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Full text of "Census of business: 1935. Wholesale distribution .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06398 411 4 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

VOLUME V 
EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 



Monthly Employment, by Kinds of Business 

and 

Employment and Pay Roll For One Week 

by Occupational Classes 




MARCH, 1937 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 

Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician 
William A. Ruff, Assistant 



This is one of a series of final volumes on Wholesale Distribution, 
a part of the Census of Business, 1935. This volume is in three sections. 
In Section One, a brief analysis of the data is given together with a 
description of terms and methods of classification, and a tabular summary 
(Table 1) of wholesale trade of the United States. Section Two (Table 2) 
shows the number of paid employees by months together with the average 
for the year. In Section Three (Tables 3A and 3B) employment and pay 
roll are presented for one week of 1935. Table 3A shows number and pay 
roll of employees, full-time and part-time separately, for selected types 
of operation. Table 3B shows number and pay roll of full-time employees 
for one week by occupational classes. 

Table 2 of this volume corresponds in part to Table 6 (Wholesale Dis- 
tribution, Volumes I to VII) of the 1933 Census of American Business. 

The statistics were collected in 1936 by a field canvass of wholesale 
establishments in every State, city and county in the United States, by the 
Bureau of the Census, with funds provided by the Works Progress Administra- 
tion. They cover the operations of wholesalers during the year 1935. 

Wholesale trade reports are prepared under the supervision of John Guernsey, Distribution Economist 
for the Census Bureau, by John Albright, assisted by Dr. Albert Haring, Edwin P. Slabaugh and John 
J. Lennon. \ _ , ^ i\ Lt n 

v,3 



Vol. V - Page 2 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

CHART 1 - EMPLOYEES AND PAY ROLL BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 
FOR FULL-SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

(Figures are for week ending October 26, 1935, or other representative week.) 



NUMBER OF 

EMPLOYEES 

(Full-time only) 

678,064 




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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Vol. V - Page 3 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



ARRANGEMENT AND CONTENTS OF VOLUMES 



Volume I - Summary for the United States. Contains national 
summaries of the tabular data presented in the other volumes in 
detail; a description of the Wholesale Census, explanations of terms, 
classifications and tables; and an analysis of Wholesale Trade for 
1935 as compared with 1933 and 1929. 

It also contains new matter not treated in greater detail 
elsewhere, including a section on wholesale chains showing number 
of establishments, net sales, expenses, employees and pay roll of 
multi-unit organizations; a study of cooperative and voluntary group 
wholesaling; and a summary of the number and nature of establishments 
operated by Negro proprietors. 



Volume II - States and 25 Selected Cities. Presents number of 
establishments, net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks 
for each State and for each of 25 selected wholesale trade centers 
(Table 1). The data are analyzed by types of operation and by kinds 
of business. 



Volume III - Cities and C ou nties. Presents number of establish- 
ments, net sales, personnel and pay roll for each city of more than 
5,000 population and for each county (Table 13). The data are analyzed 
by types of operation and by kinds of business for cities of more than 
50,000 population (Table 12A) and by kinds of business for cities of 
20,000 to 50,000 population (Table 12B). 



YoiUls 11 - l^inds of Business of Full-Service and Lim ite d- 
Function Wholesalers, B^ States. Presents, by States, the number of 
establishments, net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks 
for each of 29 kinds-of-business groups (Table lA). In a separate 
section number of establishments, net sales, proprietors, employees 
and total pay roll are shown for 142 kinds of business, by States 
(Table IB). 



Volume V - Emgloyment and Pay Roll. 

a. Monthly employment data by kinds of business (Table 2) 

b. Analysis of employment and pay roll by occupational 
classes (executive, office and clerical, selling, etc.) for a repre- 
sentative week of 1935 (Table 3). 



Vol. V - Paee 4 



Volume VI - Business Size Groups and Analysis of Operating Expenses. 

a. Number of establishments, net sales and operating expenses 

of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by business size groups 
and kinds of business (Table 4). 

b. Functional division of operating expenses (administrative, 
selling, etc.) of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by kinds 
of business (Table 5). 

y^oiume VII - Credit Sales and Sales b^ Classes of Customers. 

a. Credit business of full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers and of manufacturers' sales branches, by kinds of business (Table 6), 

b. Business of wholesale establishments analyzed to show sales 
to retailers, to industrial users, to household consumers, to other whole- 
sale organizations and sales for export separately (Table 7). The data are 
presented by types of operation and kinds of business. 

V olu me VIII - Commodity Sales. Analysis of sales of wholesale estab- 
lishments by commodities or lines of merchandise (Table 8). Data are shown 
for 99 major commodity lines, many of which are subdivided into detailed 
commodity items. In this volume the relative importance of the various 
commodities is shown for each of the 29 kind-of-business groups. 

Seecial Subject Reports. Special reports will be issued in which the 
available Census data are assembled and analyzed. Among those in prepara- 
tion, the completion of which is subject to the limitations of time and 
budget, are: 

Cooperative Wholesaling, including Voluntary Groups 

Drug Wholesaling 

Electrical Wholesaling 

Hardware Wholesaling 

Multi-Unit Wholesaling 

Tobacco Wholesaling 

Cooperative Marketing of Agricultural Commodities 



Vol. V - Page 5 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

VOLUME V 

MONTHLY EMPLOYMENT BY KINDS OF BUSINESS 

AND 

EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL FOR ONE WEEK 

BY OCCUPATIONAL CLASSES 



CONTENTS AND INDEX 



SECTION ONE 

TEXT Page 

Monthly Employment by Kinds of Business 

Monthly employment 7 

Comparison with 1933 8 

Variation by kinds of business 10 

Variation by States 10 

Employment and Pay Roll For One Week 

Full-time employees predominate 14 

Occupational groups for full-service and limited-function wholesalers . . 15 

Selling employees predominate 16 

Occupational groups by types of operation 17 

Wage rates by States 17 

Employment by sex , 19 

Employment of women , by States 20 

Description of Terms 

Wholesale establishments 21 

Active proprietors and firm members 21 

Employees 21 

Pay roll 21 

Full-time and part-time employees 21 

Employment and pay roll by occupational groups 22 

Executives 22 

Office and clerical 22 

Inside selling 22 

Outside selling 22 

Warehouse employees 22 

Other employees 22 

Representative week 23 

Types of Operation Described 

Full-service and limited-function wholesalers 23 

Manufacturers ' sales branches 24 

Manufacturers ' sales offices 24 

Bulk tank stations 24 

Agents and brokers 24 

Assemblers 25 

Kinds of Business 25 



CHARTS Page 

Chart I - Employment and Pay Roll by Occupational Groups 2 

Chart II - Employment by Months, 1933 and 1935 9 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY TABLE 



TABLES 

Number of establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, 

pay roll and stocks for 6 types of operation, each by 29 kind-of- 

business groups (Table 1 ) 27 



SECTION TWO 



TABLE 2. --MONTHLY EMPLOYMENT BY KINDS OF BUSINESS - presenting in 
summary for the United States, data for 6 types of operation, each 
by 29 kind-of-business groups. For States and for the 13 largest 
cities, the data are shown by 29 kind-of-business groups, all types 
of operation combined. 

Page Page 

State index 29 City index 30 



SECTION THREE 



TABLE 3A. --ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL - presenting in 
summary for the United States, data for full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers, manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), manufacturers' 
sales offices (without stocks), agents and brokers, and bulk tank 
stations, each type by 29 kind-of-business groups. For States and for 
the 13 largest cities, the data are shown separately for the first 4 types 
of operation enumerated above, but without reference to kinds of business. 

TABLE 3B. --NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES ANALYZED BY 
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS - presenting in summary for the United States, 
data for full-service and limited-function wholesalers, manufacturers' 
sales branches (with stocks), manufacturers' sales offices (without 
stocks), agents and brokers, and bulk tank stations, each type by 
29 kind-of-business groups. For States and for the 13 largest cities, 
the data are shown separately for the first 4 types of operation enumer- 
ated above, but without reference to kinds of business. 

Page Page 

State index 101 City index 101 



Vol. V - Page 7 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



VOLUME V 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 



This volume, which presents data on employment and pay roll of 
wholesale establishments, is in three sections. In Section One a brief 
analysis of the data is given together with a description of terms and 
methods of classification and a tabular summary (Table 1) of the Whole- 
sale Trade for the United States. Section Two (Table 2) shows the num- 
ber of paid employees by months together with the average number for 
the year. In Section Three (Tables 3A and 3B) employment and pay roll 
are presented for one week of 1935. Table 3A shows number and pay roll 
of employees (full-time and part-time separately) for selected types of 
operation. Table 3B shows number and pay roll of full-time employees 
for one week by occupational groups. 



SECTION ONE 



MONTHLY EMPLOYMENT 

The number of paid employees of wholesale establishments in the United 
States in 1935 ranged from a low of 1,253,240 in March to a high of 1,329,106 
during October, with an average for the year of 1,277,717. In addition, 
there were actively engaged 97,225 proprietors and firm members of unincor- 
porated businesses who are not counted as employees. Thus, wholesale trade 
provided employment for an average of 1,374,942 persons or one out of every 
93 individuals in the country. 

A study of the accompanying table reveals only a slight variation in 
the number of paid employees during the first seven months of the year, 
each showing a fraction over 98 percent of the annual average. The months 
from August to December, inclusive, show employment in excess of the aver- 
age with the high appearing in October. The gain from a low of 1,253,240 
in March, however, to the high of 1,329,106 in October totals only 75,866 
individuals or slightly less than 6 percent. For any two consecutive 
months October also shows the largest gain with 32,523 more employees than 
September. August is second in this respect with 18,336 more employees 
than July. On the other hand, the largest drop comes between October 
and November, a difference of 9,756 employees. In no case does the change 
between any two consecutive months exceed 2.5 percent. From these figures 
it is evident that for the country as a whole, employment in wholesale 
trade is subject to little seasonal variation. 



Page 



Comearison With 1933 

Compared with 1933, the average number of employees engaged during 1935 
was 8 percent greater. With some variation in the differences, each month 
of 1935 shows more employees than the corresponding month in 1933, the larg- 
est difference appearing for the month of March. For each of the two years 
the low appears in March and the high in October. It is probably true that 
the 1935 figures more nearly approximate a normal seasonal variation in whole- 
sale trade than do those for 1933. The rather pronounced rise from March 
to October of the earlier year may be credited, in part, to the Government's 
measures to increase employment. 



A comparative summary oi 
1935 and 1933 is given below: 



the number of paid employees by months for 



Number of employees 

(full-time and 
part-time combined) 



Percent of average 



1935* 



1933 



1935 



1933 



Average for year 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 



1,277,717 


1,187,688 


100.0 


100.0 


1,255,983 


1,131,034 


98.3 


95.2 


1,255,205 


1,126,682 


98.2 


94.9 


1,253,240 


1,117,587 


98.1 


94.1 


1,255,399 


1,131,256 


98.2 


95.3 


1,254,799 


1,145,155 


98.2 


96.4 


1,255,020 


1,163,027 


98.2 


97.9 


1,261,360 


1,175,116 


98.7 


98.9 


1,279,696 


1,207,384 


100.2 


101.7 


1,296,583 


1,249,878 


101.5 


105.2 


1,329,106 


1,270,654 


104.0 


107.0 


1,319,350 


1,269,970 


103.3 


106.9 


1,316,863 


1,264,513 


103.1 


106.5 



(For comparison purposes the 1933 figures have been adjusted to the scope of 
the 1935 Census. ) 



* As it was impracticable to obtain employment for commission bulk tank stations ( see text, Page 24 ) , 
direct comparisons with 1933 have necessitated the inclusion of estimates in the 1935 figures. These 
estimates were prepared on the basis of information available for non- commission stations (those operated 
on a salary basis) and are included only in the above comparative summary and in Chart II, which vary 
from Table 2 by the amounts of the estimates. The estimates are as follows: 



Average for the year 17j_164 



January 
February 
March 
April 



17,250 


May 


17,164 


September 


17,181 


17,181 


June 


17,147 


October 


17,181 


17,113 


July 


17,216 


November 


17,095 


17,147 


August 


17,198 


December 


17,095 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



NUMBER OF 

EMPLOYEES 

(EXPRESSED IN 

THOUSANDS) 



CHART II - COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT BY MONTHS, 1933 AND 1935 
ALL TYPES OF OPERATION COMBINED 



(Fulltime and part-time employees 




JAN FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Page 10 



yaiiition by Kinds of Business 

In Table A, Page 11, the number of employees is shown by months for each 
of 29 kind-of -business groups, all types of operation combined. For each 
trade the number is also expressed as a percent of the average for the year, 
the ratio for the maximum number being underscored. It is interesting to 
note that October was the high month for 14 of the 29 trades and December for 
11. General merchandise and grocery specialties reached their peaks in 
November, while January was high for coal and coke and July for petroleum 
and its products. 

The low point in monthly employment was reached by 17 of the 29 trades 
in January, by 4 in February and by 2 in March. The low for general 
merchandise appeared in May; farm products-raw materials in June; while 
July was low for the following trades: coal and coke; dry goods (full line); 
farm supplies; and grocery and food specialties. 

The largest seasonal variation is found in the farm products-raw 
materials trade which, in terms of percent of average, shows a 32.5 point 
gain in December over June. Beer, wines and liquors, a relatively new 
and growing business, is second with a 14.2 point gain in October over 
January. Other trades showing significant seasonal variations are: farm 
supplies, October 10.4 points higher than July; coal and coke, 9.9 points 
higher in January than in July; farm products-consumer goods, 9.9 point 
gain for October over January; jewelry and optical goods, December 9.6 
points in excess of January; plumbing and heating, 9.6 point gain in 
October over February; and waste materials, October 9.6 points higher than 
in Ja-nuary. In contrast, 20 of the 29 trades show a variation from the low 
month to the high month of only 9.5 points or less. 

Variation by States 

A study of monthly employment figures by States reveals some rather 
pronounced seasonal variations (See Table B). North Carolina, Kentucky 
and Idaho, for example, each shows over a 50 point difference between the 
low month and the high month. Significant variations are also noted for the 
following States: Florida with December 45.3 points in excess of July; 
Washington with October 32.3 points over March; South Carolina with 
September 31.3 points over April; and Virginia with November 21.3 points in 
excess of the low for July. Twenty-two of the 48 States show a seasonal 
variation of 10 points or more. In general. States which are predominately 
agricultural, particularly those with emphasis upon only a few crops, show 
pronounced seasonal variation, while those which are more or less industrial, 
or which are characterized by diversified activity, show little seasonal 
change . 

The significance of October as a month of employment is indicated by the 
fact that it was the peak for 24 of the 48 States (see Table B) . November 
was a high month for 7 States and for the District of Columbia, followed 
by December which was the highest month for 7 States. Only 2 States, 
Kentucky and Mississippi, show peak employment prior to the m.onth of July. 



Vol. V - Page 11 



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. V - Page 13 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 UNlltU blAlfci SUMMARY 

TABLE B.- -NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES BY MONTHS FOR EACH STATE 
EXPRESSED AS A PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FOR THE YEAR 

The number of employees for each state is given in Table 2, Page 31.) 


Division and Slate 


Employee, 
(hilltime 
and part- 
Average 
for year 


Number of Employees on Pay Roll Nearest the 15th of Each Month 
Expressed As A Percent Of The Average For The Year 


January 


February 


March 


Aprrl 


t^.y 


June 


July 


August 


Sep- 
tember 


October 


No- 
vember 


De- 


UNITED STATES 

HSU ENOLAND 

Connecticut 
Ueloe 

Massachusetts 
New Hampshire 
Rhode Island 
Vermont 

MIDnLB ATLANTIC 

New Jersey 
New York 
Pennsylyanla 

EAST NORTH CINTRAL 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Michigan 

Ohio 

Wisconsin 

WEST NORTH CKOTHAL 

Io«a 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebrasica 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 

DlBtrlet of Columbia 

fllorida 

Georgia 

Maryland 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Virginia 

/(est Virginia 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Alabama 
Kentucky 
Mlsaissippi 
Ttennesaee 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoitia 
Texas 

MOUNTAIN 

Arizona 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Wyoming 

PACIFIC 

California 

Oregon 

Washington 


100.0 


98.3 


98.2 


98.1 


98.2 


98.2 


98.2 


98.7 


100.2 


101.5 


104.1 


103.3 


103.1 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


101.0 
101.9 
98.6 
98.2 
99.3 
97.9 

97.5 
97.9 
98.8 

97.6 
96.9 
97.1 
96.5 
97.3 

94.7 
96.4 
96.3 
97.8 
96.3 
91,9 
93.1 

95.2 
97.3 
118.1 

97.3 
99.9 
91.9 
93.6 
102.7 
97.4 

98.7 
137.1 


100.5 
102.0 
98.1 
97.8 
99.9 
97.3 

97.4 
98.1 
99.0 

97.8 
96.8 
97,0 
97.1 
97.9 

94.6 
96.8 
96.2 
98.4 
96.4 
93.6 
93.1 

95.5 
97.5 
119.1 
97.5 
99.0 
87.8 
91.9 
99.7 
97.4 

99.1 
130.5 

93,9 
104.1 

95.7 
98,0 
95.8 
100.9 

95.7 
95,7 
95,8 
93.5 
95.8 
96.5 
95.2 
94.1 

96.7 
92.3 
89.6 


98.7 
100.7 
98.6 
98.2 
99.5 
97.0 

97.5 
98.6 
99.1 

98.3 
97.4 
96.7 
97.7 
98.3 

95.3 
97.9 
96.5 

97.2 
95.2 
95.9 

96.9 
98.2 
U7.4 
98.5 
99.1 
82.4 
91.1 
95.4 
96.8 

98.5 
102.1 

94.8 
102.9 

96.6 
98.7 
96.1 
100.8 

104.3 
95.8 
95.8 
94.3 
95.4 
97.6 
96.0 
93.8 

97.6 
92.9 
89.5 


96.5 
99.6 
98.9 
98.8 
99.0 
98.3 

98.3 
98.8 

99.7 

98.9 
98.5 
97.3 
98.9 
99.1 

97.3 
98.6 
97.4 
99.0 
97.8 
95.9 
100.3 

97.7 
98.9 
111.4 
98.2 
95.5 
80.6 
90.6 
90.9 
97.2 

97.5 
90.8 
98.4 
101.5 

98.3 
99.0 
96.4 
99.3 

107.8 
96.5 
91.3 
96.0 
97.2 
98.5 
97.7 
96.9 

99.9 
94.1 
90.3 


97.2 
97.2 
99.5 
98,7 
98.5 
99.2 

99.3 
98.8 
99.6 

99.3 
99.4 
97.4 
99.5 
99.3 

98. S 
99.8 
97.8 
99.1 
98.4 
95.2 
101.7 

99.7 
99.8 
95.4 
95.3 
95.4 
81.2 
91.2 
91.6 
98.7 

97.6 
88.6 
102.6 
97.1 

100.0 
100.4 
96.0 
98.5 

95.9 
97.2 
86.3 
97.9 
99.5 
99.1 
98.6 
98.4 

100.6 
95.4 
92.5 


97.3 
95.6 
100.1 
100.1 
98.8 
101.2 

100.0 
99.1 
99.8 

99.5 
100.8 
98.3 
99.9 
99.7 

100.6 
101.4 
98.8 
99.5 
99.7 
96.3 
99.9 

100.9 
100.2 
79.7 
95.3 
96.5 
77.8 
91.5 
91.4 
99.2 

97.6 
86.9 
105.3 


97.6 
94.5 
100.6 
103.2 


97.9 
94.2 
100.7 
102.8 
98.9 
103.2 


99.2 
101.6 
100.5 
102.2 
100.6 
103.2 

101.8 
101.0 
100.5 

101.1 
101.5 
101.7 
101.9 
101.4 

108.6 
101.8 
103.3 
101.1 
102.6 
110.4 
103.7 

103.2 
100.8 
79.5 
100.2 
102.0 
132.5 


104.3 
107.2 


104.7 
103.9 
101.1 

99.4 
101.5 

99.5 

101.6 
102.6 
100.8 

102.6 


105.0 


101.8 
101.4 
98.3 
102.4 


101.9 


102.5 
102.0 
101.6 

102.5 


99.8 
102.3 

101.3 
99.6 
100.1 

99.8 
101.6 

98.9 
100.6 

99.8 

102.1 
102.9 


99.7 

101.3 
102.7 


101.5 
100.2 
100.2 

100.5 
102.3 
99.6 
101.9 
100.5 

102.9 
101.7 
101.8 
100.5 
102.2 
105.0 
102.1 

102.9 
100.4 
74.7 
98.7 
97.9 
111.1 
118.7 
104.3 
101.2 

98.7 
88.5 
100.2 
95.1 

101.1 
99.1 

100.5 
94.7 

92.9 
101.9 

91.1 
103.8 
103.2 


102.6" 
101.2 


101.1 

102.0 
101.3 
104.9 
101.6 
101.7 

102.2 
100.0 
102.5 
101.5 
101.8 
99.6 
102.3 

100.1 
102.2 
119.3 


102.5 

102.6 


100.9 
104.7 
101.8 
102.4 

103.9 
100.7 
103.7 
101.8 
102.1 
104.6 
103.0 

101.3 
102.3 


106.4 


102.6 


102.7 


105.3 


101.9 
105.1 


100.6 
100.3 
102.3 
100,5 
100,8 

103.3 
100.3 
74.0 
95.1 
99.2 
81.7 
95.2 
90.8 
100.3 

97.5 
82.9 
98.3 
96.1 

102.1 
98.8 

100.7 
93.5 

96.7 
100.4 

82.8 
101.9 
102.9 
101.5 
103.2 
100.7 

100.5 
99.3 
100.5 


102.2 


103.2 


111.8 


104.2 


103.3 


102.3 
100.2 


111.0 
106.9 
105.1 
129.6 
100.2 
112.1 


107.9 
104.7 
112.9 
100.4 
109.7 
102.3 

103.4 
125.6 
103.2 
107.3 


105.6 


113! 6 
109.7 
104.5 


121.9 


101.6 
102.5 

101.1 
90.3 

101.3 
97.1 

102.8 
100.4 
101.7 
96.2 

93.7 
104.4 
111.7 
105.4 
102.3 
101.5 
103.1 
108.2 


102.5 
105.8 


104.6 
87.8 

103.3 
99.3 

102.2 
102.9 


89.0 
103.8 
99.3 

103.1 


94.7 
105.0 

94.7 
98.4 
95.6 
100.7 

104.9 
96.6 
98.0 
94.0 
97.2 
96.9 
94.1 
94.4 

95.8 
92.9 
90.8 


95.3 

101.6 
99.3 
98.6 
97.1 

94.5 

97.8 
77.9 
100.0 
102.0 
100.4 
100.1 
99.2 

100.2 
97.4 
95.3 


101.7 
102.5 
106.2 
106.8 


102.6 
106.9 


105.4 
105.2 

99.5 
104.3 
131.0 


106.2 

100.3 
104.7 


113.7 


104.6 
115.2 
104.1 
100.6 
102.0 
102.6 
102.4 

98.9 


123.2 
103.1 
102.0 
102.4 


106.0 


101.5 
102.2 
104.1 


101.7 
103.6 
100.3 

100.8 
112.7 


101.7 
103.8 

102.9 
102.2 
110.1 


107.6 
105.4 


100.9 
109.6 
115.3 


110.6 
121.8 


103.6 



Page 14 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL FOR ONE WEEK 



In this census, information was obtained for the first time from the 
various wholesale establishments relative to employment and pay roll for 
a representative week. Each establishment was asked to report the actual 
employment and pay roll for the week ending October 26, 1935, or in the 
case of a highly seasonal business, for a week of normal employment dur- 
ing the busy season. The respondent was further requested to classify the 
employees for the week as executives and salaried corporation officers, 
office and clerical, inside selling, outside selling, warehouse and other 
employees and to report, for full-time and part-time separately, the number 
and pay roll . 

The classification of employees according to the different occupational 
groups was not always clear-cut or absolute. Many workers perform a variety 
of functions. An employee in a small wholesale house may be bookkeeper, 
telephone salesman and warehouseman. However, it was necessary to classify 
him in only one group based upon the function which demanded the major por- 
tion of his time. While, with minor exceptions, all wholesale establish- 
ments were able to supply employment figures for the week as a whole, some- 
what less than the total number classified their employees by occupational 
groups. Establishments reporting a total for the week and those which were 
able to provide the information by functional classes are shown separately 
in Table 3A. To provide more reliable information on average weekly wage 
rates, the data are presented by types of operation. Only the full-time 
employees are analyzed by occupational groups (Table 3B). Average weekly 
wages for part-time employees would have little significance, as the length 
of time that they were employed is not available. 

Full-Time Emgloyees Predom in ate 

Of the 88,931 full-service and limited-function wholesalers in the United 
States in 1935, 79,510 reported paid employees in addition to proprietors 
and partners or non-salaried members of their families. These 79,510 estab- 
lishments employed 806,307 persons for a representative week, 749,829, or 93 
percent, of whom were engaged on a full-time basis. Further evidence of 
the predominance of full-time employment is found in the fact that for this 
type of wholesale establishment full-time pay roll accounted for 97.3 percent 
of the total for the week. 

Less than 3 percent of the employees of manufacturers' sales branches 
were engaged on a part-time basis, while for manufacturers' sales offices, 
the number was less than 2 percent of the total. In the case of bulk tank 
stations, the part-time employees accounted for 4 percent of the paid 
personnel . 

It is interesting to note that only 13,784 of the 18,147 agents or bro- 
kerage establishments reported paid personnel for a representative week. 
These 13,784 establishments engaged 82,807 persons, 15.8 percent of whom were 
part-time. 



Page 15 



Employment and pay roll for one week 
below: 



summarized by types of operation 



Total Establishments reporting 

numbe r §i2i2Y§§§_Ioi_a:_Il§£Iie sen ta ti ve_we ek 

of Number of Full-time Part-time 

estab- estab- §ISEi2y§§s employees 

lish- lish- Number Pay roll Number Pay roll 

ments ments 



Type of operation 



Full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers 88,931 

Manufacturers' sales 

branches (with stocks) 11,634 

Manufacturers' sales 

offices (without stocks) 4,196 

Bulk tank stations 

(Petroleum) 1/ 20,897 

Agents and brokers 18,147 



79,510 749,829 $22,931,383 56,478 $630,505 

11,608 213,057 8,011,250 5,708 80,980 

4,168 43,164 2,059,944 692 16,154 

20,178 88,735 2,903,887 3,840 49,509 

13,784 69.723 2,637,524 13,084 140,181 



1/ 



Do 



include commission stations. 



Occupational Groups For Full-Service And Limited-Fu nction W hol esalers 

Of the 678,064 full-time employees of full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers which were reported by occupational groups, 57,626, or 8.5 percent 
were executives and salaried corporation officers; 151,418, or 22.3 percent, 
office and clerical employees; 59,898, or 8.8 percent, inside selling employees 
134,305, or 19.8 percent, outside selling em.ployees; 133,139, or 19.7 percent, 
warehouse employees; while 141,678, or 20.9 percent were classified as "other 
employees" . 

The highest paid employees were the executives and salaried corporation 
officers at $76.69 per week followed in order by outside salesmen at $38.52, 
house salesmen at $27.90, office and clerical employees at $24.67, while ware- 
housemen and other employees were lowest with less than $21.00 per week. 

A summary of the number of full-time employees of full-service and limited 
function wholesalers by occupational groups follows: 



Occupational group 



United States Total 
Not analyzed by groups 
Analyzed by groups 

Executives and salaried 

corporation officers 
Office and clerical emplo; 
Inside selling employees 
Outside selling employees 
Warehouse employees 
Other employees 



_Emploirees_ 


Paz_roll_for_ 


one week 


Average 




% of 




t of 


wage per 


Number 


total 


Amount 


total 


employee 


749^829 




$22,931,383 




S30 . 58 


71,765 




2,100,768 




29.27 


§78^064 _ 


100.0 


20^830^615 


100^0 


30^72 


57,626 


8.5 


4,534,570 


21.8 


78.69 


yees 151,418 


22.3 


3,735,262 


17.9 


24.67 


59,898 


8.8 


1,671,038 


8.0 


27.90 


134,305 


19.8 


5,172,984 


24.8 


38.52 


133,139 


19.7 


2,789,346 


13.4 


20.95 


141,678 


20.9 


2,927,415 


14.1 


20.66 



Vol. V - Page 



Selling Em2loii:ees Predominate 

Of the 5 types of operation for which full-time employees are studied 
by occupational groups, the number of selling employees (inside and outside 
combined) leads in all but one. For full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers they account for 28.6 percent of the total, or slightly in 
excess of one out of four. For manufacturer' sales branches they account 
for 37.5 percent or 3 out of 8; for manufacturers' sales offices and bulk 
tank stations they exceed 40 percent of the total or 2 out of 5. In the 
case of agents and brokers their number is exceeded by the office and 
clerical group. 

Executives and salaried corporation officers are the least numerous, 
their percentage of total ranging from 2.2 for manfacturers' sales 
branches to 12.8 for agents and brokers. In the latter case their number 
exceeds that of the inside selling and of the warehouse employees. 

Office and clerical employees are the second most numerous class, 
accounting for 22.5 percent of the total for full-service and limited- 
function wholesalers; 28.9 percent for manufacturers' sales branches; 
40.3 percent for manufacturers' sales offices; and 38.4 percent for agents 
and brokers. In the case of bulk tank stations, their number is exceeded 
by "other employees", as well as the selling group. 

The number of warehouse employees attains importance only in the case 
of full-service and limited-function wholesalers, manufacturers' sales 
branches and bulk tank stations. 

The number of full-time employees for the various occupational groups, 
expressed as a percent of the total for each of the 5 types of operation, 
is given below: 



Occupational 
group 



Full-service 

and limited- Mfrs'. Mfrs'. 

function sales sales 

wholesalers branches offices 



Bulk Agents 
tank and 
stations brokers 



Total 

Executives and salaried 

corporation officers 
Office and clerical employees 
Inside selling employees 
Outside selling employees 
Warehouse employees 
Other employees 



100.0 



100.0 



100.0 



100.0 



100.0 



8.5 


2.2 


3.6 


3.6 


12.8 


22.3 


28.9 


40.3 


15.4 


38.4 


8.8 


4.3 


5.5 


3.7 


6.3 


19.8 


33.2 


43.0 


37.2 


19.5 


19.7 


16.5 


-- 


14.1 


9.5 


20.9 


14.9 


7.6 


26.0 


13.5 



Page 17 



OccyEiiiSHai Groups b^ Ty2§§ of Operation 

A study of the occupational groups by types of operation shows, except 
for executives and salaried corporation officers, that outside selling 
employees are the highest paid personnel for all types of operation. In- 
side selling employees are second in order, but in the case of bulk tank 
stations, their weekly earnings are only slightly in excess of those for 
office and clerical employees, reflecting to some extent, the similarity 
of their duties. The weekly wage rates indicate that there is a more clear- 
cut distinction between outside and inside selling employees of full-service 
and limited-function wholesalers ($38.52 as compared with $27.90) than 
for manufacturers' sales branches ($48.93 as compared with $42.34). The 
next most specialized group is office and clerical, whose rates exceed those 
for warehouse and "other employees" for each of the types of operation but 
one. Little difference is found between the wages of warehouse and "other 
employees" . 

In general, it would appear that manufacturers select experienced 
or highly trained personnel for their branches and offices. The weekly 
wages for the various occupational groups for these types of establishments 
exceed, as a rule, those paid by full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers, bulk tank stations and by agents and brokers. 

A summary of the weekly wages of the various occupational groups by 
types of operation follows: 





Full- 


-service 


and 


Manufactur- 


Manufactur- 


- Bulk 


Agents 


Occupational 


limited-function 


ers' sales 


ers' sales 


tank 


and 


..Kroup 


wholesalers 




branches 


offices 


stations 


brokers 


Office and clerical 
















employees 




$24.67 




$29.02 


$31.53 


$31.02 


$26.75 


Inside selling employees 


27.90 




42.34 


44.00 


31.72 


42.04 


Outside selling employees 


38.52 




48.93 


59.35 


36.92 


47.06 


Warehouse employees 




20.95 




25.17 


-- 


27.82 


20.12 


Other employees 




20.66 




27.51 


36.41 


28.13 


19.73 



Wag,e Rates by States 

For convenience in comparing wage rates by States and geographic divisions, 
Table C is given on the following page. In this table are presented the aver- 
age weekly wages of office and clerical, inside selling, outside selling, 
warehouse and other employees of full-service and limited-function wholesalers 
for each State. 

In evaluating the rates, some consideration should be given to differ- 
ences in the kinds of business which compose the wholesale trade of the 
various States. Some kinds of business require more technical and highly 
trained employees than others and their presence or absence affects the totals. 
Likewise, the presence of large cities tends to increase the weekly wage rates. 



Vol. V - Pa 


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Vol. V - Page 19 



Employmen t Bi Sex 

Each wholesale establishment was also asked to report the number of 
paid employees for the representative week by sex. As would be expected, 
the number of males predominates heavily. Of the total of 1,374,565 
reported for the week, 18.6 percent, or less than one out of five, are 
females. The ratio of the number of women to the total varies with the 
kind of business from a low of 5.7 percent for petroleum and its products 
to 43.6 percent for drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines). The number 
of women accounts for more than 25 percent of the total for each of the 
following trades: amusement and sporting goods; clothing and furnishings; 
drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines); dry goods (specialty lines); 
general merchandise; and jewelry and optical goods. 

The total number of employees together with the percent women are 
summarized by kind-of-business groups below: 



Kinds of business 



Total 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Coal and coke 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm products-raw materials 

Farm products-consumer goods 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 

General merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Metals and metal work (except scrap) 

Paper and its products 

Petroleum and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 

Waste materials 

All other 



Total 




number 


Percent 


of 


women 


employees* 




1^374^565 


18^6 


19,816 


35.2 


77,415 


13.7 


41,627 


13.1 


26,290 


20.9 


40,558 


29.9 


14,020 


16.3 


15,396 


23.9 


16,785 


43.6 


14,836 


19.5 


35 , 988 


26.0 


42,209 


21.2 


98,250 


18.4 


170,392 


19.2 


18,208 


22.0 


19,047 


24.1 


10,523 


28.9 


69,062 


13.8 


163,320 


19.7 


32,948 


17.4 


15,079 


25.7 


41,482 


12.8 


116,726 


18.2 


25,556 


17.0 


32,491 


21.2 


98,443 


5.7 


26,053 


16.0 


19,955 


14.2 


32,236 


17.0 


39,852 


23.4 



Includes employees of assemblers but not of commi 



bulk tank stations. 



Vol. V - Page 20 



Employmen t Of Women . By States 

The ratio of women to the total number of employees varies considerably 
among the States. It was as low as 6.0 percent, or one out of 16, in 
North Dakota and as high as 25.6 percent, or one out of four, in the State 
of Washington. In the following States the number of females constitutes 
less than 10 percent of the total: North Dakota, Arkansas, Arizona, Nevada, 
New Mexico, and Wyoming. On the other hand, they constitute more than 20 
percent in the following six States: New York, North Carolina, Virginia, 
California, Oregon and Washington. 



The total number of employees together with the percent females are 
shown by geographic divisions and States below: 



Geographic division 


Total 


Percent 


Geographic division 


Total 


Percent 


and State 


employees* 


women 


and State 


employees* 


women 








SOUTH ATLANTIC 


141,491 


18.9 


UNITED STATES 


1,374,565 


18.6 


Delaware 

District of Columbia 


2,016 
8,510 


14.9 








13.8 








Florida 


23,872 


16.6 


NEW ENGLAND 


85,164 


17.4 


Georgia 


21,334 


19.9 


Connecticut 


13,731 


18.2 


Maryland 


21,317 


19.4 


Maine 


6,970 


12.4 


North Carolina 


23,888 


21.7 


Massachusetts 


53,411 


18.5 


South Carolina 


8,250 


14.7 


New Hampshire 


2,241 


13.2 


Virginia 


22,837 


23.8 


Rhode Island 


6,559 


16.2 


West Virginia 


9,467 


12.0 


Vermont 


2,252 


11.3 














EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 


63,671 


14.9 








Alabama 


11,527 


13?7 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 


366,664 


20.7 


Kentucky 


23,179 


16.4 


New Jersey 


27,653 


13.3 


Mississippi 


6,047 


12.5 


New York 


254,505 


22.8 


Tennessee 


22,918 


14.7 


Pennsylvania 


84,506 


16.7 














WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 


89,081 


14.3 








Arkansas 


6,371 


9.0 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 


277,881 


17.8 


Louisiana 


18,756 


14.9 


Illinois 


109,614 


19.2 


Oklahoma 


14,263 


11.0 


Indiana 


24,434 


13.2 


Texas 


49,691 


15.7 


Michigan 


44,945 


19.5 








Ohio 


72,526 


16.7 


MOUNTAIN 


31,969 


13.8 


Wisconsin 


26,362 


15.6 


Arizona 


3,074 


9.2 








Colorado 


10,961 


16.2 








Idaho 


4,507 


14.0 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL 


153,696 


15.4 


Montana 


4,503 


12.4 


Iowa 


21,654 


13.8 


Nevada 


674 


8.3 


Kansas 


13,490 


10.0 


New Mexico 


1,492 


9.6 


Minnesota 


34,495 


15.8 


Utah 


5,816 


15.1 


Missouri 


58,868 


18.7 


Wyoming 


942 


9.4 


Nebraska 


14,435 


14.3 








North Dakota 


5,693 


6.0 


PACIFIC 


164,948 


22.3 


South Dakota 


5,061 


11.5 


California 


123,431 


21.6 








Oregon 


12,737 


22.0 








Washington 


28,780 


25.6 



Includet employee* of auembler* but not of committion bulk tank atation*. 



Page 21 



DESCRIPTION OF TERMS 



To assist in the understanding of the data in this report, the following 
explanation of terms is given. 

WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS. --Wholesale establishments, as the term is 
used here, are places of business engaged primarily in selling, or acting 
as agents in purchasing or selling, goods on a wholesale basis. In addition 




For census purposes, the number of wholesalers does not include ped- 
dlers or others selling at wholesale without recognizable places of business; 
nor establishments engaged in wholesaling as a secondary activity; nor 
central administrative offices of wholesale concerns when reported as 
separate establishments. Wholesaler-retailers are included if more than 
half of their business is at wholesale. 

ACTIVE PROPRIETORS AND FIRM MEMBERS. --The number of proprietors includes 
owners or partners of unincorporated businesses devoting the major portion of 
their time to the operation of the business. Although they are actively en- 
gaged in the business, their number is not included in the count of employees, 
nor is their compensation included in pay roll. Executives of corporations 
are classified as em2loi^ees_j_ not as proprietor-owners. 

EMPLOYEES. --This term includes the number of full-time and part-time 
paid employees of wholesale establishments, including salaried corporation 
officers and executives. The average is arrived at by totalling the number 
reported monthly (for the pay period ending nearest the 15th of each month) 
and dividing the sum by 12. Active proprietors and firm members of unincor- 
porated businesses are not included in the count of employees. 

PAY ROLL. --Pay roll is the total compensations (salaries, wages, bonuses 
and commissions) paid to the various classes of employees. 

EULL:::TIME AND PART-TIME EMPLOYEES. --For the purposes of this inquiry, 
respondents were requested to report persons regularly working four or more 
hours per day, or more than three full days per week, as full-time employees, 
and all others as part-time employees. Nevertheless, there is some overlapping 
between full-time and part-time employment due to lack of common usage of terms. 
The term part-time employees is frequently used, particularly in the seasonal 
trades, with reference to persons engaged for a fraction of the year rather 
than a part of the week. Except for the farm products trade, however, it is 
thought that the amount of overlapping represents only a negligible portion 
of the total. 



Page 22 



EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS. --In order to provide 
a better understanding of employment and pay roll of wholesale establish- 
ments, each respondent was asked to classify his employees by occupational 
groups, full-time and part-time employees separately. Data on the number of 
employees and pay roll for one week were obtained for the following groups: 
executives and salaried corporation officers; office and clerical employees; 
inside selling employees; outside selling employees; warehouse employees; 
and other employees. Where an employee performed a variety of functions 
and could thus be identified with more than one group, the respondent was 
instructed to classify him on the basis of the function requiring the major 
portion of his time in 1935. 

EXECUTIVES. --This group includes two types of employees: (a) salaried 
officers of corporations, such as the president, vice-president, secretary and 
treasurer of the corporation, the general auditor and other persons appoint- 
ed by the board of directors; (b) other hired executives such as office 
managers, sales managers, credit managers and others who devote the major 
portion of their time to responsible administrative and supervisory duties. 

OEEICE AND CLERICAL. --Here are included stenographers, office secre- 
taries, bookkeepers, accountants, clerks and other so-called "white-collar 
workers", except warehouse and shipping clerks. 

INSIDE SELLING. --House salesmen and others devoting all or the major 
part of their time inside the establishment meeting prospective customers 
and making sales, including sales by telephone and letter, are included here. 

OUTSIDE SELLING. --This group includes travelling or road salesmen, and 
specialty salesmen who operate from the establishment as headquarters but who 
spend a minor portion of their time inside. Both commission and salaried 
salesmen are included. Manufacturers' agents and com.bination salesmen or 
other sales representatives who are in business for themselves, however, are 
excluded. 

WAREHOUSE EMPLOYEES. --The term includes persons engaged at the warehouse 
or in the stockroom, such as warehouse supervisors, shipping clerks, stock- 
men, packers, loaders, etc. Employees handling goods which are stored out- 
side are classed as other employees. 

OTHER EMPLOYEES. --In general, two types of employees are included 
under this classification: (a) those performing duties which could not properly 
be classified elsewhere (maintenance employees, char women, elevator operators, 
truck drivers, yard employees, salvage employees, service men, etc.); (b) those 
performing functions falling within two or more of the classifications described 
above, no one of which dominated. The latter is particularly true of smaller 
houses where employees divided their time among several activities such as 
inside selling, warehousing and delivering. 



Vol. V - Page 23 



REPRESENTATIVE WEEK. --For the purposes of reporting employees and pay 
roll by occupational classes, the week ending October 26 was selected as 
fairly representative for wholesale trade. It was recognized, however, 
that for certain seasonal businesses October is a month of low employment. 
Such businesses were requested to report one week of normal employment 
during their active season. In most such cases this was interpreted as 
meaning the week of maximum or near maximum employment. Inasmuch as each 
establishment engaged in a seasonal business reported for its busy season, 
the totals as shown for one week in Table 3A are in excess, in general, of 
the number of employees for any one month as shown in Table 2. The fact 
that the representative week chosen was in the month of October, a month 
of high employment, is also a contributing factor to this difference. 



TYPES OF OPERATION 



In presenting the data, wholesale establishments have been divided, ac- 
cording to the type of establishment or the nature of the function performed, 
into 6 groups as described below. Establishments engaged in more than one 
type of operation are classified according to their major activity in 1935. 

1- Full-Serv ice and Limite d-F unction Wholesalers. --The first of the 
six functional type groups consists of full-service and limited-function 
wholesalers including exporters, importers and industrial distributors-- 
establishments engaged in buying and selling goods on their own account and 
largely independent in ownership. Establishments in this classification 
usually warehouse the goods which they distribute, and sell primarily to 
retailers, although some handle goods which are sold chiefly to industrial 
users. 

The leading type of establishment in this group is the conventional 
wholesale merchant, who accounts for 88 percent of the establishments and 
82 percent of net sales. The term covers most full-function wholesalers 
operating primarily in the domestic market. Wholesale merchants buy and 
sell merchandise on their own account; carry stocks in their places of 
business; assemble in large lots and redistribute, usually through salesmen, 
in smaller quantities; extend credit to customers; and render advice to the 
trade. Although they sell primarily to retailers, substantial quantities 
of merchandise are sold by them to industrial and commercial users, (such as 
restaurants, hotels, institutions, public utilities, manufacturers) and to 
other wholesalers. 

For census purposes no distinction is made between the terms wholesale 
merchant and jobber. 



Vol. V - Page 24 



2. Manufacturers' Sales Branches Iwith stocksl. — This classification 
consists of wholesale outlets owned and operated by manufacturers apart 
from their plants, primarily for the purposes of carrying stocks, selling 
and delivering their own products. Sales of manufacturers' sales branches 
include bookings (sales for direct delivery from plant) as well as sales 
from stocks at the branches. Subsidiary sales corporations of manufactur- 
ers have been classified as full-service and limited-function wholesalers 
rather than manufacturers' sales branches. 

3. Manufacturers! Sales Offices iwithout stocks_}_. --The third type of 
operation consists of establishments maintained by manufacturers apart from 
their plants for the purpose of selling their products. Sales offices are 
distinguished from sales branches by the fact that they do not include 
facilities for the physical storage, handling and delivery of merchandise. 

4- Bulk Tank Stati on s. --For census purposes bulk tank stations are 
wholesale establishments engaged primarily in storing and distributing 
gasoline, oil and other petroleum products. The classification includes 
bulk stations servicing retail filling stations owned by the same organi- 
zation, as well as stations selling to independent retailers or industrial 
users. It embraces stations independently owned and operated, chain- 
operated stations, and commission stations owned by chains but operated by 
managers with a proprietary interest. 

The operators of commission bulk tank stations are paid in the form 
of commissions, which include indeterminate amounts for overhead and de- 
livery costs as well as pay roll of employees hired by them and compen- 
sation for their personal services. Inasmuch as it has been impracticable 
to obtain their employment and pay roll, commission bulk tank stations are 
omitted altogether from Tables 2 and 3. An estimate of their employment 
is included in the text table on Page 8. 

5, Agents and Brokers Ifunctional middlemenl. --The fifth type group 
includes middlemen who negotiate purchases and/or sales in domestic or 
foreign trade, but who do not, as a rule, take title to the goods. A 
chief additional function is to furnish marketing information. They 
commonly receive their remuneration in the form of commissions or fees. 
This classification includes auction companies, merchandise brokers, com- 
mission merchants, export agents, import agents, manufacturers' agents, 
selling agents, purchasing agents, and resident buyers. 



Page 25 



6. Assemblers . --The sixth group includes establishments engaged 
primarily in the purchase or sale of farm products at local producing 
points or in cities convenient to producing regions. The emphasis 
is on the buying phase, since it is the principal function of these 
organizations to assemble and concentrate farm products which are 
produced on a relatively small scale into quantities large enough for 
economical shipment and handling. Most assemblers operate in what may 
be termed the local growers' markets. The classification includes 
firms and individuals who do business on their own account, as well 
as those who operate on a salary or commission basis for others. 
Under this heading are included cream stations, cooperative market- 
ing associations, grain elevators, packers and shippers of fruits 
and vegetables and sea foods, as well as other country buyers of farm 
products. 

For a more detailed discussion of the types of operation, see 
Volumes I or II. 



KINDS OF BUSINESS 



In addition to being classified according to functional type, 
each establishment is also classified by kind of business (drugs, 
groceries, hardware, etc.) according to the principal lines of mer- 
chandise dealt in or the usual trade designation. All wholesale 
establishments are divided into 29 major kind-of-business groups. 
These 29 groups are comprised of 142 detailed classifications accord- 
ing to the degree of merchandise specialization. A complete list of 
kinds of business together with an explanation of the method of clas- 
sification is given in Volumes I and II. 



Vol. V - Page 26 



TABLE 1 



This table presents in summary for the United States the 
data on number of establishments, net sales, operating expen- 
ses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for 6 types of operation, 
each by 29 kind-of-business groups. It is included here for 
convenience in studying employment and pay roll as related to 
sales, expenses, stocks, etc. 



















Vol. V 


Page 27 


CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 




Pay Roll' 




Stocks on 
hand, end 
of year 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
eetab- 
lish- 


Net 
sales 


expenses 
(includmg 
pay rolll 


tors and 
firm 


( full-time 
and part- 
time ). Avg. 


I 


add 000 j 












ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


lor year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 




175,756 


142,802,913 


^,153,480 


97,225 


1,260,553 


^,022,252 


11,975,337 "^5,925 


S, 106, 509 


FDIX-SIRVIC3 AND LIMITEIl-rDNCTIOS 


















= 


moLssxLms 


88,931 


17,661,691 


2,228,347 


61,586 


759,556 


1,163,275 


1,139,130 


23,145 


2,067,649 


iANUFACTUREES- SALiS BRANCHES 




















(With stocks) 


11,634 


7,445,014 


881,155 


299 


211,280 


402,706 


398,738 


3,958 


596,558 


UMTOTACTDRJSS- SAI^ OFFICES 




















(Without stocks) 


4,196 


3,620,074 


239,889 


149 


42,895 


106,093 


105,255 


827 


— 


BDLK TANK STATIONS (PEIKOLEWJ) 


27,333 


2,704,047 


391,095 


3,545 


1/ 


1/ 


i/ 


1/ 


157,587 


AGENTS AND BR0KH3S 


18,147 


8,908,076 


256,749 


14,950 


58,285 


129,856 


125,415 


4,451 


89,565 




26,515 


2.463,011 


156,245 


16,695 


87.378 


74,401 


62,827 


11,574 


195,150 


BY KINDS OF BDSmESS: 




















?DIX-SEH7ICE AND LIMITED-FDNCTION 




















WHOLISALJES 
Aimisament and sporting goods 


88.931 


17,661,691 


2,228,347 


61,585 


759.555 


1,162,275 


1,139,130 


23,145 


2,057,649 


1,068 




21,308 


641 


7.076 


12,092 


11.811 


281 


14,223 


- Automotive 


5,672 


780,424 


131,401 


3,363 


49,514 


75,276 


74,539 


737 


107,830 


Beer, wines and liquors 


5,496 


698,511 


91,814 


4,298 


31,380 


43,682 


42,485 


1,197 


55,043 


Chemicals and paints 


1,426 


275,301 


45,008 


627 


10,741 


20,530 


20,191 


339 


32,559 


Clothing and furnishings 


3,960 


648,881 


88,577 


3,177 


25,383 


46,350 


45,761 


589 


73,495 


Coal and coke 


773 


368.695 


34,955 


292 


8.847 


16,454 


15,861 


603 


25,052 


Dni«s (full line) 


295 


324,113 


41,274 


36 


15,077 


22,465 


22,399 


66 


55,348 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


1,268 


123,469 


25,760 


774 


8.010 


12,420 


12,212 


208 


13,206 


Dry goods (full line) 


306 


255.724 


38,426 


164 


14,272 


22,030 


21,944 


86 


46,295 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


3,301 


719,676 


82,228 


2,477 


22.652 


43,398 


42,919 


479 


118,548 


Electrical goods 


2,438 


576.542 


99,460 


1,051 


30,088 


52,495 


51,924 


571 


75,424 


Farm products - raw materials 


2,199 


1,552,487 


105,198 


1,557 


21,693 


34,200 


31,953 


2,247 


235,379 


Farm products - consumer goods 


11,188 


1,941,059 


213,552 


10,128 


77.316 


107,165 


104.118 


3,047 


47,140 


Farm supplies 


1,433 


281,731 


35.100 


892 


12.739 


15,555 


15,840 


726 


33,213 


Furniture and house furnlBhings 


1,959 


243,457 


43.345 


1,335 


13.978 


23,106 


22.737 


369 


50,742 


General merchandise 


209 


361,647 


28,076 


122 


9.265 


13,942 


13,782 


160 


34,052 


Groceries (full line) 


3,833 


1,953,762 


173,757 


1,443 


57.553 


98,077 


97,352 


725 


242,071 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


12,156 


1.682,951 


209,791 


10,434 


79,646 


108,429 


105,838 


2,591 


132,811 


^Hardware 


1,129 


428,249 


77.981 


454 


30,741 


45,178 


45,851 


327 


105,980 


Jewelry and optical goods 


1,801 


180,585 


35.481 


1,300 


11,105 


19,185 


18,973 


212 


47,213 


Lumber and construction materials 


2,817 


491,857 


82.051 


1,251 


27,245 


42,813 


40,839 


1,974 


63,652 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


7,198 


835.647 


171,511 


3,705 


57,140 


95,410 


93,525 


1,785 


157,474 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


810 


281.996 


37,315 


307 


10,623 


19,324 


19,026 


298 


39,939 


Paper and its products 


2,549 


408,935 


74,843 


1,417 


25,605 


44.459 


43.957 


502 


57,933 


Petroleum and its products 


674 


132.399 


17,137 


389 


4,437 


8,089 


7,977 


112 


6,485 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


1,743 


243.173 


48,202 


636 


15,919 


26,851 


26,396 


455 


50,812 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


2,253 


783.368 


42,853 


1,859 


14,687 


21,547 


21,315 


232 


40,902 


Waste materials 


4,793 


399,664 


58,093 


4,405 


29,461 


30,482 


29,230 


1,252 


34,117 


All other 


4,184 


550,233 


72,850 


3,052 


26,352 


39,250 


38,275 


975 


68,711 


lANUFACTTOERS' SALES BRAKCHES 




















(Wim STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


11,634 


7,446,014 


881,155 


299 


211,280 


402,706 


398,738 


3,958 


596,558 


241 


102,090 


19.228 


— 


5,456 




9,282 


22 


11,836 


Automotive 


896 


1,261,865 


90,159 


6 


23, 5U 


45,242 


44,867 


375 


68,563 


Beer, wines and liquors 


377 


265,812 


37,390 


5 




11,533 


11,468 


65 


19,759 


Chemicals and paints 


561 


427,535 


64,137 


12 


10 i 945 


25,427 


25,179 


248 


36,117 


Clothing and furnishings 


345 


282,163 


34,296 


82 


8,205 


18,195 


18,092 


103 


38,915 


Coal and coke 


10 


8,331 


1,470 


— 


359 


694 


692 


2 


261 


Drugs and drug sundries 


270 


128,458 


33,997 


11 


7,050 


13,566 


13,644 


22 


11,924 


Dry goods 


208 


180,322 


19,532 


28 


4,590 


10,207 


10,163 


44 


36,700 


Electrical goods 


428 


349,819 


31,685 


6 


7,832 


17,676 


17,554 


122 


21,800 


Farm products - consumer goods 


327 


71,570 


17,555 


5 


4,313 


7.129 


7,056 


73 


2,527 


Farm supplies 


74 


31,785 


4,831 


2 


917 


1,830 


1,815 


15 


2,679 


Furniture and house furnishings 


250 


78,959 


10,888 


17 


2,473 


4,980 


4,921 


59 


8,739 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


3,102 


2,252,166 


202,190 


32 


51,576 


87,265 


85,224 


1,041 


82,245 


Hardware 


62 


18,327 


2,770 


1 


714 


1.453 


1,443 


10 


3,954 


Jewelry and optical goods 


249 


91,458 


10,921 


10 


3,102 


5.366 


5,357 


9 


11,405 


Lumber and construction materials 


261 


112,792 


18,584 


8 


5,510 


10,253 


9,816 


437 


13,485 


Machinery, equlnnent and supplies 


2,642 


693,362 


145,642 


28 


43,085 


83,199 


82 , 282 


917 


112,269 


Metals and metal work (except scrap) 


271 


243,350 


23,986 


5 


7,041 


12,685 


12,615 


70 


42,027 


(continued) 





















$124,872,000. 



Vol. V Pa^e 28 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DiSTKIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 'Conti 


nued , 










TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, 


PERSONNEL, PAY 


ROLL AND STOCKS 






BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employes 




Pay Roll* 




Stocks on 


Type of Operation 


of 


Net 




propne 


1 full-time 




add 000) 




hand, end 


Kind of Business 


Mt»b- 


sales 


( including 


tori and 


and part- 


















lish. 




pay roll i 




time). Avg. 














(add 000) 


(add 000) 


nennber! 


for year 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


MANUTACTIIREKS' SALES BRANCHES 




















(WIffi STOCKS) (continued) 




















Paper and its products 


206 


$150,420 


$18,490 


5 


4,433 


»9,168 


$9,148 


$20 


$14,354 


Petroleum and Its products 


56 


18,175 


3,801 


— 


814 


1,910 


1,904 


6 


1.981 


Plunblng and heating ocjpt. and spls. 


367 


102,251 


21,310 


8 


6,313 


9,701 


9,461 


240 


17.885 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


65 


407,526 


50,103 




3,380 


7,007 


7,007 


— 


12,251 


All other 


366 


167,468 


16,090 


19 


4,177 


8,916 


8,846 


68 


24,872 


J,'AKU1-ACTI.«ERS' S>JJ!S OFFICES 




















(WITHOUT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting goods 


4,196 


3,620,074 


239,889 


149 


42,895 


106,093 


105,266 


827 


— 


140 


119,173 


19,255 




5,552 


10,311 


10,309 


r 


— 


Autoraotive 


36 


53,549 


3,575 


— 


668 


1,687 


1,666 


1 


— 


Beer, wines and liquors 


37 


81,280 


9,248 


— 


928 


2,470 


2,470 


— 


— 


Ctamicals and paints 


209 


190,157 


16,822 




2,484 


7,164 


7,127 


37 


— 


Clothing and furnishings 


208 


101,042 


7,572 


52 


1,286 


3,623 


3,764 


39 


— 


Coal and coke 


6 


11,526 


348 


— 


48 


135 


136 


— 


— 


Drugs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


31 


9,940 


2,135 




518 


1,024 


1,014 


10 


— 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


133 


225,476 


8,182 




1,685 


4,491 


4,472 


19 


— 


Electrical goods 


263 


137,180 


8,367 




1,655 


4,377 


4,265 


92 


— 


Farm products - consumer goods 


5 


3,350 


696 


— 


57 


109 


109 


— 


— 


Farm supplies 


33 


17,043 


2,293 




343 


573 


551 


22 




Furniture and house furnishings 


114 


56,079 


4,547 


17 


596 


1,643 


1,635 


8 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


206 


253,777 


34,223 




3,243 


7,010 


7,004 


6 


— 


Hardware 


31 


10,072 


926 




216 


541 


540 


1 


— 


Jewelry and optical goods 


41 


6,515 


644 




146 


402 


400 


2 


— 


Lumber and construction materials 


277 


169,299 


18,868 




4,421 


9,994 


9,932 


52 


— 


Machinery, equipuBnt and supplies 


1,146 


492,453 


31,111 


19 


6,714 


17,847 


17,616 


231 


— 


UetalE and metal work (except scrap) 


476 


1,021,883 


29,371 




5,502 


15,703 


15,625 


78 


— 


Paper and its products 


181 


136,843 


7,988 




1,069 


3,282 


3,195 


87 




Petroleum and its products 


25 


46,880 


7,017 




955 


2,350 


2,350 




— 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and spls. 


