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3 1833 02410 3274 
(Gc 977, 101 C32b v. 1 
'Bahmer, William 
, Centennial history o-f 
Coshocton County, Ohio 



Coshocton Countyt 




Vol. I 




900 VJebster Street 


Life by life, and race by race, 

You pass through ages strange; 
Breath by breath, and death by death, 

You run the links of change. 
Your tribes have come, your tribes have gone. 

And those today will go; 
What Time may bring, as cycles szving, 

A'o man of us can knozv. 

Your years are old, your work is old, 

Since Man -first named you Home; 
His trail is o'er your glacial shore, 

And where the Mammoth roamed. 
He has left his bones in your ice-drift stones. 

And Mounds of ancient earth; 
While forests reared, and forests scared. 

Before the Red Man's birth. 

He lived by blood, and right of might. 

And flaked his flint to slay; 
Through moonlit waste he howled his hate, 

And danced to crimson fray. 
Then shadows broke, nezv life azvoke — 

Coshocton, Hearth of Men! 
Our Home and Sun, till zve are done— 

O Lord of hosts, zvhat then? 


In apportioning the pages of Coshocton County history it has 
been necessary to keep ever in view a vital Present as well as a vivid 
Past; to dwell not unduly on the Old, and to treat justly of the New; 
to sketch the antiquity that was Moundbuilder and the barbarity that 
was Indian into the civilization which is Coshocton. 

There are many books affording means for scientific study of this 
region and its antiquity. A heap of biology, paleontology, anthro- 
pology, archaeology, geology, ethnology and other ologies could be 
piled higher than our mounds. Should this rough penciling take 
the reader to the library that will be better than bringing the library 
into these pages. 

The county's most impressive development is in the last fifty 
years, particularlv the last quarter century. For valuable informa- 
tion grateful acknowledgment is due the press and the citizens who 
have so fully contributed to the record. In touching upon the social, 
industrial, economic and political features the cardinal purpose has 
been to speak true, to judge tolerantly, and above all to keep in mind 
that wealth is no corollary of worth and success no evidence of 
character. W. J. Bahmer. 

Coshocton, February i, 1909. 




The l)eginning of everything is the object of a deal of investiga- 
tion all over the world. Whole libraries are filled with opinions of 
many scholars in as many different languages giving as many vary- 
ing notions regarding the antiquity of human life. In such a discus- 
sion our particular spot on the earth cannot very well be overlooked. 
Much as we may be interested in the pioneer life and the modern 
Coshocton County there is something in the mystery of the ages that 
holds us in awe before these hills and valleys where a wonderful pro- 
cession of mankind issued from Cimmerian night and vanished into 
pathetic and fathomless silence. 

As everyone knows from the pages of geology, there was once 
upon a time whirling through space a ball of fire whose surface in 
course of ages gradually crusted, cooling the air until moisture 
formed and the first rain washed our young world. The waters tore 
their way through. Explosions and earthquakes shook the new earth 
in frightful convulsion, while the wild-flaming, wild-thundering train 
of heaven's artillery swept across inky skies. Upheavals of rock 
clung into continents. Receding waters became seas. And to this 
sublime dawn of the earth's creation the geologist has given a name — 
the Eozoic age — a million years ago, what matter if more or less, a 
time that no man knows. 

The world turned on in the wheel of time and passed through 
its Palaeozoic age, when life appeared in a tadpole stage, and if you 
believe in evolution (which you can if you want to) we were those 
self-same tadpoles along this one-time seashore where 


We sprawled through the ooze and slime, 
Or skittered with many a caudal flip. 

For it is written in geology that the sea covered what is now 
Coshocton County long enough to form the stratifications, including 
the shale with its fossil remains of the fish age, and eons later the 
coal and limestone imprinted with the plant tracery of the carbo- 
niferous age. Then the hot lands heaved amain and in Langdon 
Smith's lines on the Darwinian theory 

We were Amphibians, scaled and tailed. 

And drab as a dead man's hand; 
We coiled at ease 'neath the dripping trees. 

Or trailed through the mud and sand. 
Croaking and blind, with our three-clawed feet, 

Writing a language dumb, 
With never a spark in the empty dark 

To hint at a life to come. 

In time came the Mammoth. Remains of huge elephants and 
mastodons have been found in peat marshes of these valleys, accord- 
ing to C. H. Mitchener. of the New Philadelphia bar, thirty-three 
years ago in his history of our Coshocton valleys, a rare work even in 
this day. 

As the eons came and the eons went more snow accumulated in 
the North than summer suns could melt. Then formed that vast 
mass of slowly moving ice which geologists have decided pressed 
down from the north pole toward this latitude, similar to the present 
ice-covered waste of Northern Greenland. In Europe the ancient 
glacial covering spread over Britain and the Scandinavian peninsula. 
Western Russia, Northern Germany and the whole valley of Switzer- 
land, and in America as far south as our region and thence south- 
westerly in a direction of some variableness. 

The signs of this ice sheet are traced in glacial scratches on 
stones. The geologist reasons that the grinding ice leveled the land, 
and that boulders, drift and rocks carried from the North in the ice- 
sheet's freezing embrace were left here when the ice finally melted. 
There are some, however, who reject the ice evidence that persuades 
others, and who hold that a flood instead produced all the phenomena. 


Coshocton County valleys are lined with gravel terraces, the 
drift deposit laid down by the swollen streams of the melting glacial 
years. Much of the city of Coshocton is built upon a glacial terrace. 
Granitic pebbles from Northern Canada are massed here with local 
pebbles. \'erily, "sermons in stones," and cyclopedias in pebbles. 

H. J. Lewis, of Pittsburg, and one-time president of the Society 
of Engineers of Western Pennsylvania, has an interesting theory 
regarding the gravel terrace or bench that lines the Tuscarawas val- 
ley. He has traced its entire length, and from pebbles found in it 
near his home town of West Lafayette he is convinced that the waters 
of the St. Lawrence River once followed this course. These pebbles, 
he avers, are seen nowhere else except along the shores of the St. 
Lawrence. According to Professor George Frederick Wright, of 
Oberlin, among America's eminent archaeologists, there were no 
Niagara Falls and no Lake Erie before the glacial period, while north- 
ern rivers found new beds with the retreat of the ice. 

It is in such gravel terraces as ours that archaeologists are 
searching today for evidence that man inhabited the earth during the 
glacial period ten thousand years ago or more, according to various 
estimates. The attention of the scientific world was drawn to the 
first discovery of human implements in the gravel terraces near Ab- 
beville, in Northern France, seventy years ago. Later, more imple- 
ments of a similar type were found in England. In recent years a 
most important archjeological discovery made in America was the 
finding of paleolithic implements by Dr. C. C. Abbott at a depth of 
five to twenty feet in the gravel bluff overlooking the Delaware River 
at Trenton. 

These hatchet-like implements and fish-spears are accepted as 
paleolithic because found in undistur]:)e(l deposits of the glacial age. 
They are now in the Peabody Museum at Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Indians fashioned similar objects of flint, but Dr. Abbott, who is 
well known as an investigator of Indian antiquities, describes the 
paleolithic implements as of argillite or slate, resembling closely 
what European archaeologists call stone axes of the Chellean type. 

IMore recent discoveries of these paleolithic implements have 
been made in the gravel terraces at Madisonville and Loveland, show- 
ing that glacial man was in Ohio. Wherefore Professor Wright en- 
joins that wherever excavations are being made in these glacial 


drifts someone should be on the lookout for paleoliths, the discovery 
of which would interest scientists the world over. Nor should the 
observer be too easily discouraged, says the professor, because hunt- 
ing a chipped stone in a great bank of pebbles and gravel is like look- 
ing for a needle in a haystack. The writer cheerfully attests to the 
difficulty after personally satisfying himself by a feverish scramble 
along the walls of Coshocton's gravel pit, with clawing hands and 
an archaeological stare. 

Having evidence that man existed as early as the glacial age, 
what manner of being was he? Dr. Abbott argues he was the an- 
cestor of the Eskimo, driven northward by the invading Indian, but 
the paleolithic man's implements no more resemble those of the Es- 
kimo than those of people in the later stone age. Some yet consider 
glacial man of the same blood as the ancient cave-dwellers of France. 

If we accept the view of Henry W. Haynes of the Archaeological 
Institute of America, as set forth in the Narrative and Critical History 
of America, whatever primitive people may have occupied this region 
they were at least no mysterious, superior race, and they did not even 
reach a stage of culture that could properly be called civilization. 

This may restrain any ardent local archaeologist from assert- 
ing this to be the seat of the vanished empire of Atlantis, though 
several writers have declared their belief it was somewhere in Am- 
erica as an offset to learned commentators who have variously and 
wildly supported the claims of Sweden, Africa, Spitzbergen, and 

At any rate it is an interesting tale of Plato's, whether or not 
we endorse the conservative opinion of Longinus as expressed to his 
pupils in Alexandria that Plato designed the tradition merely as a 
literary ornament. As Plato's story runs, when Solon was in Egypt 
an aged priest said to him, "Solon, you Greeks are all children. You 
know of but one deluge, whereas there have been many destructions 
of mankind, both by flood and fire; in Egypt alone is ancient history 
recorded." And the dialogue goes on to describe the island of At- 
lantis somewhere ofif the Spanish coast where a mighty power held 
sway about as many thousand years ago as when glacial man hunted 
the mammoth in Coshocton valleys. This power pressed hard upon 
other nations of the known world to subjugate them all. "Then came 


a day and night of great floods and earthquakes: Atlantis disap- 
peared, swallowed by the waves." 

So much for the visions of poets and the theories of philosophers 
in their ancient guessing at the possibility of such a land, as some 
today imagine an antarctic continent or an open polar sea. Enough 
that archaeologists generally have settled it in books if not by the 
spade that glacial man perished before a foreign invasion from Asia 
or the Pacific islands. How far this theory of an Oriental invasion 
has gone and to what extent it has fostered the belief that from such 
early Asiatics were descended the tribes which for ages dwelt in Co- 
shocton County, we will now look into, even if we don't sanction. 




LU(e a God-created, fire-breathinff spirit host, we emerge f.-om the inane, haste stormfully across the astonished earth, 
then plunge again into the inane. On the hardest adamant some footprint of us is stamped in: the 
last rear of the host will read traces of the earliest van. But whence? O heaven, whither? Sense 
knows not. faith Icnows not. only it is tlin.ugh mystery to mystery, from God to God. 

— Carlyle's ■•Sartor Eesartus." 

All the wisdom of the Orient, of Egypt, of Greece and Rome 
tells us naught of our land or its people in those dim and shadowy 
ages when the Chinese, Chaldeans, Egyptians and Persians com- 
prised the known population of the world. The secret of those thou- 
sands of vears is locked in the breast of Nature. Forest after forest 
has come and gone, rivers have left their ancient shores, plains have 
come and bottom lands. Against the blue dusk of summer skies and 
the gray cold of winter clouds, the eyes of L'nknown Man lifted 
to the same old rolling line of hills, those heights eternal, dumb 
watches of fathomless time looking down on human ages in storm- 
ful passage to oblivion. 

The vast rivers of melting ice spreading from hillside to hillside 
in glacial man's day slowly receded in course of ages to their present 
beds, leaving exposed broad plains and valleys for the use of that 
Other Man who has baffled our understanding. In his earthworks 
and stoneworks lies hidden the mystery of ages. What story of 
human activity, of weird ceremonies, perhaps sacrificial terrors, may 
belong to these mute symbols of a voiceless past. M^eed-grown and 
brush-covered, some today are but faintly traced in brier-tangled 
field and wood, while the plow has worn down others until there is 
left only a dim outline where not many years ago there circled in bold 
relief a breast-high wall of earth. 

From the variety and extent of these earthworks within our 
county's borders, ranging from circles and huge enclosures to mounds 
large and small, and from the vast labor necessarilv involved, whether 


the earth was carried in baskets or otherwise, we have sufficient evi- 
dence that this was a populous center of that ancient race engaging- 
the attention of the archaeological world. Whether or not it was a 
mighty power that held sway in the primeval forest, a people skilled 
in arts of peace as well as war, we can only conjecture from the 
inscrutable character of the ruins that mark the passing of this lost 

For most of us the vanished race view is still the more plausible 
despite the weight of testimony adduced by archc-eological authority 
in support of the Indian theory of our Moundbuilders' origin. All 
local knowledge which has come down to us regarding the red men 
who existed here absolves them readily from the suspicion of undertak- 
ing anything so nearly approaching real work as the building of these 
mounds. Whatever else may be charged to our noble red men during 
their residence in this region, we hesitate about accusing them of 
overcoming their haughty disdain for labor to the extent of digging 
up tons and tons of earth and heaping it into walls and mounds. The 
Coshocton Indian's popular idea of a wall was a tepee skin or bark of 
a tree, and for a fortification it was far less troublesome and vastly 
more to his liking to simply dodge behind a rock. 

Of course, any discussion of the Moundbuilder problem is ex- 
pected to be characterized by reserve. We can only approach the sub- 
ject by cautiously venturing to inquire without presuming to decide, 
especially where eminent authorities in the scientific world have so 
hopelessly disagreed. There are those, we are told, who have written 
much but added little to real knowledge of the subject; more who 
have only borrowed from others ; some who have made sober observa- 
tions ; some far from sober ; and some who have compiled descriptions 
with worthless comment. 

In this region, doubly important among American localities as 
a prehistoric and historic center, the student has the advantage of 
personal contact with such evidence as remains. To that extent at 
least what views are formed may deal with facts, not surmise. 

Special attention is drawn to the extensive earthwork^ on a pre- 
cipitous ridge of the Winfield Miller estate along the Walhonding 
near Coshocton. A circle swings around the whole summit of the 
hill. Through the fringe of woods the view sweeps the valley of the 
Walhonding. Down the steep hillside is a drop of two hundred feet 


to the road. There are only a few of these high hilltop enclosures 
reported in Ohio. 

W. K. Moorehead, curator of the Ohio State Archaeological and 
Historical Society, reporting a visit to the circle on this hill a dozen 
years ago, described it as "some two acres in extent, the embankment 
low and broad; where preserved by woods it appears to have origin- 
ally been five feet high." 

Continuing the description of the circle the report refers to "a 
long passage way from the valley leading up to it, and in this respect 
the place is peculiar. The passage is some fifteen feet wide on the 
average and walled on either side by natural ledges. We think the 
enclosure merits future investigation." 

Subsequent examination of the road or passage way from the 
valley leading up to the earthwork convinced local investigators that 
this rock-walled path is a split in the huge boulders, the split widen- 
ing to several feet with the slipping of the detached rock from the 
bulk imbedded in the hillside. 

The State survey mentions the hilltop circle as a fortification, 
and the statement is made that "many citizens of Coshocton claim it 
to be a French fort, but we would call it decidedly Indian in form." 
What local supposition may have existed ascribing this earthwork to 
Frenchmen it is difficult to discern. Certain it is that history is silent 
regarding the erection of any French fortification in this locahty. 
There has been discussion relating to the Miller hill as the site of 
Colonel Bouquet's camp when the Indian treaty was made, though 
the most recent investigation attaches the older and much greater 
importance to the hilltop circle as the work of more ancient hands 
than British soldiers. On the spot chosen for their camp the troops 
threw up four redoubts, according to Colonel Bouquet's own account 
of it, and between such angular embankments and the circle on the 
Miller hill there can be no analogy. 

On the plowed ground within the circle are many flint chips, 
while local arrowhead collections include numerous specimens from 
this hilltop. The presence of Indian relics is a matter of course in a 
region so long occupied by the red men, but that the hand which drew 
vesterdav's arrow is related to the earthwork any more than the hand 
on today's plow is not viewed as probable in the light of local evidence. 


The earliest accounts speak of our mounds being regarded even 
in the Indian's day as structures of remote antiquity. The mission- 
ary, Zeisberger, noted a hundred and thirty-three years ago the nu- 
merous signs of an ancient race here. He referred particularly to the 
cemetery containing thousands of graves near the mound three miles 
south of Coshocton. 

The skeletons, reduced to chalky ashes, were three feet to four 
and a half feet long, smaller than Indian or mound skeletons. These 
pygmies have led to much conjecture. Thus far no definite conclu- 
sion is recorded in any of the notices of this ancient city of the dead. 
The bibliography of Ohio earthworks, prepared for the Smithsonian 
Institution, includes the notice in Howe's Historical Collections, 
quoted from Dr. Hildreth's description in Silliman's Journal, 1835. 
This also mentions an ancient cemetery of pygmies near St. Louis. 
There the skeletons were found in stone sepulchres, while those here 
seemed to have been in wooden coffins. A discovery of pygmy graves 
on the Keene-Bethlehem township line is credited to J. C. Milligan. 

Hildreth relates that in one of the Coshocton graves was found a 
skeleton five and a half feet long, with decayed pieces of oak and iron 
nails. The skull was triangular in shape, much flattened at the sides 
and back, though not with the slant-brow of flat-head Indians seen 
in the West. A hole pierced the back of the skull. The bones were 
displaced, the skull being found with the pelvis, from which it is in- 
ferred that the body was dismembered before burial. In the St. Louis 
cemetery was found among the pygmies one skeleton of rather large 
development though not taller than the rest. The legs were cut ofif 
at the knees and placed alongside the thigh bones. 

Mitchener tells of the Nanticoke Indians in Maryland drying 
the bones of their dead and carrying them in wrappings from place 
to place as generation after generation sought new hunting grounds, 
and that eventually these ancestral bones found a final resting place 
in the valley at Coshocton when the last of the tribe became too weak- 
ened by war to move farther. This tradition is credited to a Nanti- 
coke convert who was with Zeisberger, but it meets with that skepti- 
cism which has observed the uncertainty of Indian memory and how 
commonly Indian traditions die out. as for instance those southern 
tribes Avho retained no recollection whatever of De Soto's expedi- 
tion. In this connection also we are reminded of the Coshocton In- 


dian tradition related to John Heckewelder, the other Moravian mis- 
sionary here with Zeisberger. The Delawares, accounting for the 
sncient earthworks in this region, professed to him that their ances- 
tors once occupied the country, but as Justin W'insor. librarian of 
Harvard University, said, it has been suspected that the worthy mis- 
sionary was imposed upon. 

The long rows of graves of the pygmy race at Coshocton were 
regularly arranged with heads to the west, a circumstance which has 
given rise to the theory that these people were sun-worshippers, facing 
the daily approach of the sun god over the eastern hills. In this re- 
spect, however, there is no resemblance to the various positions of 
skeletons found in our mounds. Acceptance of the sun-worship sur- 
mise does not necessarily imply a deduction that this pygmy race may 
have descended from the river-people of Hindostan or Egypt. Prim- 
eval man, wherever found, seems to have been a sun-worshiper. 

The iron nails mentioned by Hildreth as found in this ancient 
cemetery take on added interest in view of the discovery in a mound 
near Cincinnati, reported by Frederick W. Putnam, curator of the 
Peabody Museum. Masses of meteoric iron were found on an altar, 
with bars of iron and other objects made from the metal. 

A statement appears in Graham's History of Coshocton County 
that a Moravian minister from Pennsylvania visited the ancient cem- 
etery here and remarked a custom among Moravians of burying the 
old in separate rows from the young. While this would explain the 
uniform smallness of some Moravian graves, it does not explain the 
absence from the missionaries' records of any considerable mortality 
among the younger or even for that matter the elder members of the 
Moravian mission. Moreover, the mission in this valley comprised 
but eight families, and they dwelt here only a few years. And finally, 
the Moravians themselves first spoke of the discovery here of the 
many pygmy graves. 

The plow has long since turned these acres of mystery into corn- 
fields, and obliterated this last vestige of a human population that 
once flourished within our borders. According to the view form- 
ulated from the missionary observations, unfortunately not accom- 
panied bv details covering excavations, this primitive people under- 
stood the use of the stone ax, the making of pottery, and the division 
of land areas into sc|uares. Nothing has been found to show whether 


it was their labor or tliat of others that erected the chain of earth- 
works within our county. The thousands of graves point only to 
the conclusion that the country around was the seat of a large popula- 
tion. The activities of that strange race which peopled the wilder- 
ness, the story of elemental life in the shadows of the forest and along 
the shores of the rivers, until the end in that valley of eternal rest, 
remains untold. 

Near the ancient cemetery is a small mound less than a quarter 
of a mile from the large one, on the Porteus farm. At one time this 
sand heap was eight feet high, with a base of thirty-five feet. A few 
years ago it was less than five feet in height, and the base had spread 
to fifty feet. The excavation by the State archaeologists in 1896 re- 
vealed seven skeletons of modern size and lying in various directions. 
Several arrowheads, many flint chips, and three bear teeth were 
found. Tt is recorded that Indians sometimes buried their dead in the 
monuments of their mysterious predecessors whom they held appar- 
ently in awe and reverence. The presence of flaked flints in mounds 
has also furnished the theory that the Moundbuilder knew the use of 
the arrowhead, and that the Indian learned it from him. 

The State survey of the large mound along the river road on 
the Porteus farm revealed charcoal traces, a few pottery fragments, 
flint chips, small bones, a trinket or ceremonial of lead, and a finely 
chipped spear-head six inches long. This was the extent of the dis- 
covery, "to our chagrin," as the archaeologist reports, "after exceed- 
ingly lalx)rious and dangerous excavation." The report states that 
no larger force of workmen was ever put on a mound in the Ohio 
Valley. "Sixteen men were employed day and night for four days 
in sinking a trench thirty-five feet wide and seventy feet long. The 
sides were loose and dangerous, and heavy bracing was necessary. 
No burials were discovered, although tunnels were run several yards 
on the base line in various directions. This was disappointing, espe- 
cially after the expenditure of a large sum of money. However, we 
learn again that it is not always the largest and most imposing mon- 
ument which contains the greatest treasure. Failure to find anything 
cannot be charged to imperfect or hasty examination — the whole 
center of the mound was exposed by the trench and tunnels for a dis- 
tance of thirty by twenty-five feet. As it was desirable to restore the 


monument to its former shape, we engag-ed ^Ir. Porteus to till our 

Composed entirely of earth and unstratified this mound suggests 
the question of how much the rains of ages may have reduced the 
height, possiblv from a towering structure to the present pile of 
twenty-three feet. There is also a query, in connection with mound 
excavating in general, as to whether or not the practice of digging 
to the present base line may be stopping short of discoveries farther 

The Porteus mound crowds the Muskingum bank so closely that 
the riverside drive has cut the side of the mound. It is one of the 
very few earthworks found on the fast of the river terraces to be re- 
claimed from the stream, suggesting that it was among the last con- 
structions of the jMoundbuilders. Whether intended as a monument 
in connection with the ancient cemetery it overlooks, or possibly as 
a signal station, is another Moundbuilder mystery. 

As to age, the trees growing upon mounds cannot carry esti- 
mates back much beyond six hundred years, while there is never ab- 
sent the uncertainty of prior growths, whether or not we assume as 
the scholarly Brinton does that the Moundbuilders planted trees on 
their earthworks. However, Judge M. F. Force, of Cincinnati, has 
pointed out the absence from mounds of any little hillocks indicating 
the uprooting of an older growth of trees, and the inference is drawn 
that the Moundbuilders flourished till about a thousand years ago. 

A sacrificial significance is attached to the charcoal traces of 
burnt w^ood or calcined ashes of bones found in our mounds, implying 
that a religion of fire-worship prevailed here in which human sacrifice 
and the burning of prisoners may not have been unknown. 

So far the attempts to disclose the ethnological relations of the 
Moundbuilders on cranial evidence lack sufificient data, and have also 
been embarrassed by inadequate care in distinguishing intrusive bur- 
ials of a later date. The wide divergence of views is shown in the 
theory of some connecting the Moundbuilders' skulls with the Pueb- 
los, and the contention of others for similarity to those of Mexico and 
Peru. A favorite view is that the Moundbuilders north of this region 
were long heads, with receding foreheads, and those south were short 
heads, with high foreheads and more brains. The southern Mound- 
builders, it is contended, were the most ingenious and industrious, 


and made the best implements and greatest earthworks, notably that 
huge effigy, the Serpent Mound; also Fort Ancient, the Alligator 
Mound, and the elaborate works at Newark. The theory continues 
that there was war between the north and south Moundbuilders, 
which would suggest that the opposing forces may have met on this 
middle ground in our county. But the whole theory is well 
summed up by Professor E. O. Randall, secretary of the Ohio State 
Archaeological and Historical Society, when he terms it "largely skull 
speculation and fanciful imagination." The professor, commenting 
on the burials of these people, observes the evidence therein that "they 
had their great chiefs or 'big men,' and the extent and character of 
their "buildings' certainly prove that they understood organization 
and subordination in their social system ; that there were 'bosses' in 
those prehistoric days who directed and controlled the workmen. 
They may not have been troubled with the question of combined cap- 
ital, but they surely wrestled with the great question of labor." 

A skull pierced in the crown was found in the mound on Frank 
Maxwell's land up the Walhonding three miles from Coshocton. This 
recalls the pierced skull reported in the ancient cemetery. The 
Maxwell mound is described as five feet high and sixty feet 
in diameter, and located on the second terrace two hundred 
yards from the river. The State survey removed about all the 
area originally covered by the mound, and found ten skeletons, 
some well preserved. Previous digging had disturbed two skeletons 
in the center, cutting one at the hips, and destroying all of another 
save the skull. In the eight years since the prior excavation, the 
bodies near the opening had decayed more than those farther away. 
All the skeletons were extended upon the base line and lay in various 
directions. Pottery, arrowheads, and a bone smoothed and sharpened 
at the edge were found in addition to the skull with the hole in the 

The report of field work by the State Archaeological Society in 
1896 speaks of Walhonding as built over several mounds and a vil- 
lage site, and refers to mounds north on the Johnson farm and the 
Workman farm. Human teeth were found near the center of the 
Johnson mound. A few feet lower and on the base line were traces 
of burnt earth and charcoal. There were a few broken arrowheads 
and one whole specimen scattered through the soil, and near the teeth 



a cone-shaped stone. The mound measured nine feet in heigiit and 
sixty-nine feet across the base. 

The smaller Workman movmd contri])uted more to the State 
museum. From a five-foot height the plow had worn it down to two 
feet, barely high enough to trace its outline. Near the bones of a 
deer was found a stone tube. Resting on slight traces of bone and 
with edges overlapping was a layer of sixty-seven arrowheads of 
clear quartz, or chalcedony, all more leaf-shaped than the usual arrow- 
head. Xear these was a pocket of chips that apparently were struck 
off in flaking the implements. This is the only burial of the kind re- 
corded in this country. 

On Colonel Pren Aletham's farm a few miles away in Jeiterson 
Township is a deposit of chalcedony, and it is presumed that this 
quarrv furnished the material for the ancient implements found in 
the Workman mound. On the ^Nletham hill were found battered- 
looking rocks, presumably carried up from the river to be hurled 
against the wall of flint. Likely under the blows of such primitive 
sledge-hammers the fragments flew. Heaps of flint chips marked 
the spot as the workshop of the professional arrowmaker. Xicked 
stones lay among the chips, left by the workers who returned no 
more. In a sandstone crevice near the Colonel's house was found a 
cache of flints, some finely finished, and at the spring a fragment of 
ancient pottery and a layer of broken sandstone. Similar layers in the 
earth have been noticed elsewhere in the county, always adjacent to 

Fifty-four years ago a stone mound was opened on a hilltop near 
the Colonel's house. A rock pile, eighteen feet square and five feet 
deep, composed of sandstone layers, was removed, revealing a sepul- 
chre floored with a large, flat sandstone, and walled with sandstone 
slabs. On the floor lay part of a skull, a thigh bone, teeth and a few 
other fragments of a skeleton. The thigh bone indicated the dead to 
have been of unusual heig'ht, more than seven feet. In addition to a 
few flint darts several stone pendants were found in the sepulchre. 
These "plum bob" or shuttle shaped stones recall those found in Sci- 
oto Valley earthworks which have been variously regarded as cere- 
monial, or ornamental, or mayhap used as charm stones, or as weights 
to keep the thread taut in weaving. 


Crowning a hilltop on the Darling farm across the river, a cres- 
cent-shaped wall of stone attracted attention in the early days as the 
work of ancient people. The wall, breast-high, extended thirty feet. 
It was built of large flat stones. 

At best we have but a meagre record of ruins in this region, 
ruins found under circumstances which seemingly assign to them 
very remote antiquity belonging not only to a moundbuilding period 
but to a stone age also. It is much regretted that more information 
has not come to us from early observers of earthworks and stone- 
works which afterward perished under the march of agriculture. 
Something about plowing up ashes and charcoal would have added 
fully as much mound testimony as careful measurements of feet high 
and feet wide, and done archc-eologic science just as immeasureable 

In addition to the detailed report of Coshocton County mound 
exploration by the State, as mentioned herein, the survey tabulates 
half a hundred or so prehistoric earth and stone remains according 
to townships. Following is a revised exhibit: 





































1 1 

1 1 





















2 1 


The foregoing does not include several vanished earthworks re- 
ported years ago in various parts of the county. On the plains of 
Linton Township, at the cross roads half a mile southwest of Plain- 


field, there was once a square of several acres which, it is related, was 
enclosed by four embankments six feet high, now plowed down. There 
was an entrance at each corner. Several miles down Wills Creek 
there was a circle. About seventy years ago a small mound near 
Plainfield was opened by J. D. Workman, who found stone relics. 
Another mound two miles below was reported opened bv Weslev Pat- 
rick, who found a skull and thigh exceptionally large. 

Other vanished earthworks were mounds of \"irginia Township 
near the Muskingum; a circle in W'hite Eyes Township, breast-high 
and enclosing an acre on a bluff overlooking \Miite Eyes Creek, half 
a mile south of Chili. Stone axes and flints were reported found in 
this circle. West of Roscoe a dozen years ago, according to Andrew 
Fisher, surveyor, traces of a belt of red soil were still seen, thirtv feet 
wide, circling a hilltoj). The circle was three hundred feet in diam- 

Among the mounds plowed dow-n years ago was one in Oxford 
Township thirty feet wide. A circle enclosing three acres north of 
West Lafayette and several mounds of Lafayette Township were ob- 
literated bv the plow, one on the Shaw estate, one cut away by the 
railroad on the Ferguson farm, and another leveled on the Higbee 
place. Seventy years ago the river road in Franklin Township lev- 
eled a mound containing half a dozen skeletons arranged like the 
radii of a circle, with heads toward the center. 

In Coshocton, where Fourth and Locust streets cross, the finding 
of skeletons was associated with early reports regarding a motmd 
there, though later identified as an Indian burying ground. In Tiver- 
ton Township it is told there was a circle enclosing three acres, while 
excavation along the Walhonding Canal revealed scattered skeletons 
and sitting skeletons, ashes, stone axes, flint and pestles; and on a 
hilltop overlooking the ]\Iohican a stone wall, breast-high, extended 
one hundred and thirty-two feet. In Keene Township the stone was 
hauled awav from a hilltop stone mound, but the only record that sur- 
vives is the inevitable measurement of twelve feet across and three 
feet high. 

On Howard Miller's farm in Keene Township, a few miles from 
Coshocton, is a circle that has excited much interest in recent exam- 
ination of this county's ancient earthworks. Although cut down by 
the plow in earlier vears, its location in an orchard has somewhat 


preserved its outline. There is an opening in the circle, and the plow, 
usually the mound destroyer, was in this instance a discoverer; for 
it came upon a path of red stone leading from this opening in the 
circle down to the spring now used by the Avon kennels. 

The blood-red path has the appearance of burnt stone, according 
to some observers, but it is not unlike the red sandstone found else- 
where in the county. There have been no skeletons found in this 
circle to indicate the sepulchral function belonging to the burial 
mounds of this region, neither does its size classify this circle among 
our ancient works of military significance, nor can it be even faintly 
likened to an effig)' mound, of which none for that matter is recorded 
in this county. 

It is related that a "race-track" fad prevailed among some pio- 
neer settlers, and that here a ring may have been laid out, but the 
wild impossibility of putting speed into horses within this garden ring 
is equaled only by the desperate hopelessness of getting any speed 
out of them. On this farm in 1816 Nicholas Miller erected a mill 
which was burned, but no connection is shown between that and to- 
day's ruin. 

The layer of broken sandstone found in the earth here is similar 
to layers discovered near springs in New Castle Township and Jeffer- 
son Township. Whether or not the red path from the circle to the 
spring illustrates some rite or custom of the ancient people who dwelt 
here only the future archaeology may chronicle. 

A short distance from this circle, across the road, is a knob of 
earth standing in the valley like an island hill. On top is a chain of 
pits, variously associated with reported finding of mica, also with 
ancient smelting, and even an Indian tradition of gold. An explana- 
tion has been advanced that the uprooting of trees left these holes as 
well as several others on a nearby hillside, but in each place the num- 
ber of pits in such close proximity is submitted in contradiction of 
the tree belief. 

All the exploration of earthworks and stoneworks in our county 
has revealed no clue to the language which the Moundbuilders spoke 
— a mere mumbling perhaps, or such picturesque speech as the Indian 
'hat survives in our local nomenclature of Walhonding, Tuscarawas, 
Muskingum, Coshocton, Mohican, and so on. 


Much has been written by prominent supporters of the theory 
that Indians built the mounds, and this beHef has been strengthened 
by the conclusions reached by field workers of the Bureau of Ethnol- 
ogy. Cyrus Thomas maintains that the defensive enclosures are the 
work of Iroquois-Huron tribes, and he affirms that the habits of 
Moundbuilders correspond to historic habits of the Cherokees. Not- 
withstanding, evidence is still lacking that any Indians in this region 
ever possessed the military energy to construct the works here. 

There is the theory that the Moundbuilders were in some way 
connected with the Pueblo Indians, or the Aztecs, or the Peruvians, 
either coming from them or migrating south and erecting works 
there. This is questioned, however, by the wide dissimilarity between 
the mounds here and the works in southern lands. There is nothing 
about the ancient remains in our county that even remotely suggests 
the Pueblo clifif dwellings, or the majestic ruins of the Aztecs and 
Toltecs of Mexico, or the Inca temples of Peru. 

Inquiry into the origin of our Moundbuilders has led many into 
the Asiatic belief, although a people like the Chinese or Japanese who 
might have populated this land would presumably have left as charac- 
teristic records here as those w'hich stamp their own Orient. As for 
the much-discussed Chinese account of Buddhist priests discovering 
the strange land of Fusang, whatever part of America that may have 
or may not have been, we get nothing in that description to explain 
the ancestry of our Moundbuilders. 

The elaborate expositions of the belief that the American ab- 
origines were descendants of the lost tribes of Israel relate principally 
to linguistic resemblances between the Hebrew and the Indian, and 
this throws no light on the Moundbuilder question. While the Jew- 
ish migration theory is recognized in the Mormon bible, and even 
western mounds have been made to yield Hebrew inscriptions, this 
belief is not corroborated by collateral proofs from the mounds of 
Coshocton County. 

Similarly the theory has been advanced that our early inhab- 
itants came from Wales in view of reported traces of Welsh in the 
speech of the Tuscaroras and other Indians, and someone has pointed 
out that our mounds resemble mounds in Wales. However, with due 
regard to the discussions of the learned men in the seventeenth cen- 
tury and others since then, the opinion most generally accepted today 


is that the Welsh view, while possible, is by no means probable. We 
are reminded that nothing is slenderer than incautious linguistic 
inferences carried to fanciful extent by confident enthusiasm. 

Contentions that the mounds were built by Egyptians and by 
Finns and by the Irish and by descendants of the Canaanites expelled 
by Joshua show a tendency to a facility rather than felicity in pre- 
senting theories on the subject. In seeing a resemblance between 
our mounds and the ancient monumental architecture of Egypt and 
other lands there is danger of seeing overmuch. 

The attempt to prove by similarity of remains that our Mound- 
builders came from an early race in Europe, possibly the white- 
bearded men spoken of in Mexican tradition, is met by E. G. Squier's 
comment that the monumental resemblances referred to indicate sim- 
ilar conditions of life rather than ethnic connections. 

The historical verity of pre-Columbian visits to this land by Irish 
colonists or by Norsemen depends upon accepting as genuine chroni- 
cles the romantic sagas of unbridled fancy, the embellished stories of 
the fireside variously re-told for centuries by mouth and finally told on 
skin. The sagas l^ear the general character of popular traditions to 
such a degree that much more trustworthy evidence is needed in de- 
termining the origin of our Moundbuilders. 

As for considering him a distinct product of America, unrelated 
to the old world, this view is ably upheld by Louis Agassiz, but at- 
tacked both by theologians holding fast to orthodox interpretation of 
Genesis, and by evolutionists including Darwin. However, those 
holding the autochthonous view are at least on an equal footing with 
other theorists in the one particular that it is not safe for any of them 
to dogmatize. 

Out of the silence of centuries this primitive life came; into 
silence it has gone. What wonderful drama may have developed in 
these forest wilds, what weird scenes may have been enacted in 
strange worship of strange gods, what dreaded spirits were appeased 
by blazing fires, only these ruins and ashes remain to tell. And in 
them, too, rests the everyday story of this ancient life, its habits, in- 
dustries, arts, customs, migrations, and physical characterizations. 
It is assumed our Moundbuilders knew agriculture, and turned hunt- 
ers with the coming of game into these valleys. Their pottery is evi- 
dence that, while the potter's wheel mav have been unknown to them. 

HltSTOKY OF CasnoCTU.X Cor.XTY 27 

they at least understood some sort of mechanical process, giving a 
revolving motion to their clay. Their implements and ornaments 
disclose their art in stone, and by the same token illustrate their 
migrations and intertribal trafific. 

Theirs was a life of peace and war until the climax was reached 
and the tragedy culminated in devastation and ruin. After that, an 
appalling stillness with the fall of the curtain, to rise again on this 
stage where the tragedies of the red man awakened the forest echoes 
once more with terrifying voice. 




The red man's hour on this stage is traced in something more 
than his tlaked flints and stone implements. His real story lives in 
the notehooks of those missionaries and travelers who came to this 
region in the twilight of Indian power. It is these Coshocton records 
that are spread upon pages of American history. 

They give us an Indian picture that is part savage, part human, 
a glimpse of the primitive life in its real colors: the sensual dance; 
the fiendish scalp song, aw-oh, a\v-oh, in mockery of shrieking vic- 
tims: the warriors' chant, he-uh, he-uh, in the hideous war dance with 
brandishing tomahawks and s])ears; the ])ractical labor of the corn- 
field ; the feasting from kettles crusted with former banquets. It is no 
idealized myth of romance: only naked truth with a dash of dramatic 
interest in the scenes that marked the gradual retreat of the red men 
before the advancing hosts of whites. 

Of the half dozen Indian villages scattered through this wilder- 
ness in the eighteenth centurv the largest extended along the river- 
side, now ^^'ater Street. Coshocton. There were the typical surround- 
ings pictured in Longfellow's lines — 

Round about the Indian village 
Spread the meadows and the cornfields, 
And beyond them stood the forest. 

The brown hands of the s<|uaws and their daughters built the 
double row of huts and wigwams, wove the mats of grass upon which 
their lordly braves reclined, dressed the skins of deer and bufifalo, and 
toiled over the cornfields. To woman also fell the lot of "blessing" 
the corn after planting : and on a dark night when sleep hung over the 
village some "Laughing ^^'ater." unclad and unabashed, stole from 
her lodare to walk around the cornfield — 


No one but the Midnight only 
Saw her beauty in the darkness, 
No one but the Wawonaissa 
Heard the panting of her bosom ; 
Guskewau, the darkness, wrapped her 
Closely in his sacred mantle, 
So that none might see her beauty. 
So that none might boast, "I saw her !" 

And thus her footprints marked a charmed line over which neither 
insect nor worm was supposed to creep, thereby insuring a good crop 
— eloquent proof that in our ancient agriculture there was at least 
more poetry if less overalls than in our modern art. 

Madam of the Indian home led the busy life within the village 
while her lord and master went hunting and fishing. Nor did she 
complain ; rather was it her pride to labor thus for him who provided 
meat and clothed her in fur by the chase, and defended their home 
against their enemies. 

So she went on devotedly pounding the corn into flour, and baking 
the dough on ashes, and serving it for bread. She rose to banquet 
heights with a boiled dinner of corn, pumpkins, beans, chestnuts and 
meat, sweetened with maple sugar, and all cooked together in one 
pot, with its deposits and incrustations from previous banquets. There 
was one merciful feature about it: they had only two meals a day. 
The menu was varied with fish, game, potatoes, cabbage, turnips, 
cucumbers, squash, melons, roots, fruits and berries — not bad for 
light housekeeping with one pot. 

Madam's accomplishments did not stop there. With thread from 
the rind of the wild hemp and nettles she wove the feathers of turkeys 
and geese into blankets. She also made blankets of beaver and coon 
skin, and shirts and petticoats, leggings and moccasins of deer and 
bear skin, the fur being worn next to the body in winter, and outside 
in summer. Sometimes the fur was scraped ofif with rib bones of the 
elk and bufifalo. 

So in the peaceful days the Indian life lolled along: some easy 
tramping over mossy trails, some drifting in canoes, some village 
handiwork, and much squatting around on blankets, with the ever- 
present pipe of uppowoc, the while many voices filled the camp ; for 


among themselves the Indians were talkative enough. And theirs 
was a niarvelously picturesque talk, a language of nature, of the for- 
est, the clouds, the sun, the moon, the water. If talking of swiftness 
their word for it was the deer ; strength to them was symbolized by 
the bear; fury they likened unto the wind; and thus throughout a 
vocabulary of wonderful expressiveness. 

They were polite in their way, not offering to speak until another 
had finished. They gave few compliments and fewer titles of honor. 
Some war exploit or some eminent wisdom raised a brave to the place 
of chief, with his own town, his hunting and fishing grounds. 

Great respect was shown to age. Children were disciplined by 
ducking. Of sickness and its treatment among the Indians in this 
region little has been recorded. When death came to a chief's wife 
the moans and cries of the women filled the village. The dead was 
painted with vermillion. In the head of the coffin was a hole for her 
soul to pass out to the kingdom of Ponemah. At the grave they en- 
treated her to rise and stay with the living. A red pole was erected as 
a monument. For three weeks a kettle of food was carried every 
evening to the grave. 

The painting practice was always in evidence. Wives painted 
themselves with vermillion, the scarlet women deeply scarlet. ]\len. 
after plucking whiskers with tweezers of shells, put in hours painting" 
the face, breast and legs for a night frolic. 

In courtship the girl usually made the advances, although the 
man was not always lacking in that particular. This was seen in their 
courtship dance. It started with some one shaking a gourd or dry 
shell of a squash in which pebbles rattled a sort of measured beat, 
and the dancing line of painted braves and the dancing line of painted 
belles smilingly advanced to amorous meeting, singing, 

"Ya ne no boo wa ne" — 
much like our fa sol la. with a deal of Indian coquetry, while the 
dancers stooped until their heads touched, then straightened with a 
wild "Lulliloo!" and retreated to do it all over again and again, for 
hours of passionate abandonment. Through the singing, as their 
heads touched, they exchanged what confidences they pleased, and 
the stooping maid who smiled "yes" over her coaxing suitor's two 
fingers, suggestively placed together to look like one, completed all 
there was to the marriage ceremony. 


Nor had they any feehng of something horribly illegal some- 
where. No doubt they considered it vastly fine, a ceremony that held 
just as thoroughly as the "long as ye both shall live" from the altar 
rails centuries later, with the bridesmaids giggling behind, and "The 
Voice that breathed o'er Eden" lifting the roof ofif, as Kipling says. 

And about as fatally easy as Indian marriage was Indian separa- 
tion. The trial marriage was their cult. If dissatisfied they simply 
looked around for a new mate and let the other go. 

This is told in the journal of Christopher Gist, the friend whom 
George Washington sent to look into Coshocton lands. As the In- 
dians danced into matrimony, so they danced out of it — then into it 
again. It was made the occasion of a regular feast. For three days, 
from early breakfast they danced till evening, feasted, then danced 
into the night. The men danced while the women watchfully judged; 
then the women in their turn danced around the fires, as many as three 
score of them, moving in the figure 8, singing defiance to their former 
husbands and chanting their intention to choose what man they 
pleased. And the prospective benedicts critically observed the graces 
in the dancing line that passed before them in this Indian world of 
beauty and fashion. 

In the evening of the third day the men, a hundred in all, danced 
in a long string, sometimes in the figure 8, around the whole place, 
and in and out of the council house. The squaws stood in line for a 
final scrutinv of the matrimonial eligibles dancing bv. When some 
favored one came along, she who preferred him glided in and joined 
in the step, talking hold of the man's blanket, and continuing in the 
dance until the rest of the waiting charmers made their choice, and 
the dance ended. Thus a new assortment of marriages was made, if 
not in heaven, at least in Indian style. 

Into this primitive life in the cycle of time came the first paleface, 
a trader from the Allegheny frontier to which the white settlements 
of the East had already extended. His packhorse was loaded with 
metal kettles, knives, hatchets, blankets, firearms, ribbons, beads, 
spangles, and "fire water." These were welcomed by the natives, 
while the trader returned East with a precious load of fur. 

He came again. Other traders came. Some were Eng'lish; 
others were French, w^ho by friendly temperament and tolerant pol- 
icy, fraternized the more easily with the natives. The rivalry between 


Frenchmen and Englishmen for the Indian fur trade was an incident 
in the chronic hostility between France and England. The tempting 
and fluctuating ofifers for pelts made by the traders started dissen- 
sions which were the first mutterings of the stormy years to come 
when the English were to fight the French and Indians for the land. 

The French would threaten the Indians with the loss of their 
favor if they continued trading with the English. \\'hen Christopher 
Gist was sent to check the French scheme, he complained strongly 
that some traders and their British convict attendants were demoral- 
ized and demoralizing. Of a different sort, however, was the English 
officer, George Croghan, acting as messenger and interpreter in con- 
stant travels through the wilderness to win the savages to the English 

Croghan was early on the scene in this region. He was espe- 
cially qualified for the dangerous diplomacy of the day. He exerted 
personal influence over the Indian mind, won their confidence by fair 
and generous treatment, by hospitality, by assimilating with their 
habits even in dress, and by mastering Indian oratory. In this Eng- 
lishman the red men saw none of the customary contemptuous 

Croghan had the English colors flying from the house of the In- 
dian chief as well as from his own when on that December day, 1750, 
Christopher Gist arrived here. The surveyor represented the newly- 
formed Ohio Company organized by a dozen \'irginians, including 
George Washington. They had a grant from the King of England 
for half a million acres along the Ohio. The King had acquired pos- 
session under a deed obtained by Pennsylvania, Virginia and Mary- 
land from some Iroquois chiefs for all the land beyond the mountains 
— one of those characteristic deeds which for terms that were dark 
and tricks that were vain showed the heathen mind as somewhat 
peculiar. The Indian idea of a deed was not a surrender of territory, 
but an agreement to occupy jointly with the white man. 

But to go on with Gist and Croghan: The Friday of the sur- 
vevor's arrival in Coshocton he found that, notwithstanding the Eng- 
lish flag hoisted on the chief's house, the several hundred Indians 
of the village w-ere divided in their preference, some siding with the 
English, some with the French. 

Several English traders had been seized by Frenchmen as tres- 


passers and taken to Canada as prisoners. Croghan dispatched run- 
ners to warn English traders in towns farther down the Mus- 
kingum, and to summon them to a meeting in Coshocton. The 
Indians talked of holding a general council. 

Two English traders appeared and reported that ten others had 
been captured by forty Frenchmen and half as many Indians; that 
the English captives along with their horses and loads of fur were 
taken to a French fort near Lake Erie. 

The week passed in Coshocton with Gist "talking much of a 
regulation of trade" and his business with the Indians. On Christ- 
mas day he intended to read prayers. A few whites, disinclined and 
of various persuasions, refused to attend, though urged to do so by 
Thomas Burney, a blacksmith. Several Indians came, invited by 
Andrew Montour, a noted guide whose mother was the attractive 
wife of an Indian chief in the East. The red men of Coshocton, 
hearkening to Gist, seemed impressed with the white man's religious 
belief, his explanation of the Christian marriage, and baptism of 
children. And, the chronicle quaintly continues, they said they would 
never desire to return to the French, or sutler them to come near; 
for they loved the English, but had seen little religion among them. 

This Christmas there was an incident vividly calculated to em- 
phasize the need for missionary work. A squaw, long held as a 
prisoner, had escaped, been retaken, and submitted to the typically 
refined cruelty of these red savages. They turned her loose and when 
she started running for her life she was pursued and struck down 
with a blow on the head and an arrow that pierced her to the heart. 
Her scalp was thrown into the river, and then her head cut off. As 
that seemed about as far as heathen hatred could go, Barney Curran, 
a trader who later was with George Washington, obtained from the 
sullen savages their permission to give the dead a decent burial, 
which he, his men, and — be it recorded — some Indians, did as dark- 
ness mercifully blotted out a day of horror. 

Nothing was recorded for a while in Gist's journal. Then ap- 
peared this significant entry: 

"Saturday, Jan. 12. — Proposed a council; postponed; Indians 

The noble red men apparently survived the effects of French 
brandy and British rum; for a couple days later a meeting is finally 


recorded. Little remains to us descriptive of the picturesque assem- 
bly in the council house of Coshocton, and that little is in Gist's note- 
book. He says Croghan and ]\Iontour as interpreters presented four 
strings of wampum to the chief and council, and informed them that 
their father had sent under the care of their brother, the governor of 
Virginia, a large present of goods now landed safe in Virginia, and 
that the governor had sent Gist to invite them to come and see him 
and partake of their father's charity to all his children. 

A chief laid aside his pipe and slowly rising drew himself erect 
with the dignity that was purely Indian. He said they thanked their 
brother, the governor of Virginia, for his care, and Gist for bringing 
the news, but that they could not give an answer until they had a 
general council of the several Indian nations next Spring. The chief 
and council shook hands with Gist, and the next day the sur\-eyor went 
five miles to a small town on the ^^'alhonding, which is Indian for 
\\'hite Woman. 1480935 

There Gist met the white woman. She was the squaw of Eagle 
Feather, and mother of several children. She remembered her name 
as Mary Harris, and that she was stolen from her home in New Eng- 
land by Indians when she was little. So much had she become a 
part of Indian life that nothing of her civilized childhood remained 
save a recollection that man in New England seemed religious, while 
out here she wondered at the wickedness of white men that she saw 
in these woods. 

Her wanderings had been those of the tribe of Custaloga, re- 
treating before white frontiersmen until they found new hunting 
grounds here. She would follow Eagle Feather to bufifalo, elk and 
bear hunts, and when he went off with a war party she mixed his 
paint and laid it on and plumed him, and put up dried venison and 
parched corn for his journey. As one narrative relates, she was 
especially careful to polish with soapstone Eagle Feather's little 
hatchet, admonishing him not to return without some good long- 
haired scalps for wigwam parlor ornaments. 

In after years it is told that Eagle Feather returned from afar 
one day, bringing with him another white woman, the "newcomer," 
as the jealous Mary named her. In the night the sleeping Eagle 
Feather was tomahawked. Mary screamed the newcomer did it, and 
the newcomer filed, with warriors in hot pursuit. Miles away they 


overtook her and tomahawked her, and the scene of the tragedy has 
been memoriaHzed in the name of Newcomerstown to this day. Mary 
Harris took the trail to Sandusky and was heard from no more. 

There is a legend of the Walhonding, the tradition of White 
Woman Rock, and the heroine of it may have been some captive 
maiden among the hundreds of eastern prisoners in the hands of sav- 
ages passing through this region on their way to the West. Held in 
a red beast's arms the struggling beauty suddenly broke from him 
and flew like an arrow through the forest, tearing through thickets, 
and leaping over fallen timber, the yelping pursuer fast gaining upon 
her. Just before her through the trees she saw the river. An in- 
stant she hesitated. Better death in the water than a living death 
in horrible captivity. She could hear him coming nearer. If she 
could only find a hiding place! She did not want to die. There, 
looming high on the river's edge, her frantic eyes sighted a huge 
rock. Its great wall seemed to beckon her to safety. With all her 
remaining strength she drew herself from ledge to ledge to the top- 
most height, and lay there prone, panting, trembling, exhausted. 
The protecting arm of a tree spread its foliage overhead. Beneath 
flowed the silent river. A stillness suddenly hung over everything. 
The listening girl, straining to hear the least sound, fearful lest she 
might be tracked to her refuge, held her hand to her breast to still 
the wild beating of her heart. Silently the moccasined feet drew 
nearer, stealthily they crept toward the rock, and the painted face 
looking upward saw the quarry only partly concealed by the over- 
hanging branches. He dashed up with a yell. Hunter and hunted 
faced each other for a terrible instant, the prayer froze on her lips, 
and then before his outstretched hand could seize her she threw her- 
self from the brink into the waters that closed over her forever. 

But we left Gist on his tour of this region to locate the best 
lands and pave the way toward establishing his company's claims to 
them by following the line of least resistance on the part of the red 
occupants. From the White Woman his tour extended southward 
to the Ohio. His eflfort to get lands for the Ohio Company aroused 
the French, and thus his trip through these Coshocton valleys was a 
forerunner of the war that a few years later lost France her principal 
possessions in America — the whole Ohio and Mississippi wilderness 
that she had claimed a hundred years since La Salle's explorations; 


aye, in all the years since these forest wilds of "New France" were 
roamed over by the Jesuit priests, winning Indians to their faith. 

The Ohio Company's claim to this region rested on a deed from 
the Iroquois, but Gist found other Indians here to reckon with — the 
Delawares, once the powerful tribe of Wa-be-nugh-ka that had dwelt 
on the shores of the Delaware and welcomed ^^'illiam Penn to the 
new world. For that hospitality to the white man the Delawares 
were to suffer at the hands of their red brothers. \\'hile Penn 
breathed grateful prayer at sight of the Delawares burying the 
hatchet, and while the peace belt was scarcely laid across the 
shoulders of the peacemakers, the Iroquois warriors sneered at the 
Delawares, contemptuously called them "women," and tomahawks 
became red with Delaware ])l(X)d. The sight of shij)s I)ringing in 
more and more white men, premonitions of the coming of the Great 
Spirit, distracted the Delawares from wreaking vengeance on the 
Iroquois. The haughty Iroquois posed as the superior nation, and 
the Atlantic colonies believed. The Delawares were forbidden by 
the Iroquois to sell land. Soured and embittered against their con- 
querors the Delawares left their old hunting grounds and drifted 
westward through the wilderness until they came here. 

Even then, deep down in some of those savage hearts, there was 
likely a growing bitterness toward the English whose colonies were 
overrunning hunting grounds from the coast to the Alleghenies, a 
bitterness masked by stolid, impassive countenance in the council at 
Coshocton as they listened to Gist talk of presents from the white 
brother in Virginia — presents of the white man who wanted their 

Something like suspicion in their mind is indicated in the play 
for time when they told Gist there would be no answer until a gen- 
eral council in the Spring. They held this as their land. The chiefs 
had in their possession documents and vouchers in writing, and 
strings and belts of wampum, of all transactions that had taken place 
between their ancestors and the government of Pennsylvania from, 
the time of William Penn. Once a year had they met in the forest 
to refresh their memories and to instruct the most promising of their 
young men in memorizing those records. There would be no sur- 
render of this land without a struggle. And the struggle came with 
the outbreak of the smouldering fire of hatred toward the English 


colonists that claimed this land by virtue of cession from the Iroquois 
who on their part had gained it by conquest. The Delawares and the 
neighboring Shawanees, having at last recuperated their courage and 
vigor, denied that the hated Iroquois had any right by conquest or 
otherwise to deed the land to the English. 

So in the end the Delawares joined the tribes that allied with 
the French in the fight against the English. The prize at stake was 
the continent, but little the savages at first knew how hopeless to 
them was the war of the white men whose conflicting schemes, jeal- 
ousies, intrigues, passions and religious hatreds of the old world 
burned in the wilderness warfare of the new. For the red men it 
was to be but a question of under which king. 

Through the Indian world in this forest wild the music of the 
war dance beat like a muffled drum, the weird "he-uh, he-uh" of 
chanting savages timed to the tatto of the drum-stick. The warriors 
crouched a few paces, straightened with a hideous yell, stretched 
their tomahawks towards Virginia, shrieked their hate again, the 
lust of blood in their painted faces, then wheeled and danced back. 

One at a time, with brandishing tomahawk, howled and writhed 
through his war song to the weird chant of the others — "He-uh, 
he-uh." As the warrior ended his song he crashed his tomahawk 
into a post, shouted his war exploits and what he would now do, 
while the rest howled approval. When they filed away, trailing be- 
hind the leader, his traveling song came faintly to the listening 
squaws, maids and old men long after the breecli-clouted figures had 
disappeared in the forest— 

"Hoo kaw tainte heegana ! Hoo kaw tainte heegana!" 




From the raids and midnight attacks on settlers' log cabins along 
the Virginia, Pennsylvania and Kentucky border the murderous sav- 
ages brought back to these valleys the scalps of English colonists by 
scores. The crude sign of fagots or the hatchet pictured on each 
reeking scalp grimly told the victim's death at the stake or by the 

Sometimes the Indians lost, and the home-coming of the baffled, 
flying remnant brought only howls and lamentations from the squaws 
and old men. Then again a successful war party, heralded in advance 
by runners, would be greeted with yelping joy for its rich plunder, 
scalps and prisoners. 

In the orgies that followed it is curious to note how the squaws 
were the most hideous in their demonstrations, their taunts, and their 
tormentings of the prisoners. The victims one by one were forced 
to run the gauntlet between lines of yelping fiends who stoned them, 
tripped them, clubbed them, and tomahawked them. 

Sometimes a mere caprice decided that a prisoner be spared for 
adoption. There was a young man eighteen years old captured in 
Braddock's defeat in 1755 near Pittsburg. He was brought to the 
Indian village of Tulhillas, where today stands the town of Walhond- 
ing. this county, and here the Delawares and the Mohicans adopted 
him. Colonel James Smith was the prisoner, and his account is de- 
scribed as most graphic and picturesque by Dr. George E. Ellis, 
president of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

The day after his arrival in the Indian town on the A\'alhonding, 
young Smith's thoughts as to what his captors meant to do with him 
were soon answered. From the group of savages that gathered 
round the prisoner who was bound hand and foot, one came forward 
and began to pull the hair out of the captive's head. 


"He frequently dipped his fingers in ashes on a piece of bark, 
in order to take a firmer hold," said the colonel. Only a tuft was 
left on his crown, and a lock which they wrapped with a narrow 
beaded garter, and another that they plaited. They bored his nose 
and ears to insert jewels. He was ordered to strip and put on a 
breechclout. They painted his head, face and body, hung a wampum 
belt on his neck, circled his arm and wrists with silver bands, and 
an old chief led him toward the village center, hallooing: 

"Coo wee, coo wee, coo wee." 

The populace poured out of wigwams and crowded around the 
chief, who, holding the captive by the hand, delivered a long speech. 

Three Indian maids led the young man into the river, waist 

"They made signs for me to plunge myself," he related, "but 
thinking these young ladies wanted to drown me I did not. All three 
grasped me, and I opposed them, while the multitude on the bank 
roared." One of the struggling, almost breathless creatures holding 
him protested with earnest eyes, "No hurt you," and the captive 
gracefully surrendered to their washing and rubbing "to remove the 
white blood from his veins." They led him dripping to the council 
house, where ruffled shirt, ribboned and beaded leggings, moccasins 
and beaded garters awaited him. Again his head and face were 
painted. A bunch of red feathers fastened to his crown with a lock 
that was spared completed his Indian make-up. They seated him on 
a bear rug, gave him a tomahawk, a pipe and pouch of tobacco with 
punk, flint and steel. 

"The Indians came in," continues the narrative, "all dressed and 
painted grandly, and sat in long, profound silence, smoking. The 
chief finally welcomed me in a speech as one of them. At the even- 
ing feast they gave me a bowl and wooden spoon which I carried 
with me to large brass kettles full of boiled venison and green corn. 
The chief made a short speech, and all ate. One chief was Tecanya- 
terighto or Pluggy, another Asallecoa or Mohawk Solomon." 

The young man shared the life of the tribe for five years be- 
fore he reached his home in Pennsylvania, and when we hear of him 
again it is as guide to Colonel Bouquet's expedition to Coshocton. 
Afterward Smith was colonel in the Revolution, and subsequently a 
member of the Kentucky legislature. 


The treaty which closed the French and Indian war was a paper 
agreement on the other side of the ocean. France surrendered to 
Britain the territory here, but in this wilderness the French, still 
holding their posts, inflamed the Indians more than ever against 
the English. The French always were the more liberal with whisky 
and powder. 

So war parties of Delawares and Shawanees from this region 
continued ravaging the Virginia and Pennsylvania border settle- 
ments. These tribes were active agents in the Pontiac conspiracy to 
annihilate the whites. Colonel Henry Bouquet drove back the tribes 
in a fight of two days and nights at Bushy Run in western Pennsyl- 
vania, and the next year pushed on to Coshocton with the first Eng- 
lish military expedition to this region. It was a resolute stroke to 
overawe the Indians at this central point, a campaign which has 
made this region famous in the Indian history of the United States. 

The sight which met the startled eyes of natives crouching in 
forest shadows was well calculated to strike consternation. \A'hite 
men fairly swarmed into the heart of this wilderness — so many that 
they did not move singly over the narrow trail in "Indian file," but 
marched two and four abreast, the path widened for the cavalcade by 
companies of axemen that hacked away the bordering thickets and 
undergrowth and overhanging branches of trees. 

As far as the eye could reach it was an unbroken column of 
English fighters with death-dealing firearms aslant their shoulders. 
First came the scouting parties and a corps of Virginia volunteers, 
followed bv the axe companies, guarded by companies of light infan- 
try. Following a column of Highlanders came the corps of reserve 
and the second battalion of Pennsylvania militia; then the officers, 
several women, and the long train of pack-horses and the longer 
droves of bawling cattle and bleating sheep, with a company of light 
horse following. Altogether Bouquet's force was fifteen hundred 

Indians began coming to Bouquet, offering excuses for recent 
border massacres, as usual blaming their young men as the hot- 
tempered, impetuous ones, and abjectly suing for peace, promising 
to deliver white prisoners. Bouquet insisted upon deliveries, not 
promises, and pushed on. Nearing Coshocton the caravan detoured 
from the Tuscarawas valley in order, apparently, to avoid an Indian 


ambuscade along the river, and marched past what is now Ragers- 
ville in Tuscarawas County, down the valley past Fiat in Bucks 
Township, and down White Eyes Creek to south of Chili, in Coshoc- 
ton County. Bouquet's journal, from this point, runs as follows: 

"Thursday, Oct. 25, 1764 — Marched six and a half miles to 
camp in the forks of the Muskingum, as the most central place to 
receive the prisoners, the principal Indian towns lying around there 
from seven to twenty miles distant. Four redoubts were built here 
opposite the four angles of the camp. Ground in front cleared, pro- 
vision storehouse erected, council house built." 

The colonel's journal does not go into particulars regarding 
highland location of his camp, but his specific record that it was "in" 
the forks of the Muskingum has directed observation to the nearby 
Johnson hill, rising above the Basin in the forks to a height which 
commands today a magnificent view of the three valleys, a scenic 
panorama that is among the most beautiful pictures in all Ohio. To 
the south extends for miles the broad valley of the Muskingum. 
Eastward the eye looks upon the vast distance of the Tuscarawas, 
and westward is the far-reaching vista of the Walhonding. Thick 
timber growth in early days would have obstructed the view from 
this hilltop, but its military value as a strategic point is easily recog- 
nized. It is stated that traces of earthwork fortification could still 
be seen here by pioneer settlers, and that a spring at the foot of the 
hill on the eastern side supplied water enough for a camp. 

Camp Bouquet rising like a tented city in the wilderness, with a 
population of nearly two thousand, well protected and well supplied, 
struck dismay to the hearts of the red men. They counciled anxiously 
among themselves around their campfire on the banks of the 

One went as messenger from Chief Custaloga to inform Bouquet 
that the chief would soon deliver prisoners. The colonel fixed the 
time, and stared stonily at the red hand held out to him. 

"The English," he said coolly, "never take the enemy by the 
hand before peace." 

The eyes blazed in the copper skin as the savage stalked away. 
Then he remembered Bushy Run and this fighter. Subdued and awed 
he went back dully enough to his people. 


So steadily did Bouquet adhere to his purpose of having every 
prisoner deHvered without ransom before entering upon a truce that 
he even refused to talk with the Delaware chiefs, Custaloga and 
Beaver, while a single captive remained among them. Within a fort- 
night they had brought in all theirs except a dozen, as indicated by 
twelve small sticks. These they promised to bring within a few days. 

The man whose decision and courage compelled the delivery of 
two hundred and six prisoners was also absolute in his demand for 
all captives, young or old, whom the Indians avowed had been adopted 
or married among the tribes. The delivery of these captives was a 
most dramatic scene, a startling manifestation of white people strug- 
gling against a return to civilization. They clung to their Indian 
friends, repelling the relatives who had come with Bouquet to rescue 
them. Y'oung women would not give up their Indian husbands. 
Little ones, remembering nothing of parents and home, drew back 
from anguished mothers and fathers, and held to their red friends 
who wept over them. It was necessary to bind some captives hand 
and foot. 

There were still a hundred prisoners that the sullen and haughty 
Shawanees had not delivered. The excuse was that they were with 
chiefs absent on distant hunts. Forty Shawanese warriors counciled 
with Bouquet in the presence of Delaware, Seneca and Caughnawaga 
chiefs and sixty warriors. Red Hawk spoke for the Shawanees. A 
translation follows: 

"Brother, listen to us, your younger brother. W'e see something 
in your eyes that looks like dissatisfaction with us. We now w-ipe 
away everything bad between us that you may clearly see." 

Bouquet's steady gaze fixed itself upon the speaker who went on 
with the same mixture of fierce pride and humble submission, while 
the hundred warriors squatting on the floor regarded them both 

"You have heard many bad stories of us," Red Hawk continued. 
"W'e clean your ears that you may hear. We remove everything bad 
from your heart that it may be like the heart of your ancestors w^hen 
they thought of nothing but good." 

As he spoke Red Hawk held out to Bouquet a string of wampum. 
Near him from the peace pipe the smoke of the calumet floated away 
in a gauze-like film. The speaker was still talking: 


"Brother, when we saw you coming this road you advanced to- 
ward us with tomahawk in hand; but we, your younger brothers, 
take it out of your hands and throw it up to the Great Spirit to dis- 
pose of as he pleases, by which we hope never to see it more." 

As the buried hatchet of previous peace compacts had been dug 
up again it is hkely Red Hawk's variation of the figure on this occa- 
sion was to signify a lasting treaty. 

"And now, brother," he finished, extending the string of wam- 
pum toward Bouquet, "we beg that you who are a warrior will take 
hold of this chain of friendship, and receive it from us, who are also 
warriors, and let us think no more of war, in pity to our old men, 
women and children." 

It was better so. Outside the chill November blast warned 
Bouquet against winter hardship in the wilderness. The Shawanees 
had promised to bring the rest of their prisoners to Fort Pitt in the 
Spring, the Delawares, Senecas and Caughnawagas added their ex- 
hortations to the Shawanees to keep faith, and Bouquet took with 
him Shawanese warriors to hold as hostages. November i8 he broke 
camp and left the forks of the Muskingum to return to Fort Pitt. 

In the years that followed there was no white man disturbing 
the Indian life of this region until the first faint mutterings of the 
Revolution were borne to the red man's ears. The question rose 
whether the Indian would stand neutral or fight for the British. In 
1775, the year of the shot fired at Lexington that was heard round 
the world, the Colonial Congress sent commissioners to Pittsburg to 
explain to Indian chiefs convened there the dispute between the British 
and the Americans, and to enlist the Indians on the colonists' side. 

There were Delaware chiefs from this region who hearkened to 
the tax-burdened colonies' grievance told them in this parable: 

"Suppose a father had a little son whom he loved and indulged 
while young, but growing up to be a youth began to think of having 
some help from him ; and making up a small pack he bade him carry 
it for him. The boy cheerfully takes this pack up. As the boy grows 
stronger the father makes the pack larger. A hard-hearted adviser 
tells the father to make the pack heavier still, and the son says, 
'Lighten the pack; I am unable to carry this load.' The father threat- 
ens to beat him. The son has no other choice than striking back to 
learn who is the stronger." 


Delaware chiefs in the name of their nation declared they would 
remain neutral in the contest between "parent and son." One who 
particularly urged that the hatchet be not lifted against the colonists 
was the mighty and courageous White Eyes. 

A haughty Seneca hinted that the Iroquois, the Six Nations, 
would talk for the Delawares who "had no will of their own." Slung 
by the sneer. White Eyes rose, while a hush fell on the assembly. The 
insult stirred every drop of fighting blood in him. He was facing 
the Seneca. 

"You say that you had conquered me, that you had cut off my 
legs, had put a petticoat on me, giving me a hoe and corn pounder in 
my hands saying: 'Now, woman, plant and hoe corn and pound it for 
bread for us men and warriors.' " The chief's face was like a thunder 
cloud, his eyes blazing lightning, both arms raised. "Look at my 
legs! If as you say you had cut them off they have grown again! 
The petticoat I have thrown away. The corn hoe and pounder I have 
exchanged for these firearms, and I declare that I am a man!" He 
waved his hand to the west: "And all the country on the other side 
of the Allegheny is mine!" 

Such defiance of the Irociuois by a Delaware was never heard be- 
fore in an Indian council. The speech was followed by a division in 
the Delaware nation. That scheming, crafty chief of the Wolf tribe, 
Captain Pipe, who craved power, poisoned some Delaware minds 
with the lie that White Eyes was plotting with the colonists to enslave 
young Indians and enrich himself. Captain Pipe, as cheerful a liar 
as a modern captain of politics, sneaked about this country with his 
lie, and when he quit attending councils at the forks, conducted his 
lying campaign from his village, the present Walhonding. 

Hostile Delawares from here joined Shawanees, Wyandots and 
Senecas in murdering and robbing settlers along the Ohio. The rela- 
tions of Logan, the Mingo chief, were killed, and savages wreaked 
swift vengeance. The war of Lord Dunmore and the Virginians 
began against the Indians. William Robinson was captured by 
Logan. The chief formed a liking for his young prisoner. Three 
times murderous savages tied the captive to a stake, but no time was 
the fire lighted: for Logan, protesting with a power and vigor of 
speech that foamed the sides of his mouth, had his way, and finally 
placed the wampum belt on Robinson as the token of adoption. 


Robinson was led captive through here in 1774, little dreaming 
then that twenty-seven years later he would return to make this his 
home. The Mingoes took him to their town up the Tuscarawas. In 
a few days Logan asked him to write a message which was tied to a 
war club and left to be found with the body of a murdered settler near 
the Ohio. The message was addressed to Captain Cresap, and voiced 
the feelings of Logan with the eloquence which breathed through his 
celebrated speech later to Dunmore that has been characterized as 
challenging whole orations of Demosthenes and Cicero: 

"What did you kill my people on Yellow Creek for? The white 
people killed my kin at Conestoga a great while ago, and I thought 
nothing of that. But you killed my kin again on Yellow Creek, and 
took my cousin prisoner. Then I thought I must kill too. And I 
have been three times to war since. But the Indians are not angry; 
only myself." 

Months afterward Robinson reached his Virginia home. 

Meanwhile Netawatwes, as the head of the Turtle tribe of Dela- 
wares. abandoned his capital on the Stillwater and with such of his 
people as remained faithful to him he established the new Delaware 
capital at Coshocton, or Cush-og-wenk as the Indians called it, Gos- 
hochking as the missionary Heckewelder spelled it, and Goschachgunk 
according to De Schweinetz. 

Netawatwes and his grandson, Killbuck, hater of whisky, were 
like White Eyes in their friendship for the colonists and their efforts 
to keep the Indians ofif the war path. Apparently years of carnage 
had wearied these three. They were drawn to the religion of the 

Back in the days on the Allegheny Netawatwes had heard David 
Zeisberger, the Moravian missionary. The chief liked the pious Ger- 
man's preaching so well that he granted him the land on the Mus- 
kingum for a mission. Hither Zeisberger came in 1776 with eight 
families, thirty-five souls in all, including the Rev. John Heckewelder. 
Two miles south of Coshocton they laid out a town along the river, 
in the form of a cross with a chapel in the center, and called it Lichte- 
nau, "The Pasture of Light." 

Here Netawatwes and Killbuck and a few more Indians came to 
listen to the gospel of Peace, while off in the forest the smouldering 
fire of hate burned yet in savage breasts. The missionaries had need 


for caution in all things. Heckewelder hid his papers to prevent In- 
dians seeing him write; for there was the ever-present suspicion that 
the white man's writing meant the taking of the land. 

The British were whispering in the ears of such willing listeners 
as Captain Pipe that the colonists were land thieves who would steal 
all the Indian had. Against this insidious attack the missionary Zeis- 
berger labored hard and desperately for peace. 

The day came that a Wyandot warrior arrived in Coshocton bear- 
ing a message from the British governor of Detroit. The message 
was a hatchet wrapped in a l^elt of red and white beads. An_\- tribe 
refusing" to accept it would suffer as an enemy. This was the ulti- 
matum of the British governor conveyed by the Wyandot. 

The reds that were squatted in the Coshocton council house 
smoked in silence. Then Cornstalk rose, noble and commanding. The 
celebrated Shawanese chief had not long since come from Chillicothe. 
He said in brief that, while all the Shawanese nation had accepted the 
hatchet, his tribe had settled at Coshocton in peace, and he advised 
the Delawares to hold fast to the colonists' chain of friendship. 

Three times the Wyandot offered the war belt to the Delawares, 
and thrice they refused it. Again it was proffered; and to rid them- 
selves of the insistent Wyandot they accepted it at last. He had 
hardly disappeared in the forest, however, when a Delaware messen- 
ger left Coshocton on the Sandusky trail to take back the belt. 
The messenger was White Eyes. 

The British governor at Detroit scowled when the war belt was 
handed back to him. Then White Eyes took from his pouch a peace 
belt which he offered to the governor. The Briton in a rage slashed 
the belt with his sword. The pieces fell at White Ej^es' feet. Sorrow- 
fully the Indian came back to Coshocton. 

Squads of hostile warriors began coming down the ^Mohican and 
the Walhonding in canoes, and hurrying over the eastern trails to 
scourge the settlements. Word came that Wyandots were on their 
way to destroy the Moravian mission at Coshocton, and carry to De- 
troit the scalps of White Eyes, Killbuck and Zeisberger. The ]\Iun- 
sey chief, Newalike, had hastened from Sandusky to this region, 
stealthilv keeping out of sight of hostile warriors and brought the 


Worse still the deviltry of renegades was afoot. The disap- 
pointed Simon Girty, unable to get a captain's commission in the col- 
onial service, with Elliott and McKee, deserters of the American 
cause, had come from Fort Pitt to Coshocton, followed by a score of 
other deserters, and these spread terror here with an infamous lie. 
Washington, they said, had been killed, his army routed, and the col- 
onists, thirsting for revenge, were on their way to massacre the In- 

It was the bloodthirsty Captain Pipe's opportunity. There was 
demoralization among the Delawares. Even converts at Lichtenau 
were wavering. 

He called the Delawares to the council house. Addressing them 
with all the fiery eloquence of his impassioned oratory the fighting 
chief swayed them to his will. Some were even moved to tears. 

In this imminent crisis White Eyes rose to reply, to make one 
last supreme effort to stay his people from the madness of war. What 
a battle of orators that was in the wilderness, a mighty plea of peace 
against the blood lust of war ! White Eyes denounced the stories of 
the renegades as lies and the renegades as liars. Time was all he 
asked, time to expose the lie. Only a few days, ten at the most, and if 
word did not come showing those renegades were liars he would him- 
self go to war with his nation. 

His eloquence stayed them — l)Ut only for the ten days, while the 
warriors of Coshocton and the whole country round sharpened their 
tomahawks and overhauled their guns. 

Fort Pitt heard of the threatened uprising. There was no time 
to be lost. Heckewelder, who had been away from Lichtenau and 
gone east a short time, was on his way back. At Fort Pitt they told 
him of the crisis in Coshocton. General Hand gave him peace mes- 
sages and letters to take at once to the Delawares. Though jaded and 
worn, Heckewelder flung himself on his horse and was ofif, followed 
by an attendant. 

It was midnight of the second day when their foam-flecked horses 
galloped into Gnadenhutten. There they learned the ten days had all 
but expired. Only a night remained. Again they mounted and 
dashed through the night in the race against time. 

The morning sun reddened the eastern hills as Heckewelder 
neared the end of his wild ride. When he galloped into Coshocton 


and reined in his steaming horse, the warriors who faced him were 
painted and ready for the warpath. 

None touched the hand that he held out — none of his old friends 
of Lichtenau, not even White Eyes, standing grimly by with folded 

Heckewelder, bareheaded, the wind blowing his hair, stood in 
the stirrups, holding the peace letters on high. 

"Washington lives!" His voice swept over the town. "The 
Americans have taken Burgoyne and his British army! The Amer- 
icans are your friends." 

With a flash of the old friendly spirit White Eyes took the hand 
he had refused a moment before. There was an immediate paw-waw 
to accept the peace message. The war paint came off. There was 
no sign of Captain Pipe or the renegades. They had vanished the 
moment the truth arrived to confront their lies. Pipe and his Mun- 
sey band took the Sanduskv trail, later to war against colonists for 
British pay. 

The renegade Girty prowled about Coshocton. He had heard of 
a British price put on the capture of Zeisberger. Girty plotted with 
eight murderous Mingoes. The plot was overheard by a friend of 
the missionary. Zeisberger with two guards started from I^ichtenau 
for the Schoenbrunn mission up the Tuscarawas. 

They had gone about seven miles when Girty and his Mingoes 
leaped at them in the forest. 

"That's the man! Get him!" yelled Girty, then stopped with a 
smothered oath. 

Two Delaware hunters had suddenly sprung into view, their 
guns leveled at Girty and his l^and. The Mingoes, startled and cowed, 
fled panic-stricken, followed by Girty. 

The missionary reached Schoenbrunn. Later his associate, Heck- 
ewelder, and other workers with Indian converts left Lichtenau to 
the hostile Wyandots and Mingoes, and went up the Tuscarawas. So 
ended the three years' life of the only Moravian mission in Coshocton 
County. Netawatwes, its first red friend, lived to see the "Pasture of 
Light" abandoned to heathenism. 

White Eyes at Fort Pitt enlisted in the colonial armv. The cham- 
pion of peace had resolved at last to go on the warpath as the only 


effective means of compelling peace. On General Lachlan Mcintosh's 
march from Fort Pitt to this region White Eyes died from smallpox. 
He had guided the white men here to crush those warriors who still 
gave willing ear to Captain Pipe's bloody intrigues. 

Pipe, at Sandusky, heard of White Eyes' death. 

"White Eyes," moralized Pipe, "was a great man. But his ways 
meant the country's ruin, so the Great Spirit took him, in order that 
the Indian nations might be saved." 

While Pipe in Coshocton history figures mostly as a bad Indian, 
there was another side of him seen in- Detroit when Zeisberger, Heck- 
ewelder and other missionaries were taken there to be tried on the 
charge of befriending colonists and opposing the British. Their ac- 
cusers were Pipe and other Indians. Some of these had once known 
the Christian kindness and good will of the missionaries, and the mem- 
ory of those days came back as the red men gazed into their old friends' 
faces. Mute and dejected, the Indians hung their heads. 

The British governor became impatient. Again he demanded, 
were the stories against these men true? There was no answer. At 
last Pipe spoke. He exonerated the missionaries, and took the blame 
on himself. The men were acquitted. They owed it to their Indian 
friends; for it was true that the missionaries sympathized with the 
Americans. Colonel Brodhead had written to General Washington 
and General Gates that news of British movements at Detroit reached 
him through Indian friends of the missionaries, including Joshua the 
Mohican spy. 

Colonel Daniel Brodhead conducted the colonial military expedi- 
tion to Coshocton from Fort Pitt, arriving here April 19, 1781. His 
force of three hundred took the Delaware capital by surprise. Only 
two score Indians were found here, and these were captured without 
a shot. Fifteen of the prisoners were taken out of sight of terrified 
squaws and children, and tomahawked and scalped. 

Other Indians had gone across the river and could not be fol- 
lowed because of high water. In the morning an Indian on the oppo- 
site shore hallooed to join his people in peace. They told him to come, 
and as the anxious brave drew himself up the bank he saw too late 
that relentless foe of his race, Lewis Wetzel. In an instant Wetzel 
crashed his tomahawk through the Indian's skull. 


When Brodhead turned back to Pittsburg naught but dreary 
waste was left of Coshocton, a few desolate huts, the ruins of the Del- 
aware seat of empire, deserted forever by the red man. 

There was desolation throughout this region. Wolves, bears and 
panthers roamed the lone wilderness. The fruit trees, blooming in 
the spring, told of the missionary planters who had passed this way. 
The wild beasts and hissing snakes were the only life save an occa- 
sional raiding warrior hurrying along the river trail with reeking 

Although Cornwallis had surrendered at Yorktown the British 
were yet bent upon gaining the upper hand by inciting the Indians 
to further ravages of Ohio settlers. The march of colonization had 
crossed the Alleghanies ; settlers' cabins began dotting the Tuscarawas 
Valley; and soon civilization flung its outpost at Coshocton. The 
prized hunting grounds of the red men were fast slipping away. 

Captain Pipe, Black Hoof, Red Hawk, Little Turtle, Blue Jacket 
and other chiefs rushed through on fleet horses, blood-stained hatch- 
ets in hand, to hold tomahawk title to the land. 

Virginia ceded the Ohio territory to the United States in 1784, 
and the next year there was a treaty with the Delawares and Wyan- 
dots moving the Indian boundary from the Ohio River farther back 
into the wilderness to Coshocton along the Tuscarawas and the 
Cuyahoga. This surrender of the Ohio River boundary brought a 
warwhoop from the Shawanees who protested they were cheated and 
defrauded out of the Muskingum Valley. The Muskingum, which 
means Moose-Eye, was the favorite elk hunting ground. Oft through 
the snows of winter had the Shawanees tracked the swift-footed 
moose, and followed his roaring rush through the forest. 

The upshot was that all the Indians renewed their border war- 
fare. Settlers built block houses and surrounded their cabins with the 
picket stockade, tree trunks set close together and rising fourteen 
feet high. 

After the rout of General St. Clair in Darke County, 1791, the 
Delawares rushed down from the black forest, yelling the warwhoop 
along the Mohican and Walhonding and past Coshocton, breech- 
clouted and with buffalo heads drawn over their own, giving them the 
appearance of horned devils, with the scalps of slaughtered soldiers 
dangling at their heels. As the red demons urged their horses on- 


ward to the South, they shook their stained hatchets at arm's length, 
screaming, "No white man plant corn in Ohio!" 

But "Mad Anthony" Wayne was yet to be heard from. In the 
last desperate struggle of the red men to resist him in the Miami 
country the Delawares were in the forefront, Girty with them, and 
British aid in the background. In the end the Indians were driven 
still farther westward, forced to retreat more and more. They had 
made their last stand here. These hunting grounds were lost to them 




In the evening of the Indian life in this region the horseman rid- 
ing over the lone trail through the woods watched with gun in hand 
to guard against attack from wild beast or lurking savage skulking be- 
hind trees; for Indians were slow to go when new traders and settlers 
and travelers began arriving. Some natives with human heart and 
human emotion could not bring themselves to leave forever the graves 
of those they mourned. Others simply were not yet disposed to aban- 
don their old hunting ground. 

In this contact with savagery the vanguard of civilization had 
need for men of forceful character, of daring and resolution, with a 
dash of adventure. This frontier, with all its wealth of timbered soil, 
still had its perils; a frontier life near hostile Indians; a hardy, well- 
scarred, pioneer life under stern conditions ; not, however, without its 
fascination of forest haunt and rough cabin, and dread of savage at- 

Dr. Joseph Doddridge vividly pictured it. Speaking of "Indian 
summer," for instance, he assigned to those beautiful days in autumn 
a terrible significance instead of the romantic suggestion conveyed by 
the term. The frontier settlers, explained the doctor, had no peace 
from Indian alarms and attacks except in winter. During spring and 
summer there was constant need for watching. It was only with win- 
ter's approach that relief came. But after the first days of cold there 
came warm, smoky, hazy weather to tempt the Indians to renewed 
incursions on the frontier — an "Indian summer" for blood and mis- 

Foremost among the frontiersmen and recorded as the first white 


settler in what is now Coshocton County was the bluff, hearty, hail- 
fellow-well-met Charley Williams, roving from Virginia and locating 
here in 1799. The date is from his autobiographical sketch, the orig- 
inal manuscript of which passed into the possession of Joseph Miser 
of Keene. Mr. Williams' writing and his private ideas of spelling 
were deciphered by Mr. James R. Johnston. The document by Mr. 
Williams is dated August 25, 1831, and his notation therein regarding 
thirty-two years" residence in Coshocton would indicate his arrival 
here in 1799. This incident of the date has its bearing on a subsequent 
historical experience of a French king in Coshocton. 

"I ben a man of strong mind but no larnen and fought it to the 
last," Williams declared with engaging frankness. According to his 
own account early life on the border was a round of "injin" killing, 
whisk}- trading, fur-selling, and high living, dancing, card-playing, 
horse-racing and spending money as fast as it was made. Speaking 
of his fiancee. Miss Susanna Carpenter, he wrote: 

"I had to steel hur a way and wee was poor enable to get lisens 
for want of mony but all Cam right thar was a jestes of the pes in 
virginy and hee agread to mary mee for a buckskin and wee went over 
the river in Ohio thar wee got niared on a big rock in the woodes." 
The narrative continues that some of the wedding guests went bare- 
footed, and that at the dance afterward "som bar footed." 

When at thirty-five Williams came up the Muskingum with his 
wife and two children, they camped for a season in an open spot in the 
wilderness, named after its eastern owner, Denman's prairie, a few 
miles up the Walhonding. The following year they came down to the 
forks, selecting the same bank of the Muskingum where the Delaware 
capital had stood. Williams started a salt works. 

Other settlers were coming. The woodman's ax rang through 
the forest. Log cabins rose in little clearings here and there over this 
region. The bear-killing, deer-killing, pone-eating life of the white 
man had begun, mixed with much corn planting, cattle raising, whisky 
trading, and some Indian killing. 

For travelers passing this way there were tavern accommoda- 
tions in the rambling log cabin of Charley Williams, under whose hos- 
pitable roof the lively-spirited made merry over cup and song, while 
the dancing few shuftled over the rough floor to the tremulous strains 
of the fiddle and 


"First couple right; ladies swing out; 
Gents swing in, swing out and promenade. 
Doe, doe. gents, slow; 
Doe, ce, ladies, don't you know!" 

Shulfle-shuffle went the feet. The back-woodsmen put in all their 
fancy steps, Charley A\'illiams most frolicsome of all. The pace was 
hot. The skirts of the ])inneer (laughters swished through the air to 
the vibrant music and 

"Balance the next: three hands round; 
Ladies swing out ; and gents swing in ; 
Three hands out and go it ag'in ; 
Gents swing out and go it ag'in." 

In the breathing spell one night while the "gents" smiled and 
breathed hard and the ladies looked moist and happy the tavern door 
was flung open. All eyes turned to the stranger on the threshold. 

He was dressed in black from head to foot. A fold of his long 
cloak was held back ])v the gaunileted hand resting on his hip. Though 
he had but one attendant the man in black wore an air of consequence 
as though he boasted a train of courtly followers. His manner jarred 
on the democratic simplicty of the landlord. 

"Supper," the stranger ordered curtly. 

While the guest was served, the landlord's aversion, formed in- 
stinctively, did not diminish. Nor was the dislike one-sided. The 
stranger, haughtily disdaining any condescension to commonplace 
conversation, steadfastly held aloof. But soon his caustic comment 
on the accommodations of the tavern reached AA'illiams, and the blood 
of the southerner rose. There was a short, sharp exchange of hot 
words. The man in black rose abruptly, nearly overturning the table. 

"Plebian!" he sneered. "I'll not bandy words with you." 

"This is my house." bristled Williams. "If you don't like it thar's 
the door." 

The stranger looked him over, head to foot, and shrugged liis 

"Bah!" was his only comment. 

AMlliams came closer. 


"I don't care what devilish trash you are," and the knuckles of 
his fist whitened. "I'll not be attacked by every stinkin' upstart that 
comes to our country!" 

The onlookers were expectant. The stranger rested his con- 
temptuous gaze on the landlord, then shifted it to the guests as he 
announced coolly: 

"I am Louis Philippe — the heir to the French throne." 

Whatever of surprise the exiled prince of singular vicissitudes 
mav have expected to follow his announcement there was one hearer 
who refused to be nonplussed or impressed. 

"King of France — what of it?" Williams retorted. "W'e're all 
kings here! And I'll show you." 

\\'ith that he threw open the door. There was no mistaking the 
hint. The royal visitor from France saw there was no alternative. 
With another shrug he passed out of the tavern. It is even said, in 
the brief chronicle from which this account has been somewhat embel- 
lished, that the royal exit was assisted by the toe of "King Charley's" 
boot, while the sovereigns looking on cheered. 

There has been some skepticism over the visit of Louis Philippe 
to Coshocton. It is known that the prince sailed from New York for 
England just before 1800, the year which some have recorded as the 
date of Charley Williams' arrival in this region. Flowever, accepting 
the earlier date of 1799 as the year of "King Charley's" coming, it 
requires no stretch of the imagination to view his tavern in full blast 
on the banks of the Muskingum at the time of the titled Frenchman's 
travels through the American wilderness. 

Whether or not the prince's Coshocton experience with demo- 
cratic sovereignty instilled any of those ideas of advanced political 
liberalism which he afterward took with him to the throne is perhaps 
open to speculation. But that the king cherished some resentment 
toward the keeper of a tavern at the forks was told in after years by 
George W. Silliman, one-time lawyer of Coshocton, who went abroad 
as the bearer of dispatches when his grandfather. Major Cass, was 
in the diplomatic service. Silliman said that, in conversation with 
Louis Philippe, the king recalled that he had been "shabbily treated" 
at the tavern which from the description given was believed to be 
W'illiams' inn at Coshocton. 


No more picturesque stage setting presents itself in all the drama 
of pioneer Coshocton than the inns which greeted travelers in those 
early years. It was not long until houses of public entertainment ap- 
peared every few miles along the new highways and at river ferries. 
One was "The Blue Ball" on the Cadiz road in what is now Oxford 
Township. Another in that direction held forth at the sign of George 
A^'ashington on a white charger. "The Black Horse" inn was in 
Franklin Township on the road from Zanesville. There were several 
on the road along the W'alhonding. 

"King Charley's" tavern at the forks was the social and political 
center, and the nearest approach to a newspaper. Genial, whole-souled 
Charley Williams was popular, even more so after the episode of the 
French king. Conscious always of his own deficiencies he learned 
what reading and writing he could from William Whitten. This 
blacksmith-tutor was elected the first justice of the peace. The elec- 
tion was characteristic. The settlement here had risen to the need of 
some government. A dozen men met in the tavern at "King Char- 
ley's" invitation. Nobody could buy. It was the "king's" treat. They 
toasted him and severally toasted one another. When all were in a 
highly receptive mood for the consideration of candidates the bos: 
nominated his choice and the guests whooped unanimous approval. 

"You call that an election!" exclaimed Richard Fowler, who had 
been looking on. 

"It's good enough for them," grinned Williams. 

This region was originally included in W'ashington County, 
which embraced eastern Ohio in the territorial days. Later Wash- 
ington was divided into numerous counties. One was Muskingum 
which included this. 

April I, 1811, Coshocton County was organized by the Legisla- 
ture then in session at Zanesville. It included a part of what is now 
Holmes until that county organized thirteen years afterward. 

Concerning the meaning of the name Coshocton this interesting 
contribution is offered by Thomas H. Johnson, chief consulting engi- 
neer of the Pennsylvania Lines: In the Delaware tongue "Cush" is 
bear: "Cush-og" black bear and "Wenk" is town. In Central Penn- 
sylvania the word survives in the names of several streams in the fol- 
lowing forms : Cush Creek, Bear Creek : Cushian Creek, Culi Creek : 
Cush-Cushian, Bear and Cub Creek. The terminal "Wenk" was An- 


glicized by the early settlers, and the place became known as Cush-og- 
town, from which is derived the later form, Coshocton. 

The United States government awarded tracts of land in Ohio 
to soldiers of the Revolution. Some tracts remaining were ordered 
sold by Congress. Coshocton County was in the military land district. 
Among the earliest settlers were soldiers of the Revolution. 

Title to the land here is traced back three hundred years, through 
copies of the earliest documents on record, by Solomon Mercer, ab- 
stractor, whose desk incidentally with a separate drawer for each town- 
ship is a map of Coshocton County. Mr. Mercer's records covering this 
county begin with the first charter of Virginia, 1606, and continue 
through the treaty between Great Britain and the United States, 1783, 
with George Ill's relinquishment of all claims to the States; the ces- 
sion from Virginia to the United States, 1784; the Land Ordinance; 
the act of Congress, 1796, regulating the granting of land for military 
service and for the Society of the United Brethren "for propagating 
the gospel among the heathen." 

Four thousand acres at the forks were granted in 1800 to Elijah 
Backus of Marietta. President John Adams signed the deed. Backus 
sold the tract in 1801 to those well-known surveyors, John Matthews 
and Ebenezer Buckingham, Jr., for $10,000. These early residents, 30, 1802, laid out on paper the town lots and streets for the 
place growing around "King Charley's" tavern. They named it Tus- 
carawa. The Legislature changed the name to Coshocton, January 
30, 181 1, when the plan of the town was established. 

Williams' tavern stood in what is now Water Street, at the north- 
east corner of Chestnut. It faced the river, its friendly light guid- 
ing the ferryman in the night. In time a two-story frame addition 
was built to the log house, and the long, rambling structure was still 
standing until twenty years ago. 

Williams was accompanied here by his brothers-in-law, the Car- 
penters, and V^illiam and Samuel Morrison who went to Holmes 
County. A brother of Williams was also early on the ground, along 
with Isaac and Henry Hoagland, with their families: Buckingham's 
father and sister ; William Scritchfield and daughter who married 
George McCullough, probably the first pioneer w^edding here. 

Primitive Coshocton started bravely to justify the faith of its 
founders. Back in Philadelphia at the time of the military land rush 


when PZlijah Backus drew this i)rize the surveyors bought it from him 
as the best town site in the district. 

A flourishing town rose on this flourishing frontier, instinct with 
the spirit of Americanism, the new hfe chaUenging the old, the new 
land of men and women Avho could dare and do, the new Coshocton 
with no Yesterday, only Today and the promise of Tomorrow. The 
game of civilization was on. The optimism of the hour rang from 
the anvil and blazed from the iron under every swing of x'Vsher Hart's 
strong arm. It echoed in Tom Evans' shoe shop, Zebedee Baker's 
saddler shop, Abe Sells' furniture shop, and Joe Xeft"s tailor shop. It 
bustled in Jim Calder's store, hummed in J. Fulton's mill, and smelled 
to high heaven in Andy Lybarger's tannery. It paraded in Wilson 
McGowan's gold-headed cane and pig-tailed wig, and rustled in the 
law papers of Aaron Church and \\'right Warner. It quick-stepped 
in Adam Johnston, that hustler of them all, the storekeeper and post- 
master who married "King Charley's" daughter, became the county's 
first recorder and clerk of courts, and served as all-round oflicial ; his 
son, William A. Johnston, saw marvelous changes in eighty-five years 
until the end in 1908; his grandson, Paul B. Johnston, is lieutenant 
of police in Coshocton. 

A thing unknown today was early Coshocton's experience with 
a malarial condition. There was an ague epidemic, and half the town 
had chills and fever. Wherefore the arrival of Dr. Samuel Lee in 
181 1 was welcomed. 

The country round began changing from howling wilderness to 
cultivated acres. The story of first families w-as the story of log-cabin 
life. Amorg those near town were the Cantwells, Fultons, Moores, 
J. \\'orkman, and the ferrymen John Noble and Benjamin Fry. Be- 
fore them Isaac and Henry Evans, Charles and Esaias Baker were 
the first white men to plant corn along the Tuscarawas about 1801, 
at what is now Orange. Seth and Thomas McClain were in Lafayette 
Township, 1804, also Thomas Wiggins, and in 1806 George Miller. 

On what is now the Haight farm near Roscoe, Henry Miller, a 
soldier of the Revolution, located with six sons in 1806. 

In nearby Franklin Township was a dash of the Virginia spirit 
which radiated southern hospitality and good cheer. That was in the 
home of Alai'or W^illiam Robinson, who had been led captive through 
here bv Logan twentv-seven years before, ^^^^en he came to Franklin 


Township in 1801 his son Benjamin accompanied him. Later came 
three other sons and six daughters. More 1801 pioneers in the neigh- 
borhood were Michael Miller and his family. 

On Denman's "prairie" in Bethlehem Township were James Craig 
and Ira Kimberly in 1801. John Bantham, a Marylander in the Rev- 
olution, and Henry Carr reached that section in 1806. Other early 
settlers were William Speaks w^ho served in the Revolution, Samuel 
Rea and Andrew \^"ilson in the War of 181 2, Joseph Burrell and 
Adam Markley. 

Virginia's representation among first families included the Dar- 
lings in the Walhonding Valley. 1806, whose neighbors were the But- 
lers, the Merediths, the Giffens, Duncans, Elys, Pigmans, Johns,^ 
Coxes and John Elder. 

Tw^o Virginians, Garrett Moore and James Oglesby, were early 
in Keene Township, preceding the New Englanders. East of Canal 
Lewisville was the home of the McGuires. 

Along Wills Creek in 1806 were the Miskimens, the ]\IcCunes of 
Revolutionary stock, and the Addys, contemporaneous with the Oxford 
Township pioneers: the Wolfes, the Leighningers, the Waggoners, 
Mulvains and Loos family. 

About the same time the McCoys, Wrights, Norrises and Tiltons 
were in Virginia Township ; the Ashcrafts, Hardestys, Chalfants and 
Croys in the southwest ; and the Drapers of Virginia in the northwest. 

Early in the nineteenth century the Wolfords, the Haines and 
James families arrived in Bedford Township ; while in Adams Town- 
ship, then a part of Oxford, were Robert Corbit, William Norris, Rob- 
ert McFarland and John Baker, founder of Bakersville. 

But it means pages to name the county's early settlers, so else- 
where between these covers the ancestral roll has a place of its own. 
They were the earliest of the wilderness conquerors, men in a world 
of new-found freedom. Theirs was the fighting chance: the chains 
of British bondage had been broken; here as freemen they were to 
prove themselves empire-builders in the heart of the forest, by sheer 
strength of might. 

The militant spirit found vent in militia organization. Very soon 
after their arrival they formed companies. Colonel Charles Williams 
was in command. In 1809 there were first and second battalions of 
the second regiment, fourth brigade, third division of the Ohio militia. 


\\'hen these were on parade we may well believe all Coshocton and his 
Wife and his Danghter were there to see and admire the lines "For- 
ward right— Onick ^lARCH— Oblique left— Halt— Dress!" and to 
applaud as the battalion wheeled, right-about faced, and charged the 
mimic enemy on the run. Of course, as there always has been in mil 
itarv drill and ever will be, thev had their awkward squads and the 
raw recruit who would stare straight ahead at a pretty face while a 
purple-faced conmiander shrieked "Eyes left!" Something of a de- 
spairing pang- that he never could master the intricacies of the back 
step, side step, change step, or support — AR^IS! runs through the 
statement of David A\'olgamot in the record: "I do herein- resign my 
commission as lieutenant because I am too big a fool in the military." 

Generallv speaking our early Ooshoctonian was a good shot, 
liked the dance, had his social glass, and relished sport. They went 
in for horse racing, and over a straightaway course, now Fifth Street, 
Peter Casey's "AMiistle Jacket" and "Highflyer" and Colonel Wil- 
liams' "]\ledley" made the dirt lly. 

The first court in the county was held in 1811 on the second tloor 
of "King Charley's" tavern. Doubtless, after the court had "taken 
in" evidence at the bar below, the judicial ascent up the outdoor stairs 
was attended with becoming gravity. By grace of the Legislature 
and the old constitution, three citizens served as associate judges on 
the common pleas bench in those days, along with the president judge 
who was the only one expected to know the law. He was absent the 
first session in Coshocton. The three associates were there — Peter 
Casey, Isaac Evans and AA'illiam Mitchell. Their commissions from 
the Legislature were there, bedizened with all the inipressive verbiage 
of legal ponderosity. Adam Johnston was there, and thev forthwith 
appointed him clerk. Notwithstanding all the machinerv of the law 
there, the temple of justice was without a case. Some one discovered 
the court could order elections for justices of the peace, which solenin 
duty was painstakingly performed, and court adjourned. 

Later that year, at the second term, the docket swelled with three 
cases. Two were dismissed. One was continued, proof that even in 
those times justice was initiated into the law's delavs. Thomas L. 
Rue was appointed temporary clerk. The first grand jurv was im- 
paneled as follows: James Tanner, foreman, James Craig, Benjamin 
Fry, Samuel Clark, Samuel Hardesty, John Flanson, Isaac Workman, 


Charles Miller, Michael Miller, Philip Waggoner, W. Miller, Francis 
McGuire, Henry Miller and John Mills. These fourteen men good 
and true reported "No business." Court appointed William Lockard 
county surveyor, and adjourned. 

At the December term there was a suit for $9.56 by Charles 
^¥illiams against Adam Markley. "King Charley" retained Zanes- 
ville counsel, Lewis Cass, who won the verdict of the county's first 
petit jury — John D. Moore, Frederick Wolford, William Beard, John 
Hanson, John G. Pigman, H. Ballentine, Philip Wolfe, George Smith, 
John Bantham, W. Miller, John McKearn and Elijah Moore. Court 
appointed Wright Warner prosecuting attorney for the county. 
Fights and slander suits were filling the docket. 

The whipping-post was here. Passing counterfeit money cost 
one man thirty-nine lashes across his bare back, besides $20 fine and 
thirty days in jail. This jail of oak logs was built by Adam Johnston 
where the present courthouse stands. Cornelius P. Van Kirk was 
the first sherifif. 

Whatever of religious observance there was in those first years 
little survived in the public memory and nothing at all in current 
chronicles, save that an occasional traveling minister gave a talk at 
a home meeting. "There was not a praying family in the town in 
1810," wrote the Rev. Mr. Calhoun. For a while after that, the 
Rev. Timothy Harris, a Congregationalist, held occasional meetings 
in people's cabins. 

The schoolmaster arrived early. Israel H. Baker taught in 
Franklin Township in 1806. About that time boys and girls up the 
W^alhonding were writing with a quill and spelling through a reader. 
Joseph Harris was teaching near the Evans settlement up the Tus- 
carawas. "King Charley" sent his daughter up there. She was a 
girl of dash and spirit who liked a swift gallop over the Indian trail 
through the forest. She knew the saddle before she was in her teens. 
It was her mission, before Coshocton had a mill, to ride six miles 
into the country for a sack of grain and take it to Zanesville. When 
Adam Johnston won her for his bride, her schoolmaster came here 
from the country to sharpen the quills and intellect of young Co- 

A benevolent joke wandered into town from the East one day, 
his head topped with a tin can, Happy Hooligan style, his eager desire 



to help humanity beaming large as the patch on his knee. As Happy 
would express it he "wouldn't hoit a fly." He carried apple seeds 
found around Pennsylvania cider jiresses, and planted them here and 
there along his route through the wilderness. He planted a nursery 
in New Castle Township and Tiverton Township, returning at inter- 
vals from long trips to care for the young trees and sell them to set- 
tlers. "Johnny Appleseed" they called him. But liack in the East 
he had been John Chapman, which was a time he wanted to forget 
along with a romance and a disappointment. 

And the pioneer life moved on, the new country in the making — 
a victorv of peace wrested from the forest bv stout hands that cracked 
and crinkled and brave hearts that knew no despair. Then a shadow 
darkened the cabin homes. Grave-faced men gathered at "King 
Charley's" tavern and counciled over news of war. 

Their old enemy's hand was raised against them. British in- 
trigues among the Indians to strangle the young republic and yoke 
it again to the king's dominion were aggravated by British searching 
of ships to capture American citizens. The war of 1S12 found vol- 
unteers in plenty from Coshocton County. 

At that day hostile Delawares and Shawanees had gone westward 
to the Maumee country where Tecumseh was inciting them to recover 
lands lost by the AA'avne treaty, but Harrison dealt them a finishing 
stroke in the battle of Tippecanoe on the W'aliash. 

A camp of Delawares and Aloha wks near [Mansfield was ordered 
to move. The Indians protested against leaving their home. Colonel 
Williams and his Coshocton troops were on their way to the front. 
An Indian was killed. A few days afterward eight settlers were 

"Johnny Appleseed" rushed from 3ilansfield down the \A'al- 
honding A'alley through Coshocton County to warn the settlers. The 
tin can fell off his head unheeded. A bareheaded, barefooted Paul 
Revere he was now, on a day and night run. He pounded on cabin 
doors, panting and almost breathless, calling out with gasping pauses 
between words, "Fly ! — Fly for your lives ! — Indians are murdering 
and scalping — at ^Mansfield!" Then away he dashed. Yet the inci- 
dent had its grotesque features, painfully serious as it was. Families 
fled precipitately from cabins to block-houses, peering cautiously 


around corners and waiting with leveled g'uns for the enemv that 
never came. 

Colonel Williams' command was detailed to protect the Mansfield 
t rentier. The "Washingtonian Yellow jacket Riflemen" the}' were 
called, and in their white-fringed, yellow hunting shirts, with knap- 
sacks and rifles slung over shoulders, and |)owder horns filled from 
the saltpetre caves near Roscoe, they marched to the music of fife and 
drum. Captain Isaac ^Meredith commanded a company. Captain 
Tanner another. Captain Beard a third, and the fourth mustered as 
follow.s — the only roll preserved: 




THOMAS FOSTER, First Sergeant 

JOHN M. MILLER, Second Sergeant 



JOHN H. MILLER, First Corporal 

ZEBEDEE BAKER, Second Corporal 

JOHN M. BANTHAM, Third Corporal 

JOHN D. MOORE, Fourth Corporal 














THOMAS L. RUE, Sutler 

DR. S. LEE, Mustering-in Surgeon 
Fragmentarv information regarding men who served from this 
county supplies the following names of 







At the outset a Coshocton County company had joined General 
Hull's forces that marched to defeat on the ]\Iaumee. Following 
Hull's surrender there to the British the Coshocton company was 
permitted to come home on parole. 

A company that Isaac Evans organized had reported to General 
Harrison, and worked on the construction of Fort Meigs on the 
Maumee. There in 1813 the Americans were attacked by the British 
and Indians, and the result added one more victory to the chain of 
victories on land and water which finally vanquished the British. The 
Coshocton companv at Fort ?^Ieigs had seen six months' service when 
it came home. Colonel ^^"illiams' command returned from [Mansfield 
after serving a month. Again the ax of the pioneer rang through 
the forest. 

In 1814 Colonel Williams was sent to the State Legislature from 
this county. To quote his original orthography: 'T was elected to 
lagater and my elexon was countested and sent hnm cam hom and 
was sent back." 


There were about three hundred voters, and most of them ever 
ready to argue poHtics. Colonel Williams fervently led the partisans 
of Jefferson and stoutly upheld the simplicity of the sage of Mon- 
ticello who preferred pantaloons to knee breeches, hated even the title 
of Mister, and was opposed to taxing whisky. The declining- Fed- 
eralist party, with its national leaders that stood aloof and made no 
attempt to gain the people's confidence, had its followers in Coshocton 
County who were of the elements that subsequently formed the Whig 
party. These congregated at a tavern conducted by the quietly per- 
suasive Wilson McGowan in Second Street, now the Farmers' Hotel. 
Here the talk was directed against the incipient doctrine of "State 
sovereignty," the thing which had l)een growing ever since men 
wanted each State to take care of its own war debt instead of being- 
called upon to help pay other States. The company in McGowan's 
ta\'ern listened approvingly to the argument that the colonies had not 
fought each for its own independence, but each for the independence 
of all, and that the sovereignty acquired in that struggle was a na- 
tional sovereignty raised by the common fight for liberty. 

Colonel Williams, well aware of his limitations in statecraft and 
speechmaking, maintained his political prestige by giving picnics and 
dances, a practice which has its modern counterpart in Tammany 
Hall clambakes and free outings provided by metropolitan politicians. 
The colonel by this time rejoiced in the affectionate designation of 
"Old" Charley \\'illiams, the usual mark of social esteem. 

At times there were political discussions in which the argument 
of the fist altered some face if it didn't cliange any opinion. Although 
dueling was never in fashion here there were numerous fistic meetings 
by agreement to settle dift'erences, or prove who was the "best" man 
by beating the other fellow to a palpitating pulp. 

Election day, 1816, was stained with murder. John Markley was 
stabbed to death in Coshocton by George Arnold, who escaped. 

After the war of 1812 the steady growth, which ever since has 
been a distinguishing feature of Coshocton, advanced the riverside 
hamlet to a fair-sized village. Abraham Wisecarver, hatter, was 
there. John Crowley, carpenter, came in 1815; for a while he ferried, 
and eight years later was elected sheriff'. John Darnes, carpenter, and 
Richard Stafford, wagon-maker and later justice of the peace, arrived 
from Virginia. Albert Torry, blacksmith, came from Maine. James 


Renfrew, Sr., started a new store here. Samuel Burns, hatter and 
justice of the peace, came from Philadelphia, 1816. ]\Iore newcomers 
included Otho and Daniel Cresap, Hezekiah Robinson, A\'illiam Car- 
hart, |ohn McCullough, Sanford Aladden, John Forrest, John 
Smeltzer, and members of the houses of Boyd, Gault, Thompson, 
Squires, Roderick, Slaughter, Xeldon, Borden, Luke, Heslip, Powel- 
son. Ravenscraft, W'inklepleck, ]\IcXabb, Lemert, ]\Iulford 

But why extend the list when the pioneer story of our county is 
the storv of all who came in the earliest decades of its first century ; 
and these are listed elsewhere as the honored grandsires in whose 
names their descendants today find ancestral pride — the colonists who 
blazed the path for civilization through this wilderness. 

Coshocton was yet the only town in the county, but in its early 
stage there was much the same color which after villages took on. 
There was Benjamin Ricketts' store in Second Street, nearly a hun- 
dred years ago, and the store of Robert Hav and James Renfrew, 
with the atmosphere of tobacco, groceries, powder, lead, crockery, 
scythes, china, tinware, chains, bridles, whips, hats, llints, knives, 
cambric, bombazet and iron. The goods came bv boat from Pittsburg 
down the Ohio and up the IMuskingum to Coshocton. 

Daybook and ledger accounts of Benjamin Ricketts have been 
preserved and are in the possession of W. S. Hutchinson, whose wife 
is a granddaughter of Coshocton's early storekeeper. From the books 
comes a story of prices. The farmer's wife bringing eggs to the store 
got eight cents a dozen, and for her butter twelve and a half cents a 
pound. She paid for coffee fifty cents a pound, sugar tweh'e and a 
half cents, calico fifty cents a vard, a paper of pins twentv-five cents. 
Tea cost two dollars a pound. 

AVheat in 1818 sold at seventy-five cents a bushel in this county, 
dropped to fifty cents in the next few years, and in 1S23 fell as low as 
thirt}' cents. At the same time corn went from thirty-three cents 
down to twenty. Oats was thirty-three a bushel. 

AAdiisky cost thirty-seven cents a gallon. One hundred cigars, 
thirty-seven and a half cents — the book calls them cigars. What local- 
tanned leather could do toward cheapening footwear is shown in the 
price of shoes, ranging from a dollar and a quarter to two dollars 
thirty-seven and a half cents a pair. 


Accounts were settled frequently in grain, maple sugar and live- 
stock. Occasionally there was an entry of ferriage for wagon, twenty- 
five cents — not an inconsiderable item of expense which stared the 
shopper in the face every time he would cross the river to trade 
within our gates. 

There is an entry of "a half-gallon of whisky when fishing," 
which indicates that a fisherman in those days went into action with 
what Grover Cleveland has since called a properly stimulated mental 

A farmer on the Tuscarawas — "up the Skarwas," as some styled 
it — came to town on a December day in 1821 with a drove of clever 
hogs for which he got $3.75 a head. 

Mail came by horseback. A letter from Philadelphia was twenty- 
five days on the road; postage, twenty-five cents. 

^^'hile riding through the woods on the road to Coshocton the 
postboy, ^^'illiam Cartwell, was shot, and the mailbag rifled. Farmer 
Johnson happened near and caught a glimpse of the murderer. When 
Johnson reported the crime at New Philadelphia, the law held the 
witness until three hundred men had been summoned and lined up in 
the street. Johnson looked searchingly into the faces. Suddenly he 
pointed an accusing finger at John Funston, with "That's the man!" 
Funston, white to the lips, retorted "You're a liar !" but he was jailed, 
and afterward he confessed. In the close of 1825, four months after 
the murder, people from Coshocton County joined a throng of 
thousands in Tuscarawas that saw the murderer swing from the 

^^'ild beasts were killing so manv sheep, hogs and calves that the 
State put a premium of $2.40 on every wolf scalp, and $1.50 on panther 
and wildcat scalps, which resulted in some lessening of the forest 

Travel in the north was saved the dangerous fording of the 
Killbuck by Adam Johnston building a toll-bridge in 1818. A toll- 
bridge was thrown across Wills Creek by Thomas Johnston, asso- 
ciated with others. 

There was scheming to draw new county boundary lines. A 
county seat was elaborately laid out on paper by Jonathan Clark in 
the southwestern corner of Coshocton County. Clarksville had two 
lots for a courthouse, one for a stone market house, two for an 


academy, and ninety-fi\'e private lots — all on paper. Wide avenues 
rejoiced in such names as ^lain. Pearl, \\'alnut, Market, Cedar and 

Another lost town was Alillsville, mapped out by John Mills on 
the banks of the Tuscarawas "at the great bend" near the present 
Orange. It also had its public square and ]\Iain and Walnut streets — 
on paper. 

\Miile the county still included part of Holmes, there was agita- 
tion to locate the capital where Keene now is because it was more 
central. The separation of the Holmes portion from the county ended 
courthouse expectations at Keene. 

