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Full text of "Centennial history of Boston College"



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In^ihe ye(tr One Thousand Eight Hmidred and ISixty 'three . 

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CPtje C^aVttV granted to Boston Col- 
lege in 1863 is reproduced here from 
the original document in the possession 
of the College. The men whose names 
appear on the document— the first trus- 
tees and the officials who signed the act- 
constitute an interesting group. 

Father John McElroy, S.J., was born 
in Ulster, May 14, 1782. Came to the 
U. S. in 1803, entered the Society of 
Jesus as a lay Brother in the same year. 
Buyer and bookkeeper at Georgetown 
University. Assigned to higher studies 
because of exceptional ability, was or- 
dained priest in 1817. In Frederick, Md., 
he built the Church of St. John, later 
was chaplain in the army of Gen. Taylor 
during Mexican War. Came to Boston 
in 1847, built Boston College, High 
School and Church of the Immaculate 
Conception. Died at Frederick, Md., 
Sept. 12, 1877, aged ninety-five. 

Father Edward H. Welch, S.J. Born 
in Boston, May 20, 1822. Graduated 
from Boston Latin School and Harvard 
College (1840) . Studied at Heidelburg, 
where he was attracted to the Catholic 
Faith. Returning to Boston, was re- 
ceived into the Church by Bishop Fitz- 
patrick. Studied law at Harvard, theol- 
ogy in France. Admitted to the Society 
of Jesus in Rome, was ordained, then 
entered the novitiate at Frederick, Md., 
in 1851. Professor at Georgetown, Loyola 
College, Baltimore, Holy Cross, and 
Woodstock College, Md. Assistant at 
Church of Immaculate Conception, Bos- 
ton. Died at Georgetown, Dec. 2, 1904. 

Father John Bapst, S.J., was born in 
Fribourg, Switzerland, Dec. 7, 1815, 
studied at the Jesuit college there, en- 
tered the Society in 1835. Coming to 
the U. S. in 1848, he labored on the 
Indian missions in Maine, at Old Town, 
Eastport, Bangor and Ellsworth, where 
he was persecuted for the Faith, being 
tarred and feathered. Taught at Holy 
Cross College. Came to Boston in 1860; 
pastor of the Church, and first president 
of Boston College, 1863-69. Died in 
Maryland, Nov. 4, 1887. 

Father James Clark, S.J. Graduated 
from West Point in 1829. Attended semi- 
nary at Mt. St. Mary's College, Emmits- 
burg, Md.; entered the Society in 1844. 
Prefect, professor of mathematics and 
treasurer at Georgetown. President of 
Holy Cross, and of Gonzaga College, 
Wash. Died at Georgetown, Sept. 9, 1886. 
Continued on Back page 



Because fact is born of vision, 

Because Faith makes all things whole, 

We have prayed that our eyes be single 

And swerve not from the goal. 

Look! on the grass-clad hilltop. 

Where chestnut and maple blow. 

And the groping elm-trees yearn 

To the mother green below. 

Embodied in marble and granite, 

Throned on the lakes clear blue. 

Real as the sky and the sunshine. 

The Dream that we dared is come true. 

Timothy W. Coakley '84 





3 -3i 






Y' 











OF BOSTON COLLEGE 

PUBLISHED BY THE 1963 SUB TURRI 



Stuart B. Meisenzahl, 
Editor-in-Chief 



John R. Hurley, 

Art Editor 



A. Michael Hanna, 
Business Manager 




Typical street scene on Boston's 
Beacon Hill in the 1850's. 




The Park Street Church in the middle of the nineteenth century. 






^Ol^tOn eOllr^r is one hun 

dred years old. What was, little more than a cen- 
tury ago, only a dream, today is a magnificent 
reality, a vital testament to the visionaries who 
lifted her first stones. From these grew the 
Gothic towers and soaring spires that proclaim 
her fame, her glory, and her proud traditions. 
She sits on the Heights of Chestnut Hill, among 
stained glass and vaulted ceilings, gazing down 
on the city whose name she bears. Her carriage 
proclaims her the Alma Mater of 26,000 living 
men and women. She is proud, and justly so. 

Who raised up this spired hill, this towered 
city with its voice of deep throated bells? Who 
claims her laurels; who deserves the tributes 
given her? Is it McElroy who envisioned her; 
Gasson who gave that vision stone and steel; or 
any of those whose names are written large on 
her Gothic facades? On one hand, there is no 
answer to these questions, for Boston College 
is no single man's vision, no single man's efforts. 
She is the result of one hundred years of vision 
and effort, the by-product of the dreams and 
labor of nameless thousands. And if some have 
contributed more than others, no man's efforts 
tower above a throng where the heroic was com- 
monplace. On the other hand, it is equally true 
that no man has ever attended Boston College 
without leaving his mark on her. Behind the 



towering ramparts their spirit lives on, with 
each entering class their number swells, and one 
great voice cries out— Hail Alma Mater! 

In this the university's centennial year, hun- 
dreds o£ great and famous people have flocked 
to pay her homage. She has been praised and 
extolled by the highest ranking officials of 
Church and State, the educational world, and 
the performing arts. It is not only her magnifi- 
cent beauty to which they have paid tribute, but 
even more the Jesuit Fathers, the faculty, the 
students, and the alumni of Boston College. It 
is indeed just and proper that they do so, for 
these people are the university. The glory of 
every mother is her sons and these are the sons 
who have crowned their Alma Mater a thou- 
sandfold. They have made Boston College what 
it is at present and they shall make the Boston 
College of the future. 

In every sense of the word, the college is an 
idea and an ideal carried in the minds and 
hearts of its people. The 1963 Sub Turri, on 
this great occasion of the university's Centen- 
nial, congratulates all of you who carry the name 
Boston College in your minds and hearts. We 
humbly request that we be allowed to dedicate 
this volume, your history, to you who have lived 
it as the men of Boston, to you who sing out 
her proud refrain For Boston! 





SAINT IGNATIUS LOYOLA 
The Founder of the Society of Jesus 

Boston College, on this its Centennial Anniversary, is 
justly proud of her progress during the past hundred years. 
In this relatively brief span of time, Boston College has grown 
from a small local seminary to a vast university, including 
six separate schools on the undergraduate level, three graduate 
schools, and a professional school of law. This physical growth 
has been paralleled by a corresponding expansion of the 
curriculum and an increasing awareness of community re- 
sponsibility, both of which have contributed to a growing 
reputation for academic competence. 

At the same time, the university is full of hope for the 
future, basing its confidence on the continued influence of 
those forces which helped to bring it into existence. As one 
of twenty-eight Jesuit institutions of higher learning within 
the United States, Boston College shares the benefits of a 
tradition of education which extends back over four hundred 
years. According to its principles, as set forth in the Ratio 
Studiorum of St. Ignatius Loyola, the vision of what a uni- 
versity does begins with a clear perception of what man is— 
what constitutes his true human dignity and sets him apart 
from the rest of creation. The university recognizes that man 
is a knowing and choosing creature, that these are his greatest 
powers and his crowning glory. The development of these 
all-important faculties constitutes the goal to which the true 
university devotes all of its facilities and resources. Education, 
therefore, is not mere instruction; knowledge not an accumu- 
lation of any given body of facts. Learning is the instrument 
of education and not its end. The purpose of education is 
the cultural, mental, and moral development of man. 

With this philosophy of education as its cornerstone, the 
Jesuit college seeks to present to its students a curriculum 



which contains such disciplines as will create a questioning, 
analytical, and perceptive mind. This in itself, however, is 
not enough, for such a developed mind does not necessarily 
relate itself properly to its duties toward God and man. For 
this reason, the Ratio Studiorum also stipulates that the stu- 
dent receive training in religion and citizenship. Toward 
this end, there is a core curriculum of theology, philosophy, 
literature, and history, which has served to unify the univer- 
sity despite the increasing variety of programs available to 
students in the various schools. 

The history of the Jesuit Order in the United States pre- 
sents a long and adventurous record. The initial penetration 
of its missionaries and explorers is written on historical 
markers throughout the land. Today at Auriesville, New York, 
overlooking the Mohawk Valley, on the site of the martyrdom 
of two of their number, stands the Shrine of the North Ameri- 
can Martyrs, St. Isaac Jogues and his companions. One hun- 
dred and eighty years ago, the numbers of the Jesuits through- 
out the world were drastically cut down by their political 
suppression, which left isolated in the United States a small 
band of ex-Jesuits in the area around Maryland. Although 
these men recognized that there was a desperate need for a 
school in the vicinity, they hesitated to undertake such a 
bold venture out of fear that it might hinder the eventual 
restoration of the Society. John Carroll, the first bishop and 
Prefect Apostolic of the new republic, was especially interested 
in the development of such a school, since it was his re- 
sponsibility to provide priests to serve his see and, in his 
opinion, a school could provide students with the preliminary 
classical studies which they would need to enter a seminary. 
There was opposition to this plan on the part of many anti- 
Catholics, but Bishop Carroll prevailed, and on May 15, 1789, 
an appropriation was voted. The bishop invited the Jesuit 
Fathers to administer the school and they, responsive as ever 
to the call of duty, accepted despite their personal misgivings. 
There were many difficulties, not the least of which was that 
the Jesuits who made up the faculty had little or no experi- 
ence at teaching, other than their work on the missions. 
John Carroll sent constant pleadings to his associates in the 
Old Society in England for more experienced masters. They, 
however, agreed with many of the American Jesuits and were 
adamant against doing anything which might upset the plans 
for restoration. Most of these difficulties were finally resolved 
in 1806 when Fr. Graber, the General of the Order, gave 
Bishop Carroll permission to reestablish the Society in the 
United States. From this date Georgetown became a Jesuit 
College with the Rev. Robert Molyneux, S.J., as Rector. 

Gradually, the Jesuit Order began to advance up the At- 
lantic coast. In June of 1842 St. John's College, Fordham, was 
founded in the diocese of New York. Directed for the first 
two years by the local clergy, the school was turned over to 
the Jesuits by Bishop Hughes of New York, both in order 
to improve the quality of education at Fordham and to free 
his own clergy to meet the needs of his fast growing bishopric. 
A young Jesuit, Fr. McElroy, S.J., who was to play an impor- 
tant role in the founding of three colleges, was very influen- 
tial in bringing about this change of administration. He had 
given retreats to the native clergy and the kindly bishop had 
become a fast friend of his. It seems that Bishop Hughes had 
some doubts about the transaction because he stipulated that 
the Jesuits were to be French Canadians from St. Mary's 
College in Kentucky, in order that the Georgetown group 
might not take over and make Fordham subordinate to that 
college. In 1846 St. John's was sold and in that same year 
Frs. Murphy and Thebaud arrived in New York. After a 
year of preparation, the college was officially opened as a 
Jesuit educational institute. The faculty was mainly com- 



posed of French Jesuits from the New York and Canadian 
missions, which were independent of the Maryland Province, 
while most of the courses and textbooks were modeled on 
those which had already proved successful at Georgetown. 
Both schools were run according to the precepts of the Ratio 
Studiorurn and there was no substantial difference between 
them. 

Although it would be another two decades before a college 
would be established in Boston itself, the Jesuits' first con- 
tact with the city had come as early as 1650 in the person of 
the Canadian missionary, Gabriel Druillettes. Fr. Druillettes 
did not expect to be very well received in the predominately 
Puritan stronghold and was pleasantly surprised with the 
gracious welcome which Governor Bradford accorded him. 
Protestant missionary John Eliot did everything in his power 
to make the visiting Jesuit comfortable. It was not until 24 
years later, however, that another Jesuit, Fr. Pierron, came 
to Boston. While there, he met most of the Protestant clergy, 
with whom he left a very pleasant impression. 

In the early part of the nineteenth century, the Jesuits 
again visited the Massachusetts vicinity. The period between 
Fr. Pierron's visit and the next Jesuit encounter had been 
filled with marked anti-Catholic feeling in Boston; the few 
Catholics, who comprised only two per cent of the population, 
were tolerated at best. Their activities were limited to the 
bare minimum of public worship. The Puritan faction which 
had founded Boston had acted as most minorities do when 
they finally find themselves a majority— they imposed all the 
restrictions from which they had fled upon the minorities of 
their new settlement. Until 1780, when the state constitvuion 
of Massachusetts was drawn up, there were any number of 
legal penalties placed upon the Catholics of the population. 
These often included special tax rates and at one point the 
"Papists" were even forbidden domicile in Boston itself. After 
1780 most of the feeling against this group remained, but 
the only legal evidences of it were explicitly anti-Catholic 
clauses in the oaths of office. This barrier was finally re- 
moved in 1822 when the state constitution was amended. 

In the 1830's, political and economic conditions in Ger- 
many, Scotland, and Ireland started wave upon wave of 
immigrants on their long journey to the new republic. The 
inhabitants of the United States assimilated the first of the 
"foreigners" with relative ease, but they were hardly pre- 
pared for the tidal wave of people which broke upon them 
in the middle forties as a result of renewed political upheaval 
and devastating famine. The Great Famine struck Ireland in 
1845 and within two years over two and a half million of 
Erin's proudest sons fled the downfall of their beloved land. 
More than a hundred thousand of these impoverished Irish 
migrated to Boston where they received anything but a warm 
reception. The old line Protestant "natives" felt that all they 
stood for was in danger of being trampled by "those filthy 
immigrants." The Irish, of course, were of no help in break- 
ing down these barriers. They clung together in small ghet- 
tos, a situation which was further aggravated by their 
economic plight. Since the vast majority of the immigrants 
had not even the barest rudiments of education, there was 
an obvious and immediate need for some schools. As early 
as 1820, Bishop Cheverus of Boston recognized this fact and 
invited the Ursuline Sisters to set up a parochial school for 
girls. In 1826, the bishop decided that, because of urbaniza- 
tion, the site of the school near the old cathedral was fast 
becoming unsuitable for a convent school. He purchased some 
land in Charlestown and an enlarged school with facilities 
for boarders was constructed. Soon after that he founded 
another school for both boys and girls under the direction 
of Fr. Fitton, and by 1831 there were three parochial schools 
within the Boston See. 




Old South, the original Georgetown College building. Built in 
1791, it was demolished in 1905 for Ryan Hall. 



Statue of Archbishop John Carroll, founder of Georgetown, with 
the tower of the Healy building in the background. 




An event took place in 1834 which put the Protestant view 
of the new Catholic migrations into perspective. A mob of 
violent bigots marched on the Ursuline convent school with 
claims that it was being used as a dungeon for recalcitrant 
nuns. The attack took place during the night and the sisters 
were forced to flee into the dark, which was soon echoing 
with the crackling inferno that was once their home. Fire- 
men who rushed to the scene found themselves confronting 
an armed mob which turned back their attempts to save 
the structure. In 1837 Fr. Fitton left his day school and 
established the Seminary of Mt. St. James in Worcester to 
meet the pressing need for clergy which the Irish influx was 
causing. The task was too much for him and in 1842 he talked 
with the new Bishop Fenwick about selling the school. There 
appeared in Boston about that time Fr. John McElroy, S.J., 
who was called upon by the bishop to give a retreat to the 
diocesan clerics. Bishop Fenwick was so impressed by Fr. 
McElroy that when Mt. St. James was sold to the diocese in 
1843, he immediately entrusted the administration of the 
new Holy Cross College to the Jesuit Order. Holy Cross was 
apparently only a moderate success in those days, due to its 
distance from the main body of the Catholic population and 
its high tuition rates. 

There still remained a very urgent need for parochial 
schools in Boston. The situation became even more critical 
with the advent of Horace Mann's drive to oust all denomi- 
national religion from the Massachusetts school system. The 



The Fordham University Chapel facing on the Queen's Court 

dormitory area. 





The Administration Building of Fordham University, formerly the 
Rose Hill Manor House, built in 1838. 



net result of Mann's work was to dilute all religious influ- 
ences except for the strong Puritan strain which so tightly 
held the Commonwealth from its first inception as a colony. 
The objections of the Catholics to the dechristianization of 
the educational system served only to warm the coals of anti- 
Catholic feeling and, when Holy Cross College applied for 
a state charter in 1849, she was refused by an aroused and 
well-informed legislature. 

The situation came to a head in 1859 at the Eliot School 
in Boston. There had been any number of incidents at this 
and other schools when the Catholic pupils refused to recite 
the Protestant version of the Commandments. Finally one 
teacher at the Eliot School took matters into his own hands 
and a young Catholic boy was severely beaten for daring to 
make such a refusal. The boy's parents brought suit in court 
and the encounter gained national publicity. The case was 
resolved on behalf of the teacher and the local Catholic 
population determined to start out on its own if no satisfac- 
tion should be forthcoming from the courts of law. They 
turned immediately to their bishop with requests for a paro- 
chial school system. This was an idea which the bishop had 
long entertained. As early as 1842, his predecessor had dis- 
cussed with Fr. John McElroy, S.J., the possibility of starting 
a college in the immediate area of the city. In 1845 the 
Jesuit Provincial, Fr. J. Roothaan, S.J., had written to the 
Rector of Holy Cross to express his desire that a college be 
built in Boston and even advised the rector to expend the 
majority of his energy in furthering this pursuit. 

By 1847 Fr. McElroy had once again returned to Boston, 
and he again broached the idea of the college to the new 




Fenwick Hall of the Holy Cross College in the 1860's. 



Bishop Fitzpatrick. He explained in detail Bishop Fenwick's 
plan for turning over the land that the old cathedral had 
stood upon as soon as the new Cathedral of the Holy Cross 
was finished. Bishop Fitzpatrick seemed receptive to the idea; 
but he evidently thought better of it, for in that same year 
at the end of October he turned St. Mary's Church in the 
North End over to Fr. McElroy. Despite Father's diligent work 
toward the creation of the college, the provincial received 
notice from the Maryland Province that there would be no 
teachers forthcoming to staff such a school, since the Mary- 
land Province was itself planning an expansion. The General 
had firmly decided that it would be unwise to increase the 
burden of the southern province at that time. Fr. McElroy 
was advised that he might continue such plans as he had, but 
should not expect the opening of the college in the near 
future. 

Father went ahead somewhat disheartened but with his 
usual drive. In 1851 he was looking for land on which to 
build a new church and the college, and at that time dis- 
covered that the City of Boston had the site of the old jail 
up for sale. He was discouraged, however, to find that the 
land was split into a number of small, disconnected parcels. 
For the time being he abandoned his idea of buying up this 
land and the few acres which divided it. The bishop in the 
meantime had found what he considered a suitable location 
in the Otis School, which the city also had up for sale. Fr. 
McElroy immediately agreed that it was a fine site and he 
noted with satisfaction that "it could easily hold six to eight 
hundred students." His satisfaction was brief, however, when 
the bishop informed him shortly thereafter that it was im- 
perative that St. Mary's School for Girls be moved to that 
site. During this transaction, the jail lands were sold to Col. 
Josiah Amee, who was to become a popular hero of the Civil 
War. In 1853 the colonel made it known that he was willing 
to sell. Fr. McElroy immediately had a broker contact him. 
It was then discovered that there were a number of restrictions 
on the use of the land, one of which stipulated that ten brick 
houses would have to be built on the site. Fr. McElroy in- 
formed the colonel that it was impossible to buy under those 
conditions, and the colonel immediately petitioned the City 
Council to have them removed. On March 9, 1853 word was 




St. Joseph's Chapel, Holy Cross, facing on the college's finely 
manicured croquet lawn. 




Looking down Beacon Street toward Newton in the 1850's. This is a portion of the marsh area forming part of the neck of Boston 
before filling began. Boston College was built on the southern half of this area when Harrison Avenue was reclaimed. 



received from the Committee on Public Land that the City 
Council had passed the resolution. Father was overjoyed with 
this news and even happier when he found that the colonel 
was also willing to sell the parcels which cut the property in 
two. The restrictions had not been removed from this area 
yet, but his lawyer informed him that he was perfectly safe 
in assuming that the City Council would extend its previous 
vote to cover this small additional area. Fr. McElroy paid 
Colonel Amee $13,000 in cash and assumed a mortgage of 
some 346,000 which was held by the city. 

Fr. McElroy was well pleased with this purchase, since the 
four story granite building which stood on the property had 
cost the city $50,000 when new. Accordingly, he had his 
lawyer set in motion the legal procedure necessary to have 
the restrictions lifted from the rest of his property. The 
Committee on Public Land was astounded to learn that a 
Catholic priest had purchased the land and they were horri- 
fied to learn that he planned to erect a church and school. 
The radical bigots on the committee stirred a hornets' nest 
of controversy and before Fr. McElroy knew what had hap- 
pened not only was his petition denied but the old restrictions 
which Colonel Amee had had removed were reapplied to the 
rest of the land. That this action exceeded their legal power 
did not seem to concern the committee. Father's lawyer ad- 



vised him to ignore their notification and to proceed with his 
request for a building permit, and, after consultation with 
the bishop, the petition was presented to the mayor, the 
aldermen, and the Committee on Public Land. Nine hundred 
and twenty-four citizens, the core of a new political group 
called the Know Nothings, signed a counter-petition demand- 
ing the continuance of the restrictions. Father McElroy's 
petition was refused. This action awakened many of the 
more prominent Protestants of the area, who deplored the 
bigoti7 and intolerance of the Know Nothings, and so, on 
May 19, 1853, twenty-five of these upright citizens approached 
the mayor with a petition urging that permission be granted 
for the erection of a church and college on the jail lands. 
Among the 25 signers were a number of famous educators, 
literary critics, nationally known lawyers, an ex-speaker of 
the national House of Representatives, and a former gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth. Three of the signers of the 
petition came from the Lawrence family, one of whose mem- 
bers, Amos Lawrence, had recently purchased a farm on top 
of Chestnut Hill in the suburbs just outside Boston. Under 
such pressures the mayor and the aldermen agreed, but the 
City Council was adamant and the restrictions stood. Fr. 
McElroy, realizing that he had lost the jail land controversy, 
immediately rented the property rather than sell it back to 



12 



the city. In 1856 Alexander Rice was elected the new mayor 
of Boston, but the city elections failed to remove enough of 
the Know Nothings on the Council to pass McElroy's petition. 

In 1857 it was decided that the South End of the city 
would be a more suitable place for the erection of a college 
and church, since it would be more accessible to the Catholic 
population. The well-disposed Mayor Rice indicated that 
the city was about to sell an excellent plot of land on Harri- 
son Avenue between Concord and Newton Streets. On April 
20 of that same year, Fr. McElroy sold the jail lands to the 
city at a $9,000 profit. The very next day he appeared before 
the Land Committee and requested that he be allowed to 
buy the Harrison Avenue tract. The land comprised almost a 
solid square block of the city and, as soon as this became 
known to the public, a good deal of opposition sprang up 
again. This was encouraged by the city newspapers, which 
played up the fact that priests would be taking over the city 
block by block. A number of the council members, although 
they lacked Know Nothing ties, were frightened enough by 
the publicity to vote against Fr. McElroy's request. When he 
realized that the local populace considered his request "an 
audacious attempt on the part of the ecclesiastical authorities 
... to acquire undue and colossal power," he shifted his 
ground and offered to buy only a part of the Harrison Avenue 
plot. He was assured privately that this display of "willing- 
ness to cooperate" would secure ultimate approval. The coun- 
cil debated the proposal from the end of April until the 
middle of July. In the meantime Fr. McEIroy looked into 
a number of alternate prospects and on every occasion met 
with failure, due to the people's fears that such a church 
would bring with it the "Irish rif-raf" and generally lower 
the status of the neighborhood. Finally, on July 22, 1857, 
he received word from the council that they would sell the 
Harrison Avenue land to him. 

In 1857 Harrison Avenue was situated on the neck of 
Boston, which was a swamp area until filling began in 1853. 
It was hardly a suitable site vmtil the marsh sections were 
filled, but then overnight it became a very desirable residential 
district. In 1856 the horse railroad of the Metropolitan Trans- 
portation Company made its appearance on the neck of Bos- 
ton and the price of land began to rise. Fr. McElroy got in 
on the ground floor of this land buying and within a very 
short time his original investment was worth many times 
what he paid for it. Within two weeks he hired a New York 
architect for the church and a local designer for the school. 
Fr. McElroy had no intention of opening the school until 
the church was well enough established to help pay for its 
upkeep, but he thought it would be prudent to build both at 
the same time to save money. 

Work on the buildings proceeded rapidly and, on April 27, 
1858, Bishop Fitzpatrick, Fr. John McElroy, S.J., another 
representative of the Society of Jesus, and three other clergy- 
men laid the cornerstone for both the church and school. 
The church was formally dedicated to Mary under the title 
of the Immaculate Conception, which had been dogmatically 
declared in Rome only four years previously. 

In October of 1859, Fr. McElroy and another Jesuit left 
the rectory of St. Mary's in the North End and took up resi- 
dence in the completed section of the college. Financial trou- 
bles soon mounted and the good Fathers became very bitter 
towards the people of St. Mary's because they, who were 
supposed to be supplying much of the construction costs, had 
faltered in their obligation during the last year or so. He 
had pleaded unsuccessfully with the bishop and the Provincial 
on a number of occasions, in his attempt to get the Jesuit 
pastor to shoulder the obligation which he had agreed to. 
The pastor and the parishoners, however, were still angry 



over the decision to move the school out of the North End and 
into the South End. Eventually, with the appointment of a 
new pastor, the problem was largely solved. Still, unforeseen 
expenses plagued him and he found relief only because of the 
generosity of Mr. Andrew Carney, who was also the man who 
encouraged Fr. McElroy to buy many of the small parcels 
of land which surrounded his original purchase. Father was 
overjoyed when this benefactor not only paid personally 
for much of the new acquisition, but even made it into a 
small recreation area. 

The church was formally opened in March of 1861 and 
the duties of pastor fell upon the already overburdened pre- 
late. He busily planned for the opening of his college but 
was soon disheartened by the Provincial, who said that there 
were not enough teachers to staff: colleges at both Boston 
and Worcester. Although the Provincial finally became so 
sympathetic with Fr. McElroy's plans that he even suggested 
closing Holy Cross to provide a sufficient number of teaching 
Fathers, Fr. McElroy judiciously refused to allow this to 
happen. 

As early as 1860, it was proposed that Boston College be 
opened for a short period of time as a seminary for Jesuits. 
Since there were no adequate training houses for the Order 
and since the General's representative concurred that this 
was an excellent idea, the wheels were immediately set in 
motion to bring the Seminarium Bostoniense into being. 
Jesuit communities from all over the United States sent their 
scholastics to Boston; and on hand to greet them was Fr. 
Bapst, who had recently moved from Maine to assume the 
duties of rector. The seminary was a great success in every 
way but the financial, so Fr. McElroy was relieved to find in 
the first months of 1863 that the Provincial was beginning 
to take heed of requests that a college for "externs" be opened. 
He argued eloquently that he had originally raised the funds 
for the college in order to provide a school for the sons of the 
donors. It was now his solemn obligation to establish this 
school and to fulfill his promises to these people. In March it 
was decided to incorporate the college, which up until that 
time was owned solely by Fr. McElroy, and soon a petition 
was put before the Massachusetts Legislature asking for a 
charter. On March 31, 1863, the petition was approved by 
the House and the Senate and was sent to Governor John 
Andrew, who signed it on the first of April. The summer of 
that same year saw the final departure of the scholastics, 
many of whom returned years later as teachers at Boston 
College. The humble Fr. McElroy, who had but a few weeks 
before been elected President of Boston College, asked that 
he be relieved of his duties. He was eighty-one years old and 
his work was done: Boston College had been founded. 



The Church of the Immaculate Conception and Old Boston College 
buildings on Harrison Avenue— from a sketch done about 1865. 




13 




Madonna and Child, a delicate work ivhich 
hangs in the office of the Bapst librarian. This 
Byzantine masterpiece, tooled in gold and 
silver, was a gift of His Eminence Richard 
Cardinal dishing. 



14 



As spring burst upon the land in April of 1863, a war- 
weary nation waited expectantly for news of Grant's offensive 
against Vicksburg and of Lee's forthcoming campaign in 
Pennsylvania. With all eyes turned to these historic events 
on the national scene, few even in Massachusetts were aware 
of the important event taking place in the state capitol on 
April 1 of that year. Only a very small number were aware 
of the great struggle which had ended when Governor John 
Albion Andrews signed the charter entitled "An Act to In- 
corporate the Trustees of the Boston College." The trustees 
were a handful of hardy Jesuits who had fought tirelessly 
and determinedly to bring Catholic education to the people 
of Boston. 

But even these stolid priests probably did not realize how 
much more they would have to struggle before their institu- 
tion would become an integral part of the lives of the people 
of Boston and, eventually, of all the United States. They 
perhaps were not aware that the election of Fr. John Bapst, 
S.J., as first President of Boston College was far more a begin- 
ning than an end to their work. For, if anything was to 
keynote their next quarter century, it would be hardship, sur- 
mounted only by the perserverance of those laboring to estab- 
lish an institution worthy of the tradition of Jesuit scholarship. 

Because of the difficulties encountered in obtaining financial 
backing, classes did not actually begin until September, 1864, 
when 22 uncertain young men entered the doors of the 
building on James Street to be initiated into the mysteries 
of higher education. Undaunted by the small number of the 
'elect,' the Prefect of Studies, Fr. Robert Fulton, S.J., ener- 
getically set about the task of organizing the students into 
classes and getting lessons under way. 




Reverend John McElroy, S.J. 



Church of the Immaculate Conception. 





Washington Street in the I860's. 



The school was formally organized in the European style: 
seven years of study starting with Rudiments, then 3rd, 2nd, 
and 1st Humanities, followed by Poetry, Rhetoric, and Phi- 
losophy. For several years it was standard practice to give 
the prospective student an examination to determine his cap- 
abilities in order to place him at the proper level (long 
before the College Entrance Examination Boa,rd) . Only an 
ability to read and write, plus an understanding of the pri- 
mary principles of grammar and arithmetic, was required 
for admission. Because of the haphazard preparation of the 
entrants, the college lacked the higher classes for several years. 
In the first year, for example, no one could be placed higher 
than 2nd Humanities. 

Of the 62 boys who attended Boston College at one time 
or another during that first year, approximately 48 were on 
hand at the end of the year when the public was invited to 
the First Annual Exhibition. This exhibition had been a 
source of much concern for both Father Bapst and Father 
Fulton. In view of the sparse attendance at the college during 
the first year, it seemed necessary to encourage the public to 
entrust their sons to the school. With such thoughts in mind. 
Father Bapst wrote a letter to the Provincial in May of that 
year in which he proposed that an exhibition be held, an 
idea originally suggested by Father Fulton. The desired ex- 
hibition was to consist of two parts. On the first night, there 
was to be a regular public examination of the Rudiments 
and Humanities. The second night was to witness a religious 
drama, Joseph Sold by His Brothers. Father Bapst explained 
that the play was necessary: 

since an examination of the younger boys would certainly 
not prove to be of general interest .... I don't see any- 
thing calculated to popularize our schools but some bril- 
liant exhibition, and for the present nothing else seems 
available but a drama such as I have proposed. If it can- 
not be permitted now, it can never be permitted. . . . 




Reverend John Bapst, S.J., first President of Boston College. 



^,^2 










Faculty Building on Harrison Avenue (Old Boston College). 



We are discouraged enough already, it would be dan- 
gerous to increase our discouragement, although cer- 
tainly we shall submit to your decision no matter 
what the consequences may be. 

Needless to say, the Provincial granted their request with due 
dispatch. 

In addition to the play. Father Fulton arranged to have on 
hand the popular Germania band and the college choir. The 
venerable 83-year-old Father McElroy returned for the occa- 
sion to present books and silver crosses to the top members 
of the student body. Sixty-four awards in all were given out. 
The newspapermen of Boston commented that the first com- 
mencement exercises had "proved [the college's] claims on 
the patronage of a discriminating public." 

Thus, as the nation entered the painful years of recovery 
and rebuilding, Boston College was at least guaranteed the 
opportunity to continue in existence and to strive to produce 
the kind of students it had promised the people of Boston. 
A start, however shaky, had been made. It was left to future 
years to build on this foundation. 

The remaining five years of Father Bapst's administration 
were marked by steady growth, until the student body num- 
bered 130 in 1869. Mere numbers, however, do not tell the 
whole story. There was also growth in excellence as the classes 
took on a more stable character and the school began to 
acquire a definite form. 

The course of studies at this time, lacking the higher classes, 
centered on the classics and English, although arithmetic. 



French, and music were also taught. Lessons consumed six 
hours a day, four-and-a-half hours on Saturday. Parents were 
kept informed of the students' progress by weekly reports 
written by the Prefect of Studies himself; and each year was 
climaxed by the public exhibition, at which students were 
examined, declamations made, and plays presented. The 
practice of assigning students on the basis of an entrance 
examination continued. They were then allowed to advance 




Some pjoiuns ol the IHdO'; 



as quickly as possible in each subject, so that a person might 
be in different levels in different subjects (long before John 
Dewey) . 

It was never forgotten that the purpose of the college was 
to train Catholics. For this reason daily attendance at Mass 
was required, as well as monthly confession and an annual re- 
treat. Attendance at daily catechism lessons and weekly lec- 
tures on the doctrines of the Church was also required of 
the Catholic students. There is no indication that there were 
any non-Catholics attending the college at the time, so most 
probably these activities involved the entire student body. 

The foregoing descriptions give some idea of the classroom 
life of the students in the first few years of the college's exist- 
ence. Perhaps just as important as the formal academic train- 
ing received was the experience gained in extra-curricular 
activities. True to the Jesuit ideal of educating the whole 
man, different societies had grown up almost from the very 
first day of classes. 

In addition to utilizing the opportunity provided by the 
productions and declamations which marked the end of the 
school year, the student could give vent to his forensic pro- 
clivities in the Debating Society, founded by Father Fulton 
himself and later to bear his name. The Society of St. Cecilia, 
a forerunner of the University Chorale, provided musical ac- 
companiment for daily Mass and other liturgical celebrations, 
both at the college and at the neighboring Church of the Im- 
maculate Conception. First place among the activities listed 
in the college's initial catalogue (published for the academic 
year 1868-69) went, of course, to the Sodality of the Immacu- 
late Conception. 

It is significant that in 1869, as a farewell present to Father 
Bapst, the sum of $20,000 was contributed to be applied to 
the school and church debt. While the academic life of Boston 
College had been taking shape for over five years, heroic efforts 
had been made to ensure that the school would not founder 
for lack of funds. The constant attempts to eliminate the 
claims against the college form an integral part of the struggle 
of the first few years. 





Bishop John Fitzpatrick, who brought Jesuits to Boston in 1847. 




Daniel M. C. McAvoy, the first stu- 
dent to register when Boston Col- 
lege opened in September, 1864. 



John Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts, Patron of the 
College. 



EXAMINATION AND EXHIBITION 

OF' 

BOSTON COLLEGE, 

MUSIC. 
EXAMINATION. 

Tile matter aaaipied for the various classes, is as IbUows; 

I'or the third class of Humanities, Nepos, Phredrus, Gricca Miuora, I 

and Greek Graniinurs. 
I'or the tirst division ofUudiments, Viri Romie, Latin and Greek Grami 
For the second division of Iludimcnts,, Geography, Latin Gnimnuir. 
For the third division of Rudiments, Geography, Spelling. 

MUSIC. 



DECLAM ATIO N. 



THE SCHOOL-llOY, 

CORIOLANUS, 

HILDEDRAND, 

MUSIC, 

DUTIES OK TATRrOTlSM, 



TllOB. J. FOKD. 

Francis Norkis. 

VlKCEXT LAfrOltHE. 

Geo. W. LEN.toN. 
Fha.nk McAvov. 



miDA.-jr, JXTDTB 30. 



JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN. 



ASA C RED DBA if A , 



I M T W-O A t 



URAMATIS PERSONiE. 



JOSEPH, 










H. R. ODossELi- 


ASENETHES, 


, 






W. J. Cai.v. 


HERSICLES, 










D. McAvoT. 


THANETES, 










V. i.AFOKMt 


ARAXES, 










F. JIcGlNLKV. 


JUDAH, 










F. J. McAvoT. 


SIMEON, 










J. BAnRON. 


UENJAMIN, 










T. J. Devksnt. 


LEVI, 










F. \V. NORRIS. 


ZAllUI.ON AND OTHERS, 






A. J.Maheb,&c. 




MUSIC. 




DISTRIBUTION OF 


PREMIUMS. 




MUSIC. 







The ICxcrcIsoB will begin at Ualf-past seven, on. both evenings. Entn 
tVoin .Tames Stivet, between Washington St., and Harrison Avenue. 



Program of the first 
Boston College Com- 
mencement, June 30, 
1865. 



November of 1863 had seen the debt at an all-time high 
of $156,666. After Sunday Mass on November 22, Father 
Bapst called a meeting of the men of the Immaculate Con- 
ception parish and proposed to raise $5,000 to meet the col- 
lege's immediate reeds. Andrew Carney, one of Boston 
College's most generous benefactors, perceiving that this 
would provide only temporary relief, immediately offered to 
donate S20,000 if the rest of the congregation would match 
this amount within six months. 

Two days later, Father Bapst was able to reply to Mr. 
Carney: 

The proposition was received with a tremendous ap- 
plause and to show they were in earnest $4,000 were sub- 
scribed on the spot by 64 men only. . . . The impetus is 
given, the excitement produced; it is within our power 
to have $40,000 within six months if the movement is 
skillfully directed. The cry is: we shall not lose the chance 
given by Mr. A. Carney!! 

The $7,000 mark was reached by the end of the first week. 
Three weeks later the total hit $10,000. At this time the Irish 
Catholic purse was very lean and, as the drive started to lose 
momentum, Father Bapst set about seeking means for inject- 
ing new energy into the flagging effort. He would not "lose 
the chance given by Mr. A. Carney!!" On January 26, 1864, 
Father Bapst transmitted to the Provincial his ideas for raising 
the required money. He suggested that the college sponsor a 
"Grand Fair" at the Boston Music Hall, adding that if such 
a Fair were held the debt might be reduced enough to open 
the school in the fall of '64. The Provincial gave his im- 
mediate approval and the "Grand Fair" was scheduled for 
April 5 through 16. The shrewd Father Bapst had chosen 



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(!:.\i)ibilion of '^loston 


(10 1 lege, 


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J^itno^ i^/, /S'06. 



20 




these dates because "later the days are too long. It is in the 
evening that money comes in; if the days are short, all is 
spoiled." 

On April 4, while preparations for the Fair were being 
hastily concluded, Andrew Carney was struck dead by an 
attack of apoplexy. Three days later he was laid to rest on 
the grounds of the Carney Hospital which he had founded. 
Though his death dampened the spirits of all connected with 
the fair, the workers resolved to make it such a success that 
it would be a fitting tribute to Mr. Carney. By the sixteenth 
of April, the Fair had netted over $27,000. In addition to 
the promised funds, Mr. Carney willed the Church and Boston 
(College another ,f25,000 in securities. Within a few months. 
Father Bapst had collected |62,000 in cash toward the liquida- 
tion of the college's $150,000 debt. 

Once the college opened, tuitions were expected to take up 
some of the financial burden. However, since tuition was only 
$30 a semester and since even this was waived in cases of 
extreme need (of which there were many among the Catholics 
of the day) , this did not go far toward meeting the school's 
expenses. Hence it was decided to offer, at $1,000 each, per- 
petual scholarships, which would guarantee the donor and 
his heirs the right to send a boy to Boston College as long 
as the institution remained in existence. But the perpetual 
scholarships inexplicably never became popular, and the col- 
lege soon received a fresh blow when the annual contribution 
from St. Mary's Church in the North End (long a steady 
source of revenue for the college) was withdrawn. This neces- 
sitated a second fair, far more elaborate than the first. 

Once again the Boston Music Hall was taken over for the 
event. From October 15 to November 23, 1866, the college 
held sway here, featuring such attractions as Gilmore's Irish 
Band, one of the most popular in the country. The final 
result was the collection of $30,728, which provided temporary 
freedom from monetary worries. 



Upper left: Looking down School Street. King's Chapel is at left. 
Left: Prize book awarded by Father McElroy at the college's first 
exhibition. Lower left: Melads awarded by Father McElroy. 



Vr\M:^>i^\M\i*\M\)*\ilt\i*\M^>ilt^^^\it^j[ 



II WRIGHT &DITSON 



|1 Base Ball 



^1 



^ 




Discus Ihrowing 

Full line of supplies ft 
this popular sport. 

Tennis, Oolf 

Cricket 

Track and Field 

Supplies 

Gymnasium 
Hquipments 



WRIGHT & DITSON, '''s^S^lT^STJl'"' 









f'WWmf^wwwwwwmv^^^ 



The second President of Boston College, Fr. Robert Brady, 
S.J., was another Southerner, like Father Fulton and many of 
the scholastics. In fact, the men of the Maryland Province 
played so important a role in the early days of Boston College 
that the first heroes of the traditionless school were graduates 
of Fordham and Georgetown, and the students always showed 
a certain sympathy for the Confederacy! 

Father Brady himself did not stay long. His term of office, 
which began August 27, 1869, ended less than a year later 
on August 2, 1870, when he became Provincial of the Mary- 
land Province. His successor was the dominant figure in the 
first quarter of Boston College's first century. Father Robert 
Fulton, formerly the Prefect of Studies. 

As Prefect Father Fulton had worked for seven years to 
develop the academic disciplines at Boston College. He was 
largely responsible for the form which the school adopted at 
this early stage. Now, as president for an unprecedented and 
never repeated twelve years (1870-80, 1888-91) , he was to 
further build the traditions and increase the stature of the 
Catholic college. In view of the formative role he played in 
the college's life, it is perhaps symbolic that his administration 
saw the replacement, in the official Jesuit catalogue, of the 
term CoIIegiutn Bostoniense Inchoatum by the designation 
now used. Collegium Bostoniense. 

It is perhaps worthy of note that the first thing he did as 
president was to lower the school's debt by another $21,000 
to 114,000. Financial solvency was always the first thought 
of any President of Boston College. 

From the point of view of later generations, two events 
stand out as significant in this period. The first of these was 
the opening in February, 1875, of the first addition to the 
James Street buildings, thus beginning the trend of expan- 
sion at Boston College. The back wall of the college building 
had been moved out on rollers some six feet and classrooms 
had been expanded in the intervening space. Room was also 
provided for two large halls, one seating 400, the other more 
than 1,000. The net result was to double the capacity of the 
college which had by now grown to 150 students. 




IN AID OF 
AXD THE 

Church of the Immaculate Conception, 

Will be holden in the 

BOSTON MUSIC HALL, 

From MONDAY, April 4th, 1864, to SATURDAY, 
April leth, inclusive. 



Conttibntioiis of money and articles for the Fair are 
regpecttolly solicited, and can be sent or delivered 
personally to either of the Committee, -whose names 
are given below, to any authorised Collector, or to the 
Pastor at the Collie. 

The object of the Fair is one which should Interest 
every Catholic in the diocese, and it is hoped ttiat all 
will co-operate in making it successful. 

^ JOHN BAP8T, 

Prudent <rf Boston College, and Pastor of the Church 
of the Immacolate Conception. 

In connection with the Fair, there is now in pro- 
gress 

A Crrand Com1>liiatlon Ral&e 

for three CHICKEEING PIANOS, tickets to which 
(at 9J9 each) can be obtained at the ware rooms of 

Chlckerlng & Son, 24S Washington street. 

Oliver Ditson & Co's Music store, 277 Washington st. 

HenryTolman&Co'?. " " 291 Washington st. 

Patrick Dcmahoe's Bookstore, 33, Franklin street, 
or from either of the Committee. 

Each ticket gives the holder a chance to draw 
A GBAND PIANO, 
A SEVEN OCTAVE KOSEWOOD SQUARE PIANO, 
or, a &H OCTAVE ROSEWOOD SQUARE PIANO, 
each of which will be as good an instrument as can 
be made by Cbidcerlns 4^ 9o^i^« whose Pianos 
are surpassed bj those of no other makers in this 
conntry or in Europe. 

JOS. A. LAFORME, No. 31 Central wharf. ) 
HUGH OIJRIEN, No. >i Cearal street. I 

JOHN H.WILLCOX. No. 29 Chester square, }-Com. 
F. MrLAUCiHlJN, No. 28 Exchange street. I 
l\ 11. l't)WEi:S, No. 17 Milk street. j 



Some of the early faculty members gathered on the porch of the 
Harrison Avenue residence. 



This expansion in facilities was followed by the second 
event of really lasting significance— the first graduation. As 
early as 1869, some had suggested that there could be a phi- 
losophy class and a graduation, but Father Fulton had felt 
that it would be dangerous to try to grant degrees before the 
school was safely established. Thus the school's right to grant 
degrees, so long fought for and so dearly won, remained un- 
exercised. A number of students, unwilling to wait any longer, 
had transferred to Georgetown or Fordham to complete their 
studies and obtain their degiees, but many of the faithful 
still wanted to receive their degree from the school at which 
they had spent so many years. 

The academic year 1876-7 saw the establishment of the 
Professorship of Logic, Metaphysics, and Ethics and the for- 
mation of a graduating class. Boston College thus prepared 
for its first commencement week. 

The week opened with a science exhibition, featuring the 
demonstration of Bell's newfangled device for the transmis- 
sion of speech. The next day saw the performance of a Latin 
play, Philedoniis, while graduation day was marked by a 
literary exhibition. The previous year had seen the beginning 
of the tradition of having the archbishop hand out prizes for 
academic excellence, so Archbishop Williams was on hand 
again for the presentation of diplomas. Also present was the 
Governor of the Commonwealth, Alexander H. Rice, an old 
friend of Boston College. In view of the college's later impact 
on the community, it is interesting to note that, of the nine 
graduates, one died a few months later, two became doctors, 
and the other six became priests of the Boston Archdiocese. 
Already Boston College was performing a sei"vice role for the 
community. 

Other events of greater or lesser importance helped to span 
the ten years of Father Fulton's first term of office. After the 
first graduation, the school was finally a complete institution, 
with all grades and studies offered. Thus it could attract 
students from greater distances who saw a chance to obtain 
a degree from a recognized institution of higher learning. 
One of these students, coming all the way from Lowell, was 
perhaps the most famous graduate of the college's first quarter- 
century: William O'Connell, later Cardinal-Archbishop of 
Boston and Dean of the American hierarchy. 

