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Full text of "Centennial celebration at Danvers, Mass., June 16, 1852"

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""V';?'.V-^T DANYEES, MASS. 









,-, (•• ' ■ JUNE 16, 1852 



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"Lives there a man with soul so dead, 

Who nevei- to liimself hath said, 

This is my own, my nathe land?" 

Scott. 



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ADDRESS, 

BY JO H N W. PROCTOR 



Welcome, friends of Danvers, to the land of your hirth, and 
of your choice ! 

It gladdens the heart to meet so many cheerful countenances 
on this One Hundredth Anniversary of the independent munici- 
pal existence of our town, 

In behalf of my fellow-citizens, 1 bid you all a hearty wel- 
come here. Your presence gives assurance that we have not 
mistaken your sympathies with the occasion of our meeting. 

Why these thronging crowds in every avenue of the town ? 

Why has the farmer left his plough, — the tanner his vat,— 
the currier his beam, — ^the trader his s/iop,— the shoemaker his 
bench, and every one his employment ? 

Why this gathering of thousands of children, — the future 
men and women, to govern and adorn, — and the interest that 
beams in every expression of their animated countenances ? 

Why have our friends from the North, the South, the East, 
and the West, favored us with their presence ? 

Is it not to bring to mind the virtues, the toils, the sufferings 
of our fathers ? 

"It is a privilege to learn what shall be from what Has been, — 
to turn experience into prophecy, — -to view in the m^irror of the 
past, the vision of the future. ^^ 

The settlement of Salem, early known as Naumkeag, was 
begun by Roger Conant and others, in 1626, and much in- 
creased, in 1628, by the arrival of John Endicott and others, 
all emigrants from England. 
1 a 



It llicii iiicludt'd Salem, Daiivcrs, Beverly, Marblehead, Wen- 
ham, and parts of Topsfield, Manchester, Lynn, and Middleton, 
bounding northerly by Agawam, southerly by Saugus, westerly 
by Andovor, easterly by the Atlantic ocean. Then Saugus, 
Salem, (lloucester. Agawam, and Newbury, extended all along 
the coast of Essex to the Merrimack : and Andover was the 
only interior town south of that river. 

Whoever would do justice to the topics brought to mind by 
the occasion, should trace the origin of each of the towns that 
have sprung from Old Naumkeag. Time will not now admit 
of this. My purpose is, to pass over the first century of Naum- 
keag, excepting as to the part included in the act of the Legis- 
lature, passed "Anno Regni Regis Georgii secundi, &c., vices- 
simor quinto," — or, in plain English, the 25th year of George 
the 2d, our then Roijal Master, — or Anno Domini, 1752. By 
this, Danvcrs was set off from Salem, as a distinct municipal 
district, with all the privileges of a town, except that of choos- 
ing representatives to the General Court, which restrictive con- 
dition was taken off by an act passed June 16th, 1757. Upon 
a view of these acts, the town determined to date their inde- 
pendent corporate existence in the year 1752, — which determi- 
nation we take to be conclusive of the matter. 

Our then Royal Master did I say ? By the grace of God, 
and the pleasure of the King, then came all our privileges. I 
know that the generations which have since arisen have but an 
imperfect idea of this obligation to the king, but a grievance it 
was, and so our fathers felt it to be. 

What do we most desire ? Is it not independence ? In the 
language of the most gifted mind* of the age, (I say it with 
emphasis on this 16th day of June, A. D. 1852,) when the 
aspirations of millions are turned towards him with anxious 
solicitude, " Hail, Independence ! Hail, that best gift of God 
to man, saving life and an immortal spirit !" That Indepen- 
dence, which gave us 

" A Church without a bishop, 
A State without a king." 

» Daniel Webster, the farmer of Marshfield, Mass. 



NAME OF DANVERS. 

Whence came the name of Danvers ? why applied to this 
territory ? are inquiries often made, but never, to my knowledge, 
quite satisfactorily answered. 

For years before the separation, the name Danvers was occa- 
sionally applied to the middle precinct of Salem. Among the 
settlers, prior to the separation, were several by the name of 
Osborne, — a name connected, by marriage, with the Dmivers 
family in England. Earl Danvers was one of the regicides, 
the fifth who signed the death-warrant of Charles. Sir Henry 
Danvers, the last of this family, died in 1643, a man of wealth, 
as is to be presumed from his liberal donation of £5000 and 
more for the advancement of learning in the University of Ox- 
ford. It is highly probable, the name of the town was derived 
from this family. This name has one merit, — it is not found 
anywhere else. Mr. Felt, the careful annalist of Salem, thinks 
the name was suggested by Lieut. Gov. Phipps, from gratitude 
to one of his patrons, and refers to a letter that so states the 
fact. It may have been so. But if the people of Danvers were 
then so obedient as to adopt a name because a Governor sug- 
gested it, it is a characteristic that has not remained one of 
their distinguishing qualifications. Few towns have been less 
disposed to follow the lead of any master. This example was 
early set by their file leader. Gov. Endicott. 

If the noble Earl, for whom the name was probably given, 
had anticipated the perpetuity to accrue to his name in this 
humble district of these Western Wilds, and the present wants 
of its High Schools, now sheltered only in hired tenements of 
cast-off chapels, he would, without doubt, have contributed of 
his abundance to the relief of their necessities. 

This era of separation has not been chosen for celebration 
because of the severance. Though severed in name, we have 
ever been united in spirit ; and though our good old mother, 
Salem, nursed us at her bosom all of one century, she has not 
failed to feed us with pap of various kinds, ever since. Some- 
times we have given her sauce in return, but oftener the sub- 
stantials of life. 



Notwithstanding our fathers thought many inconveniences 
would be remedied, and many advantages gained, by being a 
distinct town, as appears by their petition to the General Court, 
it must be apparent to every reflecting mind that the balance of 
benefits, consequent upon separation, was against us. True, 
being a distinct corporation created a few municipal offices, for 
the gratification of ambitious aspirants ; but generally speaking, 
a review of the lives of such office holders will show, that those 
who have least, fare best ; and those who strive to do most, 
instead of receiving benedictions, are usually loaded with the 
.opposite. 

'The petitioners were a scattered population of about 200 
families, containing from twelve to fourteen hundred persons, 
chiefly occupied in the cultivation of the land. Those from 
whom they sought to be separated, were mariners, traders, and 
merchants, densely located, with interests, in some measure, 
clashing with those on the borders. The busy hum of mechan- 
ical and manufacturing industry had then scarcely begun to be 
heard in the village of Brooksby, as the region hereabout was 
then called, where the brooks from the hills united with the 
waters of the ocean. 

At first, towns assumed to own all the lands within their 
limits not specifically granted. Grants were made, by the 
colonial authority, or by towns through the agency of seven 
men, or selectmen, according to the standing of the grantees, or 
services rendered, — as seats in the church were assigned, first 
to the Captain, then to the Lieutenant, not omitting the En~ 
Hgn, and the Corporal. Thus the records speak of 

Captain Samuel Gardner, 

Lieutenant Thomas Putnam, 

Ensign Cornelius Tarbell, 

Corporal Samuel Twist, 

Deacon Malachi Felton, 

Daniel Eppes, Esquire, 
arranged in the order of the consequence of the titles they sev- 
erally mounted. 

These are referred to as illustrations of the style of the times, 



— as our kind friends from the school districts have shown us 
cocked hats, hooped petticoats, and high-heeled shoes, as illustra- 
tions of dress in times gone by.* 

It was of little consequence what the title was, as Corporal 
Twist said, on his return home after his election, ''if it had the 
ril to it, — so that when the bell tolled at his funeral it could be 
said, Corporal Ticist is dead.'''' 

Who will presume to say, that, in the term Corporal, there is 
not as much body, aye soul to, as in that of Genei^al 7 

" Worth makes the man, the want of it the fellow.^'' 

But three instances of colonial grants are known to have been 
made on our territory, viz. : — 1. To John Endicott, in 1632 
and 1636 ; 2. To Samuel Shelton, in 1634 ; 3. To John 
Humphrey, in 1635. 

The grant to Endicott is thus described. " A neck of land 
lying about three myles from Salem, called in the Indian tongue, 
Wahquameschock,^^ situate between the inlets of the sea, now 
known as Waters River on the south, and Crane River on the 
north, bounding "westerly by the maine land." Such was the 
precision of early grants. 

* My recollections of the " Jlge of Homespun" impresses my mind strongly 
with the propriety of the following passage in a Centennial discourse by Dr. 
Bushnell, at Litchfield, Conn., in August last: — " The spinning-wheels of wool 
and flax, that used to buzz so familiarly in the childish ears of some of us, will 
be heard no more forever, — seen no more, in fact, save in the halls of the anti- 
quarian society, where the delicate daughters will be asking what these strange 
machines are, and how they are made to go ? The huge hewn-timber looms, 
that used to occupy a room by themselves in the fa"mhouses, will be gone, 
cut up for cord wood perhaps, and their heavy thwack, beating up the woof, 
will be heard no more by the passer-by. The long strips of linen bleaching 
on the grass, and tended by a rosy-cheeked maiden sprinkling them each hour 
from her water can, under a burning sun, thus to prepare linen for her own 
or her brother's marriage outfit, will have disappeared, save as they return to 
fill a picture in some novel or ballad of the old time." Who will presume to 
say, that, in these labors of our mothers, will not be found the hidden power 
that gave firmness to the muscles and vigor to the constitutions of their de- 
scendants ? I would give more for the lessons learned on orie spinning-wheel, 
or over one milk pail, than those acquired on ten piano fortes. I have often 
thought that girls would profit more by learning to jump over fences or clamber 
ledges, than by dancing polkas, or practising other fashionable amusements, — 
many of which are better calculated to excite the passions, than to improve the 
health of body or mind. There is much propriety in the admonition, " Lead us 
not into temptation." 



8 

On a beautiful eminence be'tween these livers, Captain E., 
who, as acting governor, was chief magistrate of the colony- 
previous to the arrival of Winthrop in 1630, established his 
residence. The selection of this site speaks favorably of the 
judgment of the man. It would be difficult to find one more 
eligible. For two hundred years at least it remained in the 
Endicott family ; and when the ability of many of those, who 
still bear the name, is considered, it is matter of surprise that 
they should have suffered it to pass from the family. How can 
a man better do honor to himself, than by venerating his ances- 
tors who were worthy of it ? I know, our republican notions 
cut across the doctrine of entailments ; but still, there is some- 
thing impressive in the contemplation of those venerable 
abodes, in our fatherland, that have remained in the same 
family for centuries. The fortunate possessor, thus advised of 
what his fathers have done, is prompted to endeavor to " go 
and do likewise." 

From this position, before roads were laid or bridges con- 
structed, the Governor was accustomed to go, in his own 
shallop, to and from the seat of government at Boston, while 
engaged in the government of the colony, either as chief magis- 
trate or as one of the assistants. 

On this orchard farm (so it was called) in front of the man- 
sion about sixty rods, now stands the celebrated Endicott pea?' 
tree, celebrated not so much for the fruit it bears, as for the 
time it has borne it. It is probably the oldest cultivated fruit- 
bearing tree in New England, — itself brought from Old Eng- 
land, — thereby constituting a direct connecting link with the 
mother country. The fruit is called B071 Chretien, — whether 
so called from its own merits, or the merits of its owner, I am 
not advised. It is of mediimi size and fail* quality, but not 
quite equal to the Seckel. In 1850, the tree bore one and a 
half bushels of fruit, as I myself witnessed, and new shoots 
grew upon it, more than six inches in length. One thing is 
made certain by this tree, viz., that a pear tree will last two 
hundred years, — how much longer may be told at the next 
Centennial. 



On this same Endicott grant, now stands the Parris house (so 
called) from which sprung other fruits^ not quite as worthy the 
name of good Christian as the Endicott pear. 

The grant made to Rev. Samuel Skelton, — the spiritual father 
of Endicott, and associate pastor with Higginson, at the First 
Church in Salem, — was situate between Crane and Porter's 
Rivers, bounding westerly, also, by the "maine land." So at 
first, these grants to the Captain and the Parson gave them 
a presumptive title to all the town northerly of Waters River. 
This section between Crane and Porter's Rivers was long 
known as Skelton's Neck ; — then as New Mills ; — and recently 
as Danvers-port. 

The natural advantages of this part of the town are second 
to none other. Free communication with the ocean by water,, 
and with the interior by railroads, its facilities for business are 
first rate. It only needs energy and capital to go ahead. 

In 1635, a grant was made by the colonial authority to John 
Humphrey, in the westerly part of the town, — whence came 
the name of Humphrey's Pond, situate on the line between 
Danvers and Lynnfield ; a beautiful sheet of water, containing 
165 acres, about 100 feet above tide water; — in the midst of 
which is an island of five acres, on which the first settlers had a 
fortification as a retreat from the Indians. The recent location 
of a railroad from Salem to Boston, by this pond, has probably 
laid the foundation of a thrifty village in this vicinity, — as soon 
as the lands shall pass from the hands of visionary speculators 
to the control of men of sound, practical common sense. 

December 31, 1638. "Agreed and voted, that there should 
be a village granted to Mr. Phillips and his company, upon such 
conditions as the seven men appointed for the tovv^i affaii'es 
should agree on." Hence the origin of Salem Village. This 
Mr. Phillips was a clergyman. He did not long abide in the 
place. He removed to Dedham, and thence to England, in 
1642. Probably Putnam, Hutchinson, Goodale, Flint, Need- 
ham, Bnxton, Swinnerton, Andrews, Fuller, Walcott, Pope, 

* See the story of the Salem Witchcraft, that follows. 

2 h 



10 

Rea, Osborn, Felton, and others, were of the associates in the 
settlement of the village. Their business was farming. Labor 
in the field for sis days of the week, and going to meeting on 
the scvoifh, was their chief employment. Companions of 
Endicott, the puritan principles they imbibed, even to the third 
and fourth generations, bound them to their meeting. He that 
cut the cross from the Jlag-, would not allow his attendants to 
sail under any other banner than such as he chose to hoist, or 
any deviation in their voyage. He was one of those lovers of 
liberty who was not unwilling to engross the largest share of it 
himself Sure that he was right, he felt it to be his duty to 
see that others acted according to his notions of right. He 
Avas indulgent to those who were obedient. 

One of the grievances alleged by the petitioners, as a reason 
for separation, was, that their children could not conveniently 
attend school. This was indeed a grievance. Situate four, 
jive, and six miles from the school, how could they attend ? 
Early taught by Endicott himself the value of these institutions, 
it is not surprising, when they found the superior advantages 
enjoyed by the children of their fellow townsmen, in part at 
their expense, that complaint should have been made. 

Be it remembered, the first free school in the land, if not in 
the iDorld, ivas established at Salcf?i. The language of the 
selectmen's order, by which this was done, is worthy to be 
inscribed on the same tablet with the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. It reads thus : — 

" Sept., 1641. Ordered, that a note be published on next 
Lecture-day, that such as have children to be kept at schoole, 
would bring in their names, and what they will give for one 
whole year ; and also that if anie poor bodie hath children, or 
a childe, to be put to schoole, and is not able to pay for their 
schooling, that the toicne ivill pay it by a rate.'''' 

Here is the seed whence sprung the free schools of Massa- 
chusetts. It contains the germ of freedom itself. Here it was 
planted, on the orchard farm of the Governor, under his own 
care, as Governor of the Colony, and Chairman of the Select- 
men of Salem. Governors in those days were well employed 



11 

in looking after the fruits of the field and the children of the 
household ; — the oozings of the still did not then trouble them* 

In 1634, one of the earliest grjftits was made to John Putnam 
and his three sons, Thomas, John, and Nathaniel. They came 
from Buckinghamshire, England, settled, cultivated, and peopled 
it. This was situate in the Village Parish, westerly of the 
grants to Skelton and Porter ; probably along the line of what 
is now known as Whipple's Brook, extending from Judge 
Putnam's Mill to the house of Daniel Putnam, — famous as the 
birth-place of Gen. Israel Putnam, who made his mark on 
Bunker's Heights, at Charlestown, June 17th, 1775, witnessed 
by Warren, and many others, and sealed with their blood ; — he 
who nobly exclaimed, " My sons, scorn to be slaves ! " 

No name is more prominent in the annals of the town than 
that of Putnam. Although hundreds have gone out in all 
directions, still, from the beginning, there has been more of this 
name than any other. By the kindness of Col. Perley Putnam, 
— who has taken unwearied pains to ascertain the facts, — I am 
informed that he has the particulars of between five and six 
hundred families of the name ; many of whom had from te7i to 
seventeen children, — amounting in all to 3500 descendants of 
John, in 220 years, an increase worthy of the highest com- 
mendation of Adam Smith, who considers numbers the first of 
all national improvements. If all the settlers had done as well, 
both in quantity and quality, there would have been no occa- 
sion for further importations. I should be glad to notice the 
worthy, particularly ; but if all should be thus noticed, the 
world would scarcely contain the books that would be written. 
I am happy to see so many present, of age and ability, to speak 
for themselves ; and from them I hope to hear an account more 
full than is in my power to give. 

Another grant, purporting to be 500 acres, (covering, at least, 

* In Felt's Annals, (Vol. I., p. 253,) it is stated that William Trask ex- 
changed with Governor Endicott 250 acres of land for 500 apple trees, from 
his nursery ; — a pretty good bargain, if trees grew then as readily as now. It 
is highly probable that the space between the mansion of the Governor, and 
the bank of the river, in front, was used for the growing of a nursery. I am 
well assured of this fact by S. P. Fowler, Esq., an intelligent cultivator of 
fruit, residing on Skelton's Neck. 



12 

700,) was made in 1635, to Emanuel, a descendant of Sir 
George Downing, and known as the Downing Estate, (on 
which it was my lot to be born;) This extended southwesterly, 
from the head of Waters River, to what is now known as 
Proctor's Brook ; and in 1701, passed by deed from Charles 
Downing to Benjamin and Thorndike Proctor, sons of John, 
(of 1692 notoriety.) This included the tract of tillage land, 
in times past known as Hog-hill, but recently chvistened Mount 
Pleasant, — and with great propriety, if fertility of soil and 
beauty of prospect are considerations worthy of this appellation. 

Another grant, of 300 acres, southerly of this, was made 
to Robert Cole, — extending from Gardener's Bridge to the 
Downing Estate, — which passed through Jacob Reed to Daniel 
Eppes, Esq. On this tract sprung the celebrated Eppes Sioeet- 
ing, better kno^vn as the Danvers Whiter Siceet : a variety of 
apple more extensively cultivated than any which has originated 
in Massachusetts, — excepting the Baldwin and the Hubbardston 
Nonsuch. This tree stood on land now belonging to the Hon. 
Richard S. Rogers. The original stump is now distinctly to 
be seen, with a sprout from it ten inches in diameter, yielding 
the genuine apple ; clearly indicating the fruit to be natural, — 
not grafted. The tree is thrifty and hardy, the fruit excellent ; 
as all lovers of apples and milk will cheerfully testify. 

It would be easy to enumerate many other grants of land 
to individuals, all of which would be interesting to those of the 
same name, or to those claiming under them ; but my limits 
will not admit of anything more than a specimen of the manner 
of doing the business in olden time. 

WITCHCRAFT DELUSION. 

The events of the year 1692, commonly spoken of as Salem 
Witchcraft, made an impression so deep on this community, 
that they cannot with propriety be overlooked, in any complete 
notice of the town. More than twenty citizens, some of the 
first respectability, were, in the course of a few months, ar- 
raigned charged with capital offences. Half this number suf- 
fered the severest penalty of the law. For this precinct, con- 



13 

taining at that time probably not more than five hundred souls, 
to be thus decimated in a few months, was a calamity tremen- 
dously awful. Now-a-days, when one man* is arraigned, tried 
and executed, for good cause, (if there ever can be a good cause 
for execution,) the whole state, as well as states adjoining, are 
agitated to their centre. What could have induced the apathy 
that endured such things then, it is impossible to conceive. 

This mortal mania is said to have originated with children, 
under twelve years of age, in the family of the Rev. Samuel 
Parris, of Salem Village. A part of the identical building in 
which Mr. Parris then lived, it is said, now remains, situate 
on the easterly side of the Ipswich road, about twenty rods 
northerly of the Collins house. It then was a part of the par- 
sonage, standing a few rods northwesterly of the village church. 
It should ever remain a monument with this inscription, ^'■Ohsta 
principiis.'''' 

Although this delusion may have begun with children, it was 
not the work of children alone. It is chargeable upon those of 
an older growth, — upon those whose station in society demand- 
ed from them better things, — clergymen and magistrates. I am 
sensible that I speak plainly of those in authority ; but nothing 
less plain will meet the case. I use the words of "truth and 
soberness." 

When these extravagances in the children were first noticed, 
the Doctor was consulted, and gave his opinion ^'■that they 
were under an evil hand.''' "This," says Cotton Mather, 
"the neighbors took up and concluded they were hewitchedy 
Whether he was a doctor of medicine, of laiv, or of divinity, 
who gave this opinion, I am not advised. Of the name of the 
doctor, history gives no information, — not even the learned Dr. 
Mather's Magnalia, which tells all that was true and something 
more. This is certain, the Reverend gentleman, in whose 
house the malady began, and his associates of the neighbor- 
hood, did very little to suppress the evil ; much less than they 
should have done. Says Dr. Mather, "Mr. Parris, seeing the 
condition of his family, desired the presence of some worthy 

* Prof. J. W. Webster, of Cambridge. 



14 

gentlemen of Salem, and some neighbor ministers, to consult 
together at his house ; who when they came, and had inquired 
diligently into the sufferings of the afflicted, concluded they 
were preternatural and feared the hand of Satan was in them," 
I cannot better express my views, than in the terse language of 
the Rev, Dr. Dwight, President of Yale College, who can never 
be charged with want of proper respect for the clergy. 

Says he, "Had Mr, Parris, instead of listening to the com- 
plaints of the children, and holding days of fasting and prayer, 
on occasions so preposterous, applied the rod as it should have 
been ; had the magistrates, instead of receiving the complaints, 
arrested the complainants as disturbers of the peace ; or had the 
Judges of the Court quashed the indictments, as founded on the 
baseless fabric of a vision, and discharged the prisoners, the evil 
might have been arrested, in limine. But unhappily these were 
efforts of reason, which lay beyond the spirit of the times," 

Those who conducted these trials were not only deceived 
themselves, but they were willing to deceive others. They 
were not simply zealous ; but they were corruptly furious. 
They introduced testimony, equally at variance with law, with 
common sense, and with the Scriptures. Children incapable of 
any comprehension of the topics about which they were inter- 
rogated, were in some cases the only witnesses. A venerable 
man was found guilty on the testimony of his own grandchild. 
What is worst of all, the answers desired were put into their 
mouths by the illegal forms of the questions proposed. 

Time will not admit of a reference to each of the victims of 
this delusion, that had a home in Danvers. Among them were 
the following : — Rev. George Burroughs, (who himself had 
been a settled minister in the village ;) Giles Corey, and wife ; 
John Proctor, and wife ; Rebecca Nourse, George Jacobs, Sarah 
Good, John Willard. Dr. Mather estimates the whole number 
of arrests, at 100 ; the whole number executed, at 19. 

I will briefly advert to a few of the cases as samples of the 
whole ; at the same time must say, that in the examination of 
the trials as preserved, I have not noticed a single error, in con- 
duct or opinion, in those who were accused. On the contrary, 



15 

the more prominent were their virtues the more likely were 
they to be accused : and the less chance had they for escape. 

In the case of John Proctor, (whose character I feel in duty 
bound to vindicate from all unjust aspersions,) his only fault was 
a kind regard for his wife. When she was arrested and about to 
be carried to prison, (her health being such as to forbid her being 
imprisoned,) he insisted upon going with her; whereupon, her 
accusers cried out against him, and he was arraigned also. Dur- 
ing his trial the Rev. C. Mather was in Court, (at the special 
solicitation of the prisoner, see his admirable letter of July 23d, 
1692,^ and fearing there might be some hesitation in the minds 
of the jury on account of his well-established character for integ- 
rity and piety, volunteered to testify that he himself had seen his 
Satanic Majesty, the Devil, whispering in the ear of the prisoner, 
while there in Court. To every intelligent mind the statement 
of such a fact carries with it its own commentary. The learned 
Doctor must have had the impulses of his own fears, in the eye 
of his mind, when he presumed to give such testimony ; not to 
speak of the wisdom of the judges, who permitted it to be 
given.* 

In the case of Rebecca Nourse, a sister of the Church, of fair 
character, the jury returned a verdict of not guilty ; but the 

* That injustice may not be done to Dr. Mather, whose greatest defect 
seems to have been his egregious vanUy, I will quote the views of Mr. C. Rob- 
bins, of Boston, who appears to have examined the part acted by Dr. Mather 
with much kindness and discrimination. " That Cotton Mather was enchanted 
in the same spell with the other prominent actors in these tragic events ; that 
he was credulous to a ridiculous extreme; that he was inordinately fond of the 
marvellous ; that he was too easily imposed upon ; that his intense and undis- 
guised interest in every case of alleged possession, betrayed him into indis- 
cretions, and laid him open to censure ; and that he busied himself unneces- 
sarily with the trials, are facts which rest upon indubitable evidence, — are 
blemishes which can never be wiped away from his name. That he was under 
the influence of any bad motives, any sanguinary feelings ; that he did not 
verily thii,k he was doing God service, and the devil injury ; — the most careful 
examination has failed to make me believe." 

Bred as he was of the blood of the Mathers and Cottons for many genera- 
tions ; reverenced as they had been by the people as the elect of God, before 
whom the people bowed at their nod, as was the custom of the times ; it is not 
surprising that he assumed to dictate. Humility, in those days, was not an 
indispensable qualification in the character of a Christian minister; on the 
contrary, it was a qualification rarely found in their possession. It is said, "<o 
do ail the good he could to all, was his maxim, his study, his labor, his pleasure." 
(Hist, of 2d Church, Boston, p. 111.) 



16 

combined influence of the populace, the cliurch and tlie clergy, 
brought about her execution. She was first excommunicated, 
then hung ; the first instance of the application of Lynch Law, 
to be found in the annals of New England. 

Giles Corey and Martha his wife, who lived in the western 
part of the town, on the estate recently occupied by the Hon. 
Daniel P. King, were accused and suffered death. He was 
eighty years old. His contempt for the entire proceedings was 
such, that he stood mute and refused to plead to the accusa- 
tions. Because he so refused, they undertook to press or extort 
an answer from him, and so suffering, he died under the press- 
ure. Thus dying, his body was denied a Christian burial, and 
it is said was deposited at the crotch of the roads, near Tapley's 
brook, as was done with the bodies of infamous malefactors. 
This is the only instance of the application of this kind of tor- 
ture, to my knowledge, in this Commonwealth. The idea is 
most -forbidding. A grey-headed veteran thus treated, in a 
Christian land, and by those too who professed to have imbibed 
more than a common share of the spirit of Christ ! If such be 
a Christian spirit, how shall the opposite be described ? The 
very thought produces a chill of horror. 

George Burroughs, who, for several years, was a pastor of the 
Village Parish, having removed to Portland, where he was re- 
spectably settled in the ministry, was cried out against by his 
enemies, tried, convicted, and executed with the otliers, August, 
1692, on Gallows Hill. He is entitled to be remembered with 
high regard, as he had the firmness to resist the infatuations 
that overcame the minds of so many of his brethren. Says 
Mr. Willis, the historian of Portland, "there has nothing sur- 
vived Mr. Burroughs, either in his living or dying, that casts 
any reproach upon his character ; and, although he died a vic- 
tim of a fanaticism as wicked and as stupid as any which has 
been countenanced in civilized society, and which at the time 
prejudiced his memory, yet his character stands redeemed in a 
more enlightened age, from any blemish." 

I have sought in vain for the part taken in these trials, by the 
lawyers as such. The trials appear to have been carried on before 



17 

a special tribunal, organized for this special purpose, partaking 
of the powers of civil and ecclesiastical tribunals, having little 
or no regard to the rules of evidence, or any other proprieties ; 
and thus to have continued, until it broke down under the 
weight of its own extravagances. Messrs. Stoughton, Salton- 
stall, Richards, Gedney, Sewall, Winthrop and Sargent, were 
the seven eminent citizens selected for this purpose. They 
were men of high respectability. A special jury was organized 
before which all the cases were brought. The depositions and 
affidavits used, show that rules of law were entirely disregarded 
in the trials. A species of infatuation seems to have pervaded 
the minds of all concerned. The entire movement, from begin- 
ning to end, was an anomaly most extraordinary. I am not 
unmindful, that trials for like offences had been carried on in 
England, and on the continent of Em'ope, and that some of the 
purest jurists of the time, had participated in the trials. But 
such was not the fact in regard to the witchcraft of New Eng- 
land. These trials bear no marks of wisdom, and very few of 
honesty of purpose. Perhaps the reason for the appointment of 
a special tribunal for the trial of those accused of witchcraft 
was, that the Provincial Charter did not arrive until May, 1692, 
and no regular court was organized under it, until December 
following. Here then was an interval in which the regular ad- 
ministration of justice was suspended for the want of a proper 
Court ; from which a lesson is to be learned, that such experi- 
ments should not often be repeated. 

But why do we dwell with such abhorrence upon the follies 
of olden time ? When in our own times, and almost in our 
own circles, are extravagances, quite as irrational and unintelli- 
gible. That there may be phenomena, from natural causes, 
electrical, galvanic, or otherwise, of a character to astonish and 
confound, I will not presume to deny, though I have not wit- 
nessed any such. But that any communications with the 
spirits of the departed, directly or indirectly, have ever been 
had ; or any revelations from them,, through any such agencies, 
I do not believe. All such pretences, under whatever name 
they may come, are false and deceptive, and only calculated to 
3 c 



18 

mislead. They are to be classed in the same category with 
witchcraft of olden time. 

I am not unmindful that it is said by high authority, (Exodus 
xxii, 18,) " Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live." There are 
many other things said by the same authority, which, in my 
opinion, were not intended literally to he regarded as rules for 
our guidance, without some qualification of circumstances. 
Suppose this rule to be followed, and the idea of a witch, then 
prevalent, to be taken, — what would be the consequence ? "A 
witch" is defined, in the Magnalia of the learned Doctor, to be 
" a person that, having the free use of reason, doth knowingly 
: and willingly seek and obtain of the Devil, or any other god 
■ beside the true God Jehovah, an ability to do or know strange 
things, or things which he cannot by his own human abilities 
arrive unto." A witch was supposed to have renounced allegi- 
ance to the true God, and to have promised obedience to the 
Devil. Some of the clergy construed the Scriptures as recog- 
nizing the validity of such contracts. Was it strange, then, 
to believe, that the persons supposed to be bewitched were 
; moved of the Devil ? Were not those who thus taught and 
misled those whom they taught, justly chargeable with the 
blood of the innocent sufferers ? I have no respect for the 
agency of the Devil, as he is supposed to have operated in 1692, 
or as he is now operating in 1852 ; and as to good spirits ope- 
rating through such mediums to instruct and bless mankind, I 
have no faith in it. 

These accusations continued to multiply, until they were 
checked by theu" own extravagance.* The arraignment of 

* Dr. Mather says, (Vol. II, 413, § 11,) " By these things you may see how 
this matter was carried on, viz., chiefly by the complaints and accusations of 
the afflicted, bewitciied ones, as it was supposed, and then by the confession 
of the acciised, condemning themselves and others. Yet experience shewed, 
the more there Avere apprehended, the more were still afflicted by Satan ; and 
the number of confessors increasing, did but increase the number of the ac- 
cused ; and the executing of some, made way for the apprehending of others : 
f* still the afflicted complained of being tormented by new objects, as the 
former were removed. At last, it was evidently seen that there must be a stop 
put, or the generation of the children of God would pass under that condemna- 
tion. Henceforth, therefore, the juries generally acquitted such as were tried, 
fearing they had gone too far before ?" " Considering the confusion this mat- 
ter had brought us into, it was thought safer to under do than to over do, espe- 
cially, in matters capital,. wiere what is once compleaied, cannot be reprieved.^ 



19 

Mrs. Hale, wife of the minister of Beverly, and of Mrs. Proctor, 
wife of John Proctor, beforenamed, ladies eminent for their vir- 
tues, opened the eyes of jurors and judges to reflect, that their 
own time might soon come. 

The jurors before whom the accused were tried, with one 
accord, acknowledged their error in acting upon such evidence^ 
or rather without any evidence ; and the judges, particularly the 
excellent Chief J. Sewall,* continued to lament theii- mistakes 
while they lived. 

"Whether Justices Hawthorne and Corwin, the magistrates 
who conducted the preliminary examinations, ever made the 
amende honorable, does not appear. Perhaps, as they were 
judges of an iriferior court only, a correction of errors was not 
deemed an essential part of their duty. This is certain, the 
higher law of common sense gained the ascendency, and false 
interpretations of the laws of Moses were soon in a measure 
corrected. The Devil was deposed. 

I have dwelt long upon this antiquated topic, because justice 

to the memory of those who died without blemish, together 

with the unaccountable propensity of the human mind, even at 

the present time, to give credence to irrational absurdities and 

visionary fancies, forbid my saying less. I am not insensible 

that my views of the subject are extremely imperfect. Nothing 

less than an entire volume would do justice to it. All the facts 

deserve to be gathered and chronicled, as a warning to future 

generations. Had not those in high life participated so fully, it 

would, ere this, have been done. " Dog wont eat dog," is 

" A maxim true 
As human wisdom ever drew." 

REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENTS. 

Passing over events of a temporary character, let us glance 
for a moment to the period immediately preceding the Revolu- 

* The Hon. Samuel Sewall, afterwards Chief Justice of the Court, and a 
magistrate of sterling integrity, was accustomed annually to ask the prayers of 
the church and congregation at the Old South Church, where he worshipped, 
for the pardon of his offence in the part he took in condemning those charged 
with ivilchcrqft. He was not so mealy mouthed as some of the present day, who 
would charge the error entirely to the times, and take no part of it to themselves. 
Such men would hang witches, or do anything else that expediency might 
prompt. 



20 

tion, when trifles light as air were big with the fate of nations. 
The refusal to use a paper with a government stamp upon it, 
was interpreted treason. The sale of a little tea, for the use of 
the ladies, involved loss of caste and imprisonment. The charge 
of an exorbitant price for a pound of cheese, public posting, by 
order of the town, as faithless to one's country. 

The seeds of jealousy planted at the time of the granting of 
the Act of Incorporation, whereby the right of representation 
was restricted, were never eradicated. It was not the value of 
the privilege Avithheld, but the manner in which it was done, 
that excited the indignation of the people. His majesty had 
given special instructions that no more towns should be incor- 
porated, with the privilege of choosing their own representatives. 
Our fathers were jealous of their rights, especially when in- 
fringed by the power over the water ; and there were those on 
this side of the water who took good care to keep this jealousy 
enkindled. The Adamses, the Otises, the Quincys, the Pick- 
erings, were not silent, and did not live in vain in those days. 
The spirit they infused, pervaded every artery of the body 
politic. 

How else could it have happened, that simultaneously, from 
all parts of the State, came up resolutions of similar import. 
Doubtless these resolutions expressed the feelings of the people j 
but they probably had a common origin. Although messages 
were not then circulated by lightning, or handbills published 
through the daily press, still, messengers were not wanting, nor 
prompters to tell the people what to say. James Otis, John 
Adams, Joseph Warren, Samuel Adams, Timothy Pickering, 
and many others, were intent on securing the freedom of the 
colonies. 

In 1765, it was deliberately resolved, in town-meeting assem- 
bled, " that the inhabitants were greatly incensed by the burdens 
attempted to be imposed upon the people, and were ready to 
resist to the uttermost." 

In 1768, Dr. Holten, delegate to a convention holden at 
Faneuil Hall, the cradle of Liberty, in Boston, was specially 
instructed " to look well to the rights of the people." With 



21 

such marked ability did he then discharge this duty, that he 
thereby laid the foundation for a distinction more prominent, 
and an influence more pervading, than any other citizen ever 
acquired. While he lived, to hesitate to yield assent to the 
opinions of Dr. Holten, was by many deemed political heresy. 
The ardor of his feelings and the purity of his life gave an au- 
thority to his views that could not be resisted.* 

In 1772, Messrs. Wm. Shillaber and others were appointed a 
committee of vigilance. The manner in which their duty was 
discharged shows them to have been a vigilant committee, — 
regulating not only what men should say and do^ but what they 
should eat and drink, and what should be paid therefor. If 
those who would reform the manners of the age, as to diet and 
regimen, would seek precedents, they may readily find them in 
the records of those days. Our fathers were a law-abiding 
people, — provided always, they had a voice in the making of 
the laws, — not otherwise. They were sensitive and jealous of 
their rights in the extreme. The spirit of Robinson, of Peters, 
of WilHams, of Endicott, of Bradstreet, and of Winthrop, per- 
vaded their entire nature. They felt that they were born to he 
free, and they suffered no opportunity for securing this privi- 
lege to escape without improvement. 

So marked were these characteristics, that, in 1774, a regi- 
ment of royal troops was quartered on yonder plain, in front of 
the then residence of the Royal Governor Gage, — for, be it 
remembered, that tioice in our history was Danvers the resi- 
dence of the royal governors. So ardent was the patriotism 
of the citizens at this time, that it is not improbable the first 
bursting forth of the flame of liberty was here apprehended. 
So correctly did they augur coming events, that, in February 
next following, less than two months previous to the battle of 
Lexington, the first onset by the British was aimed at Danvers. 
Col. Leslie, with his regiment, came from Boston for the pur- 
pose of destroying cannon and military stores supposed to be 
deposited at Danvers. Without doubt, such deposits were here. 

* See remarks following, by Rev. J. Warburton Putnam, for a more com- 
plete view of the life and character of this estimable citizen. 



22 

In those days, patriots had to have their eyes open in all direc- 
tions. They had to watch their enemies at home and abroad. 
The tories were on the watch, ready at all times to give in- 
formation of every movement. 

While Col. Leslie was parleying with parson Barnard and 
others, about crossing the North Bridge in Salem, near the line 
of Dan vers, Mr. Richard Skidmore (familiarly known as Old 
Skid) took care to trundle off the cannon, upon the carriages he 
himself had. made. So the brave Colonel returned to Boston, 
with his first lesson distinctly conned, that a yankee was not to 
he caught napping. This excursion was on the Lord's day, 
Feb. 26th, 1775. The troops landed at Marblehead, while the 
people were at church in the afternoon, and it is worthy of 
special notice, as the resistance here experienced was the first 
resistance to British arms. As Gov. Kossuth recently happily 
remarked at our own monument, in allusion to this event, " the 
men of Danvers were ready to fight, and this is quite as good 
as fighting. Would the people of the United States just say to 
the Czar of Russia, what the people of Danvers said to Col. 
Leslie, I think the Czar of Russia would do as Col. Leslie did, 
go back agai?i, and thus my own beloved Hungary would be 
free." 

Had it not have been for the pacific wisdom exercised on that 
occasion, by Messrs. Barnard, Pickering and others, Salem 
would have been the theatre on which the first blood for liberty 
would have been shed, and thereby she would have plucked 
the feathers from the caps of Lexington and Concord.* 

The men of Danvers were there, Messrs. Rev. Clergy, 
Wadsworth and Holt, were there seen in the ranks of the mili- 

* Rev. J. W. Hanson, in his History of Danvers, (page 86,) says " This 
was the first resistance, bloodless indeed, but determined, which was made on 
the part of the people of this country to the encroachment of foreijjn aggres- 
sion. In the town of Salem, nearly two months before the battle of Lexington, 
the people of Dinvers, joined by those of Salem, opposed and beat back the 
foe, and established their title to the quality of determined bravery. But for 
the calmness and discretion of Leslie the English commander, North Bridge, 
at Salem, would have gone ahead of the North Bridge at Concord, and Salem 
itself have taken the place of Lexington ; and February 26th would have 
stood forever memorable in the annals of the Republic. The British under 
Leslie numbered 140. The Americans under Pickering numbered 50." 



23 

tia, with their guns ready for battle, under the command of the 
brave Samuel Eppes. When the alarm was sounded, the ser- 
mon was cut off, and the concluding prayer, with the doxology, 
were deferred to a more convenient season. Then, men not 
only slept upon their arms, but carried them to meeting. The 
best of men were ready to fight. All were soldiers, — none too 
good for service. Their country's rights, not their own aggran- 
dizement, were the objects for which they watched without 
ceasing. 

BATTLE OF LEXINGTON. 

Thus continued the town, in a state of constant preparation 
and alarm, until the morning of April 19th, 1775, an era most 
marked in the annals of Danvers. Then, every man capable 
of bearing arms, from the stripling of sixteen to the veteran of 
sixty years, was seen trotting at the rate of four miles an hour, 
to the field of duty and of glory, — with what effect, the return- 
ing wagons on the following day, loaded with the dead and 
wounded, too plainly told. Seven of the young men of Dan- 
vers, whose names are registered on yonder monument of gran- 
ite, quarried in our own hills, the corner stone of which was 
laid by Gen. Gideon Foster, their commander, on the sixtieth 
anniversary, then became entitled to the inscription, " Dulce et 
decorum est, pro patria mori." As many more received marks 
of distinction from the enemy, that they carried with them to 
their graves. 

Think of it, my friends ! Suppose your father, son, or 
brother, one or all, as was the case with some families at that 
time, to have been thus exposed, when the distant thunder of 
conflicting arms came echoing over the hills, and the lightning 
flash of artillery illumined the western horizon, you will be able 
to appreciate the price paid by your fathers for the liberties you 
now enjoy. 

The impulse given at Lexington was never suspended. The 
funeral knell of those, whose lives were thus sacrificed, constantly 
resounded in the ear. As a specimen of the feeling that then 
pervaded the entire community, 1 beg leave to recite an anec- 



24 

dote of an event that occurred on that morning, Avhich I had 
from tlie Colonel himself, and therefore it may not be ques- 
tioned.* 

BATTLE OF BUNKEIt HILL. 

On the 17th of June, next following, (a morning not unlike 
the present, when the grass was waving in abundance on the 
plains,) Captains Foster, Flint, Page, Porter, and others of Dan- 
ver.s, were found in the post of danger, at the bloody ramparts 
of Bunker Hill, under Gen. Putnam, the commander, — himself 
of Danvers. There they stood, shoulder to shoulder, side by 
side, with Warren, Stark and Prescott, the motto of Patrick 
Henry on their helmets, colors not to be mistaken, " Give us 
Liberty, or give us Death! " 

Shall it be said, my friends, that Danvers did nothing towards 
securing our freedom ? — Danvers, that poured out her best blood 
in the midst of the fight ? of otic ^ who had rather die than stoop, 
though cautioned to do so, — owe, who, when questioned where 
he should he on the day of battle, replied, " Where the Enemy is 
there you toill find me!'''' All who know our country's history 
must be aware that I refer to the brave Captain Samuel Flint, 
who fell fighting, sword in hand, on the mounds of Bennington, 
in the prime of life and vigor of manhood ; leaving descendants, 
whose highest pleasure it should be to imitate the patriotism of 
their grandfather, and the amiable virtues of their father, — the 
late Hon. D. P. King. 

On the 18th of June, 1776, it was voted, in town meeting, 
"if the Honorable Congress, for the safety of the United States, 

* When the troops from Salem, under the command of Col. Timothy Pick- 
ering, were on their way to meet the enemy, (the Danvers companies having 
started ahead by permission,) they halted at the Bell Tavern, now Monument, 
to arrange their places ; and while thus stopping, Hasket Derby, one of the 
soldiers, stepped into friend Southwick's, the house opposite, with whom he 
was acquainted, where Mrs. Southwick said to him. Friend Derby, thee knows 
that my principles will not allow me to do anything to encourage war ; but as 
there is a long and tedious march before thee, and thee and those with thee 
may be in need of refreshment, this batcli of bread, just taken from the oven, 
thee may take, if thee please,— /or it never can be ivrong to feed the hungry. 
And she put into his knapsack a cheese aiso. The same facts have been 
affirmed to me by her son Edward, who, with the soldier from Salem, lived to 
be men of the greatest wealth and influence in their respective towns. 



25 

declare them independent of the kingdom of Great Britain, — 
we, the inhabitants of Danvers, do solemnly pledge our lives 
and fortunes to support them in the measure," — language 
smelling strongly of the Declaration made at Philadelphia, on 
the 4th of July next following ; — which Declaration was utian- 
imously approved by vote, and ordered to be entered, at length, 
in the records of the town. Yes, there it is, my friends, in 
bold relief, on the page, — for the instruction of future genera- 
tions. This little incident speaks volumes of the feelings that 
pervaded the minds of the community. This little town, with 
less than two thousand inhabitants, thus ratifying the doings 
of a nation, and taking upon itself the respotisibility. The 
spirit of Holten, of Foster, of Hutchinson, of Shillaber, and 
their compatriots, is jipparent in this thing. When such a feel- 
ing prevails, victory or death must follow. No compromise is 
admissible. No tory spirit was found here. While these men 
lived, there was no doubt where Danvers would be found. 
Her sons have every reason to be proud of the patriotic spirit 
and determined purpose of their sires. The names of many 
brave men are conspicuous in her annals. Let their sons, to 
the latest generation, see to it, that a reputation so nobly earned 
shall never be tarnished. 

REVOLUTIONART HEROES. 

On the page of history that shall mark the efforts of Danvers 
in the Revolutionary struggle for Independence, will be found 
the names of — 

Gen. Israel Putnam, 

Gen. Gideon Foster, 
* Gen. Moses Porter, 

Col. Jeremiah Page, 

Col. Israel Hutchinson, 

Col. Enoch Putnam, 

Major Caleb Lowe, 

Major Sylvester Osborn, 

Capt. Samuel Eppes, 

Capt. Samuel Flint, 
4 d 



26 

Capt. Jeremiah Putnam, 

Capt. Samuel Page, 

Capt. Dennison Wallis, 

Capt. Levi Preston, 

Mr. William Shillaber, 

Dr. Amos Putnam, 

Dr. Samuel Holten, 

Capt. Johnson Proctor, (my father,) 
the last survivor of the revolutionary worthies, who died No- 
vember 11, 1851, aged 86. A class of men worthy of the 
cause they so ably defended. They were none of your milk- 
and-water heroes ; salt pork and bean porridge constituted the 
basis of their diet.* 

AGE OF SOLDIERS. 

It is interesting to notice the extraordinary length of lives 
attained by these patriots. Of those named, their average ages 
exceeded 80 years. What could have so extended their lives 
ten years beyond the period ordinarily allotted to man ? This 
is an inquiry of much interest. It could not have been quiet, 
and freedom from exposure, — for none were more exposed. 
The incidents of the soldier's life, under circumstances most 
favorable, have little to charm or amuse ; but the Revolutionary 
Soldiers, half clad and half starved, as they often were, must 
have lived on something not fully appreciated, to hold out as 
they did. May it not in part be attributed to their energy and 
activity of movement in early years? to that buoyancy and 
cheerfulness of spirits that naturally flow from such movements? 
Who has not witnessed the animation with which the old 
soldier adverts to the perils of his youth, and 

" Shoulders his crutch to show how fields are won " ? 

Who will presume to say that cheerful spirits do not essentially 
contribute to the prolongation of life ? 

* There are many others, " good men and true," who did much service, with 
equal energy and patriotism, but who were content with being brave, without 
any proclamation made of it. Those who float readily on the top, have not 
always the most solidity. 



27 



CENTENNARIANS. 

But two instances, within the limits of the town, of persons 
living to the age of one hundred years, have come to my 
knowledge. These were both soldiers, who had seen much 
service in many wars. 

The first was Thomas Nelson, a native of Scotland, who 
died in 1774, at the age of 113 years. 

The second was Lemuel Winchester, a native of Brookline, 
Massachusetts, who died in 1844, at the age of 100 years 8 
months and 5 days. 

Of father Nelson, I have heard my grandmother say, (who 
herself lived to be almost one hundred,) that when he was 
more than one hundred, he often walked from his residence to 
Salem, six miles, as upright as any young man. 

Both of these gentlemen possessed cheerful dispositions and 
active habits. Both of them were free from those excesses so 
common to the age in which they lived, though probably not 
tee-totallers. — a description of beings that were not common in 
revolutionary times. 

How important then, to those who would possess health and 
long life, to imitate their example in the cultivation of habits 
of activity, temperance and cheerfulness. It was remarked by 
Lord Mansfield, one of the most sagacious of men, that he 
never knew an instance of a person living to extreme old age 
who did not rise early ; and he might have added, who did not 
live temperate. Temperance and activity are the corner stones 
of health and usefulness. 

RELIGIOUS WORSHIP. 

The first settlers of Salem were Puritans. They were men 
who aimed to be governed by the impulses of their own con- 
sciences, and to keep themselves void of offence.* Such were 
Endicott and his associates when they came to Salem. I do 

* In the language of Governor Bradford, when a young man, " To keep a 
good conscience, and walk in such a way as God hath prescribed in his Word, 
is a thing which I much prefer before you all, and above life itself." 



28 

not presume to say they were without blemish, — the sun has 
spots, — but " their faults leaned to virtue's side." They had 
more of merit in them than many men's virtues. Thus moved 
by a faith that gives dignity to man. — pui^ity to woman, — and 
loveliness to the child, — it would have been strange indeed if 
they had neglected to provide all needful accommodations for 
the worship of God. As early as 1666, the farmers of the 
village were incorporated into a society for religious worship. 
This was the Second Parish in Salem. Parish privileges and 
rights of citizens were then essentially connected. No man 
could exercise the rights of a citizen who did not belong to the 
Church. In the meetings of the Church, matters of business 
were moulded as much as they now are in caucus assembled. 

The first thirty years of the Village Parish covers that period 
when the witch dehision and other controversies were agitated 
to such extent that little may be said of the religious influences 
then prevalent, — if regard be paid to the text, ''By theii- fruits 
shall ye know them." 

In 1697, Rev. Joseph Green became the pastor of this society, 
and so continued for a period of eighteen years. He died 
among his people, universally beloved and respected. He must 
have been a very good man to have lived and died as he did, 
at such a time, surrounded with such influences. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Peter Clark, who continued to 
minister until all those who settled him had left the stage ; a 
period of more than fifty years. His funeral discourse was 
preached June 16, 1768, by Rev. Thomas Barnard, of Salem. 
Such permanency in the ministry speaks well of pastor and 
people ; — and is in accordance with our best New England 
notions. I know that many have grown up of late who think 
they know more than their fathers did, — but I have heard it 
said old Doctor Clark once said to his son Caleb, ''Caleb! is 
there no nearer way to Heaven than round by Chebacco?" — 
meaning thereby to reprove the new light influences then 
prevalent. So in modern times, many are not content to pursue 
the good old way to Heaven, but want to go hy steam ; when 
they start thus, there is danger of bursting the boiler. 



29 

Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth succeeded Mr. Clark, and minis- 
tered unto this people for more than fifty year's. My first 
impressions of a model minister were taken from this gentleman 
when a boy at school. Subsequently, when an older boy, 
myself attempting '' to teach the young idea how to shoot," I 
had the pleasure of a more intimate acquaintance, which con- 
firmed my first impressions. He was a gentleman., in the best 
sense of the term. He knew ivhat to say, and when to say it. 
He too lived a long life harmoniously with his people, and died 
beloved and respected. What Christian minister can ask a 
better eulogy? Who that remembers the words of wisdom 
that fell from the lips of these venerable men, will fail to 
rejoice at their good fortune in being thus instructed? I know 
of nothing that savors more of Heaven, than lessons of instruc- 
tion from a virtuous, modest, wise old minister. Very few 
societies can render so good an account of their stewardship. 

Since the decease of Dr. Wadsworth, the increase of popula- 
tion has been such as to demand a division, and two societies 
are now sustained on the old foundation. Of the living, I 
forbear to speak, well knowing that the sound of their own 
voices will be their highest encomium. They are favorably es- 
teemed wherever learning or piety is regarded. 

The inhabitants of the southerly part of the town worshiped 
with the First Church in Salem, until 1710, when a new soci- 
ety was incorporated, under the name of the Middle Precinct 
Parish. This was the Third Parish in Salem. Their first effort 
was, to obtain from the town, a grant of " a quarter of an acre 
of land to set a meeting-house on." This was so located, that, 
in process of time, it expanded to more than an acre. Whether 
fortunately, or not, involves too many incidents to admit of 
discussion on this occasion. 

In 1713, Rev. Benjamin Prescott was settled as pastor over 
this parish, and remained such for a period of forty years. 
His pastoral relations were closed in 1752, (the year of the sep- 
aration from Salem,) in consequence of contentions that had 
arisen about the collection and payment of his salary. There 
were, within the parish, Gluakers and others, who thought they 



30 

could not conscientiously pay for stick preaching. The laws 
had no regard to scruples of conscience of such a character. 
After the dissolution of his pastoral relations, Mr. Prescott con- 
tinued to reside in the parish, a worthy citizen and magis- 
trate, dying in good old age, respected for his talents and 
virtues, and was buried at the foot of the hill bearing his name. 

A shrewd observer, with much experience in ministerial 
affairs, remarked, in relation to Mr. Prescott's ministry, " When 
a minister and people cannot get along without quarrelling 
about his salary, it is better for both that the connection should 
be dissolved. God and Mammon cannot peaceably occupy the 
same tenement." 

The Rev. Nathan Holt succeeded Mr. Prescott, and minis- 
tered with good fidelity for a period of thirty-four years. He 
was a peaceable, clever man, — deeply imbued with the patriotic 
spirit of the times. Of his services in the pulpit, I have heard 
but little. His labors among his people were highly prized, 
and productive of a happy influence. " He was an Israelite 
indeed, in whom there was no guile." 

Rev. Samuel Mead followed Mr. Holt, and was pastor about 
ten years. The record of this period is lost ; it is not safe, 
therefore, to speak, where the best evidence is wanting. I 
remember him well. His peculiarities were many. 

In 1805, the Rev. Samuel Walker was settled, and remained 
the pastor for a period of twenty-one years. His life was termi- 
nated by a painful casualty. He was faithful to his calling, 
discreet in his movements, and died with a kind remembrance 
in many a bosom. Since his death, a Unitarian, a Methodist, 
a Baptist, and a Universal ist society have grown up in the par- 
ish, and flourished with various degrees of success, leaving the 
Old South Society still one of the largest and ablest in the 
county. 

For a few years they were ministered unto by the Rev. 
George Cowles, who, while on his way south with his lady, in 
search of health, was suddenly lost on board the steamer Home, 
dying with these last Avords, " He that trusteth in Jesus is safe, 
even among the perils of the sea." He died deeply lamented, 



31 

having previously resigned his pastoral care on account of ill 
health. 

The Rev. H. G. Park followed for a short time. 

The Rev. Thomas P. Field succeeded Mr. Park for a period 
of ten years, laboring successfully to a harmonious and happy 
people, — which labors were unfortunately interrupted by his 
being called to a position of more extended usefulness at Troy, 
N. Y., with the offer of a compensation better proportioned to 
the worth of his services. When it was too late, the people 
saw their error. The disappointment experienced in parting 
with one so highly esteemed, with no appreciable reason as- 
signed therefor, poorly prepared the way to treat with kindness 
and Christian sympathy his successor, the Rev. James D. Butler, 
who, after a conditional settleinent of one year, was ci'oivded off, 
without ceremony. May his eminent learning and Christian 
humility command a position in which they will be duly appre- 
ciated. 

Several other religious societies have grown up in different 
parts of the town, and been sustained with varied success. A 
Baptist society was organized at the New Mills Village, under 
the pastoral care of Rev. Benj. Foster, sixty-eight years since. 
The present pastor, Rev. A. W. Chapin. There is also a Uni- 
versalist society in that neighborhood, which was organized 
thirty-seven years since, now under the pastoral care of the 
Rev. J. W. Putnam. 

Within my memory, four valuable churches have been de- 
stroyed by fire, probably caused by incendiaries. One offender 
only has been brought to justice, and he under his own con- 
fession. 

Within the last twelve years, there has been expended in the 
construction and finish of churches, more than $50,000. 

The present annual payments within the town, for the sup- 
port of religious instruction, cannot be estimated at less than 
$10,000. 

The predominant faith at the present time, (exclusive of those 
who have no faith at all,) is a modified version of the notions 
of the Puritan Fathers of New England j — how far improved 



32 



by the modification, must be left to the better judgment of those 
who have really experienced its purifying influences. That 
there may he such, I cannot doubt, — but something more than 
mere profession of religion is wanted, to satisfy my mind. I 
incline to the belief, that his faith cannot be lorojig whose life 
is right. And where the life does not illustrate and adorn the 
profession, the profession will be found " a sounding brass and 
tinkling cymbal." 

EDUCATION. 

Popular education, in the broadest sense of the term, has en- 
grossed the attention of the people of Danvers as much as any 
other topic. From the time of their first meeting, March 4th, 
1752, when Daniel Eppes, father and son, were moderator and 
clerk, each year's record shows more or less of interest in the 
education of the rising generation. 

Previous to the separation, but little attention had been given 
to supporting schools for the children on the borders. 

In 1783, when revolutionary troubles had subsided, the peo- 
ple began to look after the condition of the schools. 

In 1793, an interesting report on the reorganization of the 
schools was made to the town, by Dr. Archelaus Putnam, which 
appears in full upon the records, — a fact worthy of notice, be- 
cause many a report, placed on file owiy, is not now to be found. 
Files that are handled by every body, soon become every 
body's property. 

In 1794, pursuant to a plan proposed by Gideon Foster, 
Samuel Page, and John Kettelle, the town was divided into 
districts. 

In 1802, the districts were remodelled, at the suggestion of 
Sylvester Osborn. Thus we find Holten, Foster, Page, Osborn, 
and others, who were foremost in their efforts to secure our 
rights, going ahead in their endeavors to educate the children 
to understand those rights. 

In 1809, the present system of school districts was estab- 
lished, — then nine, now fourteen ; — then containing 800 chil- 
dren, now more than 2000, of age suitable to attend school. 



33 

It is not easy to understand how schools were supported as 
well as they were, with the limited appropriations then made. 
Masters must have taught for the love of teaching, and children 
studied for the sake of learning. The days of study, and not 
the days of vacation, must then have been their seasons of 
amusement. 

In 1814, an order was adopted requiring a report of the 
condition of the schools, for the year next preceding, to be 
made at the annual meeting in each year. This is worthy of 
notice, it having become a State regulation since. 

In 1820, an order was adopted requiring the names and ages 
of children between four and sixteen years, resident in town 
on the first day of May, to be returned by the prudential com- 
mittees, and recorded by the clerk. This also was in advance^ 
of the action of the State to the same effect. Both of these- 
regulations have been found highly serviceable. 

The money appropriated for the support of schools has since 
been apportioned to the several districts in proportion to the 
children thus returned, with donations to the districts c-ontaining 
a sparse population, to equalize the advantages of schooling as 
far as practicable. 

High schools have recently been established with good 
success. The present year, a new plan of superintendence has 
been ordered and entered upon with high expectation of ben- 
efit. It remains with the person who fills the office whether 
these expectations shall be realized. The superintendent enters 
upon the duties this day. I cannot doubt the efficiency of 
individual superintendence when regulated by competent ability, 
with a single eye to the advancement of the schools. 

The predominant feeling has long been, that it is the bounden 
duty of the town to carry out the free-school principle first 
proposed by Endicott, viz, — to provide for the complete education 
of all the children, at the public charge, in saich manner a^ 
their condition in society/ demands. 

In this way alone can it be explained thaU Danvers has edu- 
cated so small a proportion of her sons at colilieges, according to 
her wealth and population. On looking over the list of natives 
5 e 



34 

of the town who have had the benefit of a collegiate education, 
for one hundred years last past, I find six clergymen, three law- 
yers, two physicians, five farmers, and two others, — in all, 
twenty ; — a number much less than will be found in many 
towns with one half the population.* 1 speak of the fact as 
presenting considerations worthy of reflection, and not because 
I deem such an education an essential qualification to good citi- 
zenship. Instance the success of Franklin, of Washington, of 
our own Bowditch, to the contrary. The truth is, the people of 
Danvers have been anxious to realize a more speedy income on 
their investments than is ordinarily found by trimming the mid- 
night lamp. As a general thing, they value objects in possession 
more than those in expectancy ; their faith is not strong enough 
to sustain the hope of distinction by means of literary eftbrts. 

An elaborate attempt to abolish the district system of schools 
was made in 1850, but the people were not prepared to give up 
what they deemed a certainty for an iinccrtainty. 

* College Graduates. — Names of natives of Danvers, who have been 
educated at Collegiate Institutions : — 

F. *Daniel Putnam, 

F. *James Putnam, 

T. *Daniel Eppes, 

F. *Tarrant Putnam, 

P. *Archelaus Putnam, 

L. Samuel Putnam, 

T. *Israel Andrew, 

C. William P. Page, 

C. Israel Warburton Putnam, 

C. Daniel Poor, 

L. John W. Proctor, 

C. Ebenezer Poor, 

L. *William Oakes, 

P. John Marsh, 

F. *Daniel P. King, 

C. Allen Putnam, 

F. Samuel P. C. King, 

C. Ezekiel Marsh, 

*Augustus E. Daniels, 
^Thomas Stimpson, 
6 of the above became clergymen ; 3, lawyers ; 2, teachers ; 5, farmers ; 
2, physicians ; 2, occupation not yet determined. 
Ten have deceased; ten now living. 

F. Fanner ; C. Clergyman ; P. Physician ; L. Lawyer ; T. Teacher. 
Several other citizens have engaged in professional employments, without 
the aid of collegiate instruction. Several are now preparing for such employ- 
ments. 



Harv. 


1717. 


Harv. 


174G. 


Harv. 


1758. 


Harv. 


17()3. 


Harv. 


1763. 


Harv. 


1787. 


Harv. 


1789. 


Harv. 


180[). 


Dart. 


1809. 


Dart. 


1811. 


Harv. 


1816. 


Dart. 


1818. 


Harv. 


1820. 


Harv. 


1823. 


Harv. 


1823. 


Harv. 


1825. 


Amherst, 


, 1831. 


Yale. 


1839. 


Harv. 


1846. 


Amherst, 


, 1850. 



35 



SUPPORT OF SCHOOLS. 

There is no town in the county where the appropriations for 
schools are more hberal, in proportion to the number to be 
educated and the ability to pay. Mr. Webster, in his late speech 
at Faneuil Hall, says it is the glory of Boston that she applies 
one quarter part of all the taxes assessed, for the support of 
public schools, viz., $50,000 out of $200,000, — there being a 
population of 140,000. Danvers applies f 10,000 out of $25,- 
000, — there being a population of 8000. Danvers has a valua- 
tion of $3,000,000;— Boston, $300,000,000. Here is a question 
for boys at school to answer, which of these places does best 
for the support of public schools, according to its ability ? 

If the schools of Danvers are not advanced in proportion to 
their appropriation, the defect is not chargeable to the mass of 
the inhabitants, — their will is to have Jirst rate free schools. 

SCHOOL FUNDS. 

The wisdom of the town in applying the surplus revenue, 
that came to their use in 1844, as a permanent fund for the 
benefit of schools, over and above a prescribed sum of not less 
than three dollars per scholar, to be raised by the town annually 
for this purpose, must not be overlooked. This fund now 
amounts to the sum of $10,000, and is invested in the hands of 
trustees chosen by the town. Considering the many jealousies 
brought to bear on this topic, the act whereby the investment 
was made will ever remain most creditable to the town. No 
man did more to bring this about than the late Elias Putnam, 
who in this, as in all his other public services, showed himself 
a vigilant friend of the best interests of the town. Danvers 
will long mourn his departure in the midst of his usefulness. 
He was a man of marked energy and decision of character. 
Selfish to some extent, — for who is not, — but public spirited, 
far beyond most of those around him. Those who knew him 
best, valued him highest. It was often my privilege, as on 
this subject, to cooperate in the objects he had in view. I knew 
him well. 



36 



WALLIS FUND. 



By the generosity of Capt. Dennison Wallis, who died in 
1825, a local fund of $2500 was established for the benefit of 
School District No. 1, in which he then lived. He intended 
the fund should have been $5000, but the phraseology of the 
will so far fell short of the intentions of' the donor, when tried 
in the crucible of the Supreme Court, as to reduce the amount 
07ie half. 

With this fund, the Wallis School, for the education of chil- 
dren between the ages of six and twelve years, has been estab- 
lished, and sustained for twenty years. If the spirit of the 
donor could look down upon the cheerful countenances of the 
happy group of children, educated by his bounty, on one of 
their days of successful exhibition, it would discover abundant 
reason for rejoicing in the wisdom of the donation. Happy 
spirit that ! which can contemplate a life of toil and perplexity 
terminated so gloriously. When another century shall have 
passed away, who will be remembered with more admiration 
than he who laid the foundation of the Wallis School ? Al- 
though his name may not live in the offspring of his own loins, 
it shall be immortal in the benefits conferred on thousands. 
This crowning act of his life will be cherished with gratitude, 
even when his heroic exposure at Lexington shall be forgotten. 



SUPPORT OF PAUPERS. 



As a municipal regulation, next in importance to the educa- 
tion of the young, is the support of the unfortunate poor. By 
the record of the first meeting, it appears that both these sub- 
jects were provided for. Still, no well-established system of 
relief to the poor was adopted, until about the year 1800, when 
the attention of friends E. Southwick and S. Shove, moved by 
the combined considerations of economy and humanity, were 
directed to this subject. To the credit of these gentlemen, be 
it said, notwithstanding they belonged to a class of Christians 
whose sense of religious duty will not suffer any of their num- 
ber to be a charge upon the public, that they did more to alle- 



37 

viate the condition of the paupers, as well as to relieve the 
town from the expense of their support, than has been done by 
any others. Their shrewd observation discerned, what was 
not then generally known, that almshouse establishments, with 
conveniences for industrial employments connected therewith, 
adapted to the capacities of the inmates, were the true means 
of benefiting their condition ; — that by thus being employed, 
they would be saved from many a temptation incident to their 
humiliated position, and the burden of their support would be 
greatly diminished. 

At this time a house, Avith about a dozen acres of land ap- 
purtenant, was appropriated to this use. But it was soon found 
that the locality of the establishment was too central, for the 
convenience of those around ; and that the growing wants of the 
village demanded its removal. Accordingly, it was transferred 
to the extensive farm of two hundred acres now occupied, then 
chiefly covered with wood. The selection of this site, although 
censured by many at the time, shows the superior discernment 
of those who chose it. It is airy, healthy, and easy of access, 
and readily made a secure abode, far removed from evil com- 
munications, and evil spirits also. Whoever would deal with 
paupers, must prepare to guard against the influence of such 
spirits with eagle eyes. 

The rival efforts of these gentlemen, (Messrs. Southwick and 
Shove,) to see which could out-do the other in saving for the 
town, and the suggestions made by them, from time to time, in 
their annual reports, will ever be interesting features for exami- 
nation. They were, in fact, a sort of duaker duel, in which 
no blood was shed, — although occasionally one would say to 
the other, " Thee lies, thee knoivs thee lies, under a mistake.^^ 
During their administration of this department, the State allowed 
twenty-one cents per day for the support of paupers, instead of 
seven, the present allowance ; which materially aided in bal- 
ancing their accounts. 

ALMSHOUSE. 

The present almshouse, with the farm and its appendages, 
cost $25,000. It was erected in 1844. The town was moved 



• 38 

to its erection, by the admonitions of Miss D. Dix, of Boston, 
whose generous philanthropy has done so much for suffering 
humanity. There were those who thought her officious, mis- 
informed as to the facts she stated, and disposed to meddle with 
that which did not concern her. I kiioiv there were such. But 
even those will now cheerfully acknowledge, that she was 
actuated by good motives ; and that she did the town a service, 
for which she ought ever to be held in grateful remembrance. 
Noble soul ! that looks around and sees how many tears of 
suffering she has dried up, and how many pangs of distress she 
has alleviated. Her own reflections are a heavenly reward. 
May her shadow never be less. 

There is no town in the Commonwealth where the unfortu- 
nate poor are regarded with more sympathy and kindness. 
Every rational movement for their benefit has always met a 
cheerful approval by the town. Care is taken to secure the 
services of intelligent and humane overseers, and the establish- 
ment entire is a model worthy of imitation. 

A careful analysis of the concerns of this department iox fifty 
years last past, will show, that at least three fourths of all those 
who have received relief at the almshouse, have been brought 
to this necessity by reason of intemperance, notwithstanding 
the unremitted efforts of the town to stay the devastations of 
this debasing vice, — this inexhaustible fountain of suffering and 
of crime. May God grant a safe deliverance from it, even 
though it should involve the total annihilation of all that intox- 
icates. 

TEMPERANCE. 

In the efforts that have been made to advance the cause of 
teniperatice, for the last forty years, Danvers has taken no mean 
position. During all this period, many of her best citizens have 
been actively cooperating with the best friends of the cause. 

As early as 1812, Samuel Holten, Benjamin Wadsworth, 
Edward Southwick, Fitch Poole, Caleb Oakes, and others, were 
pioneers in this enterprise. They dared to say, even then, 
when it was almost the universal practice to " take a little for 
the stomach's sake and often infirmities," that "the use of 



39 

intoxicating liquors, as a beverage, was an evil, and 071I1/ evil 
co7itimiallyy It is glorious to find these experienced, upright, 
and keen observers of human nature, putting forth the doctrine 
that total abstinence, from everything that intoxicates, is " the 
only sure guide," the only principle that can be depended upon. 
What the zealous friends of law (Massachusetts law, may I 
say?) have recently discovered, they seem. Xo have known by 
instinct. They preached temperance, and they practised what 
they preached. Without which, on any subject, preaching is 
" a tinkling cymbal," — an " empty show." 

Danvers was the first town that took action, in its corporate 
capacity, against licensing the retail of intoxicating Uquoi's. 
The motion, (to my certain knowledge,) was drafted in pencil, 
at the Village Church, and presented at the annual meeting, 
1835, by S. P. Fowler, Esq. To the credit of the town, its 
authorities have constantly adhered to the faith then promul- 
gated. Not so with all the authorities in towns around, — and 
hence has flowed misei'y and crime. Since 1835, there has 
annually been appointed a committee, to watch the progress of 
the cause, and to advance its success. What Maine now is to 
other states, Danvers has been to other towns, a beacon light on 
the eminence of Temperance. May its effulgence be strength- 
ened, until the path of duty shall be, as illuminated by the 
noonday siui. 

BUSINESS. FARMING. 

Attention to business has ever been a prominent trait in the 
character of the people of Danvers. For many years, the cul- 
tivation of the land was their chief employment. Throughout 
the early records, they are spoken of as the farmers, in contrast 
with those engaged in commercial pursuits, for which Salem 
has been eminent from the beginning. Among the farmers 
best known, will be found the names of Putnam, Preston, Proc- 
tor, Felton, and King. Their fields have exhibited samples of 
cultivation that will compare with any in the Commonwealth. 
They have stirred their soil deep, and aimed to understand the 
reason for so doing. The town affords every variety of soil, 



40 

from very strong to very shallow. The lands require much 
labor, and utn-cmittcd attention to the application of invigorating 
substances. As the population has increased, their labors have 
been concentrated ; and it would not be difficult to point out 
those who raise as much, and live as well, from the products of 
te7i acres, as did those before them from the products of 07ie 
hundred acres. I forbear to dilate. The story of their farm- 
ing has often been told, and can be better told elsewhere. 

TANNING. 

About one hundred years ago, friend Joseph South wick com- 
menced the business of tanning, in a few tubs or half hogs- 
heads. This business has since so expanded, that it now occu- 
pies as many thousand vats. It is the staple business of the 
place. For many years, it was carried on chiefly by Messrs. 
Southwick, Shove, Wallis, Sutton. Poole, and a few others, 
who made fortunes in attending to it. The hide and leather 
business, in all its modifications, has probably done more to 
advance the wealth and resources of the town, than any other ; 
especially when the manufactures, of which leather is the prin- 
cipal component part, are taken into view. The annual amount 
of these manufactures is estimated at not less than $2,000,000.* 

EARTHEN WARE. 

A class of coarse ware, knoAvn as Danvers crockery, has been 
coeval with the existence of the town. Forty years since, it 
was made much more extensively than of late. It is now 
thrown out of use by articles of more strength and beauty, pro- 
cured at less expense from abroad, — though for many purposes, 
it still finds favor with those accustomed to its use. The clay 
on the margin of Waters River has been found particularly well 
adapted to this manufacture. 

The Osborns and Southwicks have done more at this work 
than any families within my knowledge. William Osborn, the 
first of the name, was spoken of as di potter. His descendants, 

* See Appendix, for statistics of this business. 



41 

for four generations certainly, have shown their regard for their 
ancestor by sticking to his employment. 

OFFICIAL STATIONS. 

The right to participate in the making of the laws has ever 
been esteemed one of the choicest privileges of a citizen of New 
England. As early as 1634, the settlers here had become so 
numerous, that they felt the necessity of delegating their au- 
thority to representatives of their own choice. It was the jeal- 
ousy of the infringement of this right that moved our fathers to 
resist the oppressive taxation by the mother country, — and not 
the amoufit of tax imposed. It was the interference with this 
right by Lieut. Gov. Hutchinson, under the special instructions 
of " Georgius Secundus," at the time of the incorporation of 
the town, that specially aroused the indignation of the people 
of Danvers.* Thus early awakened, it would have been 
extraordinary indeed if the citizens had not, at all times, been 
careful to be represented by " good men and true," — by those 
understanding their duty, and ready to discharge it. 



* Lieut. Gov. Hutchinson entered upon the Records of the Council his pro- 
test against the act, as follows, viz. : — 

" I protest for the following reasons : 

" First. Because it is the professed design of the bill to give the inhabitantB 
who now join with the town of Salem in the choice of representatives, a power 
of choosing by themselves; and the number of which the house of representa- 
tives may at present consist being full large, the increase must have a tendency 
to retard the proceedings of the General Court, and to increase the burdens 
which, by their long session every year, lies upon the people, and must like- 
wise give the house an undue proportion to the board of the legislature, where 
many affairs are determined by a joint ballot of the two houses. 

" Second. Because there being no governor in the Province, it is most agree- 
able to his Majesty's commission to the late governor, to the message of this 
board to the house at the opening of the session, and in itself is most reasona- 
ble, that all matters of importance should be deferred until there be a governor 
in the chair. 

" Third. Because the board, by passing this bill as the second branch of the 
legislature, necessarily bring it before themselves as the first branch for assent 
or refusal ; and such members as vote for the bill in one capacity, must give 
their assent to it in the other, directly against the royal instruction to the gov- 
ernor, when the case is no degree necessary to the public interest ; otherwise, 
their doings will be inconsistent and absurd. Thos. Hutchinson. 

Covmidl Chamber^ June 9, 1757." 

* 6 / 



4S 



REPRESENTATIVES. 

Of those who have thus served the town, the following may 
be named, viz. : — 

Samuel Holten, Jr., 9 years, from 1768 to 1780 
Israel Hutchinson, 18 " '' 1777 to 1798 
Gideon Foster, 9 " '^ 1796 to 1806 

Samuel Page, 12 " " 1800 to 1814 

iVathan Felton, 15 " " 1805 to 1821 
rand many others, for periods of from 07ie to eight years. 

One remark naturally arises upon a view of this state of facts, 
■comparing the past with the present. Then, when a man had 
been in office long enough to acquire useful experience, he was 
continued, while he was willing to serve ; and deemed none 
the less qualified because he had done his duty a few years, 
with good ability. Now, when he has acquired this experience, 
he is kindly reminded that there are those who want his place ; 
that rotation is the grand democratic principle, without regard 
to qualification ; and if he does not voluntarily abandon the 
hope, the probability is, the people will give him leave to with- 
draw. 

SENATORS AND COUNCILLORS. 

In the Senate of the State, the town has often been repre- 
sented, and thereby been favored with a full share of the 
Honorahles. Instance the 

Hon. Samuel Holten, 

" Daniel P. King, 

" Jonathan Shove, 

" Elias Putnam, 

" Robert S. Daniels, 

" Henry Poor, 

" George Osborn, &c., 
varying in their terms of service from one to three years. 

In the Executive Council, the town has been represented 
by the Hon. Samuel Holten, 

" Israel Hutchinson, 
" Robert S. Daniels, &c. 



43 



JUSTICES. 

Of the County Courts, Hon. Timothy Pickering, Hon Sam- 
uel Holten, and John W. Proctor, have been Justices. 

Of the Court of Probate, Hon. Samuel Holten was for many 
years a Judge. 

Of the Supreme Judicial Court, Hon. Samuel Putnam was 
for many years an eminent Judge, as his well-digested legal 
opinions in the Reports bear testimony. 

Of Judges Holten and Putnam, it can in truth be said, what 
rarely is true with men in office, that they were more ready to 
leave their offices, than to have their offices leave them, — they 
having both voluntai'ily resigned, when their services were 
highly appreciated. Judge Putnam still lives, at the green old 
age of eighty-five, beloved and respected by all who know him. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 

In Congress, the voice of Danvers has been heard, through 
the representatives of the second district of the State, for about 
one eighth part of the time since the organization of the gov- 
ernment. 

Hon. Samuel Holten, 

" Nathan Reed, 

" Daniel P. King, 
have occupied this station. Mr. King was the immediate suc- 
cessor of the lamented Saltonstall, of Salem. Few, very few 
districts in our land can boast of representatives so unexcep- 
tionable in all those qualities that best become a man. They 
will long be remembered as stars of the first magnitude in the 
constellation of worthies from Essex South District. 

MUNICIPAL OFFICES. CLERKS. 

In the management of the concerns of the town, there is no 
duty of more responsibility than that which devolves upon the 
clerk. On the correctness of his record rests the tenure of 
office, and essentially depends the character and reputation of 
the town. 



44 

How else is he who caters for the intellectual part of the 
centenuial entertainments to be advised of facts? What is 
now learned of time past one hundred years can be come at 
through the records alone. What those present at the next 
centennial will be able to present, must be drawn mainly from 
the clerks' records. Nothing else will have a character to be 
relied on ; unless perchance some floating leaf of this day's 
doings shall chance to be preserved by some careful antiquarian. 

Fortunately the records of Danvers were commenced by 
Daniel Eppes, Jr., and kept for two years in a form highly 
exemplary. His chirography was plain, his knowledge of lan- 
guage good, so that he used the right loords in the right place, 
neither more nor less ; — a qualification not sufficiently regarded 
by many of those who have come after him : — among these, 



James Prince, 6 


years, 


Stephen Needham, 11 




Gidetm Foster, 4 




Joseph Osborne, Jr., 6 




Nathan Felton, 27 




Benjamin Jacobs, 6 




Joseph Shed, 17 




and others from one to three years. Joseph Shed, Esq., the 



present clerk, has greatly improved upon the records of his 
predecessors by his mode of indexing and filing of papers. 
There still remains much to be done to make the records intel- 
ligible, without the explanation of those who made them. Let 
any one experience the inconveniences I have met in ascer- 
taining facts that should be readily understood, and I will 
guarantee that he will not come to any other conclusion. A 
town like this should have their own office for all their papers, 
and all their papers arranged in systematic order, under the 
care and keeping of the clerk, — and not otherwise. 

MEDICAL PROFESSION. 

No educated physician, to my knowledge, resided in town 
previous to the separation. Female attendants were at com- 
mand, without doubt, in cases of emergency, which often 



45 

occurred, as the increase of population fully demonstrates. A 
Dr. Gregg is mentioned, as early as the year 1692, as being 
consulted in the diseases that then prevailed ; but where he 
resided I know not. 

Drs. Jonathan Prince, Archelaus Putnam, Samuel Holten, 
and Amos Putnam, are the first named physicians in the North 
Parish. Drs. Parker Cleveland, Joseph Osgood, and Joseph 
Torrey, are the first in the South Parish. All of these are 
believed to have been regularly educated physicians, of the old 
order. 

Other names have appeared, at different periods, such as Drs. 
Chickering, Nutting, Hildreth, Bowers, Carlton, Clapp, Cilley, 
Little, Peabody, Gould, Southwick, Porter, Bush, Patten, &c. ; 
but they did not remain long enough to leave any distinct im- 
pression of themselves or their practice. Within my memory, 
Drs. Andrew Nichols, 
George Osgood, 
Ebenezer Hunt, 
George Osborne, and 
Joseph Osgood, 
have been the medical advisers chiefly consulted. All of these 
are well experienced in their profession. 

Dr. James Putnam, son of Dr. Amos, accompanied his father 
many years. 

Dr. Joseph Shed, a pupil of the celebrated Dr. B. Kittridge, 
also practised several years. 

Drs. David A. Grosvenor, and Samuel A. Lord, have recently 
been added to the number of regular physicians. 

How many there are, or have been, who have rested their 
fame on the new-modeled notions of cold water applications, 
hot pepper mixtures, and infinitesimal divisions, I will not 
presume to say ; but I will say I have good reason to believe 
that prescriptions of nauseous di'ugs have essentially diminished, 
and probably will continue to do so as people grow more en- 
lightened. There is no science in which so little is certainly 
known as that of medicine. 



46 



LEGAL PROFESSION. 

I am not aware that any one ever attempted to live by the 
law, in Dan vers, previous to 1812; since then many have 
started here ; no one (except myself) has remained many years. 
The order of residence has been as follows, viz. : — 

Ralph H. French, 

Frederick Howes, 

Benjamin L. Ohver, Jr., 

George Lamson, 

John Walsh, 

John W. Proctor, 

Rnfus Choate, 

Joshua H. Ward, 

Frederick Morrill, 

William D. Northend, 

Alfred A. Abbott, 

Benjamin Tucker, 

Edward Lander, Jr., 

Benj. C. Perkins. 
No lawyer has ever died in town with his harness on ; and 
no one, to my knowledge, has ever realized a living income 
from professional business. It is a poorly paid employment, 
and not worth having by those who can find anything else to 
do. The proximity to Salem, where such men as Prescott, 
Story, Pickering, Saltonstall, Cummings, Merrill, Huntington, 
and Lord, have ever been ready to aid those in want of justice, 
has taken the cream from the dish of the professional gentlemen 
of Dan vers. 

AFRICAN SLAVERY. 

A glance at the last one hundred years of the history of the 
town, suggests a word upon the slavery of the African ; a 
topic that has agitated and still agitates our country to its centre. 
Do not fear that I am about to introduce party topics, for I am 
no partizan in this matter. True, I am opposed to slavery, 



47 

root and branch,- — as I presume every genuine son of New 
England is, — and am ready to do all that can be done to extir- 
pate it from the land, consistent with the preservation of indi- 
vidual rights, and the obligations to regard the constitution. 

At the time of the separation, there were, within the limits 
of the town, twenty-five slaves, — nine males, sixteen females. 
These became free by the abolition of slavery in the State, on 
the adoption of our constitution. Most of them remained, 
while they lived, in the service of their former owners. I am 
happy to know that some of them were valuable citizens, and 
left descendants much respected ; one of whom, Prince Former, 
son of Milo, slave of Mr. William Poole, lately deceased at 
Salem. Since the decease of these slaves, scarcely an individ- 
ual of this colored race has found a home in Danvcrs. I do 
not now know of any one in town. There are many citizens 
who say much about the rights of the oppressed African, and 
the wrongs they suffer, and profess great sympathy in their 
behalf. I have never known of any efforts of theirs to en- 
courage the residence of such persons among us. On the con- 
trary, I have known some of the most zealous to advise them 
to be off. 

In 1819, the town expressed a very decided opinion against 
the further extension of slavery, in a communication made to 
the Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, then representative from this dis- 
trict, in Congress, by a committee appointed for this purpose, 
consisting of Edward Southwick, and four others. 

In 1847, when considering the expediency of the Mexican 
war, a resolve, prepared by myself, was unanimously adopted, 
"that the town would not, in any manner, countenance any- 
thing that shall have a tendency to extend that most disgraceful 
feature of our institutions, — domestic slavery." These opinions, 
deliberately adopted, I believe, express the feelings of a very 
large proportion of the citizens, — in fact, nearly all those who 
had given attention to the subject. It cannot be doubted, the 
anti-slavery feeling is constantly increasing; and it would have 
been universal, had it not have been for the ill-advised move' 



48 

merits of some of its advocates. How can it be otherwise? 
Who will presume to contend "that man has a right to enslave 
his fellow man " ? The laws of nature and of God forbid it. 
This is an axiom too clear to be illustrated by argument. He 
who thinks otherwise, is unworthy the place of his birth. 
Freedom, unqualified freedom, shall ever be our watchword. 

BURIAL PLACES. 

The numerous burial places scattered over the surface of the 
town, amounting to more than one hundred, is a feature so pe- 
culiar as to demand a moment's notice. Almost every ancient 
family had a deposit for their dead, on their own farm. Nearly 
one half the families that were here one hundred years ago, 
have run out or removed from town. The consequence is that 
their premises have passed to other names, and the deposits for 
their dead to those "who knew them not." If there could be 
any certainty of continued title, burial among friends would be 
a delightful thought ; but when we arc constantly reminded that 
in the next generation the ashes of friends may be disturbed 
by the unfeeling operations of strangers, we are compelled to 
give preference to public over private cemeteries. 

Even these are not quite secure. A few years since, in mak- 
ing a street to Harmony Grove the remains of hundreds of cit- 
izens were disinterred in what was understood to be the oldest 
burial ground in Salem. One stone marked "R. B. 1640," was 
found, supposed to indicate the grave of Robert Buffum, a gen- 
tleman of that age. 

Near this, on Poole's Hill, is one of the oldest and most ex- 
tensive of the public cemeteries. Here rest the remains of 
Cook, Daland, and Goldthwait, patriots who fell at the Battle 
of Lexington, and of the reverend pastors. Holt and Walker, 
who alone, of the large number who have officiated as pastors 
in the South Parish, died with their harness on. 

But what more than anything else excites the curiosity of 
strangers is the burial place of Miss Elizabeth Whitman, the 
original of Eliza Wharton, immortalized by a lady, wife of a 



49 



••lergyman at Brighton, as the American Coquette. A constant 
pilgrimage to her grave has been performed until the path is 
firmly beaten, and the monument which is of freestone is nearly 
crumbled in ruins. Tradition speaks of this lady as possessing 
superior charms, both menial and personal. She was of good 
family, and basely betrayed. While her deviations from the 
path of virtue may start the tear of pity, her follies should not 
be overlooked. A misapplied sympathy for her, may be used 
as an apology by others. When we witness the manner in 
which the populace of our own times are led captive by the at- 
tractions of those not less exceptionable, it is not surprising that 
there should be found many a sympathizing devotee at the 
shrine of this unfortunate lady. Here on the banks of this 
beautiful stream that flows in our midst, will be found the earli- 
est and latest graves of Old Salem. Who that has followed 
the mournful hearse, laden with the last remains of friends be- 
loved, slowly winding its way over marsh and dale to this 
•' Harmonious Grove," will not involuntarily exclaim, 



" From every grave a thousand virtues rise, 
In shapes of mercy, charity and love, 
To walk the world and bless it. Of every tear 
That sorrowing mortals shed on these green graves 
Some good is born, some gentler nature comes ?" 



POPULATION. 

There is no certain data to ascertain the number of inhabit- 
ants in the town at the time of the separation. The number 
of persons named in the first assessment of taxes, is 280, which, 
multiplied by five, will give 1400. The number did not ex- 
ceed this ; it may not have been more than 1200. It has in- 
creased as follows, viz. : — 



1783, 


X'±UU, 

1921, 


1800, 


2643, 


1810, 


3127, 


1820, 


3646, 


1830, 


4228, 


1840, 


5020, 


g 





50 

1850, . . . 8110, 

1852, . . . 8400, 
being six times the number there were one hundred years be- 
fore. The number has actually doubled within the last twenty 
years, and is now going on, increasing as fast as at any other 
^>eriod. The improved facilities of communication have brought 
us within a half hour's time of the Capital. 

RAILROADS. 

For many years Danvers struggled hard for railroad accom- 
^iiiodation. She had to contend with the monied aristocracy of 
the Commonwealth. Through mistaken influences, the Eastern 
Railroad had been located across the water to East Boston, and 
through the tunnel at Salem, both of which were egregious 
errors ; and a determination was formed to constrain the travel 
in that direction, but it was found no go ; the people were not 
to be driven where they did not incline to go. Finally a land 
route was opened from Salem, through Danvers, to Boston ; 
which, if the people of Danvers had been wise enough to keep 
within their own control, as they should have done, would 
have greatly benefited them, and equally annoyed the Eastern 
Road ; but they were outwitted, and the boon escaped their 
grasp. Two other roads have been laid through the town, 
towards the Merrimack, where but one was needed. A million 
of .dollars has been laid out where half a million would have 
done better, if it had been judiciously expended. The conse- 
quence is, we have all the "noise and confusion" of railroad 
movement, with indifferent accommodations, under the direction 
of those who have hitherto shown very little disposition to 
accommodate. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Justice demands a more distinct notice of those individuals 
who have taken a prominent part in the concerns of the town, 
and been identified with it, than has been given in the rapid 
description of incidents presented. The characteristics of a 
town are necessarily the result of individual efforts. Among 



51 

those, who have left the deepest impress on its character, wilt 
be found 

Daniel Eppes, Esq., 
Capt. Samuel Gardner, 
Capt. John Proctor, 

Nathaniel Putnam, 

Joseph Putnam, 

Samuel Holten, 

William Shillaber, 

Gideon Foster, 

Israel Hutchinson, 
Dr. Amos Putnam, 

Nathan Felton, 

Edward Southwick, 

Samuel Page, 

Squiers Shove, 

Elias Putnam, 

Jonathan Shove, 

Daniel P. King. 
Of those who will be entitled to be remembered on the page 
of history, the following may be mentioned : — 
Gen. Israel Putnam, 
Gen. Gideon Foster, 
Gen. Moses Porter, 
Dr. Samuel Holten, 
Col. Israel Hutchinson, 
Dr. Amos Putnam, 
Rev. Peter Clark, 
Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, 
Col. Jeremiah Page, 
Capt. Samuel Page, 
Capt. Samuel Flint, 
Col. Enoch Putnam, 
Capt. Samuel Eppes, 
Hon. Timothy Pickering, 
Hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, 
Hon. Daniel P. King. 



52 

Of those good men who lived long and well, and were con- 
tent so to do, without any proclamation made of it, the follow- 
ing should not be overlooked : — 

Levi Preston, 

Caleb Oakes, 

Johnson Proctor, 

Eleazer Putnam, 

Fitch Poole, 

Ebenezer Shillaber, 

Stephen Needham, 

Samuel King, 

Malachi Felton, 

Ebenezer King, 

Moses Preston, 

Stephen Proctor. 

BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. GIDEON FOSTER. 

Identified with the town of Danvers will ever be the name 
of Gen. Gideon Foster. Born in 1749, and coming upon the 
stage of life just as the town came into being, he grew with 
Its growth, and continued nearly through its first century. His 
father was of Boxford. His mother was Lydia Goldthwait, a 
descendant of an early family in Danvers. 

At the beginning of the Revolution, then in the vigor of 
manhood, full of patriotic ardor and physical energy, he was 
called to scenes of trial and danger in the battles of Lexington 
and Bunker Hill, and there established a reputation for valor 
that was never tarnished. Often have I listened with admira- 
tion to the narrative of the eventful scenes through which he 
passed. 

On the morning of the 19th of April, 1775, he started, with 
the consent of Col. Pickering, commander of the regiment of 
Salem and vicinity, at the head of his company of minute-men ; 
and with such ardor did they move, that they passed on foot 
sixteen miles in four hours, to West Cambridge, where they 
met the enemy, on their return from Concord, near Lexington. 
Intent on the purpose in view, regardless of personal danger, 



53 

when they heard the troops approaching, unmindful of theii- 
number, they took their station in a barn-yard by the road-side, 
and when they were directly opposite, they poured into them 
an effectual fire. Immediately they withdrew, under the cover 
of the woods, behind the hill, and were there met by the flank 
guard, when seven of their number were shot dead, and as 
many more wounded. Their names are inscribed on yonder 
monument, and will continue to awaken the liveliest emotions 
of freedom, in the breasts of patriots of every land, while the 
granite of our hills shall endure. 

The facts relating to this engagement I had from Dennison 
Wallis and the General himself, together with the further fact, 
that he discharged his own musket at the enemy twelve times, 
loaded with two balls each time, with well-directed aim. And 
as he was remarkable for being a good shot, there can be no 
doubt he made his mark upon their ranks. 

For more than seventy years. Gen. Foster was one of the 
most active and influential citizens of the town. For the last 
thirty years, it was his ambition to be the Jirst to deposit his 
ballot, in all important elections. So unerring was his judg- 
ment, that he never failed to be the file leader of the majority, 
or wavered from the genuine Whig principles of '76. In his 
time, there was no doubt where Dajivers would be found. 
Since his departure, there have arisen those who knew not 
Gideon, and the result has occasionally corresponded with this 
want of knowledge. 

Gen. Foster will long be remembered for his pi'ivate as well 
as his public vii'tues. Tried in no small measure by the hard- 
ships of adversity, his innate integrity never yielded to tempta- 
tion. Through life, he sustained the character of an honest 
man. Who does not remember with admiration that venerable 
form, bending under the infirmities of more than ninety years, 
as he guided his plough upon his scanty acres, or harnessed his 
horse to attend upon the temple of the Lord ; and with what 
humility he bowed before the Deity, whom he so reverently 
worshipped ? 

His virtues will ever be enshrined in our hearts, though (to 



54 

our reproach be it spoken) no monument marks the resting- 
place of his ashes. His epitaph may now be supposed to read, 
Died Nov. 1, 1845, aged 96 1 years, — 

" By strangers honored and by strangers mourned." * 

BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. MOSES PORTER. 

Moses Porter was born at Danvers, in 1757. He was an 
officer in the artillery service, under General Putnam, at Bunker 
Hill, and particularly distinguished for the bravery with which 
he fought. He was with Washington at the battle of Brandy- 
wine, and wounded at Trenton, on the Delaware. At the close 
of the Revolutionary war, he was the only officer of artillery 
retained on the peace establishment. He was with General 
Wayne, at his celebrated engagement with the Indians in 1794. 
He was commander at the taking of Fort George, in 1813 ; — 
and in many other positions during the war on the Western 
frontier. He was a soldier, and a brave one ; — uniting in an 
extraordinary manner, the suaviter in modo with the fortiter in 
re. I have heard him say, whenever danger or difficulty was 
apprehended, he threw off his epaulette and plutne, and putting 
on his tight cap and sho7^t jacket, he wore them until all dis- 
turbing elements had passed away. 

At the begiiming of the war of 1812, he commanded at the 
port of Norfolk, and with such firmness were the enemy re- 
pulsed on their first visit, that they never found it convenient 
to call a second time. 

He was an upright, honorable man, of mien dignified and 
commanding ; a rigid disciplinarian ; a Washingtonian in senti- 
ment ; of unwavering courage ; uniting all the urbanities of the 
gentleman, with the inflexible firmness of the soldier. Danvers 
may be proud of furnishing, in Putnam and Porter, two as res- 

* Here let me say, that the same envelope that contained the donation from 
George Peabody, Esq., of London, of $20,000 for the promotion of education 
and morality among us, authorized me to subscribe, in behalf of the donor, 
the sura of fifty dollars towards a monument to the memory of the General, as 
soon as a corresponding sympathy shall be awakened in the bosoms of his 
fellow-townsmen. 



55 

olute soldiers as ever preceded Zachary Taylor or Winfield 
Scott in the service of their country. 

Gen. Porter died at Cambridge, April, 1822, aged 65. His 
remains rest in the family burial-ground at Danvers. 

SUMMARY VIEW. 

A summary view of the condition of the town of Danvers, at 
the close of the first century of its independent existence, shows 
the following facts, viz. : — 

Population, . . . . 8,110 
Yaluation, . . . |3,294,800 

Estimated Annual Payments, — 

For Religious Instruction, . . $10,000 

For support of Free Schools, . 10,000 

For support of the Poor, . . 5,000 

For ordinary Municipal purposes, 5,000 

I use round numbers, omitting fractions. A large part of the 
population are now engaged in mechanical and manufacturing 
pursuits. Many have recently come in, and can hardly be 
reckoned as permanent settlers. The facilities for employment 
are constantly enlarging ; and with the increasing facilities of 
intercourse through all parts of the country, and the continued 
industrial habits that have ever been the distinguishing charac- 
teristic of the town, imagination can hardly set bounds to the 
advances to be made.* 



* On the next page will be found a table explanatory of the finances of 
Danvers. 

Biographical sketches of most of those named on page 51, had been pre- 
pared ; but they are omitted, to give place to more interesting matters, that 
sprung up on the day of the celebration. 



56 



CONCLUDING REMARKS. 

Descendants of the pioneers at Danvers ! of Endicott. of 
Putnam, of Porter, of Preston, of Felton, of Waters, of Trask, 
of Osborn, and a host of others. Why have you come together 
this day ? Is it not to gain instruction from the contemplation 
of the deeds of your fathers ? 

Be animated by thevc patriotis?n ; — be purified hj their piety : 
— be admonished by their follies; — be encouraged by their 
industry ; — and in all things, wherein they were found worthy. 

Valuations and Assessments in Danvers, from 1827 to 1852. 



Year. 


Valuation. 


Per cent, of Town Tax. 


Assessment. 


1827 


$1,870,700 


.34 


$6,360 38 


1828 


2,017,600 


.32 


6,4.56 32 


1829 


2,087,350 


.32 


6,679 52 


1830 


2,033,500 


.44 


8,947 40 


1831 


2,181,700 


.31.8 


6,.581 78 


1832 


2,264,050 


.32 


7,244 96 


1833 


2,263,050 


.36 


8.146 98 


1834 


2,212,750 


.35.5 


7,855 26 


1835 


2,215,900 


.35.5 


7,866 44 


1836 


2,321,750 


.34.5 


8,010 04 


1837 


1,862,750 


.50 


9,313 75 


1838 


1,848,950 


.44 


8.135 38 


1839 


1,892.300 


.44 


8,326 12 


1840 


1,971,500 


.50 


9,857 50 


1841 


2,029,800 


.43 


8,728 14 


1842 


2,077,000 


.46 


9,554 20 


1843 


2,094,300 


.45 


9,404 35 


1844 


2,143,600 


.50 


10,718 00 


1845 


2,373,800 


.62 


14,717 56 


1846 


2,528,700 


.72 


18,406 64 


1847 


2,594,100 


.63 


16,342 83 


1848 


2,708,300 


.56 


15,166 48 


1849 


2,810,200 


.56 


15,737 12 


1850 


3,077,100 


.70 


21.539 70 


1851 


3,186,300 


.82 


26,127 66 


1852 


3,294,500 


.76 


25,038 20 



Thus it appears, while the property in town has not doubled, taxation has 
increased fourfold. It should also be remembered, that the highway, county, 
district, and religious taxes, usually amount to as much as the town tax. The 
amount of taxation in the town is not less than ten dollars annually on each 
thousand dollars of property. 

This table has been compiled with care, and will afford to the curious in- 
quirer the best possible index of the progress and the management of the 
concerns of the town. It should serve as an admonition to the citizens to keep 
their expenditures within their means ; — a lesson of late too little regarded. 



67 

strive to imitate their example. How can you better show 
yourselves worthy of your parentage ? 

Here, where once grew the hlueherry and the alder, and the 
frog and the tw^tle tuned their notes without annoyance, now 
spouts the steain engine, rolls the railroad car, and resounds the 
busy hum of itidustry of every description. Here the gushing 
fountains pour out resources inexhaustible through the tannin 
from the bark of the mountain. On the hills made fertile by 
the skill ; — on the plains enriched by the toils ; — on the mead- 
ows reclaimed by the art, of those who first landed on these 
forbidding shores, will ever be found rich mementos of their 
wisdom and their worth. 

Though, in your coffers, the pearls of the Indies, or the glit- 
tering sands of California, may not abound, still, while the 
unfaultering hearts and strong arms of freemeii are yours, no 
danger need be feared. The combined power of learning, 
liberty, and law, will be your cBgis of protection in every emer- 
gency. 

In conclusion, allov/ me to cite the following beautiful lines : — 

" There is a land, of every land the pride, 
Beloved of Heaven o'er all the world beside ; 
There is a spot of earth supremely blest, 
A dearer, sweeter spot, than all the rest. 

There woman reigns, — the mother, daughter, wife. 
Strews with fresh flowers the thorny paSi of life. 
Amidst her walks domestic duties meet, 
And fireside pleasures gambol at her feet. 

Where shall that land, that spot of earth, be found ? 
Art thou a man ? a patriot ? look around ! 
Oh thou shalt find, where'er thy footsteps roam, 
That land thy country, and that spot thy home." 



8 h 



58 



CONTENTS OF THE ADDRESS, 



Introductory Remarks, - 

Ancient Naumkeag, 

Name of Danvers, 

Grant of land to Capt. John Endicott, 
" " " to Rev. Samuel Skc-lton, 
" " " to John Humphrey, Esq., 
" " " to John Putnam and Sons, 
" " " to Emanuel Downing, 

Witchcraft Delusion, 

Revolutionary Incidents, - 

Battle of Lexington, 

Battle of Bunker HUl, - 

Heroes of the Revolution, 

Extraordinary Age of Soldiers, 

Religious Worship, 

Education, and Free Schools, 

Paupers, Support of, &c., 

Temperance movements, 

Business of the Town, 

Official Stations, - 

Medical Profession, 

Legal Profession, 

African Slavery, - 

Biu-ial Places, 

Population of the Town, 

Railroads, - 

Gideon Foster, notice of, 

Moses Porter, notice of, 

Financial Table, - 



:? 

5 

7 

9 

9 

11 

11 

12 to 19 

19 to 23 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 to 32 

32 to 36 

36 to 38 

38 to 39 

39 to 40 
41 to 44 
44 to 45 

46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
52 to 54 
54 to 55 
56 




JiKflTiaycrCosktliJiob-Uin 



c^itcU^^-^ J\'Ti4i.'C<f 



59 



DAN VERS: 
A POEM. 



BY ANDREW NICHOLS 



INTRODUCTION. 

Danvers, loved name, my native place, 

The dearest land on the broad face 

Of Earth, to me, — around thee cling 

Lov'd memories, — of these I sing ; 

Lov'd legends, which my youthful ear 

Drank vv'ith delight, — and here, yes Acre, 

I've tasted all the various svi^eets, 

Which man in his life's journey meets. 

Here too I've suffered, mourned, and shed 

The tears of grief, o'er loved ones dead. 

Committed to thy bosom lie 

All of the dearest that could die. 

And through their graves, I farthest see 

Into a blest futurity. 

O Danvers ! how can I forget 

A gem like thee so richly set, 

By all life's holiest powers enchas'd, 

And in my very heart encas'd. 

How can I then thy call refuse, 

The residence of ev'ry Muse, 

That has, with song, my pathway cheer'd, 

And doubly to my soul endear'd 

My home, sweet home, so full of charms, 

O how the thought with rapture warms ! 

Yes home, sweet home, I've never known, 

Except in Danvers, as my own. 



60 



Danvers, Danvers, proud am I, 
Who hold thee in esteem so high, 
On this Centennial Jubilee 

Thy Laureat and chief bard to be. 

Yes proud, tho' trembling now with fear, 

Lest I disgrace a theme so dear ; — 

Lest hands benumb'd by age and toil 

The sculpture of thy beauties spoil. 

And yet it seems so meet that they, 

Who in thy service have grown grey, — 

WhoVe loved thee longest, known thee well, 

Should on this daj'- thy story tell, — 

Tho' not to risks of failure blind 

1 dare essay the task assigned. 

L 

What need is there that Danvers' sons should roam ? 

Has the broad earth a good not found at home, 

By those who ne'er have wandered ? Still they go, 

On other lands their labors to bestow ! 

Yes, go, moved by benevolence to give 

To others more than they from them receive ! 

Well, let them go, the sons of other soils 

Fill well their places here, and take the spoils 

By them abandoned ! — cultivate her fields. 

And feast on dainties which old Danvers yields ! 

We bid right welcome to our homes and hearts 

All who bring here their industry and arts, — 

Rebuild waste places, or ope places new, 

Give zest to social life, good men and true. 

Who will the bounds of useful works extend, 

And act the parts of brother, helper, friend. 

None greet with purer joy this festive day 

Than these adopted citizens, who say 

' Danvers to us has proved a Mother dear ; 

' Life's richest banquet we have tasted here.' 

And ye, self-exiled children, who have come 
T' embrace your Mother in your dear old home, 
Welcome, once more, into her outstretched arms ; 
has she not for you still peerless charms ? 



61 



Say, have you elsewhere in your wanderings found, 
Of heartfelt joys a more productive ground ? 

II. 

What son of Danvers can unmov'd survey 

The scene before us, and the prospect round, 
The moving panorama, bright and gay, 

Forest and pasture, tillage and meadow ground, 
Houses and workshops, factories and barns, 

And an industrious people busy there ! 
Comfort and thrift the roving eye discerns. 

With peace and plenty nestling everywhere ; 
Railroads and steamers, which facilitate 
Progress in all that's pleasing, good, or great, 
Give to the people here ubiquity. 
Unknown in ages past, and set them free 
O'er a wide field of usefulness to roam — 
Work many miles abroad, yet live at home ; 

Schoolhouses, where the intellect acquires 
Strength to fight nobly the battles of life. 

Churches, soul-lifting to Heaven, whose spires 
Point to a rest from earth's sorrows and strife. 

Or if alone upon the landscape, we 

Bend all our thoughts, how beautiful and grand 
The varied prospects, various scenery. 

Of hill and dale, brooks, lakelets, sea and land ; 
Those large morains,* our mother's swelling breasts,- 

Full of refreshing springs of water sweet ; — 
Those fertile plains, yon broken rocks where rests 

Volcanic power — its ancient work complete — 
These, by the lights which science o'er them throws. 

Teach morals, wisdom, and ideal arts — 
As rich as fam'd Parnassus' mount bestows, 

Or classic realm to favored bards imparts ; 
Yes, Beauty here her countless forms displays. 

Her rainbow-tinted, glorious, changeful rays 
Present an everpleasing panorama, 

To recreate us thro' life's painful drama. 

* Hills formed by the diluvial drift. 



62 

To aid our moral culture 'round us here, 

The graves of honored ancestors appear, 
Scattered on every side o'er hill and dale, 

Telling, to thoughtful souls, a most instructive tale. 

III. 

The past returns, the present disappears, 

Old Time rolls backward nearly twelve score years } 

Dense forests fill these vales, those hill tops crown, 

Rills, brooks, and rivers send their waters down 

An unobstructed tribute to the sea, 

And wild herds graze on fertile hill and lea. 

Here lives the Indian, nature's savage child. 

Fierce as the panther, as the roebuck wild, 

Housed in wigwams, simple structures these — 

The frames are poles, or small straight sapling trees. 

In circles, or in squares, fixed in the ground, 

Their tops with strips of bark together bound ; 

With mats or bark well cover'd, tight and warm, 

Shelter'd by forest trees from sun and storm ; 

A bull-rush mat a side hole covers o'er, 

Which is at once a window and a door ; 

A central fire, by which their food they cook, 

And a top hole to give egress to smoke. 

Around this fire, when chilled by Winter's cold. 

In skins or blankets wrapp'd, the young and old 

Sleep, work or game ; feast, smoke, dance, paint or sing, 

Prepare to hunt or fight ; and hither bring 

The spoils ; here squaws, pappooses, guests repose. 

Warriors and captives all together doze. 

But many a wigwam now a ruin lies ; 

The yellow plague, which Powow's art defies. 

Has Massachusetts warriors swept away ; 

Their thousands down to hundreds are reduc'd ; 
Cold, cold, the ashes on their hearth-stones lay. 

Their bows unstrung, their traps and nets unus'd.* 

* In 1612-13, the Massachusetts Tribe of Indians, which had previously 
numbered 3000 warriors, was so reduced by the " yellow plague," that there- 
after it consisted of 300 men only, besides wwnen and children. — Gookin's 
Hiatoriccd Collections, 1654. 



63 



IV. 

I sing of ancient times, when sires of ours 

First sought a home upon these pleasant shores : 

So pleasant now, but when they first came here 

A howling wilderness, cold, dark and drear. 

O why did those, who had been bred in ease, 

Defy the dangers of uncharted seas, 

And throw themselves, and all they dearly prized. 

Upon a scheme so wild, so ill advised ? 

They had no home in England ; ruthless war 

On all their rights, which were worth living for. 

Had so reduced them to despotic thrall. 

That their free souls were all that they could call 

Their own. No home ! for unmolested, they 

Could not enjoy the privilege to pray 

Their God to bless them ; nor themselves employ 

In acts of worship, the soul's highest joy. 