178 


22,954 


3,130 




666 


1,497 


1,441 


56 


— 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


128 


316,336 


7,993 




1,356 


2.781 


2,781 


— 


— 


All other 


292 


137,267 


13,568 




2,765 


6,776 


5,704 


74 


— 


BULK TANK STATIONS 










y 










Petroleum and its products 

AGENTS AND BROKERS 

Amusement and sporting goods 


27,333 


2,704,047 


391,095 


3,546 


i/ 


y 


1/ 


157,687 


18,147 


8,908,076 


256,749 


14,950 


66,285 


129,666 


125,415 


4.451 


89.565 


245 


23,931 


3,277 


216 


807 


1,542 


i.slil 


28 


333 


Automotive 


448 


58,681 


4,038 


397 


995 


1,691 


1,547 


44 


2.423 


Beer, wines and li<iuors 


73 


21,473 


916 


49 


230 


482 


477 


5 


334 


Chemicals and paints 


420 


98,427 


9,857 


290 


1,083 


2,540 


2,460 


80 


1,557 


Clothing and furnishings 


1,203 


417,123 


13,033 


1,133 


3,734 


7,807 


7,722 


85 


786 


Coal and coke 


440 


427,346 


25,300 


82 


3,874 


10,087 


9,911 


176 


12,443 


Dru^rs and drug sundries 




















(specialty lines) 


140 


26,894 


1,854 


123 


643 


1,078 


1,071 


7 


194 


Dry goods (full lino) 


14 


23,061 


289 


11 


78 


174 


173 


1 


5 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


938 


1,015,100 


28,403 


814 


5,851 


15,817 


15,723 


94 


12,528 


Electrical goods 


638 


45,863 


3,367 


534 


1,221 


1,832 


1,775 


57 


1,752 


Farm products - raw meterlals 


3,010 


2,710,088 


44,692 


2,976 


15,987 


22,004 


20,147 


1,857 


20,151 


Farm products - consumer goods 


1,484 


766,282 


28,907 


1,182 


8,123 


14 , 989 


14,420 


569 


5,109 


Farm supplies 


287 


87,342 


2,218 


249 


529 


975 


948 


27 


342 


Furniture and house furnishings 


428 


75,283 




362 


1,181 


2,352 


2,278 


74 


1,485 


General merchandise 


69 


66,475 


2)430 


57 


558 


1,477 


1,450 


27 


245 


Groceries (full line) 


21 


11,565 


252 


17 


79 


135 


135 




120 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


2,219 


1,796,819 


26,516 


1,743 


7,044 


14,502 


14,406 


194 


11,233 


Hardware 


288 


32,508 


2,099 


254 


648 


1,103 


1,061 


42 


426 


Jewelry and optical goods 


124 


5,682 


429 


119 


117 


216 


213 


3 


298 


Lumber and construction materials 


794 


139,147 


8,632 


553 




4.315 


4,103 


212 


1,062 


Machinery, equipcent and supplies 


2,496 


210,757 


20,400 


1,922 


5)529 


11,262 


10,795 


467 


5,237 


lletals and metal work (except scrap) 


377 


173,229 


5,178 


282 


1,066 


2,844 


2,731 


113 


1,334 


Paper and its products 


250 


38,989 


2,014 


233 


542 


1,064 


1,055 


29 


152 


Petroleum and its products 


109 


72,733 


1,729 


63 


327 


857 


841 


26 


144 


Plumbing and heating aqjt. and spls. 


427 


25,790 


2,680 


313 


888 


1,452 


1,409 


53 


536 


Tobecoo and its products (except leaf) 


9 


1,529 


49 


10 


12 


26 


26 




1 


Waste materials 


112 


40,369 


1,930 


59 


310 


901 


891 


10 


558 


All other 


1,094 


484,590 


12,224 


907 


3,499 


6,202 


5,031 


171 


6,655 


ASSEMBLERS 

Farm products - raw materials 


26,515 


2,463,011 


166,245 


16,695 


87,378 


74,401 


52,827 


11,574 


195,150 


14,293 


1,493,387 


56 [330 


7,802 


30,065 


28,507 


25,848 


2)559 


175)717 


Farm products - consumer goods 


10,814 


865,968 


87,730 


7,694 


48,553 


39,999 


32,444 


7,555 


13,055 


Farm supplies 


511 


29,250 


2,422 


376 


1,322 


1,170 


1,019 


151 


1,574 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


592 


69,541 


8,946 


524 


6,869 


4,270 


3,103 


1,157 


4,373 


All other 


305 


4,865 


827 


299 


549 


455 


413 


42 


4a 



Vol. V - Page 29 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

VOLUME V 

SECTION TWO 

TABLE 2.- -MONTHLY EMPLOYMENT 



The number of employees by months and the average for the year are 
given in Table 2 by kinds of business. The number of proprietors and 
firm members is also shown in order to provide a more complete picture 
of the personnel of wholesale establishments. The information is pre- 
sented in summary for the United States, for 6 types of operation, each 
by 29 kind-of-business groups. For States and for 13 cities having more 
than 500,000 population, the data are shown by 29 kind-of-business groups, 
all types of operation combined. The statistics contained in this table 
provide a measure of the seasonal variation in employment in wholesale 
establishments for the year 1935. 

The number of employees by months represents the paid personnel 
of wholesale establishments working during the pay period ending nearest 
the 15th of each month. It includes executives and salaried corporation 
officers and salesmen on a commission basis, but it excludes proprietors 
and firm members of unincorporated businesses. In presenting the inform- 
ation, the United States Summary is given first, followed by the States 
arranged by geographic divisions. After the States, the 13 largest cities 
appear in alphabetical order. 

The different areas appear as follows: 

Page Page 

United States Summary 31 Middle Atlantic 

New Jersey 42 

Geographic Divisions: New York 43 

Pennsylvania 44 

New England 

Connecticut 36 East North Central 

Maine 37 Illinois 45 

Massachusetts 38 Indiana 46 

New Hampshire 39 Michigan 47 

Rhode Island 40 Ohio 48 

Vermont 41 Wisconsin 49 

(Continued on next page) 



Vol. V - P«ge 30 



Page 



Page 



West North Central 

Iowa 50 

Kansas 51 

Minnesota 52 

Missouri 53 

Nebraska 54 

North Dakota 55 

South Dakota 56 

South Atlantic 

Delaware 57 

District of Columbia 58 

Florida 59 

Georgia 60 

Maryland 61 

North Carolina 62 

South Carolina 63 

Virginia 64 

West Virginia 65 

East South Central 

Alabama 66 

Kentucky 67 

Mississippi 68 

Tennessee 69 



West South Central 

Arkansas 70 

Louisiana 71 

Oklahoma 72 

Texas 73 

Mountain 

Arizona 74 

Colorado 75 

Idaho 76 

Montana 77 

Nevada 78 

New Mexico 79 

Utah 80 

Wyoming 81 



Pacific 

California 82 

Oregon 83 

Washington 84 



Page 



Cities: 

Baltimore 85 

Boston 86 

Buffalo 87 

Chicago 88 

Cleveland 89 

Detroit 90 

Los Angeles 91 

Milwaukee 92 

New York City 93 

Philadelphia 94 

Pittsburgh 95 

St. Louis 96 

San Francisco 97 



Vol.V- Page 31 



-I 



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Vol. V - 


Page 32 














> 
< 

i 

Q 

n 
z 

i 

z 

il 

si 


1 

X 

i 

OQ 


1 
X 

O 

I 
H 

i 

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gssssegig 


11,033 
19,807 
5,236 
21.390 

6.110 
17,809 
13,598 
47,045 


3,035 
10,566 
3,886 
4,204 

653 
1,462 
5,618 

895 


1"" 


^««a.g2^oa. 


^1 


1,923 

8,464 
20,621 
19,717 
20,144 
22,009 

6,141 
21,125 

9,059 


11,295 
14,026 
5,270 
19,787 

6,195 
17,822 
13,696 
46,762 


2,679 
10,579 
4,154 
4,166 

662 
1,468 
5,568 

907 


2^S 


1 


igSlsSils 


11,165 
13,849 
5,244 
19,785 

6,137 
17,874 
13,503 
46,356 


2,656 
10,541 
4,417 
4,284 

659 
1,465 
5,700 

940 


3«s 


-^ " S 8 8 S3 "° 8 "" 


H 


Ss^SHI^g 


10,788 
14,242 
5,143 
19,342 

6,174 
17,434 
13,027 
42,390 


2,503 
10,545 
3,767 
4,257 

664 
1,455 
5,646 

946 


S2S 


-3SSS3-3- 


1 

< 


1,955 

8,304 
13,878 
18,210 
18,771 
18,862 

7,276 
19,660 

8,940 


10,536 
13,955 
5,085 
18,955 

6,071 
17,216 
12,876 
41,724 


2.481 
10.298 
3.071 
4,195 

670 
1,458 
5,673 

877 




f 


ssllgssss 


10,406 
13,067 
4,992 
19,149 

6,132 
17,172 
12,905 
41,197 


2.582 
10,145 
2,791 
4,115 

668 
1,454 
5,649 

880 




'^'"2^32'"^'" 


J 


SHesssIs 


10,420 
13,692 
5,347 
18,993 

6,105 
17,243 
12,629 
42,786 


2,524 

9,876 
2,626 
4,038 

662 
1,439 
5,479 

867 




-»2'S-S2-"S'" 


1 


SSg^SSSKg 


10,420 
13,961 
5,208 
19,344 

6,005 
17,448 
12,299 
43,391 


2,561 

2^911 
3,957 

646 
1,420 
5,397 

860 


S3f3 


.„..„„..« 


1 


g^is^i^^l 


10,405 
14,313 
4,995 
20,222 

5,904 
17,198 
12,349 
43,754 


2,877 
9,750 
3,079 
3,877 

631 
1,411 
5,349 

847 


§S8 


-«8S22-S" 


-g 
i 

2 


1,841 

8,123 
21,796 
18,170 
18,992 
13,988 

5,582 
17,986 

8,548 


10,511 
16,098 
4,814 
20,510 

5,802 
17,142 
12,307 


2,786 
9,679 
3,231 
3,810 
619 
1,398 
5,254 




1 


S§§i^l5?g 


10,583 
20,568 
4,768 
20,742 

5,749 
17,019 
12,270 
44,431 


2,556 
9,667 
3,232 
3,779 
622 
1,383 
5,213 


§38 


-"sss:;"2'° 


1 


81SS22P§2 


10,538 
21,607 
4,808 
20,929 

12^249 
44,376 


2,800 
9,758 
3,303 
3,796 

631 
1,388 
5,154 

825 


is2 

S3S 


^ M S S rH 3 


Employees 
(full-time 
and part, 
time). 
Average 
for year 


1,899 

8,274 
18,573 
18,444 
19,164 
15,980 

6,128 
18,846 

8,835 


10,675 
15,765 
5,076 
19,929 

6,006 
17,372 
12,809 
44,050 


2,670 
10,102 
3,372 
4,040 

649 
1.433 
5.475 

874 




Active 

pro. 
prietor. 

■nd 

firm 
member. 


148 

327 
1,005 
1,371 
1,744 
1,460 

809 
1,065 

617 


920 
1,240 

633 
1,536 

747 

938 

1,792 

4,141 


g§ii«3sS 


00 rH 


1 

1 


SOOTH ATUHTIC 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Maryland 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Virginia 

West Virginia 


EAST SOUTH CENTOAL 

Alabama 
Kentucky 
Mississippi 
Tennessee 

WEST SOUra CIMTRAL 

Arkansas 
Louisiana 
Oklahoma 
Texas 


Arliona 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Wyoming 


PACIFIC 

California 

Oregon 

Washington 



Vol. V - Page 33 



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Vol. V - Page 35 



Vol. V - Page 36 
























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Vol 


V - Page 37 






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Vol. V - 


Page 38 


















(jJ 

X 
u 
< 

O 
1 

i| 

ii 

(J ? 


O 
2 

OQ 

o 


1 

i 

J 

o 

OS 

c2 
o 
I 
1 

O 

1 

z 


4 


S 
s 


678 
3,181 
1,916 
1,383 
1,716 


iS~3s 


2,078 
1,433 
4,113 
277 
1,035 


44 
2,588 

8,159 
484 
539 


1,439 
5,293 
1,100 
2,082 
3,748 


1,236 

719 

1,881 

2,793 


^1 


sf 


650 
3,170 
1.968 
1,391 
1,712 


islHi 


2,074 
1,512 
4,145 
278 
1,030 


45 

2,375 

8,195 

485 

537 


1,444 
5,300 
1,098 
2,013 
3,711 


1,279 

726 

1,896 

2,784 


1 


i 


665 
3,207 
2,003 
1,395 
1,729 


m^% 


2,069 
1,558 
4,276 
283 
1,031 


43 

2,380 

8,258 

487 

536 


1,443 
5.305 
1,090 
1,999 
3,723 


1,310 

724 

1,904 

2,756 


i| 




651 
3,178 
1,977 
1,396 
1,712 


ie^a§ 


2,083 
1,534 
4,223 
277 
1,021 


46 

2,351 

8,075 

477 

534 


1,433 
5,257 
1,095 
1,983 
3,558 


1,239 

711 

1,863 

2,776 


1 


! 


651 
3,222 
1,992 
1,395 
1,692 


^sl3i 


2,093 
1,525 
4,301 
281 
1,021 


40 

2,358 

8,176 

473 

529 


1,423 
5,249 
1,099 
1,957 
3,674 


1,190 

708 

1,867 

2,769 


i 


i 


652 
3,194 
2,007 
1,385 
1,680 


iiiai 


2,069 
1,531 
4,402 
280 
1,005 


45 

2,350 

8,077 

476 

533 


1,435 
5,281 
1,092 
1,953 
3,706 


1,188 

713 

1,856 

2,755 




1 


642 
3,177 
1,977 
1,378 
1,690 


~ei3s 


2,055 
1,500 
4,322 
278 
1,017 


40 

2,335 

8,074 

475 

528 


1,415 
5,267 
1,096 
1,958 
3,696 


1,188 

705 

1,868 

2,727 


S 


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635 
3,198 
1,909 
1,375 
1,698 


Esiai 


2,052 
1,425 
4,261 
275 
1,014 


37 

2,342 

8,056 

472 

526 


1,400 
5,241 
1,076 
1,892 
3,724 


1,192 

715 

1,857 

2,717 


1 


5 

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628 
3,147 
1,882 
1,374 
1,693 


isiSi 


2,042 
1,378 
4,099 
273 
1,008 


38 

2,350 

7,953 

455 

523 


1,388 
5,214 
1,085 
1,889 
3,772 


1,198 

701 

1,873 

2,699 


1 

S 


in 


624 
3,127 
1,849 
1,365 
1,676 


iieai 


2,040 

1,344 

4,016 

271 

994 


34 

2,354 

8,001 

454 

523 


1,386 
5,188 
1,060 
1,883 
3,861 


1,197 

691 

1,853 

2,698 


1 


1 


621 
3,088 
1,845 
1,353 
1,667 


i%i^i 


2,025 
1,292 
3,975 
270 
1,006 


34 

2,355 

7,898 

464 

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1,377 
5,112 
1,057 
1,897 
4,013 


1,159 

688 

1,828 

2,668 


J 


rH 
rH 


619 
3,102 
1,841 
1,357 
1,651 


t%i^% 


2,016 
1,325 
3,979 
273 
1,015 


40 

2,562 

7,848 

456 

520 


1,385 
5,114 
1,053 
1,921 
4,021 


1,164 

688 

1,805 

2,695 


ii: 


lili 


i 
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643 
3,156 
1,931 
1,379 
1,693 


iisai 


2,058 
1,446 
4,175 
276 
1,016 


40 

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8,065 

474 

529 


1,414 
5,235 
1,083 
1,954 
3,776 


1,212 

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1,863 

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! 


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nr^ 


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1 
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TOTAL 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Automotive 

Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Chemicals and Paints 

Clothing and Furnishings 


Coal and Coke 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry Goods (full line) 

Dry Goods (specialty lines) 


Electrical Goods 

Farm Products ■ raw materials 

Farm Products - consumer goods 

Farm Supplies 

Furniture and House Fur nishi ngs 


General Merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Machine-ry, Equipment and Supplies 
Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
Paper and its Products 
Petroleum and its Products 


Plumbing and Heating Eqpt and Spls. 
Tobacco and its Products (except leaf) 
Waste Materials 
All Other Products 





















Vol. 


V - Page 39 










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1 !N 0» •^ rH 


SS8 ! SS 


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1 


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Z 




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N 


















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Employees 
( tull-time 
and part. 

time). 
Average 
(or year 


•* 


|gg?"5! 


£0 rH CO rH 1 


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, 


Active 

propri. 

etors 

and firm 

members 


H 


1 <0 •* M IM 


1 1 rH 1 1 


^ a> g ^ , 


^ ^ a. ,.. rH 


;n ^ , to to 


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2 


























































































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01 


















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c 


z 




■3! 


1 


S. _ 


^ s € 


^ 


" "■ Q. 


" S 


1 






O ^ 


— ^ 


s - = 


3 c/1 


s ^ S r 


Q.~ 


i 


il 

on £ 

3 5 




eg 

c 


TOTAL 

d Sporti ng 

nd Liquois 
Paints 
Furnishing 


me) 

g Sundries 
II line) 
ecialty h n 


il i 


andise 
II line) 
Foods (spe 

ptical Gooc 


nst ruction 
uipment an 
tal Work (c 
Products 
its Produc 


Heating Eq 
:s Products 
Is 
Jucts 


J 


il 




jsemenl an 
omot i ve 
r, Wines a 
micals and 
thing and 


1 and Coke 
igs (full 1 
gs and Dru 
Goods (fu 
Goods (sp 


ctrical Goc 
m Products 
m Products 
m Supplies 


eral Merch 
ceries (fu 

dware 
eIry and 


ber and Co 
hinery, Eq 
als and Me 
er and its 
roleum and 


nbi ng and 
acco and il 
te Materia 
Other Proi 


j 
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Vol. V - Page 47 






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Vol. V 


- Page 48 


















2 

O 

bj 

H 

i 

z 
o 

Z H 

go 

S| 


1 

QQ 

1 

Cu 

1 

3 
1 


1 
1 

O 
1 

1 
1 

o 

1 

o 

1 

z 


°1 


1 

s 


Biiis 


1,375 
833 
550 
442 
256 


3,462 

3,308 

6,080 

853 

712 


241 
3,595 
7,212 
1,991 

888 


3,041 
7,721 
1,970 
2,235 
4,773 


1,367 
1,151 
3,001 
2,035 




i| 


en 
to 


i^iii 


1,372 
831 
540 
439 
259 


3,409 

3,193 

6,136 

862 

712 


230 
3,597 
7,331 
1,996 

842 


3,103 
7,865 
2,000 

2,ao 

4,830 


1,357 
1,145 
3,017 
2,031 


,-1 ID H rH rH 


1 




SHii 


1,369 
833 
536 
439 
258 


3,433 

3,163 

6,270 

892 

717 


231 
3,624 
7,391 
2,006 

848 


3,148 
7,910 
2,006 
2,189 
4,863 


1,368 
1,145 
3,072 
2,042 




i| 




gissi 


1,389 
829 
558 
436 
256 


3,396 

3,U2 

6,326 

915 

707 


234 

3,594 

7,350 

2,002 

826 


3,102 
7,874 
1,943 
2,199 
4,866 


1,318 
1,141 
3,022 
2,033 




1 

< 


!" 


mil 


1,445 
828 
542 
440 
254 


3,424 

3,161 

6,665 

874 

695 


230 
3,564 
7,226 
1,998 

803 


3,058 
7,821 
1,913 
2,187 
4.871 


1,301 
1,136 
2,969 
2,043 


^ 
A 


3 


§Biis 


1,394 
827 
537 
437 
261 


3,413 

3,107 

6,315 

860 

696 


230 
3,571 
7,195 
1,986 

805 


3,039 
7,710 
1,883 
2,194 
4.850 


1,278 
1,138 
2,884 
2,057 


rH « rH rH rH 


s 

^ 


1 


iissB 


1,416 
823 
545 
432 
253 


3,421 

3,027 

6,244 

850 

703 


224 

3,548 

7,123 

1,974 

798 


3,049 
7,682 
1,875 
2,178 
4,827 


1,257 
1,127 
2,846 
2,039 


rHlDHrHrH 


1 


1 


iiSis 


1,409 
820 
548 
433 
255 


3,489 

3,038 

6,042 

856 

709 


217 
3,526 
7,130 
1,968 

794 


2,997 
7,629 
1,872 
2,163 
4,919 


1,252 
1,124 
2,828 
2,021 




1 


s 


sl^^S 


1,440 
815 
552 
432 
250 


3,414 

3,043 

5,945 

868 

705 


214 

3,519 

7,154 

1,969 

797 


2,931 
7,544 
1,842 
2,166 
4,860 


1,234 
1,123 
2,834 
1,986 




1 




IsSiE 


1,459 
810 
553 
434 
249 


3,342 

3,008 

5,692 

883 

699 


209 
3,528 
7,044 
1,953 

798 


2,847 
7,469 
1,824 
2,171 
4,832 


1,212 
1,109 
2,841 
1,950 


rH m rH rH rH 


1 


8 

til 

tcT 


ssi^s 


1,465 
820 
553 
432 
248 


3,273 

3,091 

5,594 

832 

694 


212 
3,545 
7,087 
1,944 

798 


2,821 
7,338 
1,813 
2,162 
4,846 


1,209 
1,107 
2,821 
1,934 




1 


2 


1^38^ 


1,465 
819 
550 
437 
249 


3,228 

3,085 

5,603 

811 

681 


213 
3,557 
7,019 
1,937 

797 


2,780 
7,195 
1,787 
2,203 
4,784 


1,212 
1,107 
2,802 
1,925 


rH ID rH rH rH 


111 
pi 


ill 




nasi 


1,417 
824 
547 
436 
254 


3,392 

3,111 

6,076 

863 

702 


224 
3,564 
7,189 
1,977 

816 


2,993 
7,647 
1,894 
2,188 
4,843 


1,280 
1,129 
2,911 
2,008 




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< 5. 


HI 


in 


si^g^ 


S ISSg 


S S gg S 


■^igsssi; 


S|SS^ 


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•o 


TOTAL 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Automotive 

Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Chemicals and Pai nts 

Clothing and Furnishings 


Coal and Coke 

Drugs (ful 1 line) 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry Goods (full line) 

Dry Goods (specialty 1 1 nes) 


Electrical Goods 

Farm Products • raw materials 

Farm Products ■ consumer goods 

Farm SuppI ies 

Furniture and House Furnishings 


General Merchandise 

Groceries (full 1 ine) 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
Paper and its Products 
Petroleum and its Products 


Plumbing and Heating Eqpt and Spls. 
Tobacco and its Products (except leaf) 
Waste Materials 
All Other Products 





















Vol 


V - Page 49 








4 


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to <n CO in c-_ 


in to in 'I' 


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to 


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rH rH «) 1 rH 


to CM t7> c~ in 


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SS.SS^ 


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to CJ. CO in to 


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cn c^ to 1 CM 


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to to -O ^ 




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in rH CM to in 


o> en ;* 




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Vol. V 


Page 50 
























i| 




200 
1,762 
488 
313 
134 


|SS8- 


392 

2,816 

3,560 

534 

202 


1,698 

1,236 

298 

153 


394 

1.205 

138 

279 

2,644 


CM •* to 00 
CM 00 CM rH 
to rH tf CM 


^1 


i 


195 
740 
492 
315 
134 


-i~r 


Hi^n 


1 S S S S 


%Un 


§^§1 






1 


z 1 


8 


- 




CM to 


rH rH 


rH CM 




1 


i 


237 
1,711 
507 
322 
190 


dl~s'° 


398 

2,875 

3,698 

717 

201 


1,774 

1,258 

291 

153 


419 

1,334 

168 

378 

2,661 


en •* t- tf 


ii 
=^ i 


sf 


232 
1,584 
520 
319 
189 


ss-s 


392 

2,769 

3,608 

472 

203 


1,758 

1,242 

288 

153 


418 

1,228 
166 
277 

2,578 


sssi 






o 


" 
















• 

1 


s 


227 
672 
540 
320 
133 


E|S8"° 


Cl to in in CO 

s ;^ s g ?M 


1 S 8 S S? 


5i§Ei 


8si^ 






^ 


M 






CM CO 


rH*rH* 








So 


(- 

z 

=3 
cc 

i 




















8 
8 


224 
1,670 
535 
319 
177 


H^r 


394 

2,705 

3,643 

560 

201 


1,703 

1,343 

383 

150 


420 

1,230 

159 

277 

2,685 


SS33 


1 


1 


215 
1,651 
535 
315 
170 


^ss^- 


384 

3,627 

3,578 

532 

199 


1,544 

1,336 

284 

144 


417 

1,205 

157 

277 

2,677 


8Sli 




ca 






















O 


o 

1 

J" 


^ 


Sf 


IH^S 


!^l~s" 


l§ils 


1 <X) g g ^ 


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Q 


s 


3 


-* 




CO to 


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CM 






Z 

>- 

CO 




















< 


E 

5 


1 


rH 


205 
1,647 
477 
316 
175 


SSS8" 


379 

2,588 

3,313 

515 

199 


1,584 

1,195 

285 

146 


384 

1,182 

151 

276 

2,654 


ilH 


o 

O 


UJ 

> 


z 


















1 


CO 


303 
1,623 
470 
311 
174 


"i"s" 


374 

2,504 

2,946 

516 

200 


1,570 

1,182 

281 

145 


382 

1,174 

142 

276 

2.644 


tf C^ tf tf 
M 5 O M 
























UJ 

f- 
< 


S 




2 


s 


196 
,596 
458 
307 
158 


S|g|°° 


to to o. tf rH 


issss 


^^Hs 


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^ 






;« 


2 


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rHrH 


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i 


g 


191 
1,589 
455 
303 
164 


^s^r 


368 

2,512 

3,007 

488 

198 


1,571 

1,178 

282 

145 


375 

1,132 

108 

274 

3,637 


i^is 




o 




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UJ 




















IJI 


'iP 




311 
1,667 
497 
315 
178 


"i"s" 


385 

2,596 

3,403 

552 

200 


-- 

1,660 

1,220 

286 

148 


403 

1,197 

149 

277 

2,561 


CO rH tf Cl 




tJ~ " 


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to I rH 1 to 


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i 




















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in 


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11 

o < 






03 


TOTAL 

sement and Spor ti ng 

omotive 

r , Wi nes and Liquors 

thi ng and Furmshi ng 


1 and Coke 

gs (full line) 

gs and Drug Sundries 
Goods (full line) 
Goods (special ty 1 ii 


ctrical Goods 

m Products - raw mat 

m Products ■ consume 

m SuppI ies 

niture and House Fur 


eral Merchandise 

caries (full h ne) 

caries and Foods (spe 

dware 

eIry and Optical Gooc 


ber and Construction 
hinery, Equipment an 
als and Metal Work ( 
er and its Products 

oleum and its Produc 


mbing and Heati ng Eq 
acco and i ts Products 
te (Vlaterlals 
Other Products 












































...oo 


OQ O Q O 




-J o o r= ^ 




= °*- 1 





















Vol. 


V Page 51 










o 


r-l rH IV <0 CO 


C- CM W rH CO 


^|SSS 


in S K S S 


^K!§§^ 


CM CO ■* C- 








11 


n 


n w to 




CM in S IN 








-i 


IN 


CD cvl 


■H 






CM 03 -i 


CM rH CM 














cm"^" 


^-^- 






^ 


IN 


,H C- Cy IN tf5 


IN CM CM rH <0 


r). ^ IN CD to 


•* in c- o iN 


IN en to ai rH 


to IN CM IN 

to in CD IN 












m to ID 




rH in in IN in 


rH CO IN IN IN 


IN ^ ■* Oi U3 








o -° 






rH 


CM 0_ IN rH 














z 1 


cJ" 








rH rH 


- 










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^ 


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IN ,-1 CM O <0 


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rH rH ^ CO in 


^ CS Cn rH CD 


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Page 52 
























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Vol. 


V - Page 53 












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Vol 


V - Page 69 








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TOTAL 

sement and Sporti ng G 

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ceries (full line) 

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dv»are 

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als and Metal Work (exc 
er and its Products 


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Vol. V 


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Vol. 


V - Page 71 












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209 
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Page 72 
























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Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 

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Vol. V - Page 99 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

VOLUME V 

SECTION THREE 

TABLES 3A AND 3B.- -EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL FOR ONE WEEK 



The tables which follow present data on employment and pay 
roll of wholesale establishments for one week of 1935. In gen- 
eral, the figures are for the period ending October 26. For 
highly seasonal businesses, however, figures for one week of 
normal employment during the active season are included. Estab- 
lishments having no paid employees, and a few for which no 
representative week could be determined, are excluded from the 
tabulations. 

In Table 3A, the number of employees and pay roll, full- 
time and part-time separately, are given for selected types of 
operation. In addition, the number of establishments and the 
number of full-time employees and their pay roll are given 
separately for those establishments which could and those which 
could not supply information by occupational groups. In Table 
3B, the information is given for those establishments which 
reported employment and pay roll for one week by occupational 
groups. In this part of the table the number of full-time 
executives, and the number and pay roll of full-time office and 
clerical, inside selling, outside selling, warehouse and other 
employees are shown separately. 

The information in both tables is presented in summary for 
the United States, for States, and for 13 cities having 
a population of over 500,000. For the country as a whole, 
the data are shown for full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers, manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), manufac- 
turers' sales offices (without stocks), agents and brokers and 
bulk tank stations, each type by 29 kind-of-business groups. 
For States and cities, they are shown separately for full- 
service and limited-function wholesalers, manufacturers' sales 
branches (with stocks), manufacturers' sales offices (without 
stocks) and agents and brokers, but without reference to kinds 
of business. 



Vol. V - Page 100 



Both tables are limited to selected types of operation. 
No information is given for assemblers and country buyers, 
and bulk tank stations are shown in summary for the United 
States only. The employees of assemblers do not lend them- 
selves readily to this type of classification, as a large 
portion of them are employed only a short period of the 
year, usually not more than three months, and perform a 
variety of activities without much specialization. Because 
they work only during the active season, they are often 
thought of as part-time employees even though they may work 
40 hours or more per week. In the case of bulk tank stations, 
a number of national marketers were able to supply the desired 
information in summary only and not on a State or city basis. 
Hence, the figures are shown only in summary for the United 
States. 



Pay roll for executives is omitted from the table. 
While it is possible to obtain figures, it is thought that 
they do not furnish a reliable basis for determining an 
average weekly wage. 



In Table 3B, pay roll is given by occupational groups 
when the total number of employees to be analyzed exceeds 
300. This number provides a fairly reliable base for deter- 
mining weekly wages of the various occupational groups and 
permits some information to be shown for each of the States. 



Vol. V - Page 101 



Tables 3A and 3B are related. Table 3B presents detailed 
information for a section of Table 3A. The items which appear in the 
stub, therefore, are exactly the same. 

The tables are presented for the various areas as follows: 



Page 
. 102 



United States Summary 

Geographic Divisions: 

New England 

Connecticut 106 

Maine 106 

Massachusetts 106 

New Hampshire 106 

Rhode Island 106 

Vermont 106 

Middle Atlantic 

New Jersey 106 

New York 106 

Pennsylvania 106 

East North Central 

Illinois 106 

Indiana 106 

Michigan 106 

Ohio 108 

• Wisconsin 108 

West North Central 

Iowa 108 

Kansas 108 

Minnesota 108 

Missouri 108 

Nebraska 108 

North Dakota 108 

South Dakota 108 

South Atlantic 

Delaware 108 

District of Columbia 108 

Florida 108 

Georgia 110 

Maryland 110 

North Carolina 110 

South Carolina 110 

Virginia 110 

West Virginia 110 



Page 

East South Central 

Alabama 110 

Kentucky 110 

Mississippi 110 

Tennessee 110 

West South Central 

Arkansas 110 

Louisiana 110 

Oklahoma 112 

Texas 112 

Mountain 

Arizona 112 

Colorado 112 

Idaho 112 

Montana 112 

Nevada 112 

New Mexico 112 

Utah 112 

Wyoming 112 

Pacific 

California . 114 

Oregon 114 

Washington 114 

Cities: 

Baltimore 116 

Boston 116 

Buffalo 116 

Chicago 116 

Cleveland 116 

Detroit 116 

Los Angeles 116 

Milwaukee 116 

New York City 116 

Philadelphia 116 

Pittsburgh 116 

St. Louis 116 

San Francisco 116 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY 














TABLE 3A.- ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMEN1 


AND PAY ROLL 










1 Figures a 


e tor week ending October 26, 1935, except 


where such 


period was not repreienlative. 










In 


uch ca«.s o 




enl is give 


n. 










Establishmenls which reported irregular employm 


ent lor occat 


onni mon 


hs and Iho 


' '"^'"e 


paid employees are 


™ot included) 




TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 




Table 3 


nalyzed ,n 
B 


Ealab 


ishmenl. not analyzed 
in Table 3-6 


Number 
estab 


Full-nm 


emptoyee, 


Parll.m 


emSoyee. 


Number 
estab 


Full-um 


e employees 


Number 
o( 
eslab- 




e employees 


Number 


Pav roll 


Number 


P.y roll 




P.y roll 


Numbe, 


Pay roll 




li.hmenu 




for week 




lor week 


lishmenli 




lor week 


lnhmenls 




lor week 


FClL-SmnCS AMD UMITSD-roHCTION 
























1IH0LB5AUHS 
Jtausamsat and sporting goods 


79.510 


749.889 


♦82,931,38 


56,478 


♦630,605 


74,427 


678,064 


♦20.830,61£ 


5,083 


71,765 


♦2,100,768 


974 


7,044 


287, 36£ 


600 


7,886 


1 939 


6,808 


219, U 


3* 


236 


8;241 




5,368 


49,822 


1,496,18C 


1,530 


20,490 


5,096 


46,601 


1,395,997 


272 


3,221 


100.183 


Beer, wines and llQuors 


4,963 


31,947 


919, 94C 






4,663 


29,350 


856,20 


300 


2,597 


64,738 


OhamlcalB and palnta 


1,316 




390,85 


493 


7,086 








126 


1,248 


47,193 


Clothing and furnishings 


3,430 


24,'79: 


859,87'= 


1,115 


14,906 


3!207 


21 ! 637 


750|657 




3.154 


108,622 




733 


8,657 


321,88J 




13,211 


687 


7,908 


897,007 




749 


24,875 


Drugs (full lino) 




15,845 


444,15= 


151 






13,616 


402. aOE 


26 


1,629 


41,354 


Drugs and drug sundries 
























(specialty lines) 


1,076 


7,925 


262,376 


523 


6.774 


952 


6,194 


202,676 


124 


1,731 


49.708 


Dry goods (full line) 


302 


14,613 




146 




276 


13,546 


407,055 


26 


1,068 


30.342 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


8,825 




836, 66£ 


841 


13,240 


2,670 




762,10l| 155 


2,155 




Electrical goods 


2,331 


30l304 


1,050,706 


897 


13,581 


2,271 


29^477 


1,026.613 60 


887 


24|096 




2,040 


18,575 








1,899 


16,987 


571,893 


141 


1.688 


51.755 


Farm products - consumer goods 




75,095 


2,105|oi 


7!477 


78! 978 


9,383 




1,918,293{ 480 






Farm supplies 


l|352 


12.487 


325,46. 


1,988 


24,049 


1,152 


10 [634 


280,671 




l|a53 


44I79I 


Furniture and house fumlshlngo 


1,668 


13.867 


456,022 


760 


10.063 


1,536 


11,689 




132 


2.178 




General merchandise 


809 


9,558 


271,757 


301 


4,314 


200 


9,899 


867 i 140 


9 


259 


4|617 


Oroceries (full lino) 


3,817 


67,380 


1,929,663 




16.953 




62,713 


1,809,737 


291 


4,667 


119,926 


Groceries and fooda 
























(specialty lines) 


10,287 


79,480 


2,184,531 


8,432 


73,394 


9,608 


71,417 


1,975,236 


619 


8.063 


209,295 


Hardware 


1,081 


30,792 


920,184 


534 


6,918 


1,016 


86,894 


792.861 


65 


3.898 


127,303 


Jewelry and optical goods 


1,487 


11,294 




345 


5,103 


1,343 




292.304 


144 


2;320 


75,887 


Lumber end construction materials 


2,649 


26,989 


84o!640 


2,785 


45,350 


2,329 


82 i 687 


740,679 




3.402 


99.961 


Machinery, equipment end supplies 


6,705 


56,580 


1,887,628 


2,928 


42,037 


6,289 


51,849 


1,738,016 


416 


4,731 


149.612 


Metals and metal work 
























(except scrap) 


780 


10.652 


377,259 


527 


8,670 


698 


9,295 


322,308 


82 


1.367 


64.961 


Paper and its products 


2,313 


25.376 


865,811 


959 


12,731 


2,178 


23,015 


785,362 


135 


2.361 


80,449 


Petroleum and Its products 


561 


4,444 


156,970 


231 


2,806 




3,712 


130,622 


41 


732 


26,348 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and epls. 


1,688 


16,779 


532,083 




13,102 


1,607 




493,927 


81 




38,166 


Tobacco and its products 
























(except leaf) 


1,928 


14,564 


508,995 


570 


5.564 


1,845 


13,753 


485,557 




811 


23,438 


Waste materials 


3,920 


28,069 


591,262 


3,843 


38.074 






545,106 


146 




46,156 


All other 


3,615 




750,459 


2,754 


30,990 


3)303 


20! 810 


630,281 


312 


41323 


120,178 


UNUFACTUKERS- SALES BRAKCEIE 
























1 (vara STOCKS) 


11,608 


213,037 


8,011,250 


5,708 


80,980 


10,375 


188,677 


7,074,517 


1,233 


24.460 


936.733 


■ 24j^ 


5;590 


1881215 


42 


683 


241 


5:690 


'l88,215 


— 




— i 




895 


23,863 


908,375 


415 


6,975 


819 


21,770 


823,560 


76 


2.093 


84.815 


Beer, wines and liquors 


373 


5,708 


236,520 


157 


1,768 


358 


6,149 






659 


26,151 1 


GhemlcalB and palnte 


560 


U,115 




382 


6,169 


536 


10,516 


465io52 


84 


499 


32,906 1 


Clothing and furnishings 


348 


9,256 


388|l40 


146 


2,658 


321 


8,593 


366,053 


21 


663 


22,087 


Coal and coke 


10 


354 


13,569 


9 


94 


6 


53 


2,131 




301 


11,438 


Drugs and drug sundries 


866 


7,074 


267,419 


44 


426 




6,629 


248,882 


46 


445 


18,537 


Dry goods 


207 




198,833 




1,227 


195 


4,089 


178,002 


18 


541 


20,831 


ElectrlCBl goods 


428 


7*813 


344,771 


169 


2,102 


407 


7,522 


333,175 


81 


291 


11,596 


Farm products - consumer goods 


387 


4,441 


141,980 


152 


2,162 


308 


3,880 


124,196 


19 


561 


17,784 


Fam supplies 


74 


940 


35,836 


75 


1,725 


64 


730 


27,273 




210 


8,563 


Furniture and house fumiehlnga 


844 


2,465 


96,594 






221 


2,177 


86,366 


23 


288 


10,228 


Groceries and foods 
























(specialty lines) 


3,102 


50,694 


1,719,669 


1,524 


16.806 


2,834 


46,669 


1,563,750 




4.035 


156,919 


Hardware 


68 


716 


28.277 








522 


19,448 


13 


194 


8,829 


Jewelry and optical goods 




3.123 


101.751 


48 


246 


186 


1,653 


57,300 


62 


1,470 


44,451 




260 


5,235 


203.709 


684 


8.698 


217 


4,262 


166,333 


43 


983 


37,376 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


2,640 


43,559 


1.646.303 


988 


17,308 


2,213 


36,352 


1,372,064 


487 


7.207 


274,239 


Metals and metal work 
























(except scrap) 


271 


7,428 


867,675 


139 


1,381 


253 


6,681 


244,441 


18 


807 


23,234 


Paper and its products 


205 


4,477 


179,580 


39 


442 


173 


3,812 


126.151 


32 


1.265 


53,369 


Petroleum and its products 


56 


831 


36,130 


10 


122 


53 


808 


35,474 


3 


23 


656 


Plumbing and heating eqpt. and apis. 




6.033 


193.342 




6,561 


318 


6,328 


174,674 


49 


705 


18,668 


Tobacco and its products 
























(except leaf) 


65 


3,433 


138,504 


1 


IB 


51 


3,046 


120,364 


14 


387 


18,140 


All other 


365 




178,160 


135 


8.029 


332 


3,326 


141,244 


33 


933 


36,916 


bJANOTACTURERS' SALES OFFIOBS 
























(WiraODT STOCKS) 
Amusement and aporting goods 


4.168 


43,164 


2.059,944 


698 


16.154 


3,641 


34,328 


1.677.876 


627 


8 836 


382.068 


139 


5;665 


198; 986 




37 


108 


4! 666 


173,598 


31 


i;009 


2S;388 




36 


706 


34,916 


2 


26 


28 


653 


30.850 


8 


53 


4,066 


Beer, wines and llquore 


37 




51,990 






36 


797 


45,551 




211 


6,439 


Chemicals and paints 


209 


8, '537 


138.452 


36 


1.126 


190 


2,357 


130,025 


19 


180 


8,427 


Clothing and furnishings 


204 


1,286 


73,213 


14 


860 


186 


1,092 


60,638 


19 


194 


12,675 


Coal and coke 


6 


45 


2,628 


3 


28 


6 


45 


2,688 








Drugs and drug sundries 
























(speclBlty lines) 


28 


523 


20,874 


u 


814 


87 


470 


18.609 


1 


53 


2.265 


Dry goods (specielty lines) 


129 


1,674 


88,991 


14 


286 


122 


1,565 


80.863 


7 


109 


8,728 


Electrical goods 


263 


1,617 


84,352 


81 


1,952 


260 


1,580 


82,054 


13 




2,298 


Faim products - consumer goods 


5 


58 


8,093 






4 


66 


2,043 


1 


2 


50 


Falm supplies 




345 


13.436 


48 


1,033 




297 




3 


48 


8,366 


Furniture and house furnishings 


113 


602 


32,034 


10 


186 


98 


511 


29 1 193 


16 


91 


2,841 


Groceries and foods 
























(specialty lines) 


203 


3,270 


135,400 


16 


430 


191 


3,101 


129,698 


12 


169 


5,702 


Hardware 


31 


223 








86 


191 


10,135 


6 


32 


912 


Jewelry and optical goods 


41 


147 


71658 


3 


40 


41 


147 


7,658 


— 


— 


— ■ 


Lumber and construction materials 


876 


4,458 


188,593 


75 


1.339 


285 


8,559 


122,104 


51 




66,489 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 










4,122 


981 


5,383 


283,612 


179 


1,213 


58,923 


(continued) 

















































Vol. V - 


Page 103 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 3-B.-NUMBER AND PAY 


ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 












ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 










(Figures are 


lor week ending October 26, 1935, 


eicepi where such 


period was not leprejenUbve 












In such cases one week ol repr 


senUtave employnK 


nl IS given. 










Establishments which 


reported .rrepjar employrr.e 


t lor occa-onal mon*s and those ha«.ng no paid employee, a 


re not included.! 






Bii 






0«,ce 


•nd dencal 


lo«de sell,.^, 


OoU^ »ll.na 


W., 


rfloUK- 


OOie. 










«* TiJ.le 3-A) 








pto,^ 
mc onl. 










„p, 1 


TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 


u..^ 


FuU-.,H,e 


FulU.mc 
p.y roll 


JL 




iFulu 


ifm^:tm„ 


(FuT.rme"^l,l 


IFulH, 


,ne only! 
























employ 


'•'"•• 


N„.b„ 


P., .oil 


Number 


P., rail 


Number 


P.y roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 
lo. week 


Number 


P« roll 
lor week 


mtL-SERnO! AHB LBIITED-FDNCTION 






























WHOLESALERS 
Amusement and aportlng gooda 


74,427 


678,064 


120,830,615 


57,626 


151,416 


13,735,262 


59,898 


b.671,038 


134.308 


*5.172.984 


133.139 




141.678 


t2.927.415 


939 


6,808 


219,117 






62,596 


880 


24,534 


1,160 


52,274 


922 


19,110 


998 


19,824 




5,096 


46,601 


1,395,997 


3,625 


8!945 






214,620 


8,464 


302,124 


4,435 


99,355 


12,869 


300,606 


Beer, wines and llquora 


4,663 


29,36C 


855.202 


2,320 


5,719 


143|o98 


1:222 


36,881 


10,018 


317.577 


4.306 


84,991 






OhemlcalB and palr.ta 


1,190 


9,316 


343.663 


1,182 


2,499 


64,459 


964 


25,794 






1,340 


30,314 


1:332 


35:456 


Clothing and fumiEhlnga 


3,207 


21,637 


750,667 


2,567 




Ul,093 


2,979 


87,290 


6:253 


212:500 


3,091 


63.817 


2,690 


64,942 


Ooal and coke 


687 


7,908 


297,007 


750 


1,899 


54,386 


159 


6,591 


1,385 


65,569 


668 


16,772 


3,047 


76,621 


Drugs (full line) 


270 


13,616 


402.806 


659 


3,900 


95,625 


790 


21,110 


1,877 


91,522 


5,198 


104,706 


1,192 


26,705 


Drugs and drug sundrleo 






























(specialty lines) 


952 


6,194 


202,676 


710 


1,753 


41,256 


339 


7,434 


1.538 


60,933 


972 


18,701 


882 


17 344 


Dry goods (full line) 


276 


13.545 


407,055 


528 


3,142 


81,346 


2,602 




3,016 


122,102 


2,141 


41,646 


2.116 


43:173 


Dry goods (specialty llnee) 


2,670 


20,648 


762,101 


2,583 


6,165 


147,026 


2,026 


64:738 


4,679 


202,112 


2,950 


57.162 


2,245 


44.098 


Electrical goods 


2,271 


29,477 


1,026,612 




9,192 


232,880 


2,827 


84,104 


5,924 


281,176 


4,303 


95,927 




Ue,776 


?aTiii products - ro* naterlale 


1,899 


16,987 


571,893 


l!741 


4,216 






23,119 


1,147 


56,078 


4,716 


104,624 


4:487 


75,131 


Farm products - consumer goods 


9,383 


67,742 


1,916,293 


4,901 




236,654 


7,005 






443,966 


U,986 


264,164 


19,953 


454,994 


Farm supplies 


1,152 


10,634 


260.671 


827 


2^403 


68,623 


713 


17:4a 


i:i85 


44,167 


3,245 




2,261 


40,387 


rurnlture and house furnishings 






387,710 


1,362 


3,169 


74,184 


1,246 


37,744 


2,328 


94,516 


2,093 


43:038 




31,549 


Oeneral merchandise 


200 


9,299 


267,140 


378 


3,200 






21,898 


1,207 


55,400 


2,714 


49,189 


i:067 


19,916 


Orocerles (full line) 


3,526 


62,713 


1,809,737 


3,608 


13,233 


333',77B 


3,768 


100,103 


13,312 




20,901 


418,814 


7,891 


149,694 


drocerlea and foods 






























(specialty lines) 




71,417 


1,975,236 


5,766 


11,266 


279,379 


5,707 


156,369 


15,160 


501,942 


12,654 


269,477 


20.944 


361,607 




l,'oi6 




792,881 




7,512 


172,191 


3,672 


92,469 


5,238 


207,878 


6,685 


135,105 


2,035 


43,305 


Jewelry and optical gooda 


1,343 


8,'97< 


292,304 


'967 


3,082 


68,958 




27,046 


1,174 






10,250 




56 , 756 


Lumber and construction materials 


2,329 


22,587 


740,679 


2,456 


4,970 


133,996 


826 


27,864 


2,851 


123:222 


5.286 


123,772 


6:i99 


138,981 


Machinery, equlfment end euppllee 


6,289 


51,849 


1,738,016 


5,606 


13,435 


327,462 


4,627 


132,814 


U,306 


467,799 


6,898 


152,201 


9.977 


233,084 


Metals and natal work 






























(elcspt scrap) 


696 


9,295 


322,308 


857 


2 299 


63,963 


315 


10,869 


1,252 


58,678 


2,872 


65,299 


1,700 


35,638 


Paper and its prcducts 


2,178 


23,015 


785,362 


2.262 


5',808 


138,492 








264,273 


4:604 


101,328 


2,277 


48,056 


Petroleum and Its products 


520 


3,712 


130,622 


439 


861 


23,535 


'145 


4:460 


'995 


35,787 


683 


16,667 


689 


14,429 


Plumbing and heating eiipt. aodspli 


1,607 


15,619 


493,927 


1,727 


4,434 


108,769 


1,242 


36,081 


2,818 


105,039 


3,404 


78,724 


1,994 


46,574 


Tobacco and Its products 






























(except leaf) 


1.846 


13,753 


486,557 


1.014 


2,778 


72,332 


1,559 


40,119 


4,506 


206,628 


2,228 


68,692 


1,669 


41 393 


Waste mterlals 


3,774 


25,975 


545,106 




2,205 


50,197 








17,882 




130,111 


13,430 


196,887 


All other 


3,303 


20,810 


630,281 


1^971 


6,230 


146,014 


1,632 


42:691 


3.492 


124,947 


3;837 


78,766 


3,646 


73,623 


UANUTACTBHERS- SALES BE;JICHES 






























{•HTm STOCKS) 
Amusemant and sporting goods 


10,375 


188.577 


7.074.517 


4.179 


64.616 




8.169 


345.860 


62.618 


3.064.076 






27,976 


769,582 


241 


5,590 


186.215 


166 


2,536 


64,597 




18,723 


^mT 


40,893 


672 


15,296 


924 


24,263 


Automotive 




21,770 


823,560 


599 


6,958 


211,345 


578 


25,251 


5.870 


326,802 


4,870 


129,326 


2,896 


77,063 


Beer, wines and liquors 


358 


5,149 


210,369 


154 


1,178 


31,343 


68 


4,270 


2,398 


117,465 




16,911 




26,525 






10,616 






3,889 


121,144 


434 


16,591 




212,737 


1,603 


40,200 


894 


27,796 


Clothing and furnishings 


321 


8,593 


366 1 053 


403 








12,396 


2:431 


173,539 


1,941 


46,573 


381 


9,271 


Ooal and coke 


6 


53 


2,131 


3 


16 


X 


-_ 


.. 


23 


X 


9 


X 


2 


X 


Drugs end drug sundries 


220 


6,629 


248,882 


173 


2,195 


61,752 


216 


8,750 


2.631 


125,541 


922 


20,517 


493 


6,980 


Dry goods 


195 


4,089 


178,002 


221 


1,842 


49,778 


223 


9,947 


916 




612 


11,832 


376 


9,766 


Electrical goods 






333,175 






121,984 




16,793 




137:682 


795 


24,833 


710 


24,642 


Farm products - consumer gooda 


308 


3|e80 




87 


'667 


17,108 


124 


6,100 


1:325 


49.303 


208 


5,687 


1,469 


40,042 


Paim supplies 


64 


730 


27^273 


9 


356 


12,512 


9 


418 


267 


12.087 


36 


826 


54 


903 


Pumiture and house furnishings 


221 


2,177 


86,366 


79 


743 


21,244 


U5 


5,036 


630 


36,341 




11,703 


117 


2,919 


Sroceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


2,834 


46,659 


1,563,760 


335 


9,193 


271,013 


2,884 


126,779 


18,904 


747,496 


8,370 


214,062 


6,973 


163,555 


Hardware 


49 


522 


19,448 


17 


177 


6,441 


8 


452 


127 


5,876 


143 


3,622 


50 


1,326 


Jewelry and optical goods 


186 


1,653 


57,300 


37 


772 


20,527 


60 


1.856 


236 


15,402 


81 


2,254 


477 


11,414 




217 


4,252 


166,333 


U3 


1,050 


36,454 


208 


9.166 


1,022 


56,332 


1,332 


37,064 


627 


15,024 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


2,213 


36,352 


1,372,064 


657 




251,782 


1,125 


48,880 




617,172 


3,376 


60,818 


9,783 


295,671 


Uatals and metal work 






























(except scrap) 


253 


6,621 


244,441 


lie 


2,086 


61,126 


305 


13,320 


1,241 


78,999 


2,522 


59,774 


349 


10,694 


Paper and its products 


173 


3,212 


126.151 


85 


1,012 


28,029 


293 


12,734 


1,033 


62,066 


744 


16,635 


45 


1,072 


Petroleum and Its products 


53 


808 


35.474 


45 


256 


8,131 


4 


273 


256 


12,741 


121 


3,706 


126 


4,338 


Plumbing and heating eqpt . and spls. 


313 




174,674 




1,915 


51,046 


158 


6,673 




62,166 


1.246 


28,352 


362 


9,716 


Tobacco and Its products 






























(except leaf) 


51 


3,045 


120,364 


66 


666 


19,428 


14 


1,369 


2,241 


79,648 


46 


1,153 


14 


291 


All other 


332 


3,326 


141,244 


178 


1.400 


» 


106 


I 


940 


^ 


476 


' 


226 


^ 


MANUPACTURERS- SALES OFFICES 






























(V7ITH0OT STOCKS) 
Amusement and sporting gooda 


3,541 




1,677.876 


1.232 


13.843 




1.906 


83.811 


14.754 


875.677 






2.694 


94,450 




4,656 


173:598 


^J 


s^mf 


96:237- 


836 


22,830 


520 


28,076 


~ 




419 


18:494 


AutomotiTa 




653 


30.850 


30 


234 


9.689 


14 


1,142 


217 


12,538 






158 


3,999 


Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


797 


45.551 


13 


71 


2,042 


31 




634 


32,318 




— 


148 


8,095 


Chamicals end paints 


190 


2,357 


130,026 








59 


4:840 


1,018 


68,145 


— 


— 


263 


10,289 


Clothing and furnishings 


185 




60,638 


138 


399 


10:484 


90 


4,968 


399 


25,242 


— 


~ 


66 


1,496 




6 


' 45 


2,628 




19 


I 


2 


X 


23 


X 


— 


~ 


2 


X 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


27 


470 


18,609 


23 


94 






811 


308 


12,533 






28 


925 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


122 


1,565 






852 


24:787 


63 


4,660 


469 


55,245 


— 


— 


U6 


3,345 


Electrical goods 


250 


1,583 


82! 064 


42 


695 


16,670 


103 


5,841 


763 


50,901 


— 


~ 


77 


3,677 


Farm products - consumer goods 


4 


56 


2,043 


2 


31 


X 


1 


I 


23 


X 


— 


— 


— 




Farm aupplles 


30 


297 


U,071 


1 


46 








179 












Furniture and house furnishings 


98 


5U 


29,193 






5,731 


23 


930 


UB 


17.897 


— 


~ 


8 


143 


tJroceriee and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


191 


3,101 


129,698 


36 


867 


22,572 


88 


3.588 


2.023 


95,592 


— 


— 


98 


1,998 




26 


191 


10,135 


13 


84 


X 


i 


X 


83 


X 


— 




9 


X 


Jewelry and optical goods 


41 


147 


7,658 




48 




7 




83 








2 




Lumber and construction materials 


225 


2,559 


122.104 


105 




35,910 


91 


4.340 


1.266 


65,959 


— 


— 


71 


1,966 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


981 




283,612 


253 


l!406 


42.200 


132 


7,504 


2.826 


176,698 


— 


— 


766 


24,931 


(continued) 































uwlyrad by oocupalionkl f>oti[: 



Vol. V Page 104 



Bstablishments which 



J5 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 3.A.-- ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 
Figures arc (or week ending October 26, 1935, except where »uch pt 
In such cases one week of representative employment 
iths and those I 



paid employees are not included) 



Total, all 



Full time employees 






Tffrif : 
Full-till 



^taVIisKments not analyxed 



(nTHOUT STOCKS) (oontlnuad) 
ketals and metal work 

(exApt acrap) 
Paper and Its products 
Petroleum and Its products 
Plumbing and beating eqpt. and epls. 
Tobacco and Its products 

(except leaf) 
AU other 



AGfflJTS AND BROKERS 

Amusement and sporting goods 

Automotiva 

Beer, wlnea end liquors 

Cii«nilcal8 and paints 

Clothiog and furnishings 

Coal and coke 

Drugs and drug sundries 

(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full line) 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
Fann products - raw materiale 
Faim products • 
FaiBi supplies 
Furniture and house furnishings 



Groceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods 
(specialty lines) 



Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction materiale 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Metals and metal work 

(except scrap) 
Paper and its products 
Petroleum and Its products 
Plumbing and heating eqpt* and spls. 
Tobacco and Its products 

(except leaf) 
Waete materials 
AU other 



5,809 
1,173 
20,532 



50,762 

157,106 
200,499 



36,166 
550, UO 
287,377 
19.379 
45,702 
26,471 
2,579 



296 


9*9 


47, £89 




3,307 


133.741 


374 


3,*03 


178, 3E4 


95 


633 


20,311 


11 


i2 


1,386 


538 


4,9S7 


£49,S££ 


M6 


1,1£6 


S4,4£€ 


2,E9£ 


16,033 


4S4,Elt 


1.S69 


7,051 


£68,891 


£08 


507 


19,12C 


£91 


1,0£3 


41, £0! 


60 


S60 


24,036 


19 


64 


£,219 



1,736 
•8,891 
U,486 



1,837 
£,864 
4,758 





























Vol. V - 


Page 105 




CENSUS OF BUSINESS 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 3-8- -NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 


















ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS 
















(Fig 




ior week ending October 26. 1935, 


except where such period was not re 


















In such casci one week o( repr 


















Es.abUsh„,an,= wh.ch 




o paid employees 


ire not 


ncluded.l 










E... 


bl^hm.nl. 
.^ Table 


3-A) 




OH.ce .nd cltr.cal 


ln„dc sell.ng 


Ouls.de sell.ng 


W. 


ehouse 
ployees 
roe onlyl 


Other 1 




TYPE OF OPERATION 
KIND OF BUSINESS 




Full-t.m« 


FulMime 




(FuT 


™e only) 


IpJlMrmT^ly) 


<Fu7 


.me only. 


( FuTt 


em ' 
( Full-I 


me only) 






























employ 


pay roll 


-. 


N..b., 


Pay roll 


Nu.b. 


P., roll 
lor »«k 


Number 


Pay roll 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 




IWrarAOTOEHS' 34133 OFFIOSS 
































(WITHOOT STOCKS) (contintted) 
































Hotals and jutal mrlc 
































(elo.pt scrip) 


368 


3,887 


»218,056 


120 


2,053 


»70,132 


118 


»7,975 


1,463 


«U0,916 


„ 


_ 


133 


$5,191 




Paper and Its products 


133 


7ZB, 


41,458 


36 


271 


7,962 


43 


2,5U 


361 


25,521 


__ 


._ 


17 


633 




Petroleum md its products 


24 


939 


44.596 


74 


665 


22,663 


64 


4,322 








~ 


76 






Plumbing and heating eqpt. endqile 


165 


580 


26.339 


33 


180 


4.698 


7 




298 


16|258 


Ji 




62 


2)020 




Tobacco end its products 
































(eicept leaf) 


121 


1,103 


41,966 


7 


57 


8,319 


— 


_ 


1,039 


37,837 


.. 