Those who know the average American farm of today may have 
some faint conception of the ])ioneer life and its struggles to clear the 
wav through the wilderness here, to cut down forests, to "grub" over 
hills of tang'led brush, and to heave out great heaps of rocks. Pioneers 
worked hard — too hard. Theirs was the hardship and privation of the 
farm, theirs the years of struggle, toiling from sunrise to sunset. 
Dreary enough had been the trip into the forest, but drearier and 
more appalling still was the prospect wdiich faced the pioneer's family 
upon reaching the lone spot in the wilderness that was to be their 
home. The nearest neighbor was miles awav. The dismal silence of 
night was broken only by the hoot of an owl or the howl of a wolf. 

Theirs was the courage, the strength, the faith and the will that 
filled hearts in the making of the country. AA'hile thev were not 
readers of Shakespeare, thev had the soul to appreciate the beautiful 
in nature, hanging finer landscapes before their eyes than any paint- 
ings on palace walls, but they were also conscious of other things than 
poetry. This was usuallv at such God-forsaken season when the heel 
of winter stuck in muddy hills and bottoms, and spring w-as nowhere 
except in the green-covered almanac hanging on the wall. 

There was no poetrv in lieing routed out of a warm feather-bed 
before daylight on a raw, chilly morning to go out into the cold world 
and a colder kitchen. >'anv a winter morning the pioneer cracked 
the ice in the water bucket to fill the washpan and went outdoors to 
do his spluttering. It seemed warmer there with the faint dawn just 
streaking the darkness over the hills. 

Not the least pinch in those pinching times was the kind of morn- 
ing when the frost was just out of the ground, and he reckoned while 


grinding- his face with the towel that he'd plow the clearing that day 
soon as they were tlirough milking, though there was snow on the 
ground and he would walk in a cold, wet furrow and in a mighty hard 
row of stumps. 

He could see his wife coaxing the flint spark to light the kindling, 
and then hover over the feebly burning flicker, the while she wrapped 
her cold hands in her apron, and pranced a queer little warming-up 
prance, and tried to smile while her teeth chattered. 

There is a cherished picture of the pioneer's pretty daughter at 
her spinning wheel which we would a deal rather hang on memory's 
wall than the one painted here, but simple candor compels closer in- 
spection. Those candlestick, tallow-dip days appear decorative only 
when drawn by an artist. Grim reality saw them as part of a life 
that was a hare existence, deprived of reasonable comforts and con- 
veniences, and reduced to the elemental necessities of food and shelter. 
The wife and the daughter often worked in the field. 

Xor did such days pass with the passing of the pioneer. They 
came to succeeding generations, and much of the hardness has never 
yet quite left the farm, even in the comforts of later times, bought 
with years of rigorous self-denial. Those who know farming know 
the farmer's story. Dreamers never can ; they dream the dream of 
independence on the farm ; they sing the song of statistical prosperity ; 
their pet theory is that all the farmer needs is the scientific wisdom 
handed down by the silk-hat agriculturists who compose crop reports. 

Aye, give the farmer the scientific wisdom to harness the clouds 
and hold back floods ; scientific wisdom to sprinkle gentle, growing 
showers in time of parching drought; scientific wisdom to compre- 
hend the joyous independence of those years when he has gotten less 
for his grain than it cost to raise. Not to digress too far, but talking 
with Thad Haight about book farming: 

"Those fellows make me mad sometimes," the "Granger" said. 
"A paper farmer tells how to take care of hay when it's cut, saying 
not to leave it lay in the field Init go around with a fork and turn it 
over and over to get it nice and dry and have a pretty crop of hay. 
He never thinks when a thundering big rain's coming a man's got to 
hurry in his hay almighty sudden. But every fellow thinks he knows 
how to make a farm pay. A fellow bangs out agricultural ideas on a 


typewriter and makes more money selling them to the papers than I 
can carrying- out his farm hints." 

As our pioneers gradually chopped out a destiny in the forest, 
and figuratively as well as literally were able to come out of the 
woods, the log church was built. Besides the regular religious 
services there were camp meetings attended by the whole cotmtryside. 

Chalfant's meeting-house, built by the Methodists in Washington 
Township, 1811, is recorded as the oldest in the county. The Meth- 
odist church at West Bedford was organized several years later. 
Presbyterian ministers preached in Coshocton as early as 1812. The 
Elliotts and others in Millcreek Township, 1821, "deeply sensible of 
the importance and necessity of true religion, and earnestly desirous 
of promoting its influence," organized the congregation of St. Mark's 
parish in communion with the Protestant Episcopal church. Baptist 
preachers were heard in the county in its earliest years, and in 1825 a 
Baptist congregation met in homes and schoolhouses in Oxford and 
Lafayette townships. These were the forerunners of organized re- 
ligious work in the county. What grew from them and what crowned 
the labors of denominations that came afterward will be considered 
in a separate chapter. 

After James Calder went to the wall in Coshocton he crossed the 
river to start a new town, 1816, and called it Caldersburg. Later it 
was named Roscoe, after an English author. There was a tavern, a 
long, rambling log structure, and mine host was William Barcus. 
Occasionally a traveling preacher would hold a meeting in the dining 
room of this roadhouse. The hymn, prayer and sermon heard here 
ofl^ered a new feature in tavern life bv wav of contrast to that at the 
other end of the ferry where "King Charlev's" roadhouse reveled in 
dance, court and election. 

With the capital acquired by making salt at three dollars a I)ushel 
James LeRetilley started a store in Roscoe in 1S25 in partnership 
with William Wood and afterward George Bagnall. At this time a 
new era dawned in pioneer life — the building of the Ohio Canal. 

The engineers brought the $5,000,000 waterway along the west 
shore of the Muskingum to reduce the expense. This was Coshocton's 
disadvantage and Roscoe's opportunity. Much of the enormous wheat 
crop from the cleared forest land that was shipped by canal was loaded 


at Roscoe, and the town bounded to the front, one of the leading ship- 
ping points along the whole canal from Portsmouth to Cleveland. 

It had been a brave undertaking to dig the waterway of com- 
merce through the wilderness and around towering hills. Those were 
the times when the country had no outlet for its produce except by 
few river floats and jolting, corkscrew mires called wagon roads. 
With the coming of the canal, wheat climbed to a dollar a bushel, and 
potatoes for the first time began to have a price — forty cents a bushel. 
There were farmers who had opposed giving right of way through the 
land — the usual opposition to progress ; but canal prosperity converted 

Crops were finding markets and dollars. The peopling of the 
wilderness began in earnest. The canal was making Ohio famous. 
The country was awakened to new commercial importance, and Roscoe 
was a booming center. 

The town stirred with shipping life and scenes. There were the 
fleets of freighters that moved commerce between the Ohio River and 
Lake Erie. There was the passenger packet, the sight of which in- 
volved uneasv speculations concerning the disposal of passengers in 
the fiddle-case cabin. There was the confusion of the towpath, the 
tangle of long ropes, the teams — and their drivers, puffy-faced with 
mule talk, picturesque profanity, how-de-do and whistling the balance. 
Here, too, the barefoot Garfield drove the towpath mule, the canal-boy 
stage of that historic life which ended in the White House. 

Roscoe doors opened as near to the water's edge as they could, 
in hospitable welcome to canal travelers. A center of grain trafific 
was I.eRetilley's big warehouse towering above the canal boats. At 
night the tavern lights beamed cheerfully upon the scene. 

"The Renfrew," one of the first boats on the canal, was built 
in the Roscoe vard. There were half a dozen stores, several mills, 
and the tamous distillery begun by William Renfrew and Robert Hay 
and continued by Love & Hay; this was lost by fire and afterward 
established in Coshocton where its product attained such reputation 
that forty thousand gallons once went in a single shipment to 

The water power of the rivers harnessed at Roscue turned the 
wheels of her mills. Altogether the outlook for a flourishing town 
seemed propitious. Early investors in Roscoe's real estate future 



were Leander Ransom, engineer on the canal construction, and Xoah 
H. Swayne, then practicing law in Coshocton and afterward justice 
in the supreme court of the United States. 

The Walhonding Canal, feeding the main waterway at Roscoe 
with enormous wheat shipments from the A\'alhonding valley and 
adjacent territory, was building a busy town in Tiverton Township — 
Rochester. The roads leading to the canal terminal were covered for 
miles with wagons bringing wheat from as far as Mt. \"ernon. But 
with the passing of canal transportation Rochester vanished — and to- 
day has risen again in Cavallo on the Mohican. 

Looking back upon the picture of our county in the canal era the 
landscape for the most part was just emerging from forest solitude 
with signs of civilization. At lengthened intervals the log cabin, with 
its space of cleared land about it, sending its thread of ])lue smoke 
curling up into the sky ; stumps everywhere ; sometimes the felled trees 
lying vet upon the soil ; saw mills and corn-crackers along the creeks, 
with little whisky mills grinding corn; and pig's in all directions. 

Townships had then begun their story of early settlers, and sev- 
eral towns had their first doctors, teachers, preachers, storekeepers, 
blacksmiths, wagonmakers, shoemakers, postmasters — a marvelous 
transformation from the wilderness which "Old Charley'" \A'illiams 
could remember. He lived to see the canal era and the dawn of "the 
roaring forties." 

"As I rememl)er,"' he commented, and the si)elling is his, "wee 
was the hapest pepel in the world ontill our counterv was tild with 
spahlen davels — thay get between the pepel — then it was a grat thout 
to get every man what bee could — oppose one another — geten werse — 
tha plarsh thar fais with religen now makes them werse." He died 
in 1840 and was laid beside his wife, the first grave to the left as you 
enter Oak Ridge Cemeterv. 

In the picture of those days was the mail coach with puttv sides 
of shining red, rolling joyfully past corn fields and fields of wheat 
and stumps, past rail fences and through woods, stopping to water at 
the sign of "The Blue Ball" or "The Black Horse," and rattling gaily 
into town scattering pigs before it. 

The press had arrived in Coshocton, where Dr. William Max- 
well began in 1S27 the publication of "The Republican" at uncertain 


intervals. This sheet of handbill size and others that came later have 
their story in the newspaper chapter. 

Over the western hills where Eli Nichols owned much of New 
Castle Township the hamlet of New Castle, planned by Robert Giffen, 
advanced from its solitary log-cabin and tavern state into a merger 
with its rival. West Liberty, affluent with half a dozen houses in- 
cluding one of brick. A few miles away, on the old site of Captain 
Pipe's Indian village, Walhonding was just springing up with the 
canal, and coming so fast that a bill was introduced into the legis- 
lature to form a new county, making ^^'alhonding the seat, but the 
bill lost by one vote. Mount Airy was on a ridge with some cabins, 
a blacksmith forge and a log school with a schoolmarm, wife of Parson 
Alsach ; but the place rose onlv to vanish with other lost towns of the 

Southward, in FMke Township, there was the flourishing village 
of West Carlisle with its two churches, three stores, tavern, tannery 
and the shops of blacksmiths, wheelwrights, carpenters, shoemakers, 
tailor and hatter. There also was the home of W^illiam Brown who 
kept store, served as postmaster under Monroe, J. Q. Adams, Jackson 
and A'an Buren, was a sure shot, a good horseman, and a Christian 

In Perry Township rose Dr. E. G. Lee's New Guilford, and 
nearbv lohn Conway's Claysville, afterward consolidating as East 
Union, with two-score houses and several shops where the sound of 
hammer and saw and anvil swelled the chorus of peace. 

W^est Bedford, or Heaton's Town in those days, had grown from 
a road house of 1817 to log-house stores, blacksmith shop and tannery. 
Washington Township was clearing her fine farms. In Virginia the 
Scotts, of good old stock and well esteemed, were developing much 
land; a store was beginning the future New Moscow. 

Franklin Township had Frew's Mill, now Wills Creek. Linton 
Township, when it couldn't ford the creek, ferried at Jacobsport, now 
Plainfield. then the home of a tannery. A toll bridge succeeded the 
ferry. There was a ferry at Linton Mills. A mill was the beginning 
of Bacon Run. Maysville flickered about a blacksmith's forge, then 
flickered out. Folks in that section were digging deep wells, and from 
everv sixty gallons of water pumped up they extracted a bushel of salt. 

In the north Monroe Township went to the tavern and store 


called Van Buren, which has grown since into Spring IMountain. 
Millcreek Township, then as now, had no town lot, and was farming ; 
likewise Bethlehem, rafting logs of oak, walnut, poplar and sycamore 
down the Killbuck to Roscoe and Coshocton. 

In Clark Township Eli Fox's mill was grinding at Helmick. 
Blissfield was unknown yet, and where Bloomfield stands today, partly 
in this county and partly in Holmes, there were in the forties a few 
log cabins with the county line running between them. 

A tavern and straggling cabins in the wilderness started New 
Bedford in Crawford Township, with Chili growing later out of a 
blacksmith shop. 

In Adams Township Bakersville was in a grist-mill stage; in 
White Eyes William M. Boyd's mill was the forerunner of Jacktown, 
afterward Avondale, now Fresno. 

Keene had emerged from Jesse Beal's forest as a little leaky log- 
cabin school, and advanced to tavern and stores. West Lafayette was 
in its roadhouse cradle. On the \\'alhonding Canal Warsaw grew 
into a flourishing grain center where shortly before only a tavern had 
stood. Along the Ohio Canal the immense grain shipping started 
Canal Lewisville with three warehouses, while struggling young New- 
port, nearby was lost. Evansburg, afterward Orange, flourished as a 
canal port with warehouse, tannery, tavern and store. 



Ackline, Alexander 
Adams. Beall 
Adams, Calvin 
Adams. Seth 
Adams. A\'illiam 
Addy, Hugh 
Addy, James 
Addy. Robert 
Addy, Thomas 
Albert, Catherine 
Albert. John 
Allison, AA'illiam 
Ammon, Jacob 
Amory, Elizabeth 
Amory, George 
Anderson, William 
Andrews, John 
Anspaugh, George 
Arbuckle, John 
Archer. \\'ilHam 

Arnold, Samuel 
Arnold, A\'illiam 
Ash, David 
Ashcraft, Daniel 
Ashcraft. Jonathan 
Ault. Peter 

Babcock, Labina 
Babcock, Richard 
Babcock, Ruannah 
Babcock, Zebina 
Bagnall. George 
Bahmer. A^alentine 
Bailey. George 
Baker. Basil 
Baker, Benjamin 
Baker, Charles 
Baker, Edward 
Baker, James 
Baker, Esaias 



Baker, John 
Baker, Lake 
Baker, Xathan 
Baker, Reason 
Baker, Zebedee 
Ballentine, Hugh 
Bamfield, ^^'ilHam 
Banthani, John 
Bantham, John ^l. 
Bantham, ^Morgan 
Bantham, Perry 
Barcus, ^^'ilHam 
Barker, L3'man 
Barkhurst, AX'ilham 
Barnes, Henry 
Barr, Eleazer 
Barrett, Hugh 
Bartoe, Hannah 
Bartoe, John 
Bassett, Nicholas 
Bates, Nicholas 
Beach, Joseph 
Beal, Jesse 
Beam, David 
Beard, George 
Beard, AA'illiam 
Beatty, Robert 
Beatty, Seavy 
Beaver, George 
Beckwith, Joseph 
Bell, Samuel 
Bell, William 
Bennington, Oliver 
Berry, John 
Bible, George 
Biggs, John 
Biggs, William 
Billman, Anderson 

Billman, Edward 
Bird, William 
Blair, John 
Boggs, William 
Bonar, Matthew 
Booklas, David 
Book-las, AA'illiam 
Booth, Daniel 
Borden, Thomas 
Bowen, Constant 
Boyd, John 
Boyd, Robert 
Bradford, Peter 
Bradley, Elijah S. 
Brewer, Elias 
Brillhart, Samuel 
Brown, Jonas 
Brown, Joseph 
Brown, Samuel 
Brown, William 
Browner, Bennett 
Browner, Ignatius 
Bryson, Benjamin 
Buckalew, James 
Buckalew, John 
Buckalew, F'arker 
Buckalew, Samuel 
Buckingham, Garret 
Buckingham, Joseph 
Buckingham, Jr., Ebenezer 
Buckmastcr, P'eter 
Buker, Caleb 
Buker, Lsrael H. 
Burger, David 
Burns, John 
Burns, Joseph 
Burns, Samuel 
Burrell, Sr., Archibald 



Run-ell. Jr., Archi])ald 
Ijiirrcll, Ucnjaniin 
liurrell, Sr., j(.)seph 
llurrell, Samuel 
Bun-is, Elisha 
Burris, John 
Burt, John G. 
Burton, John 
Butler, Isaac 
Butler, Jonathan 
Butler, Joseph 
Butler, Thomas 
Byers, Samuel 
Byron, ]\Ioses 

Cain, Abel 
Cain, Arnold 
Cain, Joshua 
Cain, Kitty 
Cain, Polly 
Cain, Susan 
Calder, James 
Calder, John 
Calhoun, George 
Campbell, David 
Campbell, James 
Campbell, William 
Cannon, Robert 
Cantwell, Barney 
Cantwell, James 
Cantwell, Samuel 
Cantwell, Sr., Thomas 
Cantwell, Jr., Thomas 
Carhartt, John 
Carhartt, William G. 
Carna'han, .\dam 
Carnahan, Andrew 
Carnahan, Eleanor 

Carnahan, Eliza 
Carnahan, Hugh 
Carnahan, James 
Carnahan, John 
Carnahan, Nancy 
Carnahan, Thompson 
Carnahan, William 
Carnes, John 
Carpenter, George 
Carpenter, Thomas 
Carpenter, Sr., William 
Carpenter, Jr., William 
Carr, Henry 
Carroll, Joseph 
Cartwell, John 
Cartwell, Xathaniel 
Casey, Archibald 
Casey, Peter 
Cass, George 
Cassingham, George F. 
Castor, John 
Clark. Archibald 
Clark, Gabriel 
Clark, James 
Clark, John 
Clark, Payne 
Clark, Richard 
Clark, Sr., \\illiam 
Clark, Jr., William 
Clark, Samuel 
Crawford, John 
Crawford, Robert 
Co.x, David 
Cox, Martin 
Cox, Michael 
Cox, Thomas 
Craig, Andrew 
Craig, Jacob 



Craig", John 
Cresap, Daniel 
Cresap. Otho 
Cresap, Thomas 
Courtright, Abraham 
Courtright, Fanny 
Courtright, Jacob 
Crowley, John 
Crager, David 
Crager, Jacob 
Crager, John 
Culbertson, Robert 
Cotton, James 
Cleonple. A\'illiam 
Chalfant, Mordecai 
Corbin, Robert 
Corbit, Robert 
Cessna, Charles 
Conner, James 
Conner, John 
Crowe, William 
Cochran, Edward 
Cochran, Joshtm 
Chance, Benjamin 
Chance, Joshua 
Cline, George 
Cline, John 
Cline, Philip 
Coulter, AMlliam 
Coleman, Ebenezer 
Coleman, Xiles 
Cullison, Elijah 
Cunningham, Arthur 
Cunningham, Jesse 
Cosner, David 
Cosner, Philip 
Cosner, Henry 
Caton, Robert 

Corson, Thomas 
Cosier, William 
Cotu'tney, John 
Coulter, William 
Cordray, Isaac 
Church, Aaron M. 
Conkle, John 
Cook, Henry 
Chancy, James 
Chancy, Seth 
Chambers, Matthew 
Collins, Elizabeth 
Crosier, ^Martin 
Critchfield, William 
Cutbush, William 
Craft, Jesse 
Colver, John 
Crissman, Henry 
Cypher, Isaac 
Coffin, James 
Conway, John 

Daniel, George 
Darling, Abraham 
Darling, Isaac 
Darling, Jonathan 
Darling, Patience 
Darling, Robert 
Darling, Thomas 
Darling, A\'illiam 
Darnes, John 
Darnes, Peter H. 
Davids, James 
Davidson, Elias 
Davidson, George 
Davidson. Lewis 
Davidson. Obadiah 
Davidson, Robert 



Davidson, William 
Davis. Abner 
Davis, Matthew 
Davis, Robert 
Davis, Sarah 
Davis, William 
Dayton, James 
Dayton, John 
Dayton, William 
Dean, Enos 
Dean, James 
Dean, John 
Dean, Samuel 
Deed, Jacob 
Deed, John 
DeLong-, Edward 
Demoss, John 
Devore, Daniel 
De^^■itt, Paul 
Dial, George 
Dickerson, Isaac 
Dickerson, John 
Dickerson, William 
Dillon, Peter 
Dillon, William 
Doak, William 
Dorland, Cornelius 
Daug'herty, Andrew 
Daugherty, S. M. 
Douglas, David 
Douglas, James 
Downing-, Benjamin 
Downs, George H. 
Draper, Isaac 
Draper, Tsaias 
Dubbs, John 
Duling, Collin 
Duling, Edmund 

Duling, John 
Duncan, John 
Duncan, Matthew 
Durbin, William 

Eag-er, James 
Earlewine, Adam 
Edgar, James 
Edgar, Joseph 
Edwards, Jacob 
Elder, John 
Elder, Robert 
Elliott, Andrew 
Elliott, Elisha 
Elliott, Einlay 
Elliott, Moses 
Elliott, John 
Elliott, George 
Elliott, Thomas 
Elliott, William 
Elliott, James 
Elliott, Charles 
Ellis, Elias 
Elson, Archibald 
Elson, John 
Elson, Samuel 
Emerson, Brown 
Emerson, Jacob 
Emerson, Timothy 
Emery, George 
Emery, Van 
Emery, William 
Endsley, Thomas 
Estap, \\'illiam 
Evans, Gabriel 
Evans, Henry 
Evans, Isaac 
Evans, Robert 




Evans, Thomas 
Evans, William 
Everhart, David 

Facenbaker, John 
Farquhar, Benjamin 
Farquhar, Daniel 
Farquhar, Enoch 
Farquhar, William 
Farwell, Robert 
Farver, William 
Ferguson, Andrew 
Ferguson, ^Matthew 
Fernsler, John 
Fernsler, Philip 
Fetrow. Daniel 
Fetrow, Jeremiah 
Finley, Josiah 
Fletcher, Thomas 
Forby, Benjamin 
Forrest, John 
Foster, Andrew 
Foster, Benjamin 
Foster, David 
Foster, James 
Foster, Moses 
Foster, Samuel 
Foster, Thomas 
Foster, William 
Fowler, Richard 
Fox, Eli 
Frazer, John 
Frazer, Thomas 
Frew, John 
Freshwater, George 
Fry, Abraham 
Fry, Christian 
Frv, Gabriel 

Fry, Sr., Isaac 
Fry, Jr., Isaac 
Fry, Rachel 
Frock, Michael 
Fulton, Jesse 
Fulton. John 
Fulton, \\'illiam 
Fuller, John 
Futhey, Isaac 

Gain, Sr., John 
Gain, Jr., John 
Gault, Adam 
Glover, Joel 
Glover, William B. 
Giffen, Robert 
Griffith, \\'illiam 
Graham, James 
Graham, William 
Graham, John 
Graham, Alexander 
Graham, Thomas 
Glassford, Samuel 
Glassner, John 
Gibson, Alexander 
Gruwell, John 
Graves, Daniel 
Graves, John 
Gilloway, Thomas 
Gay, Dr. 
Gilliam, Samuel 
Gross, John 
Good, Isaac 
Grimes, John 
Ginn, Charles 
Gugery, ^^'illiam 
Glassbv, Henrv 
Gilliland, lolin 



Gillam. Samuel 
Gregor, Jacob 
Gonnar, David 
Gow, William 
Gnrwell, Jacob L. 
Guiberson, Samuel 
Grimm, David 
Grimm, Henry 
Gotshall, George 
Gotshall, William 

Haines, Daniel 
Haines, David 
Haines, Elizabetb 
Haines, Henrv 
Haines, John 
Hoagland, George 
Hoagland, Isaac 
Heaton, Machijah 
Hoagland, John 
Hall, Reuben S. 
Hay, Robert 
Higby, Joseph C. 
Hershman, John 
Hershman, Jacob 
Hershman, Philip 
Hart, Asher 
Hutchinson, John 
Hunt, Austin 
Harcum, Thomas 
Hill, Calvin 
Hill, John 
Hill, Samuel 
Hays, Nancv 
Hartman. Joseph 
Holmes, Jacob 
Heter, John 
Harris, Joseph 

Humrickhouse, Peter 
Hammond, Samuel 
Harmon, John 
Haney, Frederick 
Hoagland, Michael 
Hankins, William 
Henderson, Andrew 
Hunter, James 
Hankins, John 
Hankins, Sr.. Daniel 
Hankins, Jr., Daniel 
Hankins, T. 
Hankins, Betsv 
Hankins, G. W. 
Hebbel, John 
Hook, Henry 
Humphrey, William 
Humphrey, Squire 
Haskins, Thomas 
Haskins, William 
High, Jacob 
Hook. John 
Havill, John 
Henderson, George 
Henderson, John 
Harper, Joseph 
Horton, David 
Hootman, Henrv 
Harding, James 
Hawkins, General 
Hardesty, John 
Hardest}', Thomas 
Hardesty, Samuel 
Higar, Martin 
Henderson, James 
Heslip, Joseph 
Halsey, Silas 
Helms, Nicholas 



Hare, Joseph 
Hedley, Gabriel 
Henderson, William 
Hedley, Benjamin 
Hahn, John 
Hays, AA'illiam 
Hanson, David 
Hibbits, John 
Henry, Enoch F. 
Hedge, Aaron 
Hedge, Hiram 
Hull, Edith 
Hull, William 
Hawk, Eeonard 
Hawk, Richard 
Hawk, Robert 
Highshoe, Jacob 
Harris, Rev. Timothy 
Havens, Benjamin 
Havens, James 
Hostler, John 
Hollowav, Isaac 
Horton, Thomas 
Henlion, John 
Hartley, John 
Hide, Thomas 
Hollinback, Clark 
Houston, Alexander 
Houston, John A. L. 
Henry, Aaron 
Henry, Daniel 
Hang, Frederick 
Holt, John 
Highgo, Martin 
Heighart, Samuel 
Harkins, Jonathan 
Hayney, Frederick 
Huffman, Joseph 

Hirt, Matthew 
Hirt, AMlliam 

Ireland, William 

James, Elias 
James, Ann 
James, Thomas P. 
Johnston, Adam 
Jones, Thomas 
Jones, Elias 
Jones, Malchia 
Jones, James 
Jones, Jesse 
Jones, Joseph 
Jones, William 
Jewett, Henry 
Jennings, Benjamin 
Jennings, Nathaniel 
Johnston, William 
Johnston, Robert 
Jackson, Jacob 
Juel, Gilbert 
Jeffries, \\'illiam 
Jeft'ries, James 
Johnson, Adam 
Johnson, Thomas 
Johnston, Andrew 
Jeffries, Mary 
Jeffries, Betsy 
Johnston, David 
Johnston, Valentine 
Junkins, David 
Junkins, John 
Johnson, Richard 
Johnson, John 
Jenkins, John 
Jolly, William 



John, David 
John, Thomas 

Kilborn, Benjamin 
Kelly, Eli 
King, James 
Kay, John 
Kinner, Hannah 
Kimberley, Ira 
Knoff, John 
Kerr, Polly 
Kelly, John 
Kinney, John 
Knight, Nicholas 
Keg, John 
Knowles, Sr.. James 
Knowles, Jr., James 
Kesler, John 
Kerr, William 
Knowles. John 
Kerr, Peter 
Kerr, Joseph 
Knight, Michael 
Kugar, Jacob 
Korn, Jacob 
Keith, Francis 
Kimball, Abner 

Lee, Dr. Samuel 
Livingston, William 
Littic, George 
Leighninger, George 
Loos, Jacob 
Lemasters, Isaac 
Lee, Elial J. 
Lemasters, Benjamin 
Loos, George 
Lynch, William 

Little, George P. 
Lane, Mathias 
Lemert, Joshua 
Loos, Christian 
Lewis, Thomas B. 
Lyons, Robert 
Loos, John 
Lesk, James 
Livingston, John 
Litchfield, Chauncey 
Lybarger, Andrew 
LeRetilley, James 
Lee. Dr. E. G. 
Lockard, William 
Lockard. John 
Lugus, William 
Laylin, William 
Lawrence, John 
Lennon. John 
Luke. John 
Luke. George 
Luke, Jacob 
Leavengood, John 
Lockard, Andrew 
Lash, Peter 
Loveless. S. H. 
Leach. Archibald 
Lower, Benjamin 
Lower. Daniel 
Lutz. Jacob 

Miller. Sr.. John 

Miller. Jr.. John 

Miller, George 

Miller, Michael 

Miller, Thomas H. 

Miller, Daniel 

Miller. Patrick 



Miller, Jr., Thomas 
■\Iagness, Levi 
AIcAIillen, James 
McGowan. \\'ilson 
^liller, Alichael H. 
Morris, Jacob 
]\Iadden, James W. 
Aliller, Charles 
Miller, Edward 
Miller, Abraham 
Marsh, Cyrus 
Musgrove, John 
Musgrove, Moses 
Metzler, Peter 
Majors, William 
Aliller, Nicholas 
Monroe, Barnabas 
Markley, David 
Aladden, Sanford 
Moore, Allen 
AIcBride, Walter 
McCullough, George 
Montour, Montgomery 
Marsh, Lemuel 
Miller, Sr., James 
McHenry, David 
McCaske\', George 
McPherson, John 
Myser, Jacob 
^lyser, John 
Alyser, Philip 
Mizer, Jacob 
Miller, Michael P. 
Miller, John 
McDonald, \\'illiam 
McArthur, Dr. 
Moore, Elijah 
Marlatt, Abraham 

Markley, Adam 
Markley, William 
Markley, John 
Means, Thomas 
McDonald, Stephen 
Morris, Jacob T. 
Miller, Sr., Henry 
McCune. Seth 
McCune, James 
McCune, George 
McCune, Sr., John 
McCune, Jr., John 
Miller, Christian 
Moore, Charles 
McFarland, Andrew 
Miller, Isaac 
Macaulay, Alexander 
Moreat, John 
Miller, John M. 
Mills, John 
Morgetto, John 
Mulford, James 
Munchel, Enoch 
Mattox, David 
Mattox, Jacob 
Meredith, Isaac 
Meredith, Job 
McCormick, Richard 
Meredith, Stephen 
Meredith, Abner 
Meredith, Obed 
Mcllvain, Robert 
Morgan, Moses . 
Morgan, John 
Morgan, Stryker 
McCullough, Catherine 
Morrison, Samuel 
Moore, John D. 



Moore, Peter 
McClain, Samuel 
McClain, Thomas 
McClain, Andrew 
McClain, David 
McClain, Daniel 
Merrihew, John 
McFarland, Samuel 
Miller, Sr., Thomas 
Morrison, William 
Madden, Thomas 
Meek, Ann 
Meek, David 
Meek, George 
McNeal, Archihald 
Moore, Thomas 
Marshall, Ira 
Mast, David 
McCarey, Anthony 
McKee, Ahner 
Mitchell, Joseph 
]\IcCormick, Samuel W. 
Metzler, Peter 
Munson, Jr., Isaac 
Munson, Henry 
Moore, Gahriel 
McCoy, Edmund 
McCoy, Joseph 
McCurdy, Daniel 
McCurdy, James 
McCurdy, \\'illiam 
Mitchell, John 
Medberry, Arnold 
McQuestion, Thomas 
McGuire, Francis 
Miller, John G. 
Mossman, Robert C. 
Marklev, Benjamin 

Markley, Frederick 
Markley, Martin 
McCullough, John 
McCoy, William 
Markley, Abraham 
Magness, George 
Maple, David 
Maple, Jacob 
Monroe, Joseph F. 
Mervin, Henry 
McBride, William 
Miller, Wendell 
Miller, John G. 
^liller. John H. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, David 
^Miller, Thomas G. 
Miller, Thomas H. 
]\Iurphy, William 
Mizer, Frederick 
Mowery, Henry 
McCleary, George 
McNabb, John 
Mulholland, John 
Madden. James W. 
Miller, Edward 
Minton, William 
Matthews, John 
Marshall, Thomas 
McKearn, John 
Mitchell, William 
Meredith, David 
Mason, George 
Miller, Stephen 
Miskimen, James 
Miskimen, William 
McFarland, Ezekiel 
McFarland, Samuel 



Mills, Stephen 
Mulvain, John 
Mulvain, Joseph 
Mulvain, William 
Moore, Jared 
McBride, John 
McFaiiand, Robert 
AlcVey, Henry 
]\liddleton, Nathaniel 
Miller, Jacob 

Norris, Daniel 
Norris, Joseph 
Norris, Samuel 
Norris, William 
Neff, Joseph 
Newcomb, Elijah 
Nelson, Nathaniel 
Neighbor, John 
Nelson, John 
Nelson, Elijah 
Norris, John 
Norman, Benjamin 
Norman, George 
Noble, John 
Norman, Daniel 
Norman, Icletis 
Newcomb, Charity 
Neal, Andrew 
Neldon, John 
Neldon, Henrv 
Nichols, Eli 
Nichols, Thomas 
Newcomb, Moses 
Nelson, Benjamin 
Norman, Jabus 
Norman, John 
Nolan, Pierre 

Northrup, Henry 
Newell, Thomas 
Nash, David 
Nash, Uriah 
Nighart, Jacob 

O'Donald, James 
O'Donald, \A'illiam 
Ogg, Richard 
Ogle, Joseph 
Ogle, Thomas 
Oglesby, James 
Oliver, Robert 
Orr, Josiah 
Orr. Matthew 
Osier, John 
0\-erholt, Joseph 

Pain, Solomon 
Piatt, Peter 
Pingree, John 
Putman, David 
Parks, David 
Parks, Joseph 
Pigman, John G. 
Pigman, John P. 
Pa rue, John 
Pigman, Joseph \A'. 
Philips. Theophilus 
Price, Geottrey 
Pinkerton, Benjamin 
Pinkerton, Thomas 
Pierce, Isaac 
Preston, Henrv 
Pritchard, John 
Powelson, Lewis 
Powelson, AA'illiam 
Pew, James 


Parker, Ezekiel 
Parker, George 
Parker, John 
Parker, Joshua 
Parker, Zebulan 
Pitzer, Anthony 
Powelson, Conrad 
Pingree, Oliver 
Partalow, William 
Poland, Andrew 
Pilar, John 
Parkinson, Jonathan 
Pigman, John 
Priest, James L. 
Peterson, John 
Peterson, John G. 
Pigman, Rev. William 
Pigman, Daniel C. 
Perry, Dr. Samuel I. 
Payall, Peter 
Pearson, James 
Parker, Elijah 
Peachey, Moses 
Pigman. Rev. Joseph W 
Pierce, Daniel 
Parkinson, Grant 
Pancake, William 
Perkins, Samuel 
Pierpont, William 
Pritdhard, Rev. John 
Powell, Thomas 
Parrish, Joseph 
Patterson, Benjamin 
Purdy, Isaac 

Robinson, Benjamin 
Robinson, John 
Richards. William 

Roberts, Elizabeth 
Robinson, James 
Ravenscraft, Sarah 
Ravenscraft, John 
Ravenscraft, William 
Ravenscraft, James 
Renfrew, Alexander 
Renfrew, James 
Renfrew, William 
Rue, Thomas L. 
Rue, Joseph W. 
Reed, Jacob 
Roderick, Levi 
Rader, John 
Randies, Abraham 
Robinson, William J. 
Robinson, Hezekiah 
Robey, M. 
Ricketts, Benjamin 
Ricketts, Joshua 
Roderick, Lewis 
Roderick, Benjamin 
Riley, Nicholas 
Russell, Thomas 
Richcreek, Jasper 
Ridgely, Westall 
Russell, Cornelius 
Roberts, Eli 
Roberts, William 
Robinson, John M. 
Robinson, Major William 
Richards, Jacob 
Reasoner, Peter 
Rees. Jonathan 
Rice, Andrew 
Robertson, William 
Rollins, William 
Rea, Nicholas 


Rea, Samuel 
Rowley, Samuel 
Roof, Jacob 
Remington, Peter 
Reikle, Henry 
Rambo, Peter 
Russell, John 
Raiff. Dr. Alexander A. 
Randall, Beal A. 
Ryan, Charles 
Rine, Henry 
Rine, John 
Rose, Samuel 
Rinehart, Jacob 

Seward, Ebenezer 
Seward, Eli 
Seward, James 
Steerman, John 
Steerman, Richard 
Simpson, Henry 
Simpson, Josia'h 
Stafford, Richard A. 
Smith, Sr., John 
Smith, Jr., John 
Smith, Francis 
Smith, William 
Smith, Reuben 
Smith, Silas 
Smith, Thomas 
Smith, Daniel 
Sells, Abraham 
Sells, David 
Sells, Franklin 
Sells, Jonathan 
Shaw, Elijah 
Shaw, Levi 
Shaw, Ann 

Shaw, Enos 
Shaw, John 
Shaw, Robert 
Shaw, James 
Spencer, Nathan 
Stowe, Abijah 
Spencer, Phineas 
Spencer, William 
Speaks, William 
Sheperd, William 
Saunders, Edward 
Sible, Peter 
Shane, Abraham 
Stafiford, Francis A. 
Shambaugh, Isaac 
Stogdon, John C. 
Starker, George 
Severns, I. John 
Severns, Joseph 
Shannon, John 
Simmons, Casper 
Simmons, Jasper 
Simmons, William 
Smith, Joseph B. 
Smith, James 
Stonehocker, Jacob 
Stonehocker, Michael 
Shults, Content 
Stephenson, Samuel 
Shitton, Richard 
Shamblin, T. S. 
Stootzman, Jonas 
Stootzman, Powell 
Sweitzer, Jacob 
Sweitzer, Samuel 
Shea, John 
Shipley, James 
Shrimplin, A. 



Shrimplin, Samuel 
Shealy, Joseph 
Stout, George 
Spiker, Samuel 
Spanglei", L^avid 
Smeltzer, John 
Shaffer, John 
Silliman, G. W. 
Silliman, Willis 
Silliman, L. S. 
Scales, William 
Stillwell, Stephen 
Slaughter, Alexander 
Slaughter, Henry 
Slagle, John 
Shuck, John 
Squires, Bradley 
Squires, Samuel 
Severns, John S. 
Severns, Absolom 
Severns, Sanuiel 
Stephens, ^latthew 
Stover, Alichael 
Stover, Matthias 
Sloane, Joseph 
Sheldon, Richard 
Scott. Alexander 
Scott, Joseph 
Scott, Matthew 
Scott, James 
Scott, John 
Strait, Isaac C. 
Stringer, George 
Stringer, Moses H. 
Skinner, George 
Springer, Amos 
Sampson, Henry 

Stanberry, Jonas 
Stall, William 
Salisbury, Daniel 
Stackhouse, Amos 
Snow, Darius 
Starkey, William 
Stone, Samuel 

Thompson, Patience 
Thomson, Moses 
Thompson, Jonathan 
Thompson, Samuel 
Thompson, William 
Thompson, James 
Thompson, Joshua 
Thompson, John 
Thompson, Isaac 
Titus, George 
Torry, Albert 
Thayer, Ephraim 
Thayer, Bartholomew 
Tipton, Samuel 
Tipton, Solomon 
Ti])ton. Thomas 
Treadwa}-, Thomas 
Taylor, Samuel 
Taylor, John 
Taylor, William 
Trover, David 
Troyer, Jacob 
Truit, Walter 
Truit, Solomon 
Tanner, James 
Tilton, Elijah 
Timmons, Peter 
Tush, John 
Titus, Francis 
Trimble, Josiah 



Trimble, Matthew 
Thatcher, Isaac 
Thomas, John 

Uhill, Charles 
Underhill, Isaac 
Upson, Jesse 
Usher, John 

X'ankirk, Cornelius P. 
A'anderwert. Elizabeth 
A^ail, Lewis 
A'ail, Samuel 
Vr\1. Solomon 
A'ail, Joseph 
A'ail, Jefferson 
Wail, Jonathan 
A'ail, John 
Wilgamore, Jacob 
\'ansky, Moses 
\'ickers, Taliafero 

A\'inders, James 'SI. 
W'hitten, William 
AA'illiams, Colonel Charles 
Williams, ^latthew 
Williams, John 
AA'illiams, James 
AA'illiams, Clark 
AA'illiams, Richard 
AA'illiams, Sharon 
AA'illiams, Abraham 
AA'illiams, AA'illiam G. 
AA'amsley, Catherine 
AA'amsley, Robinson 
AA'ood, Joshua 
AA'ood, Peter 
AA'ood, Tonathan 

AA'ood, Solomon 
AA'ood, Richard 
AA'ood, AA'illiam 
AA'healan, John 
AVogan, Daniel 
AA'illiamson, Piatt 
AA'aggoner, John 
AA'aggoner, David 
AA'aggoner, Philip 
\A'ag"g"oner, Edward 
AA'aggoner, Jacob 
AA'eaver, Samuel 
AA'orkman, P>en jamin 
AA'itherow, James 
AA'itherow, Charles 
AA'est, Jonathan 
Wright, John 
AViggins, Charity 
AA'iggins, Thomas 
AA'iggins, Edward 
AA'ayman, John 
AA'amsley, INlary 
AA'olfe. John 
AA'olfe. Philip 
AA'alters, Joseph 
AA'ilson, John 
AA'ilson, John P. 
AA'ilson. Samuel 
AA'ilson, AA'illiam 
AA'ilson, Thomas 
AA'ilson, James 
AA^heeling, George 
AA'orkman, Rebecca 
AA'olford, Jeremiah 
AA'olford, Moses 
AVilson, Potter 
AA'ilson, Andrew 
AVhittaker. Reuben \ 


W'hittaker, James 
Wright, Dr. Hiram 
Wiley, Samuel 
Winklepleck, A. 
Welch. James 
Wells. John 
Willis. Richard 
Workman, Thomas 
W^ynn, Richard 
Whitesell, John 
Wiggins, Francis 
Wells, Benjamin 
Willis, William 
Willis. James 
Wolford, John 
Wright, Joseph 
Welker, Abraham 
Workman, Isaac 
Wells, William 
Williams. W^illiam 
Williams, Benjamin 

Wynn, James 
Wise, Christopher 
Warner, Wright 
Wisecarver, Abraham 
Wolgamot, David 
Wolgamot, Edward 
Wolgamot, Joseph 
Wolgamot, Jacob 
Wolgamot, Henry 
Worth, Richard 
Walker, Joseph 
Warden, Benjamin 
Wallace, Thomas 
Ware, Joseph 
Wilier. James 
White, Augustine 
\\'hite. John 
Weathervvax, Andrew 
Young, Cornelius 
Young, Ephraim 
Youther. Christian 




In those days when Coshocton County was compelled to harvest 
wheat by main strength instead of by machinery the workers were 
stimulated by the ever-present beverage from the bottle on the table, 
the jug in the field, or the barrel in the cellar. Nor is there any 
evidence that drunkenness cursed the community when whisky was 
plenty and pure and not paying millions of taxes to the government. 
That the privilege was abused is probable, as all privileges have been 
abused from time immemorial. But condemnation was directed 
toward the abuse, not toward temperate drinking, and there are those 
who retain the belief that the barrel and tin cup hospitality of our 
pioneers was nearer true temperance than the sneaking, hypocritical 
drinking behind the door. 

The farmers in those earlv times started from home before day- 
light to help a neighbor cut his wheat. They toiled under burning 
skies, reaping their slow way with the hand sickle, their stooped fig- 
ures bowed by the weight of drudging years. And to thrash the grain 
they pounded it with a flail on the barn floor. 

In time came the cradle, and the first step in harvest progress. 
The strong-armed pioneer swung the cradle with mighty sweep, cut- 
ting in one dav acres of grain where the sickle had cut sheaves. 

Meanwhile there was a cloud growing, at first "no bigger than a 
man's hand," but it spread until it darkened the land to break in the 
storm of '6i. Through the canal years slaves were escaping from the 
South, and friendly abolitionists were helping them along the way 
through Ohio to Canada. Coshocton County was on one of Ohio's 
manv lines of the "underground railroad"' from slaverv to freedom. 

While there was on the part of some people here a certain tacit 


tolerance of slavery, many having brought with them the Virginia 
notion of the South's pecuHar institution, there were others in Co- 
shocton County with whom Xew England ideas prevailed. Their 
aggressive stand against slavery promoted a sentiment readv to sup- 
port the fleeing slave. 

There has been a list compiled In' Professor Siebert in C3hio State 
University naming the Coshocton County operators of the "under- 
ground railroad" — abolitionists who threw open their doors to the 
fleeing black man and braved the existing laws protecting the slave- 
holder's claim of ownership. These were the conductors who helped 
along the fugitives passing through, this county, providing them with 
food, shelter and raiment: 

Boyd, James Nichols, Eli 

Bovd, Luther Powell, Thomas 

Boyd, William Miller Seward, Ebenezer 

Campbell, Alexander Shannon, Isaac 

Elliott, William Shannon, J. P. 

Poster, Prior W'hite, Benjamin 

Lawrence, Solon Wier, Samuel 

Despite the efl^orts of the Whigs to keep the slavery question out 
of politics, it rose persistently. Some, who were not inclined to go 
the full limit of abolitionists, gave up the idea of abolishing slavery 
in southern states, but would "draw a ring of fire around them." 
These Free-Soilers had their followers in Coshocton County. 

The South was scheming to maintain its system of slavery by con- 
trolling Congress. To offset the creation of free States in the North, 
the South worked to extend slave territory in the Southwest. There 
was emigration to the Rio Grande country, then part of Mexico, and 
they called it Texas. The day came that General Sam Houston and 
his seven hujudred Texans routed Santa Anna and his five thousand 
Mexicans on the San Jacinto, and Texas was freed from Mexico. 
Wlien the young Republic of Texas with her slave-holding tendency 
applied to Congress for annexation, the question whether or not to 
admit her became the burning issue in the presidential campaign of 
1844 — an issue that was stormily debated in taverns and stores of 
Coshocton Countv. 


Here as elsewhere men's hats were thrown high for the peerless 
Henry Clay, that prince of compromisers whom the Whigs nominated 
for president, and who was supposed to be against the annexation of 
Texas. But Polk, the Democratic candidate who favored annexation, 
was elected, partly by reason of the votes thrown away on the Free 
Soil nominee. Polk's election was taken as a sign of popular approval 
of annexation, and Congress admitted Texas. 

Mexico claimed the rich valley of the Rio Grande and insisted on 
a Iwundary farther east. General Zachary Taylor advanced to the 
Ria Grande, and on a spring dav in 1846 the news came to Coshocton 
Count}- that the Mexicans had fired upon our flag. 

At the call for troops Coshocton sons came to the front as the 
county's fathers did in 181 2 with a full Cjuota of defenders, and more. 
They exceeded a hundred and ten, those young volunteers, among 
them several who were destined yet to serve their country in another 
war, including the corporal, B. F. Sells, who as captain led a valiant 
company in the Rebellion, and for years was one of only two Coshoc- 
ton survivors of the Mexican War. The last is Joseph Sawyer. 

In June. 1846, the Coshocton Countv volunteers started south. 
There was a throng to see them ol¥, such a throng as had never as- 
sembled here before: people from the homes that the boys were leav- 
ing : women and girls forcing a cheerful goodby through tears. They 
crowded down the Roscoe shore to the canal boats to keep the boys 
in sight to the last minute. "All aboard for Mexico!" The boats 
drew away, the crowd cheered, there was an answering roar from 
the troops, and they were off. This is the official roster of the 
volunteers : 

Company B 
Jesse ^Meredith. Captain. 
J. M. Lo\e, First Lieutenant, after- B. F. Sells. Corporal 

ward Captain John Patterson. Corporal 

S. B. Crowley. Second Lieutenant James Dickson, Corporal 

J. D. ^^'orkman, Lieutenant Robert Harrison. Musician 

Corbin Darnes. Sergeant Charles Conlev. Sergeant 

Rolla Banks. Lieutenant A. J. Darling. Corporal 

J. B. Crowley. Sergeant John Hubert. Corporal 

Peter Shuck, Sergeant Gresham Davis, ^.lusician 

Richard McClain. Sergeant Obed Aleredith. Alusician 



Alexander, Samuel 
Aunspaugh, Moses 
Bartraim, Charles 
Bartraim, Frederick 
Brown, Henry 
Burns, Samuel 
Burt, Richard W. 
Burt, Benjamin 
Butler, Robert 
Cooper, James 
Cressup, Van Orin 
Da_v, Lewis 
Darnes. John 
Deviney, Jacob 
Dillon, John 
Felver, Lyman 
Fenton, Richard 
Fisk, Jonathan 
Foster, Crispen 
Fulks, James M. 
Gardner, Adam B. 
Goodwin, Samuel M. 
Griffith, James 
Harbison, Robert 
Hattery, Charles 
Hazlett, ^^'illiam 
Hoover, Jonas S. 
Hunt, Jacob S. 
Jennings, Robert 
Johnson, Edward D. 
Jones, Levi 
Kitchen, George 
Kitchen, Armstead M. 


Kline, Frederick A. 
Kline, Julius J. 
Lowry, John 
McKee, Shakespeare 
McClain, Thomas 
McMichael, Jacob 
Madden, Thomas 
Miller, Cannon 
Miller, H. W. 
Miller, Samuel 
Moore, Edward 
Morrow, Elisha W. 
Morgan, Absalom L. 
Neff, J. Franklin 
O'Harra, Francis W. 
Osterhould, D. F. 
Parker, Joseph 
Ross, Absalom P. C. 
Sawyer, Joseph 
Scott, James 
Shannon, Thomas 
Shaw, Albert 
Shaw, John 
Shaw, Daniel 
Smith, Henry 
Stizer, David 
Taylor, William 
\'an Dusen, Nathaniel 
Van Horn, Robert 
Williams, James H. 
Woods, William M. 
Wright, William 
Wright, Charles 

Going to war by canal boat was not quick business. It took two 
days to reach Zanesville. There the Coshocton bovs boarded a 
steamer and within a week were camped near Cincinnati. A month 
after leaving home thev were on a New Orleans steamer, equipjied 


with arms and ammunition as Company B of tlie Third Regiment, 
Ohio Wikmteer Infantry. They cami)ed on the memoral)le battlefield 
of "Old Hickory" Jackson near Xew Orleans. A stormy voyage of 
a week took them to Brazos, Santiago, where they started on the 
march to the Rio Grande. Three deaths had occurred: George 
Kitchens, John Darnes and Sanuiel ^liller. 

In August the Third Ohio garrisoned the city of Matamoras. In 
In the fall and winter the Coshocton comi)any lost by sickness: A. J. 
Darling. William Gardner, Henry l]ro\vn, Charles Wright and 
Joseph Parker. Captain [Meredith resigned to return home. 

The sunny days of the Mexico Feliruary saw our boys at Fort 
Camargo on the San Juan where the g(n-ernment supplies were kept 
for General Taylor's army. In March came the order to go to 
Monterey. Their route lay under the skirmish tire of General Urea's 
Alexicans. March i6th our troops routed the enemy and gave hot 
chase as far as Caderaeda. A week later they joined General Taylor's 
forces and camped on the battlefield of Buena ATsta until May, when 
the regiment was ordered to the gulf. Robert Harbison, another of 
our Coshocton soldiers, rests in a grave at Mear. His company, 
mustered out upon the return to Xew Orleans, had seen a year's serv- 
ice, and Coshocton welcomed back her sons. 

\\'hile thev were returning home another company, partly 
recruited from this county and led by James Irvine, a Coshocton 
lawyer, was on its way to Mexico as Company G of the Fourth Ohio. 
These troops did garrison dutv at Alatamoras until ordered in Sep- 
tember to A'era Cruz which had surrendered to Scott earlier in the 

At this point the Fourth Ohio was assigned to General Joe Lane's 
brigade in the division under command of General Robert Patterson. 
On the march to the City of ^Mexico the Coshocton volunteers went 
through the "baptism of fire" at the Xational Bridge. They came upon 
Major Lally and his plucky four hundred holding the position against 
Mexican thousands. The Fourth Ohio, as advance guard, w^ent to 
the major's assistance. \\'hen the Mexicans were driven back it was 
found that Coshocton bovs had lieen severely wounded. 

In an engagement at Huamantia the Fourth Ohio had charge of 
prisoners, much to the relief of Tturbide. The son of the Mexican 
emperor, when brought with a troop ni ]irisoners to the rear guard. 


asked Captain Irvine what troops guarded the prisoners. He looked 
his gratitude when he learned who they were and that he was safe 
from the vengeance of the Texas rangers whose gallant, daredevil 
leader, the famous Captain Walker, had fallen that day. 

Continuing the march, General Lane's brigade consigned super- 
fluous baggage to flames at Jalapa, and by forced march hurried to 
Pueblo, arriving at the crucial moment to rescue from Mexican ven- 
geance eighteen hundred sick and wounded American soldiers lying 
in Pueblo hospitals. These had become the object of Santa Ana's 
hatred in the maddening hour when one after another of Mexico's 
strongholds had fallen — when in a few minutes six thousand Mex- 
icans were routed from the Contreras gateway to the capital city — 
when San Antonio fell — when the citadel of Chapultepec itself was 
carried by storm and the conquering forces swept into the city. No 
Mexicans could stand before the tumultous onslaught of the Amer- 
icans rushing upon batteries and breastworks, and hacking their way 
through in hand to hand fighting, swinging rifles like clubs and mow- 
ing down resistance with l^avonet and sword. Santa Ana fled in 
the night and with a force stole upon the Pueblo hospitals to wreak 

It was then that Lane's troops with the Coshocton boys among 
them hurled themselves upon Santa Ana. The brigade was in three 
attacking columns, one headed by the Fourth Ohio. Lp the streets 
of Pueblo they fought their way, driving back the Mexicans who made 
their last stand in the plaza, the public square in the heart of the town. 

The firing, the clashing of swords, the cursing, the groans of the 
wounded and dying reached the sickbeds in the hospitals where hearts 
beat high with fever of anxiety. In the plaza, men flung themselves 
panting against the walls ; some toppled over the shrubbery at the 
fountain, and the water reddened. Santa Ana's force was finally 
overcome. The struggle left Coshocton boys in the hospitals. When 
the Fourth Ohio finallv marched from Pueblo it was to return home. 




It was the time when people here were marvehng over stories of 
the railroad built in the East. The road destined to run through this 
region was still in a pigeon-hole in a city desk. Life moved leisurely 
with the canal and the stage coach. No one was in a rush then. 
James K. Johnston recalls that in the presidential campaign of 1848 
the news of Taylor's election was unknown in Coshocton for two 

About the liveliest thing was county politics, and it was boiling. 
It boiled in the Republican which was then edited by J. Medill who 
years afterward owned the Chicago Tribune and becaipe a million- 
aire ten times over. ., 

Mr. Medill called the opposition a party of "hunkers," and afr. 
fectionately referred to his esteemed contem|)ora,ry[as "t,^i,e: brazen,-: 
faced runt." He denounced the caucus systerria^jii'Otten, anc;! adyp^ 
cated the popular vote, giving to every ma,^.■an^e(^y\;3Ll\vo^^> in- sele^ti^, 
the ticket. He was applauded in the (fountj^by those^.v/Jlp Of(pOS^(^; 
an "invisible purgatory established by;|;he: wire ptjllers abQ^t GJq; 
shocton, through which a man was coiaipelled, to pass jf-he; ■iyoulcj 
aspire to the honors of a candidate,"; ■ _ ■, vjriorng.-niriK 

Those were days too when a candidate's knowledge pf-fjGerm^p, 
especially recommended him because of the,, difficulty, under which 
Germans labored in transacting tosiness:g.tth.e;,GOurthous^. : There 
was a courthouse, two stories.-, high^' which supplanted the old tavern^ 
arrangement. It rose in 1824;. and for half acentury was a genergJ; 
meeting place. The beU< which rang to pioneer Coshocton is the same 
that tolls the hours in today's courthouse. , . :. 


A considerable part of the county was settled by Germans, par- 
ticularly the northeastern townships, and they were among the 
thriftiest, most industrious citizens. Their ministers preached to 
them in their native language, and their boys and girls studied the 
German testament in school. The "Pennsylvania Dutch" dialect was 
spoken; all their thinking was in it; all life outside the schoolroom 
was discussed in that German dialect, so it could scarcely be otherwise 
than that generations grew up almost as thoroughly German as those 
who tirst came to the county in the early thirties. 

In the fifties Coshocton wheat was down to sixty-two cents and 
flour $4.50 a barrel, but there dwelt in the land a spirit of peace and 
plenty. Rollicking young blades went forth New Year's nights to 
shoot a thundering blunderbuss near the window of ye lady fair until 
she opened the door and welcomed them to the midnight glass and 
cake. Those were the joyful young days of our grandfathers and 
grandmothers, when they laughed and drank to the toast: 
Corn in the big crib and money in the pocket, 
Baby in the cradle and pretty wife to rock it. 

The bridging of the Tuscarawas and the Walhonding between 
Coshocton and Roscoe marked the passing of the picturesque ferry. 
In time came a curious caravan over the wagon-road across coun- 
try — the pioneer circus, whose resplendent features even in that prim- 
itive stage were much like the familiar sight of after days. There, 
in the grand parade which marked the entree into Coshocton, were 
the elephants, advertised to stand on their heads; the girl bareback 
rider in all the stern-faced glory of her "youth, beauty and talent:" 
the wonderful "Human Fly" who would walk a plank with head 
hanging down; the festive clowns with donkey and trained zebra; 
and the free show of tight-wire balancing by Mademoiselle Isabelle. 
It was dazzling and thrilling — a pulse-quickening change from such 
amusements as the singing school, the spelling bee, the quilting, the 
corn husking, the house warming, the shooting match, the fox hunt, 
and the wax-figure show. 

And as the amusement side of life was undergoing a subtle 
change, the whole scheme of civilization was about to be revolution- 
ized by the great engine of progress, the railroad. There was to be 
a new pace, a faster pace set in life. And that was little more than 
fiftv vears ago. 


The railroad route straight through the middle of the valley 
touched Coshocton, and marvelous was the transformation from a 
trading center around Second Street to the beginning of today's city. 

In that time of railroad building is when those scenes were enacted 
which Robert Louis Stevenson vividly pictures — the roaring camp 
life springing up at each stage of construction and then dying away 
again, an epical turmoil conducted bv amiable gentlemen in frock coats, 
with a \-iew to a fortune and a subsequent visit to Paris. And after 
the line was surveyed, and every foot of grading, cutting and bridge- 
building had been done through every section, hilly and level, and the 
first train went shrieking on its way, the speed of the thing excited 
the l)reathless wonder of the multitude. ]\Iother Robinson, whose 
home is with her daughter, Mrs. ]\lcCabe, in \\'alnut Street, was 
among those that saw the first train here. 

]\lonev to help build the road had been raised by the county and 
the townships along the route, in response to pleasing and persuasive 
speakers sent through the country In- the promoters to interest the 
farmers. The county took $100,000 of the railroad stock, Lafayette 
Township $20,000, Tuscarawas $30,000, Franklin $15,000, and Vir- 
ginia vSi 5.000. To raise the money, lionds were sold l)earing se\cn 
per cent interest. "This debt,"' Charles RoImusoii says, speaking of 
\'irginia Townshi]), "lieing as a millstone about the neck of tlie 
farmers for years. Then land in the hills was valued higher than 
the bottom land. Land that today on the bottoms near Adams Mills 
would bring S75 an acre, in 1850 to i860 was considered valueless, 
it was covered with drift and frog ponds, a vast amount of clearing 
was going on, and at every freshet the river became loaded with logs 
and drift, which was deposited on all low lands. But with time con- 
ditions greatly change. This waste land has been cleared and in 
the last decade has become verv productive and valuable; and on tlie 
other hand the hill land with extensive farming and washing has de- 
preciated in productiveness and in value. Fifty-five years ago the 
farmers in the hills paid the bulk of the taxes and hence the bulk of 
this bonded indebtedness." 

The Coshocton holdings in the road were subsequentlv swallowed 
in receivership proceedings. The Steubenville & Indiana in coiu'se 
of time became the Pittsburg. Cincinnati. Chicago &■ St. Louis Rail- 
road, more familiarlv the "Panhandle" of the Pennsvlvania l,ines. 


For years William K. Johnson and later his brother, Joseph K. John- 
son, served from this county on the board of directors. 

The railroad brought Coshocton into direct touch with the in- 
dustrial centers of America. Busy Main Street presented a sharp 
contrast to the village roadway of the long ago. The business center 
had shifted from Second Street toward the railroad. The last of the 
stage coach was seen. 

In a newspaper time-table it was advertised that "The Lightning 
Express runs through from Coshocton to Columbus in two hours and 
eighty-five minutes." Those eighty-five minutes must have sounded 

The early railroad days, strangely enough, saw little mining de- 
velopment. The Coshocton County hills past which the S. & L spiked 
its rails had not yet begun to yield their coal riches. As late as 1856 
the Coshocton Democrat deplored the lack of attention given to coal 

That paper then reveled in type that was fringed with whiskers, 
shrieking about the Age's personal abuse, meanness and slander, and 
defending Democratic commissioners against charges of extrava- 
gance. Reporting a slavery debate in a New Castle church the paper 
said "Farmer Waters of Tiverton and of plain, blunt speech enriched 
by a Scotch brogue, talked for an hour about the black Republican 
party. Eli Nichols and his four sons sung out for proofs, and a red- 
headed skeezic got up and kicked around, making an awful noise, all 
to confuse the eloquent farmer who made old Eli grunt at every lick. 
Eli then got up and howled." 

The newspapers of that period were marred by a vulgarity that 
will not be repeated here. As a slight indication, toned down for 
today's reader, the Democrat said of a speaker at a Canal Lewisville 
meeting that he made use of the words "constitution" and "consti- 
tutional" just three hundred and sixty-five times, scratched his head 
with one hand, and the seat of his pants with the other, and caved in, 
evidently out of material. 

The paper charged ballot-box frauds, declaring that non-resident 
railroad workers and other transients voted in the county, all of which 
reminds us that in the frauds and tricks that go to make up the worst 
form of practical politics, the "good old days" were always the equal 
of ours politically and often superior. 




Changing politics througliout the hind had sounded the knell nf 
the Whig in the fifties, but here and there he still held on. This was 
the case in Coshocton County. The partv no longer had its lucal 
organ, the Democratic Whig being supplanted by the Rei)ul)lican 
under Aledill. The \\'higs were slipping fast when they reached for 
the last chance thoughtfully held out by the i)ublisher of the Demo- 
crat, who let them have a column or two in his ])aper to talk to the 

The Whigs in the end had been powerless to keep the question 
of slavery out of politics. All along the Whigs of the North had 
known that opposition to slavery meant breaking with the \\ higs 
of the South who were for slavery above everything else. The an- 
nexation of Texas foreshadowed the importance that slavery was 
soon to assume. With the passing of the \A'hig, those elements in this 
countv that still avoided the subject of slavery joined a movement 
which grew- out of a secret, oath-bound organization, said to have 
been called "The Sons of '76," or "The Order of the Star-Spangled 

Members that had not been admitted to the higher degrees were 
for a w^hile kept in ignorance of the name and purpose of the organ- 
ization, and their answer of "I don't know" to questions regarding 
the society gave them the title of "Know-Nothings." The party held 
secret meetings. It drew voters tired of slavery agitation, and 
ultimatelv revealed itself as opposed to foreigners and the Catholic 
church. What fleeting power it attained in Coshocton L'ounty is told 
in the memoir of Captain B. F. Sells. 


By way of preliminary the captain's brief portrayal of his early 
years gives an insight into the life of the times : young Coshocton then 
had little time for play; a round of wood-chopping, corn planting, 
hoeing, driving cows, picking brush in clearings, raking after the 
cradle in the harvest field, and getting three months' tuition in school 
at two dollars. The girls helped pick brush in the clearing, milked 
and churned, ran the spinning wheel, worked at quilting and sewing, 
while the mothers managed the loom, making linsey for coats and 
trousers, and flannel for dresses. 

It was after young Sells returned from the Mexican War that 
the Democrats nominated him for county auditor, and he went from 
the furniture store to the courthouse. Two years later, 1854, he was 

"By that time," the captain relates, "a new political party, known 
as the Know-Nothing party, had secretly sprung into existence, and 
at the election defeated the whole Democratic ticket, not only in Ohio 
but throughout the country. Our whole county ticket went down in 
the landslide." 

The son of Coshocton's first cabinetmaker went back to the furni- 
ture shop and undertaking business. Gradually the "Know-Nothing" 
or American party lost its identity in the general drift of northern 
Whigs, Free-Soilers, Abolitionists and others toward the new or- 
ganization rallying round the campaign cry, "Free Soil, Free Speech, 
Free Men and Fremont" — the cradle of the Republican party which 
was rocked by many a hand in Coshocton County ; the party destined 
thenceforth to oppose the Democratic party that now included the 
southern \A'higs. 

In this year, 1856, the Rev. William E. Hunt came to the Presby- 
terian church in Coshocton. The frame building, almost hidden by 
the foliage on the Public Square, stood opposite the present Park 
Hotel, and was the first church building erected here. The parsonage 
faced it, across the street. 

The pastor, witnessing the scenes in the swiftly-moving panorama 
then just imfolding in Coshocton life, conferred a public service a 
score of years later by writing his "Historical Collections of Coshoc- 
ton County." Most of those interesting pages were reproduced in 
the compilation by N. N. Hill, Jr., for Graham's history of the county. 
Mr. Hunt's work appeared in Howe's "Historical Collections of 


Ohio" and the "Magazine of Western History." To his record of the 
county special appreciation is due for data included in the Centennial 

Annals of the county's achievements may well forego extended 
reference to criminal records. Murder trials and other court pro- 
ceedings, while important as news in the day's paper and living in 
public memory as noted achievements of the local bar, are not within 
the scope of general history, excepting incidents bearing upon official 
and political conditions. 

On a January day in 1859 the countv was startled by the robbery 
of the treasury. It was after midnight when Hiram Taylor, passing- 
through Court Square, heard a muffled call of "Help!" from the 
treasurer's office. There was a general alarm, the sheriff and others 
forced open the door, and came upon Treasurer Ketchum, bound hand 
and foot and with a gag partly covering his mouth. 

To the roomful which hurriedly gathered at the call of the court- 
house bell he told this story: He had stayed in the office to accom- 
modate witnesses with their fees before they left for home after a 
trial that evening. Two strangers came into the office and asked 
about a delinquent tax. He was examining the books when suddenly 
a shawl enveloped his head, and he was bound and gagged. About 
eighteen thousand dollars was taken from the safe. 

It was not until years afterward that the real story came out. 
As Shakespeare hath it — 

Foul deeds will rise. 
Though all the earth o'erwhelm them, to men's eyes. 

In a country home along Riverside Drive, with a fine lawn and a 
grove of pines, lived a principal actor in this rather melodramatic 
episode. James ^I. Brown had money. ]\Ien who had gone to him 
to borrow told about it to others that needed money. Dire extremity 
pays dearly. Brown quietly added to his. fortune. Had he chosen 
to run for office, he might have posed as a benefactor of the com- 
munity, and found men who paid him well ready to declare no office 
too good for him. 

Though not himself in politics there came a dav when a politician 
turned to him. Samuel Ketchum, county treasurer, had been privately 


speculating and losing. His accounts were heavily overdrawn. He 
wanted a loan from Brown to tide him over. He got it. While the 
treasurer put the money into the county strong box with something 
of relief, Brown carefully folded away a note for eighteen thousand 
dollars and thought unutterable things. 

From time to time the treasurer made payments on the note. 
W'here the money came from was not apparently of particular mo- 
ment. Brown may have known, or he may have suspected. Nothing 
in any of his recorded financial transactions ever indicated any ques- 
tion on that score. Tainted money aroused no delicate compunction. 
Just so it was money. 

Knowing the county treasurer and his atTairs as intimately as 
he did Brown called at intervals for money — and got it from the 
nervous hand of the treasurer, becoming more nervous Avith repeated 
helping from county funds. The strain was beginning to tell on 
Ketchum. He could not nerve himself to defy the other. Yet to go 
on meant ruin and worse. 

The situation was made acute by the approaching examination 
of the treasurer's accounts by the commissioners. Oil the eve of the 
examination Brown came to the ofiice of the troubled official. There 
was a wav out of the mess, simple and easv : a sham robbery to cover 
the whole thing. 

The treasurer thought it all over. As things were, he knew he 
stood in the shadow of the penitentiary; that certain exposure stared 
him in the face tomorrow unless he adopted the expedient that was 
offered. Before assenting to the plot there was one thing he de- 
manded: Brown must give back the notes that he held against him, 
including one secured by the mortgaged home in West Lafayette. 
But Brown hadn't the paper with him ; he would give it all back later, 
along with a share of the night's loot from the treasury. 

And so Ketchum handed over the keys, and Brown bound and 
gagged him in the most approved burglar style; then carried away 
everv dollar. Following the mysterious robberv people sympathized 
with the treasurer, and there was much hunting by old sleuth and 
voung sleuth, but no one looked in the courthouse. 

By degrees suspicion was directed toward the man on the river 
road. He had presented a package of stained and musty currency 
to a Cadiz bank for redemption. He was seen with unusually large 


rolls of money and told of getting it from Kentucky people, but inquiry 
revealed none such. 

The net was tightening. Action was brought against him. 
Whether or not he suspected betrayal, he turned on Ketchum with a 
suit for four thousand dollars which was alleged to be due on a note. 
Then Ketchum told the story as outlined here, and he and Brown 
were tried. 

The celebrated case was fought two years and carried to the Su- 
preme Court. Ketchum's attorneys were Voorhees and Campbell, 
Brown's were Nicholas and James, and the State counsel included 
Spangler, Dimmock and Sample. It was a decade after the robbery 
when the prisoners were sentenced to five years. Ketchum's health 
broke, he was pardoned and came to his home in West Lafayette to 
die. Brown was pardoned later. His property was sold, but court 
expenses swallowed the proceeds, and the treasury never got back 
its own. 

Meanwhile the mind and heart of the county knew deeper trouble. 
The shadow of the black slave was clouding the destiny of men. 
Fremont had lost, but the cause lived and grew and elected Abraham 
Lincoln president on the Republican platform against slavery, and 
for a protective tariff, and condemning threats of secession. The 
South seceded, and the nation faced the crisis of '6i. 



strike — for your altars and your fires; 
Strilie — for the green graves of your sires, 
Gofl and your native land. 

In all the land no hearts responded quicker to this stirring appeal 
of Fitz-Greene Halleck's lines than did our boys of Coshocton County. 
Two thousand five hundred strong — that is the impressive showing 
of troops enlisted from here in defense of the Union. At this writing, 
1909, forty-four years since Lee surrendered at Appomattox, there 
are four hundred of the boys in our county, the last of the two thou- 
sand five hundred who wore the good old blue. 

E^-ery Memorial Day, from farm, shop, store and office, come 
those of the four hundred, strong enough to march to the graves of 
their comrades. Every year is thinning the ranks of the survivors 
of the world's greatest tragedy. The wavering line is a reminder 
of all that was done for this country. For the boys in blue the Nation 
can never do too much. 

And may our people never forget the graves in our cemeteries 
marked by the shield and flag — -"On Fanie's eternal camping ground 
their silent tents are spread; and glory guards with every round the 
bivouac of the dead." 

In the ranks of the living .are those who knew torturing marches, 
the fever camps, the swarming hospitals, the screeching shells, the 
roaring cannon, the racking agony of a thousand ordeals, and some 
even who survived the horrors of Andersonville and other rebel 
prisons where thousands starved and rotted. 

Within forty-eight hours from President Lincoln's call for troops 
men met in Coshocton to summon volunteers of the countv to the 



courthouse. And the volunteers came — a historic assembly that sent 
up mighty cheer on cheer for the earnest eloquence of John D. 
Nicholas and Josiah Given and Richard Lanning. 

Enrolling was quick work. Judge R. ]\I. Voorhees of the Circuit 
Court, who is among the few in the county today that went through 
those memorable hours when history was warm in the making, was 
first to sign. X'. R. Tidball was already commissioned to raise a com- 
pany. A. Al. Williams headed a paper with a hundred dollars for 
the maintenance of volunteers' families, and two thousand dollars 
was subscribed. In the homes needles were flying to make clothing 
for the volunteers. The daughters of Roscoe gave their soldiers 

Coshocton resounded with martial music. An unprecedented 
gathering in Main Street saw the first volunteers march from Court 
Square to the station. A silk flag, the gift of women, was presented 
to the boys. The band struck up as the train rolled in. Roaring, 
thundering cheers rose from the crowd surging round. The boys 
reached down from the car steps for the last clasp of hands raised 
to them. Women's handkerchiefs fluttered as the train drew out, and 
then hid eyes that no longer held back the tears. 

Coshocton's first troops became part of the Sixteenth Ohio Volun- 
teer Infantry — the "Carrington Guards" as they were called after 
the Adjutant General. They preceded the other Sixteenth Ohio that 
enlisted for three years' service. The roll here is from the official 
roster of Ohio soldiers given by the State Commission. 

Among those first to respond to their country's call and who won 
honor on the battlefield is Dr. Jesse McClain's father, Richard \\'. 
McClain, who served in the ^Mexican V\'a.r. From Captain of Co. D 
in the Sixteenth he became Major, then Lieutenant Colonel, and in 
1863 Colonel of the fighting Fifty-first. In the battle of Chickamauga 
he was taken prisoner fighting on the line with a musket. His captors 
demanded that he surrender his sword. The Colonel flatly refused to 
give it up except to an officer of his own rank. They threatened to 
shoot him, but his iron will was unshaken by the sight of the rebel 
guns leveled at him. The prisoner's admirable courage triumphed. 
His life was spared, and they held him in Libby prison until an 
exchange was efifected. He returned to his regiment and conducted 


it through the Atlanta campaign. When his commission expired in 
1864 he came home to his farm. 

The Sixteenth Ohio, as part of McClellan's army, was moved 
across the Ohio to guard the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in West Vir- 
ginia, where the enemy burned bridges and killed citizens at Farm- 
ington and Fairmount. The Coshocton boys were actively engaged 
before Phillippi in June, 1861, and a week later in the expedition of 
Romney, engagements making for the successful issue of the West 
Virginia campaign. Colonel James Irvine of Coshocton commanded 
the regiment. 


Three Months' Service. 

Company A. 

^Mustered in April 2y, 1861. Mustered out August 18, 1861. 

In this company were volunteers who afterward re-enlisted in 
other companies, which see : 

John D. Nicholas, Captain. 

David W. Marshall, First Lieutenant — Appointed Adjutant. 

James M. McClintock, First Lieutenant— Promoted from Second 

Nicholas R. Tidball, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First 

Richard M. A^oorhees, First Sergeant — -Promoted from Corporal 
appointed First Lieutenant, Company F, Sixty-fifth O. V. I., promoted 
to Captain; wounded in battle of Stone River, 1862; transferred to 
Veteran Reserve Corps ; detailed as judge advocate and member of 
court martial. 

Charles Donley, Sergeant 

Luther L. Cantwell, Sergeant 

William H. Coe, Sergeant 

William Torrey, Sergeant 

John M. Carhartt. Sergeant — Appointed Lieutenant Company M, 
Ninth O. V. C. 

Thomas J. Roney, Corporal 

Alonzo Barton, Corporal 

Lester P. Emerson, Corporal 

Carl Mosher, Corporal 

George W. Smailes, Musician 




Akeroyd, Joseph B. 
Bamford, James 
Bassett, Warren W. 
Beardsley, Robert B. 
Brelsford, Hiram W. 
Broas. Richard ^I. C. 
Carnahan, James C. 
Carnahan, John 
Carnes, Thomas J. 
Catherwood, David ^^^ 
Compton, Samuel 
Cooper, James P. 
Cooper, Joseph 
Cowee, Alerrel E. 
Cox. George ^^^ 
Davis, Singleton W. 
Davis, William 
Decker, Harrison H. 
Dimmock, John H. P. 
Dougherty, Patrick S. 
Doyle, \\'illiam 
Easton, James 
Edwards, Thomas J. 
Ellis, Sylvester A. 
Farmer, Francis H. 
Gadden, Josiah 
Grundish, George 
Hackinson, Robert 
Hagelbarger, Henry 
Harper, Sidney 
Hay, James H. 
Hay, William 
Humphrey, Christopher 
Hutchinson, Thomas C. 
Jack, George F. 
Lawbaugh, Alfred P. 
Whalen, John Wier, John 

Loder, John W. 

Longshore, Jonathan S. 

Lynch, John 

McClure, James 

McMath, Adonis 

McMichael, Charles 

McNabb, Solomon 

McPherson, Jesse 

Madden, Simon B. 

Miller, Peter 

Mills, John 

Aloffatt, George 

Alorris, Amos 

Newell, Thomas 

Nicholas, William 

Norris, Harmon 

North, John 

Patton, John 

Patton, \\'illiam 

Pike, Charles 

Porter, John 

Raymond, Marvin P. 

Richards, William H. H. 

Richardson, Robert S. 

Robinson, W. H. 

Roney, Hamilton 

Ross, John D. 

Shaffer, George 

Simmons, John M. 

Stallard, David ^^■. 

Stevenson, Benjamin A. 

Stonehocker. James 

Suitt, Julian 

Sykes, George 

Vanhorn, George 

Welling, James 

Winn, Isaac N. Wrey, James 



Company D 
Mustered in April 27, 1861. Mustered out August 18, 1861. 
In this company were volunteers who afterward re-enlisted in 
other companies, which see. 

Richard W. McClain, Captain 
Willis C. Workman, First Lieutenant 
Albert Shaw, Second Lieutenant 
William Moore, First Sergeant 
John Humphrey, Sergeant 
Sampson McNeal, Sergeant 
James R. Johnson, Sergeant 
Thomas B. Ferren, Corporal 
William Ringwalt, Corporal 
Thomas J. Cook, Corporal 
Henry Forest, Corporal 
Benjamin F. Ingraham, Musician 


Baird, George W. 
Baker, Isaiah 
Barth, Frederick C. 
Bassett, Jesse 
Bassett, Nicholas H. 
Bible, Harrison 
Bird, Henry 
Bird, Thomas B. 
Blaser, Frederick 
Bonts, John 
Brown, Robert 
Bryant, William H. 
Campbell, Edward N. 
Carnahan, Nathan S. 
Clark, Charles 
Cochran, James M. 
Cochran, Joseph P. 
Cochran, Matthew D. 
Cochran, Washington L. 
Copeland, John 

Coterel, Franklin 
Cox, Richard 
Coy, William H. 
Crooks, James M. 
Crooks, John 
Crooks, Lewis 
Davis, James 
Davis, John 
Derr, William 
Dobson, Thomas 
Ellis, Leroy 
Ellis, Simeon H. 
Ely, Abraham 
Ely, Isaac 
Evans, Jacob H. 
Foster, John 
Goff, Thomas 
Haynes, Francis D. 
Henderson, J. Nelson 
Hoobler, Samuel 



House, \\'illiam R. 
Johnson, George \\'. 
Jones, Benjamin 
Lahr, Jacob 
Lamma, Andrew J. 
Latham, George W. 
McConnell, John 
McCune, James M. 
McElfresh, Zachariah 
McFadden, Simpson 
Mack, Reuben A. 
Martin, John H. 
Matheny, Henry 
Mat son, George 
Miller, John 
Miller, Joseph T. 
Miller, William T. 
Milligan, John C. 
Morgan, Marcellus 
Myers. John 
Newel. Franklin 
Ogle, John 
Parrish, John 
Phillips, Joseph 
Pierce, Robert 
Piatt, Allen H. 
Plummer, John \\\ 

Poland, Ezekiel 
Porter, Levi 
Richardson, Osborn 
Richardson, Thomas 
Rogers, Thomas 
Seres, James 
Sherer, Anthony W. 
Shuck, William 
Sipes, James M. 
Snell, Michael 
Snyder, Alfred 
Snyder, Morgan 
Steel, Basil 
Stephens. Samuel 
Sternburgh, Jacob 
Strieker, Jacob 
Sturtiss, Dennison 
Thacker, Palestine 
Thomas. Eli W. 
Tislen, Charles W. 
\\'iggins, Edward 
Williams. Alexander 
Wilson, Adias N. 
Wilson. James B. 
Wilson. John \\'. 
Zimmerman. Harvey 
Zook, James A. 

With the expiration of their ninety days' enlistment the volunteers 
came back to Coshocton and were welcomed by many at the station. 
Everything was given up to war. The country had come to realize 
this rebellion was not to be put down in three months. Trainload 
after trainload of troops were on their way through Coshocton to the 
front. ]\lore volunteers were enlisting in the county. Young women 
proclaimed through the local press that they would marry no home 

Tosiah Given began organizing a company while the first Coshoc- 
ton volunteers were fighting in the enemy's country. His dis- 
tinguished service at the front in after years won the high appreciation 


of General Johnson. From Captain of Company K, Twenty-fourth 
Ohio, he ranked as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Eighteenth Ohio, and 
was promoted to Colonel of the Seventy-fourth Ohio, the regiment 
which he commanded in the historic battles of Chickamauga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge. For more than three months in the 
Atlanta campaign his regiment was under fire almost daily. The 
Seventy-fourth stormed the rebel strongholds at Buzzard Roost and 
Resaca, and took part in the engagements at Kenesaw Mountain, 
Chattahoochie River, Peach Tree Creek, and in front of Atlanta. 
The Colonel led the regiment in charge after charge on the strongly 
intrenched double line at Jonesboro, breaking through swamp and 
thicket under the murderous fire of troops celebrated as most obstinate 
fighters in the rebel army. But the enemy was driven out of his 
works. After the war Colonel Given went to Iowa. 

The Twenty-fourth Ohio, assigned to Tenth Brigade, Fourth 
Division, Army of the Ohio, was in these battles: 

Cheat Mountain, \\. Va., September 12 and 13, 1861. 

Greenbrier, W. Va., October 3, 1861. 

Shiloh, Tenn., April 6 and 7, 1862. 

Occupation of Corinth, Miss., May 30, 1862. 

Perrysville, Ky., October 8, 1862. 

Stone River, Tenn., December 31, 1862; January i and 2, 1863. 

Woodbury, Tenn., January 24, 1863. 

Tullahoma Campaign, Tenn., June 23-30, 1863. 

Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-20, 1863. 

Lookout Mountain, Tenn., November 24, 1863. 

Mission Ridge, Tenn., November 25, 1863. 

Ringgold, Ga. (Taylor's Ridge), November 27, 1863. 

Buzzard Roost, Ga. (Rocky Face Ridge), February 25-27, 1864.- 

Three Years' Service. 
Company K 
Mustered in June 13, 1861. Mustered out June 23, 1864. 
Josiah Given, Captain — Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Eight- 
eenth Ohio, and to Colonel Seventy-fourth Ohio. 
James R. Inskeep, First Lieutenant. 


A. J. Garrison, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Sergeant and 
Second Lieutenant. 

Gabriel B. Stitt, Second Lieutenant. 

Andrew Davis, Sergeant. 

George AlcConnell, Sergeant — Died at Manchester, Tenn., 1863. 

George B. Johnson, Sergeant. 

WilHam B. Knowldon, Sergeant. 

Robert A. Campbell, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; trans- 
ferred to Signal Corps. 

John Cox, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

William Darnes, Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

Jacob Evans, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Edward \\'ells. Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

David Horton, Corporal — Died at Nashville, Tenn., 1862. 

Jacob Strieker, Corporal — Died at Camp Dennison, Ohio, from 
wounds received in battle of Shiloh, Tenn. ; interred in Spring Grove 
Cemetery, Cincinnati. 

Joseph A\'ier, Corporal — Killed in battle of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Edward Sterman, Corporal. 

Robert H. Chapman, Corporal. 

A. D. Green, Corporal. 

James G. Butler. Corporal — Transferred to Veteran Reserve 
Corps, 1864. 

Alonzo C. Pocock, Corporal — Promoted to Sergeant. 

John C. Almack, Corporal — Transferred to A^eteran Reserve 
Corps, 1863. 

David Hagans, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John N. Johnson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John C. Jennings, Corporal — Promoted from Private; captured in 
battle of Chickamauga, Ga. : died in Rebel Prison at Anderson- 
ville, Ga. 

Martin S. Neighbor, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

David R. Norris, Musician. 

John Wier, Wagoner. 


Adams, ]\Iichael — Wounded in battle of Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., 

Almack, Joseph P. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 


Babcock, John — Captured in battle of Chickamauga, Ga. 

Bigelow, Francis. 

Boggs, Thomas 

Baker, Charles — Died from wounds received in battle of Shiloh, 
Tenn., 1862. 

Barnes, Daniel B. 

Bryan, Edward E. 

Campbell, Matthew — Died at Nashville, Tenn., 1865. 

Campbell, Albert B. 

Clark, George G. — Detached 1864 in band. Third Brigade, First 
Division, Fourth Army Corps. 

Clute, William H. 

Cunning, Thomas J. 

Carpenter, Joseph — Died at Nashville, Tenn., 1863. 

Carpenter, Reuben^Died at Nashville, Tenn., 1862. 

Cochran, Jacob — Fatally wounded in railroad accident, 1862. 

Carpenter, George — W^ounded in battle of Cheat Mountain, W. 
Va., 1861. 

Corbit, John. 

Curtis, Archibald — Transferred to Fourth U. S. Calvary. 

Cooper, P. L. — Promoted to Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Dunlap, John W. 

Douglass, William — ^Wounded in battle of Shiloh, Tenn., 1862. 

DeCamp, Samuel — Wounded in battle of Shiloh, Tenn, 

Endermshley, John — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; died in 
Rebel Prison at Andersonville, Ga. 

Fox, Robert R. — Detailed in hospital at Nashville, 1862. 
Farquhar, Samuel. 

Fessenden, Linneus 

Gardner, Robert C. 

Gunder, Conrad. 

Guenther, Philip — Transferred to Fourth U. S. Cavalry. 

Hooker, John H. 

Hagans, Joseph K. 

House, Samuel — Promoted to Hospital Steward. 

Johnson, Leroy. 

Johnson, William A. — Wounded in battle of Chickamauga, Ga., 


Johnson. Charles. 

Johnson, Robert L. 

Kiggins, Francis — Died 1863 from wounds received in battle of 
Stone River, Tenn., 1862. 

King, John B. 

Lovitt, Reason. 

Leavitt, Gideon. 

Lent, Lewis. 

Mardis, Robinson. 

Martter, Francis. 

Miller, John — Wounded in battle of Stone River. 

Alayhew, George. 

Mang, Michael — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Musgrove, Adolphus — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Alordis, Amos. 

Powell, Joseph F. 

Plummer, Griffith. 

Rose. Thomas B. 

Richard, William R. 

Sills, William H. 

Schorth, Barnhart — Died 1863 from wounds received in battle 
of Stone River, Tennessee, 1862. 

Strieker, Joseph — Died at Camp Wickliff, Kentucky, 1862. 

Smith, Hamilton. 

Schoonover, Isaac. 

Schoonover, William F. 

Shaw, Joseph H. 

Salyards, Samuel H. 

Trott. John A. 

Trimble. Chauncey — Detached in Pioneer Corps. 

Timmons, Rolla. 

Thompson, John N. 

Tumblin, Reuben G. — Died at St. Louis, Mo., 1862. 

Trott, James. 

Trainer, Daniel. 

Vankirk, John — Died at St. Louis, Mo., 1862. 

Vansickle, Andrew. 


White, William A. — ^Wounded in battle of Stone River, Ten- 

Watson, William. 

Wiggins, John E. 

Wackerly, Joseph. 

Zook, John. 

In the foregoing appears the first of our Chickamauga loss, met 
all too often in succeeding pages of the Coshocton County roster. Our 
greatest loss is recorded at Stone River, the victory that cost heavily. 
Next to that in the record of Coshocton boys who fought their last 
fight comes Kenesaw Mountain; then Mission Ridge. 

As soon as Company K of the Twenty-fourth left Coshocton an- 
other was organized by Wilson M. Stanley of Newcastle Township, 
which became Company K of the Thirty-second Ohio, and served 
under Fremont in the Shenandoah Valley. It assisted in the defense 
of Harper's Ferry. There the whole command was unaccountably 
surrendered, for which Colonel Thomas H. Ford was arrested and 
dismissed. Many of the regiment, paroled at Camp Douglas, Chi- 
cago, left for home. Colonel Potts brought the men together, sum- 
marily dismissed officers for inciting revolt, and the regiment reported 
to General Grant who assigned it to Third Division, Seventeenth Army 
Corps, in Sherman's advance against Atlanta. The splendid courage 
of the soldiers in this regiment won exceptional praise from 
Brigadier-General Leggett. Only half the regiment was left at the 
muster out. 

The Thirty-second Ohio was in the following engagements : 

Greenbrier, W. Va., Oct. 3, 1861. 

Camp Allegheny, W. Va., Dec. 13, 1861. 
. McDowell, Va., May 8. 1862. 

Cross Keys, Va., June 8, 1862. 

Port Republic, Va., June 9, 1862. 

Harper's Ferry, Va., Sept. 12-15, 1862. 

Port Gibson, Miss., May i, 1863. 

Raymond, Miss., May 12, 1863. 

Jackson, Miss., May 14, 1863. 

Champion Hills, Miss., May 16, 1863. 

Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18 to July 4, 1863. 

Baker's Creek, Miss., Feb. 4, 1864. 


Clinton, Miss., Feb. 5, 1864. 
Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 9 to 30, 1864. 
Nickajack Creek, Ga., July 6-10, 1864. 
Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864. 

Atlanta, Ga., Hood's first sortie and through the siege, July 22 
to Sept. 4, 1864. 

Siege of Savannah, Ga., Dec. 10 to 21, 1864. 
Fayetteville, N. C, March 13, 1865. 
Bentonville, N. C, March 19-21, 1865. 

Company K 

Mustered in August 31, 1861. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 

Wilson M. Stanley, Captain — Resigned at Beverly, \\\ Va., 1862. 

E. ^^^ James, Captain — Promoted from Sergeant, Second Lieu- 
tenant and First Lieutenant; resigned 1864. 

E. Z. Hays, Captain — Promoted from Private, Second and First 
Lieutenant : captured at Cross Keys, Ya. 

Clarkson C. Nichols, First Lieutenant — Resigned at Beverly, 
\Y. \'a., 1862. 

John W. Stanton, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Corporal; 
appointed Adjutant, 1863; captured at Harper's Ferry; paroled and 
sent to Camp Douglas, Chicago. 

George Jack, Second Lieutenant — Resigned at Beverly, W. Va., 

John Thompson, Second Lieutenant — Appointed from Private 
and Sergeant; promoted to First Lieutenant, Co. C. 

John Porter, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from Private and 

James H. Pigman, First Sergeant — Promoted from Private; 
wounded at McDowell, Va. ; captured at Harper's Ferry ; paroled. 

William H. H. Jennings, First Sergeant — Promoted from Private ; 
captured at Harper's Ferry; paroled. 

Cornelius P. A'ankirk, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

James W. Sipes, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

C. P. Crawford, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

R. Marshman, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

Adam Morgan, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 


John N. Beall, Sergeant — Promoted from Private; died from 
wounds received in action near Atlanta, 1864. 

John McDonald, Sergeant — Promoted to Second Lieutenant. 

Jacob A. Matticks, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John D. Cooper, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Piatt Williamson, Corporal — Promoted from Private 

Levi Porter, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Joshua Musser, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Robert Leavitt, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William Wise, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Cornelius Austin, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Edward Campbell, Corporal — Promoted from Private; detached 
in recruiting service, 1863. 

William McNabb, Corporal — Appointed from Fifer. 

Samuel Campbell, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

Zachariah McElfresh, Corporal — Promoted from Private; killed 
on picket near Atlanta, 1864. 

William Coggins, Corporal. 

Edward N. Campbell, Musician. 

Joseph C. Taylor, Musician. 


Arney, John — Died at Cheat Mountain, W. Va., 1861. 

Bassett, W. W. — Detailed in Quartermaster Department. 

Barrett, Edward. 

Barcroft, R. L. 

Bailey, Alfred — Died at Cheat Mountain, W. Va., 1861. 

Bassett, Henry G. — Died at Vicksburg, Miss., 1863, from wounds 
received in action at Harper's Ferry. 

Berry, Joseph R. 

Carnes, T. J. — Transferred to Signal Corps. 

Crawford, Samuel — Killed in battle of Atlanta, 1864. 

Carnes, Adam — Detached as Scout ; piloted the steamer Moderator 
past the blockade of Vicksburg, Miss., and Grand Gulf. 

Conley, John W. — Detailed in Quartermaster's Department as 

Courtright. Richard — Detailed in Division Quartermaster's De- 

Croft, Hiram. 

Am^ SWl^iWM 


Carnes, James. 

Cochran, Matthew D. — Wounded in action at Harper's Ferry. 

Crago, Wilham — \\'ounded in action at Harper's Ferry. 

Crago, Jesse D. — Wounded in battle of McDowell, Va., 1862. 

Cochran. Thomas J. — Promoted in 9th O. Y. Cavalry. 

Cox, William — Died 1S62 from wounds received in battle of 
McDowell, Va. 

Carr, Nelson C. 

Clark, Samuel. 

Dusenberry, \\'illiam. 

Davis, James. 

Derringer, David. 

Derringer, \A'illiam C. 

Ellis, Alexander C. — Wounded in battle of ^^IcDowell, Va., 1862. 

Felver, Morgan. 

Fisher, Henry. 

Gonder, John C. — Died at Dresden, O., 1862. 

Gonder, Daniel A. 

Hays, John T. — Detailed in Quartermaster's Department. 

Hess, Thomas K. — Wounded in battle of Camp Allegheny, \A'. Vs.., 

Hogle, Webster. 

Jack, Andrew. 

Jones, Benjamin — Died at Mohawk, O., 1863. 

Kitchen, Joseph — Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., 1864, from wounds 
received in action near Atlanta. 

Lynch, John J. — Killed in action in rear of \'icksburg. Miss., 1863. 

Lindsey, Jerome B. — Died from wounds received in action on 
Marjdand Heights, 1862. 

Matheny, Henry. 

McQuiston, John W'. 

McClain, Sylvester H. — Detailed in artillery service. 

Mathias, William — Detailed in Quartermaster's Department. 

^Murray, Charles. 

McComber, John B. — Transferred to Signal Corps. 

Norris, Francis — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

O'Brien, Patrick. 

Porter, James. 


Pierce, George W. Schoonover, Daniel. 

Robertson, James. Shulty, Martin. 

Rirrie, John. Smith, Washington. 

Smith, Hamilton. Strieker, Absalom B. 

Sondles, John. Shaw, Warren W. 

Seward, Thomas C. — Drowned in the Mississippi at Grand Gulf, 

Seward, George W. — Transferred to Signal Corps. 

Solinger, James H. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Tracy, David W. — Died 1864 from wounds received in action. 

Tubbs, James. 

Tompkins, Johnson — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Tuttle. George — Died at Vicksburg, ]\Iiss., 1863, from typhoid 

Utter, \Mlliam. 

Wells, Wilson. 

Welling, William D. 

Woods, Edward — Died at Keene, O., 1864, from smallpox. 

W'elling, Samuel D. Welling, Da\'id. 

All the summer of '61 Coshocton County was astir with organiza- 
tion of troops. There were meetings attended 'by thousands. The 
daughters of Keene, Columbia gowned with waists of starry blue and 
striped skirts in red and white, gave color to a great Union meeting 
in Chili grove. 

The covmty organized five companies for the Fifty-first Ohio. 
This regiment, the half of it Coshocton, won high honor for its cour- 
ageous part in famous battles. A look through the roster shows where 
our boys fought — shows who fell on the bloody field of Stone River, 
in the terrible fight at Chickamauga, the gallant charge on Mission 

When Colonel McClain was captured, the command devolved upon 
Second Lieutenant E. J. Pocock of Company F, who had been pro- 
moted from Sergeant of Company H. He commanded at Lookout 
Mountain and Mission Ridge, was wounded at Resaca. and was ap- 
pointed Brigade Quartermaster in 1865. 

The story of the battles in which our boys fought fills intensely in- 
teresting pages of general history. It is not within the scope of this 
local work to q-o into fields so fully covered bv \Aniitelaw Reid's 


"Ohio in the War," the "Military History of Ohio," and countless 
other chronicles of the years from Sumter to Appomattox. To give 
complete individual representation by naming the soldiers of Coshoc- 
ton County is the most that can be undertaken within the allotted 
space ; and the compilation herein is the result of the combined con- 
tributions of men who went through those historic days — John M. 
Compton, W. H. King, A. H. Thomson, Joseph Love, T. H. Glover — ■ 
amplified by the records of the State Roster Commission and the last 
county returns canvassed by Auditor C. R. Randies. A few enlist- 
ments from Tuscarawas and other adjoining counties are retained in 
the company rosters. 

The Fifty-first Ohio bore honorable part in these engagements : 

Dobson's Ferry, Tenn., Dec. 9, 1862 ("Cos. D, F and I. ) 

Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862, to Jan. 2, 1863. 

Rosecrans' Campaign from Murfreesboro to Tullahoma, Tenn., 
June 2Ti to 30, 1863. 

Ringgold, Ga., Sept. 11, 1863. 

Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 10-20, 1863. 

Lookout Mountain, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1863. 

Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 2=,. 1863. 

Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., May 7, 1864. 

Resaca, Ga., May 13 to 16, 1864. 

New Hope Church, Ga., June 2, 1864. 

Big Shanty, Ga., June 11, 1864. 

Kenesaw JMountain, Ga.. June to 30, 1864. 

Smyrna Camp Ground, Ga., July 2 to 5, 1864. 

Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864. 

Jonesboro, Ga., Aug. 31 to Sept. i, 1864. 

Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1864. 

Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15-16, 1864. 

On the Atlanta campaign from Resaca to Jonesboro the Fifty- 
first was almost daily under fire. One of the regiments sent back to 
drive Hood out of Tennessee it fought at Spring Hill, was in reserve 
at Franklin, engaged in both days' fighting at Nashville, and pursued 
Hood's retreat, knee deep in mud and water, to Lexington, Ala., then 
camped at Huntsville, Ala., went by rail to Strawberry Plains, and 
returned to Nashville. The regiment was assigned to duty at \"ic- 
toria, Tex., until mustered out. 



Company C 

Mustered in Sept. 17, 1861. Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865. 

Benjamin F. Heskett, Captain — Died from wounds received in 
battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863; grave in Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Philip Everhart, Captain — Promoted from Sergeant, Second and 
First Lieutenant. 

Sampson McNeal, First Lieutenant — Transferred from Co. I; 
promoted from Second Lieutenant; captured in battle of Chickamauga; 
escaped from Rebel Prison, Andersonville. 

Allen Gaskill, First Lieutenant — Promoted to Captain Co. I. 

Benjamin F. Jones, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First 
Sergeant, Co. D. 

James Stonehocker, Second Lieutenant — Promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant, Co. G. 

Albert Dent, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from Private and 

John Winklepleck, First Sergeant — Died from wounds received in 
battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863; grave in Nashville. 

John Carruthers, First Sergeant — Appointed from Private; pro- 
moted to Second Lieutenant, Co. K. 

Francis H. \A'olfe. First Sergeant — Appointed from Private and 

Lester P. Emerson, Sergeant — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

William H. Lyons, Sergeant. 

Thomas Rogers, Sergeant — Captured in battle of Chickamauga, 
Ga., and died in Rebel Prison, Andersonville, 1864; grave 3,400. 

William C. Hawk, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal : wounded 
at Stone River. 

Charles \\'. Birch, Sergeant — Promoted from Private: missing in 
battle of Chickamauga. 

John B. Ginther, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

Lemuel J. Simmers, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and 

Jesse Riggle, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; wounded at 

William Stonebrook, Corporal. 

William J. Norris, Corporal. 


Wesley Barge, Corporal. 

Isaac W. Sayers, Corporal — Died at Cleveland, Tenn., 1864; grave 
in Chattanooga. 

Moses Whittemore, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Ezekiel Grewell, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Joseph A. Carr, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William Engle, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Peter Dickey, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Chapman Burr, Musician — Transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

James M. Emerson, Musician. 


Babcock, Arnold — ^^'ounded and captured at Stone River ; three 
months in Libby Prison. 

Berkshire, Thomas. 

Bremer, John W. 

Burr, Milton. 

Carnahan, Alexander. 

Carnahan, David — Died at Camp Wickliffe, Ky.. 1862; grave in 
London, Ky. 

Carr. J. P. 

Caton, Everhart — Died at Camp ^^'icklifFe, Ky., 1862; grave in 
London, Ky. 

Chandler, D. J. 

Childs, S. M. — Enlisted in 5th L'. S. Artillery, 1862. 

Cosgrave, Thomas. 

Cosgrave, Andrew H. 

Croghan, William. 

Cutshall, Emanuel. 

Davis, William H. — Wounded in action. 

De Walt, Robert — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Emerson, Sewell S. 

Ferrell, Joseph. 

Ferrell. Isaac. 

Ford, Robert B. 

Ford, Harvey. 

Goodhue, James. 

Graham, Abner. 

Gray, Joseph M. ' 


Grewell, Daniel. 

Hahn, John J. 

Hahn, James H. 

Hardy, William H. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Harbold, Jacob. 

Higbee, Lewis M. 

Holliday, Milton. 

Hevalow, Benjamin — Missing in battle of Chickamauga, 1863. 

Honald, Jesse A. 

Hursey, George — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Huston, George — Died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 1862. 

Landers, Nicholas — Killed in action near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 
1864; grave 351, Sec. G, Marietta, Ga. 

Long, John — Wounded in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863. 

Long, George W. — Transferred to Co. F. 

McFee, ^^'illiam. 

Miller, Jacob — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Miller, Samuel. 

Mouder, Isaac — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Nargney, Martin V. — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Neighbor, Jacob W. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Norris, Marquis — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps.. 

Norris, Joseph B. 

Norris, William C. 

Norris, Isaiah — Died at Coshocton, 1864. 

Norris, Isaac — Detailed teamster and blacksmith. 

dinger, David — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; died in Rebel 
Prison, Andersonville, Ga., 1864; grave 1,569. 

Powers, Henry. 

Ripley, James A. 

Robinson, Alexander M. — Transferrel to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Rosenbaugh, J. G. — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Scott, Absalom — Killed in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863; 
grave 13, Sec. D, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Scott, Robert — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Sells, George W. — Transferred to Co. K. 

Shannon, Thomas. 

Smith, Moses — Died at Nashville, 1862; grave 321. 


Simmers, John T. — Transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Snyder, George. 

Sondles, David. 

Sourbrey, Charles. 

Spalding-, Thomas — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Spalding, Freeman — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Spears, Samuel H. — Killed in action near Kenesaw ^fountain, 
1S64, grave 352, Sec. G, Marietta, Ga. 

Steffy, Leonard — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Stewart, Clark — Died from wounds received in battle of Stone 
River, Tenn., 1863. 

Stonehocker, Jacob D. — Transferred to Co. F. 

Stonehocker, ^^'illiam. 

Stonehocker, Robert. 

Timmerman, Clark — Transferred to Signal Corps. 

Williamson, E. 

^^'ise, George. 

Wolfe, W. H. 

Wolfe, John. 

Wood, David L. C. — Wounded at Kenesaw ^Mountain. 

With Date of Entering Service. 

John Corbitt, Corporal — 1864, missing in action near Resaca, Ga. 

George \\'. Bradshaw, Corporal — 1864, killed in action near 
Dallas, Ga., 1864; grave at Marietta, Ga. 

PMailip Hawk, Musician — 1864. 

Beas, Philip— 1865. 

Beatenhead, Peter — 1S64. 

Beavers, Isaac — 1864. 

Benedick, Levi — 1864. 

Cain, David — 1864. 

Carruthers, Robert — 1862. 

Carruthers, Lemuel — 1862, died at ]\Iurfreesboro, Tenn.. 1863; 
grave 315, Sec. E. 

Chance, Jonathan — 1864. 

Corbit, William — 1864. 


Crawford, Hillary — 1864, died in ist Division Hospital, Central 
District of Texas, 1S65, grave at Galveston. 

Cutshall, Jacob — 1864. 

Elson, David AI.— 1864. 

Fisher, Isaiah — 1864. 

Frew, Robert J. — 1864. 

Gorsline, Samuel — 1864. 

Hedge, Aaron G. — 1865. 

Hedge, Porter — 1865. 

HefHing, John W.— 1865. 

Hinds, Elisha — 1864. 

Holsworth, Ernst — 1864. 

Hothem, John — 1S64. 

Howard, John L. — 1864, died at Chattanooga from wounds re- 
ceived in action. 

Huff, Benjamin — 1865. 

Kist, Thomas J. — 1864. 

Knowles, John S. — 1864. 

Kughler, John — 1864. 

Lawson, Samuel S. — 1864. 

Lee, AMlliam 'M. — 1864. 

Lembel, Jacob — 1864. 

Long. Albert — 1864. 

McClain, William C. — 1864, died on Hospital Train near Chatta- 
nooga, grave 257, Sec. L. 

McCormick, Frederick — 1864, died at Chattanooga, grave 224, 
Sec. E. 

McFarland, David— 1864. 

McFee, William, No. 2—1864. 

McPeek, William — 1864, transferred to Co. E and A. 

Mardis, Francis — 1864. 

Maugherman, Adam — 1864. 

Meadly, Elisha — 1864, transferred from Co. E. 

Miller, Samuel, No. 2 — 1864. 

Milligan, Thomas — 1864. 

Moore, Isaiah — 1864, from Co. E. 

Neighbor, Richard — 1864. 

Neighbor, Jacob — 1864. 


Newton. Charles R. — 1864. 

Palmer, Leander — 1864. 

Philabaum, George — 1864. 

Pinkerton, Lafayette — 1864, died at Xashville; grave 314, Sec. J- 

Richmond. James J- — 1865. died at Green Lake. Tex., grave at 
Victoria, Tex. 

Ringer, James — 1862. 

Robinson, James D. — 1864. 

Roller. Jacob— 1862. 

Schoonover, John — 1S64, wounded at Peach Tree Creek. 

Schwab, Daniel — 1864. 

Shafer, George — 1864. 

Shanks, Ezra — 1865. 

Shannon. Samuel — 1864. died from wounds received in action 
near Kenesaw [Mountain. Ga., grave 1,034. Sec. A, [Marietta, Ga. 

Shepperd. John C. — 1864. 

Shultz, ^^'illiam — 1864, from Co. E, died at Huntsville, Ala., 1865, 
grave 612. Sec. L. Chattanooga. 

Smith. Alexander — 1864. transferred to \>teran Reserve Corps. 

Simmers. Daniel A\'. — 1864. 

Sondles, Freeman — 1864. 

Spalding. Lyman — 1864, died at Chattanooga, grave 423, Sec. F. 

Stevenson. Isaac — 1864. 

Stewart, Perry — 1864. 

Stitt, Gabriel — 1864. died at Nashville, grave 200. Sec. E, Chatta- 

Stonehocker. Thompson — 1864, died at Tullahoma. Tenn., grave 
at jMurfreesboro. 

Straits. John — 1864. 

Sullivan, George L. — 1864, from Co. E. 

Suydam. George L. — 1864. 

Tulford, David— 1864, died at Nashville, 1865. 

Wier, ]Mathias — 1864. 

Wilson, James — 1864. 

Wolfe, David — 1864, died at Nashville, grave 336. 

Wolfe, Philip H. — 1864. died in hospital at Chattanooga, Tenn.; 
grave 342, Sec. N, Stone River Cemetery, JMurfreesboro, Tenn. 


Mustered in Sept. ly, 1861. Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865. 

William Patton, Captain — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

John North, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant. 

John E. Smith, Captain — Promoted from Corporal, Sergeant, 
Second and First Lieutenant; appointed Adjutant. 

Samuel Stephens, Second Lieutenant — Promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant, Co. H. 

Edmund C. Conn, First Sergeant — Died at Nashville from wounds 
received in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863. 

William C. Thomas, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Benjamin F. Jones, First Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; 
promoted to Second Lieutenant, Co. C. 

E. Randies, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Thomas A. Reed, Sergeant — Died 1865 from wounds received in 
battle of Nashville, 1864. 

Clark ]\L Bell, Serg'eant — Promoted from Corporal. 

William W. Griffee, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal ; died at 
Nashville, 1864. 

John C. Norris, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

John O. Ogan, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Thomas Wright, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

John W. Graves, Corporal. 

Jonathan Phillips, Corporal — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Samuel Bagnall, Corporal — Promoted from Private ; died at Camp 
Wicklifife, Ky., 1862. 

Joseph W. Stanford, Corporal — Promoted from Private ; wounded 
in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863. 

Laban Ogle, Corporal — Promoted from Private; died at McMinn- 
ville, Tenn., 1863; grave 458, Sec. I, Murfreesboro. 

Martin Roberts, Corporal — Promoted from Private; died at 
Nashville, 1862. 

Sidney M. Brown, Corporal — Promoted from Private; killed in 
battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863. 

Nathaniel Everson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Van Buren Fulks, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John ^^^ Chalfant, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

ALartin Randies, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 




Burkhart, John W. F. — Reduced from Corporal at his own re- 
quest; wounded in action at Kenesaw ^lountain, Ga., 1864; trans- 
ferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Bell, George ^^^ — Promoted to Hospital Steward. 

Blackford, James. 

Blackford, William R.— Died at Columbus, O., 1863. 

Brown, John T. — Died at Camp Rosecrans, Tenn., 1862. 

Bryant, \\'. H. 

Carter, Sanford — Died at Nelson's Furnace. Ky., 1862; grave in 
Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Ky. 

Corder, Joseph X. — Died in Rebel Prison, Richmond, A'a., 1864. 

Corder, Joseph — Died at Xashville, 1S63. 

De ]\Ioss, John — Captured at battle of Chickamauga, Ga., 1863; 
prisoner at Belle Isle, Danville and Andersonville; exchanged, 1865; 
was on board steamer Sultana at time of explosion near ^Memphis, 
1865 ; escaped unhurt, reaching shore on a plank. 

Dickerson, Thomas. 

Dickerson, Joshua C. 

Dickerson, William H. — Killed at battle of Chickamauga; grave 
in Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Dougherty, John T. 

Dusenberry, L. — Injured at Lookout ^Mountain. 

Dusenberry, J. — Wounded in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1863; 
left arm amputated. 

Evans, David — Wounded in action near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 
1864; left arm amputated. 

Fulks. Jacob — Died at Xashville. 1862. 

Gibson, Robert. 

Giffin, Asa H. 

Guilliams, Laban. 

Howell, William H. 

Irwin. William. 

Jones, \\'illiam. 

Kimble, ^\'illiam — Died in camp near ]\Iurfreesboro, Tenn., 1863; 
grave in Stone River Cemetery. 

Kincaid, Gabriel — Accidentally killed near Perrvville, Kv., 1862; 
grave at Camp X'elson, Ky. 


Lash, David L. — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Latier, Martin. 

McCoy, Samuel — Transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

McCoy, John. 

McGuinn, Philip. 

Mclver, Arthur. 

Mack, Daniel F. 

Mains, Stanton. 

Mansfield, Jacob. 

Markley, Frederick A. — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Middleton, Isaac. 

Mills, John. 

Nixon, John W. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Norris, John W. — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Ogle, William — Died at Nashville, 1862; grave 292. 

Ott, Christopher — Captured in battle of Chickamauga; died in 
Rebel Prison, Andersonville, 1864; grave 2,422. 

Owen, Evan — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Parrish, John — Wounded at Pumpkinvine Creek, Ga. ; detailed 
in artillery. 

Patton, John — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Passmore, Anderson — Died at Nashville, 1863, from wounds re- 
ceived in battle of Stone River. 

Passmore, Josiah. 

Payne, Samuel — Died at Nashville, 1863. 

Phillips, William — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; exchanged 
1865; w'as on board steamer Sultana at time of explosion near ]\Iem- 
phis, 1865; escaped unhurt. 

Phillips, Peter L. 

Pierce, James — Died at Nashville, 1862; grave 76, section J. 

Peoples, James M. — Transferred to ist U. S. Volunteer Engineer 

Pomeroy, Madison. 

Reed, John — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Rice, Charles — Died at Louisville, Ky., 1862; interred in grave 
26, Cave Hill Cemetery. 

Richards, Eli. 

Richcreek, John. 


Rosan, Benjamin. 

Settles, Gaton A. 

Sniaile?, Thomas — Transferred to \"eteran Reserve Corps. 

Smith, W'ilHam S. — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Smitli, W'ilHam R. — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; paroled 
1865; perished by explosion of steamer Sultana near Alemphis, 1865. 

Stephens, Jame.s — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Thacker, Alartin. 

Thacker, Palestine M. 

Titus, Thomas. 

Weaver, David — Died at Xashville, 1S62. 

Williams, Levi — Killed in action near Kenesaw ^Mountain, 1864; 
grave 240, Sec. E. Chattanooga. 

\'oung. John A. 

With Date of Entering Service. 

Allen, Robert B.— 1864, from Co. L 

Aten, George^i864, from Co. I, drafted. 

Baker, Alfred — 1864, drafted. 

Barnes, Israel — 1864, from Co. I, died at Shield's ]\Iills, Tenn., 
1865, grave at Knoxville. 

Borotl, Lewis — 1864, drafted. 

Brooks, John — 1864, from Co. I, drafted. 

Burns, John — 1864, drafted. 

Crooks, Andrew — 1864, died in Coshocton County, 1865, grave at 
Spring ^Mountain. 

Cunningham, James — 1864, from Co. I. drafted. 

Deberry, William — 1862, drafted. 

Fox. James — 1864. 

Greenbank, William — 1864, from Co. I, drafted. 

Crumley, Frank — 1864, drafted, died at Louisville. Ky., 1865. 

Haas, John — 1864, drafted. 

Hardesty, Archibald — 1864, drafted, died at Xashville, grave 18, 
Sec. G. 

Harker, Daniel — 1864, drafted. 

Harper, William — 1S64, drafted. 

Haught. Samuel — 1864. from Co. I. drafted. 