Such as their conscience did of them require, 

And which alone could save them from the fire 

Unquenchable. No home ! tyrannic power 

Had plac'd its spies in their most private bower — 

No home ! the hearth which cheered their early years. 

Was desecrated then by blood and tears. 

And e'en their fathers' venerated graves 

Rebuked them with — ' How can our sons be slaves ? 

' It was in vain we shed our blood to free 

' The land from papal thrall and prelacy, 

' If you succumb beneath the galling chain 

' Imposed by upstart Popes, and prelates vain.' 

No ; 'twas a homeless, persecuted band. 

Who sought a home in this then savage land, 

A place of rest where they might sheltered be. 

Beneath their own dear vine, and fruitful tree. 

How trifling all the ills of outward life 

To inward conflicts, and the spirit's strife ! 

They felt this truth, 'tis not by bread alone 

Man lives and makes life's benefits his own ; 

But every word, each providence of God, 

Is to the soul its most nutritious food. 



64: 



Beneath God's seeming frown there ever lies 
A hidden good, which trusting souls may seize 
And find support. This well the pilgrims knew, 
Their history proves the cheering doctrine true ; 
And it proves also, that to earnest souls, 
In whom faith all their energies controls, 
God gives sure conquest. But conquest may be 
A blessing or a curse, may bind or free. 
God gives eternal principles, and then 
Leaves their employment to the choica of men. 
Good principles may be by men abused, 
Yes, faith in God in Satan's service used. 

V. 

Lo ! yonder bay is plough'd by unknown keels. 
Her parting water a new impulse feels ; 

Where heretofore nought save the light canoe 
Of Indian floated, or some raft of trees, 

A noble ship comes slowly on, her crew 
Right hardy children of the stormy seas. 

And numerous passengers now throng her deck ; 
With throbbing hearts and watery eyes survey 

The wood-crowned headlands, every creek inspect ; 
And look admiring 'round the spacious bay ! 

The cannon utters its terrific voice, — 
The wild beasts startled to their coverts flee. 

Echo returns their shouts, no other noise, — 
No human beings on the shores they see !* 

They land ; they settle, that is, houses build, — 
With battle axe, the forest trees assail ; — 

They plant in virgin soils, befoi'e untilled, 
Maintain close walk with God, their sins bewail, 

And sternly meet, with an unflinching mind. 
The evils of their lot, their enemies — 

Sickness, death, devils ; deeming them designed 
To try their faith, and make them strong and wise. 

Death decimates their ranks, disease consumes 
Their strength, but to their steady purpose true 

A letter from one of the first settlers states this fact. — Mass. Hist. Coll. 



65 



Their task postponed, returning strength resumes. 
Or other hands th' unfinished works renew ; 

So toilM and suffered our forefathers here. 

How all their hardships do their names endear, 
Or should endear to us, inheritors of all 

Their toil has purchased, or their valor won — 
Freedom from bigot's rule, from tyrant's thrall, 

The skill and power to conquer, or to shun, 
The dreaded evils that beset our race. 
Between the cradle and its resting place. 

VI. 

Our Puritan ancestors start from their graves, 

And lo ! now before us appear, 
As when, wafted over the Atlantic's waves, 

They planted a colony here. 

In separate groups the old emigrants come, 

In feelings and objects the same. 
To enjoy their religion, establish a home, 

God's laws re-enact and proclaim. 

So grave is their object, how can they be gay. 

Or give to frivolity place ? 
Pilgrims and strangers, not long here to stay, 

Their wealth and their staff is God's grace. 

For their God is to them a stern reality. 

Almighty to help in their need, 
Omniscient, their out and in goings to see ; 

Omnipresent, to teach, guard and lead. 

They too have a Devil most horribly great. 

To seduce, to deceive, and destroy ; 
Who, if not permitted to ruin the State, 

Could greatly disturb and annoy. 

Surrounded by heathen to bless or to kill, 
Their lives in their hands day and night, 

With musket, hoe, axe, they go out on their hill, 
To make clearings, plant, or to fight. 
9 i 



66 

With good Scripture language each tongue well supplied, 

Most effective, sound orators, they 
Think, teach, work, or fight, as they stand side by side. 

Always ready for deadly affray. 

Av'rice and bigotry too find a seat 

By the side of more liberal views ; 
For freedom of conscience death ready to meet, 

Yet the same boon to others refuse. 

Roger Williams from Salem is driven away, 

Mrs. Hutchinson smirch'd and defam'd ; 
Quakers and witches are hung ; woful day ! 

With sorrow remember'd and nam'd. 

Yet in spite of their blue laws, the lasses will eye 

Their beaux upon Sabbath and fast ; 
And beaux will exchange whh them glances the' sly, 

Which must make impressions to last. 

Till the blest consummation of oneness for life — 

Till death shall the smitten ones part, 
Till forgotten th' relation of husband and wife, 

All the long-cherished wealth of the heart ! 

In spite of stern synods, some people would think 
For themselves, and their notions proclaim ; 

Tho' warden or tythingman threaten or wink. 
And church canons at them should aim. 

Hence Quakers may hang. Anabaptists may flee ; 

But heresy's seed, widely sown. 
Will spring up and grow, aye, become quite a tree. 

Ere it to the watchmen be known. 

The Quakers, by martyrdom strengthened, sit down, 
Non-resistant in Brooksby,* resolved to enjoy 

Their rights God-defended, in this hostile town, 
The gospel of peace to proclaim, their employ. 

* An ancient name for South Danvere* 



67 



And Quakers among us are walking to-day, 

Who believe all-sufficient their old simple creed 

To live by and die by, and so they well may. 
For theirs is the Gospel of Jesus indeed. 

See Foster at college, commanded to write 

On the rite of Baptism a theme ; — 
The heretic-Baptists to turn to the right — 

From their baseless delusions redeem. 

The subject he studied, and straightway became 
A convert to dogmas he could not refute ; 

And doctrines believed in, he dared to proclaim, 
How little soever old friends it might suit. 

He preaeh'd them at home, and upon Skelton's Neck 
A church was soon gathered, which cherishes now 

The tenets he taught, and still holds in respect 
His name, — and his creed is their covenant vow. 

Still people would think, read their Bibles, embrace 
Other doctrines than those we have named ; 

Deacon Edmund,* with new-fangled views of God's grace, 
Universal salvation proclaim'd. 

It found little favor, his converts were few, 

When he with his forefathers slept. 
Still the seed he had sown died not, the plant grew, 

Reproduced till it thousands accept. 

Unitarians, Methodists, Catholics here, 

And comeouters, act, think as they please ; 

All of every name, who are pious, sincere. 
The reward win of piety, peace. 

Minds, morals improved by sectarian strife. 

Draw strength from the battle of creeds. 
Let all live together, embellishing life 

With the charm of beneficent deeds. 

* Edmund Putnam. 



68 



The Pilgrims, we know, were not always exempt 

From the vexatious promptings of sin ; 
They sometimes were angry, and looked with contempt 

On humanity's dictates within. 

In neighborhoods, feuds, I am sorry to say, 
Were sometimes long cherished by law ; 

Where rights oft contested, and tiresome delay. 
On purses did cruelly draw. 

And no less on morals, religion, and peace, 

Without which enjoyment is not ; 
When vengeful and angry emotions increase, 

Duty, piety, love are forgot. 

But let us not dwell on their errors ; 'tis well, 

If they teach us like errors to shun ; 
Let their virtues excite us to stand by the right — 

Guide our feet in their foot-prints to run. 

VII. 

The Puritan — there's in that name 
Much that must ever rev'rence claim 
Of all mankind — especially 
Of people struggling to be free. 
Bred amid scenes of cruel wrong. 
He grew pugnacious, firm and strong ; 
He was not yet entirely freed 
From his ancestral heathen creed, 
' That death in battle gains for all 
Admission into Odin's hall !' 
Hence heroes are, by honor's laws. 
Deemed saints, however bad the cause 
In which their bloody wreaths are gained. 
If by some sov'reign power sustained. 
Somewhat Judaical, too, he took, 
For his life's law, the Holy book, — 
But from it rules of conduct drew 
To suit his own peculiar view 



69 



Of duty, — ruthlessly pursued 

His enemies in bloody feud ; 

And such peculiarly deemed he 

Agents of his arch-enemy. 

Witches and wizards. — What, forgive ! 

Moses forbad that such should live. 

And such not doubting he had found 

Encumbering God's holy ground, 

He hung them up ; — an insane fury 

Possessing priest, judge, sheriff, jury ! 

And other crimes I need not name. 

Which mortal ne'er committed, came 

To be adjudicated here, 

And innocence with conscience clear, 

In some few cases, suffered on 

The gallows. Sad, most sad mistake. 

Which should be pondered well upon 

Until the gibbet, like the stake. 

Be banished — all machinery 

Life to destroy, be done away, 

And human life be valued far 

Too high to take by Jaw or war. 

Yet was the Puritan sincere. 

Truth was to him than life more dear. 

For truth, or what he thought was such, 

He «ould not sacrifice too much ; 

Ease, country, kindred, all were nought 

Compared with the high good he sought ; 

Hardship and danger evils light 

Compared with compromising right. 

And conscience by obedience to 

Whatever despots bid him do. 

Statesmen of ev'ry age, this trait 

Should study well and imitate. 

VIII. 

In olden times, the people here 
Were chiefly tillers of the ground, 

A calling to which most severe 
Labor attaches ; — but makes sound 



70 



The body, and it schools the mind 

In honest purposes, and where 
Men till their own lov'd lands, we find 

A noble yeomanry, who are 
The firmest pillars of the State, 

The purest patriots of the land, — 
The stronghold of religion, great 

In all that can respect command. 
Here plastic clay the j^otter turned 

To pitcher, dish, jug, pot, or pan. 
As in his kiln this ware was burned, 

So burned the patriot in the man 
Into persistent shape ; which no 

Turning could change back into dough ! 
It might be broken, ground to dust. 

But ne'er made ductile as at first. 
Here coopers wrought — housewrights a few. 

Tanners, who all were curriers too ; — 
Shoemakers, and some tailors, who. 

From house to house news-bearers went. 
Making, where'er they chanced to go, 

A joyous day ; for while intent 
On fitting small clothes, coat or shoe, 

Some thrilling tale they told unto 
Ears thirsting for the strange and true. 

The blacksmith's shop did oft dispense 
With iron wares, intelligence — 
Food, recreation for the mind, 
Which civilized, improved, refined. 
The mills, too, in those early times, 

Were schools, wherein much more was taught 
Than simply grinding corn ; — there minds 

Some clue to useful knowledge caught. 

Well, well do I remember when 
Our millers were distinguished men, — 
The honor'd Colonel Hutchinson, 
Foster, and Deacon Gideon,* 

Gen. Gideon Foster and Deacon Gideon Putnam, Esq. 



71 



Than whom this town, in worth or fame, 

Few nobler as her sons can claim, 

Oft serv'd their mills, as faithfully 

As elsewhere. Freedom^ Liberty. 

And did not boys, who weekly went 

To get their corn made meal, intent, 

Receive from millers such as these 

Impressions that would make them wise, — 

Whose influence would never cease 

To check false pride and save from vice ? 

The clergy, too, made reverend by 
Their office, and the dress they wore ; 

By band and surplice. O how high 
Above their flock these shepherds soar ! 

Yet preachers of humility. 

And humble too allowed to be ; 

Assuming dignity, that they 

Might wield a salutary sway, 

O'er minds forever prone to bow 

To rank, to pomp, to empty show ; 

To whom this truth is seldom known — 

" Where least of state, there most of love is shown/' 

Schoolmasters, too, were oft austere, 
They ruled by birch and not by love ; — 

Men of great courage, using fear 
As the chief instrument t' improve 

The minds and hearts of docile youth — 

To drive them to the Fane of Truth ! 

Fear, fear, which has in every age, 

From every stand-point on life's stage, 

From pulpit to primary school. 

Been used the multitude to rule, — 

At best is a debasing power 

Fitted the intellect to lower, 

Rather than elevate. The soul, 

Unless praise, courage, hope control 

Its destinies, must ever be 

Sinking in helpless misery. 



72 



O preacher, teacher ! 'tis by love 

God rules, in mercy rules above. 

More and more like him strive to be ; 

From every fear your pupils free. 

By love alone excite, persuade 

To duty, calling to thy aid 

Whatsoever things are true, 

Of good report, just, honest, pure. 

These with untiring industry pursue, 

Discard the rod, your scholars' love secure. 

IX. 

One hundred years ago, or more, I ween, 

Fashions, unlike the present here, were seen, — 

Less luxury in diet, habitude, and dress ; 

More industry, and nerve-ache vastly less ; 

Greater exposure to the sun and air, 

Fewer pale cheeks ; — consumptions far more rare. 

One hundred years ago, the spinning wheel, 

Hatchel and cards, the loom, the old clock reel, 

On which her daughters and the serving maid, 

From morn till night, far sweeter music made, 

To thrifty housewife's ears, than now proceeds 

From thrum'd pianos, and wind-fretted reeds, 

Vibrating, whistl'ing to the nervous touch 

Of amateur performers, overmuch 

Luxuriating in the lap of ease ; — 

Feasting on dainty sounds, — sweet melodies, 

Which neither fit the head or hand to wield, 

In life's great battle, either sword or shield ; 

But leave the helpless, enervated thing 

We call a lady, subject to the sting 

Of every puny insect that she meets ; — 

Robbing her life flowers of their choicest sweets. 

Music, however good, was ne'er designed 

To be the daily task of woman kind ; — 

To take the place of labor, which alone 

Can give the nerves a sound, right healthy tone ;— 

Can give the cheek the glowing tints of beauty, 

And fit the body for a mother's duty. 



73 



To some, 'tis true, rare faculties are given 

To lift, by song, th' enraptured soul to heaven ; 

Excite to love, soothe pain, or banish care, 

To fire the soul heroic deeds to dare : 

To such, let music be their daily food ; 

' Go, follovi' Nature,' is a maxim good. 

But, few can hope, by modulating wind. 

To make themselves resemble Jenny Lind ; 

Nor can the mass of lower crust, or upper, 

Expect by song to win their daily supper ; 

Which to win somehow, we must hold to be 

The very essence of morality. 

God ne'er intended that an idle hand 

Should waste the plenty of hard toil-till'd land. 

To eat the fruit of the well cultur'd tree. 

By others planted, and not truly be 

Planting for others, is a shame and sin, 

And no one guiltless is, who rests therein, 

X. 

Old Time rolls backward, we have said, and lo ! 
Danvers, as 'twas one hundred years ago. 
Appears before us. Let us walk around. 
And see what's doing on this well-lov'd ground. 
We, if you please, will first direct our steps 
Unto the mansion of 'Squire Daniel Eppes ; 
An old farm house, two seven-feet stories high, 

A lean-to on behind, a spacious chimney too, 
Which ten feet square at least must occupy ; 

A lesser space would never, never do ! 
A well-stock'd barn, and a good well near by, 
Which, with its curb, crotch, sweep, pole, bucket, all 
Is picturesque, and quite poetical. 
Near by is seen a winter-sweeting tree. 
Destined, in after-times, renowned to be 
Parent of apple orchards, widely fam'd, 
And for our town, the Danvers Sweeting nam'd. 
Here in armed chair, before a cheerful fire, 
Writing, or reading, sits the worthy 'Squire ; 
10 j 



74 



Beside him sits his consort, plump and fair, 

Sewing or knitting in her cushion'd chair — 

Tlieir comely daughter Mary carding tow, 

Large heaps of rolls her strength of muscle shows, 

And that her cards she has learn'd well to play. 

Good proof is given by her work to-day. 

The younger Daniel's robust consort too 

Is doing much, and still has much to do ; 

In every task she takes an ample share, 

Altho' the loom is her peculiar care. 

Obedient to her feet, her hands, her eyes. 

The treadles move, slaie swings, and shuttle flies ; 

The growing web beneath her magic sway, 

Strip'd, check'd or damask-draper'd, each day 

Gives joyous promise, to the inmates there. 

Of raiment fit, and good for them to wear 

On all occasions, through the coming year ; — 

Better than boughten stuffs, tho' not so dear. 

Her oldest son is winding quills, — one more 

Plays with the kitten on the chamber floor, — 

Now spins his top, now turns the swifts, or reel, — 

The busiest urchin of the commonweal. 

But now the day is closing upon all. 

One runs, obedient to her duty's call. 

To milk the cows ; another, o'er the fire 

Hangs the good kettle, sifts the yellow meal, 
And as the flame does lovingly aspire 

Around the cauldron, stirs the pudding well. 
Upon another trammel hangs a pot, 
Containing good bean porridge, piping hot. 
From which the 'Squire his ev'ning meal will make. 
In preference to the fare the others take. 
The second Daniel comes, all over tow, 

With the last bundle of well-swingled flax, 
His winter's hardest task accomplished now ; 

His face, to beam with gladness, nothing lacks 
Save a good washing, which is quickly done ; 
As quick, a change of raiment is put on ; 
And the Town Clerk of Danvers takes his chair 
And bowl of pudding, with a graceful air ;— 



75 

Pats his boys' heads, as they beside him stand, — 

Meets his wife's look of love with smile as bland, 

Greets his sweet sister, as, with busy broom. 

She sweeps the floor, and sets to rights the room ; 

Observes her nervous movement, and suspects 

That she some wooing visitor expects. 

Their evening meal is gratefully enjoyed — 

Around the table, busily employed. 

All hands are seated, and the book or pen, 

Sewing or knitting, is resumed again. 

A rap comes on the door ; — Lo 1 Mary's face 

Cover'd with blushes indicates a case 

Not yet develop'd. To the kind " Walk in,'''' 

Door opes — voice enters, " Mr. Eppes within ? 

I want to see him." Mr. Eppes goes out 

To see who 'tis, and what he's come about. 

There learns, by stammer'd words and bashful look, 

John Osborn wants to marry Mary Gook ; 

And that the banns should duly published be ; 

But, until published, kept most secretly. 

Another rap. Blushes again spread o'er 

Sweet Mary's face now deeper than before ; 

In, Mr. Proctor, a young neighbor, drest 

In Sunday-suit, comes as an evening guest, — 

Bows to the ladies, — shakes hands with the men, 

Says, "Spring-like weather's come," — and then 

Sits down, coughs chokingly — essays 

To speak, — hems, — awkwardness displays 

In posture, — sits uneasy, — answers slow 

Some questions asked him, — simply yes or no ; 

Until assur'd by meeting their kind looks, 

That he at least is among friendly folks. 

He talks of farmers' prospects,— sheep and kine,— 

Oxen and horses, — and prolific swine ; 

How best to plough his lands, and how manure,— 

How right good crops to cultivate, secure ; — 

Until the evening, wearing fast away. 

Suggests the question, how long will he stay ? 

But why does Mary silently retire, 

And in the best room kindle up a fire > 



76 



Now Proctor bids the family good-bye, — 

Meets Mary in the entry, but O why 

Goes he not out directly, but till late 

Holds with the buxom girl a tete-a-tete ? 

Experienced lovers might perhaps explain, 

How moulding into oneness are the twain, — 

A process by life's richest feelings blest, — 

Feelings, which cannot be by words exprest, — 

Or to the sagest human mind made known, 

Till by experience they shall be his own. 

No further then into their doings pry. 

Which are too sacred for the public eye. 

One word of caution only will I add 

To the pert damsel and the thoughtless lad. 

Indulge in no flirtations ; they destroy 

The power to relish life's most luscious joy ; 

Those only wedlock's highest bliss can know, 

Who on one object all their love bestow ; 

When once you've fix'd your choice, O never, never. 

Indulge the thought that you can change it ever. 

Hark, do I not a whisper'd murmur hear, — 

' O call you that a picture of the past ? 
' If so, it often has been copied here ; 

' I've known one like it made since April fast ! 
' Yonder the couple sit, who now are feeling 
' All the fresh rapture of young love's revealing.' 



XI. 



Next, to the Village Church let us repair, — 

A queer old sombre structure, nearly square. 

With a four-sided roof, surmounted by 

Its own epitome, a square belfry, 

In which a little bell, securely hung, 

Is by depending rope in broad aisle rung ; 

With " lime and hair," side walls are overspread, 

But there's no plaster'd canopy o'erhead ; 

There naked timbers meet the vagrant eye. 

And ornamental posts, in number four, 
Depending from the lofty tower on high, 

Point threat'ning downwards to the central floor 



77 



On one side of the aisle are seats for men, 

And on the other, seats and a sheep pen 

For good old women. There to warm their feet 

Was seen an article now obsolete, — 

A sort of basket tub of braided straw, 

Or husks, in which is placed a heated stone, 
Which does half-frozen limbs superbly thaw, 

And warm the marrow of the oldest bone ; 
Side galleries, too, there are for boys and men, 
And women young ; — a cock-loft negro pen, 
Where the degraded slave might sit and hear 
Truths, which the bondsman's sinking heart might cheer ; 
Beneath the pulpit is the deacons' seat. 
Where faces shine with piety replete ; — 
Reflect the lights, which from the pulpit fall, — 
Reflect and send them to the hearts of all. 
Good parson Clarke, in pulpit preaching there, 
Gives full two hours to sermon and to prayer ; 
And the long psalm, by lined-out couplets sung. 
The tune more model'd by the nose than tongue, 
Made a protracted meeting in cold weather, 
More penance-like than pastime altogether. 
The morning meeting o'er, good boys and men, 
Who cannot well go home and come again 
To worship in the afternoon, repair 
To Mrs. Cross', and eat luncheon there, 
Which they have bro't from home ; but buy and sip 
A mug of toddy or of well-spiced flip ; 
Some gingerbread or biscuit ; — thus they give 
Some compensation for what they receive, 
The room that holds them, and the fire that warms, — 
Cozy asylum, full of quiet charms. 
Here the long sermon well they criticise, — 
Discuss the various topics which comprise 
The lore of village farmers, — get the news, 
And useful knowledge seek, acquire, diflfuse. 
Albeit, rev'rence for the holy day 
Puts all light thoughts and vanities away. 
By girls and women too the noontime's spent 
At Mrs. Dempsy's, who is well content 



78 



To gather round her fire the shivering dames, 
For they bring with them what will feed its flames. 
Here as they pack away their bread and cheese, 
They give imprison'd thoughts a free release, — 
The current scandals of the day con o'er. 
Despatch the old, and manufacture more. 
The little bell now calls them in again, 
To shiver two hours moi'e in seat or pen ; 
Then some on foot go wallowing thro' the snow, 

Two on one horse, or many in a sleigh. 
To their dear homes ; whose firesides warmly glow. 

And supper waits ; there sanctify the day. 
And to confirm their faith in their own ism. 
Read Bible, Psalm-book, and the Catechism ; 
And thus secure a week's supply of good, 
Hard to digest, tough theologic food. 



XII. 

Another scene a gathering shows, 
Of people from some miles around ; 

Why, why are timber, boards and chips 
Strewn all about their meeting ground ? 

Why ? Do'n't you know that Mister Smith 
Has bidden them, to help him raise 

A new frame-house, in which he hopes 
To spend the remnant of his days .? 

And all have come, men, women, boys, — 
And, lo ! the timbers briskly move. 

And in the framework meet, embrace, 
United by compulsive love. ^ 

Once, twice, the merry raisers pause 
To take of drink each man his dole, — 

The work is all complete, except 
The putting on the ridge its pole. 



79 

This the workmen cannot lift ! 

' Send up a bottle filled with rum,'- 
They drink, — it operates a charm, — 

The timber to its place has come. 

And on that dizzy ridge-pole high 

Th' excited climber boldly sits, 
The bottle swings, and, 'mid hurrahs, 

Dashes that bottle all to bits ! 

While thus were occupied the men, 

The women have a table spread 
With cider, cold ham, fish and cheese. 

Doughnuts, baked beans, and good brown bread. 

All to this table now repair, 

And of this cold collation eat ; 
And story tellers, too, are there. 

To furnish forth a mental treat. 

Among them, witty parson Holt, 

With old Jo Smith, in stories vies ; 
The first deals in embellished truth, 

The latter, in romantic lies. 

A ring, a ring, — some wrestl'rs new 
Athletic skill, strength, prowess try, — 

Some run and jump, some dance and sing, 
And close the day right merrily. 

XIII. 

A husking. Heaps of gathered corn, 

Long rows of lads and lasses gay, 
Old men, boys, maids, gay or forlorn, 

Intent on mingling work and play. 

Sweet cider goes around, and flip 

Makes bright eyes sparkle brighter still, — 

The joke, loud laughter, and the song 
The scene with jocund noises fill. 



80 

A red car, got by roguish swain, 

Gives him the right to seize and kiss 

Each blushing maid, unless repulsed 
By smutty ear, or sturdy miss. 

The old men, garrulous, relate 

To youngsters, of old times a tale ; — 

Husks rustle, stalks and corn cobs crack, 
Mirth, love, and jollity prevail. 

The labor done, the festive board 

Is for the hungry buskers spread ; 
The supper o'er, the elders all 

Their well-known pathways homeward tread ; 

While the young folks on Pompey call, 

And gladly make a longer stay, 
The supper-room becomes a hall 

Well filled with spirits young and gay. 

Horsehair to catgut Pomp applies, 
And, grinning much, his iv'ry shows, 

With foot and body keeping time, — 
The dancing stream of pleasure flows. 

No grand cotillions brought from France, 
No waltz or polka then they knew ; 

But good old-fashioned jigs and reels 
They lustily could shuffle thro\ 

XIV. 

The spinning bee together calls 

Th' artificers of thread ; 
And a right merry time have they 

As they the pedals tread. 

The humming wheels, the merry chat, 

Songs, riddles, and what not .? 
Beguile the time, — till, flax all spun, 

The supper in is brought. 



81 

Then come the beaux and fiddler too, — 

A merry scene ensues, 
Which even into icy hearts 

Can warmth and love infuse. 

Then there is old election day, ^ 

To ev'ry child so dear, 
Which crowns the charms of flow'ry May, 

And gladdens half the year ! 

And can it be that scenes like these 
Will soon no more be known ? 

Years, actors, fashions, frolics, all 
Gone, gone, forever gone ! 

Well, other fashions, follies, fun 

These pastimes will replace. 
And triflers never lack the means 

To spend their day of grace. 

XV. 

On by-gone pastimes no more lines I waste, 

But to some biographic sketches haste 

Of sons of Danvers, known on history's page. 

Who've left their mark upon the passing age. 

Asking indulgence for omissions, while 

I in prosaic cataloguing style. 

Bring to remembrance a few honor'd names, 

Who have on us this day peculiar claims. 

John Endicott and his descendants brave. 
Some on the land, some on the rolling wave 
Of commerce borne, — in ev'ry useful art 
Have battled nobly, acted well their part. 

John Proctor, he who was for witchcraft hung, 
On this occasion must not go unsung ; 
Is it unnatural to suppose that he 
Was gifted with the gift of prophecy, 
11 k 



82 



As death approached ; and, lookhig down his line, 
Saw his descendants live, and life resign ; — 
Saw all that has transpired, or will transpire, 
In Salem, Danvers, till consumed by fire ; 
Or buried deep, 'neath mountains overthrown, 
All that now lives, or is, shall be unknown ? 
(Condemned in prison, on his pallet lying, 

The good man moaned, in agony of prayer, 
' Upon the gibbet must I soon be dying, 

' The felon's shame without his guilt to share ; 
' O God, why is it ?' Banishing the gloom 
Exceeding glory lighted up the room ; 
An angel stood before him, and a voice 
Cried, ' Fear not, mourn not, but be glad, rejoice, 
' That thou art worthy thus to have been tried, — 
' Worthy to die, as thy dear Saviour died, 
' In innocence, — rise, come with me, 
' Thou shalt God's goodness in the future see ; 
■' Deluded men thy body kill, — but shame 
■'■ Is theirs, not thine. To thee immortal fame 
•' Shall be accorded. Let thy conduct brave 
•' Check the delusion, and thy consort save. 
-' Yes, wife and offspring from the grave redeem, 
•' God a kind Father is, however stern he seem.' 
With these kind words he took me to the hill, 
Where soon I must my destiny fulfil ; 
And there the future opened to my view, 
[Proving that all his words were strictly true : 
Dark clouds of error slowly rolled away. 
And hill and dale in truth's bright sunlight lay. 
'I saw restored my desolated home. 
And to its cradle a new tenant come ; 
Who, by his little acts of filial love. 
Does from his mother's heart its wo remove. 
iFor, when it rises with o'erwhelming sway, 
That little prattler wiles her grief away ; — 
And when for me her scalding tears are poured, 
That little urchin smiles, and, peace restored. 
Is nestl'ing in her bosom ; — ne'er before 
Knew I an infant's. archangelic power. 



83 



Time flies ; — that wife lies buried by my side, 

Each son has to the altar led his bride ; 

They too have passed thro' scenes of joy and grief, 

And from life's cares have found in death relief. 

Their children's children, — a wide-spreading stream 

Of human life, have come and gone -, — a gleam 

Flitting in vision o'er my dazzled sight, 

Now less distinct, now full of life and light. 

One of majestic form among them all,* 

Of stoutest frame, and stalwart mind withal. 

Was formed, 'twould seem, armies to train and lead. 

In youth a soldier, — yet thro' life, indeed, 

A man of peace, in peaceful scenes employed ; 

A farmer's life he honored, and enjoyed 

To good old age ; — and when the " drop serene''' 

Shut from his ardent gaze each sunlight scene. 

Light still was on his mental vision poured. 

Thro' other mediums, and much knowledge stored 

Up in his mind ; a treasure, which may be 

Perhaps his solace through eternity. 

But other scenes and things before me pass. 

As in what seems a true prophetic glass — 

The anti -witchcraft people get the day, 

Send parson Parris and his imps away. 

I see and wonder, how for principle 

The ever-ruling concentrated will 

Of a few people, can and will maintain 

Their rights assailed, and greater freedom gain, 

From every effort made to put them down. 

By church or state, by mitre or by crown. 

With what great care they guard their precious State 

'Gainst French and Indians, — perils small or great ; 

'Gainst adverse tenets springing up to bind. 

In chains of error, the immortal mind ; — 

'Gainst Power-Prelatic, from which they had fled. 

And from whose scourge they yet have much to dread ;- 

'Gainst Power-Despotic, watching for its prey, 

And always ready to snatch rights away ; — 

* Johnson Proctor, who died November, 1851, aged 86. 



84 



Against each other's avarice and guile, 

Which can a brother cruelly despoil, — 

Yet 'mid these toils and pains, condition hard, 

'Gainst bear and panther, flocks and children guard ; 

Labor for bread, churches and schools to plant, 

Provide with foresight wise for every want ; 

Yet, 'mid these cares and constant labors, find 

Time t' improve the heart, to educate the mind, — 

To cherish social virtue, and make home 

A lodge, to which the holiest pleasures come ; — 

A temple, where their God may worshipped be. 

With pure devotion, without pageantry. • 

The followers of principle, they go 

Where'er it leads, be it through joy or woe. 

Their friends arc its friends, and as enemies 

They treat all, who that principle despise ; 

Be that despiser parent, wife, or son, 

They should be sacrificed, and it is done ! 

The friend, that yesterday was held most dear, 

To-day apostate, banished from their sphere. 

The crown of England, next to God adored. 

Is trod in dust, dishonored and abhorr'd ; 

Because that crown their principles assails, 

All its time-honored prestige naught avails. 

Without remorse, the glittering bauble spurned. 

Their hopes are now to a republic turned. 

And that republic, should it not secure 

The people's rights, must meet the people's wrath. 
Bits, freeborn spirits will not long endure, 

Tho' golden bribes strew thick the prescrib'd path ; 
Th' elected, who, to principles shall prove 
False, will not long retain th' electors' love ; 
Unless corrupted all the people be. 
Scorn must pursue the guilt of treachery, 
Nor cease pursuit, until, beneath a mound 
Of infamy, the traitor's corpse be bound ; 
The higher his great intellect may soar, 
Deeper he sinks, despised and hated more. 
So falls New England's once most honored son. 
The talented high-tory Hutchinson ; 



85 



So Arnold falls. Other bright names I see 
Paling their glory, — false to Liberty ! 
Brighter by contrast, Freedom's martyrs rise 
And shine as stars forever in the skies. 

InurM to war, and all its dire alarms, 

They worship, work and sleep upon their arms. 

Their foes to meet, in parley or in fray, 

To treat or fight, at all times ready they ; 

Believing God would all their efforts bless, 

Their deeds are mighty, and crown'd with success ; 

Wide-spreading as prophetic eye can see. 

Grows, GROWS the Empire of the Rich and Free. 

In all the wondrous movements I have named, 

For Danvers' sons an ample share is claimed 

First to resist their king in arms ; — lo, they 

Frighten his troops from their good town away. 

And when a second visit they propose. 

In arms, they Leslie at North Bridge oppose, — 

Beyond their borders meet the coming foes ; 

And when, upon that memorable day, 

When blood first flow'd in fratricidal fray 

At Lexington, among the first to meet 

And harass Britain's troops, on their retreat, 

Were Danvers hoys ; who sixteen miles had run 

To strike for freedom ; and 'twas bravely done. 

But of their number, seven never more 

Will fight their country's battles. In their gore 

Their bodies sleep, — their deathless spirits live, 

A sterner impulse to the war to give. 

In a momentous cause, — first sacrifice, — 

Their fame and influence with that cause shall rise 

And spread, till tyranny shall die. 

And all mankind enjoy true liberty. 

On ev'ry field where victory was won. 

The sons of Danvers stood by Washington, — 

In action and in suffering bravely bore 

Their part, until, the bloody struggle o'er, 

They home returned, to win, by arts of peace, 

Respect and honor, dignity and ease. 



86 



Danvers, perhaps, will long more noted be 

For thrift, strong arms, stout hearts, and industrj', 

Than for distinguished geniuses, who there 

First see the light, — first breathe the vital air ; 

Or for distinguished literary men. 

Who move the world by power of tongue or pen. 

Yet not entirely destitute of these. 

For artists, there the eye prophetic sees. 

Of whom their native town may proudly boast. 

Smith, Nichols, Poole. Of poets too a host, 

Whose gems not less effulgent are, I ween, 

Because they shine by the great world unseen. 

Nor shall the least of these miss his reward 

Because Fame's book may not his name record ; 

The orgasm and th' afflatus are his own. 

Although the pleasure be enjoyed alone ! 



One hundred sixty years pass quickly by, 
And a grand pageant meets the gladdened eye. 
Danvers a town a century complete, 
Her sons and daughters all have met to greet 
Their mother on her birth-day, hear her story, 
Count up her jewels and exalt her glory. 
Each form of costume of that hundred years 
Again upon some living bust appears ; 
And living beauties walk the streets arrayed 
In bridal robes for great-great-grandmas made. 

The ancient and the modern, side by side, 
Together walk, or in procession ride. 
The Arts and Artizans, in grand array, 

A cent'ry's changes and improvements show. 
The Fire department makes a great display. 

And sixteen Public Schools a grand tableaux. 
There fifteen hundred " huds of proinise^'' greet 
Admiring thousands ranged along the street. 
Five bands of martial music fill the air 
With melodies sweet, racy, rich and rare. 
Flags, pennons, wreaths of evergreen and flowers, 
O'erarch the streets and decorate car-bowers. 



87 



'Neath which some scene of other days is shown,— 
Some ancient fete to modern eyes made known ; 
Some olden workshop with its clumsy tools. 

Thus in strong contrast placed the old and new,- 
Modern and ancient teachers with their schools : 

Ancient and modern witchcraft-workers too. 

Now to the church the multitude repair, 

There listen to oration, hymns and prayer. 

Proud may I be, for I distinctly hear 

The voice of my descendant, loud and clear, 

Defending me, and dealing stunning blows 

On Cotton Mather, in heroic prose ! 

Now to the children's tent, a lovely show, 

The gaily-costumed, happy children go ; 

There drink iced water, eat fruit, pie or cake, 

Listen to cheering homilies, — partake 

Of all the joys of this great jubilee. 

By them the longest to remembered be. 

Next to a mammoth tent, — the festive board. 

With an abundance of good dishes stored. 

Moves the procession, and, all seated there, 

Discuss the viands, and delighted share 

The mental treat, which they, by speech and song, 

And music, to the sunset-hour prolong. 

No wine is used or needed, — water, now, 

Is all the wine that best carousals know, 

And festive scenes no longer end in rows. 

Or friends at parting bid farewell with blows. 

And for this great reform much praise is due 

To sons of Danvers, who, to duty true. 

Have bravely battled in the Temp'rance cause, 

By precept and th' enforcement of good laws. 



XVI. 

John Putnam and his sons before us stand,- 
A host to people and defend the land. 
Methinks I see the reverend patriarch now, 
Prophetic fire is burning on his brow. 



88 



He sees, as other seers see, 

Dimly, his great posterity. 

Out from his loins agoing forth 

To east, to west, to south, to north. 

In strength and beauty lands to till ; — 

To exercise mechanic skill ; — 

Shine in the senate, — bravely wield 

Their weapons on the battle field ; — 

Benches of justice fill with fame. 

In pulpits win a rev'rend name ; « 

In med'cine and its kindred arts 

To act right skilfully their parts, — 

In commerce, on the mighty deep, — 

Command her ships, her treasures keep. 

In short, wherever enterprise 

Seeks wealth or wisdom, Putnams rise ; 

Among competitors contend 

For honors, wealth, or man's chief end. 

Here now flowers, leaves, and fruit we see 

Abundant on the Putnam tree ; 

And so prehensile are its branches grown, 

They make the fruit of other trees their own. 

Yes, circulating now through Putnam veins, 

Is all the blood of Holten that remains. 

And yet my muse would not presume to say, 

To other stocks it does no tribute pay. 

Indeed, it has been known to soften Flint, 

To harden into Stone, and by the dint 

Of vital chemistry to give Goodale 

A spicy flavor, and on Towns entail 

A host to be supported. Turn to Page, 

And write its history on the passing age ; 

Or change to Cole, to Black, to White, 

To Brown, to Green, or glad the house of Knight. 

And to it humbler names may doubtless trace 

Some great improvement in their lineal race. 

Rich Putnam blood is in the market still. 

Look round, young friends, and purchase it who will ! 

Next to the Putnam, lo, the Osborn tree 

Lifts high its branches, spreads its foliage free. 



89 



Deep-rooted in the soil of Danvers, — long, 

Long may it grow, more graceful, branching, strong. 

In every public deed, or town affair, 

Osborns have figured in for a full share. 

To acts of which we now most proudly feel, 

They gave their labor, set their hands' seal, — 

For the good things around us clustering now. 

Much we to them and others like them owe. 

But 'tis, perhaps, impossible to say, 

Of many Osborns, which one, on this day, 

Deserves our highest eulogy ; for none 

Is high above his fellows seen alone. 

XVII. 

Of Danvers-born, no one in lucky hour, 
Ere reached so high a pinnacle of power, 
As Doctor Holten. None so long and well 
His country served. Of none our annals tell 
So rich a story ; none has carved his name 
So high upon the monument of Fame. 
'Twas not so much to a superior mind. 
As 'twas to manners affable and kind, — 
A heart from which the milk of kindness gushed, 
A love, which all the evil passions hushed, — 
A reverence for religion, and the laws 
Of liberty, fraternity, — because 
He made all others in his presence feel 
Themselves respected and respectable ; — 
Because he seemed to all their frailties blind, 
To love and rev'rence all of human kind, — 
That we ascribe his honors. Such a life 
Of quiet glory in an age of strife, — 
The peaceable supporter of a host. 
Whose daring battles are our country's boast, 
Is worth our study. Eloquence profound. 
Persuasive, silent, in which thoughts abound, 
Although unspoken, — eloquence of looks 
Was his. Of wisdom he lived many books. 
But none he wrote ; nor has he left behind 
A printed picture of his active mind. 
12 I 



90 



He no descendants left his name to bear. 

Where are our Holtens ? Echo answers, where ? 

Here let us pause, and one short moment dwell 
Upon the honored name of John Kettell ; 
A father of the town, — a father too 

Of the shoe manufacture, — music's son, — 
The village chorister, — to nature true 

He touched a chord in others' hearts, that won 
Applause and honor. He left sons, but they 
'Shone bright a little while, then passed away. 
And of their children only one remains, 
To whom the sire's cognomen still pertains. 
Cases like these prove the old saying true, 
" Shadows we are and shadows we pursue." 
The like of us, perhaps, may soon be said, 
All our most cherished hopes and longings dead ! 

Of Captain Page much might be said in praise. 
The patriot-valor of his early days, — 
His industry and enterprise, — a life 
With all domestic, social virtues rife ; 
So full of deeds by every heart approved. 
Can be remembered only to be loved. 

Of Caleb Oakes, it may be truly said. 
No better man lies with our honored dead. 
A widow's son, — sole architect was he 

Of his own fortune, character and fame. 
As the reward of honest industry. 

To him, unsought, wealth and its influence came : 
And these were valued only for the power 

They gave, to aid some useful enterprise, — 
To save from want and sin the suff'ring poor, 

Or say, to downcast and despairing souls, ' Arise, 
' Battle again for all the goods of life, 
' Up boldly ! be a hero in the strife.' 
He of religion no profession made, 
But liv'd the thing, and gave material aid 
Its ministrations to extend, where'er 
They needed were to edify and cheer ; 



91 

Without regard to Shibboleths of sect, 
Treating all modes of faith with due respect. 

His Son, a genius rare, eccentric, — blest 

Or cursed with nerves, which never let him rest ; 

But urged him onward with resistless force, • 

In a high moral, scientific course. 

Lover of Nature, in her every phase. 

She veiled no beauties from his searching gaze. 

Air, ocean, earth, with teeming wonders fraught, 

Rich treasures to his mind unceasing brought. 

Alike the winter stern, or blushing spring, — 

The summer's heat, or autumn's offering ; 

Long as New England's Flora clothes her fields. 

Or the White Mountains choicest blossoms yields ; 

Or the Idaean vine its berries bear,* 

Or robes of gold our hills in July wear ; 

Long as, on ocean's strand, the pearly shells 

Reveal the depths, where unseen beauty dwells ; — 

So long shall William Oakes' remembered name 

Honor his birthplace by his world-wide fame. 

The Flints, surcharged with manhood's 'lectric fire, 
Have done good service to the state and town, — 
Struck the hot spark, and bid the flame aspire. 

Which burnt the cords, which bound us to the crown 
Of England, — gave us courage to be free, 
To struggle for and win our Liberty, 
For this, a Flint pour'd out his precious blood, 
Which went to swell Stillwater's crimson'd flood. 
Nor will we fail another Fiint to name. 
Who, as shipmaster, won both wealth and fame ; 

* An allusion to his discovery of the Vaccinium Vitis Idsea in Danvers, a 
rare plant in Massachusetts. 

A letter from the White Mountains, the present season, notices Wm. Oakes 
as follows : — " One of the most singular and mysterious spectacles is Grand 
Golf, or, as it is now called, Oakes' Gulf. It is named for the late William 
Oakes, the Botanist. Wherever a rare flower blossoms in the whole range of 
this mountainous country, from Alton Bay to Cherry Pond and Israel's River, 
the name of Wm. Oakes is familiarly spoken. His old guide showed me 
where he used to collect his mosses and lichens, and all his Alpine specimens 
of plants, in preparing a Flora of Alpine species — specimens so intrinsically 
valuable to his own exhaustless thirst for botanical discoveries, which were n« 
where else to be found in any place nearer than Greenland." 



92 



Who, being captur'd by French picaroon, 
Retook his ship, and brought her home alone ; — 
In later life bade farewell to the seas, 
And spent his days in dignity and ease. 
With dearest objects, and affections warm. 
Within the bounds of his lov'd, well-till'd farm. 
Or as a legislator, neighbor, friend, 
His life devoted to life's noblest end, — 
An end, which peace and consolation brings 

To dying men, and peacefully he died, — 
Leaving his blood to run in veins of Kings, 

Extinct and lost to every name beside. 

Th3 name of Felton, too, by many here, 
In reminiscence must be held most dear. 
One, our Town Clerk for twenty-eight full years, 

A Selectman as long, — and for fifteen, 
A Representative, — among compeers 

Highly respected, must have been, I ween, 
Worthy a place in our centennial song. 

Worthy a place in hearts, that well him knew, 
For friends ne'er met him but he kept them long. 

For his was humor, wit, and wisdom too. 
His manners gentle, his affections strong, 

In Nature's quiet gifts surpassed by few. • 

XVIII. 

To paint the elder or the younger Shove, 

As seen in life among us, is above 

My skill artistic ; much, yes, much I fear 

My charcoal sketch preposterous appear. 

The elder sits, as oft he sat of yore. 

Upon the step or threshold of his door, 

Watching each stranger passing through the street ; 

Whom he with nod or fitting phrase would greet : 

" How art thou, friend ? Methinks I've seen thy face 

Somewhere before, but can't recall the place — 

Where from ?" " From Leicester." " Leicester ? let me see. 

I know some people there, — one Magery." 



93 



" Yes, sir, I know him well." " How does he speed 

In business now ?" " I do not know, indeed ; — 

Some say he's getting rich, and others say, 

They guess he'll fail yet, some unlucky day." 

" Well, if he fails, I think my debt secure ; 

If not, I know well how to make it sure. 

What brings thee hither ? some old friends to see ? 

Or other business ? May be, I might be 

Of service to thee." " Paper, sir, I sell." 

"I'd like to see thy paper, friend, right well." 

" Here, look at this, — 'tis twenty cents a quire. 

A discount by the ream, — the price was higher ; 

'Tis foolscap, the best quality, trimm'd neat." 

" Yes, yes — but I prefer a wider sheet, 

So that in one straight line write this I may, 

For received value, promise I to pay 

Squires Shove — yet, I will try to make it do, 

If thee'll take leather for a ream or two." 

" I want no leather." " Well, then, thee may go ; — 

Thee lives in Leicester — Leicester, let me see, 

What party rules there V " Pure democracy." 

" Calls thee that stinking party, pure .'* Farewell — 

The next election we will whip thee well." 

Here comes a man whose note has long been due, 

Who gladly would have shunn'd this interview, 

But dared not do it. " Well^ friend, come to pay 

That little note ?" " I cannot, sir, to-day." 

" Pm sorry for thee. What the plague dost thou 

Do with thy money ? Can thee tell me how 

Thee spends it ?" " 'Tis but little money that I get, 

I've made some losses, been unfortunate ; 

Money comes slow to single-handed labor : 

Oh, how I wish ten thousand dollars mine." 

" I wish they ivere, Pd like to he thy neighbor.^'' 

A great debater he in politics ; — 

Could meet and foil an adversary's tricks 

By tactics most peculiarly his own. 

He couch'd severest satire in a tone 

So mild, that words of harshest import were 

But the melodious whisperings of air. 



94 



Once, overmatched by him in argument, 

A kid-glove politician, to affront 

Him, said, " You are a tanner, I believe," — 

" Y-e-s — hut can curry, too, as you perceive.^^ 

As a Mend faithful , as a neighbor kind. 

Parent indulgent, in charities behind 

None of his times. His garb, sectarian, sat 

Loosely about him, and his broad-brimm'd hat 

Assum'd a figure, which the more precise 

Might deem discordant with the Quaker guise. 

Such was the father, but his nobler Son, 

Who higher honors, but less money won, — 

Whose service, purse, great heart, and faithful hand, 

Were ever at a needy friend's command ; 

Of social life, the ornament and soul, — 

A man, indeed, in every station whole ; — 

How shall I paint him ? Wise, astute, sincere, 

And yet not faultless. Who is faultless here .'' 

Frailties he may have had, — a little pride, — 

" But e'en his failings leaned to virtue's side ;" — 

A manly beauty his, in form and face, — 

Most winning in his manners, full of grace, — 

In all his movements, gentleness and love 

Mark'd the demeanor of the younger Shove.* 



XIX. 

A jocose set of worthy men, 

In good old times, at Skelton's Neck 

Were ready for a frolic when- 
Ever to fun they could direct 

Their joint observance. Captain Page, 
A Pindar, Fowler, Cheever, and 

Others who were their peers in age 

Always right ready to engage 

In every good word, work, or sport ; — 

The fathers they of Danvers-port. 

* Hon. Jonathan Shove, who died Sept. 4, 1847, aged 54, in the meridian of 
life and usefulness, universally lamented. 



95 



Long, long naay their descendants be 
Worthy their names and ancestry. 
Here, too, th' eccentric Skidmore dwelt, 

Whose ready wit, keen, unrefined, 
Was sure to hit its mark, be felt, 

And leave its tickling sting behind. 
A true comedian genius, who, 

Had he been trained to walk the stage, 
With habits all comedian too. 

He'd been the Matthews of his age. 
His power is not exhausted yet. 

For often, now, the laugh will rise 
Excited by old Skidmore's wit. 

Recited from old memories. 
A patriot, too, his drum he beat 

In three wars at his country's call. 
Beating the onset, not retreat. 

He came victorious out of all. 

XX. 

Among the living, — and long may he live 

T' acquire the means most lib'rally to give 

Impulse to objects noble as his soul, 

And to exert o'er great events control 

Such as is given but to very few 

Of human kind, — is one we knew, 

A native Danvers school-boy, — need I name 

George Peabody, a London banker ; — fame. 

Wealth, power are his, — yet, lov'd and honor'd more 

For just discrimination in the use 
And application of his ample store, 

Than for its vastness. Gather and diffuse — 
His motto. Unto him, we trust, 'tis given 
To show how rich men may get into heaven. 
***** 

Here in our midst we have our honored Poor, 
And Blacks, that often are preferr'd before 
The Whites. Although good democrats we are, 
Kings, Princes, Lords, our civic honors share. 



96 



Of Kings, witli deep emotion one I name, 
Dear, dear to ev'ry heart his worth and fame, 
Daniel P. King, — who now among us here 
Does not to grace this jubilee appear. 
Though we as yet can hardly realize 
His spirit gone to mansions in'the skies, 
Ne'er to return to earth, — to longer fill 
The place assigned him by the people's will. 
To him, this day, no monument we raise, — 
Silence and tears now best express our praise. 
The recent lost shall long remembered be. 
And better eulogized next century ! 

Next century ! O'erwhelming thought ! O where 

Shall all be then, who now are active here } 

And what will Danvers be ? — a city ? — or 

A town destroyed by earthquake, vice, or war.? — 

God only knows. Enough for us to know 

That virtue leads to peace, and vice to woe, — 

That sloth and dissipation steal away 

A people's strength, and bring on sure decay, — 

While industry, sobriety and lore. 

Save and augment, of all good things, the store. 



Let every generation strive to be 

Greater and better than their fathers were ; 
So make and educate posterity. 

That they more nobly live — more bravely dare — 
Shrink from no duty — fear no tyrant's nod — 
And offer purer worship to their God. 
So shall improvement in all useful arts, — 
In whatsoe'er to human souls imparts 
Wisdom, strength, beauty, — onward, upward move, 
Till all be rapt in everlasting love. 



DANVERS CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. 



The One Hundredth Anniversary of the Separation of Danvers from 
Salem, and its existence as a distinct Municipal Corporation, was cele- 
brated by the citizens, in a spirited and patriotic manner, on Wednes- 
day, the 16th day of June, 1852, under the direction of a committee 
of arrangements, appointed by the town at a legal meeting holden at 
Granite Hall on Monday, the 22d day of September, 1851. 

At this meeting, the subject of celebrating the one hundredth anni- 
versary of the separation of the town of Danvers from Salem being 
under consideration, it was 

Voted, That a committee of nineteen, — five to be selected at large 
and one from each school district, — be chosen, with full authority to 
make such arrangements, and adopt such measures, in behalf of the 
town, as in their judgment shall be most appropriate to the occasion. 

COMMITTEE AT LARGE. 

FiTcii Poole, Ebei^ezer Hunt, 

Andrew Nichols, John W. Proctor, 

Rev. Milton P. Braman. 

FROM THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS. 
No. 1. Robert S. Daniels. No. 8. Sam'l Brown, Jr. 

Joseph Brown, 
10. Leonard Cross. 
Francis Baker. 
Miles Osborn. 
John Page. 
Gilbert Tapley. 
A sum of money, not to exceed five hundred dollars, was subse- 
quently voted by the town, to be applied by the committee to the 
objects of the proposed celebration. 

The committee appointed Dr. S. A. LORD, Chief Marshal of the 
day, who selected for his Aids, Messrs. Augustus Towne and John 
B. Peabody. 

The day was oppressively hot, but the rain of the preceding day 
had laid the dust, and the air was bland and clear. From an early 
hour in the morning, vehicles of all descriptions were pouring in from 
the neighboring towns, crowded with men, women and children, while 
each train of cars brought in its myriads ; and by the time the pro- 
cession began to move, the spacious avenues were lined by a moving 
multitude of happy people, and the windows of the dwellings radiant 
with beaming eyes and smiling faces. 
13 m 



1. 


Robert S. Daniels. No. 8. 


2. 


Samuel P. Fowler. 


' 9. 


3. 


Aaron Putnam. 


" 10. 


4. 


Albert G. Bradstreet. 


' 11. 


5. 


Nathaniel Pope. 


" 12. 


6. 


Moses Preston. 


" 13. 


7. 


Francis Phelps. 


" 14. 



98 

The route of the procession was ornamented by flags of all nations, 
streamers, triumphal arches, bearing inscriptions, and decorated with 
evergreens and flowers. The Lexington Battle Monument was hand- 
somely ornamented, and numerous houses displayed chaste decorations. 
Just at the dividing line between Salem and Danvers, a lamb was 
placed over the doors of W. Sutton's and F. Poole's stores on either 
side of the street, one representing Danvers and the other Salem. 
Salem asks Danvers — " How old are you my child ?" Danvers re- 
plies — " Only one hundred years, mamma." Danvers asks Salem — > 
"Will you please to come to my birthday party?" Salem replies — 
" With the greatest pleasure, my dear." The streets along the route 
of the procession were crowded with delighted spectators, who, during 
the whole morning, had been pouring in from other towns to witness 
tthe celebration. 

The procession was formed about 10 o'clock, and proved to be the 
great feature of the occasion. When put in motion it was nearly a 
mile and a half lo7ig, and embraced in its various divisions a most 
interesting, graphic, and truthful portraiture of the manners and cus- 
toms of their ancestors ; and by way of contrast, a I'epresentation of 
the progress and resources of the town at the present day. 

First in order came the escort, consisting of the Salem Mechanic 
Light Infantry, with the Salem Brass Band, under command of Capt. 
White. This corps came out with full ranks, and presented a fine 
military appearance. The Salem Light Infantry politely furnished a 
color guard for the occasion. 

The Danvers Fire Department next followed, a noble body of men, 
nearly four hundred strong, in gay uniforms, and with two full bands 
■of music. The Chief Engineer of the Department acted as Chief 
Marshal, assisted by two of the Fire wards as Aids, and fourteen 
mounted Marshals, appointed by the several companies. 

John V. Stevens, Chief Marshal. 

Stephen Osborn, Jr., ) .., 
n r« n } Aids. 

Edwin t. Putnam, ) 

Engine No. 2. Moses Chapman, Charles Ingals. 

" " 3. Henry Bushby, Jr., Alfred Ward. 

" " 4. Edward Blanchard, Samuel Knight. 

" " 5. Charles A. Dearborn, Dennison W. Osborn. 

" " 6. Samuel Staples, Nathan Shaw, Jr. 

" " 7. Daniel J. Preston, Samuel Welch. 

" " 8. Robert Daniels Jr., William Sutton, Jr. 

First in order came " General Scott," No. 2, of Tapleyville ; this 
■company was dressed in fire hats, plaided sacks, and black pants, and • 
mustered forty-eight, under command of Capt. Calvin Upton. Their 
■" machine " was drawn by six black horses, and was tastefully deco- 
rated. Next came " Torrent " No. 3, Capt. Philip L. Osborn, forty- 
five men ; uniform, red shirt, white pants with black bottoms ; this 
engine was drawn by three bay horses, and appeared to advantage. 
" General Putnam," No. 4, of Danvers Plains, Capt. Allen, followed ; 
they mustered forty men, and were attired in plaided frock and black 



99 

pants ; they carried a banner, on which was " General Putnam. 
I NEVER SURRENDER." This engine also appeared well. Bond's Cornet 
Band, of Boston, came next in order. "Eagle," No. 5, Capt. W. S. 
Osborn, followed, and appeared with forty-three men, dressed in taste- 
ful and neat white jackets, trimmed with red, and black pants; their 
engine was drawn by four splendid cream-colored horses, and the 
engine was beautifully decorated. "Ocean," No. 6, of Dauvers Port, 
Capt. Welch, came next, and had thirty-five men in the ranks, dressed 
in white shirts, black pants, and Kossuth hats ; this engine was drawn 
by two roan horses. " General Foster," No. 7, Capt. Calvin Pierce, 
came next, mustering thirty-one men, attired in red jackets and black 
pants; this company carried a banner, splendidly painted, in front 
representing the great fire in the square, and on the reverse, "General 
Foster Engine Company, No. 7, 1849." This engine was drawn by 
three gray horses, and on the " tub" was a portrait of the old General, 
whose name the engine bears. By some misunderstanding this com- 
pany did not go the entire route of the procession. Next came Felton's 
Salem Brass Band, in a new and neat uniform. "Volunteer," No. 8, 
Director Littlefield, with forty-one men, followed, dressed in red jackets 
and black pants; this "tub" was drawn by six black horses, and was 
splendidly decorated. 

Next came the civic procession, preceded by Chief Marshal Lord, 
and his Aids, Messrs. Towne and Peabody, with the following gen- 
tlemen as Assistant Marshals : — 

M. T. Dole, Charles Dole, 

George P. Daniels, Edward Stimpson, 

Ira p. Pope, Theodore Poole, 

George M. Teel. 

The following Marshals were appointed to preserve order at the 
Church : — 

Charles Estes, John W. Hubbard, 

Isaac B. Cowdry, Asa Noyes. 

The civic procession, consisting of invited guests, reverend clergy, 
committee of arrangements, orator and poet, and town authorities, rode 
in open barouches ; and among the former we recognized among 
others, His Excellency Gov. Boutwell ; Hon. Amasa Walker, Secretar}'- 
of State ; Hon. C. W. Upham, Mayor of Salem ; Judge White, of Sa- 
lem ; George G. Smith and Joseph B. Felt, Esqs.. of Boston; Rev. J. 
W. Hanson and Daniel Nutting, Esqs., of Gardiner, Maine ; Hon. John 
W. Palfrey, of Cambridge ; Hon. Robert Rantoul and Rev. C. T. 
Thayer, of Beverly ; Hon. A. G. Browne, Rev. Drs. Flint and Emerson, 
'Charles M. Endicott and A. Huntington, Esqs., of Salem ; Hon. A. W. 
Dodge, of Hamilton ; Allen Putnam, Esq., of Roxbury ; Rev. Israel W. 
Putnam, of Middleborough ; Rev. C. C. Sewall of Medfield, Hon. Lilley 
Eaton, of South Reading, and many others. 

Among the invited guests also rode several persons in antique 
costumes, who represented notable characters of Danvers long since 
deceased. One of these was old Master Eppes, who, after a Rip Van 
Winkle sleep of many years, awoke in perfect astonishment at the 



100 

progress of things since his day. He held in liis hand one of the 
ancient school books, and in the peculiar twang of his time deprecated 
the absurd radicalism in the modern system of education. 

Next came the antique section of the procession, which was a most 
extensive and unique exhibition of the kind. First came a representa- 
tion of an old bachelor of ancient time, in the person of a sturdy 
individual on foot, in cocked hat, flowing wig, knee breeches, &c., 
who walked alone in his g'ory. He was followed by the " Putnam 
family," in a carriage filled with the farming and household utensils of 
that notable lineage, of which "old Put.," of wolf memory, is but one 
of the many illustrious citizens of that name who were born in Dan- 
vers. The carriage was attended with a large delegation of the mod- 
ern race, dressed in the antique costumes of their ancestors, and hard 
at work in their various avocations. As the carriage passed along, one 
was grinding corn after the primitive fashion ; others were spinning, 
weaving, &c. We were informed that the various implements and 
dresses exhibited on this occasion were the genuine relics of their an- 
cestors, that have been preserved as heir-looms in the family. Then 
came several of those curious old chaises, such as we see in prints of 
one hundred years ago, with harnesses and horses that must certainly 
have been in their prime as early as the ^'evolutionary war. These 
chaises generally contained a lady and gentleman, the perfect counter- 
parts of the establishment, in which they appeared greatly to enjoy the 
morning air. Then followed a carriage with four seats, and drawn by 
two horses, which, with its occupants, was a very curious specimen of 
the antique. An Indian, mounted, with full trappings, came next, and 
was followed by a " Blind Hole Shoe Shop, of 1789," with the work- 
men busily employed after the rude fashion of that time. Then came 
a huge block of granite on a platform, from which workmen were 
hammering out a mill stone, for which purpose Danvers granite has 
been for many years celebrated. A pottery shop, with the apparatus 
of a hundred years ago, in full operation, came next, and was followed 
by a band of music. 

THE SCHOOLS. 

The pupils of the several Public Schogls, numbering in the whole 
1500, came out in full strength, led off by the Georgetown Brass Band, 
and presented a most beautiful feature of the procession. We cannot 
expect to give, by description, any adequate idea of the ingenious and 
admirable designs they displayed. This large body of children, in 
holiday array, could not fail to call out exclamations of delight from 
every spectator. The committee of publication are enabled to give 
the following particulars, which have been mainly furnished by the 
teachers of the several schools. There are fourteen school districts in 
the town, with from one to three schools in each. There are also two 
High Schools, one in the north and the other in the south part of the 
town, which have, since the celebration, received from the school 
committee the names severally of Holten and Peabody, in honor of 
the late Judge Samuel Holten and our fellow-citizen George Peabody, 
Esq., now living in London. They are therefore described under those 
names in the following account. 

This interesting part of the pageant was marshalled under the direc- 
tion of the following gentlemen : — 



101 

Sylvanus Dodge, Chief Marshal. 

Jeremiah Chapbian, - J. W. Snow, 

Edward W. Jacobs, Geo. Tapley, 

Augustus Varney, Albert J. Silvester, 

Alden Dempsey, Loring Dempsey, 

Jas. p. Hutchinson, Abner Mead. 

Gilbert A. Tapley. 

Peabody High School. 

The High School of the South Parish, numbering forty pupils, under 
the charge of Mv. Eugene B. Hinckley, next followed, and elicited the 
highest encomiums for the admirable skill and taste manifested in all 
its representations. 

With the exception of the first and last carriages, this part of the 
procession was intended to illustrate ancient times, and to contrast them 
with the present. It was headed by a young man on horseback, bear- 
ing the banner of the school. He was followed by two young ladies 
and one gentleman, besides the teacher, all on horseback, and dressed 
in the full costume of the eighteenth century. 

Then came the first carriage, containing the Que.en of the Season, 
with six attendants, appropriately dressed in white, and wearing ever- 
green wreaths, with spring flowers interwoven. The queen wore a 
floral crown, and a light wreath hanging from the right shoulder, and 
falling carelessly upon the left side, and bearing in her right hand a 
wand or sceptre. The carriage consisted of an oval platform, from 
which rose six pillars, supporting a canopy of like form. The plat- 
form, pillars, and arched roof were entirely covered with evergreen, 
making a perfect " greenwood bower." 

The next carriage represented Marketing in the olden time, and was 
occupied by a venerable couple, whose looks and actions plainly indi- 
cated that they were of the few " who have come down to us from a 
former generation, whose lives Heaven had bounteously lengthened 
out that they might behold the joyous day." The carriage, — to say 
nothing of the horse, for we always feel a degree of delicacy in speak- 
ing of contemporaries ; besides, he was so far removed from the car- 
riage as to have little claim to description on the same page, — the 
carriage was an object of interest to antiquarians, and led us all to doubt 
one of the axioms of the philosophers ; for while the memory of man 
and even tradition itself runneth not back to the time when it had a 
beginning, it gives unmistakable evidence that it will speedily have an 
end. There was a goodly display of onions, potatoes, apples, &c., in- 
dicating the treasures within ; while, from the little box in front, ap- 
peared the pail of eggs, and at its side the jugs, designed to receive in 
exchange the sweetening for coffee and the sweetener of life. In con- 
spicuous places, also, the riches of its freight were emblazoned with 
chalk, in orthography which showed (to the regret, no doubt, of Dr. 
Stone and others) that the phonetic system was known to the " fathers," 
another proof of the wise man's sad proverb, " there is nothing new 
under the sun." 

Next came an ancient Quilting Party. Eight ladies, dressed in the 
prim and proper style of the eighteenth century, cap-a-pie, not omitting 
the pin-ball and scissors hanging from the apron belt, were busily en- 



102 

gaged in completing the quilt ; while, in one corner, sat the old lady, 
whose time seemed about equally divided between her knitting work 
and snuff box. The ladies were not all old, and the love of display, 
which we arc sometimes inclined to look upon as characteristic of our 
times only, finding little room for manifesting itself in the puritan cut 
of the sleeve, the white kerchief, and the scanty skii't, was forced to 
take a higher place, and looked forth in no equivocal manner from the 
massive puffs of hair which surmounted their demure faces. It was 
rather invidiously remarked, too, that it could hardly have been acci- 
dental, that eight pairs of high-heeled satin shoes should have been so 
conspicuous, although the ladies were all seated. Most of the dresses 
were not only representative of a former age, but were true relics of 
the olden time, which have fortunately outlived their first possessors, 
and serve to connect the present with the past. 

Then followed the Beaux and Belles of the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth centuries, a group consisting of two couples, one in the fashion- 
able dress of 1752, and the other in that of 1852. The cushioned 
hair, the rich flowing brocade dress, the wrought high-heeled shoes, 
the monstrous fan, the strait-backed but richly-carved chair ; the knee 
and shoe buckles, the short breeches, the ample coat, the powdered 
wig and cocked hat, reminded one strongly of the portraits of " lang 
syne's sons" and daughters, and formed a striking contrast to the more 
showy but less expensive dress of the opposite couple. 

After these, came a busy company engaged in the various domestic 
employments which were the peculiar occupations of the ancient house- 
hold. Carding, Spinning, Reeling, and Lace-netting were all in lively 
and successful operation. The linen wheel also stood in its own cor- 
ner. Nor must the old cradle be forgotten, in which, no doubt, has 
slumbered the embryo genius of many a beloved and distinguished son 
of New England. Within its oaken sides, too, have been seen the 
early manifestations of that restless energy, which, though troublesome 
in childhood, is admired in the man, and which has given brilliancy 
and success to the Yankee career. From out its gloomy depths, far 
back in the shadowy past, have proceeded, in discordant tones, those 
voices that, in later days, proved mighty in council and debate, and 
whose thunders shook the king upon his throne. You would know 
that none but a Puritan had made it, — so square and heavy its panelled 
sides, so strait and unbending its posts ; and one could not help feeling 
that, in its turn, it must have helped in giving form and character to 
the minds that had been pillowed in it, — at once the emblem and the 
nurturer of an unbending race of men. 

A large carriage followed, in which it was the design to show, in 
contrast, the Past and Present, as exhibited in the schoolroom, and all 
the appurtenances. A large map was suspended in the middle, entirely 
separating it into two rooms. The front room presented a rough and 
altogether comfortless appearance. On the backless bench were seated 
the luckless wights who were being "educated" and "instructed," 
with the " Slate and Rethmetic" before them. On the other side of 
the room, sat the " Master," in all the restrained severity of a Crom- 
well Roundhead. On the table at his side lay the indispensable and 
only school apparatus, the clencher of every argument, the unraveller 



103 

of every scientific knot, the elucidator of every principle, the enforcer 
of every precept, — the rod, — good for doctrine, reproof, instruction, 
and correction. As it lay there in repose, a man of the present age 
would see in it only an emblem of the pliancy of the youthful mind, 
and the sprightly buoyancy of youthful spirits. But the youthful spirits 
opposite evidently put a different construction upon the matter, as the 
stereotyped tenor of countenance and the chronic shrug of the shoulders 
stoutly witnessed. They knew, as well they might, that its lessons 
were not merely emblematic, but eminently practical ; that its influ- 
ences were never silent, though always touching. They knew, too, by 
experience and " bobservation," as the sprightly nigger Sam would 
say, that the present quiet was only the repose of conscious power, the 
fearful eddy of the air that forebodes the awful tempest. 

The blank side of the map, forming one wall of the room, was a 
fitting type of the child's mind when first committed to the master's 
forming hand. A more appropriate representative of that mind and 
character at graduation, might be found in the marred and mutilated 
desk cover, whereon successive generations had carved, in the impress- 
ible pine, the creations of their untutored imaginations. 

The other room was fitted up with handsome modern desks. The 
well defined map formed the wall at the head of the room, and in 
front, at his table, sat the teacher, with globes and a telescope at his 
side, representative of the expanding range of study in our schools of 
the present age, and the vastly multiplied and improved fiicilities for 
communicating knowledge. The whole room was made to have a 
cheerful and inviting air about it, in striking contrast to the headachy 
look of the first room. We saw no implements of school wai'fare here, 
and were reminded of Sprague's prophetic line : 

" To martial arts shall milder arts succeed." 

The carriage bore the motto which was quite naturally suggested : 
" Let there be light ; and there was light." 

This carriage gave rise to many philosophic reflections, but we for- 
bear to record them here, since history is only the philosopher's text- 
book, and not the commentary. 

Lastly, came the Gleaners, a little company of misses neatly and 
properly dressed, each wearing a broad white hat, and bearing on one 
arm the fruit of her labor. 

HoLTEN High School. 
The High School in the North Parish appeared in two carriages, 
each of which was trimmed for the occasion with evergreens. The 
advance carriage was the " Hector," bearing most of the ladies dressed 
in white, and wearing on their heads turbans of pink tarlatane, with 
long veils. In this carriage were two banners, one having the arms of 
the D'Anvers Family, and the motto, " History is our lesson to-day ;" 
on the reverse, 

" We are grateful for the Past, and we will labor 
FOR the Future." 
The other, bearing the name of the school, and the motto, 

" flnloToqiti Jilov Kv^ieQri'^TTjg ;'''' 
on the reverse, " Scientia lux Mentis." 



104 

In the next carriage was most admirably represented a Trial for 
Witchcraft — the court and its officers in full costume. The Chief 
Justice, Cotton Mather, Rev. Mr. Burroughs, and other liistorical char- 
acters, the witnesses, &c., were enacted to the life. Dr. Mather was 
rather surprised on finding himself introduced to the Rev. Mr. Braman, 
the [)rcsent pastor of the church at " Salem Village," but with dignity 
and courtesy he greeted the reverend gentleman, who, on bis part, 
extended a most hearty and cordial salutation, with his wonted humor. 
The Judge and Mr. Burroughs went through the same ceremony with 
characteristic gravity. 

After this interruption the trial proceeded, the several witnesses, 
Eleazer Keyson, Samuel Webber, Ann Putnam, and Goodwife Sarah 
Viber testifying, in the strongest manner, to the guilt of the accused, 
who was of course convicted, and put under the custody of the Royal 
Sheritf, whose scarlet coat and official staff rendered him a prominent 
figure at the trial. 

This school is under the care of Mr. A. P. S. Stuart, and forty-two 
pupils took part in the representations. 

School District No. 1 is situated in the south part of the town, join- 
ing Salem, with which it is connected by Main Street. In this district 
is located the Lexington Battle Monument, the Danvers Bank, Meth- 
odist Meeting-house, Southwick's large Tannery, and the principal 
burying-ground, where now rest many of the earliest and most valued 
citizens of the town. This district was the home of Gen. Foster, the 
greater part of his life ; of Dennison Wallis, Edward Southwick, 
Squires Shove, William Sutton, Major Sylvester Osborn, Mr. Ward, and 
Dea. Fitch Poole, Ebenezer Shillaber, and Oliver Saunders, as well as 
others whose lives of usefulness have done much to give a character of 
enterprise and worth to Danvers. Some notoriety has been acquired 
abroad on account of this being the place where Elizabeth Whitman 
sojourned and died, (better known to romance readers as Eliza Whar- 
ton^) and pilgrimages are still made to her grave, the mutilated head- 
stone bearing ample evidence of the ravages of these relic-seeking and 
lovesick votaries. 

The schools in this district were under the care of Mr. Thomas B. 
Hinckley, IMiss Sarah H. Burt, and Miss Elizabeth E.Winchester. The 
number of scholars furnished to the procession was two hundred and 
ten, one hundred and sixty of whom were dressed in Turkish costume. 
The boys were attired in blue tunics and white trowsers, with scarfs 
and turbans, each carrying a glittering scimitar ; the girls, in blue 
waists and white skirts, with Turkish head-dress. 

The schools represented in this part of the procession were the 
Grammar, Wallis, and Primary, each accompanied by its teacher. 
The order of arrangement was as follows. First came the Grammar 
school, at the head of which was borne a banner inscribed with the 
No. of the district to which it belonged, followed at a short distance 
by another, bearing the Wallis school motto, " Dennison Wallis, 
OUR Benefactor." Then came another, with the inscription, " True 
MERIT OUR ONLY CLAIM TO DISTINCTION." Ncxt Came a Carriage, 
thatched with evergreen and decorated with wreaths and flowers, con- 



105 

taining " buds of promise" in their holiday dresses, accompanied by 
their teacher. From the back of this carriage was seen a gentleman 
of the olden time, who, judging from the expression of his countenance, 
was evidently regarding, with a troubled mind, the changes wrought in 
dress and habits of life by the lapse of years. There was also amonfr 
the pedestrians one old gentleman, who evidently belonged to a former 
age, and who, though " in the world, was not of the world." 

There are three schools in District No. 2, under the care of Mr. 
E. B. Lear, Miss Sarah A. Osgood, and Miss Lydia A. Tilton. This 
district comprises what was formerly called Skelton's Neck, afterwards 
New Mills, and now Danvers Port. It was formerly the residence of 
Gov. Endicott, and within its bounds the famous old Pear Tree, which 
tradition informs us was planted by the Governor, still flourishes, and 
the fruit of its third century is annually plucked by his descendants. 
Col. Hutchinson, of revolutionary memory, was born in this district. 
Here is a Post Office and Railroad Station, and two Churches, Baptist 
and Universalist. 

There were one hundred and fifteen pupils from this district, who 
came in a building which was intended to represent a schoolhouse, and 
was appropriately trimmed with green branches and various kinds of 
flowers. It was drawn with its immense load by a noble team of eight 
gray horses, each bearing on his headstall a miniature American flao-. 
This beautiful team was gratuitously furnished by Mathew Hooper, 
Esq., an enterprising and public spirited inhabitant of the district. 

The girls wore white dresses and millinetthats trimmed with ever- 
green. The boys had dark jackets, white pants, and palm-leaf hats 
trimmed with evergreen and flowers. On a banner was inscribed, 
" Substance not Show." 

The school taught by Miss Sophia C. Appleton, in District No. 3, 
(Putnamville) followed in a carriage drawn by two horses, which were 
decorated with evergreen and flowers. The carriage was also arched 
with birch boughs, and bore a banner inscribed, " Putnamville, Dis- 
TillCT No. 3." 

The boys were dressed in blue sacks, white pantaloons, and palm- 
leaf hats trimmed with evergreen. The girls wore white dresses, with 
millinett hats, with wreaths of flowers. The whole number of scholars 
in attendance was thirty-seven. This district is the birthplace of Gen. 
Moses Porter and Hon. Elias Putnam. 

The school in District No. 4, the birthplace of Gen. Israel Putnam, 
also came in a carriage trimmed with evergreen, and drawn by two 
horses tastefully decorated. Banners were borne with the following 
inscriptions : 

" Our Koh-i-noor," 
" From the Bush." 

The boys of this school were uniformly dressed in green jackets 
and palm-leaf hats. The girls also wore palm-leaf hats with wreaths. 
This school was under the care of Miss Mary A. Wilkins, and forty 
scholars attended. 

The schools in District No. 5, the home of Judge Holten and Rev. 
Dr. Wadsworth, where is located the Village Meeting-house, and where 
Rev. Mr. Parris formerly lived, and the Witchcraft delusion originated, 
14 n 



106 

came next in three carriages, which were trimmed with evergreen and 
arched over with foliage. They were well filled with happy-looking 
masters and misses, the whole number being eighty-four. The first 
carriage bore this inscription, " VVe come from Salem Village ;" 
the second — " Descendants of the Witches," and the third — " The child 
is father to the man." These schools were attended by their teach- 
ers. Miss Sarah F. and Miss Ann Jeanette Emery. 

School District No. 6 is in the central part of the town, the former 
residence of Master Daniel Eppes, and is known as the place where the 
Royal Governor, Gen. Gage, was encamped with his troops, previous 
to the Revolutionary war, to overawe the colonists. His head quarters 
were at the old mansion now standing, called the Collins house. 

The school in this district, under the care of Miss Harriet Felton, 
made a fine appearance. The children connected with it numbered 
about fifty. First in order came a vehicle containing the boys, who 
were intended to represent Robin Hood's archers, each boy having in 
his hand a bow and arrow. Their dress was white pants, green tunics, 
and straw hats, with a wreath of evergreen. On their banners were 
the following : In front — 

" No. 6. Incorporated Nov. 17, 1800." 
In the rear — 

" Bend the bow and wing the dart, 

Let it reach each foeman's heart ; 

But the enemy must be 

All that's bad in you or me." 

Next came the girls belonging to the school. They were intended 
to represent Flower Girls. They were dressed in white, with a wreath 
of flowers around their hats, and each one having a bouquet in her 
hand. Their carriage was roofed over and densely covered with hem- 
lock boughs and evergreen, interspersed with flowers of every variety 
and hue. For their motto they had the following : " Flowers are types 
of innocent childhood." 

" Flowers that bloom for a season. 
Flowers that bloom forever." 

There wei'e also two other vehicles connected with the district, — one 
contained some of the older girls dressed partly in antique style ; the 
other was a very ancient sleigh, owned by one of the inhabitants of the 
district, in which were four girls dressed in ancient costume. Dresses 
of brocade silk and damask, high-heeled shoes, bonnets of ancient 
style, and a beaver hat ornamented with plumes, comprised a part of 
their attire. As it was the custom of the original owner of the sleigh 
to have a black servant for a driver, they procured one of the same 
race for their driver, an old horse, an ancient string of bells, dtc, 
were all intended to represent a sleigh-ride in 1752. 

The school in District No. 8, the place where Gen. Foster spent the 
last part of his life and where he died, was represented by sixty 
scholars, who attracted much attention from their lively and animated 
appearance, the magnitude of their carriage, and the novelty of its 
team. The carriage was of great size, arched with birch trees, and 
trimmed with evergreens and flowers, the sides being festooned with 
oak leaves. A banner, trimmed with evergreen and roses, with the 



107 

name of the district, was borne at each end of the carriage, one of 
which had the following inscriptions : — 

"/♦ran'^" — never accomplished anything. 
" I'LL TRY"— has done wonders. 
Industry. 

On the other banner were the following : — 
Knowledge is Power. 
Strive to Improve. 
Patience. Perseverance. 

The carriage was drawn by a team of six pair of fine looking oxen, 
which were well managed by their young drivers. The cattle were 
gaily decorated with miniature flags, evergreens and flowers. 

The scholars were uniformly dressed ; the boys in brown linen sacks 
and blue sashes, straw hats trimmed with blue ribbon, and white 
pantaloons. The girls wore blue waists, white skirts, and white paste- 
board hats, trimmed with wreaths of flowers. The merry voices of 
these young people were often heard from their leafy bower, in lively 
cheers and jocund school songs, as they were drawn through the streets. 

This school is under the charge of Mr. W. F. Gile. 

From District No. 10, in West Danvers, under the care of Miss 
Harriette Proctor, the number of scholars that joined the procession 
was fifty-seven, riding in three carriages, trimmed with evergreen, and 
drawn by two horses each. They were escorted to South Danvers by 
a cavalcade, consisting of about twenty young men, uniformly dressed 
in Kossuth hats and white pants, former members of the school. The 
first carriage contained the boys composing the school, wearing hats 
and epaulettes made of evergreen and roses, with scarlet sashes, 
accompanied by two of the descendants of the Salem Witches, attired 
in a costume of by-gone days. On the banner borne by these lads 
was the following inscription : — " Common Schools. The tree our 
fathers planted we will nourish and protect." 

In the next carriage were twelve little boys and girls, dressed in 
white, accompanied by their teacher, wearing wreaths of roses, with 
bouquets in their hands. The carriage bore the motto — "Flowers 

ARE THE alphabet OF ANGELS." 

In the last, came the girls of the school, with dresses of white, pink 
hats and jackets, each carrying a fancy flower basket, and singing on 
the route a variety of school songs. Their banner was a representation 
of a rainbow. Underneath was the following : — 

" The rainbow promise gives 
That future years shall brighter be." 

The whole number of scholars in the procession from District No. 
11, was one hundred and seventy. There are in this district three 
schools, Primary, Intermediate and Grammar. The boys of these 
schools, numbering about ninety, were dressed in the Grecian costume, 
consisting of a white frock with a black belt, a toga or cape, fastened 
at both shoulders, and extending to, and fastened around, the wrist of 
the right arm ; long white hose ; low shoes ; and a blue cap, of conical 
form, the upper part hanging upon the right side of the head. The 
girls' dress consisted of a white waist and skirt, and a white hat 



108 

adorned with wreaths. In front of the Greeks, were two scholars 
representing, in costume, ancient and modern physicians In the 
centre of the Greeks of the Grammar School was a group of High- 
landers. The scholars of this school bore a banner, upon the folds of 
which was inscribed, " Knowledge is power"; the Highlanders one, 
with the motto, " Scotland ! there is music in the sound"; and the 
Intermediate had for their motto, written partially in hieroglyphics, 
"Tall oaks from little acorns grow." 

Between the boys and girls was a carriage with a platform, upon 
which Hydropathy was represented. This carriage was tastefully 
ornamented with wreaths and flowci-^, and bore on each side the words, 
"Give me Niagara and I will cure the world." The care and adroit- 
ness which the Doctor manifested in wrapping up his patient, convinced 
the multitude that he was skilled in the science which he represented. 

A second carriage contained a representation of the Spiritual Rap- 
pings. Upon the platform was a stand, from which an iron rod [)assed 
to a boy underneath, who worked the stand agreeably to signals given 
by the operator on the top. Upon each side of this carriage was 
inscribed, "Modern Witchcraft; call and investigate." 

In the rear of the Grammar and Intermediate, was the Primary 
School, drawn in a truly splendid carriage, having seats arranged in 
the form of a pyramid. From the centre of the upper seat arose a 
tree, which was rendered truly beautiful by being adorned with roses. 
The motto, "We are a happy band," appeared among its branches. 

There are four teachers employed in these schools. Charles E. 
Bradford, teacher of the Grammar School ; Miss Sarah SafTord, assist- 
ant teacher of the Grammar School ; Miss Julia A. Page, teacher of 
the Intermediate School ; Miss Catherine L. W^iswell, teacher of the 
Primary School. 

This school district is situated in the south part of the town, which 
was formerly called Brooksby, and afterwards the Middle Precinct. 
Here is the principal Post Office, Hotel, Warren Bank, the large 
Bleachery, and extensive Glue Works of Walker & Upton, the Peabody 
High School, and four of the five churches of South Danvers. Here 
also is the junction of the South Reading, the Essex, and the Lowell 
Railroads, and their several Stations. 

This district was the residence and birth place of Zachary King, 
and his numerous descendants, among whom was Hon. Daniel P. King. 
It was also the birth place of Gen. Gideon Foster, and George Peabody, 
now of London. It was the residence of Rev. Mr. Holt ; and the 
school was formerly taught by Master Benjamin Gile, the teacher so 
much celebrated for his eccentricities, as well as his excellencies, and 
who caused to be inscribed the following words on his grave stone, as 
his most honorable epitaph : — 

"I TAUGHT LITTLE CHILDREN TO READ." 

District No. 12 came next, and presented more variety, and evi- 
dences of at least as great taste and ingenuity, as any which preceded 
it. Great credit is due to the principal teacher. Miss A. J. DeMerritt, 
and to those spirited inhabitants of the district who assisted in the 
preparations, for the beauty and variety of their pai't of the show. It 



109 

was in this district that some of the youthful days of the Philosopher 
Dr. Bowditch were passed, and the house where he lived is still stand- 
ing. Rev. Daniel Poor, D. D., Missionary to Ceylon, was also born 
here. Here is the Monumental Cemetery, and the spot long known 
as the " Pine Tree," a famous landmark in ancient times. 

There were one hundred and twenty in the procession, who were 
led off by a gentleman, in full attire of a Hussar, with two military 
attendants. Then came a Potter, manufacturing the Danrers China- 
Ware as he passed along. After him came the brave Minutemen of 
1775, Capt. Foster as their leader, all being dressed in the costume of 
'75. The minutemen were followed by a Quaker and Quakeress of 
one hundred and twenty years ago ; also five young ladies and a young 
gentleman, in costume from one hundred to four hundred years 
standing. 

Next came a representation of Dr. Bowditch, in a vessel, with his 
globes, quadrant, sextant and compass, with four naval officers, — a 
banner, on one side of which was painted the cottage of Dr. Bowditch, 
with these words, "The Home of Bowditch." On the opposite side, 
"He who has added laurels of Scientific research to his town 
or country, deserves to be gratefully remembered." 

Old Dr. Parr and his Lady, in an ancient chaise, were represented, 
and both bore marks of extreme old age. Next came a banner, borne 
by three lads in Italian costume, with this inscription : — 

" From the clime of song and sun, 
From the banks of Arno's river, 
Italia's fair (laughters we come, 
With Floral offerings hither." 

Following the banner were fourteen young misses, as Italian Flower 
Girls, dressed in white muslin, with baskets of flowers on their heads, 
singing as they passed along. A pony and chaise, with a miniature 
man, in costume of olden time, with two young misses. 

Then followed a Turkish tent or harem, with the grand Sultan and 
his family, which consisted of four wives and eight children, in the 
full dress of the in-door costume ; the Sultan quietly enjoying a smoke 
from his chibouk as he passed along, while his wives Avere as happily 
engaged with the smaller Turkish pipes. 

Three carriages were decorated with evergreens, flowers and ban- 
ners, in which were placed the floral procession. 

There was also a large carriage, in which were represented the 
mothers and daughters of a century ago. One was spinning — another 
combing flax — another carding — one at the foot-wheel — another mend- 
ing — one reeling yarn — another knitting — all in ancient costume, with 
furniture of ancient date. This was the fourth scene in the >proces- 
sion. 

It was a source of much regret that the services of the junior 
teacher. Miss Lucy A. Colby, could not be commanded, on account of 
ill health. Her heart was, however, so much in the undertaking, that 
her fine poetical talent was put in requisition, and in her sickness she 
dictated to an amanuensis an original hymn^ which was sung by her 
pupils in the procession. 



no 

The principal school in District No. 13 is under the management of 
Mr. A. G. Webster. The whole number of scholars connected with 
the school under his charge was fifty-six, only forty-six of whom 
appeared in the procession. The costume worn by the young ladies 
consisted of a white dress, green sash, and foiuidation muslin hats, 
broad rims, trimmed with a wreath of evergreen, resting on the rim 
and nearly concealing the crown. That of the young gentlemen was 
white pantaloons, dark cloth spencers, and cloth caps, surrounded with 
a wreath of oak leaves. The carriage was drawn by a pair of gray 
horses, and was very neatly trimmed with small trees and branches, 
slightly arched at the top ; they were placed about fifteen inches apart 
on the sides, and the branches were woven together near the top in 
the form of an arch, between each upright, all of which were very 
neatly interwoven with evergreen and studded with roses. In front of 
the carriage, and elevated above it, a banner was suspended, bearing 
the inscription, "No. 13 Grammar School." In the rear of it, a 
small national flag was suspended from a staff. 

The Intermediate School, Miss Martha C. Putnam, teacher, appeared 
with forty scholars. The carriage was trimmed with evergreen, and 
drawn by two horses. The girls were dressed in white, with white 
muslin hats. 

The Primary School, Miss Harriet M. Putnam, teacher, with twenty- 
nine scholars. The carriage was similar to that of the Intermediate 
School. 

Both schools carried banners, designating the number of the district 
and name of the school. 

This district is in North Danvers, and in the centre of the principal 
village called the "Plains." Here is a Post Office, Hotel, the Third 
Congregational Church, the Village Bank, and the Holten High School. 
The Walnut Grove Cemetery, a beautiful and romantic spot, is on its 
borders. This district is the present residence of Hon. Judge Samuel 
Putnam, and was the former residence of the late Hon. Elias Putnam, 
to whose sagacity, public spirit and energy, this village owes much of 
its prosperity. It was also the residence of Col. Jeremiah Page, and 
others who have done much for the credit and honor of their town and 
village. 

Last in this division of the procession appeared the children of No. 
14. This district is in the flourishing village of Tapleyville, the seat 
of Mr. Gilbert Tapley's extensive Carpet Factory, and a Post Office. 
The girls were tastefully arrayed in blue tunics, Gypsey hats, and 
white dresses, and the boys in straw hats and white pants, numbering 
about one hundred and twenty. They were seated upon a showy and 
somewhat unique carriage, built in the form of a cone, of which the 
base, or lower tier of seats, was about 16 feet across. Above this, 
arose four other tiers, surmounted by a circular platform, upon which 
two of the larger boys were stationed, at an elevation of about sixteen 
feet from the ground, supporting a splendid banner, on one side of 
which was the inscription, "Tapleyville, No. 14"; and on the other, 
the device of a budding rose tree, with the motto, " First the bud, 

AND THEN THE BLOSSOM." 

The carriage was carpeted throughout, by the generosity of the 



Ill 

gentlemanly proprietor of the carpet establishment in this vicinity, 
which added much to its comfort and adornings ; while the miniature 
banners, that floated in the breeze, the music, that lent its cheering 
inspiration, and the myriad of happy faces, that adorned the car, 
seemed strikingly illustrative of one of the mottoes with which it was 
inscribed, " The good time has come, boys "; and the appropriateness 
of another, " All's well that ends well," was readily appreciated 
by all who "were there to see." 

The two rural districts, No. 7 and No. 9, were not represented in 
the procession. They are situated in the west part of the town, the 
former having been the residence of the late Hon. Daniel P. King, and 
Giles Corey, of Witchcraft memory. In a remote corner of this terri- 
tory and partly in No. 9, is that romantic region known as the " Devil's 
Dishful," and on a stream flowing through it from Humphrey's Pond, 
is a large manufactory of hosiery and woolen goods. No. 9 is the 
least populous district in town, and joins Lynnfield. Its territory is 
level and the scenery pleasant. It borders on that beautiful sheet 
of water formerly called Humphrey's Pond, but more recently " Sun- 
taug Lake," about half of which belongs to Lynnfield, 

After the Public Schools, came a gay-looking chariot, called " Lady 
Essex," containing about fifty young misses, the pupils of the Private 
Schools of Miss Sarah B. Peirce and Miss Mary Ann Chase, both of 
which are located in District No. 1. 

The young ladies of the former school wore green hats with wreaths, 
white dresses and green sashes. Those of the latter, wore white hats 
with wreaths, white dresses and pink sacks. 

Their vehicle, which was built for the accommodation of large 
sleighing parties, made an elegant and imposing appearance, mounted 
on wheels, and drawn by a fine team of six black horses. 

Next after the schools, came a Cavalcade of Young Men, well 
mounted, under the direction of the following Marshals : 
Walter S. Fairfield, Chief Marshal. 
Francis A. Osborn and Joseph Jacobs, Jr., Aids. 
Assistant Marshals. 
Thomas E. Proctor, Oscar Phillips, 

Eben. Sutton, Jr., Charles C. Poor, 

Nath'l p. Symonds, Jr. 
A second Cavalcade of nearly 300 horsemen, led by the Mounted 
Band of the Boston Lancers, terminated the grand programme of the 
pageant. This Cavalcade was under the marshalship of the following 
gentlemen : 

Francis Dane, Esq., Chief Marshal. 
Jos. S. HoDGKiNS, and Wm. J. C. Kenney, Aids. 
Assistant Marshals. 
Jos. F. Dane, C. A. Gardiner, 

Wm. a. Dodge, Henry C. Poor, 

John A. Lord, H. O. Wiley, 

Charles Page, D. C. Tibbetts, 

George Peescott. 



112 

After great exertions on the part of the Chief Marshal and his as- 
sistants, the streets were so far cleared of the multitude of people and 
vehicles, that the procession was put in motion. Moving down Main 
street, it countermarched at the Salem line, near the Great Tree, and 
on its return passed through Molten street, at the junction of which 
with Aborn street, it passed under a noble triumphal arch. Passing 
Aborn street into Washington street, it went through another beautiful 
arch, thrown over the latter street near the residence of David Elvvell, 
Esq., and continued to the Monument, which was tastefully dressed 
with flags, and then passing up Main street, turned into Central street, 
marching the whole length of it, and countermarching, reached the 
Old South Church about noon. The School procession here turned up 
Lowell street, under direction of their marshals, and proceeded to a 
large tent provided for their accommodation. The remainder of the 
procession entered the Church, where the address was to be delivered. 

The Church being filled and the assembly quieted, the exercises 
took place in the following order, viz. : 

1. Voluntary on the Organ. 

2. Invocation, by Rev. James W. Putnam. 

3. Anthem. 

4. Reading the Scriptures, by Rev. James Fletcher. 

5. Prayer, by Rev. Israel P. Putnam, of Middleborough. 

6. Original Hymn, by F. Poole. 

Father ! to Thee we raise 
Our hymn of grateful praise 

In long arrears ! 
We sing thy blessings sown, 
In all our pathway strewn. 
And ev'ry kindness shewn 

These Hundred Years. 

Where once the Indian trod, 
The House to worship God 

Its altar rears : 
We at its shrine appear, 
Whose Fathers worshipped here, 
In faith and holy fear. 

These Hundred Years. 

Upon this native soil 
Our fathers erst did toil 

In hopes and fears : 
We love their pleasant vales, 
The hill sides and the dales, 
The legends and the tales. 

These Hundred Years. 

We love our verdant hills, 
The gently rippling rills 
Delight our ears ; 



113 

We love the blood that runs 
In veins of noble ones, 
The Fathers and the Sons ; 
These Hundred Years. 

How many a stricken heart 
Has felt Death's keenest dart 

With bitter tears ! 
In his cold arms have slept 
The friends our hearts have kept, 
The loved ones fondest wept, 

These Hundred Years — 

Oh, God ! we know how brief 
Our life of joy or grief 

To Thee appears. 
Compared with Thy Forever! 
How short the space we sever, 
To be recovered never ! 

— A Hundred Years. 

Our Father ! may thine hand 
Still bless the beauteous land 

Our love endears — 
In falling — pray restore us, 
In blessings hover o'er us, 
Make glad our path before us, 

A Hundred Years. 

7. Address, by John W. Proctor. 
8, Music, by the Band. 
9. Poem, by Andrew Nichols, 
10. Psalm, selected from a collection in use 100 years ago, " Faith- 
fully translated into English ilXctte ; For the Use, Edification, and 
Comfort of the Saints in Publick and Private, especially in Neni 
England.'''' 

Psalm LXVII. 
To the Musician^ Neginoth. A Psalm or Song. 
O D gracious be to us, and give 
His blessing us unto ; 
Let him upon us make to shine 

His countenance also. Selah. 

2 That there may be the knowledge of 
Thy way the earth upon : 

And also of thy saving health 
In every nation. 

3 O God let thee the people praise, 
Let people all praise thee ; 

4 O let the nations rejoyce, 
And glad O let them be. 

15 



G 



lU 

For judgment thou with righteousness 

Shall give thy folk unto ; 
The nations that are on the earth, 

Thou shalt them lead also. 

5 O God, let thee the people praise. 

Let people all praise thee, 

6 Her fruit abundant by the earth 

Shall then forth yielded be. 

7 God ev'n our own God shall us bless, 

God bless us surely shall : 
And of the earth the utmost coasts 
They shall him reverence all. 

11. Prayer, by Rev. F. A. Willard. 
12. Old Hundred — sung by the whole congregation. ' 
13. Benediction. 

The extreme and oppressive heat of the weather and the lateness of 
the hour, (nearly 3 o'clock,) rendered it expedient, in the opinion of 
the Committee of Arrangements, to omit a part of the Address, which 
had already occupied about an hour and three quarters. 

The Poem of Dr. Nichols was also omitted. This was a subject of 
general regret, and the inhabitants subsequently, at a full town meet- 
ing, unanimously and with much enthusiasm requested Dr. Nichols ta 
read his poem publicly, at some convenient time. To this request he 
kindly acceded, and the poem was accordingly delivered by him, at 
the Universalist Church in the South Parish, to a large and highly in- 
terested audience. 

The vocal music at the Church was of a very high order, being per- 
formed by a large and efficient choir of nearly two hundred voices, 
under the direction of Mr. Benj. Lang. 

After the conclusion of the exercises at the Church, the procession 
of ticket holders to the Dinner was formed, and proceeded to a large 
canvas pavilion, which was erected on the Crowninshield estate, in a 
fine airy position, near Buxton's Hill. This spot was kindly tendered 
to the use of the Committee by Hon. F. B. Crowninshield. 

EXERCISES AT THE TABLE. 

The procession, which had entered the pavilion under escort of the 
Military and Firemen, soon occupied the tables, which had been spread 
for 1200 persons. After the guests had taken their places, the fact 
was formally announced by the Chief Marshal to the President of the 
day. Rev. MILTON P. BRAMAN. The President then called upon the 
■Chaplain, Rev. Israel W. Putnam, of Middleborough, a native citizen of 
Danvers, who invoked a blessing. 

The feast of good things on the table having ended, the intellectual 
repast* was commenced by the President, whose introductory remarks 

* The speeches at the table are not given in the precise order in which they 
were delivered, and in some instances remarks, intended to be made, have 
been furnished at the request of the Committee, by guests who were prevented 
from speaking by want of time. 



115 

were exceedingly brilliant and happy, and were received with great 
enthusiasm. To be fully appreciated they should have been heard. 

After calling the assembly to order, Mr. BRAMAN said : 

The inhabitants of Danvers have, for a considerable period, looked 
forward to this day with pleasant anticipations ; and as the time ap- 
proached and they became more engaged in preparation for the event, 
it acquired in their view a more absorbing interest. It is the first Cen- 
tennial which Danvers has witnessed ; it is the last which the present 
inhabitants will be permitted to enjoy. They have not spared pains to 
contribute to the interest of the occasion. They are anxious that it 
should gratify all whose hearts beat with emotions of regard for their 
native town, and all who have been pleased to assemble from other 
places to unite with them in the entertainments of the day. They 
hope that it will be long remembered by those in younger life with 
pleasure and benefit ; and that those who are now children and youth, 
when they shall become old, shall revert to it as one of the bright spots 
of their early years. 

Allow me to congratulate the assembly, on this beautiful and brilliant 
June day, on the interesting exhibition which has been witnessed ; on 
the instructive performance to which we have listened in the house of 
worship. Permit me to extend a cordial greeting to numerous stran- 
gers who have honored us with their presence, and to thank those dis- 
tinguished visiters who have so kindly responded to our invitations, and 
from whom we expect such rich additions to the pleasures and advan- 
tages of the celebration. When men high in office and eminent for 
talent are willing to turn aside from public and important engagements 
to afford their presence and speak words of wisdom and sympathy on 
such occasions, they are not acting inappropriately to their distinguished 
position in the community. It is one of the ways in which they may 
very much promote the public, patriotic and useful ends for which tal- 
ent and station are conferred upon them. 

The importance of such celebrations can hardly be overrated. They 
tend to supply materials for the general history of the country. The 
history of a nation is the collected result of the account of its several 
component parts ; and the more minute and graphic the delineation of 
the incidents which compose them, the wider basis they afford for gen- 
eral history, and the more freshness, spirit and fidelity do they breathe 
into its pages. What is it that gives Macaulay's history so much of its 
wonderful fascination and value ? It is not merely the brilliant and 
glowing style with which he clothes his ideas, but the industry with 
which he has explored ancient and local records, and transferred their 
smallest details to his own narrative ; the manner in which he has 
caught the spirit of the times on which he writes, and reflected their 
very " form and pressure." He has reproduced the past by the clear- 
est illustrations, and caused its characters and transactions to pass be- 
fore us as in dramatic representation. He is greatly indebted to such 
records as correspond with those productions which owe their origin to 
our centennial occasions. So are all good historians. Many years 
ago, the library of a celebrated German Professor was procured for 
Harvard University. He had been employed on a history of the 



116 

United States, which was left unfinished at his death. With German 
industry he had made a large collection of American authorities to 
assist him in his work. I have seen in that library centennial dis- 
courses of some of the most inconsiderable towns of New England ; 
discourses in the form of old sermons, smoked and dried, as if the bet- 
ter to preserve the facts which they contained. 

It has been the fault of general histories that they have been too 
general. They have been too formal, stately, grave. They have not 
descended enough among facts of less notoriety and magnitude. They 
have not gone down into the depths of private life, and " caught the 
manners living as they rise." They have therefore been less faithful 
I'epresentations of past ages, and much less extensively read. 

We want occasions that shall give birth to such performances as 
those to which I have alluded. They turn the attention of municipali- 
ties to their own history. They seize facts that are passing into ob- 
livion. They transcribe recollections of those aged persons whose 
memories will soon cease to retain their impressions. The history of 
New England has been greatly enriched by these commemorations. 
They realize a grand idea of Political Economy — the subdivision of 
labor. Towns, districts, and individuals are employed in collecting 
materials. It requires time, industry and research to prepare historical 
notices of quite limited subjects. To recover ancient dates, to obtain 
an exact statement of facts long since transpired, to gather up from 
various sources the detached and scattered items that belong to any 
one topic, is a work of plodding toil. I recently asked Mr. Savage 
whether he had completed his preparation of a new edition of Farmer's 
Genealogy, a work of three or four hundred pages, which I knew he 
had been engaged some time in revising. " Oh no," he replied, " it 
is only seven years since I began." 

" History," it has been said, " is philosophy teaching by example." 
Our history is much more than that. It is Christianity teaching by 
example. It is the theory of the Rights of Conscience teaching by 
example. It is high-souled Patriotism teaching by example. It is the 
idea of Social Advancement teaching by example. It is the spirit of 
Republican Liberty and Equality teaching by example. It is the the- 
ory of an approaching day of Millennial Happiness and Glory for the 
race teaching by example. 

With the exception of the history of revealed religion and the intro- 
duction of Christianity, ours is the most important and encouraging 
that ever unrolled its pages to the eyes of oppressed and suffering hu- 
manity. It holds out the light of hope to every other nation under 
heaven ; it is to the political world what a sun rising in the West would 
be to the natural world, before which the light of the present sun 
should grow dim, and whose broad disk should fill the concave of the 
heavens. 

The history of this town has its importance and interest as a portion 
of that of New England. It is connected with the earlier history of 
Massachusetts, and with that great struggle by which our Independence 
was achieved. We believe that the inhabitants have not lost those 
traits which distinguished their ancestry ; that some of the old Puritan 
love of religion and religious liberty lingers here ; that the same patri- 
otic blood flows in their veins which was poured out so freely in the 



117 

first and subsequent battles of the Revolution ; and, if ever they should 
be called again to vindicate their liberties, the young men would go 
forth with as much courage and afacrity, to engage in mortal strife, as 
those whose names are perpetuated by yonder monumental granite. 

We hope that as the citizens of the town turn their eyes more in- 
tently upon their history, and commune with the spirits of their re- 
ligious and heroic fathers, they will catch a new inspiration, and that 
they will attach themselves, more firmly than ever, to those institutions 
and elements of strength, which have given them their New England 
character and prosperity. 

The town has not grown so rapidly as some others in the Common- 
wealth ; but it has gone forward with a steady, quiet, vigorous growth, 
till it stands among the most considerable towns in the State. Our 
motto is, "Ortward." We have an appropriate name, whose significa- 
tion is indicative of progress. 

The name Danvers is compounded of the two words " De" and 
"Anvers." We have been informed to-day of the origin of the appli- 
cation. I have had a curiosity to ascertain the meaning of the term. 
It is well known to many that Anvers is the French pronunciation of 
Antwerp, a once flourishing city of Netherlands, and still possessing 
magnitude and importance. By the kind assistance of Mr. Sibley, the 
Assistant Librarian of Harvard, I have been directed to an old geo- 
graphical folio, in which the signification of the name is discussed. 
The opinion of the most judicious antiquarians is there stated. Acn- 
werp, from which Antwerp is derived, is an old Flemish word denoting 
addition, accession, progress. The waters of the river Scheldt, on 
whose banks it is situated, carried down a large quantity of alluvial 
material, which they deposited on the site of Antwerp, and laid the 
foundation of the city. The soil on which it stands is added to the 
natural soil — thence the name. It was applied to us with a kind of 
prophetic intimation. We accept it as our motto, and as indicative of 
our condition. Addition, — gradual, steady addition, — like the deposits 
which a river makes of the soil which is diffused through its waters, — 
a rich addition, as all alluvial soil is known to be. Addition to our 
agricultural resources, — addition to arts and trade, — progress in re- 
sources, wealth, industry, enterprise, virtue, humanity, the spirit and 
principles of religion, and every element that contributes to elevate, 
adorn, and bless a Town, State, and Nation. The river of our pros- 
perity, which flows down from the past, continues to make its constant, 
silent deposit of the selectest materials, enlarging, deepening, enriching 
the foundations on which we hope to stand till the end of time. 

There is one respect in which we claim not only to have made a 
great advance, but to stand before the age. 

I refer to the great subject of Demonology and spiritual communica- 
tions. Whatever there is in spiritual manifestations, either by rapping or 
turning over tables, that is supposed to indicate progress in this world 
or the other, we can exhibit an account of phenomena which surpass 
them all. We are a hundred and sixty years in advance of all these 
manifestations. The people of " Salem Village " had communications 
with spirits in 1692, and, according to received accounts, spirits much 
more powerful than indicate their presence now. They could not only 



118 

rap floors and ceilings, but rap shoulders and knuckles, and inflict the 
most grievous wounds. They could not only turn over tables, but fly 
through the air without wings. The people of Danvers have had such 
spiritual wonders passing among them that they have little or no taste 
for these modern exhibitions. They look down upon them as inferior 
imitations. Their reputation is so high in these matters, and their 
point of progress so far ahead, that they can afford to stand still and 
wait for the ago to come up. But you may be assured that if ever 
they should see fit to take up this subject again, they will throw every 
thing tliat now appears into the shade. They will exhibit spirits 
which will not only turn over tables, but will capsize the White Moun- 
tains, and rap loud enough to be heard across the Atlantic. They 
hope that they shall not be unduly pressed to make developments in 
reference to this matter ; but if they are driven to extremities, and 
called upon to vindicate their equality to the progress of the age, they 
will not shrink from the effort, and will throw all the glory of the age 
into the shade, by reason of the " glory that excelleth." 

They have the means of doing this, of which the public are not 
generally aware. On the grounds which I occupy, stood, formerly, 
the house of Rev. Mr. Parris, in which Salem Witchcraft commenced. 
There is a rose-bush which stood in the garden, or front yard connected 
with the house, and which I think grew there in 1692. And my 
reason for the belief is that it gives evidence of being possessed of 
extraordinary powers of vitality. It has been cut down by the scythe 
in all stages of the moon, and when the signs of the almanac were all 
right ; it has been repeatedly ploughed up ; but it will live on — it grows 
as vigorously and blooms as beautifully as ever. I have no doubt that 
it is bewitched — that is, as much bewitched as any person or thing 
ever was bewitched. I had cut off" a slip which I intended to exhibit, 
but unfortunately have lost it. The audience need not have been 
afraid of it ; I am not a 7nedium, and have no means of calling its 
latent virtue into action. The bush I suppose to be a reservoir of witch 
fluid, which the inhabitants have only to find means to bring into 
operation, to make such awful demonstrations as would surpass all 
former fame. They have no mischievous designs at present, but will 
be ready to put down all rival pretensions when the exigency requires 
it. In the meantime, instead of making any further progress in de- 
monology, they will turn their attention to more earthly matters. 

On this occasion, which closes the first century of our municipal 
existence, it is natural to recur to what has transpired within that 
period. It is among the most eventful centuries which have elapsed. 
When this portion of Salem was made a district, Washington was only 
twenty years of age, and has acquired all his transcendent and immor- 
tal fame since that period. The man who wrote the Declaration of 
Independence was a lad still younger. Scarcely more thought was 
entertained of being severed from the mother country and living under 
this republican government, than now exists in China that that country, 
in twenty or thirty years, will adopt our political institutions. What a 
vast change has taken place in the country and world ! The century 
on which we have entered will witness still greater changes. American 
Republicanism will have dlff'used itself over Europe. Republics will 
line the whole coast of dark and deijraded Africa. Our ideas and 



119 

institutions will have penetrated the depths of Asia. This town will 
probably be a populous city, sending up its numerous spires to the 
heavens, and having streets crowded with a busy population. 

