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Full text of "The centennial history of Oregon, 1811-1912"

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THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY 

OF 

OREGON 



1S11-1«>1_' 



ILLUSTRATFD 



VOLUME 



CHICAGO 

THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMF'ANY 
1912 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



**TON, LINOV lua 
TlLDKH FOUh 




D. P. TIIOilPSON 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



DAVID P. THOMPSON. Tlie estimate —a line const rut. 

ot tile individual is basrd u|i<>M his improve- WilliiniPttc. II' 

inent of opportunity, his utiliuition of nat- lioH.'vrr, ami lu- 

unil tah-nts and liis fullillnicnt of his obliga- work soon won r>- 



r 



lions. In c^ery phaso of his lift- mi-asuring pointed Tnited ^i»t. •„ 

up to the highest standards in those par- -ur\ey the put)!i 

tiiulars. David P. Thompson leaves to the Dn-pmand Wii- 

state of Oregon as a i)riceless heritage the Isi",.!. Thi» hi 

memory of a purposeful, resultant and lion- lands and of o|| 

orahio life that through years to lonie shoulil the needs i.i' im. 

serve as a source of example, enoniragement louhl snv. 

and inspiration to the citizens of Oregon. value of »hi 

He came to the state in 1833, when a youth settlement ut the .laii- 

of nineteen years. hohlings made him n •>"•■< ■ 

He was horn in Cadiz. Ohio, Xovenilier 8. the periinl «< t' 

1S34, and in the paternal line was of Irish loniing lirst lien 

extraction, while in the maternal line he was in the First Or 

of Scotch descent. The family home stooil was conneoteil : 

directly below the Harrison county intirmary, siTvices. under i 

lieyoml which to the west he could see the to the govern'^ 

apex of a hill. He frequently said in later res|H-ctivrly hut 

years that when he reached the summit of account of the r\iH-fi 

that hill he almost thought he had reached way of the Isthmus 

the confines of the world. But to him as to loyal and ilevolnl m'l 

all others the horizon broadened as he ad- of the l!epublic ami 

vanced ami he came to know that then' was l)i'">rntion I)njr num-luni; ui t.i.- rini^t 

a great universe beyond Cadiz. His father \'t.riin«. 

ownc<l anil r)peratod a mill, around which he (ine of It- .1 .1.1. 1. .t.ir... ,,. il.^ 

played in his boyhood. He was reared in a Mr. Thoni 

t'hristian home and with his parents atteiideil which he ' 

the Associate Reform church of Cadiz. The the opixirl 

lessons which were impressed upon his niin<l toward Ih' 

in his youth concerning those things whi'-h lsf,r, he Im 

are honorable and of good repute were nevi'r WiHilen M 

forgotten. His kni>wledge of blacksmithing \' ' 

was obtained at the forge of Elijah l.i/.ure. 

under whom he served an apprenticeship, lie 

was afterward engaged for some time in rail 

road surveying with Oeneral lilickensdoririT 1 

and in the knowledge and practical experience .ilorts m 

that he was acquiring he laid the foundation ,.>n«titul< 1 

for his success and usefulness in later life. ment ami 

.Mr. Thompson came to Oregon in 1S.'».1. em- Mr was »i 

ployed bv Colonel K. It. Thompson, who re n 

moved to this state in Ix-tO. to drive sheep 

and thus following the tlock, David P. Thomp 

son walked all the way over the and plains 

anil unsettled prairies and across the moun I 

tains to the northwest. He worked at what- nnne 

.'ver he could ttml to do. His knowledge of for i' 

blacksmithing proved of priceless value to 

him after reaching Oregon. He was promi 

nent in building the first railroad in the stale pi.-, . . "i i.oi 'iit ^,<i,n^'f,-s 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



and was looked upon as a remarkable feat. 
He had unusual ability for managing large 
bodies of men and tlie loyalty of his em- 
ployes was ever a pride and pleasure to him. 
Extending his operations to the field of bank- 
ing, he at one time was president or director 
in seventeen national banks in this section 
of the country but in 1891 retired from the 
banking business. While his business inter- 
ests mainly centered in Oregon, he had also 
large interests in the state of Washington. 

Business interests, hoAvever, never precluded 
his active participation in public affairs nor 
his substantial aid in any project which he 
deemed of value to the city or state. His 
worth as a citizen and his marked ability led 
to his selection for many public offices. In 
1866 he was chosen to represent tlie twi>lfth 
district in tlie state senate and occupied a 
seat in the upper house until 1872. In ISTS 
lie served in tlie lower house of the Oregon' 
legislature and again in 1882 and 1889, and 
in 1878 was the republican candidate for 
speaker. President Grant appointed him 
governor of the territory of Idaho and he 
served as its chief executive until 1876, when 
lie removed to Portland. He was twice mayor 
of this city and his administration was char- 
acterized by needed reforms and improve- 
ments and by the substantial u])buildiiig of 
municipal interests. In 18S4 he was made a 
presidential elector on the republican ticket 
and was a delegate to the republic;in national 
■convention which nominated President Hayes 
and a. member of the committee tliat officially 
notified him of tlie nomination. In 1890 he 
was made the republican nominee for gover- 
nor (if Oregon but was defeated b.y a coali- 
tion of tlie democratic, populist and proliibi- 
tion parties, [n ]S92 President Harrison ap- 
pointed liini niinister plenipotentiary and en- 
voy extraordinary to Turkey, which position 
he resigned in 1893. Throughout the period 
in which he was recognized as one of the 
repulilican leaders of Oregon he stood for 
higli ideals, desiring ever that the republican 
party should be essentially a party of prin- 
ciple, that it should not exist primarily to 
make particular individuals presidents or 
governors or senators but tliat it should exist 
to make vital certain principles essential to 
iiatii>nal salvation. He lielieved that it should 
fulfill the highest definition of a political or- 
ganization — that is. a large group of men 
woiking unselfishly for a great common 
■cause. His position was never an equivocal 
one and he never hesitated to sacrifice per- 
sonal interests and ambitions for the public 
jfood. He was long an inilucntial and leading 
director of the Portland schools and in con- 
nection with the furtherance of the cause of 
education in Oregon has been greatly missed 
siiii'e death claimed him. He made generous 
donations and gave prizes to help the schools, 
filled tile position of recent of the University 
(if Oregon and took a deep interest in its 
pros]icrity. His capacity to control and man- 
age s'lcccssfully a vast number of widely dif- 
fering enterprises and attend to the details 
personally was wonderful. One of his chief 
characteristics wag his love for animals. 
This was not only evidenced by constant 



financial aid and moral support of the Ore- 
gon Humane Society, of which he was presi- 
dent, but in a gift to this city of a handsome 
drinking fountain situated between two of 
tlie most prominent public squares. 

In 1861 Mr. Thompson was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary R. Meldrum. a daughter 
of John and Susan D. Meldrum. Oregon pi- 
oneers of 1845. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson be- 
came the parents of a son, Ralph, now living 
in the state of Washington, and two daugh- 
ters: Bessie M.. who is the wife of Joseph 
K. Teal, a distinguished and successful law- 
yer of Portland: and Oenevieve, whose home 
is with her mother in Portland. 

ilr. Thompson was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, being the first man ini- 
tiated into Harrison Lodge, No. 218, F. & A. 
M., at Cadiz. Ohio. He was then but nine- 
teen years of age. He remained loyal to the 
beneficent principles and fraternal' spirit of 
the order throughout his entire life and was 
equally faithful to his membership in the 
Unitarian church. 

In May, 1901, Mr. Thompson left home 
for a trip around the world, but had pro- 
ceeded eastward only as far as Iowa when he 
became ill and was obliged to return home. 
He ne\cr fully recovered and passed away on 
the 14th of December. 1901. The press of 
the entire countrj' commented upon his death 
in terms of commendation and of respect. 
Said one of the journals of Walla Walla. 
Wiishington: "The Walla Walla friends of 
the late D. P. Thompson of Portland are pro- 
foundly grieved to learn of his death. 51r. 
Thompson w-as for years during his lifetime 
connected with the financial institutions of 
Walla Walla and had always taken a lively 
interest in the progress of the Garden city. 
He was a man highlj- respected by everyone 
wlio knew him. He acquired wealth and in- 
Huence in both public and private life by 
reason of his close application to work and 
his constant effort to progress in all walks of 
life. He came to the Pacific coast a pioneer 
and by his own indomitable will and courage, 
in the face of obstacles, made his mark 
among his fellowmen." 

Jlr. Thompson was a most generous man. 
His benevolence fostered many good works 
and his helpful aid tided many an institu- 
tion and individual over a critical period. 
The Oregonian said of him: "Occasionally a 
man carves out a fortune by dint of toil and 
the exercise of foresight and then proceeds 
to make his fellowmen the better for his hav- 
ing lived and grown rich. David P. Thomp- 
son was of this class. His life is to be cited 
as an example of the possibilities of human 
nature untarnished by the corrupting influ- 
ence of gold. His was a career that spurs 
on young men to strive for tlie better part. 
D. P. Tlioinpson stood for higher education. 
His influence went for the upbuilding of all 
institutions tliat make f(u- mind improve- 
ment. He was distinctively a friend of the 
younger generation who aspire to climb the 
ladder of intellectual achievement. Oregon 
owes him a debt of gracious memory for what 
he did for the schools of the state. And in 
what other sphere does not the same apply? 



THK CKNTEXMAL lIISToKY uK ()|{Fj;oN 

III' ^^tood fur tin- iiilcifst* oi" tlie cuniiiion a|i|>rai-u-il ut it* tr 

luuii as a<.'ainst the too often oppreit^^ioii of will )i« nlilp to Irvi 

the more powt-rfiil. His ]H>litii'al c-jireor \vn« of their lutxir- 

illiistrativf of the truth now too irei|iientlr -tiluti'iii-. «i ■ 

^coiitid. that a man mav eiij!ai:e in the per- uf hij- ■ — ' 

formance of c-ivic duties withmit tarnishin); to ir 

a good name. Xo breath of suspieion ever ill»>'^ 

attaehed to him throuKh a long and eventful crossed ll- 

life. 1). P. Thompson stood for industrial iii); for h 

development, and he possessetl in a remark- hands for 

aide defiree the foresij;lit that enables men him of er 

to see into the future and plan |>ermanently -e-sed not miun ..i 

for what will be the eomiii;.' neeils. He was honors lint of ex i 

humane. The humanity of his nature im- iintn eiirii-hed '■' ' 

pressed anyone meetinj; him easually. shining and travel, b\ 

out of benevolent eyes and manifeHting itself mingling v»ii'. 

in acts of eharity and evidenees of good-will breedint;. ■ 

for all." -tarttsi w 

.\ fitting triliiite to liis memory was ex- everything tli.i 

pressed in an editorial of the Oregonian. giv- he won it all 

ing a just estinnite of the eharaeter of one It is well •' 

who had been a resident of I'ortland ami alsn hav. 

whose life was as an open ImkiI; that all •.ell-madi 

might read. The editorial said: "David P. in money iiml 

Thompson was a faithful type of the men and ehurehes. 

whose rugged virtues and indomitable foree beauty from alt orrr 

of character are indispensable in the molding artistic adornment of Iv 

of wildernesses into states. They take no It seemed ulnmst ■■< 

aciount of hardships, stop at no obstacles. miserate those init 

so that the goal which niea^ureless u-eful the ■ 

ambition has set before them may be achievwi. usei' 

The dauntless p\irpose that sends them out and !•-■ 

into the front line of civilization's advancing When a man ' 
wave becomes, in the new environment a i|iiired of him 
transMuiter of energy into every needed form toil lien iM-hind him in - 
of expression. The iron will adapts itself peaceful takiif.- off 7« In- 
to every circuni-tance and conipiers every western p 
didiculty. Out of its inexhaustible reservoir f^r jirefei 
of determination it passes at will into ver ,,n in In' 
satility in whatever direction need is foiin.l. ,,„iy tliei- 
In the" tamer days of more. settled community their • ■ 
life every man "must stick to his last. No Mr. , 
one thinks of leaving the beaten path of his niaiil 
chosen calling, for thus he would enter upon i,e is goii. 
an unknown sea. dark with vague terrors. ndopted 
But no such timidity or circuin«|M-ction helped t- 
hedges in the man of Mr. Thompson's char ,„„rc \-< 
acter and times*. He threw him-^elf into e»ery „,„r. 
openini; industry oirered or civic duty re- i„\^, 
i|uired. It was "nut for him to take council p,,t,i 
of capacitv or temperament but to appre- .\. 
hend what' needed doing and force his jiowerK ijfp 
to its accomplishment. Thus he liecame sue- j„jj , 
cessivelv, as occa-ioii reipiired, w riodi-hopp<T, |,„, , 
black-niilh. surveyor, railroad builder, volun- „„ „ hi«h lull 
teer -oldier, manufacturer, educator, state*- ,„ „,.)( , „ 
man. banker, philanthropist. Most tlistinctive 
and necessary in all tliis was the work of 
his earlier years in assi-ting at the e«t»b ^j, 
lishment and formation of the Oregon coun- „•( , 
try. Anv man can make money and most j^^ 
men can save some of it. .\ny man of gen „,; 
irons impulses and broad views can (jive j,,,, , 
nionev away to worthy objects. So. while j^^^ 
.Mr. 'I"liomps"on's conlribiilioiis to charity ond ^^_ 
iliphimacv were r-al an.l .reditablc. hi- siffn.Tl 
service w'as in the vigor he lent to the pion. ■ r 
era. in making thi« region liabit.i' ' ■ ' "" • 
ing its resources to light and in 
intensely practical ideas U|sin tli. 

«vstem of the state. Such careers arr too -U' 
near us now for their signitican.e to tf lh< 



8 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



old warrior's doubt and possible drearl as to 
the outcome. It is a masterful work of 
art and is said to be one of the most artistic 
ami beautiful bronze p-roups in America. 

HON. HENRY W. CORBETT. Born on tlio 
.Atlantic coast. Henry W. Corliett came to the 
Pacific seaboard in early manhood and from 
that time aided in shapinj; and formnlatino- 
the policy of the ijreat western country, leav- 
ing the impress of his individuality upon its 
material development, its political advance- 
ment and less directly, but none the less 
effectively. U])on its intellectual and moral 
profTi-ess. ITis natal day was Fchniarv tS. 
1S2T. and the place of his nativity Westboro, 
Massachusetts. Tie traced his ancestry bacl< 
to Rog^er Corbett. a military chieftain who 
won fame and name b.y service under William 
the Conqueror. Roger Corbett's eldest son. 
William Corbett. was the owner of a country 
seal at Wattesborough. England, while the 
second son. Sir Roger Corbett, had for bis 
inheritance the castle and estate of Cans. 
He was the father of Robert Corbett. Sr.. 
who participated in the siege of Acre under 
Richard I. bearing for liis arms in the cam- 
paign two ravens, which have since been tised 
by the family for a crest. A branch of the 
family was planted upon New England soil 
in early colonial days when a settlement was 
made at Milfovd. Massachusetts. Elijah Cor- 
bett. son of Elijah Corbett. Sr.. and a native 
of Massachusetts, engaged in the manufacture 
of edged tools in tliat state and afterward at 
White Creek. Washington county. New York, 
where his death occurred. His wife, ^relinila 
Forbush. was also a native of Massacbusett-! 
and a representative of one of the pioneer 
families of that state, whose history is also 
traced back to England. Her death occurred 
in New York. There were eight children in 
the family, of whom three sons and two 
daughters attained adult age. incliuling Elijah 
Corbett. Avho came to Portland in 1>!(>4 and 
renuTJned here until his death. Another son. 
Hamilton, died in Xew York in early man- 
hood. The daughters were Mrs. Thomas Rob- 
ertson, who came to Portland in ISSfi. and 
Mrs. Henry Failing, who became a resident 
of this city in 185S. but both are now de- 
ceased. 

The youngest member of the family was 
tlie Hon. Henry W. Corbett of this review, 
who was only four years of age when his 
parents removed with their family to White 
Creek, New York. Following their removal 
to Cambridge. New Y'ork, he completed a 
course in the Cambridge Academy when thir- 
teen years of age. Entering business life as 
a clerk in a village store, after three years 
he sought the broader opportunities of the 
city and went to New Y'ork, carrying with 
him his entire cash capital, consisting of but 
twenty-two dollars. Soon he secured a posi- 
tion in a dry-goods store on Catherine and 
East Broadway and a year later he accepteil 
a clerkship in the wholesale dry-goods house 
of Bradford & Birdsell on Cedar street, there 
remaining for three years. He was after- 
ward with Williams. Bradford & Company, 
wholesale drv-goods merchants, but with 



notable prescience determined to seek a home 
on the Pacific coast and in IS.IO arrived at 
Portland. The tide of emigration was at 
that time all toward California, attracted bv 
the gold discoveries, and few realized what 
a source of wealth there was in the north- 
west, with its splendid forests, its rich agri- 
cultural lands and many other natural re- 
sources which might be utilized in the attain- 
ment of wealth. Mr. Corbett recognized the 
fact that products raised in Oregon would be 
sold in California, where almost the entire 
population were engaged in mining gold, that 
jiayments would be made with gold dust and 
thus Portland would become an excellent 
trading point. That his reasoning was sound 
time has proven. 

On the snth of .January, 1851, he embarked 
as a passenger on the Empire City, which 
sailed from New York to Panama. He 
crossed the isthmus on a nuile and then sailed 
on the Columbia, a steamer which had been 
liuilt by Howland Aspinwall of New York 
for the trade between San Francisco and 
Portland. After a few years spent in the 
fornuM- city .Mr. Corbett continued northward 
to Astoria, where he arrived on the 4th of 
March, and the following day he reached his 
destination. Large forests of ]>ine and spruce 
covered nearly the entire site of what is now 
one of .America's most beautiful cities, al- 
though a few business houses had been set- 
tled on Front street, around which were seen 
the homes of a few settlers. The territory 
uf Oregon at that time embraced Washington, 
Idaho and a part of ilontana. The goods 
which he had shipped on the bark Francis 
auil Louisa by way of Cape Horn some months 
before he started reached Portland in May, 
1>;.">1. and in a little building on Front and 
Uak streets he opened a general mercantile 
store, over which he had personal supervision 
until June, 1S.'>2, when he placed his store in 
charg<> of a manager and by way of the 
Panama route rctiu'ucd to the east. For al- 
most a year he remained in New York, dur- 
ing which time he made shipments to the 
Portland store. In 185?i he resumed personal 
charge of the business and after the comple- 
tiini of the Union Pacific Railroad merchan 
disc was shipped in that way to San Fran 
cisco and thence by lioat to Portland. In 
ISOS he made his first trip by rail from the 
east to San Francisco, previous to which time 
lie had crossed the isthmus thirteen times 
on trips between the east and the west. 
From the earliest period of his residence in 
Portland he was recognized as a prominent 
factor in its commercial circles. He insti- 
tuted many progressive methods and also re- 
formed measures in the conduct of his busi- 
ness. \^nien he closed his store on Sunday it 
was regarded as a startling innovation, for 
lu'evious to that time ever,v business house 
was open on the first day of the week. With 
the growth of the city his enterprise ex- 
panded, the original house of H. W. Corbett 
I>eciuning in time the property of the firm of 
H. W. Corbett & Compan.v. predecessors of 
Corbett. Failing & Company, who in turn 
were succeeded by Corbett, Failing & Robert- 
>.(in. The line of general niercliandise was 




U. W. COltlttl 1 



PUBLIC 






THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY ()K (»KE(JON 



11 



discontinued and the trade centered in whole- 
sale hardware, the business in this line ex- 
ceeding every other similar enterprise in the 
northwest since ISO?. 

The labors of Mr. Corbett became an in 
tegral part of the history of Portland and 
this section of the country. Strong in his 
ability to plan and perform, strong in his 
honor and name. Mr. Corbett not only pro- 
moted many business jirojects but largely set 
the standard for commercial and financial in- 
tegrity and enterprise. In 1S6S he purchased 
a controlling interest in tlie First National 
Rank, of which ilr. Failing' was made presi 
dent anil so continued until his death in 
ISils. when Mr. Corbett became the executive 
head of the in-titution. This was the tirsi 
national bank organized on the coast and 
during his lifetime the capital stock was in- 
creased from one to seven hundred thousand 
dollars, while its deposits aggregated al>out 
seven million dollars. It became the largest 
bank of the northwest and its sviccess was 
due in no small measure to the conservative 
policy and progressive methods of Mr. Cor- 
bett. He was also prominent in organizing 
the Security Savings & Trust Company of 
Portland and became its president and one 
of its directors and figured prominently in 
the financial circles. He was. moreover, presi- 
dent of the Willamette Steel & Iron Works 
and president of the Portland Hotel Com- 
pany, which erected at Portland one of the 
finest hotels on the coast. He was a pro- 
moter of city ami suburban railway build- 
ing and, serving as a member of thi- board of 
directors of the Street Railway Companies, 
iidded much to the development of the lines. 
Tvong before this, however, he was eonnecte<l 
with transportation facilities. In 186.'> he 
was awarded the contract for transporting 
the mails to California and four years later 
became owner of the California stage line, 
which he extended to carry out the contract 
for running the four-horse stage coach with 
the mail between Portland and California. 
On his election to the I'nited States senate 
in 186G he relinquishe<l the contract but for 
many years thereafter wa.s identified with 
transportation interests as one of the directors 
of the Oregon Steam Navigation Company and 
of its successor, the Oregon Railroad A Navi 
gation Company. 

He was a cooperant factor in establishing 
and promoting many manufacturing interest* 
of Portland whereby the imlustrial activity of 
the city has been greatly promoted and whib- 
in the I'nited States senate he was a stanc-h 
champion of the cause of the Northern Pacitir 
Railroad. Portland's upbuilding ha.s been 
greatlv promoted by him. for he was largely 
instrumental in erecting the First National 
Bank building: the Worcester block on Third 
and Oak streets: the Cambridge block ..n 
Third and Morrison; the N'custadter biiiMio.' 
on Stark and Fifth: the Corbett. Mamilion 
and Mar(|uam buildings, etc. At all timf^ 
recognizing the signs of the times, he InlMired 
to meet existing condition" and to nnfi'ip'it'' 
the needs of a growing eomnuinity and uhil-- 
he promoted his individual int.-rrsls lie rt'ii 
tributed as well to the general prosp«Tily. 



The activity of today b«ei>mi-<t Ihr hi«t..r\ ..( 
tomorrow and thus '.\lr. Corliolt « 
associated with events which »r.> r- 
important features in the cif . 

He had close ronncitioii « ^Irr 

ests and events which l»>re 
commercial, industrial or lii 
lie stood as the promoter .,i 
projei'ts and his pmniini 
made him logicnlly th> 

l'nite<l States senate in ImW;. nln-n lir *•• 
elected over tlovernor Cibbs ■ml l"hn M 
Mitchell. lH'«*oniing a nienilirr of * 
hiiuse of the naliomil b-sriilalurr <> 
of March, isi;?. H 
leniled with tangil' 
He secured the a\i\. ,--'■ 
html postortice. also the cii-- 
.\storia anil succpjilrd in h ' 
nnide the port of entry for ' 
iiistonis district. He intrmlo 
viding for the n-tnrn oi' ■ 
specie payment, which. I 
tile time, wn- 
senate he was ■ 
mui-h needed In — 
retirement on the II 
seven months in t 
became an active f . 
ISOfi. the St. Ixmis : 
n»dd standanl. He v> 
the party to this .' 
many of its »■'■ 
the free «ilver 
forbett and b 
republican vict. 
other western 

the <lemo.Tary. In li"«» Iw 
candidate of his p«rlv for »>>• 
senate and had th- 
legislators but wn- 
Mitchell il 
and sonic 
gon I. ■ ' ■ 
sella I ' 
to tb. : 
of the "eii 
was not • 
failure of » "i 
they hud ••"• • 
tinic- 
nnti'i 
one • 

.\r, 
work ■■ 
Willi Ho- 



bl. .. 
Ink.' 



to Miss r»rolin» F. 



JaOrr. mhn w»» 



12 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



in that city and there passed away in 1865, 
leaving two sons. Henry J. and Hamilton F,, 
both of whom died in Portland in early man- 
hood. It was in Worcester, Massachusetts, 
that Mr. Corbett wedded Miss Kmma L. Rug- 
gles, a native of that state. 

Few men have more fully realized the ob- 
ligations of wealth or met their responsibili- 
ties in a more creditable manner. He was 
deeply interested in and a generous supporter 
of the Boys and Girls Aid Society, which en- 
deavored to secure arrangements whereby 
children guilty of a first crime should not be ■ 
thrown among hardened criminals. The home 
was built especially for such first offenders 
and its influence has been most beneficial. 
Jlr. Corbett's private benevolences were many 
and. in fact, no good work done in the name 
of charity or religion sought his aid in vain. 
He never allowed the acquirement of wealth 
to warp his kindly nature, but remained 
throughout life a genial, courteous gentleman, 
appreciative of social amenities and gener- 
ously bestowing warm regard in recognition 
of true personal worth. Many enterprises 
of Portland today stand as monuments to 
his life work but a more fitting and even 
more lasting! tribute to him is the clierished 
memory which his friends entertain for him. 

NORMAN A. MUEGGE is one of the more 
recent acquisitions to the commercial fra- 
ternity of Baker City, where he has been 
engaged in the drug business for the past 
five years. He was born in the city of 8t. 
Louis. Missouri, on the 24th of September, 
1SS2, and is a son of George B. and Clara 
(Kopp) Muegge. the former a native of Ger- 
many and the latter of Iowa. The father, 
who was born in Hanover in 1852, emigrated 
to the United States in 1865, becoming a resi- 
dent of West Virginia. He was a physical 
trainer by profession and followed this voca- 
tion at various points in the middle west but 
was living in Iowa at the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1895. The mother is still 
living and now makes her home in Baker 
City. Mr. and Mrs. Muegge were the parents 
of two sons, the younger being Helmuth G. 
Muegge, who is engaged in the plumbing 
business in this city. 

In the acquirement of his preliminary edu- 
cation \orman A. Muegge attended the com- 
mon schools of Iowa, his course being ter- 
minated upon his gradtiation from the high 
school at Elkader in 1000. He s\ibsequently 
took a position in a drug store theie, where 
he WHS employed for two years. At the ex- 
piration of that period he determined to 
adopt this business for his life vocation and 
matriculated in the St. Louis College of 
Pharmacy. He pursued his professional 
studies there for two years, being awarded 
Ihe degree of Ph. O. wi'th the class of li)04. 
ImnicMliately after his graduation he took a 
positiiiu as prescription clerk in a )iharnincy 
in St. Louis, continiiing to be identifie<l with 
this enterjirise for four years. Feeling that 
he was fully (pialified to successfully con- 
duct an establishment of his own, he re- 
signed his ])osition in 1006 and came to 
Baker City. In November of that year he 



purchased the Wolfe Pharmacy and has ever 
since been engaged in conducting this en- 
terprise. He has an advantageous location 
and carries a large and well assorted stock 
of drugs, patent and proprietary medicines, 
stationery, toilet articles and such notions 
as are usually to be found in an establish- 
ment of this kind. He takes great pride in 
his business and has a very pleasant and at- 
tractive store, and as he is alert and accom- 
modating in his manner is building up an 
excellent trade. He devotes particular at- 
tention to his prescription department, com- 
pounding all formulas himself, and as he car- 
ries only the best of drugs and is never guilty 
of attempting to make substitutions has es- 
tablished a reputation that brings him a 
large proportion of this work. Much of his 
attention has been devoted to the study and 
compounding of formulas for photographic 
purposes and he is accorded a large patron- 
age by the amateur photographers of the city. 
Mr. iluegge is not only a good pharmacist 
but a business man of more than average 
sagacity, as is manifested by his enterpris- 
ing methods and progressive policy. 

Fraternally Mr. Muegge is afliliated with the 
Eagles and the Foresters of America, while he 
maintains relations with other members of 
liis profession through his connection with the 
State Pharmaceutical Association. His poli- 
tical support is given to the republican party 
in national elections, but in municipal affairs 
he is independent, casting his ballot for such 
men or measures as he deems best qualified 
to serve the community. He is diligent and 
ambitious and is constantly striving to im- 
prove his business policy and commercial 
methods, and naturally is numbered among 
the highly progressive and successful business 
men of the city. 

DR. HERSCHEL EUGENE CURREY is one 

of the able representatives of the medical 
profession of Baker City, who has acquired 
much more than a local reputation through 
his writings and lectures on therapeutical 
subjects as well as his achievements as a 
practitioner. He was born at Rono, Indiana, 
on the 31st of December, 1860, and is a son 
of Dr. H. M. and Julia (Hatfield) Currey, 
both of whom are now deceased. 

When Dr. Currey was still in his early 
childliood his parents removed to Louisiana, 
where he acquired the greater part of his 
preliminary education. For a time he at- 
tended the Louisiana State University at 
Baton Rouge, which at that time was a 
military school. AVhilc still in his early 
youth he was thrown upon his own re- 
sources, and as a result endured many hard- 
ships and privations in his effort to ade- 
quately i)rovide for his physical needs and 
at the same time acquire the education he 
longed for. Such ambition and determina- 
tion of purpose as he possessed is not easily 
thwarted, however, and despite the many 
obstacles and hindrances he encountered he 
was at last able to enter the Kentucky 
School of Medicine. Upon his graduation 
from this institution he became associated 
witli an uncle, a well known physician wn'th 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



13 



a large practice, who was growing old and 
desired to retire. After a lew months Dr. 
Currey felt the limitations of his equipment 
and desiring a fuller and more eomprelien- 
sive knowledge of the fundamental principles 
underlying the science of medicine, he 
matriculated in an eclectic school, and pur- 
sued a full course of study. In 1S90 he 
came to Oregon and opening an olhce en- 
gaged in general practice, but an insatiable 
thirst for knowledge and his high standards 
impelled him to spend one-fourth of his 
time during the succeeding few years in pur- 
suing post-graduate work. Much of his 
time and attention during that period was 
devoted to a careful and thorough study of 
the diseases of women and cliiidren. and in 
1904 he withdrew from general practice and 
has ever since made a specialty of the dis- 
eases of women. He has lieen most suc- 
cessful in this connection and through his 
wide experience and years of private research 
has discovered a mode of treatnu-nt for pel- 
vic disorders of women that has made his 
name known in households throughout the 
United States, and "Alorine"' is lH>coming 
lecognized by both the profession and the 
laity as one of the most efficacious reme- 
dies now on the market for diseases of this 
nature. 

Dr. Currey is a great student ami keeps 
in close touch with the progress of his pro- 
fession through the medium of the various 
medical works and journals, and is a con- 
tributor to several of the latter. His capa- 
bilities have received recognition through- 
out the west and middle west, and he has 
frequently been asked to appear before va- 
rious associations of his profession, where 
he has delivered some very entertaining and 
instructive lectures founded upon his per- 
sonal experiences and observations. His 
paper on •'Modern Medical Science,*' delivered 
before the National Eclectic Medical Asso- 
ciation at Portland. Oregon, in .Tune. 1S96, 
was most ably prepared and brought him 
special commendation. Dr. Currey has been 
officially connected with a number of well 
known associations of his profession. He 
was president of the Oregon State Kclectic 
Afedical Association and in lS9.")-fi served as 
.second vice presiilent of the Xationnl ?>lec- 
tic Medical Association, while he is an hon- 
orary member of the San Francisco City and 
County, and the California State Kclectic 
Meilical Societies. He was a.ssistant sii(mt- 
intendent of the Maclean Hospital and Sani- 
tarium of San Francisco. California, in l^'Ofi 
and 1S!I7. and in 1001 he was elected a mem- 
ber of tlie state board of medical examiners 
of Oregon, retaining this position for live 
years. During the early years of his prac 
tice. he was appointed L'nited States pension 
surgeon, serving in this capacity from lS5fi 
to 1888. 

When a youth of about sixteen year« he 
was visiting an uncle at Carmi, Illinoi«. and 
believing that the sandy soil of that por 
tion of the country was well adapted to 
the growing of peanuts he planted about pix 
acres. His experiment proved surre««fnl. 
and this has since become one of the chief 



industries of that section ^.f th.- -talr. l»r. 

Currey is a man ol e\t' riiialion 

and is well eqnip|H-d to: . of hi* 

profession. He is I !>ro- 

gressive in his ideas. |o 

adapt to his needs an<i i> , v«| 

that is otfered by the of 

medicine. In ISUT ti-- ■■ ^r 

j.'ree of .Master of Sii riui 

-Medical College .m.i k 
course in the I 
tics. He is Ik. 
sionally and s<h iailv in I 
who.se citizens he nnml 
irienil-. 

FRANK W. BISHOP . 

of the good busiiii«H M. 

therein is condnnm . . 

plumbing estabi 

lie has secured a 

bis business one ui the prohtu'' i*l 

enterprises of the city H.- (n 

Emporia. Kansas. D- 

a son of Frank and I 

The father was bom iv >> i. 

liristol. Enghuiil. DecemlH-r 

parents being llioni'- ■" ' ' 

Bislioi>. who sjM'nt tl 

land where the fati 

laborer. Frank Hi-ihop. ."^r., »»■ ihr ■•^^ihI 

of .seven children and the fir»t I" mm- to 

the l'nited States, but later I" 'ol- 

lowed him. Charli-s William. •■ • 

resident of Oregon, ami .MIntI. who mii-- hU 

home in Troy. New York. 

It was in the sprini; ••' ''"•'■ "■■• ^'■■■t 
Bishop. Sr., orrived in ' 
He s(M-nt two vi.ir- on 
I'uget Sound in 
lie had some li 
Indians when in tli> 
ilays. and on one ">• 
among them (■■ 
bea<h)uarter» n< 
■•everal yin- 
and place I 
ni'ction « ii .. 
Mar-> ayo »l»'ii hi 
through nearly nil • 
of the "est. <' 
twenty thn-<- •' 
three mon' 
inside of M 

of pi' 

was 



miliar to him. an 
tlirooi-h Itio "fa*' 



I.inndn. 



rr.f.v r.t, 



Iraiik \V. and Ihcma« 
N.-Ilie W . thr m\lr of 



14 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOEY OE OREGON 



C'iilifornia; and Charles W., also living in 
Baker. 

Frank W. Bishop resided at the place of 
liis birth until nine years of age when his 
parents removed from Emporia, Kansas, to 
Buena Vista, Colorado, where he continued 
until he reached the age of sixteen years. 
A removal was then made to Ogden, Utlh, 
\vhere he continued until December. 1900, 
since which time he has lived in Baker. He 
pursued his education in the public schools 
until he left Colorado, and when he started 
out in life on his own account he worked 
at any employment he could secure. At 
Ogden he entered the plumbing business as 
an apprentice, his term of indenture covering 
five years, and later he was employed as a 
journeyman until February 8. 1903, when he 
founded his present business, opening a gen- 
eral hardware and plumbing establishment. 
Both departments are liberally patronized. 
and his sales have reached a large annual 
figure. He owns the block which he occupies 
at No. 2108 Main street. This is a stone 
structure, two stories and basement, fifty 
by one hundred feet. It is a double store, 
one half of which is rented to the Eastern 
Oregon Light & Power Company. In addi- 
tion to his commercial interests Mr. Bishop 
is connected with quartz mining in Baker 
county. 

On the 2d of June, 1896. in Ogden, Utah, 
Mr. Bishop was married to Miss Florence 
Moore, a native of that place and a daughter 
of D. M. Moore who has conducted an exten- 
sive nursery business there for the past 
twenty-five years. jMr. and Mrs. Bishop be- 
came the parents of three children, Virginia 
M.. Norma and Florence 11., but they lost 
their second daughter in infancy. In 1904 
Mr. Bishop was called upon to mourn the 
loss of his wife, who passed away on the 
7th of March in that year. In Boise. Idaho, 
he married Miss Jennie M. Maxwell, a native 
of Spokane. 

Fraternally Mr. Bishop is well known, hold- 
ing membership with the Odd Fellows, the 
Elks and the Knights of Pythias. He ex- 
emplifies in his life many of the sterling 
traits of his English ancestors yet is 
typically American in spirit and interests, 
displaying that determination and progres- 
siveness which have been characteristics of 
the northwest in its development and 
upbuilding. 

JOSIAH FAILING. Among tlic men who 
have left their impress upon the city of 
Portland in the days of its early develop- 
ment, Josiah Failing was prominent. Not 
only did he contribute to its material pro- 
gress but also aided in establishing its ed- 
ucational and moral development, while in 
the field of charily and gi'iieral helpfulness 
his nature found ready and prompt expres- 
sion. No history of Portland therefore 
would be complete without reference to Mr. 
Failing as one of its pioneer bvisiness men 
and most valued citizens. The ancestors of 
Josiah Failing on his father's side were cit- 
izens of the Palatinate in Germany, plain, 
sturdy people. They were Protestants, and. 



being persecuted on account of their reli- 
gion, rather than yield they preferred to 
sacrifice everything else. When ottered the 
alternative of a wilderness and freedom of 
conscience they accepted it. In the latter 
part of the seventeenth century and begin 
ning of the eighteenth the wars of Europe 
were waged largely on religious grounds. 
The Lower Palatine was for a long period 
the scene of the ravages incident to such 
strife, and finally the remnant of people 
adhering to the Protestant faith were com- 
pelled to Hee to England for refuge. Queen 
Ann. upon the recommendation of her 
Board of Trade, granted the petition of 
Joshua Koekenthal and fifty-one of his co- 
religionists, and furnished vessels to trans- 
|iort them to the American colonies. These 
religious refugees arrived in iNew York in 
1708, having been naturalized in England. 
Most of them located in the valley of the 
Mohawk and subsequently acquired from the 
crown the lands upon which they settled. 
Others followed in 1710 to the number of 
three thousand. 

Josiah Failing was the second son of 
Henry .Jacob Failing, of Montgomery county. 
New York, who, in 1804, married Mary 
Chapman. l)orn in Bradford. Wilshire, En- 
gland. .Josiah was born in the town of 
Canajoharie, in Montgomery county. His 
wife, Henrietta Legge Ellison, the daughter 
of Henry Ellison, of York, England, and 
Mary Beek, of JNew York city, was born in 
Charleston, South Carolina. Soon after her 
birth her father died and the widow with 
her infant daughter, returned to her parents 
in New York city. This daughter was there 
married to Josiah Failing, July 15, 1828. 
The name of Failing is a common one in 
Montgomery and the neighboring counties. 
The village on the north side of the Mohawk 
river, opposite Canajoharie, is called Pala- 
tine Bridge, from the township so called in 
memory of the European home of the early 
settlers. The family is referred to credit- 
ably at various points in the Broadhead 
papers, notably as participants in the battle 
of Fort Herkimer, and the names of three 
Failings appear on the roster of the Pala- 
tine battalion, which did good service in this 
battle. Further notice of the family appears 
in Sim's Frontiersmen of New York. 

Henry J. Failing, or .Jacob Failing, as he 
was ordinarily called, was a farmer and 
liad a trading post with settlers. From his 
lather lie inlierited three farms, one of 
whicli, situated on the Mohawk was the 
birlliplace of Josiah. The other two were in 
the neighborhood, one of which is the pres- 
ent site of St. Johnsville. One of his farms 
he gave to a brother who had been carried 
olT by the Indians when quite young but who 
was rescued liy Sir William Johnson and 
restored to his family after many years of 
captivity. This act may be noted as some- 
what characteristic of .Josiah Failing's father 
and of his ancestry generally. They were 
]ieopIe of generous instincts, freehearted and 
liberal, and hence were not likely to be sus- 
picious or mistrustful of others. They ob- 
served only one part of the maxim, "Never to 



TH 



t NtV- 

PUBLIC Li 



*«TO«, UNOX AN. 
TILOEM FOUNDATIO^ 



Till-: CHNTENMAl. lllSTu|;v ul-' ()|{K«;(>N 



17 



c-hual or allow yourself to be cheated."' 1>m one 
occasion Jacob Failing's partner in the trad- 
ing post went to Albany, carrying a large 
sum of money with whirh to pay the bills of 
the firm and buy goods, and was never heard 
of afterward, iiut they were men in whom 
lionesty was ingrained and instinctive, and 
no sutTering that they might undergo at the 
hands of others through indirection or im- 
position could impair their reverence of in 
tegrity and their scrupulous practice of this 
virtue. They were industrious and intelli- 
gent, independent and self-reliant, and hehl 
debt in abhorrence. If any fault is to be 
found with them in their way of life it i.-- 
that they seemed to have had no large am- 
bitions. " If they were less thrifty than the 
Knickerbockers, this can be explained par 
tially by references to their surroundings 
and opportunities in the quiet Mohawk val- 
ley, and to that kindliness of spirit which, 
like lending, dulls the edge of husbandry. 
But they managed to have an abundance of 
good things, whieh they knew how to enjoy, 
for they suffered the minimum from those 
pains and worriinents which are begotten of 
aciiuisitiveness. Their nearest markets for 
the products of their farms and orehards- 
of which some of the latter stand much as 
they were to this day — were Albany and 
Schenectady, to which places they journeyed 
once a year in sleighs or wagons in long 
trains. Those were great occasions and much 
enjoyed, we may be sure. 

For two generations the Palatine settle- 
Dien on the Mohawk was almost exclusively 
German. The Lutheran church was the only 
religious teacher and German the only Ian 
guage used in tile schools. The mother 
tongue was fast deteriorating among them, 
however, owing to the isolation of the im- 
migrants and besides it placed them at such 
disadvantage in the midst of Knglish speak- 
ing people that .lacob Failing, realizing this, 
insisted that nothing but English should 
be spoken in his household. English had not 
vet lieeome the language in the common 
schools and German was still the language 
in every day use in the settlement. The 
building of the Erie canal, that grand act of 
internal development, brought a new and 
active life into the ipiiet anil restful com 
nuinity. The world was thereby brought fo 
their iloors. Aggressive people came in with 

progressive ideas. Tl oiintry wax nwuk 

ened and Englisli began to be taught in Of 
schools and sjioken on the street.t and at 
home. The only rr lie of the rierman vernor 
iilnr in .Taiob Failing':' -.peeeh was n .light 
difTieiiltv in managing his Ts ami hi* D». 
This good, easy man of inflexible lionesty 
and pure eharity. ilied at about middle age 
in a singular way: he was stung on the 
top of tlie heail bv a yidlow jacket, the poi 
son of which proved fatal. He left a widnw 
with «i-ven children and a fair ••-tale in land 
and hou^.e^.. though had he cured m»r.- fi>r 
money, had h.- known how to eeonomiw- «« 
the nioile was in New England or in New 
York among the Dutch, or had he hwn •We 
to sav no to his neighbors who needed hw 
signature on notes to strengthen and iilli- 



mately to rrpUev thrira, hi- r«>tt|t| harr Irff 

a considerable ••:»ttttc in 

His wife was one nI the 

in the ralatiiie ^cti' 

with lier parent.'. ■ 

nlio had married I 

and u ith hi-r hu.l' • 

this neighlMirhiMxI. i 

ried .lacob Failing. ?»he *«. 

sterling character. In her Itl 

unmistakable sign.* of st' \ui 

coinpruinising will. Hit t tnj 

thing but uiiK 

res(H'i't and coi. 

her is so apt "i -■ 

tained ill the wor^l 

but which uas in . 