October of 1870 saw the formation of the first military drill 
unit on the Boston College campus, the Foster Cadets. This 
precipitated the college's first major crisis: Father Fulton re- 
quired all sudents to participate and to purchase the college 
uniform, but such an expenditure was beyond the means of 
many students, who did not come from the city's wealthiest 
families by any means. The upper classes, who had only a 
year or two to go and who would have had to transfer to 
another institution to get their degree anyway, were especially 
unhappy. Thus September, 1871, saw classes open with 62 
students out of 140 gone, including all of Rhetoric and Poetry 
and most of First Humanities. The cadets themselves made 
quite a presentable showing, winning several drill competi- 
tions and participating annually in the gala, rollicking St. 
Patrick's Day Parade. For fifteen years the streets around the 
college echoed to the music of fife and drum as the cadets' 
silver swords and Springfield rifles crisply responded to the 
commands of the drill master. "Protestant opposition to the 
drilling of cadets was tremendous, and rumors began circulat- 
ing that the Jesuits were stacking arms in the cellar of Im- 
maculate Conception Church." In 1885 the decision was made 
to permanently put aside the battalion's parade flags and silver 
standards. (Continued on page 26) 




Reverend Robert W. Brady, S.J., 
second President of Boston College 

(1869-1870). 



The construction of the subway bed in the 1870's. Park Street 
Church in the background. 




23 




Rev. John McEiroy, S. J. (1782-1877). 



44T ^^* born in the province of Ulster, the most north- 
I ern province of Ireland, ... in 1782, ... At the time 
of my birth, Catholic emancipation had made no 
headway in Ireland, and hence I received simply a com- 
mon education, ... I left Ireland for America, in 1803, 
when twenty-one years old. ... I landed first at Baltimore, 
and went from there to Georgetown. 

"Jefferson was president of the United States when I 
landed. I have met him several times, and often had 
occasion to admire his republican simplicity. When I took 
the stage in Baltimore and came to Washington ... I 
went to Georgetown . . . and entered into commercial 
life. I gave up the mercantile life to go to college. I 
entered Georgetown College in the capacity of clerk or 
bookkeeper. The October following I entered the novi- 
ciate as lay-brother where I remained as such for nine 
years. 



REV. JOHN MG ELROY, S. J. 

FOUNDER OF BOSTON COLLEGE 



" (It was during this period that I witnessed, from 
the college ^vindo^vs, the burning of the capital by Gen- 
eral Ross, after the battle of Bladensburg.) 

"I remained in Georgetown four years, filling the same 
office I occupied before. I . . . came from there [to Fred- 
erick] in 1822. I remained until 1845. During that time I 
erected the center building of the Academy of the Visita- 
tion, over the way, for the Sisters of Charity. I was re- 
moved in 1845 to take charge of a church in Georgetown, 
of which I was pastor. 

"The Mexican war having broken out. President Polk 
called upon the bishop for a chaplain for the army. I had 
the honor of being selected by them, and was sent with 
Father Ray to the army, . . . the President said the 
Mexicans were all Catholic and must be conciliated. I 
was with General Taylor's part of the army and be- 
came quite intimate with him. I remained with the army 
as chaplain for one year. In 1847 I went to Boston 
to see Bishop Fitzpatrick. He offered me a church and 
my provincial consented. I was placed in charge of St. 
Mary's and was there about seventeen years. My life 
in Boston was at times somewhat tempestuous, but it 
pleased the Almighty to bless my labors abundantly. 
I immediately set to work and built a number of schools. 
At length what was known as the jail lands were offered 
for sale, on which formerly stood the jail . . . the land was 
purchased by a gentleman and I succeeded in inducing 
him to part with a portion of it. My purpose was to erect 
a college. The cry was raised of "Church or no Church," 
"Father McElroy or not." A desperate struggle ensued. 
Finally ... I sold the property back to the city and bought 
a lot, almost an entire square, on which I erected a college, 
which is at present in a very flourishing position. A violent 
prejudice was manifested against granting a charter with 
college rights, but I secured the services of General Gush- 
ing, whom I had known in Mexico. He introduced me to 
the Legislature, by whom I was received with great kind- 
ness and my modest petition was granted. It was on this 
occasion that I was introduced to Governor Andrew, who 
informed me that it would give him great pleasure to sign 
the bill as soon as it passed the Legislature. I subsequently 
built and dedicated in 1861 the Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, the finest church in Boston. It was consecrated 
with imposing ceremonies. 

"Since leaving Boston I have been engaged in the ordi- 
nary diuies of the ministry, my failing sight having cur- 
tailed and impaired, to a great extent, my usefulness. I 
still say Mass and preach here [Frederick] at the novitiate, 
but I am unable to travel without a guide, and that would 
be making two do the work of one. I have often known 
one to do the work of two, or even three, but I think the 
reversal of the rule would be unprofitable." 

Based on a personal interview for the Nev^r York Herald, May 6, 
1876, published May 8, 1876. 



24 



Possibly the only Rector of Boston College to be 
tarred and feathered, John Bapst was born at La- 
Roche, Fribourg, Switzerland, on December 7, 1816. 
The young Bapst studied at the Jesuit College in Fribourg, 
entered the Society in 1835, and was ordained in December 
of 1846. Shortly thereafter, the Jesuits were expelled from 
Switzerland (no fault of the future rector), and Father 
Bapst was assigned to do missionary work among the 
Indians at Old Town, Maine. 

In 1854 Father Bapst, making his personal rounds, was 
apprehended by a local group of rather anti-Catholic 
Know Nothings, ridden on a rail to a distant point, 
stripped of his clothes, tarred and feathered, and nearly 
burned alive. Under the fire of such persecution, the 
Jesuits withdrew from Maine in 1859, and Father Bapst 
was appointed Spiritual Director at Holy Cross College, 
where he remained until he was made rector of the new 
Scholasticate of the Society of Jesus in Boston on July 2, 
1860. 

The tense national atmosphere of the time is demon- 
strated in a passage from a letter written by Father Bapst 
on March 3, 1861: 

Tomorrow Lincoln, the new President of the 
United States, will be installed in the office at 
Washington. You are aware, I suppose, that we 
are just at this moment resting upon a volcano; 
that the Southern States are about to separate 
from the Northern, and that the Union will 
probably be dissolved. They expect some great 
disturbances at Washington tomorrow. It is very 
likely a civil war will ensue. And then, what is 
going to become of us? God alone knows. 

Meanwhile, however. Father Bapst had other concerns 
of a more immediate nature. He wrote in 1863 to the 
Provincial of the Order regarding the seminary in Boston, 
which had for the first time been called Boston College: 
"Is it not high time that Boston College should be opened 
for the boys of the city? They have waited so long that 
they begin to think that it will never be opened." It was 
not long before the Provincial heeded Father Bapst's 
rather urgent request, and in August, 1863, the rector of 
the former Jesuit seminary became its first president, 
now that it had become a college for the "boys of the 
city." His appointment to the post followed the three- 
month honorary tenure of Fr. John McElroy, elected for 
purposes of incorporation. 



REV. JOHN BAPST, S. J. 

FIRST PRESIDENT OF BOSTON COLLEGE 



Father Bapst's early disappointment and despair yielded 
to hopes for his college. His administration was an event- 
ful one, and by the end of it, prospects for the successful 
development of Boston College were high. When Father 
Bapst retired from office in August of 1869 to become 
superior of the New York-Canada Mission, he wrote to 
the Jesuit Superior in Rome: "Boston College, despite 
serious obstacles in the way, seems now to enjoy a success 
beyond all expectations and to hold out great hopes for 
the future." 

The interest of Father John Bapst in his school con- 
tinued ttnwaning until his death on November 2, 1887. 



Rev. John Bapst, S. J. (1816-1887) 





Academically this decade witnessed not only the introduc- 
tion of a philosophy course and an initial graduating class 
but also a program of study leading to majors in classics and 
English. It was at this time that the practice of sending weekly 
reports to anxious parents was cancelled, due to the ever- 
increasing number of students and the impracticality of the 
measure from a clerical standpoint. 

Father Fulton was extremely active at this time in an organi- 
zation which, though not directly connected with Boston Col- 
lege, was very definitely linked with it, and which was to 
play an important role in the life of the Catholics of Boston 
for many years. The Young Men's Catholic Association of 
Boston College was inaugurated to provide a means of recrea- 
tion for young Catholic men unable to attend college for 
financial or other reasons. 

The association itself was organized during the winter of 
1874-5. Father Fulton drew up the constitution of the group, 
which made the President of Boston College president of the 
association and gave him a veto power. This was a necessary 
formality because the group used Boston College property 
for its activities, but in actual practice the elected vice-presi- 
dent had control of the group's activities. 

The association had ups and downs in its membership and 
activities. When it was strongest it staged dramatic produc- 
tions, debates, and lectures, while also sponsoring reunions and 
athletic events. Later it became too big for the Boston College 
campus and moved to its own quarters. For about thirty years 
it conducted an evening school well known to many Boston 



Reverend Robert Fulton, S. J., third President of Boston College 
(1870-1880). 

State Street, Boston, in 1875. 




26 



Becoming Hats 

At convincing prices. There are other 
dealers who sell good hats, ours are the 
finest that can be produced. 

PrTces $2.00, $2.50, $3.00 

Gloves and Umbrellas 

HARQEDON & LYNCH 

171 HanoYer Street, Below Blackstone 

OPEN EVENINGS 




TH£T£IEP/W/^£ 



The rear entrance to the college buildings shortly after Father Fulton moved the back wall 
out to the street. 



Catholics as an excellent preparation for civil service exams. 
Both the school and the Young Men's Catholic Association 
went out of existence during World War II, as the city's 
Catholics became prosperous enough to do without what was 
essentially an association for the less well-to-do. 

In 1879 Father Fulton wrote to his superiors asking that 
he be relieved from office. He was deeply concerned lest too 
much of one man should stifle the growth of the institution 
he loved so dearly. Yet the fall of 1879 found him still behind 
the rector's great oak desk, and it was with some reluctance 
that he greeted the incoming freshmen. His relief from office 
was long overdue and uncertainty as to his future troubled 
his waking moments. He penned a number of requests to 
Rome and the polite reply he received did little to comfort 
him. He was told that there was little that could be done at 
the moment since no decision had been made concerning a 
replacement; he would, however, "receive a few weeks' notice 
once the decision had been made." Father Fulton carried on 
his work until Friday afternoon, January 9, 1880, when he 
received a letter from the Provincial informing him that he 
was to be relieved of his office in two days by Father Jeremiah 
O'Connor, S.J. He knew Father O'Connor well since he was 
the assistant pastor of the Immaculate Conception Church a 
scant 50 yards from his office. No doubt Father Fulton read 



the Provincial's letter with pleasure since, as he must have 
realized. Father O'Connor was a very capable replacement. 

But if Father Fulton was pleased with his successor, he 
must have been astonished and shocked at his own future. 
He was to remain at the college until further notice as the 
Prefect of Schools and "general assistant" to the new rector. 
His astonishment can be more easily understood when one 
realizes that it is a time-honored custom to transfer a superior 
to another house as soon as his term of office has expired. 
The wisdom and charity of such a practice is obvious, but if 
it ever needed demonstration it could be found abundantly 
in this case. As it happened. Father Fulton knew and loved 
Father O'Connor and he was able to write quite frankly, "I 
think Father O'Connor is doing first rate, and he has made 
a splendid beginning." But, in spite of this, he was forced to 
confess that it was hard to see his pet projects abandoned and 
his decisions reversed. 

Father Fulton quitely endured the painful humility of 
his new position until May 13 of 1880, when he was notified 
that he was being transferred to St. Lawrence Parish (now 
St. Ignatius Loyola) of New York City. He was given many 
honorary degrees by the populace of his "favorite city" and 
testimonial banquets in his honor abounded as the day of 



A (tRAND fair 

fN AID OF THE 

BOSTOiX COLLEGE. 

A>D THF. 

Church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception, 

WrLl, OPEN rN THE 

BOSTON JMTJSIC HALL, 

October X5, 186fl. 

Donations in aid ot the J^'air, either In Articles nr 
Money, will be grateiullv received by either of the 
Managers, or at the College in Hamson Avenue. 

The Fair will he under the manaffoment of the fot- 
lowinx gentlemen : 

KRaKCIS McLADGHU* . Eichange street 

HCGH CAKLV. Frp.man4(«rev. 

MICHAEL DOHEKTY. Union Sqnare 

JOSEPH A. LAFORME, N. Regglo & Co. 

C. A. LINEMANN. FraniUn street. 

HDGH O'BRIEN. SUlppinc List. 

WM. S PELLETIER, Eoxhaiy. 

J. H. WILLCOX, Chester 8qn»re. 

The Tables will be nuder the direction of the fol- 
lowins Ladiefl. to whom contrlbntinns mav be sent ;— 

CiTeEDBAl Tabi^, Miss C. Bradley and Mis.s M. 
A. Cassrdy. 

St. Maet's CHTJ3CB Table, Mrs. M. Tamey. 

Si. Maet'3 Sdncat School Tablb, Ml3» G. Crow- 

St. PKTEn and Sr. Paol (Somh Boston), Mrs. 
Anthonv Kane. 

Gati or Heaves (Sonth Boston), Miss Kate Sul- 
livan. 

St. Joseph's (Rnx'inrv). Mrs. Col Gnlnev. 

HEFRtsusiEKi Table. Mrs Dr. Hartuelt, Miss M. 
A, Crean 

Me=:. Wlt.LIA3r ^lONTGOSfERV'S TABLE. 

Tbinitt Chcech Table, Mrs. B. Elchhomand Mrs. 
1. Fandel. 

Combisjtion Table. Mrs A. A. Thaver. 

St. Btephes's Chuech Table, Miss Catherine 
Toomey. 

St. Vincent's Chcbch Table, Mrs. James Riley. 

Mas. Carmet and miss Rkooio's Table. 

Miss Helen Davis's Table. 

College Table. Mrs. T Feran. 

Floweb Table. Mrs. J. Galvin. 

Immaculate CoscEmoN Table, Mrs. Lennon and 
Mrs. Insrlis. 

OCE Lady's Table Mrs. A. McAvov. 

MBS. 1. C. -MEitEiLLs Table. 

Mas. F. SiESESLicn and JIes. Hent.t Ptaff's Ta- 
mes. M.J. Ward and Mis< I,. Colevan's Tible 
Mabbibd Women's .sodality Table, tors. T 
Bradv. and Miss Florence Lym»ii 

Yousc; WoMBNs Sodality Table. 

Sunday School Table. 

•ALTAR Boys' Table, 

Fl.siiiNO I'OND. Miss Manirie Mooney. 

' "■■ 'APtE willlic published daring the 



t'lv 



dlfTerent tables, lis 
111 other reading matter, with ai 
)radver11 eraents. It is inteo.ledto 
conies ol this paper gr .lultouslv. n 
valn;ib,c medium ot advertising. 
<-:iii be icfl at the " Shipping List ' 



departure grew near. As early as February of that year, the 
Young Men's Catholic Association, which Father had helped 
to found, sponsored a reception for him in College Hall. On 
this occasion all the great and powerful friends which his 
literary tastes and energetic activity had won for him were 
in attendance. Renowned educators and distinguished pro- 
fessional men gathered to hear the Governor of the Common- 
wealth, John O. Long, and Mayor Prince of Boston describe 
glowingly the man and his works. John Boyle O'Reilly, a 
popular newspaper columnist and poet, wrote a tribute to 
him appropriately entitled "The Empty Niche." The poem 
was Victorian in its style and by modern standards certainly 
lacks sophistication, but without doubt it expressed and 
mirrored the feelings of the people of Boston on the occasion 
of Father's transfer. The Young Men's Catholic Association 
gave the college .|500 to found the Fulton Medal, a prize still 
awarded by the university for outstanding speaking ability. 
A bust of Father Fulton was unveiled at the close of the even- 
ing and it was praised in print for the "fire and magnetism" 
which it had captured. It is unfortunate that the statue is 
now lost to the college. 

This reception only begins to give the proper impression 
of the city's esteem for Father Fulton. He had acquired for 
both the college and himself a position of prominence and 
leadership within the community. 

Although Father Fulton was editorialized in The Pilot on 
a number of occasions, the scope of his personality and energy 
was never so well described as in the issue of January 24, 1880: 

. . . Father Fulton has grown to be a feature of Boston 
Catholicity. His name and his person were everywhere 
respected and beloved. The remarkable influence he pos- 
sessed as a spiritual guide and as a friend is rarely 
equaled. Under his wise and temperate direction, Boston 
College has grown into splendid promise. . . . He is neces- 
sarily a large figure socially and intellectually. . . . Wher- 
ever he may go, Father Fulton carries with him the love 
and respect of Boston. 




^Students' Christmas Entertainment, 






— - - — r 


\_ 






1 


PART IL 

Jhe Jucer Jmbjcct. 

A Farce in One Act. 

DOCTOR BIN'GO, . J. W. McCoumack 

JULIAN, his nephew, . . J. J. DwvER 

CHARLES MARKHAM, Julian's friend, 

H. H. Harden 

BILL MATTOCK, tlic "Subject," 

J. P. Murphy 

NED SNATCH, Bill's chum, J. F. Duffy 

SAMMY SPECTRE, the Doctor's boy, 
i W. J. Browne 

TOM DARKING, an Innkeeper, C. A. LoGUE 
Afnsic: Higgins' Band. 








1' 1 





28 




Cadet Brisfadier General P. H. Callahan. 



The humble Fulton must have blushed at such public 
praise. Nowhere in his personal effects were found any news- 
paper accounts of his accomplishments. He kept but one letter, 
which the Provincial, his immediate superior, had written in 
January of 1880, to congratulate him at the termination of 
his rectorship. It closed with the remark: "The college which 
under Divine Providence owes everything to you has won a 
prestige which, as it has been the effect of its past, is now the 
guarantee of its future prosperity." 

Father O'Connor's term of office passed smoothly and 
efficiently and would have been almost entirely uneventful, 
save for the founding of two organizations which are now re- 
spected and integral parts of campus life. In 1883 the students 
of the class of '84 circulated a petition which requested the 
establishment of a literary and news journal. In January of 
that same year, the rector of the college announced the ap- 
pointment of Fr. Thomas Stack as the moderator of the newly 
formed Stylus. The format was radically different from what 
today's undergraduate recognizes as the university's literary 
quarterly. The original specifications called for a magazine 
about 12 pages in length with dimensions of approximately 
10 by 12 inches. Poetry, occasional short stories, various an- 
nouncements, and a news column call "Domi" were featured. 
Financial considerations ruled out the possibility of illustra- 
tions and pictures, although there were occasional advertise- 
ments depicting the latest in derbys and wing collars. The 
new publication was in effect a combination newspaper, 
literary journal, yearbook, and alumni news letter. It received 
a tremendous response from the student body and many of 
the alumni, now 125 strong. Indeed, the circulation outside 




Foster Cadet. Note B.C. emblem on hat. 



The gymnasium at Old Boston College. 




29 



of the college grounds must have been at least as great as 
that on campus, since an average of 600 copies of each issue 
were distributed among only 260 students. The professional 
press of the day termed the Stylus "unquestionably one of the 
best college papers published." In 1889 the Stylus temporarily 
suspended publication because its offices had fallen to the 
sledge hammers of progress. New construction had begun on 
the college buildings and, regrettably, there was no alternative. 
For four years the students went without their Stylus, but 
finally, in 1893, it was revived under the direction of Fr. 
Timothy Brosnahan. Since that time, the Stylus has never 
suffered another interruption of publication, although more 
than once the financial ice has been thin and the issues even 
thinner. 

In 1883 the Stylus was able to report to the student body 
the efforts of Messrs. T. W. Coakley '84, J. P. McGuigan, and 
T. J. Hurley '85, to form the Boston College Athletic Club. 
Up to this time, sports had been organized on a game-to-game 
basis with no official notices or teams to bear the college 
standard. The absence of an official athletic program up until 
this time is explained by the lack of facilities, the day student 
composition of the school, and the fact that up until the 
middle seventies the school had no students old enough to 
compete on the intercollegiate level. In the period 1870 to 
1877, there were a number of attempts to organize a baseball 




•a-'^i 



^^ 



' J|ave the effect* of the gruiade* been beneficial 



to gurope?" 



A_firmal,-vc: 

EUGENE A. McCarthy, 

FRANCIS A, CUNNINGHA.M, 



Negative, 
JEREMIAH G. FOLEY, 
FRANCIS J. BARNES. 



JUDGES. 
Mr. Thomas J Flatley, Mr. 0. H. Tully, Mr. P. Dona 



SCIENTIFIC ESSAYS AND EXPERIMENTS 
By Members of the Graduating Class. 

June li), ^ §>, p.M. 



team, but the "Fairgrounds" across the street from the school 
could not always be had and the only other suitable sites for 
a ball game were "picnic distance" from the college. 

The rector, Father O'Connor, immediately approved the 
plans laid before him in 1883 and appointed a Jesuit scho- 
lastic, Mr. D. L. Brand, S.J., as moderator. Timothy Coakley 
was elected first president of the Athletic Association by the 
forty-odd men who made up its membership in its first year. 
In the college catalogue for the years 1883-84, the purpose of 
the Athletic Association was stated: "Its object is to encourage 
the practice of the manly sports, and to promote by these the 
esprit de corps of the college students who are its members." 

Fired with vernal vigor, the association quickly organized a 
baseball team. In May of 1884 the Stylus commented on the 
spring activities with a classic piece of partisan reporting: 

The Baseball team has been reinforced by many effi- 
cient players. Under Manager Hopwood, it is prepared 
to do some good work in the field. Already it has defeated 
the South Boston Athletic Club 14-3, the Roxburys 15-5, 
the Adams Academy nine 21-12, and though defeated by 
the Lynns, it owes its defeat not to the superior playing 
of its adversaries but to the friendship of the Umpire to 
that nine. . . ." 

On July 31, 1884, Father O'Connor stepped down from the 
presidency and turned over the "reins of government" to "a 
familiar face and a well-remembered voice," Fr. Edward V. 
Boursaud, S.J., who had been a teacher of Poetry and Rhetoric 
at Boston College back in 1879-81. Father was well-liked by 
his students and by the poor of the Boston area. He was quiet 
and mild-mannered, but he managed to create a furor in the 
city when he demonstrated his sympathy for the striking 
street car employees by avoiding the scab-operated vehicles 
and publicly riding in the strikers' protest barges. 

Under Father Boursaud's leadership, the enrollment of the 
college brushed the 300 mark for the first time and the student 
chapel in the basement of Immaculate Conception Church was 
expanded and redecorated. Father also felt that it was time 
for the college to begin a Master of Arts program. The cata- 
logue for the years 1884-85 announced the requirements: 
"For the . . . degree of A.M. it will be required that the 
applicant shall have continued his studies within the college 
for one year, or studied, or practiced a learned profession for 
two years." If the requirements seem loose by present stand- 



30 




Reverend Jeremiah O'Connor, S. J., 
fourth President of Boston College 
(1880-1884). 




The College Hall. 




ards, it should be noted that there were only seven such de- 
grees conferred by the college in the 30 years until 1913. 

It was Father Boursaud who gave his permission for the 
founding of the Alumni Association. As early as the spring 
of 1884, the editors of the Stylus began campaigning for such 
an organization: ". . . It would materially aid us by making 
the college more widely known and esteemed, and by infusing 
a lively and kindlier interest among the older students for 
us of the present. . . ." 

The enthusiasm for such an undertaking was not at first 
what the Stylus would have liked to engender, but some of 
the graduates of the Class of '84 did form a committee under 
Mr. E. A. McCarthy and in 1885 they approached Father 
Boursaud with plans for an Alumni Association. Father 
doubted that enough people were interested and a discouraged 
band of young men left his office, only to return a few months 
later after sounding out the alumni support for such a project. 
When the rector perceived that there was indeed sufficient 
popular sentiment among the 136 living alumni, he immedi- 
ately gave his permission for the formation of the association. 
In June of 1886, the first reunion was held in Young's Hotel. 
The success of this affair provided an indication of the success 
the group has had ever since. 

On August 5, 1887, Fr. Thomas Stack, S.J., was appointed 
the sixth President of Boston College. Father Stack, remem- 
bered as founder of the Stylus, was at the time a very popular 
professor of Physics and Chemistry. He was a perpetual delight 
to the student body because of his endless repertoire of Civil 
War tales. Their joy at the announcement of his appointment 
was short-lived, however, for Father fell grievously ill a scant 
seventeen days after the announcement. On August 30 his 
death ended a career as rector which never even began. The 
suddenness of this loss temporarily put the college at a loss 
for leadership. There was no time before the opening of 
classes to go through the procedure of electing a new presi- 
dent, so Father Nicholas Russo, Professor of Philosophy and 
a prolific author in his field, was chosen as vice-rector to fill 
the gap. His term of office proved brief and uneventful. Less 
than one year later, on July 4, 1888, the news of a new presi- 
dent swept the college. The great Father Fulton was re- 
turning. 



To their Retiring President 



Program for the reception given to Father Fulton 
by the Young Men's Catholic Association. 



KGVGRGnD•^KOBGRT♦^FaLTO^,•^$. J. 




YOUNG MEN'? C^lTpeiilC TlSSeCI^f ION, 

-^:|;0P BOSTOn COLLeGE.'- 




Will be presented Massinger's'Great Five Act Play, 



, (<^ \ "^^ , 




REUNION OF THE 

Am 

boston college, 
Wednesday, June 21, 1882. 



Cover of an early Stylus, May 1895, in 
honor of the Jubilee of Archbishop 
Williams. 



jdiyLllI: ^ciA\i>)iii\. 







_ ^ofton 



tJ^ 



; j \\ ^ 



32 





Reverend Edward V. Boursaud, 
S. J., fifth President o£ Boston Col- 
-1887). 




The reception room, Old Boston College. 



Reverend Thomas H. Stack, S.J., 
sixth President of Boston College 
(IS 




Reverend Nicholas Russo, S.J., sev- 
enth President of Boston College 

(1887-1888). 



33 




Mural depicting St. Ignatius of Loyola, one 
of a series of four such paintings in the Ro- 
tunda of Gasson Hall ivhich were done by 
Brotlier Francis C. Schroen, S.J. 



The second quarter century of Boston College's history 
could not have had a more auspicious start than to have the 
inimitable and beloved Father Fulton back at the helm. His 
eight year absence from Boston had been filled with activity 
both at home, where he became Provincial of the Maryland 
Province, and abroad, where he became Inspector General 
of the Irish Province. He had exhibited boundless energy in 
his every undertaking, and he brought back to his beloved 
college a zeal which immediately began to recall the spirit 
of the sixties and seventies. 

For a number of years, there had been a great deal of dis- 
cussion about the adequacy of the existing college accommo- 
dations. The archbishop was insistent that the first three years 
of the college's European-style seven year course be iTvamped 
and that, in addition, a four year commercial course be insti- 
tuted. Such action was deemed necessary because of the rising 
popularity of the "public high school." Up until that time, it 
was only possible to get a degree from the college after com- 
pleting the full seven year curriculum, and so the student who 
dropped out after three or four years received no credit for 




his endeavor, despite the fact that he had completed the 
equivalent of the public high school course. Father Fulton 
also recognized the pressing need for larger quarters for the 
Young Men's Catholic Association, which held a special place 
among his many interests. Space was desparately needed. 

Father Fulton placed the expansion program at the top of 
his list, and the plans of the five previous years began to 
become a reality. Upon his return he was fortunate in finding 
a large number of influential friends who could help immeas- 
urably in the task, while the Young Men's Catholic Associa- 
tion plunged the entire effort of its large membership into 
the work. When ordinary means threatened to fail, he ener- 
getically turned to the "Grand Fair," that ingenious device 
which had twice previously saved the college from insolvency. 
Needless to say, with Father Fulton directing the project, 
the drive was a success. 

Work was begun on the portion of the building facing 
James Street in 1889. The plan was to extend the building 
toward Newton Street on one end and toward Concord Street 
on the other. As a result, the frontage on James Street would 



ADMIT BEARER 



Tt|BFaiFfoFtl?BBmldii|gFuij[t 

OF BOSTON COLLEGE. 
Beginning November 27th, 1889. 



ADMISSION FROM HARRISON AV., BETWEEN CHURCH AND COLLEGE. 



Boston College faculty residence and the Church of the Immaculate Conception as they appeared in 1895. 
\1 





Allie Gleason - 5' 2", 120 
lb. fullback for Boston 
College. 




The first official football team at Boston College (1893). 



be increased by almost one hundred feet. A number of strikes 
in May of '89 delayed the completion of the additions until 
spring of the following year. In the meantime, the English 
School, as the high school was then called, was set up and 
its division from the college made complete with the an- 
nouncement that the students of this school were to use their 
own private entrance! Although the English School conducted 
a series of courses designed to prepare the student for activi- 
ties in commerce, the seven-year requirement for an A.B. de- 
gree remained. With these manipulations, the rector was able 
to satisfy the demand of the archbishop and still maintain 
a time-honored system. 

September of 1890 saw a record high enrollment of 315 stu- 
dents. The genial Father Fulton was on hand to greet the 
new freshmen with a number of fatherly admonitions and 
directives, not the least of which was a detailed explanation 
of "Jug," as the Jesuit detention system was called. His energy 
was beginning to flag, however, as the effects of his constant 
activity began to tell on his health. Severe rheumatic pains 
now crippled him for longer and longer periods. Samples of 
his handwriting at this time, which are preserved in Bapst 
Library, give eloquent testimony of the heroic effort he was 
obliged to make in writing even the briefest notes. 

On the evening of October 15, 1890, Father Fulton, Arch- 
bishop Williams, and ex-Mayor Collins marked the fifteenth 
anniversary of the Young Men's Catholic Association by 
dedicating the new wing. It was the last event Father was 
ever to attend at Boston College. The following morning, at 
the directive of the Provincial, Father Fulton set out for Hot 
Springs, Arkansas, hoping to regain his health. 

When it became obvious that there was little hope for im- 
provement in Father Fulton's health. Rev. Edward I. DeVitt, 
S.J., of Holy Cross was appointed vice-rector of the Boston 
school. In September of '91, Father DeVitt's title was changed 
to that of rector and president. With this action Father Ful- 
ton's records were permanently closed and with them passed 
an era which would be long remembered. 

Father DeVitt was a studious man, better suited for re- 
search than for the duties of a public functionary. His main 
accomplishment while rector aptly reflects his real love in life, 
for he devoted almost all of his energies to the improvement 



y . li ■' / 



I^{ tl- 






I ^^ ^ A-l ^i L^f'fy.^, iLl -<Y 



1} 



fL T-. 



^"1^ 1 ~x</. 



^^f-^^<;Vcv^ 



I 






iv< , L rs 1^^ fi 



/ 



tjs/ 



•j uk'i, /.^ jO'c AJt/tc^ /^^ ^'^^c 



>-• ^'^1 ' . '\^r.:i c 7.^., V 



L 

This sample of Father Fulton's handwriting vividly illus- 
trates the severe rheumatoid pains he encountered in 
penning even the shortest note. 



35 




The library, Old Boston College. 

of the library. The first gifts to this library had been made a 
full decade before the birth of the college. In 1853 Rev. J. C. 
Shaw, S.J., contributed a small but valuable collection which 
he had acquired while traveling abroad. 

A second patron of the Boston College library was Col. 
Daniel S. Lamson of Weston, Massachusetts, who gave one 
third of his personal library to the college. In 1865 he also 
transferred to the Trustees of Boston College a Proprietor's 
Share of the Boston Athenaeum which he had inherited from 
his father. 

In 1875 a secular priest, Rev. Stanislas Buteux, bequeathed 
his collection of five thousand volumes to Boston College. 
The gift assumed great sentimental value when it was learned 
that the donor had been an invalid throughout much of his 
life and in personal financial difficulties a great part of the 
time. He had gathered the books with a discriminating eye 
and at great personal sacrifice, with the intention of one day 
presenting them to the Jesuit Fathers, so that he could have 
some small part in helping to continue the fine education 
for which they were renowned. The acquisition supplied a 
full line of literature on slavery, the Civil War, and educa- 
tion, as well as a badly needed backlog of the best in period- 
icals. 



^■""-^S. 








^B 


1, 


Jj^PmBbI^vV*^^ 





Another priest of the Boston Archdiocese, Father Manasses 
P. Dougherty, left the college a personal library rich in Irish 
history and biography. In 1882 the library acquired from the 
estate of Robert Morris, Esq. a large number of volumes on 
English and American Literature, which up until that point 
had been sadly lacking. At about this time it was decided 
that the college was secure enough financially to allow the 
administration to allot a modest budget for the purpose of 
acquiring new books. Before this the library had been almost 
totally dependent upon the generosity of patrons. 

Father DeVitt found this accumulation of some 22,000 
books shelved in two rooms. He promptly began updating 
the card index and purchasing books whenever investigation 
proved that a department was weak. By the end of his term, 
he was able to report that the college was in possession of 
28,319 volumes "arranged in 137 cases, distributed over three 
rooms." This represented an increase of over 25% in four 
short years. 

Father DeVitt also undertook an expansion of the science 
departments. A chronicler in the Woodstock Letters gives an 
idea of the innovations he brought about and an excellent 
insight into the rigorous science course of that period: 

A roomy cabinet has been added to the new science 
lecture rooms. Several additions to the collection of 
instruments have been made during the year, among 
them a fine Polariscope, imported from Paris. The 
class of astronomy used the telescope very frequently 
during the year. This instrument, made by Clark last 
year, will be employed in the study of variable stars. 
Physics, mechanics, chemistry, astronomy, and geol- 
ogy seem to be a rather heavy task for the young 
intellects, to be taught during the graduating year, 
and a change, therefore, is now being contemplated. 

In 1890 the college debating society took the name, the 
Fulton Debating Society, in honor of its founder, the recently 
departed rector. The next year saw the organization of a 
school orchestra and a dramatic society called the Boston Col- 
lege Athenaeum. In 1892 a natural history club called the 
"Agassiz Association" was formed under the direction of 
Father Fullerton. 

Athletic interest, meanwhile, continued to grow. Students 
at Boston College made frequent visits to the rector in 1889 
and 1890, seeking permission to establish a football team. The 
interclass games had given impetus to the sport, and in 1891 
a delegation led by Joseph O'Connell '93 and Joseph Drum 

The recreation room, Old Boston College. 



Reverend Edward I. Devitt, S.J., 
ninth President of Boston College 

(1891-1894). 




36 




m-mm'' 



'94 finally received sanction to field a team. O'Connell served 
as captain of the first two "elevens," which were run on an 
informal basis. 

In 1893 football was officially recognized on James Street. 
At least six games, and probably more, were played by this 
squad. In an auspicious debut for the fledgling Boston Col- 
lege unit, the season opened with a 4-0 victory over St. John's 
Institute, at that time a power in amateur circles. The Maroon 
and Gold climaxed the season by defeating Boston Univer- 
sity 10-6, the first encounter in a long and important rivalry. 
One of the standouts of the '93 squad was Allie Gleason, who 
at 5' 2" and 120 pounds was the smallest player in Boston 
College football annals. 

A major innovation occurred in 1894 when for the first time 
a paid coach was hired— William Nagle from Mount St. 
Mary's. The year 1896 witnessed the birth of one of the na- 
tion's greatest sports rivalries, as Captain Joe Walsh, one of 
B.C.'s All-Time centers, led Boston to 6-4 and 8-6 decisions 
over the Holy Cross Purple. The outcome of the second con- 
test has been disputed by authorities of both colleges to the 
present day. The Boston Globe of November 15, 1896 carried 
the following story on the mix-up: 



A view of tlie college from James Street after the alterations of 1890 were completed. 




.*f'.va 



Four minutes before time was called, young McGrath 
(B.C.) started around right end, but Sockalexis 
(H.C.) brought up the blockers and brought the 
little fullback down behind the line. A squabble fol- 
lowed, and McGrath, taking advantage of it, ran to 
the goal line for a touchdown. Holy Cross would not 
allow it and the officials upheld the visitors. Referees 
Clarkson and Dadmun called for play, and as B.C., 
arguing for the touchdown, did not line up in two 
minutes, the officials told Captain Finn that Boston 
had refused to play, and Holy Cross was declared the 
winner, 6-4. Then the Worcester team cheered Boston 
College and left the field. Captain Walsh here re- 
monstrated, stating that he had not refused to play. 
Mr. Clarkson then sent two men to the Holy Cross 
Tally-ho, but as neither of them were officials. Holy 
Cross refused to come back. . . . The umpires finally 
told Boston College to put the ball in play and an- 
other touchdown was scored by White. 

On July 16, 1894, Fr. Timothy Brosnahan, S.J., succeeded 
Father DeVitt as president and rector of the college. The new 
rector was chosen from the ranks of the teaching faculty, on 
which he had served four years as a scholastic and three years 
as a priest. Father Brosnahan threw himself energetically 
into his new role and immediately revised and upgraded the 
curriculum. The students recalled him as "the man who in- 
troduced philosophical psychology and the ninety-hour chem- 
istry lab requirement." Father also proved himself an ex- 
tremely capable financier in his handling of the scholarship 
funds and the general income of the college. 

In 1894 he proposed that there be an intercollegiate debate 
between Boston College and Georgetown. What is now com- 
monplace was then a rare treat. Permission had to be received 
from the Rector of Georgetown, the Provincial, and the bis- 
hop. It is an interesting note on the morals of the time that 
the prime consideration was that, in order to avoid scandal, 
the Georgetown men would have to be shepherded every inch 
of the five hundred miles between the schools by a Jesuit 
Father. It may seem incomprehensible to us that three college 
students could not make this short journey on their own, 
but Father Brosnahan's words are a testament to the close 
care they received: 



I asked that three boys be allowed to come and 
promised that they should be given quarters at the 
College and consequently all appearance of undue 
liberty be taken away. They are to come direct from 
Georgetown to Boston and to return in a like manner. 
This is important, because if anything should happen 
to give grounds for complaint, the scheme would end 
with its beginning. 

Finally, in May, 1895, the much heralded and long awaited 
event took place. The Georgetown men arrived under the 
watchful eye of Father DeVitt, and no undue liberty was 
allowed them. Debating "The Equity of the Income Tax Law 
as Passed by the Last Congress," the Georgetown men carried 
the field and returned home with their chastity unmarred, 
while the Woodstock Letters reports that "the philosophic 
Bostonians found consolation in the fact that victory still 
remained in the Society." 

Five days after the great debate, on May 6, 1895, the Trus- 
tees of Boston College gave the rector permission to purchase 
a small brick apartment house at 39 Newton Street, and the 
following March the college acquired the adjoining structure 
at 41 Newton Street. That summer it was decided that it 
would be more convenient to move The Young Men's Catholic 
Association to this new site, thus keeping the actual teaching 
facilities of the college within the same building, while giving 
the association a building all its own. 

Having expanded the actual classroom space, Father Brosna- 
han turned his attention to the need for an athletic field. In 
June of 1898 he proposed to the college trustees that they 
purchase a lot on Massachusetts Avenue a short distance from 
the college. By the end of the month, college officials had 
contacted the estate of Oakes A. Ames and had bought up 
some 402,000 square feet of land. 

When the news that an athletic field had been acquired was 
released to the student body, the Stylus exulted: "There is 
nothing that brings greater joy to all than the final crowning 
of the efforts for an athletic field." The students were led to 
believe that the land would be cleared by the following spring 
and made into a baseball diamond with a track running 
around the perimeter, but their hopes were short-lived. For 
two years the brambles and goldenrod precluded any chance 



Eighth Annual Prize Debati: 
The Eulton Debating Society. ^^o^t@n College 

" sriould the Llnited ^SMfc^fftervene to terminate tl^e 

COI^iet n^U TUESDAY, RPRIL 27, IR97, 

At eight o'cloci? P. M . 
NO HDMITTANCE DURINCl THE DCRATE. «. 



Reverend Timothy Brosnahan, S.J., 
tenth President of Boston College 
(1894-1898). 



One of the Fulton Debate Society's timeless topics. 




38 



The 1896 football team 
which whipped the Cross 
twice in the same year. 




of using the Massachusetts Avenue lot. The sports editor of 
the Stylus moaned: "The same heavy drawback, the lack of 
a suitable field for preliminary practice, stares the baseball 
team in the face. . . . Once again there is strong likelihood 
that it will not be used for baseball purposes . . . during 
this spring." 

In 1900 the president, Father Mullan, announced to the 
alumni that the reason for the long delay was that it would 
cost at least 1 15,000 to clear and grade the land. This sum 
was totally out of the question unless a gift were made for 
the purpose. The gift was not forthcoming; the field lay 
athletically fallow for another two years. 

In June of 1898, when Father Brosnahan had just com- 
pleted arrangements for the new athletic field, he received 
word that he was being transferred. The new rector, the soft- 
spoken yet courageous Father Mullan, spent the summer 



rearranging and beefing up the existing courses. With the 
opening of classes, students found that three completely 
distinct departments now existed within the institution: the 
college proper, consisting of four regular classes leading to 
the A. B. degree; the academic department, consisting of three 
classes preparatory to the college course; and the English de- 
partment, consisting of graded classes in which English, 
modern languages, and the sciences were studied. A section 
was also set up to teach those not old enough or well enough 
prepared to enter the academic department. 

A year later, Father Mullan announced that efforts were 
being made to acquire an endowment which would enable 
the college to hire lay professors. Financial considerations had 
long excluded any but the unsalaried clergy from teaching. 
On that occasion he also promised that every effort would be 
made to expand the facilities of the school. Under the present 



"Vous insultez ma mere, chapeau has devant elle.' 
the B.C. French Academy. 



From Les En f ants d' Edward, performed by 



Reverend W. J. Read Mullan, S. J., 
eleventh President of Boston College 
(1898-1903). 




SHAKESPEARE'S 

IMACBETH 



PRESENTED BY 



Students of Boston Colkge 




BOSTON COLLEGE HALL 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday Evening, 
December twentieth, eight o'clock 
Eighteen hundred and ninety-nine 



conditions no more than 40 additional students could be 
added to the 460 already enrolled. 

Father Mullan was justly proud of the academic standards 
which he was constantly improving, so his normally calm 
blood must have boiled when Harvard University withdrew 
the name of Boston College from the list of institutions whose 
graduates would be admitted as regular students at the Har- 
vard Law School. Behind this move there lay a Harvard 
tradition of accepting no other degree as equal to its own. 
Each applicant for advanced studies was screened and placed 
where the Harvard officials felt he ought to begin. Hence it 
was often necessary for graduates of other schools to make 
up one or two years of undergraduate training before being 
admitted to the graduate school. Harvard Law adopted its 
own variation of this ruling in 1894 and drew up a list of 
approved colleges from which students would be accepted 
directly into the Law School, while students from all other 
colleges would be individually screened. Only one Jesuit 
college, Georgetown, made the list. Boston College and Holy 
Cross immediately protested on the grounds that their course 
of studies was exactly the same as Georgetown's. The list was 
revised so that the two schools' names appeared on it. In 
early 1898 Fordham College appealed on the same grounds, 
and a revised list was again drawn up. This time, however, 
not only was Fordham's name omitted, but also the names of 
Boston College and Holy Cross. 

Father Afullan leaped into the fray and demanded to know 
why Boston College students were being slighted. Dr. Charles 
Eliot, President of Harvard, replied: 

We found on inquiry that the graduates of Boston 
College . . . would not be admitted even to the 
Junior class of Harvard College. . . . Furthermore, 
we have had experience at the law school of a con- 
siderable number of graduates of . . . Boston College 
and these graduates have not as a rule made good 
records at the school. 

Father Mullan immediately asked for a meeting of repre- 
sentatives of the two colleges. Dr. Eliot agreed and sent Dr. 
Vonjagemann and a number of others to a conference with 



J©EPOHT <^/ /o^ ^« 9^<,^M ^... 



j/89 



MARKS: 100, Highest Average Attainable; 100-93, Excellent; 92-85, Very Good; 84-7S, Good ; 74-65, Fair ; 64-55, Poor; 54-0, Deficient. 
AN AVERAGE of 60 Is required for ANNUAL PROMOTION. 



PROFICIENCY. 



ABSENT, DAYS. 



CONDUCT. 



MENTAL PHILOSOPHY, 
PHYSICS, 

The Parent will please sign and return. 



:ls 



/L-^Hi^K^ 



(?^.JLc\/v^^ yJ 



f 



40 



the Jesuits. Von Jagemann denied that Harvard College 
rated any institution and insisted that each case was a separate 
one. It was then discovered that only four men from Boston 
College had attended Harvard Law within the preceding ten 
years, of whom two had completed the course of studies. 
Father Mullan asked why there was any list at all if each 
student was really an individual case and also wondered 
whether the good doctor thought that four students constitut- 
ed a "considerable number of graduates of . . . Boston College" 
upon which to base a judgment. Dr. Eliot did not reply. The 
next month, on January 17, 1900, Dr. Eliot published a 
letter saying that he had no intention of discrediting Catholic 
institutions as such and then promptly ended with a blast 
against all Jesuit colleges: 

We would be heartily glad ... if the Jesuit colleges 
would so amplify their courses of instruction, and 
raise their standards of admission, that they could be 
fairly put upon a level with such institutions as 
Dartmouth, Amherst, Williams, Harvard, Lafayette, 
Oberlin, Rutgers, Trinity (Conn.) , and Wesleyan 
(Conn.) . 

On this level, in the judgement of Harvard Uni- 
versity, the Jesuit Colleges in the United States do 
not stand and have never stood. 

Father Mullan was justifiably wild with anger. He promptly 
wrote and asked the Doctor if he had any facts "other than 
the ones which you have already set down and had refuted" 
to prove this new statement. Dr. Eliot replied that he wished 
to terminate the correspondence. He added that an answer 
to Father's request "would involve my making a detailed state- 
ment concerning the inferiority of Jesuit Colleges," which, 
in his opinion, "would serve no good purpose at the time." 



Father Mullan promptly retorted: "You have said that 
Jesuit Colleges are inferior. I have asked you to tell me why 
you say that Boston College is inferior. You are not only 
unwilling to answer my question, but unwilling to even give 
me a chance to reply to your imputation." 

To this Dr. Eliot replied that he would not issue a public 
statement of his reasons, but would convey them to Father 
on a personal basis. Father righteously answered that this 
was unfair: ". . . You have damned Boston College before 
the community, and you intend to make it impossible for 
Boston College to defend itself before the community." 