Herbert, Joseph K. — 1864, drafted. 
Hohenstott, John — 1864, drafted. 
Hood, Alexander — 1864, drafted. 
Hood, David— 1864, drafted. 
Kelly, Patrick — 1864, drafted. 
Knapp, Wilson L. — 1864, from Co. I, drafted. 
Loder, John — 1864. 
Lutes, Jacob B. — 1864, from Co. I. 
McFadden, Harrison— 1864, from Co. I. 
Maranda, John — 1864, drafted. 
Reed, Alonzo L. — 1864. 
Robbins, Charles — 1864, from Co. I. 
Robert, Henry C. — 1864, drafted. 
Robertson, Joseph R. — 1864, from Co. I. 
Rowell. Wilson— 1863, from Co. B, 6th O'. V. I. 
Sissons, John — 1864, from Co. I. 
Snider, George W. — 1864, from Co. I. 
Stockstill, Henry I. — 1864, drafted. 
Stone, James L. — 1864, from Co. I. 
Tealing, Nathaniel — 1864, from Co. I. 
Thompson, Arthur — 1864, drafted. 
Tullis, Jasper — 1864, drafted. 

Turner, George W^ — 1864, from Co. I, drafted, wounded in action. 
Wagers, John — 1864, drafted, died at Victoria, Tex.. 1865, grave 
at Galveston. 

Webb, Jonathan L. — 1864. died at Chattanooga, grave 273, Sec. F. 

Woodburn, John T. — 1864, from Co. I, drafted. 

Yarger, Henr) — 1864. drafted, died at Nash\-ille, grave 2.937. 


Mustered in Oct. 3, 1861. Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865. 

David W. Marshall, Captain — Promoted to Major and Lieutenant 
Colonel, 51st O. V. L 

John M. Frew, Captain — Appointed from Second and First Lieu- 
tenant; promoted to Major. 

James M. McClintock, First Lieutenant — Detailed in V. S. Signal 
Service; promoted to Captain Co. F. ; transferred to Co. H, G and K. 


William Le Retilley, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Corporal, 
Sergeant and Second Lieutenant; wounded in battle of Stone River, 
1863: promoted to First Lieutenant Co. H; captured in battle of 
Cbickamauga; escaped, 1864; promoted to Captain, 1865. 

Isaiah D. Lvike, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Private, Ser- 
geant Major and Second Lieutenant; transferred to Co. H. 

Charles C. \A'elty, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Sergeant and 
Second Lieutenant; detailed as Acting Regt. Quartermaster. 

Edgar J. Pocock, Second Lieutenant — Appointed from First Ser- 
geant Co. H ; promoted to First Lieutenant Co. C ; wounded at 
Resaca. Ga. 

Israel A. Correll, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from Sergeant. 

Robert Hackinson, First Sergeant — Promoted to Second Lieu- 
tenant. Co. D. 

William H. King, First Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

Charles McMichael, Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

James H. Hay, Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

Charles M. Belknap, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; cap- 
tured in battle of Chickamauga: paroled: perished by explosion of 
steamer Sultana, 1865. 

George V. Ferguson. Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Allen H. Piatt. Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Samuel Barclay. Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; promoted 
to Sergeant Major. 

Abraham S. Hoagland, Sergeant — Promoted from Private; trans- 
ferred from Co. I. 

Marcellus Morgan, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and 

Frederick Barth, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 
poral; wounded in battle of Stone River. 

David W. Stallard, Corporal — Killed in action near Kenesaw 
Mountain ; grave 353, ^Marietta. Ga. 

John W. Wilson, Corporal — Died at ]\lurfreesboro, Tenn., 1863; 
grave in Stone River Cemetery. 

Sidney S. Harper, Corporal. 

Nicholas H. Bassett. Corporal. 

George Murphy, Corporal — Promoted from Private; killed in 
battle of Stone River. 


William F. Batty, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

George Matson, Corporal — Promoted from Private; died, 1863, 
from wounds received in battle of Chickamauga ; grave at Chatta- 

Oliver Browning. Corporal — Promoted from Private ; captured at 
Stone River. 

James Banford, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Frederick Blaser, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Ralph McClintock, Musician — Promoted to Principal Musician. 

Noah Van Horn, Musician. 


Agnew, James M. — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Arnold, Jesse P. — Transferred to U. S. Engineer Corps. 

Beardsley, Robert B. 

Bell, Edwin M. 

Bible, Harrison — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Blaser, Franklin — Died from w-ounds received in battle of Dob- 
son's Ferry, Tenn., 1862; grave in Nashville. 

Brown, John E. 

Bryan, William B. 

Carr, William. 

Courtright, Leander — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; died in 
Rebel Prison, Andersonville. 

Crater, Mathias. 

Davis, Presley — Died at Camp \\'ickliiife. Ky., 1862; grave at 
London, Ky. 

Davis, Walter E. — Killed in battle of Stone River; grave 6, Sec. 
D, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Davis, James H. 

Duling, David. 

Duling, Joab — Died at Camp Wicklifife, Ky.. 1862; grave at Lon- 
don, Ky. 

Eckert, Charles. 

Ellis, Sylvester A. 

Finney, Isaac B. — Transferred to U. S. Engineer Corps. 

Flynn, Robert — Killed in battle of Stone River; grave 9, Sec. E, 
Murfreesboro. Tenn. 


Flynn, John. 

Foster, John. 

Fox, John G. — Died from wounds recei\-ed in Ix'ittle of Stone River; 
grave i8o. Sec. B, Murfreesboro. Tenn. 

Gertsch, Samuel. 

Hart, Alartin — AJissing- in liattle of Chickaniauga. 

Harbaugh, Lucien. 

Heshp, Thomas — Killed in battle of .Stone River. 

Hilliker, John. 

Hop]). Charles — Died at P.ardstown, Ky., 1S62; grave at Leb- 
anon. Ky. 

Huston, David — Transferred to X'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Johnson, Peter. 

Lahr. Jacolj — Captured in battle of Chickaniauga ; paroled at 
Vicksburg; perished in explosion of steamer Sultana on the Mississippi. 

Layton, Albert — Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Lenhart, Jacob. 

Loringo, Euphemio. 

McMichael, Levi. 

McAIichael, James H. — Died at Camp Wicklifte, Ky., 1862; grave 
at London, Ky. 

Meek. Christian S. — Killed in battle of Stone River. 

Meek, Thomas. 

Miller. George W. 

Montgomery, John. 

Morrison, Isaac. 

Mosher, Carl— Enlisted in 5th U. S. Artillery. 

Mowry, John W. — Died at Camp Wickliiife. Ky., 1862; grave at 
London. Ky. 

Minick, David — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Minick, Ezra — Died at Camp Wicklifte, Ky., 1862; grave at 
London, Ky. 

Rhineman, Lloyd. 

Rossiter, Martin. 

Sellers. Asa M. 

Sibley. Ryan L. 

Sipes. George M. 

Smailes. T<^hn. 


Smith, Nathaniel H. 

Smith, William. 

Southwell, Thomas A. 

Starkey, William H. — Died at Nashville, 1862; grave 250. 

Stonehocker, Jacob D. — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; im- 
prisoned at Libby; died in Rebel Prison, Andersonville; grave 10,576. 

Stucker, Samuel — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Thomas, Eli W. 

Ury, James. 

Vance, Hiram J. 

Van Horn, George. 

Wales, William A. — Died from wounds received in battle of 
Stone River. 

Welch, William — Died at Covington, Ky., from wounds received 
in battle of Stone River. 

Weir, Robert. 

Weir, John — \\'ounded in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Williams, Alexander AI. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Wilson, Dias N. 

Wilson, Charles W. 

Wright, Reuben D. 

With date of entering service. 

Bates, Joseph — 1864. 

Beebe, James E. — 1865. 

Brannan, Henry. 

Bumbarger, Jacob — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Carr, John — 1864, transferred from loist O. V. L 

Cashbaugh, Philip — 1864, died from wounds received in action at 
Kenesaw Mountain; grave 296, Sec. E, Chattanooga. 

Chamberlin, Peter — 1864, transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Cullison, Benvah — 1864, died at A^ictoria, Tex., grave at Gal- 

Cutshaw, Thomas B. — 1864, transferred to Veteran Reserve 

Davis, Daniel — 1864, transferred from Co. E to Veteran Reserve 



Davis, David (Plaiufield )— 1864. 

Dole, George — 1864. 

Grundish, George H. — 1864. 

Harris, George — 1864. 

Jolmson, Richard — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E, died 
at Huntsville, Ala., 1865, grave at Chattanooga. 

King, Amos — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Lanning, David — 1863. 

Leavengood, Andrew — 1864. 

Littick, Samuel — 1864. 

Miller, Peter J.— 1864. 

Miller, Samuel — 1864. 

iMiller, John — 1864. 

Mitchell, Benjamin — 1864. 

Murray. Marion L. — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Newell, Gilbert — 1864. 

Philabaum, John — 1864, drafted. 

Rannels, Charles S. — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Reinbolt, Joseph — 1864, transferred from loist O. \\ I. 

Schmeeser, Henry — 1864, transferred from Co. K. 

Skinner, Joseph — 1864. 

Smith, Thoma.s — 1864, transferred to X'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Smith, John — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E, died at 
Shield's Mills, Tenn., grave 64, Sec. 10, Chattanooga. 

Spencer, William — 1864, died from wounds received in action near 
Kenesaw Mountain, re-interred in Eranklin church cemetery, Co- 
shocton County. 

Stallings. \\'illiam — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Starkey. Henry — 1864, transferred from Co. E. 

Waltz. Jacob E.— 1864, drafted. 

Weasel, Conrad — 1864, drafted. 

Wells. Edward— 1865. 

Welsch, William F.— 1864, drafted. 

Werts, Jacob — 1864. 

Wefts. Samuel — 1864, drafted. 

Wheeler, ^^'illard — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 

Whitacre, Preston P.. — 1864, drafted, died 1865 on board U. S. 
hospital steamer Jennie Hopkins. 


Whitman, Daniel — 1863, transferred from loist O. V. I. 
Williams, Flavius J. — 1864, drafted. 

Wilson, Samuel J. — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 
Wilson, William — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 
Wilson, Charles W., 2d— 1864, drafted. 
Wilson, Fletcher — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. E. 
Wilson, Samuel W. — 1864, drafted. 
Winters, Samuel — 1864, drafted. 

Wright, John C. — 1864, drafted, transferred from Co. K, died at 
Louisville, Ky., grave in Cave Hill cemetery. 

Mustered in Oct. 4, 1861. Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865. 

John D. Nicholas, Captain — Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 
143d O. V. L 

Samuel Stephens, Captain — Promoted from Second Lieutenant 
Co. D and First Lieutenant; killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 

William Nicholas, Captain — Promoted from Second and First 
Lieutenant ; appointed Adjutant ; detailed as Commissary of Musters, 
Central District of Texas. 

Charles Donley, First Lieutenant. 

Willis C. Workman, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Private 
and Second Lieutenant; killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Reuben B. Whitaker, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from 
Private, Corporal and Sergeant. 

David L. Barton, First Sergeant^ — Promoted from Private. 

Charles Craig, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Benjamin D. Day, Sergeant — Died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 
1862, grave 127, Section D, Stone River Cemetery. 

Samuel K. Sayer, Sergeant — Appointed from Private; captured 
in battle of Chickamauga ; escaped from exploded steamer Sultana. 

Nelson Buck, Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

Samuel Holderbaum, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; de- 
tailed to Signal Corps. 

Charles Belser, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

William G. Adams, Sergeant — Promoted from Private. 

John Leavengood, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 
poral ; twice wounded at Stone River. 


Charles M. Pike, Corporal. 

Joseph Shook, Corporal. 

Washington Cain, Corporal. 

Simpson McFadden, Corporal. 

Solomon Duncan, Corporal — Promoted to Color Sergeant. 

Nathan Shannon, Corporal — Promoted from Private; wounded 
in battle of Stone River. 

Edward B. Crawford, Corporal — Promoted from Private; trans- 
ferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

David Nicodemus, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Henry Davidson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Theophilus Phillips — Musician. 


Addy, John — Wounded in action. 

Albert, Aaron — Wounded in I)attle of Stone River; transferred 
to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Armstrong, John — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Barnes, William — Appointed Sergeant ; reduced by his own 

Bash, Philip 

Beatonhead, Conrad. 

Bird, Henry 

Brink, A. C. 

Brister, James^Died at Nashville, i(S62. 

Buck, Franklin B. — Died from wounds received in battle of 
Stone River. 

Buck, Henry F. 

Cain, Jackson — Died at Orange, O., 1865. 

Carnahan, George 

Collins, Samuel P. 

Cooper, James P. — Wounded and captured in battle of Chicka- 
mauga; died 1863 at Annapolis, Aid. 

Crelly, James — Enlisted in Fifth U. S. Artillery. 

Cunning, Albert 

Darnes, John W. 

Davidson, John — Killed in battle of Stone River. 

Davidson, William J. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 


Davis, Nathaniel C. 

Dewalt, John B. 

Dougherty, Patrick S. 

Dougherty, James G. — Died in General Field Hospital; grave at 

Alurfreesboro, Tenn. 

Dougherty, \\'illiani I. — Captured in battle of Chickamauga ; died 
in Rebel Prison, Danville, Va. 

Edwards, George 

Edwards, Thomas J. 

Ewing, Daniel H. 

Fleming, Isaiah D. 

Gibson, David — Died at Cincinnati, 1H63: grave at Nashville. 

Hogle, Thomas 

Hoobler. Samuel 

Hutchinson, Thomas C. — Died at Roscoe, O., 1864. 

Jennings, William R. — Wounded in battle of Stone River; trans- 
ferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Jones. Jacob 

Jones, David 

Jones, Nathaniel — Died at Nashville, 1863, from wounds received 
in battle of Stone River. 

Karr, Robert E. 

Kugler, Mathias — Died at Nelson's Furnace, Ky., 1862; grave in 
Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Kv. 

Leavengood, Levi 

Lennon, James — Transferred to Co. K., ggth O. V. L, detailed 
Inspecting Orderly at Brigade Headquarters. 

Linn, Joseph — Died at New Haven, Kv., 1863; grave at Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Locklin, Philo 

Loos, Levi — Died at New Haven, Ky., 1862; grave at New 
Albany, Ind. 

Luke. Samuel 

Martin, Joseph — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Miles, William— Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Miller, Lewis 

Moore, Jacob 

Morrow, Georsfe — Killed in battle "of Stone River. 


Alurphy, James 

Nelson, James — Captured at Stone River; prisoner in Libby; 
wounded at Lovejoy Station, Ga. 

Parry, John — Enlisted in Fifth U. S. Artillery. 

Phillips, Ralph — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Richardson, Cyrus — Died at Shell Mound, Tenn., 1864; grave 
179, Section C, Chatanooga, Tenn. 

Row, Lewis — Enlisted in Fifth U. S. Artillery. 

Rutherford, Thomas — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Scott, Alexander — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave 770. 

Shannon, William B. — Killed in action near Kenesaw Alountain; 
grave 117, Sec. H, Marietta, Ga. 

Skellinger, Sylvanus 

Smith, Nathaniel 

Smith, Richard M. 

Stefify, Eli — Died at Camp W'icklitte. Ky., 1862; grave 137, 
Soldiers' Burial Lot, New Albany. Ind. 

Thompson, Robert V. 

Undine, Henry 

Walker, John 

Wier, John — Wounded in battle of Stone River. 

Wicken, William — Wounded in battle of Stone River. 

Wilson, Alontraville — Died 1863; grave in Jefferson Barracks 
cemetery, St. Louis. 

Wise, Lewis — Died 1862; grave 123. Nashville. 

Wolf, Jacob 

Wolf, John G. 

CO^IPANY H, RECRUITS 51st O. \'. I. 
With date of entering service. 
Addy, Samuel — 1864. 

Addy, Robert — 1864, killed in action at Kenesaw ^Mountain. Ga., 
grave at Marietta, Ga. 
Addy. James — 1864. 
Baker, Francis — 1864. 
Baker, John D.— 1864. 
Baker. Lsaiah D.— 1865. 
Bash, Philip— 1864. 


Briggs, John— 1864, drafted. 

Brink, Alanson C, Second — 1864. 

Bryan, Wrightson — 1865. 

Buckmaster, John R. — 1864, from Co. I. 

Butt, Daniel— 1864. drafted. 

Chance, Joshua M. — 1864. 

Clark, Or in — 1864. 

Corwin, John — 1864. 

Cronkwright, George — 1864, drafted. 

Dougherty, Patrick S., Second — -1865. 

Dougherty, William I. — 1862, captured in battle of Chickamauga, 
1863, died in Rebel Prison, Danville, Va., 1865. 

Dougherty, Nelson — 1864, from Co. E. 

Durban, Lawrence — 1864, drafted. 

Easton, Daniel — 1864, died at Green Lake, Tex., 1865, grave at 

Elson, John — 1865. 

Fellows, James — 1864, drafted. 

Fleming, John L. — 1862, drafted. 

Foster, John W.— 1864, from Co. E., killed in battle of Nashville. 

Fulton, James H. — 1864, drafted. 

Garrett, Henry — 1864. 

Geiogue, Frederick — 1862, drafted, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 

Good, Michael — 1864. 

Green, William — 1864, from Co. E. 

Hohenshell, Wesley— 1864. 

Holderbaum, Henry J. — 1862, drafted. 

Horner, Samuel — 1862, drafted. 

Hoffman, Dallas — 1864, from Co. E. 

Hull, Abraham— 1865. 

Jones, Jabez — 1864, from Co. E. 

Johnson, John — 1864, accidentally wounded near Cassville, Ga. 
transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Keesey, Christopher — 1864. 

Lawrence, John B. — 1864. 

Lawson, William — 1864, drafted. 


Luke. George \\'. — 1864, died at Atlanta, grave 14, Sec. L, Mar- 
ietta. Ga. 

Luke, John B.— 1862, drafted. 

McElfresh, John— 1864, drafted. 

AIcKee, John L.— 1864. 

Alalatt, John L.— 1865. 

Maple, John — 1862, drafted. 

Michael, Solomon — 1865. 

Miller, Peter— 1864, from Co. L 

Moore, Martin — 1864. 

Myers, Theodore- — 1864, from Co. E. 

Nichols, Truman — 1864. 

Nirote, Christian — 1864. 

Norris, Charles — 1864. 

Norris, William C. — 1864. 

Oron, Daniel B. — 1864, died at Nashville, grave 348. 

Phillips, Hamilton— 1865. Phillips, William H.— 1865. 

Phillips, David B.— 1865. Reed, Thomas— 1864, drafted. 

Richmond, John R. — 1864, died at Camp Stanley, Tex., 1865, grave 
at Galveston. 

Roberts, John K. — 1865. 

Snider. Jacob — 1862. died at Alurfreesboro, Tenn, 1863, grave 137, 
Sec. X. 

Stephens, Robert — 1862, drafted. 

Sybole, Isaiah AL — 1864. 

Tourney, Wilson — 1864. 

Trenor, Daniel — 1864. 

Tucker, Tillman — 1864, sulistitute. 

Tyson, McKinsey — 1864. 

A'ansickle, George — 1864. 

\'ance, G. W. — 1862, drafted. 

Wiggins, Sr., Edward — 1864. 

Wiggins, Jr., Edward — 1864. 

\\"illiams, Charles J. — 1864. substitute. 

\\'inner, Thomas F. — 1864, killed in action near Kenesaw Moun- 
tain, grave 307, Sec. H, [Marietta, Ga. 

Wires, Elias — 1864. 


Mustered in Oct. 3, 1861. Mustered out Oct. 3, 1865. 

James M. Crooks, Captain — Resigned, 1862. 

Allen Gaskill, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant Co. C; 
resigned, 1862. 

William Moore, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant ; re- 
signed, 1864. 

Lewis Crooks, Captain — Promoted from Second and First Lieu- 
tenant; resigned, 1864. 

Sam])son McNeal, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from Private and 
Sergeant: transferred to Co. C and promoted to First Lieutenant. 

Ulysses B. Kinsey, First Sergeant — Promoted to Quartermaster 

William McCoy, Sergeant — Died at Camp Wickliffe, Ky.. [862. 

Henry Hagelbarger, Sergeant — Enlisted in U. S. Artillery. 

James McFarlin, Sergeant — Killed in battle of Stone River. 

John A. Weatherwax, Sergeant. 

Jonathan H. Mullett, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 

John Crooks, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; transferred to 

Andrew J. Stover, Corporal. 

Hiram Sapp, Corporal — \^'ounded and captured in battle of Chick- 
amauga: died in Rebel Prison, Atlanta, Ga., 1863. 

Isaac McXeal, Corporal — Killed in Battle of Chickamauga ; grave 
at Chattanooga. 

John Willis, Corporal. 

Harrison Bible, Corporal — Transferred to Co. F. 

Andrew J. Holmes, Corporal — Missing in battle of Chickamauga. 

Lyman B. Church, Corporal — Transferred to Co. F. 

Stewart Oxley, Corporal — Appointed from Private; transferred to 
Co. D. 

Samuel Mullett, Corporal — Appointed from Private: transferred 
to Co. H. 

Abraham S. Hoagland, Corporal — Appointed from Private: trans- 
ferred to Co. F. 

John M. W'hite, Musician — Died near Murfreesboro, Tenn., 1863. 

John M. Cocliran, W^agoner — Transferred to Co. D. 



Amnions, Abraham — Transferred to Co. D. 

Amnions, John — Transferred to Co. D. 

Anderson, Samuel. 

Arnold, James G. 

Baker, Orin M. 

Barnes, John — Died at Camp W'ickliffe, Ky., 1862: grave at Le- 
banon, Ky. 

Barnes, William. 

Barr, Charles W. 

Bible, Lewis — Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., 1864; grave 410, 
Sec. D. 

Bricker, Lorenzo D. 

Buckalew, William — Died, date and place unknown. 

Buckalew, Xathan — Transferred to Co. D; wounded at Kenesaw 
Mountain; detailed to Pioneer Corps. 

Calkglesser, W'illiam. 

Comstock, Cyrus — Transferred to Co. H. 

Carpenter, Nathan D. — Killed in Battle near Atlanta, 1864; grave 
30, Sec. F, Marietta, Ga. 

Crooks, Henry — Transferred to Co. C. 

Dahler, Jacob— Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Dewitt, John. 

Dial, Lorenzo D. — Killed in battle of Stone River, 1863. 

Dial, Lyman — Died from wounds received in battle of Chicka- 
mauga, 1863; grave 20, Sec. F, Chattanooga. 

Elliott, Thomas — Wounded in battle of Stone River. 

Evans, William — Captured in battle of Chickamauga : diea in Rebel 
Prison, Danville, Va., 1863; grave 145, lot 2, Sec. B. 

Fivecoat, David — W^ounded in battle of Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., 
1864: transferred to Co. D. 

Fox, John — Died from wounds received in battle of Chickamauga, 
1863: grave 342, Sec. A, Chattanooga. 

Haines, Francis D. — Transferred to Co. H. 

Hagelbarger, Gottlieb — Died at Nashville, 1863. 

Hardsock, Isaac — Killed in battle of Stone River. 

Hess, George W. — Transferred to A^eteran Reserve Corps. 

Hoagland, Josiah. 


Hostetler, Jacob — Killed in action near Dallas, Ga., 1864; grave 
517, Sec. G, Marietta, Ga. 

Hunter, John. 

Kelsey, John — Died in Rebel Prison, Andersonville, 1864. 

Kinsey, L. B. 

Kline, George — Transferred to Co. H. 

Landers, Francis M. — Killed in battle of Stone River; grave 22, 
Sec. F, ]\Iurfreesboro, Tenn. 

Livingston. Isaac. 

Livingston, John — Died at Nashville, 1862. 

McCoy, Samuel — Died at Camp Wickliffe, Ky., 1862. 

McConnell, Thomas. 

McFarlin, Robert — Killed in battle of Chickamauga. 

^Latticks, Leander — Enlisted in V. S. Artillery. 

^liller, Jacol). 

.Aliller, Peter M.— Died at Camp Wickliffe. Ky.. 1862. 

Aliller, William— Died at Nashville, 1862. 

Mohler. William — Transferred to Co. F. 

Oglevie, Francis. 

Richison, Orrimilt — Killed in battle of Stone River. 

Robbins, Joseph i\L — Transferred to Co. H. 

Sickles, Isaac C. — Died in Rebel Prison, Andersonville, 1864; 
grave S752. 

Sigman, Joseph — Transferred to Co. F. 

Smith, John. 

Stone, Calvin A. 

Stone, James. 

Sullivan, Cranson \\'. — Enlisted in L". S. Artillery. 

Sullivan, J. Oscar. 

Teters, Washington. 

Thompson, Charles C. 

Thomas, Reese. 

Trump, Daniel — Died at Nashville, 1864. 

Uhlman, Albert — Transferred to Co. F. 

Vanscoder, Israel — Transferred to Co. C. 

Walton, Harrison — Died at Stevenson, Ala., 1863; grave 30, Sec. 
F, Chattanoog-a. 



Walton, Jesse T.— Transferred to 34th Co., 2d Battalion, Veteran 
Reserve Corps. 

Williams, Jackson — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 
Wilson, John J. — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave 1051. 

With date of entering service. 

Robert Shiver, Corporal — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Bartlett, Abraham — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Boyd, Maro — 1864, died at Blue Springs, Tenn. 

Brillhart, George H. — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Buckalew, Nathan — Transferred to Co. D. 

Burklew, Benjamin F. — 1864, transferred to Co. D, wounded in 
action at Tunnel Hill, Ga., left arm taken of¥ by cannon ball at Nash- 
ville battle. 

Donaldson, Joseph W. — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Drummond, James H. — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Fortune, Jacob — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Hammer, Conrad — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Miller, Peter — 1864, transferred to Co. H. 

]\Iohler, George W. — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Mullett, George W. — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Myer, Henry — 1864, drafted, transferred to Co. D. 

Myers, John — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Pearle, Thomas — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Renfrew, Alexander — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Speckman, John — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

Stanton, \\'illiam N. — 1864, missing in battle of Resaca, Ga. 

Wilson, Lucius — 1864, transferred to Co. D. 

In 1862, after a year of war, the ardor of first enlistments belonged 
to the past; volunteering now went on with the horror of war over- 
shadowing all. The Coshocton ranks had been decimated by battle, 
disease and capture. 

Three companies were organized here for the Eightieth Ohio, the 
courageous regiment commanded by the courageous Major Richard 
Lanning who fell at Corinth. Dying on the battlefield, in the arms of 
a friend, his last thoughts, spoken gaspingly as the life stream crim- 
soned his throat, were of countrv, wife and children. 


The hard-marching Eightieth it was from the begimiing. Ripley, 
Miss., meant a forced march of forty-six miles in dust and heat, a 
grueling tramp that disabled many. After our stores at Holly Springs 
were destroyed, the Eightieth, in Quimby's division, guarded a pro- 
vision train to Memphis, repairing the railroad line as it marched. 
From the siege of Vicksburg the Eightieth went as far as Helena, 
under orders to join Steele's forces, then by countermanding order 
went to Memphis and marched from that point for Chattanooga, a 
march of four hundred miles. 

The battles of the Eightieth Ohio: 

Siege of Corinth, Miss., April 30 to A^ay 30, 1862. 

Farmington, Miss., May 9, 1862. 

luka. Miss., September 19-20, 1862. 

Corinth, Miss., October 4, 1862. 

Raymond, Miss., May 12, 1863. 

Jackson, Miss., May 14, 1863. 

Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18 to July 4, 1863. 

Mission Ridge, Tenn., November 25, 1863. 

Salkahatchie, S. C, February 3 to 9, 1865. 

Bentonville, N. C, March 19 to 21, 1865. 

Sherman's March to the Sea. 

The Eightieth led the advance of Sherman's whole army toward 
Raleigh in the campaign of the Carolinas, and one day made a forced 
march of seventeen miles in four hours to save a bridge over the Neuse 
for the army to cross. When the bridge was sighted one end was 
already fired and the retreating enemy still in view, but the flames were 
checked and Sherman's army moved on undelayed. After the grand 
review at Washington the Eightieth did garrison duty at Little Rock, 
Ark., till mustered out. 

From the siege of Vicksburg Colonel Pren Metham was in com- 
mand of the Eightieth, an honored officer, and today a highly-respected 
citizen, the soul of hospitality in his country home near Nellie. His 
military record is one of rapid promotion. From Captain of Co. F 
he was promoted to Major in less than a year, then to Lieutenant 
Colonel a few months afterward, and to Colonel in 1864. His courage 
was unfaltering through all the fighting of the Eightieth, and his qual- 
ities as commander won the hearts of the men. 



Company F 

Mustered in 1862. Mustered out Aug. 13, 1865. 

Pren Methani, Captain — Promoted to ]\Iajor, Lieutenant Colonel 
and Colonel. 

Peter Hack, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant; resigned 
from Co. G. 

James Carnes, First Lieutenant — Promoted to Captain Co. B. 

Francis H. Farmer, First Lieutenant — Appointed from Second 
Lieutenant ; promoted to Captain Co. D. 

Sanuiel Clark, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Corporal and 

T. W. Collier, Second Lieutenant — Appointed Sergeant from 
Private; wounded in battle of Corinth, Miss., 1862; promoted to Sec- 
ond and First Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

James M. Cochran, Second Lieutenant — Appointed from First 
Sergeant; Promoted to First Lieutenant Co. A and to Captain Co. E. 

George B. Wilson, First Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal ; pro-_ 
moted to Sergeant Major. 

George W. Cox, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

John Humphrey, Sergeant — Detailed in Contraband Camp. 

Solomon McNabb, Sergeant. 

John N. Henderson, Sergeant — Died in hospital near Clear Creek, 
Miss., 1862; grave at Corinth, Miss. 

Wesley S. Welling, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Andrew J. Lamma, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; wounded 
in battle of Corinth, 1862. 

Nathaniel E. Clendenning, Sergeant — Wounded in battle of luka. 
Miss., 1862, and battle of Corinth; promoted from Corporal. 

Thomas Kanavel, Corporal. 

Fernando C. \\^right. Corporal. 

Samuel Compton, Corporal — Died at Paducah, Ky., 1862; grave 
at Roscoe, O. 

William McCumber, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Osborne Richardson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William A. Gififen, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

George W. Kanavel, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John Wilson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 


Benjamin Vial, Corporal — Wounded in battle of luka and Mission 
Ridge; promoted from Private. 

Thomas Clark, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Burr is M. Xoland, Corporal — Wounded in battle of Corinth; pro- 
moted from Private. 

James Bair, Corporal — Appointed from Private; promoted to 
Sergeant Alajor. 

R. M. Decker, Musician. 


Arm, Samuel. 

Ault, Andrew. 

Bailey, Madison. 

Bassett, Jesse .\. — Died near Corinth, Miss., 1862; grave 11, Sec. 

Bills. William — Died in hospital near Columbus, O., 1863; grave 
in Green Lawn cemetery. 

Boes, John. 

Branagan, Matthew. 

Brannan, Bernard. 

Brannan, Dennis. 

Campbell, Matthew. 

Carr, Lorenzo. 

Clark, John. 

Clark, Lemote. 

Cochran, Washington L. — Died at Hamburg, Tenn., 1862; grave 
at Shiloh. 

Cochran, Joshua — Killed in battle of Corinth. 

Coe, Lsaac R. 

Cook, John — Transferred from Co. L 

Copelen, John. 

Cox, Richard. 

Cray, Richard. 

Cross, Robert. ^ 

Culter, Coan — Died at Paducah, Ky., 1862; grave at Cairo, 111. 

Cunning, Daniel G. — Captured at Henderson, Kv., 1862; ex- 

Dalier, Levi — Killed in battle of Mission Ridge; grave 923, Sec. D, 


Daniels, Isaac. 

Daniels, Nathan. 

De Coursey, David. 

Downes, William. 

Driimniond, Turner — Killed in battle of luka, ^liss., grave at 

Eceeley, James. 

Eckert, John. 

Flickly, Bartholomew — Died from wounds received in battle of 
Corinth, ^liss., 1862. 

Fortune, Isaac — Wounded in battle of Corinth and Jackson. 

Fortune, Thomas — Wounded in battle of Corinth ; killed in battle 
of Jackson, ]Miss., 1S63; grave at Vicksburg. 

Fricker, August. 

Gault. John — Detailed in Pioneer Corps. 

Gault, Stuart. 

Gonder, Jacob. 

Gonder, ^lichael R. — Died at Louisville, Ky., 1S65; grave 147, 
Sec. C, row 3. 

Good, Peter. 

Gordon, James S. 

Graybill, John S. 

Haines, Henry. 

Hardenbrook, Alfred. 

Harmon, Jacob. 

Hinds, Thomas — From Co. B; transferred to Veteran Reserve 

Flolbrook, Isaac. 

Hyde, John — Died. 1S62 at Paducah : grave at Cairo, 111. 

Johnson, John G. 

Jones, George B. 

Keys, Charles P. 

Keyser, Philip G. 

Kitchen, Edward J. 

Leavengood, Daniel — Died at Hamburg. Tenn., 1862 grave at 

McCuUough, Alexander — Transferred to Co. I, 23d Regiment, 
Veteran Reserve Corps. 

McCullough, Dan"el 


Meredith, Ambrose B. 

Meredith, Isaac. 

Metham, Pren (Eng.) 

Nargney, Wilson. 

Nash, James — Died, 1862; grave at Corinth, Miss. 

Orbison, Ephraim — Died on the march to Corinth, 1862. 

Parker, John — Died on the march to Corinth, 1862. 

Philhps, Samuel. 

Richardson, Thomas — Died, 1862; grave at Corinth, Miss. 

Richcreek, Jonas. 

Richmond, James. 

Robertson, James — Missing from steamer Ed. Walsh at Helena, 
Ark., 1863. 

Shook, John — Died at Corinth, 1862; grave 8, Sec. B i. 

Staley, John — Drafted. 

Taylor, John. 

Tharp, Caleb B. 

Thatcher, Jones. 

Thompson, James V. 

Turner, Thomas. 

Willis, Wilson — \\'ounded in battle of Corinth. 

Woods, Arthur — Wounded and captured in battle of Forest Hill, 
Tenn., 1863. 

Yuhker, Silas — Captured in battle of Mission Ridge; died in An- 
dersonville Rebel Prison; grave 5,477. 

Zimmerman, H. H. — Missing in battle of Forest Hill. 

With date of entering service. 

Black, Leverett O. — 1863. 

Buckmaster, William — 1864. 

Cullison, John S. — 1864, died in hospital at Resaca, Ga., grave at 

Decker, William T. — 1864, injured near Cartersville, Ga., detailed 
in Signal Corps ; took Capt. Duncan, chief of scouts, nine miles down 
the Savannah River to the bay through the enemy's countrv. 

Fowler, Zadock — 1864. 

Haney, John — 1864. 


Hardsock, Charles — 1864. 
Hyde, Joseph — 1864. 
Hyde, Andrew J. — 1864. 
Johnson, Philander — 1864. 
Kinnev, P^atrick — i8r)4. 
Kling, John— 1864. 
Michael, John— 1864. 
Alurphy, Daniel — 1864. 
Myers, George — 1864. 
Myers, Henry — 1864. 
Xorris, William H. H.— 1864. 

Pickerel, Martin — 1864, died in hospital at Resaca, Ga. ; grave 
463, Sec. K, Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Porter, Rudolph — 1864. 
Potter, William H.— 1863. 
Randies, \\'illiam— 1864. 
Rose, Jackson — 1864. 
Singer, George — 1864. 
Starkey, Timothy — 1864. 
Tracv, Abraham — 1864. 
Westlake, George — 1864. 
Whirl, John— 1864. 
Williams. Richard— 1864. 

Mustered in 1862. Mustered out Aug. 13, 1865. 

William Marshall, Captain — Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. 

Milton B. Coulter, Captain — Promoted from Sergeant, Second and 
First Lieutenant and Regt. Quartermaster. 

John W. Simmons, First Lieutenant — Promoted from First Ser- 
geant; resigned, 1864. 

John Isenogle, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Corporal and 

John D. Ross, Second Lieutenant — Resigned, 1862. 

Benjamin A. Stevenson, First Sergeant. 

John C. }^Iiller, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; 
wounded at Jackson and Vicksburg. 

William P. Hay, Sergeant — Promoted to Second Lieutenant, Co. L 


George Summers, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

John Ryans, Sergeant — Appointed from Private. 

Sylvester Van Dusen, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and 

John Ross, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Michael Gosser, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Augustus Erman, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Henry L. Fribley, Corporal — Died at Paducah, Ky., 1862; grave at 
Cairo, 111. 

Joseph N. Wood, Corporal — Captured in battle of Mission Ridge; 
escaped from Andersonville, retaken and exchanged. 

John Berton, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Theodore Snell, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Noah Houston, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Videlius D. Fuller, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Nicholas Wise, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

James W. Laughead, Musician — Died at Vicksburg, 1863. 

Robert F. Lockard, Wagoner — Died at St. Louis, Mo., 1863; grave 
15, Sec. 65, Jefiferson Barracks cemetery. 

Akeroyd, Abraham B. 

Ashbaker, David. 

Ashbaker, Jacob. 

Bailey, James J. 

Barber, Hugh M. 

Bird, Patrick — Detailed in Pioneer Corps. 

Bordenkircher. George — Died at Camp Clear Creek, Miss., 1862; 
grave at Corinth, Miss. 

Boyer, John. * 

Broas, Richard M. C. 

Cain, James. 

Carnahan, John — From Co. H. 

Carr, William. 

Clendenning, William. 

Creely, Patrick— Captured in battle of Corinth; paroled near 

Davis, John. 

Davis, John H. 


Dawson, Joshua. 

Easton, James. 

Ewing, John — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Fisher, Simon. 

Ford, George W. — Died at Savannah, Tenn., 1862; grave at 

Forrest, WilHam H. 

Fribley, Edward — Died at La Grange, Tenn., 1863; grave in 
Mississippi River cemetery, Memphis. 

Gadden, Josiah. 

Gray, David J. — Died at Yomig's Point, La., 1863; grave at 

Hartigan, Patrick — Transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps 

Henderson, Jacob. 

Himebaugh, AJihon — Killed in battle of Jackson, Miss., 1863; 
grave at Vicksburg. 

HuiT, Lewis W. 

Humphrey, Christopher. 

Hutchinson, Wilson. 

Jones, William — Died in Coshocton County, 1863. 

Kobel, John W. 

Lemmon, Robert — Wounded in battle of ^Mission Ridge. 

Lillibridge, Moses. 

Lloyd, Daniel — Died in hospital at Allatoona, Ga., 1864; grave 
at Chattanooga. 

Longshore, Jonathan — Killed in battle of Mission Ridge; grave 
927, Sec. D, Chattanooga. 

McCormick, Robert S. — Captured in battle of [Mission Ridge; ex- 

Mason, Samuel. 

Messerley, Gottlieb — Died from wounds received in battle of Mis- 
sion Ridge; grave at Chattanooga. 

Miser, John E. — Detailed in Pioneer Corps. 

Nash, George H. 

Nash, William — Accidentally killed at Jacinto, Miss., 1862; grave 
104, Sec. B, Corinth. 

Nihart, William A. — Died in Corinth hospital, 1862. 

Reed, John. 


Reed, Thomas B. 

Robinson, John. 

Roderick, John W. 

Roe, George — Died at Corinth, 1862. 

Roney, Nelson. 

Ross, Henry^ — Killed in battle of Mission Ridge, i?5j;; grave 9:8, 
Sec. D, Chattanooga. 

Rutencheir, George — Died from sunstroke at Corinth, Miss. 

Sampsel, Henry — Captured in battle of Mission Ridge; transferred 
to Co. E, 4th Regt., Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Sampsel, John — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Shultz, Alexander. 

Smith, William. 

Snell, Michael — Captured in battle of Corinth ; exchanged ; enlisted 
in Mississippi "Marine Brigade. 

Switzer, David. 

Traxler, George W. — Died at Paducah, Ky., 1862; grave at 
Cairo. 111. 

Tye, Peter. Weber, Theodore. 

Van Sickle, Levi. Williams, David. 

Wise, John — Died near Vicksburg from wounds received in action, 

Wise, Samuel — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Wood, John — Died at Camp Clear Creek. Miss., 1862; grave 7, 
Sec. B I, Corinth. 

With date of entering service. 
Lewis Bar rick. Corporal — 1864, promoted from Private. 
Fisher, Adam — 1865. 
Gosser, John — 1865. 
Miser, Jacob S. — 1864. 
Miser, John W. — 1864. 
Miser, Simon P. — 1865. 

Shaw, Isaac — 1864, died at Washington, D. C. 1865; grave in 
Arlington cemetery. 

Swigert, John P. — 1864. 

Henry Harris, colored cook — 1864. 



Mustered in 1862. Mustered out Aug. 13, 1865. 

George W. Pepper, Captain — Resigned, 1862; appointed Chaplain. 

John Kinney, Captain — Appointed First Lieutenant; promoted to 
Captain Co. G; transferred to Co. H ; killed in battle of Mission Ridge; 
grave R, Sec. D, Chattanooga. 

Henry C. Robinson, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant 
and Regt. Quartermaster, and to Major. 

William H. Anderson, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Corporal 
and Sergeant. 

Jacob W. Doyle, Second Lieutenant — Died at Jacinto, ^liss., 1862; 
grave 2, Sec. B i, Corinth. 

Nicholas R. Tidball, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First 
Sergeant; resigned, 1863. 

Sylvester M. Baldwin, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First 
Sergeant; First Lieutenant Co. B. 

Alexander Teas, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; 
drowned at Helena, Ark., 1863; grave at Memphis. 

Ezra D. Swan, First Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Joseph J. Finlay, First Sergeant — Promoted from Private and 

Hiram W. Brelsford, Sergeant — \\'ounded in battle of Jackson, 

Robert Dickey, Sergeant. 

Francis A. Norman, Sergeant. 

John H. P. Dimock, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; pro- 
moted to Principal Musician. 

James B. Wilson, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

Philip H. Moore, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; wounded 
in battle. of Mission Ridge. 

Albert Spelman, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal: accidentally 
killed at Allatoona, Ga., 1864. on railroad while in line of duty; grave 
635, Sec. C, Marietta, Ga. 

Harrison H. Decker, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal; de- 
tailed at brigade headquarters; wounded at Jackson, Miss. 

Robert H. Willis, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 

William H. H. Richards, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal. 


Reuben E. Hull, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

John T. Crawford, Corporal. 

Thomas Dobson, Corporal — Promoted from Private; wounded at 

Elisha W. Morrow, Corporal — Transferred to Veteran Reserve 

William H. Robinson, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William H. Hout, Corporal — Captured in battle of Jackson; ex- 
changed; promoted from Private. 

Simon B. Madden, Corporal — Appointed from Private . 

Mathias Laughead, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

Jeremiah Vankirk, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

George W. ]\liller. Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

Thomas H. Wilson, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

David Reidenbach, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

Joel W. Duling, Corporal — Appointed from Private. 

Patrick S. Campbell, Musician — Promoted to Principal Musician. 


Bailey, Jonathan. 

Beall, Hezekiah G. — Died on board steamer near Memphis, 1863. 

Bechtol, John W. — Died in hospital at Farmington, Miss., 1863; 
grave at Vicksburg. 

Boyd, George B. — Died near Vicksburg, 1863. 

Brown, Robert E. 

Carnahan, John — Transferred to Co. G. 

Chubb, John — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Clark, John D. 

Cook, Thomas J. — Appointed First Lieutenant Co. A, 194th O. V. I. 

Cross, Eli — Died in hospital at Keokuk, la., 1863. 

Cross, James B. — Died at La Grange, Tenn., 1863; grave 14, Sec. 
I, Memphis. 

Cross, Harmon P. 

CuUison, Fletcher. 

Davis, James P. 

Derr, Jacob N. — Wounded and captured in battle of Jackson, 
Miss. ; exchanged. 

Derr, A\'illiam. 


Donley, James. 

Duffy, James. 

Ellis, John F. 

Failing, Morris. 

Geren, Samuel P. 

Goodhue. George W. 

House, James E. 

Hout, John — Died in hospital at Keokuk, la.. 1863. 

Hoyle, Jacob — Died in hospital at Evansville, Ind., 1862. 

Huff", George \\ . — Transferred to Co. C, 23d Regt. A'eteran Re- 
serve Corps. 

Infield, Charles — Died at Savannah, Tenn., 1862: grave 60, Sec. 
F, Shiloh. 

Intield, Phineas. 

Infield, Perry. 

Johnson, William A. — \\'ounded and captured in battle of Jackson, 
Miss., 1863; exchanged; transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Jones, Asbury. 

Kinner, James \V. 

Kinney, Leander — Killed in battle of JMission Ridge, 1863; grave 
922, Sec. D, Chattanooga. 

Lockhart, Thomas. 

McClure, John A. — Promoted to Principal ]\lusician. 

AlcKee, AA'illiam — Transferred to \ eteran Reserve Corps. 

Madden, William — AA'ounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

]\Iagness, Heslip W. — Died in hospital near Vicksburg, 1863. 

]\Iarks, James L. — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Masten, James E. — Wounded in siege of Vicksburg. 

■Mills, John — Killed in battle of Jackson, Miss., 1863; grave at 

Mulford, Daniel. 

Mulford, Samuel — Died in Corinth hospital, 1862. 

]\Iurrell, John T. 

Oakleaf, Jacob 

Ogle, Jacob. 

Ogle, John J. 

Poland, Bruce. 

Ricketts, Abner C. 


Ross, Isaac. 

Rutherford, Anthony. 

Shearn, Henry — Transferred to X'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Sickles, Daniel P. 

Steele, Abraham — Captured in battle of Corinth ; exchanged ; cap- 
tured in battle of Mission Ridge; died in Andersonville Rebel Prison; 
grave 481. 

Stewart, John. 

Stewart, William A. — Wounded in battle of Corinth. 

Syphert, William A. 

Van Eman, Martin D. 

Warner, William — Enlisted in Mississippi Marine Brigade. 

Watson, John — Captured on the march in Mississippi; exchanged. 

Willis, William. 

Zook, Jacob B. 

With date of entering service. 

Adams, George C. — 1864, died at Resaca, Ga., grave 547, Sec. K, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Akins, William — 1864, died a month after enlistment. 

Beall, Abram— 1864. 

Bryan, Edwin E. — 1864, drowned in Oostanaula River, Ga., grave 
476, Sec. K, Chattanooga. 

Burt, William W.— 1864. 

Carroll, John — 1864. 

Catherwood, David — 1864. 

Cornell, P. W.— 1864. 

Cross, William G. — 1864. 

Cross, John — 1864. 

Engle, John W. — 1864. 

Fulkerson, James M. — 1864, enlisted in Mississippi Marine 

Huff, Charles E. — 1864, detailed forager on March to the Sea. 

Infield, John — 1863, drafted. 

Kinner, WilHs M.— 1864. 

Kinney, Park — 1864. 

Langley, Edwin A. — 1864. 


Leavitt, John — 1864. 

Lint, Conrad — 1S64. 

McDonald, John— 1864. 

Ririe, Alexander — 1864. 

Spelman, Francis M. — 1864. 

Sturtz, Jesse — 1864. 

Sty re, Christian — 1864. 

Tumblin, James — 1864. 

Waters, Elijah — 1864, died at Resaca, Ga. ; grave at Chattanooga. 

Wiggins, John — 1864. 

Wiggins, Samuel — 1864. 

Wilson, Van B.— 1864. 

Wright, Joseph — 1864. 

Zetty, Noah— 1864. 

More volunteers from Coshocton County formed companies in the 
Ninetv-seventh Ohio, whose braverv won the hearts of the people. 
Women of Coshocton sent them a flag in '63 with the message, "Be 
assured that from the trenches of Covington Heights to the mountain 
passes of the Cumberland, our hearts have followed you." Nor did 
those at home forget the sufferings of the boys in the terrible march 
to Perryville, how without tents or knapsacks they met uncomplain- 
ingly the winter cold, and how at Stone River they helped win that 
day of immortal glory. 

The Ninety-seventh was in the brigade that drove John Morgan's 
guerrillas o\-er the Cumberland Mountains. It was in Sheridan's divi- 
sion in the grand assault on the entrenched enemy at Missionary 
Ridge; gallantly clearing the rifle pits at the foot of the hill; rushing 
up the crest through musketry fire; clambering higher and higher 
while the enemy's battery swung from a front to a flanking fire; storm- 
ing on, breathless and with comrades falling on all sides under the 
raking of grape, canister and musketry; but never faltering in the 
onward sweep to the summit, to the driven, demoralized flying enemy, 
to glorious victory! 

■The battle record of the Ninety-seventh: 

Perrysville, Ky.. October 8, 1862. 

Stone River, Tenn., December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863. 

Chattanooga, Tenn., November 23 to 25, 1863. 

^Mission Ridge, Tenn., November 25. 1863. 


Salisbury, Tenn., December 3, 1863. 

Charleston, Tenn., December 28, 1863. 

Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., May 5 to 9, 1864. 

Buzzard Roost, Ga., May 8, 1864. 

Dalton, Ga., May 9, 1864. 

Resaca, Ga., May 13 to 16, 1864. 

Adairsville, Ga., May 17 to 18, 1864. 

Dallas, Ga., May 25 to June 4, 1864. 

New Hope Church, Ga., May 27, 1864. 

Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 9 to 30, 1864. 

Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864. 

Siege of Atlanta, Ga., July 28 to September 2, 1864. 

Jonesboro, Ga., August 31 to September i, 1864. 

Lovejoy Station, Ga., September 2 to 6, 1864. 

Spring Hill, Tenn., November 29, 1864. 

Franklin, Tenn., N^ovember 30, 1864. 

Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15-16, 1864. 


Company H 

Mustered in Sept. i, 1862. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Clarkson C. Nichols, Captain. 

Noah H. McClain, First Lieutenant — Resigned, 1863. 

Charles H. Matthews, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Second 
Lieutenant; appointed Regt. Quartermaster. 

Charles H. Jones, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Second Lieu- 
tenant Co. G. 

Milton H. Lakin, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First Ser- 
geant; captured in battle of Franklin, Tenn., 1864; exchanged; pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant. 

Nathaniel B. Mills, First Sergeant — Wounded in battle of Mis- 
sion Ridge, Tenn., 1863; promoted to First Lieutenant. 

Elisha P. Potter, Sergeant — Promoted to Sergeant Major. 

Jesse S. Lake, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; died from 
wounds received in action at Kenesaw ^vlountain, 1864; grave 440, 
Sec. G, Nashville. 

William F. Buxton, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal; trans- 
ferred to Co. K, 17th Regt., Veteran Reserve Corps. 



Jeremiah Peart, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

Stephen Zuck, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal ; wounded in 
action near Atlanta, 1864. 

Daniel Elliott, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Alfred B. Wolford, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 
poral; promoted to Sergeant Major. 

George \\ . Coggins, Sergeant — Transferred to Co. A, 2d Bat- 
talion, \"eteran Reserve Corps. 

Sylvester Norman, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 

Jesse G. Devinny, Corporal — Died at Louisville, Ky., 1862; grave 
in Cave Hill cemetery. 

George \Y. Smith, Corporal — Died at Gallatin, Tenn., 1863; grave 
at Nashville. 

David E. Almack, Corporal — Promoted from Private ; wounded in 
action at Kenesaw ^lountain, 1864. 

William Collins, Corporal — Promoted from Private; killed in 
action at Kenesaw Mountain, 1864; grave 171, Sec. H, ^Marietta, Ga. 

Newton G. Dunn, Corporal — Promoted from Private; wounded 
in battle of Mission Ridge, 1863. 

Christopher Hall, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

George W. Hinkin, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Joseph Turnbull, Corporal — Promoted from Private; killed in 
action at Kenesaw ^Mountain, 1864; grave 280, Sec. I, ^Marietta, Ga. 

Daniel Williams, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Sylvester C. Wolford, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John E. Hummer, Corporal — Promoted from Private ; wounded in 
action at Kenesaw Mountain; transferred to Co. F. 15th Regt., Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps. 

Levi Harmon, Corporal — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge: 
promoted from Private. 

Spencer H. Ery, Musician. 

Richard S. Hall, W'agoner. 

Balo, Abram — Wounded in battle of Rocky Eace Ridge, and died 
therefrom at Tunnel Hill, Ga., 1864; grave at Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Balo, David. 


Balo, Stephen — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge and in action 
near Kenesaw Mountain. 

Barrett, John — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge and Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 

Benning, William — Died at Louisville, Ky., 1862; grave in Cave 
Hill cemetery. 

Blackburn, John — Killed in battle of Franklin, Tenn., 1864; grave 
in Franklin section, Stone River cemetery, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Boring, George W. 

Bricker, George W. — Transferred to Co. G. 

Bush, Benjamin — Wounded in battle of Dallas, Ga., 1864. 

Bush, John. 

Butler, William — Transferred to Co. G. 

Cattrell, Franklin — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge, Tenn. 

Chicken, John— Wounded in battle of Rocky Face Ridge, Ga. 

Clark, Joseph. 

Clough, William — Transferred to Co. K, ist Regt. U. S. Veteran 
Volunteer Engineers. 

Compton, John M. — Detailed as provost guard at Brigade Head- 

Doolittle, Jared. 

Emerson, Charles H. — Died at Chattanooga from wounds received 
in action at Kenesaw Mountain, 1864. 

Evans, David. 

Farquhar, Abram. 

Foster, Henry — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave 567, Sec. B. 

Fry, John D. — Died at Nashville, 1863. 

Gould, Robert H. — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Guilliams, Lewis. 

Hagans, George W. 

Haines, Samuel — Wounded in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Haines, William — Wounded in action near Kenesaw Mountain; 
transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Hauser, David — Died at Louisville, Ky., 1863; grave in Cave Hill 

Hogle, Adam — Wounded in battle of Franklin, Tenn. 

Holdsworth, George — Wounded in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 


Hook, \'\'illiam — Died at Bardstown. Ky., 1862; grave at Leb- 
anon, Ky. 

House, Joseph. 

Hults, Alfred — Transferred to Co. K, ist Regt., U. S. Veteran 
Volunteer Engineers. 

Ishmael, William — Died at Bowling Green, Ky., 1863; grave 108, 
Sec. O, Nashville. 

James, William. 

Jarvis, James. 

Jenkins, David. 

Johnston, George W. 

Jones, Benjamin F. 

Krauss, Christian K. 

Layton, Joseph — Wounded in battle of [Mission Ridge; transferred 
to Co. B, 23d Regt., Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Lee, John M. — Transferred to Co. G, 26th O. V. L 

Lovett, Reason — Transferred to Co. G. 26th O. \^ L 

Lynch, Samuel H. 

McGuire, Oliver — Transferred to Co. D, 5th Regt.. A'eteran Re- 
serve Corps. 

McNabb, Isaac. 

Mackey, John G. — Transferred to Co. G, 26th O. V. I. 

Maston, John — Wounded in battle of r\Iission Ridge. 

Moore, John. 

Moore, Joseph H. — Died at Bowling Green. Ky., 1863; grave 319, 
Sec. N, Nashville. 

Morgan, Thomas. 

Newell, Franklin. 

Nichols, George R. — Transferred to \'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Nixon, George. 

Oden, Elias — \\'ounded in action at Kenesaw IMountain. 

Owens, David — Killed in battle of ^Mission Ridge. 1863; grave 
at Chattanooga. 

Owens, ^^'illiam — Transferred to Co. C, 8th Regt.. Veteran Re- 
serve Corps. 

Page, George W. 

Pierce, Robert. 


Pope, Jeremiah — Transferred to Co. G, 26th O. V. I. 

Price, Nathan — Wounded in battle of Stone River, Missionary 
Ridge, Kenesavv Mountain and Franklin. 

Randies, William A. — Struck by falling tree at Knoxville. 

Richards, Elijah C. — Killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain, 1864; 
grave 279, Sec. J. 

Richards, John W. — Transferred to Signal Corps. 

Ricketts, Baxter. 

Rodgers, William — Died at Chattanooga from wounds received 
in battle of Mission Ridge; grave 279, Sec. D. 

Sears, James — Killed in battle of Mission Ridge; grave 640, Sec. 
D, Chattanooga. 

Skillman, William. 

Smith, Albert — Died at Bowling Green, Ky., 1862; grave 644, 
Sec. X, Nashville. 

Turnbull, Mark — Died at Gallatin, Tenn., 1863. 

Westmoreland, Thomas — Wounded in battle of Peach Tree Creek, 
Ga., 1864. 

Wiggins, Isaac J. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Wiggins, John. 

Wiker, Jacob — Killed in battle of Kenesaw Mountain; grave at 
Marietta, Ga. 

Williams, Morgan — Wounded in action. 

Wilson, Hiram — Wounded in battle of Franklin, Tenn. 

Wood, William. 

Young, Thomas — Died at Nashville, 1863 ; grave in National 
Cemetery, Nashville. 

Mustered in Sept. i, 1862. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Emanuel Shaffer, Captain. 

Martin Weisser, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant; 
wounded in battle of Mission Ridge, Tenn., 1863. 

George W. Smailes, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Second 
Lieutenant; to Co. E. 

John W. Sidle, First Lieutenant — Promoted from First Sergeant 
Co. G. 

James McClure, Second Lieutenant — Appointed from Sergeant; 


promoted to First Lieutenant Co. K; wounded at Missionary Ridge. 

Alonzo D. Barton, First Sergeant — Died at Danville, Ky., 1862; 
grave 38, Sec. I. 

George F. Jack, First Sergeant — Wounded in battle of Mission, 
Ridge; promoted to First Lieutenant. 

William Davis, Sergeant. 

William C. Harrison, Sergeant — Wounded in battle of ^Mission 

Joseph Cooper, Sergeant^ — Appointed from Corporal ; wounded in 
battle of Mission Ridge and Franklin, Tenn. 

Albert P. Taylor, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal ; died from 
wounds received in action at Kenesaw ^Mountain. Ga., 1864; grave 
178, Sec. H, Marietta, Ga. 

Peter Miller, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

Joseph J. Emerson, Sergeant — Appointed Color Guard; promoted 
from Corporal ; captured in battle of Franklin, Tenn. ; exchanged ; 
was on board steamer Sultana which was blown up, 1865, on the Mis- 
sissippi near Memphis. 

David King, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 

Jule Suitt, Corporal — Died at Silver Springs, Tenn., 1862; grave 
in Stone River cemetery, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Daniel W. Simons, Corporal — Died in hospital at Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., 1863; grave 300, Sec. D. 

Charles Funk, Corporal — Promoted from Private ; died in hospital 
at Pulaski, Tenn., 1863; grave at Murfreesboro. 

Daniel Felton, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Clinton J. Gardner, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Christopher Hottinger, Corporal — \\'ounded in battle of Mission 
Ridge; promoted from Private. 

Martin C. Sauer, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

George W. Starkey, Corporal — Promoted from Private; wounded 
in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Adam K. Vincel, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John Worthington, Corporal — Promoted from Private; captured 
in battle of Franklin, Tenn., 1864. 

William Porter, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John West, \\'agoner — Appointed from Private. 



Babcock, Henry — Died in hospital at Nashville, 1862; grave 41, 
Sec. C. 

Baker, John E. 

Boyd, William J. — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge; trans- 
ferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Brown, Tunis S. — Wounded in battle of Franklin, Tenn. 

Browning, Samuel — Killed in battle of Stone River, 1862; grave 
265, Sec. D, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Burchfield, Edwin — Wounded at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Casner, Richard — Killed in action near Nashville, 1862. 

Clark, Charles. 

Clemmens, Warren — Wounded in action at Kenesaw Mountain. 

Colter, William J. 

Coy, William — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Day, John S. 

Dickerson, Eli — Died at Nashville, 1863. 

Dickerson, Samuel C. 

Dillon, James T. — Killed in action at Kenesaw Alountain, Ga., 
1864; grave, 278, Sec. I, Marietta, Ga. 

Dusenberry, Lsaac. 

Dwyer, James. 

Ellis, Charles P. — Captured in battle of Stone River, Tenn., 1862; 

Emerson, Albert B. — Wounded in action. 

Felton, James A. 

Flagg, John W. — Died at Gallatin, Tenn., 1862 ; grave at Nashville. 

Fortune, Daniel — Wounded in action. 

Foster, Crispin — Wounded in action. 

Graves, James W. 

Hamilton, Thomas — Wounded at Missionary Ridge. 

Harbaugh, Frederick. 

Hawk, Charles. 

Howell, Benjamin — Stunned by exploding shell in battle of Mis- 
sion Ridge. 

Howell, Martin — Died in hospital at Nashville, 1864; grave 496, 
Sec. J. 

Hughes, Adoniram f. 


Infield, Henry. 

Keiser, John. 

Kennedy, Willis W. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Kepler, John J. — Transferred to Co. G, i6th Regt., Veteran Re- 
serve Corps. 

Lacy, Joseph T. — Killed in battle of ^Mission Ridge, 1863; grave 
779, Sec. D, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Leech. Jacob — Killed in battle of Mission Ridge, 1863; grave 
626, Sec. D, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

McBride, Thomas J. 

McClain, Thomas — Mustered as wagoner. 

McClure, Alexander — Transferred to Co. B, ist Regt., U. S. Vet- 
eran Volunteer Engineers. 

McCreary, George D. — Died at Nashville, 1863: grave 402, 
Sec, B. 

McEnery, William — Wounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Marshall, William S. 

]\fobley. Anion F. — Died in hospital at Gallatin, Tenn., 1863; 
grave at Nashville. 

Murphy, James P. — Detailed as provost guard at Corps Head- 

Musgrove, William — \\'ounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Norman, Charles. 

Norman, Jabez — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave 42, Sec. A. 

Patcher, James W. — Transferred to 35th Co., 2d Battalion 
V. R. C. 

Reav, Peter — Killed in battle of ^lission Ridge; grave 661, Sec. 
D, Chattanooga. 

Reay, \\'illiam T. — Died in hospital at INIurfreesboro. Tenn., 1863; 
grave 22, Sec. L 

Rich, Henry. 

Ririe, James. 

Robinson, John H. 

Seward, Edmund C. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

ShaeiTer, George. 

Shannon, Samuel. 

Smailes, Samuel — Mustered as musician. 

Stockman, Harrison — Wounded in battle of Franklin, Tenn.. 1864. 


Tapner, Mathias — Died from wounds received in battle of Stone 
River; grave 8ii, Sec. B, Nashville. 

Thomas, James P. — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave 453, Sec. D. 

Thomas, William D. — Killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain, 
1864; grave 277, Sec. I, Marietta, Ga. 

Thornsley, Joseph — Died from wounds received in battle of Mis- 
sion Ridge; grave 799, Sec. D, Chattanooga. 

Thornsley, Robert. 

Toland, George D. 

Treanor, James. 

Watson, John — Died from wounds received in battle of Mission 
Ridge; grave in Oak Ridge cemetery, Coshocton. 

Weisser, Adam — Died at Nashville, 1863; grave in National cem- 
etery, Nashville. 

Weisser, William — Died at Louisville. Ky., 1863; grave in Oak 
Ridge cemetery, Coshocton. 

Westlake, George. 

Wicken, George. 

Williams, Henry — Transferred to Co. H, Sixth Regiment, Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps. 

Williams, Philip W. 

Wilson, James S. — Died at Jeffersonville, Ind., 1864; grave 561, 
Sec. B, New Albany, Ind. 

Wilson, Joseph A. — Captured in battle of Stone River; wounded 
in battle of Franklin, Tenn. 

Wilson, William R. 

Wolf, James — Mustered as Musician. 

Wright, John W. — \\'ounded in battle of Mission Ridge. 

Wright, Salathiel — Died at Nashville, 1862; grave 323, Sec. B. 

Throughout the early period of enlistment from this countv none 
passed through a more trying ordeal between duty to country and 
devotion to family than Captain B. F. Sells. At length no further 
remonstrance came. She whose frail health had held him back was 
resigned to the inevitable, the natural course of her w^hose ancestry 
was liberty-loving American stock that signed the Declaration of 
Independence. Today the widow of this soldier of the Mexican and 
Civil war bears her part with the silent fortitude of the invalid life 


^, ■ ' ', '.-^.1 ^.J^MB^^SEm 




which has been hers, a sorrowful rebuke to unseeing eyes at Wash- 

Captain Sells was only a few days among the hills and in by-ways, 
enrolling his company, "the premier of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
second Ohio, stalwart young men off farms, well reared and edu- 
cated," the Captain described with the pride which he always had in 
Co. D, a pride akin to his whole-souled afifection for Colonel 
\y. H. Ball. 

The One Hundred and Twenty-second Ohio, which included two 
Coshocton companies, was praised for bravery on the battlefield. At 
the wavering battle of Winchester, when part of the regiment escaped 
capture by retreat to Harper's Ferry, the larger number reached 
Bloody Run, where Captain Sells, senior officer, assumed command as 
Brevet Colonel. The detachment, then in General Kelly's depart- 
ment, headcjuarters at Cumberland, ]\Id., was ordered to join the 
One Hundred and Twenty-second in the Third Division, Sixth Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, 1863. From winter quarters near Brandy 
Station the One Hundred and Twenty-second moved with the corps 
across the Rappahannock and the Rapidan. Near Mine Run, recorded 
Captain Sells, "for two days the Southern army and the Union army 
were drawn up in line of battle in sight of each other, but for some 
unaccountable reason of which I never was apprised our army 
retreated under cover of darkness. The following day our Division 
met a part of General Lee's army in the battle of Locust Grove. Many 
were killed and wounded on both sides in this engagement which only 
ended when darkness covered the bloody field along Mine Run. In 
1864 the One Hundred and Twenty-second was almost daily under 
fire while advancing with Grant and taking part in the battles of the 
Wilderness, Tolopotomy, in the trenches before Petersburg, and 
pursuing Early in the Shenandoah Valley. 

The battles of the One Hundred and Twenty-second Ohio : 

Union Mills, Va. (Winchester), June 13, 1863. 

Winchester Heights, Va., June 14, 1863. 

Stevenson's Depot, Va., June 15, 1863. 

Brandy Station, Va., November 8, 1863. 

Mine Run or Orange Grove, Va., November 26-28, 1863. 

Wilderness, Va., May 5-7, 1864. 

Spottsylvania C. H., Va., May 9-18, 1864. 


Tolopotomy Creek, \'a., May 29-31, 1864. 

Cold Harbor, \'a., June 1-12, 1864. 

Petersburg-, \'a. (Weldon Raih-oad), June 22-22,, 1864. 

Ream's Station, Va., June 29, 1864. 

Monocacy, Md., July 9, 1864. 

Snicker's Ferry, \'a., July 18, 1S64. 

Charleston, \'a., August 21, 1864. 

Halltown and Sniithfield, \"a., August 24-25, 1864. 

Opequan, A'a., September 19. 1864. 

Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22, 1864. 

Cedar Creek, \^a., October 19, 1864. 

Petersburg, A'a., ]\Iarch 25 and April 2, 1865. 

Sailor's Creek. \"a., April 6, 1865. 

Appomattox, \'a., April 9, 1865. 

i22d REGBIENT O. V. I. 
Company D 
Mustered in Sept. 30, 1862. Mustered out June 26, 1S65. 

Benjamin F. Sells, Captain — As Brevet Colonel commanded de- 
tachment of regiment, 1863. 

Joseph Work, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant, 1864; 
killed in battle of the Wilderness ; grave at Fredericksburg, Va. 

William A. Magruder, Captain — Promoted from Sergeant and 
First Lieutenant, Co. K. 

James M. Sells, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Second Lieu- 

Christian A. Shroyer, First Sergeant — Promoted from Private and 
Corporal ; captured in battle of \\'inchester, Va. ; prisoner in Libby 
and Belle Isle; wounded in battle of the Wilderness and Opequan 

Henry Forrest, Sergeant — Mortally wounded in battle of the 
Wilderness, Va., 1864; grave 14, row A, Sec. A, Fredericksburg, Va. 

Jacob M. Rodger s. Sergeant — Wounded in battle of the Wilder- 

David G. Cooper, Sergeant. 

George W. Hughes, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Cor- 
poral ; wounded before Petersburg. 

Joseph Cross, Sergeant — Promoted from Private and Corporal. 


John H. Ravir, Sergeant — Promoted from Corporal: captured in 
battle of Winchester ; mortally wounded in battle of Cedar Creek, Va., 
i(S64; grave at Winchester, Va. 

John W. Watson, Corporal. 

John W. Phillips, Corporal. 

Andrew D. Keefer, Corporal — Died at Cumberland, Aid., 1S62; 
grave at Antietam, Md. 

Hugh Lynch, Corporal — From Co. I ; promoted from Private. 

Alartin \'"ance. Corporal — Promoted from Private; wounded in 
battle of Aline Run, \'a. ; killed in battle of Tolopotomy Creek, Va., 

William H. Fry, Corporal — Promoted from Private: mortally 
wounded in battle of the Wilderness; grave at Fredericksburg, Va. 

Oilman B. Stephens, Corporal — Alortally wounded in battle of 
Winchester, \'a. 

lohn Cochran, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William Camp, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John W. Alagruder, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

William H. Diven, Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

John C. Speck. Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

George Loders, Corporal — Captured in battle of Winchester; 
promoted from Private. 

John H. Way. Corporal — Promoted from Private: transferred to 
Twenty-third Co.. Second Battalion. A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Solomon Werts, Corporal. 

Robert Brink — Corporal — Promoted from Private : killed in battle 
of Opequan, \'a. ; grave at Winchester. 

Charles White, Musician — Fnlisted 1S64. 

George Hiler. Musician — Enlisted 1S64. 


Adams, George W. — Died on Governor's Island, Xew York, 1863; 
grave 826, Cypress Hill cemetery. Long Island. 

Bertho, Charles. 

Biechler, Lewis. 

Billman, Ira C. — Captured in battle of Winchester ; transferred to 
\>teran Reserve Corps. 

Binger, Samuel. 


Blackford, Noah. 

Bodine, Adam — Captured in battle of Winchester; transferred to 
Co. F, Eighteenth Regiment, V. R. C. 

Bryan, Ambrose. 

Bryant, George W. — Enlisted 1863. 

Buckmaster. James — From Co. G; captured in battle of Win- 

Calentine, William H. 

Carnahan, Findlay. 

Carter, James. 

Casebier, John — Died at New Creek, \\\ Va., 1862. 

Clark, A'incent — Mortally wounded in battle of Mine Run, Va. ; 
grave at Alexandria. A'a. 

Cly, John P. — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Cochran, James O. 

Cooper, James B. — A\'ounded in action. 

Cox, Augustus. 

Cross, Elisha. 

Darr, John — Died at Winchester, Va., 1S63. 

Davis, John M. P. — Died at Brandy Station, Va., 1863; grave at 
Culpeper C. PL, Va. 

Donnelly, Thomas J. — Drafted, 1864. 

Ducker, William — From Co. B; captured in battle of Winchester. 

Elliott. Samuel H. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Feas, Gottlieb — From Co. G. 

Fortner, Eli — Wounded in battle of Mine Run, Va., 1S63. 

Fortner. Peter — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Fretague, Henry. 

Gilbert, Joseph — AJortally wounded in battle of the V'ilderness, 
Va., 1864; grave at Fredericksburg, Va. 

Goodman, James H. 

Gribler, Jacob — Killed in battle of the AA'ilderness, 1864; grave at 
Fredericksburg, Va. 

Hamersley, Thomas J. — Transferred to Co. B. 

Hankinson, Robert ^I. — From Co. I ; transferred to A'eteran 
Reserve Corps. 

Harper, Samuel A. 

Higgins, John — Captured in battle of Winchester. 


Hoagland, Henry — From Co. G ; captured in battle of the Wilder- 
ness; exchanged. 

Hahn, David. 

Hunter, Thomas — Captured in battle of the Wilderness; wounded 
in battle of Mine Run. 

Huston, Richard. 

Jewell, Zachariah M. — Captured in battle of Winchester; wounded 
in battle of Mine Run; transferred to Co. F., Eighteenth Regiment, 
V. R. C. 

Keiser, George — Prisoner of war. ,, 

Kincaid, William W. 

King, George — Transferred to V. R. C. 

King, William — Wounded in action. 

Lafiin, John. 

Layland, James — Died at A\inchester, \'a., 1863. 

McFee, William — Captured in battle of \\'inchester. 

Marshman, Robert — [Mortally wounded in battle of ]\line Run, Va.. 
1863: grave 1223, Alexandria, A'a. 

Martin, Alexander — Died at Annapolis, Md., 1863. 

]\liller, James — Transferred to 124th Co., 2d Battalion, V. R. C. 

Moore, John — Transferred to Co. C. 12th Regiment, V. R. C. 

Morton, Frank — From Co. L 

Mullen, Thomas. 

]\Iurphv, Patrick. 

Murray, Adam. 

Myers, John. 

Nelson, John T. — [Mortally wounded in battle of Tolopotomy 
Creek, Va. 1864; grave at Arlington, Va. 

Neptune, Samuel — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Norris, Aaron. 

O'Donnell, Joseph — From Co. I : captured in battle of AA'inchester. 

Phillips, Samuel — From Co. I. 

Powelson, John G. — Died in Rebel Prison at Florence, S. C. 1865. 

Reay, V' illiam — From Co. I ; captured in battle of Winchester ; 
transferred to V. R. C. 

Ridenbaugh, John ^^^ 

Roderick, \Mlliam — Died at AMnchester, Va., 1863. 

Ronev, William. 


Ross, Levi — Captured in battle of \\'inchester ; died at Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1864; grave at Arlington. 

Saxton, James H. — Wounded in battle of Mine Run, Va. ; died in 
Rebel Prison, Florence, S. C, 1864. 

Settlemyer, Ferdinand. 

Stringfellow, James C. — Transferred to V. R. C, 76th Co., 2d 

Tipton, Francis AT. — Died at Washington, D. C, 1864; grave in 
Harmony cemetery. 

Totten, William — Captured in battle of Winchester; missing in 
battle of the Wilderness. 

Tumblin, Charles. 

Wheeler, Caleb C. — Captured in l)attle of Winchested and the 
Wilderness; died at Andersonville, 1864. 

W^right, Lewis C. 

^^'right, William R. 

Mustered in Oct. 5, 1862. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

Orlando C. Farquhar, Captain. 

Gilbert H. Bargar, Captain — Promoted from First Lieutenant, 
1864; resigned. 

Charles J. Gibson, Captain — Brevet Alajor, 1865; promoted from 
Second Lieutenant Co. A. and First Lieutenant Co. D. 

Benjamin F. Power, First Lieutenant — Appointed from First Ser- 
geant Co. C. ; promoted to Captain Co. C. 

William Gorseline, First Lieutenant — Promoted from Sergeant. 

John W. Anderson, Second Lieutenant — Resigned, 1863. 

Asbury W. Webster, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First 
Sergeant Co. H and to First Lieutenant Co. D. 

James E. Bradfield, Second Lieutenant — Promoted from Sergeant, 
Co. D. 

Josiah Norman. Second Lieutenant — Promoted from First Ser- 
geant; died in Coshocton County, 1864. 

Calvin C. Alyser, First Sergeant. 

Daniel Shook, Sergeant — Captured in battle of Winchester, Va.., 


Samuel W. Daugherty, Sergeant — Captured in battle of Win- 

Thomas P. Chance, Sergeant — Appointed from Corporal. 

Edwin Powell. Sergeant — Captured in l)attle of Winchester ; 
appointed from Corporal. 

George Graham. Corporal — Transferred to 105th Co.. 2d Bat- 
talion. A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

James S. Anderson. Corporal. 

^^'illiam C. Gribben. Corporal — From Co. I. 

Ezekiel Polan, Corporal — Promoted from Private: killed in battle 
of Cold Harbor, Va., 1864. 

Amos Winklepleck. Corporal — Promoted from Private. 

Lewis D. Barge. Corporal — Captured in battle of Winchester, 
Va., 1863; appointed from Private. 

Robert Axline, Corporal — Captured in acti(in near Brandy 
Station. \"a.. 1863; promoted from Private. 

Alexander Fenton, Corporal — Promoted frorm Private. 

Levi Brown, Corporal. 

James H. Polan, Corporal — From Co. I. 

John H. Loveless, Musician. 

John W. Law, Musician. 


Arnold, Thomas G. 

Bailey, Levi. 

Barr, Daniel — Captured in battle of \A'inchester. 

Berry, Caleb. 

Boyd, George — Captured in battle of Winchester; wounded in bat- 
tle of Opequan, \'a., 1864: transferred to Co. F, loth Regiment, Vei- 
eran Reserve Corps. 

Brillhart, \\'illiam R. — \\'ounded in battle of Petersburg. Va... 

Buckmaster, Amos — Transferred to Co. D as James Buckmaster; 
captured in battle of \\'inchester. 

Carr, George W. — Captured in battle of \\'inchester. 

Cassiday, George — Wounded in battle of Winchester. 

Cassidav, William. 


Clay, Oliver — Captured in battle of the Wilderness; died in Rebel 
Prison at Andersonville, Ga., 1864. 

Collins, Washington — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Daug-herty, Nathan A. — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Donovan, William. 

Dwyer, Richard — Captured in battle of Winchester; transferred 
to V. R. C. 

Emerson, Benjamin B. — Died at Wheeling, W. Va., 1863. 

Flickinger, Andrew J. 

Fortune, McConnell — Died at Winchester, Va., 1863. 

Fretague, John H. — Wounded in battle of Cedar Creek, Va., 1864. 

Garber, David — Died in Coshocton County, 1862. 

Gephart, Peter — Captured in action near Brandy Station, Va., 

Goodhue, Seth. 

Hamby, James — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Hamby, Samuel M. — Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Harmon, David M. — Killed in battle of Mine Run, Va., 1863; 
grave at Fredericksburg, Va. 

Flarmon, George W. 

Hawk, John. 

Hawkins, John — Killed in battle of Mine Run; grave at Freder- 
icksburg, Va. 

Hinds, Lewis. 

Huff, Zebulon. 

Huston, Archibald — Transferred to Co. A. 

Jones, George B. — Captured in action near Brandy Station. 

Kinney, Porter B. 

Kost, David W. 

Lewis. Samuel. 

Lower, Enos J. — Captured in battle of Mine Run; died in Rebel 
Prison, Richmond, Va., 1864. 

McClain, Nathaniel C. C. — Captured in battle of the Wilderness. 

McPherson, George W. 

McPherson, Thomas — Died at Winchester, Va., 1863. 

Martin, Archibald. 

Martin, Luther B. 


Maxfield, Emery — Captured in battle of Winchester; died in Rel)el 
Prison, Richmond, Va., 1863; grave 175, row i. Sec. C. 

]\Iaxfield, James E. 

Miller. John T. — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Alilligan, Benjamin — Transferred to A'eteran Reserve Corps. 

Milligan, John A. 

]\Iinor. John — Captured in l)attle of ^^'inchester ; died at Annap- 
olis, ^Id., 1865. 

]\Iizer, David B. — Mortally wounded in battle of Cold Harbor, 
Va., 1864. 

Aloore, Charles — From Co. F; captured in battle of Winchester. 

Aloore, Henry — Killed in action at Spottsylvania, V'd., 1864; grave 
at Fredericksburg, Ya. 

]\Iurphy, Thomas J. — Wounded in l)attle of the Wilderness: cap- 
tured in action near Brandv Station ; prisoner in Libliy and Ander- 

Norman, Andrew B. 

Philabaum, Christopher — Captured in battle of AA'inchester. 

Putt. George W. 

Pyles, \A'illiam — Captured in Ijattle of \\'inchester ; transferred to 
Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Reed, David — From Co. I. died in Xew York; grave at Cypress 
Hill, Long Island. 

Reed. Xathaniel C. — W(iun(le<l in battle of Sailor's Creek. Ya.. 

Riggle, Edward — From Co. I. 

Riggle, Thomas — Died at Frederick, ]\Id., 1863; grave ^2/, row 
F, Sec. I. Antietam. Md. 

Rinehart. Joel \Y. 

Spaulding, L}-man. 

Stafford, Sr., Isaac — Transferred to A^eteran Reserve Corps. 

Stultz. Andrew P. — Promoted to Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Thacker, Palestine — Captured in action at Brandy Station. 

Thomas. David W. 

AA'ard, \\'illiam — Captured in battle of \\'inchester. 

Wirts, Samuel A. — Captured in battle of Winchester. 

Worley, Peter. 

Yunker, George AA'. — Captured in battle of AA'inchester ; died at 
Annapolis, Md., 1863. 


With Date of Entering Service. 

Baker, John — 1864, drafted. 

Ball, Henry C. — Substitute. 

Barrett, Allen — 1864, substitute. 

Betts, John J.— 1864, drafted. 

Bowman, John H. — 1864, substitute. 

Brannigan, Michael — 1864. substitute. 

Buckalew, William — 1864, substitute, transferred to Department 
of the Northwest. 

Burk, John S.— 1864, drafted. 

Fenney, John — 1864, substitute. 

Fillinger, Christopher — 1864, drafted. 

Ford, Daniel — 1864, substitute. 

Geltz, Anton — 1864, substitute. 

Geng, George — 1864, drafted. 

Graf, Charles — 1864, substitute. 

Groves, Jacob. — 1864, substitute. 

Haines, Charles — 1864, substitute. 

Hauser, John — 1864, substitute. 

Kelly, Bernard — 1864, substitute. 

King, William — 1864, substitute. 

Kinney, John E. — 1864, substitute. 

Lepper, Stephen — 1864, substitute; captured in battle of Snicker's 
Ferry, Va. ; died in Rebel Prison, Danville, Va., 1865. 

Lindsay, Jacob S. — 1864, drafted. 

Loyd, William P.— 1864, drafted. 

McDonald, John — 1864, drafted, captured in battle of Snicker's 
Ferry, Va., 1864. 

McGaha, George W. — 1864, substitute. 

McKay, William E.— 1864, drafted. 

Metzer, Sebastian — 1864, substitute. 

Miller, Ira A.— 1864, drafted. 

Nicholson, Gabriel- — 1864, drafted. 

O'Neill, Nicholas — 1864, substitute. 

Pew, \\'illiam — 1864, drafted; died at Frederick, Md. ; grave 114, 
row C, Sec. i, Antietam, Md. 


Rutherford, Nathan — 1S64, drafted. 

Sparks, Alexander R. — 1864, drafted. 

Starr, Manley — 1864, substitute. 

Strock, Martin — 1864, drafted. 

Taylor, Isaac — 1864, drafted. 

Van Fleet, Felix — 1864, drafted. 

Will, Anthony — 1864; substitute, transferred to Department of 
the Northwest. 

Woodruff, Eleazer — 1864, drafted. 

Ziegler, Levi B. — 1864, drafted. 

A part of the Sixty-ninth Battalion, Ohio National Guard, formed 
two companies from Coshocton County in the I42d Ohio Reg'iment. 
From the national capital the I42d marched to Fort Lyon, thence 
moved by steamer to White House Landing, where it was sent to 
guard a supply train through the Wilderness to Grant's front near 
Cold Harbor. The sixteen-mile march was made in the day. General 
Meade ordered the regiment to report to General B. F. Butler at Ber- 
muda Hundred but without landing there it was assigned to Point of 
Rocks, below Petersburg. Guard, picket and fatigue duty before 
Petersburg and along the James filled the remaining days of the 
regiment's service. A fort at Turkey Bend, on the James, was built 
within shell range of the enemy. At one time while destroying a 
line of earthworks near Petersburg our boys were attacked but held 
their ground steadily under fire, and with help of reinforcements 
drove the enemy. 


Hundred Days' Service. 

Company E 

Mustered in ]\Iay 13, 1864. ^Mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 

Lambert B. Wolfe. Captain Alilton Brelsford, Corporal 

Benjamin F. Leighninger, Sec- B. F. Chamberlain, Corporal 

ond Lieutenant ]\liIton N. Wolfe, Corporal 

Ralph L. Barcroft, Sergeant Alonzo Sibley, Musician 

William McLaughlin, Sergeant Joh;i A. Weatherwax, First 
Hiram Phillips, Corporal Lieutenant 

Aaron G. Hedge, Corporal Joseph Fletcher, First Sergeant 

Oren Jennings, Corporal Anderson Hedge, Sergeant 



Charles Conley, Sergeant 
T. W. Culbertson, Corporal 
George Leighninger, Corporal — 
Died in Satterlee Hospital, 

Joseph Love, Fifer 
Asa H. Loos, Corporal 

Philadelphia. 1864 


Aronholt, Adam 
Aunspaugh, Lewis F. 
Babcock, Truesdale 
Baker, Esaias D. 
Barcroft, David 
Bible. Josiah 
Bowers, Chris 
Brewer. Jacob 
Brillhart, Samuel J. 
Buckmaster, Judson 
Casebeer, Isaac 
Chauvront, Samuel G. 
Duling, Hiram 
Duling, Martin 

Fowler, \\'illiam H. — Died on 
board steamer ^Monitor, 1864; 
grave 47, row 19, Sec. E, 
Hampton. Va. 
Fox, Eli 
Frazee, James 
Fuller, Jr., Benjamin 
Green, Josiah 
Hedge, Porter 
Holser, Peter 

ennings. Hiram W. 

ohnson, James H. 

ones, Joseph 

ones. Oliver P. 

ones, Samuel 
Kelley, Dean 
Leighninger. Levi 
Lewis, Abraham 

Loos, Adam 

McCoy, Andrew J. 

McGuire. Francis — Died on 
steamer Andrew Harder, 
1864; grave at Arlington. 

McKee, Samuel 

McClain, James A. 

Magness, Walter S. — Died near 
Camp Hatcher's, Va., 1864. 

Matheney, Charles H. 

Matheney, John M. 

]^Ieek, Sedorus 

Moffet, Asa \Y. 

Morrison, John 

Mulvane. David B. 

Xorman, David 

Owens, Richard 

PhilHps, David B. 

Phillips, John 

Phillips, Philemon 

Poland, James A. 

Potter, Adam 

Price, Washington J. 

Rehard, Joel 

Rehard, Lemuel 

Richmond, James J.. 

\\anolinda, Henry 

\^anolinda, James 

A^ansickle, Levi 

Vansickle, William 

Walton, Jasper L. 

Weatherwax. James F.. 



Wells, Elias B. 

AA'est, Harrison — Died in camp 

near Hatcher's Run, Va., 

\\'illiams, William ]M. — Died in 

General Hospital, Fortress 

]\Iustered in May 13, 1S64. 

Caleb \\'heeler. Captain 

Solomon ]\IcXabb, Second Lieu- 

Joseph J. ]\Iaggs, Sergeant 

Leander H. Hoyle, Sergeant 

Aaron Clark, Corporal 

John ^^'. Aloore, Corporal 

John \\'. Thompson. Corporal 

Adam Trimble, Corporal 


Amnions, Joshua 

Barcroft, John H. 

Barrett, Alexander 

Barrett, James 

Barrett, John 

Bateman, ^latthew 

Bonnett, John H. 

Brillhart, Henry H. 

Calhoun, Xewton 

Campbell, Daniel 

Carter, Thomas 

Churchill, John S. 

Clark, Alonzo 

Clark, John W. — Died in Gen- 
eral Hospital, Hampton, Va., 

Crooks, George 

Cullison, Daniel 

Cullison, John 

Alonroe, \*a., 1864; grave at 

Hampton, Va. 
Williamson, Johnson 
Williamson, \MlIiam 
\\'olfe. ^^^illiam 
\\"ood\vard. Stephen P. 

AX^' G 

. ^Mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
David Lawson, First Lieutenant 
Joseph J. Barrett, First Sergeant 
John Johnson, Sergeant 
John J. Given, Sergeant 
John AA'. Edwards, Corporal 
William H. Cullison, Corporal 
Cyrus Elder, Corporal 
George W. Cullison, Corporal 

Cullison, Aloses 
Cullison, Thomas H. 
Daniels, David 
Darr, John 

Dehuff, Charles — Died in hos- 
pital. Washington. D. C, 
1864: grave at Arlington 
Deviney. Samuel 
Dorsey. Alfred 
Downs, Jesse 
Finck. Charles C. 
Fry. Stanton 
Gilbert, Silas 
Gwin, XToah C. 
Haines, Henrv 
Hubenthal, ^^'illiam 
Jones, Thomas G. 
Knoff. Samuel 
Kvle. Robert 



Lamma, William M. 

Landers, Joseph 

Lanning, Silas 

Little, John 

Little, Thomas 

Long", Robert 

McCo)% Corwin 

McCoy, Joseph 

Mackey, Andrew J. 

Masterson, William F. 

Miller, Daniel 

Ogan, Levi — Died in Depot 
Hospital near Point of Rocks, 
Md., 1864; grave 155, row 2, 
Sec. A, City Point, Va. 

Phillips, Reuben 

Plummer, Harvey 

Pomeroy, Madison 

Pool, William R. 

Schooley, Thomas O. 

Smith, George W. 

Smitli, Joseph 

Smith, Ransom 

Speaks, John 

Stanton, John W. — Promoted to 

Commissary Sergeant 
Stewart, William 
Stover, George W. 
Taylor, John 
Terry, Hiram 
Thompson, Newton G. 
Tredway, Garrett S. 
T red way, Joseph 
Ullman, Franklin 
Willis, Richard 
Willson, Charles W. 
Wolford, Henry A. 
Younker, John 

Richcreek, David 

Of the Sixty-ninth Battalion, Ohio National Guard, there were 
three companies from Coshocton County that became part of the 143d 
Ohio Regiment. At Washington the regiment was assigned to Gen- 
eral Haskin's Division of the Twenty-second Army Corps, and placed 
on duty in Forts Slemmer, Slocum, Stevens and Totten, north of 
the Potomac and defending the national capital. June 8th the 14,3d 
moved to Bermuda Hundred, was assigned to the Tenth Army Corps, 
and placed in the entrenchments at City Point, around Richmond 
and Petersburg. The regiment completed its service at Fort 

143d REGIMENT, O. V. I. 
Hundred Days Service. 
Company E 
Mustered in May 12, 1864. Mustered out Sept. 13, 1864. 
Nicholas R. Tidball, Captain. Reuben Jennings, Sergeant — 

John Willis, Second Lieutenant. Died at Wilson's Landing, 

Charles C. Thompson, Sergeant. 

Va., 1864; grave 119, Sec. C, 
Glendale, Va. 



John S. Day, Corporal. 
David S. Waggoner, Corporal. 
George Moffitt, Corporal. 
Danforth W. Horton, Corporal. 
Lonzo McClure, Musician. 
Jacob \^incel, Wagoner. 
David F. Denman, First Lieut. 
Moses L. Norris, First Sergeant. 
Jeremiah D. Evans, Sergeant. 


Anderson, Samuel. 

Bricker, Andrew J. 

Butler, William E. — Died at 
Hampton Hospital, \''a., 1864. 

Cass, Howard. 

Church, Hiram. 

Dennis, John — Died at Wilson's 
Landing, Va., 1864; grave 
123, Sec. C, Glendale, Va. 

Donohew, James A. 

Elliott, John B. 

Engle, Jackson. 

Ewing, Daniel H. 

Fortune, John. 

Fortune. \\'illiam H. H. 

Frew, \\'illiam C. 

Gilbert, George W. 

Glover, Joel C. — Died at Fort 
Pocahontas, Vs... 1864; grave 
at Glendale, Va. 

Hammontree, Franklin. 

Hart, Harrison. 

Hastings, Enos W. 

Hay, Addison C. — Died at Hamp- 
ton Hospital, Va., 1864. 

Hay, John P. 

Jennings, Alexander. 

James Hay, Sergeant — Ap- 
pointed from Private. 

David Laffer, Sergeant — Ap- 
pointed from Corporal. 

h'erdinand Sedelmyer, Corporal. 

William Watson, Corporal. 

William H. ^laberry. Corporal. 

[''rancis J. Guenther, Corporal. 

ALatthew S. Beebe, Musician. 

LeClare, Oliver. 
Linzey, Martin L. 
Lonzer, William. 
Love, Robert H. 
Lutes, \\'illiam F. 
McMichael, Edward — Died at 

Hampton, \'a., 1864. 
Marlatt, Lemuel. 
Marlatt, Wesley. 
Milner, John E. 
Mohler, Reuben A. 
Murphy, Edwin H. 
Myers, David T. 
Norman, John W. 
Oxlev, John E. 
Parson, Thomas. 
Perkins, Alfred P. 
Randies, James P. 
Richards, Alexander. 
Richards, Joseph. 
R'cketts, Samuel L. 
Ringler, Emmanuel. 
Sands, Robert. 

Scott, Thomas C. — Died at Wil- 
son's Landing, \'a., 1864. 
Scott, William. 
Sherrard, John W. 



Smith, Lewis S. 
Stierheim, Michael. 
Stewart, Andrew. 
Stone, James R. 
Strickland, Francis 
Swartz, Nicholas. 
Taylor, Samuel. 
Tidball, Wilson S. 
Tish, John. 
Vensel, George M. 
Vensel, Joseph H. 

Waggoner, Harrison. 

Wait, John T. 

Webb, William. 

Wells, Aaron D. 

Wells, Thomas J. 

West, Elias— Died at Point of 
Rocks, Md., 1864; grave 93, 
row I, Sec. F, City Point, Va. 

Whinery, Lindley H. 

Williamson, Jacob A. 

Williamson, William H. 


Mustered in May 13, 1864. 
John L. Daugherty, Captain. 
Daniel Rose, Second Lieutenant. 
Leander Bryant, Color Sergeant. 
John W. Graves, Sergeant. 
Thomas Le Retilley, Sergeant — 

Promoted from Corporal. 
William Austin, Corporal. 
Joseph Graves, Corporal. 
Samuel S. Waddell, Corporal. 
Lewis H. Reed, Musician. 
Samuel Squires, Wagoner. 

Mustered out Sept. 13, 1864. 
Andrew J. Stover, First Lieut. 
Lewis Carhartt, First Sergeant. 
B. R. Shaw, Sergeant — Promoted 

to Quartermaster Sergeant. 
James W. Reed, Sergeant. 
Alexander McCullough, Corporal. 
William Hall, Corporal. 
Albert Wright, Corporal. 
Philip Bible, Corporal. 
Nathaniel Graves, Corporal. 
Martin G. Hack, Musician. 

Akeroyd, Henry. 
Allen, John. 
Barcroft, Jeremiah. 
Blackburn, Joseph. 
Bradfield, Henry. 
Bradfield, William. 
Brenemen, James. 
Cain, Lewis. 
Catterell, Franklin. 
Chaney, Moses. 
Cook, Thomas. 


Cox, William H. 
Cullison, William. 
Dawson, Jeremiah. 
Dawson, William. 
Dodd, William— Died at Wil- 
son's Landing, Va., 1864. 
Doolittle, Jared. 
Dunfee, John. 
Dunfee, William. 
Edwards, Thomas J. 
Finnell, Robert. 



Finnell, Thomas A. 

Fortune, Jesse. 

( iooden, Samuel. 

( jraham, James. 

Graves, Wesley. 

Hill, George. 

Hughes, Samuel. 

Huffman, Joseph — Died at For- 
tress Monroe, Va., 1864; 
grave 17, row 8, Sec. E, 
Hampton, Va. 

Huston, John. 

Kern, Daniel. 

Keys, Samuel. 

Larr, Daniel R. 

Lowery, James. 

Lowery, Thomas. 

McCullough, James. 

McCullough, William. 

Miller, Franklin D, 

Moffit, William J. 

Mulford, Henry. 

North. Joshua. 

Ogle. Albert. 

Owen, Lamar. 

I'eart, Joshua. 

Peoples, William. 

Piatt, Robert. 

Phillips, \\'illiam H 

Randies, Andrew J. 

Reed, John H. 

Reed, Josephus. 

Robinson, George C. 

Roney, George. 

Ross, ^^■illiam J. 

Shearon, George. 

Shrigley, James. 

Smith, Thomas. 

Squires, J. S. 

Stephens, John. 

Stone, John. 

Taylor, Joseph W. 

Turner, James W. 

\"aneman, Martin D. 

\'ansickle. Henry. 

A^insickle, John W. 

^^'right, George W.- — Died at 

Hampton, Va., 1864; grave 

22. row 8, Sec. E. 
\\'right, Henrv. 

Mustered in May 13, 1864. Mustered out Sept. 13, 1864. 

James Ririe, Captain. 
Nathan Elliott, Second Lieut. 
Eli Seward, Sergeant — Died at 

Wilson's Landing, Va., 1864; 

grave 125, Sec. C, Glendale, 

John Wier, Sergeant — Appointed 

from Corporal. 
Tohn AA'aters. Coriioral — Died in 

P>alfour Hospital, Portsmouth, 

A'a.. 1864; grave i, row 19, 

Sec. B, Hampton, Va. 
Robert ]\L Karr, Corporal. 
William B. Finlay, Corporal — 

IVomoted from Private. 
Aaron Fitzwater, Corporal — - 

Promoted from Private. 
.Miram Shafer, A\'agoner. 



John T. Crawford, First Lieut. 
William H. Park, First Sergeant. 
Nathan L. Glover, Sergeant. 
Andrew Jack, Sergeant. 
Thomas Love, Sergeant. 
John Darr, Corporal — Promoted 

from Private. 
John E. Baker, Corporal. 
Harvey Ford, Corporal. 

Robert Magee, Corporal. 

John S. Duncan, Corporal. 

Daniel Overholt, Corporal — Died 
in Balfour Hospital, Ports- 
mouth, Va., 1864; grave i, 
row 10, Sec. A, Hampton, Va. 

James P. Lanning, Musician. 

William F. Sands. Musician. 

Adams, John M. 
Andrews, Gabriel G. 
Andrews, John. 


Jack, William G. 
Karr, Andrew. 
Karr, John W. 

Bechtol, Samuel E. — Died in hos- Karr, Thomas L. 

pital. Fortress Monroe, 1864; Kuhn, George, 

grave 7, row 2, Sec. C, Hamp- Lawrence, Milon A. 

ton, Va. Leavett, Sylvester— 

Boyd, Henry. 
Boyd, James H. 
Boyd, John C. 
Boyd, Ramsey W. 
Boyd, Robert D. 
Bucklew, Francis M. 
Carnahan, Hammond. 
Carnahan, William A. 
Catterell, Leander. 
Darr, George. 
Darr, William. 
Davis, Joseph. 
Duncan, Jonas H. 
Duncan, Joseph R. 
Elliott. George W. 
Elliott, James. 
Ellis, Simeon H. 
Endsley, Thomas L. 
Endsley, William A. 
Farwell, W^ashington. 
Finlev, Robert B. 

Died in Mc- 
Dougall Hospital. New York ; 
grave in Cypress Hill ceme- 
tery. Long Island. 

Ling, Harrison. 

Ling, Joseph. 

Linn, John B. 

Lower, Benjamin J. 

McConnell, Alexander. 

Morehead, James L. 

Overholt, James A. 

Reed, James E. 

Ririe, Cyrus. 

Robertson, John J. 

Sayers, Thomas C. — Died in hos- 
pital. Fortress Monroe. 1864; 
grave 2. row 7, Sec. A. Hamp- 
ton, Va. 

Shannon, Harvey E. 

Shannon, Thomas. 

Shannon, William. 

Smith, Isaac M. 


Spangler, Emanuel. 

Stafford, Isaac. 

Stewart, David. 

Stewart, William — Died at Wil- 
son's Landing, Va., 1864; 
grave 115, Sec. C, Glendale, 

Stonehocker, Joseph. 

Stonehocker, Samuel. 
Thompson, Robert W. 
Turbet, Robert G. 
Waters, Richard. 
Whittemore, John. 
Williamson, John A. 
Williamson, Ebenezer. 
Winklepleck, Emanuel. 

In Sherman's march to the sea the cavalry included the Ninth 
Ohio of which Company M from Coshocton County was accorded 
special praise. Our mounted troops saw service in Kentucky and 
Tennessee during 1863, and the following year in Alabama until at- 
tached to General Sherman's army in Georgia. The Ninth Ohio 
Volunteer Cavalry also took part in the campaign of the Carolinas, 
1865. When these troops rode through Nashville the Times of that 
city described them as making an admirable showing. The musicians 
were mounted on cream-colored horses, the first company on black 
horses, the second on white horses, and the third on bavs. 

Company M 

James Irvine. Captain. 
Joseph McCullough, First Lieut. 
James Stonehocker, Second Lieut. 
John M. Carhartt, First Sergeant 

— Promoted to Lieutenant. 
Sylvester A. Ellis, Quartermaster. 
Thomas Carnahan, Commissary. 
James M. Humphrey, Sergeant. 
William Wicken, Sergeant. 
Charles M. Pike, Sergeant. 
John E. Snyder, Sergeant. 

Samuel P. Mingus. Sergeant. 
Stephen Knowles, Corporal. 
Martin W. Grififin, Corporal. 
Caleb S. Ely. Corporal. 
Robert E. Tavener. Corporal. 
Alexander Carnahan, Corporal. 
J. A. Williamson, Corporal. 
Thomas Richards, Corporal. 
Frank H. Penn, Corporal. 
John Glass, Saddler — Died at 
Athens, Ala., 1864. 

Allen, J. Ala., 1864. 

Allen, WilHam. Bible, J. 

Barton, L. W.— Died at Athens, Black, S. H. 



Borden, S. 

Butler, T. 

Carnahan, N. S. 

Collier, S. 

Comstock, M. 

Critchfield, C. H. 

Davis, J. W. 

Deems, Robert — Killed by 

guerrillas, 1865. 
Dickerson, T. 
Dusenberry, G. 
Donough, P. 
Edwards, T. J. 
Enright, W. 
Evans, A. 
Felton, Franklin — Died at Vin- 

ing Station, Ga., 1864. 
Fisher, G. 
Fivecoat, H. 
Farquhar, F. D. 
Frazee, J. T. 
Green, A. 
Green, G. 
Grier, J. 
Hazle, P. 
Hardesty, T. J. 
Harrington, M. 
Harrington, C. W. 
Hibbetts, G. 
Hoagland, S. 
Hoagland, J. 
Hook, S. 
Infelt, M. 
Jennings, Joseph. 
Joy, A. S. 
Keever, L. 
Lear, M. 

Leclair, A. 

Leech, D. 

Longbaugh, Lewis — Killed by 
guerrillas, 1865. 

Loos, J. H. 

Mankin, J. S. 

McCoy, Francis. 

McLaughlin, William. 

Michael, S. 

Oden, Levan. 

Perry, Israel. 

Porter, J. 

Rider, J. 

Schneid, C. F. 

Senter, Daniel — Died at Moores- 
ville, Ala., 1864. 

Slusser, G. W. 

Smith, C. 

Smith, W. 

Smith, J. 

Smith 2d, J. 

Starkey, W. C. 

Stonehocker, J. T. 

Stokes, L. 

Sykes, George. 

Taylor, A. 

Thacker, D. H. 

Thomas, J. 

Thomas, William. 

Tinsman, J. 

Wells, Albert— Killed by guerril- 
las, 1865. 

Wicken, John. 

Wines, J. 

Wright, B. F. — Perished in 
steamer Sultana explosion, 



Enlisted with Other Troops in the Civil War. 

Abbott, E. G., Co. E, 4th Indiana Artillery, wounded at Stone 
River, promoted from Private to Corporal. 
Adams, Thomas, Co. K, 210th Pa. V. I. 

Adams, Henry, Co. C, 67th O. V. I. and Co. C, 184th O. V. I. 
Angle, Malachi, Co. H, 157th O. \\ I. 
Allen, John \\., Co. G, lySth O. A\ I. 
Aunspaugh, Levi, Co. B, i42d O. V. I. 
Andrews, James, Co. D, 121st and 65th N. Y. V. I. 
Atkinson, Perry, Co. A, 88th O. V. I. 
Amnions, Cornelius, Co. G, 20th O. V. I. 
Amnions, Benjamin, Co. C, 52d O. V. I. 
Anderson, Isaac C, Co. H, iSQth O. V. I. 
Anderson, \\'. T., Co. H. 159th O. V. I. : 

Barcroft, R. L., Co. H, 32d O. V. I. 
Black, Ramon B., Co. C, 65th O. A'. I. 
Babcock, Arnold, Co. E, loyth O. \\ I. 
Benpenin, John, Co. E, 29th O. \\ I. 
Bahmer, V. E., Co. K. 51st O. Y. I. 
Babcock, D. W., Co. F, 15th O. Y. I. 
Baker, C. P., Co. A. 104th O. \\ I. 
Baker, Heslip W., Co. F, 47th O. \'. I. 
Balo, Stephen, Co. K, i6th O. Y. I. 
Boyd, Nicholas, Co. C, 78th O. Y. I. 
Barnes, Francis, Co. D, 164th O. Y. I. 
Bassett, John D., Co. B, 80th O. Y. I. 
Bell, Alexander, Co. E, 45th O. Y. I. 
Berkshire, Anson, Co. H, 178th O. V. I. 
Bible, George, Co. B, 38th O. Y. I. 
Blackledge, J. B., Co. F, 65th O. V. I. 
Bluck, Edward, Co. A, 194th O. A' . I. 
Bonnell, L. I., Co. E, 47th O. Y. I. 
Bostwick, AMlliam, Co. K, i42d O. V. I. 
Brown, A. G., Acting Assistant Surgeon L^. S. A. 
Brownfield, Robert, Co. I, 69th O. V. I., detailed in Pioneer Corps. 
Buckmaster, Richard, Co. K, 195th O. Y. I. 


Bussard, Peter, Co. K, 26th O. V. I. and Co. K, 45th O. \'. I. 

Brannon, W. A., Co. I, I22d O. V. I. 

Barclay, George AI., Co. A, it)4th O. V. I. 

Berlein, John, Co. C, 29th O. V. I. 

Bates. Joseph, Co. F, 57th O. V. I. 

Baker, John D., Co. H, 57th O. V. I. 

Bulz, Johnson, Co. G, 78th O. V. I. 

Beall, Benjamin, Co. F, ist O. S. S. 

Beall, Michael, Co. K, 43d O. V. I. 

Butler, John, Co. A, 9th O. V. C. 

Benell, James, Co. G, 126th O. V. I. 

Burt, R. W., Captain Co. H, 76th O. V. I., promoted from Second 
Lieutenant Co. G and First Lieutenant Co. I ; wounded in battle of 

Baldwin, C. O., Co. G, 115th O. V. L 

Brophy, Frank, Co. B, 196th O. V. L 

Baringer, Jacob, Co. E, 194th O. V. L 

Bowers, John, Co. A, 27th O. V. L 

Buchanan, John, Corporal Co. E, 191st O. V. L 

Beall, W. H., Co. A, 22d O. V. L 

Burris, John A., Co. B, 80th O. V. L 

Bush, N. C, Sergeant Co. A, — O. V. L 

Carhart, Lewis, leader Regimental Band, 51st O. V. L 

Collier, Zachariah, 12th O. V. C. 

Cain, David, Co. B, 80th O. V. L 

Carnahan, John, Co. H, i6th O. V. L 

Carr, Dr. J. G., First Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Surgeon, 
i66th O. V. L ; Assistant Surgeon, 26th O. V. V. L 

Carroll, Richard, Co. F, 15th O. V. V. I. 

Casebeer, Isaac, Co. B, i42d O. V. L 

Chamberlain, O. P., Corporal Co. K, 80th O. V. L, promoted 
from Private. 

Cline, Henry, Co. K, 98th O. V. L 

Cochran, French W., Corporal Battery F, 2d Ohio \^olunteer 
Heavy Artillery, promoted from Private. 

Campbell, J. C, Captain Co. A, 76th Pa. V. L 

Conrad, B. F., Co. F, 62d O. V. L 

Clark, Henry, Co. A, 9th O. V. C. 


Coles, John, Co. A, 88th O. V. I. 

ColHer, James N., Co. H, 178th O. V. I. 

Crist, C. E., Co. D, 126th O. V. I. 

Cross, W. A., Co. I, 69th O. V. I. 

Cross, James, Co. B, 80th O. A\ I., promoted to Sergeant. 

Crossley, Moses. Co. F, I22d O. X. I., wounded in Virginia. 

Crow, T. H., Co. G. 133d O. V. I. 

Culbertson, D. R., Co. A, 88th O. V. I. 

Curran, Daniel, Co. F, 143d O. Y. I., Co. F, 65th O. V. I., wounded 
at FrankHn. 

Cline, John, Co. K. 19th O. V. I. 

Cutshall, Samuel, Co. B, 51st O. V. I. 

Collins, G. H., Co. F, 62d O. V. I. 

Chalfant, H. M., Battery F, 2d O. V. H. A. 

Camp, Henry, Co. H, 13th O. V. I. 

Clark, S. R., Second Lieutenant, Co. G, 86th O. V. I. 

Crisswell, John, 194th O. V. I. 

Clark, Thomas, Co. C, 32d O. V. I. 

Cox, Samuel, Co. F, 78th O. V. I. 

Cooper, George W'., Sergeant Co. D, i6th O. V. I. 

Cox, Henry, Co. F, 78th O. V. I. 

Clarman, Jacob, Co. C, 76th O. V. I. 

Clark, James ]\I., Corporal Co. G, 97th O. V. I., transferred to 
Co. G, 26th O. V. I. 

Caton, Hamilton, Co. E, 78th O. V. I. 

Cain, Lewis, Co. D. ist LT. S. C. 

Cochran, J. A., Co. D, i6th O. V. L 

Darr, George, Co. H, 143d O. \". L 

Davis, David (Conesville), Co. D, 76th O. V. L, in a charge to 
retake battery before Atlanta, 1864, surprised and captured alone 
six rebels in charge of three L^nion prisoners, and took them all to 

Davis, Joseph, Co. H, 143d O. V. L 

Davis, Samuel, Co. I, 14th O. \\ L 

Dawson, Levi, Co. LL, 40th O. Y. L 

Decker, Harrison, Sergeant Co. H, i6th O. V. L 

De Witt, Jonathan, Co. B, 51st O. V. L 


Divan, W. H., Co. B, 1226. O. V. I., pi-omoted to Corporal, 
wounded in battle of the Wilderness. 

Dixon, Thomas, Co. K, 19th O. V. I., wounded at Chickamauga 
and Kenesaw Mountain, promoted to Corporal and Sergeant. 

Dougherty, Ross, Co. A, 88th O. V. I. 

Dillon, F.'w., Co. A, 194th O. V. I. 

Dunfee, Henry, Co. D, 76th O. V. I. 

Duling, Fletcher, Co. D, 33d O. V. I. 

Denman, Mathias, Co. A, 52d O. V. I., detailed adjutant clerk, 
died at Nashville, 1863. 

Davidson, William, Co. H, 97th Ind. 

Duling, David, Co. F, 57th O. V. I. 

Drummond, J. H., Co. K, 139th O. V. I. 

Donaker, Charles, Co. A, 33d O. V. I. 

Douglas, James, Co. D, 52d O. V. I. 

Deal, Rollin, Co. C, 185th O. V. I. 

Elben, Levi, Co. C, 66th O. V. I. 

Elson, William M., Co. I, 69th O. V. I., mortally wounded in battle 
of Mission Ridge. 

Elson, Tunis, Co. I, 69th O. V. I., died at Nashville, 1862, grave 
84, row 8, Sec. A. 

Elson. John D., Co. A, loth O. V. C. 

Evans, James D., ist Ohio Artillery, died at Camp Nelson, 1862." 

Edwards, J. T., Surgeon 97th O. V. I. 

Emerson, C. H.. Co. C, 97th O. ^^ I., wounded and died at 

Elhs, D. W., Co. K, i42d O. V. I. 

Endsley, James C, Co. I, i66th O. V. I. 

Erwin, Thomas J., Co. B, 24th O. V. I., wounded in Kentucky. 

Evans, Alexander, Co. K, 19th O. V. L 

Frichler, T. D., Co. I, 141st O. V. L 

Ferguson, S. T., Co. I, 185th O. V. L 

Felton, John, Co H, i5t'h Mich. V. L 

Ford, John, Co. G, 15th O. V. I. 

Fry, Samuel, Co. K, 43d O. V. , L 

Fry, Henry O., Co. K, 43d O. V. L 

Fay, Charles \^, Co. B, i66th O. V. I. 

Fowler, John W., Co. A. 194th O. V. L 



Ferrell, George, Pennsylvania. 

Fender, Lewis. Co. F, 15th O. V. I. 

Fisher, Freeman, Co. F, S8th ( ). \'. I., Co. C, 51st O. \'. \'. I. 

Fitzgerald, William, Co. K, 38th la. \ . I., missing from hospital 
boat at \'icksburg. 

Fleming, L D., Co. F, Kjth O. V. I. 

Frew, Robert, Co. C, 51st O. \\ V. I. 

Frost, ]\Ioses, Co. K, 4th la. V. C. 

Glover, T. H., Co. F, yyth Indiana \'. L 

Goodnough, Elmer, Co. F, ij7th Indiana \'. I. 

Gaskill, H. ^^■., Co. A, 194th O. \'. L 

Gosser, Martin, Co. A, 194th O. \'. L 

Giiien, ^A'arren, Co. C, 32d O. \'. I. 

Graham, Thomas, Cor]5oral Co. B, i6th O. \\ I., killed in 
Arkansas Post battle. 

Grant, Parkison, Co. K, i66ih (). A'. I. 

Grassbaugh, Jacob, Co. G, 32d (). \\ \\ I. 

Gould, Joseph PL, Battery D, loth Artillery. 

Gibson, AV. D., Co. K, 138th O. Y. I. 

Giffen, Robert, Co. G, i9Sth O. A'. L 
. Geese, Chris, Co. D. 2(1 ( ). A'. C. 

Gouser, Henry, Co. A, 3Sth O. A'. \\ I. 

Grave, Frederick, Co. G, 51st O. A'. L 

Gaskill, John B., Co. I, i.;5th ( ). A'. L 

Gardner, Alvin, Co. H, 1781)1 O. A'. L 

Gill, Joseph, Co. H, 78th ( ). A'. I. 

Gard, John, Co. A, i02d O. A'. L 

Gray, T. D., Co. B, ist AA'. Xn. V. I. 

Hay, Alexander, Musician. Co. I). 15th U. S. L 

Hummel, Henrv, Co. F, 19th O. A\ L, wounded at Dallas, Ga. 

Hootman. AA'. J.. Sergeant Co. PI, HHtli ^^- ^'- T. 

Hood, E. B., Co. K, nth Pa. 

Holcomb, James, Co. F, 78th O. A'. I. 

Hoagland, G. AA'.; Co. H, 20th O. A\ T. 

Hecker, John. Co. E, i<)4th O. A". I. 

Heslip, John A\, Captain Co. I. fioth O. \\ T. 

Henderson, Thomas. Co. K. i(;th O. A\ I. 

Heft, Joseph, Co. H, 78th O. A\ I. 


Hickman, Daniel, Co. A, 3d Pa. V. C. 

Hull, William R., Co. G, 163d O. V. I. 

Haxton, Alexander C, Co. F, 97th Ind. 

Harris, Robert, Battery H, ist Va. Light Artillery, promoted to 
Corporal, captured at New Creek, Va., prisoner in Libby. 