"gentlewoman" stately ami 

syin|iathetic and tttlaldc I'i- 

in the househohl wax iilwiiliit.- lie 

compelled. ( onipliuiH'i- »ilh hrr 

the part of her children »«» in 

and seemed n matter "f ■'•■iirKr. 

ence over them was xii.li •' ■ ■ 

was not only never ipi. 

chililren it would hi.- 

thing not to iibi'V 

deep religious seiitm 

and fashiiined her life u|>on i 

Scripture. Her views xhr (•• 

upon her children. - 

and. being of nucli 

possessing cult m 

lo<-ality. it ix ' 

of her inili» iiliiu.i . .- • 

her descendants. In or 

family and giv.' tli.in - 

study as the r 

to keep 11 tl a 

which a long Iwt ui 

friends always found II 

to command, she v. ■ 

of land jiiec«' by 

arose. When -' 

year the farm 

her only siirv 

Of late years it fell in 
development and ».>• '' ' 
.Shore road, » ' 
foot the bill t 
lained her mental 
very late day in I ' 
ity'that at Ih'' 
writing w»« .. 
. ...I ., . . I 



mor. 

iif h 

.li- 
the 



sv rhacarlerMtuM «<e ttt^/iw 



nut ,l.!!''ill <<■• "^* '• 

nml tn«'»» Ihr o»r>«l "I Ih* *" 



18 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



iivailable ill iitMiuiiiiig lui education. The 
lessons that were taught he mastered thor- 
oughly and constantly built upon this foun- 
dation ever afterward by the perusal of good 
books, the chief of which was his Bible and 
by association with and friction among men. 
In his sixteenth year, feeling that it was 
his duty to shift for himself and become 
helpful to others as soon as he was able, he 
obtained his mother's consent to go to Al- 
bany and learn the paperstainer's trade, the 
art of which at the time consisted in im- 
pressing designs upon wall paper by hand 
with blocks. It was what his hands found 
to do and he did it. He completed his ap- 
prenticeship in New York city in 1824 and 
worked at the trade there until his marriage. 
Then, his health not having been good while 
engaged in paper-staining, he went into the 
draying business and subsequently, for 
many j-^ars. held the office of city superin- 
tendent of carts. Of the Uraymasters' As- 
sociation he was secretary. His means were 
limited but he continued to support his fam- 
ily in comfort and to educate his children. 
This was his chief care. As their numbers 
increased his anxiety for their welfare 
caused him to think much of ways and 
means to better his financial condition. 
Early in the '30s he became greatly inter- 
ested in Oregon and was on the point at one 
time of joining a company of emigrants to 
the Pacific coast, but he was a man of great 
caution and responsibility of his family, to- 
gether with the uncertainty of the venture, 
deterred him. The idea never l6ft his mind, 
inllucnced largely by letters from the early 
missionaries. When, however, years after- 
ward the undertaking had become more feas- 
ible, though it was still a bold step for him 
to take, situated as he was, he did not de- 
cide upon it fully until it had been talked 
over among the members of the family for, 
perhaps, twelve months. His life in ^ew 
York city, meanwhile, was not marked by 
any notable event. It was one of great 
activity, nevertheless, from 1S34 until 1851. 
]*'irst of all he discharged his duty conscien- 
tiously to those dependent upon him. And 
it was no light task to provide comfortably 
for and rear with good educational facilities 
a family which had increased to six children. 
His business required the closest attention, 
yet his charity which began at home did not 
end there. In the Baptist church, of which 
he was a deacon and leading spirit, he al- 
ways found time to take an active part in 
promoting the cause of religion and morals, 
and to do the greatest good in many prac- 
tical ways. In relieving the n<'edy and com- 
forting those in distress he was always a 
ready and checriul helper. His interest in 
the public schools was hearty and earnest, 
and he was an active friend of this bulwark 
of sound mortality and good goverinnent. 
But the sphere of his activity in this re- 
spect was not so wide or [jroiiounced as it 
became later in the jiioncer Held, where he 
earned the title of "father of the schools." 
On the l.'itli of April, 18,51, .losiah J<"ailing, 
accompanied by his sons. Henry and .lohn 
W. Failing, sailed from New York city to 



thoro\iglily examine the Oregon country, 
whicli he had studied as carefully as he 
could from a distance and which he was sat- 
isfied should be the future home of the 
family. In 1851 Portland had a population 
of three or four hundred people who had 
settled near the river. Back of the few 
small buildings which had been hastily 
thrown up stood a virgin forest. In the one 
or two streets laid out there were still the 
stumps of great fir trees. In the immediate 
outlook there was a little tonic as in the au- 
tumn rains beyond which the sun was hid- 
den; but there was a future for the country, 
a great and solid future. They could see it. 
They had the gift of patience to w'ait for it 
and do what could be done in the meantime. 
The stock of goods with which Josiah and 
Henry Failing were to begin business did 
not arrive until October. While Availing for 
tlieir arrival they occupied themselves in 
building a store for their reception, twenty- 
two feet front and fifty feet deep, on the lot 
in the southwest corner of Front and Oak 
streets. This was replaced by a brick build- 
ing in 1859 and the original wooden struc- 
ture was removed to the lot in the rear, 
where it long stood as a memorial of 1851. 
In the first structure they started with a 
miscellaneous stock adapted to the some- 
what restricted requirements of the pioneers 
who were at first exclusively farmers. Later 
as the wants of their customers became 
more varied and extensive their stock grew 
in volume and variety to meet their de- 
mands. Father and son did not start out 
auspiciously in traffic. A succession of dis- 
asters befell them in 1852. Three vessels, 
the barks llendora and J. 0. Merithew, and 
the brig Vandalia, the latter with all her 
crew, went down on the bar of the Columbia 
river in one night. In order to divide the 
risk as much as possible, for insurance could 
not be had at that time, they had goods on 
each of these vessels. Their loss by this 
wreckage was therefore total and severe. 
At the end of the first seven or eight years 
they were but little in advance of the point 
at which they started, but while struggling 
against adversity they were acquiring 
strength and laying a foundation deep and 
broad. Their connections were with New 
York and they imported a great many goods 
for San Francisco. Henry Failing shared in 
the management and control with his father. 
They did a strictly legitimate business and 
avoided everything like speculation, taking 
only such risks that were inevitable in their 
line of trade. They were conservative and 
prudent, but they did not lack either in ac- 
tivity or enterprise; in every respect they 
conducted their affairs upon the highest 
principles. They employed no drummers. 
They resorted to none of those artifices 
which inflate traffic by proportionately in- 
creasing the expense account. They started 
out witli the determination not to incur any 
obligations they could not meet with cer- 
tainty. Father and son planted themselves 
in the confidence of the people and as the 
country grew they grew with it. Whoever 
tiaded with them once traded with them 



THK L'ENTKNMAL HISTORY ()K OKKGON 



Itf 



cvtT iilti'i'waid mill in tliis was tlu-ir advi-r- 
tisemt'iit. Tlieir busiiu'ns was from tlu- be- 
ginning contined almost entirely to supply- 
ing up-country merchants. As each of these 
enlarged his business theirs was enlarged; 
and whenever new stores were estaulished in 
the interior they secured their share of the 
custom. In the spring of 1S64 .Josiiih tail- 
ing witlulrew with a comfortable compe- 
tency. 

From that time until his death, on the 
14th of August, 1S77, he had ample U-isure 
to look after those interests which had al 
ways been dear to him. cliielly the atTuirs 
of "the church and the public schools, and lie 
made good use of his time. This was. per- 
haps, the happiest season of his long ami 
active career, for the dominating idea of lii» 
life was to do good. While in business he 
was attentive to its re(iuiieineiits, method- 
ical and thorough in the discharge of his 
duties as a merchant, but the store did not 
swallow him up and separate him from the 
world. There was never a time when he 
was not a leader and recogni/ed as the 
spirit and inspiration of practical t)enefi- 
cence in Portland. The l5aptist church re- 
nienibeis him as one of the most active 
buihlers and liberal contributors to its 
well-being, for a quarter of a century. He 
was devotedly attached to his own denom- 
ination, but iie entertained a broad charity 
for the people who disagreed with him. lie 
was not demonstrative in his religion. His 
faith was rather manifested in bis acts. His 
was me lirst family of Baptists that came 
to live in Portland! ami the church may lie 
said to have grown up about him as a nu- 
cleus. He was active and earnest in secur- 
ing the site of the Baptist church on the 
corner of Alder and Fourth streets, which 
was originally a gift of the town proprie- 
tors. He was a trustee of the church which 
in his case was not a nominal oHice. and he 
discharged all his duties conscientiously and 
as a labor of love. The cry of distress 
never reached his ears unheeded or '""l^ 
him unprepared. The immigrants of ISi- 
will never forget his activity in their be- 
half, when stricken with disease and threat 
ened with starvation beyond the moiintain-j 
he worked for their relief as earnestly and 
as tenderly as though they had been mem 
bers of his own family. His influence viax 
felt everywhere in the young city in shap 
ing its affairs for the better. It is largely 
due to his exertions that the lirst school 
district in Portland was organized and n tn\ 
levied to build a schoolliouse. lie was >\<r 
a firm believer in the cause of ediiratinn «■> 
a preparation for life's practi.nl no'J re 
sponsible duties, believing that thorough in- 
stniction should be given in the ordinary 
branches of an English education lint h.- 
did not believe in the exiwndiH: 
moneys in the maintenance <■■ 

higher eiliicatioii. which the ch " ■■■ - 

poor could not attend because of » nr.-.-j..it.y 
that would force them out into the w..rl.l ni 
an earlier ape to earn their own Iivel>l..x,.l. 
He felt therefore, that the sch.^l- »h.rr,n 
science and languages were taught were lor 



the belielit of Ih 
alTord to pay '.■• 
lor their children. 

Mr, Failing K«^<' ' 
port to the whig purts » 
tioii joined the ntnVa 
party. In l">i ; 
Portland on i^ 
ticket nnd in l - 
convention » Ij 
to that ul'" <> 
later. Hi 
to »t«te I 
tariff. H. 

scum- of I • 



i rif ^ui'jt-ti III I 
in 1S.',7. when ' 

ted t.. •■■ ■ 

the .< 

whet I.- 

or slave -' 

other tli:i: 

allo« • 

the . 

wi.se li'! I ii> ;,'"ii I" 

it had a hirgi-r po| 

slavery an ' - 

political 1 

and then 

meiit but 

ship and 

Iriends wen- tliom- pi-< 

him in politii-* M*- ' 

shari' 

an Hi 

sist oil .1 

pie, Vil 

that ■<■•'■ 

srelii- 

ti-rnf 
self-control. 

It i- .I".- t- 
and ' 
of I' 



..titi.-*t 



f )•.-••• mrrr 



.\ a 



II.. Ij 



iind -Ij I *" "**■ 



20 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



The home life of Mr. and ilrs. Failing was 
largely ideal, each being the supplement and 
complement to the other. She was a woman 
of strong character, atl'ectionate and 103'al 
disposition and remarkable personal beauty. 
Devoted first of all to her husband and chil- 
dren, her home was her world, yet quietly 
and without confusion she discharged her 
full duty to society until called to her home 
beyond in 1883. 

ASA B. THOMSON for many years has 
been one of the iutluential men in Umatilla 
county in which he has extensive business 
interests in both land and financial enter- 
prises. He has been honored by his fellow 
citizens with an office of public trust, hav- 
ing been elected a member to the state legis- 
lature as representative for his county. He 
is a native sou of Oregon, his birth having 
occurred in Pendleton, July 15, 1870. He is 
the son of Oscar F. and Almira (Atwood) 
Thomson. His father was a native of Mis- 
souria and his mother of Iowa. Oscar F. 
Thomson crossed the plains with a wagon 
train in 1850 when he was a young man of 
twenty years, making his first settlement in 
the far west in the state of California. 
Here he remained until 1861 at which time 
he removed to Oregon, making the journey 
at that time with a pack train. He settled 
in Umatilla and at once became engaged in 
the livery, forwarding and commission busi- 
ness. Shortly after establishing his residence 
in Umatilla he was elected to the office of 
sheriff of that county and in this capacity 
he remained for two successive terms. Re- 
tiring from the duties of the office of sheriff' 
he purchased a ranch on Butter creek to 
which he removed and maintained his resi- 
dence during the remainder of his life, his 
death having occurred in June, 1909, at the 
age of seventy-nine years. He was an en- 
thusiastic and loyal member of the demo- 
cratic party and one of its political leaders. 
He was a member of Umatilla Lodge, No. 40, 
A. F. & A. M., having been a charter mem- 
ber of this lodge and also of the Masonic 
lodge at Echo. Mrs. Thomson emigrated to 
Oregon with her parents when she was a girl 
of eleven years. The family made its first 
settlement in Umatilla county and she re- 
mained under the parental roof until the 
time of her marriage. Having survived the 
death of her husband she still maintains her 
residence at the home farm on Butter creek in 
Umatilla county. Both Mr. and Mrs. Thom- 
son were members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. South. 

Asa B. Thomson was reared at home and 
ac(|uired his elementary education in the 
])nl)lic schools of the district in which he 
lived. After completing the regular course 
of instructions in tlie common school he be- 
came a pupil of the Portland Business Ool- 
lege and graduated from this institution 
with the class of 1890. Having completed 
the required course of studies he formed a 
partnership with Al Evans and engaged with 
him in the sheep industry in Morrow county 
in this state. He was identified with this 
husiness for a term of five vears after which 



lie disposed of his interests and iu the fall 
of 1896 he removed to a farm on Butter 
i-reek in Umatilla county and was there 
engaged in farming and the cattle business, 
making a specialty of growing alfalfa. 
During his residence upon his Butter creek 
ranch he was called by the suffrages of the 
people to represent his district in the state 
legislature. In 1900 he was appointed re- 
ceiver of public moneys in the land office at 
La Grande, Oregon, and in order to more 
conveniently care for the duties incumbent 
upon him he removed to La Grande in which 
place he resided for one year. He later re- 
moved to Echo where he still maintains his 
residence. Mr. Thomson was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Bank of Echo and upon its 
organization was made one of the directors 
of that institution. In 1903 he became the 
leading spirit in the organization of the 
Butter Creek Telephone Company, which 
company was reorganized in 1907 and is now 
in eft'ective operation under the name of the 
Eastern Oregon Independent Telephone Com- 
pany. All of the interests and business man- 
agement of this company has been under the 
efficient care and supervision of Mr. Thomson 
since its organization in 1903. In connection 
with his other business interests he con- 
tinued to operate his ranch on Butter creek 
until 1911. This property he has recently 
placed under lease to an acceptable and effi- 
cient tenant. 

Mr. Thomson was married in 1898 to Miss 
Carrie A. Stanfield, daughter of Robert N. 
Stanfield and a sister of Ralph B. Stanfield, 
a sketch of whom will be found elsewhere. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Thomson one child has been 
born, Elna May. Mr. Thomson is politically 
affiliated with the republican party. He is 
a member of Umatilla Lodge, No. 40, A. F. 
& A. M.; a member of Heppner Chapter, No. 
26, R. A. M.; a member of the Pendleton 
Commandery of the Knight Templars and of 
the Oregon Consistory, No. 1, A. & A. S. R. ; 
and a member of the Al Kader Temple of 
Portland, and also of the Order of the East- 
ern Star and a demitted member of the 
Knights of Pythias. Mrs. Thomson is a 
member of the Episcopal church and holds 
membership in Bushey Chapter. No. 19, 0. E. 
S., of Pendleton. 

Mr. Thomson is in every way a worthy and 
typical son of Oregon. He is closely allied 
w ith the development of his native state and 
has in his business career demonstrated in 
a very satisfactory degree, that to the young 
man who is watchful of his opportunities, in- 
dustrious and frugal, Oregon is willing to 
give in exchange, a home, independence and 
honor. He is one of those men in his county 
who are ready at all times to give the benefit 
of their experience and influence to the ad- 
vancement of any measure having for its 
imrpose the improvement of educational, 
civic and material interests of the people. 

PLEASANT J. BROWN, a retired ranch- 
man of Baker City, who owns eight hundred 
and forty acres of excellent land in this 
county, is one of Oregon's pioneer citizens, 
his residence here covering a period of forty- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ORl-XJON 



21 



live years. He was born in Jasper eounty, 
Iowa, on the 1st of April, 1854. iiiul is a 
son of Andrew .J. and Martha Ann illarp) 
Brown. The father was a native of Tennes- 
see and the mother of Illinois, bnt they re- 
moved to Iowa with their parents during 
the pioneer days, and there they were mar- 
ried and passed tlie early years of their do- 
mestic life. In 1S64, they joined u wagon 
train and crossing the plains they located in 
-Montana. Three years later they came to 
Oregon, settling on Coose creek in Baker 
county, where the father filed on some gov- 
ernment land. There the mother passed 
away in IST-l, biit the father was living in 
Baker City until the time of his death, which 
occurred in December, I'JO". Twelve children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Bmwn. nine of 
whom are living and all are residents of Ore- 
gon with the exception of one, who lives in 
Boise, Idaho. 

Pleasant J. Brown was a lad of ten years 
when his parents removed to Montana and 
thirteen when they settled in Baker county. 
His education was obtained in the schools of 
his native state, and completed in those of 
Montana and Oregon. He remained at home 
on the ranih until he as nineteen years ol 
age and then started out on his career. 
For six years thereafter he engaged in 
freighting and during that time aecumnlateil 
sntlicient means to enable him to engage 
in ranching, and homesteaded a quarter sec- 
tion of land in Eagle valley and engaged 
in the livestock business. lie continued in 
this line with constantly increasing success 
for twenty years. Early recognizing that 
property values in this section wouhl rapidly 
increase in value with the development of 
transportation facilities, Mr. lirown I'Xtended 
his holdings from time to time until he now 
owns eight hunilred and forty acres of ex- 
cellent farming land. He retired from active 
bvisiness several years ago turning over the 
management of his ranch to his son. Kosco*' 
1'. Brown, and is now living in Baker Citv, 
where he owns a beautiful ri'sidenre. In 
addition to his extensive property interests, 
-Mr. Brown is one of the stockholders of the 
Citizens National Bank and is a menilM-r 
of the board of directors of this institution. 

On the 1st of .January, 18S0, Mr. Browii 
was united in marriage to Miss Zona E. 
Young, who was born in Illinois and is n 
daughter of W. X. and Nancy A. (Subletti 
Young, likewise natives of Illinois. Th«' 
family of Mr. and Mrs. Brown number-, 
seven, as follows: S. Ellen. William •'.. wli" 
is deceased; Roscoe P.. who operates the 
home ranch; Chester .1., who is deceascU; 
June C, who is attending high school; •nil 
Sylvester W. and Zona M. 

The family attend the Baptist church in 
which the mother holds mcml)orship. and fra- 
ternally Mr. lirown belongs to the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of 
Pythias and the Masonic order, being a mem 
ber of the blue lodge. His political supfwirt 
is given to the democratic party and h" 
served as school clerk for fifteen year< and 
as county commissioner for four. Mr. Itrown 
is widely known in Baker county, which h«« 



develo|)ed ulmimt bryouJ recognition during 
the long period of his rvaidrncv, and u one 
of the thriving and highly priMprruua arr 
tions of the state. 

HORACE WALKER m numbrrr<l amnn; lb* 

olticials ol I mutilla county, •• '|m> 

present time as a member oi of 

county commissioners. 1|. igr 

in Pendleton, tu which i ' is 

iai)4. Previous to that rr 

sided upon u ranch and >»f 

of four hunilred and tin of 
valuable laiiil in thia |Mirt ol ' 

-Mr. Walker is a Canadian I.. >« 
ing been born in (;n»y county, iiiit.k(.-. May 

16, IM64. His purenta. John an.) Uor 

(btevensoni Walker, wei. of 

Scotland anil in their earl. ik 

their res|H-ctive jmr - ' 

They were married in 

domestic life u|>on n ' 

crossed the border into i 'i-n. 

arriving in Wallulu. WaaliK ik 

of March and thenci* priHrv.lr,! i., VVr«tua. 

< Irejton. rhe previoiii year th" f«ih»r K«"l 

made a trip to the Pan 

had selected n location. 

tainily home was e«f ' ' ,„ 

I nialilla roiinty, i in-. tt 

ill),' a farm on Dry i: ... •« 

general agricultural purituila ra 

moved to a farm on MutliT ' < ■ ta 

Morrow county, where h- waa r«lrn«i»»ljr 

I iiguged in the stoi-k biiainraa. .\t that lini*. 

however, .Morrow at ill fiirm<-<l a part •>! I ma 

tilla county, within the iMirdi-ra of whi.h k» 

continued to n- ■ • i ■ ■ -■ 

lU'th of .\pril. I 

years of age. 

>iir»iveil hia »il' 

aged sixty live \ 

sistent memlH'ra ol the f 

and enjoyed the hijfh r- 

whom they cnmr in 

Horace WalkiT •<" >l 4ar« 

III the holri ' ' 

of thirteen 

(,, .1... I ., • 



ruiiiii;: "It 
llir.piik'li 'h 
Diiriii:' 
Im-cii > 



rouncy. li- 

tlmir» tn ■ 



'.u kia 






pupiU m llw ci^btb itA^t. It ■*** tke 4* 



22 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



sire to give liis children good edueatioiial 
opportunities that led Jlr. Walker to re- 
move to Pendleton in 1904. He is numbered 
among the worthy and progressive citizens 
here and enjoys the high regard of his fel- 
low townsmen. In politics he has long been 
an earnest republican and is recognized as 
one of the local leaders of the party. He 
has served repeatedly as delegate to the 
county and state conventions and is now' 
serving for the twelfth consecutive year as 
a member of the board of count}' commis- 
sioners, his reelection being incontrovertible 
proof of his fidelity and capability in oflicc 
and of the contidence reposed in him by his 
constituents. He belongs to Nasbury Lodge, 
No. 9.3, F. & A. M., at Helix, and to Pendle- 
ton Chapter, No. 52, E. A. M. His life has 
been well spent and the record which he 
has made in business shows that he has 
wisely used his time and opportunities. As 
a public ollicial he has been most earnest 
in performing tlie duties that have devolved 
upon him and in promoting the welfare and 
progress of his county througli the exer'cise 
of his official prerogatives. In every rela- 
tion of life he measures up to a high stan- 
dard of manhood and citizenship and is highly 
esteemed wherever known. 

HENRY FAILING. There came to Henry 
Failing during the course of his active and 
honorable life many expressions of public 
regard and approval but none that indicated 
more clearly the attitude of Portland's citi- 
zens to^vard him than his election to the 
mayoralty for a second term with only five 
dissenting votes. He remained through the 
period of his residence here a high type of 
Ameiican manhood and chivalry, the simple 
weight of his character and ability carry- 
ing him into prominence. His public record 
and his private life are alike untarnished 
by any dishonor or lack of fidelity to duty. 
His achievements were notable and he wrote 
his name upon the hearts of his friends in 
characters that time will never efface. The 
width of the continent separated Henry Fail- 
ing during the period of his residence in 
Poitlanil from the place of his nativity, for 
ho was born in the cily of New York, .Janu- 
ary 17, 18:m. His parents were .Josiah and 
Henrietta (Kllison) Failing, a sketch of whom 
appears cLsewhere in this volume. 

At the usual age Henry Failing began his 
education, being sent to a school then under 
the control of the New York Public .School 
Society, an organization which has long 
ceased to exist, the management of the 
scliools being now merged into the general 
system of the board of education. Althougli 
the curricailum was not very broad, the meth- 
ods of instruction were thorough. Henry 
JMiiling cdnlinued to attend school until 
April, 181(), when he made his initial step 
in the business world by entering the count- 
ing house of L. F, de Figanere & Company 
in I'latt street as an ofhce boy. The senior 
partTier was a brother of the Portuguese 
ininisler (o the United States, while Mr. 
Itosat, another member of the firm, was a 
French merchant from Kordeaux. Tlie house 



had among its patrons manj' French dealers 
in the city and while connected with that 
establishment Mr. Failing learned to both 
speak and write the French language with 
facility and correctness. He also made 
rapid progress in business, working his way 
upward until he became an expert account- 
ant, while later he became .junior bookkeeper 
in the large dry-goods jobbing house of Eno, 
Mahoney & Company, the senior member 
being Amos R. Eno, a New Y'ork millionaire, 
who afterward told an intimate friend that 
it was one of the mistakes of his life that 
lie did not make it more of an inducement 
for Hcnrj' Failing to remain with him. How- 
ever, an uninterrupted friendship continued 
between the two men until Mr. Eno's death. 
Mr. Failing's knowledge of the importing 
business and custom house firms and dealers 
was such that the two concerns with which 
he was connected had no occasion for the 
services of a broker while he was asso- 
ciated with them. He wisely used his oppor- 
timities to gain a knowledge of business 
methods and in 1S51, when little more than 
seventeen years of age, he was better equip- 
ped for his futur(^ business career than many 
yoimg men who have far widen advantage 
and educational opportunities. 

The 15th of April, 1S51, was an important 
day in the life of Mr. Failing, for it was on 
that day, with his father and a young 
brother, John W. Failing, that he left New 
\"ork to become a resident of Oregon. They 
sailed for Charges on the isthmus of Pan- 
ama and proceeded by boat up the river of 
the same name and thence to Panama by 
mule train. On the western coast of the 
isthmus they took passage on the steamer 
Tennessee, which in due time took them to 
San Francisco, and on the 9th of June they 
arrived in Portland as passengers on the old 
steamer Columbia, which was then one of 
the fleet of the Pacific Steamship Company. 
A fellow passenger on that trip was C. H. 
Lewis, late treasurer of the water commit- 
tee, and for many years Mr. Failing and Mr. 
Lewis together annually observed the an- 
niversary of their arrival in this city. 

The following j'ear brought a great many 
people to Portland, but in 1851, the city was 
a small village, its only advantage appar- 
ently being its position on the river, bring- 
ing it into close connection with the sea. 
Father and son began the building of a store 
room on Front street, one door south of 
Oak, and in the course of time their little 
stock of goods was installed there and they 
were meeting the demands of the public in 
the lines of their trade. The father at once 
tank an active part in municipal and edu- 
cational alTairs, was chosen a member of the 
first city council in 1S52 and the following 
.year was elected mayor of Portland. He 
retired from active connection with the busi- 
ness in 1854 and Henry Failing then con- 
ducted the store under his own name. With 
the growth of the city he increased his stock 
and extended his business connections until 
he was recognized as one of the most im- 
portant factors in the commercial and finan- 
cial circles of the city. 




Hh.Nii^ 1-AU.lNi. 



THE fHNTENMAI. lllsl'oRV oF oliKduN o;, 

On the 21st of October, ISoS, was cvlv m. hin reclei'tiuh tlu-rv »prr ••! . 

bratfd the marriafie of Mr. Failing and Miss scntiii); votes. In ISTi Im- »« -.•» 

Emily Phelps Corbett, the youngest sister ii thinl term and it- •>>« 

of Hon. II. W. Corbett. formerly of this city. city he a<tv>H-uted an u 

The death of Mrs. Failing occurred in I'ort- nici|>al legiil«tii>n «li U 

land. luly S, 1S70. She was survivetl by beneticial elleit.t in I tw 

three of her four daiighters. namely: lien- U'came u member «>! tv 

rietta K., Mary V. and .Mrs. Henry C. Cabell. and when that com .-4 

whose husband. Captain Cabell is a member wa.s unanimoiHly c). i. 

of the United .States army. serving until hit' death. He ». 

It was in the year 1869 that Henry Fail- terly aggressive in |>tdili'-» !;••? 

ing entered into active connections with the (x-rsonalities. lie Ix-li- » 

financial interests of the city. He joined which he advtxiited m -l 

with his father, .losiah Failing, and the Hon. them, but he ulliiuc'! !•> 

H. W. Corbett in purchasing a controlling in- individual o|iiniun. II '>! 

terest in tiie First National I!ank of I'ort- anil poMers ol exact I 

land from A. JI. and L. M. Starr, who in lus(niti-d by hi* i«er> ■ '<• 

ISGB had been prominent in the establish- water conimittw. ¥•■ '• 

ment of the bank. From 1S(>U until his death stantially unnidiil, m 

Henry Failing served as president of the unites re<|uire<l bv I ■ 

institution, and his careful guidance, execu- i'\|>enditures of ■ *« 

tive ability and keen discrimination were next ensuing. 1 " 

salient features in the coinluct of the estab- the varieil circnin-.t.i I 

lishment, which became one of magnitmle. ered in nniking tliem ■«. 

He had no sooner assumed charge than the and some of them »i- •• 

capital stock was increased from one hun His estiniati- of the ■ " 

dred tliousand to two hundreil and lifty tenance. repair" ■•"■' " 

thousaml dolhirs. and in ISSO the latter sum is'j:'. was one \f 

was doubled, the bank being capitalized for the acttnil outbiv 

five hundred thousand dollars, while the legal two hundred unil ele»rn ■ » 

surplus and undivided profits amounted to one cents. Ili< •••timtjt.- •!«« 

more than the capital. Year after year year IsiC' was i- '] 

extensive dividends were paid to the stock- innd ilollars, »i' '' 

holders an<l the bank became recognized as lecteil were t\sf 

one of the most prominent linancial enter- sand, three hun 

prises on the coast. In .lanuary. l>iTl. .Mr. cents. His e«liNi;.i. 

Failing and Mr. Corbi'tt consolidated their year IS".i7 w«.» t»o I 

mercantile enterpri.ses. forming the tirm of thousaml dollars 1 ' 

Corbett. Failing & Company which main h^cted wim t»ii 1 

tained an existence for tweiity-two years ,.ij;l,t bundn-d i> 

and was then succeeded in the ownership the cents. Th. 

by the tirm of Corbett, Failing & Itobertson. making thi-se .- 

Something of the cosmopolitan nature of the fact is 

the interests of Mr. Failing is indicated in nations in 

the fact that not only was he one of the must I 

most distinguished and capable merchants anticii 

and bankers of Portland but was also equally -uni.-l 

active in his efforts in behalf of political. .1111..1111I 
intellectmvl and moral progress. He believed 

it the dutv as well as the privih-ge of every < ■■ 

American "citizen to support through political . i 

activity and bv bis ballot the measures that niie 

he deeineil most beneticial to the community mat" 

and to the country at large. His position „ ■ 

was never a matter of doubt. He stoo<l loy 

ally for what he believed to be right and 1 

advocated a |)olicv which he believe.l to N- 1 

both practical and ])rogressive. He was r. 

made cbairnum of the state central commit_ 

tee of the Cnion party, a combination of 

republicans and war democrats, who in HC2 vain. II- 

carried Oregon for the Inion. Two yeor. tnn«ns ,.,.. 

later, when thirty years of age. he was I 

chosen mayor of Portland an<l hi.s odminis 

tration (oiistituted an era of .levelopment. 

improvement and reform in connection With 

Portland's affairs. During his first admin 

iatration a new city charter wos olitaine.l. 

a system of street improvements mlopted 

and' much good work was done. So iiniforin 

was the indorsement of his first term thai 
Vol. II— 2 



l.'^ 



, 1 



f 






26 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



dent. He was the treasurer of the Chil- 
dren's Home and his heart and hand readied 
out in ready sympathy and aid to all who 
needed assitance. He was associated with 
William S. Ladd and H. \V. Corbett in pur- 
chasing and laying out the grounds of Kiver- 
side cemetery and the beautiful citj' of the 
dead is, as it were, a monument to his ef- 
forts in that direction. He labored earnestly 
and efl'ectively for the Portland Library As- 
sociation, of which he was president, and his 
benevolence and enterprise largely made pos- 
sible the erection of the library building. 
Coming to Portland in pioneer times, he 
lived for forty-seven years to witnes.s its 
growth and upbuilding. No duty devolving 
upon him was neglected and no opportunity 
to aid his city was passed by heedlessly. He 
was still serving as a member of the water 
commission at the time of his death and that 
committee prepared a lengthy memorial in 
his honor. In every home of the city where 
he was known — and his acquaintance was 
wide — the news of his demise was received 
with sorrow and regret. He had attached 
himself closely to his fellow townsmen not 
only by reason of his public activities but by 
those personal qvialities wliich win warm re- 
gard and enduring friendship. He was a man 
of fine personal appearance — an index of the 
larger life and broader spirit within. 

HUGH E. DENHAM is a member of the 
firm of Palmer & Denham, proprietors of a 
harness-making business in Baker. He was 
born in Columbus City, Iowa, March 29, 1857. 
His father, William Denham, was a native of 
Ohio, born in 1832, and in his boyhood days 
he went with his jiarents to Iowa and in that 
state was married in 1855 to Miss Esther Jef- 
fries, whose birth occurred in Pennsylvania in 
1833. She too had become a resident of Iowa 
when her parents established a home in that 
state. Both Mr. and Mrs. Denham remained 
residents of Columbus City until called to 
their final rest, both passing away when about 
forty years of age. He was a tailor by trade, 
but in Iowa followed the transfer business. 
In their family were seven children, three 
of whom passed early childhood: Hugh E.; 
Mrs. May Wilson, now deceased; and Mary 
Elsie, who died at the age of fourteen years. 

Hugh E. Denham resided at the place of 
his birtli until 1877 when he went to Superior, 
Nuckolls county, Nel)raska. He had pre- 
viously served an apprenticeship at the har- 
nesniaking and saddlery trade which he fol- 
lowed in that state. In September, 1880, 
he cam(> to Baker where he lived for four 
years and then went back to Colorado where 
he spent the succeeding two years. At the 
expiration of that time he again came to 
Oregon, settling in La Grande in 1889. Seven 
years passed and he then took up his abode 
in Baker where he has since lived. He has 
been a harness maker throughout his en- 
tire life and was in the employ of others 
until 1888 when he started in business for 
himself. In that year he entered into part- 
nership with Robert Palmer, with whom he 
has since been connected under the firm style 
of Palmer & Denham. They own their shop 



which is located at No. 1700 JIain street, a 
unestory building twenty by eighty feet, 
occupied entirely by them in their harness- 
making business. They are both excellent 
workmen and they also furnish employment 
to two men. This business, however, is but 
one venture of their activities. They own 
ranch lands together, comprising about five 
hundred and sixty acres under cultivation 
with other large tracts used for pasturage, 
and they are making a specialty of Percheron 
liorses, in which connection they have be- 
come widely known, being foremost in this 
business in Baker county and in fact through- 
out eastern Oregon. 

On tlie 18tli of June, 188-1, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Denham and Miss Maggie 
tiooding, who was born in Canada, March 
30, 1865. but was reared in the United States. 
In ISSl she came to Oregon with her par- 
ents, Francis and Margaret (Russell) Gooding, 
the former a native of England, the latter 
of Scotland. They were married in Canada 
and spent their last days in Baker. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Denham have been born six 
children: May M., a native of Colorado; 
William F.; Ray A., w'ho is married and 
lesides in Baker; Ethel, who died at the 
age of nine years; and Earl and Lloyd. The 
last five were born in this state. 

Mr. Denham is very prominent in fra- 
ternal relations. He belongs to both the 
subordinate lodge and encampment of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is 
also connected with the Modern Woodmen of 
America, the Woodmen of the World and the 
Knights of Maccabees. On starting out in 
life for himself Mr. Denham early recog- 
nized that diligence is the only sure founda- 
tion upon which to build success. He made 
his services of value to his employers and 
eventually was able to save from his earn- 
ings sufficient capital with which to engage 
in business on his own account. I'rom that 
point forward his progress has been con- 
tinuous, the steps in his advancement being 
easily dis.cernible. Wise use of time and 
opportunities and honorable dealings have 
been the salient features of his success. 

W. B. VAUGHN, who owns and conducts 
a liver_y stable in Baker and has various prop- 
erty interests in the county, has been iden- 
tified with the business activities of this 
city since 1900. He was born in Logan, Cash 
valley, Utah, on the 6th of .July, 1863, and 
is a son of William R. and Ellethine (Ald- 
ridge) Vaughn. The father is a native of 
^lichigan and the mother of Illinois, but 
they crossed the plains to Utah in 1848, 
residing there until they moved to Malade 
City, Idaho, and from there to near Virginia 
City, Montana, in 1870, later returning to 
Idaho. In 1889 they went to Alberta, Can- 
ada, where they remained twenty-one years. 
In 1910 they came to Baker, Oregon, where 
they now reside. They are the parents of 
five children, all of whom are living. 

The greater part of the early life of W. B. 
N'aughn was passed in the state of Idaho, 
in whose public schools he was educated. He 
remained at home with his parents until he 



THE CENTKXXIAL HISTORY OF (>ia:(iO.\ 



_< 



«as eighteen years of age, when he was 
married and started out to make his own 
way in the world. Havinjr been reared on a 
ranch he was familiar with agricultural pur- 
suits and so devoted his energies to farm- 
ing and teaming in Idaho until 1900. In that 
year he came to Baker and embarki'd in the 
livery business, with Avhich he is still con- 
nected. He has been quite successful in his 
undertakings and in addition to his busi- 
ness owns one-half interest in two thou- 
sand acres of land in Baker county. 

Mr. Vaughn was married in 1882 to Miss 
Helen A. Brooks, who was born and reared 
in Utah, and they are now the parents of 
live children, as follows: L. W., who is 
located in Surprise valley, California: Klla, 
Anna Laura, Guy K. and Waldo 15.. all of 
whom are at home. 

Mr. Vaughn is a member of the First 
Baptist church, and fraternally 's aflUiated 
with Klkhorn Lodge. No. 1G6, L <). 0. F., iiv 
which he has held all of the chairs; and he 
also belongs to the l»\iritans and the Modern 
Woodmen of America. The political views 
of Mr. \aughn coincide with the principles 
of the democratic party, for whose candidates 
he casts his ballot. " He has made many 
warm friends in Baker during the ])eriod of 
his residence here, as he possesses the qual- 
ities that commend him to the respect and 
esteem of those with whom he has dealings. 

HILARY J. TWISS. Unfaltering indus- 
try has been the basis of the s\iccess won 
by Hilary J. Twiss, who is now a hardware 
merchant of Baker where he has made his 
home since 1877. Outside of business con- 
nections there are other interesting chapters 
in his life record, for he is numbered among 
the veterans of the Civil war and has always 
stood for progressive citizenship. lie was 
born in Baltimore. Maryland, April 21. 184:1. 
and his lather Hilary Twiss. Sr.. was also 
a native of that city. In the meantime he 
wedded Martha Ann Burk. who was bom 
and reared in I'liiladelphia. Pennsylvania. 
They began their domestic life in IVnnsyl- 
vania but after a few years removed to 
.lefferson county. Ohio, where their remain 
ing days were" passed. The father was a 
wagon maker, carpenter and woodworker be- 
fore the days when most of the work of 
that character was done by machinery. 

Hilary .T. Twiss was the eighth in order 
of birtii in a family of ten children. He 
and his younger brother, Samuel, ser\ed as 
soldiers of the Civil war and an elder brother, 
•lohn. enlisted but was taken ill and .lied. 
Hilary .1. Twi.ss was a youth of eighteen 
years" when he otTereil his services to the 
government, joining Company F. of the 
Thirtv second C)hio Volunteer lnfnntr>-. in 
Augu.st. 1801. He served for tw.. years and 
was then honorably discharged but reeii 
listed in the twenty-sixth Ohio Inde|Niiil 
ent Battery with which he served until ^-p 
tember 15. ISO.",. He took part in tli.- •i, 
gagements at Alleghany, Virginin 
Cross Keyes, Kort fiihsoii. Mi-*^;- 
mond. Champion s Hill and the sic;. 
burg, hesidi- many minor engngemenW. lie 



served as corpurul ,u «l Ibe 

close of the war »*» * ijun. 

Me was with his r<-gim>iit aH iiv, 

never In-ing abneiit from duty an 'y 
and lidelity were never <|Ue«lion«-.i 

When the war was ov^r Mr. Twt«a f»- 

tiirneil to Ohio and in I'** ' - " -• itI- 

vaiiia, he learm-d the .-ttr)" .-k 

he followed until a !•■" !>• 

e-tablished his har.b^ ■ ?7 

lie came to Itaker » '■■ 

sided and in lUOS he u|n'iird hi» : '». 

He carries a go«xl line of sh--' >jr 

hardware and the biisin. - in 

a most satisfactory nmn •«> 

the owner of thirteen In 

of the city within tli' "J 

in addition he owns 1..- , " •! 

No. 20 IS Center «tri-rt, ami hi« horn* at 
No. 220.'. Second strwt. 

In 1S72 Mr. Twiss was m« '■«• 

Maria C. Merrill, who "n« Un- it. 

I)ecemb<>r 17. 1S49, n "J 

Klizabith (Taylor) M •« 
of Kentucky in whicli -' 
accidently shot. The ni"' 

lor many years, dying at i.i- 

daughter, Mr«. Twiss, in I'MO. 

Ill his |K>litic«l view« M' Iv»i«« K** al- 
ways Ix-eii a republican. »' ••J' 
the' party which was !•• '*• 
union during the dark ilays ul lli' ' »'1l 
war and has always b«-eii »hf i*«r«» "* n 
form and progress. Me " 
lelatioiis with his old arlIl^ 
his memb»Tship in .!• • " 

i;. A. K., of llnk.T. «■> 

the [ndep<-ndent "■ '" 
all matters of 
loyal to his cou: 

lowed the old llaR upon Ihr Uit«Wlwi-U -< 
the south. 



BIRD SPAULDING T»w. 

of the well kni' 
A \aiighn is !'• 

ill \'irgiiiia mi 
ents. WiNiiii iii> 

\ 

!■, \\ 

remainder "I Ihnt 
liorn si\ ihildrrn. ' 
vive. 

Aftor rmwirlnir a romnion •'I 

l: 



Mntor BivaWf 



koel MiwatlMi 



(irctor ""■ 
owed fnr 



■bip of l"o ttMHwaibl A^tt* 



UaL 



28 



THE (KNTHXXIAI. HISTORY OK OREGON 



I'olitieally Jli'. Spauldiiig is a ii'imblicaii 
luiil altliougli lie has never been an office 
«eeker or taken ranch interest in politics, 
he served for two years as deputy sheriff 
while a resident of Montana. He belongs 
to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
being one of the local lodge 's most efficient 
and popular members. Having been actively 
engaged in business in Baker City and Baker 
count.y since 1899, Mr. Siiaulding lias be- 
come well known to an unusually large num- 
ber of people, and is popular in business, 
social and fraternal circles. His Imsiness 
ability is everywhere recognized and. being 
possessed with that spirit which character- 
izes most pioneers, he abounds in good fellow- 
ship and geniality. He is one of Baker 
Citys most respected business men and his 
<lealiiigs in business affairs have always been 
of the higlicst order as regards integrity and 
lidiiesty. 

ELLIS G. HUGHES, There arc some men 
whose Ii\cs are spectacular in that their acts 
are constantly the subject of public discus- 
sion, while others, accomplishing what they 
undertake, never seek notoriety and care lit- 
tle for public honors. Such was Ellis (i. 
Hughes, and Portland owes much to him for 
the splendid and effective work which he 
did in behalf of the city and its develop- 
ment. He was long known here as one of 
the prominent |iioneers. leading lawj'ers and 
capitalists of Portland. All who "came in 
contact with him recognized his genuine 
worth, his marked business ability and his 
undaunted entcriirise and devotion to the 
public good. For thirty years he was a lead- 
ing figure in the business circles of Portland 
and «as recognized, moreover, as one of the 
most capable lawyers of this city. He came 
to Oregon in IST,"?. 

He was a native of Iowa City, born De- 
cember 29, 1844, and his youthful training 
was such as instilled into his mind lessons 
that bore rich fruit in later years. He came 
west to look over the country and. being fa- 
vorabl.v impressed with the outlook of Port- 
land, soon after formed a partnership with 
Governor (Jibbs. Later he became represen- 
tative of several Scotch loan companies and 
gave the initiative to and was the principal 
oiganizer of the first offices devoted to the 
publicity of Portland. He bent his energies 
largely to the work of exploiting Oregon's 
natural resources that the country might 
know what opportunities were offered and 
thai the enteri>rise and energy of the east 
might lie employed in the upbuilding of a 
great loiiiniiiiiwealth here. It was through 
Mr. Iluglics' elfints that a car of exhibition 
was sent tlirougliout the east about twenty 
five years ago, that the older sections of tlie 
country might learn of what was being pro- 
duced upon the coast and thus judge of the 
ojipir tnnities and possibilities liere to be 
f<iniid. 

The practice ol' law was his chosen life 
work and in the conduct of legal interests 
before the court lu' displaveil marked ability 
that was based upon a thorough understand- 
ing of legal principles. In the trial of cases 



his preparation was thorougli and in tlie ]iies 
entation of his cases his arguments were 
logical, forceful and convincing. lie soon 
won recognition as one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Portland bar, and yet he did not 
confine his attention entirely to his law 
practice. There were even wider interest.s 
in his life as he cooperated with the move- 
ments for the public good. Moreover, he 
demonstrated his faith in the future of his 
city b,y his investment in real estate. In 
liis later years he retired altogether from 
the practice of law and gave his supervision 
to his investments. His. judgment was 
rarely, if ever, at fault concerning the value 
of real estate and its possible rise or diminu- 
tion in price. He therefore purchased prop- 
ert.y which in time brought to him splendid 
financial returns. He was also one of the 
most forceful figures in effecting the organ- 
ization of the Portland Hotel Company, which 
in building the Portland hotel met a much 
felt want of that day. His business judg- 
ment was almost unerring and the sound- 
ness of his opinion was recognized by all 
who were prominent in the business life of 
the city. 

On the 37th of Xovembcr, 1877. Mr. 
Hughes contracted a second marriage. By a 
former marriage was born a son. who died 
in earlv childhood, and a daughter. Louise 
.T., now the wife of JIajor C, H. Martin, of 
the United States army. avIio is stationed at 
Vancouver barracks. Major ;Martin and wife 
have three children, EUis Ilnghes, Samuel 
Holly and Jane Louise. 

It was on the 27th of August. 1909, that 
Mr. Hughes was called to his final rest. 
Aside fiom his business connections with 
the city, he was one of the organizers and 
charter members of the Arlington Club, and 
he was also one of those who !5;ave financial 
support to the company which erected the 
Chamber of Commerce. He led the organ- 
ization of the Chamber of Commerce for the 
exploitation of Portland and Oregon and 
opened up a field which has materially added 
to the population and wealth of tiie city. 
At the time of his death a meeting of the 
bar was called to pass suitable resolutions, 
and on this occasion one who knew Mr, 
Hughes said: "He was a man who was 
marked for his quiet but effective work. He 
was one of the most active factors in bring- 
ing about the passage of the port of Portland 
bill and the formation of the port of Port- 
land commission, without which he would 
not have the commerce that Portland enjoys. 
For the effective service he rendered to liis 
cit.v in many ways, and for the quiet, un- 
ostentatious manner in which he accomplished 
results, he should be honored by the com 
munity at large." On the same occasion an- 
other said of him, in pa.ving tribute to his 
abilit,v as an attorney: ■'His learning, abil- 
it.V and conduct before tlie courts provide an 
example which all members of the bar, 
young and old, woidd do well to follow. His 
life attracted people by its marked serenit.v," 
111 the resolution adopted by the Portland 
bar, he was designated as "a man' of high 
character and reputation, an accomplished 




KU.ls <; 



Ill-: (KNTKNXIAI, IllSTOKV (iK OKKtJON 



:tl 



gentleman, a faithful liusbaiul atnl lather, 
a lawyer of ability. learniii;^ ami lectitiule, 
and a useful ainl "looil citizen who took a 
prominent and ell'eotive part in public af- 
fairs of the community in which he lived." 