As we take leave of this day, we look forward with hope, not un- 
mingled with solicitude, to the future. We bequeath to the generations 
following, of this century, a precious inheritance. We bequeath to 
them a soil devoted to God by prayer, and baptized into the name of 
Liberty by Revolutionary blood ; and charge them never to alienate 
from its high consecration. We bequeath to them the graves and 
memory of most worthy men, whose characters we hope they will 
ever respect, and whose virtues we trust they will copy. We bequeath 
to them a religion whose spirit we pray that they may ever cherish, 
and principles of liberty which we hope will ever burn with unquench- 
able ardor in their hearts. We bequeath to them homes, which we 
desire may continue to be adorned with domestic virtue and the richest 
sources of peace. We bequeath to them habits of industry, love of 
order, attachment to temperance, privileges and institutions which we 
implore that they may preserve and perfect with the greatest care. 
We hope that when the morning of June 16, 1952, shall dawn upon 
this town, it shall illuminate a religious, free, intelligent, improved, 
prosperous, happy people. 

The first regular sentiment was then announced as follows : — 

His Excellency the Governor — Honorably known for the interest he has taken 
in our Revolutionary history. We hail his presence here as a testimony of his 
appreciation of the part taken by Danvers in that great struggle for Constitu- 
tional Liberty. 

Governor BOUTWELL responded substantially in the following 
terms : 

Mr. President : — It is true that I have come here to take an humble 
part in commemorating the services of your Revolutionary ancestors ; 
and the noble character they bore in the great struggle for freedom, is 
worthy of all the festivities and pageantry of this occasion. 

But it is not to those services only, and the emotions they inspire, 
that these moments are dedicated. VVe are carried to Colonial and 
Provincial times, and remember that a Republic was founded at noon- 
day, in the sight of the world. Uncertain history traces the Roman 
Empire to a band of robbers, while human knowledge seeks in vain 
for the origin of the institutions of Great Britian. How fortunate the 
contrast which America presents ! Our humble origin, our slow, but 
sure progress, as well as present power, all are known. There is 
neither uncertainty nor mystery in American history. 

These municipal anniversaries are important. The orator and poet 
may preserve minute, though well authenticated, facts, and treasure 
traditions, which will give life and intelligence to the historian's page. 

Each day has its history. All of us help to give character to our 
day, and are therefore responsible for that character. So of a town. 
Each of our more than three hundred towns has its history. From 
the lives and opinions of individual men comes the history of towns ; 
and from the lives and opinions of individual men, combined with our 
municipal annals, comes the history of states and the nation. 



120 

It is not a mistake that we judge a town by its leading or notable 
men. If a community has produced men of talents, courage, or 
learning, it is not an idle delusion in the public mind which gives 
prominence to that fact. We cannot but receive the idea of represen- 
tative men. Eminent statesmen, orators, warriors and philosophers, 
are only the leading statesmen, orators, warriors and philosophers of 
the communities in which they dwell. The native nobility of one man 
is some evidence of the general, even though inferior, nobility of the 
race to which he belongs. Many generations and many men contrib- 
uted to the creation of one Shakspcare ; and the fame of one Shak- 
speare immortalizes a nation. Washington represented the heart, and 
illustrated the principles, of the American people. It would not be 
too much to say that he was indebted to his country, and therefore his 
countrymen may well share the immortality of his name and character. 

It is in this view that I have listened to your story of the deeds of 
the heroic men of Danvers and of the County of Essex. First of all, 
the fame of those deeds is yours, citizens of Danvers and of Essex ; 
but beyond your claim, though not superior to it, that fame belongs to 
Massachusetts and to the country. The value of a deed of heroism 
or patriotism, or of a progressive step in learning or civilization, is 
local and peculiar at the same time that it is universal and indivisible. 
When, therefore, you unfold the character of Foster, or narrate the 
services of Putnam, you speak to us even who are citizens of other 
counties. But you are not, I take it, confined to the present limits of 
your town. As Danvers was once Salem, so Salem, for all time, must 
contribute to the just renown of Danvers. You have an equal interest 
in Endicott, whose unostentatious worth was appreciated by the whole 
colony. In the Higginsons, of three generations, whose piety, patriot- 
ism, and learning, identified their names with the history of Massachu- 
setts. In William Hathorne, who seemed fitted for every position, 
either in the council, field, or church. In the Brownes, who were 
liberal men, and contributed to the college at Cambridge. 

But, gentlemen of Danvers, your claim to the public spirit and 
courage of the one hundred men who marched to the line of danger 
on the 19th of April, 1775, is first, but not exclusive. So the value 
you attach to the fact that Putnam was a native of Danvers, arises 
from the consideration that a republic is jealous of any exclusive 
appropriation of his bold patriotism and generous recklessness of 
danger. 

In modern times, also, the County of Essex has produced many 
distinguished men. This occasion, I think, will permit an allusion to 
two, whose acquaintance I enjoyed. I speak of Mr. King, of Danvers, 
and Mr. Saltonstall, of Salem. Mr. King was better known to you 
than to me ; but I knew him enough to appreciate the integrity of his 
character, and his conscientious discharge of the duties of private and 
public life. 

I knew Mr. Saltonstall in the last months — I cannot say years — of 
his existence. But, sir, I knew him enough to admire and respect 
the bland simplicity and elegant purity of his life and conversation ; 
and all who knew him appreciated the kind qualities of his heart, to 
which were added a high order of talents and reputable learning. In 



121 

the closing moments of liis life, I doubt not he was sustained and 
soothed by an unfaltering trust, and approached his grave 

" Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch 
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

The men and the generations of whom we have heard to-day 
have passed away. Their deeds live and act — but they rest from their 
labors. 

For you, however, there is a future as well as a past. From 1754 
to 1850, your population has increased from less than eighteen hundred 
to more than eight thousand souls. Production and trade have in- 
creased in a greater ratio even. 

But let us contemplate, sir, if we can, the condition of this town an 
hundred years hence, when its inhabitants shall meet to review the 
deeds of Putnam, Foster, and their associates ! They will dwell in a 
city of thirty, forty, or even fifty thousand people. Salem will contain 
at least an hundred thousand souls. Great changes will they recount. 
Great deeds will they narrate. The list of eminent men will be 
lengthened — nobly lengthened. 

And, O, our country, what shall then be thy condition and fate r 
No harm shall come to thee. Thy flag shall then, as now, wave over 
the most distant seas, and thy power be respected by the rudest people. 
Thy territory shall not be limited, but extended ; the Union, taking 
root more and more firmly in the hearts of the people, shall promise 
immortality ; while noble cities upon our oceans, lakes, and majestic 
rivers, shall rival in population, business and wealth, the most pros- 
perous of ancient or modern times. 

In faith let us believe that all then will be well ; that the stars and 
stripes of our national ensign will wave over a free, happy and united 
people ; that liberty to all men will be given and enjoyed ; that our 
commerce will be protected on every sea ; and, finally, that one hun- 
dred years hence witnesses may be present to testify that America and 
Americans have not degenerated. 

Governor Boutwell concluded with the following sentiment : 

The Onward Prosperity of Danvers — May the next Centennial Celebration 
be enjoyed by a people as richly blessed as the present, and as justly proud 
of their ancestors. 

The second regular toast was in honor of Gov. John Endicott, and 
his descendants. It was eloquently responded to by WM. C. ENDI- 
COTT, Esq., of Salem, as follows : 

Mr. President : — I regret that the sentiment you have proposed 
should not be answered by some one more worthy than myself. For 
he who would represent the presence of the great and influential of 
their time, should have something more than their name to entitle him 
to respond to their praises. 

Old John Endicott is not represented here by any, who have a fame 
of their own that can claim fellowship with his ; and I rise merely to 
acknowledge the honor you have done his memory by the sentiment 
you have proposed. 
16 p 



122 

This, sir, is peculiarly a Danvers fest'ival. All the associations of 
the past and the present, all the history and the incidents of twoliim- 
dred years, are gathered here to-day ; and here, too, are collected, 
from all parts of our wide-spread land, those who claim a parentage 
within your fair borders, and those who feel a deep interest in the 
place and in the people. In the latter class I must rank myself. But, 
sir, though I cannot reckon it among the accidents of my life to have 
been born upon your soil, still there is many a tie that places it next in 
my adections to the spot of my birth ; it was here that much of my 
boyhood was passed. I know every farm-house upon your hill-sides, 
and every road upon your surface ; and amid the sea of faces around 
me, there are many whose genial lineaments were impressed upon my 
memory by a thousand little kindnesses, when memory was most im- 
pressible. For two centuries my fathers tilled your soil, and beneath 
it their bones are buried. I claim therefore, sir, if not of you, that I 
am with you to-day in interest and feeling. 

John Endicott was the first landholder of Danvers. Under a colo- 
nial grant in 1632, he took possession of a portion of your soil. 

You stated, sir, in your opening address, that the growth of Danvers, 
during two hundred years, had not been rapid. But, sir, if that stern 
old Puritan could stand here to-day, and look back through the years 
that are past, tracing each wave of progress as it has swept over the 
land, from the time when he rocked Danvers in a cradle, to to-day the 
fulfilment of its manhood, more, vastly more than his hoping heart 
ever dared to dream of, would such a vision realize. He would recall 
it, as he knew it, waving with the original forest, with here and there 
the sparse and scattered clearing, where the sturdy settler was subdu- 
ing the wilderness, and making the earth tributary to his wants ; — and 
he would see it, to-day, the home of a numerous, prosperous, and 
happy people, pouring their active and intelligent industry through all 
the channels of the useful arts, and celebrating here, with so much 
thankfulness and joy, the hour of their nativity. The churches that 
dot your surface would I'emind him that the great cause of religious 
liberty, — the great interest of a devout religion, for the better establish- 
ment and the lasting maintenance of which he crossed the sea, is as 
dear to the hearts of the people now as then. And the schoolhouses 
at every corner, and the bright and joyous throng of public school 
children gathered here, would tell him, that the system first suggested 
by himself in 1641, to educate the children of the state from the treas- 
ury of the state, is now the established principle of the land. It is 
hardly necessary to comment upon the results of that system ; every 
one within the sound of my voice has probably been the recipient of its 
bounty, and feels to-day its influence upon himself. 

And such, Mr. President, as he would see Danvers to-day, he would 
see all the little republics that have sprung from the Puritan stock. 
The change has been a mighty one for the work of but two centuries, 
and the brain grows giddy as we strive to estimate the changes of the 
next. That it has been so mighty, we owe it to the Puritans with all 
their faults, and to those wise principles of government, morals, re- 
ligion and law, which they brought here. The start was a good one, 
the foundation was a strong one, — and if the race be feeble, and the 



123 

superstructure weak, ours is the fault. Almost with a divine prescience, 
they laid the foundations of the state to withstand the shock of ao;es, as 
if they knew what a mighty structure was to be reared upon them in 
the coming time, which would gather within its walls the fugitives from 
all lands. 

Their principles, I trust, are whh us still. They recognized no am- 
bition as worthy, but that which ministered to the general welfare ; they 
aimed at the useful alone ; they discarded forms, and rites, and cere- 
monies ; they regarded religion not as mystery, but as a reality ; they 
thought all men equal, and recognized no superior but their God. 
They left no memorials of their greatness carved in marble, or painted 
on canvas ; they reared no temples and no palaces, nor did they seek 
to revive here the glories of Old England. How unlike in this the 
other colonists of America ! 

The Spaniards, with their armies, pierced into the forests of the 
New World, and wherever their steps have been, they have left turret 
and battlement, column and spire, — the stern castle, and the stately 
cathedral with its swelling organ, its statues and its pictures ; and the 
splendors of old Spain were mirrored in the new. And the weak civ- 
ilization, that struggles for existence in Spanish America, tells the story 
of their folly. 

But, sir, the Puritan left his memorials graven upon a more enduring 
substance than marble or canvas ; he left them stamped upon the char- 
acter of his posterity. In the love of liberty regulated by law, — in 
the indomitable energy, thrift, and enterprise, — in the religious senti- 
ment and the moral purpose, — in the wide-spread, comprehensive sys- 
tem of education, — in everything that has contributed to the moral 
elevation and material prosperity of the people of New England, we 
read the works of the Puritan. What a charter, sir, is this, for the 
liberties and the true glory of a nation ! 

There was a stern utility in all the aims of the Puritan, which de- 
prives life, with us, of many of its graces and refinements ; and while 
we retain their glorious characteristics, let us remember that it is our 
mission to engraft upon them and to cultivate the love of letters, of 
science, and of art, and make the land we have inherited as famous 
for its culture as it is for its progress ; and while we strew our path 
with the monuments of our success in the useful and material arts, — 
while we level the mountain, and bridge the sea, and make the iron 
and the steel throb with intelligence, let us strive also to leave behind 
us monuments of intellectual triumphs, which shall outlast the struc- 
tures of human hands. 

But I am reminded, sir, by my recollection of the history of Danvers, 
that many of your citizens have labored well and faithfully in the 
vineyards of letters and science. There is a long list of divines, be- 
ginning in the early days of your history, and coming down to the 
present time, who have found leisure, amid the duties of their calling, 
to cultivate a taste for letters, and to enrich the literature of the land. 
You, Mr. President, well represent them here. There was Eppes, 
known as '• the greatest schoolmaster in New England," famous for 
his classical learning and his genial culture. In later times there was 
Read, distinguished for the encouragement he gave to science, manu- 



124 

factures, and the arts, and to whom, perhaps, the world would have 
been indebted for the steamboat, if his means had been equal to his 
ingenuity. Bowditch, too, passed his youth among you, and the burn* 
ing genius of the boy first gazed with awe and wonder upon the moon 
rising over your own hills. There is one among you now, — I see him 
here, — whose humorous and brilliant pen brings laughter and delight 
to many a fireside, and of whom I will only say that he writes too lit- 
tle. There loas another, whom many of you doubtless remember, — 
he was a college companion of my own, — the young, the graceful, and 
accomplished scholar, cut off in the first bloom of his manhood ; he 
lived too short a life for the world to know him, but the memory of his 
virtues and his talents is dearly cherished by all his friends. 

Pardon me, Mr. President, for trespassing so long upon your atten- 
tion ; the hour is replete with thought and feeling. In conclusion, I 
would express the hope that your future may be, like your past, hon- 
orable, prosperous, and happy. 

A sentiment alluding to the former unity and present concord be- 
tween Salem and Danvers, was responded to by Hon. CHARLES W, 
UPHAM, Mayor of Salem, who spoke as follows : 

Mr. President : — The unity of spirit and the identity of interest 
spoken of in the sentiment just announced, between Danvers and 
Salem, secure our sympathy in this occasion. But not these alone. 
There is a stronger and closer tie binding us together, as the gentlemen 
of the glee club have just told us. We hold to you a parental relation. 
You are bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh. I bear testimony to, 
although I have not the power adequately to express, the feelings of 
the people of Salem in the brilliant pageant of this your Centennial 
Celebration. They are identical with the deep, the tender, the fervent 
sensibility with which a fond and proud parent rejoices in the welfare, 
honor, and happiness of a cherished and meritorious child. 

Sir, there is much, we think, in the condition and the history of 
Salem of which our people may justly be proud, — a virtuous ancestry, 
— a commercial genius, of which all seas and shores have witnessed 
the triumphs, — memorable events, and great names, shedding lustre on 
our annals, — unsurpassed intelligence and wealth, — the manly enter- 
prise of our sons, and the far-famed beauty of our daughters ; — but 
above all things else, old Salem boasts of the towns which have risen 
around her. No Roman Cornelia ever pointed to her ofispring with a 
more glowing admiration than we do to the towns that call us mother. 

It is generally conceded that Massachusetts presents as high a social 
development as any part of our country. Allow me to say, from my 
own recent experience and very extended opportunities of observation, 
that no man can have an adequate conception of the culture to which 
our Commonwealth has attained, without a minute personal exploration 
of its institutions of education, and of the action of the general 
mechanism of society over its entire surface. Of this favored State, 
there is no portion more prosperous or better organized than the old 
County of Essex. And here, within the precincts of the original 
territory of Salem, there is a variety and an accumulation of the 



125 

elements of true civilization and sure progress, eminently remarkable 
and most gratifying. 

Where on the face of the earth does a purer patriotism burn, — 
where are braver hearts to encounter danger, or meet death, in the 
cause of the country, — where a benevolence more prompt to rush to 
the relief of distress, than in Marblehead ? 

In Manchester and Beverly there is an admirable union of the virtues 
and the traits peculiar to an agricultural and a sea-faring population. 
Topsfield and Wenham are among the best specimens of farming 
towns. Danvers presents a cluster of villages with cultivated and 
lovely fields spread out between them ; on no spot does the soil return 
a richer reward to the labor that tills it, and in no farming district does 
the wealth of the people reach a higher average than in Danvers. 

Mr. President, there is an elevated point of view just over your 
border, in Beverly, known as Browne's Hill. The vestiges are still to 
be traced of a lordly mansion, reared in the olden time, by a colonial 
grandee, upon its very summit. The beautiful prospect it affords, and 
the interesting reflections it suggests, have made it a favorite resort. 
On the approach of a bright summer sun-set, a scene is spread around 
it which cannot fail to fill the eye with delight, and the heart with 
patriotic gratitude. It is nearly all comprehended, as it stretches away, 
in every direction, to the horizon, in the original limits of Salem, — 
Manchester, Beverly, Salem, Marblehead, Svvampscot and Lynn in 
front, with the ocean that washes their shores; Middleton, Topsfield, 
Wenham and Hamilton, with their broad fields, behind ; and Danvers, 
one wide-spread garden, beneath. 

In gazing upon this glorious panorama, I always feel, if the most 
exquisite of poets, in his contemplation of an ancient pastoral life, 
could not repress the exclamation. Oh, most fortunate of men ! how 
infinitely more are the free and happy people of this favored region 
called to give thanks to God, for the unequalled blessedness that has 
fallen to their lot ! 

Yes, sir, nowhere does the sun shine upon a happier, more cultiva- 
ted, and more virtuous community, than is included in the landscape 
encircling that lofty eminence. To those towns Salem gave birth. 
We defy any city or country to point to brighter jewels. 

The sentiment to which I am responding, speaks of Salem and 
Danvers as one, although divided. This is true beyond the ordinary 
import of the expression. These two towns have not only always been 
singularly united in sentiment, interest and customs, but one might 
almost dare to deny that they had ever been divided at all. To be 
sure, there is a municipal separation between them, but it is by a line 
so invisible and ideal that it is no easy thing to find it. A large portion 
of your population is in one continuous settlement, with no natural 
boundary or noticeable demarcation from us. I have lived for nearly 
thirty years in Salem, and been somewhat interested in her affairs, but 
I confess that I do not know, this day, where Salem ends, and w'here 
Danvers begins. It is indeed an imaginary, and some of us hope it 
will be found a vanishing line that separates us. 

Mr. President, it is a privilege accorded to parents to find fault with 
their children, while they will not allow others to do it. If any body 



126 

else, an outsider, should bring a charge against you, we Salem people 
would be quick to resent it, but as among ourselves, in this family 
meeting, tiiere is one complaint we have to make. Your distinguished 
orator bas bad something to say to-day about Salem Witchcraft. 
Everybody knows that all the rest of the world is equally responsible 
with us for that delusion ; but by a sort of universal conspiracy, the sin 
is laid wholly at our door. We cannot visit a nook or corner of the 
globe but the story of the Salem Witchcraft stares us in the face. To 
this we have learned to submit ; but for you Danvers people to talk 
about Salem Witchcraft is a little too much. Why, sir, you were the 
head and front, source and theatre of the whole affair. It rose and 
raged and kept its head quarters within your limits. It is your witch- 
craft. And we complain, that by getting incorporated as another town 
by another name, by assuming an alias, you have escaped and left the 
whole thing upon our hands. 

But while you thus adroitly avoid the reproach upon our name, we 
mean to settle the account by claiming a share of the honors that have 
gathered around yours. You may talk, if you choose, about Salem 
Witchcraft; we will boast of Putnam, of the immortal proto-martyrs of 
the 19th of April, 1775, whose ashes rest beneath yonder monument, 
and of all that is excellent in your history and condition. They are 
ours as well as yours. Allow me, in return for the sentiment that has 
called me out, to assure you, and the community you represent, that 
Salem rejoices in your prosperity, and is proud of your character, and 
to offer the following : 

Danvers and Salem — No municipal boundaries or legislative arrangements 
can sever the tie that binds them together. 

The President then proposed the following sentiment : 

TVie Memory of Gen. Israel Putnam — As by his strong hand and stent heart 
he conferred credit and renown on his country, so the virtues and intelligence 
of those who bear his name confer honor on their native town. 

ALLEN PUTNAM, Esq., of Roxbury, spoke in reply to this as 
follows : 

Mr. President : — Though you name me as from Roxbury, I was 
born in Danvers, and few present have better claims than i to call 
themselves Danvers men ; because my ancestors, for at least two hun- 
dred and eleven years, have dwelt upon the spot where I was born and 
reared. 

Those bearing the name of Putnam are numerous. The orator of 
the day has called them prolific, — and they have been so. Not a tithe 
of those worthy of remembrance can be named in the short time that 
properly belongs to me. I had hoped that others of the same name 
would have been called upon to speak here, — especially one whose age 
and infirmities forbid his presence with us, — but whose nice discrimi- 
nation, hgal knowledge, and polished pen adorn our judicial reports, 
and by whom the ermine was long worn, and laid aside unsoiled.* 
Another, too, I had hoped to bring with me from my present home, 

* Hon. Samuel Putnam. 



127 

who could speak to you in strains of earnest eloquence, with strong 
good sense and playful ease. Had lie come, the clergyman of Rox- 
bury* would have presented, in his own person, about as good a speci- 
men of itself as the family can now furnish. 

In their absence you see fit to call upon me. Nearly fifty years ago 
I began life four miles north from here, — away up in " The Bush." 
Secluded there, 1 knew little in my boyhood of this court end of the 
town. Once, however, — and it was soon after I began to strut and 
swell in my first jacket and trowsers, — they brought me down to spend 
a day at Capt. Sylvester Proctor's. While there, a kind shop-boy led 
me out for my amusement, and conducted me down to the brook which 
runs hard by, and there, tying a twine to a stick, and crooking a pin 
for a fish hook, and turning over rocks to find a worm, he soon equipped 
me for my first exploits at fishing. And if I put things together aright, 
and reason correctly, that boy is now receiving a recompense for his 
kindness to me, as well as for his many other good deeds, in his ample 
means and ampler disposition to befriend his fellow-countrymen, and 
adorn the American name, in the metropolis of Great Britain. That 
boy was our distinguished townsman, George Peabody. 

Let me return to " the bush ;" and running back into the past through 
my father Daniel, who sits beside me, and on whose head the snows of 
almost four score winters, spent in your midst, have fallen, and whom 
you know ; and through my grandfather Israel, a man of energy blended 
with kindness, and '•'■without guile;'''' through them I reach David, my 
great-grandfather; Lieutenant David, an officer in the king's troops, 
and, as described to me by Col. Timothy Pickering and others, who 
had seen and known him, " the rider of the best horse in the Province," 
and foremost among the resolute and energetic men of his day, — much 
like his younger brother, whose deeds gave lustre to the name. The 
sisters are handed down to us in the family tradition as remarkable for 
energy and fearlessness, riding colts, often without saddle or bridle, — 
and one of them, on one occasion, not dismounting until the colt had 
carried her into the house and up one flight of stairs. The youngest of 
that family was Israel, the " Old Put." of the Revolution. These res- 
olute and energetic brothers and sisters were true, — but no more than 
true, — to \\\q\x parentage. 

Time has thrown deep shadows upon the decade from 1690 to 1700, 
and it may be that the objects now to be seen there are more of imag- 
ination than of true vision ; yet, often while musing upon some few 
facts which tradition hands down, and the church records partially sup- 
port, there has appeared, beneath the delusion of a former age and the 
dust of time, one luminous spot which the intervening generations have 
failed to mark. There were some deeds unmentioned in the recorded 
annals of town or church, which will bear bringing out from obscurity 
to the full light of day. 

The records of the church were then made and kept by a full be- 
liever in witchcraft. One side of the case is shown with fulness ; the 
other is to be read and filled up by the light and help of tradition. In 
the record, (I trust memory for more than twenty years,) the names of 
Joseph Putnam and Elizabeth Putnam appear as petitioners for a coun- 

• Rev. George Putnam. 



128 

cil, to try the Rev. Mr. Parris because of his harsh denunciations of 
those who disbelieved in witchcraft as the work of the Devil. Tradition 
says that Mr. Parris denounced Joseph Putnam and others as the agents 
of Satan, and his assistants in promoting the very witchcraft which 
they professed to disbelieve. It says, also, that Joseph Putnam kept 
himself and his family armed for six months, day and night, — and that 
his horse was fed at the door, saddled and with bridle over his head 
through all that time. 

My grandfather Israel, his sister Eimice, and his brother Jesse,* 
(grandchildren of this Joseph and Elizabeth,) born within fifty or sixty 
years of the time referred to, and brought up upon the spot, have each 
repeatedly rehearsed these traditions in my hearing, and all the cir- 
cumstances known to me tend to support their correctness. 

Let me linger awhile upon these few facts, and the known opinions 
and events of that memorable period, — when the powers of darknees, 
and of all imaginable evils, were supposed to be working with unwonted 
diligence and success, — when some unseen but dreaded power was 
mysteriously contorting limbs, — strangely moving meal-chests and 
chairs — putting the cow into the small goose-house, — and working other 
startling things past comprehension ; when the powers and perceptions 
of many persons were strangely enlarged and frightfully exerted, — 
when witchcraft enacted its many alarming feats ; — then was a time 
which truly and emphatically " tried men's souls.'''' 

When man meets man, — when nation contends with nation, — when 
one sees his enemy and can measure his strength and power, — then 
reason may sit calmly upon her throne, and nerve the heart and the arm 
of many a comvion man to dare and to do bravely. But when the foes 
are the invisible powers of the air, — when terror and imagination may 
conjure up a direful enemy from behind each bush or rock by the way- 
side, from each dark hole in cellar or garret, from out the liquid water 
or the solid earth, from above, beneath or around, — when the general 
mind is alarmed and phrensied by the believed presence and agency 
of innumerable evil spirits, — when the clergy teach, when the church 
believes, and the opinion spreads wide and deep through the public 
mind, that devils are peculiarly busy in deluding and destroying souls, 
— when witchcraft is treated as a fact, in the pulpit and in the halls of 
justice, — when the bewitched one has but to name the bewitcher, and 
that bewitcher, on such simple testimony, is sentenced to the gallows, 
— when all these things, and more than these, conspire to turn the 
brain and shake the nerves, — then how clear the head that can look 
through these dense, dark mists of phrensied popular delusion ! — how 
strong and brave the heart that can withstand the mighty pressure, and 
look with unquailing eye upon all the dangers with which devils and 
man can confront him ! Such heads there were, — such hearts there 
were. Heroism was there, true and noble ; moral courage was there, 
lofty and adamantine ; — courage, far, far higher than that which was 
needed to lead one into the dark den of the savage wolf. 

* This Jesse was a graduate of Harvard, a merchant of Boston, known and 
distinguished for general intelligence, great urbanity, and a high sense of 
mercantile honor. A skilful weigher of evidence, and truthful, his narrations 
(containing many details not mentioned here) are deemed good authority. 



129 

The slayer of the wolf, — the unquailing commander amid the 
dangers of the battle-field, — stands second to none in point of courage; 
and yet, if I read the dim past aright, his father and mother were- not 
second to him. A single word from a bewitched one, naming the 
unbelieving Joseph as the author of the witchery, and the whole 
ecclesiastical, civil and military power of Salem would have been set 
at work for his arrest and execution. Neighbors, relatives, fellow 
communicants of the church, were his foes; and yet he stood, for six 
long months, armed, vigilant, resolute, shielded by his own true courage 
and that God whom he dared to serve in honesty. 

The biographers of the General, regarding him only as a Connecti- 
cut man, never said much of his parentage. They probably knew 
little or nothing of it. But he was a hero "descended from heroes;" 
the son was a new edition of the. father, more widely known and read, 
but not much improved. 

The father, though his own deluded age could not see or dared not 
acknowledge his greatness, and though concealed from the view of 
succeeding days by the shadows of time, yet seems to have stood firm 
and unharmed, amid the tempests and torrents of delusion, 

Like some tall cliff that lifts its rugged form. 
Swells from the vale, and midway leaves the storm — 
Though round its breast the rolling clouds are spread, 
Eternal sunshine settles on its head ; — 

calm amid the marvels and terrors of witchcraft, a fit beacon light, 
it may be, for the present times. 

If the modern stories are true, tables and chairs are renewing their 
antics. It has not been my fortune to witness their leapings and danc- 
ings, but credible men say, in all soberness, that they have seen strange 
things, as marvellous as witchwork. So be it : convince me if you 
can that they are true, and I will believe them the same kind of opera- 
tions that so fearfully disturbed the peace of our town in days of old. 
Witchcraft and spiritual rappings are one and the same ; but neither is 
supernatural, — neither demoniacal, — neither what need disturb even 
the most timid heart or the v/eakest brain. Tell me how electricity or 
any other subtile agent, passing from my brain along the arm, makes 
my fingers move, and I will tell you how electricity may lift the table 
without the help of hands. Both are inexplicable, — neither supernat- 
ural, — one we see every hour, — the other only at long intervals, — one 
is the daily sun, — the other an eccentric comet, — both harmless, — aye, 
both useful, — obeying the laws of a wise and good God, and working 
out his beneficent purposes. Let the rappings be investigated, calmly, 
philosophically, and they will be found conforming themselves to the 
same laws which govern the motions of our fingers of flesh ; they 
may become sources of instruction and valuable consolation. I know 
not what they are, have neither seen nor heard the wonders, but if it 
be heresy to disbelieve in them as the work of demons or evil spirits, 
or anything baleful, and if one shalUanathematize me because of such 
heresy, he will find, at least I trust he will, enough of the old spirit 
transmitted to keep me true to my convictions, and true to the God 
who rules not only man but all spirits and all agents, whether in realms 
17 q 



130 

below, around or above. At present, I neither believe, nor reject, nor 
fear. Let the marvels come ; let tables, and meal-chests, and broom- 
sticks fly without visible help ; and what is there alarming in that ? 
All will go on in obedience to that God who so long kept hid the 
lightning's power to go in the twinkling of an eye and write our 
messages in New Orleans ; and through all whose works, both of 
matter and of mind, are diff'used vital germs of progress and neio 
development. 

Electricity and magnetism are new in science, — new as controllable 
agents in the hands of man, — but yet have been pervading matter 
through all time, and have at intervals been working the wonders of 
demonology. Science may, ere long, find means to make these strange 
powers common, and train them to good service in lessening the evils 
and promoting the true welfare of man. 

It may have been unwise in me to attempt to throw light into the 
darkness that shrouds my ancestors, and bring their deeds before you, 
because you thus are made to see that, as with wines, so with the, 
Putnams, the old are better than the new. 

The President then announced the following sentiment, and called 
upon Hon. JOHN G. PALFREY : 

77ie County of Middlesex — The home of Industry, Enterprise, and Literature. 
We welcome to our festive board one of her most distinguished sons, whose 
reputation for learning belongs to our country, but is known far beyond its 
boundaries. 

Mr. PALFREY responded nearly as follows : — 

I rise, Mr. President, with some feelings of embarrassment, not for 
the want of a topic on which to remark, but from the great number 
and variety which press and crowd on my attention. I can make but 
a passing allusion to one or two. Let me first say, that his Honor the 
Mayor of Salem makes claims on you for a share of your ancestral 
honors on grounds of relationship which appear to me quite paradoxi- 
cal. The other gentleman from Salem, who has so happily and ably 
responded to the sentiment in honor of his distinguished ancestors, 
seems to claim to be among the ancients, and to come from the first 
settlers of the soil. I am not sure that I can see in the youthful coun- 
tenance of the gentleman any striking resemblance to the picture of 
his ancestor, which looks down from the walls of the Senate Chamber. 
There are some of us who look upon Governor Endicott as among the 
moderns in New England history. When the vessel which bore the 
first Governor of Massachusetts was entering the harbor of Salem, she 
was anxiously watched from the beach by four individuals, styled, in 
the quaint chronicles of the time, as " Roger Conant and three sober 
men." The vessel swung to her moorings and flung the red cross of 
St. George to the breeze, a boat put off* for the shore, and, that the 
Governor might land dry shod, Roger Conant and his " three sober 
men" rolled up their pantaloons, — or rather those nether garments 
which we in these degenerate days call pantaloons, — waded into the 
water and bore him on their shoulders to the dry land. Roger Conant 
and his sober men had been here a long time, but how long it is un- 



131 

necessary to state, but so long that the houses they had buih sadly 
needed repair. Now these three sober men were — Balch, Woodbury, 
and the third bore a surname* which I forbear to mention, but will 
only say that it was one which it becomes me not to disgrace. 

Some allusion has been made here, Mr. President, to the Witchcraft 
delusion of your ancestors. It is sadly true, sir, that this great delu- 
sion existed, yet I think a good word may be said in behalf of the 
actors. May it not have been that your ancestors acted from high and 
holy motives, from excessive zeal for what they regarded as God's 
will ? The superstition of witchcraft was the dismal error of the times, 
and your ancestors, not being wiser than the wisest of their cotempo- 
raries on both sides of the water, had their full share in the delusion. 
Can any of us say that had we lived in that day we would have seen 
deeper into things than Sir Edward Coke and Sir Matthew Hale .? Yet 
those sages of the law held the same doctrine on the same subject of 
witchcraft as the Massachusetts fathers, and expounded and adminis- 
tered it in the Court of the King's Bench. And let me tell you, that 
in that awfully dark passage of our early history, all is not darkness. 
In one view it appears lighted up with a lurid, indeed, but with a ma- 
jestic blaze. If this witchcraft madness has left a peculiar blot upon 
the history of Massachusetts, it is because of this great difference be- 
tween her people and that of other communities whose annals bear no 
such stain, viz., that what both alike professed to believe, the former 
more consistently and honestly acted out. Deplore as we may the 
grievous infatuation, still more even than we lament and condemn that, 
we find cause to applaud the brave and constant spirit that would never 
quail before the awful delusion that possessed it. It was no less than 
the powers of darkness that these men believed to be in arms against 
them. And they did not shrink even from that contest ; they feared 
neither man nor the devil ; they feared nothing but God. They im- 
agined the Prince of Hell, with his legions, to be among them, " the 
sacramental host of God's elect," seeking among them whom he might 
devour ; and they gave place to him " by subjection, no, not for an 
hour." Set upon by invisible and supernatural foes, they thought of 
nothing but stern defiance, deadly battle, and the victory which God 
would give his people. They would have made bare the arm of flesh 
against the Serpent in bodily presence, could he have put on an assail 
able shape. As it was, they let it fall without mercy on those whom 
they understood to be his emissaries. 

I "cannot close without paying my tribute of respect to the memory 
of your late distinguished fellow-citizen, the representative of this dis- 
trict in the Congress of the United States. I knew him well. As 
colleagues in the thirtieth Congress, our public duties brought us into 
daily intercourse. During our most agreeable and intimate friendship, 
I felt a growing i-espect for his sound intellect, his warm patriotism, 
and his reliable judgment. The faithful and conscientious performance 
of all his duties as a friend, a citizen, and a statesman, justly entitle 
Mr. King to the name of a Christian patriot. 

Without enlarging upon his many sterling qualities, which have 
already been alluded to by several speakers, I cannot better illustrate 

* Peter Palfrey. 



132 

his entire devotion to public business, — which was equalled only by the 
warm and genial impulses of his heart, — than by relating an incident 
which is still fresh in my recollection. 

On the occasion to which I allude, the House had been occupied for 
several days in the discussion of an important question of public policy. 
The debate was now drawing to a close, and the House had remained 
in session during the entire night. Towards morning I approached his 
seat, and I observed that he met my salutation with a countenance less 
bland, and a response less cordial than usual. Knowing the deep in- 
terest he had felt in the debate, I naturally attributed his unwonted 
manner to the fatigue we all felt from our protracted sittings. I play- 
fully alluded to these circumstances, and, in reply, he placed in my 
hands an unsealed letter that lay on his table, requesting me to read it. 
I did so. It contained the sad intelligence that a beloved daughter was 
dangerously sick, and lay, it was feared, at the point of death. Per- 
ceiving from its date that it must have been in his possession for 
considerable time, I inquired why he had not started for his home 
immediately on receiving it. "I cannot leave,", said he, "until the 
final vote on this question is taken." The vote. was taken that night, 
and in a few hours he was on his way to Massachusetts ; but, ere this, 
the spirit of his child had departed, — his home was desolate, — and he 
arrived barely in time to attend the funeral. 

I will detain you no longer. Mr. President, than to thank you for the 
kind allusion to me in your resolution, and to express the intense satis- 
faction I have felt in participating in the magnificent display and inter- 
esting festivities of this occasion. 

To a sentiment in honor of those citizens of Danvers who have 
adorned the Bench and the Bar, ALFRED A. ABBOTT, Esq., first 
Vice President of the day, responded as follows : 

Mr. President : — I could have wished that some one worthier than 
myself, some one of the many distinguished strangers who gladden and 
grace our festive board to-day, could have been called upon to respond 
to the sentiment you have just announced. But as you have been 
pleased to assign this duty to me, I know not how better to relieve my 
own embarrassment and the patience of this assembly, than by address- 
ing myself at once, and very briefly, to the theme which your senti- 
ment suggests. 

Distinguished as have been many of the sons and citizens of this an- 
cient town in other spheres of action and walks of life, few, if any of 
them, have ever had more signal success or a brighter fame, than some 
of those who, on the bench and at the bar, dignified and adorned the 
profession of the law. I propose to allude to three or four names, 
certainly worthy to be mentioned on an occasion like this, when we 
may be expected, with a pride neither ill-timed nor immodest, to com- 
memorate all those whose character and virtues have brightened our 
local annals. And the first name, sir, is that of Samuel Holten, — or, 
as he is more popularly remembered, Judge Holten. He was not bred 
to the bar, but, at the early age of eighteen, begun the duties of active 
life as a physician, in which profession he continued with success and 



|^(J?i^ 








Jjiist "by King, 



133 

growing reputation for some sixteen years. In 1768, at the age of 
thirty, he commenced a public career which ended only with his life, 
at the advanced age of nearly four score, — a half century of as active 
and useful labor as was performed by but few men of his times. He 
was eight years a representative in the General Court, five in the Sen- 
ate, twelve in the Council, five in Congress as a representative under 
the Confederation, (of which august body he was chosen President,) 
and two years under the Federal Constitution. This was his distin- 
guished career as a legislator, — in which, relinquishing entirely his 
profession and all private business, he devoted himself wholly to the 
service of his country. A patriot, in times when patriotism was more 
than a name, few men were so active and influential from the very 
outset of the revolutionary struggle to its triumphant close. And in 
the troubled times which succeeded, when the good ship, — an argosy 
freighted with a world's hopes, — which so gallantly had rode out the 
storm and tempest of the battle, came nigh to being stranded even on 
the very shore which was to be the haven of her eventful voyage, this 
man was one of those whose sober reason, unerring judgment, and 
calm but stern resolve assuaged the mutinous strife, and conducted the 
high but perilous endeavor to its successful and glorious accomplish- 
ment. Equally distinguished was Judge Holten's judicial career. For 
thirty-two years he was one of the Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, presiding half of that time ; thirty-five years a Justice of the 
Court of General Sessions, fifteen of those years being Chief Justice 
of the same ; and nineteen years Judge of Probate for the county of 
Essex. Intelligent and incorruptible, presiding with dignity, hearing 
with patience, and deciding promptly, his native good sense and great 
information, joined to a certain natural aptitude for the duties of the 
station, made him a highly capable and efficient magistrate, and se- 
cured him the entire confidence and respect of his fellow-citizens. 

Such, sir, is a meagre outline of the man and his services. It is all 
that the time will allow me to give. But I know that you and all pres- 
ent will sympathize with me as I express the hope that the time may 
never come when we shall forget this name and bright example of a 
former day, or fail to cherish and honor its memory. 

The next name to which I shall allude is that of one who still lives 
in our midst, — I mean the Hon. Samuel Putnam. The family to which 
he belongs is now and always has been a numerous one within our 
borders, and many of its sons in different professions have acquired far 
more than a local celebrity. But no one of them has illustrated the 
family name with a purer life, higher virtues, or juster fame, than him 
of whom I now speak. After a highly honorable and extensive prac- 
tice at the bar, in which he developed the powers of a strong mind 
trained by severe study, an<l accomplished in exact yet comprehensive 
learning, Judge Putnam was raised to the bench of the Supreme Court. 
For more than a quarter of a century did he fulfil, ably and faithfully, 
the duties of this high station, doing his full part to sustain and elevate 
that reputation of our Supreme Bench for profound learning and judicial 
wisdom which has made its decisions standard and indisputable author- 
ity throughout the land. Our Reports contain a great number of his 
opinions, elaborate and rich, than which few are cited with more fre- 



134 

quency, or held in higher respect. At length, when the wciglit of 
increasing years began to oppress him, Judge Putnam voluntarily put 
off the judicial ermine, with a rare delicacy and commendable good 
sense resigning his lofty trust, while yet his mental vigor was unabated, 
and retiring upon his well-earned and still fresh laurels to tlie joys and 
comforts of private life. To pursue the sketch further might seem ill- 
timed. It is enough to say that our venerable townsman still survives, 
the ornament and pride of a large circle, surrounded by all 

" which should accompany old age, 

As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends," 

and that the proud regards of his fellow-citzens may well join in the 
prayer of private affection, 

" Serus in cselum redeai !" 

The third name, sir, I must pass over quite as briefly, — the name of 
one who was not a native of Danvers, nor is he now a resident, but 
who here commenced his professional life, and dwelt among us long 
enough to attach himself closely to the hearts of our people, and to en- 
title us to claim him in making up our jewels. I speak, sir, of Rufus 
Choate, — the lawyer, whose profound learning, acute logic, and honeyed 
speech have swayed grave judges and led juries captive, — the poli- 
tician, whose comprehensive statesmanship and graceful oratory have 
instructed and delighted listening senates, — the scholar, whose varied 
accomplishments and classic tastes have been the admiration of students 
and men of letters, — the man of the people, whose genial sympathies 
have won the hearts, and whose matchless, burning eloquence has 
ruled the passions, of vast popular assemblies. But it is upon his claims 
as a lawyer, more particularly as an advocate, that Mr. Choate's f;ime 
will and properly should rest. As such, neither American nor British 
legal biography can furnish many prouder names, of men who pos- 
sessed equal powers, or whose careers were crowned with such brill- 
iancy and success. It will always be to us, sir, a matter of pride, (nor 
will he fail gratefully to cherish the recollection,) that this distinguished 
man here won his earli(;st garlands, and that the people of Danvers first 
presented him as a candidate for the popular suffrages, and always 
sustained him with an enthusiasm which did equal honor to him and 
credit to themselves. Although of the generation of most of those who 
participate in our present festivities and yet on the swelling tide of his 
triumphs, it will not seem indecorous that he should have received thus 
much of tribute from those who will ever claim the privilege of cher- 
ishing his fame with peculiar care. 

And now, Mr. President, pardon me a few moments longer while I 
perform a brief labor of love. It was my privilege to pursue a portion 
of my studies, preparatory to the Bar, in the oflice of one who, as was 
the case with Mr. Choate, was not a native of Danvers, but who, like 
him, commenced practice here, and for many years was identified with 
the interests of our people ; of one who was cheered by the affections 
and honored with the respect of many whom I see around me, as he 
was by the regards of all, both here and elsewhere, with whom he was 
associated, either in business or social relations ; one whose early 



135 

manhood redeemed in part the bright promise given by his youth of 
extensive usefulness and lasting fame, but whom an untimely death 
cut down at the very threshold of the eminent career upon which he 
had so hopefully entered. I need not say, sir, that I refer to the late 
Joshua Holyoke Ward. He was to me more than a master, — he was 
my friend, and I should wrong my own feelings as well as do injustice 
to departed woi'th, did I fail to recall his virtues, and claim on this 
occasion a tribute to his memory. Mr. Ward was graduated at Cam- 
bridge, and pursued his professional studies at the Dane Law School, 
and in the office of Mr. Saltonstall, at Salem. On his admission to the 
bar, he opened his office in Danvers, where he remained until his 
increasing reputation caused his removal to the principal shire town of 
the county. "A careful, regular, and indefatigable student," his learn- 
ing and logical powers gave him great weight with the court ; while a 
uniform affability, ready wit, unequalled tact, earnest manner, and 
eloquent speech, all combined to win for him the favor of the jury 
and the success of his cause. At Nisi Prius, few men with whom he 
was called to compete equalled him, certainly none of his own age 
and terms at the bar excelled him. In 1844, IMr. Ward was appointed 
an associate Justice of the Court of* Common Pleas. Striking as had 
been his success as a counsellor and advocate, his success as a judge 
was even more marked. Although fresh from those sharp forensic 
encounters in which he had engaged with such warmth and manifest 
pleasure, and which are supposed to develope habits of thought and 
traits of mind not the most favorable for the proper discharge of the 
judicial functions, and although he was taken away before he had 
hardly more time than would seem to have been requisite to adjust his 
robes of office, yet such had been his training, such were his natural 
powers, his aptness and fitness, that he presented at once a model 
example of judicial character and excellence, and made and left a 
broad and shining mark. To quote the criticism of a high authority, 
"Judge Ward, at the time of his death, was the youngest judge of 
any court of record in Massachusetts, and had held a seat on the bench 
for only the short term of four years ; and yet it is true of him, that 
he had lived and served long enough to acquire a reputation which is 
rarely attained for legal learning and skill, and to furnish a model of 
judicial exactness and accuracy, of facility in the despatch of business, 
and of courtesy and impartiality in his intercourse with counsel and 
all parties in court, which has been acknowledged in terms of striking 
commendation by the bars of all the counties. ***** 
As a counsellor and judge, he was remarkable for a quick and ready 
perception of the points of a case, of the proper application of princi- 
ples and precedents, and of the bearing of evidence. His views were 
conceived and expressed with a remarkable clearness ; and it was 
never difficult for him to make palpable, alike to counsel and to juries, 
the precise state of the law, and the material testimony, on which he 
saw that a case must turn. In criminal cases he was eminently suc- 
cessful in assuring the counsel, on both sides, that they should have 
the full benefit of every rule of law, and that exact justice would be 
dispensed in the mode of conducting the? trial. ***** 
Judge Ward was compelled to terminate abruptly a term of the Munic- 



136 

ipal Court, (iit Boston,) when he returned home to pass through his 
last struo-jrle with the excruciating disease which, for several years, 
had threatened the early termination of his life. It serves to increase 
our admiration of his judicial career, and especially of the cheerful 
spirit which he always exhibited, to be thus reminded that the heavy 
labors which devolved upon him were mostly performed while he was 
in a state of bodily infirmity, an J often under the torture of the most 
acute suffering." Such, sir, was the professional character of our 
former neighbor and friend, whose loss is so much to be deplored. 
Most of you remember what he was in other relations, how active and 
useful a citizen, how upright and honorable a man, how amiable and 
attractive in social life; if not, go ask of his brethren, who still cherish 
with peculiar fondness the recollection alike of his public usefulness 
and private virtues. I esteem it an especial privilege to have had the 
opportunity, long desired, of recalling him in this public manner, and 
of testifying my affectionate regards for the memory of one who was, 
with more truth than the poet could say, 

" My guide, philosopher and friend." 

I have thus, Mr. President, in a humble way, in such a manner as 
my poor judgment suggested, performed the task you assigned me. 
I have not alluded to some names which perhaps should have been 
mentioned ; I selected those which by common consent towered above 
all. I can only add that there have been others of the legal profession 
in our midst, from time to time, of great ability and worth, whose 
services secured the patronage, and whose virtues won the confidence 
and commanded the respect of their fellow-citizens. Nor, sir, have I 
time to dwell upon any of those general reflections which naturally 
occur to the mind upon such a review as we have had. Certainly 
here, too, as in everything that relates to our local history, there is 
good cause for congratulation. Let us hope that the future will be as 
honorable as the past. Let us, each and all, and those who come after 
us, so live and act, that when another hundred years shall have passed 
away, those who then celebrate this day and review the generations 
which have gone, shall find in the retrospect equal cause for rejoicing 
and pride. 

The next sentiment was — • 

The Imitative and Fine Arts— These are appropriately represented here by 
the presence of one of our native citizens, the recollections of whose childhood 
and youth are ensraved on his memory. We feel that his fellow-citizens have 
a right to some of the proof impressions. 

To this, GEORGE G. SMITH, Esq., of Boston, responded : 

I suppose, Mr. President, that, according to custom in such cases, I 
must take this kind sentiment as calling upon me to speak, and this, of 
course, I am quite willing to do, — strange if I were not, amid the 
wealth of incentives which are showered upon me by the scene around 
us. Unfortunately, however, I do not feel myself exactly qualified to 
speak, except upon what relates to the order to which I belong. What 
I have to say, therefore, will be of the Operative, and his relations to 
this occasion and to society. 



137 

What is it, then, wliich has so built up the prosperity of our native 
town ? What is the secret of her progress in so short a time from 
what she was to what she is ? It is, is it not, the industry, skill, and 
perseverance of her mechanics ? her men of toil ? her hard-handed 
and clear-headed aristocracy of labor ? the only aristocracy which I 
trust will ever obtain, within her borders, either respect or influence. 

Why, let us look, sir, at the Danvers of the early part of the present 
century ; she then contained, I believe, something short of 3U00 in- 
habitants ; and in the manufacture of leather, for instance, — then, as 
now, her principal product, — there were, as I well remember, from 
Frye's mill up the stream, first Fitch Poole's and Ward Poole's tan- 
yards, then Squiers Shove's, then Edward Southwick's, and then Den- 
ison Wallace's ; and these were all on that road. There was one in 
the lane, I belie/e the oldest of all, good old Deacon Poor's, where I 
have an indistinct recollection of having seen some of the large tubs^ 
still remaining, which tradition had handed down as having been for 
many years the good deacon's only vats. And there were two, 1 think,, 
in New Mills. As for any other branch of handicraft, excepting the 
time-honored manufactories of Danvers china, on Gape lane and South- 
wick's lane, there was reall}^ nothing at all, of any extent. To be sure, 
good old Uncle Henry Buxton had formerly carried on his trade of 
buckle-making, in a little shop situated, I think, between the last Bux- 
ton house and Deacon Poor's ; but we never saw any of the products 
of his ingenuity, for, poor man ! his occupation was gone in our day, 
and had been since that memorable morning when George, Prince of 
Wales, made his appearance in London streets with shoe strings : 
then huckles became unfashionable, and, of course, buckle makers were 
no longer wanted. 

The little shop, however, with its closed windows showing that its 
trade was dead, was an object of great interest to the young America 
of that day, and I remember we used to look at it with a sort of awe- 
struck curiosity, arising, I suppose, from our indefinite ideas of the 
unknown operations formerly carried on there. 

But these good, sleepy, Rip-Van-Winkle days, however, had their 
pleasant side. It was a pleasant place, then, this old town of ours, 
when there were green fields and shady walks where now are dusty 
streets and busy factories. I shall never forget the old back way by 
the pond, with its locust trees, loading the air in the season of blossoms 
with their honey-like fragrance. And the pond ; not as now, but un- 
shorn of its fair proportions, its green banks sloping gently down to the 
clear water, and bordered with bright rushes and flowery water plants. 
But these contrastings of what was with what is, missing the old famil- 
iar faces as well as the old familiar places, are unprofitable. What is, 
must be. Let us be thankful, then, for what we have, — in this occa- 
sion particularly, — and enjoy it, as God means it to be enjoyed. 

To return to our subject. In contrast to what I have described, you 
have now about forty tanneries in the South Parish and in New Mills, 
with about 30OO vats, in which are tanned some 150,000 hides per 
annum, producing annually leather to the amount of perhaps half a 
million of dollars, and giving employment to hundreds of industrious 
workmen. 

18 r 



138 

The shoe busuiess, too, has grown up entirely within the last twenty- 
five years, and adds, perhaps, half a million yearly to the value of 
your products. I say nothing of other handicrafts consequent on these, 
nor of manufactories, which would of course greatly swell the aggre- 
gate amount and value of industrial results ; I wish merely to call your 
attention to the enormous increase from, say 1804, when your popula- 
tion was between two and three thousand, and the value of your pro- 
ducts perhaps $100,000 at most, to 1852, when your population is 
more than 8000, and the value of your products certainly two millions ! 

Now this immense increase in amount and value of the products of 
industry you certainly owe to your mechanics ; they have made it all ! 
It may be said, with the aid of capital. True ; but who made the 
capital ? How was it made ? Was it created by any mysterious 
process aside from the labor of human hands ? Not at all ; capital is, 
and must always be, as much the result of hand labor employed in 
some way, as the building of a house, or the construction of a machine. 

The mechanic, then, or rather the operative, — the Farmer, the Me- 
chanic, and the Artisan, — they are in some sense now, and are getting 
to be more and more, I say, the preponderating and therefore the influ- 
ential class. Let us take the facts then which prove this growing pre- 
ponderance of the operative. 

In our own country, by the census of 1810, — the only one which as 
yet has classified the professions, — there were engaged in agriculture 
and manufactures, more than ninety per cent, of the inhabitants ; in 
England, by the census of the same year, something like eighty per 
cent. ; in France, in 1817, by the estimate of Count Laborde, about 
eighty-two per cent. ; and in the city of Glasgow, in 1831, more than 
fifty per cent., exclusive, of course, of agriculturists. And judging 
from what has formerly taken place, this preponderance of operatives 
has increased rather than diminished. 

Now these data would, on merely numerical grounds, settle the 
question ; but there is another element in the influence of this class, 
which is gradually bringing about changes so important, that the mind 
grows dizzy when it contemplates their possible, nay their inovitaBle, 
results. I mean that ever-increasing intelligence which is continually 
brin"-ing more and more upon an intellectual level the various classes 
of society the world over ; but particularly in this country. Who can 
estimate the changes which this simple consequence of human ad- 
vancement, too much overlooked as it seems to me, is destined to make 
in the world. We cannot foresee precisely what they will be ; they 
will be gradual, no doubt ; they may occupy ages, for aught we know, 
for their full accomplishment : but we do know, we can foresee, that 
when the day arrives in which the term " educated classes" shall have 
lost its meaning, because all classes are educated ; when the operative 
class has all needed knowledge within itself, requiring no aid from any 
other ; then — who can doubt it } — the whole face of society must be 
changed. And, however it may square with our present ideas, sym- 
pathies, or prejudices, the fact is nevertheless certain, that in the 
world's future, — in some shape or other, — the operative 7imst be its 
king. 

1 beg you, Mr. President, to believe that I do not make these 



139 

remarks in any wild spirit of radicalism. I am, in the ordinary sense 
of the word, no radical, that is, no destructionist. I see far too much 
of the mischief which untimely theories have done to the cause of free- 
dom in other lands, to broach them here. I believe, in fact, that true 
progress can go on only under an enlightened conservatism. I believe 
in God's providence ; that he '■'•governs this world with gracious de- 
sign ;" and I recognize his hand as evidently in this, to my view, 
inevitahle consequence of the law of progress, as I do in everything else. 

There is another principle which the operative will come more and 
more to see ; it is this : that his position has been, throughout the ages, 
precisely that to which his intelligence entitled him. This, I think, 
history establishes beyond a doubt ; and he will naturally conclude, 
therefore, that, as it has been in the past, so will it be in the future. 
Suppose, for instance, that the rude serf or mechanic of the Middle 
Ages, (to go no farther back,) had been entrusted with the power, or 
enjoyed the consideration, which is the operative's privilege here, and 
now. What could he have done with them, but sink himself still 
deeper in the abyss of degradation and sensuality to which his igno- 
rance then necessarily confined him. With advancing intelligence, 
come advancing privileges and respect. Has it not always been so, 
and will it not always be so ? And will not the operative, as he gains 
knowledge, voluntarily decline to grasp a power, or a social position, 
which he cannot wield nor enjoy, while he has the certainty that, in 
proportion as he becomes able to wield and enjoy them, they will, — 
and, by the law of Providence, naturally must, — fall into his hands .' 
And I look therefore upon this consequence of advancement with en- 
tire trust that all will be well. True progress permits no violent up- 
rooting of existing institutions ; its march will be gradual, — tranquil. 
Wiser and wiser will its directors grdw, from age to age ; and its full 
consummation will be benevolence and peace. 

Now, Mr. President, I am aware that these opinions of mine, founded 
as I verily believe they are upon sound principles, may, nevertheless, 
be wrong. I am aware that, as thousands wiser than I am have done, 
I may have overlooked some element in the calculati5n, which should 
entirely reverse its conclusions. But, as the more I think on what I 
have said, the more firmly persuaded am I of its truth, and, moreover, 
as I see so much in the scene around me to confirm this persuasion, 
1 must be permitted to hold fast the faith till I am fairly beaten out of it. 

I have said that I see much in the scene around me to confirm these 
conclusions ; and is it not so.? In what other country, under heaven, 
could we look upon an assembly like this, convened under circum- 
stances of such perfect social equality ? Point me out, if you can, the 
aristocratic element of this celebration ? Look at our good Orator ! 
He belongs to one of the learned professions, you say. True, but his 
family was not one of the " Robe," as they used to say in France, be- 
fore the revolution. His good father, — a stalwart specimen he was, too, 
of our legiiimale aristocracy, — would have found himself sadly troubled 
I know by any other robe than his good, old, homespun farmer's frock 
and trowsers. And my old and respected friend the Poet of the day, 
whose well-remembered voice has awakened in my soul so many long- 
buried memories, he will not claim kindred, either, with any other 
aristocracy than this, I know. 



140 

And it is just so with all of us ; the scent of the clay, or ihe shoe- 
maker's wax, or of the tan, or the blacksmith's forge, or the carpen- 
ter's shavings, or some taint of the sort, sticks to us all ; and are we 
ashamed of it ? Not a whit. We rejoice, do we not, that we come 
of a stock which was not born, as used to be said of old, merely " to 
consume the fruits of the earth." We and our fathers before us have 
been, thank God, producers, and not consumers merely ; and " so mote 
it be," henceforth and foi-ever, amen. 

And now, Mr. President, I cannot look upon this scene, redolent of 
happiness as it is, and fraught with early recollections, with bright eyes 
" raining influence," and gray heads rejoicing in the glances of love 
around them, and in the sense of security and peace, without giving 
one thought to those institutions to which, under God, we owe it all. 
Our Country, Mr. President; our whole Country '.with no North, nor 
South, nor East, nor West! O for a little old-fashioned patriotism, 
when we hear her named ! O for that spirit which led the young sons 
of Danvers, in the times which tried men's souls, to brave, at their 
country's call, danger and death in her service ! for less of exclusive 
devotion to mere party ! and for more trust in God, that, without the 
least necessity for violence, or bitterness of feeling, or extreme meas- 
ures of any kind, he will, in his own good time, silently and gradually 
remove all there is of imperfection or wrong, either in our institutions 
or national character ! 

Mr. President : I have detained you too long, I am aware, but must 
throw myself upon the mercy of my fellow-townsmen, and my towns- 
women also, and endeavor, in some measure, to excuse myself by the 
remark, that had I not felt the strongest interest in our town, and her 
concerns and her people, and the influences which have made them 
what they are, I should not have made so long a speech. 1 will close 
with the following sentiment : 

The Son of Labor all over the World — Who touches the earth and it becomes 
food ; who smites upon the rude matter and it becomes gold and silver ; who 
lays his hand upon the cotton and the wool, and the rock, and the timber, and 
the clay, and they* become clothing and shelter. May his usefulness in the 
future be only measured by his intelligence, and his intelligence by the love 
and respect of his fellow-men. 

The PRESIDENT of the day being about to retire, called upon the 
first Vice President to take the chair. Mr. ABBOTT having left the 
table, W. L. WESTON, Esq , second Vice President, was called, and 
upon taking the chair expressed his regret that, by the absence of the 
first Vice President, the duties of presiding over the assembly had 
devolved upon him. Although in assuming the station he felt much 
embarrassment on account of his inexperience in such duties, yet he 
should rely with great confidence on the candor and indulgence of the 
.company to sustain him in his new position. 

It having become known among the guests that a communication 
had been received from George Peabody, Esq., of London, the read- 
ing of it was called for. It was preceded by the following sentiment, 
the announcement of which, and the response it elicited, exciting an 
intense sensation. The sentiment was — 



141 

Our Fellow-Citizen, George Peabody, of London — Holding the highest 
rank amoncr Nature's noblemen, and distinguished in the great centre of the 
Commercial World, he has always done much for the credit and honor of his 
country, and has remembered, with kindness and affection, the place of his 
birth. Danvers may well feel a just pride in the successtul career of such a 
son. 

JOHN W; PROCTOR, Esq., then rose, and, holding in his hand a 
sealed packet, read the following letter : — 

London, 26th May, 1852. 

Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, inviting 
me to be present at the celebration of the one hundredth anniversary 
of the separation of Danvers from Salem, on the 16th of June, or, if 
not able to attend, to signify, by letter, my interest in the occasion. 

I am very sorry that my engagements allow me to comply only with 
the latter part of your request. 

I should have the greatest pleasure in joining in your interesting 
celebration there, if possible. The early associations of my life are 
clustered around oiir ancient town. It was, as many of you know, in 
a very humble house in the South Parish that I was born, and from the 
Common Schools of that Parish, such as they were in 180;} to 1807, 
I obtained the limited education my parents' means could afford ; but 
to the principles there inculcated in childhood and early" youth, I owe 
much of the foundation for such success as Heaven has been pleased 
to grant me during a long business life. Tliough my manhood, before 
coming to England, was spent in Baltimore, (which shares with my 
native town in my kindest feelings,) I still cherish the recollections of 
my earlier days, and anticipate, with much pleasure, a visit to the Old' 
Parish, that 1 may witness the great strides I am told you have been 
making in wealth and improvements. 

It is now nearly sixteen years since I Teft my native country, but I 
can say with truth that absence has only deepened my interest in her 
welfare. During this interval I have seen great changes in her wealth, 
in her power, and in her position among nations. I have had the mor- 
tification to witness the social standing of Americans in Europe very 
seriously affected, and to feel that it was not entirely undeserved ; but, 
thank Heaven, I have lived to see the cause nearly annihilated by the 
energy, industry, and honesty of my countrymen, — thereby creating 
between the people of the two great nations speaking the English 
language, and governed by liberal and free institutions, a more cordial 
and kind feeling than has existed at any other time. The great increase 
of population and commerce of the United States, — the development 
of the internal wealth of the country and enterprise of her people, have 
done much to produce this happy change, and I can scarcely see 
bounds to our possible future, if we preserve harmony among ourselves 
and good faith to the rest of the world, and if we plant the unrivalled 
New England institution of the Common School liberally among the 
emigrants who are filling up the great valley of the Mississippi. That 
this may be done, is, I am persuaded, no less your wish than mine. 

I enclose a sentiment, which I ask may remain sealed till this letter 



142 

is read on the day of celebration, when it is to be opened according to 
the direction on the envelope. 

With great respect, 

1 have the honor to be. 

Your fellow-townsman, 

GEORGE PEABODY. 
To Messrs. John W. Proctor, Andrew Nichols and others. 

The endorsement on the envelope was as follows : — 

[The seal of this is not to be broken till the toasts are being pro- 
posed by the chairman, at the dinner 16th June, at Danvers, in com- 
memoration of the one hundredth year since its severance from Salem. 
It contains a sentiment for the occasion from George Peabody, of 
London.] 

By George Peabody, of London : 

Education — A debt due from present to future generations. 

In acknowledgment of the payment of that debt by the generation 
which preceded me in my native town of Danvers, and to aid in its 
prompt future discharge, I give to the inhabitants of that town the sum 
of Twenty Thousand Dollars, for the promotion of knowledge 
and morality among them. 

I beg to remark, that the subject of making a gift to my native town 
has for some years occupied my mind, and I avail myself of your 
present interesting festival to make the communication, in the hope 
that it will add to the pleasures of the day. 

I annex to the gift such conditions only as I deem necessary for its 
preservation and the accomplishment of the purposes before named. 
The conditions are, that the legal voters of the town, at a meeting to 
be held at a convenient time after the 16th June, shall accept the gift, 
and shall elect a committee of not less than twelve persons, to receive 
and have charge of the same, for the purpose of establishing a Lyceum 
for the delivery of lectures, upon sucii subjects as may be designated 
by a committee of the town, free to all the inhabitants, under such 
rules as said committee may from time to time enact ; and that a 
Library shall be obtained, which shall also be free to the inhabitants, 
under the direction of the committee. 

That a suitable building for the use of the Lyceum shall be erected, 
at a cost, including the land, fixtures, furniture, &c., not exceeding 
Seven Thousand dollars, and shall be located within one third of a mile 
of the Presbyterian Meeting-House occupying the spot of that formerly 
under the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. VValker, in the South Parish of 
Danvers. 

That Ten Thousand dollars of this gift shall be invested by the town's 
committee in undoubted securities as a permanent fund, and the inter- 
est arising therefrom to be expended in support of the Lyceum. 

In all other respects, I leave the disposition of the affairs of the 
Lyceum to the inhabitants of Danvers, merely suggesting that it might 
be advisable for them, by their own act, to exclude sectarian theology 
and political discussions forever from the walls of the institution. 



143 

I will make one request of the committee, which is, if they see no 
objection, and my venerable friend Capt. Sylvester Proctor should be 
living, that he be selected to lay the corner stone of the Lyceum 
Building. Respectfully yours, 

GEORGE PEABODY. 

After the announcement of the donation by Mr. Peabody, Mr. 
Proctor remarked substantially as follows : — 

Mr. Chairman — 

I scarcely know which to admire most, the Uherality of the gift, 
or the modesty of the giver. A princely donation like this, for a pur- 
pose like this, to a place like this, is no ordinary occurrence. We 
hear of the donations of Girard, of Smithson^ of Buzzy^ and of others, 
in amounts larger than this ; but where is there one, all things consid- 
ered, that will begin to compare with this ? Look at the^ sentiment 
accompanying it : " Education — A debt due from present to future 
generations." What more simple ? Still, what could be more expres» 
sive } Look also at the recognition, by Mr. Peabody, of the Village 
School, under the shadow of the steeple of the old Church, where he, 
and I, and many others present, were first taught to lisp their A, B, C, 
and see how readily he admits, it was there " he imbibed the princi- 
ples which have been the foundation of the success, which Heaven has 
been pleased to grant him, during a long business life." Can there be 
a higher eulogy than this, upon our New England system of Free 
Schools } 

When a boy, sir, I knew Mr. Peabody well. Our ages were such 
that we went to the same school, and developed our physical energies 
on the same play-grounds. From the first, he was manly and honora- 
ble, as he ever since has been. Nothing small or mean about George 
Peabody. If anything wrong was done, he was the last to be sus- 
pected of doing it. I say this, sir, for the information of those of my 
young friends who seem to think there is something manly in being 
forward to do mischief; in being most active in overturning outbuild- 
ings, or breaking the windows of retired gentlemen, or disturbing the 
repose of discreet young ladies. They mistake, entirely, who indulge 
any such ideas. Peabody never did any such things. While I knew 
him, he was a civil, well-behaved, trustworthy young man, — and now, 
my young friends, you see what he has ripened into ; — the first among 
the foremost of Americans in London ; a nobleman by nature, of rank 
second to none other. 

It has been my good fortune, sir, to have repeated communications 
from Mr. Peabody since he became a man. As early as 1835, when 
he resided at Baltimore, the citizens of South Danvers undertook to 
ei'ect a monument to the memory of those of our fellow-townsmen who 
were killed at Lexington, on the 19th of April, 1775. When we had 
raised by subscription $700, and ascertained that the structure designed 
would cost $1000, I advised him of the facts, and received from him a 
prompt reply, saying that " he was happy to learn that his fellow- 
townsmen of Danvers were about to do, what had been too long 
neglected, and that my draft on him, at sight, for whatever might be 



needed to complete the design, should be duly honored.'" The work 
was completed, and the draft was paid. 

Again, sir, when the Church of the South Society, a new structure, 
that occupied the site of the one that he describes as the " Presbyterian 
Meeting- House, where the Rev. Mr.. Walker formerly was pastor," 
was destroyed by fire, the Society, with much exertion, having just 
about completed the same, my friend on my right* joined mo in a note 
to Mr. Peabody, stating the facts, — to which he replied, with an appro- 
priate expression of his sympathies with the occasion, accompanied by 
a bill of exchange (or Jijly pounds slerJing, for the use of the Society. 

Such, sir, has been my knowledge and experience of George Pea- 
body, of London. You may well suppose, sir, when I received from 
him a private note, accompanying the envelope that contained the 
donation, with a request that it should not be opened until the company 
were seated at dinner, because it contained " a sentiment of interest to 
the people of Danvers," that I imagined it to be a rich sentiment. I 
did indeed, sir, so imagine. But I frankly admit,' it exceeds my high- 
est imagination. 

And, sir, v/hat was peculiarly gratifying to me, the same note, that 
gave me this information, also authorized me to subscribe in his behalf 
the sum o^ fifty dollars, towards the erection of an appropriate monu- 
ment at the grave of our late fellow-townsman, the venerable Gen. 
Gideon Foster, who died at the age of 96, with a character for indus- 
try, honor, and integrity, rarely equalled. 

Such, sir, are a few of the acts of this model of a man, that Danvers 
feels proud to call her own. May those, who are still of Danvers, 
show themselves to be worthy of his bounty. May. it be received and 
managed in a manner most gratifying to the giver. May no local 
jealousies, or meaner passions, be suffered to enter here. May those 
of Danvers, in fifty-tioo, show themselves to be worthy their sires of 
'Seventy-Six. 

P. R. SOUTH WICK, Esq., here rose and spoke as follows : 

3Ir. President : — I rise, sir, to pass a slight tribute of respect to that 
distinguished gentleman whose interesting letter has just been read to 
us ; a gentleman with whom so many of us were familiar in our early 
years, — whose enterprise and liberality, whose private virtue and moral 
worth, excite the deepest l^egard and admiration, not only in his own 
country but in Europe. 

I hope, sir, that you or some other gentleman more familiar with 
the history of George Peabody, Esq., will favor us with the details of 
his progress from his boyhood to the high position which he now en- 
joys, the highest position in the mercantile world which any living Amer- 
ican has ever yet reached. I will detain you only by alluding to those 
traits in that gentleman's character which afforded me and my friends 
so much pleasure before he left us, and during his'residence in Balti- 
more, and which he carried with him and still retains on the other side 
of the Atlantic. I will only say of Mr. Peabody's early advantages in 

* Hon. Robert S. Daniels. 



Ii5 

life, that he owes nothing to the influence of birth or fortune. Though 
of highly respectable parentage, he claims no alliance to the aristocracy 
of wealth or power adventitiously bestowed. From his youth, his 
mind was imbued with sound principles. Early convinced of the value 
of time, he rightly estimated the- importance of improving the opportu- 
nities and advantages of education with which he was favored, and we 
find him early distinguished by those habits of industry and by that 
purity of moral conduct, which have ever since been preeminent in his 
character. He has been promoted entirely by his own exertions and 
merits. At home and abroad, in his youth and in his manhood, indus- 
try, decision and perseverance characterize every stage of his life. 

I have already said Mr. Peabody enjoys the highest reputation as a 
merchant. He exhibits the most perfect example of assiduity, sagacity 
and foresight in his business transactions. Perfectly familiar with the 
currency of every part of the world, thoroughly acquainted with the 
resources, the financial condition, and the banking systems of different 
nations, enjoying the entire confidence of corporations and individuals, 
his mercantile transactions are confined by no sectional limits, and he 
extends his operations with perfect freedom and safety in every direc- 
tion. His judgment is clear, deliberate, and peculiarly discriminating. 
He regards " punctuality as the soul of business," and never violates 
the most trivial engagements. His intercourse in his business connec- 
tion with others is always attended with frankness and candor, and 
we rarely if ever meet with a merchant of eminence so entirely undis- 
turbed by the jealous)^ or envy of others. He never exhibits in his 
business transactions any of those little tricks and concealments which 
indicate a weak or a dishonorable mind. He holds in abhorrence that 
meanness of spirit, which, for a little apparent profit, would insinuate 
evil of another, or even consent, by silence, to a mistaken estimate of 
his worth. He has none of that jealousy which fears a rival in every 
person pursuing the same end, nor of that arrogant self-esteem which 
owns no fallibility of judgment. In all his intercourse with his mer- 
cantile brethren he is gentlemanly and respectful, and secures their 
esteem not less by his acknowledged abilities than by his modesty and 
courtesy. The free expression of opinion uprightly formed, he believes 
to be the right and duty of an honest man, and to the exercise of which, 
by others, he is unusually tolerant. His opinion is of the highest au- 
thority, but it is given with so much modesty that he never gives 
offence even where there might be a difference in judgment. There is 
nothing haughty or arrogant in his character, and the feelings of respect 
which his acquaintance excites arise from his dignified deportment 
combined with native simplicity of manners. 

Mr. Peabody's moral sensibilities are exalted and refined ; but if any 
one quality of his heart prevails that acts as a presiding divinity over 
the man, it is his benevolence. The citizens of his native town, as 
well as in every community in which he has lived, will never forget or 
cease to feel the influence of his generous acts. The various acts of 
his munificence, both public and private, I will not detail to you here. 
They are already a by- word upon your lips. Although the hand of 
time may obliterate the pages upon which the gifts of our valued friend 
19 s 



146 

are recorded, we trust tliat his memory and the objects of his generous 
care will be cherished till time shall be no more. 

The proverbial benevolence of Mr. Peabody prompts him to seek 
out rather than to shun adversity, and when it is discovered he never 
" passes by on the other side." His heart is alive to all the tender and 
generous sensibilities of our nature, throwing the drapery of kindness 
over the chamber of affliction, and lighting up, by the sunshine of his 
benevolence, the sky overcast by distress and adversity. In public 
improvements, in the various efforts for moral elevation and intellectual 
advancement, or for advancing the interest and comforts of all around 
him, the heart and hand of George Peabody are readily enlisted. He 
is the ardent and active friend of social order, and of the substantial 
institutions of society. To the presence of his benevolent affections 
he is indebted for that graceful and easy politeness, that unassuming 
suavity of temper, which are so conspicuous in his intercourse with 
others, and which so justly and eminently entitle him to our gratitude, 
and secure for him unrivalled esteem, atTection and respect. On the 
character of such a man as George Peabody we can dwell only with 
delight and satisfaction. It has no shades ; no dark spot, which his 
friends would desire to conceal or remove ; no eccentricity to detract 
from its merit. His well-balanced mind leads him to right views upon 
every subject. His acute moral sense has always kept him in the path 
of rectitude. He possesses honesty that cannot be corrupted, and ''in- 
tegrity that cannot be shaken by adversity. His inflexible moral prin- 
ciples are written upon his countenance, upon every word that falls 
from his lips, and upon every action of his life. 

Such, Mr. President, is George Peabody. The town of Danvers 
ought justly to be proud of that favorite son whose life and character, 
•whose urbanity of manners, and whose mercantile experience, are 
producing a beneficial influence upon the mercantile character of 
Great Britain that is entirely beyond a parallel. May his example 
stimulate all our young men who are pressing forward in the path of 
high and honorable distinction. 

The followin<T sentiment was then given : 

Our Fellow Townsman, Sylvester Proctor, Esq. — Venerable for his years and 
honored for his virtues. It is a proud distinction for him to sit in the seat at 
our festival designed for George Peabody, of London. 

It should be remarked that Mr. Peabody requested that the seat he 
would have himself occupied at the table, if he had been present, 
should be assigned to his venerable friend, Capt. Proctor. It was in his 
apothecary shop that Mr. Peabody learned the first rudiments of trade, 
and where he passed several years of his boyhood before entering upon 
the larger sphere of operations, which has given him such a name in 
the mercantile world. Capt. Proctor was accordingly so seated. 

The next sentiment was — 

The. Historical Department of the Essex Institute — The rich and safe depos- 
itory of incidents in our local history, — a richer depository is found in the 
•experience and reminiscences of its presiding head. 



147 

JUDGE WHITE, President of the Institute, being called upon, 
responded substantially as follows : — 

Mr. President : — At this late hour it will not be expected that I 
should attempt making a speech I can do little more than to express 
my congratulations and my thanks, which I would most heartily do. 

Yes, friends and fellow-citizens of Danvers, with my whole heart, 
full and overflowing, I congratulate you upon the complete succeftes of 
your great celebration, — a celebration which will form an important 
era in your annals, and to which the Essex Institute will be indebted 
for some of its richest incidents of local history. Your honorable 
efforts to commemorate the virtues and achievements of the founders 
and fathers of Danvers, have been crowned with all the success you 
could have desired. Your extended procession this morning was con- 
ducted in admirable order, and presented a brilliant and beautiful 
pageantry to the eye, and, what is more, a most touching spectacle to 
the heart of every beholder. Its moral associations imparted a dignity 
to it. The costumes of the fathers brought up at once their self-deny- 
ing virtues, their holy lives, and brave deeds ; and the long array of 
little children, — those countless " buds of promise," — carried us into 
the uncertain future, with mingled hopes and fears, impressing upon 
us the importance of training them to be worthy of their ancestiy. 
Your interesting and appropriate services in the church left us nothing 
to regret but the want of time to listen to the muse of the day. And 
here, at these widespread festive boards, eloquence, poetry and song, 
wit, humor and joyful feeling have conspired to honor both you and 
your fathers, and to de jght us all. 

But especially, and most of all, would I congratulate you, my friends, 
upon the richest incident of the day, — the noble benefaction which has 
just been announced, — truly a noble close to a noble celebration. For- 
ever honored be the name of George Peabody, your distinguished 
fellow-townsman of London, for his bountiful gift, and rts wise appro- 
priation. Well does he deserve the bursts of grateful enthusiasm 
which you have so spontaneously given him, and which your children 
will catch from you. This gift, so appropriated, is in the very spirit 
of your celebration, — in the very spirit of the fathers whose memory 
you veneuate. The expressed sentiment, accompanying the gift, con- 
secrates it the more entirely, and will the more endear the name of the 
high-minded donor. That " education is a debt due from the present 
to future generations," was a fundamental principle with our sagacious 
forefathers, manifested in all their conduct. To the steady operation 
of this principle are we chiefly indebted for our choicest blessings. 
If we value these blessings, let us never forget the means of perpetuat- 
ing them. George Peabody is doubly your benefactor, by reminding 
you of your high obligations, and, at the same time, enlarging your 
ability to fulfil them. 

I fully assent to all that has been so eloquently said here in praise of 
your privileges, your virtues, and your blessings. No people on this 
earth, I believe, are more truly blest than the people of Danvers, and, 
I may add, of all the towns within the original limits of Salem. How 
shall we account for this great and happy distinction in their lot ? Very 



148 

readily. No people ever had better or wiser ancestors. Tiie founders 
of Salem, who were the founders of Danvers, were selected fronm the 
best men of their day and generation. They were real men of God, 
and the seed they planted here was the true seed of God. It took deep 
root, and has borne fruit continually, and will bear it so long as we 
appreciate its value, and strive to preserve it in the spirit of the original 
planters. You do well to honor their memory, and to cherish their 
spirit." This you owe to them, to yourselves, to your children, and 
to your children's children. All praise is due to you for the generous 
zeal and public spirit which you have manifested in this splendid, this 
heartfelt celebration. I thank you most cordially for the privilege of 
enjoying it with you. And I congratulate you upon the proud satisfac- 
tion with which you will look back upon this day, and forward to the 
approbation of posterity. 

I have no time to dwell upon the virtues of our venerated forefathers, 
or even to name them Nor is this necessary. They are known to 
you all. John Endicott, their intrepid leader, — the noble pioneer gov- 
ernor, whose fame will brighten with the flight of time, — is identified 
with the people of Danvers. He was admirably qualified, by his moral, 
intellectual, and physical energies, for the grand enterprise to which 
he was destined by Providence. And he, with his faithful compeers, 
will be remembered with increasing enthusiasm of gratitude for centu- 
ries to come. 

I beg leave again to thank you, Mr. President, and the Committee 
of Arrangements, for the high gratification I have enjoyed to-day, and 
to conclude with the following sentiment, which is my fervent prayer : 

The omcard prosperity of Danvers — May the next centennial celebration be 
enjoyed by a people as richly blest as the present, and as justly proud of their 
ancestors. 

A sentiment, complimentary to the President of the Day, having 
been offered, Hon. ROBERT S. DANIELS responded :— 

Mr. President : — I have listened with deep interest to the remarks 
of gentlemen who have addressed this assembly. They have done 
full and ample justice to all those distinguished citizens of Danvers 
who took part in the stirring events of the Revolution, and in the early 
part of the century, the completion of which we are now celebrating. 
Those events, and the character of our townsmen who participated in 
them, are a source of pride and pleasure to us all. But there are men 
of more recent date, — men of the present generation, who have been 
of us, and with us, and some of them now living, whose influence and 
standing have been of the most elevated and favorable character ; many 
of them I have had the pleasure to know, and have often been called 
to act with, in many transactions relative to our municipal and other 
matters. And, sir, may I be permitted to allude to some two or three 
of them ? 

And first I will say of the President of the Day what I would not 
say had he not retired from his place and from this assembly, that 
he has discharged the duties assigned him on this occasion in a man- 
ner so able and interesting and so characteristic of himself, as to ex- 



149 

cite the admiration and entire approbation of all our friends from 
abroad, and to elevate himself still higher, if possible, in the esteem of 
his fellow townsmen. His dignity, impartiality, and ready wit have 
added much to the pleasures of the day. The deep interest which he 
has manifested in this celebration has endeared him to all his associates 
in the preparatory arrangements. And we all hope that he may live 
long among us, and continue his wise counsels and bright example in 
the promotion of religion and virtue, and all those traits of character 
which are calculated to adorn the possessor, and increase the happiness 
of the human race. 

And there is one who was recently with us, but is now gone to par- 
ticipate, as I trust, in higher and purer scenes, — whom we all knew 
and esteemed, — who was cut down in the midst of his usefulness, and 
at a time when many of his fellow-citizens were looking forward to 
his promotion to the highest honors of the State. You must be aware 
that I allude to the Hon. Daniel P. King. Of a character so pure that 
the breath of calumny, if ever hurled at him, must have fallen harm- 
less at his feet ; of a life so uncontaminated with the evils and tempta- 
tions with which he had been surrounded during his public life that he 
secured the esteem and confidence of all his associates, he was a wor- 
thy example for the young and ambitious to follow. He served his 
country and his fellow-citizens faithfully and honorably, and he died 
regretted and beloved by all who knew him. 

And there is one more of our native citizens to whom, under the 
circumstances of the occasion, I feel at liberty to allude, and of whom 
my friend* near me has spoken so justly and truly, and that is George 
Peabody, Esq., of London ; and it was my fortune to have known him, 
and have associated with him in some measure, before he left his na- 
tive town — not so much, however, as my brother David, who, I 
believe, was one of his most intimate friends. I recollect George 
Peabody as an active, intelligent young man, of dignified deport- 
ment, tall and commanding in person, — and I ask what has made 
him what he is ? a resident of London, of immense wealth, highly 
respected and esteemed, throughout the world, for his high sense of 
honor, his unbending integrity, his public spirit, his humanity, his gen- 
erosity, and his elevated standing among the merchant princes of the 
old and new world. There is no one here to-day (and there are but 
few who have known how he has passed along from our common 
district schools to his present elevated position) but that would say his 
character, all the way through life, must have been distinguished for 
industry, for integrity, for virtue, for honor, and all those characteristics 
which command the respect and esteem of all persons, of all ages. 
These are all necessary to a successful business career. Think of 
these things, young men ! You probably cannot all be George Pea- 
bodys, but you may attain to a desirable and respectable standing in 
the community, — and some of you, if you will but adhere to the rules 
of life, which must have governed him, may obtain wealth and an 
honorable distinction among your fellow-citizens, and a peaceful and 
happy old age, filled with a glorious hope of a blessed immortality. 
What town can point to nobler and higher examples, as incentives to 

* Mr. Proctor. 



150 

stimulate our young men to a virtuous and correct deportment, than 
Danvers, when she points to Daniel P. King and George Peabody. 
May the next centennial celebration find many of your names enrolled 
as high in the estimation of those who may meet on that occasion as 
are those of Peabody and King at this time. I beseech you keep them 
constantly in mind. It is an high aim, — but not beyond your reach. 

The President then offered the following sentiment : 

The Secrtiarij of the Commonwealth — Known at home as the earnest friend 
of improvement and progress, and in other countries as the ardent advocate of 
peace and good will among the nations. 

To this sentiment Hon. AMASA WALKER responded as follows : 

Mr. President : — In making my acknowledgments for the flattering 
sentiments you have just announced, allow me to say that I accepted 
your invitation to be present at this festival with great pleasure. I 
well knew that the town of Danvers was rich in the incidents of her 
history, and in the romance of her traditions, and that she had sons of 
talent and genius by whom the deeds and legends of the past would 
be ably rehearsed in prose and verse. I therefore expected much, and 
have enloyed much ; but I did not expect to hear announced at this 
time such a generous donation as that which you have just received 
from your distinguished townsman in London. Sir, I congratulate 
you, I congratulate the people of this favored town on such a valuable 
gift. That it will confer great advantages on you, I doubt not ; that it 
reflects great honor on the donor, I am sure. It is not the munificence 
of the gift, great as that is, but the excellence of the object to which it 
is to be devoted, that makes it such a benefaction to your town, and 
such an honor to him who gives it. Sir, this generous act speaks a 
volume of the character and feelings of its author. It shows that, 
elevated and distinguished as he is abroad, he has not forgotten his 
early home ; that, surrounded as he is by the elegance and opulence 
of the world's metropolis, he remembers, with gratitude and affection, 
the friends and associates of his childhood and youth. And more, it 
shows that he justly appreciates the state of society in his native land, 
and the wants of the age. It indicates that he has kept up with the 
progress of events, and knows that popular education, the enlightenment 
of the masses, the diffusion of intelligence amongst the people by 
lectures, lyceums, and libraries, is one of the greatest demands of 
the present time. In this, too, he shows that he sympathizes with the 
people, and that if he is a British subject, he is still worthy to be an 
American citizen, for he has an American heart, and republican ideas. 

Lyceums, voluntary associations for the extension of useful knowl- 
edge, are no longer an experiment ; they have become established 
institutions in our country ; they are exerting a vast influence on the 
public mind, and doing much for the moral and intellectual cultivation 
of the people. Your friend, Mr. President, judged rightly when he 
determined that his liberal donation should be appropriated to these 
excellent objects. In no way could he have conferred greater benefits 



151 

on "f/ou. In no way could he have impressed himself more deeply or 
favorably on the youthful mind of the present and coming generations. 

Though not an inhabitant of this much honored town, and though 
neither I, nor mine, may ever receive any direct benefit from this 
generous act of your friend, yet, as an early and earnest, though fee- 
ble advocate of these now useful and popular institutions, I feel myself 
laid under personal obligations, and am emboldened to call on you, 
sir, and all who may hereafter be entrusted with the management of 
this fund, to use the utmost vigilance and fidelity in the discharge of 
your sacred trust. Let the income be ever judiciously and econom- 
ically devoted to its appropriate objects. Let nothing be wasted in 
show, nothing be spent on favorites, nothing lost by neglect. Remem- 
ber that this fund is not the property of any sect or party, of any 
clique or coterie. It has been given to the town of Danvers ; it is the 
property of the people, for their use and behoof, forever. So let it be 
understood and felt. Well appropriated and managed, this fund may 
be made to produce great and beneficent results, and afford superior 
advantages to the young people of this town. I hope, sir, they will 
feel inspired with an ardent desire to avail themselves to the utmost, of 
the means of improvement thus afforded them. 

Mr. President, while, on an occasion like this, our minds are mostly 
filled with the memories of the past, and the interesting events of the 
present, it is quite impossible that we should fail to cast a glimpse 
down the long vista of the future. If the last one hundred years has 
done so much for human progress and development, how much may 
we not anticipate for a hundred years to come ? At the same rate of 
progress for the next century, what will be the achievements, what the 
position of the race in the sciences and arts, in morals and religion, in 
all that elevates and adorns the social state, on the return of your next 
centennial ? The mind is overwhelmed as it contemplates the future. 
Progress is the destiny of man. Higher views of duty, nobler aspira- 
tions, truer conceptions of the great principles of Christianity, and a 
more universal practical application of its leading truths, these must 
mark the century before us ; these must harmonize the antagonisms of 
the social state, and hasten the advent of that day when the spirit of 
peace, and the sentiment of human brotherhood, " shall cover the 
earth as the waters do the sea." 

The President then proposed the following sentiment : 

The Town of Beverly — Our elder sister, and one of Mother Salem's most 
comely daughters. Her distinguished sons are her brightest jewels. 

To this toast, Mr, THAYER responded as follows : — 

In justice, Mr. President, to my own feelings, as well as in behalf of 
my fellow-townsmen, I desire to make some response to the sentiment 
you have proposed, so complimentary to the place of my residence. 
For them and for myself, I assure you, the sentiments of kindness and 
respect it implies are cordially reciprocated. And I am most happy 
to congratulate you and the people of Danvers on the signal success of 
this celebration. When I heard it was undertaken, I did not doubt 



.152 

that here were the ability and public spirit to make it a very interesting 
and creditable one. But I confess I was not prepared to anticipate 
all I have this day witnessed. While the external display has been 
highly peculiar and brilliant, and this wide-spread and bountiful feast 
has been provided for us, a far richer provision has been prepared for 
the mind and heart. History and poetry, sentiment and song, sober 
reflection and facetious allusion, have together and largely contributed 
to our entertainment and instruction. The various historical reminis- 
cences, the important views, and facts, and events, which have been 
made to cluster around this town, must have taken the most of us by 
surprise. They certainly have evinced extensive research and exceed- 
ing ingenuity in those who have been at the pains to gather and ar- 
range them. I hope that with the aid of the press, they may be care- 
fully treasured and preserved to inform and delight the present and 
future generations. They would afford materials for a volume of great 
value and interest, not merely for the antiquarian, or for those imme- 
diately concerned as residents here or in the vicinity, but for all who 
would learn our origin and progress as a community, atxd would 
closely observe the chief elements by which a little one has become 
thousands and millions, and a small one a vast, mighty, and wonder- 
fully growing nation. 

In the sentiment, which alone has induced me at this late hour to 
offer a few brief remarks, are recognized justly the family relations 
existing between our neighboring towns, and which constitute them in 
in the most essential respects one people. They are bound together 
by the strong ties of a common origin, a common history, and a com- 
mon destiny. The associations connected with their settlement, with 
the toils, privations and sacrifices of their ancestors, with the patriotic 
endurance and exertions of their fathers, with the grand interests of 
education, reform, progress, religion, are to a large extent the same 
with them all. They have the same characteristics of intelligence, 
industry, enterprise, order, sobriety, love of country, moral and Christ- 
ian worth. The three populations of Salem, Beverly and Danvers — 
the mother, with the elder and younger daughters, though under differ- 
ent municipalities, are, by location, by facilities of intercourse, by social 
and business relations, and by the manner in which they run into and 
blend with each other, substantially one. If united as formerly, they 
would now form a city of over thirty thousand inhabitants, which would 
combine within itself as great an amount of beauty and 'desirableness 
in position, and of what makes human life most valuable, as any other 
equally populous city of the land. Something has at this time been 
said about vanishing lines between this and Salem. And let Danvers 
be forewarned, that when such donations, as that which has just been 
announced from her munificent son in London, come pouring upon 
her, she must expect to encounter schemes of annexation from other 
quarters beside that of her venerable and loving parent. 

Seriously, sir, if we borderers may not claim an equal share with 
you in that noble endowment, we shall make no ceremony in stepping 
over your limits, and appropriating to ourselves some of the best por- 
tions of it — at least, that which consists of the feelings of pride, admi- 
ration and satisfaction with which it cannot fail to be viewed. The 



153 

spectacle thus presented is truly an inspiring one. It has a moral 
beauty and glory. Would that it might have its legitimate effect in 
prompting others, near to or distant from the places of their birth, to 
like generous uses of wealth and like splendid benefactions. Its author 
having, by diligence, talent, high character, and no doubt favoring for- 
tune, risen to opulence and commanding station, has had the wisdom 
to turn these to ends alike creditable and useful. In a dark hour of 
misfortune and disgrace he brought them to retrieve and support his 
country's commercial honor. By a stroke of social policy not less 
felicitous than bold, he converted a celebration of our national birth- 
day on British ground into an enduring cement of peaceful union be- 
tween our mother-land and her rebel offspring. To his countrymen 
abroad he has extended a heartfelt welcome and a cherishing hand, 
and among foreigners made them at home. He has not unwisely, as 
so many do, waited to have his superfluous abundance dispensed from 
a lifeless hand — to cast his bread on the waters when it could return to« 
him no more. He would not die without a sight of the tree or without 
gathering from the fruit of the tree, which he had himself planted. 
Not content, too, with cultivating the field immediately before him, and 
doing the good which lies directly about him, his large and true heart, 
quitting the cares and whirl of business in the world's great centre, 
leaving the scenes of his triumphs — of the affluence and splendor 
which surround him there, where he dwells a prince among princes, a 
merchant-prince indeed, a prince of right-royal blood — that which 
flows in the veins of nature's noblemen, — with the beautiful love for the 
place of his nativity that is akin to the affection for one's own mother, 
traverses the ocean and comes hither, seeking out the house in which 
he was born ; the humble school-room in which he was early trained ; 
the spot where stood the ancient church in which he was taught to 
worship God, and from which it is provided with touching simplicity, 
in the conditions on which the institution he has so liberally devised is 
bestowed, that it shall not be far removed. That enlarged and liberal 
heart is with us to-day — in spirit, though not in person, mingling with 
a ready and thorough sympathy in these joyous festivities, and crown- 
ing them with a wreath of princely benevolence ; — thus rendering them 
thrice joyful, and by this golden offering laid on the festive board, 
and consecrated to good learning with the virtues and graces by which 
it is rightfully attended and adorned, gladdening the hearts and im- 
measurably blessing the minds of multitudes of the present, and 
countless future generations. Such an example, while it sheds lustre 
on our nature and universal man, belongs to the world. All of us in 
this community, whence it originated, have a peculiar property in it, 
which, were it necessary, we should strenuously assert, — of which you 
could not if you would, though I am sure you would not if you could, 
have any, even the humblest of us, deprived. 

But there is one species of annexation I will engage that we in Bev- 
erly will not press. It is that of the fame — be it credit or discredit — 
which proporly belongs here, in connection with the witchcraft of 
1692. We are quite content to let that matter stand as it does, — 
namely, that while your ancestors set it going, ours opposed the first 
effectual check to it. There are some other facts on which with all 
20 t 



154 

requisite modesty we would pride ourselves, as, that bur harbor sent 
forth the first armed vessel of the revolution, thus cradling the Ameri- 
can navy — that with us was established the first cotton factory in this 
country — that among us, also, was founded the first Sunday School, as 
that institution now exists, in the United States, — but on no other event 
in our annals may we dwell with more satisfaction than upon this. 
The orator of the day has alluded to the circumstances, which were 
simply these. When the awful tragedy was at its height, Mrs. Hale, 
wife of the first minister of Beverly, was cried out against as being in 
league with Satan. Such, however, was her remarkable excellence, 
th-^.t all who knew her felt at once that the accusation was false, the 
devil being the last person with whom she would be likely to cultivate 
any friendship or affinity. The eyes of her husband, who had previous- 
ly yielded to the delusion, were opened to its real nature ; and he forth- 
with composed a treatise, which was published in a small volume, and 
contributed much to stay the evil. I have in my possession a copy of 
it, and I know of but one other copy in existence. It is marked with 
the peculiarities in style and thought of the times in which it was writ- 
ten, but shows thorough investigation coupled with deep conviction and 
ardent love of truth. It will ever be honorable to his memory, and 
will reflect lasting honor on the scene of his labors and the spot whence 
it emanated. And Danvers, notwithstanding she might, in a former 
age and in common with the rest of the world, have labored under the 
disastrous eclipse of superstitious terror, was not slow to come out from 
its dismal shadow, and to avail herself of the improved lights of learn- 
ing and religion. For her zeal in cherishing her churches and schools, 
and other means of disseminating knowledge, and high and pure prin- 
ciples, she has long been distinguished. This day, certainly, she stands 
forth in the clear, genial sunshine of enlightened reason and right feel- 
ing, in regard to the delusion to which particular attention has naturally 
been drawn, and to all kindred ones. It appears to me, that on this 
point precisely the right key has, both in prose and poetry, been struck. 
Who shall deny that it needs to be struck with all the force of strong 
reason and high character, when we behold the many otherwise happy 
homes, which in consequence of prevailing superstitions and fanaticisms 
are in deepest misery, and the many otherwise useful members of so- 
ciety and advancing Christians, who are by them doomed to the ma- 
niac's cell ? I ask leave, then, in closing, to offer this sentiment : 

Intelligence and Virtue — The great weapons with which to combat every 
kind of delusion. 

The President next proposed the honored name of Nathan Dane, 
which was responded to by the Rev. E. M. STONE, of Providence :— 

I thank you, Mr. President, for the very kind manner in which you 
have been pleased to connect my name with Beverly, — a town in which 
I spent many pleasant years, and from whose citizens, as I gratefully 
remember, I have received many tokens of confidence and favor. 

A thought naturally suggested by the interesting scenes of this day, 
is the influence of towns on the character and destiny of a nation. 
Towns act through individuals. They have their representative men 



155 

through whom they speak, and by whom they ilkistrate the principles 
they hold dear. Of this class was Hon. Nathan Dane, — a name around 
which clusters all we venerate in man as a Christian, a Jurist, and a 
Statesman. On the 27th of December next, one hundred years will 
have elapsed since he first drew breath in Ipswich, and full seventy 
years have gone by since he established himself in the profession of 
law in Beverly. His long and honorable career is well known to the 
citizens of this town. It is marked by many acts of public usefulness 
and private munificence. Of his public acts, the most important are 
those to which your sentiment refers. By the first, the Federal consti- 
tution was rendered " adequate to the exigencies of government and 
preservation of the union." By the second, freedom from involuntary 
servitude was secured to four hundred thousand square miles of terri- 
tory, and the interminable West saved from a blighting evil that has so 
sadly marred the prosperity of other sections of our great and glorious 
confederacy. The ordinance of 1787 evinced a far seeing wisdom. 
It marked an epoch in our history, from which freedom dates mo- 
mentous results. It struck a chord of humanity and civil rights, that 
will not cease to vibrate until the last link of oppression's chain is 
broken. It has drawn from the most gifted minds in our land the 
strongest expressions of admiration. " I doubt," said Mr. Webster, 
on one of the most intensely interesting occasions of his public life, 
" whether one single law of any law-giver, ancient or modern, has 
produced effects of a more distinct and marked and lasting character 
than the ordinance of '87, — and certainly it has happened to few men, 
to be the authors of a political measure of more large and enduring 
consequence. It fixed, forever, the character of the population in the 
vast regions northwest of the Ohio, by excluding from them involuntary 
servitude. It impressed on the soil itself, while it was yet a wilderness, 
an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen. It laid the interdict 
against personal servitude, in original compact, not only deeper than 
all local law, but deeper, also, than all local constitutions. Under the 
circumstances then existing, I look upon this original and seasonable 
provision as a real good attained. We see its consequences at this 
moment, and we shall never cease to see them, perhaps, while the 
Ohio shall flow." 

In the labors thus eulogized, Mr. Dane represented the sentiment, or 
rather, I may say, the principles of the town of Beverly, — principles 
by which her citizens were actuated during the revolutionary struggle, 
and which are recorded on almost every page of her revolutionary 
transactions. 

It was the good fortune of Mr. Dane, while the ordinance of 1787 
was under consideration, to be seconded in his efforts by men imbued 
with the same spirit; and there comes to my mind, in this connection, 
the name of one whose important services to the political, social, intel- 
lectual, and religious interests of the great West, are yet to be made 
known. I refer to the late Rev. Manasseh Cutler, LL.D., of Ham- 
ilton, the earnest and judicious coadjutor of Mr. Dane, (though not 
then a member of Congress,) in securing the passage of the ordinance, 
and to whom, in his own person, and through his honored son. Judge 
Ephraim Cutler, Ohio is more indebted than to any other man, for 



156 

those distinguishing traits which give her a proud preeminence among 
her western sisters. Sir, the influence of Beverly and Hamilton, 
through these their representative men, upon the public opinion and 
present position of our nation, can scarcely be over-estimated, and the 
debt of gratitude due to them will be as enduring as the institutions of 
our country. Of Mr. Dane, it is sufficient to add that his highest 
eulogy is found in the works with which his name is identified, and it 
is glory enough for Beverly that for more than half a century she could 
number him among her most distinguished citizens. The period em- 
braced in the anniversary of this day, Mr. President, covers the most 
important acts in the history of our country, — its resistance of oppres- 
sion, its struggle for civil freedom, and its triumphant achievement of 
a name among the nations of the earth. In the stirring events that led 
on to these results, Danvers took a decided and active part. In the 
field and in the public councils she had representative men worthy the 
trust reposed in them, and worthy a place on the roll inscribed with 
the name of Nathan Dane. Her Fosters and Pages, her Hutchinsons, 
Putnams and Proctors, and their associates, were men of mark, — men 
upon whom the lesson at North Bridge had not been lost, and who, at 
Lexington, Bunker Hill, Monmouth, and other points distinguished for 
heroic deeds, did good service for their country, and won for themselves 
an imperishable fame. 

Another of her representative men was Judge Samuel Holten, a 
compeer of Mr. Dane, and a patriot of the Washington school. In the 
dark hours of his country's peril, in the provincial, and subsequently 
in the national councils, he proved himself equal to the weighty respon- 
sibilities imposed upon him, and by his position and influence contributed 
much to the glorious consummation in which twenty-three millions of 
freemen this day rejoice. To show the spirit of the man, and the 
ready sacrifice he made of pecuniary interest and health for the sacred 
cause of freedom, I will present a few extracts from letters written 
while in Congress to a member of the General Court of Massachusetts. 

Under date, Philadelphia, March 30, 1779, he says, after speaking 
of the alarming state of the public finances, " you are pleased to ask 
me when I think of coming home. In answer, permit me to observe, 
that when I had the honor of being elected to a seat in Congress, I was 
sensible my friends had overrated my abilities, yet I was determined to 
give place to no man in my endeavors to serve my distressed country, 
and having given my constant attendance in Congress, not having been 
absent one day since I took my seat, (excepting three days I was confined 
by sickness,) I now find myself so much engaged, and the distresses 
■of my country so great, that I have no thought of returning till some 
■of my colleagues arrive to take my place, for if the State is not as 
fully represented as they expect, it shall not be my fault, though it 
may he very destructive to my health.'''' 

Again, June 8, he writes upon the same subject : " It is vain for us to 
expect that we can carry on the war by emitting bills. We must now 
all part with a part of our bills or other estate to procure them for 
public use. You may be assured, my worthy colleagues as well as 
myself, have been and still are exerting ourselves in this great affair 
of finance. I am sure you will agree with me in sentiment, that we 



157 

had much belter pay a tenth of our estates, than lose all that is loorth 
living in this world to enjoy.'''' 

Again, under date of November 8, on the same theme, he writes, 
" Our all seems to be at stake, and I fear the good people are not sen- 
sible of it.******Your greatest concern appears to be about a new 
army. My greatest concern is how we shall support the army, &c., &c. 
But don't suppose I despair of the common cause. No, it is too good 
and just to despair of. It is the dangers I foresee that makes me press 
this important matter. I put great dependence, under God, upon the 
knowledge and virtue of the New England States, and I think I shall 
not be disappointed." 

Once more, writing under date of April 21, 1780, he says, " My 
engagements are such that I can write you but a few lines upon our 
public affairs, which are truly distressing. The depreciation of our 
currency has not only deranged and embarrassed the public affairs, but 
almost put a total stop to all the movements of our armies. Is the 
Honorable Assembly really sensible of our situation and their own 
danger ? I fear not. Men, money and provisions are what are so 
much needed, but the two last give me the greatest concern, for without 
them it will be impossible for the army to keep together. I can truly 
say I have met nothing like it since the war. But don''t, my worthy 
friend, think I despair of the common cause ; no, not if the army 
disbands, which some think will be the case. My fears are that we 
shall be reduced to still greater difficulties before the good people will 
be fully sensible of their danger, and exert themselves accordingly." 

One other extract must suffice. Under date of Philadelphia, May 2, 
1780, he writes, " As it is not my intention ever to return to Congress, 
I shall have only to take leave of you, and my other worthy friends at 
Court, and retire to private life. My constant attendance in Congress, 
for almost two years, must render it a great relief to my mind to retire, 
and my friends here inform me they think that unless I lay aside 
business that requires so close attention, 1 shall end my days in this 
city ; hut the distressed state of our country has a sensihle effect upon a 
mind like mine, and. tohatever state I am in, I shall continue to exert 
myself in the common cause as long as my health will admit, or till our 
country is restored to peaces 

Such, .sir, was the " upright Judge," whom his fellow-citizens so 
often delighted to honor, whose wise counsels, while a member of Con- 
gress, gave frequent direction to the action of your state legislature, 
and of whom it has been truly said, " his name will be handed down 
to posterity with the celebrated names of his cotemporary patriots, 
crowned with immortal honors." 

Danvers, Mr. President, has never been deficient in representative 
men, through whom a potential influence in forming the character and 
shapihg the destiny of the nation could be exerted. Among these, high 
on the record of the departed, is inscribed the name of one to whom 
affecting tributes have just been paid by his Excellency and the gen- 
tleman from Middlesex, (Hon. Mr. Palfrey,) and whom it was my 
happiness to number among my personal friends. Sir, the Hon. 
Daniel P. King, the noble successor of the noble Saltonstall, was emi- 
nently deserving the confidence reposed in him. Faithfully did 



158 

he watch over the interests of his constituents, and honorably did 
he represent their principles in the state and national legishitures. 
Everywhere he left the impress of " an honest, independent freeman," 
asking only in all his public acts, " is the measure right ?" not, " will it 
be popular ?" His early and lamented death cast a deep shadow upon 
thousands of hearts, and while memory is true to its office, his public 
life and private virtues will be held in affectionate recollection. 

Honorable is it, sir, to this town, that humanity, temperance, educa- 
tion, and religion which crowns them all, have never failed to find here 
able champions, faithful expounders and generous benefactors. On 
all these prominent features of state and national character, Danvers, 
through her representative men, has left her mark. Her century of 
history is a history of progress in virtue, intelligence and social refine- 
ment. Her patriotism is as true now, as when the drum beat to arms 
on the morning of the 19th April, 1775. Her past is the pledge of 
her future ; and while the spirit of her departed patriots is cherished, 
every good cause, every interest vital to the prosperity and perpetuity 
of our Union, will receive generous and efficient support. 

Of the events of this occasion, Mr. President, none will be longer 
remembered, or will shed richer blessings on the future generations of 
this town, than that which has this moment surprised and delighted us, 
and which has been so happily referred to by Judge White. The 
munificent donation you have announced from your former townsman, 
for the promotion of " knowledge and moi'ality" among you, is an 
eulogy upon " the unrivalled New England institution of the common 
school," and upon his discriminating judgment, to which nothing 
need be added. It is indeed a " noble benefaction" — the noble deed 
of one, who, amidst the deserved commercial successes and honors of 
a foreign land, still remembers that he is an American, and who, 
turning with fond recollection to the scenes of childhood's home, 
strengthens, with manly hand and generous heart, the ties that have 
ever bound him to " fatherland." To say that this act is alike honora- 
ble to him and to his native town, is only to repeat a self-evident truth, 
which this audience have already shown they appreciate. Sir, I would 
not have failed to witness the breaking of that seal, or to hear those 
enthusiastic cheers, for all the other rich enjoyments of the day, and 
that is saying a great deal. It is a magnificent finale to these appro- 
priate festivities ; and to the end of time, the name of George Pea- 
body will be enrolled with those " merchant princes" of America 
who are showing to the world, that they understand the true uses of 
wealth. 

Pardon me, Mr. President, if, before I sit down, I utter a word or 
two in a somewhat different vein. My friend, the mayor of Salem, 
has very properly denominated this a family meeting, in which mat- 
ters purely domestic may with propriety be talked over. It is true, I 
cannot claim, strictly, to be a member of the family ; but that is more 
my misfortune than my fault. Beverly and Danvers, however, are 
" loving" daughters of" old mother Salem," and 1 think I might, by a 
liberal interpretation of the genealogical tables, prove myself a " dis- 
tant relative." At all events, I shall plead the privilege of an old 
neighbor and friend, and," say my say." 



