokers 

D Auction company 

D Broker 

n Commission merchant 

D E.xport agency 

D Import agency 



n Manufacturer's agent (for two or more manu- 
facturers) 

D Selling agent 



D Other agent: 
(Specifv)—. 



Other Types 



D Specify.. 



NET SALES AND OTHER OPERATING RECEIPTS: 

(Brokers and wholesale agents must report selling value of goods and not commissions received.) 

o. Net sales of merchandise {including all forms of sales taxes) $. 

(Do not include returned goods and allowances.) 

b. Amount of sales, turnover, gasoline, and other commodity taxes paid by you directly to any 

governmental agency and included in 4a, above _ - $_ 

c. Net sales of merchandise less commodity and sales taxes {difference between a and b). _ $. 

(Include taxes which are in the price paid by you for goofls.) 

d. Of the total sales reported under c, above, give the amount of — 

(The sum of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6, below, must equal the amount reported under c, above.) 
I. Domestic Sales: 

(1) Sales to retailers for resale {including sales to chains, mail-order houses, department stores, 

and independent stores).. $- 



(2) Sales to household consumers, including employees {at retail) S-. 

(3) Sales to industrial and other large users {sales to manufacturers, railroads, utilities, 

governmental bodies, hotels, institutions, contractors, oil wells, etc.) S-. 

(4) Sales to other wholesale organizations {including export concerns and supply houses) $-. 

II. Export Sales: 

(5) Sales made direct to buyers in foreign countries. 



e. How much of total net sales represented credit business?.... $.. 

(Include sales made on weekly. 10-day, 30-day, and end-of-month, installment, 
or other credit basis— all except strictly cash and c. o. d. sales.) 
/. State amount of operating receipts from services and sources other 
than sale of merchandise ■?. 



Key 



B-l 



_K<.y 
A-1 

E-i 



C-1 



C-2 

c-a 

C-4i 
C-5 

C-6 



5. STOCKS ON HAND: 

a. Inventory of merchandise on hand at actual cost value as of December 31, 1935, or nearest 

inventory date (including goods out on consignment) $.. 

b. Value of goods held on consignment by you as consignee S.. 



B-2 
B-3 

B-4 
B-5 



6. PROPRIETORS AND FIRM MEMBERS (does not apply to corporations) : 

a. Total number of proprietors and firm members {includijig those reported under b, below). 



5. Number of proprietors and firm members devoting major portion of their time to the business. 



(2) 



7. PAID EMPLOYEES AND WEEKLY PAY ROLLS: 

(Do not include in this inquiry persons reported in Inquiry 6, above.) 



Executives and salaried corporation ofEcers.. 



Office and clerical employees (not including selling 
employees) __ 



Inside selling employees _ 

Outside selling employees __ 

Warehouse employees (including supervisors and 
shipping clerks) 



Other employees 

Total (sum of a, b, c, d, e, and f). 



ITEM 



D 1 

D-2 
D-3 
D-4 

D-5 
D-6 

D-7 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY-ROLl. DATA FOR FULL-TIME AND PART- 
TIME EMPLOYEIES FOR ONE WEEK ONLY 

(Give figures for week ending Oct. 2r.. 1935. For highly seasonal businesses, 
report instead one week of normal employment during active season.) 



Week covered: From. 



., 1935, to_ , 1935 



Full-time 



Number of 

paid full-time 

employee.^ 

during the 

week 



Field 1 



Kej 



A-3 



Pay roll for the week 
for full-time employ- 
ees (sataries, wages, 
bonuses, and com- 
mistioni) 



Field 2 



Part-time 



Number of 

paid part-time 

employees 

during the 

week 



Fields 



Key 

B-6 



Pay roll for the week 
for part-time employ- 
ees (.lotaries, wageSt 
bovunes, and com- 
missions) 



Field 4 



h. 



How many of the total number of cmploj'ees shown above rA,f„ip„ 

(full-time and part-time combined) are.... _ J ■ 

[Females 

Total pay roll for the year 1935 for full-time and part-time employees 

(salaries, wages, bonuses, and commissions) S 

(Do not include proprietors' and partners' compensation, but include that of officers of corporation.) 

How much of the total pay roll (i, above) was paid to part-time employees?- $ 



How many of the total number of employees shown above (full-time and 
part-time combined) are Negroes? 



Key 
B 7 

B-8 
A-4 

A 5 

B-9 




Total number of paid employees (full-time and part-time combined) working during the pay period ending nearest the 15th 
of each month of 1935: 



Month, 1936 



Jan 

Feb 

Mar 



Number 



Key 



F-1 

1 
2 
3 



MONTH, 1035 



Apr.. 
May. 
June. 



NUUBER 



Key 



F-1 



Month, 1935 



July.. 
Aug_ 
Sept. 



Number 



Key 



F-2 



Month, 1935 



Oct.. 
Nov . 
Dec. 



Number 



Key 



F-2 



(Do not use) 



B-IO 



8. OPERATING EXPENSES (not including cost of merchandise) : 

(Include pay rolls here as well as in Inquiry 7, above.) 

I. To be answered by WHOLESALE MERCHANTS and INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS 
whose 1935 sales exceeded $50,000. All other wholesale establishments may use block II, 
below: 
a. Administrati^t; Expenses (such as officers' salaries and traveling expenses; office salaries, 
professional services, office supplies and stationery; postage, etc.) _ $. 

6. Sellikg Expenses (such as salesmen's salaries, cojnmissions and expenses; house salesmen's 

salaries; advertising, etc.) $_ 

c. Delivery Expenses (such as out-freight, express, parcel post, trucking, etc.) $_ 

d. Warehouse Expenses (such as warehouse salaries, boxing and packing, warehouse lighting, 

etc.).... S_. 

e. Occupancy Expenses (such as rent; maintenance labor; heat, light, power, and water; building 

repairs and supplies; insurance and taxes on building, etc.) S.. 



/. Other Expenses (such as interest on bank loans, losses from bad debts, etc.). $_ 

g. Total Operating Expenses including pay roll (sum of a to f) $_. 

II. To be answered by ail wholesale establishments which do not answer block I, above. 

Total operating expenses including pay roll (do not include cost of merchandise) _. ?.. 



Key 



E-2 

E-3 

E-4 

E-5 

E-6 



;a-6 

iE-7 



A-G 



(3) 



9. SALES OF MERCHANDISE BY COMMOl 


)ITIES: 

aest possible approximations. 


. $.. 






If book figures are not available, give the 
Total conunodity sales (same as 4a) 




Key 

^^1 U 






"ti 


COMMOI1ITIE3 


Sales 


Commodities 
Key G-3 


Sales 1 


KeyG-^ 


KeyG-4 


KeyG-2 


KeyG-4 


KeyG-2 


FOOD AND RELATED PRODUCTS 
10. Bakeiiy PRODUIT.S (bread, biscuits, 


$ 


$ 


FOOD AND RELATED PRODUCTS— 

Con. 
120. Meats and Meat Products— Con. 

123. Meats, cured or smoked 

124. Other meat products (including 

game) _._ 

(Report canned meats under 
44, and not here.) 
130. Soft Drinks.. 




$ 




$ — . 


$ 




$ 


CD Butter and Cheese 


$ _. 


40. CAiiNED Goods, Total (sum of 41 to 4r,). 


$ 


140. Sugar 


$— 


$ 


150. Wines and Spiritous Liquoes, Total 
(sum of 151 and 152). 


$. 




$ 


151. Liquors, distilled and ethyl alco- 
hol 


$. 




$ 


162. Wines _ 


$ 




$ 


160. Other Food and Related Pboducts 
(specify) _. 


$ 


45. Canned milt (condensed, evapo- 
rated, and powdered) 


$ 




S 




$ 


$ 






$ 




$ 


50. Coffee, Total (sura of 51 and 52) 

51. Green 


FARM PRODUCTS— RAW 
MATERIALS 

170. Cotton, Raw, Including Linters 

180. Feed, Total (sum of ISl and 182) 

181. Hay, straw, and alfalfa. . 


$ 


$ _ 


52 Roasted 


$ 


60. Confectionery, Total (sum of Gl to C4). 
61 Candy 


$ 


.$ 


$ 


$ ..1 




3 


182. Mixed and other feeds. 


$ 




$ 


190. Ghai.ns, Total (sum of 191 to 193) 

191. Corn 


$.. 






$.- 


70. DAiitY AND Poultry Products, Ex- 
cept Butter and Cheese, Total 
(sum of 71 to 74) 


$ -- 


192. Wheat 


$ 


193. All other 


$ - - 




$ 


71. Eggs 


200. Hides, Skins, and Raw Furs 


$ 




$ __ .. 




210. Livestock, Total (sum of 211 to 215) 

211. Cattle (including calves) 


$ 




s 


73. Poultry.. 


$ 




$ 


74. Otliur dairy and poultry products... 
(Report canned milk under 45, 
and not here.) 
SO. Fisn and Sea Foods, Total (sum of 81 
to 84) 


212. Hogs 


$ 


$ _ 




$ 




$ 




$ 


81. Fresh fish 


215. Other livestock 


$. ._ 




$ 




220. Seeds (field, garden, and flower) 

230. Silk, Raw 


$.... 


S3 Frozen fish 


5 


$ 


84. Other sea foods (except canned) 

90 Flour 






$ 


$ 


250. Wool, Raw (whether in the grease, 
scoured, or carbonized).. _ _ 


$ 


100. Fruits and Vegetables, Fresh, Total 
(sura of 101 and 102) 


$___ 


260. Other Farm Products- Raw Mate- 
ELALS (specify— include unroasted 


$ 


(Report dried fruits and vegetables 
under 1 19, and not here.) 


$ .. 




■<! , , ..- 




$ 




$. 


110. Groceries (except as listed), Total 


$ 




S 

5 

$ 




111. Cereal preparations (except flour 
and bakery products) 


$ 


CLOTHING, DRY GOODS, AND 
TEXTILES 

270. Clothing and Furnishings, Men's 
AND Boys', Total (sum of 271 to 274). 

271. Hats and caps and hat and cap ma- 

terials 

272. Men's and boys' furnishings (ex- 

cept shoes) 


112. Estra'cts and spices 


$ _ 


113. Lard substitutes and cooking fats-__ 


$ 


s 


114. Nuts (all kinds) 

(Report unroasted peanuts un- 
der 260. and not here.) 

115. Oleomargarine and other butter 

substitutes 




$ 


$ 


273. Men's and boys' suits and over- 

coats 

274. Work clothing 


$ 


116. Pickles, preserves, jellies, jams, and 
sauces 


$ 


$ 




$ . 


117. Ric«- - 


280. Clothing and .Accessories, Women's 
AND Children's, Total (sum of 281 
to 288) 


$ 

S.... 

$ 




$ 


119. Other groceries (see item 121) 

120. Meats and Meat Products, Total 


$ 


281. Girls' wear 


3H97 

1 


$ 


282. Infants' wear 


121 Lard 


( 


283. Dresses (women's and misses') 

284. Hosiery (women's and misses') 

4) 


122 Meat^ fresh 


$ 


$ 









SALES OF MERCHANDISE BY COMMODITIES— Continued. 



Commodities 



•r G-3 



CLOTHING. DRY GOODS, AND 
TEXTILES— Con. 

3. Clothing AND .Accessories, Wouen's. 
AND Children's— Continued. 
2S5. Millinery and millinery supplies... 
236. Underwear, negligees, corsets, and 
robos 

287. Women's and misses' suits and 

coats (except fur coats) 

288. Other women's and misses' fur- 

nishings and wearing apparel (ex- 
cept shoes and furs) 

0. 'Dressed Furs and Fur Clothing 

0. Notions (such as sewing, hair, and shoe 
accessories) 

0. Piece Goods, Total (sum of 311 to 319). 

311. Cotton piece goods 

312. Jute fabrics 

313. Linens 

314. Rayons — 

315. Silks and velvets 

316. Woolens and worsteds 

317. Domestics (sheets, spreads, and 

comfortables) 

318. Curtains, draperies: and curtain, 

drapery, and upholstery fabrics. . 

319. Other piece goods and yard goods... 
0. Shoes and Other Footwear, Total 

(sum of 321 to 326). 

321. Men's and boys' leather 

322. Men's and boys' rubber 

323. Women's and children's leather 

324. Women's and children's rubber 

325. Infants' 

326. All other 

iO. Yarns, Total (sum of 331 to 335) 

331. Cotton yarns (combed, carded or 

mercerized) 

332. Rayon yarns (all kinds) 

333. Silk (spun or thrown) 

334. Woolen and worsted yams 

335. All other 

10. Dry Goods and Te.xtile Products 
Not Listed .\bove (specify)... 

.DTOMOBILES AND AI'TOMOTIVE 
EQUIPMENT 

50. .Automobiles and Other Motor Ve- 
hicles, Total (sum of 351 to 354) 

351. Automobiles (passenger cars) 

352. Trucks, busses, taxicabs, and other 

commercial vehicles 

3.53. Tractors 

354. Motorcycles 

30. .Automotive Equipment, Parts and 
-Accessories, Total (sum of 301 to 363). 

361. Batteries 

362. Tires and tubes 

363. Other automotive equipment, ac- 

cessories, and parts 

CHEMICALS, DRUGS, AND 
RELATED PRODUCTS 

70. Drugs and Drug Sundries, Total 
(sum of 371 to 374).. 

371. Druggists' rubber goods 

372. Drugs, chemicals, and pharmaceu- 

ticals 

373. Proprietary medicines 



Sales 



Key G-4 



KeyG-2 



$. 
$. 
$. 



S- 
$. 
$. 
$. 
$. 

$. 
$. 
$. 
$. 
$. 
$- 

$. 
$. 
$. 
$. 
$. 



$ 

$. 
$. 

$. 
$. 



$. 

s. 
$. 



Commodities 



Key G-3 



CHEMICALS, DRUGS, AND 
REL.ATED PRODUCTS— Con. 

370. Drugs and Drug Sundries— Con. 
374. Drug sundries not listed elsewhere 
(Report soap under 410: toilet 
articles and preparations un- 
der 410, and not liere.) 
Industrial and Heavy CnEMiCALa 
(including coal tar and other syn- 
thetic orpanic chemicals) 

Oils, Animal and Vegetable (includ- 
ing cottonseed, linseed, essential, etc.). 
(Report petroleum and its products 
under 760: cooking fats imder 113, 
and not here.) 
Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, and 
Enamels 



3S0. 



390. 



400. 



410. Soaps and Toilet .Articles and Prep- 
arations, Total (sum of 411 to 414)... 

411. Toilet articles (such as brushes, 
combs, dresser set.s, atomizers, 
manicure implements, etc.) 



412. Toilet preparations, except soaps 

(such as perfumes, powders, 
rouges, depilatories, creams, etc.). 

413. Toilet soaps 



420. 



414. Other soaps 

Other Chemicals or Related Prod- 
ucts Not Listed Elsewhere (spec- 
ify). Total... , 



ELECTRICAL COMMODITIES 

430. Wiring Supplies and Construction 
Materials, Total (sum of 431 to 434). 

431. Interior wiring and construction 
materials (such as conduit and 
fittings, wires and cables, wiring 
devices, safety switches, panels, 
fuses, etc.) 



432. Outside construction materials 
(such as poles, cross-arms, pole- 
line hardware, etc.).. 



433. Lighting fixtures (residential, com- 
mercial, and industrial) 



440. 



452. 
453. 



434. Incandescent lamps. 

APPARATUS and Equipment (such as 
motors, generators, switchboards, in- 
dustrial heating equipment, power 

transformers, etc.). 

450. Radio, .Appliances and Specialties, 

Total (sum of 451 to 453) 

451. Radio sets, tubes, parts, and acces- 
sories: public-address equipment: 
radio-phonograph combinations 

and records 

Electric refrigerators (household 

and commercial) 

All other electrical appliances and 
specialties (such as clocks, fans, 
flashlights, food mixers, heating 
appliances, ranges, water heat- 
ers, washing and ironing ma- 
chines, vacuum cleaners, etc.) 

FURNITURE AND HOUSE 
FURNISHINGS 

460. China, Gla.ssware, and Crockery.. . 
470. Furniture, Wooden and Metal, 

Total (sum of 471 and 472) 

(Report second-hand furniture un- 
der 980: electric refrigerators 
under 452: gas refrigerators un- 
der 512, and not here.) 
471. Household furniture 



472. Office and store furniture.. 



480. House Furnishinos, Total (sum of 481 
to 483) 

(Report china, glassware, and 
crockery under 460: gas refriger- 
ators uifder 512; electric refrig- 
erators under 452; furniture under 
470; stoves, ranees, etc., tmder 
516, and not here.) 

4S1. Carpets and rugs 

482. Linoleum, felt base, and all other 
floor coverings 



Key G-4 



KeyG-2 



(6) 



9. SALES OF MERCHANDISE BY COMMODITIES— Continued. 



Commodities 



KeyG-3 



FURNITURE AND HOUSE 
FURNISUINQS— Con. 

480. HODSE FORNISHLNQS— Con. 

483. House furnishings, not listed else- 
where 



490. McsicAr. Instbumenis, Accessoeies, 
AND Parts - 

(Report radios and parts and talk- 
ing machines combined with 
radios under 451, and not here.) 



HARDWARE AND KINDRED 
PRODUCTS 

COO. Hardware, Total (sum of 501 to 50G)„. 

(Report iron and steel sheets and 

shapes under 640; pipe fittinRS 

and valves under 614, and not 

hero.) 

601. Builders' hardware _ 

602. Heavy hardware 

603. Shelf or light hardware 

604. Tools anA cutlery _, 

(Report machine tools under 
672, and not here.) 

605. "Wire screening 

506. All other hardware, not listed else- 
where 

610. Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Condi- 
tioning equir.ment and supplies, 

Total (sum ul 511 to 516) 

(Report pipe under 640 or C50, and 
not here.) 

611. Air-conditioning equipment 

612. Gas appliances and supplies _. 

613. Oil burners -.. 

514. Pipe fittings, valves, brass goods, 
nnd specialties 

615. Plumbing lL\ture,s, equipment and 

supplies (including sanitary 
ware) 

616. Stoves, ranges, furnaces, heating 

apparatus, and parts (except gas 

and electric) 

620. Sporting Goods (including arms, am- 
munition, and bicycles) 

(Report sport clothing under 270, 
280, or 320, and not here.) 
630. Tots and Games.. 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, AND 
SUPPLIES 

640. Barher and Beauty-Parlor Equip- 
ment AND Supplies Not Listed 

Elsewhere 

550. Farm and Garden Machineet, 

Equipment and Supplie.s 

(Report wire fencing under 647, and 
not here.) 
660. Industrial Equipment and Supplies, 

Total (sum of 501 to 566) 

(Report electrical equipment under 
430 and 440; railroad equipment 
and supplies und&r 590, and not 
here.) 

661. Belting, hose, packing, and me- 

chanical rubber goods 

662. Power transmission equipment 

(such as pulleys, hangers, bear- 
ings) 

663. Materials-handling equipment 

(such as trucks, casters, and 

hoists) 

604. Metal-working tools (such as drills, 
reamers, taps, dies, grinding 
wheels metal-cutting saws and 
files)._._ 

665. Rope, cordage, and twine 

(Report wire rope under 64S, 
and not here.) 
566. Other industrial equipment and 

supplies 

(Report railroad equipment 

and supplies under 590, and 

not here.) 

670. Industrial Machinery, Total (sum of 

571 to 577) 

671. Construction machinery 

672. Machine took (power driven) 

573. Mining, quarrying, well-drilling, 

and pumping machinery 

674. Oil-well and oil-reflning machin- 
ery, equipment, and supplies 



Sales 



KeyG^ 



$ 

$. 

$. 
$. 



KeyG-2 



$ 



Commodities 



Key G-3 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, AND 
SUPPLIES— Con. 

570. INDUSTEIAI MAcmNEET— Con. 

575. Power plant machinery and equip- 
ment (except electrical machin- 
ery) 

570. Te.xtile machinery 

577. Industrial machinery not listed 
elsewhere 

580. Office and Store Maciiine.s and 

Equipment Not Listed Elsewhere, 

. Total (sum of SSI and 5S2).. ._.. 

681. Office machines and equipment 

(such as typewriters, cash regis- 
ters, computing and manifolding 

machines, .scales, etc.) 

(Report metal furniture under 
472, and not liere.) 

682. Store fixtures and equipment. 

590. Railroad Equipment and Suppi.iEf!... 

600. Suegical, Dental, and Ho.spital 

Equipment and Supplies 

METALS AND METAL WORK 

610. Aluminum Ingots, Bars, Shapes, 
Sheets, Wire, Tubes, and Cast- 
ings _ 

620. Building Metal Work (such as fire 

ESCAPES, elevator CAGES, GRILLES, 

ornamental metal work, etc.).., 

030. Copper (including ingots, bar.s, 

shapes, sheets. bare "wire, pipe, 

tubes, ca.stings, etc.) 

C40. Iron and Steel and Products, Ex- 
cept Scrap, Total (sum of 641 to 649) 
(Report wire screening under 505, 
and not here.) 
041. Iron and steel pipe (including cast, 
lap weld, butt weld, and riveted) 

642. Seamless steel tubing.. 

043. Pig iron. 

044. Rough castings and forgings (ex- 

cept cast-iron pipe) 

645. Steel sheet (including tin and torne 

plate) 

646. Structural iron and steel and rein- 

forcing bars and rods 

647. Wire fencing (woven or welded).... 

648. Wire and wire rope or cable 

649. All other rolled iron and steel (in- 

cluding bars, rods, rails, plates, 
and shapes not listed above) 

650. Lead (metallic) and Zinc (including 
PIG, bar, sheet, shapes, pipe, and 

plates) 

660. Metaluc Ores (specify kind) 

670. Scrap Iron and Steel 

680. Sheet-Metal Work (such as steel 
garages, ventilators, metal stor- 
age tanks, and metal roofing) 

690. Other Nonferp.ous Metals (except 

PRECIOUS metals). BaRS, SHEETS, 

Shapes, Wire and Castings, Non- 
ferrous Allots and Ferro-alloy 
Materials 

NONMETALLIC MINERALS AND 
THEIR PRODUCTS 

700. Brick, Tile, and Terra Cotta 

710. Building Stone, Slate, and Con- 
crete Products 

730. Cement. Lime, Plaster, and Stucco. 

730. Coal and Coke, Total (sum of 731 to 

733) 

731. Anthracite coal 

732. Bituminous coal 

733. Coke 

740. Ceude Nonmetallic Mineeals and 

Their Products Not Listed Else- 
where 

(Report agricultural limestone and 

ground phosphate rock under 

900, and not here.) 

750. Glass (sheet and containers). Total 

(sum of 751 and 752) 

751. Sheet gla.'^s (including window and 

plate glass) 

752. Glass containers _ 



Sales 



KcyG-1 






$- 
S-. 
$-. 
$-. 
S-. 



(6) 



9. SALES OF MERCHANDISE BY COMMODITIES— Continued. 



Commodities 



KeyG-3 



NONMETALLIC MINERALS AND 
THEIK PEODUCTS— Con. 



760. Petroleum and Its Products, Total 
(sum ol 761 to 767) 



761. Crude oU .__ 

762. Gasoline and naphtLia.s 

7G3. Fuel oils, gas oils, and furnace oils. 
7W Kerosene 

7C5. Lubricants, automotive 

766. Lubricants, otber than automotive. 

~^7. All other petroleum products 

.:;d. Gravel, and Crushed Stoxe. 

WOOD, PAPER. AND THEIR 
PRODUCTS 

J80. Books, Magazines, and Other 
Printed Materlils (including 
sheet music) 

(Report blank books under 830, and 
not here.) 
790. Logs, Poles, Posts, Hewn Ties. 
PuLPWooD akd Cord wood (see 432). 

800. Lumber (rough, dressed, and fin- 

ished)__ _ 

810. Paper Goods, Such as Paper Boxes, 

(Bags. Cups, Dishes, Napkins, Tow- 
els, Patterns, Etc 
(Report stationery under 830, and 
not here.) 
820. Paper, Uncoated Book, Board, 
Wall Paper, and Other, Total 

(sum of 821 to 823) -. 

(Report stationery under 830, and 
not here.) 
821. Cardboard and paper board 



822. Uncoated book. 



823. Wall paper 

830. Stationery and Stationery Supplies 

(INCLUDING typewriter PAPER) 

840. Planing-mill Products— Woodwork 
AND Other Wood Products 



COMMODITIES NOT GROUPED 
ELSEWHERE 

850. AIP.CRAFT AND PARTS, Total (stun of 
851 to 853) 



851. Heavier than air_. 

852. Lighter than air._ 



853. Equipment and supplies 

S6C. Boats (including motor, sail, and 
steam) 



Sales 



Key G-4 



KeyG-2 



Commodities 



Key G-3 



COMMODITIES NOT GROUPED 

ELSEWHERE— Con. 

870. Building Materials Not Listed 
Elsewhere (such as wall board, 

EooFiNG, etc.) 

(See items 430, 501. 510, 620, 646, 680, 
700, 710, 720, 750, 770, 800. 820. 840 
for major classes of building mate- 
rials.) 
880. Cameras and Photographic Sup- 
plies _ 

830. Cigars, Cigarettes, and Tobacco, 

Total (sum of 891 ;oS93)_ _ 

(Report leaf tobacco under 240, and 
not here.) 
891. Cigars... 



892. Cigarettes., 



893. Tobacco 

900. Fertiuzer and Fertilizer Materi- 
als 

910. Jewelry, Silverware, Etc., Total 
(sumofOU to914)._ 



911. Clocks and watches.. 



912. Jewelry 

913. Precious stones and precious met- 

als 



914. Silverware and plated ware.. 



920. Junk and Scrap 

(Report scrap iron and steel under 
670, and not here.) 

930. Leather and Cut Stock — 

910. Luggage, Saddlery, and Harness, 

and .\ll Other Products Made op 

Leather Except Boots, Shoes, 

cl.othino, and leather belting... 

(Report shoes and other footweir 

under 320; clothing under 270 and 

280; leather helting under 5<il, and 

not here.) 

950. Motion Picture Fh-m Rentals 



960. Optical Goods.. 



970. Rubber. Crude .- 

9S0. Second-hand Merchandise (specify 
kind), Total 



990. Miscellaneous Groups of Commoe- 
ITIES (specify kind). Total 



Key G-4 



KeyG-2 



Remarks: 



CERTIFICATE 

This is to certify that the information contained in this schedule is correct and complete to the best of my knowledge and 
belief, and covers the period from , 19 , to , 19 



(Signature and official title of person furnishing the information) 



(Date of signature) 



1936. 



(Signature of enumerator) 



B— 37 



U, S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 3149? 






UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin. Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



VOLUME II 



STATES AND 25 SELECTED CITIES 




JANUARY, 1937 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 

Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician 
William A. Ruff, Assistant 



Ihis is one of a series of final volumes on Wholesale Distribution, a 
part of the Census of Business, 1935. This volume presents data on number 
of wholesale establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, pay 
roll and stocks by types of operation and kinds of business, for States and 
for 25 selected wholesale trade centers. It corresponds to Tables 1 and 2 
(Wholesale Volumes I to VII) of the 1933 Census of American Business and 
in part to Tables 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Wholesale Volume II of the Census 
of Distribution, 1929. 

The statistics were collected in 1936 by a field canvass of whole- 
sale establishments in every State, city and county in the United States, 
by the Bureau of the Census, with funds provided by the Works Progress 
Administration. They cover the operations of wholesalers during the 
year 1935. 

Wholesale trade reports are prepared under the supervision of John Guernsey, Distribution 
Economist for the Census Bureau, by John Albright, assisted by Dr. Albert Haring, Edwin 
P. Slabaugh and John J. Lennon. 



>.^, 10, 1^37 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



PLAN OF PRESENTATION 



VOLUME I SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES .—contains statistics 
for the United States together with brief summaries 
by States and cities; a description of the Wholesale 
Census, explanations of terms, classifications and 
tables and an analysis of wholesale trade for 1935 as 
compared with 1933 and 1929; also contains a separate 
section on wholesale chains showing number of estab- 
lishments, net sales, expenses, employees and pay roll 
of multi-unit organizations by number of marketing 
units. The data are presented by kinds of business 
and types of operation. 



VOLUME II 



STATES AND 25 SELECTED CITIES.— presents number of es- 
tablishments, sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and 
stocks for each State and for each of 25 selected 
wholesale trade centers (Table 1). The data are 
analyzed by types of operation and by kinds of business. 



VOLUME III CITIES AND COUNTIES. — presents number of establishments, 
sales, personnel and pay roll for each city of more than 
5,000 population and for each county (Table 13). The 
data are analyzed by types of operation and by kinds of 
business for cities of more than 50,000 population 
(Table 12A) and by kinds of business for cities of 
20,000 to 50,000 population (Table 12B). 



VOLUME IV KINDS OF BUSINESS BY TYPES OF OPERATION, BY STATES. — 
presents by States number of establishments, sales, 
expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for each kind- 
of-business group by major types of operation (Table lA) 
For full-service and limited-function wholesalers, data 
are shown by kinds of business in detail (Table IB). 



PLAN_OF_PRESENTATION_iCONT\l 



VOLUME 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 

a. Monthly employment data by kinds of business 
(Table 2). 

b. Functional analysis of employment and pay 
roll for a representative week of 1935 
(Table 3) . 



VOLUME VI BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS AND ANALYSIS OF OPERATING 
EXPENSES 

a. Number of establishments, net sales and operating 
expenses of wholesale merchants and industrial 
distributors, by business size groups and kinds 
of business (Table 4). 

b. Functional division of operating expenses of 
wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, 
by kinds of business (Table 5). 



VOLUME VII 



CREDIT SALES AND SALES BY CLASSES OF CUSTOMERS 

a. Credit business of full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers and of manufacturers' sales 
branches, by kinds of business (Table 6). 

b. Business of wholesale establishments analyzed to 
show sales to retailers, to industrial users, to 
household consumers, to other wholesale organi- 
zations and sales for export separately (Table 7) 
The data are presented by types of operation and 
kinds of business. 



VOLUME VIII 



COMMODITY SALES. — analysis of sales of wholesale es- 
tablishments by commodities or lines of merchandise. 
Data are shown for 99 major commodity lines, many of 
which are subdivided into detailed commodity items. 
In this volume the relative importance of the various 
commodities is shown for each of the major kinds of 
business (Table 8). 



SPECIAL SUBJECT REPORTS 

Special subject studies dealing with various 
phases of wholesaling. 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



VOLUME II 



STATES AND 25 SELECTED CITIES 



CONTENTS AND INDEX 



TEXT 



Page 

I 

Ill 

IX 

X 

XI 

General analysis XIII 



General terms defined 

Types of operation defined 

Kinds of business — method of classification. 

Selected wholesale trade centers 

Comparability with previous censuses 



MAPS AND CHART 
Map showing percentage increase in sales, 1933 to 1935, by States, 

Chart of net sales by States, percent of United States total 

Map showing locations and sales of 25 selected cities 



XVI 

2 

110 



TABLES 
SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 

Table A - States and geographic divisions XV 

Table B - Comparative summary by States: 1935 and 1933 XVII 

Table 1 - Summary of wholesale trade for the United States: 1935 

By types of operation and kinds of business XVIII 

STATES 

Number of establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, 

pay roll, and stocks for (a) types of operation in detail, and (b) 

each of 6 type-groups by 29 kinds of business for — 



Page 

Alabama 3 

Arizona 5 

Arkansas 7 

California 9 

Colorado 12 

Connecticut 14 

Delaware 16 

District of Columbia.... 18 

Florida 20 



Page 

Georgia 22 

Idaho 25 

Illinois 27 

Indiana 30 

Iowa 32 

Kansas 34 

Kentucky 36 

Louisiana 38 

Maine 40 



CONTENTS AND INDEX (CONT.) 



Page 

Maryland 42 

Massachusetts 44 

Michigan 47 

Minnesota 50 

Mississippi 53 

Missouri 55 

Montana 58 

Nebraska 60 

Nevada 62 

New Hampshire 63 

New Jersey 64 

New Mexico 66 

New York 67 

North Carolina 70 

North Dakota 72 



Page 

Ohio 74 

Oklahoma 77 

Oregon 79 

Pennsylvania 81 

Rhode Island 84 

South Carolina 86 

South Dakota 88 

Tennessee 90 

Texas 92 

Utah 95 

Vermont 97 

Virginia 99 

Washington 101 

West Virginia 103 

Wisconsin 105 

Wyoming 107 



SELECTED CITIES 

Number of establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, 
pay roll and stocks by (a) types of operation and (b) major type 
groups by kinds of business in detail, for each of 25 selected 
wholesale trade centers. Cities were selected on the basis of their 
volume of wholesale sales as reported for 1933: 



Page 

Atlanta Ill 

Baltimore 114 

Boston 118 

Buffalo 124 

Chicago 128 

Cincinnati 134 

Cleveland 138 

Dallas 144 

Denver 147 

Detroit 150 

Houston 155 

Indianapolis 158 

Kansas City, Mo 161 



Page 

Los Angeles 165 

Milwaukee 171 

Minneapolis and 

St. Paul (combined) 175 

Newark 178 

New Orleans 181 

New York 184 

Omaha 192 

Philadelphia 194 

Pittsburgh 200 

St, Louis 204 

San Francisco 209 

Seattle 216 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



VOLUME II 



STATES AND 25 SELECTED CITIES 



This volume presents number of establishments, net sales, operating 
expenses, number of active proprietors, average number of employees, pay 
roll and stocks on hand, by types of operation and by kinds of business. 
The data are shown in summary for the United States, for each State and for 
each of 25 selected wholesale trade centers. 

WHOLESALE_ESTABLISH!V;eNTS . — Wholesale establishments are places of busi- 
ness engaged primarily in selling, or acting as agents in purchasing or 
selling, goods on a wholesale basis. In addition to the conventional types 
of wholesalers, the number includes producer-controlled selling branches and 
offices, agents and brokers, bulk tank stations and assemblers of farm 
products with established places of business. 

Wholesale establishments are engaged in selling on a wholesale basis 
primarily to retailers, institutions, industrial users and other wholesale 
organizations, for resale or further processing, rather than for personal 
or household consumption. 

For Census purposes wholesale establishments do not include peddlers or 
others selling at wholesale without recognizable places of business; nor 
establishments engaged in wholesaling as a secondary activity; nor central 
administrative offices of wholesale concerns when reported as separate estab- 
lishments. Wholesaler-retailers are included if more than half of their 
business is at wholesale. 

N ET SALES. — The term net sales is used in the Census to include total 
receipts from the sale of merchandise or services, or from rentals or from 
other sources derived in the normal operation of the business. Sales taxes 
are included, but not the value of goods returned by, or allowances made to, 
customers. 

Some wholesale establishments are engaged primarily in buying or 
assembling goods, the selling phase being incidental or non-existent inasmuch 
as such purchases may be made for parent organizations or for clients. 
Brokers, too, may represent buyers rather than sellers. Consequently, the 
term net sales is used to include the pu rch ases made by country buyers of 
farm products and by other buying agents as well as the activities of agents 
and brokers operating on a commission basis, irrespective of whether they 
represented clients who are selling or buying. However, no transaction has 
been counted more than once; that is, either the purchasing phase was con- 
sidered or the selling phase. 

In the case of agents and brokers operating on a commission basis it 
was sometimes necessary to compute net sales on the basis of average 
commission rates or fees charged. These rates or fees were either reported 



by the agents and brokers concerned or were obtained through a computa- 
tion of such rates and commissions reported by other agents and brokers 
operating in a similar manner in the same geographic division of the United 
States. This method was necessitated by the fact that many agents and 
brokers maintain records only of commissions received and do not have 
actual figures covering their operations in behalf of clients for whom they 
buy or sell goods. 

(Sales by classes of customers and the credit business of wholesale 
establishments are shown in Volume VII. Net sales are analyzed by commo- 
dities in Volume VIII.) 

OPERATING EXPENSES. — This item includes all expenses incurred during 
the year 1935 by the reporting establishments. It covers total pay roll as 
defined below and all other expenses incurred in the operation of the business, 
such as administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, occupancy and other 
expenses. The amount does not include charges to capital accounts, cost of 
goods sold, income taxes, etc. In the case of unincorporated businesses no 
compensation is included for the services of proprietors and firm members. 

(Operating expenses of wholesale merchants are analyzed in detail in 
Volume VI . ) 

ACTIVE PROPRIETORS. — The number of active proprietors includes owners 
or partners of unincorporated businesses devoting the major portion of their 
time to the operation of the business. Although they are actively engaged 
in the business, their number is not included in the count of employees, 
nor is their compensation included in pay roll. Executives of corporations 
are classified as employees, not as proprietor-owners. 

EMPLOYEES. — This item includes the number of full-time and part-time 
2aid employees of wholesale establishments, including salaried corporation 
officers and executives. The average is arrived at by totalling the number 
reported monthly (for the pay period ending nearest the 15th of each month) 
and dividing the sum by 12. Manufacturing employees of wholesale establish- 
ments who are included in the Census of Manufactures are omitted from 
these figures. 

(Monthly employment figures and employment and pay roll by occupational 
classes for a representative week may be found in Volume V. ) 

PAY ROLL. — Pay roll is the total compensation (salaries, wages, bonuses 
and commissions) paid to employees during the year. It includes no compen- 
sation for proprietors and firm members. The total is analyzed to show pay- 
ments to full-time and part-time employees separately. 

STOCKS ON HAND. — The inventory value (at cost) of all merchandise on 
hand for resale at the end of the year 1935 is included in the item stocks 
on hand. The amount includes merchandise held on consignment as well as 
goods owned. 



TYPES OF OPERATION DEFINED 

Wholesale establishments are classified on the basis of functions per- 
formed or character of the business establishment into 6 type-groups, 4 of 
which are further subdivided, so that a maximum of 33 types of operation, 
as defined below, is used in breaking down the Census data. Establishments 
engaged in more than one type of operation are classified according to their 
major activity in 1935. 