Father Brosnahan, the recently retired president of Boston 
College, watched the early stages of this controversy very 
closely. Since he was no longer the official leader of the college, 
there was little else he could do. Nevertheless, he still itched to 
get into the fight. His opportunity came in late 1889 when 
Dr. Eliot published an article in the Atlantic Monthly which 
encouraged the formation of colleges without stipulated 
courses of studies. In his praise of the elective system he took 
time out to take the Jesuit colleges to task. 

Another instance of a uniform prescribed education 
may be found in the curriculum of the Jesuit col- 
leges, which has remained almost unchanged for four 
hundred years, disregarding some trifling concessions 
made to the natural sciences . . . Nothing but an 
unhesitating belief in the Divine Wisdom of such 
prescriptions can justify them, for no human wisdom 
is equal to contriving a prescribed course of study 
equally good for even two children of the same 
family . . . Uniform prescriptions of study are absurd 
and impossible." 

Father Brosnahan took up the challenge on behalf of the 
Jesuit system of education and promptly submitted a rebuttal 



Some dippings from the great Harvard-Boston College dispute. 



mmn hiad 

Cim A BIGOT 

Ciiainpion of kwX CollegASL 
Makes Attack. 



IPresideat Eliot in R«p!y San He Only 
Men \» Imt Standard 
ia [nstitslioBs. 



AMBRffK^i- J 



President Eiiot'sReply 
to Dr. Barnes. 

"Jesu't Ccl!c--s Are 
Not A ;iVi;ndng," 




The Law Scaooi Bars 
T: eir Gradu:.tes. 



n 



i. Eli! 

iFmf." 

So Says Rev. W. G. 
Reai Mullan. 

"Facts and Conclu- 
sions Wrong." 

Had Criticise i Jesuit 
Curriculum. 




PRESIDENT EUOT AMD JESUIT COUBOES : 
A DBFEHCE. 

BY UBV. TIMOTHY BKOHMAHAN, H. J.i WOODSTOCK COL- 
LXOI, WOODHTOCK, MD. 

I. 

Mr. CharlM W. Eliot, pMsUemt of Harvard Unlver- 
gity, published Home time ago, In the AtUwtie UmMy, 
an article advocating the extension of his elective lya- 
tern to leoondary or high KhooU. Before diMnia^og 
his subject he »aw fit to transgreee the proper acope o^ 
his paper, as indicated by ita Utie, in order to express 
his views on Moslem and lesnit ooUeges. What 
peculiar association of ideas is reapomdble for the 
yoking of Moslems and Jesuits in the same educational 
category it would )>e unprofitable to inquire, since 
it is a question of merely personal psychology. The 
present writer, having no brief for the Moslems, is 
concerned only with the strictures on the Jesuit sys- 
tem. Thwe he thinks are nnfounded, singularly in- 
exaict, and merit attention solely tKm the fact that 
they are the prononncanents of a man standing big^ 
in his profeadon. 

The convictions of one holding the position of the 
premdent of Harvard Dnlverdty will naturally carry 
weight in educational matters. Preddent Eliot has 
been at the head of one of our most prominent uni- 
vfttaities for over thirty yrttfs. It is no doubt due 
Urgdy to his executive ability that the institution 
which he lias governed so long has been so successful 
financially, and rectaved that organisation to which it 
owes, in part at least, its present popularity. It wil 
be presumed, therefore, that he has made himself ac- 
quainted with a system of education which be thinkgl 
proper to critidze publicly. It will scarcely be expected 
(hat an educator of hU pro minence would thought 
lessly, or under the stress of any undue feeling, com- 
mit himself in a magazine article to adverse comments 
on a system which he did not deem worth his study. 
Presndent Eliot's estinaate of the Jesuit system is ex- 
pressed in thf^ following passage in his paper : " There 
are those who'say that there should be no election of 
studies in secondary schools. . . . This is pre- 
cisely the method followed in Moslem countries, where 
the Koran* prescribes the perfect education to he ad- 
ministered to all children alike. The prescription 
begins in the primary schools <nd extends straight 
through the tiniverRity ; and almost the only menta. 



of many colleges wholly independent of the Jesuits.are 
condemned. In fact, if the principles of " electivism " 
must be applied to the education of every child of 
'%ight years and upward, it looks as if the president of 
Harvard had rung the death knell of all system, not 
only for colleges and high schools but for primary 
schools as well; and we shall yet witness the ex- 
hilarating spectacle of " tots " of eight or ten years of 
age gravely electing their courses under the guidance, 
or rather with the approval, of their nurses. 

The state of the question as regards Jesuit colleges 
may be clearer, if attention is directed to a distinction 
which the present General of the Society of Jesus 
thought it advisable to emphasize in an address deliv. 
ered by him at Exaeten in HoUand on Jan. 1, 1S93. 
He warns his hearers not toconfound the Jesuit mdhod 
of studies with the matter to which that method is ap- 
plied. For the first heclidmed stability, to the second 
he conceded cltange. The distinction is, of course, 
obvious, but not necessarily always present to those 
who discuss Jesuit or other systnns of education. 
Now, I understand President Eliot to disapprove of 
our method in so far as be advocates the elective sys- 
tem of Harvard, and to maintain Uiat even in the sub- 
jects studied the Jesuit system has adhered to the 
curriculum of four hundred years ago, excepting^ some 
slight conoesrions to the natural sciences. 

There is one way and only one way of investigating 
the truth of this last assertion. It is ptirely a question 
of &ct8. The records are published. He who .Tins 
may read. In the second, fifth, ninth, and sixteenth 
volumes of the ifomimenta Germanise Paedagogica the his- 
tory of the formation and growth of the Jesuit sys- 
tem, finally embodied authoritatively in the Hatio 
StutKorum of 1899, is given in all its details. One who 
wishes to find the facts need only contrast the studies 
indicated by the old Ratio Studionm with the studies 
taught today in the various collies of the Jesuits in 
various countries. One has only to compare, for in- 
stance, the programme of studies at Georgetown Col- 
lege in Washington, at StonyhuratCollege in England, 
at Feldkirch in Austria, at Kalocsa in Hungary, at 
Beyrouth in Syria, at the Ateneo Municipal in Manila, 
at Zi-ka-wei in China, in order to ^et a (reneral, yet » 
fair, idea of the studies pursued in the Jesuit roUeses 
of today. By contrasting the courses employed in 
these colleges with those emploveii in the seventeenth 
century' we may decide the question of fact. Whetner 
our recent critic made an investigation of tliis kind or 
somc'lhiiiK ei|Uiviileiit 1 Imve no means of kiioHiii!^. 



the author read in accordance with the scope of the 
class. The character of the class was determined, 
however, not by the authors read, but rather the 
authors were selected in keeping with the purpose of 
the class. In this connection, it may not be out of 
place to note a fallacy which the writer from personal 
experience knows to obtain in places where one would 
judge it IJtUe likely to be found. The fallacy conilstt 
in measuring the grade of a class in a college conrst, 
by the author studied in that class. A mistake of this 
kind would indicate a very confused notion of edoei- 
tional ends. It ought to be quite clear ttiat Cecair's 
Commentaries, for instance, studied in the firet year 
of a high school, for the purpose of aoiulring a liitin 
vocabulary, and a knowledge of Latin constmctioB 
and idiom, is a vastiy diflerent thing from the study 
of the sameJCommentaries by a'.lKidy of young men, 
familiar with the Latin language and of some matoaty 
of mind, in order to acquire a knowledge of historical 
style; that Homer's Iliad, studied by the hif^-sdiool 
boy with one eye fixed on grammar and dictionary, is 
anotiierbook &om that same Iliad, when read by a 
ooUege student, in order to feel its epic power. Yet, 
undoubtedly, any one acquainted with the m echsni w l 
way of measuring class grades which is widdy pma- 
lent, at least in certain parts of this country, must 
confess that even those, who by thar position ooght 
to know the purpose of education, will attempt to 
determine a student's grade by the author he studied, 
and not by the end he had in view when stodyiag 
that author, the method of studying, and the conse- 
quent mental results.* The scope of these three 
classes, therefore, is a distinct thing from the studies, 
or authors, which the Jesuit educators of the seven- 
teenth century used to attain their end. Keeping i 
these precautionary remarks in view, it is admitted ! 
that the twenty-five hours a week, constituting the ! 
class work of Jesuit schools in the seventeenth ce«- 1 
tnry, were practically devoted to the excluMve study | 
of Latin and Greek. i 

With these twenty-five hours a week employed ia ] 
the studies of Latin and Greek, let us contrast the , 
studies and hours in the Jesuit college of today. For 
brevity's sake I take one .\uierican college. Geonw- 
town r Diversity iu its loUejiiate department exacts; 
twenty-seven au.l a half hours a week of class woit; 
from every student who is a candidate for a loUege de- 
gree. But instead of one huiulre^l per cent, of this 
time l)eing pven lo I.atin and <Jr(>tk as in the schoob 
of t!'e seveiiteentli oenlivrx . only about lifly-threepw 



Father Brosnahan's reply to Dr. Eliot, President of Harvard. 



1 11 1. I '"I 

itered 'o^ Boston College' 
Wen kgm\ Pros Elio!. 

jasons Mvanced mi Gclleia is 
Not on Pfivileseil List. 

)r Francis J. Barnes Says Mosl ot 
the Favored Ones on the List 
Have a Non-Catholie Tendency 
^Graduates are to Labor V. itb 
the Authorities of Harvard. 




PPAT. rrr.irr_VR\ 




\m; Mm Colleia is Not 
On \k Privileged List. 

1 Law Sctiool Autliority Savs Tliere is 
No Religious Mm. 

1 .Statement Tliat the ^.■-.Iholic Cnl- 
lo-es Do N.it M^:'l the T:Muf.- 
tional Rer|uiri;in.iUs of Hn-v.ii-'l 
, (ic'>r^.:t.A,ij iiirl NuLi-o Oanio 
Aru E.\cM_-j.tii.us ]'y,:i' I'AioVs 
SlaltineiU. 



to the Atlantic. The editor of the magazine refused the manu- 
script on the grounds that the Atlantic "does not publish 
articles in controversy." Such a statement gives one a picture 
of the power and stature which Dr. Eliot held in educational 
circles. He had attacked the Jesuit system and, once he had 
spoken, controversy supposedly ceased. While other educators 
were cowed by his bold statements, Father Brosnahan deter- 
mined that he would not follow suit. He turned to the Cath- 
olic press and had his reply printed in the Sacred Heart 
Review, then reprinted in a pamphlet for distribution 
throughout the country. 

Critics greeted the essay with overwhelming enthusiasm, and 
Father Brosnahan was hailed from coast to coast for the 
efficiency with which he had dismissed the arguments of Dr. 
Eliot. The editor of the Bookman, Prof. T. T. Peck of 
Columbia, commented in print: 

It is a model of courtesy and urbanity ... Its style 
is clear as crystal, ... its logic faultless. We have not 
in a very long time read anything which compacts 
into so small a compass so much dialectic skill, so 
much crisp and convincing argument, and so much 
educational good sense ... As the information would 



probably never reach [Dr. Eliot] from Harvard 
sources, we may gently convey to him the information 
that throughout the entire country professional edu- 
cators and men and women of cultivation generally 
are immensely amused at the cleverness with which 
his alleged facts and his iridescent theories have been 
turned into a joke. 

Father expected a salvo from Cambridge, but none was 
forthcoming. He gave numerous talks on the topic and dis- 
cussed in minute detail "the relative values of courses which 
lead to a Baccalaureate at Boston College and at Harvard 
College." Once again, the press was enthusiastic in its reviews 
of these talks and in Boston the Globe published the full 
text of his speech. Still there was silence in Cambridge. The 
last volley was fired when Father Mullan presented the entire 
content of his correspondence with Dr. Eliot for publication. 
The very logic and system of education which Dr. Eliot so 
roundly condemned had defeated him. 

In the midst of the academic storm, sports at Boston College 
set new records, and then met total disaster. The greatest 
Boston College football team of the '90s, and one of the 
strongest in B.C. history, was that of '99, scored upon but 
once in ten games and then only by a Brown team which was 
one of the six best in the country. Led by Ail-Time greats 
Charlie Kiley and Tim Murphy, Boston compiled an 8-1-1 
record, including a 17-0 whipping of Holy Cross. Unfortu- 
nately, Boston College was desperately poor at the time, and 
sports were run at a great loss. As a result, the authorities 
decided that they could not afford to sponsor a football team 
and the entire schedule for 1900 was cancelled. In spite of 
this decision, courageous Captain John Kelly gathered his 
team together and went by boat to Maine, where B.C., under 
the name of the Boston Combination, defeated Bates by a 
5-0 score. This was the only game played by the team of 
1900, however, for, after fruitless discussions with the presi- 
dent, the club was disbanded. 

Athletics were re-established the following year on a pay- 
as-you-go basis, but the quality of the football team was far 
below that of previous years. In a noteworthy incident, the 
game with Holy Cross was forfeited after an argument over 
a questionable decision. According to 1901 rules, a ball was 
in play as soon as it was moved. Joe Kenney, B.C. center, 
watched his opponent place the ball down. Then Kenney 
pushed the ball with his toe, and a mad scramble for the 
pigskin ensued. During the argument that followed, the Holy 
Cross coach ordered his team off the field. The B.C. eleven 
lined up and carried the ball unopposed over the goal line, 
Captain Kenney still claiming that his play was within his 
rights. The referee, who, it must be noted in due justice, 
was a Holy Cross man, ruled otherwise, and the game was 
awarded to the Purple, 11-0. This decision caused the only 
major rift in the entire seven decades of B.C.-H.C. relations, 
but before another pigskin season had rolled around, the 
wounds were healed and the teams met again in football. 

Contrary to the desires of the student body, football was 
not played at the college from 1902 until 1908. For the fol- 
lowing four years the school fielded only mediocre teams, 
but the little college on James Street was building well for 
the future. 

Hockey, or Ice Polo as it was then called, one of the first 
sports at James Street, had begun informally in the 1880's and 
was played until the turn of the century. Ice Polo was much 
the same as modern hockey with two notable exceptions: a 



rubber ball was used instead of a puck, and polo sticks were 
shaped differently from the modern hockey stick. Hockey, 
under its new name, was inaugurated at Boston College 
during the winter of 1897-1898, just one year after the 
Maroon and Gold had compiled a spectacular record on the 
Ice Polo rinks. The subsequent change in Boston College 
administration, however, brought a new president who was 
not favorable to intercollegiate athletics. With the curtailment 
of all sports in 1900, hockey was completely dropped, and 
nothing definite was done toward restoring it until the 
college moved to University Heights in 1913. 

The earliest records of baseball at Boston College refer to 
contests played in the '70's during school picnics at Miller's 
Field, Roxbury, near what is now the Dudley Street Terminal. 
Line-ups for the games frequently included the name of 
Dennis Sullivan, a catcher, who was later to be B.C.'s first 
contribution to major league baseball when he played with 

(Continued on page 46) 




Reverend William F. Gan- 
non, S.J., twelfth President of 
Boston College (1903-1906). 




Reverend Thomas I. Gasson, 
College (1907-1914). 



S.J., thirteenth President of Boston 




ominating the rotunda in Gasson Hall is a 
large white marble statue of St. Michael sub- 
duing Satan, which, including the finely sculptured base, 
stands eleven feet, three inches high. The most striking feature 
of the group is its remarkable integral vitality and its feeling 
of frozen motion. St. Michael, brandishing a sword on high, 
hovers airily over the crouching, furious Lucifer. The pose 
of the angel suggests a certain divine placidity: smooth limbs, 
unruffled expression, easy gesture, aloof posture, majestic 
sweep of wing, flowing cape draped over left forearm. The 
devil, surrounded by leaping flames, cuts a sharply antithetical 
figure: snaky tail, smallish, bat-like wings, muscular, straining 
limbs, and a grimace expressing disgruntlement at his unen- 
viable position. The juxtaposition of the two figures is re- 
solved in an artistic synthesis of the highest sophistication, a 
sublime affirmation of the integrity of world order which finds 
a delightfully appropriate analogy in the concept of harmony 
between the Church and the world, so essential and so in- 
sistently propounded in the Jesuit educational system. Even 
the most casual onlooker cannot fail to be impressed by the 
allegorical significance of the symbolic contrast between the 
lofty figure of St. Michael and the low, creeping beast-like 
form of Satan. 

The idea for the sculptured group struck Gardner Brewer, 
a wealthy Boston merchant and art lover, one day in 1863. 
He contacted the noted Italian sculptor Adam de Chevalier 
Scipio Tadolini and offered him a most liberal commission 
to sculpt such a piece. Tadolini readily accepted the generous 
offer of 120,000 (quite a sum in those days) and immediately 
began studies on the subject. After nearly two years of pain- 
staking planning and drafting, Tadolini procured an immense 
single block of the finest Caralla marble and, with a crew of 
highly skilled craftsmen, tackled the demanding subject. 
While his artisans labored feverishly on the figures under 
Tadolini's expert supervision, the maestro himself prepared 
and sculpted the equally imposing companion piece— the 
octagonal pedestal, with its four bassorilievos of Biblical 
scenes concerning Blessed Michael. While the work was in 
progress, Scipio kept a running correspondence with the eager 
purchaser Brewer, informing him of every bit of detail and 
embellishment. Meanwhile, the artistic world of Rome held 
its breath in expectation of Tadolini's capo lavoro. 



When the group was completed in 1869, Scipio's studio 
was mobbed for days with curious visitors and vociferously 
appreciative artists. Outstanding among the many distin- 
guished personages paying due homage to Scipio's artistry was 
His Holiness Pope Pius IX. The good pontiff scrutinized the 
group with a knowing eye, blessed Tadolini, smiled benignly, 
and dropped that oft-quoted tribute, "The devil is not so 
black as he has been painted." Nor was the artistic sensation 
engendered by the group limited to Rome. As Scipio re- 
marked in a letter to Brewer: "The number of foreigners 
who come to see it (the group) is immense." 

Regarding the difficulties involved in the transportation 
of the unwieldly group to Boston, Scipio expressed in the 
same letter preference for a "steam vessel," to minimize injury 
to the marble in the event of an unfortunately rough voyage. 
He also firmly requested fare from Brewer to make the passage 
himself. He felt that his personal presence was indispensable 
to supervise the imloading, remove the supports from the 
marble, affix the wings and sword to Michael, and otherwise 
care lovingly for his creation. As Scipio candidly put it: 
"It is therefore to avoid as far as possible every chance of 
misfortune, in this respect, that I have decided to ask you 
to pay the expenses of my journey both for your and my 
advantage." 

The statue group resided in comparative seclusion in the 
Brewer mansion for several years. Upon the dissolution of 
the estate at Brewer's death, St. Michael and Fiend was 
brought to the auctioneer's block in 1909, where it fetched a 
disappointing $700. The anonymous buyer forthwith do- 
nated the sculpture, in the name of Rev. Charles Lane, S.J., 
to Boston College, where it was to adorn the proposed Recita- 
tion Building on Father Gasson's new Heights. Through the 
spring and summer of 1909, the grotqD was presented to the 
Boston public in one of the old campus buildings on James 
Street, until the Recitation Building (now Gasson Hall) 
was sufficiently completed to house the great work. Amid the 
resurging autumn rush of fresh students, Tadolini's master- 
piece was set in the class building's arching rotunda, and 
for 54 years Michael "refulgent in divine beauty," impassive, 
and grandly indignant in meting out devine justice to the 
Archfiend, has inspired awe in all who behold him, from the 
meekest freshman to the grandest administrator. 



the Boston Nationals. Although the Stylus of May, 1883, 
registered a plea to make baseball intercollegiate, and although 
there are references to a game with Holy Cross in July of 
the same year, the sport did not really develop until Father 
Gasson moved the college to Chestnut Hill in 1913. 

At these same picnics, track also had its humble beginnings 
in three-legged, sack and potato races, father-son relays, rock- 
tossing, and other such spirited field events. 

Athletics received a much-needed boost on July 30, 1903, 
when Rev. William Gannon, S.J., undertook the administra- 
tion of the college. He found that Father Mullan had left 
the academics of the school in superior shape and, in order 
to restore some balance, he sought to bring the opportunities 
for physical exercise up to the same fine level. One of his 
first actions was to prepare the athletic field for daily use, 
thus providing long-awaited practice facilities. He also began 
to stir up interest in sports among the prep-school students, 
so that his later activity on the college level would find strong 
support. 

From 1900 on, the attendance at the college had slowly 
ebbed. No adequate explanation can be provided for this 
phenomenon except perhaps that prospective students may 
have been discouraged because of the barriers Harvard had 
erected to prevent Boston College students from entering any 
of its graduate schools. At any rate, a trend toward recovery 
began shortly before 1906. But even though this augured well 
for the future of the college, it did not compare with the 
impetus which was given by the election of Fr. Thomas 
Gasson, S.J., as President of Boston College. 

Since he took office on January 6, 1907, Boston College has 
never been the same. He had been a teacher at the school 
since 1895, and his ten years of experience must have been 
spent in planning what he would do if he were ever to be- 
come the president! After only two months in office, he ap- 
proached Archbishop Williams about the possibility of mov- 
ing the college to another site. The archbishop was well- 
disposed toward the idea and even magnanimously offered to 
give the site parish rights. Father Gasson had long known of 
the existence of three different parcels of land in the Newton 




Amos Lawrence, owner of the Chestnut Hill property which Boston 
College purchased. This picture was donated by his grandson, the 
Rt. Rev. Frederick C. Lawrence. 



A view across Commonwealth Avenue to the barns of the Lawrence property, 
present site of St. Mary's Hall. 




Looking up from Old Alumni Field to the Lawrence 
family home, present site of Gasson Hall. 




area, which the real estate firm of Meredith and Grew had 
offered for sale as early as 1900. The most appealing of these 
parcels was Amos Lawrence's farm, located on the top of 
Chestnut Hill. According to the letter from Meredith and 
Grew: "It may safely be called the finest piece of land in 
the vicinity of Boston. ... It commands a superb view across 
the water of Brighton and Brookline . . . and seems almost 
intended by nature to be the site of a large institution." The 
two other sites which were offered are now occupied by Mt. 
Alvernia Academy on Waban Hill and St. Elizabeth's Hospital 
on a craggy jjlateau in Brighton. 

In May of 1907, Father Gasson broached his plan to the 
enthusiastic alumni, and a board of advisois was formed im- 
mediately to seek the financial means whereby this vision 
might become a reality. Meanwhile, he was busily renovating 
the old structure for the arrival of a record 500 students in 
September of '07. 

In August of that same year, Archbishop Williams passed 
away, and the throne of the See of Boston was occupied by 
Archbishop William O'Connell, an alumnus of the Harrison 
Avenue-James Street school. He greeted Father Gasson's plan 
for changing the site of the college with the warm approval 
that only an alumnus could have given. 

On November 11, 1907, the Trustees of Boston College 
voted to buy the land in question and further granted Father 
Gasson permission to buy a number of neighboring tracts. 




Father Gasson breaking ground for the Tower Building, June 19, 1909. 



The first great lawn party on University Heights. 



Ktxam all m^n hy tl|pa? prpa^uta 



narc fetl of land 



Colktc at the Cheslnul Hill Re, 



whereof y we hereby record our abiding gratitude. 



^^y "At.-l^T-a.-a.ja-'g^ ^. W-^-^;t--3-*'-w, 




», ' »•> ','',*» 



An informal picnic in 1907 where the library now stands. 




47 




On November 25, they extended the purchase rights to an- 
other tract of land bordering on Beacon Street, Hammond 
Street, and College Road. The college thus found itself in 
possession of some 30 acres, worth an estimated $187,000. 

Father Gasson acted quickly and called a mass meeting at 
the College Hall for the night of January 20, 1908. Alumni 
and friends packed the auditorium's 900 seats, and $50,000 
was raised that night in response to the speakers' pleas. Dr. 
J. F. O'Brien, the chairman and director of the first meeting, 
was so pleased and encouraged by this response that he or- 
ganized another meeting at which an additional |137,000 was 
pledged. A week later, on February 24, the formation of the 
"Boston College Club" was announced, its membership open 
"to those interested in the extension of Boston College." 

On June 20, 1908, the first lawn party for the benefit of 
the new college was held on the Chestnut Hill site. On that 
day, before some 25,000 people who had made the trip "into 
the country," Father Gasson dedicated the new land as 
"University Heights." 

On January 25 of the following year, he announced a 
competition to determine the best general plans for the new 
buildings. The American Institute of Architects supervised 
this contest, in which four prominent local architects were 
invited to compete. First prize of $1000 was offered for the 
best general plan, |500 for the next best general plan, while 
third prize was the commission to design and supervise the 
construction of the Recitation Building. 

On April 12, it was announced that Maginnis and Walsh 
were the winners of the first and third prizes and Edward 
T. P. Graham was the winner of the second prize. The Ma- 
ginnis and Walsh master plan called for a group of 15 
buildings done in the English Collegiate Gothic style. Such 
an architectural style "would blend harmoniously with the 
natural characteristics of the site" and provide an atmosphere 
which would reflect a long tradition of collegiate life. The 
design called for a series of quadrangles lined with trees and 
framed by connecting passageways and parapets. These plans 
were later submitted as part of an exhibition of the Society 
of American Architects which toured the principal cities of 
Europe. The tower has often been favorably compared with 
the spire surmounting Magdalen College at Oxford: both are 
near-perfect embodiments in stone of the educational tradi- 
tions which they represent. 

It was hoped that construction on the Recitation Building 
could begin at once so that it might be finished by the fall 
of 1910. Father Gasson was overjoyed with the plans for this 
building with its great tower topped by four delicate spires. 
It would provide a central line of focus and draw all of the 
other buildings into their proper setting. It is interesting to 
note that, according to the original master plan and the design 
of the Recitation Building, the front of the college was to 



The prize-winning design submitted by Ma- 
ginnis and Walsh to the Boston College 
Competition. 



*^. 



'^^tT^m^''^- ^..--d^ 



A general view of the proposed Boston College ^ 

by Maginnis and Walsh. / 1 




''^V^ J^jgL >^-^<' 




The old tradition of Freshman Rush. 



face the Lawrence reservoir. The present main entrance, 
Linden Lane, was actually intended to be the side door to the 
campus. 

In April of 1909 the Young Men's Catholic Association 
sponsored a gigantic music festival at Mechanics Hall. A 
chorus of four hundred voices was the feature attraction and 
10,000 tickets were sold in advance. The funds realized from 
this venture were turned over to Father Gasson for the con- 
struction of the new building. On June 19, another garden 
party was held on University Heights. This function was 
even more successful than the first one, drawing over thirty 
thousand people in the course of the day. At about 3 p.m. 
Father Gasson strode to the staked-out area and a hush fell 
over the crowd. In his hand he held a ribboned silver spade. 
Addressing the crowd, he spoke the fomaal words of dedication: 
In the name of the august Trinity, the Father, Son, 
and Holy Ghost, in the name of Jesus Christ, Savior 
of the world, and who has given us the only civili- 
zation by which a nation can endure, in the name of 
all that is high and noble, we perform the first act 

The interior of a fashionable Boston store in the early 1900's. 




Bar. 


Thou 


as I. G!iB30n, S.J 




PreG 


iclent Boston Coll 
Harrinon Ave. , 



of this series of tremendous acts which are to result 
in this great blessing for the people of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts. 

He lifted the spade and formally turned the first sod. 

There was at this time a scheme to erect the "Daniel O'Con- 
nell Memorial Building and Irish Hall of Fame." Father Mc- 
Guire of the Immaculate Conception Church had organized 

(Continued on page 52) 



April 15, 1909 



Rev. dear Father; 

We bej to ackno'vled.^e 'Tith i.iany thanks tho 
Tocoipt of yo-. r lotter of April lath, in Thich you inform us of 
tho award to our Firm of rrlzes 1 and 3 on fne Soston College 
Competition. We are especially pleased at th" gracious terms 
in --hich thi- notification is confirmed. Weed we say how sensible 
we aro of 'ho dignity of this Boston Colleae Cornlasionl He have 
felt that our work in the years past hao been conscientiously 
directed towards such an opportunity as this and we should Indeed 
have felt unhappy if it had not come to us. Wc feel all the bettor 
for its having come after a fair struggle. 

We of course, had no expectation that any design 
would Issue from the competition so literally adapted to your needs 
as to permit its being carried out without considerable modification 
and we are, therefore, prepared for considerable amendments In oura. 

We shall be very glad to abide by I-tr. Logue's inter 
pretation of Clause C. of +he Cfimpetit ion, 

"•'ith renewed thinks believe us to be 

Very sincerely yours,. 



Of the twenty two young men who were present for 
the opening of classes at Boston College in Septem- 
ber of 1864, "many came gratuitously and only one 
or two had talent," or at least so observed Rev. Robert 
Fulton, S.J., then prefect of studies and later president of 
the college. 

Robert Fulton "was born June 28, 1826, at Alexandria, 
Virginia, son of an Irish Presbyterian father and a County 
Clare Catholic mother. Educated first at home by his 
mother and then at various private schools, Robert began 
work as a congressional page at the age of twelve. He 
had the opportunity during his four years in the Senate 
chambers to hear and observe the great orators of the 
day: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun. Of the termination of 
his service as a page, Fulton states in his diary: 

After four years, William Henry Harrison came 
into power; Edward Dyer, Sergeant-at-Arms of 
the Senate, notified me that I was too old to re- 
main a page. I believe the real reason for my 
dismissal was my strong Democratic leanings, and 
the fact that Dyer had a favorite young Republi- 
can of his he wished to appoint to the post. My 
happiness was over. My mother could not sup- 
port me, even while I was studying a profession. 



Rev. Rnhcit Fulton. .S,|. (lS2fi-l SOfi) 



REV. ROBERT FULTON, S. J. 

FIRST PREFECT OF STUDIES 
AT BOSTON COLLEGE 




I tried to get some employment and failed. I 
could not be a mechanic. I even attempted dur- 
ing this time to take up the study of medicine, 
aided only by some books and instruments bor- 
rowed from a friendly physician. This venture, 
of course, came to nothing. 

Young Fulton next set his sights on West Point and a 
military career. Lacking the proper credits for entrance 
there, he enrolled at Georgetown as a means of prepara- 
tion. His life there began unhappily because of the em- 
barrassment caused him by his poverty in the midst of 
his wealthy fellow-students. "Why didn't someone teach 
me that poverty was not disgraceful, that the opinions 
of others were not formidable! " But with the passing 
months a new consideration arose which made him forget 
his other concerns: he had become aware of his vocation 
to the religious life. Fulton entered the Jesuit novitiate 
at Frederick, Maryland, on August 31, 1843. It is interest- 
ing to note that Fulton's mother, now widowed and in- 
spired by her son's vocation, later entered the Convent 
of the Visitation in Washington. 

Fulton spent the long years preparing for his ordination 
at St. John's College, Georgetown, Loyola, and Holy Cross 
and was finally ordained at Georgetown by Archbishop 
Francis P. Kenrick on July 25, 1857. After becoming a 
priest he taught rhetoric at Georgeto^vn, until he was 
sent to the Jesuit seminary in Boston in 1861 to teach 
theology and administer Immaculate Conception Church 
on James Street. As one of the most capable young men 
of the Order, he was selected as the first prefect of studies 
at the new Boston College. He was given an opportunity 
to better the quality of the students he had earlier de- 
plored when, on August 2, 1870, Fr. Robert Fulton was 
appointed third president of the college; a glance at the 
college history of the period will show how energetically 
and successfully he served in the post. His tenure came to 
an end almost ten years later, even though the usual term 
of office was only three years. Because of his administra- 
tive abilities. Father Fulton was reappointed eighth presi- 
dent of the college in July of 1888, but was finally forced 
by severe arthritic pain to retire to Hot Springs, Arkansas, 
in 1891. His health failed rapidly and the once dynamic 
Father Fulton succumbed on September 4, 1896. 




Rev. Thomas Gasson, S.J. (1859-1930) 

REV. THOMAS GASSON, S. J. 

SECOND FOUNDER OF BOSTON COLLEGE 

Thomas Ignatius Gasson was born of a Huguenot 
father and a Catholic mother in the tiny village of 
Seven Oaks on the twenty-third day of September, 
1859. Though descended from a long and distinguished 
family, Thomas Gasson could boast no great material 
resources. His first schooling was at St. Stephen's in Lon- 
don, where he pursued academic studies and was given a 
thorough training in Protestant Christianity. After two 
years' tutelage under a minister, Tom followed his brother 
to the United States, where the latter's straitened cir- 
cumstances forced the youth to support himself as best 
he could. 

Thomas's interest in the Catholic Church was awakened 
at this time through the guidance of a poor Catholic 
laywoman. Miss Catherine Doyle, whose kindness and 
assistance were a great comfort to the lonely lad. She 
read the Anglican tracts that he brought her and explained 
to him how they differed from Catholic teaching. When 
his insatiable curiosity began posing too difficult questions, 



she referred him to the local Sacred Heart Convent, and 
got the Mother Superior to assign him a special tutor in 
the fundamentals of the faith. Another Catholic woman, 
Miss Anne McGarvey, despite her limited means, cared 
for Thomas like a mother during this period of instruc- 
tion. His gradual conversion was culminated by his re- 
ception into the Church in October, 1874. 

A year and five weeks lat- 
er, Thomas Gasson joined 
the Society of Jesus at Fred- 
erick, Maryland. His studies 
consisted of the usual two 
years novitiate, followed 
by two years of classical 
studies (plus a special add- 
ed year for outstanding 
work), and then the tradi- 
tional philosophy at Wood- 
stock College. In the sum- 
mer of 1883 his regency 
commenced with three years 
at Loyola College in Balti- 
more, and two more at St. 
Francis Xavier College in 
New York. In August of 
1888 he was selected to pur- 
sue theology studies at Inns- 
bruck University in Austria. 
He was ordained there at the 
University Church on the 
twenty-sixth of July, 1891, 
and remained for another 
year of theology. He then 
taught metaphysical poetry 
for two years to the juniors 
at Frederick, before devot- 
ing a year there to further 
studies in ascetical theology. 

In August, 1895, Father 
Gasson came to Boston Col- 
lege, on assignment to teach the juniors metaphysics and 
ethics; two years later he was made a professor in those 
fields. He was appointed President of Boston College on 
the sixth of January, 1907, and immediately manifested 
great desire for the development and expansion of the 
college. Through his indefatigable efforts and monu- 
mental undertakings, the campus was moved to the 
Heights; St. Mary's Hall and Gasson Hall (renamed in 
his honor in 1954) were the happy fruits of his careful 
planning and intense interest. 

As President of Boston College, Father Gasson also 
assumed duties as Rector of the Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, and served both college and Church well 
until 1914, when he was succeeded in both capacities by 
Rev. Charles W. Lyons, S.J. He was then made dean of 
Georgtown's graduate school; in 1923 he became retreat 
master at Mount Manresa on Long Island. He was later 
instrumental in establishing Jesuit university education 
in Canada. Father Gasson also lectured exhaustively on 
historical, philosophical, and economic subjects through- 
out the United States and contributed frequently to re- 
ligious and educational periodicals. He died in Montreal 
on the twenty-seventh of February, 1930. 




The southern approach to Gasson Hall shortly 
after completion. 




all of the Irish societies in the Boston area and had accumu- 
lated enough money to hire an architect to design the build- 
ing. These people hoped to build this domed edifice on the 
site of the present library and donate it to the college. But 
when it was seen that the Irish societies could by no means 
begin to collect the necessary $300,000, the plan was dropped, 
and all of the funds acquired up to that time were turned 
over to Father Gasson. 

The fall term of 1909 was routine at Harrison Avenue; the 
situation at Chestnut Hill was anything but. For weeks the 
sound of falling trees and dynamite blasts shook the locality. 
The basement was blasted out of solid rock, which was then 
cut up and prepared for use in the walls. As the work pro- 
gressed, it became evident that costs were spiraling upward 
beyond the wildest expectations. No large gifts were forth- 
coming and the only means of support were the collections 
at the Immaculate Conception Church. As things became 
more desperate, the Fathers' Mass stipends were pooled and 
soon the entire Jesuit community began living on a very frugal 
basis. At one point construction was actually stopped and the 
completed work covered over until the necessary funds could 
be accumulated to enable the project to progress. A little over 
a year after the work began. Father Gasson's administrative 
assistant wrote: "Gasson saw all too clearly that unless the 
unforeseen happened, the building would never reach com- 
pletion. The winter of 1910 saw him face to face with failure." 

Father Gasson finally appealed to his superiors in Rome for 
permission to sell the athletic fields on Massachusetts Avenue. 
They were agreeable to this transaction and so in March of 
1911 the Trustees of Boston College authorized the sale of 
these lands to a utility company. Father Gasson, with his 
financial condition now somewhat improved, instructed the 
contractors to resume work as soon as possible. On May 11 
work was begun again. At the end of the summer the tower 
was completed, and by mid-October all of the heavy masonry 
work had been finished. It was hoped that the cornerstone 
might be laid the following spring, but again all hopes were 
frustrated by dwindling funds and various strikes. 

The Harrison Avenue school, meanwhile, had reached its 



all-time enrollment record with 1000 students, a 100% in- 
crease since Father Gasson took office in 1906. That same year 
the Stylus had the pleasure of quoting the rector's comments 
concerning an attempt on the part of another local university 
to buy part of the Chestnut Hill grounds: "I have refused 
an enormous and magnificent sum— a sum which would erect 
a number of our proposed buildings— if I would part with a 
portion of our grounds. But I concluded that if our site was 
so good and fitting for other institutions, it was worthy of 
Boston College." 

Throughout the winter of 1911-12, work on the interior of 
the tower building continued. The heating and wiring were 
all in place, and arrangements were being made for the use 
of stained glass in the assembly hall (the present treasurer's 
office) . Plans were made to move into the new structure by 
the following spring, but once again there were "unforeseen 
delays," a term which by now was becoming a by-word in 
the Stylus's description of progress on the Heights. While all 
of these plans were being executed. Father Gasson was also 
busy expanding the curriculum of the college. In response 
to requests by many prominent men of Boston, he and Father 
Fortier began giving lectures in philosophy and professional 
ethics. Father Fortier insisted that something more than casual 
attendance could be obtained if the lectures were so arranged 
that papers, examinations, and finally credit could be given 
to those who wished to obtain a Master of Arts degree. Father 
Gasson liked the idea, and so the first of a series of post- 
graduate courses was set up. Meanwhile, the Young Men's 
Catholic Association took it upon themselves to provide classes 
for those who were not well enough prepared for these post 
graduate lectures. A large number of adults were thus able 
to continue or complete their college education which for 
one reason or another had been interrupted. The success of 
the program was never in doubt, and in 1913 nineteen M.A. 
degrees were conferred, with 42 more being granted the fol- 
lowing year. At the end of 1914, the new rector. Father Lyons, 
was forced to discontinue the program because of faculty, 
library, and financial problems. The question of graduate 
classes was not taken up again until after World War I. 



Throughout the winter and early spring of 1913, the work 
on the interior of the Recitation Building continued. The 
plasterers had finished their work in December and the four 
month waiting period before mural decoration could begin 
passed quickly. Father Gasson had secured the services of 
Brother Francis C. Schroen, S.J., for the task of decorating. 
When the painter-brother arrived in March to begin the 
magnificent work which now adorns the Tower Buildings, 
the papers accompanied the news of his arrival with an an- 
nouncement that classes would open on Chestnut Hill by 
the end of the month. It was decided, however, that the en- 
tire student body should not be moved at once, since many 
of the facilities were still undergoing construction and there 
was as yet no adequate place to house the faculty. For some 
time Father Gasson had been pondering the idea of renovating 
an old stone barn which was situated on the present site of 
St. Mary's Hall and which would be capable of housing the 
entire faculty, but the purse was already lean enough without 
any added debt. Although a number of alternate plans were 
proposed, none of them ever materialized, and so the faculty 
were obliged to commute from Harrison Avenue until 1918. 
Nevertheless, Father Gasson and Father Brett (a member of 
the first graduating class of Boston College) went ahead with 
plans to greet the "golden anniversary seniors" when they 
transferred to the Heights. 

On Friday morning, March 28, 1913, a large group of young 
men in derby hats and carrying "Boston bags" jammed their 



way into a few streetcars and began the long journey up to 
Lake Street. At half past nine they were all assembled on 
South Street (College Road) where they posed with the 
faculty for the photographers. They then formed a procession 
which entered the Recitation Building through the West 
porch and proceeded to the Rotunda where Father Gasson 
addressed them: 

Gentlemen of the Class of 1913; this is an historic 
moment. We now, in an informal manner, take pos- 
session of this noble building, which has been erected 
for the greater glory of God, for the spread of the 
true faith, for the cultivation of solid knowledge, for 
the development of genuine science, and for the con- 
stant study of those ideals which make for the loftiest 
civic probity and for the most exalted personal in- 
tegrity. May this edifice ever have upon it the special 
blessing of the Most High, may it ever be a source of 
strength to the Church and her rulers, a source of 
joy to the Catholics of Boston and its vicinity, a 
strong bulwark of strength for our country and a 
stout defence for the illustrious state of which we are 
justly proud. 
With this simple and solemn act of dedication and conse- 
cration, Father Gasson and the Class of 1913 took possession of 
University Heights and the great gothic tower which crowns 
it. A new age was dawning for Boston College. For fifty years 
she had grown in a small corner of Boston; now she looked 
forward to a vastly more magnificent expansion on a hill 
high above her city. 



The Manasses P. Dougherty Entrance to the Rotunda. 





The assembly hall in the new Tower Building. 



The Class of 1913, the Golden 
Anniversary Class, bring for the 
first time the derby and the "Bos- 
ton Bag" to University Heights. 




53 




Ford Memorial Tower of the Bapst Library 
of Boston College. Ford Tower houses a 
famed medieval staircase and three magnifi- 
cent Flemish tapestries donated by the Hearst 
Foundation. 





^^ 






^■^ 



-li^ 






Si^' 




The Rotunda of Gasson Hall with 
its final decorations. 



The third 25 years of Boston College's history had dawned on that cold March day in 
1913 when Father Gasson took possession of the Recitation Building just a few short 
days before the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the college. Fr. John McElroy had 
been dead for almost 20 years now, but he could scarcely have asked for a better substi- 
tute than the energetic Father Gasson. The man was an artist in every sense of the 
word. He lived solely to create his vision of Boston College and he channeled every avail- 
able once of strength into the completion of this task. 

The early part of June found him busy supervising last-minute touches on the new 
building in order that all might be ready for the laying of the cornerstone on June 15. 
The four great bells, which are now such an inescapable part of campus and neighbor- 
hood life, were being tuned and Brother Schroen was hastening to conclude his work in 
the assembly hall and in the Rotunda. Before Father Gasson had time to think about 
it, the great Sunday afternoon was upon him and he was ushering the bishop, monsig- 
nori, and government officials to their places. A heavy stone with the simple inscription 




St. Stanislaus Koslka in carrara 
marble, Gasson Rotunda. The 
fine detail work on the wall be- 
hind the statue was done by 
Brother Schroen, S.J. 





Father Marquette and Joliet on the Missis- 
sippi, Gasson Rotunda. 



BOSTON DEBATERS WIN 
FROM GEORGETOWN 

Toll Question of Panama Canal Sub- 
ject of Argument — Gen. 
Wood a Judge. 

LARGE CROWD IN ATTENDANCE 



The Fulton Debating Soeisty, ot Bos- 
ton College. Bbsten, Mass., last niglU 
won the annual intercollegiate Jebate 
with the Phllodemlc Society, of GeoiBc- 
town UnlveVslty. The decision of the 
judges In awarding tlie debate to the Ful- 
ton team was unanimous, and was popu- 
lar with the throng o£ Georgetown stu- 
dents and friends who attended the de- 
liatQ. A(though the Georgetown .sympa- 
thizers pulled for the home team nil 
through the deb?te, they freely admitte-^i 
that the be.>;t side won. 

The .question debated was "Resolved. 
That the jolted States vessels engaged 
in coastwise trade be free from toll in 
passing throU5l-, . the ^Panama Canal." 
Tlin TJoston.". !>-■•. rr^reaented by Fran- 
cis X. aa-i-nv;!/,. Co'v^rd A. Sullivan, 
and I.e.-/ M. Murra.7, -.ip'^eid the affirma- 
tive, .^»T" .fMi,..?, P, ^'eedh.^m, Bernard 
S. Brari' anu P.rvi I L, Waldron. of 
Cg:» t..^^. -;, ar.ruc:. *i.e negative. 

The I'viin argupi'^-hL.s .advanced by the 
^nirirat'.e in sup.'.nrt of their conten- 
lloii. was:' Ihat r^-e tolls would jgreatly 
lieneflt the Artic-ri'an merchant marine 
and :ini,iul,i'.3 i;« growth. They ai.io 
contentleil tha*- tlt'» nUimate American 
consumer wquln: be xreatly benefited by 
free tolls, iri tl.ot the gi;eat railroad sys- 
tems of the country would be placed 
in direct competition with the water 
lines. 

Georgetown balsed its arguments chiefly 
upon the violation of the Hay-Paunco- 
fote treaty with Gi-oat Britain. The 
Georgetown debates declared free tolls 
would put honesty on a premium, and 
be discriminatory to American ships en- 
ga.tcod in foreign cnmnifrcc 

The judges wore Maj. Gen. Leonard 
Wood, Chief or Staff, U. S. A.; Jurleo 
F. W. Booth, of the Uniled States Court 
of Claims, and Henry Heiskell, Chief 
,of Marine Service, of t>i6 Weather Bu- 
reau. Gen. Wond, a.-tiiig na chairman 
of the board ot juiigc"; aniinunccd the 
decision of the judges. Paul "W. Mc- 
Quillen, vice president of the ["hilociemlc 
Society, pre-'=ided over tiie deliate. Music- 
was furnished by the Gcol.getown Maa- 
dojin Club. 



BOSTON DEBATERS 
WIN FROMjORDUAM 

Federal Ownership and Control 

of Railroads Discussed in 

Fulton Intercollegiate 

Debate. 



DECISION UNANIMOUS 



The Fulton Debating i;ocietS- of Bos- 
ton College last cvenlnc; won their sec- 
ond intercollegiate victory of this year, 
iWs time sehdin.T to defeat the Tepre- 
.sematives of the SI John's Debatlnc 
Society of Fordham I'niveralty. Ne-w 
■Vork oily. The ]u<lge3 announced that 
although the decision wa.s tinanlmou.s. 
Sim the debaie was very close, a senti- 
ment tliat was shared also by all in tha 
audience. 