159 

I am not ignorant, sir, of the fact, that grave charges have been 
preferred against the good name of this ancient town. I am tolerably 
familiar with the traditions of old " Salem village," the " Devil's 
Dishfull," and " Blind Hole." I recollect that a certain " Lawrence 
Conant" once played off his jokes on us sober and confiding antiqua- 
rians, and that a gentleman, whose name 1 need not mention, has 
amused himself, and disturbed the cachinnary nerves of this whole com- 
munity, by sinking railroads ! Now, sir, I am not going to reproach 
you for these things. Not at all. The spirits of 1692, like those of 
1852, had their way of doing things, and men of the present, like men 
of the past, enjoy fun after their own fashion ; and who shall say the 
former deserved the fate of " goodwife Nurse," until their " manifesta- 
tions" are satisfactorily explained, or that the latter should be sternly 
frowned upon until the maxim, " laugh and grow fat," is repudiated .-' 
But on family vagaries one hundred and sixty years ago, 1 shall not 
dwell. The more recent occurrences to which I have referred, I am 
disposed to look upon as the poetry of your local history, — embellish- 
ments springing, perhaps, from an " excess of activity," as a professor 
of theology once explained certain youthful propensities, and which a 
broad charity can readily excuse. 

Besides, sir, a volume of good things may be said of your town, 
that will not require smoking, like the sermons of which you have 
spoken, to ensure their preservation for the use of a future historian. 
Of the representatives of agriculture in this Commonwealth, who 
stands a Saul among them but your orator ? Of ploughs, what maker 
has produced a better than the " Eagle" of your townsman ? Of de- 
fenders of the much-abused swine against Hebrew and Mahommedan 
aspersions, who has been moi'e eloquent and effective than one of 
your fellow-citizens ? What fields exhale a fragrance that may well 
excite the envy of Weathersfield, or draw tears from sensitive eyes, 
like your own ? Who but a Danvers antiquarian, could have recov- 
ered the original manuscript of Giles Corey's veritable " Dream," to 
which we have just listened with so much benefit to our digestion ? 
What other town could have presented so strong attractions to " the 
greatest schoolmaster in New England," or can hope ever to eclipse 
the brilliant pageant of this day ? Here, your Fowlers are in amity 
with the feathered tribes, your Kings are all first rate republicans, 
your Pooles are sparkling and refreshing as when two hundred years 
ago John Endicott slaked his thirst from the bubbling fountains 
of this vicinity, and your Popes are more desirous of supplying 
" the trade" with prime shoes, manufactured from good Danvers 
leather, than ambitious to wear the triple crown, or to rule the public 
conscience. 

Now, if there are any within the sound of my voice, who are still 
inclined to dwell in a querulous spirit on the past, I will remind them 
that this is not the spirit of the hour, and my advice is, that they con- 
sign both the spirit and its exciting cause 4o the Waters of oblivion. 
As for myself, with these facts and this day's scenes before me, I am 
ready to join my friend from Salem in a proper resentment of any 
charge against you that an " outsider," knowing less of your history, 



160 

shall hereafter bring. And with this avowal, I close by subnnitting the 
following sentiment : 

Tht Town of Danvers — The scion of a noble stock. In patriotic love of 
country, unsurpassed. In works of humanity and social improvement, always 
right. In enterprise, honorable and indefatigable. 

At the conclusion of Mr. Stone's speech, the President proposed, 

Tht Members of the Legal Profession in Danvers, both natives and residents — 
They are known as ornaments of the Bar, the Bench, and our highest Legis- 
lative Halls. 

To this, WM. D. NORTHEND, Esq., of Salem, responded as 
follows : — 

Mr. President : — I would that some individual were present more 
worthy than myself to respond to the sentiment which has just now 
been read. I can hardly respond to it without feeling that I may be 
chargeable with vanity in attempting to speak of the virtues of those 
illustrious men whose example it has ever been my highest ambition 
humbly and with unpretending steps to follow. It is sufficient for me 
to mention the names of Holten, of Putnam, and of Ward, and to 
refer to the transcendent genius and eloquence of him who stands pre- 
eminently at the head of his profession, and who is so justly entitled 
to the cognomen of " the Erskine of the American bar." No words 
of eulogy, which I can utter, will add to the feelings of pride with 
which the memory of their noble names is cherished in the heart of 
every citizen of this time-honored town. 

And, sir, it is to me a matter of no ordinary felicitation, that I can 
trace my professional birth to this revered spot ; that here, among the 
generous and noble-spirited men of Danvers, I commenced my humble 
efforts on the stage of life. As my thoughts revert to that period, I 
cherish with deep-felt gratitude the recollection of many generous 
friends, whose influence and kindness assisted and encoui'aged me in 
the earlier struggles of my profession. Town of my adoption ! citizens 
among whom I have delighted to dwell ! The memory of you is en- 
graven on my heart in lines never to be obliterated. 

Spot sacred and rich in proud reminiscences of the past — peopled 
with descendants from the noblest stock of the Revolution, from fathers 
baptized in the martyr blood of that heroic struggle — Danvers, ancient, 
noble, patriotic town, worthy to be commemorated ! I reverence the 
majesty of thy past history. As my memory recalls the records of 
that history, I think I see before me, as on the morn preceding the 
" Concord fight," the young men of the village leave their homes, and, 
with their muskets upon their shoulders, gather together on yonder 
square. I think I see the venerable form of Parson Holt as he meets 
them there, and I hear his voice as he urges those youthful patriots, in 
the name of that religion «of which he was a worthy minister and a 
noble example, to fear not death itself in defence of their country. I 
see them, after receiving his benedictions, as they march with hurried 
steps to meet the invading foe. As one after another of those heroic 



161 

young men, the flower and pride of Danvers, fall, pierced with many 
a grievous wound, methinks I hear from their dying lips the patriotic 
words, " It is sweet and honorable to die for one's country." And as 
the news of their fall reaches this village, and as their friends and the 
citizens, all common mourners, gather around their bier, I think I see 
depicted in their countenances, struggling with the tears and sorrow 
for the noble dead, a feeling of honorable pride that the blood of Dan- 
vers was the first sprinkled on the altar of American Independence. 

Through the whole of that long war I see recorded proof of the 
patriotism and bravery of the men of Danvers. With a population of 
scarcely nineteen hundred, the town gave to the service of the country 
five companies, comprising over two hundred men. No town of her 
size and ability did more. And, sir, in June, 1776, in anticipation of 
the Declaration of Independence, the town voted — 

" That if the Honorable Congress, for the safety of the United Col- 
onies, declare them independent of Great Britain, we, the inhabitants 
of this town, do solemnly engage with our lives and fortunes to sup- 
port them in the measure." 

Sir, the citizens of Danvers were not only among the first to rush to 
the field of battle and the last to leave it, but, at the close of the war, 
they were among the foremost in planting deep the tree of Peace, and 
subsequently in acknowledging the obligations of that great American 
Magna Charta, the fruit of the Revolution, which was destined to pro- 
tect the before separate and independent sovereignties on this continent. 

And, sir, since the Revolution, there has been no town in the Com- 
monwealth more distinguished for the high moral tone of its popula- 
tion, and no place of its means which has done more for the education 
of its youth. 

But I am admonished by the lateness of the hour that I must not 
intrude too much upon the time allotted for this occasion ; and I will 
close by expressing a most fervent wish that the great principles and 
sources of prosperity which have made the town what it has been and 
now is, may be continued, and that the future history of Danvers may 
be more glorious even than its past. 

To a sentiment in remembrance of former residents of Danvers, 
Rev. CHARLES C. SEWALL, of Medfield, responded :— 

Mr. President, and Ladies and. Genllcmen : — You have been gath- 
ering up, to-day, the memories of olden times, and reading the history 
of Danvers in years gone by. In the memorable portion of that his- 
tory, which embraces the witchcraft delusion, the name of my an- 
cestor is associated, in many minds, whh none but painful recollections. 
It may seem little becoming me, therefore, to respond to the sentiment 
just offered by the chair. There is, however, good reason for the be- 
lief that the error of Judge Sewall, in cooperating to condemn the 
witches, was atoned for, as far as possible, by a public, solemn confes- 
sion, and by an unremitted sense of repentance and prayer for forgive- 
ness ; and also, that the wrong he had helped to do your fathers was 
by them forgiven, — if not forgotten. 
21 u 



162 

In the admirable lectures on Witchcraft, by iny friend the present 
mayor of Salem, it is related that Judge Sewall, " on the day of the 
general fast, rose in the place where he was accustomed to worship, 
and in the presence of the great assembly, handed up a written con- 
fession, acknowledging the error into which he had been led, and pray- 
ing for the forgiveness of God and his people." " He also observed, 
annually, in private, a day of humiliation and prayer, during the re- 
mainder of his life, to keep fresh in his mind a sense of repentance 
and sorrow for the part he bore in the trials" of the witches. And 
from his own Diary, we learn that his son, Joseph Sewall, afterwards the 
pastor of the Old South Church in Boston, was the earliest candidate 
for the pastoral office in the Second Congregational Church in this 
town. 

Besides, sir, I am a native of Essex county — born within sight of 
jyour hills, — and have been familiar from my boyhood with the names 
iaud the persons of many citizens of this place. Among the pleasant 
irecoUections of my early life, is that of an annual visit of my father's 
family at the hospitable mansion of the venerable Dr. Wadsworth, fol- 
ilowed by a regular call upon the excellent Judge Holten. The images 
of those men are distinctly before me now, and the impression I re- 
■ ceived of their character and worth will never be effaced. Then, too, 
the coming of the Danvers farmers to my father's house, on market- 
days, was an incident strongly fixed in the mind of the boy, and served 
to make me acquainted with men, who commanded my fullest esteem 
and respect in after years. 

I have passed among you, since, no small part of the best and hap- 
piest years of my life. And if, during that period, there were no 
disposition and endeavor, on my part, corresponding with the kind 
regard manifested towards me — there were, I believe, no marked indi- 
cations of any hereditary propensity to wound or afllict any, not even 
the descendants of the witches. Besides, sir, I have it from good 
authority, that when, in the settlement of its owner's estate, the well- 
known (Collins mansion was at my father's disposal, it had been nearly 
decided by him to make that our family residence. So that Danvers 
would then have been my native place, and I should have been able 
to claim a birthright here to-day. Withal, and aside from these per- 
sonal allusions, which, I trust, may be pardoned on an occasion like 
the present, there is no one, probably, not a native of the place, to 
whom the name and the fame of Danvers can be of greater interest 
than to me. Here, as I have said, have been spent many of the best 
and happiest years of my life. Here was the birthplace of most of 
my children. And there is, sir, a significance in the sentiment you 
have offered, which touches my heart very nearly, and prompts me 
most strongly to respond to it. 

Mr. President, and Ladies and Gentlemen : I thank you for the 
remembrance of your former townsmen, and assure you that, as one 
of them, lam most happy to be with you to-day; — to be at home, 
once more, on this familiar spot, surrounded with so many familiar and 
• endeared friends. 

Among the recollections df the occasion have been brought to mind 
many of the distinguished names and characters, which have graced 



163 

the history of Danvers in her earlier and later years. There are oth- 
ers, also, some of them less known to fame, of whom I have persona! 
recollections, and should be glad, were there time, to speak. There 
are Wadsworth and Cowles, — ministers, whose labors, characters and 
influence are still fresh in the memories, and indelibly fixed in the 
hearts of many among you. There are, in private life, the Kings, the 
Oakeses, the Proctors, the Pooles, the Putnams, the Shillabers, the 
Shoves, the Southwicks, the Suttons, and others, — men, in whose 
characters were traits of great worth, and the fruits of w^hose energy 
and enterprise, industry and thrift, integrity and benevolence, are 
thickly spread around you in the high reputation and the general pros- 
perity of the town. But it would ill become me to occupy so large a 
portion of the few remaining moments of this occasion. I cannot for- 
bear, however, to speak, though but a word, of one whose name and 
image are freshly before us all to-day, and whose early removal from 
the world has given birth to a deep and universal feeling of sorrow 
and regret. I mean the Hon. Daniel P. King. 

There were several marked features, both in the public and private 
character of Mr. King, which render it a grateful duty to commemorate 
him as you have done, and as others have elsewhere done. They also 
make it an imperative duty to commend his example frequently to the 
young and aspiring minds in the community, for their regard and imi- 
tation. His high sense of honor, leading him always to preserve self- 
respect, and to guard against the slightest cause for just reproach from 
others ; his quiet industry and patient labor, — both with the hands and 
the head ; his firmness of purpose and ready obedience to every call of 
duty ; his incorruptible integrity ; his generous, and often concealed, 
benevolence ; his love for the place of his birth, his interest in the 
schools and the churches, his endeavors in every way to promote 
knowledge and virtue in the community ; his love of country, his 
labors and influence in the councils of the state and the nation ; his 
watchful attention to every measure, which might help to secure the 
glory of the land, and to further the best interests of humanity ; — all 
these are well known here. And it cannot be too often repeated to 
the young, that it was by such a course of life, he raised himself to an 
eminence which commanded universal esteem and confidence, made 
him an honor to his native town, and a benefactor to his country. 

One most striking circumstance in the history of Mr. King has been 
brought to our notice to-day, by his distinguished colleague in Con- 
gress, who was particularly associated with him in the measure, during 
the discussion of which it occurred. The Hon. Mr. Palfrey has told 
us that Mr. King remained, for many hours, calmly attentive and faith- 
ful at his post in one of the most trying scenes of his public usefulness, 
whilst his heart was, at the same time, throbbing with the pangs of 
the most painful intelligence which could be borne to an afTectionate 
parent. So deeply did he cherish the sense of duty to his country and 
humanity, that he could entirely suppress the emotions of an aching; 
breast, and stifle the utterance of bereaved and wounded affection. 
Admirable instance of moral firmness, of conscientious adherence to- 
duty, of C/hristian faith and fortitude. Worthy is it to be inscribed, in, 
letters of gold, on the walls of \he representative's hall ! Worthy is it 



164 

to bo held up for adnuration before every public man, and every youth 
in our land ! By tiiem who have seen and known Mr. King in his 
religious life and character, it will easily be understood from what 
source such calmness and firmness proceeded. Would to Heaven 
they might be more commonly displayed where like manifestations are 
needed every day ! 

I have alluded to Mr. King's interest in the schools and tlie churches 
of his native place. I believe, sir, it is only by a similar iriterest in 
these institutions, that you can preserve* the present, or secure the future 
prosperity and reputation of this town. In the fitting words with whicli 
the President welcomed the guests at this festive board, he brought 
to our imagination the vast increase and importance of Danvers after 
the lapse of another century ; and significantly asked what sliall be the 
character of her citizens at that day. Sir, I believe it is not too much 
to affirm that the answer to that question depends, mainly, upon the 
watchful attention of her citizens now to the intellectual and religious 
education of the young. I believe it is by her schools, her Sabbath 
schools and her churches to-day, and for the century to come, infinite- 
ly more than by her material growth and prosperity, that the character 
of the Danvers of 1952 will be determined. Let these institutions be 
sacredly guarded, and their benefits be diffused to the utmost. Let no 
narrow views of present policy, or economy, prevent the proper en- 
largement and improvement of the one, and the steadfast and honora- 
ble maintenance of the other. Let every intellect receive the culture 
and development of a thorough education. Let every heart imbibe 
the hallowing influences of religion. Let the tokens of a patient in- 
dustry and a growing thrift, quicken the pulses of them who are about 
to enter upon the world's labors and strifes. Let the increasing de- 
mands of the age, the deep wants of the soul, and the loud calls of 
humanity and of providence, give to them who are already treading 
the busy walks of manhood, steadiness of purpose, a chastened eager- 
ness in worldly pursuits, and make them live for higher ends than 
wealth or fame. Let the memory of the past, and the kindling visions 
of a future brighter day, be alike an impulse to faithfulness in every 
trust, and an incentive to progress in every noble achievement. 

I had intended, Mr. President, to say a few words in reference to the 
generous donation, the announcement of which has so delighted and 
electrified us all, — urging faithfulness to the trust, and the best possible 
exertions to give effect to the noble purpose of the donor. But I am 
anticipated by others, and if it were not so, time would not permit. All 
honor to that noble merchant prince, whose wealth is thus employed 
for the highest benefit of his race ! All honor and gratitude to the man 
whose heart beats warmly with the recollection of his early home, and 
with purposes of lasting benefit to his early friends ! 

Mr. President, allow me, with the heartiest response to your own 
expression of regard for your former townsmen, to offer the following 
sentiment : 

Tlie Schools and the Churches of Danvers — The safeguards of her present, 
and the hope of her future prosperity and ftime. May they be sacredly guard- 
ed and sustained. 



165 

The Rev. ISRAEL W. PUTNAM, having heen callecJ upon, replied : 

Mr. President : — I have heen requested to say a word in notice of 
one distinguished and excellent individual of our town, the late Hon. 
Samuel Holten. 

Although he was removed thirty-six years ago, from the scenes of 
this world, in which he had acted so important and so good a part, yet 
I know there are now living, and probably present on this interesting 
occasion, a few, at least, who had a personal knowledge of his history 
and character, — for he belonged to their generation or to the one next 
before them ; but there are others here who have not that knowledge. 
To both these classes of my fellow-citizens, (and I must call all the 
inhabitants of my native town such,) I would say, that they will find 
the character of that excellent man faithfully delineated in the funeral 
discourse delivered by his friend and pastor, the late Rev. Dr. Wads- 
worth : and I beg leave to refer you, Mr. President, and all here 
present, to that discourse for the true character of a man whose mem- 
ory should be cherished with respect and gratitude down to the latest 
generation of his people. 

It appears that Judge Holten (or rather Dr. Holten, as he always 
chose to be called) was born in 1738, one hundred and fourteen years 
ago, in Salem Village, now, for one hundred years, Danvers. He was 
in every respect a youth of high promise ; but feebleness of health 
interfering with his father's destination for him, which was a collegiate 
education, his attention was early turned to the healing art. At the 
age of eighteen, he commenced the practice of that profession in the 
town of Gloucester; but soon returned to his native place, where he 
spent a long life of usefulness in the town, and in various public ser- 
vices of the country. 

With all the talents his Creator had given him, which were of a 
highly respectable character, and with a full share of the zeal of the 
patriots of our Revolutionary struggle, he enlisted, at the age of thirty, 
in the cause of his country ; and that cause he never forsook in its 
darkest day. This occasion does not admit of even the briefest review 
of the faithful services he performed, or of the distinguished posts of 
trust and honor which he held from the year 1768 to that of 1783, 
when the great struggle was over, and the independence of the country 
was acknowledged by the British nation and the world. 

His counsels and his services were sought and rendered in the Com- 
monwealth or in the Continental Congress during that whole period ; 
and once he was elected as presiding officer of that patriotic and 
august body, — the highest seat of honor which his country had to give. 

But his public services did not cease when the independence of the 
country was achieved. He took an active part in the formation of the 
Federal Constitution ; and after it was adopted was for several years a 
Member of Congress. Twice he was an elector of president and vice 
president. Many high and responsible offices did he fill in the Com- 
monwealth, — being for eight years Representative of the town in the 
General Court, five years in the Senate, and twelve in the Council. 

When not employed in more public services abroad, he was with 
great unanimity called to the care of the local interests of the town 



166 

and the parish* to which he holonged. Twenty-four years lie was 
treasurer of the town, and about half a century treasurer of the 
parish, — performing all the services of those ofl'ices gratuitously, and 
frequently when the treasury was empty, answering drafts upon it from 
his own personal resources. 

Forty-seven years in all he was in the public service of his country, 
— always punctual, faithful and devoted to his duties and engagements: 
and let it be remembered, as the venerable Wadsworth said, that 
" goodness and usefulness well characterize true greatness." 

But the character of Dr. Holten shone with equal brightness in the 
private walks and social relations of life. Very few, however, of those 
who knew him intimately are now living to testify to his excellence in 
these respects. I would only add here that in the dignified appearance 
of his person, in the condescending and instructive manner of his 
conversation, and in his whole external deportment, he was at once a 
model and a monument of the old school of gentlemen of his day. 

But I should do injustice to the memory of Dr. Holten if I failed to 
bear testimony to the highest and noblest part of his character ; I refer 
to his Christian piety. He was a man who revered the word and the 
institutions of God. He was constant and devout in his attendance on 
divine worship in public and in private life. He was ever alive to 
the interests of " pure and undefiled religion," cheerfully bearing a 
large share in the support of all Christian institutions, and adorning 
the profession of his Savior's name by a life which exhibited in beau- 
tiful consistency the Christian virtues and Christian graces during the 
whole period of fifty-six years for which he was a member of the 
church. 

If what I have said should have the effect of turning the attention of 
this generation of the people to a study of the character of Judge 
Holten, as they will find it delineated in the Discourse to which I have 
referred, I am persuaded they will not fail to cherish the highest respect 
for that distinguished and excellent man. 

It may not be known noiv, — the coming generations of our town 
may jierer know, the social, civil and moral worth of Dr. H.; but I 
think there can be little doubt that his services and his character 
contributed largely to the prosperity of the town that gave him birth, 
and that enjoyed nearly the whole of his long and useful life ; — con- 
tributed to the stability of its institutions, to the extent and variety of 
its educational privileges, to the order, industry and thrift of its inhab- 
itants, and to the highly honorable position it has taken and is destined 
to take among the towns of our beloved Commonwealth. 

But, Mr. President, I turn gratefully from these views of a character 
which I could not but love and respect from my early childhood, to the 
scenes of this joyful anniversary. I love to look around on the grounds 
and streets and dwellings of this part of the town, — changed greatly 
indeed from what they were fifty-five years ago, when I first began to 
see them. I love to think of the venerable men and women whom I 
knew here in other days, — the Poors, the Proctors, the Osborns, the 
Kings, the Danielses, the Pooles, and others. I love to go back to my 
own native parish and think of the Holtens, the Kettells, the Pages, 
the Nicholses, the Prestons, the Flints, the Princes, and my kinsmen 



THE NH¥/ TOHK 



•nuDCn FOUNDATIONS. 




^ ^//- 



z/-e^-y ^j^-^-^^^^'fi^-T^^^^" 






Mrssiun.'ir)' to Ceyloji. 



167 

the Putiiams, and others, whom I once knew there. And here, did not 
delicacy forbid, I would name an honored father,* — not unknown as a 
useful citizen, a faithful and long-acting inugistrate, and a firm sup- 
porter of the Christian ministry and Cliristian institutions. And here, 
too, I think I shall be allowed to name a son of one of these respected 
families, who is yet among the living. I allude to my beloved Christian 
and ministerial brother, the Rev. Daniel Poor, who is still toiling and 
praying in heathen climes for the salvation of heathen men. A close 
and endeared intimacy of forty-five years warrants me to speak freely 
of him. Many now within the compass of my voice know him well. 
Others do not Were he here this day no one would need speak for 
liim. Let me say, then, that he was born on this ground, and that 
here he spent his early days. Yes, and it was here that the Spirit of 
God turned his youthful heart to love the things of the Heavenly 
Kingdom ; and it was under the influence of that love that he then 
consecrated himself to the service of his Lord and Master, wherever 
on the earth it should be His holy will to employ him. It was here, 
in his very boyhood, (as he used pleasantly to tell nie,) that he made 
his first attempts in literary and theological writing. It was in yonder 
little valley, almost within our sight, and while in his humble calling 
he was following his sluggish horse round in the bark-mill, that he 
composed that regular set of little sermons, which he sometimes 
showed a friend here, and which I hope he now has with him in India. 

But that " chosen vessel " was not destined to be used permanently 
in a iark-miU. A mother's prayers and a father's means soon put him 
in the way of a classical and theological education. It was my own 
happiness to be associated with him in both. Soon he became a 
preacher of the blessed gospel of Jesus Christ, and, thirty-seven years 
ago, sailed for the Eastern world with her, whom he had chosen as a 
help-meet in his Missionary work. 

We all know, or ought to know, the rest, — his labors there, his re- 
cent thrilling visit to his native land, his cheerful return to his heathen 
home. Toil on, dear brother, thy Master's eye approves thy work, 
and thou wilt soon hear that Master's voice, saying, " Well done, good 
and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 

To the President of this festival I would say, if he was present, 1 
congratulate you on having your lot cast in the good old town of Dan- 
VERs. I congratulate you on being the successor of such men as the 
venerated Clark and Wadsworth in the ministerial office. May it please 
the great Head of the church to allow you, like them, to finish out a 
full half century in the holy calling in which you have already spent 
so great a portion of your life. And, when at last you are about 
being gathered unto the past generations of the town, may you be 
allowed to look upon its churches and its people as prosperous and 
happy, not only in the enjoyment of the blessings of civil and religious 
liberty, but also in the practical exhibition of the purity and piety of 
their Pilgrim Fathers. 

* Eleazer Putnam, Esq., a worthy man and magistrate, much employed as 
a surveyor, conveyancer, &c., and for the transaction of legal business in the 
town. 



168 

Mr. Putnam iiaving concluded, the President proposed — 

The Annallsl of Salem — lie has rescuod many important facts in our local 
history froiii oblivion, for wiiich wu owe iiiin a debt of gratitude toa great for 
present payment, lie may, however, be assured that it never will be rcpudiaied. 

This was responded to by Rev. J. B. FELT, of Boston : 

Mr. Chairman : — To every cooperator who stands on the isthmus of 
the present, and rescues some relics of the past from rushing to ob- 
livion, it is next to the approval of his conscious obligation that he 
hears those of his own day, and especially on an occasion like this, 
utter language which denotes that his labor has not been in vain. 

Sir, our attention thus far has been given chiefly to the men of this 
corporation. This is both natural and necessary in detailing events of 
history, because, such is the constitution of society, males are leaders 
in its prominent concerns. But it is well, so that the balance of justice 
should be right in the affairs of life, that we sometimes advert to the 
part which the gentler sex have had in the founding, preserving and 
advancing communities and nations. May we not, then, be allowed 
to do so at a time like this, when, more probably than at others, heart 
meets heart, and the sympathies of humanity flow spontaneously, 
generously and equitably .'' 

Let us, for a few minutes, look at " the better half," wdio, between 
1630 and 1640, were among the settlers of Brooksby, the Village, and 
other principal divisions of this town. We behold them, as to their 
several departures from Salem, for such locations. Grants of land 
had been laid out for the families with which they were connected. 
Log cabins for some, till choicer lumber could be sawed, and better 
abodes for others, were prepared, with furniture less abundant than in 
our day. Informed that these habitations were ready for their accom- 
modation, they at different dates came to them, part of the way, as 
supposed, on the waters of North River, by canoes, then extensively 
used, and the rest on foot. With them, horses and pillions, and other 
land conveyances, were very scarce. Omnibuses and steam cars, so 
familiar to our vision, they never saw. 

Thus, entering upon their domicils with strong and consoling faith, 
that whatever might be their experience of weal or woe, it would be 
divinely overruled for their highest welfare, we cannot but revere and 
bless their memory, as important pioneers in the great work of em- 
ploying means for contributing to the promotion of the religious Com- 
monwealth, — the main object for which Massachusetts was settled. 
In view of the distance between them and their native land, 

" What sought they, thus afar ? 

Bright jewels of the mine ? 
The wealth of seas, — the spoil of war ? 

They sought a faith's pure shrine. 
Ay, call it holy ground. 

The soil where first they trod, 
They have left unstained what here they found, 

Freedom to worship God.'' 

But for the presence, approval and affection of such fair friends, few 
of the men, who cleared away the long-standing woods of this soil, and 



169 

braved the perils of the red man, lurking to be revenged for what he 
supposed the wrongs of his raee ; perils of the wolf, bear and other 
ferocious beasts ; of famine and pestilence, — would have had a heart 
to begin the world anew in such repulsive wilds. But for those of 
them, who had sufficient strength, even when the sufferings incident 
to new settlements were experienced ; when the miasma of stagnant 
waters and uncleared lands, scarcity of food and prevalence of sick- 
ness, were followed, among themselves and kindred, with more than 
usual mortality, there would have been few, if any, who, like minister- 
ing angels, would have comforted the distressed, given medicine for 
the recovery of the diseased, whispered truths of Christian hope be- 
yond the grave, prayed with the dying, and commended their souls to 
the welcome of the Puritan's God. Look at these more than " Sisters, 
of Charity," in the trials which shook the pillars of the colony, and' 
caused the stoutest heart to quail. Among tribulations of this kind,, 
were the perplexed and lamentable controversy with Roger Williams 
and his followers ; the repeated demands of the crown for the sur- 
render of the charter, and, consequently, the prospective subversion of' 
civil and religious liberty, for which the emigrants had put to hazardl 
every other temporal interest ; the hostile daring of the powerful! 
tribes of the Narragansctts and Pequods, and the collisions, arising- 
from the discussion of Ann Hutchinson's sentiments and the disarming: 
of her supporters. Other events of similar danger might bo cited, 
enough to aid in the composition of an Iliad, full of stirring, impressive 
and truthful scenes. To meet them with the spirit of fortitude, and' 
strenuously turn them aside from crushing the barriers of social order 
and desolating the best refuge of the oppressed, what, of human aid, 
was more needed, here and elsewhere, than the home influences of 
virtuous woman, which calm the disquieted temper, cool angry resent- 
ment, infuse aspirations for peace, cherish the feelings of forbearance, 
but, when necessity calls, nerve the arm for noble deeds in defence of 
equitable privileges ? Such was the part of matrons, who were numi-. 
bered among the primitive members of this community. 

Of like tendency was their care for education and piety, the two 
great sources, whence enlightenment to understand and principle to 
cherish and preserve the institutions, established by the patriarchs of 
New England. Beginning with the children at the fire-side and pro- 
viding for them advantages of instruction at school, they impressed on. 
their minds the excellence of knowledge, and, in process of training,, 
enabled them to perceive the difference between tyranny, which gov- 
erns to degrade its subjects, and liberty, which controls to elevate its 
supporters. But these, and all else appertaining to the physical and 
intellectual properties of our race, they held far inferior to the religious 
improvement of their descendants. They did not pass over, as a dead 
letter, the instructions of the company, in England, to Governor Endi- 
cott. Does the inquiry arise, what were these ? Part of them refer 
to the Lord's day. "To the end the Sabbath may be celebrated in a 
religious manner, we appoint, that all, that inhabit the Plantation, both 
for the general and particular employments, may surcease their labor- 
every Saturday throughout the year, at three of the clock in the after- 
noon, and that they spend the rest of that day, in catechisin j andi 
22 V 



170 

preparation for the Sabbatli," In spiritual harmony with tliis injunc- 
tion, anotlicr part follows. " Our earnest desire is, that you take 
special care in settling families, that the chief in the family, at least some 
one of them, be grounded in religion, whereby morning and evening 
duties may be duly performed, and a watchful eye held over all in 
each family, that so disorders may be prevented and ill weeds nipt 
before they take too great a head." Here, Mr. Chairman, as is well 
known, was the application of that religious element, which historians 
of eminence, like Tocqueville, acknowledge to have been as the salt, 
which has prevalendy savored the population of our country so as to 
keep its institutions of freedom from being cast out and trodden under 
the feet of licentiousness and oppression. To commands of such vital 
importance, the mothers of Brooksby, the village and other neighbor- 
hoods, did vigilantly and perseveringly look,so that communion with 
the Father of all mercies in the Sanctuary and around the domestic 
altar, might be punctually practised, as among the chief safeguards 
against infidelity and iniquity, and the great promoters of faith and 
righteousness. 

Thus actuated by the liighest motives, revealed from the wonder- 
ful Code of the Moral Universe, to our fallen race, to employ the best 
means for accomplishing the greatest good, they had the most suitable 
preparation for every other concern of their domestic and social circles. 
in thes(\ though coming far short of perfection, they endeavored to dis- 
charge their relative duties, at home and abroad, so that all, with whom 
they were associated, might be the better and the happier for such a 
connexion. In this manner, they stamped upon the minds and hearts of 
the young, soon to take on themselves the public responsibilities of 
their seniors, principles, which continbuted more than the strongest for- 
tifications, the largest and best appointed fleets and armies could, to the 
permanency of the town and Commonwealth in their spirit, life, pur- 
pose and salutary influences. 

Every sire, then blessed with such a " help-meet," could he speak 
from his long resting place, would say to each of his sons, now in the 
morning of life, 

" Oh ! link with one spirit, that 's warmly sincere, 
That \v\\l heighten your pleasure and solace your care ; 
Find a soul you may trust, as the kind and the just, 
And be sure, the wide world holds no treasure so rare ; 
Then the frowns of misfortune may shadow our lot, 
The cheek-searing tear-drops of sorrow may start, 
But a star, never dim, sheds a halo for him, 
Who can turn, for repose, to a home in the heart." 

Cannot all of us, Mr. Chairman, who have carefully looked over the 
ground, respond, with a heai'ty amen, to the foregoing positions 7 
William Hubbard, of Ipswich, in his election sermon of 1676, related, 
that there was a town, in Germany, called Mindin, because the em- 
peror and several of the neighboring princes, harmonized there, in 
opinion, on some important question. It will be perceived, that Mindin 
is from the German mein, dein, or in English, mine, thine, indicating, 
that clashing judgments of one party and the other, had been brought 
together and solved into a pleasant unanimity. We know, also, that 
the name, Danvers, given to this corporation, was so granted in the 



171 

livt^ly exercise of kind afTections towards a patron. With the at- 
mosphere tf these happy examples around us, can we do less, in view 
of what the primitive matrons of this community did, than freely and 
fully unite in the sentiment, — 

That they were worthy parents of worthy descendants, and, wliile wc grate- 
fully remember the excellence of the motlierii, we will cherish the best wishes 
for the prosperity of the children. 

The following sentiment was then announced : — 

The Women of Danvers in Revolutionwi/ times — like the staple manufacture 
of the town — linn, tough and well tanned, — but unlike it, as they were not to 
be trampled upon. 

To this sentiment, SAMUEL P. FOWLER responded : 

Mr. Presideiit : — I had hoped that some one else would respond to 
your sentiment, but as no one arises, I will attempt to offer a few re- 
marks. The women of Danvers, Mr. President, have always manifested 
a great interest in the welfare of their country, and have ever been 
ready to assist in extending the glory of her arms abroad, and pro- 
moting the blessings of peace at home. VVHien their sons were called 
upon by Governor Shirley, in 1755, lo form a company of volunteers 
to reduce the forts of Nova Scotia, they cheerfully furnished them 
with clothing and other articles necessary for their comfort. After 
they were equipped, and about to join their regiment at Boston, these 
patriotic women of Danvers accompanied the volunteers to the village 
church, where a long and interesting sennon was delivered by Rev. 
Peter Clark. His subject upon this occasion was, " A word in season 
to soldiers." 

The daughters of these energetic women were the mothers of 1775, 
who, prompted by the same love of country, cheerfully yielded their 
husbands and sons to secure on the field of battle its independence. 
Some of them, the day after the battle of Lexington, visited the scene 
of that bloody conflict. Thus, at this early period of the Revolution, 
were enkindled those fires of patriotism which burnt brightly till its 
close. But the women of the present day are not called upon to make 
such sacrifices for their country ; if they were, we doubt not, the same 
spirit would be exhibited. It is theirs now to adorn and beautify the 
inheritance so dearly purchased, and by their virtues to increase its 
glory and prosperity. Upon occasions of public interest, the energy, 
skill and taste of women are all called into requisition. We are in- 
debted to the women of Danvers for much of the neatness and taste 
displayed by our public schools, for those oriental costumes and ancient 
tableaux, which have added so much to the interest of our Centennial 
Celebration. 

In the sentiment offered, allusion has been made to the staple man- 
ufacture of the town. Mr. President, Danvers has never been ashamed 
of her industrious and intelligent citizens, who have labored in the 
leather business, in all its various branches. She has often presented 
them with posts of honor and trust, and they in return have always 
been ready to sustain her interests, and have greatly contributed to her 



172 

wealth and prosperity. And may the time never arrive when our sons 
will be ashamed of this business, or Danvers will have reason to be 
ashamed of them. 

The next sentiment announced was — 

South Read'ins; and Danvers — United by bands of iron, but still more 
strongly by the ties of friendship and mutual good will. 

To the above, Hon. LILLEY EATON, of South Reading, remarked 
substantially as follows : — 

I rise, Mr. President, obedient to your call, but not with the intention 
to inflict upon you a speech. I much prefer to save you from the 
tediousncss, and myself from the mortification, of such an act at this 
late hour. I cannot, however, forbear to allude to the kind terms of 
your sentiment, which seems to call upon South Reading for a response, 
by assuring you that South Reading, and her good mother old Reading, 
cordially reciprocate the feelings of good will which you now express. 
They both rejoice in all the bonds of union which attach them to Dan- 
vers. They rejoice in the business relations, — those leathern cords, 
which bind them to each other by the ties of a mutual interest ; but 
they rejoice more, and chiefly, in those ties of friendship and good will 
which always have, and I trust always will, unite their respective in- 
habitants. Old Reading recollects the days of ancient times, and the 
people of former generations. She recalls to mind that from Salem — 
then including Danvers — from Lynn and from Ipswich, she formerly 
received the chief and best part of her permanent settlers. She also 
hopes, Mr. President, that you will not refuse to acknowledge in return, 
that while she has sent her rivers of population to Ipswich and Lynn, 
she has also done something by supplying with her little rivulets the 
villages and " Dishfulls " of Danvers. 

If time permitted, I might go into particulars, and ask where Danvers 
obtained her Uptons, but from old mother Reading .? — and the spirit 
of enterprise they have infused into your community ought to serve to 
bleach out any specks, if any could be found in her good name, and 
glue us more strongly together. 

I might also ask you, Mr. President, where your ancestors, befoi-e 
the Revolution, would have obtained their leather gloves and small 
clothes, had not William Poole, the leather-dresser of Reading, who 
was born there in 1726, emigrated to Danvers, and settled down by 
the side of Strong-water Brook } It was to his ancestor that the earliest 
eettlers of Reading were indebted for the staff of life. John Poole 
was the first mill owner in Reading, and from his pond Pooles in abun- 
,dance may be found sparkling all over the broad surface of our country. 

I might go on and show you many other instances of family rela- 
■.tionship, but my purpose in rising is fulfilled when I propose the fol- 
lowing sentiment : 

Danvers and Rtadinr — May the iron bands, the leathern cords, and friendly 
liles, which now exist, continually grow stronger and stronger, so long as the 
• waters run in our rivers or sparkle in the pools. 



173 

JOHiN WEBSTER, Esq., of Newmarket, N. H., one of the Vice- 
Presidents of the day, responded to the following : — 

77te Public Schools of Danvers— Excelsior their motto, their aim perfection. 

Mr. President : — It is a source of satisfaction to those of us here 
present, who claim the old town of Danvers as the home of our child- 
hood, but whose lot in manhood has made ihem wanderers on the sea, 
or sojourners by the granite hills of the North, oi* the sunny climes of 
the South, to witness the evidences of prosperity and progress which 
we see around you. 

By the unique and skilfully devised procession which has been 
escorted through your streets to-day, you have exhibited to us, Mr. 
President, the past in contrast with the present. We have seen the 
maiden and the matron of olden time, the witches of the past, as well 
as the witches of the present, the farmer and mechanic of old, with the 
rude implements of their pursuits, the gentleman citizen, with his long 
cue and hair, made white by fashion, not by age, the honest quaker, 
with no hybrid habiliments, the military officer, as much over covered 
with coat as deficient in his nether garment, the reverend clergyman, 
his parish then a life estate — all these, in the varied costume of the 
times, have been called up from the grave, and passed before us ; — 
still more, sir, distinguished and eloquent speakers, here present, have 
told us of your early history, of your deeds of bravery in defence of 
our country, and have traced your progress in population, in wealth, in 
enterprise, in intelligence from the time that was, to the time that is — 
they have told us of the public interest felt in your public schools, and 
of their present efficient condition — and, in the words of the sentiment 
which has now been proposed, that your motto is Excelsior, your aim 
so high even as perfection. It would have been interesting and in- 
structive, sir, if you could also have brought up from the oblivion of 
the past the school and the schoolmaster of the olden time, to pass ex- 
amination before us. It is not for mc, Mr. President, to go any further 
into the past, than is within the knowledge of many others here present 
— say some thirty-five years ago. 

There then stood by the side of the Old South Church a little one- 
story, one-room schoolhousc, known as Number One, in Danvers. 
At the time to which I refer, the teacher of this school was a quaint, 
eccentric, corpulent old gentleman * A broad rimmed hat, on which 
time had made wrinkles, as well as on the face of the wearer, a dark 
colored, broad skirted coat, somewhat s:edy, while that part of his dress 
now called pants came only to the knees, and were ornamented with 
a huge buckle, his feet encased in a pair of coarse cow-hide shoes, or, 
ut times, in boots of the same material, which came nigh to conjunc- 

* Master Benj. Gile, whose virtues as well as eccentricities are well known 
to the inhabitants of Danvers. He vvas a brother to Rev. Dr. Gile, of Milton. 
After retiring from the olBce of teacher he was appointed to an office of trust 
in town, the duties of which he performed with great fidelity. He died April 
Ifi, 1834, aged 70, and caused the following line to be inscribed on his grave- 
stone, which stands in the Monumental Cemetery: — "I taught little 

CHILDREN TO READ." 



174 

tion with the nether garment, was the usual costume he wore, a fashion 
somewhat antecedent to the time of which I speak — all which gave 
him the appearance of a gentleman of the old school. And now, 
Mr. President, let me introduce you inside the schoolhouse aforesaid. 
It is a cold, winter morning — a little box cast-iron stove stands near 
the centre of the room — the seats around bear evident marks of that 
trait of character, industry — for which your people still maintain so 
favorable reputation — and true is the saying, sir, that " scissors cut as 
well as knives," for the side of the room occupied by the gentler sex, 
is not free from these marks of labor. Well, sir, the master stands at 
his desk, and the school is opened with the salutation, — Boys, I am 
10,000 years old. You see 7't'e got mij old coat on to-day, and I 
always tell you, when you see that you must look out. I hope I shall 
not have to kill any of you to-day. The time at which I take you into 
the school, as I have said, was a cold, stormy morning in winter. The 
little stove is crammed with w^ood, and its influence, as the school 
opens, is only felt in its immediate vicinity. The snow drifts are too 
high for the girls to be out, and the boys are permitted to cluster round 
the stove, the usual routine of exercise omitted, and the morning hours 
devoted to reading the Bible ; such of the scholars reading a verse 
each, alternately, that choose to do so, while others, with the Bible at 
hand, are playing Pins — head to points — and others practising the in- 
structive lesson of Spin Sparrow — but, alas ! for the lad who has not 
the right verse in succession, to read, if called to do so by our master ; 
the heavy cow-hide whip rings over the back of the unfortunate one, 
and a general whispering inquiry, from one to the other, is — Where is 
the place 7 

In the course of instruction pursued by our teacher, it was a matter 
of no trifling importance that every one in the class should exactly toe 
the line or crack in the floor. Failing to do so, as was sometimes the 
case, it was no unheard of practice of the master to apply his huge 
slioulders, vigorously, to the one standing at the head, and a good pro- 
portion of the whole class were tumbled in a heap on the floor ; as 
you have seen, sir, a skilful player at ten pins, by striking the head 
one, score the other nine. 

In addition to the distinctive names which parents usually give to 
their children, our teacher had quite a number of pupils that he dis- 
tinguished by favorite, additional titles of his own. One girl, now the 
wife of one of your wealthy citizens, was usually addressed as the girl 
who came out of the clouds ; one boy was called Wisdom, one Bona- 
parte, another Old Buck, &c. 

Nor were the modes of punishment for school offences any less 
original, ingenious and impressive. Among these, were standing on 
the platform with a piece of wood partially split, which was placed 
across the nose of the offender, the effect of which was something like 
placing the nose in a vise. This was called wearing the spectacles, 
after wearing which an hour a boy could, undoubtedly, see to study 
better. 

Holding a heavy stick of wood in the hand, with the arm extended 
perpendicularly, was another method of punishment, and others, still 
more original, were practised, which I will not take up your time 
in relating. 



175 

The course of instruction was limited to Reading, Spelling, Writing, 
and Arithnnetic, in which latter branch our teacher was wonderfully 
skilled. Near the close of his administration, which continued several 
years, the first germ of progress began to be developed, a portion of 
the parents thinking it necessary their children should be taught 
English grammar. Murray's Grammar was accordingly introduced 
into the school as a reading book, and this was the method by which 
we were initiated into this mysterious science, and it may suffice to 
say- — our knowledge of this branch was very soon fully up to the 
standard of perfection to which our teacher himself had arrived. 
The schoolmaster of the present applies the screw to develop the 
boy's brains, he of the past applied the cow-hide to develop marks on 
our backs. The teacher of to-day is inquisitive, he requires a Why or 
a Wherefore ; the former one never gave offence to his pupils in this 
way. 

Well do I remember the fear that filled my youthful heart, at the 
oft-repeated warning given us to beware and dread the last day, — not 
of the duration of the world, — but the last day of school term. So im- 
pressed was I with the fear of what the cow-hide was to do, that 1 pre- 
vailed on my parents to allow me to be absent on this eventful day, 
and great was my astonishment, when meeting my school companions 
after the close, to hear how the day had been passed. The exercises 
were commenced with a spelling match ; two of the elder lads choos- 
ing, alternately, the most skilled in this important branch, and so down 
till rows were formed, facin^ each other for the battle, the whole 
length of the room. The crooked and uncouth words of the Dictiona- 
ry were selected for the contest, and the side, which had recorded 
against it the most errors, was pronounced the vanquished, and the 
victors were allowed to hurra, scream, shout, hiss, and stamp their feet 
and clap their hands, to their heart's content. 

After this, all the jack-knives, tops, pop guns, spin sparrows, and 
other boyish valuables, which had been seized for their several offences 
during the year, were taken from the depot, the master's desk, thrown 
on the floor, and scrambled for by all the boys. 

Mr. President, I have detained you longer than I intended. The 
imperfect sketch which I have given is no fancy, no embellished pic- 
ture of our school, as several I see present, who were fellow-pupils at 
the time, can bear me witness. 

Sir, a distinguished writer has said, " io interpret the present thor- 
oughly, loe must understand and unfold the past^ The historian, the 
antiquary are searching the world over, among musty parchments and 
fragmentary documents, for record of deeds of the past. Should not 
the school and the teacher of other days be brought up to the light, 
that our youth may more highly estimate the advantages of the 
present ? Great men are giving the work of their heads and the 
work of their hands to popular education. Our towns, even those of 
limited, pecuniary means, are taxing themselves, with no grudging or 
stinted measure, for this object. 

A history of the public schools of New England, their origin, their 
progress, their present condition, it seems to me, would be no unwel- 
come volume. 



176 

What, the record will be of the schools of Danvers at a second cen- 
tennial celebration, is not for ns to inquire. Only let your motto con- 
tinue to be " Excelsior, your aim perfection." 

I close, sir, by proposing the following sentiment : 

The Pupils oflhc Public Schools of Danvers — Lot them profit liy a compari- 
son of tlic present with the past, and make the bef-t use of their increased 
advantajjes of instruction, always veneratintj those whose highest ambition it 
was, to " teach little children to read." 

Rev. FRANK P. APPLETON rose, and spoke as follows :— 

I am glad, Mr. President, to see that on this interesting occasion 
the public schools of Danvers have not been forgotten. Perhaps there 
is no feature of the day more full of beauty, meaning and hope than 
the long ranks of our public school children. They moved then as 
the ambassadors, the messengers, from us to the coming generation, 
those through whom the old men of the next centennial shall know us 
— the bond between us of the then Past, and those of the then Present 
— midway over a space we cannot cross. Through them our thought 
and life shall then speak. Their children telling of what we now do 
— their life stretching onward far beyond our own. The battle, 
God grant them faith to make it the victory, of life fast gathering 
around them. Was it not a touching thought, that of all those un- 
changed locks and faces, unworn by thought and care, not one 
could be remembered by the younger lives of the next centennial, 
other than as with whitened head and time-stamped brow .' Was it 
not a pleasant thought to have, that many of them would then be the 
venerated and the honored and the gratefully remembered ? Yes, 
they were those, around whom, in their utter unconsciousness, gathered 
the meaning, the virtue and the character of the second centennial. 
As children they were all this and more, but as representatives of the 
public schools, another and weightier meaning lay upon their presence. 
They spoke of what is to us, and I say it with due thought, of what 
is without reservation or exception the most pure, most Christian, 
therefore most powerful institution in our midst, worth all the rest ten 
times repeated. The most pure, powerful Christian institution in our 
midst — the Public School ; better and stronger than constitution, law 
or church. Yes, I am sure of that. You may say, without these last 
public schools would never have been. Be that as it may, here they 
are, and if thus born it will not be the first time the child has been 
better and nobler than the parent, and become in turn, guardian, sup- 
port and protector. Such our common schools now are. The founda- 
tion of our future prosperity — the one outward institution upon which all 
our others must depend, free from party or sectarian rule. Kept sa- 
credly free from all such poison, and the best trait in our New England 
character is that we, however else we difTer and quarrel, joii^ in guard- 
ing our schools against these Satans of public and social life. To the 
public school system I look as the last and best hope for our country 
and our race. There lies the heart of all republicanism, all true 
equality, and all free religion. And the more you do for that, the 
more I solemnly believe you do for God and man, and true duty. It 



177 

is a growing power, one whose calm and yet tremendous energy has 
never before been tried on earth : the great new feature of American 
civilization. With all its present errors, — for it is just dawning upon 
us now, — its spirit is right. And if I were to sum up in one sentence 
the word I would speak to the coming generation, I would say — Be 
TRUE TO Conscience and your Public Schools. 

Dr. EBENEZER HUNT responded to the following sentiment :— 

The principle of Total Abstinence — It found its earliest friends and wannest 
advocates among the citizens of Danvers : they will be among the last to 
abandon it. 

Mr. President : — It is with reluctance that I arise to respond to the 
sentiment just given ; not that I am not satisfied of its truth, but be- 
cause I feel confident that I shall not be able to do justice to the subject. 
It is not an easy task, especially for one unaccustomed to public speak- 
ing, in an after-dinner speech adequately to portray the labors and. 
sacrifices of the early friends of temperance. 

The evils intemperance is capable of inflicting on a community have' 
been so often and so ably described, that I shall be pardoned for noti 
touching upon that subject. And yet only those who have already 
passed the meridian of life know fully what it was and what it 
threatened to become in the earlier days of the temperance movement.. 
It is difficult for those not living at the time to conceive of the strong 
hold which the love of intoxicating drinks had taken upon the people 
indiscriminately. Though fashionable, how constant and how enormous 
in quantity was its consumption. 

Only such can duly appreciate the honors due, and the gratitude- 
which we ought to feel, for those who made the first successful effort 
to stem the torrent of evil which seemed destined to subvert and over- 
whelm the social fabric. 

As early as the year 1817, if my memory serves me, a society was 
organized in the town of Danvers, having for its object the suppression 
of intemperance and its kindred vices. For more than twenty years 
this society waged an uncompromising and almost single-handed 
combat against the giant evil. And may we not confidently assert that 
it is, under Providence, mainly owing to the action of this society, that 
Danvers, as regards temperance, is among the foremost if not the first 
town in the Commonwealth } 

Active in the organization of this society we find the names of Judge 
Holten, Rev. Messrs. Wadsworth, Walker and Chaplain, Dr. Torrey,, 
Elijah Upton, Fitch Poole, Eleazer Putnam, Caleb Oakes, Ebenezer 
Putnam, and Samuel Fowler. These were the early fathers of the 
society. Associated with them we find the names of younger men, but 
not less ardent fi'iends of the cause : such as Jesse Putnam, Andrew 
Nichols, Archelaus Putnam, Elias Putnam, Arthur Drinkwater, Rufus 
Choate, John Peabody, Alfred Putnam, John Porter, and many others,, 
some of whom, I rejoice to say, are now present, and others, although 
dead, yet speak to us by their influence and example, urging us to 
renewed efforts in the cause in which they so faithfully and so success- 
fully labored. 

23 V) 



ns 

It was no easy task in those early days of the temperance movement 
lo face the frowns of public opinion, to bear the scoffs and sneers of 
the thoughtless and the indifferent, and to pursue a course so diamet- 
rically opposite to the fashion and the prevailing custom of the com- 
munity in which they lived. It is this consideration that should 
especially entitle them to our warmest gratitude and thanks. 

It would be not a little creditable to these worthies, and to the town, 
if, when the true history of these events shall be written, it should 
appear that the Temperance Reformation, so called, which subsequently 
pervaded the whole length and breadth of the land with healing in its 
wings, at the time of the VVashingtonian movement, and which carried 
in its train joy and gladness to so many hitherto wretched homes, — 
should have had its origin in the efforts of these early advocates of the 
cause. However this may be, they can never be deprived of the 
honor of having organized in Danvers the first permajient society for 
the suppression of intemperance, that, so far as has come to my 
knowledge, ever existed. 

While we cherish the memory of these heroic and philanthropic 
men, let us be careful to imitate their example. Let us see to it that 
our efforts arc not wanting to sustain and uphold our present anti-liquor 
law, from which so much is anticipated by the friends of temperance 
in this and the neighboring states. Let us do this, and the blessings of 
those that are ready to perish shall come upon us. And at the next 
Centennial Celebration in Danvers, long after we shall have gone to 
our reward, our names shall be freshly remembered along with those 
who have preceded us in the warfare against one of the monster evils 
of the age, and in meliorating the condition of mankind. 



LETTERS. 

There were numerous letters received and read, from gentlemen 
who were unable to be present. 

A sentiment complimentary to Robert C. Winthrop was responded 
to by the reading of a letter, from which the following is an extract : — - 

" Danvers has just reason to be proud of her history. After more 
fhan a hundred years of honorable connection with the ancient Town 
of Salem, — the very Plymouth of Massachusetts Colony, where John- 
son and Saltonstall and Winthrop landed, and where Endicott lived, — 
It has now enjoyed another Century of distinguished independent ex- 
istence. 

The annals of the town, during the whole period, are replete with 
interesting incidents, and with the acts of patriotic men. As the birth- 
place of the lion-hearted Putnam, it would have no ordinary claim to 
the regard of us all. But Putnam seems only to have been a type of 
his towns-people, and the hills and plains of our Revolutionary struggle 
have borne frequent witness to the bravery of Danvers men. 

I cannot forget, too, that you have furnished excellent and eminent 
men to the ranks of civil life ; and it would have given me peculiar 
pleasure, on this occasion, to have borne testimony to the fidelity and 
patriotism of your late lamented Representative in Congress, the Hon. 



179 

Daniel P. King. But his memory, I am sure, is still fresh in all your 
hearts, and his fidelity and patriotism require no other testimony than 
that which he has abundantly impressed on the records of his public life. 
I regret, gentlemen, that imperative engagements will not allow me 
to be with you. I pray you to present my best respects to your fellow- 
citizens, and my best wishes for the continued prosperity and welfare 
of the town, and believe me, 

With great regard and respect. 

Your obliged friend and ob't serv't, 
Hon. R. S. Daniels. ROBERT C. WINTHROP. 

James H. Duncan, M. C, in a long and interesting letter, says : — 
" I am vividly reminded, while I write, of one, — your late esteemed 
fellow-citizen and representative, and my colleague, — who, had he 
lived, would have taken the liveliest interest in this celebration. For 
everything concerning the interests of his native town, county or state, 
was near his heart. He was removed to a higher sphere too soon for 
his country and his friends, but not until he had earned an lionorable 
and enduring reputation and an abiding-place in the hearts of his fel- 
low-citizens." 

The following toast was then drank in solemn silence, the whole 
company rising : 

The Memory of tJie Hon. Daniel P. King — His memory is still fresh in all 
our hearts, and his fidelity and patriotism require no other testimony than that 
which he has abundantly impressed on the records of his public life 

The following toast was then submitted : 

Tlie Clergy — In the annals of our town we have had bright examples of all 
that is profpund in learning, eminent in piety, and pure in the private relations 
of life — those who " allure to heaven and lead the way." 

Rev. Mr. Field, who was expected from Troy, New York, not being 
present, the following letter was read : — 

Troy, June 14, 1852. 

Genllemen: — It would afford me the greatest pleasure to attend, in 
compliance with your kind request, the approaching centennial cele- 
bration in Danvers. My duties here, however, will make it impossible 
for me to be with you on that occasion. That it will be an occasion of 
deep interest, I do not doubt. 

There are many events connected with the history of Danvers that 
will furnish themes pleasant and profitable to contemplate, — themes 
that will impart eloquence to the orator and inspiration to the poet, and 
awaken in the hearts of all who consider them, a love of liberty, of ed- 
ucation, and of religion. 

To myself, personally, Danvers must ever be a place of the most 
interesting associations. Having passed there many happy years, in 
duties that brought me near to the minds and hearts of many of its 
inhabitants, having been called so often to rejoice with them in their 
joys and to weep with them in their sorrows, memory must cease to 
perform its office when Danvers and its people shall fail to have a large 
place in my thoughts and affections. 



180 

Please accept my best wishes for the prosperity of the town of Dan- 
vers, in all its interests, and believe me, 

Gentlemen, sincerely and respectfully yours, 

THOMAS P. FIELD. 

The following letter was read from Hon. Rufus Choate, formerly 
of Danvei's : — 

Boston, May 26, 1852. 

Gentlemen : — I had the pleasure to find your letter, of the 20th, on 
my return yesterday from Washington. It would give me the truest 
pleasure, for many reasons, to be present at the proposed celebration, 
and to share in its instructions, its memories, and its hopes, — and I 
shall certainly be there, if the necessity of attending the Baltimore 
Convention, and the impossibility of doing so by reason of peremptory 
detention here, does not prevent me. I wish you all possible success 
in the services of the day, and a future for Danvers worthy of her his- 
tory, virtues, and energy. I am most truly. 

Your friend and fellow-townsman, 
Hon. R. S. Daniels. RUFUS CHOATE. 

Among the toasts was the following : — 

Our Representative in Congress — His eloquence has embalmed the memory 
of those of our citizens who fell at the Concord fight, and we fully appreciate 
the patriotic motives which induced him to tell in the Halls of Congress the 
story of their devotion to the cause of Liberty. 

In response to this, a long letter was read from Hon. Robert 
Rantoul, Jr., of which the following is the most material part : — 

" Danvers may well be proud of her history. She is one of a group 
of towns which have done as much for the liberties of the nation and 
the world as any other equal population on the continent. The self- 
sacrificing devotion with whi'ch, when the Boston Port Bill took effect 
in June, 1774, Salem sternly and inflexibly refused to profit by the 
reduction to slavery of others, is worthy to be remembered and imi- 
tated forever by that patriotic city, and by the whole North. Elbrldge 
Gerry, of Marblehead, a signer of the old Articles of Confederation. 
and of the Declaration of Independence, was the chairman of the 
.committee who reported the resolutions adopted April 30th, 1784, 
determining that the power to regulate commerce ought to be vested in 
the United States, — which resolutions were the germ of the present 
Constitution of the United States. It is but a small addition to the 
glory of such a man, that he afterwards served as Vice President under 
that system whose corner-stone he had laid. Nathan Dane, of Beverly, 
was chairman of the grand committee who, on the 21st of February, 
1787, reported the resolve calling the convention at Philadelphia to 
*' render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of govern- 
ment, and the preservation of the union." The same Nathan Dane 
was the author of that immortal ordinance which rescued from the 
withering curse of slavery the broad Northwest, — doing for the territory 
between the Ohio and the lakes, what Thomas Jeflferson had in vain 
attempted to do for the vast region now constituting Alabama, Missis- 
sippi, and the other southwestern states. 



181 

" These towns could boast not only the guiding mind in the decisive 
movements which I have mentioned, but their couiage to dare, and 
fortitude to suffer, in the great cause, were equally conspicuous. Bev- 
erly first flung to the ocean breezes the continental flag on board the 
schooner Hannah, and inaugurated those stripes and stars, which are 
the emblem of glory and victory — shall I say also of liberty — where- 
ever blow the winds or roll the waves. Manly, of Marblehead, held 
the first naval commission under the hand of George Washington, and 
the seal of the Union; and Mungford, of Marblehead, first poured out 
his willing soul with the death shout, " Don't give up the ship !" Dan- 
vers, Lynn, and Beverly, notwithstanding their great distance from the 
line of action, had about one-fourth part of all the killed and wounded 
in the hurry of the "Red-coats" from Concord to the shelter of their 
ships. The sons of Beverly were the farthest from the scene, of all 
who rushed to deliver in their testimony in the eventful trial of the 
19th of April, yet their full quota arrived and acted there ; and I have 
seen the garment rolled in blood of one of my townsmen who laid 
down his life in witness of his abhorrence of slavery. Danvers alone 
lost more men killed, on that bloody baptismal day of American 
Liberty, than any other town, after the first unprovoked, sudden and 
unresisted massacre at Lexington, at sunrise." 

Mr. Rantoul forwarded the subjoined sentiment: — 

The Freemen of the Towns of the Abr</i— May they, in their zeal for the 
preservation of the Union and the Constitution, never foget that the Union, to 
be preserved, should continue to be worth preserving, and the Constitu- 
tion A BOND OF Freedom. 

A toast complimentary to Mr. Webster was next given. The fol- 
lowing letter was read in response : — 

Washington, May 31, 1852. 

Gentlemen : — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your 
letter of the 20th of this month, inviting me, in behalf of the town of 
Danvers, to be present at a proposed centennial celebration of the sepa- 
ration of Danvers from Salem, on the 16th of June next. 

I am always gratified, gentlemen, with these public remembrances of 
distinguished epochs of the past. Our New England history is full of 
instruction, our fathers havijng left us a rich inheritance of evangelical 
religion, sound morals, and political freedom. We honor ourselves, 
whenever we honor them ; and their admirable example may well 
stimulate us to put forth new efforts for the promotion of civil and re- 
ligious liberty, the diffusion of knowledge, and the advancement of all 
the blessings and all the charities of social life. 

I regret, gentlemen, to be obliged to say, that my public duties will 
not allow me to be with you and your friends, at the proposed celebra- 
tion ; but I tender to you and to them my best regards and most sin- 
cere good wishes. DANIEL WEBSTER. 

R. S. Daniels, Esq., and others. 

Hon. James Savage, the President of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, wrote : 



182 

" My interest in your community has from early days been active in 
the search for causes of that greatest calamUy that ever befell New 
England, whereof the chief scene of distress was within your bounds, 
though sixty years before the separation from Salem. Some repara- 
tion by tardy justice has in a second, a third, or a fourth generation 
been exhibited ; but, gentlemen, your neighbors have not, in my opin- 
ion, found greater evidence in any other quarter of the earth of the 
sacredness of the truth, how much better is it to suffer injustice than to 
inflict it. Which of you had not rather be the martyr, George Bur- 
roughs, than Chief Justice Stoughton, whose diabolical delusion con- 
curred with that of the majority in giving sentence of death } 

But beyond the sad reminiscences of your doleful era, in which no 
other town of New England can compete with you in measure of mis- 
ery, I exult in your almost adequate superiority in the exhibition of the 
love of your country in the dark months and years prior to our national 
independence. Here all is joyous in recollection ; and Danvers is well 
deserving of the happiness she has enjoyed since our firmament has 
been blessed with the constitution of 1789, for near three times the 
length of that period preceding, when only tremendous tempest or 
threatening and malignant meteors seemed to usurp all the sky. 
I am, gentlemen, with highest regard. 

Your very obedient, 
Hon. R. S. Daniels and others. JAS. SAVAGE. 

The following toast was given : 

Edward Everett — A name always associated with profound learning, skilful 
diplomacy, and graceful oratory. 

Hon. Edward Everett, regretting his inability to be present, wrote : 
" It would afford me much pleasure to be present on an occasion of so 
much interest. The Municipal Organization of New England is one 
of the great elements of our prosperity ; and the annals of most of our 
towns are rich with traditions and collections which deserve to be 
handed down to posterity." 

The following toast was given by Edward Lander, Esq. : 

The Separation of Danvers and Salem — While the men are celebrating the 
dissolution of the Union, and the women go for Union to a man, we leave to 
fanatics the difficult solution of the problem. 

Letters were also received from Jared Sparks, President of Harvard 
University, Rev. Dr. Andrew Bigelow, of Boston, and other gentle- 
men, regretting their inability to attend. 

Mr. Fitch Poole then moved that the Committee of Arrangements 
call together the Town for the purpose of expressing its gratitude to 
Mr. Peabody for his generous gift, and it was so unanimously resolved, 
with thunders of applause. 

It was then voted to adjourn this meeting one hundred years. The 
festivities of the day were closed by a brilliant display of fireworks. 

The company at length adjourned, highly delighted with the entire 
proceedings of the day, which was literally and truly a great day for 
Danvers and all the country round. 



There were several poetical effusions prepared for the occasion. 
The songs were sung with fine effect by the Salem Glee Club, and 
elicited great applause. 

At the conclusion of Mr. Upham's speech, Fitch Poole, Esq., rose 
and said he had, within a few weeks, discovered a manuscript, which 
he had taken the pains to copy, and which he thought might be inter- 
esting to the company. Mr. Poole declined to read it himself, and del- 
egated Rev. F. P. Appleton, of Danvers, to promulgate it for him, 
which was done in a very acceptable manner. 

GILES COREY'S DREAM. 

A BALLAD OF 1692 



Giles Corey lay in Salem Qao!,— 

A Stubborn Wizzard he : 
Dame Corey slumbered by his side,— 

A guilty Witch was she. 

And as they lay, one Sunday morn, 

All in their place of Shame, 
Giles Corey had a troubled Dream, 

And told it to his Dame. 

" My Goodwife dear, I've dreamed a Dream, 

All through ye livelong Night, 
And coming Things were shewn to me 

In Vision clear and bright. 

I dreamed a Hundred Years were past, 

And Sixty more were gone, 
And then I stood a living JMan — 

Alas ! I stood alone ! 

I was among strange Phantoms there. 

No living Soul I knew. 
And you will hardly wonder, Dame. 

'Twas Eighteen Fifty Two." 

Quoth She, " Dear Giles, what did you see 

In that far distant Daye ? 
Your Dreaming I'houglils I long to heare, 

Come tell me now I pray." 

" My Dear Goodwyfe, I'll tell my Dream, 

If you will patient heare, 
How Specters strange did stare at me, 

And loudly laugh and jeerc. 

At length a Ghost of pleasant mien 

Did listen to my Story ; 
I sayde, I'm called a Wizzard Man, 

My Name is Goodman Corey. 

I told him I was doomed to Dye 

By Hanging or by Pressing; 
The mode— it all depended on 

My Silence or Confessing." 

" In Salem Village once," he sa3fde, 

" Such Deeds they did allowe ; 
That dark Delusion's had its Daye, 

And Men are wiser now. 

" You stand," sayde he, "upon ye Spot 

So sadly known to Fame; 
No longer is it Sateni called, 

But Dakvicrs is its Name." 



"Aha!" sayde I, ('twas in my Dream,) 

" I'll see this altered Place, 
I long at once to look upon 

This boasted wiser Race. 

I travelled North to Blind Hole Swamp,* 
The Fields vere bright and gay; 

From Skelton's Neck* to Brooksby's Vale,* 
I then pursued my Way. 

As on I roamed in eager Haste, 
With ardent Hope and wi.shfull, 

Too soon I founde my wandering Feet 
Quite in ye Devil's Dishfulle.* 

Here Goblins came, and I must own 
At first in Terrour bounde me ; 

I spake them fair and bade them come 
And gather quick arounde me. 

Full soon I saw that I had come 

Amongst a Race of Witches; 
For every Man I looked upon 

Was destitute of Breeches ! 

" Fye, O Fye," sayde Goody Corey, 
(And sharply spake ye Dame,) 

" That you should look upon them thus-— 
I blush for very Shame." 

" Pray heare me out, impatient Wyfe, 
For know — these Wizzard Coons^ 

Although they had no Breeches on, 
Were clothed with Pantaloons. 

And ah, how queer ye Women looked, 
'Twould waken your Compassion 

To see what awkward Cloathes they wore, 
So strangely cut of Fashion. 

I looked upon ye AntientMen — 

No toothless gums had they— 
Their aged Heads were never bald— 

Their Hair was seldom gray." 

Now Martha Corey spake aloud. 
With most indignant Frowne — 

" I don't believe a Word you saye 
About this Danvers Towne." 

Her Goodman sayde, with quiet Tone, 

(A pleasant Speech had he,) 
" Remember, Dame, I dreamed of this, 

It thus appeared to me. 



* Well known localities in Danvers. 



184 



1 saw a i\Ian iiiill all liis Teelh, 

It took liiiii lint a Minute : 
He oped his Moulli and put them back— 

1 lliouglii jc deuce was in il ! 

A limping Man had lost a Leg. 

A woodfu one liad he ; 
To tell which Leg ye man had lost 

Was quite loo much for me. 

I saw a man cut off a Limb, 

The Surgeon's Knife all gory, 
But yet ye Patient (elt no I'aine" — 

•' 'TisFalse !'' — sayde Goody Corey. 

•' ''I'was in my Dreavi I saw it, Dame, 

I saw him take ye Stitches, 
And then I knew I'd fell among 

A Race of Real Witches. 

I mot a man who'd lost an Eye 

And chose to have another — 
He bought one at ye nearest Shop, 

Just like its living brother. 

I had a raging Tooth to draw, 

(To you 'twill seem a Fable,) 
I went to sleep — and then awoke 

And found il on ye Table." 

" I don't believe a word you saj'e," 
Sayde faithless Goody Corey — 

" Just show this Molar Tooth to me, 
And I'll believe your slory." 

Quoth Giles unto his Wyfe ag a 

" 'Tis thus to me it seems ; 
How often have I told you, Dame, 

'Twas in ye Land of Dreams. 

I looked upon this Wizzard Race 

With still increasing Wonder, 
They drew ye Lightning from ye Skies 

And bottled up ye Thunder. 

They carried News by Lightning Teams, 

Made Portraits with ye Sun, 
Used Cotton for their Gunpowder, 

To Charge ye sporting Gunn. 

A magic Substance they have founde, 

And some ingenious Lubber 
Makes everylhiiig (save Consciences) 

Of Palen'l India Rubber. 

To light their Homes with flaming Air 

The Elements they torture ; 
And hope to get — by taking Paines — 

Their Candle Light — from Water. 

I told them that to see the World 

I had a strong Desire — 
They took me off in Vapory Cloud 

And Chariott of Fire ! 

Full Forty Miles an Hour they go. 
By power of nought but Steam ; 

And Ships with Wheels go swift" — "'Tis 
False!" 
Sayde Goody with a Scream. 



Qdolh Giles, "Remember, my Good«y fc, 

'Tis a Prophetic glcnni — 
I do not speak my waking Thoughts, 

I only tell my Dream. 

I pondered on thest; Sorceries, 

And thougiil them Witchcraft Sinn?, 
Rut marvelled « hy, like Witchcraft n< w, 
'J'hey did not prick with Pinns. 

I saw these Wizzards gather round, 

To listen to a Tapping, 
In wide-mouthed Wonder swallow all 

The Witchery of Rapping. 

It was, (I own with humble Shame,) 

A Mj'stery to me, 
That Souls in Bliss should come to Earth 

To say their A, B, C. 

Oh, what a Miracle Sublime ! 

II shews the World's advance, 
When Spirits leave their bright abodes 

To make a Table dance '. 

To have this awful Myster}' solved 

Perhaps they may be able — 
The Faith that will a Mountain move 

Can doubtless move a Table. 

Amazed I saw how calm they vere 

With all this Spirit rising; 
They only called these Magic Arts 

A kind of Magnetizing. 

So none for Witchcraft met ye Falc 
Of Pharaoh's luckless Baker, 

Nor did they seek to drive or scourge 
A Baptist or a Quaker. 

I gat me quick to Gallows Hill, 

That fearful place to see, 
Where W^ilches are condemned to hang 

High on ye Gallows Tree. 

1 only saw two Shadowy Forms, 

Or Spectral Goblins rather ; 
One seemed like Him of Cloven Foot, 

The other — Cotton Mather. 

I thought to see ye Gibbett there, 

The Ladder mounted high, 
The Rope suspended from ye Beam, 

For those condemned to Dye. 

I marvelled much that there I founde 
The Sod was smooth and bare. 

No Mounds of freshly-shovelled Earth, 
No Grove of Locusts there. 

Amazed I stood and looked around, 
The Grass was living greene. 

Afar I saw jx deep blue Sea ; 
A City lay between. 

I went into a Dwelling House, — 

I ransacked every Room, 
I could not find a Spinning Wheel, 

Nor yet a Weaver's Loom. 



185 



They had no Snuflfers on ye Shelf; 

The Dressers, too, had flowne ; 
No Pevvier Plales, well scrubbed and neal, 

In Order brightly shone. 

No Settle by ye Kitchen Fire, 

No Sand upon ye Floor, 
And wlien I asked (or Tinder Box 

In Laughter they did roar. 

1 went into another House — 

The Fireplace was a Box; 
I looked within, and there 1 fouude 

The Fuel — only Ilncks ! 

And when I asked for Mug of Flip, 

No Logijerheads were seen. 
But in ye Place of Worship neare 

Were Loggerheads — I ween. 

I walked into this Meeting House 

Just as the Psalm was read ; 
The Parson liad no Surplice on. 

No Wig upon his Head. 

I saw no trace of Sounding Board, 
No Hour Glass had they there 

To prove ye Sermon two Hours long, 
And measure off ye Prayer. 

No Chorister with Tuning Fork, 

No Tythingman so grim, 
Not)ody in ^e Deacon Seal 

To Deacon off ye Hymn. 



But see — within that Sacred House, 
That Place for humble Prayer, 

Averted lookes, and bitter Scorn, 
And jarring Sounds are there ! 

Ah me ! to see ye stubborn Will, 

The cold and formal Dealing, 
The siern Repulse, ye Needless Pang, 

The lack of Christian Feeling! 

1 asked a Shade — Why is it thus, 
That Men, in Willul Blindnesse, 

Are pledged to Total Abstinence 
From Milk of Human Kindnesse ? 

1 turned away with saddened Thoughts. 

And pensive Feelings ledd. 
And sought ye Place where living Dust 

Soon mingles with ye Dead. 

I looked upon ye Hillocks greene — 
'I'he Winds -were sweeping o'er, 

And Ghostly Shadows flitted b^-e, 
Of Forms beheld before. 

Remembered names were sculptured there 

On many an Antient Stone ; 
And One 1 saw, well grown with Moss ; 

1 looked — It was My Own ! 

A sudden thrill came o'er me then, 

Soe fearful did it seeme, — 
I shuddered once, and then awoke. 

And now you have my Dream." 



A VISIT FROM PARSON PARRIS. 

Written for the Danvers Centennial Celebration, by Rev. J. W. Hanson, Author 
of the History of Danvers. 

' What a shame that Christian preacher* 
Should be no better teachers 
Thau to be so much deluded. 

Or so fond of human gore. 
As to follow vicious children 
Into conduct so bewildering. 
As to hang and scourge each other, 

As they did in that dark hour.' 

Then I thought of poor Tiluba, 
(Parson Parris' slave from Cuba.) 
Sarah Osborne, Mary Warren, 

Whose sad troubles we deplore ; 
Sarah Good, and uncle Proctor, 
Par>on Burroughs — learned doctor,— 
Oh, how fiendish thus to murder — 

Thank God ! the folly's o'er. 

How much more 1 should have spoken, 
I don't know, — my thoughts were broken. 
As I heard a heavy footstep 

Coming toward my study door. 
And the strangest apparition 
Flashed at once upon my vision, 
Saying — '1 am Parson Parris, 

Whose follies you deplore ! 



One cold night of chill December's, 
.^s I sat before the embers, — 
Chance had laid a book before me 

Full of slight historic lore ; — 
Well, it need not be a mystery, 
It was only a small history — 
Author's name I need not mention. 

Only this and nothing more. 

I was turning o'er the pictures. 
And 1 could not help my strictures 
On the blindness, and the folly 

Of those darksome days of yore, — 
And I came to that old mansion 
(It has had a late expansion) 
Where began the Salem Witchcraft, 

Which so sadly we deplore. 

' What a singular delusion ! 
What a state of wild confusion 
Must have filled our ancient Salem,— 

I am thankful it is o'er ; 
Parson Parris was a terror. 
The church was wrapped in error, 
And the people were all ignorant — 

May we have such curse no more! 

24 X 



186 



'1 have heard your lamentaiions, 
I confess, vviili liiile patience,' 
Quolh the slcni iiulignaiU spirit, 

' Of our gonil ol(J days of yore ; 
We were not w iihoiit our failings, 
Every ccnt'ry luis its ailin^s; — 
That our own was worse than this one, 

Is a statement I ignore.' 

' Worse than this one V was my answer, 
' Let me know then, if you can sir, 
Wiiat this learned j;cneration 

Ever does that 3'ou deplore ! 
Is not knowledge ever brightning? 
We've made slaves of steam and lightning, 
Taught the Sun to paint our portraits, 

And a thousand wonders more I' 

' All the more to blame then, are you, 
Wise and skdful tints ; how dare you 
iLooking back two centuries, utter 

Such a reckless slander more 1^ 
tff with all your great advances, 
'You liave misimproved your chances, 
And still cherish greater follies, 
■ifere's 'the tiling you should deplore !' 

■' Never mind your generalities,' 
'Quoth I, ' let us hear the qualities 
Thai our wondrous age possesses, 

Worse than that dark age of yore ; — 
What have we that looks so sadly. 
That disgraces us so badly 
As the Witchcralt did old Salem, 
And will do, evermore V 

Here the parson fixed his wig on, 
— I assure you 'twas a big one — 
And his bands he smoothed with unction, 

And surveyed me o'er and o'er j 
And lool^ing more complacently, 
Nay — he smiled at me quite pleasantly, 
More so than I (!vcr heard of 

Any Spirit doing before. 

Said he, — ' We lived in Salem village 
By our pasturage and tillage, 
A quiet, humble people 
As our country ever bore; 



To great wisdom no pretentions 
Did we make, — all your inventions, 
All your progress, light, and knowledge,— 
We had heard of no such lore. 

'Then came that awful mystery, 
(You have it in your history,) 
Such an one as never met us 

In our lives or thoughts before j 
We supposed it was the Devil, 
The Arch-audior of all evil. 
And we did the best we knew of 

With the evil you deplore. 

' But ijour ' wondrous Age,' you style if— 
Has great evils which defile it. 
Which, allowing (or ^our progress, 

Should disgrace you evermore; 
And of all thuigs that are shocking, 
I declare, that Spirit Knocking 
Which of late began at Rochester, 

Is worse than all before. 

' Chiefest humbug — greatest foil}'— 
Nonsense vain — most melancholy — 
Surely we shall not be laughed at, 

No, nor pitied any more, — 
For the future, men shall call the 
Spirit-rappings, the ^ Great Folly,' 
Greatest, until comes another, 

Worse than all that went before.' 

Here the Parson clapped his hat on, 
Thrust aside the chair he sat on. 
And with all his old importance 

Passed right through my study door, 
And I heard his cane go lapping, 
And his heavy footsteps rapping, 
As he took his quick departure. 

And I saw of him no more. 

But I deeply meditated 

On the truths ihe Parson stated, 

And I formed this resolution — 

(I'll depart from it no more ;) 
Not to blame our Salem grandmas. 
Till n7irselves have worliner manners,— 
Till ive banish our own witcltes. 

Worse than any were of rjore. 



SONG. 



BY DR. ANDREW NICHOLS. 

Tone — Yankee Doodle. 



A hundred years ago or more. 
When we were part of Salem, 

'Our people grew uneasy quite, 
And what d'ye think did ail 'em? 

They fretted 'cause they taxed 'em so. 
And said 'twas downright pillage 

For merchant-folks and sailor-men 
To persecute the Willage. 

And so they sent to Gineral Court 
A large and grave Committee, 

And Gineral Court did bow to them 
And look with grace and pity. 



lie passed for ihcm the Severance Act, 
And gave the nami! of Danvers, 

In honor of some titled man 

Whose sires were born in Anvers. 

So Danvers stood a lusty youth. 
And tough to stand the weather. 

He made the Danvers China Ware, 
And tanned liis up^er leather. 

He also planted onion beds. 

To magnify his riches, 
And raised the best of grafted fruit, 

And handsome, bright-eyed witches. 



187 



Ilis household, too, has multiplied 
A thousand for each hundred, 

And he has pained prosperity, 
At which the world has wondered. 

But where is mother Salem now ? 

— 'Tis painful to consider — 
She cannot have a Select-Man, 

And so she's left a VViddcr ! 

Then wedded were the parishes. 
That now have spent toojelher 

One hundred years of fair and foul, 
Calm, windy, stormy weather. 



There's sometlmcsbeen between them strife, 
'Bout which shculd wear the lirceches. 

Which should be Husband, wiru h the Wife, 
And how to share ilieir riches. 

Yet in all patriotic acts. 

And noble underlakincjs, 
Shoulder to shoulder they have moved, 

Dismissing all heart achings. 

We've now in gaj', good humor come 

To celebrate our union, 
And talk of all we've said and done 

And suffered in communion. 



SONG. A HUNDRED YEARS. 

BY EDWIN JOCELYN. 

Tune—" Dearest Mae." 



A Hundred Years ! A Hundred Years ! 

All through its dusky track 
How dim the shadowy past appears, 

When peers the vision back. 
A Hundred Years ! Up to that hour, 

Old Salem's child were we. 
In leading strings were cramp'd our pow'rs, 
Pinn'd to our Mother's knee. 
Old Mother Salem ! no time our love 

impairs — 
A child most dutiful we've been and 
honor your grey hours. 

A Cent'ry past we came of age — 

From thraldom broke away ; 
To celebrate it, now engage — 

Our Independknt Day. 
Though independent, we have cared 

With tender, filial heart. 
That our old mother ever shared 

Of all we had, a part. 

Old Mother Salem, &c. 

The blessed good things of the land 
To furnish her we've striv'n — 

Most always bow'd to her command. 
Though sauce we've sometimes given. 

We've furnished her with meat and fruit. 
With water and with fuel ; — 

Her whims have always tried to suit- 
Brought meal to make her gruel. 
Old Mother Salem, &c. 

We've made her leather stout and tough. 
Much more than she could use j 

And sure to always do enough, 
Have made it into shoes. 

When conflagrations threaten'd her, 



We've run and quenched her fires ; 
In all her wants have been astir. 
And watched her least desires. 
Old fliother Salem, &c. 

When she would " c.ilculate right deep," 

We furnished her with head ; 
When faint at heart and prone to weep, 

With pluck her spirits led. 
Have brought her oft — delicious treat ! — 

(Now, Mother, " don't you cry,") 
The onion bulb, so sav'ry sweet, 

To roast, or boil, or fry. 
Old Mother Salem, &c. 

Our boys have gone to man her ships, 

And peril, oft, their lives ; 
Her boys, bewitch'd for cherry lips, 

Have stole oi^r gals for wives. 
But time would fail to tell of half 

We've done from j'ear to year — 
Some deeds that might provoke a laug 

And some might draw a tear. 
Old Mother Salem, &c. 

With " China Ware" — pots, pitchers, pans. 

Her closet shelves have filled, — 
And brought her milk in shining cans. 

And burnt her bricks to build. 
Now, though five scores of years ago, 

We just " cut loose" and free, 
A filial care we've tried to show, — 
Now, Mother, hav'nl we ? 

Old Mother Salem, ' no time our love 

impairs ; — 
A child most dutiful we've been, and 
honor your grey hairs. 



HYMN. 

BY KEV. J. W. HANSON. 

Tone — America. 



Thou who onr sires hast led 
Over old Ocean's bed. 

Thy guardian hand 
Did shield each exiled form 
In famine, plague, and storm, 
And give a shelter warm 

In this fair land. 



We bless Thy sacred name 
That e'en when War's red flame 

Did light the sky, 
They scorned to humbly yield, 
But won the tented field. 
And loud their clarions pealed 

For Liberty ! 



188 



For all (Iiey nobly wrouj^ht, 
FrcPftom of life anil thought, 

No power could lame — 
For Schools, the I'llgiims' pride, 
And Churches far and wide. 
And all their hands supplied, 

VVc bless Thy name ! 

And while our lives receive 
The rich gifts they did leave, 

Aided by '!'hce 
May we their virtues win. 
Their scorn of wrong and sin. 
And seek without — within, 

Truth— Liberty. 



God of Eicrnit}' ! 
Tho' every Century 

To thee appears 
A moment's transient gleam, — 
'I'o our brief lives doth seem 
How wide and deep the stream 

Of rolling years. 

On this Centennial Day 

We come, our prayers to pay. 

Great God, to Thee ! 
May we Thy holy name 
Adore — exalt — proclaim — 
Then shall our Country's fame 

Immortal be. 



A SONG FOR OUR FATHERS. 

BY EDWIN JOCELYN. 

Air — " A Song for our Banner.''^ 
Their mem'ry 



A Song for our Fathers ! 
awakes 

In our bosoms a thrilling emotion ; 
Each pulse of the heart of Iheir virtue par- 
takes. 
When we think of their steadfast devo- 
tion ; 
From the Truth c( their God, from the Love 
of their Land, 
The iron of their souls never 3'iclded ; — 
They were pure in the heart, they were strong 
in the hand 
When the pray'r or the swordblade they 
wielded. 

A Song for our Fathers ! Though green are 
our fields. 
Where the rough and cold soil they first 
parted, — 



Though pleasures and lux'ries the land to us 
yields, 

'Tis the fruit of the stout and true-hearted. 
Whatever adorns, whatever gives ease 

Or comfort, their industry planted ; 
O then, by their children, 'mid llie blessings 
of these. 
Be their praises with gratitude chanted. 

A Song for our Fathers ! The}' sleep their 
long rest. 

While we on the Past now are dwelling ; 
Its pages their virtues ever newly attest, — 

With birih-pridc our bosoms are swelling. 
May that union of failh, of patriot love. 

Of enduring, unshrinking endeavor 
Wliich upheld ihem below, and which point- 
ed above, 

Rule the hearts of their children forever. 



PROCEEDINGS AT THE SCHOOL PAVILION. 

The arrangements for the Public Schools were made and carried out 
under the direction of the following gentlemen : — 

Wm. H. Little, Thomas Hinkley, 

Amos Merrill, Aaron C. Proctor, 

E. B. Hinkley, Henry Fowler. 

Wm. L. Weston, 
The procession of schools, constituting a most beautiful spectacle, 
proceeded to the Crowningshield estate, near Buxton's Hill. Here a 
spacious " tent" had been erected for their special accommodation, and 
tables, bountifully loaded, afforded a pleasing reception to the fatigued 
and exhausted pupils. The sight within, the tent, after the procession 
had entered, was truly imposing and gratifying. The assembly of 
about 1500 of the youth of Danvers, all neatly and appropriately attired, 
was in itself a very attractive sight, and it was most pleasing to the 
spectators, and highly creditable to the pupils and teachers that the 



189 

deportment of all was truly exemplary and commendable. No rude- 
ness and no impropriety were observable, but order and decorum prO' 
vailed throughout the tent. 

WM. R. PUTNAM, Esq., a member of the School Committee, 
presided within the tent, and after the physical wants of the pupils had 
become supplied, the intellectual received attention. After a few ap- 
propriate remarks, Mr. Putnam introduced CHARLES NORTHEND, 
Esq., the newly appointed Town Superintendent of Schools, and J. D. 
PHILBRICK, Esq., Principal of the Quincy School, Boston, who made 
very eloquent and interesting addresses to the pupils. They spoke at 
some length, and were listened to with earnest attention and interest. 
It is a source of regret that a copy of their excellent remarks cannot 
be obtained for insertion here, as we are confident they would be per- 
used with much interest. 

The following sentiments were offered and read by Mr. AUGUSTUS 
MUDGE, a member of the School Committee. 

May we never be late when the first performance or the last is served up. 

The Female Teachers of Danvers — No separatists, yet fearful agitators to 
the minds of men, and swift incendiaries to their hearts. 

The President of this School Festival — Like his fearless namesake, invin- 
cible in every enterprise. 

Salem and Danvers — Mother and daughter ; mutually proud of their relation- 
ship. 

The Prudential Committees of Danvers — Fathers of all the little ones, may 
they not themselves be little in their olRce, but may they be large of heart and 
liberal of hand in dispensing blessings to the flocks under them. 

Our High Schools — Their true position, as to-day, in the front ranks. 

The Church and the School — The former prepared our ancestors for estab- 
lishing civil and religious liberties ; may the latter lead our children to per- 
petuate them. 

The day we celebrate — May its history form a bright page in the celebra- 
tion of June 16th, 1952. 

To the third sentiment, WM. R. PUTNAM, Esq., briefly and appro- 
priately replied as follows : — 

Children of the Public Schools of Danvers : Our lesson to-day is 
history, — not the general history of the world, but the particular history 
of our own town. Whether we contemplate the character of its earli- 
est settlers, the active part which its inhabitants took in achieving our 
national independence, or its continued prosperitj'', we find much that 
is worthy of our attention and admiration. 

The scenes and representations which we have this day witnessed 
seem to give to past times and events a presence and reality as though 
they were in fact our own. 

This is your historical schoolhouse, — not indeed furnished, like your 
common school rooms, with blackboards, upon which to write the les- 
sons of the day. But we would engrave the events of this celebration, 
in ineffaceable lines, upon the inmost tablets of your memories, so that 
in your future years you may not only recall them with pleasure, but 
also transmit them to other generations. May you be laudably stimu- 
lated, by what you have to-day witnessed, so to act the part you may 
take in the events of the coming century that it shall contribute to the 
attractive points of the next centennial. 



190 

And now, in behalf of my associates, the members of the School 
Committee, I would tender sincere thanks to the instructors of our 
schools for the noble efforts they have made to contribute to the inter- 
est of this occasion, and to the pupils of the several schools for the 
commendable cheerfulness and propriety with which they have this 
day performed their parts. May each and all return to your respective 
spheres of labor with new zeal, bright hopes, strong determination, — 
and though you may not be present at the recurrence of this festival in 
1952, may you be nobly and honorably represented by the works 
which will live after you have passed away. 

Owing to the oppressive heat of the day, the tediousness of the 
marching, and the crowded state of the tent, it was thought prudent to 
abridge the exercises of the schools ; otherwise we should be able to 
report many other interesting addresses. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THB » 

TOWN OF DANVERS, 

IN RELATION TO 

THE DONATION OF GEORGE PEABODY, ESQ., 

OF LONDON. 



Agreeably to the vote adopted at the table, on the day of the Cen- 
tennial Celebration, the Committee of Arrangements called a meeting 
of the citizens of the town, by legal notice, to act upon the Communi- 
cation of Mr. Peabody,* the proceedings of which meeting, certified by 
the Clerk of the town, are here presented. 

At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of the Town of Danvers, quali- 
fied to vote in town affairs, holden at Union Hall, in the South Par- 
ish in said town, on Monday, the twenty-eighth day of June, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two. 

On motion made by John W. Proctor, it was 

Voted, That the Centennial Committee be authorized and instructed 
to cause such a publication of the papers and transactions connected 
with the Centennial Celebration, as, in their judgment, the interest and 
credit of the town demands, and a copy thereof to be furnished to each 
family in town. 

The original communication from George Peabody, Esq., was read 
by the Moderator ; and afterwards. Dr. Andrew Nichols read the reso- 
lutions which had been prepared, and submitted the same to the town. 
On motion made, it was 

Voted unanimously, That the whole of said resolves, which have 
been submitted by Dr. Nichols, and separately acted upon, be adopted 
by the town. 

Resolves, as submitted ly Dr. Andrew Nichols, and adopted ly the 

Toij^n. 

Resolved, That we, the legal voters of the town of Danvers, in legal 
meeting assembled, accept, with deep emotions of gratitude, the mu- 
nificent gift of George Peabody, Esq., of London, of Twentt 
Thousand Dollars, for the promotion of knowledge and morality 
among us ; and we, with due sense of its importance, to ourselves and 
to those who are to succeed us, accept the offered trust, and bind our- 
selves to faithfully, ardently and constantly endeavor to fulfil the wishes 

* See page HI. 



192 

and accom[)lish the noble purpose of the generous donor, and to enjoin 
on our successors a like performance of the same sacred duty. 

Resolved, That we now proceed to the choice of a committee of 
twelve persons to receive and have in charge the said donation, for the 
purpose of establishing a Lyceum for the delivery of Lectures, upon 
such subjects, exclusive of sectarian theology and parly politics, as may 
be designated by a committee of the town, free to all the inhabitants, 
under such rules as said committee may, from time to time, enact ; 
and to establish a Library, which shall also be free to the inhabitants, 
under the direction of the committee. 

Resolved, That the members of said committee shall exercise all the 
authority and perform all the duties contemplated by the donor ; and 
shall hold office by the following tenure, viz. : — Two of the twelve 
shall hold the office until the annual meeting in 1858 ; two until 1857 ; 
two until 1856 ; two until 1855 ; two until 1854 ; two until 1853 ; or, 
in all cases, until others be chosen and accept the trust in their stead. 
And it shall be the duty of said committee, as soon as may be after 
their organization, to determine, either by agreement or by lot, who of 
this number shall hold the office for the several times named, and com- 
municate the same to the clerk of the town, whose duty it shall be to 
enter the same on the records. And it shall be the duty of the select- 
men to order, in every warrant for the annual town meeting hereafter, 
the inhabitants to choose or give in their votes for two persons, to be- 
come members of said committee, for the term of six years, in the 
place of those whose term of office at that time expires ; and to fill all 
vacancies caused by death, resignation, or removal from the town. 

Resolved, That the aforesaid Committee of Trustees appoint annu- 
ally, from the citizens of the town at large, another committee, who 
shall select books for the library — designate the subjects for lectures — 
procure lecturers — enact rules and regulations, both in regard to the 
lectures and the library, and perform all such other duties as the com- 
mittee shall assign to them ; and they shall make a full report of their 
doings to the Trustees, semiannually, viz., on or before the second 
Mondays in February and August. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Trustees be also required to make 
a full report of their own doings, and the doings of the committee by 
them appointed, at the annual town meeting previous to the choice of 
members of said committee, above provided for. 

Resolved, That it shall be the duty of said committee to correspond 
with the benevolent donor while he lives, and, in all their doings, pay 
all due regard to his expressed wishes. 

On motion made by A. A. Abbott, Esq., it was 

Voted, That the Institution, esfablished by this donation, be called 
and known as the PEABODY INSTITUTE, and that this name be 
inscribed, in legible characters, upon the front of the building to be 
erected, that, in future years, our children may be reminded of their 
fathers' benefactor, and that strangers may read the name of him, of 
whom Danvers will always be proud to claim as her son. 

On motion of Mr. Fitch Poole, it was 

Voted, That our venerable and respected fellow-citizen, Capt. Syl- 
vester Proctor, be invited in behalf of the town, and in accordance 



193 

with the special request of his early and constant friend, Mr. Peabody, 
to assist in laying the corner stone of the proposed edifice. 

On motion made by the same gentleman, it was 

Voted unanimously, That the Board of Trustees, chosen this day, 
forward a certified copy of the proceedings of this meeting to Mr. Pea- 
body. 

On motion made by William H. Little, it was 

Voted unanimously, That all the communications received from 
George Peabody, Esq., of London, be recorded. 

The following gentlemen were elected Trustees by ballot : — 



1. R. S. Daniels, 

2. E. W. Upton, 

3. S. P. Fowler, 

4. Joseph Osgood, 
/>. Miles Osborn, 
6. Eben King, 



7. Francis Baker, 

8. Eben Sutton, 

9. W. L. Weston, 
10. Joseph Poor, 
IL A. F. Clark, 
12. Joseph S. Black. 



True Extracts from the Town Records. Attest, 

. Joseph Shed, Town Clerk 



GEORGE PEABODY 



In closing their account of the very interesting Centennial Festival' 
of June last, the Committee feel that they cannot pcrformi a more 
pleasing duty, and, at the same time, confer more gratification upon 
their fellow-citizens, than by presenting some particulars in the history 
of their townsman, whose timely and munifi^cent donation, thus grace- 
fully bestowed, added so much to " the pleasure of the occasion." 

In the performance of this duty, they are aware of its extreme del- 
icacy, and, that in the endeavor to gratify an intense and laudable 
curiosity on the part of their fellow-citizens, and to hold up to our 
youth, an example of nobleness and worth for their imitation, they may, 
unwittingly, trespass on private feelings. On the other hand, our gen- 
erous benefactor has arrived at such an eminence in the commercial 
world, and his name is so widely known in both hemispheres, that his 
history has become, in a measure, public property. The Committee 
can only say, that they will use their best discretion in the use of their 
materials, and present such facts only as are known to be authentic. 

Our fellow-citizen, George Peabody, now a resident of London, was 
born in the South Parish, in Danvers, February 18th, 1795.* At the 

* Nehemiah Cleaveland, Esq., in his excellent Address at the Topsfield Bi- 
centennial Celebration, deriving his information mainly from C. M. Endicott. 
Esq., of Salem, thus speaks of the origin of the Peabody family in America : 

" For a very early period in the history of this town, the Peabody name has 
been identified with it. Thanks to the spirit of family pride or of antiquarian^ 
curiosity, great pains have recently been taken to dig out the roots- and follow 
out the branches of the old Peabody tree. Old, it may well be called, since it 
has already attained to a growth of nearly two thousand years,- Boadie, it: 
85 y 



194 

early age of eleven years, (May 4th, 1807,) he was placed in the gro- 
cery store of Capt. Sylvester Proctor, where he remained about four 
vears, receiving from Mr. Proctor and his excellent lady, (a sister 
of Rev. Daniel Poor, D. D., the devoted Missionary to Ceylon,) pa- 
rental kindness, and such instructions and precepts, as, " by endeavor- 
incT to practise which, in after-life," he remarks, " 1 attribute much of 
my success." 

In 1810, in the hope of a better situation, he left Capt. Proctor, 
but the embargo and expected war with England rendered the time 
most unpropitious for obtaining employment in any mercantile pursuit. 
That year, therefore, was principally spent in Thetford, Vt., with his 
maternal grand-parents. This was his only time of comparative leisure 
since his eleventh year. 

seems, was the primeval name. He was a gallant British chieftain, who came 
to the rescue of his queen, Boadicea, when ' bleeding from the Roman rods.' 
From the disastrous battle in which she lost her crown and life, he fled to the 
Cambrian mountains. There his posterity lived and became the terror of the 
lowlands. Thus it was that the term Pea, which means ' mountain,' was pre- 
fixed to BoADiE, which means ' man.' There was a Peabody, it seems, among 
the Knights of the Round Table, for the name was first registered, with due 
heraldic honors, by command of King Arthur himself. 

" At the period when the business transactions of this town begin to appear 
on record, Lieut. Francis Pabody (this was the orthography of the name at that 
period) was evidently the first man in the place for capacity and influence. 
He had emigrated from St. Albans, in Hertfordshire, England, about seventeen 
miles from London, in 1635, and settled at Topsfield, in 1657, where he re- 
mained until his death in 1698. His wife was a daughter of Reginald Foster, 
whose family, Mr. Endicott informs us, in his genealogy of the Peabodys, is 
honorably mentioned by Sir Walter Scott, in Marmion and the Lay. 

"Of this large family, three sons settled in Boxford, and two remained in 
Topsfield. From these five patriarchs have come, it is said, all the Peabodys 
in this country. Among those of this name who have devoted themselves to 
the sacred office, the Rev. Oliver Peabody, who died at Natick, almost a hun- 
dred years ago, is honorably distinguished. Those twin Peabodys, (now, alas ! 
no more,) William Bourne Oliver and Oliver William Bourne, twins not in age 
only but in genius and virtue, learning and piety, will long be remembered 
with admiration and regret. The Rev. David Peabody, of this town, who died 
while a Professor in Dartmouth College, deserves honorable mention. A kins- 
man of his, also of Topsfield, is at this moment laboring, a devoted missionary, 
in the ancient land of Cyrus. Rev. Andrew T. Peabody, of Portsmouth, and 
Rev. Ephraini Peabody, of Boston, are too well and favorably known to require 
that I should more than allude to them. Professor Silliman, of Yale College, 
is descended from a Peabody. 

" The Peabody name has abounded in brave and patriotic spirits. Many of 
them served in the French and the Revolutionary wars. One of them fell 
with Wolfe and Montcalm, on the plains of Abraham. Another assisted at the 
capture of Ticonderoga and of Louisberg, and in the siege of Boston. Another 
was among the most gallant of the combatants on Bunker Hill. Another com- 
manded a company in the Continental army, and sent his sons to the army aa 
fast as they became able. One more, Nathaniel Peabody, of Atkinson, N. H., 
commanded a regiment in the Revolutionary war, and subsequently represented 
his state in the Continental Congress. 

'' In Medicine and Law, the reputation of the name rests more, perhaps, on 
the quality than the number of practitioners. In Commerce, too, this family 
may boast of at least one eminent example — an architect of a princely fortune. 
I need not name him." 



195 

In April, 1811, he was received as a clerk in the dry-goods store of 
his eldest brother, David Peabody, of Newburyport, who had himself 
but just attained his majority, and was yet hardly established in busi- 
ness. A few weeks subsequently, his father was very suddenly re- 
moved by death ; and soon after, the great fire in Newburyport took 
place, by which his brother was a sufferer and failed in business, thus 
throwing the younger brother again out of employment. He now 
found himself, at the age of sixteen, suddenly and unexpectedly an 
orphan, without funds, without a situation, and without influential 
friends ; and the prospects of the times as gloomy as can well be im- 
agined. 

On the 4th of May, 1812, not finding employment, he left New 
England with his uncle. Gen. John Peabody, who had been unfortunate 
in business, and who was, at this time, in the most discouraging cir- 
cumstances. They sailed from Newburyport in the brig Fame, Capt. 
Davis, for Georgetown, D. C. 

John Peabody established himself in Georgetown, D. C, but owing 
to his pecuniary position, the business was conducted in the name of 
his nephew, and the management of it chiefly devolved on him. Here 
he remained about two years, faithfully and industriously performing 
those duties and services, for which he could have the prospect of little, 
if any, remuneration. 

About this time, it having occurred to him, that his name being used 
in the transaction of the business, he might be responsible for its lia- 
bilities when he should become of age, he freed himself from his en- 
gagements to his uncle, to whom his services were necessary ; but with 
many painful feelings, that his duty to himself compelled him to this 
course. 

Soon after this, and before he was nineteen years old, a wealthy 
merchant (Mr. Elisha Riggs, now of New York) proposed receiving 
him as a partner in the dry-goods trade ; Mr. Riggs finding capital, 
and Mr. Peabody taking the entire management of the business. 

He was, at this time, (as will be recollected by those of us who saw 
him on his brief visits to his native town,) quite six feet in height, of 
manly form and proportions, and premature care and anxiety had given 
to his countenance the expression of maturer years. His partner, there- 
fore, after the writings of copartnership were drawn, was surprised to 
learn, that his contract had been made with a hoy. He was, however, 
kind enough to forgive the y«w/^, which had been so honestly confessed, 
and which Time would so quickly amend, and the connection proved a 
most fortunate one for both parties. 

The house of Riggs & Peabody was removed to Baltimore in 1815, 
and other houses were established in Philadelphia and New York in 
1822, the partnership continuing in terms of five years each, for fifteen 
years ; several other individuals occupying, successively, subordinate 
situations in the firm. 

In 1829, Mr. Elisha Riggs retired from the firm, and his nephew, 
Mr. Samuel Riggs, was admitted, by which Mr. Peabody became sen- 
ior partner, and the house became Peabody, Riggs & Co. 

During the preceding fifteen years, Mr. Peabody's labors were ex- 
cessive. His annual collecting excursions, occupying usually six or 



196 

seven weeks, were performed on horseback, through the wildest regions 
of Maryland and Virginia, and in the most inclenient season of the 
vear. The burden of the extensive operations of the house rested 
principally on him ; and, from his earliest youth, the cares and per- 
plexities, the struggles and disappointments, which usually advance but 
with mature manhood, had been drawing forth and perfecting those 
peculiar traits of character, of which his childhood gave promise, and 
for which, as a man, he has been so highly distinguished. 

And here, might we invade the sanctuary of his early home, and 
the circle of his immediate connections, we could light around the 
youthful possessor of a few hundreds of dollars, — the avails of the most 
severe and untiring efforts, — a brighter halo, than his elegant hospitali- 
ties, his munificent donations, or his liberal public charities, now shed 
over the rich London Banker. 

We will venture to state, in general terms, that, before he was twenty 
years old, he had shared his limited means with his widowed mother 
and orphan brothers and sisters, and, at the age of twenty-four, he 
voluntarily charged himself with their entire support ; educating the 
latter, and fulfilling to them the part of the most indulgent parent. 
For their sakcs, he was willing to forego the attractive but expensive 
pleasures, which a city residence continually presented him, and cheer- 
fully practised any self-denial, that he might bring them forward to 
respectability and happiness. 

His first voyage to Europe was made in November, 1827, for the 
])urchase of goods ; the firm having for some tiiTie previous imported 
their'own supplies. During the next ten years, he crossed the Atlantic 
several times, and was entrusted with important financial negotiations, 
for the government of his adopted state. He embarked again for 
England, February 1, 1837, and has not since been in his native 
country. 

In July, 1843, he retired from the " firm of Peabody, E-iggs ds Co., 
New York and Baltimore," and established himself in London, where 
he has since continued, in a very extensive commercial and banking 
business. 

It has been asked, " What is the secret of his success .?" We answer, 
(in the language of one most conversant with his business life,) " He 
has entered into no giant speculations, nor, in general, have his gains 
been disproportionate ; but he has realized large profits from his legiti- 
mate and extensive commercial pursuits, and from investments in 
various stocks of the United States, when generally discredited by the 
public ; his entire confidence in the integrity of the defaulting states, 
and in the ultimate payment of their debts, never deserting him in the 
gloomiest period of their history." 

Having decided on a certain course, he has always been remarkable 
for the power of bending all his energies of mind and of body, to the one 
.object of pursuit. It was thus, when, at the age of sixteen, he entered 

■ on his chosen profession. He then laid down for himself certain rules, 

■ involving the principles of justice, integrity, good faith and punctuality, 
which he considered, not only as morally binding on himself, but, as 

.due to his fellow-men, and indispensable to his reputation as an hon- 
. arable merchant.'' 



197 

A strict and unwavering adiierenco to these principles in every ex- 
tremity, and the blessing of Providence on a course of patient, severe, 
unremitting and persevering industry, with habits of economy as regards 
himself, and of uncalculating liberality towards all, who have needed 
his assistance, constitute, we believe, the great secret, by which he has 
attained to the pecuniary and social position, which he now occupies. 

His habits of punctuality have been proverbial. lie recently stated 
to an intimate friend, that in all his business life, he had never failed to 
meet a pecuniary engagement. 

Far seeing in matters relating to his peculiar calling, of long expe- 
rience, and of acute observation, he has been able to judge correctly 
of causes and results, and, generally, to foresee alarming crises in 
season to prepare for them. In August, 1836, in conversation with the 
friend above alluded to, he remarked, " I am confident, that the rage 
for speculation, which has characterized the last two or three years, 
must produce disastrous results ; accordingly, I have written to my 
partners to keep everything snug, and, without reference to new sales 
or new profits, to get in outstanding debts, and be prepared for the 
emergency." 

How far his predictions were well founded, the dreadful panic of 
1837 soon proved. The consequence of this caution was, that he 
passed through that fiery ordeal unscathed, and had the satisfaction to 
aid many others to do the same. 

His exertions, however, have not always been crowned with equal 
success. In common with other commercial houses, he has sustained 
many severe losses, some of them doubly aggravating, being the result 
of treachery or ingratitude in those, in whom he had confided, or whom 
he had particularly obliged. 

From these losses, (says one,) although greatly sensitive to the first 
shock, he has arisen with an unprecedented elasticity of resolution, 
and has redoubled his efforts, until every deficiency has been made up. 

In the failure of American credit, he was deeply interested person- 
ally, and, with other Americans abroad, shared the mortification which 
was felt on account of that disastrous event. His position as an 
American and a merchant, in the metropolis of Great Britain, was at 
this period, a most trying one ; but, in the darkest hour of his country's 
adversity, he stood up manfully for her defence. His letters on " Re- 
pudiation," and his efforts to sustain, or to restore American credit 
abroad, constitute the brightest page in his history. For these eftbrts, 
he is justly entitled to the deepest gratitude of his countrymen, espe- 
cially those of his adopted state. Maryland has acknowledged her 
obligations to him in a public and graceful manner, as honorable to 
herself, as it must be grateful to the feelings of him, who felt so keenly 
for her pecuniary credit, and did so much to protect it. 