1- Full-Serv ice and Limited-Function Wholesalers^ — This functional type- 
group includes wholesale establishments which are engaged in the buying and 
selling of goods on their own account, and which are largely independent in 
ownership. It corresponds to the "Wholesalers Proper" classification in 1933 
and embraces 11 classes of wholesalers which are defined in the following para- 
graphs . 

a. Whole sa le Merchan ts are usually known as "wholesalers", but 
the term is used here in a more restricted sense, to cover full-service 
wholesalers performing their functions primarily in the domestic market. 
They are merchant middlemen who sell goods principally to retailers and to 
industrial and commercial users. They buy and sell merchandise on their own 
account; carry stocks in their places of business; assemble in large lots and 
redistribute, usually through salesmen, in smaller quantities; extend credit to 
customers; and render advice to the trade. In some lines of business, partic- 
ularly where the merchandise is of a perishable nature or derived from un- 
standardized production, wholesale merchants also perform the functions of 
grading and standardization. Although they sell primarily to retailers, sub- 
stantial quantities of merchandise are also sold by them to industrial and 
commercial users such as restaurants, hotels, public institutions, public 
utilities, manufacturers and to other wholesalers. 

Jobbers is a term used synonymously with that of "wholesale 
merchants", since it was impossible to distinguish between the two on the basis 
of reports submitted. Furthermore, in most lines of trade the two terms are 
used interchangeably, with preference being given to the more descriptive term 
"wholesaler" or "wholesale merchant". 

t>- Voluntary Group Wholesalers are wholesale merchants sponsoring 
voluntary organizations of independent retailers wherein the retailers affiliate 
themselves with the wholesalers for the purpose of receiving certain advantages 
in buying, advertising and other merchandising activities. Only those whole- 
salers, the major portion of whose sales are made through a voluntary arrange- 
ment with retailers, are included in this classification. 

c. Converters, as the term is used in the wholesale Census, are 
merchant middleman in the textile trade. In addition to performing the 
usual functions of wholesale merchants, converters also perform or have per- 
formed for them some of the functions of manufacturing in its final stages 
such as finishing, dyeing, printing, etc. The manufacturing functions are 
so insignificant in the case of converters included in the wholesale Census, 
as compared with all of the other functions they perform, that they are 
properly regarded as wholesale middlemen. Plants operated by converters are 
included in the Census of Manufactures. 



IV 



d. Exporters are wholesale merchants selling in the foreign rather 
than in the domestic market. Their sales may be largely to wholesale merchants 
abroad or to industrial users, rather than to retailers, as is the case with 
wholesale merchants engaged in domestic trade. 

e. IlSEorters in the wholesale field are largely identified with 
wholesale merchants as far as functions are concerned. The chief distinction 
lies in the source of purchases, which in the case of importers is primarily 
foreign. Furthermore, sales by importers may be made largely to wholesalers 
or to industrial users rather than direct to retailers. 

f • Industrial Distributors are distinguished from wholesale merchants 
by the fact that they sell primarily to industrial users rather than to retail- 
ers. For census purposes, the term is limited to establishments dealing in a 
more or less complete line of equipment and/or supplies and materials for mines, 
factories, oil wells, contractors, public utilities and other industrial users. 
This type includes among others, oil well supply companies, mine and mill supply 
houses, machinery dealers, and contractors' supply houses. 

g. Cash-and-CarrY_Wholesalers buy and sell merchandise in their own 
name, carry stocks, usually assemble in large quantities, and sell in smaller 
amounts to retail and other dealers who call for the goods at the wholesalers' 
places of business and pay cash for them. They are to be distinguished from 
wholesale merchants by the fact that they usually carry a limited line of 
products, mostly staples and fast-moving items, and do not generally extend 
credit to their customers, nor do they make free deliveries. (This classi- 
fication is shown separately in the United States Summary tables only.) 

h. Drop Shippers or Desk Jobbers are distinguished primarily by the 
fact that they do not perform the function of warehousing or storage, since they 
do not handle the goods; neither do they perform the delivery function, for all 
orders solicited from retailers and others are shipped directly from the manu- 
facturer or other source of supply to the drop shippers' customers. While drop 
shippers buy and sell in their own name, assume some risk, and may extend credit, 
they are to be sharply distinguished from full-service wholesalers who actually 
handle the goods and make deliveries from stock. Under this classification are 
listed only those establishments which operate primarily on a drop-shipment 
basis. 

i. Mail-O rder or Catalog Wholesalers sell all or the bulk of their 
goods by mail. Otherwise such establishments operate as full-service whole- 
salers, extending credit, making deliveries, etc. Some of them employ "good 
will" traveling men who tend to become active in the solicitation of orders. 

j. Retailer-Coopera ti ve Warehouses are wholesale establishments 
owned and operated cooperatively by groups of independent retailers buying 
collectively. In addition to collective buying and performing wholesale 
services at low costs, many retailer-cooperatives have entered actively into 
collective selling and are giving increased attention to the merchandising 
methods of their members. Buying groups without warehouses are not included 
in this classification. 



k. Wagon Distributors perform the wholesale functions of buying, 
selling, warehousing or storage, and delivery or transportation. Occasionally 
they extend credit to their customers. Their chief distinction from ordinary 
or service wholesalers lies in the following points: 

(1) They combine the functions of salesmen with those of delivery- 
men. Usually no separate sales force is employed, the work of selling and deliver- 
ing being carried out by salesmen-drivers. 

(2) They normally carry a limited assortment of merchandise, con- 
sisting of nationally advertised specialties and fast-moving items of a perish- 
able nature. 

(3) Normally they sell for cash and in original packages. 

In some lines of trade, manufacturers have in recent years estab- 
lished their own wagon distribution systems. In this Census only bonafide 
wholesalers with established places of business operating in the manner described 
above are covered under the term "wagon distributors". 

2. Manufacturers' Sales Bra nch es ( With Stock s). — Wholesale outlets owned 
and operated by manufacturers apart from their plants primarily for the purposes 
of carrying stocks of, selling, and delivering their own products. Sales of 
manufacturers' sales branches include bookings (sales for direct delivery from 
plant) as well as sales from stocks at the branches. Subsidiary sales corpor- 
ations of manufacturers have been classified as full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers rather than manufacturers' sales branches. 

3. IVanufacturers ' Sales Off ice s (Withou t Stock s). — Establishments maintained 
by manufacturers apart from their plants for the purpose of selling their products. 
Sales offices are distinguished from sales branches by the fact that they do not 
include facilities for the physical storage, handling and delivery of merchandise. 

4. Bulk Tank Stations. — Wholesale establishments storing and distributing 
gasoline, oil and other petroleum products. This classification includes stations 
servicing filling stations owned by the same organization as well as stations 
selling to independent retailers or to industrial users. Three sub-classi- 
fications are defined as follows: 

a. Independent S ta tions are independently owned and not operated 
in conjunction with others of their kind nor with filling stations under the same 
ownership. The term carries no implication as to whether the products sold are 
those of the so-called major oil companies or of independent refiners. 

^- Chain-O pe rated Stations are operated with others of their kind 
and/or with filling stations under the same ownership, either by an oil producer 
or by a multi-unit operator independent of any producer. This classification 
includes only those stations of multi-unit organizations which are operated on 
a salary basis. 

c. C ommi ssion Stations are owned by multi-unit concerns but operated 
by managers with a proprietary interest. The operators of these stations are 
paid commissions which include indeterminate amounts for overhead and delivery 
costs as well as pay roll. (Inasmuch as it has been impracticable to obtain 
employment and pay roll figures for these stations, such data are omitted from 



VI 



5. Ag§Qig_§Ild_Brokers (Functional Middlemenl. — This type group includes 
middlemen who negotiate purchases and/or sales in domestic or foreign trade, 
but who do not as a rule take title to the goods. A chief additional function 
is to furnish marketing information. They commonly receive their remuneration 
in the form of commissions or fees. Sub-classifications include the following: 

a. Auction_ComDanies are concerns that sell by the auction method 
at wholesale. Sales are conducted under definite rules and are usually made 
to the highest or best bidder. These establishments provide places for 
public inspection and sales of merchandise consigned to them. Often, on 
their own responsibility, they extend credit to purchasers. This classification 
does not include auctioneers or community sales. 

b- iiokers are wholesale middlemen whose function is to negotiate 
transactions between buyers and sellers without having direct physical control 
of the goods, and without taking title or assuming the risk of price fluctuations. 
They act as agents for their principals who are usually wholesalers or producers, 
although sometimes they represent retailers as well. Brokers may represent 
either buyers or sellers in a given transaction, or both, doing business in 
the name of their principals. They do not take title to the goods to which 
their negotiations apply, nor do they finance their clients. Their power as 
to prices and terms of sales is usually limited by their principals. When the 
emphasis is placed on the purchase of goods, such brokers are frequently 
designated as buying brokers. 

Brokers are not bound to any set of clients but operate freely 
in the wholesale field. Their relations with any one client are not continuous 
as they are in the case of selling agents or manufacturers' agents. The 
remuneration of brokers is in the form of a commission or fee, based upon the 
value of the goods or upon the physical quantity of merchandise involved in the 
transaction. In addition to negotiating purchases or sales, their chief 
function consists in advising their clients as to market conditions, inasmuch 
as knowledge of market conditions, of sources of supply and of outlets is 
their main stock in trade. Normally brokers do not handle the invoices. In 
the grocery trade it is difficult to distinguish between brokers, selling 
agents, and manufacturers' agents, the three terms frequently being used to 
describe similar methods of operation. 

c. Coraraission_Merchants are functional middlemen who transact 
business in their own name and who have direct physical control over the 
goods consigned to them, on a commission basis. Acting as commission merchants 
they do not take title to the goods they sell for clients. In some few lines 
of trade commission merchants, or commission houses, act purely as shippers' 
agents, but in most lines of business they combine some merchant business with 
commission dealing. When acting in the capacity of agents for their principals, it 
is the practice of commission merchants, when the goods require it, to prepare 
them for the market, to sell them at the best possible prices, and to remit the 
proceeds after deducting commissions and other charges. 



VII 



d. Ex2ort_Agents are functional middlemen who specialize in the 
purchase of goods for, or sale of goods to, foreign buyers. 

e. Impo rt Agents are functional middlemen who represent foreign 
sellers in the American market. In addition to negotiating sales, they usually 
attend to customs formalities. 

f. Ma:nii£§clurers_]__Agents are functional middlemen who sell part of 
the output of certain manufacturers on an extended contractual basis. They 
are limited with respect to territory of operation and as to prices and terms 
of sale. Their principal duty is to sell goods in accordance with the desire 
of their clients, although they may also warehouse some of the merchandise. 
As used in this Census, manufacturers' agents usually represent two or more 
producers whose goods are non-competitive in nature. Such agents are to be 
distinguished from salesmen in that they are in business for themselves, de- 
pending on commissions rather than on fixed salary and expense allowances. 

§• Selling_Agents are independent business enterprises operating 
on a commission basis, whose principal function is to sell the entire output 
of a given line of goods for one or more manufacturers with whom they maintain 
continuous contractual relationships. Selling agents differ from manufacturers' 
agents in the following respects: (1) They normally handle the entire output 
of one or more products of the clients they serve; (2) they are less limited 
in sales territory; (3) they have full authority with regard to prices, terras, 
etc., while the authority of manufacturers' agents is limited in this regard; 
and (4) they frequently finance their clients and offer assistance in connection 
with their advertising and other sales promotion activities. (In this Census 
special attention has been given to this classification, but when comparing 
with 1933 figures, manufacturers' agents and selling agents should be con- 
sidered together. ) 

h. Other Agents include purchasing agents, resident buyers, etc., 
in business for themselves. As a rule they buy merchandise for their clients 
and also supply them with market information. Occasionally such organizations 
are maintained cooperatively by a number of wholesalers or retailers for whom 
they perform the buying function. 

6. Assemblers. — This group includes establishments engaged primarily in 
the purchase or sale of farm products at local producing points or in the 
cities or producing regions. The emphasis is on the buying phase, since it is 
the principal function of these organizations to assemble and concentrate 
farm products which are produced on a relatively small scale into quantities 
large enough for economical shipment and handling. Most of them operate in 
what may be termed the local growers' markets, and include firms and indiv- 
iduals who do business on their own account, as well as those who operate on 
a salary or commission basis for others. The chief distinction between some 
of these different types, as indicated below, rests upon the com.modities 
involved, rather than functional performance. They are: 



VHl 



a. Countrx_Buyers_of_Farm_Products covers independent buyers and 
country buyers on a commission basis. Inde2endent_buyers of agricultural 
commodities, as a rule, forward or consign the goods purchased to wholesale 
receivers or distributors in another and usually a larger market or to manu- 
facturers or processors. Some of the larger handlers of agricultural 
commodities also maintain assembling and packing plants at points of con- 
centration in producing regions. CountrY_buYers on commission, other than 
those covered by cream stations or elevators, include only those persons and 
firms, with established places of business, engaged in the buying of agricul- 
tural products as agents for others. 

b. Cream Stat io ns includes collecting stations or depots located 
in fluid-milk producing regions. They may be maintained by city milk distri- 
butors, by creamery companies, by cooperative milk associations, or by 
independent firms. Some of the cream station operators devote their full 
time to the purchase and shipping of milk or cream. In other cases they also 
purchase eggs, poultry, and other farm products. However, the majority at 
cream stations are operated in conjunction with some other business, which may 
be a retail store, an elevator, or a general country buying business. Unless 
the business as a cream station predominated, the establishment is not included 
in this classification. 

c. Cooperative M arketing Associations are associations formed largely 
by farmers for the purpose of disposing of their goods at the most advantageous 
prices for the mutual benefit of the members. In addition to the actual selling 
of the products, they often grade, pack, store, finance, and in some cases 
advertise the commodities they handle. Such associations may also buy for 
their members various supplies such as feed, seed, fertilizer and coal. This 
designation covers cooperative marketing associations, whether local, sectional, 
or national, as well as central marketing associations set up as sales agencies 
by cooperatives. Cooperative cream stations and cooperative elevators are 
covered under their respective designations. (Farmers cooperatives engaged 
primarily in buying for members are included in the Retail Census.) 

^- Elevators (Grain) include those country elevators that purchase 
and handle grain, either on their own account (independent), or for'their 
principals (line). The number also includes elevators maintained by 
cooperative associations. Merchandising elevators in the terminal markets 
are classed as wholesale merchants. Storage elevators are included in the 
Census of Warehousing, while elevators engaged primarily in the sale of coal, 
feed and fertilizer to farmers are included in the Retail Census. (Due to a change 
in their accounting procedure, some line-elevator concerns, formerly reporting 
for a calendar year, have submitted reports for a fiscal year ending June 30. 
This change has caused stocks on hand at the end of the year to show some 
decreases. ) 

e. P ack ers and Shippers engage primarily in the assembly of fruits 
and vegetables and of sea foods, and also normally pack, grade, and ship such 
products. The operations of cooperative marketing associations and of farmers 
and individual producers are not included under this classification. 



DC 



CLASSIFICATION BY KIND OF BUSINESS 



To make the statistics of most value each wholesale establishment, in 
addition to classification by type of operation, is classified by kind of 
business (drugs, groceries, hardware, etc.) based upon the principal lines 
of merchandise handled or trade designation. The statistics presented in 
this manner enable each wholesaler to compare his accomplishments with those 
of other wholesale establishments operating in the same line of trade and 
in the same area in which his business is located. This method of presenta- 
tion permits significant comparisons with respect to operating expenses, 
average salary, lines of merchandise handled, and credit business. 

Guided largely by the experience of previous censuses, all wholesale 
establishments have been divided into 29 kind-of-business groups. These 
groups comprise 142 minor or detailed classifications. (For complete list 
see United States Summary, Page XVIII.) In arranging the classifications, 
three factors were considered: 

1. The way in which certain goods are distributed, namely, 
the Channels o f Dist ri bution . 

2. The Source of Supply of the commodity or commodities 
under consideration. 

3. The Utiliz a tion of the commodity by those who purchase 
it from the reporting firm. 

To illustrate, soap powder used for household consumption is included 
among groceries, since the great bulk of such merchandise is handled through 
grocery channels. This classification obviously follows the first basis 
mentioned, namely, channels of distribu t ion . Hides and skins, on the other 
hand, are classified under "farm products-raw materials" on the basis of 
their source of. supply. Similarly, fruits and vegetables are classified 
under "farm products-consumer goods". Shoes are classified under "clothing 
and furnishings" because of the way in which they are util ize d. 

In some cases it was necessary to combine 2 or 3 of the bases men- 
tioned. For example, stoves and ranges are classified as "plumbing and 
heating equipment and supplies", partly because they are distributed through 
plumbing channels but largely because they are used for heating purposes, 
so that both the channels of distribut ion and utilizati on of the products 
are followed in this case. 

To assist in determining the proper classification of establishments, 
each respondent was requested to give the usual name or designation by which 
the business was known to the trade or public. In addition, he was asked 
to name the principal lines of merchandise sold or handled, in the order 
of their importance, based upon net sales for 1935. The information supplied 
in the reply to these inquiries together with the analysis of sales by 
commodities served to determine the proper kind-of-business classification 
for the establishment. In general, the major kind-of-business classification 



was arrived at through the trade designation, while the lines of merchan- 
dise or commodities handled determined the more detailed classification. 
Estahlishments engaged in more than one kind of tusiness were classified 
according to the line that predominated during the year 1935. 

Although kind of business is predicated in part upon the commodities 
handled, it must not be confused with the commodities themselves, as 
most establishments handle more than a single commodity or line of merchan- 
dise. For example, wholesale grocers frequently sell drug items, paper 
goods and tobacco products while hardware wholesalers sell automotive 
parts, wiring supplies, sporting goods or radios. (An analysis of sales by 
commodities is presented in Volume VIII.) 

TYPE-AND-KIND DATA. — In this Volume, the data are presented by types 
of operation and kinds of business in summary for the United States, for 
each State, and for each of 25 selected wholesale trade centers. Data are 
presented in summary for the United States; (a) by States and geographic 
divisions, Page XV; (b) by types of operation in detail. Page XVIII; and (c) 
each of 6 type-groups by kind of business in detail. Page XVIII. The infor- 
mation for each State is shown by types of operation in detail and for each 
of 6 type-groups by 29 kinds of business. (Information for detailed kinds 
of business by States is found in Volume IV.) In the case of selected whole- 
sale trade centers, the data are presented by types of operation in detail 
and for each of 6 type-groups by kinds of business in detail insofar as 
possible without disclosing individual operations. 

SELECTED_WHOLESALE TRADE CENTERS. — Inasmuch as it was necessary to 
prepare for the tabulations in advance, the wholesale trade centers in- 
cluded in this study were selected on the basis of their net sales as 
shown in a previous census. Figures are presented separately for each 
of the 25 cities with sales of more than fl80,000,000 for the year 1933. 
These 25 cities accounted for 62.8 percent of the dollar volume of whole- 
sale sales in the United States in 1935. 



XI 



COMPARABILITY WITH PREVIOUS CENSUSES OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



In presenting the data on wholesale trade, every effort has been made 
to keep the classifications comparable with 1933 and 1929. In making 
comparisons with previous years, however, the following qualifications 
are pertinent: 

Changes in Scope . — 

a. Chain store warehouses, formerly included in the Wholesale 
Census, are now excluded as wholesalers and are covered in a separate 
report wherein the central buying, warehousing and retail operations of the 
chains are related. In addition, chain store warehouse operations are sum- 
marized in Wholesale Volume I. 

b. Purchasing offices of retail chains are treated in the same 
manner as chain store warehouses. Formerly they were included as additional 
wholesale establishments. 

c. Central or administrative offices of multi-unit wholesalers, 
formerly included, are now excluded because their sales duplicate the sales 
reported by their separate units. A special tabulatioh of these establish- 
ments will be given in the final summary report, to measure their employment 
and pay roll. 

d. A few Factors in the textile trade were included in the 1933 
Wholesale Census because of the marketing functions which they performed, 
but are now excluded. These establishments in 1935 have been canvassed as 
financial institutions, their principal function being to finance purchases 
and sales. 

Coverage. — Due to the absence of legislation which during regular 
census years makes reporting mandatory, the current Census is affected 
slightly by incomplete coverage. In addition to a few scattered concerns 
elsewhere which failed to cooperate, the Bureau was unable to obtain complete 
coverage in certain areas, particularly in parts of Colorado, Nebraska and 
Missouri . 

Shifts in Class ification s. — Attention is invited to the following 
instances wherein a minor change in the nature of the operations may cause 
an establishment's entire business to shift into or out of the Wholesale 
Census or from one classification to another within this Census. 

3-- Dual -Act iv ity . — Establishments which perform, with about equal 
emphasis, activities which fall into different census fields, such as manu- 
facturing and jobbing, wholesaling and retailing, growing and packing and 
shipping. Some feed and farm supply establishments, farmer cooperative 
bulk tank stations, lumber yards, dairies, and some paint and varnish es- 
tablishments formerly in Wholesale are now in Retail, while several motor 
vehicle distributors and office supply houses formerly in Retail are now in 
7/holesale. Some wholesale bakeries, bottling plants, and lumber distributors 
operating planing mills are now in the Census of Manufactures. 



All 



b. Dual-Line. — Establishments which may take either of two kind- 
of-business classifications and are classified according to the line that 
predominates currently (hardware and plumbing and heating, groceries and 
tobacco products, dry goods and clothing, drugs and liquors, etc.). Some of 
these establishments shift their classification from year to year, but the 
shifts are of little effect on totals except in some areas where the number 
of establishments in a given classification may appear to be out of line 
with changes in dollar sales. 

c. Dual -Ty pe. — Establishments wh-ich perform, with about equal 
emphasis, operations that fall within different wholesale type classifi- 
cations (commission merchant and wholesale merchant, exporter and importer, 
wholesale merchant and drop shipper, etc.). A small number of these es- 
tablishments shift from year to year, but in most states they account for 
such a small volume of sales as to have little effect on totals. 

Comparisons by Types of Operation and Kinds of Business . — C ompa r i s on s 
with the previous censuses by types of operation and kinds of business are ■ 
found in Volume I . 



XIII 



GENERAL_ANALYSIS_OF_WHOLESALE_TRADE 

At the close of 1935 there were 176,756 wholesale establishments in the 
United States with sales during the year amounting to $42,802,913,000. These 
establishments employed 1,277,717 persons (monthly average) to whom they paid 
$2,049,483,000 in salaries and wages. In addition, there were 97,225 active 
proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses who are not included 
in the count of employees, nor is their compensation included in pay roll. 
Operating expenses of wholesale establishments amounted to $4,163,480,000 
during the year and the cost value of stocks on hand for resale at the end of 
the year was $3,106,609,000. 

When compared with 1933, the last year for which comparable census data 
are available, an 8 percent increase in number of establishments and a 43 
percent gain in net sales are found. For the same period pay roll increased 
24 percent and total operating expenses 16 percent. The average number of 
employees (full-time and part-time combined) increased 8 percent. A decrease 
of 22 percent in part-time pay roll contrasted with a 25 percent increase in 
full-time pay roll shows a considerable shift from a part-time to a full-time 
basis, 

A summary of the facts disclosed in this Census compared with the previous 
Wholesale Census of 1933 follows: 



1935* 



Establishments 176,756 

Net sales $42,802,913,000 

Expenses $4,163,480,000 

Employees 1,277,717 

Active proprietors 97,225 

Pay roll - Total $2,049,483,000 

Full-time $2,003,246,000 

Part-time $46,237,000 

Stocks, end of year $3,106,609,000 

(For comparison purposes the 1933 figures have been adjusted to the scope of 
the 1955 Census. ) 

*Summary comparisons with 1933 are complicated by the rapidly increasing number of bulk tank stations 
operated on a commission basis. The commission paid the operator includes indeterminate amounts of overhead 
and operating costs, as well as pay roll of employees hired by him and compensation tor his personal services. 
Inasmuch as it has been impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll data for commission stations in com- 
parable form, direct comparison with 1933 has necessitated the inclusion of estimates. These estimates were 
prepared, by States, on the basis of information available for non-commission stations ( those operated on a salary 
basis) and are included only in the comparison tables which vary from Tables A and 1 by the amounts of 
the estimates. These estimates are as follows: Employees, 17,164; total pay roll, $27,221,000; full-time pay roll 
$26,909,000; and part-time pay roll, $312,000. 



Percent 






gain 






over 


1933 




1933 






8 




163,583 


43 


$30,009; 


,590,000 


16 


$3,580, 


,368,000 


8 


1 


,187,688 


3 




94,483 


24 


$1,659 


,487,000 


25 


$1,600, 


,525,000 


-22 


$58 


,962,000 


7 


$2,901 


,901,000 



XIV 



In presenting the data, the wholesale field has been divided into six major 
groups based upon the type of operation or the nature of the functions performed, 
as follows: (1) full-service and limited-function wholesalers, (2) manufacturers' 
sales branches, carrying stocks, (3) manufacturers' sales offices, which are separate 
places of business apart from their plants, not carrying stocks, (4) bulk tank sta- 
tions, (5) agents and brokers, and (6) assemblers. Some of these groups are further 
subdivided in the accompanying table. 

Of the total number of wholesale establishments in the United States, 51 percent 
are of the first group; 9 percent are in the second and third groups; 15 percent are 
bulk tank stations; 10 percent are agents and brokers; while assemblers constitute 
15 percent of the total. 

In volume of sales, merchant wholesalers (full-service and limited-function) 
accounted for 41 percent of the total wholesale business in 1935 and 43 percent in 
1933; manufacturers' sales branches and offices accounted for 26 percent in 1935 
and 24 percent in 1933; agents and brokers, 21 percent in both 1935 and 1933. Bulk 
tank stations and assemblers each accounted for 6 percent in 1935 and the same per- 
centage in 1933. 

A comparative summary by types of operation follows; 











Net 


sales 


















Percent 


Number 


of 
hments 


1935 






1933 




change 


establis 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount Percent 


1933 to 


1935 


1933 


ladd OOOi 


of tot 


al 


(add OOOi of 


tota. 


L 1935 


Total 176,756 


163^583 


142^802^913 


100 


_130^009^590 


100 


+43 


Full-service and limited- 
















function wholesalers 88,931 


82,820 


17,661,691 


41 




12,890,763 


43 


+37 


Manufacturers' sales 
















branches (With stocks) 11,634 


12,409 


7,446,014 


17 




4,965,450 


16 


+50 


Manufacturers' sales 
















offices (Without stocks) 4,196 


4,415 


3,620,074 


9 




2,328,606 


8 


+55 


Bulk tank stations 27,333 


26,174 


2,704,047 


6 




1,785,513 


6 


+51 


Agents and brokers 18,147 


13,806 


8,908,076 


21 




6,283,097 


21 


+42 


Assemblers 26,515 


._23^959. 


2_^463^011_ 


6 




1,756,161 


6 


+40 



In addition to being classified according to functional type, each establishment 
was also classified by kind of business on the basis of the chief line or lines of mer- 
chandise which it sold. All wholesale establishments have been grouped into 29 major 
kinds of business conforming as nearly as possible to trade classifications. In this 
report, kind-of-business information is shown for each of the 6 type-groups. 

Of the 117,661,691,000 shown as the sales of full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers, groceries amounted to $3,636,723,000 or 21 percent of the total; farm 
products-consumer goods to $1,941,059,000 or 11 percent; farm products-raw materials 
to $1,562,487,000 or 9 percent; dry goods to $985,400,000 or 6 percent; and 
machinery, equipment and supplies to $835,647,000 or 5 percent. 

A clear perspective of the wholesale trade and the relative importance of the 
different kinds of business under each type can be had from an examination of 
Table 1 which shows the data for each area by types of operation and kinds of 
business. 



XV 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE A.- -SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll* 




Stocks on 
hand, end 




of 


Net 


expenses 


propria- 


' Hill-time 


Iadd 000 i 




DIVISION AND STATE 


estab* 


sales 


( including 


ors and 


and part- 








lish. 


pay Toll ) 


'irm 


ime). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


iadd 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 










i/ 1 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


TJNITO) STkTES 


176.756 h 


k2.802.913 


Na63.480 


97,225 


1,260,553 


12.022.262 


(1,976.537 


145,925 


B.106,609 


Connecticut 


9,580 


2,528,497 


265,606 


5,166 


81,521 


134,822 


132.266 


2,556 


189,384 


1,481 


306,078 


39,481 


766 


12,727 


20,353 


19,959 


394 


29,928 


Malae 


970 


127,840 


17,225 


504 


6,271 


8,427 


8,215 


212 


13,208 


Massachusetts 


5,739 


1,806,346 


173,736 


3,215 


51,888 


90,110 


88,480 


1,630 


122,483 


New Hempshlre 


363 


54,069 


6,562 


172 


2,149 


3,044 


2,979 


65 


4,686 


Rhode Island 


683 


180,597 


21,307 


369 


6,328 


9,936 


9,738 


198 


14,352 


Vermont 


344 


53,567 


7,295 


140 


2,158 


2,952 


2,895 


57 


4,727 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
New Jersey- 


40,392 


14,296,623 


1,364,970 


25,436 


351.555 


662.736 


653,720 


9,016 


974,215 


3,025 


708,645 


90,195 


1,570 


26,386 


43,225 


42,537 


688 


51,624 


New York 


26,915 


10,846,966 


1,005,722 


16,626 


243,120 


487,139 


481,271 


5,868 


752,525 


Pennsylvania 


10,452 


2,741,012 


269,053 


7,240 


82,049 


132,372 


129,912 


2,460 


170,066 


EAST NQRIH CINTRAL 
Illinois 


35.638 


8,709,015 


836,217 


19,732 


262.920 


428,040 


419,809 


8,233 


501,319 


12,009 


3,937,609 


355,797 


6,611 


104,740 


182,989 


180,093 


2,896 


195,190 


Indiana 


4,333 


654,917 


64,391 


2,183 


23,263 


32,469 


31,781 


688 


41,874 


Michigan 


6,065 


1,410,767 


132,112 


3,580 


41,587 


65,653 


64,182 


1,471 


75,086 


Ohio 


9,086 


2,028,552 


211,260 


6,323 


68,394 


109,535 


107,237 


2,298 


134,047 


Wisconsin 


4,145 


677,170 


72,657 


2,035 


24,936 


37,394 


36,516 


878 


55,122 


WEST NORTH CBTIRAL 


29.526 


4,786,928 


431,591 


13,745 


144,219 


208,758 


304,193 


4,565 


373,649 


i lom 


5,063 


627,795 


51,254 


2.619 


19,753 


25,515 


24,693 


822 


36,163 


Kansas 


4,621 


398,387 


34,093 


2,076 


12,726 


16,125 


15,634 


491 


28,801 


Minnesota 


5,695 


1,188,413 


102,970 


2,585 


32,079 


49,564 


48,505 


1,059 


112,222 


Missouri 


6,691 


1,811,544 


179,001 


3,740 


56,576 


87,798 


86,477 


1,321 


144,979 


Nebraska 


3,122 


527,719 


37,672 


1,603 


13,672 


17,892 


17,399 


493 


29,167 


North Dakota 


2,435 


133,808 


14,334 


588 


4,935 


6,395 


6,194 


201 


12,635 


South Dakota 


1,899 


99,262 


12,267 


534 


4,478 


5,469 


5,291 


178 


9,682 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 
Delaware 


15,367 


3,406,153 


328,566 


8,546 


117,143 


154,894 


149,881 


5,013 


278,968 


262 


106,300 


10,061 


148 


1,899 


3,175 


3,110 


65 


7,057 


District of Columbia 


629 


242,729 


23,993 


327 


8,274 


13,819 


13,641 


178 


13,088 


Florida 


2,239 


399,290 


46,521 


1,005 


18,573 


£1,845 


21,028 


817 


29,135 


Georgia 


2,667 


605,272 


58,005 


1,371 


18,444 


25,601 


25,016 


585 


43,285 


Maryland 


2,316 


496,017 


51,880 


1,744 


19,164 


25,456 


24,787 


669 


31,981 


North Carolina 


2,458 


555,396 


43,795 


1,460 


16,980 


20,456 


19,212 


1,244 


61,499 


South Carolina 


1.422 


267,122 


17,734 


809 


6,128 


7,630 


7,419 


211 


13,645 


Virginia 


2,123 


502,951 


49,621 


1,065 


18,846 


23,751 


28,815 


938 


58,935 


West Virginia 


1,251 


231,076 


26,956 


617 


8,835 


13,161 


12,855 


306 


20,343 


BAST SCWTH CIHTRAL 
Alabama 


7,594 


1,609,657 


136,436 


4,329 


51,445 


65.345 


62.976 


2.369 


130,068 


1,668 


304,549 


29,750 


920 


10,675 


14,201 


13,909 


292 


22,832 


Kentucky 


2,057 


379,597 


35,391 


1,240 


15,765 


18,041 


16,833 


1,208 


44,255 


Mississippi 


1,243 


179,902 


14,037 


633 


5,076 


5,877 


5,717 


160 


12,426 


Tennessee 


2,626 


745,609 


57,256 


1,536 


19,929 


27,226 


26,517 


709 


50,555 


WIST SOUTH CaJTHAL 
Arkansas 


15,056 


2,696,574 


251,415 


7,618 


80,237 


107,293 


104.690 


2.603 


267,675 


1,504 


180,309 


16,761 


747 


6.006 


7,347 


7,165 


182 


16,348 


Louisiana 


2,131 


580,260 


55,492 


938 


17,372 


23,873 


23,332 


541 


75,265 


Oklahoma 


3,668 


404,465 


36,221 


1,792 


12,809 


17,603 


17,121 


482 


31,296 


Texas 


7,753 


1,531,540 


142,940 


4,141 


44,050 


58,470 


57,072 


1,398 


144,766 


MOUNTAIN 
Arizona 


6,413 


847.030 


88.458 


2.. 323 


28,615 


41,310 


39,876 


1,434 


66,683 


541 


78,046 


9,34' 


239 


2,670 


3,922 


3,727 


195 


5,345 


Colorado 


1,884 


324,382 


30,86E 


830 


10,102 


15,064 


14,731 


332 


18,782 


Idaho 


954 


82,195 


9,38C 


360 


3,372 


4,025 


3,648 


377 


7,678 


Montana 


1,254 


121,641 


11,98£ 


225 


4,040 


5,904 


5,724 


18C 


13,172 


NeTada 


158 


15,300 


2, 37 J 


48 


649 


1,060 


1,033 


21 


1,151 


New Mexico 


397 


45,579 


4,58E 


141 


1,433 


2,065 


2,029 


36 


5,355 


Utah 


888 


154,189 


17,045 


357 


5,475 


8,046 


7,794 


25£ 


12,435 


Wyoming 


337 


25,69e 


2,86( 


123 


874 


1,224 


1,190 


34 


2,665 


PACUIC 

California 


17,190 


3,922.436 


460,22] 


10,330 


142,896 


219,064 


208,926 


10.136 


i 324.748 


12,542 


2,975,252 


364,90! 


J 8,450 


108,857 


166,749 


158,206 


8,54; 


S 237,943 


Oregon 


1,61E 


343,442 


36,55C 


) 674 


11,316 


17,623 


17,075 


55C 


) 31,202 


Washington 


3,232 


603, 74C 


68,76< 


) 1,206 


22,72J 


34,69C 


33,645 


1,04! 


S 55,603 



* Include* no compen»alion for proprietor* and (i 
bulk tank tlationa, these data ar« not included. 



Tiember* of unincorporated buiine*a«*. 1/ Inasmuch a* it was impracticabla to obtain employment and pay roll for commission 
2/ Include* stocks not ownad but held on consignment valued at $124,872,000. 



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;-i:",V 







XVll 



CENSUS OF 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE B.-COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF ESTABLISHMENTS, SALES, 








EMPLOYEES AND PAY ROLL, 1935 AND 1933, 


BY STATES. 