HENRY KOPITTKE, occupying a credit- 
able position in tlie business circles of Pen- 
dleton, his labors constituting an element 
in commercial progress and development 
there, is now president of the Pendleton 
Ice & Cold Storage Company and a whole- 
sale and retail dealer in woixl and eoal. lie 
was born in Germany on the Ittli of Oc- 
tober, 1S55, and is a son of Charles Kop- 
ittke, who died in that country. The son 
was reared at liome, aecpiiring his educa- 
tion in the public schools of his native land, 
and when twenty years of age he came to 
the United States, settling first in Wiscon- 
sin where he worked for a timi' in a saw- 
mill, lie afterward secured a position at 
gardening, spending three years in Wis- 
consin, following which time he sought a 
home on the I'aiilic coast, making his way 
to California, wlicre he worketl on a cattle 
ranch about thirty miles south of San Fran- 
cisco. Four or live years were spent in that 
way and on the expiration of that period he 
removed to Chicago, where for a year he 
was employed in a brickyard. He then re- 
turned to the Pacific coast country, taking 
up his abode in Dayton, Washington, where 
he was again employed in connection with 
the manufacture of brick. After a brief 
period he went to Walla Walla and .soon 
afterward to (hangeville, Washington, 
where be acted as steward of the cook house 
run in connection with the construction of 
the (Iregon-Washington Ilailroad & Naviga- 
tion Company. He filled that position while 
the road was being built into Pendleton 
and was also the owner of two teams which 
he utilized in the construction of the road. 
After completing the gnuling of the road 
into Pendleton ho worked his teams at 
hauling wheat and other things in and near 
this city Ibrongli the following winter. Sub- 
sequently he engaged in freighting from 
Umatilla to Pendleton for more than a year 
and in fact devoted his time and energies 
to teaming and freighting for about two 
.years. With the capital he thus ac(piire<l 
he opened a feed store in Pendleton, con- 
ducting a feed yard and chop mill and 
eventually extending the scope r>f his busi- 
ness to include ice and wood. For eight or 
ten years be carried on bu-iness along tho«e 
lines" and during that period also conducted 
a general store at Meacham. He likewise 
engaged extensively in cutting wood ami 
ice at that place and in lOOS he orgnni/ed 
the Pendleton Ice & Cold Storage Company, 
of which he was elected president. Ili-i 
business has grown year by year until »< 
the head of the Ice 4 Colil Storage Company 
and as a wholesale and retail di'aler in 
wood and eoal he controls a large trade, 
making him one of the representative lani 
ness men of the city. Ilis methods have al- 
ways been progressive and his ch«e appli- 



eatioii and energy have br«n wlical fnilur** 

III Ills success. 

In IsHi; .Mr. Kopittke w». mnrrie,! tr, Mlaa 
Susanna Stiilw-nliurt, of I'. .„!„ 

th.in were lH>rn six chill. ,„ 

are now living: Kdiia, • 
Sutton, of Penilleti>n, ui: 
In his |Kditical views .Mi 
publicau but dm-s not n, 

belongs to Pendleton I.o.; i- 

and also to the Improvnl • 
the .Modern Woodmen ••( 
Fraternal tlrder of I 
govern his conduct .. 
the fact that he is a in. mm 
church, to the siip|Mirl oi 
iites lilierally. His li- 
iiseful life and whil. 
career he was conn 
ciilties and obstacles he has 
and |«'rsisf..ii»!y \v<>rl;>s| In, 
until now li. ,^( 

enviable p.. .>( 

his adopliii .ii\ II, 
to regret his deteri 
the fatherland »-■ " 
many other (•• 
found the oppori ■ 

in their iinprovemenc ha« gaiiMd a rnmlurl 
able et»mpetence. 

WILLIAM C. MILLER, wb.. ha. l-.-t .. 

tired for tlii' past t! 
his honie in ISakcr i 
for a iiuiiiImt "i • 
liiisiness as a 
birth iiri-iiir..l 

-'line. Ml 

.Margin ,, 

wise nativis ■>■ tliul •^•n- 
foltowi^il the profession • 
at one place for a | 
years, having; olilain< 
(Hiintmenl " ' 
many. In 
Init'ed Sill' 
long jMTiiir 
iiig Irioii t 
the state I.: 
of four ehil 
i-i'ascd ; I '1. 
The h.-t 



In IS- 
ing in 

Maker lit), 
lu< plarp n 

II. 

I - 



binrk. 



32 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



On the 1st of October, 1876, Mr. Miller 
was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Jane 
Rogers. After her demise he was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Miss Dora 
C. Conrey and talcing place on the 27th of 
April, 1908. Her parents were Henry and 
Elizabeth (Rogers) Conrey, the former a na- 
tive of Ohio and the latter of Ocean county, 
New Jersey. Henry Conrey followed the pro- 
fession of school teaching for a number of 
years but in later life embarked in the saw- 
mill business. He passed away on the 19th 
of May, 1903, having for about six years 
survived his wife, who was called to her final 
rest on the 8th of October, 1897. Mrs. Dora 
C. Miller was born in Point Isabell, Ohio, on 
the 18th of September, 1855, and was one of 
a family of nine children, six of whom sur- 
vive, as follows: Frederick, who is a resi- 
dent of Springfield, Ohio; Mrs. Miller; Alice, 
the w^ife of E .W. Davies, of West Elkton, 
Ohio; Edwin Forest, living in Bethel, Ohio; 
Georgie, the wife of I. L. Layeock, of Bethel. 
Ohio; and Abbie, who gave her hand in mar- 
riage to J. F. Shinkle, of Richmond, Indiana. 
Those who have passed away are William, 
Ann Athelia and Robert Lee. 

Mr. Miller gives his political allegiance to 
the republican party but aside from exercis- 
ing his right of franchise, has never taken a 
very active interest in politics. Fraternally 
he is identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, having been a member of 
that organization for fifty-three years. He 
also belongs to the State Historical Society. 
His religious faith is indicated by his mem- 
bership in the tresbyterian church, to which 
his wife also belongs. He has remained a 
resident of Oregon from pioneer times down 
to the present and has not only witnessed 
but aided the work of development and prog- 
ress along many lines. He has now passed 
the seventy-sixth milestone on this earthly 
pilgrimage and his life has ever been such 
that he can look back over the past without 
regret and forward to the future without 
fear. 

ROY A. LINSNER is one of the leading 
and progressive men of Pilot Rock, Umatilla 
county, Oregon. He is one of the large 
stockholders in the Pilot Hardware Company 
of this city. He was born in Nunda. New 
York, on August 27, 1879, a son of George 
W. and Elizabeth (Turner) Linsner. His 
parents moved to Oregon in the year 1891, 
locating some eight miles northeast of Pen- 
dleton in Umatilla county. Having located 
in a desirable farming section of the county 
George W. Linsner engaged in farming, spe- 
cializing in growing wheat. For a period of 
eight years he continued in this branch of 
agriculture but later disposed of all his 
farming interests here and removed to a lo- 
cation about fifteen miles south of Pilot 
Hock, where he became interested in the 
raising of stock, to which business he gave 
his attention during the remainder of his 
life, which was brought to a close July S5, 
1910. Mrs. Linsner, who survives. " now 
makes her home in Pilot Rock. 



Roy A. Linsner was reared in his father's 
Iiome and acquired his elementary education 
in the district school. He remained under 
the parental roof, giving his time and serv- 
ices largely to the interest of his father's 
farm until he was nineteen years of age. In 
1905 he started on his own career, beginning 
in a small way as a ranchman. He had, pre- 
vious to leaving home, obtained a small herd 
of cattle which he cared for, using the open 
public range as pasture land. In 1908 he 
moved to Pilot Rock and at this time en- 
gaged in the hardware business, purchasing 
a stock interest in the already established 
and well known hardware house of Thomas 
Jaques. Since his original investment in this 
business he has devoted his entire time to 
its intei'ests. 

Mr. Linsner was married on June 12,. 1909, 
to Miss Nanna Kennison, who is a native of 
Pilot Rock, Oregon. Mr. Linsner is a mem- 
ber of the Alta Lodge, No. 1G5, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of Pilot Rock. He ia 
also a member of the Alta Lodge of Rebek- 
ahs; of the Umatilla Camp, No. 27, I. 0. 0. 
1''., of Pendleton; and of Tribe No. 27, Im- 
proved Order of Redmen. In politics he is a 
democrat and has served one term as mem 
her of the town council. He is a well known, 
popular and successful business man, atten- 
tive to his interests and always ready to 
lend his influence and ability to the promo- 
tion of any measure tending to improve the 
social and educational interests of county 
and state. 

JOSEPH EUSTACE, who for forty-five 
years was actively associated with the busi- 
ness interests of Baker City, was born in 
Connecticut in 1827. His youth was spent 
in the state of his nativity, where he also 
received a common-school education. When 
he attained his majority Mr. Eustace bade 
adieu to his native state with its associa- 
tions and activities and came to California, 
making the journey by water. This was in 
1850 and the great gold excitement had not 
yet ceased to bring adventurous spirits from 
the east, attracted by the many tales of 
fortunes gained in a year or two. Upon 
his arrival in California, Mr. Eustace en- 
gaged in mining, a business which he fol- 
lowed for eight years with varying success. 
In 1858 he decided to press farther north and, 
going to Oregon in 1863 he settled in Auburn, 
Baker county, where he again engaged in 
mining. After a time he gave up that busi- 
ness and purchased a ranch three miles 
northeast of Baker City, upon which he 
raised various farm crops and specialized in 
stock-growing. After a considerable period 
spent in this employment Mr. Eustace sold 
his farm and engaged in the hide, fur and 
wool business in Baker City. After follow- 
ing that business for a time he became a 
hardware dealer but in 1900 he retired from 
active aft'airs and continued to lead a retired 
life until his death, which occurred in Baker 
City, November 27. 1906. 

In 1902 Mr. Eustace was married to Mrs. 
Sarah Lewis, who was born in Greene county, 
Ohio. In 1838 she removed with her parents 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKV OF OjiKliUN 



33 



to Iowa, where she lived until 1887, when 
she emigrated to N'ew Mexico, residing there 
until 1898, when she came to Baker City, 
Oregon. It was here that she became ac- 
quainted with Joseph Eustace, their mar- 
riage occurring in this city. Airs. Eustace, 
who survives her husband, is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, ot which 
she is a regular attendant and a liberal sup- 
porter. 

Mr. Eustace was a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, an order in 
which he took an active interest, manifesting 
in his well ordered life the ennobling prin- 
ciples espoused and taught by Odd Fellow- 
ship. For nearly a half-century .(oseph 
Eustace lived in Baker county. He brought 
with him the financial resources which he 
had accumulated during the earlier period of 
his life, eight years of which were spent in 
the gold mines of California. He came in 
the vigor of his early manhood and cast in 
his lot with this county when it was in an 
extremely primitive state of development 
and when the labors of a man of his stamp 
and calibre were more noticeable and, in 
fact, more needed than in the present day 
of our superior civilization. The same quali- 
ties of industry, economy and perseverance 
which Mr. Eustace displayed while a miner of 
California he exhibited throughout his life 
work in Baker county. He labored early and 
late, out of season and in season, never for- 
getting, however, in the midst of his toil and 
care to be a Good Samaritan to those in 
need who knocked at his door or who came 
under his observation. The habits and traits 
of character which he exhibited throughout 
the period of his residence in Baker county 
served to make liim the center of a large 
circle of warm personal and business friends, 
while his indefatigable industry and his well 
directed business efforts resulted in gaining 
for him large property interests, the owner- 
ship and direction of which now rest with his 
widow. He was for nearly half a century a 
prominent figure in the business interests of 
Baker county and in fact he was one of the 
leading business men of Baker City for over 
a quarter of a century. -Mr. Kiistnce halt 
left Upon this city ami county the impres.i 
of his life and labors in such a way as to Ix- 
plainly noticeable for many years to come. 

LEWIS E. ROY is the senior member of 
the firm of Roy & Done, general blacksmiths 
and machinists of Pilot Rock, Oregnn, He 
has been one of the useful and prominent 
citizens of that place for nearly a quarter of 
a century, having served n» mayor two. and 
a half terms and also as a member of the 
town council for several terms. FIi« birth 
occurred in Yamhill county, Oregon, on the 

nth of June, 1861. his parents I •-- " ' 

S. and Sarah P. (Morris) Roy. w' 

lives of Miisouri and Wisconsin i 

Daniel S. Roy and Sarah P. M'>- 

Oregon as children with their re-i 

ents, who crossed the plains with o\ l..»ni» 

in 1851. The Roy fatnily establisherl their 

residence in Washington county «nd the 

Morris family located in Yamhill eounty. 



Oregon. Immediately fnll«win- the iiurri«cv 
of Daniel S. Roy Ih Huom la 

Washington county, itiMd lo 

live the remaining ||i* 

earthly pilgriiii.i;;e v ^,,, 

IS'Jl, "but his \v^- >im1 

maintains her t- 

Ix'wis E. Ko_\ .f 

iiis maternal gtuiidin»tii>-r. A« a 
received his early e«lucatt<m In O 
schools ami remuiiicd in .i* 

grandparent until llltfcii Al 

that [K-riml in li ' • 
the bunlen cii - 
in the wurld dcj.. ... 
and his habits of iiil 
first occupation ult- 
mother's iiome was that oi 
wood. After this he "(>>.itn<-.| 
ging ditches and for 
himself in doing all 
that came to hand. \\ 
opportunity to make an li 
i|uii'k to taki- udvaii^ — 
and careful to save 
peiises. .\t the i-. 
gaged as an a| 
shop of W. R. l; 
remained in that im 
four years. He thii 
the blacksmithiii 
boro. H'Te he 
year<. At tin- 
spent the sui ' ■ 
journeyman blai\. .. 
get Sound country, 
his trade in the \ • 

that heavily tr -» 

established his < "'• 

tilla county, on ; 
propertv in wl 

1,; ■ • ■■ 
u 

as on 
ilate < 

On tlie ^otii 
wjis united in ^* 
a ihiiik'hler of ' 
eiirlv pioni-i-r •• 
ii.id'Mr. i: 
M.tr\ in I. 
\v li'trii iir*' 
Ivoy M .1 
fi.r twt> ur - 
inciMiilirnt o< ' 
|:.,.-k. In this 
self 
nf ri 



•lAMil Ultf* 



34 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



in coiiinieicial circles throughout this i>ortioii 
of tlie state. He is one of the men to be de- 
pended upon to give whatever intiuence he 
has to the support and advancement of any 
enterprise augmenting the welfare of the 
people of Pilot Rock and Umatilla county. 

WILLIAM K. SMITH. To the energetic 
nature and strong mentality of such men as 
William K. Smitli is due tlie development 
and ever increasing prosperity of Portland. 
His career has been one of activity, full of_ 
incidents and results. In every sphere of life 
in which he has acted he has left an indelible 
inrpress through his ability and tireless en- 
ergy that never stops short of the attain- 
ment of its purpose. He first visited Port- 
land in 1854. Returning in 1869, with the 
experience of previous residence in Oregon 
and in California through the days of pioneer 
development, he joined his interests at once 
with those of the growing city and his efforts 
have since been a resultant feature in its 
further ])rogress and promotion. He is today 
numbered with Portland's capitalists and the 
most envious cannot grudge him his success 
.so worthily has it been won through activity 
in industrial and financial circles. At the age 
of eight.V'si.K years he remains one of the 
city's most honored and venerable residents. 

Mr. Smith was born in Fayette county, 
Pennsylvania, August ?,. 182(5. a son of Peter 
and Barbara (Showalter) Smith, the former 
of English lineage and the latter of Holland 
Dutch descent. The birth of .James O. Blaine 
occurred in the same town where Mr. Smith 
spent his early youth. The father was a 
faruu'r and carpenter who removed from the 
Keystone state to Ohio when his son William 
was but six years of age. He settled upon 
a tract of land in Cleimont county, where he 
engaged in fanning until his removal to In- 
diana. He was afterward a resident of Illi- 
, nois and later of Texas, his death occurring 
in the l^one Star state, while his wife passed 
away in Ohio. 

The removals of the family made William 
K. Smith at different times a pujiil in the 
public schools of Pennsylvania. Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois and Alabama. Witli the family he 
went to Texas and there worked upon the 
home farm until eighteen years of age. Then 
leaving the parental roof, he went to Ala- 
liama. where he again attended school and 
also engaged in clerking for his uncle, a mer- 
chant and physician, with whom he also 
read medicine. After five years spent in Ala- 
bama William K. Smith went to La Grange, 
Te.xas, w^here he was employed as a clerk in 
a mercantile establishment. Before he left 
Texas he had earned a cow and calf by 
splitting rails. He left the cattle there and 
went to .Mabama. When he returned to 
Texas, he fouiul himself (he owner of the 
nucleus of a small herd of cattle. Inereas 
ing ibis by |iurcliase, he was soon a fairly 
extensive stock -rai.sor. At this jieriod he also 
engaged in the strenuous undertaking of 
teaching school in a frontier community. An 
amusing memory of these days is the aston- 
ishing (hough eiiphonicnis cognomen of one of 
liis pupils, • Thomas .\. Didymus Christopher 



Ilohnes Peter Cadwallader Harrison .Jones 
( hadowen." 

-Air. .Smitli's education had been frequently 
Intel ru])ted by the stern necessity of earning 
a livelihood. Energetic and ambitious though 
lie was for material success, he fully realized 
tlLat intellectual training w'as of paramount 
Importance. Urged by this consideration, we 
lind him next making his way to St. Louis 
where lie completed a course in a commercial 
college, and after that attending Shurtleff 
College at Alton, Illinois. He was for a short 
time the owner of a brickyard in St. Louis, 
and furnished the brick used in the historic 
Planters Hotel. He also engaged in the hotel 
business. 

While there Mr. Smith formed a company 
to cross the plains, being attracted (o the 
west by the fact that he had a brother. 
■Joseph S. Smith, afterward a congressman 
from Oregon, who was living upon the Pacific 
coast and who sent back favorable reports 
concerning its opportunities and possibilities. 
William K. Smith left St. T^ouis with about 
eighty head of cattle and fine horses, with 
a few men to assist him in the care of his 
stock in crossing the plains. His horses, how- 
ever, were stolen on the journe.v. The party 
had considerable experience with the Indians 
while crossing the plains and were constantly 
on the alert for fear of an attack. Day after 
day they traveled on over the hot stretches 
of sand and through the mountain passes 
until their eyes were gladdened by the green 
valleys of California. Soon after reaching 
the (iolden Cafe Mr. Smith sold his cattle and 
turned his attention to mining. But not find- 
ing the gold in the country that he had 
anticipated, he opened a small store on the 
McCallum river. After living in California 
for about a year he decided to visit his 
brother, .Joseph S. Smith, who had settled 
with his family on Whidby's island, Puget 
Sound, Washington territory. This journe}' 
took him. in 185-1. through Portland, then a 
new and unimportant settlement. From 
Portland to his destination the arduous trip 
was made on horse back. Arriving at dusk 
at his brother's log house, he was at first 
received with scant welcome by his brother 
who, not having seen him for several years 
and receiving no news of his coming, failed 
to recognize the tall, bearded stranger. His 
brother's baby boy, however, seemed quaintly 
enough to notice the kinship, as tugging at 
his mother's apron he lisped "Mamma — two 
papas," After a short visit with his brother 
Mr. Smith rttraced his steps to Salem, Ore- 
gon Territory, where he purchased fiom Dr. 
Wilson (whose donation land claim was the 
original town site of Salem) a drug store 
which included also a stock of books, paints, 
oils and general merchandise. This store he 
couducted with great success for fifteen years, 
securing an extensive trade from the town 
lind surrounding country. 

During this period he established the w'ater 
system of Salem, bringing in an unlimited 
supply of fine water from the Santiam 
river. He secured the controlling interest 
in the Salem Woolen Mills and associated 
with himself in (lie management of the enter- 



THE CENTKNXIAL IIISTOKV OF OKKdON ;;7 

].iise, J. F. Millir. H. W. Coiiiett, W. S. Laild. ..i tlit- iiitun'. h.- « 

L. F. Crover. J. S. Smith and Uaiiiel WaMo. aluii<; liiips timt ■• 

These mills made the first shipment of wool in the exlenHinn oi I', 

sent to tlie east from the Pacific coast. With est and mMneetinn. \\ 

practically the same associates he built the Kiilliii;; mid II. W 

first large Hourinjr mills and an immense lirst money rei|u « 

wheat warehouse. These, the hiygest mills Hull linn sv.steni « 

on the coast, were operated hy water power memlier of the >, 

from Santiam river. During this period l«eing one of the i' 

he acquired the McMinnville Flouring .Mills, resentative InMly. H.- 

trading to Robert Kinney, his woolen mill as a leailing tlnan'-i'-r 

stock for a ranch of a thousand acres, stocked identified with t' 

with fine horses and the MiMinnville mills. which was oream 

In such manner the extent and importance of iM-eanie vicr : 

his business interest were a prominent and or*. He wn '« 

etTective feature in Salem's progress and com- of the (onu 

mercial prosperity. nient was !>!■ 

He established a l)rancli store at Silverton, lion of mm • 

a town now well known as the home of the lie was vice president »ii<t ili" - 

late artist Homer Daveui>ort, and another one .Vinsworth Honk, lie wn^ ••«•• 

at Dayton. Today he derives keen pleasure iiiofers anil owner* o' 1 

in touring through these thriving towns ami lie contributed to 11^ » 

recalling the sites of his former business proven t us th.- 

ventures, though often the oldest inhabitant house on the h v -» 

is requisitioned to pick out the altered build- in IsTti. lie w»- 

ing where fiftv years ago \V. K. Smith sold of the «lre.'t r . 

•Drngs. Books, Paints & Ceneral Merchan- being among th. 

,ljs,p '? • cable ear i-ompony, < 

The following is a facsimile of one of the he lost eon.il.mMr 

iKisters used in the Salem store. "O. T.", '<•"""»: «•"• ' 

(Oregon Territory) indicates a date prior to "luestmn oi 

isso" since Oresin was admitted as a state eonslituting ii.. t. - 

in February of that year. !'"-"' '•,^': 'i'" „•.";; '\ 



C«^ aS^<^^i^r^^L>='^€.>0'«S^ 



ten-ited With II. 
Iir->t railwiiy in 

til.' .Iii|>l'in'.' '■'!- 
11. 111... 1 !■ 

h,- , h.irt. , 

tl - !■ 

Ill- 1... 



fg FROM ^ ''.'!.'.';,■', 'r "that" o'.r 

i w. K. SMITH & CO., ji ;i?,;;r."*''' 

•(^ UEAlEliS IN C; .•«>>!'--■ 'Y 

§ BOOKS & STATIONERY. ^ " 

■^ S.ir.M. O. T. I ; 

Seeking still broader field- of labor and r- 

alizing that Portland had natural ndviinlngis 

which in time must make it n eltv ..l lart-e 

interest, Mr. Smith severed his I.m 

nections with Salem and in I 

identified with the imlnstrial life .i ■• ■•- ■ 

City. He established » sawmill and lliu- 

began the maniilacluie of lumber. Throiich 

the intervening vears lie lia-. 1 n .•■nii'-t-l 

with an indii-trv which ha- be. ii .ind i- on.- 

of the chief sources of revenue to the «tate. 

At one time he owned and op.Tnt«l throe 

sawmills and although two of 

since been burned he is still the 

saw and shingle mill. I^'oking '".•;; .„,„,...., i h>« U>t 

exigencies of the moment to the po«il.ilitie. mlrr.- 1 h„ W 



38 



THE CENTExNNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



house built in the settlement and afterward 
of the first business store, a shingled building. 
It is now covered with a substantial brieU 
building, in which, at No. 203 Washington 
street, Mr.' Smith maintains his office. 

It is impossible in so short a sketch to give 
more than the merest outline of the career of 
W. K. Smith, a romance inextricably inter- 
woven with the development of the country, 
south, southwest, middle west and northwest. 
Farmer, clerk, druggist, school teacher, stock- 
raiser, hotel keeper, mine worker and mine 
owner, merchant, manufacturer, ship owner, 
banker, man of affairs, — through all the 
kaleidoscopic changes of the west, W. K. 
Smith has moved, quiet and alert, with an 
indomitable will that no reverses could 
daunt; with an unshaken faith in himself, in 
his chosen country, the northwest, and in hi.s 
own. 

Reviewing his struggles, the difficulties 
which he conquered, and the courage and 
resource that never failed him, one readily 
recalls the poet's lines: 
"It matters not how straight the gate, 
How charged with punishment the scroll. 
I am the master of my fate, 
I am the captain of my soul." 
In San Francisco in 1864 Mr. Smith was 
united in marriage to Debbie H. Harker, a 
sister of General Charles Harker. who won 
his title by service in the Civil war. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith were born si.x children: 
Eugenia, the wife of T. Harris Bartlett, of 
Idaho, and the mother of one child, Barbara 
S.; William TC. Jr.. who is living' in Port- 
land; Victor H., who is a graduate of the 
Willamette Medical College, the Virginia 
Medical College and the Medical College of 
New York and is now successfully engaged 
in the practice of medicine in Portland; 
Joseph H.. connected with the Portland 
Electric Light Company, who married (Jer- 
trude Eger and has two children, Josephine 
and Deborah Anne; Charles H.. who died 
when four years of age; and Sumner who 
was drowned in the Willamette river sav- 
ing the life of a young lady whose rescue 
he effected at the cost of his own life. 

While Mr. Smith does not hold membership 
with any religious denomination, he has 
contributed liberally to the building of 
churches, including botli the Methodist and 
Episcopal churches at Salem. He was also 
a generous donor to the Willamette Uni- 
versity at Salem and furnished the ground 
upon which they built the Willamette Med- 
ical School in Portland — a property of which 
he obtained possession later by purchase. 

From boyhood days, when he read by the 
flickering light by the fireplace, he has been 
a student and devoted admirer of the great 
authors. TTis favorite poets are Pope and 
Thomas Moore and he often surprises and 
charms his listeners with a gi'aceful and apt 
((uotntion from the satire of the one or the 
mournful sweetness of the other. Naturally 
he became a strong supporter, financially 
and otherwise, of the old Portland Librarv 
Association and wns a life member and 
director of that body. Since the old asso- 
ciation was taken over by the city arid 



became a free public library he has had an 
unabated interest in its welfare and still 
serves as director and a prominent member 
of important committees. 

His cooperation has ever been counted 
upon to further progressive public measures 
and his labors have been of far-reaching 
effect and importance. He thoroughly en- 
joys home life and takes great pleasure in 
the society of his family and friends. He 
is always courteous, kindly and affable and 
those who know him personally — and he 
is widely known throughout the state — 
have for him a warm regard. A man of great 
natural ability, his success in business from 
the beginning of his residence in Portland 
has been uniform and rapid and while he 
has long since passed the age when most 
men put aside business cares, he yet man- 
ages his investments and his interests and 
his business discernment is as keen and his 
judgment as sound as it was two or three 
decades ago. All hough the snows of manj' 
winters have whitened his hair, in spirit and 
interest he seems yet in his prime and out 
of his wisdom and his experience he gives 
for the benefit of others. 

JESSE F. ERNST is tlie well known pro- 
prietor of a fish market on Resort street, 
Baker City, which was originally established 
by his father. He is a native of Portland 
and a son of Frederick K. and Sarah Frances 
(Stephman) Ernst. The father was born in 
Hanover, Germany, on the 21st of February, 
1849, and passed away in Baker City, Ore- 
gon, on the 31st of May, 1910. For many 
.years he conducted a hotel and restaurant 
in Baker City, his hostelry being a popular 
rendezvous with the old pioneers, with 
many of whom he had been acquainted for 
long years. Subsequently he abandoned the 
hotel business and opened a fish and oyster 
market, successfully conducting the same un- 
til his death. His sons, Cliarles Harrison 
and Jesse F., continued the enterprise until 
the former retired to embark in the restau- 
rant business, leaving our subject as the sole 
proprietor of the fish market. Frederick K. 
Ernst was a member of the Second Massa- 
chusetts Infantry during the Civil war and 
after reenlisting. on the expiration of his 
first term of enlistment, entered the cavalry. 
At one time he served as a member of the 
Baker City council. His widow, who was 
born on the Camas prairie, August 12, 1854, 
still survives and makes her home in Baker 
City. 

Jesse F. Ernst obtained his early educa- 
tion in the common schools of Baker City 
and subsequently pursued a thorough course 
of study in a business college. After put- 
ting aside his text-books he spent one year 
in the Butler Hotel at Seattle, being in 
charge of the dining room. He next allied 
himself with the Manhattan Building Com- 
pany, managing the Manhattan flats for two 
years and eight months. Later he attended 
a session of the legislature at Olympia, act- 
ing as enrolling clerk. Returning to Seattle, 
he remained in the auditor's office until 
1909, after which he spent a year as first 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKV OF OREGON 



39 



deputy of the registration bureau. In 1910 
he came back to Baker City and following 
his father's demise took charge of the Ernst 
fish market in association with his brother, 
Charles H. When his brotlier embarked in 
the restaurant business he took sole charge 
of the market and has since conducted the 
same with gratifying success. 

In 1900 Mr. Ernst was united in marriage 
to Miss Tillie Foss, a daughter of JIartin 
Foss, a millwright by trade, who passed 
away in January, 1912. Unto our subject 
and his wife has been born a daughter, 
Helen. 

Mr. Ernst gives his political allegiance to 
the republican party, while fraternally he 
is identified with the Modern Woodmen of 
America and the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks. He is also a member of the 
Commercial Club. For a period of nine 
years he served with the National tiuards, 
his term expiring just prior to the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American war. His entire 
life has been spent in tlie northwest and he 
is thoroughly embued ^vith the spirit of en- 
terprise and progress which characterizes the 
people of this section of the country. A 
young man of genial, cordial nature, he has 
gained the good will and friendship of all 
with whom he has been associated and is 
widely recognized as a most successful busi- 
ness " man and public-spirited citizen of 
Baker county. 

HERBERT BOYLEN is recognized as one 
of the most expert and successful stockmen 
of eastern Oregon. He owns in fee simple 
two thousand acres of land, suited in every 
way to the sheep and cattle industry, lo- 
cated on the Yellow Jacket road, seven miles 
south of Pilot Rock in L'matilla county. His 
birth occurred in Canada on the -d of Janu- 
ary, 18.'j6, his parents being Dennis Herbert 
and Amanda (Call) P.oylen, the former a na- 
tive of New York and the latter of Canada. 
Dennis H. Boylen was a tailor by trade and 
occupation. He also owned and operated a 
farm. Both he and his wife passed away 
in Canada, in which country they had been 
married. 

Herbert Boylen was reared in his father's 
home and acquired his early educaticui in the 
public schools of Canada. At tlie age of 
twenty he began his independent business 
• career. Bidding adieu to the parental fire- 
side, he removed to California and for four 
successive years was engaged as a laborer on 
a California ranch during the summer sea- 
son and worked in the lumber niilU during 
the winter time. In the fall of 1879 he 
moved to Oregon, coming to Pendleton, 
where during the first year he carefully in- 
vestigated the soil and water courses with 
a view to their adaptability to the stock in- 
(lustrv. He finally selected a suitable ranch 
on wiiich to engage in this business and, 
making settlement upon the property chosen, 
he has continued to reside here ever nine*. 
His business as a stockman has been one of 
uninterrupted and unusual prosperity ond he 
has confined himself exclusively to the raw- 
ing of sheep and cattle. 



In the year 1SS6 Mr. Boylen Mai numctl 
to Miss Maggie Byrd, of I'niaiilU cvuntr, 
and to this union have l>ven bora ten chil- 
dren: Thomas A.. Herbert M.. Anna M., 
Kobcrt .M., Vesta, Elma, Alta, Elhrl, llirtiv 
and Alice, all of whom are xtill living; aoU 
are at home with their parent*. 

Mr. Boylen is atliliated p<jlttic«lly with Ih* 
republican party. Frut.-rf '■ ' ' — 

lied with the I'ollowing >•■ 
dleton Lodge, No. ili, K. i .. 
Loilge, No. 2h8, B. P. O. !■_; and t 
men of the World. Mr. Uoyirn in .i 
social qualities, in the oxcrci.ic u( Mbicli b« 
has acquired a wide circle o( devoted (rivoU*. 

J. W. WISDOM. In a hiitorv devutcii to 

till' lives ol men ut ' " 

prise have substanti 
the progress and de»i. j 
nu'ntion must be inailc 
the veteran dniggliit of 1 
forty-live years has Ih-<i 
with variims liusines.* in' 
He was born in Knn 
souri. on the l.lth of M > 
.son of Tlionms li. and I 
dom. The parents »«i 
Kentucky, the father li.n.... 
Fayette county and the moii 
county. During the furly ( ■ 
domestic lite they lucotcd in .Mi»«<>iin. murf 
for many years the lutluT rrn;:i.- I t" >/" 
cultural pursuits. In '-■ 
plains to tiregon with i' 
locating in llaker .■• 
and the mother pn 
of Mr. and .Mrs. W n- ..^i -r.,.. 

five of whom are » 

Reared on the ta: ... l"- >»i» '-••• 

while still in hii early 

dom la-gan to assi.vt in i' 

the time he had attaimtl ii 

wa.s thoroughly fnmiliir wii' 

nietho<ls of tilling ' 

the crops. Me ali> 

in the vicinity 

tered the cmi 

aside hio tc\t 

attention to ' 

Civil war havii _ 

tion of the state, 

eide»l to come to ' 

belter odvan' ' 

lie joined ■ • ■ 

ons in th. 

ncrou tl 

WOL' 

in I 

Sepi 

tiT ' 

IhilK 

hi* rrlllr' 

rnnal, » ' 
ti-r. Ill 

rngillfil 

in I- 
join 



ot pimnamtj. aoiuirtoii «u:li-wct Jtao-U-lfs 



40 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



of tlif |iri)iJerties of drugs and tlieir various 
uses froui a few works on chemistry and the 
instruction of a pliysiciau to enable him to 
engage in business. In 1867 lie opened the 
first drug store in Baker City and has ever 
since been actively engaged in the operation 
of this establishment. He is not only the 
veteran druggist of Baker City but in all 
probability of the state, as he has been con- 
tinuously identified with the business for 
forty-five years. His efforts have prospered 
and in addition to his fine store, Mr. Wis- 
dom is the owner of a valuable ranch of two 
hundred and seventy-three acres, all under 
irrigation, located two and a half miles from 
Baker City. In addition to this he is presi- 
dent and owns one-third of the stock in the 
Home Real Estate Company, which corpo- 
ration handles its own property exclusively. 

On the 14th of June, 1868, Mr. Wisdom 
was united in marriage to Miss JIary E. 
Sturgill, a native of Kansas and a daughter 
of John Sturgill, who is deceased, ilr. and 
Mrs. Wisdom have five children who are liv- 
ing, as follows: Frances, the wife of E. H. 
Blake, of Kansas City, Missouri; Loys W. 
and Mabel G., both of whom are at home; 
Glen AUiert, a student in the law depart- 
ment of the Kansas State University; and 
John W., Jr., of Baker. 

The family afliliate with the Episcopal 
church, in which the parents hold member- 
ship, and fraternally Mr. Wisdom has passed 
through all of the chairs of the Masonic 
order, and of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He belongs to the Canton, the mil- 
itary degree of the latter organization, and 
to Eleazar Encampment, No. 7. His politi- 
cal support he gives to the democratic party, 
and his fellow townsmen have on several 
occasions called him to public office. He was 
elected to the state senate in 1874, serving 
in that capacity for four years, and in 18S0 
was elected delegate to the democratic na- 
tional convention held at Cincinnati. From 
ISlCi to 1898 he discharged the duties of 
city treasurer. For nine years he was chair- 
man of the school board, having held this 
oHlce when the first large school was erected 
in Baker City. From the earliest period of 
his residence here to the present time. Mr. 
Wisdom has been one of the prominent fac- 
tors in the development and upbuilding of 
the town. He has high standards ii'gard- 
ing the responsibilities and duties of citizcn- 
sliip and despite the exactions his private 
interests have made upon his time has al- 
ways discharged his public obligations ably. 
At various times he was identified with dif- 
ferent enterprises of a local nature and has 
on every occasion done what he could to pro- 
mote commercial activities, and can be de- 
|>ended upon at all times to indorse every 
movement that will tend to advance the 
general welfare of the community or its ]jiiIi 
lie iitilitics. 

ALFRED CARL STEIN. One of Wash- 
ington county's younger residents, who is 
successfiilly directing his efforts along agri- 
cuHural lines, is .Alfred Carl Stein, who is 
engaging in general farming and hop-rais- 



ing on a sixty-acre tract four miles north- 
west of Sherwood. He is a son of Samuel 
and Ottilie (Hoeber) Stein, natives of Ger- 
stungen, Germany, the father having been 
born in 1844 and the mother in 1855. At 
the age of twenty years Samuel Stein de- 
cided to seek his fortune in America, taking 
up his residence in the United States in 
1864. His arrival at that time was most in- 
opportune, as the period following the close 
of the Civil war was characterized by the 
depression and instability that follows every 
great confiiet. At the expiration of four 
years he returned to his native land, but 
again set out for America in 1871 when he 
was married at St. Louis. He followed mer- 
cantile ]nirsuits and also worked in a saw- 
mill for three years, but was very dissatis- 
fied with conditions, finding them less en- 
durable than during his former sojourn in 
this country and he once more embarked for 
the fatherland. The futility of his efforts 
in trying to achieve a position, such as he 
aspired to, and his general dissatisfaction at 
last decided him to once more beconu' a resi- 
dent of the United States, so in 1878 he lo- 
cated in Portland, this state. He was a 
capable business man, whose force of char- 
acter and resolution of purpo.se made him a 
valuable factor in a new country, where 
these characteristics are the dominant agents 
for success. His foresight and sagacity 
enabled him to recognize opportunities that 
lie iiilelligently directed to the advancement 
iif Ills personal interests, and he ultimately 
hecanie one of the largest landowners in 
\\'asliiiigton county, where he passed away 
on September 19, 1908. He was a member 
of a family of si.x and had two sisters and 
two brothers. 

In the familj' of Mr. and Mrs. Stein there 
were born six children, four of whom are 
surviving: Emma, who became the wife of 
S. S. McFadden; Alfred C. our subject: Me- 
lanie, the wife of Captain Foester. U. S. A.. 
of Honolulu: and Selina. the wife of Frank 
Tauscher, of Portland, Oregon. 

Alfred Carl Stein attended the common 
schools in the acquirement of an education, 
until he had attained the age of fourteen 
years when he was apprenticed to the trade 
of cornice making in Portland. After fol- 
lowing this occupation for four years he de- 
rided that he preferred farming, so he re- 
turned to his father's ranch, and has ever 
since been identified with agricultural ])ur- 
suits. He is now operating sixty acres, for- 
merly contained in the one hundred and 
sixty that comprised the original home 
place. This land he is devoting to general 
farming, in connection with which he makes 
a specialty of hop-raising, on his mother's 
sixty acres, and is meeting with most grat- 
ifying returns from both. 

On" the 9th of October. 1909, Mr. Stein 
was united in marriage to Miss Anna Meier, 
the event being celebrated at Middleton. im- 
mediately following which they began their 
domestic life on the ranch where they are 
now residing. Mrs. Stein is of German ex- 
traction, her parents both having been born 



THE NE 
PUBLIC 



TfLBEN , 



TlIK CKNTF.XXIAI. HISTORY oK t>i;i;t;n.\ 



\:i 



ill (xorinaiiy. whence they emigrated to the 
I'nited Stiites, the fatlier in 1874 and the 
niotlier in 1880. They met in fireen River. 
Wyoming, where they lived for two years 
prior to their marriage and for seven years 
after, subsequently removing from there to 
Middleton, this state. There tlie father ac- 
quired twenty-live acres of timber land that 
he cleared and successfully operated for 
some years. lie later disposed of this prop- 
erty and went to fiermany on a visit, return- 
ing to Oregon, in August. 1911. after which 
he'^located in the vicinity of Sherwood, where 
he is now living retired. Of the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Meier there were born seven 
children, of whom four are living. Mrs. 
Stein is the eldest, the others being as fol- 
lows: Ernest, who lives in Portland; Katie, 
also a resident of Portland, and Charlotte, 
who is in scluxd. ilrs. Stein received good 
educational advantages and. in addition to 
her thorough course in the English branches. 
is a i)rolicient (Jerman scholar. The marriage 
of Mr. and Mrs. Stein has been blessed by 
one child. Roinar. whose birth occurred on 
the 21st of December. 1010. 

His ]iolitical support Mr. Stein gives to 
the republican party, but he is not a man 
who aspires to public honors, although he 
meets the requirements of good citizenship. 
Mrs. Stein is a member of the Lutheran 
church and he is alliliated with the I'nited 
Artisans, carrying both life and accident in- 
surance with this organization. In the con- 
duct of his affairs Mr. Stein is meeting with 
the returns that invariably reward intelli- 
gcntlv and capably directed energies, and he 
is recognized as oiie of the promising young 
ranchmen of this vicinity. 

JOSEPH L. CHURCHILL. An excellent 
farm of two hundred and ninety acres sit- 
uated in Coles valley. Douglas county, is 
another i)roof of the fact that general ngri 
cultural pursuits can be carried i>n most 
prolitalilv in southwestern Oregon, for the 
well directeil labors of .lo.seph I,. Churchill 
are bringing him success and ids place is 
proving one of the attractive features in the 
landscape of this district. .Mr. Churchill wa'* 
born in Xew Y<uk. .Taniiary :;•>. 1810. hi' 
parents being Silas and Cornelia (Uyndet 
( hurchill. the former a nativ.' of New Ijdi- 
anon, Xew York, and the latter of Hart 
ford. Connecticut. They w.tc married in 
Xew I/'l.anon. where they cimtinuiHl to re- 
side throughout their renniining days, the 
father following the occupation of farming. 
He lived to his seventy sixth year, while lii» 
wife was about ninety years of age at the 
time of her demise. Their religions faith wm 
that of till- Presbyterian cburi'h. 

In the old family lionu' .Io-.epli I,. Chlirrhill 
was reared and acquired his education in 
the public and high siIkm.Is of Xew l,el.iinoM. 
.\s early as his sixteenth year, however, lie 
began the operation of the home farm, tluf 
taking the responsibility from his falhrr. 
who had a mail .ontract.' driving a stage nnd 
carrying the nniil for several years. «hile 
Joseph L. fliurchill [.erformed the work of 



.tn.l \- 



the lielils friun the time of . i- 

ing until crops were har\ ir 

autumn. In lst'>-J, how >l| 

business and iM-rsonal n 

the sih of .Vugusi of ihu .-•! 

as a mendier of (om|uii>y .\ ,1 

Twenty eighth Ueuimetit n 1 

unti'er Infantry. In »er\e " I 

for three years, «r imr 1 i], 
lie becaim- ill. I> 
discharged at Ni-" ■ ■ 

IStWi. He returniil huine but (ui * ^v«( «*• 
contined to his bed. 

On the expiration i.r ■ ■ t. 

( hurchill went to Cl, 

had relatives living. \n^ II 

him that he hml only n - ' 

but. Imping that a cliim'. ' I 

prove henelicial. he noil 

west, making the jou » 

iicean anil tin- isthnuK t<i»t 
Christmas day of ISi;; 
of IHilii on the oo'an ■ 
landed in California, 
winter was passed 
alsint the Isl iif .liiiii' 
I Iregon. Knun tli ■• ■ 
oouthwaril to |) 
I >akland on the •.•' 
up the river by l»>«t t, 
stage. His destinatim, 
arriving at Windie^l, i 
Thonnis Smith, the nhlesl | 
and after he hiul ■ 
ing. Kor two !• ■ 
rose schools, folh' 
chaseil hi« presii ' 
h'y. He dill not 
tivation. however. Ini' 
went north into Wn-i 
of cattle, renniining tluii 

.Mr. rliiirehill then ret 
count.% 
lie mm 
live or I ■( • . 
mitt, who . 
tl,i. .1 ii,, 1. 

ilv 
el,- 

Oregi.n 
county. 
Chiirclp' ' 
Coles % 
ninety 
which ' 

VelM- "' 

er- 
b.- 
il,. 
"I- 

rird A 
(Iren. ^1 

^*^ 

•I 



\,r >.>tll<,l III 
Kniliiwintr 



m 
mill 



44 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



nicinlieisliip with the Independent Order of 
(tiM Fellows but is not connected with the 
society at the present time. A residence of 
almost forty years in this county has made 
him widely known. With the restoration of 
his health, which came soon after his arrival 
in the northwest, he took active part in the 
work of development here and as the years 
have gone by has won recognition as a valued 
citizen, whose labors have been an element in 
the general improvement and upbuilding of 
the district as well as in individual success. 

^ MILTON S. HUGHES is a member of the 
firm of Hughes & Waterman, conducting a 
real-estate, loan and insurance agency in 
Baker. He is the oldest representative of 
real-estate interests here, having continued 
business along that line for fourteen years. 
His birth occurred in Wilkesville, Vinton 
county, Ohio. November ]S. 1858. his par- 
ents being Milton and Eunice Hughes. The 
mother died when their son Milton was but 
eight years of age and the family was then 
broken up, the boy going to live with a sis- 
ter. He was the youngest of a family of 
ten children and his youth was passed in dif- 
ferent places but at length fortune dealt 
kindly with him inasmuch as he became an 
inmate of the home of Thomas Fletcher, who 
was not only a wealthy but a vei-y good man. 
The spirit of religion permeated his home 
and the years there passed Mr. Hughes 
always said were the making of him. He 
secured his education while thcr<' for two 
maiden school teachers lived in the family 
and instructed Mr. Hughes, who attiibuted 
all of his intellectual training and his suc- 
cess to the Fletcher home and the impetus 
which he there received toward the better 
things of life. In 1876. when eighteen years 
of age, he left Ohio and made his way west- 
ward to Axtell. Kansas, For a time he was 
employed at farm labor in that locality and 
afterward worked on the railroad. Subse- 
quently he went to New Mexico, spending a 
.year in that district, and in 1883 he ar- 
rived in Baker county, Oregon, where he has 
since resided, fjoing back into the mountains 
he was employeil in making rails for three 
or four years, during which jjeriod he care- 
fully saved his earnings until he was able 
to purchase a small farm in the valley. In 
this undertaking he was successful and at 
length he sold his farm of eighty acres for 
twenty-one hundred dollars. He also dis- 
posed of his stock, clearing twelve hundred 
dollars on his hogs. At that time he pur- 
chased two hundred acres of land in Union 
county for which he paid three thousand 
dollars down, and U|ion that place in the first 
.year of his occupancy he raised fourteen 
thousand, nine luuidred and sixty bushels of 
grain. Again he engaged extensively in the 
raising of Poland China hogs, having on 
hand two hundred and fifty head. Thus for 
a time he i>rospere(l but in the year of ISO.'! 
he lost ten thousand dollars as the result 
of the hard times which everywhere spread 
over the country, ledncing prices to such an 
extent that he could hardly give his produce 



away, much less sell it at a profit. Wheat 
brought only eleven cents per bushel in 
Portland and other products were equally 
low in value. 