The business relations of Mr. Peabody are, at the present time, very 
extensive and complicated. He attends personally to all its most im- 
portant transactions, and to many of its details. We have been in- 
formed, that he devotes, on an average, fourteen hours out of every 
twenty-four to business. 

With all these demands upon his time, he is always ready with a 
warm greeting to his friends from this side of the Atlantic, and, by the 



198 

public and social assemblies of his countrymen, with invited British 
residents of distinction, he has done much to promote a kindly feeling 
between the two countries. 



The following extracts, from an account published in London, of 
the proceedings at the Parting Dinner given by Mr. Peabody, will be 
found interesting to his townsmen : — 

On the 27th of October, 1851, Mr. George Peabody, of London, 
gave a parting dinner, at the London Coffee House, to the American 
gentlemen connected with the Exhibition. The guests consisted of 
the Americans known to be in London, and also of many English 
gentlemen. 

The hall was appropriately and beautifully decorated, under the 
direction of Mr. Stevens and Mr. Somerby. Behind the chair, was 
placed Hayter's full length portrait of Her Majesty; on one side of 
which was Stuart's Washington, and on the other, Patten's portrait 
of H. R. H. Prince Albert, each the size of life. The national 
ensigns of Great Britain and the United States, appropriately united 
by a wreath of laurel, were draped about these paintings ; and pen- 
nants, kindly furnished by the Admiralty for the occasion, completed 
the effect. 

The chair was taken by Mr. Peabody, at 7 o'clock. Mr. Davis 
officiated as first Vice Chairman ; and the side tables were presided 
over by Mr. Stevens and Col. Lawrence, respectively, as second and 
third Vice Chairmen. 

The elegant and sumptuous dinner fully sustained the high reputation 
of Mr. Lovegrove's house. 

After the cloth was removed and grace said, Mr. Harker, the toast 
master, announced the Loving Cup* in the following words : — 

" The Right Honorable Earl of Granville, His Excellency the 
American Minister, His Excellency Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, The 
Hon. Robert Walker, The Governor of the Bank of England, Sir 
Joseph Paxton, Sir Charles Fox, and Gentlemen all, — Mr. Peabody 
drinks to you in a loving cup and bids you all a hearty welcome !" 

* The Loving Cup, Avhich went round the tables, Avas one which Mr. Pea- 
body had just received from a friend in America. Its form may be seen in 
the wood cut annexed. It is made of oak, from the homestead of Mr. Pea- 
body's ancestors, at Danvers, near Salem, Massachusetts. It is richly inlaid 
with silver, and bears the Family arms and the following inscription : "Francis 
Peabody, of Salem, to George Peabody, of London. 1851." 

[By the kindness of Col. Francis Peabody, of Salem, the Committee are 
enabled, at their solicitation, to obtain a representation of a massive Silver 
Loving Cup, which he received from Mr. Peabody in 1850, as a family as well 
as international memorial. It is highly wrought, having embossed figures in alto 
relievo on one side, and on the other, the inscription, "George Peabody, of 
London, to Francis Peabody, of Salem. 1850."] 



199 

The loving cup was then passed round in the usual manner, and due 
honor done to this ancient custom. 

The dessert having been served, Mr, Peabody rose and announced 
successively the three following toasts, each being prefaced by a neat 
and appropriate speech : — 

" The Queen, — God bless her !" 

" The President of the United States, — God bless him !" 

" The health of His Royal Highness Prince Albert, Albert 
Prince of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family.'" 

These toasts were received with the greatest enthusiasm, and with 
the customary honors, the band playing God Save the Queen and Hail 
Columbia. 

Appropriate and excellent speeches were made by Mr. F. P. Corbin, 
of Virginia, Mr. Abbott Lawrence, Earl Granville, Mr. Robert J. 
Walker, Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, Mr. Davis, Mr. Riddle, and Mr, 
Stansbury. 

Mr. Bates, of the house of Baring & Brothers, then toasted — 

" Mr. Thomas Hankey, Jr., the Governor of the Bank of England.'^ 

The Governor, on rising to reply, was loudly cheered, and concluded 
his speech as follows : — 

Allusion has been made to rival feelings, and may I not give a 
strong proof that none such exist in this city, excepting in that generous 
rivalry, which is the truest stimulus to exertion, when I remind you 
that the Gentleman who has done me the honor to propose my health, 
and who, I am sure, will allow me to call him my friend, is an Ameri- 
can, though standing at the head of one of the largest and most widely 
known English firms ? The house of Barings is known not only in 
Europe and America, but in every part of the globe ; and Mr. Bates, 
the present acting head of that well known and respected house, is, as 
I have before observed, an American. He alluded to my connection 
with America, a connection which I ever regard with feelings of the 
greatest satisfaction ; for I have been thereby thrown frequently into 
communication with Americans, and I have never received from them 
anything but friendship and kindness. 

I have twice visited, and travelled in, the United States. On the 
last occasion, in 1834, I met a gentleman on board the sailing packet 
with whom I made acquaintance, and whose acquaintance I have kept 
to this day ; that gentleman was Mr. Peabody, who has been kind 
enough to invite me to witness his reception of his countrymen in this 
truly hospitable manner. I am proud to consider him as a colleague 
and brother merchant of London : and I am not the less proud of it 
when I hear from the lips of so many of his own countrymen, as I 
have done on this day, that they consider his high and unimpeachable 
character, his abilities, his integrity and his industry, as great an orna- 
ment to their country, as we are glad to consider him to ours. Long 
may he enjoy the fruits of his well earned independence, and long 
may he continue equally respected on both sides of the Atlantic. 

The Governor sat down amid prolonged cheering. 

Lord Granville then rose again, and stated that he had obtained 
permission to say a few words more, and that he should make the 
opportunity available for proposing a toast, the propriety of which all 



200 

would recognize, and which lie was assured would bo welcomed with 
unequalled enthusiasm. His Lordship concluded a verj' truthful and 
graceful tribute to Mr. Pkabouy, by alludinfr to the prominent and 
distinguished part which that gentleman had taken in advancing the 
interests of the Exhibition, and to the still more prominent position 
which he had achieved for himself by his unwearied eflbrts to promote 
the happiness of Americans in this country, and to foster a kind and 
brotherly feeling between Englishmen and Americans. His Lordship 
also alluded particularly to the regret which he had experienced at 
having been unable to attend the superb fefn given by Mr. Peabody on 
the last anniversary of American Independence, and characterized that 
fete as marking an auspicious epoch in the history of international 
feeling as between England and America. In conclusion, he proposed 
" The health of Mr. Peabody." 

After the prolonged and reiterated cheering with which this senti- 
ment was received had subsided, Mr. Peabody rose and said : 

My Lord and Gentlemen, — I may most sincerely assure you, that 
my feeling, at the present moment, is one of profound humility. 
Gratifying as is this spontaneous expression of your approbation and 
regard, and grateful as I am to the noble Lord, and to you all, for your 
undeserved kindness, I feel sensible of my entire inability to convey to 
you, in suitable language, the acknowledgments which I would wish to 
make ; and I feel this humility and my inability the more strongly, 
after listening to the eloquent speeches which have been made this 
evening. 

Gentlemen, — I have lived a great many years in this country without 
weakening my attachment to my own land, but at the same time too 
long not to respect and honor the institutions and people of Great Brit- 
ain ; it has, therefore, been my constant desire, while showing such 
attentions as were in my power to my own countrymen, to promote, to 
the very utmost, kind and brotherly feelings between Englishmen and 
Americans. (Cheers.) 

The origin of this meeting was my desire to pay respect to those of 
my countrymen who had been connected with the Great Exhibition of 
1851, and to ])ay a parting tribute to their skill, ingenuity, and origi- 
nality, before their departure to the United States ; and I cannot but 
feel that I have been extremely fortunate in bringing together so large 
a number of our countrymen on the occasion. You will understand, 
also, that I feel extreme gratification at the presence of our kind- 
hearted Minister, and of those English Gentlemen whose social and 
official rank, no less than their connection either with our country, or 
with the Exhibition, renders them fitting representatives of national 
feeling, and entitles them to our respect, and to my most grateful ac- 
knowledgments. (Hear.) 

The importance of maintaining kindly feelings between the people 
of our respective countries, has been the principal theme of the elo- 
quent speeches which we have heard this evening, and particularly that 
of Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer ; but although, in some measure, a 
repetition of what has been so much better said by him, I cannot for- 



201 

bear making a few remarks on the same subject. There has recently 
been much excitement in America in reference to the maintenance of 
the Union of the States ; an excitement that has placed the Union on a 
firmer basis than ever. I have felt, that, important to us as is that bond 
of union, there is another, which is no less important to the whole civ- 
ilized world ; I refer to the moral and friendly union between Great 
Britain and the United States. (Loud cheers.) May both these unions 
still continue and gather strength with their gathering years. 

Gentlemen, — Many of you, whom I see here to-night, will soon be 
on the ocean, homeward bound, and there are many whom I may not 
again have the pleasure of meeting before their departure ; but if I do 
not meet you all again on this side of the Atlantic, I trust that I may 
do so at some future day on the other side. After such gratifying 
proofs of your friendly feeling towards me, I am persuaded that your 
kindness will induce you to give me in your native land a warmer, but 
not more sincere, welcome, than it has been in my power to give to 
you here. I conclude by again offering you my warmest thanks. 

This speech w^as received with inexpressible cordiality ; and at its 
close, the company rose and greeted Mr. Peabody with " three times 
three" cheers and " one more," with a heartiness not to be surpassed. 



The superb fete referred to in the speech of Lord Granville is thus 
described in the London Illustrated News, which has a fine engraving 
of the Hall at Al mack's, where the entertainment took place, with the 
decorations, &c. : — 

Grand Entertainment to the American Minister — A superb 
entertainment was given by Mr. George Peabody, the eminent Ameri- 
can merchant, to many hundreds of his countrymen and our own, at 
Willis's Rooms, " to meet the American Minister and Mrs. Lawrence," 
on Friday, July 4th, the anniversary of American Independence. 

Mr. Peabody selected this anniversary for this immense gathering of 
Englishmen and Americans, for the avowed purpose of showing that 
all hostile feeling in regard to the occurrences which it calls to mind 
has ceased to have any place in the breasts of the citizens of either of 
the two great Anglo-Saxon nations, and that there is no longer anything 
to prevent them from meeting together on that day, or on any other 
occasion, in perfect harmony and brotherhood. 

The superb suite of " Almack's" rooms gave ample space for the 
guests. The walls were richly festooned with white drapery, entwined 
by wreaths of flowers, interspersed at intervals with the flags of Eng- 
land and America blended and interchanged. 

At one end and the other of the spacious ball-room, were placed por- 
traits of Queen Victoria and the illustrious Washington, each canopied 
with the combined flags of the two countries ; and in various parts of 
the rooms were placed busts of her Majesty, the Prince Consort, Wash- 
ington, Franklin, and other distinguished persons of either country. 
The superb chandeliers were decorated with flowers to the number of 
26 z 



202 

many hundreds; and each lady was presented, on her entrance to the 
room, with a choice bouquet. 

The guests began to arrive about nine o'clock, and by half-past nine 
the seats appropriated for the auditory of the concert (with which the 
entertainment commenced) were entirely filled. Th8 concert itself 
was of a high order ; and when we name Catherine Hayes, Cruvelli, 
Lablache, and Gardoni as the performers, it is almost needless to add 
that it passed off most brilliantly. After the concert, the seats were 
removed, and the spacious ball-room was cleared for the dancers, who 
commenced dancing at about eleven o'clock. Up to this hour, the 
guests had continued to arrive. At about half-past eleven, the Duke of 
Wellington arrived, and was met in the reception-room by Mr. Pea- 
body, who conducted his Grace through the ball-room to the dais, 
where he was welcomed by the American Minister. The band played 
the accustomed recognition of " See, the Conquering Hero comes." 
But the enthusiasm did not reach its height, until " the Duke," with 
Mr. Peabody and the American Minister on either side of him, took his 
seat in the centre of the dais, and directly under the portrait of Wash- 
ington, when the assembly gave a prolonged burst of cheering. After 
this had subsided, dancing recommenced, and continued until a very 
late hour, interrupted only by the intervention of an elegant supper. 

The Duke of Wellington remained until past midnight ; and many 
other of the more distinguished visitors remained until the breaking uj) 
of the party. 

The whole of the ground-floor of Willis's Rooms was devoted to the 
arrangements for supper ; and these rooms, like those above, were 
decorated with flowers, flags, busts, and various other graceful and ar- 
tistic objects. 

It is but an act of justice to mention that the perfection of all the ar- 
rangements is attributable solely to Mr. Mitchell, of Old Bond Street ; 
that gentleman having received a carte blanche from Mr. Peabody, 
availed himself of such unrestricted license to furnish an entertainment 
so complete in its details and magnificent in its ensemble as rarely to 
have been equalled. 



We close this notice of our distinguished Townsman with an extract 
from the Boston Post, of Sept. 19, 1851, furnished to that paper by its 
intelligent correspondent in London : — 

It seems that two towns in Massachusetts contend for the honor of 
the nativity of George Peabody, the eminent London merchant. They 
may well do it. Danvers, with its old historic memories ; Salem, with 
its long line of distinguished men in the professions and in trade ; even 
Essex County itself, full of the kernel of personal merit and renown in 
her citizens for two hundred years, have occasion to boast no accidental 
honor that is greater than that of having produced a man whose real 
goodness and greatness of heart are surpassed only by the modesty of 
his manners and the instructive quiet of his private life. It is rare in 
our own country, that, without advantages of birth, or inheritance, or 
education, or public place, a simple minded, unobtrusive, straight 



203 

forward man, becomes, by the few means that commercial life gives, 
preeminent among his peers ; and it is rarer still, that in another coun- 
try, and that country famous for individual wealth, a man like this, 
among the merchant princes of that country's metropolis, should rise 
to distinction. When such a case dees occur, there is no reason why- 
it should be concealed. That man's character which is elevated by 
means of pure personal merit, becomes, by the strongest title, the 
property of the rising generation of his country, for their model and 
example. And such a man is Mr. George Peabody. 

Mr. Peabody has been a resident of London for many years. His 
business would be called that of banking in the United States ; but in 
Great Britain, where trade divides into more minute ramifications, and 
every branch of it is classified, he is called a merchant, as are also 
Baring Bros. & Co., the Rothschilds, and other distinguished houses. 
The difference' is simply that while these firms loan money, buy stocks, 
exchange, drafts, hold deposits, &c., they do not themselves pay out 
money, like the houses of Coates, and others, who are strictly bankers. 
You may always find him at his business during the hours devoted to 
it in London. He knows no such thing as relaxation from it. At 10^ 
o'clock, every morning, you may notice him coming out from the Club 
Chambers, wlicre he keeps bachelor's hall, taking a seat in the passing 
omnibus, and riding some three miles to his otHcc in Wanford Court, a 
dingy alley in Throgmorton Street ; and in that office, or near by, day 
after day, year in and out, you may be sure to find him, always cheer- 
ful, always busy, ft)llowing the apostolic direction to the very letter, 
" study to be quiet and do your own business." 

In personal appearance Mr. Peabody looks more a professional than 
a business man. He is some six feet tall, erect, with a florid com- 
plexion, and a fine bold forehead. He may be past fifty years in age, 
though his appearance does not indicate it. He is ready, intelligent 
in no ordinary degree, copious in power of expressing liis views, and 
truly sincere in everything which he does and says. In commercial 
phrase, he is preeminently a reliable man, showing neither to friends 
or enemies, under any circumstances, any phase of character which 
will not be found stable in every event. 

To his country, to her interests, her reputation, her honor and credit, 
it has been his pride ever to be true. A more thorough American, in 
heart, and soul, and sympathy, does not live. If he is known by any 
one characteristic above all others, it is this. While others have been 
flattered into lukewarmness towards our free institutions by the atten- 
tions of the aristocracy of the mother country, or, in the desire to gain 
the applause of the great, have acquiesced in those disparaging opin- 
ions which arc common towards the United States among the advocates 
of monarchy, Mr. Peabody has always stood firm. In the peril of 
credit to state bonds, his opinion, frankly expressed upon 'change, and 
as freely acted upon in his counting-room, was better than bullion in 
the treasury. In the negotiation of state loans, when American securi- 
ties were blown upon in the market, his aid became an endorsement 
indubitable in its security to the buyer. In the advancement of Amer- 
ican interest, his energy never flags. When our ocean steamers, now 
the pride of every sojourner from the states in Europe, needed encour- 



204 

agcment in their enterprise, his capital was ready for the emergency. 
Maryland, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Georgia, Delaware, each in its 
turn, was indebted to his sagacity. When the products of American 
industry, unprovided for by any congressional appropriation, were 
jeopardized for lack of funds to carry out the purposes of the contrib- 
utors, he was the one to step forward and advance the necessary loan. 
Perhaps in no former instance has Mr. Peabody's love of country been 
exhibited in stronger relief. Every other nation had made provision 
for the expenses of its contributors. While the first opinion of the 
English public placed the productions of the United States in the rear 
of all others, he had the foresight to perceive that time only was need- 
ed to do us justice. He furnished the money, counselled courage, 
urged energy, conciliated difficulties, and gave his whole influence 
towards what he assured all his countrymen would be the result. The 
event has proved that he was not mistaken, and to him more than to 
any other man out of the crystal palace is it due, that the honor of re- 
ceiving the GREAT MEDAL of the exhibition, not for mere handicraft, but 
for the only introduction of a new principle into the useful arts, has 
■fallen upon the United States. 

iFew men in London, whose attention has been exclusively devoted 
to commercial pursuits, have ever enjoyed a higher reputation than Mr. 
Peabody. No other man could have assembled on the Fourth of July, 
•with the stars and stripes decorating the hall, the aristocracy of Great 
Britain, to commemorate with Americans the birth-day of republican 
institutions. Honor to him who loves to honor his country ! It is his 
intention, ere long, to return to the United States and spend the rest of 
his life, When he does so, while he will leave behind him an unsullied 
reputation, better than gold, he will find in his own country a welcome 
which no common desert would gain. 



THE HALBARD OF LIEUT. FRANCIS PARODY. 

The committee have received from C. M. Endicott, Esq., of Salem, whose 
historical and antiquarian researches are already well known to the public, the 
following account of this interesting relic. It was communicated in reply to 
their application for a drawing of it for an engraving, and will be found to 
contain much curious information in relation to the rude instruments of war- 
fare used by our ancestors, and which are now wholly superseded by modern 
inventions. 

If space could be spared for the purpose, the committee would be glad to 
extract largely from the Account of the Peabody Family by the same hand, 
but can only refer the reader to the Genealogical Register of 1848 and 1849, 
where it may be found. From this account it appears, by authentic records, 
tiiat the name had its origin as far back as the time of Nero, in the Gist year 
of our era ! 

Fitch Poole, Esq., Salem, November 22, 1852. 

My Dear Sir, — I send you a drawing of the " halbard" once borne by Lieut- 
Francis Pabody, who emigrated from St. Albans, England, to this country, in 
1635, — the year in which so large a number of the friends of religious liberty, 
by a simultaneous movement, determined to seek a refuge from civil and ecclesi- 
astical oppression on the bleak and inhospitable shores of New England, how- 
ever ' fiercely the wide ocean might open its mouth to swallow them, or with 
what terrors the wintry wilderness might threaten them.' This movement re- 



205 

suited, oefore the close of that 3'ear, in the emigration of some three thousand 
persons, and among this great number ivas Francis Pabody of St. Albans, the 
first American ancestor of Geo. Peabody, now of London, the liberal benefactor 
to your town, and also of all others in America who spell the name in this man- 
ner. I have no doubt whatever of the authenticity of this ancient relic, having 
in the course of my labors in ' digging out the roots, and following out the 
branches of the old Peabody tree,' traced the possession of it, as an heirloom 
in the family, directly from Lieut. Francis down through the descendants of 
his fourth son Isaac to its present owner. Col. Francis Peabody, of this city.* 

Our ancestors, Avhen they left their native shores, brought away with them 
all such weapons as were in most general use in England at that period ; and 
among others was the halhard or halhert, which must have been a formidable 
instrument when wielded by a skilful hand. It was in common use in the ar- 
my during the reign of Charles 1st, and consisted of a staff about five feet long, 
with a steel head partly in the form of a crescent. The Avord, according to 
Vossius, is derived fiom the German hallebaert, signifying an axe. It is said to 
have been first introduced into Scotland by the Danes, and carried by them 
upon the left shoulder ; from whence it found its way into England, and finally 
into France during the reign of Louis 11th. The halbard, however, of the 
Danes was no doubt very different from the representation in the accompany- 
ing plate. From the period when first introduced by them to the time of Hen- 
ry 8th, and Louis 11th, it no doubt underwent many changes. The present 
crescent form is said to have been first introduced by Henry 2d of France, in 
compliment to Dianne of Poictiers, who chose the crescent for her device. 

In connection with the halbard it may not be amiss to speak of other imple- 
ments of war used during the 17th century. A foot soldier, at the time our 
ancestors left England, was equipped with a clumsy arquebuss, or match-lock mus- 
ket, supported on a forked staff, to enable him to point it at an enemy ; his body 
hung round with handiliers,or little cylindrical wooden boxes, covered with leath- 
er, each containing one charge of powder for a musket. Twelve of these were 
suspended to a belt worn over the left shoulder ; and at the bottom of the belt, 
at the right hip, were hung the bullet bag and priming box ; he was likewise 
encumbered with the match-line lighted at both ends ; and also begirt with a 
long sword. The sergeants of foot and artillery carried halbnrds. The mus- 
ket-rests, after being used for upAvards of a century in England, were finally 
laid aside during the civil wars which preceded the Protectorate. The long 
fowling-pieces, with '• bastard musket bore," of five and half feet length, were 
also used at that period, and were sent over to this country by the advice of 
Endicott, who was a military man, immediately upon his arrival here, as ap- 
pears by his letter to the company of 13th September, 1628. Pikes and half 
pikes were also used in this country at that time ; but the English long-bow 
does not appear to have been introduced here by our ancestors, although used 
in the artillery companies in England as late as 1643 ; and the exact time it 
was dispensed with cannot be accurately ascertained. 

The dress of a common soldier, in 1630, tionsisted o? Monmouth caps, stiff 
ruffs of Queen Elizabeth's time, called bands, — round-a-bout coats, reaching a 
httle below the hips, and small clothes, gartered at the knee, and fastened in 

* Lieut. Francis Pabody at his death left liis homestead, with all the goods and chattels 
it contained, to his fourth son Isaac, and among them was this halbard. Isaac's son Isaac 
inherited the same after him. 'J'he last Isaac never married, and at his death his eflfects 
were divided among; his brothers and sisters, and this halbard fell to his brother Matthew's 
portion. From Matthew it descended to his son John, and from John again to his son John ; 
from the latter it descended to his son Joel R. Peabody, of Topsfieid, of whom it was ob- 
tained by its present owner, who is also a descendant of Isaac. A wooden leg, said by 
tradition to have belonged to the first Isaac, was also handed down in the family ot Matthew 
with this halbard, until the generation preceding Joel, when by some means the leg was lost. 
This tradition I have since (bund to be confirmed by the following clause in his father's will : 
" And this 1 would have noted, that I have left the more to my son Isaak, in consideration of 
the providence of God disinabling him by the loss of one of his legs." 



206 

n large bow, or roset'i.o, on one side ; they also wore giiJlcs, which perforuied 
ihe office of our modern suspenders. Over this dress, in cold weather, was 
sometimes thrown a loose sack, lined with cotton, and called manrlilions, which 
covered the whole body, and was usually worn v/ithout sleeves. This {jar- 
tnent, mentioned among the articles to be sent over to New England l()th 
March, 1(521,), is thus described in the Hiatory of British Costume, p. 2()7 : 

" Thus pnl lie on his nniiing' truss, fair shoe^ upon his feet, 
Ahoin him a mandU'wrt, iliat did wiih bullous meet, 
Oi' purple, hirge and lull of folds, cuii'd "ith a waiinfui nup, 
A garnicnl ihal 'gainst cold in nigliis, did soldiers use to wrap." 

A kind of armor called corsldls, which consisted of back and breast pieces, — 
lasses for the thighs, — gorgets for the neck, — and head pieces were also used 
by our ancestors in New England in their first encounters with the Indians ; 
but such armor, in England, was almost exclusively worn by the cavalry. The 
musketeer scarcely wore any other armor than morians to defend the legs. 

The introduction and use of artificial weapons is a very curious and at- 
tractive study ; and were the subject in place here, which may be doubted, it 
would be impossible to do it justice in a short article like the present. Suffice 
it therefore to say, when first used they were supposed to be made of wood, 
and employed only against wild beasts. Arms of stone, and brass were next 
introduced, and these finally gave place to those of iron and steel. Btllus, the 
son of Nimrod, is {magined to have been the first to engage in wars with his 
kind, and used arms in battle ; hence the appellation bellum. Josephus informs 
us that the patriarch Joseph first taught the use of arms in the Egyptian armies. 
The success of the Romans, in making themselves masters of the Avorld, was 
supposed in a great measure to be owing to the superiority of their arms. 
When they first visited Britain the principal warlike weapons found among the 
aborigines were the dart, or javelin, — short spear with a ball at the end filled 
with brass, to the upper end of which was fixed a thong, that when used as a 
missile weapon it might be recovered and again used in a close encounter ;— 
long and broad swords without points, designed only for cutting, and were 
swung by a chain over the left shoulder, — occasionally a short dirk fixed in 
the girdle, — scythes, which were sometimes fastened to their chariot wheels. 
The Saxons, previously to their arrival in Britain, beside the buckler and dag- 
ger, used a sword bent in the form of a scythe, which their descendants soon 
changed for one that was long, straight and broad, double edged and pointed. 
Beside these the Saxon arms consisted of speara, axes and clubs. They fought 
with their swords and shields, similar to the Roman gladiators. Some altera- 
tion in the national arms of Great Britain took place on the arrival of the 
Danes ; they appear to have brought the battle axo into more general use. 
The arms of the Norman foot soldiery at the time of the conquest were a 
spear, or a bow and arrow, or a sling, with a sword. From this time to the 
reign of Edward 2nd, the military weapons were but little altered. About this 
time Ave date the introduction of the English cross-bow, which rendered that 
nation, in one instance, superior to all the world. A great revolution took 
place in military weapons upon the discovery of gunpowder. The exact time 
gunpowder and fire arms were first used in war by the British nation is diffi- 
cult to be discovered. Fire arms of a portable construction were certainly not 
invented till the beginning of the 16th century. In 1521 the musket mounted 
on a stock was used in the siege of Parma, and probably soon adopted in 
England. From this period to the time our ancestors left their native country, 
improvements in fire arms appear to have been very slow and gradual, and we 
have seen what clumsy instruments they were at that period. But it is time 
to close this very imperfect article. It is a common failing with all antiqua- 
rians to be both prolix and tedious, when they get a fair subject to operate upon. 
Hoping you will, however, exercise towards me a charity which endureth, 
I subscribe myself, yours, very truly, C. M. ENDICOTT. 



INDEX. 



Mr. Proctor's Address, _ . - 

Specification of topics discussed, - 
Danvers, a Poem, by Dr. Nichols, 

Apostrophe to Danvers, - - - 

Description of Danvers as it is, 
Danvers before its settlement by Europeans, 
The Pilgrims, their cause and motives, 

Their arrival and settlement, 
A sketch of our Puritan ancestors, 

Their occupations, &c.. 
Sketches of life in Danvers 100 years ago, 
The Eppes Family, ... 

Village Church, Worship, Pastor, and People, 
Raisings, .... 

Huskings, .... 

Spinning Bees, .... 
Biographical Sketches, ... 
Fathers of Danvers-port, ... 
George Peabody, of London, 
Daniel P. King, _ . - - 

Danvers next Century, ... 
Order of Arrangement of Procession, 
Order of Exercises at the Church, 
Remarks at the table, by Rev. M. P. Braman, 
" by his Excellency Gov. Boutwell, 
« by Mr. W. C. Endicott, of Salem, 
" by Hon. C. W. Upham, of Salem, 
" by Mr. A. Putnam, of Roxbury, 
" by Hon. J. G. Palfrey, of Cambridge, - 
" by Mr. A. A. Abbott, of Danvers, 
" by Mr. G. G. Smith, of Boston, 
Letter from George Peabody, Esq., of London, - 
Remarks by Mr. J. W. Proctor, 

" by Mr. P. R. South wick, of Boston, - 
" by Hon. Judge White, 
" by Hon. R. S. Daniels, 



- pages 4 to 57 


- 


58 


- 


59 


_ 


59 


- 


61 


- 


62 


. 


63 


- 


64 


_ 


65 


- 


69 


. 


72 


. 


73 


. 


76 


- 


78 


. 


79 


. 


80 


81 to 94 


. 


94 


- 


95 


. 


96 


- 


96 


97 to 112 


112 to 


114 


115 to 


119 


119 to 


121 


121 to 


124 


124 to 


126 


126 to 130 


130 to 


132 


132 to 136 


136 to 


140 


141 to 


143 


143 to 144 


144 to 146 


146 to 


148 


148 to 150 



208 



Remarks by Hon. A. Walker, of Boston, 
" by Rev. Mr. Thayer, of Beverly, 
" by Rev. Mr. Stone, of Providence, 
" by Mr. W. D. Northend, of Salem, 
" by Rev. C. C. Sewall, of Medfield, 
" by Rev. J. W. Putnam, of Middleborougli, 
" by Rev. J. B. Felt, of Boston, 
" by Mr. S. P. Fowler, of Danvers, 
" by Hon. L. Eaton, of South Reading, - 
" by JNIr. J. Webster, of New Market, - 
" by Rev. F. P. Appleton, of Danvers, - 
" by Dr. E. Hunt, of Danvers, 

Letter of Hon. R. C. Winthrop, 

" of Hon. J. H. Duncan, - - - 

" of Rev. T. P. Field, 

" of Hon. R. Choate, 

" of Hon. R. Rantoul, Jr., . - - 

" of Hon. Daniel Webster, 

" of Hon. James Savage, - - - 

" of Hon. Edward Everett, 

Giles Corey's Dream, _ - . - 

A Visit from Parson Parris, ... 

Original Songs and Hymns, . _ - 

Exercises at the School Pavilion, 

Action of the Town on the Peabody Donation, - 

Notice of Mr. Peabody, _ . . 

Halbard of Lieut. Francis Pabody, 



pages 150 
151 
154 
IGO 
161 
1G5 
167 
171 

173 

176 
177 

178 

179 

180 



183 

185 
186 
188 
191 
193 
204 



to 151 

to 154 

to 159 

to 161 

to 164 

to 167 

to 171 

to 172 

172 

to 176 

to 177 

to 178 

to 179 

179 

to 180 

180 

to 181 

181 

182 

182 

to 185 

to 18G 

to 188 

to 190 

to 192 

to 204 

to 206 



PUBLIC UBRARY 

^8TO«, LENOX AND 



PROCEEDINGS 



RECEPTION AND DINNER 



IN HONOR OF 



GEORGE PEABODY, ESQ., OF LONDON, 



BY THE CITIZENS OF 



THE OLD TOWN OF DANVERS, 



OCTOBER 9, 1856. 



TO WHICH IS APPENDED AN 

pistorical Sluttlj d % ^eatog Institute, 



WITH THE 



EXERCISES AT THE LAYING OE THE CORNER-STONE 
AND AT THE DEDICATION. 



PlTBLISaED BY ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE OP AREANGEMENT3. 



/ 




BOSTON: 

HENRY W. DUTTON & SON, PRINTERS, 
Nos. .3.*? & 35 Congress Street. 

1856. 

^:. 



PREFACE. 



The remarkable degree of success attending the efforts of the people 
of the Old Town of Danvers to give suitable expression of their grati- 
tude to their eminent townsman, and the interest manifested at the 
time and since in the proceedings of that occasion, by the public at 
large, seemed to render it proper that the events of the Reception 
should have a more enduring record than the newspapers of the 
day. The Committee to whom was entrusted the arrangements for the 
ovation, therefore appointed a Sub-Committee to attend to this publica- 
tion, desiring to have it placed in the hands of our citizens at the 
earliest possible time consistent with a correct record of the transactions 
of the day. 

In preparing this volume for the press, the Compiler has felt the 
want of sufficient time to collect anc^arrange his materials in order to 
present the work to the public in a suitable form. 

Much of the material came late into his hands, and many of the 
details were furnished by different persons, having different modes of 
presenting the same kind of information, so that he has found it impos- 
sible to present the more descriptive parts with that uniformity which 
would have been desirable. Rather than delay the publication of the 
work, he has preferred to adopt the narrative of events, with but slight 
changes from the form and language in which they were presented to 
him. 

The proceedings at the Institute and at the banquet, which, after all, 
gave the most extended importance to the Festival, are correctly nar- 
rated, and most of the speeches have been revised by their authors. 



IV 

The Compiler confesses himself indebted to many of our citizens 
for materials and other aid for different parts of the work. Among 
others, to Messrs. Samuel Preston, Amos Merrill, James D. Black, and 
Augustus Mudge, for accounts of the several Schools ; Mr. John V. 
Stevens and Mr. William Green for descriptions of the Fire Depart- 
ment ; Thomas M. Stimpson, Esq., for the Historical Sketch of the 
Peabody Institute, and to many other gentlemen for valuable informa- 
tion and suggestions during the progress of the compilation. 



'T 



CONTENTS. 



Introduction, - - - - - . - i 

Decorations at Danvers, --.... q 

" Danversport, . - . . . g 

" South Danvers, - - - - - 12 

Arrangements, ------ -21 

Programme of Kecejjtion, - . - ' - . - 21 

Chief Marshal's Notice, ---... 23 
The Procession, '- - - - - - -25 

Cavalcade, --------25 

Fire Department, ------- og 

Schools, -----... 30 

Exercises at the Peabody Institute, - - ... 33 

Mr. Abbott's Address, ----.. 39 

Song by the children of the Holteu High School, - - - 44 

Mr. Peabody's Reply to Mr. Abbott, - - . - 44 

THE DINNER, - . - - 47 

Speech of Mr. Daniels, - - . - - . 47 

" Mr. Peabody, - - - - - -51 

" Governor Gardner, - - ... 53 

" Hon. Edward Everett, ----- 56 

Song of "Welcome, by Mrs. Joel R. Peabody, ... 66 

Speech of Mr. J. B. C. Davis, - - - . - 68 

" President Walker, - - ... 72 

'• Mayor Meservy, ..... 70 

Prof. C. C. Felton, 74 

Ode, by Mi-s. George A. Osborne, ..... 78 

Speech of Mi-. Charles Hale, - - " - - - 79 

" Judge Wliite, ------ 82 

" Judge Upliam, ... - - - 83 

" Mr. Carrathers, ------ 85 

" Mr. Charles W. Upham, .... 35 

Ode, by Miss Han-iet W. Preston, ' - - - - 88 

Toasts and Sentiments, - - - - - - 88 

Letters, --------89 

Evening Levees, - - - - - , . . io9 

The Next Day, - - - - - . - 110 

Conclusion, - - - - - - - 112 



VI 



The Press, ...-.-- 115 

From the Boston Evening Transcript, - - -• - 115 

" " Boston Daily Advertiser, .... 119 

" " Boston Atlas, - - - - - - 120 

" " Boston Courier, - - - - - - 121 

" " Boston Traveller, - - . - - 121 

" " Boston Journal, .... - 124 

" " Salem Gazette, ------ 125 

" " Salem Register, - - - - - 125 

" " New York Times, 130 

" " American Journal of Education, - - . 131 

" " London Times, ..... 133 

HISTORY OF THE INSTITUTE, - - 135 

Prefatory, -------- 136 

Historical Sketch, ------- 137 

Mr. Peabody's Sentiment and Letter, - . . - 138 

Government of the Institute, ..... 143 

Donors and Donations to the Institute, . - - - 145 

Laying of the Comer-Ston3, - . . . . 147 

Remarks of Mr. Daniels, ------ 147 

Address of Mr. Abbott, - - - - - - 148 

Speech of Hon. Abbott Lawrence, - - - - 153 

" Mayor Seavcr, of Boston, - - - - 155 

" Mayor Huntington, of Salem, - - - 157 

Hon. George S. Hillard, - - . - - 157 

Mr. C. W. Upham, 159 

Epistle to Future Generations, - - - - - 161 

Dedication, - - - - - - -165 

Mr. Daniels' Remarks, - - - - - -165 

Original Hymn, - - - - - - -167 

Address of Hon. Rufus Choate, - - - - - 168 

Speech of Hon. Geo. S. Hillard, ----- 183 

" Hon. D. A. White, 184 

" Hon. Asahel Huntington, - - - - 184 

Gov. Washburn's Letter, - - - - - -186 

Lyceum and Library, - - - - - - 187 

List of Lectures and Lecturers, - - - - - 187 

Rules and Regulations of the Library, - - - - 192 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Bust of Mr. Peabody, by Jones. 

Portrait of Mr. Peabody. 

View of Peabody Institute, South Danvers. 

Arch on Maple Street, Danvers. 

T. A. Sweetser's Residence, and Shop of Capt. Sylvester Proctor, S. Danvers. 

Arch at Danvcrsport, and Residence of Hon. James D. Black. 

Lexington Monument, S. Danvers, and Residence of Hon. R. S. Daniels. 

Arch on Liberty Street, Danversport, and Residence of M. Hooper, Esq. 

"Webster Club Arch, Main Street, South Danvers. 

Arch at Danversport, near the Baptist Church. 

Main Street, South Danvers, from Francis Dane's store. 

Residence of Eben Sutton, Esq., opposite the Institute. 

View of Warren Bank, Main Street, South Danvers. 

Village Bank, Danvers, and Residence of Samuel Preston, Esq. 

Residence of Mr. Abel Proctor, and Arch on Holten Street. 

Store of Francis Dane, Esq., on the Square, South Danvers. 

Residence of Wm. L. Weston, Esq., Danvers. 

Lowell Street, with Arch and Congregational Church. 






/^ 











&.\L^'mn%. 



i [01 [n) Y„ 



Tfoni ii'hustJiyJZIaries. 

J.ri Bul'ioi-ds l,.lh 



THE RECEPTION. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Reception and Dinner in honor of Mr. Peabody, an 
account of which it is proposed to offer in this publication, was 
given by a joint arrangement between the towns of Danvers 
and South Danvers, which constituted the ancient town of 
Danvers. The initiative was taken by South Danvers, at a 
legal public meeting, held on petition of the Trustees of the 
Peabody Institute, on the 21st day of August, 1856 ; when, 
on motion of Hon. A. A. Abbott, the following Resolutions 
were adopted, and a Committee of twenty-three gentlemen 
were chosen to carry into effect the wishes of the inhabitants : — 

Whereas, reliable information has been received that George Pea- 
body, Esq., of London, a native of this town, whose life and character 
entitle him to our admiration and respect, and whose munificent dona- 
tions have identified him with our local interests and history, is about 
to revisit the United States, — therefore 

Resolved, by us, the citizens of South Danvers, in town meeting 
assembled, that we hail with deep pleasure this promised realization of 
a long cherished wish, and praying for Mr. Peabody a prosperous voy- 
age, bid him a hearty welcome to his native town. 

Resolved, That a committee of twenty gentlemen be chosen, whose 
duty it shall be, on the arrival of Mr. Peabody in this country, to invite 
him to this town, the home of his youth and the seat of his noble 
benefactions ; and, if he shall accept their invitation, to adopt such 
measures for his reception and entertainment as, in their judgment, 
will best express the love and honor which we bear him. 

It was afterwards voted that an attested copy of the above 
Resolves be communicated to the authorities of the town of 
Danvers, with an invitation to unite in the proposed Reception. 



The Selectmen of the town were afterwards added to the 
Committee, increasing the number to twenty-three, as follows : 

Robert S. Daniels, Chairman. 

Henry Poor, Ebenezer King, 

Lewis Allen, Daniel Taylor, 

Eben Sutton, . Richard Osborn, 

Elijah W, Upton, Stephen Blaney, 

Francis Dane, Fitch Poole, 

Alfred A. Abbott, Sydney C. Bancroft, 

William Sutton, John B. Peabody, 

George Osborne, John V. Stevens, 

Joseph Jacobs, Henry A. Hardy, 

Nathan H. Poor, Thomas M. Stimpson. 

Kendall Osborn, Francis Baker, Secretary. 

Subsequently, namely, on the 10th day of September, the 
citizens of the town of Danvers adopted the following Resolves, 
and elected a Committee of twenty-one gentlemen to represent 
the views, and to carry into effect the wishes, of the people of 
that town : 

Resolved, By the citizens of Danvers in town meeting assembled, 
that we anticipate with much pleasure the promised visit of Mr. Peabody 
to his native land, and cordially bid him welcome to the place of his 
nativity. 

Resolved, That our thanks are due, and are hereby tendered to our 
sister town of South Danvers, for the invitation extended to cooperate 
with them in the reception and entertainment of Mr. Peabody, and 
while heartily concurring in the sentiments of the resolutions adopted 
by them, it will give us pleasure to cooperate with them in adopting 
such measures as will best accord with the views herein expressed ; and 
to this end, 

Resolved, That a Committee of twenty-one be chosen to take the 
requisite measures in cooperation with our friends in South Danvers. 

The following persons were then chosen to constitute the 

Committee : 

Joshua Silvester, Chairman. 

Samuel Preston, Philemon Putnam, 

Ebenezer Hunt, Levi Merrill, 

Samuel P. Fowler, Charles Page, 

William L. W'eston, Reuben Wilkins, 

Matthew Hooper, William Endicott, 

I. H. Putnam, William Green, 

Augustus Mudge, Charles P. Preston, 

James D. Black, Benjamin F. FIutchinson, 

John A. Learoyd, George A. Tapley. 

Nathan Tapley, Arthur A. Putnam, Secretary. 



Tlie Committees thus primarily chosen by the people of the 
two municipalities, afterwards met and organized as a joint 
Committee to make arrangements for the proposed festival in 
behalf of the old town of Danvers, as it existed previous to 
the separation. The expenses were to be borne by the inhab- 
itants of both towns, in the same proportion as if no division 
had taken place, with the exception of such as were strictly 
local in their character. 

The gentlemen composing the Joint-Committee of Arrange- 
ments were organized as a united Committee by the appoint- 
ment of Hon. R. S. Daniels as Chairman, and Francis Baker, 
Esq., Secretary, the two Town Committees still retaining their 
separate organization. 

Previous to the union of the two Committees, that of South 
Danvers appointed a delegation of five of their number, viz., 
Messrs. Daniels, E. Sutton, Allen, Dane and Abbott, to meet 
Mr. Peabody in New York, on his arrival in the country,, and 
invite him to a public reception at his native town. A delega- 
tion was also sent on a similar errand from Danvers, consisting 
of Messrs. Silvester, Page, Hooper and Langley. 

Both delegations were cordially received by Mr. Peabody, 
who was much gratified and deeply affected on being informed 
of the designs of his townsmen, expressing his readiness to 
comply with their wishes, but at the same time strongly desir- 
ing that the affair might be conducted in a quiet and unosten- 
tatious manner and at as little expense as might be consistent 
with a public reception. 

Deputations were present, representing the merchants of New 
York and other commercial cities of the Union, to offer similar 
honors and eager to obtain audience, yet Mr, Peabody embraced 
the earliest opportunity to receive our Committees and express 
his unabated attachment to the place of his nativity. 

It is not proposed in these pages to give the details o| t^e, 
arrangements made, but only the results as they transpired in^ 
the course of the day. It may be proper to state t^at it was. 
at first proposed, in Committee, that the celebratioa should b©. 
more strictly of a domestic character, a family nii^etingj to wel> 



come home one of its honored and long absent members, as 
well as an occasion to express gratitude to a public benefactor. 
In consequence, however, of the refusal of Mr. Peabodt, in 
his letter to the New York deputation,* to accept any public 
demonstration, except from his own townsmen, a preference 
which they could not but regard as highly complimentary, as 
well as evincing his unabated love for the })lace of his nativity, 
they were induced to give the proposed ovation a more extended 
import. This was now understood to be the only opportunity 
to be afforded to the numerous friends of Mr. Peabody to unite 
in such a testimonial of gratitude and respect. The plan was 
therefore enlarged and invitations extended in a liberal manner 
to Mr. Peabody's friends in distant places. 

The presence of so large a number of Mr. Peabody's per- 
sonal friends, many of whom had partaken of his hospitalities, 
and were eager to greet him at the first public welcome of his 



* Tlie terms of this admirable letter are so honorable to the writer as well as 
.■tiatitering to his townsmen, that we here insert it ; — 

Neavport, Monday, Sept. 22, 1856. 

Gentlemen : — Your letter of the 16th inst. is before me. Allow me to say 
without affectation that no one can be more surprised than myself at the cordial 
welcome which you extend to me. Had my commercial and social life in London 
produced even half the results with which your kindness endows it, I should esteem 
myself more than repaid for all labors there by such a letter, subscribed as it is by 
many old and dear friends, by gentlemen whose names in letters are coextensive 
with tlie knowledge of our own language, and by merchants whose enterprise has 
carried the flag. of our country into every sea that commerce penetrates. 

If during my long residence in London the commercial cliaracter and honor of 
our countrymen have stood upon an elevated position, it has not been the result of 
my humble efforts. In common with many of you, I have tried to do my part in 
accomplishing these ends. That the American name now stands where it docs in 
the commercial world, is mainly owing to her merchants at home, who have extended 
her commerce till its tonnage equals that of any other nation, who have drawn to 
her shores the wealth of other lands, under whose directions the fertile fields of the 
interior have been made accessible and peopled, and whose fidelity to their engage- 
ments has become proverbial throughout the world. 

It has been my pleasure during a long residence in London, to renew many old 
friendships, and to form many new acquaintances .among my countrymen and 
countrywomen ; and it has been my good fortune to be permitted to cultivate these 
in social life, where I have endeavored as much as possible, to bring my British and 
American friends together. I believed that by so doing I should, in my humble 
way, assist " to remove any prejudices, to soften political asperities, and to promote 
feelings of good will and fraternity between the two countries. It gives me great 
pleasure to be assured that my countrymen at home have sympathized in these ob- 
jects, and believed that they are partially accomi)lishcd. The recent temporary 
estrangement between the two governments served to demonstrate how deep and 
cordial is the alliance between tbe interests and the sympathies of the two people. 
By aiding to make individuals of the two nations known to each other, I supposed 
that 1 was contributing my mite towards the most solid and sure foundation of peace 



grateful countrymen, added new joy to the occasion. From 
being simply a village festival it became almost national in its 
character. Gentlemen of the highest standing among the 
learned professions and in mercantile and other pursuits, were 
here from abroad, to unite with us in the outpouring of grati- 
tude to one, whose benefactions, great as they have been to us, 
have not been limited to any narrow locality. 

In their gratitude for benefits showered upon themselves, his 
townsmen have ,by no means forgotten his wider sphere of 
benevolent action. His protection of State, and consequently 
of National Credit ; his generous hospitalities to his travelling 
countrymen, and his efforts to promote kindly and brotherly 
feeling between the people of kindred nations, are known and 
appreciated. They are not ignorant of his timely aid to the 
American exhibiters at the Crystal Palace, or of the humanity 
which prompted him to send forward the Arctic ships in search 
of Sir John Franklin. These and other instances of his claims 
to be considered as a " world's benefactor," impressed his 

and good will between them ; and while the power remains to me I shall continue 
in a course which you approve. 

• In returning to my native land after an absence of twenty years, I had several 
objects in view. I wished once more to see the land of my birth and early youth, 
and the surviving members of my family ; once more to greet my friends in every 
part of the country ; and to see and know the new generations that have come up 
since I left, and who arc to be their successors. I also desired to visit every section 
of the Union, and to witness with my own eyes the evidences at home of the pros- 
perity of which I have seen abundant proofs abroad. The twenty years that have 
elapsed since my last visit are the most important twenty years in the commercial 
history of America. Like Rip Van Winkle, I am almost appalled at the wonderful 
changes that already meet my eyes. Although, as you well know, I have not 
slumbered meanwhile in a Sleepy Hollow, I stand amazed at the energy and activity 
which characterize your city. It is my wish and purpose to remain in the country 
long enough to understand these changes and their causes. 

On mature reflection, gentlemen, I think that if I accept the hospitalities which 
have been tendered to me by yourselves, and by friends in Baltimore, Philadelphia, 
Boston and other cities, I shall very seriously interfere with the objects of my visit. 
I have, therefore, been obliged to come to the conclusion to refuse all invitations to 
dinner with the single exception of my native town of Danvers, in Massachusetts. 
I assure you most sincerely that I regret very much that my plans thus compel me 
to decline the high honor which you propose to confer upon me, and to deny myself 
the pleasure of meeting so many personal friends. 

With great esteem and respect, 

I am, gentlemen, your faithful servant, 

George Peabody. 

Messrs. Nathaniel L. & George Griswold, Brown Brothers & Co., Duncan, Sher- 
man & Co., Grinnell, Minturn & Co., Goodhue & Co., Wetmore, Crj'der & Co., 
Spofford, Tileston & Co., A. & A. Lawrence & Co., Washington Irving, William 
B. Astor, Daniel Lord, George Newbold, John J. Palmer, William J. Wetmore, 
Charles Augustus Davis, E. Cunard and others. 



townsmen with the belief, that their demonstration should have 
something of the character of interriationality. This feature 
was in some measure given to it by the presence of the British 
Consul, at Boston, and of other distinguished subjects of the 
United Kingdom. It was seen in the various decorations in 
our streets and upon our buildings, where the stars and stripes 
everywhere waved in amity with the cross of St. George, It 
was also manifest at the Dinner, where the utmost enthusiasm 
followed the mention of England's beloved, Queen. These 
tokens of friendly feeling, which it was so gratifying to us to 
exhibit, as the sincere expression of enlightened American sen- 
timent towards the fatherland, we are happy to learn have 
been warmly acknowledged by our transatlantic guests. 



DECORATIONS. 

As the decorations of our public streets and private residences 
would naturally attract the first attention of a visitor, and an 
account of them better present the scene as it existed during 
the progress of the Procession, it has been thought proper to 
give them the first place in the order of events to be described. 

It should be remarked that most of the decorations of private 

citizens were the work of a few hours' preparation on the day 

preceding the reception, or on the morning of the day itself. 

Yet the general good taste displayed, in giving the town an 

aspect of gaiety and joy, seems to render apology scarcely 

necessary. 

DANVERS. 

All the public buildings on Maple Street were highly decorated ; four 
beautiful flags floated from the spire of Rev. Mr. Fletcher's church, 
and the railroad crossing near it was elegantly trimmed with evergreen 
and flags. The unfinished grammar schoolhouse bore the motto — 

"Free Schools the Nation's Strength." 

The Village Bank building was ornamented with evergreen and stream- 
ers. Near this was the magnificent arch, which was admitted to be 
one of the most tasteful in design, and elegant in execution, ever seen 
in the country, and was decidedly the most splendid decoration on the 



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whole route. It was a triple arch, the main one being forty feet wide 
and forty high, with lateral arches twenty feet wide and twenty high. 
Six large American flags floated above the principal arch, and on its 
very summit sal a large gilded eagle with spread wings. Across the 
arch, in great letters, was the word 

" Welcome." 

From the under side were suspended six beautiful medallions, tastefully 
enwreathed with evergreen, and studded with gems of the richest flow- 
ers. The two central ones were red, six feet in diameter, and had in- 
serted on them, in gilt letters, — 

"He has honored us Abroad, we noNOR him at Home." 

On each side of these was one of blue, somewhat smaller than the red, 
but equally ornamented. In the center of one was the large gilt letter 
G. and in the other the letter P. 

The remaining medallions were white, with a splendid bouquet of 
flowers in the center, and richly enwreathed as the others. This su- 
perb structure was covered with green boughs and evergreens, and was 
decorated with blue, white, and red streamers. We understand this 
beautiful tribute was wholly domestic in its origin, erection and adorn- 
ments, the ladies bearing a conspicuous part in the latter, and that 
great credit is due in the premises to Joshua Silvester, Esq., who had 
enjoyed Mr. Peabody's hospitalities in London, and to others of his 
neighbors, who took an active part in its erection. 

Passing through this arch you came under a most magnificent dis- 
play of the flags of all nations. More than four hundred feet of line, 
attached at the corners, at an elevation of more than sixty feet, cross- 
ing each other over the center of the square in the form of a horizontal 
X, filled with the various flags of the maritime nations, emblematic of 
that peace and concord which Mr. Peabody has labored so assiduously 
to promote, had a striking etfect to elevate the mind and give wings to 
.the best wishes of the heart, wafting them to all nations, tongues and 
people on the face of the globe. 

These, with the tasteful and airy decorations of the houses and 
stores on every side, made an exceedingly brilliant display, and will be 
long remembered by those, who beheld it. It was said that this scene 
by moonlight was almost enchanting and seemed an entrance to a fairy 
land. So many were those who came from a distance to see these 
decorations, from the first Magistrate of the State to the more humble 
mechanic, in carriages, on horseback, on foot, by day and by night ; so 
many requested they might be kept up that others might see them, they 
were all suffered to remain unchanged for several days, that both the 
taste and curiosity of the people might be gratified. When the carriage 
in which Mr. Peabody rode, came under the arch, the procession was 
stopped, and Mr. Peabody stood erect, while an artist stationed for the 
purpose took a photographic impression of the scene. 

Of private decorations, several dwellings on Locust Street were hung 
with wreaths and bouquets, and a vase of beautiful flowers stood in 
each of the lower windows of Mr, Joel Putnam's residence. 

On Maple Street a graceful arch spanned the gateway before Mr. 



8 

J. A. Learoyd's dwelling, which was beautifully ornamented with 
wreaths, festoons and flags. The store of F. Perley, Esq., was trimmed 
with pine boughs, evergreen and flowers. It bore the motto, — 

"Danvers Welcomes her Noble Son." 

Just below, the shoe manufactory of Mr. Charles Gould was orna- 
mented in a similar manner, with the motto — 

"Thy Native Land." 

The residences of Mr. H, Preston and Messrs. Sanger and Stimpson 
were tastefully adorned with evergreen and brilliant flowers. A large 
American flag floated above the bakery. The dwellings of Deacon F. 
Howe and Samuel Preston, Esq., were trimmed with festoons and 
wreaths of flowers. 

On the Square, the store of Messrs. Perley & Currier and the adjoin- 
ing buildings were beautifully decorated with luxuriant foliage, wreaths 
of flowers, and streamers. In front of the residence of the late John 
Page, Esq., an American flag hung between two noble elms, and 
streamers extended from them to the brick building on the corner. A 
line of flags connected Mr. E. G. Berry's hotel with Mr. D. Richards' 
store ; both of which buildings were highly ornamented with forest 
trees, streamers and flowers. Small flags were displayed from every 
window in the front of Mr. F. Noyes' brick block. 

On High Street, the residences of Messrs. D. Clough, J. Spaulding, 
and S. Brown, were ornamented with arched gateways, flags, evergreen 
and flowers. On this street, at the dwelling of W. L. Weston, Esq., 
was a novel and beautiful display. A picture of Mr. Peabody, encircled 
by an elegant wreath, ornamented the front of the house, beneath which 
appeared the word 

" Welcome " 

in evergreen letters. Over the front door two American flags leaned 
gracefully : before them a platform was erected, which extended over 
the fence of the front yard ; it was draped with white and trimmed , 
with gorgeous flowers. On this stood two lovely little girls (daughters 
of Mr. W.) dressed in white, holding w' te banners, with evergreen 
letters. Motto on the first, 

"We receive the Debt." 
On the other, — 

"We'll try to pay it." 



DANVERSPORT. 

Passing down from the Plains, we find by the brook leading into 
Porter's River, flags stretched across the street, on the largest of which 
and central one, was the word 

" Danversport," 

signifying to the passers by that the village by that name has its begin- 
ning at this place, — and here again the eye is gratified by the varied 
exhibitions of taste displayed in ornamenting the streets and residences 
of the inhabitants. 



First is observable the residence of Mr. Philip Smith, which is one 
of the first dwelling houses met with in entering the village. Here 
were seen tasteful wreaths of evergreen interwoven with flowers, and 
the inscription — 

"Welcome PEABoor," 

wrought in evergreen, on white back ground, and with a border of 
green. 

Just beyond, in front of the residence of the Hon. James D. Black, 
a beautiful arch was constructed covered with evergreen, dotted with 
flowers, and bearing the motto, 

"Danvers welcomes her Favorite Son ;" 

surmounted by a piece of carved work, in the form of a spire. Four 
national flags waved from its pillars. The residence of Mrs. J. Trask 
was decorated with wreaths and flowers. 

Mr. Black's fine residence was also dressed with festoons of ever- 
green, encircling the pillars of the portico, and tastefully draped with 
bunting : beautiful bouquets of showy flowers and wreaths were dis- 
played, adding greatly to the effect. Two national flags, diverging 
from the top of the portico, waved to the breeze ; also, a flag and 
beautiful streamer from the tall and graceful flag-staff" erected on the 
highest part of his grounds. 

Passing down. High Street presented to the eyes of the procession, 
as far as their vision could reach, a succession of decorations, giving 
to the occasion the appearance of a gala day indeed. The cottage of 
Capt. Thomas Johnson had flags displayed from the various angles with 
streamers festooned, &c. ; in the gable end, on the street, was the in- 
scription — 

"Welcome," 

encircled by a very handsome wreath ; above it, a gilt eagle sat perched 
in a thicket of evergreen, arranged in such a manner as to do credit to • 
the natural instincts of that noble bird ; over the gateway was a small 
arch tastefully decorated. 

Opposite, Mr. Hezekiah Dwinell had erected a beautiful arch over 
the gateway leading to his rfj:]idence. 

Capt. Henry Johnson had v fine display of flags and streamers across 
the street, and the fence in front of his residence festooned with 
streamers. 

Mr. Charles Chaplin had caused a line filled with a variety of flags 
and banners, to be extended across the street in front of his residence. 

Mr. Peter R. Crowell also had a line of flags in front of his resi- 
dence. 

Again, another line of flags, opposite the house of Mr. Benjamin 
Kent. 

We next come to the splendid arch, by the Baptist Church, on the 
corner of High and Water Streets. This arch, although not of so 
great dimensions as the one erected on the Plains, was thought by 
many to be equal to anything ever before seen in this vicinity for de- 
sign and for its exquisite taste ; the general form was similar to the 
others, but the motto was placed in two festoons of gilt letters, on green 



10 

back ground, with a graceful festoon of oak leaves underneath. Bunt- 
rng of bright red and white draped the arch, and mottoes and national 
flags waved from its pillars. A splendid gilded eagle surmounted the 
whole. The motto, — 

"Uanvers Welcomes a Nation's Guest," 

being considered appropriate to the occasion, as our guest had received 
invitations to partake of the hospitalities of the more important com- 
mercial cities of the nation. 

The Square, at the junction of High and Water Streets, presented a 
truly splendid show. Here were the flags of the largest dimensions 
placed, some of which were fifty feet in length. 

The stores of Messrs. T. J. Melvin and Phineas Comins, and the 
residences of Messrs. E. M. Waldron and Dr. Eben Hunt, were very 
tastefully ornamented by the display of bunting, festooned, evergreen 
wreaths, flowers, and shrubs. River Street, also, which was seen on 
the left of the route of the procession, had quite a display of flags, 
&c. The line, with the Fremont and Dayton flag, in front of the 
store of Mr. Comins, had also two other national flags. 

Passing down Water Street, the procession passed under a beau- 
tiful wreath, of a diameter of ten feet, suspended from the limb of 
the noble old elm in front of the dwelling-house owned by Mr. M. 
C. Oby ; this wreath was the handiwork of Mr. Oby, and bore the 
inscription, in large letters, extending across the same, 

"Welcome." 

The residence of Mr. Wm. Endicott had a small arch erected over 
the gateway, bearing the inscription, — 

"Our Benefactor." 

The stores of Messrs. Warren and Wm. Black were also finely 
'dressed with flags, bunting, bouquets, and evergreen trees and boughs. 
Flags of all nations suspended above the street, in front of the resi- 
dence of Maj. Moses Black. 

The wool store of M. Black, Jr. & Co. made the most magnificent 
display of flags in the village. A line containing fifteen flags, no 
two of them alike, stretched across the street ; another containing 
three large national flags, surmounting the first, the central one bear- 
ing the motto — 

"Education's Friend." 

Out of nine windows in the upper stories of the tall storehouse were 
suspended as many American flags. The carved lamb, erected about 
midway of the height, had a beautiful wreath of evergreen and flowers 
around its neck ; the whole tastefully draped with streamers. The 
shipping in port caught the enthusiasm of the occasion and made a 
very fine display, with their flags and streamers at masthead. 

Passing to the Danvers Iron Works, we noticed another exceedingly 
tasteful arch, erected over the entrance of Liberty Street. This added 
materially to the series of arches, with mottoes, in this part of the town. 
Across the arch were put thirty-one silvered stars, on blue ground, 



11 

representing the thirty-one States in the Union. Beneath were sus- 
pended three festoons, on which were inscribed the motto, — 

" A Friend — at Home and Abroad." 

The whole remaining portion of the arch was well covered with green 
boughs, with bunches of flowers interspersed, and a gilded eagle, with 
spread wings, on the summit. At this point there was also a fine dis- 
play of flags, suspended far up above the street, from the mansion of 
Mathew Hooper, Esq., on which was the inscription, extending across 
two sides of the large house, in large letters — 

"God will Bless, and Man should Honor, a World's Benefactor." 

"G. P." 

At this point is the termination of the village proper, called Danvers- 
port, of which it may not be considered out of place or improper to 
give a passing notice. This village, formerly called the " Neck," 
afterwards " New Mills," was one of the first spots selected by the 
founders of Danvers as an eligible locality for the establishment of a 
settlement : the first inhabitants regarding its " mill privileges " as 
superior to any in its vicinity. It is situated upon three arms of the 
sea known as " Porter's, Crane, and Waters Rivers," all of which are 
navigable. The facilities afforded by these avenues to commerce 
have had a tendency to foster those branches of business that look to 
emolument by trade upon the mighty deep. The depth of water not 
being great, no great metropolis could be expected to have grown up. 
In the earlier days the fathers built vessels, and carried on the fishing 
business, where now wharves are seen well stocked with merchandise. 
This being the most inland approachable navigable locality, for several 
flourishing towns in the vicinity, the business of the place, instead of 
being turned to manufacturing and producing, as in other portions of 
the town, has, by the force of circumstances, been made to consist 
alinost exclusively of a mercantile character. It is here that the farmers 
and mechanics of the manufacturins; villages obtain those necessaries 
of life which their branches of industry fail to supply ; such as flour, 
corn, molasses, salt, coal, wood, lumber, lime, cement, and many arti- 
cles of minor importance, which are obtained only by transportation 
by water. Trade, that a few years since was considered almost of no 
comparative account, has grown, keeping pace with the rapidly in- 
creasing prosperity of the manufacturing villages, until the statistics 
are alike startling and cheering to the staid, sober citizens of riper age. 
The arrivals are some two hundred yearly ; vessels of various capacity 
of burden, from one hundred to two hundred and fifty tons, all engaged 
in carrying the actual necessaries of life. The facilities for carrying 
on the mercantile business are such that with the raihoad communica- 
tion to the back country, the importance of this place as a business 
locality must be more and more appreciated. With an appropriation 
for the deepening and straightening the channel, such as are obtained 
frequently from the General Government for internal improvements in 
localities less deserving, the facilities for navigation might be greatly 
improved, and Danversport would become one of the most important 
business localities in the Commonwealth. 



12 



SOUTH DANVERS. 

At the junction of Andover, Central, and Liberty Streets, more fa- 
miliarly known in former days as the " Pine Tree," a rustic arch 
spanned the street, composed entirely of oak and pine branches, and 
evergreens, and having a line of wreaths intertwined with flowers. 

Near this arch is a small gambrel-roof house of considerable historic 
interest as having once been, in his youthful days, the residence of the 
philosopher Bowditch. On this humble dwelling was a panel with the 
inscription — 

"The Home of Bowditch." 

The engine-house of the Torrent Engine Company was decorated 
with flags, evergreens, and pine trees. That unique group of faces 
carved on its front, which has always attracted so much of the atten- 
tion of travellers, was made more expressive by fresh coloring, and 
those queer-looking figures seemed to look down with astonishment on 
the scene before them. 

Flags were suspended across the street near this point, and in the 
center of the line the word 

" Welcome," 
and on the reverse, 

"Peabody." 

Flags were also suspended from the house of Henry M. Osborn to 
that of the late Mr. Stephen Osborn. 

At the residence of Miles Osborn, Esq., where Mr. Peabody and the 
guests of the Committee were entertained, an array of bunting extended 
from the front, with a line of flags across the street to the house of Mr. 
Stephen Peabody, while the American flag floated from the top of the 
house, all making a good display. 

The schoolhouse was gayly adorned with festoons and wreaths of 
evergreens, and a portrait of Mr. Peabody surmounting the motto — 

" God loveth the Cheerful Giver ; so doth the Receiver." 

The house was further adorned with the Peabody coat-of-arms, paint- 
ed by a promising and meritorious young artist of this district, Mr. Asa 
Bushby, Jr. 

A line of flags was also seen across the street near the residences of 
Messrs. William Osborn, Samuel Cheever, P. G. Folsom and others. 
Another from the residences of Ira D. Foster and James Perry. 

William Potter's house was nearly covered in front with streamers, 
bouquets and evergreens, and a noble elm at the corner of Elm Street, 
from which the latter received its name, was twined with bunting. 

There was also a fine flag floating across Elm Street. 

The residence of Hon. Henry Poor, on the other corner of Elm 
Street, was splendidly decorated, and had triangular flags in front. 

A fine arch at this point spanned Central Street, with the inscription — 

" The Boy of ouk Free Schools our noblest Benefactor." 
On Stevens Street a line of flags and wreaths extended from the 



13 

residence of John V. Stevens to Mr. S. Newman's house, bearing the 
motto — 

" Welcome Home." 

The house of Nathan FI. Poor, Esq., Town Clerk of South Danvers, 
was also decorated with bunting and wreaths of evergreen. Mr. Jos. 
Fenderson's house was also decorated with wreaths. George M. Teel's 
house on Central Street was gayly dressed with bunting. 

At the square near the Old South Church, where Mr. Peabody for- 
merly worshipped, the scene was particularly gay, most of the build- 
ings being elaborately dressed with flags, streamers, and bearing in- 
scriptions. Here was a noble arch, with British flags on either side, 
and on the north side the words — 

" Welcome Home." 
and on the reverse — 

"A GRATEFUL PeOPLE GREET HIM." 

The large brick store occupied by Francis Dane and Amos Merrill 
was finely dressed, and a long line of flags extended quite across the 
square to the church. The corner of the building bore the motto — 

"Action is the Life of Virtue." 

Another arch, fronting Lowell Street, was finely draped with flags. 

General Foster Enginehouse, on Lowell Street, was decorated with 
flags. 

Lewis Allen, Esq.'s brick block, occupied by A. P. Phillips & Son, 
A. A. Abbott, C. F. Flint, and others, was fully dressed, and over the 
Post Office a full length portrait of Washington. Above this was a 
spread Eagle, holding streamers in his beak, which were festooned 
broadly on the building, and underneath, the word 

" Welcome." 
Underneath the portrait of Washington were the words 
" Sacred to Liberty." 

From each corner of the building were thrown flags in profusion; 
extending from this to Warren Block was a line of flags — a Mexican 
flag captured at Chapultepcc, and others. 

The new Warren Bank Building was finely dressed with drapery, 
evergreens and flowers. It bore the motto — 

" We welcome home the heart unchanged 
By honors, wealth, or courtly power." 

Across the entire front extended the word 

" Welcome," 

each letter being enclosed in a wreath of evergreen. This fine build- 
ing was farther beautifully adorned by a bright display of ladies in the 
balcony in front. 

The estate of Hon. George Osborne was elaborately decorated with 
the English and American colors. Two very large and new English 
and American ensigns, flanking the extreme right and left of his 



14 

grounds, connected by pennants and streamers to the center of the 
mansion, from whence were draped two ele<i;ant flags of tlie two na- 
tions, decorating in graceful folds each side front of the house. Car- 
lands and bouquets of natural flowers, as pendents of the flags, relieving 
the center. 

At Orlando E. Pope's, two flags were displayed, American and 
English, with the words — 

"A Youth's Tribute," 

trimmed with evergreen. 

The British flag was a trophy taken by the grandfather of the young 
man in 1814 at Plymouth, where, at the time, he was commandant at 
the fort. 

The shop occupied by Mrs. Lord was tastefully decorated, having in 
front a portrait of Capt. Sylvester Proctor, taken some years since. 
Underneath which was this inscription — 

" Sylvesteh Proctok, the early friend and patron of George Peabody. 
His works do praise him." 

Red and white streamers depended from the roof arching over the 
portrait, and were festooned across the windows below, which were 
trimmed with evergreens, and adorned with bouquets of flowers. 

It was here that Mr. Peabody passed several of his youthful years, 
" receiving from Mr. Proctor and his excellent lady," as he himself 
remarked, " parental kindness, and such instructions and precepts as, 
by endeavoring to practice which, in after-life, I attribute much of my 
success." 

The front windows and interior were ornamented by the occupant 
with beautiful bouquets, tastefully arranged, presenting a neat and 
graceful appearance. 

Next to this was the building occupying the site of the house where 
Sylvester Proctor, the early friend and patron of Mr. Peabody, was 
born, and where also was the first law-office of the Hon. Rufus Choate, 
was beautifully adorned for the occasion. On the house, under a can- 
opy of American flags, was displayed a fine portrait of Sylvester Proc- 
tor, painted by Mrs. Sweetser, the lady of T. A. Sweetser, the occu- 
pant. Under the upper windows was a beautiful arrangement of 
dahlias, of various colors, forming the name of 

" George Peabody." 

Next below, in letters of box, was the motto, 

" True Nobilitt." 

At each side of these inscriptions w^ere large bouquets, formed of 
the variegated forest leaves of the season. Suspended from the cor- 
ners of the house, across the front, were long wreaths of dahlias of all 
colors, blended with evergreens, and tastefully festooned. 

On the second story, in large letters of box, was inscribed — 

"International Friendship;" 

below which were intertwined American and English flags, which were 
united by the American shield. Wreaths of forest leaves were ex- 



15 

tended, at this point, from one side of the house to the other. Upon 
the windows in the third story were twined, in the form of shields, 
American pennants. In front of all, curving from the center of the 
eaves to the trees upon the sidewalk, were long streamers of green and 
yellow twined with the American pennant, that gracefully relieved the 
decorated face of the building. The embellishments were in fine 
keeping with the color of the house, and their harmony and taste were 
very generally admired. 

The house of Mr. Franklin Walker was dressed with wreaths of 
evergreens, its interior also being decorated with vases of flowers, por- 
traits enclosed in wreaths of evergreen interspersed with flowers. 

Mr. E. W. Wood's house was ornamented in front with wreaths and 
festoons of evergreens and flowers and an American flas;. 

The house of Mr. Eben S. Howard was also decorated with wreaths 
and flowers. 

Eagle Enginehouse had a fine display of national and signal flags, 
with a figure of a fireman on the cross-trees of the flag-staff". On the 
front was inscribed, in large size, the letter " P." 

The new brick mansion of Eben. Sutton, opposite the Institute, had 
a pyramidal bower of flags and bunting in front, making a unique dis- 
play of much beauty. Hon. Edward Everett stood on the portico of 
this house and witnessed the progress of the procession, recognizing 
Mr. Peabody as he passed, amidst the shouts of the spectators. The 
meeting of these two gentlemen, at the same place, after the return of 
the procession, was a most heart)- greeting, and one of the interesting 
events of the day. 

The front of the Peabody Institute was the central point for deco- 
rations as well as for the principal exercises of welcome to our distin- 
guished guest. A cone of streamers of various colors, suspended from 
the peak of the roof, were festooned below, and in the center was a 
tablet with the historic inscription. 

Founded June 16, 1852. 

Dedicated to Knoavledge and Morality, 

September 29, 1854. 

Over the tablet was the Peabody Arms, surmounted by an eagle and 
canopied by American and British flags, the whole making a neat and 
beautiful appearance. A multitude of flags of different nations, the 
stars and stripes and the British ensign waving in close proximity, 
floated high above the street ; and just beneath, over the center, streamers 
radiated in every direction from a scroll emblazoned with the name of 

" Peabody," 

making a complete and brilliant canopy. The whole was conceived 
in excellent taste and made a most attractive exhibition. 

The house of Mr. Samuel Ham, near the Institute, was tastefully 
decorated with flags. 

Samuel Harris's house was ornamented with evergreen in wreaths 
and festoons, also with flags. 

Benjamin Wheeler's house was decked with flags and streamers. 



16 

The beautiful mansion of Benjamin S. Wheeler was elaborately 
dressed with streamers of various colors, making one of the most at- 
tractive shows in the street. 

The Union Store was embellished with pine boughs and flags. 

The residence of Mr. David Daniels, one of Mr. Peabody's earliest 
and most intimate friends, was handsomely decorated with bunting. 
From Mr. Daniels' store to that on the opposite corner across Wash- 
ington Street, a line of British and American flags bore the motto — 

"At the Cocnter or on the Exchange, always Just and True." 

The store occupied by George P. Daniels and Eben. S. Howard 
was finely dressed with bunting of various colors. 

The residence of Dr. S. A. Lord and G. W. Sargent was very, neatly 
and tastefully decorated with wreaths of evergreen and a fine portrait 
of Webster. 

Here was erected a magnificent arch, appropriately trimmed with 
evergreen and bunting, and bearing the inscription. 

Honor to Whom Honor is Due. 
Webster Club. 

Above the keystone of the arch was a bronze bust of Webster, and 
upon the keystone the word "Peabody" was emblazoned, surrounded 
with gilded stars and festooned with evergreen. On the columns were 
the names distinguished in our local history, Holten, King, Ward, 
Fosters, Osborn, Proctor, Bo wd itch and Putnam. On the top of one 
column was the word 

" Liberty;" 
on the other, 

" Union." 

This arch was erected by the Webster Club. 

Flags were suspended across the entrance of Holten Street, and a 
tablet with the following inscription — 

A Good Investment, Money expended for the promotion of Knowl- 
edge AND Morality. 

Across Main Street, from George E. Meacom's, English and American 
flags were suspended, and the front of his store was gayly ornamented 
with bunting. 

The house occupied by Mr. Peabody was decorated with evergreen 
and flowers. 

The residence of Hon. A. A. Abbott was most beautifully embel- 
lished with flags and streamers extending to the trees in front ; and 
over the portico in front was a bust of Webster, with the national 
shield, and the word 

" Welcome." 

The pillars were entwined with flags. The whole presented a very pic- 
turesque appearance. 

The fine mansion of W. M. Jacobs, Esq., was tastefully adorned 
with bunting, and evergreen wreaths and festoons intertwined with 
flowers. Over his porch was exhibited a painting representing the Old 
South Church, as it existed at the time Mr. Peabody left this country 



17 

for England. On this painting was also represented a view of the 
encampment of the Danvers Light Infantry, under Capt. (now Gen.) 
Sutton, on the green, which at that time existed in front of the old 
meeting house. 

The store occupied by C. F. Hoi man was decked with streamers ot 
red, blue and yellow, gracefully festooned. 

Mr. Paul Hildreth's house showed exquisite taste and skill in the 
making and arrangement of wreaths and festoons of evergreens and 
bouquets of flowers. 

Edward W. Jacobs' house was also similarly adorned with flowers 
and evergreen. 

A large American flag was suspended across Pierpont Street from 
the house of Mr. Joshua H. Poole. 

The house occupied by William Southwick displayed decorations of 
neatness and good taste. 

A line of flags of different nations was suspended across Main Street 
in front of Gen. Sutton's brick store. 

Gen. Sutton's mansion was profusely embellished with bunting 
gracefully displayed, and made a splendid appearance. 

The residence of William Sutton, Jr., on Main Street, was hand- 
somely festooned with bunting. 

The house of Fitch Poole had festoons of evergreen and flags and 
shields, with the stars and stripes enclosed in wreaths. In his yard 
were statues of Victoria and Prince Albert, and between them, 
elevated on a pedestal, a bust of Washington. 

Volunteer Engine House was very finely arrayed with flags and 
streamers. Its front was spanned with an arch, bearing the motto — 

"The Fire of true Gratitude: 
Water cannot Quench it." 

Near the top of the house was a gilt eagle, with a ring in his beak, 
from which streamers were suspended, on the front of ihc building. On 
either side was a figure of a fireman, and on each side of the arch a 
Union shield, with stars and stripes, and beneath it a representation of 
a fire engine. 

The house of Mr. Nathaniel Anable was decked with flags and 
pennons, a portrait of Washington, and wreaths of evergreen. In 
front of the "house was erected a tall ladder, dressed with evergreen, 
and on the top round the name of 

"Peabodt." 
The allusion attracted much attention for the originality and aptness of 
its conception. 

Two flags were suspended across the street from R. O. Spiller's 
store, and on its front was the inscription — 

" George Peabodt, Benefactor of his Native Town." 

The residence of Mr. William Poor displayed fine taste in the selec- 
tion and arrangements of its decorations, and made a beautiful display. 

Nathan Pearson and William Cutler's residence was decked with 
wreaths and festoons of flags ; the windows dressed with evergreen 
and bouquets. 
2 



18 

Flags were suspended across the street at the Old Elm Tree, the 
old Salem boundary line, by C. A. Dearborn and others. 



HOLTEN STKEET. 

This street, now so populous, had no existence at the time of Mr. 
Peabody's residence here, and is one example of the progress of the 
town in population and improvement. 

At its junction with Main Street was the display of a line of flags 
and inscription, as represented in the preceding account. 

The residence of G. A. Osborne, Esq., was hung with festoons ot 
streamers and evergreen, with a fine picture of Mr. Peabody in a gilt 
frame, bordered with choice flowers and wreaths of the same. Near 
it was a beautiful arch spanning the street, fancifully adorned with 
wreaths and the following inscription, each letter of which was exhibited 
on a white ground and enclosed in a wreath — 

" George Peabody, the Friekd of the People." 

This arch was further decorated with pine boughs, flowers and flags 
and wreaths suspended from it. From beneath, hung flags and stream- 
ers, supported by a golden eagle, holding in its beak wreaths of beau- 
tiful flowers. 

The house of Mr. Elijah W. Upton attracted general notice for the 
neatness and beauty of its decorations. 

The houses of Mr. George P. Osborn and Mrs. H. Robbins were 
aiso appropriately embellished. 

The mansion of Mr. Abel Proctor, in Sewall Street, was highly 
dressed with flags and streamers. 

Stephen Osborn's house, on Holten Street, was gayly dressed with 
festoons and streamers. 

Across the street, opposite the premises of Mr. Abel Proctor, was 
another fine arch, supported by pine trees decorated with flags and 
wreaths of evergreen, with the inscription — 

"Kespected and Honored on both sides of the Atlantic." 
" George Peabody." 

With coat of arms. On the obverse : 

"George Peabody— a Noble Representative or American Merchants." 

Mr. John Pindar's house was adorned with evergreen and display of 
hunting. 

Flags were displayed across the street from the houses of Mr. John 
Birbcck and Mr. Lauriston Stiles. 

Mr. Francis K. Pcmberton's house was dressed with pennants and 
wreaths. 

The houses of Mr. Dennison W. Osborne and John S. Grant were 
largely decorated with wreaths and pennants. 

Another fine arch extends across the street, finely draped with flags, 
bearing the inscription — 

"George Peabody, a Man who is a Man." 
The head was finely decorated with small flags. 



19 

Levi Spaulding's house was fully dressed, with displays of bunting, 
as was also that of T. W. Carr. 

The cottage house of Mr. Joseph Moore was neatly and tastefully 
decorated with wreaths of evergreen and flowers, and streamers of 
various colors. 



WASHINGTON STREET. 

Mr. Benjamin Osborn's house exhibited red and white streamers, 
festooned. 

The house of Levi Trask had wreaths of evergreens. 

Mr. Samuel Symonds' house had a fine display of streamers and 
trimmings of oak leaves. 

At Mr. Joseph E. Goldthwait''s, an arch was erected neatly trimmed, 
on which was a white flag, with the name 

" Peabodt," 

and beneath it a single star, enclosed in a circle, and under it the 
words — 

" Welcome, Fkiend of Eddcation." 

This is a part of Washington Street, near the Dinner Tent, at the 
entrance to which was an arch, with the word — 

" Welcome." 

From this arch streamers extended to the door of the tent. The in- 
terior was dressed gayly with bunting, stretching from the tent poles to 
the outer sides, and behind the guests was a grey eagle in full plumage. 

In Wright's large tent plates were laid for thirteen hundred persons. 
In the rear was a smaller tent, for the accommodation of the children, 
which will seat fifteen hundred. The dinner was by J. B. Smith, the 
well known caterer. 

There was also suspended from one of the tent-poles a spread eagle 
with the Union shield on his breast, and holding in one claw the Amer- 
ican and in the other the British flag. From his beak were the words 

" England my Abiding place, America my Home." 

This fine design was the work of Messrs. Philip and William Blaney. 

The house of Joshua Giddings was finely dressed with red and white 
streamers, displayed on its front. 

William H. Lord's house was elegantly draped with flags and 
streamers and wreaths of evergreen. 

Near this place was an arch thrown across the street, and it may 
safely be said that the scene presented in this immediate locality was 
one of the finest on the entire route. 

At the mansion of Charles E. Brown, Esq., flags arid streamers, 
with other decorations, were tastefully displayed, and made a handsome 
appearance. 

The house of Caleb S. Currier was well decorated with bunting, and 
a line of flags extended across the street. 

The fine residence of Mr, John O. Poor was beautifully decorated 



20 

with flags, shields of Union with stars and stripes, and a variety of 
other ornaments, with the word 

" Welcome " 
on an evergreen tablet. 

The house of Mr. E. W. Fornis was similarly adorned with flags, 
streamers and evergreens. 

The residence of A. F. Clark was tastefully dressed with flags, &c.. 
with the inscription over the entrance — 

" Hail, Noble Patkon," 

with decorations of various colored dahlias and wreaths of flowers. 

Across the street is a line of American flags, with the word on white 
ground — 

" Peabody." 
On the obverse — 

" The Tede Value of Wealth is its Right Use." 

The residences of Eben. S. and George P. Daniels, was also deco- 
rated, and over the entrance was the inscription — 

"Welcome to our Guest." 

The adjoining residence of Thorndike P. Daniels was also tastefully 
Adorned, and over the entrance — 

" We all tJNiTE to' Honor Him." 

Across the street is another fine arch, surmounted by an eagle and 
dressed with flags. 

The residence of Hon. Robert S. Daniels, president of the day, pre- 
sented a 'fine appearance ; the entire front was beautifully decorated with 
flags and streamers, with the motto over the entrance — 

" Welcome to our Benefactor." , 

At this point, across the street, is a line of various flags, with the in- 
rscription, 

" Honor 3K) Him who Loves to Honor His Country." 

The old Lexington Monument was tastefully decorated with wreaths 
and fla^a. 






LeMOX AND 



[^^j^an^^::^ 



21 



ARRANGEMENTS. 

The Joint-Committee held frequent meetings at the rooms of 
the Peabody Institute, dividing their labors by the appointment 
of Sub-Committees, to whom were committed the duties par- 
ticularly adapted to each. The result of their preparations, up 
to a few days previous to the day of Reception, is foreshadowed 
in the following programme. The more complete arrange- 
ments for the procession will be found in the Chief Marshal's 
notice, which follows. 

. Programme. 

PEABODY RECEPTION. 

The Committee of Arrangements, appointed severally by the two 
towns of Danvers and South Danvers, have jointly adopted measures 
for a public reception of George Peabody, of London, on his contem- 
plated visit to his native town. 

The time fixed for the proposed reception, after conference and cor- 
respondence with Mr. Peabody, is Thursday, Oct. 9th, 1856. 

THE ARRANGEMENTS. 

The arrangements are not yet completed, but such progress has been 
made, that the Committee feel authorized to announce that the princi- 
pal features of the occasion will be a Procession, in which the Schools 
will form a prominent part ; an Address of Welcome, in behalf of the 
citizens, by Hon. Alfred A. Abbott ; a Public Dinner, in a tent or 
pavilion ; and a Levee in the evening. It is, however, understood that 
the proposed Levee will not be accompanied with music or refresh- 
ments, but is intended for the simple purpose of affording ladies and 
gentlemen an opportunity for a personal introduction to Mr. Peabody. 

THE RECEPTION. 

The Committee will first meet Mr. Peabody on Maple Street, near 
Rev. Mr. Fletcher's Church, at 10 o'clock in the morning, and thence 
he will be escorted by a cavalcade, by the most direct route through 
Danversport, to the head of Central Street, where the several bodies 
composing the procession will be drawn up to receive him. The Com- 
mittee have invited the Town Authorities, the Schools, the members of 
the Fire Departments, strangers from abroad, and our own citizens, to 
join the procession ; and they have also invited the Divisionary Corps 
of Cadets, under Capt. Foster, to perform escort duty. It is also under- 
stood that a cavalcade will form a part of the procession. Other organ- 
ized bodies or voluntary associations which may wish to join in the 
procession, are requested to notify the Chief Marshal, who will assign 
them their places. 



22 



THE PROCESSION. 

Gen. Wm. Sutton has been appointed Chief Marshal of the day, 
who will select his Aids, and a sufficient number of Assistant Marshals 
will be appointed. The procession will move, immediately after receiv- 
ing Mr. Pcabody, through Central and Main Streets, to the Salem 
boundary line, countermarch to Ilolten Street, through Molten, and 
return by Washington and Main Streets to the Peabody Institute, where 
the address will be delivered. After the exercises at the Institute, a 
new procession will be formed, consisting of holders of tickets to the 
dinner, and the schools, wlio will proceed to the tables under military 
escort. 

THE DECORATIONS. 

It is also proposed that the streets and houses on the route of the 
procession shall be decorated in such manner as the taste of individuals 
or neighborhoods may dictate, in addition to such decorations as may 
be provided by the Committee. 

THE DINNER. 

Hon. Robert S. Daniels has been appointed President of the Day, 
and will preside at the dinner, assisted by Rev. Dr. Braman, as first 
Vice President, and such other Vice Presidents as may be hereafter 
designated. 

Tickets for the dinner, at $1.50 each, may be had at the following 
places, viz. : Francis Dane's, Amos McrrilPs, Thomas A. Svveetser's, 
and George E. Meacom's, South Danvers ; Post Office, at Danvers 
Plains ; T. J. Melvin's, Danversport ; F. A. & R. Wilkins, Danvers 
Center ; and J. E. Tilton's, Salem. 

It is expected that ladies, as well as gentlemen, will partake of the 
public dinner. 

It is earnestly desired that gentlemen may purchase tickets for them- 
selves and their friends immediately^ as the number to be provided for 
must be limited to the demand for tickets, and the sale of tickets will 
stop on Monday next. 

For the Committee of Arrangements, 

Francis Baker, Secretary. 

South Danvers, Oct. 3, 1856. 



Maj. Gen. William Sutton was appointed Chief Marshal of 
the day, svith the following Aids and Assistant Marshals : 

Aids. 

Warren M. Jacobs, William Potter, 

George M. Teel, C. C. Piper, 

D. A. Varney, a. G. Allen. 

Assistant Marshals. 

Dr. D. C. Perkins, Edward W. Fornis, 

Miles O. Stanley, Aaron F. Clark, 

Benj. S. Wheeler, Wm. C. Rogers, 

RuFus H. Brown, Isaac B. Elliott, 

Benj. T. Tilton, Alfred Ward. 
Sam'l Sypionds, 



23 

(Eljlcf Hilars l)a I' s Notice. 

ORDER OF PROCESSION, 

At the Reception q/ George Peabody, Esq., of London, at South Dan- 
vers, his native place, in old Danvers, Thursday, Oct. 9, 1856. 

Mr. Peabody is expected to arrive at the place of his first reception 
on Maple Street, at 9 o'clock, A. M., and will be escorted to the junc- 
tion of Liberty and Central Streets, by a cavalcade. The processioB 
will be here formed at 10 o'clock, A. M., and arranged in the following 
order : — 

Escort, consisting of the Divisionary Corps of Independent Cadets, 

under Capt. Foster, with Gilinore's Brass Band. 

Chief Marshal and Aids. 

Committee of Arrangements on foot. 

Mr. Peabody in a barouche, with Hon. Kobert S. Daniels, President of the Day. 

Governor of the Commonwealth and other invited guests in carriages. 

Municipal Authorities of Danvers and South Danvers, on foot. 

Marshal. 

Present and Past Trustees of the Peabody Institute. 

Present and Past Members of the Lyceum and Library Committee of the Institute. 

Marshal. 

Band. 

Marshal with Aids. 

Teachers and Pupils of the Peabody and Ilolten High Schools, with 

Peabody Medal Scholars. 

Marshal. 

Grammar, Intermediate, and Primary Schools. 

Marshal. 

Citizens .and Strangers. 

Marshal of Fire Department and Aids. 

Band. 

Engineers and Firewards of the Fire Departments of the two Towns. 

Marshal. 

Engine Companies arranged in the order of ])recedence as established by the old Town 

of Danvers. 

Marshal with Aids. 

Cavalcade of Ladies accompanied by Gentlemen. 

Marshal with Aids. 

Mounted Band. 

Cavalcade of Gentlemen. 

The procession will move through Central and Main Streets to the 
boundary line of Salem and South Danvers, countermarch to Holten 
Street, tlu'ough Holten, Pleasant, Washington and Main Streets, to the 
Peabody Institute, where the public exercises of welcome will take 
place on the platform in front of the building. 

On arrival at the Institute, a space will be cleared to admit the pro- 
cession to the front of the platform. 

The enclosure will be reserved for the teachers and pupils of the 
Schools, the Medal Scholars, and ladies holding tickets to the dinner. 
Ladies holding tickets will also be admitted into the building until the 
procession is formed to proceed to the dinner. 

After the exercises at the platform are concluded, a new procession, 
consisting of the holders of dinner tickets, will be formed in the follow- 
ing order : — 



24 

Escort. 

Chief Marshal and Aids. 

Members of Committee of Arrangements, with their Ladies. 

Guests. 

Gentlemen accompanied by Ladies. 

Gentlemen. 

On the arrival of the proces.sion at the tables, Flon. Robert S. Daniels 
will preside, assisted by the following gentlemen as Vice Presidents : 
Rev. Dr. Braman, Fitch Poole, Joshua Silvester, Dr. George Osborne, 
Moses Black, Jr., David Daniels, Henry Cook, Daniel Richards, Amos 
Osborn, Charles Lawrence, Henry Gardner, Joseph S. Black, Miles 
Osborn, A. A. Abbott, Otis Mudge, Lewis Allen, Philemon Putnam, 
Benj. Goodridge, Jacob F. Perry. 

A strong force of regular and special police will be employed to 
preserve order during the day and evening, and keep the streets in the 
route of the procession free from obstruction by carriages, and to see 
that the enclosure at the Institute is reserved. 

By order of the Committee of Arrangements : 

William Sutton, Chief Marshal. 

It will be seen that the time appointed for the proposed 
Reception and Welcome was the 9th day of October, 1856. 
For many days previous to that date, the inhabitants as well 
as the Committee were busily employed in preparations for the 
approaching festival. 

The several Schools, the Firemen, the members of the dif- 
ferent Cavalcades and the various bodies of Marshals were all 
actively employed in a generous rivalry to make the occasion 
one which should be creditable to themselves and honorable 
to their Guest. 



^ 



THE PROCESSION. 

The sun rose on the 9th of October bright and beautiful. 
It was one of those bland Indian Summer days peculiar to 
New England in the Autumn months, the serene atmosphere 
and clear skies contributing in no slight degree to the pleasure 
of the occasion. 

At an early hour the inhabitants were in motion, and the 
different branches of the two Cavalcades proceeded to Maple 
Street in North Danvers, marshalled as follows : — 

Chief Marshal of Cavalcades, 

W. J. C. KENNEY. 

Aids. 
George Porter, Jacob Young. 



Chief Marshal of 1st Division, North Danvers, 

Simeon Putnam. 

Aids. 
A. W. Thompson, Phineas Corning. 

Assistant Marshals. 

Dr. Snow, Charles Smith, Moses Black, Jr., 

M. C.'Oby, George Tapley, Joel Putnam, 

M. FT. Boardman, G. W. Kenney, E. Webster, 

Amos Prince, E. Legro, L. Dempsey. 

Chief Marshal of 2d Division, South Danvers, 
John A. Lord. 

Aids. 

D. W. Osborn, John Pindar. 

Assistant Marshals. 

Joseph Fairfield, Mark H. Davis, Joseph Morrison, 

Henry A. King, Samuel Newman, Franklin Osborn, Jr. 

Benjamin M. Hills, William Perry, Wm. S. Osborn, 

Thomas W. Osborne, Daniel R. Davis, Sylvester Needbam, 

Wm. H. Baldwin, Jos. B. Newhall, Mark Merrill, 

John G. Wolcotl, Tyler Mudge, George Taylor. 



Chief Marshal of 3d Division, Ladies'* Cavalcade, 
Edward W. Jacobs. 

Aids. 
John B. Clement, George Upton. 

Assistant Marshals. 
Abel J. Proctor, John Moulton. 



26 

At about half past nine o'clock a salute of one hundred guns 
from a detachment of artillerists, procured by private enterprise, 
announced the arrival of Mr, Peabody at the place of reception 
at Maple Street, near Rev. Mr. Fletcher's church. Here he 
alighted from the private carriage in which he had come from 
Georgetown in company with his two sisters and a nephew, 
and, after being introduced to members of the Committee of 
Arrangements, took his seat in an elegant barouche, drawn by 
six horses, being accompanied by Hon. Robert S. Daniels, 
and Joshua Silvester, Esq., Chairmen of the Town Committees, 
and Rev. Dr. Braman. 

The scene here was very beautiful. The spire of the church 
and private buildings were gayly dressed with flags and stream- 
ers, and in full view was an elegant threefold arch spanning 
the wide street, the center arch rising high above the others, 
and being adorned with evergreens, wreaths, medallions, flow- 
ers, and flags. At this point the barouche, followed by the 
carriages containing the town authorities and Committee of 
Arrangements, came to a halt, and Mr. Peabody stood erect 
while a photographic artist fixed the scene on his plate. This 
view is presented to the reader in the lithographic drawing 
annexed. A more full description of this arch will be found 
in its appropriate place. 

The two Cavalcades were in waiting just below the arch, 
the Ladies' Cavalcade being on the right, or at the head of the 
Procession, and that of Gentlemen in the rear. 

The " Ladies' Cavalcade" added greatly to the novelty and 
variety of the show. The ladies were uniformly dressed with 
dark hats and riding habits, and their attendants with caps of 
uniform style, made expressly for this occasion. Each lady 
carried a fine bouquet of flowers, which was thrown into Mr. 
Peabody's carriage as he passed along, he gracefully acknowl- 
edging the compliment. 

At the head of the Gentlemen's Cavalcade rode the delega- 
tion from "Rockville," the village next to Lynn, comprised in 
School District No. 8. This was a fine body of men, uni- 
formly dressed in white pantaloons and dark coats. There 



27 

was also a good delegation from West Danvers. that portion of 
the town joining Lynnfield, and comprised in School Districts 
Nos. 7, 9, and 10. They were designated by each having a 
small American Flag attached to the bridle, on which were 
the letters W. D. 

The Cavalcade was preceded by a mounted Band of eight- 
een brass instruments, and, as the cortege took its line of 
march, the scene was lively and animating. The streets were 
thronged with a moving multitude, on foot and in carriages, 
eager to obtain a jfirst sight of their benefactor and friend. As 
the procession moved on through streets lined with decorated 
houses, and under waving flags and triumphal arches, attended 
by the booming of cannon and strains of martial music, the 
shouts and salutations of the people were gracefully acknowl- 
edged by Mr. Peabody, as he bowed to the throng on either 
side. 

The Cavalcades and carriages must have extended nearly or 
quite half a mile, and, as the latter descended the hill near the 
residence of the late Capt. Benjamin Porter, the head of the 
procession was ascending the heights of Liberty Street. The 
scene here was truly grand and picturesque. A fine view 
might then be had of almost the whole of the Cavalcade, across 
Waters River, as it was seen winding its way, partially hid by 
the undulations of the ground, and partly in full view of such 
observers as were towards the rear of the procession. 

As the head of the Cavalcade arrived at Wilson's Corner, the 
place where the full procession was to form, it opened to the 
right and left, and the carriages passed through. Here the 
line of the procession was found already formed, the two 
Cavalcades remaining in the rear. As the barouche, with Mr. 
Peabody, passed along the lines of Military and Firemen, with 
their bright uniforms and the long ranks of gayly dressed chil- 
dren, with a dense throng of spectators in the background, he 
was received with deafening shouts. On his first entrance 
through the rustic Arch, at the head of the street, one of the 
bands of music struck up " Home, sweet Home," and after this 
was through, another played "God save thedueen." At this 



28 

moment the pupils of the Holten High School, every alternate 
scholar holding an American and English flag, unrolled and 
Avaved them in the air, and then, in a moment, the twin ban- 
ners of two powerful and kindred nations were seen crossing 
each other, as if in loving union. This fine tableaux was hap- 
pily conceived and neatly executed. Mr. Peabody witnessed 
the scene with deep emotion. The band then played " Hail 
Columbia." 

Mr. Peabody now alighted, and, with other guests, partook 
of the hospitalities of Mr. Miles Osborn at his new mansion on 
Central Street. 

After a short tarry at Mr. Osborn's, where he was introduced 
to many of his friends, Mr. Peabody again entered his barouche, 
accompanied by Messrs. Daniels and Silvester, and Hon. A. A 
Abbott, wliich then took its place in the procession. Another 
barouche received His Excellency Governor Gardner and his 
Aids, and other guests followed in carriages. 

The procession was formed nearly in the order announced 
in the notice of the Chief Marshal. The fine military corps of 
Independent Cadets appeared in very full ranks, numbering 
over 100 muskets, and made a very brilliant appearance. 
They were accompanied by Gilmore's celebrated Band. 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief Marshal, 

JOHN V. STEVENS. 

Aids. 
Stephen Osborn. Timothy Hawkes. 

Assistant Marshals. 
Engine No. 2 — General Scott — Moses Chapman, Eben. Currier. 
Engine No. 3 — Torrent — Malachi Batfhelder, Henry Wilson. 
Engine No. 5 — Eagle — Andrew J. Burrell, Warren Snow. 
Engine No. 6 — Ocean — Simeon A. Putnam, William Needham. 
Engine No. 8 — Volunteer — William Southwick, William Dodge. 

After the Escort came the Fire Department, which never 
appeared on a public occasion in fuller numbers, or in brighter 
array. All the companies were well uniformed, and all but 




g. ( 
° J 












'"^^'^-l 
[0^ 



■^o-^ 



29 

one in red, with blue pantaloons and caps of varied patterns. 
One of the companies wore a handsome blue frock coat, neatly 
trimmed. This was the Eagle Company, No. 5, and appeared 
with 108 men, about half the number being volunteers from 
the Empire Company of Lynn. 

Engine Company No. 2, General Scott, from Dan vers Cen- 
ter, came first in order, and appeared in a very neat uniform, 
with 53 members, accompanied by Bond's Cornet Band. Their 
Engine was handsomely decorated with blue and crimson vel- 
vet, with a border of gold and silver lace, together with an 
arch containing 31 silver stars, the American and English flags 
waving on either side. 

The " Torrent" Engine. No. 3, located at Wilson's Corner, 
or Pine Tree, was present with 43 members, handsomely uni- 
formed with red jackets and blue pants, and glazed caps. 
They were accompanied by two musicians. Their machine 
was gayly decorated. 

Eagle Engine Company, No. 5, whose Enginehouse is near 
the Peabody Institute, appeared with 50 of its own members, 
exclusive of volunteers, in a neat uniform of blue, with fire- 
men's caps. They had three musicians. 

The " Ocean," No. 6, came with 45 members, accompanied 
by the Beverly Band. They wore red shirts, with dark pants, 
and uniform caps. This Company is from Danversport. 

The " General Foster" Engine Company, No. 7, appeared 
with 59 members, and two musicians. Their dress was a red 
jacket, with dark pantaloons, and a blue cap with a red band. 
This Company is located in South Danvers, near the Square, 
and its number has recently been changed to No. 2. 

Volunteer Company, No. 8, also of South Danvers, is located 
at the corner of Grove and Main Streets, near the Salem line. 
Its number has lately been changed to No. 4. It appeared on 
this occasion with 60 members, and Hall's Band of Boston, 
with 17 brass instruments. 

Their Engine made a gay appearance, being newly polished 
and varnished, and furnished with new leading ropes for this 
occasion. 



80 

It should be remarked, in acknowledgment of the zeal and 
public spirit of the Firemen, that the three full bands of music 
and other detached musicians were procured at the expense of 
the difierent Companies, and, although a Band was tendered 
to the Department by the Committee, the firemen generously 
yielded it up to the Chief Marshal, to be used in another part 
of the procession. 

The civic part of the procession, consisting of the Committee 
of Arrangements, the Municipal Authorities of the two towns, 
and the Trustees and Lyceum and Library Committee of the 
Peabody Institute, preceded the guests on foot. 

The two barouches, containing Mr. Peabody and the Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth, with their several associates, were 
followed by other carriages filled with gentlemen invited by 
the Committee. 



THE SCHOOLS. 

Next in order came the Public Schools. This most inter- 
esting and attractive display of more than Seventeen Hundred 
happy children, dressed in their gayest apparel, their faces 
radiant with joy, singing and shouting their welcomes to one 
they had been taught to esteem as their special benefactor, 
was a spectacle that could not but touch the hearts of all. All 
of them wore on their breasts the Peabody Badge, containing 
his portrait, and, as a motto, his world-renowned sentiment. 
Some of them al^o wore his own gift, the " Peabody Medal," 
as rewards of distinguished merit. Others were there who, 
year after year, are striving, with the impulse of a generous 
emulation, to deserve and obtain it. We could almost envy 
those who so proudly bore on that day this mark of honorable 
distinction. 

Feeling that no description would do justice to this very 
interesting part of the pageant, we shall only present a skele- 
ton account of the various schools, with the mottoes on the 
banners, and the names of the teachers and marshals : — 



31 

Chief Marshal for Schools, 

AMOS MERRILL. 

Aids. 
Alfred McKenzie, , Moses Curriek, 

Isaac Hardy, Jr., Edward Hutchinson. 

As.sistant Marshals. 
Peabody High School — Richard Smith, .1. W. Colcord. 
Hohen High School — Nath'l Hills, John A. Learoyd. 
District No. 1 — Wm. N. Lord, Dennis Moore, Charles E. Brown, 

L. P. Brickett, Moses K. Sawyer. 
District No. 2 — Jos Merrill, E. T. Waldron, John Hincs, Richard 

Hood, Putnam Webb, Henry Fowler, Bcnj. 

Young, Charles McTntire, John Elliott. 
District No. 3 — John A. Sears, Thomas M. Putnam. 
District No. 4 — Caleb S. Brown, Daniel M. Very. 
District No. 5— J. P. Goodale, Henry O. Wiley, F. E. Pope, 

Porter Nason. 
District No. 6 — 
District No. 7 — Beman Viles. 
District No. 8 — George Maddin, Chas. B. Warner, Daniel Stone, 

Adino Page. 
District No. 9— H. D. Twiss. 
District No. 10— John Smith. 
District No. 11— S. N. Mahew, Wm. S. Ladd, Thomas Wright, 

Edward Giddings, Samuel Swett, M. S. Clark. 
District No. 12 — Joshua Buxten, Jr., A. C. Osborn, Wm. Wolcott, 

O. S. Butler, B. F. Haskell. 
District No. 13 — Thomas Barnett, John Proctor, C. Melvin. 
District No. 14 — J. L. Peabody, Andrew Cook, John White, Tho's 

G. Howell. 

The Marshals were assisted in the care of the pupils by La- 
dies selected for that purpose from the several Districts, who 
rendered essential service. 



PEABODY HIGH SCHOOL. 

This school numbered 45 scholars, under the charge of Mr. J. W. 
Colcord and Miss L. R. Wright. First came the boys carrying a rich 
silk banner, green and white, handsomely fringed — on one side was 
inscribed the motto, — • 

"Education, a Debt due fkom Present to Future Geneeations." 

On obverse side, — 

Peabodt High School, 
South Danveks, founded 1850. 

Also four small banners, representing Agriculture, Commerce, Manu- 
factures, and the Mechanic Arts. Thirty-one young ladies dressed in 
white, wearing green hats with silver stars on the rim, with an American 



32 

flag worn as a scarf, representing the States of the Union, each carry- 
ing on a shield the coat of arms of the State represented. Three young 
ladies represented England, Ireland, and Scotland, being dressed in the 
national costume of those countries. The eflect was very beautiful. 



IIOLTEN HIGH SCHOOL. 

This school presented a brilliant appearance. Their tasteful and 
elegant costume was universally admired. The young ladies were 
attired in black waists and white skirts, with scarlet trimmings ; their 
heads were uncovered, and their hair elegantly dressed with velvet and 
flowers. The lads were distinguished by a red sash, which, passing 
over the left shoulder, was tied under the right arm, and on which the 
Peabody badge appeared conspicuous. As Mr. Peabody approached, 
each unfurled a flag not till then displayed ; and, being so arranged that 
the American and English colors alternated, the effect was very fine 
when, in honor of their transatlantic guest, the two were crossed, and, 
throughout their ranks, the stars and stripes mingled with the British 
cross. Their banner presented on one side, 

" HoLTEN High School, Danvers. We welcome our Benefactor;" 

and on the reverse — 

" One Generation shall Praise tuy Works to another." 



DISTRICT NUMBER ONE. 

Schools from District No. 1, under the charge of Mr. L. P. 
Brickett, Miss M. L. Shattuck, Miss S. H. Burt, Miss M. B. Harrington 
and Miss Helen Aborn. 243 scholars were in the procession from this 
school district. Boys wearing caps ; girls, hats, trimmed with blue rib- 
bon, arranged as follows — first, 

Boys of Grammar School, with a superb silk banner, blue and white, 
with the mottoes, 

" Common Schools. The Tree which our Fathers planted, we wjll 

Nourish and Protect." 

" True Merit our only Claim to Distinction." 

On reverse side, 

"Education, the Keystone in the Arch of Freedom." 

GirJs of Grammar School. 

Bflys of Wallis School, carryitig a banner, with the motto, 

" The Wallis School, a Standing Li«ht for this and futorb 
Generations." 
Girls of Wallis School. 

Primary School, in a handsome carriage beautifully decorated with 
evergreen, drawn by four horses. In the carriage was a banner, with 
the motto, 

"Wb come forth from our Happy Homes and Schools of Learning, to 
Greet on« Benefactor." 



33 

DISTRICT NUMBER TWO. 

District No. 2. Danversport Grammar School, taught by A. W. 
Mack, principal, with Aseneth A. Sawyer, assistant. 80 pupils repre- 
sented this school in the procession, with a beautiful banner, inscribed 
with the motto, 

"We owe him Gratitude; , 

We will not Repudiate ouk Debt." 

Primary School, No. 1. This school has been under the charge 
of Miss Sarah A. Osgood, about fourteen years, to the entire satisfac- 
tion of the District. 57 of her charge rode in a carriage drawn by 
four fine looking bay horses. 

Primary No. 2, kept by Miss Frances A. Bomer, sent 38 children, 
also in a carriage drawn by four noble bays. 
The banner of Primary No. 1, had this motto, 

" The Descendants in '56, 
Of the Patriots of '76." 

On the banner of Primary No. 2, was the motto, 

" HoNOH TO Whom Honor is due." 



DISTRICT NUMBER THREE. 

School District No. 3 was represented by 37 scholars, with their 
teacher, Mrs. Lydia S. Putnam, all riding in one carriage, (a barge on 
wheels,) drawn by four horses. 

There were two banners ; on the first was 

"Putnamville, No. 3, Danvers ;" 

On the reverse, in a wreath of evergreen, 

" Welcome ; " 

all wrought in evergreen with border of the same. On the sectond, 
with green ground with gilt letters and border, was 

" We GREET Thee with Jot." 
On the reverse, 

" Our Benefactor." 



DISTRICT NUMBER FOUR. 

The Banner of District No. 4 was of white cambric, bordered with 
evergreen and myrtle. On the lower pan was the representation of a 
Primary and High School, encircled with the leaves and fruit of the 
mitchella. Above, was the motto, 

"He leads to pleasant Fountains," 

surrounding the likeness of Mr. Pcabody, beautifully wreathed with myr- 
tle. On the other side of the banner was 

" District No. 4, Danvers." 