Hart, Harrison, Co. D, 143d O. V. I. 

Hawk, Isaac, Co. E, 47th O. V. V. I. 

Henderson, F. M., Corporal Co. H, i62d O. V. I. 

Henry, Charles P., Co. K, 42d U. S. C. T., promoted to Q. M. 

Home, George W., Battery F, 2d O. V. Heavy Artillery. 

Home, John, Co. I, 85th Ind. V. I. 

Howe, George H., Co. D, 157th N. Y. V. I., promoted to Corporal. 

Hostetler, A. J., Co. B, i6th O. V. I 

Hartley, Anthony, Co. G, 52d O. V. I. 

Haas, Michael, Co. F, 88th O. V. I. 

Holland, Patrick, Co. C, 4th W. Va. 

Hughes, Jackson, 76th O. V. I., died at Nashville. 

Hicks, Thomas, 40th O. V. I., died at Andersonville. 

Harbaugh, Joseph, Co. I, 19th O. V. I. 

Jones, Smith, Co. B, 129th O. V. I., Co. H, 178th O. V. I., pro- 
moted to Sergeant. 

Johnston, William A., musician regimental band, 51st O. V. I. 

Jackson, Robert, Co. F, ist W. Va. V. I., prisoner in Libby. 

Jewell, Lewis, Co. C, 4th O. V. I. 

Jobe, Henry, Co. H, 20th O. V. I., Co. H, 195th O. V. I. 

Johnson, James R., Co. I, 69th O. V. I. 

Johnson. John J., Co. I, 69th O. V. I. 

Jones, David, Co. I, 15th O. V. I. 

Johnson, John, Co. F, 97th O. V. I. 

Jennings, Leander, Co. G, 76th O. V. I., promoted to Corporal 
and Sergeant, wounded at Atlanta. 

Jones, Daniel, Corporal Co. E, 191st O. V. I. 

Jones, John, Co. F, 88th O. V. I. 

Kimble, Charles C, Co. F, 97th O. V. I., wounded in battle of 
Franklin, Tenn. 

Kleineknecht. Jacob, Co. I, 7th U. S. I. 

Kreider, Franklin, Co. F, 97th O. V. I. 


Keefer, Samuel, Co. C, 86th O. A\ I., died at Cumberland Gap, 

Keiser, Michael, Co. E, 126th O. V. I. 

Kirk, Thomas, Co. K, 43d Ind. V. V. I. 

Kiste, J. H., Co. A, 88th O. V. I. 

Kohman, Daniel, Co. E, 3d N. Y. V. C. and Co. G, 8th Regt., 
U. S. V. V. I. 

Knowles, John S., Co. B, 80th O. V. I. 

Kersteter, S. B., Co. C, 78th O. V. I. 

Kutscher, Jacob, Co. E, 194th O. W I. 

Kirk, John, Sergeant Co. A, 27th O. V. I. 

Kiger, Richard, Co. K, 43d O. V. I. 

Lanning, Richard, Major 80th O. Y. I., killed in battle of Corinth. 
Miss., 1862; grave in Oak Ridge cemetery, Coshocton. 

Love, Joseph, Co. E, I42d O. V. I., musician Co. C, 43d O. V. I., 
drafted ; detailed in commissary department at Goldsboro, N. C. ; 
company clerk at Washington, D. C. 

Lybarger, E. L., promoted from Private, Second Lieutenant and 
First Lieutenant Co. K to Regimental Quartermaster 43d O. V. L 

Landers, Joseph, Co. H, i42d O. V. L 

Lawrence, Robert, Co. D, 191st, O. V. L 

Leighninger, Daniel, Co. A, 88th O. \^ V. I. 

Leinedecker, Christian, Co. D, 47th O. V. V. L 

Lenhart, Jacob J., Co. E, 191st O. V. L 

Leavengood, Michael, Co. E, 191st O. Y. L 

Linch, John W., Co. E, 23d O. V. L. died at Frederick City, Md., 

Lower, Jacob P., Co. D, 62d O. Y. Y. L, captured at Appomattox 
C. H. 

Loos, Martin H., Co. H, 194th O. Y. L 

Lehman, Noah, Co. L 107th O. Y. L 

Luke, John G., Co. M, 5th O. V. C. 

Lee, S. H., Surgeon, 143d O. Y. L 

Lee, George, Co. A, 159th O. Y. L 

Lepley, D. Y.. Co. D. 3d Md. 

Landerman, W., Co. E, 78th O. Y. L 

Lint, Jacob J., Co. E, i6th O. \^ L 

Loos, George D., Co. H, 88th O. Y. I. 


Lighten. Joseph AI., Co. H, 65th O. V. I. 

Lamma, John, Co. H, 88th O. V. I. 

Lidrick, George, Co. A, 194th O. V. I. 

Lahna, Jacob, Co. I, i()5th O. \\ I. 

Mapel, Johnson, Co. 1), 191st O. V. I. 

McCullum, James M., Corporal Co. H, 40th O. V. I. 

McGee, William, Co. C. i6th O. \'. I. 

McCrea, Robert J., Sergeant, Co. D, 206th O. V. I. 

Metzler, A. S., Co. I, i66th O. \'. I. 

Mercer, Geo. W., Co. G, 78th O. \\ I. 

Maple, David, Co. K, 19th O. V. I. 

Miller, Orloff. Co. C, 47th O. V. T. 

Masters. Frank, Co. K, loth V. I. 

Mason, Samuel, Co. G, 80th O. V. I. 

McCoy, A. J., 19th O. ^^ I. 

Means, W. P., Co. K, 128th O. V. I. 

Mackey, John G., Co. G, 26th O. V. I . 

Miller, Jacob, Co. K, 198th O. V. I. 

Mullet, Jonas, Co. G, 51st O. V. I. 

Mullet, Jacob, Co. C, 28th la. V. I., captured at Helena, Ark. 

.Milligan, J. C, Co. I, 19th O. V. I. 

Milligan, \\^illiam, Co. I, 19th O. W V. I. 

Mizer, Moses, Co. C. 78th O. V. V. I., drafted. 

Murphy, James, Co. K, i6th O. \\ I. 

Murphy, William E., Co. K, 62d O. V. V. I., drafted. 

Murphy, Thomas, Indiana Indp. 

Myers, Azariah, Co. F, 178th O. V. I. 

Myers, Henry, Co. G, 19th O. V. I. 

Magaw, James G., Co. A, 96th O. V. I. 

Mossholder, Noah, 3d Ohio Indp. 

Markley, Fred, Co. D, 57th O. V. I., promoted to Corporal and 

Miller, Irvin, Co. B, 80th O. V. I., detached as Clerk at Head- 
quarters Armv of Tennessee. 

McCall, J. H., Co. F, 78th O. V. I. 

McFarland, John, Co. B, 99th O. V. I. 

Morrow, Elisha W., Corporal Co. C, 4th V. R. C. 

Magness, Thomas F., Corporal Co. B, 123d O. V. I. 


McDaniels, \Vm. A., Co. G, 31 si O. \'. I. 
McKee, H. S., Co. F, 62d O. \'. 1. 
Magness, F. H., Co. F, i6th O. \'. I. 
McCartney, Thomas J., Corporal Co. J, 69th O. A'. 1. 
Middleton, William A., Co. B, 80th O. \'. 1. 
Middleton, Joseph C, Co. H, 126th O. V. I. 
McCoy, James, Commissary Sergeant. Co. I, yth la. V. C. 
McCay, James, Co. G, loth la. \'. I. 
McMichael, ]\Ianuel Sergeant, Co. D. <Sth 111. V. I. 
Meredith, Isaac, Co. F, 89th O. V. I. 
Murphy, Abram, Corporal Co. F, 97th O. \'. I. 
Marquand, William, Promoted from Private to Corporal, Co. 
F, 97th O. v. I. 

Mossman, John T., Promoted from Private to Corporal, Co. F, 
97th O. \'. I. 

^lurphy, James, Co. F, 97th O. V. I. 

^lirise, John. Brigade Wagon Master, loth Brigade; Corporal 
Co. I, O. \'. L. A. 

^JcClintock, J. C. 12th O. \'. C. 
[Nl'oore, \\'illiam F., Sergeant, Co. F, 97th Ind. 
McClaughry, George H., Co. A, 194th O. V. I. 
]McFarland, Thomas, Co. D, i6th O. W I., wounded in bayonet 
charge at Chickasaw Bayou. 

AIcLarren, James, Co. C, Ind. S, S. 

McLeese, John, Co. F, 62d O. \'. I., Co. I, iS6th O. A'. I. 

McNeely, A\'illiam, Co. G, ist Regt., U. S. V. V. 

Madison, Joseph R., Co. D, 38th O. \'. A'. I. 

Magness, Fielding, Co. F, 15th O. A'. \\ I., detailed in commis- 
sary department. 

Mills. Joseph, Co. A, 194th O. \'. 1. 

Aliller, John. Co. F. 15th U. S. I. 

Naragon. James. Co. F. igth ( ). \'. !., captured at Stone River, 
prisoner in Libby, promoted to Sergeant Major. 

Nelson. Samuel. Co. D, 55th (). \'. 1. 

Newcome, Joseph. Co. C, 15th W. \'a. A". T. 

Nonnaker, John J., Co. G, 57th O. V. I. 

Neptune, Absalom, Co. B. 80th O. V. I. 

Norman, George F., Co. G. 24th O. V. I. 


Nyhart, Martin, Co. B, i86th O. V. I. 

Oclen, John D., wagoner, Co. F, 97th O. V. I. 

Oden, Elias F., Co. F, 97th O. V. I., transferred to Co. I, 26th 
O. V. I. 

Owens, Edward, Co. I, 195th O. V. I. 

Oxley, Jeremiah, Co. B, 96th O. V. I., died at Vicksburg, 1864, 
grave 940, Sec. G. 

Perkins, James, Co. C, 3d V. I. 

Parker, Isaac, Co. B, 77th O. V. I., promoted to regiment com- 

Parkhnrst, EHs'ha P., Co. H, 7th Ilk V. C, promoted Corporal for 
carrying his wounded Captain off Corinth battlefield under fire; 
detailed under "Chickasaw, the Scout;" captured at Clifton, Tenn. ; 
jumped from moving train and escaped; wounded at Eastport, Miss. 

Parsons, H. S., Co. G, 23d O. V. I., captured in Shenandoah Val- 
ley, escaped. 

Pascoe, Charles, Co. A, 65th O. V. I. 

Patterson, John, Co. A, 4th W. Va. V. C. 

Piatt, Robert, Co. I, 69th O. V. I., detailed in Pioneer Corps. 

Piatt, T. J., Corporal Co. F, 17th O. V. I., promoted to Sergeant, 
Lieutenant and Captain Co. D, 62d O. V. I., and to Major and Lieu- 
tenant Colonel. 

Piatt, Thomas, Corporal Co. I, 69th O. V. L, transferred to Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps. 

Poland, R. M., Co. K, 8th Pa. 

Parker, J. D., Co. B, 71st O. V. L 

Postel, James, Co. G, 43d O. V. L 

Pool, Wm., Co. G, 146th O. V. L 

Pool, Thos., Co. D, 76th O. V. L 

Potter, Adam, Co. F, 8th Cav. 

Peck, Alfred, Co. D, 52d O. V. L 

Rahn, Casper, Musician, 19th O. V. L 

Randolph, C. D., Co. C, 76th O. V. L 

Rice, Irwin, Co. H, 40th O. V. I. 

Rees, Henry, Co. K, 195th O. V. I. 

Reppart. David, Co. H, 43d O. V. I. 

Roberts, Nathan, Co. A, 80th O. V. I. 

Roberts, William, Sergeant, Co. H, 99th O. V. I. 


Richmond, John E., Co. K, 85th O. V. I. 

Robinson, John, Co. G, 80th O. V. I. 

Rogers, J. L., Co. F, 98th O. V. I., promoted from Corporal to 
First Sergeant. 

Riggle, Charles, Co. F, 194th O. V. I. 

Ruby, Johnson, Co. G, 78th O. V. I. 

Roderick, Lewis, 19th O. V. V. I. 

Rose, Sanford, Co. A, 135th O. V. I., captured at North Moun- 
tain, Va., prisoner at Andersonville and Florence, S. C. 

Ross, Leander N., Co. E, 191st O. V. I. 

Rowe, Michael, Co. C, 78th O. V. V. I. 

Smith, G. W., Co. D, 191st O. V. I. 

Smith, Maro, Musician, Co. F, 59th Ind. V. I. 

Scheerer, Joseph, Co. K, 195th O. A". I. 

Schrock, Andrew, Co. G, 51st O. V. V. I. 

Schumaker, Adam, Co. E, 194th O. V. I. 

Scott, James ]\1., Co. C, ist Del. V. C. 

Sewett, S., under name. of A. Davis in Co. A, 4th Md. C, wounded 
at James River and Deep Bottom. 

Shultzman, William, Co. B, i86th O. V. I. 

Shultz, Jacob, Co. C, 77th Pa. A\ I. 

Slaughter, James, 7th Ind. Indp. Battery, promoted to Corporal. 

Slaughter, Mathias, Co. F, 97th O. V. I. 

Smith, Alexander, Co. E, 51st O. \\ A'. I., transferred to Veteran 
Reserve Corps. 

Smith, David, Co. E, 183d O. \'. I. 

Smith, Lewis, Co. E, 43d O. V. I. 

Strain, John, Co. C, 67th O. V. I. 

Sprenkle, S. P., Co. E, 126th O. V. I. 

Swigert, L. W., Co. G, 30th O. V. I. 

Smith, John L., Co. K, 139th O. V. I. 

Smith, John S., Co. I, 1226 O. Y. I. 

Smith, Nathan, Co. G, 170th O. V. I. 

Smith, Edgar, Co. A, 75th O. V. I. 

Smith, Peter, Co. E, 76th O. V. I. 

Snee, G. K., Co. F, 98th O. \". I., detailed at Franklin, Tenn., as 
division teamster. 


Snider, Frederick, Co. K, 43d O. \'. I. 

Senders, Jesse, Co. I, i^^tli C). \\ I. 

Sowers, Mathias, Co. C, 67th O. A\ \'. I., wounded at Deep Bot- 
tom, \'a. 

Spurgeon, Alonzo, Co. A, 194th O. \'. I. 

Stanton, Newton, Co. I, 51st O. Y. Y. I., killed at Resaca, Ga. 

Stinebaugh, Jacob, 6th Ohio Independent Battery. 

Stone, F. A., Sergeant, Co. I, 69th O. \'. 1., wounded at Dallas, Ga. 

Stone, James !•"., Co. I, 69th O. \'. I. 

Stonebrook, liiram J., Sergeant. Co. G, 126th O. \\ L, promoted 
to Second Lieutenant and assigned to command of Co. C. 

Swan, D.. Co. F, i6ist O. \'. I. 

Sauerbrey, Charles, Co. E, 194th O. \'. L 

Shear, John \\'., Co. A, ist D. C. \'. Cav. 

Shafer, D. W., Co. F, 78th ( ). \'. L 

Struble, John, Co. E, i22d O. \\ L 

Steed, Abraham, Co. P, 9th C). \'. C. 

Sturtz, S. D., Co. E, i6oth O. A'. I. 

Schoonover, W. H., Co. H. 78th O. A'. L 

Shrigley, George J., Co. E, i6oth O. \\ I. 

Schmuser, John G., Co. G, i(j7th O. \'. L 

Steel, William, Co. C, 43d O. \'. L 

Sondles, Casper, Co. H, I02d O. \\ L 

Seymour, E., Co. G, 21st O. \\ I. 

Shafer, G. W., Co. H, 88th O. V. L 

Shannon, John, Co. E, loth O. A\ L 

Sherrer, John, Co. G, 51st O. \'. L 

Switzer, Noah, Co. E, 191st O. \'. L 

Savre, David A., Co. I, 69th O. \'. I., promoted to Corporal and 

Shaw, B. R., Quartermaster Sergeant 143d O. A'. L 

Seward, James E., Co. I, i66th O. Y. I. 

Stacer, Frederick, Co. C, 67th O. \'. L 

Sondles, Jacob, Co. A, 196th O. A\ L 

Sondles, Lafayette, Co. B, i86th O. A'. T. 

Tyler, AXilliam F., Co. D, 52(1 O. A\ L 

Tarrh, A. W., Co. FL i<)8t]i O. \'. T. 


Taylor, Hiram A., Co. E, 51st O. \'. I. 

Thomas, John A., Co. A, Jjth (). \'. 1., promoted to Sergeant. 

Thrapp, Joseph A., h'irst Lieutenant, Co. F, ()5th ( ). \'. L, promoted 
from Seemid Lietilenant. 

Thomson, A. Jrl., ttjth (). \'. 1., promoted from Prix'ate to Ser- 
geant, Jd (). \'. Ca\-., and Second Lieutenant tJth ( ). \'. C. 

'I'ihon, Thomas, promoted from Private to Corporal Co. F, gjth 
O. \'. L 

Timmons, Sanford I'.. Captain, Co. C and G, 43d (.). \'. L, pro- 
moted from First Lieittenant. 

'I'ranor, W'ilHam, Co. F, 15th O. V. V. L, promotetl to C<-U-poral. 

Tredway, Garrett S., Co. F, i4Jd O. \'. L 

Tredway, R. H., Co. I, i-\Scl HI- \'- I- 

Trott, Samuel, Co. H, i42d C. \'. L, promoted to Corporal. 

Uffner, George, Co. G, 85th O. A'. L: Co. H, 31st O. \'. V. L 

Underwood, D. C, Co. C, 32d O. \'. 1., promoted to Corporal; 
lost speech at Cheat Alountain, \'a. : ca|)tured at Harpers Ferry; 

Underwood, Eli, Co. C, 32d O. \'. L, captured at Harpers Ferry; 

\'oorhees, Marquis, Co. C, 51st O. \'. 1. 

A'oorhees, Eli, Co. A, (Xqth Ind. A'. L 

A'amiostran, B. F., Co. E, 194th O. A'. L 

Voorhees, George \\'., Major, 126th O. \'. I., promoted from Cap- 
tain, Co. A. 

A'annostran, Samuel, Co. C, 80th O. \'. 1., detailed in Pioneer 

A'ickers, George, No. i, Co. F, 07th (J. \\ L, wounded at Gallatin, 
Tenn. ; Co. F, 78th O. A'. A'. L 

A'aughn, Samuel, Co. F. 64th ( ). A'. L 

A'oltz, Dr. Ernest, Co. C, 184th O. A\ L 

A'oorhees, Levi, Co. A, 89th Ind. A'. L 

AA'orkman, Isaac, Co. F, 97th Ind. 

AA'atson, James B., Co. H, 31st O. A', t.. twice wounded in arm. 

AA'elden, John, Co. K, 197th O. A''. I. 

AA'eller, Samuel M., Co. H, 203d Pa. A'. I. 

AA'ells, Aaron D., Co. B, 47th O. A'. I. 

AA'eatherwax, Abram, Co. B, i6th O. A'. I. 


Wigg-ins, Warren, Co. E, 20th O. V. I. 

Wiggins, William, Co. E, 51st O. V. I. 

Williams, Orloft- J., Co. C, 47th O. V. V. I. 

Wilson, William R., Co. C, 67th O. V. V. I. 

Winslow, David, Co. E, 47th O. V. V. I. 

Wolfe, H. E., Co. H, 178th O. V. I., Eirst Sergeant. 

Wolfe, J. G., Co. K, 85th O. V. L 

Wolfe, L. B., Co. K, 4th U. S. C, detailed company saddler. 

Wilson, George, Co. E, 52d O. V. I. 

Wolfe, W., Co. G, 85th O. V. I. 

Wells, Rufus R., Sergeant, Co. I, 69th O. V. I., promoted from 
Private and Corporal. 

Woodson, William, Co. A, 123d U. S. C. T., wounded. 

Wright, Rev. John, Co. G, 4th Mich. V. C, Chaplain, detailed 
special messenger at General Thomas' headquarters. 

Williams, James M., Co. C, 3d U. S. C. 

Williams, Ebenezer, Co. H, i6th O. V. L 

Wiggins, Riley, Co. I, 69th O. V. I., Corporal. 

Warman, G. W., Co. G, 24th O. V. L 

Warren, Charles, Sergeant, N. Y. V. L 

Watson, Richard, Co. K, 43d O. V. L 

Walker, Richard, Co. H, 97th O. V. L 

Warren, Andrew C, Co. C, loth O. V. C. 

Waltman, Richard, Co. K, 43d O. V. L 

West, George ^^■., Co. G, 85th O. V. L 

Wilson, George, ist Ohio Artillery, died 1863. 

Yana, John, Co. C, 67th O. V. V. L 

Young, William J., Co. F, i72d O. V. L 

Major-General William Burns, of the U. S. Army, and Lieutenant 
Poe, of the U. S. Navy, were from Coshocton county. 

William Webb, a Confederate soldier, of the 61 st Tennessee, who 
died on the train near Coshocton while being transported as a prisoner 
of war, is interred in Oak Ridge cemetery. 

During the war a military committee for this county, appointed by 
the governor to promote enlistments, consisted of Houston Hay, Seth 
McClain, J. D. Nicholas, A. L. Cass and D. Rodehaver. 


In Morgan's Ohio raid the banks of Cadiz hurried their deposits 
to Joseph K. Johnson & Co.'s bank in Coshocton. 

Resistance to the draft in 1863 by a few in Crawford Township 
caused much local excitement. Men who hid in a barn were discov- 
ered, and in the firing that ensued three were shot. Draft rioting in 
Holmes County started an armed force from here on the march to 
Napoleon, where effective service was given. 



Coshocton County's impressive development in the last quarter cen- 
tury along industrial lines has accompanied the extension here of rail- 
road facilities, the uncovering of coal riches in our hills, the growth 
of manufactures, the huilding of a city, the organization of labor, 
and the advanced features of modern country life. 

After the Pennsylvania main line three more roads spiked their 
rails through our county where the hills began vielding their riches of 
bituminous coal. 

In the early eighties the north and south line of the Wheeling & 
Lake Erie, which has become part of the Wabash System, was in its 
narrow-gauge stage of development. At one time in later years the 
road south of Coshocton consisted of two streaks of rust and a right- 
of-way. It was staggering under first and second mortgages and 
equipment mortgage which piled up a debt as high as its water tank. 
The transformation came with the extension of coal fields — enough 
Coshocton coal to burn mortgages. 

The only railroad in the county which does not reach Coshocton, 
and the one which covers the longest distance within our borders, by 
a fraction, is the Dresden branch of the Cleveland, Akron & Columbus 
Railway, part of the Pennsylvania Lines. Its construction was long 
interrupted. The tunnel in Bedford Township — the onlv railroad 
tunnel in the county — had been started, and bridge approaches 
begun, when everything went down in the Panic of '73. The road 
was completed at the close of the eighties. 

The Toledo, Walhonding Willey & Ohio Railroad, of the Penn- 
sylvania Lines, was built in the early nineties. This capillary in the 
system which covers the industrial heart of the country contributes 
its share to the enormous coal traffic moved over the Pennsylvania. 

.— ^^ 

,j. _J»*?^ 


■ trS^ 



/ ''IB. 

l^liiMjiiiu^ .: 

■^. « 


Herewith is tabulated the vahiation of railroad property within 
the county, as presented by the railroads to the meeting- of counts- 
auditors in Columbus, hospitably regaled by the railroads. The taxes 
paid by the railroads to the county in 1908 are also shown. 

— ^Mileage — 

Road Valuation. ]\lain Line. Siding. Taxes. 


P., C, C. & St. L $1,081,866 *23.oS 21.68 $24,886.32 

W. .^ L. E 378,100 27.68 9.49 7.-'93-84 

T., W. V. & 3^9,239 25.06 6.84 7,111.24 

C, A. & C •-. 141,106 27.85 3.45 3,109.70 

Prominent in the development of Coshocton County's extensive 
coal interests is J. W. Cassingham. From researches by him it is 
ascertained that coal was mined as early as 1834 by Alorris Burt just 
east of Coshocton on land now owned bv W. G. Hav. Soon afterward 
mines were opened by Jack Robson, Elisha Turner and Thomas 
Thornsley near what is now called ""Hardscrabble." The coal was 
used mostly by the distillery here. The stoves of Coshocton were then 
burning wood, and, besides, Aladam was prejudiced against coal on 
account of its soot. The ax and sawbuck were among the household 
gods of that period. 

The largest mines in the countv about 1850 were in the hills north- 
west of Franklin Station, the coal going to Newark by canal. H. 
Goodale controlled the property. There is still considerable output in 
that locality. The Columbus Coal & ^Mining Companv is in the field. 
A track to the Panhandle was built after the canal days. 

About 1856 mines were opened by Foght Burt on the farm south- 
east of Coshocton now owned bv the heirs of A\'. K. Johnson. A 
standard gauge track was built to the Panhandle, then called the 
Steubenville & Indiana, over which the railroad's cars were hauled 
by horse power and later by small engine to the mine opening for 
loading. This was before the dav of the tipple. Inadequate supply of 
cars was followed bv the closing of the mines. Since then Thomas 

Second track. 


Williams has conducted the mining there, marketing the coal in 
Coshocton for steam and domestic purposes. 

Coke burning in this county was known just before the Civil war 
when John AlcCleary operated a mine at Rock Run, and converted 
part of the output into coke. Six years afterward the Rock Run Coal 
Company acquired the property, but a year or so later discontinued 
operations. Subsequently there were limited developments by others 
in that locality. 

The first mine in the Coshocton territory producing coal to any 
considerable extent with the coming of the railroad was the Beech 
Hollow mine on Joseph K. Johnson's farm in 1861, opened by Edward 
Prosser, who knew mining from his boyhood back in AVales. After 
four profitable years he sold to the Coshocton Coal Company. Colonel 
J. C. Campbell, the superintendent, conducted the business profitably. 
Beech Hollow coaled the railroad engines, and the rest of the product 
went to western markets. This mine became the property of Prosser 
& Cassingham about 1880, and was operated until the vein of coal 
under the farm was exhausted. 

]\Ir. Prosser opened the "Blaen Nant" (Welsh for bottom of the 
hill), along the Ohio Canal near Franklin, ])ut lost heavily when he 
sold the mine for stock in the Newark rolling mill, which failed. 

Alathias Shoemaker opened a mine on B. b^. Ricketts' farm, east 
of Coshocton, which gave a moderate yield several years until aban- 
doned for want of drainage facilities. Afterward the Aliami Coal 
Company renewed operations there for a short time, and then Prosser 
& Cassingham conducted the mine successfully until the coal was 
exhausted. The mine named "Pen Twyn" by Mr. Prosser, the Welsh 
for top of the hill, was an important factor in the coal production of 
this locality until worked out in 1883. Of all the men connected with 
the mining industry of Coshocton County, no one was held in higher 
esteem than Edward Prosser. He was actuated by liberal motives 
in his relations with employees, and he sought to contribute to their 
advancement. The miners at Pen Twyn were largely men of his own 
nationality. Welsh religious services and singing school were held 
by them at Mr. Prosser's home. 

The Home Coal Company mine at Hardscrabble Avas opened in 
1868 by X. E. Barney, D. L. Triplett, John A. Barney, S. H. Lee. 
G. W. Ricketts and Edward Prosser. Tn 1876 the property was sold 


to Edward Prosser, E. T. Dudley and J. W. Cassinghani, and a few 
years later bought by G. W. Ricketts and Dayid \\'aggoner, who con- 
ducted it until the yein was exhausted. The output of this mine was 
probably the largest in the Coshocton district, and contributed ma- 
terially to the commercial expansion of the city. 

Xear the home of John Porteus, south of Coshocton, a mine was 
operated about the close of the Ciyil war by the Union Coal & Mining 
Compan}'. The superintendent was Colonel Robert Youart, succeeded 
several years later by Colonel Wood, and afterward L. \\\ Robinson, 
a son-in-law of Lewis Demoss and now associated with one of the 
largest coal companies near Dubois, Pa. \Mten the Porteus mine was 
abandoned the equipment was sold to ]\Ir. Cassingham, who opened 
and developed a mine in 1887 on the A'ance & McCleary land. 

The building in 1882 of the Connotton \'alley. now the Wheeling 
>!v' Lake Erie, gaye an impetus to the coal business here by furnishing 
an outlet to Lake Erie at Cle\eland. The ^lorgan Run Coal & Mining- 
Company built a iM-anch railroad three miles up Morgan Run, and the 
output has been heayy for years. The Wade Coal Company is also 
an extensiye producer from a mine on Morgan Run. H. 1^. Dennis, 
of Cleyeland, is the principal owner of both mines, which ship to his 
yards in the lake city. The present \\'ade mine is to be abandoned 
this year, and a large new deyelopment begun in a tield east of the old. 

Tohn Conlv conducted a mine south of Rock Run on what is now 
the Wheeling & Lake Erie, and afterward it was transferred to H. D. 
Dennis. It has since been abandoned. 

What has become one of the largest and most profitable mines in 
the coimty was opened in 1884 near the Panhandle west of Conesyille 
by Dayid Davis, J. W. Cassingham and D. M. Moore. It is related 
that when ^Ir. Davis was earning his dollar a day as a miner he showed 
one day the hills in that part of Franklin Township to the young 
woman who is now Airs. Davis. "Those hills are full of coal," he told 
her. "and some day I'm going to own them." 

In 1885 'Sir. Davis bought the interest of ]\Ir. Cassingham and Mr. 
]Moore. The Pennsylvania Lines are large users of the Davis coal. 
From the days that David Davis worked with a pick he was a close 
observer and familiarized himself with the most minute details of 
conducting a mine. His first experience as an operator was in a small 


mine near his present field, hauling the coal by wagon to the canal. 
He still gives constant personal attention to his business. 

After filling the office of County Auditor, Mr. Cassingham in 1887 
opened a mine on the McCleary & Vance land, and shipments went 
over the Wheeling & Lake Erie to Canton, Cleveland and other points 
on that line. This mine continued one of the largest producers in the 
Coshocton field under the ownership of Mr. Cassingham until 1895, 
when the property was transferred by him to the Coshocton Coal 
Company, composed of Captain J. M. Drake, J. W. Warwick and 
Charles Zettelmyer, of Cleveland, and C. L. Cassingham, of Coshoc- 
ton, by whom it has since been operated extensively. 

In 1894 the Oden Valley Coal Company acquired a large acreage 
of coal northwest of Conesville and opened mines thereon that year, 
connecting with the Panhandle by using part of the Davis track to the 
railroad. G. W. Cassingham is the principal stockholder in the com- 
pany and superintendent of the mine. 

Within the last four years the Arnold Coal Company and the Burt 
Coal Companv have opened mines along the Wheeling & Lake Erie 
southeast of Conesville, lioth of which properties are now owned by 
the Barnes Coal Company, of Coshocton. 

When David Davis started coal development near Conesville there 
were not more than three houses in the hamlet which now has grown 
to a village of four hundred. The wage-earners are mine workers. 
A large sum is disbursed monthly by the Davis, Oden Valley and 
Barnes mines. 

One of the most important mineral developments in the Coshocton 
district is the opening of twelve hundred acres of coal land in Franklin 
Township by the Warwick Coal Company, of Cleveland. The acreage 
extends into Tuscarawas and Linton Townships. The company is 
composed of C. L. Cassingham, J. W. Warwick and Charles Zettel- 
myer, all of whom are practical coal men. The equipment of these 
mines is of the most improved character, with electric mining machin- 
ery and motor haulage to facilitate extensive production. 

Within a radius of two and a half miles of Coshocton are a dozen 
country mines, not connected with railroads, and producing consid- 
erable coal for steam and domestic use in Coshocton. 

According to the report of the Department of the Interior on the 
production of coal, Coshocton County has been steadily increasing her 


output in recent years until in 1907 it exceeded 400,000 tons, valued 
at half a million dollars. 

A picture which has gone with the passing of Coshocton's early 
mining life was that of good-natured, whole-souled Margaret Rob- 
son whose husband was a miner at Hardscrabble. The matron of the 
miners' boarding house would walk the mile and a half from Co- 
shocton to Beech Hollow, both hands loaded with baskets of groceries, 
and a sack of flour balanced on her head. Her cheerful smile of greet- 
ing never left her, even in the vears when she lived in darkness and 
recognized friendlv voices that she had known in the old days. 

In the ranks of the miners was first promoted the organization of 
labor within Coshocton County which has grown to a movement of 
the highest importance in the last score of years. That was a field 
day in industrial history twenty-three years ago when labor united its 
demand for protection and higher wages by the organization of the 
first local union here under the Ohio Aliners' Amalgamated Associa- 
tion headed by the popular John AIcBride. Sam Nicholas, the lawyer 
and now judge, went to the mines to urge that organization, and to 
this dav he is remembered l)v the miners. Morgan Run Local 37<), 
AA'ade ]\line Local 7, and Coalport Local 628, were the first to organize. 

The miners' organization has made progress. It needs but a look 
at 1896 and 1909 to comprehend this. The conditions then and the 
improvements today afiford a striking comparison, as described by 
E. P. Aliller whom the miners hold in the highest regard. When he 
came here in '96 the miners were getting fifty-six cents a ton for picked 
coal ; now they are paid ninety-six cents a ton for screen lump coal. 
Drivers then got $1.65 for a nine-hour day; now $2.56 for an eight- 
hour day. Outside men were paid from $1.35 to $1.50 a day; their 
wages now are $2 to $2.25. Trapper boys who open and shut the 
doors through which the coal cars pass in the mines got fifty cents a 
day in '96, and now are paid $1.13. 

Mr. Miller is secretary and treasurer of Subdistrict No. 6. L^nited 
Mine Workers of America, covering the counties of Coshocton, 
Guernsey, Noble, Muskingum, Morgan, and the Crooksville district 
of Perry, embracing a membership of 8,200. 

Important state offices of the Ohio organization of miners have 
been credital)ly filled for vears hv Coshocton men. William Green. 
President of District 6 (Ohio) U. At. W. A., is stronglv favored for 


president of the national organization. Dennis H. Sullivan, \'ice- 
President of District 6, exerts much influence in behalf of the miners' 
interests. In preceding years the State organization came to Co- 
shocton for its president, W. M. Haskins. 

Machine mining was successfully demonstrated in this county by 
the Coshocton Coal Company, which installed electric machines, 1901, 
after an unsatisfactory experiment at the Morgan Run mines. The 
puncher, a machine operated by compressed air, is in use in the Davis 
mine, Conesville. 

Much headway has followed the policy of miners and operators 
acting jointly to regularly reach agreements in the last decade. Prior 
to that the conditions were unsatisfactory to both. As an instance, 
when a salesman succeeded in getting an order and the company called 
for the miners to dig the coal, there would come a question at times 
among the men whether their wages shared in the increased price for 
the product of their labor, and the upshot would be a refusal to work, 
resulting in loss of the order to the operator and loss of wages to the 
miner. Under the present system of joint agreement covering a 
stated i)eriod the operators are enabled to sell according to fixed cost 
of production, and the miners' pay is definitely determined. 

The miners' local unions in the county in the beginning of 1909 
included the following membership: members 

Conesville, Local No. 515 (Davis mine ) c)8 

Conesville, Local No. 976 (Oden Valley mine ) "y 

Conesville, Local No. i (Barnes & Hudson mine) 84 

Conesville, Local No. 2 (Barnes & Hudson) 67 

Cassingham, Local No. 215 (Pleasant Valley) 125 

Morgan Run, Local No. 379 (H. D. Dennis, Cleveland) 125 

Coalport, Local No. 628 (Barnes mine ) J 2 

Wade Mine, Local No. 7 ^2 

New Cassingham Mine, Local No. 1803 46 

John Williams, Local No. 1852 (South of Rock Run) 19 

Retail Mine, Local No. 741 20 

Rock Run, Local No. 1980 (Nichols) 8 

Drake, Local No. 93 (East Coshocton) 6 

To the total of 779 union miners is expected to be added nearly 
a hundred more with the organization of Roscoe Local, prospective 
membership of 60, and \\'est Lafayette Local with 30 members. 


In the progress of organized labor a step of far-reaching impor- 
tance was the estabHshment of the Central Trades and Labor Council 
of Coshocton. Ten years ago a few crafts were represented in the 
local of the American Federation of Labor established here. Xow 
there are represented fifteen crafts in the Council with the following- 
membership: Miners. 779: Potters, 41: Glassblowers, 120, last fire; 
Printers, 2>-\ Pressmen. 19; Bartenders, 11; Painters, 30; Barbers, 
16; Carpenters, 62; Tailors, iS; Lithographers, 19; Electrotypers, 7; 
Federal Lhiion, 65; Railroad Trackmen, 200; Bricklayers, 75; Hod 
Carriers, 15. 

The pioneer local of the American Federation of Labor, with 
Edward AlcCabe as President, and workers of the industrious, thor- 
ough-going union spirit of Secretary Al Tyler giving a willing hand 
to help along, built up a membership of five hundred. Out of this 
grew the Central Trades and Labor Council, whose present officers 
are: Charles Eddleman, President; Daniel Bowers, Charles 
W. Brownfield, John Poulton, Thomas Furnell, Jr., Vice-Presidents; 
John Lane, Secretary; Gus Ogle, Financial Secretary; Johnson Mc- 
Dowell, Treasurer; E. A. Mueller, Sergeant-at-Arms. The trustees 
are E. P. Miller, J. T. Hart and George C. Ordway. 

In the organization of the Labor Day celebration, with the multi- 
tudinous details involved in effective advertising and arranging a 
day's entertainment for an assembly of thousands of people, Chair- 
man Ordway's administrative qualities have been admirably demon- 

The advance of the city of Coshocton is a foremost achievement 
in the county history, an imperishable monument to those who have 
developed resources, expanded manufactures and commerce, fostered 
improvements for the general good, and promoted the social welfare. 
Running through it all is the spirit of that creative energy which has 
wrought in this county such a marvelous transformation within the 
span of a single lifetime, and of the dauntless vigor and enterprise 
which typify Coshocton citizenship. 

Two-score years ago that pioneer industry, the steel works, was 
founded, and the name of Houston Hay became known in markets of 
America and abroad as the axle manufacturer. It was Air. Hav who 
blazed the way for those civic improvements and public utilities which 
lifted Coshocton into modern city life. He lighted the citv with gas 


from 1872 to 1888, and then with electricity, and in 1899 incandescents 
made radiant the stores, offices, shops and homes. From a quarter 
that hankered to gain control of the electric light there emanated 
charges about high rates. The truth was there were no large profits, 
no dividends to stockholders for thirteen years, all earnings over the 
requirements for running expenses going into repairs and extensions 
of the plant to provide improved service. The company was willing 
to sell, and those who raised the dust of rate agitation got the busi- 
ness. October 29, 1901, a franchise was obtained from the city coun- 
cil, against the protest of Councilmen C. D. Brooke and E. C. Rinner, 
paying the electric light company $70 a year for each street light, 
with all-night lighting except moonlight nights. This nine-year fran- 
chise expires in October, 1910. The company furnishes incandescent 
lighting and steam heat. 

In 1899 Contractor John Kissner began brick-laying in Main 
Street, transforming it from a dirt road to a paved thoroughfare. 
Then in quick succession came more brick-paved and asphalted streets, 
smooth and broad as boulevards. Extension of sewerage over the 
city marked a great stride in Coshocton's advancement along sanitary 
lines. Miles of cement sidewalks have beautified the town. 

The Coshocton Board of Trade was organized 1899. Lots are 
sold to raise funds for bringing new industries here. To the public- 
spirited citizens who have subscribed for such building lots all credit 
is given. It is they who sounded the keynote for the new Coshocton. 
Theirs is the work that lives in the fires of new industries lighting 
the skies of Coshocton, theirs the honor that endures in the prosperity 
of a thriving city, the growing center of a rich farming community 
reaping the benefit of a city market offered by a population exceeding 
ten thousand. 

Today Coshocton is a city of advertising, the metal-sign industry 
which has sent the city's name over the world. The first of these* 
metal signs came from the presses of H. D. Beach, and represents 
the important outgrowth of the novelty-advertising industry devel- 
oped from the printing on burlap schoolbags and yardsticks by J. F. 
Meek in the days when Will Shaw showed the way to possibilities 
in this business. 

With its advertising institutions, its glass works, its pottery, paper 
mill, brick works, axle and machine shops, linotype, printing houses. 



corrugated-paper plants, glove factory, piano works, furniture fac- 
tory, foundry, packing plant, carriage shops, enameling works, plan- 
ing mills, flour mills, and retail eslablishmeints of the finest. Coshocton 
comjjels attention among industrial centers of (3hio. Lots were sold 
last year to bring the Clo\v Pipe A\'orks to this city. When this plant 
is erected it is expected to employ more than a thousand men. 

The year which saw many beginnings in the new life of Coshoc- 
ton — iScjg — also witnessed the extension of the telephone from the 
city to the country when the Citizens Company began wiring homes 
in the county. Since that the Bell system has extended into the coun- 
try, and local telephone lines have been installed by farmers. 

Natural gas came to Coshocton as a Christmas gift, 1902. It is 
piped from the Homer field near Utica. Knox County, thirty-two miles 
away. West Bedford and Warsaw are also supplied by the same line. 
This winter there was a daily flow of two and a half million cubic 
feet of gas into Coshocton worth at the current rate of twenty-eight 
cents a thousand, with ten per cent discount, $630 a day. 

The earlier waterworks system of twenty-two wells has been sup- 
planted by one large well thirty-two feet deep and thirty feet w^ide. 
sunk in the field near the Canal Lewisville road beyond the Tus- 
carawas River bridge. The water, purified by natural sand filtration, 
is pumped to the top of Reservoir Hill in East Coshocton. The reser- 
voir has a capacity of 324,000 gallons. The purity of Coshocton water 
is a most important advantage of this municipality, and owned and 
managed by the city it strikingly demonstrates the benefit of govern- 
ment ownership of a class of public utilities. 

In 1903 the city council accepted the $15,000 library gift of An- 
drew Carnegie made through his secretary who directs library dona- 
tions and with whom F. E. Pomerene corresponded. Several avail- 
able sites in the heart of the town were oiTered, in the territory of 
four of the city's five school buildings, east of the Panhandle, luit the 
west end was astir. There was pulling and hauling in council, and 
the city was led into strange ways. Coshocton started out to locate 
a library, and three different sites east of the railroad were officially 
chosen. One contract was not altogether to be kicked under the table, 
and the city paid a forfeit of $1,500 for a five-foot sidewalk from Main 
Street to the Sixth Street Theatre, before the owner of the lot along- 
side agreed to tear up his library contract. 


Affairs were reaching a crisis. Before a large crowd the council 
went through a stormy session — one of those scenes which have made 
the old city hall memorable in the electric light and paving conflicts 
between public and private interests. 

There was the customary edifying process of browbeating and 
bulldozing some councilmen. Then it was proposed that council re- 
tire with the library board to a room upstairs, to talk it over in private. 

Councilman John Wisenburg, whose integrity and public spirit 
have won him the esteem of the people, protested long and vigorously 
against binding the council by admitting the vote of another body, 
the library board. The meeting waxed warm. A majority of the 
councilmen voted for a site east of the railroad, but the others, talked 
to and talked at a great deal, voted with library board members for 
the site at Chestnut and Fourth streets. This was supposed to settle it. 

"We're not bound to vote for it," said Wisenburg to Craig as they 
all filed downstairs to the council chamber. 

"They'll not hold me to it," answered Craig, who was once sheriff. 

"\'ote no," said Wisenburg. 

"I will," but Craig found parliamentary machinery a different 
thing to master from the engines in the Coshocton Novelty. 

It was moved to adopt the site at Chestnut and Fourth, and the 
clerk was ready to call the roll. 

"Craig," he began. 

"Yes," answered the engineer. 

Wisenburg called across the table, "Change it, Charley; recall 
your vote." But it was not recalled. Somewhere there was a mis- 
understanding. And thus was the library storm laid by a vote. 

Joseph Love's years of service as librarian, dating back to the 
days of the public library in the Burns Building, have been most use- 
ful and valuable to the community. An incident in his work has been 
the saving of thousands of dollars in the preservation of books by his 
own binding when the original covers have become too worn to hold 
a volume. 

Miss Lucy Beach, assistant librarian, brings to the work a lively 
interest in literature and a ready disposition to serve inquirers. The 
library is held close to the people, an institution prized by all, in school 
and out. From the collection of Coshocton's daughters who started 
the first library the list has grown in the Carnegie institution to 7,500 


volumes — and most of these are not long on the shelves, a tribute to 
the popular endorsement of selections made by the trustees. Refer- 
ence works of special value are in the collection, covering a wide range 
of historv, biographv, travels, and scientific subjects. Standard liter- 
ature is well represented. Fiction, which is most in demand, includes 
the work of the liest writers. Leading i)eriodicals are (in file in the 
reading rooms. There are many government reports, but these are 
not listed, and remain in the basement, patiently and dustily awaiting 
someone to come along and ask for them. The top floor and base- 
ment are given over to assembly rooms, where literary, educational, 
musical and religious meetings are held. A museum collection of 
historical and ge/aeral character has lieen started. Every summer 
Coshocton stojis business for a dav to go on a railroad excursion, part 
of the proceeds from ticket sales being devoted to the library. 

Life in the country has come into closer touch with the city as 
a result of the telephone and that great institution of a more recent 
date, the rural free delivery of mail. It was in 1899 that H. H. 
Milligan conferred with the writer about bringing this service to Co- 
shocton County, and shortly afterward Coshocton R. D. No. i was 
established through Keene and Bethlehem townships. Today nearly 
two-score rural delivery routes are in operation in Coshocton County, 
including several extending from adjoining counties. 

The piano is in the home, and the spinning wheel is no more, ex- 
cept as a decorative accessory. Even the feather-beds became repre- 
sented years ago by a vast progeny of plump and flufify pillows, and 
something more modern and less overwhelmingly luxurious took the 
feather tick's place. The land is filled with spacious country homes 
with wide verandas and their air of homelike comfort. Lawns are 
studded with trees that have shaded the pioneer planters. 

The self-binder harvests the wheat of Coshocton County, and corn 
is cut by machine, while some have experimented with milking cows 
by machinery. The phonograph is heard, and the bicycle long ago 
came into the country, and automobiles honk-honk all over the county 
in verification of the ancient prophecy that men would some day ride 
in horseless carriages, and fly through the clouds — for airship ex- 
periments have been made in Coshocton. 

Ever since the sixties the Grange has been a growing factor in 
the thought of our farming community until now the farmers" in- 


stitutes are principal conventions in various parts of the county. 
Tliese organizations are designed to exert an educational influence 
along the line of improved farming, how to raise thirty bushels of 
M^heat where the yield was fifteen to the acre, what kind of sheep to 
raise with the most wool, how to restore soil that has been cropped 
over and over, and saving what is possible of the timber before the 
sun bakes the life out of the land. The Grange is accomplishing that 
much needed thing for the agricultural interest — organization, the 
thing which has benefited every other interest, and the lack of which 
has been the one great drawback to the farmers in exerting the united 
influence that would be a power in accomplishing favorable results 
to themselves. 




Among the most important signs of the times is the pohtical pohcy 
of leading newspapers in the largest cities to publish the news of all 
parties, leaving the people to form their own conclusions from what 
they read in the news columns, or to adopt the views expressed on 
the editorial page. 

In politics as in all things it has come to be the day of independent 
thinking. The newspaper in greatest demand is the one tliat prints 
the news impartially. This advance of the independent press, how- 
ever, is mostlv in metropolitan centers. In the smaller field where 
countv printing is given to the partv organ there is less independence, 
though in recent years the item of countv printing in Ohio has been 
considerably reduced. 

Coshocton County is making tremendous progress in independent 
voting, while her party press continues. True the present-day par- 
tisanship of the local organs is not the intense, furious prejudice of 
the past, and to this extent reflects the change which is manifested 
the country over. The voters, however, have made such headway in 
the last decade that three-fourths of the ballots cast in local elections 
represent independent selection of candidates on various tickets. In 
many instances the voter's party aftiliations cannot be detected from 
his marking of the ballot. 

Of Coshocton's early press something is recorded in preceding 
chapters. To this is added an incident touching on the work here 
of Joseph Medill, as related by Ernest E. Johnson, well known in New 
York newspaper work and who was one-time editor of the Coshocton 
Age: In the garret of one of Coshocton's homes a bundle of musty 
newspapers, long since forgotten, came to light in i88g. Thev were 


yellow and crumbling with age. Those primitive looking little news- 
papers were the product of Medill's pen. The man who found them 
was a Whig, and in the dingy little newspaper office, where boxes 
served for chairs, quills for pens, and pokeberry juice for ink, they 
spent many hours debating the infant Whig planks that grew to 
giants within a decade. 

This friend who perhaps sow^ed the seed of some of Joseph Medill's 
greatness was Thomas Humrickhouse. That musty old bundle of 
newspapers of another generation had more than a passing interest 
for him. He preserved them with jealous care until his death. There 
was history wrapped up in that nearly forgotten bundle. It recalled 
stirring times of half a century ago. Lincoln's greatness dawned only 
a Httle later. Medill had heard of the tall "rail-spHtter." He and this 
friend whose counsel he so often sought discussed the views taken 
by this man in Illinois. They read and re-read an anti-slavery speech 
which the "Man of Destiny" made at Springfield. 

"Who is this man Lincoln?" inquired Medill editorially. That 
copy of the Coshocton Republican should have had a place in historical 
records. Thomas Humrickhouse never forgot it. He pointed out the 
paragraph to the narrator of this incident in 1889. There was his- 
tory — there was prophesy in every line of it ! 

Medill was essentially a man of 'action. He saw a wider field for 
the principles of which he w^as so ardent an advocate. 

He was one of the very first to discover the genius of Lincoln, 
concludes ]Mr. Johnson. Medill wrote to Horace Greelev, saving: 
"This man Lincoln will bear watching; there's good timber in him." 
What a prophet he was ! 

Coshocton's first newspaper led a precarious existence. After Dr. 
Maxwell founded the Republican it was continued by John Frew as 
the Coshocton Spy, then Burket E. Drone published it as the Demo- 
cratic Whig, and after a year's suspension the name of Coshocton Re- 
publican was restored with the coming of Joseph jMedill as editor. 
When he went to Cleveland the paper was acquired by H. Guild, but 
it again suspended until the office was sold to R. W. Burt who changed 
the name to the Progressive Age. James Matthews and Thomas W. 
Flagg were associate editors, and William A. Johnston was foreman. 
Several years later the paper was sold to A. R. Hillyer, and soon after- 
ward to Jose])h W. Dwyer who received an appointment in the 


Treasury Department. The paper passed to Asa L. Harris in 1861, 
and the name changed to the Coshocton Age. At the close of the 
war Harris was appointed postmaster at Atlanta, Ga., and T. W. 
Collier became editor of the Age. A dozen years later it was pur- 
chased by A. W. Search and J. F. IMeek. and subsequently the last- 
named conducted it alone. ^Mr. Parrish was identified with the paper, 
and Ernest E. Johnson was in editorial charge until C. B. JMcCoy 
obtained the property. James Collier, foreman, retained a proprietary 
interest. In after years the Age Publishing Company was formed 
with Jf;i2,ooo capital stock, and the paper issued daily. T. \\'. Morris, 
now of Pittsburg, was the first city editor. The present editor is 
R. C. Snyder, and the business manager E. H. Alack. They own the 
majority of stock. Other shares went to ^^'. A. Himebaugh, C. B. 
AlcCoy, E. L. Lybarger, J. F. Aleck, S. M. Snyder, Iva A. 
McCoy, Mrs. R. C. Snyder, Mrs. P. P. De Hart, E. O. Selby, George 
M. Gray, J. AI. Compton, \\'. H. Crawford, Dr. W. B. Litten. George 
A. Hay, Alatthew Crawford, M. A. McConnell, R. A. Crawford. 
E. C. Compton is city editor. 

The Castle of Liberty and the Battle Ax of Freedom was the mil- 
itant name of a paper begun in 1831 at East Union by John Meredith 
and ended in Coshocton next year. 

The Western Horizon was started in Coshocton in 1S35 as a 
Democratic paper bv County Treasurer ^^'illiam G. W'illiams. Rus- 
sell C. Bryan and Joseph E. Oliyer were successiyely editors. When 
T. A\'. Flagg and Chauncey Bassett became the publishers the name 
was changed to the Coshocton Democrat. Following came Ayery & 
Johnson, James F. Weeks, Dr. A. T. \\'alling. Rich & W^heaton, Asa 
G. Dimmock, A. McNeal, AA'ash. C. Wolfe, Dimmock & McGonagle. 
In 1866 John C. Fisher of Licking County assumed the editorial man- 
agement. C. E. Cottom was for years identified with the Democrat 
before going to the Standard. Ed Shepler succeeded him as foreman 
of the Democrat. While Air. Fisher seryed in the State Senate the 
editorial work was done by the Rey. ^^'illiam E. Hunt, W. R. Gault 
and others. 

For a year or so after the Alexican ^^'ar a religious publication 
called the Practical Preacher was issued at Coshocton by the Rey. 
C. E. Wirick of Plainfield, and historical sketches of Coshocton 
County were contributed by the Rev. H. Calhoun. 


A literary periodical styled Young America, published by S. M. 
Rich and J. V. Wheaton, had a brief life here in the early fifties. 

Nearly a score of years later a literary and local paper called the 
Saturday Visitor was published by H. D. Beach, who came from the 
Democrat and was associated with L. L. Cantwell. This was fol- 
lowed here in 1874 by an independent newspaper named the Coshocton 
People, published by H. D. Beach. It lived a year or so. L. L. Cant- 
well published the Farmers Home Journal monthly for a while. 

With the beginning of the eighties the Coshocton County Com- 
monwealth was issued by the Ferguson Brothers as an independent 
newspaper for a few years. A leading newspaper founded in 1879 
was the Democratic Standard, and the vigorous campaign conducted 
by the owner H. D. Beach, for a division of the Democratic share 
of county printing between his paper and Mr. Fisher's Democrat led 
Mr. Beach into political activities memorable in the annals of the 
county. The only way to obtain recognition from the county officials 
was to elect officials who would accord recognition. Mr. Beach made 
a personal canvass which resulted in an organization of young Dem- 
ocrats throughout the county who formed a power. They were 
known as the "Kids," while the opposition Democrats were termed 
"Mossbacks." The "Kids" triumphed in the election of Casimir 
Lorenz from Adams Township as County Commissioner, and there- 
after the Democratic portion of public printing was divided between 
the Standard and the Democrat. It was not until years afterward 
that the Kid-Mossback differences in the local Democratic party dis- 

Linked with indelible memories of the Democratic Standard is 
W. H. McCabe, widely known, witty, humorous, always a fund of 
anecdote. His death marked the passing of the Standard. It was con- 
solidated with the Democrat, a stock company was formed, 1901, and 
a daily started, edited at different times by C. Scherer and D. H. 
Harnley. A controlling interest was sold to W. T. Alberson who is 
the present editor of the Times, as the paper has been known since 
1905. John Moist, formerly of the Columbus Dispatch, is city editor. 
The law formerly required the county official reports to be printed 
also in German papers, and the Coshocton Wochenblatt was estab- 
lished in 1880 by H. D. Beach and L. L. Cantwell. Henry Minig was 
identified with the paper. It was later edited by Otto Cummerow until 


sold in 1887 to Jacob Werner who has widely extended the influence 
of the paper. 

Fourteen years ago the Coshocton Herald was published as an 
independent newspaper for a few months by Clem Pollock, who came 
from the New York World and who in recent years has been prom- 
inently connected with the Hearst newspaper interests in Boston and 

In 1899 S. O. Riggs issued the Coshocton Republican a short 

The same year the Coshocton Bulletin began its four years' life. 
T. F. Smiley, who today is well known in Pittsburg newspaper work 
as night manager of the Tri-State Press Bureau, was associated with 
the writer in the editing and publishing of the Bulletin. R. A. Craw- 
ford, State Building and Loan Inspector, was at one time a partner. 
The Bulletin was Republican — intensely Republican — 365 days in the 
year. The principle of refusing to advertise medical quacks turned 
away dollars that were sadly needed. 

A few years ago the Democratic Review was published for a short 
time by C. E. Cottom. 

The United Laborer was established, 1908, by Charles ^IcCort 
and Rufus Wolfe. 

At Bakersville the Press was published by A. Rippl, now a manu- 
facturer in West Lafayette. 

In Warsaw the Clipper was printed first by Mr. Crom, then by 
G. S. Bassett, on a press of heavy beams, old iron and things. When 
this mixture was agitated at one end, the cylinder started on a dizzy 
flight to the other end of the press, and you waited expectantly for 
something to go off. The catastrophe which followed each time was 
a copy of the Clipper. Afterward came the Xeutral, edited by E. E. 
Hays, author of the official report of "Ohio at Vicksburg" and the 
"History of the 32d Ohio." In Plainfield Charles A. Piatt issued the 
Sentinel. The Press appeared at West Lafayette, succeeded by the 
Indicator, the only paper now issued in the county outside the city. 

Harrv Ferguson's humorous writing has made the Indicator 
known a long way from West Lafayette. A specimen at random is 
his skit on the Vanderbilt-Szechenyi wedding, in which he mentioned 
the bridal trousseau worth two or three Tuscarawas valley farms, the 
honeymoon in a Newport villa, the light housekeeping on a yacht. 


then the usual misunderstanding- about some actress, after which the 
two family residences farthest apart that would be used most. This 
is contrasted with another wedding — John Jones and Mary Brown — 
the bride jeweled with a fifty-cent breastpin and wearing her hair 
frizzed, while John has a $i6 tweed and new shoes that hurt his 
feet and squeak. Their honeymoon is in a little house on the hillside 
where John's call of the pigs is sweet melody to Mary, and his glad- 
some "Pooy, pooy" is accompanied by the soft, gentle strains of the 
dishpan. Fifty years hence, observes the philosopher, just look around 
for the Joneses, in the trades and professions, in high places — men of 
character and usefulness. Then look up the Szechenyis. 

As previously noted the day of the hidebound party organ is passed, 
and newspaper-making is now so much a matter solelv of accu- 
mulating money that there is danger of a commercial thralldom, in- 
sidious to the welfare of society. A press under venal control sup- 
presses news or alters it at the dictation of private interest; reports 
are garbled and biased through sinister or mercenary motives, and to 
advance personal schemes. 

Newspapers conducted only with an eye to money-making, regard- 
less of principle, may win the applause of the shallow-minded always 
impressed with the sight of dollars, but such a press conspicuously 
fails in its pretended public service. 

In its highest and broadest sense the press should champion the 
rights and liberties of the people: it should serve the whole com- 
munity; nothing should stand in the way of devoted service to the 
common interests. Of necessity, this means an editorial policy that 
must beware of all entangling alliances, political, social, commercial, 
which may limit or embarrass such service. 

The wrongdoer fears nothing so much as he fears publicity. A 
vigorous, impartial press is a blazing sun, blighting workers of 
iniquity. Turn on the light. Let us walk in it rather than in dark- 
ness. And let the people realize in time, and not when it is too late, 
their own responsibility of extending full support to an honest press, 
the advocate of industrious peace for the highest and best develop- 
ment of this city and county, and the advancement of justice. 




When the Spanish mine under the waters of Havana harbor sank 
the L^nited States battleship ]\Iaine on the night of February 15, 1898, 
sending 266 souls into eternity, and war began for the freeing of 
Cuba from the oppressive rule of Spain, Coshocton County was ready 
again as she always was in the defense of the country. 

Here the American spirit was as strong as in the days of old. 
Nearly two-score years had passed since the last war — a commercial 
era in which every energy of the community was directed toward the 
arts of peace. But Avhen the country again called upon her young 
men the sons of Coshocton responded with all the patriotism which 
actuated the boys of the sixties. 

They went out to endure hardships and they did it like Americans. 
True they traveled better, while their predecessors rode in anything 
in the shape of a car that could lie found. But when the boys of '98 
reached camp they endured _'8-mile practice marching, slender fare, 
and sleeping on the ground in rain. About the only complaint from 
our volunteers was that they were not permitted to go where the 
fighting was. 

The Coshocton volunteers went from Camp Bushnell, Columbus, 
to Camp Alger at \\'ashington, D. C. In that fever-stricken camp 
where troops of the L^nited States suffered much from the scourge 
of typhoid there were eighty cases in the Coshocton company. In 
August Company F went to Camp [Meade near Harrisburg, Pa., and 
remained on duty there a month, when peace followed the short, 
sharp and decisive victory of the Lnited States over Spain whose 
navy had been sunk at Santiago and Manila. 



Company F 
Mustered in May 13, 1898. Mustered out November, 1S98. 
George Callentine, Corporal. 

Baxter D. McClain, Captain. 
Charles A. McClure, ist Lieut. 
Charles B. Compton, 2d Lieut. 
S. B. Hays, ist Sergeant. 
John H. Lang, Quartermaster 

Harvey B. Davis, Sergeant. 
Charles Carpenter, Sergeant. 
Roy Carnes, Sergeant. 
Harry Hack, Sergeant. 
Harry D. Moore, Corporal. 
David Jackson, Corporal. 
Robert M. Temple, Corporal. 

Franklin Linn, Corjjoral. 
Asa Williams, Corporal. 
Grafton Carnes, Corporal. 
Harry Culbertson, Corporal. 
Carl Herbig, Corporal. 
William Milligan, Corporal. 
John Richards, Corporal. 
Noah McClain, Musician. 
Albert Piatt, Musician. 
Thomas Spahn, Artificer. 
George Ferrell. Wagoner. 

Albert, John. 
Arnold, Robert. 
Bible, Adam. 
Bible, Howard. 
Burchfield, David. 
Bruminger, Clarence. 
Bock, Jr., George J. 
Collins, Bert. 
Callentine, Charles. 
Carpenter, Adolph. 
Clark, James. 
Cochran, Bert. 
Courtwright, Harvey. 
Crawford, John. 
Compton, William. 
Collins, Benjamin. 
Carter, Charles. 
Dawson, Carlos. 
Dawson, William. 
Dunmead, Archie C. 


Dunmead, John. 
Elson, Harrison. 
English, Oburn. 
Fortune, James. 
Freeman, Edward. 
Guild, Thomas. 
Gardner, John. 
Groh, John. 
Groh, Robert. 
Henderson, Charles. 
Howard, Harry. 
House, Florus. 
Hufifman, James. 
Hook, George. 
Hamilton, William. 
Hankins, Samuel. 
Jones, Edward. 
Jones, Lloyd. 
Kunnemund, \\'illiam. 
Koehler, Malcolm. 



Koehler, \\'illiam. 
Kastettar, Jacob — Chef. 
Longstreeth, Stephen. 
Lamma, Andrew. 
Lane, \\'aUer. 
Lazehe, John. 
Latham, Lemuel. 
Lynch, W'ilham. 
McMannis, Charles. 
Miller, Claude. 
Miller, Earnest. 
Mills, Earl. 
Monahan, William. 
Manning, William. 
McCarton, Arthur. 
McKenna, Huey. 
Mayer, Ralph. 
Poole, Charles. 
Phillips, William. 
Patton, Roy. 
Powelson, John. 
Richards, John. 

Richards, Thomas. 
Rudolph, Charles. 
Remer, Harry. 
Savrey, Eugene. 
Shepard. Clarence. 
Shumate, Guy. 
Smith, George. 
Squire, William. 
Shaw, George. 
Stafford, William. 
Scherrer, John. 
Senft, Charles. 
Snell, Eugene — Died, 
Talmadge, Grey. 
Trippy, John. 
Trucks, Albert S. 
Tish, Fred. 
Weller, Samuel A. 
Wells, James. 
Woods, Melville. 
West, George. 
West, Thomas. 


Enlisted with Other Troops in the Spanish War. 

Allen, Thomas, Co. K, 7th O. V. I. 

Bahmer, Charles V., Orderly at headquarters. Point Montauk, 
Long Island; detailed messenger to General Wheeler; attached to 
Hospital Corps, Fort Wadsworth, N. Y. 

Bible, Joseph L., Sergeant Co. M, 15th O. \\ I. 

Connelly, F. E., Co. M, 8th O. V. I. 

Caldwell, R. B., Corporal Co. C, ist Pa. V. I. 

Coleman, Charles, Co. K, 7th O. V. I. 

Darr, L. S., Co. B, 8th O. V. I. 

Duggan, Charles, U. S. Navy, in battle of [Manila. « 

Everhart, James, Co. B, 7th O. V. I. 

Erv, Edward D., Co. F, 22d Kan. \\ I. 


Holland, James J., U. S. Navy, the Nashville. 

Kleineknecht, Henry M., Co. I, 6th Artillery. 

Lynch, William H., Corporal Co. A, 4th Col. 

Milligan, W. Ernest, Musician, 29th O. V. I. 

McClain, Robert, Co. G, 5th O. V. I. 

Norman, Frank, 7th O. V. I. 

Park, \V. H. L., Co. A, ist 111. V. I. 

Ralston, Karl, Corporal Co. M, 6th O. V. I. 

Smith, George F.. Co. B, 8th O. V. I. 

Stanbaugh, Charles L., 3d Col. 

Weller, Erwin, Co. C, ist O. V. I. 

\\"ills, \\'. ;M., Corporal Co. K, 7th Cavalry. 

\\'asseau, Bert. Co. M, 7th Cavalry. 

Dr. George \\'. Crile, the eminent surgeon of Cleveland, who is 
a Coshocton County product, was in the Porto Rican campaign, com- 
missioned as Major. 

In the Philippine service during the period following the Spanish- 
xA.merican ^^'ar when American troops were engaged in suppressing 
the native insurrection against the United States government, Cosh- 
octon County was creditably represented. 

In the Philippine Service. 

Allen, Philip, Co. H, 6th Regt. 

Brown, George, 13th Battery. 

Carpenter, Simon J., Co. AI, 28th Regt. 

Compton, Charles B., promoted from Sergeant in Signal Corps to 
Lieutenant and Captain in Regular Army. 

Carter, Charles, Co. F, 17th Regt. 

Lower, Dr. AA'. E., Surgeon 45th Regt., ranking as Lieutenant. 

Osier, Harry, Co. G, 7th Regt. 

Potter, Isaac, Co. C, 41st Regt. 

Peairs, John, Regular Army. 

Riggle, Frank H., Corporal, Co. A, 41st Regt. U. S. A. 

Talmadge, Grey, Co. A, 41st Regt. U. S. A. 

AVest, Thomas, Co. A, 41st Regt. U. S. A. 

In the army and navy at present are the following from Coshoc- 
ton Countv: 


Charles Burt, First Lieutenant, Heavy Artillery, Fort \\'orden. 
Puget Sound; served in the Philippines. 

Frank Smoots. Corporal Co. L, 19th Regulars. 

Walter Kitchen, Sergeant, U. S. Navy. 

Xorris B. Rippl. 20th Co.. Coast Artillery Corps, Fort Barran- 
cas, Fla. 

Hugo Rippl, Sectmd Lieutenant Philippine Constabtilary ; trans- 
ferred to California. 

Edward Thornsley, L^. S. Navy. 

Ed Hack, V. S. Cavalry, stationed in Texas. 

Earl Clark, U. S. Navy, Y. M. C. A., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ray Hack, Coast Artillery, Fort ]\Ionroe. Ya. 

Harvey Davis, Sergeant, 2d Regt.. Fort Thomas, Ky. 

\\'alter Lane, Regular Army. 

^^'alter Carpenter, Coast Artillery, Fort Flagler, AA'ash. 

LLarry Eyster, Co. F, 17th Regt. 

James Clark, Regular Army. 

Clifford Jackson, Sergt. 5th Cavalry, Fort Apache, Ariz. 

Washington ^IcKee, L^. S. A., Alaska. 

Forest AA'intermuth, 13th Regt., Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 

Lewis, U. S. Navy. 

Several from Coshocton Countv who were formerlv in the serv- 
ice include: 

Carl Doney, Regular Army. 

Samuel Felver, L^. S. Navy. 

Charles Rippl, Sergeant, Coast Artillery Corps: transferred to 
Recruiting Service and to loth Company. Regular Army, Fort Mac- 
Kenzie, Wyoming. 

Bert C. AWlson, Sergt., iQth Co., Coast Artillery Corps. 

Rollo Harris, 13th Cavalry. 

J. C. Shaffer, Troop L 8th Cavalry. 

Lester Hack, Hospital Corps, Philippines — Died at Hong Kong. 
China. 1908. 

Earl Funk. Co. E, nth U. S. Infantry. 

Isaac Miller, 28th L". S. Infantrv. 



It is not necessary to go outside Coshocton County courts to note 
the emphatic distinction between modern methods at the bar and those 
'.hat prevailed in earher times. 

The advocate of yesterday and the business lawyer of today 
present widely different types in the professional pages of Coshocton 
life. For one thing emotional pleading belongs to the past. The 
change to the more matter-of-fact address may be attributed to the 
advance in jury intelligence. 

Under the present mode of criminal practice, giving the prosecu- 
tion the closing argument, much is detracted from the commercial 
value of counsel's emotions, whether real or artificial, and in conse- 
quence the safeguards of society have been strengthened. 

Only once in recent years did a member of the Coshocton bar 
indulge in emotional pleading to the extent of calling on God to 
strike him down then and there if he were not telling the truth, and 
as the speech frothed from his lips he sank to the floor, and soon after 
went to his grave. 

That most trying feature in litigation — the law's delays, against 
which the centuries have protested as far back even as in Shakes- 
peare's day — may discourage the citizen seeking justice, but even a 
more grave condition confronts the people in the affirmation by a 
Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court at the banquet this year of the 
Coshocton Bar Association, that the rule in the State Supreme Court 
at times may set aside a just verdict or sustain an unjust decision 
because of technical considerations ! In other words, the bench gives 
us, not justice, but technicalities. Such things do not deepen venera- 
tion for our modern judicial system. 


The bar of this county has a creditable record in its representa- 
tion on the bench, among the most creditable in Ohio. High ideals 
maintained in the profession have conferred the ermine on very able 
members. Judge J. C. Pomerene and Judge R. AI. Voorhees of the 
Circuit Court rank among the most distinguished in the service. 
Judge Voorhees, now on the Circuit bench, by temperament and vig- 
orous mental organism is described as among the best qualified judges 
in the State. Neither abrupt nor impetuous in manner, but uni- 
formly gracious, moderate and equitable, he is esteemed by the bar 
for his personal qualities and admired for his abilities. As lawyer, 
facing the strain of an uphill fight in court, he has always had in re- 
serve an indomitable quality of endurance and firmness, the staunch 
character that endured in the defense of his country through her 
darkest years. Judge A'oorhees ser\-ed from i8()() to i<,)05, and is 
now entering his second term. 

Judge Pomerene, who served from 1893 until his death in 1898, 
is remembered for his devotion to his profession, his careful address, 
his pleasant demeanor. The law was his life-work. 

Striking individuality is noted in members of the Coshocton bar 
who have attained the Common Pleas bench. Puritanical sedate- 
ness characterized the first, \\'illiam Sample, who served from 1857 
to 1867, and was a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1874. 
Emphatic personality distinguished John D. Nicholas who went on 
the bench in 1887, serving ten years. A tribute to his character is 
the statement that he had not an iota of sycophancy. He was eloquent 
and forceful as a speaker. 

As pronounced a personality is that of Judge S. H. Nicholas, who 
won his spurs as lawyer in association with Attorney W. S. Alerrell. 
He began his present term on the Common Pleas bench in 1907. 
Thoroughly sensible of the popular attitude toward defects in the 
present-day judicial system. Judge Nicholas is not given to regard- 
ing judges as any more than human; nor does he aver that infalli- 
bility comes to judges elevated higher in courts that repeatedly re- 
verse themselves, and then again reverse their reversals. 

The fact that such discussion may strike some with a sort of 
horror, as though it sounded of sacrilege, only indicates that there 
are too many who have fallen into a habit of thought more becoming 
to subjects than to citizens. They have come to look upon their 


courts as far apart and above them — which is a state of mind that 
some one has well said is not to be encouraged in a government whose 
safety depends upon the intelligence and character of its citizens. 
The intelligence that is prone to slavishness and the character that 
bends its knees too reverently in the presence of power are the re- 
verse of democratic. Respect for the courts is praiseworthy — pro- 
vided the courts deserve it. But when the courts cease to be just 
tribunals and sacrifice truth on the altar of technicalities, the day has 
arrived that, in the words of Charles Sunnier, the blood of martyrs 
crying from the ground summons them to judgment. 

Elsewhere within these pages is noted the distinction won by 
Coshocton lawyers in political and other fields. 

The Common Pleas Court of this county is in the Sixth District, 
Third Subdivision, with Holmes and Wayne. 

The Circuit is the Fifth, embracing the fifteen counties of Ash- 
land, Coshocton, Delaware, Fairfield, Holmes, Knox, Licking, Mor- 
gan, Morrow, Muskingum, Perry, Richland, Stark, Tuscarawas and 




In the seventies Warsaw presented arguments in favor of making- 
it the seat of countv government. There was talk of building a new 
courthouse in Coshocton. Opposition to this came from Warsaw, 
and the countv voted against a new building. Representative Black- 
burn, from this county, fathered a l)ill in the Legislature, providing 
for the collection of taxes to pay for the $90,000 courthouse which 
was iinally erected in Coshocton in 1875, but it cost Mr. Blackburn 
his re-election. 

\\'ithin the last year there have been alterations in the courthouse 
which, with fire-proof file cases, cost about $19,000. 

Aliout the time the courthouse was erected the jail and sheriff's 
home were built for approximately $25,000. 

The Countv Infirmarv, two miles east of Coshocton, was provided 
in the forties. Four hundred acres were bought for $5,500, and the 
buildings erected thereon cost several thousand dollars. There are 
fifty inmates at present. 

The list of county officials, together with the present yearly sal- 
aries, follows: 

$1,035, ^^'ith Two- Year Term. 
Charles Williams, 1811-13. John G. Pigman, 1824-26. 

Mordecai Chalfant, 1811-18. lienjamin Ricketts, 1825-28. 

James Miskimen, 1811-21. Gabriel Evans, 1826-33. 

James Calder, 1813-17. Richard Aloore, 1828-31. 

Squire Humphrey, 181 7-19. John Mitchell, 1829-32. 

Samuel Clark, 1818-29. Samuel Clark, 1831-33. 

Robert Darling, 1819-25. John Ouigley, 1832-34. 

Robert Boj'd, 1821-24. Andrew Ferguson, 1833-38. 



Joseph Neff, 1833-36. 
Daniel Farquhar, 1834-43. 
Eli Fox, 1836-39. 
Arnold Medberry, 1838-44. 
Samuel Winklepleck, 1839-42. 
J. D. Workman, 1842-45. 
Isaac Darling, 1843-49. 
James Ravenscraft, 1844-47. 
Samuel Lamberson, 1845-48. 
Alexander Matthews, 1847-50. 
George Wolf, 1848-51. 
Francis Buxton, 1849-52. 
Henry Schmueser, 1850-56. 
Thomas Darling, 1851-54. 
Lewis Swigert, 1852-55. 
Owen Evans, 1854-57. 
Abraham Shaffer, 1855-58. 
James E. Robinson, 1856-59. 
William Doak, 1857-63. 
William Hanlon, 1858-64. 
James M. Smith, 1859-65. 
Thomas Darling, 1863-69. 
Joseph Keim, 1864-70. 
Thomas McKee, 1865-71. 
Joseph S. McVey, 1869-75. 
John Taylor, 1870-76. 
Samuel Moore, 1871-77. 
William Forney, 1875-78. 

John C. McBane, 1876-86. 
William Berry, 1877-87. 
S. M. Daugherty, 1878-81. 
Casimir Lorenz, 1880-88. 
Vincent Ferguson, 1883-89. 
Samuel Neldon, 1884-89. 
Abner McCoy, 1888-94. 
A. M. Dinsmore, 1889-95. 
Daniel Fair, 1890-94. 
John A. Hanlon, 1894-95. 
(Appointed to fill vacancy caused 

by death of Mr. Fair.) 
Thomas McConnell, 1894- 1900. 
E. G. Abbott, 1895-98. 
A. M. Marshall, 1896-99. 
Calvin G. Simmons. 
(Appointed for two months, 

Daniel Barrick. 
( Appointed for eight months, 

Lewis Fisher, 1898-1904. 
John T. Funk, 1899- 1902. 
Jacob Balo, 1900-06. 
Benton Davis, 1902-09. 
McNulty Dixon, 1906-11. 
Fred Rinehart, 1907-11. 
John Smith, 1 909-11. 

In the beginning the commissioners appointed as their clerk, 
Thomas L. Rue, and soon afterward Adam Johnston, who served as 
auditor at $40 a year until 1821. The list continues: 

$2,410, With Two- Year Term and Deputy Allowance of $2,000. 

Alexander McGowan, 1821-25. Wilson McGowan. 

Joseph Burns, 1825-38. (Served temporarily, 1843.) 

J. \\'. Rue, 1838-48. H. Cantwell, 1848-50. 



John W. Cassingham, 18S0-87. 
Joseph Burrell, 1887-93. 
Newton Specknian, 1893-99. 
C. A. Lamberson. 1899-1905. 
C. R. Randies, 1905-1909. 
Walter J. Winters, 1909-1911. 

B. F. Sells, 1850-52. 
William Himebaugh, 1854-5)^ 
Samuel Farquhar, 1858-62. 

C. H. Johnson, 1862-66. 
W. R. Farquhar, 1866-71. 
William Walker, 1871-75. 
\\'illiam Wolf, 1875-80. 

At first the treasurer received five per cent, of the taxes collected, 
then three per cent., amounting to about $60 a year before 181S. It 
was customary then for county funds to be loaned to responsible citi- 


$2,410, \\'ith Two-Year Term and Deputy Allowance of $1,610. 

William Whitten. 1811-17. 

Dr. Samuel Lee, 1818-24. 

James Renfrew, 1825-26. 

John B. Turner, 1827-28. 

Alexander McGowan, 1829-30. 

Samuel Rea, 1831. 

Robert Hay, 1832-34. 

William G. Williams, 1835-46. 

Benjamin Bonnett, 1847-49 (re- 
signed. ) 

J. W. Rue ( appointed to fill un- 
expired term, 1850.) 

William P. Wheeler, 1851-52. 

Lewis Demoss, 1853-56. 

Samuel Ketchum, 1857-59. 
Samuel Lamberson, 1859-64. 
Samuel Burrell, 1864-68. 
Thomas Jones, 1868-72. 
Richard W. AlcClain, 1872-76. 
John Waggoner, 1876-80. 
John Beaver, 1880-84. 
\\^illiam Walker, 1884-88. 
George C. Rinner, 1888-92. 
S. F. Dawson, 1892-96. 
J. D. Severns, 1896- 1900. 
W. H. Williams, 1900-04. 
Richard Clark, 1904-09. 
G. W. Stillinger, 1909-II. 

$2,410, With Four- Year Term and Deputy Allowance of $1,100. 

Thomas Campbell, 1852-55. 
C. S. Barnes, 1855-58. 
John T. Simmons. 1858-64. 
AL C. ^IcFarland, 1864-70. 
Joseph Burns, 1870-75. (Died 

in office. ) 
W. F. Thornhill. 1875-76. Filled 

unexpired term.) 

Alexander Hanlon, 1876-82. 
H. Blackman, 1882-8S. 
\\'. R. Gault. 1888-94. 
C. B. Hunt, 1 894- 1 900. 
T. C. Roche, 1900-03. 
R. L. Donley, 1903-09. 
Frank Ashman, 1009-13. 



$1,745, With Fees, Two- Year Term, and Deputy Allowance of $720. 

C. Vankirk, 1811-15. 
Charles Williams, 1815-19. 
Charles Miller, 1S19-21. 
John Smeltzer, 1821-23. 
John Crowley. 1823-27. 
T. Butler Lewis, 1827-29. 
John Crowley, 1829-33. 
J. H. Hutchinson, 1833-37. 
Samuel Morrison, 1837-41. 
Joseph C. Maginity, 1841-45. 
Samuel Morrison, 1845-49. 
Samuel B. Crowley, 1849-53. 
John Hesket, 1861-65. 
James Sells, 1865-68. 
Thomas Piatt, 1868-69. 

Joshua H. Carr, 1869-73. 
John Lennon, 1873-77. 
Jacob Severns, 1877-82. 
Andrew Miller, 1882-86. 
J. B. Manner, 1886- 1890. 
Charles Craig, 1890-94. 
Daniel Hogan, 1894, died in 

Henry Clark, 1894-1900. 
Richard Lanning, 1853-55. 
W. H. H. Price, 1855-57. 
David Rodehaver, 1857-61. 
A. C. Hedge, 1900-04. 
Hamilton Browning, 1904-09. 
A. C. McDonald, 1909-11. 

$1,600 With Two- Year Term. 

Wright Warner, 1811-17. 
Alexander Harper, 1817-23. 
Charles B. Goddard, 1823-27. 

Served during terms of court 
until 1830. 
W. Silliman. 
David Spangler. 
Richard Stilwell. 
Noah H. Swayne, 1830-33. 
Josephus Ricketts, 1833-34. 
G. W. Silliman, 1834-41. 
T. S. Humrickhouse, 1841-43. 
Thomas Campbell, 1843-49. 
William Sample, 1849-51. 
John T. Simmons. 1851-55. 

John D. Nicholas, 1855-57. 
Charles Hoy, 1857-60. 
Richard Lanning, 1860-61. 
Thomas Campbell, 1861-62. 
Asa G. Dimmock, 1862-68. 
R. M. Voorhees, 1868-72. 
William S. Crowell, 1872-76. 
A. H. Stilwell, 1876-78. 
T. H. Ricketts, 1878-80. 
Albinus H. Stilwell, 1880-86. 
S. H. Nicholas, 1886-92. 
W. R. Pomerene, 1892-98. 
T. H. Wheeler, 1898- 1904. 
James Glenn, 1904-07. 
Joseph L. McDowell, 1907-11. 



$2,115, ^^ itli Two- Year Term and Deputy Allowance of $1,000. 

Adam Johnston, 181 1-29. 
John Frew, 1829-38. 
Alexander AIcGowan, 1838-43. 
Joseph Burns, 1843-51. 
B. R. Shaw, 1851-54. 
A. M. Williams, 1854-57. 
Lemuel Kinsey, 1857-63. 
Charles K. Remick, 1863-69. 

G. H. Bargar, 1869-75. 
Israel Dillon, 1875-81. 
Samuel Gamble, 1881-88. 
A. J. Hill, 1888-94. 
R. B. McDermott, 1894-1900. 
W. A. Mizer, 1900-06. 
Jesse McBane, 1906-11. 


$1,600, With Two-Year Term and Deputy Allowance of $725. 

Adam Johnston, 181 1-29. 
Joseph Burns, 1829-36. 
George W. Price, 1836-40. 
Russell C. Bryan, 1840-46. 
G. F. Cassingham, 1846-55. 
John F. Williams, 1855-57 (Re- 
signed. ) 
R. M. Hackenson, 1857-58. 
A. McNeal, 1858-61. 
C. \\\ Stanford, 1861-64. 
L. L. Root, 1864-70. 

M W. Wimmer, 1870-76. 
John Al. Crawford, 1876-82. 
W. H. Coe, 1882-89. 
Gilbert Copeland, 1889-95. 
T. H. Glover, 1895-98. 
E. AI. ?klortlev, 1898-1004, 
(Died in office.) 
Carl A. Manner, 1904. 
(Filled unexpired term.) 
C. M. Bible, 1904-00. 
Charles H. Stipes, 1909-11. 


Two-Year Term ; $5 a day and Expenses for County work ; $4 a day 
and Horse Hire on Good-Roads Work. 

William Lockard, 1812-17. 
James Ravenscraft, 181 7-19. 
William Coulter, 1819-24. 
William G. Williams, 1824-30. 
James Ravenscraft, 1830-36. 
John yi. Sweeney, 1836-42. 
John M. Fulks, 1842-48. 
Henry Seevers, 1848-52. 

Lemuel Kinsey, 1852-55. 
C. W. Alc^Iorris, 1855-58. 
R. L. Baker, 1858-61. 
T. P. Latham, 1861-64. 
Levi Gamble, 1864-71. 
John A. Hanlon, 1871-74. 
George Moore, 1874-80. 
Samuel M. Moore, 1880-89. 


James Long, 1889-92. 
A. M. Fisher, 1892-95. 
C. L. Reamer, 1895-98. 
(Served for Howard E. Culbert- 

Samuel Moore, 1898-1904. 
George J. Bock, Jr., 1904-09. 
Ross E. Hamilton, 1909-11. 

David Bookless. 
George Leighninger 
James Ravensrraft. 
Abraham Sells 
Benjamin Coc. 
Thomas McNally. 
Addison Syphert. 
James T. McCleary. 
Joseph Hitchens. 
William Jeffries. 
Thomas Piatt. 

Two- Year Term ; Paid in Fees. 
Nicholas Schott. 

John Richeson. 
Joseph Burns, 1879-83. 
Isaac Vance, 1883-87. 
Nathan Buckle w, 1887-91. 
S. H. Miller, 1891-95. 
Dr. J. G. Carr, 1895-1897. 
Dr. M. H. Hennel, 1897-99. 
Dr. F. M. Marshall, 1899-1965. 
Dr. T. W. Lear, 1905-09. 
Dr. J. D. Lower, 1909-11. 


Two-Year Term; $2.50 a Day and Expenses While Officially 


Lewis Row. William McCoy. 

James Jones. C. F. Sangster. 

Henry Wheeler. Samuel Gardiner. 

Isaac W. Miller. Thomas Wiggins. 

John M. Johnson. R. C. Warren. 

Stephen D. Sayer. Daniel Fry. 

Thomas Dwyer. Jacob Bretzius, 1881-87. 

D. E. Laughlin. Calvin S. Skinner, 1882-89. 

George McCune. Daniel Valentine, 1883-90. 

J. C. Frederick. Joseph A. Cochran, 1888-94. 

William Simons. William Hunt, 1889-95. 

James McBriar. Philip Thomas, 1890-95. 

John Chambers. Gabriel Lorenz, 1894-1900. 

Nathan Buckalew. Daniel J. Dickey, 1895-98. 

John Hawley. William Graham, 1895-98. 



John F. Xornian, 1898- 1904. G. ^^^ 'Sleek, 1905-09. 

I. J. Baker. 1899-1902. John O. Dawson, 1909-11. 

A. S. Hoagland, 1900-06. ]\Iartin Carroll, 1909-11. 

Thomas Adams, 1902-09. Howard Parrish, 1909-11. 

Henrv Ehrich, 1904-09. 


Coshocton County has been in various Congressional districts, and 
at present is in the Seventeenth with Tuscarawas, Wayne, Holmes 
and Licking. Five Coshocton representatives have been sent to 
Washington: David Spangler, 1833-37: James Matthews, 1841-45; 
John Johnson, 1851-53: Joseph Burns. 1857-59: and John W. Cass- 
ingham, 1901-04. 


The county is in the joint i8th-i9th Senatorial district, with Tus- 
carawas, Guernsey, Monroe, except part of Benton and Bethel town- 
ships, and Rinard's Mills precinct, and Noble County, except part of 
Beaver, Bufifalo, Enoch, Marion, Seneca, Stock, Wayne, Center, Elk 
and Jefferson townships. East Union and part of Dexter precinct. 

These have served from Coshocton County in the State Senate : 
Wilson McGowan, 1821-22. William Stanton, 1864-65. 

Dr. Samuel Lee, 1826-27. James M. Burt, 1866-67, ^"d 

Charles Miller, 1828-29. 1870-71. 

James Ravenscraft, 1834-36. John C. Fisher, 1873-74 and 

James Matthews, 1838-39. 1878-79. 

John Johnson, 1842-43. W. S. Crowell, 1884-85. 

W. F. Thornhill, 1845-46. D. H. Mortley, 1888-89. 

Andrew Ferguson, 1850-51. J. P. Forbes, 1892-93. 

Heslip Williams, 1854-55. Joseph L. Myers, 1900-01. 

A. L. Cass, 1858-59. 

The salary of members in the State Legislature is $1,000 a year, 
with allowance of twelve cents a mile, limited to two trips a month. 
The term is two years. 

Robert Giffen, 1812. Squire Humphrey, 1817. 

Charles Williams, 1814-15. Joseph W. Pigman, 1818-20. 

Joseph W. Pigman, 1816. James Robinson, 1820-24. 



Charles Williams, 1825. 
John Smeltzer, 1827-28. 
N. H. Swayne, 1829. 
James Robinson, 1830. 
Charles W. Simmons, 1831. 
James Matthews, 1832. 
John Crowley, 1833-35. 
Samuel Whittemore, 1836. 
James Matthews and F. 

Thornhill, 1837. 
Joseph Burns, 1838-40. 
Jesse Meredith, 1841-42. 
George A. McCleary, 1843. 
Jesse Meredith, 1844. 
Heslip WiUiams, 1845. 
Joseph Williams, 1846-47. 
James M. Burt, 1848-50. 
Timothy C. Condit, 1851. 
George McKee, 1852-54. 
John Pierson, 1854-56. 
Patrick Thompson, 1856-58. 
C. F. Sangster, 1858-60. 

James Gamble and J. N. Fellows, 

W. F. Thornhill, 1864-70. 
(Speaker of the House, session 

of 1868-69.) 
James M. Burt, 1866-67. 
John Baker, 1870-72. 
B. C. Blackburn, 1872-74. 
W. John Baker, 1874-76. 

E. L. Lybarger. 1876-78. 
John Hardy, 1878-82. 
G. H. Bargar, 1882-85. 
James ^I. Williams, 1886-87. 
J. P. Forbes, 1888-91. 
B. C. Blackburn, 1892-93. 
John L. McKee, 1894-95. 
James Glenn, 1896-97. 
J. C. Adams, 1898-1901. 
J. Ab. Finly, 1902-03. 
M. A. McConnell. 1904-05. 
E. L. Lybarger, 1906-08 
L. D. Schott, 1909-10. 

Andrew J. Wilkin, 1862-64. 

Coshocton County citizens filling State offices include R. A. Craw- 
ford, Building and Loan Inspector ; C. H. Geidel, Canal Superin- 
tendent; C. L. Cassingham, of State Mining Commission; ]\Iiss Mary 
McClure, Workshop Inspector; E. L. Lybarger, of Commission in- 
vestigating election of U. S. Senators by vote of the people — was for- 
merly member of the State Board of Public Works, State House 
Building Commission, Sheridan Monument Commission. J. E. Aron- 
holt is U. S. ganger and storekeeper. 

Attorney F. E. Pomerene is President of the Board of Trustees, 
Ohio State University. 

George A. Hay was a member of the S'tate Board of Penitentiary 
Managers during Governor McKinley's administration, a member of 
the commission investigating convict labor conditions, and at present 
on the Board of Review adjusting tax valuations in this county. W. 
M. Smith and George Ayres are memliers of this Board. J. M. Comp- 


ton served for years as United States Commissioner. G. H. Bargar 
was U. S. Pension Agent at Columbus. 

Captain E. Z. Hays was a member of the A'icksburg Monument 
Commission : J. P. Forbes of the Ohio Centennial Commission : L. K. 
Anderson of Governor Bushnell's staff; James Gamble of the Board 
of Public Works, 1863, James Moore, 1864-69, Leander Ransom, 
1836-45; John C. Fisher of the Fish Commission, 1875; J. W. Dwver, 
Superintendent of Internal Revenue for the Northern District oi ( )hio, 
and afterward Pension Agent at Columbus; W. A. Johnston, Deputy 
U. S. Internal Revenue Assessor; John Frew, James Dryden, Dr. 
|. H. Lee and C. A. Lamberson, Deputy Collectors of Internal Rev- 
enue; AA'illiam E. ^lead and George Hill, Canal Superintendents; 
loseph L. Alorris, State Inspector of Alines. i886-8y; C. A. Marden, 
Electrician of Penitentiary. 

For anyone with the inclination or leisure to go into the details of 
modern Coshocton County politics there is much to interest, to amuse, 
to edify, and to mystify. It would fill a separate volume to tell the 
story of Democratic and Republican politicians, the county conven- 
tions and the caucus methods now abandoned for the later system of 
nominating candidates and party committeemen by whole vote of the 
people, a nominating system which like others may develop unforeseen 
defects, but which is hailed as an advance over the caucus-stuffing, 
convention-packing and vote-buying of corrupt politicians. 

From the time that Senator Foraker knew the usefulness of a 
subservient press and included Coshocton among the newspaper rivets 
in his State machine, he has filled the Coshocton postoffice with his 
creatures. To their pie-counter vision the Standard Oil Senator ap- 
peared always white as the driven snow. The climax came when tlie 
oil and railroad statesman could not resist having his name come be- 
fore the Chicago convention for President in 1908. Xo one apparentlv 
wanted the job of naming him, and the Coshocton delegate who made 
the attempt may vet live it down. The vote for Foraker was too 
small to remember. 

Afterward the Standard C)il statesman's hopes for reelection to 
the Senate were blasted. His expected leader in the fight for him on 
the floor of the Legislature did not go back to Columbus. The Co- 
shocton Countv Republican convention decided that he had better 
5tav at home. 


The business of the Coshocton postoffice is an index to the increas- 
ing importance of this city in the commercial world. From annual 
receipts of $i 1,000 in round numbers a dozen years ago the office now 
receives $25,000 in a year, while the money-order business amounts 
annually to $80,000. Nearly four million pieces of mail pass through 
the office yearly. The present force besides the postmaster includes 
assistant postmaster, two dispatchers, two general delivery and stamp- 
window clerks, one money-order and register clerk, five city carriers, 
seven rural carriers, one substitute clerk, two substitute carriers, and 
one special delivery messenger. 

Adam Johnston. 181 1-29. W. A. Johnston, 1864-65. 

Wilson McGowan. 1829-30. R. M. Voorhees, 1865-69. 

William K. Johnson. 1830-45. T. W. Collier, 1869-81. 
C. H. Johnson, 1845-49. John G. Magaw, 1881-85. 

R. F. Baker, 1849-53. H. D. Beach, 1885-89. 

Samuel Rich, 1853-54 Joseph K. Johnson, 1890-94. 

H. N. Shaw, 1854-61. W. H. McCabe, 1894-98. 

Asa L. Harris, 1861-64. C. B. McCoy, 1898-1907. , 

A. H. Fritchey, 1864. S. M. Snyder, 1907 — 

Among Coshocton's mayors George A. Hay, Republican leader 
who for many years actively devoted his energies to the party's in- 
terest, holds the record for longest service. Nominated each time by 
acclamation he was elected four times. The village incorporation dates 
back to 1833, but the loss of early records deprives us of the names 
of the early mayors. 


Thomas Campbell, 1847-51. G. F. Wilcoxon, 1863-64. 

John C. Tidball, 1851-52. J. C. Pomerene, 1864-65. 

James Irvine, 1852-54. W. R. Farquhar, 1865-66. 

John C. Tidball, 1854-56. William Ward, 1866-67. 

Welcome Wells, 1856-58. J. S. Elliott, 1867-68. 

A. J. Wilkin, 1858-59. L. L. Cantwell, 1868-69. 

John C. Winn, 1859-60. J. S. Elliott, 1869-70. 

C. H. Johnston, 1860-63. Hiram Beall, 1870-72. 


J. M. Compton, 1872-76. A. N. Compton, 1892-94. 

L. L. Cantwell, 1876-78. James P.. Manner, 1894-96. 

T. H. Ricketts, 1878-80. T. B. Hack, 1896-98. 

George A. Hay. 1880-84. G. W. Cassingham, 1898- 1902. 

John T. Simmons, 1884-86. E. C. Rinner, 1902-06. 

George A. Hay, 1886-90. W. A. Smith, 1906-08. 

R. M. Elliott, 1890-92. Gail Hamilton, 1908-10. 



While much progress has been made along many lines in Co- 
shocton County there is one thing which, under the laws of Ohio, 
hangs as a millstone to the necks of the people, and that is our anti- 
quated tax system. Courthouse officials have declared that if the 
people knew the truth there would be an upheaval. Certain it is that 
the conditions are not any too well known. 

In a general way the average taxpayer feels that he is unjustly 
burdened. Beyond that few have looked into the trouble deep enough 
to detect the elements that manage to shift most of the heavy burden 
to the shoulders of the land owner. 

A man's all may be his home in town or it may be a farm, and 
the law empowers the county to tax him for everything in sight, at a 
rate of two to three per cent and more. But an express company or 
telegraph company, gas, electric light or other corporation, earning 
vastly more from the business done in the county, pays one per cent 
of its earnings to the State, and one-tenth of one per cent of its capital 
stock, while the county must stop at a tax on the property of the cor- 
poration without being allowed to touch the business earnings. The 
farmer is taxed on his crop earnings, however, and altogether the 
heavy toll is taken from the land owner while others are called on for 
less by grace of the voters and the kind of men they send to the Legis- 
lature of Ohio. 

The man that has money to earn interest for him by investing it 
in bonds is not taxed under the law. Were this injustice corrected 
and moneyed interests compelled to assume their fair share of the 
county expense, the load on land owners would be lightened, and the 
community at last would have a fair deal in the matter of taxes. 


Under the present system where is the justice in taxin,y- every- 
thing the farmer has and his crop earnings, while the county levies 
only on a gas corporation's pipe line and leaves untouched the enor- 
mous earnings from the product passing through that pipe? And 
the same is true of the electric light and various other corporations. 
They arranged it very profitalily hy having the State collect one per 
cent of their earnings instead of letting the county levy on their 
business for three per cent. 

An investigation into Coshocton County's taxing machinery re- 
veals the mass of multifarious detail and horse-blanket sheets of fig- 
ures in the work of the county auditor. From access to the records 
by courtesy of Auditor Randies, and from the experience and knowl- 
edge of Xewton Speckman in his service as auditor, the workings of 
our tax system are outlined herewith. 

As already indicated the land is the particular object of taxation 
under the existing arrangement, and to insure getting every dollar 
that can be taxed out of real estate, e(juitably of course, farm values 
are looked over twice, and city property three times. First, there are 
the land appraisers who report everv tenth year on land values in 
their townships. Then the county commissioners, auditor and sur- 
veyor, as a board of equalization, review the figures: and for city 
valuations their work in turn is examined by the board of review ap- 
pointed by the State auditor. Reductions or additions which the State 
board may make on city valuations are reported to the county auditor, 
and the figures go on the auditor's tax duplicate, to stand for the next 
ten years. If buildings are erected after the property has been ap- 
praised, the personal property assessors place a value upon the same, 
and the personal equation is a mighty factor in this proceeding, as 
men ha\-e disco\-ered who find themselves paying more tax than a 
neighbor with a costlier building. The belief is prevalent that build- 
ings should be valued on the tax duplicate at sixty per cent of the 
cost, but Air. Speckman points out that buildings should be listed at 
what they add to the value of the property. He continues : 

"If a person is on the tax duplicate at a too high valuation, appli- 
cation can be made to the board of equalization at the annual meeting, 
and if the valuation is found to be too high it may be reduced, but 
the amount of the reduction must be added to other propertv that is 


valued too low. The grand tax duplicate of real estate cannot be 
reduced below what it was the preceding year." 

The assessors report personal property in the various townships, 
including buildings and other property except land. The county 
auditor and commissioners go over these returns, and may reduce or 
increase the valuations. 

Referring to the appraisement of railroads by the county auditor 
Mr. Speckman attests that the method is not altogether satisfactory. 
The railroad company, he states, submits its figures to the county 
auditor, and the auditor has no means of knowing much about the 
valuation submitted. In Indiana it is cited that they do things dif- 
ferently, where a State board makes a thorough investigation into 
railroad property, putting the P., C, C. & St. L. on the tax duplicate 
for about twice as much a mile as in Ohio. In some States the ap- 
praisement is based upon the gross earnings of railroads. 

^lerchants and manufacturers are recjuired to report their average 
monthly business. In the case of banks three items are reported to 
the county auditor on which tax valuations are fixed: The amount 
of capital stock paid in, undivided profits, and surplus. The tax valu- 
ation in Coshocton County has been fixed at 66 2-t, per cent of these 
amounts. It has been increased at times, but the State Board of 
Appraisers has reduced it in each case. 

Telegraph, express and telephone companies make their returns 
direct to the State Board of Appraisers. The State Board fixes the 
valuation for taxation and returns the amounts so fixed to the county 

Building and Loan Association stockholders are required to report 
individually their stock to the assessor for taxation, instead of the 
Association being called upon to report as in the case of a bank. A 
few years ago a bill was introduced in the Legislature requiring the 
Association to pay the taxes. The bill was defeated. An inquiry 
was made at that time regarding the amount reported for taxation 
in Coshocton Countv. It was found that about five per cent of the 
amount of stock found its way upon the tax duplicate. 

In the county's present taxation of coal lands the purpose of the 
appraisers is the separation of surface value and mineral value. The 
coal operator pays tax on one-third of the valuation of the land. The 


present tax paid on coal lands is $2 per workable acre. The output 
of coal has never been taxed. 

Insurance companies have never paid local taxes here. They re- 
port to the State. 

^\'hat Coshocton County taxpayers paid in 18S3 and what they 
paid in igo8 is an interesting comparison showing the changes in the 
last quarter century. 

1883 1908 

Acres of land 35^-^49 35^-398 

Land valuation $ 8,131,510 $ 6,317,380 

City and village real estate valuation 949,160 2,938,890 

Chattel or personal valuation 4,341,470 5.648,100 

Total valuation $13,422,140 $14,904,370 

1883 1908 

Total State taxes $ 38,924.19 $ 20,036.22 

County fund 18,790.98 4^1,222. 7,t, 

Poor fund 5-368.85 1 1,923.40 

Bridge fund 32,213.12 32,789.36 

Building tax 2,980.85 

Road tax 8,053.04 40,060.01 

Township road tax to be worked out I5,658.2cj X'one 

Township tax 19,046.48 52,015.20 

School 50,257.07 132,426.26 

Indigent soldier 2,980.85 

Special 1,910.95 16,079.13 

City or village 9,997.66 42,602.54 

Dog 2,605.00 3,736.00 

Total County and Local Tax less dog. $161, 299. 44 $377,079.93 
In accounting for the falling off in land valuation, that of 1883 
was from the decennial appraisement of 1880 when land prices here 
had been going up steadily. The 1908 valuation was from the ap- 
praisement of 1900 when the country had not fully recovered from 
the decline in prices attending the general business depression. 

The great bulk of the increase in city and village real estate valu- 
ation came with the increase in the citv of Coshocton. 


The increase of more than a million dollars in the valuation of 
personal i)ro|)erty came largely with the \Mieeling & Lake Erie, the 
Toledo, Walhonding A'alley & Ohio, and the Cleveland. Akron & 
Columlnis railroads, built since 1883. There was a considerable in- 
crease in manufacturing establishments. 

Fewer moneys and credits were returned in 1908 than twenty-five 
years ago. A large amount of Coshocton County money has been 
invested in non-taxable securities within the last ten years, including 
county, township, municipal and school bonds. 

With all these changes there has been an increase of only 
$1,582,230 in the valuation on the duplicate in twenty-five vears. 

In 1883 there was a total State levy of 29 cents on every $100, 
taking $38,924.19 from the county. In 1908 the State levy was a 
fraction more than 13 cents a hundred dollars, less than half the rate 
of 1883, and the county paid the State $20,036.22. Several years ago 
the Legislature passed the bills imposing excise taxes on corporations, 
whereliy the State levy was reduced. There are those who have ad- 
vocated collecting all State taxes from corporations, but the real benefit 
to the county would be to levy its own tax on the local business of 
corporations, which would increase the receipts enough to easilv pav 
the State and lig^hten the burden of other taxpayers in the county. 

The fund raised for county purposes, including election expenses, 
salaries, supplies, etc., was much less in 1883 even though it also em- 
braced the building and judicial funds which are now separate expense 
accounts on the auditor's books. 

The increase in the Poor fund has accompanied the sending of our 
children to the Tuscarawas County Home, and caring for the blind, 
which was not done twenty-five years ago. 

Since the enactment of the law for the collection in monev of the 
road tax, instead of citizens working it out on the road, there has been 
much dissatisfaction in Coshocton County. Under the law the road 
tax paid by the townships is returned by the county to the township 
trustees and road superintendents to expend in improving the roads. 
But there are districts where road improvement is not seen, at least 
no one notices it, and the taxpayers of that district bump along while 
their money is making good roads in other parts of the township. The 


demand has risen for a restoration of the district road-making system, 
and with effective methods to insnre the huilding of good highways 
we may yet see all over the county such fine roads as have been built 
by Commissioners AlcConnell, Marshall, Abbott and others. 

In connection with the home-rule sentiment favoring road-building 
by each district is the demand to restore the management of schools 
to district directors. The township school board method is opposed 
because the people of a district consider they understand their local 
conditions better than a township board, and are therefore ciualified 
to select their own teacher. Furthermore, on this subject of teachers, 
a reform for which there is imperative need is to abolish the appoint- 
ment by the probate judge of the county board of teachers' examiners. 
For years these appointments have been a political asset of the probate 
office. There have been probate judges who held out the examiner 
plum to whoever delivered the most votes. The office has been cor- 
rupted by probate judges arranging with examiners to issue teachers" 
certificates as political favors to applicants not qualified to pass an 
honest examination. 

There is a noticeably large increase in the school tax over that of 
twenty-five years ago. While in 1883 there were the Bedford Special,- 
the West Carlisle Special, Roscoe Union, West Lafayette Special. 
New Castle Special and Coshocton Union school districts, today the 
county includes the Coshocton City school districts. West Lafayette 
Village, Warsaw Village, Plainfield A'illage, Nellie \'illage, Roscoe 
Village, \\'alhonding Special, New Castle Special, West Bedford Spe- 
cial, West Carlisle Special, Tiverton Special, Conesville Special. In 
1883 young Coshocton went to school in the Sycamore and the Walnut 
Street buildings : now, [resides these two, there are the High School, 
the Bancroft and the South Lawn schools. 

The dog tax has paid claims for killed sheep and left a balance 
to transfer to the school fund. The law that made the dog tax a lien 
upon the real estate has been declared unconstitutional, and it is an- 
ticipated here that there will be less dog tax collected in the future 
unless legislative provision be made along that line. 

The rate paid by taxpayers on every hundred dollars in each town- 
ship twenty-five years ago and in 1908 is compared as follows: 



Covering State, County, Township and School Levies 

Townships and Districts. 1883 1908 

Adams $1.58^ $2.32 

Bedford 1.32 2.00 

Bedford Special i-36>^ 2.32 

Bethlehem 1.29 1.94 

Clark i.48>^ 2.32 

Crawford i .61 2.62 

Baltic Special 1.92 

Franklin 1.28 2.14 

Conesville Special 2.02 

Jackson 1.54 2.24 

Roscoe Corporation 2.84 

Roscoe Union 1.76 2.54 

Jeft'erson 1.34 2.36 

Mohawk Special 2.^8 

Nellie Special 2.23 

Nellie Corporation 2.18 

Warsaw Corporation 1.59 3.08 

Warsaw School District 2.38 

Keene 1.25 2.06 

Lafayette 1.41 1-84 

Lafayette Special i .5 1 2.44 

West Lafayette Corporation 2.60 

Linton 1.70 2.64 

Plainfield Special 2.94 

Plainfield Corporation 3. to 

Millcreek 1.14 1.84 

Monroe 1.77 2.t,2 

New Castle 1.5 1 2.68 

New Castle Special 1.57 2.28 

Walhonding Special 2.18 

Oxford 1.231^ 1.80 

Pike 1. 16 2.00 

West Carlisle 1.^6 2.16 


Perry I.l6 2.10 

Xew Guilford Special 2.24 

Tiverton 1-5- --^^ 

Tiverton Special -2.58 

Tuscarawas 1.48 --54 

Coshocton Union 1.50 2.76 

Coshocton City 2.04 3. 48 

Virginia i .45 --62 

Adams Mills Special 1.82 

Washington i-JoK 2.00 

White Eyes lAS'A ^48 

Entirely separate from the county tax was the liquor tax of $1,000 
collected from each saloon. When the county voted in 1908 to close 
the saloons, $26,000 in tax receipts were cut off. During the collec- 
tion of the liquor tax the auditor got three per cent of the tirst $20,000, 
and one and a half per cent of the halance, while the treasurer got a 
lialf per cent. There remained about $25,000, of which the half went 
to the citv, two-tenths to the county infirmary, and three-tenths to the 

About $150 a year is collected from the $15 cigarette tax. The 
auditor and treasurer get the same percentage of fees as in the liquor 
tax, and the fund is then apportioned as follows : City, one-fourth ; 
Count}' infirmary, one-fourth ; State, one-half. 

There is an auctioneer's license ; and peddlers are taxed $28 a year 
for a two-horse wagon, $18 for one-horse wagon, $12 horseback or on 
foot. A circus is taxed $40 a day. The treasurer's fee is six per cent. 

In 1907 the county defeated at the polls the proposition to build 
the ]\Iain Street bridge from Coshocton to Roscoe. and the Twelfth 
Street bridge. In every flood of the Coshocton rivers much of the 
countv has been cut ofT from the city. When the bridges lost in the 
1907 election Representative Lybarger fathered a bill in the Legis- 
lature in 1908 providing for a special election on the petition of a 
hundred voters. The same month the election was held and both 
bridges carried. In June, 1908, the first tax for these bridges was 
levied — ten cents on a hundred dollars. At this writing a remon- 
strance has been started on the ground that the cost of the bridges 
was understated when the election was held, and that the figures will 


go as high as half a milhon dollars by the time damage claims of prop- 
erty owners along the bridge approaches are settled. 

The question of building the bridges to carry electric cars is in- 
volved in the discussion, some contending that the proposed trolley 
line should bear a proportion of the cost. For years the county has 
w^aited for an electric railroad. The latest projected route parallels 
the Pennsylvania Lines from Newcomerstown to Coshocton and 
strikes southwesterly across the county through Virginia Township 
coal fields. 



Within the secular scope of these chronicles, having more par- 
ticular reference to temporal rather than spiritual or religious affairs, 
it is not feasible to go into the story of each church in every township. 
To do that means a chapter for every one, and in this year of our 
Lord, nineteen hundred nine, the church has grown to so great an 
institution over what it was in the county's earlv davs that a separate 
volume would be required to record denominational and congregational 

In the pages on the pioneer life are related the first efforts here 
in organized religious work. Today there are a hundred congrega- 
tions in Coshocton County. 

The Methodist membership is especially large. There are thirty- 
four M. E. church buildings in the county, and every township is in- 
cluded in that list of houses of worship except Tiverton. Almost 
every town here has its Methodist church. The following places are 
represented, the congregations not in towns being listed in townships: 

Coshocton Franklin 

Canal Lewisville Roscoe 

Adams Township (2) Warsaw 


Bedford Township 

West Bedford 

Bethlehem Township 



Franklin Township 


Mohawk \'illage 

West Lafayette 
Linton Township 

Millcreek Township 
Spring Mountain 
New Castle 



Perrv Township (2) 
New Guilford 
West Carlisle 
Virginia Township (2) 
New Moscow 
Washington Township 


Nine Presbyterian congregations in Coshocton County have 
church buildings, the largest of which is the Coshocton edifice of white 
stone, among the most beautiful examples of ecclesiastical architecture 
in this section of the State. The other churches are in the northern 
and eastern parts of the county, also in Jefferson Township in the 
west. In the southern portion Virginia Township is well represented 
in the church at Adams Mills on the county line. Following is the lo- 
cation of Presbyterian congregations, all in towns except two: 
Coshocton Jefferson Township West Lafayette 

Bakersville Warsaw West Carlisle 

Clark Township Keene Adams Mills 

Since the days of the courthouse services eighty years ago the 
Methodist Protestant membership has grown here to the extent of 
eleven congregations. About half the townships of the county have 
M. P. churches. The Rev. Stokely S. Fisher, present pastor in Co- 
shocton, is known in literary work as a contributor of magazine poetry. 
The M. P. churches are located as follows: 
Coshocton Franklin Township Plainfield 

Bethlehem Township (2) Roscoe Monroe Township 

Blissfield \\>st Lafayette New Castle Township 

Oxford Township 

Among the earliest churches established in the county is the Bap- 
tist, whose strength today is represented by fourteen congregations. 
Early in the nineteenth century the meetings at Coshocton were held 
in Wilson McGowan's tavern, and later in the courthouse. Services 
are now held in Baptist churches at the following places : 
Coshocton West Lafayette Oxford Township 

Canal Lewisville Linton Township Perry Township 

Clark Township Monroe Township (2) Tiverton Township 

Jackson Township New Castle Township Virginia Township 

Among the churches established in this county in later years is the 
Disciple, which now numbers five congregations holding services in 
their own houses of worship. Formerly, in Coshocton, meetings were 
held in City Hall, then in the modest frame building in Eleventh Street, 
which has been succeeded by the Main Street church edifice. The 
Disciple churches of the countv at present include: 


Coshocton Walhonding- Tiverton 

Spring- [Mountain Isleta 

There are five Lutheran churches within our county borders at 
this writing. For years there was no work of organization in Co- 
shocton where a considcral)le nunilier of Lutherans came to hve, and 
finding no church of their faith tliey gradually affiliated with other 
denominations. The Lutheran churches are located in 
Coshocton Chili Franklin Township 

Adams Townshij) Xew Bedford 

Four German Evangelical churches are in the county, principally 
in northern townships in regions populated mainly by descendants of 
earlv German settlers. The churches are situated in 
Coshocton Chili Xew Castle Township 

Tiverton Township 
Eight congregations of the Evangelical Association church are 
organized in Coshocton County. All are in the country north of the 
county seat, and largely in the northern tier of townships. Following 
are the places having Evangelical cluirches: 

Blissfield Jefferson Township }\lillcreek Township 

Clark Township Nellie Monroe Township (2) 

The growth of the Catholic church is a feature in ecclesiastical 
historv of the county. Even since the comparatively recent days of 
Father Jacquet, who as a missionary priest attended Chattanooga and 
Little Rock, there has been such advance that besides the new building 
of Sacred Heart church in Coshocton, a school has been erected during- 
Father Synan's charge. The school contains four rooms. There are 
125 pupils taught by five Dominican sisters. All grades are taught in- 
cluding a high school course. The advent of the French marked the 
l)eginning of the Catholic church in Franklin Township, more than 
half a centurv ago, and prominent among the organizers was Anthony 
Wimmer, Sr. At the same time a congregation met in the Killbuck 
log church, Monroe Township, and descendants, of the early organizers 
are represented in todav's cliurch at Spring [Mountain whose trustees 
include Joseph Krownapple, W. J. Krownapple and Joseph Haverick. 
In 18S6 the Catholic congregations, of Linton and Franklin townships 
consolidated, and a new church building. Our Lady of Lourdes, was 
erected in the southwestern part of Linton Township. 