At that time Mr. Hughes removed to 
Baker and entered the grocery business which 
he continued on a small scale for a year. 
He then began dealing in real estate in. 
which he has now continued for fourteen 
years, and is the oldest real-estate agent 
of Baker. He was alone for a number of 
years but has since had three partners and 
is now the senior member of the firm of 
Hughes & Waterman, conducting a success- 
ful real-estate, loan and insurance agency. 
In addition to this Mr. Hughes is the owner 
of a farm adjoining the city limits for which 
he has been ofTered thirty-two thousand dol- 
lars. It is a square tract containing one 
hundred and sixty acres and the soil is al- 
luvial so that good harvests are annually 
gathered as the result of the labors be- 
stowed upon the place. There are two good 
sets of buildings upon the farm and in ad- 
dition to this property he owns two hun- 
dred acres in the Pine valley, constituting 
a fine ranch which is now operated by his 
younger son. He also has a half interest 
ill eighty acres in Eagle valley and likewise 
owns property in connection with his partner. 

In 1888 occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Hughes and Miss Minnie Favorite, a native 
of Missouri, who in her childhood days was 
Inonght to the northwest by her parents. 
Three children have been born unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Hughes: Sylvester E., who occupies 
his fatlier's ranch near Baker; Alice M.. the 
wife of Harcy 0. Gorman, publicity agent 
for the Commercial Club of Baker: and IJay- 
fon L.. who is living on his father's ranch 
in Pine valley. The two eldest were horn 
in Baker county and the youngest in Tnion 
c'ounty. Mr. Hughes is a member of the 
' ommercial Club and is interested in all 
tiie projects and plans for the upbuilding and 
development of this section of the state. 
His cooperation, too. can be counted upon 
in support of many movements for the gen- 
eral good and his labors are of a most prac- 
tical and resultant character. 

ROBERT ELLIS RINGO, a iJioininent phy- 
sician and surgeon of Pendleton, was born 
in Weston, Oregon. August V.K 1ST2. His 
parents were William Harvey and Ardelia 
Pingo, both of whom were natives of Clay 
county. Missouri, and came in early life to 
llregon, crossing the plains with ox-teams, 
the father arriving in IS.'; I and the mother 
ill lS,-,3. They were married in Salem and 
settled near that city on a claim which was 
located on the French prairie. The mother 
now lives in Salem, the father having passed 
away in May, 1909. 

Ivobert Ellis Pungo grew to manhood in 
his native state and in the Oregon State 
Xormal School at Monmouth laid the founda- 
tion for his education. He was graduated 
Irom that institution with the class of 1894 
:ind for five years thereafter was engaged 
in teaching school, an occupation in which 
lie earned tlie money that later paid his 



THE L'ENTE.X.NIAL HISTORY UF UK K( JON- 



IS 



way through college. Subsequently he en- 
rolled as a student in the Willamette Med- 
ical College at Salem and was graduated with 
the class of 1901. During the year of 1903 
he studied in the Xew York Post Graduate 
School. Thereafter he located for practice 
in Pendleton where he has secured an ex- 
tensive patronage, and is rated as one of the 
most capable physicians of this section of 
the state. He owns a beautiful residence 
in this city and also has a forty acre tract of 
irrigated land at Bend. Oregon. 

On the 7th of June. 1905, Dr. Ringo was 
united in marriage with Miss Blanche G. 
Smith, the daughter of .James M. and Sarah 
Smith of Umatilla county, the father having 
been a well known stockman there. Both 
parents are now deceased. To Dr. and Mrs. 
Ringo has been born one son, Robert, who 
is now live years of age. 

Politically Dr. Ringo votes the independent 
ticket, lie is an active member of the Bap- 
tist church and for the past nine years has 
served as a chairman of the board of tnis- 
tees. Fraternally he is identified with the 
Xasburg Lodge, Xo. 93, A. F. & A. M.. of 
Helix; with the Pendleton Lodge. Xo. 2S8, B. 
P. O. E.; with the Damon Lodge. Xo. 4, K. 
of P.; with the Viola Lodge. A. 0. I". \V.; 
with the Pendleton Lodge. \V. 0. W.. and 
with the Royal Order of Moose. 

He is a niemlicr of the American Med- 
ical Association, the Oregon State Medical 
Society, the Eastern Oregon Medical Society 
and the Pendleton City and County Medical 
Society. Through these ditl'erent organiza- 
tions, Dr. Ringo keeps in touch with the 
discoveries that are being made in the med- 
ical world today, lie is greatly interested 
in, and is Avell equipped for his chosen life 
work and is continually promoting hi.t etH- 
ciency through reading and investigation. 

CARL DILSHEIMER. The progress and 
development of any town is entirely depend- 
ent upon the energj- and enterprise mani- 
fested by its business men. and in this respect 
Baker has been extremely fortunate as it 
numbers among the heads of its mercan- 
tile and industrial institutions many public- 
spirited and enterprising citizens, who have 
been most diligent in their efforts to ad- 
vance the interests of the community. 
Among the.se must be numbered Carl IJils- 
heimer, who together with -Max Weil owns 
and operates the largest ilepartment store in 
the city. 

He was born in Germany on the 2!)th of 
March, 1862. and is a son of Abraham and 
Ernestine (Halle) Dilsheimer. who pa.-uie.l 
their entire lives in the fatherland. They 
Were the parents of eleven i-hildri>n. -even 
iif whom became citizens of the I'nited Stnte-t 
and of these four are residents of the *lat-- 
of Oregon. One daughter. Mrs. I.iaac Kauf 
man. is living in Portland; while two ^on«. 
Moses and Carl, our subject, and «noth«T 
daughter, Mrs. Max Weil, make their home 
ill Baker. 

Carl IJilsheimer was given the n ' 
of a high-school education in hi" n 
where he passed the first nineteen .- ■• 



his life. When reaily t.. 

iicss career, however. Ii.- .1. 

America, believing that in ' 

tion of this I'ountry he u>». 

vantages and greater opp.. 

vancement than were ulToniett 

gested countries oi Kurupc. l 

ISSl he took pioia^'i- for the t i 

with Portlaiul, Hrefjoii. bk hi> 

Although he knew very littl. 

cantile business, and atill I' 

language and business . ■ • 

States, he possessed 

tion of purpose ami 

powers to b«>come di- 

his arrival he obtaiin 

store of his future fatherin-UM, ."^lu !.■■* 

gart, in East Portland. .\» h- w«« »n 

dustrious and ambitious y<" 

plied himself intelligently 

acquiring a eomprehi-nsive '■ 

mercantile busim-ss and .\ 

( ial raetho<is, his elfiT'- 

ineeting with well mi 

eml of a year he sevei- 

Mr. Lowengart and oiniiiiK In 

a clerkship in the Kton- of llfiln 

lieimer. He remaineil in their 

six years, and dnrinir that p- ■ 

thrift ami inilii-' 

capital and know 1. 

warranted in nt.i 

own. Together >> 

Max Weil. 1 sl.i 

1S87 that during thr 
developeil into the l«u 
in the city. They Imxhii hi u 
but they were Imth men of tir. 
and more than bi . 



I.y reason of the 






fill consideration 




' 


iiiiiiiity as well .1- 




!• 


liavi> met with li 




ti 


the development • 




» 


not only kept | • 




t 


the town, but h«>. 


- i«|u,t,v« aw 


« 


ill advnnee of it. 


I'liiV \-mtrv ' 


i 


well assorted lini- 




' f 


of which i< full 




' 


irie*' i' ' ' ' 




«• 


lave ii 




r 


them 11 




■h 


whom ' 




.-• 


i»rrul'i' 




III 






at" 






p.. 






e<ii 






a.. 






n,.; 







Ml 

Tl. 



■Mk* 

■1 



46 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



Order ut Elks of Bilker and the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. He is an enthusiastic 
member of the Baker Commercial Club, and 
gives his unqualified indorsement and cooper- 
ation to every progressive movement in- 
augurated by this organization. Ever since 
granted tlie right of franchise he has voted 
the republican ticket, but has never been 
connected witli the official life of the munic- 
ipality. Although Mr. Dilsheimer lias a 
warm regard for the land of his birth, lie 
has always been loyal to the United States 
and its institutions, and has had no occa- 
sion to regret the transference of his alle- 
giance to the country in which he has pros- 
pered in his undertakings, which led him 
to become one of the leading business men 
and most substantial citizens of Baker 
county. 

JOSEPH ALFRED STROWBRIDGE was 
born December 1, IS.'io, in Montour county, 
Pennsylvania, and was the son of Philip M. 
and Elizabeth K. Strowbridge. John Strow- 
bridge, of Colleton, was born in Devonshire, 
England, in 1500. Some of his descendants 
emigrated to the lowlands of Scotland in 
the time of James I. William Strowbridge, 
the ancestor of the Strowbridge family in 
the United States, came from Scotland in 
1718, settling in Middleborough. Massachu- 
setts. Mr. Strowbridge's parents and grand- 
parents were born in Pennsylvania. In 1836 
his parents removed to Marion county, Ohio, 
where his boyhood was spent. When six- 
teen years of age and while preparing to en- 
ter the Ohio Wesleyan University, his father 
determined to emigrate to Oregon. 

The family left Ohio in October, 1851. 
spending the winter in St. .Joseph, Missouri. 
In the early spring they again took up the 
long journey across the plains, arriving in 
Portland, October 4. 1852, just one year from 
Ohio to Oregon. From The Dalles, Mr. Strow- 
bridge with the assistance of three men, 
brought the stock down into the Willamette 
valley by the old Indian trail over the moun- 
tains, the fainil}' coming by the river. An 
ardent lover of nature he was greatly im- 
pressed with the magnificence of the scenery. 
Nothing in later life ever appealed to him as 
his first view of the "■Promi.sed Land." 

The boy stood upon a high blufl" overlook- 
ing the great "River of the West." The 
deep blue waters collected from ten thou- 
sand streams, swept by in mighty current to 
the sea. In the distance "Bright Willamette" 
winding like a silver thread through the val- 
ley, hastening to join the lordly Columbia. 
This lovely valley! Its wild beauty soon 
to be enhanced by fields of golden grain, 
sun-kissed orchards and gardens of roses — 
lay like an emerald in the evening sunlight, 
for in the crimson west the sunset gates 
were open and a flood of radiant light was 
upon river and valley, mountain and forest. 
The purple shades of evening liinig over the 
foot-hills of the Cascade range: against the 
dark rich shades of the evergreen forest, 
the vine-mai)le draped its pale green tapes- 
try; beautiful ferns in tropical luxuriance 
were all aliout liim. while just across the 



canyon Mount Hood towered thousands of 
feet in solitary grandeur; the snows of cen- 
turies glistening in the rosy tints of the 
after-glow. To him it was a glimpse of 
paradise. That night he camped beneath 
the Oregon stars and as he listened to the 
murmuring of the west wind through the 
trees like an echo from the distant ocean, 
a sweet and restful peace came upon liim: 
the weary journey of three thousand miles 
had ended and this beautiful land beside the 
western sea was henceforth to be his home. 
At The Dalles his father was stricken with 
"mountain-fever," dying a few days after 
fheir arrival in Portland; and upon the boy 
not yet seventeen developed the responsi 
bility of the support of the family. Fol 
lowing the death of the father came the 
loss of the entire band of fine horses, which 
had been brought across the plains with 
greatest care; a heavy fall of snow in De- 
cember. 1852. lay upon the ground two 
months, making grazing impossible, while 
there was no feed to be had. 

With courageous heart the boy accepted 
any employment he could get and went to 
work with willing hands. He soon saved a 
little money and in 185.j sent a few boxes 
of apples to San Francisco in care of Purser 
ileade of the steamship Columbia — the very 
Hist ever shipped from Oregon to that city. 
Tlie returns from this venture were so sur- 
prisingly good that he was encouraged to go 
into the business quite extensively dealing 
in all kinds of domestic produce. His suc- 
cess was phenomenal, but the first results 
of his undertaking were swept away in 1856 
by the failure of Adams & Company's Bank 
in San Francisco. He had deposited ten 
tliousand dollars over night for safe keep- 
ing, and next morning learned with hundreds 
of others, that all the gold had been carted 
at night to the dock and placed on board a , 
ship lying at anchor in the harbor — that 
ship sailed through the Golden Ciate at day- 
break. His faith in human honesty received 
a severe shock, but at twenty-one the heart 
is buoyant; he had established an excellent 
credit and made rapid financial headway. 

In 1858 he formed a partnership with Mr. 
C. M. Wiberg in the retail boot and shoe 
business, with leather and findings as a 
brancli. A little later, appreciating the pos- 
sibilities of these lines of trade, he went to 
Boston and established relations with the 
manufacturers of that city, shipping his 
goods by the Isthmus of Panama and around 
Cape Horn; thus establishing the first whole- 
sale boot and shoe house north of San Fran- 
cisco. In 1870 Wiberg & Strowbridge sold 
the boot and shoe business to a San Fran- 
cisco firm. ilr. Strowbridge retaining the 
leather and findings. He was the pioneer 
leather merchant of Oregon and the first 
to import direct from the European market, 
buying from the tanneries in the south of 
France and receiving his goods through the 
custom house at Astoria and later at the 
port of Portland. 

In August. 187", twenty-one blocks in 
the heart of Portland's business district were 
swept by fire. ilr. Strowbridge lost heavily 



ir 



n 




J. A. STI!(i\VP,I!1I)(;K 




M.vnv n 



TIIK ( KXTKXXIAI. IIISTOKY OF OKKtiON 51 

— everything he had was either hiinied or promotiuii of iiu-u»urf. In tin- Ix-urKt ol llw 

torn down to clieek the lire. "Well!" he city uiid stati- li.- I. •%.-.! ... «.;i 

said, as he surveyed the smoking niins. His laith u 

'the ground is left. I'll try again." Mr. a great run, ,t 

Strowbridge was one of the first members he lived to i... 

of Willamette Company, Xo. 1, Portland ment of hi.t (in. 

volunteer fire department, orgaiiizeil in ISjl! ail ' 

by the citizens of the little lianilet for their a. 

mutual protection. lie who tirst saw the m..-i .1 

red glare upon the midnight sky rang the his fell .( 

bell. The service in the two little churches every ;:, 

in the woods was often <listurbed by un and want. 

"alarm." L'pon one occasion an itinerant upon l)oth 

preacher at the close of his long prayer! burned in hi" »i 

opened his eyes to find that every soul had light. Mr. Stro 

gone to the fire. Wilhinwtic l.<"li:t , 

In 18.5") when the Indian war cloud dark- Portland < liaptir, N. 

ened across the western sky ami hostile Ciminmndcry, .\o. 1, i, 

l)aiicls of painted Indians in ugly mooil sistory No. I, Snitti- 

roved about the country. Mr. Strowbridge .lecond decree, 
realizing that the isolated farms would !)«.• The ileath of 

at the mercy of tlie treacherous fw. rode out eurred .luiie .'.0, 

through the valley warning the people of unexpected. K<'t 

the danger and advising them to bring their Portland. In- ri" 

families into Portland. They eamo from spoct of tin- 

every direction, driving their stock, «nd brought to ' 

camped in the streets of the little town initil iil. 

they could return in safety to their homes. ti. > 

These people never forgot this kind service erring' 

and deeply appreciated the thought fidness and v 

which saved them from the horrors of In- effort i . 

dian massacre. sucivss. II' 

Nearly fiftj- years ago, Mr. L. II. Wake- everyone, k 

field and Mr. Strowbridge took the initial nently big 1 

step which led to the organization of the grnt<-fiillv 

Portland Library Association by collecting Ir- 

twenty-live hundred dollars for this pur- |.i 

pose. " This money was subscribed in one ohi. -i ■•: i 

afternoon; it did not take long to .see every- over fifty 

one and the young pioneers wen- both gen- .1. ■ ' » 

erous and enterprising. Mr. W. S. I.aild \\ 
headed the list with one hundri'd ilollars, 

upon condition that "It should always \tv l> 

kept out of politics." Jlr. Henry Failing sent wi 

the monev to his agent in N'ew York, who Tlic!.c .iiil.li.i. 

had the books carefully selecte.l nnil for- .\., ,Ir.. .Mary II 

warded to Portland by the Isthmus of Pan- arc all miti\e!i .•! r .' . ■ ■ .- 
ania. Mr. Wakefield was elected president 
and continued in olfiee several years. ;""'• 

Forty years ago Mr. .Strowbridge organ 
ized the first companv to bnild a bridge acro»- 
the Willamette at Portland but this enter- ,1 
prise was too far in advance of the lime« i. 
and the project fell through. One friend t- 
told him "If there were a dozen bridges" ... 
he "would always use the ferr>-." that, "hi- .lahu.ii; 
horse might rest while he »n« crnsMJin;." Ilak.r. 
Seventeen years afterward 1 1' 
man was the president of tl: 
built the first bri«lge and at lli" '■ 
ing .-Vpril 12. IH'^T, drove in triii 

cession over the new structure w:: - 

fiags and a brass band— the protidost ■nil I 
happiest man in the state. 

Mr. Strowbridge was an 
publican and in 1SS3 was ■ 
sent Multnomah county in the .-: 
ture. It was from his high cli ■ 
varied abilities, his unshaU 
Oregon and his devotion to h 

he was enabled to assist nn.'-.. 

Vol. n— 8 



1.- ^ 1 1 1 I • V 1 1 



52 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



handling property proved successful and in 
time he built a good business block on Main 
street which he afterward improved and 
later sold. His well managed real-estate 
dealings in time brought him wealth and he 
engaged in loaning money. 

On the 15th of October, 1887, in Minne- 
sota, Mr. Schlund was married to Miss Jose- 
phine Koch, who was born at Frontenac, 
Minnesota, August 15, 1861, and came to 
Oregon in 1887. Her parents were Casper 
and Josephine (Schook) Koch, who were na- 
tives of Germany and were married in Cin- 
cinnati, where they remained for a number 
of years, but their last days were passed m 
Minnesota. They had a family of six daugh- 
ters and four sons. The children born unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Schlund are four in number: 
Catharine, the eldest; Veronica, who died at 
the age of thirteen years and two months; 
Josephine and Frank. 

Mr. Schlund as a devoted member of the 
Catholic church which he supported liberally. 
His political faith was that of the republi- 
can party but he never sought nor desired 
office. He was rather a reticent man but 
his substantial and admirable qualities were 
widely recognized and he was well liked. 
He preferred to concentrate his energies al- 
ways upon his own business aifairs and he 
kept his place so neat that it attracted mucli 
attention. He became the owner of a num- 
ber of good business properties in Baker and 
he left to his family a valuable estate, all 
of which had been acquired through his own 
efforts. Moreover, his business dealings 
were ever upright and honorable so that his 
children inherited an untarnished name. 

ROBERT GREEN THOMPSON. Eighteen 
years have passed since Robert Green Thomp- 
son was called from this life, but he is yet 
remembered by many of the leading citizens 
of Pendleton and Umatilla county, and also 
in other parts of the state for in the course 
of his business career he came to be ranked 
with the leading sheep raisers of Oregon. 
He made a notable and commendable record 
in business, depending entirely upon his own 
resources from early manhood, and winning 
his prosperity because of earnest, persistent 
labor and sound judgment. 

Robert Green Thompson was born in Frank- 
lin county, Missouri, March 17, 1837, his par- 
ents being John and Mary (Campbell) Thomp- 
son, who came across the plains to Oregon 
in 1852. That was the year which brought 
the greatest number of early settlers to the 
nortliwcst, and the Thompson family took 
up their abode in Lane county, where the 
father died some years later. Meantime he 
had taken an active and helpful part in the 
work of public progress and improvement. 
His widow afterward came to Umatilla 
county and made her home with her son 
Robert to the time of her demise. 

In the state of his nativity Robert G. 
Thompson spent the first fifteen years of his 
life and then accompanied his parents on the 
long trip across the plains over the hot sand.s 
and through the mountain passes to Oregon, 
where he shared with the family the va- 



rious hardships and privations incident to 
lite on the frontier. For a short time after 
arriving in the northwest he continued hia 
education, but his opportunities in that di- 
rection were comparatively limited, and he 
was largely a self-educated as well as a self- 
made man. He early learned, however, many 
valuable lessons in the school of experience. 
He soon came to recognize the value, of in- 
dustry, determination and reliability, and 
as a boy and young man he worked on a pack 
train from Umatilla to the Boise Basin, his 
brother John Alexander also being similarly 
employed. He was ambitious, however, to 
make the best possible use of his time and op- 
portunities, and, carefully saving his earnings, 
he at length became identified with the sheep 
industry, purchasing a small number of sheep 
which he pastured in this part of the state. 
Gradually his flocks increased and he raised 
and purchased sheep until he was one of the 
foremost in this line of business in Umatilla 
county, keeping as many as fifteen to twenty 
thousand sheep at one time. He managed 
carefully and with circumspect looked after 
even the smallest detail, attaining such suc- 
cess in the business that he soon became the 
possessor of a very handsome and gratify- 
ing competence, and was classed with the 
county's most substantial citizens. He real- 
ized that proper care of his sheep would en- 
able him to command the highest market 
prices and, moreover, he constantly improved 
the grade of sheep he raised, handling some 
of the finest found in the state. 

On the 22d of February, 1875, Mr. Thomp- 
son was united in marriage to Miss Leona 
Welch, a daughter of Elijah and Susan 
(Whittemore) Welch, both of whom were na- 
tives of Illinois. They were married how- 
ever, in Lane county, Oregon, having come 
to this state in early life. The mother made 
the trip with her parents across the plains 
with ox teams in 1853. The father came to 
Oregon about the same time, and after their 
marriage they began their domestic life in 
Lane county, where they resided until about 
1860 when they removed to eastern Oregon, 
settling at La Grande, Union county. For six 
years they resided in that place, and in 1866 
came to Umatilla county, where Mr. Welch 
purchased a donation land claim that had 
been entered by a man by the name of 
Crisp and which was located about a mile 
from Pendleton, but the growth of the city 
has since included it within the corporation 
limits. It was upon this place that the father 
and mother of Mrs. Thompson remained until 
they were called to their final home, Mr. 
Welch passing away August 23, 1908, at the 
age of seventy-nine years, while his wife 
died on the 1st of September, 1909, at the 
age of sixty-five. They were highly es- 
teemed and worthy pioneers of the state, 
their many excellent traits of character gain- 
ing for them the warm regard of ail with 
whom they came in contact. Mr. Welch was 
a democrat in his political views, but was 
never an office seeker. IJe held member- 
ship with the Masonic fraternity and was 
always loyal to its beneficent teachings. His 
wife was a member of the Episcopal church 
and lived a devout Christian life. Mrs. 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



53 



Thompson was reared in that faith, and she 
too is a member of that church. She is 
a lady of culture, and the hospitality of 
her home in Pendleton is greatly enjoyed by 
her many friends. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Thompson were born five children. Ida, the 
eldest, is a graduate of St. Helen's Hall of 
Portland, and is now the wife of Seth Catlin. 
who is identified with the Portland Blue 
Print Company of that city. Harriet is the 
wife of Edwin J. Burke, a wool buyer of 
Pendleton. Edna is the wife of C E. Nelson, 
a merchant of Pendleton. Mary and Claudia 
are both deceased. 

The family circle was broken by the hand 
of death when on the 30th of ilay, 1894, the 
husband and father was called from this life. 
He had always voted with the democratic 
party, but was never an aspirant for otlice, 
preferring to concentrate his energies on his 
business att'airs and otlier interests. The 
Masonic fraternity numbered him among its 
prominent members in Pendleton where he 
lived for about six years prior to his demise. 
He certainly deserves much credit for what 
he accomplished for he started out in the 
world empty-handed, depending upon his own 
resources and labors for advancement. Year 
by year he worked his way upward by reason 
of his close application and untiring diligence, 
gaining a place among the foremost sheep 
raisers of the state, while his opinions upon 
any phase of the subject were regarded as 
authority. As time advanced his sales 
brought him substantial returns, and the 
most envious could not grudge his success, 
so honorably had it been won. His greatest 
pleasure in his prosperity came from the 
fact that it enabled him to provide liberally 
for his family, to whom he was a devoted 
husband and father. 

J. A. A. HANSEN, who together with F. N. 
Weis is engaged in the furniture business at 
the corner of Second and Center streets, has 
been identified with the commercial interests 
of Baker City for the past nine years. He 
was born in Buford, Wyoming, on the 5th 
of December, 1S73, and is a son of Carsten 
and Elizabeth (Olberg) Hansen. The parents 
were both natives of the province of Schles- 
wig-Holstein. Germany, the father's birth 
having occurred at Husum and that of the 
mother at Itzehoe. They were likewise 
reared and married in the land of their birth, 
whence they emigrated to the United States 
in 1870. The father always devoted his 
energies to farming, with the exception of 
the first ten years of his residence in this 
country when he was in the employ of the 
Union Pacific Railroad Company. Tjitcr he 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits 
in the Willamette valley, but he subsefpient- 
ly withdrew from this and at the time of his 
death was residing in Portland, where the 
mother still makes her home. .Mr. and Mrs. 
Hansen were the parents of three children, 
our subject being the only son. In "nler of 
birth the daughters are 'as follows: Mary, 
the wife of Rudolph Hallberg. of Sn[eni, Ore- 
gon, and Annie, the wife of H. Valentine, 
of Portland. The father served for some 



years in the German army and patxticipatad 
m the war with Denmark and latrr fuiwbt 
against Austria. 

Although a native of tli- -• ■- • \> •. n,. 
ing, in the acquirement o- j. 

A. A. Hansen attendwl th. i," 

of Iowa, having lueu u rcsiident .j 

county, that state, for thirtwi. in 

1892, he joined bis purenlx, who v.,-.-, ...lu^ 
on a ranch in the Willumetin v«ll,», »nj 
turned his attention to .i, pu^ 

suits, by a.-*si8ting his lath. «ark 

of the tields and care of tin- ^i..^«. il,. cuo- 
tinued to follow raiuhinj; until l '.»().;, uni 
during the intervening yearn 1.% i.j...„ ..f 
his practical ideas aiul ii. • , 

met with good fmaneial »u.-. i 

find the career of an ugricu ■ r 

to his liking, however, and 
cided to identify himnell wuii 
tivities, so in 1903 he renioveil in ,, 

and has ever since mad' •' > ;,, 

he subsequently bccuiii' ,, 

Shutc in the I'urniture i . 
was first located at the corn- i 

Resort streets, but at the ■ a 

year they removed to Sei-oiMl and Crni»r 
streets, .Mr. Hansen's present place of busi- 
ness. Shortly after they l<K-dted here. Mr. 
Hansen bought out the interest of .\lr. Shut* 
and conducted the bu>ir ir 

At the end of that tinr 
in-law, K. Hallbcrc, in .i. .. 
nection lasted only for al- .. 

however, the latter then .: . « 

interest to Mr. Weis, who Ima r»rr txacm 
been a partner in the huitini'iui. Ih>'\ h.xp 
a very nice location and carry a ( i I 

assorted stock of general huuir • 

of varied (|uality 
tastes and circum-' 
trons. Both ]■'■■• 

ness men of ■ ' 

conduct of tli. r 

adhere to the hi|.- 
commercial princif 

with success as thi quality ui • 

and their priev* ars iiuch a* t 
them to the I 
munity, and ' 

isfy anil : ' ■ 

their Ini- 
increasiii^ 
city and n"» 
In nd<lilinii ' 
Mr. Han 
of one 1 
county, .1 
On Ih. 
len 
.lob I 
ter 
Joh: 
rhil.l: 

ing scl 1. ui 

.Mr. nn.l M mmmuai 

rnn'-* '>i ' 
tertmllv ' 
Kni/» ■ 
of I 

the 

IxMlgp No. T^**, of Hakrr, urnffno. H» i» <mm 



54 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



of the active members of the Baker Com- 
mercial club and takes a deep interest in 
the various movements of this organization, 
while his political support is given to the 
republican party, and for three years he has 
represented his ward in the local coimcil. 
Mr. Hansen is one of the capable business 
men and highly estimable citizens of the 
town, whose private intei'ests are never per- 
mitted to absorb his attention to the ex- 
clusion of his fulfilment of his public re- 
sponsibilities and duties, and he can at all 
times be depended upon to do his share to- 
ward advancing the welfare of the com- 
munity. 

H. C. LEONARD. I liave commenced this 
I'ecalling of some of the past events in my 
life so far and of writing up the same, which 
I am obliged to do from memory alone (as 
to dates) in consequence of the destruction 
of books and records of the old firm of Leon- 
ard & Green, which were destroyed by water, 
as they were stored in a cellar which was 
filled during a flood some years ago. 

I take for my starting point, the date 
when I left the home of my parents when 
nearly eighteen years of age to serve an 
apprenticeship with my uncle Hermon Camp 
in his mercantile business in Trumansburg. 
New York. My brother. William B., had 
preceded me some two years previously and 
was still there, but the time of his indenture 
was nearing a close, and soon after I readied 
there he accepted a position in Albany, New 
York, as register of currency of the state 
banks of New Y'ork under a new law then 
just passed. That position he held nearly 
or about two years; in the meantime I was 
still in my uncle's employ in Trumansburg. 
At the expiration of my brother's service in 
Albanj', he went to New York city and ob- 
tained a situation as salesman in the whole- 
sale silk house of AVilliams. Rankir & Penni- 
nian, in Nassau street, where he remained 
about two years, and being very successful 
as a salesman, he received the second year a 
salary of two thousand dollars. He then, 
with John M. Birdsall and Benjamin Pomeroy 
formed the firm of Birdsall. Pomeroy & Leon- 
ard in a wholesale dry-goods business. After 
the dissolution of that firm (Birdsall going to 
California early in '49) William B. joined in 
business with a very prominent wholesale 
house, forming the firm of Hurlbut, Sweetzer 
& Company. After closing his business with 
this last house in the dry-goods line, he, with 
James 0. Sheldon and a Jlr. Foster, formed 
the banking house of Leonard, Sheldon & 
Foster, located at No. 10 Wall street, after- 
ward the firm of Leonard, Decker & How- 
ell. -44 Broadway. 

Previous to this (going backward a while 
and again taking up my own career) I had 
left my uncle's service and was living in Tal- 
lahassee, Florida, liaving left while William 
B. was still with the firm of AVilliams, Pan- 
kin & Penniman. I was still in the service 
of my uncle in Trumansluirg when a cir- 
cumstance occurred which changed my whole 
career. A gentleman, a merchant, of Talla- 
hassee, Florida, came there on his annual 



visit to his relatives, with wliom 1 was 
acquainted, and in a casual conxersation, he 
asked me if I would like to go to Florida, 
as he was authorized by a firm to engage 
a young man from the north, lie stated tlu' 
salary they would pay, etc., and 1 said at 
once [ would go if I could prevail on my 
uncle to let me ofT my obligation to him 
the last year which he did, after I pleaded 
most strenuously, and I left with him for 
Florida, remaining in New York a few days 
while he was purchasing a stock of merchan- 
dise. 1 spent there abinit two years in the 
service of Betton & Jlctiinnis. a iirominent 
lirm of merchants and expoiters of cotton. I 
enjoyed my two years spent in Florida. I re- 
sided with a family of a mendier of the lirm. 
and after remaining in their service two years 
I returned to the north, taking a "small 
schooner plying between St. Marks, the port 
of Tallahassee and New Orleans, thence by 
steamer up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers 
to Cincinnati, thence to Pittsburg, thence by 
stages over the Baltimore & Ohio tinnpike 
to Cincinnati, thence to Pittsburg, thence by 
Then after a short visit to my home in Owego, 
I went to New York to take a position in a 
dry -goods house whicli William H. had secured 
for me and which I filled for nearly one year, 
when they discontinued business. This was 
abouts as the excitement over the discovery 
of gold in California began, and the rush was 
commencing and I caught the fever, and would 
have left, but was dissiuaded by entreaties 
from home, and my brother William per- 
suaded me to take a position in a large whole- 
sale grocery house in Broad street — Wood & 
Sheldon, with whom I remained until Novem- 
ber, 1S49, when they closed their business. 
This "let me out" and the "California fever" 
came over me again in full force and late in 
November of that year (1849) I left New 
York on board tlie steamer Crescent City 
for Chagres (no Panama railroad then), 
thence up the Chagres river to the head of 
canoe navigation. Five passengers with my- 
self chartered a large native canoe for our- 
selves and baggage and were poled, paddled 
and pulled by three natives to Gorgona. head 
of navigation. From there to Panama on 
mule-back, and our baggage on the heads and 
backs of natives, and sailed from Panama on 
board the steamer California for San Fran- 
cisco, touching at every point of importance 
between those points, arriving in San Fran- 
cisco and anchored at eleven o'clock at night 
on the 31st day of December. 1S49, just in 
time to make us numbered among the 
pioneers of '49. As there was only then 
about one steamer per month, an arrival there 
was quite an event, and the next morning as 
we disembarked, all San Francisco seemed to 
be upon the beach to greet us. No docks there 
then. I met the first day after landing sev- 
eral of my old friends from New York who 
had preceded me. and I felt quite at home. 
My old friend, John Green, of New York, who 
left the employ of Pomery & Leonard as a 
salesman and had left New York in a sailing 
vessel around Cape Horn had reached there 
after a very long voyage (nearly six months) 
and was engaged in business and had been 




H. C. LKU.N.VUH 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



for some months. It was he that with my- 
self formed the firm of Leonard & Green. 
Within two months after 1 reached San 
Francisco I found that Mr. Green had become 
imbued witli tlic idea that Oregon wo\ild be 
a better liehl for us to cast our fortunes than 
California and I agreed with him. We bought 
out his- partner's interest in .San Francisco, 
packed up our stoi'U. and shii>ped it on board 
a bark bound for Oregon, on which he sailed 
with further additions to the stock, which we 
purchased in San Francisco, and landed at 
Astoria in February, 1S50, and started in 
business there under the firm name of Leon- 
ard & Green. I remained in .San Francisco 
awaiting the arrival of a steamship, the Sarah 
Sands, coming around Cape Horn for goods 
consigned to me from Xew York, principally 
from Pomeroy & Leonard, and to till orders 
he might send me from Oregon lor our 
Astoria trade. 

I went to Oregon in .June. ISoO, and found 
him well estalilished there in business, occupy- 
ing a storehouse built by and formerly oc- 
cupied by the old Knglish Hudson's Ray Com- 
pany years before, they having abandoned 
that p'ost. Our trade then was principally 
with Indians, then still very numerous there. 
We remained in Astoria between two and 
three years, when we began to realize the 
fact tliat Astoria would never prove to be a 
IcadiuL' li\isiness place in the future of Ore- 
gon, altliough. situated as it is. at the mouth 
of the great Columbia and with a fine harbor 
for shiiiping. The Columbia being navigable 
to Portland" on the Willamette, one hundred 
and twenty miles above, and that much nearer 
to the great and productive region, it would 
be the citv of the future, and we had made 
a mistake" in casting our anchor at Astoria. 
About that time Green's brother, Henry I).. 
and mv brother. Irving, arrived in Astoria. 
We soon installed them in charge of our inter- 
ests there, dividing our profits there with 
them, and then established our business as 
a ceneral wholesale house in Portland.^ I 
went to Xew York immediately, my first 
trip there from the coast, and on my way 
there stopped over a few days in Owego to 
visit, then on to New York to purchase gooils 
for our Portland house. 1 made my head- 
quarters with Hnrlbut. Swcetzer & Company 
of which mv brother William I?, was a part- 
ner, and from whom T purchased quite largely. 
They also consigned ns goods for .sale on 
their account. . , 

At Portland we secure<l a position for our 
business on Front street with a landing dock 
for vessels-the onlv dock in Portland at that 
time. Now how changed-mihs of conn.cf.l 
docks on both sides. Hanked bv capnemus 
warehouses for the accommodation ot tne 
larr-e commercial trade that has grown here 
About the time we were fully '■;?<i't'l'!"l'e'l 
The Pacific Mail Company estnblisbe.l the 
connection of their Panama line, p.itfin« on 
a weekly line of steamers between .san hran- 
Cisco and Portland, and our firm was mad- 
their agents here. Our success in our mercan^ 
tile career here was very '»<'" "'"'■''j;- „ 
went to .San Francisco in 18.'-.4. and purchased 
the bark Metropolis, which we pinced on the 



San Francisco route for thr tran*|>artin|; of 
lumber, produce, •■!■ i.. s.n Fr^ncUK-o, •ml 
from there to I'm ' iter lot our- 

selves and the |>ii 

We afterward •'> 

the Sandwich I>1 'i 

cargoes of lunilier ti. 

time she had accoinj' i> 

and was commencing ■ 
we received rathiT m 
the lumber traile. etc, 

and just about tluit i '. 

vertisenient in a .San » 

bark that would sail in n i' ' 

tralia toucliing at Hi>n"l'il'i >' 

it would be well • ' 

leaving for Sun I • 

which I colli! 

sage lor Ibi ' 

weeks soom i : i 

plenty of time ti> - 'i 

atTairs. So 1 sailed f..i <( 

Lucky Star and re» " 

bark came in froiii I' ■' 

in the meantime that ' 

combined to force the 

cargo of lumber In a '•■'^ 

course divide tli- pnilil. I ' 

the cargo she w i i" ' 

it was then ju>i " 

was not in the 

demand. It wn- 

of inch lioards an 

woiilil retail from lli- 

ilollars to forty doll' ' 

Their best olTer " 

dollars per thiiii '♦ 

before my bark - 

I bad made up ir 

upon it. I had t 

I chose to do HOI in 

lot enclosed by n t't.' 

warehoiiHc upon ' 

wanted for the 

from OregMii, «ii. 

etc., whirli »!• 

cargoes and I" '<••<• - 

of the island* n* w«- ^^ 

land. So >..■! I 

day my b" 

my last inr 
We did not ■tuii- 

.lay nil ••>•• ' 

busy ' 

In m\ 

,1.. ■ 

b 



■» I «•» 



I • 
it. 



Thi- 



.jrk V|.ir..|..., 



56 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



back to Oregon after unloading with what 
freight I had secured for her return, princi- 
pally sugar. I kept steadily at it while I 
remained there — one year and a half. 

In the meantime (while I was there) a 
small brigantine sailed into Honolulu and was 
sold there, the purchaser intending to place 
her in the Oregon trade and had purchased 
about one hundred tons of sugar (about one- 
half her capacit}') for her first trip, and not 
being able to procure enough for a full 
freight, began to think poorly of his venture. 
He offered to s>-ll the vessel and the sugar 
for a fair price and I bought him out and 
fitted him out with a crew and freight I had 
waiting for the next return of the bark, and 
sent her to Oregon with an order for her 
return cargo of lumber, etc., etc. So then, I 
had two vessels in my service which I kept 
running until my Honolulu business was 
closed out and cleaned up. I sold both my 
vessels there. After my career there, which 
I spent very pleasantly and very profitably, 
I returned to Portland, taking passage on the 
Bark Live Yankee for San Francisco and 
proceeded to Portland again. 

I must here turn back in ray reminiscences 
to the time previous to our starting out in 
the Honolulu venture and relate what I 
should have written up before. I mean my 
first voyage to China on the Metropolis. This 
was in 1855, when Green and myself conceived 
the plan of making a venture to Hong Kong 
with a shipment of a cargo of lumber and 
ship-spars (on deck) and we acted upon it, 
and I went with her as super cargo, arriving 
safely at Hong Kong and making sale of my 
cargo, which I had to proceed to a port, 
Whampoa, about one hundred miles from 
Hong Kong, to make delivery of it. There 
I placed my bark in dry dock to rccopper, 
then returned to Hong Kong. After investing 
the proceeds from the sale of lumber in such 
Chinese' merchandise as I thought best for 
Portland, I sailed home, making a very satis- 
factory venture. I omitted to state above 
that in my cargo to Cliina in the Metropolis 
I carried over in her cargo three hundred bar- 
rels of Oregon flour; this was the first Ore- 
gon flour that had ever been sent to China 
for a market, and was the first export of 
flour to a foreign country made from Port- 
land. In the year 1907 one million four hun- 
dred and thirty-four thousand one hundred 
and fifty-three b.irrels were exported, show- 
ing quite an increase in the exportation of 
flour. Here I remained, assisting in the 
management of our business save the time 
in making two or three trips to New York 
to make purchases of goods in our business. 

During this period we closed our old con- 
cern, and Irving and Henry Green came to 
Portland to assist with their services on our 
business here. We had purchased a block of 
ground on which we had erected a nice bach- 
elors home in which we four lived very com- 
fortably. This block we paid twelve hundred 
dollars for and kept it until the date of the 
closing up of the firm of Leonard & Green; 
at that time Green and myself divided the 
ownorslii]) of it. each taking a one-half. I 
sold my one-half n few years since for fiftv- 



five thousand dollars. The estate of Green 
(his heirs) still own theirs and it is worth 
today at least one hundred thousand dollars. 
I merel}' mention this to show you something 
that will give you an idea of the advance 
of values in real estate in Portland. 

Some months before closing out o>ir busi- 
ness, Leonard & Green applied to the terri- 
torial government and to the city council for 
a gas franchise. We obtained it; at that time 
there were but two gas works on this coast, 
one at San Francisco and one in Sacramento, 
California. After obtaining our franchise, we 
started on the erection of our gas works. Mr. 
Green went east to purchase the necessary 
machinery, and our works were completed and 
gas turned on and the city lighted with gas 
in 1859. Before the completion of our works, 
we realized that we would require aid of a 
small vessel to ply between Portland and 
the coal mines at Nanaimo on Vancouver 
island to transport our coal for gas from 
there and hearing that one was for sale at 
Victoria that would answer the purpose, I 
went there and purchased her, taking her to 
Nanaima for a cargo of coal, loaded and 
brought her to Portland. I speak of this 
little brig, the Orbit, as you will see that 
later on she contributed to my making two 
voyages to Japan and the Amoor river in 
Siberia before we parted. Early in the spring 
of 1860 we found she was of no further use 
to us as a coal carrier, as coal of better 
quality for gas at a less price, was being 
brought to Portland and to get rid of her 
thinking she would bring a readier sale in 
San Francisco, we loaded her with lumber 
and away I sailed for San Francisco, sold ray 
cargo, but was not able to find so readily a 
purchaser for the vessel. After trying for a 
week or more for a purchaser in vain, I 
learned that a party of two who were looking 
for an opportunity for shipment to Nichol- 
aski on the Amoor river with a passage for 
themselves (two of them) and also another 
lot of about fifty tons for Hakodadi, Japan, 
was in the market. Both being quite out-of- 
the-way places then. Hakodadi being directly 
on the route, and this making nearly a full 
freight for ray little brig, I closed with them, 
wrote to Portland that within five days I 
would be on my way — I soon filled my brig 
with freight on my own account and was oft. 
I reached my destination and had a very 
favorable voyage. My vessel was the first 
that anchored in the Amoor in the spring of 
1860. as the ice had but just left the river 
and this was about the middle of .Tune. There 
was a scarcity of many necessary articles 
in that rushing port after their long winter, 
and my little vessel's advent just then was 
hailed with delight by the Russians. Having 
some freight space left after having dis- 
charg<>d my Japan merchandise at Hakodadi, 
I purchased there for my own account and 
received on consignment from others merchan- 
dise enough to fill my vessel, all of which 
was in good demand and found quick sale. 
After my brig was discharged, I sailed for 
home, touching at Hakodadi, to close up my 
business there. I purchased a few goods there 
to bring over with me (more as novelties than 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



59 



anything else) as there was not at that date 
even a beginning of trade thought of. I did 
bring over with me on my reaurn the very 
first specimen of what is now going on a 
large scale, which I must relate — a real live 
Japanese native, the first one ever seen in 
Portland; his name was Suzukie Kinzo, a 
young man about the age of twenty years, 
and it came about in this manner: 

The day I sailed for home, Mr. Rice the 
first American consul there, witli whom I 
was, of course, well acquainted, as he fre- 
quently invited me to his house to dine, said 
to me, regarding Kinzo, who was and had 
been I might say a ward of the consul and 
was in his household, this was when I saw 
him, as he waited upon the table, etc.." and I 
had taken quite an interest in him. He was 
fine looking, handsome and polite. He spoke 
English then fluently; this I had remarked, 
and in tins respect Mr. Rice himself said 
that during his residence there of nearly one 
year he had not seen his equal among the 
natives there in any respect. He then gave 
me as far as he knew, of his history. He 
said he walked into his office a few months 
ago and wished to see the American consul 
and Jlr. Rice gave him an audience. He came 
with his two swords on his person which was 
then a distinction of rank and honor in .Tapan; 
he seemed somewhat excited and possibly in 
trouble: said he was an entire stranger and 
had not an acquaintance there, that he was 
a native of Tokio, the capital of Japan, the 
residence of the emperor, and in fact con- 
fessed himself a refugee from there and was 
quietly smuggled on board a small Japanese 
junk bound for Hakodadi. He was in fact 
a political refugee, escaped from Tokio to 
save his life, and he voluntarily threw him- 
self into the arms of the American consul 
for protection. About this time Japan was 
in the throes of a revolution going on among 
themselves. The reformed party, to which 
Kinzo was allied was temporarilv the under 
dog, and he among many others, had to flee to 
save his life. Mr. Rice kindly sympathized 
with him and gave him refuge. His being in 
the "fold" as I may call it properly of the 
consuVs protection saved him from arrest and 
extradition back to Tokio and I have no 
doubt but the fact that I was just on the 
point of sailing away and bringing him with 
me was none too soon. To turn back a little 
after writing up Kinzo's advent into Hako- 
dadi. Mr. Rice said Kinzo came that morning 
to him to intercede with me to take him on 
my vessel : he was frightened and trembling, 
said he had received anonymoui letter* from 
some of the friends he had made there, giv- 
ing him warning that he would very soon be 
arrested, ilr. Rice said he had learned that 
a very strict watch was being kept upon him 
and gave it as his opinion that the only way 
of his escape to save his life would Iw in 
mv taking him with me on the Orbit; I (tai-l 
without hesitation. I will do it, but you know 
mv vessel is closelv watched by the harbor 
police and will be until I am oufide the 
harbor. His clerk. Mr. Pitts, was with ui 
a young American who had been there alHiut 
three vears and had acquired quite a facility 



in speaking Japanese. Colonel Rice uij Mr. 
Pilts has a plan which will »..rL .. i ...i t 
Mr. Pitts to explain it to n 
told me the plan; he -wiJ: "I u 
in my boat with my Aog and kux tomorrow 
morning about nine o'ilo<-l< an-l nil! m«k»- K 
so the liarlior police 
been in the habit of <\ 

down the straits to » iiiii.' .-n 

miles below to shoot iluck«. *r« 

all act|uainted with me n- • '. to 

see me with Kiiiru, niid ira 

about. You will leave th«- r«t 

ebb tide alwut t»o p. m. You wiil have bat 
little wind in the strniti* in the aflrrnooa. 
and about ten mile* Im'Iovt <>n (hr iiarbiiaH 
side I will shoot out from brhimf Ihn head' 
land of a little bay with V. 
side and we will come on 

my boat fast alonsnide; ti 

away anain on your c<uin<e. 

until dusk sets in, then I will • 

and with my dog, will start i 

pet the usual s«'a breorc aixl - 

the harbor after dark." I iwid: ' I'llt*. >.*ur 

plan is alright," and tho plan work».l lo k 

charm. We soon hi ' 

were soon clear of tli- 

the little Orbit nnii- m ■. 

toward Oregon ."iven th" ■ *3r. 