34 

Thirty-two scholars, under Miss S. E. Simonds, teacher. The 
scholars had each a bouquet of flowers. 



DISTRICT NUMBER FIVE. 

The Wj\dsworth School District No. 5, Danvers,* tauf^ht by 
A. J. Demoritt and E. F. Towne, comprising 120 pupils, formed no 
unimportant feature in the procession. Their uniformity of dress and 
orderly deportment could not fail to make an impression. Neither 
could we discover any traces of that once prevalent delusion common 
in " Salem Village," amid the happy band. 

The leading feature of this school was a banner, designed and exe- 
cuted by two young gentlemen, former pupils of the school, which, for 
taste, style, and beauty of execution, was unsurpassed by any in the 
procession. On the front, which was a white ground, was the single 
word in German text, of scarlet and silver, 

"Welcome." 
On the reverse, a blue ground, 

" Wadsworth School, 5." 

The Grammar School, numbering 80, followed on foot. The masters 
attired in their usual costume ; the misses dressed in white ; the first 
and second classes with hats trimmed with cherry ; the third and fourth 
were trimmed with pink, each scholar carrying a bouquet, which was 
gracefully thrown into the carriage, or strewn in the path of their 
benefactor. 

The Primary School, containing 40 pupils, arrayed in the same 
attire as the Grammar School which preceded them, rode in a car- 
riage, simply ornamented with evergreen and flowers. 



DISTRICT NUMBER SIX. 

Next in order came the School from District No. 6, under the charge 
of E. J. Swett, numbering 45 scholars ; the boys bearing a handsome 
silk banner, with the motto, 

"We still live to Leakn." 



DISTRICTS NUMBERS SEVEN AND NINE. 
These were followed by the Schools Nos. 7 and 9, united. No. 7, 
numbering 51 pupils, taught by Mary B. Hawkes. No. 9, 12 pupils. 
No. 7 carried a very neat banner, with the inscription 
" Welcome Home." 

* This District is full of historic interest. It was here the first settlement of tho 
town began. The first church was established on the spot now occupied by the 
Rev. Dr. Braman's society, and near this ancient and hallowed site that fatal delu- 
gion of the seventeenth century had its origin. The ancient landmarks and tokens 
of a former generation point to this place as having been among the earlier settle- 
mentj5 of the country. 

In times past, as in the present, the Professions have here been represented bj 
men of distinguished learning and ability ; among the former are the names of 
Holten and Wadsworth, men eminent in their day and profession. 



35 

No. 7 enclosed with 31 stars. Underneath, the words 

" Onward and Upward." 
On reverse side, 

" In God we trust. We rejoice to Greet you." 

The lettering and stars in gold leaf. The girls wore straw hats, 
trimmed with a wreath of evergreen, carrying a bouquet of flowers. 
Boys, each with a national flag. 



DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT. 

No. 8, numbering 130 scholars, comprising Grammar School, under 
the charge of Charles B. Warren ; First Primary, taught by Miss B. B. 
Davis ; Boston Road Primary, taught by Sarah F. Davis. The boys of 
these Schools wore black clothing, and caps uniformly trimmed with 
evergreen. The girls were dressed in white, with straw hats trimmed 
with evergreen. This is called the Rocks District. 

Arranged, 1st, Boys of Grammar School, carrying a silk banner 
with a handsome fringe, white on one side, with the word " Rocks" on 
the center. On the reverse, blue, with the mottoes — 

"Progress, the Spirit of our Fathers ; let us continue to revere it." 

On reverse, 

"Industry, Knowledge. Knowledge, the Power which Moves the 

World." 

2d. Girls of Grammar School. 
3d. Boys of Primary School. 
4th. Girls of Primary School. 
Banner, 

" We bid you Welcome." 

On the reverse, 

"Education, the Foundation of true Merit." 



DISTRICT NUMBER TEN. 

Next in order was the School from District No. 10, numbering 30 
scholars, taught by E. Newhall. Girls with pink hats and sashes ; 
boys with pink sashes, carrying a very neat and attractive banner, 
handsomely inscribed with the words, 

" We come small in Numbers, but with Hearts large with Gratitude." 

On reverse side, 

" Welcome, thrice Welcome, to your Native Town." 



DISTRICT NUMBER ELEVEN. 

District No. 11. The Grammar School, in charge of Mr. W. S. Ladd 
and Miss P. Needham, the Intermediate of Julia A. Page and Miss A. 



36 

Preston ; Primary, Miss E. A. Richardson ; number in procnssion, 240 
pupils. Boys wearing caps, dark pants and jackets ; girls with hats, 
trimmed with crimson ribbon. 

First came the boys of the Grammar School, cariying a leautiful 
silk banner, crimson and white, with gold colored fringe. On one side 
the words, 

" Wb will pat the Debt." 

On reverse side, the Peabody coat-of-arms. These were followed 
by Girls of Grammar School, Boys of Intermediate, Girls of Interme- 
diate, and closed by the Primary School in a splendid barge, drawn by 
six horses. This was a superb carriage, and this occasion the first 
time of its being used. It was a marked feature in the procession. A 
representation of it may be seen in the lithographed view of the Pea- 
body Institute. 

DISTRICT NUMBER TWELVE. 

No. 12, numbering 113 scholars; the Grammar School, taught by 
John F. Chase ; Primary, Julia A. Smith. The Boys wore caps 
trimmed with blue ribbon ; Girls, white muslin hats and blue ribbon. 

The Boys of Grammar School carried a splendid silk banner, with 
ihe inscription, 

" The Guest of South Danvers, George Peabody of London, oncb the 
Boy of Free Schools, now their Noble Benefactor." 

On reverse side, 

" Despise not the Day of Small Beginnings. 
Central Street, No. 12." 

The Primary School rode in a handsome boat carriage, drawn by 
jfour horses. 



DISTRICT NUMBER THIRTEEN. 

Danvers, No. 13, Primary School, 70 scholars, in two large car- 
riages, tastefully ornamented. In the center of their banner was an 
engraved likeness of Mr. Peabody, encircled with a beautiful wreath, 
surrounding which was the motto, 

" Wb will try to be like Him." 
Intermediate School, 58 scholars, on foot. More than half of them 
were Girls, each of whom carried a beautiful bouquet, which they 
threw into Mr. Peabody's carriage when he passed them. Their ban- 
ner, silver letters on a crimson ground. Motto, 

"Honor to whom Honor is due." 
Grammar School, 68 scholars, on foot, with a blue banner, richly 
gilded. Motto, 

"Hek Distinguished Sons and her Brightest Ornaments." 

Teacher of Primary School, Miss S. Dodge. 

" " Intermediate School, " H. Pope. 
" " Grammar School, " C. Melvin. 

»' " Holten High School, " N. Hills. 



37 

DISTRICT NUMBER FOURTEEN. 

School District No. 14, of Danvers, was represented by about 200 
children, in two divisions, of which the Grammar School formed one, 
and the Primary School the other. 

The last division occupied a large carriage, provided and fitted up 
for the occasion. In an arch that crowned the front of the carriage 
appeared in golden letters, the word 

" Welcome ;" 
while each side was adorned with appropriate mottoes. 

Each division, also, bore a tasteful banner, inscribed with mottoes 
and devices. The motto of the Grammar School was 

"He that CREATETII GoOD WiLL BETWEEN NATIONS SHALL BE EXALTED 

AMONG HIS People ;" 
and on the reverse, 

" Grammar School, No. 14, Danvexs." 

The banner o^the Primary School contained the motto, 

"Honor to the Pacificator of Nations;" 
and the reverse, 

"Primary School, No. 14, Danvers." 

Grammar School. Primary School. 

Miss Rlehitable Barker, Teacher. Miss M. E. Howes, Teacher. 

" Augusta Brown, " 

The Procession, as thus constituted, proceeded on its route, 
which was extended to the old Salem line, and countermarched 
at the Elm tree on Boston Street, which has so long been a 
noted landmark between the two towns. The procession, on 
its march, was more than a mile in length. We have attempt- 
ed to give, in detail, an account of the public and private dec- 
orations on the route, but this can give but a very inadequate 
idea of their effect to an observer in connection with the 
throngs of people in the streets, at the windows and balconies 
of the houses, and even on the housetops, while the procession 
was passing. Those who were the witnesses of the pageant 
may recall to mind the "pomp and circumstance," as well as 
the deeper emotions of sincere gratitude which marked the oc- 
casion. Those who were absent may only imagine the pic- 
ture presented by our gayly-dressed village, whose whole pop- 
ulation came out in their best attire, with beaming eyes and 
jubilant shouts, to greet their long-absent townsman. They 
must fancy the moving throngs, the dancing plumes, the 



38 

waving banners, the martial music, the floating pennons, and 
triumphal arches. They must also picture our illustrious guest, 
the cynosure of all eyes, the admiration of all hearts, as with 
dignity and grace he receives this tribute of a grateful people. 

Nor was this moving multitude confined to our own limited 
boundaries. Thousands of strangers from the neighboring 
cities and towns thronged our streets to swell the exultant 
shouts of welcome to one whose name is wider known as a 
pacificator between the people of distant but kindred nations, 
than as a benefactor of the place of his birth. Hundreds were 
here, drawn from distant cities, as well by personal obligation 
to him for his hospitalities, as by his renown as an American 
merchant of elevated standing in the world's commercial me- 
tropolis. The number present, including our own citizens, as 
participators in or spectators of the pageant, is variously esti- 
mated at from 20 to 30,000 persons. 



EXERCISES AT THE PEABODY INSTITUTE. 

As the procession approached the Institute where the public 
exercises of welcome were to take place, the military and mar- 
shals cleared an open space in front of the building, and the 
Firemen opening their ranks, the procession passed between 
them, the Committee and their guests occupying the elevated 
platform, and the Schools the enclosed grounds of the Insti- 
tute. Previous to ascending the platform, Mr. Peabody called 
at the residence of Eben Sutton, Esq., which is nearly oppo- 
site, and there met Mr. Everett. The meeting of these distin- 
guished men, whose intimate mutual friendship continued dur- 
ing the whole period of Mr. Everett's diplomatic career in 
London, was a warm and hearty greeting, and one of the 
pleasant incidents of the occasion. 

After the guests had taken their places on the platform, and 
order had been restored in the dense multitude before it, Hon. 
Alfred A. Abbott rose, and delivered the Address of Welcome, 
as follows : — 



39 



ALFRED A. ABBOTT'S ADDRESS. 

Friends and Fellow-Citizens : — 

In behalf of the Committee of Arrangements of the towns of 
Dan vers and South Dan vers, I greet you ! This great multi- 
tude, old men and young men, matrons and maidens, the chil- 
dren from our schools, the strangers that are within our gates, 
I greet you all ! Pleasantly this October sun smiles down 
upon our festival, and everything around seems hopeful and 
auspicious. May the end crown the work, and may this day's 
proceedings prove not only grateful to the heart of him whom 
we desire to honor, but promote the happiness and joy of all ! 

A few weeks since, information was received that Mr. 
George Peabody of London was about to revisit his native 
country. Whatever emotions may have been excited else- 
where by this news, there was no place where the feeling was 
so ardent, so deep, so spontaneous as here. In the first place 
we shared, equally, at least with others, the general respect for 
his public character and private virtues. With at least equal 
admiration we looked upon a long career of patient, persever- 
ing, successful effort, and over a whole life illuminated by the 
light of manly honor and christian charity. With certainly as 
much, of patriotic pride we regarded that constant endeavor to 
vindicate the honor of our country in foreign lands, to sustain 
the credit of the States, to make the American name respecta- 
ble abroad, and those unceasing labors, successful above aught 
that diplomacy or arms could accomplish, to strengthen the 
bonds of fellowship and love between two great and kindred 
nations, whose true interests and dearest hopes are and must 
forever be identical and one. 

But there was something above and beyond all this, and pe- 
culiar, fellow-citizens, to us. Here was Mr. Peabody's home. 
Here slumbered the honored dust of his fathers. Here, " na- 
tive and to the manor born," he passed his youth and the 
pleasant days of his early life. Here were many of those who 
had been his school-fellows and playmates. And when young 
ambition, and devotion to those whom misfortune had made 



40 

his dependents, and the first stirrings of that great energy, al- 
ready indicating the future triumph, led him forth to other 
and broader fields of labor, the eyes of his townsmen, like their 
prayers and best wishes, followed him ; and from that day to 
ihis, the events of his life and his whole career have been a 
part of the public and most treasnred property of the town. 
And all along, what returns have there been and how warmly 
has this regard been reciprocated. There has been no time 
when we have not been in George Peabody's debt. Separated 
from us by the wide ocean, living amid the whirl and roar of 
the world's metropolis, engrossed with the weightiest concerns, 
flattered and caressed by the titled and the great, that " heart, 
untravelled,'' has yet clung steadfast to its early love. "While, 
wherever his lot has been cast, every worthy object of charity 
and every beneficent enterprise has received his ready aid, in 
an especial manner has he remembered and endowed us. 
When fire desolated our village and swept away the sacred 
house where in childhood he listened to those truths which 
have been the guide and solace of maturer years, he helped to 
rebuild the rafters, and point again the spire to heaven. When 
a pious local pride would rear an enduring monument to the 
memory of our fathers, who fell in the first fight of the Revo- 
lution, it was his bounty, although he lived beneath the very 
shadow of the crown from which that revolution snatched its 
brightest jewel, that assisted in raising the granite pile, and 
transmitting to future ages the names and heroic deeds of our 
venerated martyrs. So when, advancing a new step in the 
cause of public education, this town established two High 
Schools for the better culture of its youth, it was his untiring 
generosity that awoke new life, and kindled fresh desire for 
knowledge, by ordaining a system of prize medals, carefully 
discriminating and judicious, and which will embalm his name 
in the affections of unborn generations of youthful scholars. 
And lastly, when, four year ago, the town of Danvers celebrat- 
ed the Centenary of its municipal life, it was the same con- 
stant, faithful friend that sent to our festival that noble senti- 
ment, " Education — a debt due from present to future genera- 



41 

tions," — and, iu payment of his share of that debt, gave " to 
the inhabitants of the town," a munificent sum "for the pro- 
motion of knowledge and morality among them." Since that 
day his bounty has not spared, but has flowed forth unceasing- 
ly, until the original endowment has been more than doul)led, 
and until here, upon this spot, is founded an Institution of 
vast inunediate good, and whose benefits and blessings for 
future years, and upon the generations yet to come, no man 
can measure. 

Such are some of the reasons why the news of Mr. Pea- 
body's contemplated visit to this country was received with 
peculiar emotions here, — why every heart was warmed, — why 
all the people with one accord desired to see his face and hear 
his voice, — and why the towns of Danvers and South Dan- 
vers, in their corporate capacities and in obedience to the pop- 
ular will, extended to him, on his arrival upon our shores, an 
invitation to visit their borders. That invitation he accepted. 
Denying all others he cheerfully embraced this. And now, 
to-day, we have come forth to meet and greet him. And to- 
day he has come — and here he stands, our distinguished 
countryman, our beloved townsman, our noble benefactor and 
friend ! 

And now, Sir, what shall I say to you? and how shall I 
declare the sentiments and express the feelings of those in 
whose behalf I speak? Look upon the scene before you! 
This great throng, ready to break into tumult with joy, yet 
calm with the stillness of deep emotion, — these thousands of 
uplifted faces, every countenance radiant and beaming, as every 
heart is throbbing, with gratitude and love, — this and these 
are more expressive than any words of mine, and silence on 
my part would be more eloquent than speech. The mo t that 
I can do, Sir, is to bid you welcome ! And how feeble 
seems the utterance of the mere word in contrast with the 
living realization of its deep meaning. From the moment you 
came within our limits to this hour, in every street, at every 
corner, at almost every dwelling, and in every face, you have 
witnessed its expression. And although, Sir, we are unable 



42 

to display the pomp of great cities or royal pageantry, yet I 
doubt not that the honest affection which has prompted our 
humble endeavors has touched the manly, loving heart which 
no rude conflicts with the world have been able to harden, and 
which beats alike and ever true within the courts of kings 
and in its humble village home. 

You cannot, Sir, as you liave passed along, have failed to 
notice the changes which have taken place in our midst during 
the twenty years of your absence. Wonderful as has been 
the progress of the whole country in material prosperity, there 
are few places which have advanced so steadily and rapidly as 
your native town. In all that goes to make up a prosperous 
and thriving community, its growth has been constant and 
great. Its population and valuation have increased nearly 
three-fold, and the wealth of which this valuation is but a 
modest estimate, is generally, with substantial equality, dif- 
fused. There is here no necessary poverty or want. Industry 
is sure to win success, and labor to receive a just reward. All 
enjoy in a good degree the common comforts of life, and con- 
tent and happiness dwell within our borders. And all this is 
because moral and intellectual progress have kept pace with 
material advancement. Religion and education have gone on 
hand in hand, and our whole favored New England does not 
boast a more virtuous and intelligent people. 

You cannot, Sir, but have felt, as we too sadly feel, that 
there have been other changes. Time, while it ripens, leads 
also to decay. Such is our mortal life that there is no cup of 
joy that is not dashed with tears. Many of those, the friends 
of your youth, and the loved ones of early days, whose eyes 
desired this sight, whose voices would have led our welcome, 
and whose arms would have been extended to embrace you, 
have passed away. Within sight of where we now stand 
dwelt him who was your earliest patron and friend, — who to 
the end of his life walked uprightly before God and man, — 
whose treasured joy it was that in your exalted prosperity he 
still retained your affectionate regard, and who, bending be- 
neath the burden of nearly fourscore years, went down to the 



43 

grave invoking blessings on your head. Nor can I forget to- 
day that distinguished citizen, that noble man, who, when the 
foundations of this edifice were laid, helped place the corner- 
stone, and standing here before our people as your familiar 
friend, poured forth a tribute of praise that gave a new im- 
pulse to the love we bore you, and endeared him forever in 
our hearts. He, too, has gone, — but the memory of Abbott 
Lawrence will live so long as honorable deeds, and manly vir- 
tues, and christian charity are treasured among men. 

As the hour hastens on there are many thoughts of mingled 
joy and sadness which throng upon the mind, but for me to 
unfold which neither the occasion would justify, nor time 
permit. 

I must close. Sir, where I began, by bidding you, in the 
name and on behalf of those whom I represent, a hearty wel* 
come ! 

I welcome you to your native town, to the place of your 
birth, to the abode of your youth, to the ground sacred as the 
repository of precious dust, to the spot hallowed by all the 
tender ties and touching associations of family and home ! 

I welcome you to the renewed fellowship of those of your 
early friends whom a kind Providence has spared to see this 
day, to the respect and gratitude of all your townsmen whom 
your name has distinguished and your bounty has blessed, to 
the tender love and pious prayers of the children among whose 
first lessons it has been to learn to lisp the name of their gen- 
erous benefactor ! 

Lastly, I welcome you to this noble Institution, whose walls 
you have reared, and whose portals you have opened for the 
promotion of knowledge and morality ! Long may it flourish, 
and truly may it fulfil its glorious mission ! 

And when you, too, shall have passed away, and all that 
now live have returned to the dust, and down to latest times, 
may it stand, the cherished and imperishable monument to 
your memory and name ! 

And now, Sir, reverently I invoke it, God's blessing be upon 
you! 



44 



At times, during the delivery of this Address, Mr. Peabody 
seemed greatly affected. At its conclusion, the pupils of the 
Holten High School sung, in a touching and beautiful manner, 
"Home Again," to the following words : — 

HOME AGAIN. 

■WRITTEN BY MISS ANNE L. PAQK 

Welcome Home ! Welcome Home ! 

From a foreign shore ; 
And Oh ! it fills our souls with joy, 

That you are here once more. 
Though face and form to us are strange, 

We love the heart of truth, 
Whose years of absence could not dim 

The memories of its youth. 

Welcome Home, &c. 

Noble hearts in other lands 

Have known and tried your worth ; 
And 'tis a joyous thing for us, 

That here you had your birth. 
Oh, ne'er can time or change efface 

What you to us have been. 

And grateful hearts, in future years, 

„ Shall keep your memory green. 

Welcome Home, &c. 

Mr. Peabody then made the following response to Mr. 
Abbott's Address : — 

MR. PEABODY'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. Abbott and Fellow-Townsmen : — 

I have listened to your eloquent words of welcome with 
the most intense emotions, and return you for them my warm- 
est acknowledgments. My heart tells me that this is no common 
occasion. This vast gathering, comprising many old associ- 
ates, their children and their grandchildren, to welcome me to 
the home of my childhood, almost unmans me. Though 
Providence has granted me an unvaried and unusual success 
in the pursuit of fortune in other lands, I am still, in heart, the 
humble boy who left yonder unpretending dwelling, many — 
very many years ago. 



45 

I have felt it necessary to decline many proffered hospitali- 
ties, but I could not resist the impulse which prompted me to 
accept yours, and to revisit the scenes once so familiar, to take 
you again by the hand, and to tell you how it rejoices my 
heart to see you. 

You can scarcely imagine how the changes to Avhich you 
have referred impress me. You have yourselves grown up 
with them, and have gradually become familiarized with all; 
but to me, who have been so long away, the effect is almost 
astounding. It is gratifying to find, however, that these trans- 
formations have gone hand in hand with your prosperity and 
improvement. 

The solitary fields which were the scenes of my boyish 
sports now resound with the hum of busy labor; and the spirit 
of improvement, not content with triumph on land, has even 
converted Foster's millpond into solid ground, and made it the 
scene of active enterprise. 

But time has also wrought changes of a painful nature. Of 
those 1 left, the old are all gone. A few of the middle aged 
remain, but old and infirm, while the active population consists 
almost entirely of a new generation. 

I now revert to a more pleasing theme, and call your atten- 
tion to the brightest portion of the picture of the day. 

One of the most pleasing and touching incidents of this 
morning, is the large number of scholars who have come forth 
to bid me welcome, and who now surround me. In address- 
ing a few words to you, my dear young friends, I would bid 
you remember that but a few years will elapse before you will 
occupy the same position towards your own children which 
your parents now hold towards yourselves. The training you 
are now receiving is a precious talent, for the use or abuse of 
which each will, on a future day, be called upon to give a 
severe account. May you then be ready to render up that 
talent with "usury." There is not a youth within the sound 
of my^ voice whose early opportunities and advantages are not 
very much greater than Avere my own, and I have since 
achieved nothing that is impossible to the most humble boy 



46 

among you. I hope many a great and good man may arise 
from among the ranks of Danvers boys assembled here to-day. 
Bear in mind, however, that to be truly great it is not necessa- 
ry that you should gain wealth and importance. Every boy 
may become a great man, in whatever sphere Providence may 
call him to move. 

Steadfast and undeviating truth, fearless and straightforward 
integrity, and an honor ever unsullied by an unworthy word 
or action, make their possessor greater than worldly success or 
prosperity. These qualities constitute greatness ; without 
them you will never enjoy the good opinion of others or the 
approbation of a good conscience. 

To my young female friends I would say, — Remember that 
there have been, and are, great women as well as great men ; 
great in their domestic graces, as daughters, as wives and as 
mothers ; and I trust that future times may record many a 
name so distinguished, whose seeds of good were sown within 
this town, and allow me to hope that my eye now rests upon 
some of them. 

May the advice I have given you be impressed upon your 
young hearts. It is given with great sincerity by one who 
has had much experience in the world ; and although Provi- 
dence has smiled upon all his labors, he has never ceased to 
feel and lament the want of that early education, which is 
now so freely offered to each one of you. This is the first 
time we have met ; it may prove the last, but while I live I 
shall ever feel a warm interest in your welfare. God bless 
you all ! 

During the delivery of both these Addresses there were fre- 
quent expressions of applause ; but the solemn stillness, the up- 
turned faces, and, above all, the swelling hearts and moistened 
eyes of the listening throng, were more expressive of deep 
emotion than the loudest plaudits could have shown. 



LiSRARY 



S.C, LENOX AND 
T,,DEN FOUNDAT»OH8. 








Litkli-y J.H.B-afford. 



kHX^A ERECTED BY THE WEBSTER CLUI 

MAIN ST. S.OftNVEB'" 



THE DINNER. 



After the conclusion of the exercises of the Reception the 
Chief Marshal formed a procession of the guests and holders 
of tickets to the Dinner, and proceeded under escort through 
Washington Street to J. B. Smith's large Pavilion, which was 
finely decorated for the occasion, where tables were laid for 
about 1500 guests. It was an orderly and brilliant gathering. 
A large number of ladies were present, whose beauty and intel- 
ligence gave an additional charm to the festivities. 

When the company were seated, Hon. Robert S. Daniels, 
President of the Day, introduced the Chaplain, Rev. Mr. 
Murray, who is the successor of Rev. Mr. Walker, with whose 
religious society the family of Mr. Peabody was connected 
when he resided here. After the repast, Mr. Daniels arose and 
delivered the following speech : — 

Hon. ROBERT S. DANIELS' ADDRESS. 
Ladies and Gentlemen : 

When we gathered within the Peabody Institute, on the day 
it was consecrated to the great and good object of promoting 
knowledge and morality, and listened to the stirring eloquence 
and wise suggestions of the gifted orator of the occasion, we 
well supposed that it was the crowning glory of our history 
and the brightest memento of our own times which would be 
transmitted to posterity ; but the transactions and associations 
of this day will impart new lustre and add fresh beauty to all 
we have heretofore hoped and done. 

This may be truly said to be an occasion of rare occurrence 



48 

and micommon interest. It takes deep hold upon the feelings 
of all the inhabitants of the town, of wliatever age or circum- 
stance. 

We assemble here to-day a united people, with one mind 
and heart, and that heart throbbing with the purest impulses of 
joy and gratitude. And why all this outbreak of popular feel- 
ing, this unusual gathering of learning and talent, beauty and 
fasliion, of age and youth, and every countenance indicating 
that it is the willing tribute of the heart ? 

There is not here any great conqueror crowned with laurels, 
fresh from the victorious battle-field, to receive our homage. 
We are not here to do honor to any of our distinguished states- 
men, but on the other hand, some of them are present to mingle 
their voices and praises with ours. It is not for any such ob- 
jects as these, that our whole population is to-day, and has 
been for weeks, moved with an earnestness and enthusiasm 
heretofore unknown. 

But it is for the sole and single purpose to welcome home, 
after an absence of more than twenty years, one of our own 
citizens to his native land and the scenes of his youth. And 
although he has been living and associating during the whole 
period of his absence with the nobles of a foreign country, he 
has no titles, nor is he graced with the insignia of office, but is 
sim])ly a private gentleman with an American heart, warmly 
attached to the land of his birth, with strong feelings and aspi- 
rations for her honor and prosperity. 

And why this public and spontaneous greeting of a private, 
unostentatious individual ? The response to this question can 
be given by any one or all of you, and by thousands throughout 
the country. It is for his high standing for integrity and honor 
as an American merchant — for his unbounded hospitality, and 
unlimited benevolence in private charities, and public benefac- 
tions — and his unceasing efTorts to promote free and social 
intercourse among the citizens of our own country and the 
people of the land of his residence. 

In times of commercial distress he has exerted great influence 
in sustaining the credit of our country. He has ever been on 



49 

the sfde of peace, and his high position, elevated character, and 
great resources, have enabled him to do much towards main- 
taining amicable relations between England and America. The 
performance of any one of these high duties would command 
our respect — and when we find an individual who has per- 
formed them all, it is easy to account for the desire of the 
people to do him honor. 

To his commercial character, in all its relations, our great 
cities, through their distinguished merchants, have borne the 
most ample testimony, and the recipients of his noble hospi- 
tality are scattered all over our great and growing country. Of 
his benevolence and liberality we can point you to a standing 
monument which will outlast us all, and scatter its beautiful 
fruits all the way down through generations yet unborn. I 
allude to the Peabody Institute : of the details of its operation 
1 do not propose to speak. The institution itself is known 
throughout our country — its foundation, its history, its success, 
and its beneficial effects, are before the world. 

It has been said by a friend of Mr. Peabody, that it is the 
best investment he ever made — not that it will add to his 
already abundant wealth, but it is the inward joy and constant 
pleasure that the true philanthropist feels, when he knows that 
his efforts to benefit and bless his fellow-beings have been suc- 
cessful, that will add a large per cent, to the sweets and hopes 
of life, and cast a halo of glory around the memories which it 
awakens. 

It is now more than forty years since Mr. Peabody was a 
resident of this town, and many and great are the changes 
which have taken place during that period. Many of them are 
of a pleasing character ; some of them, however, which are the 
result of the universal law of nature, will be remembered with 
sorrow. And I would ask, with reference to these changes, in 
the language of Scripture — "The fathers, where are they?" 
They are all gone. Their seats in oiu' halls and in our churches 
are all vacant. The active business men of that day have all 
passed from time to eternity. 
4 



50 

The population of Danvers at that period was about three 
thousand : now more than ten thousand. We then had but 
two churches, we now have nine. The salaries paid the min- 
isters were about cue thousand dollars : now estimated at ten 
thousand. We then had but two or three public schoolhouses ; 
now some fifteen, and a number of them large and costly 
buildings, and thronged with hundreds of happy children. We 
then apj)ropriated about two thousand dollars for their support : 
now about ten thousand, and are trying to pay " the debt due 
from present to future generations." Our old public avenues 
are filled with dwellings and stores; many new streets have 
been located and built upon. The power of steam was then 
almost unknown. Railroads are now laid in all directions 
through our town, and almost thirty trains per day pass through 
this village. We then had no banks and no post offices : we 
now have three banks and four post offices, and I feel warranted 
in stating that the business of the town would show a greater 
increase than anything else. 

Mr. Peabody left this place about the period I have named, 
with no capital but a good character, and his inherent energy 
and firm resolve. He now returns to us under circumstances 
known to you all, — his unparalleled success has not blotted 
from his memory his old home and his old friends. The elo- 
quent welcome given this morning meets a response from every 
heart. The impressions made to-day will never fade from the 
memory of the youngest person present, but will entwine 
themselves around all our hearts, and be rehearsed by our 
children's children as incentives to guide them in the paths of 
virtue and honor. 

In conclusion, I propose the following sentiment : 

" A cordial and hearty welcome to the distinguished citizen, eminent merchant, 
and public benefactor." 

Amid the most enthusiastic cheers, Mr. Peabody then arose 
and spoke as follows : — 



51 



MR. PEABODY'S ADDRESS. 

Mr. Chaikman, Ladies and Gentlf.men : — 

The reception you have given me to-day, and especially this 
enthusiastic greeting, overpowers me. Few boys ever left a 
New England town under circumstances more humble than I 
did. None could return more honored — honored, too, where 
honor is said not to be usual — in his own country, and among 
his own kindred. I feel proud as well as grateful at these 
testimonials, so far beyond my merits, but so gratifying to my 
heart, and which I shall ever esteem the greatest honor of my 
life. 

You have alluded, Mr. Chairman, to my course as a mer- 
chant. Heaven has been pleased to reward my efforts with 
success, and has permitted me to establish, through my own 
exertions, a house in the great metropolis of England, which, 
I think my mercantile friends here present will bear me out 
in saying, sustains a high character and credit throughout the 
world. Coming back to the home of my childhood, I hon- 
estly confess that I feel great pride in this, and I do not be- 
lieve that you will accuse me of egotism in saying so. I have 
endeavored, in the constitution of its members and the char- 
acter of its business, to make it an American House, and to 
give it an American atmosphere : to furnish it with American 
journals ; to make it a center for American news, and an agree- 
able place for my American friends visiting London. That I 
have partially succeeded in doing so, I think I may reasonably 
conclude, from the flattering testimonials which I have re- 
ceived since my arrival in this country. 

You have also been pleased to allude to my humble efforts 
to promote good feeling between Great Britain and the United 
States, by increasing the social intercourse between my Eng- 
lish and American friends. That a cordial alliance ought to 
exist between these two countries, founded on social inter- 
course and personal friendships, as well as mutual interests, is 
an opinion which I share with most persons who have had the 



52 

opportunity to see both. I am happy, indeed, if my humble 
efforts liave aided in promoting such good feeluig. If there 
are two nations on the face of the earth which ought to be con- 
nected by tlie closest ties of mutual good will, they are these 
two countries. It is not in the language ordinarily used that 
I point to the similarity in their institutions, their laws, their 
language, and their commercial interests. The exports of this 
country to Great Britain are larger than to all the world be- 
sides ; the exports from Great Britain to this country, though 
not relatively so large, are on an equally gigantic scale. A 
monetary crisis in one country is generally followed by like 
results in the other. A change in financial policy on the one 
i>ide is met by a responsive change on the other. The jour- 
nals of each country reflect, at length, each other's views and 
sentiments. 

Out of this very intimacy of relations there grows frequent 
cause of difference ; but I am sure that, nowithstanding the 
little outbursts of jealousy which occasionally show themselves, 
England is not less proud of her offspring than is America of the 
parent stock. I can assure you that, from the universally be- 
loved Q.ueen who rules those realms, down to her humblest 
subject, one feeling of good will towards this country prevails. 
[Enthusiastic applause, long continued.] I say this with the 
greater confidence, since I see around me many gentlemen who 
have had the opportunity to see for themselves whether these 
things are so. To none can I appeal more confidently than to 
you, Sir, [turning to Mr. Everett,] who have filled the most im- 
portant office, abroad, in the gift of our government, with so 
much honor to your own country, and so much satisfaction to 
those to whom you were accredited. I have been reminded 
to-day that one, who followed worthily in the footsteps of my 
friend on the left, has passed away. The corner stone of the 
Peabody Institute was laid by Abbott Lawrence ; but, before it 
was completed, his pure spirit had left this world. I admired 
him for his practical talents ; I respected him for his virtues, 
and I loved him as a friend. Like myself, he was convinced 
of the great importance of conciliation, forbearance, and mu- 



53 

tual good will between England and America. During his 
whole mission he labored earnestly to cultivate these feelings, 
and I take a melancholy pleasure in adding my humble tribute 
to his memory, in testifying not only to the profuseness of his 
own hospitalities, and the constancy of his own labors to these 
ends, but to the heartiness and zeal with which he cooperated 
in my more humble efforts. The memory of such a man as 
Abbott Lawrence is doubly blessed. 

Allow me to conclude by proposing a toast : 

Our old town of Danvers, as it was constituted in 1752 — May she know none but 
CIVIL divisions. 

And, in connection with this sentiment, permit me to ex- 
press a hope that the Peabody Institute, as it was established 
in 1852, as it exists now, and as it shall hereafter exist, may 
prove a perpetual bond to unite the towns of Danvers and 
South Danvers. [Great cheering.] 

The President then offered : — 

The CommomoeaJth of Massacliusells — Iler present position is as honorable for insti- 
tutions of charity and benevolence as her former history is replete with patriotism. 

His Excellency Governor Gardner responded as follows: — 

GOV. GARDNER'S RESPONSE. 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: — 

I always approach a speech of any kind, and especially an 
after-dinner speech, with a great deal of reluctance. So foreign 
is it to my education and experience in early life, I always dread 
it ; and if ever, more especially now, here, on this occasion, sur- 
rounded as I am by the flower of Essex, and not only of Es- 
sex, but of New England, and not of New England alone, but 
of the United States, — seeing before me, as I do, representa- 
tives not only of the press of Boston, but of New York, of 
Philadelphia, Cincinnati, aye, and from across the ocean wa- 
ters, of the press of the Old World, [cheers] — seeing around 
me and by me those whose eloquence you are wont to listen 
to and hang upon with delight, I may well dread being called 
on to say one word ; and yet I am glad to respond to that sen- 



54 

timent, in honor of the good, noble, illustrious, dear old State 
of Massachusetts [loud applause] — a State which was the birth- 
place of most of us, which is the home of all our affections, 
where is centered and gathered together all that we hold dear 
in this life, where repose the ashes of our ancestors, and where, 
some day, we fondly hope our own may be peacefully laid 
beside them. 

In response to a sentiment complimentary to Massachusetts, 
I am always proud to raise my voice ; and responsive to this 
allusion, in honor of her Institutions, I think to-day, in this 
presence, an answer may be peculiarly fitting. I have never 
before participated in an occasion of this kind. Where was 
there one ? A young man — with no other capital, as you well 
said, but his hands and his integrity, going abroad across the 
waters, unheralded and unknown — by his own industry and 
integrity distinguishing himself among his fellows, and in the 
good gifts of Providence showered upon him every hour of 
every year, seeking how he might benefit his countrymen at 
home — [cheers] rendering his name illustrious, also, for his 
princely hospitality, — and his commercial house to which you 
refer, a proverb upon the marts and commercial highways of 
nations — to see such an one return, so honored and so beloved, 
to the scene of his birth, is indeed a new and interesting 
event. 

But I cannot, I will not detain you. I cannot, however, but 
refer to one circumstance in the career of your distinguished 
guest, which makes me peculiarly proud, and feel deeply hon- 
ored now to address him. He is a merchant ; he belongs to 
that fraternity, to which my own humble life and services 
have been devoted. It has not the glittering attraction of the 
warrior, whose fame can be carved out by his sword upon the 
battle-field ; it has not, ladies and gentlemen, that attraction, 
which he, who spreads abroad the glad tidings to all nations, 
finds in his profession ; it has not the attraction of legal or of 
political excitement ; it has not, necessarily — though there are 
many exceptions — it has not, I say, necessarily, that connection 
with the cultivation of the intellect, the improvement of the 



55 

mind, which the learned professions, so called, always require. 
But, Sir, you and I know it has its pride and its value. 
There must be patient attention to petty details, to exacting, 
minute transactions ; there must be great and careful and pru- 
dent attention ])aid to them all, hour after hour, and day after 
day : but when the successful result is reached, there is a com- 
pensation in that very success itself, and high honor in the 
means by which it has been attained. 

And, Sir, in your career there is much that the young 
merchants of Massachusetts can profit by. In the first place, 
they can take a lesson from that integrity of purpose, of 
which we all to-day have read upon banner, upon house, 
upon staff, and upon the faces, and in the words of our 
citizens. We can see, too, in your career where the syren 
Hope, in early days, beckoned you where deeper waters ran, 
and pointed to the furled sail at the mast head, how you stood 
resolutely on in your own path of duty, and defied the syren 
song ; there is in that a lesson for the young merchants of 
Massachusetts to remember. [Cheers.] 

But further, beyond and above all this, when Providence in 
His mercy has filled your treasury to overflowing, when you 
have reached the goal of all your anticipations, all you ever 
could have hoped or desired, — aye, there is a lesson, my 
friends, for the young and the old merchants all to bear in 
mind as to the manner in which those rich rewards have been 
distributed. [Loud cheers.] 

I feel, my friends, I have detained you too long. As a mer- 
chant, I am proud to meet our distinguished guest ; as a citizen 
of Massachusetts I am glad to greet him ; and in response to 
your sentiment commemorative and approving the institutions 
of our Commonwealth, I would welcome back to his home, 
him who has done so much by his liberality to benefit the 
institutions of learning within our borders. [Loud cheers.] 

The next n gular sentiment was read by Hon. George Os- 
borne, one of the Vice-Presidents, who acted astoast-master : 

England and A merica —Pidchra mater — pidchrior Jilia — long may they flourish ifl 
the bonds of peace, rivals only in their efforts to civilize and Christianize the world. 



56 

The Chairman having called upon Mr. Everett to respond 
to this toast, that gentleman spoke substantially as follows: — 

SPEECH OF HON. EDWARD EVERETT. 

Mr. President : — 

I suppose you have called upon me to respond to this inter- 
esting toast, chiefly because I filled a few years ago a place 
abroad, which made me in some degree the associate of your 
distinguished guest, in the kindly office of promoting good will 
between the two great branches of the Anglo-Saxon or Anglo- 
Norman race (for I do not think it matters much by which 
name you call it,) "the fai? mother and the fairer daughter," 
to which the toast alludes. At all events, I had much oppor- 
tunity, during my residence in England, to witness the hon- 
orable position of Mr. Peabody in the commercial and social 
circles of London ; his eff"orts to make the citizens of the two 
countries favorably known to each other ; and generally that 
course of life and conduct, which has contributed to procnre 
him the well-deserved honors of this day, and which shows 
that he fully enters into the spirit of the sentiment just pro- 
pounded from the chair. 

To the prayer of that sentiment, Sir, I fully respond, desir- 
ing nothing more ardently in the foreign relations of the coun- 
try, than that these two great nations may be rivals only in 
their eff'orts to promote the welfare and improvement of man- 
kind. They have already done, they are now doing much, at 
home and abroad, to promote that end by the arts of peace. 
Whenever they cooperate they can sweep everything before 
them; — when they are at variance, when they pull opposite 
ways, it is the annihilation of much of the moral power of both. 
Whenever England and America combine their influence in 
promoting a worthy object, it moves forward like a vessel pro- 
pelled by the united force of wind and steam ; but when they 
are in conflict with each other, it is like the struggle of the 
toiling engine against the opposing tempest. It is well if the 
laboring vessel holds her own ; there is danger if the steam 
prevails that she may be crowded under the mountain waves, 



57 

or, if the storm gains the mastery, that she may drift upon 
the rocks. 

It is very obvions to remark, on this occasion, and on this 
subject, while you are offering a tribute of respect to a distin- 
guished man of business, that these two great nations, which 
are doing so much for the advancement of civilization, are the 
two leading commercial nations of the world ; that they have 
carried navigation and commerce to a height unknown before. 
And this consideration, Sir, will serve to justify you and your 
fellow-citizens, if they need justification, for the honors you 
are bestowing upon the guest of the day, as it will the other 
communities in different parts of the country, which have been 
desirous of joining in snnilar public demonstrations of respect. 
■Without wishing to disparage the services which command 
your respect and gratitude, in the walks of political, military, 
or literary life, it is natural that, in a country like the United 
States, wliere commerce is so important an interest, you should 
be prompt to recognize distinguished merit in the commercial 
career; a career of which, when pursued with diligence, sagac- 
ity, enterprise, integrity and honor, I deem it not too much to 
say, that it stands behind no other in its titles to respect and 
consideration ; as I deem it not too much to say of commerce 
in its largest comprehension, that it has done as much in all 
time, and is now doing as much, to promote the general cause 
of civilization, as any of the other great pursuits of life. 

Trace its history for a moment from the earliest period. In 
the infancy of the world its caravans, like gigantic silk worms, 
went creeping, with their innumerable legs, through the arid 
wastes of Asia and Africa, and bound the human family to- 
gether in those vast regions as they bind it together now. Its 
colonial establishments scattered the Grecian culture all round 
the shores of the Mediterranean, and carried the adventurers of 
Tyre and Carthage to the north of Europe and the south of 
Africa. The walled cities of the middle ages prevented the 
arts and refinements of life from being trampled out of exist- 
ence under the iron heel of the feudal powers. The Hanse 
Towns were the bulwark of liberty and property in the north 



68 

and west of Europe for ages. The germ of the representative 
system sprang from the municipal franchises of the boroughs. 
At the revival of letters, the merchant princes of Florence re- 
ceived the fugitive arts of Greece into their stately palaces. 
The spirit of commercial adventure produced that movement 
in the fifteenth century which led Columbus to America, and 
Vasco di Gama around the Cape of Good Hope. The deep 
foundations of the modern system of international law were 
laid in the interests and rights of commerce, and the necessity 
of protecting them. Commerce sprinkled the treasures o( the 
newly-found Indies throughout the western nations ; it nerved 
the arm of civil and religious liberty in the Protestant world ; 
it gradually extended the colonial system 'of Europe to the 
ends of the earth, and with it the elements of future inde- 
pendent, civilized, republican governments. 

But why should we dwell on the past? What is it that 
gives vigor to the civilization of the present day but the world- 
wide extension of commercial intercourse, by which all the 
products of the earth and of the ocean — of the soil, the mine, 
of the loom, of the forest — of bounteous nature, creative art, 
and untiring industry, are brought by the agencies of com- 
merce into the imiversal market of demand and supply. No 
matter in what region, the desirable product is bestowed on 
man by a liberal Providence, or fabricated by human skill. 
It may clothe the hills of China with its fragrant foliage ; it 
may glitter in the golden sands of California; it may wallow 
in the depth of the Arctic seas; it may ripen and whiten on 
the fertile plains of the sunny South ; it may spring forth 
from the flying shuttles of Manchester in England or Man- 
chester in America — the great world-magnet of commerce at- 
tracts it all alike, and gathers it all up for the service of man. 
I do not speak of English commerce or American commerce. 
Such distinctions enfeeble our conceptions. I speak of com- 
merce in the aggregate — the great ebbiiig and flowing tides of 
the commercial world — the great gulf-streams of traffic which 
flow round from hemisphere to hemisphere, the mighty trade- 
winds of commerce which sweep from the old world to the 



59 

new, — that vast aggregate system which embraces the whole 
family of man, and brings the overflowing treasures of nature 
and art into kindly relation with human want, convenience 
and taste. 

In carrying on this system, think for a moment of the stu- 
pendous agencies that are put in motion. Think for a mo- 
ment of all the ships that navigate the sea. An old Latin 
poet, who knew no waters beyond those of the Mediterranean 
and Levant, says that the man must have had a triple casing of 
oak and brass about his bosom who first trusted his frail bark 
on the raging sea. How many thousands of vessels, laden by 
commerce, are at this moment navigating, not the narrow seas 
frequented by the ancients, but these world encompassing 
oceans! Think next of the mountains of brick, and stone, 
and iron, built up into the great commercial cities of the world; 
and of all the mighty works of ancient and modern contrivance 
and structure, — the moles, the lighthouses, the bridges, the ca- 
nals, the roads, the railways, the depth of mines, the titanic 
force of enginery, the delving ploughs, the scythes, the reap- 
ers, the looms, the electric telegraphs, the vehicles of all de- 
scriptions, which directly or indirectly are employed or put in 
motion by commerce ; and last, and most important, the mil- 
lions of human beings that conduct, and regulate, and combine 
these inanimate, organic, and mechanical forces. 

And now. Sir, is it anything less than a liberal profession, 
which carries a quick intelligence, a prophetic forecast, an ifi- 
dnstry that never tires, and, more than all, and above all, a 
stainless probity beyond reproach and beyond suspicion, into 
this vast and complicated system, and by the blessing of Prov- 
idence, works out a prosperous result ? Sncli is the vocation 
of the merchant — the man of business — pursued in many de- 
partments of foreign and domestic trade — of finance, of ex- 
change — but all comprehended under the general name of 
commerce ; all concerned in v.^eaving the mighty network of 
mutually beneficial exchanj^es which enwraps the world. 

I know there is a shade to this bright picture: where among 
the works or the fortunes of men shall we find one that is all 



60 

sunlight ? Napoleon the First thought he had said enough to 
disparage England when he had pronounced her a nation of 
shopkeepers ; and we Americans are said hy some of our own 
writers to be slaves of the almighty dollar. But these are sal- 
lies of national hostility, or the rebukes which a stern moral 
sense rightly administers to the besetting sins of individuals or 
communities. Every pursuit in life, however, has its bright 
and its dark phase ; every pursuit may be followed in a gener- 
ous spirit for honorable ends, or in a mean, selfish, corrupt 
spirit, beginning and ending in personal gratification. But 
this is no more the case with the commercial than any other 
career. What more different than the profession of the law, 
as pursued by the upright coiuisellor, who spreads the shield 
of eternal justice over your life and fortune, and the wicked 
pettifogger who drags you through the thorns and brambles of 
vexatious litigation ? What more different than the beloved 
physician, the sound of whose soft footstep, as he ascends 
your staircase, carries hope and comfort to the couch of wea- 
riness and suffering, and the solemn, palavering, impudent 
quack, who fattens on the fears and frailties of his victims ? 
What more different than the pulpit which reproves, rebukes, 
and exhorts in the spirit and with the authority of the gospel, 
and the pulpit which inflames and maddens, perplexes or puts to 
sleep? What more different than the press, which, like the 
morning sun, sheds light and truth through the land, and the 
press which daily distils the concentrated venom of personal 
malice and party detraction from its dripping wings ? I be- 
lieve that the commercial profession is as capable of being pur- 
sued with intelligence, honor, and public spirit, as any other ; 
and, when so pursued, is as compatible with purity, and eleva- 
tion of character as any other ; as well entitled to the honors 
which a community bestows on those who adorn and serve it ; 
the honors which you this day delight to pay to our friend 
and guest. 

I was not the witness of the commencement of his career 
abroad; but we all know that it soon fell upon that disas- 
trous period when all American credit stood low — when the 



61 

default of some of the States, and the temporary inability of 
others to meet their obligations, and the faihn^e of several of 
our moneyed institutions, threw doubt and distrust on all Amer- 
ican securities. That great sympathetic nerve (as the anato- 
mists call it) of the commercial world — credit — as far as the 
United States were concerned, was for the time paralyzed. At 
that moment, and it was a trying one, our friend not only 
stood firm himself, but he was the cause of firmness in others. 
There were not at the time, probably, a half a dozen other 
men in Europe, who, upon the subject of American securities, 
would have been listened to for a moment, in the parlor of the 
Bank of England. But his judgment commanded respect — 
his integrity won back the reliance which men had been ac- 
customed to ])lace on American securities. The reproach in 
which they were all indiscriminately involved was gradually 
wiped away, from those of a substantial character; and if on 
this solid basis of unsuspected good faith he reared his own 
prosperity, let it be remembered that, at the same time, he re- 
trieved the credit of the State of which he was the agent ; 
performing the miracle, if I may so venture to express myself, 
by which the word of an honest man turns paper into gold. 

A course like this, however commendable, might proceed 
from calculation. If it led to prosperity and opulence it might 
be pursued from motives exclusively selfish. But Mr. Peabody 
took a different view of the matter, and immediately began to 
act upon an old fashioned New England maxim, which I dare 
say he learned in childhood and carried with him from Dan- 
vers, — that influence and property have their duties as well as 
their privileges. He set himself to work to promote the con- 
venience and enhance the enjoyments of his travelling fellow 
countrymen — a numerous and important class. The traveller 
— often the friendless traveller — stands greatly in need of good 
offices in a foreign land. Several of you, my friends, know 
this, I am sure, by experience ; some of you can say how per- 
severingly, how liberally, these good offices were extended by 
our friend, through a long course of years, to his travelling 
countrymen. How many days, otherwise weary, have been 



62 

winged with cheerful enjoyments through his agency; how- 
many otherwise dull hours in health and in sickness enlivened 
by liis attentions ! 

It occurred to our friend es} ecially to do that on a large 
scale, which had hitherto been done to a very limited extent 
by our diplomatic representatives abroad. The small salaries 
and still smaller jorivate fortunes (with a single exception) of our 
ministers at St. James, had prevented them from extending the 
rites of hospitality as liberally as they could have v/ished to 
their fellow-citizens abroad. Our friend happily, with ample 
means, determined to supply the defect ; and brought together, 
at the social board, from year to year, at a succession of enter- 
tainments equally magnificent and tasteful, hundreds of his 
own countrymen and of his English friends. How much was 
done in this way to promote kind feeling and mutual good 
will, to soften prejudice, to establish a good understanding, in 
a word, to nurture that generous rivalry inculcated in the sen- 
timent to which you have bid me respond, I need not say. I 
have been particularly requested by my friend. Sir Henry Hol- 
land, a gentleman of the highest social and professional stand- 
ing, to state, while expressing his deep regret that he cannot, 
in conformity with your kind invitation, participate in this 
day's festivities, that he has attended several of Mr. Peabody's 
international entertainments in London, and felt them to be of 
the happiest tendency in promoting kind feeling between the 
two countries. 

We are bound as Americans, on this occasion particularly, 
to remember the very important services rendered by your 
guest to his countrymen who went to England in 1851, with 
specimens of the products and arts of this country, to be exhib- 
ited at the Crystal Palace. In most; perhaps in all other coun- 
tries, this exhibition had been made a government affair. Com- 
missioners were appointed by authority to protect the interests 
of the exhibitors, and, what was more important, appropriations 
of money were made to defray their expenses. No appropria- 
tions were made by Congress. Our exhibitors arrived friend- 
less, some of them penniless, in the great commercial Babel of 



63 

the world. They found the portion of the Crystal Palace 
assigned to our country unprepared for the specimens of art 
and industry which they had brought with theui ; naked and 
unadorned, by the side of the neighboring arcades and galle- 
ries, fitted up with elegance and splendor by the richest gov- 
ernments in Europe. The English press began to launch its 
too ready sarcasms at the sorry appearance which brother Jon- 
athan seemed likely to make, and all the exhibitors from this 
country, and all who felt an interest in their success, were dis- 
heartened. At this critical moment our friend stepped forward ; 
he did what Congress should have done. By liberal advances 
on his part, the American department was fitted up; and day 
after day, as some new product of American ingenuity and taste 
was added to the list, — McCormick's reaper, Colt's revolver, 
Powers' Greek slave, Hobbs' unpickable lock, Hoe's wonderful 
printing presses, and Bond's more wonderful spring governor, 
it began to be suspected that brother Jonathan was not quite 
so much of a simpleton as had been thought. He had contrib- 
uted his full share, if not to the splendor, at least to the utili- 
ties of the exhibition. In fact the leading journal at London, 
with a magnanimity which did it honor, admitted that England 
had derived more real benefit from the contributions of the 
United States than from those of any other country. 

But our friend, on that occasion, much as he had done in 
the way mentioned to promote the interest and success of the 
American exhibitors, and to enable them to sustain that gener- 
ous rivalry to which the toast alludes, thought he had not yet 
done enough for their gratification. Accordingly, in a most 
generous international banquet, he brought together on the one 
hand the most prominent of his countrymen, drawn by the 
occasion to London, and on the other hand, the chairman of 
the Royal Commission, with other persons of consideration in 
England, and his British friends generally ; and in a loving 
cup, made of old Danvers oak, pledged them, on both sides, to 
warmer feelings of mutual good will, than they had before en- 
tertained. 

In these ways, Mr. President, our friend has certainly done 



€4 

his share to carry into effect the principle of the toast, to which 
you call upon me to reply. But it is not wholly nor chiefly 
for these kindly offices and comprehensive courtesies ; not for 
the success with which he has ]nirsued the paths of business 
life, nor for the moral courage with which, at an alarming 
crisis, and the peril of his own fortunes, he sustained the credit 
of the State he represented — it is not these services that have 
called fortli this demonstration of respect. Your quiet village, 
ray friends, has not gone forth in eager throngs to meet the 
successful financier; the youthful voices, to which we listened 
with such pleasure in the morning, have not been attuned to 
sing the praises of the prosperous banker. No, it is the fellow- 
citizen who. from the arcades of the London exchange, laid 
up treasure in the hearts of his countrymen ; the true patriot 
who, amidst the splendors of the old world's capital, said in his 
hoart — If I forget thee, oh Jerusalem, let my right hand forget 
her cunning ; if I do not remember thee let my tongue cleave 
to the roof of my mouth ; — it is the dutiful and grateful child 
and benefactor of old Danvers whom you welcome back to 
his home. [Great cheering.] 

Yes, Sir, and the property you have invested in yonder sim- 
ple edifice, and in providing the means of innocent occupation 
for hours of leisure, — of instructing the minds and forming the 
intellectual character not merely of the generation now rising, 
but of that which shall take their places, when the heads of 
those dear children, who so lately passed in happy review be- 
fore you, shall be as gray as mine, and of others still more 
distant, who shall plant kind flowers on our graves — it is the 
property you have laid up in this investment which will embalm 
your name in the blessings of posterity, when granite and 
marble shall crumble to dust. Moth and rust shall not corrupt 
it ; they might as easily corrupt the pure white portals of the 
heavenly city, where " every several gate is of one pearl." 
Thieves shall not break through and steal it ; they might as 
easily break through the vaulted sky and steal the brightest 
star in the firmament. [Cheers.] 

The great sententious poet has eulogized the " Man of Ross " 



65 

— the man of practical, unostentatious benevolence — above all, 
the heroes and statesmen of the Augustan Age of England. 
Who, he asks — 

" Who hung with woods the mountain's sultry brow ? 
From the dry rock, who bade the waters flow ? 
Not to the skies in useless columns tost, 
Or in proud falls magnificently lost. 
But clear and artless, pouring through the plain, 
Health to the sick, and solace to the swain." 

But your Man of Ross, my friends, has taught a nobler stream 
to flow through his native village — the bubbling, sparkling, 
mind-refreshing, soul-cheering stream, which renews while it 
satisfies the generous thirst for knowledge, — that noble un- 
quenchable thirst " which from the soul doth spring," — which 
gains new eagerness from the draught which allays it, forever 
returning though forever slaked, to the cool deep fountains of 
eternal truth. 

You well recollect, my Danvers friends, the 16th of June, 
1852, when you assembled to celebrate the centennial anni- 
versary of the separation of Danvers from the parent stock. 
Your pleasant village arrayed herself that day in her holiday 
robes. Her resident citizens with one accord took part in the 
festivities. Many of her children, dispersed through the 
Union, returned that day to the homestead. One long absent 
was wanting, whom you would gladly have seen among you. 
But you had not forgotten him nor he you. He was beyond 
the sea, absent in body, but present in spirit and in kindly re- 
membrance. In reply to your invitation, he returned, as the 
custom is, a letter of acknowledgment, enclosing a sealed paper, 
with an endorsement setting forth that it contained Mr. Pea- 
body's sentiment, and was not to be opened till the toasts were 
proposed at the public dinner. The time arrived, — the paper 
was opened, — and it contained the following sound and signifi- 
cant sentiment : — " Education, — A debt due from the present 
to future generations." 

Now we all know that, on an occasion of this kind, a loose 
slip of paper, such as a sentimerit is apt to be written on, is 
5 



66 

in danger of being lost ; a puff of air is enough to blow it 
away. Accordingly, just by way of paper-weight, just to keep 
the toast safe on the table, and also to illustrate his view of this 
new way of paying old debts, Mr. Peabody laid down twenty 
thousand dollars on the top of his sentiment ; and for the sake 
of still greater security, has since added about as much more. 
Hence it has come to pass, that this excellent sentiment has 
sunk deep into the minds of our Dan vers friends, and has, I 
suspect, mainly contributed to the honors and pleasures of 
this day. 

But I have occupied, Mr. President, much more than my 
share of your time ; and, on taking my seat, I will only con- 
gratulate you on this joyous occasion, as I congratulate our 
friend and guest at having had it in his power to surround 
himself with so many smiling faces and warm hearts. 

Rev. Dr. Braman was called for by the President, but did 
not respond. 

The following Song, written by Mrs. J. R. Peabody, was 
then sung in fine style by an excellent Glee Club, led by Mr. 
M. P. Horn : 

A WELCOME TO GEORGE PEABODY, ESQ. 

BY MRS. JOEL R. PEABODY. 

Air—Auld Lang Syne. 

Welcome ! illustrious friend and guest ! 

Aye, more than welcome here, 
And be the day forever blessed 

Tliat brings back one so dear. 

We bear not forth to meet thee. Sire, 

Armorial banners, — old ; 
Nor titled peers, to greet thee. Sire, 

Their castle gates unfold. 

But Danvers homes, and Danvers hearts, 

Rejoice to see thee here ; 
And love her potent spell imparts, 

To aid the humble cheer. 



67 

Full oft we've wished for this glad hour, 

That thus we might express, — 
So far as language has the power, — 

Our deep indebtedness ; 

Not only that thy wealth has reared 

Yon Institute so fair, 
And doubly to our hearts endeared 

The name engraven there ; 

Nor that thy happy years, begun 

In this sequestered spot, 
Have never, as they onward run. 

This early home forgot ; 

But that thy love, beginning here, 

Swells a wide circlet round. 
Till kindred, friends, and country dear 

In its embrace are found. 

Nay, England's voice comes o'er the sea 

To join the proud acclaim, 
And boasts she has a right to be 

Kemembered with thy name ! 

In worth like this we may rejoice. 

It is above all praise : 
Yet must we one united voice 

Of admiration raise. 

The third sentiment was complimentary to the city of Bos- 
ton, as one of the earliest plantations of the Pilgrims. 

It was expected that His Honor Mayor Rice would be pres- 
ent to respond, but he, being otherwise engeiged, had retired. 
The following sentiment, contributed by him, was read : 

The Comviercial Metropolis of New England cordially unites in the tribute of honor 
and respect to the distinguished guest of this occasion. 

The next sentiment was : 

The Son of that Governor of Massachusetts whose name fs proverbial for honesty 
of purpose and integrity of heart — the associate of Abbott Lawrence. 

Responded to by J. B, C. Davis of New York. He said : — 



68 



SPEECH OF MR. DAVIS. 

I am very sorry there is not some gentleman present whose 
connection with New York has been longer than my own, to 
speak in her behalf. But I am proud, nevertheless, upon an 
occasion like the present, and in the midst of such an assem- 
bly, to have the honor of representing the metropolis of Amer- 
ica. We are assembled to-day to do honor to a man of com- 
merce, — to a man, Sir, of American commerce, — who repre- 
sents, more than any other person, American commerce in the 
center of the commerce of the world. And I am proud — it is 
an honor of which any one might be proud — to be present on 
such an occasion, to represent the great metropolis of America 
— a city which sits like a lily on the water's side, and stretches 
its roots out under the sea, drawing to itself life and strength 
from all the countries of the world. [Cheers.] 

We of New York recognize, in the prosperity and advance- 
ment of your distinguished guest, some sign and some shadow 
of the advancement and prosperity of New York ; for we can 
but be aware that some share of the wealth, which he has 
gained in such profusion, and which he distributes with such 
liberality, has come, in some measure, from his business con- 
nection with our merchants. It is fitting that our merchants 
should share in rendering a tribute of respect and affection to 
the man who has done so much to honor the name of Ameri- 
can merchant — who has done that most difficult of all things, 
established a new house in the old metropolis, and has ad- 
vanced the credit and character of that house, until, as has 
been said to-day, it is known throughout the world ; who has 
done so much for American credit generally, and especially for 
the sinking credit of American States, in the most difficult 
times ; and whose purse has always been as open for the ad- 
vancement of new commercial enterprises as it has for works 
of charity and beneficence. Especially do we remember — and 
I have been reminded of it to-day by a New York friend who 
was present — that at the time when a merchant of New York 
ofiered to the United States government the use of two ves- 



69 

sels, to proceed to the Arctic Seas in search of Sir John Frank- 
lin, it was the money of George Peabody that fitted out those 
vessels, and enabled them to make those discoveries which 
have brought so much honor upon New York and upon this 
country. [Great cheering.] 

It has been my fortune to live in New York but a few years, 
and I cannot forget, to-day, standing upon the soil of New 
England, and taking part in these ceremonies, that I have a 
right to be here as a New Englander. I am reminded, also, in 
the person of your guest, of what New England enterprise and 
commerce has achieved. I am reminded that the great house 
of the Barings, in London, has been guided by New England 
counsels for the last thirty years, and has imported some of the 
same stock to continue the guidance hereafter, I am remind- 
ed that the business which Astor founded there has passed into 
the hands of a New Englander, who has achieved wealth and 
position in London. I am reminded that another New Eng- 
lander, a native of Danvers, has established there another house, 
which has attained a proud position, and which has also im- 
ported new stock from New England to continue it in the 
future on the proud basis upon which it now rests. We of 
New York remember all this, and are not disposed to take 
these laurels from New England. 

Before sitting down, as I have been myself many times a 
recipient of the munificent hospitality of Mr. Peabody in Lon- 
don, and as I have been permitted for some years past to share 
his friendship, you will permit me to add a word to what has 
been already said with regard to his efforts to promote, by his 
entertainments in London, good will between Great Britain 
and America — two nations, between whom a common lan- 
guage, a common literature, common interests, and common 
pugnacity, [laughter,] lay such foundation for causes of differ- 
ence. It has been truly said here to-day — and more elo- 
quently than could be said by anybody else — that what Mr. 
Peabody has done for the last few years, has tended much to 
do away with the difficulties that might grow out of those 
causes. 



70 

I especially remember one of those entertainments that took 
place during the year of the great Exhibition, in 1851. We 
made rather a poor show at the commencement of that Exhibi- 
tion, and American stock stood about as low in the social scale 
of Europe as it could be, until somewhere about the middle of 
June. We had taken a very large space in the eastern end of 
the Crystal Palace — twice as much as we needed — we had 
employed a national vessel to bring our contributions to Eu- 
rope — we had put up an immense eagle, spreading quite across 
the eastern wing, with a big bunch of lightning flashing from 
his talons — we had opened those contributions, and we were 
displaying some few hundred or thousand square yards of 
daguerreotypes, [laughter] several bushels of shoe-pegs, [laugh- 
ter] some excellent tanned leather, with the tanner's name on 
it in gilt letters, accompanied by his daguerreotype, I believe ; 
[great laughter] some beautiful preserved peaches, which some- 
body sent out from Ohio, and which, when the Exhibition 
closed, were presented to the Q,ueen, but I do not know 
whether she ate them or not ; and, stowed away in some out- 
of-the-way corners, were some curious looking machines, 
which nobod)'" seemed to think or care much about, and to 
get these into the building, we had to go to our friend Mr. Pea- 
body, and ask him to furnish the money, which he did with- 
out hesitation ; [cheers] and it was in the midst of all these 
discouraging signs that Mr. Peabody conceived the idea of cel- 
ebrating the 4th of July in London by a large ball, and that 
the Duke of Wellington, and other eminent men among the 
English aristocracy and in the English political world, should 
attend and celebrate it with him. [Loud cheers.] 

Between the time of the conception of this idea and the 
time of carrying it into execution, there elapsed just about the 
time necessary to do it ; for Mr. Peabody never takes more 
than that, between a thought and the time necessary to make 
that thought a fact. [Loud applause.] The ball came off. I 
shall not attempt to describe it, for language would fail me 
utterly if I should undertake to do so. I can only say, that 
from the moment when, in the saloon of Almacks, the center 



71 

of fashion among the beauty and wealth, and the most select 
company of England and America, the hero of Waterloo and 
the Napoleon of American commerce walked arm in arm, there 
began to be manifest a change in the feeling towards America. 
The next week this was followed by a dinner at Liverpool, on 
board the Atlantic, when the astonished English and European 
Commissioners were shown, for the first time, one of those 
magnificent specimens of American enterprise and skill, a 
Collins steamer ; and to those, I may say, the money of Mr. 
Peabody materially contributed. Then came that victory of 
the yacht America, at Cowes ; I knew not which most to ad- 
mire, the gallantry with which the victory was won, or the 
gracefulness with which the vanquished acknowledged it. 
Then came the August scenes, which brought out some of 
those machines, and John Bull found that Mr. McCormick was 
essential to him ; and then the Kaffir war enabled Mr. Colt to 
dispose of many of his pistols ; and then Hobbs' locks came 
up ; and before we were through with the Exhibition, we 
were fairly in danger of being killed with kindness; and, as 
Mr. Everett said, the journals all united in echoing the praises 
uttered by Lord Granville and Sir Henry Biilwer, at the ban- 
quet given by Mr. Peabody to the exhibitors, before they 
returned to their own country. 

Therefore, Mr. Chairman, and ladies and gentlemen, it is 
that I am satisfied, from my own experience and observation 
of what takes place in England, that it was to Mr. Peabody 
more than to any one else, it was owing that the state of 
feeling toward this country, not in England alone, but through- 
out the Continent, — which takes its tone very much from the 
English press, — was entirely changed, and the present happy 
state of things exists. [Loud applause.] 

The next sentiment was : 

Harvard University — The Alma Mater of brilliant sons. Our fathers established 
the Homestead as a luminous standpoint. The sons have secured their reputation 
by making it a Drummond light. 

President Walker responded briefly, as follows : — 



72 



PRESIDENT WALKER'S REMARKS. 

Mr. President : — 

I would most respectfully and gracefully acknowledge the 
honorable mention which has been made of Harvard College. 
And having done this, if I were to consult my own feelings, 
or, I may add, my discretion, I should sit down. But I con- 
sider, Sir, that I am indebted for the honor of being here to 
my connection with the oldest literary institution in this coun- 
try, and I feel that I ought not to be entirely silent where the 
praises of the merchants are spoken. Look at our literary in- 
stitutions throughout the land! It is hardly saying too much 
to say that our colleges, endowed schools, public libraries and 
institutes, are what our merchants have made them. Take 
away what has been done by the munificence of our mer- 
chants, — take away what our Perkinses and our Lawrences 
have done for us, and we should have to shut up our halls and 
lecture rooms : or, rather, we should never have had any halls 
or lecture rooms to open. For this reason, Mr. President, Learn- 
ing sends, — I regret, from the bottom of my heart, that she has 
no better messenger to-day, — for these reasons. Learning sends 
her tribute to this great peaceful moral triumph. [Applause.] 

The next sentiment was : 

Old Salem — The respected mother of many children. Her daughter Danvers, and 
her grand-daughter South Danvas, tender to her their filial salutation. 

His Honor, William S. Messervy, Mayor of Salem, respond- 
ed by saying : — 

MR. MESSERYY'S RESPONSE. 

Mr. President : — 

The Americans are said to be the best makers of money and 
the worst spenders of it in the world. No desire that engrosses 
the mind of man, or absorbs the energies or thoughts of indi- 
viduals, requires, for the securement of its fruition, so small an 
amount of talent as that of accumulating wealth. No ambition 
is so easily gratified, and no ambition so petrifies the heart and 



73 

deadens the kindlier and nobler sentiments of our nature, as the 
fixed, one idea of becoming rich. And when this one idea is 
unmixed with private charity, with public benefactions, with 
literature, art or science, the material wealth of a country may 
thereby be augmented, its sensual luxuries may be extended, 
but its strength and importance must and will be diminished. 

The Political Economist, who looks only to the material 
wealth of a country as the indication of its value, may know 
something of science, but he understands but little of human- 
ity. He is a poor man, Sir, who has nothing but his wealth 
to repose upon. He alone is rich and worthy, whose judg- 
ment is sound, whose heart is liberal, and whose actions are 
just and disinterested. Our Friend — because the friend of 
humanity — whom we have this day met to greet and to honor, 
commands our respect, our gratitude and admiration, for the 
riches of his heart, for the wealth of his mind, and for the 
priceless worth of his life and character, his precepts and ex- 
ample. 

We behold him, unaided and alone, working his way up 
from a very humble dwelling, in a very humble parish, and with 
only the limited education of a very common school, to the 
highest positions of trust and confidence in the commercial 
circles of his own country, and to still higher and more confi- 
dential positions in the metropolis of the world. And then, 
when crowned with honors, wealth and distinctions, — when 
the titled, the learned and the great of the world strove to no- 
tice and to honor him, he puts them all aside, and comes up 
here to-day, in his own native village, in sight of the humble 
home where he was born, and tells us that he cherishes, above 
all other objects, the recollections of his earlier days ; and, as 
we behold him gazing upon the scenes of his boyhood, we can 
almost hear the throbbings of his great heart, beating responsive 
to the couplet : 

" Where'er I roam, whatever realms to see, 
My heart untravelled fondly turns to thee." 

This is the man. Sir, whom Salem, no less than Dan vers, is 
proud to recognize, and delights to honor. 



74 

The next regular sentiment was : 

The learned Professor of Greek Literature in IlarvarJ University — Although his em- 
inent attainments may be all Greek to us, his genial humor and enlivening wit are 
plain English. 

Responded to by Professor C C. Felton, substantially as 
follows : — 

PROFESSOR C. C. FELTON'S RESPONSE. 

Mr. Chairman, — 

I could not have been more surprised had a thunder-peal fallen 
from the skies upon this assembly, than I was to receive notice, 
a few moments ago, from your messenger, that you intended 
to call me up on this occasion. I nevertheless rise readily and 
freely, to join with this immense assembly in testifying my ad- 
miration and affection for the eminent man you have delighted 
to honor to-day. But seeing his pleasant face before me re- 
minds me of a little incident that happened to me in London. 
Through his kindly interposition — while, for a short time, I was 
in that great " Babel of the Nations," as it has been not inappro- 
priately called, — I received an invitation to dine with the Royal 
Literary Fund Society. Two or three days before the meet- 
ing I was notified that I was expected to respond to a senti- 
ment, and the sentiment was kindly communicated, in order 
that I might prepare an extemporaneous speech on the occasion. 
[Great merriment.] 

Although the time I had there was short, and I wished 
to devote it to other purposes, yet I stayed at home and locked 
my door, one entire day, in the heart of London, in order to 
get ready to respond to that sentiment. I wrote it'out careful- 
ly, looking to see that every verb had its nominative case, and 
that it agreed^ too, with its nominative case. [Laughter.] 1 
knew that I was to speak in the presence of some of the greatest 
writers and most eminent men in England, and I fancied that, 
in my humble measure, I had to speak for the literature of the 
United States. I wrote out my speech, as I have said, folded 
it up carefully, having committed it to memory, put it in my 
pocket, and carried it with me to that splendid entertainment, 



75 

for fear my memory should prove treacherous, and I should 
break down. I did not dare to eat, I did not dare to drink — 
dinners and suppers there are not exactly what they are here. 
They respect cold water mainly because it is an excellent 
agent to remove from face and hands the soil of London smoke ; 
and they like a cup of coffee — after dinner. [Laughter and 
applause.] I could only feast my eyes on the brilliant show, 
and the sparkling glasses. I literally complied with the re- 
quest of the lover in Ben Jonson's song : — 

"Drink to mc only with thine eyes." 

And so I waited for my turn to come. But, Sir — and I have 
been reminded of the circumstance to-day, by my friend Mr. 
Peabody — the President of the evening was the eloquent and 
able D'lsraeli, who made two excellent, but, as a Yankee 
would say, rather lengthy speeches, and other gentlemen, less 
eloquent, made speeches lengthier still, so that the evening 
passed away, and the toasts had not got down within six of the 
one to which I was to respond, and I went home with that 
extemporaneous speech in my coat pocket. [Laughter.] I car- 
ried it over Europe, — I carried it to Turkey, but the Turks 
are not addicted to dinner speeches, — and I brought it home to 
America ; but from that time to this I have had no opportunity of 
making it ; and if I had dreamed of being called up hei-e to-day, 
I should certainly have taken it in my pocket along with me. 

Voices — Let 's have it ! 

Prof. Felton — It is not here. 

Mr. Peabodt — I hope you will bring it to London. 

Prof. Felton — Most certainly I will ; and at the next cele- 
bration in this town, in honor of Mr. Peabody, I promise to put 
that speech in my pocket. [Applause.] 

I think, Mr. President, I may say that I, also, have some 
personal claim to stand up here, and say a single word to-day. 
If I mistake not, men of my name, blood and lineage, for more 
than two hundred years, have lived in Old Danvers. I think 
the ancestor from whom I am directly descended came here 
in 1636, and from that day to this, I believe, the name has not 
been wanting among the useful citizens of this town ; and I 



16 

feel, therefore, a certain share of personal pride in the honors 
which you this day, citizens of Danvers, have assembled to be- 
stow" upon your illustrious fellow-citizen. I say illustrious^ 
for if any man is illustrious, it is he who, going forth with 
nothing but his hands and his character, as has been so well 
said by one of the speakers, and engaging in the struggles of 
life in the mightiest metropolis of the world, returns, after an 
interval which, long as it is, is only a short one in which to 
have accomplished such triumphs, with his princely fortune, 
his honorable fame, and more than princely heart, to meet the 
companions of his childhood, and to be welcomed by the citi- 
zens of the town whom his munificence has blessed, and will 
bless forever. [Loud applause.] 

Mr. President, I am one of that famous tribe of " wandering 
Arabs" who have crossed the ocean, and have shared in the 
hospitalities of your distinguished guest ; and I am indebted to 
him — it is not egotism that prompts me to say it, but a desire 
to add my tribute to the chaplet of honor with which you have 
crowned him to-day — I am indebted to him, I say, for much of 
my enjoyment in the old world. I reached London a stranger 
to him, having no letter of introduction to him, not even 
letter of credit. [Laughter.] He sought me out, and invited 
me to one of those almost regal entertainments ; and the hours 
that I spent in the society gathered by him on that delightful 
occasion, are among the most pleasant reminiscences of my 
foreign tour. I well remember the society brought together on 
that occasion. The noble sons and lovely daughters of Eng- 
land came, honoring by their presence your fellow-citizen, who 
had honored them by his invitation — and they felt it so ; and 
there I listened to words of friendship towards the American 
nation which would make every heart in this assembly throb 
with delight if they could hear them, as I heard them, spoken 
by the most eloquent lips of England. 

I think, Mr. President, if there is any Englishman here pres- 
ent, he must have felt that the sentiment of friendship for that 
great and illustrious nation — the foremost nation in modern 
civilization, the great bulwark of liberty, whose language, as 



77 

has been well and truly said by one of their great writers, is 
the only language upon the face of the earth in which the 
accents of freedom can be uttered — is congenial to the American 
heart ; he must have felt that the words of good will so often 
uttered on those festive occasions of which Mr. Peabody was 
the originator, have found a ready response from the people of 
this country, as proved by this multitudinous assembly. And I 
must confess — Republican as I am, ultra Republican as I am, 
[cheers] — that my heart beat quicker when the mention of the 
Royal Lady of England was received with three hearty cheers 
from this republican assembly ; for that Sovereign Lady illus- 
trates, in her high position, all those domestic and household vir- 
tues, which, while they give dignity to the lowliest position, are 
the ornament and the pride of the most exalted. It is true we 
owe her no political allegiance ; but the virtues of the Queen 
of England, while they secure to her the love and loyalty of 
her subjects, entitle her to the willing fealty of every honorable 
man in republican America. [Loud cheers.] 

Mr. President, I know of no man, whose position, at this 
moment, is so proud and enviable, as that of Mr. Peabody. 
After a long absence, he returns to his native town, under 
extraordinary circumstances, and with more than a Roman 
triumph. He returns at a season of the year when field and 
forest are clothed in the rich variety of blending colors which 

" Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on;" 

and here, under this beautiful sky of October, is welcomed by 
this vast assemblage of men and women, all gathered to do him 
honor — and not lip honor, — but that which flows from grateful 
hearts and minds enriched — from hearts grateful not for them- 
selves alone, but for posterity — for the future generations, who 
shall drink from the fountain of knowledge he has opened, to 
flow on and flow forever, a perennial and perpetual blessing. 
As I have looked over this assembly, and seen these bright eyes 
suff"used, and these lovely countenances flushed with joy in 
welcoming home again your distinguished fellow-citizen, I 
confess I have envied him ; and I could not help smiling, as I 
remembered that, among the duties usually thought to belong 



78 

to the man and the citizen, there is one which Mr. Peabody 
has failed to perform — I say I could not help smiling to notice, 
that in spite of Mr. Peabody's short-comings in this respect — 
the photographic portrait of that pleasant countenance, the 
"counterfeit presentment" of our beloved friend, adorns full 
many a fair and happy breast around me.* [Laughter and ap- 
plause.] 

I will not detain you longer. My thoughts this afternoon 
have been running on the Beatitudes, rather than on other 
portions of the Scriptures, and if you will allow me, I will 
close by offering one of them, with all reversnce, as a senti- 
ment : — 

"Blessed are the peacemakers " [Loud cheers.] 

At the conclusion of Prof. Felton's remarks, the following 
original Ode was sung : — 

ODE. 

BY MRS. GEORGE A. OSBORNE. 

Air— America. 

Our Friend ! the people's friend, 
We now our voices blend 

To welcome thee. 
Thy glad return we greet, 
With joy this day we meet, 
Our hearts with ardor beat, 

Thy face to see. 

Great in thy well proved worth, 
The land that gave thee birth 

Welcomes her son. 

Though far beyond the sea. 

Thy chosen home may be. 

We ne'er will speak of thee, 

But as our own. 

A friend in word and deed. 
And in our country's need, 

Thou ever art. 
Thou hast, with loving hand, 
Joined in a friendly band, 
This with our father-land, 

In hand and heart. 

* Many of the ladies wore the likeness of Mr. Peabody set in their breastpins. 



79 

Right nobly hast thou shed 
Rich blessings on our hiad. 

Thy native town. 
And made it our birtlvight, 
To baslv in wisdom's light, 
With knowledge, truth and right, 

Our lives to crown. 

Then swell the grateful strain 
Of Welcome still again ; 

Long life to thee. 
May God upon thy head, 
His richest blessings shed. 
And thou at last be led 

With Him to be. 

The next regular sentiment was : 

The memory of Abbott Lawrence. 

The President called upon Mr. Charles Hale, of Boston, to 
respond to this sentiment. 

MR. HALE'S REMARKS. 

Mr. H. rose and said that he regretted, as he felt sure all 
those present must regret, that accidental circumstances had 
prevented the attendance on this most agreeable occasion of 
any person bearing the name of Mr. Lawrence who might more 
appropriately than himself answer to the sentiment that had 
just been proposed. But since I have been called upon, (said 
he) — Boston boy as I am, and taught in one of those Boston 
schools which has been decorated with the bounty of Mr. Law- 
rence, — I should be false to the place of my birth and to my 
training if I hesitated to answer the summons. It is fit that 
Mr. Lawrence's name should be remembered to-day ; not that 
anything need be said of the excellence of his life or the great 
importance of his public services, but because this is a celebra- 
tion in which he would have delighted to participate. It would 
have afforded him peculiar pleasure to unite in doing honor to 
our distinguished guest. Mr. Lawrence knew Mr. Peabody 
well ; and could appreciate him. As United States minister 
in London he had many opportunities of witnessing Mr. Pea- 



80 

body's generous hospitalities and valuable services extended to 
his fellow-countrymen ; and after his return to America, he 
assisted in laying the corner stone of that noble Institute, which 
will perpetuate the name of Peabody until the latest genera- 
tion. He knew the value of Mr. Peabody's exertions in pro- 
moting a better acquaintance between the people of Great 
Britain and the United States, by means of those magnificent 
festive occasions to which allusion has already been made. 
His sense of gratitude to Mr. Peabody is set forth in a letter, 
(not before published,) which Mr. H. proceeded to read, as 

follows : — 

Legation of the United States, 

138 Piccadilly, July 5, 1851. 

My Dear Mr. Peabody, — I should be unjust to myself and to our 
country, as its representative at this court, if I were not to offer my ac- 
knowledgments and heartfelt thanks for myself and our country, for 
the more than regal entertainment you gave to me and mine, and to 
our countrymen generally, now in London, in commemoration of one 
of the most important events in the political history of the world. The 
results of the Declaration of hidependence of the thirteen North Amer- 
ican British Colonies, in 1776, are yet but partially developed ; enough, 
however, has been realized to satisfy a portion of mankind that human 
freedom is their birthright, and that man is capable of self-government, 
and will sooner or later demand and obtain civil and religious liberty. 
Our country has successfully illustrated this proposition. I glory in 
the magnitude, resources, prosperity and power of the Union. Your 
idea of bringing together the inhabitants of two of the greatest nations 
upon earth, connected by the ties of blood with a common ancestry, 
and a thousand interesting and endearing associations, was a most 
felicitous conception, and will, I trust, be productive in consummating 
that harmony of international feeling which should exist between parent 
and child. I am quite certain that the effects of bringing together 
British and American people on the 4th of July, will not be limited 
to the two countries. There is not a despotic government in Europe 
that will not pause and reflect upon this extraordinary meeting, of 
which you have been the author and finisher. I congratulate you upon 
the distinguished success that has crowned your efforts. Your reward 
must be found in the consciousness of having done that which was 
never before attempted, and which has resulted most successfully, by 
proving that the time had arrived when the people of both countries 
could meet together and sacrifice upon the altar of a common ancestry 
their former prejudices. I hope and believe that this kind international 
feeling may strengthen with age, and that you may long live to enjoy 
the fruits of the patriotic sentiments that prompted the performance of 
this full, large-hearted action. 

With a renewal of my grateful thanks for this testimonial to my 



81 

family and myself, I am, my dear Mr, Peabody, most faithfully your 
friend and obedient servant, Abbott Lawrence. 

George Pbabody, Esq. 

• That is the testimony borne by Mr. Lawrence (continued 
Mr. H.) to the value of Mr. Peabody's services in cultivating 
friendly relations between these two great nations. And the 
plan is indeed an admirable one. In both of these countries, 
the government is sensitive to public opinion ; and if the peo- 
ple wish peace — whatever be the inclinations of their rulers, 
an interruption of friendly relations is impossible, Mr. Peabody 
understands this. He sows the seeds of Peace ; and the fruit 
cannot be war. This is good philosophy, sound statesman- 
ship. Its practice is a step towards that glorious second golden, 
age, of which the British poet-laureate has sung — 

When the war drums throb no longer, and the battle-flags are furled 
In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the World. 

The following volunteer sentiment was read, and Hon. G. 
W. Warren, Ex-Mayor of Charlestown, was called upon : 

The Trans-Atlantic Drinking Cup, made of Danvers Oak — Of such cups as these 
there cannot be " a cup too much." 

Mr, Warren responded, and gave : 

Ou7- Guest — He may be excused for not taking a wife, because he has bestowed 
his whole affection upon his native town. 

The next sentiment was : 

Scientia Juris — Old mother Salem has been prolific in distinguished jurists. lii 
running along the line of time, through Story, Pickering, Saltonstall, and others of 
the past, she proudly presents the two Lords, Huntington, and their honored asso- 
ciates of to-day. 

Hon, Otis P. Lord was called for, but he did not respond. 
The next sentiment was then given : — 

Judge White, of Salem — The retired jurist, of Salem, still devoting himself to his 
love of science and letters — he remarkably illustrates the motto, " Otium cum dig- 
nitate." 

Judge White responded briefly, as follows : — 
6 



82 



JUDGE WHITE'S RESPONSE. 

Mr. President : — 

I have but a word to say, and that must be superfluous after , 
all that has been so well said by others. Till this bright 
morning opened upon us, I had little hope that I should be 
able to be with you to-day, though determined to come if my 
strength would bring me here. I heartily thank you, Sir, and 
other friends of Danvers, for all the manifestations I have re- 
ceived of your kindness. Three times before the present I 
have been honored by your welcome reception. First, on 
your glorious Centennial Anniversary, a celebration more deep- 
ly interesting to me than any I had ever attended in my whole 
life. There certainly must be among the people of Danvers 
not only the requisite spirit, but genius and taste of no ordi- 
nary quality, to render such celebrations in the highest degree 
attractive. Next came the foundation of the Peabody Insti- 
tute, the laying of the corner-stone ; and then followed the 
dedication of the edifice to the important purposes of the Insti- 
tute. All these occasions were made as delightful to your 
friends as they were honorable to yourselves. This day 
crowns the whole, and I rejoice with you in the triumphant 
success of your Jubilee of Gratitude. 

It aff'ords me the richest gratification to join with you in 
honoring a benefactor who is so worthy of all honor ; one, too, 
whose estimable character in early life was well known to me, 
and whose virtues and manly bearing and beneficent public 
spirit have inspired me with profound respect. We delight to 
honor such a man. not for his wealth, nor for his brilliant 
career of prosperity and his princely fortune ; but for his per- 
sonal worth. Wealth in itself is entitled to no special honor; 
in its right use, "there all the honor lies." Fortunes, even 
princely fortunes, spring up sometimes like Jonah's gourd, and 
prove of as little value to the possessor or to the world. It is 
the man that we honor on this occasion, the intrinsic man ; it 
is the wise head knowing the uses of money as well as the 
means of acquiring it, and comprehending all its best uses ; it 



83 

is the great heart nobly sustaining great wealth and making it 
a blessing to mankind ; it is the generous soul which swells 
with increasing possessions and (expands with opportunities of 
beneficent action, rising to heaven in its responsibilities and 
aspirations. 

Among the happiest moments of my life were those I en- 
joyed at your memorable Centennial Celebration, when was 
first announced the munificent benefaction made by your hon- 
ored guest for the moral and intellectual advancement of the 
people of his native town in all coming time. Then, in the 
benefactor's absence, I had the heartfelt pleasure to express the 
deep sense which I entertained of his merits, — his rare union 
of sagacity, benevolence and patriotism in the use of abundant 
wealth, and his enduring claims upon the gratitude and respect 
of all his countrymen. 

Allow me, Sir, to close these brief remarks with a sentiment 
which is the ardent wish of my heart : — 

Perpetual happiness to the benefactor whom we honor; and may his noble exam- 
ple in the use of wealth be followed by all who are alike successful in acquiring it. 

The next sentiment was : 

The Granite State — Our festival is graced by one of her most eminent sons, whose 
services at home and abroad deserve and shall receive our grateful remembrance. 

Judge Upham, of New Hampshire, was called upon to reply. 
JUDGE UPHAM'S REMARKS. 

He commenced by thanking the President for the compli- 
mentary allusion to New Hampshire, and that he desired only 
to say of it at this time that it was one of the earliest States to 
come into the Union, and he trusted it would be one of the 
last to go out. [Cheers.] He also thanked the Committee for 
the opportunity of being present on this interesting occasion. 

I know of nothing, he remarked, that can be more gratify- 
ing to an individual than, after a long absence from his native 
town, to be received with the kindness and cordiality the peo- 
ple of Danvers have manifested to their distinguished citizen 
to-day. 



84 

You have tokens of his remembrance permanently about 
you, that will avail for the benefit of your children and your 
children's children. You complete this day the circle of kind- 
ness by showing your high appreciation of the man, and your 
gratitude to your noble benefactor. It is delightful to us who 
have our own personal obligations to thank him for, to unite 
our tribute with yours, and to acknowledge that wider circuit 
of obligation that is felt by his friends throughout the entire 
country. 

He has not permitted us to do it elsewhere by any public 
demonstration in his behalf, and we come up hither to the 
shrine nearest his heart to bid him our thanks and welcome 
here. 

I had long an opportunity of witnessing those international 
-courtesies and kindnesses, which he was the medium of ex- 
t'cnding to citizens both of his native and adopted country ; 
and I can bear witness to their effect in removing asperities 
and jealousies, so liable to arise among people who are such 
keen competitors in the race of honors. He has been a public 
benefactor in this respect. 

He has succeeded in the bold attempt to unite Englishmen 
and Americans in the celebration of our nation's jubilee, and 
Wellington on such occasions has known how to do honor to 
himself, by honoring the memory of Washington. [Applause.] 
And Royalty has paid grateful tribute to the memory of a day 
that displaced, in a righteous cause, the brightest jewel from 
its crown. 

Sir, we all desire to do honor to a man who strives to con- 
tribute to the harmony and peace of nations. 

If he is entitled to the reward of a benefactor who makes 
two blades of grass grow where one grew before, he certainly 
is far more entitled to it, who substitutes, instead of the rank 
weeds of pride and prejudice, the kindly affections of respect 
and regard. 

He closed by proposing to offer as a sentiment : 

George Peahody — The private man, yet public citizen. The individual who rep- 
resents not merely his own great heart, but brings together, in fraternal regard, the 
nanited hearts of two great nations. 



85 

Judge Upham's remarks and toast were received with loud 
applause. 

The next regular toast was : 

The Intercourse of the People of England and the United States — The mutual and 
reciprocal intercliange of individual courtesies tends to mutual advantage, and 
incrjases mutual prosperity. 

Mr. James Carruthers, of England, was called on to re- 
spond. 

MR. CARRUTHER'S REMARKS. 

He said he should regret if the record of this meeting 
went to England without some one to answer for her island 
queen and island people. He had seen that day the Cross of 
St. George waving alternately with the Stars and Stripes ; he 
had heard the strains of both Hail Columbia and God Save the 
Queen. [Applause.] He had just been asked wherein this 
demonstration differed from any he had elsewhere seen. It was 
wholly individual in character, as distinct from mere corporate 
or municipal action. It appeared that each individual found in 
the guest of the occasion the realization of his highest ideal of 
American characteristics. In a more enlarged sense, they were 
paying homage to a principle of individual action that was fast 
giving ascendancy to Americans, amidst the nations of the earth. 
Each American had the deepest possible interest in being 
known, so as to be freed from the biassed judgment of nations 
who reasoned on narrower and more selfish grounds. When 
we look to the unchangeable bases of the great code of indi- 
vidual justice, from which emanated American institutions — 
when it was remembered that these principles had their assent 
in the consciences of all men — it was marvellous that other 
nations should have been so slow to adopt any portion of them 
in their mutual and reciprocal interchange, not only of cour- 
tesies but of duties. An American banker in London stood in 
a proud position to illustrate the character of his countrymen. 
His own institution was individual in character. It was es- 
tablished by its own profits, supported by its own means, and 



86 

stood on its own resources. Mr. C. proceeded to say that he 
had no need to tell how Mr. Peabody was appreciated in Eng- 
land ; still less how his fame had been echoed back. The 
presence of the ladies was the sign manual of the character of 
his reception. He need not put to the Governor, — or any of 
the legislative members, the query of a speaker of the House 
of Commons, who, spying some ladies in the gallery peeping 
over the gentlemen's shoulders, called out, " What borough do 
these ladies serve for?" Such men as yourself, said Mr. C, 
turning to Mr. Peabody, are the true pacificators of the day, 
and in the interests you promote and conserve, we recognize 
the only secure foundation of an alliance. 

Hon. C. W. Upham responded to the following sentiment : 

Our Country — Great in its resources and great in its achievements; let it also be 
great in its influence for good in the family of nations. 

SPEECH OF HON. CHARLES W. UPHAM. 
Mr. President, — 

In participating, on this occasion, I feel the force of the mo- 
tive that will bring hundreds of our fellow-citizens, in every 
part of the country, to cross the path of the honored guest of 
the day — gratitude for kind attentions to members of our fam- 
ilies, while visiting the great metropolis of the commercial 
world, to whose hospitalities he has long contributed a truly 
princely share. 

His presence here, in his native land and his native village ; 
the recollection of the influence he has steadily exerted to 
bring together and make as one household the people of Great 
Britain and America, and the cordial, liberal tone of the senti- 
ments expressed at this happy festival, all conspire in leading 
my thoughts forward to a glorious future for the civilized 
world. 

Two of the first-rate powers of the earth speak the same 
language, have to a considerable extent similar institutions of 
representative government and popular liberty, and are in- 
spired with the same vital and immortal element of religious 



87 

truth. They already command the commerce of the world ; 
and are destined to realize for their noble speech, and the great 
principles of liberty and law it carries with it wherever it goes, 
a universal dominion. It is the language of the British Isles and 
of all the vast world-wide possessions of that empire. It will 
be the language of all North America. It will be planted eve- 
rywhere by the commerce of these two nations. The mischief 
of Babel will, at last, be repaired, every wall of partition re- 
moved, and the whole world be made one. 

The contemplation of such a final result is grateful to the 
mind, because it authorizes the hope that permanent peace 
will accompany the spread of one language. This, however, 
will depend upon the relations to each other which England 
and America organize and establish now. If a spirit of harmo- 
ny, good will, and true friendship is preserved between them, 
it will impart its tone to the literature and whole life of the 
people of both nations ; and as they go on, hand in hand, in 
the mighty progress of their wealth, in the all-pervading ex- 
tension of their commerce, in the diffusion of their principles, 
social elements, manners, and language, the blessings of peace 
and love will follow in their track. The prospects of humani- 
ty do, indeed, thus depend upon continuing friendly relations, 
and deepening friendly feelings between these two countries. 

Our honored guest has performed a great part in promoting 
this end. The occasion itself symbolizes the idea I have sug- 
gested. We have met to welcome one who is a living bond of 
union between these two nations. He belongs to them both. 
Long years and great transactions give him a home there. 
The untravelled, undimmed affections of childhood and youth, 
and a constant series of acts of beneficent remembrance of his 
native town, have preserved a home for him here. From these 
scenes his heart has never been estranged. In his life and 
deeds. Old and New England come together. They illustrate 
the sentiment I now beg leave to propose : 

England and America — Their best benefactors and truest patriots are those who 
seek to establish and perpetuate a cordial friendship between them. 



88 



ODE. 

BY HARRIET W. PRESTON, 

A Hkdai, Scholar of tiik IIolten IIiou School, Daitters. 

Twie—Ajtld Lang Syne. 

Thrice welcome to thy native land ! 

Long hath thine exile been ; 
And few and changed, the early friends 

Who greet thee back again. 
But thou art not a stranger, where 

Thy lavish gifts have come, 
And we, who honored thee afar. 

With joy receive thee home. 

Oh ! noble heart that wealth and power 

Could never warp or chill ; 
And open hand that, every hour, 

Obeys the kindly will ; 
Oft, as across the ocean wave, 

To us their carrier flew ; 
We longed, ourselves, like power to have 

And souls to use it too. 

Our full hearts have not fitly shown 

Their gratitude and pride ; 
But all the landscape thou hasf known 

Hath Autumn glorified. 
And in the blue of stainless skies 

Her silver flags unrolled. 
And decked for thee, the forest ranks, 

With scarlet and with gold. 



TOASTS AND SENTIMENTS. 

We annex some of the toasts and sentiments offered at the 
table, which were not announced for want of time. 

Rufus Choate — An adopted son of old Danvers. Here he won his first garlands, 
and here will his well earned fame be cherished. 

Professor Agassiz — Switzerland, his native land — America, his adopted countiy. 
His reputation for science belongs to the world. 

The Mouth of the Meirimac — The city planted there proves by her works she forgets 
not the reputation she has to sustain for her early commerce and enterprise. 

Hon. George Bancroft — The truthful and brilliant writer of his country's history. 
May the time be very long before another pen shall need to record his own. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LfNOX AND 
Tito N FOUNDATIONS. 







^>^ 



■^ £ J.^ ^ '^' 'ft 




89 

Hon. Robert C. Winthrop — Whose comprehensive statesmanship and graceful ora- 
tory have added histre to a name justly celebrated in the early history of our Com- 
monwealth. , 

The Scholar — Whose varied accomplishments and classic tastes have been the ad- 
miration of students and men of letters — the friends of the Peabody Institute desire 
to hear the voice of the Hon. George S. Hillard. 

The City of Philadelphia — Its brotherly love has prompted it to extend the frater- 
nal hand to us in our endeavors to do honor to our distinguished Benefactor. We 
cordially return the grasp. 

Baltimore, the Monumental City — Her proudest monuments are the intelligence, 
energy and integrity of her citizens. 

The States of the Union and the Union of the States — Mutually dependent, one can- 
not exist without the other. 

Nathaniel Boicditch, the La Plcwe of America — To England and the United State.? 
the sole interpreter of the " Mecanique Celeste." Danvers feels proud of the hum- 
ble dwelling where the infant Philosopher took his first " lunar observations" from 
the lap of his mother. 

lion. Henry Barnard — The able champion of Free Schools. Although Rhode 
Island and Connecticut owe him special acknowledgments, a debt of gratitue is due 
to him from our whole country. 

By Hon. Richard S. Rogers of Salem. 

Peabody Institute — A monument of munificent generosity by a native son of Old 
Danvers. One no less honored abroad, than beloved at home. He has reared an 
edifice that will render the ancient name imperishable, and added a link to bind the 
people of the two towns more firmly together, though separated by a name. May 
they gratefully appreciate its usefulness and blessings to all future times. 

The Great Names of England — Alfred, Bacon, Shakspeake, and Milton. 
They are ours by inheritance. Our share in their glory is that of brotherhood with 
the elder branch of the family. 

" Education — A Debt due from present to future Generations" — A sentiment as sound 
in its philosophy as it is graceful in its diction. May we, by our unremitting atten- 
tion to the advancement of Education, emulate, as far as we are able, the zeal of its 
illustrious author. 

Bt Hon. Allen Putnam of Roxbury. 

Memory — A debt due from the pi'csent to past generations. 



LETTERS. 

We have drawn largely on our correspondence with gentlemen, 
whose presence and voices would have been welcome to our festive 
board, but who were prevented from attending, or, if here, were de- 
barred, for want of time, from giving utterance to their sentiments. 

It will be seen that the writers of these letters represent not only the 
highest mercantile interests, but all the learned professions, — the schol- 



90 

arship, jurisprudence, and statesmanship of our country. These letters 
are full of ardent sympathy with our grand object, and abound in testi- 
monials appreciative of the high character of our eminent townsman. 
However varied in expression, there is so much unity of design in the 
several writers that it cannot fail to be seen that all give their hearty 
approbation of our purpose and their best wishes for our success in 
rendering due honor to our Guest. 

We first append the form of invitation addressed to the several 
guests of the town : — 

South Danvers, Sept. 29, 1856, 
Dear Sir : 

The citizens of the Old Town of Danvers (now Danvers and 
South Danvers) propose to give a public reception and dinner, on 
Thursday, the 9th of October next, to their distinguished townsman and 
benefactor, George Peabody, Esq., of London, on the occasion of his 
contemplated visit to his native place, after an absence of more than 
twenty years. 

Trusting in your willingness to honor the occasion by your presence, 
they tender you an earnest invitation to unite with them in this expres- 
sion of gratitude and respect. 
Very truly. 

Your obedient servants, 

Robert S. Daniels, 
Geo. Osborne, 
Eben Sutton, 
Alfred A. Abbott, 
Fitch Poole, 

Committee of Invitation. 



[From Hon. Rufus Choate.] 

Boston, Oct. 8, 1856. 
My Dear Sir : 

I regret extremely that I cannot be present to unite with you, and 
my friends of so many years, in Danvers, to welcome your estimable 
son and benefoctor to his dear native land, and to his home. To his 
gratification and honor, nothing will be wanting, and one voice will not 
be missed among so many hundreds. Yet it would have afforded me 
true pleasure to sit with you at that beautiful family board ; and to see 
and hear with what eloquence of the aftections you will receive your 
guest; will congratulate him on the prosperity which has crowned his 
life, and rewarded his virtue and capacity ; and thank him for the large 
and well-conceived charities, by which he has made, in such " good 
measure, pressed down, shaken to'gether and running over," the filial 
return for the parental love and care. 

But this is impossible ; and I can only wish you an unclouded Octo- 
ber sun to shine upon your tent, and a fair harvest moon to light you 
all homeward when the banquet is over. 



91 

I am tempted, adverting to the changes which Mr. Peabody will fitid 
Time to have wrought in our beloved Danvcrs ; the new faces he will 
see, the old ones he will seek in vain ; and tlie whole graceful and de- 
lightful welcome he is receiving, to enclose you, if you and he will 
excuse its personalitj^, the following. 

I am, most truly, your friend, 

RUFUS CHOATE. 

Our Guest — A living man, in the prime of liis life, and a baclielor ; he stands to- 
day in the midst of a numerous, grateful, and fond posterity — all the better, wiser, 
and happier for their ancestor. 



[From Edmund A. Grattan, Esq.] 

British Consulate, Boston, 

Saturday, Oct. 11, 1856. 
Hon. R. S. Daniels, President of the 

Peabody Celebration, South Danvers — 
Dear Sir : 

I regret extremely that in consequence of a misapprehension on 
my part in regard to the toasts to be given from tlie Chair at the dinner 
at Danvers on Thursday last, I had not an opportunity of making the 
few remarks expressive of my high regard for Mr. Peabody, and of my 
gratification at the admirable character of the celebration, which I had 
proposed to deliver had I been called upon. I should have gladly 
borne my testimony, as an Englishman, to the great esteem and respect 
in which your distinguished fellow-countryman is universally held in 
England, and have referred to the constant efforts of Mr. Peabody to 
cultivate friendly relations and to promote a good understanding be- 
tween England and America, which have given him so high a place 
in the affections and regard of the people of both countries. 

It has been my good fortune more than once to have partaken of 
Mr. Peabody's hospitalities in London, and to have been present on 
some of those festive occasions which, under his auspices, have so 
often brought together Englishmen and Americans for purposes of easy 
and unrestrained social intercourse. Many persons, occupying eminent 
positions on both sides of the Atlantic, have thus had opportunities of 
meeting which would probably otherwise not have been afforded to 
them ; and who can say how many prejudices may not have been re- 
moved, asperities softened, and misunderstandings rectified, by the 
interchange of kindly sentiments thus brought about. 

Mr. Peabody's mercantile career has been crowned with great and 
eminent success ; still I am sure I may safely say that his highest title 
to consideration, and that which he himself most values, is that of a 
peacemaker. 

I cannot but refer, in terms of sincere satisfaction, to the cordial 
spirit of good will towards the peoplfe of England, and of respect for 
her Majesty the Queen, by which the proceedings of Thursday were 
so eminently marked, and which may be said to have given an almost 
international character to the celebration ; and I beg. Sir, that you will 
allow me, through you, to congratulate the citizens of Danvers upon 



92 

the entire success of the festivities prepared by them in honor of their 
distinguished fellow-townsman, the remembrance of wliich will doubt- 
less be cherished in his memory as amongst the most gratifying events 
of his life. 

I have the honor to be, dear sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

EDMUND A. GRATTAN. 



[From Washington Irving.] 

SUNNYSIDE, Oct. 7th, 1856. 
To Messrs. A. A. Abbott, Fitch Poole, Eben Sutton, 

R. S. Daniels, and Geo. Osborne, Cora, of Invitation — 
Gentlemen : 

It would give me great pleasure to accept the invitation with which 
the citizens of the Old Town of Danvers have honored me, to attend 
the reception and dinner they propose to give to their worthy and dis- 
tinguished townsman, George Peabody, Esq., a gentleman to whom 
our whole country is deeply indebted for the generous and noble man- 
ner in which he has illustrated the American character. I regret, 
however, to say that my engagements and occupations are such at 
present as put it out of my power to absent myself from home. 
With great respect. Gentlemen, 

Your obliged and humble serv't, 

WASHINGTON IRVING. 



[From Charles A. Davis, Esq.] 

New York, 4th Oct., 1856. 
To the Committee of Danvers on the occasion of the Public 

Reception of their fellow-townsman, George Peabody, Esq. — 
Gentlemen : 

As Chairman of the " Executive Committee" here of a large body 
of our fellow-citizens, who united in an invitation to Mr. Peabody to a 
public dinner in this city, I have this day received your kind invitation 
to your intended festival of gratitude on the 9th of this month, to wel- 
come the return to you, of your distinguished townsman. 

As this invitation seems intended for all who joined in the desire to 
manifest their high appreciation of Mr. Peabody on his arrival here, I 
am unable, for want of time, to communicate it personally or individ- 
ually to each, and can do no more (and I could hardly do less) than to 
give it publicity in our leading city papers. 

For myself, gentlemen, I beg to offer you my sincere thanks, and 
would with pleasure and gratitude accept it and be with you in body, 
(as I shall be in spirit,) but engagements here prevent. 

We have read of late, gentlemen, of grand and gorgeous receptions 
of victors returning to their respective homes from the Crimea ; but 
you prove the truth of the adage that " peace has its victories as well 
as war." There are " Inkermans," " Redans," and " Malakoffs" of 
national prejudices and national enmities, quite as formidable as those 



93 

of granite and iron at Scbastopol ; in demolishing the former, our hero 
has been as victorious as the most heroic of heroes who have triumphed 
over the latter. Honor then to George Peabody ! for the garland of 
victory he has won bears not a leaf of cypress to mar its beauty. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

CHAS. AUG. DAVIS. 



[From Dr. Kane.] 
Gentlemen : 

I acknowledge, with my thanks, your invitation to join in the wel- 
come extended to Mr. Peabody by his native town. Nothing but abso- 
lute necessity, attendant upon my departure for England on Saturday, 
would prevent my being present, and I thank you for the opportunity 
which your letter affords me of expressing my high respect for your 
honored guest. 

I am. Gentlemen, very sincerely, 

Your obedient servant. 
New York, Oct. 7, 1856. E. K. KANE. 

Messrs. A. A. Abbott, R. S. Daniels, and others. 



[From Ex-Gov. Boutwell.] 

Stockbridge, Oct. 8th, 1856. 
To Messieurs Fitch Poole, A. A. Abbott, 

Eben Sutton, R. S. Daniels, and George Osborne — 

Your invitation to be present at a public reception and dinner, to be 
given to your distinguished townsman and benefactor George Peabody, 
Esquire, reached me at this place, and I regret that it is not in my 
power to pay my respects in person to a man who is an honor to his 
country and age. 

This generation cannot fully appreciate the benign effects of Mr. 
Peabody's munificence, but his deeds and example will never cease to 
exert an elevating and refining influence upon the civilization of Mas- 
sachusetts. 

I am, with sincere respect. 

Your obliged fellow-citizen, 

GEO. S. BOUTWELL. 



[From Peter Cooper, Esq.] 

New York, Oct. 6, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

Your note of the 29th inst. is received, extending to me an invita- 
tion to unite with the citizens of Danvers in a public reception of Geo. 
Peabody, Esq., on his return to his native town after an absence of 
more than twenty years. I thank you, gentlemen, for your kind invi- 
tation, and beg to assure you that it is with sincere regret that I have to 
reply that it will be out of my power to be with you on that occasion, 



94 

to manifest by my presence there the admiration and profound respect 
that I feel for one who has done so much to advance the honor and 
interest of his native country. No other American has done so much 
by his residence abroad to elevate the commercial character and credit 
of our country as he. His unbounded hospitality and acts of munifi- 
cence are known to all his countrymen, and it is peculiarly fitting that 
they should show to him, on his return among them, their gratitude for 
his services and hospitalities, and the high admiration they entertain for 
his character and abilities. 