The question debated -(vas, "ripsnlvecJ. 
That the Federal Government Should 
Own and Ccntrol the Hailroada." 

The Fordham Society was reprrsented 
bv Joseph P. Lvnch, 'W; nichardi S. 
C'onwav, -in: Ale\-an.ler P. J. Vincent, 
•]?. all 'of Xew Yoi k. They upheld the 
alflrmatlvp side. The Fulton. Debaters 
on the negative were Rdward A. SulU- 
\an, 'U. of Cambridge: Rnbect I'. 
Harrv, 'H. of N'ewton, and Leo .\. Mur- 
rav. ■14, of Revere. 

The Boston team -n-ere expenenced 
men. having debated again.st Clark last 
year, and the first and third speakers 
ti-i<l been in the Georgetown debate a 
month prevlou.'!. 

Fordham had .a cle.an Klate, ton, hav- 
ing iust defeated Columbia wltnin a 
month. 

The afflrmntive based their .arsvimenl"; 
on the different a'ms of public and pri- 
vate ow-nersblp, that of the former br- 
ing riubllc seivlce and of the latter prl- 
v.-te nrolli. 

The negative sustained well their cnn- 
tendon that the Government was In- 
ctticient to conduct such a Busine.A< 

The iudges were J'Tank V. Tnomnson. 
aw istant hradma.oter in the Hosinn 
Public schools; Hon W. r. .\. i^itzger- 
flld. regis'er of deeds, and James S. 
nown«--y, [uincipal of the Hosinu iiign 
School of Commerce. Jjmeg H. Car- 
.ner, 'Si>. presUled at the debate. 



The Marquette Debating Society of 1912 










The great bells of Boston College: Ignatius, Xavier, Berchmans, Gonzaga. 




"1913" stood at the left of the speakers' platform. Father Gas- 
son handed the silver trowel to an alumnus, Archbishop 
O'Connell, and the new Boston College was officially and 
firmly embedded on Chestnut Hill. Mayor John F. Fitzgerald, 
grandfather of the President of the United States, approached 
the podium to praise the college's contribution to the city 
and wish her well in her next fifty years. 

The fall of 1913 found the interior of the college still 
abustle with workmen putting on the finishing touches. 
Brother Schroen had moved his paints to the third floor 
where he was decorating the Fulton Debate Hall with the 
portraits and speeches of the great classical orators. On the 
first floor a number of marble statutes, depicting such men as 
SS. Stanislaus, Berchmans, and Aquinas, were being set in 
place. The chef d'ouvre, a statue of St. Michael destroying 
Lucifer, was placed on an elaborate base in the center of the 
Rotunda. Father Gasson considered ordering seven new bells 
for the tower in order to create a complete tune-playing chime. 
The cost, however, outweighed the aesthetic beauty of the 



Murals in the Fulton Debate Hall, Tower Building. 



The 1913 cast of Macbeth. 





scheme, and the project was indefinitely postponed. 

Even as these preparations were being completed, Father 
Gasson was occupied with the architects' plans for the con- 
struction of a Faculty House. It was obvious already that the 
long trip every morning and evening was detrimental to the 
health and well-being of the community. The Fathers had to 
consult one another before making appointments for tutorial 
classes so that they would all be able to leave at the same time. 
Dinner hours at the rectory were scheduled at all sorts of odd 
hours and occasionally someone would even be left behind at 
the new campus. Father Gasson, however, was not to see the 
completion of this work. In December he received notice that 
as of January 11, 1914, the Rev. Charles Lyons, S.J., would 
assume command of the Heights. 

Father Lyons had taught as a regent at the old Boston Col- 
lege. Since then he had been the President of Gonzaga College 
in Washington, D.C., and of St. Joseph's College in Philadel- 
phia. He brought with him a mind used to the administrative 
affairs of colleges and a keen eye for the future growth of the 
Chestnut Hill campus. In March of '14 he received the com- 
pleted plans for the faculty building, but was disappointed 
because the structure was only three stories high and the 
chapel could only hold the present faculty. He reasoned cor- 
rectly that the college was on the threshold of a new expansion 
which would necessitate a chapel twice the size of the one 
planned and that the number of rooms for housing the 
faculty would have to be increased by almost fifty per cent. 
Consequently, he had Maginnis and Walsh add another story 
to the building and expand the chapel to accommodate 250. 
On June 14, the alumni presented the rector with a check for 
$40,000. The following September they had the pleasure of 
seeing their money put to work when ground was broken for 
the new building. A year later the structure had risen to the 
level of the second floor and it was conjectured that the build- 
ing might be occupied by the summer of 1916. 

Things passed quietly in the classrooms of the college dur- 
ing these years. The hours after class were spent practicing 
ball in the neighboring lots, working on the Stylus, or helping 
to prepare the Sub Turri for printing. The latter activity was 
begun as the official yearbook in the waning months of 1912 
and the first volume appeared in time for a copy to be placed 
in the cornerstone of the Tower Building. The early editions 
of this book are filled with numerous pictures of students 
posing in unfilled niches, leaning over parapets, or hanging 
from the topmost spires of the tower— a vivid attestation to 
the limits of the campus at that time. 

In 1915 the Philomatheia was organized to advance the gen- 
eral welfare of the college. Its members were women who up 
until this time had had no opportunity to direct their energies 
toward the betterment of the institution which their husbands 



AlAS Poor Yok/ck 
\o6rb. Nor THE oHLy 
deadhead »n the 
house:? 





The editors of the first Sub Turri, 1913. 



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Boston's "Honey Fitz," who as mayor repre- 
sented the city at the opening of the New Bos- 
ton College. He was the grandfather of Presi- 
dent Kennedy. 



Father Lyons nobly seated in the back of the faculty Pierce Arrow Touring Car. 




58 




The first kickoff on the new field, October 30, 1915. 



and sons attended. Although the original idea of the club was 
to provide moral and financial support for athletic events, 
this narrow framework was soon expanded; and the women 
began to provide scholarships, paintings, and small buildings 
for the use of the college. The first social event, a formal ball 
and reception for the senior class, was such a success that the 
ladies were able to present Father Lyons with a check far 
$1,400, earmarked for educational work. Pianos, scientific 
instruments, and expensive altar missals were but a few of the 
items donated during the first yeais of the club's activity. 

The fall of 1915 found the hopes of 25 years realized with 
the opening of the new athletic field, which had been care- 
fully laid out by professional architects and which won the 
enthusiastic admiration of all. The Stylus, which had so long 



Official Score Card 

Bo^on College 

vs. 

Holy Cross 




Dedication of Athletic Field 

at 

University Heights 

CHESTNUT HILL, NEWTON 

Beacon, Hammond and 
South Streets 

Saturday, Odl. 30, 1915 

at 2 P. M. 



The first of the New Boston College's athletic facilities, Alumni Field. 




59 




The first winter at Chestnut Hill. The old barn at the left stands 
on the present site of St. Mary's Hall. 




^,«[*/^ 



An "unforeseen delay" halts construction on St. Mary's Hall at the 
second floor. 




urged the administration to do something about a playing 
field, took partimlar delight in envisioning "maroon goal 
posts ... on a field of green!" For a while it appeared, how- 
ever, that the new field would open without any facilities for 
spectators. The Holy Cross game was scheduled as the dedi- 
cation and four days before the contest began there were no 
prospects for a grandstand. Messrs. Mullin '00 and Lavelle 
took it upon themselves to organize a hasty drive among the 
alumni and $1,600 was donated to the project. 

On October 30, 1915, with 2,200 people filling the semi- 
permanent grandstand and another thousand sitting on the 
track which ringed the field, a procession filed down the hill 
from the Tower Building to the brassy beat of a military 
band, and Father Lyons formally dedicated the new Alumni 
Field. The weather was perfect, the crowd was good, but for 
most the afternoon was marred by the Cross victory, 9 to 0. 

That evening all the papers were filled with news of the 
dedication and the big game. Even the normally conservative 
Saturday Evening Transcript appeared with a lead article on 
the "great progress that has been made up on the Hill." It 
referred appreciatively to the campus as "Chestnut Hill's 
Touch of Oxford" and heralded it as "one of the sights of 
Boston." It also thought to correct the mistaken impression 
that the new edifice was a seminary, a not uncommon idea 
since St. John's Seminary is located less than a mile away. 

The significance of this dedication can be realized if we 
remember that only two years before, a B.C. team had played 
its first complete collegiate schedule, managing to win four 
while tying one with Fordham and losing three. Football 
fortunes improved in subsequent years with the appointment 
of Charlie Brickley, former Harvard All-American, as coach 
in 1916. His appointment proved to be a wise move, since his 
name attracted many schoolboy stars who have become im- 
mortals in the annals of B.C. sports. Notable among these is 
B.C.'s first All-American, Luke Urban, a tremendous pass 
receiver for the 1917 eleven, who was on the end of countless 
tosses from a brilliant, ambidextrous halfback, Jimmie Fitz- 
patrick. 

Fitzpatrick was later destined to become one of the greatest 
punters in collegiate football. In the West Point game, while 
only a sophomore, Fitzie averaged 72 vards per punt. The 
bitterly fought battle with Army saw a courageous B.C. cen- 
ter, who was later to become the famous Commander Shea, 
stop raging Cadet backs four times in a row within the five- 
yard line. Only 40 seconds before the whistle, the running of 
Army All-American Oliphant carried his team to a 14-7 
victory. 

The first years on Chestnut Hill also saw the revival of 
hockey. An intercollegiate club in 1918 included such stal- 
warts as Jimmie Fitzpatrick and Phil Corrigan of football 
fame, as well as Frank Morrissey, one of five brothers to play 
hockey for B.C. 

With the completion of the new athletic facilities at the 
Heights, baseball, along with track, moved onto the campus, 
which was soon the scene of intercollegiate encounters with 
such teams as Stanford, Penn State, Seton Hall, Georgetown, 
Catholic University, Manhattan, and Fordham. Basketball, 
which was revived in 1916 after a six-year lapse, was played at 
St. Mary's Gymnasium in Cambridge. Although the early 
squads were successful and crowd-pleasing, it was not recog- 
nized as a major sport until 1920. Luke Urban and the ever- 
present Jimmie Fitzpatrick were the outstanding players of 
the period. 

The winter of 1915 found the Boston College Athenaeum, 



By the spring of 1916, it appeared that the faculty residence 
would soon be ready. 




A saint in stone upon whose shoulders rests one of the huge beams 
which support the ceiling of the Assembly Hall in the Tower 
Building. 



Laying of the cornerstone for St. Mary's Hall, June 7, 1917. 



the dramatic society of the day, performing "Nazareth" under 
the direction of Father Ahern. The play proved so popular 
that the original one-week run had to be augmented by five 
additional performances. In response to popular acclaim, the 
drama was repeated with even greater success the following 
year. 

Plans to move into St. Mary's Hall, the faculty residence, by 
the summer of 1916 succumbed to the usual "unforeseen de- 
lays" and the Stylus began to circulate its time-worn quips 
about strikers who held up needed construction. Several more 
months passed before it was finally decided that the hall could 
be opened for use at the beginning of January. On the evening 
of January 4, the last day before the cloister restriction was 
placed on St. Mary's, a small gathering of friends attended a 



dinner in the assembly hall of the Recitation Building. The 
architect, the builder, the mayor, and representatives of the 
alumni and Philomatheia clubs were present. After the meal, 
the guests were taken on a tour of the structure. They found 
a building constructed in a modified Gothic style with massive 
grey walls, relieved here and there by the delicate hues of 
puddingstone. The entranceway was crowned by fine stone 
traceries and a tall statue of Mary, with bas-relief angels 
kneeling in salutation. The cornice pieces were angels with 
their hands folded in prayer and with wings extending back 
into the walls themselves. Carved plaques served to break up 
the long lines of the building at pleasing intervals. The ex- 
terior of the apse of the chapel featured more stone murals 
depicting incidents in the life of Christ and His Mother. 



Towney rips the Purple line: B.C. 17, H.C. 14. The victory touched ofE a gigantic snake dance in the 
streets of Boston. 





High above the extcnoi of the apse there 
rises a crucifix in stone. 



The patroness of the building set amid 
a tracery of stone. 




St. Mary's Hall, the faculty residence. 







«4«(««xis!S£s3-si-.^::::?'H!''9paaa!s^ 




An angel rests high on the wall of the Jesuit 
house. 





"My house is a house ol prayer." The wrought iron gate separates the 
cloister from the public areas of the residence. 




The old refectory for the Jesuits. It has since been made into the offices 
of the rector and his executive assistant. 




The main altar in St. 
Mary's chapel. The mar- 
ble spire rises 22 feet 
above the floor. 



These were surmounted by a crucifixion scene done in spark- 
ling granite, while the back of the building proper was 
adorned with raised stone figures, featuring one which depicts 
St. Ignatius receiving his vocation. 

The guests found the interior of the building equal to its 
magnificent exterior. The halls were done in wood paneling 
with heavy metal chandeliers in the form of crowns. An iron 
gate of delicate design separated the cloister area from taste- 
fully decorated reception rooms, where oil paintings in sturdy 
gilded wood frames dominated the fifteen foot walls. At the 
other end of the main hallway, another wrought-iron gate 
provided an entry into the two-story chapel. Along each wall 
of the chapel a number of small altars were provided for the 
use of the community, each dedicated to a separate saint and 



embellished with a delicate filigree of Boticino marble. The 
left wall consisted of a series of gothic arches rising above 
splendid stained glass windows depicting the life and sorrows 
of Our Lady. At the focal point of the main altar, a marble 
spire rose 22 feet above the floor. The ceiling was supported 
by heavy wooden beams, so designed that they appear much 
higher than they actually are. The whole effect was one of 
spaciousness, despite the chapel's small dimensions. 

The Jesuit faculty took possession the next evening by the 
ceremony of filing into the oak-paneled refectory. After saying 
grace, Father Lyons offered a simple prayer of dedication. 

While Boston College had been busy caring for its own 
needs, headlines suddenly announced that the Lusitania had 
been sunk off the coast of Ireland. War drums began to beat 



Candidates for the Student Army 
Training Corps line up for the 
swearing-in ceremony on Alumni 
Field, October 1, 1918. 





A graduate and his girl clowning on the banks of the reservoir. 




The reviewing stand on General Edwards Day. 



Boston College S.A.T.C. officers on the steps of the Tower Building. Col. J. S. Parke, Commandant of the Corps, is in the 
first row center. 






The S.A.T.C. Band. 



The band in parade uniforms leads a new group of recruits down 
the main avenue of the college past the rows of newly planted 
Linden trees. 




Tenting in France. 



in the United States and by March of 1917 their roar was 
deafening. The college could not miss the portent of these 
events and the faculty quietly prepared for the worst. On April 
6 the United States officially entered the conflict. An army 
camp was set up in Plattsburg and one hundred Boston Col- 
lege students rushed to the recruiting offices. To their chagrin 
only one of them was accepted. The men at the Heights began 
a strong protest at what they felt was discrimination. The 
Stylus reported that their complaint had finally reached the 
ears of Washington and that in the future the men of Boston 
would get a proportional representation. 

During the summer of 1918, the draft expanded to include 
all men between the ages of 18 and 45. When combined with 
volunteer enlistment, conscription began to drain the life- 
blood of the college. October of 1918 found only 125 men left 
at the Heights— less than 10% of the pre-war student body. 
In May of that year, the War Department had taken steps to 
save a large number of students from premature enlistment, 



Morning inspection on Alumni Field. The war barracks can be seen in the background. 




iMi^i rite'! 




o^o alV\vl!o,iriatV,w Hicw pu'.viit-.vcpcoHiKj : 

lOSTOn COLLEGE 



'. (///r// f////u //^//L ////f/r/wi'///.^ / /.j//y/'/// f'^y/M//ya.////j 



\seoon_i.-.. 



r-y^V^ /,/u,^J//r„rm/ ' 



yjjy//yy/y/ Ay/r//y/y/ y^ //yy/y'' 




Lieutenant Stephen E. Fitzgerald, 
'16, was the first Boston College 
man to be killed in action. He died 
capturing a German machine-gun 
post. 



while still providing them with training which would be 
required if circumstances demanded their enlistment. The 
project, known as "The Student Army Training Corps," re- 
ceived authorization from Congress on August 31, 1918. Boston 
College was one of 565 schools selected to participate in this 
program and was assigned a quota of 750 soldiers. Fifteen 
hundred young men appeared at the college on registration 
day, twice the number which could be accepted. Because of a 
tragic epidemic of influenza and pneumonia which swept 
the United States, the project was delayed until the middle 
of October. On the fifteenth of that month, the men filed out 
of the newly constructed barracks and paraded onto Alumni 
Field to swear the oath of allegiance before Col. John S. Parke. 

In the meantime, the Jesuit faculty had been occupied with 
curriculum problems. Liberal arts courses were sharply cur- 
tailed and a science-oriented program substituted. Although 
the faculty was not overjoyed at this, they recognized the 
necessity of the change and made a clean job of it. The 
Knights of Columbus provided entertainment for the student- 
soldiers by purchasing a "motion picture machine." Army life 
did not last too long, however, for the Armistice was signed 
less than a month after the swearing-in ceremony. The War 
Department ordered the restoration of the normal class rou- 
tine on November 18, and on November 27, a final review of 
the corps took place before Gen. C. R. Edwards and Governor 
McCall. Orders were then issued for the discharge of the 
S.A.T.C. units starting the first of December. In order that the 
barracks and the equipment which had been supplied to the 
school might not go to waste, the W^ar Department reactivated 
the Reserve Officers' Training Corps. 

By March of 1919, the R.O.T.C. plan was in full swing and 
military uniforms again began to blossom out on specified 
days of the week. But it had no sooner taken root than the 
general disgust with war, which appeared all over the country, 
finally struck the campus. One after another the men on the 
heights began to apply for release. Their numbers grew so 
large that the R.O.T.C. was dropped from the college cata- 
logue for the following fall term. 

Boston College served her country well during the short 




A B.C. man on the Continent. 





Rev. William Devlin, S.J., the fif- 
teenth President of Boston College 
(1919-1925). 




The Assembly Hall of the Tower Building, the present 
site of the treasurer's office. 



"St. Patrick Teaching at Tara." 
This window, done in rich tones of green, red, and blue, is 
the center window of the former Assembly Hall. 



conflict. She sent 540 students to Europe to wage "The War 
To End All War," 263 of whom were commissioned officers. 
Fifteen never returned home; seventeen bore permanent scars 
acquired in the trenches; twenty-three were cited and deco- 
rated by the United States and foreign governments. A small 
school had helped to do the big job and the battle ribbons 
of her battalions are still cherished. 

On July 20, 1919, Father Lyons was replaced by Father 
William Devlin, S.J., and the college was formally separated 
from the high school with the appointment of a separate 
rector for that institution. Father Lyons drove out the gate 
in a faculty "Stutz" for the last time. The campus no longer 
resounded to his booming "Boston English accent," which 
had so often filled the assembly hall with quaint phrases and 
French epigrams such as "Noblesse oblige, Gentlemen" In 
his place there appeared a well-traveled, European-educated 
Jesuit whose quiet exterior concealed a dynamo of ideas. 

Father Devlin's first task in his new position was to hold 
a reception for Cardinal Mercier, the heroic prelate of Bel- 
gium who was touring America. The student body turned out 



en masse to cheer the "Belgian Patriot" and his host. Cardinal 
O'Connell. 

His next task was to greet the football team on its trip 
home from New Haven. A riot-sized crowd jammed the train 
depot to cheer Major Frank Cavanaugh and his tough eleven. 
It seems that somehow the small Boston School had journeyed 
down to New Haven to engage the mighty Elis. When "Little 
Jimmie" Fitzpatrick broke a final period 3-3 tie with a phe- 
nomenal 47-yard field goal, the men in maroon suddenly be- 
came famous and the wise-cracking "Iron Major" was on 
his way to becoming a national legend. 

On November 19, 1919, Vol. I of the Heights appeared on 
the news racks in the rotunda. The first editor was Mr. J. Ring 
'20. His six-by-nine scandal sheet had the dubious distinction 
of being the smallest college newspaper in the nation. On 
April 26, 1920, it was decided that this situation could no 
longer be tolerated and a five coltimn, sixteen inch deep "New 
Heights" made its debut. 

One month later, the Heights published a letter from an 
anonymous friend of the college which decried the lack of a 
suitable mascot and suggested: 




Why not select the Eagle, symbolic of majesty, 
power and freedom. Its natural habitat is in high 
places. Surely, the Heights is made to order for such 
a selection. . . . Proud would the B.C. man feel to 
see the B.C. Eagle gripping the uplift of the Holy 
Cross goal-post, the tattered purple and white banner 
in his talons. Glad would a Booster be to see his 
mascot grasping the Yale pup . . . tweaking the flap- 
ping ears of the army mule. . . . May the Eagle of the 
Heights ever scream out its challenge and hold its 
place secure on the banner of Victory. 

The following year the students unanimously endorsed the 
suggestion. The Eagle would roost on the Heights. 

The interest of the student body in a mascot was no isolated 
phenomenon, for with the arrival of Frank Cavanaugh at 
the Heights in 1919, Boston College sports inaugurated one 
of its most glorious periods. His outstanding record of 47 
victories, 14 losses, and 5 ties, including an Eastern Champion- 
ship, hoisted the Eagles to a respected position in college 
athletic circles. The 1919 victory over powerhouse Yale was 
a milestone in itself. Fitzpatrick's talented toe also won the 
Catholic college championship of the East for B.C. by kicking 
the extra point in the 10-9 win over Georgetown. 

The following year Yale hungered for revenge, but the 
30,000 fans at Yale Bowl saw B.C., playing with only five 
substitutions, emerge with a well-deserved 21-13' triumph. 

The Springfield game, which B.C. won 12-0, ended on a 
sad note as Jimmy Fitzpatrick suffered a shoulder injury 
which put him out of action until the Georgetown game. Even 
the outstanding play of Mickey Cochrane, later a great major 
league catcher, was unable to stop the Maroon and Gold 
from rolling up a 34-0 score against B.U. Fitzpatrick returned 





1 


-It 

Vp ~ 

" 4 s 



Father Jessup, S.J., in his office at Chestnut Hill. Roll-top desks 
were the latest thing in office equipment. 




The old Stylus office, located in the basement of Gasson Hall. 



"The Church, the Educator of Mankind." 
This great mural is the last of Brother Schroen's works. It depicts allegorically the efforts of the church in every field of human 
endeavor. The painting covers over three quarters of the west wall in the present treasurer's office. 






This typewriter of the early twenties provided the only ornamenta- 
tion amid the simplicity of community life. 



This stone relief of St. Ignatius's coat of arms is set in the wall 
directly over the main entrance of the treasurer's office. 



to do some wonderful passing in the Georgetown game, only 
to smash his shoidder again and put an end to his scintillating 
football career. 

Close to 40,000 jammed Braves Field to see the Eagles 
overcome Holy Cross 17-0 and secure for Boston College the 
award of the Veteran Athletes of Philadelphia— "Champions 
of the East." 

The year 1919 was a great one in many quarters besides 
football. Jack Ryder arrived to initiate an era in track which 
lasted until his retirement in 1952 and which will be re- 
membered always. Ryder arrived at B.C. after a brilliant 
career in professional running where he copped honors in 
everything from the 50-yard dash to three-mile events. Setting 
to work with tremendous vigor from the start, Ryder molded 
a team in his first year that surpassed even the wildest dreams 
of the B.C.A.A. His sensational student from Charlestown, 
Jake Driscoll, set the world's record for the indoor quarter- 
mile and won the much-coveted Bishop Hayes trophy in the 
feature "600" at the New York K. of C. games, as well as the 
Colonel Gaston Cup for the "600" in the Boston Legion 
games. In addition, he established himself as king of the 
eastern intercollegiate runners in both the "220" and the 
quarter mile. The first of the Eagle championship relay teams 
took the one mile event in Class C at the Penn Relays. The 
brilliant season reached its climax when the Eagles captured 
the Eastern Collegiate title in May. 

By the end of his first year, Ryder had stirred up a tre- 
mendous interest in track among the students. He had almost 
everyone out for track who had an honest and persevering 
desire. Hours were spent teaching the fundamentals to promis- 
ing candidates; Ryder himself was patience personified. But 
this patience was rewarded when his men, many of whom had 
never run before they entered college, won numerous honors 



The library in the Tower Building. This room is now 
partitioned and provides offices for the Arts and 
Sciences Honors Program, as well as a large Seminar 
Room. 




'Yale or Bust!' 



for their school. One of this group was George Lermoond, 
who won the Millrose three-mile event as a junior and later 
became New England Indoor and Outdoor two-mile champ. 
He was B.C.'s representative in the '24 Olympics. 

The efforts of the 1921 relay teams won national acclaim 
after setting a new record in the class B mile event at the 
Penn Relays. The Catholic College Championship was gained 
by turning back the Georgetown, Fordham, and Notre Dame 
relay teams. This '21 relay quartet went undefeated for the 
season and returned to win the Penn Relay mile again in 



1922 with Driscoll as captain. Now at his best, Jake had 
broken the "440" record at Pasadena, gained permanent pos- 
session of the Colonel Gaston Cup by scoring a victory in 
the Legion games for the third consecutive year, and beaten 
the best "440" men in the nation at the IC4A meet at 
Harvard Stadium. 

The faculty had little time to enjoy their new building 
before workmen began hammering away at partitions placed 
in the basement and at the ends of some of the halls to 



Fitz shows the form which enabled 
him to kick a 47-yard field goal to 
beat Yale 5-3. 



B.C.'s Fitzpatrick is dumped at the end of a twenty-five yard run in the Yale Bowl, 1919. 





The 1919 team that defeated Yale. Front roic 
Scanlan, Madden. 



ITrlxiii, Sheclian, Kelley, Heaphy, Doyle. O'Brien, Comerford. Back row: I'il/patrick, Corrigan, 



create space for scientific laboratories. Classrooms in the 
Recitation Building were packed with a record enrollment 
and the little space which had been available for experimen- 
tation was soon converted into lecture halls. Some of the 
students were even forced to commute back to Harrison 
Avenue to fulfill their science requirements. Father Gasson 



had planned separate buildings for physics, biology, and 
chemistry, but that idea has remained in the planning stages 
up to the present day. 

Father Devlin wrote his superior asking permission to 
organize a drive among the alumni to raise funds for the 
badly needed science hall. Since St. Mary's chapel could no 



The Iron Major and the rejoicing B.C. men after the Yale upset. 



^^ 



-^itmi^* 



^. 



B.C. sports leaders in 1920: , . 
captains Urban, Fitzpatrick, ' 
Dempsey, and Bond. '^ 




Jake Driscoll as he sprints 
home to set a new world 
record in the "500." Ail- 
American Driscoll was on 
the 1920 Olympic team. 





■ -jg- 



The men of Boston ran a huge funeral 
in 1920 for their beloved "booze." 
These boys led the procession with a 
casket full of empties. 



Boston College's first mascot being held by Darling and Kozlowsky. 




B. C. 21 




CapLiin and AH American end Luke Urban poses with the twice-tamed Yale Pup. 



longer accommodate even one half of 
the student body, it was decided to 
include also an appeal for money 
to build a college chapel. Form letters 
were sent out and the very next day 
Cardinal O'Connell notified the rector 
that he would personally pledge 
$5,000 "for the cornerstone of the 
new building." One day later Fr. 
Michael Doody of Cambridge contri- 
buted $1,500 and this gift was fol- 
lowed by two more of $1,000 each 
from Fr. Thomas Coghlan and Mr. 
Vincent P. Roberts. On March 11, 
1920, Father Devlin announced to a 
mass meeting of the alumni that 
Maginnis and Walsh had been hired 
to design a third building. At this 
time section leaders were organized 
and a grand scheme was set up to 
start a concerted drive among the 
alumni. More circulars were sent out 
and each graduating class was as- 
signed a quota. Most of the burden 
fell upon the earlier classes, since it 
was felt that they were more firmly 
established. It was hoped that the 
drive would realize $500,000, but by 
July 21 only $86,310 in pledges and 
$29,902 in cash had been collected. 
It soon became apparent that if the 
drive were to be a success, contacts 
had to be made outside of the alumni. 
Father Devlin then decided that if 
the drive were going to be opened to 
the general public the college might 



WM 



« ■ »■ 






> '»s 



ASTERN CHAMPIONS 

1920 




74 




Monday after the Yale game. The entire school snake-danced its way around Alumni Field and into downtown Boston. 



just as well do it on a grand scale. The scope of the campaign 
was widened to include a gymnasium and a library, bringing 
the total cost of the four buildings to about |2,000,000. Profes- 
sional direction was engaged and plans were made to start 
the thirty-week program on October 8, with the actual public 
drive scheduled for ten days at the beginning of May. Hun- 
dreds of workers began to contact the wealthy and influential. 
It was hoped that even if monetary aid were not forthcoming, 
these people would still throw their weight behind the effort 
in a number of ways, all designed to give the college adequate 
publicity. 

As May approached, the city was deluged with posters and 
ads declaring, "Boston College Will Be Big Enough If Your 
Heart Is." The newspapers hearkened to the call: feature 
stories sprouted on front pages and expensive ads appeared 
throughout. A former Bostonian, Vice-President Calvin Cool- 
idge, gave a public endorsement. Secretary-of-War Weeks 
and Senators Walsh and Cabot Lodge soon followed suit. 
Locally, Governor Cox, Mayor Peters, Cardinal O'Connell, 
and other prominent persons contributed their support to 
the effort. 

On the evening of May 2, a gigantic parade trooped into 
the Common at the corner of Park and Tremont. Cheers 
arose as a large replica of the Tower took its place in a long 
float parade organized by the students. Fireworks were set 
off and speeches were made. The drive was officially on! 

A conspicious Tower was placed in every corner of the city 
and even in the outlying districts. The hands of the clocks, 
which served to indicate the progress of the drive, read six 
o'clock and a million dollars pledged when a mammoth mid- 
point rally was held in the Boston Arena. The benefit show 
starred the celebrity of the day, Victor Herbert. Newspaper 
publicity was stepped up in the meantime and soon all con- 
versation centered around the success of Boston College's 
effort. 

The day the drive closed, evening papers heralded the 
success of the $2,000,000 collection. A careful check a few 
days later revealed that the total was actually $300,000 short 
of the mark. When redemptions on the pledges were closed 
in 1929, almost .$500,000 was still outstanding, and expenses 
involved in conducting the drive further reduced the net 
amount to only $1,127,000. With the new tally, all hope for 
four new buildings vanished. The cost of the science and 
library buildings alone would exceed the collected amount 
by several hundred thousand dollars. A beginning had been 



"Off to Texas! to bait the Baylor Bears." 



Frank Cavanaugh, the Iron Major. 



Funerals seem to have been the 
order of the day. This one was 
for the "Elis." 




Bosmsfo 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
WillianuCardinal O'Connell Hanonay CRcannan 
James J. PBelan. Chairman 
William D.Nvgent. Vice CBairman 
Mrs^dwinASRumaiu Vice CHairman 
Henry V. Cvnnin^am. Treasurer 
CIias.A£irmingliam. Seareiaiy 




CAMPAIGN 



TWOMnnONDOLLARSINTENraiS 
Mqy3c6 tol2tR 192L 

HEAIXXIARTERS 
166DevonsRireSt near Post OSiceSqoaie 
Telephme-FxtHUl 6765 



So^Qn,Mis&. 




The proposed Science Hall of 
1921. It bears a very close resem- 
blance to the present philosophy 
building, Lyons Hall. 



The proposed Library. The struc- 
ture which was eventually built 
shows a distinct modification of 
the design. 




made, however, and the extensive publicity had made the 
college known throughout the area. 

Commencement day in 1921 found the college bustling 
with activity. The day's schedule of events included the 
traditional speeches and the usual presentation of diplomas, 
of course, but the highlight of the afternoon was the breaking 
of ground for the new science building. Work began on the 
foundation the next day and the campus again shook as 
periodic blasts of dynamite loosened the solid rock ledge 
which the builders had become so familiar with in the con- 
struction of the Tower Building. Huge wagons hauled by 
teams of straining draft horses laboriously carted away the 
rubble to a site where stone cutters broke it into suitable sizes 
for use in constructing the walls. 

In the fall of '21, on November 14, a long cavalcade of 
black limousines led by soldiers in campaign hats streamed 
onto the campus. American and French flags fluttered at 
intervals along Linden Lane and the band struck up the 
tune of the Marseillaise. Father Devlin stood on the front 
steps of the Tower Building flanked on either side by Jesuits 
who had served as chaplains in the World War. A large 
crowd began shouting as Marshal Foch, Commander-in-chief 
of the Allied forces, stepped out of his car and greeted them. 
After he was formally welcomed on behalf of the college, he 
was introduced to Mayor Childs of Newton and former 
Boston Mayor John F. Fitzgerald. The party entered the 
Rotunda, passed through lines of seniors in caps and gowns, 
and entered the packed assembly hall, where Father Rector 
conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws upon the Marshal. 
Spontaneously the assembled students and friends broke into 
the Marseillaise. 

While construction proceeded, life among the student body 
continued as always, with sports uppermost in the minds of 
many. The Maroon and Gold had lost the services of one 
of its gridiron greats in 1921 when Fitzpatrick graduated. 
The following season, however, a Minnesota blond named 
Chuck Darling took over where "Fitzie" left off and for the 
next four seasons played sparkling football from all positions 
in the backfield, iDeing chosen Ail-American quarterback by 
some and fullback by others. His punting was tremendous, 
his running amazing, and his speed like that of lightning. 
His success story was not limited to the gridiron by any 
means: his lifetime academic average was over ninety-five 
per cent; as a centerfielder in baseball, he was oustanding. 

The first intersectional game ever played by B.C. occurred 



TU ES DAY. MAY 3 lyAi 



;222,656 FOR \^ 



'^^m^ 



ireat Campaign for $2,000,000^^^^ 
Has Wonderfully Auspicioy^-^^";^^^ 
Openm;: 



^^>^ 



ill, 



r>rdinal Gives $10,000 
to Boston College Funft 






;-o^^ 




c 



The Goslon Colltgt Buildin 



m 






^-ni.. «^' 



fe^:-s^^ "^k^-'^^fi^ '%-,;^f'c,y ^ ^ ' 



that year, when the Eagles traveled to Dallas to meet Baylor 
in the dedication game of what was later to become known 
as the Cotton Bowl. The Iron Major's team won a reputation 
for Boston College in the Southwest by scoring a 23 to 7 
victory over the Bears. The splendid running of Jimmie 
Liston, coupled with the stalwart play of Matthews, Kelleher, 



The official opening of the $2,000,000 drive. This replica of the 
Tower was unveiled at the Park Street end of the Boston Common. 




With "Boaters and Banners" the class of '23 marches to Park Street 
for the 1921 fund drive. 



77 



The proposed chapel to be located be- 
tween St. Mary's Hall and the Tower 
Building. This plan is still being con- 
sidered for use by the college. 





and Patten, brought B.C. three touchdoAvns against a club that featured hidden- 
ball tricks and a flashy ofiiense. Unfortunately, the day's success was marred when 
Chuck Darling sufi^ered a broken leg which kept him off: the field for the rest of the 
season. 

Grattan O'Connell, a welcome addition to the Iron Major's 1922 squad, held the 
distinct honor of starting every game for four years. An All-Eastern end in 1924, 
he is believed by many to have blocked more punts and recovered more fumbles than 
anyone else in the history of B.C. football. 

During 1923 the Eagle eleven was scored upon only twice, as it ran up a total 
of 167 points against 14 for the opposition. Although an undefeated season was 
marred by a close 7-6 loss to Marquette, the Eagles, with Chuck Darling as captain, 
gained wide acclaim and drew the largest crowd Boston had ever seen when some 
47,000 fans filled Barves Field for the B.C.-Holy Cross classic. Joe McKenney, later 



The women's auxiliary for the 1921 Drive poses in front of St. Mary's Hall. Banners on the car radiators say "Boston College." 




78 



COOLIDGE 
ENDORSES 
B. CJUND 

Sends Open Letter 

to President of 

College 



Vice-President Coolidge, in a letter 
yesterday sent to the Rev. William 
Devlin, S. J., president of Boston 
College, that it might be communi- 
cartd to the public, / endorsed the 
building fund campaign that Boston 
Cbliefee is soon to launch and pre- 
dicted tKSt the public-spirited citi- 
zens of Massachusetts will not fail to 
respond fittingly to the appeal the' 
college is making for much neded 
funds, 

WILL BEGIN MAY 3 

The building and equipment fund 
campalgtv 'or Boston Collegra will 
begin on Tuesday, May 3, and end on 
TharBday, May 12. For the success- 
ful conduct of the campaign, teams 
are being organized Injj^very parish 
of the ar9hdlocese of Boston and pub- 
lic-spirited citizens of Greater Bos- 
ton and of the big cities and towns 
of this section of the State are being 
solicited to give their co-operation. 

The campaign Is planned to raise 
J2,C00,000 with which to build and 
equip a Boience hall, a library, a gym- 
nasium and a chapel. Each of theee 
buildings with the equipment will 
ycost about {800,000. 

The letter of Vice-President Coot- 
Idge follows: 

•■March 31, }nii 
"To the public: 

■■Like every other Institution which 
ministers to education, Boston College 
flnds that It needs dot only for Increas- 
ing 1ft service, but to maintain unim- 
paired the present standard, an addi- 
tlon»to Its funds, which It estimates at 
(2,000,000. 

"We are just beginning to realize the 
importance of our hgher Institutions of 
learning, not so much for the par- 
tlcular'subjects they may teach as for 
the general standard of citizenship 
which they set. It is in accordance 
with that standard of loyalty and 
patrlotlsnti and obedience that the gen- 
eral attitude of all education Is fixed. 
The teachings of our colleges and uni- 
versities are carried into our prepara- 
tory and grade schools. It is not pos- 
sible to have ideals of citizenship there 
unless that Is the sentiment which 
comes from higher education. 

"This cannot be accomplished with- 
out a proportionate sacrifice. Our col- 
leges and institutions of higher learn- 
ing were established by those who wer« 
willing to make sacrifices for the main- 
tenance if high ideals. They can only 
be maintained by a continuation of the 
same efforts. .And unless they are 
lalntalned there Is no source from 
which there can be replenished the in- 
fluences which have supported Ameri- 
can citizenship for almost three cen- 
turies. There Is no source of freedom 
save In the knowledge of truth. 

"A» there was never a time when 
there was so much need for the sUbll- 
Izlng forces of society as at the present 
day, so there is the greater duty to 
make contributions which will serve 
what is a useful and patriotic, if not 
actually a necessary purpose. Civlllza- 
lion has never been maintained by peo- 
ple iMcauBe they thought they could 
profitably afford it; It has been achieved 
for us by those willing to pay a Pr'o» 
beyond what they thought they couia 
afford to pay. It is to that spirit, 
which will never fall mankind, that 
Boston College makes ItB appeal. 
"Yours very truly, 
(Signed) "CALVIN COOLIDOE^" 




The proposed gymnasium. 



) BOSTON. TUESDAY EVENING. MAY 17. I92l | 

$2,138,000 

WITH RETURNS 
NOT ALL IN 



B.U.I(UILlHNli\B. C. FUND 
FDNfl DRIVE TOTAL IS 
REACHES G04 $2,|38,679 

rhousands Mote Ex- 
pected Within 
Few Days 

Pul,lio-..pirllra rUl7r„,,^^^b^^sl|f Tk, ,„,,, ,„„„„, j„b,^lbra „p ,„ 

ir"l«.M ""/ho"?,", o" I'hr r'"n.pa 'building and cquipmcni fund wai 
More ll.an j;-ni wa.; n.--l'>riA?2,I3«,67953 Wilhiit the iicM few 



OLD CRADLE ROCKED 



^ Great Applause as the Goal 
Of $2,000,0t>i»i_ 

<St. John's Seminary 

,e BojtoQ college building luno \ ^ , ., ^ c f 

Contributes oum or 

\ _MIQQQ, 
i-.,wirT.n b? n,.;" ,™^rA~ 



Hre.khne. r,llow.»orl.e,. ol Vr.l 




The Goal Is Paised 






79 



"My right is crushed. iMy 

lemorable message of Foch to Joffre, w^i 



133 



left is in retreat. I am attackingnvith my centre.'" 

the o\ erwhelming armies of Von Kluck were sweeping toward Paris in September, 1914 




^ht ihstm ®rauf Irr 



7TH YEAR— NO. 




liOSTON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1921 



■nVENTY-FOlJR PAGES 



CLAIMS 
OF LI 






Marshal Foch visits Cardinal O'Connell at his residence. 



Shine Forfh, 


Gilded 1 Dome!- 


-Tis t"och! 


i 










kF^M 


%^ 





MULTITUDES LIE ROUTE 
OF BIG VICTORY PARADE 




Popular Reception Rises to Highest Points as Marshal 
Rides in March of ViM<> Men 



I'tnlinanil Fm^li, Marshal ,it Kr 
lifold furms. 



n of (1.0 aliitc llic- .'ily ,u\^ the public 



llu' Suulli alalion 

ivali.iiiH alimg tlio 

• I'^fPU 



Froni the moment ho urrlveil here and at(>(iiioil finiii ti 
with a smile on his lipa ho waa mightily chefjiccl. Ho rwi'ivi 
streets, at the State House, (;i«y Hall and oilier sloppinx i 

The popular acclaim roae Ui hiKhent poinla when (he man, w hone tgilKaiy jfe'niUK gillrtad 
Ihe Amerlmn and allied armle« lo world war victnry, rode alunt! a nillitarv paraile lino of 12,000 
Tien while tens of thouaand.4 of gpeetatora lifted eheer oil elterr. 

' When presented a atate medal Ijy llov. Cox in Iheheaulirol llalli.f I'Isbs at Ihe Stale Home 
Marshal Foch, replying: in French, praised the spirit or Massaeliicu'lls, whicli sent lier in liaBto 
(0 ttie defgnco of liberty, 
bounds Nelo of Optlm 






to become coach of the Eastern Championship team of 1928, 
and Joe Kozlowsky, an All-Eastern tackle, starred through- 
out the season. 

In 1925 West Virginia, defeated only twice in four years, 
upset B.C.'s hopes for an undefeated season. 

But in his final year at the Heights in 1926, the Iron Major 
at last achieved what had so long narrowly eluded him— an 
undefeated season. Five of the games were shutouts, including 
a 61-0 romp over St. Louis, the highest B.C. tally to that day. 
The opposition scored but 34 points all season as opposed to 
the 222 points registered by the Maroon and Gold. A thrilling 
game with the Haskell Indians resulted in a 21-21 tie, with 
the Indians scoring all their points in the fourth quarter. 
The following year, the Iron Major moved on to another 
Jesuit school, Fordham. 

Boston College teams in the early 20's were as successful 
on the rink as on the gridiron. Hockey found a stalwart in 




On November 14, 1921, a long cavalcade of limousines bore the "Hero of the Free World" to the Boston College campus. 



Leo Hughes, whose lightning speed, clever stick-work, and 
blinding shots paced the squad to the American Collegiate 
Championship in 1922. Top-ranked Yale was handed an 
overwhelming setback 7-0, while M.I.T. met the same fate, 
falling to the tune of 6-1. B.C. and Harvard, the two con- 
tenders for the championship, met under the titles of the 
Boston Eagles and the Crimson Ramblers since relations 
between the schools had been broken in 1919. In the exciting 
game played before a jammed area, the teams went into over- 
time before the Eagles emerged with a 4-2 victory and the 
mythical championship. 

The Bostonians traveled far and wide in 1923, and for 
the first time in college history an American team won every 
game played with Canadian college rivals. The Eagles played 
like professionals— so much so that it was difficult for them to 
arrange a college schedule. The season's record: 13-1-1, the 
sole loss coming from the Western Amateur Champions, 
Duluth, 2-1. Since the loss did not come in collegiate circles, 
B.C. retained her American College Championship. 

The Eagles were forced to turn to Canadian colleges and 
the best amateur teams in the East for their opponents in 1924. 
West Point was the first collegiate club in the United States 
to play the Eagles that year, falling 6-3. The consensus was 
vividly expressed by Hamilton College, a powerful squad, 
which offered to play any team in Boston except Boston 
College. 

The following year B.U. came forward as the only American 
college opponent, splitting a two-game series. B.C. then 
journeyed to Canada for the first time and handed a 3-1 
set back to Loyola' of Montreal. As had been the rule for the 



Marshal Foch and party leaving the Recitation Building 
received an honorary Doctor of Laws. 



where he 




The horse and wagon approach to construction in 1921 




past several years, the Boston College club dominated All- 
American teams with men such as Sonny Foley, John Culhane, 
and Jack Fitzgerald. 

Boston College was invited to play in the dedication game 
of Madison Square Garden in 1926. Representing the United 
States, the Eagles defeated Montreal 4-2 and the Royal Mili- 
tary Academy 7-6. The New York fans were astonished by 
the short-passing attack of the Bostonians and gave the team 
a standing ovation. 

Coach Fred Rocque's era came to a close in 1927. Henry 
Groden and Tubber Cronin starred for the icemen in the 
abbreviated six-game season, as the growing popularity of 
the professionals put the damper on the Eagles' schedule. 

The Eagles, it seemed, could do no wrong in this era. Not 
only did the established major teams achieve national fame, 
but Jack Ryder also continued his winning ways on the cinder 
track, while baseball, which had been the first sport played 
on those early picnics of the last century, finally emerged on 
the intercollegiate level. Basketball too, enjoyed its first period 
of prominence. 

In 1923 the Eagles' Bob Merrick equaled the world's record 
in the 120-yard low hurdles. The IC4-A games gave Ryder the 
opportunity to display his middle-distance quartet. The 
world's two-mile indoor record was nearly clipped as the 
Maroon and Gold team was chosen as the chief contender 
against the Oxford-Cambridge relay team (rated the world's 



The Science Building during construction in 1923. 




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82 




The Science Building;, later named Devlin Hall. 




The 
cases 



hall on the third floor of Devlin is lined vi^ith the display 
of the Biology Department. 




best) at the Penn Relay Carnival in '24. Welch, Mahoney, 
Cavanaugh, and McKillop defeated the English speedsters in 
the two-mile event at Philadelphia, winning international 
acclaim for Boston College by breaking the world's record with 
a time of 7:47.6. This was the first of three victories in the 
two-mile Penn Relays (1924, 1927, 1932) , which earned Boston 
College permanent possession of the Meadowbrook Cup, one 
of the most highly cherished trophies at the Heights. 