Number of 




Net 

Sales 

add 000) 




Employees ( hill- 


Total 


DIVISION AND STATE 


establishments 






time and 
Average 


aart-time). 
[or year. 


pay roll 
(add 000) 


1935 


1933 


1935 


1933 


Percent 
Rain 


1 1935 


1933 


1/ 1935 


1933 


UNITED STATES 
NM ENGLAND 
Connecticut 


175,756 


163,583 


»42.302,913 


130,009,590 


42.6 


1,277,717 


1,137,688 


$2,049,483 


$1^59,487 


9,580 


8,592 


2,528,497 


1.867.712 


35.4 


82,271 


74,454 


135,916 


113.526 


1,481 


1,396 


306,078 


225,724 


35.6 


12,818 


12,118 


20,498 


17,559 


Maine 


970 


860 


127,840 


98,462 


29.8 


6,430 


5,957 


8,655 


7,575 


Maasachuaetts 


5,739 


5,125 


1,806,346 


1,334,893 


35.3 


52,110 


46,530 


90,444 


74,930 


New Hampshire 


363 


334 


54,069 


38,074 


42.0 


2,261 


2,244 


3,201 


2,895 


Rhode Island 


683 


577 


180,597 


128,808 


40.2 


5,339 


5,352 


9,953 


7,717 


Vermont 


344 


300 


53,567 


41,751 


28.3 


2,313 


2,153 


3,155 


2,750 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
New Jersey 


40,392 


34.170 


14.296,523 


10.364-.095 


37.9 


352.660 


301,563 


664.547 


508,070 


3,025 


2,682 


708,645 


492,270 


44.0 


26,560 


24,196 


43,521 


35,420 


New York 


26,915 


21,825 


10,846,966 


7,856,469 


38.1 


243,709 


199,067 


488,157 


360,528 


Pennsylvania 


10,452 


9,563 


2,741,012 


2,015,356 


36.0 


82,391 


78,300 


132,369 


112,022 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 
Illinois 


35.638 


34.442 


8.709,015 


5,785,417 


50.5 


265,150 


242,322 


432,053 


345,139 


12,009 


11,898 


3,937,609 


2,715,156 


45.0 


105,047 


94,828 


183,574 


146,420 


Indiana 


4,333 


4,229 


654,917 


396,107 


65.3 


23,677 


20,781 


33,211 


25,754 


Michigan 


6,065 


5,791 


1,410,767 


827,256 


70.5 


42,504 


37,638 


67,347 


51,049 


Ohio 


9,086 


8,286 


2,028,552 


1,367,382 


48.4 


68,709 


64,450 


110,030 


89,620 


iVlsoonsin 


4,145 


4,238 


677,170 


479,915 


41.2 


25,213 


24,525 


37,891 


32,296 


WEST NORTH CiiNTRAL 
Iowa 


29.526 


29.115 


4,786,928 


3.506.257 


36.5 


146,021 


144,897 


211,597 


183,877 


5,063 


5,250 


627,795 


451,730 


39.0 


20,043 


22,142 


26,004 


25,324 


Kansas 


4,621 


5,003 


398,387 


292,279 


35.3 


13,087 


14,561 


16,720 


16,431 


Minnesota 


5,695 


5,178 


1,188,413 


853,915 


39.2 


32,332 


31,836 


49,988 


41,992 


Missouri 


6,691 


6,085 


1,911,544 


1,354,198 


33.8 


56,936 


52,260 


88,394 


71,797 


Nebraska 


3,122 


3,409 


527,719 


387,601 


36.2 


13,948 


14,544 


18,253 


17,196 


North Dakota 


2,435 


2,435 


133,808 


93,280 


43.4 


5,067 


4,852 


6,539 


5,815 


South Dakota 


1,899 


1,755 


99,262 


73,264 


35.5 


4,608 


4,502 


5,599 


5,322 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 
Delaware 


15.367 


14,507 


3.406,153 


2.338,443 


45.7 


120.167 


116.531 


159,525 


129,857 


262 


259 


106,300 


59,182 


79.6 


1,917 


1,700 


3,201 


2,357 


District of Columbia 


629 


568 


242,729 


144,119 


68.4 


8,274 


6,886 


13,819 


10,042 


Florida 


2,239 


2,041 


399,290 


263,211 


51.7 


19,011 


20,635 


22,564 


13,920 


Georgia 


2,667 


2,269 


605,272 


409,362 


47.9 


19,345 


16,237 


26,995 


20,431 


Maryland 


2,316 


2,224 


496,017 


386,450 


28.4 


19,266 


18,906 


25,585 


21,529 


North Carolina 


2,458 


2,356 


555,396 


393,370 


41.2 


17,676 


17,855 


21,587 


17,782 


South Carolina 


1,422 


1,242 


267,122 


172,062 


55.2 


6,529 


5,591 


8,202 


6,393 


Virginia 


2,123 


2,370 


502,951 


325,155 


54.7 


19,180 


20,560 


24,216 


21,075 


West Virginia 


1,251 


1,178 


231,076 


185,532 


24.5 


8,969 


8,260 


13,356 


11,328 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 
Alabama 


7,594 


6,806 


1.609.657 


975.330 


65.0 


53,513 


50.168 


68,569 


54,773 


1,668 


1,601 


304,549 


203,657 


49.5 


11,293 


10,547 


15,212 


12,481 


Kentucky 


2,057 


2,001 


379,597 


255,260 


48.7 


16,009 


15,820 


18,402 


16,172 


Mississippi 


1,243 


1,244 


179,902 


142,548 


26.2 


5,750 


5,032 


7,010 


6,227 


Tennessee 


2,626 


1,950 


745,609 


374,365 


99.2 


20,461 


17,769 


27,945 


19,893 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
Arkansas 


15,056 


15,053 


2,696.574 


1,919.042 


40.5 


84.557 


84.155 


113,638 


100.777 


1,504 


1,292 


180,309 


117,729 


53.2 


6,791 


5,842 


8,420 


7,603 


Louisiana 


2,131 


2,094 


580,260 


449,211 


29.2 


17,925 


19,375 


24,557 


23,315 


Oklahoma 


3,668 


4,169 


404,465 


297,877 


35.8 


13,459 


14,333 


18,604 


17,253 


Texas 


7,753 


7,498 


1,531,540 


1,054,225 


45.3 


46,382 


43,505 


62,057 


52,506 


MOUNTAIN 
Arizona 


6,413 


5.868 


847.030 


543.240 


55.9 


29,869 


29,516 


43,226 


35,885 


541 


467 


78,046 


45,654 


71.0 


2,792 


2,903 


4,142 


3,556 


Colorado 


1,884 


1,814 


324,382 


232,374 


39.6 


10,283 


11,917 


15,345 


15,157 


Idaho 


954 


764 


82,195 


50,537 


62.6 


3,533 


3,053 


4,277 


3,249 


Montana 


1,254 


1,239 


121,641 


73,790 


64.8 


4,070 


3,754 


5,947 


4,852 


Nevada 


158 


139 


15,300 


9,763 


56.7 


713 


495 


1,172 


735 


New Mexico 


397 


447 


45,579 


27,730 


64.4 


1,591 


1,453 


2,415 


1,933 


Utah 


888 


649 


154,189 


84,275 


83.0 


5,832 


4,971 


8,588 


6,138 


Wyoming 


337 


349 


25,698 


19,117 


34.4 


955 


950 


1,340 


1,265 


PACIFIC 

California 


17.190 


15,030 


3,922,436 


2.709.544 


44.8 


143,509 


143,982 


220.212 


186,583 


12,342 


11,000 


2,975,253 


2,094,297 


42.1 


109,226 


110,590 


167,453 


143,075 


Oregon 


1,615 


1,326 


343,443 


196,445 


74.8 


11,423 


10,798 


17,826 


14,342 


Washington 


3,233 


2,704 


603,740 


418,802 


44.2 


22,860 


22,594 


34,933 


29,166 



# Includes no conrpensatlon for proprietors and flm members of unincorporated businesses. 1/ Includes the following esti-nates 
for comnisslon bulk tank stations: Qnployees, 17,164 and total pay roll $27,221,000. 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



TABLE 1. 
BY 



XVllI 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
-SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



TOTALS, 1935: 

rOLL-SER\nCE AND LIMITED-FONOTION 
WHOLESALSRS 
Wholesale merchants 
Voluntary-group wholesalera 
Converters 
Exporters 
Importers 

Industrial distributors 
Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 
Uail-order wholesalers 
Retaller-oooperatlve warehouses 
Wagon distributors 

MAHUTACTURISS' SALES BRANCHES 
(With stocks) 

MAHOTACTORERS' SALES OPFICiB 
{Wit)iout stocks) 

BUIK TANK STATIONS (PETKOLEUM) 
Independent stations 
Chain-operated stations 
Commission stations 

AoaiTS AND BROKERS 
Auction companies 
Brokers 

Commission merchants 
Export agents 
Import agents 
llanufacturera' agents 
Selling agents 
Other agents 

ASSMELSiS 

Country buyers of farm products 

Cream stations 

Cooperative marketing associations 

Elevators (grain) 

Packers and shippers 

BY KINDS OF BPSIKESS : 



Number 

o( 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 



176.756 



88.931 



78,377 

128 

502 

513 

2,241 

1,633 

1,031 

189 

161 

4,256 



11.634 



Nel 
sales 

;add 000 I 



t4 2.e02.913 



17,661,691 



4,196 



27,333 



3,880 

17,017 

6,436 

18,147 



609 
3,'922 
3,135 

496 

335 
7,548 
1,712 

390 

26.515 



14,446,316 
100,569 
284,121 
571,490 
1,068,234 
444,877 
365,926 
13,984 
153,398 
212,776 



7.446.014 



3.620,074 



Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 

(add 000) 



t4.163.4a0 



2,228.347 



1,904,174 

9,402 

24,541 

51,598 

98,475 

72,939 

23,545 

3,226 

9,383 

31,064 



681.155 



Active 
proprie 

tors and 
firm 

members 



97.225 



1/ 
1.260.553 



51 , 586 



2.704.047 



298,627 

2,002,546 

402,874 

8.908.076 



10,813 
3,619 
2,117 
8,462 
1,504 



TOLL-SHJTICE AND LIMITED-rONCTIQH 
WHOLESALERS 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras and motion picture eqpt. t splj 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 

Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 

Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 

Chemicals and Faints 
Dyestuffs 
Explosives 

Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 



(continued on next page) 



88.931 



1.068 
74 
191 
134 
461 
208 

5,672 



399 

4,840 

433 

5,496 



4,016 
1,480 

1,426 



57 

26 

204 

36 

772 

331 



382,857 

2,889,546 

2,662,491 

276,506 

212,573 

768,619 

1,439,710 

275,774 

2.463,011 



646,147 
29,854 
955,727 
600 , 363 
230,920 



17,661.691 



117.045 



4,897 
38,268 
17,030 
35,393 
21,457 

780,424 



239,889 



391,095 



37,147 

284,859 

69,089 

256,749 



10,692 
39,411 
67,364 
14,538 
10,357 
44,092 
63,412 
6,783 

166.245 



54,685 

33 

235 

340 
1,313 
309 
497 
151 

4,023 



299 



149 



3.546 



3,075 
471 



14.950 



Employees 
(full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll* 
(add 000 J 



{2J 



759,556 



674,098 

3,420 

5,634 

7,369 

21,834 

24,724 

4,901 

1,188 

3,545 

12,742 



211.280 



43,895 



1/ 



Total 



12.022.262 



Full-time 



1,162.275 



,008,833 

5,481 

12,273 

13,831 

46,461 

41,578 

12,252 

1,339 

5,245 

15,982 



402.705 



106.093 



630 

3,255 

2,818 

305 

207 

6,557 

885 

293 

16,695 



12,901 
78,258 
U 

68.385 



10,635 
2,239 



32,981 
1,479 
50,318 
30,147 2,751 
41,320 1,070 



2.238.347 



31.308 



378,726 

349,186 

52,512 

698.511 



281,259 
417,252 

275,301 



15,816 
1,615 
80,310 
33,148 
66,328 
78,084 



1,033 
6,053 
3,631 
5,974 
3,607 

131.401 



36,051 

87,265 

8,035 

91.814 



40,791 
51,033 

46,008 



4,150 

386 

9,933 

1,683 

15,063 

14,894 



• Include* no compenulion for proprietor* and firm member* of unincorporated buaincMc*. 



61.586 



541 



44 

43 

78 

349 

127 

3,353 



130 

2,933 

301 

4,238 



3,495 
802 

627 



18 

12 

40 

3 

370 

134 



5,586 

9,885 

18,298 

3,851 

1,272 

14,300 

11,759 

2,335 

87,378 



21,038 
3,232 
22,592 
16,164 
35,263 



759,556 



7,076 



407 
1,623 
1,275 
3,543 
1,228 

49,514 



11,318 

35,511 

2,687 

31,380 



17,460 
129,461 
1/ 

129,8 66 



5,094 
20,396 
34,104 

6,382 

3,134 
23,995 
31,228 

4,533 



i 



.975.337 



B45.' 



1.139.130 



988,505 

5,442 

12,130 

12,357 

45,947 

41,039 

11,859 

1,289 

5,208 

15,444 



393.738 



105.266 



1/ 



16,929 
128,033 
1/ 

125.415 



Part-time 



Stock 
hand, 
of year 






i25 



23.145 



20,328 

39 

143 

574 

514 

539 

383 

50 

37 

538 



3,968 



827 



1/ 



4,740 
30,003 
33,089 

5,306 

3,064 
33,905 
30,802 

4,506 



74,401 



14,795 

1,033 
23,406 
15,160 
20,007 



1,162.275 



12.093 



624 
3,447 
1,982 
4,102 
1,937 

75.376 



15,379 

16,001 

10.741 



675 

121 

3,349 

470 

4,997 

2,129 



19,118 

52,042 

4,115 

43,682 



18,379 
25,303 

20.530 



1,594 
149 

5,350 
849 

7,931 

4,557 



13,584 

882 
30,504 
13,769 
15,088 



531 
1,439 
1/ 

4,451 



1,354 

394 

1,015 

76 

70 

1,089 

426 

27 

11.574 



(add 000) 



I. 



106 £09 



2.067.549 



1,663,289 

13,444 

46,374 

75,328 

147,738 

94,811 

3,511 

2,116 

14,365 

7,173 



596.558 



157.587 



13,667 

123,718 

21,302 

69.565 



1.139,130 



11.811 



605 
3,396 
1,963 
3,987 
1,859 

74.539 



18,942 

51,545 

4,051 

42.485 



17,604 
34,861 



30,191 



1,590 
135 

5,381 
833 

7,736 

4,475 



3,311 

151 
2,902 
1,391 
4,919 



23,145 



281 



18 
51 
19 
115 
78 

737 



176 

496 

65 

1,197 



775 
422 



339 



4 
24 
69 
16 
145 
81 



2,716 

10,810 

30,436 

3,802 

5,473 

12,902 

23,179 

192 

195.150 



88,633 

332 

58,557 

41,756 

5,983 



2.067.649 



14.223 



915 
1,420 
4,053 
5,165 
2,669 

107.330 



23,782 

74,857 

9,181 

55.043 



9,974 
45,069 

32.559 



1,697 
391 
8,452 
2,817 
12,355 
6,447 



XIX 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 
lish- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 
(irm 


Employees 
{ full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


yULL-SSRVICE AND T.nJTTED-FONCTlON 




















VffiOI.KSALERS (continued) 




















Clothing and Furnishings 

Clothing ani/oT furnishings (full line) 


3,960 


$648,881 


»88.577 


3.177 


25.383 


»46.350 


445,761 


tefl9 


473,495 


574 


65,505 


9,407 


523 


3,057 


4,976 


4,894 


82 


8,948 


Men's and boys' 


1,001 


117,443 


16,124 


874 


4,743 


8,270 


8,113 


157 


17,137 


Women's and children's 


1,085 


233,602 


31,344 


775 


8,639 


17,044 


16,901 


143 


18,253 


Furs, dressed and fur clothing 


277 


33,093 


3,919 


266 


813 


1,848 


1,800 


48 


3,772 


Hosiery 


E02 


35,657 


3,942 


173 


1,140 


1,909 


1,876 


33 


3,931 


Millinery and millinery supplies 


360 


42,161 


7,095 


236 


2,281 


3,775 


3,700 


75 


4,538 


Shoes and other footwear 


461 


121,420 


16,746 


330 


4,710 


8,528 


8,477 


51 


16,916 


Coal and Coke 


773 


368,595 


34,955 


292 


8,847 


16,464 


15,861 


603 


26,052 


Drugs (full line) 


295 


324,113 


41,274 


36 


15,077 


22,465 


22,399 


66 


55,348 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 


1,268 


123,469 


25,760 


774 


8,010 


12,420 


12,212 


208 


13,206 


342 


29,S54 


4,644 


229 


1,964 


2,701 


2,665 


36 


3,998 


Patent medicines 


215 


21,995 


4,110 


111 


1,110 


1,898 


1,855 


43 


1,356 


Toilet articles and preparations 


426 


40,671 


11,140 


256 


3,465 


5,536 


5,443 


93 


3,822 


All other 


285 


31,249 


5,666 


178 


1,471 


2,285 


2,249 


36 


4,030 


Dry Goods (full line) 


305 


265,724 


38,426 


164 


14,272 


22,030 


21,944 


86 


46,295 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 


3,301 


719j676 


82,228 


2,477 


22,652 


43,398 


42,919 


479 


118,548 


915 


96,778 


17,876 


712 


6,082 


10,387 


10,251 


136 


16,740 


Piece goods 


1,875 


593,867 


59,691 


1,304 


14,908 


30,393 


30,103 


290 


96,491 


All other 


513 


29,031 


4,661 


461 


1,662 


2,618 


2,565 


53 


5,317 


Electrical Goods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 


2,438 


576,542 


99,460 


1,051 


30,088 


52,495 


51,924 


571 


75j^424 


419 


184,233 


26,933 


39 


8,405 


14,787 


14,697 


90 


26,669 


Apparatus and equipment 


199 


20,931 


4,415 


104 


1,719 


2,643 


2,595 


48 


3,041 


Wiring supplies and construction material 


734 


76,859 


14,455 


354 


5,331 


8,352 


8,136 


216 


13,053 


Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


1,086 


294,519 


53,657 


554 


14,633 


26,713 


26,496 


217 


32,661 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 


2,199 


1,562,487 


105,198 


1,557 


21,693 


34,200 


31,953 


2,247 


235,379 


263 


518,244 


34,807 


206 


2,406 


5,204 


5,062 


142 


68,582 


Grain 


474 


483,949 


27,080 


234 


5,888 


9,983 


9,764 


219 


74,997 


Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 


874 


189,342 


15,282 


696 


3,668 


7,004 


6,703 


301 


24,266 


Horses and mules 


9 


1,056 


148 


13 


29 


36 


36 


~ 


85 


Livestock 


26 


2,557 


329 


28 


113 


167 


154 


13 


316 


Silk (raw) 


16 


67,393 


2,059 


9 


223 


879 


877 


2 


9,229 


Tobacco (leaf) 


224 


73,938 


10,732 


137 


6,071 


5,156 


3,801 


1,355 


25,532 


Wool and mohair 


135 


156,173 


9,261 


121 


1,439 


3,442 


3,313 


129 


24,827 


All other 


178 


59,835 


5,500 


113 


1,856 


2,329 


2,243 


86 


7,545 


Fane Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 


11.188 


1.941.059 


213.552 


10.128 


77.316 


107.165 


104, U8 


3,047 


47.140 


2,178 


427,966 


72,198 


1,284 


25,161 


37,459 


37,111 


348 


9,833 


Poultry and poultry products 


1,778 


230,602 


18,124 


1,712 


7,750 


8,517 


7,999 


518 


5,884 


Dairy and poultry products 


1,019 


304,576 


24,995 


822 


8,373 


12,912 


12,571 


341 


8,229 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


6,164 


972,532 


97,704 


6,265 


35,813 


47,973 


46,133 


1,840 


22,895 


All other 


49 


5,383 


531 


45 


219 


304 


304 


~ 


299 


Faim Supplies 
Feed 


1.433 


281.731 


35,100 


892 


12,739 


16.566 


15,840 


726 


33.213 


951 


149,087 


14,001 


633 


5,524 


6,768 


6,572 


196 


11,244 


Fertilizer 


78 


32,015 


3,289 


50 


562 


1,006 


970 


36 


2,909 


Seeds 


354 


90,759 


16,848 


186 


6,290 


8,348 


7,682 


466 


16,289 


All other 


50 


9,870 


962 


23 


363 


444 


416 


28 


771 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 


1.959 


243.457 


43.345 


1,335 


13.978 


23,106 


22,737 


369 


50,742 


321 


33,497 


8,226 


196 


2,728 


4,577 


4,532 


45 


6,657 


Floor coverings 


366 


89,021 


12,321 


202 


3,551 


6,144 


6,086 


58 


22,559 


Furniture (household and office) 


375 


38,164 


7,626 


249 


2,542 


4,074 


3,971 


103 


5,917 


House furnishings (except as specified] 


784 


59,327 


11,151 


643 


3,875 


6,051 


5,917 


134 


11,746 


Uusical Instruments and sheet music 


113 


13,448 


4,021 


45 


1,282 


2,260 


2,231 


29 


3,863 


General Merchandise 


209 


361,647 


28,076 


122 


9,266 


13,942 


13,782 


160 


34,052 


Groceries (full line) 


3,833 


1,953,762 


173,757 


1,443 


67,563 


98,077 


97,352 


725 


242,071 


(continued on next page) 





















' Includea no compensation for proprietors and iirm member* of uniDCorporalcd busineasca. 



XX 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 












UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 


Nel 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 
( Including 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










lish. 




pay loll) 


firm 


time). Avg. 










ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-Ume 


(add 000) 


FULL-SEBVICE AND LDJITED-FDNCTION 




















WHOLESALERS (continued) 




















Orocorles and Foods (epeeialty lines) 
Canned goods 


12.156 


$1,682,961 


$209,791 


10,434 


79.646 


$108,429 


$105,838 


$2,591 


$132,811 


291 


77,222 


10,556 


222 


2,608 


4,280 


4,280 




9,724 


Coffee, tea and sploes 


964 


220,488 


36,029 


591 


11,631 


18,547 


18,400 


147 


25,493 


Confectionery 


2,070 


111,867 


13,447 


1,986 


6,598 


7,602 


7,381 


221 


9,198 


Fish and sea foods 


1,285 


120,054 


22,337 


1,078 


8,497 


11,481 


10,925 


556 


6,510 


Flour 


505 


77,909 


• 7,369 


365 


2,459 


3,413 


2,835 


578 


5,005 


Meats and meat products 


2,218 


441,852 


46,634 


2,171 


16,283 


24,847 


24,415 


432 


12,583 


Soft drinks 


429 


20,815 


3,936 


333 


1,636 


2,150 


2,075 


75 


1,486 


Sugar 


126 


62,382 


3,260 


57 


1,154 


1,702 


1,640 


62 


3,498 


Other food and grocery specialties 


4,268 


550,372 


66,223 


3,631 


28,780 


34,407 


33,887 


520 


59,314 


Hardware 

Hardware (full lino) 


1,129 


428,249 


77.981 


454 


30,741 


46,178 


45,851 


327 


106,980 


610 


387,020 


69,255 


137 


27,387 


41,214 


40,980 


234 


97,427 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


519 


41,229 


8,726 


317 


3,354 


4,964 


4,871 


93 


9,553 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


1.801 


180,685 


35.481 


1.300 


11.105 


19.185 


18.973 


212 


47.213 


224 


42,107 


6,999 


174 


2,031 


3,513 


3,470 


43 


12,700 


Clocks and watches 


160 


29,198 


5,230 


110 


1,044 


2,542 


2,483 


59 


4,045 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


274 


27,732 


3,256 


280 


568 


1,272 


1,252 


20 


12,759 


Other jewelry specialties 


758 


53,834 


9,678 


611 


3,098 


5,354 


5,284 


70 


13,141 


Optical goods 


385 


27,814 


10,318 


125 


4,364 


6,504 


6,484 


20 


4,568 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


2.817 


491,857 


82,051 


1,251 


27,245 


42.813 


40,839 


1.974 


63.652 


504 


75,051 


16,162 


212 


5,758 


8,740 


8,134 


606 


10,733 


Lumber and millwork 


1,597 


339,092 


48,013 


701 


15,170 


24,356 


23,633 


723 


41,410 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


119 


8,732 


1,882 


48 


577 


943 


908 


35 


1,414 


Cement , lime and plaster 


130 


18,956 


3,424 


54 


1,220 


1,757 


1,689 


68 


1,532 


Class 


262 


21,638 


6,684 


154 


2,707 


4,080 


3,864 


216 


5,300 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


110 


10,257 


2,920 


50 


952 


1,434 


1,293 


141 


1,040 


All other 


95 


17,131 


2,966 


32 


861 


1,503 


1,318 


185 


2,223 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
.Commercial mchnry., eqpt. and spls. 


7,198 


835.647 


171,511 


3,705 


57,140 


95,410 


93.625 


1.785 


157.474 




















Office (except furniture) 


194 


14,308 


4,194 


131 


1,656 


2,472 


2,425 


47 


2,040 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


673 


44,860 


11,757 


464 


4,443 


6,738 


6,589 


149 


7,567 


All other 


68 


5,195 


1,090 


39 


402 


656 


646 


10 


585 


Farm and dairy machinery and equipnent 


336 


45,250 


8,153 


181 


2,818 


4,327 


4,237 


90 


9,047 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


189 


79,828 


15,176 


20 


5,282 


8,800 


8,735 


65 


■18,420 


Belting, hose and packing 


168 


12,281 


3,092 


66 


959 


1,779 


1,750 


29 


1,976 


Power transmission equipment 


66 


6,778 


1,610 


21 


530 


918 


896 


22 


1,353 


Rope, cordage and twine 


56 


14,087 


1,535 


33 


465 


952 


941 


11 


1,394 


All other 


1,028 


102,508 


21,282 


552 


7,248 


12,240 


11,985 


255 


17,379 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building) 


277 


53,831 


10,310 


87 


3,027 


5,358 


5,251 


107 


8,646 


Machine tools 


79 


10,689 


1,852 


41 


603 


1,091 


1,077 


14 


2,259 


Mining and quarrying 


87 


11,184 


2,098 


37 


717 


1,210 


1,183 


27 


2,586 


Oil well and oil refining 


759 


152,273 


16,799 


157 


4,650 


8,163 


7,889 


274 


27,168 


Power plant 


65 


5,806 


1,328 


40 


444 


799 


771 


28 


867 


Textile 


48 


5,149 


1,333 


20 


453 


862 


854 


8 


874 


Used machinery and equipment 


192 


11,851 


3,323 


143 


1,235 


1,821 


1,736 


85 


2,891 


All other 


354 


24,292 


5,379 


205 


2,143 


3,728 


3,611 


117 


4,816 


Professional equipnent and supplies 




















Dental 


256 


23,202 


6,528 


110 


2,416 


4,120 


4,100 


20 


6,406 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


203 


26,033 


7,410 


78 


2,313 


4,286 


4,263 


23 


4,481 


All other 


252 


30,121 


7,513 


139 


2,553 


3,999 


3,937 


62 


7,021 


Service equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


645 


38,348 


12,063 


470 


4,495 


6,733 


6,664 


69 


7,838 


Latindry 


138 


21,768 


4,802 


35 


1,276 


2,581 


2,551 


30 


2,688 


Upholsterers' 


200 


25,536 


5,887 


101 


1,746 


3,033 


2,989 


44 


6,764 


All other 


623 


34,516 


8,457 


411 


3,359 


5,046 


4,937 


109 


6,005 


Transportation equipment and supplies 














- „_ 






Aircraft and aeronautical 


15 


1,445 


285 


3 


108 


191 


189 


2 


323 


Railroad 


33 


16,588 


3,691 


7 


601 


1,535 


1,515 


20 


1,522 


Boats (including motor, sail & steam) 


71 


5,447 


1,094 


47 


372 


611 


603 


8 


1,245 


All other 


123 


12,373 


2,470 


67 


826 


1,361 


1,301 


60 


3,313 


(continued on next page) 





















compensation (or proprielora and firm mctnberi of unincorporated buiineues. 



XXI 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1.--SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

ol 

otab- 

li>h 

ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 0001 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 

pay Toll ' 

(add 000! 


Active 
proprie- 
ors and 

firm 
members 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


jmX-SSRVICE AND T.TMTTKD-TONCTION 
WHOLESALEBS (contlnuad) 

Metals and Metal Woric (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 
Structural Iron and steel 
Wire, wire fence and wire rope 
Copper 

Sheet metal products 
Other metals and metal woi4c 


810 


^81.996 


*37.315 


307 


10.623 


$19,324 


$19,026 


$298 


$39,939 


345 

93 

61 

19 

179 

113 


114,884 

18.965 

7,759 

4,635 

40,243 

95,510 


20,572 
3,877 
1,152 
488 
6,253 
4,973 


121 
22 
30 
12 
78 
44 


5,078 
1,541 
477 
145 
2,155 
1,227 


9,994 
2,342 
655 
262 
3,402 
2,669 


9,915 
2,291 
590 
261 
3,341 
2,628 


79 
51 
65 
1 
61 
41 


16,719 

3,358 

1,078 

667 

5,520 

12,597 


Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 
Fine or printing and writing paper 
Stationery and stationery supplies 
Wall paper 


2,549 


408,935 


74.843 


1,417 


25,605 


44.459 


43.957 


502 


57.933 


1,572 
211 
504 
262 


291,576 
62,540 

38,209 
16,610 


49,837 

11,153 

8,487 

5,366 


914 

54 

337 

112 


17,307 
3,197 
3,359 
1,742 


30,149 
6,764 
5,003 
2,543 


29,869 
6,730 
4,876 
2,482 


280 
34 

127 
61 


39,320 
8,689 
6,411 
3,513 


Petroleum and Its Products 


674 


132,399 


17,137 


389 


4,437 


8,089 


7,977 


112 


6,485 


Plumbing and Heating Bqpt. and Spls. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 
Heating (Including stoves and ranges) 
Plumbing fixtures, equipment and spls. 
All other 


1,743 


243.173 


48,202 


636 


16.919 


26.851 


26.396 


455 


50,812 


508 
224 
865 
146 


119,862 
24,682 
88,465 
10,164 


22,480 
5,623 

17,531 
2,568 


63 
103 
392 

78 


7,729 

1,850 

6,369 

971 


12,321 
3,157 
9,744 
1,629 


12,167 
3,098 
9,533 
1,598 


154 
59 

211 
31 


26,4&i 

4,547 

18,391 

1,420 


Tobacco and Its Products (except loaf) 


2,253 


783,368 


42,853 


1,859 


14,687 


21,547 


21,315 


232 


40,902 


Waste Materials 

Iron and steel scrap 
Junk and scrap (full line) 
Waste paper, rags and rubber 
Nonferrous metals 


4.793 


399.664 


58.093 


4.405 


29.461 


30.482 


29.230 


1.252 


34.117 


1,456 

1,537 

1,578 

222 


166,181 
79,537 

125,994 
27,952 


20,731 

13,288 

21,587 

2,487 


1,320 

1,541 

1,369 

175 


9,059 

8,236 

11,413 

753 


10,525 
7,131 

11,673 
1,153 


10,080 
6,679 

11,349 
1,122 


445 
452 
324 

31 


14,845 
8,293 
9,528 

1,451 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 

Flowers and nursery stock 

Forest products (except lumber) 

Leather and leather goods 

Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 

Rubber (crude) 

Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yams 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 


4,184 


550,233 


72,850 


3.052 


26.352 


39.250 


38.275 


975 


68.711 


636 

539 

550 

1,057 

77 

27 

305 
175 

818 


108,550 
25,124 
80,373 

104,873 
43,212 
62,436 

35,445 
41,562 
48,658 


20,454 
5,048 
8,497 

13,834 
3,409 
2,761 

5,263 
3,800 
9,784 


338 
482 
437 
856 
36 
5 

262 

115 
521 


9,060 
1,934 
2,873 
4,487 
674 
333 

2,392 
1,183 
3,416 


12,005 
2,593 
4,492 
7,208 
1,635 
1,077 

2,972 
1,999 
5,269 


11,687 
2,513 
4,354 
7,106 
1,626 
1,077 

2,889 
1,949 
5,074 


318 

80 

138 

102 

9 

83 

50 

195 


8,445 
1,367 
8,355 

18,235 
5,527 

12,255 

4,590 
4,100 
5,837 


MANUFACTOHESS' SALES BRANCHES 


U.634 


7.446.014 


881.155 


299 


211,280 


402,706 


398,738 


3.966 


596,558 


(WITH STOCJCS) 

Amusement and Sporting Qoods 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


241 


102.090 


19,228 




5,456 


9.304 


9,282 


22 


11.836 


93 
56 

16 
74 


42,408 

14,863 

4,838 

39,981 


8,395 
4,485 
1,046 
5,302 


~ 


2,471 
992 
275 

1,718 


4,710 

1,414 

494 

2,686 


4,704 

1,405 

489 

2,684 


6 
9 
5 

2 


4,297 

2,459 

723 

4,357 


Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 


896 


1.261.865 


90.159 


6 


23,611 


45.242 


44.867 


375 


68.563 


432 
193 
271 


1,006,177 

46,950 

208,738 


57,474 

7,690 

24,995 


6 


15,340 
1,989 
6,282 


28,633 

3,900 

12,709 


28,397 

3,876 

12,594 


236 

24 

115 


44,930 

5,198 

18,435 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquor 


377 


265,812 


37,390 


6 


5.284 


11.533 


U.468 


65 


19,759 


261 
116 


68,275 
197,537 


13,319 
24,071 


6 


2,697 
2,587 


4,979 
6,554 


4,954 
6,514 


25 
40 


2,501 
17,258 


Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


561 


427.535 


64.137 


12 


10.945 


25,427 


25,179 


248 


36.117 


33 

43 

73 

265 

147 


33,614 

32,377 

122,582 

168,189 

70,773 


4,403 

4,217 

12,052 

30,531 

12,934 


2 

10 


651 

606 

1,328 

6,455 

1,905 


2,088 
1,679 
3,373 
12,802 
5,485 


2,088 
1,675 
3,361 
12,628 
5,427 


4 

12 

174 

58 


2,149 
2,435 
7,344 
19,158 
5,031 


( continued on next page ) 





















• Include* no compcntalion (or ptoprielort and Hrm members o( unincorpoteled businettes. 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



XXII 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 1. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

of 
esteb- 
litfi- 
menU 



Net 
sales 



(add 000; 



Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll ) 
(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
lime). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 



Total Fulltime Part-time 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 



MANUJACTUHSRS' SALES BRANCHBS 



( WITH STOCKS) (continued) 
Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothing and/or fumlshlngB 
Uen's and boys' 
Women's and children's 
Furs, dressed and fur clothing 
Hoslei7 

Millinery and millinery supplies 
Shoes and other footwear 

Coal end Coke 

"Drugs and Drug Sundries 
Drug specialties 
Patent medicines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 

Dry Qoods 

Electrical Goods 

Farm Products - consumer goods 

Farm Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
All other 

Furniture and House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 
All other 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Flour 

Heats and meat products . 
Soft drinks 
All other 

Hsirdvtare 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 
Optical goods 

Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and mlllwork 
Brick, tile and terra cotta 
Cement, lima and plaster 
Sand, gravel and crushed stone 
All other 

Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Comnerclal mchnry. , eqpt. and spls. 
Office (except furniture) 
Store, restaurant and hotel 
Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 



(continued on next page) 



34S 



20 

137 

103 

5 

14 

11 

55 

10 

270 



>282.16a 



8,917 

98,279 

47,808 

622 

15,550 

1,320 

111,667 

8,331 

128.468 



>34„296 

1,151 

13,219 

5,944 

65 

1,469 

244 

12,204 

1,470 

33.997 



82 



8,205 



35 
41 

4 

1 
1 



11 



347 

2,792 

1,303 

21 

473 

77 

3,192 

359 

7.050 



tl 8.195 



725 
6,533 
3,447 

a 

747 

118 

6,584 

694 

13.566 



tie. 092 



709 

6,507 

3,433 

41 

747 
117 

6,538 

692 
13.544 



♦l03 



16 
26 
14 



1 
46 



22 



♦38.915 



115 
38 
99 
18 

208 

428 

327 

74 



73,163 

23,391 

27,153 

4,761 

180,322 

349,819 

•a, 570 

31.785 



17,234 
8,485 
7,269 
1,009 

19,532 

31,685 

17,555 

4,831 



2 

4 

5 

28 
6 
5 
2 



4,198 
634 

2,070 
148 

4,690 

7,832 

4,313 

917 



8,773 

1,397 

3,063 

333 

10,207 

17,676 

7,129 

1.830 



8,766 

1,394 

3,057 

327 

10,163 

17,554 

7,056 

1.815 



7 
3 
6 
6 

44 

122 

73 

15 



30 
39 

5 

250 



2,904 

28,409 

472 

78.959 



301 

4,446 

84 

10.868 



17 



121 

774 

22 

2.473 



160 

1,621 

49 

4.980 



186 

1,610 

49 

4.921 



59 



50 

121 

72 

7 

3.102 



28,443 

32,292 

15,867 

2,357 

2.252.166 



2,917 

4,276 

3,106 

589 

202.190 



6 
10 

1 

32 



544 

1,112 

706 

111 

51,576 



1,116 

2,251 

1,315 

298 

87.265 



230 

14 

81 

165 

937 

31 

1,644 

62 

249 



161,838 

12,338 

37,096 

122,086 

1,080,929 

6,343 

831,036 

18,327 

91.458 



21,418 
2,373 
3,626 
7,537 
64,497 
2,590 
100,149 

2,770 

10,921 



3 
3 

11 
5 

10 



10 



4,348 

322 

974 

2,197 

22,650 

732 

20,353 

714 

3.102 



43 
206 



261 



72,507 
18,951 

11B.792 



45 
38 
44 
27 

4 
103 

2.642 



32,474 
13,185 
5,403 
11,452 
118 
50,159 

693.362 



955 

81 

252 



108,920 

18,935 

193,308 



3,722 
7,199 

1 3.684 



10 



5,623 
2,295 
1,156 
2,452 
32 
7,126 

145.642 



34,510 

5,662 

35,280 



753 
2,349 

5.510 



1 
28 



1,272 

565 

276 

403 

16 

2,978 

43.085 



13,308 
1,542 
8,873 



3,701 
573 

1,910 

3,746 
33,540 

1,344 
37,351 

1,453 

5.365 



1,824 
3,542 

10.253 



2,732 

1,198 

549 

953 

19 

4,802 

83.199 



26,701 

2,766 

14,041 



1,093 

2,222 

1,308 

298 

86.224 



3,489 
665 

1,896 

3,695 
33,084 

1,269 
57,126 

1,^.43 

5.357 



23 

29 

7 



1.041 



212 

3 

14 

51 

456 
75 

225 

10 



1,317 
3,540 

9.815 



2,732 

1,186 

535 

948 

15 

4,400 

32.282 



26,572 

2,550 

13,691 



437 



12 

14 

5 

4 

402 

917 



129 
216 
350 



1,172 

16,707 

4,467 

75 

1,429 

158 

14,887 

261 

11.924 



7,440 

1,502 

2,714 

263 

36,700 

21,300 

2,527 

2.679 



200 
2,398 
81 

8.739 



4,277 

1,820 

1,989 

653 



11,090 

352 

2,125 

5,410 

30,433 

573 

32,252 

3,954 

11.405 



7,995 
3,410 

13.485 



2,385 
3,352 
794 
1,812 
32 
5,050 

112.269 



11,838 

1,424 

38,146 



■ Indudca no compenwtion (or proprietors and firm member* ol untncor|>orated buunesftes. 