We took the extreme nor' irt- 

iiig along the southern •!; 'ka 

and the .\leutian i»hind» ' ''T 

currents and more favoral>U< 

a fine pas.sage for Victoria 

out of our way at nil. «• 

a little north of the •• 

Fiicha. I had ■' ' ' • 

and take a car 

had no freight 1 

.lapiince gonils I hi> 

to Portland after u ■• 

able little voynKP. ^i- 

piest man on bonrd 

mate to nhenr ' " 

he said he was ' 

Jol]II 

our 1' 

nn<l 1 , 

bach. ■' 

thnt 1 , ■•' ' 

(,„>llii>n in our ft*" 

faiil.fiilly fuH'IIH •• ' 

WOK a fai' 

nt hi» "til 

pri/<"< ill 

V 

( .iiiimv' 
l..". ! ' 



With 

...il. ! 



taiiir-1 til* IniUn.e on '- 



lar-l I nr« n rm <;•'•>* 



60 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



half an interest in filling her up with a ven- 
ture for Saigon in southern China. 

A large fleet of French war vessels had 
just preceded my arrival; they had passed 
througli Hong Kong coming down from Peiko 
in north China, where with an allied force 
of the British navy, they had been for some 
time fighting the Chinese, but the trouble 
was over. My unsold portion of my Oregon 
freight being suitable for ships' supplies, the 
joint venture the firm made with me was 
also selected, reasoning that the fleet would 
soon be short and they were in a poor port 
to replenish. I found it as we predicted, and 
soon sold out my whole cargo. My intention 
was to fill my vessel with Saigon rice on my 
own account and return to Hong Kong, as rice 
was scarce and high when I left and could 
I have done so I would have made a fine 
voyage, but the fighting going on then (on 
the river a few miles above the city) had 
completely stopped the coming in of rice 
and I could not buy a pound, but there was 
one China firm there that had just about 
a cargo which he Avished to ship to Macao, 
about forty miles soutli of Hong Kong, which 
I secured at a good rate of freight and de- 
livered safe in Macao (pronounced Makow.) 
The city and little island on which it stands 
and belongs has been there ever since China 
has been known to Portugal. This was about 
the middle of May, 1862. 

After closing up my business the next 
morning, my captain asked me. "Well, Mr. 
Leonanl, what will we do next?" I said, "We 
will run over to Ilong Kong today." "I was 
thinking last night." said he, "that if we 
could find a suitable cargo in Hong Kong 
for the Russians at Xicholacfsky and be the 
first to get there this spring as we were last 
spring, we could do well." "That's just what 
I was thinking of too." said I. "and if I can- 
not sell the Orbit there, it's what we will do." 
We then went over to Hong Kong and could 
find no purchaser for my brig. Lost no time 
in filling lier for another trip to the Amoor, 
filling my brig with goods for Nicholacfsky, 

After getting some consignments from my 
friends in Hong Kong, on which profits were 
to be divided equally in consideration for 
my freighting and commissions, I was off 
as soon as possible. Made a good run to 
Nicholacfskv, Siberia, arriving there June, 
1863. The 'little Orbit being the first vessel 
to reach tliere after the river was free 
from ice as she was the year before, my cargo 
found a ready sale at good profit. I soon 
left, sailing for Hakodadi, and secured a full 
cargo (on freight) for Shanghai. China. There 
sold my vessel to the agent of an American 
firm just then established in business in 
Yokohama, Japan. After closing up by busi- 
ness in Shanghai, after a week's stay, I took 
passage on the English steamer Ly. E. Moon 
for Hong Kong, where I had to close up my 
affairs; and here I must again speak of my 
little brig Orbit. Immediately after I sold 
her she left for her new home port and was 
with a niimber of other vessels lying at Woo- 
sung at the mouth of the river at anchor 
waiting for the weather to clear before start- 



ing out to sea to run over to her new liorne 
]iort in Japan. Our steamer on her way out 
passed close by her. Her captain and crew 
(so long with me) were on deck to give a 
parting salute which passed between us. A 
few days after reaching Hong Kong, an 
American bark came in, partially dismasted, 
that was also lying at Woosung as I passed 
out, her captain told me that the following 
day he and the Orbit went out in company 
and when both were fairly out in tlie Yellow 
sea a typhoon struck them, with whicli they 
had a hard battle; his ship was j)artially 
dismasted, but he reached Hong Kong. He 
said the brig. Avhich he watched from time to 
time as they were near together, and as far 
as he could see she rode out all right, making 
"better weather" than he did, but alas, this 
was the last authentic news that ever came 
back to me or to any one of the fate of her. 
Captain Sherman, his wife who went with 
him on his last voyage, the crew of si.x men, 
cook and boy, all went down.- About a month 
after I reached Portland a bai-k arri\ed from 
.Japan bringing nie tlie sad news that she 
never reached her destination. 

As soon as my business was closed in 
China I took passage for San Francisco in the 
fine ship (I forgot her name) be- 
longing to the firm of A. A. Low & Company, 
New York, Captain Charles Low, and had a 
fine trip. Reached Portland once more, tluis 
ending my cruising on the Pacific. I found 
all my interests in business going along 
satisfactorily under the management of John 
and Henry Creen and my brother Irving and 
Kinzo, in the employ of our gas company, and 
a member of our bachelor family. 

Shortly after we purchased the franchise 
of tlie Portland Water Company, which had 
been given to a party a short time previous, 
they had made but a small start, having 
laid but a few blocks of three-incli wooden 
pipe, bored out by hand and furnishing a 
supply for but a small portion of the town, 
taking their power from a steam sawmill (a 
very small beginning.) I soon started for 
New York and purchased about six hundred 
tons of cast iron pipe suitable for both gas 
and water distribution, also pumping engines 
and more gas macliinery, chartered the bark 
Julia Cobb and started her fully laden for a 
voyage around Cape Horn. She arrived al- 
right in Portland. Then our work commenced 
in earnest; building a pumping station on 
the river above the city, built our first reser- 
voir for city water and the laying of gas and 
water mains. Previous to this, we had en- 
tirely closed out our mercantile business and 
were devoting our entire energies and labor 
in keeiiing up our supply of both water and 
g,as with the increasing demands upon tliem 
by the growth of tlie city of Portland, which 
was fast increasing, making it necessary for 
me to visit the east yearly for the purpose 
of purchasing the machinery, pipe and sup- 
plies necessary to keep pace with the de- 
mands, and this continued until closing the 
sale of our water works to the city of Port- 
land, and later the sale of our gas works 
to the present gas company. These events, I 
can properly say, closed up the business 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP ORKOON 



61 



career of my olil partner. Mr. .John firecn 
and myself. 

I now must resume tlie story of Kinzo. the 
young Japanese I l>rou<rht over in the year 
1S60. He had faitlifully remained with us 
in our employ for nearly eight years. The 
day before I was starting for Xew York in 
the winter of 1S66 via the Panama route, he 
came to me and said lie would like to go 
with me as far as San Francisco, lie was 
then not very well and, as a trip might bene- 
fit him, I told him to get ready and go. he 
to stay there a few days and return next 
steamer. A few days after 1 sailed for 
Panama he met on the street in San Francisco 
four or five young .Japs, old friends of his. 
They recognized each other and they ex- 
changed the history of their lives since they 
had parted. They were the personal suite of 
Count Ito of Japan, on the way with him to 
Washington. They nished oil to their hotel 
and told the Count of their discovery. He 
sent them to Kinzo to invite him to call and 
see him; he went and Count Ito invitc<l liim 
to dine. He (Kinzo) next day returned the 
compliment to tlie Count. There was also at 
the hotel in charge of the Count, a party of 
about thirty young Japs, whom he was tak- 
ing to the states to place in suitable schools 
to prepare them for collegiate education. All 
were yoimg men of good families and no 
doubt tliat many of them today, if living, 
are among the leading statesmen of Japan. 

I knew nothing of these incidents above 
until I returned the next spring, when Kinzo 
related it (as written above.) which was 
brought out by my handing him a telegram 
which came to our office from Mr. C. W. 
Crooks. .Japanese consul at San Francisco, 
saying to Kinzo, "Count Ito has returned 
from Wasliington, goes to Japan next 
steamer, wishes you to join him. return to 
■Japan where a" government appointment 
awaits vou." He handed it to me to read. 
I asked him. "Wlio is this Count Ito, Kinzo?" 
He replied, 'lie is the greatest man. next to 
Mikado, in fact, the Premier." 1 asked^ him, 
'•Are vou not afraid to return there?" He 
said, '-Xo. not at all. I had a long talk with 
the Count when 1 met him in San Francisco, 
and mv countrv is all right now. tin' reform 
partv.whieh I 'joined before 1 h-ft there, went 
under at first and 1 was forced to llee to 
Hakodadi. when 1 met you and you save.1 my 
life. Had it not been for you I would have 
been soon arrested in Tlakodadi and taken 
back, and that would have l)een the Inst." I 
said. "Kinzo vou have asked my ndviee: we 
will hate to part with you. but this is another 
great turning point in your life. Het ready, 
take the next steamer and report your-«'lf to 
Count Ito and return with him." He did w. 
He wrote me on arrival there that the Count 
received him cordiallv and said we sail in 
two davs. "Mr. Kinzo, take this rherk on 
the bank for one thousand dollars. My othrr 
youn" men have been doing the .a.ne. unci 
each one investing the same anio.mt in the 
way 1 wish you to do. Finil <>ul 
what they have bought and - 
board our steamer, and purchase :..i ■ 
as they have overlooked in the way of l 



particularly mechanini' tool 
ments, and everj-thing •' ■ 
ture in our eounlry t 
us." He wrote ut.- 
away. Again Ip 
bidding me an ntr> 
away for his home itftn itn 
eight years. He wrnf.> n 
alwut a year lift. • 
he woulil pass tl 
next coming stoauM i mhih 
on his way to Knghind » 
bassador's suite !.■ 'ii' .."■' 
the capacity of 
(the first niinisi. 
hoped I could nn-ei ! 
not meet him. The • 
to England and < 
don I called at 
Kensington Park i.u 
joyed to meet me. T' 

about tnivili •' 

was in full 
and |)olite !■■ 
feel quite at home i' 
after 1 was in !,<'iil'' 
still in the Mime ' 
ter. He tolil im 
government to j 
health was not 
that but pave )i 
l>indoii to visit l 
gain his hv.iltii 
which he ii. 
home via tl" 

at home nlxnil •> >e.4r. .M 
me from .Inpnn, «nvinjr In- 
through San F- 
steamer, thin tin 
amlia-- ' * 
hav.. 1 
lit >'■ ■• 
\\ 

tl.- 1 

Bloolllheld. 
was till- !•••' 
of our 
n geii' 
hotel. 
Mv 1' 

J- 

1, 
I 
h«- w II' 111 



-I 

!| 
• I 



,ll*'l»»*ut t> 



62 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



no doubt that liad his life been spared him 
his next promotion would have been the next 
Japanese minister to our government. His 
career in life was a most interesting one and 
in which I was very much identified. 

In the year 1876 we sold our waterworks 
property to the city of Portland and in the 
year 1892 closed the sale of our gas works 
to the present gas company of this city. 
This closed up the partnersliip of the old 
firm of Leonard & Green, which was first 
formed in 1850, and we both retired from 
active business and turned our attention to 
our private affairs. 

GENERAL EDWARD BANCROFT WILL- 
ISTON, who is a descendant of the Bancroft 
family, which has been prominently and hon- 
orably identified with the military history of 
this country, was born in Vermont, in 1837, 
a son of Ebenezer and Elmira (Patridge) 
Williston, both of whom were natives of Ver- 
mont. The mother first married Colonel 
Burton, an oflRcer of the LTnited States army. 
By that union she had three children, one of 
whom died in infancy, the others beinc;: 
Henry, a graduate of West Point, whose 
death occurred in 1869, when he was colonel 
of the Fifth Artillery and was serving as a 
brigadier general; and Louisa, deceased, who 
was the wife of Dr. T. R. Crosby, also de- 
ceased. To Mr. and Mrs. Williston four 
children were born: Kate, who died when 
she was very young, Ellen, who is the widow 
of Henry Steel Clark, a clergyman, and is 
the mother of one daughter, Nellie, making 
her home with her mother; Edward, who died 
in infancy; and Edward Bancroft, the subject 
of this review. 

The last named acquired his education in 
the State Military College of Vermont. 
While there he took up such training as 
would fit him for work as civil engineer 
and immediately after leaving school he was 
employed in that capacity on a railroad. 
After one year's work he removed to Califor- 
nia and located near San Diego, where he con- 
ducted a stock ranch, raising both horses 
and cattle. Three years later he went to 
San Francisco and Mas connected there with 
government contracts until he received his 
appointment in the army in 1861. His first 
commission was as second lieutenant, but on 
the 27th of September, 1861. he was promoted 
to first lieutenant, and in March, 1865. was 
made captain. In 188.5 he was in the posi- 
tion of major and that of lieutenant colonel 
in 1896. Two years later he was made col- 
onel and on the 10th of May, 1898, viras made 
brigadier general of volunteers and was in 
command of troops at Chickamauga for sev- 
eral months, at the end of which time he was 
ordered to join the Seventh Army Corps in 
Florida. He commanded the First Brigade, 
Second Division, for several months and was 
later put in command of the entire Second 
Division. He took the division to Cuba dur- 
ing the Spanish-American war and his were 
the first American troops to land at Havana. 
A few months later they were ordered to 
Pinar del Rio, but after six months' service 
there he returned to Baltimore and arranged 



for the transportation of his regiment to 
Manila, where they arrived in April, 1899. 
At that time he was made provost marshal 
general and governor of the city. He had a 
separate brigade and held that position until 
his retirement on the 15th of July, 1900. 
He returned to the United States immediately 
upon his retirement and lived in San Fran- 
cisco until November, 1902. In that year he 
was commissioned for duty as deputy gover- 
nor of the Soldiers' Home in Washington, 
D. C. where he remained for four years. In 
.1907 he went to California, where he spent 
a short time before removing to Portland, 
Oregon, where he has since resided. His 
career as an officer in the army was marked 
by few sensational experiences but was one of 
steady progression, rising from one of the 
lowest offices to one of great importance. 
His service during the Spanish-American war 
was such as to commend him to the apjiroval 
of his superiors and won him several speedy 
promotions. 

General Williston has been twice married. 
In 1869 he wedded Miss Beatrice Moore, of 
Washington, D. C., a daughter of Colonel 
Moore. She was one of four children, all of 
whom are deceased, Orin, Bcthsheba, Sarah 
and Beatrice. To General and Mrs. Williston 
three children were bum, all of whom died 
in infancy. Mrs. Williston's death occurred 
in March, 1903. In that year the General 
was married, in San Francisco, to Miss Flo- 
rence E. Chatfield, a daughter of Ira and 
Elizabeth (North) Chatfield and one of eight 
children, being the only one to come to Port- 
land. 

Few men who are still actively engaged in 
business or military pursuits today have 
had the long and successful military career 
which has been General Williston's. Through- 
out his connection with the army he always 
won the regard and approval of his superior 
officers, this being due to the fact that duty 
commended itself to him on its own account 
and not as a means to favoritism. 

JUDGE MORTON D. CLIFFORD, a promi- 
nent practitioner at the bar of Baker county 
whose service on the circuit bench has re- 
flected credit and honor upon the judicial 
history of the state, was born in Ottumwa, 
Wapello county, Iowa, May 24, 1859, his 
parents being Harmon and Jane (Mahon) 
Clifford, the former a native of Scotland and 
the latter of Ireland. In childhood days they 
came to the LTnited States with their respec- 
tive parents and were married in Iowa. The 
father enlisted for service in the Civil war 
with an Iowa regiment, and was killed in bat- 
tle. The mother afterward came to Oregon 
with her son, .Judge Clifford, in 1870, and 
in Grant county, this state, was again mar- 
ried. She died in 1895 at the age of sixty- 
five years. 

Judge Clifford, the only child of his 
mother's first marriage, spent the first eleven 
years of his life in his native state, and in 
1870 came with his mother to Oregon. He 
was identified with the live-stock business 
ill this state until twenty years of age when 
he began studying law in the office of Hill & 
Mays at The Dalles, continuing with that 




K. II. \vn.l,IST(»N 



PUBLIC U3R-«^ 



TtUOtH f 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



65 



firm until admitted to the bar in October, 
1882. He then went to Canyon City and 
served as deputy sheritf for one year. In the 
spring of 1SS4 he was nominated district 
attorney on the democratic ticket for the 
sixth judicial district which comprised Grant, 
Baker, Union and Umatilla counties, those 
counties including at the time all of eastern 
Oregon. Judge Clifford was elected to the 
position and in 18SG was reelected district 
attorney, the term at that time being two 
years. In July, 1888, on his retirement from 
that position, he owned a law office at Can- 
yon City, where he continued in active prac- 
tice until January 6, 1890. He was then ap- 
pointed by Governor Sylvester Pennoyer to 
the position of circuit judge of the sixth 
judicial district. He served under appoint- 
ment until June of that year when he was 
elected to fill out the unexpired term of 
Luther B. Ison. In 1892 he was reelected 
for the full term of six years and in 1893 
was again chosen to that position so he 
served altogether for fourteen years upon 
the bench. His decisions were strictly fair 
and impartial, being based upon a compre- 
hensive knowledge of the law and the equity 
of the case. As a judge his work was marked 
by a masterful grasp of every problem pre- 
sented for solution, and he enjoyed not only 
the confidence of the general public but also 
the highest regard and admiration of the 
practitioners before the bar. On his retire- 
ment from tlie bench he entered upon the 
private practice of law in Baker City, join- 
ing the firm of Butcher & Correll under the 
firm style of Butcher, Clifford & Correll. 
This connection was continued until the 
death of Mr. Butcher, since which time prac- 
tice has been carried on under the firm 
style of Clifford & Correll. Judge Clifford 
gives practically his entire time and atten- 
tion to his professional duties, and his de- 
votion to the interest of his clients is prov- 
erbial. He has been a director in the Baker 
Loan & Trust Company since its organiza- 
tion, but otherwise concentrates his energies 
upon the preparation and proentation of his 
cases, and there are few men who win a 
larger percentage than does Judge Clifford. 
In 1885 was celebrated the marriage of 
Judge Clifford and Miss Kdith Ilazeltine. a 
native of Grant county, Oregon, and a daugh- 
ter of G. I. Ilazeltine. who was at one time 
county judge of that county. The two chil- 
dren of this marriage and Harold II., a prac- 
ticing attorney of Baker and Krma. at home. 
Judge aifford is verj- prominent in Masonic 
circles and was grand master of the grand 
lodge of Masons in Oregon in 189.V "e i» 
a Knight Templar, belonging to Baker com- 

mandery of which he is a past r.. ■.■■■<■- 

He has" also attained the thirty 
grce of the Scottish Rite and ht [ 

the sands of the desert with the .Vol.les ol 
Al Kader Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He 
also holds membership with the Klk.i »t 
Baker, and his fidelity to the principle* of 
these organizations ha.s won him thr hiRtj 
regard of his associates. He is howei^r, per- 
haps best known in connection with hi» pro- 
fessional career. His practice is cxtetwiv* 



and of an important character, •nd hia IcfU 

leaniing, his analyticut ' - ' ■' -. !i- 

noss with which he ■< 

an argument all comb.: - 

of the capable juritta oi the aMIc. 



DR. F. T. NOTZ, i 

veterinary liouril, luii 
gaged in the practice ..■! 
Balccr City for the past >iiv 
l>orn in the state of ' ' 
1876, and in a son it 
Xotz, who were born, 
the ohl country. '1 1 
United States in 187.'., 
where they .itill re'idiv i- 
l>om to Mr. and Mr». Not* 
the eldest of the thr*-)' wli 
next in order of birth i« • 
sephine, who become •' 
Ewen, of Californin. 
est member of the fan..,,., 
her parents. 

Dr. Xotz was reared in 
and given the advantagi-« 
school education. At the a; 
years he left the parental ' 
out to make hit own way i 
first engaged in the 
native state, but at ' 
withdrew from thii -u.-. 
fomia. There be oprnrd a 
he operated «ith very i. 
having derli|p<l to takr i 
veterinary •iuri'i-ry h>- ""M 
went to San Fronci»ro ti) 
sional stildle*. He w«« i." 
veterinary college of i' 
of lOnti, and immrd 
to Baker City ai«l ■>! 
choice of n viM-.ili.>n. 1 
decided ■■ • ■ •• ••' 



th 



hU 


natlva alaU 


of 

;r of 


a nimmoa 

twiTlT no» 

-4 




U 




<• 




>• 



V 



he is 11 

he is II 

though he r 

less than -i 

nired at one i.( ibi- 

of hi« profeMion In 

tnineil ' 

Hr hn- 

is frer|' 

parts 

nV'\ •■■ • 



t han 
stnt.- 

(■>. 
li 



nauN 
Al- 






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■">. 

I* 

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ni 
il 
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C. SI. (BowiM»» Uni»j rw «•"-» ^» • 



66 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



native of North Carolina and the mother 
of Indiana, but they are now residing in 
Baker City. Tliree cliildren have been born 
to Dr. and Mrs. Notz, as follows: Margaret 
v., Francis E. and one who died in infancy. 
Fraternally, Dr. Notz is connected with 
Olivet Lodge, No. 3C4, A. F. & A. M., Corn- 
ing, California, and lie also belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias. Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks, Woodmen of the World and 
the Wood Craft. His political allegiance he 
gives to the democratic party and at the 
present time he is discharging the duties of 
deputy sheriff. Dr. Notz is a man of many 
admirable qualities and is highly spoken of 
throughout the comnumity. where he has 
made many strong friends during the period 
of his residence. 

HENRY S. GARFIELD, M. D., a medical 
practitioner of the homeopathic school who 
has continuously and successfully followed 
his profession in Pendleton since 1890, work- 
ing his way upward until he stands among 
the foremost physicians and surgeons in this 
part of the state, was born in Olympia, 
Washington, January 31, 1860, his parents 
being Selucius and Sarah E. (Perry) Gar- 
field, both of whom were natives of West 
Shoreham, Vermont. Early in the 50's they 
came across the plains to the Pacifio coast, 
settling first in California, but after five or 
six years' connectimi with business interests 
there Selucius Garfield came to the north- 
west, establishing his home in Olympia, 
Washington. He Avas a member of the bar, 
having graduated from a law school in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. After establishing his 
home in Olympia he was appointed surveyor 
general, and made a most creditable record 
in public office. He had previously been 
prominent as a political factor in Kentucky, 
and was active in the campaign in which 
Buchanan was candidate for the presidency. 
After the election of his candidate J-Ir. Gar- 
field was ofi'cred several important presi- 
dential appointments, one of them being that 
of ambassador to the Court of St. James, 
but he preferred to remove to the west rather 
than enter upon diplomatic service, and fol- 
lowing his arrival on the Pacific coast Presi- 
dent Buchanan gave him the appointment of 
siu'veyor general of the northwest country. 
His prominence and capability furthermore 
led to his continuance in public office. In 
ISCii) he was chosen to represent his district 
in the United States congress, where he 
served until 1873. Subsequently he was ap- 
pointed by President Grant collector of cus- 
toms for the Puget Sound district with head- 
quarters at Port Townsend, Washington, in 
which capacity, however, he served only a 
year or two. He then retired from public 
life and resumed the practice of law. with 
which he was prominently identified to the 
time of his death in 1SS3 when he was sixty- 
four years of age. He was an able and dis- 
tinguislied lawyer, strong in argument, ready 
in expedience, logical in his deductions. His 
political allegiance was given to the demo- 
cratic party in early life, and he was a 
warm admir<'r of Ste]ihen A. Douglas, but 



during the period of hostilities in the Civil 
war his patriotic spirit placed him in the 
ranks of the republican party and he went 
upon the campaign platform in support of 
Lincoln. He ranked very high in Masonry, 
having attained the thirty-second degree of 
the Scottish Rite, and his ability and promi- 
nence in other connections placed him among 
the foremost men of his adopted state. 
jMoreover, he claimed relationship with some 
of the most distinguished men of the nation, 
having been a first cousin of Salmon P. 
Chase, secretary of the treasurj' under I'resi- 
dent Lincoln, and a second cousin of one of 
America's martyred presidents, James A. 
Garfield. 

His son. Dr. Henry S. Garfield, spent his 
youthful days in his parents' home, ac- 
quiring his education in the public scliools 
of Massachusetts and in a private school in 
Litiz, Pennsylvania, the family spending 
some years in the east dining and following 
the father's term in congress. After his 
return lo the northwest Dr. Garfield taught 
school in Thurston county, Washington, and 
in Umatilla county Oregon. Subsequently 
he was made a member of the surveying 
crew of the Oregon Steam Navigation Com- 
pany and continued in the engineering de- 
partment of the road for several years. Later 
he took up the .occupation of farming near 
Athena, Umatilla county, and was actively 
identified with agricultural pursuits for sev- 
eral years. He then entered commercial cir- 
cles in 1884 or 1885, conducting a furniture 
store in Pendleton until 1888 when he dis- 
])osed of his business to prepare for a pro- 
fessional career, and entered upon the study 
of medicine in the Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege in Chicago. He spent two years in that 
institution and then completed his course in 
the Hahnemann College at San Francisco, 
from which he was graduated with the class 
of 1890. Immediately afterward he returned 
to Pendleton where he opened an office and 
has since been engaged in active practice. 
He has served as health officer here, and 
at the present time is examining physician 
for the fraternal order of Eagles. In his in- 
dependent practice he has been most success- 
ful, being accorded a patronage which is in- 
dicative of his high position as one of the 
foremost representatives of the medical fra- 
ternity in this part of the state. 

On 'the 7th of September, 1879, Dr. Gar- 
field was united in marriage to Miss Nancy 
J. Howell, of Umatilla county, and unto 
them have been born four children: Ethel, 
who is the wife of Dr. William R. Scott, of 
Seattle, Washington; Lillian, who is married 
to Carey W. Foster, a banker of Prineville, 
Oregon; Chase, who is a reporter on the 
Walla Walla Union, and Leila, who is now 
living with her brother Cliase. On the 28th 
of October, 1900, Dr. Garfield was again 
married, his second union being with Mrs. 
Felicita F. McKee, of Pendleton. They are 
well known socially here and have a circle 
of friends almost coextensive with the circle 
of their acquaintance. Dr. Garfield serves 
as county physician of Umatilla county and 
at this writing is candidate for county coro- 



THE CENTEXNTAL TTTSToKV iiK OKKGON 



67 



iier on the repiiblieuii ticket witliuut op- 
position. He is a ineiiiber of Duiiion Lodge, 
No. i, K. of P., and of Pendleton Aerie Xo. 
2S, F. O. E. He is a public-spirited citizen, 
and yet his interests and activities are chief- 
ly concentrated upon his professional duties 
which have been constantly growing in vol- 
ume and importance. 

LEWIS H. POTTER. Honored and re- 
spected by all, there is no man who occupies 
a more enviable position in the business and 
financial circles of Kugene than Lewis iL 
Potter, the president of the ilerchants Bank. 
He has been identified with the banking busi- 
ness since 18S9 and long experience well (Quali- 
fied him to assume the chief executive posi- 
tion in the institution with which he is now 
connected. Oregon numbers him among her 
pioneer settlers, for his birth occurred in 
Lane county, December 17, 1S5S, his par- 
ents being William A. and Louisa (Zum- 
walt) Potter. The father is one of the promi- 
nent residents of Oregon, with the develop- 
ment and i)rogress of which he has been 
closely connected since ISol. He was boni 
near Hubbard, Trumbull county. Ohio, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1825, and was descended from an 
old Pennsylvania family of (!erman origin, 
the name having been originally spellnl I'oth- 
our. David Potter was born on the banks of 
the Juniata river in Pennsylvania in 1781 
and was married in Ohio to Anna McCreary, 
who was of Irish lineage. They began their 
domestic life upon a farm, the father spend- 
ing seventy-five years in one locality in that 
state, his death occurring when he had 
reached the age of ninety-six. William .\. 
Potter was the lifth in "a family of nine 
children and in 1845 started out in the world 
on liis own account, removing westward to 
Grant county, Wisconsin, where he engaged 
in lead mining for six years. In 1851 he 
started for the Pacific coast, securing an out- 
fit consisting of wagon and three yoke of 
oxen. He traveled with a train of sixteen 
wagons and after six months spent upon 
the way they reached Oregon. During the 
.succeeding winter Mr. Potter was a resident 
of Milwaukie and then took up the profes- 
sion of surveying, assisting in making the 
government surveys of dilTerent parts of 
the Willamette valley. In l'<5n he secured 
a 'donation claim of one hundred and sixty 
acres in Lane county but the same year 
started with a party for the lmpf|iia mines. 
However, word was received that the In- 
dians were causing great troiibb- to the pros- 
pectors of that district and the course of 
the party was changed. Finally they went 
to the mining regions of Yreka, where Mr. 
Potter carried on mining for a little more 
than a year. In 1854. however, he re- 
turned to Lane county and thereafter larcrlv 
engaged in farming and storkrii; 
ing disposed of his original il 
tered another of one hundred an < 
a mile and a half north of lr\ 
ried on the work of tillinir tln' - 
ing stock. After some yi:ir-. Ir 
that property and. although h. 
in various localities, always engng.d in !.»riii 



ing until the full i.i 

from active life unM 

tract of land in IrMiix- >■■ 

seventy-four and u half utn-. 

half southeast uf Kugrne, wliuU m uttlkicU 

for stoekralsiiiir. 

In 1SJ5 Will:. ■ ■■ 
marriage to I., 
born in .Missoii 
1847 came acr.' 
ents, Mr. and M 
tlier mention ol tiii- 
neetion with tin- »k> - 
on another page ul > 

Lewis II. i'ottir v : in tlia puhlW 

schools nnil the l'n>< 
ing its first eliiss. I 
niercial course tv " 
h'ge and. eiitei i- 
nected with tli> . 
Oregon-t'alifornia I; 
to Ashland. In l"*'- ■ 
as bookkeeper in the I ii-' 
Kugene, with which !»• . 
teen years, wli 
to accept the : 
Hank of Kugti 
bniMin); up a 
stitutioii. I'lll. 
banking m 
the baliiii' 
absolute safely. 

In 1X90 Mr. Pottor vtn* itnilwl li» marrtaar* 
to Miss Anna I' 
Andrew W. Pa' 
have I 
Leo, i 
now ;:. 
longs to ^ 
F., of win 
lamp. No. ll.j, \\ 
through all "f th" ■ 
sul. For ' 
Millionnir> 

I 

fiiitli i> t 
whi' Il II'' 
serving ii' 

rtmrrh Ir" 



(•(.■nit nr 
rial and << 

0. D. TH 



the 



68 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



marriage Dr. and Sirs. Teel settled in Fort 
Jicott, Kansas, and in 1860 crossed the plains 
with ox teams to Oregon and located at 
Umatilla where Dr. Teel was the flrst physi- 
cian appointed at the Indian agency. Sub- 
sequently they removed to Lebanon and later 
to Pendleton. In 1861 they took up govern- 
ment land on the Umatilla meadows to which 
they later removed and purchased adjoining- 
land so they owned in all about one halt 
section. Dr. Teel had an extensive practice 
and was widely known throughout this sec- 
tion of the country. For several years he 
■was coroner of Umatilla county. He died 
in 18S0 at about the age of seventy-four 
and his wife is still living, having now 
reached the advanced age of eighty-two 
years. She resides with her son, 0. D. Teel, 
of this review. 

0. D. Teel was reared under the parental 
roof and acquired his early education in the 
public schools of Utamilla county where the 
facilities for acquiring learning at that time 
were very limited. Later, during the school 
years of 1883-84 and 18S4-85 he was a 
student at the Willamette University at 
Salem. Subsequently he engaged in the 
cattle business, herding his cattle on the 
range, and after the passing of the range he 
became very active in securing irrigation, and 
in conjunction with his father built the lirst 
irrigation ditch through this section of the 
county. He now engages very extensively in 
raising alfalfa. He owns over two hundred 
acres of land. Not having married he re- 
sides with his brother. Twig Teel, who co- 
operates with him in his farming. The 
brother. Twig Teel, was born in Kansas on 
March 27, 1860, and was only six weeks old 
when his parents started across the plains. 

0. D. Teel is an independent in politics 
and believes in casting his vote for the man 
who is best qualified to lill the office. Fra- 
ternally he is identified with the Umatilla 
Lodge, No. 40, A. F. & A. M., and is a mem- 
ber of the Pendleton Chapter No. 23, li. A. 
M., and of the Pendleton Commandery, No. 
7, K. T. He also belongs to Al Kader 
Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S., of Portland. He 
is an earnest, progressive man, interested in 
the welfare of his county, and is one of its 
prominent residents. 

HANS OTT, of Baker City, was born No- 
vember 24, 1866, in Switzerland, a son of 
Jacob and Regula Ott, both of whom were 
natives of that land where they were reared, 
married and died. In their family were 
eleven children, of whom Hans Ott, the 
youngest, is the only survivor. He had the 
benefit of a college education in his native 
land, where his youth was spent and where 
he also learned the printer's trade. When 
twenty years of age he left home and came 
to America, the voyage across the Atlantic 
proving a most perilous one, for the vessel on 
which he took passage encountered a heavy 
sea and was wrecked, forty-three passengers 
being drowned. Mr. Ott landed safely on 
American soil and proceeded westward from 
New York to Kansas. After a short time 
spent in that state he removed to Colorado, 



where he established a German newspaper, 
doing both the editorial work and the type- 
setting himself. After a period of one year 
thus spent he disposed of his paper and in 
the summer of 1889 came to Baker City, Ore- 
gon, where he has since remained. After his 
arrival here he purchased a ranch in the 
vicinity of town, which he farmed for several 
years, meanwhile assisting in the digging of 
the thirteen-mile irrigation ditch in Eagle 
valley. Selling his ranch in 1909 he removed 
to the city, where he was given charge of 
the cemetery, and during the three years that 
he has acted in that capacity he has given 
excellent satisfaction. 

In liis political affiliations Mr. Ott Is a 
democrat. He is a member of the Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters and has gained a 
large number of friends in this community. 
He owns a residence and two lots in Baker 
City, evidences of industry and thrift and 
wise investment, and is numbered among the 
substantial citizens of this locality. 

JOHN MALDON LAIDY is the owner of 
valuable and desirable property in Baker 
and also has ranching and mining interests 
in this part of the state. He makes his 
home at No. 2805 Washington avenue and 
from this point directs his business affairs 
which, intelligently managed, are bringing 
to him a gratifying measure of prosperity. 
He has been a witness of the growth and 
development of the northwest for almost fif- 
ty-eight years and is, therefore, largely fa- 
miliar with the history of this section of the 
country as it has emerged from pioneer con- 
ditions and taken on all of the advantages 
of a modern civilization. He was born in 
Clarke county, Washington, September 25, 
1854, his parents being Joseph and Nancy 
Caroline (Milton) Laidy. The father was a 
native of Georgia and the mother's birth oc- 
curred in eastern Tennessee, March 11, 1820. 
They were married in Missouri, and unto 
them were born two childrert, the elder be- 
ing Tennessee Nevada, now the deceased 
wife of Dr. Taft. By a former marriage the 
father had three daughters. Mrs. Jane Jamie- 
son, living in Vancouver, Washington; Mrs. 
Ann Elizabeth Parker; and Mrs. Candace 
Files, both now deceased. In the year 1853 
Joseph Laidy came with his family to the 
northwest, traveling with ox teams from 
Bates county, Missouri, to Clarke county, 
Washington, where he secured a donation 
land claim twelve miles east and north of 
Vancouver. There he resided until 1856, 
when the Indians became so troublesome that 
the family left their claim and sought safety 
at Fort Vancouver. While there the father 
became ill and passed away in the fort, 
April 14, 1856, when forty-seven years of 
age. The mother afterward settled in Wash- 
ington county, Oregon, where she became the 
wife of W. C. Rugh, there residing imtil 
about 1864, when a removal was made to 
Umatilla county. In 1869 the family came 
to Baker county, settling five miles west of 
Baker City, where they lived for about thir- 
teen years, or until 1882, when they took up 
their abode in the county seat. There the 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



mother of our subject died, in October, 1906. 
The two children of her second marriage are 
Mrs. A. A. Deally, of Baker, and Abra May, 
now deceased. 

John M. Laidy remained with his mother 
during the various removals until the fam- 
ily home was established in Baker. He has 
since resided in this city, living at Xo. 2S05 
Washington avenue. In addition to this 
property he owns one hundred and si.xty 
acres of land twelve miles east of Baker 
and his ranching interests bring to him a 
substantial financial return. He owns a 
half interest in the Intermountain mine, 
which is a well developed quartz property, 
from which has been taken a considerable 
amount of gold. Mr. Laidy also owns a 
business block in Baker and a number of 
dwellings which he rents, his realty posses- 
sions contributing largely to his annual in- 
come. 

On the 20th of May, 1890, Mr. Laidy was 
married in Pendleton, Oregon, to Miss Ella 
B. Grey, who was born in Bontonvillo, Ar- 
kansas" November 25, 1858. On coming to 
the coast she first lived in California and 
afterward made her way to Oregon. Mr. 
Laidy belongs to the Woodmen of the 
World, but has never cared to figure prom- 
inently in political or fraternal connections. 
He aiid his wife have gained many friends 
during their residence in Baker and he well 
deser\-cs mention in this volume as one of 
the honored pioneer settlers of the state 
within the borders of which he has now lived 
for almost fifty-eight years. Time and man 
have wrought many changes during this 
period and in almost any section of the state 
may now be seen the advantages of a pro- 
gressive civilization. There is comparatively 
little unclaimed and undeveloped land and 
the efforts of such men as Mr. Laidy have 
brought about the present-day progress and 
prosperity. 

ELMER SMITH SPIKE is the owner of a 
beautiful ranch of one hundred and twenty 
acres located near Echo, fmatilla county, in 
thi.s state. He is one of the practical ami 
successful dealers in stock, his business boinc 
confined largely to the purchase of cattle 
which he feeds" on his ranch for the market. 
He was bom in Yates county. Xew York. 
February 15, 1872, and is a son of Frank and 
Martha E. (Rackham) Spike, both of whom 
are natives of the Empire state, in which 
they were united in marriage and whi-re Mr. 
Spike followed the occupation of a farmer. 
In 18S5 he moved with his family to Ore 
gon. locating on Hay creek, Crook county. 
He, however, remained here but a very short 
time when he removed to Echo and cxtab- 
lished his residence and here he has sinco 
continued to reside. 

Elmer Smith Spike was reared in his 
father's home and received hi« <arly educa- 
tion in the common schools. .\t the ngv Of 
twenty years he started on his rnrp<T. en- 
paging at that time in the cattle bu.«inim». 
using for his pasture lands the open puhlic 
range. Here he continued to devote hi« en- 
tire attention to this industry until the clo«- 



"K- =•■ 



ing of the public 1 
has transferred h. 
his ranch adjoinn. 
sometime he wu;* ' 
business in Kihi>. l.nt 
tinued this bu.-<]n<'nt un 
attention eiitin-ly r 
selling of sheep .< 

Mr. Spike wat 
Millie Teel, Noveii 
daughter of Dr. .lo; : 
physicians of I'mutilla (.'uimiy 
of whom the reader i» ff-rr 
part of thi.H work. Ti. • 
.Mrs. Spike five childi. ■ 
whom four are still li. 
Eleanor, Mildri'd and .1 
tains an indep<-ii.|. ii . ■ 
matters, paying ii' 
the man and tin- i> > 
rather than to ob^rrvi' mi 
to a political orgiinifnlion 
of the present tm* 
member of the ( k 
dependent Order »t ii.; 
ber of Meadows Tent I 
M. Mrs. Sp.L- .- . 
Methodist I:: 

For many ; 
tention to Bever;ii 
of which he was - 
years he has cm 
looking after hia 
csts. He is I ■■ 
ing citizens < 

associate hiin-n -.ii ....■...■ 

ing for its purpose the bw-ttermi-nt n( 
tioiis for the [Htiple. 

JOHN H. TORCIER \T-n-? '►: 
known dealers in : 
pap^^r at I'-dkiT i* 
born in 
1864. M 
Switzerl 
come t" 
and w;i. 
which i 
year*, m 

Oroline liirK>''r. '• ' 
were the pnr«-nt. <.f . 
whom » 
in Port 
widow 
.John II 
ht 



*n«i 



lor A •&rt.-h 

I 



w»i ^.^•r-«t«^ ht fh» 



e\l 

pnr 

th ■ 

Fn 

nv. • 
In 

n<- 
hi. 



70 



THE CENTENNIAL IIISTORV OF OREGON 



born ill JJiiionk Illinois a daughter of Wil- 
liam Lewis deceased who during his lifetime 
was employed as a carpenter. The mother, 
Elizabeth (Koseborough) Lewis, was born in 
Centralia, Illinois, and is now living in Baker 
(Jity. Mr. and Jlrs Torgler are the parents 
of two children: Edith, who is a student in 
a business college; and Howard, who is at- 
tending school. 

Mr. Torgler is a republican in his political 
faith, and his fraternal connections include 
membership in the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elk.s, with Lodge No. 338, ,of Baker, 
and the Woodmen of the world. Mrs. Torg- 
ler is a member of the Forest Circle and the 
Woman's Auxiliary of the Woodmen of the 
World. By his long residence in Oregon, 
during all of which time he has been en- 
gaged in a useful trade and vocation, Mr. 
Torgler has come to be well known through- 
out Baker. He has acquired a reputation 
for reliability and the strictest integrity and 
as a result his business continues to grow 
in volume and to yield him annually more 
lucrative returns. He is respected in "all cir- 
cles of the cit}', wliere the Torgler family 
is recognized as being among the best. 

PETER W. SEVERSON. The real destiny 
of the nation is not being worked out by 
the men who stand in the glare of publicity; 
indeed, such men are often serious obstacles 
to progress. In society as in nature, it is 
the quiet, unseen forces that are most ef- 
fective in moulding and evolving those con- 
ditions, physical, mental and spiritual, that 
make for the betterment of mankind. 

Oregon has been developed by the quiet, 
earnest men and women wlio have gone 
about their allotted tasks, heedless of the 
discomforts, and discouraging adversities of 
pioneer life, content to fulfill their duty in 
the sphere to which they have been called. 
Such an one is Peter W. Severson. Modest, 
unassuming, even retiring in disposition, he 
has, none the less, ever been keenly alive 
to all that pertains to human welfare, and 
while no history of Oregon would be com- 
plete without some mention of this man 
who cast his lot with the pioneers of the 
Pacific coast, yet his munificent gifts to the 
cause of education as represented by Willa- 
mette University, and to those grand in- 
stitutions for moral uplift — the Young Men's 
Christian Association and the Young Wom- 
en's Christian Association — entitle him to 
special mention. The name of the donor 
of these wise and generous endowments shall 
endure as one of the great benefactors of 
the Pacific coast. 

Peter W. Severson is a representative of 
one of the old Knickerbocker families which 
left their lasting impress on the state of 
New York. His immediate ancestors lived 
for a number of generations in Broome 
county, and some of them participated in 
the bloody scenes of that Revolution which 
won American liberty. After the war, they 
settled down to the peaceful pursuits of 
agriculture, in which occupation the father 
of our subject was engaged at Conkling, 



near Binghamton, New York. Here Peter 
\V. Sjeversoii was born on JIarcli lit, iti'M, 
his parents being Philip and Abigail 
(Weaver) Severson. Our subject was reared 
on the home farm, receiving such educational 
advantages as the public schools of his day 
allorded. He also had his share of the liarm- 
less enjoyments of youth, but that liis life 
has always been a model ol morality and 
temperance is evident to all. 

In physical vigor this octogenarian might 
\\ell be the envy of many men a score of 
yeais his junior. 