The United Brethren church of Coshocton advanced from meetings 
in City Hall fifteen years ago to the house of worship in Park Avenue. 
The membership grew to two hundred during the pastorate of the 
Rev. A. E. Fair. The church recently lost an earnest worker in the 
death of Charles W. Smith. 

The United Presbyterian church appears in the earliest records of 
organized religious work in Coshocton County. Robert Boyd, pioneer 
member, assembled meetings in Keene Township when the county was 
only half a dozen years organized. Today the United Presbyterian 
congregations meet in Amity church in Keene Township, and in the 
Fresno church. 

The home of the Christian Church in Coshocton was erected in 
1905. Virginia Township also has a Christian Church. 

The Christian Union Church in Coshocton advanced to the present 
building in 1904 through the constant labor of the Rev. I. B. Dillin, 

The Episcopalian church service was among the oldest held in this 
region, as previously recorded herein. There is an Episcopal church 
at "The Knob," not far from Keene. The Episcopal congregation in 
Coshocton, now holding services in Carnegie Library, is arranging for 
the erection of a church building in Main Street. 

The Seventh Day Adventists have organized in recent years in 
the city, and are holding services in the Selby liuilding. 

The Christian Scientists are represented in Coshocton. Services 
are held in the Gray building. 

Spiritualistic meetings have been held m homes of Coshocton for 

The congregation of the Colored Baptist Church meets in the 
G. A. R. hall. 

For iive years the local corps of Salvation Army workers have held 
street services in Coshocton. 

In the care of her two cemeteries — Oak Ridge and South Lawn — 
Coshocton is fortunate in having the services of Superintendent 
Thomas Page whose work of beautifying our last resting place justifies 
all commendation. 

In the educational work of the county the young teacher has been 
largely in evidence in the last quarter centurv. Yoimg men and misses 


in their teens hold certificates to teach geography, history, physiology 
and other studies unheard of years ago. 

The country school is still at a disadvantage in having all pupils 
from the A-B-C tot to the sixth-reader class mixed in one room under 
the one teacher's charge; and this condition may never be improved 
unless an economical svstem be devised for the transportation of ptipils 
from coimtrv homes to graded schools, giving them the same ad- 
\'antages now enjoyed by town pupils. Thorough work has produced 
results highly creditable to the teaching profession of Coshocton 

A tendencv toward crowding new studies tipon pupils who are not 
sttfficientlv drilled in fundamental acquirements of correct cvery-day 
speech, creditable letter writing, and a general knowledge of btisiness 
and governmenf is the serious defect of modern educatir)nal methods in 
some local quarters. There is also a question regarding the wisdiMii 
of the Coshocton High School ctu-riculum conforming to university 
entrance requirements. Under that system the studv of dead lan- 
guages is a preparatory course for the two per cent of our high school 
graduates who go to college, but for the ninety-eight ]ier cent it is 
regarded a waste of time which were much better utilized along the 
line of broad, general education. The present educatinnal unrest in 
the nation may yet abolish the dead languages from the uni\-ersities, 
when they will no longer be retained in a high-schdul conrse out of 
dubious regard for antiquated prestige. Any change in the direction 
of specialization, however, is subject to criticism: for which reason 
the expansion oi manual training is viewed with disfavor. A'aluable 
school hours consumed by boys in planing boards, and bv girls in sew- 
ing on buttons, are needed for more important work in such limited pe- 
riod of mental training. The use of the hammer and saw and needle is 
something that may be learned in their place out of school just as much 
as the use of any implement — miner's pick, farmer's plow, potter's 
wheel, or any other. And when we discard a dead language it is not 
necessary to consume the student's time with furniture-making. That 
accomplishment may enable him to tmdertake light house-keeping with 
home-made chairs and tables, but the same school hours devoted to 
a study of life-problems would benefit him much ml^re in the days of 
exercising his vote to effect needed improvements in economic condi- 
tions, as, for instance, our taxing system. There is vital need for the 


voters of tomorrow learning more of citizenship, its powers and its 
duties. The poHtical mirest in the country is strikingly shown in the 
increase in the Socialist vote of Coshocton. 

Within the last year a night school has been supported by the tax- 
payers of the Coshocton Union School district. Eighty pupils, repre- 
senting both sexes and ranging in age from fourteen to forty-five, 
came to the four teachers to be taught in fundamental studies, the 
general value of which was proved to these pupils by experience in 
the world of bread-winning. 

Socially the city of Coshocton is free from elements of exclusive- 
ness which open the door only to the golden key or the ancestral 
knocker, ^^'ere W. D. Howells to rise superior to his Fifth Avenue 
surroundings which give him an exaggerated idea of the influence of 
riches, and come instead into the greater world of the American com- 
moner he would see the worker an honored member of society; he 
would find in Coshocton that the worker is not excluded from fash- 
ionable functions, the dance, the reception, the card part}', and other 
diversions of societ}-. Literary and historical clubs and lectures are 
popular, while roller polo, the theatre and moving-picture shows are 
the amuements of the hour, with I)aseball, football and l)asketball 
in season. 

Fraternal organizations are widely represented, including the 
Masons, Elks, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen, 
Forresters of America, United American Mechanics, Maccabees, 
Catholic Mutual Benefit Association, Pathfinders, National Union, 
Protected Home Circle, American Insurance Union, Woman's Relief 
Corps, King's Daughters, and women's auxiliary orders in various 
lodges. The Greek letter societies. Phi Sigma Chi and Alpha Pi, were 
organized by Coshocton High School graduates in recent years. 

Religion and politics have been wisely kept apart by public senti- 
ment in Coshocton County, exerting a certain restraint upon elements 
which would convert a minister of the gospel into a political wire- 
puller. But occasionally there have been exceptions when a misguided 
individual has imagined his position in the pulpit vested in him a polit- 
ical authority. Such a one made an assertion to the writer which 
shows to what extent personal vanity or blind egotism is excited in 
one become drunk with power. It was in the November political cam- 
paign of 1908, after the clergyman in question had been through the 


county local option fight the previous month which for him was replete 
with novel exi)erience. There were days in succession, he related im- 
Dressively, when his clothes were never off. With an air of supreme 
confidence he declared that he could elect or defeat any man. 1 le wrote 
letters over the county calling on voters who opposed the saloon to 
support candidates whom he named as men after their own hearts. 
People knew how ridiculously the facts were misrepresented by the 
amateur politician in the pulpit, and the county repudiated his selec- 
tions at the polls. Soon afterward he was asked to resign his charge, 
and he left the church. It is to he hoped that any future political 
activity in which he may enlist will be freed from an unholy alliance 
with a probate judge who treats children's snowballing as a crime. 

Temperance movements in Coshocton County are described in Rev. 
William E. Hunt's historical writings as dating back to the days of 
the Washingtonians, the Sons of Temperance, Cadets of Temperance, 
Good Templars, and Women's Leagues. About forty years ago the 
saloon issue was before the people of Coshocton in the election of mayor 
and council. The Citizens ticket which represented anti-saloon forces 
was elected by a vote of 143. The total vote for all tickets was 350. 
The new council passed the INIcConnellsville ordinance and ^layor 
Hiram Beall vigorously enforced the law, closing four salmons while 
others were jjlaced under much restraint. The histDrian cuntinues 
that "The taxpayers grew restive under the expenses of trials, and 
public sentiment failed to support the movement, and in due course 
put into the controlling municijial places those who. while ])reserying 
the form of the ordinance, had no sym])athy with its spirit." 

Four vears later women in Coshocton organized a crusade, visit- 
ing saloons, praving on the sidewalk in front in rain and snow, ex- 
horting saloonkeepers to close their business. ]\Iass meetings were held 
nightly, and prayer meetings in the mornings. Men were asked to 
sign pledges not to drink, and women sat near saloons as ])ickets. 
blanketed and with warm bricks at their feet. Finalh' saloons sur- 
rendered their slock, with the understanding that thev would be paid 
for it. Barrel heads were knocked in and the gutters ran with li(|Uor. 
while the bands plaved, the church and courthouse bells rang, men 
shouted, and women sang and cried and prayed. 

Hunt's Historical Collections continue: "Then came a lull. 
Prosecutions, under the temperance ordinance', were now tried. Money 


was wanted, and came in slowly. Somehow a great deal of liquor was 
still drunk. With little observable signs of trade — none when the 
pickets were around — the breath of many still had the odor of beer, 
or what even seemed more discouraging, whisky; because indicating 
a readiness to take stimulant in even more concentrated and damaging 

The change in public sentiment appeared in the next election, and 
soon thereafter the ordinance of 1S70 underwent changes. Within 
six months after the beginning of the crusade Coshocton had more 
saloons than before. 

In after \cars came the Beal local option law, and under it town- 
ships in this county voted out saloons. 

Last October 22, under the new Rose law, an election was held by 
the county on the question of voting out the saloons. The petition 
for the election was circulated by men and women over the county. 
Church bells were rung before the election. There had been twenty- 
six saloons, all in the city of Coshocton, and four were closed several 
weeks before election. The county option fight overshadowed every 
other issue in the political campaign that fall. People scarcely gave a 
thought to any other question, even of such national importance as 
the election of a President, while the one consideration regarding the 
public policy and fitness of candidates for local offices was the ques- 
tion "Are you wet or dry?" 

The countv option election drew out the heaviest vote ever polled 
in the county, 7,774. It resulted in an anti-saloon majority, rolled up 
by the townships outside Coshocton, excepting Crawford, the only one 
in the country that voted "wet." The city of Coshocton gave a wet 
majority of 877, but so large was the dry majority in the county that 
the anti-saloon vote carried the county by 5S4. 

A month afterward no bar in the city sold liquor. A few dispensed 
near-beer and soda water. The rest were succeeded by other lines 
of business. 

Coshocton has experienced a few months as a dry town as this 
record goes to press. ^luch liquor is bought elsewhere by mail and 
received here by express and freight, while suitcases are known to 
leave Coshocton empty and return loaded with wet goods. Beer drink- 
ing gave way to the whisky bottle in the hip pocket. 



In the U. S. Geological Survey of clay deposits in Ohio, 1903, the 
government expert reports that the best clays in the State are found 
in the coal meastires, and the counties which these underlie include 
Coshocton. The report adds that the clay deposit known as the Put- 
nam Hill limestone horizon covers a coal seam called the Brookville 
coal, and a valuable clay deposit is found in the central coal measure 
counties at this level. This' which is largely worked in Muskingum 
County, continues in good volume and of good character through Co- 
shocton County, where it forms the basis of the important building- 
brick industry. By the advanced method employed here there is a 
superior product manufactured, impervious to moisture and of a va- 
riety of attractive buff, cream-colored and darker terra-cotta tints. 

Just before the Civil \\'ar there was oil extracted from the cannel 
coal in the hills of Bedford Township where the C. A. & C. now runs 
to Warsaw. Colonel }^Ietham and \\'illiam Stanton acquired coal 
lands, and on these there burned the fires of many retorts built by 
companies from elsewhere. The u])right boiler-shaped retorts of cast 
iron were filled with coal and heated outside. The vapors were con- 
veved through the worm, and about forty gallons of crude oil were dis- 
tilled from a ton of coal. 

Then came the great strike of petroleum oil in Pennsylvania, and 
the manufacture of oil here was doomed. 

In after years oil prospecting in this county engaged considerable 
capital. There was drilling in various sections, but few wells were 
located, and these were limited producers. Many Coshocton dollars 
went into a hole in the ground. 


There was oil prospecting in the Xew Castle region nearly half a 
century ago, and gas hegan flowing. 

Drilling on \V. H. Crawford's land in Jackson Township, and in 
the Warsaw region took place in earlier stages of local prospecting. 

Nine years ago when the Scio oil hoom was at its height John N. 
Kissner prospected in Coshocton County, drilling in the townships 
of Tuscarawas, Lafayette, Franklin and White Eyes. On the Burt, 
Rogers and Miller lands along- the Panhandle a flow of natural gas 
is still supplying part of West Lafayette. There is a limited produc- 
tion of oil on John Hall's land near Coshocton. 

The oil production in the Bloomfield region is limited. 

The most recent oil prospecting in the county includes the 
drilling on the Wolfe farm half a mile south of Isleta, the wells sunk 
at Helmick and Ruckalew Run, and the developing in Linton Town- 
ship near Birds Run where four gas wells are flowing and good oil 
prospects are reported. 

The topography of Coshocton County is described in the U. S. 
Goyernment suryey as belonging partly to the great plateau of eastern 
Ohio. The surface is sharply rolling and in places rough and hilly, 
the hills maintaining a general summit level of eleven hundred to 
twelve hundred feet above the sea, and no point of land rising to 
an}- mountainous height above the surrounding vipland country. Our 
hills, says the government observer, have a domelike slope, character- 
istic of the weathering of the sandy shales of the region, and there 
are no ridges of any considerable extent. 

The whole county is drained l\v the Muskingum River, which is 
formed near the county center by the confluence of the Walhonding 
and the Tuscarawas. From this point three beautiful and fertile val- 
leys radiate to the county borders — the Muskingum to the south, the 
Tuscarawas to the east, and the Walhonding to the west. 

In addition to the alluvial lands of these valleys there are areas 
along Killbuck Creek, a tributary of the Walhonding, where a broad 
valley extends northw'ard' and along Wills Creek, skirting the southern 
border of the county, while a strip of such land connects the valley 
of Wills Creek and the Tuscarawas valley — probably a former channel 
of the Tuscarawas. It is west of the town of West Lafayette, parallel- 
ing the present valley of the Tuscarawas, from which it is separated 
by a broken range of hills. It extends southward, merging into the 



valley of Wills Creek near I'lainfield. The slopes of this valle_\- are 
several miles in width, and the alluvial land rant^es in width from 
one-fonrth mile to a mile. 

The hottoms along the rivers average almost a mile in width. 
The sedimentary materials of whieh thev have heen hnilt are ar- 
ranged in terraces, five of which mav he counted in some jdaces, hut 
usually only three are well marked. The lower hottoms are so little 
elevated above the streams that they are subject to overflow in periods 
of high water. The surface of the land may be washed away or added 
to by the floods. Such variations may amount to three or four inches 
in a single flood. The average deposit is a silty loam, but quite near 
the river beds of sand or gravel may be thrown down. The higher 
terraces, standing forty to sixty feet above the level of tlie river, 
have a gently rolling surface cnmixised of gravelly loam. 

The hills, with their covering of residual material, rise abruptly 
above the yalleys. In some places, as in the upper valley of the 
W'alhonding, the rocks rear aloft in palisades above the stream. 

Over the greater part of the countv the prevailing rock is a sand- 
stone, a specimen of which is exhibited in tlie Museum of Natural 
History, New ^'ork. 

While coal ma_\ be seen in nearly every hill, the thickness is variable 
and the extent of the bed uncertain. In some places the bed attains 
a thickness of more than three feet : in others it pinches out entirely. 
The easily mined deposits on nearly every farm have given the farmers 
an abundant supply of fuel for home use, and many of them derive 
an income bv mining coal for the market when the farm work is not 

The DeKalb silt loam occupies the whole of Coshocton County, 
with the exception of the stream valleys. The original rocks that made 
up the DeKalb silt loam areas contained some iron, and this is mani- 
fested in the soil bv occasional iron concretions. 

Where the land is still in forests of hardwood in the northern 
part of the county lumbermen are getting out ties and posts, while 
considerable Coshoctiin Countv timber has gone into ships on the 
Great Lakes. 

The Miami loam occurs as strips along the ]\luskinguni, the Tus- 
carawas, \\'alhonding and other streams which have developed flood 
plains. This loam is pronounced the best corn land of the area, and 


the valleys of the principal streams have long been famous for their 
production of corn. 

The yield of corn is sometimes as much as sixty to eighty bushels 
an acre. Timothy hay is largely produced from this soil. 

The Miami gravelly loam occupies the higher terraces along the 
larger streams. The type is extensively developed near West Lafay- 
ette on White Eyes Plain, the ancient bed of a vanished river. The 
other extensive development is around Coshocton, where the broad, 
level terrace of this material forms a beautiful location for the town. 

The U. S. Department of Agriculture reports that "A most pleas- 
ing feature of the economic conditions which prevail in Coshocton 
County is the comparatively equal distribution of wealth among the 
farmers. As a general rule thev own the land they cultivate. The 
barns and other farm buildings are well constructed and suitable for 
the needs of the present system of agriculture. The dwellings are 
usually comfortable two-storied frame buildings, and occasionally 
structures of brick. Slate is invariablv used for roofing." In recent 
vears houses in Coshocton and West Lafavette have been constructed 
of cement blocks. 

The most important crops of Coshocton County's area are corn, 
hav, and wheat, in the order named. The average annual production 
of corn exceeds a million bushels' mostly grown on the river lands. 
The county's average yield is thirty-two bushels to the acre. 

Although the wheat acreage is still about equal to that of corn, 
the average vield is only twelve bushels an acre. Oats yield well. 

The county has ranked first among the sheep-raising counties of 
Ohio, and is still among the leaders in fine-wool breeds. 

Cattle are raised chiefly for home consumption of beef, milk and 
butter. It is remarkable that, in a country so admirably adapted to 
grazing, the dairy products should be barely suftkient to supply the 
needs of the local markets, and sometimes inadequate even for this 
purpose. In the last winter Coshocton paid thirty-two cents a pound 
for butter. Eggs were forty cents a dozen. In northeastern town- 
ships for years much milk has been hauled to factories making Ohio 
Swiss cheese. 

Coshocton ofifers a profitable market for all kinds of country 
produce. A few years ago \\'ednesda_\- and Saturday mornings were 


designated market days 011 which farmers and local dealers sell 
produce from wagons on the curb along Courthouse Square. 

A State improvement to develop the water power of the canals 
and maintain the water supply between Roscoe and Dresden has re- 
centl}- been completed. The Walhonding canal has been widened to 
fortv feet, with a depth of six and a half feet. 

In the Six-Mile dam, where the water of the Walhonding is 
diverted into the canal the chute for fish to flop their wav up the 
center of the dam has been built according to direction of the State 
Fish Commission. 

Our rivers are the home of the pike, that tyrant of fresh waters, 
as our salmon is the king. Large and small mouthed bass, speckled 
bass and catfish are caught here. That game member of the pike fam- 
ily, the muskellonge, attains considerable size here. I\l. G. Hack, 
who is associated with C. E. Ransom in the extensive dry goods house 
of Coshocton, is a local expert with rod and reel who won the Blue 
Hole Fishing Club prize with a 24-pound muskellonge caught in the 
Tuscarawas above the bridge near West Lafavette. There is much 
fishing in the \A'alhonding between Coshocton and Warsaw, and also 
in the IMuskingum. A 41 -pound muskellonge is among the record 
catches in the countv. 

Quail, duck, rabbit and coon are favorite game here for hunters, 
and the man with the gun has been known to come miles from cities 
to shoot Coshocton game. F^ox hunters of this county are represented 
in the Central Ohio Sportsmen's Association. The Game Protective 
Association to prevent poaching and to uphold the game laws has been 
organized here. The county is noted for fine bird dogs which have 
won prizes in leading kennel shows of the country. 

Poultry fanciers in the county have exceptionally high-class rep- 
resentatives of the feathered aristocracv. 



In all its hundred years the community was never without those 
members of the medical profession maintaining always the highest 
ethical standard. The enlightened public understanding in later years 
has aided materially in discountenancing methods intolerable to the 
legitimate practitioner. The physician or surgeon giving first con- 
sideration to the welfare of the community is unrelenting in opposing 
the unscrupulous element which exploits healing qualities that do 
not heal. 

What progress there has been here against quackery may be in- 
ferred from such circumstances as that eye-glass humbug who paid 
for local newspaper endorsements of his treatment of eye troubles and 
who, v\'hen he happened to call at a home where a victim was absent, 
cheerfully asked for a photograph on which he could fit the glasses 
just as well. At least that particular fraud would not find Coshocton 
money quite so easy in these times. 

The fraudulent use of the title of doctor has misled victims in the 
county whose health as a result has suffered untold misery ; and cases 
are known where lives were sacrificed. l^)Ut ])eople are coming to 
learn that no h(_)norable phvsician need tra\'el over the land, inviting 
the sick, the lame and the halt to come to a hotel for free consulta- 
tion. That word free is the luscious bait at which ignorance was ever 
wont to nibble. 

The hardships of long drives through winter and storm at all 
hours of the day or night are incidents in countrv practice known to 
the profession of the county today as thev were known to i)hysicians 
in the i)ast. l-'or the j)ulilic the coming of the telephone has brought 
with it the added feelino- of securitv that in sudden illness the doctor 


can lie reached at once instead of riskino- dangerous delay l)v driving- 
miles {o call him. 

All systems of medical treatment are represented here. The reg- 
ular practice' or allopath}-. i)revails. The eclectic system is followed 
by some physicians, and the homeopatliic school ranks next in 

The city needs of Coshocton include especially a hosi)ital, the in- 
stitution which the communitv at large would find advantageous, 
while particularly serviceable in the accident cases attending the 
present extent of manufacturing- and other industrial operations in 
the county. Dr. Jesse ]\IcClain, with all the facilities for surgical 
cases which can be handled under existing conditions, impresses the 
advantage that would come with hospital appliances and equipnient 
for treatment of cases compelled to undertake dangerous trips in en- 
feebled condition to distant hosiiitals. 

( )ne oi the most wholesome changes in public sentiment is the dis- 
appearance of the oldtime prejudice against going to a hospital. Peo- 
ple have come to realize that the sutTerer's welfare is to be trusted 
to the care of an institution where evervthing is especiallv provided 
for the sick, and where trained nurses prove an efficient auxiliary to 
the doctor's care. 

The Coshocton County Medical Society, organized in recent years, 
meets ((uarterlv in the Carnegie Librar_\-. Dr. E. C. Carr is Presi- 
dent. His is a medical family. His son is practicing in Chicago, and 
his father. Dr. j. (i. Carr, has been longest in the practice of any of 
the present ithysicians in the count\-. 

Local members of the profession have been called to fill various 
[)nblic offices, as told elsewhere. The office of coroner, now filled by 
Dr. J. D. Lower, has Ijeen assigned to doctors for years. 

The L'. S. Board of Examining Surgeons, passing on cases of ap- 
plicants for soldiers" pensions in this county consists at present of 
Dr. J. Cj. Carr of Coshocton, Dr. E. H. Yarnell of \\'est Lafayette, 
and Dr. A. Al. Henderson of Roscoe. 



Half a century ago the sign of a bank marked a 5x16 room in 
Second Street, Coshocton, where notes were shaved by James M. 
Brown, afterward imphcated in the county treasury robbery. The 
county's strong-box was endangered a subsequent time when entrance 
was effected tlirough a basement window in the courthouse. Marks 
of the jimmy may be seen today on the hall door of the treasurer's 
office, and in the door of the vault is a hole made by a drill, but the 
cracksman became alarmed and fled. 

The beginning- of general banking here was by \\'. K. Johnson 
& Co. about 1852, and twenty years, later the business was conducted 
by John G. Stewart. The assignment by the Stewart bank in 1885 
caused serious losses. 

The Farmers' liank was started by J. P. and Alfred Peck and 
Samuel Irvine who later was succeeded by Charles E. Spangler. In 
1897 the bank went into the hands of a receiver, George A. Hay, who 
was enabled to pav eighty-five per cent to creditors. The settlement 
of other accounts was in charge of Alfred Peck. 

Thomas C. Ricketts established a banking house in Coshocton in 
1855, and in 1872 organized the First National Bank in association 
with Houston, Jackson and F. C. Hay, and Henry C. Herbig, cashier. 
This institution, the Commercial National Bank of today, has reached 
a record of more than a million dollars in deposits. The present of- 
ficers include J. ^^'. Cassingham, President ; E. L. Lybarger, \'ice- 
President; R. B. Caldwell, Cashier; W. J. Winters, Assistant Cashier. 
The first three are associated with the following as directors: George 
A. Hay, John H. Hay, David Davis, B. Worth Ricketts, Charles B. 
Hunt, Tohn Lorenz. 


In 1898 the Coshocton National Bank began business, advancing 
in a few years to a strong position in financial affairs of the commun- 
ity. The officers are: ]\1. O. Baker. President; \\'. R. Pomerene, 
\'ice-President; T. L. [Montgomery. Cashier; Alerrcl B. Smith, As- 
sistant Cashier. With the first three the following serve as directors : 
H. C. Strong. F. E. Pomerene, E. O. Selby, Ed. H. ^^■iIson, 
Dr. H. R. McCurdy, W. A. Himebaugh. 

In 1903 the People's Banking and Trust Company was established 
in Coshocton, and in the six years to date the deposits have been in- 
creasing toward the half-million mark. The officers consist of J. L. 
Rue, President; E. W. Adams, George M. Gray and T. H. Wheeler, 
\'ice-Presidents; R. H. Alills, Cashier; L. E. Baughman, Assistant 
Cashier; C. H. Magruder, Teller. Besides the first four the directors 
include: L. P. Gallagher, F. M. Alarshall, P. C. Shipps, M. T. Moore- 
head, W. B. Litten, O. P. AIcGinnis, A. P. Stewart, J. A. Heskef 
fames Scott, D. G. Whittemore, H. M. Ewing. 

In Warsaw the P'armers and [Merchants Bank Company was es- 
tablished 1901. The officers are Adam Strome, President; James L. 
Beck, \'ice-President ; Frank PI Whittemore. Cashier. The five 
directors include the first two officers and \\'. W. Frederick, Eugene 
Laughlin and James H. Elder. 

In West Lafayette, 1902, the West Lafayette Bank Company be- 
gan business. The officers include William Gorseline, President ; T. 
J. Piatt, A'ice-President ; H. A. Sicker. Cashier; E. A. Leighninger. 
.Vssistant Cashier. In addition to the president and vice-president 
the directory comprises J. L. Rogers, V. R. Klein, I. B. Alizer. Henry 
Rehard and Robert Porteus. 

Among Coshocton's financial institutions are the Home Building, 
Loan and Savings Companv, organized 1882. John C. Fisher is 
President; \\'. A. Himebaugh, Secretary; T. J.. Montgomery. 

The Citizens Building and Loan Association liegan operations in 
Coshocton 1892. The officers are W. A. Alizer, President; G. F. 
Schauweker. A'ice-President ; C. B. Hunt. Secretary and Treasurer. 

From the first countv fair held in 1850 at Plainfield and the sub- 
^e(|uent fairs held in the Court S(|uare, and in Hickory Street, with 
the racing on the Canal Lewisville road, and the fairs of the sixties 


held between Orange and Main streets and then along Chestnut Street' 
there has been much progress to the present annual October gather- 
ings on the beautiful fairgrounds along South Seventh Street. The 
fine grove of oaks, the exhibit buildings, including the auditorium seat- 
ing three thousand, where the annual Chautauqua is held, and the 
half-mile race track altogether constitute one of the best fairgrounds 
in the State. 

The vast throng that attends is an impressive feature of the show. 
Sometimes thirty thousand people are there. They see the exhibits 
typical of the new era that came in with the harvesting machine and 
the newer day of the automobile that rolls by the mound of a perished 
race. The thousands today see greater speed and more pure-bred 
horses of various strains, and cattle and sheep of finer cjualitv than 
the visitors of pioneer days saw. 

The medley of the county fair is a Noah's ark of sights and sounds 
set in a surging sea of humanity. The stentorian notes of the pop- 
corn ^•ender ; the music of the merry-go-round ; the cries of the balloon 
man: the bellowing of cattle; the strident "Yip-ee!" of the driver lean- 
ing forward in his sulky and urging his horse to strain still harder; 
a medley of squeals, toots, bleats, whoops, and cackles — these are the 
sounds of the fair. 

In the faster pace of modern Coshocton life has come the new fire 
protection succeeding the old hose-cart volunteer days and the older 
bucket brigade. A combination truck — hose, chemical and ladder — ■ 
is installed in the Fire Department building in the heart of the citv, 
at Walnut and Eighth streets. Harry Fink is chief; J. I. Tracewell, 
captain; Lsaac Ralston, driver; Thomas McDermott, assistant; these 
firemen work in conjunction with the volunteer service of forty mem- 
bers of whom Frank Lightell is the Chief. There are three horses. 
An improved alarm S3'stem has been installed with electric call-boxes 
distributed over the city. This is tested daily. 

The speed in starting to a fire is shown by the test when, on the 
stroke of the gong, the men upstairs slide down on the pole and jump 
to their places on the truck, while the horses, already released bv the 
alarm which has automatically opened the stall doors, place themselves 
under the harness which drops on them with a snap, and the street 
doors fly open, ready for the start — and all this in ten seconds. A 


mile run in the summer uphill thrdUgii L"amhrid<;"e Street to the city 
limits was covered in three minutes and fort}' seconds from the nM- 
uient tlie alarm was turned in. 

With the development of pictorial advertisins;- in the metahsigai 
industr\- of Coshocton the citv has welcomed the advent of 
artists, painters and lithographers. That tliere is talent here in other 
than the commercial field is shown in heautiful studies that helong to 
pure art. which after all is in nowise different from the experience 
of Royal Academy painters whose work has been used to advertise 
soap, illustrate books and magazines, and for wall-paper designing. 

The mural painting bv Arthur \\'m. W'oelfle in the courthouse 
l)er|)etuates the historic scene of r>ou(|uet"s treatv with the lndian>. 
In this oil the painter lives permanentlv in I'oshoeton meniorv. He 
has chosen his subject — a primeval expression of justice in this region 
— with a fine instinct for its historical value and fitness in the modern 
temple of justice. The work is a dejiarture from the familiar st\-le 
of decorative design wherein an artist's motive is traced in fair women 
and diaphanous draperies. 

In the list of Coshocton men who liax'e won distinction elsewhere 
are names widely known over the country. Three states have chosen 
Coshocton governor.s — Governor Stone of Iowa, Governor Eaton of 
Colorado who attended the \\'est Bedford school, and Go\'ernor 
Coe Crawford of South Dakota, now U. S. Senator, who taught school 
in Coshocton Count\' 

Iowa has honored several citizens from our count\-, including 
[osiah Given, Justice of the Supreme Court; James r\Iatthews. Chan- 
cellor of the Iowa State University: Cato Sells, U. S. District 

Other Coshoctonians who have attained ])rominenee include Jo- 
se])h Burns Crowley, Congressman from Illinois: Lester Still, judge 
in the Superior Court, State of Washington : \\'. S. Crowell, consul 
to Antov, China; the Rev. Dr. Ezra Eisk, lecturer and writer. 

A year ago Charles E. La Serre was accredited L'nited States 
\Tce-Consul General to the Kingdom of Portugal, an appointment 
purely on merit, in keeping with the i)rinciple of the State Department 
to lift this branch of the government above politics. 'Sir. La Serre 
is a representative of a distinguished family that traces its ancestry 


back to the eighth century, through genealogical history of the peers 
of France, and thirteen hundred years ago to Spanish ancestry asso- 
ciated with the fortunes of the Princes of the House of Anjou. 

lu-man J. Ridgway, publisher of Everybody's Magazine, New 
York, is from this section, and holds a Coshocton County teacher's 
certificate. Throughout the land Coshocton is heard from. Her rep- 
resentatives are on the bench, the rostrum, the stage, in the music 
world — prominent in the professions and in the business affairs of 
larger fields. In Columbus a Coshocton County Society organized a 
few years ago, and in Pittsl)urg a Coshocton colony has assembled in 
social functions at the home of \"ice-President Marsh of the Standard 
Underground Cable Company who came to this county for his bride. 
Among these is cherished the "ola nome feeling" for Coshocton, the 
sentiment that endures in loyal hearts, as expressed in the lines of C. 
D. Brooke whose ability to furnish gems does not stop at his jewelry 
counter — 

Where the rivers meet and mingle 

In a long and fond embrace. 
And the rugged hills are wrinkled 
Like an ancient warrior's face, 
Looking out u]3on fair valleys 

With their yellow tasseled corn, 
Here in days agone and misty 
Was an infant city born. 

In the silent leafy forest 

Rang the ax notes loud and clear; 
From the willows by the river 

Peeps the wond'ring startled deer, 
As the crashing forest monarchs 

Strike the earth with sullen roar; 
And the Red Man turns with sorrow 

P^rom the land he'll know no more. 

Like the slug in heart of roses 

Leaves destruction in its train, 
( )n this battlefield of nature 

Are the blackened trunks of slain ; 


And the plowshare hides forever 

From the skulking Indian gaze 
Well-known spots of trail and canipfire 

In the waving fields of maize. 

Silent, swiftly, as the river, 

Years glide on with steady pace, 
And a village named Coshocton, 

Christened by an alien race 
In the language of that other 

Vanished toward the setting sun. 
Leaving but this foster mother 

To the stronger, mightier one. 

Old the settlers grew and feeble. 

Drooping forms and hair snow-white, 
One by one laid down their Imrden, 

Passed from twilight into night. 
Leaving sturdy sons and daughters 

To perpetuate the name 
Of the city founded liy them, 

And to bring Coshocton fame. 

When the war clouds gathered thickly 

In the distant, sunny South, 
And l)rave men were called to battle, 

Face the sword and cannon's mouth. 
Then this Indian foster mother 

Showed her foes that hearts of steel 
Dwelt within her sons" l)lue jackets 

On those bloody battlefields: 

Now throughout this grand old nation 

And afar on foreign soil 
You will see the name Coshocton 

On the i)roducts of her toil; 
And from stacks so tall and stately 

( )ut upon the morning air 


Flow the tangled smoky tresses 
Like an Indian maiden's hair. 

And the witchery never leaves you 

Once vou call Coshocton home ; 
Ever there remains a longing 

Clinging closely while you roam, 
To her absent sons and daughters 

Seems to whisper "Come to me;" 
And while memorv doth linger 

Hearts will ever turn to thee. 




There i.t perhaps in Co.-hocton no better representative (if the spirit of 
the age than Charles F. Gosser, a young man of bmad (nitldok, df keen 
discernment and of .sound judgment, who realizes that one must be thorough 
and efficient and at the same time must possess a progressiveness that enables 
him to keep jiace with the onward march that is manifest in the business 
W(.irld. AMiile meeting with well earnt'd and well merited succes?, he has 
at the same time enntriliutiMl in -uli-tantial measure tn Coshocton's com- 
mercial and industrial de\clopiiieiil and not the least of his important acts 
in this connection was in -ccnrim; the c-tablishment in the city of what is 
now one of its nm.-t important priidm-ti\i' eonecrns — the Po])e-(TOsser China 
Company. A native of Co-iiocton, he i- a .-on of (ieorgv and .\nna Gosser, 
the former born in .Vlsaee-Loraine. France, and the latter in Carroll county. 
Ohio, ill l.s;;;l. 'I'li,. father was eigin years ,,f a,-e wlieu in bs4(l he came 
to ihe Liiited .'>tat(s with hi- |iarent- and for many years lie reiiiainecl a resi- 
dent of Co.shoeton. Li the public school- of ibi,- cilv Cliarles V . ( lo.-cr pur- 
sued his studies until lie completed the cour-e l.y eraduafion in tbc class of 
1885, being at that time scveiUivn year- of a.^e. Innncclialely afterward 
he made his initial step in tlie l>ii-iiie,-s world a- an appi-eiitice to tlie watch- 
maker's trade under Willi.ani Ibu-n-. the ji'welcr. He could never be eon- 
tent with mediocrity in any line nor witli snpiTlicial knowledge of any Imsi- 
nes.s to which he directed his attention. Tlii- ipialiiy ])riini]ited him to gain 
a thorough knowledge of watchmaking and lo tbi^ end he attende(l the 
Horological Institute, where he completed a c.iur.-e in i>ractical and llicoret- 
ical horology in 1892. The following year he i-nrcliased a half interest in 
the jewelry business, in which he .-till coniiime,-. l)einn no\v junior pai'tner 
of the well known firm of Burns ^- (io-.-er. They carry a large and well 
selected line of watches, diamonds and jeweliy and in this department re- 
ceive a lilieral .-uiiiiort from tlie jmblic. 1liey also liavc an optical good- 
department and their iiicrca-ing ti'ade in thi< connecti<in again anui-ed Mr. 


tid^.-iT".- (li,-|iiisitiii:i til lie tlinrciiiuli in 1 lis knowledge of the subject. He 
ihci-ctdic wfiit t(i New Yiirk, wlicrc he ]mr.sued a complete course in two 
(i]itifal .-cliiKjls, rccciviiiu (lijiliiiiia< fmni linth. He also took a course in' 
metal engraving under the mn.-t ]irnlicicnt in.-truetnr,-. in the country. 

The great majority of mm feel ihai il i.- cndugh to attain a fair measure 
of success in one line lint .Mr. (insscr, although yet hardly in the i^rinie of 
life, lias maiiife,-t(il iiis ability and demonstrated his power in several fields 
(if liu-iiie.-s activity. .\s a mnnlicr of the advisory hoard of the Merchants' 
Klectiic Light and I'nwir ('(.mi.aiiy lie was |.niiiiiiiciitly identified with the 
cstalili-limnit and ciii-ii-urtidn .if ( '(islmctdn'.- syMcm of hot water heating 
from a central .-tatimi, — an c'iiter|irisc which was regarded by the public 
as a mn-( liazardnus (ine but wliicli lime lias proven to l,e one of the city's 
greate-t and mo-t appreciated pulilie utilities, while to its owners it yields 
a fair remuneration. .Mr. ( Mi.-.-er wa- aetively assucialed with the installa- 
tion and maiKigemeiil of tlie mimieipal electric light plant and later added 
the central heat ]ilaiil. However, he ivtireil from the electric light com- 
pany in H)()o to promote and e-talili-h the I'oiie-Clo.s.ser China Company, of 
which he is now the secretary and treasurer and one of the principal stock- 
holders, devoting his attention largely to the management of its interests. 
Since the organization of the board of trade of Coshocton he has been 
active in its work, serving from the beginning as director and vice presi- 
dent, while later he was honored with the presidency. In all of his official 
caiiacilics he has laliored indefatigably to secure new industries for Coshoc- 
ton and it was through his efforts that the [iresent china manufacturing 
company was formed. It has only been since a comparatively recent date 
that the ceramic art has Ijcen developed in the United States, prior to which 
time the finest articles of this character came from France. Germany. England 
and other old w<irld countries. In more recent years, however, the skill of 
.Vmericaii artisans and artist- lia- lirought the jiroduct of their own kilns to 
such a high degree that it is now no longer necessary to go abroad for wares 
of the finest texture and ot the most artistic mold and decoration. Evi- 
dence of this is seen in the out put of the Pope-Gosser China Company, con- 
sisting of plain and decurateil seiniporcelain dinner and toilet, ware. Al- 
ready the new company has won for itself a prominent place in industrial 
cn-elc- and the business has become one of the most important industries of 
the city. The [ilant was consthicted for its present use. The building is of 
brick. t]ii-ei> hundred and fifteen by ninety feet, and three stories and base- 
ment in lieight in the main portion and two stories in the other part. The 
plant is thoroughly equipped with the most improved modern machinery for 
manufacture of this character. The officers of the company are: I. Bentley 
Pojie, president; William Burns, vice president; and C. F. Gosser, secretary 
and treasurer. This constitutes a strong combination, for the president is a 
man of world-wide reputation as a practical potter and decorator, while Mr. 
Gosser is recognized as a man of marked executive ability and enterprise 
in business circles. 

Politically he is a democrat but without desire for office. lie was reared 
in tlie faith of the Pre-bvterian churcli and his fraternal relations are with 

neiit iihici- 

ill liii~iiH',r- ci 

•ight iiitu I 

■luiiiilcx sitiiat 

.vhntfvri- In 

' luiilertakes. 


Kiiiiilit^ ..f Tythias and the Klkv Cnslioctmi is proud to 
)n:m- laa- uativ Mai.-, lur lir has niadr tor liini.M'lf a prom- 
1- (iiif \vliii,-c fnrcc of characlrr and keen in- 
nalik^- him to Ijianc: to succes.sful completion 


A. Kijipl is an entprpri-in.2, and i)rogre.<-i\-e citizen, well known in Ims- 
iue-s circles in West Lafayette and Coshocton county as a manufacturer of 
wood, iron and .-leel novelties for advertising imrpo-es. and although he has 
thu.s been identified only .since the .summer of IfiOi; he has .already huill up 
an extensive patronage and gained a wide reputation. 

Mr. Rip]il is a native son of the county, l^orn in Bakersville. October 
IS, 1S(;7. a <nn of J...-epli and Maria (I'.u-lcr) i;i].pl, both natives of (Jer- 
niany. the latter of ^^■urtcml)crl;. 'I'lic fatlaa- cnngrat.'d to the United States 
in 1S47. at which time he located in Co-hoclon. wli.av he worked at the 
wagonmakerV trad<'. having learned the .ame in hi. native land. After 
spcndine three year< in that city be took u]) hi- abode in Daker.-ville. con- 
tinuing to work at hi.- trade until the time of his death. He was killed in 
l,s<i;; by a tree falling on him and had reaebc.l the advanced age of seventy- 
five years. The mother i.a.-ed to her ti.nal rest two years previou- or in 
1891. when .-he wa.s sixty-five years of age. Their family numbered five chil- 
dren, a- billow-: Cor^e. a resident (,f lUack Hand. Oliio : F. J., of Coshoc- 
ton; Mr-. Elizabeth Kranlz. who make- her home in Canal Dover, this state; 
A., of tin- n'view: and Clara, of Alliance, Ohio. 

Mr. liipiJ ac(|uired his education in the comi , -cla.ol- and -pent the 

period of hi- boyl d and youth under the parental roof, during which time 

he worked in hi- bithers establishment. In 1S84 he took up the .study (..f 
telegraphy and when he became ]iroliciiait in that line secured the po.sition 
of o])erator with (he Cleveland. T,orain iV' Wheeling Railroad Company at 
Ma.ssillon, and lat.a- at Canal Dover. After a ]Kaiod of eight vear-. however, 
he abandoned that bu-ine- and returned to Hak.a-ville and eniered his 
father's wagon .-hop. He soon installed machinery and in isi) ; began the 
manufacture of wooden no\-elties. Hi.s busine-- t:i-ew and Mr. fiippl e\ent- 
ually decided to locate in a lai-ger place, where be mi^bt (aijo\" better rail- 
road fa(alitie-. The We.-t I.afayette Maimbictiu-in.L; ComiKUiv hearing of 
Mr. Rip|, Fs intentions' hi- plant and made him manager of the 

Mr. KippI re-iened. He then entered the .inpliiy of the H. D. Beach Com- 
pany but after a brief period thus spent he returned to his old home in \\\.<t 
Lafayette and in the .summer of 190() built his ]ire.-ent factorv at a co-t of 
about four thousand dollars. Lie then began the manufacture of wood, iron 
and steel novelties for advertising pur]>oses and has now built u]i a large 
trade, having cleared his plant of all indebtedne.-s. He ha- ba-e.l liL- lai.-F 


l<](.-< and actions upon strici 


■ t(i thi' rules which o(,vcrn 

industry and unswerving in 

tr-i'ily, an 

id has reached a prominent 

the Itusiness circles of Cn- 

-liocinu (Mil 


:i|i|)] was married on tlic lii 

Ih nC .\UV( 

■niher. 1893, the lady of his 

iiX Miss Jennie Taylur, who 

was l,nrn 

in Tuscarawas county, tliis 

posUHU, m 

My. i; 
choice hcin 

state. .Time 2, 1869, the only child of Richard and Rebecca (Phillips) Tay- 
lor, who are now living retired in Bakersville, the father having attained the 
age of sixty-five years, while hi? wife is one year his junior. The marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Rippl has hccn l,lc.>-cd with six children: :\Iary. .Joseph, Waive, 
George. Ruth and Harold. 

Mr. l;ippl is a dciiidciat in liis poHtical views, while his religious faith is 
indicated l>y liis lucuilicr-liip in (he German Reformed church, and his wife 
hold- niiiiihcrsiiip in the United I^>rethren church. His fraternal relations 
are witli llie Masunic lodge, Xo. ITTi, at New Comerstown, the Knights of 
Pythia.- at Baiccrsvillc; and Bakersville Camp, No. 5216, M. W. A. His life 
has been one of continuous activity, in which has been accorded due recog- 
nition of labor, and today he stands among the successful business men of 
West Lafavette and Coshocton eountv. 


S. R. McCormiek. a prosperous and well known agriculturist of Keene 
township, was born on the farm where he now resides on the 28th of Febru- 
ary, 1865, his parents being William and ^lary Ann (Lockard) McCormiek. 
The father's birth occurred in Ireland in 1830 and in 1842 he accompanied 
his parents on their emigration to the United States, making his home here 
until the time of his demise in 1884. The mother of our subject is a native 
of Coshocton county and is still living, having now' attained the age of seventy 
years. Unto Mr. and Mrs. William McCormiek were born five children, 
namely: Melville, a resident of Keene township; S. R., of this review; 
M. JI.. who is living in Coshocton ; and Rol:)ert and Lloyd, who have pa.ssed 

S. R. McCormiek sui^plemented his preliminary education by a high- 
school course and when seventeen years of age entered a store in the capacity 
of clerk, being thu.- engaged for two years. He then erected an elevator at 
Fresno and w'as Mieee--tii]|y engaged in its operation for three years, on the 
expiration of whicli period he sold out and bought the farm of two hundred 
and forty acres in Keene township on wJiich he has since resided. He has 
placed many substantial improvements on the property and in addition to 
the work of general farming makes a specialty of handling registered stock, 
principally delaine sheep. Alert, energetic and enterprising, he has met with 
prosperity in his undertakings and is widely recognized as one of the repre- 
sentative and progressive agriculturists of the community. 

In 1882 Mr. McCormiek was united in marriage to iNIiss Columbia 
Daughertv. whose birth occurred in Adam- townshiii. Max 13, 1864. her 


parent-; being Nathan and Elizabeth (Powell) Dangherty. The father, born 
in Jeiferson county, Ohio, Febraary 28, 1830, passed away on the 1st of 
May, 1908, while the mother, whose birth occurred in Adams township, 
January 7, 1832, was called to her final rest in 1864. Mr. and Mrs. Daugherty 
had three children, two of whom died in infancy. Unto our subject and his 
wife were born six children: Clyde E., at home; Nellie, who is a graduate 
of the Keene high school and is still at home; French, a resident of Bureau 
county, Illinois; Stacy; Walter, deceased; and Rollin. 

Mr. McCormick gives stalwart allegiance to the men and measures of 
the republican party, has served on the boai'd of education for two terms and 
has also held the office of assessor. He is identified with the Grange, No. 
1602, at Keene, while his religious faith is indicated by his membership in 
the United Pre-sbyterian church, with which his wife is also affiiliated. Both 
Mr. and jNIrs. McCormick are widely and favorably known throughout the 
county in which they have spent their entire lives, the circle of their friends 
being almost coextensive with the circle of their acquintances. 


]Mrs. Olive (Maxwell) AVolfe is a representative of the farming interests 
of Coshocton county and one of its native daughters, for her birth occurred 
within its borders, September 23, 1857. Her parents were William and 
Mary (Higby) Maxwell. Her father was born in Heath, ^Massachusetts, while 
her mother's birth occurred in this county. William Maxwell arrived in 
Coshocton county when about seven or eight years of age and was here reared 
amid the wild scenes and environments of pioneer life. For many years he 
continued to carry on farming in this locality, remaining an active factor in 
the work of the fields until his life's labors were ended in death in March, 
1893. His widow survived him for about twelve years and pa.ssed away in 
August, 1905. They were the parents of seven children, namely: Mi's. Max- 
well ; Montgomery, who is living in this county ; Lucy, the wife of Everett 
Boyd, also of this county; George, who likewise makes his home in Coshocton 
county; and three who are deceased. 

In her father's home Olive Maxwell was reared and was trained to the 
duties of the household, while in the public schools she acquired her educa- 
tion. In 1879 .she became the wife of George L. Wolfe, who was born in Ox- 
ford township in 1836. His parents were Jacob and Elizabeth (Leighninger) 
Wolfe. The father was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, in 1802 
and was brought to Ohio by his pai'ont.-; in 1806 when the state sheltered 
many more red men than white inhaliitants. Its forests were uncut, its land 
uncultivated, and it seemed that the work of civilization had scarcely been 
begun in its borders. Here Jacob Wolfe was reared and aided in the arduous of developing a new farm. Having attained his majority he married 
Miss Elizabeth Leighninger. a ri'])n-('ntative of one of the old families of 
Oxford township and they became the parents of four children: Margaret, 


1, Ilinii 

1 and (k'orge. The iiini 



was a incmber of the ]>; 


li;in -r 

itlriiiaii wlinse honesty \ 


:i iiHi.-l 

indn.-liiiiii,- citizen and ii 


n llu. , 
It Ihr I 

i-inic (if life. He was one 
nic of his demise. 


her dir.l in August, 1879. The father, 
a|i|i-t einireh and an earnest consistent 
was never questioned. He was niore- 
1 his old age worked a.s though he was 
uf the oldest residents in Oxford town- 

II is ,~iin. (ieorge Wolfe, wa~ reared in thi.- enunty. attended the publie 
sehools and early became familiar with the task of tilling the soil and caring 
for the cro]is. 'I'hroughout his entire life he carried on farming and he met 
with good succe.-s in that undertaking. In early manhood he married Anna 
FoMer. a native ,,f Fn.uland. and nnio tlieni were born three children: Flmer 
.1.. .\nrelia D.. and one who died in inbnicy. The death uf .Mrs. Anna Wolfe 
occMU'red in ]S77 and her remains were laid to rest in AMiite Eyes cemetery. 
l,atei- -Ml'. WoUe wedded Olive Maxwell, as |ireviously .stated, and unto them 
was born a son, Irvin >I., who is yet at home. He is a graduate of the West 
Lafayette Collei^e, wliere he ]inr.-ued a scientific course and Ls now operating 
the home fai'in. Fverytliin<j, aboiu the place is indicative of his careful 
supervision and practical method-.. '|"be father, George Wolfe, wa.s a most 
energetic agriiailtnri-t and owned a beautiful farm in the midst of which 
he erected a tine residence. He also placed thereon the various barns and 
outbuildings necessary for the shelter of grain and stock and he kept good 
grades of cattle and horses, while in the work of the fields he won success 
by his ])ractical methods. Hi- [loliticil allegiance was given to the democ- 
racy, but be prebM-red to the plea-nres of home rather than to partici- 
pate actively in the work of ofbee holding. He died -July 17, 1908, leaving 
a widow and one son to mourn his loss, his remains being interred in Wag- 
ner cemetery, ilrs. Wolfe and her son still reside upon the home farm, 
which is a valuahle and attractive projierty and constitutes one of the jileas- 
ing features of the landscape. 


Having carefulh' prepared for the practice of medicine and surgery, 
Dr. S. Hilton Buker located in Spring ^lonntain in 1887 and since that 
time has continually demonstrated his ability and skill as is manifest by the 
large, and lucrative practice which he today enjoys. He was born near 
Otsego, Mu.?kingirm county, Ohio, February 11, 1865, a son of Decatur and 
Lucy (Barnard) Buker. The family history dates back to 1492, in which 
year representatives of the name remoNcd from Turkey to En,gland, whence 
they emigrated to America about 1700. The paternal grandfather, Israel 
Hilton Buker, was born in Maine, in 1756, and enlisted for ser\dce in the 
Revolutionary war at the age of eighteen years and was associated with Lafay- 
ette, by whom he w-as presented with a sword. He was discharged in 1783 
as sergeant of the Third Massachusetts Regiment, his discharge papers being 
si.gned by George Wa.shington and now on file in the national capital. The 

IITl/rOX RUKEi;, Ml). 

10 ,■111(1 i 

n the early part 

licli jirolV 

■s<ioii ho followpcl 

; l.uricl i 

11 flic ccrncterv at 


graiidfallirr cainr tn Co.<h(.cl(iii (•i.uiity al.diil I 
of the iiiiictoeiilh coiitury'd in Icacliin,--. ^ 
for alioul fiirly years. TIo <lic,l abuiit l.s:.(l and 

'IMir father. Deealnr I'.uk.'r. \vas h..rn near Franklin Slalion. Coshocloii 
eoinity. Sejiteinher 11. l.s-^."i. and .-^pent hi.< early l.iiyhood and youth in 
Franklin lnwii-lii]!. lie Avas a self-educated man and for seventeen years 
wa~ eiiuaucd in teaehiiie, most of this time being spent in [Muskingum county. 
Ahonl iNlTi he l(i(ik up fanning and stock-raising. The last thirty years of 
his life. kimveNcr, were devoted to the settling of estates and other notarial 
business. He was a gifted orator and was in great demand to render cam- 
paign speeches. In pulities he was a stanch republican and held various 
township and county ollices. His religious faith was that of the Methodist 
Protestant church. He was a man among men and was justly accorded a 
place among the prominent and representative citizens of Coshocton and 
^luskingum counties, for he belonged to that class of men whose enterpris- 
ing spirit is used not alone for their own individual good but for the pro- 
motion of public prosperity. He was revered and honored wherever know-n 
and his death, which was (lectisimicil by a runaway on August 3, 1899, w-as 
deeply regretted by many friciiil< and acquaintances as well as by the mem- 
bers of his ow-n household. The wife and mother was born near Otsego and 
her people w-ere among the pioneer settlers of this section of the state. Her 
death occurred in 1904 and her remains were buried by the side of her hus- 
band in the cemetery at Otsego. Their family numbered six children, 
namely: ^lary, who became the wife of J. D. Phillips and died at the age 
of twenty-four years; Charles W., who wedded INIrs. .J. Sprague, of Warsaw, 
and is on the homestead; Sarali, the wife of J. D. Phillips, of Beaver City, 
Nebraska; Albert L., who is a traveling salesman of Ogden. Utah: S. Hilton, 
of this review; and Rose, who makes her home in Coshocton. 

Dr. Buker of this review acquired his education in the district and 
graded schools of Otsego and pursued a collegiate course in Adrian, ^lich- 
igan, graduating from that in.¥titution in 1884. He was then engaged in 
teaching for one year in Muskingum county. At the same time he took up 
the study of medicine under Dr. Walker, of Plainfield, after which he en- 
tered the Ohio Medical College, at Cincinnati, graduating in 1887. In .\pril 
of that year, just after he had celebrated the twenty-second anniversary of 
his birth, he located for practice in Spring Mountain, succeeding to the prac- 
tice of Dr. AVinslow. His practice is already large and ls constantly increas- 
ing, for he keeps in touch with the most modern and advanced ideas of the 
medical profession and is now the beloved family physician in many a house- 
hold. He w^as formerly identified with realty interests but on account of 
the demands of his profession had to abandon that field of labor. He still, 
however, owns considerable real estate in Jefferson township. Coshocton and 
Spring Mountain. 

It was in 1888 that Dr. Buker was united in marriage to Aliss Linnie 
E. Dawson, who was born in Alount Vernon. During the time that the 
Doctor was pursuing his studie.- in Cincinnati. ^Irs. Buker was attending an 


art school in llnit city and it wa* tluTr that tlirv lit'came acquainted. Their 
marriage ha- hccn Mossed with four chihh-i'ii, twn suns and two daughters, 
Emerson Dawson. Wallace Hilton, Helen Lucy and Mary Evelyn. The la.4 
named died October 16, 1908. The eldest son has been given excellent edu- 
cational advantages. He has pui-sued a high-school course in both Coshocton 
and "War-aw and has spent one year in the college at Hiram. Ohio, and after 
coni]ileting his cour-e in the latter institution he expects to take up tlie stmly 
of medicine. 

The Doctor gives hi- jiolitical support to tlie republican party. He has 
taken a deep and active interest in many public enterprises. He was one 
of the oriiauizers and is the heaviest stockholder in the Coshocton Telephone 
Company, was one of the organizers of the Warsaw Bank and was a membev 
of its first directorate and is also financially interested in the Otsego Oil ^t 
Gas Company. At the age of twenty-one years he became identified with 
the Masonic fraternity, joining the blue lodge at Plainfield. After locating 
in Spring Mountain he was elected master of the lodge here. He belonged 
to the chapter in Coshocton and has attained the Scottish Rite degree in 
the lodge at Columbus. He was one of the organizers and a charter member 
of the Knights Templars in Co.shocton. He likewise belongs to the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows at Killbuck and to the Maccabees tent at 
Walhonding. wdiile in the line of his profession he organized and became 
a meml)er of the American Society of Physicians & Surgeons. He was for- 
merly an active ])articipant in ]iolitical circle^, acting as township treasurer 
for fourteen years and he also -erved for several years as committeeman of 
the township and member of the school board. He was reared in the faith 
of the Methodist Protestant church but on account of his wufe's relations 
with the Disciples church, he has since become identified with that denomina- 
tion and i- now serving as deacon and treasurer of the church and he also 
rendered \aluable assistance in the erection of the new house of worship at 
a cost of four thousand dollars. The address and declaration of principles of 
the Disciples church were written in the home of Mrs. Buker's grandmother, 
Mary Dawson, and her father was one of the first ministers of that denomina- 
tion. The Doctor is a man of charming personality, well liked in both pro- 
fessional and social circles, and he and his estimable wife are held in high 
regard l)y their numerous friends and acquaintances. 


Arthur Smith :Moore, vice president of the Fountain Dry Goods Com- 
pany, belongs to that class of men who seem to regard difficulties and obstacles 
as an impetus for renewed effort, for he allows nothing to brook his path if it 
can be overcome by persistence and determination. jNIoreover he possesses 
the modern .spirit of enterprise as manifesl; in commercial circles at the present 
time. Mr. ^Nloore is a native of Roscoe, his birth having occurred there July 
23, 1879. lie was reared in the home of his father. James \Y. ^h)ore. in 


Co8h(ict(iii. aiul pursuing a puhlic-schiiol cdiu-atinii left ihc liigli >cli,)i,l to 
enter the Ohio Wei'^leyau College. He \va.- al.-n for a tiinc a, siinliait in (lie 
Oberlin (Ohio) College, but ceaml hi,- eliorls in the cdiu-atioiial li.'ld in lii,- 
jiinior year in order tn entrr liUHine.s-< in Coshocton. II(> ha- liccn iilcnliliiMl 
with the mercantile pnrsnils df the caty sinec 1904. He had. howcvia-. wmkrd 
in the bu-sinessS from hi< hoyhiuHl day<. during the ]i,Ti(id,- of \;H'ation ami 
at other time.?, and hi.s training \va- a thorough and practical one. In 1!M)4 

he was chosen vice president of the Fountain Dry (i l.~ Company and has 

since remained as the second officer, taking an active part in the cxccaitivc 
management and control. 

Mr. Moore is a valued member of Co-ho,-t,ai Lod-c No. :;7(i. 1!. 1'. (). F., 
and of ilR. Mi'thodi-i l':pi-copal church, .^nuv a-c confcnv,! u] .on liini the 
right of franchise lie ha.- voted with ih.' rc|.ul.lican party, lie is an alert. 
energetic young man. win. k( cps in t(nu'h with the city'^ interest alonn- lines 
of material, -ocial an<l moral advancement, and at the -ame lime in his bu.-i- 
nes.5 career he is making that .<teady ju'ogn.-^s which re-ult- from clo-e appli- 
cation and the best utilization of oiiportunities. 


The practice of medicine and siu'gery in aecordance with modern method.? 
and advanced ideas finds a worthy exponent in Dr. lIender,-on, of Roscoe. 
He was born in Carrollton. Carroll e(aMily. ( >liio. March 4. ls:i7, his parents 
being William H. and Mary (Siorev) llender-o,,. the h.rm.a- a native of 
Ireland and the latter of New Derry, We-tnioreland eonutv. I'eiur-ylvania. 
The father came to the United States in hi.- boyhood <lays with his panaits, 
who .settled near :Millersburg, in Holmes county. Ohio, and in early manhood 
learned the stonemason's trade, which he followed thnaighont his active 
life. He removed fi'om Carroll county to Tivei'ton town,-hi]>. Coshocton 
county, and subsequently to New Castle township, where hi- death occurred. 
John Nelson Henderson, a brother of our subject, seiwed in the Civil war 
as one of the boys in blue of the Fightieth Ohio Regiment and died in the 
battle, at Corinth, Mis.sis,sippi. 

Private schools afforded Dr. Henderson his educational jirivileges. 
When thirteen years of age he was permanentl>- crip]i|ed through an attack 
of typhoid fever. When about sixteen or seventeen \-ear- of age he began 
clerking in a general store in Walhonding, and in -Tidy. LS!)4, came to 
Coshocton, where he secured a position in a store. His leisure hours were 
devoted to the reading of medicine under the direction of Dr. J. B. Inghram, 
of Coshocton, and Dr. ]\L Johnston, of Roscoe, and in 1867 he entered Starling 
Medical College, from which he was graduated with the class of 1869, 

Dr, Henderson located for piractice in Wills Ci'eek in this county and 
there remained for nineteen years, at the end of which time he took up his 
abode in Roscoe, arriving here January F 1S'S7. With the professional inter- 


(■.<ts of i1k' town he has since been identilied, and a largi' general praeliee lias 
bronght him a goodly measure of success. 

Dr. Henderson has given his political .support to the republican part}' 
since its organization, and at the present time is serving as township treasurer 
and also as pension examiner, w'hile for sixteen years he was a member of the 
school board, the cause of education finding in him a stalwart champion. 
At the present writing in 1908, he is the candidate of his party for county 

On the 3d of July, 1867, Dr. Henderson was married to Mis.s 
Henrietta Lynch, of Coshocton, and unto them were born three children, 
of whom U\t> are living: Hattie A., the wife of Archie Clark, who is en- 
gaged in the livery busines.s in Coshocton; and Nellie, at home. Dr. Hender- 
son and his family attend the Methodist Episcopal church, and for nineteen 
years he was a member of the official board. His progressive citizenship, his 
political activity, his professional ability and his social qualities have gained 
him a foremost place in public regard, and he now has a very wide and 
favorable acquaintance. 

J. T. ORE. 

.J. T. Orr, a successful agriculturist residing in Bedford township, is a 
nati\e of this township, his birth having occurred on the 30th of September, 
18(30. His parents, William and Elizabeth (Treadway) Orr, were also 
natives of Coshocton county. The grandfather, Alexander Orr, at an early 
day took Tip his abode on the farm on which our subject now resides, there 
making his home initil the time of his demise. William Orr spent his entire 
life in llii- cijuuty and after attaining man's estate took up blacksmithing 
and farming. At one time he conducted a shop at Warsaw but in later years 
resided on his farm, and met with a highly gratifying and well merited 
measure of prosperity in all his undertakings. He started out in life empty- 
handed and through his unaided efforts won the competence that enables him 
to give each of his children a good farm or its equivalent in cash. A re- 
publican in his political views, he held a number of township offices and 
was recognized throughout the community as a public-spirited, upright and 
honorable citizen. He died in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and his remains were interred at Bedford, while his wdfe also passed aAvay in 
this county. Their family numbered eight children, as follows: Two w'ho 
died in infancy; Elizabeth, who is also deceased; Olive, the wife of John G. 
Johnson, an agriculturist of Bedford township; Frank, a merchant of Craw- 
ford county, Kansas; J. T., of this review; W. E., who follows farming on 
the old home place in Bedford township; and J. J., an agriculturist of Jack- 
son township, Coshocton county. 

J. T. Orr was educated in the district schools of his native township and 
remained on the home farm until twenty-four years of age, assisting his 
father in the work of the fields. His present place comprises one hundred 


and fixty ;K-n',~ nf valuaMc and well iiinimviMl land and in connection with the 
work of genei'id farminii; he ako breeds draft lior,-es, both branches of his 
business re.turninii tn him a gratifying annual income. He has erected a 
commodious and substantial residence and all necessary outbuildings for the 
shelter of grain and stock, and is recognized throughout the community 
as a progressive and enteriDrising agriculturist. He is also the owner of a 
coal mine which is proving a good source of revenue. 

In 1886 Mr. Orr was united in marriage to Mis- Pauline McCurdy. of 
Coshocton county, who has two brothers practicijig medicine in Coshocton 
Unto this union has been born one child, Nellie, who attended school at 
"W'ooster and Oberlin and is now a music teacher. 

Mr. Orr gives stalwart allegiance to the men and measures of the re- 
publican party and has served as trustee for six years and as a member of the 
school board for fifteen years, the cause of education ever finding in him a 
stanch cliampion. His religious faith is indicated by his membership in 
the Presbyterian church, with which his wife and daughter are also identi- 
fied. Having resided in this county throughout his entire life, or for almost 
half a centurj', Mr. Orr is wddely and favorably known here and moreover 
has gained the regard and esteem of all with whom he has come in contact 
by reason of his genuine personal worth and unfaltering integrity. 


In the front rank of the columns which have advanced the civilization 
of Coshocton county the Aronhalt family has led the way to the substantial 
development, progress and upbuilding of the section in which they have 
so long made their home, and John E. Aronhalt is a worthy representative 
of the name. He was born on a farm in Lafayette township, January 2. 1854, 
a son of William S. and Rebecca (Roadruck) Aronhalt, both of German 
descent and numbered among the very earliest settlers of thLs part of the 
Buckeye state. 

John Ed. Aronhalt is one of a family of eight children, five sons and 
three daughters, he being the third in order of birth. He was reared to farm 
life and acquired his education in the district schools. After reaching years 
of maturity, he engaged in farming on his own account, first in A'"irginia 
township, while later he spent one year in Jackson township, prior to his 
removal to Lafayette township. He eventually took up his abode in Coshoc- 
ton in what is known as the Aronhalt and Trovinger addition to that city, 
and here he has become a prominent factor in the life and work of this 
enterprising little city. He installed and operated for two years the first elec- 
tric motor mining machine for the Morgan Run Coal Company, and for 
four years was weighmaster for the Wade Coal Company. During the five 
succeeding years he was traveling salesman for the Singer Sewing Machine 
Company and has to his credit the sale of ninety-six machines in eleven 
months. Accompanied by ]\Irs. Aronhalt and their youngest daughter he went 


to Olynipia, Washington, in October, 1902. and was enoaged in the con- 
struction of electric railways in that city and for a few months was prospect- 
ing in California, but in the fall of 1903 he returned to Coshocton county 
and engaged in farming on what is known as the Dennuni fiirni near thi' eitv 
of Coshocton, while one year later he tmik up hi- alxide in his jirc-ent Iiduic 
on Cambridge road, and is the owner of some fine hor.-es. Among his stock 
may be seen the well known animal, Maizie "\^., with a track record of 2:20. 

Mr. Aronhalt was married in 1877 to Miss Minnie E. stiller, a daughter 
of Isaac W. and Sarah (Morgan) Miller, of Lafayette town,-hip. li\- whom he 
lla^ Iwd daughters: Mertie. the wife of George Conley; and \'iTnal. at home. 

Mr. Aruiihalt .served as assessor of Tuscarawas township for nine years 
and on llic l4 of August, 1907, was appointed United States gauger. He is 
a repulilican in his political views and takes an active interest in all public 
matters, his aid and cooperation being sought in every movement calculated 
to better ciaimnniity interests. His fraternal relations are with Fidelity 
Lodge. No. I'A't. K. 1'., while his religious faith is indicated by hi- momber- 
.^liip in the Methodist l^iiiscupal churdi. Widely known. hi< life historv 
cannot fail to pruve nf interest t(i his many friends and it i- therefore with 
jileasure that we pre-ent this record of his career to our reader-. 


The list of the leading citizens of West Lafayette contains the name of 
•Tames L. Roger's, one of the representative and honored citizens of Coshocton 
county. His record as a soldier and as a business man has been so honor- 
al)le that he has gained the confidence and good will of all with whom he 
lias been brought in contact, and now in the evening of his days he can look 
badv over a life well sjuMit. for he is now living retired, deriving a good 
linaneial income from three hundred and fifteen acres of rich and valuable 
land in Lafayette township. 

iMr. Rogers was born in Harrison county. Ohio. February 19. 1840. a 
son of Joseph and Mary (Burkhead) Rogei's. Ijoth of whom were natives 
of Maryland, the former born in 180(3 of English descent, and the latter born 
August 28, 1807, of Scotch descent. The parents took up their abode in 
Harrison county at an early day, removing to this state from Maryland in a 
covered wagon. The father was a miller by trade but after coming to Ohio 
he engaged in farming and began life here in true pioneer stjde, living for 
some years in a log cabin. Both are now deceased, the father passing away 
in 1882, when he had reached the age of seventy-six years, while the mother 
died in 1864, at the comparativelj' early age of fifty-seven. Their family 
numbered ten children: Actie, deceased; Maria Jane, the wife of Robert Bell, 
of West Lafayette; Wesley M., who was wounded during his service in the 
Civil war and died in 1893; Elizabeth, who has departed this life; Parmelia, 
the wife of William Finney, of Ohio; James L.. of this review; Nancy, -vvho 
wedded George Sproul and'died in lOOt;: John B.. of Ilirichsville. thus .state; 


William N.. a resident of Tu-eaniwa.-. Oliin: and Jlannah. the wife of John 
Milliken, of Kansas. 

•Tame- L. Eoger.-, the suhjeet of this review, was reared on the home 
farm and remained under the. parental roof until he attained his majority, 
Avhen he offered his services to the government during the Civil war, becom- 
ing a member of Company F, Ninety-eighth Ohio A'olunteer Infantry, which 
Wc^-; organized in Harrison county in August. 18()2. He served for two years 
and t-en months, and took part in many of the hotly contested engagements 
of the war, these including the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, ilission- 
ary Eidge, Ken&saw Mountain, Atlanta, Jone.sboro, Peach Tree Creek, Rome, 
Oeorgia, Bentonville, North Carolina and many others of minor importance 
He was also with Sherman on his celebrated march to the sea and after 
traveling over five thousand miles he participated in the grand review 
at Washington. He was counnis-irini'd second lieutenant and mustered out 

at Cleveland, Ohio, having nunlr : ^t honorable and creditable military 


Following his return fnnn the war .lames L. Rogers resinned agricultural 
pursuits in Co-shocton county, operating rented land for a few years. Fie, 
with his w-ife, then purchased the farm which he still owns, this comprising 
three hundred and fifteen acres of rich and improwd land ^ituat■ed in Lafay- 
ette township. For many years he followed farming and made a specialty 
of raising and feeding stock but his energy, economy and careful manage- 
ment in former years now enable him to put aside business cares and he is 
living retired in a pleasant and modern home in West Lafayette, deriving 
a good income from his landed possessions. 

]Mr, Rogers was married April 15, 1867, the lady of his choice being Harriet Bui't, who was born in Lafayette township, June 14, 1S45, a 
daughter of James ^I. and Mary A. (Bradner) Burt, both of whom were 
natives of Orange county. New Y'ork, and made the overland journey from 
that state to Coshocton county in 1836. Here the father entered a tract of 
land from the government and engaged in farming. He also took a jirom- 
inent and active part in political circles, sending for two terms in the legis- 
lature and for a similar period in the senate. The family of Mr. and Mi's. 
Burt numbered twelve children, seven daughters and five sons, but the latter 
are now deceased. Both the father and mother have also passed to their final 
reward, the former passing away \March 7. 1893. and the latter on the 25th 
of October, 1899. 

The marriage of ilr. and ^Irs. Rogers has been blessed with four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters, namely: Joseph B., who graduated from 
the Ohio Wesleyan College and died October 25. 1901; Margaret, the wife 
of Rev. S. L. Stewart, of Mansfield. Ohio: Anna ]\I., at home: and Louis B.. 
who died when four years of age. 

Mr. Rogers is independent in his political views, voting for men and 
measures rather than adhering to party ties. He and his wife are devoted 
and faithful members of the INIethodist Episcopal church, in which he has 
filled all the offices, while his frati'rnal relations are with the Grand Army 
of the Republic. Mr. Rogers has rver been ready to lend hi< aid and in- 


tluence in the cau.^e of every good niovenient for the ]ir(i,iirc.-^ and 
advancement of the community, and now at the age of sixty-ciuhi xciir- he is 
enjoying in retirement the accumulation of a profitable, succe,<sfnl and hi)nor- 
able career. 


Jn^epli Tredway, who follows farming in Jefferson town.-hip, owning 
a tract of land comprising two hundred and ninety-five acres, has now passed 
the seventy-second milestone on life's journey, and his entire life has been 
l)assed in Coshocton county, so that he is thoroughly familiar with its history. 
He was Ixirn on the farm which is still liis lioiuc. Jiily 23, 1838, a son of 
Tliduias and Ollie (Severans) Tredway, llir furiiier l)Orn in Harford 
county. [Maryland. Augu.«t 18, 1799, while the latter was born in Monongalia 
cduuly. \'iit:iiiia. The paternal grandfather of our subject was born in 
England and emigrated to the new woild with hLs father, who died at sea. 
The son then continued the journey Id this country alone. He had before 
leaving his native land learned the white-mith or edged tool trade. 

Thoma^ Tredway, the father of our sulijeet, was reared to farm life in 
[Maryland and came to Coshocton couiity in 1M7 when a youth of eighteen 
years. He eventually located on a farm on the Walhonding river, which is 
now known as the Joseph Warren place. Later he took up his abode on 
the farm which, the son now OAvns. This was at that time covered with timber 
lail wilh characteristic energy the father undertook the work of clearing the 
land and he also erected a .small log cabin, having neither doors nor windows 
during the first winter that it was occupied by the familj-. The father also 
took a deep interest in the improvement of the country, and despite the fact 
that he had much work to do on his home place he assisted in the erection 
of the church, which is still standing near the village of Mohawk. He was a 
very devoted member of this church for forty-two years, and each Sunday 
was found in his ]ilace at the service ami also at the weekly prayer meeting. 
He spent almost hi- entire life on his liome farm and for a long ])eriod 
Mas engaged in general agricultural pui'suits. He replaced the log cabin 
wilh a liriek residence, which was one of the first to be built in the neighbor- 
hood, lie was an old-time whig and upon the organization of the new re- 
puliliean ])ai1y gave his snp]>firt to it< men and measures. He was highly 
respeel<'d in the eonnnunity and at his dealli. which occurred [May lo. l.SSl. 
the community mourned the loss of one who was nuich beloved and r'v-]r.H-led. 
The mother preceded him to the home beyond many years previously, her 
death occurrino' in 1840. and their remains lie bin'ied in Blooming (irovc 
cemetery. Theii- family numbered nine children: Mahala, Elizabeth, Mary 
and Sarah, all of whom are now deceased: R. TL. a retired farmer: Crispen, 
who has departed this life; Joseph, of this review: and John and James H., 
also deceased. After the death of the wife and mother the father married a 
second time, this union being with [Mrs. Marv (Dennis) Clarke, bv whom he 


had threr rliililivu : (4, S., of Co-li<K-t(iii : Frank, a m-ideut of .Sprin.yficia. 
Ohio; and William Harvey, deeea.-^cd. 

Joseph Tredway was educated in a Iny x-IkmiUkhim' in Jellcr.-du linvnsliip 
and wa5 reared to farm life. IF shared with (he other members of the 
family in the. hardship.- and privations which had to hi' endured, owing to 
the unsettled condition (if the cniintry. He a.-.-i.-ted in the development and 
improvement of the home farm initil the outbreak of the Civil war, when 
he enlisted as a member of Coni]>any (i. One Hundred and Forty-second 
Regiment, and going to the front did valiant and loyal .service but was dis- 
charged on account of disaliility. 

Following his return from the war he n -umed farnjing pursuits and in 
due course of time \va> numbered among the substantial farmers of this 
sectioir of the state. He is now the owner of the homestead property, this 
place comprising two hundred and ninety-five acres of rich and arable land 
situated in Jefferson township. He is here engaged in general agricultural 
pursuits and in hi.* undertakings is meeting with excellent succes-s. He also 
owns realty in Portland. Oregon, and in Thipid City. Dakota. 

Mr. Tredway was married in INTO to Mi,-s Mary W. Clarke, of Co- 
shocton, and to this union five children have been born, namely: Bertha A., 
the wife of Claud Clarke, of East Union, Ohio; Edward, who is on the home 
farm : Wilber. who has departed this life : Wilrna. the wife of James S. Clarke, 
of Warsaw; and Laura 0., who is engaged in teaching and is at home. 

Mr. Tredway gives his political sup]iort to the men and measures of the 
republican party and is a member of Newton Stanton, G. A. R., while 
his wife is identified with the Methodist Episcopal church. Over the record 
of his life there falls no shadow of wrong, for he ha.« ever been most loyal to 
the ties of friend.ship and citizenship and his history well de.serves mention 
in the annals of his native state. 


John E. Richmond, who resides on his valuable and well improved 
farm of eighty-nine aeri- in O.xford township, was born in thl< county, 
Augaist 24, 1842, \hr .-.u of J.ihn and Elizabeth (Reed) Richmond. His 
paternal grandfather canu lo Uo.-hoctou connty from Onondaga county. New 
York, in 1828, and located at Roscoe. He was a stone-cutter by trade and 
helped to build the Roscoe aqueduct. Afterward he conducte<l a hotel at 
Evan.sburg and a canal station, where he contracted to haid canal l)oats 
between Evansburg and Roscoe. 

John Richmond, the father of our subject, was born in Onondaga county, 
New York, ]March 1. 1817. and was therefore Imt eleven years of age when 
his father settled in thi- county. In early iriaidiood he wedded Elizabeth 
Reed, who was liorn in this township. Ajiril 10. FslT. and the young couple 
settled on a farm. Later he bought a canal boat, whidi he ran for a inimber of 
vears. Five children were liorn to tin- union, of whom our siibject is now 


the only one living. On April 1. ISoO, the father, in company with a party 
of others, started for the gold fields of California by the overland route, ar- 
riving there September 15. He returned home July 15, 1852, by way of the 
water route, stopping in New York for two weeks and sending his gold nuggets 
to the mint at Philadelphia, where they were assayed and run into fifty dollar 
slugs. He evidently considered it unwise to inform his young children as 
to the amount he thus acquired, although they were not without curiosity in 
the matter, and our subject, then ten year.-; of age. recalls conducting a quiet 
investigation in his own behalf on <iiic ncca-idii wIhmi lii- father was asleep^ 
when he went into his bedroom and fnuiid llic biickskiu licit in which he car- 
ried his gold, and it was so heavy he could not lift it. The mother of our 
subject died in February, 1852, while the father was away. On his return from 
California he bought a farm of one hundred and twenty-one acres, which is 
now owned by his son Frank, a sketch of whose life appears elsewhere in this 
edition. Later in partnership with John Peck, of Coshocton, the father bought 
from a Mr. Davis a general merchandising store which they conducted for a 
number of years and which Mr. Richmond conducted alone for a long time 
after the death of his partner. He also ran a hotel at Orange and engaged in the 
grain business. Politically, he was a stanch republican. His second wife was 
Miss Elizabeth Higby, who was born in this county. Five children were born 
to this union, of whom but two are now living. Frank A., and Lottie, the wife 
of John Goudy, of Bisbee, Arizona. The mother died on May 22, 1864, and 
the father was again married, his third nnimi licing with ^lary McClain, a 
native of this county, who died in 1890. liaviii^' survived her husband, who 
passed away in 1887, for three years. 

The educational advantages fifty and -i.xty years ago were not what they 
are to-day and our subject received but little schooling. He early engaged 
in active industrial pursuits, aiding his father in his extensive business inter- 
ests. In 1870 he entered into partnership with his father in general merchan- 
dising at Orange and maintained his interest in this business up to about ten 
years ago. being in partnership with his brother for a number of years. 
In 1870 he bought seventy-five acres of land, which is now a part of his 
present farm of eighty-nine acres. All the improvements on the place are 
due to his energy and efforts and in them he feels justifiable pride. In 1851 
he enlisted in the Fifty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry and went into camp 
at Camp Chase, Ohio, where he remained for three weelcs, but owing to his 
father's opposition he was not mustered into service and returned home. On 
June 10, 1862, he enlisted in Company F, Eighty-eighth Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, but after serving for four months he contracted typhoid fever and was 
discharged September 26, 1862. 

On June 18, 1863, Mr. Richmond was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Wood, who was born in Harrison county. Ohio, January 2, 1844, and died 
October 13, 1885. Five children were born to this union, namely: Charles 
M., of Akron, Ohio; James C, who died in infancy; Harry M., who resides 
in South Dakota; Mary E.. the wife of Edward Geese, of Oxford township; 
and Noah M., a resident of New Coraerstown. Ohio. On August 12, 1886> 
Mr. Richmond was again married, his second union being with Maggie 


Harstine, who was born in this connty. Xovenilxn- "2S, 1SH3. Unto thi^ 
union have been born five children, the firstljorn dying in infancy. The 
others are Nina P., Emma M.. Helen ^I. and Raymond J., all of whom reside 
at home with their parents. 

Since age conferred ui^on him the right of franchise ]Mr. Richmond hac 
voted the republican ticket. He is actively interested in community affairs 
and sensed as township trustee for nine years in succession. He has also 
held the office of school director and several times has served as president of 
the board of education. Fraternally, he is a member of the local Grange and 
of West Lafayette Post, G. A. R. For over fifty years he has been a faithful 
and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 


William B. Evans, a, well known, progressive and prosperous agriculturist 
of Bethlehem township, was born on the old homestead farm in this county 
on the 27th of December, 1867, his parents being Alexander and Mahala A. 
(Cochrell) Evans. Daniel Evans, the paternal grandfather, settled in Monroe 
township, Coshocton county, Ohio, in 1842. His family numbered nine 
children, as follows: Elizabeth, Mary, Martha, Matthew. Alexander, Albert, 
Alfred, William and John. The year 1838 witnessed the arrival of the 
Cochrell family in this county, the grandmother of our subject walking the 
entire distance from Woodsfield, Ohio. She carried in her arms her little 
daughter, Mahala A., and on the journey she stopped and rested for a while 
among the Indians at Gnadenhutten. After arriving in Coshocton county 
she settled at Roscoe, where she made her home until the marriage of her 
daughter. Mahala A., to Alexander Evans on the 16th of March, 1858. 

Alexander Evans, the father of our subject, was born in Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania, December 24, 1835, and took up his abode on a farm in 
Bethlehem township, Coshocton county, in 1868, residing on that place until 
called to his final rest on the 10th of July, 1894. He carried on farming 
and stock-raising throughout his active business career and met with a gratify- 
ing measure of success in his undertakings, being widely recognized as a sub- 
stantial and enterprising agriculturist of his community. A loyal supporter 
of the Union, he enlisted in 1862 as a member of Company K, Nineteenth 
Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and went with General Sherman on 
the march to the sea. He received his discharge at Nashville, Tennessee, in 
1865, returning home with a most creditable military record. His brother, 
William Evans, who was a member of the Fifty-first Regiment of Ohio Volun- 
teer Infantry, was captured at Chickamauga and incarcerated in Libby and 
Andersonville prisons, his death occurring at the latter place. Alexander 
Evans upheld the candidates of the republican partj'^ where national issues 
were involved but at local elections cast an independent ballot, supporting 
the man whom he believed best fitted for the office in quastion. He capably 
served his fellow townsmen in the position of assessor and was a member of the 


school board for fifteen years, the cause of education ever finding in him a 
stalwart champion. Though not a member of any religious denomination, 
he usually attended the services of the Methodist church and was a man whose 
upright, honorable career commanded the regard and esteem of all with whom 
he -was associated. His Avife, whose birth occurred in Monroe county, Ohio, 
March 16, 1835, passed away on tlio lOth of June, 1904. 

William B. Evans, whose nninc initiates this review, attended the schools 
of his home locality until sixteen years of age and received a certificate to 
teach school, which he held for eight successive years. He never followed the 
profession, however, as his was needed in the work of the home farm. 
His entire life has been spent on the old homestead w^here he was born and in 
its cultivation and development he is still successfully engaged, the fields 
annually yielding golden harvests as a regard for the care and lalxir which 
he Ijestows upon them. 

On the 8th of October, 1893, Mr. Evans was united in marriage to Miss 
Emma Mullet, a daughter of N. J. and Mary Ann (Mullet) Mullet, who are 
mentioned on another page of this work. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Evans have 
been born seven children, namely: Katie Oka, ^lary EUie. Mona Belle, 
Eussell Otis, Charlotte Goldie and William Owen, all at home: and Harold 
Orlando, who died in infancy. 

Since age conferred upon him the right of franchise Mr. E\ans has 
given his political allegiance to the men and measures of the democracy and 
has been the efficient incumbent in the offices of township clerk and assessor, 
while for twelve successive years he acted as a member of the school board. 
He and his family are all devoted members of the Methodist church, in the 
work of which they take an active and helpful interest. He was early trained 
to habits of industry, enterprise and integrity, and these have proven strong 
elements in the success which has come to him and which entitles him to 
representation among the prosperous and well known citizens of his native 


James F. and John A. Forney, who are successfully carrying on agri- 
cultural pursuits in Linton township, are the largest importers of French 
Percheron horses in this part of the state. James F. Forney was born in Lin- 
ton township on the 4th of Septemher, 1859. His paternal grandfather, who 
was the first white child born in Guernsey county, Ohio, removed to Linton 
township, Coshocton county, where he entered more than a thousand acres 
of land. The grandmother of our subject had the honor of naming Linton 
township when it was organized. A. Z. Forney, father of James F. Forney, 
was born in Linton township, April 14, 1828, and became very successful in 
his business undertakings, being one of the earliest stock-raisers. He wedded 
Miss Hulda Doty, whose birth occurred in New Jersey, July 6, 1825, and who 
passed away on' the 29th of June. 1896. A. Z. Forney survived her for a 


nuuiljcr of years, hiie deini.-e uc-i-urriii.u in Liutnii tiiwii.-liip on the 4lh of 
A])iil, lijli4. Unto till- wni-thy (•(iu]ilc wd'r Imii'ii Heveii chiklren: Harriett, 
the wife nf Frank -Ah-Alh>ter; .h».-epli. of T.'xa.-: Jarne- F. and John A., who 
are the subjects of this sketch: Sarah, tlie wife (if T. K. Swan, of (luernsey 
county, Ohio; Rachel, who is the wife of Isaac MeAlli~tcr and resides in 
Linton townshij); and one who i.s deceased. 

•James F. Forney remained under the parental nxjf ami ^nrkcd fm- hi.- 
fathers until he was twenty-three years of age, when the lattrr decidrd td turn 
the farm over to his two sons, James F. and John A. On the day that .hihn 
A. Forney attained his majority he and his brother formed a partncr.-hi[i. 
which has been successfully continued to the present time. They own .-^even 
hundred acres of rich and valuable land in Linton township, John A. residing 
on his farm of four hundred acres, while James F. has lived on his tract of 
three hundred acres since 1893. They ai'e the largest importer.- nf iM-eneh 
Percheron horses in this part of Ohio, having commenced in this bu.-iness 
twenty years ago. They have made three voyages to France and on return- 
ing from the last trip to that country, brought back with them .sixty thousand 
dollars' worth of Percheron stallions and mares. They have also handled 
Clydesdale, French coach and Ilanibletnnian hnr.-es, and are widely recog- 
nized as i^rosperous and enterpri.-inij, citizens of their native ciiunt>'. Since 
1905 John A. Forney has been secretary of the American Breeders A: Ini]ior- 
ters Percheron Registry Company of the United States and Canada. 

In 1882 James F. Forney was united in marriage to Miss Charlotte 
Hamersley. whose birth occurred in Linton township in USlil, lier parents 
being T. J. and Mary L. (Adams) Hamersley. Her father was born in 
Linton township in 1823 and j^assed aw'ay in 1905, while the mother, whose 
birth occurred in Medina county, Ohio, in 1835, still survives. Their family 
numbered four children, namely: Mrs. Forney; Lydia B., who makes her 
home in New York ; Mrs. Lizzie Culberson, of New Comerstown ; and Francis, 
at home. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Forney have been born six children : Eldridge, 
who wedded Edith Wilson and lives near home; Thomas (4.. Mary. Rose, 
Helen and Hulda, at home. 

John A. Forney was born on the 11th of March. 18i)2. on the farm in 
Linton township on which he still resides. On the loth of September, 1892, 
he was joined in wedlock to Miss Ella Phillips, whose birth occurred in 
Guernsey county, Ohio, January 29, 1871, her parents being George W. and 
EHza (Mitchell) Phillips, both natives of Guernsey county. The father, 
who was born in 1821, pa.ssed away in 1904. The mother, whose natal day 
was .January 15, 1830, makes her home in Plainfield. Ohio, having now at- 
tained the age of seventy-eight years. Of her family of thirteen children, 
eight still survive, as fulhiws: George L.. of Cleveland, Ohio; J. A. D., 
residing in Nebraska: T. J., of Kansas: G. F.. who makes his home in Iowa: 
Mrs. Josephine Dull, of Guernsey comity: Howard, living in Plainfield: 
MiB. Charlotte Cosby, of Guernsey county: and Mrs. Forney. 

•James F. and .John A. Forney are both republicans in their political views, 
while their religious faith is indicated by their membership in the Methodist 
Episcopal church. They are well known and highly esteemed throughout the 


county in which they have spent their entire lives, having won the friendship 
and regard of all with whom they have come in contact in business or social 


^\'illialn Orc'cn, who ^ince lOOtj, ha.> served as president of the Ohio 
jMine Workers Organization, is at the head of an association that is of 
marked value in the industrial department of the state. He was born in 
Franklin township, March 3, 1870, a son of Hugh and Jane (Oram) Green, 
who came from Wales to Coshocton county in 1868 and settled in Franklin 
township. The father was engaged in mining in his native country and fol- 
lowed that occupation after his arrival in Ohio. His family numbered two 
sons and four daughters, of whom one daughter is deceased. 

William Green, the eldest in his father's family, was a youth of sixteen 
years when he entered the mines with his father. In his early youth he 
attended the district schools but as his aid was needed in the support of the 
family his advantages in this direction were somewhat limited. He later 
added to his fund of knowledge by reading good literature during his leisure 
hours and in this way acquired a good English education and a broad knowl- 
edge of public affairs. He made a close study of mining interests and was 
a student of character, for his close contact with miners gave him ample 
opportunity for study along this line. In his early manhood he showed 
a talent for leadership, which soon brought him into prominence and in 
1900, when but thirty years of age, he was elected to the presidency of Sub- 
district No. 6 of the Ohio Mine Workers Organization, comprising the 
counties of Coshocton, Muskingum, Guernsey, Perry, Noble and Holmes. 
He thus served for five years when, having proved a capable incumbent, he 
was called to still higher honors, being elected in 1906 to the presidency of 
the Ohio Mine Workers Organization, and he has filled the office inth such 
general satisfaction that he has twice been reelected without opposition. 
This organization embraces the entire state of Ohio, and is composed of a 
membership of more than forty-six thousand men. Heavy responsibility 
rests upon Mr. Green in this connection and it is seldom that so young a 
man is found in such an important position and this fact is an indication 
of his high standing in mining circles and of his capability for organizing 
and directing forces, and thus he has become a power in mining circles in 
the Buckeye state. 

Mr. Green was married April 14, 1892. to Miss -lennie ^lobley. a 
daughter of Frank and Mary Mobley, of Coshocton county. Four interesting 
daughters grace their home: Flora E., Esther, Nellie and Clara. The family 
home is a beautiful cottage, near the eastern border of Coshocton, where the 
children can enjoy good educational advantages. 

Mr. Green's study of the political que.«tions and is.?ues of the day has 
led him to give stalwart support to the democratic party. He is a member 



of thf l!aiiti.-t eluin-h and his fratiTiial ivlatiiai.- are with Ciishuctdii lod.^e. 
I. 0. 0. F., of which he has been a uieinljei- siucL' I'.lOO, and alsd wilh the 
Forester.s of .America. He i.s an advocate of every imMie niea.-ui'e or ninve- 
ment that has for its object the betterment uf imMic cnnihtinn- and the (de- 
vation of mankind. He is a splendid type df a -elt-niade innu, -hnwinii; to 
what position of honor and influence a yonni; man may ri^i/ wlim he ad- 
heres to -trict honesty, inte,i;rity and cdrivei livin-. The true mea-nre (if 
success is determined by wliat one has acn>mpli~hed and. a,- taken in eimlra- 
di.stinctii)n tn the old adaoe that a ].i'.iphet is not witliont honor sa\e in h\< 
own country, there is jiarticidar intere-t allaehinj^ to die career of the ~nbject 
of this review, since he is a native son of Coshocton comity, wliere he has 
passed his entire life and so directed his ability and eti'orl< a- to ^ain «irle 
recognition as one of the representative citizens of this state. 


rVter Rerrine De Hart wa. at one lime jiresident of the Codioi't-ai Manu- 
facturing Com]iany and a man of well balanced ]M.wer>. wlio-i' bn,-ine-s and 
social qualities gained for iiim a creditable place in public ri uai'd. He wa- 
born in Kimbollon, Cuernsey county. Ohio. May ■.".», Is:,:;. Hj., tatiier. 
Wihiam De Hart, was a native of Trenton. New Jer-ev. an.l on hi.- arrival 
in Ohio ill 1K.V2 b:'caiia." a resident of (uicrn-.v eonntv. wluav be .-ecured 
land and followed farming, becoming <aie of the enterpri-in-j, anriculluri-ts 
of thai locality. He wa- well known and highly re-p, cle,l there. Hi< 
birth oeenrred in INOO. hi- ,leath (Mi the Htli of .T;muary, bs'.H). .,, that he 
lived to be about ninety years of a.Lj,e. IIi< political -n]iport wa- -iveii to 
the republican jiarty. From pioneer time.- be wa- active in tln' development 
of hi- comnmnitv, bearing hi- full share in tb.' work of u.aieral proMiv- and 
improvna.nt as wild land.- were convened into rich li.ld- and log cabins 
were -up]ilaiited by modern bn-m residiaice-. Hi- wib. who bore the maiden 
name of Elizabeth Powers. wa< a natixe of Pennsylvania and. -urvixing her 
husband about three years, pas-ed awa\- in lMi:l. 

Peter P. De Hart was a pupil in tbe di.-trici -chools near hi.- father's 
home and alternated hi- -cliool work with the labor- of tlu' b.rm. After leav- 
ing home he went to tbe west and was variou-ly ( iii]>loyed b)r two years. He 
then returned to (.Tuernsey county and became a mamifaelurer and sales- 
man, remaining an active factor in the liu>ine.-- circle- of that locality until 
about thirty year< of age. when in 1.SS2 lie removed to Co-hoeton. Pku'e he 
entered into a bu-iiies- aureianent Avith E. ( ". Rennia-. bir whom he became a 
traveling -ale-man and later they formed a iiartnersbi|i under tbe name of 
the Co,-hocton ^hnmfacturing Company, conducting a novelty advertising 

Manufacturing Company- and from that time until hi^ death Mr. De Hart was 
not active in business management. He had lbroui;li birima- year< o{ activity 
acquired a goodly competence and it <up]ilied him tlirongbout bis remaining 


days with all of the comforts and some of the luxuries of life and enabled 
him to leave his family in good circumstances. 

In 1880 ^Ir. De Hart was married to Ella Thompson, of New 
Comerstown, Ohio, and unto them were born a daughter and son: Bernice, 
■>.vho was born in 1883 and is the wife of Harry Hunt; and Frank, who was 
born in 1888 and is still in school. 

Mr. De Hart belonged to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellow,- and the :\Ictbodi<( Episcopal church, 
associations which indicated much coiH-cniiuu bis characlcri-^lics and the 
principles wliicli oovemed his actions. In connuunily aliairs be was deeply 
interested and at tlu' time of his death was serving as a member of the county 
election board and of the board of public safety. He passed away Au- 
gust 28, 1905, at the age of fifty-two years. He was yet in the prime of life, 
had many friends and was filling a position in public affairs that made him 
a valued citizen. Friendship was to him no mere idle word, for he was loyal 
to all those to whom he gave hi- confidence and good will. He was also de- 
voted to the welfare of his family and his salient characteristics were such a.s 
make his example well worthy of emulation. 


George Branstool, who is extensively engaged in farming in New Castle 
township, was born in this township on the 24th of May, 1869, his parentSi 
being Lewis and Margaret (Breightenbucher) Branstool, both natives of 
Holmes county. When still in his boyhood the father came to Coshocton 
county and has here succciSsfuUy followed agricultural pursuits throughout 
his active business career, now making his home in Jefferson township. His 
wife also still sui"vives and the record of their eleven children is a.* follows: 
Josephine, the wife of John Fox, of Tiverton township; George, of this re- 
view ; one who died in infancy ; Emanuel and Maggie, both at home : Henry, 
a resident of Pittsburg; Lydia and Levi, who have passed away; Bertha and 
CJusta, twdns, at home ; and Clarence, who is also yet under the parental roof. 

George Branstool was educated in the common schools of his native town- 
ship and remained on the home farm until tw^enty-one years of age. He 
then began the operation of a sawmill and threshing machine and was thus 
engaged for five years, on the expiration of which period he removed to 
Loudonville, Ohio, where he conducted a lumberyard and planing-mill for 
ten years. Subsequently he took up his abode on his present farm of three 
hundred acres in 'New Castle towmship and his since given his time and 
energies to general agricultural pui-suits. He has placed many substantial 
improvements on the property, which in its neat and thrifty appearance indi- 
cates the supervision of a practical and progressive owner. At the outset of 
his career he had neither money nor influential friends to aid him in gaining 
a footliold but ])Osscssed the inherent force of character and unabating energy 


\\"hich proved the^ tif his subsequent sueeess and enabled him to steadily 
advance toward the goal of prosperity. 

On the 16th of April, 1896, Mr. Branstool \va.s united in marriage to 
Miss Dora Draper, of Tiverton township, by whom he has three children, 
Nellie, Lewis and Charles, all at home. 

Mr. Branstool gives his political allegiance to the men and measures of 
the democracy where national questions and issues are involved but at local 
elections casts an independent baJlot. He has served as councilman while 
living in Loudonville, and has ever given his active aid and cooperation to 
movements instituted for the general welfare. Fraternally he is connected 
with the Knights of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen nf America at Lou- 
donville, and is also affiliated with the Knights & Ladii- nf Se<iiiity. His wife 
is a devoted member of the Disciple church and is highly e-feemed for her 
many good traits of heart and mind. Mr. Branstool has also gained an 
extensive circle of friends here and is widely recognized as a substantial and 
public-.«pirited citizen of his native county. 


George Batch who is engaged in general farming and sheep-raising in 
White Eyes township, where he owns and operates a good farm of one hundred 
and sixty acres, was born in Clay township, Knox county, Ohio, May 4, 1838. 
His parents were John W. and Malinda (Hull) Balch. the former a native 
of the state of New York and the latter of Ohio. His death occurred in the 
year 1873, while his wife, wlm -urvived him for twenty years, died in 1893. 

George Balch was reared under the parental roof and was early trained 
to habits of industy and economy. His mental discipline was received in 
the public schools and when he started out in life on his own account he 
was employed as a sawyer, but has since been successful as a caii^enter. mill- 
wright and farmer. He arrived in Coshocton county in 1852 and has re- 
mained here continnuu-ly since, willi the exception of the years 1865, 1866 
and 1867, spending that jievind in ^li.-.-tmri. rp:in his return to this county 
he engaged in the luml)er liusiness tor a short time and then bought a farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres in White Eyes township, making his home 
thereon for two years. On the expiration of that period he sold the property 
and removed to Co.shocton. where he lived for six months, after which he 
bought the farm upon which he now resides. It is an excellent tract of land 
of one hundred and twelve acres located not far from Fresno in White Eyes 
township. It is well adapted to the raising of the various cereals and the 
fields annually bring forth good crops for the plowing, planting and cultivat- 
ing are carried on in a progrc-ssive manner in harmony vnih the most modern 
methods of farm work. In addition to tilling the soil ^Ir. Balch also raises 
sheep and derives considerable income from this branch of the business. 

In September, 1865, occurred the mai'viage of Mr. Balch and ^li-s Nancy 
J. Boyd, who was born in Keene town-hii>, this county, in 1837, a daughter 


nf Joliu and Bessie (Tony) Boyd, wlio were natives of Ireland. Their family 
iiunilici-cd live children, while nntu .Mr. and Mr.-. Balch have been born eight 
c-luldrei), the .-eeond of whom died in infancy. 'I'he elde-'t child, Charle.-^, i5 
also decea.--ed. Emma L. and Eva M. wrrc twins. The former is now the 
wife of E. E. Reames, while the latter ha- lKl-^(■d away. Nannie E. is at home. 
The next three ciiildren were triplet.-^ — .bilni. Lanra M. and Leola Jane. The 
Ih'.-t twd named are upun the njd luinie farm, which John is engaged in 
operating, and Leola Jane is now the wife of J. U. McClary, of West Lafayette, 
Ohio. The death of Mrs. Baleii oeenrred in Di^eemher, 1907, her husband 
and live children being left to mourn her lo,->. Her remains were laid to 
rest in the Lewisville cemetery and her deatb wa- deeply regretted by many 
friends who knew her as a most estimable lady and a loving and devoted wife 
and mother. She was a faithful member of the Presbyterian church, to which 
Mr. Balch also belongs. He is a member of the Grange, and in politics is an 
earnest republican, with firm faith in the principles of the party. He has 
-erveil as township trustee and for several terms has been a member of the 
-ehool board, in which connection he has rendered valuable sei'vice to the 
can-e of pnlilie education. For more than half a century he has lived in 
this county and ha?- witncs-ed many chan.nes iiere, as the old habits of life 
and work have been replaced by the evidences of a modern civilization. He 
has always kept in touch with the trend of the times in agricultural progre&s 
and has ever been interested in what the county has accomplished in other 
lines. He is recognized as a man of genuine worth, in whom any one may 
safely tnr-t, for his life has been guide(l liy high print'iples and characterized 
bv mardv conduct. 


C. O. Mercer, a succe.ssful auctioneer and farmer residing in Perry town- 
ship, wa- Ijorn near Bladensl)urg. Knox county, Ohio. October 10. 1867, his 
parent- lieing Levi and Jane (ITouck) Mercer. The grandfather. Levi Mercer, 
who was a cabinetmaker by trade, jonnieycd tVom Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania, to Knox county, Ohio, being among the early settlers there. He 
.-]>ent the remainder of his life in that county and carried on agricultural pur- 
,-uits a- a life work. Levi Mercer, the father of C. 0. Mercer, was born in Knox 
comity and there resided until the year 1S75, when he removed to Licking 
county, where he made his home until called to ids final rest in 1898. He was 
a graduate of Kenyon College and a cla--mate of Pre-ident Hayes. In connec- 
tion with auctioneering, in which line of activity he was very successful, he 
also carried on farming and lilacksmithiug. Politically he was a democrat, 
fraternally a Mason and in religions faith was a Methodist. He was moreover a 
public-sjiirited citizen and his aid and influence could always be counted upon 
to further any movement or measure instituted for the general welfare. His 
wife, a native of Bladen.sburu. Knox coiudv. wa- there reared and married 


and still .survives, now making her home in Lieking county. Unto this 
worthy couple were born nine children, namely: Wilmctte, deceased; Luna, 
the wife of G. F. Van Winkle, a farmer of Knox eounty; Evalina, the de- 
ceased wife of Robert Gardner; Josephine, the wife of W. O. Bickem. who is 
engaged in agricultural pursuits near Bladensburg, Knox county; Daisy, the 
wife of W. 0. Wright, of Coshocton county; Clarence, who has pa.ssed away; 
C. 0., of this review: .John, who is also deceased; and (ieorgo, who i-. manager 
of the Des Moines branch of tlie Negal Clothing (^'omiiany. 

C. 0. Mercer was educated in the district schools of hl< nati\e county 
and started to cry sales when only fourteen years of age, having since liccn 
successfully connected with the auctioneering business. ?Te ha.- .-old more 
goods than any other auctioneer in the AnW of Obi,, mu\ ba- al-,. d,,ii,' 
work along this line in the adjoining states. Tbnugb lie has i-onlined lii- 
operations principally to Ohio and Pennsylvania, he has also done some work 
in Iowa, Illinois and Indiana. He owns one hundred acres of valuable and 
well improved land in Perry township and in his farming operations ha-- 
also gained a gratifying measure of prosperity, the fields annually nturning 
golden harvests in return for the care and labor which he be.-tow.- ujmu tbim. 

In 1889 Mr. Mercer was united in marriage to Miss Ella Riue. a daughter 
of J. C. Rine, w-ho resides near Nevi' Guilford, Coshocton county. They now 
have three children, Harry, Lewis and Forrest, all at home. 

In politics Mr. Mercer is a democrat and fraternally is connected with 
t,he Knights of Pythias lodge at New Guilford, in which he has ])a.s-^ed through 
all the chairs. His life has been oih> of continuous activity, in which ba- 
been accorded due recognition of labor mid today be is numhered among the 
substantial citizens of his countv. 

genei'al agricultural ])i 

irsnits and owns 

],i'i,\,'tl land in TixiTt 

oil towiL-bi],. He 

-bi|,. .Mav 14. IS.-,], a 

^nu of .le-.-e and 

h.T wa.- burn in liehiie 

iut county. Ohio. 

en he came to Co-li,,ct' 

iin c(,unty. where 

as a life work, mosth 

: in this countv. 

JOSEPH work:\ian. 

Joseph AVorkman is engaged i 
seventy-four acres of rich and well 
Avas born on a farm in Tiverton tii\ 
Nancy (Conner) AVorkman. The i 
in 1810, and was a lad of ten year- 
he was reared. He followed farmi 
In 1837, how'ever, he went to Sullivan county, Indiana, and there remained 
until 1845, when he returned to Coshocton county, where he was engaged in 
farming until just before his death, when he removed to ITolmes county and 
there passed away in 1873, his remains being interred in Tiverton. His first 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Nancy Conner, was born in Peini.-ylvania. 
and died in 1863. She became the mother of ten children, namely: Nealy 
and Grace, who are deceased: f^olomon. who follows farming in ."^ullivan 
county, Indiana; James R., LcAvis. Maria. John and Ruey. all nf wlumi liav,' 
departed this life; and Mary and Jo-e],li. (wins. l,nl tbi> formei- i- deeea-i'd. 
Following the death of bis wife. Ji'-^e A\'orkiiian was again marrii^d. bi- 
second union being with Maria Parson-, by whom be had two children: 


Alvie J., a telegraph operator in Mar.shallville, Ohio: and Willi? T., who fol- 
lows farming in Tiverton township. 

Joseph Workman, the immediate subject of this sketch, was educated in 
the district schools of Tiverton township and remained under the* parental 
roof until he had reached the age of twenty-two years. During this time he 
had been trained in the duties of the home farm, so that at that age he was 
well prepared to carry on farming on his own account. He owns seventy- 
four acres of land in Tiverton township, twenty-four acres in one tract and 
fifty acres in another, the latter tract being well adapted to the raising of 
^vheat. Mr. Workman is successful in his work and'-is numbered among the 
substantial citizens of his locality. 

Mr. W^orkman was married in 1895 to Miss Lizzie A. Lonon, a resident 
of Coshocton county. In politics he is a democrat and in 190'2-03 served as 
assessor of his township. He and his wife are members of the Baptist church 
and are people of the highest respectability, commanding the confidence and 
esteem of a large circle of friends. 


For sixteen years Major Thomas J. Piatt has Ijeen numbered among the 
prominent and progressive citizens of West Lafayette as president of the 
West Lafayette Bank. He has also taken an active interast in other public 
enterprises and may therefore be termed one of the builders of this village, 
for his coniu'ction with any undertaking insures a prosperous outcome of 
the .same. 

ilr. Piatt is a native of the Buckeye state, liorn in Linton township, 
Coshocton county, December 16, 1840, a son of Thoma? and Eliza (Harbi- 
son) Piatt. Both the Piatt and the Harbison families were early settlers of 
this section of the state, the paternal grandfather having .settled here in 1816, 
at which time he entered land from the government. He served in the war 
of 1812. The maternal grandfather came from Baltimore, Maryland, to 
Linton township, Coshocton county, in 1830, and was therefoi-e classed 
among its pioneer settlers. 

The father, Thomas Piatt, was born in New Jersey, while the birth of 
the mother occurred in Baltimore, Maryland. The father was a caipenter 
by trade but abandoned that pursuit at the time of the Civil war to l^ecome 
a member of Company I, Sixty-ninth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, with which 
he served for two years. He particdpated in the battle of Stone River and in 
many other hotly contested engagements during the struggle between the 
north and the south. He was a democrat in his political views and allegiance 
and took a prominent and active part in the political life of this section of 
the state. He served as coroner and as sheriff of Coshocton county. His 
death occurred May 12, 1897, while his mfe was called to her final rest many 
years before, her death occurring May 12, 1861, just thirty-six years pre- 
vious. Their imion was blessed with the following children: Thomas J., 


of this rexiew ; Allen H., a resident of Ccshocton ; Mary J., the widow 
of William Smith; John P., who makes hi* home in Cameron, Missouri; 
Robert V., who has departed this life; Agnes, the widow of Victor Vickers; 
Emmett, deceased; Bell, the Avife of Henry Norris and a resident of Coshoc- 
ton county; Joseph H., of Plainfield, Ohio; and one who died in infancy. 
Not only the father but four of his sons, Allen H., Thomas J., John Parker 
and l!ol«'rt \'., manifested their loyalty aii<l patriotism l)y serving in the 
Civil war and fortunately all returned home uninjured, none being wounded 
in battle. 

Thomas J. Piatt was reared to agricultural pursuits and acquired his 
education in the common schools. At the age of seventeen yeare he began 
business life as a clerk in the employ of a cousin in Perry county, Ohio, Avith 
whom he remained for four years. He then put aside all busine-ss and per- 
sonal considerations and offered his s^'i'vices to the government at the time 
of the Civil war, becoming a member of Company F, Seventeenth Ohio 
\'olunteer Infantry, which he joined April 21, 1861. for three months' 
sendee, the company being organized at Lancaster, this state. At the end 
of that period he reenlisted for three years, October 11, 1(S61, as a member 
of Com]iany D. Sixty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry. On the Kith of 
Novemiier of that year he was promoted to the rank of sergeant and was with 
his regiment at the battle of AVinchester, Virginia, March '2.S, 1862; and at 
Harrison's Landing, July 10, 1862. On account of a vacancy caused by 
death of the first lieutenant he was promoted to the rank of second lieu- 
tenant, July 13, 1863, while still later he was commissioned first lieutenant 
at INIorris Island, South Carolina. His regiment took an active part in the 
assault on Fort Wagner, where they lost in killed and wounded seventy-five 
men. On the 24th of October, 1863, he was promoted to the captaincy of 
his company, which took Fort Gregg, and he -was also in the siege at Charles- 
ton. .U Richmond, Virginia, on the 26th of December, 1864, he was com- 
missioned major of his regiment and saw active service during the campaign 
before Ricliniond and Petei'sburg. On the 16th of June of the same year 
he was commissioned lieutenant colonel i)ut as there was not a vacancy it 
was a complimentary commission and lie wa< never mustered into the office. 
On the 1st of Au.gust, 1865, the Sixty-second and Sixty-.-eventh Ohio Regi- 
ments were consolidated and the surplus otticcr.- of lioth were mustered out 
of service, Major Piatt being retained in that jiosition with the Sixty-seventh 
Ohio Regiment and was mustered out with that rank on the 7th of Decem- 
ber, 1865. He displayed marked bravery during his entire sendee as is 
indicated by the fact of his promotion to the rank of major. AVhile located 
at Port Royal or Hilton Head, his regiment reenlisted for three years or 
imtil the close of the war and were granted a thirty days' furlough, .\fter 
boarding a ship to return home. Major Piatt was ordered back to land to take 
charge of a part of the Thirty-ninth Illinois Infantry who were without an 
oHicer and he i-emained with them from the first of Jaiuiary. 1864, until 
the latter part of the following April, when he returned north wdth the regi- 
ment and met his old Ohio comrades. The transfer was made at Gloucester 
Point, Virginia, but before leaving for home the Illinois boys presented the 


Major with <a beautiful sword, scabbard and sash, as a token of their love and 
respect for him and what he had done for them. 

Returning to his home at the close of the war. Major Piatt formed a 
partnership with David Brelsford in the conduct of a mercantile establish- 
ment at Plainfield, Ohio, but in 1868 he retired from the firm and for one 
year was employed as traveling salesman by Jewett & Company, of Newark, 
Ohio. He then purchased a stock of merchandise of Jonathan Wiggins and 
carried on business successfully until 1892, when he retired and removed to 
West Lafayette, since which time he has made his home in this village. 
He was one of the organizers of the West Lafayette Bank, of which he is 
now acting as president. He is a careful man of business and it is largely 
through his individual efforts that the bank has been classed among the solid 
and safe banking institutions of this section of the state. 

Major Piatt was married June 20, 1867, to Miss Ella C. Sangster, who 
Avas born in Virginia, July 16, 1848, a daughter of Charles F. and Sarah 
(Gore) Sangster, both of whom were natives of Loudoun county, that state, 
coming to Ohio in 1850, at which time they made a settlement in Muskin- 
gum county, while later they took up their abode in Coshocton county, 
where they purchased a tract of land. Their family numbered nine chil- 
dren, of whom Mrs. Piatt was the second in order of birth By her marriage 
she has become the mother of four children, a son and three daughters, as 
follows: Harry, who is a traveling salesman and makes his home in Coshoc- 
ton ; Anna S., the wife of F. E. Karr, who is engaged in the insurance busi- 
ui'.--.- in Coshocton; Nellie Lee, who was graduated from the West Lafayette 
liigh school and is at home; and Carrie M., the wife of Charles Walters, who 
is engaged in the hardware business in connection with his father and 
brothers under the firm name of John A. Walters & Sons, in West Lafayette. 

Major Piatt maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades 
through his membership with the Grand Army of the Republic at Plain- 
field, while both he and his wife are devoted and consistent members of the 
JNIethodist Episcopal church. He has been watchful of all the details of his 
business and of all indications pointing to prosperity and from the beginning 
has had an abiding faith' in the ultimate success of the bank. He has gained 
wealth, yet it has not been alone the goal for which he has striven, for he 
belongs to that class of representative American citizens who promote the 
general prosperity while advancing individual interests. 