XXIII 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE l.-SAI FS, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 


Number 

ol 
estab- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 


Active 
proprie- 
ors and 


Employees 
I tull-lime 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 


Kind ol Business 


lish- 


pay roll ) 


firm 
members 


time). Avg. 
(or year 


Total 


Full-time 


■*art-time 


of year 




ments 


ladd 000- 


(add 000) 








(add 000) 


Machinery, Equipment and Spls. (continued] 




















Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


7 


»3,693 


$563 


— 


237 


»346 


»345 


»1 


»979 


Belting, hose and packing 


51 


26,869 


3,479 


3 


975 


2,132 


2,114 


18 


1,787 


Power transBilsslon equipment 


81 


7,206 


1,064 


— 


389 


716 


710 


5 


784 


Rope, cordage and twine 


18 


6,863 


707 


— 


134 


339 


307 


32 


1,184 


Jill other 


316 


95,162 


16,262 


1 


5,140 


9,214 


9,200 


14 


13,712 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building 


81 


18,645 


3,160 


— 


676 


1,493 


1,489 


4 


2,227 


Uachlne tools 


21 


7,369 


1,103 


— 


269 


514 


514 


— 


583 


Mining and quarrying 


52 


22,179 


2,970 


— 


517 


1,705 


1,704 


1 


1,588 


Oil well and oil refining 


150 


28,038 


2,796 


4 


752 


1,392 


1,346 


46 


8,507 


Power plant 


9 


5,919 


624 


— 


124 


296 


295 


1 


306 


Textile 


20 


16,068 


4,991 


— 


1,264 


3,617 


3,617 


— 


2,150 


All other 


91 


41,422 


7,833 


— 


2,722 


5,115 


5,089 


26 


11,959 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


38 


11,220 


2,680 


— 


770 


1,486 


1,486 


— 


2,334 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


117 


18,869 


4,269 


2 


1,043 


2,250 


2,249 


1 


3,288 


All other 


24 


3,789 


848 


— 


274 


553 


552 


1 


444 


Service equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


18 


3,598 


1,042 


5 


204 


454 


448 


6 


161 


Laundry 


50 


14,871 


3,648 


— 


875 


2,306 


2,250 


58 


2,719 


Upholsterers' 


43 


6,192 


1,304 


— 


265 


555 


565 


— 


937 


All other 


158 


31,315 


9,907 


6 


2,471 


4,580 


4,673 


7 


4,870 


Transportation equipment and supplies 


9 


2,911 


940 


— 


161 


516 


515 


~ 


242 


Metals and Metal ilork (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


271 


243,350 


23.986 


5 


7,041 


12.685 


12,615 


70 


42,027 


110 


108,011 


13,342 





3,984 


5,993 


6,950 


43 


17,516 


Structural iron and steel 


43 


22,063 


3,325 


1 


1,258 


2,108 


2,106 


2 


5,710 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


50 


27,282 


2,094 


2 


517 


1,050 


1,032 


18 


2,U4 


Sheet metal products 


23 


19,350 


2,341 


1 


662 


896 


894 


2 


1,645 


All other 


45 


66,644 


2,883 


1 


620 


1,538 


1,533 


5 


14,942 


Paper and Its Products 


206 


150,420 


18,490 


5 


4,433 


9,168 


9,148 


20 


14,354 


Petroleum and Its Products 


56 


18,175 


3,801 


~ 


814 


1,910 


1,904 


6 


1,981 


Plumbing and Heating Equlpmaat and Spls, 


367 


102,251 


21,310 


8 


6,313 


9,701 


9,461 


240 


17,885 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


65 


407,526 


50,103 


7 


3,380 


7,007 


7,007 


~ 


12,261 


All Other Products 

Books, periodiceds and newspapers 


366 


167,468 


18.090 


19 


4.177 


8.915 


8.846 


58 


24.872 


46 


19,531 


5,493 


3 


1,362 


2,774 


2,772 


2 


4,999 


Forest prodtcts (except lumbar) 


39 


12,170 


1,678 


1 


357 


707 


693 


14 


2,017 


Laathsr and leather goods 


90 


59,745 


4,239 


6 


942 


2,141 


2,118 


23 


8,105 


Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 


29 


29,639 


1,026 


— 


162 


441 


441 


— 


1,021 


Textiles and materials other than 




















dry goods 


25 


19,389 


2,208 


— 


398 


1,213 


1,212 


1 


.5,045 


Yarns 


17 


18,915 


1,480 


1 


372 


759 


759 


— 


2,897 


Uiscellaneous kinds of business 


118 


8,079 


1,966 


8 


584 


881 


853 


28 


788 


MANOTwCTUEKHS' SALES OFFICES 


4,196 


3,620.074 


239.889 


149 


42.895 


105.093 


105.266 


827 




(IXTHDDT STOCKS) 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 
Moving picture films 


140 


119,173 


19,255 


1 


5,552 


10,311 


10,309 


2 


._ 


131 


84,930 


12,127 


— 


4,SS9 


5,444 


fi,442 


S 


— 


All other 


9 


34,243 


7,138 


1 


1,483 


3,867 


3,867 


— 


— 


Automotive 


36 


53,549 


3,575 


— 


688 


1,687 


1,685 


1 


~ 


Beer, lines and Liquors 


37 


81,280 


9,248 


— 


928 


2,470 


2,470 


— 


— 


Chemicals and Paints 


209 


190,157 


18,822 


1 


2,484 


7,164 


7,127 


37 


~ 


Clothing and Furnishings 


208 


101,042 


7,572 


52 


1,286 


3,823 


3,7B4 


39 


— 


Coal and Coke 


6 


11,526 


348 


— 


48 


136 


136 


— 


~ 


(continued on next page) 





















comperiMtion (or proprielon and finii rocmben of unincorporated buMne««e«. 



XXIV 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1.--SAI FS, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind oi Business 


Number 

of 

estab- 

li.h. 

ments 


Net 
sales 

(add ODD) 


Operating Active 
expenses proprie- 

( including tors and 
pay roll ) lirm 

(add 000) members 


Employees 
( full-time 


Pay Rolf 

(add ODD) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


ime). Avg. 
for year 


Total 


Full-time 


""art-time 


MANWACTURERS' SALffi OFFICBS 


31 


|9,940 


#2,135 


8 


518 


♦l,024 


#1,014 


»10 




(WITHOUT STOCKS) (eontlnuad) 
Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


133 


P.25,476 


S,1S2 


9 




4,491 


4,47H 


19 


„ 


22 

107 

4 


11,818 

212,323 

1,335 


787 
7,154 

241 


2 

5 
2 


266 

1,315 

104 


586 

3,806 

99 


586 

3,788 
98 


18 

1 


~ 


Electrical Goods 


263 


137,180 


8,367 


1 


1,655 


4,377 


4,285 


92 


— 


Tarm Products - consumer goods 


5 


3,350 


696 


— 


57 


109 


109 


~ 


— 


Farm Supplies 


33 


17,043 


2,293 


1 


343 


673 


651 


22 


— 


Furniture and House Furnishings 


114 


56,079 


4,547 


17 


598 


1,643 


1,635 


8 


~ 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 


206 


253,777 


34,223 


6 


3,243 


7,010 


7,004 


6 


— 


Hardware 


31 


10,072 


926 


1 


216 


541 


540 


1 


~ 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 


41 


6,515 


644 


7 


146 


402 


400 


2 


— 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


277 


169,299 


18,868 


6 


4,421 


9,994 


9,932 


62 


— 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Commercial mchnry. , eqpt. and spls. 
Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 
Industrial equipment and supplies 
Industrial machinery 
Professional equipment and supplies 
Service equipment and supplies 
Transportation equipment and supplies 


1,146 


492,453 


31,111 


19 


6,714 


17.847 


17.516 


231 


__ 


316 

9 

312 

345 

44 

72 

48 


21,647 

686 

272,174 

98,949 

3,686 

35,779 

59,592 


4,823 
149 
9,301 
10,821 
1,216 
2,624 
2,177 


9 
6 
4 


1,649 

43 

1,617 

2,261 

294 

501 

349 


3,653 
56 
4,598 
6,234 
689 
1,284 
1,333 


3,523 
56 
4,579 
6,159 
689 
1,281 
1,329 


130 

19 
75 

3 

4 


— 


Ketals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


476 


1,021,883 


29,371 


4 


5,502 


15,703 


15,625 


78 


— 


Paper and Its Products 


181 


136,843 


7,988 


3 


1,069 


3,282 


3,195 


87 


— 


Petroleum and Its PToducts 


25 


46,880 


7,017 


1 


955 


2,350 


2,350 


~ 


~ 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 


178 


22,954 


3,130 


3 


666 


1,497 


1,441 


56 




Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


128 


316,336 


7,993 


1 


1,356 


2,781 


2,781 


~ 


~ 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Forest products (except lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry goods 
Yarns 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 


292 


137.267 


13.568 


8 


2.765 


6.778 


6.704 


74 


_. 


106 

70 

22 

6 

15 
22 
51 


31,788 

29,751 

10,620 

6,513 

6,950 

46,254 

5,391 


7,909 

1,599 

522 

205 

477 
1,416 
1,440 


2 
2 
2 

2 


1,716 

339 

127 

33 

89 
223 
238 


3,663 

1,051 

320 

130 

281 
681 
652 


3,660 

1,049 

319 

130 

271 
630 
645 


3 
2 

1 

10 

51 

7 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 


27,333 


2,704,047 


391,095 


3,546 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


#157687 


Petroleum and Its Products 
AGENTS AND BROKERS 


18,147 


8^08,076 


256,749 


14,950 


68.285 


129.866 


125,415 


4.451 


86,565 


Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras k motion picture eqpt. & spls. 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and flreworkfl 
All other 


245 


23.931 


3.277 


216 


807 


1.542 


1.514 


28 


333 


13 
40 
19 
137 
36 


1,449 
4,291 
2,260 
13,065 
2,866 


126 
1,641 

112 
1,185 

213 


7 

19 

22 

138 

30 


44 
310 

28 
362 

63 


87 
708 

37 
590 
120 


86 
704 

35 
578 
111 


1 
4 
2 
12 
9 


55 
18 
34 
193 
33 


Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equlpnant 
Tires and tubes 


448 


66,681 


4,038 


397 


995 


1,691 


1.647 


44 


2.423 


32 

392 

24 


14,970 

45,393 

6,318 


616 
2,300 
1,122 


26 

350 

21 


157 

747 

91 


305 

1,213 

173 


304 

1,172 

171 


1 

41 

2 


239 

912 

1,272 


(continued on next page) 





















« IntJudea no compcnMtion for proprielort knd Hrm ni«inb«r» of unincorporated busineue*. 



XXV 



CENSUS OF 


WHOl FSALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operatmg 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll* 




Stocks on 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 0001 


expenses 

( including 

pay toll 

(add 0001 


proprie- 
ors and 

firm 
members 


( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


ladd 000) 




hand, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BR0EKB3 (continued) 




















Beer, Wines and Liquora 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 


73 


$21,473 


$916 


49 


230 


$482 


$477 


$5 


$334 


5 


95 


4 


6 


2 


2 


2 







Wines and liquors 


66 


21,378 


912 


43 


228 


480 


475 


5 


334 


Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 


420 


98.427 


9,857 


290 


1.083 


2.540 


2.460 


80 


1.557 


7 


1,102 


104 


2 


21 


64 


62 


2 


2 


Explosives 


9 


335 


64 


3 


20 


27 


26 


1 


16 


Industrial chemicals 


75 


28,107 


1,406 


47 


266 


744 


736 


8 


584 


Naval stores 


35 


15,198 


813 


15 


165 


403 


402 


1 


376 


Paints snd varnishes 


70 


6,524 


431 


51 


142 


275 


249 


26 


31 


All other 


224 


47,161 


7,039 


172 


469 


1,027 


985 


42 


548 


Clothing and Furnishings 

Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 


1.203 


417.123 


13.033 


1.133 


3.734 


7.807 


7.722 


85 


786 


163 


71,941 


2,710 


153 


723 


1,667 


1,659 


e 


74 


Men's and boys* 


177 


29,812 


1,222 


178 


312 


647 


637 


10 


155 


Women's and children's 


536 


231,878 


6,082 


485 


1,926 


3,885 


3,837 


48 


171 


Furs, dressed and fur clothing 


74 


9,766 


374 


76 


99 


153 


150 


3 


196 


Hosiery 


87 


47,741 


1,735 


75 


400 


1,035 


1,033 


2 


65 


Millinery and millinery supplies 


99 


15,256 


609 


101 


185 


298 


295 


3 


94 


Shoes and other footwear 


67 


10,729 


301 


65 


89 


122 


111 


11 


31 


Coal and Coke 


440 


427,346 


25,300 


82 


3,874 


10,087 


9,911 


176 


12,443 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 


140 


26.894 


1.854 


123 


643 


1,078 


1.071 


7 


194 


38 


10,365 


445 


32 


145 


248 


245 


3 


92 


Patent medicines 


21 


3,863 


414 


18 


120 


271 


270 


1 


2 


Toilet articles and preparations 


59 


6,948 


548 


53 


229 


280 


277 


3 


37 


All other 


22 


5,718 


447 


20 


149 


279 


279 


— 


63 


Dry Goods (full line) 


14 


23,061 


289 


11 


78 


174 


173 


1 


5 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 


938 


1.015.100' 


28.403 


814 


5.851 


15.817 


15.723 


94 


12.528 


113 


28,003 


3,787 


106 


743 


1,466 


1,449 


17 


4,654 


Piece goods 


767 


981,461 


24,397 


650 


5,044 


14,252 


14,177 


75 


7,854 


All other 


58 


5,636 


219 


58 


64 


99 


97 


2 


20 


Electrical Goods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 


638 


45,863 


3,367 


534 


1.221 


1.832 


1.775 


57 


1,762 


7 


1,269 


68 


6 


25 


38 


34 


4 


24 


Apparatus and equipment 


148 


9,367 


716 


113 


270 


417 


408 


9 


338 


Wiring supplies and construction materia] 


233 


20,351 


1,304 


192 


441 


722 


704 


18 


1,014 


Radios, refrigerators and Appliances 


250 


14,876 


1,279 


223 


485 


655 


629 


26 


386 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 


3.010 


2.710.088 


44.692 


2.976 


16.987 


22.004 


20.147 


1.857 


20.151 


476 


334,791 


5,589 


479 


1,054 


1,781 


1,734 


47 


8,945 


Grain 


414 


599,343 


6,066 


271 


1,465 


3,198 


3,161 


37 


798 


Hides, skins and furs (raw) 


183 


54,667 


1,705 


154 


479 


947 


909 


38 


1,290 


Horses and mules 


89 


35,095 


1,427 


100 


541 


515 


447 


68 


341 


Livestock 


1,262 


1,243,651 


17,437 


1,381 


6,781 


9,214 


8,613 


601 


2,466 


Silk (raw) 


14 


8,223 


179 


8 


31 


83 


82 


1 


103 


Tobacco (leaf) 


368 


229,467 


8,873 


397 


6,046 


4,959 


3,932 


1,027 


2,095 


Wool and mohair 


130 


102,277 


1,970 


125 


365 


763 


730 


33 


2,604 


All other 


74 


92,574 


1,446 


61 


225 


544 


539 


5 


1,509 


Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 


1.484 


766.282 


28.907 


1.182 


8.123 


14.989 


14.420 


569 


5.109 


35 


30,285 


585 


25 


95 


271 


265 


6 


153 


Poultry and poultry products 


163 


76,601 


2,668 


126 


756 


1,494 


1,411 


83 


753 


Dairy and poultry products 


68 


52,462 


1,018 


40 


251 


481 


465 


16 


542 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1,211 


604,514 


24,482 


986 


6,965 


12,664 


12,200 


464 


3,580 


All other 


7 


2,420 


154 


5 


56 


79 


79 


— 


81 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 


287 


87.342 


2.218 


249 


529 


975 


948 


£7 


342 


143 


56,115 


1,430 


118 


312 


614 


599 


15 


86 


Fertilizer 


125 


27,513 


649 


115 


173 


284 


272 


12 


191 


Seeds 


12 


2,976 


98 


8 


32 


61 


61 


— 


39 


All other 


7 


738 


41 


8 


12 


16 


16 




26 


(continued on next pa^e) 





















<■ Indudea no coinpenMtion for proprielora knd firm mcmbara of unincorporated buaineuo. 



XXVI 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


, PAY ROLL AND 


STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenfles 
( including 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 


Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 










lish, 
ments 


(add 000 1 


pay roll ] 
{add 000) 


firm 
members 


time). Avg. 
for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


AGENTS AND BROKSRS (continued) 


438 


$75,283 


»4,026 


362 


1,181 


»2,352 


♦2,278 


»74 


»1.485 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery- 


82 


10,466 


731 


63 


216 


446 


430 


16 


25 


Floor coverings 


64 


18,175 


917 


38 


244 


575 


553 


22 


1,027 


Furniture (household and office) 


136 


14,420 


1,235 


123 


408 


717 


692 


25 


307 


House furnishings (except as specified) 


143 


31,900 


1,110 


132 


307 


503 


592 


11 


119 


Musical Instruments and sheet music 


4 


322 


33 


6 


6 


11 


11 


— 


7 


General Merchandise 


69 


68,475 


2,430 


57 


658 


1,477 


1,450 


27 


245 


Groceries (full line) 


21 


11,565 


262 


17 


79 


135 


135 


~ 


120 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


2,219 


1,796,819 


26,516 


1.743 


7,044 


14,602 


14,408 


194 


11,233 


482 


294,404 


5,887 


356 


1,563 


3,305 


3,265 


41 


3,079 


Coffee, tea and spices 


142 


112,603 


1,344 


145 


330 


681 


676 


5 


77 


Confectionery 


40 


17,339 


394 


35 


84 


210 


207 


3 


19 


Fish and sea foods 


63 


33,060 


766 


46 


196 


429 


418 


11 


304 


Flour 


123 


65,606 


1,006 


119 


232 


445 


434 


11 


165 


bieats and meat products 


56 


91,120 


758 


52 


168 


385 


382 


3 


73 


Sugar 


228 


568,227 


4,641 


144 


1,070 


2,619 


2,599 


20 


1,645 


Other food and grocery specialties 


1,085 


614,460 


11,720 


846 


3,401 


6,527 


5,427 


100 


5,870 


Hardware 


288 


32,508 


2,099 


254 


548 


1,103 


1,061 


42 


428 


Hardvjare (full line) 


19 


9,201 


727 


16 


194 


386 


386 


— 


67 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


269 


23,307 


1,372 


238 


454 


717 


675 


42 


361 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


124 


6,682 


429 


119 


117 


216 


213 


3 


298 


6 


1,036 


137 


4 


32 


67 


67 


— 


40 


Clocks and watches 


7 


1,582 


71 


6 


14 


45 


45 


— 


— 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


24 


982 


27 


24 


9 


11 


11 


— 


87 


Other Jewelry specialties 


81 


2,741 


141 


82 


44 


49 


46 


3 


130 


Optical goods 


6 


341 


53 


3 


18 


44 


44 


— 


4i 


Lunber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


794 


139,147 


8.632 


553 


2.228 


4,315 


4,103 


212 


1.062 


197 


8,885 


1,218 


156 


400 


620 


525 


94 


83 


Lunber and mlllwork 


377 


99,725 


5,329 


253 


1,229 


2,534 


2,459 


75 


655 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


79 


6,413 


848 


57 


246 


433 


413 


20 


53 


Cement , lime and plaster 


18 


1,933 


196 


11 


57 


128 


119 


9 


3 


Glass 


33 


2,602 


195 


28 


65 


114 


111 


3 


26 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


47 


16,050 


572 


22 


137 


337 


335 


2 


233 


All other 


43 


3,539 


274 


26 


93 


149 


140 


.9 


9 


Machinery, Elquipment ana Supplies 
Conmeroial mohnry., eqpt. and spls. 


2.496 


210,757 


20,400 


1,922 


5,929 


11,262 


10,795 


467 


5,237 




















Office (except furniture) 


134 


4,226 


954 


117 


376 


528 


508 


20 


402 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


178 


7,318 


976 


153 


357 


503 


549 


54 


223 


All other 


29 


1,526 


299 


20 


54 


150 


158 


2 


74 


Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 


71 


3,804 


418 


61 


148 


251 


244 


7 


222 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


7 


2,579 


217 


4 


55 


152 


152 


— 


31 


Belting, hose and packing 


83 


6,691 


524 


54 


176 


325 


317 


8 


49 


Power traaamission equipment 


37 


1,937 


169 


30 


63 


88 


84 


4 


66 


Rope, cordage and twine 


37 


16,198 


702 


22 


175 


434 


427 


7 


752 


All other 


577 


45,624 


3,812 


472 


1,071 


2,043 


1,940 


103 


1,110 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building) 


97 


5,908 


650 


67 


205 


355 


347 


8 


313 


Machine tools 


97 


15,617 


1,363 


50 


295 


856 


837 


19 


85 


Mining and quarrying 


49 


3,023 


313 


36 


83 


160 


157 


3 


48 


Oil well and oil refining 


43 


7,559 


678 


29 


133 


354 


343 


11 


282 


Power plant 


160 


11,366 


1,053 


110 


328 


538 


611 


27 


194 


Textile 


24 


2,339 


157 


16 


35 


73 


71 


2 


1 


Used machinery and aquipmsnt 


26 


640 


92 


23 


23 


31 


28 


3 


32 


All other 


259 


17,618 


1,801 


199 


555 


1,032 


970 


62 


315 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


12 


232 


35 


8 


21 


24 


24 


— 


20 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


37 


2,930 


244 


30 


100 


170 


157 


3 


143 


All other 


33 


1,021 


160 


26 


52 


81 


75 


5 


51 


(continued on next page) 





















compensation lor proprietor* and fir 



orporated busineuea. 



XXVI 1 



CENSUS OF 


WHOI.F.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1.--SAI.F.S, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 


Employees 
1 full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 


lUh. 




pay roll) 


firm 


time). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-lime 


(add 000) 


Machinery, Equipment and Spls. (continued) 




















Serrlce equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


53 


#1,235 


♦254 


39 


87 


»104 


»100 


»4 


»31 


l^undz7 


13 


437 


67 


13 


28 


33 


32 


1 


36 


Upholsterers' 


57 


11 , 786 


617 


33 


162 


309 


300 


9 


60 


All other 


169 


3,477 


427 


158 


189 


210 


193 


17 


66 


Transportation equipment and supplies 




















Aircraft and aeronautical 


IE 


11,773 


1,196 


5 


136 


582 


581 


1 


319 


Railroad 


159 


22,026 


2,970 


96 


513 


1,427 


1,341 


86 


£79 


Boats (including motor, sail & steam) 


21 


933 


72 


15 


32 


49 


48 


1 


4 


All other 


22 


934 


170 


16 


37 


90 


90 




19 


Metals and Metal Work (except Bcrep) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


377 


173,229 


5.178 


282 


1.068 


2.844 


2.731 


113 


1.3£4 


173 


80,922 


2,775 


120 


524 


1,317 


1,274 


43 


926 


Structural iron and steel 


42 


5,664 


315 


28 


84 


166 


155 


11 


16 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


36 


3,966 


£49 


23 


78 


156 


148 


8 


93 


Copper 


10 


2,178 


161 


7 


44 


113 


111 


2 


30 


Sheet metal products 


27 


2,630 


105 


£7 


35 


47 


44 


3 


3 


Other metals and metal work 


89 


77,869 


1,573 


77 


303 


1,045 


999 


46 


256 


Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 


250 


38,989 


£,014 


233 


54£ 


1,084 


1.055 


29 


162 


146 


29,644 


1,5£4 


135 


392 


803 


783 


£0 


85 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


14 


6,402 


£59 


8 


50 


165 


164 


1 


4 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


85 


2,893 


228 


84 


98 


114 


106 


8 


73 


Wall paper 


5 


50 


3 


6 


2 


2 


£ 


— 


~ 


Petroleum and Its Products 


109 


72,733 


1,729 


63 


327 


867 


841 


26 


144 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 


427 


25,790 


£.680 


313 


888 


1.462 


1,409 


53 


636 


8 


738 


44 


8 


20 


18 


15 


3 


46 


Heating (including stoves and ranges) 


105 


4,248 


586 


74 


201 


334 


324 


10 


82 


Plumbing fixtures, equipment and spls. 


162 


13,262 


1,109 


129 


349 


585 


564 


21 


375 


All other 


152 


7,542 


941 


102 


318 


525 


506 


19 


133 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


9 


1,529 


49 


10 


12 


S6 


26 


-- 


1 


Waste Materials 

Iron and steel scrap 


112 


40.369 


1,930 


59 


310 


901 


891 


10 


558 


42 


25,900 


1,093 


17 


151 


535 


529 


6 


105 


Junk and scrap (full line) 


8 


684 


73 


8 


25 


27 


25 


2 


11 


Waste paper, rags and rubber 


52 


10,916 


569 


29 


108 


269 


267 


2 


£64 


Nonferrous metals 


10 


2,869 


195 


5 


26 


70 


70 


~ 


178 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 


1,084 


484.590 


12.224 


907 


3.499 


6.£0£ 


6,031 


171 


8.665 


289 


18,215 


1,854 


253 


1,418 


1,217 


1,117 


100 


1,059 


Flowers and nursery stock 


73 


9,358 


1,360 


35 


465 


749 


742 


7 


113 


Forest products (except lumber) 


74 


36,761 


1,182 


54 


219 


691 


681 


10 


1,824 


Leather and leather goods 


152 


46,846 


1.290 


147 


342 


670 


660 


10 


1,682 


Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 


69 


143,963 


1,344 


48 


190 


666 


661 


5 


297 


Rubber (crude) 


13 


72,882 


562 


10 


69 


£36 


£36 


— 


2,630 


Textiles and materials other than 




















dry goods 


31 


18,216 


367 


34 


56 


110 


108 


2 


89 


Yams 


112 


127,649 


3,304 


76 


409 


1,318 


1,304 


14 


877 


Miscellaneous kinds of business 


271 


10,700 


961 


250 


331 


545 


522 


23 


94 


ASSaSSLEBS 


26.515 


2.463.011 


166.245 


16.695 


87.378 


74,401 


62.827 


11.574 


195.150 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 


14.293 


1.493.387 


66.320 


7.802 


30.085 


28.507 


25.848 


2.659 


175,717 


1,360 


287,608 


10,913 


1,216 


2,080 


2,528 


£,319 


209 


37,910 


Grain 


8,907 


745,932 


35,568 


2,948 


17,538 


17,184 


15,708 


1,476 


56,218 


Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 


453 


13,555 


1,151 


445 


661 


558 


465 


93 


1,836 


Horses and mules 


258 


9,304 


792 


303 


383 


266 


241 


25 


497 


Livestock 


2,476 


309,774 


8,207 


£,270 


3,737 


3,299 


£,941 


358 


2,939 


Tobacco (leaf) 


261 


74,213 


6,481 


122 


4,199 


3,449 


3,167 


282 


75,057 


Wool and mohair 


135 


30,943 


1,685 


139 


310 


474 


441 


33 


456 


All other 


443 


£2,058 


1,523 


359 


1,177 


749 


566 


183 


804 


(continued on next page) 





















' Indudu no comp«nkation for proprietors and (inn membcri 



1 incorporated buainesAe*. 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



XXVlll 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind ot Business 



Number 
of 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Net 
sales 



(add 0001 



Operating 
expenses 
' including 
pay roll ' 
(add 000 i 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

(irm 
members 



Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll' 

(add 000) 



Total 



Full-time Part-time 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 



ASSEMBLERS (continued) 
Farm Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 

Poultry end poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and Tegatables (fresh) 
All other 

Farm Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 
All other 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 

All Other Products 



10.814 



2,867 
2,157 
3,479 
2,267 
44 

511 



1865.968 



178,049 

157,074 

96,270 

431,457 

3,118 

29.250 



♦87.730 



12,514 

10,187 

5,105 

59,698 

226 

2.422 



7.694 



46,553 



1,234 
1,905 
3,160 
1,375 
20 

376 



5,274 

6,648 

4,468 

32,032 

131 

1.322 



t39.999 



5,617 

5,195 

2,563 

26,509 

115 

1.170 



♦32.444 



5,428 

4,693 

2,280 

19,931 

112 

1.019 



♦7.555 



375 
42 
76 
18 

592 

305 



20,438 
1,106 
6,334 
1,372 

69,541 

4,865 



1,834 
137 
315 
136 

8,946 

827 



189 

502 

283 

6,578 

3 

151 



♦13.065 



283 



64 

1 



524 
299 



1,001 

73 

169 

79 

6,869 

549 



1,599 
2,602 
1,876 
6,878 

110 

1.574 



890 
52 

146 
82 

4,270 

455 



799 
43 

107 
70 

3,103 

413 



91 

9 

39 

12 

1,167 

42 



1,185 

35 

309 

45 

4,373 

421 



* Includes no compensation (or proprietors and (iTm members of unincorporated businesses. 

1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commission bulk tank stations, these data are 

not included. 
£/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $124,872,000, 



Vol. II - Page 1 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 1935 



STATES 



In the following pages a table is given for each state, 
showing number of establishments, net sales, operating ex- 
penses, personnel, pay roll and stocks; first by types of 
operation and then for each of 6 type-groups by 29 kinds of 
business. 

The States are arranged alphabetically: 



Page 

Alabama 3 

Arizona 5 

Arkansas 7 

California 9 

Colorado 12 

Connecticut 14 

Delaware 16 

District of Columbia 18 

Florida 20 

Georgia 22 

Idaho 25 

Illinois 27 

Indiana 30 

Iowa 32 

Kansas 34 

Kentucky 36 

Louisiana 38 

Maine 40 

Maryland 42 

Massachusetts 44 

Michigan 47 

Minnesota 50 

Mississippi 53 

Missouri 55 

Montana 58 



Page 

Nebraska 60 

Nevada 62 

New Hampshire 63 

New Jersey 64 

New Mexico 66 

New York 67 

North Carolina 70 

North Dakota 72 

Ohio 74 

Oklahoma 77 

Oregon 79 

Pennsylvania 81 

Rhode Island 84 

South Carolina 86 

South Dakota 88 

Tennessee 90 

Texas 92 

Utah 95 

Vermont 97 

Virginia 99 

Washington 101 

West Virginia 103 

Wisconsin 105 

Wyoming 107 



Vol. M - Page 2 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

CHART 1. - NET SALES BY STATES EXPRESSED AS PERCENT OF UNITED STATES TOTAL 





PERCENT 




OF U. S. 




TOTAL 


N. Y. 


25.34 


ILL. 


9.20 


CALIF. 


6.95 


PA. 


6.40 


OHIO 


4.74 


MO. 


4.23 


MASS. 


4.22 


TEXAS 


3.58 


MICH. 


3.30 


MINN. 


2.78 


TENN. 


1.74 


N. J. 


1.66 


WIS. 


1.58 


IND. 


1.53 


IOWA 


1.47 


GA. 


1.41 


WASH. 


1.41 


LA. 


1.36 


N. C. 


1.30 


NEBR. 


1.23 


VA. 


1.18 


MD. 


1.16 


OKLA. 


.94 


FLA. 


.93 


KANS. 


.93 


KY. 


.89 


OREG. 


.80 


COLO. 


.76 


CONN. 


.72 


ALA. 


.71 


S. C. 


.62 


D. C, 


.57 


W. VA. 


.54 


R. 1. 


.42 


ARK. 


.42 


MISS. 


.42 


UTAH 


.36 


N. DAK. 


.31 


ME. 


.30 


MONT. 


.28 


DEL. 


.25 


S. DAK. 


.23 


IDAHO 


.19 


ARIZ. 


.18 


N. H. 


.13 


VT. 


.13 


N. MEX 


.11 


WYO. 


.06 


NEV. 


.04 



10 

1 


PERCENT 
15 

1 . ._ _ 


20 

1 


25 

1 



30 



TOTAL NET SALES FOR 

THE UNITED STATES 

$42,802,913,000 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



















Vol. 11 


Page 3 


CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 
STATE OF ALABAMA 


1935 










TABLE 1.. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type of operation 
and Iclnd of business 


Number 
of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sale. 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 

(including 
pay roll) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie 
tors and 

firm 
members 


Employees 
(full-time 
and part- 
time). Av^- 
for year 


Pay Roil 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 


Total 


Fufrtime 


Part-time 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FHIX-SEHVICE AMD LBHTED-FUHCTION 


1,666 


$304,549 


$29,750 


920 


i/lO.675 


^^14,201 


i/»13.909 


i'*292 


^22.832 




















WHOLESALERS 
Wholasale merchants 


728 


155.105 


17,313 


525 


7.091 


8,934 


8.803 


131 


17,282 


636 


121,850 


13,444 


465 


5,698 


6,782 


6,661 


101 


13,919 


Exporters 


5 


2,815 


467 


4 


35 


69 


64 


5 


176 


Importers 


5 


1,397 


108 


_ 


47 


56 


56 





125 


Industrial distributors 


17 


13,834 


2,227 


1 


989 


1,378 


1,367 


11 


2,904 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


26 


11,767 


681 


11 


150 


410 


402 


8 


4 


Wagon distributors 


44 


2,316 


307 


41 


128 


202 


197 


5 


56 


All other 3/ 


5 


1,126 


79 


3 


44 


37 


36 


1 


96 


MANUFACTURERS' SALfiS BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 


loa 


43.831 


4,270 


3 


1,331 


2,068 


2,018 


50 


2.614 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 


34 


14.741 


1.275 





227 


466 


483 


3 


— 


435 


33.958 


4.940 


56 


y 


V 


V 


i/ 


2.022 


68 


8,311 


582 


53 


255 


301 


293 


8 


486 


Chain-operated stations 


]77 


15,327 


2,604 


3 


918 


1,502 


1,463 


19 


985 


Commission stations 


190 


10,320 


1,754 


— 


1/ 


U 


U 


y 


551 


AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Auction companies 


163 


40,407 


1.178 


139 


388 


576 


548 


28 


361 


5 


183 


25 


6 


13 


11 


11 


— 


21 


Brokers 


78 


23,922 


316 


75 


130 


155 


147 


8 


263 


Commission merchants 


16 


6,232 


285 


8 


90 


106 


98 


6 


62 


Export agents 


10 


2,021 


96 


8 


20 


31 


31 


— 


5 


Manufacturers' agents 


42 


3,628 


160 


36 


62 


80 


70 


10 


24 


Selling agents 


12 


4,421 


296 


6 


73 


193 


191 


2 


6 


ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of fana products 


200 


16,507 


774 


197 


465 


334 


261 


53 


533 


167 


13,272 


632 


182 


344 


360 


220 


40 


515 


Cooperative marketing associations 


14 


2,906 


78 


— 


53 


41 


39 


3 


9 


Packers and shippers 


12 


182 


40 


12 


51 


19 


8 


11 


— 


All other 4/ 
BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 


7 


147 


24 


3 


17 


14 


14 


" 


9 




















FULL-SERVICE AND LDnTED-FUNCTION 


WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


728 


155,105 


17.313 


526 


7,091 


8.934 


8.803 


131 


17.282 


i 


218 


54 


3 


19 


40 


36 


4 


71 


Automotive 


36 


2.846 


616 


27 


278 


330 


329 


1 


560 


Chemicals and paints 


4 


4,202 


247 


2 


91 


119 


118 


1 


406 


Clothing and furnishings 


11 


1,188 


150 


8 


47 


66 


65 


1 


136 


Coal and coke 


6 


2,743 


131 


4 


29 


74 


74 





9 


Drugs (full line) 


9 


5,233 


755 


1 


276 


386 


365 


1 


1,105 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


5 


185 


40 


4 


16 


19 


19 


— 


14 


Dry goods (full line) 


13 


4,594 


663 


5 


201 


389 


369 


— 


1,177 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


7 


637 


69 


8 


26 


34 


33 


1 


96 


Electrical goods 


11 


2,977 


430 


4 


131 


349 


248 


1 


311 


Farm products - raw materials 


28 


21,870 


1,154 


17 


217 


351 


241 


10 


1,087 


Fann products - consumer goods 


. 104 


8,837 


1,237 


99 


541 


463 


470 


12 


146 


Farm supplies 


12 


1,372 


104 


10 


59 


63 


60 


2 


97 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


641 


75 


4 


46 


60 


59 


1 


133 


Groceries (full lire) 


96 


34,828 


2,809 


80 


1,192 


1,423 


1,413 


10 


4,082 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


164 


15,279 


1,747 


133 


901 


1,027 


1,005 


22 


1,075 


Hardware 


18 


13,513 


2,215 


3 


970 


1,366 


1,353 


15 


3,374 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


214 


62 


1 


31 


35 


35 





56 


Lumber and construction materials 


47 


12,042 


1,530 


23 


544 


758 


734 


24 


555 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


53 


8,212 


1,630 


^ 27 


590 


831 


821 


10 


1,345 


Paper and its products 


13 


1,346 


247 


4 


99 


161 


160 


1 


391 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


3 


431 


78 





26 


3S 


35 


-. 