In the near-by city of Binghamton, young 
Severson learned the trade of carriage and 
wagon maker, which he followed there until 
ISati. In that year he went to San Pran- 
cisco via tlie Isthmus of Panama, and fol- 
lowed his trade for two years. Then the 
lusli of the miners to the Presh Kiver gold 
fields caused a depression in his line of woik, 
and Mr. Severson decided to try his for- 
tune in Portland. Here he allied himself 
with two enterprising young blacksmiths, 
and the trio began the manufactui'e of 
wagons under the tirm name of Clark, Hay 
& Company. That partnership continued for 
about two years. From that time until 
about ten or twelve years ago, Mr. Severson 
continued to manufacture wagons, some- 
times alone and at other times with partners. 
About twenty-live or thirty years ago, Ur. 
Severson and his wife took up their resi- 
dence on the east side, where a thriving 
village- had begun to develop. Mr. Severson 
finished some work for a man, and as jjay 
accept.ed the block bounded by East Ankeny 
and Burnside and Ninth and Tenth streets. J 
Blocks in that neighborhood were then sell- I 
ing for two hundied and two hundred and * 
fifty dollars each. Some of this property Mr. 
Severson still retains. He has always been 
thrifty and prudent, though never penurious, 
and the investments purchased witli his sav- 
ings enhanced with the growth of Portland 
until Mr. Severson long ago had acquired 
liecuniary indejjendence. 

ilr. Seversou's first work was done for 
John Middleton, who owned the lot at the 
northeast corner of Fifth and Morrison 
streets where he lived. The debt thus con- 
tracted remained unpaid until ISGl, when in 
order to settle his account, Mr. Middleton 
sold the lot to Mr. Severson, accepting for 
the balance due him seventeen hundred dol- 
lars in greenbacks, which at that time were 
worth only about fifty cents on the dollar. 
At that time Mr. Severson did not look 
upon his purchase as a bargain, but he re- 
tained possession of it until about two years 
ago when he sold the lot for two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars. 

In his young manhood Jlr. Severson was 
united in marriage with Miss Sarah Ann 
Austin who was a native of New York state, 
but who was reared in Woodstock, Illinois, 
whitlier her parents had removed when that 
was considered the far west. Mrs. Sever- 
son was a devoted wife and help-meet, shar- 
ing in his discouragements and in his hopes. 
Their many years of hapjjy companionship 



THE NE 

PUBLIC LI3R.-.BY 

«eTc«. uNoy »No 

L 




p. W. SEVERS<:)N 




MUS. I' U ^KVKU.-x'N 






THE NEW ,: 
PUBLIC LIBF 



*»TC- 
TILDE' 



TIIK CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



were inteinipted about fourteen year? ai,'o 
when Mrs. Severson was called to the Ureiit 
Beyond, leaving her beloved partner to tin- 
ish the journey alone, there being no chil- 
dren or near relatives to cheer his declin- 
ing years. 

In matters politic Mr. Sevei'son follows the 
republican standard and has long been an 
earnest and steadfast advocate of the plat- 
forms and measures of this great party. 
■ Like Andrew Larnegie, Mr. ^evei'son seems 
to believe tliat it is a crime to die rich, 
and lie decided to devote his fortune 
to ]ihilanthropic work. The following ac- 
count of the transfer of a large portion of 
Mr. Scverson's fortunes to the three in- 
stitutions mentioned in the beginning of this 
sketch, is taken from the March 24 issue 
of the Oregonian: 

"A portion of the securities he had al- 
ready decided upon giving to the V. M. I'. 
A. and the Y. V\'. C. A., when he became 
informed about three weeks ago of the cam- 
paign which Fletcher \V. Homan. president 
of Willamette University, is waging to raise 
an additional endowment fund of live hun- 
dred thousand dollars. After negotiating 
with vice president Todd of Willamette Lni- 
versity. and -John W. Ilancher, counsellor to 
the university, arrangements were linally 
completed, and the transfer of the securities 
to the three institutions was made in the 
ottice of .J. L. Wells, Mr. Severson's Agent. 

"The act of transfer marked a moment 
of solemnity. R. A. Booth and A. M. 
Smith, regents of Willamette University, A. 
F. Flegel and Vice President E. H. Todd 
were present, representing the university; 
W. M. Ladd and S. A. Brown represented 
the Y. M. C. A., and E. C. BronaugU and F. 
D. Chamberlain the Y. W. C. A. 

'•As Mr Severson affixed his signature to 
the documents that meant the relinquish- 
ment of the income from two hundred thou- 
sand dollars for the support of the three 
big institutions, not a sound broke the still- 
ness that pervaded the room. 

•In a letter given to Mr. Todd shortly 
after the signing of the papers, he said: 

•' 'In the contribution which I have this 
day made to Willamette University. I wish 
to express through you, to the I'rcaident and 
Trustees of the University, the great pleas- 
ure I have in thus being able to contribute 
to the higher values and larger uselulnc<.-« 
of this worthy institution for the pr.-.-iit 
and for all coming years. 

" 'I have decided to do thi.<« now, to give 
inspiration and impetus to your present cam- 
paign for five hundred thousand dollars en- 
dowment. While I have made this gift with- 
out condition or reservation, I expect that 
vou, the University authorities ond patron*, 
will hold yourselve's and all of you in honor 
bound to "carry forwanl your pre.tent cam- 
paign, until you shall have completed the 
net sum of four hiindred and tw.ntv flv.- 
thousand dollars, which yon 
started to raise, independent of ni; 
bntion. I want mine to be over and atiove 
that, both for the larger usefulness of thr 

Vol. II— 4 



I'niversity, and fur tin- ^rralrr rixmI |o 

people who mil ....... i..,. i 

•■•The don I ■ 
Morrison «l i ■ ■ 
poverishes the doimr. N" 
many other hoMm-/-. -t-. 
by judicious in>- 
dence profH-rty .1 
and ai 
to the 
si>ciati..i,. ..... 

put to a good a: 
which he had o»i i i 

•• •This donation i» 
in the history of i.'ir 
of endowment.' si 
tion of his uits- : 
will. I believe, k; 
among the frien 
mette that will 
completion of om 
tional r — "■ ■ - 
dred II 
place t . 

enormous and succ<*«4lul di*^rlo|iiiH*iit m 
the next few yo«r«. 

• Would that ther 
Peter W. Severson. ii 
of riches lin ' 
b<>on an m 
of wealth, ti.- 
enriched from c.' 
aeter. Mis -vn 
him a vain, 
fluence of Ir- 
felt by those 
tact, and hi< 
with his un- 
others, has 
the great b<-Ti 



Um 



IhiK 



life . 



W. H 
late a- 
caujies. 
tually 

orntile 

V;i T- 
•r; 

T" 

cr. 

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tr.i 
r<- 1 

til 
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b.l- 

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tl 

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BVnWMNf'. 



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of 



76 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



the northwest, settling first at Spokane, 
Washington. In the spring of 1896, how- 
ever, he removed to Baker, Oregon, and be- 
came connected with the bakery business in 
partnership with W. E. Baker. They were 
associated in the conduct of this enterprise 
for two years under the firm style of Baker 
& Browning. In the fall of 1897 Mr. Brown- 
ing was married and at that time estab- 
lished his present grocery business. He is 
now handling a complete line of groceries 
and bakery goods and is meeting with grat- 
ifying success in the conduct of his store, 
which is well appointed and tastefully ar- 
ranged. The excellence of the products 
which he handles too is an element in the 
conditions and gratifying growth of his 
business. 

It was in 1897 that Mr. Browning wedded 
Miss Linnie Bowers, a native of Illinois, 
where she was reared. For the past twelve 
years Mr. Browning has held membership 
with the Modern Woodmen of America. He 
is a loyal and devoted member of the Bap- 
tist church and for a number of years hag 
been superintendent of the Sunday School, 
while in different branches of the church 
■work he takes an active and helpful interest. 
In his associations therewith is found the 
motive spring of his conduct. In business 
he has ever conformed to a high standard 
of commercial ethics and has ever recog- 
nized the fact that satisfied customers are 
the best advertisements. 

WILLIAM JACKSON WATTENBURGER 

is one of the largest land owners in eastern 
Oregon, holding title to one thousand acres of 
the farm lands in Morrow and Umatilla 
counties, all in one body. He was born in Sul- 
livan county, Missouri on October 30, 1860, 
and is the son of Jacob and Mary A. (Hatcher) 
Wattenburger, both natives of Tennessee, 
■who removed when children with their respec- 
tive families to the state of Missouri and 
in that state were united in wedlock. In 
1862 Jacob Wattenburger crossed the plains 
and made his first settlement in the far west, 
in what was at that time the territory of 
Nevada, locating at Austin where he con- 
tinued his residence for a period of two years 
and was identified with the mining business 
in that locality. In 1864 or 1865 he removed 
to California, locating in Lake county, at 
■which place he at once engaged in the further 
pursuit of the mining industry. In 1879 he 
removed to Oregon where he" maintained a 
temporary residence for a period of eighteen 
months during which time he made a careful 
inspection of that portion of eastern Oregon 
and finally established his home on a ranch 
on Butter creek. This place is now within 
the boundary lines of Morrow county but 
at the time of his settlement it was ■within 
the domain of Umatilla county. The soils 
of this location were especially adapted to 
the growing of cereals and Mr. Wattenburger 
accommodating himself to the situation con- 
fined himself to the growing of wheat, of 
which cereal he made a specialty. He lived 
on this ranch and continued its development 
and cultivation for a period of twenty-eight 



years, at which time he established his resi- 
dence in Echo and has since remained a citi- _ 
zen of that community. He is now seventy- ■ 
one years of age, still hale and hearty and in " 
the possession and exercise of all his natural 
powers. He was married at the early age 
of seventeen and is exactly twenty years 
older than his son, the subject of this review. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. South, his wife being a member of 
the United Brethren church. 

William Jackson Wattenburger was reared 
in the home of his parents and received his 
early education in the district common 
schools. He remained in his father's home 
until attaining his majority and on the day 
following his twenty-first birthday he began 
the independent struggle in the battle of life. 
On that day he made his first business ven- 
tiire by filing on a government homestead 
in Morrow county, on which he at once took 
up his residence and remained for a period 
of seven years. Having proved his title to 
his land he removed to a ranch which he had 
rented, located on Butter creek, Umatilla 
county. Here he remained for two years, 
devoting himself to the business of farming. 
Later he purchased a ranch containing four 
hundred acres located on Butter creek to 
which he removed and subsequently increased 
his holdings by the purchase of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres adjoining this ranch, 
making in all a farm of seven hundred and 
twenty acres. He continued prosperous in 
all his agricultural enterprises and believed 
in nothing so supremely in the business world 
as he did in the abiding value of good farm 
lands of Umatilla county. He accordingly 
added by purchase two hundred and eighty 
acres adjoining his farm. This last purchase 
giving him in round numbers the magnificent 
holdings of one thousand acres of land, lo- 
cated in the far northeast part of Umatilla 
county and Morrow county. In 1908 he in- 
vested in several town lots in Echo and 
here he built a residence suited to his con- 
venience into which he moved from his farm. 
In 1910 he built his present commodious 
residence across the river from Echo on a 
plot of ground containing seven acres and 
here he has established his permanent home. 
He still owns his farm of one thousand acres 
on Butter creek, which he now operates under 
a lease to a tenant. He is identified with 1 
the republican party and is one of the solid 1 
representatives of the political principles 
maintained and advanced by this dominant 
organization. He at present serves as road 
supervisor. 

William J. Wattenburger was married on 
February 14, 1886. to Miss Lizzie May Davi- 
son, -vvho is a daughter of John Davison, of 
Yamhill county, her parents having removed 
to Oregon from Illinois in 1877. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Wattenburger five children have been 
born: Ina May, now a teacher in the Hermis- 
ton schools; Cora Agnes, the wife of C. B. 
Green, a resident farmer of Umatilla county; 
Minnie Audrey, the wife of R. H. Stabish, 
■nho is connected with the Western Land Ir- 
rigation Company, having his residence in 
Umatilla county; and Lilly Myrene and Veda 
Vivian, both of whom are at home with 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



77 



their parents. Mr. Wattenbiirger and his 
wife are both members of the United Breth- 
ren church. 

William Jackson Wattenburger is justly 
entitled to rank among the foremost and 
most successful agriculturists of eastern 
Oregon. His highly developed farm on Mut- 
ter creek is a monument to his industry 
and economy. He is now living a retired life 
at Echo and in every way so conducts his 
social and business a^airs as to reflect great 
credit upon himself. 

JULIUS NEWTON HART. One of the 

able, prosperous and well known attorneys 
of Portland, formerly of Baker City, is Ju- 
lius Newton Hart, who was born in Wayne 
county, niinois. May 1."!. 1869, his parents 
being John S. and Minerva Jane (Neal) 
Hart. The father's birth occurred in Carroll 
county, Ohio, on the 21st of May, 1841, 
while the mother was born in Wayne county. 
Hlinois. April 5, 1846. The father, a farmer 
and stock-raiser, has lived in Oregon since 
188.5. He and his wife removed from Hlinois 
to Oregon in that .vear, locating in Polk 
county, where they remained for some time, 
after which they removed to Benton county, 
where they still reside. John S. Hart is a 
veteran of the Civil war, having served as 
a member of the Fifth Illinois Cavalry for 
four years during that great national strug- 
gle. Although he fought in many battles 
the siege of Vicksburg was the heaviest en- 
gagement in which he participated during 
his war experience The ancestors of our 
subject were members of Roger Hooker's col- 
ony in Massachusetts in 16.32 and three years 
later helped found the town of Hartford, 
Connecticut. To John S. and Minerva Jane 
Hart were bom eight children, as follows: 
•Julius Xewton, of this review; .Silas W., a 
farmer and stock-raiser of Benton county, 
Oregon; Florence, the wife of D. .7. Orant. 
of Dallas. Oregon ; T/Oretta A., who pave her 
hand in marriage to H. E. Starr, of Falls 
Citv, Oregon; Emma E., the wife of Edward 
Rich, of Falls City, this state; Julia M., the 
wife of Clyde Turner, of Airlie. Oregon; 
.Samantha S., who is the wife of Clarence 
Foster, of Benton county; and Alberta, the 
wife of Lloyd Hyde, of Benton county. 

The youth of Julius Xewton Hart was 
spent in Illinois, where he received a (food 
common-school education. He wai later 
graduated from I>a Creole .Academy of Dal- 
las. Oregon, with the class of 1SS9 and sub- 
sequently spent a year (1891-2) in the Ore- 
gon University Law School. In 189.', he was 
admitted to the bar. being licensed to pmo- 
tice before all the courts of Oregon. In 
1896 he entered upon his professional career, 
opening a law office at Dallas, Oregon, and 
practicing there until 1900. He then formed 
a partnership with James H. Townsend. 
which was continued until 1902. when it 
was dissolved and Mr. Hart practiced nlone 
again until 1904. During the followinc two 
years he was associated with William '^mith 
in Baker City. Oregon, and from loor. nnfll 
1910 practiced in partnership with James H. 
Nichols. Since 1910 he has practiced inde- 



xnr. 



pendently, occupying, whi!,- i„ Halrr Qty. 
beautiful olliccs in the ^ • Iim' 

and since his removal t ■. j 

1912, he has opened >. 
building. In addition t.. 
eral practice of law Mr 
secretary of the Bnkir I 

On the 21st of Decein 
was married to Mis-s Ireri. 
of Polk county, Oregon, > 
James .\. and .Mice (Emlirifi 
father is deceased. To Mr. .. 
have been bom two children, J. lUfoU «thi 
Hallie R. 

Mr. Hart is a republ' 
honored by his party at 

was one of tli>' ""^ ,, 

in 1904. From v. a 

member of the -• ■ riljr 

third district of Oregon. Kor (nur year*, 
from 1900 to 1904. he held the nf«-r- rf (it 
trict attorney in the thini j'^ 
Fraternally he is identirte.1 wi' 
belonging to .lenninr ' ■ ' '. t". \ A. 

M., and .\insworth ' \. M ll» U 

also a member of lli> > •■■ "- • •■-- 

Order of Elks, the Frati-rnal n 

and the United .\rtisnns. 

Hart did not remain for a 

long time in Baker Cil.v. durn 

sional career there he gaine<l ■> iniic *<>J 

lucrative general pmcti'-*'. »« whii-ti K« 

brought an extensiv. 

and an exi)erience In 

career and the servin- ■.» ! 

his state throiitrli the pn 

held. He is still in ear 

beyond all (pieslion thof 

him a broader and more r 

tice than he has yet attainiil. Ilatiii|( l-wn 

in pntilic life for many rr^r». M' M«r« »«•« 

surrounded himself ' • 

clientele but also n ' 

and political trf 

flischarge of hi- 



he hecnnii- 


wll U 








JOHN A. 


HORSMAN «to, 


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tin-t 


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rrsiiled in 1 


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ga^'cd in 


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Illinois. Sf| 


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78 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



John A. Horsman remained in his native 
state until he was ten years of age, when 
he removed to Missouri and then to Kansas. 
Later he went to Wyoming, where he be- 
came a cowboy, remaining until 1885. In 
that year he and his brothers, George Lind- 
sey and Charles H., came to this county 
and here for several years were engaged in 
the stock business. Later he and his brother 
George L. purchased the share of Charles H., 
the other brother, and continued to raise 
stock until 1907, when Mr. Horsman of this 
review sold his interest to his brother, (icorge 
L., and retired to Pendleton, where he has 
since resided. While engaged in the cattle 
business they had about twenty-five hundred 
acres of land on Butter Creek and also had 
some government land which they used for 
grazing. At the present time Mr. Horsman 
is interested in a spring wheel, which can 
be used for all kinds of vehicles and which 
has recently been patented by Isaac Jay, 
a resident of Pendleton, Mr. Horsman also 
is interested in the Clark Wireless Telephone 
and Telegraph Company. 

On the 4th of July, 1897, Mr, Horsman 
married Miss Ida Bell Ely, who was born in 
Illinois in 1877 and in 1883 came with her 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Ely, to Ore- 
gon. To Mr. and Mrs. Horsman have been 
born two children, Gwendolyn and Ethel M. 
In his political views Mr, Horsman is a 
democrat, believing the principles of this 
party to be most conducive to good govern- 
ment, Mr, Horsman has now resided in Uma- 
tilla county for more than a quarter of a 
century and he is .justly accorded a place 
among the prominent and representative citi- 
zens of the county, for he has ever given 
his support to all measures which have stood 
for imblic advancement and for the general 
welfare. 

CAPTAIN TAMES W. SHAVER. In Cap- 
tain .James W. Shaver is found a representa- 
tive, in the second generation, of the Shaver 
family which is closely identified with the 
development and progress of the northwest. 
He has made his home in Portland almost 
continuously since the time he reached the 
age of six months, and for a long period has 
been as.sociated with navigation interests as 
the head of the .Shaver Transportation Com- 
pany. This company owns and operates its 
boats and Captain Shaver as its secretary and 
treasurer devotes his attention to the man- 
agement of its interests which are of great 
importance, and have reached extensive pro- 
portions. It is true that he entered upon a 
business already established, but in accelerat- 
ing its activities and enlarging its scope he 
has displayed notable individuality and busi- 
ness ability as manifest in his powers of 
organization and also in his correct solution 
of dilTicuIt navigation problems, 

A native of Oregon, Captain .James W. 
Shaver was horn at Waldo Hills, within five 
miles of Silverton, October 2, 1859. His 
father, George Washington Shaver, was born 
in Campbell cnuiity. Kentucky, March 2, 
1832, and received a fair education in the 
schools of that state. He was a voung man 



at the time of the removal of the family to 
Missouri, and it was while living in that 
state that his keen interest in the west and 
its future prospects was awakened. At- 
tracted by the discovery of gold in California, 
he crossed the plains with a party who 
traveled bj' ox teams and wagons in 1S49, 
They made the long and tedious journey 
across the plains and through the mountains 
and at length their eyes were gladdened l>y 
the sight of the green valleys of Califoinia. 
A desire for gold drew him to the west, but 
he did not nu't with the success which he 
had anticipated in his search for the precious 
metal, and his failure in mining ventures In 
California led him to turn his attention to 
southern Oregon, where he likewise trieil 
mining for a time. On the 2d of February, 
1854, George W. Shaver arrived in Portland 
and in this city was iinited in marriage tu 
l\[|ss Sarah Dixon, daughter of a ])ioneer, and 
he removed with her to a farm In Marion 
county. While they were living ujion the 
farm four children were born to them and 
the others were added after the family be- 
came residents of Portland In I860, their 
home at that time being established in what 
was known as the Elizabeth Irving addition. 
Their children were as follows: John P., 
who was sheriff of Clackamas county and 
was shot in the performance of his duties, 
d.ving at Oregon City; Mrs. Alice Wittenl)erg, 
of Portland; James W.: Lincoln, who is cap- 
tain and chief engineer of the Shaver Trans 
portation Company; George M.. who is a 
partner in the same company; Delmar, wlm 
is actively interested in its management ; 
Pearl, the wife of George Hoyt, of Portland: 
and Susie, the wife of A. S, Heintz, also of 
this city. 

The father of our subject engaged in busi- 
ness as a dealer in wood and for many years 
furnished that commodity to the steamboats 
which plied between Portland and San Fran- 
cisco and also supplied the wood used as fuel 
on river boats and barges. Thus one by one 
timber tracts of Oregon were cleared and Mr, 
Shaver probably cut more acres of timber 
land than any other man of his time. He 
was interested in the transportation busi- 
ness also, as carried on by way of the rivers 
and became president of the .Shaver Trans- 
portation Company, of which liis son, .James 
W„ is secretary and treasurer. The death of 
George W. Shaver occurred October 26, 1900, 
A contemporary biographer said of hira: 
"He was not only a man of sound business 
judgment and capacity for observation and 
action, but also in his character embodied all 
that is excellent and of good report. No 
worthy cause of Portland but profited by his 
generosity and large-heartedness; no friend 
but was benefited by his counsel and assist- 
ance. To the end he retained in increasing 
measure the confidence of all with whom he 
was ever associated and to his family and 
friends he left the heritage of a good name." 

Captain James W. Shaver, the second of 
the surviving sons of the family, was only 
six months old when his parents liecame resi- 
dents of Portland, so that his education was 
accpiired in tlie schools of this city. He was 




J. W. SMAVKK 



THE I" 
PUBIS. 



TILPF 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ORK(;ON 



t)l 



still quite young when he became interested 
with his father in the conduct ol" u livery 
stable in East Portland and the iniinago- 
nient of a large cord-wood enterprise which 
embraced a woodyard in East Portland and 
also at the Shaver dock upon the river. At 
that time the sale of wood for fuel was one 
of the important industries, as it was used 
on all steamboats and transportation lines. 
This naturally drew the attention of Cap- 
tain Shaver to the boating business, in which 
he embarked in 1880 in partnership with 
Henry Corbett and A. S. Foster, purchasing 
the business of Captain Cliarles Bureau and 
conducting the undertaking as the Peoples 
Freighting Company. He became manager of 
that company a?id also captain of the Man- 
zanilla. a river boat pl.ving between Portland 
and Clatskanie. Xot long afterward <;. W. 
Shaver, his father, purchased the interest of 
Mr. Foster in the biisiness and Mr. Corbett 
withdrew, after selling his interests to G. 
W. .Shaver and his sons. The business was 
then reorganized on the 10th of .Tunc. 1S93. 
under the name of the Shaver Transportation 
Company, with the father as president and 
the son as secretary and treasurer. In 1889 
they built a boat which was called the 0. W. 
Shaver, and in 1S02 they placed upon the 
river the Sarah Di.\on, named for Captain 
Shaver's mother. Later the Manzanilla was 
sold, while the Shaver and Dixon performed 
all the work of the company until 1000, when 
they disposed of the Shaver. The same year, 
however, a towboat called Xo Wonder was 
purchased for towing logs and in 1901 the 
firm built the Henderson, also used for tow- 
ing purposes. They built the new Dixon and 
the Wanna in 190G and the new Shaver in 
1908, bought the Cascades in 1909. and built 
a one hundred horse power launch, the Echo, 
in 1910. The company has a towing contract 
for twelve of the mills of Portland and its 
crafts are continuously seen upon the Colum- 
bia and the Willamette rivers, performing an 
active and important part in the clearance of 
the enormous freight business of the state, 
transporting the output of great lumber mills 
to their respective destinations. For a long 
period ,Iames W. Shaver was captain for the 
company but in later years has dpvote<l hi* 
time to the business management, the firm 
having oflices at the foot of Davis street. 
Familiar with every phase of river businesi. 
his carefully fornnilated phins are resultant 
factors in the achievement of success and 
have placed the Shaver Transportation Com- 
pany in a conspicuously prominent position 
among the representatives of river interMts 
in the northwest. He is also president and 
part owner of the Clatskanie Transportation 
Companv. 

Mr. Shaver was married in Portland in 
1886 to Miss Annie Scholth. a represenlntive 
of one of the pioneer families of th<> **"}•'■ 
He belongs to the Woodmen camp and ntVili 
ates with the democratic party in niitjona 
politics, but his interest and activity have 
chiefly centered upon his bu^in- - 
whicli. carefully guided, have r'-ft' 
siderable magnitude. Captain Shni>r i- i. 
member of tlie Port of Portland Commission. 



Among those fnmiliitr with hi« ht^ti^rr |m 

bears an ir 

ness iiitegi - 

times to tin- iii-n. ,i ,t , 

ethics and presenting no < 



*li 



CHARLES L. PALMER 
City, (.intion, wub born i 
Pennsylvania, Augunt "i, 
being Uobert II. mid 
Palmer, likewise natu 
lather's birth iM-curri 
ISIO, wliiK- the nioln. r 
1S12. Their murrnigr »n- 
Keystone state. I'.i- " 
agriculturist by • 
to Iowa and r. : 
I'^'i-l to Oregon, pun im^niK 
(Grande Konde viiliej »li.r.> I 
stands. Mis demiio- ' 
his wife was called |. 
1910. They had elcv, i, . i. 
are living and reside iii I > 
exception of our •iibji-it. 
dren died in cliddhixxl. 
as follows: Iteulah, th<- 
Xewlin; .loseiih, of Iji <• 
passed away leavins a w-- 
in Haki-r City ; 1 
in nuirriiige to \ 
of 15. W. I brandy , i i 
Penjamin K.. who » i 

deceased; and Kmmu. : 

Harding. 

Mayor Palmer's bo%t 
in Pennsylvania, 
ceived a commoi, 
of the time attendr.t 
split logs »er*T<l as 
on the form of 
many of the »u 

amid -'- - 

natun 
thrift V 
career. Ai 
began frel^jii 
Boi.ie, Idaho, 
yearn. He tlu-n 
worked in i ' 
years. Su' 
two terms. 
City and • 

br,. L .llirili ' ' 

^\ 

|. . 

with tliR (^ 

to 1SH7. wi 

owns '■ 

a Miiir 

t- 
I 



Mrtiinith 



IB 



tlO 
'B 

r* 



I.I dAV« Wi-f- 



• pvBl 

f« 
.•1 



[ollwVV.U^' llt.4' 

ami' to ' 



Vb 

-m 



nway in i 
f«n<^ ' '" 



I !■ 



MrKim aiwJ ka* two rinMm. sati « imt'w** 



82 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



Luther, who is attending school. After the 
death of Linnie F. (Place) Palmer, Mayor 
Palmer wedded Mrs. Rose (Martin) Russell, 
the ceremony taking place in 1909. 

Mayor Palmer is a republican in his poli- 
tical faith and besides having served as post- 
master tor five years he has held numerous 
positions of public trust and honor. He was 
a member of the city council for two terms 
prior to 1893, when he became mayor of 
Baker City for one year. In 1910 he was 
again elected mayor of Baker City under the 
commission form of government and is still 
the incumbent in that important office. He 
has also been a member of the school board 
for a number of years. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, Lodge No. 25 of Baker City, and 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
Lodge 338. He is also a valued member of 
the Commercial Club and his religious faith 
is indicated by his connection with the Epis- 
copal church. The successful career of 
Mayor Palmer furnishes one of the many 
illustrations of what can be done in the 
great northwest by men of energy, ability 
and thrift. Born with no silver spoon in his 
mouth, he started out in a humble capacity 
to build his fortune and make his name in 
the world. The fact that he succeeded is at- 
tributable not only to the golden opportuni- 
ties which the west presents but to his un- 
tiring energy, his knowledge of men in con- 
nection with political matters and to his in- 
tegrity, reliability and his companionable dis- 
position. Having lived in Oregon for over 
forty years and having been connected in a 
business, official, fraternal and social way so 
long here, he knows perhaps more people than 
any other man in Baker county, and no man 
in the county has a larger list of close per- 
sonal friends than he. 

PETER BASCHE, who is now discharging 
the duties of county judge of Baker county, 
has been a resident of Baker City for thirty- 
five years, during the greater portion of 
which time he has been actively identified 
with commercial activities. He was born in 
Wisconsin on the 8th of August, 1844 and is 
a son of Joseph and Mary (Schnith) Basehe, 
natives of Germany. The father, who was 
a shoemaker, emigrated to the United States 
in 1842, locating in Green Bay, Wisconsin, 
where he followed his trade during the re- 
mainder of his active life. Five children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Basehe, as follows: 
Anthony, who is a resident of Green Bay; 
Michael, formerly of Green Bay, who passed 
away leaving a family of five children ; Peter, 
our subject; Frederick, who was on the hos- 
pital corps during the Civil war, now living 
iu Green Bay; and Catherine, the widow of 
Jacob Juker. The parents are both deceased. 
The father passed away in 1860 and was 
laid to rest in a cemetery at Green Bay as 
was also the mother. 

The early years in the life of Peter Basehe 
were passed in his native city, whose public 
schools he attended in the acquirement of an 
education. When he started out to make his 
own way in the world, he was first employed 



in a hardware store for three or four years. 
In 1860, he came to Oregon and located in 
The Dalles, where for two years he was 
employed in the general mercantile store of 
his brother-in-law. Various business activi- 
ties engaged his attention during the suc- 
ceeding ten years and in 1872 he went to 
Auburn, coming from there to Baker City in 
1876. Upon his arrival here he became as- 
sociated with J. P. Fall in the purchase of 
the hardware and implement store of J. H. 
Parker, in the conduct of which they engaged 
for twenty years. They met with excellent 
success in the development of this business, 
and it became one of the thriving enterprises 
of the city. Mr. Fall died in 1888 and Mr. 
Basehe is not now actively connected with 
the concern although he and Mr. Parker still 
own the building in which the store is located. 
Ever since he first located here, Mr. Basehe 
has been very much interested in mining af- 
fairs and has acquired quite valuable hold- 
ings, being a stockholder in the Morning 
mine and other gold claims that give every 
assurance of ultimately paying good divi- 
dends. Together with his brother-in-law, Mr. 
Cooper, he is the owner of a section of 
land at Haines, upon which they have in- 
stalled an irrigating system and he also owns 
several other pieces of farming property in 
the state. 

On the 3d of "December, 1877, Mr. Basehe 
was united in marriage to Miss Lucy Cooper, 
a native of Missouri and a daughter of 
Thomas Cooper, who crossed the plains to 
Oregon in the early days. Mr. and Mrs. 
Basehe are the parents of three children, as 
follows: Claude, a hardware dealer at 
Sumpter, who is married and has one son, 
Frederick; Frederick, who engages in ranch- 
ing on tlie Snake river, also married; and 
Victor, who is attending high school. 

Mr. Basehe is a. republican and has always 
taken an active interest in local political af- 
fairs. In 1907 he was elected county treas- 
urer, serving in this capacity for two years, 
and very soon after the expiration of his 
term of office he was elected county judge of 
Baker county and is still discharging the 
duties of this position. In matters of citizen- 
ship Mr. Basehe is very public-spirited and 
during the long period of his residence here 
he has at all times cooperated in the develop- 
ment of the city, giving his unqualified in- 
doreement to every progressive movement. 

EDWARD RAND, who has been discharg- 
ing the duties of sheriff for the past six 
years, is one of the Baker county's highly 
efficient public officials. His birth occurred 
at La Crosse, Wisconsin, on the 2d of June, 
1862, and he is a son of A. J. and Mary 
(Latimer) Rand, both of whom are deceased. 
The father, whose energies were always de- 
voted to agricultural pursuits, was born in 
Virginia on the 17th of February, 1827. 
In his early manhood he went to Wisconsin, 
coming to Hood River, Oregon, in 1885, and 
there he passed away in 1911. at the vener- 
able age of eighty- four years. The family 
of Mr. and Mrs. Rand numbered twelve, and 
of the four now living three are residents of 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



83 



Oregon. The father was a veteran of the 
Civil war, having enlisted and gone to the 
front from Wisconsin. 

The boj'hood of Kdward Rand was passed 
on a farm, his education being obtained in 
district schools in his native state. In 1S76, 
at the age of fourteen years, he left the 
parental roof and went out to make his own 
way in the world. He first went to the 
Indian territory, but later he was located 
for a time in Texas, going from there to 
Arkansas. His next removal was to Louis- 
iana and from there he went to Michigan, 
coming from the latter state to Oregon in 
1888. He remained there for only a short 
time, then went to Seattle and engaged in 
lumbering on Puget Sound. Three years 
later he returned to Hood River and iuvested 
in a tract of land, in the cultivation of which 
he engaged for four years. At the expiration 
of that period, in 1896, he came to Baker 
county. \\Tien he first located here he worked 
at the carpenter's trade and he also did some 
mining and prospecting at Sumpter. lie was 
subsequently elected marshal of Sumpter, 
serving in this capactiy for sis years. This 
was his first public office, but he discharged 
his duties with such efficiency that in .lune, 
1906, he was elected county sheriff and has 
ever since been the incumbent of this office 
and is a candidate for reelection. 

In 1881 Mr. Rand was united in marriage 
to Miss Luella J. Turner, who was born and 
reared in Hood River. Her father U. A. 
Turner, was for many years actively en- 
gaged in operating a ranch in that vicinity, 
but he is now living retired and her mother 
is deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Rand have two 
children, a daughter and a son; Ethel, who 
is at home; and Dewey. 

Mr. Rand belongs to the blue lodge of 
the Masonic fraternity and he is also affili- 
ated with the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks. He is one of the enthusiastic mem- 
bers of the Commercial Club and always 
gives his support to the various activities 
of this body, while in politics he is a demo- 
crat. During the period of his public serv- 
ice Mr. Rand has made an excellent record, 
his name never having been associated with 
anything of a calumnious nature, and in the 
discharge of his duties he has manifested a 
rare sense of obligation to the public, to 
whose efforts he is Indebted for his position. 

MELVILLE M. PALMER, the present 
treasurer of Baker county, is the owner of 
a fine ranch in the vicinity of liaker City 
in the cultivation of which he engaged fnr 
twenty-five years. He was l>orn in Madison 
county, Illinois, on the 7th of Octotxr. Htl. 
and is the only child horn of the marriage 
of Isaac N". and Parmelia (Webster) Palmer. 
The father, who was a Baptist minister. »«« 
born and reared in IlopklnsvlUe. Christian 
county, Kentucky, but the mother wni a 
native of Madison county, Illinois, h.r birth 
having occurred in IS21. Both pii^-"'- ■'•• 
now deceased, the father having p^i- 
in 1843 and the mother in 18H, 
son Melville M. was a babe of only three 
weeks. 



Left au orphan at tb<> »f^ of 


Iwn ymn. 


Melville M. Palmer w > 


'fi4> 


ternal grandmuiher. 


of 


his education he att«-i 


'-i 


of Monmuuth, Warr. ; 


1 


after the compUlmn i 




to Pclla, Iowa, when' In' i<|>«-iit 


ir» 


learning the drug bu-.ini'j.i \' 


A- 


tiou of that time he tur: 


'• 


to agricultural purouiln ki; 




feeding two year^ 


•■• 


the call eume in t 


r» 


troops he enli.tl.'i i-. i 


"1 ttM 


Eighty-third Illinou Voluii' 


ry. 11. 


Went to the front in Vn 


'' '"«r 


and remained in the 


ir* 


and eleven raonth-i. I 


rt 


of that period hi 


d 


service, tieneral 1. 


■a 


commander. The t'.;;aii.iit ij-i 
the engagements at Kurt I). 


<n 


-t 


Henry and Clarksvillr, T- ' 


h- 


seijUently was divnl.'il m i 


I 


stationed at the different (■ 


» 


againxt the enemy. Mr. 1 


.«• 


tered out at Na.thville, l.i 


Y, 


1805, and returned to Illinoui. 




ing the duties of civil life hi- ••■ 




drug business at Alexm. thi' 


.« 


owned and conducted a st' 


. '«. 


He disposed of thi.'» in !■-." 


to 


Burlington, Iowa, and Djuncd .» 


b 


he operated for !■ ^ • > ' ■ » • 


.( 


that perio<l he .i 


*i 


he came to Oregi'i 


■f- 


Soon after his arrival 


.,4 


in the vicinity of IU;^ 


iS 


undivided attention to it* 


J 


cultivation for twenlyfiin- 


t* 


a man of pr. 


kl 


Ideas, he hn- 


'O 


the developiT 


■•« 


of the mci-t 


• 


ertles In tli 


'» ■ 


tains one Ir 


1. 


all Well imp 


1* 


has erected 


*. ■ 


biilldini;'* »' 


1 


at van- 


n 


con veni 


. 1, . 


ent wii 


.1 


way.t n 


i 


sonni 


with |i 


>. 


when li 


■r 


the Held.-. 1 


•f 


tren»»ir»T 

n"" 


• s« 


ti' 
m ■ 


•• 


K-. 


^t 


K- 


i 


t.. i 


:'>« 


»•« tr ' 


>|. 


mrr hi> • 


.1 


nri> warl't^ M 


Pin«> \'»II'T. •" ' 


>l 



II. 






84 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



always given to tlie men and measures of the 
democratie partj', the policy of whicli he 
deems best adapted to subserve the inter- 
ests of the majority. The twenty-seven 
years of Mr. Palmer's residence in Baker 
county covers the great formative period 
in its development. He has lived to see 
the great expanses of prairie and the vast 
forests of the state transformed into beau- 
tiful orchards and grain fields, wliile little 
hamlets and villages have grown into tliriv- 
ing towns and enterprising cities. 

WILLARD HART CHAPIN, who since 
Octolier. 1SS9. has made his home in Port- 
land and through the course of orderly pro- 
gression has reached a prominent place in 
real-estate circles, having since March. 1907. 
lieen engaged in this field of business with 
excellent success, was born in Livonia. Liv- 
ingston county, New York. Septemlier 1, 
1862. He is descended from old American 
families. His great-grandfather, Elijah Cha- 
pin, responded to the call to arms when, on 
the 18th of April. 1775, Paul Revere rode 
tlirougli the New England village awakening 
the Jlinute Men with the news tliat the 
British were on the march. With his com- 
rades he went forth in battle array and served 
until American independence was acliieved. 
Levi Green, another grandfather of Mr. Cha- 
pin. served in the Saratoga campaign during 
the Revolutionary war and was after\vard a 
government pensioner. His great-grand- 
father, Joseph Hart, of Hopewell. New Jersey, 
was a private in Captain William Tucker's 
Company of the First Regiment of Hunterdon 
county. New Jersey, and served throughout 
the war for independence. Orange Chapin, 
the grandfather of Mr. Chapin, was a soldier 
in the War of 1813 and his father, Willard 
Slocum Cliapin, served throughout the Civil 
war, being mustered in at Portage. New York, 
in August, 1862. as a member of the One 
Hundred and Thirty-sixth New York Volun- 
teer Infantry. He went to the front as first 
sergeant, was promoted to the rank of cap- 
tain and was breveted major after the close 
of the war. His regiment was engaged at 
Chancellorsville and at Gettysburg and later 
on was transferred to the Army of the Cum- 
berland. After participating in the campaign 
around Lookout Mountain he went witli Sher- 
man to the sea and faced tlie enemy in a 
number of noted engagements. During his 
active business life he followed merchandis- 
ing. His wife bore the maiden name of 
Catherine Hart. 

In tlie graded schools of liis native town 
Willard H, Chapin pursued his education and 
was graduated in 1881. From the age of 
tliirteen years he had sold papers and con- 
ducted a newsstand in his father's place of 
liusiness but could not see anything beyond 
that kind of a life in the village. Ho saw 
that his lioine locality offered absolutely no 
opportunities Iieyond gaining a bare living, 
niiiny of his school friends had left and he 
realized that it was his only hope of making 
his way along the path to success. Accord- 
ingly he first went to Rochester, where for 
alioiit si\ months he was employed as a clerk- 



in a dry-goods store. In March, 1883, he re- 
moved from Rochester to Olean, New York, 
where for four years he filled the office of 
assistant postmaster. But with the election 
of President Cleveland he was requested to 
resign, after which he clerked in a retail 
shoe store for a j'ear. In March, 1887, he 
went to Chicago, where a friend had secured 
for him a position in the office of C. M. Hen- 
derson &. Compan.y, at that time (he lurgest 
wholesale shoe house in the west. Two yi'ars 
of very strenuous labor there undermined 
his health so that he went to Emery county, 
Utah, and, thinking tliat outdoor life would 
prove beneficial, spent one summer on a cat- 
tle ranch, where he did his share in the work 
— cooking, riding the range, punching cattle, 
branding, etc. It was a summer of hardships, 
out all day on the range in sun or in rain, 
then rolling up at night in a blanket with a 
saddle for a pillow. Before the season was 
over there came days of snow and sleet, and 
his experience on a Utah range was one of 
hardships. 

In October. 1889. Mr. Chapin came to Port- 
land, where he has made his home continu- 
ously since. For five and a half years he 
was connected with the firm of Blake, Mc- 
Fall & Company and later spent three years 
in the commission house of Richet, Roberts 
& Bell. He was afterward secretary for the 
W. B. Glofke Company, a wholesale com- 
mission firm, for about nine years and then, 
withdrawing from that connection in March, 
1907. embarked in the real-estate business, 
in which he is still engaged and in which he 
is finding ample scope for his energy and 
adaptability — his dominant qualities. Al- 
ready he has secured a good clientage in this 
connection and has negotiated many import- 
ant realty transfers. He is now president 
of the Chapin-Hulo^v Mortgage & Trust Com- 
pany, an organization with a capital of 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, do- 
ing a general real-estate 'business, home 
building, mortgages and insurance. This 
company is one of the largest and best known 
concerns in Portland. 

On the 9th of November, 1893, Mr. Chapin 
was married to Miss Jane Helen Lewis, a 
daughter of D. W. Lewis, who spent a part 
of his early life in Kansas during the 
troublous times in the history of that state, 
during which he sheltered John Brown. He 
espoused the Union cause in the Civil war 
and. being captured, was incarcerated in a 
Confederate prison until exchanged. He died 
in August, 1907. 

Wliile residing in Olean, New York, Mr. 
Chapin was connected with the volunteer fire 
department and during the last year of liis 
residence there was first assistant chief. He 
holds exemption papers from the state of 
New York, liaving served five years there as 
volunteer fireman. In 1SS4 he assisted in 
organizing the Blaine & Logan IMarching Cluli, 
which after the election of that year was 
merged into a military company with ^Ir. 
Chapin as second lieutenant. The company 
secured uniforms and arms at their own ex- 
pense. In 1887 they were mustered into the 
state troops as the Twenty-seventh Separate 




U. 11. 1 IIAI'IN 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



Company of the National (Uiard of New York. 
Upon ill'. Cliapin's arrival in Portland he 
almost immediately associated himself with 
the First Rejiiment of the Orefron National 
Gnard. being appointed by Colonel Bcebe as 
sergeant standard bearer. Jn the spring of 
1S90 he was promoted to sergeant major, 
which position he held until June, 1891. when 
he resigned. In February of that year he had 
taken prominent part in the organization of 
the Multnomah Amateur Athletic Club, was 
elected secretary and so served for two years, 
while for one year he was treasurer. In 
1905 he was elected president of the cUib and 
later served on the board until February, 
1907. when his term expired. In 1904 Mr. 
Chapin was made a member of the committee 
appointed by Mayor Williams to care for 
the funds collected to relieve the Ileppner 
flood sutlerers. This committee was made 
permanent and during its life dispersed con- 
siderable money. It ceased to exist when 
the money on hand was turned over to the 
San Francisco suflferers. In 1907 he was 
made one of the general committee of seven 
in the "Everybody Gives" campaign, who suc- 
ceeded in raising the funds to build the 
Young Men's and Y'oung Women's Christian 
Association buildings. This committee was 
organized after several other committees had 
worked the town over thoroughly, as they 
thought, believing that they had secured all 
the money possible. The committee of seven 
then took up the work and completed it. 
This was perhaps the hardest task and the 
most successful of any done by a soliciting 
committee in the history of Portland. 

Mr. Chapin has been a member of the Sons 
of the American Revolution since 1S95 and 
has held the office of registrar since February 
'22. 1901. He is also a member of the Mili- 
tary Order of the I>oyal I>egion of the I'nited 
States, which he joined in 1907. He has al- 
ways been deeply interested in military pro- 
jects and movements and has long lieen n 
popular member of the National (Inanl. In 
politics a republican, he is more or less 
active in the party and in 1907 he was 
elected president of the Republican Club, 
sening for one year. He was the precinct 
committeeman from the thirty-third precinct 
for 1910 and in 1906 was elected on the 
republican ticket to represent his di.strirt 
in the state legislature. He was can- 
didate for speaker of the house but with- 
drew two weeks before the asiembly con- 
vened. During the session he intrixluced and 
secured the fiassage of the railway commis- 
sion bill which is now in operation. Thii 
bill was prepared by the transportation com- 
mittee of the Chamber of Commerce nnri the 
Lumbermen's Association of Oregon. lis pas- 
sage was secured as introduced with the ex- 
ception of only one amendment, which con- 
cerned the manner of perpelnating the com- 
mission. Mr. Chapin was an activ<- working? 
member of the house and gav.' caroful en- 
sideration to each question wliii-li came up 
for settlement. A review of his life indi 
cates the fact that he has l)een active in 
various lines which have been of raalorlnl 
benefit to the citv. His interest in mililnry. 



political and munii-inal allolr- li.i. U-.-n m. 
fest in many tangildi- ,vn.| 
in all these connection" 'n 
reputation which he • 
true to the cause or 
pouses. In ever> 
fested un(]nalilii 
he has also dis|' 
which overcome- 
jiersistently furg- 

justly account«'il one oi ihv inllueolUil 
valued residi-nts of Portlnnd. 