The list of the leading citizens of Coshocton county contains the name 
of John C. Miskimen, one of the wealthy landowners of Linton township, 
where he possesses four hundred acres. He was born in Coshocton county, 
September 27, 1857, a son of John and Rachel (Burt) Miskimen. The 
family was established in this section of the state when the paternal grand- 
father cnme here and entered a largo tract of land from the government in 


1806. The father of our subject. John Mi.-ikimen, wii^, born in this county, 
July 21, 1815, while the mother was born in Orange county, New Y^'ork, and 
came to this county with her parents when a young lady of sixteen years. 
The father followed farming as a life work and at the time of his death 
owned fourteen hundred acres. He made a special study of agriculture and 
was veiy succe.?sful in his undertakings. He was a republican in his po- 
litical belief but was not active as an office seeker. He followed farming in 
Oxford township from the time of his marriage until 1869, when he removed 
to New Comei-stown but enjoyed his new home for only a short period, pas,sing 
away there July 10, 1870, while his wife survived for a few years and died 
April 5, 1876. Their family numbered twelve children, of whom only five 
survive: Daniel; Frank; George; -John C, of this re\'iew; Mary, the wife of 
George W. Mi.=kimen. who. though of the same name. wa.s no relation. 


The name Croul i.s an old and prominent one in agricultural circles in 
Coshocton county, for from the time of its earliest pioneer settlement mem- 
hei-s of the family have been actively connected with its development and 
improvement. John Croul is a worthy i-epresentative of this family, his 
birth having occurred on the farm which is now his home, June 12, 1850, 
being the youngest of three children born of the mai'riage of Louis and 
Elizabeth (Miller) Croul. both of whom were natives of Germany. The 
father emigrated to the United States when a boy and located in this county. 
The Ohio canal was at that time under course of construction and the father 
secui'ed work in this connection, being thus emploj^ed for some time. After 
the completion of the canal he engaged in farming. He bore many hard- 
.ships and trials incident to life in a new country, for the methods of farming 
were very ci-ude as compared to those of the present day. He tilled his fields 
with the of oxen and had to go long distances to mill and market. At 
one time he split nine hundred rails and carried them on his back to the place 
where he built a fence. He was highly esteemed in this section of the state 
as one of its pioneer settlers and his death, which occurred in 1898, was the 
occasion of deep regret to his many friends. The wife and mother died many 
years before, her demise occurring in 1880. Their family numbered three 
children: William, a farmer of Clark township; Dora Elizabeth, deceased; 
and John, of this review. 

John Croul acquired his education in the district schools of Jefferson 
township and remained on the home farm until he reached the age of twenty- 
seven years. During this time he assisted his father in the work of plowing, 
planting and harvesting. After establishing a home of his own he lived near 
his parents and continued to render a.ssistance to hi,s father until the latter's 
death. Mr. Croul now owns eighty acres of rich and arable land, forty acres 
of which is located in Jeffei-son township and forty acres in Monroe town- 
ship. He has developed and improved the land, having erected a good 


inorlorii home and many substantial outbuildings for the shelter of grain and 
8tock, and everything about the place is kept in a neat and thrifty appear- 
ance. In addition to carrying on general farming he also raises good grades 
of stock and this branch of his business is proving profitable to him. 

It was in 1886 that Mr. Croul was united in marriage to Miss .Josephine 
Filler, a resident of Monroe township, who by her marriage became the 
mother of one daughter, Dora Elizabeth, now deceased. Mr. Croul gives his 
political support to the men and measures of democracy and his fraternal 
relations are with the Patrons of Industry. He is a member of the Lutheran 
church and has been superintendent of the Sunday school, while his wife is a 
member of the Evangelical church. He displays splendid judgment in carry- 
ing on hLs business affairs and to those whose good fortune it is to know him 
intimately, his compaTiion.^liip and friendsliip are appreciated and helpful. 


Stokely S. Fisher, pastor of the Methodist Protestant church at Coshoc- 
ton, was born on a farm near Woodsfield, Monroe county, Ohio, August 8, 
1865. The same locality was the birthplace of his father, Simon A. Fisher, 
whose natal day was September 18, 1845. The father was educated for the 
ministry of the Methodist Protestant church and filled several different 
charges, being pa.stor at New Comerstown, Steubenville and other places. He 
engaged in preaching for nearly forty years and in 1898 accepted the pastorate 
of the Methodist Protestant church of Coshocton, where he continued in the 
active work of the denomination until 1908, when he was stricken with 
paralysis and passed away. For two years he was president of the Muskingum 
conference and served on all the principal church boards under the direction 
of the general conference. For sixteen years he was president of the Home 
Mission church and was the first president of the board of trustees of the 
A¥est Lafayette College. He acted as a delegate to all the conferences of his 
church during his ministerial career with the exception of two, and many 
honors came to him in recognition of his ability and his consecration and 
zeal in his holy calling. The degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred 
upon liiin by the Kansas City LTniversity, which is the principal educational 
in>titutiou of his church. He was instrumental in erecting several houses of 
worship, including one at Cambridge and one at Co.shocton, and from the 
period of his earliest identification with the ministry he was unfaltering in 
his efforts to promote the growth of the denomination with which he was 
identified. He was widely recognized as one of the most prominent divines 
of the Methodist Protestant faith and the church met a distinct loss in his 
death, which occurred September 22, 1905. His memory, however, remains 
a.^ a blessed benediction to all who knew him, while his words linger as a 
source of inspiration and encouragement to those who came iinder his teach- 
ing. He married Maria AVestbrook, a native of Woodsfield, Monroe county, 
Ohio, who is still living at the age of sixty-two years. Her father was a 
veteran of the Civil war, serving as captain of a cavalry company. 


Dr. Fisher, wliose iuuik- iutroducuri this record, attended the public 
schools of the various towns to which the itinei'ant customs of the Methodist 
niiuistrv took the family. He was graduated from the Cambridge (Ohio) 
high school in 1882 and afterward attended the Adrian (Mich.) College, 
the principal institution of learning of his denomination. However, he had 
entered the ministry at the age of seventeen years and wa^; regularly ordained 
at the age of nineteen, before he had completed his college course. His firet 
cliarge was at Wellsville, Columbiana county, Ohio, and later he served the 
churches at Byesville, Empire, Attica, Cambridge, West Lafayette and Co- 
shocton. In 1895 he accepted the presidency of the West Lafayette College, 
continuing at the head of that institution until he came to Coshocton in 1897. 

In all the intervening years Dr. Fisher had been a student of litera- 
ture and science and i3ursued non-resident work under the direction of various 
colleges. In 1883 he brought forth his first volume of poems, pubhshcd by 
G. L. Manchester, of Columbus, and this was followed by other editions in 
1884 and 1886. From that period on he did little work in that direction 
until a recent date, when he has resumed his literary interests and is a regular 
contributor to various standard magazines and religious publications. His 
early poem of greatest note is Lelia Lee. He is also the author of a number 
of essays on scientific subjects, treating of microscopical biology. His superior 
scholarship has won recognition from different schools, the Kansas City 
I'niversity conferring upon him the Doctor of Divinity degree in 1904. while 
from West Lafayette College, in 1905, he received the degree of Doctor of 

On the 1st of .July, 1886, Dr. Fisher was married to Miss Alwilda Adelee 
Smith, of Faii-\'iew, Ohio, and they became the parents of seven children, but 
Charles W., born December 11, 1887, died on the 17th of October, 1905. The 
others are: Stokely M., born February 6, 1890; Mary Lillian, whose birth 
occurred December 26, 1891; Ruth Gertrude, whose natal day was July 4, 
1894: Edith Adelee, born December 13, 1896; Thomas Smith, who was born 
March 19, 1899: and Melville Eugene, br.rn Sri-tember 25, 1907. 

Dr. Fisher is a member of the American Micrii.-c(>|iica! Sneiety. the 
American Geographical Society and several other organization? for scientific 
research. He is independent in his political views, nor is he a man of biased 
o]iinions in any line. Broad thought, wide research and careful consideration 
( haracterize his ideas upon all subji-cts df iniporlanec. Tie ha- gone beyond 
the point where vision i< limited liy a narmw sectarianism, having reached 
the higher plane which recognizes the universal brotherhood and the need of 
humanity for something that will lead to the unfolding of character in accord- 
ance with the highest ideals of Christian living. He preaches a doctrine of 
faith and hope rather than of criticism and since called to the pastorate of 
tlie ilethodist Protestant churdi of Coshocton in September, 1906. has been 
regarded as one of the ablest ministers of this city. Although the church is 
young in years, it is now the third largest in Coshocton and its attendance is 
greater than that of any other in proportion to its membership. He is a 
popular pastor, honored and respected alike by people of all denominations, 
and under his guidance the church is making rapid progress and proving a 


potent infiuence for good in the connnunity. Dr. Fisher has filled almost 
all the positions of honor in his church, his history being, in this respect, 
practically identical with that of his father. 


Dr. Matthew T. Moorehead, a succes.sful medical practitioner of Plain- 
field, was born in ■Muskingum county, Ohio, December 14, 1800, his parents 
being Samuel and Elizabeth (Graham) Moorehead, the former a native of 
Jefferson county, Penn.sylvania. Samuel Moorehead was a lad of eight years 
when he accompanied his parents on their removal to Muskingum county, 
Ohio, where he was reared and married. He was a carpenter by occupation 
and built the first gristmill in Muskingum county. His death occurred in 
1S93 when he was eighty-four years of age, and his wife passed away in 1881, 
when sixty years of age. Unto this worthy couple were born four children, 
namely: John G., of Seattle, Washington; James C, who resides in Stafford, 
Kansas; Samuel L., who is in the United States secret service at San Francisco, 
California; and Matthew T., of this review. 

The last named acquired a common-school education in Blnomfield. and 
subsequently pursued his studies in the McCorkle College at Bloomfield, con- 
ducted under the auspices of the Social Reform Presbyterian church. Deter- 
mining upon the practice of medicine as a life work, he entered the Cincinnati 
(Ohio) Medical School in 1883 and was graduated from that institution in 
1889. He had been compelled to work his way through college, thus early 
manifesting the strong purpose and laudable ambition which have ever spurred 
him onward and upward. On the 8th of August, 1889, he arrived in Plain- 
field with but sixty cents in his pocket, and that he has since gained standing 
and prominence in the ranks of the medical fraternity here is indicated by 
his large and profitable patronage. Among the young men who have read 
medicine under his supervision and who are now practicing successfully may 
be mentioned Dr. Hahn, who is located at Tiverton Center. W. C. Kinner. 
who studied in his office for two years, was graduated from the Ohio ^Medical 
College at Cincinnati, and is now practicing at Adamsville, Ohio. Dr. Moore- 
head owns two hundred and twenty-seven acres of rich and valuable land in 
Linton township, and likewise has a beautiful residence in Plainfield. He is 
a stockholder and director in the People's Bank of Coshocton, and is well 
known and highly esteemed as one of the substantial and enterprising citizens 
of the county, his success being all the more creditable by reason of the fact 
that it has been achieved entirely through his own efforts. 

In 1897 Dr. Moorehead was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary S. Talmage. 
a native of Coshocton county, her parents being Henry and Mary (Williams) 
Talmage. By this union there are four children: Laura Lenora. Matthew 
Talmage, James Raymond and Helen Rose. 

In his political views Dr. ]\Ioorehead is a stalwart republican, while 
fraternally he is connected with Plainfield Lodge, No. 224. A. F. & A. M.. 


and Plaiiifield Lodge, No. 776, I. 0. 0. F., both of Plainfield. His religious 
faith is indicated by his membership in the United Presbyterian church, 
while his wife is identified with the Methodist Episcopal denomination. 


Andrew J. Henderson is a retired farmer who for many years was 
actively engaged in general agricultural pursuits and by reason of his energy 
and careful management gained the competence that now enables him to 
rest from further labor and yet enjoy the comforts of life. He was born 
in White Eyes township, March 28, 1843, and is a son of John and Nancy 
(Stonehocker) Hendei-son. The father's birth occurred in this state in 
1811 although he was of Irish descent. The mother was born in White 
Eyes township in 1812, representing one of the old pioneer families who 
aided largely in converting the district from a frontier region into a place 
possessing all of the advantages incident to modern civilization. The death 
of Mr. Henderson occurred January 21, 1870, while his wife passed away 
many years before, dying September 20, 1847. They were the parents of 
four children: Jacob and Mary, both of whom are deceased; Andrew J., 
of this review; and Elizabeth, who has departed this life. 

Andrew J. Henderson remained upon the home farm through the 
period of his boyhood and youth, working on the place in the summer 
months, while in the winter seasons he attended the public schools. His 
early thorough training in farm work well qualified him to take charge 
of a farm of his own when he started out upon an independent business 
career. He left the old homestead and rented land for six years and dur- 
ing that time his careful expenditures and unfaltering industry brought 
him a sum of money sufficient to justify his purchasing a tract of land 
in White Eyes township. Here he lived until 1900 and became recognized 
as one of the leading and progressive agriculturi.~ts of the community. At 
one time he owned two hundred and sixty-six acres of rich and valuable 
land but later sold the entire amount with the exception of fifty acres, 
not wishing to be burdened with the great responsibility of this property. 
While engaged in the raising of cereals best adapted to the soil and climate 
he also made a specialty of raising horses and cattle, and worked on ]iqt- 
sistently and energetically for many years until his capable business man- 
agement had brought him a gratifying measure of succes.s. He then retired 
from the more active and onerous duties of the farm and is now enjoying a 
well earned rest. 

Mr. Henderson was married January 21, 1872, to Miss Mary L. Mc- 
Guire, who was born in Lafayette township. July 1, 1836, a daughter of 
William and Mary (Stonehocker) McGuire. Her father was born in Co 
shocton, March 15. 1807, which fact indicates that the McGuires were 
among the earliest families of this portion of the state. Her paternal grand- 
father had arrived here in 1806 and built a log cabin, which he covered 


with a clapboard roof. On one side of the roona wa.-- a large fireplace and 
the smoke made its egress through a mud and stick chimney. The floor 
and door were made of puncheon.-^ and the latter was hung upon wooden 
hinges and had a wooden laleli. Indians still vi.sited the neighborhood but 
were usually peaceable and in due course of time passed on to hunting 
grounds farther west. Wild animals roamed in the forests and every evi- 
dence of pioneer life was here found, but time and man wrought many 
changes and the McGuires bore their full share in improving and build- 
ing uj) the county. The death of William McGuire occurred January 17, 
1890, when he had reached the venerable age of eighty-two years. At the time 
of his death he was the owner of seven hundred acres of good land. He 
had long survived his wife, who passed away January 5, 1843. They were 
the parents of two children, the elder being now deceased. Unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Henderson were born two sons: William J., who was born March 
22, 1873, and died in February, 1882; and Francis J., who was born Au- 
gust 28. 1875, and married Nellie Norris, of Coshocton. 

Mr. Henderson has never been neglectful of the duties of citizenship 
but on the contrary has always given loyal support to the improvements 
and measures which he deemed would prove of general benefit. He votes 
with the republican party and for twenty-one years he did faithful service 
as a school director, the cause of education finding in him a stalwart friend. 
He belongs to the Odd Fellows lodge at Coshocton and the Grange at Oak 
Grove and both organizations cnunt liini as a v;ilned member. He is widely 
known in this county, where hi.- ciilin' life has l)een passed, and some of 
his warmest friends are those with whom he has been acquainted from 
boyhood. A life of unremitting and well directed activity has brought 
him prosperity and he is now numbered among the respected, as well as 
the most .substantial citizens of his commnnitv. 

sa:\iuet. hagans. 

Samuel Hagans, who for the past forty years has been engaged in buy- 
ing and feeding stock, being one of the most prominent stock buj^ers in 
Coshocton county, is also the owner of extensive farm lands, owning foiir 
hundred and forty acres situated in New Castle township. Mr. Hagans was 
liorn in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, January 4, 1836, and in the paternal 
line comes of and AVelsh descent, while in the maternal line he is of 
Scotch descent. 

The father, Sa,nuicl Plagans, Sr., was likewise born in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, and came to the Buckeye state in 1851. Locating in Coshocton 
county, he engaged in farming in New Castle township and dealing in 
Pennsylvania timber and became a very successful and prosperous man. He 
died in 1876 and his remains were interred in New Castle cemetery. The 
mother, who bore the maiden name of Mary Campbell, was also a native of 
Lancaster county and jias-s-ed away in 1876, Both the and niothor 



were devoted and faithful members of the Presbyterian church. Tlieir 
family numbered thirteen children, as follows: Barbara, James and John, 
all now deceased; Alexander, who is now living retired in Dutch Run; Jacob 
and Isaac, who have departed this life; Mai-garet, the widow of Allen 
Wheeler, now residing near Walhonding; Samuel, of this review; Josejih, 
who died of consumption soon after his return from the Civil war; David, 
who is an inmate of the Soldiers' Home in Dayton, Ohio; Mary, a twin of. 
David, and now the wife of Jefferson Sperow, of New Castle township; 
Martha, deceased; and George Washington, who after his return from the 
army engaged in preaching, being a gifted and fluent speaker and who died 
in Indiana. Five members of the family, David, Joseph, Isaac, John and 
George, gave loyal and valiant service to their country during the Civil war. 

Samuel Hagans acquired his early education in the common schools of 
his native state and was reared in Lancaster county to the age of fourteen 
years, when he accompanied his parents on their removal to Coshocton 
county. After coming to this section of the state he earned the money with 
which to pursue a course in Spring Mountain Academy, where he completed 
his education and started out in life well iitted for the arduous and responsi- 
ble duties which he would necessarily have to meet. His first position was 
in the capacity of clerk in his uncle's store, where he was employed for four 
years. Subsequent to that time he purchased the business, which he carried 
on successfully for three years, carrying a stock of general merchandise. 
Disposing of his stock of goods he then removed to a farm three miles east of 
New Castle and, with the exception of a yeai' and a half spent in thi.-: village, 
he has lived on his farm to the present time, owning four hundred and forty 
acres of rich and well improved land. For the past forty years he has given 
his time and attention to buying and shipping stock and is one of the most 
successful stockmen in Coshocton county, his shipments reaching a vast 
amount annually. Mr. Hagans owns a nice residence property in New Castle 
and is a stockholder in the Warsaw Bank aud in the Co.shocton Telephone 

In 1860 Mr. Hagans established a home of his own Ijy his marriage to 
Miss Mercy A. Nichols, by whom he had three children: Delia G., the wife 
of Samuel E. Bell, a farmer of New Castle township; Rachel C, the wife of 
John B, Foster, a resident farmer of Jefferson township; and one who died in 
infancy. Mrs. Hagans' father was a very wealthy landowner of Coshocton 
county, owning at the time of his death thirty-three hundred acres in New- 
castle township. Mr. Hagans was appointed by the court administrator of 
the estate and he divided the land into twenty-six different farms which Avere 
sold and the proceeds divided between the heirs, to the entire satisfaction of 
all concerned, while in this manner he contributed to the improvement of 
this section of the countj". 

Mr. Hagans was reared in the faith of the democracy but cast his 
l)residential ballot for Abraham Lincoln and has supported each candidate 
of the party since that time. He has filled several public offices, having 
served for two terms as justice of the peace, while he has also been trustee 
and trea.surer of the township. He is a Mason, belonging to the lodge at 


West Carlisle, and he attends and supports the Methodist Episcopal churph. 
Mr. Hagans may well be numbered among the prominent pioneers of Coshoc- 
ton county, for he has spent almost his entire life here, covering a period of 
fifty-seven years, and in the work of development and improvement which 
has been carried on during the past half century he has borne his full share 
and he takes a just pride in what has been accomplished, as this district has 
taken on all the evidences of an advanced civilization. He is prominent in 
business circles and is cla.ssed among the wealthy and substantial citizens 
of New Castle and Coshocton county. 

ja:\ies albert king. 

James Albert King, formerly engaged in the grocery business at .Xn. 
601 Main street, Coshocton, his native city, was born January 22, 1872. 
He is a son of William H. King, of whom mention is made in coiniection 
with the sketch of M. H. King on another page of this work. His mother, 
Mrs. Margaret King, was born in Chili, Ohio, and is still living. 

The fourth in order of birth in a family of eleven children James A. 
King spent his boyhood in Coshocton as a public-school student, devoting 
one year to study in the high school. He put a.side his text-books, liow- 
ever, at the age of fourteen and began earning his own livelihood as an 
employe of the firm of Snyder & Son, grocers, with whom he remained 
until eighteen years of age. He first served them as a delivery boy, but 
worked his way upward and gained a thorough knowledge of the biusiness. 
He afterward went to Zanesville, Ohio, where for two years and nine months 
he was employed in the grocery establishment of W. H. Harris & Sons. 
During this time he thoroughly learned the grocery trade in principle 
and detail, and on the expiration of that period he returned to Coshocton 
where he entered the employ of W. F. Ferguson & Son, also in the grocery 
line. He was with that house for two years, at the end of which time 
Snyder & Son bought back the business and Mr. King remained in their 
employ for three years. He next entered the employ of S. F. Simmons 
& Son, grocers, with whom he was associated for fifteen months, when for 
the third time he entered the service of Snyder & Son, with whom he eon- 
tinued for seven years. That the firm took him again into their service 
wa-: indicative of the fact that they regarded him as a valuable addition to 
their working force and placed in him implicit trust and confidence. 

Prompted by a laudable ambition to engage in business on his own ac- 
count Mr. King saved his earnings until his diligence and economy had 
brought him sufficient capital to enable him to engage in business for him- 
self on the 20th of July, 1904. as a member of the firm of King & AVhitens. 
When they dissolved partnership George King became the successor of the 
junior member, and the firm of King Brothers was then formed and so 
existed for nine months. In May, 1908, James A. King bought out his 
brother and continues alone to the present time. He carries a large line 


of staple and fancy groceries, liandling hi,nli grade goods and has gradu- 
ally built up a business which yields him a return that classes hiui with 
the men of affluence in Coshocton. 

On the 3d of June, 1896, Mr. King was married to Mi.-s Rose E. 
Shroyer, of Franklin township, Coshocton county. They have one sun. 
Harry Allen, born March 3, 1899. Mr. King is connected through mem- 
bership relations with the fraternal order of Eagles and the National In- 
suance Company. The republican party finds in him- an active and helpful 
supporter, and for two terms he filled the office of township trustee. He 
belongs to the Business Men's Association and is in hearty sympathy with 
its ol)ject of promoting the trade relations of Coshocton and extending 
the scope of its manufacturing and industrial activity. He deserves much 
credit for what he has accomplished in his own business career for, start- 
ing out at the age of fourteen years, he has made gradual advancement, 
depending entirely upon industry, integrity and energy to secure him pro- 
motion. His record commends him to the trust of hi.- fellowmen, and he 
deserves the success which makes him a leading grocer of his citv. 


In the field of educational and agricultural activity Joseph Haverick 
has gained prominence, for he is today numbered among the inthiential 
and honored citizens of Coshocton county. A young man. lie ]>(),-sesses 
the enterprising spirit of the west, which has been the dominant factur in 
producing the wonderful development of this section of the country. Mr. 
Haverick was born on a farm in Monroe township, Coshocton county. Sep- 
tember 30, 1873, a son of Vincent and Accy (Foster) Haverick. 

The father was born in Bavaria, Germany, and came with his parents, 
whose remains lie at Danville, Ohio, to the United States in 1831, being 
at that time a lad of fourteen years. The family located near JNIohawk, 
where the father worked at his trade of a shoemaker, having learned the 
same of his father prior to his emigration to the new world. He was first 
wedded to Miss Hester A. Majors, their marriage being celebrated in 1847. 
She was a resident of Knox county, Ohio, and following their marria<j;e they 
began their domestic life in Knox county, where they remained until is.'i:',, 
when they removed to Warsaw, Coshocton county, and here the father fol- 
lowed his trade until 1867. The wife and mother died in 1863, leaving 
eight children to mourn her lo.=s, namely; James L., who was born in 
1848, and now a resident of Creston. Union county. Iowa, where he is 
engaged in the real-estate liusine.s.-;; "William, who was born in 18r)0, and 
died in Creston, Iowa, in 1903; Mary A., who was born in 1852, and is 
now the widow of James Daugherty, a farmer of Tiverton township ; George 
H., who was born in 1854, and is now a watchman in the railroad shops 
at Omaha, Nebraska; Margaret, who was born in 185'i. and is the wife 
of John Zimmerman, of Akron, Ohio; Allie. who wa- liorn in 1858. and is 


the wife of William Myers, a farmer and thresher of Bethlehem town- 
sliiii; JawIs, who was born in 1860 and died the following year; and 
AiiuukIu, who was born in 1862 and died in 1873. The father was again 
married, April 14, 1864, this union being with Accy Foster, by whom 
he had four children: Elizabeth, who was born in 1865, and died in 
1873 ; Cornelius, who was born in 1867 and also passed away in 1873 ; 
Joseph, of this review; and Clara, who was born in 1875, and is the wife 
of James McGready, a farmer of Monroe township. In 1867, when the 
father abandoned his trade at shoemaking, be took up hLs abode in Monroe 
town.^hip and engaged in farming, which he followed until the time of 
his death, which occurred in February, 1895, when he had reached an ad- 
vanced age. The mother still survives and makes her home on the farm 
which was left her by her husband. 

Joseph Haverick acquired his early education in the district .^chooLs 
of Jefferson township, this being supplemented by study in the normal 
school at Danville, which he attended until 1892, after which he engaged 
in teaching in Monroe township and has taught in four districts of the 
township, continuing the profession to the present time. During the sum- 
mer months he gives his time and attention to farming and is now the 
owner of forty acres of the homestead property, but operates altogether 
one iunidred and forty-seven acres. He occupies a nice country residence, 
which was erected by his father, and Mr. Haverick built a substantial barn 
in 1908, so that his place is well improved. 

Mr. Haverick was married in 1897 to Miss Agnes Krownajiple, of 
Monroe township, and this union has been blessed with three children: 
Ruth, who was born in 1897; Anna, born in 1901; and Dorothy, whose 
birth occurred in 1906. Mr. Haverick gives his political support to the 
democratic party. His fraternal relations are with the Knights of Columbus 
and both he and his wife are communicants of the Catholic church. 

Mr. Haverick is deeply and actively interested in the schools and in 
this connection is doing splendid work in this section of the state, and he 
belongs to that cla-s of representative American citizens who promote the 
general ])ro,-;peritv while advancing individual interests. 


J. E. Hamilton was born in White Eyes township on the farm which 
is still his place of residence, his birth occurring January 22, 1859. His 
father, J<ihn, is mentioned on another page of this volume. The son was 
reared as a farm boy, that is, taught that industry and perseverance consti- 
tute success, and was trained toi appreciate the true value of earnest and 
honorable labor. He ma.stered the common branches of English learning 
in the public schools and when he left home he determined to follow as a 
life work the occupation to which he had been reared. He therefore bought 
a farm of fortv acres and later added to this from time to time until he 


now ciwiis two hundred and forty-three acres, constituting the oUl home 
phice. He makes a speciaUy of raising and breeding horses and cattle and 
both branches of his business are proving profitable. He keeps only high 
grades of stock and in all of his business he follows progressive methocl<, 
k('c])ing in touch with the spirit of enterprise, which is as evident in com- 
mercial lines as in other departments of business activity. 

On the 8th of October. 1885, Mr. Hamilton was united in marriage 
to Miss Zelnia A. Boyd, who was born August 18, 1861, in Coshocton 
county, a daughter of Robert R. and Mary Ann (Johnson) Boyd. Her 
father's birth occurred in County Donegal, Ireland, in August, 1811, and 
his parents were Robert and Jane (Ramsey) Boyd, who, about the year 
1825, brought their family to America and .settled in Coshocton county, 
Ohio. It was a wild pioneer district, in which the work of civilization and 
development seemed scarcely begun. Robert Boyd entered land from the 
government and upon his claim built a log cabin, while he cleared and 
improved his farm, bringing the place under a high state of cultivation 
and making this a valuable property. It is .still in possession of the Boyd 
family. Robert R. Boyd, father of Mrs. Hamilton, gave his entire life 
to general agricultural jmrsuit-^. carrying on diversified farming, ruul through 
his well directed labors and unfaltering perseverance gained a handsome 
competency. He w^as marired May 23, 1839, to Miss Mary Ann Johnson, 
a daughter of Robert and Jane (Stephenson) Johnson, who were of Irish 
descent. They settled in Coshocton at an early day and here Mi's. Mary 
Ann Boyd was born and reared. 

In hi-^. iiolitical views Mr. Boyd was a republican. Both he and his 
wife enjoyed the high regard of all who knew them and in the community 
where they lived they had many friends. Their family numbered fourteen 
children: William J., who married Elmira Elliott 'and resides in Mis- 
souri : Jane, the wife of Thomas Hamilton, who is living in White Eyes 
township: Richard, deceased; Samuel F., who married Elizabeth Brown and 
is living in White Eyes township: Robert A., who w-edded Mary Jane Mc- 
Murray and makes his home in Marion county, Ohio; Mary Ann, the wife 
of Alexander Adams, of Keene township, this county; Caroline, decea.sed; 
Hester Ellen, the wife of James B. Elliott, of Coshocton; Elizabeth, the wife 
of John Clark, of this covmty; Daniel, who married as his first wife Matilda 
Compton. and after her death married Augu.sta Crawford and resides in 
Coshocton: Erastus, who married Mary Elizabeth Hamilton, of Keene town- 
shi]). this county; Zelma. the wife of .J. E. Hamilton; Carvetta, the wife of 
Samuel Crawford, of Coshocton county; and Everett, who married Lucy 
Maxwell and makes his home in White Eyes town.ship. The marriage of 
Mr. and i\Irs. Hamilton has been blessed with five children, but they lost 
their firstborn. Clarence R. The other.s are: Bernice C. a graduate of 
the Fresno high school ; Mary Gladys, wdio is a .student in the Fresno high 
school: Thomas Herbert and Guida Augusta, who are also in school. 

The parents hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal church of 
Fresno and are people of general worth, enjoying in large measure the 
confidence, respect and friendship of those with w'hom they have been as- 


sociated. llr. Hamilton also belongs to the Modern Woodmen camp of 
Fresno, 'i'lic rciiul)liean party finds in him a stalwart supporter. He has 
been an interested witness of the growth and development of the county for 
almost half a century and rejoices in what has been accomplished here, 
while throughout his entire life he has borne his full share in the work 
of development. 


Energy, iier.-everance and determination constitute the ba.sis of success 
in the life of Jacob C. Balo, who now owns and operates one hundred and 
fifty acres of valuable land in Virginia township. He was born in Canton 
Berne, Switzerland, and is one of .seven children, whose parents were Francis 
and Elizabeth (Strom) Balo. The French way of spelling the name is Belot. 
The father was of French and the mother of German ancestry, the family 
speaking the latter language. The family emigrated to the new world in 
August, 1853, and landing in New York city, they made their way by rail 
to Buffalo, thence by boat to Cleveland, and from the latter city by canal 
boat, landing near Adams Mills, in same school district where our subject 
now lives. They were in limited financial circumstances and, although the 
father and his two oldest sons secured work on the construction of the Penn- 
sylvania railroad soon after arriving here, they were never paid for their 
labor. Soon sickness came into the home, ague being prevalent in the com- 
munity at that time, and the father, mother and five of the seven children, 
were ill at one time, and the daughter, Annie, died from 
the disease. The family could not speak a word of English and during their 
siege of illness their funds were entirely exhausted, so that the members 
of the household were reduced to want but the public authorities came to 
their relief and they were then supplied with the necessities of life. The 
family, however, worked with a purpose to succeed and as. soon as 
their health was recuperated the father and two oldest sons secured work at 
farm labor for Samuel Rice. They worked on undeterred by the obstacles 
in their path and in due course of time through their economy and dili- 
gence they saved a sum sufiicient to enable them to engage in farming on 
their own account and this was the beginning of a prosperous career for 
Jacob C. Balo. However, at the time of the Civil war the sons put aside all 
business and personal considerations and enlisted for service. Abraham was 
killed during the war but David and Stephen returned and settled in Yir- 
ginia township, where they became prosperous farmers. David still sur- 
vives but Stephen has pas.sed away. 

Jacob C. Balo was the fifth child in the family. He Avas but nine 
years of age when he began work at farm labor for Samuel Rice. He com- 
menced at the time of corn planting and worked until the harvest, re- 
ceiving as compensation his dinner each day and at the end of the season 
was given a suit of clothes, which about seven dollars. Later ho was 


employed by John Marquand, receiving for his sen'ice,? his board and seven 
dollars in money per month. When his father engaged in farming, the 
son retnrned home and assisted in the operation of . the homestead 
farm. Dnring all this time he attended school for a few weeks during the 
winter months and after reaching mature ye.are he added to his knowledge 
through observation, experience and reading, so that he is today a well in- 
formed man. He has prospered in his work as the years have passed by and 
today owns and operates one hundred and fifty acres, situated in Virginia 
township, which has been his home since 1869, or almost a half century. It 
is supplied with a nice home and substantial outbuildings for the shelter of 
grain and stock, and each year he adds greatly to his financial resources 
through the sale of his stock and the abundant harvests which he gathers. 

Mr. BaJo established a home of his own on the 25th of October, 1866, 
when he wedded Miss Marinda Tilton, a daughter of Joseph and Susan 
(Miller) Tilton. Their union ha-: been bles-sed with eleven children, of whom 
two are deceased, the record being as follows: William F. : Edwin ^M. : Ida 
il., now the wife of William Frost; Emma, the wife of Benjamin (). Taylor; 
Harry P.; Nellie; Jesse; Stacy; Susan and Roe, who have departed this life; 
and Ray. 

Mr. Balo gives his political .-upport to the democratic party aiid lakes 
a deep and active interest in ]iul)lic affairs. For twenty-seven years lie served 
as a member of the school b(uird and refused to serve longer. In 18!)!) he 
was elected a member of the Ijoard of county commissioners, serving for two 
terms, or six years. His religious faith is indicated by his member.-hi]) in 
the Presbyterian church at Adams Mills, of which he has been an elder foi 
the past twenty years. He has always been a robust man and the longest 
time be was ever incapacitated for labor was when in October. IST'l. he ac- 
cidentally injured his knee when cutting corn. For a time he continued 
work Ijut later the injury grew more .serious and he was confined to his bed. 
until the following February. At one time it was thought amputation would 
be necessary but Mr. Balo strongly objected, and although he still feels the 
ill effects, he can get around and is able to perform much arduous labor. 
Since he left the fatherland to identify himself with American life and in- 
stitutions, he has pushed his way lo the front and is a credit alike to the 
land of his birth and that of his adoption, being numbered among the sub- 
stantial citizens of CrislKictnn cninitv. 


Henry F. Hains is a worthy representative of one of the oldest pioneer 
families of Coshocton county and l!iMlf(ird town.ship. representatives of the 
name having lived here since 1811. in which year the farm which is now 
owned by our subject was entered from the government by the paternal 
grandfather, Henrj^ Hains, who came here from Licking county, this state, 
whence he had removed the year previous from Bedford county, Pennsyl- 


vania. The parents of our subject, Levi and Lucinda (Ti'(nitiiian) Hains, 
were farming people, highly respected in the community in which they 
so long made their home. In their family were the following children : 
Norman, a farmer of Texas; Leonard and Sarah, deceased; Mary E., the 
wife of Nathan Price, who follows farming in Bedford township; J. T., who 
is engaged in farming in Cherokee county, Kansas; J. R., a resident of 
Bedford township; Benjamin, a farmer of this township; Leander, who 
also follows farming here; Henry F., of this review; Charles, who is men- 
tioned elsewhere in this work; and Isabel, the wife of A. G. Reed, a farmer of 
Bedford township. Both the parents are now deceased, the mother pa.ssing 
away October 24, 1892, at the age of seventy-four years, while the father, 
surviving for about ten years, died June 29, 1902, at the very advanced 
age of eighty-five years. More extended mention of the family is made in 
connection with the sketches of C. N. and Benjamin Hains, elsewhere in 
this work. 

Henry F. Hains, the seventh son and ninth in order of birth in the 
father's family, was born on the farm which is now his home, July 11, 
1860. He was educated in the district schools near his father's home and 
was early trained to the duties of the home farm, assisting his father from 
the time of early spring planting until the crops were harvested in the 
late autumn. When starting out in life on his own acount he chose the 
occupation to which he had been reared and has made this his life work. 
He now owns the homestead property, comprising one hundred and seven 
acres of well improved land, and devotes his time and attention to general 
farming, in which he is meeting with a gratifying measure of success. 

The e.-tiniable wife of Mr. Hains, whom he wedded in 1892, bore the 
maiden name of Miss Rose McCurdy, w^ho has become the mother of two 
sons and a daughter: Emmet 0., Beulah R. and Raymond D., all at home. 
Mr. Hains supports the men and measures of the republican party, and for 
three years capably served as trvistee of Bedford township. His wife holds 
membership relations with the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Hains 
through his honorable and straightforward dealing fully merits the high 
regard in which the family has always been held, and he has worked his 
way upward in the business world, until today he is classed among Bedford 
township's substantial agriculturists. 


Valentine Hothem, who successfully folloAvs agricultural pursuits in 
Adams township, was born in Germany, October 30, 1843, his parents being 
Frederick and Margaret Hothem. In the year 1850 the father emigrated 
to the LTnited States, locating in White Eyes township, Coshocton county, 
Ohio, where he purchased fifty acres of land. 

Valentine Hothem acquired his education in an old log schoolhouse 
and remained under the ]iarental roof until lie had attained his majority. 


On reaching man's e.'^tate he boii,u,hl a tract of fifty acres liere, and later 
adddl to liis (irininal inirclia.^e until hi.< holdings now comprise one hun- 
dred an<l fdur acre.-; of rich and ]iri)duetive farming land in Achuns (own- 
shij), in the cultivation of which he has met with well merited prosperity. 
He likewise makes a specialty of raising horses and is the owner of a horse 
of the Percheron breed. In the conduct of his agricultural interests he has 
ever displayed unremitting industry and unfaltering perseverance, and he 
is numbered among the enterprising and progressive citizens of the com- 

Mr. Hothcm has been married twice. When twenty-one year.- of age 
he wedded Miss Phebe Bahnier, a native of Tuscarawas county. She wa.s 
one of a family of eight children that reached maturitj', and wa> called 
to her final rest in 1878, leaving seven children to mourn her loss, namely : 
Fred V., a resident of this county; Adam A'., at home; William V., of 
Adams township; Albert and Andrew, who arc also at home; Clara, the 
wife of Ed Petcher, of Canton, Ohio; and Phelje, who is living with her 
father. For his second wife Mr. Hothem chose Miss Elizabeth Reif, whose 
birth occurred in Tu.scara.was county in 1859, her parents being Fred and 
Susan (Yungi) Reif, natives of Switzerland, who emigrated to America in 
an early day. The father pa.'ised away in 1892 but the mother is still liv- 
ing, having attained the age of eighty-one years. Mi-s. Hothem was one of 
a family of six children and by her marriage has become the mother of 
eight: Bertha M., Pearl, Ruth E.. Walter H., Clayton W., Susan, Olive L. 
and Ruth C. 

In his political views ^Ir. Ilothem is a stalwart democrat but has no 
desire for the honors nor emoluments of office. Both he and his wife are 
devoted and faithful members of the German Reform church and have 
gained the warm regard and esteem of all with whom they have come 
in contact. For fifty-eight years he has been a resident of this county and 
is therefore largely familiar with its annals from a pioneer period down 
to the present, having been an interested witness and active ]iarticipant 
in the work of development and improvement. 


Nicholas Barrick, successfully engaged in farming and stock-raising in 
White Eyes township, was born in Crawford township, Coshocton county, 
Ohio, March 13, 1842, his parents being Frederick and Catherine (Storm) 
Barrick, the former a native of Harrison county. Ohio, and the latter of 
Pennsylvania. The father, who carried on agricultural pursuits through- 
out his active business career, came to Crawford township in 1840 and here 
made his home until called to his final rest in 1886, when he had attained 
the age of eighty years. His wife pa.ssed away in 1895 at the age of eighty- 
three years. Their family numbered nine children, four of whom still 
survive, namelv: Lewis, of Bakersville, Ohio: Nicholas, of this review; 


Israel, a reiident of Brazil, Indiana: and Elizaljeth, the wife of John Berger, 
of Crawford township. 

Nicholas Barrick was reared on the home farm and attended the district 
schools as opportunity offered. On the 21st of October, 1864, he enlisted 
for service in the Union army as a member of Company C, Seventy-eighth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was honorably discharged on the 11th of 
July, 1865. Subsequent to his marriage he began farming, operating a 
tract of rented land in Mill Creek township for nineteen years. On the 
expiration of that period he w-as engaged in agricultural pursuits in Jef- 
ferson township for four years, making his home near Warsaw. Subse- 
quently he purchased a small farm of fifty acres in Knox county, Ohio, 
but after four years sold the property and returned to Coshocton county, 
where he bought a place of one hundred and fifty-six acres in New Castle 
township. This he successfully cultivated until the spring of 1906, when he 
sold the land and purchased his present farm of seventy acres in White 
Eyes township. In addition to the work of general farming he also carries 
on stock-raising, and is widely recognized as a prosperous and enteiprising 
agriculturist of the community. 

In August, 1867, Mr. Barrick was united in marriage to Miss Susannah 
Ames, whose birth occurred April 3, 1850, her parents being Henry and 
Malinda (Smith) Ames. She was one of a family of ten children, nine of 
whom are still living. Mr. and Mrs. Barrick have four children: Mary J., 
the widow of Harland Bower, by whom she had one son, Harland, who is 
at home; Henry, of Jefferson township; Malinda, the wife of Homer Turner, 
of Keene township; and George E., likewise a resident of Keene township. 

In his political view-s Mr. Barrick is a stanch republican, while his re- 
ligious faith is indicated by his membership in St. John's Episcopal church, 
with which his wife is also identified. He is likewise affiliated with the 
Grand Army of the Republic at Keene, thus maintaining pleasant relations 
with his old armv comrades. 


Z. T. Humphrey owns one hundred and sixty acres of land in Tiver- 
ton township and follows farming, which has always been his life work. 
He was born in Coshocton county, November 10, 1846, a son of William 
and Elizabeth (McMan) Humphrey. The paternal grandfather, William 
Humphrey, was a major in the Revolutionary war and lived in the east 
near Narraganset Bay. His son, William, Jr., was born near Providence, 
Rhode Island, and was a sailor on the ocean between Narraganset Bay and 
the West Indies for twelve years. After leaving the sea. he came to Co- 
shocton county and engaged in farming until the time of his death. Janu- 
ary 28, 1865. He had three sons who seized in the Civil war: John, who 
served three years and five months, being a member of Company F, Eightieth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry; George W., who was a member of Company G, 
One Hundred and Twenty-second Ohio ^'olnntoor Infantry, and served two 


years and nine month.<; and J. M., who .■served more than two years, first 
onliating in the Fifth Illinois Cavalry and later in Company M, Ninth Ohio 
Cavalry. The mother of our subject, was born in Butler county, Ohio, but 
was married in Coshocton county. She became the mother of four children, 
two sons and two daughters: Sarah, the wife of H. P. Russel, now living 
retired in Iowa; Z. T., of this review; Mary, the wife of Alonzo Spurgeon, 
a farmer of Tiverton township; and Thomas, who has departed this life. 
The mother passed away in 1903, having reached an advanced age. and her 
remams were buried in Tiverton cemetery. 

Z. T. Humphrey, the eldest son and second member of the family, 
acquired his early education in the district schools of Tiverton township 
and afterward attended a select school at Spring Mountain. He assisted his 
father in the operation of the home farm until the latter's death, after which 
he assumed the management of the farm for his mother, remaining with 
her until he was thirty-six years old. He then engaged in farming on his 
own account, first in Perry township, operating rented land for four years. 
He then purchased one hundred and sixty acres in Tiverton township, which 
constitutes his present place of residence. He has made all the improve- 
ments here and has erected all of the buildings on the place, making it a 
valuable property, while its neat appearance indicates his progressive and 
enterprising methods. He is practical in his work and is meeting with a 
splendid measure of succe.-=s. 

Mr. Humphrey established a home of his own in 1873, when he wedded 
Miss Eliza J. Cooper, a resident of Coshocton county. They have become 
the parents of six children but one of the number is deceased: Hattie, the 
wife of Willis Worthman, who follows farming in Tiverton towmship; Carl 
and Edna, twins, the former a farmer of this township, and the latter de- 
ceased: W. C. a farmer of Orn-ille. Ohio: and Blanch and Bernice, twins, 
at home. 

Mr. Humphrey gives his political supjiort to the men and measures of 
the republican party, while his religious faith is indicated by his member- 
ship in the Disciples church, of which his wife and family are also mem- 
bers, and of which he is an elder. He thoroughly enjoys home life and 
takes great pleasure in the society of his family and friends. He is always 
courteous, kindly and affable, and those who know him personally have for 
him warm regard. His life is exemplary in all respect.^ and the people of 
Coshocton county are proud to call him their own. 


Lewis Bible, a successful and well known agriculturist of Keene town- 
ship, was born in Co.«hocton county, Ohio, September 15, 1864, his parents 
being Adam and Elizabeth (Clark) Bible, also natives of this county. The 
father passed away in 1875 but the mother is still living on the home farm. 
Their family numbered four children: Mary J., the wife of George Morris, 


of Coshocton county; Benton, a rc-^idrnt ni (icorgia; Lewis, of this review; 
and Edith F., tlie wife of George Hall, of lliis county. 

T>cwis Bible acquired a common-school education and remained at home 
until hi' had attained his majority. He then rented his mother's farm for 
two year.- and on the expiration of that period purcha.sed a part of the old 
home farm, on which he lived tor live year.-. Subsequently be operated the 
M. G. Hack farm for four yt'ars luid then bought the place where he now 
lives, comprising one hundred and fifty-six acres of rich and productive land. 
His landed holdings now include two hundred and nine acres in Keene and 
Jackson townships, and in the conduct of his farming interests he displays 
untiring energy and good management, the fields annually yielding golden 
harvests in return for the care and labor wdiich he bestows upon them. 

In 1885 Mr. Bible w:i.< unitid in marriage to Miss Mary L. Harris, whose 
birth occurred in Roanokr, Indiana, Fc'l)ruary 21, 1869, her parents being 
Robert H. and Elizabeth (.Jones) Harris, the former born in Holmes county, 
September 22, 1S44, and the latter in Coshocton county in 1848. Robert 
H. Harris, who had a family of ten children, now makes his home in this 
county. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Bibls have been born five children: Etta A., 
Benton. Robert C, Bernice M. and James Adam. 

In his political views Mr. Bible is a stalwart republican and is highly 
esteemed as a pro.-perous and public-spirited citizen of his native county. 
His interests are thoroughly identified with those of Coshocton county and 
at all times he is ready to lend hi- aid and cooperation to any movement 
calculated to benefit his section of the country or advance its wonderful 


Prosser T. Bluck belongs to that class of representative men who rapidly 
discern opportunities of advancement and who are rapidly forging to the 
front. He was born in Linton township, Coshocton county, and in his youth 
accompanied his parents on their removal to Jefferson county, this state, this 
l>eing in the year 1869. He later took up his abode in Co.shocton county and 
operated ■ rented land for nineteen years, while in 1905 he removed to his 
present farm in Oxford township, having purchased the same in 1901. This 
tract consists of two hundred and forty-one acres, all of which has been placed 
luider a high state of cultivation. He carries on general agricultural pur- 
suits and makes a specialty of breeding horses and other stock, keeping only 
high grades. In this connection, he has become widely known not only in 
his home locality but in various sections of Coshocton county and the state. 
He deserves great success for what he has accomplished in a business way, 
for all that he today possesses has been acquired through his own well 
directed labors, careful management and honorable and straightforward 

Mr. Bluck established a home of his own by his marriage in 1889 to 
Miss Charlotte Marlatt. who wa- born in Linton fown.-hip in lS(i4, a daugh- 


ter of William and Leniigia (Starts) Marlatt. both of wlioiii are imw de- 
ceased. Mrs. Bluck is one of a family of ten children and liy her marriage 
has become the mother of three children, of whom two died in infancy. The 
surviving member of the family is Asa, who was born October 4. 1890. and 
is now a youth of eighteen years living with his parents. 

Mr. Bluck's study of the political questions and issues of the day has 
led him to give stalwart support to the men and measures of democracy since 
age conferred upon him the right of franchise. His fraternal relations are 
Avith the K. P. lodge, No. 102, at New Comerstown and with the Modern 
Woodmen of America. He is also identified with the Grange. He has pros- 
pered from year to year, and has conducted all busine.s,s matters carefully 
and successfully, and in all his acts displays an aptitude for successful man- 
agement. He has not permitted the accumulation of wealth to affect in any 
way his actions toward those less fortunate, and he has always a cheerful 
word and a pleasant smile for all with whom he comes in contact. 


The road of opportunity i.- always open to the individual who will but 
recognize it, and it has been in following this path that Charles W. Loos 
has advanced from a humble position in the business world to a place 
where he now ranks among the leading and prosperous residents of Co- 
shocton. He i-^ conducting a real-estate and insurance office here and ha.~ 
a large clientage in both lines, building up a business which has come a.s 
the result of his close application, earnest purpose and unfaltering diligence. 

He was born in Plainfield, this county, February 28, 1868, his parents 
being Martin H. and Anna J. (Wiggins) Loos. The father was born in 
the old log house in which his son Charles was reared. The structure is 
still standing but has since been weatherboarded. The paternal grandfather 
was a native of Germany and was one of the first settlers in Plainfield on 
that section of the county, aiding in transforming a wild and unimproved 
region into a district of rich fertility. Martin H. Loos continued to culti- 
vate the old home farm for many years or until his retirement from active 
business life, when he removed to Coshocton, where both he and his Avife 
passed away. Mrs. Loos was also born in the vicinity of Plainfield and repre- 
sented one of the early families there. 

Charles W. Loos spent his boyhood under the parental roof and at- 
tended the public schools, but as early as his fourteenth year entered upon 
an apprenticeship to the house painter's trade. After completing his term 
of indenture he was connected with the business in Coshocton for eighteen 
years and for fifteen years of that time was a contracting painter, employ- 
ing at times as many as fifteen men. He built up a business of large magni- 
tude, becoming one of the most prominent contracting painters of the county. 
He also executed many contracts in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and other cities, 
for his ability and business enterprise made him widely known and brought to 


him a most gratifying business. In 1901, however, he withdrew from the 
field of activity in which he had spent so many years and has since given his 
attention to the real-estate and insurance business. He is known to some 
extent as a speculative builder, having erected many residence properties 
for sale in this city, his operations in this line being more extensive during 
the past five years than those of any other one man. 

In 1890 Mr. Loos was married to Miss Ella Marshall, of Coshocton, 
and they have two sons, Walter and Arthur, both at home. Mr. Loos be- 
longs to Coshocton Lodge, No. 376, B. P. O. E., Fidelity Lodge, No. 135, 
K. P., and to the Methodist Episcopal church — associations which indicate 
much of his character and the rules which govern his life. His political 
allegiance i.> given to the republican party, yet he has never been an office 
seeker. His patrimony when he started in life was sixty dollars and he is 
tnily a self-made man, who has worked for opportunities which other boys 
secure through inheritance. He has always been a man of action rather 
than theory, fonns his plans readily and is determined in their execution. 
Honored and respected by all, he occupies an enviable position in busi- 
ness circles, not only by reason of the success he has achieved but also owing 
to the honorable, straightforward business policy he has ever followed. 
Perhaps no biography given in this volume illustrates more clearly the value 
of character and the ready utilization of opportunity than does this of 
Charles W. Loos. 


No history of Coshocton county would be complete without mention of 
the Loos famil}', for through more than three-quarters of a century the 
farm upon which our subject now resides has been owned by them. It was 
here that Isaac Loos was born October 6, 1830, the only living child of John 
and Catherine (Hager) Loos, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania. 
His boyhood and youth were spent under the parental roof, and through 
the summer months he assisted in the work of the fields, early becoming 
familiar with the arduous task of tilling the soil until crops were harvested 
in the late autumn. He accjuired his education in a little log cabin school- 
house with the puncheon floor and primitive furnishings, and the methods 
of instruction were very crude as compared with those of the present day. 
When twenty-five years of age he began farming for himself on a part of 
his father's land, and he still owns thirty acres of the old homestead which 
is now being operated by his son. For years he continued active in the 
work of the farm, bringing his fields under a high state of cultivation and 
adding various important improvements to the place. But, now, at the age 
of seventy-eight years he is living retired, enjoying that rest which should 
always crown a long period of faithful and well directed labor. 

Mr. Loos was married in 1856 to Miss Sarah Magnets, who was born 
in Linton township. Novombor 11, lS3'fi, a daughter of rJeorae 


and Mary (Evans) ^Magnc^.s, who were natives of Pennsylvania. The father 
was a soldier of the war of 1812 and, being wounded in liatlli-. liis leg was 
amputated at the knee. Notwithstanding thi.< liandieaji in a liiisines,~ eareer, 
he came to Coshocton at an early day and met with good success in his under- 
takings. As he prospered from year to year he added to his holdings, until 
he became the owner of an extensive and valuable tract of land. Unto him 
and his wafe were born a daughter and son, the latter being Fielding, a resi- 
dent of California. The daughter is Mrs. Loos, who is now a most estimable 
old lady and one with whom it is a pleasure to meet. Hers is an interesting 
hLstory, for in her life there has been performed a remarkable cure. She 
was at one time a great .sufferer from nei-vous trouble, and, in fact, her nerves 
were in such condition that she could not stand to hear anyone chop wood in 
the yard, while the crowing of a rooster near the house would cause her to 
scream, nor could she endure to have anyone walk in the house with their 
shoes on. She was cured by faith, through her prayers to and belief in God, 
and her cure was instantaneous. Again she experienced a remarkable re- 
covery from physical ailment. Two years ago she fell and broke her limb 
in three places and is now entirely well. She is one to whom the name 
mother seems a fitting title, owing to the care and kindliness which mark 
her management of the household. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Loos there were liorn 
four children: Miss Alice Gardner, who is now living in Newark, Ohio; 
Fielding, of Coshocton; Samuel, at home; and Clayton, also of Coshocton. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Loos are members of the Methodist Protestant church 
and are con.sistent church people, whose well spent lives have ^\on for them 
high regard. He has always voted with the republican party, but has never 
sought nor desired office, prefemng to give his attention to his business affairs. 
He has led a useful and active life, and now is one of the most respected 
among the venerable citizens of the community. 


Prosper C. Royer, manager for the Postal Telegraph Company at dishoc- 
ton, where he is also engaged in the real-estate and insurance Kusiuc-s wa.- 
born in Franklin township, Coshocton county, October 10, 1875, a son of 
Prosper and Mary (Trenor) Royer, who wa- mentioned elsewhere in this 
volume. The interests of the home farm were his until he reached his .seven- 
teenth year. He had in the meantime been trained in the work of the fields 
and had received his mental discipline in the country schools. He came to 
Coshocton at the age of sixteen and from that time on has been dependent 
entirelj' upon his own resources, so that whatever success he has achieved is 
attributable to his persistent and earnest labor. He was first employed as 
messenger boy in the office of the AVestern Union Telegraph Company and 
he also took up the study of telegraphy, mastering the key sufficiently in the 
short period of six months to enable him to accept a position at the end of 
that time with the railroad company at Walhonding. He remained there for 


a little less than a year, after which he returned to Coshocton to take charge 
of the Western Union office, which he had entered as a messenger boj' less 
than a year and a half before. This position was given him on trial and his 
work was so satisfactory that he remained in charge of the Coshocton office 
for six years. He then resigned and went to Cleveland in the employ of the 
Postal Telegraph Cable Company, but after a year spent in that city again 
came to Coshocton, where for two or three years he was engaged in the grocery 
business on his own account. He had so ably represented the Postal Tele- 
graph Cable Company, however, that the corporation again sought his serv- 
ices, soliciting him to take charge of the Coshocton office. Late in 1900 he 
entered upon his duties in that position and has since thus served. During 
these years he has also been prominently connected with the real-estate and 
insurance business in Coshocton, employing an a.ssistant to aid him in the 
conduct of his interests in this regai'd. He has negotiated many important 
realty transfers, has written a large amount of insurance and in fact has con- 
trolled a successful business of this character. 

In 1897 occurred the marriage of Mr. Rover and Miss Mary Baohmann, 
whose father was formerly a contractor and stonemason of Coshocton, but 
is now deceased. Unto Mr. and Mi-s. Royer were born four children, of whom 
three are living: Joseph P., Albert and Leo E. 

In his political views Mr. Royer is a democrat where national issues are 
involved but casts an independent local ballot. He is a communicant of the 
Catholic church and of the Knights of Columbus. His business career has 
been marked by steady progress as the result of the thoroughness with which 
he accomplishes anything that he undertakes. His views are sound in rela- 
tion to in.surance and real-estate business and few men are better informed con- 
cerning the properties on the market or their correct values. 

P. J. FOX. 

Few men are more prominent or more widely known in the enterprising 
little city of Walhonding than Mr. Fox. He is an important factor in its 
busines.s circles, conducting a hardware and implement business, which is now 
one of the chief concerns of this place. Mr. Fox was born in Tiverton town- 
•ship, Coshocton county, December 17, 1865, and is the youngest of six chil- 
dren born of the marriage of Phillip F. and Philopena (Heck) Foy. The 
father was born in Rhine, Bavaria, Germany, and the mother was also born 
in that country. They were there reared and married, emigrating to the 
United States in the early '40s. Upon reaching American shores they estab- 
lished their home in New York city, where for six years the father followed 
his trade of a cabinetmaker. He then removed to Dutch Run, Tiverton town- 
ship, Coshocton county, and in connection with the trade of cabinetmaker fol- 
lowed carpentering and also manufactured coffins. He was numbered among 
the prominent pioneer settlers of thL« section of the state and died here Sep- 
tember 16, 1905. his remains being interred in Dutch Run cemeterv. The 


mother preceded him to her final rest, her death occiu'ring December 27, 
1889. Their family numbered six children, as follows; Phillip F., who died 
when a youth of eight years eight months and twenty-eight days; Phoebe, 
who departed this life November 27. 1905, and was buried at Canal Dover, 
Ohio; Daniel PI. and John, who follow farming in Tiverton township; Bar- 
bara, the wife of Charles Petry, a resident of Dutch Run; and P. J., of this 

P. J. Fox, whose name introduces this record, wa* educated in the dis- 
trict schools of Tiverton township and was reared on the home farm to the 
age of thirteen years. He then engaged in the hardware and implement 
business and in the years which have come and gone he has built up an 
extensive enterprise. He has since added a line of buggies and wagons and 
now carries a complete stock of hardware, agricultural implements and heavy 
machinery, his patronage being drawn not only from AValhonding but from 
the surrounding territory as well. He owns the building in which he con- 
ducts business and also owns two houses and eight lots in the village. His 
success is well merited, for it has come as the result of honorable effort and 
sound judgment. 

Mr. Fox establi.-hed a home of his own by his marriage in 1893 to Miss 
Louisa C. A'an Kennel, a resident of Monroe township, Coshocton county. 
Thtir marriage has been blessed with three children: Alvan B., Opal Pearl 
and Willis, all under the parental roof. Mr. Fox gives his political support 
to the democratic party and has sei'ved as a member of the school board for 
two and a half years. His fraternal relations are with the Modern "Wood- 
men of America, and he and his wife are members of the German Evangelical 
church. He has ever been watchful of all the details of his business and 
of all indications pointing to success, and today he has gained a success that 
classes him among the prominent and substantial business men of this sec- 
tion of the state. 


William E. Richcreek is cla-s-ed among the wealthy landholders of 
Codhocton county, owning four hundred acres of the rich land for which 
this section of the state is noted. His possessions lie in Jackson township 
and here he gives his time and attention to general farming and stock-rais- 
ing. Mr. Richcreek was born in Bedford town.ship, December 20, 1861, a 
son of David W. and Nancy (Tidball) Richcreek. The father was born in 
A'irginia and was a farmer by occupation, while the birth of the mother oc- 
curred in the Keystone state. Both reached advanced years, the father pass- 
ing away May 29, 1880, when seventy-nine years of age, while the mother 
died May 3, 1907. at the very advanced age of eighty-five years. 

AVilliam E. Richcreek pursued his studies in the district schools, wherein 
he gained a good knowledge of the English branches, and his employment 
during the period of his boyhood and youth was farm labor on the home- 


stead i^roperty He has always made this his life work, being engaged in 
farming on his own account in Bedford township for a number of years, 
while in 1907 he took up his abode on his present tract of land in Jackson 
township, his possessions embracing four hundred acres. This is a well 
improved property, supplied with all niodt'rn conveniences and accessories, 
and Mr. Richcreek follows modern mclhdds of agriculture, so that his efforts 
are attended Avith good results. 

Mr. Richcreek was married September 19, 1887, to Miss Sarah M. 
McCoy, a daughter of Henry and Martha (Roberts) McCoy. The home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Richcreek has been blessed with eight children: Henry G., 
Harrison D., Nannie B., Ralph DeWitt, deceased; Welcome E., Lester E., 
Spencer, Willard and Delia. 

Mr. Richcreek is a republican, stanch in his advocacy of the principles 
of the party. For several terms he has served as a member of the district 
board of education but otherwise has neither sought nor desired political 
preferment. He manifests a deep interest in the educational, moral and 
substantial improvement of his home locality and, while in his private busi- 
ness interests he has prospered, he has not allowed the accumulation of a 
competence to affect in any way his actions toward those less successful than 
he and he has always a hearty greeting for those with whom he conies in 


The legal iirotVs-^ion demands not only a high order of ability but also 
a rare combination of talents, learning, tact, patience and industry. The 
succassful lawyer must be a man of well balanced intellect, thoroughly 
familiar with the law and practice and of comprehensive general informa- 
tion. Possessing all the requisite qualities necessary for advancement at the 
bar, W. S, Merrell has worked his way steadily upward since becoming a 
representative of the legal fraternity in Coshocton and is today numbered 
among its most distinguished members. 

William S. Merrell was born in Millersburg, Holmes county, Ohio, 
October 17, 1869, and is one of a family of eight children, seven of whom 
survive, whose parents were John C. and Jane (Patterson) Merrell. The 
father, whose birth occurred in Mill Creek township, this county, March 18, 
1844, was a son of David and Elizabeth (Aultman) Merrell, the former a 
native of Maryland and the latter of western Pennsylvania. The grand- 
parents came to Coshocton county in pioneer times with their respective 
parents, the family homes being established in Mill Creek township, where 
David Merrell and Elizabeth Aultman grew to adult age and were married. 
He devoted his attention to farming and also to dealing in timber and lum- 

In the county of his nativity John ('. ^Merrell .-iicnt the days of his boy- 
hood and vouth and in earlv life learned the cariienter's trade. After being 

W. s. :\IERRELL 


employed by otlier.s for .-^ome time he engam'd in coiitraetiii.Li; on his own 
account and for a long period was identitied with building operations. For 
ten years prior to his death, however, he engaged in the lumber busines.s 
in Coshocton. His political support was given to the democratic party. For 
some time he served as a member of the city council, talcing an active part 
in promoting the measures which he deemed beneficial in furthering the 
interests of the city. He was also a very active and helpful member of the 
Presbyterian church and for many years served as one of its deacons. AVhile 
he was a representative and successful business man and thus contributed 
in substantial measure to the material development of the county he always 
found time for active cooperation in the movements for the political, social 
iuid moral progress. His life was guided by manly principles and lofty pur- 
]ioses and when he was called to his final rest on the 11th of Augaist, 1901, 
his death was the occasion of deep and widespread regret. His wife, w-ho 
was born in Mill Creek townshi^D, April 25, 1849, was a daughter of Benja- 
min and Hannah (Leach) Patterson, the former a native of western Penn- 
sylvania, and the latter of Washington county, Ohio. Several of the Patterson 
brothel's came to Coshocton to establish homes, their father having pre- 
ceded them and selected and entered the land which became the j^roperty 
of his sons. The Pattersons are a very numerous family and their annual 
reunions bring together about eight or ten hundred representatives of the 
name. Airs. Jane (Patterson) Merrell still survives her husband and is yet 
a resident of Coshocton. Her living children are: Harvey E.. who is 
employed in the Piano "Works of Coshocton ; William S. ; Lewis W. ; a black- 
smith of Coshocton; Delbert W., a Methodist Episcopal minister now at 
Quaker City, Ohio: John C, a telephone in.«pector. residing at Canton. Ohio; 
Florence A., a teacher in the schools of Coshocton • and Lucy E., who is also 
employed as a teacher here. 

William S. Merrell spent his boyhood days in his parents' home and 
acquired a public-school education, which he completed on his graduation 
from the Coshocton high school with the class of 1890. He then began 
teaching in Alill Creek township and boarded with his grandparents. Within 
eighteen ]nonth.s he had saved enough to pay his way for one year in the, 
Ohio State University at Columbus, and devoted the .succeeding twelve 
montlis to study in that institution. As his funds were then exhausted he 
secured the principalship of the Walnut Street school in Coshocton and 
remained in that position for two years. In the meantime, however, he 
determined upon the practice of law as his life work and to this end began 
reading in the office of W. R. Pomerene, devoting his evening hours and 
Saturday holidays to the mastery of the principles of jurisprudence. Dili- 
gent as a student and thorough in his preparation, he occupied his time so 
well that in the fall of 1904 he was qualified to enter the law- department of 
the Ohio State University and, after three months' study, successfully passed 
the examination that secured his admi.^^sion to the bar on the 6th of Decem- 
lier of that year. However, he continued his study in the law school until 
the following March, when he returned to Coshocton and entered upon the 
practice of his chosen profe.-sion, remaining alone until March. 189.S. when 


he, formed a partnersliiij with Judge Samuel H. Nichokis. For eight and 
one-half years the firm of Nicholas & Merrell occupied a prominent posi- 
tion at the Coshocton har, but in November, 1906, the relation was term- 
inated because of the election of Judge Nicholas to the common pleas bench. 
Since that time Mr. Merrell has practiced alone and for the past ten years 
has been employed by either the prosecution or defense in almost every case 
heard in the Coshocton courts. He also has a large clientage in Holmes. 
Guernsey, Tuscarawas. Licking and other nearby counties and the con- 
sensus of public opinion places him today Avith the most prominent attor- 
nej's of this section of the state. 

Mr. Merrell is a man of strong intellectuality, always interested in any- 
thing pertaining to educational progress. He is now president of the 
Wranglers Club, the leading literary organization of the town, and has 
worked earnestly for some time in an attempt to organize an association to 
preserve the historical mound of Coshocton as well as to mark the histori- 
cal spots in this vicinity with monuments. He is the secretary of the Co- 
shocton Chautauqua Company, which holds one of the most successful Chau- 
tauquas of the state, and his assistance can always be counted upon in fur- 
thering the municipal, intellectual and moral progress of this city. 

On the 25th of May, 1898, Mr. ]\Iejrell was married to Miss Letitia 
Smith, a daughter of I. T. Smith, of this city. By this marriage there i? 
one daughter, Virginia Jane. Mr. and Mrs. Merrell are prominent soci- 
ally and are valued membexs of the Methodist Episcopal church, taking an 
active and heli^ful part in the church work, Mr. Merrell serving as teacher 
of a class of men in the Sunday school. His political views are in accord 
with the democratic principles and realizing the duties and obligations as 
well as the privileges of citizenship he keeps well informed on the questions 
and issues of the day and addresses the public in each political campaign. 
A vigilant and attentive observer of men and measures he discusses from 
the platform those questions which agitate the times and which form a 
feature in the upbuilding of our great republic. An excellent presence, an 
earnest manner, marked strength of character, a thorough grasp of the law 
and the ability to accurately apply its principles, make him an effective and 
successful advocate. 


Wilbur F. Park, who since 1892 has been engaged in the grain and 
implement business in Fresno, was born in White Eyes township, Coshocton 
county. Ohio, February 29, 1860, a son of William H. and Nancy J. (Ross) 
Park. His father, who was born in Canada, December 27, 1835, came to 
White Eyes township in 1858, and here bought a farm which became the 
family home. On April 19, 1859, he wedded Nancy J. Ross, who was born 
in Homer county, this state, in 1832. They became the parents of five sons, 
namely: Wilbur F., of this review; James R., a resident of Adams township; 


Samviel H., deceased; George J., who lives in Chicago, Illinois; and John 
B., who resides in Belmont county, this state. The father retired from farm 
life in 1896, and for the past three years has been serving as postmaster at 
Fresno. The mother was called to her eternal home, Jiuie 6. 1898. 

AVilbur F. Park remained under the parental roof until of age and 
received a high-school education. At the age of sixteen yeai-s he began teach- 
ing, a vocation which he followed for fourteen years. He 'then engaged in 
farming for nine years, or until in 1892, when he moved to Fresno and went 
into the grain and implement business, an occupation which he has since 
followed. He has been quite successful in hi.? work and handles about four 
thousand bushels of grain annually. 

In 1883 Mr. Park was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Hamilton, 
daughter of John and Mary (Fair) Hamilton, who was born in White Eyes 
township, July 4, 1857. Both parents are deceased, the father's death occur- 
ring in 1884, and the mother's in 1885. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Park have 
been born five children, of whom the firstborn died in infancy; Nellie, the 
second child, was born in 1885 and died in January of 1886; Mabel M., 
born in Augiist, 1886, is the wife of Porter ]McCrea, of Fresno; Fred H., born 
August 12, 1888, resides at homo with his parents; and the youngest child 
died in infancy. 

In his political views Mr. Park is a republican, but he has never been 
an office seeker, preferring to give his undivided attention to his business 
interests. Fraternally, he is a member of Coshocton Lodge, No. 96, A. F. 
ct A. M. ; also of Fresno Lodge, No. 11688, M. W. A. Religiously, both he 
and hi? estimable wife are faithful and consistent members of the United 
Presbvterian church. 


Lewis E. Bahnier, who lives in New Philadelijhia, was born in Bakers- 
ville, this county, March 1, 1875, a .son of Valentine and Elizabeth 
(Schweitzer) Bahmer. He is of German lineage, his grandparents on both 
sides of the family having come to America direct from the fatherland, the 
two families settling in Bucks township, Tuscarawas county, Ohio. Here 
^^alentine Bahmer, the father of our subject, was born June 11, 1841, while 
the birth of the mother occurred May 16, 1844. The father Avas a shoe- 
maker by trade, an occupation which he followed in his youth in various 
cities of Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. He was also a veteran of the Civil 
war, having sensed in Company K, Fifty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry from 
October 13, 1862, until September, 1863, when he received his discharge. 
On January 3, 1866, he wedded Elizabeth Schweitzer, and in 1869 the young 
couple took up their residence in Bakereville, where they continued to reside 
thereafter. The father pa'=sed away July 1, 1908, highly esteemed and re- 
spected by all who knew him. They became the parents of eight childi-en, 
namely: Phoebe, the wife of Dr. J. D. Lower, of Cashocton; Charlie V., a 


ivsidi'iit (if ISaltiniore; William, deceased; Lewis E., a resident nf Adams 
towiisliiii: Alfred F., deceased; Harry J., who resides in Coluiubvis; Carriu 
B., wlin i.- a. twill sister of Harry J., and the wife of Rev. D. S. Carpenter, 
of Ciiucsvilk'; and ]Mayme, who resides at home with her mother. 

Lewis E. Bahnier received his education in the district schools, which 
he attended regularly throughout the school year while in the primary grades, 
but when he reached an age sufficient to be of as.^istance to the father on 
his farm his attendance was necessarily somewhat irregular, being confined 
to those months of the year when farming operations were suspended. When 
he became of age he worked for his father for two years on the farm, after 
which he began farming for himself, renting from his father the place Avhich 
he now owns. He engaged in a general farming and met with marked suc- 
cess, so that ultimately he was able to secure title to his present home, in 
addition to which he owns eleven acres of land in Tuscarawas county. 

On October 7, 1900, Mr. Bahmer was married to Miss Clara Partz, who 
was born in Bucks township, Tuscarawas county, Ohio, October 10, 1879. 
She is a daughter of Andrew and ^largaret (Regula) Partz, both of whom 
were natives of Tuscarawas county, where the father was born September 3, 
1848, and the mother July 4, 1851. They still reside there on a fine farm 
of our liniidrcd and twenty acres whicli they own. Six children were born 
to their uiii(ni, naiiicly: C. A., a medical iiraetilioner of Baltic, Ohio; Clara, 
the wife of our subject; Milton F., who is attending school at Springfield, 
Ohio; Edwin D. and Adela A., both of whom are engaged in teaching school 
and reside at home with their parents; and Edward, who is deceased. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bahmer now have three children. Starling P., who was born No- 
vember 13, 1901; Margaret, who was born March 7, 1904; and Leonora J., 
who was born August 8, 1906. 

In politics Mr. Bahmer is a stalwart democrat, never swerving in his 
allegiance to the party, for he believes that the principles of the organization 
contain the best elements of good government. Fraternally, he is a member 
of Bakersville Camp, No. 5216, M. W. A., and religiously, both he and his 
estimable wife are members of the English Lutheran church. Mr. Bahmer 
occupies a leading position in the ranks of Coshocton county's younger cit- 
izens and is ]iopular with a host of friends. 

MRS. al:\ieda .t. lower. 

Mi's. .Vlnieda .1. Lower owns and occujiies a good farm of eighty acres 
in White Eyes township. She was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, October 
8, 1862, and is the widow of W. B. Ldwcr. who was born in this county 
January 21, 1862. She is a daughter nf lien and ChrLstina (Turner) 
Leavengood. Her father was also a native of this county, but her mother 
was born in Virginia and came to this county in her girlhood days. Both 
are still living and are well known people here, enjoying the respect and 
good will of all with wbnni they have conic in contact. 


Their family numbered ten children, including Mrs. Lower, who spent 
her girlhood day.* under the parental roof and wa.* early 'trained to the work 
of the hou.«ehold, forming haliit« of industry and economy, w'hieh well quali- 
fied her to take charge of a liinric nf her own at the time of her marriage. 
She pursued her education in jinlilic scIkkiIs and her husband was educated 
in a similar manner. On the 9th of April, 1885, she became the wife of 
W. B. Lower, a farmer of this county, who devoted his entire life to general 
agricultural pursuits. At the time of his death he owned eighty acres of land 
which he had brought under a high state of cultivation. He had also added 
many modern miprovements to his farm and everything about the place 
indicated his careful supervision and progressive methods. The death of 
Mr. Lower occurred in November, 1908. 

In the family were four children: ]\Iyrtle M., now the wife of Clayton 
Parlhill; Ethel Y., Olive B. and Clenette P., all at home. Mrs. Lower and 
her children are all members of the Episcopal church, attending its services 
and contributing to its support. Mrs. Lower still owns the fai-m of eighty 
acres in "White Eyes township which was formerly the property of her hus- 
band. It is in an attractive place and the land is also rich and pi-oductive 
and annually returns good harvests for the care and cultivation which are 
bestowed upon the place. Having .«pent her entire life in thLs county ]Mrs. 
Lower is well known here and enjoys the friendship and regard of the many 
with whom she has been brought in contact. 

C4E0RGE AA'. S:\nTII. ' ' 

A well improved and higldy devel(.iped farm of one hundred and si.xty- 
nine acres situated in Linton township has been the home of George W. 
Smith for the past forty-three years. He was born in Guernsey county, this 
state, October 16. 1833, and is the eldest of two children (of whom the sisier, 
Elizabeth Ann. is deceased') born of the marriage of ^Mlliam W. and Nancy 
(Morlatt) Smith. The fatlier was a native of England, while the mother's 
birth occurred in ^'irginia. They came to Ohio at an early date and located 
in Guernsey county, where the father died. Tiie mother, however, passed 
away in Coshocton county. 

George W. Smith pur.-ui.'d his -Indies in the common schools and at the 
age of fifteen yeai-s learned the liai-nc-s trade, at which he worked for a time. 
He then resumed farming, working as a farm hand for two years. In 1865 
he put aside all business and personal con.siderations and gave his services to 
the government, during the latter part of the Civil war, remaining at the 
front for seven months. He then returned to Coshocton county and is now 
the owner of one hundred and sixty-nine acres situated in Linton town.ship, 
which has been his place of residence for the past forty-three yeare. In con- 
nection T\'ith general farming he raises stock, making a specialty of the latter 
branch of busine.=s, in which he is meeting with excellent success. 


Mr. Smith has been twice married. He first wedded Sarah J. Johnson, 
who was born in Coshocton county. Their marriage wa.s blessed with two 
sons but both are now deceased. The wife and mother Avas also called to her 
final rest, and Mr. Smith then married Mary E. .Johnson, a sister of his first 
wife. This union has been blessed with a son and daughter: Johnson, of 
Coshocton ; and Laura, the wife of Johnson Hammond, of Muskingum county. 

Mr. Smith gives his political sujjport to the men and measures of the 
democratic party and has been called by his fellow townsmen to fill a number 
of public offices, having served for five years as trastee of the township, while 
he has also filled the office of supervisor on several different occasions. He is 
also a school director. There is particular satisfaction in reverting to the life 
history of the honored and venerable gentleman whose name initiates this 
review, since his mind bears the impress of the historical annals of the staite 
of Ohio from the early pioneer days, and from the fact that he has been a 
loyal son of the republic. He has now passed the seventy-fifth milestone on 
life's journej' and commands the respect and reverence which should ever be 
accorded to one who has advanced thus far on the journey of life. 


The gentleman whose name introduces this record needs no introduction 
to the readers of this volume for the Fosters are one of the prominent pioneer 
families of Coshocton county and he of whom we write is a worthy repre- 
sentative of the name, owning a large tract of land comprising three hun- 
dred and ninety-seven acres in the rich bottoms of the Tuscarawas river, 
near Canal Lewisville. Lewis J. Foster was born in Jackson township, 
Coshocton county, August 30, 1861, a son of Ebenezer and Maria (Markley) 
Foster, who were likewise natives of this county. The father was a pioneer 
settler of this locality and became a wealthy landowner, at one time possess- 
ing fourteen hundred acres in Coshocton county. He engaged in general 
farming throughout a long period but the last twenty years of his life were 
spent in honorable retirement. His death occurred February 9, 1907, when 
he had reached the very advanced age of eighty-five years, and thus the com- 
munity mourned the loss of one of its oldest and most highly honored 

Lewis J. Foster was reared to agricultural pursuits, giving his father 
the benefit of his services on the home farm from the time of early spring 
planting until crops were harvested in the late autumn, while during the 
winter seasons he pursued his studies in the district schools. LTpon entering 
into business on his own account he chose the occupation to which he had 
been reared and has made this his life work. He is now the owner of three 
hundred and ninety-seven acres of land near Canal Lewisville, which has 
been made valuable and productive through hi- mvu labors. He is progress- 
'ive and practical in his methods of labor and tlui- liis labors are rewarded 
with excellent .success. 



Mr. Foster war* married DeceiiilHT 14., tn ;Mi,-,~ Carrie 1!. Lcnuon. 
whose hnnie was in the same, locality in which Mr. Foster wa-^ reared. They 
have become the parents of the following, ehildriai: Archie A._, wlio was 
born November 12, 1882,. and married Mary Ah'Calie; Harry E., liorn .\u- 
g'u.~t 5, 1884; Nellie E., wdio wa.s born April 2.S, 1886, and is now the wife 
of Thomas Wilson; Glady.s M.. wIki wa.s born December 25, 1888. and died 
July 3, 1898; Lewi.s Wade. l)orn :^[ay 2(3, 1891; Clifford 0.. born Octoljer 
26, 1893; Ethel Lou, born April 2i». 1896; .Tames L.. born August 7. 1898: 
Carrie R., who was born November 2:'.. T.»()(l. and died Sept(auber 29, 1901, 
and one son who died in infancy. 

Mr. Foster gives his political support to the nnai and measures of the 
democratic party but has never been active in political circle.-. He is a mem- 
ber of the Grange and of the Odd Fellows lodge at Coshocton. In every- 
thing he has been eminently practical and this has been manifest imt only 
in his business undertakings but also in social and private life. His activity 
has not only contributed to his individual success but has also been a factor 
in the development of his home locality, of which he is today accounted one 
of the honored citizens. 


A highly cultivated farm of one hundred and twenty acres, situated in 
Bedford township, is the place of residence of Benjamin Ilains. wh:) wa-< 
born in "this township, March 19, 1854, a son of Levi and Lucinda (Tmut- 
man) Hains. The Hains family was founded in Ohio in 1810 by the paternal 
grandfather. Henry Hains. Avho was born in Bedford county. Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1782, whence he removed to Licking county. The following year 
he came to Coshocton county and entered land from the government, and 
this tract has since been in possession of the family and is now owned by a 
grandson, Henry F. Hains, wdio is mentioned elsewhere in this volume. The 
grandfather was twice married and Ijy the first union had eight children, 
all of whom have departed this life. 

Levi Hains, the father of our subject, was born on the old family home- 
stead in Bedford township, February 7, 1817, and was there reared and spent 
his entire life. He followed farming as a life work and at the time of his 
death, wdiich occurred June 29, 1902, when he had reacliid llie advanced 
age of eighty-five years, he owned five hundred acres of valualile land. He 
was a republican in political faitli and wa- a pnlilic-siiiriied ciiizeii. pnniniicnt 
in the public life of this section of the .-tate. Hi.- wife, who bore tlie maiden 
name of Lucinda Troutman, was born in <{andjier, Knox county, Ohio, in 
1818, and died in Coshocton county. October 24, 1892, at the age of eighty- 
four years. She was the mother of the following children: Norman, who 
follows farming in Texas; Leonard and Sarah, deceased; Mary E . the wife 
of Nathan Price, wdio is engaged in farming in Bedford townshiii: J. T.. an 
agriculturist of Cherokee county, Kansas; J. R., of Bedford townsjiip: Ben- 


jamin, of this review; Leander, a farmer of Bedford township; Henry F., 
who i.s mentioned on another page of this work; Charles, who is also men- 
tioned elsewhere in this volume ; and Isabel, the wife of A. G. Reed, a farmer 
of Bedford township. 

Benjamin Hains, the immediate subject of this review, acquired his edu- 
cation in the Hains district school and was reared to the pursuits of farm 
life, early being trained in the duties of the home farm. He remained under 
the parental roof until he had reached the age of twenty-four years, when he 
began farming on his own account and, with the exception of one year spent 
in Kansas, he has always lived in Bedford township. He now owns one 
liundred and twenty acres of land situated in this township, all of which is 
under a high state of cultivation, each year yielding abundant harvests. In 
1902 Mr. Hains erected a nice barn and in 1908 built a fine modern residence, 
supplied with all the conveniences and accessories that add to the comfort 
of the inmates. The hoase stands in the midst of a well kept lawn, and 
everything about the place is kept in a good state of repair. Mr. Hains 
keeps good grades of stock, raising thoroughbred cattle and sheep. He is a 
man of enterprise and progress, keeping in touch with modern ideas of farm- 
ing, so that his labors are attended with excellent results. 

Mr. Hains was married in 1877 to Miss Sarah C. Parrish, a resident of 
Coshocton county, and they have one daughter, Lizzie, the wife of T. 0. 
Clarke, who is engaged in teaching in Bedford. Mr. and Mrs. Clarke are 
the parents of three daughters: Estella, Ethel May and Sarah Bessie. Mr. 
Hains is an ardent republican and his wife is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. They are people of high iiKiral worth, esteemed by a large 
circle of friends. 


Prosper Royer, who since 1901 has lived retired in Coshocton, was 
formerly identified for a long period with the agricultural interests of the 
county, owning and cultivating an excellent tract of land which constituted 
one of the fine farms of the locality. Although born across the water, Co- 
shocton has no citizen more loyal to its interests and welfare than Prosper 
Royer, whose birth occurred in France, January 29, 1835. His parents were 
Nicholas and Ann (Yergo) Royer, who came to the United States in 1844, 
settling on a farm in Muskingum county, Ohio, near Sonora. There the 
father purchased a farm on which he and his family lived for six years, when 
he disposed of that property and in 1850 came to Coshocton, investing here 
in a tract of land of eighty acres in Franklin township near Frews Mill. 
Subsequently he bought an adjoining tract of eighty acres and upon the 
farm which he there cultivated and improved he and his wife spent their 
remaining days and when called from this life were laid to rest in the old 
cemetery of the neighborhood, a part of the land for this cemetery having 
been donated bv !Mr. Rover. 


As a farm boy Prosper Rover war< roared, working in the .^uniiiier nioiith:^ 
at the labors of the farm, while in the winter sensons he attended the district 
schools. In early manhood he was married and for two yeai"s thereafter 
resided on the old homestead Imt on the expiration of that period removed to 
the old John Hershman farm, winch he cultivated as a renter for three years. 
In the meantime he carefully saved his earnings until his diligence and 
forty acres adjoining the Hershman farm. He lived there for tlnve years 
industry bi"Ou.ght him sufficient capital to enable him to inu-clia-c a farm of 
and then purchased a farm of one hundred and sixty-nine acres, on which 
he made his home for three decades. As time passed he converted the soil 
into rich and productive fields that annually yielded him large harvests. He 
also added good Imilding- ami iiKidern imjirovemeiit- to his |ihu-c. ii-ing the 
latest machinery to facilitate the work of the fields and cmiiloying such 
progressive methods as have made the work of the farm much more remuner- 
ative than it was even a quarter of a century ago. As time pa.ssed his labors 
secured for him a handsome competence and in 1901 he removed to Co.shoc- 
ton, where he has since resided, the fruit of his former toil being sufficient 
to enable him to enjoy a well earned without further recourse to busi- 
ness cares. 

On the 2d of July. l.S(;l. Mv. Royer was married to Mi.-s .Mary Trenor. 
of West Lafayette, a daughter of ^Maurice Trenor, who came to Coshocton 
county from Ireland, his native country. ^Ir. and Mrs. Royer were the 
parents of seven children, of whom three are living: ^lary. the wife of 
Samuel Siegrist, of Coshocton; William H., of Coshocton, Ohio; and Prosper 
C, manager of the Postal Telegraph Company of Coshocton. 

In his political views Mr. Rover is a democrat, thoroughly in sympathy 
with the principles and purposes of the party. Both he and his wife are 
communicants of the Catholic church. He has now passed the Psalmist's 
span of three score years and ten and in fact has reached the seventy-third 
milestone on life's journey. His business activity through many years well 
entitles him to the rest which he is now enjoying and he desen-cs mention 
among the rejiresentative residents of his iiddjited county. 


Death often reniove> fnim our midst one whom we can ill afford to lose. 
The news of the demise of Matthew S. Beebe brought a feeling of widespread 
sorrow to Coshocton and the surrounding country, for through a long period 
he had stood as one of the foremost merchants of this jiart of the state and 
as a man whom to know was to respect and honnr. The nieiiHiry which he 
left behind him, however, is cherished by family and friends and his example 
is one well worthy of emulatiim. fur it stands in proof (if the fact that pros- 
perity and an honorable name may be won simultaneously. 

Mr. Beebe was born in Cadiz, Ohi.i. Oetolier M, 1S4.'. ITis father. .Tames 
AV. Beebe, was connected Avith operations in the coal fields of Ohio during the 


early mining days here, being one of the first men to develop the mines at 
Conesville. He gave to his son liberal educational privileges, the latter sup- 
plementing his early public-school course by study in the Hopedale College 
at Hopedale, Ohio. For several years during his early manhood he was 
identified with his father in his mining operations but thinking to find 
mercantile pursuits more congenial, he engaged with an eastern shoe house 
as commercial salesman. This gave him an intimate and comprehensive 
knowledge of the trade and for twenty-five years he engaged in the shoe 
business as a wholesale dealer. He thoroughly acquainted himself with the 
trade and its possibilities and by progressive business methods and honorable 
dealing secured a most liberal patronage. The integrity of his business 
methods was never called into question and on the contrary he was widely 
known for his unassailable reputation, resulting from straightforward dealing. 

Pleasantly situated in hi.~ home life. 'Slv. Beebe was devoted to the wel- 
fare of his wife and son. On the M of .January, 1890, he married Miss Lois 
Mayes, a daughter of Calvin Mayes, who was a banker and extensive land- 
owner of Peabody, Kansas, but is now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Beebe had 
one child, Junius M., who w-as born February 16, 1892, and is now being 
educated at the Randolph-Macon Academy at Front Royal, Virginia. Mr. 
Beebe regarded no personal sacrifice on his part too great if it would promote 
the welfare or enhance the happiness of his little family and they found 
him a most devoted and loving husband and father. 

His political svipport was given to the republican party and he always 
kept well informed on the questions and issues of the day, although he never 
sought nor desired oflSce. He ranked very high in Masonry and was a mem- 
ber of the Pr&sbyterian church — associations which indicate much of his 
character and the principles that governed his conduct. All who knew him 
respected him and he occupied a prominent place in the foremost ranks of 
Coshocton's biLsiness men. Mre. Beebe now occupies the home residence at 
No. 304 Chestnut street, spending the summer months in Coshocton, while 
in the winter seasons she resides in Washington, D. C. Like Mr. Beebe, she 
has many friends here and the hospitality of the best homes is most cordially 
extended to her. 


Enterprise, energy and determination (■iin>titnte the labors of Christo- 
pher C. Miller, who is engaged in farming ini a well improved tract of land 
of one hundred and one acres, situated in Jackson township. He is a native 
son of the township, born May 12, 1865, a son of John and Nancy (Lyons) 
Miller, natives of Coshocton county. The father died December 27, 1891, 
at the age of sixty-seven years, while the mother preceded him to the home 
beyond, her death occurring January 12. 1879, at the comparatively early 
age of fifty-two years. 

Christopher C. ^liller, whose name heads this review, sjient the period 
of his boyhood and youth upon the homestead farm, acquiring his education 


llu'ougli the medium of the di.^triet schools. He remained under the parental 
roof until he started out to make his own way in the world, following general 
agricultural pursuits in Jackson and Bedford townships until 1902, when 
he removed to Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, where he was engaged in sim- 
ilar pursuits until 190"), Avhen he purchased his present farm of one hundred 
acres in Jackson township and returned once more to Coshocton county to 
make his home. He follows farming and stock-raising and also gives much 
of his time to raising fruit, in which he is meeting with success. He has an 
attractive country home, fitted out with all modern conveniences, and his 
farm is otherwise well improved. 

Mr. Miller was married October 20, 1886, to Miss Mary A. :\rarshall, a 
daughter of Thomas and Susan (Slaughter) Marshall, representatives of two 
]irominent pioneer families of this county. The union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Miller has been blessed with a son and daughter, Ernest E. and Susan A. 
Mr. Miller is a democrat in his political views and affiliations but has never 
been active as an office seeker, the only public position he has ever held being 
that of school director. By perseverance, determination and honorable effort 
he has overthrown the obstacles which barred his path to success and reached 
the goal of prosperity, while his genuine worth and pubblic spirit have made 
him a director of pulilic thnught and action. 


Jacob Zimmerman is the owner of an excellent farm of one hundred 
and fourteen acres situated in Adams township. . The land is rich and pro- 
ductive and the place in its neat and well kept appearance indicates the care- 
ful supei-vision of a practical and painstaking owner. Mr. Zimmerman is 
one of the respected citizens of this community and has been a resident of 
Ohio for more than a half century. He claims Switzerland as the i:>lace of 
his nativity, his birth having there occurred January 28, 1838. 

His jDarents, Christ and ^Margaret Zimmerman, were also natives of the 
same country and, cro.5.sing the Atlantic to America in 1854, they located 
in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, where the father purchased and improved land. 
He was a school teacher by profession and was actively connected with the 
educational interests of this state for thirty-cii;ht >('ar-. Ho died in Octdlier, 
1862, when about seventy-one years of ago. fur hi.- liirtli notnuTod in 1791. 
His wife sui-vived him only about a year. ]ia— ing away in ]sr,:\, 

Jacob Zimmerman is the mily survivur in a family of iliirtion children. 
He remained with his father until he attained hi- majoiity and 
the home farm, early becoming familiar with all tlio dutir- an 
fall to the lot of the agriculturist. When he ha.l iva.liod an 
bought a farm of sovoiity aoro- in Tn^caraw a- county, todk i 
there and oontinuod for niin'io.'U year,-, bringing the iilaoo into 
of cultivation. Ho thou <old thai i.roporty and rouiovo.l to Co-ji, 
where he bought the farm of ouo huii<lr,;Ml and fourtom aero- 

nrkod ujion 
labors that 

lult age he 
hi- al)ode 

high state 


now reside*. His peivsevering efforts, his diligence and thorough knowledge 
of farming methods have enabled him to make this a valuable ]ir(i])crty and 
from his fields he annually gathers rich harvests, which return t<i him a 
gratifying income. 

In 1859 Mr. Zimmerman was united in marriage to ]Mi.s.s Sarah Younger, 
who was born in Tascarawas county, August 16, 1840. She was one of 
twelve children and her i^arents are now deceased. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Zim- 
merman were born: Ira. whose birth occurred August 13, 1860; Christ, born 
June 10. lS(i-2: .Tohn F.. in 1863; David, in 1865; Imeno, in 1837; Susan, 
who Ava- lioi'u in iMiO. and is the wife of Herbert Shiagle; Daniel, born in 
1S71 : Aliraliani. who was born in 1873 and died in 1902; and Anna E., who 
Ava- liiirn in 1.S73 and is the wife of Adam Young. The living members of the 
family an- all residents of Coshocton county and Mr. and Mrs. Zimmerman 
have reared a family of sons and daughters who are a credit and honor to 
their name. 

The parents are members of the German Reformed church and have 
lived earnest, consistent' Christian lives. Mr. Zimmerman gives his political 
support to the democratic party and was assessor and trustee of his township, 
while for over twenty-one years he served as a member of the school board. 
In his official duties he has been found prompt and reliable and in all busi- 
ness affairs honorable and straightforward, so that he enjoys the full confi- 
dence and trust of those who know him. He has never had occasion to regret 
his determination to seek a home in America, for here he has found good 
opportunities and by his earnest work and unfaltering perseverance has gained 
a creditable mea.sure of success. 


Henry Shaw, a .-uccessful l;>usiness man and agriculturalist of Lafayette 
town.-^hip. was born in the locality where he now resides, February 21, 1848, 
the son of ^'elzer and Margaret (Maple) Shaw. The family is among the 
pioneer settlers of Coshocton county, the paternal great-grandfather of our 
subject ha,ving purchased in 1833 a large tract of whait iwas then wild land, 
on which he erected a log cabin and with a resolution which is now evidenced 
in his posterity, proceeded to bring it under a state of subjection. He was 
ably assisted in his efforts by five stalwart sons, namely: Elijah, who served 
in the war of 1812 ; Albert, who served in both the Mexican and Civil wars ; 
Robert, Enos and Levi. 

^^elzer Shaw, father of our subject, was born in Orange county. New 
Jersey, jNIay 4, 1824, and was therefore but nine yeai-s of age when brought 
by hLs parents to Coshocton county. He grew to manhood on the old farm 
and was his father's mainstay in the work of the place, to the passession of 
which he succeeded. As a democrat he took an active interest in political 
affaiTs, and while he would never consent to hold office himself, yet he 
always worked hard for the success of his party. Although a member of no 


cluuvli he was noted for his eharity ami hi.- poekt'thook \va> alway.- open for 
those who were in trouMc or in need. He wedded Martiard Ahiplc wlio wa.s 
liorn in TortsnKaith. Ohio, in IN-J.'). and they l.ecanie the parent.- of six eliil- 
dren, namely: Jerome, who enlisted in tlie army when lifteen years of age, 
a.s a rasiilt of wliieh lii.- heahh was wrecked l)y the hardships he suffered 
during service, and h<> ]ias-ed away at the early age of twenty-two years. 
Henry, of this review. Simeon, who (hed at the age of seventeen years; 
Ruth Ann, who died at the age of two years; Setli. who resides in West 
Lafayette, Ohio: and Edward, wlio died wiien torty-eigln years of age. The 
father passed away in liH)4, liaving survived lii.- wife a, few y.'ars, her <Ieath 
occurring in 1900. 

Henry Shaw was reared on tlie farm and received a district-,-chool edu- 
cation. At tlie age of eighteen years he hega.n teaching, an occupation which 
he followed foa- nine years during the winter months, devoting the months 
of summer to his farming interests. In 1873 he purchased one hundred 
acres of land, which is now a part of his present fai"m of one hundred and 
fifty acres adjoining the cori>OTation limits of tlie town of West Lafayette on 
the north. This constitutes h'ls residence propea-ty and in addition to this 
1 >lace he also owns a farm' of two hundred and six acres in Wilson and I>afay- 
ette townships and has recently .sold two other farms which he owned. 

On September 29, 1868, Henry Shaw was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Ellen Mastereon, who Avas born in Gallia county, Ohio, June 22, 1851, 
the daughter of William F. and Betlisama (Wood) Masterson, Her father 
was liorn in A'irginia in ISl,;. and was educated as a physician, having 
graduated from the Cincinnati ]\Iedical College. He was well known as a 
lihysiciau of unu.*ual ability throughout Gallia county and later in Coshoc- 
ton county, where his services were greatly in demand on account of his 
proficiency. He died in 1885. The mother was born in Coshocton county 
and pav'ssed away in 1S72 at the age of forty-three years. They were the 
]>arents of six children, namely: ^lary Ellen, the wife of our subject; Pauline, 
who resides in West Lafayette; Joseph ^^'., a resident of South Bend, Wash- 
ington: ^Margaret, who is employed in the United States treasury department 
at Washington, D. C. ; Caroline, the wife of R. C. Hardft-ty, 'of Colorado; 
and William L., a physician, who resides in Wa-liingtoii. D. C. T^ntn Mr. 
and Mrs. Shaw have Ijeen born six children, a- follows: Pauline, the wife of 
L. L. Catherday, who resides in Dresden, Ohio; Cornelia, the wife of S. W. 
Moore, of Lafayette township; Romania, the wife of P. S. Miller, of Denver, 
Colorado; George N., who wedded Bessie Duncan and Ls a telegraph operator 
at West Lafayette; Joseph, a practicing ph\>iciaii, of Columbus; and Thomas 
C. who married Alta McCusky and re-ides in Lafayette township. 

Politically. Mr. Shaw is identified with the denii>cratic iiarty. Fra- 
ternally, he has been a member of the Masonic order since he \\ as twenty-one 
years of age and now belongs to lodge No. 96 of Coshocton. Mr. Shaw is 
not a stern judge when called upon to view the weaknessa* or failings of his 
fellowmen who are le,*s fortunate than himself in the endowment of strength 
of mind and character, but l>elieves in ever extending a helping hand and in 
aiding them to maintain thcnr self-respect for the present with high hopes 


for future success, rather than in chiding them for their mistakes of the 
past. He has j^ersonally attained to an unusual degree of success and no 
one knows so well as himself that it has been accomplished by hard work and 
self-denial in carrying out his plan.?, as a result of which he is charitably 
inclined toward those who have not been so successful as himself. 

A. \y. TARRH. 

A. AV. Tarrli. wIk. in a cdntnirtdr and builder of Tiverton. u\\u< a nice 
home, surroundfd liy thirty acres of land, this being one of the attractive and 
valuable properties of this village. Mr. Tarrh was born in Knox town.ship, 
Holme? county, Ohio, March 17, 1847, a son of Frederick and Sarah (Par- 
sons) Tarrh. The father was a native of Pennsylvania, whence he removed 
to Holmes county, this state, but later took up his abode in Illinois, where he 
passed away. He was a farmer by occupation. The mother was a native 
of Holmes county, where she was reared and married to Mr. Tarrh. They 
became the parents of five children: Rachel, the wife of H. B. Gray, a 
farmer of Holmes county; Marion, deceased; Paloma W., a resident of Cali- 
fornia; Maria M., the wife of Bently Liggett, who resides in Ashtabula 
county, Ohio; and A. W., of this review. Following the father's death, the 
mother was again married, her second union being with a Mr. Welker, by 
whom she had 'one child, who died in infancy. The mother departed this 
life in 1854. 

A. "\V. Tarrh was a little lad of but four yeai-s when he lost his father 
and was but seven years of age when he was left an orphan. He acquired a 
limited education in the district schools, but from an early age was dependent 
upon his own resources for a livelihood. He worked at anything that would 
yield him an honest living until 1865, when he enlisted as a member of 
Company H, One Hundred and Ninety-eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
for one yeai''s service in the Civil war. At the close of hostilities he received 
an honorable discharge, having made a creditable military record. 

When the country no longer needed his services, Mr. Tarrh returned to 
Coshocton county and, with the exception of one year spent in Knox county, 
has lived here since. In early life he learned the carpenter's trade and has 
made this his life work, although for six months he conducted a mercantile 
establLshment, and the year spent in Knox county was devoted to the butcher- 
ing business. He is today considered the oldest eontractor and builder in 
his community, having erected many of the finest homes in this section of 
the state. Ho now owns thirty acres of land near the village of Tiverton, 
and his is one of the most modern and attractive homes of this part of the 

Mr. Tarrh was married in 1870 to Miss Angeline Thatcher, and their 
marriage has been blessed with seven children : Bertha, the wife of Orville 
Smith, a barber of Brinkhaven; Arminta, the wife of Samuel Hess, a farmer 
of Monroe township; C. E., who wedded May Barnes and is with our subject; 


]M. C, who wedded Lou Mullet and resides in Tiverton: Salina, the wife of 
Raymond Miller, who resides in Cavall. Ohio: Steward, who wedded Mable 
Lautenschleger and follows farming in Tiverton township; and William F., 
at home. 

Politically !Mr. Tarrh is a democrat, and both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Disciples church, while his fraternal relations are with the Odd 
Fellow- at Brinkhaven and he is also a member of the Girand Army of the 
Republic. He is largely a self-educated as well as self-made man, one who 
through the inherent force of his nature has worked his way ujDward in the 
business world until he has gained prominence as a contractor and builder. 
He is always found straightforward in his business dealings, is prompt and 
faithful in the i>erformance of his duties, true to the terms of a cdutract. 
and ha^ thereby gained the confidence and good will of all with whom 
business or social relations luring him in contact. 


N. D. Buxton, who devotes his time and energies lo agriiailtural pur- 
suits, was born in Bedford town.ship, Co.shocton county. Ohio. September S, 
1867. his parents being Noah Washington and Hannah (^likesell) Buxton. 
The father, whose birth occurred on the old Buxton homestead in Perry town- 
ship, wa- reared in this county and thrunglidut hi- active Iju-ine.s- career 
carried on farming in Perry and Bedford town-hips. Thr .-ueeess which 
crowned his efforts was attributable entirely to his untiring industry and 
sound judgment and at the time of his demise he owned one hundred and 
eighty-seven' acres of rich and productive land, while his estate was valued 
a]iproxiniately at ten thoasand dollars, in piiliiic.- he wa.- a dMiiucrat. while 
Ills religious faith was indicated by hi.s nieiiilier.-lii]i in the M^'tlmdi-t Epis- 
copal church, in the work of which he took an active and helpful interest. 
He was highly respected and esteemed by all who knew him and when he 
was called to his final rest the county mourned the of one of its worthy 
and honored native sons. His marriage was celebrated in Perry township. 
Coshocton county, his wife being a native of that place. 

Unto Noah Washington and Hannah (Mike.sell) Buxton were born 
seven children, namely: Jacob W.. who follows farming in Perry township; 
George McClelland, deceased; N. D.. of this review; W. W.. residing on the 
old homestead: Mary Venora, who has al-o jia-sed away: Francis INhirion. an of Bedford town.ship: and Sarah Ann, the wife of G. 0. Hains, 
who follows farming near Coshocton. Following the death of her first hus- 
band Mrs. Buxton was again married, her second union being with William 
Teal, and subsequent to his demise she wedded William Clark, a farmer of 
Perry township, Coshocton county. She is still living here and the circle 
of her friends is almost coextensive with the circle of her acquaintances. 

N. D. Buxton obtained his education in the district scIkioI-^ of Perry 
town-hi]i and remained under the parental roof until INMI. uIumi he ln^gan 


farming on his own account in Perry township, being thus successfully en- 
gaged until 1901. He then located on a farm of eighty-four acres just across 
the line in Bedford township, in wdiich he owns a two-thirds interest. His 
landed holdings likewise include ninety acres in Perry township and in the 
conduct of his agricultural interests has gained that measure of success which 
is ever til.' reward of earnest, persistent and well directed labor. The many 
substantial improvements which are found on the property stand as monu- 
ments to bis thrift and enterprise and he is well entitled to representation 
tiinnng the progressive and prn,-iirinu,~ farmers of the community. 

(hi the 28th of April, LSSS, Mi'. I'.uxton was united in marriage to Miss 
Miiia May Stewart, a native of Pi rry towiisliiii, by whom lie bad six children: 
Howard (ili'u, deceased; a twin of Ibiwanl (ilcii who died in infancy; Leo 
Ross and Bessie Vernon, at home; another child wlm died in infancy; and 
RoUa Raymond, who has also passed away. 

Mr. Buxton gives his political allegiance to the men and measures of the 
demncracy. acted as assessor of Perry townsiii]i fur two years and did valuable 
service a- a member of the school board. He lielongs to the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, in which he is serving as tru.-toe and class leader, and his wife 
is a helpful member of the church. Mr. and ^Irs. Buxton are well known 
and hiobly esteemed throughout the county in which they have spent their 
entire bve.-. having ever displayed those sterling traits of character which in 
everv land and clime win admiration and regard. 


Preston C. Shipps, who is engaged in gardening on a tract of land one 
mile south of Coshocton, has on his place one of the finest country homes in 
Tuscarawas township. He was born in Licking county, Ohio, March 7, 1859, 
a son of LTriah and Rachel (Coulter) Shipps. The latter's father voted the 
first abolition ticket in Licking county and for this received severe criticism. 
The father was a farmer and also engaged in dealing in stock and in buying 
wool, doing quite an exten,sive business along these various lines. 

Preston C. Shipps was reared under the parental roof and early became 
familiar w-ith the duties of the home farm, assisting his father in the work 
of plowing, planting and harvesting during the spring and summer months, 
while in the winter seasons he pursued his studies in the .schools of Duncan 
Falls. His first business experience was as a traveling salesman, working in 
this capacitj'' for one year. Subsequently he engaged in the general mer- 
cantile business for three years at Conesville, after which he engaged in farm- 
ing for two years. He then went to Allegheny, Pennsylvania, where he was 
engaged for one year in shipping produce. He then returned to Conesville 
and farmed for one year near that city, after which he conducted a dairy 
farm near rosjioeton for three years. In 1S!»:!, jiaving s;iv!;d a sum of money 
.sufhcient to enable bim to purchase a farm, be iiive-ted in bi~ present tract 
of land, situafid <ine mile south of Cosboetoii. and liere he is engaged in 


gardeniii.n'. \\\> jiroduct.- have trained a wide ivpiilatidii aii<l find a ivady 
.^alo (111 the maiia-t. for ihcy are ikiLmI fm- tluir cxcrlli mr ,,f <m-. <iualily and 
ilavor. He lias .yaiiied surir.- in hi- clinsm field, cf laliur l,iu also find> tiiiii' 
for other business inteiv.-t,-. He is a stnckliiilik'r and director in the People's 
Banking & Trust Coiiii»any nf ('(islnictnii : i- vice president of the Coshocton 
Provision Company and is a direetur in the (Uass Undertakmg Company of 
Coshocton. Ill all these vaiinn< eiit.a]i)iMs he is a prominent factor and is 
ever interested in an>'tliiii,u that tend- t" advance the best interests of the 

On tiie -i-Jd nf October, bSSf;. :\lr. Ship]i> \va,- married to :\Iis.< Alice 
Marquand, a daughter of James and Mary (Cave) Marquand, of Conesville. 
The marriage nf .Mr. and Mrs. ."^iiiiip- has been liles.sed \Yith five children: 
Herman, Flavilla, Fnd. .bihn and Pntli. tin- U\o la.<t named being twins. 
Herman and Flavilla graduated from the Cnshdcton high schoi)] and are 
now attending college. 

Mr. Shipps is a memlier of Coshocton Lodge. No. 44. I. 0. 0. F.. while 
his political allegiance is given to the republican party, although he is some- 
what independent in his views. He is a man of high ideals, is active in club 
and social life and is highly esteemed in the community in which he makes 
his home. 


Daniel Gribble, a sueces.<tul a,mi(Miltnrisi and sfnck-raiser of White Eyes 
town.ship, was born in Tu-earawa- eiumiy. OJiin. A]iril 1, 1858, his parents 
being Daniel and Catharine (Deed.-) (n-ibble, both natives of Germany. The- 
father's birth occurred in 1826 and, emigrating to the United States, he 
located in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, where he was engaged in general agri- 
cultural pursuits until his retirement, since wliieli time he has made his home 
in Ragersville. His wife was eighteen yeaiv nf age at the time she crossed 
the Atlantic to the new world. They became the parents of nine children, 
eight of whom still survive: Henry, a resident of Tuscarawas county. Ohio; 
William and John, both of Tuscarawas county. Ohio: Phoebe, the wife of 
Philip Kate, living in Tuscarawas county. Ohio; Rnsa. the wife of Albert 
Zohmer, of Sugar Creek. Ohio; Daniel, of this review; ( ieorge, who makes 
his home in Tuscarawas county, Ohio; Catheriii,', the wife of Charles IMiller, 
of Sugar Creek, Ohio. 

Daniel Gribble was reared on the home farm and ina.-tered tlie branches 
of learning tau;;ht in the enmniiin ^(•llo(lls. Wlieii twenlv-nne years nf age 
he started out in bu-ine,-s life tVir liim^i If by renting his father's farm, in the 
cultivation of which he was .successfully engaged for six years. On the 
expiration of that period he purcha.sed a tract of fifty acres, on which he 
made his home for three years, and sulisequently he farmed his father-in- 
law's place fnr twelve years. He tlun -iJd his fifty-acre tract and in Ajn-il, 
VM)-2. b.inght his pre-eiit farm nf one hundred and ninetv acres in White 


Eye^ township, which when it came into hi.s po.^session was in a generally 
run-down condition. The buildings were dilapidated, the fences had broken 
down and the land was covered with brambles. With resolute energy he 
set to work and gradually ti'ansformed the place into a model farming prop- 
erty, his improvements including the erection of a fine house, large barn and 
fences. He is quite extensively engaged in stock-raising, being particularly 
interested in sheep, and in both his farming and live-stock interests has 
gained a measure of success which entitles him to representation with the 
prosperous and enterprising agriculturist.- of I In- community. 

On the 3d of March, 1881, Mr. (irihlilc was united in marriage to Miss 
Rosetta Angel, whose birth occurred in Tust-irawas (•(innty, Ohio, August 10, 
1856, her parents being Hiram and Carolim' (Ilahii) Angel. The father, 
who was born in Harrison county, Ohio, December '23, 1827, followed general 
agricultural pursuits throughout his business career but retired from active 
life in 1890, since which time both he and his wife have made their home in 
Stone Creek. Mrs. Angel, a native of Germany, was born in 1836 and was 
eighteen years of age when she came to the United States and located in 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio. She has seven children, namely: Mrs. Gribble; 
Elizabeth, the wife of Simon Linbach, of New Philadelphia, Ohio; Nancy, 
who is the wife of William Schaad and resides in Ragersville, Ohio ; Mary, 
the wife of Daniel Gruber, also of New Philadelijhia, Ohio; Amelia, the wife 
of Fred Andregg, of Tuscarawas county, Ohio; M^illiam H., who is super- 
intendent of schools at Dennison, Ohio; and Charles F., a resident of Stras- 
burg, Ohio. Unto ^Ir. and Mrs. Gribble have been born two children: 
Charles D. and Amelia C, who are at home. 

In his political views Mr. Gribble is a democrat, while his religious faith 
is indicated by his membership in the German Reform church at Stone 
Creek, with which his wife is also identified. He is a hard worker in the 
Sunday school and does all in liLs power to ]]romote the gro^^•th and extend 
the influence of his church, having always held some official position therein. 
His life has been one of continuous activity, in which has been accorded due 
recognition of labor and today he is numbered among the substantial citizens 
of his countv. 


Andrew Jackson Hill, in former years a factor in Ijusiness interests in 
Coshocton, is now living retired in the enjoyment of well earned and well 
merited rest. His birth occurred in New Birmingham, Guernsey county, Ohio, 
July 4, 1834. His father, David M. Hill, was a native of Ireland, born October 
24, 1788, and came to the ITnited States when about twenty-one or twenty-two 
years of age, settling in Guernsey county. There he took up land from the gov- 
ernment and began the development of a farm. He became the owner of 
two farming properties and in addition conducted a store and hotel, being 
one of the most active, energetic and ]irogres.sive business men of the com- 

A. J. HILL. 

wii.^^ ;u 

Miuiivil in th 

r (h-trict 

<.F his 

father'- farm 

s ill (Min- 

K'ff til 

(. fnl|,,win,u y 

car. Mr, 

and (■(.! 

itinu.Ml t<, ivn 

lain uiMU 

if tWCllt, 

v-(hivr vrai>. 

when he 


munitv. He ,iiaim'(l a jKL-itinn <if aHluciico thrmi.t^li hi< carefully (livcctcl 
labors' and as th;' years passed enjoyrd th.. fruits uf his furincr toil. He 
was married I'l'ceiuhcr il-l. IMil. tn I'^Jizah-lh (lurddn. who \va- li.iru 
in Washington eounty. ^ellll^v]vallia. Fdiriiai'y •"), 1,S()1. and with her hus- 
band shared in all of the har(lslii|i,- and iirivalinn- df pidueer lilV in (Miern-ey 
county. She lived there at a lime when tin' fore,-!.- were infested with wild 
animals and when tlie lndian> ,-hare.l with the white men the claim to the 
land. Oh on., o.vasi.m Aiv r...<cue.l a liir..,l man fn.m w.ilv.- hy u-ine li..t 
embers to prevent their approach. She pos-es,-ed the c.mrati.' an.l r.'.-.ilu- 
tion so necc.-sary to the pioneer women of that day and was a most ahl.' a.— 
sistant and heljimate to her husband. Her .Icath occurred in 1S74. whil.' 
David .M. Hill i.a-s.'d away at th.' a.t^e .if seveiity-tw.i years. 