75 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


12 


6,003 


373 


7 


144 


212 


212 


— 


471 


Vaste materials 


35 


2,819 


495 


26 


386 


322 


317 


5 


298 


All other 5/ 


28 


2,875 


402 


25 


231 


201 


19S 


9 


318 


(Continued on next page) 





















CENSUS OF 










BUSINESS WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










STATE OF ALABAMA 










TABLE 1.. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll 




Stocks on 
hand, end 


Type of operation 


ol 


Net 


expenses 


proprie- 


( full-time 




(add ODD) 




and kind of business 


estab- 


sales 


(including 


tors and 


and part- 








lish- 




pay roll ) 


firm 


time). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


FulMime 


Part-hme 


{ add 000 1 


MANUFACTURERS" SALES BRANCHES 




















(KITH STOCKS) 
Automotive 


108 


143,831 


(f4,270 


3 


1.331 


J2,068 


*2,018 


$50 


»2.614 


9 


12,019 


546 


2 


140 


271 


270 


1 


351 


Chemicals and paints 


6 


1,790 


370 


— 


71 


135 


131 


4 


169 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


47 


21,260 


1,749 





669 


880 


846 


34 


1,354 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


25 


3,749 


711 





235 


412 


411 


1 


381 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


4 


1,159 


249 


— 


97 


130 


123 


7 


188 


All other 6/ 


17 


3,854 


645 


1 


118 


240 


237 


3 


171 


MANUTACTUREHS' SALES OFFICBS 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
Electrical goods 


34 


14,741 


1,275 


— 


227 


486 


483 


3 


«_ 


5 


2,328 


143 


— 


23 


60 


59 


1 





Machinery, equipment and supplies 


11 


1,442 


175 


— 


33 


94 


94 








All other 7/ 


IB 


10,971 


957 


~ 


171 


332 


330 


2 


~ 


BULK TANK STATIONS 




















Petroleum and Its products 

AOENTS AND BROKERS 
Automotive 


435 


33.958 


4,940 


56 


1/ 


1/ 


u 


y 


2,022 


163 


40,407 


1,178 


139 


388 


576 


548 


28 


381 


3 


13 


3 


4~ 


1 


— 


— 


— 


2 


Chemicals and paints 


3 


685 


12 


3 


3 


5 


5 


— 


— 


Coal and coke 


7 


2,700 


252 


3 


58 


170 


170 


— 


— 


Electrical goods 


4 


120 


14 


3 


5 


8 


8 


— 


— 


Farm products - raw materials 


30 


12,409 


334 


24 


103 


112 


104 


8 


71 


Farm products - consumer goods 


8 


1,740 


55 


6 


32 


31 


28 


3 


78 


Farm supplies 


4 


156 


5 


2 


3 


3 


3 


— 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


53 


15,737 


259 


52 


96 


131 


126 


5 


199 


Lumber and construction materials 


17 


2,249 


104 


15 


29 


40 


37 


3 


8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


16 


520 


52 


11 


27 


34 


25 


9 


18 


Metals and metal woric (except scrap) 


4 


2,215 


47 


3 


17 


21 


21 


"~ 


~" 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


3 


320 


12 


3 


3 


3 


3 


*■- 


-• ' 


All other 8/ 


11 


1,533 


29 


10 


11 


18 


18 


~~ 


5 


ASSEMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 


200 


16,507 


774 


197 


465 


334 


281 


53 


533 


154 


15,048 


603 


164 


255 


544 


216 

9 
20 
27 

7 


26 
6 
1 

20 


504 

3 

16 

4 

6 


Farm products - consumer goods 
Farm supplies 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
All other 


19 

10 

13 

4 


542 

334 

485 

98 


47 
34 
73 
17 


16 
2 
9 

6 


28 

23 

106 

9 


15 

21 

47 

7 


1/ Inasmuch as It was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commission bu 


Ik tank stations, these data 


are 


not included. 










2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at 4607,000. 

3/ Includes 1 voluntary-eroup wholesaler; 1 converter; 1 mail-order wholesaler; and 2 r 










etailer cooperative 


warehouses. i 


4/ Includes 5 cream stations and 2 elevators (grain). 

5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 2 in general merchandl 
(except scrap); 2 in petroleum and its products; and 20 in all other products. 




- 




. 


se; 2 in metals and 


metal work | 










6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); 2 in 
supplies; 2 in furniture and house furnishings; 3 in Jewelry and optical goods; 1 in 


electrice] 


goods; 2 


in fern. 




lumber an 


d construction materials; i 


3 in metals and metal work (except scrap); 2 in paper and its products; and 1 In all 


other pre 


ducts. 




. 


7/ Includes 2 establishments dealing In chemicals and paints; 1 In coal and coke; 2 in 
foods (specialty lines); 3 in lumber and construction materials; 3 in metals and met 


farm supp" 


ies; 1 in 


groceries ana i 


al work (except scrap); i in 


paper 


and Its products; 1 In plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; 3 In tobacco and 


its produ 


cts ^except leal ) ; 


and 


1 in all other products. 
8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 in clothing and 
house furnishings; 1 In groceries (full line); 1 in paper and its products; 1 In was 


furnlshin£ 


s; 1 in furniture 


and 


te materlc 


Is; and 5 


in all 


ther 


products. 



























Vol. II 


- Page 5 


CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOI F.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 


1935 










STATE OF ARIZONA 










TABLE 1. -SALES, 


EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay RoU 




Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 


Type of operation 
and kind of bueinesB 


of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000 ; 


expenses 
( including 

pay roll) 
(add 000) 


proprie 
tors and 

firm 
members 


(tuU-time 
and put- 
time). Av«. 
for year 




(add 000) 




Total 


Fufttime 


Part-time 


TOTAIS, 1935: 

FDIl-SiKViCE AND T.TMTTED-FTOCTION 


541 


(78,046 


#9,347 


239 


i/2.670 


i/*3.922 


i/»3.727 


i/|195 


2/te.345 




















BHOI.ISiaiRS 
Wholesale merchants 


842 


34.027 


4,760 


167 


1.572 


2.120 


2,052 


68 


4.026 


217 


28,544 


4,056 


147 


1,462 


1,890 


1,825 


65 


3,629 


Exporters 


3 


3,131 


298 


3 


11 


37 


37 


_ 


78 


Importers 


3 


363 


73 


2 


10 


23 


21 


2 


18 


Industrial distributors 


5 


1,403 


241 


— 


63 


134 


133 


1 


306 


Wagon distributors 


14 


586 


92 


15 


26 


36 


36 


— 


9S 


MAHUFACTDEISS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTORERS- SALES OFFICES 


38 


7,391 


847 


— . 


233 


400 


392 


8 


492 




















(Without stocks) 

BDIX TANK STATIONS (PEffiOLEUM) 
Independent stations 


5 


1,478 


89 


— 


13 


30 


28 


2 


— 


188 


14,725 


2,352 


21 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


u 


638 


15 


973 


104 


19 


37 


54 


53 


1 


23 


Chain-operated stations 


120 


10,737 


1,764 


2 


436 


783 


768 


15 


398 


Comcilsslon stations 


53 


3,015 


484 


— 


1/ 


U 


U 


U 


217 


ACmTS AND BROKEES 
Brokers 


30 


13,574 


225 


27 


60 


88 


83 


5 


11 


13 


«,S55 


- ■ 115 


■ ■ 8 


24 


51 


48 


3 


— 


Manufacturers* agents 


13 


993 


39 


12 


26 


25 


23 


2 


3 


Other agents 3/ 


4 


5,926 


71 


7 


10 


12 


12 


— 


8 


ASSaffiLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


38 


6,851 


1,074 


24 


319 


447 


351 


96 


178 


8 


372 


14 


10 


11 


6 


6 


— 


1 


Cooperative marketing associations 


5 


700 


52 


— 


20 


21 


a 


— 


26 


Packers and shippers 

BY KINDS OF BOSINKS: 


25 


5,779 


1,008 


14 


288 


420 


324 


96 


151 




















FULL-SJEVICE AND T.TVT TED-FUNCTION 




















WHOI.KiALERS 
Automotive 


242 


34,027 


4.760 


167 


1,572 


2.120 


2.052 


68 


4.026 


'28 


3,676 


671 


15 


262 


383 


378 


5 


705 


Beer, wines and liquors 


27 


3,203 


454 


22 


148 


175 


159 


16 


270 


Clothing and furnishings 


3 


■77 


13 


1 


9 


10 


10 


— 


11 


Drugs (full line) 


3 


















Drugs and drug sundries 




> 1,865 


228 


1 


45 


66 


66 


~ 


319 


(specialty lines) 


1 


J 
















Electrical goods 


9 


1,415 


267 


2 


73 


132 


131 


1 


207 


Faim products - raw materials 


10 


5,176 


550 


6 


113 


132 


129 


3 


506 


Farm products - consumer goods 


56 


3,420 


690 


55 


250 


306 


291 


15 


75 


Farm supplies 


4 


526 


45 


1 


21 


26 


25 


1 


15 


Groceries (full line) 


16 


4,562 


350 


9 


137 


172 


170 


2 


424 


Orocerles and foods (specialty lines) 


34 


2,962 


436 


30 


152 


183 


181 


2 


296 


Hardware 


4 


1,703 


268 


1 


84 


132 


127 


5 


446 


Lumber and construction materials 


6 


831 


189 


2 


80 


107 


98 


9 


160 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


16 


1,714 


297 


8 


89 


158 


153 


5 


248 


Paper and its products 


3 


341 


57 


2 


13 


29 


29 


— 


39 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


7 


1,580 


79 


4 


31 


37 


36 


1 


74 


Waste materials 


4 


144 


19 


4 


13 


13 


10 


3 


6 


All other 4/ 


11 


832 


147 


4 


52 


59 


59 


— 


225 


MAHUFACTORISS' SALEf. BRANCHES 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Groceries and fofjds (specialty lines) 


38 


7,391 


847 


— 


233 


400 


392 


8 


492 


17 


4,978 


522 


~ 


133 


241 


240 


1 


250 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


8 


282 


82 


— 


27 


58 


57 


1 


43 


All other 5/ 


13 


2,131 


243 


— 


73 


101 


95 


6 


199 


MANDFAOTTOERS' S/-,I.Efi OFFICES 




















(WITHODT STOCKS) 6/ 

BDIX TANK STATICBS 

Petroleum and its products 


5 


1,478 


89 


— 


13 


30 


28 


2 


" 


188 


14,725 


2.352 


21 


1/ 


11 


U 


y 


638 


(Continued on next page) 





















Vol. II - Page 6 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
STATE OF ARIZONA 
TABLE 1.. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of operation 
and kind of business 



AaWTS ASD BROKERS 

Farm products - raw materials 
Farm products - consumer goods 
Qrocerles and foods (specialty lines) 
llachlnery, equlinent and supplies 
All other 7/ 

ASSE6fflU3lS 

Farm products - raw materials 
FaiTO products - consumer goods 
All other 8/ 



Number 

of 

estab- 

lUh- 

ments 



30 



4 

3 

10 

6 

7 

36 



5 

30 

3 



Net 
ultt 

(add 000) 



♦13.574 



6,356 
362 

5,913 
144 
799 

6.851 



363 

6,398 

90 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 

pay roll) 

(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



♦225 



83 

28 
78 
13 
23 

1^74 



13 

1,047 

14 



27 



5 
3 
7 
5 

7 

24 



7 

13 

4 



Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Av^ 
for year 



60 



10 
3 

24 
8 

15 

319 



6 

305 

8 



Pay Roll 
(add 000) 



Total 



♦88 



17 

5 

44 

9 
13 

447 



5 
437 

5 



FuH>«ime 



♦83 



17 
5 

41 
9 

11 

351 



5 
341 

5 



Part-hme 



♦5 



3 

2 

96 



96 



Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 



♦11 



178 



167 
11 



1/ Inasmuch as It was Impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commission bulk tank stations, these data are 

not included. 
2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at ♦151,000. 
3/ Includes 2 commission merchants and 2 export agents. 
i/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in chemicals and paints; 2 in Jewelry and optical goods; 1 in petroleum and its 

products; 2 in plumbing and heating equlpnent and supplies; and 5 in all other products. 
5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing In chemicals and paints; 1 In clothing and furnishings; 3 In electrical goods; 1 in 

Jewelry and optical goods; 2 in paper and its products; 2 In plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; and 2 In all 

other products. 
5/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in electrical goods; 2 in machinery, equipment and supplies; 1 in paper and Its 

products; and 1 in tobacco and Its products (except leaf). 
7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 In drj' goods (full line); 1 in furniture and house 

furnishings; 1 in groceries (full line); 1 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; and 2 in all other products. 
8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in farm supplies; 1 In groceries and foods (specialty lines); and 1 in all other 

products. 



















Vol. 11 


- Page 7 


CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOI.F.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 


1935 














STATE OF ARKANSAS 












TABLE 1. 


-SALES, 


EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of operation 


Number 
of 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 


Active 
proprie- 


Employees 
( hill-time 




Pay Roll 
(add 000) 




Stocks on 
hand, end 


and kind of business 


estab- 


t 


( including 


tors and 


and part- 








lish- 




pay roll) 


fimi 


time). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


(add 000? 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Fulltime 


Part-bme 


(add 0001 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FULL -SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


1,504 


5180,309 


116,761 


747 


i/6,006 


i/$7,347 


i/|7,165 


i/$182 


34l5,348 




















WHOLESALEBS 
Hliolesale merchants 


548 


94,065 


10,705 


364 


4,340 


5,336 


5,245 


91 


12,066 


503 


90,477 


10,263 


327 


4,188 


5,121 


5,033 


88 


11,363 


Industrial distributors 


12 


1,928 


317 





87 


156 


155 


1 


482 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


3 


1,035 


35 


1 


10 


18 


18 


.- 


200 


All other 3/ 


31 


625 


90 


36 


55 


41 


39 


2 


21 


MANUFACTURERS' SALiS BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 

KANUFACrjREHS' SALES OFFICES 


49 


12,627 


1.598 





533 


666 


654 


12 


1.232 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (P2TR0LEUK) 
Independent stations 


10 


2,365 


155 





41 


81 


81 





__ 


518 


23,163 


3,282 


34 


i/ 


1/ 


i/ 


y 


1,449 


42 


1,609 


151 


32 


73 


74 


72 


2 


92 


Chain-operated stations 


199 


8,471 


1,160 


2 


508 


695 


675 


20 


686 


Cocmlsslon stations 


277 


13,083 


1,951 


— 


i/ 


y 


y 


y 


671 


AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 


101 


26,453 


466 


97 


186 


242 


232 


10 


375 


58 


20,981 


262 


54 


94 


124 


120 


4 


23 


Commission merchants 


16 


4,172 


94 


18 


35 


44 


41 


3 


123 


Manufacturers' agents 


23 


807 


65 


24 


42 


46 


44 


2 


29 


Selling agents 


4 


493 


45 


1 


15 


28 


27 


1 


200 


ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


278 


21,636 


555 


252 


325 


253 


206 


47 


1,226 


213 


12,781 


378 


218 


234 


162 


130 


32 


1,216 


CooperatlTe marketing associations 


27 


7,315 


74 


— 


29 


43 


33 


10 


1 


Packers and shippers 


9 


1,260 


95 


10 


49 


42 


37 


5 


8 


All other ^ 
BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 


29 


280 


8 


24 


13 


6 


6 


" 


1 




















FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


548 


94,065 


10,705 


364 


4,340 


5,336 


5.245 


91 


12,066 


3 


505 


107 


1 


30 


43 


43 


— 


119 


Automotive 


37 


1,979 


582 


20 


247 


352 


348 


4 


536 


Beer, wines and liquors 


38 


4,887 


681 


31 


183 


202 


197 


5 


439 


Chemicals and paints 


5 


400 


84 


2 


33 


48 


43 


5 


47 


Clothing and furnishings 


9 


499 


76 


7 


28 


51 


51 


— 


145 


Drugs (full line) 


4 


3,467 


490 


— 


163 


291 


291 


— 


768 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


11 


391 


85 


6 


48 


50 


49 


1 


57 


Dry goods (full line) 


10 


2,887 


415 


4 


148 


240 


239 


1 


592 


Electrical goods 


8 


1,143 


185 


4 


64 


98 


97 


1 


113 


Farm products - raw materials 


8 


3,981 


148 


6 


46 


41 


35 


6 


170 


Farm products - consumer goods 


44 


4,501 


659 


40 


321 


325 


314 


11 


153 


Farm supplies 


16 


2,200 


165 


13 


83 


99 


93 


6 


158 


Groceries (full line) 


128 


41,222 


3,765 


60 


1,436 


1,798 


1,784 


14 


4,921 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


109 


10,059 


872 


102 


441 


406 


399 


7 


544 


Hardware 


8 


3,909 


588 


1 


251 


341 


340 


1 


1,165 


Lumber and construction materials 


23 


3,290 


416 


10 


224 


211 


205 


6 


710 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


28 


3,089 


593 


14 


180 


301 


297 


4 


732 


Paper and Its products 


5 


714 


129 


2 


47 


75 


75 


— 


109 


Petroleum and Its products 


7 


371 


60 


5 


29 


34 


34 


— 


23 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


4 


416 


90 


2 


35 


52 


51 


1 


102 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


8 


1,842 


86 


7 


37 


43 


42 


1 


59 


Waste materials 


17 


733 


134 


16 


150 


85 


70 


15 


109 


All other 5/ 


18 


1,580 


295 


11 


116 


150 


148 


2 


295 


MANUFACTURERS' 3AT.F.S BRANCHES 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


49 


12,627 


1,598 


— 


533 


666 


654 


12 


1,232 


24 


3,248 


697 


— 


279 


318 


313 


5 


398 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


12 


3,070 


687 


— 


154 


226 


224 


2 


672 


All other 6/ 


13 


1,309 


214 


~ 


100 


122 


117 


5 


162 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 7/ 

BULK TANK STATIONS 


10 


2,365 


155 


— 


41 


81 


81 






















y 




Petroleum and its products 

(Continued on next page) 


518 


23,163 


3,282 


34 


1/ 


y 


ll 


1,449 





















Vol. II - Page 8 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
STATE OF ARKANSAS 

TABLE 1. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



' 



Type of operation 
and kind of business 



Number 
o( 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Net 
sales 

(add 0001 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roU ) 

(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tor? and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
( hill-time 
and part- 

time). Awg. 
lor year 



Pay RoU 
(add 000) 



Total 



FulWme 



Pait4ime 



Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 



AGENTS AND BROKERS 

Farm products - raw materials 
Farm products - consumer goods 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Petrolexim and its products 
All other 8/ 

ASSMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 

Farm products - consumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

All other 



101 



41 
8 

EC 
9 
4 
3 

16 

278 



$26.453 



13,090 
695 

11,017 

566 

54 

Ell 

820 

El , 636 



$466 



97 



186 



154 

18 

163 

21 

9 

S 

99 

555 



45 
8 

15 
8 
4 
3 

14 

252 



62 
5 

54 
7 
3 
2 

53 

325 



$242 



68 
5 

82 
9 
5 
2 

71 

253 



t232 



64 
4 

80 
8 
5 
E 

69 

206 



tlO 



$375 



125 



20 
7 



1 
222 



1,226 



147 

118 

4 

3 

6 



16,766 

4,757 

37 

40 

36 



246 

283 

18 

5 

3 



136 

99 

5 

3 

9 



113 

180 

18 

9 

5 



105 
128 

15 
3 
2 



88 

113 

1 

2 

2 



467 

741 

5 

13 



1/ Inasmuch as It was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for camalssion bulk tank stations, these data are not 

included. 
2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $583,000. 
3/ Includes 2 mail-order wholesalers and 29 wagon distributors. 
4/ Includes 23 cream stations and 1 elevator (grain). 
5/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in coal and coke; 1 in furniture and house furnishings; 2 in general merchandise; 1 in 

Jewelry and optical goods; 1 in metals and oetal work (except scrap); and 12 in all other products. 
6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 in automotive products; 1 in chemicals and t>aints; 

3 in electrical goods; 2 in farm products - consumer goods; 3 in jewelry and optical goods; and 2 in plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies. 
7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in lumber and construction materials; 6 in machinery, equipment and supplies; and 3 in 

tobacco and its products (except leaf), 
8/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in automotive products; 1 in chemicals and paints; 2 in coal and coke; 1 in electrical 

goods; 2 in furniture and house furnishings; 1 in metals and netal work (except scrap); 1 in paper and its products; and 

6 in all other products. 



Vol. II - Page 9 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 












STATE OF CALIFORNIA 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 


Number 
ol 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 


Active 
proprie- 


Employees 
( full-time 


( 


Pay Roll* 
add 000) 




Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 


Kind of Business 


otab- 


sales 


( including 


tors and 


and part- 
















luh. 




pay roll , 


lirm 


time). Avg. 










menu 


(add 000 1 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Parttime 


(add 000) 


TOTAIS, 1935: 

TOLL-SERVICE AND LIiarKD-TONCTION 


12.342 


»2. 975. 253 


$354,902 


8.450 


1/ 
108.857 


I166.749 


Sl58.206 


<e.543 


§237,943 




















WHOLESALERS 
Wholesale merchants 


7.161 


1.267.742 


170,749 


6.307 


56.913 


88.621 


86.450 


2.171 


155.353 


6,375 


1,047,531 


149,871 


5,723 


51,190 


78,563 


76,613 


1,950 


128,162 


Tolimtary-group wholesalers 


6 


7,358 


478 


2 


208 


332 


331 


1 


891 


ConTerters 


5 


2,478 


104 


1 


24 


61 


61 




202 


Erporters 


40 


36,625 


2,276 


31 


250 


506 


499 


7 


5,387 


Importers 


188 


78,718 


5,726 


145 


1,315 


2,566 


2,508 


58 


5,742 


Industrial distributors 


175 


46,806 


7,638 


58 


2,271 


4,045 


3,962 


83 


12,350 


Drop shippers or desk jobbers 


31 


10,360 


702 


23 


155 


377 


376 


1 


92 


Uall-order wholesalers 


9 


149 


40 


9 


14 


16 


16 


1 


25 


Setaller-cooperatiTe warehouses 


10 


17,212 


823 





264 


466 


460 


6 


1,667 


Wagon distributors 


321 


20,505 


3,091 


316 


1,222 


1,589 


1,625 


64 


835 


MANUFACTUEmS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MAMOTAOTUKERS' SALES OTFICES 


1.074 


579.546 


73.943 


45 


16.412 


31.815 


31.313 


502 


59.201 




















(Without stocks) 

BOLE TANK STATIONS (PETROLEOM) 
Independent stations 


294 


198.729 


15,531 


9 


2,148 


4.739 


4.666 


73 


__ 


1.346 


230.243 


36.025 


190 


1/ 


y 


y 


y 


9,101 


182 


18,576 


2,055 


173 


626 


938 


911 


27 


596 


Chain-operated stations 


1,014 


201,936 


32,041 


17 


7,746 


14,754 


14,587 


167 


8,047 


Connisslon stations 


150 


9,631 


1,919 


~ 


1/ 


y 


y 


y 


458 


ACENTS AND BROEERS 
Auction ccmpanles 


1.615 


397.489 


15.299 


1.428 


4.117 


7.413 


7.185 


ZZB 


8.660 


22 


1,874 


202 


20 


77 


86 


80 


6 


204 


Brokers 


236 


134,339 


2,795 


198 


629 


1,346 


1,316 


31 


1,032 


Camnission merchants 


125 


76,429 


3,285 


103 


849 


1,518 


1,478 


40 


1,364 


Erport agents 


42 


13,521 


615 


30 


120 


224 


220 


4 


63 


Import agents 


30 


24,681 


806 


29 


141 


293 


289 


4 


847 


Manufacturere' agents 


1,054 


107,626 


5,969 


989 


1,889 


3,088 


2,953 


135 


3,756 


Selling agents 


101 


36,886 


1,592 


58 


402 


839 


831 


8 


1,387 


Other agents 


5 


1,983 


35 


1 


10 


19 


19 


~ 


7 


ASSQIBLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


852 


301.504 


43.355 


471 


20.895 


18.469 


13.094 


5.375 


5.528 


195 


12,132 


848 


243 


417 


388 


301 


87 


299 


Cooperative marketing associations 


216 


169,281 


81,559 


— 


9,022 


7,690 


5,558 


2,132 


3,321 


Packers and shippers 


436 


119,449 


20,931 


214 


11,449 


10,384 


7,228 


3,156 


2,004 


All other 3/ 
BY KINDS or BUSINESS: 


6 


642 


17 


14 


7 


7 


7 


— 


4 




















TOLL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-TONCTiaN 


WHOLESAT.ras 
Amusement and sporting goods 


7.161 


1.267.742 


170.749 


6.307 


56,913 


88.621 


86,450 


2.171 


165.353 


122 


17,101 


2,164 


80 


729 


1,269 


1,240 


29 


2,484 


AutomotlTe 


608 


84,864 


12,202 


496 


4,984 


7,745 


7,575 


170 


U,506 


Beer, wines and liquors 


560 


69,420 


9,489 


486 


3,269 


4,621 


4,471 


150 


6,320 


Chemicals and paints 


120 


12,208 


2,178 


97 


726 


1,118 


1,082 


36 


1,812 


Clothing and furnishings 


241 


28,576 


3,737 


233 


1,158 


1,951 


1,896 


55 


3,817 


Coal and coke 


13 


1,032 


157 


12 


91 


123 


116 


7 


122 


Drugs (full line) 


14 


35,016 


5,012 


2 


1,826 


2,565 


2,559 


6 


6,556 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


129 


8,397 


1,929 


99 


594 


958 


936 


22 


1,152 


Dry goods (full line) 


9 


6,594 


936 


7 


303 


528 


519 


9 


1,429 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


158 


22,852 


2,813 


123 


862 


1,496 


1,454 


42 


3,760 


Electrical goods 


223 


50,560 


7,864 


139 


2,591 


4,300 


4,255 


45 


6,439 


Farm products - raw materials 


98 


69,668 


4,256 


82 


689 


1,322 


1,265 


57 


8,370 


Farm products - consumer goods 


99« 


150,200 


20,439 


1,110 


7,178 


10,631 


10,266 


365 


3,395 


Faim supplies 


109 


32,036 


3,940 


75 


1,288 


1,768 


1,694 


74 


3,549 


Furniture and house furnishings 


188 


16,878 


2,995 


170 


1,112 


1,525 


1,484 


41 


3,710 


General merchandise 


27 


32,400 


2,775 


14 


836 


1,409 


1,404 


5 


2,643 


Croceries (full line) 


167 


124,176 


8,833 


56 


3,312 


5,251 


5,217 


34 


14,027 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


981 


157,041 


22,259 


1,206 


7,044 


10,945 


10,666 


279 


U,886 


Hardware 


76 


31,144 


5,572 


54 


2,107 


3,271 


3,236 


35 


10,495 


Jewelry and optical goods 


134 


15,457 


2,998 


106 


960 


1,576 


1,538 


38 


3,261 


Lumber and construction materials 


211 


41,000 


7,567 


143 


2,070 


3,542 


3,431 


111 


7,912 


Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


728 


89,277 


17,824 


432 


5,655 


9,764 


9,469 


295 


19,981 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


84 


13,546 


2,381 


43 


783 


1,392 


1,360 


42 


3,348 


Paper and its products 


131 


18,973 


3,766 


93 


1,392 


2,394 


2,371 


23 


4,033 


Petroleum and its products 


52 


5,195 


878 


41 


249 


474 


469 


5 


875 


Plumbing and hsatin« eqpt, and spls. 


121 


14,510 


2,668 


66 


962 


1,545 


1,508 


37 


3,310 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


126 


76,763 


6,125 


91 


929 


1,510 


1,502 


8 


4,586 


Waste materials 


228 


15,942 


2,856 


234 


1,418 


1,437 


1,380 


57 


1,649 


All other 


504 


26,916 


4,026 


517 


1,796 


2,191 


2,097 


94 


2,927 


(Continued on next page) 






















of uninco 


poratnl bucinea* 


as. 















Vol. II - Page 10 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


STATE OF 


CALIFORNIA 










TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




fay Roll* 




Stnr'lrii rtn 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
e»t»b- 
liah- 
ments 


Net 
«aie< 

(add 000) 


expenses 
( including 

pay roll) 
(add 000) 


proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 


( full-time 
and part- 
time), Avg. 
for year 


(add 000) 




tiand, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


MANOTACTOEmS' SALES BaANCHKS 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Amusemant and sporting goods 


1.074 


♦579.646 


»73.943 


46 


16.412 


$31,815 


$31,313 


t502 


♦59.201 


28 


10,835 


1,653 





508 


796 


791 


5 


1,651 


AutoisotlTe 


72 


83,211 


5,993 


1 


1,578 


3,089 


3,060 


29 


5,553 


Beer, wines and liquors 


57 


31,226 


4,419 





761 


1,620 


1,595 


25 


2,716 


Chemicals and paints 


73 


21,776 


4,772 


2 


1,322 


2,505 


2,425 


80 


3,610 


Clottiing and furnishings 


52 


18,275 


2,324 


12 


600 


1,373 


1,360 


13 


2,773 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


30 


8,043 


1,878 





397 


969 


968 


1 


930 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


31 


8,135 


775 


3 


217 


471 


470 


1 


1,615 


Electrical goods 


44 


24,662 


2,551 


5 


691 


1,488 


1,468 


20 


2,547 


Taim products - consumer goods 


13 


2,756 


894 





216 


399 


399 




781 


Furniture and house furnishings 


19 


4,609 


584 


5 


157 


282 


277 


5 


670 


Orocaries and foods (specialty lines) 


173 


194,452 


22,799 


2 


3,562 


6,855 


6,698 


157 


12,830 


Hardware 


9 


895 


171 





65 


100 


99 


1 


148 


Jewelry and optical goods 


22 


3,495 


884 





220 


467 


467 




565 


Lumber and construction materials 


30 


10,250 


1,409 


1 


417 


757 


753 


4 


1,732 


llaohinery, equlpnent and supplies 


247 


38,327 


8,795 


2 


2,769 


5,239 


5,144 


95 


8,522 


Uetals and metal work (except scrap) 


35 


38,130 


3,030 


1 


842 


1,593 


1,576 


17 


4,455 


Paper and its products 


34 


17,041 


2,651 


2 


859 


1,531 


1,524 


7 


2,910 


Petroleum and its products 


13 


5,465 


1,084 





189 


469 


464 


S 


679 


Plumbing and heating e(ipt. and sple. 


34 


9,050 


1,656 


4 


543 


802 


773 


29 


1,917 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


7 


40,118 


4,632 


4 


227 


476 


476 





1,389 


All other 4/ 


51 


8,785 


989 


1 


282 


534 


526 


8 


1,009 


MANOTACTDRERS' SALES OFFICES 




















(WITHOOT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


294 


198.729 


15.531 


9 


2.148 


4.739 


4.666 


73 





8 


7,105 


816 





273 


444 


444 








Beer, wines and liquors 


E 


3,469 


487 


— 


57 


140 


140 


— 


— 


Chemicals and paints 


14 


10,560 


1,050 


— 


123 


328 


328 


— 


— 


Clothing and furnishings 


12 


2,014 


69 


2 


12 


46 


46 


— 


— 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


5 


452 


57 


2 


25 


45 


45 





— 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


14 


2,369 


109 


1 


35 


75 


75 








Electrical goods 


13 


2,537 


236 


— 


58 


121 


120 


1 


— 


Furniture and house furnishings 


13 


3,899 


320 


3 


44 


127 


127 


— 


— 


Oroceries and foods (specialty lines) 


16 


35,152 


5,010 


— 


271 


550 


550 


— 


— 


Jewelry and optical goods 


7 


292 


25 





10 


21 


21 


— 


— 


Lumber and construction materials 


22 


8,566 


662 


— 


175 


372 


372 


— 


— 


Uacblnery, equipment and supplies 


61 


63,015 


1,219 


— 


312 


769 


766 


3 


— 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


25 


30,686 


1,374 


1 


258 


620 


620 


— 


— 


Paper and its products 


24 


20,425 


2,357 


— 


104 


340 


279 


61 


— 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


7 


241 


72 


— 


18 


34 


30 


4 


— 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


5 


12,959 


125 


— 


40 


85 


85 


— 


— 


All other 5/ 


43 


5,088 


1,543 


— 


333 


622 


618 


4 


— 


BDLK TASK STATKaiS 










i/ 


1/ 


y 


1/ 




Petroleum and its prodQcts 


1,346 


230.243 


36.025 


190 


9.101 


(Continued on next page) 









* Indudea no eompenution for proprietor* «od 



mvDiberi ol unincorporated businoi 



















Vol. n 


- Page 11 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
BUSINESS STATE OF CALIFORNL^ 














TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
otab- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 


lisli. 


pay roil 1 


firm 


time). Avg. 








of year 




menu 


(add 0001 


(add 000 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full'time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


ABENTS AND BROKERS 

Amusement and sporting gooda 


1.615 


t397.489 


fl5,299 


1.428 


4.117 


•7.413 


»7.185 


•228 


•8.660 


3S 


4,117 


434 


34 


93 


152 


147 


5 


41 


Automotive 


84 


5,089 


367 


75 


133 


196 


189 


7 


343 


Beer, wines and liquors 


17 


2,275 


99 


16 


35 


55 


54 


1 


122 


Cbamlcals and paints 


43 


6,119 


236 


36 


64 


119 


116 


3 


245 


Clothing and furnishings 


144 


15,573 


500 


145 


101 


165 


162 


3 


164 


Coal and coke 


3 


72 


11 


2 


3 


4 


4 






Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


29 


4,594 


384 


25 


138 


182 


180 


2 


104 


Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 


1] 
132J 


21,324 


480 


130 


140 


212 


£08 


4 


574 


Electrical goods 


93 


5,403 


442 


76 


181 


£46 


£34 


14 


575 


Farm products - raw materials 


70 


45,508 


781 


68 


156 


309 


£69 


20 


1,124 


Farm products - consumer goods 


127 


61,362 


3,148 


106 


794 


1,500 


1,462 


38 


561 


Farm supplies 


21 


9,582 


299 


16 


79 


147 


140 


7 


66 


Furniture and house furnishings 


77 


13,135 


629 


66 


195 


349 


332 


17 


893 


CSeneral merchandise 


10 


2,601 


147 


6 


40 


79 


78 


1 


36 


Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


2) 
164/ 


132,663 


2,996 


133 


731 


1,540 


1,52* 


16 


1,868 


Hardware 


54 


4,071 


248 


47 


96 


137 


126 


11 


53 


Jewelry and optical goods 


35 


1,649 


106 


34 


24 


51 


51 




137 


Lumber and construction materials 


53 


8,637 


624 


44 


126 


240 


229 


11 


331 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


232 


15,840 


1,751 


207 


495 


972 


944 


28 


917 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


24 


2,609 


125 


20 


49 


73 


71 


2 


115 


Paper and its products 


28 


3,723 


422 


26 


79 


154 


144 


10 


36 


Petroleum and its products 


13 


6,984 


189 


9 


49 


99 


96 


1 


1 


Plumbing and heating eqpt . and spls. 


47 


2,990 


397 


37 


114 


210 


204 


6 


276 


All other 6/ 


77 


21,569 


464 


64 


202 


220 


199 


21 


74 


ABsam.ms 

Farm products - raw materials 


852 


301,504 


43,355 


471 


20,895 


18.469 


13,094 


5.375 


5.628 


32 


14,980 


373 


36 


89 


161 


142 


19 


223 


Farm products - consumer goods 


655 


250,851 


39,645 


316 


19,668 


17,203 


12,203 


5,000 


2,683 


Farm supplies 


31 


2,803 


325 


21 


143 


172 


150 


22 


135 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


60 


32,319 


2,677 


18 


855 


852 


521 


331 


2,682 


All other 


74 


551 


135 


80 


140 


81 


76 


3 


5 


•include* no compen>«tion (or propnetoii and firm membert of unincorporated bu*ine»fe> 








1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for comnlsslon bulk tank stations, these data | 


are not Included. 








2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at ♦13,954,000. 








3/ Includes 3 cream stations and 2 elevators (grain). 








4/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in coal and coke; 3 in farm supplies; and 47 in all other products. 






5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing In automotive products; 1 in farm products - consumer goods, 


1 in fam 


supplies; 1 


2 in hardware; 3 in petroleum and its products; and 34 in all other products. 








6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In tobacco and Its products (except leaf); £ In waste oaterle 


lis; and 74 


In all 




other products. 









Vol. II - Page 12 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF COLORADO 












TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


, PAY 


WLL AND 


STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 
estab- 
lish. 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000 1 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll j 
(add 000) 


Active 
proprie. 
ors and 

firm 
members 


Employees 

[ full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll" 

(add 000 I 


Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


lime). Avg, 
for year 


Total 


Full-lime 


Part-lime 


TCflkLS, 1935: 

FCLL-SmVlCE AND T.TMTTED-JOTCTION 


1,884 


#324,382 


J30,868 


830 


^10,102 


'^♦15,064 i^$l4,731 


■^1333 ^ Jib, 782 




















WHOUSALEHS 
Wholesale merchants 


738 


115,808 


15,289 


471 


5,973 


8,219 


8.042 


177 


12.261 


696 


110,524 


14,700 


440 


5,741 


7,879 


7,712 


167 


11,802 


Industrial distributors 


6 


2,046 


322 


— 


145 


204 


199 


5 


390 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


9 


1,422 


102 


5 


17 


40 


39 


1 


— 


Wagon distributors 


24 


1,435 


150 


23 


66 


88 


64 


4 


50 


All other 3/ 


3 


3S1 


15 


3 


4 


8 


8 


— 


9 


MAHUTACroKms' .=iAI.Rf> BRAHCHJfia 




















(With stocks) 

MANOTACTDREKS' SALES OFFICES 


135 


61,817 


6,925 


2 


1,601 


3.056 


3,037 


19 


3.547 




















(Without stocks) 

BDLK TAIK STATIONS (PETROLEDM) 
Independent stations 


47 


19,973 


1,434 


— 


304 


588 


587 


1 





482 


25.659 


3,983 


68 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1.550 


77 


5,686 


564 


61 


239 


354 


346 


8 


373 


Chain-operated stations 


307 


16,320 


2,628 


7 


810 


1,256 


1,254 


2 


897 


Commission stations 


98 


3,653 


691 


— 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


V 


280 


AGHiTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 


180 


80,913 


2,107 


142 


580 


1,070 


1.024 


46 


298 


45 


20,816 


539 


37 


130 


289 


286 


3 


35 


Commission merchants 


35 


44,546 


763 


26 


212 


377 


353 


24 


111 


Manufacturers' agents 


80 


9,411 


265 


70 


90 


115 


108 


7 


43 


Selling agents 


15 


5,626 


525 


4 


132 


278 


267 


11 


107 


Other agents 4/ 


5 


514 


15 


5 


16 


11 


10 


1 


2 


ASSJMBLBiS 

Country buyers of farm products 


302 


20,212 


1,130 


147 


595 


521 


441 


80 


1.136 


81 


2,643 


186 


81 


117 


84 


74 


10 


129 


Cream stations 


54 


296 


6 


31 


29 


4 


1 


3 


— 


Cooperative marketing associations 


41 


9,408 


373 


— 


156 


193 


165 


28 


298 


EleTators (grain) 


113 


6,900 


386 


26 


218 


181 


155 


26 


676 


Packers and shippers 
BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 


13 


965 


179 


9 


75 


59 


46 


13 


33 




















FOLL-SffiTICE AND LIMTTED-FONCTION 


WHOT.TKALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


738 


115,808 


15,289 


471 


5,973 


8.219 


8,042 


177 


12,251 


14 


1,140 


298 


5 


112 


144 


141 


3 


246 


Automotive 


73 


6,665 


1,389 


48 


584 


767 


757 


10 


1,077 


Beer, wines and liquors 


33 


4,407 


562 


19 


229 


301 


296 


5 


390 


Chemicals and paints 


7 


324 


63 


6 


26 


37 


37 


— 


71 


Clothing and furnishings 


20 


2,506 


346 


16 


116 


193 


193 


— 


185 


Coal and coke 


7 


257 


18 


5 


8 


13 


13 


— 


1 


Drugs (full line) 


7 


6,610 


853 


— 


288 


421 


420 


1 


922 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


10 


544 


120 


9 


49 


80 


79 


1 


100 


i Dry goods (full line) 


21 
3/ 


884 


153 


4 


64 


88 


88 


.. 