•nd 



WILLIAM PERRY TEMPLE, who Hi~l ■! 

his home in IVndli-ti.v 
of the best known a; 

I'matilla county. ]]■ », 

county, Iowa, .lannai „| 

John K. and ElizalK-t!. . r 

passed away when the uni- 
was lour years of age. I 
together with his family ram-- i .nii 

now resides in l'endli't.>ii W ■>( 

this review, has si\ ,i\ tia 

ters who are now i ■<: |>r. 

L v., John F., Jr.. " of 

whom reside in !'• ■ o( 

Heli.\; George W.. <ii -il 

bert. of Pendleton: of 

Brant, AllH-rta; Mrs. I t 

land; Mrs. Alice .Sjmiii. ul ll< ' r*. 

Minnie Ilartey, Mm. Urn .Moi ' :r«. 

Ilattie Perkins, all of Pendlrtmi. 

When William IVrry Tempi* »•• Iwo 
years of age. Iiix par. i • ^ ' • ' - 

in MonriM- coiinty. I 
until lie wii.1 tw.i'' 
acquired n go^ 
schools. From • 
exceptionni ability h 
at the age of twi-i • 
in life for him-' 
kota, where hi- 
and transfrr <■>■ 
there he had t 
coriirr stoti'- ' 
sisted in ' 
nent biiilili , 
honii- in Iow«, 
I'nthiT. John K. 
the remaindiT •■■ 
For fhp l'ir<t I 
here li- 
lle h.> 
rant I 

hr 1. 



f. rti 



tivntion. 



88 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



purpose of educating his children, and was 
residing there in his beautiful home at the 
time of his death. 

In Lewiston, Idaho, on the 36th of April, 
1886, Mr. Temple was united in marriage 
with Miss Rose Bitney, a native of Mon- 
tana, and a daughter of John and Eliza Bit- 
ney, both of whom were natives of Illi- 
nois, and were pioneers of Montana. Mrs. 
Temple passed away March 18, 1896, leaving 
two children: Ethel Belle, who is now the 
wife of Walter Ores well; and Ralph E. On 
October 26, 1896, Mr. Temple was again mar- 
ried, his second union being with Miss Addie 
Haun, and of this marriage were born two 
children: Roy C. and Vera V. Mrs. Temple 
and her family now reside in the home in 
Pendleton, which was erected by her husband 
in 1900. 

Fraternally Mr. Temple was identified with 
the Integrity Lodge, No. 92, of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, with the Masonic 
lodge, and the Order of Eastern Star, and 
was also a prominent worker in the Farmer's 
Union. Two years before his death he united 
with the Presbyterian church, and was an 
active worker in that organization from that 
time until his death. Mrs. Temple is still 
active and helpful in that church and takes 
great interest in its work and is prominent 
in its affiliated societies. 

Mr. Temple may truly be called a self- 
made man, for, starting out in life as a 
farm laborer earning barely living wages, 
he succeeded through frugality, hard work, 
and the application of practical methods, in 
amassing an estate which enabled him to 
spend the last few years of his life in ease 
and comfort. Though economy was his 
watchword throughout the years of his early 
struggle, he was always generous whenever 
the cause was worthy. He was progressive, 
energetic, and was greatly interested in the 
welfare of his community, and his early 
death was greatly mourned by a large cir- 
cle of friends and acquaintances. In all mat- 
ters of citizenship he was loyal, in business 
he was highly honorable, and he held friend- 
ship inviolable, but it was in his home that 
his best traits of character were displayed 
in the devotion to his family. 

GEORGE W. HENRY was born in Baker 
City, Oregon, January 4, 1878. His father, 
George W. Henry, Sr., was born in the state 
of New York in 1832 and his mother, Ger- 
trude (Schafer) Henry, was born in Baden, 
Germany, in 1850 and came to Baker county, 
Oregon, in 1872. Her trip from Kelton, 
Utah, was by stage by way of Boise City. 
In early manhood George W. Henry, Sr., 
located in California, where he followed gold 
mining. During the gold excitement at Au- 
burn he moved from California to Auburn, 
from there to Mormon Basin and later to 
Clarksville. where he continued mining but 
later engaged in the butchering business. 
The father and mother were married at 
Wingsville, Baker county, Oregon, in 1873. 
The father's business from 1876 up to the 
time of his death, December 28, 1890, was 
that of conducting a meat market at Baker 



City. In the early 60's, when the Indians 
were on the war-path and committing crimes 
of all sorts, the father became prominently 
identified with the Indian fighters of that 
day and on account of his prominence in 
those troubles was by the Indians as well 
as his associates given the name of "Black 
Hawk" on account of the black whiskers 
which he wore at this time, which was dur- 
ing his early manhood. By the name of 
"Black Hawk" he was remembered up to 
his death by the older people who emigrated 
to Oregon in the early eO's. George W. 
Henry has one brother, Robert W., who was 
born in Clarksville, Baker county, in 1876 
and is now living in Hayden, Arizona. Mrs. 
George W. Henry survives at the age of 
sixty-two and resides with her son, George 
W. 

The youth of George W. Henry as well as 
his later life was spent in Baker City, where 
he attended the public schools, graduating 
from the high school in the spring of 1894. 
In the fall of the same year he began work- 
ing for P. Basche, a wholesale and retail dealer 
in hardware and implements, being employed 
as driver of a delivery wagon. Later he 
was promoted to the position of foreman 
and head salesman in Mr. Basche's warehouse 
and he worked for Mr. Baselie continuously 
for ten and one-halt years and says of him 
that he never had a better master to serve. 

In his political views Mr. Henry is a re- 
publican, but he usually votes for the can- 
didate who in his opinion is best fitted for 
the office. After resigning his position with 
Mr. Basche Mr. Henry was appointed county 
recorder, an office which he filled for one 
year, from July 2, 1905, to July 2, 1906. He 
was then appointed superintendent of the 
Baker City waterworks by Mayor C. A. 
Johns in July, 1906, and afterward was re- 
appointed by Mayor William Pollman, serv- 
ing in that capacity for four and one-half 
.years. Baker City, or more properly speak- 
ing, the city of Baker, was afterward placed 
under the commission form of government 
and in November, 1910, Mr. Henry was 
elected one of the three first commissioners 
having charge of the departments covering 
water, fire and sanitation, in which capacity 
he is still serving, the period of office for 
which he was elected being four years. 

The fraternal associations of Mr. Henry 
include membership in Baker Citv Camp, 
No. 5326, M. W. A., of which order he is a 
past consul. He is also a member of Elk- 
horn Lodge, No. 166, I. 0. O. F., and is a past 
master of Baker Lodge, No. 47, A. F. & A. M., 
having served as master in 1911. He is now 
worthy patron of Esther Chapter, No. 11, 
O. E. S., and is a past high priest of Key- 
stone Chapter, No. 15, R. A. M., having 
served as high priest in 1908. He is a mem- 
ber of Baker Commandery, No. 9, K. T., and 
one of its officers, and is also a member of 
Al Kader Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S., of Port- 
land. Mr. Henry has also been a member of 
Company A, of the Oregon National Guards, 
the armory being located at Baker City. He 
is a member of no church although he at- 
tends the various services held in this city. 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OIIEUON 



89 



George W. Henry is numbered among the 
more prominent and popular young men of 
Baker City. Being in every sense of the 
word a son of Baker City, hu has grown up 
in this coniniunity, where, tliough compara- 
tively a young man, he has tilled numerous 
positions of responsibility and honor. Start- 
ing out in an humble capacity, he grew into 
the hearts and lives of the people with whom 
ho came in contact and, being industrious, 
ambitious, reliable and always affable with 
the people whom he met in daily life, he soon 
became well and favorably known through- 
out the city, and the responsible positions 
which he has held attest more eloquently 
than words can describe the confidence and 
esteem in which he is held by those in au- 
thority as well as by the voters of Baker 
City. " 

F. P. ROUND, who since 11S90 has been dis- 
trict roundhouse foreman of the Oregon Rail- 
way & Navigation Company at Pendleton, 
is a well known resident of this city. He 
was born in Ionia county, Michigan, on 
January 29, 1846, the son of I'hilo P. and 
Harriett A. (Pacy) Round, the father of a 
native of Yates county, New York, and the 
mother of England. The mother was reared 
in England and resided there until she was 
eighteen years of age, when she came to New 
York and was married. In 1844 Mr. and 
Mrs. Round went to Michigan where they 
purchased two hundred and eighty acres of 
land in Ionia county and resided there until 
1870. In that year they sold their home- 
stead and bought another farm in the same 
county, on which Mr. Round died IJecembor 
26, 1S89, at the age of seventy years. Mr.-*. 
Round then removed to Washington where 
she resided until her death in 1904, passing 
away at the age of eighty-two. In their 
family were four sons, of whom the subject 
of this sketch was the eldest. The others 
are: .James M., of Portland, Michigan; Roy 
P., of Walla Walla. Washingt<m; anil Henry 
W.. of firand Rapids, Michigan. 

F. P. Round was reared in his native state 
and remained there until 186:!, when he en- 
listed in the army, joining the Third Michi- 
gan Infantry and served until June, 1868. 
During this time ho was sent with his regi- 
ment to Texas on account of the Mexican 
embroglio and uprising against Maximilian 
and Indian troubles and was in General 
Sheridan's army. .-Xftcr the war he returned 
to his native state whore ho learned the 
cabinet maker's trade and he worked at that 
for some time. IIo then cnteroil the rail- 
road employ and started witli lii-4 present 
company in 1880. having charge of the wood- 
working shops at The Dalles. Orocon, for 
two years before he entered upon his pres- 
ent position. The company manufactured 
all their fittings an<l furni-iliings there at 
that time. In ISSR Mr. Round worked for 
the Phoenix Furniture Company at Grand 
Rapids. Miehipm. and from there was sent 
to Texas where ho filled the po-<ition nf as- 
sistant superintendent under a Mr. Price of 
a branch house of that company and there 
executed the woo<lwork used in the new 



state Capitol of .-Vuntin. After '- -^-t-^* 

residence in .Vustin he » rut to i 

in the spring oi isss and in 1- ■ _ ^-i 
his work at INn.lleton with the Urv^o M^lT 
way & Navigation Comfiany. 

In 1870 -Mr. Round niarrint " s 
Shepard, who pus.ned away in 1 

one daughter, Rillu I., who U ? ] 
Allie Nash, of t'hirksi ille, ,\li 

July 2, 18S-. Mr. Rouni 

his .second union being 

er, who was born at T.i , 

his second marriage .Mr. U- ,, 

Leroy, who is employeil in , 
way & Navigation Company tltu^ at L« 
Grande, Oregon. 

In his political view " 

publican and by his nii | 

Army of the Kepn! '• | 

memories of the f 

the titanic strug^i- , '. 

the I'nion. All his file .Mr -i 
active and energetic and t^'t ■ 

four years he lias had onlv > 
the longest of which wan t 
He has a large circle of [r.-iiii i 

quaintances throughout IVndlrton, in 

regard he stanil.-i highly and hp r«|M->-i>ii7 
deserves mention as un honored vrlarmn of 
the Civil war. 

DR. VIRGIL S. ISDN, ..r... ,,f fhr .Mvr..ful 

representatives of the f 

Baker City, was born ,: iS 

of Uecomber, IS7S. an.l i.i ^ «uii -.4 I- iixt 
Josephine (t'aleti lnon. 'Ihf fitlhrr. who It 

now doceu-'eil. w i - i 

nently identified '•• 

of this vicinit V ■■ ■ ■ 1 

was number. >! 

citizens. II. • 

widow and i '• 

of Dr. A. .M ' 

the Antlem ' 

the city, bel • 
Virgil ."^., oii' 

eran of the • 

Confedenite -f 

I .em-rnl Sli. » 
democru'. i' 

est in all i * 
or less pr-.n 

lie life * 

time h. ' 
rircuit 

parent-. •*•• 

a H'ln, f ri.- " ~* -. ■- — iW 

,l,,-.-....-.|. 

I ' . . t.iir.- III*.' iif TV I«.in htt t.-<-n ;.><4mI 

.1. •' 

... -H 



pmy. 

f.. 

tr 

Ini 



90 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOEY OF OREGON 



of 1904. As soon as awarded his degree lie 
returned to Baker City and opened an office 
and engaged in general practice. His efforts 
in this direction have been rewarded with 
e.xcellent success, and he now has a well es- 
tablished practice, numbering among his 
patients many of the best families in the 
city. Dr. Ison is fortunate in his family 
connection, which together with his wide 
acquaintance has been of inestimable as- 
sistance to him in the beginning, yet his 
further development and progress must be 
entirely attributed to his own skill and 
native ability. ' He was given the advantage 
of acquiring an excellent equipment to fit 
him for his profession and during tlie eight 
years of his practice he has had ample op- 
portunity to manifest his efficiency both as 
a physician and a surgeon. 

In 1906 Dr. Ison was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary M. Haradan, a daughter of 
F. F. Haradan, and to them have been born 
three sons, as follows: Frank S.. who was 
born on the 10th of December, 1907; Luther 
B.. who is deceased, and Jean Victor, born 
March IS, 1912. 

Dr. Ison served as an elder in the Presby- 
terian church, in which his wife also holds 
membership, and fraternally he belongs to 
Baker Lodge, No. 338, B. P. 0. E.; Lodge 
No. 25, I. 0. 0. F. of Baker; Gauntlet Lodge, 
No. 8, K. of P., and Baker City Camp, No. 
5326, M. W. A. He has held all of the chairs 
in the Odd Fellows lodge and for some time 
lie was a trustee of the Knights of Pythias. 
In politics he is a democrat, and for two 
terms he served as county coroner, while 
he maintains relations with his fellow prac- 
titioners through his connection with the 
County and State Medical Societies. Dr. 
Ison is a very capable and enterprising 
young man and a most worthy representa- 
tive of one of the leading pioneer families, 
and has always manifested those qualities 
in all of his relations in life that fully en- 
title him to the respect and esteem of his 
fellow townsmen. 

HON. G. W. WEBB is one of the venerable 
citizens of Oregon, being now in the eighty- 
nintli year of liis age. His life has been a 
busy and useful one and has been an honor 
and credit to the state which has honored 
him. He has been identified with the de- 
velopment of the northwest for forty-seven 
years and in many waj's has contributed to 
its progress, especially along material and 
political lines. His birth occurred in Mary- 
land, September 4, 1824. his parents being 
William C. and Mary Webb, both of whom 
were natives of the same state. In their 
family were twelve children but G. W. Webb 
is the only one now living. His youthful 
days were spent under the parental roof and 
in his native state he pursued his education, 
but all through life he has been a close and 
diligent student in the school of experience, 
learning the lessons day by day and gaining 
from each the knowledge that has qualified 
him to take up the duties of the succeeding 
day. He left liome at tlie age of eighteen 
years and went to Missouri, remaining a 



resident of that state for twenty years. He 
then heard and heeded tlie call of the west. 
The story of its opportunities proved inost 
alluring and lie made his way to Boise, Idaho, 
where for two years he worked in the mines. 
In 1864, however, he returned to Missouri, 
but in the spring of 1865 once more crossed 
the plains, accompanied by his family; They 
made the long journey with mule teams, 
traveling over the stretches of hot sand and 
through the mountain passes. At length 
they arrived in Union county, Oregon, where 
they resided for ten years, and in 1875 took 
up their abode in Pendleton, wliere Mr. Webb 
has remained most of the time from that 
day to the present. As the years passed on, 
he became more and more closely associated 
with . business interests. His investments 
have been judiciously made and the careful 
management of his affairs has brought him 
substantial and gratifying success. He was 
called from the supervision of his personal 
interests, liowever, to enter upon important 
public duties when, in 1876, he was elected 
treasurer of Umatilla county for a four years' 
term. He was also alderman of Pendleton 
for several terras and exercised his official 
prerogatives in support of manj' progressive 
measures that resulted in the development 
and improvement of the city. In 1886, he 
was elected state treasurer, which position he 
filled for four years, proving a most capable 
and trustworthy custodian of the public ex- 
chequer. He retired from office as he had 
entered it — with the confidence and good-will 
of all concerned — and on the conclusion of 
his four years' term he removed to La Grande, 
since which date he has divided his time be- 
tween that place and Pendleton. His politi- 
cal allegiance has alwaj's been given to the 
democratic party since age conferred upon 
him the right of franchise and he has taken 
a most active and helpful interest in politics, 
doing everything in his power to promote the 
growth and insure the success of the party, 
because of his firm belief in the efficacy of 
its principles as factors in good government. 

On the 28th of March, 1849. Mr. Webb was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Mo- 
Daniel, a native of A'irginia. They became 
the parents of five children: Dana and Eliza- 
beth, both now deceased; Anna M., the wife 
of J. H. Stevens, of La Grande; A. G., who 
is living in Wallace, Idaho; and Kate, the 
wife of Frank Frazier, of Pendleton. The 
wife and mother died December 5, 1895. and 
her death was deeply regretted not only by 
the members of her immediate family but 
also by many to whom she had become en- 
deared through her excellent traits of char- 
acter. 

Mr. Webb holds membership with Eureka 
Lodge, No. 32, I. 0. 0'. F., and enjoys the 
highest regard of his brethren of that order. 
He was initiated into Shelby Lodge, No. 16, 
at Shelby, Missouri, in 1855. and in the or- 
ganization of the La Grande lodge he became 
a charter member and its first noble grand. 
Subsequently he transferred his membership 
to Eureka Lodge, No. 32. at Pendleton. He 
has thus been an Odd Fellow in good standing 
for fifty-seven years and in 1910 was pre- 




V wK.im 



'THE NEW YORK ^ 
PUBLIC UW'RV 






THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



93 



sfiited with a fifty-five year veteniii jewel 
by the members of his home lodge. La 
Grande lodge rejoices in the gift of an oil 
painting of its first noble grand, which was 
presented to the society on roll call night — a 
night on which everyone who has been a 
member of the lodge is expected to be pres- 
ent or to send greetings. The portrait on 
that occasion came to the lodge as the greet- 
ing from Mr. Webb and is one of the most 
valued posses'-ions of the local society. 

He is now living retired, having for some 
years enjoyed a well earnetl and well merited 
rest. His former activity and enterprise in 
business have ])laced him among the success- 
ful men of eastern Oregon. He is well known 
throughout the entire state and is most 
liighly esteemed where best known, imlicating 
tliat his life has been an honorable and up- 
right one. In all of his business career he 
has never been known to take advantage of 
the necessities of another and in public oirice 
he has ever been most loyal to the trust and 
confidence reposed in him. 

Such is the record of 0. W. Webb, who is 
today one of Oregon's most venerable citi- 
zens, but. though the snows of many years 
have whitened his hair, he seems a much 
younger man than eighty-eight years, for 
he has kept young in spirit through his in- 
terest in the activities and progress of his 
locality and the country in general. He is 
not only conversant with the history of the 
past but witli the present and largely keeps 
in touch with the progressive thought of the 
day. 

J. F. SMITH, the present incumbent of the 
office of superintendent of schools in Haker 
countj'. was born in Williams county, tihio. 
February 20, 1S6S. and is a son of Isaac and 
Maria (Johnson) Smith. The father is also 
a native of the state of Ohio and there he 
and the mother are still living, his energies 
always having been devoted to agricultural 
pursuits. The family of Mr. and .Mrs. Smith 
numbers three, of whom our subject is the 
eldest, the others being as follows: .V. H.. 
who is a traveling salesman for Marshall 
Field & Company; and L. D.. superintendent 
of the schools of I'laeerville, California, and 
a member of the county educational board. 

The boyhood and youth of .1. F. Smith 
were passed on his father's farm. In the 
acf|uirement of his education he attended 
the common .schools and after being grad- 
uated from the high school at West I'nity. 
Ohio, he enrolled in the Tri-State Normal 
School at .-Vngola. Indiana. I'pon the com- 
pletion of his course he returned to hi-t na- 
tive state and turned his attention to ten<'h- 
ing. following this profession there for eight 
years. At the expiration of that time he 
went to Colorado, taking a position in the 
public schools of Aspen, that state. Two 
years later he went to Silver riiime. Colo- 
rado, remaining there for the name period. 
In 1004 he accepted the olTice of superinli-nd- 
ent of the public schools of Sumpter. Ore- 
gon, continuing to discharge the ilutir* of 
this position until after the death of (. A. 
Payton, county superintendent of iirhnoU. 



when he was appointed to All tlH> latUr't 

unexpired ten" ii ■> < -( 

fested and i .| 

by him in tlx- i 

him the favonibli- r- 

tire county, and in I ■ 

the same ofliee for 

Smith is a very ; 

standards of schohu-h 

well i^ualify huu for 

bilities. lb- is not .> 

is he too coiiservnti\i- 

modern educationul ni. ' 

improved, but he itlrivr* to i • 

under his suiMTviaion to ni' ' 

the majority of the pupili. 

On the evening of Thniik^irlitinf tUt 
at Silver I'lume, Colorado, w . 
nuirriiige of Mr. Smith to ' 
garet Clark, a dn':-' • - ■ 
beth Clark of tli.r 
ent clerk of the ■ 
county. Two rhiidren h«i 
this marriage, Kenneth Ki ■ •> 

Margaret. 

The family attend the rrMbytrrun rhiirrit 
in which the parent* 1 "' '■ 

fratiTnally Mr. Sniitli 
Knights of I"; " ' 

library comni ' 

he gives to tl. 
he is verj* publi. 
live interest in 
Smith has never 1 
life in any "nv.- 
services in Hi 

satisfactory ' • 

striven ' 
the [Kxi' 
of consi .• 
of his dutie«> 

CHARLES ■ 

a man who 

in the initial ■•.<.' 

large i>ortion of ' 

\\ve» in !' ' 

lien, ('u' 

1S3J, 11 

Konter, ■ 
tiviii. I 
both of 
ing pioii 
farmer, 
were Ix' 
the sub 
vivor. 
he •■ - 
ifi" 
nil-' 

hr ; 

will' 

home " 
WAM in " 
Coi' 
fnr 

»"» 

fnt 
in 

Srr 

n»^ 



94 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



county. He spent one winter in Davenport 
in the courthouse engaged in recording deeds. 
Twice he walked across the state of Iowa 
ill his surveying expeditions almost literally 
counting his steps. The Colorado gold ex- 
citement which was rife in 1858 caused him 
to bend his steps westward, and after stop- 
ping at Pikes Peak for a short time he con- 
tinued his journey across the continent 
reaching California. He remained there until 
February, 1861, and then came to Portland, 
Oregon. In Portland he was in the ofhce 
of the superintendent of Indian afl'airs with 
Edward R. Gearry, for a time, and in Sep- 
tember, 1861, went to Walla Walla, Wash- 
ington. In the spring of 1863 he went to 
Florence, Idaho, during the gold excitement 
there and in July of that year arrived in 
Auburn, Baker county, Oregon, and has re- 
mained a resident of Baker county since 
that time. From the time of his arrival 
in that county until May, 1864, he was in- 
terested in placer mining there. He was then 
elected county clerk of Baker county, which 
ofKce he held for two years. In 1867 and 
1868 he was employed in the office of the 
Auburn Canal Company. At about that 
period he selected one hundred and thirty- 
two thousand acres of government land in 
Baker and Union counties for government 
wood. In the fall of 1870 he surveyed the 
Sparta ditch. During his experience in an 
official capacity he served for thirty-six 
years as county surveyor of Baker county. 
He was also superintendent of schools of 
Baker county, one year by election and a 
year or two by appointment of court. He 
was United States commissioner four years 
and a government deputy mineral surveyor 
nearly thirty years. Pie has also held the 
office of city surveyor and city councilman 
in Baker. 

Mr. Foster was married in 1869 to Mary 
Alice Irland, a native of Pennsylvania, where 
she was born in 1849, coming to Oregon 
with her mother in 1863. She became the 
mother of two children: Lee L., of Baker; 
and Harry E., of Medford, Oregon. After 
her death, which occurred in 1878, Mr. Fos- 
ter was married a second time, this union 
being with Fannie M. Moore. By this mar- 
riage one child was born. Colleen E., who 
is living at home with her parents. Mr. 
Foster in his political views has been a life- 
long republican, and has voted for every 
presidential candidate ever nominated by that 
party, beginning with John 0. Fremont, the 
first republican candidate for president. Mr. 
Foster in his fraternal relations is a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows. 

It has fallen to the lot of few citizens of 
the United States to render to their coun- 
try and the public at large so great an 
amount of valuable service as may be cred- 
ited to Charles M. Foster. Spending as he 
did so many years in surveying in undevel- 
oped parts of the country, he has experienced 
many hardships, suffered much privation and 
toiled beyond the strength of the ordinary 
man. Traversing a vast expanse of new coun- 
try with chain and circumferentor. in heat and 
cold, and in storm as well as sunshine, he 



continued his way, never faltering, but 
faithfully accomplishing the commission upon 
which he went. As he now passes his re- 
maining years in the quiet seclusion of his 
own home and city, he enjoys the friend- 
ship of a large number of people, who hold 
him in highest esteem, and he reposes in 
the consciousness of having successfully 
performed the large mission which he set out 
in his early life to accomplish. 

HON. WILLIAM C. HINDMAN is one of 

tlie most, if not the most veneraljle citizen 
in Baker county, having passed the ninety- 
tirst milestone on life's journey. His hon- 
orable, upright life and his unfaltering ac- 
tivity have commended him to the con- 
fidence and support of the general public. 
He has today what Shakespeare terms "the 
blessed accompaniments of age — honor, riches, 
troops of friends." Becau.se of the length 
of his years and his prominent connection 
with Baker county no history of this part 
of the state would be complete without ex- 
tended reference to him. He was born in 
the town of Ketanning, on the Allegheny 
river in Pennsylvania, in what was then 
Armstrong but is now Clarion county, April 
30, 1821. His paternal grandfather, David 
Hindman, came from County Donegal, Ire- 
land. He was licensed to preach as a min- 
ister of the Presbyterian church and he also 
figured prominently in the public life of his 
adopted state as judge of the court of Frank- 
lin county. At about that time it was ne- 
cessary to swear allegiance to the king of 
Great Britain but he changed the oath so 
that it would read: "As long as the colonies 
retained their allegiance to the British 
crown." One of his brothers went to Vir- 
ginia and eighty-three years later, when W. 
C. Hindman was teaching school in Racine, 
Ohio, an old man one day approached him 
and asked him if he had relatives in Vir- 
ginia, telling him of a certain Thomas Hind- 
man who had a wife and four children, three 
daughters and a son. The Indians surprised 
them and killed the parents and knocked the 
children on the head, but they were saved 
by neighbors. The eldest daughter, however, 
was scalped and ever afterward wore a cap 
to cover her head. This Thomas Hindman, 
William C. Hindman discovered was a brother 
of his grandfather. His father, Samuel Hind- 
man, was also a native of Pennsylvania, in 
which state his ancestors had settled prior 
to the Revolutionary war. Representatives 
of the name participated in that struggle 
and Samuel Hindman was a soldier of the 
War of 1812. He married Sarah Manning, 
a native of Baltimore, Maryland, whose 
ancestors cam? to the new world with 
Lord Baltimore and settled in that sec- 
tion of the country named in his honor. 
Mrs. Hindman's father was Joseph Manning, 
who served as a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war and was present at the memorable occa- 
sion when Cornwallis surrendered his troops 
to Washington at Yorktown. He was at one 
time aide-decamp on General Washington's 
staff. Mrs. Hindman was born three years 
before Washington was elected to the presi- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



95 



dency for the second time. William C. Hind- 
man lost his father when he was but nine 
years of age and his mother died in (jales- 
burg, Illinois, when ninety-seven years of 
age. In the family were four daughters 
and then came six sons. Of these two sur- 
vive beside our subject: M. J., of Pleasant 
Valley, Oregon; and Samuel M., living at 
Sisters, Crook county, Oregon. 

William C. Ilindman pursued his education 
in the public schools and in an academy, 
through which he made his way after attain- 
ing his majorit}'. llis parents removed to 
Youngstown, Ohio, when he was but a 
child and there he was apprenticed as a 
millwright and also taught school. From 
that state he went to Iowa, in 1850, engag- 
ing in farming near Council Bluffs for a 
time. He then made the overland trip with 
ox and horse teams to Baker county, where 
he arrived in 1863. For two years he en- 
gaged in freighting from Umatilla Landing 
to points in Baker county and then turned 
his attention to cattle-raising, entering a 
homestead and adding to this property from 
time to time. He successfully conducted his 
business for a long period, becoming one 
of the leading and extensive cattle-raisers of 
this part of the state. He and his son had 
a thousand head of stock, including cattle 
and horses, and it is said that people could 
count on the fact that spring had arrived 
when the Ilindmans turned their stock out. 
They had four hundred acres to winter their 
stock on but depended upon the range for 
feed for the stock during the summer. It 
was necessary, however, to feed for about 
two months during the winter. Year after 
year Mr. Ilindman continued in the stock 
business, occupying a foremost position in 
that field of labor until 1911, when he sold 
out and retired. He still retains the owner- 
ship of a ranch of two hundred and forty 
acres but since 1863 has made his home in 
Baker with the exception of two years spent 
in California. In the spring of 1864 ho 
bought two hundred and fifty pound.s of 
potatoes which he divided into three lots 
and planted, but they were killed by the 
frost before the crop was practically started. 
However, he got about a gallon of new po- 
tatoes, which he planted and which were 
the first raised anywhere in the valley. Ho 
had lived here eight years before it was 
thought that fruit trees would grow in this 
district, but the valley is today a line fniit 
country. In early times, too, wheat frosted 
and thoy could not raise a crop of that 
cereal in this section which is today a uplcn- 
did wheat country. 

As the years passed by Mr. Hindmnn took 
an active interest in public nlTairs andin 
1866 was chosen to represent hi.t district, 
comprising Baker and I'nion counties, in the 
state legislature. He proved a most capable 
officer, discharging his duties in such a man- 
ner as to effpctively promote the best in- 
terests of his constituents. He was in- 
strumental in securing eleven votes toward 
having the state capital located in Baker 
county at the time it was decided th«t 
Salem should be the location. Mr. Hind- 



man was also instrumental in namiof Brow^ 

Peak. In politics he !■•- •- • i •- ■ ...» 

democrat, casting hi..t : 

lot for James K. Polk. 

offices in Iowa and at all t > 

loyal advocate of principU ^ • 

which he deemed of bencllt lu lim tuxtb 

west. 

In 1853 Mr. Ilindman wa.t uii:> ' > 

riage to Miss Sanili KyU-. i>( > 

was a native of Ntw i'- • - ., 

reared in Ohio. They ! f 

eight children: Clara, ■ 

iel Cam, of McKwen, i ' ! 

at the age of eight y. . > 

the wife of H. P. Kaitor, ul Maltu, .V^fixa, 
who became the wife of I^'andxr I)a«u aad 
died at the age of fort. ,• 

three chiMren; Homer 
of forty-two years. !• 
four children; tlrncv, » 
Jose, California; Frank. 
Alberta, Canada; and \V. W., a prBriii-ing 
attorney of S|>okane. In !"-■ Mr II id 
man was called upon to in ^ 

his wife, and on the 2.'th '" 
he was again married 

ing with Mrs. Tollie » 

daughter of Noble un i » 

(Drake) Mounts, natives of \ 
tucky respectively, a roin; ' 

whom appears in the skrtoh ol 
Sterna. Mr. ilindman holds nvi 
the Presbyterian church, in tl 
which he was reared. Hx i« • 
markable memory at '' 

years. It is said thi' ' 

woman of partiiii' ■ ' 
she stimulated in 
ing. Throughout .. 
a stuilent, reading " 
deeply, and to hiin h.i 
precious pri/e of krm w 
over, in business ntTuir* h>* 
one of strictest ii ' 
upright life hns 
Mdonce and high r-ziri ..i 
example well worthy of <-m 



JOSEPH H 


. PARK 


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Parkcs, 


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and the 


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96 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



was in the drug business for six years. Jan- 
uary 18, 18S2, he came to Pendleton and 
has resided here ever since. He served here 
as deputy county clerk for several j'ears 
and since has been a justice of the peace. 
He has also been connected with the fire 
insurance business for many years. He is 
also appointed by the government office at 
La Grande to look after the govei'nment land 
contests. He has been successful in the 
business world and is the owner of a ranch 
and mountain home which he has improved 
and which is situated near Meacham ranch. 

In 1884 in Pendleton Judge Parkes was 
united in marriage with Miss Lillian N. 
Smith, a native of Iowa and a daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Smith. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Parkes have been born three children: 
Fleda C, who is the wife of R. M. Ham 
of Pendleton; and Phyllis C. and Effie A., 
both of whom are at home. In politics Mr. 
Parkes is a republican and he has ever been 
active in the local party issues. Fraternally 
he is a member and seeretarv of the Pen- 
dleton Lodge, No. 52. A. F. & A. M.. and 
he is secretary of the Pendleton Chapter 
of the Royal Arch Masons and recorder of 
the Pendleton Comraandery No. 7. of the 
Knights Templar. Also he is a member of 
tlie Al Kader Temjjle of the Xobles of the 
Mystic Shrine at Portland. Throughout the 
long residence of Judge Parkes in Pendle- 
ton, he has ever been active in all measures 
of reform and progress and has supported 
those movements which stood for the ad- 
vancement of the general welfare. He is well 
known and highly honored and is justly 
counted among the representative citizens of 
Pendleton. 

OTIS R. ADDITON. For a third of a 
century Otis R. Additoii has resided on the 
Pacific coast. He makes his home in Lents 
and is known as the father of the town, 
for his progressive methods and enterprising 
spirit have contributed in large and sub- 
stantial measure to its growth, prosperity 
and stability. The breadth of the continent 
separates him from his birth place — Green, 
Maine. It was there on the 14th of Au- 
gust, 1843, that he first opened his ej^es 
to the light of day. his parents being Zelotes 
and Talatha (Small) Additon, in whose fam- 
ily were five children. Otis R. being the 
eldest. Of the others Sydney Quincey and 
Lizzie are now deceased. "Melissa, the fourth 
member of the family, married Arthur Still- 
man, of _ Abingdon, Massachusetts. She is 
now a widow and a nurse by profession, re- 
siding at Brockton, Massachusetts. 

Spending his youthful days in New Eng- 
land, Otis R. Additon started to make his 
way in the world by serving an apprentice- 
ship at the shoemaker's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for fifteen years. At the time of the 
Civil war, however, all business and per- 
sonal considerations were put aside in order 
that he might espouse the cause of the 
Union army. He enlisted in the Signal Corps 
and is now almost the only siirvivor of that 
part of the service living on the Pacific coast. 
After the close of the war he engaged in 



merchandising for thirty years and was thus 
connected with commercial interests in Mas- 
sachusetts and Oregon. In 1878 he sold 
out and came to Oregon, settling in tlie Wil- 
lamette valley. He became a merchant of 
Corvallis, where he continued for twelve 
years, after which he removed to Portland, 
where he resided for several years. lie 
then came to the present site of Lents, wliere 
lie was actively engaged in tlie real -estate 
business until 1909, when he practically re- 
tired from active life. His enterprise" and 
energy proved important factors in the up- 
building of the place and he is known as 
"the father of Lents." In his real-estate 
operations he laid out several additions and 
practically built the village. In all he was 
actuated by a spirit of progress that en- 
abled him to overcome obstacles and dllH- 
culties and use the resources at hand to 
the best advantage, not only in the upbuild- 
ing of his own fortunes but also in the im- 
provement of the town. 

In 1S67, in Abingdon, Massachusetts, Mr. 
Additon was united in marriage to Miss 
Lucia Faxon, a native of the Bay state, and 
a daughter of Lucius and Harriet (Jones) 
Faxon. In their family were ten children. 
With one exception all reached years of 
maturity, although Henry, Rela, Harriet, 
Elmira, Anna and Andrew are now deceased. 
Delia is the wife of Isaac Holmes, of Massa- 
chusetts. Webster is a resident of Abing- 
don, Massachusetts. The other member of 
the family is Mrs. Additon. who by her 
marriage has become the mother of one son, 
Alton Sydney, who was born in 1871 and 
now lives in Berkeley, California. He mar- 
ried Miss JIabel Burgess, a re])resentative of 
one of the pioneer families of that state. 
They reside in San Francisco and A. S. 
Additon is interested in mining. 

In his political views Jlr. Additon has al- 
ways been a democrat and came of a family 
connected with that party, while his wife's 
jieople hold to the republican faith. He has 
never been an office seeker but has always 
been recognized as a public-spirited citizen 
and one who has done much for the com- 
munity in which he lives. He holds to the 
Christian faith and in all of liis work for 
progress and improvement has the sympathy 
and assistance of his wife. Jlrs. Additon 
is also recognized as one of the leading resi- 
dents of Lents. She is the founder of the 
Woman's Press Club of Oregon and has an 
extensive acquaintance throughout the state. 
For ten years she served as president of 
the club and is numbered among those ladies 
whose influence has been of far-reaching 
benefit in upholding the standards of the 
individual and public action. For four years 
she served as president of the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union in Oregon and 
is now one of the national lecturers for 
that organization. She has always been a 
great student of sociology and there is no 
one better informed concerning this subject 
in all the state than Mrs. Additon. She is 
at the head of the social science department 
of the Woman's Club of Portland and she 
was named as one of the women delegates 



I 




O. R. AUIJITON 




Ml:.-., i.i UA 11. .uaui::\ 



^nCroi 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



101 



to represent the state at the Ceiiteiiniul Kx- 
position ill Astoria. In all of her public 
work her home interests have never lieen 
neglected but she has ever stood tearle.ssly 
and unfalteringly "for tiod and home and 
native land," and her support of the various 
measures in whicli she is so deeply inter- 
ested, results from close study of the situa- 
tion and a comprehensive knowledge of the 
principles involved. Both Mr. and .Mrs. Ad- 
diton are widely known throughout Dregon 
and command the respect and honor of all 
with whom they came in contact. 

JOHN J. DOOLEY. One of Baker City's 
well known men and one who has had a 
typical western career is .lohn .1. Dooley, 
formerly a sheep raiser in Baker county. 
He was" born on the 14th of March, IS.JS, in 
Utica, New York, where he passed the first 
si.xteen years of his life and received a 
common-school education. He then removed 
to Cliicago, Illinois, and leiirne«l the ma- 
chinist's trade and engaged as an engineer 
on the (jalena & Chicago) I'nion raiir>>ad, 
now the Chicago & Northwestern railroad, 
remaining in the service of that corporation 
for nine years. In 1862 he crossed the plain* 
with ox and horse teams and settled in Au- 
burn, Baker county. Oregon, where he took 
up mining, an occupation whii-h he followed 
for six years. He was then appointed col- 
lector of internal revenue for Idaho and 
during his incumbency in that ollice resided 
in Idalio City for two years. (»n the expira 
tion of that period he began his principal 
life work, building the toll road over the 
mountains known as the Dooley toll roud, 
and in the operation of this enterprise he 
spent twenty years. At the end of that time 
he removed "to" Baker City and in the vicinity 
engaged in sheep raising, an occupatii'n wliich 
he followed until laOO. when he retired from 
active business life. He owns the comfort- 
able home which he occupies at Xo. 2013 
drove street. 

(tn the 25th of Ueeembcr, 1S61, in Cliicago, 
Mr. Doolev was married to Miss I'hoobc 
Knapp. a" daughter of Asa and Philur« 
Knapp, who were pioneers in Illinois. I'nto 
Mr. and Mrs. I)o<dey were born the f'dlow- 
ing children: -1. K., who is a resilient of 
Baker City; Krank R„ living in Corvallis. 
Oregon: .\sa Knapp. of La (Irande: and Mar- 
garet, The la*t named ai(|uired her i-<Uira- 
tion in the public schoids and in St. Kran.-es 
Academy an.l College of Baker City. I'ns-t 
ing the civil service examination, "he took 
the ollice of clerk in the Ke.leral l.uildinK on 
the l.-.th of DccemlMT, 1U02, and since 1010 
has acted as assistant to the i 
,Iolin .1. Dooley and his wife celei 

golden wediling anniversary on tii. 

December, I'.iU. 

.Mr. D.iolev gives his political nlleginno' 
to the republican party and early in hi" 
career, in the fall of 1S62, serve<I ns deputy 
sheriff. His life since that time ha.« Iwen 
such as to thoroughly implant him in the 
conliden.e and esteem of his large rircle of 
aci|uaintances. Fraternally he i-> identitie.! 
with the .\neient Order of lnite.1 Workmen. 
Vol. n— B 



of which he i 
ter for a n 
member of tn.- i 
trustee of his I0.I. 
career of .Mr. |i 
terially in the d. 
ticularly hi-s gr^ 
Dooley toll roa.l ucruMi thi- 
at that early day won a 
magnitude for 11 man uf ' 
means to undertake and ci: 
consummation. He li- 
the typical pioniiT 
citi/.en-> to whom »• 
splendid western cix 
ments which the gre.i' 
now enjoys. The |) 
City are pnmiinent n 
business cin-lo and ari- aiiioun iIm \tif 
citizens of ilukcr county. 



k 
I 
• t 

>r 
'r 

Wat 



HON. LEONARD ORLANDO STERNS 



was i>ne ol tin- piiMe 
In fact, he liynl in ' 
Ix'fore the city wtt» 
earliest inception un' 
ly identilieil with it-> 
ured prominently a.s <>iii- ■■ 
honored re«iilents and k» i 
bar rankisl with tin- 
section "f Oregiin. I' 
upiM'r Canailn, ,luly 1 
liam .lames ami .M > 
The father »a« ■ • 
.lertey, and die.! 
The mother » > 
passed away at I'liirron. 
seventy-two years I'f 'M" 
il'->tors of .Indge St<t- 
.Vmi-rican 



U 



.Ml 



„ I,. 



fended 
lution.i 
In ' 
with I 
reareil. 
publii 
jieing 
Ann \ 
the stud> 
(ioverti«ir 
I-' • 
1. 



• I the 
S(nt.-. 



int' 



wvbI 



lb 



• •I Uu 
.Vijutin ill ' 



102 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKY OF OREGON 



however, with mining interests and news- 
paper work. He located first at Canon City, 
where he had for a law partner the famous 
poet of the Sierras, Joaquim Miller. In 1866 
he removed to Auburn at a time when the 
city of Baker had not yet been founded. 
There he followed mining for a time and af- 
ter the establishment of Baker he removed 
to the county seat and entered upon the prac- 
tice of law. His time was divided between 
private practice and public service, for again 
and again he was called to serve in some 
public connection. In 1866 he represented 
Grant county in the state senate and in 1870 
he was tendered the appointment of judge 
of the circuit court of the sixth judicial dis- 
trict, which position was madi' vacant by 
the resignation of the Hon. Joseph G. Wil- 
son. Judge Sterns, however, declined the 
proffered appointment, preferring to devote 
his time and energies to his lucrative pri- 
vate practice. Subsequently, however, he 
was appointed judge of Baker county to lill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of the 
Hon. L. L. McArthur. He made an excellent 
record on the bench, for his mind had a nat- 
ural judicial trend, he had keen analytical 
power, readily saw the relation of law and 
facts and summed up a case in its entirety 
most clearly and forcibly. His fellow mem- 
bers at the bar entertained the highest ad 
miration for his legal knowledge and his ju- 
dicial powers and accorded him recognition 
as one of the foremost members of the bar 
of Oregon. 

In November, 1870, at La Grande, Oregon, 
occurred the marriage of Judge Sterns and 
Miss Maggie Mahaffey, and unto them were 
born four children: Leonard Orlando, now 
living in Baker; Edith, who died in 1893. at 
the age of eighteen years; Austin Blair, who 
is serving as city clerk of Baker; and Irene, 
who died April 23, 1898, when seventeen 
j'ears of age. In August, 1890, Judge Sterns 
was called upon to mourn the kss of his 
wife. In 1893 he removed to Colfax, Wash- 
ington, and there engaged in newspaper pub- 
lication, as he also did at Oakesdale. In the 
latter place he was married on the 3d of 
January, 1893, to Miss Quinnie T. Mounts, 
of Evansville, Indiana, who was educated 
there and for five years was a teacher in the 
Evansville schools. She was. however, a na- 
tive of Webster county. Kentucky. Her par- 
ents were Noble and Scirilla Theresa (Drake) 
Mounts, natives of Virginia and Kentucky 
respectively. The father went to Kentucky 
when sixteen years of age, was married 
there and resided on a farm in Webster 
county. In 1852 he went overland to Cali- 
fornia and surviving an attack of cholera 
he returned to Kentucky about 1855, when 
he enlisted and became a quartermaster in 
the Eighth Kentucky Confederate Regiment 
but after the fall of Fort Donelson he re- 
signed his commission and in 1862 returned 
to his Kentucky home. He then removed to 
Evansville. Indiana, to educate his children. 
His wife died there, after which Mr. Mounts 
again went to California in 1878 and there 
passed away in 1879 at Nevada City. In his 
family were four children. ToUie is the wife 



of the Hon. W. C. Hindman, of Baker, and ■ 
was born March 19, 1850. Quinnie T., born ^ 
November 15, 1851, is the widow of Judge 
L. 0. Sterns and the second of the family. 
California, born March 21, 1855, is the wife 
of Dr. A. P. Davis and lives in the state of 
California. Daniel D., born September 14, 
1860, is a resident of Los Angeles. Soon 
after his second marriage Judge Sterns re- 
turned to Baker, where his death occurred 
February 9, 1895. He was always a stalwart 
republican in politics and many years ago he 
advocated giving the right of franchise to 
women. He was always a man of progres- 
sive ideas and held to the Christian faith al- 
though he did not subscribe to the creed of 
any particular church. His reading was 
broad, his studies comprehensive and he 
wrote and lectured extensively upon various 
subjects. The last lecture which he delivered 
was an address to the Baker County Pio- 
neers and he was president of the Pioneer 
Association at the time of his death. He 
had splendid oratorical ability and was fre- 
quently called upon to address public audi- 
ences. As the years passed by he prospered 
and became the owner of four large ranches, 
embracing at one time two thousand six hun- 
dred acres of land. Mrs. Sterns still makes 
her home in Baker, where she has a wide 
acquaintance. The judge was not yet sixty- 
two years of age when called to his final 
rest. His was an active, useful and upright 
life, commending him to the confidence and 
high regard of all with whom he came in 
contact. He had held to high ideals in his 
profession and had given to his clients the 
benefit of wide learning and unwearied serv- 
ice, and his decisions while on the bench 
were marked by the utmost impartiality. 
Upon all questions of public importance he 
took the standpoint of a broad-minded, pub- 
lic-spirited citizen and his worth was widely 
acknowledge by all who knew him. 