I am. Gentlemen, very truly. 

Your obedient servant, 

PETER COOPER. 
To Fitch Poole, Esq., etc.. Committee. 



[B'rom Hon. R. C. Winthrop.] 

Boston, 7th Oct., 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

Few things would afford me greater pleasure than to witness the 
reception of Mr. Peabody, by the Old Town of Danvers, on Thursday 
next, and to unite witli you in paying a deserved tribute of respect and 
gratitude to your distinguished townsman and benefactor. 

I thank you sincerely for the invitation with which you have honored 
me, and for the kind and complimentary words by which it has been 
seconded. A previous and imperative engagement, at a stated meeting 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, on the same day, leaves me 
little hope of being able to join you until a late hour of the festival, and 
will perhaps deprive me of it altogether. But I am unwilling to forego 
the opportunity of expressing my deep sense of the services which Mr. 
Peabody has rendered not merely to his native place, by the noble In- 
stitute which he has established there, but to his whole country, and to 
the cause of peace and brotherly love throughout the world, by his 
large and liberal hospitality in London. 

It has never been my fortune to be present at any of those feasts of 
international good will which have given Mr. Peabody so enviable a 
distinction on both sides of the Atlantic, and which have become a sort 
of international institution. I have enjoyed no personal experience of 
the magic influence of that " loving cup." It seems, however, to have 
accomplished more in breaking down the barriers of reserve and dis- 
trust which have so long and so unfortunately separated Englishmen 
and Americans, than all the diplomacy of Washington or London. 

Once more let me unite with you, on paper, if I may not in person, 
in offering a cordial welcome to Mr. Peabody, on his temporary return 
to his native land, and in wishing for him a long and unbroken enjoy- 
ment of the health and wealth which he employs to such excellent and 
patriotic purposes. Massachusetts may well be proud to find herself 
represented in the great metropolis of the world by two such noble sons 
as Joshua Bates and George Peabody. Their names are inscribed 



95 

on kindred institutions, and their enlightened munificence will receive 
a common homage in every Massachusetts or American heart. 
Believe me, Gentlemen, with great respect. 

Your obliged and obedient servant, 

ROBERT C. WINTHROP. 

To Fitch Poole, etc.. Com. of Invitation. 



[From James Lawrence, Esq.] 

BcsTON, 6th Oct., 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I regret that my engagements will not permit me to accept the 
invitation with which you have honored me to unite with the citizens of 
Danvers in extending a welcome to Mr. Peabcdy. I should rejoice in 
the opportunity of adding my humble tribute of gratitude and respect 
for one, whose intelligent munificence has done so much for his native 
town. The benefit of his gift is not conferred, however, upon Danvers 
alone. I consider it a cordial testimony and an efficient aid to the 
friends of Popular Education and Free Schools throughout the world. 
I do not doubt that its results will equal the most sanguine hopes of its 
founder, and the best wishes of its friends. 

Allow me to subjoin a sentiment for your use, should an occasion 
offer for presenting it : 

The Pcabody Institute — May it flourish perennially, and be known, like the Kndi- 
cott Pear tree, by its fruits — and may the memory of its founder, like that of the 
First Governor, be cherished forever. 

I have the honor to be, Gentlemen, 

Your obliged and obedient servant, 

JAMES LAWRENCE. 
To A. A. Abbott, etc., Committee. 



[From Hon. Stephen C. Phillips.] 

Salem, October 8, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I regret that I cannot accept the invitation of the Committee, v/hich 
you have done me the favor to send to me. I cannot conceive of a 
more agreeable and interesting occasion than the reception of Mr. Pea- 
body in the mode in which you propose to conduct it. As an affecting 
welcome to a long-absent citizen upon his return to the home of his 
childhood — as a fit tribute of the gratitude and respect of an enlightened 
and virtuous community to an eminent benefactor, and as a becoming 
exhibition of the character and spirit of those upon whom his benefac- 
tions have been bestowed, it constitutes a combination of attractions 
which is perhaps without a parallel ; and the impressions it must pro- 
duce and the lessons it will furnish cannot fail to exert a wide and last- 
ing moral influence of the most beneficial tendency. That it will 
serve to recommend the example of Mr. Peabody to some who are in 
a situation to imitate it, is one of the results which may be hoped for 



96 

and expected ; and that it will afford to him, in all its incidents and 
associations, the purest satisfaction, who can doubt who properly esti- 
mate his motives, and who consider what it is which makes a wise 
man happy in the review of a virtuous and useful life. 

As I thus contemplate the characier of the occasion, I cannot but 
renew the expression of my regret that I must necessarily be absent ; 
while I remain. 

Yours very truly, 
F. Poole, Esq. S. C. PHILLIPS. 



[From Hon. Nathan Appleton.] 

Boston, 7 Oct., 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your invitation to 
the festival to be given George Peabody, Esq., on the 9th inst. at Dan- 
vers. Nothing would give me greater pleasure than to be present on 
that occasion, did the state of my health permit. I have shared in the 
hospitality of Mr. Peabody abroad, and have witnessed the liberality 
and patriotism with which he does honor to the character of an Ameri- 
can merchant. I therefore sincerely regret that I am obliged to deny 
myself the pleasure of accepting your invitation, and am, with great 
respect, Your obedient servant, 

N. APPLETON. 
Messrs. A. A. Abbott, R. S. Daniels, Fitch Poole, 
Ebon Sutton, Geo. Osborne, Committee. 



[From Geo. W. Porter, Esq.] 

Office Board of Trade, 
Gentlemen : Baltmiore, Oct. 12th, 1856. 

Your kind invitation to the President and Deputation from this 
Board to the dinner given at Danvers, on the 9th inst., in honor of the 
return of your distmguished townsman and benefactor, Geo. Peabody, 
Esq., was duly received, and though it was not in the power of any to 
be present on the occasion, the Board is none the less thankful for your 
courtesy. 

Very respectfully, your obt. serv't, 

GEO. W. PORTER, Sec. 
To R. S. Daniels, A. A. Abbott, Ebcn Sutton, 
Geo. Osborne, and F. Poole, Esqrs., S. Danvers. 



[From the Philadelphia Board of Trade.] 

Office of the Board of Trade, 

Philadelphia, Oct. 7th, 1856. 
R. S. Daniels and others. Committee of Invitation 

to Public Reception and Dinner to George Peabody, Esq. — 
Gentlemen : 

We have received your favor of the 29th ultimo, inviting us, as a 
deputation from the Board of Trade of this city, to be present at a 



97 

public reception and dinner, to be given in the old town of Danvers,, 
on the 9th instant, lo George Peabody, Esq. 

We should be most happy to join you in honoring a gentleman who 
has done so much, by his high character as a merchant, and his gen- 
erous zeal for the honor and interests of his native country, to merit 
the respect and grateful regard of all Americans; but the shortness of 
the time allowed us for the purpose, and previously existing engage- 
ments, will deprive us of that pleasure. Be pleased, however, to sub- 
mit to the meeting the following, as expressive of our sentiments : 

George Pcahodi/, Esq. — Distinguished in two hemispheres and honored in both, 
may he long enjoy the just rewards of a life whose proudest merit is the influence it 
has exerted in cultivating the mutual respect and strengthening the amicable rela- 
tions of Great Britain and America. 

Very truly your obedient servants, 

SAM'L V. MERRICK, 
SAMUEL C. MORTON, 
JOSEPH C. GRUBB, 
JAMES C. HAND, 
A. I. LEWIS, 
DAVID S. BROWN, 
THOMAS J. PERKINS, 
Co7n. of the Philad. Board of Trade. 



[From Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr.J 

Boston, 23 Oct., 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I regret that absence from the State prevented my acknowledging 
at an earlier period the invitation, with which you honored me, to be 
present at the dinner given to your liberal and distmguished townsman 
George Peabody. In common with almost every American who has 
visited Europe, I feel deeply indebted to his hospitality, and it is a 
source of unfeigned regret that circumstances prevented my being 
present on that most interesting occasion, when he returned in wealth 
and honor to the place he left as a poor and unfriended boy. 

Trusting you will pardon my apparent neglect in not replying at an 
earlier period to your invitation, 

I have the honor to be, 

Your obliged friend and servant, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jh. 

R. S. Daniels, Esq., Ch'm Com. of Reception. 



[From the Rev. Mr. Braman.] 

Georgetown, Oct. 7th, 1856. 
To Fitch Poole, Esq., and others — 
Gentlemen : 

Your kind letter, inviting me to be present at the public reception 
and dinner intended to be given to our worthy friend and countryman. 
7 



98 

George Peabody, Esq., of London, was duly received. I tliank you, 
gentlemen, for the honor you thus conferred upon an aged man. It 
would give me great pleasure to comply with your invitation, were I in 
the enjoyment of competent health and vigor, which I fear I am not. 
If Barzillai, the Gileadite, when only four score years old, could think 
himself excusable for not going up to Jerusalem with his king, whonn 
he highly esteemed and loved, much more may one who is in his 
eighty-seventh year be excused from going to South Danvers. I am 
not a spiritualist in the common acceptation of the word, but think my 
spirit will be with you on the proposed occasion. May you have a 
pleasant meeting, and do honor to your honorable guest. 

My prayer is, that the Literary Institution established by Mr. Pea- 
body in his native town may be so conducted and blessed as to pro- 
mote the Divine glory and the temporal and spiritual interests of many. 
Yours respectfully, 

ISAAC BRAMAN. 



[From Rev. I. W. Putnam.] 

MiDDLEBORO', Oct. 7, 1856. 
To IVIpssrs. Poole, Abbott, Sutton, Daniels, 

and Osborne, Committee, &c. — 
Gentlemen : 

Please accept my thanks for the honor of an invitation to the din- 
ner to be given to our distinguished fellow-townsman, Mr. Peabody, 
now of London. 

I deeply regret that it is not in my power to participate in the festiv- 
ities of the occasion. But I rejoice that my beloved old native town 
Danvers has now, in the Providence of God, an opportunity duly to 
respect and honor a son, whose life abroad has done so much to keep, 
the two great Anglo-Saxon nations on terms of growing friendship with 
each other, and whose noble liberality has made such ample provisions 
for the mental and social improvement of the present and the future 
generations of his native town. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ISRAEL W. PUTNAM. 



[From Rev. T. P. Field.] 

New London, Ct., Oct. 6, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

It affords me much pleasure to accept your invitation to the public 
reception and dinner to be given to George Peabody, Esq., of London, 
on the occasion of his visit to his native place. 

I shall be glad to unite with the citizens of Danvers in their testimo- 
nials of respect for one who has contributed so liberally for the promo- 
tion of knowledge and morality in his native town, and by his benevo- 
lence and patriotism, and upright and honorable course as a merchant, 
has won such merited distinction for himself in England and America. 

While I was Pastor of a Church in Danvers, I often heard the name 



99 

of Mr. Peabody spoken with sincere affection by his former friends 
and acquaintances, and I learned to think of him as a man of a noble 
and generous spirit, before it had been manifested as munificently as it 
has since been, in the endowment of the Peabody Institute. 

I left Danvcrs at too early a period to derive any personal benefit 

t'rom this benefaction, but I can congratulate the clergy no less than the 

laity of the town on the additional means thus furnished them for that 

mental culture so essential to the successful prosecution of their work. 

Very respectfully yours, 

THOS. P. FIELD. 

Geo. Osborne, Eben Sutton, and others, Com. of Inv. 



[From Rev. C. C. Sewall.j 

Medfield, October 9, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I return my sincerest acknowledgments for the invitation you have 
done me the honor to tender to me, to join with the citizens of old 
Danvers in the expression of their gratitude and respect to their distin- 
guished townsman and benefactor, George Peabody, Esq., of London. 
[ regret that the lateness of its reception precluded the possibility of 
setting aside engagements which demanded my attention to-day, and 
that I could not participate in the pleasures of the occasion. 

I am not, as you are aware, a native, nor a citizen of old Danvers. 
But you will believe me, gentlemen, there are hallowed associations 
and remembrances binding me strongly to the place in which it was 
my privilege, for many years, to claim my home, and which will never 
permit me to be indifferent to anything affecting the name and the in- 
terests of Danvers. I would, therefore, join most heartily with you 
and your fellow-citizens, in paying the tribute so justly due to him, 
whose liberality and considerate regard for the place of his nativity 
has opened, to the present and future generations of her citizens, a 
mine of immeasurable wealth in the means of intellectual and moral 
culture and improvement provided for them. From my heart would I 
give honor to the man of wealth, who, believing " there is that scatler- 
eth.and yet increaseth," enlarges his wealth by dividing it, for the best 
interests of humanity, by providing for the elevation and happiness of 
his race. He invests his property in those enduring treasures which 
an Almighty arm will protect, and whose continually enlarging gains 
shall be realized and enjoyed in Heaven. 

May they, whose privilege it is to enjoy the benefit of your towns- 
man's wisdom and liberality, be faithful to preserve and improve that 
privilege ! 

With sentiments of the highest regard for yourselves personally, and 
for the citizens of old Danvers whom you represent, 
I am, Gentlemen, yours truly, 

CHARLES C. SEWALL. 

Messrs. R. S. Daniels, G. Osborne, A. A. 
Abbott, E. Sutton, F. Poole, Com. of Inv. 



100 
[From the Rev. J. W. Hanson.] 

Messrs. R. S. Daniels, Geo. Osborne, A. A. Abbott, " 
Fitch Poole, Eben Sutton, Committee, &c. — 
Gentlemen : 

You cannot tell how sorry I am that your invitation to attend your 
delightful festival did not reach me — owing to my absence from home — 
until it was too late. I should, by all means, have endeavored to be 
with you. Although I was but a temporary sojourner in your noble 
town, and not a native, the many friendships I formed there, and the 
fact that during my residence I became your historian, in a humble 
way, and my great respect for your distinguished guest, would liave 
drawn me thither had it been possible. I am heartily glad to know 
that the occasion passed off so pleasantly, and trust tliat great prosperity 
may ever attend the town, all parts of it : Walquack, Brooksby, the 
Neck, the Plains, the South Parish, even to the Dishful. May liemlock 
bark be plenty, and onions ever prolific, and witches evermore un- 
known. And should perilous times ever visit our country, may your 
citizens emulate their sires in defending her. 

Sincerely yours, 
Gardiner, Oct. 13, 1856. J. W. HANSON. 



[From Rev. Dr. Bigelow.] 

Boston, October 9th, 1856. 

To Messrs. R. S. Daniels, Geo. Osborne, and others. Com. — 
Gentlemen : 

I thank you heartily for the invitation with which you have hon- 
ored me to join you and the citizens at large of the good " Old Town 
of Danvers," in the public reception proposed to be given this day to 
your " distinguished townsman and benefactor" George Peabody, Esq., 
of London. 

It would be extremely gratifying to me to unite with you in the tcjsti- 
monials of respect and gratitude to be offered to a gentleman so richly 
deserving the ovation designed, and all the joyful gratulations with 
which it will be accompanied, on his return for a temporary visit, after 
3o long absence, to his native place ; — a gentleman worthy of all honor 
for his eminent personal merits, and entitled to the grateful estimation 
of the community for his generous hospitalities so often profusely dis- 
pensed, and many other benevolent offices rendered to his countrymen ; 
and still more, for his simple yet noble bearing, and the weight and 
dignity which he has lent to the American name and character in the 
conspicuous position (though a private one) which he has so long occu- 
oied in the World's Commercial Metropolis. 

But the pleasure which I should experience in meeting you and your 
distinguished guest, on an occasion of such marked interest, is precluded 
to me by providential causes which constrain my absence. 

With assurances, nevertheless, of my warmest sympathies, and re- 
newed acknowledgments for your kindly 'remembrance, 
I remain. Gentlemen, very respectfully, 

Your obliged servant, 

ANDREW BIGELOW. 



101 

[The following is extracted from a letter recently received 
from Rev. Dr. Pierpont, under date of November 17th.] 

I am glad of having now the opportunity to say, what I am sure 
every man present will join me in saying, — that the clay, the whole 
day, — was to me one of the pleasantest that 1 have ever enjoyed. 
Nowhere but in New England, — may I not without offence say no- 
where but in Massachusetts, — could there have been made such an 
exhibition as was enjoyed in Danvers on the day of the Peabody festi- 
val. The heavens themselves seemed to enjoy it and sympathize with 
the vast crowd there assembled, — and assembled for what.? — not for 
the coronation of a new king — not for the inauguration of a new presi- 
dent — not to shout around the triumphal car of a victorious general 
returning to his country's capital with conquered princes chained to his 
chariot wheels — not even for the purpose of discussing a great political 
question or a good dinner, — but simply to see the face of a man who 
had used his large means in doing great good to his native townsmen, 
and to see the demonstrations of their gratitude for it. And who, thai 
saw the spectacle, could doubt the gratitude ! Was there a cloudy or 
a vinegar-looking face in Danvers that day ? 1 saw not one, and yet I 
saw a great many faces while I was there. In riding, as by the kind 
attentions of the committee to one somewhat stricken in years I was 
invited to do, along the ranks of the children belonging to the Danvers 
schools, admiring the neat uniforms of the boys and girls, their ever- 
green garlands and chaplets of flowers, and, better still, their sunshiny 
faces ! why, my dear sir, to confess my weakness, I had to out hand- 
kerchief. Well, I couldn't help it — though I hope the gentlemen, who 
rode in the same carriage with me, didn't observe it, as they might 
have thought it a proof of the reverend gentleman's early dotage. And 
when I heard the shouts of those children as Mr. Peabody's carriage 
passed along their ranks, I could not but think of " the children crying 
in the temple and saying, Hosanna to the son of David ! " I suppose 
that like Peter on a certain occasion, I very probably " wist not what 
[ said," yet I do remember saying to the gentlemen with me, " Well, 
generous as Mr. Peabody has been to Danvers, I think he will say in 
his heart that he has received to-day his money's worth." 

Would to God that all rich men knew as well as George Peabody 
how to invest a good portion of their abundant wealth. 
I am, sir, very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN PIERPONT. 

To Mr. Fitch Poole, for the Committee, &c. 



[From Rev. John Pike.] 

Rowley, Oct. 6, 1856. 
(Tenllemen : 

Your complimentary invitation is this morning received. Mr. 
Pike is but slightly relieved now of typhus fever. I communicated 
your note to him. He wishes me to say, that one of the saddest accom- 



102 

paniments of his sickness is, that he cannot share in your expected 
festivities. 

Danvers has rapidly gone before her sister towns and villages in ma- 
terial prosperity. But let her trium|)h most of all that she has given 
birth to a man so deservedly honored and loved, in both the new and 
the old world. They may yet outstrip her in wealth and industry, 
but probably they will never be able to speak of sons, whose skill in 
acquiring this world's goods is only equalled by a discriminate and 
large benevolence in bestowing them. May God long spare your dis- 
tinguished guest to execute well his earthly stewardship. And may 
•vou by his benefactions be made as remarkable for your knowledge, 
as your own industry has made you distinguished for outward pros- 
perity. 1 am, gentlemen, very respectfully yours, 

Deborah S. Pike, 
In behalf of her husband, 

JOHN PIKE. 

Messrs. A. A. Abbott, Fitch Poole, and otliers. 

Committee of Invitation to the Pcabody Celebration. 



[From William Gushing, Esq.] 

Newburyport, Oct. 7th, 1856. 
Messrs. R. S. Daniels, A. A. Abbott, Eben Sutton, 

George Osborne, and Fitch Poole, Esqrs. — 
Gentlemen : 

Your ftivor of the 29th ult., inviting Aldermen Hills and Williams, 
with myself, to visit Danvers the 9th inst., on the occasion of the re- 
ception and dinner to George Peabody, Esq., of London, was handed 
me the evening of the 4th inst. on my return from the South. 

If my other engagements will permit, I shall be most happy to join 
whh you on that interesting occasion. At least, I shall endeavor to 
pass an hour or two with you and pay my respects to your distinguished 
townsman. 

Messrs. II. and W. unite with me in thanking you for this kind invi- 
tation, and they will, if possible, visit you on that day. 
Very truly, your obt. servt, 

WILLIAM GUSHING. 



[From Edward S. Rand, Esq.] 

Newburyport, Oct. 6, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of in- 
vitation to the dinner to be given by the citizens of the old town of 
Danvers, on the occasion of the visit to his native town, of George 
Peabody, E.sq., and I beg to assure you of the pleasure it will give me 
to be present on so interesting an occasion. 

I am, very truly and respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

EDWARD S. RAND. 

To R. S. Daniels, George Osborne, Fitch Poole, 
A. A. Abbott and Eben Sutton, Esqrs., Committee. 



103 

[From N. I. Bowditch, Esq.] 

Boston, Oct. 9, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

It was only through the newspapers of to-day that I accidentally 
learned the fact that you had done me the honor of extending to me 
an invitation. 

As a native of Essex County, and especially as a son of one whose 
early childhood was spent in Danvers, I should have been much grati- 
fied to have been' present at the public reception given to your distin- 
guished townsman, — your guest of to-day, — his name will be a house- 
hold word among your children's children. His splendid hospitalities 
in a distant land, and his wise munificence at home, have endeared 
him alike to his birthplace and to the nation. 

Yours respectfully, 

N. I. BOWDITCH. 

Hon. A. A. Abbot, &c., Committee. 



[From George Peabody, Esq., of Salem.] 

Messrs. George Osborne and others, Committee. — 
Gentlemen : 

I regret extremely that it will not be in my power to accept your 
polite invitation to the dinner to be given to Mr. Peabody, — being most 
unexpectedly obliged to embark for Europe. 

I cordially sympathize with you in the sentiments of respect and 
gratitude which you feel for the man who has done so much to render 
the American name respected abroad, and whose attachment to the 
home of his childhood has been so signally manifested by wise acts of 
beneficence. 

Gratitude is said not to be a virtue of republics ; but I am sure that 
the spontaneous homage rendered to Mr. Peabody by the citizens of 
Danvers, will show conclusively that the accusation has no foundation 
in our community. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEORGE PEABODY. 



[From Hon. Asahel Huntington.] 

Salem, Oct. 4, 1856. 
Messrs. A. A. Abbott, F. Poole, E. Sutton, 

R. S. Daniels, Committee of Invitation, &c. — 
Gentlemen : 

Any invitation coming in behalf of the old town of Danvers would 
be entitled to the most respectful consideration, and to a ready and 
cordial response ; but when it is proposed to do honor to a distinguished 
son of theirs, — to one who has reflected the highest credit on his coun- 
try, as well as on the place of his nativity, — your invitation is clothed 
with a weight of authority, which it would be quite difficult to resist. 1 
shall be most happy to unite with yotir fellow-citizens, in paying a 
hearty tribute of respect to Mr. Peabody, who may well be regarded 



104 

;is a public benefactor, — a friend of his race and generation, — not for- 
getting the '' future generations," — and therefore himself well worthy 
of uU manner of public regard and respect. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

A. HUNTINGTON. 



[From Joseph Peabody, Esq.] 

New York, Oct. 4th, 1856. 
Messrs. Abbott, Poole and others, 

Committee of Invitation, &c. — 
Gentlemen : 

I am greatly obliged by your courteous invitation (just received) 
to the reception and dinner to be given by yourselves and fellow-citi- 
zens to our mutual friend, Mr. George Peabody, of London. 

I shall have great pleasure in being present on an occasion so full 
of interest to all of us. 

Again renewing my thanks for your kindness in thinking of me, I 
remain. 

Very respectfully and truly yours, 

JOSEPH PEABODY. 



[From John W. Proctor, Esq.] 

South Danvers, Sept. 4th, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your invitation to 
be present on the 9th inst., and unite with my fellow-citizens of the 
" old town of Danvers," in an expression of gratitude and respect to 
our " distinguished townsman and benefactor, George Peabody, Esq., 
of London." 

Be assured, gentlemen, that your efforts to honor him who has so 
greatly benefited us, in his wise provision for the diffusion of knowl- 
edge and virtue among us, has my most hearty approbation. 
I accept your invitation. 

Truly, your obedient servant, 

JOHN W. PROCTOR. 
To R. S. Daniels, Eben Sutton, Geo. Osborne, A. A. 
Abbott, Fitch Poole, Esqrs., Committee of Invitation. 



[From Samuel Peabody, Esq.] 

Andover, Oct. 7, 1856. 
To A. A. Abbott, Fiteh Poole, Eben Sutton, 

K. S. Daniels, and George Osborne, Esqrs. 
Gentlemen : 

Your polite note of the 29th ult. is received. I shall certainly 
give myself the pleasure to wait on you and attend the dinner, unless 
prevented by want of health. 

You will allow the Peabody Family to be proud of this well merited 



105 

honor, so freely and cordially conferred on their most distinguished 
son. This is not the cold heartless compliment of an individual, but 
the warm gush of gratitude of hundreds. 

Your obedient servant, 

SAMUEL PEABODY. 



[From Dr. Richard Spofford.] 

Newburyfort, Oct. 7th, 1856. 
A. A. Abbott, Esq. — 
Dear Sir : 

Allow me to congratulate you on the anticipated visit of your dis- 
tinguished townsman, and our distinguished countryman, George Pea- 
body, Esq., of London. 

I regret extremely that my health will not permit me to be present 
on this happy occasion. That I must decline the honor of uniting with 
his fellow-townsmen, in their "expression of gratitude and respect." 
Yours, very respectfully, 

R. S. SPOFFORD. 
N. B. — Should sentiments be offered at the dinner, allow me to say : 

George Peabody, Esq., of London — An honor and an ornament both to England 
and America. 



[From Jeremiah Spofford, Esq.] 

Groveland, Oct. 6, 1856. 
Gentlemen : 

I received your kind invitation to the reception of my old friend, 
Mr. Peabody, and shall attend Deo volenle. 

My acquaintance and frequent visits with that family are among the 
most pleasing reminiscences of my boyhood and youth. 1 have the 
most vivid recollection of most of the localities of your neighborhood ; 
derived more particularly from my rambles with his elder brother, — 
often accompanied by the young brother, — now your honored guest. 
With great respect, yours, 

JEREMIAH SPOFFORD. 

Messrs. Alibott, Poole, Sutton, Daniels and Osborne. 



[From Samuel Lawrence, Esq.] 

Boston, Oct. 8th, 1856. 
Eben Sutton, Esq.. Danvers — 
My Dear Sir : 

Will you oblige me by saying to your Committee that their kind 
invitation to participate with the citizens of Danvers to-morrow, in doing 
honor to one of her noblest sons, whom I claim as a personal friend of 
many many years, I am obliged to decline, in consequence of the death 
of a sister-in-law yesterday. My heart will be with you, and I remain, 
Your obt. servt. and friend, 

SAMUEL LAWRENCE. 



106 

[From Commodore Stringham.] 

Com. Stringham presents his compliments to the citizens of the 
" Old Town of Danvers " for the kind invitation extended him through 
their Committee, to unite with them in the public demonstrations in 
honor of George Peabody, Esq., on the 9th inst., but is compelled, 
from other engagements, to deprive himse4f of the pleasure. 

His best wishes attend you, gentlemen, in your endeavors to express 
the regard and esteem due to a generous benefactor and worthy man. 

Navy Yard, Boston, Oct. 6, 1856. 
Messrs. A. A. Abbott, and others, Committee of Invitation. 



[From Hon. Daniel A. White ] 

Salem, Oct. 8, 1856. 
Messrs. A. A. Abbott, Fitch Poole, 

Ebon Sutton, II. S. Daniels, Geo. Osborne — 
Gentlemen : 

I regret that absence from Salem for the last five days has pre- 
vented an earlier acknowledgment of your kind invitation to join with 
the citizens of the " Old Town of Danvers," in their " public recep- 
tion and dinner proposed to be given to their distinguished townsman 
and benefactor, George Peabody, Esq." 

I thank you heartily for the honor of this invitation, and gladly ac- 
cept it in the hope of being present, to-morrow, and of enjoying, as 
heretofore, the high gratification of uniting my sympathies with those of 
the good people of Danvers, in honoring a benefactor, who is entitled 
to all honor, — whose early life was known to me, and whose noble vir- 
tues have inspired me with sincere respect. 

1 am, very respectfully, yours. 

D. A. WHITE. 



[From Hon. John G. King.] 

My Dear Sir : Salem, Oct. 9th, 1856. 

I have delayed answering the kind invitation of your Committee, to 
assist with the people of the old town of Danvers, on the occasion of 
the reception of their "distinguished townsman and benefactor, George 
Peabody, Esq., of London," in the hope that I might make such a dis- 
position of my engagements for that day as would enable me to be pres- 
ent. But now, at the last hour, finding this to be impossible, I beg to 
acknowledge tlie honor done me by this attention, and to express my 
disappointment that I cannot testify my high respect for your honored 
guest, and my regard for my friends and neighbors, by accepting your 
invitation. If there is anything in the course of the events of common 
life more worthy of respect and reverence than the spectacle this day 
exhibited in your ancient town, I know not when and where it is to be 
found. A man, who has attained the very phinacle of wealth and suc- 
cess in life by his industry, integrity, enterprise, and self-reliance, re- 
membering by wise and munificent benefactions the place of his birth, 
returning to it after a long absence with unabated love of his native 
soil and the scenes of his early days, and the whole people, from ex- 



lot 

treme old age to the very verge of infancy, uniting in a grateful tribute 
to his character, and acknowledgment of the blessings he has so disin- 
terestedly and bountifully conferred upon them ! Benefactions, too, 
not only relieving the wants of the needy, but liberally providing for 
the education of the young, and for the diffusion among them of all 
necessary helps to establish truth, knowledge and liberty in their com- 
munity forever. 

For such disinterested and thoughtful beneficence, for the eminently 
wise arrangements by which you have carried the views of your noble 
townsman into successful operation, and for such general and heartfelt 
gratitude as to-day pervades your ancient town, I have no words to 
express my i-espect and admiration. 

I am, dear sir, truly and respectfully yours, 

JOHN G. KING. 

Fitch Poole, Esq., 

of the Committee of Invitation, &c. &c., S. Danvers. 



[From Samuel Frothingham, Jr., Esq.] 
Gentlemen : 

Accept my acknowledgment for the honor of your invitation to 
the complimentary dinner to be given to George Peabody, Esq., by the 
citizens of Danvers, on the 9th inst. ; and the assurance of my Seep 
regret that engagements of an imperative character will preclude my 
participating with you in the pleasure of so interesting an occasion. 
Very respectfully, your obt. servt., 

S. FROTHINGHAM, Jk. 
To Hon. R. S. Daniels, George Osbome, 
A. A. Abbott, Eben Sutton, Fitch Poole. 



[From W. W. Corcoran, Esq.] 

Gentlemen : Philadelphia, Oct. 7th, 1856. 

Your kind invitation of the 29th ult. only reached me here to-day, 
too late for mc to arrange to be present at the very interesting reception 
of our esteemed friend, Mr. Peabody, in his native town. 

Allow me to thank you for the honor you have done me, and to ex- 
press my sincere regret at not being able to be with you. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. W. CORCORAN. 

To F. Poole, Esq., and others. Committee. 



[From Alexander Duncan, Esq.] 

Dear Sir : Philadelphia, Oct. 7, 1856. 

I regret much that my attendance here, at the General Convention 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, as a delegate, must deprive me of 
the pleasure of accepting your very kind invitation to meet my friend, 
Mr. George Peabody, at his native place. 

With respect, your obt. servt., 

ALEX. DUNCAN. 



108 

[From Hon. George Bancroft.] 

New York, October 4, 1856. 
My Dear Sir : 

I have received your invitation to be present at your festival of 
next week, and regret most sincerely, that my engagements prevent 
my going so far from home at this time. The eulogist of a very dis- 
tinguished American, who like your guest passed most of his life in 
Europe, was able to say of him, that dying he remembered his birth- 
place. Our friend has done better ; he has given proof that in all his 
absence he has preserved " his heart untravelled ;" and during his life- 
time he wisely connects himself by grateful deeds with the home of his 
boyhood. I should bp very glad to join with you in bidding him cor- 
dially welcome on his return. 

I am ever, dear sir, very truly yours. 
Fitch Poole, Esq. GEORGE BANCROFT. 



[From Hon. Henry Barnard.] 

Boston, Oct. 8th, 1856. 
To Fitch Poole, Esq., and others — 

4il beg to acknowledge the honor of your invitation sent to me at 
Hartford and renewed through Mr. Blake, to attend the public recep- 
tion which the towns of Danvers and South Danvers, by a unanimous 
vote, propose to give to George Peabody, of London, in consideration 
of his high commercial character, his truly national services to the 
mercantile credit of his country in times of pecuniary wreck and disas- 
ter, and his many acts of public spirit and philantiiropy towards his 
native place during his long residence abroad. 

Although not partial to fetes of any kind, or to ovations to the living 
for any degree of merit, I shall be happy to witness and join in the 
popular demonstration of respect and gratitude, so seldom bestowed 
save on the successful politician and military chinfiain, — towards one 
who wears the honors of great wealth so meekly, and employs it on 
such large objects of patriotism, humanity, science and education. 
But whether I am with you in person or not, be assured I shall be with 
you and your towns-people in spirit to-morrow, — happy in an oppor- 
tunity to express my acknowledgments for many personal attentions 
extended to me while sojourning in London. My thanks for the 
exaltation which he, a poor boy of Danvers, has given to the character 
of the American merchant, not so much by his eminent success ac- 
quired by sagacity, probity, and diligence, but for retaining his home- 
bred partialities in foreign lands, and at the same time using his great 
opportunities to bind two great countries in the bonds of social inter- 
course ; and, more than all, my thanks, as an humble laborer in the field 
of popular education, for his munificent endowment to promote the 
cause of morality and learning, by books and lectures, and to encourage 
scholarship and good behavior in the public schools in his native town. 
With great respect, your obedient servant, 

H. BARNARD. 



■ JiJifi'iiiiM«9H«na««9^nBnNaBi« 









..V ''^s^ 






islffljl^/ , 





109 



The shades of evening were now fast hastening on, and the 
company felt obliged to separate. Mr. Peabody and his friends 
were escorted from the Pavilion by the military company to 
the residence of the President of the day, and many of the 
guests, from a distance, left town in the evening trains. 



THE EVENING LEVEES. 

The great public Levee at the Hall of the Peabody Insti- 
tute was attended by crowded throngs of our citizens, who 
were eager to obtain an introduction to Mr. Peabody and offer 
him their congratulations. The ease and courtesy with which 
he received such lumibers of people, taking each one by the 
hand as they passed him, was a subject of common remark. 
To most he had an appropriate word to say, and frequently, 
as a familiar name occurred, he would recall incidents of his 
youth, connected with families and localities, which showed a 
most accurate and retentive memory. He was especially at- 
tentive to the children presented to him, making familiar 
inquiries as to the particular school they attended, their part in 
the procession, with sometimes a word of counsel. 

As soon as the pressure was relieved, and the curiosity of 
the people in a measure gratified, Mr. Peabody retired from 
the Hall and attended another Levee at the residence of Blr. 
Daniels, whose guest he was during his present visit. Here a 
large company had assembled to pay their respects to Mr. 
Peabody, and partake of the hospitality of his host. 

At the same hour the hospitable and elegant mansion of Gen. 
Sutton, the Chief Marshal of the day, was thrown open, and 
thronged with numerous guests. The Governor and suite were 
there, and a fine band of martial music in attendance. Here, 
also, Mr. Peabody appeared late in the evening, to the great 
gratification of the company assembled. He must have been 
greatly fatigued from the exertion and excitements of the day, 
but he appeared in fine spirits, receiving his friends with the 



no 

same courtesy and attention as if it were but an ordinary 
occasion. 

This was a brilliant and graceful conclusion of a day, de- 
lightful in itself, interesting in its events, and unexpectedly 
successful in its results. 



THE NEXT DAY. 

Mr. Peabody appeared in our streets the next morning, ap- 
parently as fresh and vigorous as usual. He made personal' 
inquiry and observation of all matters relating to the Institute, 
examining the Treasurer's books, and the books and forms used 
in the management of the Library. While in the Library 
Room he entered his name as an applicant for books, having 
complied with the regulations, by obtaining a certificate of 
recommendation from one of the Board of Reference. 

He expressed great satisfaction with all the proceedings of 
the Town, the Trustees, and the Committee ; declared his con- 
tinued interest in the success of the Institute, and his intention 
to sustain it. He said he was not only pleased with its man- 
agement, but proud of its high position and successful results. 

He passed the remainder of the day in company with his 
sisters in visiting the "homes and haunts" and friends of his 
early youth. At about five o'clock in the afternoon they took 
their departure for Georgetown, the place of residence of one 
of his sisters. As they passed through Danvers a large crowd 
was gathered in the square, near the Village Bank, expecting 
his approach. He met their congratulations by bowing to the 
people on either side, until his progress was arrested by a chain 
of little children, who had joined hands and thus stopped his 
carriage. The people then thronged about him, eager to grasp 
his willing hand, after which he arose in his carriage and ex- 
pressed his pleasure at the agreeable device by which he had 
been waylaid on his journey, and publicly thanked the citizens 
for this gratifying interview, and the more public honors he 
had received, which, he said, were far more than he could 



Ill 

have anticipated, and which would ev^er be remembered and 
cherished in his heart. He then bade tlie people farewell and 
drove away, while cheer upon cheer went up from the people, 
and followed him until out of hearing. 

Another pleasant incident occurred at this locality, which, 
although not immediately connected with our celebration, yet, 
as it grew out of it, we will narrate. 

On Friday morning, Governor Gardner, accompanied by 
Gen, Sutton, of whom he was a guest, proceeded to North 
Danvers, to view the decorations which adorned the route over 
which Mr. Peabody passed the day before. He was stopped 
near the Village Bank Building, on the steps of which, Rev. 
A. P. Putnam, of Roxbury, now visiting his native place, ad- 
dressed him a few pertinent words of welcome, which Gov- 
ernor Gardner responded to, according to the Boston Journal, 
substantially as follows : — 

'• He said it was a great pleasure to him to meet the citizens 
of Danvers at such a time, and in such a way. He should not 
regret that he acceded to the proposal of his esteemed friend, 
(Gen. Sutton,) and from his hospitable mansion took this morn- 
ing ride to the flourishing village of Danvers. Everywhere as 
he rode along he saw unmistakable proofs of an industrious 
and energetic population — proof that the worthy men of the 
past were not succeeded by an unworthy posterity. His mind 
could not but dwell upon the scene of yesterday. That was a 
glorious occasion. That was an ovation which, in all its de- 
tails, none but a New England town could carry through so 
successfully. It was a noble tribute to the worth of a noble 
man. Should the opportunity be aff'orded him, he should 
gladly embrace it to visit Danvers again, when he would tarry 
longer, and form a fuller acquaintance with her people." 

At the conclusion of the Governor's remarks, crowds came 
forward to shake him by the hand, after which he was con- 
ducted over the bank building by Wm. L. Weston, Esq., the 
Cashier, after which a few more pleasant remarks were ex- 
changed between the guest and the people. 



112 



CONCLUSION. 

In concluding this narrative of the events of a day, long to 
be remembered as one of the most illustrious in our local his- 
tory, we may be indulged in the expression of an honest pride 
in the success which has attended our efforts to do honor to 
our Guest. In this, our aim, we feel that all our arrangements 
have been wisely conceived, and most happily carried out. It 
is and always will be a source of pleasant contemplation to our 
citizens to dwell upon its various particular incidents and its 
beauty as a whole. 

Its successful results in the main objects for which it was 
undertaken — the rendering of honor where honor was preem- 
inently due, the enlargement of mind to which it gave rise, 
the feelings of amity and good will it called forth, the delight 
it afforded to the thousands who flocked to behold it, the 
thankfulness and gratitude it inspired, — all these are practical 
benefits, growing out of the scenes of that red-letter day in our 
calendar, which far surpass in value any pecuniary cost by 
which they have been secured. 

It is with a view to perpetuate the remembrance of the 
events of the festival in the minds of those who were so fortu- 
nate as to be participators, and to give information to those 
who, although absent, yet feel an interest in our town, or in 
its honored guest, that they have been here chronicled. Nor 
is this all. We wish these Memorials to exist as annals in our 
history, for the benefit of our children and generations yet un- 
born. We wish this record to remain as part of the history of 
that Institution which is now doing so much, and which is 
destined in all coming time to do more, for the promotion of 
useful knowledge and sound morality. We wish to cherish 
in perpetual remembrance the benevolent deeds of its founder, 
and hold up his example for the imitation of others. We wish 
sacredly to preserve his precious words addressed to our chil- 
dren, that they may be the guide of successive generations as 
they come on the stage of action. 



113 

In presenting a narrative of passing events we have called 
in the aid of the artist's pencil to fix more permanently the 
scene on the memory of those who were present, and to gratify 
the laudable curiosity which may be excited in those who were 
absent. These pictorial representations add much to the per- 
manent value of the book, and its readers will be likely to 
regard them with feelings somewhat akin to those inspired by 
the skilfully-portrayed lineaments of a valued friend, delight- 
ing equally from the faithfulness of the picture and the pleas- 
ing remembrances it calls into exercise. 

Another source of gratification, if not of self-gratulation, to 
our people, is the unanimous and enthusiastic expression of 
satisfaction and delight with which our demonstration was 
regarded by the numerous strangers who honored the occasion 
by their presence. From all directions come congratulations 
and praise. Old Danvers is commended as much for her pub- 
lic spirit, her good taste, her hospitality, and her graceful ex- 
pression of gratitude to her benefactor as for her early patriot- 
ism and interesting historical associations. As her citizens go 
abroad they are met by what they regard as most extravagant 
compliments on their artistic taste and aptness for display. 

We have annexed to this account some of these compli- 
mQUtary remarks, from several newspapers, which were repre- 
sented here either by their editors, reporters or correspondents. 
Notwithstanding their seeming excess of eulogistic commen* 
dation, we can find no reason for doubting the sincerity of the 
writers. We therefore see no impropriety in placing them on 
record as part of the cotemporaneous history of the times. 

Nor are we governed wholly by selfish considerations in 
thus giving to the world a narrative detailing with minuteness 
the brilliant success of our endeavors. It is due, not only to 
ourselves, but to our eminent and distinguished townsman, 
that this record should be preserved. He was the object and 
occasion of our demonstrations of joy. To him we owe, more 
than to any wisdom exerted in devising our plans, the gratify- 
ing results of the day. His extended fame brought to our 
banquet the great and the learned of our land. Their presence 
8 



114 

gave character to our festival, and quickened and animated 
our people in their preparations. Our gratitude to him should 
therefore prompt us to place in an enduring form the results of 
our attempt to give it expression. 

The extended notoriety which has been given to this ova- 
tion has incidentally resulted, by the numbers of strangers who 
assembled here, in making more widely known our business 
operations and capabilities. To many persons abroad our 
town has occupied quite a secondary position, considered in its 
business relations, partly on account of its situation as the sub- 
urb of a neighboring city, and partly from the quiet and unob- 
trusive manner with which its principal business is conducted. 
Intelligent men from a distance, who for the first time have 
been personal observers of the signs of thrift in our business 
villages, have expressed themselves most happily disappointed 
to find such unmistakable evidences of extended business 
transactions. 

We are assured that this feeling of surprise was shared by 
him whose good opinion we value above all others, to find 
such proofs of enlargement and improvement so far beyond 
his highest expectations. He had heard much of our increase 
in population and wealth, and of improvements in external 
appearance, but he confessed that the changes had been far 
greater than his largest expectations had pictured. 

There is another object of this publication, which will not 
be effected without giving some particular account of the 
origin and history of the noble Institution which is planted in 
our midst. We therefore append a sketch of its history as a 
proper prelude to an account of the ceremonies which took 
place at the laying of the corner-stone of the edifice, and the 
exercises at its consecration to its appropriate uses. These 
occasions, as well as the one which it has been the principal 
object of these pages to delineate, are very important chapters 
in its history. They not only illustrate, in a graceful and 
happy manner, the origin, design, and end of the Institution 
itself, but add new brightness to the halo of light which encir- 
cles the name of its benevolent Founder. 




'^I^tl"^ *^/%^ 




115 

THE PRESS. 

[From the Boston Evening Transcript of October 9.] 

GEORGE PEABODY, ESQ. 

Two of the most enterprising and beautiful towns in this Common- 
wealth to-day present a rare and suggestive spectacle. The places a 
few years ago were divided, but to-day they are again united as of 
old, in an expression of gratitude and respect to a native son. He re- 
turns after an absence of more than twenty years to visit his relatives 
and the scenes of his youth, and to note the rapid progress of his native 
State, and the prosperity of his country. The merchants of the four 
great scats of American commerce have invited him to be their guest, 
and to receive such testimonials of public regard and consideration as 
are rarely given to a private citizen. Tliese flattering marks of respect 
from the leading merchants have been declined, and the business of a 
formal public welcome is reserved for the people of the old town of 
Danvers. They duly appreciate this honor and privilege, and the ser- 
vices of this day will show that it has fallen upon those who will make 
the occasion a memorable one. In order to give as full an account of 
the reception as possible, we omit several articles intended for insertion 
to-day, and present our readers with an extended report of the details 
of the celebration. 

George Peabody was born in Danvers, February 18th, 1795. For 
two centuries his family have been influential residents in Essex Coun- 
ty, and nearly all the Peabodys in the country have descended from 
the first settler of the name, who arrived in Topsfield, near Danvers, in 
1657. In May, 1807, Mr. Peabody, then a lad only eleven years of 
age, was placed in a grocery store, where he remained about four 
years. In April, 1811, he went as clerk with his brother David, who 
kept a dry-goods store in Newburyport. The great fire in that town 
the same year, destroyed the store of the brother, who failed in conse- 
quence of the loss, and the sudden death of his father, at about the same 
time, deprived him of a home. Thus, at the age of sixteen years, Mr. 
Peabody was an orphan without funds, situation or influential friends. 
In May, 1812, he sailed from Newburyport for Georgetown, D. C, 
with his uncle, and the two soon afterwards established themselves in 
the place last named, where they remained in business two years. 

Before Mr. Peabody was nineteen years of age he was admitted as a 
partner with Mr. Elisha Riggs. The dry goods house of Riggs & 
Peabody was removed to Baltimore in 1815, and other houses were 
established in Philadelphia and New York in 1822. In 1829, Mr. 
Riggs retired from the firm, and his nephew took his place, when the 
name of the house was changed to Peabcdy, Riggs & Co. He first 
visited England in 1827, and made several voyages during the ne.\t 
ten years. He last embarked for England in February, 1837, and 
until now has not since been in this country. In 1843, he retired from 
the firm above named, and established himself in London. 

" It is rare in this country," writes one who knows Mr. Peabody 



116 

well, "that, without advantages of birth, or inheritance, or education, 
or public place, a simple-minded, unobtrusive, straight-forward man, be- 
comes, by the few means that commercial life gives, preeminent among 
his peers; and it is rarer still, that in another country, and thai country 
famous for individual wealth, a man like this, among the merchant 
princes of that country's metropolis, should rise to distinction. That 
man's character which is elevated by means of pure personal merit, 
becomes, by the strongest title, the property of the rising generation of 
his country, for their model and example. And such a man is Mr. 
George Peabody." 

In June, 1852, the town of Danvers held its centennial celebration, 
and Mr. Peabody was invited to be present. In reply to this invitation, 
a letter was received from him, in which, after regretting his inability 
to be present at the approaching festival, alluding to his school-boy 
days, and the affection he retained for his native town, and remarking, 
in relation to the growth of our country, that " he could hardly see 
bounds to our possible future if we preserve harmony among ourselves, 
and good faith to the rest of the world, and if we plant the unrivalled 
New England institution of the Common Schools liberally among the 
emigrants who are filling up the great valley of the Mississippi" — he 
stated that he had enclosed a sentiment, and asked that it might remain 
sealed till his letter was read on the day of the celebration, when it was 
to be opened according to the direction on the envelope. In compli- 
nnce with the direction, the seal- was broken while the toasts were being 
proposed at dinner. This was the sentiment : 

Education — A debt due from present to future generations. 

Then came the following announcement, in eloquent proof that the 
above was, with him, not a mere sentiment : 

" In acknowledgment of the payment of that debt by the generation 
which preceded me in my native town of Danvers, and to aid in its 
prompt future discharge, I give to the inhabitants of that town the sum 
of twenty thousand dollars, for the promotion of knowledge and moral- 
ity among them. 

" I beg to remark, that the subject of making a gift to my native 
town has for some years occupied my mind, and I avail myself of your 
present interesting festival to make the communication, in the hope that 
it will add to the pleasures of the day." 

Mr. Peabody has since increased this gift to the sum of $45,000, and 
a large and beautiful brick edifice, known as the Peabody Institute, is 
now one of the prominent objects of interest in Danvers. In the upper 
story is a commodious lecture room, adorned by a splendidly framed 
full-length portrait of the liberal donor, the library-room being on the 
first floor. The library numbers at present 5000 well selected vol- 
umes, and the industry with which they are used, shows that the people 
of the town highly appreciate the kindness of their benefactor. Mr. 
Peabody also gives yearly $200 to be expended in medals for the meri- 
torious scholars of the two High Schools of the town, one of which, in 
honor 6f him, is called the Peabody High School. 

The new rooms of the Mercantile Library Association in this city 
are decorated with the portraits of prominent merchants ; Peter C. 



117 

Brooks, Thomas H. Perkins, Willinm Gray, Thomas C. Amory, Abbott 
Lawrence, Robert G. Shaw, and o:hers, and there is room for a num- 
ber more. Some of the older members of the Institution have em- 
ployed an artist to paint the portrait of Mr. Peabody from life, which 
they iniend to present to the Association. The work is now in prog- 
ress, and the artist has recently had several sittings at the residence of 
Mr. Peabody's sister, in Georgetown. This movement is highly cred- 
itable to all the parties concerned. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Peabody looks more a professional than 
a business man. He is some six feet tall, erect, with a florid com- 
plexion, and a fine bold forehead. He may be past fifty years in age, 
though his appearance does not indicate it. He is ready, intelligent in 
no ordinary degree, copious in power of expressing his views, and 
truly sincere in everything which he does and says. 

In commercial phrase he is preeminently a reliable man, showing 
neither to friends or enemies, under any circumstances, any phase of 
characler which will not be found stable in every event. 

The editor of the published account of the Danvers Centennial Cele- 
bration, in narrating ihe facts respecting the gift of Mr. Peabody, men- 
tions the circumstances of his youth, and adds thereto these words : 

" Might we invade the sanctuary of his early home, and the circle of 
his immediate connections, we could light around the youthful pos- 
sessor of a few hundreds of dollars, — the avails of the most severe and 
untiring efforts, — a brighter halo than his elegant hospitalities, his mu- 
nificent donations, or his liberal public acts, now shed over the rich 
London banker." 



[Specially reported for the Boston Transcript.] 
RECEPTION OF MR. PEABODY AT DANVERS. 

Danvers, Oct. 9, 1856. 

The people of Danvers have made extensive preparations for the 
festival that takes place to-day. The entire population enter into the 
arrangements in a way that shows how the beneficence of the princely 
merchant, Mr. Peabody, is regarded by the public here. Nearly every 
house on the chief streets of the town is decorated with more or less 
taste, and the wealthier occupants have been quite lavish in expenditure 
for this object. Main Street, as viewed from either end, with its tri- 
umphal arches and its rows of flags suspended at various points across 
the street, presents a magnificent appearance. This street is peculiar- 
ly well situated for decorations of this nature, from the beautiful border 
of trees that skirts the sidewalks. Other avenues, particularly Wash- 
ington Street, are handsomely decorated, and the day is a gala one for 
the people of all this vicinity. 

Many of the most distinguished citizens in the country are expected 
to participate in the proceedings of the occasion. Letters of invitation 
were sent to the following named gentlemen, some of whom, however, 
are unable to be present : — 

Hon. Rufus Choate ; Hon. George S. Hillard ; Hon. R. C. Winthrop ; 



118 

Rev. Dr. Walker, President of Harvard University ; Professor Felton ; 
Hon A. H. Rice, Mayor of Boston, and Hon. Win. Appleton, dele- 
gates from the city of Boston, whose municipal authorities invited Mr. 
Peabody to a public reception in that city ; Governor Gardner ; Mayors 
and Aldermen of Salem and Nevvburyport ; Charles Augustus Davis 
and delegates from New York ; S. V. Merrick, Esq., and deputation 
from Philadelphia; J. C. Brune, chairman of committee and delegation 
from Baltimore ; Messrs. T. Bigclow, James and Abbott Lawrence, 
N. I. Bowditch, George Bancroft, Dr. E. K. Kane, Alexander Duncan, 
(firm of Duncan & Sherman of Nevv York,) Rev. John Pierpont, Mrs. 
J. S. Morgan, (wife of Mr. Peabody's partner, resident in London,) 
T. G. Grattan, British Consul at Boston ; Hon. A. Huntington, Messrs. 
O. P. and N. J. Lord, George Peabody, David Pingree, Hon. John G. 
King, Judge Perkins, Hon. S. C. Phillips, Hon. R. S. Rogers, of Salem ; 
Hon. Henry Barnard, Superintendent of Schools ; Washington Irving ; 
W. W. Corcoran, banker in London ; Commodore Stringham of 
Charlestown ; Professor Agassiz; Peter Cooper of New York; Ex- 
Governor George S. Boutwell, George B. Blake, J. Murray Howe, 
Jarvis Slade, C. A. Davis of New York ; Lieut. -Gov. Raymond of 
New York ; Hon. N. G. Upham, formerly Commissioner to London ; 
the clergy of South Danvers and Danvers ; Henry Cristy of London ; 
.Toseph Peabody of New York, and many others. 

Letters were received from many of the above named gentlemen, 
expressing regrets at not being able to attend the Festival. 

Mr. Peabody was received at Rev. Mr. Fletcher's church, in Maple 
Street, Danvers, about 9 o'clock this morning, he having just arrived 
from Georgetown. From thence he was escorted by a cavalcade of 
Ladies and Gentlemen, and a procession consisting of the municipal 
authorities of North and South Danvers, invited guests, school teachers 
and pupils, fire department and military, to the Peabody Institute in 
South Danvers, where the first reception speech was delivered by Hon. 
Alfred A. Abbott. 



[Special telegraphic despatcli to the Transcript.], 

South Danveks, Thursday, 2 o'clock, P. M. 

The influx of strangers into Danvers is immense. At all the princi- 
pal points the sidewalks are lined with spectators : all portions of the 
town present a moving mass of humanity. The fair damsels of Essex 
are here in their strength, and the reputation for beauty they have long 
enjoyed is amply sustained by the bright eyes and rosy countenances 
visible on every hand. 

As the procession moved along the route previously prescribed, the 
plaudits of the throng and the smiles of the ladies indicated how strong- 
ly the favorite son of Danvers had enshrined himself in the hearts of 
her people. 

The procession was long and imposing. The cavalcade, composed 
of ladies and gentlemen, in itself a novel thing for an American fete, 
from the .strong numbers mustered and the admirable manner in which 
the riders bore themselves, was a marked feature of the cortege. 



119 

The military escort was performed by the Salem Cadets, which 
turned out 100 muskets, and never appeared on a better occasion, or 
with more credit to the citizen soldiery of Massachusetts. 

The schools had some 1500 children in the ranks, and the procession 
altogether numbered about 5000, and was one of the most truly beau- 
tiful and interesting pageants ever beheld. 

The procession, after having passed the locality fixed for the first 
welcome speech, countermarched, and again reached the spot about 
noon. 

The Address of Greeting was delivered by Hon. Alfred A. Abbott. 

To this Mr. Peabody replied, in a response full of deep feeling. 
Before Mr. Peabody commenced his responsive address a Hymn of 
Welcome was sung by a choir of school children. 

Mr. Peabody closed his address amidst loud cheers. The procession 
again re-formed and passed to the dinner tent, which occupied a field 
on Washington Street, and was beautifully decorated with flags and 
streamers. 

Many distinguished gentlemen are present, and will make speeches 
at the dinner. 

There will be a levee this evening, at which Mr. Peabody will re- 
ceive the congratulations of many of the citizens. 

The weather has been delightful, and everything passed off with un- 
expected perfection and success. 

The festival was a highly agreeable one throughout, and closed with 
an invitation to the company to meet Mr. Peabody in the evening at the 
residences of President Daniels and General Sutton. These levees 
were largely attended by the citizens, and formed a brilliant and hap- 
py conclusion to the ceremdnies of the day. 

Altogether, the decorations along the whole route of some four miles 
were of the most pleasing and appropriate character, and for variety, 
beauty and profuseness have rarely been paralleled on any festive oc- 
casion in this country. The scene must have awakened emotions of 
the most gratifying nature in the bosom of the distinguished guest and 
benefactor of the town. 



[From the Boston Daily Advertiser.] 
RECEPTION OF MR. PEABODY. 

The return of George Peabody, Esq., the eminent London banker, 
after an absence of more than twenty years, to his native town of Dan- 
vers, enriched a ^ew years since by a bounteous benefaction at his 
hands, — an event of no ordinary interest, — was appropriately cele- 
brated Thursday. The weather was favorable ; notwithstanding the 
lateness of the season, it was a bright, warm day, the pure atmosphere 
and clear skies contributing in no inconsiderable degree to the happi- 
ness of the occasion. The old town was dressed in holiday trim ; the 
inhabitants were awake to the interest and importance of the celebra- 
tion, and their faces beamed with pleasure as they prepared for the 
reception of their honored townsman. 

/ 



120 

It should be remarked, to avoid obscurity, tliat about a year ago, by 
an act of the legislature, the old town of Danvcrs was divided, the 
southerly portion being set off and incorporated by itself under the 
name of South Danvers, while the northerly portion retains the name 
of Danvers. Mr. Peabody very properly regarded the whole of the old 
town as one, and received and accepted the joint invitation of the 
two towns without reference to the separation ; he was first " received" 
in Danvers and proceeded to South Danvers, where the principal exer- 
cises of the day took place ; the citizens of both towns participating in 
all the exercises. 

****** 

Thus ended this most successful celebration. There were many 
features in it of especial interest. First and foremost, was its charaC' 
ter as a universal and spontaneous tribute of honor by all the people of 
the town. Again, it was particularly pleasant to see the school chil- 
dren forming so important a part in the pageant. There were more 
than a thousand of them, with happy, smiling faces. Thirty-one girls 
were dressed in a beautiful uniform to represent the several States of 
the Union, whose arms were depicted on shields which they bore. 
They were accompanied by three young ladies, tastefully dressed to 
personate England, Ireland and Scotland. The international feature 
of the celebration was a remarkable one — everywhere were the flags 
of Great Britain and the United States twined together — in one place a 
statue of Washington was displayed, supported on either side by Vic- 
toria and Albert; and, at the dinner, when Mr. Peabody alluded to the 
Queen, three cheers for her were proposed, and heartily given by the 
company. 

Mr. Peabody appeared in good health, and seemed to enjoy the day. 



[Reported for the Boston Atlas.] 
RECEPTION OF MR. PEABODY. 

Brilliant Ovation. Decorations, Procession, and Festival. — 
The citizens of the good old town of Danvcrs turned out en masse, 
Thtirsday, to receive their former fellow-citizen, now the distinguished 
London banker, who, by his public benefactions and private hospitality, 
has- won a place in the hearts of men the world over. 

The people of his native town, appreciating what he has done for 
them and coming generations, with praiseworthy gratitude tendered to 
Mr. Peabody an ovation, which, on the one hand, was merited, and, on 
the other, was all that could be desired. 

It was thought best that all of the territory comprised in the ancient 
town of Danvers should have part in the proceedings ; and each town, 
therefore, engaged in the matter with great energy. The decorations 
throughout the town, especially upon the route of the procession, were 
numerous and elegant. 



121 

[ Reported for the Boston Courier.] 

The reception of Ceoege Pfaecdy, E^q., by his old fricrds and 
neighbors, yesterday, ut,s an horor cf which ihe foiemost man in tlie 
republic might be proud. The ftclirg of cordialily was universal; 
and Old Salem suspended business 1o unile with Old Danvers in this 
ovalion. The gccd people of ihe surrour.dirg villages, loo, left their 
cusicmary day loil, and hurried lo do rcveicnce lo a benefactor; and 
commercial Boston was reprcsenied by numbers of the most solid of 
her solid merchants, and the municipal government by Mayor Eice. 
Newbury port, and Charleslown, ai d Eoxbuiy, and Canibridge, — in- 
deed, almost every considerable community in the Stale, — weie icpre- 
senled ; and th.e Governor of ihe Cfmm.orvvf alih, the Hon. Edward 
Everett, the wise and learned Piesident of Harvard College, and the 
British Consul, were present. 

The weather was charming — all th.at could be desired for an out-door 
demonstration. 

The school children attracted universal attention. They were dressed 
in their best attire. The ladies in the cavalcade added to the novelty 
and variety of the show ; and the firemen made an imposing appear- 
ance. Thirty-one little girls in white represented the Slates of the 
Union ; and Scotia, Erin and England were appropriately typified in 
the girls' department. Old Time, too, was ]iersonated by a youth on 
horseback. But wc must hurry on to the large themes of Hic day. 
The procession moved through the principal streets to the Peabody 
Institute, in front of which was an artificial platform. The distin- 
guished guests having taken seats assigned them, the school children 
having been arranged in an open square adjoining the Institute, the 
military and other bodies formed a solid mass in front of the building. 

The exercises at the Institute closed with singing by children ; and 
the procession was re-formed, and marched to the great canvas. 

The Dinner. — The dinner was held in J. B. Smith's large pavilion, 
which was finely decorated for the occasion. In the rear of the Presi- 
dent's chair was a large stuffed eagle, around which were the ensigns 
of the nation. Upon one of the masts of the pavilion was another 
eagle, holding in its beak a scroll, with the inscription — " P^ngland my 
abiding place; America my home." Sixteen hundred plates were 
laid. At two o'clock the dinner party entered the pavilion. It was a 
brilliant gathering. A large proportion of those present were ladies, 
whose beauty and intelligence gave an additional charm to the fes- 
tivities. 



[From the Boston Traveller of Oct. 9.] 
WELCOME OF GEOllGE PEABODY, ESQ. 

Great Preparations made for his Reception. Beautiful Dec- 
orations, &c., &c. — Great preparations have been and are being 
made, by the citizens of South Danvers and Danvers, to welcome back 
to his native town Mr. George Peabody ; and it will undoubtedly be a 
great day, not only for Danvers, but for the whole of old Essex County. 
The citizens appear to have left nothing undone which would serve to 



122 

make the affair pass off with. great celat ; and it cannot fail to be such 
a demonstration of tlie respect and esteem which the people of Danvers 
hold towards their never-tiring benefactor as will, at least, in a great 
measure, repay Mr. Peabody for all his many contributions and dona- 
tions, which have so prospered the home of his youth. 

All the arrangements of the Committee have been perfected ; and it 
is now pretty certain that Mr. Peabody will reach Maple Street from 
Georgetown, from which place he proceeds in his own carriage, at 
about nine o'clock this morning. Tliere he will be received by the 
procession, and escorted through the principal streets to the Institute. 

tP 4P •Jp 4f ■?*• * 

A prominent feature of the procession will be that portion of it which 
consists of the pupils of the different schools in the town, who will 
number, it is expected, about fifteen hundred. They are all to be 
dressed in holiday suits, and each will wear a beautiful silk badge, 
upon which is a portrait of Mr. Peabody, together with the sentiment, 
" Education, the debt due from present to future generations," which 
is the sentiment enclosed by Mr. Peabody at the time of his making his 
recent liberal donation. 

****** 

The enthusiasm of the citizens generally is great, and all, old and 
young, are equally anxious to unite in paying just tribute of respect 
and esteem to worth. 

At this early moment, of course, the decorations are incomplete ; 
but, up to a late hour last evening, the work of arranging flags and 
streamers was carried on, and, in our next edition, we shall be able to 
present a full account of them. It would be unjust to the enterprising, 
zealous, and worthy citizens, should we give the sketch from the pres- 
ent state of the work. 

The interior of the main hall of the Institute is without further orna- 
ment than a very beautiful and life-like full-length picture of Mr. Pea- 
body, encased in a carved gilt frame, of the most exquisite workman- 
ship. The painting is a work of art, and the ornamentation of the 
frame delicate and tasteful. This picture Mr. Peabody consented to 
have taken in accordance with the wishes of his fellow-citizens, as 
expressed by a special vote of the town. It was deemed best, by the 
Committee having charge of the matter, to allow the hall to be un- 
adorned, that the distinguished donor might the better perceive with 
what fidelity the Trustcies of the Institute have carried his noble pur- 
poses into effect. The exterior of the beautiful edifice is decorated 
with flags and streamers in profusion, but all gracefully arranged, with 
the highest point of the roof for an apex. Streamers fall so plenti- 
fully, yet so tastefully, that the display rivals in attractiveness that at 
any other point. Above the street, on a line extending from the Insti- 
tute building, is arranged a beautiful canopy of flags and streamers. 
This canopy, which is elaborate and tasteful in the highest degree, is 
immediately above the main entrance to the Institute. There is a 
neatness about the whole affair, which cannot fail to elicit general com- 
niendation, and certainly reflects credit on the taste of the decorators. 



123 

[From the Boston Traveller of Oct. 10.] 

The people of Danvers and South Danvers turned out en inasse yes- 
terday, to greet their long-absent son, George Peabody, Esq., of Lon- 
don. The day was one of the most delightful of the season, and the 
demonstration passed off in such a manner as will leave the remem- 
brance of the day long in the recollection of all who participated in it. 

At an early hour in the morning, the streets began to be crowded, 
and by the time the procession reached South Danvers, every princi- 
pal street was completely blocked by the crowd. The unbounded 
hospitality of the inhabitants of the town of Danvers was put to a 
severe test ; but yet, at every residence, the " latch-string " appeared 
to be out ; and the recollection, by all the citizens from abroad, of the 
" Peabody Reception," will always be united with pleasant memories 

of unceasing attentions paid to them. 

"' * * * * * * 

On arriving at the South Danvers line, at the home of Bowditch, 
this procession was met by the escort, under Major-General Sutton, 
consisting of the Independent Corps of Cadets, with Gilmore's Salem 
Brass Band; the various fire-engine companies of Danvers, with their 
engines beautifully decorated with evergreens, flowers, &c. ; and the 
scholars of the different schools of the town, beautifully dressed in 
holiday suits, bearing beautiful banners with suitable inscriptions refer- 
ring to Mr. Peabody, such as " Honor to the Pacificator of Nations," 
" Welcome," " Honor to our Benefactor," etc. 

This feature of the procession was decidedly the most attractive por- 
tion of it. A more beautiful array of children we never saw. There 
were between twelve and fifteen hundred in number, and all were 
tastefully dressed in various holiday garbs made for the occasion. 
Some marched in the procession, while the smaller ones were con- 
veyed in carriages beautifully decked with flowers, evergreens, &c. 
Particularly noticeable among them were three beautiful young misses 
dressed to represent three different nations, and who attracted universal 
attention. 

After the schools came the invited guests, citizens, &c. 

On arriving at the residence of Miles Osborn, Esq., an old school- 
mate of Mr. Peabody, the procession stopped, and Mr. Peabody, ac- 
companied by Mr. Daniels and others, entered the house where were 
several of his old friends ready to welcome him. As Mr. Peabody 
greeted Mr. Osborn he exclaimed : " Ah, I see you look as smiling 
and jovial as of old, when wc went to school together." 

Here Mr. Peabody found many of his old friends, both ladies and 
gentlemen, and he greeted them most cordially. After partaking of 
some refreshments, he again entered his barouche and the procession 
proceeded on its way. 

The entire route was thronged, and there could have been not less 
than 20,000 people in Danvers yesterday. The procession was about 
a mile in length, and probably numbered in the vicinity of 4,000. 



124 

[From the Boston Journal.] 
EECEPTION OF MR. PEABODY AT DANVERS. 

Dan VERS, Thursday, 9 o'clock, A, M. 

The morning opened propitiously, and the town of Danvers was 
early alive with its citizens and with strangers. Marshals, committees 
and firemen are seen in all the streets. The cavalcade is forming to 
meet Mr. Peabody, who is soon to arrive from Georgetown. He is to 
be received here in Danvers by the portion of tlie committee residing 
here, and is to be escorted by the cavalcade to South Danvers. Both 
towns, Danvers and South Danvers, are equally engaged in honoring 
the guest of the occasion. Mr. Peabody regards with equal favor both 
of them, and would not accept a welcome from one only. He recog- 
nizes no division of the old township. 

Where they are to receive him, the sign of the railroad crossing is 
hung with flags and streamers. Flags adorn the spire of Rev. Mr. 
Fletcher's church, and the trees in the immediate vicinity. On the 
new school building near the church is the motto, " Free Schools are 
the Nation's Strength." Opposite the school-house, Fred. Perley's 
store is adorned with pine boughs and with evergreens, with wreaths 
and flowers, and with the motto, " Danvers Welcomes her Noble Son." 
Just below, Gould's shoe store is ornamented in a similar way, and has 
beneath the flags — " Thy Native Land." 

But the grandest display of the whole town is seen in the great arch 
near the Village Bank. The main arch is forty feet high and forty 
wide. On both sides are side arches, twenty feet wide and twenty 
high. Six large American flags float above the large arch, and on its 
very summit sits a large gilded eagle with spread wings. Across the 
arch in great letters is the word " Welcome." From the top of the 
arch hang six beautiful wreaths, with various inscriptions. The two 
central ones are red, and have — " He hath honored us Abroad, and we 
honor him at Home." On one side of these, in the center of another 
blue wreath, is a large gilt letter G. On the other side, in a fourth 
wreath of blue, is the letter P. The remaining wreaths are white, and 
set with beautiful flowers. This splendid arch is covered with green 
boughs and evergreens, and is hung with red, white and blue stream- 
ers. A more magnificent arch has never been seen in the country, 
and it is the finest decoration on the route. Beneath this he will pass 
on his way to South Danvers. Just below this monument of the gen- 
erosity and enterprise of the citizens of Danvers, the village square 
presents a most dazzling appearance. Here the Bank and the stores 
and dwellings are all decorated with wreaths of gorgeous flowers and 
beautiful festoons. Across the square are ropes attached to the four 
corners, upon which are suspended the flags of all nations, representa- 
tive of that peace and amity which Mr. Peabody would establish 
amons them. 



125 

[From the Salem Gazette of October 10, 1856.] 
THE PEABODY RECEPTION, IN DANVERS, YESTERDAY. 

The almost entire community of interests, feelings, and relationships, 
between large portions of Old Danvers and Salem, authorizes us to 
devote much of our space to the concerns of the former place ; and we 
have accordingly appropria:ed every spare inch of our columns, this 
morning, to the details of the Reception of George Peabody, Esq., on 
his return to his native town, after an absence of tw^enty years. The 
occasion is one highly honorable to the good taste and public spirit of 
the citizens, offering a most ap[)ropriate tribute of respect, regard, and 
gratitude, to the Benefactor of their community — one of those rare and 
happily constituted persons, who are not made hard and arrogant by 
prosperity ; but whose generosity, benevolence, and humanity in- 
crease and spread abroad with their increasing means. 

Our readers are all acquainted with the history of Mr. Peabody's 
munificent donations, amounting to forty-five thousand dollars, for the 
establishment of the Institute to which his name has been most appro- 
priately attached. In view of this crowning benefaction of a long 
course of minor benefits and private remembrances, the citizens of 
Danvers determined to give a public expression to their feelings on the 
return of Mr. Peabody, from his long sojourn, as a banker, in London, 
where he has held a position of power and influence, such as, we be- 
lieve, has been accorded to no other commercial man in that great 
metropolis. The services of yesterday are the result of this deter- 
mination. 

The weather and all attending circumstances were in the highest 
degree propitious. The most lovely of Indian Summer days gave 
beauty and pleasure to the occasion. The whole population of the 
Old Town joined with heart and hand in the good work, and the result 
was such as has been rarely equalled in any community ; and never 
can be in a great city, however much expense may be incurred in 
rivalling the heartwork of a homogeneous, spirited, prosperous, and 
grateful people. 



[From the Salem Register.] 
THE PEABODY OVATION IN DANVERS. 

The return of George Peabody to his native town, which he has 
blessed so abundantly by his noble benefactions, was celebrated on 
Thursday last, in a manner which made it one of the most remarkable 
events of the age. The whole people came out to do honor to a private 
citizen, and paid a tribute to simple manly worth, which the greatest of 
sovereigns and conquerors might envy. The day was one of the 
brightest and most genial of that loveliest of seasons designated as the 
Indian Summer, and the old town of Danvers (we recognize here none 
of the recent legislative distinctions) never wore a gayer or more 
charming aspect. From 20,000 to 30,000 persons, strangers and citi- 
zens, thronged the streets to witness the pageant, which, from first to 
last, was a splendid success. We have devoted nearly our whole pa- 



126 

per to the addresses delivered on the occasion, a1 the formal Reception 
and at tiie Banquet, and therefore liave little space to bestow upon 
other great features of the occasion, vviiich it is impossible for us to 
notice in detail. 

The Decorations, in particular, we regret to be obliged to slight ; for, 
along the whole route of the procession, the public and private build- 
ings and streets were ornamented with a profusion, elegance and uni- 
versal good taste, such as we have never seen surpassed. 

Mr. Peabody reached the Plains, from Georgetown, at about half- 
past 9 o'clock. Here he was met by a Committee, and greeted with a 
salute of artillery, a hundred rounds being fired. From this point he 
was escorted by a brilliant cavalcade of ladies and gentlemen, number- 
ing about 340, the cortege being followed by 257 well filled vehicles — 
a very unusual collection for this section of the country — to the head 
of Central Street, where the main procession, marshalled by Maj. Gen. 
Sutton, was in waiting to receive him. 

The Divisionary Corps of Cadets, forming the Escort, having paid 
him a military salute, and Gilmore's unsurpassed Brass Band played 
appropriate airs, the procession took up its line of march. The Cadets 
turned out, on this occasion, 116 strong, (including their twelve offi- 
cers,) and, with Gilmore's Band, made a very splendid appearance. 
The escort duty, throughout, was performed in the most admirable 
style, and the Cadets acquitted themselves in a manner which con- 
ferred credit, not only upon their Commander, Samuel B. Foster, Esq., 
who has no superior as a skilful and accomplished tactician, but upon 
the Militia of the Commonwealth, of which they are a distinguished 
ornament. 

After the Cadets came the Firemen, with their elegantly decorated 
machines, and numbering about 600 men, besides a smart little Juve- 
nile corps from Salem. The several companies were neatly uniformed 
and appeared finely. They were accompanied by the Boston Brass 
Band, and there were besides, in the procession, the Boston Brigade, 
the Salem Bay State, Bond's Cornet Band, the last mounted, and the 
Beverly Brass Band. Next came an elegant barouche, drawn by six 
beautiful black horses, and containing Mr. Peabody, with the President 
of the Day, and others. This was followed by a barouche containing 
Governor Gardner and his Aids — the latter in uniform — and by car- 
riages with invited guests. 

Next came the great feature of the procession, the children of the 
schools, of whom there could have been no less than 1500; and a 
lovelier sight is seldom seen. Of their b^^nners and decorations we 
cannot speak in detail ; but among those who attracted great admira- 
tion were 31 young ladies of the Peabody High School, robed in white, 
with scarfs of the star-spangled banner, representing the various States 
of the Union, and bearing shields with the respective arms painted 
thereon. Among them marched three young ladies, so arrayed as to 
represent England, Ireland and Scotland. The effect was very beau- 
tiful. There were several other schools elegantly attired, and dis- 
playing tasteful devices, which did not escape the observation and 



127 



applause of the multitude, notwithstanding we are obhced to neslect 
thern here.* 

The Addresses at the formal reception, on the platform in front of 
the Institute, will be found on our first page. The song, 

" Home again, home again, from a foreign shore," 

which was so touchingly sung here, just before Mr. Peabody's response, 
and whicli produced so marked an effect, was performed by the pupils 
of the Molten High School. 

After the services here the Dinner took place, of which we have 
given a very full account. 

In the evening there was a public Soiree at the Institute, and large 
social parties at the residences of Hon. R. S. Daniels and Maj. Gen. 
Sutton, attended by Mr. Peabody, the Governor, and other distinguished 
personages. 

Never was a celebration more happily arranged, or more thoroughly- 
successful. 

Mr. Peabody left Danvers on Friday afternoon, but we learn that he 
will return to this section of tiie country to pass the Thanksgiving 
holidays. 



The following article is from a correspondent of the Salem Kegister, 
and is understood to be from the pen of Hon. Asahel Huntington : — 

[For the Register.] 
MR. PEABODY'S RECEPTION IN DANVERS, AND AT THE PLOUGH- 
ING MATCH IN NEWBURYPORT. 

Messrs. Editors: — 

I had the pleasure and the honor to be present at the grand and no- 
ble reception, by our neighbors of Danvers, of their distinguished son 
and guest. And they have done themselves the highest honor in ren- 
dering such a tribute to such a man. In all this great demonstration of 
respect and gratitude, everything was conceived in the best taste, and 
carried out with a liberal and generous hand. Commend me to the 
old town of Danvers (I wish it were still one town,) for its style, man- 
ner and appointments, in getting up, sustaining and perfecting a real, 
hearty and genuine public celebration. They have done all these 
things most admirably from the start. I have been through all the 
degrees, and know all about it ; and there ought to be as many de- 
grees, for the purpose of honoring such a friend of his race and gener- 
ation, and of the " future generations," as Mr. Peabody, by his life 
and deeds, has proved himself to be, as there are in the ancient orders 

* During the progress of the Procession down Central Street two balloons, made 
of tissue paper, were sent up from the square. They were of large size, for the ma- 
terial of which they were made, being about ten feet in diameter, and to each was 
attached a car, about two feet in diameter, from which waved flags of blue, white 
and red. They rose majestically, and attracted much attention as they floated 
away in a northwesterly direction. These balloons were made and sent up by Mr. 
Lauriston Stiles. 



128 

of Masonry. I was present at the laying of the corner-stone of the 
teinple, which lie has erected for the " future generations," as well as 
for the present. Tiiat was a work of actual masonry, and well was it 
done by that other noble benefactor of his race, the late Abbott Law- 
rence — a name ever to be remembered and held in the highest honor 
and respect in this Commonwealth. That occasion, signal and felici- 
tous in all its arrangements and appointments, marked well the start- 
ing point, and the foundations were found to be well and securely laid. 
Next came the dedication and inaugiu'ation of the finished temple ; and 
here, again, everything was done in the most felicitous manner, and 
another son of Danvers — an early and adopted son — honored this oc- 
casion with his presence, and adorned it with all the graces of the 
richest eloquence, and started the " Institute" on its high career of 
usefulness. 

And last comes the third degree, (and this I believe is the degree of 
Master Mason,) the great and grand reception of the Man himself; and 
here all the men, women and children of old Danvers rise up, as one 
man, to do honor to their friend and benefactor ; and all the people 
round about, from all parts of the County, as well as from distant places, 
come in and join in the loud acclaim. All see with one eye, hear with 
one ear, and speak whh one voice — a language and a speech which 
need no interpreter. It was a most hearty reception by these vast 
multitudes; and all the proceedings were in good keeping with such 
an occasion and such a purpose. The great and beautiful procession, 
arranged in all its parts with eminent good taste, adorned by the chil- 
dren of the town — by far the most engrossing spectacle of the day ; the 
reception speech, appropriate and graceful, as we all had a right to 
expect from such a source ; the dinner, got up with the greatest profu- 
sion of all good things, and the tables set off by all manner of beautiful 
flowers ; the excellent opening address from the President of the day, 
followed by the well conceived and well received speech of the Gov- 
ernor ; the jewels and brilliants of the great American orator, the great 
orator of his age, whom no man can approach ; the Greek Professor, 
who speaks always the best English, in all its styles and moods ; our 
venerable and distinguished townsman. Judge White ; and other gen- 
tlemen who favored the great tent with graceful and appropriate re- 
marks — all these festivities were crowned with levees and receptions in 
many of the private dwellings in the evening; and hospitality, open, 
generous and profuse, everywhere ruled the day and the night. Old 
Danvers put on her best robes, and most gracefully did she wear 
them. Well may old Salem be proud of such a daughter, tind such a 
GRAND son. All her people were there to greet him ! 

This was truly a great reception ; but it was my good fortune to 
witness another reception of Mr. Peabody by the farmers of his native 
County, at Newburyport, just one week before, on a beautiful October 
day, a twin-sister of yesterday. All the arrangements of the Farmer's 
Festival had been made and published, with great precision as to time, 
in the order of the different parts and stages of the exhibition. The 
ploughing match, in a large field in the upper part of the city, had been 
arranged to commence precisely at nine o'clock, and thither the multi- 



129 

tildes had wended their way, to be in season for this always inviting 
spectacle. I arrived late upon the ground to witness, as I supposed, 
the very close of this contest of oxen and ploughs. I found there an 
unusually large representation of the farmers of Essex, and of the bone 
and sinew of the County ; and, to my surprise, all the teams, some 
thirty in number, were standing at their respective stations, with the 
plough in the furrow, the drivers by with whip in hand, ready to com- 
mence the contest at a moment's notice. I inquired the cause of the 
delay, and was informed they were waiting for Mr. Peabody, and that 
orders had been given, by the President of the Society, that no sod 
should be turned until his arrival. He had not agreed to be there, and 
no fault was attributable to him on account of this delay. Thousands 
of working men waited there nearly two hours, and they waited wil- 
lingly and Avith good humor, and all appeared to wish that Mr. Pea- 
body should have an opportunity to see that there was a fair beginning 
in the trial of strength, and speed, and good workmanship. I passed 
around among the crowd, and examined those noble and patient ani- 
mals, all ready for the long pull and the strong pull. The people were 
jocose and good humored all the while. Some said they guessed Mr. 
Peabody did not get up early in the morning; others surmised that he 
might have adopted the English practice of not getting up at all, and 
not going to bed, as that people always appear to do their great work 
in the night, when honest people are usually in bed ; others suggested 
that the people might have waylaid him; all blessed him, all spoke his 
praises, some in one form and some in another. One said he was 
looking after other people's children, and he only wished he had a 
thousand of his own ; and another said, all the children were his chil- 
dren. Such were the forms and modes of speech of the farmers of 
Essex. They all regarded Mr. Peabody as a great benefactor of his 
race and kind, and they all desired to do him honor; and when at last 
he arrived, and his genial and open face smiled on those multitudes, 
they all felt fully recompensed for the delay ; and gladly did they put 
the regal ox upon his work, and turn the furrow as beautifully and 
smoothly as the lady lays over the plait of her delicate ruffle. 

The whole scene was a striking one. I considered it then, and con- 
sider it now, even after the ovations of yesterday, as a great reception. 
Those wailing multitudes evidently cherished a great respect for the 
MAN. It was not for his wealth. Our people do not pay great homage 
to mere money. It was because he has proved himself to be a great 
and true friend of man. This was his title to their regard and respect. 

Such exhibitions as these furnish a lesson of instruction and encour- 
agement which I hope will be heeded, and bring forth good fruits in 
other soils, by such kinds and modes of husbandry as those which have 
been so nobly illustrated by Mr. George Peabody, of London, but still 
a full, genuine and true American in all his sympathies and feelings. 

October 10, 1856. H. 



130 

[From the New York Times.] 

The New York Times of October 23, has an article entitled " The 
New England Boy," in which, after speaking of the grand coronation 
of the new Czar at Moscow, it adds : — 

From the monstrous freaks in the despotic far East, let us turn to a 
small village in the Republican West, where, in the same files that tell 
of the barbaric monstrosities at Moscow, is given the story of another 
fete — the village of Danvers in New England. There, too, were re- 
joicings, decorations, civil and military processions, gatherings of 
statesmen, scholars and divines, streets strewn with beauteous flowers, 
and still more beauteously decorated with beauteous women, proudly 
floating flags, inscriptions and mottoes instinct with meaning and re- 
plete with grace, thousands of lovely children to crown the day with 
the sweetness and charm of unsophisticated youth, three hundred ladies 
and gentlemen forming a cavalcade on horseback, fine arches with pine 
trees adorned with tablets of evergreen. There, too, were firing of 
cannon, and clinking of sabres, and neighing of horses, and beating of 
drums, and frenzy, and enthusiasm, and huzzas that rent the air. 
What strange things have come to pass to wake this tumult in a quiet 
village's veins? What Czar or Emperor has dropped on neat, naive, 
Uttle Danvers to bewilder the innocent natives on their return from the 
meeting-house ? None. The object of this demonstration was neither 
a Czar nor an Emperor, nor even a Lord nor a General, a great novel- 
ist nor great divine. Nothing but an humble New Englander, who 
having, by integrity, industry and goodness of heart, attained a high 
position in the financial and social world, returns to his native village, 
after forty years of absence, and that village, with joy and pride, comes 
out to meet George Peabody, and give him honor for his useful and 
spotless life. Now this is beautiful. Such a reception is an everlast- 
ing monument to industry, when coupled with humanity ; to activity of 
mind, when in unison with benevolence of heart; to a money-maker, 
who uses his money not only for himself but for noble humanitarian 
objects, such as Mr. Peabody has done. Honor where honor is due ; 
and in the present agitated state of the country, we find relief in rest- 
ing on this little New England village, so nobly and grandly acknowl- 
edging the merits of one of her sons. We cannot help thinking that 
the morale of this incident is somewhat thrown into the background by 
the political excitement of the hour. Yet, when this excitement shall 
have passed away, this charming demonstration at Danvers will be 
kept in mind, and stand out as one of the most lofty pageants ever 
recorded in republican history. 

We do not desire to write a panegyric on George Peabody, but we 
do on the principle which, in his person, docs honor to the man who 
uses generously and usefully the goods which God has given him. 
Whether the man happens to be a business or a literaiy man, a states- 
man or a lawyer, a divine or a mechanic, is altogether a secondary 
<|uestion. But, from the fact that the great money-holders of Europe 
have done so little out of their immediate family circles to use their 
ivealth for humanitarian interests, we are disposed, perhaps, to over- 



131 

admire a generous business-man, not because what he has done is so 
much, but because others do so little. The giant-selfishness of the 
Rothschilds of Europe makes a giant of benevolence of the Peabodv 
of America. Yet, however this may be, too much honor cannot be 
accorded to such a man as George Peabody. 

Perchance there may be a little extravagance blended with these 
honors, but it is extravagance in the right direction. We hear com- 
plaints occasionally that business-men occupy too prominent a position, 
and that this is too much of a mercantile age. But the fact is, we have 
outlived the time when poets and book-worms and politicians were 
worshipped. The tendency of the age is to respect those only who 
embody their words and thoughts in deeds. Only such poets and 
scholars and politicians, as write and think and speak with such in- 
tensity, profundity and vitality, as to make their works and thoughts 
and speeches tantamount to deeds, are likely to extort the reluctant 
sympathy of the age. We say reluctant, because, with Shakspeare 
and Bacon before us, we have become naturally suspicious of would-be 
heroes of pen and ink, who arc too often but dreary rehashers of oth- 
ers' meat. We require action, and until the present woes of humanity 
fertilize the brains of some new Shakspeare or Bacon, we are apt tO' 
over-estimate the doings of business-men which result in action. Thu.s 
we see the Young American rush into business, where he may become 
a creator of wealth, which is power, and if his heart is trained siniulta- 
neously with his head, a humanitarian power. In this point of view 
such a demonstration as that offered to Mr. Peabody is full of moral 
meaning. 

The Lawrences and Peabodys remind us forcibly of the great 
Florentine merchants, the Medici. Under their rule, art and science 
and literature flourished ; the merchants in those days used their wealth 
for the benefit of knowledge, and the names of Raphael and Angelo 
still live to commemorate their memory, as will many valuable institu- 
tions with us to make abiding the name of George Peabody. 



[From the American Journal of Education, published at Hartford, Conn. J 

THE PUBLIC RECEPTION OF GEORGE PEABODY, AT DANVERS. 

We are not very fond of fetes of any kind, or ovations to the living 
for any degree of merit, but we were gratified beyond any former ex- 
perience in the Public Reception given to George Peabody of London, 
by the people of Danvers and South Danvers, Mass., in pursuance of a 
unanimous vote of the two towns, in the grateful acknowledgment of 
of his many acts of liberality and public spirit, and especially for his 
establishment and endowment of the Institute for the promotion of 
knowledge and morality, and for the institution of Prizes for the en- 
couragement of scholarship and good behavior in the pupils of the 
Public High Schools. It was a spontaneous and hearty tribute of re- 
spect and gratitude by men and women, by old and young, by persons 
of both sexes, and every employment, to one, who had gone out from 
among them — with only that culture which an ordinary district school ». 



132 

such as the ordinary district school was fifty years ago, could give to a 
boy, in attendance only for a few months in each year, and for only 
lliree or four years of his life — and with only that capital which is 
repr(!sented by native sagacity, integrity, and a resolute will — and yet 
by that sagacity, integrity and perseverance achieving a position in the 
commercial world second to no other individual or house in the great 
center of business — and yet everywhere — on cither side of the Atlantic, 
in his days of poverty and of allluence — preserving a republican sim- 
plicity of character, dress, manner, a tender filial attachment to the 
hearlh-stone and friends of his youth, and at all times and everywhere 
using a portion of his earnings to advance purposes of patriotism, hos- 
pitality, humanity and education. If Mr. Pcabody had been President 
of the United States, with lucrative offices in his gift, or a Military 
Chieftain, fresh from victorious battle-fields, more people could not have 
turned out to receive him or decorated the streets and houses, public 
and private, with a finer display of arches and flowers, of banners and 
inscriptions, to greet him on his return, than was done for him, a suc- 
cessful man of business and a gentleman without office and without 

l.ille. Truly 

" Peace hatli her victories, 

No less renowned than war." 

The day — the ninth of October, 1856 — was a perfect specimen of a 
'bright, warm, autumnal day, and of itself disposed the heart to the ut- 
terance of thanksgiving and kindly sentiment. At half past nine, 
A. M., Mr. Peabody arrived in his carriage from Georgetown, where 
his sister resides, at the confines of Danvers, and was received by a 
cavalcade of some three hundred ladies and gentlemen, under an ever- 
green arch hung with flags and streamers — and from that point, escort- 
ed to South Danvers, where the procession was formed, which, gather- 
ing lengtli and strength and variety, proceeded through the principal 
streets to the Institute — the stores and shops, the dwellings on either 
hand, and especially those where his old friends reside, being decorat- 
ed with tasteful devices and inscriptions, expressive of the sense enter- 
tained of the character and services of the guest, too numerous and 
varied to be remembered or described in detail. 

We extract the following from a previous number of the same pe- 
riodical, being the concluding part of an article on the Peabody Insti- 
tute, from the pen of its able and energetic Editor, Hon. Henry Bar- 
nard, who is so widely known by his incessant labors for the advance- 
ment of public education : — 

As an additional encouragement to the youth of Danvers to improve 
their privileges, Mr. Peabody has signified his intention to give the sum 
of two hundred dollars, annually, to be appropriated for the purchase 
of prizes for the meritorious pupils of the two High Schools, known as 
the Peabody and Holten Schools. In furtherance of this design, the 
School Committee of Danvers have had executed a beautifully designed 
medal, called the Peabody Medal, to be awarded to the deserving 
members of the schools. 



133 

But the munificence of Mr. Peabody has not been restricted to the 
noble Institution which will perpetuate his name, or to the schools 
where he was educated, or the town where he was born. It is yet too 
soon to speak of all his benefactions ; and long may it be before 
those who follow him will be called on to make up the record of his 
uses of great wealth acquired by commercial sagacity, probity, and 
diligence. When that record is written, it will be found that his liberal 
hand has bestowed largely to provide for the widow and orphan, be- 
reaved by pestilence, and for the poor, rendered houseless by fire, in 
cities which he never visited. Whim the credit of his adopted State of 
Maryland was not properly protected in Europe, his princely interpo- 
sition redeemed her bonds from dishonor. The industry and arts of 
his native hand will not forget his timely advances of many thousand 
dollars, that rescued from entire failure the American department of 
the London Exhibition. Science and humanity will unite in associating 
his name with that of Grinnell, as the generous patron of discovery in 
unexplored regions, and of search after the hardy navigator, whose fate 
had touched the heart of all Europe. And while he has contributed 
to rear in the capital of his country, a monument to the memory of 
Washington, his large-hearted patriotism has exalted, in the city of his 
residence, the anniversary of American Independence from a national 
festival, to a fete of Liberty and Fraternity, which the friends of civil 
and religious freedom, whether born on American or English soil, may 
unite in celebrating. 



[From the London Times.] 
THE PEABODY OVATION AT DANVERS. 

The London Times contains the following account of the Peabody 
Ovation at Danvers, contained in a letter from its New York cor- 
respondent : — 

A little town called Danvers, about an hour's ride by railroad from 
Boston, was yesterday (the 9th,) the scene of a grand popular festival, 
which, in decorations and display, threw all recent political demon- 
strations, even in the metropolis of New York, into the shade. Dan- 
vers is the birthplace of Mr. Peabody, the well-known American 
banker, whose 4th of July celebrations and amalgamation banquets of 
the two nations have made his name familiar in London to circles out- 
side those of the city and commerce. 

He has just returned to his native town after twenty years' absence ; 
during that time he has done good service to hundreds of his country- 
men abroad, and with great munificence endowed schools, and found- 
ed a public library in his native town. On his return he was offered a 
public reception by the merchants of New York, but declined it. The 
community for which he has done so much, however, could not be so 
refused, and yesterday gave him a magnificent ovation. 

The whole country, for miles round, must have poured its popula- 
tion into the place ; there were guards of honor of volunteers, well up 



134 

in their drill and splendidly uniformed ; chariots of many shapes, like 
those in the pictures of the pageantry of the ancient guilds ; half a 
score of military bands, and a procession with flags and banners three 
miles long. It included so many schools of children that the problem, 
how America peoples her " far West" so rapidly, became quite intelli- 
gible ; there was an emblematic party of young ladies, representing 
the thirty-odd States of the Union (" bleeding Kansas" judiciously 
omitted, no political sensation being required,) escorting three fair 
personations of England, Ireland, and Scotland. 

Mr. Peabody's long residence in England gave an opportunity, which 
was very gracefully taken, to manifest the good feeling of the people 
towards the old country ; and it pervaded all the proceedings of the 
day. The two flags waved everywhere together, and at the dinner, to 
which above 1200 guests sat down in a gigantic tent, the same senti- 
ment of mutual friendship gave a pleasing tone to all the speeches. It 
was not an official display, nor was any political party addressed by it ; 
politics were avoided. 

Those present were a fair specimen of the mercantile, agricultural, 
and working classes of New England ; and if the same spirit animates 
the same classes in other great districts of the Union it is a cheering 
and pleasant indication. Had the Queen of Great Britain been the 
Sovereign of their allegiance, her name could not have been received 
with warmer demonstrations of respect and regard. The Hon. Ed- 
ward Everett made the speech of the day — an eloquent exposition of 
the civilizing effects of commerce — in compliment to the class to which 
Mr. Peabody belongs. It is rarely that a private gentleman receives 
such a proof of public admiration, but the feeling of community be- 
tween the two nations it expressed was its most pleasing distinction to a 
stranger. 



AN 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 



PEABODY INSTITUTE, 



WITH THE 



^rombings iit famng tlje Corner-Stone, 



AND AT THE 



DEDICx\TION. 



136 



PREFATORY. 



The following pages contain an account of the proceedings at the laying of 
the corner-stone of the Peabody Institute, and also those at the dedication of 
the building after its completion. The Institute was peculiarly fortunate in ob- 
taining the services of distinguished and eloquent men on these interesting 
occasions. The words of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence, himself a noble bene- 
factor of many of our institutions of learning and benevolence, are worthy of 
perpetual remembrance, and will be read with new interest now that death has 
placed its consecrating seal upon his name. The address of Mr. Choate pre- 
sents the true idea and office of the Lecture in connection with tlie Library ; 
and his luminous and eloquent exhibition of the relation of hearing lectures to 
reading and studying books, cannot fail to have a most beneficial influence 
wherever they are known, and may serve to make our Lyceums far more pro- 
fitable, as means of intellectual culture, than than they have heretofore been. 

The Trustees of the Institute have felt that these, and the other addresses 
connected with them, should be rescued from the daily papers in which they 
first appeared, and given to the public in a form for permanent preservation ; 
and every reader of these pages will feel that Danvers has reason for constant 
gratitude to the generous founder of the Peabody Institute, for furnishing so 
liberally to its inhabitants the means of intellectual and moral improvement. 

Before proceeding with the account of the laying of the corner-stone and the 
dedication, we give a brief Historical Sketch of the Institute. 



137 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



Upon the completion of the narrative of the reception, by his towns- 
men, of the founder of the Peabody Institute, it seems not inappro- 
priate to present, for the information of the public, some account of the 
origin of the institution, its design, and the success whicli lias thus far 
attended its operations. 

Its foundation is due to his munificence, who adopted this method 
of conferring a lasting benefit on his native town. Of Mr. Peabody 
himself, it is needless for us to say anything in this place. His public- 
spirited course during his residence abroad, and the zeal with which he 
has, on all occasions, upheld the honor and credit of his native land, 
have won for him the admiration of his countrymen, and have made 
his name familiar to every American. The circumstances attending the 
announcement of Mr. Peabody's gift are interesting. The citizens of 
Danvers had determined to celebrate the one hundreth anniversary of 
the existence of the town as a distinct municipal corporation, which fell 
upon Wednesday, the 16th of June, 1852. Although Mr. Peabody had 
long been absent, yet the many proofs by which he had, in previous 
instances, evinced his regard for the place of his birth, gave him pecul- 
iar claims to be included among the invited guests. Accordingly, an 
invitation was early forwarded to him, by the Committee of the town, 
to be present at that festival, with a request that, if unable to attend, he 
would signify by letter his interest in the occasion. In his reply, after 
stating that his engagements would allow him to comply only with the 
latter part of the request, he said, " I enclose a sentiment which I ask 
may remain sealed till this letter is read on the day of celebration, 
according to the direction on the envelope." 

The indorsement on the envelope of the sealed packet was as fol- 
lows : — 

"• The seal of this is not to be broken till the toasts are being pro- 
posed by the Chairman, at the dinner, 16th June, at Danvers, in com- 
memoration of the one hundreth year since its severance from Salem. 
It contains a sentiment for the occasion, from George Peabody, of Lon- 
don." 



138 

In obedience to the above direction, at the proper moment the reading 
of the communication was called for ; and the following was received 
by the delighted audience with loud acclamations : — 

" By George Peabodv, of London : — 
" Education — A debt due from present to future generations.'''' 

" In acknowledgment of the payment of that debt by the generation 
which preceded me in my native town of Danvers, and to aid in its 
prompt future discharge, I give to the inhabitants of that town the sum 
of TWENTY THOUSAND DOLLARS, for the promotion of knowledge and 
morality among them. 

" I beg to remark, that the subject of making a gift to my native 
town has for some years occupied my mind ; and I avail myself of 
your present interesting festival to make the communication, in the hope 
that it will add to the pleasures of the day. 

" I annex to the gift such conditions only as I deem necessary for its 
preservation and the accomplishment of the purposes before named. 
The conditions are, that the legal voters of the town, at a meeting to be 
held at a convenient time after the 16th June, shall accept the gift, and 
shall elect a Committee, of not less than twelve persons, to receive and 
have charge of the same, for the purpose of establishing a Lyceum for the 
delivery of lectures, upon such subjects as may be designated by a 
Committee of the town, free to all the inhabitants, under such rules as 
said Committee may from time to time enact ; and that a Library shall 
be obtained, which shall also be free to the inhabitants, under the direc- 
tion of the Committee. 

" That a suitable building for the use of the Lyceum shall be erected, 
at a cost, including the land, fixtures, furniture, &c.,not exceeding seven 
thousand dollars, and shall be located within one-third of a mile of the 
Presbyterian Meeting-House, occupying the spot of that formerly under 
the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. Walker, in the south parish of Dan- 
vers. 

" That ten thousand dollars of this gift shall be invested by the town's 
Committee, in undoubted securities, as a permanent fund, the interest 
arising therefrom to be expended in support of the Lyceum. 

" In all other respects, I leave the disposition of the affairs of the 
Lyceum to the inhabitants of Danvers, — merely suggesting that it might 
be advisable for them, by their own act, to exclude sectarian theology 
and political discussions forever from the walls of the institution. 

" I will make one request of the Committee ; which is, if they see 
no objection, and my venerable friend, Capt. Sylvester Proctor, should 
be living, that he be selected to lay the corner-stone of the Lyceum 
building. 

" Respectfully yours, 

George Peabody." 

We extract the following from the town records, to show the manner 
in which the conditions mentioned above were complied with : — 



139 

" At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of the town of Danvers, 
qualified to vote in town affairs, holden at Union Hall, in the south parish 
in said town, on Monday, the 28th day of June, 1852. 

" The original communication from George Peabody, Esq., was read 
by the Moderator. The following resolves, prepared and submitted by 
Dr. Andrew Nichols, were unanimously adopted : — 

" Resolved, That we, the legal voters of the town of Danvers, in legal 
meeting assembled, accept, with deep emotions of gratitude, the munifi- 
cent gift of George Peabody, Esq., of London, of twenty thousand 
DOLLARS, for the promotion of knowledge and morality among us ; and 
we, with due sense of its importance to ourselves and to those who 
are to succeed us, accept the offered trust, and bind ourselves faithfully, 
ardently, and constantly to endeavor to fulfil the wishes and accomplish 
the noble purpose of the generous donor, and to enjoin on our successors 
a like performance of the same sacred duty. 

" Resolved, That we now proceed to the choice of a Committee of 
twelve persons, to receive and have in charge the said donation, for the 
purpose of establishing a Lyceum, for the delivery of lectures upon such 
subjects, exclusive of sectarian theology and party politics, as may be 
designated by a Committee of the town, free to all the inhabitants, un- 
der such rules as said Committee may from time to time enact ; and to 
establish a Library, which shall also be fi'ee to the inhabitants, under the 
direction of the Committee. 

" Resolved, That the members of said Committee shall exercise all 
the authority and perform all the duties contemplated by the donor, and 
shall hold office by the following tenure ; viz., two of the twelve shall 
hold office until the annual meeting in 1858 ; two until 1857 ; two until 
1856 ; two until 1855 ; two until 1854 ; two until 1853 ; or, in all 
cases, until others shall be chosen and accept the trust in their stead. 
And it shall be the duty of said Committee, as soon as may be after 
their organization, to determine, either by agreement or by lot, who of 
this number shall hold the office for the several times named, and com- 
municate the same to the Clerk of the town, whose duty it shall be to 
enter the same on the records. And it shall be the duty of the Select- 
men to order, in every warrant for the annual town meeting hereafter, 
the inhabitants to choose or give in their votes for two persons, to 
become members of said Committee for the term of six years, in the 
place of those whose term of office at that time expires, and to fill all 
vacancies caused by death, resignation, or removal fi-om the town. 

" Resolved, That the aforesaid Committee of Trustees appoint an- 
nually, from the citizens of the town at large, another Committee, who 
shall select books for the library, designate the subjects for lectures, 
procure lecturers, enact rules and regulations, both in regard to the lec- 
tures and the library, and perform all such other duties as the Commit- 
tee shall assign to them ; and they shall make a full report of all their 
doings to the Trustees semi-annually; viz., on or before the second 
Monday in February and August. 

" Resolved, That the Committee of Trustees be also required to 
make a full report of their own doings, and the doings of the Commit- 
tee by them appointed, at the annual town meeting, previous to the 
choice of members of said Committee above provided for. 



140 

" Resolved, That it shall be the duty of said Committee to corre- 
spond with the benevolent donor while he lives, and, in all their doings, 
pay all due regard to his expressed wishes. 

" On motion made, it was also voted, — 

" That the insthution established by this donation be called and 
known as the PEx\BODY INSTITUTE, and that this name be in- 
scribed, in legible characters, upon the front of the building to be 
erected, that, in future years, our children may be reminded of their 
fathers' benefactor, and that strangers may read the name of him whom 
Danvcrs will always be proud to claim as her son. 

" That our venerable and respected fellow-citizen, Capt. Sylvester 
Proctor, be invited, in behalf of the town, and in accordance whh the 
special request of his early and constant friend, Mr. Peabody, to assist 
in laying the corner-stone of the proposed edifice. 

" That the Board of Trustees, chosen this day, forward a certified 
copy of the proceedings of this meeting to Mr. Peabody." 

The following gdntlemen were then elected Trustees, by ballot : — 

R. S. Daniels, Francis Baker, 

E. W. Upton, Eben Sutton, 

S. P. Fowler, W. L. Weston, 

Joseph Osgood, Joseph Poor, 

Miles Osborn, A. F. Clakk, 

Eben King, Joseph S. Black. 

The proceedings of the town, having been transmitted to Mr. Pea- 
body, received his approval. The officers of the Institute, therefore, 
are a Board of Trustees chosen by the town, in whom are vested its 
funds and other property, for the purpose of maintaining a Lyceum 
and Library ; and another Board, chosen annually by the Trustees, 
called the Lyceum and Library Committee, whose duties are to super- 
intend and direct all its active operations. 

Mr. Peabody afterwards added ten thousand dollars to his first 
donation; the whole to be so expended, that seventeen thousand dollars 
should be appropriated for the land and building, three thousand to 
the purchase of books, as the foundation of a Library, and ten thou- 
sand to remain as a permanent fund. Further donations have since 
been received, swelling the aggregate of Mr. Peabody's gifts to the 
Institute to an amount exceeding fifty thousand dollars. 

The difficulty of procuring a suitable lot of land, within the pre- 
scribed distance from the meeting-house, caused some delay in the 
erection of the building. But at length a site was selected on Main 
Street; and the corner-stone of the new structure was laid, with ap- 
propriate ceremonies, on the 20th of August, 1853, — Hon. Abbott 



141 

Lawrence, an intimate friend of Mr. Peabody, performing the part 
assigned to Capt. Sylvester Proctor, who had deceased. The building 
was finished in the course of the following year, and dedicated to its 
future uses on the 29th of September, 1854. Hon. Rufus Choate 
delivered an eloquent address on that occasion. 

It is a stately edifice, eighty-two feet in length by fifty in breadth, 
built of brick, and ornamented with brown Connecticut freestone. 
On its front, a slab of freestone bears the words, PEABODY INSTI- 
TUTE, in relief. The Lecture Hall, occupying the whole of the up- 
per story, is finished with neatness and simplicity, and is furnished 
with seats for about seven hundred and fifty persons. Over the ros- 
trum hangs a full-length portrait of Mr. Peabody, by Healy, which 
has been pronounced by connoisseurs to be a chef (Vo^avre of that 
artist. It was set for by him at the request of the citizens of the 
town, but, at its completion, was presented to them. The Library 
Room, in the lower story, is commodiously arranged for the delivery 
of books. The shelves for books are placed around the walls of the 
room ; but, by the addition of alcoves, its capacity can be greatly 
increased. 

Courses of lectures have been delivered in the Lyceum Hall, to 
large and attentive audiences. The situation of Danvers,* within an 
hour's ride, by railroad, of the metropolis, is highly favorable for 
availing herself of the best talent in this field of Iherary labor. 

This department of the Institute formed a prominent feature of it 
in the design of its founder, and, we think, deservedly so. Indeed, 
this method of conveying knowledge, in connection with the common 
school and higher seminaries of learning, must now be ranked among 
the principal educational appliances peculiar to the social system of 
New England. The success of the Lowell Institute in Boston, and 
other similar institutions, abundantly attest the truth of this remark. 
The efforts which have of late been made to present, by means of 
series of lectures, the outlines of science to the public, have met the 
approbation of all friends of learning. Doubtless the ardor of youth 
is often thus incited to eiForts which may lead to future distinction. 

* By an Act of the Legislature, passed May 18, 1855, that part of the town in 
which the Peabody Institute is located was incorporated as a new town, by the name 
of South Danvers ; but the privileges of the Institute will continue to be enjoyed by 
all within the limits of the former town of Danvers. By a more recent enactment 
a part of South Danvers has been annexed to Salem by an exchange of territory, 
yet the privileges of the Institute will be continued to all those residing within the 
limits of the ancient town, as well as those who reside on the territory annexed to 
South Danvers. 



142 

The greatest minds of our country have not thought it beneath their 
dignity thus to lend their aid in infusing a spirit of self-cuUure among 
the people. 