240 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


















Electrical goods 


24 


3,546 


605 


11 


197 


326 


323 


3 


514 


Farm products - raw materials 


25 


11,081 


656 


7 


219 


324 


317 


7 


659 


Fann products - consumer goods 


136 


14,300 


1,555 


126 


797 


860 


831 


29 


342 


Farm supplies 


19 


3,169 


333 


13 


141 


163 


149 


14 


318 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


1,788 


336 


6 


144 


165 


163 


2 


404 


Groceries (full line) 


47 


20,401 


2,095 


9 


774 


1,238 


1.223 


15 


2,432 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


83 


11,181 


1,221 


70 


461 


541 


524 


17 


301 


Hardware 


4 


1,349 


152 


— 


73 


100 


95 


5 


469 


Jewelry and optical goods 


7 


450 


129 


3 


64 


88 


88 


— 


58 


Lumber and construction materials 


17 


3,310 


585 


5 


164 


266 


264 


2 


437 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


70 


7,938 


1,698 


37 


585 


952 


938 


14 


1,240 


Paper and its products 


12 


2,437 


473 


4 


180 


262 


261 


1 


289 


Petroleum and its products 


10 


387 


82 


5 


31 


46 


46 


— 


28 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


13 


2,107 


479 


3 


196 


234 


220 


14 


481 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


17 


4,904 


293 


12 


108 


157 


153 


4 


249 


Waste materials 


28 


1,099 


158 


27 


89 


82 


73 


9 


261 


All other 5/ 


40 


3,024 


637 


21 


274 


371 


350 


21 


537 


(continued on next page) 
















. 






s of uninco 


rporalcd butmeai 


ICS. 















Vol. II - Page 13 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

STATE OF COLORADO 

TABLE 1- -SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

ol 

e«tab- 

mcnts 



Net 
»aJes 



add 000 



Operating 
expenses 

; including 
pay Toll 
;add 000! 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
\ full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 



lo) 



T year 



Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 



Total Full-time Part-time 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000} 



MAiroiAOTOEERS' SALES BRANCHES 
(WITH STOCKS) 
Amusqnent and eporting goods 
AutomotiTe 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Electrical goods 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
iCaehlnery, equipment and supplies 
Uetals and metal work (except scrap) 
Plumbing and heating eqpt, and spls. 
All other 6/ 

MANDFACTORERS' SALES OITICES 
(WIlHOnT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Uachlnery, equlposnt and supplies 
Uetals and metal work (except scrap) 
All other 7/ 

BUIK TANK STATIONS 

Petroleum and its products 

AOmrS AND BRQKZRS 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal and coke 

Electrical goods 

Farm products - raw materials 

Farm products - constnner goods 

Ftirniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction nBterials 

Uachlnery, equipment and supplies 

Uetals and metal work (except scrap) 

Paper and its products 

All other 8/ 

ASSIMBLBIS 

Farm products - raw materials 
Faro products - consumer goods 
Farm supplies 
All other 



135 



♦61.617 



$6.925 



1.601 



♦3.056 



♦3.037 



5 

17 

7 

6 

5 

41 

27 

4 

4 

19 



47 



818 

16,461 

3,329 

6,808 

1,119 

14,652 

4,336 

8,340 

325 

5,629 



19,973 



215 

1,301 

430 

470 

87 

2,145 

922 

215 

45 

1,095 



1.434 



74 

337 
56 

102 
24 

412 

£86 
49 
14 

247 



304 



121 
653 
121 
207 

40 
741 
524 
113 

22 
514 



588 



121 
648 
121 
207 

39 
732 
523 
112 

22 
512 



587 



♦19 



♦3.547 



57 
791 
114 
524 
127 
539 
685 
167 

47 
496 



4 
5 

14 
9 

15 



482 



1,266 
6,445 
3,943 
2,884 
5,435 



25,659 



180 



3 
7 
3 
5 
9 
8 

32 

23 
5 

26 
5 
5 

32 
4 
3 
9 

302 



138 
152 

6 
5 



30.913 



13 

269 

55 

331 

2,634 

679 

47,194 

7,580 

753 

15,932 

211 

280 

4,009 

136 

66 

771 

20.212 



277 
576 
166 
104 
311 



3.98 3 



100 
35 
38 
25 
56 



2,107 



13,458 

6,404 

184 

166 



8 

21 

1 

25 

302 

33 

698 

220 

53 

342 

9 

35 

295 

4 

1 

60 

1,130 



540 

529 

34 

27 



68 



142 



3 
6 
4 
4 

5 

28 

18 

5 

18 

4 

5 

27 

4 

3 

8 

147 



42 

96 

4 

5 



580 



4 

8 

1 

6 

55 

11 

191 

70 

16 

77 

2 

11 

96 

1 

1 

20 

595 



275 

293 

13 

14 



155 

153 

96 

61 

123 



155 

153 

96 

60 

123 



1/ 



1,070 



3 
8 

14 
133 

14 
357 

94 

31 

190 

3 

17 
175 

1 
30 

521 



258 

238 

13 

12 



1/ 



1.024 



3 
7 

14 
126 

14 
336 

90 

31 

186 

3 

16 
169 

1 
28 

441 



227 

191 
11 
12 



1/ 



46 



21 
4 



80 



1.550 



298 



31 

47 

2 



3 

1 

1 

28 

1 

99 

22 

72 

15 

3 

36 

1 

16 

1.136 



891 

234 

10 

1 



* Include, no comDcnMlion [oi proprietor, utd firm member, ol unincorporated bu.inesae. 

1/ inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employnent and pay roll far commission bulk tank stations, these data 

are not included. 
2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $535,000. 
3/ Includes 1 importer and 2 mail-order wholesalers. 
4/ Includes 4 auction companies and 1 export agent. 
5/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in general icsrcbandlse; 2 in metals and metal work (except scrap); and 37 in all 

other products, 
6/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in chanicals and paints; 3 in clothing and furnishings; 3 in drugs and drug 

sundries (specialty lines); 3 in Jewelry and optical goods; 2 in lumber and construction materials; 2 in paper 

and its products; 1 in petroletun and its products; 1 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 2 in all 

other products, 
7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in automotive products; 2 in chemicals and paints; 2 in electrical goods; 1 in 

furniture aal house furnishings; 1 in lumber and construction materials; 2 in paper and its products; 2 in plumbing 

and heating equipment and supplies; 1 in tobeeco and its products (except leaf); and 3 in all other products. 
8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 2 in dry goods (specialty lines); 1 in faim supplies; 

1 in petroleum and its products; 2 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; and 2 in all other pr.oducts. 



I 



Vol. II - Page 14 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF CONNECTICUT 












TABLE 1- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 

estab- 

lUh- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay Toll } 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 
firm 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


TOTALS, 1935: 

rmx-aEKViCE and LnaTED-ruNCTioN 


1.481 


(306, 078 


*39.481 


766 


i/l2.727 


^420.353 


i4l9.959 


V,394 


^♦29,928 




















KHOLESALKBS 
Wholesale merohants 


1.095 


172.666 


24,400 


700 


8.623 


13.232 


12.965 


267 


17.702 


1,033 


161,306 


23,221 


669 


8,250 


12,575 


12,313 


262 


16,775 


Importers 


6 


1,811 


110 


3 


36 


56 


56 





69 


Industrial distributors 


14 


2,413 


484 


1 


159 


277 


276 


1 


348 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


5 


2,884 


126 




17 


92 


91 


1 


44 


Retailsr-eooperatiTe narehouses 


8 


2,129 


206 




80 


99 


99 





315 


Hagon distributors 


26 


1,124 


106 


26 


51 


62 


59 


3 


19 


All other 3/ 


3 


999 


147 


1 


30 


71 


71 


— 


132 


MANUFACTORSRS" SAT.KS BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTURERS' 3ALHS OFFICES 


161 


61,398 


6.811 


3 


2.008 


3,582 


3,542 


40 


5,421 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 


31 


10.867 


793 





223 


525 


522 


3 


.. 


120 


41.691 


6.221 


12 


1/ 


1/ 


U 


U 


4.139 


16 


2,107 


272 


11 


72 


133 


131 


2 


94 


Chain-operated stations 


82 


37,211 


5,383 


1 


1,432 


2,280 


2,252 


28 


3,766 


Commission stations 


22 


2,373 


566 




1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


279 


AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 


46 


14.096 


815 


33 


134 


366 


357 


9 


212 


7 


7,116 


87 


7 


14 


30 


28 


2 


4 


Manufacturers' agents 


26 


1,370 


139 


20 


53 


83 


77 


6 


4 


Selling agents 


6 


2,569 


82 





19 


42 


42 


— 





Other agents 4/ 


7 


3,041 


507 


6 


48 


211 


210 


1 


204 


ASSSIELERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


28 


5.360 


441 


18 


235 


235 


190 


45 


2.454 


16 


1,698 


133 


16 


65 


53 


50 


3 


2,424 


CooparatlTe marketing associations 


9 


3,410 


197 





88 


108 


102 


6 


30 


Packers and shippers 
BY EDJDS OF BUSINSSS: 


3 


252 


111 


2 


82 


74 


38 


36 


"~ 




















FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


1,095 


172.666 


24.400 


700 


8.623 


13.232 


12,965 


267 


17.702 


16 


771 


129 


12 


55 


66 


63 


3 


164 


AutonotiTe 


66 


8,478 


1,425 


43 


542 


826 


823 


3 


1,171 


Beer, wines and liquors 


68 


13,527 


1,563 


40 


585 


847 


840 


7 


954 


Chemicals and paints 


25 


2,186 


557 


13 


217 


315 


277 


38 


426 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


1,485 


181 


24 


60 


81 


79 


2 


230 


Coal and coke 


16 


8,554 


1,056 


6 


206 


403 


381 


22 


470 


Drugs (full line) 


5 


4,808 


660 





211 


360 


360 


— 


669 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


15 


1,656 


350 


8 


130 


174 


166 


8 


265 


Dry goods (full line) 


4 


1,224 


124 


5 


44 


64 


64 


— 


163 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


13 


341 


63 


7 


20 


28 


28 


— 


77 


Electrical goods 


41 


6,402 


1,079 


13 


351 


621 


607 


14 


974 


Farm products - raw materials 


22 


4,238 


1,181 


13 


488 


545 


524 


21 


1,028 


Farm products - consumer goods 


142 


21,054 


2,539 


121 


938 


1,370 


1,331 


39 


355 


Farm supplies 


12 


5,418 


582 


6 


101 


312 


309 


3 


323 


Furniture and house furnishings 


13 


2,316 


458 


4 


133 


239 


237 


2 


330 


General merchandise 


5 


1,199 


294 





114 


186 


186 


— 


267 


Groceries (full line) 


32 


14,211 


1,389 


19 


461 


749 


745 


4 


1,945 


Groceries and foods (specialty linos) 


161 


20,654 


2,167 


128 


789 


1,186 


1,161 


25 


1,001 


Hardware 


11 


1,095 


241 


5 


80 


116 


U3 


3 


165 


Jewelry and optical goods 


6 


669 


67 


4 


24 


29 


27 


2 


81 


Lumber and construction materials 


21 


6,053 


982 


6 


362 


574 


571 


3 


892 


Machinery, equipoient and supplies 


79 


7,732 


1,669 


33 


591 


971 


958 


13 


1,177 


Hatals and metal work (except scrap) 


12 


1,208 


233 


4 


99 


147 


145 


2 


354 


Paper and its products 


43 


5,528 


1,119 


16 


327 


670 


664 


6 


1,024 


Petroleum and Its products 


15 


2,853 


468 


14 


147 


240 


239 


1 


49 


Pltmibing and beating eqpt. and spls. 


46 


6,280 


1,319 


20 


441 


687 


681 


6 


1,597 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


40 


13,607 


675 


35 


261 


370 


361 


9 


764 


Waste materials 


91 


6,315 


1,345 


62 


627 


782 


759 


23 


572 


All other 


50 


2,804 


485 


39 


219 


274 


266 


8 


215 


(Continued on next page) 





















eompvnutioQ for proprielora and finn mambarB of 



rpoimlMl bui i nw w . 



Vol 11 - Page 15 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

of 
estab- 
lish 
ments 



Net 
sales 



Udd 000 J 



Operatirrg 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 

add 000 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

finr 
mem ben 



Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time ) . Avg. 
tor year 



Pay Roll* 
Udd 000 j 



Total 



Full-time 



Part-time 



Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 



MANUFACTURKRS' SALES BRANCHES 
(WITH STOCKS) 
AmuseueDt and sportine gcode 
Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Farm products - eonsuiaer goods 
Furniture and touse furniebings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines } 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, eqtilpmect and supplies 
Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 
All other ZJ 

MANDFACTUKERS ' SALES OFFICES 
(TraHOlT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 
Uacbinery, equlpinent and supplies 
Metals and metal work (except scrap) 
All other 6/ 

BULK TANK STATIONS 

FetroleuD and its products 

Atmns AND BROKERS 
Coal and coke 

Farm products - consumsr goods 
Furniture and bouse fumisbingB 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Uacblneryt equljment and supplies 
All other 7/ 

ASSEMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 
Farm products - coneuoer goods 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 



161 



♦61,398 



4 
18 

6 
10 

4 
63 

4 

4 
27 

5 
16 



31 



772 
4,904 
1,559 
1,037 

690 

35,058 

6,977 

243 
2,156 

889 
7,113 



10.867 



fe.sii 



119 
789 
303 
428 

73 

2,668 

743 

91 
599 
197 
801 



793 



2.008 



41 

243 

64 

87 

17 

939 

120 

34 

206 

49 

208 



223 



♦3.582 



69 
444 

140 

146 

39 

1,430 

317 
42 

454 
73 

428 



525 



♦3.542 



69 
443 
138 
142 

38 
.412 
317 

41 
451 

73 
418 



522 



♦40 



♦5.421 



2 

4 

1 
18 

1 
3 

10 



4 

13 

5 



120 



1,735 
1,725 
2,429 
4,978 



41.691 



208 

171 

57 

357 



6j221 



75 
52 
13 
83 



127 

135 

36 

227 



12 



1/ 



127 

132 

36 

227 



46 



14.096 



815 



33 



134 



366 



357 



5 


2,463 


5 


3,420 


4 


262 


4 


4,962 


12 


2,207 


16 


782 


28 


5,360 


14 


1,656 


11 


3,452 


3 


252 



72 
86 
24 
63 
501 
69 

441 



5 
3 
2 
9 
14 

16 



13 
17 
10 
13 
46 
35 

235 



34 
38 
17 
29 
214 
34 

235 



34 
37 
14 
27 
213 
32 

190 



1 
3 
2 
1 
2 

45 



126 
204 
111 



16 



60 
93 
82 



48 

113 

74 



46 

106 

38 



2 

7 

56 



18 

634 

24 

11 

45 

972 

2,819 

25 

223 

152 

498 



4.189 



212 



4 
200 



2.454 



2,419 
35 



*incluHc« no conipcnsalion for propnelors and firm member* ol unincorpoiatcd bujineisei 

1/ InasL."ieh as it was icipracti cable to obtain employment and pay roll for ooiaalsslon bulk tank stations, these data are 

not Included. 
2/ Includes stocks not owi;ed but held on eonslgninont valued at ♦744,000. 
^ Includes 2 voluntary-group wholesalers and 1 mail-order wholesaler, 
4/ Includes 1 auction company; 5 cosiLlssion merchants; and 1 export agent. 
5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in chemicals and paints; 1 in clothing and furnishings; 3 in drugs and drug sundries 

(specialty lines); 1 in dry goods (specialty lines); 3 In electrical goods; 1 In farm supplies; 2 In lumtier and oon- 

struccion materials; 1 In metals and metal work (except scrap); 1 in paper and its products; and 1 In all other 

products. 
6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In chemicals end paints; 2 in electrical goods; £ in jewelry and optical goods; 1 in 

plumbing and heating equlnnent and- supplies; 1 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 2 In all other produeta. 
7/ Includes £ establishments dealing in aausemont and sporting goods; 1 in clothing and furnishings; 1 in dry goods 

(specialty lines); £ In electrical goods; £ in farm products - raw materials; 2 in metals and metal work (except scrap); 

1 in petroleum and its products; 1 In plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; and 4 in all other products. 



Vol. II - Page 16 



Census of 

BUSINESS 


WHOIF.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 


1935 














STATE OF DELAWARE 












TABLE 1. 


SALES, 


EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 
of 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 


Active 
proprie 


Employees 
( full-time 




Pay Roll 
(add 000) 




Stocks on 


Type of operation 
and kind of business 


e»tab- 
lish 


salu 


( including 
pay roll ) 


tors and 
firm 


and part- 
time). Avg. 






hand, end 
of year 










menu 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


member 


for year 


Total 


FuHtime 


Part-time 


(add 000 > 


Wl'ALS, 1935: 

FULL-SEH7ICE AND LIMITKD-rUNCTION 


262 


$106,300 


♦l0,061 


148 


•i/ 1.899 


i/t3.175 


i/|3.110 


l/»65 


2/|7,057 




















KH0LE3ALEXS 
Kholesale merchants 


145 


25,722 


3,069 


87 


1,116 


1.514 


1,483 


31 


2.119 


133 


22,973 


2,805 


83 


1,011 


1,347 


1,318 


29 


1,819 


Wagon distributors 


6 


240 


31 


4 


11 


13 


11 


2 


6 


All other 3/ 


6 


2,509 


233 


— 


94 


154 


154 


~ 


294 


MANUFACTOREIS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(With stoclcs) 
MANUFACTOREHS' SAT.KS OFFICES 


23 


67,864 


5,672 


— 


520 


1,347 


1,336 


11 


4,729 




















(TJlthout stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEOU) 
Independent stations 


5 


2,034 


378 


2 


20 


42 


42 








36 


6,879 


764 


1 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


188 


5 


471 


70 


1 


22 


27 


27 





21 


Chain-operated stations 


21 


5,638 


556 


— 


129 


188 


186 


2 


124 


Cooalsslon stations 


10 


770 


138 


~ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


43 


AGENTS AND BROKEBS 
Auction companies 


16 


2,301 


100 


15 


50 


33 


25 


8 


3 


3 


7E4 


32 


4 


22 


12 


8 


4 


— 


Brokers 


6 


922 


44 


6 


12 


7 


5 


2 


3 


Other agents 4/ 


7 


655 


24 


5 


16 


14 


12 


2 


~ 


ASSBffiLERS 

Country bujrers of farm products 


37 


1,500 


78 


43 


42 


24 


11 


13 


18 


33 


1,169 


57 


36 


38 


19 


6 


13 


3 


All other 5/ 
BY KDffie OF BUSINESS: 


4 


331 


21 


7 


4 


5 


5 


-- 


15 




















rULL-SER7ICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 




















KHOLESALEHS 
AutomOtlTe 


145 


25.722 


3.059 


87 


1.116 


1.514 


1.483 


31 


2. 119 


5 


745 


204 


2 


70 


111 


111 





197 


Beer, wines and liquors 


13 


2,251 


292 


5 


112 


206 


203 


3 


133 


Chemicals and paints 


3 


246 


54 


2 


23 


31 


31 


— 


40 


Drugs (full lino) 


1> 


















Drugs and drug sundries 




8,188 


709 


1 


72 


121 


121 


— 


172 


(specialty lines) 


z) 


















Electrical goods 


5 


678 


130 


1 


50 


76 


76 


— 


124 


Farm products - raw materials 


3 


801 


72 


3 


26 


37 


34 


3 


42 


Farm products - consumer goods 


26 


1,792 


213 


29 


107 


87 


79 


8 


17 


Groceries (full line) 


5 


2,516 


186 


1 


80 


110 


110 


— 


355 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


26 


2,373 


254 


19 


120 


150 


148 


2 


196 


Lumber and construction materials 


9 


1,429 


257 


— 


115 


143 


139 


4 


187 


Kaehlnery, equipment and supplies 


5 


137 


41 


2 


18 


24 


24 


— 


29 


Paper and Its products 


5 


82 


31 


2 


19 


19 


17 


2 


17 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. end spls. 


6 


1,439 


254 


1 


87 


172 


172 


— 


274 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


4 


1,643 


83 


3 


32 


58 


58 


— 


67 


Waste materials 


11 


267 


55 


9 


48 


31 


28 


3 


31 


All other 6/ 


16 


1,135 


234 


7 


137 


138 


132 


6 


238 


UANUFACTURKRS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(WITO STOCKS) 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


23 


67,864 


5,572 


— 


520 


1,347 


1,336 


11 


4,729 


9 


4,886 


476 


— 


187 


288 


284 


4 


107 


Uachlnery, equlposnt and supplies 


4 


297 


72 


— 


25 


60 


60 


— 


28 


All other 7/ 


10 


63,281 


5,124 


— 


308 


999 


992 


7 


4,594 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 




















(wrraouT STOCKS) §/ 

BULK TANK STATIOKS 


5 


2,034 


378 


2 


20 


42 


42 


— 


— 










1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 




Petroleum and Its products 

AISMTS AND BROKERS 

Fam products - consumer goods 


36 


6,879 


764 


1 


188 


15 


2.301 


100 


15 


50 


33 


25 


8 


3 


7 


1,257 


46 


6 


13 


8 


5 


3 


3 


Fam supplies 


3 


52 


2 


3 


1 


— 


— 


— 


— 


All other 9/ 


6 


998 


58 


6 


3« 


25 


20 


5 


— — 


(Continued on next page) 






• 















Vol. II - Page 17 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 
STATE OF DELAWARE 



1935 



TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of operation 
and kind of business 



Number 
ol 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net 
sales 

(add 000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(including 

pay roll ) 

( add 000 ) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time)- Av^. 
for year 



Pay Roll 
(add 000) 



Total 



FuH lime Part-Ume 



Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 



ASSEUBlfRS 

Farm products - raw materials 
Farm products - consumer goods 
All other 10/ 



37 



11 

22 

4 



♦1.500 



♦78 



♦24 



332 

1,096 

72 



18 

53 

7 



14 

24 

5 



8 

32 

2 



6 

16 

2 



Jii. 



♦13 



1 
11 

1 



J18. 



1 

14 

3 



1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employiaent and pay roll for comraieslon bulk tank stations, these data are 

not included. 
2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $39,000, 
3/ Includes 1 voluntary-group wholesaler; 1 industrial distributor; 2 drop shippers or desk Jobbers; 

cooperative warehouses. 
4/ Includes 1 export agent and 6 menufacturers* agents. 

5/ Includes 1 cooperative marketing association and 3 packers and shippers. 
6/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 In clothing and furnishings; 1 in farm supplies; 

2 in furniture and house furnishings; 1 in general merchandise; 1 In hardware; 

7 in all other products. 
7/ Includes 3 establishments dealing in automotive products; 3 In chemicals and paints; 

(specialty lines) ; and 3 in farm products - consumer goods. 
8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in chemicals and paints; 1 in lumber and construction materials; 1 in machinery, 

equipment and supplies; 1 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 1 In all other products. 
9/ Includes 2 establishments dealing In farm products - raw materials; 1 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; 

and 3 in all other products. 
10/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in farm supplies and 2 in groceries and foods (specialty lines). 



and 2 retailer 

and furnishings; 
1 in Jewelry and optical goods; and 

1 in drugs and drug sundries 



Vol. II - Page 18 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 


1935 












DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 












TABLE 1. 


SALES, 


EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of operation 
and kind of business 


Number 

of 

estab- 


Net 
sales 


Operating 
expense; 
( including 


Active 
proprie 
tors and 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 


lish. 


pay roll ) 


firm 


time). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


(add 0001 


(add GOO) 


members 


for year 


Total 


FuHtime 


Part-time 


(add 000 > 


TOTALS, 1935: 

B1JIX-SEi?VICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


629 


$242,729 


$23,993 


327 


8,274 


$13,819 


$13,641 


*178 


■^413.088 




















WHOLESALERS 
Wholesale merchante 


432 


130,228 


16,163 


270 


5,982 


9,419 


9,305 


114 


10,555 


410 


118,244 


14,932 


259 


5,470 


8,774 


8,666 


108 


9,427 


Retailer cooperative warehouses 


3 


6,800 


395 


— 


233 


269 


266 


3 


728 


Wagon distributors 


14 


1,885 


234 


9 


94 


161 


158 


3 


83 


All other 2/ 


5 


3,299 


602 


2 


185 


215 


215 


— 


317 


MANUFACTURERS' RAT.TB BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
IIANUTACTURIES" SAI.PB OFFICES 


77 


53,853 


4,658 


1 


1,393 


2,779 


2,740 


39 


2,044 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETEOLEUM) 3/ 

AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 


43 


25,898 


1,452 





367 


816 


813 


3 


— 


8 


10,251 


836 


4 


291 


395 


379 


16 


280 


66 


20,995 


822 


51 


225 


388 


382 


6 


159 


19 


8,724 


163 


17 


52 


86 


85 


1 


7 


Commission merchants 


7 


3,010 


238 


4 


94 


147 


147 


— 


38 


Manufacturers' agents 


34 


5,925 


220 


28 


65 


102 


97 


5 


40 


Selling agents 


6 


3,336 


201 


2 


14 


53 


53 


— 


74 


ASSEMBLERS 4/ 


3 


1,504 


62 


1 


16 


22 


22 





50 




















BT KINDS OF BUSINESS: 




















FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


TOOLRRALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


432 


130,228 


16,163 


270 


5,982 


9,419 


9,305 


114 


10,555 


10 


1,227 


266 


5 


112 


175 


171 


4 


112 


Automotive 


30 


9,337 


1,148 


25 


459 


653 


653 


— 


596 


Beer, wines and liquors 


29 


9,511 


1,122 


4 


357 


608 


603 


5 


697 


Chemicals and paints 


10 


1,141 


230 


7 


82 


136 


135 


1 


206 


Clothing and furnishings 


4 


249 


29 


7 


9 


13 


13 


— 


74 


Coal and coke 


3 


1,710 


118 


3 


34 


62 


53 


9 


157 


Drugs (full line) 


2 


















Drugs and drug sundries 




2,580 


243 


2 


120 


173 


173 


— 


477 


(specialty lines) 


4 


















Dry goods (full line) 


1 
5 


771 


■ 112 


4 


44 


76 


76 





208 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


















Electrical goods 


17 


8,658 


1,533 


3 


574 


1,058 


1,058 


— 


1,020 


Farm products - consumer goods 


67 


18,490 


2,538 


54 


866 


1,226 


1,196 


30 


257 


Furniture and house furnishings 


3 


535 


49 





12 


29 


29 





21 


Groceries (full line) 


11 


11,031 


872 


7 


393 


590 


582 


8 


1,319 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


80 


19,060 


2,333 


53 


920 


1,420 


1,409 


11 


1,031 


Hardware 


7 


2,620 


443 


4 


143 


308 


308 





491 


Jewelry and optical goods 


9 


3,864 


197 


5 


66 


126 


110 


16 


338 


Lumber and construction materials 


16 


5,715 


1,105 


10 


374 


522 


511 


11 


787 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


2,366 


579 


9 


202 


354 


354 




466 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


5 


929 


215 


1 


84 


117 


116 


1 


144 


Paper and its products 


24 


6,162 


845 


16 


286 


495 


495 


1 


511 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


11 


5,109 


562 


1 


193 


341 


339 


2 


511 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


15 


9,304 


457 


14 


170 


307 


307 


_^ 


489 


Waste materials 


32 


3,190 


463 


28 


305 


326 


311 


15 


354 


All other 5/ 


17 


6,669 


704 


8 


177 


303 


303 




189 


MANUFACTURERS' RALES BRANCHES 




















Cwm STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


77 


53,853 


4,658 


1 


1,393 


2,779 


2,740 


39 


2,044 


5 


1,690 


322 





110 


189 


188 


1 


79 


Automotive 


11 


13,844 


639 





173 


351 


341 


10 


421 


Electrical goods 


4 


7,018 


261 





59 


115 


115 




218 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


3,467 


212 





42 


86 


86 


__ 


201 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


12 


16,951 


1,263 





447 


710 


702 


8 


445 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


22 


5,283 


1,165 





330 


911 


904 


7 


309 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


7 


1,871 


375 





128 


190 


177 


13 


194 


All other 6/ 


12 


3,729 


421 


1 


104 


227 


227 




177 


(Continued on next page) 







































Vol. II 


- Page 19 


BUSINESS WHOI.F.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 










TABLE 1.. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 




BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 




Type of operation 


Number 
of 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 


Active 
proprie- 


Employees 
(full-lime 


Pay Roll 
(add 0001 


Stocks on 
hand, end 


and kind of business 


estab- 


sales 


( including 


tors and 


and part- 






lish- 




pay roll ) 


firm 


time). Avf, 
for year 










of year 




ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 


Total 


FulUime 


Part-time 


(add 000^ 


MANDFACTORIHS' SALES OFFICES 






















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
Amusemsnt and sporting goods 


43 


*35.898 


11.452 


— 


367 


$816 




t813 


1 3 





5 


3,464 


443 




151 


242 




242 








Lumbar and construction materials 


7 


592 


106 


— 


25 


62 




60 


2 





Machinery, equipment and supplies 


13 


5,235 


256 


— 


44 


172 




172 







Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


7 


5,682 


161 





40 


92 




91 


1 


__ 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


4 


208 


40 





8 


25 




25 




^^ 


All other 7/ 


7 


10,717 


446 


~ 


99 


223 




223 


~ 


~ 


BDLK TANK STATIONS 






















Petroleum and Its products 

AfiEOTS AND BT.QKERS 
Automot ive 


8 


10,251 


836 


4 


291 


395 




379 


16 


$280 


66 


20,995 


822 


51 


225 


388 


382 


6 


159 


3 


1,665 


79 


1 


16 


29 




29 





31 


Farm products - consumer gaods 


10 


4,618 


237 


7 


97 


147 




146 


1 


34 


Orocerles and foods (specialty lines) 


13 


5,740 


83 


12 


32 


46 




46 





4 


Lumber and construction materials 


4 


611 


48 


2 


8 


18 




18 







Mcchinery, equipment and supplies 


12 


3,R43 


83 


9 


18 


44 




42 


2 


6 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


3 


587 


10 


2 


2 


3 




3 





1 


Paper and Its products 


4 


466 


5 


5 


3 


3 




3 


«_ 




Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


3 


112 


13 


3 


5 


5 




4 


1 


_. 


All other 8/ 


14 


3,353 


264 


10 


44 


93 




91 


2 


83 


ASSnifHI.ERS 9/ 


3 


1.504 


62 


1 


16 


22 




22 


— 


SO 


1/ Includes stocks not owned but held on 


:onsignm 


ent valued < 


it $328,000 
















2/ Includes 2 Industrial distributors and 3 drop shippers or desk jobbers. 






3/ Includes 1 independent station and 7 chain-operated stations. 






4/ Includes 1 country buyer of farm products and 2 cooperative marketing associations. 






5/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in farm products - raw materials; 1 in farm supplies 


: 1 in general 


merchandise; 1 in 


petroleum and its products; and 13 in all otter products. 






6/ Includes 3 establishments dealing In beer, wines and liquors; 2 in chemicals and paints; 3 in drugs 


and drug sundries 


(specialty lines); 1 In Jewelry and optical goods; 1 in lumber and construction raster 


ials; 1 in metals and metal work 


(except scrap): and 1 in paper and its products. 






7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in chemicals and paints; 3 in electrical goods; 1 in 


groceries and 


foods (specialty 


lines); 1 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 1 in all other products. 






8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in chemicals and paints; 2 in coal and coke; 2 in drugs and drug sundries (specialty 


lines); 3 in electrical goods; 1 in farm supplies; 2 in furniture and house furnishings; and 3 in all other products. 


9/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in farm products - consumer goods and 1 In all other products. 





Vol. 11 - Page 20 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF FLORIDA 












TABLE l.-SAl F.S, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll* 




Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 


Type o( Operation 
Kind oi Business 


ol 
e>tab- 
lish- 


Net 
sales 


expenses 
( including 
pay roll) 


proprie- 
ors and 

iirm 


( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
(or year 


(add 000) 




Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 




ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 








(add 000) 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FULL-SBR7ICE AND UMITED-FONCTION 


2.239 


t399,290 


»46.521 


1.005 


i/l8,573 


3/i21.845 


i/$21.028 


i/$817 §f'»29.135 




















HTHOLESALBRS 
Wholesale merchants 


1.096 


171.462 


21.235 


666 


8.539 


11.550 


11.335 


215 


21,593 


998 


152,649 


19,138 


606 


7,744 


10,428 


10,235 


193 


19, 2U 


Exporters 


10 


7,089 


260 


3 


100 


106 


98 


8 


720 


Ijnporters 


6 


744 


47 


5 


20 


19 


18 


1 


84 


Industrial distributors 


15 


5,835 


1,134 


6 


404 


669 


667 


2 


1,347 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbsrs 


9 


1,435 


134 


4 


30 


57 


54 


3 


— 


Wagon distributors 


53 


2,997 


430 


39 


208 


229 


221 


8 


126 


All other 3/ 


5 


713 


92 


3 


33 


42 


42 


— 


105 


MANU7ACTDRKHS' SALES BRANCHBS 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTOKBRS' SAT,E,S OTFICSS 


157 


68.137 


5.865 





1.843 


2.834 


2,764 


70 


3.675 




















(Without stocks) 

BDLK TANK STATIONS (PETRaLEOM) 
Independent stations 


20 


13.914 


1.126 





125 


281 


281 


_ 


-. 


498 


59,980 


8.614 


27 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


2,708 


28 


3,108 


365 


14 


120 


190 


188 


2 


86 


Chain-operated stations 


249 


44,069 


5,471 


13 


1,507 


2,474 


2,430 


44 


1,663 


Conmlssion stations 


221 


12,803 


2,778 


— 


1/ 


1/ 


v 


1/ 


959 


AQENTS AND BKOEBfiS 
Brokers 


147 


39.474 


1.213 


114 


443 


590 


551 


39 


653 


62 


21,038 


483 


51 


167 


269 


259 


10 


513 


Comolsslon msrohants 


19 


11,378 


232 


14 


143 


115 


83 


27 


11 


Export agents 


7 


1,373 


54 


4 


9 


24 


24 


_ 


35 


Manufacturers' agents 


43 


1,595 


135 


36 


73 


83 


82 


1 


69 


Selling agents 


11 


3,818 


286 


7 


40 


83 


82 


1 


24 


Other agents 4l/ 


5 


272 


23 


2 


11 


16 


16 


— 


1 


ASSBSIBLEES 

Cooperative marketing associations 


321 


46,323 


8.468 


198 


5.996 


3.926 


3.479 


447 


506 


40 


13,592 


1,712 


— 


1,426 


937 


912 


25 


140 


Packers and shippers 


230 


29,919 


6,612 


149 


4,443 


2,924 


2,508 


416 


344 


All other 5/ 
BY KINDS OF BUSIKESS: 


51 


2,812 


144 


49 


127 


65 


59 


6 


22 




















rULL-SBEVICE AND IJMia'ED-FtnJCTION 


WHDLESAIKRS 
Amusesient and sporting goods 


1,096 


171.462 


21.235 


666 


8.539 


11.550 


U.335 


215 


21.593 


6 


384 


82 


3 


24 


28 


28 


— 


80 


AutonotiTe 


79 


6,464 


1,237 


50 


542 


785 


775 


10 


971 


Beer, wines and liquors 


44 


14,445 


1,617 


11 


519 


719 


708 


u 


2,018 


Chemicals and paints 


22 


13,298 


354 


6 


102 


165 


155 


10 


1,266 


Clothing and furnishings 


20 


838 


130 


15 


55 


77 


76 


1 


126 


Drugs (full line) 


9 


7,841 


1,098 


— 


351 


577 


575 


2 


1,695 


Drugs end drug sundries 




















(specialty linee) 


15 


368 


65 


11 


26 


32 


32 


— 


55 


Dry goods (full line) 


5 


1,677 


210 


4 


71 


142 


142 


m^ 


238 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


3 


71 


14 


3 


6 


10 


10 


— 


29 


Electrical goods 


44 


6,040 


921 


8 


320 


545 


541 


4 


1,005 


Farm products - raw materials 


11 


1,258 


130 


12 


63 


57 


55 


2 


127 


Farm products » consujoar goods 


135 


12,670 


1,750 


118 


844 


878 


842 


36 


338 


Term supplies 


31 


6,342 


778 


19 


278 


385 


376 


9 


691 


Furniture and house furnishings 


14 


2,306 


305 


5 


112 


201 


193 


8 


431 


Groceries (full line) 


69 


26,326 


2,618 


22 


1,002 


1,456 


1,448 


8 


2,951 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


250 


19,853 


2,573 


215 


1,144 


1,328 


1,303 


25 


1,549 


Hardware 


12 


4,389 


965 


2 


400 


580 


579 


1 


1,U0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


6 


710 


193 


1 


31 


139 


139 


— 


400 


Lumber and construction materials 


59 


9,456 


1,635 


18 


718 


819 


781 


38 


1,453 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


68 


6,092 


1,211 


31 


485 


714 


697 


17 


1,475 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


3 


786 


122 


1 


29 


65 


63 


2 


52 


P^er and its products 


35 


4,168 


745 


16 


299 


451 


449 


2 


839 


Petroleum and its products 


18 


3,009 


358 


6 


131 


235 


234 


1 


249 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


16 


2,235 


339 


2 


118 


189 


187 


2 


449 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


36 


15,879 


907 


26 


365 


501 


501 


— 


1,364 


Waste materials 


28 


1,393 


298 


23 


195 


149 


141 


8 


264 


All other 6/ 


58 


3,164 


580 


38 


309 


323 


305 


18 


368 


(Continued on next page) 





































Vol. II 


- Page 21 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 






BUSINESS STATE OF FLORIDA 






TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 
estab- 


1 

Net 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 
( includtng 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 


Employees 
I full-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000 1 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










lish. 




pay roll ^ 


firm 


time)- Avg. 










ments 


(add 000 1 


(add 000) 


members 


lor year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


MiaroFACTUHKRS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(WITH arocKS) 

iUitoiLotlve 


157 


»66,137 


♦5,865 





1,843 


12,834 


»2.764 


% 70 


13,675 


13 


27,268 


1,199 


— 


305 


555 


554 


1 


1,057 


Beer, wines and llquorB 


24 


1,773 


437 


— 


UO 


163 


163 


__ 


47 


Cbamlcals and paints 


6 


1,418 


297 


— 


86 


144 


142 


2 


245 


Electrical goods 


6 


663 


38 


— 


15 


19 


18 


1 


70 


Farm products - consumer goods 


4 


229 


98 


_ 


29 


38 


38 


._ 


1 


Farm supplies 


10 


1,835 


370 


_ 


91 


165 


160 


5 


202 


drooeries and foods (specialty lines) 


54 


31,209 


2,684 





907 


1,290 


1,260 


30 


1,592 


Jewelry and optical goods 


7 


259 


107 





44 


68 


68 




32 


Macliinery, equipment and supplies 


21 


1,291 


330 


— 


137 


253 


228 


25 


160 


Flumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


4 


1,196 


186 


— 


78 


71 


65 


6 


196 


All other 7/ 


8 


996 


U9 


— 


41 


68 


68 


— 


73 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES aFTICBS 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 8/ 
BULK TANK STATICMS 


20 


13,914 


1.126 





125 


281 


281 


_« 


.» 




