„ 


„ 


__ 




All other 


186 


1,533 


85,731 


96 


854 


23,955 


47 


3,189 


657 


39,736 


— 


— 


77 


2.595 




BULK TANK STATIONS 1/ 
































Petroleim and its products 

ACnnS AND BROKERS 

Amusamant and sporting goods 


16,065 


65,911 


2,184.438 


2,395 


10,120 


313,944 


8,459 


77,998 


24,539 


906,014 


9,893 


♦258,522 


17,105 


481,116 




13A90 


61.378 


2,362.458 


7,857 


23,536 


629,563 


3.859 


162,849 


11,976 


563.564 


5.854 


117.805 


6,896 


163.686 




169 


799 


31,982 


94 


412 


11,937 




1,676 


195 


9,860 


24 


562 




595 




AutomotiTe 


320 


944 


33,330 


107 


380 


9,279 


88 


2,013 


812 


8,076 


52 


1,057 


111 


8,150 




Beer, wines end liquors 


61 


348 


9,465 


33 


84 


I 


87 




84 








13 






Otamicals and paints 






47,289 


207 




12,172 


18 


944 


184 


9,535 


29 






8,321 




Clothing and furnishings 


719 


3,307 


133,741 


461 


1,463 


33.436 




6,980 


946 


40.704 


66 


1,077 


193 


5,790 




Coal snd coke 


374 


3,40B 


178,324 


421 


1,631 


52,291 


137 


7,593 




54,752 


120 


3,457 


144 


4,648 




Drugs and drug sundries 
































(specialty lines) 


95 


633 


20.311 


50 


223 


5,221 


1 


35 


218 


8,065 


67 


1,824 


80 


1.131 




Dry goods (full lino) 


11 




1,386 


4 


81 
















8 






Dry goods (specialty lines) 


538 


4,957 


249,322 




2,680 


68,406 


317 


20,686 


1,244 


62 887 


213 


4 523 


808 


4.925 




Blectrical goods 


446 


1,126 


34,428 


189 


477 


9,475 


31 


912 




9,' 500 


57 


1,'061 


73 


1.752 




Farm products - raw materials 


2,292 


16,033 


454,219 


1,830 


3,855 


116,365 


707 


26,216 


2,096 


76,835 


3,487 


63,576 


4,658 


73.554 




Parm products - consumer goods 


1,259 


7,051 


268.891 


989 


8,081 


60.780 


1,277 


51,816 


406 


17,570 


1,030 


86,288 


1,868 


33,678 




Pam supplies 


206 


507 


19,120 


105 


832 


5.729 


32 




60 


2,060 


15 


221 


63 






Pumlture and house furnishings 






41,809 


136 


394 


9,040 


114 


3 [727 




14,479 


51 


1,U5 


62 


1,'269 




Oeneral merchandlaa 


60 


560 


24,036 


80 


370 


11,356 


63 


3,067 


17 








8 


190 




Orocerias (full line) 


19 


64 


2,219 


9 






1 




12 


I 


4 


^ 


8 






Oroceriea and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


1,739 


6,471 


268,782 


1.068 


3,145 


79,946 


226 


10,863 


1,579 


78,709 


813 


3,886 


840 


5.026 




Hardware 


202 


S84 


21,891 


S8 


318 


8.449 


11 


284 


152 


6,678 


29 


569 


16 


315 




Jewelry and optical goods 


45 


111 


4,011 


12 


57 




3 




36 








3 






Lumber and construction materials 


588 


2,057 


81.624 


435 


912 


22.871 


56 


2,621 


484 


19,573 


30 


605 


140 


3,564 




Machinery, eijuljuiant and suppliaa 


1,783 


4,906 


202.654 


924 


1,987 


46,823 


149 


5,729 


1,381 


63.808 


110 


2,261 


415 


11,048 




Metals and metal work 
































(except scrap) 


272 


946 


49,427 


157 


494 


15.564 


22 


1,759 


213 


12,522 


27 


607 


33 


753 




Paper and its products 


162 


438 


18,122 


58 


212 


5.400 


13 


714 


124 


5,678 




199 


23 


605 




Petroleum and its products 


82 


264 


12,827 


54 


117 




10 




48 




e 










numbing and heating eqpt. and sple. 


303 


870 


29,696 


177 


324 


6.833 


16 


404 


251 


9.285 


38 


798 


64 


1 641 




Tobacco and its producte 
































(except leaf) 


5 


14 


569 




5 


I 


.. 


_ 


9 


I 


.. 










Waste materials 


95 


306 


17,104 


91 


140 


3.832 


21 


879 


27 


1,791 


9 


882 


16 


394 




All other 


756 




107,679 


353 


1,102 


26,765 


308 


10,161 


538 


26,339 


140 


8.917 


324 


6,036 



Vol. V - Page 106 
























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE 3.A.-ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 












(Figures are 


tor week 


ending October 26, 1935, except 


where such period wa. 












In such cases on 


e week ol representativ 


e employme 


nt IS given. 












paid em 


















EstablUbmenU » 


..ly,eJi„ 


Establisbmenf no 


anJyz«J 


AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 




Tot. 


, all e.labl.5hn 


ents 






Table 3B 




,„ Table 3.B 1 


Nun-be. 

ol 

otab- 

lishmenu 


1 — f^:^^ 


employee! 


1 Part-bme 


employee. 


Number 

ol 

estab- 

l"bmenl. 


Ful|.>im 




Number 

estab- 
Jahmenu 


Full-tim 


employees 


Number 


Pay ™ll 




Pay ™ll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 




Pay roil 


NEW ENGLAMD 
























OONNECTICOT 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


974 


8,870 


$263,545 


626 


.t8,205 


910 


7,927 


♦237,213 


64 


943 


»26,332 


ManufQGturGrs* Sales Branches 


161 




71,709 


62 


949 




1,743 


60,S33 


19 


259 


11,376 


Monufactursrs' Sales Offices 


31 


'236 


10,744 






25 


193 


8,943 


6 


43 


1.801 


Agents and Brokers 




123 


6,908 


16 


187 


32 


85 


3,4*6 


2 


38 


3,*62 


MUSE 
























Full-Serrice and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


430 


3,815 


101,852 


363 


3.647 


398 


3,469 


94,311 


32 


356 


7,541 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


70 


733 


22,314 


29 


221 


64 


662 


20,183 


6 


71 


2,131 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 






2,060 










1,570 




13 


490 


Agents and Brokers 


25 


44 


1,137 


^ 


78 


24 


43 


1,097 


1 


1 


40 


MASSACHUSEITS 
























rull-3er»lce and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


3,427 


32,380 




2,019 


26.401 


3,215 


29,426 


942.191 


212 


2,964 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


548 


10,186 


'3981924 


186 


2.457 


499 


8,302 


303,411 


49 


1,884 


96,513 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


218 


1.980 


90,948 


9 


143 


184 


1,373 


62,664 


34 


607 


28,284 


Agents aad Brokers 


570 


2,155 


89,033 


151 


1,889 


549 


1,942 


79,131 


21 


213 


9,902 


NiX HAUFSillHE 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


177 


1,339 






1,351 


162 


1,227 


34.327 


15 


112 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


42 




11,242 


12 


89 


40 


325 


10.632 


2 


15 


610 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
























Agents and Brokers 


' 


33 


646 


1 


16 


' 


33 


646 






~ 


EBODE ISIAND 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 


























475 


4,339 


131,985 




3,323 


430 


3,937 


114,162 


45 


402 


17,823 


Itonufaoturers' Sales Branches 








45 


264 


53 


644 


22,540 


8 


201 


8,468 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


16 


75 


4!426 


2 


22 


IS 


68 


4,060 


1 


7 


366 


Agents and Brokers 


39 


149 


6,015 


12 


165 


36 


183 


4,225 


3 


26 


1,790 


VEHMDOT 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


146 


1,257 


34,112 








991 


26,221 


26 


266 


7,891 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


26 






12 


81 


24 


189 


5,633 


2 


20 


701 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 






' 62 






1 


1 










Agents and Brokers 


6 


' 


241 


2 


s 


5 


' 


241 






~ 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
























ms JERSEI 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 


























2,001 


17,819 


643,827 


958 


12,922 


1,841 


15,768 


480,600 


160 


2,051 


63,227 


llanufacturers' Sales Branches 


251 


4,520 


166,247 


172 


2.699 


232 


3.946 


1*5,581 


19 


574 


20,666 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


45 


406 


19,534 


13 


304 


36 


336 


16,183 


9 


70 


3,351 


Agents and Brokers 


98 


467 


14,053 


61 


916 


93 


418 


12.942 




49 


1,111 


NEWYOKK 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


16.642 


153,459 


5,515.992 


6,793 


98.511 


16,716 


139.409 


5,028,830 


926 


14,050 


487,162 




1.645 


47,579 


1,947,421 


658 


12.219 


1,486 


42.079 


1,733,190 


159 


5,500 


214,231 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


883 


14,723 


774,313 


191 


4.930 


779 


12.725 


681,260 


104 


1,998 


93,053 


Agents and Brokers 


3,248 


19.813 


938,403 


959 


14,726 


3,096 


17.762 


833,073 


152 


2,061 


105,330 


PENNSYLVAMA 
























Full-Service and limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


6,152 


49.218 


1,548,237 


3,380 


41,736 


5,736 


44.035 


1,394,012 


416 


5,183 


154,225 




849 


16,349 




347 


4,631 


759 


14.468 










Itonuf acturers ' Sales Offices 




4,363 


206,042 


47 


1,329 


338 


3,041 


142,687 


7* 


li322 


63 1 355 


Agents and Brokers 


871 


3,411 


143,316 


488 


6.261 


837 


3,124 


127,512 


34 


287 


16,804 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL 
























ILLINOIS 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


5.458 


61.820 


1,944,8U 


3,727 


50.437 


5,080 


66 706 


1,779,147 


378 


5,115 


165,66* 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


900 


22,304 


902,353 


530 


7.846 


'820 


20;021 


809,431 


80 


2,283 


92,922 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


416 


5,550 


265,212 


86 


1,643 


356 


4,392 


215,013 


60 


1,158 


50,199 


Agents and Brokers 


1,171 


5,650 


241,063 


610 


9,058 


1,131 


5,368 


228,707 


40 


282 


12,356 


INDIANA 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Iholeoalers 


1,647 


14,206 


379,799 


1,044 


10.221 


1,547 


13,026 


3*6,421 


100 


1,180 


33,378 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


'2U 


2,772 


88,682 


90 


957 


185 


2,476 


81,348 


26 


296 


7,334 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


39 


377 


13,892 


3 


33 


34 


333 


12,738 


5 




1,15* 


Agents and Brokers 


235 


844 




154 


1,896 


229 


809 


28,754 




35 


1,986 


MICHIGAN 
























Full-Service and Llmlted-Funotion 
























Wholesalers 


3,048 


25,493 


747,671 


2,222 


24,37* 


2,866 


23,369 


688,027 


182 


2,124 


59,6** 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


409 


6,740 


268,104 


'l48 




373 


6,282 


250,809 


36 


458 


17,295 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


180 


1,346 


71,586 


10 


'l58 


157 


1,175 


65,936 


£3 


171 


7,650 


Agents and Brokers 


394 


1,3*5 


58,882 


306 


2,997 


383 


1.314 


57,801 


11 


31 


1,081 


(Continued) 

















































Vo 


V - Page 107 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE SB.-NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 




(Figu 


,es are lo. week 


ending October 26. 1935, 


-xcept whe 


e such 


period was not representative. 








jch cases one week o( representative en 


nployme 


nt IS given. 








leported irregula 


r employment for occasional 


months and those 


havmg no paid employees a 












OH.ce 


nd clerical 


In.Kle 


selhns 


Ou>s,de sellmg 


Warehouse 


Other 


AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 


(8« T.ble 


3-A) 


Numbe. 
ol 


iFuT 


ployees 
me only) 


empUiyees 
I Full-time onlyl 


(FuTl 


ployee. 
me only) 


employees 
(Full-time only) 


employees 
IFull-lime only) 


Number 


P*^e 


Full-time 
pay roll 
lor week- 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 


Number 


Pay roll 


Numbe, 


Pay roll 
lo, week 


Numbe, 


Pay ,oll 
lo, week 


NHMKNGLAUD 






























OOKNBOTIOOT 






























Hholssalars 


910 


7,927 


$237,213 


821 


1,546 


$34,855 


630 


»18,459 


1.412 


160,238 


1,394 


$26,297 


2,124 


$44,919 


Uanuracturers' Sales Branohas 


143 


1,743 


60,333 




389 


10,742 


118 


5,077 


543 


24,236 


303 


8,088 


372 


10,444 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


25 


193 






67 




20 












28 




Agents and BroHers 


32 


85 


3,446 


11 


29. 


^ 


2 


^ 


24 


"^ 


12 


^ 


' 


^ 


MUHE 






























Full-Serrice and Limited-Function 






























mioleaalers 


398 


3,459 


94,311 


315 


700 


14,591 


387 


8,796 


585 


20,824 


842 


16,081 


630 


13,106 




64 




20,193 


6 


139 


3,598 


35 


1,447 


232 


8,691 


117 


2,773 


133 


3,359 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




34 


1,570 


2 


17 


X 


— 


— 


15 


I 


— 


~ 




— 


Agents and Brokers 


24 


43 


1,097 


4 


15 


^ 


1 


^ 


5 


^ 


6 


^ 


12 


^ 


UASSACHUSSTTS 






























Full-Serrloo and Llmlted-runctlon 






























Wiolesalsrs 


3,215 


29,426 


942,191 


2,755 


6,421 


152,982 


3,215 


91,954 


5,658 


216,270 


5,584 


129,611 


5,793 


130,784 


Ifanufaoturers" Sales Branches 


499 


8,302 


303,411 


126 


2,266 


64,812 


468 


19,202 


2,768 


133,265 


1,367 


35,003 


1,307 


34,073 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


184 


1,373 


62,664 


43 


550 


15,393 


85 


3,604 


643 


36,420 


— 


— 


52 


2,219 


Agents end Brokers 


549 


1,942 


79,131 


294 


760 


18,189 


160 


6,531 


506 


22,740 


90 


2,242 


132 


3.364 


NEW HAMPSHIHE 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


162 


1,327 


34,327 


118 


250 


6,380 


194 


4,751 


231 


7,579 


243 


5,623 


191 


3,923 


Manufacturers' Sales Braachea 


40 




10,632 


1 


75 


2,100 




804 


116 


4,885 


40 




74 


1,761 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 






- 
























Agents and Brokers 


' 


33 


646 


1 


« 


^ 


1 


^ 


^ 




* 


^ 


20 


^ 


RHODE ISLAMB 






























Full-Senrlce and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


430 


3,937 


114,162 


362 


896 


18,786 


426 


10,539 


730 


25,983 


663 


13,011 


870 


17,693 




53 


644 


22,540 




136 


3,481 


46 


1,792 


238 


10,773 


106 


2,674 


112 


3,097 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


15 


68 




1 


27 




1 


X 


36 


X 


~ 


— 


3 


X 


Agents and Brokers 


36 


123 


4', 225 


21 


54 


^ 


8 


^ 


16 


* 


2 


* 


22 


^ 


TTESMONT 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


120 


991 


26,2a 


86 


200 


4,237 


94 


2,109 


187 


6,036 


206 


4,518 


219 


4,767 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




189 


5,633 


5 


36 


I 


12 


I 


60 


I 


23 


X 


63 


^ 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


1 


1 


62 


— 




— 




— 


1 


I 




— 


— 


~ 


Agents and Brokers 


6 


' 


241 


2 


3 


^ 


— 




2 


^ 


"" 




" 


" 


lODDLB AILAWTIO 






























NEW JERSEY 






























Full-Sorrlce and Limited-Function 
































1,841 


15,768 


480,600 


1,653 


3,218 




1,086 


30,422 


2.997 


109,913 




60,089 


4.051 


88,990 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




3,946 


145,581 


59 


946 


27,528 


253 


10,994 


1,246 


60,355 


795 


21,810 


647 


18,960 


Msnufacturors' Sales Offices 


36 


336 


16,183 






1,918 


12 


535 


201 


11,164 






49 


2.106 


Agents and Brokers 


93 


418 


12,942 


66 


136 


3,100 


61 


1,865 


36 


1,434 


39 


803 


80 


1.731 


NEW YORK 






























Full-Serrlce and Limitad-Function 






























Wholesalers 


15,716 


139,409 


5,028,830 


15,781 


38,014 


983,302 


ID, 797 


360,787 


26,298 


1,132,076 


22,449 


515.461 


26,070 


636,781 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


1,486 




1,733,190 


1,338 


14,117 


422,421 


1,972 


90,911 


13,225 


672,623 


5,797 


152.911 


5,630 


162,691 
49,826 


Ibnufacturers' Sales Branchaa 


779 


12!725 


681,260 


677 


5,945 


206,515 




28,592 


4,233 


281,903 






1,382 


Agents and Brokers 


3,096 


17,752 


833,073 


2,526 


8,819 


245,507 


1.104 


59,376 


3,613 


201,677 


591 


14,765 


1,099 


31,119 


PENNSYLTANIA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


5,736 


44,035 


1,394,012 


3,379 


9,643 


233,214 


4,744 


128,284 


8,957 


401,198 


7,807 


182,810 


9,505 


203,630 


Manufacturers' Sales Bronches 


759 


14,468 


561,232 


219 


3,789 


115,121 


777 


32,204 


4,941 


260,143 


2,312 


61,370 


2.430 


67,007 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


338 


3,041 


142,687 


71 


1,033 


31,599 


171 


7,931 


1,664 


89,443 




— 


102 


3,913 


Agents and Brokers 


837 


3,124 


127,512 


448 


1,208 


31,025 


316 


11,260 


688 


32,687 


256 


5,908 


209 


4,683 


EAST NORm caraRAL 






























ILLINOIS 






























Full-Ssrvlce and Limited-Function 
































5,080 


56,705 


1,779,147 


4,152 


13,634 


340,162 


4,603 


134,383 


11,189 


445,405 


a, 878 


249,806 


11.249 


249,640 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


820 


20,021 


809,431 


363 


6,334 


186,416 




37,157 


6,457 


359,596 


3,478 


93,806 


2,507 


76,376 


J&nufacturers' Sales Offices 


356 


4,392 


215,013 


138 


1,963 


61,696 


178 


8,749 


1,866 


111,728 






257 


9,454 


Agents and Brokers 


1,131 


5,368 


223,707 


741 


2,152 


59.119 


418 


18,783 


1,179 


57,112 


196 


5,078 


682 


18,741 


INDIANA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
































1,547 


13,025 


346,421 


1,030 




53,748 


1,386 


32,122 


2,870 


94,371 


2,382 


44,073 


2,756 


,^M!? 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


185 


2,476 


81,348 




538 


14,308 


90 


3,580 


982 


39,356 


395 


8.697 


429 
12 


11,931 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


34 


333 


12,738 




173 


4,658 




961 


107 


5,339 








Agents and Brokers 


229 




28,754 


104 


286 


6,473 


36 


1.309 


133 


6,901 


38 


715 


212 


5,414 


MICHIGAN 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
Wholesalers 


2,866 


23,369 


688,027 


1,686 


4,500 


107,781 


2,243 


57,787 


4,677 


181,643 


4,912 


103,222 


5,351 


111.183 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


373 


6,282 


250,809 


117 


2^002 


67,350 


260 


10,381 


2,130 


109,308 


1,088 


29,539 


685 


20,637 
3,224 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


167 


1,175 


63,936 


28 


366 


12,547 




4,096 


607 


41,090 






88 


Agents and Brokers 


383 


1,314 


57,801 


166 


460 


11,078 


58 


2,414 


343 


20,309 


140 


3,699 


167 


3,890 


(continued) 































Vol. V - Page 



TABLE 3-A.-ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 
BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 






ending October 26, 1935, except 
jch cases one week of representatj^ 
ir employment for ( 



months and tho 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL (CODt 



Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Manuf BCturere ' Sales Branchea 
I'-anufacturers* Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 

3TSC0NSIN 

Full-Service anj Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Seles Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



WIST NORTH CENTRAL 



KANSAS 

Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
tonufacturers' Sales Officea 
Agents and Brokers 



Agents and Brokers 



Full-Service and Lljaited-Functlo: 

lianuf acturers ' Sales Branchea 
1/ianuf acturers ' Salea Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



HSBHASKA 

Full-Service and Liml 
Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Salsa 
liianuf acturers ' Sales Off: 
Agents and Brokers 



NORIH DAKOTA 

Pull-Service end Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



Full-Service and Llmlti 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales 
Manufacturers' Sales Office 
Agents and Brokers 



SOOTH ATLANTIC 



Manufacturers' Seles 



Sales Offices 



Agen 



and Brokers 



DISTRICT OF COUKBIA 

Pull-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalera 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Salee Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



Manufacturers' Salee Branches 
Manufacturers' Salea Officea 
Agents and Brokers 

(Continued) 



12,297 
2,338 
3,069 



1,260,229 
454,201 
118,567 
128,202 



597,410 
141,240 
27,660 
65,561 



482,526 
71,598 

99,370 



48,975 

13,193 

670 

1,756 



53,161 
6,355 
12,364 



10,422 
1,929 
2,975 



28,971 
U.,903 
1,162 
2,629 



237,732 
58,970 
6,103 
17,9 



438,215 
51,311 
92,986 



177,430 
49,146 
13,745 



























Vol. V- Pa,e 109, 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE 3-B.--NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL TIME EMPLOYEES 












WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 










(Figures are (or week 


ending Ocio 


ber 26 


1935. 


except whe 


e such 


period was 


not representative. 














uch cases one week 


o( representative en 


nployme 


nt IS given 














Eslablishments which 


reported irregula 


r employme-.. lor 


ccasiona 


months a 


id those 




^ Pa.J .^ 


mployees a 


e nol i 


^eluded.) 








1 E...bl..h.„en.. 






OHice 


nd clerical 


Inside 


selling 


Oulsid 


e selling 




Other 


AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 


(>e<^ T.ble 




T 


(FuT 


ployees 
me only) 


employees 
IFull-lime only, 


(pjir 


me only J 


employees 
(Full-lime only) 


employees 
(FulU.me only) 




employ 


Fuil-Urae 
pay roll 




Pay roll 








Pay roll 




Pa, roll 


Number 


Pay roll 








(or week- 


lives- • 


Number 




Number 


lor »eek 


Number 


lor week 


Number 


lor week 




KAST NORTH CKmSU. (Contlnuod) 






























OHIO 






























Pull-Serrlce and Limited-Function 






























KholesalerB 


4,256 


38,450 


»1,144,990 


3,202 


7,986 


tl92,341 


3,026 


»79,009 


7,538 


t285,899 


8,478 


»179,154 


8,220 


$174,739 


Ifanufacturers' Sales Branches 


611 


10,422 


379,860 


252 


2,729 


77,349 


376 


15,947 


4,060 


180,600 


1,313 


33,355 


1,692 


46,294 


Manufacturers ' Sales Offices 


292 


1,929 


99,820 


97 


716 


20,586 


131 


6,085 


895 


54,642 




_ 


90 


4.065 


Agents and Brokers 


698 


2,975 


124,898 


420 


1,138 


30,545 


233 


9,372 


641 


30,794 


226 


4,818 


317 


7.664 


WISCONSIN 






























Pull-Service and Limited-Function 
































1,635 


14,233 


415,975 


1,475 


2,783 


62,500 


912 


23,822 


2,859 


100,824 


3,086 




3,118 


69,786 


llanuf acturore ' Sales Branches 


2S8 


2,687 


91,620 


134 


753 


17,680 


122 


4,659 




38,224 


476 


12,265 


396 


11,832 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


50 


302 


12,879 




109 


3,020 




547 


163 


8,588 






9 


389 


Agents and Brokers 


204 






153 




4,634 


36 


1,216 


106 


4,037 


123 


2,425 


167 


4,255 


WEST NDEIH OEKTRAL 






























IOWA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


1,031 


9,117 


237,732 


576 


1,747 


39,984 


642 


15,724 


2,031 


68,291 


2,406 


45.117 


1,715 


31.957 


Manufacturers' Salee Branches 


158 


1,866 


58,970 


25 


479 


12,885 


73 


2.706 


591 


23,885 


251 


5,551 


447 


11,813 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


22 


165 


6,103 




63 








79 












Agents and Brokers 


158 




17,990 


54 


166 


4,115 


12 


401 


213 


7,752 


28 


536 


79 


1.645 


KANSAS 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


680 


5,331 


143,285 


312 


1.092 


24,938 


417 


9.796 


1,192 


40,633 


1,340 


26.919 


978 


20.763 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


78 


1,098 


33,504 


19 


275 


7.234 


42 


1.679 


344 


12,364 


221 


5,170 


197 


5,191 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


13 


205 


7,091 




46 








139 








3 




Agents and Brokers 


96 


350 




23 


96 


2,318 


22 


556 


116 


3,384 


31 


650 


62 


1,305 


MINNESODi 






























FuU -Service and Limited-Function 
































1,389 


18,394 


553,199 


1,233 


4,860 


117,058 


1,055 


29.616 


3,517 


129,909 


4,780 


106,613 


2,949 


63,054 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


249 


3,873 


130,955 


62 


1,030 


27,914 


167 


6,236 


1,399 


59,624 


628 


16.074 


587 


15,836 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


77 


564 


24,027 


12 


198 


5,439 


39 


1,345 


292 


15,377 








896 


Agents and Brokers 


325 


1,520 


64,708 


213 




16,840 


83 


4,163 


405 


18,250 


126 


3,090 


105 


3,076 


MISSOtJEI 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


2,490 


28,971 


851,664 


2,133 


6,738 


163,101 


2,478 


65,982 


5,860 


214,164 


6,297 


125.070 


5,465 


112,301 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


414 


11,903 


438,215 


196 




107,891 


312 


13,416 


4,250 


216,452 


2,180 


52,744 


972 


27,133 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


169 


1,162 




25 


'401 


11,663 


91 


2.878 


566 


32,174 


— 


— 


79 


2,474 


Agents and Brokers 






92^986 


398 


909 


21,537 


132 


4,427 


746 


26,239 


160 


3,490 


284 


5,428 


NEBRASKA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


509 


5,224 


154,276 


382 


1,126 


26.285 


406 


10.502 


1,263 


49,065 


1,248 


23,919 


799 


16.577 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


98 


l|765 




31 


499 


13.817 


71 


3,016 


596 


24,508 


340 


8,379 


228 






15 


'203 


6)988 


1 


58 


I 


27 


I 


109 


I 


— 


— 


8 


X 


Agents and Brokers 


180 


745 


24,964 


55 


212 


5,304 


15 


344 


276 


10,387 


47 


1,046 


140 


3,029 


NORTH DAJCOXi 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
































196 


1,696 


46,728 


122 


328 


7,723 


154 


3,847 


385 


13,940 


413 


8.21B 


294 


5.856 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


38 


710 


22,275 


9 


179 


4,625 






192 


7,779 


152 


3,768 


169 


4.892 


Manufacturers' Salee Offices 


4 


12 


437 


1 


— 


~ 


— 




10 


X 


~ 


~ 


1 


I 


Agents and Brokers 


12 


33 


1,239 


' 


9 


I 


1 


^ 


7 


X 


~ 


~ 


^ 


^ 


SOUra DAKOTA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


185 


1,824 


43,702 


111 


438 


8,856 


185 


4,591 


309 


11,186 


630 


9,975 


151 


1,880 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


32 


433 


12,523 


5 


111 


2,724 


3 


74 


112 


3,925 




1,621 


135 


3.815 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 






670 




11 








11 


X 


_. 








Agents and Brokers 


15 


60 


1,434 


12 


13 


I 


" 


-- 


23 


' 


3 


^ 


5 


X 


SODTB AILANTIC 






























DELAWARI 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


123 


907 


25,150 


92 


190 


3.913 


104 


2,565 


136 


4,924 


170 


3,197 


215 


4.016 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


2E 


302 


10,410 


4 


55 


1,518 


24 


1,106 


126 


5,292 


34 


776 


59 




Manufacturers' Salee Offices 


4 


21 


849 


1 


7 




1 




12 


I 






— 


— 


Agents and Brokers 


15 


28 


518 


* 


6 




1 


I 


1 


X 


6 


X 


10 


X 


DIsraiCT OF COLUMBIA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


400 


5,723 


177,430 






25,346 






1,262 


44,011 


1,062 


24,995 




26.996 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 






49,146 


25 


354 


10,428 


82 


4,004 


344 


20,030 


187 


4,524 


254 


7,687 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


39 


'309 


13,745 


3 


131 


3,665 


36 


943 


111 


7,814 






28 


1,067 


Agents and Brokers 


53 


209 


7,758 


22 


67 


I 


26 


I 


35 




12 


I 


47 


X 


FLORIDA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


973 


7,682 


204,634 


760 


1,373 


32.139 


734 


16,460 


1,537 


51,131 


1,662 


29,696 


1,616 


24,404 


Manufacturers' Salee Branches 






47,631 


23 


346 


9.914 


83 


3,110 


515 


19,145 


356 


7,592 


310 


6,064 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


19 


"UB 


5,008 


1 


32 


I 


6 


I 


77 


I 






2 


I 


Agents and Brokers 


111 


345 


11,767 


68 


132 


3.260 


18 


S67 


66 


2,025 


22 


507 


39 


743 


(Continued) 































Vol. V- Page no 



Establishments which rep( 



^BLE 3 A.-ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 
BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 

or week ending October 26, 1935, except where such period was 

In such cases one week of representative employment is given. 

irregular employment [or occasional months and those having no 



SOOTH ATLANTIC (Continued) 

OECROIA 

Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Ijanufacturers* Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 

MARYLAND 

Full-Service and Llmited-Fmiction 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



NORTH CAROLINA 

Full-Service and Llmited-Fimct 

:Vholasalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Officee 
Agents and Brokers 



llanuf acturera' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Salee Offices 
Agents and Brokers 

VIRGINIA 

Full-Service and Llmlted-Funct 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



WEST VIROINIA 

Full-Service and Llralted-Func 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



EAST I 



; CENTRAL 



ALABAMA 

F\ill-Servlca and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



Full-Service and LlMted-Functlon 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 

WEST SOOTH CENTRAL 






ers' Sales Branches 
ers' Sales Officee 



LOOTSIANA 

Pull-Service and Limited-Function 

Wholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Sales Officee 



♦260,101 
136, M9 
35,253 



201,159 
62,874 
12,782 
91,907 



184,319 
34,259 
8,046 
11,320 



222,303 
36,947 
11,009 



70,915 
8,301 
1,700 
3,655 



319,658 
108,659 
15,506 
53,260 



1239 , 595 
120,318 
24,205 
30,609 



13,184 
2,467 
31,405 



235,1 
49,260 
5,772 
46,559 



97,404 
12,174 
1,470 





























Vol. V - 


Page 111 




CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




TABLE 3B.- NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 










(Fig 


ures are 


for week ending October 26. 1935. 


except where such period was not represenlahve 














In 


uch cases o 


ne week ol repi 


esentative e 


mployment is give 












Establishments which reported .negu 


ar employment lor occasional months a 


nd those having 


o paid employees a 










Est 




analyzed 




Oll.ce 


and clerical 


Inside sellmg 


Outside selling 


wT 




Other 








Isee TabI 






employees 


employees 


employees 




ployees 
me only) 


employees 
(Full-time only) 




AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 




Full-time 




ol 


(Foil 


lime only) 


1 Full.„me only ) 


1 Full-lime only) 


(FuIm 






































employ- 


pay roll 






Pay roll 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 
lor week 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 










lor week- 




Number 


lor week 


Number 


lor week 


Number 


Number 


lor week 


Number 


lor week 




SOUTH AHJiBTIO (Continued) 
































GBORSIA 
































Full-Service and Limited-Function 
































WholesalerB 


952 


9,150 


♦239,595 


772 


1,723 


♦42.931 


703 


»17,171 


1,725 


»65,101 


1,630 


»26,786 


2,597 


»29,918 




Uanufacturers- Sales Branches 


219 


3,495 


120,318 




1,040 


29,258 


109 


4,835 


1,185 


56,361 


562 




531 


12,150 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


87 


576 


24,205 


10 


194 


5,175 


50 


1,319 


304 


16,157 






18 


792 




Agents and Brokers 


231 


927 


30,609 


116 


288 


8,868 


38 


1,310 


125 


4,960 


171 


4,314 


189 


2,690 




MAHILAHD 
































Full-Sorrlce and Limited-Function 
































Wholeaalers 


1,163 


9,390 


243,535 


637 


1,980 


43,204 


962 


24,158 


1,927 


64.168 


1,880 


33,640 


2,004 


35,398 




Manufacturero' Sales Branches 


130 


2,889 


92,352 


48 


632 


17,449 


107 


4,512 


739 


34,368 


297 




1,066 


24,423 




Manufacturers' Sales ft flees 


39 


271 


14,305 


6 


99 




13 




141 






■ „ 


12 




;;«ents and Brokers 


176 


677 


22,667 


95 


265 


6,854 


82 


2,414 


97 


4,672 


38 


602 


100 


1,519 




NORTH CAROLINA 
































FaU-Serrlce and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


990 


7,337 


186,033 


582 


1,176 


27,826 


885 


19,791 


1,429 


50,384 


1,170 


19,645 


2,095 


28,799 






146 


1,753 


59,736 


24 


434 


12,510 


73 


3,274 


567 


26,639 


378 


8,506 


277 


7,025 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


13 


291 


12,068 


2 


95 




39 




140 








15 






Agents and Brokers 


227 


1,791 


45.143 


80 


363 


11,029 


82 


3,941 


U2 


3,480 


460 


13,1^ 


694 


8,285 




SOUTH CAROLINA 
































Full -Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


475 


3,664 


92,084 


354 


645 


15,203 


376 


8,616 


759 


24,696 


674 


U,146 


856 


10,703 




Manufacturera' Sales Branches 




437 


13,184 


3 


92 


2,855 


11 


588 




5,547 


84 


1,904 


100 


2,127 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


10 




2,467 












43 














Agents and Brokers 


133 


1,641 


31.405 


71 200 


6,069 


99 


3,014 


42 


1,961 


432 


6.51^ 


797 


9,321 




VIRMNIA 
































Full-Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


873 


8,266 


235,153 


853 


1,421 


32,973 


698 


18,292 


1,639 


63,008 


1,507 


28,088 


2,148 


31,134 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


133 


1,567 


49,260 


37 


361 


10,609 


51 


1,812 


485 


19,726 


318 


6,947 


315 


7,454 






22 


147 


5,772 




14 




14 




106 














Agents and Brokers 






46,559 


159 


410 


12,003 


42 


1,648 


182 


5,793 


770 


14,379 


236 


2,374 




WEST TIHGINIA 
































Full-Servica and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


672 


5,822 


172,988 


500 


1,041 


26,057 


653 


15,483 


1,224 


50,384 


1.259 


25,605 


1,145 


22,514 




Honuf acturers ' Sales Branches 


84 


890 


31.632 


9 


208 


6,723 


31 


1,180 


321 


15,299 


178 


4,001 


149 


3,831 






u 


218 


7,966 


5 


151 








60 














Agents and Brokers 






9,547 


39 


76 


^ 


11 


X 




I 


39 


"l 


11 


'I 




KA3T SOUTH OHJTEU, 
































ALABAMA 
































Full -Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


609 


5,745 


149,595 


437 


1,061 


26,297 


556 


12,786 


1,098 


40,781 


1,102 


17,157 


1,491 


19,955 




Manufacturers' Ssles Branches 


98 


1,222 


37,285 


14 


269 




61 


2,209 


397 


16,573 


233 


4,649 


248 


5,269 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


27 


195 


7,982 


1 


48 


I 






109 








30 






Agents and Brokers 


111 


300 


8,371 


46 


118 


2,431 


15 


520 


46 


1,448 


15 


199 


60 


645 




KBjmjOEr 
































FuU -Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


867 


8,500 


206,118 


643 


1,452 


32,662 


761 


16,960 


1,608 


52,987 


1,886 


30,961 


2 150 


30 959 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


67 


857 


26,896 


7 




4,720 


25 


952 


326 


12,939 


179 


4,300 


'l42 


3,450 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


22 


180 


8,538 


— 


9 








115 








48 






Agents and Brokers 


165 


2,393 


44,587 


114 


407 


11,729 


90 


2,269 


120 


3,048 


939 


11.534 


723 


8,435 




MISSISSIPPI 
































Full-Service end Limited Function 
































Wholeaalers 


376 


2,914 


66,412 


233 


484 


11,308 


280 


6,204 


537 


17,770 


709 


9 521 


671 


8.174 






38 


298 


8,070 


2 






15 




92 




71 


' J 


58 






Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


4 


39 


1,679 


1 


1 


I 




X 


30 


X 




„ 




_f 




Agents and Brokers 


56 


142 


3,105 


12 


59 


^ 


' 


^ 




^ 


8 


^ 


49 


X 




Full -Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholeaalers 


995 


11,666 


306,455 


844 


2,317 


54,762 


1,040 


26,138 


2 412 


86,950 


2,442 


39,415 


2,611 


37,381 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


172 


2,993 


98,425 




650 


17,923 


119 


3,602 


l,'l76 


50,494 






458 


9,702 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


52 


335 


13,273 


8 




2,966 


22 


556 


178 


8,506 


„ 


' .. 




621 




Agents and Brokers 


326 


1,692 


50,345 


160 


477 


12,908 


U7 




186 


7,576 


300 


4,539 


452 


7,560 




WBST SOUTH CENTRAL 
































AHMNSAS 
































Pull-Servlco end Limited-Function 
































Wholesalers 


473 


3,835 


97,404 


275 


646 


14,926 


445 


10,970 


887 


30,781 


908 


13,993 


674 


9,865 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


42 


462 


12,174 


5 


92 


2,288 


19 


631 


128 


4,484 


111 


2,288 


107 


2.130 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


8 


37 


1,470 


2 










26 








2 






Agents and Brokers 






4,583 


19 


73 


I 


5 


X 


52 


I 


'7 


"i 


19 


I 




LOUISIANA 
































Pull-Service and Limited-Function 
































Wholeaalers 


946 


10,675 


287,896 


846 


2,402 


57,650 


854 


22,734 


2,123 


73,699 


2,246 


38,204 


2,204 


32,190 




Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


145 


2,488 


75,194 






15,018 


82 


3,512 


704 


29,670 


640 


13,430 


445 


10,094 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


39 


253 


U,167 


2 


83 




27 












14 






Agents and Brokers 


198 


723 


21,819 


U3 


310 


6,459 


29 


963 


86 


3.528 


44 


721 


141 


1,999 


(Continued) 1 































CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE 3-A. -ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 193S 




BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 












.F.gures are (or week 


ending October 26, 1935, except 


where such 












In s 


uch cases or 


e week of representativ 


e employme 


nt is give 












Eslablishmenis which report 


ed irregul 


r employment lor occasi 


nal months and ihos 


havmg n 


paid em 


ployees are r 


01 included, 
















l-s.ab,.hmen.. analyzed ir. 




analyzed 


AREA AND 

TYPE OF OPERATION 




Tola 


, all establish 


nenis 






Table 3B 




,n Table 3-B 1 


Number 
linhroenli 


1 Ful|.„n,e „nployee> 


Part..,me 


employees 


Number 

estab- 
lishments 


Full-bm 


employees 


Number 

ol 

estab- 

hshments 


FulLbm 




Number 


Pay roll 


Number 


Pay roll 




Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 


'.JEST SOUm CENTRAL (Continued) 
























OKLAHOffi. 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























•/molesalare 


984 


7,089 


4196,499 


644 


$6,485 


896 


6,003 


5168,043 


88 


1,086 


$28,456 


llanufacturers' Sales Branches 


135 


1,643 


56,023 


64 


808 


106 


1,428 


4S,928 


30 


215 


6,095 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


39 










37 


227 










Agents and Brokers 


120 


501 


15,023 


183 


1,266 


111 


450 


12,660 


9 


61 


2,363 


TEXAS 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























'.(liolosolBrs 


2,859 


28,485 


714,933 


2,942 




2,671 


26,359 




188 




57,126 


hianufacturers' Sales Branches 




6,734 


225,015 


237 


2I9I6 


446 


6,015 


201,147 


77 


719 


23,868 




155 


1,008 


38,068 


20 


269 


120 


660 


27,334 


35 


348 


10,734 


Agents and Brokers 


424 


1,511 


47,364 


242 


2,576 


412 


1,368 


43,666 


12 


143 


3,693 


hlOTOIIAIH 
























.IRlZOHi 
















































Vftolesalers 




1,523 


43,124 


140 


1,552 


211 


1,464 


41,588 






1,636 




39 




7,927 




259 


37 


216 


7,143 


2 


18 


784 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


5 


12 


5S4 


1 


33 


5 


12 


584 




— 




Agents and Brokers 


24 


61 


1,855 


10 


70 


23 


59 


1,740 


1 


2 


U5 


COLORADO 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 






162,284 




5,202 


611 


4,985 


139,738 


57 




22,546 




135 


1,574 


59,108 


51 


484 


116 


1,309 


48,914 


19 


265 


10,194 


l/ianufacturers' Sales Offices 


47 


312 


11,315 


2 


5 




244 


9,149 


10 




2,166 


Agents and Brokers 


132 


535 


20,360 


119 




124 








43 




IDAHO 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 


























195 


1,377 


37,979 


173 


2,076 


179 


1,164 


32,693 


16 


213 


5,286 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


29 


114 


3,906 


13 


144 


27 


109 


3,732 


2 


5 


174 


IJanufacturers' Sales Offices 


1 


5 




















Agents and Brokers 






1,264 


137 


1,612 


15 


42 


1,084 


1 


* 


180 


MONTANA 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


227 


2,129 


65,135 


144 


2,073 


211 


1,866 


58,992 


16 


263 


6,143 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




449 


14,942 


25 
















lianufacturers' Sales Offices 


4 


15 








3 


12 


'474 


1 


3 


100 


Agents and Brokers 


34 


77 


3,319 


31 


81 


31 


71 


3,147 


3 


6 


172 


HETADA 
























Full-Service and Llmited-Punotion 
























^olesalers 


67 


366 


12,193 


45 










U 






Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




20 


673 






7 


20 


673 








Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


— 








— 








— 


— 




Agents and Brokers 


2 


3 


44 


— 


— 


2 


3 


44 


— 


— 


— 


NE.v incaco 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 


























132 




28,642 


37 


446 


122 


815 


24,183 


10 


159 


4,459 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


13 


46 


1,466 


3 


28 


10 


36 


1,123 


3 


10 


343 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


3 


1 


40 


2 


101 


3 


1 


40 


— 


— 


— 


Agents and Brokers 


3 


20 


874 




102 


5 


20 


874 


— 


— 


— 


DIAE 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























■Sholeaalare 


343 


3,210 


96,196 


262 


3.046 


327 


3,008 


89,282 


16 


202 


6,914 


Kanufacturere' Sales Branches 


70 


875 


28,815 


36 


422 


63 


825 


27,497 


7 


60 


1,318 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


23 


155 






16 






3,954 


2 




1,382 


Agents and Brokers 




251 


8',746 


66 


812 


66 


236 


8,114 


' 


15 


632 


WTOima 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


82 


468 


14,046 


47 


519 


71 


387 


12,230 


11 


81 


1,816 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


13 


61 


1,949 


6 


76 


11 


54 


1,693 






256 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


1 


1 














1 


1 




Agents and Brokers 




11 


279 


11 


46 




11 










(Continued) 

















































Vol V - 


Page lis 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




TABLE 3B.-NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 










(FiguFM are 


ioi week 


ending October 26 


1935. 


excepi whe 


re such 




presentadve 














In s 


uch cases one week 


of representative e 


nploym 


nl IS give 


. 
















ccasiona 


1 months a 


nd Ihos 


e having n 


o paid employees 


ire not 


nciuded.) 










analyzed 




Ollice 


and clerical 


n^ 


e ,e|l,„g 


Ou.side selling 


w7 


elinuse 


Other 






s« Table 


3.A) 


Number 








ployees 




ployees 


employees 


employees 


AREA AND 




Full.hnic 


Full.l.me 




IFuir 


ime onlyl 


(FdU 


me onlyl 


(Full 


ime only) 


( Full- 


me only) 


(Full.t 


me onlyl 


TYPE OF OPERATION 






























employ. 


pay roll 






Pay roll 




Pay roil 




Pay roll 








Pay roll 










"""" 






Number 




Numhe, 




Number 


lo, week 


Number 


lor week 


WEST 30DTE CENTRAL (Continued) 






























OnjEOUA 






























Full-Service and Llmlted-Tunotlon 






























Wholesalers 


896 


6,003 


$168,043 


394 


1,111 


S28,416 


616 


tl5,861 


1,437 


*52,002 


1,306 


$23,767 


1,139 


J21,503 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 








34 










491 


21,412 


263 


6,440 


240 


6,423 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


37 


227 


8.409 




85 


I 


21 


I 


116 








3 




Agents and Brokers 


111 


450 


12,660 


40 


148 


3,176 


26 


690 


128 


4,166 


19 


394 


89 


1,430 


TEXAS 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


S,671 


26,359 


657,807 


1,596 


4,718 


118,060 


2,065 


51,378 


5,192 


179,690 


4,737 


83,719 


8,061 


101,888 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


446 


6,015 


201,147 


136 


1,522 


41,902 


222 


8,360 


1,972 


89,380 


1,253 


26,904 


910 


23,261 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


120 


660 


27,334 


17 


218 


5,328 


42 


1,011 


335 


17,918 






48 


1,699 


Agents and Brokers 


412 


1,36B 


43,666 


180 




13,572 




1,921 


291 


11,437 


79 


1,355 


203 


3,663 


Momn-AM 






























ARIZONA 






























Full-Serrlce end Limited-Function 






























Viholesalers 


811 


1,464 


41,588 


113 


267 


7,030 


192 


4,795 


248 


8,399 


258 


5,234 


386 


8,576 




37 


216 


7,143 


11 


40 


I 


14 


I 


74 




40 


I 


37 


I 




5 


12 


584 




2 








10 












Agents and Brokers 


23 


59 


1,740 


3 


21 


» 


4 


^ 


14 




8 


^ 


9 


^ 


COLORADO 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


611 


4,985 


139,738 


444 


1,138 


26,305 


420 


10,094 


976 


35,126 


1,048 


19,808 


959 


19,576 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


116 


1,309 


48,914 


40 


422 


12,417 


44 


1,507 


465 


21,953 


219 


6,505 


119 


3,559 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


37 


244 


9,149 




82 








121 








11 




Agents and Brokers 


124 




18,528 


82 


167 


3,879 


26 


969 


106 


4,974 


32 


724 


79 


2,295 


IDAEO 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Kholesslera 


179 


1,164 


32,693 


100 


201 


5,120 


128 


3,171 


172 


5,855 


340 


7,785 


223 


4,737 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




109 


3,732 




24 




5 


X 


38 




20 


I 


19 




Msmifacturers' Sales Offices 


1 




197 


— 










5 












Agents and Brokers 


15 


42 


1,084 


5 


14 


^ 


1 


^ 


5 


I 


^ 


^ 


" 


^ 


ICNTANA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


211 


1,S66 


58,992 




396 


9,713 


266 


7,356 


364 


13,338 


380 


8,948 


275 


7,042 


Manufecturers' Sales Branches 


47 


438 


14,447 


12 


110 


2,967 




376 


1£6 


5,553 


74 


1,966 


107 


2,499 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




12 










2 
















Agents and Brokers 


31 


71 


3,147 


27 


26 


I 


— 




12 




3 


I 


3 


I 


NETADA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


56 


301 


10,008 


31 


68 


2,115 


27 


911 




2,038 


49 


1,307 


66 


1,624 




7 






„ 


3 


I 


2 


I 


8 




6 


I 


2 


X 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 








— 


— 


— 


— 




— 












Agents and Brokers 


2 


3 


44 


~ 


1 


I 


~ 




~ 


— 


— 


— 


2 


^ 


NEW MEXICO 






























Full-Service end Ltmlted-Funotlon 






























Wholesalers 


122 


815 


24,183 


51 


151 


4,000 


129 


3,309 


156 


5,778 


216 


4,421 


112 


2,267 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


10 


36 








I 




I 








I 






Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


3 


1 


' 40 




— 


— 


— 




1 




— 




— 


— 


Agents and Brokers 


9 


20 


874 


7 


6 


i 




— 


7 




— 








DTAE 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


327 


3,008 


89,282 


265 


703 


16,710 


290 


7,439 


620 


24,181 


708 


14,630 


422 


9,353 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


63 




27,497 




267 


6,801 


25 


746 


226 


9,948 


141 


3,426 


128 


3,510 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


21 


107 


3,964 




43 




13 
















Agents and Brokers 






8,114 


34 




^ 




^ 


48 




44 


^ 


25 


"= 


WTOMIMG 

Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


71 


387 


12,230 


27 


70 


1,910 


30 


1,010 


87 


3,358 


95 


2,159 


78 


2,056 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


11 




1,693 


— 


17 




— 


— 


12 




13 


X 


12 


I 


MBJlufacturers' Sales Offices 


— 


— 


-- 






— 




— 


— 


— 




— 


— 




Agents and Brokers 


* 


11 


279 


5 


' 


^ 






1 






^ 




^ 


(Continued) 































TABLE 3.A. -ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 

BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 
re (or week ending October 26, 1935, except where such period was 



Establishments which reported i 



Full-time employees 



PAEIFIO 

CiLIFOEHIA 

Full-Service and Limited-Function 

Jbolesalera 
Manufacturers' Sales Branohes 
Uanufacturere' Sales Offices 
iigents and Brokere 



rull-Senrlce and Lljnitad-Punctlo: 

iHiolesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branclies 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
Agents and Brokers 



56,568 
16,547 
2,150 



$1,621,240 
583, £00 
66,726 
136,081 



♦150,600 
58,407 
27,935 



Full-Senrlce and Limited-Function 

Jholesalers 
Manufacturers' Sales Branches 
Manufacturers' Sales Offices 
^ents and Brokers 



380,125 
112,479 
11,971 
40,530 



























VoL V - Page 115 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS TABLE 3-B. NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL TIME EMPLOYEES 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 






(Figures are for week ending October 26, 1935, 


except where such period wa 


not representative 






In such cases one week ol representative employment is give 








Establishments which reported irregular employment lor occas.ona 


months and those having n 


paid employees a 


re not included.) 






1 Est.bl,.hn,ents >naly.«l 




Ollice 


nd clerical 


Inside selling 


Outside selling 




Other 




(«^ T.ble 3-A) 


Number 




ployees 


employees 


employees 


employees 




AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 


Number 


Full.time 
employ. 


Full-I.mc 
pay roll 


eXMU- 


iFuT 


ime onlyl 


(Full-.ime only) 


(FulUime onlyl 




IFulMmiT'onlyl 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 




Pay roll 






ees 


lor weak- 


lives" • 


Number 




Number 


lor week 


Number 


lor week 


Number 




Number 


lor week 


PAOIFIO 






























CMJIOEWA 






























Full-serrloe and Llmlted-Punctlon 






























Bholeealers 


6,884 


51,355 


H,621,240 


3,143 


11,216 


»300,334 


5,300 


tl58,035 


10,826 


»395,907 


10,210 


»239,417 


10,660 


»258,068 


ManuTacturers' Sales Brancheo 






583,200 


390 


4,314 






24,579 






2,602 


67,047 


1,998 


59,162 




226 


1,490 


66,726 


36 


514 


13,382 


129 


4,771 


678 


40,817 






133 


3,801 


iigsnts and Brokers 


1,036 


3,546 


136,081 


407 


1,417 


36,869 


303 


10,946 


821 


37,198 


212 


4,624 


386 




OREGON 

FuU-Ssrvice and LlMtod-Fimctlon 






























■holesalera 


664 


5,552 


175,434 


468 


1,298 


33,870 


648 


15,909 


1,109 


40,833 


1,303 


30,230 


826 


21,096 


Manufacturers' Saies Branohoa 


141 


1,790 


68,296 


39 


524 


16,148 


69 


3,691 


647 


28,320 


313 


8,195 


298 


9,578 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


24 


109 


4,214 




43 








46 








5 




Jlgents and Brokers 


115 


398 


15,253 


69 


163 


4,447 


20 


526 


98 


4,020 


26 


672 




694 


HASHHGTON 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


1,245 


11,011 


361,882 


913 


2,505 


64,691 


1,076 


30,453 


2,010 


80,248 


2,391 


54,948 


2,116 


69,031 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


249 


2,917 


104,859 


58 


763 


21,186 


160 


5,711 


1,003 


47,660 


583 


14,835 


360 


10,400 








7,859 




67 




10 


J 


108 








2 




Agents and Brokers 


290 


950 


38,668 


171 


442 


12,671 




1,802 




6,631 


42 


1,044 


84 


2,302 





Vol. V - Page 116 
























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE 3 


A.-ANALYSIS OF WEEKLY EMPLOYMENT AND PAY ROLL 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION; 1935 




BY SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 












(Figures ar 


lor week 


ending Oc 


ober 26, 1935, except 


where such 


period wa 


s not representative. 










In s 


uch cases one week of representative employm 


nt is given. 












nt lor occasional months and those having 


o paid employees are 


ot included.) 








To.. 






E.l.bl..kment. a 


alyzed io 


Eatablishmenl, no 


t analysed 


AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 




, all eslabluhmemj 






Table 3 


B 




, m Table 3-B 


Numbe, 
eslab- 


Full-tinif 








Number 
lishmenB 


FulLlim 


employees 


Number 
ol 
estab- 


FulLbm 




Number 


Pa, roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 
lor week 


Number 


Pay roll 




Pay roll 
lor week 


BALTmORE, mRYLmi 
























Full-Service and Llmltsd-Fmiotlon 
























Wholesalers 


1,043 


9,693 


$257,125 


593 


*6.416 


930 


8,106 


$213,662 


113 


1,588 


»43,463 


Uanufacturers' Sales Branches 


126 




100,316 


121 


2,017 


107 


2,703 


86,941 


19 




13,377 






'371 


19,370 










14,076 


10 


106 


5,294 


Agents and Brokers 


172 


616 


21,666 


58 


553 


154 


549 


19,105 








BOSTON, UAESACHUSETIB 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


1,823 


20,589 


693,470 


909 


13.741 


1,741 


18,976 


646,639 


82 


1,613 


47,931 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 






2881928 


116 


1.465 


292 


5,397 


210,498 




1,486 


78,430 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


187 


11553 


71,325 


8 


138 


162 


1,236 


56,695 


25 


318 


14,630 


Agents and Brokers 


496 




81,616 


110 


1,389 


481 


1,760 


73,083 


14 


170 


8,432 


BUFFALO, NEW 1DHK 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


520 


5,719 


171,887 


286 


4,640 


494 


6,346 


159,966 


26 


373 


11,921 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


114 


1,899 


69,467 


101 


1,438 


94 


1,620 


59,812 


20 


279 


9,655 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




503 


19,901 


6 


178 


62 


426 


16,968 


10 




2,943 


Agents and Brokers 


101 


426 
















11 


540 


OHIOAGO, ILLINOIS 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























molesalers 


3,653 


60,307 


1,650,982 


2.506 


37,991 


3,448 


46,672 


1,519,905 


205 


3,635 


131,077 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


695 


20,391 


839,652 


416 


6,609 


628 


18,226 


750,281 


67 


2,165 


89,371 




396 




261,274 














1,148 


49,554 


Agents and Brokers 


1,000 


4|879 


216,177 


428 


7;762 


971 


4; 721 


2081949 


29 


168 


7,228 


CLEVELAND, OHIO 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


1,191 


13.097 


428,223 


712 


8,181 


1,123 


11,434 


374,452 


6S 


1,663 


53,771 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


228 


5,075 


204,306 


130 


2,803 


206 


4,094 


163,911 


23 


981 


40,395 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


167 


1.136 


59,556 










51,488 


25 


172 




Agents and Brokers 


284 


1,224 


56,957 


153 


1,849 


279 


1,199 


54,627 


5 


26 


1,'330 


DETOOIT, MICHIGAN 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


1.407 


16,011 


473.632 


1.139 


14,350 


1,325 


13,716 


436,948 


82 


1,295 


36,684 








181,965 










166,671 


25 


399 


15,294 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


156 


l|026 


66,952 


9 


'l55 


136 


'864 


49,482 


20 


162 


7,470 


Agents and Brokers 


288 


1,073 


48,583 


134 


1,780 


281 


1,051 


47,944 


' 


19 


639 


LOS ANGELES, OALLFOENIA 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























WholesBlers 


2,246 


23,323 


706,836 


1.617 


22,184 


2,143 


21,692 


667,408 


103 


1,731 


49,428 


Manufacturers' Seles Branches 


371 


6,043 


229,549 


180 


2,746 






210,394 


38 


504 


19,155 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


109 


741 


31,547 


5 


124 


91 


'470 


21,097 






10,450 


Agents end Brokers 










2,058 


460 


1,671 


60,687 


11 


118 


4,331 


MILWAUKEE, WISCONSm 
















































Wholesalers 


711 


8.066 


249,021 


519 


6,007 


679 


7,446 


230,395 


32 


620 


18,626 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


113 


2.732 


88.031 


32 


400 


99 


1,908 


64,125 


14 


824 


23,906 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




363 


14,226 


10 


353 


45 


266 


10,867 






3,369 


Agents and Brokers 


165 


639 


24,373 


111 




157 


568 


21,967 


8 


71 


2,406 


m:ii YORK ciTir 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Viholesalers 


13,665 


127,969 


4,776,064 


4.813 


73,031 


12,936 


116,362 


4,348,948 


729 


11,607 


427,116 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


1,095 


39,736 


1,669,391 


383 


8,426 


1,004 


35,068 


1,485,943 


91 


4,667 


183,448 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




11,928 


642,996 


182 


4,701 


638 


10,130 


557,420 


71 


1,798 


85,576 


Agents and Brokers 


2,984 




902,576 


843 


13.646 


2,840 


16,818 


799,127 


144 


2,012 


103,449 


HOLADEmtlA, PENHSYLTAOTA 
























Pull-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


2,335 


21,961 


712,716 


1,276 


17,575 


2,188 


19,882 


646,163 


147 


2,079 


67,563 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


337 


8,433 


333,277 


190 


2.742 


295 


7,179 


284,043 


42 


1,254 


49,234 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




1,935 




36 


580 


199 


1,460 


71,552 


34 


475 


20,826 


Agents and Brokers 


550 


2,216 


94^217 


261 


3.864 






80,168 


16 


237 


14,049 


pirrsBnHGH, fennsuvania 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


834 


9,176 


283,147 


468 


5,635 


766 


8,036 


246,617 


68 


1,139 


36,530 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 










693 


174 


3,699 


141,786 


16 


370 


14,910 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


131 


l|l77 


59 1 085 




63 


109 


821 


40,469 


22 


366 


18,616 


Agents and Brokers 


198 




36,057 


97 


1,409 


184 


750 


34,489 


14 


42 


1,568 


ST. LOUIS, MISSOORI 
























Full -Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


1.161 


18,477 


547,923 


682 


8,546 


1,078 


16,252 


490,179 


83 


2,225 


57,744 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


231 


8,837 


323,186 


140 




210 




298,457 


21 


896 


24,729 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


122 


1,000 


45,193 


16 


'sii 


100 


'672 


30,516 


22 


328 


14,677 


Agents and Brokers 


334 


1,074 


42,488 


107 


1,501 


320 


996 


39,395 


14 


78 


3,093 


SAN lEAHCISCO, CALIFOHNIA 
























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
























Wholesalers 


1,508 


17,049 


595,150 


936 


15,742 


1,425 


15,527 


544,786 


83 


1,522 


50,364 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


386 


7,362 


298,227 


224 


3,365 


345 


6,455 


263,308 


41 


907 


34,919 


Banuracturera' Salsa Offices 


135 


1,124 


61,996 


19 


422 


111 


872 


38,993 


24 


252 


13,003 


J^gents and Brokers 


429 


1,729 


67.069 


179 


2,410 


417 


1,597 


61,629 


12 


132 


5,440 



























Vo 


V - Page 117 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


TABLE 3 B. NUMBER AND PAY ROLL OF FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES 












WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


ANALYZED BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR SELECTED TYPES OF OPERATION 










(Figures are lo, week 


ending October 26 


1935. except whe 


e such 


period was not representative 












In s 


uch cases on 


e week 


ol representative e 


rploynne 


nt IS given. 












EstablishmenU which 




r employme 


nl lor 


ccasional months a 




nrployees a 


,e not included.) 










analyzed 




Oll.ce and clerical 




selling 




War 


ehouse 


Olher 




(se<. T.bit 


3-Al 


Numbe, 


employees 


employees 


Outs^e sellin. 


ployees 


employees 


employees 


AREA AND 
TYPE OF OPERATION 


Number 


Full-liine 


Full-l.me 
pay roll 


exelu- 


(Full lime onlyl 


1 Full-l 


me oniyi 


( Full- 


me only! 