The following year, the quartet of Dillon, McKillop, Daley, 
and McCluskey smashed the long-standing world's record in 
the 2,400-yard relay, while the intercollegiate two mile medley 
relay championship was brought to the Heights by Dillon, Mc- 
Killop, Welch, and Cavanaugh. In addition, John Murphy 
equaled the world's record in the 45-yard high hurdles, and 
"Fluff" Flahive established himself as one of the outstanding 
high-jumpers in the nation. 

The undefeated two-mile relay team of '27 took the event in 
the Millrose games against Holy Cross, Georgetown, Harvard, and 
Penn State, finished far ahead of the field at the BAA meet, and 
walked off with the Penn Relay championship with little diffi- 
culty. The medley relay squad gained permanent possession of 
the Civitan Club of Baltimore trophy at the Johns Hopkins 
meet with clear-cut victories in '25, '26, and '27. 

The history of Boston College on the diamond from 1919 to 
1922 had been overshadowed by Eagle glories on the grid- 
iron and cinders. The return of Coach Olaf Henricksen, 
former Red Sox pinch-hitting wonder, to Chestnut Hill in 
the spring of '23, however, changed the general complexion 





Mrs. Vincent P. Roberts, Presi- 
dent of the Philomatheia Club, 
1919 to present. 



The Norwegian Chalet of Mr. J. G. Ranisbottoni which was purchased in 1924 by the Philoma- 
theia as a club house. 



Third Public Session of the 
Greek Academy 

Of Boston College 




CHEMISTRY LECTURE HALL 

Thursday Morning, April the Twenty-third, 
Nineteen Hundred and Twenty-five 




The President's Conference room, located in St. Mary's Hall. 





William Cardinal O'Connell awaits the arrival of the new President of 
Boston College, Father James Dolan, S. J. 



Rev. James H. Dolan, S.J., sixteenth President of Boston 
College (1925-1932). 



of baseball on the Heights. The heavy hitting of the whole team, led 
by Frank Wilson, was the sensation of collegiate baseball that year. 
Wilson hit consistently throughout the entire season, establishing an 
intercollegiate record by hitting safely in twenty-seven consecutive 
games while batting .450. 

Of the 33 games played, B.C. slugged its way to a total of 30 wins, 
scoring victories over teams representing Yale, Princeton, and Pennsyl- 
vania, and turning in a victory over Holy Cross in the annual series. 
The first game of the H.C.-B.C. series was won by Holy Cross, 5-2. In 
this game Jimmy Kelly, the great little right-hander, waged a tight 
pitching duel with Holy Cross ace Ownie Carroll. The defeat temporarily 
put the Eagles out of the running for the intercollegiate title, but a 
subsequent win over Princeton, which in turn had defeated the Cross, 
reestablished B.C.'s right to the championship. 

In the second game of the series, before a gathering of 40,000 en- 
thusiasts at Braves Field, the largest crowd ever to witness a college 
baseball game, Frank "Cheese" McCrehan won a niche for himself in 
the B.C. Hall of Fame by slow-balling the Crusaders to death, 4-1. 

In the concluding episode. Holy Cross, battling for her reputation, 
weathered the crisis with a 2-0 verdict over the Maroon and Gold 
in one of the hardest fought battles the two schools have ever waged. 
Cheese McCrehan was again on the moimd for B.C., but was bested 
by Carroll who was twirling air-tight ball that afternoon. 

Another banner year was registered in 1924 with a record of twenty 
victories in twenty-five games. Victories over Princeton, West Point, 
and Georgetown were soothing antidotes for defeats at the hands 
of Yale and Holy Cross. McCrehan once again led the list of college 
twirlers, and catcher "Hap" Ward topped the list of college sluggers 
with a .400 average. The Eagles, under new coach Jack Slattery, main- 



Boston College won this debate with a 2 to 1 decision. 



&' St 

I INTERNATIONAL | 
I DEBATE I 

i (^amhridgeVniversityofSngland | 



TJ5. 



Boston Colleg 



e^ 



Q. FORD HALL :: OCTOBER 29 .« 

^ 1926 -'^ 

S A T E I G H T P. M. S? 




The 1924 two-mile relay team 
McKillop, Mahoney, Welch, Cav- 
anaugh, and Coach Ryder, after 
posting their World Record time. 



tained their winning ways, although never quite equaling 
the achievements of the '23 and '24 squads. This golden 
era produced many of B.C.'s diamond immortals including 
Gus Whelan, Chuck Darling, Bill Cronin, Sonny Foley, 
Tommy and Eddie Phillips, Ed Mullowney, and Dinny 
McNamara along with McCrehan, Wilson, and Ward. 

Basketball at Boston College, meanwhile, despite many 
drawbacks such as lack of convenient facilities for practice, 
enjoyed a creditable share of success in the early twenties; 
but it was not until 1922 that B.C. produced the first team 
in many years to defeat Holy Cross. The final score of 32-26 
was largely the work of Tommy Murphy and Grat O'Connell. 
Another victory over Holy Cross, along with conquests of 
M.I.T. and Maine among others, highlighted the 1923 season 
in which Bill Melley, Frank Mooney, and Jim Hickey estab- 
lished themselves as stars. 

Under Coach Bill Coady, the Maroon and Gold dumped the 
Purple twice the following year. In the second encounter 
Wallie Waldron and Murphy starred, with Murphy tossing 
in the winning basket in the final minute of play. Unfor- 
tunately, basketball was dropped from the sports program in 
1925, and did not reappear on the intercollegiate level for 
twenty years. 

The campus was extended eastward in 1924 when the Philo- 
matheia Club gave the college an authentic replica of a 
Norwegian chalet on Commonwealth Avenue. The hall, with 
its attractive main room surroimded by a balcony, proved 
extremely useful to the college in succeeding years. In the 
spring of 1963, for example, it was used as the headquarters 
for the Peace Corps contingent training at Boston College 
in preparation for service in Peru. This house was only 
one among an endless series of gifts which the club pre- 
sented to the school. A letter of St. Francis Xavier, S.J., 
for example, which was donated to the library by the club 
in 1935, remains one of its most precious treasures. 

Work on the science building proceeded, and although 
not completely finished, it was opened for classes in the 
fall of 1924. A great deal of study and planning had gone 
into the building, resulting in a masterful integration of 




Cronin in one of his famous dashes out of kick formation around 
end. 





Almost 50,000 people at Braves field watched Cronin slash his way 
up the middle o£ the Purple line. Final verdict: B.C. 17, H.C. 13. 




T-T ink Cavanaugh. 




In a long period of famine, our first 
"Cross killers" in basketball, 1923. 



The 2,400-yard Relay Team which set a World's Record of 1 
minutes 53 3/5 seconds in 1924. 



Ail-American "Chuck" Darling safe at third. 




form and function. Not only was it fully equipped 
to meet the scientific needs of the day, but in addition 
its masculine Gothic design won its architects the J. 
Harleston Parker Award for the most beautiful structure 
erected in the Boston area within a three year period. 

The ground floor housed the science library, faculty 
offices, and the upper reaches of the two large base- 
ment amphitheatres. The second, third, and fourth 
floors were occupied by laboratories, offices, and supply 
rooms. Part of the building was set aside for an An- 
thropological Museum, but this was converted to class- 
rooms after a building on Hammond Street, now St. 
Joseph's Dormitory, was obtained to house the col- 
lection. 

The exterior of the building effectively expressed 
the twin aims of Catholic education— to prepare stu- 
dents for their life in this world and in the next. The 
solid horizontal lines of the building were suggestive 
of man's life in this world, while the slim spire above 




Creeden sweeps Naw's end BC 6, Navy (1928). 




The 1928 Eastern Intercollegiate Champions. 






^tt/ 



1936— Oilman (13) blocks a Michigan State kick. B.C.'s Furbush (25) recovered on the seven yard line. Final score: B.C. 18- 
Michigan 6 (1936). 




Breaking ground for the Library, 1922. Father Patrick McHugh, S.J., 
Dean of the College, with the shovel; Father Daniel Lynch, S.J.; 
Mayor Childs of Newton; and Father William Devlin, S.J., President 
of the College. 



The library in 1925, when construction stopped and the auditorium 
was roofed over. In 1926 Mrs. Helen Gargan donated funds which 
enabled Father Dolan to resume construction on the reading room. 




Bapst Library, named in honor of the first President of Boston College. 





indicated an awareness of his ultimate goal. On the top 
of the spire rested a golden ball and cross, symbolic of 
the harmony between science and faith. Around the out- 
side of the building a series of plaques commemorated 
such famous scientists of the past as Volta, Mendel, and 
Pasteur. 

At the same time as the science building was being com- 
pleted, a Greek Academy was instituted which captured the 
attention of a good segment of the Boston public by present- 
ing Euripides' Alcestis. This and a series of lectures sponsored 
by the academy were reported in the Boston papers as repre- 
senting another contribution of the school to the cultural life 
of the "Athens of America." 

The same scholastic year of 1924-25 witnessed the com- 
pletion of the first floor of the new library building. Everyone 
was enthused over the new Gothic structure, which was 
rapidly becoming an absolute necessity as the rapid increase 
in the numbers of books and students alike caused over- 
crowding of the Tower Library. All were severely disap- 
pointed when Father Devlin announced that because of a 
shortage of money further construction would be halted and 
a temporary roof installed over the first floor. 

In the summer of 1925, Fr. James H. Dolan, S.J., replaced 
Father Devlin as president. Father Dolan, one of Boston Col- 
lege's youngest presidents, realized the need of the library 
and immediately applied his youthful enthusiasm to the 
collection of funds to permit completion of the structure. 
The drive was aided immeasurably by Mrs. Helen Gargan, 
who gave the reading room in memory of her husband, a 
well-known Boston lawyer and philanthropist. Two years 
later the stained glass windows were in place and the dark 



oaken beams spanned the long expanse of the reading room. 
June 13, 1938, was a day of double celebration, as commence- 
ment exercises were followed by the dedication of the new 
library building by His Eminence Cardinal O'Connell. 

The long-awaited building was designed to harmonize 
with the three older Gothic structures. Its Ford Tower echoed 
with due restraint the theme of the first tower and served 
also to mark the main entrance to the campus from Common- 
wealth Avenue. (The plan for a college overlooking the 
reservoir had been abandoned.) The lower level and the 
mezzanine housed the stacks which were supposed to be 
expanded shortly into the second floor auditorium. The view 
from the entrance to the auditorium revealed the low vaults 
of the foyer standing in sharp contrast to the lofty arches 
over the stairway. A twelve-panelled Shakespeare Window 
of brilliant stained glass dominated the staircase, whose 
wrought-iron railings picked up the delicate tracery of the 
metal in the windows. In the dusky regions above the window 
and in each of the adjoining arches opposite the entrance to 
the reading room, almost hidden from view, a series of bas- 
relief sculptures featured a rendition of the Seat of Wisdom. 

The visitor entering the reading room is struck first by the 
stark austerity before him. The peaked wooden roof, straight 
chairs, and simple tables contrast sharply with the wealth of 
carefully planned detail in the windows and decorations. 
Scenes and characters from Chaucer are portrayed in the 
stained glass of the present catalogue room, originally a re- 
ception parlor. Around the main hall, overlooking the alcoves 
assigned to theology, philosophy, history, and other disciplines, 
the windows depict such eminent scholars and historical 
figures as Aquinas, Bacon, and Bede. In the windows of the 



91 




The interior of Ford Tower in the Library, llie staircase and arches 
are classic pieces of medieval architecture. 




The lobby of Bapst auditorium. 




rare books room, converted during the Easter recess of 1961 
to house periodicals, the seals of Jesuit colleges throughout 
the western hemisphere are represented. The highlight of the 
rare books collection is the Francis Thompson room, where 
manuscripts and early editions, including the original copy of 
"The Hound of Heaven," are displayed. Robert Frost often 
mentioned this collection as the feature which first attracted 
him to Boston College. Also noteworthy are copies of the 
most highly illuminated book ever produced— the Early Chris- 
tian Book of Kells. This latter is preserved as part of the 
Irish Collection, housed in a small room adjacent to the 
auditorium. In 1952 the two most vivid and most famous of 
Boston College's many stained glass windows were commis- 
sioned by Fr. Terrance Connelly, S.J., Librarian, and placed 
in this room. 

Four tapestries donated by the Hearst Foundation in mem- 
ory of William Randolph Hearst add a touch of Old World 
elegance to Bapst. Three are preserved in the Ford Tower, 
named after Mrs. Elizabeth Ford, a washerwoman who don- 
ated money for the building. The largest, which covers an 
entire wall of the present periodical room, was woven in Brus- 
sels around 1500 and depicts scenes from the life of Christ. 
A number of oils and watercolors, including a suspected 
Titian and a probable Velasquez, are scattered throughout 
the rooms and offices. 

The completion of the library marked a plateau in the 
physical expansion of the university. With the exception of 
the addition of a wing and a beautiful cloistered garden to 
St. Mary's Hall in 1930, major construction on the Heights 
was suspended until after World War II. This did not mean 
that all things were static. The period of the late twenties 
and thirties was marked by diversification of the academic 
programs so that Boston College fulfilled its charter and 
became a university in fact. 

The first step of the college into post-graduate programs 
took place after the end of World War I, when a program 
leading to the master's degree in education was established 
in cooperation with the City of Boston. The students re- 
sponded enthusiastically, and the city registered its gratifica- 
tion by accepting the master's degree as equivalent to two 
years teaching experience. Only men, however, were admitted; 
women did not sit in a Boston College classroom until the 
Summer School was opened in 1924 to aid the many teaching 
sisters of the diocese. 

In 1926 the School of Education was incorporated into a 
newly organized Graduate School under the direction of Fr. 
John B. Creeden, S.J., a former president of Georgetown 
University. Classes were held intown at the High School in 
the late afternoons and evenings to facilitate attendance by 
those teaching during the day. The scope of the courses 
offered embraced most of the essential academic departments. 

The next step in meeting the needs of the community came 
in 1929 when it was decided that a Law School would be 
opened in the Lawyer's Building on Beacon Street, next to 
the Boston Athenaeum. The announcement was praised by 
the Boston press because of the high standards set for ad- 
mission. 

The decade of the thirties saw extracurricular interest 
reach unprecedented levels. The traditional religious, literary, 
and oratorical activities continued to dominate, but language, 
science, and other special-interest clubs were also formed, 
pointing the way toward a most significant trend in subse- 
quent years. The formation of the Brosnahan Debate Society 



The Grand Staircase leading to Gargan Hall, the main reading room. 



The Shakespeare Window over the Grand Staircase. This win- 
dow, the gift of Mrs. Daniel C. Buckley in memory of her 
husband, portrays scenes from eight of Shakespeare's works. 



in 1923 to augment the traditional Fulton and Marquette 
proves the tremendous interest in debating and speaking in 
this, the "Golden Age of the Fulton." Resolutions such as 
one debated in 1881, "That the effects of the Cirusades on 
Europe have been beneficial," yielded more and more to 
topics drawn from current events. The trend culminated with 
the Boston College-Harvard debate in '28 concerning the 
qualifications of Alfred E. Smith, Governor of New York, 
for the presidency. The Sub Turri of that year reported: 
It at least constituted a radical departure from the 
wonted dry-as-dust topics. The men selected to up- 
hold the college honor were Neal T. Scanlon, Wil- 
liam J. Killion, and Joseph B. Doyle, all of '28, whose 
records in the debating line were highly presentable. 
Never in the history of intercollegiate debating has 
such interest been aroused and although the subject 
was discussed in the spacious confines of Symphony 
Hall, it is to be regretted that a larger auditorivim 
was not available to include the many himdreds who 
were turned away. The men from Boston College 
made a remarkable performance and not only won 
the acclaim of the audience but that of the usually- 
moderate newspaper critics as well. It was a glorious 
conclusion and one which argued well for Boston 
College superiority in the world of letters that she 
should so emerge from the largest and most widely 
heralded collegiate debate ever to be held in America. 
All extracurricular interest was not academic. Coach Cava- 
naugh had gone, but the winning tradition in athletics re- 
mained. Football history was made again in 1928 when one 
of the nation's youngest coaches, twenty-three year old Joe 
McKenney, led his Boston College team to their second East- 
em Championship. An oiustanding backfield man during his 
playing days at Chestnut Hill, McKenney succeeded Leo Daley 



The auditorium of Bapst Library. This room is used for the 
many lecture series sponsored by the college. From 1926 until 
1948 it served as the church for St. Ignatius Parish. 





93 




„M,..~S^mam^%iiii»mmmit 



as head coach in 1928, when Daley left after one year as 
Eagle mentor. 

McKenney's championship team registered major victories 
over Navy, Duke, Fordham, and Holy Cross. Catholic U., 
Manhattan, B.U., Canisius, and Connecticut also fell victim 
to the Eagle eleven. In the all-important game at Annapolis, 
the B.C. defense was a bulwark, once stopping the Midship- 
men on the six-inch line. "Big Six" Al Weston was out- 
standing. He and Paddy Creeden drove fiercely into the Navy 
line until Weston found the end zone for the only score of 
the game. The Eagles fought to preserve their slim six-point 
lead for the entire second half as Tom Smith, Johnny Dixon, 
Charlie Murphy, and Warren McGuirk turned in great defen- 
sive work for the Maroon and Gold. 

The following week found a highly-rated Duke team over- 
whelmed by B.C., 19-0. Weston, Creeden, McGuirk, Murphy, 
and Smith proved standouts once again. The great Iron 
Major received a tremendous ovation when he returned to 
Boston, this time as coach of Fordham, but the Eagles pre- 
vailed, 19-7. Atfer a 19-0 conquest of the Crusaders, Boston 
College was awarded her second Eastern Championship within 
ten years. Charlie Murphy was named to the All-America 
first team as right end. Weston and McGuirk were included 
on the second team, and Weston was the star of the All-Star 
game in San Francisco. 

Only four starters returned for the 1929 season. End Johnny 
Dixon excelled all season, and a new center, later to become 
Ail-American Harry Downes, turned out to be a second Jack 
Heaphy. The "Galloping Antelope," Chessy Antos, provided 
the fans with thrills all season by his pass interceptions and 
lightning speed together with uncanny broken-field running. 
The Eagles closed out the season with a 7-2-1 record. 

The remaining five years of the McKenney era were marked 
by 28 wins, 15 losses, and 3 ties. Fordham, coached by the 
great Cav, proved to be a stubborn foe during this period. 
The 1930 Eagles were sparked by Captain Johnny Dixon, 
a speedy pass receiver, powerful tackier, and a strong punter, 
who played all season with a knee injury that would have 
hospitalized most mortals. 

The 1932 season was notable for the dedication of the 
Eagles' new stadium. A 3-0 upset over the strongest Fordham 
team to that day— a squad featuring several of the original 
"Seven Blocks of Granite," provided an auspicious opening. 
The season also witnessed the coldest day in the history of 
Boston College football when the mercury dropped to zero 
and biting winds chilled the 10,000 fans who gathered at 




The modern language alcove in Gargan Hall. 



►I- loTiccntiis aqmlfx. -^ 

niowp^liuni sectiuclimloliav 




An illuminated page from the Landisfarne Gospels, housed in the 
Irish Room of the Library. 




One of the King Windows in the Irish Room. Full-color repro- 
ductions of the other windows by Richard King may be found on 
pages 6 and 7. 



Fitton Field to see the great rivals battle to a scoreless tie. 

An otherwise undefeated 1933 season was marred by a 32-6 
loss to the Fordham Rams. "Snake Hips" Freitas, a side- 
stepping whiz as well as a fancy passer, gave the fans many 
a thrill throughout the season. Flavio Tosi played outstanding 
football and was selected an All-Eastern end. As McKenney's 
coaching days drew to a close in 1934, he was the youngest 
successful coach in the nation, having compiled 44 victories, 
18 defeats and 3 ties in his seven-year reign as Eagle mentor. 

John R. "Dinny" McNamara succeeded him in 1935, but 
illness led to his resignation after four games. During this 
short period, the Eagles registered one of the greatest upsets 
of all time, an 18-6 victory over Michigan State— the number 
one team in the nation and a Rose Bowl contender until 
whittled down by a spirited B.C. eleven. The victory over 
the Spartans proved to be B.C.'s most far-reaching athletic 
conquest since, the Yale games fifteen years before. The 



Part of the ornamental trim on the beamed ceiling of the rare 
book room. 




The rare book room. This room now houses the periodical 
-] collection. 




Gargan Hall, looking north toward the Francis Thompson Room. The side 
windows depict the great masters in various scholarly fields. 



punting of soph sensation Tony DiNatale, the defensive work of 
Ed Furbush and Jim Cahill, and the drives of Ed Driscoll and Paul 
Flaherty sparked the Heightsmen to this great victory. Youthful 
Harry Downes took over the coaching reins halfway through the 
season and led the Eagles to three wins and two losses. 

A Boston College immortal returned as hockey coach in 1928. 
Sonny Foley found a slipping team in his initial season, in which 
two victories over Holy Cross, 5-4 and 6-3, were sole wins. These 
contests marked the first meetings of the Crusaders and Eagles in 
hockey, and the following year B.C. once again pinned a double 
defeat on the Purple representatives, 4-0 and 6-1. Only the two 
Cross wins and the individual brilliance of Joe Fitzgerald, Pete San- 



A highly illuminated Altar Missal, the gift of Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, 
Pius XII. 



■■7>^^.,4s^: 







( , ' • • ■ . • ■ ■ > . . 

^-^-■;...^ .-•.••".• ..... i. 




A carved representation of Our Lady of Knock, located in the Irish 
Room of the Bapst Library. 



1 




i 


1^ 


?F^Jj^^ 



"Temple Visitors," a Japanese print from the collec 
tion owned by the Boston College Library 




"St. Francis of Assisi," a 17th century Spanish painting in 
the office of the Librarian of Bapst Library. 



Five of the twenty-seven pilgrims represented in the Chaucer Windows of the card catalogue room. 




The Epic Poetry Window. This thirty panel window, a gift of 
former Governor Fuller, portrays scenes from the Iliad, Odyssey, 
Aeneidj Legend of the Grail, Beowulf, Le Cid, Song of Roland, 
Parsifal, Divine Comedy, and the Gaelic epic. Tain. This window 
forms the backdrop for the Thompson Collection. 






This medallion 
Library" in 195 



of Francis Thompson was given by "Friends of the 
9. 



Some of Francis Thompson's original manuscripts. The open book 
in the foreground is the first draft of Thompson's Life of St. Ignatius 
Loyola. The most treasured items in this collection are the Hound 
of Heaven manuscripts. 



ford, and Nick Tedesco salvaged a measure of respect from 
the 1929 season. 

The depression, however, brought a cessation of hockey, and 
for the first time since 1917 Boston College was not repre- 
sented on the ice. The sport was resurrected in 1933 only 
through the work of self-effacing John "Snooks" Kelly, the 
manager of the '28 club, who had won himself a spot as 
second center through hard work and dedication, and who 
subsequently became the most famous name in B.C. hockey. 

Kelley's first squad was the first post-depression club for 
the Eagles. Working against financial odds, he fashioned a 
team which lost but two games in 1933. Captain Bill Hogan, 
Ray Funchion, and Herb Crimlisk were whirlwinds on skates 
for the Heightsmen in both '33 and '34. As the year rolled 
by, Kelley's teams showed continued improvement and addi- 
tional colleges lengthened the schedule. 

The post-depression years saw track at Boston College, 
under the watchful eye of Jack Ryder, regain national promi- 
nence briefly with the victory of Dailey, Jordan, Smith, and 
Moynihan in the two-mile Penn Relay in '32 which, coupled 
with the victories of '24 and '27, retired the Meadowbrook 
Cup to Chestnut Hill. Nearly every year B.C. gained indivi- 
dual victories in New England with standouts like Dick Gill 
and Herb McKenley in the quarter, Clarence Flahive in the 
high-jump, Phil Couhig and Al Morro in the weight events, 
Dan Fleet in the half, Tom Cavanaugh in the mile, and Jim 
Zaity, who competed in the '36 Olympics. The era of team 
supremacy, however, had passed. 

A significant feature of this period was the blossoming of 
the minor sports, which finally obtained recognition from 
the A.A. They were considerably less successful in overcom- 
ing lack of coaching and financial support to post winning 
records. First tennis and then fencing, golf and rifle teams 
achieved minor sport status. Captain of the fencing team in 
1930 was the aptly-named Ed Steele, who won a silver medal 
in the New England saber championship. In addition the 
1937 Sub Turri recorded the informal activities of a Yacht 
Club, which lamented its inability to sail on the reservoir 
but which did practice on the Charles River in anticipation 
of the day when it would be recognized as an associate mem- 
ber and finally, in time for the '45-'46 season, as a full member 
of the Intercollegiate Yacht Racing Association of North 
America. 



"Naked I await Thy Love's uplifted stroke!" The fifteenth 
painting in the Gammel Collection. 




Some of the twenty paintings by Ives Gammel which represent lines from the Hound of 
Heaven. This exhibition was on display November 4, 1956, when Father Terrence Con- 
nolly accepted the original Hound manuscript. 



This 16th century Flemish tapestry, a gift of the Hearst Foundation, represents twelve scenes from the life of Christ. 





"The Stoning of St. Stephen," a 17th century Italian oil painting. 




"The Trinity," detail from the tapestry on page 99. 



One of the colored windows in the natural 
science alcove. This panel represents Roger 
Bacon experimenting with Al Kazan's theory 
of refraction. 




The south entrance of Bapst Library. 



100 




A page from the Book of Kells preserved in the 
Irish Room of Boston College Library. 





A 13th century tapestry from Belgium, one of 

thrtc wliiili Ii 1111^ in tin Fiiul Tower. 




BOSTON GLOBE— THURSDAT, JANTJAEY 12, 192S 



BOSTOH COLLEGE DEFEATS HARVARD 
IK DEBATE OVER GOV "AL"- SMITH 




SMITH'S QtfAl^IFlCA310SS TO BE PREBLDENT 



Father Dolan was succeeded by Rev. Louis J. Gallagher, 
S.J., on New Year's Day, 1932. Father Gallagher brought to 
the presidency an international reputation earned by his 
work in Russia during the famine after the First World War. 
His training in operating under difficult circumstances stood 
him in good stead, for he arrived at Boston College just as 
the impact of the depression was asserting itself on all. 
Tuition payments were in arrears and the number of students 
receiving financial aid from the college had doubled in one 
year. Nonetheless, no salaries were reduced, although econo- 
mies were effected by the curtailment of planned expansion. 
Paradoxically, the need for economy resulted in the erection 
of a new stadium. It was built by students under the direction 
of professional steel workers so that the school could avoid 
paying rental to a stadium intown. In the fall of 1934, the 
tuition deficit was partially alleviated by the Federal Emer- 
gency Recovery Act, which enabled the college to pay many 
students |15 a month for work at the college. 

The five-year-old law school intown had scarcely inaugu- 
rated a program enabling those with only a high school di- 
ploma to make up the necessary prerequisites for admission, 
when a four-year bachelor's curriculum was offered at the 
high school. To avoid duplication, these two programs were 
integrated in 1935 as Boston College Intown on Newbury 
Street. 

The city of Newton widened Beacon Street in 1935 and 
bought a narrow strip of college land to do so. The payment 



President of the class of '29, Bill Flynn, christens the "Boston College.' 



NAME BOATS"-'*' 
FOR COLLEGES 

First Trawler to Be 
Nanded "Boston College" 



An order has t)een placed with the 
Bath Tron Works at Bath, Me., by the 
Attantlo & Paclftc Fish Company of 21 
Fish Pier for the construction of three 
steel beam trawlers, the forerunners of 
"a fleet the eoncern plans to build and 
operate. Tlio three will bear the iiamea-, 
of hoted Catholic Institutions of learn- 
ing, the first to ba called "Boston Col- 
lesTo," ready for delivery Oct. 1 of this 
lyear, the second the "Holy Cross," 
completed a month later, and the third 
the "Georgetown," to be launched on 
Dec. 1. This 13 the beglnnlne of one 
of the most extenjjive building pro- 
grammes contemplawd by the produc- 
tion end of tho local fishing' Industry in 
years. 

The new trawlers will be 126 feet lonrr, 
23 feet beam, 13 feet depth of hold, 
with a gross tonnage of 200, and will 



I be built along the linos of the famous 
' N6Hh .Sea trawlers, considered the r 
■ most efflclent »f ihclr kind. Diesel 
' engines will furnish motive power, and 
' by a new arrangement, tho auxiliary 
', units are placed al^igslde tho engines, 
allowing greater pp^ce for the storage 
of fish, the holds being Insulated and 
60 arranged that the fish may be car- 
ried on special shelTss. 



The "Boston College" sliding down the ways. 




FR GASSON'S FUNERAL 
IN B OSTON ON M ONDAY 

Services in Immaculate Conception Church For 
Noted Jesuit Who Died in Montreal 



The funeral of Rev Thomas I. Gas- 
«on, S, J., a former president of Bos- 
ton College, who died late last night 
In Montreal, will be held in this city 
at the Church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception, Harrison av, South End, next 
Monday morning at 10 o'clock. Ar- 
rangements for the services were being 
completed today by the Jesuit fathers 
In charge of Boston College at Newton. 

Information from Montreal is to the 
•ffect that the body will arrive in Bos- 
ton Sunday morning at 7:30, and will 
be removed to the rectory .of the Chuich 



of the Immaculate Conception over 
which Rev Fr Gasson presided as rec- 
tor a number of years ago when he 
waW president of Boston College, then 
located in the old buildings adjoining 
the Immaculate Conception, in the 




Those who have seen this 
Colonial lamp all say it is 
a perfect beauty. 

Style No. 601. 
Colonial Lamp, 
height 15%" to 
top of shade, 
complete with 
imported Cut 
Prisms and 
beautiful Hand 
Cut Shade. 
Finish of metal 
either Pewter 
or C ol n i a I 
Brass. Price 
complete, 



I McKenney 6^terbuiy(9^"* 





Irish Records 




/The Rose of Traiee. 
) Song. 

^Tho Old Bog Road, 
^ Song. 

RECORDS MAILED EVERYWHERE \ 

OPEN EVENINGS ] 

Write for (alalois of Records, ae- ! 
rordioDS. flutes, sonz books, radios. ( 

;E. O'BYRNE DE WITT'S SONSJ 

I The Ronse of Irish Mnsle and Radio < 
I 51 Warren Street. Roibur.T. Mass. < 
Bufllcv Termira] Bids. HlKhlanas 8616 1 



South End. Much of the magnificent 
Boston College at University Heights 
in Newton was planned and developed 
by Rev Fr Gasson, and he saw several 
of the present buildings completed and 
the college functioning on an enlarged 
basis before he was trar.sferred from 
Boston to other duties in the Jesuit 
order. 

Shortly before 4 o'clock Sunday aft- 
ernoon the body will be conveyed from 
the chuich rectory to the adjacent 
church, where at the latter hour the 
office of the dead will be chanted by a 
group of Jesuits from this city, New- 
ton and Weston. The body will lie in 
state at the Immaculate Conception 
through Sunday afternoon and eve- 
ning until the funeral services Monday 
morning. Very Rev James M. Kilroy. 
S. J., provincial of the Jesuits in this 
section, will officiate at the low mass 
of requiem. 

The body ^111 be taken to Worcester 
for burial in the cemetery at Holy 
Cross College. 

Of Huguenot Family 

Fr Gasson, S. J., one of the 
most distinguished jnembers of the 
Society of ^esus on this conti- 
nent, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent. 
England, Sept 23, 1859. the son of 
Henry and Arabella (Quinnell) Gas- 
son. He was a descendant of a 
Huguenot family which settled in the 
South of England In the latter part of 
the 18th century. 
His education was gained at St 
I Stephen's School, London. When a 
boy he came to this country and 



of the city was augmented by donated funds and used to erect 
the wrought-iron fence which stands along Beacon Street 
today. 

The Intown College was joined in the Newbury Street 
building by the new School of Social Work in 1936. The 
new school was the brain child of Fr. Walter McGuinn, S.J., 




The opening of the new Alumni Field gate on Beacon 
Street, 1935. 




Rev. Louis J. Gallagher, 
S.J., the seventeenth Presi- 
dent of Boston College 
(I932-I937). 



who felt that "the principles of Christian philosophy, especi- 
ally of ethics and psychology" often were not integrated with 
the methods and techniques of social work. Father McGuinn 
made the school a pioneer in its field by his emphasis on the 
individual and on the principle of "confidentiality," which 
urges close cooperation between the social worker and the 
community. From its inception to the present, the school 
has always maintained a majority of male students, making 
it unique among American schools of social work. 

In the fall of 1936, the college was visited by his Eminence, 
Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, the Papal Secretary of State. After 
being greeted by Father Gallagher and the other Jesuit 
faculty members, he spoke to the students from the steps of 
the library. When he announced a day off, there was such a 
storm of cheering that the Cardinal added a second day of 
recess. Cardinal Pacelli was so impressed with the full-scale 
riot which ensued that he granted a third day off, and was 
about to add a fourth when the rector stepped up to the 
microphone to call a halt to the proceedings. Still the Cardinal 
managed to set a record which no Boston snowstorm, before 
or since, has been able to equal. 

Father Gallagher, who had successfully guided the school 
through the difficult years of the depression, was relieved of 
his presidential duties and replaced by Fr. William J. Mc- 
Garry, S.J., on July 1, 1937. Father McGarry, an editor of 
the Jesuit quarterly. Thought, had an outstanding reputation 
as a Scripture scholar and authority on the history of the 




122 Commonwealth Avenue 

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"Boston College with its beautiful group of buildings has 
given a grace and Benediction to my boyhood haunts." From 
the letter of Episcopal Bishop William Lawrence. 



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Jewish people. In addition to being an accomplished scholar. 
Father McGan^ was also an extremely effective executive, 
who modernized the administrative structure of the school. 

The Newbury Street building gained a third occupant 
when the School of Business Administration was organized 
in 1938. The popularity of the accounting electives which 
were offered in the College of Arts and Sciences motivated 
Father McGarry to form the new institution. A committee of 
thirty prominent bankers and businessmen was fonned to 
act in an advisory capacity and to aid the school in meeting 
the needs of the modern business world. 

Football was the first Boston College sport to emerge into 
the national spotlight after the depression to recall— and even 
siupass— the athletic successes of the '20's. Gilmore Dobie, who 




Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, later Pius XII and 
Bishop Spellman on the Boston College 
campus in 1936. 



Rev. William J. Mc- 
Garry, S.J., the eigh- 
teenthe President of 
Boston College (1937- 
1939). 




from 1907 to 1915 fashioned a remarkable 52-0-2 record at 
^Vashington, initiated the long march to a National Cham- 
pionship with a 6-1-2 record in 1936. Outstanding in a come- 
from-behind tie with the Spartans was five-foot-four Tilly 
Ferdenzi, whose specialty was, of all things, pass receiving! 
Two years later "Gloomy Gil's" last hard-fought season yielded 
the same record when the Eagles, with two minutes left to 
play, tied favored Michigan 6-6 and then with fifteen seconds 
to go, moved Fella Sintoff's toe into field goal position for 
the win. A 14-0 smothering of B.C.'s first Big Ten foe, Indiana, 
launched the Eagles into national headlines. 

The three years of Dobie's colorful reign were the stuff 
of legends. As a Presbyterian he could never get used to 
Catholic jargon and aroused considerable hilarity by calling 
the rector "Parson Gallagher." A strong exponent of funda- 
mentals and bruising football, his highest esteem was reserved 
for his biggest players. In his last season he called only three 
by their first names: John Yauchoes, 260 pounds; Chester 
Gladchuck, 248; and Joe Jabulski, 240. But this hard-nosed 
approach left behind a core of players whose mastery of detail 
and fundamentals paved the way for the great years to come. 

The year 1938 was a big one for Boston College. The 
President of the University proclaimed that the 75th anniver- 
sary would be celebrated the week of February 20. On Tues- 
day evening, 1100 alumni crowded the seats and aisles of the 
Copley Theatre to pay tribute to their Alma Mater. Father 
McGarry read the congratulatory message of Pius XI and 
delivered the Papal blessing, after which Governor Charles F. 
Hurley, the first alumnus to achieve gubernatorial distinction 
in Massachusetts, commended the college for raising "the 
tone of civilized living in our Commonwealth. For 75 years 
Boston College has amply fulfilled the dreams of its founders, 
carrying on under tremendous odds a work of education 
which the Commonwealth deeply appreciates." 

Classes were suspended to enable the 3277 students to par- 
ticipate in the week-long diamond jubilee. Students joined 
with girls from several local colleges to present a symposium 
on Christian Marriage. The same evening, a concert by the 
student and alumni musical clubs was performed at the 
Copley Theatre. 

The highlight of the celebration was the Dramatic Society's 
production of The Music Makers. Elliot Norton, prominent 
Boston critic, wrote that it marked the "beginning of a new 
and welcome interest in professional drama." The play, a 
sardonic comedy dealing with the World War, was only one 
of five produced during the celebration, a sure indication of 
the marked interest in dramatics at the college. The French 
Academy put on a full performance of Racine's Esther com- 
plete with period costumes, while the Italian Academy staged 
Pirandello's La Parente. The German and Spanish academies, 
not to be outdone, presented Schiller's "Apfelschuss Szene" 
from Wilhelm Tell and Sierra's Rosina es Fragil. Once spring 
had arrived on campus, the Classics Academy presented Anti- 
gone on a specially constructed outdoor stage. 

The solemn high Anniversary Mass was offered by Cardinal 
O'Connell '81, on April first. His sermon to the 1500 present 
emphasized the obligation of service implied by faith and 
the close relationship of education and religion as twin forces 
in the development of youth. 

In many quarters Boston College was styled the "Oxford 
of America" because of its devotion to a classics-oriented cur- 
riculum designed to produce the liberally educated man. 
Father McGarry credited the impressive growth and accom- 
plishment of three quarters of a century to "self-sacrifice, 
triply exemplified in the Jesuit educators. Catholic parents, 
and generous scholarship donors." 




Flood of Greetings From All 
Over World Marks B. C. Fete 



Harvard Debate Features Program; 
Pope Plus Lauds Institution 

Congratulatory messages from all corners of the world were 
being received today as the jubilee week celebration marking the 
75th anniversary of the founding of Boston College reached its 
mid-point. 



Pope Pius XI 



Vatican City, 

January 7, 1&3S. 

Reverend Father Rector, 
Boston College, 
Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

On the oooasion of the seventy-fifth anniversary 
of the founding of Boston College, the Holy Father imparts 
to the Rector, professors, students and alumni his affec- 
tionately paternal apostolic benediction. 

Eugene Cardinal Paoelli, 
Secretary of State. 



The annual intercollegiate debate 
between the Fulton Debating So- 
ciety of Boston College and the 
Harvard Debating team will fea- 
ture the program tonight. The de- 
bate will be held at the Copley 
Theater. 

A message from Pope Pius, 
v;ishing the college continued 
growth and success was 'the high- 
light of the alumni convocation, 
attended by prominent Boston Col- 
lege graduates, including Governor 
Charles F. Hurley. 
MESSAGE FROM POPE 
In his message Pope Pius said; 
"On the occasion of the 75th 
anniversary of Boston Oollege 
the Holy Father imparts to the 
rector, professors, students and 
alumni its affectionately paternal 
apostilic benediction." 
Governor Hurley, an alumnus, 
said: 

"I have come to extend to Bos- 
ton College the greetings of the 
Commonwealth of which I am 
now governor, but I also wish to 
extend my personal greetings as 
a former undergraduate. 

"For 75 years Boston College 
has amply filled the dreams of 
its founders, for 75 years this 
college has carried on under tre- 
mendous odds and today the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts is 
proud to claim her as one of 
her own." 
CARDINAL'S GREETINGS 

Representing William Cardinal 
O'Connell, the college's most dis- 
tinguished graduate, Rt. Rev. Fran- 
cis L, Phelan extended the cardinal's 
greetings. 

"Seventy-five years of service to 
the Church of God, the state and 
the people of our community is 
the resplendent record of Boston 
College," Rev. Phelan said. 



"We are deeply conscious of 
I the great debt of gratitude we 

isons of Boston College owe our 
alma mater and the great Jesuit 
educators who have heroically 
dedicated their lives to the prin- 
ciples of Catholic education. 

"It is my pleasant duty to 
bring the personal greetings of 
His Eminence Cardinal O'Connell 
who loves this college with an 
affection which seems to have no 
limit." 
The Very Rev. William J. Mc- 
Gairy, S. J., president of the col- 
!egp, lauded all who aided ir the 
prosperous growth of the institu- 
tion. 
MANY OTHERS SPEAK 

"J must pay tribute to the 
parents of Boston College men, 
to all tJiose who have sent their 
sons to the college," he said. "It 
was their willing spirit of self- 
sacrifice which has inspired o'-j- 
rapid growth. 

"The hardships of our parents 
have been the stepping stones of 
our success." 

Others who addressed the con- 
vocation were: James G. Reardon, 
con^missioner of education; Dr. 
John G. Downing of St. Elizabeth's 
Hospital; Rev. Daniel J. Riordan, 
oldest alumnus; Henry F. Barry, 
president of the Boston College 
Club of New York; Francis J. 
Carney, and Alice M. Kerrigan, 
president of the Boston College 
alumnae. 

Donation of a fund to purchase 
books for the Alumni Association 
library was announced by Gerald 
F. Coughlin, president of the group. 
The subject of tonight's debate 
will be: 

"Beselved: That the New Deal 
program of business regulation 
is detrimental to the best interests 
of the American people." 
Boston College, upholding tne at- 
firrastive side, will be represente'.' 
by Francis E. T. Sullivan and Pau" 
L. Schultz. Richard W. Sullivan 
and William W. Hancock will up- 
hold the negative side for Harvard. 
Judge John P. Higgine, chief jus- 
tice of the superior court is chair- 
man of the debate. 



The cast o£ 


Raci 


ne's 


'Esther 


presented at the 


Copley 


Theater for tlie 


Boston College 


Diamond 


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ibilee. 






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Seventy-five years after her incorporation Boston 
College was a graceful gotliic crown for Chestnut Hill. 



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The famed golden eagle, symbol of Boston 
College. The eagle itself was brought from 
the American Embassy in Japan and watches 
over Linden Lane from the top of a fifteen- 
foot shaft of polished Vermont granite. 



110 




Rev. William J. Murphy, S.J., the nineteenth President of Boston 
College (1939-1945). 



The final quarter of the first century of the Boston College 
saga actually began four months before 1939 with the appoint- 
ment of Fr. William J. Murphy, S.J., to succeed Father Mc- 
Garry as president. Father McGarry's career as rector had 
been brief but busy, and he was only relieved of the position 
because he was needed as editor of the new scholarly journal, 
Theological Studies. 

A fortnight after the installation of Father Murphy as rec- 
tor. Hitler marched into Poland. The world tensed for the 
shock of war, but collegiate life was not immediately affected. 

"B.C. Hires Unknown!" read the headlines as the Boston 
papers reported the replacement of Gil Dobie by Frank Leahy 



The former Liggett estate, now O'Connell Hall. This mansion was 
constructed at a cost of |300,000. 




-v -y 



"^iM^^ « 



Princely Gift to B. C. 
by Cardinal O'Connell 






A. 



y^f-^f 



^s.'-%V 







NOW PART OF BOSTOX COI.LLGE 
' The palatial residence of the late Louis K. Liggett tstate at CJnestnut.Hill, 
purchased by Cardinal O'Connell atfd (lonitid to "Boston GoHeg*. 
*■ '■ : J. . X:. r 



OKOilvnA^ 



By this gift from the Cardin.il_ th«, 
campus will be Increased by aboMtJoj 
third in area, opening up vast pnsfilt 
ties for further development, ; 
Quires also the palatial mansion of the 
drug magnate, which is to be converted 
into a classroom and office building. 
The Liggett estate adds 10 a.-res of 
beautifully landscaped grounds bounded 
by Hammond street, Beacon street, and 
Tudor road. 

In honor of the donor the residence, 
a mansion modeled after Gwydyr ^^U 
In Wales, will be known a» the CarSinai 
O'Connell Hall. In the announcentent, 
which was made by the Very Rev. Wil- 
liam J. Murphy, S. J., president of-the 
college, tribute w^m paid to the C»j|di- 
nal. It aaid: 

•'Cardinal O'Connell during his Idng 
and brilliant career has always ^ten 
Intimately associated with the co^^ge 
and has been most instrumental in 'Pro- 
moting Its progress. Boston ColleEO i»en 
everywhere will take great satisfatstlon 
In the knowledge that the name of the 
most distinguished alumnus and cpn- 
etant benefactor of the college \\i||;al-' 
way be thus splendidly associated With 
'the campus." 

Plans tor Buikjing 

Indications of the direction « hir^ the ' 
expansion of the college at L'liivafjity 
Helglits is to take, were givtn in the ; 
announcement of the purchaF^c of the I 
estate by the cardinal. The main build- j 
Ing, which Is of Tudor design .Tn.l made i 
of brick and sandstone, will probflfbly 
be used for lectures, class rooms. olBces 
and rooms for student actl\ii irs. IB j 
addition, facilities will be prnvitied (or; 
debating rooms and a dramatic wdrk- ■ 
shop. 

For the outbuildings, which are con- 
structed In the old English, half-tim- 
bered style, the college autiiorltics 
have a plan for incorporation itito the 
athletic programme. These buildings. 
It was pointed out, are grouped around 
an open court In the form of a square, 
and when remodeled, will make an ex- 
cellent field house. It is but a short 
distance from these buildings to the 
Beacon street corner of Alumni Field 
and they will offer competitors in sports 
field-house facilities not conveniently 
available before. 

To Be Ready in Fall 

Work will go forward Immediately on 
the necessary remodelling so that all 
buildings will be ready for their new 
use at the opening of classes In Sep- 
Jaonber. -In, addition to the plans tor 




GIFT TO B.C. 
ANNOUNCED 




Cardinal O'Connell 

Makes Present of 

.Liggett Estate 



In the largest addition to the 
campus since the original purchase 
of the site on University Heights in 
1907, Boston College announced last 
night the gift to the college by Car- 
dinal O'Connell of the spacious and 
rpagnificent Louis K. Liggett estate 
»t Chestnut Hill, just across a nar- 
row s{rcet from the present boun- 
daries of the institution. 



Page 2 — Seventh Col. 