Petroleum and its products 
ACHTTS AND BHDKKHS 

AutOBOtlTe 


498 


59,980 


8.614 


27 


ll 


ll 


U 


ll 


2,708 


147 


39.474 


1.213 


114 


443 


590 


551 


39 


653 


4 


26 


7 


5 


6 


4 


4 


_« 


3 


Chemicals and paints 


e 


3,059 


75 


3 


21 


46 


45 


1 


54 


Electrical goods 


4 


182 


18 


2 


12 


13 


13 





36 


Farm products - raw materials 


8 


2,252 


50 


5 


15 


14 


14 





1 


Farm products - consuuier goods 


29 


10,949 


245 


31 


159 


112 


79 


33 


16 


Farm supplies 


5 


305 


12 


5 


5 


9 


9 


_ 


_ 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


40 


17,743 


408 


23 


136 


248 


246 


2 


460 


Lumber and construction materials 


20 


4,524 


346 


14 


67 


116 


114 


2 


34 


Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


15 


263 


40 


12 


17 


24 


23 


1 


19 


All other 9/ 


14 


171 


12 


14 


5 


4 


4 


— 


30 


ASSKUBLKRS 

Farm products - raw materials 


321 


46.323 


8,468 


198 


5.996 


3,986 


3.479 


447 


506 


24 


1,025 


64 


23 


55 


27 


24 


3 


20 


Farm products - oonsumer goods 


251 


43,615 


8,036 


133 


5,746 


3,763 


3,339 


424 


464 


Farm supplies 


6 


296 


32 


4 


15 


11 


9 


2 


1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


37 


1,352 


326 


37 


171 


119 


101 


18 


20 


All other 


3 


35 


10 


1 


9 


6 


6 




1 


"Includes no compensation (or propriclori and firm memberi of unincorporated businesses 




i 


1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for comnission bulk tank stations, these data are | 


not included. 






2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on conelguDsnt valued at $1,164,000. 






3/ Includes 1 voluntary-group wholesaler; 1 converter; and 3 mall-order vAolesalars. 






4/ Includes 2 auction companies and 3 import agents. 






5/ Includes 50 country buyers of farm products and 1 elevator (grain). 






6/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in general merchandise and 56 in all other products. 






7/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 3 in furniture and house fu 


imishings; 


1 in metals 


and metal work (except scrap); and 2 in all other products. 






^ Includes 1 establishment dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 in beer, wines and liquors 


; 1 in chemicals and | 


paints; 3 in electrical goods; 3 in farm supplies; 1 In furniture and house furnishings; 3 in 


groceries 


and foods 


(specialty lines); 1 in lumber and construction materials; 2 in machinery, equipment and suppl 


les; 1 in 


petrolevan 


and its products; 2 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 1 in all other products. 






9/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 1 in furniture and house fumishi 


ngs; 1 in 


general 


merchandise; 1 in hardware; 1 in paper and its products; 1 in petroleum and its products; 1 ir 


plumbing 


and heating 


equipment and supplies; and 7 in all other products. 







Vol. 11 - Page 22 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF GEORGIA 












TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


, PAY 


^OLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll* 




Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 


Type ol Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
estab- 
lish. 


Net 
sales 


expenses 

( including 
pay roll) 


proprie- 
tors and 
firm 


( lull-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
(or year 


( 


add 000) 




Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 




ments 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 








(add 000) 


TOTALS, 1935: 

rOIX-SERVICE AND LMITED-FUNCTICIN 


2,667 


$605,272 


$58,005 


1,371 


^18,444 


^$25,601 


i'$25,016 


^♦585 


^$43,285 




















SHQLESAIERS 
Wholesale merchants 


1,085 


228,731 


26,035 


677 


10,533 


13,122 


12,866 


256 


25,890 


966 


196,148 


23,665 


591 


9,888 


12,162 


11,914 


248 


23,500 


Exporters 


6 


11,551 


617 


1 


94 


202 


199 


3 


1,151 


Importers 


3 


2,329 


250 


— 


18 


45 


45 


— 


170 


Industrial distributors 


11 


2,650 


591 


3 


184 


319 


319 


— 


603 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


22 


10,635 


327 


14 


59 


90 


88 


2 


2 


Wagon distributors 


72 


2,415 


377 


68 


201 


198 


195 


3 


82 


All other 3/ 


5 


3,003 


208 


— 


89 


106 


106 


— 


382 


UANOTACTURERS' SALiS BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
UANDFACTDRSES- SALES OFFICES 


247 


136,675 


15,854 


2 


4.013 


6.920 


6.817 


103 


10,182 




















(Without stocks) 

BOLE TANK STATICKS (FEISOLEDM) 
Independent stations 


107 


53,414 


5,387 


1 


886 


1,836 


1,813 


23 


— 


529 


43,278 


6.459 


57 


1/ 


1/ 


i/ 


1/ 


1.811 


66 


5,944 


626 


50 


245 


324 


317 


7 


211 


Chain-operated stations 


206 


19,623 


2,811 


7 


998 


1,545 


1,519 


26 


866 


Conmisslon stations 


255 


17,711 


3,022 


— 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


734 


ACanS AND BROKmS 
Auction companies 


313 


107,727 


2,870 


278 


878 


1.319 


1.262 


57 


4.155 


17 


5;167 


138 


18 


111 


76 


49 


27 


.2 


Brokers 


90 


63,921 


924 


84 


239 


440 


430 


10 


331 


Commission merchants 


51 


25,330 


1,067 


37 


272 


408 


401 


7 


3,489 


Manufacturers' agents 


107 


9,558 


497 


102 


164 


264 


254 


10 


96 


Selling agents 


44 


3,247 


184 


35 


61 


96 


93 


3 


237 


Other agents 4/ 


4 


504 


60 


2 


11 


35 


35 


"~ 


-" 


ASSWBLmS 

Country buyers of farm products 


386 


35,447 


1,400 


356 


891 


535 


422 


113 


1.247 


347 


23,154 


1,070 


337 


661 


356 


276 


80 


1,075 


Cooperative marketing associations 


9 


6,499 


229 


— 


80 


114 


107 


7 


149 


Packers and shippers 


10 


358 


73 


3 


107 


42 


29 


13 


6 


All other 5/ 
BY KINDS 01 BUSINESS: 


20 


436 


28 


16 


43 


23 


10 


13 


17 




















FOIL-SEEZVICE AlH) LTMTTH)-HINCTION 


WHOT.TSALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


1,085 


228,731 


26,035 


677 


10,533 


13,122 


12,866 


256 


25,890 


12 


1,957 


435 


— 


120 


208 


206 


2 


265 


Automotive 


64 


10,818 


2,010 


21 


765 


1,140 


1,132 


8 


1,211 


Beer, wines and liquors 


36 


2,836 


449 


24 


261 


249 


247 


2 


192 


Chemicals and paints 


12 


9,434 


404 


4 


130 


222 


217 


5 


819 


Clothing and furnishings 


35 


3,806 


443 


17 


176 


258 


253 


5 


360 


Drugs (full line) 


13 


7,650 


997 


2 


332 


485 


485 


— 


1,302 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


21 


1,972 


622 


9 


178 


267 


264 


3 


154 


Dry goods (full line) 


21 


6,373 


922 


17 


271 


509 


490 


19 


1,149 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


8 


504 


59 


8 


22 


27 


27 


— 


48 


Electrical goods 


25 


7,356 


1,121 


10 


340 


579 


577 


2 


1,026 


Farm products - raw materials 


36 


32,461 


2,432 


21 


607 


597 


570 


27 


4,560 


Farm products - consumer goods 


109 


11,939 


1,485 


73 


739 


691 


678 


13 


239 


Farm supplies 


26 


7,715 


628 


20 


166 


253 


246 


7 


637 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


2,594 


475 


5 


139 


267 


266 


1 


458 


General merchandise 


3 


863 


101 


1 


31 


44 


42 


2 


69 


Croceries (full line) 


140 


46,147 


3,449 


84 


1,473 


1,904 


1,894 


10 


4,423 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


236 


25,403 


3,104 


189 


2,102 


1,691 


1,583 


108 


2,673 


Hardware 


15 


7,405 


1,101 


5 


407 


671 


671 


— 


1,759 


Jewelry and optical goods 


6 


825 


231 


1 


77 


135 


134 


1 


248 


Lumber and construction materlalB 


29 


3,245 


379 


23 


165 


161 


159 


2 


236 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


6S 


6,782 


1,619 


38 


540 


891 


887 


4 


1,372 


Metals and metal work (except sorap) 


6 


1,331 


218 


2 


60 


112 


112 


— 


167 


Paper and its products 


18 


2,536 


408 


10 


155 


262 


260 


2 


482 


Petroleum and its products 


U 


1,695 


439 


7 


87 


188 


187 


1 


82 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spli. 


16 


2,143 


458 


10 


149 


234 


233 


1 


287 


Tobacco and its products (axeapt l**f) 


22 


10,885 


597 


14 


212 


289 


286 


3 


546 


Waste materials 


55 


6,072 


606 


47 


398 


320 


309 


11 


375 


All other 6/ 


35 


6,014 


843 


15 


431 


468 


451 


17 


751 


(continued oo Mzt pat*) 





































VoL II 


- ."age 23 


CENSUS OF 


WHOI.F.SALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF GEORGIA 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll" 




Stocks on 
hand, end 


Type of Operation 
Kind o( Business 


oi 
e«t«b- 


Nel 
sales 


expenses 
( including 


proprie- 
tors and 


( full-time 
and part- 




add 000) 




luh- 




pay roll ) 


firm 


time). Avg. 








of year 




ments 


(add 0001 


(add 0001 


members 


for year 


lotai 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


MUJOTACTURIES' SMJS BRANURKS 




















(WIIB STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


247 


$136,675 


?15,854 


2 


4,013 


$6,920 


$6,817 


$103 


$10,182 


6 


2,009 


411 


— 


135 


170 


170 





142 


Autonotlve 


28 


40,267 


2,976 


1 


718 


1,391 


1,366 


25 


3,821 


Beer, wines and liquors 


13 


1,508 


292 





32 


59 


59 




5 


Chemicals and paints 


10 


3,866 


1,118 





183 


331 


330 


1 


365 


Clothing and furnishings 


4 


607 


125 





48 


91 


90 


1 


82 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


6 


1,733 


396 





94 


225 


225 





229 


Electrical goods 


14 


10,844 


1,219 





324 


627 


626 


1 


1,130 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


1,010 


120 


— 


35 


60 


58 


2 


76 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


69 


54,616 


5,220 





1,280 


1,961 


1,934 


27 


1,862 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


375 


221 





75 


126 


126 




131 


Lumber and construction materials 


5 


627 


94 





67 


64 


39 


25 


60 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


57 


10,569 


2,170 


1 


692 


1,245 


1,230 


15 


1,600 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


4 


2,594 


321 


— 


65 


101 


100 


1 


119 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


7 


2,859 


436 


— 


121 


189 


185 


4 


316 


All other 7/ 


16 


3,191 


735 


— 


144 


280 


279 


1 


242 


MAOTTAC'lUKERS' SAUS OFFICES 




















(WiraOOT STOCKS) 
Amusonent and sporting goods 


107 


53,414 


5,387 


1 


886 


1.836 


1,813 


23 


__ 


4 


2,627 


430 


— 


152 


221 


221 




_. 


Electrical goods 


8 


1,776 


171 


— 


33 


81 


81 


_„ 





Farm supplies 


4 


2,606 


204 


— 


42 


75 


73 


2 


__ 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


5 


4,662 


1,504 


— 


72 


181 


181 




__ 


Lumber and construction materials 


10 


5,876 


736 





173 


354 


354 





__ 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


27 


4,515 


485 


1 


124 


259 


239 


20 


__ 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


U 


7.726 


364 




71 


202 


202 








Paper and Its products 


5 


923 


101 


— 


21 


61 


60 


1 





Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


7 


308 


50 


— 


18 


36 


36 







Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 


5 


16,747 


898 





81 


157 


157 


__ 


__ 


All other 8/ 


18 


5,648 


444 


~ 


99 


209 


209 


— 


— 


BULK TUJK STATimB 




















Petroleum and Its products 

ACaiTS AND HiOKTO.S 

Amusement and sporting goods 


529 


43,278 


6,459 


57 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1,811 


313 


107,727 


2,870 


278 


878 


1,319 


1,262 


57 


4.155 


3 


145 


11 


3 


4 


3 


1 


2 


— 


Automotive 


9 


886 


51 


7 


25 


29 


28 


1 


46 


Chemicals and paints 


12 


5,335 


373 


5 


87 


214 


214 


._ 


41 


Clothing and furnishings 


3 


419 


6 


4 


1 


1 


1 








Coal and coke 


4 


251 


16 


3 


8 


12 


10 


2 


_. 


Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 


I] 


1,840 


80 


1 


16 


38 


38 


~ 


2 


Electrical goods 


17 


1,967 


83 


19 


25 


36 


35 


1 


15 


Farm products - raw materials 


65 


32,724 


921 


68 


265 


254 


222 


32 


3,248 


Faun products - consumer goods 


8 


3,543 


152 


7 


54 


73 


71 


2 


6 


Farm supplies 


43 


3,046 


59 


43 


30 


36 


34 


2 


27 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


61 


43,253 


525 


51 


176 


319 


316 


3 


497 


Lumber and construction materials 


17 


1,650 


138 


13 


44 


76 


74 


2 


226 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


29 


2,210 


148 


27 


45 


66 


63 


3 


19 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


4 


315 


29 


3 


12 


12 


12 


— 


— 


Paper and its products 


6 


1,068 


48 


4 


10 


21 


21 


— 


4 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


8 


426 


16 


7 


6 


6 


6 


— 


2 


Waste materials 


4 


958 


57 


3 


10 


20 


19 


1 


22 


All other 9/ 


14 


7,691 


157 


10 


60 


103 


97 


6 




(continued oa next pa^e) 




1 

















Vol. II - Page 24 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



1935 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 
STATE OF GEORGIA 

TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

o( 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Net 
sates 



(add 000) 



Operatinfi 
expenses 
( including 
pay Toll ) 
(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
( tulltime 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 



Total 



Full-time Part-time 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 



ASSEMBLIES 

Farm products - raw materials 

Farm products - consumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

All other 



386 



$35.447 



297 

45 

14 

24 

6 



31,366 

1,490 

340 

2,198 

53 



$1.400 



356 



891 



$535 



957 

114 

21 

304 

4 



293 

36 

13 

9 

5 



454 
68 
18 

343 
8 



316 
52 

9 
155 

3 



$422 



274 
49 

e 

90 

1 



$113 



42 
3 
1 

65 
2 



$1.247 



1,077 

4 

10 

155 

1 



* Includes no compensalion for Dropnetori and firm member* of unincorpotaled businesses 

1/ Inasmuch as It was impractl cable to obtain anployment and pay roll for connlsslos bulk tank stations, these data are 

not Included. 

2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $4,557,000. 

3/ Includes 1 voluntary-group wholesaler; 1 converter; and 3 retailer-cooperative warehouses. 
4/ Includes 1 export agent; 2 Import agents; and 1 other agent. 

Includes 18 cream stations and 2 elevators (grain). 

Includes 2 establishments dealing In coal and coke and 33 In all other products. 

Includes 2 establishments dealing In dry goods (apeclalty lines); 2 In fann products - consumer goods; 2 In farm 

supplies; 3 In paper and Its products; 1 In petroleum and its products; and 6 In all other products. 
8/ Includes 2 establishments dealing In automotive products; 2 In chemicals and paints; 1 In clothing and furnishings; 

3 In dry goods (specialty lines); 2 In furniture and house furnishings; 2 in hardware; 1 In petroleum and Its 

products; and 5 In all other products. 
9/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); 1 In furniture and house furnishings; 

2 In hardware; 1 In Jewelry and optical goods; and 9 In all other products. 



5/ 

2J 



















Vol. II 


Page 25 




CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 


1935 












BUSINESS 




STATE OF IDAHO 














TABLE 1. 


SAI.F.S, 


EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KJNDS OF BUSINESS 












Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll 




Stocks on 
Fiand, end 




Type of operation 


ol 


Net 


expenses 


proprifr 


( full-time 




(add 000) 






and kind of business 


estab- 
lish- 


sales 


( including 


ors and 


and part- 












pay roll) 
(add 000) 


Krm 


time). Avg. 


Total 


Fufrtime 


Part-time 


of year 
(add 0001 






ments 


(add 0001 


members 


lor year 












TOTAL, 1935: 

FDLL-SERVICE ;*ID LBHTED-FDNCTI ON 


954 


$82,195 


$9,380 


360 


y 3,372 


i/j4,025 


i/43,648 


i/$377 


i/$7,678 
























V/HOLESALERS 
•Wholesale merchmts 


317 


32,811 


3,914 


146 


1,371 


1,838 


1,773 


65 


4,861 




199 


30,401 


3,580 


131 


1,224 


1,646 


1,586 


60 


4,268 




Industrial distributors 


4 


1,960 


274 


— 


119 


161 


158 


3 


496 




All other 3/ 


14 


450 


60 


15 


28 


31 


29 


2 


107 




^u^aI?AC'^URERS' saixs branches 






















(ivlth stocks) 


30 ■! 




















MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 
(Without stocks) 


ij 


4,069 


494 


1 


125 


213 


205 


8 


399 






















BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 


282 


16,441 


2,733 


a 


1/ 


1/ 


y 


1/ 


966 




19 


1,483 


133 


18 


50 


71 


70 


1 


54 




Chain-operated stations 


208 


11,068 


2,005 


3 


458 


716 


703 


13 


609 




Coranlaslon stations 


55 


3,890 


595 




y 


y 


y 


y 


303 




ACEKTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 


a 


3.185 


156 


14 


88 


76 


60 


16 


120 




7 


1,490 


49 


4 


14 


24 


24 


— 


38 




Commission merchants 


7 


1,425 


84 


5 


66 


40 


24 


16 


79 




ttenufaoturers' agents 


7 


270 


23 


5 


8 


12 


12 


•■ 


3 




ASaifflLEBS 

Country buyers of farm products 


403 


25,689 


2,083 


178 


1,280 


1,111 


837 


274 


1,332 




150 


9,286 


540 


137 


392 


388 


312 


75 


347 




Cream stations 


95 


1,086 


33 


8 


96 


32 


8 


24 


— 




Cooperative marketing associations 


28 


3,592 


349 


— 


186 


170 


139 


31 


244 




Elevators (grain) 


76 


6,365 


420 


9 


206 


206 


138 


68 


586 




Packers and shippers 
BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 


54 


5,360 


741 


24 


400 


315 


240 


75 


155 
























FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTICN 






















•fflOLESALERS 
Automotive 


217 


32,811 


3,914 


146 


1,371 


1,838 


1,773 


65 


4,861 




21 


1,242 


272 


12 


101 


152 


151 


1 


317 




Beer, wines and liquors 


25 


1,077 


169 


26 


54 


47 


42 


5 


61 




Chemicals and paints 


3 


330 


102 


2 


33 


48 


46 


2 


123 




Electrical goods 


5 


906 


158 


3 


68 


88 


88 


— 


111 




Farm products - raw oiaterials 


5 


837 


60 


1 


26 


34 


31 


3 


45 




FaiTO products - consumer goods 


45 


4,110 


527 


37 


224 


265 


241 


24 


133 




Farm supplies 


11 


2,135 


394 


10 


121 


141 


136 


5 


597 




Groceries (full line) 


22 


10,133 


687 


2 


206 


349 


345 


4 


1,646 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


31 


4,017 


436 


25 


186 


226 


215 


11 


354 




Hardware 


5 


3,102 


437 


— 


180 


227 


227 


— 


754 




Lumber and construction materials 


3 


724 


41 


1 


15 


19 


17 


2 


88 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


8 


980 


160 


7 


40 


77 


73 


4 


154 




Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


3 


240 


22 


1 


10 


12 


12 


— 


21 




Paper and Its products 


3 


481 


51 


2 


10 


20 


20 


— 


55 




Tobacco and its products (except leaf 


7 


1,207 


203 


4 


33 


53 


53 


— 


99 




Waste materials 


5 


98 


16 


4 


8 


8 


8 


— 


7 




All other 4/ 


15 


1,192 


179 


9 


56 


72 


68 


4 


296 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 






















(■.nw STOCKS) and 






















MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 






















('.HTHOUT STOCKS) 
Beer, wines and liquors 


31 


4,069 


494 


1 


125 


213 


205 


8 


399 




6 


280 


77 


1 


11 


19 


19 


~ 


67 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


12 


1,728 


157 


— 


46 


70 


67 


3 


41 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


5 


390 


106 


— 


27 


63 


63 


— 


104 




All other 5/ 


8 


1,671 


154 


— 


41 


61 


56 


5 


187 




BULK TANK STATIONS 










1/ 


y 


1/ 


1/ 






Petroleum and Its products 

AHKJTS A.ND BROKERS 

Farm products - raw materials 


282 


16,441 


2,733 


a 


966 




a 


3,185 


156 


14 


88 


76 


60 


16 


120 




3 


723 


28 


2 


10 


11 


11 


— 


67 




Farm products - consujnsr goods 


8 


1,440 


66 


7 


59 


31 


15 


16 


12 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


3 


619 


35 


1 


10 


19 


19 


■"- 


38 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


4 


230 


19 


3 


4 


9 


9 


"- 


1 




All other 6/ 


3 


173 


8 


1 


5 


6 


6 


" 


2 




(Continued on next page) 
























Vol. II - Page 26 
CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
STATE OF IDAHO 

TABLE 1. SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



-r- 



Type of operation 
and kind of buslneas 



Number 
of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net 
sales 



(add 000) 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 

(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

Krm 
memberj 



Employees 
( hill-time 
and part- 
time). Ayg. 
for year 



Pay RoU 
(add 000) 



Total 



FuB^ime Part-time 



Stocks on 
hand, end 

of year 
(add 0001 



AS3EMBI£RS 
Farm products 
Farm products 
Farm supplies 
Groceries and foods 



403 



raw mate rial a 
consumer goods 



(specialty lines) 



153 

240 

5 

5 



$85,689 



10,682 

13,285 

1,577 

145 



$2,083 



178 



1,280 



609 

1,356 

90 

28 



81 

96 

1 



289 
946 

18 
28 



tl.1^1 



394 

669 
30 
18 



♦837 



♦274 



♦1,332 



309 


85 


490 


179 


25 


5 


13 


5 



695 

538 

96 

3 



ij Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for comnission bulk tank stations, these data are 

not Included, 
2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at ♦139,000, 
3/ Includes 1 retailer cooperative warehouse and 13 wagon distributors, 
4/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 in clothing and furnishings; 1 in dry goods (full 

line); E in Jewelry and optical goods; 2 in petroleum and its products; 2 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; 

and 5 in all other products, 
5/ Includes 1 manufacturer's sales branch (with stock) dealing in automotive products: 1 in chemicals and paints; 1 In 

electrical goods; 1 In Jewelry and optical goods; 1 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; 1 manufacturer's 

sales office (without stocks) dealing in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 2 in all other products. 
&J Includes 2 establishments dealing in automotive products and 1 In paper and its products. 



















Vol. 11 


- Page 27 


CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF ILLINOIS 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind o( Business 


Number 

of 

ettab- 


Net 
>aJe< 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 
firm 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
lime). Avg. 


Pay Roil* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










ment» 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FUIX-SBHVTCE AND l.IMTTED-FONCTION 


12.009 


»3. 937, 609 


1355.797 


6.611 


1/ 
104.740 


il82.989 


t80.093 


52.896 


1195.190 




















•*HDLESAI.SRS 
Uholesala merchants 


6.062 


1.319.489 


180.210 


4,115 


62.292 


98.356 


96,523 


1,833 


124.745 


5,466 


1,192,482 


165,087 


3,684 


57,629 


90,280 


88,537 


1,743 


114,198 


Voluntary-group wholesalers 


6 


8,039 


700 


2 


277 


422 


415 


7 


970 


Converters 


6 


4,093 


253 


2 


48 


129 


125 


4 


456 


Exporters 


4 


318 


52 


3 


26 


31 


31 


_ 


78 


liiQ)orterB 


92 


29,630 


4,030 


25 


1,121 


1,995 


1,980 


15 


3,931 


Industrial distributors 


56 


15,816 


3,363 


17 


1,135 


1,920 


1,915 


5 


3,166 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


77 


40,421 


2,506 


32 


511 


1,306 


1,288 


18 


114 


Uall-order wholesalers 


34 


3,912 


740 


26 


252 


357 


351 


6 


479 


Retailer-cooperative warehouses 


7 


8,476 


718 





224 


326 


325 


1 


847 


Wagon distributors 


314 


16,302 


2,761 


324 


1,068 


1,590 


1,556 


34 


506 


MANUFACTDHERS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANOTACTUSERS' S,iI,R5; omCES 


903 


722.801 


91,490 


24 


22.327 


45.283 


44.943 


340 


52,663 




















(Without stocks) 

BmjC Tj<NK SThTIONS {HTl'KOLEDM) 
Independent stations 


418 


487.995 


28.657 


8 


5.565 


13.877 


13.824 


53 





1.415 


158.473 


23.849 


192 


U 


V 


1/ 


11 


7.430 


194 


15,268 


2,023 


163 


72« 


1,061 


1,030 


31 


754 


Chain-operated stations 


1,068 


133,940 


20,038 


29 


4,444 


8,454 


8,426 


28 


6,256 


Comnlsslon stations 


153 


9,265 


1,788 


~ 


1/ 


II 


1/ 


1/ 


418 


AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Auction cconpanles 


1.503 


1.061.166 


24.378 


1.193 


5.946 


12.333 


11.998 


335 


4,365 


10 


18,066 


336 


11 


80 


141 


114 


27 


20 


Brokers 


288 


393,161 


4,119 


233 


862 


2,062 


2,036 


26 


909 


Commission merchants 


291 


420,644 


7,636 


266 


2,166 


4,170 


4,082 


68 


1,827 


Export agents 


14 


7,197 


258 


6 


75 


125 


120 


5 


1 


Import agents 


17 


5,457 


204 


9 


43 


102 


98 


4 


31 


Manufacturers' agents 


703 


86,722 


5,679 


595 


1,559 


2,839 


2,708 


131 


713 


Selling agents 


158 


114,540 


5,855 


63 


1,068 


2,736 


2,686 


50 


810 


Other agents 


22 


15,379 


291 


8 


88 


158 


154 


4 


54 


ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


1.708 


187.685 


7,213 


1.079 


3,442 


3.625 


3.349 


276 


5.967 


524 


26,085 


1,245 


497 


723 


554 


463 


61 


549 


Cream stations 


135 


1,480 


42 


116 


67 


32 


29 


3 


64 


Cooperative marketing associations 


68 


66,424 


2,083 





587 


1,039 


1,008 


31 


147 


Elevators (grain) 


971 


92,251 


3,731 


457 


2,010 


1,939 


1,762 


157 


5,162 


Packers and shippers 
Hf KINDS OF BUSHJESS; 


10 


1,445 


112 


7 


55 


51 


47 


4 


65 




















FDLL-SERTICE AND I.TMTTKD-FDNCTICN 


IBDLSSALBRS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


6.062 


1.319.489 


180.210 


4.115 


62,292 


98.356 


96.523 


1.633 


124.745 


58 


5,793 


1,367 


34 


406 


728 


692 


36 


680 


Automotive 


433 


54,564 


9,848 


251 


3,581 


5,814 


5,729 


85 


7,314 


Beer, wines and liquors 


552 


69,418 


7,748 


468 


3,029 


4,030 


3,928 


102 


5,765 


Chemicals and paints 


116 


14,283 


2,704 


32 


721 


1,434 


1,423 


11 


1,532 


Clothing and furnishings 


265 


35,301 


5,359 


197 


1,519 


2,689 


2,644 


45 


3,596 


Coal and coke 


68 


36,364 


3,263 


18 


722 


1,586 


1,539 


47 


419 


Drugs (full line) 


14 


22,724 


2,818 


.. 


930 


1,409 


1,407 


£ 


3,031 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


104 


19,278 


3,832 


66 


834 


1,388 


1,372 


16 


1,666 


Dry goods (full line) 


5 


52,999 


8,368 


1 


3,562 


4,798 


4,798 


— 


7,856 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


153 


19,473 


2,443 


95 


738 


1,319 


1,289 


30 


3,116 


Electrical goods 


174 


38,157 


6,912 


83 


2,195 


3,779 


3,710 


69 


4,041 


Farm products - raw materials 


87 


73,966 


4,093 


45 


1,182 


2,327 


2,301 


26 


5,400 


Farm products - consumer goods 


812 


197,958 


19,516 


727 


6,447 


10,528 


10,266 


262 


4,975 


Farm supplies 


85 


15,115 


2,661 


75 


926 


1,168 


1,113 


55 


1,978 


furniture and house furnishings 


163 


18,285 


3,099 


96 


1,102 


1,810 


1,759 


51 


2,492 


General merchandise 


18 


20,847 


3,577 


6 


1,413 


1,916 


1,879 


37 


3,159 


Groceries (full line) 


167 


112,954 


13,020 


50 


5,272 


7,967 


7,926 


41 


14,311 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


822 


140,175 


17,605 


682 


6,118 


9, SSI 


9,109 


222 


8,176 


Hardware 


68 


23,107 


4,343 


29 


1,741 


2,171 


2,136 


35 


5,051 


Jewelry and optical goods 


116 


19,382 


4,057 


55 


1,393 


2,300 


2,271 


29 


4,524 


Lumber and construction materials 


194 


41,216 


7,240 


70 


2,108 


3,757 


3,599 


156 


4,852 


Uaohlnery, equipment and supplies 


440 


65,080 


17,356 


233 


5,463 


9,144 


9,015 


129 


10,693 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


59 


17,392 


3,378 


16 


1,189 


2,142 


2,119 


23 


2,862 


Paper and its products 


186 


41,070 


6,999 


110 


2,071 


4,117 


4,053 


64 


4,587 


Petroleum and Its products 


38 


4,749 


618 


21 


200 


347 


340 


7 


186 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and epls. 


U7 


16,040 


3,485 


47 


1,175 


2,046 


2,006 


38 


3,492 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


153 


57,299 


2,588 


141 


1,011 


1,508 


1,495 


13 


3,617 


Vaste materials 


331 


46,977 


5,892 


277 


3,015 


3,383 


3,268 


115 


2,256 


All other 


264 


39,503 


5,921 


190 


2,229 


3,420 


3,335 


85 


2,916 


(Oontinued on next page) 





















' Includes do corapencation for ptoprielon and fim nwmben of uniDCorporaled busin«s*«t. 



Vol. 11 - Page 28 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF ILLINOIS 












TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




^av Roll* 




Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Type of Operation 
Kind ot Business 


of 
eat«b- 
li>h. 
menu 


Net 
saJes 

(add 0001 


expenses 
( including 

pay roll) 
(add 000) 


proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 


(full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


(add 000 J 




Total 


FulUime 


Part-time 


UANUFjiCTURSRS' SALES EEANCHB3 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


903 


♦722.801 


♦91.490 


24 


22,327 


I4S.283 


»44.943 


1340 


•52,663 


20 


17,436 


2,147 


— 


641 


1,047 


1,037 


10 


1,689 


AutomotlTe 


45 


73,772 


5,369 


— 


1,491 


2,948 


2,925 


23 


5,544 


Bser, wlnea and liquors 


27 


41,629 


4,340 


1 


741 


1,498 


1,495 


3 


1,316 


Chamicals and paints 


S6 


53,502 


8,182 


4 


1,477 


3,405 


3,396 


9 


3,711 


Clothlzig and furnishings 


38 


22,139 


4,533 


1 


994 


2,287 


2,262 


25 


2,515 


Drugs emd drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


24 


16,766 


4,245 


— 


749 


1,457 


1,453 


4 


989 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


22 


8,785 


735 


— 


225 


478 


478 


— 


570 


Sleetrioal goods 


45 


51,410 


3,329 


— 


1,335 


3,139 


3,133 


6 


3,808 


Faro products - consumer goods 


14 


5,326 


1,754 


— 


385 


874 


873 


1 


134 


Furniture and house furnishings 


19 


9,799 


1,622 


1 


364 


786 


775 


11 


1,097 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


209 


227,734 


17,032 


2 


4,468 


8,088 


7,998 


90 


7,648 


Hardvmre 


9 


2,766 


395 


— 


U9 


225 


225 


— 


218 


Jewelry and optical goods 


20 


8,756 


1,358 





378 


736 


736 


— 


805 


Lumbar and construction materials 


23 


22,557 


3,999 


— 


900 


2,212 


2,138 


74 


1,650 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


198 


77,420 


16,842 


2 


4,369 


9,118 


9,056 


62 


8,980 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


29 


24,170 


5,081 


1 


1,587 


2,853 


2,842 


11 


6,015 


Paper and its products 


27 


19,576 


1,873 


1 


408 


1,013 


1,012 


1 


699 


Plumbing and heating aqpt. and spls. 


33 


10,145 


1,979 


2 


695 


1,000 


993 


7 


1,281 


Tobacco and its products (eicept leaf) 


5 


4,255 


604 


2 


139 


352 


352 


— 


202 


AU other 3/ 


40 


24,758 


4,071 


7 


862 


1,767 


1,764 


5 


3,792 


UAITOFACTOHBBS' SALES OFFICBS 




















(IHTHDUT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


418 


487.995 


28.657 


8 


5,565 


13.877 


13,824 


53 





4 


5,093 


679 


— 


217 


359 


359 


— 


— 


AutomotlTe 


4 


1,399 


148 


— 


30 


84 


84 


— 


" 


Chamicals and paints 


24 


18,881 


1,932 


— 


286 


797 


792 


5 




Clothing and furnishings 


17 


4,475 


190 


2 


46 


125 


125 


— 


— 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


5 


506 


34 


2 


7 


13 


13 


— 


— 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


20 


10,009 


341 


— 


78 


250 


250 


— 




Electrical goods 


18 


6,176 


515 


— 


120 


299 


298 


1 


— 


Furniture and house furnishings 


22 


15,808 


1,199 


1 


131 


368 


368 


— 


— 


Orooarles and foods (specialty lines) 


11 


35,523 


3,126 


— 


442 


848 


847 


1 


— 


Hardware 


6 


3,136 


238 


1 


71 


133 


133 


— 


— 


Jewelry and optical goods 


11 


929 


77 


1 


17 


59 


59 


~ 


— 


Lumber and construction materials 


28 


32,994 


4,184 


— 


1,015 


2,344 


2,329 


15 


— 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


121 


92,605 


4,656 





952 


2,713 


2,699 


14 


— 


Hstals and metal woric (except scrap) 


40 


183,543 


5,069 


— 


1,026 


2,783 


2,773 


10 


— 


Paper and its products 


25 


18,803 


1,009 


— 


200 


562 


562 


— 


— 


Plumbing and beating aqpt. and spls. 


15 


2,130 


356 


1 


94 


188 


182 


6 


— 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


6 


23,855 


855 


— 


84 


176 


176 


— 


— 


All other 4/ 


41 


32,130 


4,049 


~ 


749 


1,776 


1,775 


1 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 










1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


y 




Petroleum and its products 


1.415 


158.473 


23,849 


192 


7,430 


(Continued on next page) 





















* Includes no compensation for ptoprietora and firm mcmbara of umncorpontad businesiafl. 



