The attention of the Lyceum and Library Committee was early 
directed to the formation of a Library. The selection of books, pre- 
liminary to an extended purchase, was found to be a work of no small 
difficulty ; for, while they appreciated the importance of laying a broad 
foundation, they also felt it to be their duty to render the Library not 
only " free to the inhabitants," but truly useful to all the citizens. In 
forming lists, therefore, under the general heads of science, history, 
belles-lettres, &c., they gave the preference rather to such works as 
they believed would meet the wants of the reading community, than 
to those more elaborate productions which are better calculated to aid 
the extended researches of the scholar ; trusting that the Library 
would, by future accessions, gradually arrive at that symmetry and 
completeness so desirable to be attained. Pursuing this plan, the 
Committee were relieved from much embarrassment, and were enabled 
to prosecute their labor with so much success, that, as soon as the 
Library Room was ready to receive them, about 1500 volumes had 
been prepared to be placed upon its shelves. 

In December, 1854, a donation of books was unexpectedly received 
from Mr. Peabody, — affording a new proof of his generosity, and his 
continuing interest in the Institution that bears his name. These 
books, in all about 2,500 volumes, were selected by his order, in 
London, by Mr. Henry Stevens, agent of the Smithsonian Institute. 
They comprise many valuable and even rare works ; among which 
may be mentioned the " Philosophical Transactions of the Royal So- 
ciety," and a complete set of the " Gentleman's Magazine." Subse- 
quent additions to the Library, by purchase and by gift, have increased 
the number of volumes to above 5,300 ; of the latter, about 250 vol- 
umes were received from the Mechanic Institute, — an association that 
had existed in the town since 1841, and had itself been preceded by 
the Lyceum Society. 

The Library has been open for the delivery of books about two 
years, with the most gratifying result. During library hours, which 
at present are the afternoon and evening of Wednesday and Saturday, 
the room has been thronged with eager applicants ; and their choice of 
works is, in general, highly creditable to their literary taste. It ap- 
pears from the Ledger, that, during this period, commencing October 
18, 1854, 1,772 persons have availed themselves of its privileges; and 



143 

that, during four months of this time, the number of volumes taken 
was 11,866, — an average of 349 each Library clay. For the success 
of this department of the Insthute, much credit is due to the efforts of 
Mr. Eugene B. Hinckley, the recent Librarian, by whom the Cata- 
logue was compiled. The regulations concerning the distribution of 
books are as few and simple as is consistent with their safety and 
prompt return ; and, although the rules in regard to delinquents have 
been rigidly adhered to, it has seldom been necessary to put them in 
force. 

Such, in brief, is the history of the establishment of this Institution 
in our midst ; and, henceforth, we trust that the Peabody Institute 
will exert an important influence in the cause of education. 



TRUSTEES— 1856-7. 

Robert S. Daniels, Chairman. 

John B. Peabody, Clerk. 

Eben Sutton, Treasurer. ' 

Joseph Osgood. Henry Poor. 

Samuel P. Fowler. Joel Putnam. 

Franklin Osborn. Philemon Putnam. 

Isaac Hardy, Jr. Francis Dane. 

Israel W. Andrews. 



LYCEUM AND LIBRARY COMMITTEE— 1856-7. 

Alfred A. Abbott, Chairman. 

George F. Osborne, Secretary. 

George A. Osborne, Treasur.er. 

Fitch Poole. Eugene B. Hinckley. 

Eben S. Poor. Benjamin C. Perkins. 

Eben Hunt. Francis Baker. 

William L. Weston. Moses Black, Jr. 

Thomas M. Stimpson. 

Fitch Poole, Librarian, 



144 



PAST AND PRESENT MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF 
TRUSTEES, 

With the Term for which each was Elected. 



Eben King, 


1852-1853 


Joseph S. Black, 


1852-1853 


William L. Weston, 


1852-1851 


Aaron F. Clark, 


1852-1854 


Francis Baker, 


1852-1855 


Joseph Poor, 


1852-1855 


Elijah W. Upton, 


1852-1856 


Miles Osborn, 


1852-1856 


Joseph Osgood, 


1852-1857 


Eben Sutton, 


1852-1857 



Robert S. Daniels, 
Samuel P. Fowler, 
Henry Poor, 
Joel Putnam, 
Philemon Putnabi, 
John B. Peabody, 
Francis Dane, 
Israel W. Andrews, 
Franklin Osborn, 
Isaac Hardy, Jr., 



1852-1858. 
1852-1858. 
1853-1859. 
1853-1859. 
1854-1860. 
1854-1861. 
1855-1860. 
1855-1861. 
1856-1862. 
1856-1862. 



MEMBERS OF THE LYCEUM AND LIBRARY COMMITTEE, 

With the time of their Continuance in Oflace. 



Andrew Nichols,* 
Fitch Poole, 
George A. Osborne, 
Benjamin C. Perkins, 
Eben Hunt, 
John B. Peabody, 
William N. Lord, 
Eben S. Poor, 
William L. Weston, 
Alfred A. Abbott, 



1853. 

1853-1856. 

1853-1856. 

1853. 

1853-1856. 

1853. 

1853-1854. 

1853-1856. 

1853-1856. 

1853-1856. 



Philemon Putnam, 
Eugene B. Hinkley, 
William F. Poole, 
Nathan H. Poor, 
George F. Osborne, 
Benjamin C.Perkins,! 
Thomas B. Hinkley, 
Thomas M. Stimpson, 
Francis Baker, 
Moses Black, Jr., 



1853-1854. 

1853-1856. 

1853-1853. 

1854-1855. 

1854-1856. 

1855-1856. 

1855. 

1855-1856. 

1856. 

1856. 



* Deceased in 1853. 



t Reelect. 



145 



DONORS AND DONATIONS OF BOOKS, 

EXCLUSIVE OF PAMPHLETS, 

TO THE PEABODY LIBRARY 









Vols 


Allen, Lewis, . . . . . . . 16 


Amherst College, 






1 


Bache, Professor A. D., Washington, 






2 


Banks, Nathaniel P., Jr., Waltham, . 






23 


Gary, Thomas G., Boston, 






1 


Cook, Henry, ...... 






16 


Cutler, William, 






4 


Danvers, Town of, . 






110 


Danvers Mechanic Institute, 






245 


Essex Institute, Salem, 






1 


Fay, Francis B., Chelsea, 






12 


Flint, Charles L., Boston, 






1 


Gooch, Charles C, London, 






7 


Hinkley, Eugene B., 






2 


Jacobs, Joseph, ..... 






5 


Lakeman, Nathan, ..... 






9 


Lawrence, Samuel, Boston, 






1 


Lawrence, James, Boston, 






1 


Lynn Library, Lynn, 






2 


Massachusetts, State of, . 






6 


Maury, Lieut. James, Washington, . 






2 


Mercantile Library, Boston, 






1 


Middlesex Mechanic Association, Lowell, 






1 


Nichols, Mrs. Andrew, 






14 


Northend, Charles, New Britain, Conn., . 






18 


Osborne, George A., .... 






14 


Paine, Martyn, New York, 






7 


Peabody, George, London, 






2504 


Phillips, Alonzo P., ... 




. 


5 


10 









146 



Poole, William F., Boston, 

Poole, Leonard, 

Poole, Fitch, . 

Poole, Theodore, 

Poor, Eben. S., 

Proctor, John W., . 

Providence Athenaeum, 

Roy, W. L., . 

Salem Athenaeum, . 

Single Blessedness, Author of, 

Shillaber, Benjamin P., Chelsea, 

Smithsonian Institute, Washington, 

Teague, John H., . 

Towne, Amos P., . 

Upham, Charles W., Salem, 

Whitney, Henry A., Boston, 

Wright, E. M., 



Vols. 

8 

1 
37 

5 

3 

3 

1 
11 

1 

1 

2 

4 

1 

1 

1 

1 

3 



147 



THE LAYING OF THE CORNER-STONE. 



The Corner-Stone of the edifice designed for the Peabody Institute 
was laid on Saturday afternoon, August 20, 1853. The occasion was 
one of great interest, and its observance was due to its distinguished 
Founder, making a marked era in our local history. 

The weather was exceedingly favorable, and a great number of peo- 
ple were present to witness the proceedings, among whom were many 
ladies, and distinguished gentlemen from Boston, Salem, and adjoining 
towns. The guests from abroad were handsomely entertained at the 
residence of Eben Sutton, Esq., which is in the immediate vicinity of 
the Institute grounds. 

At 4 o'clock the exercises commenced, under direction of the 
President of the Board of Trustees, Hon. Robert S. Daniels, the Com- 
mittee and guests occupying a raised platform, and a band of music 
being in attendance added an enlivening interest to the occasion. 

Mr. Daniels called the assembly to order, and opened the proceed- 
ings by the following remarks : — 

MR. DANIELS' REMARKS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

We have assembled here to-day for the purpose of laying the corner- 
stone of a building about to be erected on this spot, for the promotion 
of objects of deep interest to every good citizen. The noble generosi- 
ty of George Peabody, who is proud to claim Danvers as the home of 
his ancestors and the place of his nativity, has brought us together at 
this time. He is now a distinguished and honored resident of the me- 
tropolis of the world. Mr. Peabody made his donation to the inhabit- 
ants of his native town, for the promotion of knowledge and morality 
among them. He considers it a debt due from the present to future 
generations. These are high and noble views and objects. It is hon- 
orable to him, and if rightly improved, must be a great blessing to us, 
and those who come after us. It is our duty, my friends, to see that 
the Institution to be ♦here established is fairly and honorably com- 



148 

menced ; that all the trusts committed to us are executed with fidelity, 
and in the most perfect good faith. Let the present generation leave 
everything connected with this Institution in full and vigorous growth ; 
let us do our duty conscientiously, and trust to an impartial posterity 
for an approval. 

Before proceeding in the ceremonies, it is proper that we should 
invoke the blessing of God upon our undertaking. 

An appropriate prayer was addressed to Almighty God, by the Rev. 
Milton P. Braman. 

The Hon. Alfred A. Abbott was then introduced, and delivered the 
following address, prepared for the occasion, in the most eloquent and 
happy manner : — 

MR. ABBOTT'S ADDRESS. 

Fellow-Citizens : — 

By the solicitations of the Board of Trustees of the Peabody Dona- 
tion, I have been persuaded to assume a task which more properly 
devolved upon, and should have been performed by, some other one of 
your number. We have met here to-day, under the smiles of this 
summer sun, to signalize an event, not, perhaps, of wide and general 
interest, but certainly worthy of commemoration in our local annals. 

On the 16th day of June, 1852, during the closing ceremonies of the 
celebration of the centenary of Danvers as an independent municipali- 
ty, a communication was received from Mr. George Peabody of Lon- 
don, a native of this town, enclosing this sentiment — " Education : a 
debt due from present to future generations," — and with it a tender of 
the sum of twenty thousand dollars, for founding here, in the place of 
his birth and his early home, a lyceum and library, an institution which 
should be free to all the inhabitants, for the constant and lasting pro- 
motion among them of knowledge and morality. This munificent do- 
nation, afterwards increased by the receipt often thousand dollars more 
from the same source, was, by the corporate action of the town, grate- 
fully accepted, and placed in the hands of trustees, to be by them in- 
vested and used in accordance with the wishes of the donor. In fulfil- 
ment of their trust they have selected this site, — and here, upon this 
pleasant spot, they are now proceeding to rear an imposing structure, 
which shall be to our children, and our children's children, a monu- 
ment to him whose name it is to bear, — a memorial worthy and appro- 
priate, if it shall but faithfully subserve his high aims and noble pur- 
poses. 



149 

In laying the corner-stone of the proposed edifice, a circumstance 
recognized by custom as the commencement of such an enterprise as 
this, the trustees have thought it well that there should be some slight 
observance, — some little ceremony, however humble, to mark our in- 
terest in the occasion, and which, while it shall be a public recognition 
of gratitude to our kind benefactor, shall also serve as an equally pub- 
lic pledge of our determination to cooperate in promoting the great 
object of his noble benefaction. 

And now, fellow-citizens, in the simple statement which I have made 
is comprehended the whole purpose of our assembling together. Here, 
perhaps, I ought to stop, for should I speak further, not a person is there 
present who has not anticipated the theme of my remarks. " Who is 
this man, until recently a stranger to most of this living generation, and 
dwelling in a foreign land, who is this man who has done this act .-* 
How lofty are his motives, and how vitally important the end he has in 
view !" This question, and this or such an exclamation, embody the 
thoughts which must be uppermost in every mind, and which form the 
natural and fitting topics of the occasion. Upon neither of them shall 
I dwell but for a moment ; certainly I need not upon the first. The 
character and history of Mr. Peabody have, by the natural course of 
things, become so familiar to us within the last year, that, like his 
name, they have almost come to be household property. How, nearly 
threescore years ago, " in a very humble house in this then quiet vil- 
lage, he was born, the son of respectable parents, but in humble cir- 
cumstances," — Jw70, " from the common schools of the parish, such as 
they were from 1803 to 1807," to use his own simple words, " he ob- 
tained the limited education his parents' means could afford, but to the 
principles then inculcated owing much of the foundation for such suc- 
cess as heaven has been pleased to grant him during a long business 
life," — ho20, at the early age of eleven years, in the humble capacity 
of a grocer's boy, in a shop hard by where we now stand, he com- 
menced his life of earnest but successful toil — hoio, four years after, 
having sought promotion in another sphere, he found himself, by his 
father's death and his brother's misfortunes, an orphan, without means, 
without employment, without friends, and all in the most gloomy 
times, but how, buoyed up by firm resolve and a high endeavor, he 
turned his back upon the endeared but now desolate scenes of his boy- 
hood, and sought under a southern sun those smiles of fortune denied 
him by the frowning skies of his northern home — how, there in George- 
town, in the District of Columbia, he became while not yet nineteen 



150 

years old, such was his capacity and fidehty, partner in a respectable 
firm, which afterwards removed to Baltimore and had branches estab- 
lished in two or three of our principal cities, and how, at length become 
the head of his house, and having crossed and recrossed the ocean 
many times in the transaction of his foreign business, he at last, in 
1847, established himself permanently in London, having now created 
an immense business and amassed a princely fortune, — how, through 
all this career from poverty to opulence, that simple heart and kindly 
nature which in youth divided with his orphan brothers and sisters the 
scanty earnings of his toil, and in later and more prosperous days ex- 
panded in social amenities and timely charities to his countrymen in a 
strange land, how this true nature remained ever the same, untainted 
by that proud success which too often corrupts, mellowed only by those 
growing years which seldom fail to blunt our finer sensibilities — and 
lastly, how, while with a private life above reproach, and a professional 
character distinguished even among the merchant princes of England, 
he had come to be pointed out, both at home and abroad, as the model 
of a man and a merchant, hoio, all this time, his heart fondly turned to 
his native country, and how, true to her interests and her honor, in the 
darkest hour of her adversity, he stood up manfully in her defence, and 
throwing patriotism, energy and capital into the breach, sustained her 
credit, vindicated her good name, and won the gratitude and received 
the thanks of sovereign states, — all this, fellow-citizens, is but the out- 
line of a portraiture, and a grouping of some incidents in a sketch which 
I will not fill up, because recent events have spread before you the de- 
tails and drawn the picture with colors of light. Were any apology 
needed for not proceeding further, I find it in the presence here of one, 
[Hon. Abbott Lawrence,] who, both by business and social relations, 
must have been brought into close and friendly intimacy with Mr. Pea- 
body, and from whom I indulge the hope that we may hear a word to- 
day. You cannot, fellow-citizens, mistake my allusion to him who was 
so lately our minister to the Court of St. James, who, if he will pardon 
me, himself presents another of the happiest illustrations of the highest 
type of our national character, — who, also the architect of his own am- 
ple fortune, built up by a series of enterprises, which while enriching 
him have blessed others, and reared up as by magic a thriving city 
upon the banks of our beautiful Merrimac, has crowned his active life 
by services for the State, which have earned him gratitude and won 
him fame, I trust that while kindly consenting to perform a ceremo- 
nial act, he will not refuse to indulge us with a few words of him 



151 

whom he must be proud to call his friend, and whom we shall ever 
recognize as our generous benefactor. 

Upon the other topic which was suggested I forbear even to enter. 
A. consideration of the motives which actuated Mr. Peabody in his 
present gift is a subject so interesting and a field so wide that the 
casual glance, which would be all this occasion could allow, would 
altogether fail to grasp its merits or even to discover its proportions. 
Somewhat, it may be, of pious feeling of a debt due — somewhat of 
tender and long cherished affection for the spot of his nativity — some- 
what of the sweet memories and hallowed associations of early days, 
of dear remembrances of youthful friends and buried love — much, in- 
deed, of all this may have moved his heart ; but his strong, good sense 
and intelligent mind took hold upon something and was moved by causes 
more potent than mere sentiment. He thought and reflected upon that 
which is agitating the minds of thinking men everywhere, alike in the 
calm contemplation of the looker-on abroad, alike in the excited, glow- 
ing life of the citizen at home — that here and now was being solved the 
great problem of the age, and of all ages — that here, upon this vast 
theatre and beneath the arching skies of this new world, was being tested 
the last great experiment of self-government — that this expanding, swel- 
ling empire has for its only basis the intelligence and morality of the 
people — and that, unless knowledge and virtue follow in the path of our 
national progress, and keep step with its wonderful march, the toils of 
our fathers and the hopes of their sons will prove alike in vain, and our 
dreams of future glory, vanishing 

" Like the baseless fabric of a vision, 
Leave not a rack behind." 

And this, fellow-citizens, is the true teaching of that sentiment, this 
the lesson which comes hidden in that gift — and which, would we but 
learn it ourselves and proclaim it to others, might prove more precious 
than silver or gold, or untold treasure. This day, then, imposes upon 
us new responsibility ; this added privilege summons us to higher duties. 
Bound by fresh obligations to our homes and our vicinage, we are also 
reminded that we form a part of one great country, dear to all hearts, 
and that, our little pebble cast upon the waters, its quiet influence may 
ripple to the furthest shore. We may do but little directly; indirectly 
we can accomplish much. As every State in the Union acts upon every 
other, for good or for evil, in proportion to its comparative moral and 
intellectual growth, so every town acts upon the State, — and thus every 
man, acting, through his fellows, upon the town and so upon the State, 



152 

is felt at last upon the destinies of the whole republic. Thus the honest 
farmer who here tills his narrow acres, and the industrious mechanic 
who plies his humble trade, but who rear up their children in the fear 
of God, the love of knowledge, and in obedience to law, may not only 
secure the happiness of his village fireside and the prosperity of his 
beloved Commonwealth, but be planting seeds which shall germinate 
upon the banks of the great rivers of the West and along the shores of 
the Pacific, in a harvest richer and dearer than yellow grain or golden 
sands. 

And now, fellow-citizens, while we lay deep and broad the foundations 
of this institution, already consecrated to God in prayer, let us also 
dedicate it to the noble objects of its founder. As the stately edifice 
rises in strength and beauty, let our new-formed purposes for the ad- 
vancement of mind and morals, warm and ripen into firm resolve and 
living action. And when it shall have been completed, and we and our 
children shall reap the benefits and enjoy the blessings of this pious and 
patriotic gift, — as in after years we shall repair hither at the quiet close 
of the summer's day, to refresh our minds with the treasures of study 
and the delights of learning, or gather here in the long evenings of our 
northern winter, to seek the truths of science, and catch from eloquent 
lips the lessons of knowledge and wisdom, — let us, and those who come 
after us, ever remember that we are but members of one great family, 
ruled over by one good God, in whose mysterious providence the hum- 
blest one of us may benefit and bless the whole universe of man. 

The Chairman then introduced the Hon. Abbott Lawrence in the 
following remarks : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

It is with great pleasure I announce to the audience that the Hon. 
Abbott Lawrence of Boston, whose private worth and public services 
must be familiar to all, has consented, at Mr. Peabody's request and our 
earnest solicitation, to lay the corner-stone. 

Mr. Lawrence, having advanced to the front of the platform, spoke 
as follows : 



153 



SPEECH OF HON. ABBOTT LAWRENCE. 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

I am here to-day by invitation of the Committee of this Institution, 
and at the urgent request of some of my friends, and also of Mr. George 
Peabody, whom I am proud to say I have the privilege of calling my 
friend. [Applause.] 

My first duty, sir, is to present my acknowledgments and thanks to 
the Hon. gentleman who has addressed us on this occasion, (Mr. Abbott.) 
I feel most deeply the kind words he has spoken, and the expressions 
which he was kind enough to use as applying to me personally. 

Ladies and gentlemen, this is no ordinary occasion, and it is no 
ordinary audience which I address. 1 am here in a town which has 
given birth to a great number of distinguished men. I am here in that 
town where the immortal Gen. Israel Putnam was born. I am not un- 
mindful, also, that another revolutionary individual. Judge Holten, was 
a native of the town of Danvers, and I remember well that most extra- 
ordinary man, who lived to a great age. Gen. Gideon Foster of Dan- 
vers. I also knew a civilian — a jurist of distinction, who has lately 
deceased — Judge Putnam. And I should do injustice to myself, and the 
sweet memories I entertain, if I were to omit another individual, who 
has lately passed away, the Hon. Daniel P. King, who was a friend of 
mine foi' many, many years. [Applause.] 

I will not dwell longer upon names, because I know that this town 
was the cradle of the revolution. I know that our country is indebted 
to the town of Danvers for many of the most distinguished men she 
had at that time. But I am happy to say that I am now addressing the 
descendants of those men who achieved our nation's independence. 
[Cheers.] 

Sir, I before remarked to you that I came here as the representative 
of Mr. George Peabody ; and upon that it may generally be asked how 
Mr. Peabody achieved so much good for his country. I know him well. 
I have known him for many years. I have seen him day by day, month 
after month, and year after year, and for the benefit of the younger 
portions of this audience, I will tell you how he has achieved all that 
has been so eloquently portrayed by the Hon. gentleman who preceded 
me. In the first place, nature gave him a good constitution and a sound 
mind ; secondly, he is a man of indomitable moral courage ; thirdly, 
he has patience, perseverance, industry, and, above all, the strictest 
integrity. [Applause.] 



154 

Ladies and gentlemen, 1 know him well, and I can say, here in the 
face of this summer's sun and this audience, that I deem Mr. George 
Peabody the veiy soul of honor, and that is the foundation of his suc- 
cess. Those traits of character I have mentioned — this integrity of 
purpose and determination — have given him all the success he has 
achieved. [Renewed applause.] 

Sir, he deserves all, all that has been so eloquently expressed by the 
Hon. gentleman who preceded me. He deserves all this commenda- 
tion, and language is hardly strong enough, in my opinion, to convey to 
you, his fellow-townsmen, the excellent traits of the character of Mr. 
George Peabody. I have mentioned to you the names of several dis- 
tinguished individuals who wei'e born and brought up in this good town 
of Danvers ; they have left names behind them that will last as long as 
patriotism, honor, and virtue is considered or remembered in the world ; 
but none will go down to posterity with more honor, more love, or more 
of that which ennobles man, than the name of Mr. George Peabody. 
[Applause.] 

Sir, I wish he were here to-day. I am sure he will be gratified when 
he learns all the interest that has been taken by the people of Danvers 
and its neighborhood, in laying the corner-stone of an institution which 
bids fair to do more for future good than, perhaps, any other institution 
in this town or its neighborhood. 

Sir, I feel a deep interest in this institution. In all the movements, 
not only in our own New England, but elsewhere in our favored country, 
upon the subject of education, I rejoice. I rejoice that so much has been 
done ; but, let me say, a great deal more remains to be accomplished. 
We have a great labor yet to perform. We live in a country increasing in 
the numbers of its people at the rate of a million a year! And our 
only security for the preservation of our freedom and our republican 
institutions is, to edttcate the people. Not only let there be education, 
but let it be universal — a universal education of the people — and this is 
the purpose of the institution whose foundation-stone we are called upon 
to place to-day. It is one of the germs of this universal education. 
[Cheers.] 

Sir, I will task your patience no longer at this time. We have among 
\»s one of our great and accomplished orators, all ready to make a speech, 
besides two mayors and one or two members of Congress, all of whom 
I should be most happy to hear. [Loud applause,] 



155 

Mr. Lawrence was then conducted by the Chairman of the Building 
Committee to the northwest angle of the edifice, where the corner-stone 
was duly laid ; in the performance of which ceremony Mr. Lawrence 
spoke as follows : — 

Mr. Chairman : 

I now proceed to lay the foundation-stone of an institution, which I 
trust may be as permanent as the granite of which it is composed. I 
lay the stone in the hope and belief that the building which is to be 
erected will always be appropriated to the difTusion of knowledge among 
the whole people — founded upon the principles of true religion, drawn 
solely from the Bible. I beg to say, especially for the benefit of the 
younger portion of this great assembly, that, from my own observation 
and experience, which have not been small, the only safe chart of 
human life will be found in the Holy Scriptures — and to you, my young 
friends, I would recommend on all occasions, and in every position of 
life, to study the Bible. 

Sir, allow me stdl further to express a hope, that this edifice may 
never be desecrated to purposes of religious controversy or political 
wrangling, but may ever be held sacred to the promotion of those great 
principles, which were so nobly maintained by your forefathers, — liter- 
ature, art, science, and public liberty — always to be regulated by law. 

No human institution can be permanently prosperous without the 
blessing of Divine Providence, and I therefore invoke the blessing of 
the Almighty upon this institution, its founder, and the inhabitants of the 
town of Danvers. 

The company then returned to the platform, where the Chairman 
introduced his Honor Benjamin Scaver, Mayor of Boston, by a happy 
allusion to the various charitable, literary, and scientific institutions of 
Boston. 

SPEECH OF HON. BENJAMIN SEAVER. 

Mr. Chairman : — 

I thank you, sir, and the gentlemen of the committee, for having 
done me the honor to invite me to attend at the ceremonial of this day, 
I esteem it a high privilege to be here, and I congratulate you and the 
committee, as well as the inhabitants of this town, upon the magnifi- 
cent donation it has received. It is honorable to them, sir, and it does 
honor to the distinguished individual of whose generosity they are the 
recipients, that such a multitude has assembled to testify their appreci- 
ation of its value. 



156 

Sir, it would seem out of place for me to say a word on this occa- 
sion, were it not for the high consideration of what it is that makes 
New England honorable and prosperous, at home and abroad, — that it 
is not her numbers that gives her consideration, but that knowledge 
alone is the power of New England. [Cheers.] Sir, I regard this 
occasion as one that adds to those means which have given to New 
England her knowledge, and her consequent power, and honor, and 
prosperity. [Applause."] 

The distinguished gentleman whom it is the happy privilege of the 
town of Danvers to call a native citizen, has contributed very much 
not only to the prosperity of your own town, but to that of the city 
which I have the honor to represent on this occasion, and to the whole 
<jf New England. Sir, you have done but justice to the city of Boston 
in the remarks you have made complimentary to her institutions. We 
are now about to establish a public library there, as you are well aware, 
by the munificence of one of our own citizens, who has also lived in the 
city of London, and enjoyed its honors and an unusual degree of pros- 
perity, and, amid all these honors and all this prosperity, has not for- 
gotten the period when he was a poor apprentice boy in Boston. Sir, 
I wish I was at liberty to read a private letter from that distinguished 
gentleman, Joshua Bates, Esq., of London. He would be elevated 
still more in your estimation, and in the estimation of all who know 
him. That gentleman, I may be permitted to say, did not forget his 
once humble position. He had, as my friend has said of Mr. Peabody, 
a good constitution and a sound mind, and, above everything else, as 
an element of success everywhere, he was endowed with honor and 
integrity of character. 

But, Mr. Chairman, it would not become me, after all that has been 
so eloquently and properly said in praise of your distinguished bene- 
factor, to add a single word, except to express a wish, in which I know 
that every one who hears me, and those who cannot hear me, will join 
with all their hearts. It is — Health, long life, happiness, and troops of 
friends, to George Peabody, Esq. [Loud cheers.] 

The Chairman then introduced Hon. Asahel Huntington, Mayor of 
•Salem, as follows : — 

Old Mother Salem, who is ever ready to give good counsel and 
advice to all her children, is represented here by her excellent Mayor, 
Hon. Mr. Huntington. 



157 



MAYOR HUNTINGTON'S SPEECH. 

Mr. Chairman : — 

I feel greatly obliged, sir, for the privilege of being present upon 
this most interesting occasion, and that you have seen fit to call upon 
me, as the representative of our ancient and neighboring city of Naum- 
keag, of which Danvers is the first-born daughter, ever to be known 
and honored, especially in the character, principles, purposes, and 
objects of her distinguished son, — ever to be known, sir, and honored 
throughout the civilized world, — George Peabody, the founder of a 
great popular institution ; an institution that is to shed abroad, through 
all coming generations, knowledge, virtue, and morality ; an institution 
that is to confer countless blessings upon this his native town, which he 
remembers abroad, in the great commercial metropolis of the world. 
Honored, as he is, among merchant princes, yet, sir, it does him still 
higher honor that he remembers that little village school-house, and 
that meeting-house in its neighborhood, where the Rev. Mr. Walker 
ministered in the days of his youth, and sends a princely donation to 
be the foundation and the means of rearing here this great popular 
seminary of learning for his own townsmen through all coming time. 
[Applause.] 

I come here with great pleasure, at the invitation of the trustees of 
this institution, to testify, with many of my fellow-citizens, to the deep 
interest we feel in this occasion, and the objects of this assembly. We 
trust, sir, that the purposes and aims of the founder of this institution 
may be accomplished, in the increased diffusion of learning and mo- 
rality among the people of this town, his native place, to the end of 
time. [Applause.] 

The Chairman next introduced the Hon. George S. Hillard, of Bos- 
ton, who spoke as follows : — 

MR. HILLARD'S SPEECH, 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

I am wholly unprepared to address you at this time. I have not a 
speech, either in my head or in my pocket. Indeed, I do not know 
upon what grounds those who have called me out upon this occasion 
can justify their conduct, either to their consciences or to their sense of 
honor. [Laughter.] I am not here in any official capacity. I am, it 
is true, a citizen of no mean city ; but I am the mayor of nothing 



158 

[renewed laughter] ; nor can I claim to be a citizen of your good town 
of Danvers, as is, doubtless, well known to all of you ; nor can I even 
fall back upon the last ground of all, — of being a friend of Mr. Pea- 
body, for it is my misfortune not to be personally acquainted with that 
gentleman. I am here simply as a Massachusetts m^n ; nay, more : 
as a man in obedience to that noblest sentiment of the Latin poet, the 
nearest approach to a Christian sentiment ever uttered by a heathen 
writer, — " I am a man, and I feel myself interested in everything that 
relates to humanity." [Cheers.] 

Sir, I consider that this occasion addresses itself to every man, 
simply as a member of the great human family. I am glad to be here 
to testify, so far, as an individual, I can do it, my appreciation of the 
honorable, noble, and commendable work your distinguished fellow- 
townsman has here this day done. From the moment I read in the 
papers Mr. Peabody's letter enclosing the donation, I felt a warming of 
the heart towards that gentleman, whom, I confess, I had never even 
seen ; and not only that, but I also felt an interest in the town of Dan- 
vers. It seemed to me that, from that time, every foot of the town of 
Danvers had in it a new element of interest and attraction to every 
citizen of Massachusetts. [Applause.] 

But let me say that this munificent gift of your townsman imposes 
upon you a corresponding weight of duty and obligation. Your task 
will not have been performed when you have reared these stones one 
upon another, or when you may have filled your library shelves with 
books, the value of which consists alone in the judicious using of them. 
No. It demands from you a great, continuous, persevering, uninter- 
rupted effort. You should receive this gift, not merely with a grateful, 
but with a responsive, spirit. You should remember that every dollar 
3'our townsman has put into this building is the representative of toil, 
of effort, of sacrifice, of the postponement of present enjoyment for 
future good, of a giving up of some pleasure, some allurement of ease 
or indulgence ; and, surely, he asks of you that you should imitate 
this generous example in a like spirit. You are not to fold your hands, 
but to work with him, and for the accomplishment of his aims. It 
becomes those among you who are educated, to give of your knowl- 
edge to the ignorant ; it becomes those among you who are rich, to 
give of your abundance to the poor ; it becomes you all to stretch forth 
a helping hand to the lowly, to the poor, and to the struggling, — to the 
poor boy who stands here upon your soil, as your townsman stood 
many years ago. In that spirit you may show your gratitude, and I 



159 

say this in the full assurance that you will meet this noble bounty in 
the mood of mind it deserves, I trust that every wish and every 
anticipation he may have formed, in his most sanguine moments, may 
be here more than realized. [Applause.] 

I hope the sunshine which now falls upon us from these covering 
heavens may be a symbolical sunshine, typifying the smiles of Heaven, 
which shall descend and rest upon this building, and all the influences 
which may go out from it. May it be a fountain of good influences, 
never becoming dry, and never slacking its copious streams. May it 
be a rill of happiness to coming generations, not imperceptible, not lost, 
but flowing harmoniously into that broad stream upon which our com- 
mon country is ever borne onward to prosperity, to happiness, and to 
glory. [Prolonged applause.] 

The Hon. Charles W. Upham, of Salem, was then called upon, and 
responded as follows : — 

MR. UPHAM'S SPEECH. 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

I yield to the call which has been made from the Chair, and venture 
to address you for a single moment. I have not been able to reach the 
rostrum before, and have lost very much of the eloquence with which 
you have been entertained this afternoon ; but 1 am ready to contribute 
my mite to that expression of public gratitude and admiration which 
has burst from the lips of these eloquent speakers, and been responded 
to by all your hearts. 

Fellow-citizens, 1 beg leave to express the sentiments which an 
humble individual of the neighboring city may be considered as justly 
authorized to entertain on this occasion. His Honor the Mayor — 
whom I municipally recognize as my father, the head of our city — 
has spoken in the name of that city. A year ago I occupied the sta- 
tion which he now honors, and he was then one of my children, and I 
was municipally his father. Now, therefore, I may consider myself 
as clothed with a still higher grade, — as one of the grandfathers of the 
city of Salem. [Laughter.] As such, I am happy to speak the sen- 
timents of the city of Salem. You are " bone of our bone, and flesh 
of our flesh ; " and you have always been, men and women of Dan- 
vers, spirit of our spirits, and heart of our hearts. [Cheers.] In the 
earliest periods of the settlement and history of the colony, Danvers 
was recognized as a beautiful, noble, and hopeful off*spring of old 



160 

Salem ; and, from the first, we have stood together in perfect sym- 
pathy, supporting, as I trust we always shall, all the great fundamental 
principles which go to the preservation and welfare of the republic. • 

In these two places — Danvers and Salem — knowledge, virtue, patri- 
otism, philanthropy, and piety, have been cherished from the first ; and 
your distinguished and truly illustrious townsman, whose praises have 
been so well uttered to-day, here on these fields, in these school-houses, 
and beneath the roof of that venerable church, imbibed those princi- 
ples which have made him what he is, in virtue of which he has estab- 
lished this institution, to perpetuate, strengthen, and confirm thos" 
principles through all future generations. [Cheers.] • 

Fellow-citizens, I will not detain you another moment, further than 
to say that you are entering upon a most noble rivalry, not only with 
your mother Salem, but with the metropolis itself, and all the other 
most honored communities of our land. In establishing and rearing 
this noble institution, you have pledged yourselves to the cause of vir- 
tue, intelligence, science, and religion ; and I can only say that it will 
require the utmost and constant exertion of the energies of old Salem 
to keep pace with you, citizens of Danvers, in the glorious career upon 
which you have entered. I will say for your brethren of the city of 
Salem that we will endeavor to keep pace with you ; and, hereafter, 
the emulation shall be, which shall be most faithful, which most con- 
stant, which most strenuous, in sustaining those institutions by which 
alone the welfare, the glory, and the prosperity of the republic, can be 
perpetuated. [Prolonged applause.] 

The Chairman then thanked the assembly for their attendance and 
orderly conduct, an air was played by Felton's band, and thus con- 
cluded the deeply-interesting ceremonies of a day long to be remem- 
bered by the people of Danvers. 

The documents placed in the corner-stone were : — An account of 
the Centennial Celebration at Danvers ; account of a dinner given by 
Mr. George Peabody to the Americans connected with the Great Exhi- 
bition, at the London Coffee House, Ludgate Hill, Oct. 27, 1851 ; 
official town documents ; newspapers of the day ; documents of the 
Essex Historical Society ; seal of the Peabody Institute ; documents 
of the city of Salem, and other interesting matter relating to the town ; 
together with an " Epistle from the Present to Future Generations," 
from the pen of Mr. Fitch Poole, which we annex. 



.i^ 



^<^ 






161 



E P I S T L- E 

FROM THE PRESENT TO FUTURE GENERATIONS. 



Danvers, August 20, 1853. 
Respected Descendants : — 

We address you at this time, which is an important epoch in the 
annals of our town. The event of to-day will be regarded by you as 
a weighty item in your past history. We have met to lay the corner- 
stone of an edifice connected with a noble institution, designed, by its 
benevolent founder, for the promotion of knowledge and morality 
among the people of this town, through successive generations. It is 
erected by the bounty of one of our native citizens, — GEORGE 
PEABODY, — now a resident of London, the present capital of Great 
Britain. In his childhood and early youth, he received instruction in 
the free schools of our village ; and, in grateful acknowledgment of 
these privileges, he has founded the institution to whose objects this 
building is to be consecrated. This institution has, by a vote of the 
inhabitants of the town, received the name of the " PEABODY 
INSTITUTE," " that, in future years, our children may be reminded 
of their fathers' benefactor, and that sirangers may know the name of 
him whom Danvers will always be proud to claim as her son." 

The institution was founded on the 16th day of June, 1852, at a time 
when the inhabitants were assembled to celebrate the one hundredth 
anniversary of its corporate existence. You will find, among the doc- 
uments inclosed with this, a full account of the proceedings at that 
celebration, and also of the bestovvment of the gift. 

You have learned from history that Danvers was settled in 1628, by 
Governor John Endicott and his followers, some of whose descendants 
are now among our most valued citizens. You have read of its growth 
in connection with Salem, and its separation from it in 1752. We pro- 
pose to speak to you of its advancemeiit only for the last fifty years, 
beginning at the time when its greatest benefactor was a pupil in one 
of its schools. At that time its population was about 2600, and its 
annual expenses about $5000. It was then almost entirely an agricul- 
tural town, the people being distinguished for morality, prudence, and 
industry. 

At this time its population is about 10,000 ; its annual expenses, 
nearly $24,000, about one half of which is applied to the cause of 
education. Its people are employed mainly in agriculture and manu- 
factures. Its lands are generally of good quality, and highly tilled, 
yielding rich returns to the cultivators. Its principal manufactures are 
of leather, in all its forms, and boots and shoes, in which a large capi- 
tal, and many people, find constant and remunerative employment. 
There are also extensive manufactories of carpets, woolen cloths, iron,. 

11 



162 

glue, and earthen ware, and an exlensive blcacliery, of large capital. 
This establishment is built of stone, and is situated near the birth-place 
of Mr. Peabody. 

There are three banks in the town, exclusive of the Savings Bank, 
and their aggregate capital amounts to $500,000 ; a mutual insurance 
company, and seven churches. It has two high schools, and twenty- 
five grammar, intermediate, and primary schools, all supported at the 
public expense. It has also a well-built and convenient alms-house, at 
a cost of $20,000, and a well-organized and effective fire department. 

Of the thirty-two cities and towns of Essex County, Danvers ranks 
the fifth in population, the fourth in wealth, and the fourth in liberality 
to its public schools. 

The growth of the town has been steadily progressive, and, without 
the advantages of any peculiar natural position, or by the aid of large 
manufacturing establishments, bringing capital from abroad. It may, 
therefore, be truly affirmed that its rapid advancement in population 
and wealth has been owing to the energy, enterprise, and industry of 
fits own citizens. 

Although it is generally understood that the present is an age of pro- 
gress, in government, literature, science, and civilization, you will 
probably look back upon it as lamentably behind the age in which you 
live. W<e certainly have to regret the little progress we have made in 
'the arts of civilized life, and that our age must confess to so much tardi- 
ness in scientific discovery. 

Owing to the imperfection of our astronomical instruments, we know 
Ibut 'little of the fixed stars, and none of their planets have yet been 
discovered. In our own solar system, we are acquainted with but eight 
planets, exclusive of the twenty-three asteroidal bodies ; and, strange 
as it may seem to you, we are still in doubt whether or not our moon 
is inhabited 1 

In locomotion, great advances have recently been made ; but the 
greatest speed attained on land is from thirty to fifty miles an hour, and 
at great risk to human life, many lives being annually sacrificed. On 
the water, it requires ten days to cross the Atlantic Ocean, by our 
swiftest ships, driven by the combined power of wind and steam. In 
navigating the air, we are enabled to rise a few thousand feet above the 
earth by the aid of balloons, wid have, as yet, no power to guide them 
against the currents of wind which they may encounter. 

We have no lines of magnetic telegi'aph to the Pacific coast, or 
across the Atlantic. Almost the whole of the correspondence of the 
country is still conducted by the aid of the post-office, and this slow 
mode of communication is likely to continue until a more general and 
perfect system of telegraphing is established. 

Medical science has not yet discovered adequate remedies to prevent 
the spread of consumption, or those destructive epidemics, yellow fever 
and cholera. Our geological discoveries, though great, are of such a 
nature that they open a wider field for further achievements. Other 
discoveries, such as the hidden power of electricity, galvanism, and 
■caloric, seem in process of development, which, when completed, may 
furnish new aids in locomotion, manufactures, and the arts. Still other 
strange phenomena exist, about which men are perplexed to find a solu- 



163 

tion, but which will cease, in your times, to be regarded as miraculous 
or wonderful. 

In education some advances have recently been made, but much 
remains to be done. We have long had our free schools, which are 
justly regarded as the glory of our land ; but the instruction they afford 
is rarely extended beyond childhood and early youth. You would 
scarcely believe it, were you not informed by authentic history, that we 
have, up to this period, no free colleges. Except as in the case of the 
institution whose foundation is now to be laid, and others created by a 
like private liberality, free public instruction is not afforded to our adult 
population. It will, doubtless, be your good fortune to live in an age 
when education, in knowledge and virtue, will be regarded by legisla- 
tors as a business of the whole life. 

In geography we are ignorant of the Northern and Southern Polar 
regions, and of the interior of Africa. That great continent is to this 
day unexplored. On its western shore is an infant nation, having a 
republican form of government, wisely and efficiently administered by 
civilized and intelligent men, of African blood. This nation, though 
small, is now larger in population than was civilized America two cen- 
turies ago. It was our privilege to plant it : it is yours to watch its 
progress, and witness its growth, until all that vast continent shall be 
thrown open to the commerce of the world. 

We have, also, much to lament in the moral aspect of our times. 
Christianity, even in name, has extended over but a small part of the 
globe, and, where it is professed, it is often found to exert too little in- 
fluence over the life. You are, we hope, to be the witnesses of more 
of its legitimate power at home, and, by the efforts of the devoted 
missionary, aided by commerce, its spread over the whole earth. 

We lament, too, that so little of political and personal liberty is now 
in the world. It is to be hoped that all forms of oppression will soon 
cease, and true liberty be universally enjoyed, before the age in which 
you shall live. There is yet great inequality in the social condition of 
mankind, which you are to see corrected by a stronger bond of frater- 
nity, and a wider philanthropy. We hope, also, that it will be 
your privilege to see an end to war, and witness so much harmony 
among the nations, that their union may be perpetuated by a universal 
language. 

Gold and silver coin is, at this time, the standard of value on which 
is based the circulation, exchanges, and all monetary transactions of 
the mercantile world. The relative value of gold over silver, at the 
present time, is as about one to sixteen. Recent discoveries of large 
quantities of gold now threaten to disturb this relation. The ingenuity 
of neither this or any preceding age has been able to find a substitute 
for these metals in commercial transactions. 

We might speak to you particularly of our own country, from its settle- 
ment to its independence of Great Britain. We might dwell upon the 
wisdom and valor of the men who achieved it, led by the illustrious 
Washington, whose great name, we doubt not, will be cherished by you 
with a veneration as great as that with which it is now held by all his 
countrymen. We might speak of the progress of the country, from 
that time to the present, but the pen of history renders this needless. 



164 

Its territorial limits are now bounded, on the east and west by the 
Atlantic and Pacific oceans, on the north by the great lakes and the 
49th parallel of latitude, and on the south by the Grande and Gila 
rivers. We dare not anticipate its extent and power when you shall 
have come on the stage of life ! Our hopes greatly preponderate over 
our fears, knowing that the destinies of our country are to be entrusted 
to generations having greater knowledge than the present, and living in 
a more enlightened age of the world. 

To you, our descendants, we entrust the honor and welfare of our 
beloved country and our ancient town. To you we commit the Institu- 
tion which is now to be established. It is a gift from one of the noblest 
men of our age, bestowed on you for your improvement in knowledge 
and virtue. Cherish, sustain, and improve it for the good of those who 
will follow you. Cherish, also, in your memories and affections, the 
name of its Founder. Tell your children of his high sense of honor, 
of his successful exertions to sustain, in a dark period, the drooping 
credit of his country and countrymen, and of his zeal to unite, in a 
bond of true brotherhood, the land of his sojourn with the land of his 
birth. 

We stand, much respected Posterity, towards you in a peculiar 
position. While, as your ancestors, we are now addressing you, you 
are not in existence ; nor will you be, until ages have passed away. 
We know not the time when you will occupy the stage of life from 
which we shall soon make our exit. While you are waiting for your 
cradles, we wait for our coffins. Thus successive generations will 
appear and assume our stations ; and thus they will depart until your 
time comes. You will then look back upon us as your forefathers. 
You will look with critical and curious eyes on our antiquated habits of 
thought and action. You will probably show your compassion for our 
Ignorance, and make yourselves merry at the quaintness of our 
language and costume. 

While you justly ridicule us tor our follies, we only ask you to 
judge us by the proper standard. We wish you to consider that every 
successive generation has a new advantage in the discoveries and ex- 
perience of the preceding, and that you are indebted to us, and those 
who follow us, for much of that wealth of wisdom which you possess. 
We crave your judgment of us in the dim light of our own age, and 
not in the brightness of yours. We ask this as our right, so that when 
you trace your genealogies back to our times, you may deem your- 
selves the progeny of a worthy, if not an enlightened ancestry. 

We invoke, in your behalf, the blessings of that Providence whose 
kind care supported our fathers, and has extended over their children to 
the present moment. As your progenitors, we give you our blessing, 
not doubting that, in proportion to your greatly increased privileges, 
will be your improvement of them, for your own happiness and the 
true glory of your age. 

Accept our benediction, and with it our congratulations, that you 
come upon the stage of life at a more enlightened age of the world 
than those who address you. 

THE GENERATION OF 1853. 



165 



THE DEDICATION. 



The Peabody Institute, in Danvers, was dedicated on Friday after- 
noon, Sept. 29, 1854, by very interesting and appropriate services. 
The beautiful Hall or Lecture Room was thronged to its utmost capacity, 
and hundreds, who desired to gain admission, were unable even to ap- 
proach the doors. By a fortunate coincidence, a magnificent painting 
— a full length portrait of Mr. Peabody, by Healy, ordered by the citizens 
of Danvers — was received from Europe a^few days before, in season 
to be placed over the rostrum, facing the audience, where it is to remain 
as a permanent decoration of the Hall, and memorial of the noble- 
hearted donor. 

The services were introduced by the following pertinent remarks from 
Hon. R. S. Daniels, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, who presided : 

MR. DANIELS' REMARKS. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

This is a deeply interesting occasion to the inhabitants of the town 
of Danvers. This is one of our brightest and proudest days. The events 
and circumstances which have brought us together at this time will ever 
be prominent in our local history. This building, now and ever after 
to be known as the Peabody Institute, is completed, and we are 
assembled to-day for the first time within its walls, for the purpose of 
consecrating it to the noble t)bjects for which it was intended by its dis- 
tinguished donor. It may be proper to state that in its erection about 
one hundred persons, in all the departments of labor, have been em- 
ployed. No accident has occurred — no disagreements have been 
known — no discord has arisen to interrupt the most pleasant intercourse 
among them — all have seemed anxious that it should be erected with 
care and exactness. The architect, the master-builders, and the humblest 
laborers, have exerted themselves to do their whole duty. They knew 
it was a public institution, designed for the public good, and they were 
ever prompt to bestow their best efforts, that it might be what it ough: 
to be. The beauty and convenience of the structure will convince 
every impartial observer that they have been successful. 



166 

The importance of this Institution to this town, and its influence in 
this community, we trust will meet our most sanguine expectations. It 
is to be devoted to the promotion of "knowledge and morality" — this is 
the language of Mr. Peabody — and wherever true knowledge is diffused, 
society will be improved and elevated ; and wherever pure morality 
abounds, there will be a security and confidence which will promote peace 
and happiness, and add much to the enjoyment and pleasures of life. To 
accomplish these purposes, Mr. Peabody has directed that lectures shall 
be given and a library established. What more efficient means could 
be designed to secure the desired objects? Here will be deposited the 
results of the labors of the purest and best minds. Here we shall have 
opportunity to be instructed and enlightened by able and learned orators. 
It will indeed be a fountain of knowledge, from which are to flow streams 
of intellectual power and richness. We shall find here sources of en- 
joyment and of refined improvement, which are afforded to few towns 
even in our own favored New England. Who can doubt but that great 
and good influences will be scattered abroad from this Institution ? Will 
not our young men, and young ladies, too, come up here and drink 
deep from these sources of learning, furnished gratuitously by one who 
experienced, in his youthful days, the need of such golden privileges? 
Youth is emphatically the time to store the mind with useful knowledge ; 
it will invigorate the intellect, and give a purer and better knowledge of 
the great duties of life. 

My friends — Mr. Peabody, in the bestowment of his first donation, 
proposed a sentiment, which was announced at the Centennial Celebra- 
tion, that " Education" was a " debt due from present to future genera- 
tions." And how soon will this Institution, with its cares and responsi- 
bilities, its blessings and benefits, be known only to posterity ? We shall 
hardly behold the swelling bud ; — the opening flower and the ripened 
fruit will be gathered in the future. This building will probably be 
standing when every one of the now ten thousand inhabitants of this 
town shall have mingled with the dust. It is well known to you that 
the venerable friend of Mr. Peabody, Capt. Sylvester Proctor, who had 
been selected to lay the corner-stone, had passed away from all earthly 
scenes before that event occurred ; and also one, [Dr. Nichols,] who 
was prominent, and took a deep interest in the early movements for the 
establishment of this Institution, slumbers with the dead. Thus, one 
by one, but in rapid succession, our time on earth will close forever. 
Mr. Peabody, our munificent benefactor, will shortly be known only in 
name ; but the blessings which he is diffusing for the benefit of posterity, 



167 

will ensure for him a remembrance of more enduring character than 
the sculptured marble. With these solemn but undisputed facts in view, 
let us pledge ourselves anew, to-day, to the faithful performance of our 
• duty. Let us be ever mindful of the sacred trust committed to our 
charge. Let the privileges, which we here enjoy, pass from us into 
other hands, in all their purity and strength. 

Prayer was then offered by Rev. Dr. Braman, after which the fol- 
lowing Original Hymn, " by a native," (understood to be Edwin Jocelyn, 
Esq.,) was sung, in a very superior manner, by a quartette choir from 
Salem, consisting of the Misses Robinson and Messrs. Whitmore and 
Smith — Mr. B. J. Lang presiding at the piano. The music was from 
Mozart : 

Maker, Endower, Thee we bless 

For all the good we here possess ; 

For life, — these mystic frames of ours. 

Endued with all their various powers ; 

Kind Father ! send thy Spirit down, 

This rite to purify and crown. 

"We bless Thee for the warm blood's flow, 
The muscles' strength that feels its glow ; 
For higher pow'rs of soul and mind. 
Mysteriously with all combined ; 
Great Author ! shower thy Spirit o'er, 
That we may love and praise Thee more. 

We bless Thee for the means Thou'st given, 
To lift our souls from earth to Heaven ; 
And praise Thee, tliat the Eternal Mind 
Inspires great hearts to bless tlieir kind, — 
Imparting what Thou'st given free. 
To raise their race and honor Thee. 

Father of All ! O keep our sight 
Still fix'd on Revelation's light, 
That points a life more pure than this, — 
Of higher work and greater bliss ; 
And now, O, Thou Eternal Power, 
Accept our praise and bless this hour. 

The Chairman then introduced the gentleman who was to deliver the 
address, as follows : 

It is with much pleasure I announce to you a gentleman who is per- 
sonally known to many of you, and whose fame and character is familiar 
to all. He was once a resident of this town, and mingled in our social 



168 

circles. With us he commenced his professional career, and at our 
hands received his first public honors; and, notwithstanding his present 
elevated position, he has never forgotten his old Danvers friends, but 
always receives them with a kind and cordial greeting. He has come 
among us to-day to lend his important aid in giving a start to our 
beloved Institution. I know he will receive a cordial welcome at your 
hands. I now introduce to you the Hon. RuFUS Choate. 

The orator was received with a cordial greeting, and proceeded to 
deliver an address which occupied about an hour and ten minutes, and 
which was listened to with intense delight and admiration. It was an 
address fully up to the occasion, and worthy of the intellect and genius 
of Rufus Choate. The listeners, who experienced so much gratification, 
could hardly have been aware at what a cost their pleasure was derived ; 
for they could not discern, as those brilliant periods charmed the ear, 
that the speaker was suffering from severe and harassing illness. 

ADDRESS OF HON. RUFUS CHOATE. 

I esteem it a great privilege to have been allowed to unite with my 
former townsmen, and the friends of so many years — by whose season- 
able kindness the earliest struggles of professional life were observed 
and helped — the friends of all its periods — so I have found them — to 
unite with you in the transaction for which we are assembled. In all 
respects it is one of rare interest. You have come together to express 
anew your appreciation of the character and the objects of the giver of 
this splendid charity ; to repeat and republish your grateful acceptance 
of it ; and to dedicate this commodious and beautiful structure to its 
faithful and permanent administi'ation. You open to-day for Danvers — 
its inhabitants of this time, and all its successions — the Lyceum of knowl- 
edge and morality. Under this dedication it shall stand while Massa- 
chusetts shall stand. This edifice will crumble, certainly, to be replaced 
with another : this generation of the first recipients of the gift — the 
excellent giver himself — will soon pass away : but while our social and 
civil system shall endure ; while law shall be administered ; while the 
sentiments of justice, gratitude, and honor, shall beat in one heart on 
your territory, the charity is immortal. 

For every one among you it is set open equally. No fear that the 
religious opinions he holds sacred will be assailed, or the politics he 
cultivates insulted, will keep back any from his share of the diffusive 
good. Other places and other occasions you reserve for dissent and 



169 

disputation, and struggle for mastery, and the sharp competitions of life. 
But here shall be peace and reconciliation. Within these walls, the 
knowledge and the morality, which are of no creed and no party; 
which are graceful and profitable for all alike — of every creed and 
every party; which are true and real to every mind, as mind, and from 
the nature of mind ; and to every conscience as conscience, and from 
the nature of conscience ; and which are the same thing, therefore, in 
every brain and every heart — this alone — knowledge and morality, 
broad, free, identical as humanity itself — is to be inculcated here. 

Happy and privileged the community, beyond the measure of New 
England privilege even, for whom such high educational instrumental- 
ities are thus munificently provided, and made perpetual! Happy 
especially, if they shall rouse themselves to improve them to their ut- 
most capacity — if they shall feel that they are summoned by a new 
motive, and by an obligation unfelt before, to an unaccustomed effort 
to appropriate to their hearts and their reason, all the countless good 
which is hidden in knowledge and a right life ; an effort to become 
— more than before — wise, bright, thoughtful, ingenious, good ; to attain 
to the highest degree of learning which is compatible with the practical 
system of things, of which they are part ; to feed the immortal, spiritual 
nature with an ampler and higher nutrition, enriching memory with new 
facts ; judgment with sounder thoughts ; taste with more beautiful images, 
the moral sense with more of all things whatsoever they are lovely, 
honest, and of good report, — the reality of virtue, the desert of praise. 

Happy, almost above all, the noble giver, whose heart is large enough 
to pay of the abundance which crowns his life — to pay out of his single 
means — the whole debt this generation owes the future. I honor and 
love him, not merely that his energy, sense, and integrity have raised 
him from a poor boy — waiting in that shop yonder — to be a guest, as 
Curran gracefully expressed it, at the table of princes ; to spread a 
table for the entertainment of princes — not merely because the bril- 
liant professional career which has given him a position so command- 
ing in the mercantile and social circles of the commercial capital 
of the world, has left him as completely American — the heart as 
wholly untravelled — as when he first stepped on the shore of England 
to seek his fortune, sighing to think that the ocean rolled between him 
and home; jealous of honor; wakeful to our interests; helping his 
country, not by swagger and vulgarity, but by recommending her credit ; 
vindicating her title to be trusted on the exchange of nations ; squander- 
ing himself in hospitalities to her citizens — a man of deeds, not of words, 
— not for these merely I love and honor him, but because his nature is 



170 

affectionate and unsophisticated still ; because his memory comes over 
so lovingly to this sweet Argos ; to the schoolroom of his childhood ; 
to the old shop and kind master, and the graves of his father and mother; 
and because he has had the sagacity, and the character to indulge these 
unextinguished affections in a gift — not of vanity and ostentation — but 
of supreme and durable utility. With how true and rational a satisfac- 
tion might he permit one part of the charitable rich man's epitaph to be 
written on his grave-stone : — " What I spent I had ; what I kept I lost ; 
what I gave away remains with me." 

I have found it quite incompatible with my engagements and health, 
to methodize the thoughts which have crowded on my mind in the pros- 
pect of meeting you to-day, into anything like elaborate or extended 
discourse ; but I have certainly wished — instead of mere topics of con- 
gratulation ; or instead of diffusing myself exclusively on the easy and 
obvious commonplaces of the utility of knowledge, and the beauty of 
virtue ; or instead of the mere indulgence of those trains of memory 
and sensibility, to which the spectacle of old friends, and of the chil- 
dren and grandchildren of other friends, " whom my dim eyes in vain 
explore," almost irrepressiv.ely impels me — instead of this, to submit a 
practical suggestion or two in regard to the true model of turning the 
Lyceum to its utmost account ; and then in regard to the motives you 
are under to do so. These suggestions I make diffidently ; and there- 
fore I would not make them at all, but from the conviction that in your 
hands they may come to assume some little value. 

I take it for granted that the declared wishes of Mr. Peabody will be 
considered as determining, quite peremptorily, the general mode of 
administering this fund. Better educational instrumentalities, indeed, 
no man's wisdom, in the circumstances, could have devised. Courses 
of lectures, then, and a library of good books, these are to form the 
means of the Lyceum ; and the problem is, in what way you can make 
the most of them. 

It may seem a little exaggerated at its first statement, and perhaps 
alarming, but it will serve at least to introduce my more particular ideas, 
to say that the true view for you to take of this large provision of men- 
tal means, and of your relations to it, is to regard yourselves as having 
become by its bestowment permanently the members of an institution 
which undertakes to teach you by lectures and a library. Herein exactly 
is the peculiarity of your new privilege. You are no longer, as here- 
tofore it has been with you, — merely to be indulged the oppoi'tunity of a 
few evenings in a year to listen, for the amusement of it, to half a dozen 



171 

discourses of as many different speakers, on as many totally disconnected 
topics, treated possibly for ostentation, and adapted only to entertain — 
but however treated, and whatever fit for, totally forgotten in an hour ; 
preceded, followed up, and assisted by no preparation and no effort of 
the hearer ; giving no direction whatever to his thoughts or readings ; 
separated from each other, even while the Lyceum season lasts, by a 
week of labor, devoted even in its leisure moments to trains of thought 
or snatches of reading wholly unauxiliar and irrelative — and for nine 
months or ten months of the year totally discontinued. Thanks to this 
munificence you are come to the fruition of far other opportunities. 
An institution of learning in the justest sense of the term is provided 
for you. Lectures are to be delivered for you through a far larger por- 
tion of the year ; a library, which will assuredly swell to thousands of 
volumes, is to be accumulated under your eye, from which you may 
derive the means of accompanying any lecturer on any subject from 
evening to evening ; and this system of provision is permanent — hence- 
forth part and parcel, through its corporate existence, of the civil identity 
and privilege of Dan vers. You enter therefore, to-day — you may enter 
— a new and important school ; as durably such, as truly such — having 
regard to differences of circumstantial details, — as the seminary at 
Andover ; or the Law School at Cambridge ; or the College of Medicine 
at Philadelphia — all of them schools too, and all teaching by lectures 
and a library. 

Setting out with this idea, let me say a word on the Lectures of this 
school, — what they should be, and how they should be heard, assisted, 
and turned to account by those who hear them. And I submit to the 
trustees of the charity to reject, whether a succession of such discourses 
as I have indicated, on disconnected topics, by different speakers — how- 
ever brilliant and able the individual performer may be — will in the long 
run yield the good, or any approximation to the good, which would be 
derived from courses of lectures more or less extended, like the Lowell 
lectures of Boston, each by a single person, devoted to the more exact 
and thorough treatment of a single important subject. 

Consider that the diffusion of knowledge among you, is the aim of the 
founder. The imparting of knowledge is the task which he sets his 
lecturer to do ; and of knowledge in any proper sense — knowledge 
within the legal meaning of this charity — how much can he impart who 
comes once in a year — once in a life time, perhaps — before his audience, 
a stranger ; addresses it an hour and goes his way ? He can teach 
little if he tries ; and the chances are infinite, that to teach that little he 



172 

will not try. The temptations and the tendencies of that system of 
exhibition are irresistible to make him despair of conveying knowledge, 
and devote himself to producing effect; to select some topic mainly of 
emotional or imaginative capability ; and even then to sacrifice the 
beauty which is in truth, to the counterfeit presentment which mocks it 
in glitter, exaggeration, ingenuity and intensity. If he would spend his 
hour in picking up and explaining a shell or pebble from the shore of 
the ocean of knowledge, it were something; but that seems unworthy 
of himself and of the expectations which await him ; and up he soars 
or down he sinks, to rhetoric or pathos ; and when his little part is best 
discharged, it is not much more than the lovely song of one who hath a 
pleasant voice, and can play well upon an instrument. 

I do not say that such lectures are hurtful. I do not deny them a cer- 
tain capacity of usefulness. I do not say they are not all which you 
should look for in our lyceums, as ordinarily they are constituted. They 
are all which, for the present, you will yourselves, perhaps, be able to pro- 
vide. But to an endowed and durable foundation like this, they are totally 
inapplicable. They would be no more nor less — after you shall be com- 
pletely organized — than a gross abuse of the charity, and violation of 
the will of the giver. It is not merely that they would teach no knowl- 
edge, and would not assume to do it, and that the nature and laws of 
that kind of composition, and the conditions of its existence, totally ex- 
clude such a function. It goes further than that. The relations be- 
tween teacher and pupil, under such a system, never exist at all. The 
audience never think of coming before the lecturer to have the truths 
of the last lecture retouched, and new ones deduced or added ; to have 
the difficulties of which they have been thinking since they heard him 
before, resolved ; to ask questions ; to be advised what authors to read, 
or what experiments to undertake on the subject he is illustrating. They 
carry no part of his sermon into the week with them ; and he never 
knows or asks whether they do or not. In the nature of things, this all 
must be so. It is of the essential conception of knowledge, as the 
founder here uses the word — knowledge as applicable to anything — that 
it includes many particulars of fact or idea, arranged by method — that 
is, arranged according to their true relations. 

Whatever it be on which knowledge is to be imparted — whether one 
of the phenomena of nature, as vegetable life ; or insensible motion ; 
or the periods of the stars ; or some great aspect of humanity — as the 
history of a renowned age or event, pregnant of a stupendous future ; 
or a marked man of the heroic and representative type ; or one of the 



173 

glorious productions of mind — as a constitution of free government, or 
a union of states into one nationality ; a great literature, or even a great 
poem — whatever it be, that which makes up the consummate knowledge 
of it is at once so much a unity and an infinity — it unfolds itself into 
so many particulars ; one deduced from another by series ever progres- 
sive ; one modifying another ; every one requiring to be known in order 
that any one may be exactly known — that if you mean to teach it by 
lectures at all, you must substitute a totally different system. It must 
he done ly courses continuously delivered, and frequently, hy the same 
•person, and having for their object to achieve the exact and exhaustive 
treatment of something — some science, some art, some age, some trans- 
action that changed the face of fortune and history — something worthy 
to be completely known. He whom you call to labor on this founda- 
tion must understand that it is knowledge which is demanded of him. 
He must assure himself that he is to have his full time to impart it. 
He must come to the work appreciating that he is not to be judged by 
the brilliancy or dullness of one passage, or one evening ; but that he 
must stand or fall by the mass and aggregate of his teachings. He is 
to feel that he is an instructor, not the player of a part on a stage ; that 
he is to teach truth, and not cut a rhetorical caper ; enthusiastic in the 
pursuit ; exact and veracious as a witness under oath in the announce- 
ment. I would have him able to say of the subject which he treats, 
what Cousin said of philosophy in the commencement of one of his 
celebrated courses — after a long interruption by the instability of the 
government of France : — " Devoted entirely to it — after having had the 
honor to suffer a little in its service, I come to consecrate to its illus- 
tration, unreservedly, all that remains to me of strength and of life." 
And now how are you to hear such courses of lectures .? Essentially 
by placing yourselves in the relation of pupils of the lecturei*. For 
the whole period of his course, let the subject he teaches compose the 
study of the hours, or fragments of hours, which you can give to study 
at all. You would read something, on some topic, every day, in all 
events. Let that reading, less or more, relate exclusively or mainly 
to the department of knowledge on which you go to hear him. If lie 
knows his buisness he will recommend all the best books pertaining to 
that department, and on these the first purchases for the library will be 
quite likely in part to be expended. Attend the instructions of his lips 
by the instruction of the printed treatise. In this way only can you, by 
any possibility, avail yourselves at once of all that books and teachers 
can do. In this way only can you make one cooperate with the other. 



174 

In this way only — in a larger view — can you rationally count on con- 
siderable and ever-increasing acquisitions of knowledge. Remember 
that your opportunities for such attainments in this school, after all, are 
to be few and brief. You and I are children of labor at last. The 
practical, importunate, ever-recurring duties of the calling to which 
we are assigned must have our best of life. What are your vacations, 
or mine, from work, for the still air of delightful studies ? They are 
only divers infinitely minute particles of time — half hours before the 
morning or midday meal is quite ready — days, now and then, not sick 
enough for the physician nor well enough for work — a rainy afternoon, 
the priceless evening, when the long task is done — these snatches and 
intersticial spaces — moments literal and fleet — these are all the chances 
that we can borrow or create for the luxury of learning. How difficult 
it is to arrest these moments — to aggregate them — to till them, as it were 
— to make them day by day extend our knowledge, refine our tastes, 
accomplish our whole culture, to scatter in them the seed that shall 
grow up, as Jeremy Taylor has said, "to crowns and sceptres" of a 
true wisdom — how difficult is this we all appreciate. To turn them to 
any profit at all, we must religiously methodise them. Desultory read- 
ing and desultory reverie are to be forever abandoned. A page in this 
book, and another in that — ten minutes thought or conversation on this 
subject, and the next ten on that — this strenuous and specious idleness 
is not the way by which our intervals of labor are to open to us the 
portals of the crystal palace of truth. Such reading, too, and such 
thinking are an indulgence by which the mind loses its power — by which 
curiosity becomes sated, ennui supervenes, and the love of learning 
itself is irrevocably lost. Therefore, I say, methodise your moments. 
Let your reading be systematic ever, so that every interval of rest shall 
have its book provided for it — and during the courses of your lectures, 
let those books treat the topics of the course. 

Let me illustrate my meaning. You are attending, I will say, a 
course on astronomy — consisting of two lectures in a week, for two 
months. Why should you not regard yourselves for these two months 
as students of astronomy, so far as you can study anything, or think of 
anything, outside of your business ; and why not determine to know 
nothing else ; but to know as much of that as you can, for all that time ? 
Consider what this would involve, and what it might accomplish. Sup- 
pose that you, by strenuous and persistent effort, hold that one subject 
fully in view for so inconsiderable a period ; that you do your utmost 
to turn your thoughts and conversation on it ; that you write out the 



175 

lecture, from notes or memory, as soon as it is given, and re-peruse 
and master it before you hear the next ; that you read, not on other 
parts of the science, but on the very parts he has arrived at and is dis- 
cussing ; that you devote an hour each evening to surveying the archi- 
tecture of the heavens for yourselves, seeking to learn, not merely to 
indulge a vague and wandering sort of curiosity ; or even a grand, but 
indistinct and general emotion, as if listening to imaginary music of 
spheres — but to aspire to the science of the stars ; to fix their names ; 
to group them in classes and constellations ; to trace their tics ; their 
reciprocal influence ; their courses everlasting — suppose that thus, and 
by voluntary and continuous exertion, you concentrate on one great 
subject, for so considerable a period, all the moments of time, and 
snatches of hasty reading, and opportunities of thought that otherwise 
would have wasted themselves everywhere, and gone off by insensible 
evaporation — do you not believe that it would tell decisively upon 
your mental culture and your positive attainments? Would not the 
effort of attention so prolonged and exclusive be a discipline itself ines- 
timable ? Would not the particulars of so much well-systematized 
reading and thought arrange themselves in your minds in the form of 
science — harder to forget than to remember — and might you not 
hope to begin to feel the delicious sensations implied in growing con- 
sciously in the knowledge of truth ? 

I have taken for granted in these thoughts on the best mode of ad- 
ministering the charity, that your own earnest purpose will be to turn 
it, by some mode, to its utmost account. The gratitude and alacrity 
with which you accepted the gift show quite well how you appreciate the 
claims of knowledge and the dignity of mental culture ; and what value 
you set upon this rare and remarkable appropriation to uses so lofty. 
I have no need, therefore, to exhort you to profit of these opportunities ; 
but there are one or two views on which I have formerly reflected 
somewhat, and which I will briefly lay before you. 

It is quite common to say, and much more common to think, 
without saying it aloud, that mental culture and learning, above the 
elements, may well claim a high place, as luxuries and indul- 
gence, and even a grand utility, for those whose condition allows 
them a life time for such luxury and such indulgence, and the ap- 
propriation of such a good ; but what for labor — properly so called 
— they can do little, even if labor could pause to acquire them. 
Not so has the founder of this charity reasoned ; nor so will you. He 
would say, and so do I, seek for mental power, and the utmost practi- 



176 

cable love and measure of knowledge, exactly because they will do so 
much for labor ; first to inform and direct its exertions ; secondly, to 
refine and adorn it, and disengage it from too absolute an immersion 
in matter, and bring it into relation to the region of ideas, and spirit- 
uality, and abstraction ; and, thirdly, to soothe its fatigues, and deceive 
its burthens, and compose its discontent. On each of these three uses 
of culture and learning, let me say a word in order. 

Consider, first how much they can do merely to inform, invigorate, 
and direct labor in its actual exertions. Take the matter on a large 
scale, somewhat. Take our whole New England. I need not tell you 
that labor, manual and literal, is the condition — I will not say of our 
greatness, but of our being. What were New England without it } 
Lying away up under the North Star; our winters long and cold; our 
spring trembling and capricious ; our sky ungenial ; our coast iron- 
bound ; our soil not over-productive, by aid of all our science, of the 
hardier and commoner grains and grasses ; barren, almost of the great 
staples of commerce which adorn and enrich the wheatfields of the 
central regions — the ocean prairies of the West — the rice grounds and 
sugar and cotton plantations of the South ; our area small ; our numbers 
few ; our earlier occupations of navigation and fishing divided with us 
by a whole world, until just now at peace — what is there for us but 
labor — lahor improhus omnia vincens — that dares all things and con- 
quers all things } What else — what but the vast and various industry 
of intellectual civilization, the whole family of robust and manly 
arts — afibrding occupation to everybody every moment of working 
time ; occupation to every taste and talent and faculty, that which it 
likes best, which it can do easiest, and which improves it most ; 
occupation for strong and weak, bright and dull, young and old, 
and both the sexes — that shall, with more than magnetic efficacy 
and certainty, seize, develop, discipline, and perfect every capacity, 
the whole diff"usive mass of ability, gathering up the fragments of mind 
and time, so that nothing be lost — what but this is it, by which we shall 
grow great in material greatness ; by which we shall vanquish the an- 
tagonistic powers of nature, and build the palace of a commodious and 
conspicuous national life over against those granite mountains and this 
unfruitful sea .? Is it not this which is to be to us in place of mines ; of 
pearls ; of vineyards ; of enameled prairies ; of wheat fields and the tea 
plant ; of rice grounds and sugar and cotton plantations dressed by the 
hands of slaves .? This is the transcendant power, without which we 
are poor, give what they will ; and with it rich, take what they may. 



177 

True is it, then, of all our power, eminence, and consideration — as 
of our existence, that the condition is labor. Our lot is labor. There 
is no reversal of the doom of man for us. But is that a reason why we 
should not aspire to the love and attainment of learning, and to the bet- 
tering of the mind ? For that very reason we should do so. Does not 
the industry of a people at last rest upon and embody the intellect of 
the people ? Is not its industry as its intellect ? Is not the highest 
practicable degree of mental culture and useful knowledge, really 
the best possible instrumentality for instructing, vivifying and guiding 
the rough power of labor ? Does it not supply the chemistry which 
teaches it to make rejoicing harvest ; how to fatten barren soils ; re- 
claim or spare exhausted soils ; preserve rich soils ; irrigate parched 
soils ; and make two blades of grass grow where one grew before ? 
Does it not teach it how to tunnel through mountains, or beneath beds 
of rivers, or under populous towns ; to bridge or fill the valley; to 
lav along and fasten in their places the long lines of iron roads, whicli- 
as mighty currents pour the whole vast inland into our lap for exchange' 
with all the gatherings of the sea? Does it not teach it how to plan its 
voyages, and make its purchases, so as most seasonably to meet the 
varying and sudden demand by the adequate supply ? Does it not 
teach it how to construct its tools, and how to use them ; how to improve- 
old and invent new ; by what shortest and simplest and cheapest process 
it can arrive at the largest results of production — how, generally, it can 
evoke to its aid the auxiliar forces of nature, and the contrivances of" 
years of trial and skill, and then and thus, take the impure ore from its 
bed, the fleece from the pelt, the skin from the animal frame, the cotton 
from the pod, and refine and transfigure them- into shapes of use and 
beauty and taste — the clothing, the dwellings,, the furniture of civiliza- 
tion — sought for in all the markets of the world ? Above all, does it 
not cooperate with those more direct precepts towards a right living,, 
which the founder of the charity expects and prescribes, in imparting 
that moral and prudential character, which is as needful and as service- 
able for thrift as for virtue — thoughtfulness, economy, self-estimation,, 
self-consciousness, sobriety, respect for others' rights, obedience to law, 
an elevated standard of life and mind ? 

Why, think how much is involved in a mere increased power of 
mind ! How vast an agency that is ! There is not an occupation of civ- 
ilized life — from the making of laws, and poems, achromatic telescopes 
and the machinery of cotton and woolen mills, down to the starting of 
a bad rock out of the highway — that is not done better by a bright maa 
12 



178 

than a dull man, not being above his business ; by a quick than a slow 
man ; by an instructed man than by a simple man ; by a prudent, 
thoughtful and careful man, than by a light, heedless and foolish one. 
Every one of the occupations — in other words the universal labor of 
civilization demands — is nothing in the world but a mental effort, putting 
forth a physical effort; and you but only go to the fountain-head, as 
you ought to do, when you seek by an improved culture and a better 
knowledge to give force and power to the imperial capacity behind, and 
set a thoughtful and prudent spirit to urge and guide it. You say, you 
see, that you bestow a new power on man, when you give him an im- 
proved machine. But do you not bestow a far more available gift, 
when you communicate to him an improvement of that mental and 
moral nature which invents, improves and uses — profitably or unprof- 
itably — all machines. In one case you give him a definite and limited 
amount of coined money ; in the other a mine of gold or silver from 
which treasuries may be replenished. Nay, what avails the improved 
tmaehine to the untaught mind ? Put a forty-feet telescope, with its 
imirror of four feet in diameter, into the hands of a savage, whether of 
(Civilized or barbarous life, and he sees about as much as our children 
see through a glass prism — gaudy outlines — purple, orange and green, 
■crossing and blending — on everything. Let the exercised reason of 
iHerachel lift that tube from the Cape of Good Hope into the southern 
^ty — and the architecture, not made with hands, burning with all its 
lanips of heaven, ascends before him — 

Glory beyond all glory ever seen 
By waking sense or by the dreaming soul ; 

firmaments of fixed stars ; of which 'all the stars in our heaven — all the 
stars our eye tdke^ in, form but one firmament — one constellation only 
of a universe of constellations — separated by unsounded abysses, yet 
holden together by invisible bands, and moving together perhaps about 
some centre, to which the unimprisoned soul may in some stage of be- 
ing ascend, but which earthly science shall vanish away without dis- 
cerning. 

Such in kind — not of course in degree — is the additional power 
you give to labor, by improving the intellectual and prudential charac- 
ter which informs and guides it. Let me bring a single piece of direct 
evidence on the point to your notice. 

A few years since, Mr. Mann, then Secretary of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Massachusetts, addressed a letter to several of the most intelli- 
gent superintendents or proprietors of manufacturing establishments at 



179 

Lowell, inquiring whether, in point of fact, they could discern any 
difference between the educated and uneducated operative ; between 
those whose intellect and heart had been subjected early to the appre- 
ciable influence of mental and moral culture and those who had not. 
Their answers enrich one of his reports, and they show, by precise 
statistical details, derived from a long course of personal observation, 
that throughout the whole range of mechanical industry, the well 
educated operative does more work, does it better, wastes less, uses his 
allotted portion of machinery to more advantage and more profit, earns 
more money, commands more confidence, rises faster, — rises higher, 
from the lower to the more advanced positions of his employment, than 
the uneducated operative. 

I say, then, forasmuch as we are children of labor, cultivate mental 
power. Pointing the friends of humanity, and of America, to this 
charity, I say to them, go and do likewise. Diffuse mental power. 
Give it to more than have it now. Give it in a higher degree. Give it 
in earlier life. Think how stupendous, yet how practicable it were to 
make, by an improved popular culture, the entire laborious masses of 
New England more ingenious, more inventive, more prudent than now 
they are. How much were effected — how much for power ; how 
much for enjoyment ; how much for a true glory — by this accession 
to the quality of its mind. It would show itself in half a century in 
every acre of her surface. In the time it would save ; in the strength 
it would impart ; in the waste it would prevent ; in the more sedulous 
husbandry of all the gifts of God ; in richer soils, created or opened ; 
in the great cooperating forces of nature — air, water, steam, fertility 
•: — yoked in completer obedience to the car of labor ; in the multiplicity 
of useful inventions — those unfailing exponents, as well as promoters 
of popular mental activity and reach ; in the aggregate of production, 
swelled, diversified, enriched ; in the refluent wave of wealth — sub- 
siding here and there in reservoirs, in lakes, in springs perennial, but 
spread, too, everywhere in rills and streamlets, and falling in the 
descent of dew and the dropping of the cloud — in these things you 
would see the peaceful triumphs of an improved mind. Nor in these 
alone, or chiefly. More beautiful far, and more precious, would they 
beam abroad in the elevation of the standard of comfortable life ; in 
the heightened sense of individual responsibility and respectability, and 
a completer individual development ; in happier homes ; in better 
appreciation of the sacredness of property, and the sovereignty of 
justice in the form of law ; in more time found and better prized, when 



180 

the tasks of the day were all well done, more time found and better 
prized for the higher necessities of the intellect and soul. 

I have not time to dwell now on the second reason, by which I 
suggested that labor should be persuaded to seek knowledge, though it 
would well deserve a fuller handling. You find that reason is the 
tendency of culture and learning to refine the loork-day life, and adorn 
it ; to disengage it from the contacts of matter, and elevate it to the 
sphere of ideas and abstraction and spirituality ; to withdraw, as Dr. 
Johnson has said, " to withdraw us from the power of our senses ; to 
make the past, the distant or the future predominate over the present, 
and thus to advance us in the dignity of thinking beings." Surely we 
need not add a self-inflicted curse to that which punished the fall. To 
earn our bread in the sweat of our brow is ordained to us certainly ; 
but not, therefore, to forget in whose image we were made, nor to 
suffer all beams of the original brightness to go out. Who has doomed 
us, or any of us, to labor so exclusive and austere, that only half, the 
lower half, of our nature can survive it } The unrest of avarice, or am- 
bition, or vanity, may do it ; but no necessity of our being, and no 
appointment of its author. Shall we, of our own election, abase our- 
selves } Do you feel that the mere tasks of daily labor ever employ the 
whole man } Have you not a conscious nature, other and beside that 
which tills the earth ; drives the plane ; squares the stone ; creates 
the fabric of art, — a nature intellectual ; spiritual ; moral ; capacious of 
science, capacious of truth beyond the sphei*e of sense, with large 
discourse of reason — looking before and after, and taking hold on that 
within the veil ? 

What forbids that this nature shall have its daily bread also day by 
day .' What forbids that it have time to nourish its sympathy with all 
kindred human blood, by studying the grand facts of universal history ; 
to learn to look beyond the chaotic flux and reflux of mere appearances, 
which are the outside of the world around it, into their scientific rela- 
tions and essential quality ; to soar from effects to causes, and through 
causes to the first ; to begin to recognize and to love, here and now, in 
waning moon or star of evening, or song of solemn bird, or fall of 
water, or " self-born carol of infancy," or transcendent landscape, or 
glorious self-sacrifice — to begin to recognize and love in these, that 
beauty here which shall be its dwelling place and its vesture in the life 
to come ; to accustom itself to discern in all vicissitudes of things — the 
changed and falling leaf; the golden harvest, the angry sigh of Novem- 



181 

ber's wind, the storm of snow, the temporary death of nature, the 
opening of the chambers of the South, and the unresting round of 
seasons — to discern not merely the sublime circle of eternal change, 
but the unfailing law — flowing from the infinite mind — and the 
" varied God " — filling and moving, and in all things, yet personal and 
apart ? What forbids it to cultivate and confirm 

The glorious habit by which sense is made 
Subservient still to moral purposes, 
Auxiliar to divine ? 

What forbids that it grow 

Accustomed to desires that feed 

On fruitage gathered from the Tree of Life 1 

I do not say that every man, even in a condition of competence, can 
exemplify this nobler culture and this rarer knowledge. But I will say 
that the exactions of labor do not hinder it. Recall a familiar, though 
splendid and remarkable instance or two. 

Burns reaped as much and as well as the duller companion by his 
side, and meantime was conceiving an immortal song of Scotland ; 
and Hugh Miller was just as painstaking a stone mason and as good 
a workman as if he had not so husbanded his spare half hours and 
moments as to become, while an apprentice and journeyman, a 
profound geologist and master of a clear and charming English style. 
But how much more a man was the poet and the geologist ; how far 
fuller the consciousness of being ; how much larger the daily draft of 
that admiration, hope and love, which are the life and voice of souls ! 

I come to add the final reason why the working man — by whom I 
mean the whole brotherhood of industry^ should set on mental culture 
and that knowledge which is wisdom a value so high — only not 
supreme — subordinate alone to the exercises and hopes of religion 
itself. And that is, that therein he shall so surely fold rest from labor ; 
succor under its burdens ; forgetfulness of its cares, composure in its 
annoyances. It is not always that the busy day is followed by the 
peaceful night. It is not always that fatigue wins sleep. Often some 
vexation outside of the toil that has exhausted the frame ; some loss in 
a bargain ; some loss by an insolvency ; some unforeseen rise or fall 
of prices ; some triumph of a mean or fradulent competitor ; " the 
law's delay, the proud man's contumely, the insolence of office, or 
some one of the spurns that patient merit from the unworthy takes" — 
some self-reproach perhaps — follow you within the door ; chill the 



182 

fireside ; sow the pillow with thorns ; and the dai"k care is last in the 
last waking thought, and haunts the vivid dream. Happy, then, is he 
who has laid up in youth, and held fast in all fortune, a genuine and 
passionate love of reading. True balm of hurt minds ; of surer and 
more healthful charm than " poppy or mandragora, or all the drowsy 
syrups of the world " — by that single taste ; by that single capacity, 
he may bound in a moment into the still region of delightful studies, 
and be at rest. He recalls the annoyance that pursues him ; reflects 
that he has done all that might become a man to avoid or bear it ; he 
indulges in one good long human sigh — picks up the volume where 
the mark kept his place — and in about the same time that it takes the 
Mahometan in the Spectator to put his head in the bucket of water, and 
raise it out, he finds himself exploring the arrow-marked ruins of 
Nineveh with Layard ; or worshipping at the spring head of the stu- 
pendous' Missouri, with Clark and Lewis ; or watching with Columbus 
for the sublime moment of the rising of the curtain from before the 
great mystery of the sea ; or looking reverentially on while Socrates — 
the discourse of immortality ended — refuses the offer of escape, and 
takes in his hand the poison to die in obedience to the unrighteous 
sentence of the law ; or, perhaps, it is in the contemplation of some 
vast spectacle or phenomenon of nature that he has found his quick 
peace — the renewed exploration of one of her great laws — or some 
glimpse opened by the pencil of St. Pierre, or Humboldt, or Chateau- 
briand, or Wilson, of the "blessedness and glory of her own deep, 
calm and mighty existence." 

Let the case of a busy lawyer testify to the priceless value of the 
love of reading. He comes home, his temples throbbing, his nerves 
shattered, from a trial of a week ; surprised and alarmed by the charge 
of the judge, and pale with anxiety about the verdict of the next morning, 
not at all satisfied with what he has done himself, though he does not 
yet see how he could have improved it ; recalling with dread and self- 
disparagement, if not with envy, the brilliant effort of his antagonist, 
and tormenting himself with the vain wish that he could have replied 
to it — and altogether a very miserable subject, and in as unfavorable a 
condition to accept comfort from wife and children as poor Christian in 
the first three pages of the Pilgrim's Progress. With a superhuman 
effort he opens his book, and in the twinkling of an eye he is looking 
into the full " orb of Homeric or Miltonic song," or he stands in the 
crowd breathless, yet swayed as forests or the sea by winds — hearing 
and to judge the Pleadings for the Crown ; or the philosophy which 



183 

soothed Cicero or Boethius in their afflictions, in exile, prison, and 
the contemplation of death, breathes over his petty cares like the sweet 
south ; or Pope or Horace laugh him into good humor, or he walks 
with iEneas and the Sybil in the mild light of the world of the laurelled 
dead — and the court-house is as completely forgotten as the dream of 
a pre-adamite life. Well may he prize that endeared charm, so 
effectual and safe, without which the brain had long ago been chilled 
by paralysis, or set on fire of insanity ! 

To these uses, and these enjoyments ; to mental culture and know- 
ledge and morality — the guide, the grace, the solace of labor on all 
his fields, we dedicate this charity ! May it bless you in all your 
successions ; and may the admirable giver survive to see that the debt 
which he recognizes to the future is completely discharged ; survive to 
enjoy in the gratitude, and love, and honorof this generation, the honor, 
and love, and gratitude with which the latest will assuredly cherish his 
name, and partake and transmit his benefaction. 

The choir, with the addition of Miss Willey, then sang an Anthem, 
" The Lord will comfort Zion," from Von Weber's Mass, in a style 
which charmed all listeners, and commanded loud applause. 

Several other speakers were then called upon, first of whom was 
Hon. George S. Hillard, of Boston. 

MR. HILLARD'S REMARKS. 

Mr. Hillard said he had always thought the people of Danvers were 
a hospitable people, but he asked if it was a fair way of dealing with a 
fellow-creature to call upon him to follow Mr. Choate. Now that he 
was up, however, he would offer a few remarks. He felt a lively interest 
in this noble charity, and it had his best wishes. He believed it would 
prove a fountain of good influences, which would bless the whole bound- 
less continent from the snows of Maine to the sunny plains of Georgia. 
He had a brief word of advice to offer in regard to the future manage- 
ment of the Institution, and referred to a series of practical lectures 
delivered by Professor Agassiz, on the geology of Nahant, and spoke 
of a visit to his workshop there on that rocky peninsula, (which seemed 
like a clinched and gauntleted hand thrown out in defiance), as exhibit- 
ing to him the poetry of the sea, and the truth of the sea which was 
higher than its poetry. He urged upon the young the importance of 
cultivating truth, and concluded a very eloquent speech amidst the 
plaudits of the audience. 



184 



JUDGE WHITE'S REMARKS. 

Judge White, of Salem, was next called upon. He had been 
acquainted with the people of Danvers for more than 50 years — from 
the days of Holtcn and Wadsworth — and he testified to their virtues, 
and expressed his gratification that one son of Danvers had done for 
her what she so well deserved. He had been shown a document which 
proved that an institution called the " Union Library " was started 60 
years ago, whose objects were precisely similar to those so fully met 
by this institution. He thought it possible that the spirit which led to 
that association had eventually found an exponent in Mr. Peabody, and 
enlarged upon the important lesson which Mr. Peabody had given to 
the elder portion of the community on the use of wealth. He believed 
that the good resulting from this benefaction would lead to the estab- 
lishment of similar institutions in other towns, and that men of wealth 
would learn that true wisdom consists in philanthropy. In conclusion 
he gave as a sentiment : 

The Peabody Institute — So honorable to the people of Danvers — May they manage 
and cherish it in the noble spirit of its founder, and in all their prosperity may they 
remember that the best use of wealth consists in promoting the highest welfare of 
man. 

Hon. Asahel Huntington was called upon, as an ex-mayor of Salem, 
and responded as follows : — 

MR. HUNTINGTON'S REMARKS. 

Mr. President : — 

This call upon the ex-mayors of Salem has taken me altogether by 
surprise, and I would gladly defer to my friend and immediate prede- 
cessor ; but, as he is an exceedingly modest gentleman, and shakes his 
head, I will say a word or two in answer to your invitation. I regret 
that the present head of our government is not here, to speak with 
authority for our city, and to express the congratulations of our people 
•on the event which marks the proceedings of this day. I am sure that 
imperative engagements only would have prevented his attendance 
here in person, to express, not only his own interest in this occasion, 
but that of the city government, and of our citizens generally. We 
are your friends and neighbors. In the olden times you were of us. 
For successive generations you had part and lot with us in the old town 
of Salem, sharing with us in the same organization and municipal 
administration and privileges. While you were with us, and of us, we 



185 

had nothing to complain of in your conduct, except that little episode 
in " Salem Village " which occurred about 1692. But that matter was 
satisfactorily adjusted, and we parted good friends over a hundred 
years ago, and we have remained on the best of terms ever since, 
always rejoicing, on our part, in whatever has tended to your advance- 
ment and prosperity. Well may we, therefore, of the same ancient 
household, be here to-day to congratulate you on the inauguration of 
the " Peabody Institute," which is to be, — and which will deserve to 
be, — in all future time, one of your most cherished and useful institu- 
tions. It will constitute an epoch in your history. If you or your sons 
get up many more such institutions among you, I do not know, if you 
will not come to us by re-annexation ; that Salem will not seek to be 
annexed to Danvers, upon the promise, however, on your part, that you 
shall not revive any of those old practices of 1692. 

This idea of Mr. Peabody, of prompt payment, is a most excellent 
one ; and most nobly has he illustrated his sentiment, " Education, — a 
debt due from present to future generations." He has opened in your 
midst, in these beautiful halls, the fountains of knowledge and instruc- 
tion, and, by his munificent endowments, has so fortified and guarded 
them, that they are to be kept open for all the future generations of this 
people ; giving, always, improvement, culture, expansion, enlarge- 
ment, and the stature of perfect man. We see in this endowment an 
illustration of the true uses of wealth, and an example to be held in 
especial honor and remembrance here, and in this land of free govern- 
ment and free institutions, for their foundations must ever rest on the 
virtue and intelligence of the people ; and whoever does the most in 
laying such foundations is the truest benefactor of his age and race. 
Especial honor, therefore, be to the founder of this Institute, who has, 
with such true and judicious liberality, performed his part in actually 
paying the debt to the " future generations." Let other trustees of the 
wealth of this world emulate so noble an example, and thus make the 
world better by their having lived in it. 

The exercises throughout were of a highly interesting character, 
affording an intellectual entertainment such as is rarely offered in any 
community. A large number of distinguished strangers honored the 
occasion by their presence, and among those invited who were unable 
to attend was His Excellency Governor Washburn, who expressed his 
regret in the following letter : — 



186 

Worcester, Sept. 27, 1854. 

Dear Sir, — Your polite invitation to attend the dedication of the Pea- 
body Institute, on the 29th, is just received. 

I hasten to acknowledge the honor of the invitation, and to express 
my regret that the lateness of the hour vv^ill prevent my being able to 
arrange my engagements so as to be present. 

I regret this the more that, in addition to the rich entertainment 
promised on the occasion to the lovers of true eloquence, I lose the 
opportunity of expressing by my presence the high respect I entertain 
for the founder of the Institute for his noble and generous qualities of 
mind and heart. In this I do but share the feeling vv^hich every Ameri- 
can entertains who has been fortunate enough to witness abroad his 
uniform kindness and cordiality towards his countrymen. 

Danvers may well be proud of such a son, who, in the brilliancy of 
his success, is still true to his early associations and the memory of the 
spot of his birth. 

He needs, however, no eulogy at my hand ; and my regret is, that I 
cpuld not silently indicate my respect by my presence, while I had the 
pleasure of meeting the friends at Danvers who will be present on that 
occasion, and, among them, yourself. 

I am, very respectfully, your ob't serv't, 

Emory Washburn. 

R. S. Daniels, Esq. 



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187 



LYCEUM AND LIBRARY. 



After the dedication of the building to its appropriate uses, measures 
were immediately adopted to procure a Course of Lectures, and to 
open the Library to the use of the citizens of the town. Indeed, con- 
siderable progress had already been made by the Committee having 
charge of these duties, by correspondence with lecturers, and by pur- 
chasing and preparing books, to open the Institute to the public. 

It was not until late in November that the sub-committee having 
charge of the Lectures were enabled to open the hall for the delivery 
of the Introductory Lecture. They were fortunate in obtaining the 
services of Hon. George S. Hillard, of Boston, to open the first 
course, whose high reputation for eloquent scholarship and graceful 
elocution was well sustained in this performance. The discourse was 
prepared especially for the occasion, and was replete with sound views 
and wise suggestions in relation to the ends to be sought in conducting 
an institution such as was then going into practical operation. The 
hall on this occasion was crowded to its utmost capacity, a large num- 
ber not being able to find seats, or even standing-room, and many went 
away for lack of accommodation. 

The lecturer was introduced to the audience by Hon. A. A. Abbott, 
Chairman of the Lyceum Committee, with some brief and well-timed 
remarks, eloquently delivered, and appropriate to the occasion. 

By the attention of Mr. George F. Osborne, Secretary of the Com- 
mittee, we are enabled to give a list of the lecturers who have appeared 
before the Lyceum, and their subjects : — 

FIRST COURSE OF LECTURES, FOR 1854-55. 

First — Introductory Lecture, by Hon. George S. Hillard, of Bos- 
ton, on Tuesday evening, Nov. 29, 1854. After the Lecture, a Poem, 
written for the occasion by a native of the town, was read by Thomas 
B. Hinkley, Esq. 

Second Lecture — Wednesday evening, Dec. 6, by Daniel N. Has- 



188 

KELL, Esq., of Boston. Subject, " The Early Political Parties of the 
United States." 

Third Lecture — Tuesday evening, Dec. 12, by Rev. Theodore 
Parker, of Boston. Subject, " The Anglo-Saxon Race." 

Fourth Lecture — Tuesday evening, Dec. 19, by Rev. Prof. Thomas 
P. Field, of Amherst College. Subject, " Oratory." 

Fifth Lecture — Tuesday evening, Dec. 26, by Rev. Dr. E. S. Gan- 
nett, of Boston. Subject, " Manners." 

Sixth Lecture — Tuesday evening, Jan. 2, 1855, by Rev. Lyman 
Whiting, of Reading. Subject, " Reading." 

Seventh Lecture — Tuesday evening, Jan. 9, by E. P. Whipple, 
Esq., of Boston. Subject, " Cheerfulness." 

Eighth Lecture — Wednesday evening, Jan. 17, by Rev. Prof. R. D. 
Hitchcock, of Bovvdoin College. Subject, " Work, and Man's Rela- 
tion to it." 

Ninth Lecture — Tuesday evening, Jan. 23, by R. W. Emerson, 
Esq., of Concord. Subject, " English Civilization." 

Tenth Lecture — Tuesday evening, Jan. 30, by Rev. A. A. Miner, 
of Boston. Subject, " The Young American." 

Eleventh Lecture — Tuesday evening, Feb. 6, by Rev. T. Starr 
King, of Boston. Subject, " Laws of Disorder." 

Twelfth Lecture — Tuesday, Feb. 13, by Dr. R. Solger, of Boston. 
Subject, " The Eastern Question." 

Thirteenth Lecture — Tuesday, Feb. 20, by the same, on the same 
subject. 

Fourteenth Lecture — Tuesday, Feb. 27, by thcisame, on the same 
subject. 

Fifteenth Lecture — Tuesday, March 6, by the same, on the same 
subject. 

Sixteenth Lecture — Tuesday, March 13, by Hon. Josiah Quincy, 
Jr., of Boston. Subject, " The Mormons." 



189 

Seventeenth Lecture — Tuesday, March 19, by Rev. A. L. Stone, of 
Boston. Subject, " The Point of Observation." 

Eighteenth Lecture — March 27, by Richard H. Dana, Jr., of Bos- 
ton. Subject, " Edmund Burke." 



SECOND COURSE OF LECTURES, FOR 1855-56. 

First Lecture — Dec. 4, 1855, by Hon. Charles W. Upham, of 
Salem. Subject, " The Philosophy of Government.'" 

Second Lecture — Dec. 12, by Dr. R. Solger, of Boston. Subject, 
" The Anglo-Saxon Woman and her Home." 

Third Lecture — Dec. 18, by J. G. Hoyt, Esq., of Exeter, N. H. 
Subject, " Modern Fallacies." 

Fourth Lecture — Dec. 25, by Rev. George W. Briggs, D.D., of 
Salem. Subject, " The New England Fathers." 

Fifth Lecture — Jan. 1, 1856, by Dr. R. Solger, of Boston. Sub- 
ject, " Sevastopol." 

• Sixth Lecture — Jan. 8, by Rev. Charles H. Wheeler, of South 
Danvers. Subject, " Venice." 

Seventh Lecture — Jan. 15, by Rev. Prof. F. D. Huntington, of 
Harvard University. Subject, " Work and Study." 

Eighth Lecture — Jan. 22, by Dr. O. W. Holmes, of Boston, Sub- 
ject, " The Americanized European." 

Ninth Lecture — Jan. 28, by Rev. RuFUS W. Clark, of Boston. Sub- 
ject, " Russia." 

Tenth Lecture — Feb. 5, by Rev. Theodore Parker, of Boston. 
Subject, " The False and True Idea of a Gentleman." 

Eleventh Lecture — Feb. 26, by Ralph W. Emerson, Esq., of Con- 
cord. Subject, " Beauty." 

Twelfth and Closing Lecture — March 11, by Rev. T. Starr King, 
of Boston. Subject, " Sight and Insight." 



190 

The Third Annual Course, for 1856-57, was opened on Thursday 
evening, Dec. 4, 1856, by a Lecture from Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr., of 
Boston, on " Our Obligations to France." It was expected that Mr. 
Peabody would have been present at the opening of the Lyceum for 
the present season ; but he was prevented from coming by a slight 
indisposition, and the severity of the weather, which rendered it impru- 
dent for him to leave his home at Georgetown, where he resides with 
his sister, Mrs. J. P. Russell. 

It became widely known among our citizens that Mr. Peabody fully 
intended to be present, and great disappointment was felt at his un- 
avoidable absence. A very large audience had assembled, many of 
them with the expectation of once more seeing Mr. Peabody. Mr. 
Quincy, in introducing his subject, alluded to the disappointment of the 
evening in some appropriate remarks, and spoke nearly as follows : — 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — 

I cannot open this course of popular lectures without alluding to 
the veiy pleasant and auspicious event that has occurred since the con- 
clusion of the last. Some forty years ago, a youth left this village to 
seek his fortune in a distant State, and ultimately in a foreign land. 
Integrity, sagacity, and energy, Ynarked his career, and his name 
became known in the metropolis of the world as the Great American 
Banker. He exercised the vast power and influence that this position 
conferred upon him for the honor and advantage of his country. His 
wealth and courage saved the credit of his adopted State of Maryland ; 
and his princely hospitality was the means, not only of giving tempo- 
rary pleasure to the hosts of Americans who visited London, but had 
the effect of drawing closer the bonds which, we trust, will forever unite 
the two great branches of the Anglo-Saxon family. 

It is wisely ordered that the earliest impressions are always the most 

lasting ; 

Dear is the school-boy spot 

We ne'er forget, tho' there we are forgot ; 

and in the rush of business, and under the pressure of responsibilities, 
he looked back to the quiet and peaceful village of his birth, and had 
the natural desire of being known and remembered there. 

With his usual sagacity, he chose the most fitting time and the most 
appropriate manner of ensuring this end. On the great centennial 
anniversary of the settlement of the town — a day dedicated to the com- 
memoration of the fathers — he founded an institution to aid in trans- 



191 

mitting their intelligence and virtues to their sons. He did not wait 
until his wealth fell from his relaxing grasp, but wisely became his own 
e.tecutor, and had the pleasure of seeing it appropriated in the manner 
he desired. 

I need not tell you that he who left this town a youth, has, since your 
last meeting in this noble lecture-room, — the gift of his munificence, — 
returned, to witness the completion of his plans, and receive the grate- 
ful testimony of the affection and remembrance of his townsmen. 

Our friend will soon leave us, to resume the place he so nobly occu- 
pies among the merchant princes of the world. We can assure him 
that he will never be forgotten, — that those who have seen him here 
will rehearse the event of his presence to their children's children, and 
that, for centuries, among the proudest recollections of the old town of 
South Danvers will be, that it was the birth-place of Geokge Peabody. 

It is proposed by the Lyceum Committee of the present year to adopt 
the recommendation of Mr. Choate, in his excellent address at the dedi- 
cation of the Institute, so far as to have one or more courses of lectures 
on some single subject from the same person, instead of the usual plan 
of a series of lectures by different persons on widely different themes. 
It is possible, however, that, if space intervenes between the courses 
thus provided, some lectures of a miscellaneous character may be 
delivered. 



THE LIBRARY. 

It has been before remarked, that the attention of the government of 
the Institute was early directed to the procuring and preparation of the 
Library. This was a work of no inconsiderable amount of labor and 
attention. As soon as the books could be examined, catalogued, cov- 
ered, and numbered, they were placed upon the shelves, and the 
Library-Room thrown open to the public. This was effected on the 
18th of October, 1854. Great eagerness was shown on the part of the 
citizens to avail themselves of this portion of the boon bestowed on 
the town, and a large number immediately complied with the regula- 
tions adopted for the government of the Library. The following are 
the regulations established by the Committee, and which still exist with 
but very slight change : — 



192 



RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE PEABODY LIBRARY. 

ARTICLE FIRST. 

The Library shall be open for the delivery of books on every Wed- 
nesday, from three to eight o'clock, p.m., and on every Saturday, from 
two to eight o'clock, p.m., except during the fortnight immediately pre- 
ceding the Annual Examination of the Library. 

ARTICLE SECOND. 

All persons liereinafter specified, who shall sign an obligation to 
observe all the existing Rules and Regulations of the Library, and all 
that may be subsequently prescribed by due authority, shall have free 
right to take books from the Library, so long as they comply strictly 
with all its Regulations, viz. : — 

First. — All members of the Board of Reference, which shall consist 
of the following persons, viz. : the Trustees of the Peabody Institute ; 
the Lyceum and Library Committee ; the Selectmen, Clerk, Treasurer, 
and Overseers of the Poor, of the town ; the School Committee, and 
the Pi'udential Committees of the several School Districts ; all Ministers 
of the Gospel regularly officiating in the town, and the Teachers of the 
High Schools. 

Second. — Every inhabitant of the town over twenty-one years of 
age who shall be recommended by any member of the Board of Ref- 
erence as a suitable person to enjoy the privileges of the Library. 

Printed certificates of the form of recommendation required will be 
furnished by the Librarian. 

Third. — All persons between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one 
years who shall be certified as above, and who shall also produce a 
certificate, signed by his or her parent, guardian, or other responsible 
person, that the person so signing said certificate will become respon- 
sible for said minor's observance of the Rules of the Library, and for 
any loss or damage to the books by said minor. 

Fourth. — Any inhabitant of the town not producing a certificate 
from the Board of Reference, but who shall deposit the full value of 
the volume called for, or of the set to which it belongs, as security for 
its safe return. 

Fifth. — Any person not an inhabitant of the town who shall be a 
benefactor to the Library to an amount not less than twenty-five 
dollars. 



193 



ARTICLE THIRD. 

Every person entitled to borrow books from the Library shall receive 
from the Librarian a printed card, on which the book asked for shall 
be designated by its catalogue number, in blanks left for the purpose -, 
and this card will be presented to the Librarian, or his Assistant, as the 
only mode of obtaining any book that may be wanted. If the book is 
not to be found, the card will be returned for the applicant to insert 
another number. 

ARTICLE FOURTH. 

No person shall be allowed more than one volume at any one time, 
and no book shall be kept out of the Library more than fourteen days. 
Nor shall the person returning a book be at liberty to retake the same 
until the next Library day. The fine for retention of any volume over 
the time above specified shall be five cents for every half week it is so 
retained. 

ARTICLE FIFTH. 

When any book, on account of its great popularity, is likely to be 
frequently called for, the time of its retention from the Library may 
be limited to a week or half week, the time of its retention being made 
conspicuous on its cover ; and if such book is retained beyond the 
specified time, the person so retaining it shall pay the same fine as is 
provided in Article Fourth. 

ARTICLE SIXTH. 

Any book retained two weeks beyond the time prescribed by these 
Regulations shall be sent for by the Librarian, and the expense incurred 
in obtaining it shall be paid by the person who has so retained it. 

ARTICLE SEVENTH. 

All injuries to books, beyond a reasonable wear, and all losses, shall 
be made good, to the satisfaction of the Library Committee, by the 
persons liable ; and any book not returned within one week after de- 
mand for it, made by the Librarian, shall be regarded as lost. 

ARTICLE EIGHTH. 

All books are required to be returned to the Library fourteen days 
before the Annual Examination in July, under penalty of a fine of One 
Dollar ; but seasonable public notice shall be given by the Librarian. 
13 



194 



AKTICLE NINTH. 



No person having a book from the Library shall lend it to any pcr- 
•fion not a member of the same household. 



ARTICLE TENTH. 



No person owing a fine or forfeiture shall irceive books from the 
Library until the same is paid. 



ARTICLE ELEVENTH. 

All persons visiting the Library Room will be required to demean 
themselves quietly, and no conversation will be allowed in the room. 

Any person abusing the privileges of the Library, by improper 9r 
offensive conduet, will be denied admission to the Library Room. 

ARTICLE TWELFTH. 

Persons entitled to the privileges of the Library may receive books 
for consultation while the room is open, and the Librarian shall enter 
all books thus withdrawn, and erase the entry when tl^.ey arc returned. 

If a person neglects to return any book to the Librarian, he shall pay 
the same fine that would be charged for a week's detention over the 
time prescribed by the Regulations. 

ARTICLE THIRTEENTH. 

Books of reference, and those deemed by the Committee unsuitable 
for general circulation, shall not be loaned, except by an order signed 
hy at least two of the Committee. 



The Library has now been in active operation about two years, and 
the number of books delivered to borrowers, estimating from actual 
results ascertained the first year, must have been more than 50,COO. 
'Many of the applicants are residents of the territory annexed to South 
Danvers from the city of Salem by act of the last legislature. These 
residents have thus secured to themselves the benefits of this institution, 
which was one great object they had in view in their petition for annex- 
ation. 

The books, by a regulation of the Library, were called in for the 



• r v:V 195 I 

annual examinatKJn fn Julyyand the result was fotind to be, that every 
book was rf..tiffrned ip the shelves. The same result was exhibited the 
previous 5'ettr, although at the time it was thought that throe volumes j 
••were missing ;;: biit it was aftervvards found that, by mistake, these , 



"'^ *. books, although catalogued, had hcyer been placed in the Librajy. We 
^' . catippt . but regeQ-d ihis fact as Vfe!j'y..^'emarkable and unprecedentetiviri . 
•■' i .j ;" the. history of similar institutions. Although this .result may in part be 

•■■■• . »j>vipg to strict,.rules rigidly .enforced, it is also a gratifying proof of the. 

" •** desire of ti*e 'people to presierve, as well as enjoy, the boonty of. thfcV , 



v.. B.ene factor. ItTs by this dare, as well as by the Gonsfarit "usei i^ 
I :'•• stores prepar^l. for their improyeineiit, that theyjcan best' evinpe;th4^ 
.* appreciation of the gHt. -1:''^' ' *', «' .'; . y'''-''T- 



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