The grand staircase in 
O'Connell Hall. This 
photo was taken while the 
building was being used 
by the College of Business 
Administration. 




in 1939. The twenty-nine year old former assistant coach at 
Fordham soon recalled the days of the Iron Major, as he 
turned in a 20-1 record in his two year stay, before responding 
to the call of his own Alma Mater, Notre Dame. 

The single loss of 1939 did not keep the Eagles from return- 
ing to the Cotton Bowl, held at the same stadium which B.C. 
had dedicated two decades earlier. A second-half field goal 
gave B.C. its only score in a low count Clemson victory, 6-3. 
But the next year . . . 

That was the year! The Eagles soared to 320 points, kept 
the opposition to a 52 point total. Trouncings of Center, 
Tulane, Temple, Idaho (60-8) , Saint Anselm's, Manhattan, 
B.U., Auburn, and Holy Cross were merely routine. But 
Georgetown had been undefeated in the three previous years. 
B.C. led 19-16 with two minutes left when the Georgetown 



line pushed the Eagles to their own goal line. With 19 yards 
to go on the first down, Charley O'Rourke raced around the 
end zone, taking an intentional safety to kill time. George- 
town now had the ball, but it was too late. Grantland Rice's 
"greatest football game ever played" was history. 

New Year's Day saw the Boston club in New Orleans' Sugar 
Bowl before 73,000 fans. The first half was a defensive battle 
interrupted only by a Volunteer tally late in the first quarter. 
After the half, the southern school found that B.C. had an 
offense too. The ferocious blocks of Toczylowski opened up 
a hole for Maznicki and Connolly. Maznicki kicked the extra 
point and it was a tie game. The seesaw continued as Tennes- 
see countered 13-7 and Connolly, Holovak, and Manicki made 
up the deficit. Currinan broke up a field goal attempt and 
gained possession for B.C. with six minutes left. It had 



V^ 



O'Connell Hall from the 
south side. 




/*v~ ^ ^^ J-JSl: 




"Chuckin' Charlie" O'Rourke (Lucky 13) cutting the Georgetown 
end in "the greatest football game ever played." B.C. 19— George- 
town 18. 







All aboard for Texas, Clemson, and the 1940 Cotton Bowl. 




Boston College's Vito Ananis hits the Clemson stone wall. 



Head Coach Frank Leahy 




rv^ 






"Monk" Maznicki grinds his way across the Sugar Bowl to the Tennessee 10. 



1942— Ail-Americans Holovak 
(12) and Gladchuk (45) lift 
a Tennessee ball carrier out 
of action in the 1942 Sugar 
Bowl. B.C. 19-Tenn. 13. 




1943— The Orange Bowl backfield: Holovak, Connolly, Mangene, and Doherty. "Iron Mike" Holovak 
scored all three B.C. touchdowns to become first string Ail-American fullback on every poll. B.C. 
21, Alabama 37. 




Coach Dennis Myers. 




113 




Holy Communion in the war barracks of Boston College. 



been steamroller football before; now "Chuckin' Charlie" 
O'Rourke passed the maroon and gold to an 80-yard drive. 
Fabilski pulled in two; Maznicki a third. On an off-tackle 
slant from a kick foiTnation behind Toczylowski's blocking, 
O'Rourke totally befuddled the haggard Vols and put B.C. 
on top, 19-13. A last desperate Tennessee pass was intercepted 
and B.C. was the National Champion. 

The mastermind of it all left for Notre Dame and was re- 
placed by Denny Myer, who brought a new-fangled "T" to 
the city of famous tea parties. The graduation of nearly all 
of the Sugar Bowl team posed a need for rebuilding. By 1942 
the job was done and a perfect record, with only one game 
left, pointed to a repeat Sugar Bowl bid for the top-ranked 
team in the nation. Then the Holy Cross bombshell hit as 
B.C. suffered its worst Crusader defeat in history, 12-55. The 
players were so disheartened that they cancelled plans to 
celebrate the end of a victorious season that evening at the 
Cocoanut Grove. When news of the tragic fire appeared in 
the morning papers, students at both schools could only be 
grateful for the providential outcome of the game. The Eagles 
had to settle for an Orange Bowl tilt against Alabama. New 
Year's in Florida was stifling; the Eagles were injury ridden. 
Nevertheless, the men from the Land of Cod marched 76 
and 80 yards to Holovak's two quick TD's. Alabama had not 
been idle, and when Lucas, Mangene, and Holovak put Iron 
Mike over again, B.C. held a slim 21-19 edge. Lucas broke a 
leg and one disaster followed another as a field goal put the 
Crimson Tide in front. It had been predicted that second-half 
replacements would decide the tale, and so they did. Exhaus- 
tion in the heat slowed the Eagles' flight while Alabama 
forged ahead to a 37-21 victory. 

But now the war was raging and players and coaches alike 
left to do battle on a new field. A fine schedule was scratched 
but, even so, an inexperienced team forged an undefeated 
five game season. Especially noteworthy was the 6-6 tie with 
Harvard, which represented the first meeting of the two schools 



The Boston College chaplains of World War II 





During the war the college was administered by the Society and the 
Army. 



The soldiers in the Army Specialized Training Program used St. 
Mary's Hall as a central office and barracks. 



in 23 years. Standout of the truncated season was Eddie 
Doherty, voted to nearly every All-American squad. As the 
first B.C. player in 20 years to play for the Eastern All-Stars, 
he quarterbacked one of their two TD's. 

The pre-war years also found B.C. dominating the New 
England Hockey League. The Sands Memorial Trophy went 
to the Kelleymen in 1940 and stayed at the Heights for three 
years. Eighteen consecutive victories in two years and twenty- 
five such victories in league play under team-captains Pryor 
and Boudreau were followed by an NAAU championship, 
before more serious matters in Europe ended the Eagle reig^. 



The college took a big step west in 1941 when the Louis K. 
Liggett estate on Hammond Street was purchased for the 
rapidly expanding College of Business Administration. In 
gratitude to the donor, the rambling structure was renamed 
O'Connell Hall. The building, which once required a team 
of thirty servants and groundskeepers, was a 25-room Tudor 
mansion patterned after Gwydr Hall in Wales. The nine and 
a half acres included riding stables and a $100,000 swimming 
pool. 

The war began to exert considerable impact on Boston 
College in 1942. Previous to this time, a pilot-training pro- 



Linden Lane echoed to the terse (oinmands of morning inspection. 




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Soldiers on their way to Alumni Field for inspection. 



The barracks on the southeastern slopes of the college grounds. 
The buildings in the rear stood on the present site of Campion 
Hall. The building in the foreground served as a gymnasium until 
Roberts Center was built. It was torn down in late 1958 to allow 
construction on Cushing Hall to begin. 




gram had been instituted and the first college company of the 
Marine Corps Reserves had been formed. In 1943 the student 
population dwindled appreciably as over 300 students entered 
the services. An accelerated program was planned for the 
freshmen entering in February to enable them to complete 
the normal four year program in two. 

In July of 1943, Boston College was designated a training 
center for the new "Army Specialized Training Program," 
which was designed to train technicians and specialists for the 
Army. Trainees were to be soldiers on active duty. St. Mary's 
was evacuated by the Jesuits and then transformed into a 
residence for 400 soldiers. The program continued until it 
was suddenly cancelled in mid-March, 1944, because the troops 
in training were needed to support the Normandy invasion. 

In April, 1944, the student body of Arts and Sciences fell 
to the wartime low of 236. After this the quick rise back to 
new postwar highs began. The return to relative normalcy 
was well under way by September, when the Jesuits came back 
to St. Mary's and special programs were established for the 
returning veterans. 

Boston College had been very nearly destroyed by the 
Second World War. Not in a physical sense, of course; the 
buildings still stood. In fact the war provided Boston College 
with several new barracks, which had been purchased by the 
university after the war and moved to the college property 
from discontinued military installations. The college also 
bought a gymnasium which it erected during the winter of 
1946-47. But the steady growth of Boston College into a uni- 
versity of national significance had been brought to a halt by 
the bayonets and rifles of the military trainees who took over 



Two of the four great bells in Gasson Tower. These bells have 
been rung on only four special occasions since 1913: the death 
of Father Gasson, the end of World War II, the opening of the 
Vatican Council, and the one-hundredth anniversary of the 
college. 




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The Hod Carriers of Boston College. 



SSW^^tS!''^' " " 





Paper bricks of this type were given to those who 
donated to the building of the College of Business 
Administration. 



the campus. The business school, founded in 1938, had to 
hold classes in O'Connell Hall, a spacious house but hardly 
an adequate classroom building. In all, less than 100 students 
had graduated in the war years of 1945 and 1946. When the 
war ended abruptly under an atomic cloud, however, thousands 
of GI's traded khakis for coats and ties and marched to the 
campuses of America for the education Uncle Sam had 
promised them under the G.I. Bill. 

Fr. William L. Keleher, S.J., succeeded Father Murphy as 
Rector of Boston College in September, 1945, barely in time 
to make plans for the invading army of education-starved 
veterans. The increase in enrollment was phenomenal. When 
Father Keleher took office in 1945, there were all of 650 under- 
graduates; but by September, 1947, 4100 day students, two 
thirds of whom were veterans, flooded the Chestnut Hill cam- 
pus. The need for additional classroom space, especially for 
the rapidly expanding College of Business Administration, 
could no longer be ignored. Father Keleher immediately put 
into operation plans for the erection of the new business 
college across an emergent quadrangle from Gasson Hall. 
Work began on June 2, 1947, without even the formality 
of a ground-breaking ceremony. 

The growth of the Boston College we know today dates 
from the somewhat haphazard and hasty plans which were 
made to meet the onrush of students immediately after the 



Rev. William L. Keleher, S.J., the twentieth President of 
Boston College (1945-1952). 



The "master plan" in 1945. 




Fulton Hall as conceived by architects Maginnis and Walsh. 



war. Apparently there was no complex scheme for new build- 
ings such as the present development program. Still, the 
work which was done in those hectic days has proven to be 
well-suited to the needs of the expanding university. 

To finance the new building and to provide capital for 
future expansion, Father Keleher embarked on an ambitious 
fund-raising campaign. The million-dollar drive was the first 
appeal to the community in over twenty years. Forty per cent 
of the goal was quickly raised by the alumi. To realize the 
remainder of the sum. Father Keleher enlisted the students' 
aid in appealing to the people of Boston. This phase of the 
campaign opened with a giant rally on the Chestnut Hill 
campus, during which the rector explained the need for stu- 
dent support in soliciting funds. The response was fantastic. 
Armed with pledge cards, Boston College students visited 
businessmen in their local communities, seeking "Bricks for 
B.C." Each donor was presented with a paper brick in return 
for his contributions. The Governor of Massachusetts, Robert 
F. Bradford, was one of the first to buy a brick. At one of the 
many rallies held to kindle the enthusiasm of the student body, 
cartoonist Al Capp dashed off renditions of the ever-popular 
Daisy Mae on the steps of Bapst Library. 

New buildings were not the only innovation in this vibrant 
post-war Boston College. In February, 1947, Boston College 
took one more step on the road to becoming a full-scale uni- 
versity when the School of Nursing opened classes at New- 
bury Street. More significant for the student at the time was 
the arrival of coeds on the pristine hills of the campus. The 
nurses traveled to the Heights twice a week for science classes, 
to be greeted on arrival by hostile jibes and unbelieving stares. 

The predominantly veteran make-up of the student body 
presented a number of problems. The close-knit unity of the 
pre-war classes had been lost, and Heights editorials blasted 
the growth of cliques and sought greater unity among the 
student body. The football team helped reestablish this unity. 
Torchlight parades, held before the games, wound down 
Commonwealth Avenue to the Common and only broke up 
after hours of cheering and celebration. One of the most 

Father Keleher and Archbishop Gushing fill the cornerstone of the 
College of Business Administration. 









Boston College School of Dramatic Arts, 194 J. 



violent of the leaders of these parades was the elusive Giles 
Threadgold. He appeared time after time on theater marquees 
and in newspaper office windows exhorting the students to 
new heights of frenzy. During one rally he had the crowd 
chanting "Hey, Hey, take it away!" at the manager of the 
theater exhibiting the motion picture. Forever Ainher, 
which had been denounced by a Heights editorial as immoral. 
A few grumblings were heard from the veterans about the 
value of philosophy courses, but the answer was ready: they 
were materialists. A student council was formed towards the 
end of April in 1948, and the student body began to act like 
average collegians again by hurling blasts and counterblasts 
back and forth about the value of this body. 

Expansion did not stop with the founding of the Nursing 
School or the laying of the cornerstone of the Business School 
by Archbishop Gushing in October, 1947. The gothic smoke- 
stack of the service binlding raised its grimy head into "Heav- 
en's own Blue" at mid-year 1948, and plans to bring the Law 
School to the Ghestnut Hill Gampus were annoimced in 1949. 
The large influx of student cars was responsible for the first 
attempts at filling in the lower-campus reservoir. Alumni Hall 
had been purchased in 1947 but was unfit for occupancy at 
that time. It was an almost perfect copy of an ancient mansion 
of the Tudor period in England, but had fallen into disrepair 
during the thirties and forties. In 1950 it was renovated and 
made the headquarters of the Alumni organization and the 
school publications. 

Behind the movement to place the Law School on the 
Ghestnut Hill campus was the overriding desire to achieve a 
real unity of the student body, which was also the chief pre- 
occupation of the vocal students of the time. The fantastic 
growth of the student body since the war, the lack of adequate 
facilities for informal student life, and the overcrowding of 



campus classroom space combined to thwart the development 
of any real unity among the students. The construction of 
the new buildings had relieved some of the pressure, but there 
was still a lot of work to be done. 

Activities to keep the students busy after classes were sprout- 
ing every few months in these renaissance years. The R.O.T.C. 
program was activated in 1947 as an artillery unit. In the 
late forties, the student government was an active participant 
in the National Student Association and the National Federa- 
tion of Catholic Gollege Students. A campus radio station, 
WBBC, was formed after the completion of Fulton Hall in 
1948. Students in large numbers congregated on the lawn in 
front of the library to say the rosary for Cardinal Mindzenty 
when he was on trial in Hungary. 

When the veterans returned to the Heights, they lost no 
time in bringing to Ghestnut Hill the greatest era in her 
hockey history. A 4-3 upset over Dartmouth was the feature 
of the season, which was marked by the outstanding goal tend- 
ing of Bernie Burke. A new attraction was added to New 
England intercollegiate hockey that year: the first New Eng- 
land playoffs to select a representative for the NCAA cham- 
pionships. Although a 14-5 record left the Kelleymen second 
to B.U. in season play, the tournament gave the Eagles a 
second chance that launched them en route to Colorado 
Springs. Pitted against a strong Michigan sextet, they waged 
an impressive battle before succumbing 6-4 in overtime. 

The fabulous 1949 season commenced with a 13-5 rout 
against M.I.T., with Jack Mulhern pulling the hat trick. One 
victory followed another: Harvard fell 9-4, as Fitzgerald took 
his turn with the hat. The largest arena crowd since the '20's 
saw the Eagles turn back Colorado in overtime, 6-5. The 
Crimson toppled once again 8-5. Victories over Dartmouth 
and B.U. gave the Eagles the Sands trophy for the seventh 
time in a decade. 

Now the Newton lads were off to Colorado for the second 
straight year. A 7-3 victory over Colorado and a 4-3 win over 
Dartmouth in the finals clinched for the Maroon and Gold 
the Broadmoor Trophy, symbol of national championship. 

Alumni Hall. 





The formal gardens of the building, overlooking the reservoir 



The south side of Alumni Hall. 





"•A.^SH' ?i» 



The laying of the cornerstone of Lyons Hall. 





All-American honors went to Burke for his con- 
sistency in the nets and to Butch Songin for his 
work on defense. Cheering crowds could scarcely 
see the returning Kelleymen, hidden under ten- 
gallon hats. 

The icemen were not alone in creating history 
in that famous 1949. The men of the gridiron, 
despite a so-so season, handed the Purple Cru- 
saders their biggest licking in the history of the 
rivalry. Al Cannava's four touchdowns helped 
him to the O'Melia award as the game's top 
player. Ed Patela, top scorer with four more 
TD's and ten of eleven extra points, added to 
the 76-0 shutout! 

The end of the war marked the beginning of 
a new intercollegiate sport at Boston College, 
as Father Ring, Moderator-coach of the basket- 
ball team and Director of Athletics, prepared his 
team for competition with other universities. 
Lack of proper practice facilities had thwarted 
earlier extramural attempts, and this same lack 
made the 1946 season a disappointing one. But 
Coach Al "General" McClellan was not willing 
to let his team remain the "doormat of the New 
England region" for long. In 1947 the Eagles 
were on the threshold of success, until Elmer 
Morgenthaler, a 7']" center from Texas, whose 
shot was as fast as his drawl was slow, left the 
Eagles' nest to play professional ball with Provi- 
dence. Despite the loss of its most valuable 
player, the squad managed a .500 average for 
the season, largely due to the fierce tactics of 
John Letvinchuk. In 1948 the team, sparked by 
Letvinchuk and a trio of sophomores from New 
York, capped a 13-9 season by playing a benefit 
game against Georgetown for the Jesuit Reha- 
bilitation Fund in the Philippines. Despite the 
good overall season records, the games with Holy 
Cross often proved to be tough ones for the 
Eagles, and this was especially so during the 
years of 1949 and 1950, when they came face-to- 
face with Bob Cousy. Even in defeat, however, 
McClellan's army staged a brilliant campaign, 
retreating only under the all-too-real fire of 
Cousy's 37-point record-breaking barrage in the 
1950 game. This and thirteen years were enough 
to convince the Eagles that it might be better 
to have him on their side. 

Meanwhile, the baseball team made a glorious 



122 













Another tower takes its place on the Heights. 



President of the College, Father William Keleher S J 
wishes the workmen good luck. 




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The 1949 New England N.C.A.A. Champions. 




This 1949 picture is perhaps the best-loved in the history of the Boston 
College-Holy Cross series. 



Al Murra) (hdps i ( lusidii is Id Riu I i s( inipers for his fourth 
touchdown ot the day B C 7b— H.C. 0. 



viSfTORSOo BOSTON 76 
VISITORS BALL ; 





The 76 to victory left very little to be buried. 



125 




Rev. Joseph R. Maxwell, S.J.. the twenty-first President of Boston 
College (1952-1958). 



One of those great pre-game riots. 





Co-education was most appreciated at the rallies. 



comeback. Switching from grenades to baseballs, the diamond- 
men became New England Intercollegiate Champions, while 
Jerry Daunt's many-faceted talents at second base made him 
an Eastern Collegiate All-Star. Undaunted by the loss of 
several top players, the Eagle nine came back for another 
winning season in 1948, helped along by the pitching of 
"Shutout" Steve Stuka, who provided his own best support 
with a .500 batting average. Good though the '48 season was, 
it could not top the show put on in 1949, the last of Coach 
Freddy McGuire's eleven successful seasons with the Eagles. 
Highlight of the year was a game with Holy Cross late in the 
season, when these two Jesuit rivals were top contenders for 
the NCAA crown. Although the Cross was ahead 2-0 in the 
seventh inning, the diamondmen responded to the sound of 
For Boston ringing in from center field to tie up the game. 
A pitching duel between Levinson (B.C.) and Formon (H.C.) 
was finally broken in the twelfth inning, when Billy Ryan hit 
a long line drive, tried to stretch it, and beat the throw to 
home plate by a whisker to crush Holy Cross with their second 
defeat of the year at the hands of the Heightsmen and to make 
the Eagles New England NCAA Champions. 

New England Championships were not the exclusive prop- 
erty of the major sports on campus, however. In 1949 the Ski 
Team won the New England Ski Conference Championship 
by sweeping the slalom and downhill events at Mt. Thorn, 
New Hampshire. Coach "Snooks" Kelley's golfers followed 
suit by putting the New England title on ice for two successive 
years in 1949 and 1950. In the latter year, the linksmen posted 
a new team record of 293 at Oakley Country Club, while Cap- 
tain Dick Kinchla won the New England singles championship 
for the second time. 

The growth of the college continued into 1949 with more 
than 1000 freshmen starting classes that year. The complexion 
of the student body, however, was beginning to change; for 
the first time there were more non-veterans than veterans 
at Boston College. The presence of 400 non-Bostonians by 
1947 was sufficient to cause a Heights reporter to ask for a re- 
scheduling of social events to allow them to attend the proms 
which traditionally had been held during the long vacations, 
and Junior Week returned with all its attendant splendor in 
May. After an absence of twenty years, the New York Club 
was revived in 1951. Another Heights writer, proposing an in- 



surance purchase plan as a method for giving Boston College 
a class gift, stated: "It is conceivable that buildings could be 
constructed every six or eight years with such a plan in effect." 
These events only hinted at the future Boston College, with 
its cosmopolitan atmosphere and its tremendous physical 
growth. 

The next step in the physical expansion of Boston College 
was the construction of Lyons Hall. Plans for the building 
were announced in April, 1950, and construction was started 
soon afterwards. In November, 1951, the building was finished, 
complete with the much-needed Welch Dining Hall— named 
the Commons at first, but popularly known as the Caf. The 
filling in of the reservoir had to begin again after a flood in 

1951. Competition for the needed fill dirt was fierce because 
of the construction at this time on route 128, but enough of 
the reservoir was filled in to give the track team a plot of 
land where they could practice field events. 

Fr. Joseph R. N. Maxwell succeeded Father Keleher as 
president of the university in September, 1951, and lost no 
time in shocking the student body. He announced that a 
new School of Education would open in 1952 and thus assured 
the presence of the feared coeds in greater numbers. But the 
students were even more disturbed by world news. The 
Korean War had broken out in June of 1950 and again Uncle 
Sam was forced to recruit from the ranks of college students. 
A Military Advisory Board was established to counsel the stu- 
dents, while the Heights ran a long series of articles on the 
possibilities and problems of the draft. The war, however, 
was not serious enough to trouble the administration, and the 
slight drop in enrollment never presented the problems of 
the Second World War. Expansion continued. 

The School of Education opened its doors in September, 

1952, with a freshman class of 110 women and 60 men. 
Twenty-five girls lived off campus. Coeducation had become 
an unavoidable fact on the sacred hills of Newton and the 
presence of the female could no longer be ignored. 

The opening of the new School of Education precipitated 
one of the longest and most interesting debates ever held 
within the student body. A Heights editorial in April of 
1952 welcomed the foundation of the new school and the 





127 



change in campus atmosphere which it implied. But a 
Heights cartoonist in the same issue drew a savage carica- 
ture emphasizing the questionable charms of the girls then 
on campus. The struggle was only beginning. In the fall 
of '52, an inquiring reporter asked the girls about their 
reception. "In the beginning it was especially amusing to 
be the object of all the hoots and stares, but the way it 
is continued by some of the boys takes all the fun out of 
it," said one anxious girl. Another determined coed re- 
solved to do something to improve the situation: "You 
may be marvels in academic circles, but you certainly need 
some experience in dealing with the opposite sex. Most 
of you treat us like so many bottles of nitroglycerine. . . . 
Give us a few months and we'll have you acting like 
normal people." 

The male students didn't seem to realize their plight. 
Their reactions ranged from resignation to prophesies of 
doom. "As long as they're here, let's make the best of it," 
was the opinion of one of the less disturbed gentlemen. A 
more articulate freshman saw the arrival of the girls as 
a blow to the school's prestige: "We'll come to be known 
as just another college. And in the second place, I just 
don't think it's becoming of B.C.'s tradition to have these 
man-traps draped all over the campus." Another student 
came right to the point: "B.C. has had it!" The student 
body was slow to recognize the importance of the change. 
There was a powerful nostagia for the old Boston College- 
small, male, and easily unified. The impact of the erection 
of the two major buildings and the large increase in enroll- 
ment after the war had not changed the basic concept and 
role of Boston College. There was some talk of making 
the university the best in New England, but the farthest 
limits of its student population were assumed to stop there. 

To further the unity of the student body and to develop 
an awareness of the university's tradition, the trustees of 
Boston College decided to name the major buildings of 
the campus after the men who were prominent in the 
foundation and growth of the college: Gasson, Lyons, 
Fulton, Devlin, Bapst. This move had first been suggested 
in the late forties and early fifties by a Heights editor in 
order to remove the cold classifications of Tower Building, 
Science Building, Library, and Business School. 

Father Maxwell would not let Boston College stand 



Many a B.C. man has stolen a key and climbed the 384 steps 
into the tower to leave his name on a piece of steel. 




J 




In 1957 the college acquired the column and base of the Admiral Dewey 
Memorial from the city of Boston. The eagle was then moved to its 
present site on Linden Lane. The base of the Dewey monument sits 
in the garden in front of Lyons Hall. 




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In 1954 Boston College became the owner of 
a gold eagle, which for almost three years stood 
in front of Alumni Hall. 





St. Thomas More Hall, the Law School. 



still. He had ambitious plans for expansion and the skill to 
realize them. The Law School was under construction by 
December of 1953, and before it had been completed work 
was begun on the building which would house the new 
School of Education. Campion Hall frightened the new 
students even more than the arrival of the coeds some two 
years before, since the architecture constituted a radical de- 
parture from the modified collegiate Gothic of the earlier 
buildings. Students shook their heads in dismay as the columns 
of the portico were put in place. They trembled in fruitless 
anger when bricks were used instead of granite facing. But 
all admitted that it was progress, and not to be denied. The 
age of functional architecture had arrived and people were 
almost willing to accept it. 

Campion Hall was ready for classes in September, 1955. 
That same month marked the opening of the first of the 
dormitories: Xavier, Claver, and Loyola Halls. Three hundred 
students could now live on campus. This required another 
concession from the traditionalists: Boston College was firmly 



committed to the out-of-state student and it would never 
again be the Boston day-student mecca of the thirties and 
forties. 

Throughout the early '50's athletic history at the Heights 
centered squarely on Snooks Kelley and his annual sextet. 
The NCAA Championship eluded the Eagles, but that did 
not detract from the repeated captures of the New England 
Championship. 

In the 1950 series, B.C.'s 15-3 trouncing of Bowdoin in 
the semi-finals set an Arena season scoring record and paved 
the way to a 2-1 decision over B.U. The Sands Trophy would 
spend a third year on Chestnut Hill. The following season 
saw Coach Kelley faced with the "toughest schedule in the 
history of New England Hockey" and a sophomore-studded 
team to prepare for it. A quick 4-1 win over Brown started 
things off. At Thanksgiving, however, Michigan and Colorado 
took their toll, statistically and physically as well. Neverthe- 
less, Kelley's icemen reached the playoffs and trounced Tufts 
14-1 before bowing 4-1 to constant rival B.LT. 



Archbishop Gushing blesses the Law School, 1953. 



Richard Cardinal Gushing, Gregory Cardinal Agaganian, and 
Father Maxwell break ground in 1954 for Gampion Hall, the School 
of Education. 





130 




Campion Hall. 






St. Mary's Hall viewed from the 
southern approach. 



A quiet corner in the Cloister 
Garden. 





I 



The Ford Tower 
Bapst Library. 



of 




Two near-but-oh-so-far seasons when the Eagles narrowly missed 
the bid to represent New England in the nationals bridged the gap 
to 1954, when the hockey team once again dominated New England 
play. The 17-2 record earned B.C. another trip to the midwest 
homeland of Michigan and Minnesota. Prominence in New Eng- 
land and frustration nationally has been the pattern ever since. 

In football, 1951 was a year to remember: a poor overall record 
was salvaged in the final game. Fledgling Coach Holovak fielded 
a 20-point underdog against a Crusader team sporting an 8-1 
record and averaging nearly 40 points a game. Sure enough Holy 
Cross took an early 7-0 lead. An interception by Bob Cote and 
some hard running by John McCaidey and the Eagles came right 
back to trail by one after six minutes. In the second period, another 
Crusader error, a fumble on B.C.'s 8-yard line, gave B.C. the ball. 
A march of 92 yards, hacked right through the Crusader line, ended 




with a spectacular end-zone catch by Captain Mike Roarke. Both teams began 
the second half with long but unsuccessful drives. The Purple finally hit pay 
dirt in the fourth quarter to lead 14-12. Fans on both sides of the field considered 
that the deciding tally. B.C.'s freshman quarterback Jim Kane and his classmate, 
halfback Joe Sullivan, thought differently. A 56-yard conspiracy set up Joe 
Johnson's third-down TD; 19-14 said the scoreboard. "We want Egan," shouted 
the Heightsmen, as they marched down Commonwealth to the Record-American 
offices to find the man who had predicted not only a B.C. loss (everyone had) , 
but even that the Chestnut Hill school would soon be dropping football. On 
to City Hall with cries of, "We want the Mayor!" This, the last of the g^eat 
forays downtown, would never be forgotten. 

Sometime between the construction of Lyons Hall in 1951 and the years of 
1953 and 1954, a B.C. habit popular today became a part of campus life. It 
was the tradition of the coffee-cup discussion. Before the erection of Lyons Hall, 



The new Alumni Stadium. This photo was taken on dedication day, 1957. 









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Navy takes to the air in the dedication game. 







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Ten seconds remained as Joe Johnson smashed his way over the goal line to give 20-point-underdog B.C. a 19-14 verdict over the Cross 

in 1931. 





Two Thousand Heightsmen Storm Boston; 
Spontaneous Parade Causes Sensation 



In what was tei'med "the most 
spontaneous and colorful celebra- 
tion of its kind ever witnessed in 
Boston," two thousand exuberant 
Boston College men took the city 
b\ siege in a post-game rally last 
Monday, honoring their upset vic- 
t u over Holy Cross two days be- 

The conquering heroes proceeded 
without the aid of a wooden horse 
to take over City Hall and the at- 
tention of thousands of amazed 
Christmas shoppers and office- 
workers in their triumphant march. 

Festivities started at the campus 
when a conniving red-head, in- 
spired by tales of the "good old 



days," called for a celebration and 
received spirited support, collect- 
ing a mass of students with the 
aid of a bass drum, and snake- 
dancing them on St, Mary's Hall., 
suggesting a day off from classes 
to celebrate the Cross victory. Fr. 
Maxwell graciously responded by 
praising the victory and their 
spirit, and declaring January 2nd 
a "day of rest" on the condition 
that the students heed his previous 
admonitions about keeping the 
cafeteria and the grounds clean. 

With the taste of victory on 
their tongues, the gathering piled 
into about 300 automobiles and 
proceeded downtown "en masse." 
After disembarking, they routed 



Coach Holavak and Captain Mike 
Roarke from the weekly football 
luncheon at the Hotel Vendome, 
and carried the two through the 
streets, cheering and singing as 
they went. At City Hall, Mayor 
Hynes had no key to the city to 
present, so he presented City Hall 
instead, and "Saturday's Heroes," 
Jim Kane and Tom Joe Sullivan, 
were made honorary "Mayor of 
Boston" and "President of the City 
Council" respectively. The remain- 
der of the march was just as en- 
thusiastic. 

Another contingent of thirty 
cars showed up at Worcester, but 
the tender reception awaiting them 
was postponed by Worcester police. 



The pre-game rally was nothing like the post-game riot. J''* 



The celebration began at 
O'Connell Hall, . . . 



swept down Commonwealth 
Avenue, . . . 




checked Mike Holovak at the Ven- 
dome, . . . 



and ended the day in front of 
the Record American to catcall 
Dane Egan, who in a pre-game 
write up predicted B.C. would 
drop football as a result of the 
Cross game. 



cheered the mayor as he proclaimed 
"Boston College Day, . . . 










e^. 






:;y^>^Sf^F'iJ^. 



The Boston College Dormitories as they appeared in 1958. 



The erection of Kostka and Gonzasfa Halls in 1957. 







the old cafeteria facilities had been limited to the basement of Gasson 
Hall, where serious overcrowding prevented any extended social con- 
tact. In contrast to this, the new caf in Lyons had plenty of room and 
a curious blend of coffee which acted as a kind of mental purgative 
for the eager young minds at Boston College. It was during these lei- 
surely coffee cup discussions that many of the new ideas (some of 
them sincere) about the process of education at Boston College were 
first introduced and discussed. 

The mood of self-analysis was not the exclusive property of the 
student body. In fact, it was largely suggested by the university self- 
study conducted by Fr. William V. E. Casey at the request of Father 
Maxwell. Such a close look at the quality of education at Boston 
College was well-timed. The Business School had reduced its phi- 
losophy requirements from 28 to 18 semester hours beginning Septem- 
ber, 1955. In March of '54, the Heights noted an experiment at Notre 
Dame which eliminated compulsory class attendance for honor stu- 
dents. The newspaper also printed, in April of 1955, a report on 
student apathy by the AAUP chapter at Dartmouth University. Aca- 
demic Freedom was mentioned in an editorial for the first time in 
February of 1955 and in October of the same year the newspaper 
printed a plea for individualism within the liberal Catholic tradition. 
The keynote in education was self-study and Father Casey carried 
on a vigorous program. He submitted questionnaires to the student 
body asking them to rate the respective departments. Heights editors 
reported that the Philosophy and Theology departments were the 
lowest rated, but were obliged to admit in the next issue that their 
information was incomplete and their conclusions unjustified. 

The results of Father Casey's self-study were published in September, 
1955, and became the basis for many of the future changes in the 
university. Among the specific recommendations were the enlargement 
of library facilities and intensification of the reading program, the 
development of an adequate athletic complex, and the foundation 
of a guidance system to offer students help in choosing courses and 
majors. All these recommendations in one form or another were 
carried out in the coming years. 

Enrollment, which had been slipping since the Korean War, took a 
sharp upturn in September, 1955. There were now 7096 full-time 
students in the university, including 1886 women and 665 from 
beyond the borders of Massachusetts. The impact of the crop of war 
babies on the size and unity of the college was foreseen with regret 
by more than one admirer of the old Boston College, but nothing 



could turn back the pages of history. In September, 
1956, 2200 freshmen arrived to replace the 1100 seniors 
who had departed. The cost of education was rising 
with the large numbers of people who were applying. 
There seemed to be no upward bound to the growth 
of the college, and Father Maxwell took immediate 
steps to provide the facilities for the vast increase in 
the student body. 

In February, 1957, following the suggestions made 
by Father Casey in his report, Father Maxwell an- 
nounced plans for the rebuilding and enlarging of 
Alumni Stadium and the erection of a new gymna- 
sium. The campaign for a new field was energized by 
the decision of the Red Sox owners to evict the Eagles 
from Fenway Park, where they had played football for 
many years. Ground was broken for the new gym in 
May, 1957, and Alumni Stadium was dedicated in 
September of the same year. The money for these un- 
dertakings had been raised in an amazingly short 
time, largely due to Archbishop Cushing's contribu- 
tion of $50,000, which gave impetus to the drive. 
McHugh Forum was added in 1958 and the univer- 
sity was finally able to tear down the temporary struc- 
ture which had served since 1956. The completion of 
the new athletic buildings also meant that, for the 
first time since the war, there existed a meeting place 
large enough to accommodate the entire student body 
at one time. Further construction was also necessary 
to meet the housing needs of the increasingly cosmo- 
politan student body and therefore two new dormi- 
tories, Kostka and Gonzaga Halls, were built. 

By the end of the decade, Boston College was at- 
tracting the attention of the larger charitable founda- 
tions of the country. In 1959 the Ford Foundation 
gave the College of Arts and Sciences $857,000 to raise 
faculty salaries. Sizable grants were also received by 
many of the departments of the school, by the citizens' 
seminars, and by many other facets of the expanding 
Boston College. 




The altar of St. Joseph's Chapel in Gonzaga Hall. 



The path from the main campus to the dormitory area. 




Father Maxwell lends a hand as the site of Roberts 
Center is cleared of trees. (1957) 




The summer of '57 saw Roberts Center take form. 




The gift of Mrs. Vincent P. Roberts. This building houses athletic 
oflfices, the basketball court, squash courts, handball courts, a weight 
room, locker facilities, and a number of university offices. 




The basketball arena, Roberts Center. 




The trophy case in the main lobby of Roberts Center 





The McHugh Forum. 

The curriculum which is taught at Boston College today 
is a result of the self-analysis of the university undertaken in 
the middle fifties. In October, 1956, the students were be- 
ginning to present arguments against the Latin requirement 
for the A.B. degree. Opinion was by no means unanimous: a 
large number of students insisted that the Latin A.B. gave 
Boston College a necessary distinction. But the tide had 
turned. With the Russian successes in space, the emphasis in 
educational circles had shifted to more pragmatic studies. 
Curriculum revision was begun when Father Casey announced 
that philosophy would be taught over a four-year period, 
thus reducing the burden on the upper classes. Also announced 
at this time was the formation of an Honors Program with 
an emphasis on independent study. The new approach out- 
lined by this program was noteworthy enough to call forth 
a grant of $85,000 from the Carnegie Foundation. Finally, 
in May, 1959, the Latin requirement for the A.B. degree, a 
feature of Jesuit education for hundreds of years, was dropped. 

The most significant upheaval within the student body 
during this period was the reorganization of the student coun- 
cil in 1956. The old student council, a large body embracing 



all schools, realized that it could no longer adequately repre- 
sent the laige number of new students and therefore dis- 
banded itself in February of 1956. Committees were appointed 
to form a new student government, and the result was the 
complex organization which represents the student today. 
Senates were established for each school, and Interclass Coun- 
cils were formed to handle large class social events. The 
Campus Council was established as the highest ruling body 
to handle conflicts on the lower levels. The revision was 
accepted by the student body in May, 1956, and remains sub- 
stantially the same today. 

The student body had another topic to discuss when Alpha 
Kappa Psi arrived on the campus in 1955, initiating a debate 
over the value of fraternities which split the student body for 
months. New activities were also established at this time. 
The film society, the Gold Key, and the Toastmaster's circle 
all provided expanding outlets for the energies of the student 
body. Boston College had grown intellectually and physically 
in the ten years since the fund drive in 1947, but the growth 
had been haphazard, responding beautifully to new chal- 
lenges but failing to anticipate upcoming changes. 



The interior of McHugh Forum; the ice area is larger than that m Madison Square Garden. 




... j^^ -cv *«>- »■ "^ rfsv JL. • 

llf^Tt^n f If t 





Detail from the East Porch of Devlin Hall. ,, \ \ 

'Us 




When Fr. Michael P. Walsh, S.J., became the new rector 
in September, 1958, succeeding Father Maxwell, he had a 
definite realization of the nature of the growth in the past 
years and of the requirements for growth in the future. His 
first act was to establish three new administrative offices to 
assist in the development of Boston College. Father Casey 
was named Academic Vice-President, Rev. Francis McManus 
became the Secretary of the University, and Rev. W. Seavey 
Joyce took office as Director of Development and Chairman 
of the University Planning Committee. With the aid of these 
new administrators, Father Walsh set about devising a con- 
crete plan for the future of Boston College. The effort of 
these administrators was to result in the Centennial Develop- 
ment Program. Father Walsh had decided to hold the line 
on enrollment and to concentrate his efforts on giving Boston 
College "excellence" in all its existing facilities. His first 
project was the moving of the Nursing School to the Chestnut 
Hill campus. Ground was broken for the new Cushing Hall 
in February of 1959. 

Coeducation had really arrived by the late 1950's. The first 
coed officer of the student council had been elected in October, 
1954. In December, 1958, a Heigfits writer seriously suggested 
that girls be admitted to all the colleges of the university. This 
seemed to be the general intention of the administration when 
they announced that a small number of girls of "very high 
ability and ambition" would be admitted to the College of 
Arts and Sciences beginning in September, 1959. 

Boston College had come a long way since the end of the 
war. By the beginning of the school year 1959-60 most of 
the developing trends had been recognized and encouraged. 
The new dormitories had provided facilities for 700 boarders, 
and each of the major imdergraduate schools had been located 
in its own buildings on the Chestnut Hill campus. The Bos- 
ton day students' college had become a large and prosperous 
coeducational university. Tuition in September, 1959, was 
.|800 and was rapidly rising, as the largest freshman class in 
history, the "Centennial Class," entered the school. 

Continued on page 144 



The (cnrnil r.impus a^ it .ipjjc.us lioni the athletic area. 





.a..; 






MMsassae^ 



Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J., the twenty-second President of Boston College. 
(1958- ). 






CARDINAL OF CHARITY 



Boston College has had no greater good fortune than to 
have for a patron Boston's beloved Prelate, Richard Cardinal 
Cushing. His good will to men of all faiths and conditions, 
his boundless generosity, and his ever-present good-natured 
spirit are noted characteristics of this splendid man of God, 
which have endeared him to all as the "Cardinal of Charity." 
Cardinal Cushing has been, in the past years, a frequent and 
most welcome guest at the Heights, appearing for convoca- 
tions, dedications, liturgical feasts, and holydays. The good 
cardinal, a staunch B.C. sports fan, has inaugurated such 
characteristically warm-hearted traditions as inviting entire 
communities of nuns to the Homecoming football game. He 
has also spurred most generously the college's development 
program with a magnificent kickoff pledge of $2,000,000. On 
this occasion of its Centennial, Boston College extends her 
heartfelt thanks to His Eminence for his many efforts on 
our behalf. 




Richard Cardinal Cushing '17, 




and boundless generosity. 



Gushing Hall, the Boston College School of Nursing. 





To meet the demands made on the college by the increase 
in applications from out-of-state areas, Father Walsh drew up 
plans for the building of three new dormitories. Cardinal 
Gushing arrived to break ground for the buildings in Decem- 
ber of 1959 and announced to the assembled crowd that he 
was donating two million dollars to the university on the 
occasion of its centennial year in 1963. This gave strong im- 
petus to the plans for the Centennial which were already 
taking shape. 

The Nursing School was dedicated by the cardinal in the 
spring of 1960 and the dormitories were ready for occupancy 
in September of the same year. The way had been cleared 
for new construction, and Father Rector lost no time in 
breaking ground for the new student-faculty center. Cardinal 
Gushing turned the first shovel of earth in the fall of 1960 
and construction was completed by October of 1961. 

As the Centennial approached. Father Walsh announced 
in February of 1961 the most ambitious and most important 
of Boston College's development programs, as important to 
the future of the school as the decision of Father Gasson to 
move the campus out of the city of Boston into the Newton 
foothills. There are no plans for new schools, or imwarranted 
expansion— the goal of the program is not quantity but qual- 
ity. The majority of the |40,000,000 sought is devoted to 
faculty salary endowments and scholarship aid for students.The 

Continued on page 149 





THE CITY OF 
GASSON 






B3 






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in iH m im ill 
HI ■ HI iifii fi 

iiiB;^wiiiniii!i 




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i 



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Ground-breaking for McElroy Com- 
mons, 1961. 



The dormitory area as it now appears. The 
three large buildings in the foreground were 
completed in 1960. The house in the rear wns 
purchased in 1962. 






'--"--r 'imtirT*"- 



St. Joseph's Hall is presently a dormitory. It 
was given to the school by the Philomatheia 
Club in 1936 as an anthropological museum. 



148 



-m^t" 




additional buildings planned will give Boston College a physical 
plant equal to most of the country's finest colleges. The announce- 
ment of the plan and the enthusiasm it has generated is by far the 
most significant event in the history of Boston College since the war. 
No longer is the university merely responding to the challenge of 
changing circumstances. Rather, it is actively seeking to anticipate 
the changes of the future and to become the best Catholic university 
in the country. 

The student body is aware of this quest for excellence and is 
attempting to aid it in every way possible. Senior class gifts in the 
past few years have set national records. The popular habit of 
coffee-cup conversations has switched its locale to the snack bar in 
the new Commons, but the self-analysis and search for improvement 
have increased with the years. The Heights and many of the other 
publications on campus, both large and small, have constantly de- 
bated the problems of education. The Sodality has been active in 
bringing a wide variety of speakers to the campus and in promoting 
an atmosphere of Christian liberalism which has destroyed the more 
dangerous remains of the ghetto atmosphere which prevailed only 
a few years ago. 



The main entrance to McElroy Commons. 




149 




HL}^ 



The campus as it appears from the dormitory area. 




Boston College in 1963, after one hundred years of growth, 
stands at the mid-point in a significant evolution. With the 
completion of the development program, the university will 
have an excellent physical plant. If the current mood of 
criticism and search for improvement which is suggested by the 
new self-study announced by the administration continues, 
Boston College cannot fail to achieve "Strength in Excellence." 



An impromptu party in the dormitory quadrangle. 



St. Joseph's Chapel for resident students. 




Cheverus Hall, one of three 
new dormitories completed 
in 1960 to meet the needs 
of a growing resident stu- 
dent population. 





Shaw House, purchased by the college in 1962 for 
use as a men's residence. 



The life of the dormitory student is filled with many memor- 
able moments. This rally took place in 1961 the night before 
B.C. mauled previous unbeaten Villanova. 




fib 




Boston College All-American End, Artie Graham, pulls another touchdown out of the sky. 





152 



BOWL 
EVIL 



(See Page 4J 



Othe ffieiaWs 

BOSTON COLLEGE ^fl^T 



HEDDA 
GABLER 

(See Page 5) 



FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1962 



VOL. XLIV. NO. 12 



3,500 MARCH FO R BOW L 

Demonstration 
Lasts 3 Hours 



In response to inquiries with respect to a post season football game, the following statement was 
issued to The Heights by University authorities Tuesday evening. 

"The Boston College football schedule traditionally ends with the Holy 
Cross game. In the best interests of all the students, it has been decided that 
the schedule should not be extended beyond the regular season." 



Boston College 
Holy Cross . . . 



48 
12 



Head Coarh of the Boston College Eagles, Jim Miller. 




By JACK SWEENEY, News Editor 

About 3,500 students climaxed a Gotham Bowl demonstra- 
tion last Monday with a march down Commonwealth Ave. 
to seek Cardinal Cushing's help. 