( Full-l 


me only) 






Pay roll 




P II 




P II 




P., roll 




Pay roll 












Number 




Numbe. 






lo, week 


Number 




Number 








ees 


lor week- 






lo. week 




" 






lo. week 




lo. wee 


BALIOMOHE, llAEYLAHD 






























Full-Serrioe and Limited-Function 






























Wliolesalera 


930 


8,106 


$213,662 


557 


1,780 


$33,678 


846 


$21,384 


1,603 


$55,397 


1,616 


$39,665 


1,704 


130,310 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


107 




86,941 






16,579 


98 


4,161 




32,233 


274 


6,495 


1,011 


33,381 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




'255 




I 


I 




X 




X 












Agents and Brokers 


154 


549 


19! 105 


81 


199 


5,316 


71 


1,910 


92 


4,487 


34 


531 


72 


1,248 


BOSTON, MASSACHUSETIS 




























































Wholesalers 


1,741 


18,976 


645,539 


1,771 


4,470 


111,851 


2,282 


68,345 


3,485 


143,241 


3,647 


89,273 


3,321 


78,403 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


293 


5,397 


210,498 


90 


1,576 


44,841 


282 


11,928 


1,810 


97,398 


917 


23,112 


722 


30,403 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


162 


1,235 


56,695 


33 


511 


14,605 


86 


3,604 


558 


32,158 






48 


3,132 


Agents and Brokers 


481 


1,760 


73,083 


270 


692 


16,661 


145 


6,254 


458 


30,649 


84 


2,104 


111 


3,896 


BUiTALO, NEW YORK 






























Full-Service and Limlted-Funotion 






























Wholesalers 


494 


5,346 


159,966 


465 


1,215 


27,586 


402 


10,866 


1,005 


35,984 


1,064 


23,001 


1,195 


37,876 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 






59,812 




486 


14,312 


57 


2,897 


670 


37,492 


292 


7,691 


193 


5,556 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


62 


'426 


16,958 


10 


194 


4,497 


27 


920 


180 


9,782 






15 


680 


Agents and Brokers 


98 


415 


16,928 


81 


148 


3,620 


48 


3,177 


69 


3,290 


35 


830 


34 


944 


CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


3,448 


46,672 


1,519,905 


3,462 




302,797 


3,591 


111,518 


8,952 


374,399 


9,798 


209,382 


8,979 


304,090 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


628 


18,226 


750,281 


337 


5i933 


175,718 




34,165 


5,763 


333,566 


3,231 


87,409 


2,153 




Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


340 


4,309 


211,720 




1,936 


60,982 


178 




1,806 


109,389 








9)378 


Agents and Brokers 




4,721 




695 


1,899 


53,037 


402 


iei378 


1,068 


53,886 


155 


3,964 


502 


14,741 


OLEVELAND, OHIO 






























Full-Service and Liiiited-Functlon 






























Vfliolesalers 


1,123 


11 434 


374,452 


1,054 


2,467 


61,345 


784 


23,739 


2,442 


104,190 


2,710 


60,881 


1,977 


44,491 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


205 


4.094 


163,911 


130 


1,288 


38,690 


142 


6,012 


1,395 


73,333 


574 


14,838 


566 


17,730 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


142 


964 


51,488 


59 


336 


9,729 


60 




469 


37,874 






50 


1,678 


Agents and Brokers 


279 


1,199 


54,627 


186 


454 


11,840 




31603 


301 


14,666 


83 


2,274 


85 




DETEOIT, MICHIGAN 






























Full-Service end Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


1,325 


13,716 


436,948 


1,037 


2,858 


72,682 


1,226 


33,424 


2,648 


115,374 


3,005 


67,493 


2,943 


65,096 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


211 


4,077 


166,671 






37,834 


200 


8,083 


1,635 


82,443 


707 


19,619 


442 


13,631 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 




864 


49,482 


22 


'299 


10,664 


73 


3,599 


415 


30,725 






55 


2,193 


Agents and Brokers 


281 


1,054 


47,944 


136 


372 


9,608 


46 


2,174 


293 


16,628 


104 


3,740 


113 


2,940 


LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 






























Full-Service end Limited-Function 
































2,143 


21,592 


657,408 


1,322 


4,473 


117,325 


2,163 


64,605 


4,640 


161,994 


4,379 


98,212 


4,616 


102,225 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




5,539 




141 


1,508 


43,213 








97,958 


990 


25,192 


792 


21,328 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


91 


470 


2l!o97 


10 


156 


4,081 


40 


1)217 


'224 


13,697 






40 


1,273 


Agents and Brokers 


460 


1,571 


60,587 


192 


536 


13,068 


174 


5,985 


397 


17,147 


100 


2,008 


172 


4,362 


laLWADKEE, "aSCONSIN 






























Full-Service and Limited-Funetlon 






























Wholesalers 


679 


7,446 


230,395 


876 


1,561 


35,383 


603 


14,003 


1,633 


55,792 


1,430 


32,106 


1,543 


35,206 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




1,908 


64,125 


125 


581 


13,607 


100 


3,864 


529 


34,968 


333 


8,444 


241 






45 


266 


10,857 






















I 


Agents and Brokers 






21,967 


129 


171 


3,976 


32 


1,067 


96 


3,601 


37 


486 


113 


3,061 


NEW YORK CITY 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























;Vholesalers 


12,936 


U6,362 


4,348,948 


13,648 


33,198 


875,253 


8,833 


308,910 


21,756 


973,876 


18,133 


433,546 


20,816 


622,933 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


1,004 




1,485,943 








1,649 


77,133 


10,874 


563,558 


4,549 


121,338 


4,492 


139,816 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


638 


10 [ 130 


557,420 


'634 


4', 559 


148^292 


410 


25,360 


3,506 


242,086 






1,031 


38,373 


Agents and Brokers 


2,840 


16,818 


799,127 


2,390 


8,472 


237,533 


1,025 


56,245 


3,456 


194,069 


523 


13,287 


952 


27,985 
































Full-Serrice and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


2,188 


19,882 


645,163 


1,679 


4,765 


117,385 


1,890 


62,538 


3,917 


179,049 


3,558 


77,400 


4,073 


87,723 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


295 


7,179 


284,043 


108 


2,093 


62,430 


403 


16,422 


2,619 


134,834 




38,433 






Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


199 


1,460 


71,552 


49 


460 


13,464 


121 


5,549 




43,734 


— 




45 


1,658 


Agents and Brokers 


















417 


20,148 


131 


3,183 


136 


2,923 


PIllBBDEGH, PENNSYLVANU 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


766 


8,036 


245,617 


623 


1,932 


45,308 


844 


24,815 


1,661 


63,574 


1,708 


36,954 


1,368 


28.832 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 




3,699 


141,786 










7,971 


1,243 


64,591 


669 


17,710 


531 


14,280 




109 


821 


40,469 


14 


'335 


11^410 


47 


1,447 


393 


25,094 






32 


1,234 


Agsnts and Brokers 


184 


750 


34,489 


104 


301 


8,409 


42 


1,832 


180 


8,748 


82 


1,756 


41 


1,191 


ST. LOUIS, mSSODRI 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 
































1,078 


16,252 


490,179 


1,208 


3,895 


93,083 


1,262 


36,569 


3,156 


118,403 


3,503 


71,121 


3,239 


69,366 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


210 


7,941 


898,457 


127 


2,757 


73,269 


197 


8,401 


3,768 


148,864 


1,590 


39,042 


602 


14,590 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


100 


672 


30,516 


11 


223 


6,727 


47 


1,573 


349 


20,148 


— 




42 


1,240 


Agents and Brokers 


320 


996 


39,395 


190 


374 


8,877 


86 


2,852 


312 


9,570 


71 


1,697 


63 


1,271 


SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 






























Full-Service and Limited-Function 






























Wholesalers 


1,425 


15,527 


544,786 


1,040 


4,399 


121,951 


1,428 


46,244 


3,044 


128,013 


3,097 


77,575 


2,519 


69,614 


Manufacturers' Sales Branches 


345 


6,455 


263,308 


158 


2,170 


65,988 




11,538 


2,170 


117,736 


1,033 


26,355 


697 


20,996 


Manufacturers' Sales Offices 


111 








328 


8,506 




3,464 


359 








74 


3,038 


Agents and Brokers 


417 


1,597 


5lU29 


175 


744 


20,001 


103 


4,154 


332 


15)907 


98 


2,321 


145 


3,876 



.:^r 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin. Director 



Ah-^ 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

VOLUME VI 



BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 

AND 

ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 



WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 
AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS ONLY 




MM 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



Daniel C. Roper, Secretary 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin, Director 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS: 1935 

Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician 
William A. Ruff, Assistant 



This is one of a series of final volumes on Wholesale Distribution, 
part of the Census of Business. This volume is in three sections. In 
Section One, a brief analysis of the data is given together with a 
description of terms, methods of classification and a tabular summary 
(Table 1) of wholesale trade of the United States. Section Two (Table 4) 
analyzes net sales and operating expenses of wholesale merchants and indus- 
trial distributors, for the various kinds of business, by business size 
groups. In Section Three (Table 5) total operating expenses of wholesale 
merchants and industrial distributors are analyzed to show administrative, 
selling, delivery, warehouse, occupancy and other expenses separately. 
The data are presented by kinds of business, and are limited to establish- 
ments with sales of more than $100,000, 

The statistics were collected in 1936 by a field canvass of whole- 
sale establishments in every State, city and county in the United States, 
by the Bureau of the Census, with funds provided by the Works Progress 
Administration. They cover the operations of wholesalers during the 
year 1935. 

Section Two of this volume corresponds in part to Table 7 (Wholesale 
Volumes I to VII) of the 1933 Census of American Business and to Table 11 
(Distribution Volume II) of the Fifteenth Census of the United States (1929) 

Wholesale trade reports are prepared under the supervision of John Guernsey, Distribution 
Economist for the Census Bureau, by John Albright, assisted by Dr. Albert Haring, Edwin P. Slabaugh 
and John J. Lennon. 






Vol. VI - Page 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



ARRANGEMENT AND CONTENTS OF VOLUMES 



Volume I - Summari[ for the United States. Contains national summaries 
of the tabular data presented in the other volumes in detail; a description 
of the Wholesale Census, explanations of terms, classifications and tables; 
and an analysis of Wholesale Trade for 1935. 

It also contains new matter not treated in greater detail elsewhere, 
including a section on legal form of organization, showing the basic data 
for individual proprietorships, partnerships, corporations and "other 
forms" separately by types of operation and kinds of business; an analysis 
of multi-unit wholesalers showing the number of establishments, net sales, 
expenses, employees and pay roll by ownership groups; and a summary of 
the number and nature of establishments owned by Negro proprietors. 

Volume II - States and 25 Selected Cities. Presents number of 
establishments, net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks 
for each State and for each of 25 selected wholesale trade centers 
(Table 1). The data are analyzed by types of operation and by kinds 
of business. 

Volume III - Cities and Counties. Presents number of establishments, 
net sales, personnel and pay roll for each city of more than 5,000 popula- 
tion and for each county (Table 13). The data are analyzed by types of 
operation and by kinds of business for cities of more than 50,000 popula- 
tion (Table 12A) and by kinds of business for cities of 20,000 to 50,000 
population (Table 12B) . 

Volume IV - Kinds of Business of Full-Service and Limited-Function 
llVholesal e r s , B^ States. Presents, by States, the number of establishments, 
net sales, expenses, personnel, pay roll and stocks for each of 29 kinds- 
of-business groups (Table lA). In a separate section number of establish- 
ments, net sales, proprietors, employees and total pay roll are shown for 
142 kinds of business, by States (Table IB). 

Yoluis Y - EmploYmeni §11^ Pay Roll. 

a. Monthly employment data by kinds of business (Table 2). 

b. Analysis of employment and pay roll by occupational 
groups (executive, office and clerical, selling, etc.) for a representa- 
tive week of 1935 (Table 3). 



Volume VI - Business Size Groups and Anal^^sis of Oeerating ExEenses: 

a. Number of establishments, net sales and operating expenses 
of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by business size 
groups and kinds of business (Table 4). 

b. Functional division of operating expenses (administrative, 
selling, etc.) of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, by 
kinds of business (Table 5). 



Volume VII - Credit Sales and Sales bY_C lasses of Customers: 

a. Credit business of full-service and limited-function whole- 
salers and of manufacturers sales branches, by kinds of business (Table 6) 

b. Business of wholesale establishments analyzed to show sales 
to retailers, to industrial users, to household consumers, to other whole- 
sale organizations and sales for export separately (Table 7). The data 
are presented by types of operation and kinds of business. 



Volume yill - Commodity Sales: Analysis of sales of wholesale 
establishments by commodities or lines of merchandise (Table 8). Data £ 
shown for 100 major commodity lines, many of which are subdivided 
into detailed commodity items. In this volume the relative importance 
of the various commodities is shown for each of the 29 kind-of-business 
groups 

Special Subject Reports: Special reports will be issued in which 
the available Census data are assembled and analyzed. Among those in 
preparation, the completion of which is subject to the limitations of 
time and budget, are: 



Cooperative and Voluntary Group Wholesaling (Grocery Trade; 

Drug Wholesaling 

Electrical Wholesaling 

Tobacco Wholesaling 

Wholesaling of Wines and Liquors 

Wholesaling of Tires and Tubes 



Vol. VI - Page 5 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
VOLUME VI 



BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS AND ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 



CONTENTS AND INDEX 



SECTION ONE 

TEXT Page 

Business Size Groups: 

Sales of large establishments dominate 7 

Expense ratio decreases as size increases 8 

Analysis of Operating Expenses: 

Grocery trade analyzed 12 

Industrial distributors analyzed 13 

Description of Terms: 

Number of establishments 14 

Net sales 14 

Business size groups 14 

Operating expenses ( total ) 14 

Administrative expenses 14 

Selling expenses 15 

Delivery expenses 15 

Warehouse expenses 15 

Occupancy expenses 15 

Other expenses 15 

Types of Operation Defined: 

Wholesale merchants 15 

Industrial distributors 16 

Kinds of Business 16 

CHARTS 

Chart I - Establishments and Sales of Wholesale Merchants and 

Industrial Distributors by Business-Size Groups 9 

Chart II - Ratio of Operating Expenses to Net Sales by Business- 
Size Groups, Wholesale Merchants and Industrial 
Distributors Combined 11 

TABLE 

Table 1 - Presenting in summary for the United States the number of 

establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, pay 

roll and stocks 17 



Vol. VI - Page 6 



SECTION TWO 



TABLE 4. --SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS - This table 
presents the number of establishments, net sales and operating expenses 
for the various kinds of business of wholesale merchants and industrial 
distributors by business-size groups. Data are shown in summary for 
the United States by kinds of business in detail, followed by an 
analysis by areas of the 29 kind-of-business groups. For index to 
Table 4, see Page 31. 



SECTION THREE 



TABLE 5. --ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES BY FUNCTIONAL DIVISION 
In this section the operating expenses of wholesale merchants and 
industrial distributors whose sales in 1935 exceeded $100,000 are 
analyzed to show administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, 
occupancy and other expenses separately. Data are presented for 
142 kinds of business in summary for the United States, and for 100 
more or less homogeneous kind of business by areas. For index to 
Table 5, see Page 70. 



Vol. VI - Page 7 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



VOLUME VI 



BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 

AND 

ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 



This volume, which presents for wholesale merchants and industrial 
distributors combined, net sales and total operating expenses by busi- 
ness-size groups and a functional analysis of operating expenses, is in 
three parts. In Section One, a brief analysis of the data is given to- 
gether with an explanation of terms and methods of classification and a 
tabular summary (Table 1) of the Wholesale Trade data of tho United 
States. Section Two (Table 4) analyzes net sales and total operating 
expenses for the various kinds of business of wholesale merchants and in- 
dustrial distributors by business-size groups. In Section Three (Table 5) 
total operating expenses of these types of establishments are analyzed to 
show administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, occupancy and other 
expenses separately. The data are presented by kinds of business for es- 
tablishments whose sales in 1935 exceeded $100,000. 

The data in this volume are limited to wholesale merchants and 
industrial distributors. The importance of these two as compared with 
other types of wholesale establishments is apparent from a study of Table 
1, Page 17. These types were selected because of their similarity and 
because one or both are found in every line of trade. Together they 
account for approximately 45 percent of the number and 35 percent of the 
sales of all wholesale establishments. 



SECTION ONE 



BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS 



SALES OF LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS DOMINATE. --Of the 79,333 wholesale mer- 
chant and industrial distributor establishments in the United States, 2,357 
or 3.0 percent reported sales of $1,000,000 or over for the year 1935. The 
sales of these million-dollar establishments amounted to $5,490,696,000 or 
37.1 percent of the total. When all establishments with sales in excess 
of $500,000 are considered, we find that they accounted for 55.7 percent of 
net sales but only 8.0 percent of the places of business. 



Vol. VI - Page 8 



As was to be expected, the majority of the establishments are found in 
the lower size groups, 37,530 or 47.3 percent reporting sales of less than 
$50,000 for the year. Over three-fifths (64.2%) of the establishments re- 
ported sales of less than $100,000 but their business amounted to only 11.3 
percent of the total. Stated differently, 60 percent of the establishments, 
the smaller ones, did 10 percent of the business, while approximately 10 
percent of the establishments, the larger ones, accounted for 60 percent of 
the total volume. 

EXPENSE RATIO DECREASES AS SIZE INCREASES. --One of the most significant 
analyses made possible by Table 4 is a study of operating expenses as 
related to size of business. As shown in the accompanying table, expenses 
per dollar of sales for the under-$50,000 group were exactly twice those of 
the group over one million. The expense ratio for all kinds of business 
combined shows a constant but gradual decline as we move from the smaller 
to the larger size group, ranging from 21.0 to 10.5. The decline is at a 
diminishing rate, however, for the upper bradkets. 

A summary of the number of establishments, net sales and operating ex- 
penses by business-size groups, for all kinds of business combined, follows: 





_Establ 


ishments 
Percen 


Net Sales 


Operatin 


g Expenses 


Business-Size Groups 


t 


Percent 


Percent 


(based upon net 


Number 


of 


Amount 


of 


Amount 


to 


sales) 




total 


(add 000) 


total 


(add 000) 


sales 


Totfil, all establishments 


79^333.. 


100.0 


514.817.041 


_ 100.0 11 


^973^60 


13,3 _ 


Under $50,000 


37,530 


47.3 


721,344 


4.9 


151,768 


21.0 


$50,000 to $99,999 


13,389 


16.9 


951,984 


6.4 


180,384 


18.9 


$100,000 to $199,999 


11,389 


14.4 


1 , 606 , 085 


10.8 


270,509 


16.8 


$200,000 to $299,999 


5,614 


7.1 


1,364,065 


9.2 


201,661 


14.8 


$300,000 to $499,999 


5,038 


6.3 


1,929,714 


13.0 


255,678 


13.2 


$500,000 to $999,999 


4,006 


5.0 


2,753,153 


18.6 


339,782 


12.3 


$1,000,000 and over 


2,367 


3.0 


5,490,696 


37.1 


573,978 


10.5 



While it is true, in general, that expense per dollar of sales decreases 
as size increases, the rule does not hold for all trades. In the case of 
groceries, for example, the optimum size (minimum expense ratio) appears in 
the $200,000 to $299,999 group. For this trade, the highest ratios for those 
with sales of more than $100,000 are found in the two largest groups. Like- 
wise, the optimum size for tobacco products lies between $500,000 and 
$1,000,000, while for dry goods, full line, the cost ratio remains constant 
in the upper brackets. When establishments with sales of less than $50,000 
are eliminated, a study of the United States summary Table 4 shows that, of 
the 142 kinds of business into which merchants and distributors are classified, 
expense ratios for 68 declined rather consistently as the size increased, while 
for 32, the ratio seems to be indifferent to size. In 31 of the kinds of busi- 
ness, the optimum size appears to be less than a million dollars. For 11 of 
the trades no definite trend could be determined because of the limited number 
of establishments. 



i 



Vol. VI - Page 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 



CHART 1 - ESTABLISHMENTS AND SALES OF 

WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS 

BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 



Number of Establishments 
Total: 79,333 



Net Sales 
Total: $14,817,041,000 





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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Vol. VI - Page 10 



The following tabulation shows operating expenses expressed in per- 
cent to sales for a number of more or less homogeneous trades, by business- 
size groups: 









Expenses IPercent to 


Salesl 








Business-Size Groups 


Total, 












Industri 


al 






(based upon net 


all 


Auto- 


Beer 


Groceries 


Hardware 




equipment 




Tobacco and 


salesl 


trades 


mobiles 


ifull liner 


Ifull linel 


_Ifull line 


) 


its 


.products 


United States Total 


13.3 . 


_ 8.6 


14.6 


. 9.2 


17.9 




_ .. 19.0 _ 






_ 5.5 


Under $50,000 


21.0 


16.7 


16.2 


11.1 


21.2 




26.8 






7.6 


$50,000 to $99,999 


18.9 


18.0 


15.6 


9.5 


22.5 




24.5 






7.4 


$100,000 to $199,999 


16.8 


11.1 


15.3 


8.6 


20.9 




22.0 






6.6 


$200,000 to $299,999 


14.8 


10.8 


13.7 


8.3 


19.9 




20.0 






5.4 


$300,000 to $499,999 


13.2 


10.3 


12.8 


8.4 


18.2 




18.6 






5.4 


$500,000 to $999,999 


12.3 


9.3 


13.0 


8.7 


17.7 




18.4 






5.0 


|1_^000_^000 and over 


__10.5_. 


.__8.i- 


_1U4_ 


-__10.2 


17.4 




...J8.6 






5.5 



In studying the influence of size upon cost, it should be remembered 
that there are other factors affecting expenses, such as location of estab- 
lishment, activities performed (processing or retailing), lines of merchandise 
handled, customers served, legal form of organization, sales radius, credit 
policy, etc. While the effects of these factors tend to offset one another in 
the large number of establishments for some trades, their influences become 
apparent in others. The expense ratio for full-line hardware establishments 
under $50,000, for example, is 21.2 percent as compared with 22,5 percent for 
the $50,000 to $99,999 group. This increase may be explained in part by the 
inclusion of a relatively large number of proprietor-owned establishments in 
the smaller brackets. The operating expenses of these establi aliments include 
no allowance for the services of proprietors. Persons familiar with the various 
trades will, no doubt, recognize some of the factors which caused the ratios 
to appear irregular. 

Following the United States summary in Section Two, the influence of loca- 
tion as well as size is studied. For the 29 kind-of-business groups, the size 
data are presented by geographic divisions and for the 13 largest cities. 
Analyzed in this fashion, the peculiarities of individual establishments tend 
to become apparent as well as the influence of size and location. Hence, the 
ratios may not follow any given pattern. Studied in this fashion, allowa.nces 
should be made also for the fact that some of the 29 trade groups lack homo- 
geneity. (See page 30.) 

Some interesting facts are brought to light when the totals for the 13 
largest cities are compared with those for the country as a whole. For 
instance, in the automotive trade (see page 41), all size groups considered 
together, the expense ratio for the cities is lower than for the country. 
This reflects the predominance of the larger establishments, particularly 
automobile distributors, in the urban centers because, when the various size 
groups are considered separately, the ratio for the cities is higher for each 
size group than for the country as a whole. 



Vol. VI - Page 11 



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S31VS 01 INHD^d 'S3SN3<IX3 ONIlV^ndO 



ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 



As in the case of employment and pay roll for a representative week, 
data were collected in this census for the first time on operating ex- 
penses by functional divisions.. Wholesale merchants and industrial dis- 
tributors with annual sales in excess of 150,000 were asked to analyze their 
accounts and report their administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, 
occupancy and other expenses separately. It was found, however, that the 
accounting methods in vogue in most of the houses with sales of less than 
$100,000 did not lend themselves to this type of analysis. The study is 
limited, therefore, to those with annual sales of $100,000 or more. 

Table 5 (page 71) presents the analysis of operating expenses by 
functional divisions for the various kinds of business into which whole- 
sale merchants and industrial distributors are classified. One of the 
important contributions of this table to the theory of cost variation 
lies in the analysis of operating expenses for a number of the more homo- 
geneous kinds of business by functional divisions a,nd by size of business. 
For 18 trades, the functional analysis is given for the following five-busi- 
ness size groups: $100,000 to $199,999; $200,000 to $299,999; $300,000 to 
$499,999; $500,000 to $999,999; and $1,000,000 and over. 

GROCERY TRADE ANALYZED. --The analysis of expenses carries significance 
when considered in connection with a given kind of business. To illustrate 
the use of Table 5, the grocery trade is selected. Of the 2,885 full-line 
merchants with sales of $100,0.00 or m.ore, 1,857 analyzed their operating 
expenses by functional divisions. These 1,857 establishments reported 
sales of $1,260,377,000 and operating expenses amounting to $117,481,000, 
or 9.3 percent of sales. Stated differently, it cost $9.30 to market a 
representative bill of goods amounting to $100. The $9.30 is divided as 
follows: $2.40 for administrative expenses; $2.50 for selling expenses; 
$1.10 for delivery; $1.30 for warehouse; $1.00 for occupancy charges; and 
$1.00 for miscellaneous expenses. 

The 1,857 grocery merchants are classified by size groups as follows: 
272 in the first size group ($100,000 to $199,999), 337 in the second size 
group ($200,000 to $299,999); 489 in the third ($300,000 to $499,999); 480 
in the fourth ($500,000 to $999,999); while 279 had sales of $1,000,000 or 
over. Whereas, for the group as a whole, it cost $9.30 to market a repre- 
sentative bill-of-goods amounting to $100, the smallest size group shows 
expenses of $9.60; the second group, $8.80; third, $8.60; fourth, $8.70; 
and the million-dollar houses $9.90. For those reporting an analysis of ex- 
penses, the ratio is lowest in the $300,000 to $499,999 group, after which 
it rises. 



Vol. VI - Page 13 



While the census data do not reveal the cause of the rise, they do 
show that increases occur In administrative, selling, delivery and ware- 
house expenses, with the largest increases in selling and warehouse costs 
As selling expenses are composed largely of advertising and of salesmen's 
salaries and expenses, the emphasis upon private brands or too extensive 
sales areas are possible explanations of the higher distribution costs. 



I 



The analysis of expenses of 1,857 full-line grocery merchants by 
functional divisions and business-size groups follows: 



Number of Net Operating expenses 

Business-size group establish- sales i.£§£cent_to_net_sales_). 

ments (add 000) Total 12 3 4 5 6 

Total ij.857 §1^260^377__9^3 2^4 2^5 1^1 1^3 1^0__1^C 

$100,000 to $199,999 272 " 4l7257 9.6 2.4 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.4 
$200,000 to $299,999 337 84,054 8.8 2.3 2.2 1.1 .9 1.0 1.3 
$300,000 to $499,999 489 191,577 8.6 2.2 2.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 
$500,000 to 5999,999 480 351,718 8.7 2.3 2.3 1.0 1.1 .9 1.1 
iixQQO^OOO_and_over 279 611^9S1__9^9 2^6 2^8 1^3 1^5 ^9 ^8 

1 - Administrative e.xpenses 4 - Warehouse expenses 

2 - Selling expenses 5 - Occupancy expenses 

3 - Delivery expenses 6 - Other expenses 

INDUSTRIAL_DISTRIBUTORS_ANALyZED.--Of the 1,633 industrial distributors 
in the United States in 1935, 420 analyzed their expenses by functional 
divisions. These 420 establishments reported sales of $205,370,000 and 
expenses amounting to $35,455,000, or 17.3 percent of sales. The 420 dis- 
tributors are classed by s:ize as follows: 131 with sales of $100,000 to 
$199,999; 75 from S200,000 to $299,999; 93 from $300,000 to $499,999; 85 
from $500,000 to $999,999; and 36 with sales of a million dollars or more. 
The expense ratio shows a constant decline from 20.8 for the smallest size 
group to 16.4 for the million-dollar group. An important factor in the 
decrease is a drop in administrative expenses from 7.1 to 4.9. Selling ex- 
penses remain fairly constant for the groups above $300,000. In contrast 
to the other divisions of expenses, warehousing costs show marked increases 
in the upper brackets. 



The functional analysis of operating expenses for 420 industrial dis- 
tributors is presented by business-size groups below: 



I 





Number 


of 


Net 




Operating expenses 






Business-size group 


establish- 


sales 




iee 


iceni_ 


io_net. 


sales 








ments 




iadd 0001 


Total 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


Total 


420_ 





S205_^370 


17.3 


5.6 


5.6 


.9 


1.8 


_i^9_ 


1.5 


$100,000 to $199,999 


131 




18,655 


20.8 


7.1 


5.9 


1.2 


1.6 


2.7 


2.3 


$200,000 to $299,999 


75 




18,258 


19.6 


7.0 


5.9 


1.2 


1.5 


1.9 


2.1 


$300,000 to $499,999 


93 




56,418 


16.9 


5.8 


5.4 


.9 


1.4 


2.0 


1 .4 


$500,000 to $999,999 


85 




59,196 


16.7 


5.4 


5.6 


.8 


1.6 


1.9 


1.4 


S1.000^000_and_pv8r___. 


36 




72_^853__ 


16.4 


__4^9_ 


__5.6_ 


___.9_. 


2.3 


1..5 


. 1.2 



1 - Administrative expenses 

2 - Selling expenses 
o - Delivery expenses 



4 - 

5 - 

6 - 



Warehouse expenses 
Occupancy expenses 
Other expenses 



Vol. VI - Page 14 



DESCRIPTION OF TERMS 



To assist in the understanding of the data in this report, the follow- 
ing explanation of terms is given. 

NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS. --The number of establishments as shown in 
this volume represents the number of places of business of wholesale mer- 
chants and industrial distributors engaged primarily in marketing goods at 
wholesale. Each place of business of multi-unit organizations is counted 
separately. 

NET SALES. --The term "net sales" as used here includes total receipts 
from the sale of merchandise and services, and from other sources normal to 
the operation of the business. Sales taxes are included. The value of 
goods returned by, or allowances made to, customers has been deducted. 

BUSINESS S IZE GROUPS. --In this report, the size of an establishment 
is measured in terms of net sales. In presenting the data by trades, the 
establishments have been grouped by size as follows: 

Business-Size Group Net Sales 

I Under $50,000 

II $50,000 to $99,999 

III $100,000 to $199,999 

IV $200,000 to $499,999 

V $500,000 to $999,999 

VI $1,000,000 and over 

In the United States summary, the data are presented for nine size 
groups, described on page 29. 

OPERATING EXPENSES (TOTAL) . --The total includes expenses incurred 
during the year 1935 by the reporting establishments. It covers total pay 
roll, as well as other expenses incident to the operation of the business. 
The amount does not include charges to capital accounts, cost of goods sold, 
nor income taxes. In the case of unincorporated businesses, no compensation 
is included for the services of proprietors and firm members. 

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. --This classification includes the general 
administrative expenses not chargeable directly to any one division. In 
general, it includes executives, and officers, salaries and expenses; office 
salaries; superintendency; office supplies and stationery; postage, tele- 
phone and telegraph; professional services (legal and auditing); taxes 
(local and State) except income and sales taxes; depreciation (furniture and 
fixtures); dues, subscriptions and donations; collection expenses, etc. 



SELLING EXPENSES. --Direct expenses incurred in selling the merchandise 
are included here. Provision was made for showing delivery expenses, as 
defined below, separately. Selling expenses include such items as sales- 
men's salaries, commissions and bonuses; salesmen's travelling expenses; 
advertising; insurance; and depreciation on salesmen's automobiles. 

DELIVERY EXPENSES. --Delivery expenses include costs incurred in trans- 
ferring the merchandise from the warehouse or place of storage to the custo- 
mer, such as outward freight, express, parcel post, trucking and insurance 
on merchandise being delivered. 

WAREHOUSE EXPENSES. --Here are included the costs of operating the ware- 
house or stockroom, such as salaries of warehouse employees, boxing and 
packing costs, etc. 

OCCUPANCY EXPENSES. --This group includes all expenses arising from the 
use and maintenance of the store buildings, fixtures and equipment. It 
includes maintenance labor, heating, light, power and water. Where the 
premises are not owned, rent is included. Respondents owning the premises 
which they occupy were instructed to include such items as building repairs 
and supplies, insurance and taxes on building, and depreciation on building. 
No establishment was included in the analysis of operating expenses unless 
an amount appeared under this inquiry. 

The proper distinction between warehouse and occupancy expenses was in 
many cases difficult to make. Particularly was this true where all the 
activities were housed in one building and where it was necessary go allo- 
cate expenses. Also, the question of yard storage was somewhat confusing, 
as some respondents included such cost under warehouse expenses while others 
considered them as occupancy. For most kinds of business, however, the 
amount of overlapping represents a minor portion of the total for either 
classification. 

OTHER EXPENSES. --Included here are those operating expenses not classi- 
fied above, such as interest on bank loans, losses from bad debts, etc. 



TYPES OF OPERATION DEFINED 



Of the 33 types of operation included in the Census of Wholesale Trade 
(see Table 1) only two, wholesale merchants and industrial distributors, 
are included in this report. 

WHO LESALE MERCHANTS. --This functional type classification is a sub- 
division of the group referred to in other Census reports as "full-service 
and limited function wholesalers". Wholesale merchants are usually known 
as "wholesalers", but the term is used here in a more restricted sense, 
to cover full-service wholesalers performing their functions primarily in 
a domestic market. They are merchant middlemen who sell goods principally 



to retailers and to industrial and commercial users. They buy and sell 
merchandise on their own accounts; carry stocks in their places of busi- 
ness; assemble in large lots and redistribute, usually through salesmen, 
in smaller quantities; extend credit to customers; and render advice to 
the trade. In some lines of business, particularly where the merchandise 
is of a perishable nature or derived from unstandardized production, 
wholesale merchants also perform the functions of grading and standardi- 
zation. Although they sell primarily to retailers, substantial quantities 
of merchandise are also sold by them to industrial and commercial users 
such as restaurants, hotels, public institutions, public utilities, manu- 
facturers and to other wholesalers. 

For Census purposes no distinction is made between the terras "wholesale 
merchant" and "jobber" . 

INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS. --Industrial distributors are distinguished 
from wholesale merchants by the fact that they sell primarily to indus- 
trial users rather than to retailers. For Census purposes, the term is 
limited to establishments dealing in a more or less complete line of 
equipment and/or supplies and materials for mines, factories, oil wells, 
contractors, public utilities and other industrial users. They are found 
in the following kind-of-business classification: Automotive; hardware; 
machinery, equipment and supplies; metals and metal work (except scrap); 
plumbing and heating equipment and supplies; and "all other products". 

KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Each establishment is classified by kind business (drugs, gro- 
ceries, hardware, etc.) according to the principal lines of merchandise 
dealt in or the usual trade designation. All wholesale merchants and 
industrial distributors are divided into 29 major kind-of-business groups. 
These 29 groups are comprised of 142 detailed classifications according 
to the degree of merchandise specialization. A complete list of the kinds 
of business appears in the United States Summary, Table 4, Page 32. 



TABLE 1 



This table presents in summary for the United States the number of 
establishments, net sales, operating expenses, personnel, pay roll and 
stocks; first for the 33 types of operation and then for each of 6 major 
types, by 29 kind-of-business groups. A study of this table reveals the 
importance of the two types of operation included in Tables 4 and 5. 

















Vol. VI - 


Page 17 


CENSUS OF WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

BUSINESS UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 


Type of Operation 
Kind oi Business 


Number 

of 
e.t.b- 
lish- 


N=t 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
(including 
pay loll) 
(add 000) 


Active 

cm and 

firm 
member. 


Employee, 
(full-time 
and part, 
ime). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll" 
(add 000) 


Stock, on 
hand, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


TOTALS, 1935: 

Wholesale merchants** 

Voluntary-group (fcoleealere 

Converters 

fficporters 

Importers 

Industrial distributors 

Cash and carry wholesalers 

Drop shippers or desk Jobbers 

Mall-order >ibolesaler6 

Betaller-oooperative warehouses 

Wagon distributors 

UAJIOTACTOEERS' SALES BRANCHES 
(Uttth stocks) 

MANUFACTORERS- SALES OFFICES 
(Without stocks) 

BDLK TANK STATIONS (PETROLEUM) 
Independent stations 
Chain-operated stations 
Commission stations 

AGENTS AND BHDKERS 
Auction companies 
Brokers 

Commission merchants 
Export agents 
Import agents 
Manufacturers' agents 
Selling agents 
Other agents 

ASSEMBLERS 

Country buyers of farm products 

Cream stations 

Cooperative marketing associations 

ZLevators (grain) 

Packers and shippers 

BY KINDS OF BUSINESS: 


176.756 


►42,802.913 






1/ 
1.260.553 


12,022.262 


1^76.337 145.925 I 


»3.106.609 


88.931 


17.661.691 


2,228.347 


61.686 


759.556 


1.162.275 


1.139.130 


23.145 


2,067.649 


128 

502 

513 

2,241 

1,633 

577 

1,031 

161 
4,256 

11.634 


14,372,164 
100,569 
284,121 
571,490 
1,068,234 
444,877 
74,152 
365,926 
13,984 
153,398 
212,776 

7,446,014 


1,900,821 
9,402 
24,541 
51,598 
98,475 
72,939 
3,353 
23,545 
3,226 
9,383 
31,064 

681,155 


54',484 
33 
235 
340 
1,3X3 
308 
201 
497 
151 

4,035 
299 


661.615 
3,420 
5,634 
7,369 
21,834 
24,724 
12,483 
4,901 
1,188 
3,646 
12,742 

211,280 


1,007,048 
5,481 
12,273 
12.831 
46,461 
41,578 
1,785 
12,252 
1,339 
5,245 
15,982 

402.706 


9861744 
5,442 
12,130 
12,257 
45,947 
41,039 
1,761 
11,869 

151444 

398.738 


20,304 

143 
574 
514 
539 

24 
383 

50 

538 
3.968 


i;656;i41 
13,444 
46,374 
75,328 
147,738 
94,811 
6,148 
3,511 
2,116 
14,865 
7,173 

596,558 


4,196 


3,620.074 


239,889 


149 


42,895 


106,093 


105,266 


827 




27.333 


2,704,047 


391.095 


3,546 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


157,687 


3,880 
17,017 
6,436 

18.147 


298,627 

3,002,546 

402,874 

8,908,076 


37,147 
284,859 
69,089 

256,749 


3,078 
471 

14.950 


12,901 
68,285 


17,460 
129,461 

1/ 
129,865 


16,929 
128,032 

125.415 


531 
1.429 

1/ 
4,451 


13,667 
122,718 
21,302 

89,565 


609 
3,922 
3,135 

496 

335 
7,548 
1,712 

390 

26,515 


382,857 

2,889,546 

2,662.491 

276,506 

212,573 

768,619 

1,439,710 

275,774 

2,463,011 


10,692 
39,411 
67,364 
14,638 
10,357 
44,092 
63,412 
6,783 

166,245 


63b- 

3,256 

2,818 

308 

207 

6,557 

885 

293 

16,695 


6,585 
9,885 
18,298 
3,851 
1,272 
14,300 
U,759 
2,335 

87,378 


6;b94 
20,396 
34,104 
6,382 
3,134 
23,995 

4I533 

74,401 


41740 
20,002 
33,089 

6,306 

3,064 
22,906 
30,802 

4,506 

62,827 


i;354 
394 

1,015 
76 
70 

'426 
27 

11,574 


21716 
10,810 
30,486 
3,802 
5,478 
12,902 
23,179 
192 

195,150 


10,813 
3,619 
2,117 
8,462 
1,504 


646,147 
29,854 
955,727 
600,363 
230,920 


32,981 
1,479 
60,318 
30,147 
41,320 


101635 
2,289 

2,751 
1,070 


21,028 

22,'692 
16,164 
25,262 


14,795 
1,033 
23,406 
15,160 
20,007 


12,584 

20,504 
13,769 
15.088 


2.211 
151 
2,902 
1,391 
4,919 


88,633 
222 
58,557 
41,756 
5,982 


88.931 


17.661,691 


2.228.347 


61.586 


759.556 


1,162.275 


1.139.130 


23.145 


2.067,649 


FOLL-SERVICE AND LDJITED-PUMCTION 
WHOLESALERS 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras and motion picture eqpt. 4, spls. 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 

dutomotlva 
Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Autcmotlve equipment 
Tires and tubes 

Beer, Xines and Liquors 

Beer and other feni»nted malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 

aiamicals and Paints 
Dyestuffa 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 

(continued on next page) 




117,045 


21.308 


641 


7.076 


12.092 


11.811 


281 


14,223 


74 
191 
134 
461 
208 

5.672 


4,897 
38,268 
17,020 

21 1467 

780.424 


1,033 
6,063 
3,631 
6,974 
3,607 

131.401 


44 
43 

78 
349 
127 

3.363 


407 
1,623 
1,275 
2,543 
1,228 

49.514 


624 
3,447 
1,982 
4,102 
1,937 

75,276 


606 
3,396 
1,963 
3,987 
1,859 


18 
51 
19 
115 
78 

737 


915 
1,420 
4,053 
5,166 
2,669 

107,830 


399 

4,840 

433 

5,496 


378,726 
349,186 
52,512 

698,511 


36,051 
87,265 
8,085 

91,814 


130 
'301 
4,298 


■ ll!316 
35,511 
2,687 

31,380 


19,118 
52,042 
4,116 

43,682 


181942 
51,546 
4,051 

42,485 


176 
496 
65 

1,197 


231782 
74,867 
9,181 

55,043 


4,016 
1,480 

1.426 


281,259 
417,252 

275,301 


40,791 
51,023 

46.008 


3,496 
802 

627 


15,379 
16,001 

10.741 


18,379 
25,303 

20,530 


17,604 
24,881 

20.191 


775 
422 

339 


91974 

45,069 

32,559 


57 
26 
204 
36 
772 
331 


15,816 
1,615 
80,310 
33,148 
66,328 
78,084 


4,160 
286 
9,922 
1,683 
15,063 
14,894 


18 
12 
40 
3 
370 
184 


675 

121 

2,349 

470 

4,997 

2,129 


1,694 
149 

5,350 
849 

7,931 

4,557 


1)690 
126 

5,281 
833 

7,786 

4,476 


4 
24 

69 

16 
145 

81 


l!697 
291 
8,452 
2,817 
12,855 
6,447 



Vol. VI - Page 18 




















CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind oi Business 


Number 

of 
e.l.b- 
liili- 


Net 
lalei 

(.dd 000) 


Operatmg 
expen.e. 
(including 
pay roll) 
(add 000) 


Act,ve 

toTT^ 

firm 
member* 


Employee, 
(full-time 
and part, 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll« 
(add 000) 


Stock, on 
hand, end 
of year 

(add OOOj 


Total 


FulHime 


Part-linie 


lOTX-SHiVICB AND LnOTm-FTOCTION 

HEOLESALSiS (continued) 
Clothlne and FurnisUngs 

Clothing and/or fupnlehlnge (full Una) 

Man'B and boys' 

Wansn'e and children's 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


3.960 


$648,861 


*e6.577 


3.177 


SS.383 


t46r350 


t45.761 


1589 


»73,495 


574 
1,001 
1,085 

277 

360 
«1 


65:505 
117.443 
233,602 
33,093 
35,657 
42,161 
121,420 


9,407 
16,124 
31,344 
3,919 
3,942 
7,095 
16,746 


523 
874 
775 
£66 
173 
236 
330 


3,057 
4,743 
8,639 
813 
1,140 
2,281 
4,710 


4,976 
8,270 
17.044 
1,848 
1,909 
3,775 
8,528 


4,894 
8,113 
16,901 
1,800 
1,876 
3,700 
8,477 


82 
157 
143 
48 
33 
75 
51 


8,948 
17,137 
18,253 
3,772 
3,931 
4,538 
16,916 


Coal and Coke 


773 


368.695 


34,955 


292 


8,847 


16,464 


15,861 


603 


26,052 


Drugs (full line) 


295 


324,113 


41,274 


36 


15,077 


22,465 


22,399 


66 


55.348 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty linos) 
Drug specialties 
Patent medicines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


1 268 


123,469 


25,760 


774 


8,010 


12.420 


12,212 


208 


13.206 


■—'342- 
215 
426 
285 


■■-29^554- 
21.995 
40.671 
31,249 


■■ 41844 
4,110 
11,140 
5,666 


229 
111 
256 
178 


l!964 
1,110 
3,465 
1,471 


2|701 

5I536 
2.285 


21665 
1,855 
5,443 
2,249 


36 
43 
93 
36 


3I998 
1.356 
3,822 
4,030 


Dry Goods (full line) 


306 


265,724 


38,426 


164 


14,272 


22.030 


21,944 


86 


46,295 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


3,301 


719,676 


82,228 


2,477 


22,652 


43,398 


42.919 


479 


118.548 


■ 9l5 

1.873 

513 


96,778 

593,867 
29,031 


17l876 
59,691 
4,661 


712 

1,304 
461 


6!082 

14,908 
1,662 


10!387 

30,393 
2,618 


10,251 
30,103 
2,565 


136 
290 
53 


16,740 
96,491 
5,317 


Electrical Goods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 
Apparatus and equijment 
Wiriwr supplies and construction material 
Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


2,438 


576,542 


99,460 


1.051 


30,088 


52,495 


51,924 


571 


75,424 


419 

199 

734 

1,086 


1841233 
20,931 
76,859 

294,519 


4,415 
14,455 
53,657 


■ 39 
104 
354 
554 


8;405 
1,719 
5,331 
14,633 


14,787 
2,643 

8,352 
26.713 


14,697 
2,695 
8,136 

26,496 


48 
216 
217 


3,041 
13,053 
32,661 


Farm Products - raw materiels 
Cotton 
Grain 

Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 
Horses and mules 
Livestock 
Silk (raw) 
Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
All other 


2,199 


1,562,487 


105,198 


1,557 


21,693 


34,200 


31,953 


2,247 


235,379 


2i3 

474 

874 

9 

16 
224 
135' 
178 


'bl8,244 
483,949 
189,342 
1,056 
2,557 
67,393 
73,938 
156,173 
69,835 


34; 807 

27.080 

15.282 

148 

2,059 
10,732 
9,261 
5,500 


206 
234 
696 
13 

9 
137 
121 
113 


2,406 

29 

113 

223 

6,071 

1,439 

1,856 


5,204 

9,983 

7,004 

36 

167 

879 

5,156 

3,442 

2,329 


5,062 

9,764 

6,703 

36 

154 

877 

3,801 

3,313 

2.243 


219 
301 

13 

2 

1,355 

129 

86 


74,997 
24,266 
85 
316 
9,229 
25,532 
24,827 
7,545 


Faiu Products - consumer goods 
Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and regetables ffresh) 
All other 


11 188 


1.941,059 


213.552 


10.128 


77.316 


107.165 


104.U8 


3.047 


47.140 


21178 
1,778 
1.019 
6,164 
49 


4271966 
230,602 
304,576 
972,532 
5,383 


72,198 
18,124 
24,995 
97,704 
531 


1.284 

1.712 

822 

45 


25,161 
7,750 
8,373 

35,813 
219 


37,459 
8,517 
12,912 
47,973 
304 


37.111 
7,999 
12,571 
46,133 
304 


348 
518 
341 

1.840 


9.833 
5,834 
8,229 
22,895 
299 


Fam Supplies 
Feed 

Fertiliser 
Seeds 
All other 


1.433 


281.731 


35,100 


892 


12,739 


16.666 


15.840 


726 


33.E13 


'951 
78 
354 
60 


149,087 
32,016 
90,759 
9,870 


14,001 

3,289 

16,848 

962 


633 
60 

186 
23 


5.524 
568 

6,290 
363 


6,768 

1,006 

8,348 

444 


6,672 
970 

7,882 
416 


196 
36 

466 
£8 


11,244 

£,909 

18,289 

771 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor coTerlngs 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 
Musical Instruments and sheet music 


1.959 


243.457 


43.345 


1.336 


13.978 


23.106 


22.737 


369 


50.74£ 


321 
366 
375 
784 
113 


33,497 

89,021 
38,164 
69,327 
13,448 


8,226 
12,321 

7,626 
11,151 

4,021 


196 
202 
249 
643 
45 


E;728 
3,551 
2,542 
3,875 
1,282 


41577 
6,144 
4,074 
6,081 
2,260 


4;63E 

6,086 
3,971 
6,917 
2,231 


4S 
S8 
103 
134 
£9 


6l657 
22.559 

5,917 
11,746 

3,863 


Oeneral Merchandise 


209 


361,647 


28,076 


122 


9,266 


13,948 


13,782 


160 


34,052 


Orocerles (full line) 


3,833 


1,963,762 


173,757 


1.443 


67,563 


98,077 


97,352 


725 


242.071 


(continued on next page) 





































Vol. VI 


- Page 19 


CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

of 

e.t.b- 


Nel 
sales 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll) 


Active 
proprie 
tors and 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 
ol year 










nrenl! 


Udd 0001 


(add 000) 


members 


lor year 


Total 


Full-lime 


Part-time 


(add 000) 


imX-3EBVICE AHD LIiaTKD-/DNCTION 








































OrocerleB and Foods (epeclalty linos) 
Canned gooda 


1£,156 


♦1.682.961 


♦209.791 




79.646 


♦108.429 




♦2.591 


♦132.811 


E91 


77,222 


10,556 


222 


2,608 


41280 


4;280 




' 9:784 


Coffee, tea and apices 


964 


220,488 


36,029 


591 


11,631 


18,547 


18,400 


147 


25.493 


Confectionery 


2,070 


111,867 


13,447 


1,986 


6,598 


7,602 


7,381 


821 


9,198 


Fish and sea foods 


1,285 


120,054 


22,337 


1,078 


8,497 


11,481 


10,925 


568 


6,510 


Flour 


505 


77,909 


7,369 


365 


2,459 


3,413 


2,835 


578 


6,005 


Meats and meat products 


2,218 


441,852 


46,634 


2,171 


16,283 


24,847 


24,415 


438 




Soft drinks 


429 


20,815 


3,936 


333 


1,636 


2,150 


2,075 


75 


i:486 


Sugar 


126 


62,382 


3,260 


57 


1,154 


1,702 


1,640 


68 


3.498 


Other food and grocery speclaltlaa 


4,268 


550,372 


66,223 


3,631 


28,780 


34,407 


33,887 


580 


59.314 


Hardware 

Hardware (full line) 


1,129 


428.249 


77,981 


454 


30.741 


46,178 


45.851 


327 


106,980 


610 


387,020 


69,255 


137 


27:387 


41 ; 214 


401980 


234H 


97,427 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


519 


41,229 


8,726 


317 


3,354 


4,964 


4,871 


93 


9,553 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


1,801 


180.685 


36,481 


1.300 


11.105 


19.185 


18.973 


212 


47,213 


224 


42,107 


6,999 


174 


2,031 


31513 


3470 


43 


12:700 


Clocks and watches 


150 


29,198 


5,230 


110 


1,044 


2,542 


2,483 


59 


4,045 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


274 


27,732 


3,256 


280 


568 


1,272 


1,252 


20 


12,759 


Other Jewelry specialties 


758 


53,834 


9,678 


611 


3,098 


5,354 


5,284 


70 


13.141 


Optical goods 


385 


27,814 


10,318 


125 


4,364 


6,504 


6,484 


20 


4,568 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


2.817 


491.857 


82,051 


1.251 


27,245 


42.813 


40.839 


1.974 


63.652 


504 


76,051 


16,162 


212 


5,758 


8,740 


8,134 


606 


10,733 


Lumber and millHork 


1,597 


339,092 


48,013 


701 


15,170 


24,356 


23,633 


723 


41.410 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


119 


8,732 


1,882 


48 


577 


943 


908 


35 


1,414 


Cement, lime and plaster 


130 


18,956 


3,424 


54 


1,220 


1,757 


1,689 


68 


1.532 


Glass 


262 


21,538 


6,684 


154 


2,707 


4,080 


3,864 


816 


5.300 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


110 


10,257 


2,920 


50 


952 


1,434 


1,293 


141 


1,040 


All other 


95 


17,131 


2,965 


32 


861 


1,503 


1,318 


185 


2,223 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Commercial mchnry., eqpt. and spls. 


7,198 


835.647 


in,5ii 


3.705 


57.140 


95,410 


93.625 


i.res 


157.474 




















Office (except furniture) 


194 


14,308 


4,194 


131 


1,656 


2,472 


2,425 


47 


2,040 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


673 


44.860 


. 11. 757 


464 


4,443 


6,738 


6,589 


149 


7,567 


All other 


68 


5,195 


1,090 


39 


402 


656 


646 


10 


585 


Farm and dairy machinery and equljment 


336 


45,250 


8.153 


181 


2,818 


4,327 


4,237 


90 


9,047 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


189 


79,828 


15,176 


20 


5,282 


8,800 


8.736 


65 


18,420 


Belting, hose and packing 


168 


12,281 


3,092 


66 


959 


1,779 


1.750 


29 


1,976 


Power tranamlsslon equipment 


66 


6,778 


1,610 


21 


530 


918 


896 


22 


1,383 


Rope, cordage and twine 


56 


14,087 


1,535 


33 


465 


952 


941 


11 


1,394 


All other 


1,088 


102,508 


81,282 


552 


7,248 


12,240 


U,985 


255 


17.379 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building) 


277 


53,831 


10,310 


87 


3,027 


5,358 


5,251 


107 


8.646 


Machine tools 


79 


10,689 


1,852 


41 


603 


1,091 


1,077 


14 


2.859 


Mining and quarrying 


87 


11,184 


2,098 


37 


717 


1,210 


1,183 


27 


8,586 


Oil well and oil refining 


759 


152,273 


16,799 


157 


4,650 


8,163 


7,889 


274 


27.168 


Power plant 


65 


5,806 


1,328 


40 


444 


799 


771 


88 


867 


Textile 


48 


5,149 


1,333 


20 


453 


862 


854 


8 


874 


Used machinery and equlpnent 


192 


11,861 


3,383 


143 


1,236 


1,821 


1,736 


85 


8.891 


All other 


354 


24,292 


6,379 


205 


2,143 


3,728 


3.611 


117 


4,816 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


256 


23,202 


6,S28 


110 


2,416 


4,120 


4,100 


80 


6.406 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


203 


26,033 


7,410 


78 


2.313 


4,286 


4,263 


23 


4,481 


All other 


252 


30,121 


7,513 


139 


2,553 


3,999 


3.937 


62 


7.021 


Serrloe equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


645 


38,348 


18,063 


470 


4,495 


6.733 


6,664 


69 


7.838 


Laundry 


136 


21,768 


4,802 


35 


1,876 


2,581 


2,561 


30 


2.688 


Upholsterers' 


200 


25,636 


5.887 


101 


1.746 


3,033 


2,989 


44 


6.764 


All other 


623 


34,516 


8,457 


411 


3.359 


6,046 


4,937 


109 


6,005 


Transportation equlment and supplies 




















Aircraft and aeronautical 


15 


1,44S 


285 


3 


106 


191 


189 


2 


323 


Eailroad 


33 


16,988 


3,691 


7 


601 


1,638 


1,515 


20 


1.582 


Boats (including Botor, sail k. steam) 


71 


5,447 


1.094 


47 


372 


611 


60S 


8 


1,845 


All other 


1E3 


12,373 


8,470 


57 


826 


1,361 


1,301 


60 


3,313 


(continued on next page) 





















Vol. VI - Page 20 






















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 












BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 














TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES. PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 










BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 












Number 




Operal.ng 


Act.ve 


Employee* 


Pay Roll" 




Stock, on 
hand, end 
ol year 

add 000, 




Type o( Operation 
Kind ci Business 


of 
ettab- 
ll,h. 


Net 
(add 0001 


Expenses 
(mclud.ng 

pay roll ; 
(add 000) 


propne. 
ors and 

lirn, 
members 


(tull-llme 
and part. 
.me). Avg. 
lor year 


(add 000) 






Total 


Full-time 


Parttime 




FDIX-SSffnCE AND LIMITJ5D-FUNCTI0N 






















■WHOLESALEHS ( oontlnuad) 






















Metals and Ketal Work (except scrap) 
Iron aad steel (except structural) 


810 


*281.996 


J37.315 


307 


10.623 


il9.324 


}19.026 


$298 


J39.939 




345 


114,884 


20,572 


121 


5;078 


9)994 


9:915 


w 


16:719 




Structural Iron and steel 


93 


18,965 


3,877 




1,541 


2,342 


2,291 


51 


3,358 




Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


61 


7,759 


1,152 


30 


477 


655 


590 


65 


1,078 




Copper 


19 


4,635 


488 


12 


145 


262 


261 


1 


567 




Sheet metal products 


179 


40,243 


5,253 


78 


2,155 


3,402 


3,341 


61 


5,520 




Other metals and metal woj* 


113 


95,510 


4,973 


44 


1,227 


2,669 


2,528 


41 


12,597 




Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 


2,549 


408,935 


74,843 


1.417 


25.605 


44,459 


43,957 


502 


57.933 




1,572 


291,576 


49,837 


914 


17,307 


30,149 


29,869 


280 


39,320 




Pine or printing and writing paper 


211 


62,540 


11,153 


54 


3,197 


5,764 


6,730 


34 


8,589 




Stationery and stationery supplies 


504 


38,209 


8,487 


337 


3,359 


5,003 


4,876 


127 


6,411 




'rtall paper 


262 


16,610 


5,366 


112 


1,742 


2,543 


2,482 


61 


3,513 




Petroleum and Its Products 


674 


132,399 


17,137 


389 


4,437 


8,089 


7,977 


112 


5,435 




Plumbing and Heating iqpt. and Spls. 
Plunbing and heating (full line) 


1.743 


243,173 


48,202 


636 


16.919 


26,851 


26,396 


455 


50.812 




508 


119,862 


22,480 


63 


7,729 


12,321 


12,167 


154 


25.454 




Heating (Including stoves and ranges) 


224 


24,682 


5,623 


103 


1,850 


3,157 


3,098 


59 


4,547 




Plumbing fixtures, equipment and spls. 