An.lrew .1. Hill wa,- r.^aivd .m the l.a.'k w.i.i.l- farm an.l in his father's 
hotel at New Birmingham. His c.lucai 
schools and he afterward took charu.. ..f 
nection witii an elder broth. f. who. ho\\. 
Hill wa- marri.'.I al ih.. a.e.' .if nin.'t.vii y. 
his fatli.-rs pla.v until h.. r.^aehe.] th.. a^ 
removed t.i iii.- I.irlliphiee at .X.'w i'.ii'inineliam. Tli..r.. hr -.•.•nr...! iw.i mail 
contracts throueh the iullu..uc.. ..f hi- fri..n.l, .hi-..pli Whil.-, tli..n a con- 
gressman. H(. ..arri.'.l th.. mail lor tour y.'ar.-, making ll|. ronii.l ti'ip of 
forty-two mil.'s from .X.'W Hirmin-ham to (•anil.ri.l,-.. an.l I'.irt \\-ashin.iitoH. 
He aft..rwar.l wnt 1., ( 'amlni.l,^.., (;u..rn-..y e..unty. wli.a-.. li.. vui^^a.-d in 
thi' whol<..sal.. en„.,.n- l,u,-in..-s a- junior partner of tli.. lirni of M..('l..ary A' 
Hill, carryin.e .ni th,. husiii.s- .lannarv, IMIS, nutil iNT:'.. when li.. -old 
his interest and removi'd to -Ma-.-ilLm t.i .•.m.luel th.. 
point. In 1876 he mad., hi- \\a\- lo .\..\\ ( 'oiiii'r.-l.iv 
there eiigaiied in the marhl.. liusiii.>- until ls77. wli; 
of C.i-li.H.lon. Here h.. i-ontinui..] in th.. mai.l.l.. bu.-i 
al,-o .-tart...l his el. lest , in the harn..- bii.-in. ■.-,-. 
dn-lrial inl..r..sts in .ir.l..r to ]ierfonii oni..ial .luli..-. li; 
of th.. ..ourts .111 til.. .l..m.ierati.. ti.-ki.t l.y a lari:.. ma. ..f his tlir... y.'ais' t-..rm h<. wa- i 
majority, runiiiiie far ahea.l of his ti..k<.t — a fact w 
sonal poimlarity an.l th.. coiili.l(.ii(.(. r..]...-...! in liii 

lerk I'.HM) uiilil 10(»o uii.l<.r W. .\. Mi 

1 til.. .itHc.. .•.iv..r...l vears ami .-i.N m. 

I..VOI...1 lnms..lf to hi- pi.i^oiial<. which ar.. .iiiit.. ...xl(.nsive, 


(hi th,. •_'.! .if .Inn,.. IS.VJ. al X.'W I'.irmin-hani. Obi... Mr. Hill wa- mar- 
rie.l t.i :\[i-s Ann Kliza Kimball, who .li...l at N.'w,.r-t.iw!i. Ohio. N.i- 
vember 2, 1870. Ity tlii- inarria.e,. ih.-r.. w..r,. horn ..i.ehi ,.hil,|r..n: Itay 
T., born March 23. bSol ; Au-liii 1>., wli..-,. birlh .i..,.iirr...l .March 20. ls,-„s. 
and who parsed away Oclob-r 4, iNS:!: .Mary ].:iiz,ili<.|li, born F.lirnary 2:1, 
1861: Ernest, who wa- li.irn May 1. l.S';2. and wa- call.'.l t.i bi< final r.-l .m 
the (ith of Oct.ilicr. 18,Sl ; (Jeore,. Franklin, b.irii .May 1, bstl.".. who .lid 

ti.iii wit 
h.. h.-is 
but a-i.l 

Tn.monl Iba 

i.M. at that 
1 boat an.l 

11 h,. li..,-ain.. 

a r..-idcnt 

iu.,-s fol. -olii. 

. lim.. and 

.Mr. Hill pul 

: a-i.le in- 

Ivill.Li b..,.ll ..1. 

.ctr.l cl..rk 

.irity ill 1SS7 

■. <hi th . 

1 IS'.il) hv a . 

-till lareer 


d hi- per- 

1. H.. biler 

-..rv...l as 

^..r. so (bat h 

lis connec- 

.nth-. Since 

Ihat time 


January <>, UIOS : .Tcniiie xVrizoiia, who was born April 9, 1868, and Ls the 
witV iif ].. ]). SchdII, candidate for representative; Ann Eliza Byron, who 
was horn OcKihcr 'Jl, 1873, and is the wife of C. S. Wolford, of Coshocton; 
and unc wIid died in infancy. On the l'3th of February, 1881, Andrew J. 
Hill wa.- married In Nancy l.cnora Ross, of Uhrichsville, Ohio, and to them 
were born two children. 

Since 1868 Mr. Hill lias been a memlx'r nf the Masonic fraternity and 
has taken the degrees of tlie lndL:,c and chapter. From the age of sixteen 
years lie has lieeii a di'volcd and faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and wa.- .-uperiiilcudcnl of the Sunday school at New Birmingham. 
The \viirl< of the church has been a matter of deep interest to him and to it 
he lias given active and generous support. His life has been in harmony 
with lii~ professions, so that he can look back over the past without regret 
and tnrward to the future without fear. His record has commended him to 
the ciiniidence and friendship of all who know him and he is numbered 
ainniie the honored and esteemed citizx'us of Coshocton. 

ISAAC McAllister. 

Isaac McAllister, a successful agriculturist and extensive stock-raiser of 
Linton township, was born in this township on the ■28th of December, 1853, 
his parents being John and Margaret (McMorran) McAllister, both of whom 
were natives of Ireland. They were married in that country and in 1849 
emigrali d id America, locating in Coshocton, Ohio, where they remained 
for a .-hort time, Subseepieiitly the father purchased a farm in Linton town- 
ship, where he made his home for a time but later removed to Guern.sey 
county, there residing until called to his final rest. He owned land in both 
Coshocton and Guernsey counties and met with a creditable degree of success 
in his undertakings. His death occurred in Guernsey county, Ohio, when he 
had attained the age of eighty-three years. 

Isaac McAllister acquired a common-school education, and remained 
with his parents until their demise. He lived for a time on his father's farm 
in Guernsey county, but now makes his home in Coshocton county, being 
here extensively engaged in the raising of sheep, cattle, hogs and horses. At 
one time he o^raed five hundred and fifty acres of land but recently sold two 
hundred acres, and his holdings now comprise four hundred and seventeen 
acres of rich and productive farming property, all of which he operates. The 
place is finely improved, being equipped wdth all the accessories and con- 
veniences of a model property of the twentieth century. Mr. McAllister has 
a beautiful home and is acknowledged to be the wealthiest man in Linton 

In February, 1887, occurred the marriage of Mr. McAllister and Miss 
Rachel Forney, who was born in Linton township in 1864, her parents being 
A. Z. and Hulda (Doty) Forney. Her father, whose birth occurred in Linton 
township, April 14, 1828, became very successful in his business undertak- 


ings and was one of the earliest stoek-raisers. His wife, wlio was Ijovii in 
New Jersey, July 6, 1825, passed away on the -i'.ith of .lun,'. IS!);;, while his 
demise occurred in Linton township nn the 4lh uf Ai)ril, I'.hM. ruin tlii-^ 
worthy couple were born nine children, namely: Tlani,'tle, the wife df f'rauk' 
McAllister; Joseph, of Iowa; James F. and Jnhn A., wlm are ,-ucces-fully 
carrying on agricultural pui-suit-s in Linton township: Sarah, the wife of T. 
K. Swan, of Guernsey county, Ohio; IMr-. McAULster; and three who are 
deceased. Unto our subject and hi.- wlU- have been born four children, 
namely: Florence E., the wife of G. C. Sprague, of Linton township: and 
Laura E., Clara E. and John F., who are at home. 

Mr. McAllister casts his ballot in support of the men and measures of 
the republican party, while his religious faith is indicat.Ml liy his membership 
in the Methodist Protestant church, with which his wife i.- also identified. 
They are well known and highly esteemed throughout the county of their 
nativity, having gained the regard and friendship of all with whom they 
have come in contact by reason of their genuine personal worth and upright, 
honorable lives. 


Joseph E. Smith was born on the farm on which he still resides, in 
Oxford township, Coshocton county, Ohio, on the 16th of March, 1850, his 
parents being George and Elizabeth (Tudor) Smith, natives of England. 
The father was born in 1810, and after attaining mature years followed the 
machinist's trade in England until 1844, when he emigrated to the United 
States, landing in New York. There he boarded a steamboat for Albany, 
thence want by way of the Erie canal to Buffalo, New York, across Lake 
Erie to Cleveland and down the Ohio canal to Evansburg, Coshocton county, 
Ohio. He purchased a large tract of land in Oxford township, in the culti- 
vation of which he was successfully engaged until called to his final rest in 
1873. His wife, whose birth had occurred in 180(3. passed away in ISSO. 
I'nto this woi'tliy couple were born seven children, namely: Thomas T., 
of Oxford towu.-hip. who is mentioned on another page of thi.- volume: \\"\\- 
liam. likewise a resident of Oxford township; Elizabeth, deceased; George, 
residing in Illinois; Harriet, who has also pa,«sed away; Hannah, the wife of 
David "Wood, of Beach City, Ohio; and Joseph E., of this review. 

The last named was reared on the home farm, early becoming familiar 
with all the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist. At the 
time of his marriage he began operating the farm which he now owu^. com- 
prising one hundred and .sixty-eight acres of rich and i)roduetivi laud in 
Oxford township. Here he has a beautiful and commodious residence and 
his place is equipped with all the modern acce.ssories and conveniences of a 
model farming property of the twentieth century. All of the imjirovements 
stand as monuments to his own labor and enterprise, and he is widely recog- 
nized as one of the prosperous and progressive agriculturi.-ts of the com- 


munity. TIr is now rontin.£> the farm to his .-im-iii-law. with whom he makes 
Ills home. 

On til:' '2d (if I'ehruary. IS?."), Mr. Smith wa.^ united in marriage to 
Miss Eliza J. Kenton, a native of Irehind. who pa.-se<l away on the Vlth of 
December, 1!H)7. wlien sixty-two years of a.ue. Her [larents, Samuel and 
Jane Fenton. i'mi>j,raled to the United State- in 1S4S. and after spending five 
years in "Wadiiniiton eounty, Peun-ylvania, located in Adams township, 
Coshocton county, Ohio, where they ]ia.->cd away. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Smith 
were horn two children: Nora, who^c hirlh oc(an'red April 29, 1876, gave 
her hand in marriase to (niy Powell ou the -Jiltli of Scjitember, 1898, and 
they have a daughter, \'era'l)ale. Mr. I'owell is a native of White Ey&s 
township. Coshocton county, his natal day heinii March (i. l.S7i.). Archie V. 
Smith is deceased. 

^Iv. Smith is a stalwart democrat in his political views, and is a devoted 
mendjer of the Presbyterian church, with which his wife was also identified. 
A native son of this county, the period of his residence here now covers fifty- 
eight years, and throughout the entire time he has so lived as to win the 
respect and confidence of all with whom he has been associated. 


"William Clark, a retired agrieulturi.-l residing in Perry township, was 
horn in New Castle township, Co.shoctou county, Ohio, October 22, 1828, 
his ]i:ircnls h.'ing Joshua and Mary (Giffen) Clark. The grandfather. John 
Clark, located in Coshocton county and passed away in Champaign county. 
The father, who was probably a native of Harrison county, came to New 
Castle township, Co.shocton county, in early manhood, being numbered among 
the early settlers here. He spent a summer in Knox county, whicli was then 
a wild and unsettled region — the abode of Indians and the haunt of many 
kinds of wild animals. Subsequently returning to this county, he took up 
his aliode in New Castle township and here made his home until called to 
hi.- final n st in l.S<)7. Starting out in life empty handed, he worked per- 
sistently and energetically and at length his labor- were crowned with a well 
merited measure of success. His early political allegiance was given to the 
democracy but later he became an enthusia-tic jirohibitionLst and an aboli- 
tionist. The mother of our subject, a native of Co-hoctim cianity. was reared 
and marriid in New Castle township, where her death also occurred. She 
had four cliil.lreu, namely: William, of thi- review: Lovey, the wife of Wil- 
liam Wharloii, a retired i)lacksmitli and farmer .>f Coshocton county: .Mien, 
who follows agricultural pursuits in Knox county. Ohio; and Elizabeth, de- 
ceased. Following the death of his first wife .h).-hua Clark was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Miss Ellen \\'ilsou. by whom he had nine 

William Clark was educated in a district school, the "temple of learning" 
being a little log structure characteristic of those pioneer times. He re- 


■iirs (if,.' and 




in New ('a>llc a 

nd !■ 


it i 

m Kn.ix ciinnly. 




two IhiimIiviI a 




(1 w/ll inipfdvi ( 

1 huu 

.1 in 


r financial a-M.-t 




1 (1 sdni.'wliat liv 

• the 



~ lifc-cnt fafin. 


■ at- 


IS in the sllccp 




y, with the cxc 


n ()f 

ind (•iitcri)ri>c a 

nd 1 

1.' is 


nHncntial citizci 

i~ (if 



maiiied at home with his fatlier until thirty-tw 

out hL~ active but^iuess career has followed faini 

townships, with the exception of fifteen years sp 

time he owned five hundred acres of land lint 

now has three hundred aiul forty acres nf rid 

Perry township. He started out in life withdut 

the success which has attended his efforts is im 

that he paid twenty thousand dollars cash fd 

tributes his success in large measure to his up; i 

The many substantial improvements mi hi- ]iii 

the residence, stand as monuments to lii^- thr 

widely recognized as one of the iirospcron- and 

county. He made a contriliution of five hundred ddllars tn the war fund 

which obviated the necessity of the draft in his township. 

Mr. Clark has been married twice. In IcSTS he wedded Mi.-s Hannah 
Veatch, by whom he had seven children, as follows: l-'lmer. a farmer of 
Perry township; Walter, who follows agricultural pursuits in New Castle 
township: Harriett Ellen, deceased: Mollie. the wife of (4eorge McClelland 
Oxley, who is engaged in farming in New Castle township: Sylvia, the wif.' 
of Gilbert Bryan, a farmer of Washington township: Charles F., who re- 
sides near Martin.sburg, Ohio; and Bertha, at home. Subsequent to the 
death of his first wife INIr. Clark married Mrs. Hannah Teale. a native of 
Coshocton county. 

In politics Mr. Clark is a .stalwart republican but ha- never sought the 
honors or emoluments of office, preferring to give hi- time and energies to 
his private business intere.sts. Throughout his entire life covering a prriod 
of eighty years, Mr. Clark has made his hoiiK." in tlii- cmuity and ha- been 
an important factor in its agricultural develdpmeiit. ^^'id(■ly known, his life 
hi.story cannot fail to |irove of interest to hi- many friends, and it is there- 
fore with iileasure that we iiresent this recdrd df his carei r tn (Uir readers. 


A glance at the well improved farm df two hundred acr(As lielonging 
to David A. CuUison is the best evidence of what can be accdinpli-hed through 
determined purpose, laudaljle ambition and ca|iable nianaiii'ineiit. Mr. CuUi- 
son was born in Holme.- county. May 'I't. IS.'iT. a -mi of Alexander and Sarah 
(Watts) Cullison. The father wa,- a -oldicr of the Civil w:n- and wa- kilhd 
in battle, leaving the motlier to -npport four -inall children. She re- 
moved with her little family to Dre-dcn. Mii-kiiiLiinii counly. and as soon 
as old enough David A. began to pnividc for hi- own -upport. -o that his 
educational advantages were necessarily \cr\- limilcd. He .-ecnrcd work at 
farm labor and for several years wa- eniploxcd in tlii- way by .rohn Haines 
of Bedford township. Through icononiy and energy he managed to save 
a sum of monev that .jnstiHe(l him in starting in mi hi- own account 


and after inve-sting in a team and implements for carrying on farm work he 
operated rented land in Bethlehem township for one year. In March, 1885, 
he removed to his present farm which comprises two hundred acres situated 
m .Taclvson tnwn.-hii). It is improved with a good country residence, sub- 
stauliiil luinis :ui(l (intl)nilding.s for the shelter of grain and stock, and in 
addition to raising the cereals best adapted to soil and climate he also raises 
good grades of .stock. Mr. Cullison deserves great credit for what he has 
accomplished and is cla.?sed among the substantial citizens of this section 
of the state. 

Mr. Cullison was married November 29, 1883, the lady of his choice 
being Alice L. Milligan, a daughter of William and Lena (Haines) 
Milligan, of Coshocton county, both of whom have passed away. The mar- 
riage of Air. and Mrs. Cullison has been blessed with seven children but the 
youngest, Iva M., is now deceased. Those living are: Pearl M., the wife 
of Joseph Sowers; Minnie E., the wife of Denman Sowers; Roy J.; Bertha 
B. ; Bulah J.; and Bessie M. 

Mr. Cullison gives his political support to the democratic party and aside 
from acting as school director for several years has filled no public office. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Character and ability 
will come to the front anywhere. As boy and man, many a man has been 
buffeted by fortune and had almost insurmountable obstacles thrust in his 
path but per.severance has cleared them away and he has gone on to success, 
and this is what Mr. Cullison has done. 


William Smith, a retired agriculturist of Oxford township, was born in 
England, July 31, 1834, his parents being George and Elizabeth (Tudor) 
Smith, also natives of England, the father born in 1810 and the mother in 
1806. In the year 1846 George Smith emigrated to the United States and 
took up his abode in Coshocton county, Ohio, being here engaged in the op- 
eration of rented land for four or five years. On the expiration of that period 
he purchased a farm and that he met with a gratifying measure of success 
in his undertakings is indicated by the fact that at the time of his death his 
holdings comprised four hundred acres of rich and productive land. He was 
called to his final rest on the 16th of .Inly, 1873, while his wife passed away 
in 1880. Unto this worthy couple were born six children, namely: T. T., of 
Oxford town.ship; William, of this review; Elizabeth, deceased; George, a 
resident of Johnson county, Illinois; Anna, the wife of David C. Wood, of 
Tuscarawas county: and Joseph, living in Coshocton county. 

William Smith acquired a common school education and remained un- 
der the parental roof until he had attained the age of twenty-three years, 
when he was married and located on the farm' in Oxford township, on which 
he still resides. Throughout his active business career he has been con- 
nected with farming interests and by dint of untiring industry and capable 


luanagfiiieiit won thf iuea.-urc_' nf ]ii-n.-.[.rrit\- thai uuw eiiablca him to live 
retired. -In addition to the wnrk <t\' the liclds hr made a specialty of stock- 
raising, both branches of his busim-s rctiiruim; to him a gratifying annual 
income. He now owns three hundred and thirty-.-ix acres of liighly culti- 
vated land in this county and is well kunwu :uid hitihly e-teemed as a |iros- 
perous and entei-prising citizen. 

:\Ir. Smith was united in marriage to Mis^ .Vun Taylor, a native of Co- 
-liocton county and a daughter of .lo-eph and Barbara (.McFarland) Taylor, 
both of whom are now deceased, the father having passed away in 1868. Mrs. 
Smith was one of a family of six children and by her marriage has become 
the mother of ten. a.s follows: .7. ~\V. and Clifford, both residents of Adams 
towii-liip; .T.,.-..pli an.l William T.. who are deceased; Emma D., the wife 
of A.juilla Dos.-i... of New Comer-town, Ohio; Ca.ssie. the wife of Byron 
Barue. of Tndianapoli-, Indiana: Frank, living in Oxford town.ship : Burt. 
of Barlierton. Ohio: Lula. tlie wife of :\[art Swagart. of Licking county; 
and Richard. 

^Ir. Smith is a. democrat in liis politit-d views and for one year served 
as township sujiervisoi-. l^otli lie and liis wife are devoted and faithful niem- 
bi'r.- of the :\Ietliodi-t Protestant church at Orange, and have won the warm 
ng.:ird and friiaid<hiji of all with whom they have come in contact during 
tlie long period of their residence here. 


Dr. "William A. Dougherty, a succe.-sful medical practitioner of Fresno, 
was born in White Eyes township, Coshocton county, Ohio, hi.-:; parents being 
.Tohn and Elizabeth (Dickey) Dougherty. The father, whose birth occurred 
in Belmont county, Ohio, in February, 1830, accompanied his parents on 
their removal to Coshocton county in 1840, the family home being estab- 
lished ujion a farm in White Eyes township. There John Dougherty was 
reared and married, and carried on general agricultural pursuits until the 
time of his retirement from active business life, having since resided in 
Fresno. His wife, a native of Scotland, was only two months old when brought 
by her ]iarents to the new world. They took up their abode in White Eyes 
town.-hip. Coshocton county, where her father carried on farming until the 
time of his demise. Mrs. Dougherty j^assed away in 1903, when she had 
attained the age of sixty-seven years. She had become the mother of five 
children, namely: William A., of this review; Margaret, the wife of Milton 
Elliott, of White Eyes towushi]i: (>. A., who is attorney for the Sotithern 
Pacific Railroad at Berkeley, California: May. deceased: and Cornea, who is 
a nmsic teacher and resides at home. 

William A. Dougherty was reared on the home farm and supplemented 
his district-school education by attending the high school at Coshocton for 
one year, while for a similar period be was a student at Hopedale. For one 
year he attended ^Muskingum College and then spent two years in the Ohio 


State University at Columbus, after which he entered the Chicago Veterinary 
College, being graduated from that institution in 1890. He then' practiced 
his profession at Bucyrus, Ohio, for eight years, meeting with a gratifying 
measure of success. Subsequently he took up the study of medicine in the 
Kentucky School of Medicine at Louisville, from which he was graduated 
in 1904, and since that time has practiced in Fresno. His labors in the line 
of his chosen profession have won him a large and well merited degree of 
prosperity and he is well known and highly esteemed as a worthy repre- 
sentative of his calling. For eight years he was health officer at Bucyrus, 
while he served as government meat inspector at Cleveland for one year 
and also at Chicago for a similar period. 

In his political views Dr. Dougherty is independent, while his religious 
faith is indicated by his membership in the Presbyterian church. Fraternally 
he is connected with the Masonic lodge at Coshocton, the Knights of Pythias, 
No. 108, of Bucyrus, Ohio, and the Modern Woodmen of America, No. 11688, 
of Fresno. 


Untiring energy and determined purjaose have characterized the labors 
of David Markley, Jr., who is now engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
Tuscarawas township, operating the old homestead property. He was born 
October 1,1868, a son of David and Salina (Payne) Markley, whose paternal 
ancestors came to Coshocton county from Maryland and maternal ancestors 
from Massachusetts and are of German descent. 

David Markley, Jr., whose name introduces this review, was reared on 
the home farm, early becoming familiar with all the duties and labors that 
fall to the lot of the agriculturist. He began his education in the common 
schools, this being supplemented by study in the Ohio Wesleyan University, 
at Delaware, Ohio. After attending for a time at Delaware he returned to 
the home farm and became an active factor in its management. This is a 
well improved tract, comprising one hundred and sixty-five acres situated in 
Tuscarawas township. Mr. Markley is engaged in raising the various cereals 
best adapted to soil and climate and each year adds to his financial income 
through the abundant crops which he harvests. 

Mr. Markley was married October 4, 1896, to Miss Minnie G. j\Iohler, 
a daughter of George W. and Clara B. Mohler. This union was blessed with 
a son and daughter, David and Ruth. After a brief married life, covering 
little more than four years, Mrs. Markley was called from this life, her death 
occurring December 18, 1900, since which time Mr. Markley's sister. Miss 
Annie E. Markley, has resided with him, their home being on the old home- 
stead property at Canal Lewisville. 

Mr. Markley gives his political support to the republican party and has 
twice been elected to fill the office of justice of the peace of Tuscarawas 
township, wliich usually gives a strong democratic majority. He is also 


a nifiuber of the Grange. Hls progi-e.-N-^ive iiiethods arc such a.-< win for 
him excellent success in his business undertakings, \Vhile his public spirit 
is manifested in the support of every movement or measure calculated to 
better the material welfare of the communitv in which he makes his home. 


L. T. Church, who is engaged in agricultural pursuits on a tract of two 
hundred acres, situated in Tiverton township, was Vjorn on the farm which 
is now his home, September IS, l,S.")ii, a son of Benjamin Simmons and 
Margaret Elizabeth (Cox) Church. In the paternal line he traces his an- 
cestry back for eight generations. The family was founded in Coshocton 
county by the paternal grandfather. Colonel Lemuel Church, who was born 
in Massachusetts and came to Coshocton county in the early '20s. He was 
a shoemaker by trade and also followed farming. His son, Benjamin S. 
Church, was born in Coshocton county and after completing his education 
engaged in teaching and also clerked in a store. He later engaged in the 
mercantile business, being at various times, in Brinkhaven and Spring 
Mountain. Later in life he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 
1865. He practiced in Cosshocton, Holmes and Knox counties, and at the 
time of hi.s death wa.-^ associated in practice with Charles A^orhees, at INIillers' 
burg. He was admitted to practice before the United States courts and prac- 
ticed in several states. In politics he was a republican and was twice nom- 
inated for congressman but was defeated. His death occurred in 1900 and 
his remains were interred in Borden cemetery in Tiverton township. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Margaret E. Cox, was a relative of Henry 
Clay and Sunset Cox. She was a native of Virginia and was left an orphan 
when quite young. She became the mother of six children: John R., who 
follows fanning at New Philadelphia; Emma C, the wife of T. T. Finney, 
a nurseryman of Millereburg, Ohio; Robert L., a retired merchant of Glen- 
wood, this state; L. T., of this review; Eugenie, deceased, who was the wife 
of B. A. Simmons; and Kittie, who taught school in Delaware prior to her 
marriage and is now the wife of A. (!. Duer, a very successful attorney of 
Toledo," Ohio. 

L. T. Churcli jiur-md hi- studies in the .-chools of Miller.-burg and 
Danville, suhsecjuent to which time he engaged in teaching for two years 
in Holmes county. At the end of that time he returned to the homestead 
fann in Coshocton county and has since made his home here, owning at 
the present time two hundred acres of well improved and valuable land. 
He carries on general farming and everything about his place is kept in 
a neat and thrifty appearance, indicating the progressive methods of the 

Air. Church was married Octoljer 25. 1898. the lady of his choice being 
Mis- Ida AVilson, a resident of AVai-saw. A little daughter and son grace 
the home, Alildred Lea and Wilson C. Mr. Church i.- a rei.ublican in his 


political views and affiliations, having supported the party since age con- 
ferred upon him the right of franchise. Both he and his wife are membei-s 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. They are highly esteemed in the com- 
munity in which they make their home, their many good traits of char- 
acter having gained them favor with their many friends. 


Mrs. Mary C. Laurence, the wife of Ca.simer Laurence, was born in Ger- 
many, June 2, 1845. She came to America in the early '60s and located 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where in 186'3 she gave her hand in mar- 
riage to Casimer Laurence. Immediately after their marriage they started 
for Ohio, settling at Stone Creek, Tuscarawas county, where they resided un- 
til 1869. In that year thej^ became residents of Crawford township, Coshoc- 
ton county, where they remained for a few years and then came to Adams 
township, where Mr. Laurence purchased a farm of two hundred and fifty 
acres about a mile north of the village of Bakersville. AVith characteristic 
energy he began the further development and improvement of thi.s place 
and soon the fields responded with rich harvests and his crops found a ready 
sale on the market. He worked earnestly and diligently to make his farm 
one of the model ijroperties of the community and his efforts were noticeable 
in the excellent appearance of his fields, Avhile the buildings upon the place 
were always kept in a state of good repair. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Laurence were born ten children: Maggie, now the 
wife of W. C. Fritz, a resident of Ottawa, Ohio; Emma E., the wife of Con- 
rad Stine, of this county; Anna C, the wife of Christ Zimmerman, also of 
this county; Ella, the wife of Glenn Davis, of Coshocton county; Charles 
H., who was born January 8, 1877, and married Esther Jane Davis, by whom 
he has four children, Raymond P., Florence E., Charles C. and Terra May; 
Frederick G., who is living in Tuscarawas county; Harry E., home 
is in Iowa; W. C, also of Tuscarawas county; Catharine, the wife of Henry 
Thomas, now deceased; and Sadie, who married and at her death left one 

The death of the husband and father occurred May 22, 1903. and a 
widow and eight children were left to mourn his demise. He was a leading 
and influential resident of his community and enjoyed to the fullest extent 
the confidence and good will of all who knew him. His political views were 
in harmony with the principles of the democratic party and he did all in 
his power to further the interests of the party along legitimate lines. He 
served as county commissioner for six years and was also justice of the peace 
for several years. The duties that devolved upon him in this connection 
were discharged in a very prompt and capable manner and won for him the 
high commendation of all concerned. His death, therefore, was a distinct 
loss to the community, as well as to his family, to whom he was a devoted 
husband and father. 


Mrs. Laurence still owns and occupies the old homestead ijroperty of two 
hundred aud fifty acres in Adams township. It is a valuable and well im- 
proved farm and is now being carried on by her son Charles H., who is a 
progressive and wide-awake agriculturist. Mi's. Laurence is a member of 
the German Eeformed church and is a ladj' of many good qualities, of 
kindly spirit and friendly disposition, who enjoys the esteem and good will 
of all who know her. 


Lewis McFarland owns and cultivates a farm in White Eyes township, 
comprising one hundred and fifty-five acres, and the improvements seen 
thereon indicate his progressive spirit and the practical methods which he 
employs in his work. He is numlimd among the native sons of Illinois, 
his birth having occurred in that slair Xnvrinlicr 3. 1857. His parents were 
Andrew and Rosanna (Norman) Mcl^arlaud, lioth of whom are natives of 
Ohio, the latter being a daughter of Abraham Norman, one of the prominent 
pioneer residents here. Following their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Mc- 
Farland removed to Illinois, where they lived for several years. They then 
sold that property and returned to Coshocton county, where they spent their 
remaining daj'S, the death of the father here occurring in 1872, while the 
mother survived until 1890. Their family numliered fifteen children, of 
whom eight are yet living. 

No event of special importance occurred to vary the routine of farm life 
for Lewis McFarland in his boyhood and youth. He performed his tasks 
as his age and strength permitted, and in the district schools he obtained 
his education. He was twenty years of age at" the time of his marriage to Lizzie McClary, who was born in Coshocton county March 18, 1860, 
and is a daughter of John and Sarah Ann (Norman) McClary, both of 
whom are now deceased. The mother passed away in 1878, while the father's 
death occurred in 1900. They had fourteen children, including their daugh- 
ter Lizzie, who in 1877 gave her hand in marriage to Lewis McFarland. The 
young couple began their domestic life upon a rented farm, where they lived 
for a few years until their careful expenditure and diligence afforded them 
sufficient capital to enable them to purchase a farm. Mr. McFarland then 
bought a tract of land in Adams township and continued its further cultiva- 
tion and improvement until 1898, when he sold that property and bought the 
place upon which he now resides, which is a tract of one hundred and fifty- 
five acres in White Eyes township. He has improved this and made it a 
good property, equipped with all modern accessories and conveniences. It 
presents an attractive appearance and constitutes one of the pleasing views 
in the landscape. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. McFarland have been born fifteen children : Alver- 
ton, deceased; Mary E., the wife of Frank Geese, of Lafayette township; 
Nettie Ann, the wife of P. Gaskill, of this county; Sigle R., who is living 


in Canton, Ohio; Charles C, at home; Geneva M., the wife of Lewis Miller, 
of Fresno; Clara B., the wife of William Harbolt, of Linton township; Min- 
nie P., Bertha G. and Timothy E., all yet at home; Clarence, deceased; 
Laura M. and Helen G., who are also with their parents; Grace, deceased; 
and one who died in infancy. The parents attend the Methodist Episcopal 
church and contribute to its support. Mr. McFarland votes with the repub- 
lican party and has filled the office of school director, but does not seek pub- 
lic notoriety, preferring to concentrate his attention upon his business inter- 
ests, which are now bringing to him substantial success, so that he is today 
numbered among the prosperous farmers of the county. 


Ralph S. l'liilli]i.~, who is a well-to-do farmer and stock-raiser, owning 
two hundred and eighty acres of land in his home place and seventy acres in 
another tract, was until recent years actively identified with the educational 
life of this section of the state. He is now numbered among the substantial 
agriculturists of Franklin and Virginia townships. Mr. Phillips was born 
November 21, 1853, in Lafayette township, a son of Simeon and Phoebe 
(Shaw) Phillips, the former a native of New York, and the latter of New 
Jersey, coming to Coshocton county with their respective parents at an early 

Ralph S. Phillips was reared on the homestead farm and acquired his 
education in the district schools and in the public schools of West Lafay- 
ette. In the fall of 1876, having completed his own education and fitted 
himself for teaching, he became a member of the profession, being thus em- 
ployed for two yeai-s in the schools of Crawford county, Illinois. It was 
soon after his arrival in Crawford county that he was married to Miss 
Louisa Baker, their marriage being celebrated on Christmas day of 1876. 
She is a daughter of Edward and Sarah (Paddock) Baker, who were former 
residents of Coshocton county. Following his marriage Mr. Phillips re- 
mained in Crawford county for two years, or until 1878, when he returned 
once more to his native county and was employed in the West Lafayette 
schools for one year. Subsequently he taught in Lafayette, Franklin and 
Virginia townships, teaching almost continuously until 1904. He was con- 
sidered one of the progressive and up-to-date educators of this section of the 
state, always giving entire satisfaction in the various districts in which he 
was employed. 

It was in the fall of 1879 that Mr. Phillips took up his abode upon his 
present farm, this being located near Conesville, and while he still gave his 
attention to teaching during the winter months he followed general farming 
during the spring and summer seasons. His home place comprises two hun- 
dred and eighty acres of land in Franklin township, and he also owns a 
tract of seventy acres near West Lafayette. Both farms are well improved 
. and well stocked and return to him a gratifying annual income. As above 


stated. Mr. Phillips abandoned the profession of teaching in 1;hi4, and in 
the fall of the year was appointed carrier on the firet rural mail route 
out of Conesville. He continued in the po.sition imtil January. I'-'OT. when 
he re.«igned and has .^ince given hi.- entire time and attention \n his farming 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Phillips has been blessed with the follow- 
ing children : William H. ; John E. ; Clyde : Be.s.sie, the wife of Je.-se Holds- 
\'.orth; and Anna L. They also lest one child in infancy. 

Mr. Phillips i.s a republican in his political view.s. giving stalwart .-up- 
port to the party. He has been called by his fellow townsmen to fill a num- 
ber of public offices, having served for three terms a.? township trustee and 
he was ako land appraiser for Franklin township in 1900. He has also 
.-erved for several year.s a.s a member of the Conesville district school board 
and was instrumental in securing for the district its fine, modern brick 
school building. His religious faith is indicated by his membership in the 
^Iethodi.=t Episcopal church. He is well known in all public and political 
circle.s and has often represented his party as a delegate to conventions. He 
is a public-spirited citizen and has always taken a deep and active interest 
in schools in order that his own and other children might receive an educa- 
tion .suited to the demands of the time and that they might start out in life 
well equipped for the eager, strenuous life of this exacting age. He is also 
known for his honor and integrity, for in his relations with his fellowmen, 
and in his treatment of his neighbor he has never lost sight of the principle 
of the Golden Rule. 


Howard M. Hook, who follows farming in Keene township, was born 
in Bethlehem township, Coshocton county, Ohio, July 4, 1855, his parents 
being Isaac and Kissie (Skillman) Hook, who were also natives of Bethlehem 
town.ship. The father pa.ssed aw-ay in this county at the age of seventy- 
four years but the mother, who is now in her eightieth year, still survives 
and makes her home with her children. Unto this worthy couple w-ere born 
eight children, namely: Newton N., a resident of Coshocton: Etha. the wife 
of Harrison Courtwright, of Coshocton, Ohio; Howard M., of this review; 
Susan, deceased: Jane, the wife of Frardc West, of this county: Minney, the 
wife of George Webb, of Coshocton. Ohio; ^Mildred, the wife of Ira Hogien. 
of Indiana: and George. 

Howard M. Hook acquired a conniion-school education and remained 
under the parental roof until he had attained the age of tw-enty-fonr years, 
when he was married. Subsequently he was engaged in the operation of a 
rented farm for twelve years and then purchased a tract of land of forty 
acres, on which he made his home for three years. On the expiration of 
that period he sold out and bought some property in Coshocton, where he 
also resided for three years. He then once more rented a farm, which he 


successfully cultivated for three years, when he purchased his present place, 
comprising thirtj^-one acres of well improved and valuable land in Keene 
township. In the conduct of his agricultural interests he has met with a well 
merited measure of success by reason of his unremitting industry and dili- 
gence and is a well known and respected resident of the community. 

Mr. Hook was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary C. Bible, a daughter of 
Philip R. Bible, who is mentioned on another page of this work. Their two 
children were as follows: Wilbert, who is now deceased; and Frank, living 
in Jackson township. 

In his political views j\Ir. Hook is a republican and has served a.s school 
director, the cause of education ever finding in him a stalwart champion. 
Having resided here throughout his entire life, or for more than a half 
century, his interests are thorou,i;lil>' identified with those of Coshocton 
county and at all times he is rc:i(l\' lo Imd his aid and cooperatiou to any 
movement instituted to advance the ^I'ucral welfare. 


Few men of Lakin E. Bluck's age have won the degree of success which 
he today enjoys. He is now the owner of two hundred and thirty-five acres 
of rich and valuable land situated in Oxford township, and is numbered 
'among the young and enterprising farmers and stock-raisers of this section 
of the state. He was born in Coshocton county, August 6, 1867, the only 
child of Edwin and Mary C. (Whiteside) Bluck. 

The father was born in England, January 24, 1843, and came with his 
pai'ents to America when a little lad of ten years, the family home being e.«- 
tablished in Coshocton county where the father followed farming. He was 
also a soldier of the Civil war, enlisting as a mennber of Company A, One 
Hundred and Seventy-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, at Newark, with 
which he served until the close of hostilities. His marriage to Mis.5 AVhite- 
side was celebrated in 1866 soon after his return from the war. She was 
born in Coshocton county March 3, 1847, and became the mother of only 
one child, Lakin E., whose name introduces this review. The parents are 
both now deceased. The father died October 9, 1907, and the mother 
passed away November 26, 1900. They were numbered among the worthy 
pioneers of this section of the state and their loss was deeply felt by many 
friends and neighbors as well as by the members of their own immediate 

Lakin E. Bluck acquired his education in the common .-schools, wherein 
he mastered the branches of learning that well fitted him for the arduous 
and responsible duties of life. He spent his youth and early manhood in 
much the usual manner of farmers, and remained under the parental roof 
until the time of his marriage, which occurred in 1892, the lady of his choice 
being Miss Lizzie A. Smith, who was born in Coshocton county, June 25, 
1870, one of a family of eight children, born of the marriage of Thomas 


and Elizabeth (Everal) Smith, natives of this county. The father still sur- 
vives and makes his home in this county. The mother died Octolier 23, 

Following his marriage Mr. Bluck took up his abode upon a farm and 
ha.? carried on agricultural pursuits to the present time. He is now the 
owner of two hundred and thirty-five acres of rich and well improved land 
situated in Oxford township, and in addition to raising the various cereals best 
adapted to soil and climate he makes a specialty of raising stock, both 
branches of his business proving a profitable source of revenue to him. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Bluck has been blessed with two sons: Rus- 
sell M., who was born February 18, 1893, and who at the death of his grand- 
father inherited one hundred and thirty-three and a third acres of land in 
Lafayette township; and Walter L., who was born on Christmas day of 1902, 
and is now a little lad of six years. Mr. Bluck gives his political support to the 
men and measures of the democratic party. Both he and his wife are memljers 
of the Methodist Protestant church. He belongs to that class of representa- 
tive young men who rapidly discern opportunities of improvement and who 
are rapidly forging to the front. He always adheres to honorable methods 
in his dealings with his fellowmen and is therefore highly esteemed by all 
with whom he comes in contact. 


.John .J. Croft was born on the farm in Mill Creek township, Coshocton 
county, which is still his home, his natal day being April 18, 1841. His 
parents, John and Catharine (Conrad) Croft, natives of Germany and West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania, respectively, are deceased. When eleven 
years of age the father accompanied his parent-^ on their emigration to the 
United States and, after residing in Philadelphia for a short time, came to 
Coshocton county, Ohio, in the early "?>(U. T'ntd John Croft and his wife 
were born sixteen children, uamcly: .IdIiii .].. (if this review; Solomon, a 
resident of Mill Creek township; Leonard, living in Holmes county, Ohio; 
Catharine, the wife of Francis Bender, of Mill Creek township; Christina, the 
wife of William Farver, of Holmes county, Ohio; Henry, also residing in 
Mill Creek township; and ten who have passed away. 

John J. Croft acquired a common-school education and remained un- 
der the parental roof until he had attained his majority. He then purchased 
a farm and later bought the old homestead place of one hundred and thir- 
ten acres, in the cultivation of which he has since been successfully engaged. 
At one time, however, he was also identified with the hardware business as 
a member of the firm of Brown & Croft at New Bedford. In the conduct of 
his agricultural interests he has met with a gratifying and well merited uiea~- 
ure nf prosperity, the fields annually yielding golden harvests as a reward 
for the care and labor he bestows upon them. 

On the 16th of April. LS72, Mr. Croft was joined in wedlock to Miss 
Mary Aim Brown, whose liirth occurred in this county in 1848, her parents 


being Henry and Rebecca (Snyder) Brown, who are now deceased. Mrs. 
Croft was one of a family of eight children and by her marriage has become 
the mother of five, as follows: Milton H. and Percy, both living in Mill Creek 
township; Claudius 0., a resident of Baltic, Ohio; Victor F., of Kansas City; 
Alto Rebecca, the wife of G. D. Whittaker, of Kansas City. Our subject and 
his wife also have eight grandchildren. 

In his political views Mr. Croft is a democrat and has held several town- 
ship offices, ever discharging his public duties in a creditable and satisfac- 
tory manner. Both he and his wife are faithful members of the Reformed 
church and are well known and highly esteemed throughout the county in 
which they have spent their entire lives. 


Thomas T. Smith, who is residing on his valuable farm of three hun- 
dred acres in Oxford township, was born in Gloucestershire, England, De- 
cember 18, 1831, his parents being George and Elizabeth (Tudor) Smith, 
also natives of that country. The father was born in 1810, and after attain- 
ing mature yeare followed the machinist's trade in England until 1844. when 
he emigrated to the United States, landing in New York. There he boarded 
a steamboat for Albany, thence went by way of the Erie canal to Buffalo, New 
York, across Lake Erie to Cleveland and down the Ohio canal to Evansburg, 
Coshocton county, Ohio. He purchased a large tract of land in Oxford town- 
ship, in the cultivation of which he was successfully engaged until called to 
his final rest in 1873. His wife, whose birth had occurred in 1806, passed 
away in 1880. Unto this worthy couple were born seven children, namely; 
Thomas T., of this review; William, of Oxford township; Elizabeth, de- 
cea.sed; George, residing in Illinois; Harriet, who has also pa.ssed away; 
Hannah, the wife of David AVood, of Beach City. Ohio; and Joseph E., of 
Oxford township. 

Thomas T. Smith attended the schools of his native land, and was thir- 
teen years of age when he accompanied his parents on their emigration to 
the new world. He remained at home until the time of his marriage and 
then began the operation of a rented farm. Subsequently he and a brother 
purchased a tract of land and later, buying hLs brother's interest, he became 
the owner of three hundred acres of rich and productive farming property 
in Oxford township, which is still in his possession. The place is now being 
farmed by his son and sons-in-law and returns to him a gratifying annual 
income. He has met with success in his undertakings and in former years 
gave considerable attention to the raising of stock, principally .«heep. 

Mr. Smith has been twice married. On the 22d of September, 1857, he 
wedded Mi.?s Elizabeth Everall, whose birth occurred in Oxford township, 
September 5, 1835, and who passed away on the 23d of October, 1891. Her 
father, John Everall. a native of England, crossed the Atlantic to the United 
States and took up his abode in Oxford township. Coshocton county, in 


1830. By his first wife our subject had the followiug children, luunely: 
Lawrence W., of New Comerstown, Ohio; ]\Iary A., deceased; Laura Y.. the 
wife of Samuel Hufford, of Oxford township; Harriet E., who is the wife 
of James H. Norris and resides in Adams township; John T., living in Adams 
township; Martha Ann, the wife of Lakin Bluck, of Lafayette township; 
George W. W., who makes his home in Seattle, Washington; and Lottie 
ALaude, the wife of Frank Wise, of New Comerstown, Ohio. On the 23d of 
October, 1896, Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Mrs. Eveline Coots, the 
widow of Charles Coots. She was born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
December 5, 1831, her parents being Thomas and Elizabeth (Blair) Grow- 
den, the former a native of England and the latter of Bedford county, Penn- 
sylvania. Thomas Grow^den was nineteen yeai-s of age ^vhen he came to 
America, and both he and his wife passed away in Bedford county, Penn- 

In his political views Mr. Smith is a democrat and has taken an active 
interest in the local work of the party, having served as township trustee for 
three terms, also as road supervisor and in a number of school offices. His 
religious faith is indicated by his membership in the United Brethren 
church, and he is widelv and favorably known as a suKstantial and worthy 
citizen of this county, where he has now made his home for almost two- 
thirds of a centurv. 


Mrs. ^lary Hackenbracht was born in Lafayette township, Coshocton 
county, Ohio, August 24, 1845, her parents being Simeon and Phoebe 
(Shaw) Phillips. Her father, a native of Nevr Jersey, who was born March 
13, 1798, came west at a very early day, locating in Roscoe, Coshocton county, 
Ohio, where he followed blacksmithing. His brother was one of the first 
settlers in Roscoe and was a cabinetmaker by trade. Coming to Lafayette 
township, Simeon Phillips purchased ninety-eight acres of land, which is 
now in po.ssession of ]\Irs. Hackenbracht. It was covered with brush and is 
believed to have been a camping ground for the Indian.s, a.s hundreds of 
arrowheads were found on the place. The father of our subject was a success- 
ful man and a prominent citizen of his community, holding various town- 
ship offices. His death occurred when he had attained the age of sixty-one 
years. He was twice married, his first union being with Sarah Hart, by 
whom he had two children, both of whom are deceased. For his .second wife 
he chose ^ Phoebe Shaw, whose birth occurred in county, New Jer- 
.sey, and who was eleven years of age when she accompanied her parents on 
their removal to Coshocton county. She pas,sed away in May, 1891, when 
sixty-five years of age. Unto Simeon and Phoebe (Shaw) Phillips were born 
nine children, three of whom still sur\'ive: INIrs. Mary Hackenbracht; Ralph, 
residing in Conesville, Ohio; and James, of Converse, Indiana. 


Oil tlie 27th of December, 187'6, Mary Phillips became the wife of 
George Hackenbi^acht, whose birth occurred on Stone Creek, Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, August 24, 1849. By this union there were seven children, 
namely: Frank W., who is a telegraph operator for the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Company; Henry and Sarah, both at home; Lillian, the wife of 
Grant Woodmansee, of Converse, Indiana; Ralph, a telegraph operator for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company; Oscar, deceased; and Clyde, at home. 
All of the children -have received a good education in the West Lafayette 
high school and four have teacher'.e certificates, the two eldest having taught 

For nine years following their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Hackenbracht 
lived on a farm which they owned north of New Comerstown in Tuscarawas 
county. Since 1891, however, Mrs. Hackenbracht has made her home on 
her finely improved farm of one hundred and ten acres in Lafayette town- 
ship, which she has successfully managed. She and her children are all 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and enjoy the hospitality of 
the best homes of the community in which thev reside. 


Perhaps no man has done iuore for the intellectual development of 
Coshocton county than George W. Mohler, who throughout a long period 
was identified with the teacher's profession. Mr. Mohler was born April 6, 
1841, at West Carlisle, Coshocton county, a son of Peter and Rosanna (Fred- 
erick) Mohler, who came to the Buckeye state from Maryland, the family 
home being established in Zanesville. The year 1839 witnessed their arrival 
in Ohio, and they came to Coshocton county in 1848. The father here en- 
gaged in farming. 

George W. Mohler was reared on the home farm and was early trained 
to the duties of the agriculturist, a.ssLsting his father in the fields from the 
time of early spring planting until the crops were harvested in the late 
autumn. He began his education in the schools of Zanesville, where he 
studied two years, prior to the removal of the family to Coshocton county, 
after which he attended the country schools for a few years and subsequently 
spent one year in Spring Mountain Academy. 

In February, 1864, however, he put aside all business and personal con- 
siderations and offered his services to the government, enlisting as a member 
of Company I, Fifty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and he served under 
Generals Thomas and Sherman until mustered out October 3, 1865. Return- 
ing home with a creditable military record and successfully pa.ssing the 
examination necessary to secure to him a teacher's certificate, he then engaged 
in teaching, being thus employed in Coshocton county for thirty-two years, 
beginning in 1865. It will thus be seen that he has been an important fac- 
tor in the educational and moral development of this county and in his 
work of instruction he met with desirable success. Since 1897, however, Mr. 


Mohler has engaged in farming and is also a road contractor, doing much 
for the improvement of the highways in his section of the county. 

On the 16th of September, 1869, Mr. Mohler led to the marriage altar 
Mis- Clara A. Belzer, a daughter of Christian F. and Olive F. Belzer, of 
Canal Lewisville. Their marriage has been blessed with two sons and nine 
daughter-. The sons are Horace P. and George W.. .Jr. The daughters 
are: Edna C. and Maud F., who are engaged in teaching in the Coshocton 
schools; Gladys V., Madge F. and Lillian B. ; all under the parental roof; 
]Minnie G., M-ho became the wife of David Markley and died in 1900; Rose 
D.. who died in infancy; Blanche E., now the wife of William Sti-uble, of 
Coshocton ; and Eugenia, the wife of Howard B. Shrigley, of Canton, Ohio. 

' ^Ir. ^lohler's study of the jDolitical questions and issues of the day ha.s 
led him to give stalwart support to the democratic party. He was the only 
man in his regiment who voted for General Morgan when he ran against 
General Cox for governor of Ohio in 1865, the regiment being then in Texas. 
He also wrote his own ticket in 1864, having no ticket given him at that 
time. One of his comrades also voted with him then in the presidential elec- 
tion, there being ninety-seven votes cast for General McClelland, at Pulaski, 
Tennessee, where they were then located. He maintains pleasant relations 
with his old army comrades through his membership in Richard Lanning 
J-ost. G. A. R. Such in brief is the life history of George W. Mohler. In 
whatever relation of life we find him — in the govei'nment service, in profes- 
^■.inal circles, in basineas or in social relation.-^ — he is always the same honor- 
;.hle and honored gentleman, whose worth well merits the high regard which 
is uniformlv given him. 


John Porteus is one of the wealthy landowners of Coshocton county, 
his possessions comprising five hundred and sixty-four acres of rich and valu- 
able land, a part of which comprises the old homestead property. Mr. 
Porteus possesses the enterprise so characteristic of the Irish race, for his 
birth occurred in County Sligo, Ireland, j\Iarch 17. 1849. His parents, Wil- 
liam and Jane Porteus, settled in Coshocton county in 1849 during the in- 
fancy of the son John. The father became an extensive landowner and died 
October 3, 1883, while the mother survived for a few- yeai-s and passed away 
April 9, 1893. 

John Porteus was reared to the pursuits of the home farm early becom- 
ing trained to the habits of industry, thrift and economy, and in his later 
manhood these cjualities have predominated and he has become a prosperous 
man He acquired a fair education in the district schools near his father's 
home but in later years he has greatly added to hLs fund of knowledge 
through the reading of good literature, as well as through experience and 
observation. Farming has constituted his life work and as he has prospered 
from year to year he has increased his landed holdings until he is now the 


owner of five hundred and sixty-four acres situated in Tuscarawas, Jackson 
and Franklin townships. This land is all improved and tillable. Mr. 
Porteus gives hLs time and attention to general farming and stock-raising 
and through the study he has made of the soil, adaptation and rotation of 
crops has became a successful man, his labors being rewarded with excellent 

Mr. Porteus is a democrat in his political views and while he keeps Avell 
informed on the current events of the day and the progress that is being 
made along political lines he has never been active as an office seeker. He 
is a member of the Methodist Protestant church. He is public-spirited, giv- 
ing his aid and cooperation to every movement which tends to promote 
the moral, intellectual and material welfare of the community. 

The estimable wife of Mr. Porteus bore the maiden name of Miss Susan 
F. Irwin, their marriage being celebrated March 21, 1877. Her parents were 
John and Fanny (Martin) Irwin, the former a prominent grain and real- 
estate dealer of Detroit, Michigan. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Porteus 
has been blessed with two sons and a daughter: Irwin, Fanny and Leslie, all 
under the parental roof. The beautiful country home of the family is made 
more attractive through the hospitality that reigns therein, while the mem- 
bers of the household enjoy the good will and friendship of a host of warm 
and admiring friends. 


One of the most picturesque country homes in New Castle township is 
the residence of Henry Speclcman, his farm comprising one hundred and 
sixty-four and a half acres of land, and he also owns one hundred and fifty- 
two and a half acres in another tract in Perry township. Mr. Speclcman i.^ 
a native son of Coshocton county, his birth having occurred in Jefferson 
township, February 15, 1854. His parents, John and Rosanna (Frederick") 
Speckman, were of Germam birth and came to the United States at an early 
day, being numbered among the pioneer settlers of Coshocton county. The 
family home was established in Jefferson township, where the father worked 
at the carpenter's trade, following the same until the time of his death, which 
occurred in 1863, his remains being interred in Gamesfelder cemetery. The 
mother who, as above stated, was also a native of Germany, was brought to 
America at the age of seven years and was here reared and mamed. She 
survived the father's death for more than thirty years, dying in 1896. The 
family of Mr. and Mrs. John Speckman nuimbered eight children, as follows: 
Loviisa, the wife of John Bender, of Jefferson township; Tiny and John, both 
of whom have pa.ssed away; Caroline, the wife of Cornelius Foster, also of 
Jefferson township; Henry, of this review; Newi;on, who makes his home in 
Coshocton: Angeline, deceased; and William, who is engaged in the liveiy 
business in AVarsaw. 



Henry Speckniaii, the iuiuii'diate .^iibjec-t of this review, aequired his 
education in the district schools of Jeffei'son township and renaained under 
the parental roof to the age of eighteen years, when he started out in life 
on his own account, being employed at farm labor. He worked in 
this way until he had reached the age of twenty-six yeans, when he be- 
gan farming on his own account. Although he started out with very 
limited means he is today the owner of one hundred and sixty-four and a 
half acres of rich and improved land in New Castle town-hip. and he also 
owns a tract of one hmichvd and fifty-two and a half acres in Perry town- 
ship. On his home fanii stands a fine country residence, surrounded by a 
well kept lawn, in the rear of which ai'e substantial bams and outbuildings. 
His fields, too. have been placed under a high state of cultivation and his 
fann on the whole presents one of the prettiest pictures in New Castle town- 
ship. He carries on general agricultural pur.-nits and in his labors is meet- 
ing with unbounded success. 

It was on the 26th of August. 1880, that Mr. Speckman was united in 
marriage to MLss Lizzie Rodock. a resident of Tiverton township. Their 
liome has been graced with two children: Cordia W., who married Stella 
McCrowther and now lives on his father's fann in Perry township ; and Doug- 
las, who man-ied Nona ;McCro\rther and is on the home fann. 

A democrat in principle and practice i\Ir. Speckman believes in a faith 
Ijorn of conviction, in the equality and brotherhood of man. He deserves 
great credit for what he has accomplished in the business w^orid, for starting 
out when a youth of eighteen years to make his own way in the M'orid he has 
steadily pursued his way, undeterred by the obstacles which have barred his 
path, and today he stands among the prosperous and pro,gres,?ive agricultur- 
ists of Coshocton coimtv. 


By sheer force of will and untiring effort Smith Jones has worked his 
way upward from a humble beginning until he is numbered among the lead- 
ing business men of Isleta, where he is carrying on a grain and implement 
business. Mr. Jones was born in Coshocton county, November 25, 1841, a son 
of Wesley and Millie A. (]Medley) Jones, who wea-e likewise natives of the 
Buckeye state, and who died when our subject was a little lad of but six 
years. Their union was blessed with seven children: Amelia. Jane and 
Susan, who are deceased; John, a resident of Oxford township; Smith, of 
this review; Nathaniel, who served in the Civil war and was killed in the 
battle of ]\Iurfreesboro ; and Wesley, who has departed this life. 

As stated. Smith Jones was left an orphan when a little lad of six years, 
and at the age of nine years he began making his own way in the world. He 
was first employed as a farm hand until the outbreak of the Civil war, when 
in 1863 he enlisted as a member of Company H. One Hundred and Twentv- 
]iinth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, with which he son-ed for three vears. He 


enlisted as a private and through his valor and loyalty won promotion to the 
rank of sergeant, being thus discharged at North Carolina, after having par- 
ticipated in many of the most important battles of the war. 

Following the close of hostilities Smith Jones returned to Coshocton 
county, where for two years he worked as a farm hand. During this time 
he carefully saved his earnings and then established a home of his own by 
his marriage to Miss Margaret A. Wolfe, who was born in Oxford township, 
a daughter of Samuel and Christina "Wolfe, who came to this county at an 
early day. Both are now deceased, the mother passing away in 1871, while 
the father surviving for only a few years departed this life in 1875. Their 
family numbered five children. 

After his marriage Mr. Jones purchased a farm, whereon he took up his 
abode and made his home for twenty-one years. He then removed to Isleta 
and engaged in the grain and implement business, in which he has con- 
tinued with success to the present time. He buys and sells a large amount of 
grain each year, while his patronage in the implement business has reached 
large and extensive proportions. Mr. Jones has disposed of his farming 
property but now owns a fine residence in the village of Isleta, this being sur- 
rounded by seventeen aci'es of ground. As a business man he has a talent 
for leading, w^hich is a necessity in these days of close competition to the 
man in the business world. 

Mr. Jones has always supported the men and measures of the reinililican 
party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. He has filled 
several township offices, having served for three terms as assessor, while he 
has also filled the office of township trustee and county land appraiser. Both 
he and his wife are devoted members of the Methodist Protestant church. 

Mr. Jones is truly a self-made man. Drawing the lessons which we do 
from his life we learn that the qualifications necessary for success are a high 
ambition and a resolute, honorable purpose to reach the exalted standard that 
has been set up. From the early age of nine years he has depended upon his 
own resources and has won the proud American title of self-made man. 


Henry Norris is an enterprising and prosperous farmer, owning and 
operating the one hundred and sixty acres of land which has been his home 
since 1880. Hls farm is situated in Jackson township and he is thus num- 
bered among its substantial citizens. He was born in Virginia township, 
October 23, 1842, a son of George W. and Susanna (Croy) Norris, of Vir- 
ginia township. The paternal grandfather, Daniel Norris, came to Coshocton 
county in 1809 from Virginia with his father, AVilliaui Norris, who served 
as a soldier in the Revolutionary war. I>anicl Niirri.< settled in Virginia 
township and entered land from the government, to which he later added by until he became a large landowner. Farming has been the occupa- 
tion of the family through several generations. 


Henry Norris, whose name introduces thk review, was educated in the 
district schools and was also reared to farm life. When he started out to 
make his own way in the world he choose the occupation to which he had 
been reared, and was engaged in farming in Virginia township until 1880, 
when he took up hi^ abode on his present tract of land, this consisting of 
one hundred and sixty acres in Jackson township. It is a well improved 
tract, supi^lied with all conveniences and accessories, and Mr. Norris follows 
the most progressive idea^ of agriculture, so that his labors are attended with 
good results. He also raises stock to some extent. 

Mr. Norris chose as a companion and helpmate Miss Isabelle Piatt, whom 
he wedded on the 31st of December, 1875. Their union has been blessed 
with eleven children, of whom ten are living: Jay T. ; Clara, who has passed 
away; Theodocia, the wife of Oliver McCvillough; Flay A.; Mary, now the 
wife of Martin Reed; Thomas; Ray; Pearl, the wife of Floyd Johnson; 
Joseph C. ; Emmett 0. ; and Clarence. 

Mr. Norris gives his political support to the man and mea.sures of 
democracy but aside from serving as a school dii-ector has never been active 
as an office seeker. His religious views accord with the principles and doc- 
trine of the Baptist church, of which he is a member. He possesses all the 
elements of what in this country we term a "square" man — one in whom to 
have confidence, a dependable man in any relation and any emergency. He 
Ls ever ready to meet any obligation of life with the confidence and courage 
that come of conscious personal ability and all with whom he is associated 
have for him high commendation and praise. 


H. C. ililler is a member of the firm of H. C. & E. W. Miller, dealers 
in farm implements, products, coal, furniture, fertilizers, oil meal and seeds, 
and at the present writing is serving as justice of the peace of Tiverton town- 
ship. He is a native son of Coshocton county, born at Spring Mountain, 
]\Iarch 19, 1864, a son of Lawrence and Magdalene (Rahn) Miller, both of 
^^•hom were natives of Germany. 

The father was born in Bavaria, and emigrating to the new world in 
1855 located in Tiverton township. He was a shoemaker by trade and also 
followed farming. Although he came to the United States a poor boy he 
became a very successful man and was a leader in political circles. He was 
a man of great energy and ambition and at one time served as justice of the 
peace of his locality. He was a devoted and loyal member of the Evangelical 
church at Dutch Run, in which he took a very active and helpful part. His 
ckath occurred February 23, 1906, when he had attained the age of sixty- 
seven years. The mother, who was likewise a native of Bavaria, was born in 
Augiist, 1842, and came with her parents, Mr. and Mi-s. Henry J. Rahn, to 
the United States in 1849. They landed at Castle Garden, New York, on 
New Years day of that year, and going to Buft'alo, waited for canal navigation 


to open that they might continue their journey to Ohio. It was on the 28th 
of December, 1862, that she gave her hand in marriage to Lawrence Miller, 
and they became the parents of three sons: H. C, of this review; George M., 
a railroad man of Kent, Ohio; and Ed W., who is associated in business with 
our subject. The mother departed this life May 13, 1906, when .she had 
reached the age of sixty-four years. 

H. C. Miller acquired his early education in the district schools, this 
being supplemented by study in Dearborn school at Detroit, Michigan. He 
remained under the parental roof until the death of both parents, after which 
he took up the work of his father and now in connection with his brother 
he conducts the old homestead farm, consisting of two hundred and sixty- 
six acres of well improved land in Tiverton township. In 1902, in connec- 
tion with his brother, he established a mercantile enterprise near Tiverton. 
They carry a line of farm implements, products, coal, furniture, fertilizers,, oil 
n'eal seeds, books, stationery, wall paper and paints and their patronage har^ 
grown to large proportions. Both are men of push and enterprise and are 
meeting with excellent success in their undertakings. Mr. Miller is also a 
stockholder in the Farmers & ^Merchants Telejihone Company and owns realty 
interests in Coshocton. 

Mr. Miller gives his political support to the democratic party, and is a 
member of the Evangelical church, of which he is now serving as secretary. 
He is also a member and the secretary of Tiverton Grange, No. 1515. Both 
the brothers are well known in Tiverton township, where their entire lives 
have been passed, and in business circles they are known for their honesty 
and integrity, which is no doubt the foundation of their success. 


Anna M. Lang, who is engaged in the millinery business at No. 418 
Main street, has always resided in Coshocton, to which city her parents re- 
moved in 1873. Her father, Henry C. Lang, was born near Berlin, Germany, 
and on cro.ssing the Atlantic to the United States, settled in Cincinnati. Ohio, 
whence he came to Coshocton in 1873 and here engaged in the bakery busi- 
ness. He was for many years an active representative of commercial enter- 
prise here but in 1904 withdrew from active busine&s and is now enjoying an 
honorable retirement from labor after acquiring a competence sufficient to 
supply him with all of the comforts and some of the luxuries of life. He is 
a veteran of the Civil war, having rendered valuable aid to his adopted coun- 
try during the darkest hour in her history. He married Christina Lorenz. a 
sister of John Lorenz. She was a native of Germany and died Decemlier 4, 

Entering the public .schools Anna M. Lang pursued her education 
through consecutive grades until she had taken up the high-school work. 
Entering the business life she served an apprenticeship in a millinery estab- 
lishment and her natural taste and talents soon enabled her to become an 


expert in this line. She lias filled positions as a trininu'i- in variiin< cities in 
the states of New York and i'cnn-ylvania and on the 1st nf An^nst. ino.'i.she 
established her pr.-ent l,n.-ine.-s. which ha- cujuycd a sl,a<ly and healthful 
growth. She draws her patrons from among the best people of the city and 
her millinery house is recognized as the leading establishment of this kind in 
Coshocton. She possesses excellent business ability and executive force, com- 
bined with natural ta.ste for arti.<tic selection in the matter of ciilui-.- and mate- 
rials, and has in her store always the latest styles and mo.-t attractive millinery 
goods. From the beginning her liu.-incs- has steadily increased and has now 
reached large and profitable ]ir(iponi(iii.-. Miss Lang is a member of the 
Rathbone Sisters and has many fiiend.- Ijotli within and without that organ- 


David Ewing is the owner of a farm of one hundred and twenty-six 
acres in White Eyes township, constituting the old homestead property on 
which he has lived from the age of eight years. He arrived here in 1834 and 
is therefore one of the oldest settlers of the county, being a witness of its 
growth and development through more than the Psalnii.-l'.- allnted span of 
life of three score years and ten. His memory goes back to the time when 
the early homes were largely log cabins that stood in the midst of little clear- 
ings made by the first settlers. These cabins were heated with fireplace, while 
tallow candles were used for lighting jmrposes. All of the furnishings were 
primitive and the farm maehiin ry wa- very crude compared with that in at the present time. The fann implements of today greatly lighten lahor 
but the farmers of a 1V\\' decade- ni^n knew what it was to work hard and per- 
Reveringly in tilling the .-dil and I'ai.-intj, tlieir erup.-. 

Mr. Ewing was burn in Wa-hiii-lnii enunty. renusylvania, -Tune 24, 
1826, a son of James and Nancy ( Lyons) Fwiiii;. wIki were natives (if Ireland 
hint came to America in early life. The father, who was :i milhvriuht liy trade, 
lived for some time in Pennsylvania and tlien lirought hi- family to Coshoc- 
ton county in 1834. The sani:' year he purchased a faini and lived in a little 
log cabin with clapboard ronf which was weighted down l)\- pdle-. The door 

was constructed of puncheons and in mie siile of tlu' r i \^a- an immense 

fireplace in which large logs could be burned. There were no luxuries in 
those days and comparatively few comforts, while it required earnest, persist- 
ent effort on the part of the pioneers to secure the necessities of life. The 
Ewing family lived for several years in a jiioneer log caliiu \n\l exeidually a 
more commodious dwelling wa- iiccled. The father died (ni the old home- 
stead farm in 1852 and the m<ithei'',- death thei-e dceurred in iMiS. Their 
family numbered six children, of wlnnu Martha, the wife of William Wiidvle- 
jileck, now of Nebraska, and i)a\iil, of llii- re\iew, are the only one- living. 

yir. Ewing was but eight years of age when he came with hi- parents to 
Coshocton countv and since that time he has lived on the old hmuestead farm, 


assisting in the arduous task of developing the new fields and planting the 
first crops. After his father's death he purchased the property, comprising 
one hundred and twenty-six acres of land, and as the years have passed he 
has added many improvements thereto. As farm machinery has been im- 
proved by modern inventions he has secured the better implements that are 
today seen in the fields and in all of his farm work has met with that success 
which follows earnest, untiring labor. He makes a specialty of raising stock 
and this has added materially to his income. 

In 1852 Mr. Ewing was united in marriage to Miss Nancy J. Doak, who 
was born in Washington count}-, Pennsylvania, and was brought to this 
county when but eight weeks old, her parents making an overland trip with 
a team and covered wagon. Her father purchased land here and soon in- 
stalled his family in a little log cabin. There he reared his seven children 
but as the years passed by he prospered and in the course of time the family 
were not only able to have the necessities of life but also to enjoy many of 
its comforts. The death of Mr. Doak occurred in February, 1896, while his 
wife died in 1882. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Ewing were born nine children: 
Rebecca A., born April 15, 1853, who is deceased; Althea, the wife of E. A. 
Swigart, deceased; William D., whose birth occurred in 1856 and who is a 
resident of Guernsey county; Mary E., the wife of F. R. Norman, of Chi- 
cago, Illinois; Emma F., born in 1860, who has also passed away; Clara L., 
whose birth occurred in 18'o3 and who is deceased; Estella 0., born in 1865, 
who i,-^ the wife of Dr. William B. Litton, of Coshocton county; Howard M., 
wild was horn in 1871 and now resides in Coshocton, Ohio; and Clarence M., 
born in 1874, who is also deceased. 

Mr. Ewing and his family are members of the ^lethodist Episcopal 
church and their Christian faith has done much to guide their lives. In his 
political views Mr. Ewing is a democrat and has served as school director 
and supervisor. He has now reached the eighty-second milestone on life's 
journey and receives the respect of all his fellowmen because he has ever 
been honorable and straightforward in his business relations and loyal to 
every trust reposed in him. 


Harry F. Russell, who is actively engaged in general farming and stock- 
raisiiio in Lafayette towu.-hi]), was born in that township, January 25, 1867, 
the ron of W. A. and Elizalx'th (Foster) Russell. His paternal grandfather, 
.John X. Russell, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, in 1817, and at the age 
of twenty-one years wedded Harriett Williams, a native of Carroll county, 
Ohio. He took up his residence in that county on a farm which was given 
him as a wedding gift by his father, and resided there for fifteen years, when 
he -old his place and returned to Jefferson county, where he lived for twelve 
years. In 1865 he luu-chased two hundred and forty acres of land in Coshoc- 


ton county, where he lived continuously up to the time of hi.s death, which 
occurred in 1888. In hid family were six children, all of whom are yet liv- 
ing, namely: Emily, the widow of John Edmundson, residing in Jefferson 
county; W. A., the father of our subject; Smilda, the wife of William Watt, 
a resident of Jefferson county; Susan J., the wife of Francis McGuire, living 
in West Lafayette; Freeman, a resident of Guernsey county; and Mrs. Ada 
Pritchard, who resides in West Lafayette. In polities John N. Russell was a 
democrat. Religiously he was originally a Presbyterian, but at the time of 
his death was a member of the Jlethodist Episcopal church. 

W. A. Russell, the father of our subject, was born in Carroll county, 
Ohio, December 16, 1842. He was reared on his father's farm and received 
a common-school education. At the age of twenty-three he engaged in 
farming on his own account, renting land from his father. This he con- 
tinued to operate for two and a half yeai's, or until 1869, in the spring of 
which year he went to Caldwell county, Missouri, to investigate the agri- 
cultui-al resourees of that section. He remained there four and a half years, 
renting land, at the expiration of which time he returned to Ohio and rented 
land of his father for one year. He then bought one hundred and forty-two 
acres of land, which one and one-half years later he sold for five thousand 
dollars. He next purchased fifty acres of land near West Lafayette, Ohio, 
u part of which he subdivided and sold off in town lots. Russell avenue, 
running through this section of the city, was named in honor of John N. 
Russell. He now owns one hundred and thirty-three acres of land, and he 
has given a farm of seventy-five acres to our subject. 

On April 5, 1863, AV. A. Russell was united in marriage to Miss Eliza- 
l>eth Foster, who was born in New Comerstown, Tuscarawas county, Ohio, 
June 4, 1844, the daughter of Hervey and Sarah Foster. Her father died 
when she was an infant and her mother was again married, her second union 
being with John Coles. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Russell were boi'n four children, 
namely: Hattie, who is the wife of Frank Powell, of West Lafayette, and 
has two children, Russell and Eugene; Harry F., of this review: Anna, who 
resides at home; and Pearl, who is the wife of William Reed, of Coshocton, 
and has two children, William and Evelyn. Mr. Russell casts his ballot 
with the democratic party and has been elected township clerk for three terms 
and justice of the peace for two terms. He has been a member of the school 
board. Religiously, both he and hLs estimable wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

Harry F. Russell received his education in the district schools of the 
county, Avhich he attended regularly throughout the school year while in the 
primary grades, though his attendance as he grew older was largely limited 
to those months of the year in which farming operations were suspended. 
He resided under the parental roof with exception of a few years up to the 
time of his marriage, aiding his father in the labors of the farm. He went 
to Iowa in 1890, spending several years prospecting in that state and in Col- 
orado. He now owns one hundred and twenty-two acres of land, the intelli- 
gent cultivation of which calls for the exercise of considerable skill and 


On June 12, 1907, wa.s celebrattd the marriage of Harry F. Russell and 
Miss Lillis Blanche Bates, who was born in Linton township, this county, 
July 26, 1883, the daughter of James and Mary (Burrell) Bates. Her father 
is deceased but her mother is living in AVest Lafayette at the age of fifty-one 
years. She has one brother, Vernon, who resides at home with his mother. 
Mr. and Mi-s. Russell are both memljers of the ^lethodist church. Politically 
he is a democrat. 


George R. Caton, residing on his valuable and well improved farm in 
White Eyes township, is a native of this township, his birth having here 
nccurred on the 18th of Decembej-, 1831. His parents, Thomas and Mary 
(Ringer) Caton, who were both natives of Greene county, Pennsylvania, were 
among the earliest settlers of \A"hite Eyes township. They passed away in 
the year 1845. Of their family of nine children, only three sur^dve, namely: 
George R., of this review; Catherine the wife of Calvin Ferrell, of Fresno, 
Ohio; and Perry, of White- Eyes township. 

George E. Caton was reared on a, farm in hi- native township and 
attended tha district schools during the winter months. When twenty-four 
years of age he began farming on his own account by renting a tract of land 
in White Eyes township, being engaged in its operation for six jj'cars. On 
the e;ipiration of that period he purcha.«>ed a farm of one hundred and fifteen 
acres, on which he lived for sixteen years, bringing the land under a high 
state of cultivation. He Iniilt thereon a commodious and substantial resi- 
dence and good barns and otherwise improved the place. In 1876 he jmr- 
chased his present farm of one hundred and twenty-four acres in AVhite 
Eyes township, giving considerable attention to the raising of cattle, horses 
and hogs in addition to the work of the fields. He also has a drove of two 
hundred sheep, and in both his farming and stock-raising interests has met 
with a gratifying and well merited measure of success. At one time his liold- 
ings comprised two hundred and fort}' acres of land, but he has since sold a 
portion of this and now owns one hundred and ninety acres. In 1902 he 
rented his place and removed to Fresno, but as life on the farm was more 
congenial to him and also owing to the fact that his son Grant wished to 
engage in agricultural pursuits, he returned to his farm in the spring of 
1908. The place is now being conducted by the son. 

On the 2d of February, 1855, Mr. Caton was united in marriage to 
Miss Luoinda McCollum, a native of Crawford township, Coshocton county, 
who passed away in 1905, when seventy-five years of age. Her parents, 
Thomas and Sarah (Hughes) McCollum, Avho wexe natives of Pennsylvania, 
were early settlers of Crawford township and reared a fajnily of twelve chil- 
dren. Unto our subject and his wife were born nine children, namely: 
Lafayette, of West Lafayette, Ohio; Alice, the wife of William Patterson, of 
Columbus, Ohio; Jane, the Avife of John Thomas, of Idaho; Thomas, of the 


Caton Business College, who inakfs his Iiduic in ;Minnca|Mili<. .Minnesota; 
Elsworth, residing in Strasburg. Ohio; James, of rarkersburg. West Vir- 
ginia; George, living in Detroit; Saloma, deceased; and Grant, at home. 

In his political views Mi: Caton is a republican, and has served as town- 
ship trustee and in fact in all local townshii^ offices, ever discharging his 
public duties in prompt and capable manner. He is also acting as trustee 
in the Methodist Episcopal church, with which he has held membership 
relations for the past for*j' years. Having resided in this county throughout 
his entire life, or for a jjeriod of seventy-seven years, he is well and favorably 
known here and i.- a highly respected and worthy citizen. 


John Christian Speck, residing on his valuable and well improved farm 
of one hundred and thirty-five acres in Bethlehem township, was born in 
Coshocton county, Ohio. March 4, 1839, his parents being Joseph and Caro- 
line (Gamert^feder) Speck, who -were natives of Germany. When seventeen 
years of age the father became coimected with the blaclcsmith's trade, which 
he followed for three years, while subsequently he worked as a journeyman 
for one year. For six years he served in the German army and .subsequently 
was engaged in selling clocks for two years, but in 1833 embarked for the 
United States, landing in Ncav York after a voyage of eight months. From 
the Empire state he made his way to Jeffereon towaiship, Coshocton county, 
and was first employed on the Ohio state canal. Later he entered land in 
Jefferson township and erected thereon a log cabin with clapboard roof, 
puncheon floor and a door wdth wooden hinges. In this primitive pioneer 
structure he lived until the time of his demise, being called to his final rest 
when eighty-eight years of age. His w'ife passed away in 1846. Unto this 
worthy couple were born four children: John Christian Speck acquired a 
common-school education and remained under the parental roof until he had 
attained his majority. Subsequently he learned the mason's trade, at which 
he worked for several years and then purchased a steam sawmill, being suc- 
cessfully engaged in its operation for twenty-five or thirty years. Buying a 
farm of forty acres in Jeft'erson township, he made his home thereon for some 
time and on selling the property, purchased a tract of land in Monroe town- 
ship, where he lived for four years. On disposing of that farm he bought 
eighty acres in Sandusky county. Ohio, but after two years also sold that 
place and removed, to Newark, Licking county, where he operated a sawmill 
for one year. During the following five years he resided on a farm of thirty 
acres in Bethlehem township, and on selling out removed to "Warsaw, w'here 
he conducted a planing mill for a year. After disposing of the mill he 
bought eighty acres of land in Tiverton township, Coshocton county, which 
he sold after a residence thereon of five years. He then purchased his 
present place of one hundred and thirty-five acres in Bethlehem township, 
on which he has made many substantial improvements, including the erec- 


xvn. In all of his undertaking.s he has met with a 

rited measure of prosperity and is well known and 

of the sulvtantial and enterprising citizens of the 

tion of 

a fine 

house and 1 


iig am 

, well nieri 



'd as i)ue t 




:\Ir. Speck 


birth i 

ceurred in 

seven children 

of Christ i: 



our subjee 

uiited in marriage to ML~s Rosanna Bowers, 
)ct(iu cuunty in 1.S4U, she being one of the 
I MiU-garet UowiTs, jjoth of whom are now de- 
liis wife were burn ten children, as follows: 
Christian R., a resident of Coshocton, Ohio; William H., of Bethlehem town- 
ship; John, who has passed away; Samuel N., living in Bethlehem township; 
Elizabeth C, the wife of D. F. Noscer, of Coshocton, Ohio; Jennie D., the 
wife of L. Mirote, likewise of Coshocton; Jaseph R., Tilden 0. and Daniel 
]M.. all of whom reside in Coshocton; and Edna L., the wife of Guy Leach, 
of Coshocton. Mrs. Speck was called to her final rest on the ■25th of April, 
1908, leaving her husband and nine children, as well as a large circle of 
friends, to moiu-n her loss. IKr remains were inteiTcd in Blissfield cem- 

In his political views Mr. Speck is a demi.icrat and his aid and influence 
can ever be counted upon to further any movement or measure instituted 
for the general welfare. A resident of this county for more than two-thirds 
of a century, he has not only seen it grow from a w41d region, with only a 
few white inhabitants, to a rich agricultural district, containing thousands 
of good homes and acres of growing towns, inhabited by an industrious, 
prosperous, enlightened and progressive people but he has participated in the 
slow, p -rsistent work of development \Yhich was necassary to produce a change 
which is so complete that it has come to be popularly referred to as magical. 


Stephen F. Dawson, who follows farming on a finely improved tract of 
land comprising three hundred and twenty-five acres, situated in Franklin 
township, occupies one of the finest country homes in the ^Muskingum valley. 
He is a native son of Coshocton county, born November 29, 1856, in Virginia 
township, a son of Moses and Sarah (Wright) Dawson, w-ho were likewise 
natives of this county, where the father engaged in general agricultural pur- 

Stephen F. Dawson acquired hk education in the district schools near 
hi'^ father's home, attending these during the winter months, while in the 
summer seasons he assisted in the cultivation and care of the crops. When 
he began life on his own account he engaged in farming near the old home- 
stead property and in 1883 purchased the farm on which he now makes his 
home. This tract is well improved with substantial outbuildings for the 
shelter of grain and stock, while the home is one of the most beautiful of 
modern residences in the entire Muskingum valley. Mr. Dawson gives his 


time and attention to general farming and in lii.< work is meeting with un- 
bounded .success. 

Mr. Dawson established a home of his own when, on the 31st of October, 
1879, he led to the marriage altar Miss Alice Miller, a daughter of Charles 
and Margaret (Miller) Miller, She has jn'oved to her hu.?band a faithful 
companion and helpmate and by her marriage has become the mother of 
four children: Charles; Lina, now the wife of William Ehrich, associate 
editor of the Zanesville Times-Recorder; Grace; and Earl. 

Mr. Dawson i,5 a democrat in his political views and affiliations and he 
takes a very active interest in public affairs. In November, 1891, he was 
elected treasurer of Coshocton county and through reelection served four 
years. He then served for one year as deputy county treasurer and during this 
term resided in Coshocton. He has also filled the office of township trustee, 
justice of the peace and has served on the Conesville district school board. His 
record in public service has been one of unremitting and tireless toil and has 
been in the interest of the people. His religious faith is indicated by his 
membership in the Christian church. He is numbered among the leading, 
influential and honored citizen.^ of Coshocton county. In every official 
capacity in which he has .served he has been faithful to the trust reposed in 
him and this i- the best recommendation any man can have for future refer- 

•TOHX R. :\1APEL, 

.lohn R, Mapel, chief of police of Coshocton, was born in Wheeling 
township, Guernsey county, Ohio, October 18, 1859, a son of David and 
Sarah E. (Ross) Mapel, the former born in Jefferson county, January 12, 
1830, and the latter in Guernsey county, Ohio. David Mapel was but two 
years old when his parents removed to Coshocton county, settling on the 
farm at Linton township, where he was reared amid the wild scenes and con- 
ditions of pioneer life. He aided in the arduous task of opening up the home 
farm, and when he was married in 1878 he continued to engage in farming 
in Linton township. At the time of the Civil war he joined the Union army 
and served for nine months. He is now living retired in the city of Coshoc- 
ton, enjoying a rest which he has truly earned and richly deserves. 

John R. Mapel was reared at home, acquiring hL^ education in the dis- 
trict schools, and on reaching manhood he began farming on his own ac- 
count, being identified with that ]au>uit tnitil ^larch. 1S94, when he came to 
Coshocton, For four years after his arrival in the city he was connected 
with various lines of business, and on April 16. ISOK. he was appointed a 
member of the city police force. After two years as a patrolman he was 
elected marshal, and two years later was reelected to the office. During his 
last term the village was inconi^orated as a city, and with its advance, in 
1903, Mr, Mapel was made chief of police, in which position he ha- ably 
served. He stands fearlessly for law and order, and his efforts in this con- 
nection have been far-reacbin<>' and lienefieial. 


()i. llu' rith of September, 1878, Mr. Mapel \va,s married to Miss Luciiida 
A. Rice, of GueriLsey county, Oliio. They became the iDarent.s of five chil- 
dren, of whom four are yet living, namely: Neva Caroline, the wife of Roy 
Carncs, of Coshocton; Carrie M., the wife of Charles Campbell, a machinist 
of Columbus, Ohio; George W., who is living in Co.shocton and John Ralph 
at home. The wife and mother died June 25, 1900, and October 14, 1907, 
Mr. Mapel wa.s married to Mrs. Eva Cluff, nee Harris. 

Mr. Mapel is a member of the Coshoction lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; Samar- 
itan Chapter, No. 50, R. A. M. ; Coshocton Conmiandery, No. 63, K. T. ; the 
Consistory at Columbus; the Order of the Eastern Star, Aladin Temple, A. 
A. 0. N. M. S. at Columbus. He is likewise connected with the Modern 
Woodmen of America, and the Ohio Police Association and i~ a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. He is true and loyal io tiie teachings of 
the craft and to his professions in dflier ivbitions of life, and as an officer he 
has made an excellent record, his si i-\ ice- a- chief of police being creditable 
to himself and highly satisfactory to hi- fellow townsmen. At Dayton at 
the meeting of Police A--()ciati<in he w:is vdteil as the banner horse thief 
catcher of Ohio. 

W. H. PARK. 

W. IT. Park, now postnia,-<lcr at Invsnn, was born near Ottawa City, 
Canada, December 27, 1835, and is a son of William and Mary Ann (Boyd) 
Park, natives of County Tyrone, Ireland, and of Scotch-Irish descent. They 
were reared and married on the Emerald i-land and it was about 182H that 
they crossed the Atlantic and settled in Canada. The father, who wa.s a 
farmer by occupation, died during the infancy of our subject, and in 1853 
the mother brought her family to Coshocton county. Here she passed away 
in 1878 and was laid to rest in Kecnc township. There were four children 
but only two of the number are now living, the other being Samuel, a resi- 
dent of White Eyes township. 

W. H. Park, the younger son, receiveil a coiiinion-^choul iducation and 
remained at home with his mother until reaching nianbood. For twelve 
years he engaged in teaching school during the winter months, working at 
the carpenter's trade during the sununcr. In 1853 he became a resident of 
thi.'< county as previously stated and purchased a farm in White Eyes town- 
ship, to the improvement and cultivation of which he devoted his energies 
until 1898, when he removed to Fresno. During the Civil war he entered 
the one-hundred day service, cnli-ting in June. 1S(U, as a member of Com- 
pany H, One Hundred and I'orly-thinl Ohio ^'olnnteer Infantry, and he 
was appointed first sergeant of his company. He was sent to General Grant's 
headquarters, then holding the breastworks in Virginia, and was also at Fort 
Pocahontas for a time. His term of enlistment having expired, he was 
mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, and returned to hi- liome in thi< county, 
where he has resided continuouslv since. 


On the 19th of April. IboU. Mv. Park \va~ united iu uiarriage tu .Mis.^, 
Nancy J. Rass, who was born in Hohm.- cnunty. Ohio, in 1832, and was a 
ilau.ghter of Randall and Eliza (Booni') Ho-.-, the mother being a relative of 
Daniel Boone. In the Ro^s family were eleven children. I'ntd :\Ir. and 
Mr.-. Park were born five son*, namely: Wither F. and .Tame.-^ K.. both of 
whom reside in this comity; Sanmel II.. deceased; C4eorge J., who makes his 
home in Chicago. lUinoi.s; and John B., a re.sident of Belmont county, Ohio. 
The mother of these children died -June 6, 1898, and Mr. Park was again 
married December IS. P.101. Iii.-^ ^t^cond union being with Mrs. Margaret 
( Phillabamn) Cutchall. a. (laughter of ( ieorge Phillabamn. She was born 
in white Eyes township in 1853 and is one of a family of ten children. 

In polities Mr. Park is a republican, and for the past three years he has 
.-erved as postmaster of Fresno, an office he is creditably and satisfac- 
torily filling. Religiously he is a member of the United Pre,=byterian church 
of Fre,-no. while his wife i- a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 


Charles A.-li Laniber.-oii. prominent because of his activity in business 
and political circles, i.- a rcpre.-eiilative of one of the old families of Coshoc- 
ton ciiunty. He was born at Canal Lewisville. September 7, 1861. His 
falhiT. Sanmel Lamberson, a native of \'irginia. came to Co.shocton county 
with hi,- parents in his childhood days and for over forty years figured prom- 
inently in the commercial life of the eomnumity a^ proprietor of a general 
mercantile establishment. .\t one time In- was also owner of the Empire mill 
at Ro^coe and his busine.-s affair- were of a character that contributed to the 
material upbuilding of the comiinmity a,- well as to his individual success. 
He died February 14. 189-2. having for more than three decades .nu-vived 
his wife, who passed away September 7, 1861. She bore the maiden name of 
Cornelia and was a native of Delaware City. Dehiware. and a represent- 
ative of a prominent familv of that -ection. 

(■ m1io(,I> of Codioeton 

ol cour.-c by graduation 
the bu-in(ss world was 
<bilie.- of that position 
May 1, 1881. He thus served until September 2(1. ISOI, and in the office 
gained a thorough understanding of the necessity for .-\stcniatic. well regu- 
lated work. His training in that regard proved of miuli as-^istance to him in 
the discliarge of his duties as a general bookkeeper in the Commercial P.ank. 
whidi ]iosition he filled for three years, or until 1894. He wa.- tlim ai^ain 
ealleil to public office, being appointed United States deputy internal revenue 
collector, with headquarters at Springfield. Ohio, where \\r remained until 
1.S9S. In that year he was a candidate for the office of county auditor on 
the democratic ticket and was elected and served from October, 1899. until 
October, 1905, his reelections coming to him as the e-xprcssion of popular a])- 

Charles A. Lamberson as a ■ 

•tudi nt i 

n the p 

isecuted his studies until he eon 

ipleted til 

le hi-h-,- 

a member of the of 1.S79. 

His ini 

tial -te, 

ide as deputy county auchtor. 


ujMin t 


proval, trust and good will. In October, 1906, he bought out the well known 
insurance agency of Robert Boyd and conducted the business under the name 
of the C. A. Lamberson Insurance Agency until May, 1907, when he sold a 
half interest to Carl R. Herbig, and the present firm of Lambereon & Herbig 
was then formed. Their business is represented by a large figure annually 
and in addition to this Mr. Lamberson is largely interested in the develop- 
ment of the Guernsey county coal fields, which show great promise. He is 
not unknown in political circles and in fact is regarded as a democratic 
leader in his county and district. His labors in behalf of the party have been 
far-reaching and effective and he is unfaltering in his support of those prin- 
ciples which he believes are most conducive to good government. 

On the 5th of August, 1889, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Lam- 
berson and Miss Nannie D. Hay, a daughter of Jackson Hay, a former presi- 
dent of the Commercial Bank of Coshocton. They have three children: Cor- 
nelia, Helen and Ruth. The family are prominent socially and their own 
home is most attractive by reason of its warm-hearted hospitality. Mr. Lam- 
berson is an interested and active member of Coshocton Lodge, No. 376, B. 
P. 0. E., in which he has served as exalted ruler. With the exception of a brief 
period his entire life has been passed in Coshocton county and his own rec- 
ord has fully sustained the honorable reputation which has always been asso- 
ciated with the family name since his grandparents came to this county 
in pioneer times. 


Since 1904 George S. Haskins has made his home on a well improved 
and highly developed farm, comprising one hundred acres situated in Tus- 
cara\A'as township. He was born in Gallia county, Ohio, March 16. 1847, 
a son of Joseph and Rachel (Austin) Haskins, both of whom were natives 
of the eastern part of Virginia. The father followed varioii? occupa- 
tions. The .son acquired his education in the district schools, which, how- 
ever, was somewhat limited, partly owing to the unsettled condition of the 
country and partly from an early age he had to provide for his own 
support. At the outbreak of the Civil war he offered his services to the 
government and on the 23d of September, 1863, became a member of Com- 
pany D. Fifth Virginia Infantry, which was later con.«olidated Avith an- 
other regiment and called the First AVest Virginia Veterans. He was in many 
important engagements and on the 18th of October, 1864. was wounded in 
the battle of Winchester. He served until the close of hostilities and was 
mustered out on the 21st of July, 1865, having made a most creditable mili- 
tary record. 

When the country no longer needed his sen'ices, Mr. Haskins returned 
to Crown City, Ohio, and engaged in farming. He there remained until 
1888, when he removed to Arkansas, where he farmed and prospected for 
gold, but not meeting with success in this undertaking he once more returned 


tci Ohio, locating in Lawrence county, where he .spent .several yeans at work 
in the mine^ and mills. In October, 1898, he took up hid abode in Co.shoc- 
ton county, working in the mine.s near Coshocton until 1904, in which year 
he resumed farming pursuit*. He today owns and operates a well improved 
farm of one hundred acres, situated in Tuscarawas township, which is now un- 
der a high state of cultivation. He is carrying on general farming and in 
his work follows modern method- of agriculture, so that his efforts are re- 
^^-arded with excellent success. 

Mr. Haskins was married October 5, 1873, to ^liss Eliza Rowe, a daugh- 
ter of Lloyd and Warena (Adkins) Rowe, of Lawrence county, this -state. 
The marriage of Mr. and Mi"s. Ha.skins has been blessed with ten children, 
as IVillows: AA'illiam H., who for several years was president of the ITnited 
:\Iine Workers of Ohio; Charles E.; Manford; Lewis; Bertha; Edward: Cora, 
wild ha,- departed this life; Frederick; Carl; and Lowell, who is al-n dcrcased. 

Mr. Haskins is a republican in his political views and atiiliniinn- ;iii(l at 
varinu.- times has .served as school director, but otherwise has iilliti im jiulilic 
(litice. He ls a well informed man. keeping in close touch with the current 
events of the day. while in his business affairs he displays that enterprising 
and progressive spirit which everywhere wins success. 


.John L. Smith, who is a prosjierous agriculturist of Tiverton township, 
was also a veteran in the Civil war, and the loyalty which he displayed in 
<lefense of his country Is still manifest by the interest which he displays 
in the affairs of his community. Mr. Smith was born in Holmes county, 
September 9, 1847, a son of William and Elizabeth (Lepley) Smith. The 
former was a native of New .Jersey and in early life followed the shoemaker's 
trade in connection with farming. He came to Ohio at a very early day and 
as the state and township developed became a wealthy man. The mother 
was born in Pennsylvania and both she and the father are now deceased. 
Their family numbered ten children: .Jacob, a farmer of Adams county, 
Iowa: Adam, William, Margaret, Barbara, Laban and Simon, all of whom 
have departed this life: Peter, a gardener of Andrews. Indiana; Jasper, who 
makes his home in Tiverton township; and John L., of this review. 

John L. Smith spent his boyhood and youth in much the usual manner 
of farm lads of that early period, working in the field.< during the spring 
and summer months, while in the winter seasons, when his sen'ices were 
not required on the farm, he pursued his studies in the district schools. He 
remained at home until he was almost seventeen years of age when, hi- [lat- 
riotie s])irit being aroused by the continued attempt of the south to over- 
throw the L'nion, he offered his sei"vices to the government. He enlisted at 
Fort Wayne, becoming a member of the Tenth Indiana Regiment and when 
his term of service had exi)ired he reeiilisteil. Idcomino, a memlicr of Coni- 
panv K. One Hundn d and Thirtv-niutli Indiana Regiment. He i>artici- 


pated in the battles of Na.?hville, and followed the rebel general Hood on his 
raid through east Tennessee. He also took part in the battles of Mobile and 
Petersburg. He was never wounded but was ill, spending four days in the 
hospital in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1864. He was at the front altogether 
thirty-two months, and during this time displayed the valor and loyalty of 
many a veteran of older years. 

When his services w-ere no longer needed at the front, Mr. Smith re- 
turned to Coshocton county and after spending a brief period here started 
west in the hope of benefiting his health. He walked through Indiana, Illi- 
nois and Iowa, and after spending a year in various sections of the west he 
returned once more to Coshocton county and began farming in Tiverton 
township. He now owns seventy-five acres of well improved land and in 
addition to raising the various cereals adapted to soil and climate he follows 
carpentering. He erected a nice house on his farm and has built barns and 
sheds to protect his grain and stock and thus has made many needed improve- 
ments. He keeps Jersey cows and raises draft horses, and this branch of his 
business is proving a profitable undertaking. 

Mr. Smith has been twice married. His fii-st union was with Mi.'^s 
Mollie Workman, by whom he had a son, but both are now deceased. He 
later chose as a companion and helpmate Delilah Parsons and this union 
was blessed with three children: Libbie, the wife of C. E. Day, a general 
merchant of Tiverton; Mollie, who is deceased; and OUie V., the wife of 
Perry A. Barnes, who is on the farm with Mr. Smith. ■ 

Politically, Mr. Smith is a democrat and for three years served as jus- 
tice of the peace. He has served at various times as land appraiser, has twice 
been elected township assessor, and was recently elected county commis- 
sioner on the democratic ticket. Mr. Smith and his family hold member- 
ship in the Christian church, with which he has been affiliated for about 
forty-five years. His fraternal relations are with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows at Brinkhaven. Not only has the subject of this sketch seen 
Coshocton county grow from an unimproved region, with only a few scat- 
tered settlers, to a rich agricultural district, but he has been an active partici- 
pant in the work of improvement and progress that has been carried forward 
and today rejoices in what has been accomplished. He is one of the sub- 
stantial citizens of this part of the county and is held in high esteem by all 
with whom he is brought in contact. 


In an analyzation of the character and life work of Peter Harbold we 
note many of the characteristics which have marked the German nation 
for many centuries, — the perseverance, reliability, energy and unconquerable 
determination to pursue a course that has been marked out. It is these sterling 
qualities which have gained to Peter Harbold success in life and made him 
one of the .substantial and valued citizens of Coshocton countv. He was 


bom in Prussia, Februarj- 28, 1852. a son of Jolm and Elizabeth (Beer) 
Harbold, who were likewise natives of Prussia, Avhence they came to Amer- 
ica in 1856, at which time they located in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, where 
they made their home for a time but later came to Coshocton county, where 
the father passed away. The mother, however, died in Missouri. Their 
union was ble.-^sed with eight children: Jacob, of Tuscarawas county: Fred- 
erick and Enzal)rtb. who have departed this life; Catharine, who makes her 
home in Muskiu,i;um county; Peter, of this review; Adam and Caroline, who 
have passed away: and one who died in infancy. 

Peter Harbold was a little lad of four years when he was brought by 
his ])arents from his native country to the Buckeye state. He acquired a 
coiiim..n-school education and remaiucd at lioin,. until he reached man's 
e,-tatc. when lie wa.- married to Mis> .Tosepliiue Khoden.-tine. who was born 
in this state, a daughter of Charles and Gertrude Khodenstine, whose family 
numbered eight children. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Harbold was 
ble.s.sed with six children, as follows: Charles; Peter, Jr.; Fred; August, 
deceased: "William, of Guernsey county, Ohio; and George, who has also de- 
parted this life. The wife and mother died in 1884 and Mr. Harbold was 
again married, his second union being with Elma Heslip, who was born in 
Cochocton county, March 21,' 1867, a daughter of Joseph and Hester (Lov- 
ell) Heslip, who are mentioned below. ^Irs. Harbold ha,s become the 
mother of eight children, of whom two died in infancy, those .surviving 
being Henry T., Clarence A., Sarah E.. Laura E. and Walter L., Martha 
E. is also deceased. 

Following his first marriage ^Ir. Harbold engaged in farming and 
through hard work, economy and determined purpose has prospered until 
he is today the owner of two hundred and ten acres, situated in Linton town- 
ship. He is engaged in general farming and follows the most practical and 
modern methods in hi* work, so that he is meeting with excellent success, 
each year adding to his financial resources. 

^Ir. Harbold gives his political support to the repiiblican party but has 
never aspired to public office, feeling that his time is needed in his private 
affairs. He and hLs wife are devoted members of the Methodist Protestant 
cluu'ch. They are estimable people who lead honest, upright lives and com- 
mand uniform respect and regard in the community in which they make 
iheir home. 


Joseph Heslip. now deceased, was a native of Linton tow 
ton- county, where for a long period he was identified with a 
terests. The family originated in County Durham. Engbnn 
owned an estate called Ferryhill and spelled the name Haslo| 
ual great-grandfather of our subji-d was John IIa<lop, while 
grandfather was Jo,-i']ih ILnlop. who wa- born in Cou 

). Co 



'be 1 

il in- 




Engiand, in the inontli of March, sometime between the j-ears 1697 and 
1700. His father died when he was quite young, after which the mother 
mai-ried again and had two or three daughters by her second union. After 
the mother married a second time the son Joseph left home and at the age 
of eighteen years enlisted as a soldier in the English army. He was in the 
battle of Fontenoy and many others on the European continent. He was 
later with the army in Ireland and was discharged upon the establishment 
of Belfast in County Down, having served altogether for about fifty years. 
Joseph Ha-slop was once married, his first union being in 1814 with Ellen 
AVolgeaumott, a resident of Wayne county, Ohio. He then settled in Ferry- 
ville, this state. His children were as follows: John; Thomas, who died at 
the age of sixteen years; Joseph; Betsey; Nancy; Susan; Ellen; Sarah; 
Jane; and William, who died May 9, 1852. 

John Heslip, the father of our subject, at the age of nine years was 
bound out to learn the shoemaker's trade. He later went to Belfast to better 
prepare himself in his work. He wa.s married in County Antrim, Ireland, at 
the age of twenty-two years, to Elizabeth McKuwn, after which he emi- 
grated with his brothers Thomas and Joseph to the United States, the year 
1782 -witnessing their arrival on American shoras. The brother Joseph 
sailed from Baltimore and was never after heard from. Thomas was mar- 
ried to a lady in Philadelphia and there engaged in the shoe business in 
partnership with a ^Ir. Miller but died soon after, leaving a daughter Susan. 
John Heslip established his home in Baltimore, Maryland, and there worked 
as a tanner and shoemaker for many years, being employed by a Mr. Wil- 
son. At the end of twelve years' service he formed a partnership with Rob- 
ert Buchanan and conducted a shoe business for several years, when the 
partnership was di&solved and his son John Avas admitted to the firm. He 
retired from business in 1812, after which the son John, in connection with 
his brother-in-law, William Jefferson, carried on a successful business Tuitil 
1833, so that altogether the family was connected with the shoe trade in 
Baltimore for a half century. The father became a very successful man, 
being worth at the time of his death fifty thousand dollars. His children 
were as follows: Joseph was the oldest. Thomas studied medicine and was 
graduated from the University of Maryland, after which he engaged in 
practice in Ohio for two years. He died here and was buried at Ferryville. 
Nancy married William Vance, a native of Scotland and a resident of Bal- 
timore, by whom she had two sons and one daughter but the sons are now 
deceased. Mr. Vance bought a tract of land in Belmont county, to which 
he removed in 1883. Betsey married William Jefferson, a native of Mary- 
land, by whom she had three sons and four daughters. He is a wealthy 
landholder, owing nine hundred acres in Illinois. John is the owner of 
five hundred acres of land in Illinois. Mary married Robert Harbison, a 
native of Ireland, by whom she has four sons and four daughtei"s. They 
have lived in Ohio since 1829. 

Joseph Heslip, the immediate subject of this review, was born in Lin- 
ton township, where he spent his entire life. He was married to Miss 
Hester Lovell, who w;x~ born in the Buckovo .<tate. Their familv numbered 


eight children: Lydia, William and Lizzie, all at hnme; Ehna, now Mr.-;. 
Harbold; Matilda, the wife of Janie.-: Whorten, uf (inernsey comity, Ohio; 
and three who have passed away. The father died in 1SS3 hut the mother 
is still living. ^Ir. Heslip was numbered among the old and honored citi- 
zens of this section of the state and though a quarter of a century has passed 
since he was called from this life, his memory is yet cherished in the hearts 
of manv. 


Sam E. Vail, of Coshocton, was one of the promoters and Ls the president 
of The Vail Company, his a.ssociate officers being: J. B. Ballou, secretary 
and trea.surer, with offices in New York city; R. S. Thompson, assistant sec- 
retary and superintendent, who with W. A. Himebaugh and E. 0. Selby 
constitute the board of directors. Mr. Vail was born in Findlay, Ohio, May 
3, 1863, and has been a resident of this state all his life. At the age of 
fifteen years he entered a newspaper office as a printer's "devil" and has been 
constantly engaged in the same branch of the newspaper or printing busi- 
ness, either in the mechanical, business or editorial departments, to the pres- 
ent time. He is married and has one son, Merl D.. now a.-sociated with him 
in the Vail Company. 

The Vail Company is one of the newer industries of Coshocton, having 
moved its plant to this city from Cleveland on May 1. 1905. Its line is a 
- specialized industry, it being the only concern in the county engaged exclu- 
sively in machine book composition and electroplating. The company was 
attract^ed to Coshocton because of its location, being central to trade in the 
territory lying east of the Mississippi river; because of its fine freight, expre.s- 
and mail facilities; because of its cheap gas and electric power, its excellent 
banks, the progressive spirit of its citizens, and its general advantages as a 
place of residence for intelligent and expert workmen. The move has more 
than met every expectation of the company. 

In the old days books were put into type by hand with movable and in- 
dividual types, and a very slow and expensive method, liut the only one. 
however, till Ott Mergenthaler perfected the linotype machine some fifteen 
years ago. Now, not only nearly all of the typesetting for books, but prac- 
tically all of the typesetting for newspapers is performed upon this machine, 
one operator of which will turn out as much matter ready for the press as 
can a half dozen hand compositors in the old way. 

This company's typesetting is done on the linotype machines, and in- 
stead of individual types, the product as it comes from the machine is a solid 
line of type, — hence the name "lin-o-type." The setting of thi.^ type, or 
lines of type, constitutes one department of the company's business, the other 
department being the electrotype foundn,'. After the type is proofread, and 
corrected, it is made into forms identical in .size with the book page to be 
printed. These forms are then sent to the foundry and from them a mold 


is taken. From this mold a thin copper shell is cast by an electric process. 
This shell is backed up with metal to a thickness of about a twelfth of an 
inch, and when properly finished is called a book plate. It Ls this book 
plate which constitute^ the product of the Vail Company, and which it fur- 
nishes its cusldiiKiv, who complete the manufacture of the book in the or- 
dinary way by printinti and binding. 

The company's i)rogress since its removal to Coshocton has been marked. 
Its business for 1907 was fifty per cent greater than that of 1905, and the 
year 1908 exceeded 1907 by about twenty-five per cent. Its trade 
is not restricted to any one section of the United States, its business 
coming from all sections between San Francisco and Boston, Little Rock 
and Minneapolis. Some of its product is manufactured into books in Eng- 
land, and even Spanish school text-book plates have gone to Porto Rico. Its 
customers consist of the larger and best known publishers of the United 
States, the names of whom are familiar household words to the owners of 
every library of books. 

The character of books taken on by this company is varied, including 
cyclopedias and similar reference works, school text-books, law text-books, 
religious books, standard subscription books, novels and in fact library books 
of every description. The Coshocton Library, as well as the local book sell- 
ers, have on their shelves many volumes of books, the composition and plates 
for which are made by The Vail Company. 

The company occupies a brick and stone building on South Fifth 
street, fronting the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks. It was built especially 
to accommodate the company's business, and its interior arrangement is a 
model of conveniences for the purposes for which it was erected. Usually 
an electrotype foundry is tucked away in a dark portion of the topmost floor 
of the building, but in this case the foundry is on the ground floor, encased 
in stone walls, with ample light on three sides, and a cement floor. This 
makes ideal electrotype foundry surroundings. 

The company employs a high grade of skilled workmen and the aver- 
age wages paid are as high as the best paid workmen in Coshocton. Few- 
cities, and they are only the biggest, pay higher wages for the same class 
of work. 


It is fitting that the biographical record of Coshocton county's eminent 
and distinguished men should find a place in this volume, and as a conspic- 
uous figure in mining circles of the stale, Mr. Haskins well deserves mention 
among the leaders of public thought and action. He is now serving as in- 
spector of coal for the Northwestern Fuel Company of St. Paul, his territory 
extending from Toledo to Ashtabula. Mr. Haskins w-as born in Lawrence 
county, Ohio, October 29, 1874, a son of Geoi'ge S. and Eliza (Rowe) Has- 
kins. The father was a miner and became well known in Coshocton 


William H. Ha.-ikiiL^ .-spent the pericid of hi.'^ boyhoml and youth under 
the parental roof and attended the common scliool.s until he had reached 
the age of eleven years, but at that period in his life he entered the mines 
as a workman, and from that time until he was eighteen years of age he 
attended school only at times when the mines were idle, but such was his 
ambition that instead of idling away his time as many of his associates did, 
he availed himself of every opportunity for adding to liis fund of knowledge. 
Later in life he attended night schools at Orbiston and Murray in the Hock- 
ing Valley mining district and thus became well informed. 

Early in life Mr. Haskins' ability for leadership was noted among his 
fellow workers, and having 2iiade a close study of conditions and relations 
existing between employer and employe, in 1894 he was elected secretary of 
the Hocking Valley, District Ohio, Miners Union. He filled the position 
with such efficiency that in 1896 he was elected to the vice presidency of 
the Ohio Miners Union, a state organization of the mine workere. Here his 
ready grasp of intricate labor problems was again manifest and in 1898 he 
was chosen to the presidency of the state organization, which position he 
filled until 1906, when he declined a reelection and retired from this respon- 
sible position as he had entered it — with the full confidence of the membership 
and with credit to himself. During his term of service he saw the or- 
ganization grow from a membership of six thousand to forty thousand mem- 
bers. When he entered upon liis responsible duties in this connection there 
was no agreement in writing existing between miner and operator, but at 
the time of Mr. Haskins' retirement from the office there wai.< a written agree- 
ment existing between the miners and the operators, while the treasury of 
the association had grown from sixteen hundred dollars to one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, despite the fact that more money had been expended 
for administration jiurposes. Early in life he began to study the question of 
labor organization and at the age of sixteen years became identified with the 
Knights of Labor and in the years that have come and gone has grown 
stronger in his advocacy of organization. To quote his own words Mr. Has- 
kins says: "As I grow older I become more and more convinced that in the 
more thorougli education of the i)eople lies the true and permanent sohition 
of tlie question of the rchitioiishij) of labor tn caiiital. and vice versa. I an: 
of the opinion that if l)y eiiactuicnt or by the intcrpn tation uf tlio laws 
labor organizations should be made impossible or rendered inoperative that 
the condition of the laboring cla&ses in this country would become intoler- 
able because of the increased opportunities of who control the indus- 
tries of the country to become more oppressive. After twelve years nf life in 
close touch with both laborer and employer and with politicians of all 
schools and classes I am led to tbi.- cnnclusion." 

Upon his retirement from tin jin'-iilciu-y of the state organization, Mr. 
Haskins was made coal insi)ietor for the Xortlnve-tern Fuel Company of St. 
Paul, inspecting all coal in the lake harbors from Toledo to Ashtabula. Dur- 
ing his work in thL* connection he has gained the entire tru-t and confi- 
dence of his employers, and altliouuli bi< time iuid attention are well 
occupied with his arduous dntie-. he i- nexei'tlu le.— deeply int^n'sleil in his 


rdriuei- work and a.ssiic-iate.~. He is quick, positive, exacting and comprehen- 
sive of every detail of affairs that comes within the scope of his action. 

Mr. Haskins was married May 6, 1896, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Ella :M. Hill, a daughter of Philip and Martha (Sanger) Hill, of Vin- 
Inn eumity, Ohio. Her father came to Coshocton county in September, 1899. 

In politics Mr. Haskins is independent, voting for the men and meas- 
ures which he deems conducive to good government, regardless of party ties 
or affiliations. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 
]Masonry, he has attained the degree of the Mystic Shrine and is also a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and of the United Mine AVorkers of America. 
With his estimable wife he occupies a beautiful home in the eastern part of 
Coshocton, in which is found a library, containing works of history, biog- 
raphy and science, with the contents of which he is thoroughly familiar, for 
he spends much of his leisure time among his books. In his life are the 
elements of greatness because of the use he has made of his talents and his 
opportunities, because his thoughts are not self-centered but are given to the 
mastery of life problems and the fulfillment of his duty as a man in his re- 
lations to his fellowmen and as a citizen in his relations to his city, state and 


.John F. Lapp is one of the substantial citizens of Coshoctdu county who 
fdllnw farming in Franklin townshii^, and aiso gives part of his time to vari- 
(ins other interests. He is a native of the county, born in Linton township. 
June 14, 1857, a son of Michael and Wilhelmina (Snite) Lapp. The father 
was a native of Germany, born in September, 1830, and was a little lad of 
four years when he came with his parents to Ohio, the family home being 
established in Adams township, Muskingum county. He became an exten- 
sive farmer and also operated a sawmill. He became a prominent and influ- 
ential factor in both this and Muskingum counties. He was twice married. 
He was first married in 1855 to Miss Wilhelmina Snite, a daughter of John 
and Madaline Snite, and this union was blessed with ten children. He was 
married a second time, this union being with Lucinda I. Miller, their mar- 
riage being cele'brated in November, 1876. She was a daughter of Stephen 
and Barbara Miller, and by her marriage became the mother of ten chil- 
dren. Of the two families of children, eighteen are living. Mr. Lapp died 
June 3, 1904, at the age of seventy-four years. 

John F. Lapp, the second in order of birth of his father's first marriage, 
was reared on the home farm and while this has always been his chief occu- 
pation, he is interested and active in several other enterprises. He brings to 
bear sound judgment in any undertaking and is a man of wide influence in 
his home locality. On hi.s farm of two hundred and eighty acres in Frank- 
lin township, stands a nice country residence and substantial barns and out- 
buildings, while his fields are all under a high state of cultivation. 


Mr. Lapj) was married March 3. 1887. to Mi.'^^ Martha E. Sandles. who 
wa,- born in 186(3 and Ls a daughter of Jacob and Ehzabeth (Grei.'^) Sandier. 
Two children blessed this union, but the daughter died in infancy. The <o\\. 
Archibald C, is now thirteen year.s of age and is attending school. 

Mr. Lapp is a demoi'rat in bis ]Hilitical views and affiliations and while 
he is busily engaged with his own pri\ate business interests he yet finds time 
for iniblic affairs, having served as trustee of Franklin township. He is a 
member of Plainfield Grange and is also a member of St. Paul's Evangelical 
English Lutheran church. On all public questions where the best interests 
of the community are involved he is found on the right side, and is classed 
among the sulistantial citizens of this section of the state. 


Coshocton is making rapid in it- indu-trial development. In 
recent years various business enterprises have biTU c-iabli-hed and promoted 
here and among the more important of these is the industrial concern now 
operating under the name of the Coshocton Glass Company. Of tliis lli])- 
polyt Liewer is the president and, with broad experience in glass manufac- 
ture, he has placed the enterprise upon a safe and substantial basis and at the 
same time is greatly enlarging its .scope and trade rolatiiuis. 

^Ir. Liewer was born August 26, 1868, in the pnivince nf Alsace, which 
was then a part of France, but now belongs to Gernuinw !Iis father was 
Raphael Liewer and the family for many generations were cnnnectid with 
glass manufacture. The son was reared at home, attending (he L>-c( um at 
Stra.s.-burg, Alsace, where he was graduated with baccalaureati' bnudr-. He 
afterward learned the bottle manufacturing Imsine.-^.- at Iug\vcilcr, Alsace, 
and in different bottle factories in tlic Saiav i;ivcr territory. Thinking that 
the new world offered better busiii<-s facilities, be crossed the Atlantic in 
1903 and for a time was identified with glass interests in New York city, 
whence he came to Coshocton in January, 190(j, and has since lieen presi- 
dent and general manager of the Coshocton Glass Company. 