Their spirit, energy, and confidence bolstered by the Holy Cross 
rout, an estimated 3500 B.C. students rioted in support of a trip to 
the Gotham Bowl. The rumor had spread that B.C. had been offered 
a Gotham Bowl bid and was about to turn it down. To protest this 
action, the students staged a spontaneous Monday afternoon riot. Starting 
at McElroy Commons about noon, a crowd of 500 marched to Roberts 
Center, chanting, "We want the Gotham Bowl." Failing to get any 
response from the Athletic Association, the mushrooming crowd moved 
up to the quadrangle to the Eagle monument, where its spirits were re- 
charged from the roof of Gasson Hall by charismatic student-leader 
McCook. After another trip down to Roberts, the crowd, now over 3000 
strong, marched back through the campus and headed down Common- 
wealth Avenue toward the residence of the "B.C. students' friend," 
Cardinal Gushing. In answer to the chant of "We need the cardinal's 
help!" and a stirring rendition of the Alma Mater, the cardinal ap- 
peared on the rear portico of his residence and engaged in a spirited 
dialogue with the students. After pledging his support to the Bowl 
movement, the cardinal promised to attend the game, if it ever came 
about. The crowd dispersed and returned to campus after the cardinal 
told them, "All right, go on back. I'll see what I can do. But remember, 
I have no real jurisdiction." The administration stood fast and in view 
of the turnout at the Bowl, their decision proved to have been in the 
best interests of "the dignity of the university." 





Commander Shea, immortalized in bronze by the college he loved and served so well. 



154 




The Dedication Game at Shea Field. 



"Be a good boy and grow up to be a good young man. Study hard when you go to school. Be 
a leader in everything good in life. Be a good Catholic and you can't help being a good 
American. Play fair always. Strive to win, but if you must lose, lose like a gentleman and 
a good sportsman. Don't ever be a quitter either in sports or in your business or profession 
when you grow up. Get all the education you can." From a letter written by Commander 
Shea to his young son shortly before his death at sea during World War II. 



The Commander Shea Field on the eastern corner of the campus. 



Robert Shea unveiling the plaque of his father during the dedication 
of Shea Field. 





BOSTON COLLEGE -1938 





BOSTON COLLEGE -1963 




BOSTON COLLEGE- 1973 




Augustin Cardinal Bea and Richard Cardinal 
Cushing, kneeling ivith their attendants mo- 
ments before the Consecration at the Centen- 
nial Mass, which ivas. celebrated in the Cathe- 
dral of the Holy Cross, Boston. 



158 




THE 

CENTENNIAL 

CELEBRATION 



The second century begins today. 
We begin it as the first century was 
begun: with a faith that has not failed 
us, with a hope that has been fulfilled, 
and, forever in this university's bright 
future, luith thanksgiving to God. 

Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J. 
President of Boston College 




"Boston College has played a notable part in the life of 
this community and it carries on a most distinguished 
and ancient tradition of Jesuit education. The first 
thought of course, is towards the City of God, but there 
is also cognizance of our obligations to the City of Man." 

John F. Kennedy 

President of the United States 





"/ shall treasure this degree from Boston College 
most highly. It is the first degree I have received 
in the United States and it comes from a univer- 
sity well known in Rome for its energetic efforts 
in the cause of Christian unity." 

Augustin Cardinal Bea 
President of the Secretariat 
for Christian Unity 



"Harvard speaks of her pride in her association with 
Boston College and we wish for her long life and a 
continuation of that strong forward surge with which 
she now so clearly and so creatively is moving ahead." 

Dr. Nathan Marsh Pusey 
President of Harvard University 




Left to right: Father Hans Kiing, Richard Cardinal Gushing, Metropolitan Athenagaros, of the Greek Orthodox Church 
in Montreal, Father Michael Walsh. 

THE CANDLEMAS LECTURE March 21, 1963 



On March 21, 1963, Boston College was honored to present Hans Kiing, a special theologian of the Second 
Vatican Council, as speaker at the annual Candlemas Lecture. Father Kiing, a Jesuit, is Professor of Theology at 
the University of Tiibingen, Germany, and author of The Council, Reforrn and Reunion and several other 
equally timely books. 

Father Kiing spoke in Roberts Center to an overflow audience and expressed his hopes for the future of 
the Council and of the Church. In an address marked by its abstract and learned content, he still managed 
to offer several very basic and concrete objectives. He asked that pre-censorship of theological writings be discon- 
tinued and that the Index of Forbidden Books be abolished. 

Father Kiing spoke of the place of freedom in the context of authority and tradition and offered suggestions 
as to how the Church might make room for liberty among its members. The address received wild applause 
from the large majority of those present. In a speech which followed, Richard Cardinal Cushing gave his ap- 
proval of Father Kiing and expressed his desires for the success of the Council. He also provided a very con- 
crete example of his own efforts in the cause of Christian Unity by introducing Orthodox Metropolitan Athe- 
nagaros, a personal friend of his, whom he had invited to the lecture. 






A relaxed Father Kiing calls for "freedom within the Church.' 



Part of the enthusiastic three 
thousand people who gath- 
ered in Roberts Center to 
hear Father Kiing. 





CITATION 

When the President and Trustees of Boston College set our hands to the 
task of framing the public utterance of our joy and thanksgiving for the crowded 
century since Boston College took its place among the universities of the West, 
we made far and luminous horizons for our hopes. 

We dreamed not only of inviting to the heart of our Centennial splendor our 
own beloved Cardinal of Charity, but of summoning to his side the Cardinal 
of Unity from the City still echoing the voices of the Church in Council. They 
are here with us in our plenary convocation. Together they symbolize and in 
their august persons bear witness to the fresh outpouring of apostolic love by 
which the Holy Spirit forever renews the face of the earth. 

It is a long turbulent mile from this sceptred city of Boston to the chiming 
spires of Rome, but the works and days of Augustin Cardinal Bea have come 
before him like a fanfare of music. 

With grace and humility he has earned the most flattering confidence of 
three Popes. To him as to few others in the scriptorium of time is due the quick- 
ening interest in the Sacred Scripture by which the word of God, once the armory 
of disunity, has become again the common treasure and inheritance of all the 
brethren of Jesus. 

When the Holy Father selected Cardinal Bea to carry from his own shepherd's 
heart the message of love and reconciliation to all men, it was the latest in a 
long series of tasks, which, with ever-enlarging responsibility and honor, he has 
carried out in the Society of Jesus and at the Holy See. Now in his ninth decade, 
his joyful energy and great-heartedness, his gentle prudence, his faith that knows 
no fear have endeared him to everyone who prays as Jesus did, that we may be 
all one. In this humble German scholar, this gentle Roman Prince, as in none 
other save Pope John the Great, we find our hope for a united flock which may 
bear unblushing testimony to the still pre-Christian world: "See how these 
Christians love one another." 

Mindful of the authority delivered to us a century ago by the supreme 
authority in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the President and the Trustees 
of Boston College have requested His Eminence Augustin Cardinal Bea, of the 
Title of Saint Saba, to do us the honor of entering the senate of our honorary 
doctors. And now with unbounded homage and affection we proclaim him 

Juris Ulriusque Doctor, honoris causa. 



UNIVERSITY CONVOCATION 

In Honor of 

HIS EMINENCE, AUGUSTIN CARDINAL BEA 

President of the Secretariat jor Christian Unity 






.PROGRAM. 



Psalm 150 

... The Most Reverend Jeremiah F. Minihan, D.D. 

Addkess of Welcome ... The Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S.J. 
Prendeni of Boston College 

.Address His Eminence. Richard Cardinal Gushing 

The University Chorale Soon Ah Will Be Done 

Spiritual 

Reading OF THE Degree . . . The Reverend Charles F. Donovan, S.J. 
Academic Vice President 0/ Boston College 



The Degree of Doctor of Civil and Canon Law is 
His Eminence, 
AUGUSTIN CARDINAL BEA 



Acceptance of the Degree . . His Eminence, Auguslin Cardinal Bea 
Alma Mater The University Chorale 




Three O'clock Tuesday Afternoon 

March the Twenty-Sixth 
Nineteen Hundred and Sixty-Three 



Father Walsh, Cardinal Bea, and the Cardinal's secretary 
arriving at Roberts Center . . . 




. . . where he signed the guest book. 





y "I have seen the Holy Spirit work within Cardinal Bea at the Council." 



163 



T W 



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r> v> 



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t^,/ '- 







The Cardinal of Unity receives his Boston College 
hood from the I'residcnt of the University. 







!! 




iv 




kJtJB 


5 




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l\ 



". . . we proclaim him Juris Ulriusque Doctor, 
honoris cause." 



164 




Overflowing crowds pack Roberts Center to see "the most influential man in the move- 
ment for Christian Unity" become an alumnus of Boston College. 



P^^IJ^^fv^^T^ 






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"I have heard many times of this great University's energy 
and interest in the cause of ecumenical unity." 



His Eminence rises to hear his 
new Alma Mater. 



The Cardinal of Charity and the Cardinal of 
Unity. 




165 



rml^^rA 


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Some of the forty New England monsignors start down the center aisle of Holy Cross Cathedral. 



kV/C 



V 



THE CENTENNIAL MASS OF THANKSGIVING 

At the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, 
March 30, 1963 

On March 30, 1963, Boston College heralded the closing of its first one hundred years with a 
magnificent Mass of Thanksgiving. The Mass was celebrated by His Excellency Bishop Thomas 
Riley, Boston College '22. Richard Cardinal dishing, Boston College '17, preached the sermon. 

For this occasion the university reached deep into the Church's liturgical past and celebrated 
a Pontifical Mass of the Holy Spirit. Fifteen bishops from all over the world, forty monsignors, 
and two cardinals were escorted to their thrones by the Knights of Malta, the Knights of the 
Holy Sepulchre, and the Knights of St. John. The faculty of the university, in full academic 
robes, were also seated in places of honor. The sanctuary of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross 
was ablaze with lights and flowers. Stationed at the right of the altar were the 180-voice Uni- 
versity Chorale and the 35-piece Boston College Centennial Festival Orchestra. 

The University commissioned Mr. C. Alexander Peloquin to write a special Mass for the 
occasion. The product of his work, the Missa Domini, skillfully bound together the deep tradition 
of the Church with her new liturgical life, by blending the centuries-old Gregorian Chant with 
the wider range of modern composition. The masterfully interwoven harmony of percussion, 
brass, strings, and voices filled the church with a triumphant and powerfid mood befitting 
the occasion. 

The guest of honor at the Centennial Mass was Lord Augustin Cardinal Bea, President of the 
Secretariat for Christian Unity and the personal representative of His Holiness Pope John 
XXIII. At the conclusion of the Mass he presided from a throne on the high altar while Father 
Devlin, S.J., read the greetings of the Pontiff. Cardinal Bea then imparted the apostolic blessing 
to the students, faculty, and alumni of the college. 

Immediately following the Mass, Cardinal Bea held an audience for the distinguished dig- 
nitaries of Church and state. A motorcade formed outside the Cathedral and all present returned 
to McElroy Commons for a luncheon, after which an address was given by His Excellency John 
J. Wright, Bishop of Pittsburgh, Boston College '31. 





166 




Their Excellencies, the bishops, with their Jesuit faculty 
escorts. 



The 180 voice University Chorale of Boston College and the 35 
piece Centennial Festival Orchestra begin the first strains of the 
Missa Domini, composed and directed by Mr. C. Alexander 
Peloquin. 




His Excellency Bishop Comber of Maryknoll as he enters the 
apse of the Cathedral. 



; '% 






His Eminence Richard Cardinal Gushing, presiding 
prelate and preacher at the Centennial Mass. 




The high altar of Holy Cross Cathedral. 




fit 




His Eminence Augustine Cardinal Bea, personal representative of Pope John XXIII. 





His Excellency Bishop Riley, Boston College '22, celebrant of the 
Pontifical Centennial Mass of Thanksgiving. 




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>/ ^■.■- : 









Endicott Peabody, Governor of the Commonwealth, 



Father Devlin reads the greetings and decree of Pope John granting to the faculty, 
students, alumni, and friends of Boston College His Apostolic Benediction. 




Cardinal Bea and Cardinal Cushing extend their 
personal blessing during the recessional. 



Over 35 years of Boston College leadership. 



Seated: Rev. Joseph R. N. Maxwell, S.J. (1951- 
1958); Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J. (1958- ). 
Sta7iding: Rev. William L. Keleher, S.J. (1945- 
1951); Rev. James H. Dolan, S.J. (1925-1932); 
Rev. Louis J. Gallagher, S.J. (1932-1937); and 
Rev. William J. Murphy, S.J. (1939-1945). 




Part of the overflow crowd which packed McElroy Commons for the luncheon. Closed circuit television brought the proceedings to diners 
on the second floor. 



172 




Cardinal Gushing enjoys a moment with Mrs. Vincent P. 
Roberts, "the Grand Lady of Boston College." 



Former Speaker of the House Joe Martin enjoys an after-dinner joke with Father 
Mackin and the alumni. 





Most Rev. John J. Wright, 
Bishop of Pittsburg, Boston Col- 
lege '31. Principal speaker at the 
luncheon following the Centen- 
nial Mass. 




Conarcssional Utcord 

United States /^^ OO th 

0/ America PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE OO CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION 



WASHINGTON, MONDAY, MARCH 25, 1963 



Vol. 109 



No. 45 



GRATEFUL MEMORY AND HOPEFUL 
FORECAST 

(Mr. McCORMACK (at the request of 
Mr. BoGGs) was given permission to extend 
his remarks at this point in the Record, and 
to include extraneous matter.) 

Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, this is 
the centennial year of Boston College. Boston 
College has exercised a mighty and beneficial 
influence upon the intellectual and moral 
thought of our country and has been a glory 
and credit to the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, All sacrifices of the past in estab- 
lishing this institution are vindicated as one 
beholds this magnificent higher institution 
of learning as it stands today. 

A nobler civilization is the dream of all 
men through the ages and it has been this 
high hope that Boston College has served 
so steadfastly. Beginning humbly, it has 
flourished in the great traditions set down 
by Jesuit educators some four centuries ago. 
Prompted by the age-old search for truth, 
goodness, and beauty, its endeavors have en- 
riched our civilization. 

I recall once reading an anniversary ad- 
dress by Henry Van Dyke in which he said; 
"The occasion is one of grateful memory and 
hopeful forecast." Such an event is this. 
Grateful memories of a heritage won by toil, 
hopes, and prayers, and hopeful forecast for 
a better world won by the search for truth 
and the attaining of wisdom. 

Boston College has been fortunate indeed 
in the dedicated and talented men who have 
been associated with her through the years. 
1 might add that Father Walsh, who is pro- 
viding one of the richest periods in the his- 
tory of Boston College, is a worthy successor 
to the great men who built this school. 

A small but determined group of men led 
by Father John McElroy saw their hope for 
a college to serve the large Catholic com- 
munity of Boston materialize with approval 
of a charter for Boston College on April 1, 
1863. The years ahead were filled with strug- 
gle but the college grew and the city grew 
around it. The enrollment increased steadily 
each year and by 1905 it had reached 500. 
Cramped college facilities led to the building, 
under the leadership of Father Gasson, of 
this loveliest of campuses at Chesnut Hill 
and the first classes were held there exactly 
50 years ago. The school continued to ex- 
pand and today the original faculty of six 
Jesuits has grown to become the largest col- 
legiate teaching community of Jesuits in the 
world.^ 

Although the history of Boston College 
is not unique in its growth amidst tremend- 
ous hardship, it is a towering monument to 
the devoted men of the Society of Jesus who 
have made this community of learning pos- 
sible. The test of the ages imparts confidence 
in the Catholic system of education where 
the teaching of Christian morality is never 
lost sight of and goes hand-in-hand with the 
mental training of youth. 



While recognizing the value of specialized 
skills, Boston College has adhered to the 
Jesuit belief in the excellence of a liberal 
arts education. In his "Idea of a University," 
Cardinal Newman wrote: 

A university training is the great ordinary 
means to a great but ordinary end; it aims 
at raising the intellectual tone of society, at 
cultivating the public mind, at purifying the 
national taste, at supplying true principles 
to popular enthusiasm and fixed aims to 
popular aspirations, at giving enlargement 
and sobriety to the ideas of the age, at fa- 
cilitating the exercise of political power, and 
refining the intercourse of private life. It is 
the education which gives a man a clear 
conscious view of his own opinions and judg- 
ments, a truth in developing them, an elo- 
quence in expressing them, and a force in 
urging them. It prepares him to fill any post 
with credit, and to master any subject with 
facility. 

This has been the function of Boston 
College. 

The 100th anniversary of this institution 
brings forth grateful memories of great men 
and great ideas which have been fulfilled 
throughout the years of growth and matur- 
ing. And the occasion also brings to mind 
illustrious men who have passed through the 
portals of this college as students, such as 
our beloved Cardinal Gushing and the hon- 
ored and eminent Cardinal O'Connell who 
exclaimed as a student: 

I am more in love with the college than 
ever. There is plenty of hard work, but 
there is happiness and fine feeling all around. 

Because of its solid foundation and rich 
heritage, Boston College offers today a hope- 
ful forecast. In these critical times, with the 
ever increasing needs for an educated citi- 
zenry, Boston College is a fortress of broad 
and humane learning, a kind of learning 
which is often overlooked in today's clamor 
for vocationalism in American education. 
With higher learning so essential to our 
democratic way of life, the role of the private 
college becomes vital. The Jesuit school, 
particularly, provides the necessary well- 
rounded mental development for coping suc- 
cessfully with the deepening complexity of 
our age. The undergraduate and graduate 
schools of Boston College must continue to 
send out men and women who will provide 
leadership for our Commonwealth and other 
parts of the world. Our American way of life 
depends upon the.se graduates sent out as 
well equipped teachers, priests, lawyers- 
serving as judges, legislators and attorneys, 
and leaders for industry, business, and the 
community. 

A century ago Ralph Waldo Emerson 
penned these lines: 

Daughters of Time, the hypocritic Days, 
Muffled and dumb like barefoot dervishes. 




And marching single in an endless file, 
Bring diadems and fagots in their hands, 
To each they off^er gifts after his will. 
Bread, kindom, stars, and sky that holds 
them all. 

Our age brings days of unlimited oppor- 
tunity—days in which our moral strength 
and intellectual power can be used to shape 
a better and more peaceful world despite 
pessimistic moods and alarm over the de- 
velopment of nuclear weapons, inordinate 
scientific knowledge, and precarious interna- 
tional relationships. The days bring gifts of 
greater challenge than ever before. In a re- 
cent writing. Cardinal Gushing warned: 

The urgency of the times makes it impera- 
tive for us to take counsel, to sharpen our 
thought in regard to the specific ideals for 
which we stand. This is a period of transi- 
tion, of realinement. We are seemingly at the 
end of a civilization. 

The times are dangerous, but there is 
hopeful forecast in a imiversity such as this 
one, dedicated as it is to truth and widom, 
both human and divine. The knowledge and 
morality imparted by Boston College will be 
of no small value in the contests which face 
us. We echo the words in Proverbs. 

Through knowledge shall the just be di- 
vided. 

I congratulate Boston College on its splen- 
dor and successful achievements. My sincere 
hope is that Boston College may continue 
to develop and prosper, that the sphere of 
its influence may ever increase, and that the 
sons and daughters of Boston College will be 
foimd in the coming years, as in the past, 
leading useful lives, doing good to their fel- 
low men, ever faithful to the teachings of 
their glorious alma mater, and improving 
and strengthening our institutions of gov- 
ernment. 

' Frost, Jack. "The Crowned Hilltop," Bos- 
ton: Hawthorne Press, 1962. 



174 



/ 



0. 




IMS 



"<m 



'%kvfM 



4 



\^^!t^% 









Theologian Father Kiing, S.J. 




Dr. Jaroslav Pelikan of the Yale Di- 
vinity School. 




Father Burghardt of Woodstock 
College and Dr. George Williams 
of Harvard Divinity School. 



Dr. Robert McAfee Brown of Stanford University 
meets -with Father Jean Danielou, S.J., of the Institut 
Catholique in Paris and Father Michael P. Walsh, S.J. 



A top-level conference in which Father Kiing tries to make 
a point. 




Catholic Bishop Primeau of Manchester, N.H., and Episco- 
pal Bishop Stokes of Massachusetts discuss some problems 
of Christian Unity. 




At the height of the Centennial Celebration, Boston Col- 
lege played host to a number of outstanding theologians 
representing several Christian denominations. The two day 
conference followed a similar affair held at Harvard a week 
earlier. The Boston College colloquium differed, however, in 
that Protestants and Catholics were both full participants, 
while at Harvard Catholics had been invited as observers 
only. The Rt. Rev. Anson Phelps Stokes, Episcopal Bishop of 
Massachusetts and moderator of one session of the colloquy, 
summed up the spirit of the gathering when he said, "How 
typical of Boston College to open its doors to men of all 
faiths on this the occasion of its hundredth anniversary." 

Featured participants at the conference were Jaroslav 
Pelikan, Professor of Church History at Yale Divinity School; 
Jean Danielou, S.J., Theologian at the Institut Catholique in 
Paris; Robert McAfee Brown, of Stanford University; and 
Hans Kiing, an official theologian at the Second Vatican 
Council. 



The discussions provided intelligent presentations of theo- 
logical differences. Such concepts as tradition, authority, holi- 
ness, and unity were given close scrutiny by a number of the 
most distinguished and influential theologians of our time. 

Richard Cardinal Cushing, in a speech which closed the 
conference, called for an end to Roman harrassment of Greek 
Catholicism and offered his apologies for the centuries of 
humiliation which the Greek tradition had suffered. This 
echoed a spirit of generosity which had been so noticeable 
throughout the colloquy. It was a concrete gesture designed 
to carry out Dr. Pelikan's suggestion that "we join in a con- 
fession of guilt that will aid in bringing us to a festival of 
reconciliation." 

The full text of these discussions is now being prepared by Boston 
College. Unfortunately the text was not yet available at the time 
of this printing. 



BOSTON COLLEGE 
THEOLOGICAL 
CONFERENCE 



MONDAY, April 15, 1963 
8:00 P.M. THE CHURCH 

Presiding: Most Reverend Ernest J. Primeau 
Bishop of Manchester, N.H. 

Speakers: Dr. Jaroslav Pelikan 
Yale Divinity School 

Dr. Hans Kiing 
University of Tiibingen 

Discussion: Leader — Reverend Walter Burghardt, S.J. 
Woodstock College, Maryland. 

TUESDAY, April 16, 1963 
10:30 A.M. TRADITION 

Presiding: Right Reverend Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr. 
Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts 

Speakers: Jean Danielou, S.J. 
Institut Catholique, Paris 

Dr. Robert McAfee Brown 
Stanford University 

Discussion: Leader — Dr. George H. Williams 
Harvard Divinity School 

Guests are invited to participate 

TUESDAY, April 16, 1963 
2:00 P.M. A BRIDGE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST 

Presiding: Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S.J. 

President of Boston College 
Speaker: His Eminence Richard Cardinal Cushing 




Richard Cardinal Cushing takes a moment out before his speech to 
break ground for the Carney Building with Father Rector and 
Dr. Maguire. 




Rev. Stanley J. Bezuszka, S.J., Boston College, and Dr. Paul A. 
Weiss, Rockefeller Institute, discuss the knowledge explosion in 
the natural sciences. 




Wednesday . . . April 1 7 



9:00 A.M. 
9:45 A.M. 



10:45 A.M. 
11:15 A.M. 



12:30 P.M. 
2:00 P.M. 



Registration (Campion Hall) 

Address of Welcome — Very Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J., President 
of Boston College 

FIRST PLENARY SESSION (Campion Hall Auditorium) 

Presiding: Charles F. Donovan, S.J., Academic Vice President, 

Boston College 
Speaker: John H. Finley, Jr., Eliot Professor of Greek Literature, 

Harvard University 

"The Inward Voice of the Classic" 

Coflee 

FIRST PLENARY SESSION RESUMES 

Speaker: Howard Mumford Jones, Abbott Lawrence Lowell Pro- 
fessor of Humanities, Emeritus, Harvard University 
"Modern Scholarship and the Data of Greatness" 

Luncheon (McElroy Commons) 

PANEL AND GROUP DISCUSSIONS 

(1) Humanities — Resident Students Lounge, McElroy Commons 
Moderator: William A. Donaghy, S.J., Professor of Theology, 

Boston College 
Speaker: Peter A. Bertocci, Borden P. Bowne Professor of 

Philosophy, Boston University 
Panelists: Goodwin B. Beach, Lecturer in Classics, Trinity 

College 

Robert F. Quinn, C.S.P., Director, Paulist Center, 

Boston 

Thomas W. Copeland, Professor of English, Uni- 
versity of Massachusetts 

(2) Natural Sciences — Faculty Lounge, McElroy Commons 

Moderator: Stanley J. Bezuszka, S.J., Associate Professor of 
Mathematics, Boston College 

Speaker: Paul A. Weiss, Professor of Biology, Rockefeller 
Institute 

Panelists: William D. Cooke, Professor of Chemistry, Cornell 
University 

Shields Warren, Director of Laboratories, New 
England Deaconess Hospital; Professor of Pathol- 
ogy, Harvard University 

(3) Social Sciences — Murray Conference Room, McElroy 

Commons 

Moderator: John D. Donovan, Professor of Sociology, Boston 
College 

Speaker: Edward Duff, S.J., Professor of Theology, Weston 
College; former Editor of Social Order 

Panelists: Samuel H. Beer, Professor of Government, Harvard 
University 

Lewis A. Coser, Harry Coplan Professor of Sociol- 
ogy, Brandeis University 

Alexander Gerschenkron, Walter S. Barker Pro- 
fessor of Economics, Harvard University 



4:00 P.M. 
5:30 P.M. 



Receptic 
Dinner 



I for all Participants 



Rev. Edward DufT, S.J., former editor of Social Order and 
Professor of Theology, Weston College. 



Left to right: Father R. F. Quinn, C.S.P., Paulist Center, Boston; 
Father W. A. Donaghy, S.J., Boston College; T. W. Copeland, Uni- 
versity of Massachusetts; G. B. Beach, Trinity College; P. A. Bertocci, 
Boston Univerisity. 







BOSTON COLLEGE 
CENTENNIAL COLLOQUY 

The most significant event of the Centennial Week was the 
discussion of the knowledge explosion, a theme which was 
central in a three day colloquy which brought together many 
of the most respected scholars of our time. The explosion of 
knowledge and the mushrooming of data are outstanding 
facts of the academic world in this century. The meeting at 
Boston College was a serious attempt to cope with this prob- 
lem and, as such, constituted a notable intellectual event. 




Father Charles Donovan, S.J., Academic Vice-President ot Boston Col- 
lege, has a word with Howard Mumford Jones, Lowell Professor of 
Humanities, Harvard University. 



John H. Finley, Jr., Eliot Professor of Greek Literature, Harvard Uni\ersit\ 




Thursday. . . April 18 



A.M. Registr 



(McElroy Con: 



10:45 
11:15 



12:30 
2:00 



)r newly arrived delegates 

A.M. SECOND PLENARY SESSION (Resident Students Lounge, Mc- 
Elroy Commons) 
Presiding: Joseph A. Devenny, S.J., Dean, Graduate School of Arts 

and Sciences, Boston College 
Speaker: Samuel A. Goudsmit, Professor of Physics, Brookhaven 
National Laboratory 

"Consequences of the Knowledge Explosion" 
A.M. Coffee 
A.M. SECOND PLENARY SESSION RESUMES 

Speaker: John G. Kemeny, Professor of Mathematics, Dartmouth 
College 

"The Knowledge Explosion: A Mathematician's Point 
oi View" 



Luncheon (McEIroy Commons) 
PANEL AND GROUP DISCUSSIONS 



P.M. 
PM, 



Resident Students Lounge, McEiroy Commons 

Moderator: John L. Mahoney, Associate Professor of English, 
Boston College 

Speaker: Walter J. Bate, Abbott Lawrence Lowell Professor 
of Humanities, Harvard University 

Panelists: George M. Harper, Professor of Classics, Williams 
College 

Alexander A. Schneiders, Professor of Education, 
Boston College 

William A. Wallace, O.P., Professor of Philosophy, 
Catholic University of America 
) Natural Sciences — Faculty Lounge, McElroy Commons 

Moderator: Robert L. Carovillano, Associate Professor of Phys- 
ics, Boston College 

Speaker: Francis O. Schmitt, Institute Professor, Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology 

Panelists: C. Raymond Adams, Professor of Mathematics, 
Brown University 

Ernst Mayr, Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zool- 
ogy, Harvard University 

Robert R. Shrock, Professor of Geology, Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology 
) Social Sciences — Murray Conference Room, McElroy 
Commons 

Moderator: Robert J. McEwen, S.J., Professor of Economics, 
Boston (ilollege 

Speaker: Carleton S. Coon, Curator of Ethnology and Pro- 
fessor of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania 

Panelists: Joseph P. Fitzpatrick, S.J., Professor of Sociology, 
Fordham University 

Jeannelte P. Nichols, Professor of History, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania 

Robert Solow, Professor of Economics. Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology 

ception for all Participants 



John G. Kemeny, Dartmouth College; Dean Joseph A. Devenny, 
S.J., Boston College; Samuel A. Goudsmit, Brookhaven National 
Laboratory. 



Participating in the meeting were such men as Samuel H. 
Beer, Chairman of the Department of Political Science at 
Harvard University; John H. Finley, Jr., Eliot Professor of 
Greek Literature at Harvard; Howard Mumford Jones; Lynn 
T. White, Jr., Professor of History at UCLA; and Samuel A. 
Goudsmit, Professor of Physics at Brookhaven National 
Laboratory. 

The scholars present were unanimous in their realization 
both of the fact of the knowledge explosion and of the need 
to come to grips with it. Professor Goudsmit mentioned the 
effects of this trend within his field: "It has become impossible 
for a physicist to follow the changes or modifications in basic 
theories except in his own narrow field of specialization. Thus, 
within a scientific discipline, the knowledge explosion leads 
to extreme specialization." According to Lynn T. White, the 
result in history has been "a surge of unexpected findings 
and interpretations." 

It was the privilege of Boston College to be host to these 
scholars and it was her honor to contribute to the advance- 
ment in scholarship and learning. "There is," as Rev. Michael 
P. Walsh noted, "no group to which Boston College opens its 
heart so warmly as to scholars." 




Robert Solow, Professor of Economics, M. I. T., a member of the 
President's Economic Advisory Council. 




Walter Jackson Bate, Professor of Eng- 
lish, Harvard University. 



Carleton S. Coon, Curator of Ethnol- 
ogy and Professor of Anthropology, 
University of Pennsylvania. 




Joseph P. Fitzpatrick, S.J., Professor of Sociol- 
ogy, Fordham University. 



tf^l& 




Francis O. Schmitt, M.I.T. 



181 




^ 




A relaxed scholarly atmosphere pervaded all of the 
proceedings as teachers and educators became stu- 
dents again. 




1863 



1963 



^^r^ ^t.^^'' 



Warren Ault, Profes- 
sor of History, Boston 
University. 




Friday. . . April 19 



:00 A.M. Registration (McElroy d 



) for newly arrived delegates 

9:45 A.M. THIRD PLENARY SESSION (Resident Students Lounge, McElroy 
Commons) 
Presiding: W. Seavey Joyce, SJ., Dean, College of Business Ad- 
ministration, Boston College 
Speaker: Peter H. Odegard, Professor of Political Science, Uni- 
versity of California 
"Political Science: Knowledge for What?" 

10:45 A.M. Coffee 

11:15 A.M. THIRD PLENARY SESSION RESUMES 

Speaker: Lynn T. White, Jr., Professor of History, University of 

California at Los Angeles 

"The Changing Middle Ages" 

12:30 P.M. Luncheon {McElroy Commons) 
2:00 P.M. PANEL AND GROUP DISCUSSIONS 

(1 ) Humanities — Resident Students Lounge, McElroy Commons 
Moderator: Reginald F. O'Neill, S.J., Dean. School of Philos- 
ophy, Weston College 
William F. Lynch, S.J., Professor of English, 



Speaker: 
Panelists: 



lUn 






(2) Natural Sc: 
Moderator: 



Speaker: 
Panelists: 



William E. FitzGerald, S.J., Professor of Philos- 
ophy, Boston College 

Norman N. Holland, Associate Professor ol Eng- 
lish, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
William O. Martin, Professor of Philosophy, Uni- 
versity of Rhode Island 

snccs — Faculty Lounge, McElroy Commons 
Louis O. Kattsoff, Professor of Mathematics, Boston 
College 

old G. Cassidy, Professor of Chemistry, Yale 



Uni\ 



iity 



of Chemistry, 



4:00 P.M. 
"i/M) P.M. 



Roy J. Gritter, Associate 
University of Connecticut 
John J. McLaughlin. Staff Member, Haskins Lab- 
oratories; Associate Professor of Biology, St. Francis 
College 

Jay Orear, Associate Professor of Physics, Cornell 
University 

(3) Social Sciences— Murray Conference Room, McElroy Commons 
Moderator: John M. vonFelsinger, Professor of Psychology, 
Boston College 

Vincent P. Wright, Professor of Economics, Boston 
College 

Warren O. Ault, William E. Huntington Professor 
of History, Boston University 
Thomas T. McAvoy, C.S.C., Professor of History, 
University of Notre Dame 

Victoria Schuck, Professor of Political Science, 
Mount Holyoke College 

Reception for all Participants 



Speaker: 
Panelists: 



182 



Peter H. Odegard, Professor of Political Science, Uni- 
versity of California; W. Seavey Joyce, S.J., Dean of 
the College of Business Administration, Boston Col- 
lege; Lynn E. White, Jr., Professor of History, Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles. 




A. Thomas McAvoy, C.S.C., Professor of 
History, University of Notre Dame. 



William F. Lynch, S.J., Professor of English, 
Georgetown University. 






THE CENTENNIAL 
CONVOCATION 

Alumni Stadium 
April 20, 1963 



For weeks the campus had been alive with activity. Now army 
heliocopters hovered over the campus and Secret Service men 
patrolled the buildings. April 20 dawned bright and clear, but still 
foul-weather preparations went on in McHugh Forum and Roberts 
Center, where over one hundred closed circuit television sets were 
being installed. The face of the campus had undergone a startling 
transformation. The colors of the nation and of the university bil- 
lowed out in swaths of bunting along the President's route and great 
quantities of flowers covered the speakers' platform at the reservoir 
end of Alumni Stadium. At eleven o'clock a violent rainstorm swept 
the campus. By one o'clock only a high wind and a fine mist buffeted 
the Chestnut Hill area. By two o'clock over twenty thousand people 
had swarmed into the stadium. The chairs and seats were wet and a 
handsome brochure became a valued sponge. At 2:15 a great proces- 
sion began to wind its way down from Roberts Center to the stadium. 
As the band struck up its martial music, the weather began to clear 
and soon the only sign of rain was the glistening lawn of the field. 
A great cry of welcome rose from the stands as representatives of over 
three hundred colleges and universities began to file into the stadium. 
The delegates of fifty learned societies and the faculty of Boston 
College, over six hundred strong, made their entrance in a stream of 
gold, crimson, blue, and maroon robes and hoods. They were followed 
by the distinguished guests, officers of the university, and Church and 
state officials. In the place of honor strode John F. Kennedy, President 
of the United States, wearing the honorary Boston College degree he 
received in 1956. The band struck up "Hail to the Chief" and an 
enthusiastic audience thundered its welcome to the President. 




184 







;i91 




President Kennedy arriving at the main entrance to the university. 




ORDER OF EXERCISES 



Prelude 

The National Anthem 

Invocation His Eminence Richard Cardinal dishing 

Address of Welcome Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S./. 

Greetings 

From the Colleges and Universities Nathan M. Pusey 

From the Commonwealth His Excellency, Endicott Peabody 

From the Church His Eminence Richard Cardinal Cushiii^ 

The Degree of Doctor of Laws is conferred upon 
Very Reverend Edward Bernard Bunn, s.j. 

The Degree of Doctor of Letters is conferred upon 
Lady Barbara Ward Jackson 

The Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters is conferred upon 
Nathan Marsh Pusey 



Rev. John Rock, S.J., dressed in his de- 
gree robes from the University of Lou- 
vain, on his way to the Convocation. 




ORDER OF EXERCISES 




From the Nation President John F. Kennedy 



Alma Mater 



The audience is requested to remain seated until the Procession has left the Stadium. 




IFr. Michael P. Walsh, President of Boston College, and John F. 
Kennedy, President of the United States. 




Fathers Sweeney, Devlin, and Donovan help ready the President for the Convocation. 



185 




Nathan Marsh Pusey, President of Harvard University. 

The 1860's were a period of intense ferment in higher edu- 
cation in this country. This ferment was occasioned by two 
kinds of discontent. One, that the attention of our colleges 
was directed so exclusively toward literary studies, and these 
not even modem literary studies, that the colleges were mak- 
ing virtually no contribution toward meeting the practical 
problems of a rapidly developing society. Scorning the agri- 
cultural and mechanical arts they were, it was held by these 
of their critics using a kind of smear word, "irrelevant." Times 
have changed. 

The other main criticism came from those who had caught 
a glimpse abroad, chiefly in Germany, of what a university as 
constrasted with a college could be. There has been a good 
deal of confusion on this subject ever since. There are many 
colleges in this country which grandiloquently call themselves 
universities. There are few universities which, like yours, are 
content to call themselves colleges. But in any event, in the 
past 100 years we are in a new period of ferment. Higher 
education has become extraordinarily almost too relevant. 
Witness the way President Kennedy has taken and needs a con- 
siderable piece of higher education to help him in Washing- 
ton. Witness the way his Science Advisory Board tells him 
that certain agencies of Government basically dependent 
upon the research activities of highly trained engineers, 
mathematicians, and physical scientists will not be able to do 



their work a decade hence if the rate of producing these 
kinds of scientists is not quickly stepped up to 7,000 Ph.D.'s 
a year. Many other interests and concerns seem to me and 
to others to have equally good claims for this kind of scarce 
talent. It was only yesterday that the number of Ph.D.'s given 
annually by all imiversities in all subjects passed the level of 
7,000. It is now about 10,000 per year. The Space Agency 
itself would like to have about 10,000. Clearly we have a 
great deal to do. 

May I interrupt my remarks just to say about space that 
today is the day to test the aerodynamic properties of the 
mortar board. I hope if mine takes off into space I don't go 
with it. 

We have much to do and we are not in the best shape to 
do it. We have all been struggling to make good the defici- 
encies which accumulated in our plants during the long, lean 
years of depression and war and to raise the funds to attract, 
to hold, and adequately recompense our faculties. Even more 
difficult have been the pressures for new programs, plants, 
and equipment originating in the marvelous burgeoning of 
knowledge. In the midst of this we are confronted with a 
shortage and therefore a fierce competition for first-rate 
teachers. And tridy frightening is the prospect now breaking 
over us of soon having such numbers to cope with that we 
shall have in a decade virtually to double the whole enter- 
prise of higher education in this country which it has taken 
more than 300 years of patient, devoted effort to bring to 
its present estate. Mr. President, may I say parenthetically it 
is our hope that you will be able to help us to get the legis- 
lators in the Capitol to see the implication of this remark. 

Meanwhile it is a joy to see Boston College forging ahead 
through its own and its friends' efforts. Deep in the center of 
the present responsibility of higher education is the need to 
find ways to adapt to present circumstances the old basic learn- 
ing with its concern for the development of persons and its 
own unremitting attention to questions of value. The institu- 
tions of higher learning entrusted to the Jesuits have an 
honorable record in this regard. It is to be hoped among all 
the other things we have to do that these and other institu- 
tions can work together to accomplish this task. May I as the 
president of an institution more than 300 years old, say this 
discouraging word to Father Walsh and his associates, that 
the common task we share does not get easier with the passing 
centuries. But may I also for the colleges and universities of 
the United States felicitate Boston College on the achieve- 
ments of its first century and on the great development and 
growth you have experienced in that time. 

We welcome the advent of strong Catholic colleges and 
universities of which surely this is one of the chief, into the 
advance ranks of our institutions of higher learning. To- 
gether these institutions have already done much to build 
value into our common life and on them our hopes for a 
worthy future in large measure must surely now depend. The 
colleges and universities, and among them I should like to 
say personally Harvard, congratulate Boston College on the 
accomplishments of her first century. We salute her on this 
happy day for her achievement. We would speak of our pride 
in our association with her and we wish for her long life and 
a continuation of that strong forward surge with which she 
now so clearly and so creatively is moving ahead. 



GREETINGS TO BOSTON COLLEGE FROM 
THE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES 



GREETINGS TO BOSTON COLLEGE FROM 
THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS 



Your Eminence, Mr. President, Mr. Speaker, Father Walsh, 
Father Bonn, Lady Jackson, Dr. Pusey, Senator SaUonstall, 
Senator Kennedy, Mayor Collins, members of the Board of 
Regents of Boston College, distinguished guests, and friends 
of Boston College, in 1847, Father John McElroy, S.J., arrived 
in Boston and planted the first seeds that have grown and 
flourished and produced the magnificent bounty we know to- 
day as Boston College, one of the great institutions of learning 
in the free world. 

My presence here, today, as Governor of the Common- 
wealth, is symbolic of the continuing harmonious relationship 
between town and gown that was begun on that day in April 
1863, 100 years ago, when my predecessor. Gov. John Andrews, 
signed into law the act of the Massachusetts Legislature grant- 
ing your charter. 

Fourteen years later, under the inspired leadership of the 
Reverend John Bapst, S.J., the first President of the college 
and corporation, the first commencement was held. Nine 
young men graduated. And again, the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts was present to bestow her congratulations in 
the person of my predecessor. Gov. Alexander H. Rice. 

Now, on another day in April, in the year of our Lord, 
1963, the Governor of the Commonwealth again comes to 
Boston College to join in this well-deserved and joyous 
celebration. 

To the many devoted priests and laypeople who labored 
so humbly and faithfully for so noble a purpose, every citizen 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts owes a debt of grati- 
tude. 



His Excellency Endicott Peabody, Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. 




For education is one of this Commonwealth's most precious 
assets. We are indeed proud of the tradition of excellence in 
education which is so well represented here. All of us who are 
working for better educational opportunity in Massachusetts 
can draw inspiration from the story of the birth and growth 
of Boston College. From humble beginnings in the South End 
of Boston, you have matured into the magnificent institution 
of learning which stands before us today. 

Sitting among you now, there must be some who were pres- 
ent at the laying of the cornerstone of B.C. at this site on 
June 15, 1913. One among them was the mayor of the city of 
Boston, John F. Fitzgerald. Now, 50 years later, on an equally 
proud occasion in the history of Boston College, how fitting it 
is that we are honored by the presence of that man's grandson, 
the President of the United States of America, John F. 
Kennedy. 

Certainly our Commonwealth would be something less than 
what it is today were it not for the men and women of Boston 
College. Her contribution has been vast and varied. Doctors, 
alumni of Boston College, have exercised their merciful calling 
throughout the Commonwealth. In our classrooms, sons and 
daughters of Boston College have been astonishingly active. 

The clergy who minister to the Catholic archdiocese of 
Boston have been predominantly men of Boston College. B.C. 
has given to the church such eminent men of God as William 
Cardinal O'Connell and our beloved friend and spiritual 
leader, Richard Cardinal Gushing. 

In the courts of our Commonwealth, countless lawyers, men 
of Boston College, have pleaded and fought for justice. Just 
recently I had the pleasure of appointing as a superior court 
judge one of your law school's most distinguished professors. 
I am delighted that this appointment has been greeted as one 
of the finest of this generation. 

I cannot resist noting with partisan pride that the first 
site of Boston College Law School, 11 Beacon Street, today 
houses my political alma mater, the Massachusetts Democratic 
State Committee. 

The law school forums, the Boston College citizen seminars, 
the lectures on public affairs have in an extraordinary way 
blended the dedicated efforts of the good citizens of our 
community. 

Here at Boston College you have achieved an inspiring 
blend of faith and reason. You have exalted the mind and 
soul of man. Your proud past is exceeded only by your bright 
future. 

I can think of no more fitting tribute than to quote from a 
letter sent in 1934 by William Lawrence, the Episcopal bishop 
of Boston, to your then president, Father Gallagher. Bishop 
Lawrence explained that the land on which Boston College 
now stands, was owned by his father. He wrote: "Boston Col- 
lege, with its beautiful group of buildings, has given a grace 
and benediction to my boyhood haunts." 

For me, for all of us, the presence of Boston College is 
indeed a grace and benediction for which we are most grate- 
ful. From your modest beginnings, you truly have earned 
your name, you have reached "the heights." As Boston College 
begins its second century of life, let it take with it our best 
wishes and Godspeed. 



187 



GREETINGS TO BOSTON COLLEGE 
FROM THE CHURCH 




His Eminence Richard Cardinal Gushing, Archbishop of Boston. 




Mr. President, Very Rev. Father Walsh, rector of Boston 
College, members of the faculty, members of the student body, 
and guests, it is my pleasant duty to express on this occasion 
the congratulations and gratitude of the church in honor of 
the centennial of Boston College. 

The college has grown with the archdiocese of Boston and 
it has contributed enormously and indispensably to the growth 
of the church in this area. It was Boston College that en- 
couiaged throughout the years the vocations to the priesthood 
and the religious life that were necessary for the expansion of 
the church as the numbers of its faithful began to increase. 
For over 50 years the students in our diocesan seminary, 
founded in 1884, came almost entirely from this institution 
and from its sister College of the Holy Cross in Worcester. 
Today it is Boston College that provides educational forma- 
tion and training for hundreds of teachers and administrators 
in our diocesan schools, so important for the healthy and 
normal functioning of the church. 

There is another reason for our gratitude to Boston College 
and the Jesuits under whose direction it has grown to its 
present state of academic efficiency. The church has a part 
to play within the larger community in which its freedom of 
functioning is constitutionally guaranteed. It is erroneous to 
conclude from the concern of Catholics for the expansion of 
their ecclesiastical structure that their interests are exclusively 
sectarian, or that they evaluate their achievements in the field 
of education entirely from the supernatural point of view of 
revealed religion. Ultimately the church directs the minds of 
men toward the eternal happiness of the world to come. More 
immediately, however, the church is concerned with develop- 
ing the highest ideals of personal integrity and public service. 
To be genuinely religious means to be conscientious and up- 
right as a citizen, no less than to be loyal and unswerving in 
the fulfillment of religious duties. 

As we find proof in oiu" own day of the relevance of reli- 
gious beliefs for the strengthening of our Nation against moral 
decay, we have reason to be thankful that institutions like 
Boston College are preparing young people for positions of 
responsibility, and bringing the highest standards of academic 
excellence into harmonious integration with the ideas of 
Christian tradition. 

For what Boston College has done, is doing and will con- 
tinue to do for God and for country, for the church and for 
the state, for the educational world and for the common good, 
we are thankful today. We pray that He who is infinitely 
wise and provident, infinitely good and merciful, may enable 
this institution to fulfill in years to come its divinely ordained 
purpose of keeping sound minds in sound bodies, of drawing 
from human powers their greatest measure of scholarly effort 
and of elevating the human personality to its rightful dignity 
of sonship with God through Christ our Lord. 