Vol. II 


- Page 29 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS STATE OF ILLINOIS 












TABLE L--SAf F,S, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

oi 
e»l»b- 
li>h- 


Nel 
saJet 


Operating 
expenses 

{ including 
pay roll l 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 
Krm 


Employees 
( hill-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
lor year 


Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 




menU 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members 








(add 000) 


Ai^ns AND BROKSRS 

ABuaamaat and eportlng gooda 


1.503 


11.061. 166 


»24,378 


1.193 


5.946 


#12,333 


•11.998 


»335 


$4,365 


23 


r 1,116 


90 


24 


36 


46 


44 


2 


5 


Automotive 


2S 


5,482 


340 


23 


106 


163 


156 


7 


21 


Bear, irlnaa asd Liquora 


6 


862 


57 


4 


19 


39 


39 


— 


— 


Chanloala aiid palate 


28 


4,145 


310 


19 


81 


172 


161 


11 


8 


Clothlae and furnlsblnga 


99 


16.52S 


499 


104 


157 


201 


189 


12 


63 


Coal and oaka 


36 


32,186 


2,607 


3 


401 


1,088 


1,063 


25 


455 


Qru^a and drug aundrlea 




















(apsclalty llnaa) 


16 


2,640 


160 


11 


84 


107 


105 


2 


2 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


91 


55,238 


1,077 


62 


202 


478 


472 


6 


365 


lleotrloal goods 


59 


6,415 


392 


55 


117 


199 


194 


5 


195 


Farm products - raw materials 


253 


453,089 


4,502 


262 


1,320 


2,427 


2,357 


70 


301 


Farm products - oonsumar goods 


134 


126,398 


4,137 


108 


972 


2,124 


2,066 


58 


1,138 


Farm supplies 


14 


6,605 


159 


7 


36 


89 


88 


1' 


1 


Furniture and house furnishings 


50 


9,933 


495 


45 


123 


304 


295 


9 


74 


General merchandise 


4 


2,006 


63 


3 


20 


45 


45 


— 


— 


Grooerlas (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


1] 
121J 


201,692 


2,346 


89 


538 


1,155 


1,148 


7 


856 


Hardware 


25^^ 


2,145 


196 


21 


49 


99 


99 


— 


20 


Jewelry and optical goods 


12 


1,530 


100 


11 


23 


45 


45 


— 


4 


Lumber and oonstructlon materials 


54 


7,632 


591 


39 


143 


299 


265 


34 


155 


Uachlnery, equipment and supplies 


233 


25,205 


3,203 


142 


683 


1,573 


1,515 


58 


381 


Ustals and metal work (except scrap) 


26 


19,130 


503 


19 


88 


248 


247 


1 


71 


Paper and Its products 


31 


7,189 


267 


28 


68 


155 


153 


2 


6 


Petroleum and Its products 


10 


7,901 


360 


3 


57 


165 


160 


5 


3 


Plumbing and heating sqpt. and apla. 


29 


1,845 


345 


15 


107 


204 


200 


4 


31 


lasts materials 


14 


10,007 


333 


5 


60 


205 


205 


— 


39 


All other 5/ 


106 


54,250 


1,246 


91 


456 


703 


687 


16 


171 


ASSEMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 


1.708 


187.685 


7,213 


1.079 


3.442 


3.625 


3.349 


276 


5.987 


1,114 


153,820 


5,552 


565 


2,527 


2,760 


2,547 


213 


5,536 


Farm products - consumer goods 


564 


32,004 


1,558 


484 


861 


818 


757 


61 


402 


Farm supplies 


21 


1,435 


54 


22 


32 


22 


21 


1 


31 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


5 


302 


22 


4 


13 


17 


17 


— 


1 


AU other 


4 


123 


27 


4 


9 


8 


7 


1 


17 


" Includes no compenMlion lor proprietors end firm mcmberi of unincorporated buiineuet. 












1/ Inasmuch as It was Impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for com 


mission bu 


Ik tank stations, these date 




are not included. 












2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $6,218,000. 












3/ Includes 2 establishMnts dealing in farm supplies; 2 in petroleum and its 


products; 


and 36 is 


all other product 


s. 


4/ Includes 3 establishments dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 1 in farm pr 


oducts - consumer goods; 1 in 


farm 




supplies; 2 in petroleum and its products; and 34 in all other products. 












5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in dry goods (full line); 2 in tobacco a 


nd Its pre 


iduets (exc 


ept leaf) ; 


and 102 { 


in all other products. 




1 









Vol. II - Page 30 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



I 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 
STATE OF INDIANA 



1935 



TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

ol 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Net 
sales 

(add 0001 



Operating 
expenses 
t including 
pay roll i 
(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
(full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 



Tota 



Full-time 



Part 



Stocks on 

fiand, end 

of year 



-time 

(add 000) 



TOTALS, 1935: 

FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FONCTION 
IVHOLESALERS 
Wholesale merchants 
Voluntary-group wholesalers 
Importers 

Industrial distributors 
Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 
Retailer-cooperative warehouses 
Wagon distributors 
All other 3/ 

MANUFAOTiraSRS • SALES BRANCHES 
(Vath stocks) 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 
(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 
Chain-operated stations 
Comndssion stations 

AdENTS AND BROKERS 
Brokers 

Commission merchants 
Manufacturers' agents 
Selling agents 
All other 4/ 

ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of faim products 
Cooperative marketing associations 
Elevators (grain) 
All other 5/ 



BY KINDS OF BUSINESS ; 

FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 
WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 
Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Cheoicals and paints 
Clothing and furnishings 
Coal and coke 
Drugs (full line) 
Drugs and drug sundries 

(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full line) 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
Farm products - raw materials 
Farm products - consumer goods 
Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
General merchandise 
Groceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Metals and metal work (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and its products 
Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf] 
Waste materials 
All other 

(continued on next page) 



4.535 



1,859 



1,641 

4 

7 

30 

16 

3 

134 

4 



211 



39 



943 



79 
752 
112 

290 



69 
52 
150 
28 
11 

1,011 



346 

39 

366 

260 



1.839 



19 

162 

124 

30 

24 

28 

7 

19 

3 

4 

50 

35 

317 

44 

22 

3 

90 

231 
22 
13 
73 

132 
13 
38 
9 
24 
69 

166 
68 



$654.917 



$64.391 



2.183 



1/; 



23,263 



l/$32.469 ^$31.781 



i/$( 



688 



^$41.874 



273.439 



36.149 



1,285 



14.635 



19,578 



19.144 



244,820 
3,762 
2,138 
8,697 
3,681 
4,749 
5,476 
116 



80.562 



32,445 
393 
133 
1,748 
200 
388 
816 
26 



8,859 



1,148 

5 
2 

8 

121 
3 



15,264 
127 

27 
658 

47 
115 
382 

15 



2,640 



17,691 
172 

44 
974 
102 
173 
406 

16 



4,371 



17,288 
171 

44 
967 

94 
172 
392 

16 



4,320 



19.771 



1.699 



377 



725 



722 



64,874 



10,933 



90 



y 



11 



y 



5,001 

51,005 

8,868 

139,376 



649 
8,719 
1,565 

2,' 981 



77 
13 



267 



228 
2,382 

y 

841 



40,487 
70,063 
10,116 
15,135 
3,575 

77,095 



645 
688 
574 
973 
101 

3.770 



43 
79 
118 
16 
11 

539 



281 
4,270 

y 

1.426 



275 
4,258 

y 

1.373 



24,635 

26,161 

24,741 

1,558 



1,232 

601 

1,776 

161 



296 



200 
43 



180 
240 
211 
158 
52 

2^160 



369 
351 
313 
353 
40 

1.818 



563 
536 
300 
342 
32 

1.691 



715 
206 
990 
251 



534 
283 
866 
135 



486 
279 
809 
117 



273.439 



36.149 



1.285 



14.635 



19.578 



19.144 



925 
25,775 
15,042 
1,923 
1,518 
3,133 
8,989 

914 

4,014 

175 

10,585 

13,074 

29,719 

9,450 

3,080 

363 

49,833 

14,732 

10,820 

771 

6,928 

12,719 

3,237 

6,515 

1,736 

3,775 

19,656 

8,471 

5,567 



275 

3,492 

2,247 

507 

208 

553 

1,281 

188 

486 

33 

1,590 

701 

3,729 

870 

521 

125 

4,912 

1,675 

2,001 

235 

1,369 

3,101 

574 

1,364 

206 

743 

1,070 

1,467 

846 



5 
86 
47 
12 

18 

14 

4 

9 

3 

2 

28 

22 

514 

25 

12 

5 

29 

215 

9 

7 

41 

78 

5 

20 

3 

10 

57 

161 

50 



88 
1,391 
706 
200 
100 
129 
420 

84 

237 

14 

560 

259 

1,627 

318 

208 

30 

1,885 
822 
778 
104 
586 

1,194 
192 
503 
67 
518 
380 
906 
519 



178 
1,973 
1,018 
274 
112 
183 
670 

115 
326 
19 
864 
330 

1,822 

409 

276 

50 

2,525 
890 

1,266 
168 
799 

1,734 
304 
873 
95 
444 
566 
812 
483 



174 
1,965 
971 
262 
109 
170 
668 

111 
325 
18 
848 
319 

1,771 

405 

275 

50 

2,475 
864 

1,258 
168 
757 

1,715 
301 
862 
94 
440 
561 
755 
455 



454 



403 

1 

7 

8 

1 

14 



y 



8 
12 

y 

55 



6 
15 
15 

11 
8 



48 

4 

57 

18 



454 



4 

8 
47 
12 

5 
13 

2 

4 

1 

1 

16 

11 

51 

6 

1 

50 

26 

8 

42 

19 

3 

11 

1 

4 

5 

57 

28 



30.221 



27,426 

590 

41 

1,763 

1 

253 

140 

7 



4.088 



5,735 



215 

3,152 

368 

343 



85 

167 

62 

29 

3j^487 



225 

952 

2,297 

13 



30,221 



78 

2,649 

762 

345 

194 

64 

1,555 

186 

776 

38 

1,431 

1,728 
745 
905 
461 
139 

6,183 
802 

2,746 
97 

1,266 

2,206 
644 

1,028 
65 
747 
984 
850 
749 



















Vol. 11 


- Page 31 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 






BUSINESS STATE OF INDIANA 






TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll* 


Stocks on 


Type of Operation 
Kind ol Business 


o( 
attb- 


Net 
sales 


expenses 
( including 


proprie- 
tors and 


( hiU-tiine 
and part- 




add 000) 


hand, end 
of year 










lith- 




pay roll! 


firm 


time). Avg. 












menU 


(add 000) 


(add 000; 


mem ben 


lor year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


lUUOTACTDRSiS' aAI.m BRANCHES 




















(wrra sTocass) 

AmuBemeDt asd sporting goods 


211 


80.362 


8,859 


2 


2,640 


4.371 


4.320 


81 


4.088 


5 


1,003 


222 


— 


70 


124 


124 


~ 


50 


AutcmotlTe 


20 


30,816 


1,663 


— 


487 


910 


900 


10 


1,139 


Chomlcals and paints 


6 


1,056 


191 


— 


32 


71 


70 


1 


7S 


Drxig and drug stmdries 




















(specialty lines) 


4 


782 


197 


— 


58 


105 


105 


— 


65 


Kleotrical goods 


8 


1,556 


122 


— 


36 


55 


54 


1 


126 


Farm products - consumer goods 


7 


1,540 


461 


— 


121 


196 


193 


3 


25 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


75 


21,133 


2,022 


— 


647 


1,022 


1,012 


10 


468 


Jewelry and optical goods 


7 


579 


135 


— 


S2 


79 


79 


— 


154 


LuBbar and construction materials 


6 


1,106 


165 


— 


88 


101 


95 


6 


U9 


Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


48 


15,951 


2,910 


1 


767 


1,356 


1,342 


13 


1,365 


Plumbing and heating s(ipt. and spla. 


8 


1,794 


316 


— 


138 


136 


129 


6 


286 


All other 6/ 


17 


3,047 


456 


1 


154 


£18 


217 


1 


878 


lUHUTACTDESRS' SAIES OJTICBS 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
inusemsnt and sporting goods 


39 


19.771 


1.699 


— 


377 


725 


728 


3 


— 


4 


2,145 


337 


— 


108 


169 


169 


~ 


" 


Uachinery, eqalpaent and supplies 


16 


2,835 


236 


— 


55 


130 


129 


1 


— 


All other 7/ 


18 


14,791 


1,127 


— 


214 


426 


424 


2 


~ 


BULK TANK STATIONS 










1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 




Petroleum and its products 

AOHnS AND HRDIORS 
AutcanotiTe 


943 


64.874 


10,933 


90 


3,735 


290 


139.376 


2,981 


267 


841 


1,426 


1,373 


53 


343 


11 


254 


22 


11 


8 


10 


10 


— 


17 


Chaclcals and paints 


8 


302 


15 


6 


10 


7 


6 


1 


£ 


Clothing and furnishings 


5 


1,999 


36 


8 


13 


25 


85 


— 


3 


Coal and coke 


14 


13,565 


808 


6 


126 


270 


260 


10 


— 


Slectrical goods 


IS 


1,251 


78 


10 


22 


34 


34 


— 


S 


7am products - raw materials 


65 


84,885 


873 


89 


300 


442 


419 


23 


179 


Teim products - consumer goods 


14 


3,262 


91 


10 


39 


45 


43 


2 


8 


Fani supplies 


3 


102 


2 


3 


1 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Furniture and house furnishings 


5 


193 


33 


4 


15 


14 


13 


1 


25 


Orooeries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


2-\ 
33 J 


84,010 


366 


20 


108 


216 


813 


3 


66 


Hardware 


7 


697 


53 


8 


16 


38 


38 


— 


— 


Lumber and construction materials 


15 


1,033 


53 


15 


17 


20 


19 


1 


— 


Uachinery, equipsent and supplies 


56 


3,402 


238 


45 


87 


132 


130 


£ 


87 


Uetals and metal work (except scrap) 


8 


2,090 


92 


7 


14 


42 


42 


— 


-. 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


10 


400 


52 


6 


£4 


28 


20 


e 


— 


All other 8/ 


19 


1,911 


169 


19 


41 


102 


100 


£ 


11 


ASSaiBLERB 

Fars products - raw materials 


1,011 


77.095 


3.770 


539 


2,160 


1.818 


1,691 


127 


3,487 


481 


63,289 


2,692 


265 


1,346 


1,264 


1,198 


72 


3,325 


Faim products - consumer goods 


499 


12,805 


923 


2^ 


717 


478 


433 


45 


121 


Faun supplies 


17 


747 


113 


17 


68 


52 


46 


7 


34 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


3 


33 


6 


6 


5 


3 


3 


-. 


4 


All other 


11 


221 


36 


13 


24 


21 


18 


3 


3 


'Include* no compcnistion for proprietor, &nd firm memberi of unincorporated buiinexe. 






1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for coomission b\ilk tank s 


tat ions, these dati 


1 are 


not Included. 






2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment yalued at ♦1,074,000. 






3/ Includes 1 exporter and 3 mail-order wholesalers. 






4/ Includes 10 auction companies and 1 other agent. 






5/ Includes 258 cream stations and 2 packers and shippers. 






6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 8 in clothing and fumiahingg; 1 


in fans supplies; 


3 In 


furniture and house furnishings; 2 in metals and metal work (except scrap); 3 in paper and iti 


1 products; 1 in p« 


ttroletD 


and its products; 2 in tobacco and its products (except leaf); and 2 in all other products. 






7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in autcmotiTe products; 2 in chemicals and paints; 1 in coal 


and coke; 2 in elc 


lotrioal 


goods; 2 in groceries and foods (specialty lines); 2 in metals and metal work (except scrap); 


1 in petroleum as^ 


its 


products; 3 in plumbing and heating equipnent and supplies; 2 in tobacco and its products (ex< 


sept leaf); and 3 1 


Ji all 


other products. 






8/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) ; 1 in dry goods 


(specialty lines) ; 


1 in 


paper and its products; 1 in patrolem and its products; 1 in waste naterlals; and U in all ( 


>ther products. 





Vol. II Page 32 



CENSUS OF 




















BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION. 


1935 














STATE OF IOWA 












TABLE 1 


■ SALES, 


EXPENSES 


PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND 


KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll 
{add 000) 






Type of operation 


ol 


Net 


expenses 


proprie 


(lull-lime 






Stocks on 


and kind of busiaesa 


estab- 
lish. 


sales 


( including 
pay roll J 


tors and 
firm 


and part- 
time). AvK. 






hand, end 
of year 










menls 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


members for year 


Total 


FuH^ime 


Part-time 


( add 000 ■ 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


5.063 


$627,795 


$51,254 


2,619 


■i/ 19,753 


i/»25,515 


i/»24.693 


i/ $822 


^$36,163 




















VJHOLESALKSS 
Wholesale merchants 


1,287 


199,062 


26,094 


931 


10,752 


13,843 


13.413 


430 


22,166 


1,184 


186,253 


24,427 


837 


10,065 


12,965 


12,553 


412 


20,736 


Importers 


6 


1,456 


207 


4 


63 


97 


97 





106 


Industrial distributors 


6 


1,695 


414 


1 


186 


235 


234 


1 


576 


Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 


7 


2,174 


100 


6 


22 


73 


71 


2 


5 


Retailer cooperative warehouses 


5 


3,706 


292 


— 


108 


140 


140 





553 


Wagon distributors 


75 


3,114 


575 


81 


264 


289 


277 


12 


87 


All other 3/ 


4 


664 


79 


2 


44 


44 


41 


3 


103 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTUHKKS' SAT.KS OFFICES 


182 


62,040 


6,712 


2 


2,156 


3,412 


3,373 


39 


3.833 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 


25 


17,920 


739 


— 


192 


360 


357 


3 


— 


1,487 


56,293 


9,821 


165 


y 


y 


y 


y 


4.394 


155 


5,232 


720 


133 


305 


322 


313 


9 


274 


Chain-operated stations 


1,196 


45,395 


8,080 


32 


2,321 


3,917 


3,904 


13 


3,806 


Commission stations 


136 


5,666 


1,021 


~ 


1/ 


U 


y 


y 


314 


AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Auction companies 


192 


125,162 


2.155 


157 


743 


1,045 


981 


64 


692 


16 


5,087 


119 


18 


111 


63 


46 


17 


60 


Brokers 


47 


30,792 


478 


20 


111 


233 


227 


6 


7 


Commission merchants 


85 


83,774 


1,340 


82 


432 


632 


601 


31 


544 


Selling agents 


7 


3,944 


114 


3 


25 


62 


62 


— 


41 


Other agents 4/ 


37 


1,565 


105 


34 


64 


55 


45 


10 


40 


ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 


1,890 


167,318 J 


5,732 


1,364 


3,284 


2,616 


2,352 


264 


5,078 


861 


55,656 


1,S95 


891 


1,192 


733 


610 


1S3 


58b 


Cream stations 


230 


2,196 


72 


165 


113 


51 


45 


6 


53 


Cooperative marketing associations 


113 


24,791 


795 


— 


412 


386 


369 


17 


704 


Elevators (grain) 


677 


80,575 


2,619 


305 


1,317 


1,264 


1,180 


84 


3,593 


Packers and shippers 


' 9 


4,198 


353 


3 


270 


182 


148 


34 


143 


BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 




















FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-TONCTION 


WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and sporting goods 


1.287 


199.062 


26,094 


931 


10,752 


13.843 


13,413 


430 


22,166 


12 


413 


101 


4 


40 


61 


60 


1 


111 


Automotive 


137 


15,536 


2,630 


82 


1,068 


1,479 


1,456 


23 


2,305 


Beer, wines and liquors 


114 


8,191 


1,336 


95 


482 


499 


478 


21 


244 


Chemicals and paints 


30 


3,043 


736 


15 


263 


326 


321 


5 


632 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


2,515 


419 


15 


178 


285 


280 


5 


255 


Coal and coke 


9 


863 


162 


5 


68 


100 


96 


4 


38 


Drugs (full line) 


5 


5,236 


730 


— 


286 


378 


377 


1 


961 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


13 


400 


134 


11 


27 


28 


18 


10 


35 


Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 


3 
2 


2,149 


318 


3 


111 


115 


115 


— 


395 


Electrical goods 


36 


6,750 


1,122 


13 


348 


584 


582 


2 


933 


Farm products - raw materials 


32 


10,109 


744 


17 


230 


324 


304 


20 


810 


Farm products - consumer goods 


265 


37,905 


4,178 


227 


1,887 


2,102 


1,973 


129 


1,050 


Farm supplies 


51 


9,611 


1,305 


30 


513 


650 


636 


14 


1,419 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


2,550 


451 


7 


163 


198 


197 


1 


53 


Qrocerles (full line) 


56 


46,656 


3,917 


10 


1,660 


• 2,426 


2,394 


32 


5,452 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


134 


13,034 


1,885 


122 


707 


925 


900 


25 


1,512 


Hardware 


9 


3,518 


662 


3 


284 


344 


518 


26 


970 


Jewelry and optical goods 


11 


426 


149 


— 


71 


95 


9S 


— 


43 


Lumber and construction materials 


29 


6,483 


949 


20 


360 


537 


526 


11 


743 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


90 


5,697 


1,364 


56 


542 


797 


778 


19 


1,084 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


10 


936 


129 


7 


147 


79 


41 


38 


296 


Paper and its products 


23 


3,362 


685 


11 


276 


447 


444 


3 


770 


Petroleum and its products 


9 


449 


127 


6 


35 


58 


S8 


— 


25 


Plumbing and heating equipment and spla 


13 


2,582 


582 


3 


248 


349 


346 


3 


927 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


24 


5,150 


274 


28 


126 


145 


144 


1 


300 


Waste Materials 


110 


3,980 


691 


116 


424 


337 


312 


25 


539 


All other 


32 


1,518 


314 


25 


208 


175 


164 


11 


264 


(Continued on next page) 





































Vol. II 


- Page 33 


BUSINESS WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










STATE OF IOWA 










TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of operation 
and kind of business 


Number 
ol 
estab- 
lish- 


Net 
sain 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 
firm 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Av^. 


Pay Roll 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 










ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


for year 


Total 


FuiMime 


Part-bme 


(add 0001 


MANDFACTUKEHS' SAT.TIS BRANCHES 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


182 


1 62,040 


♦6,712 


2 


2,156 


$3,412 


$3,373 


$ 39 


$3,833 


6 


800 


220 


— 


76 


124 


123 


1 


57 


Autonotlve 


24 


28,172 


1,874 


— 


566 


982 


970 


12 


1,510 


Farm products - consumer goods 


28 


2,059 


501 


1 


164 


205 


204 


1 


26 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


57 


14,824 


1,463 


— 


441 


681 


673 


8 


240 


Jewelry and optical goods 


10 


416 


158 


— 


77 


94 


94 


— 


31 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


38 


10,952 


1,763 


— 


610 


959 


945 


14 


1,540 


All other 5,' 


19 


4,817 


733 


1 


222 


367 


364 


3 


429 


>• 
MANDFACTtJRERS* SALES OFFICES 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


25 


17,920 


739 


— 


192 


360 


357 


3 


— 


4 


1,288 


270 


— 


93 


141 


141 


— 


— 


Electrical goods 


5 


999 


52 


— 


12 


31 


31 


— 


— 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


4 


721 


45 


— 


7 


16 


16 


— 


— 


All other 6/ 


12 


14,912 


372 


— 


80 


172 


169 


3 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 










1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 




Petroleum and its products 

AGENTS AND BROKEHS 
Automotive 


1,487 


56,293 


9,821 


165 


4,394 


192 


125,162 


2,156 


157 


743 


1,045 


981 


64 


692 


3 


22 


— 


3 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Coal and coke 


4 


1,128 


59 


1 


15 


49 


49 


— 


41 


Farm products - raw materials 


108 


98,431 


1,550 


106 


557 


739 


688 


51 


614 


Farm products - consumer goods 


13 


2,749 


122 


6 


29 


53 


52 


1 


6 


Farm supplies 


3 


1,112 


47 


1 


8 


13 


13 


— 


14 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


26 


19,853 


236 


8 


60 


130 


129 


1 


— 


Lumber and construction matarlala 


4 


1,096 


57 


3 


12 


15 


15 


— 


— 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


13 


168 


35 


13 


38 


22 


13 


9 


7 


Plxjmbing and heating eqpt. and spls* 


4 


257 


16 


2 


8 


11 


10 


1 


— 


All other 7/ 


14 


346 


34 


14 


16 


13 


12 


1 


10 


ASSBMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 


1,890 


167,318 


5,732 


1,364 


3,284 


2,616 


2,352 


254 


5,078 


1,045 


135,395 


4,002 


612 


1,909 


1,766 


1,634 


132 


4,572 


Farm products - consumer goods 


814 


29,784 


1,636 


721 


1,322 


815 


689 


126 


385 


Farm supplies 


24 


1,952 


52 


24 


39 


28 


23 


5 


104 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


4 


173 


39 


4 


12 


7 


6 


1 


13 


All other 


3 


14 


3 


3 


2 


— — 


— 


— — 


4 


1/ Inasmuch as it was impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commission bu 


k tank stations, the 


se data 


are 


not included. 










2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at $1,131,000. 










3/ Includes 1 voluntary-group wholesaler and 3 mail-order wholesalers. 










4/ Includes 1 export agent; 35 manufacturers* agents; and 1 other agent. 










5/ Includes 3 establishments dealing in beer, wines and liquors; 1 in chemicals and paints; 1 in drugs and drug sund 


rles 


(specialty lines); 3 In electrical goods; 1 in farm supplies; 3 in furniture and hou 


se furnish 


Lngs; 2 in 


lumber and 


construction materials; 2 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; 2 in tobacc 


o and its 


products ( 


except leaf) ; 


and 1 in all other products. 










6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in automotive products; 2 in chemicals and paints; i 


i in lumbal 


• and construction 




materials; 1 in metals and metal work (except scrap); 1 in paper and .its products; 2 


in plumb ii 


ig and heating equipment | 


and supplies; and 3 in tobacco and Its products (except leaf). 










7/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in amusament and sporting goods; 2 in chemicals anc 


paints; 1 in clothing and 




furnishings; 2 in electrical goods; 2 in hardware; and 5 in all other products. 











Vol. II - Page 34 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 
STATE OF KANSAS 



1935 



TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 



Number 

of 
estab- 
li>)<- 
ments 



Net 
sates 

(add 0001 



Operating 
expenses 
t including 
pay roll i 

(add 000) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

firm 
members 



Employees 
( tulUtime 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 



Pay Roll* 
(add 000) 



Total 



FutUtime Part-time 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 



TOTAia, 1935: 

FDLL-SERVICE AND LDUTED-TUNCTION 
WHOLSSALIRS 
Wholesale mercbantB 
Voluntary-group wholesalers 
Industrial distributors 
Drop shippers or desk jobbers 
Retailer-cooperative mrehouses 
Wagon distributors 
All other 3/ 

MANUFACTUHKRS' SALES BRANCHES 
(With stocks) 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 
(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PBIROLEUM) 
Independent stations 
Chain-operated stations 
CoLmission stations 

AGENTS AND BROKERS 
Auction eompaniea 
Brokers 

Commission merchants 
Selling agents 
Other agents 4/ 

ASSHWBLERS 

Country buyers of faim products 

Cream stations 

Cooperative marketing associations 

KleTators (grain) 

Packers and shippers 



4,621 



♦398,387 



♦34,093 



2,076 



Via, 726 



^♦16, 



125 



j^is.eM 



1/Usi 



^♦28,801 



823 



685 

4 

62 

9 
3 

61 

4 



102 



16 



1,473 



158 

1,116 

199 

124 



12 
29 
52 
7 
24 

2^078 



499 

485 

71 

1,020 

3 



BY KINDS OF BUSINESS : 

FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 
WHOLESALERS 
AutCEiotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Chamlcals and paiats 
Coal and coke 
Drugs (full line) 
Dmgs and drug sundries 

(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full line) 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
Farm products - raw matsriala 
Farm products - consumer goods 
Fans supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
General merchandise 
Groceries (full lino) 
Groosries and foods (specialty lines 
Hardware 

Jairelry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Metals and metal work (except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petrolstim and its products 
Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 
Waste materials 
All other 5/ 



828 



99 

57 

7 

4 

6 

5 
3 



3 



12 

26 

101 

30 

4 

3 

60 

101 

13 

7 

29 

100 

3 

9 

8 

12 

40 

73 

15 



138.629 



15,592 



575 



6.149 



7.963 



7. 765 



178 



119,258 
3,407 
8,993 
2,073 
1,934 
2,288 
676 



37.943 



13,838 
307 
862 

52 
224 
295 

14 



3 .965 



500 



59 
6 



5,540 

141 

249 

25 

66 

122 

6 



1.286 



7,064 

226 

430 

32 

77 

126 

8 



2.014 



6,900 

225 

421 

31 

77 

123 

8 



1,990 



164 

1 
9 
1 



24 



14,383 



1,592 



214 



388 



388 



43,370 



8.389 



170 



1/ 



1/ 



1/ 



5,137 

31,934 

6,299 

75,695 



781 
6,298 
1,310 

1.099 



146 
24 



131 



290 
1,831 
1/ 

502 



338 
3,018 
1/ 

532 



309 
3,008 
1/ 

495 



29 
10 

37 



6,023 

24,733 

42,550 

1,008 

1,381 

88,367 



96 
209 
621 
103 

70 

3.456 



18 
17 
63 
3 
30 

1,200 



111 
60 

224 
27 
80 

2.454 



50 

100 

281 

67 

34 

1.872 



14,503 

3,671 

13,492 

55,786 

915 



749 
80 

391 

2,162 

74 



496 
361 



341 
2 



656 

207 

220 

1,318 

53 



374 
66 

218 

1,185 

29 



30 

99 

270 

67 

29 

1.659 



213 



282 

55 

202 

1,102 

18 



138.629 

8,124 

4,220 

499 

263 

3,926 

468 

1,369 

3,872 

20,121 

16,044 

3,639 

793 

400 

29,801 

9,140 

4,880 

231 

4,857 

10,935 

349 
1,070 

304 
1,524 
7,877 
3,415 

508 



15.592 



575 



6.149 



7.963 



1,473 
546 
192 

36 
595 

57 

205 
638 
681 

1,746 

434 

130 

37 

2,771 

1,312 

855 

80 

740 

1,287 
53 
215 
70 
297 
325 
715 
102 



72 

55 

3 

3 

1 



3 

18 

97 

21 

1 

2 

17 

77 

2 

4 

10 

34 

1 

5 

7 

6 

39 

80 

11 



676 

236 

57 

12 

187 

18 

81 

208 

174 

756 

181 

42 

14 

1,178 

559 

366 

38 

261 

419 

20 

83 

29 

115 

135 

288 

46 



819 

236 

99 

10 

271 

29 

104 

368 
293 
826 
198 

56 

14 

1,614 

672 

517 

41 
418 
629 

13 
144 

39 
157 
139 
204 

53 



7.785 



813 

226 

84 

7 

269 

28 

102 

367 

284 

797 

185 

54 

14 

1,607 

654 

515 

41 

413 

609 

13 

144 

39 

151 

135 

182 

52 



92 
11 
16 
83 
11 



178 



6 

10 

15 

3 

2 



2 

1 

9 

29 

13 

2 

7 

18 

2 

5 
20 



6 

4 

22 

1 



17.708 



14,654 

384 

2,102 

452 

111 
5 



3.416 



2.646 



297 

2,005 

344 

438. 



22 

365 

51 
4.593 



343 

6 

319 

3,850 
75 



17.708 



1,405 
129 
122 

1 
761 

60 

185 
497 

1,710 

533 

315 

153 

75 

4,736 
782 

1,469 

36 

672 

2,556 
11 
266 
44 
400 
338 
335 
U7 



















Vol. II 


- Page 35 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 






BUSINESS STATE OF KANSAS 






TABLE 1- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 






Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

ol 
estab- 
lish, 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 0001 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay Toll ) 
(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors and 

lirm 
members 


Employees 
( full-lime 
and part- 
lime). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll- 

(add 000) 


Slocks on 

hand, end 

of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


MANOTACTURERS' SAT.fS BRANCHES 




















(WITH STOCKS) 
Automotive 


102 


$37,943 


$3,965 


— 


1,286 


»2,014 


#1.990 


$24 


$3,416 


6 


8,506 


449 


— 


106 


191 


183 


8 


397 


Orocertes and foods (Bpeclolty lines) 


38 


16,161 


1,310 


— 


530 


784 


775 


9 


268 


Jewelry end optical goods 


4 


205 


72 


— 


37 


44 


44 


— 


10 


Uaehlnary, equipment and supplies 


41 


8,810 


1,317 


— 


416 


636 


629 


7 


2,115 


All other 6/ 


13 


4,261 


817 


— 


197 


359 


359 


— 


626 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


16 


14.383 


1,592 


— 


214 


388 


388 


— 


— 


5 


873 


80 


— 


13 


28 


28 


— 


~ 


All other 7/ 


11 


13,510 


1,512 


~ 


201 


360 


360 


— 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 










2/ 






1/ 




Petroleum and its products 

AOKNTS AND BROKERS 
Automot Its 


1,473 


43,370 


8.389 


170 


1/ 


1/ 


2,646 


124 


75.695 


1,099 


131 


502 


532 


495 


37 


438 


5 


200 


21 


8 


34 


12 


11 


1 


3 


Farm products - raw materials 


67 


64,939 


745 


80 


327 


337 


308 


29 


274 


Farm products - consumer goods 


12 


1,393 


81 


11 


45 


42 


39 


3 


12 


Farm supplies 


3 


615 


8 


2 


4 


4 


4 


— 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


10 


6,855 


95 


4 


19 


46 


48 


— 


— 


lAimber and construction materials 


5 


362 


47 


3 


11 


24 


24 


— 


— 


Uachinery, equipment and supplies 


8 


219 


21 


8 


11 


10 


9 


1 


28 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


3 


7 


1 


4 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


All other 8/ 


11 


1,105 


80 


U 


51 


55 


52 


3 


121 


ASSEMBLERS 

Faiio products - raw materials 


2,078 


88,367 


3.456 


1.200 


2.454 


1,872 


1,659 


213 


4.593 


1,144 


70,875 


2,598 


425 


1,560 


1,402 


1,296 


106 


4,282 


Farm products - consumer goods 


912 


16,794 


811 


754 


862 


450 


347 


103 


277 


Fazm supplies 


19 


678 


43 


17 


25 


17 


13 


4 


33 


All other 


3 


20 


4 


4 


7 


3 


3 




1 


•Includes no compensation for propnelois and firm member* of unincorporaled bosmesses 




1 


1/ Inasnuch as it wae impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commission bulk tank stations, these data are | 


not Included. 






2/ Includes stocks not owned but held on consignment valued at J608,000. 






3/ Includes 3 exporters and 1 Importer. 






4/ Includes 1 export agent and £3 manufacturers' agents. 






5/ Includes 2 establishments dealing in amusement and sporting goods; 1 in clothing and furnishings; and 12 


In all 


other products. 






6/ Includes 1 establishment dealing in drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); 1 in dry goods 


(specialty lines); 1 


in electrical goods; 3 in farm products - cpnsumer goods; 1 in furniture and house furnishings 


; 2 in metals and 


metal work (except scrap); 1 in paper and Its products; and 3 in plumbing and heating equipment and supplies. 


7/ Includes 1 establishment dealing In chemicals and paints; 1 in electrical goods; 3 in groceries and foods (specialty 


lines); 2 in lumber and construction materials; 1 in metals and metal work (except scrap); and 


3 in tobacco and Its | 


products (except leaf). 






^ Includes 1 establishment dealing in coal and coke; 2 in drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); 1 in 


furniture and 


house furnishings; 1 in petroleum and its products; and 6 in all other products. 







Vol. II - Page 36 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




STATE OF KENTUCKY 












TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 


Number 
ol 


Net 


Operating 
expenses 


Active 
proprie- 


Employees 
( hill'time 
and part- 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 




Slocks on 
hand, end 


Kind o( Business 


Mtab- 


sales 


( including 


tors and 


















li.h. 




pay roll ) 


firm 


time). Avg. 








01 year 




ments 


( add 000 


(add 000) 


members 


lor year 


Total 


Full-time 


Par<time 


(add 000) 


TOTALS, 1935: 

FOIL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


2.057 


$379,597 


*35. 391 


1,240 


^15.765 


'^ 118,041 


^}16.833 


Hi. 208 ^$44,255 




















'.VHOI.ESALESS 
Wholesale merohanta 


1,016 


170,180 


20.583 


699 


10,133 


11,469 


10,794 


675 


21.052 


895 


150,576 


18,092 


632 


8,533 


10,112 


9,693 


419 


18,004 


Erportera 


19 


9,232 


1,131 


9 


1,054 


595 


355 


240 


1,779 


Industrial distributors 


26 


4,752 


758 


5 


253 


426 


416 


10 


1,064 


Drop shippers or desk jobbers 


12 


1,672 


137 


3 


34 


71 


68 


3 


— 


Wagon distributors 


58 


2,542 


377 


48 


185 


213 


211 


2 


82 


All other 3/ 


6 


1,406 


88 


2 


64 


52 


51 


1 


123 


UANOTACTDEERS' SAI.F.S BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 
MANUFACTORERS' SALES OFFICES 


82 


34,158 


4,327 


— 


1,052 


1,871 


1,848 


23 


1,971 




















(Without stocks) 

BULK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 


28 


25,984 


2,043 


1 


241 


525 


515 


11 





306 


33,091 


3,948 


37 


U 


y 


y 


y 


1.682 


49 


3,248 


456 


35 


171 


230 


226 


4 


389 


Chain-operated stations 


201 


24,072 


2,719 


2 


1,016 


1,504 


1,470 


34 


1,126 


Commission stations 


56 


5,771 


773 


— 


1/ 


1/ 


y 


y 


167 


AGENTS AND BROEERS 
Auction companies 


203 


85,874 


2,383 


185 


1,733 


1,389 


1,033 


355 


995 


82 


48,744 


1,422 


51 


1,291 


901 


574 


327 


484 


Brokers 


36 


13,703 


259 


29 


102 


156 


154 


2 


143 


Commission merchants 


35 


18,922 


418