865 


88,455 


17,531 


392 


6,369 


9,744 


9,533 


211 


18,391 




All other 


145 


10,164 


2,568 


78 


971 


1,629 


1,598 


31 


1,420 




Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


2,253 


783,368 


42,853 


1,859 


14,687 


21,547 


21,315 


232 


40,902 




Waste Materials 

Iron and steel scrap 


4,793 


399,654 


58.093 


4.405 


29.461 


30.482 


29.230 


1.252 


34,117 




1,456 


155,181 


20,731 




9,059 


10,626 


10,080 


445 


14,845 




Junk and scrap (full Una) 


1,537 


79,537 


13,288 


1)541 


8.235 


7,131 


6,579 


452 


8,293 




Waste paper, rags and rubber 


1,578 


125,994 


21,587 


1,359 


11,413 


11,673 


11,349 


324 


9,528 


•^ 


Nouferrous metals 


222 


27,952 


2,487 


175 


753 


1,153 


1,122 


31 


1,451 




All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 


4,184 


550,233 


72,850 


3.062 


26,352 


39.250 


38.275 


975 


68.711 




636 


108,550 


20,454 


338 


9.060 


12,005 


11,687 


318 


8,445 




Flowers and nursery stock 


539 


25,124 


5,048 


482 


1,934 


2,593 


2,513 


80 


1,.357 




Forest products (except lumber) 


550 


80,373 


8,497 


437 


2,873 


4,492 


4,354 


138 


8,355 




Leather and leather goods 


1,057 


104,873 


13,834 


855 


4,487 


7,208 


7,105 


102 


18,235 




Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 


77 


43,212 


3,409 


36 


674 


1,535 


1,626 


9 


5,527 




Rubber (crude) 


27 


62,436 


2,761 


5 


333 


1,077 


1,077 


— 


12,255 




Textiles and materials other than 






















dry goods 


305 


35,445 


5,263 


262 


2,392 


2,972 


2,889 


83 


4,590 




Yams 


175 


41,562 


3,800 


115 


1,183 


1,999 


1,949 


50 


4,100 




Miscellaneous kinds of business 


818 


48,658 


9,784 


521 


3,416 


5,269 


5,074 


195 


5,837 






11.634 


7,446.014 


381.155 


299 


211,280 


402,706 


398.738 


3,968 


596,558 




(WITH STOCKS) 

Amusement and Sporting Goods 
Moving picture filias 




241 


102.090 


19.228 




5,466 


9,304 


9.282 


22 


11.836 




■ 93 


42;408 


8:395 





2:471 


4:710 


4,704 


5 


4,297 




Sporting goods (full lljae) 


58 


14,863 


4,485 


— 


992 


1,414 


1,405 


9 


2,459 




Toys, novelties and fireworks 


16 


4,838 


1,046 


— 


275 


494 


489 


5 


723 




All other 


74 


39,981 


5,302 


- 


1,718 


2,686 


2,684 


2 


4,357 




Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 


896 


1.261,865 


90.159 


6 


23.611 


45.242 


44.867 


375 


68.563 




432 


1,006,177 


57,474 




15,340 


28.633 


28,397 


236 


44,930 




Automotive equipment 


193 


46,950 


7,690 


6 


1,989 


3,900 


3,876 


24 


5,198 




Tires and tubes 


271 


208,738 


24,995 


- 


6,282 


12,709 


12,594 


115 


18,435 




Beer, '.Sines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 


377 


265,812 


37.390 


6 


5,284 


11.533 


11.468 


65 


19.759 




261 


6b!275 


13,319 


6 


2,697 


4,979 


4,954 


25 


2,501 




Wines and liquor 


116 


197,537 


24,071 


~ 


2,587 


6,554 


5,514 


40 


17,258 




Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 


561 


427.535 


64.137 


12 


10,945 


25.427 


25.179 


248 


36.117 




33 


33,614 


4,403 




651 


2.088 


2.088 


— 


2,149 




Explosives 


43 


32,377 


4,217 


— 


606 


1,679 


1,675 


4 


2,435 




Industrial chemicals 


73 


122,582 


12,052 


— 


1,328 


3,373 


3,351 


12 


7,344 




Paints and varnishes 


265 


168,189 


30,531 


2 


6,455 


12,802 


12,628 


174 


19,158 




All other 


147 


70,773 


12,934 


10- 


1,905 


5,485 


5,427 


58 


5,031 




(continued on next page) 





































Vol. VI 


Page 21 


CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE 1,-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net 
sales 

(add 000) 


Operating 
expenses 
( including 
pay roll! 
(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
ors and 

members 


Employees 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
for year 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


Total 


Full-lime 


Part-time 


liANUTACTUHERS- SALES BRAMCHES 


346 


$282,163 


434.296 


82 


8.205 




118.092 


♦103 


♦38.915 


(WITH STOCKS) (continued) 
Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothing and/or furnishings 
Man's and boys' 
Women's and children's 
Furs, dressed and fur clothing 
Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 
Shoes and other footwear 


137 
103 
5 
14 
11 
55 


8,917 
98,279 

13,550 

1.320 

111,667 


1.151 
13,219 
5,944 
65 
1.469 
244 
12.204 


35 
41 

4 

1 
1 


347 

2.792 

1.303 

21 

473 

77 

3.192 


725 

6,533 

3,447 

41 

747 

lie 

6,584 


709 

6.507 

3,433 

41 

747 

117 

6,538 


16 
26 
14 

1 
46 


l)l72 
16.707 
4,487 
76 
1,429 
168 
14,887 


Coal and Coke 


10 


8,331 


1.470 


- 


359 


694 


692 


2 


261 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 
Brug specialties 
Patent medicines 
Toilet articles and preparations 
All other 


270 


128.468 


33.997 




7.050 


13,566 


13,544 


22 


11.924 


115 
38 
99 
18 


73.163 
23,391 
27,153 
4,761 


17.234 
8.485 
7.269 
1,009 


2 

4 
5 


4.198 
634 

2.070 
148 


8,773 

1,397 

3.063 

333 


8,766 

1,394 

3,057 

327 


7 
3 
6 
6 


7)440 

1.502 

2,714 

268 


Dry Goods 


208 


180,322 


19.532 


28 


4,690 


10,207 


10,163 


44 


36,700 


Electrical Ooods 


428 


349,819 


31.685 


6 


7,832 


17,676 


17,554 


122 


21,800 


Faim Products - consumer goods 


327 


71,570 


17,555 


5 


4,313 


7,129 


7,056 


73 


2,527 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 

Fertilizer 
All other 


74 


31,785 


4.831 


2 


917 


1.830 


1,815 


15 


2.679 


30 
39 
5 


2,904 

28,409 

472 


301 

4,446 

84 


2 


121 
774 
22 


160 

1,621 

49 


156 

1,610 

49 


4 
11 


200 

2.398 

81 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House fumishlnga (except as specified) 
All other 


250 


78,959 


10.888 


17 


2.473 


4.980 


4.921 


59 


8,739 


50 

121 

72 

7 


28,443 
32,292 
15,857 
2,357 


2,917 

4.276 

3.106 

589 


6 
10 

1 


544 

1.112 

706 

111 


1.116 

2.251 

1,316 

298 


1,093 

2,222 

1,308 

298 


£3 
29 
7 


4,277 

1,820 

1,989 

653 


Oroceries and Foods (specielty lines) 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Flour 

Keats and meat products 
Soft drinks 
All other 


3.102 


2,252,166 


202.190 


32 


51.576 


87,265 


86,224 


1,041 


82,246 


'230 
14 
81 
165 
937 
31 
1.644 


16i:838 
12,338 
37.096 
122.086 
1,080,929 
6,843 
831,036- 


2i;418 
2,373 
3,626 
7,537 
64.497 
2,590 
100.149 


3 
3 

11 
5 

10 


4;348 

322 

974 

2.197 

22,650 

732 

20,353 


8,701 
673 

1,910 

3,746 
33,540 

1.344 
37,351 


8,489 
665 

1,896 

3,695 
33.084 

1,269 
37.126 


212 
8 
14 
51 

456 
75 

225 


11,090 
352 
2,125 
5,410 
30,433 
573 
32,262 


Hardmre 


62 


18,327 


2.770 


1 


714 


1,453 


1.443 


10 


3.954 


Jewelry and Optical Ooods 
Jewelry 
Optical goods 


249 


91.458 


10.921 


10 


3,102 


5,366 


5,357 


9 


11.406 


43 
206 


72)507 
18,951 


7)199 


10 


'753 
2.349 


1,324 

3,542 


1,817 
3,540 


7 
2 


7)995 
3,410 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and mlllwork 
Brick, tile and terra cotta 
Cement, lime and plaster 

All other 


261 


112,792 


18.634 


e 


5.510 


10.253 


9.816 


437 


13.485 


45 
38 
44 
27 
4 
103 


32.474 
13.166 
5,403 
11.452 
118 
50,159 


2I295 
1.156 
2.452 
32 
7.126 


6 

1 
1 


1)272 
565 
276 
403 
16 

2,978 


2.732 

1.198 

549 

953 

19 

4.802 


2)732 

1.186 

535 

948 

15 

4,400 


12 
14 
5 

4 
402 


2)385 
3.362 
794 
1,812 
82 
5,050 


Machinery. Equipment and Supplies 
Comnercial mchnry. , eqpt. and spls. 
Office (except furniture) 
Store, restaurant and hotel 
Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 


2.642 


693.362 


145.642 


28 


43.085 


83.199 


82.282 


917 


112.269 


955 
81 
252 


108,920 
18,935 
193.308 


34,510 
5,662 
35,280 


5 


13,308 
1,542 
8,873 


26,701 
2.766 
14.041 


26,572 
2.550 
13,691 


129 
216 
350 


11.838 
1,424 
38,146 


(continued on next page) 





















Vol. VI - Page 22 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABl.F. l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL 


PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employee. 


Pay Roll" 




Stock, on 
f>and, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


Type o( Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
MUb- 
lUh- 


Net 
•aim 

(add 000) 


expenses 
( including 
pay roll) 
(add 000) 


proprie- 
ors and 

firm 
nember. 


(full-time 
and part, 
ime). Avg. 
for year 


(add 000) 




Total 


Full-time [ 


'art-time 


Machinery, Bqulpmant and Spla. (oontlnu«d] 




















Industrial equipmant and supplies 




















Industrial (full lias) 


7 


#3,693 


»563 


~ 


237 


»346 


»345 


»1 


»979 


Belting, hose and packing 


51 


26,869 


3,479 


3 


975 


2,132 


8,114 


18 


1,787 


Power transmission equipment 


81 


7,206 


1,064 


— 


389 


716 


710 


6 


784 


Hope, cordage and twine 


18 


6,863 


707 




134 


339 


307 


32 


1,184 


All other 


316 


95,162 


16,262 


1 


5,140 


9,214 


9,200 


14 


13,712 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building 


81 


18,645 


3,160 


— 


676 


1,493 


1,489 


4 


2,227 


Machine tools 


21 


7,369 


1,103 


— 


269 


514 


514 


— 


583 




52 


22,179 


2,970 


— 


617 


1,705 


1,704 


1 


1,588 


Oil well and oil refining 


150 


28,038 


2,796 


4 


752 


1,392 


1,346 


46 


8,607 


Power plant 


9 


5,919 


624 


— 


124 


296 


295 


1 


306 


Textile 


20 


16,068 


4.991 


— 


1,264 


3,617 


3,617 


— 


2,150 


All other 


91 


41,422 


7,833 


— 


2,722 


5,115 


5,089 


26 


11,959 


Profassional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


38 


11 , 220 


2,680 





770 


1,486 


1,486 





2,334 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


117 


18.869 


4,269 


2 


1,043 


2,250 


2,249 


1 


3,288 


All other 


24 


3,789 


848 


— 


274 


553 


552 


1 


444 


Service equipmant and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


18 


3,598 


1,042 


6 


204 


454 


448 


6 


161 


Laundry 


50 


14,871 


3,648 


.- 


875 


2,308 


2,250 


58 


2,719 


Upholsterers' 


43 


6,192 


1,304 





265 


565 


665 





937 


All other 


158 


31,316 


9,907 


6 


2,471 


4,680 


4,673 


7 


4,870 


Transportation equipment and supplies 


9 


2,911 


940 


— 


161 


516 


516 


— 


242 


Uetals and Uetal lork (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


271 


243.350 


23.986 


5 


7.041 


12.685 


12,615 


70 


42.027 


110 


108,011 


13,342 




3,984 


6,993 


6,950 


43 


17,616 


Structural iron and steel 


43 


22,063 


3,326 


1 


1,258 


2,108 


2,106 


2 


5.710 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


50 


27,282 


2,094 


2 


517 


1,050 


1,032 


18 


2,114 


Sheet metal products 


23 


19,350 


2,341 


1 


662 


896 


894 


2 


1,645 


All other 


45 


66,644 


2,883 


1 


620 


1,638 


1,633 


5 


14,942 


Paper and Its Products 


206 


150,420 


18,490 


6 


4,433 


9,168 


9,148 


20 


14,354 


Petroleum and Its Products 


56 


18,175 


3,801 


- 


814 


1,910 


1,904 


6 


1,981 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 


367 


102,251 


21,310 


8 


6,313 


9,701 


9,461 


240 


17,885 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


65 


407,526 


50,103 


7 


3,380 


7,007 


7,007 


- 


12,261 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 


366 


167,468 


18.090 


19 




8.916 


8.848 


68 


24.872 


48 


19,531 


5,493 


3 


1,362 


2,774 


2,772 


2 


4,999 


Forest products (except lunibsp) 


39 


12,170 


1,678 


1 


357 


707 


693 


14 


2,017 


Leather and leather goods 


90 


59,745 


4,239 


6 


942 


2,141 


2,118 


23 


8,105 




29 


29,639 


1,026 


— 


162 


441 


441 


~- 


1,021 


Textiles and materials other than 




















dry goods 


25 


19,389 


2,208 


— 


398 


1,213 


1,212 


1 


5,045 


Tarns 


17 


18,915 


1,480 


1 


372 


759 


759 


— 


2,897 


Ulscellansous kinds of -business 


.118 


8,079 


1,965 


8 


584 


881 


853 


28 


788 


mwiFACTDrass' saus officis 




3.620.074 


239.889 


149 


42.895 


106.093 


105.266 


827 


.. 


Amusement and Sporting Ooods 
UoTing picture films 


140 


119,173 


19,265 


1 


5,552 


10,311 


10,309 


2 


_. 








— 




&,4M 


fi,442 




— 


All other 


9 


34,243 


7,138 


1 


1,483 


3,867 


3,867 


— 


— 


Autonotlre 


36 


53,549 


3,575 


- 


688 


1,687 


1,686 


1 


- 


Beer, Vines and U^uors 


37 


81,280 


9,248 


- 


928 


2,470 


2,470 


- 


- 


Chamieals and Paints 


£09 


190,157 


18,822 


1 


2,484 


7,164 


7,127 


37 


-- 


Clothing and Furnishings 


208 


101,042 


7,872 


52 


1,886 


3,823 


3,784 


39 


- 


Coal and Coke 


6 


11,526 


348 


- 


48 


136 


136 


- 


- 


(continued on next page) 





































Vol. VI 


Page 23 


CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 










TABLE l.-SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


Number 

oi 
Mtab- 
lUh- 
mente 


Net 
sales 

(.dd 000) 


Operating 
expenses 

( including 
pay roll) 

(add 000) 


Active 
proprie- 
ors and 

members 


Employee, 
(hill-time 
and part- 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stocks on 
hand, end 
of year 

(add 000) 


ime). Avg. 
for year 


Toul 


Full-time 


Part-time 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES OFFICES 


31 


19,940 


12.135 




518 


»1,024 


♦1.014 


♦10 




(WITHOUT STOCKS) (continued) 
Drugs and Drug Sundries (speclEilty lines) 












1,685 


4,*qi 


*,-l7R 


19 




Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


28 

107 

4 


11,818 

212,323 

1,335 


787 

7,154 

241 




266 

1,315 

104 


586 

3,806 

99 


586 

3,788 

98 


18 

1 


~ 


Electrical Goods 


E63 


137,180 


8,367 




1,655 


4.377 


4,285 


92 


-- 


Farm Products - consumer goods 


5 


3,350 


696 


-- 


57 


109 


109 


-- 


-- 


Faim Supplies 


33 


17,043 


2,293 




343 


673 


651 


22 


- 


Furniture and House Furnishings 


114 


56,079 


4,547 


17 


598 


1,643 


1.635 


8 


-- 


Srocerles and Foods (specialty lines) 


206 


253,777 


34,223 




3,243 


7,010 


7,004 


6 


-- 


Hardmre 


31 


10,072 


926 




216 


541 


540 


1 


- 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 


41 


6,515 


644 




146 


402 


400 


2 


- 


Lumber and Construction Materials 


277 


169,299 


18,868 




4,421 


9,994 


9,932 


62 


-- 


Machinery, Equipiisnt and Supplies 
OOEcerclal mchnry. , eqpt. and spls. 
Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 
Industrial equipment and supplies 
Industrial machinery 
Professional equipment and supplies 
Service equlrment and supplies 
Transportation equipment and supplies 


1,146 


492,453 


31,111 


19 


6.714 








„ 


316 
9 
312 
345 
44 
72 
46 


21 ! 647 
686 
272,174 
98,949 
3,626 
35,779 
59,592 


'l49 
9.301 
10.821 
1,216 
2.624 
2.177 


— 


1.649 
43 
1,617 
2,261 
294 
501 
349 


3,653 
56 
4,598 
6,234 
689 
1,284 
1,333 


56 

4.579 

6,159 

689 

l!329 


130 

19 
75 

3 

4 


f: 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


476 


1,021,883 


29.371 




5,502 


15.703 


15.625 


78 


r- 


Paper and Its Products 


181 


136,843 


7.988 




1,069 


3.282 


3.195 


87 


- 


Petroleum and Its Products 


25 


46,880 


7.017 




955 


2.350 


2.350 


~ 


- 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 


178 


22,954 


3,130 


3 


666 


1.497 


1.441 


56 


- 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


128 


316,336 


7,993 


1 


1,356 


2.781 


2,781 


-- 


- 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Forest products (except lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 
Textiles and materials ether than 

dry goods 
Yarns 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 


292 


137.267 


13.568 


8 


2.765 


6.778 


6.704 


74 




106 
70 
22 
6 

15 
22 
51 


31:788 
29,751 
10,620 
6,513 

6,950 
46,254 

5,391 


7.909 

1,599 

522 

205 

477 
1,416 
1,440 


2 
2 

2 


1,716 
339 
127 
33 

89 
223 

236 


3.663 

1.051 

320 

130 

281 
681 
652 


3,660 

1,049 

319 

130 

271 
630 
645 


3 
2 

1 

10 
51 


- 


BULK TANK STATIONS 


27.333 


2.704.047 


391.095 


3,546 


1/ 


1/ 


1/ 


y 


♦157687 


Petroleum and Its Products 


18,147 


8^08,076 


256.749 


14.950 


68.285 


129.866 




4.451 


89,565 


Amusement and Sporting Goods 

Cameras & motion picture eqpt. t spls. 
Moving picture films 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties and fireworks 
All other 


245 


23,931 


3,277 


216 


807 


1.54? 


1.514 




333 


13 
40 
19 
137 
36 


1,449 
4,291 
2,260 
13,065 
2,866 


126 
1.641 

112 
1.185 

213 


7 
19 
22 
138 
30 


44 
310 

28 
362 

63 


708 
37 
590 
120 


86 
704 

35 
578 
111 


1 
4 
2 
12 
9 


55 
18 
34 
193 
33 


Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 


448 


66,681 


4.038 


397 


995 


1.691 


1.647 


44 


2.423 


392 
24 


45,393 
6,318 


616 
2.300 
1,122 


26 
350 
21 


157 
747 
91 


305 

1.213 

173 


304 

1,172 

171 


1 
41 
2 


239 

912 

1,272 


(continued on next page) 





















Vol. VI - Page 24 




















CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSiNESi 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll- 




Slocks on 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
liih- 


Net 
salei 


(including 
pay roll) 


propne. 
ors and 


; full-time 
and part- 


(add 000) 




hand, end 
of year 


ime). Avg. 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 




ments 


(add 0001 


(add 000) 


nembers 


for year 








(add 000) 


AOEiNTS toD BROKBRS (continued) 




















Beer, »ine3 and Llquora 


73 


$21,473 


»916 


49 


230 


$482 


»477 


15 


*334 


Beer and other fermented malt liquors 


5 


95 


4 


6 


2 


2 


2 






Wines and liquors 


68 


21,378 


912 


43 


228 


480 


475 


5 


334 


Chamloala and Paints 


420 


98.427 


9.857 


290 


1.085 


2,540 


2.460 


80 


1.557 


Dyeatuffa 


7 


i;i02 


'104 


2 


21 


64 


62 


2 


2 


Explosives 


9 


335 


64 


3 


20 


27 


26 


1 


16 


Industrial chemicals 


75 


28,107 


1,406 


47 


266 


744 


756 


8 


584 


Naval stores 


35 


15,198 


813 


15 


165 


403 


402 


1 


376 


Paints and Tarnishes 


70 


6,524 


431 


51 


142 


275 


249 


26 


31 


All other 


224 


47,161 


7,039 


172 


469 


1,027 


985 


42 


548 


Clothing and Purnishings 


1.203 


417.123 


13.033 


1.135 


3.734 


7,807 


7.722 


85 


786 


Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 


'l63 


711941 


■ 2,710 


-"T^ 


723 


1,667 


1,659 




74 


Men's and boys' 


177 


29,812 


1,222 


178 


312 


647 


657 


10 


155 


■.Somen's and children's 


536 


231,878 


6,082 


485 


1,926 


3,885 


3,837 


48 


171 


Furs, dressed and fur clothing 


74 


9,766 


374 


76 


99 


153 


150 


3 


196 


Hosiery 


87 


47,741 


1,735 


75 


400 


1,035 


1,033 


2 


65 


milinery and millinery supplies 


99 


15,256 


609 


101 


185 


298 


295 


5 


94 


Shoes and other footwear 


67 


10,729 


301 


65 


89 


122 


111 


11 


31 


Coal and Coke 


440 


427,346 


25,300 


82 


5,874 


10,087 


9,911 


176 


12,443 


Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 


140 


26.694 


1.854- 


125 


643 


1.078 




7 


194 


38 


10,365 


445 


32 


145 


248 


245 


3 


92 


Patent medicines 


21 


3,863 


414 


18 


120 


271 


270 


1 


2 


Toilet articles and preparations 


59 


6,948 


548 


53 


229 


280 


277 


5 


37 


All other 


22 


5,718 


447 


20 


149 


279 


279 


- 


63 


Dry Goods (fuU line) 


14 


23,061 


289 


11 


78 


174 


173 


1 


5 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 


938 


1.015.100 


28.403 




5.851 


15,817 


15.723 


94 


12,528 


113 


28,003 


3,787 


106 


743 


1,466 


1,449 


17 


4,654 


Piece goods 


767 


981,461 


24,397 


650 


5,044 


14,252 


14,177 


75 


7,854 


All other 


58 


5,636 


219 


58 


64 


99 


97 


2 


SO 


Electrical Soods 

Electrical merchandise (full line) 


638 


45.863 


3.567 


534 


1.221 


1,832 


1,775 


57 


1,762 


7 


1,269 


68 


6 


^5^ 


38 


34 


4 


24 


Apparotua and equipment 


148 


9,367 


716 


113 


270 


417 


408 


9 


338 


Wirln^f, supplies and construction materia] 


233 


20,351 


1,304 


192 


441 


722 


704 


18 


1,014 


Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


250 


14,876 


1,279 


223 


485 


655 


629 


26 


386 


Farro Products - raw materials 
Cotton 


3.010 


2.710.088 


44.692 


2.976 


16.987 


22,004 


20.147 


1.857 


20.151 


476 


'334 ,'791 


5:589 


479 


1,054 


1,781 


1,734 


47 


8,945 


Grain 


414 


599,343 


6,066 


271 


1,465 


3,198 


3.161 


57 


798 


Hides, skins and furs (raw) 


183 


64.667 


1,705 


154 


479 


947 


909 


58 


1,290 


Horses and mules 


89 


35,095 


1,427 


100 


541 


515 


447 


68 


341 


Livestock 


1,262 


1,243,691 


17,437 


1,581 


6,781 


9,214 


8,613 


601 


2,466 


Silk (raw) 


14 


8,223 


179 


8 


31 


83 


82 


1 


105 


Tobacco (leaf) 


368 


229,467 


8,873 


597 


6,045 


4,959 


3,932 


1,027 


2,095 


Wool and mohair 


130 


102,277 


1,970 


125 


365 


763 


730 


55 


2,604 


All other 


74 


92,574 


1,446 


61 


225 


544 


539 


5 


1,509 


Farm Producta - consumsr goods 
Dairy products 


1.484 


766.282 


28.907 


1.1B2 




14,989 


14.420 


569 


5.109 


35 


30,285 




25 


95 


271 


265 


6 


153 


Poultry and poultry products 


163 


76,601 


2,668 


126 


756 


1,494 


1,411 


83 


753 


Dalri' and poultry products 


68 


52,462 


1,018 


40 


251 


481 


465 


16 


542 


Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 


1,211 


604,514 


24,482 


986 


6,965 


12,664 


12,200 


464 


3,580 


Ail other 


7 


2,420 


154 


5 


56 


79 


79 




81 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 


287 


87.342 


2.218 


249 


529 


975 


948 


27 


342 


143 


56,115 


1,430 


-lis" 


312 


614 


599 


15 


86 


Fertilizer 


125 


27,513 


649 


115 


173 


284 


272 


12 


191 


Seeds 


12 


2,976 


98 


8 


32 


61 


61 


— 


39 


All other 


7 


738 


41 


8 


12 


16 


16 




26 


(continued on next page) 



































Vol. VI - 


Pape 25 


CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 










BUSINESS 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. --SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 










Number 




Operating 


Active 


Employees 


Pay Roll' 




Stocks on 


Type of Operation 
Kind of Business 


of 
estsb- 
li.h. 


Net 
sales 

(add 000 i 


( including 
pay roll; 
(add 000) 


proprie- 
ors and 

firm 
members 


; full-time 
and part, 
ime). Avg. 
for year 


(add ODD) 




hand, end 
of year 

(add ODD) 


Total 


Full-time 


Part-time 


ACKHTS AM) BROKERS (continued) 


428 


$75,283 


»4.026 


362 


1.181 


t2.352 


♦2.278 


♦74 


♦1.485 


rurniture and House Furnishings 


China, glassware and crockery. 


82 


10,466 


'731 


£3 


'216 


446 


430 


16 


* '25 


rioor coverings 


64 


18,175 


917 


38 


244 


575 


553 


82 


1,027 




156 


14,420 


1,235 


123 


408 


717 


692 


25 


307 


House furnishings (except as specified) 


142 


31,900 


1,110 


132 


307 


603 


592 


11 


119 


kuBieal Instruments and sheet music 


4 


322 


33 


6 


6 


11 


11 




7 


Ganeral Merchandise 


69 


68,475 


2,430 


57 


558 


1,477 


1,450 


27 


245 


Groceries (full line) 


21 


11,565 


262 


17 


79 


135 


135 


- 


120 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


2.219 


1,796,819 


26.516 


1,743 


7.044 


14.602 


14.408 


194 


U.233 


482 


294,404 


5^887" 


'356 


lisss 


3:306 


3:265 


41 


3:079 


Coffee, tea and spices 


142 


112,603 


1,344 


145 


330 


681 


676 


5 


77 


Confectionery 


40 


17,339 


394 


35 


84 


ao 


207 


3 


19 


Fish and sea foods 


63 


33,060 


766 


46 


196 


429 


418 


11 


304 


Flour 


123 


65,606 


1,006 


119 


232 


445 


434 


11 


165 


Keats and meat products 


56 


91,120 


758 


52 


168 


385 


382 


3 


• 73 


Sugar 


228 


568,227 


4,641 


144 


1,070 


2,619 


2,599 


20 


1.646 


Other food and grocery specialties 


1,085 


614,460 


11,720 


846 


3,401 


6,527 


6,427 


100 


5,870 


Hardware 


288 


32,508 


2.099 


254 


648 


1.103 


1.061 


42 


486 


Hardware (full line) 


19 


91201 


^27" 


16 


194 


^sT 


386 


— 


67 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


269 


23,307 


1,372 


238 


454 


717 


675 


42 


361 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


124 


6,682 


429 


119 


117 


216 


213 


3 


898 


6 


i;036 


137 


4 


32 


67 


67 




40 


Clocks and watches 


7 


1,582 


71 


6 


14 


45 


. 45 


— 


— 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


24 


982 


27 


24 


9 


11 


11 


— 


87 


Other Jewelry specialties 


81 


2,741 


141 


82 


44 


49 


46 


3 


130 


Optical goods 


6 


341 


53 


3 


18 


44 


44 


— 


41 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


794 


139,147 


8.632 


553 


2.228 


4.315 


4.103 


212 


1.062 


■- 197 


slsas 


I'.SIS 


156 


'400 


'620 


'526 


94 


83 


Lumber and mlllwork 


377 


99,725 


5,329 


253 


1,229 


2,534 


2,459 


75 


655 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


79 


6,413 


848 


57 


246 


433 


413 


20 


53 


Cement, lime and plaster 


18 


1,933 


196 


11 


57 


128 


119 


9 


3 


Glass 


33 


2,602 


195 


28 


66 


114 


111 


3 


26 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


47 


16,050 


572 


22 


137 


337 


335 


2 


233 


All other 


43 


3,539 


274 


25 


93 


149 


140 


9 


9 


Machinery, Equijnient and Supplies 
Conmercial mchnry., aqpt. and sple. 


2.496 


210.757 


20,400 


1.922 


5.989 


11.868 


10.795 


467 


5.237 




















Office (except furniture) 


134 


4,226 


954 


117 


376 


628 


608 


20 


408 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


178 


7.318 


976 


153 


367 


503 


549 


54 


223 


All other 


29 


1,526 


299 


20 


64 


160 


158 


8 


74 


>-urm and dairy maohiuary and equipment 


71 


3,804 


418 


61 


148 


251 


244 


7 


282 


Industrial equipment and suppliaa 




















Industrial (full line) 


7 


2,579 


217 


4 


55 


152 


152 


— 


31 


Belting, hose and packing 


83 


6.691 


524 


64 


176 


325 


317 


8 


49 


Power transmission equipment 


37 


1,937 


169 


30 


63 


88 


84 


4 


66 


Hope, cordage and twine 


37 


16,198 


702 


22 


175 


434 


427 


7 


762 


All other 


577 


45,624 


3,812 


472 


1,071 


2,043 


1,940 


103 


1,110 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building) 


97 


5,908 


650 


67 


205 


355 


347 


8 


313 


Machine tools 


97 


15,617 


1,363 


60 


295 


856 


837 


19 


85 


Mining and quarrying 


49 


3,023 


313 


36 


83 


150 


157 


3 


48 


Oil well and oil refining 


43 


7,559 


578 


29 


133 


354 


343 


11 


888 


Power plant 


150 


11,366 


1,053 


110 


328 


638 


611 


27 


194 


Tortile 


24 


2,339 


167 


16 


35 


73 


71 


8 


1 


Used machinery and equipment 


26 


640 


92 


23 


23 


31 


28 


3 


32 


All other 


259 


17,618 


1,801 


199 


555 


1,038 


970 


68 


315 


Professional equipMnt and supplies 




















Dental 


12 


332 


35 


8 


21 


24 


24 


— 


20 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


37 


2,930 


244 


30 


100 


170 


167 


3 


143 


All other 


33 


1,021 


160 


26 


62 


81 


76 


5 


51 


(continued on next page) 





















Vol VI- Pa«e 26 



CENSUS OF 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION. 193S 










BUSINESS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE 1. -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 








BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 








Type of Operarion 
Kind of Business 


Number 
of 

lish- 


Net 
•ale. 

(add 000) 


Operatmg 
expen.es 
( mcludmg 
pay roll 
(add 000) 


Active 

tore and 
firm 


Employee. 
( full-time 
and part- 
time). Avg. 
lor year 


Pay Roll- 
(add 000) 


Stodu on 
hand, end 
of ye« 

(add 000) 


Total 


FulUime 


Part-time 


Machinery, Bqulpment and Spls. (continued) 




















Serrlce equipment and supplloe 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


53 


»1,235 


»254 


39 


87 


♦104 


lioo 


•4 


•31 


Laundry 


13 


437 


67 


13 


£8 


33 


3£ 


1 


36 


Upholsterers' 


57 


11,786 


617 


33 


162 


309 


300 


9 


60 


All other 


169 


3,477 


427 


158 


189 


210 


193 


17 


66 


Transportation equipment and supplies 




















Aircraft and aeronautical 


12 


11,773 


1,196 


5 


136 


582 


581 


1 


319 


Railroad 


159 


22,026 


2,970 


96 


513 


1.427 


1,341 


86 


£79 


Boats (Including motor, sail t ataflm) 


£1 


933 


72 


16 


32 


49 


48 




4 


All other 


SE 


934 


170 


16 


37 


90 


90 


- 


19 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 
Iron and steel (except structural) 


377 


173,229 


5,78 


282 


1.068 


£.844 


2,731 


113 


1.3E4 


173 


80,922 


2,775 


120 


524 


1,317 


1I274 


43 


'926 


Structural Iron and steel 


42 


5,664 


315 


28 


84 


166 


155 


11 


16 


Wire, wire fence and wire rope 


36 


3,966 


249 


23 


78 


156 


148 




93 


Copper 


10 


2,178 


161 


7 


44 


113 


111 


2 


30 


Sheet metal products 


27 


2,630 


105 


27 


35 


47 


44 


3 


3 


Other metals and metal work 


89 


77,869 


1.573 


77 


303 


1,045 


999 


46 


256 


Paper and Its Products- 

il/repplng dr coarse paper and products 


250 


38,989 


£.014 


233 


542 


1.084 


1.0S5 


£9 


162 


146 


29,644 


1,524 


135 


392 


803 


783 


£0 


85 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


14 


6,402 


259 


8 


50 


165 


164 


1 


4 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


85 


2,893 


228 


84 


98 


114 


106 


8 


73 


Wall paper 


5 


50 


3 


6 


2 


2 


2 


~ 


- 


Petroleum and Its Products 


109 


72,733 


1,729 


63 


3£7 


867 


841 


£6 


144 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 




25.790 


2.680 


313 


888 


1.462 


1.409 


53 


636 


8 


738 


44 


8 


20 


18 


15 


3 


46 


Heating (including stoves and ranges) 


105 


4,248 


586 


74 


201 


334 


324 


10 


82 


Plumbing fixtures, equipment and spls. 


162 


13,262 


1,109 


129 


349 


585 


564 


21 


375 


All other 


152 


7,542 


941 


102 


318 


525 


506 


19 


133 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


9 


1,529 


49 


10 


IE 


26 


£6 


-- 


1 


Waste Materials 

Iron and steel scrap 


112 


40,369 


1.930 


59 


310 


901 


891 


10 


558 


42 


25,900 


1,093 


17 


151 


535 


529 


6 


105 


Junk and scrap (full line) 


8 


684 


73 


8 


25 


27 


25 


2 


11 


Waste paper, rags and rubber 


52 


10,916 


569 


29 


108 


269 


267 


2 


264 


Nonferroua metals 


10 


2,869 


195 


5 


26 


70 


70 


~ 


178 


All Other Products 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 


1.084 


484.590 


12.224 


907 


3.499 


6.202 


6.031 


171 


8.665 


M" 


18:215 


1,854 


253 


1)418 


i;217 


llll? 


— lOO" 


1.059 


Flowers and nursery stock 


73 


9,358 


1,360 


35 


465 


749 


742 


7 


113 


Forest products (except lumber) 


74 


36,761 


1,182 


54 


219 


691 


681 


10 


1,824 




152 


46,646 


1,290 


147 


342 


670 


660 


10 


1.68£ 


Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 


69 


143,963 


1,344 


48 


190 


666 


661 


5 


£97 


Rubber (crude) 


13 


72,882 


562 


10 


69 


£36 


£36 


— 


£.630 


Textiles and materials- other than 




















dry goods 


31 


16,216 


367 


34 


56 


110 


108 


2 


89 


Yams 


112 


127,649 


3,304 


76 


409 


1,818 


1.304 


14 


877 


Miscellaneous kinds of business 


271 


10,700 


961 


250 


331 


545 


5££ 


23 


94 


ASSHtBLSRS 


£6.515 


£.463,011 


166. £45 


16,695 


87.378 


74.401 


6£.8£7 


U.574 


H5.150 


Farm Products - raw materials 
Cotton 


14,293 


1.493.387 


66.320 


7,802 


30.085 


28.507 


£5.848 


g.65» 


175.717 


1.360 


£87.608 


10.913 


1,216 


2,080 


£.5£8 


2,319 


£09 


37,910 


Grain 


8,907 


745,932 


35.568 


2,948 


17,538 


17.184 


15.708 


1,476 


56, £18 


Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 


453 


13.555 


1,151 


443 


661 


558 


465 


93 


1,836 


Horses and mules 


258 


9.304 


792 


303 


383 


£66 


£41 


es 


497 


Livestock 


2,476 


309.774 


8,207 


2,270 


3,737 


3. £99 


£.941 


358 


£.939 


Tobacco (leaf) 


261 


74.213 


6,4S1 


122 


4,199 


3.449 


3.167 


£62 


75.057 


Wool and mohair 


135 


30.943 


1,685 


139 


310 


474 


441 


33 


456 


All other 


443 


22.058 


1.523 


359 


1.177 


749 


566 


les 


804 


(continued on next page) 





















Vol. VI - Page 27 



CENSUS OF 
BUSINESS 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION; 1935 
UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
TABLE 1.- -SALES, EXPENSES, PERSONNEL, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS 
BY TYPES OF OPERATION AND KINDS OF BUSINESS 



ASSEIfiLERS (aontlnued) 
Farm Produeta - conaumsr goods 
Dairy produeta 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
All other 

Farm Supplies 
Feed 

fertilizer 
Seeds 
All other 

Iroeerles and Foods (specialty lines) 

All Other Products 



Number 

of 

eslab- 



10.814 
2,867 
2,157 
3,479 
2,867 



♦865.968 
178,049 
157,074 
96,270 
431,457 
3,118 

29.250 
20,438 
1,106 
6,334 
1,372 

69,541 

4,865 



Operating 
( including 
add 000 I 



♦87.730 
12,514 
10,187 
5,105 
59,698 



1,834 
137 
315 
136 



1,234 

1,905 
3,160 
1,375 



and part- 
.me). Avg. 



1,001 
73 
169 



♦39.999 
5,617 
5,195 
2,563 



♦32.444 



♦15.065 



impracticable to obtain employment and pay roll for commia 
b owned but held on consignment valued at #124,872,000. 



Vol. VI - Page 29 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 

VOLUME VI 

SECTION TWO 

SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS-SIZE GROUPS (TABLE 4 



The number of establishments, net sales and total operating expenses 
for the various kinds of business of wholesale merchants and industrial 
distributors are analyzed by business size groups (based upon net sales) 
in Table 4. To make the data more useful, operating expenses are also ex- 
pressed as a percent to net sales. Data are presented for each of the 
29 kind-of -business groups by geographic divisions and for the 13 largest 
cities for the following six size groups: 

GrouE_Number ilisiness_Size_Grou2 

I Net sales under $50,000 

II Net sales of $50,000 to $99,999 

III Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

IV Net sales of $200,000 to $499,999 

V Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 

VI Net sales of $1,000,000 and over 

For the United States as a whole, the data are given for 142 kinds 
of business and the number of size groups has been increased from six to 
nine as follows: 

Groue_Number Business Size, GrouB 

I Net sales under $10,000 

II Net sales of $10,000 to $49,999 

III Net sales of $50,000 to $99,999 

IV Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

V Net sales of $200,000 to $299,999 

VI Net sales of $300,000 to $499,999 

VII Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 
VIII Net sales of $1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

IX Net sales of $2,000,000 and over 

Table 4 gives, for the various kinds of business, the geographic loca- 
tion of wholesale merchants and industrial distributors by size of business. 
It shows for each trade, for example, where the larger houses are located, 
and permits a study of their operating expenses and the percent of the total 



Vol. VI - Page 30 



business done by them. This table permits the comparison 
for each area of operating costs of small and large size 
establishments in a given trade. It also indicates 
differences existing between trade groups as to average 
size of establishment and operating costs and, for some 
kinds of business, points out the optimum size. 



For geographic divisions and for cities, the limited 
number of establishments necessitated presenting the data 
by kind-of-business groups rather than in detail. While 
most of these groups represent a combination of more or 
less homogeneous kinds of business, some are composed of 
trades which require varying degrees of wholesale services 
with a resulting marked difference in operating expenses. 
For example, the automotive group consists of automobiles 
and other motor vehicles, automotive equipment, and tires 
and tubes. Automobile distributors as a rule carry a 
small number of items with high unit value and with a high 
turnover rate. Such establishments normally have a large 
volume of sales and a low expense ratio. On the other hand, 
automotive equipment houses are, as a rule, required to 
stock a large number of items with low unit value many of 
which have a low rate of turnover. The sales volume of 
these houses is normally much lower than for automobile 
distributors and the expense ratio somewhat higher. When 
grouped together and studied by business size, the equip- 
ment houses are generally found in the lower size brackets 
while the distributors appear in the larger sales groups. 
In the intervening size classes, however, both types of 
houses may be found. Hence, some allowances must be made 
for variations in the operating expense ratios. 



Voi, Vi - Page 31 



The data are arranged in Section two ( Table 4) as foliov 



Page 



united States Summary. .......=...=.,........==.===.==.==.'. 

(142 kinds of business each subdivided by 9 business 
size groups) 

Kind-of-Business Groups by Geographic Divisions and Cities; 



Amusement and sporting goods .....,.....=.,=...=....===.... 40 

Automotive = = = = . = .... = = = ... = = = = = = .. = . 41 

Beer , wines and liquors .........■.....,.......=......■.==. 42 

Chemicals and paints ...... = .,.....,., 43 

Clothing and furnishings ,......_..,.......... 44 

Coal and coke 45 

Drugs (full line) ■ ■ - • ■ 46 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) ..,......=......= 47 

Dry goods (full line) ,.........,..,...........=.=..===.... 48 

Dry goods (specialty lines) ..... = ............ = 49 

Electrical goods ................. = ........ = . = ...... 50 

Farm products-raw materials .... = .,..........,........ 51 

Farm products-consumer goods .................=.....=.....• 52 

Farm supplies 53 

Furniture and house furnishings 54 

General merchandise 55 

Groceries (full line) . 56 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) ..................... 57 

Hardware ................=.:..........==.================== 58 

Jewelry and optical goods ................................. 59 

Lumber and construction materials. ......................... 60 

"Machinery, equipment and supplies. ......................... 61 

Metals and metal work (except scrap) ...................... 62 

Paper and i ts products .............................. = ....= 63 

Petroleum and its products . 64 

Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies. .............. 65 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) .................... 66 

Waste materials ........................ = ......... = ..... = -.= 67 

All other .,.,..,,,.,.=.,.=,,=,,=,..,.,.,.=........==..==.= 68 



Vol. VI- Page 32 



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Vol. 


VI - Page 33 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION. 1935 T^BLE 4.-SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE CROUPS 

WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED 

For 142 kinds of business 


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Amusement and Sporting Gooda 

Cameras and motion picture equipment and supplies 
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Sporting goods (full line) 

All ither 

Automobiles and other motor vehlclee 
Automotive equipment 
Tires and tubes 

Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other femented malt liquors 
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Chemicals and Palnta 

Dyaatuffs 

Explosives 
1 Induatrlal chemioala 
I Naval stores 

Paints and vamlahes 

All other 

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Men's and boys' 

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Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery aupplleo 

Shoes and other footwear 

Drugs (full Una) 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 
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Toilet articles and prsparatlons 
All other 

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Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece gooda 
All other 

Electrical Goods 

Electricel merchandise (full line) 
Apparatus and equipment 

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Radios, refrigerators and appllaneee 

(continued on neit page) 



Vol. VI - Page 34 



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CENSUS OF BUSINESS UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 ^^B,^ ,_S^LES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE CROUPS 

WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED 
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Farm Products - raw loatarlals 

Orain 

Hides, eklns and furs (raw) 

Horees and mules 

Silk (raw) 
1 Tobacco (leaf) 
Wool and mohair 
All other 

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Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
All other 

Fertilizer 
Seeds 
All other 

Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as specified) 
Musical matrumente and sheet music 

Oenoral Merobandiee 

Oroceries (full line) 

Oroceries and Foods (spaclalty lines) 
Canned goods 
Ooffes, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Fish and sea foods 
Flour 

Soft drinks 

Sugar 

Other food and grocery specialties 

Hardware (full line) 
Hardware (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 

Dianonds and other precious stones 
Other Jewelry specialties 
Optical soods 

(continued on next page) 



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4,517 
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32.4 

16.8 
15.3 
20.1 
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1,292 
5,095 
3,077 
839 
1,394 

512 
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2,883 


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1,043 
318 

3,392 
393 
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425 
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22.0 
35.0 
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581 

4,701 

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861 

826 

324 

673 

269 

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New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
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Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St Louis 

San Francisco 


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Vol. VI - Page 41 


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67,726 
93,378 
24,437 
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19,646 

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19,508 

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5,118 
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1,402 

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1,403 
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New Eneiand 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
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Baltimore 

Ci.'veland 
Detroi t 
Los Angeles 

New York 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St, Louis 
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Vol. VI - Page 


42 














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6.7 


-.1 i 
" 1 


i 


13,697 
21,935 
13,984 
14,287 
16,188 
z 
5,387 

10,404 


i 


4,924 
5,614 

X 

5,588 

3,304 

z 

10,821 

2,518 

3,499 
2,698 


Ji 


s 


EdSS^^^-^^^S 


s 


CDOOrHOOj jinCMlD*lin-* 




iiiii 


^ 


.*ioe-toto«>o>^in 


CTi 


lOTCCOtO HW^tOOMMCMO. 


ss^^s-^sssl 


332;:^ ^S3 3S 


^^ 


1 


23,236 
34,246 
38,360 
17,051 
14,999 

7,522 
10,151 

3,148 
18,045 


tr. 

CM 


3,609 

5,148 

897 

11,382 

X 

4,990 
2,500 
6,475 

X 

3,368 
2,891 


i i 


1 


E:S§S5^SSS 


g 


gC;jCM^rHCM<0(DCr>CMrHC-0> 


1 


m^i 


"• 


14.5 
16.5 
14.4 
16.7 
14.9 
15.0 
15.1 
13.8 
15.8 


rH 


X 

14.7 

12.1 
18.6 
13.0 
17.3 
22.3 
23.4 
16.3 
11.9 
z 
17.1 


^^ 


i 


9,516 
16,045 
27,383 
7,434 
7.315 
1,929 
6,653 
3,151 
12,604 


8 


I 
2,165 

5,059 

413 

353 

2,946 

1,558 

3,356 

1,011 

841 

2,678 


Ji 


s 


S8SSS5SSSJS 


s 


"S^S""5J'^S""'^g 


i 


^u«l 




•OtOrHCMOCMlomcn 


s" 


16.3 
30.4 
24.7 
15.7 

X 

14.3 
16.4 
16.7 
24.5 

9.2 

z 

19.9 


c^in^'tor-uDinjojo 


.1; 


1 


S?SS|S9SS 





455 
334 
239 

X 

203 

1,198 

618 

2,276 

z 

817 

X 

1,461 


.,«2a.^^cMCM(Il 


ii 


1 


^^g|S8SS3 




UJ-ftOMHtOCDOOMCniOtOCn 


i 


iiiii 


« 


CTiCOL^tNinOtnrHlE 


H 


CDOMO>in(OCMI>00 Htoc- 


SSSS55S3SS 


00 


53S SSSS:5SS 33 


Hi 


s 

a 


toOCOrHCO^CMCMCJ 




165 
179 

1,131 
105 
59 

1,023 
436 

1,300 
515 

X 

141 
912 


.HOCn^jiCMrHCMrHin 


h 




§SS8§S^S| 


s 


.0 «> H 3 .0 ^ « c;^ g gj H * * 


'A 

1 


as;l 


N 


13.5 
13.7 
11.5 
12.7 
12.3 
9.7 
11.9 
14.1 
13.6 


'". 


11.4 
13.8 
13.2 
10.7 
20.2 
4.0 
12.6 
12.7 
13.2 
11.6 
11.1 
13.5 
14.0 


^U 


1 


o>-<ftocMcnincoc-rH 


3 


T)lrHOt7>tOCT>OI>CM(7>OrHrH 


S§SSSf3S3g 


« « g M ^ « m CM « « 


J 


s 


s^slisiHs 


i 


S S " 2 ::! S S 5 S 9 S S S 




1 


1 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 


i 


Baltimore 
Boston 
Buffalo 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Ml Iwaukee 
New York 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St, Louis 
San Francisco 





















Vol. VI - Page 43 




§ 
i| 

z 5 

-^ 
^i 

IS 

11 

|i 

^' 

OQ 

i 
11 

go 

si 


.1 

! 
-4 

.si 

% 
1 

1 

CJ 


c 


1 
1 


^ U^l 


Z 
< 

2 


^ 


3 S ^ '*'*''' ^ 


rH 


' 5 ' <^' ' S ' ' ' 




'- J 


s 
s 


5,693 
57,658 
12,493 

X 

X 

4,117 


1 


!g!|-H||lll« 

to « g 




Ji 


s 


«^^ ■ «M . , to 


^ 


lIOICMCMrHCMIOl 1 1-M 




1 

5 


i H«i 




9.8 
15.1 
18.0 
15.7 
X 
13.3 
14.2 

X 

18.6 




HlOIOI rHHiCMMI K H 




^1 1 


i 


4,367 
12,447 
6,450 
3,753 
X 
2,676 
2,053 

X 

3,095 


1 


3,227 
3,223 

X 

7,616 

X 




h 


s 


^.^oinio* to^^ 


« 


M .0 1 ^ . « CM J « 1 ^ CM 




1 
1 
S 

1 


asil 




16.6 
19.7 

X 

11.0 


2 


i i i i' 




H i 


I 


C0CDlOOl-*t<l^«IO 


1 

IS 


X 

2,096 
1,964 

8,160 
1,220 




vi- •* in in to -H 




ii 


3 


SgJdSS"^^" 


o> 






1 


h ii^\ 


S 


23.3 
20.7 
24.7 
23.7 
22.8 
19.0 
23.2 
21.9 
20.4 


^ 


21.8 
18.2 

23.9 
30.0 
33.1 
19.6 

22.9 

21.8 




- i 


2 


2,043 
7,281 
6,157 
2,477 
1,436 

399 
1,356 

882 
2,637 


3 


.H to" 




ji 


s 


3KS3S"-"'3 


^ 


in<0CM0.10 «)«)CM*U>r-IH 




i 
i 

o 

i 


hii^i 


i 


CM^nH^O»^00-HIN 


i 


10^ Mtooo McrHin^-H Hin 




^^SSsiS S5?3S 


SIS sssssssjds s 




,t i 


\ 


1,758 

5,241 

4,320 

1,563 

1,072 

284 

443 

348 

1,417 


i 


333 
465 

X 

1,044 
906 

463 
334 
2,432 
552 
212 

437 




ii 


i 


^^ocMjn^^^g 


;ij 


in .> u, 2 « ^ - * ^ - " ~ - 




1 

-1 

:5 


n^^l 


■". 


COOTin^UJW CMC7.CT> 


s 


rHcocMi-in ooo.^rHO'C^in 




§5^SgSS S35S 


^S?5S5S 8SSSSSS5S 




^n 


i 


1,143 

4,278 

3,704 

1,456 

833 

306 

554 

184 

1,871 


1 


166 
429 
168 
929 
406 
327 
651 
273 
2,421 
397 
168 
234 
391 




ii 


.-1 


g|gSSSS3| 


i 


3 3 '^ § S ^ S 3 3 s ^ a S 




1 

i\ 

=5 


iisi-i 


.-1 


CDO.U30-HO.OCM10 


3 


CO'OtOOCJi tOtOcnOCO^*CM 




333SJS;1 2SS 


S a S 3 ?3 3 3 S 3 S 53 8 3 


i 


-J 


i 


19,542 
101,793 
38,937 
14,528 
18,715 
8,351 
5,610 
2,218 
13,900 


CT> 


2,127 
9,808 
1,323 

12,184 
6,229 
6,773 
6,142 
1,621 

80,026 
4,424 
808 
2,616 
4,840 


1 

-1 
■1 


i 

2 


5 


3§S^SSISS5S 


i 


53SSgSSSS3SS3S!S 


•3 


1 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


1 


Baltimore 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

SI. Louis 

San Francisco 


1 

% 

1 
1 



















Vol. VI - Page 45 


wJoLe\al™TRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 4.-SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 

Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population 
For 29 kind-of-busincM groups 


1 

1 

i 

J 

u 


1 


a=;i 


1 

i 
< 

< 
8 




^*"*i 


CD 




nj 




50,654 
29,934 
32,670 

X 
X 


1 




ii 




g ;^ « in ^ ^ 1 ! i 


^ 






^H^i 




S22 


i 




^M 




4,258 
11,599 
5,793 


1 






S 


M 1 1 1 1 


r-t 




1 

1 


l3 S. S fts; S 




SS33 


in 




.^^! 


1 
^ 


3,935 
7,095 
5,559 
1,955 


\ 




i i 




,,o..., ,. 


s 




i 

i 

B 

i 


^if;i 


o> 


21.4 
17.0 
17.6 
25.5 
25.6 

21.8 


i 




-; 


i 

Si 


553 
2,224 
2,712 
1,128 

574 

578 


i 


1 


ii 


E5 


■" H M "^ '*' 1 1 1 ■* 


« 




1 

o" 


itiii 


c3 


14.9 
20.8 
22.5 

15.9 

X 


S3 






i 
i 


|||S g 1 « « « 


1 




ii 


3 


to^otou, 1 ^^^ 


5§ 




i 

1 


=3 1 s J i 


d 


21.8 
21.6 
18.7 
20.4 
25.5 
18.3 

18.1 


CD 




Hi 


I 


isss 3^ "^ ""i 


°- 




2 J) 


S 


.oo,..... 


^ 




s 

-.1 


J 1=^1 


^ 


CCCDCDtOOtorOn^ 


s 




H 




^^j 


^ 

s 


69,948 
53,508 
48,780 
17,908 

3,918 

2,500 

167 

102 

1,503 


1 

1 




1 


s 


5S3S ^"""KS 


! 




< 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
Fast South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 


i 


S^^a^5-~j^°izZz:^^ 



Vol. VI - Page 46 



WHOLESALe'di's'SuTION: 1935 TABLE 4.-SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 

Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities o( more than 500,000 Population. 
For 29 kind-of-business groups 


i 

■£ 
s 

1 

UJ 


1 


.is;-= 


J 
i 

§ 

Q 


c. 


<D«c-«>ioc-ooi> 


rH 




^ 


3:::J"h;:!"33h 


^n 


B 


sissSiisI 






I 


^^sjsa"8'°§ 


Ji 


1 


•" 3 Si S " ■" 3 •" 3 


S 




i 
1 


^i=;i 


o 


^Tj-conioowo-'i" 


■". 






iou'<t<Nin'4<>oa>Ti< 


.1! 


s 


eiHsi^H 


i 




^ 


««oo«2u.^«« 


ii 


g 


c^ir)M«c-aoc^-*c- 


3 




1 

B 

1 
§ 


^u;i 


o> 


NO(T.M«0>^C~ 1 






n 




^1 I 


i 


si§g§^§i' 


w 




E 


M««M«>MM« 


1 1 




,fia..n-*3co*a) . 


'* 


1 
1 


1 

1 


j 1 s i i 


rH 


d S 3* ^" S ' ' 


^• 




"S 


i 
i 


§r"Hg' ' 


i 




i i 


jd 


,). * N ^ « n « j 1 


<M 




1 

J 


j is^i 


"• 




1 




^1 5 


1 


Ig-S^|l« 


! 




Jl 


s 


1 ^ rH ^ to M to 1 rH 


1 






iiiii 










,i i 










1 ^ 










ll 


iU'l 


Q 


«>cCM<o<j.;nojio^ 


J4 




H 


d:^S^2SS^3 


a ! 

3 




«a>ntococoMO'* 






^5!ESS5sas 


1 


1 


S?5^S5SgSJ3 


S 




a 


TATES 

and 
llantic 

h Central 
th Central 

antic 

h Central 
th Central 


^51 


Bal timore 
Boston 
Bulfalo 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 
New York 
Philadelphia 
Pi ttsburgh 
St Louis 
San Erancisco 








UNITED S 
TOTAI 
New Engl 
Middle A 
East Nor 
West Nor 
South At 
East Sou 
West Sou 
Mountain 
Paci fic 





















Vol. VI - Page 47 


g 

i ^ 

«| 

>■ UJ 

i 

i 
1 


1 
L 

Z o 
o " 

■3 i 

Si 

.2 

1 

.id 

! 


1 

1 




j u^-i 


1 

! 
1 

o 

1 










'■ 1 










Ji 










1 


^ Hil 




"33" ' ' s 




i 


at o> ' ' ' 


^= i 


i 
1 




1 


1 1 ; 1 1 1 « 1 s 1 ! 1 « 

S3 


1 i 




H CO c- 1 rH 1 e\j 1 CO 


a 


! 1 ! -1 1 " 1 ^ 1 1 I - 


1 


^ H^l 


CJ 


McnOincMMMMoo 

si d 8 S3 s' 


00 
i 


MHM.HMI MHinMMOOH 


^n 


1 
1 


I 

11,983 

3,823 

3,382 

2.307 

X 

X 

1,551 




MMM.^M.MM^^MMg^H 


J 1 




-"^ — 


s 


M^H^H.^M^C^^tOtO 


1 
a 

1 


^Uii 


t7> 

i 


X 

23,5 
22.9 
23.4 
25.7 

X 
19,1 

20,4 


s 


31,8 

20.5 

27,1 
23,1 

24,4 
21,8 


^n 


1 


8,357 

2,447 

644 

2,227 

X 

404 
481 


s 


i^'i^irir^" 


ii 




IDrHI^-iniOOJIO 1 'f 


? 


..,.«„„«,..„. 


i 

s 
i 


iUil 




18.8 
23.5 
25.2 
28.8 

16.2 

X 

25.0 




Mortoooo-oMrHtoiMeo 


.1! 


i 


469 
4,688 
1,862 

351 
z 

350 

720 

X 

1,058 


s 


200 

558 
235 
172 
175 

4,094 
195 

639 


Jl 


§ 


-SS"""3^3 


g 


MtO 1 OOIOrOIOHC-tO |CMO> 


1 
1 

3 


tis ii^i 


S3 


„^,^^^^coo« 


to 


lOiOMc-OlO'^rOMMOt- 1 


5?S^SSSS^^ 


?5 


SS ;3SS?5S?3 S8 


^U 




460 

4,080 

2,202 

775 

1,041 

615 

981 

179 

1,440 


■t* 




2 -S 


§ 


„ ^ to to to s sj; ,H M 


5i 


!q3"53^S-SS'"S ! 


ij 


i2 S: S w 2 


i 


^.O^tD OOMtOt- 


^ 


•Htftcor-oc-iointotjitno-* 


S538SSS2S153 


S3 5 f5 S S3 S S S sJ S 3 S S 


^u 


§ 
^ 


2,495 

52,235 
24,410 

5,152 
13,392 

1,940 

4,112 
588 

8,489 




1,682 

894 

286 

11,630 

1,025 
878 

4,627 

730 

45,660 

2,189 
643 

1,613 

2,709 


1 

i 


•* 


Sg|3S5S32 


S 


^ s ^ s a g 2 s K s " 8 :!; 


< 


i 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 


i 


Baltimore 
Boston 
Buffalo 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 
'New York 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St. Louis 
San Francisco 



Vol. VI - Page 


48 














WHOLE^ALE^DIsSuTION- 1935 ^^^^E 4.-SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION. 1935 ^^^ WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 

Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities ol more than 500,000 Population. 
For 29 kind-ol-busines* groups 


•o 

1 

.t; 
S 

1 

t2 


S 


H=;i 




to 








1 


n! 


1 
i 

a 


1 


27,671 
65,259 
54,957 
16,049 
11,106 
11,402 


s 




i J 


g 


M;HO«>om,n^^ 


a 




1 

2 


^u;i 


i 


rH KOOOINCD^ MO 






h; 


". 