This is one of the more recent acquisitions to the city's industrial inter- 
ests, yet it ranks with the foremost and is perhajis the most im]iortaiit when 
judged by the extent nf it.- iiayn.Il and it- enuticctidii- with the ontsiile 
world. The busine,-s had its origin in :May. 19(12. a- a ]iartiier-hip concern 
owned by E. R. Sober, E. G. Van Horn, and the well known late T. J. 
Gainor. who employed about sixty workmen in the mamifacturc of amber 
bottles, the factory having a cai^acify of alxtut diic htnidred gross bottles per 
day. Under the original niaiiaueiiient tlie lni-iiie- grew until employment 
wa.'^ furnished to about two Imndred. The i.rnduet of the house was sent to 
the firm of Liewer Brothers, having offices in New York, but the local con- 
cern lacked the resources to carry a plant that would meet the demand* of 
their selling agent- and therefore H. and C. A. Liewer. of the New York 
house, came to Cosboctdu and took over a controlling intere.-t in the bu-i- 


neAS. With iini]ile capital at their couiniand they have enlarged and ex- 
panded the jilant and developed the trade until their business now justifies 
the eniploynient of four hundred workmen. They began the manufacture of 
both green and amber bottles, which are sold to the leading breweries and 
bottling works of the country. Each year they arrange for the sale of almost 
their entire production for the ensuing year and yet they ai-e increasing their 
facilities from time to time, while their plant is equipped with every modern 
convenience known to the trade. The company follows the most modern 
methods of manufacture and utilizes the most modern ideas in the develop- 
ment of their business. The officers are: H. Liewer, president and general 
manager; Charle.-< A. Liewer, secretary and treasurer; and K. L. Almack, 
vice president. 

Since coming to the new world Mr. Liewer of this review has supported 
the republican party, believing in it.- policy and its principles, yet without 
desire to become an active factor in claims for its official honors. He is a 
gentleman of strong purpose and marked individuality, who impre.-ses all 
with wlidiii he conies in contact bv his ,-pirit of alertness and determination. 


James 0. Waring, a practical, progressive and enterprising farmer liv- 
ing in Bethlehem township, where he owns one hundred and seventy acres 
of rich and productive land, was born in this township, November 15, 1861. 
Hi^ ]iarcnt.s were David and Mary (Blyler) Waring, the former a native 
01 \'ii-giiiia and the latter of Pennsylvania. In the year 1832 David War- 
ing came to Coshocton county with his father, purchased a farm and carried 
on general agricultural pursuits throughout his remaining days, becoming 
one of the leading and progressive agriculturists of the community. He 
died in the year 1904, having for about twenty years sui-vived his wife, who 
pas.?ed away in 1884. They were the parents of the following children: 
D. L., of this township; J. Owen and Oscar M., residents of Indiana; Arthur, 
deceased; Edgar A., of Akron, Ohio; Dr. Leander, residing at Danville, 
Illinois; Anna, the wife of John Arnold, decea.sed; Hattie, the wife of C. B. 
Hershman, of Coshocton : and Adie. the wife of Ed Schoonover, also a resi- 
dent of Coshocton. 

The boyhood days of James 0. ^^'aring were quietly passed in the 
pursuits of the home farm, where he remained assisting his father until he 
had attained his majority. He then rented the old home place and to its 
further development and improvement directed his energies for twenty years. 
As success has attended him he has made investment in property and is 
now the owner of one hundred and seventy acres of rich and productive 
land in Bethlehem township. Everything about his place is indicative of 
the careful supervision of a painstaking and progressive owner, for ^he 
buildings are kept in good repair and he uses the latest improved machin- 
erv to facilitate the work of the fields. In addition to raising the cereals 



best adapted to soil and cliinato he has made a speeialty of rai.siiig slieep 
and has a large and valuable Hock. 

At the time of his father's death Mr. Waring was made administrator 
of the estate. While he has lived a somewhat uneventful life, he had one 
thrilling experience which few would care to go through with. In 1894 he 
was robbed by three masked men, who shot him in the ear, knocked him 
down and took from him forty dollars. They gagged him and one of his 
aunts, but spared the other aunt this indignity, for she appealed toi their 
sympathy when she asked them if they had a mother and promised that she 
would say nothing of the affair. Pity for her caused them to leave her 
without gagging her. The robbers, however, took po.ssession of the house, 
secured a good supper from the pantry and then left with their booty. 

Mr. Waring has never married and lives with his brother, D. L. War- 
ing. He has held several township offices, the duties of which he has dis- 
charged with promj^tness and fidelity, while his political support is given to 
the republican party that finds in him an earnest advocate, because he is 
in thorough sympathy with its principles. 


Rev. John AA'esley Wright is a force in the moral development of Dan- 
ville and Coshocton county and in those departments of activity which 
uplift humanity and work for the betterment of vainous classes. He is a 
native son of this county, born in Virginia toAvnship, December 1, 1842. 
His parents. Albert and Eveline (Graves) Wright, were farming people of 
this locality. 

The son was reared on the home farm, early becoming familiar with 
the duties and labors that fall to the lot of the agriculturist. His elementary 
education was acquired in the district schools and, deciding upon the min- 
istry as a life work, he became a student in Starkey's Seminary at Eddy- 
town, New York, later attending the Christian Biblical Institute at Stanford- 
ville. New York. Graduating from the latter institution, he returned to 
Ohio and supplied various pulpits, maintaining his residence in Willow- 
brook, where hi.- pavnits still resided. 

During tlic pin-n.-^ of the Civil war. on the 5th of August, 1862, Mr. 
Wright enlisted a- a nirmher of Company I, Ninety-seventh Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry, and sei"ved until the close of hostilities. He w-as in the Army of 
the Cumberland and at the battle of ^Missionary Ridge, November 25. 1863, 
was severely wounded. The hospital lieing croAvded, he was sent home on 
a furlough and after recuperating his health returned to his regiment and 
again saw active sendee. He was mustered out June 10, 1865. at Nash- 
ville, having made a creditable military record. 

When his services were no longer needed by the government, Mr. 
Wright returned to Coshocton county and took up his pastoral duties. His 
first call was at Rosebud. Ohio, and for sixteen years he preached five miles 


west of West Carlisle. He then came to Danville, where for a number of 
years he has been pastor of the Christian church. He is a man of high ideals 
and has always exerted a wide influence for good wherever he has labored 
as a minister and in the community in which he has so long made his home. 

It was in June, 1866, that Mr. Wright was united in marriage to Miss 
Esther M. Crown, a daughter of Joseph and Margaret Crown, of Jackson 
town.ship. Their union has been blessed with four children, as follows: 
Charles E. ; Othelia M., now the wife of John L. Shaw, a prominent con- 
tractor of Coshocton; Mary C, the wife of John McCann ; and John C, who 
has depai'ted this life. 

Mr. Wright gives his political support to the republican party and for 
a number of years has been a member of the schoolboard, while for two 
years he served as assessor of Virginia township. He is a man of scholarly 
attainments and one who throughout his entire life has been actuated by 
high principla? and purposes. He has ever used practical methods in work- 
ing toward the ideal, which have found their proof in his effective work in 
connection with the Danville Christian church. 


Among the recent additions to Coshocton's bar, C. Homer Durand is 
numbered, but has already won for himself favorable by the work 
which he has done in the courts and as representative of the profession. He 
was born January 27, 1882, in Toledo, Ohio. His father. Homer Duran.d. 
also a native of this state, became a lake and sea captain. The family is of 
French extraction, Francis Joseph Durand being among theJFrench Huguenot ■ 
refugees who settled in Essex county, New York, on coming to this country'. 
The first representative of the family in Ohio was Lyman Durand, an uncle, 
who took up his abode in the northern part of the state. Captain Homer 
Durand always remained a resident of Ohio and was here married to Clara 
L. Stauff, a daughter of Charles E. A. Staufif, who was a jurist prominent in 
the courts of his native country, Germany. He was also a member of the 
medical fraternity and figured in professional life in Germany until he left 
that country because of persecution, and came to America, establishing his 
home in Minnesota. Here he practiced medicine in pioneer times and his 
son, Frederick Stauff, was the first white child born in that state. 

C. Homer Durand pur.?ued his education in the public schools of Toledo 
until he completed his couree by graduation from the high school, after which 
he entered the law department of the Ohio State Univei-sity at Columbus, 
and was graduated in June, 1904. The same year he was admitted to the 
bar and ha.s since been identified with the profession. While in college 
and for some time afterward he was connected with theatrical interests as a 
means of raising money, writing, staging, and presenting his own plays, 
among which are "Her Last Chance," "Nine Points of the Law," and "Time 
Limit." When only twentv-two vears of age he wrote his first four-act 


play, "The Triiler," which for hick of money and opportunhy he did not 
present until January, 1908, when it wa.s staged in the Coshocton Theater 
and became very popular with playgoers. 

Following his admission to the bar, Mr. Durand entered upon active 
practice in Toledo, where he remained for three years or until June, 1907, 
when he came to Coshocton with a theatrical venture. Pleased with the city 
and its people, he decided to remain permanently and practice law. He has 
his office with the Hon. James Glenn, and has been quite successful in 
winning a large, growing and representative clientage. He was recently 
unanimously nominated by the republicans of Coshocton county as their 
candidate for prosecuting attorney. He is a man of scholarly attainments 
and well read, not only in the law, but along general lines. He writes, reads 
and speaks German fluently and possesses much more than ordinary orator- 
ical power, being an eloquent and forceful speaker. He belongs to the 
Protestant Episcopal church and is a man of culture and refined taste, of 
well disciplined mind and of high ideals. 


Horticultural pursuits have occupied the time and attention of the Howell 
family through three generations; and Spencer L. Howell of this review is 
a worthy representative of those pursuits in Washington township. Mr. 
Howell was born in Coshocton county, June 12, 1855, a son of John and 
Phoebe (Seward) Howell, and in the paternal line comes of Welsh descent. 
The paternal grandfather, who also bore the name of John Howell, came 
here in 1826 from Belmont county, Ohio. The father of our subject also 
raised fruit on an extensive scale and was the first man to engage in horti- 
cultural pursuit in Washington township. 

Spencer L. Howell was educated in the district schools near his father's 
home and ay as reared upon his father's fiiiit farm, a.ssisting in the care and 
cultivation of the orchards, during which time he gained a thorough knowl- 
edge of the best methods of horticulture. He now has a well improved farm 
of one hundred and seventy acres situated in Washington township and 
makes a specialty of raising apples, peaches, cherries and plums. His 
products find a ready market, owing to their quality, size and flavor, and 
thus he adds materially to his financial income each year. 

Mr. Howell was married December 3, 1881, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Rose B. Blizzard, a daughter of Martin and Sarah Ann (Bryan) Bliz- 
zard. Two children, a son and daughter, grace the home (if Mr. and Mrs. 
Howell: Fred M., who assists his father in his work: and Zona B., who is 
engaged in teaching. 

Mr. Howell gives his political support to the republican party and has 
frequently served as a delegate to the conventions of his party. He has also 
served as trustee of the township and as a memlier of the school board. Fra- 
ternallv he is a member of the Knights of Pythias, while his religious faith 


is indicated by his membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. The 
work instituted by the grandfather and carried on by the father is .still con- 
tinued by Spencer L. Howell and he is today numbered among the suc- 
cessful and substantial citizens of this section of the state, where his entire 
life has been passed and where he is held in uniform respect and este«m. 


There are few instanc&s in the history of any denomination where one 
of the clergy has continued in single pastorate for forty-five years but for 
that length of time the Rev. William E. Hunt was connected with the 
Presbyterian church in Coshocton. His contagious enthusiasm, his untiring 
zeal and his consecrated work made him a power for good in the community, 
nor will his influence cease to be felt for years to come. It is the echo 
which "rolls from soul to soul and grows forever and forever." While his 
ministerial powers were con.stantly expanding from study and research he 
has been equally strong in his sympathy and abiding charity and in his 
life the spirit of criticism has had little place while that of helpfulness has 
been a dominant factor. No citizen of Coshocton county occupies a more 
enviable place in the honor and esteem of the general public than does the 
Rev. William E. Hunt, D.D. 

He was born in Pedricktown, Salem county, New Jersey, February 24, 
1833, and pursued his education in .Tefforson College at Canonburg, Penn- 
sylvania, where he was graduated in ISHH. Hi.* theological ..studies were 
})ursued at the Western Theological Seminary, at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
and following his graduation in 1856 he came to Coshocton in .Tuly of 
that year to preach a trial sermon and in October following was regularly 
installed as a pastor of the Presbyterian church. He gave to this congrega- 
tion one-half of his time and on the alternate Sundays preached at Keene 
until the spring of 1857, when the congregation at Coshocton, having in- 
creased largely in membership, desired that he give his entire time to the 
work at this place, and for forty-five years he remained as pastor. This long 
and uninterrupted service evidenced the strong attachment existing between 
pastor and people and he enjoyed the fullest respect of members of other 
denominations as well. His alma mater conferred upon him the degree of 
B.A. and M.A., and in June, 1905, the Western University of Pennsylvania 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

While laboring untiringly for the moral progress of the community Mr. 
Hunt has also taken a deep and helpful interest in questions affecting the 
welfare of the county along other lines. He was for fourteen years a mem- 
ber of the board of county school examinei's and for one term a member 
of the village council to which he was elected on a reform or citizens' ticket. 
Whatever tends to promote the interests of the city i- sure to receive his 
liearty endorsement and, a« far as time will permit, his active cooperation. 
He has also figured in Coshocton's material development through his 


ciation \Yith bu.siness interests, assisting in the organization of the Coshocton 
Gas Company, of which he became a director, while he was also active in 
organizing Coshocton's firet Building & Loan Company, of which he was 
likewise chosen a director. He was a director of the Western Theological 
Seminary and of the Univereity of Wooster for several years and the cause 
of education has ever found in him a stalwart champion. In 1876 he wrote 
and published a history of the county under the title of Historical Collections 
of Coshocton County — a valuable addition to the historical literature of the 
state. He has been a frequent contributor to church papers and the local 
press and has also written various articles for magazines. His reputation in 
connection with the church is by no means a local one. He has served 
on several occasions as a delegate to the general assembly and also as mod- 
erator of the Synod and Presbytery. The church in Coshocton under his 
guidance made substantial growth and proved an influential factor in upv 
holding the moral status of the community. 

In 1855 the Rev. W. E. Hunt was married to Miss Cai-oline A. Totten, 
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and unto them were born seven children, of 
whom Charles B.. Robert T., Mary M., Carrie E., and Han-y B., all reside 
in this city. A daughter, Mrs. Charles E. Williams, makes her home in 
Franklin, Ohio, while another daughter, Mrs. A. W. Boyd, is living in 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

It would be tautological in this connection to enter into any series of 
statements as showing him to be a man of strong intellectual and scholarly 
attainments for this has been shadowed forth between the lines of this review. 
It is, however, a matter of justice to say that added to his intellectual strength 
is a deep and abiding human sympathy and a most kindly and helpful 


R. D. Keesey, a progressive and enterjirising business man of Fresno, is 
one of Coshocton county's native sons, and a natural product of the solid,, 
substantial character of his environments. He was born in "\Miite Eyes town- 
ship, November 4, 1873, a son of Christopher and Catherine (Raymer) 
Keesey. His father was born in Maryland in 1812 and came to Coshocton 
county with his parents in 1830. In early manhood he wedded Catherine 
Raymer, who was born in Iveene township, this county, in 1833. They be- 
came the parents of six children, of whom two are now living, namely: 
Frank, a resident of AVest Lafayette; and R. D., of this review. In 1871 Mr. 
Keesey purchased a farm of one hundred and four acres in White Eyes 
township, on which he made his home for the remainder of his days. He 
was a successful man and besides this place owned two other farms at the 
time of his death, which occurred in 1886. In politics he was a democrat 
and Avas an active worker for his party's interests, having been elected to 
various offices. He was also active in church work. His wife survived him 
for a number of years, her death occurring in 1905. 


R. D. Keesey was reared to agricultinal imiviiitsi and received a common- 
school education. At the age of fifteen xcais lie I.egan working on the farm 
by the month, and for a number of years had full control of hid father's 
place. In 1904 he and a number of others formed a stock company, known 
as the Avondale Glove Company, for the manufacture of cotton and canvas 
gloves. They incorporated under the laws of the state of Ohio and is.sued ten 
thousand dollars worth of stock. The plant L~ fitted up with twenty power 
machines and has an output of three hundred dozen gloves per day, thirty- 
five people being engaged in the work. Since the time of its organization 
Mr. Keesey has been superintendent of the factory and a director of the 
company. The business was the outgrowth of the demand for a concern of 
this character, and from the fir.?t has enjoyed a liberal patronage which lias 
insured its success. 

Since age conferred upon him the right of franchise, Mr. Keesey has 
given his political allegiance to the democracy. He has taken a leading 
part in the work of his party and has served for four years as central com- 
mitteeman. Fraternallv, he is a member of Fresno Camp, No. 116SS, 
M. W. A. 


George D. Klein, engaged in the active practice uf law, was born in 
Chili, Crawford township, Coshocton coiuity. ^Mareli 19, 1.S72. His parents, 
Charles and Elizalaeth (Miller) Klein, were both natives of Germany and 
came to the United States in early manhood and womanhood, their mamage 
being celebrated in Crawford township. The father was a shoemaker by 
trade and was connected with that line of business until 1882 when he en- 
gaged in farming. He was killed in a runaway in the spring of 1907, when 
sixty-four years of age, and his death was the occasion of deep regret to his 
many friends who esteemed him for his sterling characteristics. His widow 
still survives and is now a resident of Fresno, Ohio. 

Careful home training qualified Mr. Klein to meet the demands of the 
world when he started out for himself. He was afforded good educational 
privileges, supplementing his public-school course by study in the Scio (Ohio) 
College and in the Ohio State Normal at Ada. He began teaching at the age 
of twenty years and successfully follo^\■ed the profession for fifteen years, 
during which time he was principal of the Chili school for two years and 
also taught the grammar department in the Baltic and Roscoe schools. He 
was an able educator, imparting readily and clearly to others the knowledge 
he had acquired, but believing that he would find a more congenial and 
profitable field in connection with other professions, he took up the study of 
law while still engaged in teaching, -Judge Roche acting as his preceptor and 
directing his reading until he entered the law department of the Ohio State 
University at Columbus, in September, 1907. So thorough had been his pre- 
liminary reading and research that he was admitted to the bar on the 4th 
•of December, of the same vear. 


Mr. Klein then returned to Coshocton and entered into partnci-sliip with 
George E. Roche, a basiness relation between them continuing until the 
1st of September, 1908, when Mr. Klein entered upon an independent prac- 
tice. He i.s one of the younger members of the bar but his friends predict 
for him a successful future, as he is thorough and painstaking in all that 
he undertakes and is well versed in the law^ Moreover, he has broad gen- 
eral knowledge and is a fluent German scholar. 

Mr. Klein numbers many friends among his fellow members of Fidelity 
Lodge, No. 135, K. P. He belongs to the MethodLst Episcopal church and to 
the Co.shocton Bar As.?ociation. He is pleasantly situated in his home rela- 
tions and the Klein household is a most attractive one. He was first married 
in May, 1899, to Miss Ella Earth, of Chili, who died in January, 1902, 
leaving one son, Carl F. In October. 1903. Mr. Klein was again married, 
his second union being with Miss Loretta M. Deeds, a daughter of Solomon 
Deeds, a prominent factor in democratic circles, in this county. To this 
union a daughter was born August 3. 1908, Thelma Loretta Klein. Mr. 
Klein Ls also an ardent advocate of democratic principles but has never been 
an aspirant for office. He prefers to concentrate his energies upon his busi- 
ness affairs and possessing laudable and firm determination he will undoubt- 
edly earn for him.self a prominent place in the ranks of the legal fraternity, 
being already numbered as a leader among the younger meml)ers of the bar. 

willia:\i l. rorinson. 

William I.. Rnl,in.<on. wli.i is en.oan.Ml in fi,ruiiiio an.l .tock-rai.-iug in 
b'ranklin township, Coshocton county, is numbered among the substantial 
citizens of this section of the state. He was born in Franklin township, De- 
cember 26, 1851, and son of James E. and Anna E. (Frew) Robinson. The 
family was one among the first .settlers of Coshocton county and were large 
landowners in the Muskingum valley, being extensively engaged in farming 
and stock-raising. In 18'37, James E. Robinson removed with his family 
to Delaware, Ohio, where they remained for four years, the purpose of their 
removal being to afford their children good educational advantages. In 1871. 
however, they returned to the home farm, the father having died during 
their residence in Delaware. The uinther -til! -nrvives. The family numbered 
four children: Mary J., the deceased wife of James S. Stocking, a resident of 
"Washington. Pennsylvania; William L. : Charles F.. whu is dew'asi'd: and 
Ella R., the wife of W. H. ]McCabe, of Coshuetoii. 

William L. Rol)inson. whoso name intrdduers tlii> review, spi-nt his 
boyhood and youth in much the usual maniic i- nf farm lad-. a~.-i-ting in the 
work of the fields during the summer .seasons, \vhili> in the winter months he 
pursued his studies in a private school and later ciiiuyed the advantages of 
the high school at Delaware, Ohio, and the Ohio We-leyan University. After 
the death of his father he took charge of the home farm and this occupation 
has claimed his time and attention to the present day. lie is extensively 


engaged in general farming and i.~ numbered among the county'.s mo5t pro- 
gressive citizens. 

Mr. Robinson \va.s married April 28, 1881, to Miss Elnora Lee. a daughter 
of Dr. Samuel H. and Anna (Triplet) Lee, of Coshocton. Their union was 
blessed with a son and daughter, James L. and Elizabeth L. The wife and 
mother was called to her final rest June 25, 1887. On the 6th of August, 
1890, Mr. Robinson was again married, his second union being with Helen 
E. Kyle, a daughter of Rev. John and Sarah (Gordon) Kyle, who were former 
residents of Granville, Ohio, but now make their home in Riverside, Cali- 
fornia. The Kyles established their home in the Buckeye state in 1858, 
coming thence from Yershire, Yermont. 

Mr. Robinson is a republican in hi.- political views. He i? interested 
in the welfare of the country at large and is ever found on the side of right, 
reform and progre.'=s. He is highly esteemed in the community in which he 
has so long made his home, numbering his friends by the score. 


^lilton X. Wolfe, who is now living retired in West Lafayette. Ohio, 
ha.s liecn identified with both the mercantile and agriculture interests of this 
-oction of the state. He was born in Evansburg, O.xford township, Co.?hoc- 
tnn county, August 24, 1837, the third .son and third in order of birth in a 
family of .seven children born unto Philip and Elizabeth (Meek) Wolfe. 
The father was born in Pennsylvania in 1808, and the mother in Jefferson 
county, Ohio, in 1808, being the daughter of Jacob Meek, an old time 
Methodist Episcopal minister and a soldier of the war of 1812. Philip 
Wolfe was a tanner and harnessmaker by trade, following those occupations 
in Evansburg, Coshocton county, until death, which occurred October 7. 
1854. The mother of our subject died April 16, 1847. In their family were 
.seven children: Lambert B., a resident of Xess City, Kansas; Jacob, who 
died August 21, 1836; Milton X., of this review; Mrs. Jemima Fletcher, 
of Lsleta, C-o.shocton county; Mrs. Margaret E. Thompson, of West Lafay- 
ette; .Joseph G., of Almira, Washington; and Philip H., who was a member 
of Company E, Fifty-first Ohio Yolunteer Infantry and who died and was 
buried in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, National Cemetery, May 8, 1864. His 
brother, Milton, placed a tablet in his family bronze monument which stands 
in Faiiwiew cemetery, West Lafayette, Ohio, to the memory of his brother 
Philip H. Wolfe. After the death of his first wife, the father of these chil- 
dren married Mrs. Caroline (Powell) Spalding. By Mr. Spalding .she had 
three children, Thomas, Freeman and Lyman. By Philip Wolfe she had 
three children, half-sisters to the three boys mentioned above; Mrs. Harriet 
Dana, a resident of Fairfield, Iowa; Mrs. Henrietta Criswell, of Hastings, 
Nebraska; and Mrs. Sarah Jane Huff, of New Comerstown, Ohio. Not only 
our subject but also his three brothers and his three .step-brothers were 
soldiers of the Civil war. and one of the former and all of the latter laid 


down their lives on the ahar of their country. Philip Wolfe and his second 
wife both died of typhoid fever and were buried on the .-anie day, October 
9; 1854, in Evansburg cemetery, and in October. liHiT. their remain.- were 
removed to Fairview cemetery, ^^'est Lafayette. (Jliin. and interred by ^lilton 
N. "Wolfe in his cemetery lot. 

Milton N. Wolfe acquired hi* education in the common schools but 
labored mostly with his father in his tanyard until he was sixteen years old, 
and then at the harness trade with his father until his demise. Following 
his father's death, however, he took up the shoemaker's trade and after com- 
pleting his term of indenture worked at the same in Orange, Coshocton 
county, for two years. He then engaged in the same business on his own 
account for several years. Having heard favorable reports concerning the 
western country, he started for Kansas in 1860, at the age of twenty-three 
year's, and there entered one hundred and sixty acres of government land, 
to which he added a tract of similar size by purchase. In the fall of that 
year he returned to Coshocton county and resumed work at his trade in 
Orange. On landing home from his 1860 tour he had just tlirec shillings 
left with which to commence busine.s.s again. 

On the 2d of March. 1861. Mr. AVolfe was united in marriage to Miss 
Harriet A. Emerson, one of four children Ijorn of the marriage of Timothy 
and Annora A. Emerson. Five children blessed this union, namely : Xora 
E., the wife of H. C. Davis, a resident of Great Bend, Kansas; Lulu L.. the 
wife of George Peacock, of Coshocton: Claridon C, who died April ■22. 
1881, at the age of sixteen years: Alinnie L., the wife of George Walters, of 
West Lafayette; and Ina >L, the wife of Bert Leighninger, now operating 
a lumber and planing-mill in West Lafayette. 

Following his marriage Air. Wolfe worked at shoemaking in ()range 
for nine years, with exception of four months in 1864, while serving as 
fourth corporal in Company E, One Hundred and Forty-second Ohio "\"ol- 
unteer Infantry. In the spring of 1870 he went to Chase county, Kansas, 
where he owned three hundred and twenty acres of land as previously stated, 
and it was his intention to remove his family to that locality the following- 
fall, but while making arrangement to erect a house and other buildings 
upon his farm he received a telegram saying that his wife was dangerously 
ill, and he left everything and returned home. His wife recovered but was 
unwilling to give her consent to their removal west, and they located on a 
farm of one hundred and fifty-nine acres in Oxford township, which land 
her father gave them. Here Mr. Wolfe erected a fine residence and for a 
number of years he engaged in the cultivation and improvement of the 
place, but owing to ill health, he finally rented the farm and removed to 
Emersrm Mills, where he engaged in the boot and shoe and general grocery 
business for four years. After closing out this business at Emerson Mills, 
he rented his farm for three years, ca.«h rent, and with Ina. his youngest 
daughter removed to Coshocton, where he bought a fine residence projierty, 
residing here until his daughter Ina married and left him alone. He then 
batched it for three months, when he rented his property and moved his 
effects to his daughter Ina's at West Lafayette, Ohio. Since then he ha? 


practically livcil a retired life, being in ill health, leaving the management 
of hi.-; farm to h\< daughters and their hn.-^hand-, wlm now receive the income 
from the farm, and he still lives with his (laughter Mrs. Leighninger in 
West Lafayette. His wife died .lanuary -10. f.S.Sl, and wa.s laid to in 
West Lafayette cemetery. 

Mr. AVolfe has traveled quite exten.sively over this country, spending 
four months in Kansas and Nebraska in 1860, when Indians and buffaloes 
were .-till numerous in that .section. Later he again visited Kansas as previ- 
ously stated, and in the spring of 1888 he and his daughter Ina left home 
and for two years and forty-three days traveled throughout the west, spend- 
ing some time in various states and territories and going as far north as 
British Columbia. In 1906, he again went west and spent eleven months 
in Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri and Iowa. 

Mr. Wolfe gives stanch sui)]iort to the republican party but never sought 
nor desired office. He is a member of the blue lodge of Masons, No. 175, at 
New Comerstown, Ohio, in which he ha.s filled all of the chairs save that 
of worshipful master, and he has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church for thirty-eight j'ears, now connected with the church at Coshocton. 
Seventy-one years have come and gone since Mr. Wolfe first opened his eyes 
to the light of day in Coshocton county and in the intervening period he 
has been a prominent factor in the advancement of commercial and agri- 
cultural life of the section of the state in which he has always made his 
home. He is widely and favorably known and his history cannot fail to 
prove of interest to his many friends, and it is therefore with pleasure that 
we pi'esent his record to our readers. 


George Alvin Hay finds an appropriate place in the history of those 
men of business and enterprise in Ohio, whose force of character, whose 
sterling integrity, whose good sense in the management of complicated af- 
fairs and marked success in the establishment of industries, have contributed 
in an eminent degree to the development of the resources of Coshocton. His 
name is inseparably interwoven with the commercial and industrial progress 
of the city and in political service he has donp that for his eity which has 
caused him to be designated as one of the best mayors Coshocton has ever 
had. He is now the president of The Houston Hay Axle Company and is 
associated with various other business concerns. 

Mr. Hay is one of Coshocton's native sons, his birth having here occuiTed 
November 16, 1855. His parents were Houiston and Delia Cook (Roberts) 
Hay, the former of whom died March 28, 1900, and the latter February 22, 
1896. After attending the public schools of this city, George A. Hay spent 
two years as a student in Denison LTniversity at Granville, and then became 
a junior in Princeton College, where he completed the cla.ssical course in 
1879, winning the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Following his return to 


Coshocton he took iq) the .-^tudy of hxw in the otfice of Span.i;lei- & Ponierene 
and Avas admitted to the bar in December, 1881. He then began the active 
jiractice of law, in which he continued for two years with good sviccess, but 
owing to the fact that the plant which was owned by his father was de- 
.stroj-ed by fire, Mr. Hay gave up his law practice to assist his father in 
reljuilding and remodeling the factory and establishing the business on the 
basis on which it is now conducted. The factoiy, under the name of Houston 
Hay. manufactured carriage, wagon and buggy axles. In 1885 the firm of 
Houston Hay & Sons was organized and the busine.-^s continued under that 
name until 1895, when it was taken over by The Houston Hay Axle Com- 
pany. It is today one of the important productive industries of the city, 
employing eighty-five men during the busy sea.son. The fact that the com- 
pany specializes in the manufacture of axles gives it prestige and wide 
reputation in the manufacturing field and it- pruduct i.~ .-ent to all parts 
of the country. 

While Mr. Hay has met with success in thL< undertaking he has not 
confined his attention solely to one line but has extended his efforts into 
other fields whereby the city has profited while his individual prosperity has 
been enhanced. In 1893 he formed the Havana Cigar Company and that 
the business proved a growing one is indicated by the fact that while he 
started with ten cigannakers, in 1898 he was employing one hundred and 
twenty-five people. In 1904, however, he closed out the business after a 
[irosperous career in that line. Mr. Hay was also at one time president and 
a director of The Buckeye Pipe Line Company, organized for the purpose of 
piping gas to Coshocton. The company was OJ-ganized in 1898 and ere Mr. 
Hay resigned in 1907 the business had been established on a safe foundation 
and was supplying the city with a good quality of gas at a low price. He is 
also a director of The H. D. Beach Company and a director of The Com- 
mercial National Bank, both of Coshocton. 

On the 8th of June, 1882, Mr. Hay was married to :\Ii<s Nellie Ilingeley. 
They had five children : Edna Lenore ; Houston Hingeley. who died .lanuary 
17. 1892: Ruth Warwick; George Roberts, who wa~ born in 1896: and 
Walter Guilbert, born in 1902. 

^Ir. Hay is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is an enthusiast on the subject of ba.seball and fishing, finding great delight 
in witnessing a good game of ball or with rod enticing the finny tribe from 
favorite haunts. He is also well known in musical circles, was leader of the 
local band for fifteen years and for three years wa< bandmaster of the Seven- 
teenth Regiment, Ohio National Guard, dm-ing which time he succeeded 
in making his band the best in the state. Mr. Hay ha- been equally well 
known in political circles. In 1879 he became an active factor in republican 
politics and was made a member of the Coshocton County Executive Com- 
mittee. The following year he was made chairman of that committee and 
continued to fill the position for twenty-five years or until 1905, taking a 
most active and helpful part in shaping the policy of the party in this 
county. In 1880 he was elected mayor of the city on the repulilican ticket 
although Coshocton was at that time a democratic stronghold. Two years 


later Ik- wa.-; ret' lee ltd and in 1884 refused the nomination. In 1886 at the 
urgent solicitation of his fellow townsmen, including representatives of both 
parties, he once more became a candidate and wa,s elected in that year and 
in 1888, so that his services as chief executive covered eight years and was 
characterized by the utmost dispatch of the city's business and by unfaltering 
loyalty to the municipal welfare. He has been appointed three times by the 
state auditor to check up the books of the Society for Savings in Cleveland — 
one of the greatest banking institutions in the world. He has served as trus- 
tee of the Girls' Industrial Home, a .state institution, having been appointed 
by Governor Foraker, his term extending from 1885 to 1889. By appoint- 
ment of Governor McKinley he was one of the managers of the Ohio peni- 
tentiary from 1892 until 1896 and was appointed by Governor Nash, a member 
of the Ohio convict labor commission to investigate methods of employ- 
ing convict labor in other states and to recommend, if possible, a better system 
for Ohio. He is now president of the board of review of Coshocton. He 
has been a member of the republican state central committee and the repub- 
lican state executive committee. He has now practically retired from active 
participation in politics but could never cease to feel a deep interest in the 
questions and issues of the day of his patriotic and progressive citi- 
zenship. His life ha« been one of signal usefulness to his city and state, 
and that he has wrought along the lines of the greatest good to the greatest 
numljcr is a uniformly acknowledged fact. 


Christian Norman, owning three hundred and fifteen acres of valuable 
land in White Eyes township, was born in Oxford township, Coshocton 
county, Ohio, September 28, 1828, his parents being Isaac and Isabelle 
(Wise) Norman. The father was born on the Walhonding river, and when 
a boy of ten years accompanied his parents on their removal to Oxford town- 
ship, where they purchased two hundred acres of land. In this pioneer 
district Isaac Norman was reared and when he had attained mature years 
began farming by taking a lease on a tract of land in Oxford township. Sub- 
sequently he took another lease on some land in Adams township, and after- 
ward bought one hundred acres in Lafayette township, only seven acres of 
the tract having been cleared. After improving the property he sold the 
same, and bought a farm in White Eyes township, on which he made his 
home until called to his final rest. For fifty years he was a faithful member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, but at the time of their demise both he 
and his wife were affiliated with the United Brethren denomination, there 
being no Methodist Episcopal church in the locality. Isaac Norman had 
been married twice and by hi^ first union had twelve children, of whom our 
subject is the only one now living. The first wife, who was born in Oxford 
town.ship, pa.ssed away about 1868. and ^Ir. Norman afterward wedded her 
sister, Sarah Wise. 


Christian Norman was reared to tlie imn-^uils of tlic f:inii. early becom- 
ing familiar with the duties and labors that fall In the lot <>{' ilu au,rieulturi:it. 
He had but little opportunity for attending .school and nr\ci- even .<aw a 
"temple of learning" for five whole years. At the end of that tiinr be was 
sixteen years old, and owing to the fact that other young UKai nf bis age 
were far in advance of him in their .studies, be did un{ wi.-ii U< enter scliodl 
again. However, in the school of experience be has U'anied many valuable 
lessons and through reading and observation has become a well informed 
man. When twenty years of age he began farming a tract of rented land 
in Lafayette townsliip and wa.s thiLS engaged for three years, on the expira- 
tion of which period he rented one hundred and sixty acres of his present 
farm from liis father. Sub.sequcntly he purchased eighty acres of the place 
and as the years pa^-ed and success crowned his efforts, he added to bis hold- 
ings fnnn time td time until he now owns three hundred and fifteen acres of 
rich and productive land in White Eyes township. His original boino, in which 
he lived for several years, M-as a log cabin, the dinien-idn- nf wbieli were 
sixteen by eighteen feet. He attributes his ]ii-esent pr((s]i;Tit>' in lai'ge nuasure 
to his stock-raising interests, having now two hundi'ed head of sheep and 
also raising cattle, hogs and horses. Though he now rents his farm, he 
still gives supervision thereto, and is well known and highly esteemed as one 
of the prominent and progressive agriculturists of the county. 

Mr. Norman has been married twice. On the 28th of September. 1848. 
be wedded Miss Mary Ann Felver. whose birth necnrred in Adams township 
and who jiassed away in 18."),"), when twenty-se\-en veai-.- of ai;e. The five 
ebi]dr(.'n of this union were as follows: Mary, tlu- «ife of Samuel Delsaver, 
of ^Ii'i-eer eiiunty, Ohio; Malinda, Moses and Sarah Ann, all of Avhom are 
deceased: an<l Margaret, the wife of Frank Emei'son. of White Eyes town- 
ship. On tlie lOtb of .\|,ril. lS,-)r;, Mr. Norman wa< a.uain marriid, bis 
second union being with Hannah McCleary. who was born near Xew Comei's- 
town, Ohio, November 12, 1836. Her parents, Abraham and Sarah (^Miller) 
McCleary, were both natives of New Jersey, in which state they were married. 
At an early day they removed to Tuscarawas comity, Ohio, locating on a 
farm and there residing until called to their final re~t. Their familv num- 
bered nine children, two of whom >nrvive, namely: .'-^nsan, the wiilow of 
•Tohn Norman, of Fresno, Ohio; and Mrs. Hannah Norm 
.ject and his .second wife have been horn ten children, u 
wife of WiHia.m Hill, of New Comerstown, Ohio: .John 
Stra,sburg, Ohio; Frank, of New Comerstown, Ohio: Hattit 
Gibson, of Wheeling, Virginia; Clayton, living in 
Etta, who makes her bnme in Olcabdma : P>pssie, at home 
Theodore Neighbor, of Oklahoma: Sophia, at home: am 

Ill his polilieal views :\[r. Norman i- a stanch republican and ha< .served 
as road sujiervi-or and in a number of school ofiices. the cimse of education 
ever finding in him a stalwart champion. For fiftv years he was identified 
with the United Brethren cbnrch but the conoregation became so diminished 
that it was disbanded, and since that time he has been a memlier of the 

an. U 

nto our sub- 


: Susan, the 

1 D., a 

resident of 

'. the M 

, ife of David 

\e«- < 


■: Ada. 

the wife of 

.1 one 

who died in 


Methodist EpLscoiJal church at Fresno, having ever contributed liberally of 
his time and means to the cause of religion. Having resided in thi^ county 
throughout his entire life, he is well and favorably known here and is widely 
recognized as one of its public-spirited, prosperous and enterprising citizens. 


Dr. James T. Edwards was born near East Union, in Perry township, 
Coshocton county, Ohio, in 1830, and was therefore in his seventy-fifth year 
at the time of his death. He attended school at the academy at West Bedford 
and at Hayesville, Ohio. He read medicine in the office of Dr. John Russell, 
of Mt. Vernon, and was graduated in 1856 from the medical department of 
the University of New York city. Immediately after his graduation, Dr. 
Edwards entered upon the practice of medicine at West Carlisle, where he 
practiced continuously for forty-six years. 

Shortly after beginning the practice of medicine. Dr. Edward.s wa.s 
married to Miss Sarah S. Marquand. Mrs. Edwards was a woman of unusual 
strength of mind and character, and was a useful companion and helpmate. 
Mrs. Edwards died in 1889. Their four children who survive are. ]\Irs. Belle 
Cochran,. Russell C, 'Edwin S. and Grace. 

Dr. Edwards served in the Civil war as assistant surgeon in the ninety- 
seventh Ohio Regiment. His services continued for one year, when he was 
obliged to return home on account of disability. Coshocton city has had 
no man of more distinct character than Dr. Edwards. He was at all times 
a model country gentleman, of broad culture and a range of information 
befitting the man of aiTairs that he was. He took a keen interest in all that 
was going on in the world's theater of human affairs and had deep seated 
convictions on all great questions at issue and was never lacking in courage or 
ability to assert them in ways that were well understood. Although he took 
a deep intei-est in politics, Dr. Edwards never held public office in his life, 
being obliged many times to refuse the importunities of his many friends to 
tender him nominations. He was a consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church at West Carlisle. As a physician, Dr. Edwards stood among 
the first and foremost and in his long years of practice, covering a period 
of almost a half century, he enjoyed the implicit confidence of the whole 
people of the large scope of country over which his practice extended. He 
was above all, a man among men and was always deeply solicitous for the 
welfare of his neighbors and friends. He shared with them in all matters 
with his counsel and advice and was helpful in all such ways as are embodied 
in the ties and impulses of friendship. In all relations with men the first 
and foremost thought was nigged honesty, fair dealing and strict obsei-vance 
of the common laws that emanate from a sensitive and discriminating con- 
science. These sturdy traits that vrere ever present in his character endeared 
him to all of the people of a lofty mind. His demise was sorely felt in the 
community of which he was so important a part, and the memories of his 


precept and example will live long after him, an inscription upon the im- 
perishable rock of time. No greater tribute can be paid to the life and char- 
acter of Dr. Edwards than a simple naxrative of his works without embel- 
plishments of extravagant phrase, for the naked truth speaks more eloquently 
in his praise. He was a man of deeds rather than of words or pretense and 
when the Book of Records is closed the summary reads "Well done." 


By the purchase of this book Harry Ferguson, of "West Lafayette, is 
permitted to have his obituary appear in this long list of the distinguished 
citizens of Coshocton county. ]Mr. Ferguson was bom some years ago, but, 
being single, no one around A^'est Lafayette is so unkind as to tell the date. 
Hence this item will have to be omitted. He is a son of Vincent and Rachel 
Ferguson, the former deceased. His birthplace Ls just east of West Lafayette, 
on "The Experiment Farm," where he now resides. 

Mr. Ferguson Ls a self-made man, except the first twenty-five or thirty 
years of his life, during which time his parents very kindly assisted in 
supporting him. As above indicated, he is single, but not by his own choos- 
ing, and is doing all he can at this writing to obey the injunction: "It is 
not well for man, etc." 

]Mr. Ferguson is editor and proprietor of The Indicator, an eight-page 
periodical circulating among the folks pretty generally between Turkey 
Lock and Po&sum Hollow, and now and then turning up most anywhere 
between the Androscoggin and the Sandwich Islands. The paper is a high 
class publication, printed on a perplex press just behind the stove. Every 
Thursday Dan. the foreman, and Mr. Ferguson alternate their number nines 
at the power plant. 

On the side, Mr. Ferguson looks after "The Experiment Farm." a broad 
expanse of hard work and horse sorrel. This farm produces some of the 
finest elderberries in America, and blackberries and taxes grow in riotous 
profusion. And it has some old fence rows that produce as fine and com- 
plete a collection of natural history as can be found anywhere in America. 

]\Ir. Ferguson lielongs to the jMethodi.*! Protestant church and the Blue 
Hole Fishing Club, two local organizations working side by side for the 
betterment of mankind. Politically he is a democrat, into which belief he 
came by a long line of inheritance, without much effort on his part. It 
wasn't a struggle for the rights of the common people or anything of that 
kind — just born that way. He doesn't take politics to heart in a violent 
manner and have spasms when he hears the wanvhoop. However, he is now 
serving hLs country very creditably in a township office, the emoluments of 
which are about fifty dollars per year, which, much to his embarrassment, 
is not payable in time for the Coshocton County Fair. 

Further than this, there isn't much to be said about the defendant. He 
never went to war. never served in high office, never married an heiress. 


He never invented anything for the yoinl (if Imnianity, never broke miy 
reeord-;. He is not a son of the Kevi.hitiini, mir tlie father of a celebrated 
halfbaek. He i,- only the scion of a .-on of Krin who didn't get over here 
in time to whip the English. But had the latter arrived a few years sooner 
the war would have been much shorter and the subject of this sketch would 
now have some interesting heirlooms in the garret. Mr. Ferguson is simply 
a plain citizen, with two changes of shirt-, a splendid digestion three times 
a day and just enough debts to kcp him frdui cavorting around over 
Europe cxrvy smiiniei'. His only distinclidu i- a gladness that he's .living 
and a hnjic tliat when his sunniions conie- for the next history he'll be a 
millionaire, with his wife traveling in Italy, and will get into the book with 
two columns and a halftone on one of the front pages, and at a greatly 
r-educed price, such as not to embarrass him financially. 


Levi X. Xorris has gained di-tinctinu as licing the largest landowner in 
Coshocton county, owning seven Innidred and twenty-five acres in Pike 
townshiii, where he follows farming and stock-raising. He is a native of 
Greene county, Pennsylvania, born ilay 17, 1839, of th© marriage of Thomas 
and ^laria (Phillips) Norris. The father died in the Keystone state in 1854, 
subsequent to which time the mother with her five children, of whom I^evi 
was the eldest, came to Coshocton county, arriving in the winter of 1855-5. 

Levi X. Xorris was a youth of sixlcfu year- at tlic time the family re- 
moved to Cosiioclon county and all the educational advantages lie enjoyed 
was prior to coining to tlii- state, for he was ].cniiitl«Ml to attend school but 
two days in tiiis county, \u< services lieing nccdcil in tiie support of the fam- 
ily. He was employed at farm labor for ^evclal year.-, during which time he 
carefully saved his earnings, which he used to purchase a team and a few 
farm im]ilements to begin life on hi.- own i-cspon-ihility. He rented land 
for a few years liut in 1862 had saved a sum ,-utficient to enable him to in- 
ve.-t in lifty acres, which constitutes a. jiortion of his pre.sent homestead 
proiierty. As the years have gouc liy he lia- ]ir<ispered in his undertakings 
and as his financial resources have ]MTniilte<l lie has added to his original 
holdings until his possessions now enil)rac<' seven hundred and twenty-five 
acres and lie is accounted the large.-t landowner in the county. All of his 
land is well iiiijiroved and has l)eeii placed under a. high state of cultiva- 
tion, so that he meets with more than fair succe.s.s in his operations as a gen- 
eral farmer and stock-raiser. He makes a specialty of sheep, cattle and 
horses and this branch of his business is proving profitable. He has never 
taken advantage of another in any trade transaction, so that his success has 
been worthily and honorably won. 

Mr. Norris was married June 4, 1884, to INIiss Adaline Chaney, a 
daughter of Lewis and Catherine (Ashcraft) Chaney, and she has proved 
to him a valuable assistant on the journey of life. ^Ir. Xorris is a democrat 



ill his political views and affiliations and has served a.s township trustee and 
■school director for several years. While not accepting some of the dogmas 
of religious bodies and uniting with no church, he nevertheless is deeply 
interested in the moral progress of the community and is a liberal con- 
tributor to religious work. He and his estimable wife occupy a beautiful 
modern home and enjoy all of the comforts and many of the luxuries of 
life. Mr. Norris is a splendid exami^le of a self-made man, for he stai'ted 
out in life without any extraordinary family or pecuniary advantages and 
by indomitable courage and integrity ha- achieved both character and 


Clarence Thomas, shipping clerk with the ]\Ieek Company, in which 
connection he has large responsibilities and arduous duties, was born in 
Roscoe, October 14, 1851. His father, William Thomas, a native of Penn- 
sylvania, came to Coshocton in 1821 and settled in Tonica Creek in Bedford 
township, where his father entered land from the government. William 
Thomas was then but a boy and in the early years of hi^ residence here he 
assisted in the ai-duoas task of developing new land, transforming the wild 
tract into productive fields. When a young man, however, he learned the 
blacksmith's trade and followed that pursuit in Coshocton during the greater 
part of his life, although he worked for two seasons on the construction of 
the Ohio state canal. His political suj^port Avas given the democracy. 

As a student in the public schools Clarence Thomas mastered the 
branches of learning that qualified him for life's practical duties. At the 
age of seventeen years he apprenticed himself to the molder's trade, at 
which he worked for ten yeare and then, on account of his health, he aban- 
doned that pursuit and for some years was employed in various ways. In 
1895 he entered the sei-viee of the Standard Advertising Company and after 
the merging of that company with the Meek Company he continued with 
the new organization, which conducted its business under the firm style of 
the Beach & Meek Company. At length the interests were separated and 
Mr. Thomas remained with the Meek Company, which he has now repre- 
sented as shipping clerk for more than thirteen years. In this connection 
he has entire charge of shipments and the position is one of large responsibility 
and importance, as upon him drpciKl- the quick delivery of goods to patrons 
— a feature in the success of the house. 

ilr. Thomas gives his political allegiance to the democratic party and 
keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day. He i^ a broad 
reader and while hi? early school privileges were somewhat limited, he is 
today a well informed man who keeps in touch with all questions of general 
moment. He belongs to Coshocton Lodge, No. 96, A. F. & A. M., Samar- 
itan Chapter, No. 50, R. A. M.. and became a charter member of Coshocton 
Commandery, No. '63, Iv. T. He is a worthy exemplar of the craft and is 


al.<o a faithful lueiuher nf llie :\Iacfabees tenl in Coshoclon. Slrono- pur- 
jxisc. laudalile ambition and fidolily to tlie intercuts t'nlrustcd to his care 
liavc cnnslitutcd the strong features in his liusiiic-s cai'ci r and have hron.<iht 
to him a remunerative position. 


Piofessor Alexander ('. :Mel»(inald Inilds liioli rank with the educators 
of this section of Ohio Avho are connoeled with the jiuhlie-school system. 
For the past five years he has been superintendent nf the schools of Roscoe, 
which under his direction have made substantial advante along lines Avhich 
have kept them in touch with the most progressive educational methods of 
the present day. With deep interest in his work, Professor ^McDonald has 
labored earnestly for the improvement of the schools with which he has 
been connected and has inspired pupils and teachers with rmich of his own 
zeal and interest. 

Profe.^sor McDonald is numbered among the native sons of Coshocton 
county, his birth having occurred in New Moscow, April 14, 1858. His 
parents were William and Jane (McClannahan) McDonald, both natives of 
Muskingum county, Ohio, and both of Scotch de.scent. William McDonald 
remo\ed to Coshocton county soon after his marriage, which was celebrated 
aliout 1845, settling in Virginia township, where he 'engaged in farming, 
and with the exception of a .short period of two years he spent the remainder 
of his life in that township, there passing away Se])tember 23, 1903. He was 
a republican in politics and, while never an nUice seeker, he served for thirt.y- 
six yeai's as justice of the peace, being elected again and again by those who 
recognized his unfaltering fidelity to duty, knowing that his opinions were 
ever free from judicial bias or personal prejudice. He was an active and 
devoted member of the Christian church and his life, ever upright and 
honorable, commanded for him the unqualified respect of those with whom 
he came in contact. Those who knew him were glad to be numbered among 
his friends and one could always win his friendship by a straightforward 
life and upright character. His wife, a most estimable lady, died July 26, 
1895, at the age of sixty-nine years. 

The environments and conditions of farm life were known to Alexander 
C. McDonald in his boyhood days. Having ma.stered the branches of learn- 
ing taught in the village school of New Moscow, he afterward attended 
Antioch College at Yellow Springs, Ohio, and on completing his course 
there returned home. In the fall of 1879 he entered upon the profession 
of teaching, being employed at Conesville, where he taught for one year. 
He was for eleven years a teacher of the schools in New Moscow, although his 
work there was not continuous, being interrupted at varioiLS times by teach- 
ing in other localities. He finally returned to Con&sville, where he spent three 
years as superintendent of the schools and in the fall of 1901 he came to 
Roscoe as assistant superintendent of schools. Two years later he was chosen 


superintendent and has since ably served in this capacity, instituting many 
modern methods and needed reforms. He is a broad-minded man and an 
able educator, who holds to high ideals in his profession and accomplishes 
what he undertakes. He has been identified with educational work continu- 
oa~ly for twenty-nine years and the cause of public instruction in this locality 
has been largely promoted through his efforts and infiuenee. During the past 
two years he has served as college examiner. 

Professor McDonald was the candidate of the rL'[)ul)licaii party for the 
office of county sheriff in the fall of 1908. This nomination came to him 
largely as the result of the friendship and labors of many who hold him in 
liigh regard and believe that he will prove a competent official. They urged 
him to allow his name to be presented before the republican convention and 
although he had two strong opponents in the field he was nominated by a 
good majority. At the election November 3 it was found that he had received 
a majority of one hundred and seventy-three, although the democratic party 
usually had a majority of five hundred in the county and Bryan received 
that many more votes than Taft. 

On the 2d of October, 1884, Professor [McDonald was married to Miss 
Jeiniie Finnell, of Roscoe, Ohio, and they liave become the parents of three 
children, New'ton, Blanche and George, but the younger son is now deceased. 
The elder son is a teacher in the district .schools and is preparing himself 
for a college course in civil engineering. The daughter is the wife of Ray- 
mond R. Raymond and ha? been identified with theatrical work since her 
marriage February 27. 1907. 

Professor McDonald is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church ot 
Roscoe and is sei-ving on its board of trustees, while in all departments of 
the church work he is deeply interested. Like the great majority of men 
who are students and whose lives have Iseen passed along lines demanding 
intellectual activity. Professor McDonald is interested in those things -which 
promote honorable manhood and develop high character. His influence is 
found on the side of intellectual and moral progress and he always has a 
band outreaching to a.ssist a fellow traveler on life's journey. 


David Everhart, deceased, was born in White Eyes township. Coshocton 
county, Ohio, March 8, 1833, his parents being Frederick and Elizabeth 
(Mizer) Everhart, who were natives of Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
and were among the earliest settlers of White Eyes township. Their family 
numbered four children, all of whom are now deceased. 

David Everhart was reared on the old home farm in his native town- 
ship and assisted his father in the work of the fields until the latter's death. 
In 1871 he purchased the farm of one hundred and eleven acres in White 
Eyes township that is now owned by hL^ children, and there successfully 
carried on agricultural pursuits until called to his final rest. In addition to 


the work of general farming he was also extensively engaged in stock-raising 
and bought and sold a great many horses. In fact, he was one of the best 
judges of horse flesh in the county, being able to give the con-ect value of 
an animal almost at a glance. He was well known and highly esteemed as 
one of the prosperous and enterprising citizens of the community, and gained 
the confidence and good will of all with whom he came in contact by reason 
of his straightforward and honorable dealings under all circumstances. The 
main portion of the residence which stands on the Everhart farm is over one 
hundred years old and was one of the first frame houses erected in this part 
of the county. The same floor and the same plastering have done service 
since the time of its construction. 

On the 16th of January, 1862, Mr. Everhart was united in marriage to 
Miss Sophia Gonter, whose birth occurred in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, July 
2, 1840, her parents being Jacob and Elizabeth (Stilgenbower) Gonter, the 
former a native of Tuscarawas county and the latter of Germany. The mother 
Avas born in 1813 and when eighteen years of age accompanied her parents 
on their emigration to the new world, the family home being established in 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio. There she gave her hand in marriage to Jacob 
Gonter and they resided on a farm in that county until the time of their 
demise. The father of Mrs. Everhart, whose birth had occurred in 1814, 
passed away August 5, 1898, while her mother's death occurred on the 7th of 
October, 1884. Unto this worthy couple were born seven children, six of 
whom still survive, namely: Mrs. Everhart; Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel 
AVyler, of Ragersville, Ohio; Mary, the wife of John Saunterman, of Tus- 
carawas county. Ohio ; Sylvester, a resident of White Eyes township ; Adeline, 
the wife of Adam Dook, of White Eyes township; and George, living in 
Tuscarawas county. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Everhart were born six children, as follows: Calvin, 
of White Eyes township; Mary E., the wife of Wilber Ely, of Crawford 
township; Saloma, the wife of Jacob Leavengood, Coshocton; Walter, a 
resident of Coshocton; Ella, the wife of Henry Hooper, of Keene township; 
and Milton, who operates the home farm for his mother. 

In his political views Mr. Everhart was a republican, while his religious 
faith was indicated by his membership in the English Lutheran church, 
with which his widow is identified. Mrs. Everhart has won the regard and 
friendship of all who know her because of her genuine personal worth and 
manv excellent traits of heart and mind. 


The field of opportunity is limitless in this land, which is unhampered 
by caste or clas.5, and the man who has determination and energy may carve 
out his fortune to suit himself. Recognizing this fact Mr. Mizer has stead- 
ily worked his way upward undeterred by obstacles or difficulties and today 
he occupies a prominent position as one of tlie leading representatives of 


fire insurance in Ohio. The Mizer family, of which Wilham A. Mizer is a 
representative, was founded in Pennsylvania at an early iDeriod in the 
history of this country and during the pioneer epoch in the history of Jef- 
ferson county, Ohio, representatives of the name settled in Gennano near 
Jefferson county, Ohio. The family is noted for longevity, one of its mem- 
bers dying at the advanced age of one hundred and two years, while the 
sister of his paternal grandmother reached the age of ninety-seven years. 

Phillip Mizer, the grandfather of our subject removed to Shanesville, 
Ohio, and became a prominent and influential resident of that community. 
He was a cabinetmaker by trade and also engaged in making coffins. For 
thirty years he served as justice of the peace and was well known through- 
out the district as Squire Mizer. He was a handsome man, well propor- 
tioned and the strength of his character made him one of the leading citi- 
zens of his community. He was married at Germano to Margaret Schultz. 
Their son, George P. Mizer, was born at Shanesville, Tuscarawas county, 
Ohio, and devoted his life to farming, in which business he was quite suc- 
cessful. He was a man of intensely patriotic spirit and did everything in 
his power to promote the best interests of his county, state and nation. In 
1846 he married Miss Catherine Hagen, a native of A\'ashington county, 
Pennsylvania, who in her girlhood days was brought to Ohio by her par- 
ents, the family home being established near New Comerstown. The death 
of George P. Mizer occurred June 30, 1886, but his widow still survives 
at the. age of eighty-one yeai-s. 

T'pon the home farm William A. Mizer was reared and when not busy 
with his text-books as a district-school student he aided in the work of the 
home farm, assi.~1ing in the culf ivatimi of the fields from the time of early 
spring planting. His i)r(liiiiiuary (Mlucaliiiu was supplemented by study in 
a select school at New Comerstown, which he attended through two winter 
sea,sons. At the age of nineteen jears he began work in a country store and 
in early life he was inured to had labor and learned the value of untiring 
industry and perseverance. On the 9th of September, 1865, he began clerk- 
ing for the firm of Mizer & Ley for five dollars per month. His duties were 
manifold and included the janitor work in the store and the currying of the 
horses, besides making sales. Tha.t he proved capable and faithful is indi- 
cated by the fact that he was frequently entrusted to conduct the business in 
the absence of the proprietors and at one time five thousand dollars was left 
in his care. He remained in that store for three years and while there 
learned the German language, for there were many German speaking peo- 
ple in the neighborhood. He afterwai'd became a salesman in the employ of 
J. W. Pierce and subsequently, as the result of his diligence and economy, 
he was enabled, in connection with John II. Lovelace, to purchase this store 
which he conducted for three jreai-s. Selling out on account of his health 
he afterward engaged in the sale of farm implements for one year and on 
the 3d of January, 1878, he became connected wath the insurance business, 
accepting the agency in Coslioeldn county for the Farmers Insurance Com- 
pany of Leroy, Ohio. He al.-" iv|iiv.Miiled the interests of the company in 
Holmes county, Ohio, and is .-till ciigaged in the business, controlling today 


the largest fire insurance agency in Coshocton. Prior to his removal to this 
city he lived in Bakersville until September 1, 1890. He has done business 
in this county for the past thirty-five years and has a mde acquaintance 
throughout its borders. 

Mr. Mizer has always been active in politics and is a stalwart advocate 
of democratic principles. On the 9th of November, 1899, he was elected 
clerk of the courts of Coshocton county and served for three years. In 1903 
he was again chosen for that oflice and continued in the position until 
1906. Otherwise he has never sought political preferment but has been con- 
tent to do his duty as a citizen in private relations, giving his aid and influ- 
ence to every measure calculated to prove of public benefit. He has been 
president of the Citizens Building & Loan Association since 1894 and is 
proving an excellent executive officer, at the same time carefully controlling 
bis in.surance business, in which connection he represents about twenty 

On the 22d of November, 1870, Mr. Mizer was married to Miss Helen 
M. Pierce and they now have three children: French V., born July 16, 
1875; Blake V., born February 13, 1880; and Audrey V., March 8, 1888. 
Mr. Mizer is a Royal Arch Alason, and is most loyal to the teachings of the 
craft and is in hearty sympathy with its principles of mutual helpfulness 
and brotherly kindness. His reliability in business, his consideration for 
the rights and interests of others, his activity in support of progressive com- 
munity affairs and his faithfulness in the discharge of every obligation that 
devolves upon him. have niadc liiin one of the popular and resjiected citi- 
zens of Coshocton. 


James R. Park, a member of the firm of Park & Renner, owners of the 
planing-mill at Fresno, was born in White Eyes township, this county, on 
March 26, 1862, a son of W. H. Park, a sketch of whose life appears else- 
where in this volume. Our subject was reared on a farm and received a 
common-school education. At the age of twenty years he began to learn 
the carpenter's trade, and thus early became interested in the lumber 
product, with which he familiarized himself to the fullest detail by work- 
ing in a sawmill during the winter months for fifteen successive years, fol- 
lowing his trade of carpentering during the months of summer. In 1893 
Mr. Park located in Fresno and from that time on devoted his entire atten- 
tion to carpentering until in 1903, when in conjunction with Philip Ren- 
ner he equipped a sawmill plant with all modern machinery and engaged 
in the manufacture of lumber, handling it from the log to the finished 
product. Their output consists of window sashes, door frames, and all kinds 
of mill work. Their patronage has been most liberal and the business has 
been a thriving one from the outset. In addition to his milling interests, 
Mr. Park is also a director and treasurer of the Avondale Glove Company, 
of which he was one of the organizers. 

HLSTOKY OF C().siI()CT( )X ('orXTV 4r>3 

On May 28, 1884, Mr. I'nrk was uuitcMl m iiuiiTia,-,' lu Mi-,- Salnna 
Boyd who, like himself, is a nalivc ..f Wliilc^ Kyc- tii\vii-hi|i. Imni Mav .".(). 
1860. She is the daughter of Saimiel T, and Snphia (Caton) lioyd. Her 
father died in 1888 at the age of fifty-five years while her mother, who is 
now sixty-three years of age, is a resident of Coshocton. They were the 
parents of four children, of whom throe arc living, namely: Saloma, the 
wife of our subject; Luella, the wife df Mem Weir, of Co.-hiirtnii : ;iiid 
Blanche, the wife of Bert Todd, al-o nf ('ndi(u-ton. Vuin Mr. and Mrs. 
Park have been born six cliildrcii. nann' 
ware college; Walter, Ku.-.-dl and \'irgil. 
their parent^. Walter i.s engagiMl in Icac 
of the Fresno high school. Lester, tiie oli 

Politically Mr. Park is a rcpHblicau 
pulilic ofKce. lie has ever taken an acti 
and is now a member of the board of cdn 
ber of Fresno Lodge, No. 11688, M. W. 
he and his wife are also members of tb 
faith is indicated by bis membership in 
in which be holds tlie otiice of treasurer. 

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Andrew Steiahon neetLs no introduction to the readers of this volume 
for he is a well known business man of Baker-\illc', where he is successfully 
engaged in merchandising. Tie has also been active in communitj' affairs 
and his labors in behalf of pnbHc |irogn'.-< have been far-reaching and bene- 
ficial. He Avas born in Tuscarawas cmiiity. oliid. Xovember 3, 1853, and is 
a son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Eckerf) Stcpbon, both «( wliom were natives 
of Germany. They remained resident-^ of ibat land until IMl'. wbeii they 
came to America and establislied tiicir Ikhiic in Tii.-carawas comity. The 
father was a tailor by trade. I ut after reacbinu the new wmld turned his 
attention to general agriciillmal pur-uil-. nwnini: and culti\atiiig a farm in 
Tascarawas cnunty up U> the tina- of hi- dealli. wliicb i.ccunvd in .Tune. 
1888. His wi<low survived him for about ei-bt year- aial pa.-sed away in 
ISO:;. They were the parents of thirteen children, of whom eight are liv- 
ing: Margaret, the wife of Fred Eckfelt is living in Port Washington, 
Ojiin; Henry, who.-e home is in Guernsey county. Ohio; Caroline, the wife 
of \'alentine (ioedle. a re-icbait of I'.lackl.aud. Oliio; Adam, whose home is 
in Tu-carawa- c<ainty: Eimiia, tb( wile of .Ma:k Miller al-o living in Tus- 
carawas county: Wiliiain. of the same coimly: .Mary tb.' wife of David A'an- 
o.-tran of Tuscarawa- county: and .Viidivw, of tiii- review. 

Andrew Stepbon spent the day- of bis boylaiod ami ynHh under the 
parental roof, and acquired hi- education in tin' eommon -cliools. During 
the periocL of vacation he worked in the li/lds. a-^-i-tiiii; in the plowing, 


planting- and harvesting, but at length he put a^ide agricultural interests. 
He then became a dealer in sewing machines and continued in that busi- 
ness for ten years, when he believed that his experience and his capital, 
acquired through his previous industry and economy, justified his becom- 
ing a factor in commercial lines. Therefore, in 1887 he turned his atten- 
tion to mercantile lines in Bakersville. There he has conducted business 
continuously since, having a well appointed store. His sales are now quite 
extensive and the enterprise is proving profitable. 

In 1877 Mr. Stephen married Miss Clara Andrews, who was born in 
Tuscarawas county in 1856. Her father died in December, 1899, but her 
mother is still living and yet makes her home in Bakersville. Mrs. Stephon 
was one of a family of seven children, and hy her marriage has become the 
mother of three daughters: Jeasie is the wife of R. T. Leach, who is in 
partnership with her father, and by this marriage there is one son, 
Andrew; Stella J. Ls the wife of E. D. Swagert, of New Comer.stown, Ohio, 
and they have one daughter, Dorothea K.; ^Mildred M., a graduate of the 
Bakersville high school, is yet at home. 

The parents are consistent and faithful menibers of the Presbyterian 
church, and they occupy an enviable position in social circles, where intel- 
ligence is regarded as an essential factor to agreeableness. Mr. Stephon is 
well known as a leading republican of his community, and for three terms 
filled the office of assessor. He has also served on the school board and was 
postmaster under presidents Harrison and McKinley. His official duties 
have always been discharged with the utmost promptness and fidelity, and 
he is widely recognized as a citizen of genuine worth whether found in bus- 
iness, political and social relations. 


The ]>i-i)-\)vyity of any connnunity, town or city depends upon its com- 
mercial activity, its industrial interests and its trade relations and therefore 
among the builders of a town are those who stand at the head of its busi- 
ness enterprises. In this relation Thomas J. Hanley deserves mention. He 
has for eighteen years been engaged in llie milling business and is now pres- 
ident of the Hanley Milling Cmnpany. mie of the .successful and important 
productive industries of the city. He Avas l)orn in County Limerick, Ire- 
land, -Inly 12, 1859, and his parents. David and Ann (Carey) Hanley, 
were also natives of County Limerick. They came to the United States 
with their family of seven children in 1862 and settled in Steubenville, 
Ohio, where they continued to reside until called to the home beyond. The 
father passed away in 1874 at the age of sixty-two years, while his wife died 
at the age of .seventy-eight. 

Th(inia< J. Hanley was but three years old when his parents sailed 
M-vn.« ilic Atlantic and be.came residents of the new world. He attended 
the ]i\iblic .schools of Steubenville and afterward continued his education in 

T. J, irAXT.EY 


the Curry Institute of Pitt.sburg. He started in Ijusiness life at tlie nee of 
seventeen years in company with hi^ two brothers, Richard and .Tuseph P. 
Ilanley, the former now engaged in the real-estate busines.- in Shrridan. 
Peinisylvania. while the latter was ]iracticing law in Toledo. (hi< state, at 
the time .if his death, which (Kcinavd in July. lOOS. The brothers 
formed a partner.-ihip and engage<l in thr manufacture of brooms in 
Steubenbville for two years. Thonia- J. llaidey then turned his attention 
to railroading, with which busines.- hr wa- i-nnnected for five years. 

In the year iss;; ,K-currc.l llic innrriau.' of Mv. Hanky and Miss Mary 
M. O'Connor, df (;re^.-Mn Springs. Pennsylvania, and immediately following 
his ^Ir. Hanley em^aiii'd ui general merchandising in Dennison, 
Ohio, where he remained until July. 1S91. Selling out his business there, 
he came to Coshocton in tlic -anif year and succeeded J. F. Williams & 
Son in the milling busines-. bn-niing a ]iarinership with Samuel Ferguson. 
They operated the mill undir the tirm nanic of Ferguson & Hanley until 
1896, when Mr. Hanley iiurclui-cd bi- pai-tuci';- int.'rr^t and carried on the 
business individually. In I'.iiiJ. buwcvcr. ibc Im-iiK-s was incnrporated 
under the name of the Ilanley Milling Company, with Mr. Ilanley as the 
president arid general manager. This has become an important industry of the 
city. The mill i,s equipped with the latest improved machinery and modern 
appliances and is one of the largest in C"shocton. The excellence of their 
l)roduct insures them a lil>eral patronage and the company is kept Imsy fill- 
ing orders from all parts of the surrounding country. The output of the 
house is now large and the scope of manufacture includes White Lily, Early 
Riser and Snow Flake flours. They also manufacture meal and feed and 
deal in grain. Mr. Hanley is also president of the Sixtli Street theater. He 
i.s a man of fnrceful character and marked individuality and is gathering the 
generous harvest which i,- the .just recompense of indomitable energy. 

Unto Mr. and Mr-. Hanley have been born six children: ^'eronica, 
Delsie. Thomas. Ambm-;'. Jerome and !Mary Margaret, all of whom are 
under the ]iareiUal rodf. Mr. Ilaidey is a memljer of Cosliocton Lod.a:e, No. 
37K, B. P. 0. E.; O.-hurtun Cvancil. No. 994. K. C. : and the Catholic 
church. Hi- intere.-t in (•(Jiniinniity aflairs i- imt a matter of idle assertion. 

On the contrary he i- a wurker for the public l; 1 and i.s now the president 

of the Coshocton County Oood R<iad> A.-.-nciaticju. He stands for progress 
not only in his business affairs but in public life as well and his efforts are 
proving far-reaching and beneficial. 


AMiile well known in business aft'airs as a representative of agricultural 
and stock-raising and breeding; interests. Jolm Wagoner has also figured prom- 
inently in local political circle.- and has been especially active and helpful 
in support of movements for the miprovement of roads. He is now serving 
as road commissioner and in other cities has done etfecti\e service for the 
public welfare. 


A native of Muskingum foiuity, Ohio, Mr. A\'agoner was born June 'li, 
1834, a son of John and Barbara (Shurtz) Wagoner, both of whom were 
natives of Pennsylvania. The father went to Muskingum county, Ohio, as a 
young man, while the mother located there during her girlhood days with 
her parents. John AVagoner was born in 1796 and w-hile still a resident of 
Pennsylvania assisted in building the ships which composed Commodore 
Perry's fleet on Lake Erie during the war of 1812. He volunteered to Perry 
before the battle but owing to his youth and a full complement of men he 
was not accepted. On coming to Muskingum county he turned his atten- 
tion to farming, with which he was identified iIuiIul;, liis active life. He died 
in 1879 upon the farm w-here the birth of hi.s son John occurred, and on 
which he had long made his home, transforming the place from a mid, un- 
improved tract of land into one of rich fertility. His early political support 
was given to the whig party, and on its dissolution he joined the ranks of the 
republican pai-ty, believing firmly that its principles were most conducive to 
good government. AVhile never an office seeker he was a factor in the party 
councils, and his fellow townsmen called him to serve in various township 
positions. In the community he v,as regarded as a man of influence, for it 
v/as known that his views of life were sound and progressive and that he 
manifested an unusual interest in public affairs. 

Mr. Wagoner, whose name introduces this review, w-as reared at home, 
acquiring his education in the common schools of the township. At twenty- 
one yeai-s of age he began teaching and for fifteen years followed the pro- 
fession, imparting readily and clearly to others the knowledge which he had 
acquired. During these years he was also engaged in farming and in the 
operation of a sawmill and a threshing-machine. He introduced the second 
portable sawmill ever brought into the county and w^as also the owner of 
one of the early threshers here. Leaving Alaskingum county in 1859, he 
removed to Coshocton county and for four years was a rasident of Tuscarawas 
township. SiLsequently he removed to Franklin township, where he has 
since resided, and since 1869 has made his home continuously on the farm 
of one hundred and ninety-three acres, which is still to him a gratifying 
source of revenue. The fields annually return golden haiwests, and in 
addition to the tilling of the soil he has made a specialty of the breeding 
and raising of Merino sheep, while for several years he has also extensively 
engaged in buying wool. His business judgment is usually correct and his 
enterprLse has placed him among the men of affluence in his community. 
While he has capably conducted his business interests, Mr. Wagoner has 
also figured prominently in republican circles and for years has taken an 
active part in the work of the organization, his opinions carrying weight in 
its councils. He has likewise been a stalwart and helpful advocate of the 
cause of public education and served for several years as a member of the 
school board, while at the present time he is treasurer of the board. He has 
likewise favored higher education and in fact does all in his power to promote 
intellectual progress. Something of his personal popularity is indicated by 
the fact that while living in a township which is regarded as a democratic 
stronghold he is now serving as township treasurer. He has also been elected 


and reelected justice of the peace, until hi.s incumbency in the office covers 
twelve years, during which time his decLsions were strictly fair and im- 
partial, winning for him the commendation of all law-abiding citizens. He 
has for years been an advocate of good roads and has done much to better 
the condition of public highways in Coshocton county. Under a special act 
authorizing not less than four townships to improve the roads by special 
taxation he was appointed a road commissioner in 1907 for the townships 
of Franklin, Tuscarawas, Jackson and Keene, and in this capacity has done 
much to further the good roads movement here, liLs labors being manifested 
in practical results which have met with the approval of the citizens of 
this ]iart of the county. 

Mr. Wagoner has been married twice. In ISoS he wedded Miss Cath- 
erine Zimmer, of Maskingum county, and imto them were born six children, 
of whom four are living, namely: Ada Alice, the wife of Andrew Brannon, 
of Franklin town.-hip: Henry Howard, a fruit-grower of Stanislaus county, 
California: .ludson E., superintendent of the Coshocton Iron Works, at 
Monongahela, Pennsylvania: and William' A., a farmer of Franklin town- 
ship. The wife and mother died in 1883. and in 1885 Mr. Wagoner mar- 
ried Mrs. Hattie AA^elling, nee Lewis, of Falls township, Muskingum county, 
a daughter of George Lewis, who was one of the early settlers there and was 
prominent in community affaire, serving a.s the first clerk of the court in 
Muskingum county and as one of its first suiTeyors, being employed by the 

Mr. Wagoner is a member of the Patrons of Husbandn- and has alway.s 
taken an active part in religioiLS work, being now one of the members and 
trustees of St. Paul's Lutheran church in Franklin township. His life has 
been well spent. For a period of almost a half century he has lived in 
Coshocton county, and has not only been an interested witness of its growth 
and improvement, but has contributed in substantial measure to its develop- 
ment, while as a business man he has made a creditable record, and that his 
social qualities prove attractive is indicated by his large circle of friends. 


.John McCoy, the father of our subject, came to Ohio in 1806 in com- 
pany with his parents, .Joseph and Milly McCoy, and first located at Zanes- 
ville. but the following winter removed to Virginia township, Coshocton 
county, where a cabin was built in midwinter. Upon that farm the family 
made their home for ten years and it is now owned by William McGee. 
The boys of the McCoy household spent most of their time playing with 
the Indians as there were no schools to attend. In 1817, at the age of 
twenty-two years, John McCoy entered a tract of land in Virginia township, 
consLsting of four hundred acres, and since that far-distance date the McCoy 
farm has changed hands but once, that being from John McCoy to Abner, 
the subject of this sketch. 


Abiier i\IcCoy did his full share in the development and improvement 
of a tract of land of four hundred acres and it was onh^ during a few weeks 
of the winter months that he was permitted to attend school, therefore his 
advantages in that direction were very limited. Mr. McCoy began life on 
his own accdunt on the farm which has always been his home, this being- 
one of the largest and most productive tracts of land in Coshocton county. 
In addition to doing general farming he also raises stock on rpiite an ex- 
tensive scale, keeping only that of the highest grades. 

Mr. McCoy was married on the 18th of October, 1871, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Meek, a daughter of Asa and Virginia Meek, residents of Virginia 
township. Their union was blessed with seven children, three sons and 
four daughters. The sons are George F., Asa and William A., while tbe 
daughters are: Virginia, the wife of Harvey Cox; Sarah J., the wife of 
Edward Dickinson; Margaret B. ; and Mabel V. The wife and mother 
passed to her final reward February 26, 1908, and thus the community 
one of its most highh^ esteemed women and the household a devoted and 
loving wife and mother. 

Mr. McCoy gives his political support to the democratic party and in 
1887 was elected a member of the board of county commisssioners, serving 
for two terms, or six years. He brought to the office sound judgment and 
good business sense, and in political circles is held in high esteem. He 
also served as school director for several years and at the present writing is 
a niemlx'r of the township board of education. He i.s a public-spirited citi- 
zen, whose worth well merits the high regard in which he is uniformly held. 


Jacob Edmond Wolfe, who follows farming in Tuscarawas township, 
is a representative of one of the oldest families of this county. Hardly had 
the work of improvement and development been begun when his grandpar- 
ents settled in this part of the state. The Indians still visited the neighbor- 
hood and only here and there had a white man established a home and laid 
claim to the land, plantiuLi the .-reds of civilization on virgin soil. The grand- 
parents came from Penii-ylvmiiii in the year of 1812 and settled on White 
Eyes plains, where the ij,r;ni(lfatlier acquired extensive landed properties. 

There, amid the wild scenes of pioneer life, George Wolfe, the father 
of our subject, was reared. He was born in Pennsylvania and was therefore 
ten years of age when he came with his parents to Ohio. He assisted in the 
arduous of developing a new farm and experienced many of the hard- 
ships and privations of pioneer life. After arriving at years of maturity he 
married Miss Annis Salyards, who was born in this county. They settled 
in Keene township, where George Wolfe, who was a tanner by trade, fol- 
lowed the tanning business for some years, meeting with excellent success 
in his undertakings. He also became one of the extensive farmers of the 
county, acquiring twelve hundred acres of land, which he managed in con- 


ncction with bio tanning inti'ro~ls. His imliiicnl .-u|iii(irt w:i,- uivrn td the 
(li-niocratic party and he served t'nv oin^ ici-m a- (■(unii\- (M)iiiiiii>-i()iier. Tie 
was also a deacon in the Bapti.-t chin-ch and hmk an aciivc and helpful in- 
terest in the chun-h work. Xn incaMiic fur the liriidit of ihe ciiinimiuity 
failed to receive hi- endnrscni.'nt and codiKTatidii aial he was regarded a- 
a valued resident of the county. He died Xdveniher 11, INSC, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-four years. 

Jacob Edmond Wolfe, whose name iuln)duce- llii,- review, war. horn on 
the home farm in Keene tnwu.-hip. Anjiiist 2, 1S(;4, and as his age and 
strength permitted he a-i.-ted nuav and largely in the work of the 
farm, alternating liis time between the laliors nf the lields ami the duties 
i)f the .-eboolroom. He attended successively the di-trict .m-IkihI.-. ihe high 
school of Louisville. Ohio, and the Keene Aeademw As his father was then 
in advanced years. Jacub Ivlniund WdUV tuoh up ilie wni'k df ib,' linme farm 
and managed the prnjierty. He enntiinied In re-ide then on fur live years 
after his father's death or until the .-priu" of iS'.il, when be removed to 
his present farm in Tuscarawa- lo«ii-liip — a pro|iert\' that came to him 
through inheritance. It is ,-plendidl\- improved. Keing Miuipped with all 
modern couv-'uiene,- an-l a<-e.'s-,,ri,-. ' A -ul :.~tanlial home, ,i;.mh1 birii- ami 
suli.stantial outbuildings stand in the nd(bl ..f well tilled Held-, and . very- 
thiue- about the jdace is indicative of lii.s care ami .-u]ier\ i,-ion. 

In r.iOl :\Ir, Wolfe was married to .\melin of West Lafayette, 
this county, and they have two children, <bnda .Ahiiia and l>'ean Samuel. 
Mr. Wolfe votes wilh the .lemoeralie parly and ha- -^aAe 1 a- lowii-bip lru-n>e 
for four years. He wa- president of the eoiumiitee appoiuied Ky ihe liu-iness 
Men's Association and the Good Roads Association of ('o-liorom county, who 
organized the townships of Tuscarawas, Jack-on, Keene and Franklin into 
a special road di.-trict for the im]irovem<ait of imlilic hiL^bway-. He is a 
trustee ..f the Methodist Kpi.-copal church, in ^^hu■h be hold- ' mendjer.ship. 
The work in-tituted by hi- erandbilber and carried ,mi by hi- tallaa- is con- 
tinued by him. and for almosi a century the family name ba.- lignred in 
connection with the bu-ini>,- developna nt and agricultural pro^n - of the 

(;f()i;(;f w. need. 

Oeorge W. Xee.l ha- reached the verv venerable a^e of eiL;htv-nine 
years and i- now livin.e with hi.- .-(mi in White Eye.- i.,wu-liip. His life has 
been one of bn.-ine.s., activity, cbaracteriz.Ml by strai.ehtfoi'ward dealing and 
wherever he ba.s lived he ha- enjoyd the c.ndiden.-.. and ,^..o,l will of his 
fellowmen. He was born in Harrison county, Ohio, March •"., isl'.i. .lames 
Monroe was at that time president of the I'nited Statt s and bad only bad 
three predecessors. Travel by the aid of steam, eitlna- on the railroad or on 
the rivers, wa,- hardlv known. In fact it liad ,L;one .-carcely beyon.l the ex- 
perimental stage. All of the great :\Iis.-i.s-iiipi valley wa- largely an 


unsettled and unimi^roved wilderness and the family home in which George 
Need spent his boyhood days was upon the frontier. His parents, George 
and Sarah (Myser) Need, were both natives of Pennsylvania but had be- 
come pioneers of Harrison county, Ohio, where the father followed the car- 
penter's trade. Unto him and his wife were born the following children : 
Matilda, deceased; George W., of this review; David and Margaret, who 
have also pas-sed away; Samuel, a resident of Tuscarawas county; John, 
who was killed in the war; Maria, the wife of John Hiner, of Iowa; and 
Sarah Ann, living in Tuscarawas county. The father died in 1856 and 
the mother, surviving him for three decades, passed away in 1886. 

(icorge W. Need was reared on the home farm amid the wild scenes and 
•environments of pioneer life. He can well remember when candles were used 
for lighting houses and when cooking, was done over the old-time fireplace. 
Most of the buildings of the neighborhood were constructed of logs and 
much of the natural timber still stood. Farm work was done with machin- 
ery very crade as compared with that of the present time and he has lived 
to see remarkable changes in the methods of farming. No longer does the 
farmer walk behind the plow in the fields and drop the seed by hand. The 
modern riding plow, the cultivator, the self reaper and binder and the steam 
thresher have replaced the primitive farm implements and revolutionized 
the work done in the fields. Mr. Need remained at home, assisting in the 
arduous of developing the place up to the time of his marriage. 

On the 8th of October, 1844, he wedded Miss Barbara Hawk, who 
was born in Carroll county, Ohio, in 1822 and was a daughter of Leonard 
and Margaret (Rydenhouse) Hawk. Following his marriage Mr. Need 
settled upon a rented farm, which he cultivated for three years and then 
when his economy and industry had brought him sufficient capital he pur- 
chased fifty acres of land in Coshocton county. On the place M-as a small 
log cabin, in which he lived for five years. He then sold his original farm 
and bought eighty acres in Adams town,ship, upon which he also lived for 
five years. Later he purchased another eighty-acre tract and afterward one 
hundred and thirty acres more, residing upon that place for seven years, 
when he sold all of his land in Ohio and removed to Iowa. He remained 
in the latter state, however, for only a year, when he returned to Coshocton 
county and invested in eighty acres of land, on which he resided for a year. 
On the expiration of that period he disposed of his property and lived upoii 
the Hawk farm for one year, after which he bought two hundred and fifty 
acres in Adams township, making it his home for about twelve months. On 
again selling out he once more went to Iowa, where he purchased two hun- 
dred and seventeen acres of land, cultivating it through the succeeding 
three years. He then disposed of tnat property and has since remained a 
resident of Ohio, now making his home with his only son, W. A. Need. 
who is married and resides upon a farm in White Eyes township. 

Since the organization of the republican party Mr. Need has been one 
of its stalwart supporters, always voting for its men and measures yet never 
seeking office for himself. Both he and his wife are earnest, consistent 
Christian people, holding membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. 


They have now traveled life's journey together for sixty-four years, shar- 
ing with each other the joys and sorrows, adversity and prosperity Avhich 
come into the lives of all. Mr. Need has been a busy man and his career 
has been a useful one but of recent years he has enjoyed a rest which he 
has truly earned and richly merits. No history of this community would 
De complete without mention of Mr. Need, who has lived to witness such 
remarkable changes here. He has seen the introduction of the railroad, 
the telegraph and the telephone, while schools and churches have given 
their civilizing influence to the upbuilding of the community and material 
progress has been continuously advanced. 


Robert Andrew Crawford, whose constantly expanding powers and spirit 
of dauntless enterprise have led him into the field of industrial activitj', where 
his labors are constituting a feature in the general progress of Coshocton, 
as well as a source of individual profit, is well known as the secretary and 
treasurer of the Hunt-Crawford Company, manufacturers of cornigated paper, 
packing and sujiplies. He was born .January 25, 1872, in Mill Creek town- 
ship, Coshocton county, and his early boyhood was spent on a farm. His 
father, Andrew Crawford, was a native of County Tyrone, Ireland, born 
in 1810. He came to America with his parents and other members of the 
family in 1820 and settled in Crawford township, Coshocton county, Ohio. 
Later he went to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where he was engaged in the 
tanning trade, and subsequently he operated a tannery in Crawford town- 
ship, Coshocton county. Later, however, he turned his attention to general 
agricultural pursuits and thus continued throughout the remainder of his 
active business career. In 1835 he was married to Miss ^Margaret Irwin, 
and unto them were born three sons and a daughter: William Henry, John 
Thomas. Guy Irwin and Sarah. Having lost his fii-st wife. Mr. Crawford 
wedded Mary Ann Ramsey on the 16th of July, 1867. They became par- 
ents of two sons, Oliver Ramsey and Robert Andrew. The mother was born 
in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, March 10, 1825, and died at Keene, Ohio, Janu- 
ary 10, 1902, having for more than nine years survived her husband who 
l>a.*sed away at Keene August 29, 1892. 

Robert A. Crawford spent his early life on the home farm near Keene 
and was graduated from the Keene township high school in 1891 and from 
the preparatory department of Wooster University in 1893. He then entered 
upon the collegiate classical course but was obliged to discontinue his studies 
in his senior year because of ill health. His first step after he left school 
in 1897 was to become a partner in the firm of Crawford & Whittemore, 
doing a general mercantile business in Keene, Ohio. He remained in that 
connection for two years and from 1899 until 1901 was engaged in the 
newspaper business, while through the succeeding two years he was a repre- 
sentative of the dry-goods trade in Coshocton. Thinking to find more 


profitable fields in manufacturing line.<, and .seeing opportunity for the estab- 
lishment of a good business, Mr. Crawford, in 1903, a.ssisted in the organiza- 
tion of the Hunt-Crawford Company, manufacturers of corrugated paper, 
packing and supplies. They built a plant in Coshocton, equipped it with 
the latest improved machinery known to the trade and have since conducted 
a growing and prosperous undertaking. From the beginning, Mr. Crawford 
has been secretary and treasurer of the company and ha,s contributed to its 
successful conduct by his administrative direction and .sound judgment. 

Not unknown in political circles he has exerted considerable influence 
in republican ranks and has been active as a member of the county central 
and executive committees. In 1904 he was appointed by Governor Herrick, 
Ohio building and loan examiner, and is still filling that position. He has 
been a member of the Phi Gamma Delta, a Greek letter fraternity, .since 
1893 and in 1900 joined the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He wa.s 
formerly identified with the Presbyterian church in Keene and he tran.<- 
ferred his memlier.-liiii t<> C(>^lll)(•t(^l on his removal to the latter city. 

On the 20tli nf I ),.,-,.i,il„.r. I'.tOO, in Coshocton, Mr. Crawford was mar- 
ried to 3Iiss Anni(/ Isalu'llc Stdver, a daughter of LeRoy S. and Sarah (Irvine) 
Stover and a granddaughter of James Irvine, who was a captain in the 
JNIexican war and organized the first military company from Coshocton under 
the three months' call, going to the front again with the rank of captain, 
while later he became major of cavalry. One child, Robert Irvine, was born 
unto Mr. and Mrs. Crawford, on the 10th of December, 1901, but died No- 
vember 19, 1903. Mr. Crawford is interested in all that pertains to the 
city's welfare and upbuilding and to its material, intellectual, social and 
moral progress. His influence can be counted upon to further movements 
for the public good and Coshocton county is proud to number him among 
her native sons, for he is today classed with her progressive citizens. 


Seth Shaw, a member of an old and prcimiuent county family to whom 
this section of the country is very largely indebted for its present high state 
of cultivation and development, was born in Lafayette township, November 
30, 1853, the son of Velzer and Margaret (Maple) Shaw. His paternal 
grandfather brought his family into this county from New Jersey in 1833, 
and bought a large tract of what was then wild land. Velzer Shaw, the 
father of our subject, was born in Orange cimnty. New Jersey, May 4, 1824, 
a.nd was therefore but nine years of age at the tiuu-. He wa~ reared in the 
midst of pioneer environments and as he grew to manhood the responsibil- 
ities of the place, to the possession of which he afterward succeeded, were 
largely shifted to his shoulders. He wedded ilargaret Maple, who was born 
in Portsmouth, Ohio, in 1825, and they became the parents of five children, 
of whom but two are now living, namely: Henry, a resident of AVest Lafay- 


ette; and Seth, of this review. Tli,' iUDther died iu lUIIO, while the fatlier 
survived her for a few years:, hi- death necurring in 1904. 

Seth Shaw received a eoniiiiiiu-.-clioul education and Ijegan \n< career 
as an independent farmer at the early age of eighteen years. The tinst land 
which he purchased consisted of one hundred and sixteen acres in Lafayette 
township, which is now the property of hi.-: .«nn Loc. Through o^ocA man- 
agement, and aided by a fertile, prddudivr .-nil. he derived Huli^taiitial heii- 
efits from his farming operations and gradually inerea-ed hi.- hcilding- of 
farm land and enlarged his income in iiroimrtion. Through inve.^tineiil and 
by inheritance he came into posses.-iiiu nf city residence property for rental 
puiposes and later embarked in mercantile pursuits. Sound judgment and 
keen business ability has characterized his various undertakings, so that he 
rates high in the mercantile agencies, and his connection with an enterprise 
stamps it as being of a stable, substantial nature. In additidu to jii.- home 
place, which consists of one hundred and twenty-one acres adjoining West 
Lafayette on the north, eleven acres of which lie within the corporation limits, 
ilr. Shaw also owns a farm of two hundred and forty acres in Oxford town- 
ship and thirteen houses and lots in Coshocton, including the L^nion Hotel 
on Main street, a building containing nineteen rooms. He is now complet- 
ing one of the handsomest homes in West Lafayette. It is being liuilt of 
cement blocks, and covered with cement shingles, a comparatively ni'w in- 
novation, in the construction of which Mr. Shaw is demonst rating hi- faith 
in one of his business ventures, which consists of a plant for the manufac- 
ture of cement building blocks and cement shingles. He also owns ten 
thousand dollars worth of stock in the West Lafayette Manufacturing Com- 
pany, which is engaged in the manufacture of enamel;Ml ware, of which he 
was one of the organizers. He has always maintained lii.-^ home in ^Vest 
Ijafayette, and regardles.* of his interests in other vent\n-es has ever adhered 
to agricultural pursuits. 

On the Ifith of .Vugnst. LSTl, Mr. Shaw was united in marriage to Miss 
Nancy A. Hall, who was born near Parkerslmrg, Virginia, October 5, 18r)2. 
the daughter of John H. and Judith (Ingraham) Hall. Both of her parent- 
Mere natives of A^irginia, where the father was born in 1821, and the mother 
five years later. They left their native state and located in Coshocton county, 
where they spent the remainder of their lives. The mother died iu 1889, 
while the father suiwived her for five years, passing away in JS'.tl at the age 
of seventy-three years. They were the pai*ents of ten duldren. of whom 
two are dead. Those surviving are: Elihu, a resident of Kansas; Nancy A., 
tlie wife of our subject; Victoria, the wife of A. C. Dark, who lives in Okla- 
homa; John H., who lives in Union county. Ohio; W. B, and Arthur L., 
both of whom reside iu Lafayette township: Sarah J., the wife of John 
Betham, of North Judson, Indiana; and A. :\L. who resides in West Lafayette. 

Unto Mr. and Mi-s. Shaw have been born nine children, six sons and 
tin-ee daughters, namely: Lucian, who was graduated from the Ohio State 
University as civil engineer in 1904, married Miss Nellie Beyers and resides 
in West Lafayette. Henrietta is the wife of Howard Lennon, superintend- 
ent of the county infirmai-y of Coshocton countv. Lee 0. is a resident of 


LafavL'ttf tuwuship. J. li. is a graduate of the Oliiu State University, clas.i 
of 19()S, where he completed the course as cyramical engineer and is now 
foreman in an enamel plant. He married Mis^ Maria Wild and now resides 
an Boston, Massachusetts. Isaac H. is also a graduate of the Ohio State Uni- 
versity, where he completed the course as doctor of veterinary medicine in 
the class of 1907. He married Miss Carrie Burri.-^ and his home is in Sioux 
City, Iowa. Francis E. and Clement are at home with their parents. An- 
toinette and Newton are dacea.sed. 

Mr. Shaw gives his political allegiance to the democracy and has served 
as township asses.-;or for twn lcnll^. Txitli lie and his estimable wife are faith- 
ful and consistent members of the IMetlmdist Episcopal church, to which 
they give their loyal support. 


John Quincy Adams is a partner in the Coshocton Lumber Company, 
a successful commercial enterjDrise of the city. He was born in Keene 
township, this county, his parents being E. W. and Olivia (Gleason) Adams, 
now residents of Coshocton. His father was reared a farmer but later be- 
came interested in the lumber business as a member of the firm of Adams & 
Gleason at Roscoe and is now a director of the People's Banking & Trust 
Company and is connected with other business enterprises of Coshocton. 

In the public schools of Keene and also in the Keene select school .John 
Q. Adams jmrsued his education to the age of twelve years, when he re- 
moved with his parents to Coshocton and later became a high-school student, 
completing the course by graduation with the class of 1891. He spent two 
years in acquiring a more specifically literary education in the Ohio Wesleyan 
College at Delaware and then made his initial step in the business world 
at Pitt.sburg, Pennsylvania, as an employe of a house dealing in builders' 
supplies, it being his intention to thoroughly acquaint himself with the busi- 
ness in every particular. He spent four years there and his close application 
and energy won him successive promotions until he finally became assistant 
manager of the wholesale builders' supply yard. Thus with thorough under- 
standing of the trade he returned to Coshocton in 1901 and with his two 
brothers organized the Coshocton Lumber Comjiany. This concern is the 
largest of the kind in the city, handling a full line of builders' supplies, in- 
cluding lumber. They have complete facilities for carrying on the business 
and their trade has enjoyed a remai'kable growth. The}' d«al exclusively 
in lumlier and building material-, and liave a large storage capacity, insur- 
ing ahva>-.- a lartic supply mi liiiiid to jiroioptly fill all orders of whatever 
magnitude. Tin- ollice and yards are Ideated alongside of the Wheeling 
& Laice Erie tracks, where tlicy are .-iire (if (juii-k shipping services. They 
make a specially of large orders and are always prepared to offer an induce- 
ment tn hiiiilii r huyers in general. The benefit of a large and complete stock 
of all ela<.-es of building material, together with prompt delivery, gives 

lent ( 

iHlllii I" 



Tlii^ IV 



■Ii.mI nwil 

iil: to 





reliable sei-viee in every detail. Tlii- liii-iii(<- trim ih- v. i-y ((iiiiiiic'iice- 

ment attra.cted general attention and faxnraMe 

charaeter and the very .superior (juality nf the iiiat( 

ti(in ha.< not nulv l.eeii -u.-tained Imt ha- heeoiiie lii 

the .threat volnnie (if liu<iiie,-.- done each year. Thi.< tr 

by the fact that today it rank.-^ a-^ one of the large.^t lumlier eiiin|iaiiie- in 

the eastern part of Ohio in any city the size of Coshoctmi. Their metlidds 

of doing business are .<nch as tn win the confidence of the must ,-l<e]i|ic:d and 

the proprietors are all yomig men nf rare Imsiness aliility and tlie lii^he.-t 

standing and integrity. 

Tn his political attiliations John (^ Adams is a republican, strung in 
support of the jiarty. He has attained the Knight Templar degree in Ma- 
sonry, belongs to the Elks lodge, and is a member of the Beta Theta Pi. 
His thorough preparation for a business career proved an excellent foundation 
upon which to build his success, and along legitimate lines and through 
successive .stages of development he ha- Imilt up an enterprise which i> now 
a leading commercial concern of the city. 


The Gault family has_ been represented in Co.«hocton county from the 
jieriod of iti= earliest pioneer history, being established here in 1815 by Adam 
and Margaret Gault. the paternal grandparents of our subject. They came 
from Mercer county. Pennsylvania, and Incated in Pike township. 

.Tohn Gault. the .subject of this review, is a worthy representative of thi,< 
pioneer family, born in Pike tiMvn.-hip, a sun nf .\dam and Sarali (Miller) 
Gault. He was reared under the parental rnnf and upnn -larlim; nul in life 
on his own account chose as his uetaipatidn farnnng, which he is nnw t'arry- 
ing on extensively on a tract nf land nf three hundred and <i.\teen acres sit- 
uated in Pike tnwn.-hiii. Hi.- faiaii i.- well improved with gnnd and substan- 
tial barns and (lutbuildings, and everything about the place is kept in a neat 
and thrifty a]i]iearance indicating the progressive methods of the owner. In 
addition to raising the \arinus cereals licst adapted to soil and climate he also 
raises stock and bnth branche- nf his busine.-s are prnving a ]irolitalilc source 
(if revenue to him. 

:\Ir. (iault e-talilished a Imnie nf his nwn liy hi- marriage, nn the -I'^d of 
June. ISCiT. to Mi,-. Sn.-an White, a dau-hter nf P.-ui- and Sarah (Xnrri-) 
White. Then- union ha- been lile.-ed with three children, a daughter and two 
-nns: Sarah Isabelle. Hail F. and Tildeii A. The snns a-sist the father in carry- 
ing on tlie homestead ]irn]ierty. 

:\Ir. (n-inlf.- -tndy nf th.' pnlitieal (pic-tions and issues nf the day has 
led him tn yive .-talwart support tn the men and measures of the demncratic 
]iarty. and he has been called by his fellow townsmen to fill puljlic otfices. 
having served as treasurer of the township for several years, as trustee of the 
town.ship and also as a member of the school board. His religious faith is 


indicated by his luembership in the Presbyterian church. ]\lr. Gault is an 
advocate of every movement that is calculated to benefit the community, 
either educationally, morally or socially, and as a representative of one of 
the oldest and most prominent pioneer families of Coshocton county he stands 
high in the esteem of all whom he comes in contact. 


Investigation into the life record of John Cuthbert Milligan shows that 
he is lacking in none of those essential qualities which make the good citi- 
zen, the liberal business man and the faithful friend. He has been promi- 
nent in agricultural and commercial circles, has demonstrated his loyalty to 
his country on the field of battle, and in every relation of life has measured 
up to the full standard of honorable manhood. He is now living retired in 
the enjoj'ment of well earned rest and the most envious cannot grudge him 
his success, so honorably has it been won, and so worthily used. 

Mr. Milligan is a native of Coshocton county, his birth having occurred 
in Keene township, September 4, 1837. His paternal grandfather, a native 
of Ireland, was the founder of the family in the new world, settling in Vir- 
ginia. His father, Cuthbert Milligan, was a native of Hardy county, Vir- 
ginia, and came to Coshocton county in 1815, casting in his lot with the 
pioneer settlers who were reclaiming this region and converting it from a 
frontier district into the homes of a contented, happy and prosperous people. 
He bore his full share in the work of development and for many years was 
closely associated with its agricultural interests, meeting with gratifying suc- 
cess in his undertakings. He started from Virginia with a horse and fifty 
dollars, and with such, meager pos.sessions began life in Ohio, but as the 
years passed, his untiring energy and determination overcame all obstacles 
and he steadily worked his way upward. At the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1883, he was the owner of over nine hundred acres of good farm 
land. At the time of the war of 1812 he enlisted, but was never called to 
active service. He marriexi Dorothy Reed, also a native of Hardy county, 
Virginia. The Reeds were of English lineage and settled in the Old Domin- 
ion at an early epoch in its history. The fighting blood has always pre- 
vailed in this family and when the country's safety has been imperiled 
members of the family have valiantly fought for the interests of this land. 
Anthony Reed, the grandfather of John C. Milligan, and also a native of 
Virginia, was a participant in the Revolutionary war, taking part in a num- 
ber of hotly contested battles. His brother, Joseph Reed, served on Wash- 
ington's staff, and was a prominent figure in those times. Loyal and pat- 
riotic, he reiidi'red \aluable aid to the fatlier of his country in the efforts to 
free America from the yoke of British tyranny. The British offered him 
fifty thousand jiounds if he would serve England and his reply was "I am not 
worth the purchasing; but such as I am, the king of Great Britain is not able 


to buy me." He wa^ also offered the best colonial office in the gift of the 
king. Dorothy Reed was reared in the county of her nativity and in early 
womanhood gave her hand in marriage to Cuthbert Milligan, with whom 
.she came to Ohio. They lived to see this region transformed from the fron- 
tier district into one of the most progre.-sive counties of the commonwealth, 
retaining their residence in Coshocton county until called tn their final rest. 
The death of ^Irs. ^lilligan occurred in ISST. 

There were still many evidences of pioneer life to be seen in this dis- 
trict during the boyhood days of John C. Milligan, who was reared on tlic 
home farm in Keene township and pursued his education in the district 
schools near his father's home. He continued his studies during the winter 
months to the age of twenty years. His father then gave him a part of the 
old homestead and he successfully cultivated this, carrying on general agri- 
cultural pursuits until 1890. In the meantime he added largely to his 
original tract and became known as one of the leading farmers of the com- 
nnniity, for his fields were always highly cultivated and on his farm were 
found the most modern improvements. In 1890 Mr. Milligan moved to Co- 
shocton and establi-shed an implement business, which soon became a lead- 
ing concern of the kind in the county. He bought for, sought only to 
secure a fair profit on his investment and at all times employed the most 
straightforward business methods. No word was ever uttered against his 
busine.-s integrity and the farming community had the most absolute con- 
fidence in him. Thus his sales steadily increased until in 1907. when he 
sold out to the Gray Hardware Company. He then established his jircscnt 
business with a view of his son in making a -tart in thr ciniuncr- 
cial world, and the latter is now at the head of a prn-iM'nm.- and (■iin>tantly 
growing enterprise. 

The only interruption to Mr. Milligan's business career came in his en- 
listment as a soldier of the Civil war. Hardly had the smoke from Fort 
Sumter's guns cleared away when, on the 17th of .Vpril. in response to the 
first call, he enlisted as a member of Company D. Sixteenth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry. He participated in the battles of Phillippi and Carricks Ford, 
and on the expiration of his first term was honorably discharged in August, 
1861. Three years later he reenlisted in the Nineteenth Ohio and went 
with Sherman on his march to the sea and throughout the Atlanta cam- 
paign. He participated in many other important battli.'-, which cnntriljuted 
to the victory that finally crowned the Union arms, and on the 10th of 
■lune, 1865, was honorably discharged. Always loyal to his country and 
displaying a most patriotic spirit, he offered to enlist in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war. He has been equally faithful to the welfare of the community 
in his service in local offices. He has filled a number of township posi- 
tions and for twenty-one years was justice of the peace in Keene township, 
where his decisions, always fair and impartial, "won him golden opinions 
from all sorts of iseople." He was for twenty-one years a member of the board 
of education in Keene and the public-school system has ever found in him 
a stalwart champion. He has voted with the republican party since its 


organization and for twenty year.-; was eentral committeeman of Keene 

On tlie 7th of October. ISC-J. Mr. Millioan wa.-; married to :\Ii*s Eliza- 
beth McCollough. a native nf .lack-^on town.xliip, tliis eduiity. wlm died 
November 29, 1879. Their cluhhvn were as follow,^: Alice K.. who was 
born in 1883, and is active a- her father"? housekeeper; Flora Elizabeth, 
who was born June 10, 18(>."i. ami i- the wife of Charles Hoagland, a resi- 
dent of Keene: Mary Laura, wlm wa- born in 1867, and is now engaged in 
business in Seattle, Washington : Charles Alexander, who was l^orn in 1869, 
and is now in the plumbing Ijusine.'^-^; James Edward, who was born in 
1871, and is living in Blissfield. Ohio; Sarah Jane, who was born in 1S73, 
and died in 1905; William .Cuthbert, who was born in 1878, and is now in 
Columbus. Ohio; and John Howard, who was born in 1879, and died in 
infancy. 'I'be ln-s of Mr. Milligan's wife has always been a source of great 
sorrow to him. as he was devotedly attached to her. Theirs Avas largely 
an ideal marriage relation and their mutual love and confidence increased 
as the years passed by. 

Mr. Milligan has been a consistent member of the ^lethodist Protestairt 
church for fifty-two years; has taken an active interest in its work and has 
filled all of it« official positions. He is likewise a valued member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic and his life has been an open book. He at- 
tributes his success to the fact that he has always endeavored to follo\-- the 
Golden Rule. He has ever been a worker, never fearing that laborious 
attention to detail that is so nece.ssary in the acquirement of success, but 
while he has made steady progress along the lines of affluence he has never 
been neglectful of his duty towards his fellowmen nor to his country and 
he enjoys to the fullest extent the confidence and good will of all with whom 
he has come in contact. 


Honorable in business, loyal in citizenship, charitable in thought, 
kindly in action, true to every trust reposed in him, the life of Stephen F. 
Balo was the highest type of Christian manhood and thus his death, which 
occurred April 9, 1907. was the occasioti of deep sorrow to his many friends. 
Pie was born in Canton Berne. Switzerland, May 7, 1835, a ,*on of Francis 
and Elizabeth (Strom) ]-5al<i. who in 1853 emigrated to the United States. 
Landing in New York the family made their way to Cleveland, whence 
they journeyed by canal boat to Adams Mills and this has been the home 
of the Balos to the present time. When the family arrived here they were 
in very limited financial circumstances and were strangers in a new coun- 
try, without friends and unable to speak the English language. They, 
therefore, endured many hard.ships and privations in establishing a home. 
The father and two of the sons, however, secured employment in the con- 
struction of tlie Pennsvlvania Railroad, for which thev never received their 


pay. Soon after arriving here sicknes.- overtook them, all of the family, 
with the exception of the tavo youngest members, having the ague, which 
■«vas prevalent at that time. One of the children died from the sickness and 
o\\'ing to this unfortunate circumstance the little money which they had 
saved was soon exhausted and they were reduced to abject want and were 
obliged to call upon the county for a.^'^istance. which soon supplied them 
with the necessities of life. 

After regaining his health, Stephen Balo secured employment with a 
fai'mer in the neighborhood, with whom he worked until the time of the 
Civil war when, feeling that his first duty was to his country, he enlisted in 
-Vugust, 1862, as a memlier of Company H, Ninety-seventli Ohio A'olunteer 
Infantry. He served under Sherman and Hooker and was mu.stered out 
•Tune, 18(35, at Columbus, Ohio. 

Following his return from the war ho engaged in farming with his 
father and later farmed on his own account, owning a well improved tract 
in Virginia township, where he carried on general agricultural pursuits 
and stock-raising. Deprived in hi.* youth of many of the necessities and 
advantages of life, as the years passed and he prospered in his undertak- 
ings, he availed himself of all the comforts and conveniences of life and 
occupied one of the finest and most modern country homes in this section 
of the state. 

Soon after returning from the war, Mr. Balo established a home of his 
own by his marriage, November 9, 1865, to Miss Martha J. Bird, a daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Martha (Pepper) Bird. Their union was blessed with 
six children: Laura, the wife of Abe Ridgeway; Elizabeth E., the wife of 
Hamilton S. Scott; Jerre F. ; James H. ; Mary A.; Rhoda B., now the wife 
of George F. Bainter, a practicing physician of Strasburg, Ohio. 

Mr. Balo gave his political support to the men and measures of the 
democratic party, while his religious faith was indicated by his membership 
in the Presbyterian church at Adams Mills. ]Mr. Balo was a remarkable 
man in many respects. In him were embodied the virtues of the early 
pioneers — the steadfast puipose, rugged integrity and religious zeal — 
virtues to which the splendid civilization of America is indebted for its 
wonderful development and its glorious progress. 


"William Graham, who is extensively engaged in agricultural and hor- 
ticultural pursuits and stock-raising, is numbered among the enterprising 
citizens of Coshocton county. He was born in this county, October 6, 1862, 
a son of James and Matilda (Bryan) Graham. The paternal grandparents 
emigrated from England to America in 1812 and was en route at the time 
war was declared between Great Britain and the United State.s. The vassel 
on which they were passengers was seized by a British man-of-war and 
taken to a port in Nova Scotia where the pas.sengers were detained as prison- 


ei'fi. The grandfather was a stonemason by trade and worked on govern- 
ment buildings during the time he was held as a prisoner and it was at thi^ 
time that James, the father of our subject, was born, the year of his birth 
being 1814. After jaeace was declared between the United States and Great 
Britain the family was released and came direct to Pike township, Coshoc- 
ton county, the j^ear of their arrival here being 1816. Here the grand- 
father entered three hundred acres of land from the government and soon 
began clearing the forests and establishing a home for himself and family. 
In the maternal line our subject comes of Irish descent, his maternal grand- 
father, James Bryan, and his brother Silas being natives of Muskingum 
county, to which place their parents had removed upon their emigration 
from the Emerald isle. James spent his remaining days in Muskingum 
county, but Silas removed to Illinois. He was the grandfather of; William 
Jennings Bryan, the noted statesman and presidential candidate in 1908, 
so that the latter is a distant relative of Mr. Graham of this review. 

William Graham was reared on his father's farm a.ssisting in the 
work of cultivating the fields during the spring and summer months, while 
in the winter seasons he pursued his studies in the district schools. He has 
always followed the occupation to which he was reared and now in addition 
raises fruit on an extensive scale and is also engaged in stock-raising. He 
now operates a farm of one hundred and six acres in W^ashington township 
and ninety acres in Musking-um county, his tracts of land being among 
the most valuable and best improved in this section of the state. 

Mr. Graham was married in April, 1886, to Miss Margaret Leniert, a 
daughter of John C. and Mary (Mull) Lemert. Two sons and one daughter 
have blessed this union: Frank C, John L. and Mary E. Mr. Graham 
gives his political support to the men and measures of democracy and is a 
public-spirited citizen, always ready and willing to contribute his share in 
every public movement calculated to better the conditions of the com- 
munity in which he lives. He has sei-ved as a member of the county in- 
firmary board for three years and is also a member of the district school 
board. He is also a notary public, the only man in the township officiating 
in that capacity. He is a Knight of Pythias and in religious faith is a 
Presbyterian. He and his family occupy an attractive home, wherein 
reigns culture and refinement, and its hospitality is enjoyed by a host of 
warm friends. 


Henry Harrison Hagelbarger is a prosperous farmer of Tiverton town- 
ship, owning one hundred and sixty-seven acres of valuable land here. He 
is a native son of the township, born June 24, 1861, of the marriage of 
Jacob and Eliphal (Humphrey) Hagelbarger. The father was born in the 
state of New York, March 21, 1835, and came with his parents to Co- 
shocton countv. the familv home being established in Jefferson township. 



He grew up on the home farm, subsequent to which time he removed to 
Tiverton township and with the exception of two years spent in Cerro Gordo 
county, Iowa, has spent his time in Coshocton county. He still survives 
;md makes his home a few miles south of Tiverton. The mother was born 
in the Buckeye state and was married in Coshocton county. She became the 
mother of three children: Catherine Elizabeth, now the wife of I. L. Ghin, 
of Geneva, Nebraska; Henry H., of thi^ review; and one who died in in- 
fancy. The mother also passed to her final reward about this time and Ixith 
lie buried in Cerro Gordo county, Iowa. 

Henry H. Hagelbarger was but two years old at the time of his mother's 
demise. He was then carefuUj' reared by the father and was educated in 
the di.-trict .~chools of Tiverton township. He remained at home until he 
had reached the age of twenty-two years and has made farming his life 
work. He now owns one hundred and sixty-seven acres of land in Tiverton 
township, this constituting one of the best tracts in this section of Coshocton 
count}'. Six years ago he built a fine modern residence, supplied with every 
convenience and accessory for the comfort of the inmates, has good barns 
and outbuildings, and everything about his place is kept in a neat and thrifty 
condition. He carries on general farming and is interested in the Horse 
Breeders" Association, owning a third interest in the French draft horse, 
Tongours. He is also a stockholder in the Bell Telephone Company. 

Mr. Hagelbarger was married January 1, 1888, to Miss Dora Winslow, 
a daughter of David and Sarah (Spurgeon) Winslow. The Winslow ancestry 
can be traced back to the time of the Mayflower and members of the name 
were heroes in the war of the Revolution. The ])aternal grandfather came to 
Ohio from ^Massachusetts, covering the entire distance on foot. He located 
the farm in Tiverton township on which uur -ubject now resides. This region 
was then a dense wilderne,s.3 and the grandfather in due coui'se of time de- 
veloped a good farm property. He built a log house, which at that time 
was consdiered the best house in Tiverton township an