188 





Very Reverend Edward B. Bunn, S.J., President of George- 
town, receives the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa. 



Lady Barbara Ward Jackson receiving tfie degree of Doctor 
of Letters, honoris causa. 



Dr. Nathan Marsh Pusey, President of Harvard University, re- 
ceives the degree of Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa. 




189 




The Honorable John F. Kennedy, President of the United States of 
America. 



Father Walsh, your Eminence, Governor Peabody, members 
of the faculty, ladies and gentlemen; it is a great pleasure to 
come back to a city where my accent is considered normal, 
and where they pronounce the words the way they are spelled. 

I take especial satisfaction in this day as the recipient of 
an honorary degree in 1956 from Boston College, and, there- 
fore, an instant alumnus, I am particularly pleased to be 
with all of you on this most felicitous occasion. 

This university, or college, as Father Walsh has described, 
was founded in the darkest days of the Civil War, when 
this Nation was engaged in a climatic struggle to determine 
whether it would be half slave and half free or all free. And 
now, 100 years later, after the most intense century perhaps 
in human history, we are faced with the great question of 
whether this world will be half slave and half free, or whether 
it will be all one or the other. And on this occasion, as in 
1863, the services of Boston College are still greatly needed. 

It is good also to participate in this ceremony which has 
honored three distinguished citizens of the free world— Presi- 
dent Pusey, Father Bunn, and our friend from the world of 
freedom. Lady Jackson. 

Boston College is a hundred years old— old by the lifespan 
of man, but young by that of universities. In this week of ob- 
servance, you have rightly celebrated the achievements of the 
past, and equally rightly you have turned in a series of dis- 
cussions by outstanding scholars to the problems of the present 
and the future. Learnetl men have been talking here of the 



knowledge explosion, and in all that they have said I am 
sure they have implied the heavy present responsibility of 
institutions like this one. Yet today I want to say a word on 
the same theme, to impress upon you as urgently as I can 
the growing and insistent importance of universities in our 
national life. 

I speak of universities because that is what Boston College 
has long since become. But most of what I say applies to 
liberal arts colleges as well. My theme is not limited to any 
one class of universities, public or private, religious or secular. 
Our national tradition of variety in higher education shows 
no sign of weakening, and it remains the task of each of our 
institutions to shape its own role among its differing sisters. 
In this hope I am much encouraged by a reading in this 
last week of the remarkable encyclical, Pacem in Terris. 

In its penetrating analysis of today's great problems, of social 
welfare and human rights, of disarmament and international 
order and peace, that document surely shows that on the 
basis of one great faith and its traditions there can be de- 
veloped counsel on public affairs that is of value to all men 
and women of good will. As a Catholic, I am proud of it; 
and as an American, I have learned from it. It only adds to 
the impact of this message that it closely matches notable ex- 
pressions of conviction and aspiration from churchmen of 
other faiths, and in recent documents of the World Council 
of Churches, and from outstanding world citizens with no 
ecclesiastical standing. We are learning to talk the language 
of progress and peace across the barriers of sect and creed. 
It seems reasonable to hope that a similar process may be 
taking place across the quite different barriers of higher 
learning. 

From the office that I hold, in any case, there can be no 
doubt today of the growing meaning of universities in Amer- 
ica. That, of course, is one basic reason for the increasing 
urgency with which those who care most for the progress of 
our society are pressing for more adequate programs in higher 
education and in education generally. It is for this reason that 
I urge upon everyone here and in this country the pressing 
need for national attention and a national decision in the 
national interest upon the national question of education. In 
at least four ways, the new realities of our day have combined 
to intensify the focal role of the university in our Nation's life. 

First, and perhaps most obvious, the whole world has come 
to our doorstep and the universities must be its student. In 
the strange geometry of modern politics, the distant Congo 
can be close to us as Canada, and Canada, itself, is worth more 
attention that we have sometimes given. Cultures not our own 
press for understanding. Crises we did not create require our 
participation. Accelerating change is the one universal human 
prospect. 

Second, there is indeed an explosion of knowledge and its 
outward limits are not yet in sight. In some fields, progress 
seems very fast; in other, distressingly slow. It is no tribute 
to modern science to jump lightly to the conclusion that all 
its secrets of particle physics, or molecular life, or heredity, 
of outer space, are now within easy reach. The truth is more 
massive and less magical. It is that wherever we turn, in de- 
fense, in space, in medicine, in industry, in agriculture, and 
most of all in basic science itself, the requirement is for better 
work, deeper understanding, higher education. While I have 



GREETINGS TO BOSTON COLLEGE FROM 
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 



190 



framed this comment in the terms of the natural sciences, I 
insist, as do all those who live in this field, that at every level 
of learning there must be an equal concern for history, for 
letters and the arts, and for man as a social being in the 
widest meaning of Aristotle's phrase. This also is the work 
of the university. 

And third, as the world presses in and knowledge presses 
out, the role of the interpreter grows. Men can no longer know 
everything themselves; the 20th century has no universal man. 
All men today must learn to know through one another to 
judge across their own ignorance -to comprehend at second 
hand. These arts are not easily learned. Those who would 
practice them must develop intensity of perception, variety 
of mental activity, and the habit of open concern for truth 
in all its forms. Where can we expect to find a training 
ground for this modern maturity, if not in our universities? 

Fourth and finally, these new requirements strengthen still 
further what has always been a fundamental element in the 
life of American colleges and universities— that they should be 
dedicated to "the Nation's service." The phrase is Woodrow 
Wilson's, and no one has discussed its meaning better. What 
he said in 1896 is more relevant today than ever before, and 
I close with a quotation from him. 

I offer it to you with renewed congratulations, and in the 
confident hope that as her second century opens, Boston Col- 
lege will continue to respond, as she did in her beginnings, 
to the new needs of the age: 

"It is not learning," said President Wilson, "but the spirit 
of service that will give a college place in the public annals 
of the Nation. It is indispensable," he said, "if it is to do its 
right service, that the air of affairs should be admitted to all 
its classrooms . . . the air of the world's transactions, the con- 
sciousness of the solidarity of the race, the sense of the duty 
of man toward man . . . the promise and the hope that 
shone in the face of all knowledge. . . . The days of glad 
expansion are gone, our life grows tense and difficult; our 
resource for the future lies in careful thought, providence, 
and a wise economy; and the school must be of the Nation." 

Boston College for 100 years has been of the Nation and so 
it will be for the next hundred. 




n>^: 



m r^\ 




Photo courtesy of tlie Boston 




THE CENTENNIAL 
BAND CONCERT 

April 28, 1963 



The Boston College Band chose the Centennial Celebra- 
tion to revive an old tradition which had lapsed for almost 
two decades. At 2:30 P.M. Mr. Peter Siragusa lifted his baton 
and led the band through an hour of march and pop music. 
The three-time winners of the St. Patrick's Day Competition 
in New York rose politely and received the applause of the 
over five hundred students and friends, who were seated in 
chairs and on blankets on the sun-splashed library lawn. 
It is hoped that the warm reception given the band will en- 
courage them to once again make the concert an annual 
tradition. 



The Centennial Band Concert on the south portico of Bapst 
Library. 




192 




EYPiniAOY PHS02 

THE CENTENNIAL GREEK PLAY 
May 5, 1963 

The Classics Department also revived an old tradition of 
the university— the presentation of a Greek play. In the great 
days of the Dramatic Society, there was an annual presenta- 
tion of this sort with authentic costumes, masks, and choral 
songs. In the hands of the Classics Department, the authen- 
ticity of such a production was carried a step further: the 
entire play was given in the original Greek. As in Ancient 
Greece this presentation was given under the open sky, and 
three hundred hardy people braved a very damp day to see 
the tragedy on the library lawn. 




SclturdtiV Centennial Convocation. 2:00 p.m. Alumni Stadium. 

April 20 

Monday dramatic society centennial Production. 8:30 p.m. Bapst 

■^ Auditorium. 

April LL "Cenodoxus" by JAKOB bidermann, S.J. Also April 23. 



Sundiiy Euripides' "Rhesus". 4:00 p.m. Bapst Library Lawn. 
Ma V ^ Presented in the Original Greek by the students of Boston College. 



Friday 
May 10 



Centennial Drama Festival. 

Seminar on the Theater: "One Hundred Years of the 
American Theater, 1863-1963" 12:30 p.m. 

Opening Luncheon. Campion Auditorium. Keynote Speaker: 
JOHN GASSNER, Sterling Professor of Playwriting, Yale Univer- 
sity. "One Hundred Years of American Drama: An Historical 
Account". 

Panel Discussion: "How Much American Drama of the 
Past Century is Significant?" 2:00 p.m. McElroy Commons. 
Moderator: Professor John l. mahoney, Chairman, Department 
of English, Boston College. Panelists: Richard l. coe, Drama 
Critic, "Washington Post-Times Herald; richard gilman. Drama 
Critic, The Commonweal; Sydney l. Harris, Drama Critic, 
Chicago Daily Neu's; henry hewes, Drama Critic, Saturday 
Review; Elliot Norton, Drama Critic, Boston Record-Ameri- 
can. 

Panel Discussion: "Some Important Movements in the 
History of the American Theater" 2:00 p.m. Campion 
Auditorium. Moderator: dr. harold ehrensperger. Chairman, 
Division of Theater Arts, Boston University. Panelists: armina 
MARSHALL LANGNER, Co-administrator, The Theater Guild, "The 
Theater Guild: 1919 to 1963"; lee strasberg. Director, "The 
Actors' Studio"; josE quintero. Director, Circle-in-the-Square 
Theater, New York City, "The Off -Broad way Movement"; 
HARLAN grant. Managing Director, Weston (Vermont) Play- 
house, "The Summer Theater Movement". 



Critics Hewes, Morton, Mahoney, Oilman, and Coe dis- 
cuss the significance of American Drama. 



One of the most constructive of the Centennial activities 
was the Drama Festival, climaxed by the premiere of the play, 
Seven Scenes for Yeni. A two day seminar on "One Hundred 
Years of the American Theater" opened the festival. The 
first of the two sessions, attended by over seven hundred 
people, dealt with the successes, failures, and hopes of Ameri- 
can drama. Mr. John Gassner, Sterling Professor of Playwrit- 
ing at Yale, delivered the keynote address and pointed out 
that the work of Eugene O'Neill, Thornton Wilder, Tennessee 
Williams, and Arthur Miller has been instrumental in creating 
a "rock-hewn realism" which has "given a special lustre to 
the American theater." Participants in the panels included 
Armina Marshall, co-director of the Theater Guild; Jose 
Quintero, director of the Circle-in-the-Square Theater; and 
Lee Strasberg, Director of the Actors' Studio. 

In the other panel held on the first day of the festival, four 
leading drama critics examined the significance of the past 
century of drama. Richard Coe of the Washington Post-Times 
Herald, Richard Gilman of Commonweal, Henry Hewes of 
The Saturday Review, and Elliot Norton of the Boston Rec- 
ord-American discussed the extent of America's contributions 
to the theater over the past century. Mr. Norton contended 
that, "Though America has not produced a Sophocles, a 
Shakespeare, or a Moliere, the American drama in the past 
forty years has been equal or close to the best in the world 
at the time." 

The closing session of the festival was the occasion for 
panel discussions on "The Universities and the Drama," "The 
Community and Festival Theaters," and "The Professional 
Theater Today." The professional theater was the butt of 
much criticism. Arthur Kopit, author of Oh Dad, Poor Dad 
. . ., bemoaned the fact that authors are denied the right to 
failure: "Every act, every scene, every speech must be tops 



100 YEARS OF 
AMERICAN THEATER 




194 



BOSTON 



Bmig^ wm^ 




Sclturday panel discussion: "The Universities and the Drama" 
10:00 A.M. McElroy Commons. Moderator: eugene black- 
M&y 1 1 MAN, Professor of Drama, Northeastern University, President, 
New England Theater Conference. Panelists: Professor wisner 
kinne. Tufts University, "George Pierce Baker at Harvard"; 
Professor F. curtis canfield. Dean, School of Drama, Yale Uni- 
versity, "The Yale Plan"; LEO brady, Professor of Speech and 
Drama, Catholic University of America, "The Catholic University 
Plan"; ROBERT w. schnitzer, Managing Director, Michigan 
University, "The Michigan University Plan — Professional Actors 
in an Academic Community". 

Panel Discussion: "The Community and Festival Thea- 
ters" 10:00 a.m. Campion Auditorium. Moderator: michael 
MURRAY, Dirff /or, Charles Playhouse, Boston. Panelists: K.ELMO 
LOWE, Managing Director, Cleveland Playhouse, "The Cleveland 
Plan"; Richard hoover. The Pittsburgh Playhouse, "The Pitts- 
burgh Plan"; zelda fischandler, Managing Director, The 
Arena Theater, "The Arena Theater, Washington, D.C."; JULES 
IRVING, Managing Director, The Actors' Workshop, San Fran- 
cisco, California, "The Actors' Workshop"; Joseph verner reed. 
Producing Director and Chairman of the Board, The American 
Shakespeare Festival Theater, "The American Shakespeare Festival 
Theater, Stratford, Connecticut". 

Panel Discussion: "The Professional Theater Today" 
2:00 p.m. Campion Auditorium. Moderator: Professor edwin 
burr pettet. Chairman, Department of Theater Arts, Brandeis 
University. Panelists: Herman levin. President, League of New 
York Theaters, Producer of "My Fair Lady"; Howard lindsay. 
Author and Producer; Roger l. stevens. Producer, Head of 
National Cultural Center, Washington, D.C. ; Howard taub- 
MAN, Drama Critic, Neiv York Times. 



THE CENTENNIAL 
DRAMA FESTIVAL 

May 10-11, 1963 






in craft and structure"; while Howard Taubman, drama 
critic for the New York Times, charged that, "Plays are geared 
to expense account mentalities." Herman Levin, producer of 
My Fair Lady, defended the professional theater by claiming 
that, "People attend the theater to escape, to be entertained, 
and that is what Broadway gives." 

At a dinner preceding the premiere of Seven Scenes for 
Yeni, Very Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J., presented gold medals 
to five Americans who have been "outstanding practitioners 
of the theater arts in the United States, men and women who 
have brought dignity and distinction to our theater at its 
best." Recipients of the awards were: Eddie Bowling, actor, 
director, and producer; Lee Strasberg, teacher, critic, and 
mentor; Lawrence Langner, founder of the Theater Guild, 
whose medal was accepted by his widow; Jose Quintero, 
interpreter of the plays of Eugene O'Neill; and John Gassner, 
historian, critic, and teacher. 




Lee Strasberg receives one of five gold medals given by Boston 
College for outstanding contributions to the professional 
American theatre. 



The cocktail hour before dinner. 




In his address, delivered at the dinner. Father Walsh called 
for a more active support of the theater by the university and 
recalled the role Jesuit universities have played in the de- 
velopment of a number of great dramatists, such as Moliere 
and Calderon. Not wishing to dwell solely on past achieve- 
ments, however, Father Walsh concluded that, ". . . tonight 
there is the sound and odor of a new flowering season in the 
air. With you, beloved friends of Boston College, we offer 
our gratitude to God who has given us the harvests and the 
winters, the sunlight and shadow of one hundred years. 
To His greater glory we dedicate the second spring." 

THE DRAMA AWARDS DINNER 

AND 

THE WORLD PREMIERE OF 

"SEVEN SCENES FOR YENI" 
MAY 11, 1963 



196 




Irwin Corey as "Yeni" in the Centennial Play, Seven Scenes for Yeni, commissioned by the university. 



197 



THE NEW YORK TIMES, 



Theater: Forsyth's Faith vs. Tyranny 



Boston College Offers 
7 Scenes for Yeni' 



By HOWARD TAUBMAN 

Special to The New York Tlm« 

NEWTON, Mass., May 12 - 
It was a pi-nud thinp: for 
Boston College to commission 
a play as part of its centcn- 
ial celebration- and even 
more ambitious to present the 
premiere on its campus. 
James Forsyth's "Seven 
j Scene.s for Yeni" had its first 
! performance last night in the 
I McHugh Forum, the college's 
I ice-hockey arena, which was 



transformed into a .spacious 
theater with a large stage. 
The professional production 
culminated two days devoted 
to the theme "100 Years of 
American Theater." 

To anyone familiar with 
Mr. For.syth's work, "Seven 
Scenes for Yeni" is not mcie- 
ly a piece d'occasion. Its con- 
flict between religion and the 
antireligious war waged by 
Communism is |Obviou.sly not 
a deferential bow to the play- 
wright's Roman Catholic pa- 
tron. For Mr. For.syth h;is 
concerned himself with spir- 
itual themes in the past; they 
are deep in his thoughts. 
• 

"Seven Scenes for Yeni" 
makes no secret of wheie it 
stands. It loathes the commi.s- 
sars and their underlines 
who make puppets of a whole 
people. It is outraged by the 
deprivation of freedorii of 
conscience in matters of faith. 

Admirable as are Mr. For- 
syth's views and emotions, 
he has allowed himself to be 
trapped in the very snare that 
cripples Soviet-dominated art. 
He has been bo intent on his 
messa-cp that ho has not 
trusted it to emerge from the 
fundamental action. Many of 
the characteis are as black 
and white as the figures in 
the anti-Western plays one 
encounters in Moscow. 

Since his imagination is 




Commissioned Play Is 
Centennial Highlight 



Irwin Corey 



The Cast 

SrVEN 'iCCNfS rOR /tlJI 3 ncM/ 3/ 
IV l^mc. Fir /th P r nted ll/ B loi 
tollcw pr..f|,,rfd I c I W 1 

Idi V, .III fhd I Id) I) «l ) 
(If Ktnci b/ fiK-r I r At McH jh 



ronim, Bu>io 
Cnriitdnfin 



Coll 



Donold Scirdino 
Kl jl Dt n 

I n I r/ 



theatrical and his >t\lo pod 
ic, Mr. Forsyth his wiittcn 
some touching scene s He h is 
composed a play withm i pi ly 
that recaptures the \ oivU i 
and the .sweetnts-, of the r iily 
mysteries. 

The machinery loading to 
the intGBior play, however, is 
slow and ponderous, The set- 
ting is a fishing village in 
a satellite country where 
Christianity is still stubborn- 



ly though secretly treasured. 
Jax, a party cultural secre- 
tary played in oily fashion by 
Khigh Dhiegh, persuades hia 
superiors to let him under- 
take an experiment that he 
hopes will undermine the 
community's religious loyal- 
ty. 

Yeni, a sad little clown who 
has served a jail term for 
making .sport of party func- 
tionaries and who pines be- 
cause he is not permitted to 
act, is Jax'."? principal agent 
for this experiment. Irwin 
Corey make Yeni a gentle, 
sympathetic figure — first as 
the comedian in oversized 
frock coat and baggy pants 
and later as the player in 
traditional clown's make-up 
impersonating Jesus. 

• 

Yeni's family, important to 
the drama, is conceived along 
elementary lines. His mother, 
played forcefully by Claire 
Luce, is irritable and domin- 
eering. His brothi'r Fosca, 
'played by Walter Kinsella, is 
rebellious yet cynically co- 
operative. Another brother, 
Dominic, is a courageous 
priest, whom Lon Clark plays 
with intensity. 

Thero is a girl of the neigh- 
borhood, homeless and half 
Ji'Wish, who loves Yeni, and 
Ronnie Claire Edwards af- 
tectiugly portrays her as well 
as several roles in the Inner 
play. There are also many 
neighbors, including an old 
fisherman, played with comic 
zest by that once-illustrious 
vaudevillian Bert Wheeler. 

Eddie Dowling's staging 
has resources of sensitivity, 
particularly in the play with- 
in the play. For in the "seven 
scenes for Yeni." intended as 
a mockery of the I'assion of 
Jesus but redeemed by Yeni 
as a pure fool, Mr. Forsyth 
achieves his best writing. 



Pilate interviews a scotch-thirsty Christ. 




Seven Scenes For Yeni 

Written by James Forsyth 
Directed by Eddie Dowling 
Produced by Francis Sidlauskas 




Yeni Entertains himself in a lonclv 
moment. 

Bert Wheeler and Lucille Benson as 
"Argi and Bargi." 






Yeni holds the ear of the high priest's servant. 
The clown's impersonation of Christ at prayer. 

Yeni explains to Una Mari why he must cooperate with the communists. 





HAIL! ALMA MATER 

Hail! Alma Mater! Thy praise we sing. 
Fondly thy mem'ries round our heart still cling. 
Guide of our youth, thro' thee we shall prevail! 
Hail! Alma Mater! Hail! All Hail! 
Hail! Alma Mater! Lo, on the height, 
Proudly thy tow'rs are raised for the Right 
God is thy Master, His law thy sole avail! 
Hail! Alma Mater! Hail! All Hail! 





EDITOR IN CHIEF 
Stuart B. Meisenzahl A&S 



ART EDITOR 

John R. Hurley A&S '63 



BUSINESS MANAGER 
A. Michael Hanna A&S '63 



COPY EDITORS 

M. Douglas Magde A&S '63 
Philip A. Knauf A&S '63 



SALES MANAGER 
John Walker CBA '63 



LAYOUT EDITOR 
Thomas Truxes CBA '63 



PHOTOGRAPH EDITOR 
James Hartnett A&S '65 



COPY STAFF 

Frederick Bouchard A&S '63 
Edmund Duffy A&S '63 
William Franz A&S '63 
Joseph Gergen A&S '63 
John Jordan A&S '63 
Ernest Zupancic A&S '64 



FACULTY MODERATOR 
Rev. John McNamara 



SECRETARIES 

Nadine Curley BN '65 
Mary Kay Morin Ed '63 
Joanne Plaise BN '65 
Clare Pollick BN '65 
Joyce Siwinski BN '65 



SPECIAL DETAIL 

Mary Breen Emmanuel College '63 

Barbara Hanford Trinity College '63 

Cathie Schantz Univ. of Rochester '64 

Judy Simms Newton College '63 
Ann Slyngstad Emmanuel College '63 

SPECIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Thomas B. Barker, 

Associate in Photography 

Rochester Institute of 

Technology '65 



The Centennial Celebration has offered a unique oppor- 
tunity for campus organizations to provide some enduriyig 
contribution to the university. This volume is the SUB 
TURRTS gift. The amount of time and energy which have 
been expended in its publication pales considerably when 
compared with the almost superhuman effort of those who 
have lived the history we have recorded. This book was origi- 
nally intended to be about 170 pages in length. It was soon 
discovered that it would be impossible to do justice to the 
college's past in that limited space. The number of pages was 
therefore expanded by one third and still we found it neces- 
sary to be extremely selective in our choice of materials. As 
a result we have undoubtedly omitted many names and events 
which others may feel merited inclusion. To these we offer 
our sincere apology. 

This volume is unique in many ways. It is the only pictorial 
history of Boston College and it was produced by seniors 
after their graduation. These members of the class of '63 
received no payment for this labor and it is a tribute to both 
themselves and Boston College that their loyalty runs so 
deep. Work was carried on right through Senior Week and 
late into July. It was common to find the seniors' dates, some 
of whom had traveled over 500 miles, quietly typing or arrang- 
ing materials. To those understanding young women we offer 
our sincere thanks. 



This book is also deeply indebted to a number of university 
officials and organizations. Rev. Francis Mackin, S.J., the 
Executive Assistant to the President, and his staff have con- 
tributed valuable materials, extraordinary privileges, and 
helpful suggestions. Mr. John O'Laughlin, the Bapst Librar- 
ian, offered constant encouragement and cut much of the 
red tape one normally encounters in the library. Mr. John 
Lamer, Director of Public Relations, provided constant assist- 
ance in our coverage of the Centennial Celebration. Rev. 
Francis Sweeney, S.J., Director of the Humanities Series, luas 
a source of inspiration and aesthetic criticism. Special thanks 
are due to Rev. John McNamara, S.J., the moderator of the 
SUB TURRI. Father's sound financial advice and his thorough 
understanding of a moderator's function made him an out- 
standing liaison with the administration. 

The great deeds and energy of the "Boston Men of old" 
have been a constant source of inspiration to the members 
of this staff. It is our firm hope that you who read this volume 
will be equally inspired to give of yourselves that Boston Col- 
lege may in her second century rise to ever greater heights 
of excellence. 

Stuart B. Meisenzahl 
Editor-in-chief 



202 



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''SAj'r-.S/i 




PATRONS 



Mr. William S. Abell 

Mr. Felix F. Albano 

Mr. and Mrs. Ralph D. Alexander 

Mr. Daniel Bartholomew 

Bastine & Co., Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. David Bergson 

Mr. Jorge Bermudez 

Mr. and Mrs. James F. Bonnell 

Prof, and Mrs. Paul A. Boulanger 

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Bowles 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin J. Brennan, Sr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Bryan 

Dr. Edw^ard Cardillo 

Mr. and Mrs. Patrick F. Carroll 

Mr. and Mrs. Philip C. Carroll 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Catapano 

Mr. Dominic Cavanna 

Mr. William J. Close 

Mr. and Mrs. Philip H. Colgan 

Mr. and Mrs. Donal M. Collimore 

Mr. and Mrs. Emedee J. Comeau 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Condon 

Mrs. Arthur I. Conley 

Mrs. Beatrice Connolly 

Mr. and Mrs. Edmund J. Connolly 

Mr. Matthew T. Connolly 



PATRONS 

Mr. Joseph P. Corbett 
Mr. and Mrs. Van Crews, Jr. 
Mrs. Joseph A. Curry- 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph S. Cyr 
Mr. and Mrs. Claude M. DeGrass 
Mr. Joseph C. DiFeo 
Mr. James B. Dolan, Sr. 
Mr. Edvi^ard J. Dowd 
Dr. and Mrs. Christopher J. Duncan 
Mr. John F. Durkin, Sr. 
Mr. and Mrs. Walter E. Erwin 
Mr. Michael J. Flahive 
Mr. and Mrs. Raymond J. Flanagan 
Mr. Joseph H. Fustanio 
Mrs. Florence G. Garvey 
In Memory o£ Marie D. Gergen 
Mr. Salvatore Giarraputo 
Mr. Robert J. Glennon 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Hanna 
Mr. and Mrs. Howard R. Hannold 
Mr. and Mrs. John K. Higgins 
Dr. and Mrs. Julien A. Hebert 
Mr. and Mrs. Warren C. Hyer 
Mr. and Mrs. John E. Jordan 
Mr. and Mrs. George C. Kealey 
Mr. and Mrs. Murl B. Knau£ 



PATRONS 

Dr. and Mrs. A. J. Kotarski 

Mr. Henry M. Leen 

Mr. and Mrs. Michael Magde 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis H. Malally 

Dr. and Mrs. Charles V. Manganelli 

Mr. William M. Manzi 

Mr. and Mrs. S. F. Marino 

Mr. and Mrs. Justin P. McCarthy 

Mr. James I. McGrath 

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene McLaughlin 

Mr. and Mrs. James J. McMahon 

Mr. and Mrs. William R. McNamara 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis W. McPhee 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold Meisenzahl 

Mrs. Alexander Menotti 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Merchant 

Mr. and Mrs. John F. Michaels 

Mr. and Mrs. James S. Millea, Sr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Philip Nannery 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. O'Neill 

Mr. Guarino Pasquantonio 

Mr. and Mrs. William Pavlitschko 

Mr. W. Lloyd Pembroke 

Mr. Francis W. Phelan 

Mr. and Mrs. Edmund S. Pietraszek 

Mr. Camillo P. Pizzeri 



PATRONS 

Dr. and Mrs. Robert F. Provencher 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Quirk, Sr. 

Mr. Thomas F. Quirk 

Mr. and Mrs. Erminio Raimo 

Mr. and Mrs. John J. Rehill 

Ann Riley 

Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Rizzo 

Dr. and Mrs. Joseph Rube 

Mr. Stephan J. Ryan 

Dr. and Mrs. Homer Servoss 

In Memory of Arthur P. Shinney, M.D. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward P. Smith 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin J. Speno 

Mr. Francis J. Sullivan 

Mr. and Mrs. J. Warren Sullivan 

Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Tarantino 

Mr. Sergei TerentiefF 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Fong Tom 

Mr. and Mrs. Sigmund Tomkalski 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter J. Trybulski 

Gov. John A. Volpe 

Mr. and Mrs. James W. Ward 

Mr. Ernest W. Warnke 

Mrs. Alfred C. Wasilauskas 

Mr. John O. Werkmeister, Jr. 

Mr. Joseph V. Zak 



ANNA MARIA COLLEGE 

PAXTON. MASSACHUSETTS 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 



January 2, 1963 



Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S.J, 

President 

Boston College 

Chestnut Hill 67, Massachusetts 

Dear Father Walsh: 

The year I963 marks the one hundredth anniversary of the 
founding of Boston College, No educator in New England 
can be indifferent to the achievements called the 
"Miracle of Chestnut Hill." 

It can rightly be said that Catholic education in this 
area owes much to Boston College, On this campus, 
countless students were introduced to the challenge of 
intellectual pursuits and prepared for their careers 
as teachers, lav/yers, social workers, nurses, scientists, 
medical doctors, research workers, business administrators. 
Most of our Catholic colleges for women list faculty 
members who did all of their graduate work or part of it 
at Boston College and then went on to transmit to others 
the knowledge they had acquired, 

A particular message of congratulations is addressed to 
you, Father Walsh, for the remarkable advancement during 
your presidency and for the promise of the future embodied 
in the Development Program you have undertaken. 

In my ovm name and on behalf of the entire personnel of 
Anna Maria College, I wish you every blessing in the years 
ahead as you continue to lead Boston College in its service 
to the educational needs of the nation. 

Respectfully yours in Christ, 

,,^625^ J^^^-^ :;^e^— ^ ^^^. 

Sister Irene Marie, S.S.A. 
President 



SIM/kb 



208 




ALUMNI M£M.eiUALLlB«AItX- 




^ SAJNT XUa<AAS ftJAU. 



UNIVERSITY OF SCRANTON 



SCRANTON 3 ■ PE N N S YLVAN I; 



Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S. J. 

Office of the President 

Boston College 

Chestnut Hill 67, Massachusetts 



Reverend and de 



Fathe 



ident 



On the occasion of your Centenary Anniversary, the 
University of Scranton conveys very sincere fraternal greetings 
and congratulations to Boston College, our Jesuit colleagues, 
your dedicated faculty and loyal sons! 

A century studded with heroic vision and sacrifice, re- 
verses, hope, expansion and construction, is an eminently con- 
soling accomplishment. Boston College's century of community 
and national educational service and its renowned devotion to 
scholarship, truth and meaningful, masterful teaching is a truly 
brilliant page in the annals of American Catholic higher educatioi 



as your 


May the 
venerabl 


future of yoi 
e foundations 


and 


iversity be 
traditions! 


as f 
Th 


irm and endur 
rough the myr 


ng 
ad 




challeng 
best ble 


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ssing as 


next millenn 
It presses it 


ium 


bbing labor 


Co 
for 


liege enjoy eve 
God. for the 


ry 




Church, 


and for 
With ou 


academic ex 
r kindest reg 


elle 
ards 


and esteen- 


, I 


Sincerely you 

j/hn J. L6ng 
President 


S 


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LOyoUt. UALL OF SCIENCE 



TH£ STUDENZ CENX&H. 



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CONGRATULATIONS 

College of 

Arts and Sciences 

Student Senate 




^4^ «rt«3' •■ 



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it- 



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211 



In Commemoration of Boston College's 
Centennial Celebration 

CHARLES LOGUE BUILDING COMPANY 

NEEDHAM, MASS. 

"Builders of the Tower on the Heights." 



Established 1890 



John I. Logue Class of 1943 





Congratulations 



from the 



Philomatheia Club 




CLUB 



™ 



•'^»d> 



^ :^ 






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: I 

TMTttTii 



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THE GOLD KEY SOCIETY 

SALUTES 

BOSTON COLLEGE 

ON ITS 

CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY! 



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% •* 






COMPLIMENTS 

of the 

NEW YORK CLUB 

of Boston College 



i/ 


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m 




^: 




Compliments of 



COTE MOTOR COMPANY, INC 




CARS W/Jmi^ TRUCKS 



Boston's Only Full Line Ford Dealer 
FORD-FALCON-FAIRLANE-GALAXIE-THUNDERBIRDS 

Complete Line of New and Used Trucks 
Ford Marine and Industrial Engines 

For Sales, Service and Satisfaction — 

- Call CY 6-3700 - 

820 Cummins High'way 

MATT AP AN SQ. 

Boston 26, Mass. 



216 



FOR ALL YOU'LL EVER NEED IN HEATING • 

o 



o 




PETROLEUM c" =o" 



AT & POWER 
M P A N Y 



65 STATE STREET • BOSTON 9, MASS. 





CApitol 7-8800 
OIL BURNERS FOR SCHOOLS 

RESIDENCES, HOSPITALS 

CHURCHES, INDUSTRY 



OO 



217 



...■ *?%f 




WE SALUTE BOSTON 



lGE on TH& OCG^SSION 



■R><SL./'^^ryCiP''^' '^^*^^^". -^feiSES^ ' S.^'^ ■'■'JB^i 



OF ITS CENTENNIAL YEAR — 1 8 63 - 1 ^^3 



May the University's progress in^ihe future: continue in 
admirable tradition' — Ever to Excel'T"^ " •-— -- ► - -« 



Edward J. Tedescw A.r.A. 

* A. Richard Brooks A. I. A. 

E. J. Rempelakis AI.Aj, 

Frank P. Orlando -A^J.A. 



15 PLEASANT STREET WQBURN, MASSACHUSETTS 

Edward J. Tedesco Associates • Architects 

E. J. Tedesco B. C. '49 



Best wishes to Boston College— 
from 

BARNEY AND CAREY LUMBER COMPANY 
BROOKLINE - MILTON 



-rtrtf 






The 

Boston College Cadet Officers Club 
Boston College Rifle Club 
Boston College Lewis Drill Team 

SALUTE 

B. C. on its Centennial 

1863- 1963 





The Officers and Members of 
DELTA SIGMA PI 

and 
ALPHA KAPPA PSI 

Congratulate Boston College 
on its Anniversary 



BUILDERS OF 

Greater Boston's Newest and Tallest Luxury Apartment House 



ESTABLISHED 1902 - INCORPORATED 1911 



GEORGE F. DRISCOLL COMPANY 



General Contractors 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 

41 E. 42nd STREET 
NEW YORK, N. Y. 

Murray Hill 7-4200 

650 HUNTINGTON AVENUE 
BOSTON, MASS. 

BEacon 2-3477 



Fred J. Driscoll, LL.D. '55 
President 

Fred J. Driscoll, Jr., B.S. '52 
Vice President 




CHARLESBANK APARTMENTS 



Beacon Redevelopment Corporation 
Owner 



Hugh Stubbins and Associates, Inc. 
Architects 




CENTENNIAL 



223 





CENTENNIAL GREETINGS 
BOSTON COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



Rev. Francis V. Sullivan, S.J. '21 
Faculty Advisor 



William A. Ryan, '33 
President 



Walter G. Boudreau, '43 
Executive Secretary 



Thomas O'C. Murray, '43 CBA 
Director, Alumni Relations 



Compliments of: 

TEXACO Inc 

830 Boylston Street 
Chestnut Hill SI , Mass. 



225 



THE BOOKSTORE 

McELROY COMMONS 

BOSTON COLLEGE 



THE BOOKSTORE IS A TRUE ACADEMIC BRANCH OF 
ANY UNIVERSITY. 



Textbooks — required and recommended paperbacks from 
all publishers — reference books. 

Sports Wear — Jewelry — Stationery — Glassware — 
Greeting Cards — Book Ends — Supplies. 

Health and Beauty aids — Prints of Famous Paintings. 

Boston College Songs recorded by the University Chorale. 

Classical and Popular Records 



Salutes 

BOSTON COLLEGE 

ONE HUNDRED YEARS 

1863 - 1963 



Compliments of 



.AK 




Boston College No. 5278, Knights of Columbus 



CHESTNUT HILU 67, 
MASSACHUSETTS 



227 



Congratulations to . . . 
BOSTON COLLEGE 

on its 

100th ANNIVERSARY 

. . and to the faculty, students and alumni 
the Best of Good Wishes. 



THE 



Miiiiiitf 



SYSTEM INCORPORATED 



CHARLES J. RICHARDSON '36, President 

OPERATING: Waldorf Cafeterias, St. Clairs' Restaurants, International House 
of Pancakes Restaurants, Clark Restaurants, Big Burger Ranch 
Drive-ins. 

LOCATED IN: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, 
New York, Ohio and Florida. 



H. 



^ere s to all 
at century-old B. C. . . . 
To the proud place you hold 
in our community! 

For one hundred years 
of fine things done, 

For one hundred years 
of honors won. 



For everything from grads 
to your sporting rate . . . 

Congratulations from a friend 
who's one hundred and eight! 

the 
Boston 

(an ad'vertiser in the original issue of the Sub Turri in 1913 ) 

A Sherrard Hoit-l 




Kotte 9ame,3ni>iaita 
Office of the President 

December 12, I962 



Dear Boston College Friends: 

All of us at Kotre Dame are happy to salute 
the Centennial Year of your distinguished Boston College. 
We have watched your great progress -with pride and satis- 
faction. There are few institutions of higher learning in 
America that have grown so well in q.uality and quantity 
during recent decades. Of course, this is in keeping with 
your rich tradition. 

May we take this opportunity of mshing 
the Administration, the facility, the student body, the 
alumni, and the friends of Boston College a very hearty 
hundredth birthday, with the confident hope that the next 
hundred years will be as fruitf\il and productive of good 
things as the past hundred years have been. 

All of us at Notre Dame are proud to share 
the joy and happiness which this hundred years of accom- 
plishment have occasioned. 



Devotedly yours in Our Lord 





(Rev.) Theodore M. Hesburih, C.S.C. 
President 




FAIRFIELD UNIVERSITY 

FAIRFIELD. CONNECTICUT 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 



February 20, 1963 



Very Reverend Michael P. Walsh, S. J. 

President 

Boston College 

Chestnut Hill 67, Massachusetts 

Dear Father Walsh: 

Fairfield University salutes her elder sister- 
college at Boston and extends her warmest felicitations 
on the happy occasion of Boston College's centennial 
celebration. That you may continue to grow in age and 
wisdom and grace is the fervent prayer of all at 
Fairfield. "Ad Multos Annos" is the sincere and 
friendly greeting I extend today in the name of our 
Deans and Faculties, both Jesuit and Lay, which Include 
so many Boston College alumni and exchange professors; 
and of our students and alumni who have enjoyed so many 
friendly meetings with Boston College men in cultural 
and athletic activities. 

Sincerely yours, 

(Rev.) James E. FltzGerald, S. J. '^ 
President 



JEF:cn 





OFFICE OF THS PRESIDENT 



RIVIER COLLEGE 

NASHUA, NEW HAMPSHIRE 



CONGRATULATIONS TO BOSTOJ COLLEGE 
on ONE HUNDRED YEARS of 
LEADERSHIP 

SCHOLARSHIP 

SERVICE 



Throughout the past century. Catholic American Youth, looking to one 
or other of the professions, and thousands of priests and religious 
teachers of almost every order in the United States, have sought to 
perfect their knowledge and xniprove their skills through contact with 
Jesuit scholars, 

Boston College, they foimd, answered their needs. It has produced 
leaders of liiought in both the arts and sciences 5 it has consistently 
recognized the importance of sound scholarship and as a result has 
sent forth through the years philosophers, theologians, men of out- 
standing spiritual stature as well as prominent leaders in government, 
finance and human relations. 

In a word, the singular achievement of Boston College has been in 
SERVICE — service to mankind through Christian education; service 
to America by the formation of men imbued with lif e-and-death loyalty 
to their country; service to the Church expressed in the large number 
of Boston College alumni who, whether as laymen, priests, bishops ~ 
witness Boston's own eminent Richard Cardinal Gushing ~ have brought 
honor to their selfless, highly trained and dedicated teachers. 

May Almighty God continue to shower His choicest blessings on New 
England's leading Catholic xmiversity for many years to come. 



Sincerely in Christ, 



Sister Clarice de St. Marie, P.M. 
President 



^^^ 



Annhurst Gollkge 

South Woodstock, Connecticut 

December 25, 1962 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 



Annhurst College 
South Woodstock, Connecticut 



On the occasion of the first centennial of the 
fovinding of Boston College, the President, the 
Administration and the Faculty of Annhurst 
College send felicitations for one hundred hears 
of outstanding achievement together vd.th good 
vd.shes and prayers for continued excellence and 
growth in the years to come* 



Very sincerely yours, 



Mother Claire Helen, F.S.E, 
President 



232 



EMMANUEL COLLEGE offers affectionate good wishes to BOSTON 
COLLEGE upon the completion of the first century of dedicated ser- 
vice to youth. With admirable courage and perseverance, its faculty has 
upheld a high level of scholastic achievement and Christian leadership. 
Sensing the conviction in the minds of their teachers, its students have 
emulated their example and transferred to their professional fields the 
moral and intellectual ideals they have learned on Chestnut Hill. Con- 
temporary society gives testimony to their influence. 

We who have witnessed the growing years pray that the glories of the 
past may be but the foundation of future centuries of achievement for 
BOSTON COLLEGE. 




233 



Compliments o£ 
A FRIEND 




234 



Congratulations to 

Boston College 
on its Centennial 




INE PRINTING SINCE 1887 — 
That's the story of Foote & Davies, Inc. 
Today we have one of the most modern and best 
equipped plants in the country. And fine 
Yearbooks have always been an important part 
of our business. Our craftsmen believe in 
quality and strive to produce the 
"best in the Industry." Our excellent 
printing doesn't just happen — 
it's a combination of production 
research, craftsmanship, and 
painstaking supervision. 



FOOTE & DAVIES, INC. 

764 MIAMI CIRCLE, N. E. 



ATLANTA 24, GEORGIA 





236 




CLASS OF 1963 

SENIOR WEEK 








"Our group had 61% fewer 
cavities and 50% fewer 
brains." 




^i^^m 




'Take that, you masher! 



"You pinched her where? 




'Eat hearty . . . it's your last meal for a week." 



*««^*^v«" 





M^^^ 




The Lyons Police always get their quarry. 





B. C.'s astronaut heading for a moon. 





Bouchard and Knauf, builders of quality homes. 




The dirty old man and 
his gift to the sea. 




The Centennial Camel Race. Representing Boston Col- 
lege on the second camel from the left is Rev. Daniel 
Foley, S. J.— proving 4 out of 7 men prefer camels. 



Senior Day at the Tam left many of the boys a little high. 





MOONLIGHT 
CRUISE 



Somewhere in there are the "Red Garter Five." 



"Sock 'im. Buck! 





"Sinking?" 




"I'll be right up, Moml 





Peter Nero 



'The Journeymen.' 



CAPRI 






R.O.T.C. COMMISSIONING 



'Conaratulations, Lieutenant." 




"Congratulations, Son.' 





The faculty who have led us for four years. 



BACCALAUREATE MASS 




Participants in Class Night: 

Master of Ceremonies, 
Douglas Magde 

Salutatorian, 
Thomas Feeney 

Tree Orator, 
Stephen Fay 

Centennial Ode, 
Judith Corbett 

Valedictorian, 
William Abell 



PARENTS NIGHT 



CLASS NIGHT 



Peter White receives his gold medal 
for General Excellence in Arts and 
Sciences and the Cardinal O'Connell 
Theology Award. 




Mothers and fathers, sons and dates. 




The Honorable Anthony Joseph Celebrezze, Secretary of 
Health, Education, and Welfare. 




James Reston receives his honorary Doctor of 
Laws degree. 



'Fondly thy memories . . ." 




How debonair!" 



Father Charles H. Stonestreet, S.J. 
Born in Maryland, graduated from 
Georgetown in 1833, entered the Society 
the same year. Taught at Georgetown. 
Appointed Provincial of the Md.-N.Y. 
Province in 1852; president of George- 
town in 1858. He completed St. Aloy- 
sius Church, Wash., in 1859, taught at 
Georgetown, was appointed rector of 
Gonzaga College. Spiritual father at 
Holy Cross, 1880. Died July 3, 1885. 

Alexander Hamilton Bullock, who 
signed the charter as Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, was bom in 
Royalston, Mass., March 2, 1816. Gradu- 
ated from Amherst in 1836, taught at 
Princeton. Studied law at Harvard, be- 
gan practice in Worcester. Elected rep- 
resentative, 1845-1847, senator in 1849, 
mayor of Worcester in 1859. Returned 
to the legislature, was Speaker of the 
House from 1862-1866. Elected governor 
in 1866 and was twice re-elected. Made 
trustee of Amherst College in 1852; re- 
ceived degree of LL.D. from Harvard 
in 1866. Died Jan. 17, 1882. 

Jonathan Edward Field, President of 
the State Senate in 1863. Born in Had- 
dam. Conn., July 11, 1813, died in Stock- 
bridge, Mass., April 23, 1868. A lawyer 
of note in the western part of the state; 
served in the Senate in 1854, in the 
House in 1862, again in the Senate from 
1863 to 1865. 

John Albion Andrew, Governor of 
Massachusetts during the Civil War. 
Born in Windham, Me., May 31, 1818. 
After graduating from Bowdoin College 
in 1837, he came to Boston, studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1840. 
He was elected to the lower branch of 
the state legislature in 1857, served a 
term, declined re-election. In 1860 he 
was elected governor on the Republi- 
can ticket by the greatest popular ma- 
jority recorded in the state up to that 
time. Was re-elected four times, serving 
till January, 1866. A great executive, 
liberal, humane, visioned. An uncom- 
promising opponent of slavery, but at 
the end of the war urged a friendly 
attitude toward the southern states, and 
"reconstruction without retribution." 
Also opposed the notorious "Know- 
nothing" movement. Though not a Ca- 
tholic, he frequently attended the Im- 
maculate Conception Church, and 
proved himself a real friend of the 
Jesuit Fathers and of the new Boston 
College. He died at the age of forty- 
nine, Oct. 30, 1867. 






In the ye0,r One Thmisand Eight Hundred and Sixty'tlirce . 

BeU enacted by the Senate arid Mouse ofMepreteniatives in General Court assembled, and 
Vy the authorUy^.the same, as follows: ^f^^ k<^t/m JU S{un/, (Tdu^aUM-Zt^e/ck, 
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