2,579 

X 

1,898 
2,478 
6,269 
5,134 
7,630 

2,142 


5 




Ji 




*in(Miococ-o>Heo 


(0 




1 


^u;i 


o 


to^o>»^u>.l<HK 


in 




3 


in 2 2 « 2 3 2 


'U 


S 


923 
4,567 
1,836 
2,084 
5,701 
4,728 
1,612 

X 


n 




i i 


g 


"3^"'SS""^^ 


o> 




1 
$ 

1 


iUii 


o 


l^.^^^^^<o^MK 


i:~ 




3 


3^333:33 


-5 


3 
S 


1,014 
2,097 
227 
690 
2,349 
604 
718 

I 


1 




Ji 


- 


f-^win^ininwH 


s 




1 

2 
1 


i - - r 


^• 


X 

13.9 
16.4 
18.9 
15,6 
20.8 
18,9 

16.4 


^" 




^n 


1 

i 


^^liiiri 


1 




J J 


s 


MOCOtOM'l<«)MOO 


lO 




1 


^i=;i 


5 


K « 1 1 in <o o j j 






n 5 


1 


H H 1 1 O '<1< O 1 1 


s 




h 


s 


rt 01 1 1 t> j-j <n 1 1 


to 




3j 


^h;i 


uo 


•*ONnc^«C^CM[0 


". 




3 


3323^3353 


-J 


i 


sH^ssiss 


1 




"'SSSSgJ^"" 


1 


s 


S2&SS5S*°3 


<o 




< 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


i 


Baltimore 

Buflalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St. Louis 

San Francisco 





















Vol. VI - Page 49 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 4.-SALES AND EXPENSES BY BUSINESS SIZE GROUPS 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 

Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 
For 29 kind-of-busines. groups 


"o 

1 

S 

1 

-8 

i2 




iu:- 




























Ji 














i 

1 


Hs^l 


1 

1 
>■ 

Q 


c 


-.3,-,,i. 


s 


K o> 1 M 1 K o , O rH [ j H 




^M 


1 

1 


X 

143,695 

7,055 

6,881 


s 

3 


X 

2,797 

4,759 

X 

5,342 

140,372 
3,323 




Ji 


3 


.«.,«,,,. 


•>* 


... ..rH..o«. ;« 




B 


adi 


^ 


13.6 

15.3 

X 

X 

11.5 

X 
12.4 


«• 


KinicnwcOrHK^u^KK 1 




^u 




66,096 
6,533 

X 

X 

939 

X 

6,578 


^ 
g 


X 

1,906 

4,411 

1,125 
5,052 

X 

60,949 
3,028 

X 
X 




J i 


g 


S^S-"-|S 


S 


rH 




1 

1 


a?ii 


3 


16.0 
14.8 
17.9 
x 
13.7 

X 

18.4 


«• 


X 
18.6 

16.9 
20.8 
14.4 
13.9 

14.8 

15.6 

X 

20.0 




n; 


1 
1 


2,676 
35,415 
4,079 

839 
3,720 


^ 


1,973 

2,504 
549 
388 

1,155 

X 

33,160 
1,342 

X 

449 




ii 


s 


3Sg----!S5 


i 


«;* j 0>^,OCOrH| o«co ; 




1 
° 

1 


^fi] 


■^ 


17.2 
16,1 
16,2 
19,0 
15.8 

X 

12.2 

X 

14.4 


S 


15.5 
19.7 

X 

17.2 
14.1 
14.1 
14.9 

16.0 
13.2 

X 




M| 


i. 


1,107 
20,021 
3,439 
405 
1,017 

245 

X 

1,440 


1 


w^^^i^'^r^'' 




jj 




<DrHCiU5lO-*tO«0 
rH CO ■* rH CM 


S 


^°" """^"s ^"" " 






i 


ii'ii 


3 


21.4 
16.1 

19.1 
15.7 
15.4 
12.4 

X 
X 

17.1 


<o 

rH 


14.7 
22.1 

X 

19.2 
23.3 
20.5 
18.3 

X 

16.2 
13.4 
16.3 
13.3 
16,5 




a I 


1 


1,607 
17,288 
2,388 

445 
1,154 

201 

X 

1,602 


S3 


580 
1,062 

1,295 
176 
190 
799 

X 

15,002 

1,199 

355 

195 

460 




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13.0 
12.4 
13.6 
20.3 
13.4 
12,4 
16,8 
20,1 
13,8 


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14!o| 
10,4 
14.0 
18.7 
7.4 
12,4 
20,9 
12.2 
15.7 
11.9 
21.9 
14.^ 


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1 


J 

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11,363 

282,515 

23,494 

2,213 

5,495 

1,560 

893 

179 

20,221 


i 


3,270 

8,460 

144 

14,811 

1,563 

4,350 

13,091 

820 

267,577 

■9,894 

1,171 

1,069 

2,570 


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1 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


i 


Baltimore 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St. Louis 

San Francisco 


1 
1 
1 

2 

1 



Vol. VI - Page 


50 














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16.9 

X 

15.6 

X 

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14.8 

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18.5 

15.5 

15.2 

18.4 

11.4 


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8,879 

19,817 

7,218 
13,109 

29,594 
53,418 
8,980 
6,241 
10,306 


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18,8 
21,4 
20.6 
19.7 
16,8 
15.7 
16.8 
18.1 
17.4 


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22.8 
19.1 
23.2 
23,4 

X 

X 

15.5 
18.3 
23.8 
20,9 
16.7 
20.9 
21.1 


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706 

896 

630 

2,550 

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1,495 

503 
5,285 
1,313 

444 
1,127 
1,448 


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3,125 
9,774 
5,025 
2,285 
2,696 

389 
1,207 

410 
3,862 


1 


412 

1,096 
497 

1,167 
628 
420 

1,567 
196 

4,739 
960 
272 
293 
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1,958 

7,334 

4,407 

1,214 

1,449 

450 

518 

629 

2,434 


1 


212 
469 
66 
1,321 
258 

784 
171 
3,835 
865 
223 
306 
407 


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h Central 
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h Central 
Ih Central 


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Bal timore 
Boston 
Bu (faio 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 
New York 
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St LOUIS 
San Francisco 


New Engl 
Middle A 
Last Nor 
West Nor 
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Vol. VI - Page 51 


§ 

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118,335 
70,695 
104,115 
208,905 
54,049 
69,859 
47,715 
11,318 
46,565 


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X 

106,943 

X 

60,071 

5,823 
34,531 
21,412 

11,359 
16,594 


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11817 
29,259 
14,077 
18^336 
14,220 
11,397 

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8,341 


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6,329 
2,443 

2,725 

21,307 
5,639 

2,910 
1,978 


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13.4 
10.1 
9.6 
11.6 
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8.3 
6.7 
9.5 
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« m j E- M M o M in ^_ « o> K 
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5,844 
23,120 
11,040 
12,327 
14,673 
10,487 
5,883 
2,585 
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14.3 
10.4 
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13.6 

X 
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10.8 


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1,911 
13,052 
5,760 
4,357 
2,243 
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X 

18.9 
X 

19.6 
12.1 

26.6 

12.1 
11.8 

21.7 
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ss:5SSS'^"s 


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1,245 
9,762 
4,201 
1,409 
1,338 
680 
1,478 
1,162 
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14.7 
18.2 

16.9 

26.5 
23.0 
15.6 
14.4 
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11.3 
15.4 


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752 
8,036 
1,548 
667 
915 
419 
769 
724 
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5.8 
4.4 
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8.0 
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9.5 
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1 


3,556 

118,466 

10,974 

65,557 

908 

3,762 

3,884 

7,272 

104,015 

30,379 

4,634 

17,357 

19,757 


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New England 
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West North Central 
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West South Central 
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Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

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Vol. VI - P 


af;e 


52 














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50,395 

283,478 

144,426 

51,925 

8,903 

z 

6,431 

z 

52,485 




z 

32,457 

z 

83,021 

3,761 

10,561 

17,290 

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193,095 

20,898 

28,085 

7,640 

17,662 


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9.3 
10.8 
10.7 

8.7 
12.0 

12.0 

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13.3 


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10.5 
8.7 

11.2 
14.2 
12.4 
10.8 
4.2 
11.6 
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16,496 
104,818 
78,259 
42,253 
81,954 

z 
17,109 

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39,736 


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2,905 
7,915 

27,114 
6,036 
7,698 

11,804 
2,936 

60,308 
9,721 
3,477 

10,556 
8,195 


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454 
817 

400 
199 
383 
132 
129 
457 
200 
090 
677 
939 


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13.0 

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8.4 
11.0 
13.5 
10.8 
12.9 

9.7 
11.1 
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16,692 
65,750 
49,875 
22,605 
17,793 

6,527 
11,882 

6,818 
24,395 


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5,513 
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10,206 
4,108 
3,788 
5,277 
1,746 

31,865 
6,523 
2,884 
3,984 
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31,699 
28,247 
10,794 
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5,784 
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4,272 
13,060 


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1,351 
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4,486 
1,715 
2,409 
2,834 
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10,823 
3,011 
1,600 
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11.4 
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6,383 
24,028 
19,426 
9,125 
7,942 
4,188 
5,951 
3,717 
11,193 


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1,441 

1,415 
614 

2.236 
897 
886 

3,983 

417 

10,033 

2,955 
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216 
318 
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717 

2,733 

8,324 

1,064 

8J.3 

401 

600 

351 

1,808 


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h Central 

h Central 
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Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St. Louis 

San Francisco 


UNITED S 
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New Engl 
Middle A 
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Vol. VI - Page 53 



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2,859 
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1,364 

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1,384 

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4,510 

1,621 

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25.7 
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18.6 
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8,420 
2,977 
604 
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8,367 


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1,360 
254 
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6,397 
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7,201 

8,669 

428 

709 

132 

285 

164 

1,582 


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548 
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1,236 
233 
323 
876 
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5,629 
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83 
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16.7 
18.3 
15.6 
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16.3 
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14.9 
19.0 
19,0 
16.9 
13.3 
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Middle Atlantic 
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South Atlantic 
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Baltimore 

Boston 

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Chicago 

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*8 ^3"e5<°83 "'a 


ii 


8 


3S?SS33S3S 


g 


iOio(Minioocoin<i>into-*<o 


1 

s 


iliii 


CD 


11.8 
10.0 
9.2 
9.2 
7.8 
8.0 
7.5 
7.4 
8.8 


°. 


oio^NHMioHin>oioo> j 

U>lOC^t> O CJONr-H 


II ! 


1 


16,878 
57,504 
59,980 
66,798 
65,363 
49,313 
71,476 
25,928 
16,167 


1 


2,265 

2,087 

1,943 

3,636 

z 

z 

2,923 

z 

11,173 

4,111 

4,181 

2,080 


ii 


§ 


SJgg^SE^SSS 


S 


10lOO«)HW'i'rH10<0<0« j 


1 


t .- - : 


00 


in'l|inrHNo.iot-H 
<nCT^oO(jJco[>i>ooo.' 


3 


0>M0>CD<0MI>C^M0>«5 


^^! 


1 


22,842 
39,725 
57,585 
43,075 
88,247 
58,265 
89,497 
21,993 
13,683 


! 


1,760 
1,161 
3,854 
2,028 
4,429 
2,593 
1,184 
4,482 
4,012 
1,599 
1,894 
z 


i i 


i 


sss^gsss^ 


to 


cMin^M<oncD^igN*<oin 


1 


i5 S. Ss^i 1 


m- 


tDo>op-oo>c-coa> 
OTOToCcncDOTC^ajio 


°i 


c^ rjcooJco go inc^ 


-5 


1 

1 


4,450 
6,442 
13,164 
5,950 
20,070 
12,359 
17,955 
2,446 
3,901 


!- 


"§"i^ir|rii 


ii 


rH 


rH rH 


g 


eM.<i<rHOn<oc3No.nrHtoin 


i 

§ 

1 


i J 5 ° 1 


03 


12.2 

10.5 

10.3 

13.5 

9.2 

9.8 

8.3 

11.2 

7.9 


c- 


'i' i •"■ ' 3 '"' ' 


-s 


Ed 


721 
1,877 
3,633 

936 
6,201 
2,744 
3,025 

930 
1,150 


1 


!^lg-|||g«l« 


i i 


i 


a§5S:5^55S5 


^ 


jco lOcMNin iniOM jcm 




^u;l 










^= 1 










Ji 










J2 

.J 

8 


^u;l 


^. 






(DrO-acO-^NinOrHMtOrHrH 


c.' o o oJ CO CO oo 0) CO 


- ^ - 3 3 - - :J d - - S 3 


- ! 


1 


Is3^ssei° 


S 
■* 


127 
812 
675 
863 
185 
084 
001 
085 
094 
332 
478 
,889 
849 


seie^gsss 


i 


"^^S^SS^^S^S^ 


1 


? 


^iiii^ls^ 


S 


3 S 3 S S S S 53 S S 3 S 3 


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New England 
Middle Atlantic 
Cast North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 


1 


Bal timore 

Buffalo 
Chicago 

Detroit 
Los Angeles 
IVIi Iwaukee 
New York 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St, Louis 
San Francisco 





















Vol. VI - Page 57 


i 

^ H 

15 

>■ tJ 

CO S 
1^ 

i! 

1 

i 
il 

Eo23 

P 


■1 

1 

1 

ii 

S 5 

1 

a 

O 


1 

s 
-s 

1 


s 

1 


j H^i 


J 
1 

i 

a: 

i 


■n 

rH 


9.7 
10.4 
10.4 
14.2 
12,2 
14.9 
14.6 

8.5 
14.8 


<-< 


12.5 

9.6^ 
LI. 5 

17.1 

10.0 
12.1 

9.3 
14.7 


'■ I 


1 


33,601 
101,350 
66,675 
26,049 
15,452 
3,682 
8,704 
5,818 
40,259 




16,832 

z 
41,203 
10,473 

11,149 

78,159 
9,561 

9,429 
19,377 


Ji 


C^ 


SSSSS "-"^S 


3 


CM0>rHOinCM<0 1 «<D iincM 


1 

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12.3 
10.7 
12.4 
12.6 
8.0 
7.6 
12.5 
7.5 
13.2 




13.5 

z 

13.8 

9.3 

z 

12.6 

12.3 

11.0 

9.6 

16.4 

12.2 

17.5 


^H 


1 


28,199 
101,413 
55,275 
29,386 
30,783 

5,380 
14,335 

3,748 
27 , 945 


S 

CtT 


z 
13,952 

z 
26,081 
5,761 

5,095 
2,000 
69,140 
11, 589 
2,739 
8,789 
12,018 


Ji 


8 


Sg?:5!5-S'"S 


§ 


"E3"S""""S^^S3 


<« 


b - 2 : 


rH 
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CMOC0-*O <OCO<Din 


o 


^-^CrHUXOOUJOJCBrHCOC- 


d^^'s^ss^^' 


3 


2 3 3 3 :* s" ^ ^ ;:i a 15 ^ i 


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I 


5ilsS3§E§ 


S 


218 
454 
441 
103 
043 
450 
750 
234 
946 
742 
785 
151 
312 


g§S^5.2S-S 


s 


,o2^g^o>cc,^;g^to^o> 


Ji 




Bisssss^S 


I 


ss-sssas^K^ss 


1 

1 


j if«-i 


■* 


0000»<OOCMO,H 


.H 


lnoococ7.oa3oo'o^^l(Dolo 


33S2d332S 


H 


CMn00vOI>tOC-O>.*«C~jC^rH 


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i 


rHtO*CD«3CMO>C-rH 


g 


sBssiSiiisIss 


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Ji 


5 


3igiS^3"S 


S 


S5"3?3S?$SS5i5l3S 


i 

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^ 


t-lO.OrH.OCMint'O 


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ooin.i.inincoio<oin-*cMt>N 


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:^:3S32:S3S2:hSh3 


"5 


1 


S8S|S3||S 


§ 


iisislSisiiSS 


S^S3S-3"3 


5l 


CMCM u^^CMCM CO CM CMCM 


Ji 


§ 


(3><DOCM<J>>0"*CMO 


s 


S 51 2 E^ J3 S 5 ^ § § S g S 


1 

g 

3 


.iU^-i 


CO 


coiDor-^coincMin 


2 


CDOO.£>OCM«>^C^U)CDrHOrH 


5^^5:5:^322 




H? 


E 


CDOOIN^rHcOCncJ^Ol 


i 


CT>tOoO>CMU><D^CO<i>rH^CM 

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^CMg^O^*^ CM a. 


^ 


rHH COrHrHrH COCM rHM 


Ji 


1 


325 
1,100 
1,167 
372 
661 
227 
433 
123 
541 


i 


cMC0c-a>rHincM-*<ac^rH<oc- 
a>iacMotDooc>jincOrHco<ou> 




^u;i 


CM 


11.9 
12.3 
12.7 
14.0 
11.5 
11.7 
13.3 
11.7 
15.0 


CD 


11.7 
13.5 
13.7 
12.6 
12.5 
11.0 
15.9 
14.8 
11,8 
13.2 
16.3 
12.6 
16.0 


.1 i 

■ 3 


^ 
1 


137,454 
422,228 
279,154 
114,758 
152,750 
41,957 
78,758 
26,908 
147,274 


i 

i 


22,925 
60,627 
7,440 

104,998 
28,150 
25,671 
35,205 
9,132 

260,631 
44,060 
10,647 
28,889 
48,021 


i 
J 


rH 


798 

2,523 

2,188 

765 

1,328 

422 

795 

227 

1,073 


to" 


sl^issl^si^ss 


1 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 


i 


Boston 
Bu ffalo 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 
New York 
Philadelphia 
Pi tisburgh 
SI Louis 
San Francisco 



Vol. VI - Page 58 



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Vol. VI - Page 59 



si 

Si 

3 

Z 

si 

si 


1 
i 

i 

1 

1 
o 


1 

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1 
1 




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< 

Q 

z 

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2 










h! 










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1 


j 1 sii 




s s ' ' ' ' s 


c^ 


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i 


24,297 
11,639 

6,733 


5' 


Z 

11,030 

3,045 

23,481 

z 

3,120 


ii 


5 


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. i - - : 

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to 


14.1 
17.3 
27.4 
28.6 

z 

z 
L7.1 


<o 


L3.1 
16.8 

28.1 

z 

17.0 

15.3 

z 
24.5 

z 
80.8 


^i! 


1 


2,956 
13,524 
7,177 
1,805 

z 

z 
3,599 


S3 


891 
1,582 

2,577 

z 

1,971 

9,284 

z 

1,262 

z 

913 


J i 


d 

M 


Ss^S""" I" IS 


s 


"•° 1 a.M^C-Hg;**«« 


s 

1 


^i5«i 


s 


18.9 
33.6 
34.1 
25.6 

27.3 


i 


"""irr^'^iss 


-S 




z 

11,909 

3,394 

1,560 

857 

z 

2,687 






Ji 


s 


''SS;:;-"-"^ 


S 


MinrHCDC-rH«r-(^g Hi ^ t 


1 
1 

s 

1 


^u;i 


CO 

si 


29.7 
17.3 

31.3 
27.7 

z 
28.5 

z 
18.3 




27.6 
24.9 

28.3 

z 

33.6 

13.4 

z 

14.7 

20.4 

16.4 

z 

15.8 


1 


1 


960 

9,371 

3,130 

1,973 

1.021 

z 

842 

z 

1,697 


1 


r-T C^ 


Ii 


E 




o> 


.<l<C~,4*'<t<tOU>C~rHH'4< M -^ 0> 


o 
§ 

i 
a 


ts i=^l 


N 


NintfjtonMMOW 


3 


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S3Sg^SK^8§i 


S 53 S S g S 3 S 3 3 S 53 S 


^u 


i 

i 


1,205 
10,397 

3,054 

1,105 
476 
258 
415 
400 

1,595 


i 


97 
639 
427 
1,218 
149 
492 
522 
121 

1,064 
141 
218 
486 


6 .. 


% 


SgSSSi^SSS 


o 


-" g 3 S °' s! ?3 " 1 3 "^ "^ S 


1 

Jj 

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j i5«l 


?; 


0.000-* coooinrHO 


s 


ina>iocoinininrHinu5 wcaio 


^SSJSSP^^Ss! 


S S S § S S S B S 3 S3 ^ SJ 


■ 1 


1 


7,415 

69,498 

28,394 

6,443 

9,363 

742 

2,355 

904 

16,311 


i 


3.189 

4,942 

801 

16,969 
1,825 
2,006 
7.478 
532 

56.195 
6,000 
2,270 
1,664 
5,853 


J 


1 


S||Se3SS3^ 




;? g 3 g S3 §5 S "^ 1 S 3 5 5 




1 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
Last North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 


I 
i 


Baltimore 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St, Louis 

San Francisco 



Vol. VI - Page 


60 


















2 
O 

o 

!i 

S3 

< 

ii 

u5 


1 

i 

1 

1 
1 


1 

c 
1 

.2 


1 


a = ;i 


< 

z 

i 

u 

Q 

z 

< 

1 

D 




17.7 
16.3 
17.2 
17.6 

X 
X 

21.8 


1^ 




^. , «« 




^U 


S 

s 


8,514 
12,379 
20,573 

4,891 

12,484 


1 


,",|^:|; 


1 




Ji 


K 


O^CDO ..O^ ,H. 


s 


1 " 1 ^ " 1 " 1 


^^ , .H« 




o 


Hfii 


3 


ass s 3 si 




H „ „ ^ in ^ to « 


CO IN ' 




^M 


1 


3,473 
18.157 
15,634 

4,310 

X 

1,268 

X 

3,799 


ID 


1,863 
1,628 
2.573 
3,184 

X 


|«S« 1 




h 


3 


. .«.«.. too 


s 




J^'""^ 1 




1 
1 


^u;i 


^ 


L9.7 
22.2 
20.4 
20.0 
17.0 
17.3 
19.6 
15.8 
80.5 




X 

30.4 
25.1 
22.6 
29.3 
25.2 
16.4 


to O IN O K 




^M 


S 


5,548 
27,597 
20,208 
10,671 
14,257 
5,296 
6,279 
1,769 
7,748 


§ 

8 


1,133 
1,221 
4,135 
1,479 
1,579 
1,412 


13,678 
2.455 
1.790 
2.197 




Ji 


s 


SS3 S SSS^^S 


s 


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■J" 




i 
1 


jlr«l 


^ 


OOCM^invOOrH^-W 


to 


cisMrHcnoinM 


rHCVJ ^ H CN 




Si ?j S Si S K3 S3 S g 


s; 


SiS SSSi S 


^E33 ^ 




-; 


1 


islHisssg 




742 
517 

X 

2,514 
1,520 
1,419 
1.871 

X 


6.495 

2,169 

847 

1.471 




«^«lO^-^^H^ 




Z ji 


3 


SiSSKSSSiSS 


^l- 


'"'^'^^33::^" 


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1 


m^i 


"2 


cinoOCD-rjo^rH^ 


s 


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^3_g_S_K 




n; 


i 


1,207 
10,830 
7,898 
2,467 
3,728 
1,982 
1,931 
488 
2,915 


§ 


§ "§K ''oSS 


3,155 
919 
538 
492 
278 




h 


g 


SSSSSSS"^ 


s 


^-"" g"^*" ^" 


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1 

s 

3 


Hfii 




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s 


CUO>.* inCOM CDO 


M ^ ^ to W 




gSSw^'^MWMMW 


J^SS ^^^ SS 


SSSS^ 




n! 


1 


1,122 
5,411 

4,688 
1,856 
2,231 
1,016 
1,191 
398 
2,326 


ID 


264 
172 
34 
1,106 
430 
298 
577 
116 


^.^aSi 




Ji 


i 


se^ — "5^S 


g 


M^^ 53SS^ 


S^^SS 




ll 

3 


mii 


•^ 


in ^ CD c; ^ ^ o o^ o 




[-C\)0 t>MI><0«> 


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3S8 « 3SS3SJ 


S^SS^SSS 


S33^S8 


i 




^ 

s 
s 


SgSSKR^Si 


s 

Tf 


,*CD<DO>U)inCMH 

iSi5SSSS5 


sasH 


1 


s§i3s;??^s"s 


■* 


ini>-to^a>,D«rH 


« H ^ in CO 




i 
J 


1 


^|ss iSS^I 


H 




SSS^S 


o 


S 
< 


UNITED STATES 

TOTAL 
New England 
Middle Atlantic 
1 East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
Fast South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Paci fic 




Baltimore 
Boston 

Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 


New York 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St. Louis 
San Francisco 


1 

2 

I 



Vol. VI - Page 61 



$ j I si 



£ 2 

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51 



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Vol. VI - Page 62 



S S 

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2,198 

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9,988 
37,023 
22,203 
10,660 

3,357 
4,443 
2,649 
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5,448 
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2,406 
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2,568 
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14,743 
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1,462 
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1,164 

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Vol. VI - Page 64 



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20.1 
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3,372 
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1,461 
1,678 
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Vol. VI - Page 65 


S^Jle'diSuTION: 1935 ^^^^^ ^-^^^^ ^^"^ ^"^^^^^^ «^ «"^'^^^^ ^'^^ ^'^^"''^ 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED 

Geographic Division, and the 13 Citiei of more than 500,000 Population. 

For 29 kind-of-bu8ineM groups 


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18.7 
20.3 
16.7 
14.8 
10.9 
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4,498 
80,854 
14,879 
4,928 
9,494 
4,896 
1,654 
8,890 
5,030 


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5,443 
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3,084 
2,047 
1,974 
12,156 
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23.1 

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15.8 
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10,850 
1,414 
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1,658 

z 

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3,368 

8,534 

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1,371 

18,191 

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21.2 
20.4 
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18.8 
19.6 
19.7 
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18.6 
88.6 
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19.3 
18.4 
17.3 
23.9 
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19.8 
83.8 
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5,874 
18,173 
10,206 
2,826 
3,619 
1,228 
2,341 
912 
3,933 


1 
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1,866 

765 

1,458 

451 

643 

771 

1,848 

6,470 

1,690 

608 

590 

1,008 


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80.6 
86.1 
18.9 
15.8 
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86.1 
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8,968 

U,461 

4,559 

1,434 

8,818 

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1,407 
5,904 
5,033 
937 
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266 
588 
143 
948 


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80,374 
86,094 
49,391 
17,130 
86,433 
7,596 
9,817 
6.438 
18,338 


rH 

s 


4,835 
5,866 
1,887 

18,185 
4,084 
6,897 
4,607 
4,891 

36,784 
8,773 
4,170 
3,449 
4,698 


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UNITED STATES 

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Middle Atlantic 
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Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angeles 

Milwaukee 

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Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

St. Louis 

San Francisco 



Voi. VI - Page 66 
















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26,621 
120,815 
56,188 
17,890 
33,998 

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8,657 
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5,828 
11,008 

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23,181 

9,079 
10,123 

5,815 

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15,565 
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11,541 
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7,759 

22,171 


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4,175 

5,839 
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5,101 
2,302 

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12,443 
3,300 
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39,266 
47,129 
11,369 
15,159 

5,399 
13,538 

5,595 
14,821 




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1,304 
3,690 

5,648 
2,111 
1,266 
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14,133 
10,194 
4,654 
5,088 
1,956 
2,781 
3,228 
2,534 


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1,364 

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1,047 

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Vol. VI - Page 67 



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Vol. VI - Page 


68 














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3.668 


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6,269 
26.741 
10,963 

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7,190 

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2,403 

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3,371 


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10,003 
34,025 
16,428 
5,491 
4,177 

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1,498 
7,571 


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5,353 

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2,973 

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22,101 

3,068 

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2,379 


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18.4 

20.3 
15.7 
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16.9 
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7,555 

19,368 

10,515 

4,986 

3,060 

924 

2,081 

831 

9,390 


1 


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2,298 

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3,323 
1,035 

961 
2,404 

972 
12,335 
1,827 

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1,677 
1,814 


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^u;i 


en 


19.4 
19.1 
22.2 
20.8 
18.6 
20,7 
19,9 
24.1 
13.6 


": 


18.7 
19.0 

21.3 

29.5 
19.5 
25.6 
20.7 
18.3 
17.4 
18.9 
15.1 


-! 


rH 


4,548 
15,703 
8,479 
2,711 
4,473 
1,442 
1,759 
798 
3,583 


! 


849 
2,435 

l.BU 
514 

1,099 
970 
195 

9,147 

1,798 
477 
758 
842 


jj 


s 


sasRSssss; 


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4 


4,507 
15,557 
7,748 
2,807 
2,590 
1,338 
1,818 
842 
4,487 


1 

8 


573 
1,567 

449 
2,180 

642 

639 
1,201 

426 
8,495 
1,762 

477 

565 
1,326 


Jj 


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CM CD ^ rH rH ■* 


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088 

316 
249 

471 

991 
614 
290 
969 
434 


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TATES 

and 
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ll Central 
tfi Central 

antic 

ti Central 
th Central 


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t 


Baltimore 
Boston 

Chicaeo 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Milwaukee 
New Yorli 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St. Louis 
San francisco 








UNITED S 
TOTAI 
New Engl 
Middle A 
East Nor 
West Nor 
South At 
East Sou 
West Sou 
IVIountain 
Pacific 



,r f 



Vol. VI - Page 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 
VOLUME VI 
SECTION THREE 
ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES BY FUNCTIONAL DIVISIONS (TABLE 5) 



Table 5 which follows, analyzes the operating expenses of wholesale 
merchants and industrial distributors by functional divisions. For the 
purposes of this tabulation, each wholesale merchant or industrial distri- 
butor whose sales in 1935 exceeded $50,000 was requested, where possible, 
to report administrative, selling, delivery, warehouse, occupancy and 
other expenses separately. It was found, however, that the expense accounts 
of establishments whose business amounted to less than $100,000 usually 
could not readily be classified as above. For this reason, the data in 
Table 5 are limited to establishments with sales of $100,000 or more. As 
a number of houses whose sales exceeded $100,000 were likewise unable to 
classify their accounts into the six functional divisions, the number of 
establishments for which an analysis is given in Table 5 is somewhat less 
than the total number. The table, therefore, presents the number, net 
sales and operating expenses of all establishments with sales in excess of 
$100,000 in addition to the information for those reporting an analysis of 
operating expenses. 

In general, establishments not reporting all classes of expenses are 
omitted from the analysis. Exceptions were made in the case of delivery 
expenses and, for those trades where yard storage is common, in the case 
of warehouse expenses. No establishment is included which failed to re- 
port some occupancy expenses. This rule was followed in order to eliminate 
those concerns which owned their premises but which failed to report ex- 
penses somewhat comparable to rent. 

The data are presented in summary for the United States for 142 kinds 
of business. For some trades, they are further analyzed by the following 
business-size groups. 

GrouE Number Business Size Group 

I Net sales of $100,000 to $199,999 

II Net sales of $200,000 to $299,999 

III Net sales of $300,000 to $499,999 

IV Net sales of $500,000 to $999,999 

V Net sales of $1,000,000 and over 

Following the United States summary, an analysis is given for 100 more 
or less homogeneous kinds of business as indexed on the following page. 
Data are shown where possible for each of these kinds of business by geogra- 
phic divisions and for the 13 largest cities. For most trades, it has been 
necessary to restrict the amount of detail by areas due to the limited num- 
ber of establishments. 



Vol, VI - Page 70 



Ihe Information In Section Three (Table 5) is arranged as follows: 



Page 
United States Summary 71 

^usement and sporting goods: 

lIoTlng picture films 76 

Sporting goods (fiai line) 76 

Toys, novelties and fireworks 76 

Automotive: 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 76 

Automotive equipment 76 

Tires and tubes 76 

Beer, wines and liquors: 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 77 

Wines and liquors 77 

Chemicals and paints: 

Industrial chemicals 77 

Faints and varnishes 77 

Clothing and furnishings: 

Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 78 

Hen's and boys' 78 

'/forcen' s and children' s 78 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 78 

Hosiery 78 

Killinery and millinery supplies 79 

Shoes and other footwear 79 

Coal and coke 79 

Drugs (full line) 79 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines): 

Drug speclaj.ties 79 

Toilet articles and preparations 80 

Dry goods (full line) 80 

Dry goods (specialty lines): 

Notions 80 

Piece goods 80 

Electrical goods: 

Electrical, except appliances 80 

Radios, refrigerators and appliances 81 

Faim products-raw materials: 

Cotton 81 

Grain 81 

Hides, skins and furs (raw) 81 

Tobacco (leaf) 82 

Wool and mohair 82 

Farm products-consumer goods: 

Dairy products 82 

Poultry and poultry products 82 

Dairy and poultry products 83 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 83 

Farm supplies: 

Feed 83 

Seeds 83 

Furniture and house furnishings: 

China, glassware and crockery 84 

Floor coverings 84 

Furniture (household and office) 84 

Kusical Instruments and sheet music 84 

Oeneral merchandise 84 

Groceries (full line) 84 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines): 

Canned goods ■ 85 

Coffee, tea and spices 85 

Confectionery 85 

Fish and sea foods 85 

Flour 86 

Ueats and meat products 86 

Soft drinks 86 

Sugar * ■• 86 



Page 

Hardware : 

Hardware (full line) 86 

Hardware (specialty lines) 87 

Jewelry and optical goods: 

Jewelry (full line) 87 

Clocks and watches 87 

Diamonds and other precious stones 87 

Opt leal goods 87 

Lumber and construction materials: 

Builders' supplies (full line) 88 

Lumber and mlllwork 88 

Cement, lime and plaster 88 

Glass 88 

Sand, gravel and crushed stone 88 

Machinery, equipment and supplies: 

Commercial machinery, equipment and supplies: 

Office (except furniture) 88 

Store, restaurant and hotel 88 

Farm and dairy machinery and equipiient 89 

Industrial equiiment and supplies: 

Industrial (full line) 89 

Belting, hose and packing 89 

Rope , cordage and twine 89 

Industrial machinery: 

Construction (including road building) 89 

llachlne tools 89 

Uning and quarrying 89 

Oil well and oil refining 89 

Professional equipment and supplies: 

Dental 90 

Surgical, medical and hospital 90 

Service equipment and supplies: 

Barber and beauty parlor 90 

Laundry 90 

Upholsterers' 90 

Transportation equipment and supplies: 
Boats (including motor, sail and steam) 90 

Hetals and metal work (except scrap): 

Iron and steel (except structural) 90 

Structural iron and steel 91 

Wire , wire fence and wire rope 91 

Sheet metal products 91 

Paper and its products: 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 91 

Fine or printing and writing paper 91 

Stationery and stationery supplies 91 

Wall paper 92 

Petroleum and its products 92 

Plumbing and heating equlnnent and supplies: 

Plumbing and heating (full line) 92 

Heating (including stoves and ranges) 92 

Plumbing fixtures, equipment and supplies 92 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 93 

Waste materials: 

Iron and steel scrap 93 

Junk and scrap (full line) 93 

Waste paper, regs and rubber 93 

All other products: 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 94 

Flowers and nursery stock 94 

Forest products (except lumber) 94 

Leather and leather goods 94 

Oils and greases (animal and vegetable) 94 

Textiles and materials other than dry goods.... 94 

Yarns 94 























Vol. 


VI - Page 71 


Wh''oLESALE™r?BUTION: 1935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 

(Only tho.e ettablishment! with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 


Kind of Business 


All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 


Eslablishmenu analyzed | 


--' 




0.„.,,„.„._Uc.d,.p„„,,)^. ...,.,.. e„,. 


N-mb., 


(.dd 000) 


Op.,.,- 
to ule> 


Toul 


^tivt 


s.in.« 


Deliveiy 


Vl.„r 


Occa. 


0... 


AMJSBJENT AND SPORTING GOODS 


8 
52 
44 
62 
59 

307 


$1,587 
34,118 
13,448 
16,676 
17,068 

352,295 


18.6 
12.3 
21.2 

15;5 
8.5 


5 
34 

32 
37 

163 


$1,186 

9 ',935 
8,153 
11,572 

206,966 


15.6 
14.8 
20.9 
22.0 
14.0 

9.0 


4.2 

5.9 
7.1 
3.7 

2.3 


4.7 
6.6 
7.1 
7.0 
6.1 

3.5 


.9 
.7 
.9 
1.5 
.8 

.2 


.9 
1.2 
2.1 
1.7 

.2 

.6 


2.5 
1.1 
2.3 
2.6 

1.5 

1.5 


2.4 

.8 
2.6 
2.1 
1.7 

.9 


Cameras and motion picture 

equipment end supplies 
UoTlng picture filma 
Sporting goods (full line) 
Toys, novelties aod fireworks 
All other 

Automobiles and other motor 
vehicles 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 

Automotive equlpnent 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 

Tires and tubes 

BEER, -raJES AND LldUQRS 


39 
40 
51 
73 
104 

863 


5,866 
9,832 
19,630 
53,244 
263,723 

206,917 


11.1 
10.8 
10.3 
9.3 

24.3 


16 
17 
22 
49 
59 

514 


2.471 
4,038 
8.548 
37,089 
154,820 

122.407 


16.4 
12.9 
11.0 
9.2 
8.6 

25.2 


5.5 
3.4 
3.7 
2.8 
2.1 

7,8 


5.4 

3.9 
2.8 
3.2 
3.5 

B.4 


1.0 
.4 
.5 
.2 
.2 

1.3 


1.2 
1.1 
.8 
.4 
.6 

2.3 


2.0 
3.0 
1.8 
1.5 
1.4 

3.0 


1.3 
1.1 
1.4 
1.1 
.8 

2.4 


514 
169 
119 
61 

102 
621 


40,795 
44,666 
50,967 

40,027 
140,058 


26.6 
25.9 
24.0 
20.2 

13.8 
13.8 


108 
81 
32 

76 
351 


26,125 
30,206 
25,462 

18,969 
82,170 


26.4 
24.8 
21.3 

21.1 
14.1 


8.5 

8.3 
7.3 
6.7 

6.1 
3.2 


8.8 
8.8 
7.4 

7.0 
3.6 


1.6 

1.3 
1.5 
.8 

1.9 
2.7 


2.0 
2.5 
2.1 
2.6 

1.3 
1.3 


3.6 
3.1 
2.9 
1.6 

2.8 
1.7 


i.1 
2.4 
2.2 
2.2 

8.0 
1.6 


Beer and other fermented malt 
liquors 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 

Wines and liquors 

$100,000 to 199,999 
S2O0,D0O to 299,999 
^300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 

Dyeatuffs 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 

CLO'iUm; AND FOBMISHBIG^ 

Clothing and/or furnishings 

(full line) 
Men's and boys' 

$100,000 to 199,999 

$200,000 to 299,999 

$300,000 to 499,999 

$500,000 and over 

Women's and children's 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 

?ure, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery auppllee 

Shoes and other footwear 

(continued) 


390 
109 
86 
37 

772 


53,515 
25,780 
31,670 
29,093 

345.550 


15.3 
13.7 
12.8 
12.4 

11.2 


212 
63 
54 
22 

494 


29,136 
14,936 
20,309 
17,789 

244,676 


15.3 
14.7 
13.2 
12.6 

11.6 


3.6 

3.0 
3.3 

3.6 


3.7 
3.8 
3.1 
3.8 

3.8 


3.1 
3.4 
2.2 

2.1 

1.1 


1.8 
1.4 
1.3 
1.3 

.8 


2.0 
1.6 
2.8 

1.1 


1.8 
1.6 
1.4 
1.3 

1.8 


269 
144 
166 
124 
69 

22 

5 
97 
21 
180 
57 

171 

278 


381615 
35,297 
64,001 
85,359 
122,378 

12,512 
853 
61,612 
21.038 
45,157 
51.647 

60,027 
88,559 


15.2 
12.9 
11.2 
10.6 
9.9 

27.7 
12.5 
12.3 
6.2 
21.9 
19.5 

14.0 
13.2 


148 
90 

106 
97 
53 

9 
2 
55 

90 
15 

108 
173 


21 : 109 
21,914 
41,078 
66,670 
93,905 

6,839 

38,456 

4,346 
22,629 
39,423 

34,208 
56,095 


16.7 
13.4 
11.9 
10.5 
10.6 

34.1 
11.3 
12.2 
11.9 
22.0 
20.8 

13.9 
13.1 


6.0 
3.6 
3.5 
3.6 
3.4 

6.0 
3.9 
4.9 
4.2 
6.9 
13.4 

4.7 
4.5 


4.4 
4.6 
3.5 
3.5 
3.8 

19.7 
1.1 
3.7 
2.6 
6.6 
6.1 

6.4 
4.8 


1.4 
1.4 
1.3 
.9 
1.0 

1.6 
3.4 
1.0 
2.1 
1.7 
.3 

:; 


1.3 
.8 

.7 
.8 

1.2 
.8 
1.0 
1.5 
2.0 
.2 

.5 


2.5 
1.5 
1.2 

.9 

1.2 

.9 

.7 
2.6 
.6 

1.4 
1.3 


2.1 

1.5 
1.6 
1.1 

4.4 

1.3 

.8 
2.2 
.3 

1.2 
1.0 


141 
50 
45 
42 

487 


19,329 
12,110 
16,694 
40,426 

201.213 


14.1 
14.3 
13.3 
12.5 

13.3 


83 

32 

25 

305 


11,304 
8,060 
12,104 
23,627 

142,541 


14.6 
14.8 
12.9 
11.9 

13.1 


4.9 
5.3 
4.5 
3.9 

4.4 


6.1 
6.2 
3.8 
4.6 

4.5 


.7 

.9 
.5 

.8 


.6 
.5 
.8 
.9 

1.0 


1.6 
1.7 
1.6 
1.0 

1.3 


.i 

1.3 
1.4 
1.0 

1.1 


184 
9S 
94 
86 
28 

75 
78 
95 
211 


26,137 
23,290 
35,947 
60,848 
54.991 

25,025 
29,111 
26,700 
109,688 


12.9 
14.1 
13.1 
14.0 
12.5 

11.2 
10.7 
16.7 
13.8 


102 
65 
56 
59 
23 

36 
42 
66 
146 


14,854 
16,012 
21.652 
41,650 
48,373 

14,226 
16,595 
21,025 
87,010 


12.8 
14.1 
18.8 
13.7 
12.5 

10.8 
11.3 
16.5 
13.9 


4.7 
5.1 
4.8 
4.6 
3.7 

4.5 
3.8 
5.3 
4.1 


4.1 
4.2 
4.0 
4.9 
4.6 

3.3 
4.3 

1:1 


.8 
.9 
.8 
.8 

.5 
.7 
.6 
.8 


.6 
.8 
.8 
1.0 
1.4 

.4 

.5 
.7 
.8 


1.8 
1.9 
1.5 
1.3 
1.0 

1.2 
1.1 
1.9 
1.0 


.9 
1.3 

.8 
1.1 
1.0 

.9 
.9 
1.7 
1.4 



Vol. VI - Page 72 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPFRATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




(0 


nly Ihoie eitablishmen 


5 with » 


ales ol n 


nore than $100,000 a 


re included.) 










Kind of Business 


All Mta 


blishments w, 


h sale. 
,000 


Establishment, analyzed | 


ot more than $inf 


..„., 


Nel »lcs 


op.. 


-' ""-• 


<. (incl,id 
rct.cd ., 


ag P«y t 


»ll) ol ,u 




'■"""'■ 


.„.., 




Op.,.,- 


Tol.1 


"I'vT 


S.ll,„, 


D.Uv.r, 


W.,e- 

hou.. 


Occu- 


Olh» 


OQAL AND COKK 


197 


$191,263 


11.8 


49 


»92,105 


10.1 


2.0 


1.7 


1.2 


1.8 


2.3 


1.1 


DRUGS (FULL LIME) 

$100,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499.999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
SI, 000, 000 and over 


259 


296,835 


13.0 


194 


238,006 


13,6 


4.7 


3.4 


.7 


8.0 


1.0 


1.8 


37 
45 
70 
107 


6,731 
17,437 
51,237 
221,430 


13.0 
14.2 
14.0 
12.7 


20 
33 
54 
87 


3,621 
12,528 
39,813 
181,944 


12.8 
13.7 
13.9 
13.5 


4.7 
4.6 
5.3 
4.6 


3.6 
3.4 
3.5 
3.3 


.6 
.6 
.6 
.7 


1.4 

2.1 
1.7 
2.1 


1.4 
1.6 
1.3 
.9 


1.1 
1.4 
1.4 
1.9 


"""(llTlA^^^g^f"^ 


























Drug specialties 

Patent niedlclnes 

Toilet articles and preparations 

-d.1 otter 


76 
32 
73 
40 


18,849 
17,622 
30,117 
34,345 


15.2 
15.6 
25.5 
17.5 


40 
9 

25 


8,754 
4,418 

8;317 


16.5 
18.8 

15 '.8 


5.5 
5.0 
9.3 
4.5 


4.7 
9.6 
12.4 
5.6 


1.3 
1.5 
3.1 
2.1 


1.8 
.9 
1.2 
1.2 


1.7 
1.5 
1.5 
1.1 


1.5 
.3 
.6 

1.2 


DRY GOODS (FULL LINE) 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


217 


257,698 


14.4 


146 


135,312 


14.7 


3.9 


5.4 


.5 


1.2 


_ J^6 

2.1 
1.4 
1.5 
1.3 
1.7 


2.0_ 

1.6 
1.6 
2.1 
1.3 
2.3 


57 
31 
37 
42 
50 


8,156 
7,569 
14,615 
32,310 
195,048 


13.9 
15.3 
15.3 
14.4 
14.3 


35 

28 
30 
33 


4,972 

4,942 
10,978 
23,175 
91,245 


13.7 
16.1 
16.1 
13.9 
14.8 


4.3 

5.2 
5.2 
4.3 
3.5 


4.2 

5.4 
5.5 
5.3 
5.5 


.9 

'.7 
.8 
.5 


.6 

1.0 
.9 
1.3 


DRY GOODS (SFECLALTY LINES) 


























Notions 

Piece goods 

$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and over 


178 
505 


53,315 
226,805 


17.4 
10.4 


112 
309 


31,215 
139,871 


19.2 
10.6 


7.2 
3.8 


7.4 
3.4 


.9 
.5 


*.5 


1.7 


1.2 
1.2 


196 
88 

103 
74 
44 


21,178 
39,621 
50,705 
87,576 


13.9 
13.7 
10.8 
9.9 
8.6 


110 
57 
69 
47 
26 


13,579 
26,658 
32,261 

51,340 


14.7 
14.9 
11.5 
9.5 
8.4 


5.3 
5.6 
4.2 
3.6 
2.7 


4.8 
4.7 
3.5 
2.8 
3.0 


.7 
1.1 
.6 
.7 
.4 


.5 
.4 
.5 
.5 
.4 


1.9 
1.8 
1.2 
.9 
.8 


1.5 
1.3 
1.6 
1.1 
1.1 


^1 other 


69 


14,741 


16.3 


49 


11,705 


16.7 


5.9 


5.3 


.9 


.2 


1.6 


1.8 


ELBCTRICAL GOODS 


























Electrical merchandise, except 
appliances 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
J500,000 to 999,999 
J 1,000, 000 and over 






15.7 


421 


187.773 


14.6 


4.7 


4.9 


.7 


1.7 


1.6 




236 
119 
132 
81 
46 


34; 063 
29,096 
50,300 
56,098 
74,936 


lals 

16.2 
14.8 
16.3 
14.3 


140 
74 

102 
54 
41 


20,779 
18,327 
38,857 
44,306 
55,504 


17.0 
15.1 
13.6 
15.1 
14.0 


5.6 
4.8 
4.3 
4.9 
4.5 


5.1 
4.8 
4.9 
5.3 
4.6 


1.0 
.6 
.6 

!6 


1.5 
2.1 
1.4 
1.7 


2.3 

1.6 
1.5 
1.6 
1.5 


1.5 
1.2 

.8 
.9 
1.0 


Radios, refrigerators and 
appliances 


427 


264.854 


18.0 


250 


187,545 


18.6 


4.5 


9.4 


.8 


.9 


1.3 


1.6 




























Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, and furs (raw) 

Horses and mules 

Llvestools 

Silk (raw) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

.Vool and -johair 

.ai other 


120 
298 
298 
3 
5 
3 
68 
92 
54 


186,934 
424,950 
137,566 
722 
1,140 
10,140 
43,721 
147,871 
28,159 


5.1 
5.8 
7.7 
9.3 

4.5 
14.8 

5.9 
11.1 


42 

105 
163 

1 
3 
21 
51 
22 


89,463 
147,413 
91,140 

10,140 
12,497 
98,717 
13,365 


5.9 
5.9 
7.1 

11.6 
4.5 

15.3 
5.7 

13.1 


1.2 
1.7 
2.6 

4.1 
2.0 
5.5 
1.9 
5.6 


.8 
.7 
1.4 

2.1 

1.2 
1.8 
1.4 
2.3 


1.9 
.4 
.4 

1.2 
.2 

'.5 

1,5 


.7 
1.4 
1.0 

1.7 
.2 
3.8 

lis 


.3 
1.1 

1.2 
.1 

1.0 
.4 

1.2 


1.0 
.6 
.9 

1.3 

2'.4 

.8 
1.2 


F^; PRODUCTS - OOKSUIER GOODS 


























Dairy products 

Poultry and poultry products 
Dairy and poultry products 
Fruits and vegetables (frash) 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300, OOC to 499,999 
«500,000 to 999,999 
|l. 000,000 and over 


681 
488 
473 


342,901 
189,331 
277,709 

785,588 


15.9 
7.2 
7.8 

10.0 


309 

312 
1,379 


185,053 
113,751 
205,500 
523,277 


15.2 
7.3 
8.0 

11.0 


2.7 
1.9 
2.0 
2.6 


3.2 
1.4 
1.8 
2.2 


3.8 
.9 
1.3 
2.3 


1.6 
1.1 
1.0 
1.4 


2.4 

1.0 
1.0 
1.4 


1.5 
1.0 
.9 

1.1 


'925 
472 
358 
269 
116 


131 ; 265 
114,586 
136,716 
183,458 
220,551 


12.2 
11.3 
10.7 
9.4 
8.3 


'530 
308 
257 
201 
83 


75,583 
75,438 
98,136 
136,808 
137,312 


12.8 
11.5 
11.0 
10.2 
10.4 


3.0 
2.8 
2.7 
2.4 
2.3 


2.3 
2.3 
2.2 
1.8 


2.1 
2.3 
1.8 
3.1 


1.2 
1.2 
1.3 
1.6 

1.4 


2.1 

1.6 
1.4 
1.3 
1.0 


1.5 
1.5 
1.0 
.9 


All other 


13 


4,198 


9.3 


10 


3,778 


9.1 


2.9 


1.5 


.8 


1.6 


1.3 


1.0 


FARM SUPPLIES 


























Feed 

Fertilizer 
Seals 
All other 


363 
15 

189 
17 


114,047 
10,708 
81,727 
3,711 


loio 

18.5 
10.3 


123 

109 
3 


34,809 
4,349 

51,187 
1,058 


10.9 
13.6 

5;4 


3.1 
3.9 
5.3 
1.4 


2.0 
1.8 
5.2 
1.2 


1.6 
3.0 
2.2 
.8 


1.4 
.3 

3.2 
.7 


1.4 
2.1 
3.1 
.4 


1.4 
2.5 
1.8 
.9 


(continued) 















































Vol. 


VI - Page 73 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5-ANALYSlS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF 
{Only lho« eitablUhmenU with «J«. of more than $100,000 aie included,) 


BUSINESS 




Kind of Business 


All e>U 
of m 


bluhmentl with tale* 
>re than $100,000 


EstabliihmenU analyzed { 


Numbet 


N<:l »lc> 
(.dd 000) 


Op«. 


" "':i 


.. (mdud 


::,::: 


°"L °!.r 




b„.„.. 


Numbe, 


N.l «1<,. 
{.dd 000) 


Op.,.>- 


Tot.l 


^tivT 


S.IUn< 


Deliveiy 


hou,. 


0«u- 


0th., 


rDEOTTUEE AMD HOUSE FDHHI3HIM3S 


























CMna, glassware and crockery 
Floor eoTe rings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as 

specified) 
Kuslcal instruments and sheet aiusic 


52 
152 
94 

149 
35 


$14,046 
76,120 
27,955 

39,325 
10,966 


22.9 
12.9 
19.5 

14.6 
29.4 


32 
95 
62 

80 
18 


$9,397 
50,251 
18,391 

21,262 
6,811 


82.0 
13.3 
20.7 

14.7 
28.7 


7.5 
4.7 
6.5 

4.8 
10.6 


8.5 
4.1 
6.5 

4.1 
9.2 


1.4 
.8 

1.2 

1.4 
1.4 


1.7 
.9 
1.9 

1.1 
2.1 


2.2 
1.5 
2.8 

1.6 
2.9 


.7 
1.3 
1.8 

1.7 
2.5 


GBMSRAL MmCBAMDiaS 


119 


122,461 


15.8 


89 


111.280 


16.1 


4.6 


5.4 


.7 


2.3 


1.7 


1.4 


$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and OTer 


2,885 


1,685,807 


9.2 


1,857 


1,260,377 


9.3 


2.4 


2.5 


1.1 


1.3 


1.0 


1.0 


591 
594 
741 
627 
332 


86,737 
147,249 

287,663 
429,407 
734,751 


8.6 
8.3 
8.4 
8.7 
10.2 


272 
337 
489 
480 
279 


41,267 
84,054 
191,377 
331,718 
611,961 


9.6 

8.8 
8.6 
8.7 
9.9 


2.4 
2.3 
2.2 

2.5 
2.6 


2.5 
2.2 

2.1 
2.5 

2.8 


1.3 
1.1 
1.0 
1.0 
1.3 


1.0 
.9 
1.1 
1.1 

1.5 


1.8 
1.0 
1.0 
.9 

.9 


1.4 
1.3 
1.2 

.8 


C3R0CERIES AM) FOODS 
{SPECIALTJ UMSS) 


























Canned goods 

Coffee, tea and spices 

Confectionery 

Fish and sea foods 

Flour 

Meats and meat products 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and orer 


107 

278 
319 
197 
959 


57,076 
86,896 
57,011 
85,649 
65,235 
386.574 


12.4 
22.3 
11.4 
18.4 
9.1 
10.2 


53 
138 
152 
211 

94 
643 


30,507 
54,946 
32,282 
60,254 
37,784 
278,714 


13.6 
85.6 
18.0 
19.8 
9.4 
11.3 


3.9 
5.8 
3.2 
4.5 
2,6 
2.8 


4.1 
10.2 
3.8 
3.5 


1.7 
2.7 
1.5 
3.6 
1.1 
1.5 


1.6 
2.9 
.9 
3.1 
1.1 
1.4 


1:1 
1.3 
2.1 
1.0 
1.6 


1.2 
1.6 
1.5 
2.4 
1.5 
1.9 


565 
196 

183 
215 


5i:991 

47,654 
70,665 
216,264 


12.2 
11.5 
10.0 
9.5 


217 

131 
126 
169 


31.526 
31,811 
48.784 
166,593 


13.0 
18.0 
10.4 
11.2 


3.0 
3.3 
2.8 
2.7 


2.9 
2.2 


1.5 
1.3 
1.8 
1.2 


1.3 
1.2 
1.1 
1.6 


2.5 
1.9 

1.8 
1.4 


1.8 
1.6 
1.3 
2.1 


Soft drinks 

Sugar 

Other food and grocery specialties 


43 

89 
1,062 


10,596 

54.969 
369,862 


16.2 

5.2 
11.6 


7 
30 
607 


1,769 
27,308 
236,870 


28.7 

4.1 
11.8 


6.5 

1.2 
3.1 


7.2 

1.1 
3.1 


5.9 
.6 

1.5 


4.3 

1.8 


2.2 
.4 

1.3 


2.6 
.4 

1.6 


HARDWARE 


























Hardware (full line) 
$100,000 to 199,999 
$200,000 to 299,999 
$300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and orer 


512 


372,424 


17.9 


326 


257,316 


17.7 


5.6 


5.8 


.8 


2.1 


2.1 


1.3 


109 
113 
104 
102 
84 


15;831 
27,452 
40,888 
72,418 
215,835 


20.9 
19.9 
18.2 
17.7 
17.4 


52 
70 
69 
74 
61 


8,002 
17,222 
27.173 
51,790 
153,129 


21.7 
80.9 
17.3 
17.6 
17.8 


6.1 
6.3 
5.5 
5.5 
5.5 


7.6 
5.8 

5.5 
5.5 
5.8 


1.6 
1.7 

.9 
.9 
.7 


1.2 
1.7 
1.6 
1.8 
2.5 


2.9 

3.4 
8.3 
2.2 

i.ff 


2.0 
1.5 

1.7 
.9 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


108 


26,909 


19.7 


47 


12,734 


19.8 


6.8 


6.5 


1.4 


1.8 


1.8 


1.5 


JWELRY AND OPTICAL GOODS 


95 
28 
35 
91 
70 


36,230 
13,607 
6,732 
31,091 
15,576 


15.6 
13.8 
12.4 
17.1 
36.9 


15 
13 
37 
23 


27,578 
8,669 
2,660 

11,900 
6,018 


17.8 
13.7 
15.3 
19.5 
35.0 


6.2 

5.8 
5.8 
7.3 
13.1 


6.3 
4.2 

5.4 

7.3 
10.5 


.4 

.6 
.1 

1.2 
1.6 


.4 

.1 

1.0 
4,4 


1.0 
2.1 
1.7 
2.9 


2.1 
2.0 
1.9 
1.0 
2.5 


Jewelry (full line) 

Clocks and watches 

Diamonds and other precious stones 

Other Jewelry specialties 

Optical goods 


LUMBER AND CQN3THUCTI0N MATHilALS 


506 


61,405 
166.714 


81.5 
18.5 


96 
201 


86 ,461 
73.815 


19.4 
19.5 


5.6 
5.2 


4.0 
4.1 


2.4 
2.9 


2.7 
3.2 


2.8 
2.2 


1.9 
1.9 


Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and millwork 

$100,000 to 199,999 

$200,000 to 899,999 

$300,000 to 499,999 

$500,000 to 999,999 

$1,000,000 and over 


242 
105 

81 
53 
35 


35; 784 
25,554 
30,768 
33,394 
41,814 


21.8 
19.5 
18.0 
17.3 
16.4 


87 
40 
34 
27 
13 


13,084 
9.817 
13,160 
17.447 
80.307 


23.7 
21.7 
19.4 
15.6 
19.1 


7.4 
7.2 
5.6 
4.9 
2.7 


4.3 
3.6 
3.2 
4.0 
4.9 


2.4 
2.4 

1.7 
4.8 


3.3 
3.3 
2,5 
3.3 


2!9 
2.4 

1.6 
1.7 


2.3 
2.5 
.9 

1.7 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 

Cement, lime and plaster 

Glass 

Sand, grsTel and crushed stone 

All other 


27 
48 
65 
28 
24 


4,918 
15,290 
15,683 

7.244 
14,010 


80.6 
17.5 
28.9 
28.0 
16.6 


16 
35 
10 
3 


1,503 
6.349 
9,006 
3,381 
2,526 


20.5 
16.7 
28.7 
32.9 
24.3 


7.5 
5.3 
8,6 
6.9 
5.0 


4.1 
3.8 
5.9 
3.8 
4.6 


3.1 
2.1 
2.3 
11.1 
.6 


2.1 
6.5 
1.3 
.5 


1.9 
1.5 
3.7 
6.1 
6.2 


2.1 
1.9 
1.7 
3.7 
7.4 


(continued) 



























Vol. VI - Page 74 


























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 


























WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 


















TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS 


(\ND INDUSTRIAL UISTKIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




(Only tho« Mlabli,hmenu with 


sales of 


more than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 


All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 






EstablUhmenU «ialyzed 








Number 




1 Ope,. 


'"« Mpen 


e. (mclu 


in, p., ,oll) ol .u 
percen. lo net ule 


ch e...bll 


'"""'■ 


Numb., 


Nm uIc. 


?S 




Admmi.- 

























Toul 




S.Min» 


Deli,„y 












(.dd 000) 


Hiulu 




(.dd 000) 




tr.l.ve 






houie 


p.ney 




mCEJSSRY, BtinHMENT AND SDEEOJBS 


























Cojmierclal machinery, equipment 


and supplies 


























Office (except furniture) 


38 


#9,227 


28.3 


10 


J2,664 


30.6 


14.4 


8.5 


2.0 


1.6 


2.7 


1.4 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


103 


28,347 


24.7 


45 


13,766 


24.7 




9.3 


1.2 


2.1 


2.4 


1.7 


All other 


17 


3,658 


17.9 


9 


2,025 


18.1 


5.8 




.8 


.5 


1.9 


1.4 


Farm and dairy machinery and 


























equlpnent 


115 


37,472 


17.4 


51 


23,129 


17.1 


4.6 


4.6 


.7 


1.3 


1.5 


4.4 


Industrial equipment and supplies 


























Industrial (full line) 


162 


78,102 


18.9 


102 


54,122 


18.7 


5.6 


6.3 


1.1 


1.9 


2.1 


1.7 


Belting, hose and packing 


40 


7,966 


25.0 


22 






11.9 


9.3 


.8 


1.2 


2.4 


1.0 


Fewer transmission equlpnent 


16 


4,211 


23.5 


5 


2i022 


32.1 


10.0 


9.2 


.9 


3.4 


3.1 


6.5 


Rope, cordage and twine 


31 


12,879 


10.8 


15 


7,462 


10.4 


3.7 


4.3 


.6 


.5 


.7 


.6 


All other 


275 


75,969 


19.2 


137 


40,803 


19.5 


7.3 


5.7 


1.4 


1.7 


1.8 


1.6 


Industrial machinery 


























Construction (including road 


























building) 


144 


48,748 


18.0 


47 


17,883 


17.3 


5.2 


6.7 


.7 


1.2 


1.6 


1.9 


Machine tools 


28 


8,455 


16.6 


20 


6,636 


16.1 


5.4 


6.1 


.8 


1.0 


1.7 


1.1 


Mining and quarrying 


30 


9,350 


17.6 


12 


5,571 


17.9 


4.6 


5.8 


1.1 


8.0 


3.0 


2.4 


Oil well and oil refining 


359 


129,261 


9.9 


60 


25,503 


8.2 


1.9 


3.6 


.6 


.8 


1.3 


1.0 


Power plant 


19 


3,913 


22.0 


6 


1,081 


20.4 


6.5 


7.2 


1.3 


1.4 


1.7 


2.3 


Textile 


15 


3,871 


24.6 


5 


1,982 


36.9 


9.1 


10.7 


1.0 


.5 


1.6 


4.0 


Used machinery and equipment 


32 


6,917 


26.8 


8 


2,155 


29.3 


9.4 


6.0 


3.2 


7.0 


3.3 


1.4 


All other 


60 


14,448 


35.3 


20 


4,642 


30.2 


13.0 


6.4 


1.7 


1.7 


3.7 


4.7 


Professional equipment and 


























supplies 


























Dental 


76 


16,303 


29.0 


36 


8,108 


28.4 


9.0 


10.9 


1.3 


.7 


3.8 


2.7 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


57 


20,172 


27.7 


84 


9,181 


32.5 


11.3 


14.0 


1.2 


1.8 


2.3 


1.9 


All other 


69 


23,711 


25.0 


33 


8,424 


25.7 


10.0 


6.9 


1.5 


1.8 


2.5 


3.0 


Service equipment and supplies 


























Barber and beauty parlor 


93 


21,753 


32.5 


50 


11,001 


36.3 


11.8 


14.5 


3.2 


1.6 


3.6 


2.6 


Laundry 


65 


18,549 


20.9 


19 


7,068 


18.8 


5.1 


8.0 


1.2 


2.3 


1.1 


1.2 


Upholsterers' 


76 


20,459 


23.3 


45 


15,201 


25.6 


9.3 


8.5 


1.4 


1.2 


3.8 


2.4 


All other 


89 


21,323 


22.4 


33 


8,373 




9.0 


12.8 


1.5 


1.4 


3.3 


1.4 


Transportation equipment and 


























supplies 


























Aircraft and aeronautical 


3 


757 


21.3 


2 


J 


33.9 


13.3 


7.2 


.7 


1.3 


3.6 


8.9 


Railroad 


17 


15,646 


22.0 


6 


5,112 


38.4 


13.9 


9.1 


l!9 


1.7 


1.4 




Boats (Including motor, sail 


























and steam) 


14 


3,586 


19.5 


11 


2,283 


20.4 


7.9 


5.1 


1.6 


.8 


2.4 


3.6 


All other 


27 


8,563 


19.3 


15 


4,221 


18.9 


9.3 


3.9 


1.4 


.8 


1.3 


3.2 




























.(EXCEPT 3CR^ 


























Iron and steel (except structural) 


175 


73,237 


18.9 


105 


40,911 


18.5 


6.4 


4.5 


1.8 


2.3 


2.3 


1.2 


Structural iron and steel 


53 


17 1 342 


20.1 


25 


8,594 


21.8 


6.8 


4.5 


2.0 


4.1 


3.0 


1.4 


»lpe, wire fence and wire rope 


18 


4,884 


13.5 


12 


3,176 


12.4 


3.8 


3.7 


.4 


2.4 


1.3 


.8 


Copper 


10 


4,331 


9.7 


6 


3,242 


8.7 


3.0 


2.6 


.6 


.8 


.8 




Sheet metal products 


91 


35,887 


15.1 


47 


22,444 


15.3 


5.2 


3.6 


1.4 


2.6 


1.4 


1.1 


Other metals and metal work 


50 


83,864 


4.7 


24 


17,301 


12.8 


3.6 


4.1 


1.3 


1.3 


1.1 


l.S 


PAFSa AKD ITS IRODUOTS 


























Wrapping or coarse paper and 


























products 
$100,000 to 199,999 


656 


250,368 


17.3 


440 


171,146 


17.2 


5.3 


6.0 


l.« 


1.6 


1.6 


1-3 


iBT 


36,353 


19.7 


167 


23,732 


19.2 


5.8 


6.4 


1.7 


i.n 


2.1 


^nr 


$200,000 to 299,999 


150 


36,412 


17.6 


102 


24,745 


17.9 


5.7 


6.0 


1.6 


1.4 


1.7 


1.5 


»300,000 to 499,999 


116 


44,465 


18.3 


87 


33,440 


18.0 


6.0 


6.1 


1.4 


1.6 


1.6 


1.3 


»500,000 to 999,999 


88 


59,329 


17.4 


53 


35,435 


18.2 


5.8 


6.2 


1.6 


1.5 


1.6 


1.5 


»1, 000. 000 and over 


44 


73,809 


15.3 


31 


53,794 


14.9 


4.3 


5.6 


1.1 


1.6 


1.4 


.9 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


125 


58,132 


17.6 


91 


47,168 


18.1 


5.4 


6.0 


1.5 


1.7 


1.8 


1.7 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


89 


25,323 


21.8 


58 


16,506 


22.4 


7.3 


7.3 


1.7 


2.0 


2.4 


1.^7 


Wall paper 


44 


8,749 


31.0 


31 


5,830 


34.1 


9.0 


10.9 


2.9 


2.2 


4.3 


4.8 


PmOLHM AMD ITS mODUCTS 


166 


111,318 


12.0 


97 


54,350 


14.2 


4.1 


4.2 


1.8 


1.1 


1.7 


1.3 


(continued) 















































Vol 


VI - Page 75 


SES^LE^mSTOBUTION: .935 UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BV DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 

(Only those establishments w,lh sales of more than $100,000 are .ncluded.) 


Kind of Business 


All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 


"-- 


Ncl ,>lc> 




Numhcv 


(.dd 000 1 


Op.,.l- 
peicenl 


T„.., 


^tZ7 


Sdl,„, 


D.li,e,y 


zz 


Occu. 
p.ncy 


0.h« 


Flumblng and heating (full line) 
SlOO.OOO to 199,999 
4200,000 to 299,999 
5300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 and over 

Heating (Includln? atoTea and 

ranges) 
Plumbing flrtures, equipment 

and supplies 
All other 

JIOO.OOO to 199,999 
*200,000 to 299,999 
5300,000 to 499,999 
$500,000 to 999,999 
$1,000,000 and orer 

WASTE MAraRIAIS 

Iron and steel scrap 
Junk and scrap (full line) 
Waste paper, rags and rubber 
Nonferrous metals 

,AIX OTOER PRCEUCTS 

Books, periodicals and newspapers 
Flowers and nurseiy stock 
Forest products (exce;7t lumber) 
Leather and leather goods 
Oils and greases (anlnal and 

vegetable) 
Rubber (crude) 
Textiles and materials other than 

dry apods 
Yams 
Misoellantous kinds of business 


363 


$ lie, 926 


18.6 


206 


$64,218 


18.7 


6.0 


4.6 


1.2 


2.0 


2.4 


2.5 


157 
84 

45 

65 

255 
29 

1,274 


22,671 
20,325 
29,423 
38,507 

19,038 

63,063 
6,734 

717,927 


19.8 

19.1 
16.9 

21.8 

19.0 
23.3 

5.4 


96 
40 
44 
26 

38 

145 
10 

740 


13,560 
9,976 
16,963 
23,719 

9,958 

38,247 
2,675 

490,244 


20.9 
18.4 
16.8 

21.9 

19.9 
22.1 

5.2 


6.8 
6.9 
6.0 
5.3 

6.9 

6.5 
7.7 

1.5 


5.4 
5.0 
4.0 

5.8 

8.0 

1.6 


1.8 
1.1 
1.1 

1.0 

1.6 

1.6 
.3 

.5 


1.7 
1.7 

2.4 

2.3 

2.2 

2.7 

.5 


3:0 
3.0 
2.2 
1.9 

3.3 

2.3 

1.4 

.5 


3.0 
2.8 
2.3 
2.2 

2.0 

2.5 
2.0 

.6 


344 

271 

III 
148 

849 
193 
267 
81 

215 
77 
75 

277 

31 
9 

74 
52 

70 


49,603 
66,790 
101,989 
170,813 
328,732 

139,220 
53,030 

100,478 
26,402 

88,305 
15,532 
26,401 
73,012 

11^229 

24,551 
34,055 
22,614 


6.6 
5.4 
5.4 
5.0 
5.5 

10.7 
14.7 
15.3 

8.0 

19.0 
19.3 
14,2 
'11.9 

9.0 

8.4 

15.2 

8.0 
18.8 


126 
135 
169 
195 
115 

102 
107 
144 
20 

68 
45 
32 
127 

11 
2 

39 
33 
42 


19,163 
33,463 
65,219 
133,442 
238,957 

47,521 
31,258 
61,159 
12,614 

20,586 
8,725 
14,670 
44,122 

6,760 

I 

13,213 
22,381 
14,899 


7.4 
6.4 
5.6 
5.3 
4.7 

13.6 
14.4 
15.9 
9.0 

21.6 
18.8 
13.2 
12.3 

9.0 
12.8 

17.9 
8.0 
18.9 


1.9 
1.8 
1.6 
1.4 
1.4 

3.6 
3.7 
4.3 
2.7 

7.1 
6.1 
5.0 
4.1 

3.5 

1.7 

6.9 
3.3 

6.1 


2.2 

2.0 
1.7 
1.6 
1.5 

1.6 
1.4 
2.1 
.9 

7.3 
5.7 
1.5 
3.7 

1.7 
4.2 

4.4 
2.0 

7.3 


.8 
.7 
.6 
.5 
.5 

3.3 
2.8 

2.7 
1.5 
3.5 
.9 

1.3 
4.8 

1.8 
.4 

1.8 


.3 
.3 
.3 
.5 
.5 

2.4 

3.0 
3.5 
1.6 

1.0 
1.1 
.9 

1.1 
.5 

1.5 

1.0 


1.3 

.8 

'.6 
.3 

1.9 
2.3 
2.0 
1.1 

1.7 
2.7 
1.2 
1.6 

1.1 
.2 

2.2 
1.2 
1.3 


.8 
1.2 
1.2 
1.0 

1.0 

.9 
1.1 

.3 

1.4 

1.1 
1.4 





























Vol, VI - Page 76 


























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Division! and the 13 Citie. 


of more than 500,000 Population 












ore than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 


All establiahmenU with sales II 
of more than $100,000 J| 








Oper.l.ng c.pen. 


l..cd"l"'' 


"ici'j, r 


L °..i'r 




m.m. 






Op.,M- II 


and Area 


Number 


(.dd 000) 




Numb., 




Tol.1 


Admiri.- 


■S.Hm, 


D.li.er, 


17. 


Occu- 


o.b.. 


AMUSEMENT AND SPORTING GOODS 










MOVING PICTURE FILMS 




























52 


*34,118 


12.3 


34 


113,818 


14.8 


4.4 


6.6 


.7 


1.2 


1.1 


.8 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


29 


21,229 


13.0 


17 


9,743 


12.3 


3.9 


5.0 


.5 


1.0 


.9 


1.0 


SPORTING GOODS (full line) 






























13,448 


21.2 


29 


9,935 


20.9 


5.9 


7.1 


.9 


2.1 


2.3 


2.6 


tilddle Atlantic 


13 


5,680 


21.0 


11 


5,386 


20.9 


5.7 


6.5 


.9 


2.5 


2.1 


3.2 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


E3 


8,351 


21.0 


17 


7,270 


20.5 


5.8 


6.5 


1.0 


2.1 


2.3 


2.8 


TOYS, NOVELTIES AND FIREWORKS 




































8.153 


22.0 


7.1 


7.0 


1.5 


1.7 


2.6 


2.1 


Middle Atlantic 


33 


10,630 


16.2 


16 


4,504 


17.8 


6.0 


5.3 


1.2 


1.3 


1.6 


2.4 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


47 


14,177 


18.4 1 


21 


6,318 


20.2 


7.0 


6.0 


1.4 


1.8 


1.7 


2.3 




AUTOMOTIVE 


AUTOMOBILES AND OTHER MOTOR 


























VEHICLES 




























307 


352,295 


8.5 


163 


206,966 


9.0 


2.3 


3.5 


.2 


.6 


1.5 


.9 




25 


29,987 


8.7 


12 


16,256 


9.2 


2.6 


3.0 


.1 


.8 


1.8 


.9 




55 


63,401 


10.0 


32 


30,957 


9.3 


2.9 


3.2 


.2 


.5 








74 


107,537 


8.1 


43 


76,291 


8.8 


1.9 


3.8 


.3 


.8 








45 


36,823 


8.5 


23 


20,105 


8.8 


2.1 


3.2 


.2 








South Atlantic 


28 


24,160 


8.9 


} " 


13 , 705 


9.3 


2.8 


2.5 


.3 


,j 


1.8 


1 2 


East South Central 


9 






















V/est South Central 


21 


15,931 


9.1 


13 


10,722 


9.0 


2.9 


3.1 












14 


9,020 


9.2 


12 


7,663 


8.8 


2.9 


2.3 


.3 


.6 






Pacific 


36 


60,801 


7.1 


14 


31,267 


9.1 


2.4 


4,3 


.2 


— 


1.3 




TOTAL, 13 CITIjS 


83 


178,282 


8.6 


47 


107,568 


9.0 


2.2 


4.1 


.1 


.6 


1.3 


.7 


AUTOMOTIVE EQUIPMENT 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


863 


206,917 


24.3 


514 


122,407 


25.2 


7.8 


8.4 


1.3 


2.3 


3.0 


2.4 


New England 


48 


10,874 


24.6 


29 


6,117 


26.6 


8.2 


7.7 


1.4 


2.8 


4.2 


2.3 


Middle Atlantic 


152 


40,589 


24.0 


96 


23,035 


25.2 


8.3 


7.7 


1.5 


2.0 








190 


47,838 


23.9 


122 


31,702 


24.9 


7.1 


9.1 










West North Central 


142 


34,327 


23.7 


73 


19,556 


24.6 


8.2 


8.2 


1.0 










73 


15,967 


25.2 


44 


9,377 


26.6 


8.4 


8.4 


1.7 


1.7 






East South Central 


32 


5,981 


27.3 


13 


2,612 


26.3 


8.3 


9.1 


1.2 


2.0 








90 


19,603 


23.5 


57 


11,984 


24,4 


8.0 


8.1 


1.3 


1.2 








40 


9,199 


22.7 


21 


5,103 


23.9 


7.2 


7.8 


2.2 








Pacific 


96 


22,539 


22.4 


59 


12,921 


26.7 


7.6 


9.3 


1.4 








TOTAL, 13 CITISS 


243 


73,703 


24.1 


136 


38,630 


25.9 


7.9 


8.9 


1.3 


2.8 


2.8 


2.2 




50 


16,157 


23.2 


32 


10,872 


24.2 


7.6 


9.6 


1.3 


2.1 


2.1 


1.5 


Detroit 


22 


7,086 


24.7 


16 


4,442 


26.7 


7.1 














25 


6,872 


25.8 


18 


4,319 


27.5 


7.3 


9.7 


1.3 


2.6 


3.4 




New York 


53 


15,076 


23.0 


30 


8,638 


23.5 


8.8 


8.1 










TIRES AND TUBES 


























UNITED STAIiS TOTAL 
Middle Atlantic 


102 


40,027 


13.8 


76 


18,969 


21.1 


6.1 


7.0 


1.9 


1.3 


2.8 


2.0 


38 


25,612 


9.0 


26 


7,108 


17.3 


4.7 


6.0 


1.5 


1.1 


1.9 


2.1 


East North Central 


20 


4,401 


21.1 


15 


3,061 


23.4 


8.3 


8.0 


1.4 


.9 






Pacific 


11 


2,513 


27.5 


10 


2,342 


27.7 


7.2 


9.1 


2.0 


1.9 






TOTAL. 13 CITIES, 
New York 


55 


15,113 


18.9 


41 


10.473 


81.1 


6.4 


7.1 


1.7 


1.1 


3.0 


1.8 


20 


6,862 


13.6 


14 


4,416 


14.6 


4.3 


5.2 


1.1 


.8 


1.7 


1.5 























Vol, 


V! - Page 77 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
























WHOLESALE DISTRrBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5- -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Divisions 


and the 


13 Cilie 


of more than 500,000 Popu 


ation 










(Only Ihoie 




e included.) 










Kind ot Business 
and Area 


All establishmenU with sales 
ol more than $100,000 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 






o..., 


"' "z: 


!!..'j«'' 


ng p«v r 




h clabli. 


"■"'■ 






Op.,.,- 


Numbs, 


N.l iilci 


piSiiet, 


Numbc, 






Ad • 






w 




































(add 0001 


lo ulc. 




(.dd 000 1 




"*'"" 






houic 
















BEER, WINES AND 


LIQUORS 










BEER AND OTHER FERMENTED 


























MALT LIQUORS 


























UNITKD STATSS TOTAL 


sai 


$140,058 


13.8 


351 


,J82,170 


14.1 


3.2 


3.6 


2.7 


1.3 


1.7 


1.6 


New England 


71 


16,532 


14.4 


42 


10,787 


13.6 


3.8 


3.5 


2.5 


1.0 


1.4 


2.4 


Uiddle Atlantic 


131 


27,795 


12.9 


51 


13,181 


12.0 


2.2 


4.1 


2.3 


.5 


1.6 


1.3 


Bast North Central 


177 


39,901 


13.4 


104 


24,389 


14.6 


3.4 


3.5 


2.9 


1.3 


2.0 


1.5 


Wast North Central 


74 


16,287 


13.8 


42 


9,869 


14.3 


3.0 


3.7 


2.6 


1.5 


1.6 


1.8 


South Atlantic 


54 


9,851 


17.3 


34 


5,113 


17.3 


3.9 


3.7 


3.7 


1.6 


2.6 


1.8 


Wast South Central 


3a 


6,304 


14.8 


18 


3,877 


12.4 


2.7 


3.6 


1.8 


1.1 


1.7 


1.5 


Pacific 


50 


13,030 


14.0 


37 


10,396 


15.3 


4.0 


3.8 


3.1 


1.8 


1.4 


1.2 




94 


25,135 


12.7 


58 


17,368 


12.5 


2.9 


4.0 


2.1 


1.3 


1.2 


1.1 


Chicago 


a 


6,546 


11.8 


15 


5.053 


12.5 


4.0 


3.1 


1.8 


1.7 


1.1 


.9 


New York 


18 


5,117 


11.9 


11 


3,188 


12.4 


2.9 


5.4 


1.3 


.4 


1.2 


1.2 


WINES AND LIQUORS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


772 


345,550 


11.2 


494 


244,676 


11.5 


3.6 


3.8 


1.1 


.8 


1.1 


1.2 


New England 




42,841 


12.5 


61 


27,400 


13.2 


4.4 


3.7 


1.2 


.9 


1.3 


1.7 


Middle Atlantic 


122 


85,985 


13.4 


82 


64,405 


13.7 


4.6 


5.3 


1.4 


.6 


.7 


1.1 


East North Central 


180 


57,258 


9.2 


107 


42,789 


9.8 


2.5 


3.5 


.7 


.8 


1.3 


1.0 


West North Central 


51 


30,302 


10.3 


39 


24,557 


9.5 


3.1 


2.7 


1.0 


.7 


.9 


1.1 


South Atlantic 


76 


37,265 


9.8 


55 


27,624 


10.1 


3.3 


2.8 


.8 


.9 


1.1 


1.2 


East South Central 


38 


15,755 


7.3 


33 


15,388 


7,5 


2.3 


2.7 


.8 


.4 


.8 


.5 


West South Central 


58 


13,714 


10.2 


38 


14,051 


10.0 


3.5 


2.5 


.9 


.9 


.8 


1.4 


Mountain 


24 


6,481 


13.7 


14 


4,559 


13.6 


4.6 


3.0 


.9 


1.2 


2.3 


1.5 


Pacific 


111 


38,947 


12.2 




23,902 


13.9 


3.6 


4.2 


1.3 


1.4 




1.6 


TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


291 


160,775 


11.6 


177 


104,531 


12.5 


4.0 


4.3 


1.0 


.9 


1.1 


1.2 


Baltimore 


22 


10,184 


n.o 


13 


5,802 


12.8 


5.1 


4.0 


1.0 


_7 


.8 


1.2 


Boston 


38 


19,826 


13.5 


23 


13,028 


14.7 


5.3 


4.1 


1.1 


1.2 


1.4 


1.5 


Chicago 


55 


28,605 


9.8 


35 


20,357 


9.6 


2.5 


3.3 


.6 


1.1 


1.2 


.9 


Los Angelas 


35 


17,648 


12.6 


21 


10,559 


13.7 


3.0 


3.9 


1.4 


1.7 


2.5 


1.2 


Milwaukee 


20 


7,715 


11.6 


15 


5,039 


13.3 


3.3 


4.7 


.6 


1.5 


2.3 


.9 


New York 


60 


51,829 


12.5 


41 


37,151 


12.7 


4.5 


5.0 


l.£ 


.5 


.6 


.9 


San Francisco 


29 


10,040 


12.1 


17 


5,532 


14.7 


4.6 


5.1 


.7 


1.0 


1.1 


2.2 


CHEMICALS ANt 


PAINT 


S 




INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 
Middle Atlantic 


97 


61.512 


12.3 


55 


38.455 


12.2 


4.9 


3.7 


1.0 


1.0 


.9 


.7 


39 


28,424 


12.0 


19 


17,999 


11,6 


4.3 


4.4 


1.2 


.5 


.7 


.5 


Alest North Central 


11 


4,704 


14.7 


10 


4,438 


15.0 


6.0 


4.4 


.8 


1.7 


1.3 


.8 


TOTAL, 13 orriBs 


51 


41,758 


12.3 


25 


25.555 


12.1 


5.2 


4.0 


.9 


.7 


.8 


.5 


New York 


23 


22,012 


11.8 


10 


15,096 


10.6 


4.0 


4.3 


.9 


.3 


.5 


.5 


PAINTS AND VARNISHES 


























UldTSD STATiS TOT.U. 
Mddla Atlantic 


180 


45,157 


21.9 


90 


22,629 


22.0 


6.9 


6.6 


1.7 


2.0 


2.5 


2.2 


53 


14,537 


13.4 


30 


8,642 


18.4 


5.9 


5.6 


1.9 


1.1. 


3.1 


1.8 


Bast North Central 


45 


10,553 


35.8 


21 


4,310 


38.4 


7.3 


9.0 


2.3 


3.9 


3.9 


2.3 


Btest North Central 


25 


5,518 


25.3 


14 


3,436 


33.6 


9.0 


7.0 


.8 


2.1 


2.8 


1.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITISS 
New York 


73 


20,919 


20,7 


35 


10,988 


20.3 


6.1 


6.4 


1.8 


2.1 


a.i 


1.8 


25 


8,915 


15.2 


12 


4,746 


16.2 


5.3 


5.5 


1.8 


.7 


1.3 


1.6 



Vol. VI - Page 78 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5-ANALYSlS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Divisions 


and the 


13 Citie 


. o( more than 500,000 Popu 


alion. 










(Only those establishmenU with sales of more than $100,000 a 


re included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establUhmenU with sales 
o( more than $100,000 




EstablUhmenU analyzed 








Numb., 


N.I I.!.. 


Op.,. 


ng .xp.n 


,...«1 .. 


Z'cl'l L 


1 


Numb., 


(•dd 000) 


Op.,.i- 


T,«, 


^tzz 


s.iii,m 


D.li..„ 




Occu- 


Olho 


CLOTHING AND FURNISHINGS 


CLOTHING AND/OR FURNISHINGS 

(full line) 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


171 


♦50,027 


14.0 


108 


«34,S0B 


13.» 


4.7 


5.4 


.7 


.5 


1.4 


1.2 


Middle Atlantic 
Bast North Central 


35 


25,031 
11,820 


13.6 
14.7 


47 
24 


16,575 
9,001 


12.9 
15.0 


4.0 
6.0 


4.9 
5.5 


.7 
.8 


.5 
.4 


1.4 
1.4 


1.4 
.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


124 


39,574 


13.9 


73 


23,034 


13.2 


4.4 


4.8 


.8 


.5 


1.4 


1.3 


New York 


57 


21,481 


13.5 


36 


14,443 


12.6 


3.9 


4.9 


.7 


,5 


1.2 


1.4 


MEN'S AND BOYS' 


























UNITED STATiS TOTAL 


278 


86.559 


13.2 


173 


55.096 


13.1 


4.6 


4.8 


.7 


.8 


1.3 


1.0 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
Pacific 


28 
141 
38 
28 
21 


6,522 
54,627 
9,692 
8,324 
5,608 


14.7 
11.7 
16.6 
16.8 
14.0 


19 

84 
18 
18 
18 


4,932 
31,629 
5,057 
5,394 
5,015 


16.0 
U.2 
14.8 
18.4 
13.5 


4.9 
3.8 
6.2 
6.2 
4.3 


6.4 
4.4 

4.2 

6.6 


.6 
.7 
.8 
.8 

.5 


1.6 
.6 
.7 

1.5 
.8 


1.6 
1.2 
1.0 
2.0 
1.4 


.9 
.6 
1.9 
1.3 
1.7 


TOTAL, 12 CITIES 


212 


76,319 


12.9 


131 


46,646 


12.6 


4.3 


4.8 


.7 


.7 


1.3 


.8 


Boston 
New York 
Pittsburgh 


23 

110 
13 


5,667 
46,677 
4,784 


14.9 
11.5 
11.1 


15 
63 
11 


4,189 
26,228 
2,789 


15.2 
10.8 
11.1 


4.8 

3.7 
2.5 


5.6 
4.3 
4.6 


.6 
.7 

.6 


1.8 
.6 
.6 


1.7 

1.1 
1.5 


.8 
.5 
1.3 


WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S 


























DNITED STATES TOTAL 


487 




13.3 


305 


142,541 


13.1 


4.4 


4.5 


.8 


1.0 


1.3 


1.1 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
Pacific 


22 
307 
55 
31 
36 


5,386 
146,970 
20,862 
9,207 
9,176 


10.3 
13.6 
13.8 
13.1 
11.8 


16 
160 
33 
24 
30 


3,896 
105,305 
11,966 
7,389 
8,662 


11.2 
13.3 
13.2 
13.1 
11.4 


3.7 
4.1 
6.1 
6.0 
4.5 


4.2 
4.7 
4.4 
3.4 
4.0 


.6 
.8 
.7 

.8 
.5 


.8 
1.2 
.7 
.6 
.3 


1.1 

1.4 
1.2 
1.3 
1.3 


.9 
1.1 
1.1 
1.0 


TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


421 


183.430 


13.4 


260 


130.631 


13.1 


4.3 


4.5 


.8 


1.1 


1.3 


1.1 


lioston 
Chicago 
Los Angeles 
New York 
Philadelphia 
St. Louis 


£1 
30 
19 
265 
23 
16 


5,196 
10,546 
6,379 
135,123 
6,354 
4,963 


10.3 
15.6 
8.7 
13.5 
16.9 
13.2 


15 
16 
14 
160 
12 
16 


3,706 
6,737 
4,292 
100,147 
3,201 
4,809 


11.3 
12.1 
9.1 
13.3 
14.1 
12.6 


3.8 
4.8 
3.6 
4.1 
4.5 
5.9 


4.1 
3.4 
3.4 

4.8 

4.9 
3.3 


.6 
.9 
.2 

.8 
1.1 
.8 


.8 
.6 
.2 

1.2 
1.0 

.5 


1.1 
1.5 
1.2 
1.3 
1.6 
1.3 


1.0 
.9 
.5 
1.1 
1.0 
.8 


FURS, DRESSED AND FUR CLOTHING 


























UiaTED STATffi TOTAL 


75 


25,025 




36 








3.3 


.6 


.* 


1.2 


.9 


Mddle Atlantic 


53 


£0,204 


10.9 


26 


11,787 


10.6 


4.6 


3.1 


.5 


.4 


1.1 


.9 




73 


24.788 


11.1 


36 


14.226 


10.8 


4,5 


3.3 


.6 




1.2 


.9 


New York 


52 


20,039 


10.9 




11,787 


10.6 


4.6 


3.1 


.5 


.4 


1.1 


.9 


HOSIERY 




























78 


29.111 


10.7 


42 


15.595 


11.3 


3.8 


4.3 


.7 


.6 


1.1 


,9 


Kiddle Atlantic 


49 


21,413 


10.0 


29 


12,499 


11.2 


3.9 


4.0 


.7 


.a 


1.2 


.9 


TOTAL, 13 ClTirs 


66 


26.334 


10.3 


37 


14.763 


11.2 


3.9 


4.2 


.6 


.5 


1.1 


.9 


New York 


40 


19,024 


9.5 


24 


11,407 


11.1 


3.9 


4.1 




.6 


1.1 


.8 


(continued) 















































Vol 


VI - Page 79 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic DivUions and the 13 Cities o( more than 500.000 Population 




(Only thoie ettablishments with $ales of 


T.ore than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


All eslablishmenu with sale, 
of more than $100,000 


iistablUhmenU analyzed | 


Numb., 


_(.dd 000) 


Op«.l,ng „p.„ 


TCUt6 u 


'^,',7t il .,»°Jt 


ch cuabh 


'"""'• 


...U, 


(.dd 000) 


Op«.t- 


Toul 


*^!r 


S^lli-S 


D..v.r, 


h.u.c 


Occu- 
pucy 


Olho 


CLOTHING AND FURNISHINGS (continued) 






1 
MILLINERY AND MILLINERY SUPPLIES 
























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


95 


426.700 


16,7 


65 






5.3 


6.3 


.6 


.7 






Middle Atlantic 


58 


19,449 


15.0 


40 


16,181 


14.4 


5.0 


5.3 


.5 


.6 


1.4 


1.6 


TOTAL. 13 CITIES 
New York 


83 


24.765 


16.3 


55 


19.500 




5.3 


6.0 


.6 


.6 


1.7 


1.6 


54 


16,307 


14.9 


37 


15,225 


14.1 


4.9 


5.2 


.4 


.6 


1.4 


1.6 


SHOES AND OTHER FOOTWEAR 


























New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Heat North Central 
South Atlantic 






13.8 


146 






4.1 




8 


.8 


1.0 


1.4 


40 
79 
29 
20 
21 


18,763 
30,773 

8,080 
31,947 

9,867 


12.8 
13.0 
15.6 
14.4 
15.3 


23 
59 
18 
13 
16 


12,227 
25,548 

5,145 
29,011 

7,400 


11.8 
13.0 
16.6 
14.7 
16.9 


3.5 
4.5 
7.0 
3.4 
5.2 


4.4 

3.9 
5.4 

7.0 


.9 
1.1 
1.3 

.3 


.8 
.9 

1.1 
.6 

l.E 


1.1 
1.3 
1.0 
.8 
1.0 


1.1 

1.3 

lis 

1.7 


Boston 
New York 
Philadelphia 
St. Louia 


150 


85.187 


13.2 


105 


69,594 


13.4 


3.8 


5.7 


,7 


.7 




1.4 


35 
43 
EO 

15 


16,151 
19,952 
5,831 
31.196 


11.9 
12.9 
12.7 
14.5 


22 
37 
13 
10 


12,021 
18,350 
3,997 
28.446 


11.7 
12.9 
12.5 
14.7 


3.4 
4.4 
4.4 
3.3 


4.4 
3.9 

3.6 
8.1 


.9 
1.1 
1.5 

.3 


.8 
.8 
.8 
.6 


1.1 
1.4 
1.1 
.9 


1.1 
1.3 
1.1 
1.5 






COAL AND COKE 




Middle Atlantic 


197 


191.263 


11.8 


49 


92.105 


10.1 


2.0 


1.7 


1.2 


1.8 




1.1 




50,852 


13.4 


23 


28,325 


9.0 


2.3 


1.7 


1.1 


1.1 


1.5 


1.3 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


91 


121.029 


10.4 


22 


65,462 


7.9 


1.7 


1.5 


1.0 


1.1 


1.8 


.8 






DRUGS (full-line, 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South AtlEintio 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


259 


296,835 


13.0 


194 


238,006 


13.6 


4.7 


3.4 


_7 


2.0 


1.0 


1.8 


22 

33 
41 

46 
24 
27 
17 

21 


24,792 
41,991 
53,703 
43,494 
30,650 
17,041 
26,448 
12,820 


11.6 
11.7 
13.1 
12.6 
13.9 
13.4 
13.2 
12.5 
14.6 


10 
22 
27 

36 

23 
14 

19 


11,449 
34,229 
41,779 
38,858 
21,443 
15,426 
23,100 
9,152 
42,560 


13.9 
11.9 
12.8 
14.1 
14.7 
13.3 
13.2 
13.3 
14.9 


4.4 
3.9 
4.5 
5.0 
5.5 
5,1 
4.7 
4.2 
4.8 


3.4 
2.7 
3.3 
3.9 
3.8 
3.2 
3.7 
3.1 
3.3 


.6 
.6 
.8 
.5 
.4 
,7 
.7 


1.6 
2.0 
2.2 
2.3 
2.1 
1.6 
1.8 
2.1 
2.1 


1.4 

1.0 
.9 
.9 

1.3 
1.1 
1.0 

1.1 
1.0 


1.9 
1.2 
1.3 
1.4 
1.2 
1.8 
1.6 
2.1 
3.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


46 


98,790 


12.0 


33 


77.624 




4.2 


3.0 


.9 


2.1 


1.0 


2,9 






DRUGS 


AND DRUG SUNDRIES (sp 


cially lines) 








DRUG SPECIALTIES 


























Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 


76 


18.849 


15.2 


40 




16.5 


5.5 


4.7 


1,3 


1,8 


1.7 


1.5 


32 
15 


8,037 
3,445 


11.4 
14.8 


13 
12 


2,322 
3,040 


15.3 
14.5 


5.8 
4.7 


3.3 
3.9 


1.5 
1.0 


2.3 

l.« 


1.4 
2.2 


1.0 
1.2 


TOTAi, 13 crrnis 


45 


11,432 


14.1 


22 


4,843 


15.9 


5.8 


3.9 


1.1 


2.1 


1.6 


1.4 


(continued) 



























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisior^ and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 
(Only tho.e establishments with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 


Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishment, with sales 1 
of more than $100,000 J 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 


.„„., 


..... 

(.dd 000) 


Opnalins eipenici (including piy roll) ol luch cMabliihmenli 
„p,e...d .. p.rc.nl lo n,.! ..I« 


Numbe, 


(sdd 000) 


Oper.l- 


Tnul 


Ir.live 


Selling 


D.liv.„ 


Ware- 


Occu- 
pancy 


Olha, 


DRUGS AND DRUG SUNDRIES (specialty Imes) (continued! 


TOILET ARTICLES AND 
PREPARATIONS 

UNITED STATIS TOTAL 


73 






24 
















.6 


Middle Atlantic 


53 
59 


17,770 


28.3 


20 
19 


9.159 
8.862 




9.5 

9.5 


12.3 


3,1 


1.0 
.7 


1.5 


.5 


New York 


« 


15,775 
857 


29.0 
18. 1 


} - 


8.862 


28.0 


9.5 


12.6 


3.1 


.7 


1.4 


.7 


DRY GOODS (full-line) 


UKITEE STATES TOTAL 


217 


257.598 


14,4 


146 


135.312 


14.7 


3.9 


5.4 


.6 


1.2 


1.6 


2,0 


Vlddle Atlantic 
East North Central 
•test North Central 
South Atlantic 
Sast South. Central 
West South Central 

TOTAL, 13 CITIIS 


44 
19 
20 
51 
32 

37 


37.843 

30^368 
21,572 
21,362 

135.647 


13.9 
15.2 
14.3 
14.6 
13.0 
14.6 

14.3 


30 
14 
14 
32 
25 
16 

27 


22.852 
34,442 
15.453 
16.717 
18.238 
15.243 

50.970 


14.1 
15.9 
17.0 
14.7 
12.6 
14.1 

14,9 


4.0 
3.5 
4,0 
4.3 
3,4 
3,9 

3.6 


5.5 
5.2 
6.8 
5.7 
4.4 
6.2 

4.9 


.2 

.5 

.5 
.6 

.7 


.6 
1.5 
2.6 

.6 
1.3 

.9 

1 ,1 


1.4 
2.2 
1.5 
1.1 
1.9 
1.2 

.1.9_ 


1.8 
2.7 
1.9 
2.5 
1.1 
1.3 


DRY GOO 


DS (specialty lines, 


NOIIONS 

UMTED S'rArfS TOTiO. 


178 


53.315 


17.4 


112 


31.215 


19.2 


7.2 


7.4 


.9 


.8 


1.7 


1.2 


telddle Atlantic 
East North Central 

TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


151 
14 

169 


47.831 
2,750 

51.565 


17.7 
14.2 

17.3 


90 

11 

108 


26.572 
30.540 


19.8 
14.0 

19.3 


7.5 

5.3 

7.2 


7.6 
5.1 

7.4 


.9 
1.1 

.9 


.8 
.5 


1.8 
1.3 

1.8 


1.2 
.7 


New York 

PIECE GOODS 
UNI?SD STATES T01»L 


140 
505 


45,262 
225,805 


17.5 
10.4 


86 
309 


25,735 
139.871 


20.1 
10.6 


7.6 
3.8 


7.7 
3.4 


.9 
.6 


.5 


1.8 
1.1 


1.3 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Pacific 

TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


£3 
380 
36 
48 

474 


7,084 
185,666 
13,807 
14,869 

219.461 


9.2 
10.1 
11.1 
13.0 

10.4 


12 

234 
20 
33 

291 


4.555 

117,078 

5,725 

8.752 

135.674 


8.7 
10.0 
16.4 
14.2 

10.5 


2.8 
3.6 
5.3 
5.1 

3.7 


2.7 
3.2 
5.5 
4.2 

3.4 


.6 
.5 
1.1 
1.1 

.6 


.3 
.4 
.8 
.5 

.5 


.8 
1.1 
1.5 
1.5 


1.5 
l.Z 
2.2 
1.7 


Chicago 
Los Angeles 
New York 


25 
27 
357 
17 


8,961 
10,548 

178,082 
6.152 


11.5 
11,8 
9.9 
15,5 


14 
19 
220 
10 


6 '.821 

113.843 

2.328 


15.8 
12.2 
9.9 
13.8 


5.5 
4.1 
3.5 
4.3 


5.3 
3.5 
3.2 
4.6 


1.0 

1.2 

.5 

.9 


1.0 
.4 
.5 


1.5 
1.4 
1.1 


2.5 
1.6 
1.1 
2.5 


ELECTRICAL GOODS 




ELECTRICAL, EXCEPT APPLIANCES 
CKETED STATES TOTAL 


614 


244.493 


15.7 




187.773 


14.6 


4.7 


4,9 


■7 


1.7 


1,6 




New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 

(continued) 


44 
146 
139 

60 


17,411 
61.823 
58,586 
23.997 


16,0 
16,5 
15.9 
15,8 


33 
91 
91 
41 


14.891 
45.845 
43,590 
18.965 


15.5 
15.2 
14.9 
15.1 


4.7 
4.8 
4.7 
5.0 


5.4 
5.0 
4.8 
5,1 


.5 
.9 
.7 
.6 


1.8 
1.8 
1.9 
2.0 


2,4 
1.8 
1.7 
1.5 


.7 
.9 
1.1 
.9 

























Vo 


. VI - 


Page 81 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 




(Only those establishments with 


lales of more than $100,000 a 


re included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishments with sale, 
of more than $100,000 


Establishmenu analyzed | 


.„... 


Nel ..Ic. 
(.dd 000) 


Opera 


n« t«p<!n 


" '■"'"" 


'llcl7, 1 


oil) ol .uch c.l.bl. 


•>"•"" 


Numbe, 




Op...i- 


Tolsl 


*^!vt 


S.lli,„ 


D.li..„ 


w«.- 

hou.< 


^Zy 


Othe, 






ELECTRICAL GOODS (continued) 


ELECTRICAL. EXCEPT APPLIANCES 
(continued) 


























1 


South Atlentlc 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


73 
25 
40 
15 
72 


♦26,034 
6.348 
11,572 
6,015 
32,707 


13.9 
13.0 
15.9 
14.1 
15.6 


52 
15 
33 
13 
51 




»19,557 
4,924 
9,977 
5,702 
24,222 


12.5 

11.6 
15.2 
13.4 
14.4 


4.0 
2.6 

5.2 
4.4 
5.1 


4.4 
4.4 
5.2 
5.3 
4.8 


.4 

.5 
.5 
.3 
.5 


1.5 
1.8 
1.5 
1.3 
1.4 


1.2 
1.4 

1.8 
1.1 
1.3 


1.0 
.9 
1.0 
1.0 
1.3 






120.415 


16.4 


138 




88.543 


15.7 


5.2 


5.1 


.8 


1.9 


1.7 


1.0 


Boston 
Chicago 
Detroit 
Los Angelas 
New York 


12 
31 
13 
18 
68 


8,107 
15,777 
10,194 
12,749 
27,771 


18.9 

16!2 
14.7 
17.7 


11 
16 
10 
12 
36 




7,834 
11,873 
8,482 
8,282 
18,412 


17.8 
16.3 
13.8 
12.5 
16.3 


5.2 
5.6 
4.0 
5.0 
5.5 


6.4 
4.4 

4.8 
4.3 
4.5 


.6 
1.2 
.4 

.3 
1.2 


2.0 
2.1 
1.9 
1.2 
1.9 


2.8 
1.6 
1.6 
.9 
2.1 


.8 

1.4 
1.1 
.8 
1.1 


RADIOS, REFRIGERATORS AND 
APPLIANCES 




























New England 
Mlidle Atlantic 
East North Centrel 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
test South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


427 


264.854 


18.0 


250 




187.545 


18.6 


4.6 


9.4 


.8 


.9 


1.3 


1.6 


92 
99 
51 
44 
15 
35 
15 
48 


11.514 
96,390 
60,261 
22,473 
22,146 

5,839 
15.059 

4,679 
26,493 


19.1 
18.5 
18.8 
18.9 
16.7 
18.2 
16.1 
18.8 
14.9 


17 
53 
53 
30 
22 
11 

1 " 

33 




8,451 
72,710 

14 ,'900 
11,867 
4,486 

18,425 


17.7 
19.9 
18.9 
18.1 
16.5 
19.8 
16.3 
16.1 


4.9 

4.9 
3.7 
5.0 
4.8 
4.9 

4.6 


8.5 
10.6 
10.5 

6.1 
7.8 
7.2 
7.0 


1.0 
.8 
.8 
.6 
.8 
.9 
.6 
.9 


.5 
.9 
1.4 
.8 
.6 
.9 

1.1 
.8 


1.5 
1.1 
1.3 
1.7 
1.5 
2.1 
1.1 
1.4 


1.3 
1.6 
1.2 
1.6 
2.7 
3.3 
1.5 
1.4 




151 




18.1 


88 




99,463 




4.6 


9.8 


.8 


.9 


1.2 


1.5 


Chicago 
New York 


18 
34 
12 


15.861 
25.781 
7.469 


18.1 
22.7 
15.6 


11 
21 
10 


10.282 
21,231 
6.920 


17.7 
22.6 
15.5 


4.4 
7.6 
4.4 


7.4 
8.8 
6.1 


1.6 
1.4 

1.3 


2.0 
1.2 


1.1 

1.8 
1.5 


■1.2 

1.4 








FARM 


PRODUCT 


rS - RA 


W MATERIALS 




COTTON 




























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


120 


186,934 


5.1 


42 






5.9 




.8 


1.9 


.7 




1.0 


South Atlantic 
East South Central 


42 
43 


44,569 
73,158 


5.6 
5.0 


10 
19 




11,433 
41,949 


5.0 
6.1 


1.3 
1.4 


.8 
.7 


1.4 
1.8 




.2 
.4 


.6 
.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


11 


23,920 


4.0 


5 




9,780 


3.8 


1.3 


.6 


.8 


.7 


.2 


.2 


GRAIN 




























UNITED STATES TOTAL 




424.950 


5.8 








5.9 


1.7 


.7 


.4 


1.4 




.6 


Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Test North Central 
West South Central 
Pacific 


20 
71 
93 
22 
42 


2S,335 
98.690 
217.132 
17,504 
41,649 


6.6 
5.6 
5.3 
5.6 
7.8 


10 
20 
31 
10 
14 




8.512 
40,121 
70,537 

6,429 
10,897 


7.7 
5.6 
5.6 
7.0 

6.0 


2.0 
1.6 
1.8 

1.2 
1.5 


1.0 

.4 

1.2 
.7 


1.2 
.3 
.2 

2.1 
.4 


1.3 
1.5 
1.5 
.6 
1.3 


.8 
1.1 
1.3 
.8 
.8 


1.4 
.3 
.4 

1.1 
1.3 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


38 


86,001 


5.6 


16 




26,646 


6.4 


2.4 


.6 


.3 


1.1 


1.2 


.8 


HIDES. SKINS AND FURS (raw) 




























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


298 


137.566 


7.7 


163 




91.140 


7.1 


2,6 


1.4 


•4 


i.9 


.9 


.? 


Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 


175 
30 
31 


69,322 
29,224 
9,377 


4.6 
12.2 


96 
22 

13 




46,661 
27,492 
4,547 


7.7 
4.3 
13.0 


3.0 
1.5 
4.7 


2)3 


.2 

.2 

.9 


.6 
1.2 
3.1 


1.0 
.4 

1.2 


1.1 
.3 
.8 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


209 


107,635 


7.3 


113 




72,037 


6.8 


2.6 


1.5 


.2 


.9 


.8 


■' 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 












WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5- ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 










FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities ol more than 500.000 Population 










(Only those establishments with sales o( more than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 


All establishments with sale. 1 
of more than $100,000 | 


Establishments analyzed | 






Opcral.ng expense. { mclud 


p',,'"," ,1 


'HiT. 




"■'"'• 






Op.r.l- 




Nun,b., 


Z'2l 


,EE 


""" 


(.dd 000 1 


To,., 


*t,'vT 


Stllini, 


D.liv.fy 


r.'« 


Occu. 


O.hc, 


FARM PRODUCTS - RAW MATERIALS : copt.r 


uedi 








TOBACCO .leal) 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


68 


»43,721 


14.8 


21 


»12,497 


15.3 


5.5 


1.8 


.8 


3.8 


1.0 


2.4 


TOTAL, 13 CIHES 


19 


8,531 


19.5 


9 


4.464 


20.1 


7.7 


3.0 


1.1 


3.8 


1.2 


3.3 


WOOL AND MOHAIR 




























92 


147.871 


5.9 


61 


98.717 


5.7 


1.9 


1.4 


.5 


.7 




.8 


New England 


41 


105,054 


6.0 


30 


66,223 


5.6 


1.9 


1.6 


.4 


.6 


.3 


.8 


Mldile Atlantic 


15 


20,023 


5.6 


10 


16,243 


5.7 


1.8 


1.3 


.5 


.6 


.6 


.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


56 


118.461 


4.9 


42 


85,385 


5.5 


1.9 


1.5 




.7 


.4 


.6 


Boston 


35 


96,297 


4.7 


27 


62,860 


5.C 


1.8 


1.6 


.3 


.6 


.3 


.6 


Ihiladelphia 


15 


20.323 


5.5 


10 


16.243 


5.7 


1.8 


1.3 


.5 


.6 


.6 


.9 


FARM PRODUCTS - CONSUMER GOODS 




DAIRY PRODUCTS 
































15.9 


309 


186,053 


15.2 


2.7 


3.2 


3.6 


1.6 


2.4 


1.5 


New England 


29 


10,917 


20.9 


15 


6,486 


22.3 


3.3 


3.9 


6.5 


3.2 


3.6 




Middle Atlantic 


221 


138,774 


15.1 


120 


94,374 


12.6 


2.6 


2.2 


3.6 


1.2 


1.8 


1.2 


East yorth Central 


206 


104,865 


14.5 


74 


44.892 


14.8 


2.7 


4.0 


2.4 


1.9 


2.2 


1.6 


lest North Central 


60 


32,284 


9.9 


20 


10,882 


9.0 


1.2 


2.2 


2.1 


1.5 


1.7 


.3 


South Atlantic 


26 


7,515 


27.0 


18 


5,545 


27.8 


4.7 


6.0 


4.8 


3.1 


6.7 


2.5 


Best South Central 


31 


8,311 


23.1 


10 


3.426 


27.4 


3.1 


6.3 


11.1 


1.7 


3.4 


1.8 


Pacific 


75 


30,766 


22.9 


38 


15,9<;i> 


25.2 


3.5 


4.9 


7.3 


2.2 


3.2 


4.1 




227 


164,674 


15.2 


131 


104,473 


13.1 


2.7 


£.9 


3.0 


1.4 


1.6 


1.5 


Chioego 


38 


29 , 926 


14.3 


19 


13.683 


11.7 


3.3 


3.5 


1.9 


1.2 


1.0 


.8 


Ne« York 


114 


69,519 


13.0 


72 


69,968 


11.1 


S.4 


1.9 


3.3 


1.2 


1.3 


1.0 


I'OLil.lRV AND POULTRY PRODUCTS 


























UNITE) STATES TCTAL 


488 


189.331 


7.2 


£49 


113,751 


7.7 


1.9 


1.4 


.9 


1.1 


1.0 


l.C 


Middle Atlantic 


169 


74,746 


6.6 


72 


46,599 


6.9 


2.0 


1.6 


_7 


.8 


.8 


1.0 


East North Central 


125 


46,607 


6.0 


71 


30,783 


6.2 


1.7 


1.1 


1.0 


.8 


1.0 


.6 


*e3t :.orth Central 


68 


28,386 


9.0 


31 


9,598 


9.2 


2.0 


1.5 


1.5 


1.8 


1.2 


1.2 


South Atlantic 


21 


4,862 


8.4 


11 


2,648 


9.1 


i.e 


2.9 


I.E 


.5 


1.8 


.9 


East South Central 


21 


5,079 


8.9 


13 


3,313 


8.8 


2.4 


1.5 


1.4 


2.0 


1.1 


.4 


.Ves-. South Central 


19 


3,906 


7.2 


11 


2,046 


8.5 


2.8 


1.7 


.6 


1.2 


1.2 


1.0 


Pacific 


42 


17,364 


9.7 


30 


12,942 


9.3 


1.6 


1.2 


.8 


2.2 


1.3 


2.2 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


282 


124,793 


6.5 


147 


84.617 


6.9 


2.0 


1.3 


.7 


1.0 


.8 


1.1 


Chicago 


41 


20,160 


4.7 


24 


13,335 


5.2 


1.9 


1.1 


.5 


.4 


.6 


.7 


Detroit 


22 


6,123 


7.1 


13 


3,757 


7.3 




1.2 


1.1 


.9 


1.4 


.9 


Los Angeles 


17 


9,547 


9.0 


13 


8,165 


9.5 


1.8 


1.3 


.8 


2.6 


1.0 


2.0 


Nev. York 


130 


58,395 


6.7 


56 


36,537 


6.9 


2.1 


1.5 


.5 


.7 


.7 


1.3 


St. Louis 


21 


5,803 


7.2 


11 


3,554 


9.5 


2.2 


1.0 


1.1 


2.5 


1.6 


1.1 























Vol. 


VI - Page 83 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities 


of more than 500.000 Popul 


ation. 










(Only tho.e 


establishments with sales of n 


ore than $100,000 a 


e included.) 










Kind oi Business 


AH esta 
of mo 


olishments with sales 1 
re than $100,000 \ 


Establishments analyzed | 




N...... 


Op.,.1 


"' "Zl 


L.'lZ'' 


IL17, ,r 


n.l ..1.. 


h ,.,.bi.. 


m.n.. 






Op...,- 


and Area 


Numb., 


Nm .ok. 


plni", 


Numb., 






Adm,ni>' 






W.r.- 


Occu- 








(.dd 000) 


To".!.. 




(.dd 000) 


Tot.l 




Selling 


D.liv.nr 




P.".:, 


Olht. 


FARM PRODUCTS - CONSUMER GOODS continued) 


DAIRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS 


























UNITED STATBS TOTAL 


473 


4277.709 


7.8 


312 


J206.500 


8.0 


2.0 


1.8 


1.3 


1.0 


1.0 


.9 


New England 


40 


29,732 


7.2 


34 


24,300 


7.9 


1.8 


2.1 






1.2 


1.4 


Middle Atlantic 


208 


127,045 


7.4 


140 


89,184 


7.2 


2.2 


1.5 


l!o 


!3 


.8 


9 


East Nortti Central 


100 


60,789 


5.6 


64 


49,165 


5.9 


1.9 


1.1 


.8 


.9 


.8 


.4 


West North Central 


40 


9,852 


8.2 


17 


5,157 


8.8 


1.5 


1.4 


.6 


2.8 


1.8 


.7 


South Atlantic 


21 


11,525 


11.5 


14 


8,982 


11.9 


2.0 


4.0 


1.0 


2.3 


1.4 


.7 


West South Central 


17 


4,918 


11.3 


13 


4,305 


11.7 


2.7 


3.8 


.6 


1.3 


2.4 


.9 


Pacific 


39 


28,009 


11.9 


27 


24,172 


11.7 


1.3 


2.3 


4.5 


1.1 


1.7 


.8 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


252 


196.359 


6.9 


182 


j^53_3r,a 


7.0 


2.0 


1.5 


1.2 


.7 


.8 


.8 


Boston 


22 


20,936 


6.2 


IS 


15,900 


5.9 




1.7 


.5 


.5 


.9 


1.5 


Chicago 


37 


39,363 


4.6 


27 


33,827 


5.1 


2.0 


1.1 


.4 


.5 


.5 


.5 


New York 


118 


89,226 


7.1 


80 


65,974 


6.5 


2.2 


1.2 


.9 


.7 


.7 


.8 


Philadelphia 


24 


9,229 


7.5 


16 


7,416 


5.5 


1.5 


1.3 


•7 


.9 


.9 


.7 


FRUITS AND VEGETABLES (fresh; 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


2.140 


786.588 


10.0 


1.379 








2.2 


2.3 


1-4 


1.4 


1.1 


New England 


183 


55,328 


10.4 


107 


39,740 


11.0 


2.7 


1.9 


2.3 


1.4 


1.5 


1.2 


Ulddle Atlantic 


617 


253,209 


8.7 


371 


144,737 


10.5 


2.4 


2.1 


2.7 


.9 


1.3 


1.1 


Bast North Central 


435 


160,594 


9.6 


267 


110,210 


10.1 


2.4 


1.8 


2.5 


1.3 


1.1 


1.0 


West North Central 


233 


92,809 


9.9 


150 


70,947 


9.9 


2.6 


2.2 


1.5 


1.5 


1.3 


.7 


South Atlantic 


179 


51,607 


12.0 


104 


31,788 


13.1 


3.5 


2.5 


2.6 


1.8 


1.6 


1.1 


East South Central 


62 


20,005 


11.4 


44 


14,312 


13.2 


2.7 


2.4 


3.6 


1.9 


1.3 


1.3 


West South Central 


108 


37,096 


12.1 


74 


25,670 


12.2 


3.0 


2.7 


1.8 


1.8 


1.3 


1.6 


Itountaln 


77 


20,523 


12.0 


54 


13,973 


13.0 


2.8 


2.7 


2.7 


2.2 


1.4 


1.2 


Pacific 


246 


84,417 


11.7 


198 


71,850 


12.0 


2.7 


2.8 


1.7 


1.7 


2.0 


1.1 


TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


848 


375.418 


8.6 


537 


232,692 


10.0 


2.5 


1.9 


2.1 


1.2 


1.4 


.9 


Boston 


66 


28,026 


8.9 


43 


17,190 


10.3 


2.7 


1.8 


1.2 


1.7 


1.5 


.1.3 


Chicago 


110 


56,292 


8.7 


68 


41,667 


8.9 


2.4 


1.5 


1.8 


1.3 


1.0 


.9 


Cleveland 


34 


12,729 


9.2 


26 


10,184 


10.5 


2.0 


1.2 


4.1 


1.5 


1.0 


.7 


Detroit 


36 


15,852 


8.3 


22 


9,485 


10.5 


1.7 


1.1 


4.3 


1.6 


1.1 


.7 


Los Angeles 


75 


25,914 


11.5 


64 


23,061 


10.9 


2.4 


2.2 


1.6 


1.0 


2.5 


1.2 


Milwaukee 


21 


5,410 


9.0 


14 


4,511 


7.0 


2.7 


1.6 


1.2 


.4 


.8 


.3 


New York 


281 


122,259 


9.3 


159 


71,497 


11.2 


2.5 


2.1 


3.0 


1.2 


1.4 


1.0 


Philadelphia 


58 


22,809 


7.2 


41 


15,216 


7.9 


2.8 


1.9 


1.2 


1.0 


.8 


.2 


Pittsburgh 


42 


34,584 


4.6 


13 


5,587 


8.2 


1.5 


1.7 


1.1 


1.0 


2.0 


.9 


St. Louis 


50 


19,804 


7.3 


38 


14,896 


7.4 


2.7 


1.3 


.7 


1.0 


1.2 


.5 


San Francisco 


36 


16,959 


11.7 


29 


13,077 


13.5 


__3^3_ 










.8 


FARM SUPPLIES 


FEED 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


363 


114,047 


8.8 


123 


34,809 


10.9 


3.1 


2.0 


1.6 




!•* 




Middle Atlantic 


54 


23,255 


7.8 


13 


3,553 


14.2 


3.9 




3.5 


1.9 


1.9 


.8 


East North Central 


58 


19,680 


9.4 


25 


6,874 


12.0 


3.0 


1.8 


1.9 


1.3 


1.7 


2.3 


West North Central 


61 


14,496 


8.7 


16 


3,973 


10.6 


2.3 


3.3 


1.9 


.9 


1.2 


1.0 


South Atlantic 


56 


14,187 


9.9 


22 


7,284 


11.9 


4.2 


2.3 


1.3 


1.0 


1.5 


1.6 


West South Central 


47 


11,838 


6.9 


22 


4,612 


7.7 


2.0 


1.2 


.9 


1.5 


1.3 


.8 


Pacific 


42 


17,792 


9.8 


10 


4,076 


9.3 


2.8 


1.6 


.9 


1.0 


1.1 


1.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


30 


15,347 


8.2 


9 


2,873 


12.4 


4.7 


2.1 


2.6 


.8 


1.2 


1.0 


SEEDS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


189 


81,727 


18.5 


109 


51,187 


30-8 


5.3 


5.2 


2.2 


3.2 


3.1 


1.8 


Middle Atlantic 


24 


7,230 


24.2 


1« 




28.5 


7.1 


9.1 


3.3 


5.1 


1.8 


2.1 


East North Central 


36 


18,641 


24.2 


23 


15[477 


24.5 


6.6 


7.4 


2.1 


3.4 


2.7 


2.5 


West North Central 


50 


30,396 


16.0 


26 


17,730 


17.6 


4.2 


3.4 


2.5 


2.3 


4.1 


1.1 


South Atlantic 


20 


5,994 


L2.9 


12 


4,404 


13.9 


4.2 


3.0 


.7 


3.1 


1.3 


1.6 


TOTAL, 13 CITIBS 


44 


24,501 


22.2 


29 


18,929 


22.5 


5.9 


6.6 


2.2 


3.0 


2.5 


2.3 






Vol. VI - Page 84 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSlS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions »nd Ihe 13 Citi« ol more than 500,000 Popuialion 
(Only those e.tabli»hmenU with sales ol more than $100,000 are included.) 


Kind of Business 
and Area 


ol more than $100,000 


EitablUhmenU analyzed | 


Numbe, 


(.dd 000) 


°'"*""'"":::„l:t'z."'r'lir' "'"""'™"" | 


--' 


Net ulei 
{.dd 000) 


Oper.l- 


Toul 


Admini.- 


S.lli„. 


D<li«<>, 


Wur 


Occu- 


ou... 


FURNITURE AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS 


CHINA, GLASSWARE AND 
CROCKERY 

Middle Atlantic 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

Naw York 

FLOOR COVERINGS 

UNITED STATES TOTAL 

New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 

TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

Now York 

Philadelphia 

FURNITURE household 
and oH.ce, 

UNITED STATES TOTAL 


52 


♦14.046 


22.9 


32 


♦9.397 


22.0 


7.5 


8.5 


1.4 


1.7 


2.2 


.7 


21 
36 


4,484 
9.976 


22.7 
21.5 


13 
19 


2,988 
5.805 


21.8 
19.2 


7.7 
6.8 


7.9 
8.2 


1.6 

.9 


1.6 
1.1 


2.5 
1.8 


.5 
.4 


17 
152 


76.120 


22.1 
12.9 


12 
93 


2,846 
50.251 


21.3 


7.6 
4.7 


7.7 
4.1 


1.4 


... 

.9 


2.5 


.5 


14 
67 
24 

91 


3o|540 
13,132 

53.047 


13.9 
12.4 
11.4 

13.0 


10 
45 
13 

62 


3,953 
24,025 
7,176 

39.337 


13.2 
12.6 
11.8 

13.9 


4.3 
4.6 
4.0 

5.1 


3.4 
3.5 
4.1 

4.2 


1.1 
1.1 
.6 

.9 


.7 
.9 
.7 

.9 


1.7 
1.4 
1.3 

1.5 


2.0 
1.1 
1.1 

1.3 


41 
11 

94 


21,022 
4,333 

27.955 


12.4 

12.9 

19.5 


25 
11 

62 


15,414 
4,668 

18.391 


12.8 
13.3 

20.7 


4.7 
4.6 

6.5 


3.6 
4.1 

6.5 


1.3 
1.0 

1.2 


,6 
1.6 

1.9 


1.5 
1.1 

2.8 


1.1 

1.0 

1.8 


Middle Atlantic 

New York 

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 
AND SHEET MUSIC 

DNITED STATES TOTAL 

TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


35 

54 


8,970 
13.538 


20.7 


20 
33 


5,764 
9.269 


a. 8 


6.4 


7.6 


1.5 
1,5 


2.0 


3.1 
3.1 


1.2 
1.4 


25 

35 
26 


7,498 

10,966 
7,006 


21.5 
29.4 


15 

18 
13 


5,005 

6,811 
4,053 


28.7 
29.3 


6.4 

10.6 
11.9_ 


8.2 

9.2 

7.5 


1.5 

1.4 

1.2 


2.1 

2.1 

3.1 


3.0 

2.9 
3.5 


1.2 

2.5 


GENERAL MERCHANDISE 


UNITED STATES TOTAL 


116 


1 22. 461 


15.8 


89 


111.280 


16.1 


4.6 


5.4 


.7 




1.7 




Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
Eaat South Central 
Pacific 

TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


19 
23 
10 
14 
13 

36 


13,159 
24.206 
23,329 
13,125 
12,164 

55.891 


18.8 
17.4 
16.1 
10.2 
18.0 

17.0 


14 

IB 
10 

11 
10 

25 


12,244 
23,097 
23,329 
12,386 
9,740 

52,349 


18.7 
17.3 
16.1 
10.4 
18.8 

17.0 


5.3 
4.8 
4.3 
3.6 
5.3 

4.7 


6.5 
6.0 
5.9 
3.0 
5.4 

5.8 


1.2 

!5 
.6 

.5 

.5 


2.4 
2.6 
2.3 
1.4 
3.1 

2.7 


1.7 
1.7 
1.7 
.9 
2.2 

1.7 


1.6 
1.4 
1.4 
.9 
2.3 

1.6 


GROCERIES (full i.ne) 


UNITED STATES TOTAL 

New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
Bast South Central 
West South Central 

(continued) 


2.885 


1,685.807 


9.2 


1.857 


1.260.377 


9.3 


2.4 


2.5 


1.1 


1.3 


1.0 




131 
296 
439 
316 
529 
361 
547 


76,143 
271,575 
304,482 
217,398 
208,709 
154,834 
246,732 


12.1 
10.1 
10.5 
9.9 
8.1 
8.1 
8.2 


101 
S13 
263 
200 
330 
236 
323 


65,011 
211,228 
232,288 

149,731 
146,350 
116,625 
168,872 


11.0 
9.9 
10.9 
10.2 
8.3 
8.2 
8.0 


3.0 
2.4 

3.0 
2.9 
2.3 
2.2 

1.9 


2.8 
2.8 

s'.o 

1.9 
1.9 
2.0 


1.5 
1.6 
1,2 

1.1 
1.0 
1.1 




1.1 
.8 

1.2 

1.0 
.9 

1.0 
.9 

























Vol. 


VI - Page 85 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population, 
(Only those establishments with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 


Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishments w,t 
of more than $100 


1 salej 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 


000 


Number 




Op.,.,l„8 „p.„.„^^(,„clud,„,^^p„ -"j^^"^^'-'- ""b.-h^.n,. 1 


..., 


(.dd 000) 


Op.,.1- 
lo ulei 


(.dd 000) 


Tp.., 


Admin,5- 
tral.ve 


Selling 


D.li.ery 


rou." 


°z, 


0*.. 


GROCERIES (full-hne) (continued) 


t.tounteln 
Pacific 


135 
131 


$77,379 
128,555 


8.5 


83 
108 


$51,361 
126,911 

302.566 


8.2 
8.1 

11.1 


2.1 
2.1 

2.9 


2.2 
2.3 

3.5 


.7 

.8 
1.5 


1.2 
1.3 

1.5 


.9 
.7 

.9 


1.1 

.9 


Boston 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Detroit 

Los Angelas 

Milwaukee 

Ne^' York 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

St. Louis 


17 
36 
13 
24 
30 
12 
55 
26 
14 
16 


24,591 
62,733 

14,'962 
38,604 
11,085 
120,872 
19,135 
12,472 
13.889 


14.3 
14.3 
14.4 
7.1 
7.5 
11.0 
11.1 
9.2 
9.3 
13.1 


13 

27 

11 

16 
23 
IC 
40 
21 
13 
10 


10,096 
53,320 
13,337 
11,865 
37,396 
10,735 
102,638 
11,896 
12,139 
12.120. 


9.9 
15.4 
15.0 

7.5 

7.7 
11.1 
10.5 
11.2 

9.1 
13_^ 


2.6 
4.3 
4.0 
1.8 
2.0 
3.3 
2.4 
2.7 
2.1 


2.3 
5.4 
3.7 
1.9 
2.3 
3.2 
3.3 
2.7 
2.1 


1.5 
1.6 
2.2 
1.1 
.8 

1.9 
1.6 
1.7 


1.5 
1.7 
2.5 
1.0 
1.3 
1.8 
1.5 
1.6 
1.4 
1.8 


1.1 
1.5 
1.0 

.6 
1.0 

.7 
1.1 

.9 
1.1 


.9 
.9 
1.6 
.9 

.6 
.7 
1.5 

.9 
.7 


GROCERIES AND FOODS (specially lines) 


CANNED GOODS 

TOITED STATES TOTAL, 

l.'.lddle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Pacific 

TOTAL, 13 CITHS 

COFhtt, ILA AND SPICES 

UKITED STATES TOTAL 


107 


57.076 


12.5 


53 


30.507 


13.6 


3.9 


4.1 


1.7 


1.6 


1.1 


1.2 


39 
23 

18 

50 
208 


22,075 
9,100 
13,291 

29,029 
86.896 


12.3 
11.9 
13.6 

12.2 
22.0 


11 
13 
11 

13 
138 


6,370 
5,816 
9,219 

8,405 
54,946 


14.8 
11.2 
15.3 

14.2 


4.6 
4.4 
4.0 

4.5 
5.8 


4.4 
2.7 
5.6 

4.1 
10.2 


2.4 
.8 
1.2 

2.3 


1.2 
1.3 
1.9 

2.9 


1.2 
1.3 
.8 

2.4 


1.0 
,7 
1.8 

.9 


New Eneland 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
•lest South Central 
Pacific 


14 
47 

24 
26 
34 

93 


6,387 
19,730 
11,420 
13,377 

5,874 
17,481 

48.489 


17.4 
19.3 
23.0 
26.5 
23.9 
25.1 

21.5 


10 
33 
22 
15 
12 


2,306 
10,676 
10,238 
10,681 

2,797 


23.9 
24.6 
23.4 
23.8 
30.1 
32.1 


3.3 
5.8 
5.2 
4.8 
6.7 
7.7 

6.4 


8.0 
8.3 
9.1 
10.7 
13.7 
13.4 

10.2 


1.9 
2.8 
2.8 
2.7 
2.5 
2.7 

S.5 


2.9 
3.4 
2.5 
1.8 
3.3 
3.9 

3.1 


4.7 
1.9 
2.7 
1.9 
2.4 
3.0 

3.1 


3.1 
2.4 

1.1 
1.9 
1.5 
1.4 

1.7 


New York 

CONFECTIONERY 


13 
25 

278 


6,279 
15,971 


17.0 
17.5 

11.4 


10 

16 


2,306 
7,705 

32.282 


23.9 
23.6 

12.0 


3.3 

5.9 

3.2 


8.0 
7.5 

3,8 


1.9 

2.9 

1,5 


2.9 

3.3 

,9 


4.7 

X.3 


3.1 
2.2 

1.3 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
South Atlantic 


29 
94 
51 
39 


5,438 
20,013 
9,263 
7,868 

19.361 


12.7 
12.1 
11.6 
12.6 

10.3 


17 
55 
36 
20 

47 


2,821 
12,475 
7,075 
4,126 

11.424 


14.0 
12.4 
12.0 
12.8 

10.7 


4.1 
3.3 
3.6 
2.7 


4.0 
4.1 
3.4 
4.2 

3.3 


1.9 
1.5 
1.3 
1.5 

1.1 


.9 
.8 
1.4 
1.3 

1.1 


1.4 
1.4 
1.8 
1.6 

1.1 


1.7 
1.3 
1.1 
1.5 

.9 


New York 

FISH AND SEA FOODS 


34 


7,249 


10.6 


23 


5,759 
60.254 


8.9 
19.3 


2.4 

4.5 


2.8 


1.1 


.5 
3.1 


.9 


1.2 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
Pacific 


54 
104 
49 
23 
41 

211 


17,064 
30,069 
13,419 
5,312 
10,515 

62.422 


19.0 
16.4 
21.1 
21.0 
19.1 

18.0 


38 
71 
32 
17 
30 

135 


11,903 
22,521 
10,497 
3,552 
7,670 

44.923 


20.3 
16.5 
22.2 
18.3 
21.1 

18.8 


4.6 
4.3 
5,1 
5.1 
4.2 

4.5 


3.4 

2.9 
5.9 
3.9 
1.8 

3.3 


3.2 
3.5 
3.8 
2.6 
4.3 

3.4 


3.2 
2.0 
3,0 
4.1 
5.9 

3.1 


2.2 
1.9 
2.4 
2.0 
1.7 

1.9 


3.7 
1.9 
2.0 
.6 
3.2 

2.6 


Boston 
Chicago 
New York 
Philadelphia 

(continued) 


37 
24 
70 
21 


13,137 
9,037 

23,642 
4,074 


18.4 
19.8 
16.3 
13.1 


27 
18 
49 
13 


9,731 
7,719 
17,624 
3,077 


19.5 

16.5 
11.7 


4.5 
4.6 
4.3 
5.1 


2.5 
5.8 
2.8 
3.4 


3.1 
3.5 
3.5 
1.2 


3.7 
2.6 
2.1 
.2 


1.8 
1.9 
1.5 
1.6 


3.9 
2.2 
2.3 

.2 



Vol. VI - Page 86 


























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Division, and the 13 Cities o( more than 500,000 Population. 










(Only IhoK «tabli.hnienu with .al» o( more than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


All eatablUhments with sales 1 
of more than $100,000 | 


EstablUhmenU analyzed | 


Numb,, 


N« ulc. 
(.dd 000) 


Op.,.,m, „p.„„. (i„olud 


percent lo 


II) »l .u 


'•-'""■ 1 


Nu>nber 


Not ulc. 
(.dJ 000) 


Op...i- 
in« e«- 

poccnt 
10 ulu 


Toul 


^tivt 


S.M[», 


Deliver, 


r.".' 


O.CU- 
puey 


OOuc 




GROCERIES AND FOODS (specially line 


.Si (com 


nued) 








FLOUR 


























tJOTTED STAraS TOTAL 


197 


465,235 


9.1 


94 


»37.784 


9.4 


2.6 


2.3 


1.1 


1..1.. 


1.0 


.,.l.-.3 


Middle Atlantlo 
East North Central 
West North Central 


62 
45 
26 


19,582 
12,186 
10,335 


9.3 
9.8 
7.3 


28 
19 

17 


9,407 
7,240 
8,495 


10.5 
9.9 

6.6 


2.8 
2.8 

1.9 


2.4 

1.7 
1.6 


1.9 
1.4 
.5 


l'.7 
.9 


.7 

1.2 
1.2 


1.9 
1.1 

.6 


TOTAL, 13 0ITIE3 


74 


27,680 


8.9 


37 


16,383 


9.3 


a. 6 


2.1 


1.2 


1.2 


.8 


1.4 


MEATS AND MEAT PRODUCTS 


























CNITED STATES TOTAL 


9S9 


386.574 


10.2 


643 


278.714 


11.3 






1.5 


1.4 


1.6 


1.9 


New Sngland 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South At lent la 
East South Central 
West South Central 


139 
323 
215 
33 

81 
15 
30 


63,053 
145,816 
89,768 
11,628 
31,121 
4,640 
8,501 


9.0 
9.3 
11.3 
12.6 
10.4 
8.8 
12.2 


92 
223 
144 
27 
47 
10 
18 


45,602 
110,597 
62,850 
9,022 
18,744 
3,167 
5,256 
J 23,476 


10.1 
10.7 
12.1 
12.8 
11.6 
9.7 
12.4 


2.7 
2.7 
3.0 

3.1 
2.5 
2.0 
2.9 


2.2 
2.0 
2.7 
2.6 
3.1 
2.1 
2.9 


1.0 
1.1 
1.4 
1.9 
1.7 
1.0 
1.6 


1.8 

1.0 
1.9 
1.4 
1.3 
1.0 
1.6 


1.8 
1.4 
8.0 

1.8 
1.7 
1.9 
1.9 


1.7 
8.6 
1.1 
8.0 

1.3 
1.7 
1.8 


Itountaln 
Paolflo 


15 
103 


3,600 
28,447 


13.1 
12.6 


76 


13.6 


3.0 


2.5 


1.6 


8.1 


2.4 


8.0 


TOTAL. 13 CITUS 


814 




10,2 


354 


179.390 


11.6 


2.9 


2,4 




1.4 


1.8 


8.8 


Boston 
Chicago 
Cleveland 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Ne« York 
Philadelphia 
San Franolsoo 


62 
75 
24 

38 
21 
202 
32 
17 


28,966 

43,697 
11,507 
12,267 
6,399 
104,131 
13,091 
7,838 


10.5 
10.9 
11.8 
10.4 
16.1 
8.8 
12.5 
10.6 


43 
47 
17 
26 
16 
147 
22 
14 


22,703 
27,926 
8,887 
9,426 

5,385 
81,243 
10,227 

6,733 


11.8 
12.4 
12.7 

11.4 
18.8 
11.0 
10.8 
11.2 


3.2 
3.3 
2.8 
3.3 

3.5 
2.6 
3.2 
2.1 


2.5 
3.0 
2.6 
2.4 
3.6 
2.1 
8.6 
1.7 


1.2 
1.7 
1.6 
1.1 

1.6 
1.0 
1.5 

1.2 


1.4 
1.6 
2.6 
8.1 
3.0 
.9 
1.0 
2.0 


1.3 
1.6 
8.4 

1.6 
8.1 
1.3 
1.6 
1.8 


8.8 
1.8 

'.9 

3.0 
3.1 
1.0 
8.4 


SOFT DRINKS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


43 


10,696 


16.2 


7 


1,769 


28.7 


6.6 


7.2 


8.9 


4.3 


8.8 


2.6 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


9 


2,989 


25.4 


2 


998 


32.6 


8.1 


6.6 


7.7 


6.1 


8.2 


1.9 


SUGAR 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


S« 


64.969 


5.2 




27.308 




1.2 


1.1 


.6 


,4 


,4 




East North Central 


£4 


24,223 


4.0 


10 


17,203 


3.6 


1.8 


1.1 


.4 


.4 


.1 


.4 










14 


18.912 


3.6 


1.1 


1.1 


,8 


,s 


• « 


.4 




HARDWARE 






HARDWARE (specialty lines) 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


S12 




17.9 


??6 


257.316 


17.7 


?.f 


8.8 


..JL? 


...a,;i^ 


.-ILX. 


i.8 


New England 
Middle Atlantlo 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantle 
East South Central 


31 
112 
74 
40 
96 
47 


12,487 
49,629 
78,387 
61,BS6 
41,616 
32,663 


22.2 

21.0 
17.2 
19.4 
16.4 
16.9 


19 
67 
47 
£2 
68 
33 


8,787 
32,077 
60,099 
31,841 
28,673 
26,740 


22.7 

21.2 
17.0 
19.4 
16.0 
16.7 


4.7 


7.7 
6.6 
6.7 
6.4 
8.7 
4.8 


1.7 
1.6 


sis 


3.0 
8.6 
1.8 
8.9 
8.0 
8.0 


l.S 
8.0 
.7 
1.1 
l.S 
1.8 


(oontlnued) 



























Vol. VI - Page 87 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities ol more than 500,000 Population. 
'.Only (hose establishmtnU with sal« ol more than $100,000 are mcluded.) 


Kind of Business 
and Area 


AH establishments with sales 
ol more than $100,000 


Establishments analyzed | 


Number 






Numb., 


Opcr.i- 


T.l 


""ivT 


Selling 


Deli.ery 


W... 


Occu- 


Cbe, 


HARDWARE l continued! 


HARDWARE luli line continued) ■ 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 


48 
24 
40 

90 


$34,373 
17,087 
45,027 


26.1 
16.0 
17.2 

18.8 


37 

18 
25 

58 


*29,245 
13,570 
27,284 

75.700 


16.4 
15.7 

17.6 


5.2 
4.9 
4.7 


5.4 

4.8 

5.7 


.6 
.6 
1.1 


2.0 
2.0 
2.8 


1.8 
2.3 
1.6 


1.4 
1.1 
1.7 


New York 

HARDWARE specialty lines) 

Kiddle Atlantic 
East North Central 


35 


13,489 
26.909 


21.3 
19.7 


23 


5,820 


21.2 


7.0 


4.8 


2.3 


1.7 


2.9 


2.5 


44 
21 


11,405 
5,343 


19.4 
16.5 


21 
11 

31 


6,120 
2,642 


19.1 
21.0 


7.0 
8.1 


4.8 
8.8 


3.0 
.7 


1.9 
1.9 


2.0 
.9 


1.4 
.6 


New York 


._ 30. 


8.445 


L18.O 


16 


5.219 




5.5 


4.5 


2.1 


1.6 


1.9 


1.3 


JEWELRY AND OPTICAL GOODS 




JEWELRY .lull hnel 
UNITED STATES TOTAL 






16.6 


65 


















Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 

TOTAL. 13 CITTF.S 


37 
22 

65 


10,897 
9,424 

24.300 


16.7 
21.0 

17.3 


28 
17 

47 


8,466 
7,508 

13.700 


13.2 
21.2 

18.4 


5.2 

8.0 

6.4 


5.8 
7.6 

7.1 


.5 
.5 

.4 


.5 
.5 

.4 


2.2 
1.8 

1.9 


2.0 
2.8 

2.2 


New York 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES 


19 


6,044 


16.3 


16 
15 


5,478 
8.669 


17.3 
13.7 


5.4 
5.8 


7.1 
4,2 


.4 

.6 


.4 
.1 


2.4 

1.0 


1.6 
2.0 


Middle Atlantic 

TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

DIAMONDS AND OTHER 
PRECIOUS STONES 

TOUTED STATES TOTAL 


18 
26 

35 


9,720 
6.732 


13.9 
13.7 

12.4 


11 
15 

13 


6,542 
8,669 

2,660 


13.9 
13.7 

15.3 


5.5 
5.8 

5.8 


4.3 
4.2 

5.4 


.7 
.6 

.1 


.1 
.1 


1.0 
1.0 

2.1 


2.2 

2.0 

1.9 


Middle Atlantic 
TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


29 


5,299 
6.139 


11.7 
11.4 


10 
13 


2,134 
2,660 


15.8 
15.3 


5.7 
5.8 


5.9 
5.4 


.1 

.1 


- 


2.1 
2.1 


2.0 
1.9 


New York 

OPTICAL GOODS 
DOTTED STATES TOTAL 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


28 

70 
39 


5.197 

15,576 
10,486 


11.7 

36.9 
35.0 


10 

23 
19 


2,134 

5,018 
5,142 


15.8 

35.0 
34.9 


5.7 

13.1 
12.1 


5.9 

10.5 
11.3 


.1 

1.6 
1.7 


4.7 


2.1 

2.9 
2.6 


2.0 

2.5 
2,5 



Vol. VI Page 88 


























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5- ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisioru and the 13 Cilie. of more than 500,000 Population. 
(Only tho.e e.Ubli8hnnenU with «le<. of more than $100,000 are included.) 




Kind of Business 
and Area 


of more than $100,000 




E.tablUhm 


ent. analyzed 








Niimb., 




(.dd 000) 


°-'"- "--; 


. (.ndud 
cued ai 


pcrcanl lo 


II) ol ,^ 




h..„,. 


Numb« 


Net ul« 
(.dd 000) 


Op«.i- 


.., 


Admini.- 
tralive 


Sellin, 


Daliv.o' 


W«e- 


Occu. 


ou,.. 






LUMBER AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 








BUILDERS' SUPPLIES (full line) 


























DNITED STATES TOTAl 


212 


♦61,405 


21.4 


96 


126,461 


19.4 


5.6 


4.0 


2.4 


2.7 






Kiddle Atlantic 
last North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
West South Central 


55 
58 
21 
25 
20 


17,211 
14,421 
4,615 
6,437 
3,770 


22,0 
24.5 
23.3 
20,4 
21.4 


26 
14 
10 
10 
12 


6,640 
3,313 
2,586 
3.270 
2,466 


19.2 
17.7 
22.5 
21.0 
16.8 


5.1 

5.9 

6.0 
5.7 
5.9 


4.2 
3.7 
4.6 
4.6 
3.2 


3.0 
1.3 
2.8 
2.7 
1.5 


3.0 
3.2 
3.7 
4.1 
2.7 


2.1 
2.4 
3.4 

1.6 
2.7 


1.8 
1.2 
2,0 
2.3 

.8 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


47 


19,938 


25.8 


17 


4,351 


19.0 


5.1 


5.0 


2.6 


2.4 


1.6 


2.3 


LUMBER AND MILLWORK 


























DNITED STATES TOTAL 


506 


166.714 


18.5 


201 


73.815 


19.5 


5.2 


4.1 


2.9 


3.2 


2.2 


1.9 


Kiddle Atlantic 
East Horth Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
Pacific 


119 
117 
*8 
63 
33 
57 


38,486 
38,138 
17,113 
16,694 
7,392 
22,505 


20.0 
17.1 
17.9 
16.9 
19.8 
22.0 


43 
56 
24 
16 
11 
30 


13,122 
22,123 
9,177 
5,608 
1,960 
10,914 


16.4 
17.9 

2l!2 
27.0 


6.9 
4.8 
6.3 
3.6 
6.6 
4.5 


3.9 
3.9 
4.5 
3.0 
3.0 
6.0 


1.3 
1.0 
1.7 
4.5 
9.5 


3.6 
2.6 
2.4 
6.9 
3.3 
3.8 


3.0 
2.1 
2.4 

2.6 
2.0 
1.3 


2.4 

1.7 
1.3 
2.9 
l.B 

1.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


183 


72.034 


18.9 


72 


















Chicago 
New York 


46 


12,039 
17,678 


15.2 
18.5 


10 


5,698 
5,894 


15.5 
20.6 


3.9 
6.8 


6.8 
3.4 


.3 

2.8 


1.2 
2.7 


1.4 
2.6 


1.9 
2.3 


CEMENT, LIME AND PLASTER 


























TJKITED STATES TOTAL 


48 


15,290 


17.5 


16 


6,349 


16.7 


5.3 


3.8 


2.1 


2.1 


1.5 


1.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


20 


7,217 


16.2 


6 


2,724 


15.9 


5.8 


4.0 


1.6 


1.8 


1.7 


1.0 


GLASS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


65 


15,683 


28.9 


35 


9,006 


28.7 


8.6 


5.9 


2.3 


6.5 


3.7 


1.7 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

SAND, GRAVEL AND CRUSHED 
STONE 
DNITED STATES TOTAL 


32 


9,461 
7,244 


£8.9 


17 
10 


5,491 
3,321 


27.0 
32.9 


6.9 


5.3 
3.8 


2.0 

11.1 


6.3 
1.3 


3.7 
6.1 


1.3 
3.7 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


12 


3,897 


31.9 


5 


2,127 


35.6 


5.8 


2.9 


15.6 


1.6 


7.8 


1.9 




MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT AND S 


UPPLIES 








COMMERCIAL MACHINERY, 
EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 


























( Office (except furniture) ) 


























DNITED STATES TOTAL 


38 


9,227 


28.3 


10 


2,664 


30.6 


14.4 


8.5 


2.0 


1.6 


2.7 


1.4 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


24 


6,910 


28.8 


8 


2,425 


30.4 


14.5 


8.4 


2.1 


1.6 


2.5 


1.3 


COMMERCIAL MACHINERY, 
EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 


























Store, Restaurant and Hotel 
































24.7 


45 


13.766 


24.7 


8.1 


9.2 


1.2 


2.1 


2.4 


1.7 


mddle Atlantic 
East North Central 


S7 
26 


9,044 
8,592 


23.4 
25.3 


17 
13 


4,784 
5,376 


24.6 
25.2 


8.2 
8.3 


8.4 
10.2 


1.1 

1.1 


1.8 
2.4 


2.7 
2.3 


2.4 

.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


58 


18,860 


23.5 


26 


10,099 


25.0 


8.4 


9.5 


1.0 


2.1 


2.3 


1.7 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5 -ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 










FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




For Geographic Divisions 


and the 


13 Cities ol more tha 


n 500.000 Population. 










(Only lho.e 


establishmen 


s with sales of r 


nore than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 | 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 


N„..., 




Opc.lmg „p,„,.s (mclud 


„g p.y , 


na ulcs 


i, t.labl. 


'"""" 


Nu.b., 


Net >•!» 


Op.,.,- 


Tot.1 


Ad.,„,.. 

Ir.l.ve 


Selling 


D.li..ry 


Iiou.c 


Occu- 


Other 






(.dd 000) 


lo >ale. 




( .dd 000 ;> 












p.ncj 








MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES ( con 


inued) 






FARM AND DAIRY MACHINERY AND 


























EQUIPMENT 


























West North Central 


115 


*37,472 


17.4 


51 


jf23,129 


17.1 


4.6 


4.6 


.7 


1.3 


1.5 


4.4 


23 


13.910 


16.3 


11 


10,981 


16.0 


3.7 


3.5 


1.1 


1.4 


1.1 


5.2 


Paoifio 


20 


6,743 


17.9 


15 


5,077 


18.0 


5.3 


5.7 


1.3 


1.3 


2.4 


2.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


21 


7,216 


20.1 


U 


3,795 


20.9 


6.2 


7.5 


.7 


1.7 


2.4 


2.4 


INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT AND 
SUPPLIES 


























Industrial lull line, 


























UNITED STATES TOTA^, 
Middle Atlantic 


1«. 


78.102 


18.9 


102 


54.122 


18,7 


5.6 


5.3 


1.1 


1.9 


2.1 


1.7 


26 


8,587 


21.6 


16 


6,329 


20.9 


7.1 


6.5 


1.5 


1.8 


2.6 


1.4 


Eaet North Central 


30 


19,241 


19.5 


20 


15,931 


19.2 


5.0 


6.8 


1.3 


2.3 


2.4 


1.4 


South Atlantic 


33 


13,585 


15.7 


23 


11,418 


15.5 


5.4 


4.9 


.8 


1.7 


1.5 


2.E 


West South Central 


22 


12,885 


19.6 


16 


9,332 


19.8 


5.5 


7.0 


1.0 


1.8 


2.4 


2.1 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


32 


25,284 


19.3 


24 


19,161 


19.5 


5.6 


6.7 


1.4 


2.1 


2.5 


1.3 


Belting, hose and packing 


























UNITED STATBS TOTAL 


40 


7,965 


25.0 


22 


4,223 


25.6 


11.9 


9.3 


.8 


1.2 


2.4 


1.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


24 


4,447 


25.5 


15 


2,531 


27.3 


11.7 


' 10.2 


•7 


1.1 


3.0 


.6 


Rope, cordage and twine 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL. 
Kiddle Atlantic 


31 


12.879 


10.8 


15 


7,462 


10.4 


3.7 


4.3 


.6 


.5 


.7 


.5 


16 


7,398 


10.8 


10 


5,637 


9,9 




3.9 


.6 


.4 


.6 


.5 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


26 


11,551 


11.1 


15 


7,462 


10.4 


3.7 


4.3 


.6 


.5 


■■' 


.6 


INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY 


























Construction .including 


























road building) 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


144 


48.748 


18.0 


47 


17.883 


17.3 


5,p 




.' 


...l._2 


1-6 


.1..9_ 


West North Central 


23 


8,124 


16.3 


11 


4,185 


15.5 


4.0 


7.0 


.5 


1.4 


1.7 


.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


33 


9,946 


24.7 


10 


4,510 


20.8 


6.7 


7.5 


.6 


1.2 


1.4 


3.4 


Machine tools 


























,UNITH) STATES TOTAL. 
East North Central 


28 


8,455 


16.6 


20 


6,636 


15.1 


5.4 


6.1 


.8 


1.0 


1.7 


1.1 


10 


3,907 


13.3 


10 


3,907 


13.3 


4.5 


5.0 


.7 


.9 


1.2 


1.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


17 


5,685 


16.0 


14 


5,242 


15.7 


5.4 


6.3 


.8 


1.0 


1.3 


.9 


Mining and quarrying 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


30 


9,350 


17,6 


12 


5,571 


17.9 


4.6 


5.8 


1.1 


2.0 


2.0 


2.4 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


9 


3,383 


19.2 


6 


2,835 


18.1 


4.5 


5.5 


1.2 


1.5 


2.0 


3.3 


Oil well and oil refining 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL, 
West South Centl-al 


359 


129.261 


9.9 


60 


25.503 




1.9 


2.6 


.6 


.8 


1.3 


1.0 


228 


82,251 


8.3 


36 


15,212 


9.6 


2.4 


2.9 


.5 


1.1 


1.4 


1.2 


TOTAL, 13 CITIJS 


19 


13,675 


17.0 


2 


-- 


-- 


-- 




-- 


-- 


-- 


-- 


(continued) 



























Vol. VI - Page 90 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 








FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF 


BUSINESS 




For 


Geographic Divisions 


and the 


13 Cities o( more than 500.000 Population 








I Only those 


estabhshmen 


s with s 


ales of more than $100,000 are mcluded. ) 








Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishments with sales 
of more than $100,000 


EstablishmenU analyzed | 


Numbct 


(.dd 000) 


Opc.lmg „p.„,„ (mclud.ng pay .oil) ol ,u 






Numh.r 


N=l .ales 
(.dd 000) 


Op=,al- 
irg ax- 

lo lalei 


Tol.l 


trallve 


S.ll.ng 


0.1... 


W.,c- 


pa^y 


Other 


MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES , continued i 








PROFESSIONAL EQUIPMENT 
AND SUPPLIES 


























Dental 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


76 


?16,303 


29.0 


36 


»8,108 


28.4 


9.0 


10.9 


1.3 


.7 


3,8 


2.7 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


30 


7,997 


27.9 


10 


3,355 


27.8 


7.5 


12.2 


1.3 


.9 


3,6 


2.3 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


























TOITED STATES TOTAL 


57 


20,172 


27.7 


24 


9,181 


32.5 


11.3 


14.0 


1.2 


1.8 


2,3 


1.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


34 


14,807 


27.5 


14 


6,872 


33.9 


12.1 


14.9 


1.2 


2.0 


2.0 


1.7 


SERVICE EQUIPMENT 
AND SUPPLIES 


























Barber and beauty parlor 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 

Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 


.93 






50 


11,001 


36.3 


11.8 


14.5 


2.2 


1.6 


3,6 


2.6 


17 


3|l85 


33.0 
32.7 


10 
11 


3^286 
1,835 


41.3 
34.0 


14.1 
11.1 


17.3 
10.0 


3.0 
1.9 


1.5 
2.2 


3.3 
5.5 


1.6 
3.3 


TOTAL, 13 OITISS 


48 


13,286 


33.4 


22 


6,040 


39.1 


13.3 


16.4 


2.3 


1,4 


3,8 


1.9 


Laundry 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


65 


18,549 


20.9 


19 


7,068 


18.8 


5.1 


8.0 


1.2 


2.2 


1.1 


1.2 


TOTAL, 13 CITIUS 


37 


11,528 


22.1 


10 


3,788 


19.2 


4.2 


9.0 


1.4 


2,7 


,9 


1.0 


Upholsterers' 


























UNITED STATED TOTAI, 

Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 


76 


20.459 


23.3 


45 


15.201 


25.6 


9.3 


8.5 


1.4 


1.2 


2.8 


2.4 


41 

19 


12,851 
4,790 


25.1 
22.2 


26 

13 


10.361 
3,712 


26.4 
24.9 


10.0 
8.7 


8.8 
8.4 


1.1 
1.9 


1.1 
1.3 


3.1 
1.9 


2.3 

2.7 


TOTAL. 13 CITIiB 
New York 


65 


18.371 


23.8 


40 


14.060 


26.0 


9.7 


8.1 


1.7 


1.1 


2,9 


2.5 


33 


11,248 


25.7 


22 


9,364 


27.4 


10.2 


9.4 


1.2 


1.0 


3,3 


2.3 


TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT 
AND SUPPLIES 


























Boats .including motor, sail 


























and steam) 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


14 


3,585 


19.5 


11 


2,283 


20.4 


7.9 


5.1 


1.6 


.8 


2.4 


2.6 


TOTAL. 13 CITIES 


10 


2.965 


19.0 


7 


1.662 


19.8 


8,7 


4.0 


.8 


.8 


2,5 


3.0. 






METALS AND METAL WORK (except scrap) 




IRON AND STEEL 
(EXCEPT STRUCTURAL, 


























New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Pacific 


175 


73.237 


18.9 


105 


40,911 


18.5 


6.4 


4.5 


1.8 


2.3 


2,3 


1.2 


14 
52 
54 
27 


5,229 
19,638 
29,425 
10,336 


22.7 
21.1 
15.3 
22.0 


10 
30 
34 
15 


3,582 
9,498 
17,543 
6,528 


21.1 
21.3 
14.8 
22.0 


7.6 
7,7 
5,1 
6.8 


4.5 
5.8 
3.4 
5.0 


1.6 
2.2 
1.1 
2.7 


3.3 
2.Q 
2.2 
2.6 


2.9 
2.2 
2.1 
2.9 


1.2 
1.4 
.9 
2.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 
New York 


104 


51.262 


17.9 


67 


29,513 


17.0 


6.3 


4.4 


1.3 


2.0 


1,9 




28 


9,980 


21.5 


21 


6,259 


23.0 


8.3 


6.3 


2.3 


2.2 


2.5 


1.4 


(continued) 















































Vol. VI - 


Page 91 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 




(Only those establishments with 


ales of 


nore than $100,000 a 


re included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


o( more than $100,000 




Establishr 


lent analyzed 








-- 


(.dd 000) 


Op.,. 


ing „p„ 


,'I..jt 


mg p.y ,oll ) ol .u 
p.,«n. to n.l ..1. 


■=>■ .•■•>.l..l'n,.n,. 


Number 


N.t ..l„ 
(.dd 000) 


Op.r.>- 
ing a- 


Toul 


ir.tiv. 


Sclli^j 


D.n«.o' 


hou.. 


P"W 


o..„ 






METALS AND METAL WORK (t 


xcept sc 


ap) (continued 








SIRUCrURAL IRON AND STEEL 


























DNITKD STATES TOTAL 


53 


$17,342 


20.1 


25 


$8,594 


21.8 


6.8 


4.5 


2.0 


4.1 


3.0 


1.4 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


19 


, 5,829 


21.1 


6 


2,034 


23.9 


5.7 


5.1 


2.9 


5.4 


2.3 


1.5 


WIRE, WIRE FENCE AND WIRE ROPE 


























DNITSD STATES TOTAL 


18 


4,884 


13.5 


12 


3,176 


12.4 


3.8 


3.7 


.4 


2.4 


1.3 


.8 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


« 


1,477 


18.0 


3 


892 


11.4 


4.8 


2.9 


.3 


1.5 


l.S 


.3 


SHEET METAL PRODUCTS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 

Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 


91 


35,887 


15.1 


47 


22.444 


15.3 


5.2 


3.5 


1.4 


2.6 


1.4 


1.1 


25 
34 


7,035 
17,384 


16.6 
15.4 


12 
24 


3,204 
14,587 


17.0 
14.6 


5.6 
5.1 


3.9 
3.4 


1.9 
1.4 


1.9 
2.7 


1.9 
1.1 


1.8 
.9 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


.. 44 


21^484 


13.9 


29 


16,049 


14.1 


5.0 


3.5 


1.4 


1.8 


1.2 


1.2 


PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS 




WRAPPING OR COARSE PAPER 
AND PRODUCTS 


























UNITED STATES TOTAL 


656 


250,368 


17.3 


440 


171.146 


17.2 


5.3 


6.0 


1.4 


1.6 


1.6 


1.3 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain 
Pacific 


71 
E24 
127 
63 
63 

27 
14 
45 


21,944 
R3,706 
62,375 
24,122 
20,109 
7,683 
8,404 
4,064 
17,961 


18.6 
16.9 
17.3 
17.6 
14.8 
17.4 
21.5 
16.9 
18.2 


50 
140 
86 
50 
36 
14 
19 
10 
35 


15,756 
50,893 
43,797 
18,893 
13,362 
4,645 
6,145 
2,327 
15,317 


18.8 
16.8 
15.8 
17.8 
14.6 
18.4 
20.7 
15.6 
18.2 


6.3 
5.2 
4.6 
5.4 
5.1 
5.5 
6.4 

6.3 


6.6 
5.3 
6.3 
6.6 

li 

6.0 


1.4 
1.8 
1.5 
1.0 
.8 
1.5 
1.4 

1.2 


1.4 
1.3 

2.1 
1.2 
1.3 
1.2 
1.5 
1.8 


1.8 
1.8 
1.4 
1.4 
1.6 
1.2 
2.1 
1.6 
1.7 


1.3 
1.4 
1.2 
1.3 
1.1 
1.8 
1.6 
1.7 
1.2 


TOTAL. 15 CITIES 

Boston 
Chicago 
Detroit 
Los Angeles 
New York 
Philadelphia 


296 


133.150 


16.6 


193 


87.994 


16.9 


5.1 


5.6 


1.7 


1.6 


1.7 


1.2 


18 
35 
18 
11 

32 


7,466 
19,918 
11,360 

6,674 
49,818 
11,712 


18.6 
16.4 
18.2 
17.6 
14.8 
22.2 


12 
24 
10 
10 
81 
21 


4,815 
15,011 

5,850 

6,058 
29,901 

6,508 


20.3 
17.3 
14.3 
17.8 
15.9 
19.9 


6.9 
4.6 
4.4 
5.1 
5.1 
5.2 


7.e 

6.1 
5.5 
6.4 


1.4 
1.5 


1.7 
1.9 
1.4 

;:; 

2.0 


1.5 
1.5 
1.4 
1.7 
1.7 
1.9 


1.0 
1.1 

1.2 
1.3 
1.6 


FINE OR PRINTING AND WRITING 
PAPER 


























UNITED STATES TOTAI. 

Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 


125 


58,132 


17.6 


91 


47,168 


18.1 


5.4 


5.0 


1.5 


1.7 


1.8 


1.7 


50 
30 


22,917 
18,730 


18.6 
15.5 


37 
21 


19.252 
15,543 


18.6 
16.2 


5.9 
4.3 


5.9 
5.9 


1.5 
1.5 


1.6 
1.4 


1.3 


1.9 


New York 


76 


41.637 


17.3 


57 


35.003 


18.1 


5.4 


6.2 


1.4 


1.6 


1.7 


1.8 


30 


15,342 


17.9 


19 


11,978 


17.8 


6.4 


5.4 


1.2 


1.4 


1.8 


1.6 


STATIONERY AND STATIONERY 
SUPPLIES 
































21.8 


58 


16.506 


22.4 


7.3 


7.3 


1.7 


2.0 


2.4 


1.7 


Middle Atlantic 


54 


13,005 


19.4 


35 


7,667 


21.4 


8.3 


5.4 




1.7 


2.4 


1.2 




66 


16,475 


21.7 


41 


12,279 


22.8 


7.2 


7.5 


1.8 


2.0 


2.4 


1.8 


New York 


44 


10,916 


19.0 


27 


5,947 


21.2 


8.2 


6.7 


1.3 


1.8 


2.2 


1.0 


(continued) 



























Vol. VI - Page 92 



CENSUS OF BUSINESS 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 


TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 












FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED. BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 




(Only those eslablishmenU with 


ales of 


■nore than $100,000 are included.) 










Kind of Business 
and Area 


of more than $100,000 






Establishn 


lenU analyzed 








s„„., 




Oper.ling t.ptn 


,e..^ .. 


p.r«nl .0 n.l >.Je 


ch clabli 


K.„,. 


Number 


(.dd 000) 


Opi».l- 


T,., 


*t!vt 


Selli.m 


D.liv.„ 


houx 


Occu- 


ou,„ 




PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS (c 


nlinued ) 








WALL PAPER 


























rorrm) states total 

Middle Atlantic 


44 




31.0 


31 


$5,830- 


34.1 


9.0 


10.9 


2.9 


2.2 


4.3 


4.8 


14 


2,374 


37.4 


10 


1,630 


41.2 


9.6 


16.6 


3.3 


3.8 


5.9 


2.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIES 


26 


5.698 


28.8 


15 


3.117 


32.6 


9.2 


10.4 


2.8 


2.3 


3.9 


4.0 


PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS 






OMITED STATES TOTAL 

Middle Atlantic 
East NortH Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 


166 


111.318 


12.0 


97 


54.350 


14.2 


4.1 


4.3 


1.8 


1.1 


1.7 


1.3 


41 
42 
24 
16 


30,397 
34,065 
21,716 
7,394 


17.8 
7.1 
11.1 
15.1 


21 
29 
13 
11 


14,659 
14,118 
14,856 
5,184 


17.6 
10.2 
12.9 
14,9 


5.1 
2.5 
4.0 
5.3 


5.1 
3.B 
4.1 
2.8 


2.5 
1.3 
1.5 
1.3 


1.1 
.9 

1.4 
.4 


E.9 

1.4 
1.0 
1.1 


.9 

.9 

.9 

4.0 


TOTAL, 13 CITIK 


48 


29.674 


12.8 


26 


17,133 


13.7 


3.8 


4.6 


1.7 


1.3 


1.3 


1.0. 








PLU 


MBING 


\ND HEATING EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 








PLUMBING AND HEATING 
(Ml line) 


























New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
Pacific 


353 


110. 9E6 


18.6 


206 


64,218 


18.7 


6.0 


4.6 


1.2 


2.0 


2.4 


2.5 


32 
138 
66 
26 
47 
22 


7,238 
39,410 
20,171 
10,804 
16,129 

6.715 


21.7 
18.9 

19^1 
15.7 
19.6 


21 
81 
33 
20 
24 
17 


4,729 
23,107 
8,610 
9,142 
7,804 
5,824 


18!7 
21.0 
18.4 
15.4 
19.9 


7.6 
6.2 
6.9 
5.7 
5.0 
6.5 


4.3 
3.9 
5.1 
5.6 
3.3 
5.8 


2.0 
1.5 
1.0 

.7 
1.0 

.9 


2.8 

i.l 

2.0 
1.4 
2.8 


2.8 
2.7 
2.7 
1.9 
2.1 
2.1 


2.5 
2.4 

3.5 
2.5 
2.6 
1.8 




96 


34.864 


18.7 


55 


18.934 


18.4 


6.3 


3.9 


1.4 


2.5 


2.5 


1.8 


New York 


41 


14,428 


15.6 


25 


9,813 


15.0 


5.9 


2.6 


1.3 


2.0 


2.0 


1.2 


HEATING (including stoves 
and ranges) 


























Middle Atlantic 


65 


19.038 


21.8 


38 


9.958 




6.9 


5.8 


1.6 


2.3 


5.3 


2.0 


24 


6,317 


21.2 


17 


4.064 


21.6 


6.5 


4.9 


1.7 


E.5 


3.0 


3.0 


New York 










7.798 


22.0 


6.6 


5.9 










11 


3,890 


22.6 


10 


3,070 


23.0 


7.0 


5.3 


1.7 


2.9 


3.1 


3.0 


PLUMBING FIXTURES, 
EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 




























255 


63.063 


19.0 


145 


38.247 


19.9 


6.5 


4.8 


1.6 






2.5 


New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West South Central 
Pacific 


24 

88 
59 
19 
27 


20 [476 

31674 
7,309 


21.3 
19.9 
19.7 
18.2 
17.0 


19 
40 
39 
13 
20 


6,201 
9,782 
10,076 
2,179 


21.7 
22.5 
21.0 
18.2 
16.9 


5.7 
7.7 

7.7 
5.3 
5.4 


3.6 
4.9 
5.7 
3.9 
5.1 


3.0 
1.7 
1.3 

1.6 
.7 


1.3 
3,3 
2.5 
1.6 
2.2 


2.7 
2.5 
2.1 
2.0 
2.0 


5.4 
2.4 

1.5 


Chicago 
New York 


118 


31.319 


19.8 


57 


16.082 


22.2 


7.7 


5.4 




3.0 




2.1 


15 
45 


3,206 
10,947 


19.7 
21.0 


10 
18 


2,048 
4,722 


21.9 
26.6 


8.9 


6.3 

6.1 


1.4 

1.9 


2.0 
3.7 


1.5 
2.7 


8.5 

3.3 



10 otftblUhmen 























Vo 


VI - 


Page 93 


CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Division, and lh= 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 
(Only Ihoie e»tabIishmenU with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 


Kind of Business 
and Area 


of more than $100,000 


Establishments analyzed | 


..... 


(.dd 000) 




Number 


Net ulo 
(.dd 000) 


Op.,.l- 


T„u, 


tiativc 


Sellin, 


D.liv.r, 


hlr« 


Occu- 
puicy 


Olhei 


TOBACCO AND ITS PRODUCTS (except leaf) 


UHITBD STATE TOTAL 

New England 
laddls Atlantic 
Bast Nortli Central 
West North Central 
South Atlantic 
Bast SoutH Central 
West South Central 
Jfcuntain 
Pacific 

Boston 

Cliica«o 

Olevaland 

Detroit 

Los Angelas 

New York 

Philadelphia 


1.274 


t717.927 


5.4 


740 










.5 


.5 






120 
346 
310 
96 
131 
41 
77 
44 
109 


63,624 
216,939 
167,109 
45,454 
74,017 
17,188 
32.835 
13,325 
87,436 


4.9 
4.7 
5.0 
5.3 
6.5 
5.7 
4.8 
7.6 
7.6 


75 
190 
178 

54 

24 

40 
21 
76 


51,041 
142,512 
121,708 
32,911 
55,585 
10,940 
19,491 
8,816 
47,240 


4.9 
4.7 
5.1 
5.7 
6.1 
5.0 
5.6 
7.2 
5.2 


1.2 

1.4 
1.5 
1.6 
1.9 
1.6 
1.7 
2.2 
1.3 


1.6 

1.5 
1.6 
2.1 
1.8 
1.9 
1.8 
2.3 
1.5 


.4 

.5 
.5 
.5 
.6 

.5 
.5 
.6 
.6 




.5 
.5 
.5 
.5 
.5 
.6 
.5 
.7 
.6 


.6 
.4 
.6 
.6 
.6 
.9 
.8 
.9 
.7 


17 
38 
13 
35 
17 
97 
30 


16,534 
34,962 
12,952 
21,434 
10,804 
93,913 
23.015 


3.9 
4.1 
5.9 
3.5 
5.0 
4.1 
4.3 


12 
25 
U 
11 
11 
46 
21 


13,937 
28,424 
12,670 
13,345 
9,333 
62,347 
16.906 


4.1 
3.9 
5.9 
4.3 
5.0 
4.3 
3.8 


.7 

1.2 
1,8 
1.1 
1.0 
1.3 
1.6 


1.4 
1.1 

1.9 
1.2 

1.4 
1.5 
1.1 


.5 
.5 
.8 
.4 
.6 
.5 
.4 




.5 
.2 
.3 
.4 

.6 
.4 
.5 


.6 
.5 
.7 
.8 
.9 
.2 


WASTE MATERIALS 


IRON AND STEEL SCRAP 

miTBD OTAIBS TOTAL 

Middle Atlantic 
Bast North Central 
South Atlantic 

TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

JUNK AND SCRAP (hill line) 

DNITED OTATgS TOTAL 

IftdiLB Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
Pacific 

TOTAL, 13 CITIKS 

WASTE PAPER. RAGS AND RUBBER 

HHITgD STA3B3 TOTAL 

NewBngland 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 

TOTAL, 13 CmK, 

Boston 
Chiea«o 
New York 
Philadelphia 


249 


139.220 


10.7 


102 




13.6 


3.6 


1.6 


3.3 


2.4 


1.9 


.8 


54 
95 
25 

193 


40,093 
66,733 
6,511 

58.035 
53.030 


8.3 
10.4 
15.0 

8.7 
14.7 


19 
43 
13 

38 
107 


10,189 
25,891 
3,666 

17,426 
31.258 


13.8 
12.1 
15.2 

10.9 
14.4 


3.2 
3.9 
3.0 

3.3 
3.7 


2.0 
1.4 
1.8 

1.4 
1.4 


3.6 
3.3 
2.8 

2.2 

2.8 


1.4 
1.7 
3.7 

1.9 

3.0 


2.4 
1.3 
3.1 

1.5 
2.3 


1.2 
.5 
.8 

.6 
1.2 


44 
57 
26 
25 

39 
267 


9,629 
15,955 
6,994 
8,414 

13,266 
100.478 


16.1 
14.8 
12.7 
16.7 

13.3 
15.3 


26 
32 
13 

13 

23 
144 


5,449 
9,554 
3,653 
4,955 

7,743 


14.4 
13.9 
12.1 
16.5 

11.2 
15.9 


3.6 
3.7 

1.9 
4.0 

2.8 
4.3 


2.1 

1.4 
.9 
1.0 

1.1 


2.6 
2.5 
3.4 
1.7 

1.6 


2.6 
2.7 
2.1 
5.7 

2.9 

3.5 


1.9 
2.4 
3.2 
2.9 

2.4 
2.0 


1.6 
1.1 
.6 
1.2 

.4 


52 
110 
52 

162 


22,935 
38,100 
18,237 

69.088 


11.6 
16.0 
18.8 

15.2 


32 
58 
31 

91 


12,725 
25,191 
13,083 

44.217 


13.6 
15.3 
16.8 

15.1 


3.5 
4.1 
4.2 


2.3 
2.3 

1.5 


2.2 
3.5 
3.2 


2.7 
2.8 
4.5 


2.1 


.7 
1.1 
1.4 


15 
18 
68 
19 


10,932 
8,862 

27,196 
6,115 


9,8 
18.1 
15.7 
13.3 


10 
12 
36 
10 


6,218 
6,232 
18,119 
4,047 


14.5 
15.0 
15.1 
9.8 


4.0 
3.6 
4.4 

2.7 


2.9 
1.2 
2.6 
.8 


2.2 

2.0 
3.7 
2.5 


1.8 
4.4 

2.2 

1.9 


3.0 
2.0 
1.4 
1.0 


.7 

1.8 
.8 
.9 



Vol. VI - Page 94 




























CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

WHOI FSALE DISTRIBUTION: 1935 TABLE 5-ANALYSIS OF OPERATING EXPENSES 

FOR WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTORS COMBINED, BY DETAILED KINDS OF BUSINESS 
For Geographic Divisions and the 13 Cities of more than 500,000 Population. 
(Only tho»e establishments with sales of more than $100,000 are included.) 




Kind of Business 
and Area 


All establishmenU with sales 
ol more than $100,000 


E>t.bli.hmento analyzed 




..... 




Op«.,m8 „pc„.„ (Including p.y ™ll ) ol such c.,.bl,.hmcnu 




Numbe, 




Optr.l- 
percent 




To.., 


Admini^ 


S.llin, 


Deli,..y 


Wai«- 


0«u. 


Othc, 




ALL OTHER PRODUCTS 






BOOKS, PERIODICALS AND 
NEWSPAPERS 

DNITED STiiTES TOTAL 


215 


488.305 


19.0 


68 


t20.586 


21.6 


7.1 


7.3 




1.8 


1.7 


1.0 




laddle Atlantic 
East North Central 

TOTAL, 13 CITIBS 


71 
41 

75 


41,259 
15,509 


19.7 

20.5 


28 
18 

30 


8,911 
5,465 


22.6 
24.6 

26.7 


6.8 
9.0 

8.9 


8.6 
6.9 

9.5 


2.3 

4.3 

3.1 


2.0 

2.0 

2.3 


1.5 
1.4 

1.5 


1.4 
1.0 

1.4 




New York 

FLOWERS AND NURSERY STOCK 
UNITED STATES TOTAL 


29 

77 


22,761 


21.6 
19.3 


14 


5,737 


27.7 


8.4 


11.3 
5.7 


1.7 


2.7 


1.7 
2.7 


1.9 
1.8 




Middle Atlantic 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 
lOREST PRODUCTS ; except lumber, 


48 
77 


6,873 
10,709 

26.401 


19.3 
18.7 

14 P 


14 
30 


3,143 
6,480 


18.6 
18.6 


6.2 

6.3 


5.2 

5.8 


1.5 
1.4 


.7 
.6 


S.6 
2.4 


2.4 

2.1 

.9 




Pacific 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

LE.^THER AND LEATHER GOODS 
UNITED STATES TOTAL 


21 
31 

227 


4,921 
16,363 

73.012 


11.5 
13.8 

11.9 


13 
14 

127 


2,910 
10,550 

44.122 


10.6 
11.9 

12.3 


1.2 

5.7 

4.1 


2.2 

.9 

3.7 


.8 

3.0 

.9 


2.2 

.6 

.9 


2.5 

1.1 

1.6 


1.7 
.6 

1.1 




New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
Vfest North Central 
Pacific 

TOTAL, 13 CITTK5 


47 
71 
41 

14 

138 


29,539 
16,823 
9,723 
6,151 
2,622 

52,665 


7.7 
12.3 
13.5 
17.5 
18.1 

9.5 


30 
35 
21 
14 
U 

77 


20,747 
11,523 
4,717 
2,539 
2,092 

33,705 


7,8 
13.6 
16.8 
19.1 
19.7 

10.1 


2.4 

4.8 
5.4 
6.7 
5.7 

3.5 


2.5 
3.1 
6.2 
6.3 
5.8 

2.8 


.7 
.9 

1.4 
.9 

1.7 

.7 


.7 
.9 
.8 
1.4 
2.2 

.7 


.8 
2.7 
1.5 
2.2 
2.2 

1.4 


.7 
1.2 
1.5 
1.6 
2.1 

1.0 




Boston 
New York 

OILS AND GREASES animal and 
vegetable 

UNITSD STATES TOTAL 

TOTAL, 13 CITIBS 

TEXTILES AND MATERIALS OTHER 
THAN DRY GOODS 

UNITED STATES TOTAL 


36 
45 

31 
74 


26,715 
10,543 

25,528 
23,891 

24,551 


7.1 
10.3 

9.0 
9.0 

15,2 


24 

18 

11 
11 

39 


18,809 
5,228 

6,760 
6,760 

13,213 


7.2 
10.4 

9,0 
9.0 

17.9 


2.3 

4.3 

3.5 
3.5 

6.9 


2.2 

2.3 

1.7 
1.7 

4.4 


.5 

1.3 
1.3 

1.8 


.7 
.4 

1.1 
1.1 

1.5 


.8 
1.2 

1.1 

1.1 

2.2 


1.4 
.3 

1.1 




Kiddle Atlantic 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 

YARNS 
UNITED STATES TOTAL 


24 
48 

62 


9,547 
18,542 

34,055 


14.5 
14.9 

8.0 


12 
26 

33 


6,078 
9,918 

22,381 


17.8 
18.6 

8.0 


8.7 
7.5 

3.3 


4.4 
4.3 

2.0 


1.7 
2.0 


.6 
1.2 

.3 


1.3 
2.3 

1.2 


1.1 
1.3 

.8 




Middle Atlantic 
TOTAL, 13 CITIES 
New York 


49 

53 


25,796 
31.245 


8.1 
7.6 


28 


16,140 
20.190 


8.4 
7.6 


3.8 
2.9 


2.2 

2.0 


.4 
•4 


.3 

.3 


1.6 
1.3 


.7 

.7 




43 


22,262 


7.4 


22 


13,161 


7.2 


2.8 


2.4 


.3 


.3 


.7 


.7 


! 



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