MRS. S. A. UNDERWOOD. It is not often 
that the name of a woman appears in a work 
of this nature, but the general business 
sagacity and enterprise manifested by Mrs. 
S. A. Underwood in the direction and de- 
velopment of her interests entitles her to 
be mentioned in the history of Baker county. 
She is a native of Missouri and a daughter 
of John and Susan Glenn, also natives of 
that state where they are still residing. 

Reared to womanhood in the home of her 
parents, in 1874 Mrs. Underwood became the 
wife of J. N. Hargrove and to them were 
born four children, as follows: 0. K., who 
is at home with his mother; Ina, who is also 
at home; Frank J., who is deceased; and 
Ella L. They are all graduates of the Cliilli- 
cothe, Missouri, normal school. 

Mrs. Underwood resided in Missouri until 
1906, when together with her family she came 
to Oregon, locating in Baker county. In 
June of that year she became the proprietor 
of a hotel that she has ever since been con- 
ducting with a goodly measure of success. 
She keeps a neat, clean and comfortable house 
and serves good meals, the quality and serv- 
ice being entirely satisfactory to those who 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



103 



accord her their patronage. Since locating 
here she has made good investments in real 
estate and now owns several pieces ot city 
property and three hundred and twenty 
acres of timberland, the value of which is 
rapidly increasing. 

In 1909 Mrs. Underwood was united in 
marriage to her present husband, J. 11. Un- 
derwood, who was born in the stato of Illi- 
nois, but became a resident of California 
in 1859. He made his home in that state 
for forty years, and in 1900 came to Baker 
county, where he has engaged in mining and 
prospecting and where he became the owner 
of a placer mine, known as the Underwood 
gold mine, which was sold in 1912 for sixty 
thousand dollars. 

Mrs. Underwood is an active worker in 
the Baptist church in which she has long 
held membership. She is in every way a very 
capable woman, possessing initiative and ex- 
ecutive ability as well as the enterprise 
which enables her to carry to a successful 
issue anything she undertakes. 

GEORGE B. MOULTON, who was for 
some years actively engaged in the stock 
business in Baker county, but is now living 
retired in Baker Citv. was born in the state 
of Maine on the 16tli of September, 1837. 
He is a son of Bartholomew and Mary 
(Shumway) Moulton, the father a native of 
Massachusetts and the mother of Maine. 
The father, who was a farmer, removed with 
his wife and family to Minnesota in 1850, 
and there he acquired land, in the cultivation 
and improvement of which he engaged until 
his death. The family of ilr. and Mrs. 
Moulton numbered eight, five of whom are 
now deceased, those living being as follows: 
Stephen C, who is a resident of Gilifornia; 
George B., our subject; and Edwin W., also 
a resident of California. 

George B. Moulton, who was thirteen years 
of age when he accompanied his parents on 
their removal to Minnesota in 1850, remained 
at home until he was twenty-three. He was 
given the advantages of a common-school 
education, the greater portion of which he 
obtained in the log schoolhouse located in 
the vicinity of the old homestead in Minne- 
sota. In 18G1 he left the parental roof and 
joined a party of gold seekers en route to 
California. There he engaged in prospecting 
for a short time, meeting with indifTerent 
success, and subsequently went to latitude 
53° 30' north in British ColumbLa with the 
hope of being more successful in his cfTorts. 
In the spring of 186.3 he went to Portland, 
going from there to Canyon City, this state, 
whence he crossed the Blue mountains to 
Willow creek, stopping at Mormon Basin for 
a short time. He next cro.ssed Snake riv.-r 
to Boise and Basin, Idaho, and engaged in 
gold raining, going from there to ly-wiston, 
Idaho. He engaged in gold mining in the 
latter pl.nce until the spring of ISGt when 
he went to Wild Horse creek, British Colum- 
bia. There he continued his prospertinK for 
a brief time, his next removal being to \ ir- 
ginia Citv, Montana. Soon thereafter he 
went to the present site of Helena, Montana, 



and in the fall of 1866 he settlcU in Salt 
Lake City, where he resided for scvcnU 
years. In 1876 he made a trip to the UUek 
Hills, South Dakota, remaining tliorc until 
1879, when he went to Lcndvillu, Col<irttdo. 
His sojourn there was very brief, and in 
1880 he went to Bay Horse and luU-r to 
Ketchum, Idaho, and devoted hi.') cnerKi>'ii to 
the business of smelterlng. Kivc yearn Inter 
he withdrew from this and came ti> lUkrr 
City, where he turned his attrntion to -.ttick- 
raising with very gooil succcs.i. Ho hu.t ac- 
quired a comfortable competence and in ad- 
dition to this owns and occupies an attract- 
ive residence surrounded by an acre o( 
ground, that is located in unc of the b«at 
sections of Baker City. 

Mr. Moulton has been married twice. Ilia 
first union was in 186S with Mini .Anna 
Hcdger, who siib8C(iuently died. In H81 ho 
was married to Miss Kllen A. I'uxtun, ami 
to them have been born three cliildrrn. an 
follows: Herbert G., who i^i now in New 
York city; Ella L., who is attending the 
State University; and Clarence W., who b a 
civil engineer. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Moulton arc niembera 
of the Episcopal church, and fratcmolly ha 
has attained high rank in the Man-! 
in which he was initiated in Salt I 
in 1867. He is now a member ol ix. .^ .,,. 
Chapter, No. 15, R. A. M.; Itiiker ('oriimand 
cry. Xo. 9, K. T.; and Ihiker I.o<lKe, No. 47. 
A." F. & A. M.. in which he hnii held all of 
the chairs and is now wcrftary. He i* 
a past high priest of the chanter and at the 
present time is secretary of this choptrr and 
also recorder of the commondery. In mat- 
ters politic Mr. Moulton is ii republican and 
has several times been called to publi-' nnic*. 
He served as county commi^iiom-r t>>T four 

years, and as a member nf tli- -■ ' 1 i-i«rU 

for six, while he rcpresentcil l the 

city council for a nunil" r Mr. 

Moulton is one of the p' ■ ™n re- 

late many interesting r- ' "' ••<• 

early days pn the plaint uii.1 : 
ing camps, bis residence in ' 
the west covering the greot (iirmmw |..Tii"i 
in its development. 

WILLIAM BENNETT i« ■■n- of the early 

residenl'* and pioiiirr bii- ' ■ ■ "" " ■■' lUker 

f'ily. wImtc 1h' has Ix-en ••>• 

lumber iiit.risti for tli "• 

was born in the Htntc ■ | 

the Iltli of .Inniiiiry. t' 

.Tool and Snrnh (Hird) 1 

a native of England an 

state of New .lemry. 'I 

Pennsylvania and lh<'r' 

away. The f.iri..lv ,,: 

iiett niimb<'r<->l - •**■• 

reasi'fl » ith til "**■ 

Hi'nred in the iitotr "t lux birlli. William 
Bennett wa» givm fhr a^rin»a?« "f a 
fommoii ii-hool ri|i: 
home until '.:<■ 'n 
lie thru ! 
twelve J • 
time and cnerKi.* t.. the luml-er bu'in'^" '" 



104 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



Pennsylvania. In 1860 he went to Colorado 
and engaged in prospecting and mining for 
six years. At the expiration of that time 
he resumed his journey westward, locating 
in Montana where he continued his mining 
operations tor another six years. His next 
removal was to Washington, and there he 
renewed his connection with the lumber busi- 
ness, remaining a resident of that state until 
1876. In the latter year he came to Baker 
City and went into the lumber business, and 
has met with excellent success in the de- 
velopment of his enterprise. Together with 
his son he has acquired valuable property 
interests, now holding the title to several 
hundred acres of land in Baker county. 

Mr. Bennett has been married twice, his 
first union being with Miss Elizabeth Bary. 
They were married in Pennsylvania in 1858, 
Mrs. Bennett passing away in Montana in 
1869. They were the parents of five children, 
as follows: Millard, who is in business part- 
nership with his father; Bion H. and Miller 
F., both of whom are deceased; Thomas E., 
a resident of Idaho; and Elizabeth, who is 
married and resides in Pennsylvania. On 
the 24th of December, 1871, Mr. Bennett and 
Miss Mary J. Watters were united in mar- 
riage, and' to them were born seven children: 
Cora, the wife of Willis Moore; Estella, who 
married Thomas Dunn; Gallic, the wife of 
Ezra Martin; and Mary and Mattie, who are 
twins, the former the wife of Charles Gould, 
and the latter of Amos Guard; and Malcolm 
A., all residents of this county. The young- 
est member of the family died in infancy. 

Mr. Bennett is affiliated with the Bene- 
volent Protective Order of Elks, being one of 
the oldest members of this fraternity in the 
state of Oregon. His political allegiance he 
has accorded to the republican party ever 
since the right of franchise was granted hiin 
and although in earlier life lie always took 
an active interest in all municipal attairs 
he never served in any official capacity save 
as a member of the school board. Mr. Ben- 
nett has been an interested observer of the 
development and progress of the west during 
the past fifty years, and many are the inter- 
esting reminiscences he can relate of pioneer 
days and life in the mining camps at that 
period, when the only law was that enforced 
by the vigilance committees. 

ROBERT LAING, who is now living retired 
in Pendleton, is the owner of a, fine ranch of 
four hundred and eighty acres in Umatilla 
county, which he successfully cultivated for 
more than fifteen years. He was born in 
Canada on the lOth of Septemlicr. 1S41, and 
is a son of .^ames and Elizabeth (Jason) 
Laing, both natives of Scotland. In is:!:i 
they emigrated to America, settling in Can- 
ada, where they continued to reside until 
1860 when they removed to New Zealand, 
and there passed thc! remainder of their lives. 
Six children were born to them all of whom 
are now deceased with the exception of our 
subject. 

Robert Laing was reared in the dominion to 
tlic age of twenty years, and was educated 
in its common schools. He accompanied his 



parents on their removal to New Zealand 
and after pioneering there for twenty years 
decided to come to the United States. Upon 
his return to America, in 1880, he decided to 
locate in Kansas, toward which state many 
emigrants were headed at that period, but 
not meeting with the success he anticipated, 
four years later he came to Umatilla county. 
After his arrival here he invested in a tract 
of railroad land ten miles north of Pendle- 
ton, upon which he settled. He subsequently 
extended his holdings by availing himself 
of the homestead privilege, devoting his land 
almost entirely to raising wheat. Being a 
farmer of many years experience, and prac- 
tical and intelligent in his ideas, he met with 
more than average success and as his cir- 
cumstances warranted he made further im- 
provements upon his ranch. Erom time to 
time he installed modern conveniences on his 
place and so added to its comforts and, there 
is to be found on his farm every appliance 
that minimizes labor or expedites work, 
making his one of the best equipped ranches 
in the community. He energetically applied 
himself to the cultivation of his land for 
fifteen years, during that time acquiring 
a competence which warranted his with- 
drawal from active work and he came to 
Pendleton where he bought the fine residence 
he now occupies with his family, and where 
he has ever since lived retired, 

Mr. Laing was married in New Zealand in 
lS(i('> to Miss Mary McDonald, a native of 
Scotland and a daughter of Donald and 
Agnes McDonald, who in the early years of 
their domestic life located in New Zealand, 
and there they both passed away. Ten 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Laing, of whom six are living, namely: 
Jlaiy, the wife of James Hartnett, of Llma- 
tilla county; Alfred, also living in this 
county; James T.; Arthur, who is a resi- 
dent of Spokane; W. R.. of this county; and 
Alice B,, the wife of G. D. Roe, of Boise, 
Idaho. 

Mr. and Mrs. Laing are members of the 
Presbyterian church, in which faith they 
reared their family. In politics he is inde- 
pendent, strongly advocating progressive and 
reformatory measures and has served in the 
capacity of school director. He possesses 
many of the fine, sterling qualities of the 
Scotch race and to his thrift and enterprise 
and incorruptible integrity must be at- 
tributed his success. His achievements have 
been attained through many long years of 
close application and unswerving determina- 
tion and now in the evening of life he is 
enjoying ease and comfort, 

JUDGE JOHN B, MESSICK, For one term 
Juilge Jolin B, Messick sat upon the bench 
"f Baker county, but he has alwaj's prelerred 
to continue in the private practice of law 
and is now accorded a large and distinct- 
ively representative clientage, connecting 
him with much of the important litigation 
heard in the courts of this district. He was 
born in Nicholasville, Kentucky, July 14, 
1802, and is a son of Richard M. and Mary 
(Tomlinson) Messick. The father was also 



PUBLIC LI8HAKY P 



MTOn, UNOX AND 
nUBCM FOUN 



THE CENTEXXIAL IIISTORV (iF ORKOoN 



107 



a native of Xicliolasvillp. wliilc the mother's 
birth oceiirred in MoumlsviUe, West Virginia. 
Tliey now reside near r>o.s An;,'eles and the 
former is a retired minister of the Christian 
church, lie was also an attorney oi note, 
practicing successfully for ten "or twelve 
years before he entered the ministry, to 
which he devoted forty years of his" life. 
His zeal and devotion in the work made his 
intluenee of no restricted or<ler and he did 
much to develop the churches in the various 
localities where he preaeheil. 

•Judge Messiek was the third in order of 
birth in a family of nine children, of whom 
five are yet living. When he was eight years 
of age his parents removed to .Missouri aiid 
his education was largely aci|uired in the 
public schools of Chillicothe, that state, ami 
supplemented by study in the William .Jewell 
College at Liberty, Missouri. In the spring 
of lSS(i he came to Oregon and engagi'd in 
teaching school. He also studied law until 
1.S92. when he was admitted to the bar ajid 
began practicing, opening a law oMiri' in 
liaker, where he has since remained. He had 
previously become a resident of this place 
in the fall of 1890. For a time he pursue<l 
his reading in the law olliee oC Charles F. 
Hyde, with whom he remained for several 
years after his admission to the bar and also 
studied with Adams & >Iar(|Uam. of I'ort- 
land. He is an able lawver. with wide 
kninvledge of the principles of jurisprudi^nce. 
and his careful analysis enables him to ac- 
curately apply his leg«il learning to the 
points at issue. 

In his political views Judge Messiek has 
always been a democrat althougli never an 
active politician in the sense of ollice seek- 
ing. For two terms he has filled the posi- 
tion of justice of tlie peace and for one term 
he served as county judge, sitting u|ion the 
bench during the time that the courthouse 
was built. His decisions have ever been 
strictly fair and impartial ami in rendering 
judgment he lost sight of no point of the 
case whether of minor or essential impor- 
tance. 

On April, ISO.'i. Judge Messiek was united 
in marriage to Miss Stella Haines, who was 
l>orn in Haker, Oregon, and is a daughter of 
Isaac U. and Sarah Haini-s. who were natives 
of Ohio and Missouri respectively. The fa- 
ther crossed the plains in IN4;i with a rille 
regiment to Oregon and flieil in Maker in 
1892. He was an attorney and praiticfd his 
profession for many years, and he also 
served as representative ami state senator in 
the Oregon legislature. His wiilow still sur- 
vives him and resides in Baker. I'nto .luilge 
and Mrs. Messiek were tiorn three children. 
Bell. Frances and Helen, the last named dy- 
ing In infancy. Judge Messiek is a member 
of the Christian ch\iri-h while his wife re- 
maineil true to the faith of the Kpiseopal 
church, in which she was reared. .Imlge 
Messiek Is a Knight's Templar and thirty- 
seeomi degree Mason. He also holds mem- 
bership with the Woodmen of the World. 
being one of the iddest representatives of 
that organization in Baker. While he in a 
prominent representative of the profeMinn, 
upon which the progress and stable prosp<'r- 



ity of every cuniniunity .Ir rMl 

he is also identified with -' whirh 

In other dire<-tion-. eoiistitu'., t:.. l^,[e «)«. 
inent of progrt-ss alone intrll.-. tiul nod 
moral lines. 

T. CALVIN HYDE. A »....!.. ,. ... , 

live of the legal fratern; 
was the late T. Calvin H. 
twenty-tlirei- years practice in 
ample op|Hirtunity to nianife^i 
elliciency in the application of 
of jurisprudence. lie wax ■ n 
state, his birth having iM-.-urnii n' 

City on the L'.'.th of SeiitendN<r, 1 

a son of II. II. and llenrietla ill 

Hyde. The father was a native of the ■titto 
of Maine, whence he crosw<| the plato* In 
Oregon in the early MtM, ami herr both ha 
and the mother passed away. 

T. Calvin llyile was rpured • <ni] 
given the advantages of nn rii . .ij 
ing. having completed hl-> • '. ij. 
l.iniette Iniversity. He tn 
Identify himself with tlir 
and soon after leaving tin- 
Hie law ollice of .liHtiiuin '! 
City, this state, where he pur- ro 
fessional studies. He was adm tli» 
bar upon attaining his mnjoritt m tsiVii. 
During the succeeding four jear« be ••tiKht 
school and also engagtsl in tli' of 
law in fJrant county. In H7 to 
liaker City and went intu • ih 
Judge \j. tl. Stearns, an' 'I* 
this elty his hmne. Mr. II. . in- 
usual mental i|iialitli-atioiis n' ' >m> 
happy fai'iilty of elucidating ' it- 
trieate legal lechnalities. I - >n 
of his cases he was nio«t (■ r%g 
Infinite care not to ' >t 
Would give his opjxi -. 
He was \er,v (Minscienl I'-n -ii- 
■<i>lf thoughtfully anil i-<oi ' i* 
protection of his elifn''- ng 
the long (H-riod of In '>• 
courts of this count', th 
various lni|Hirtii i "ll 
times ac<|uitted l>: '• 
manner. 

i)n the t4lh of January. IM74. Mr. lljtiU 

WHS unitiNl in i' . •• " K, 

Parker, who «a- 't, 

anil is a daught< i ->- 

inela (Cooper I r«rk<T, I '• 

both iKirn in Keiitiirl<\ '• "« 

fhev were rrsidenis ■'< 

from there t" BiV^-r ' r» 

they both f •'•' itt. 

and Mrs. I •!« oj 

whom ■ "' !• 

were t ' 

lows. '• 

H.. a r •» 

Baker; "^ 

C of I- 

rrnsml , '* 
the Fir 

Mr. ' nlrrr«t 



ira, and «a« on* of Ih* hifbly honnrvd 



108 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



bors of all these organizations. His political 
support he gave to the democratic party and 
served for two terms as prosecuting attorney 
in district two of this state. He passed 
away on the 14th of November, 1896, his 
funeral services being conducted in accord- 
ance with the rites of the Masonic order, af- 
ter which he was laid to rest in their ceme- 
tery. He is survived by his widow, who still 
resides in the house which has been the 
family home since 1879. In addition to her 
comfortable home, Mrs. Hyde is the owner 
of another residence in Baker City that she 
rents. Mr. Hyde's residence in this city 
covered a period of sufficient length for him 
to prove beyond a doubt his worth both as 
a public and private citizen, and those who 
knew him best declare him to have been a 
man of the highest honor and integrity and 
fully entitled to the esteem and respect he 
was generally accorded. 

HON. WILLIAM SPENCER NEWBURY. 

Few men have a wider acquaintance in Ore- 
gon than the Hon. William Spencer Newljury, 
for lie has long been an active member of 
the bar of this state and has also operated 
along commercial lines in various towns and 
cities. He is now devoting his energies to 
law practice in Baker and his success has its 
root in his thorough understanding of legal 
principles and his unfaltering devotion to the 
interests of his clients. A native of Now 
York, he was born at Ripley, Chautauqua 
county, September 19, 1834, his parents being 
John A. and Louisa (Spencer) Newbury. The 
family in the paternal line came from New- 
bury Castle, England. Two brothers with 
their wives and children sailed for America 
in 1020 and one became the founder of New- 
buryport, Massachusetts, and the other of 
Win(isor, Connecticut. Representatives of 
the name were soldiers of the Revolutionary 
war. The estate of the founder of Windsor 
was settled in ]6;i9. It is from this branch 
of the family that William S. Newbury de- 
scended. His father was a native of Con- 
necticut and became a pioneer of western 
New York, settling in Chautauqua county. 
He owned two hundred and forty-eight acres 
of land there and afterward purchased four 
adjoining tracts, becoming prominently con- 
nected with the agricultural interests of that 
district, in which he died at the age of 
eighty- four years as the result of a fait from 
a building. His wife was a native of Genoa, 
New York, and died when her son William 
was but seven years of age. He was the 
eldest of six children, the others being: Eliza- 
beth. Adelbert and .lohn, all of Ripley, New 
York; Mrs. Sarah lirown, living in Silver 
Creek, New York; and Mrs. Julia A. Griffin, 
of Los Angeles, California. 

William Spencer Newbury remained with 
his father until IS.'iO, when,' after visiting an 
UMele anil nunt for about a year and a half 
he Went to Cliieago. where he accepted a 
clerkship in n wholesale hardware and plumb- 
ing I'Htabllsliment, (here remaining until 
18,'it. when, on aci-oiiiit nf illness, he returned 
homo. Later he again visited Chicago and 
Milwaukee and spent the winter of 18,5.5-6 at 



Fo.ic Lake, Wisconsin, where he entered upon 
the study of law under the direction of 
State Senator John W. Davis. He next went 
to Madison, Wisconsin, where he was grad- 
uated from a commercial college. Four of 
the state senators oft'ered him positions as 
manager of lumber companies in northern 
Wisconsin but he had to decline these because 
of jealousy among them, and later unso- 
licited he was offered the position as manager 
and bookkeeper for a large lumber company 
operating in the northern part of the state. 
He had two hundred and fifty men under him 
in the woods getting out logs and he also 
built a steamboat and a lumber mill on 
Half Moon lake. While thus engaged he 
likewise constructed eighty rods of a canal 
from James river to the head of the lake and 
thus providing transportation facilities he 
shipped millions of feet of lumber down the 
Mississippi river. For a year he remained 
with that company. In the fall of 18.57 he 
took a trip of general observation, visiting 
St. Louis, New Orleans and Havana, Cuba, 
from which point he went to New York city 
to visit his parents, returning west by way 
of Chicago and Madison to St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, in February, 1858. In the fall or winter 
of that year he took entire charge at Sioux 
City, Iowa, of the business of the Little 
American Fur Company of St. Louis, then 
having trading posts along the Missouri and 
Yellowstone rivers, a distance of three thou- 
sand miles. Operations by that company 
were suspended owing to the troubles that 
preceded the outbreak of the Civil war. This 
was in December, 1859. Mr. Newbury and 
one of the company's men then spent nine- 
teen days going down the Missouri river to 
St. Louis in a steamboat with Captain George 
Atkinson. He taught school in the Ozark 
mountains in the winter of 1859-60 and later 
went to lola, Kansas, purchasing an interest 
in that town, which had recently been 
founded. He purchased a ranch six miles 
east of the town and in the fall of the 
year returned to Madison, Wisconsin, where 
he married Alzina Taylor, a native of New 
York. He then took his wife to lola, where 
he erected a comfortable residence, into which 
they moved in the spring of 1861. While 
there residing Mr. Newbury was appointed 
postmaster of the town and he also con- 
ducted a store and engaged in the practice of 
law there. 

Following the outbreak of the Civil war Mr. 
Newbury enlisted in August, 1861, as a mem- 
ber of Company K, Sixth Kansas Infantry, 
and the following spring this company was 
merged with the Eighth Kansas Infantry and 
became Company F. At his enlistment Mr. 
Newbury sent his wife back to her people 
and did not again see her until 1864, when 
he was mustered out of the service in order 
that he might fill the position of assistant 
provost marshal general of the state, in which 
capacity he served until the fall of 1865. 
In January of that year the state senate un- 
animously elected him assistant secretary, 
every member voting. The position came to 
him unsolicited while he was on a visit to 
the capital to bid his friends good bye and 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



106 



he served until the adjournment of tlio 
session. 

In the meantime Mr. Xewbury had resumed 
the study of law and was admitted to the 
bar, after which he practiced in lola, Kansas, 
until the spring of 1870. While residing in 
lola he was elected mayor of the city but 
resigned that position in order to remove to 
San Francisco in June. 1S70. Disposing of 
his interest in the Sunflower state, he made 
his way westward to San Francisco and in 
August of the same year became a resident 
of Portland, where he made his home for 
thirty years and engaged successfully in the 
practice of law. However, he extended his 
operations into other fields elsewhere and in 
the fall of 1871 began buying wheat and 
conducting a storage at Albany in addition 
to handling agricultural implements. There 
he continued in business until 1874 and in 
the fall of 1873 he bought in a single day 
one hundred and sixty-six thousand bushels 
of wheat at a dollar per bushel and paid 
for all of it. He also acted as steamboat 
agent at Albany. In March. 1S71. however, 
he returned to Portland, where he opened 
a law office but two years later accepted the 
position of manager for Frank Brothers & 
Company, dealers in agricultural implements, 
for the northwest. In June, 1877. he re- 
turned from a business trip up the Willam- 
ette valley just in time to cast the last 
ballot in his precinct ere the polls were closed 
for that day. As soon as the votes were 
counted he found himself elected mayor of 
Portland and served from July. 1877, until 
July. 1870. His was a most creditable ad- 
ministration of the city affairs, no complaint 
ever being made for injudicious management 
or extravagant practices. During his term 
nine and a half miles of street paving were 
put down and a new engine house on Morri- 
son street was built and paid for. The city 
tax levy was five mills during his term and 
he paid all bills and had about eighty-nine 
thousand dollars remaining in the city treas- 
ury at the close of his terra. During the 
period of his mavoraltv in Portland ami in 
fact from 1876 "until "February, 1880. Mr. 
Newbury was engaged very extensively in 
the sale of agricultural implements as the 
head of the firm of Xewbury, Hawthorne A 
Company and had branch houses at FJose- 
burg. Albany and Walla Walla. Upon the 
death of Dr. Hawthorne, one of the partners, 
the business was closed out in 1880. 

Mr. Xewbury then resumed the practice of 
law and for two years was trial referee on 
the equity side of "the circuit court, lie tried 
about tw"o hundred and forty cases and in no 
instance was the decision ever reversed. His 
services took on a judicial nature and l)eeau»e 
of this he has since been called "jiidee." In 
1809. however, be closed his Portlanil nllirn 
and went to the Sumpter mining di.itrict. 
He bought and sold minine intere.<t« until 
1907. when he settled in Baker and opennl 
a law office, since which time he h«» here 
engaged in practice. 

Unto Mr. and Afra. Xewbury have bren 
born three children: Tzetta. now thr wife 
of G. W. Poole, of Crabtree. J. inn county, 



Oregon; Estella, who is t .,f C. N. 

Stephenson, of Portland; .i , S., who 

died at Portland at the u^< oi :.vc yrar*. 
In politii-s .Mr. .Newbury hiix bf.-n n lift- Iuok 

republican and assisted in • ,rty 

in Xew York in is:.4. the 
llrand Army of the }'■>- 
bership in (leorge \\ 
also in the Loyal l.<u: 

the Oregon C'omniundi-ry. Hi. i • 

somewhat varied but altogcthii .••r 
and he has proven him.ielf equally ^a(-jI»I.' in 
commercial and profe8<iii>nal purxuilx. 

GEORGE H. FOSTER ha* U-en rnjp.««l in 
the lire iii.surance and real c»tn'.- ' ■■-■ — i In 
rtaker since 1902. lie ha* a ■> :\l 
anee. moreover, by rea.tnn of tl (fl- 
ees he has filled, in each of ■■.»» 
proved his loyalty to the tni- m 
liim and his capability by tin- i>r.>iii|>l rtnl 
faithful discharge of hU dutiix lln wa« hnrn 
in Florence, Idaho, then n " 
camp near l.ewiston. .Inn 
parents being .Iiiniei 1'-' 
aheth (Ilenderion) K im 
of Ohio and St. .b- , t- 
ivcly. Their mnrriuge > In 
Yamhill county, Oregon, i i nf 
been brought to Ihi* state by 1 la 
184.1. She was tM>rn in li»n ha 
daughter of ,Jes«c H 'h* 
early pioneers who »ii • r. 
The father reniove<l ».•>.» ir i (a 
Iowa and thenci- earm' t-< tlii> m 
1853, when sevrnteen !■ it. tk 
having occurred in I'- » 
ing their marriage, -«, 
Foster resided at Thr I ' ••« 
quently went to fh>> mino« >'<o 
and later becann r. 
Again. hi>wevrr. -"I 
Mrs. Fotter pn*- m 
Octolier, 1 873, u if 
years of agi". '' -■• 
his home in th'' 
mainder of ln-4 

Boiiie in O. "» 

by trade nn ' i« 

life, no m.\' -•. 

entfjifffd in " '»• 

\l<\' ■' ' '■>■ 

eri •! 

wl.. ,.. ■<» 

wife V \. 

wlio i> !• 

a -l 

i.Hi ,■ «lM 
i* 111.. S-io^if. ot \!U!0«. 
Or**troii 

f: r 

nf •! 

,|, f. 

■I- 

I. -k 

h . »• 

Hr, n4 

r,.- ■*. 

Ihii-i ...-..-..i .. ... - - ...i.a- 



110 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



istration he was appointed postmaster of 
Baker and served in that office for four 
years. He likewise filled the office of dep- 
uty county recorder of Baker county for two 
years and for ten years was city treasurer, 
proving a most capable and watchful custo- 
dian (if the public funds, fn fact in every 
position in which he has been called upon to 
serve he has been most loyal to the trust 
reposed in him and has discharged his duties 
in_ a most prompt and able manner so that 
over the record of his official career there 
falls no shadow of wrong nor suspicion of 
evil. He established his present fire insu- 
rance and real-estate agency in 1903 and in 
the intervening period of ten years has built 
up a good clientage in this connection. In 
addition to his other interests he is the sec- 
retary of the Eastern Oregon Building & 
Loan Association, which position he has filled 
for five years. 

On the 19th of .June, 1907, ilr. Foster was 
united in marriage to Miss Anna E. Kinnison, 
a native of Baker and a daughter of Hiram 
A. Kinnison. who was a pioneer of this sec- 
tion of the state but is now deceased. Mr. 
Foster belongs to the Oregon Pioneers Asso- 
ciation. He is also a member of the Com- 
mercial Club and is in entire sympathy with 
its projects to promote the welfare of his 
city and advance its improvement and devel- 
opment. As has been previously indicated, 
his political allegiance is given to the demo- 
cratic party, of which lie is a stanch advo- 
cate, lie holds membership witli tlie Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and with the 
Kniglits of Pythias, and for five years lie has 
been the secretary of the Elks lodge at 
Baker. In his religious faith he is a Pres- 
byterian and his faith in the church has 
been a dominating force in every other rela- 
tion of his life, prompting him to meet every 
obligation and discharge every duty in a 
manner that lias won for him the honor and 
high esteem of those who know him. 

JOHN L. STOCKMAN, who passed away 
at his lionie in California, February 10, 1907, 
was a liighly honored veteran of the Civil 
war, having rendered edicient service as a 
member of the Sixth Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, and participated in Sherman's fa- 
mous march to the sea. He was born in Ohio, 
October 2;>, 1841, the son of John C. and 
Mary (Poole) Stockman, both of whom were 
natives of Ohio. In their family were three 
children, of whom only W. .J. Stockman, 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work, 
now survives. 

In 1866, after the close of the war, .Tohn 
L, Stockman went to California, where he 
resided for eleven years. Subseq\iently he 
came to ITmatilla county, where he took up 
a claim about twenty -five miles north of 
Pendh-ton, also homesteading a timber claim 
and taking up six hundred and forty acres 
of radroad land, to which he later added 
until at the time of his death he owned 
twelve hundred and eighty acres of land. 
He also owned property in Pendleton. He 
was very successful financially and Mrs. 



Stockman is now supplied with a goodly 
competence. 

On the 5th of October, 1902, Mr. Stock- 
man wedded Miss Mary L. Bier, who was 
born in Ross count.y, Ohio, and was the eld- 
est in a family of seven children born to her 
parents, Louis and Margaret Bier. The par- 
ents were both natives of Ohio and passed 
away in that state. Jlrs. Stockman still 
owns the farm of twelve hundred and eighty 
acres, all of which is under a high state 
of cultivation, and she also has two lots 
in Portland and a beautiful residence at 
No. 615 (iarfield street, in Pendleton. She 
has charge of the entire estate left by her 
husband and is managing it along the same 
careful business lines wliich he employed. 
She is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal cliurcli and is much interested in char- 
itable and beneficent work. 

Politically Mr. Stockman was a re|mbli- 
caii and although he kept well informed on 
the political questions and issues of the day, 
he was never an office seeker, lie was 
identified with the (irand Army of the Re- 
public as a member of Kit Carson Post of 
Pendleton. He was an earnest and faith- 
ful worker in the Metliodist Episcojial cliurch, 
an active and industrious citizen and a man 
of business ability, who commanded the con- 
fidence and esteem of all with wliom he was 
associated. 

C. P. DEVEREAUX is senior member of 
tlie Devereaux & Tri|)p Timber Company, 
which was organized in the spring of 1903 
by the subject of tliis review and Frank 
A. Tripp under their jiresent lirni style. 
Since that time the business has enjoyed con- 
tinuous development as the direct and 'tangible 
result of the enterprise and energy of the 
partners. Throughout his entire life C. P. 
Devereaux has been connected with timber 
interests and is, as it were, "to the manner 
born." his father having also been always 
engaged in the timber business. C. P. Dever- 
eaux was born in Ithaca, Michigan, October 
10. 1S77, and is a son of Philemon Theodore 
and Ella J. (Wilson) Devereaux. His grand- 
father, Theodore Devereaux, was one of the 
pioneer settlers of Gratiot county, Michigan, 
and had a family of twelve children, includ- 
ing Philemon T. Devereaux, who in early 
manhood became connected with timber inter- 
ests in Michigan, to which business he has 
devoted his entire life. For three years he 
has been a resident of Eugene, where he is 
now widely and favorablv known. He holds 
membership with the Yeomen and has a wide 
acquaintance in fraternal and social as well 
as business circles. 

C. P. Devereaux largely spent his youthful 
days at Park Rapids, Minnesota, to which 
place his parents had removed during his 
early childhood. In the acquirement of his 
education he passed through consecutive 
grades there to the high school and when 
he had put aside his text-books he became 
associated with his father in timber work 
He IS a thoroughly trained timber cruiser 
and an enterprising, energetic young man 
and his previous training and assistance well 





>1K. AND MUS. .1. I.. >^'"' 1^^' ^ 



THE NEW YORkI 
PUBLIC UP/ 



in ■ 






J 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF^ OREGON 



ii: 



fitted him to engage in business on his own 
account when in the spring of 1903 he joined 
Frank A. Tripp in organizing tlie Devereaux 
& Tripp Timber Company, which for nine 
years has been conducting a good business. 
From the outset they have prospered and 
their trade has increased year by year until 
from a small beginning they have developed 
an enterprise of large and gratifying propor- 
tions. They buy and sell standing timber, 
operating in Oregon and northern California, 
and always have on hand at least two hun- 
dred million feet standing timber. Strict in- 
tegrity and thorough reliability have ever 
been features of the business and the part- 
ners are regarded as men who are absolutely 
dependable under all circumstances. 

Jlr. Devereaux was married in 1898 to Miss 
Eula M. Hoyt. a daughter of William R. 
Hoyt, of Hillsboro, Uregon. and they now 
have two children, Hoyt Theodore and KUa 
Cleone. The parents are consistent members 
of the Baptist church, taking an active and 
helpful part in its work, Mr. Devereaux serv- 
ing as chairman of its board of trustees and 
also as church treasurer. He is likewise a 
' member of its finance committee and chair- 
man of its music committee and has sung in 
the choir and in ditTerent choral organiza- 
tions from his boyhood. He has ever been 
a lover of music and the art contributes 
largely to his life's happiness. He is a mem- 
ber of the Yoiuig Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, of Eugene, and .serves on its board of 
directors, taking keen interest in the ad- 
vancement of this helpful institution. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with Kugenc Camp, 
No. 115, W. 0. W. In his business affairs 
he displays an aptitude for successful man- 
agement that is based upon long experience 
and sound judgnienl and liis worth in other 
relations equals his high standing in business 
circles. 

HON. J. S. GURDANE. No hi-tory of 
Pendleton and eastern Oregon would be com- 
plete and satisfactory were there failure to 
make prominent reference to the Hon. J. S. 
Gurdane, now one of the most venerable 
citizens of this part of the state, having at- 
tained the age of eighty-eight years. He is 
a veteran of both the Mexican and the Civil 
wars and he has aided in framing the laws 
of Oregon as a member of the state legisla- 
ture. He was born on shipboard olf .Sandy 
Hook. New York harbor. May IS. 1824, his 
parents being .John and Elizabeth (Bcntty) 
Gurdane. both of whom were of Scotch line- 
age and nativity. The father wa.s bom in 
Xewwine, Glasgow, and the mother in Salt 
Market, Glasgow. The father was a .xnilor 
and made several trips across the ocean from 
various points. He at one time ownnl a 
sailing vessel but his ship was sunk near 
Newfoundland and all on hoard were lost. 
His wife died when their son .1. S. Gurdane 
was but three years of age. after which he 
was adopted bv" a family with whom he re- 
mained to the "age of fifteen years, when he 
started out independently in life. Following 
the example of his father, he went to sen 
and for twenty-four years was a sailor. In 



1845 he enlisted for service in the American 
navy, with which he continual for live year*, 
five months and sixteen days, during whirh 
period he participated in the .Mexican wur. 
Following the close of the war the iihip on 
which he was serving was engagint in run- 
ning down [lirates in every port of any im- 
portance throughout the world. 

After twenty-four years' life upon tho 
seas Mr. Gurdane located at Hncine, Wiscon- 
sin, where he resided until after the outbrenk 
of the Civil war. lie enli-ted from Ke- 
waunee county, Wisconsin, on the 9th of 
October. 1S61, to serve for tliro«> yearn, or 
during the war, and was mustered into thp 
United .States service at Foml dii I-ne on the 
11th of t)ctoher, ISill, lieeimiing a private 
of Company E. Fourteenth Wisconsin Vol- 
unteer Infantry, under coniiiiand of Captain 
George E. Waldo and Colonel David E. Wooil. 
He received an honorable discharKe at 
Vicksburg, Mississippi, that he ini)riit re- 
enlist as a veteran in the same eomiMiny nnd 
regiment to serve for three years more nnd 
after veteranizing he was under the •■•ini- 
mand of Captain William I. Henry nnd 
Colonel Lyman M. Ward. The Fourteenth 
Wisconsin was organized in Noveinber. I SOI, 
and rendezvoused at Cainp WoimI, Fond du 
Lac. Its organization was completed in .Inn- 
uary. 1802. under Colonel David K. WoimI 
and was mustered into the I'niteil Slnle* 
service on the .lOtli of that iiiontli. In Keh- 
ruary the regiment receivi-d thorough in- 
struction in drilling nnd discipline nnd on 
the Sth of March broke cntnp nnd stnrtetl 
for St. I..<mis. arriving there on the KUh. 
They remained at .lelTerson I' mtil 

the 2:!d of March and were i i to 

join General Grant at .'^avnnn 
On the lith of .\pril this i-oiip 
to rittsbiirg Landing and '■■" 
battli- of .Shiloh on the s. en- 

gagement, losing fourteen ■ "tf- 

nine woiiniled. For bravery m lh>» Iwtll* 
the Fourteenth received thp title of Wi»<-.in 
sin Regulars. They afterward reliirnrd to 
Pittsburg Ijinding. where lliev were en 
gaged in provost gunril duly 
On tht 2.^.l of Angusl. ISf,;. t 
to Corinth, .Mississippi. •■ ' 
to the Sixth l)ivi«ioii. ' 
took part in various . ., 
northern .Mississippi nml on the I7i 
identified with the movement '■• 
GenernI Roseernns, who w»« "n 

General Price nt lukn. Th- ■'••I 

in the battle of Corinth or • 
occupying the ndvnnced i 
— the post of ■ ' 

conimnndi'd th- 
report : "Coloni 1 . 
the Foiirte<'iith Wi- 
wns no fli-tOituTii 
stendy, cool nn' 

upon in nnv -' 

more l"s« ' \ "" 

commnnd ' '"'"^ 

liver. " ; 

c*»o|ti- 
U|Min orm ■- ■ • ■ .- 

left Corinth, marched to r.rand .Innrtloa. 



114 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



Mississippi, thence to Holly Springs on the 
27th and the next day encountered the 
enemy. On the 18th of December they 
moved on into Mississippi, and thence to 
Moscow, Tennessee, where they were en- 
camped until January 13, 1863, when they 
embarked for Vicksburg, moving thence to 
Lake Providence. Louisiana. On the 20th of 
April they continued on to Millikens Bend 
and soon afterward entered upon the Vicks- 
burg campaign, taking part in the engage- 
ments at Champion's Hill, Big Black River 
and the siege of Vicksburg. The regiment 
went into winter quarters at Vicksburg and 
in December two-thirds of the number re- 
enlisted and on the 3d of January, 1864, 
started home on veteran furlough. On the 
6th of March they returned to Vicksburg 
and the regiment was attached to General 
A. J. Smith's command and took part in the 
Red River expedition, participating in the 
engagement at Pleasant Hill, Cloutierville, 
Marksville and Yellow Bayou, returning to 
Vicksburg in the latter part of May, 1864, 
and soon afterward moving on to Memphis. 
In July the Fourteenth Wisconsin took part 
in the Tupelo expedition, including the battle 
at that place, and on the 3d of August em- 
barked .at Memphis for St. Charles, Arkansas, 
where it remained until the 1st of Septem- 
ber, and then made expeditions to Deval's 
Bluff and Augusta. .Soon afterward the men 
started in pursuit of Price through Missouri 
but returned to Nashville, Tennessee, Novem- 
ber 30, and the regiment was then assigned 
to the First Brigade, Third Division. Army 
of the Tennessee. They took part in the 
battle of Nashville on the 15th of Decem- 
ber, 1864, started in pursuit of Hood and on 
the 8th of February, 1865, moved on to New 
Orleans. They participated in the siege of 
Mobile, including the capture of Spanish 
Fort and Fort Blakely, and then continued 
to Montgomery, Alabiiraa. A detachment of 
the regiment, consisting of Company E and 
others that returned from veteran furlough 
too late to join the Red River expedition, 
were attached to the Seventeenth Corps, 
known as Worden's Battalion, in March, 
1864. They participated in the Atlanta 
campaign with Sherman's army and reioined 
the Fourteenth Wisconsin at Nashville in 
November. The regiment was mustered out 
at Mobile October 9, 1865. .John S. Gur- 
dane had been promoted to the rank of cor- 
poral and then to sergeant of his company. 
He was wounded April 7. 1862. in the battle 
of Shiloh by a gunshot in the right leg and 
again at Vicksburg by a gunshot in the neck, 
and he also lost bis left eye. He did not 
leave his command, however, being treated in 
the field hospital. He was constantly with 
his regiment during its long and arduous 
service, bearing himself g.allantly in all the 
engagements, and was mustered out at 
Mobile October 0, 1865, receiving an hon- 
orable discharge by reason of the close of the 
war. His command participated in the 
Grand Review at Washington, afterward 
went to Tx)uisville. Kentucky, and thence by 
steamer to New Orleans and on to Mobile, 
Alnbnma. where Company E rejoined the 



regiment. Mr. Gurdane was in the pontoon 
service all through Sherman's March to the 
Sea. 

When the war was over Mr. Gurdane re- 
turned to his home in Wisconsin. He had 
been married at Racine, Wisconsin, October 
15, 1856, to Je.annette Smith, and unto them 
were born four children, Annie J., John W.. 
Douglas C. and Nettie A. For his second 
wife he chose Celia E. McBroon, whom he 
married in Shelby county, Missouri. October 
9. 1867, and unto them was born a son, 
Thomas B. 

It was in 1SG6 that Mr. Gurdane removed 
from Wisconsin to Missouri, purchasing a 
farm in Shelby county, where he resided un- 
til 1883, when he came to Oregon, settling 
in Umatilla county. Here he purchased a 
claim, on which he lived for seventeen years. 
He then took up his abode in Riverside, an 
attractive suburb of Pendleton, where he has 
since been a breeder of fancy chickens. He 
is a republican in politics, stanchly support- 
ing the party, and for many years he was 
recognized as a leading worker in its ranks. 
Twice he has been called to represent Uma- 
tilla county in the state legislature and he 
has been a member of the state central com- 
mittee. The cause of education finds in him 
a warm friend and for fifteen years he served 
as school director. He is also well known 
in fraternal circles, holding membership in 
Kit Carson Post, No. 38, G. A. R., of which 
he was quartermaster for 1910. He was also 
a member of the council of administration 
and aide-de-camp on the staff of the depart- 
ment committee. He likewise belongs to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a 
remarkably well preserved man both men- 
tally and physically. There is perhaps in 
all the northwest hardly another living 
veteran of the Mexican war. His life record 
covers the most momentous period in the 
history of the United States. He has lived 
to witness the successful outcome of three 
of the great wars in which the country has 
engaged, but greater still have been the vic- 
tories of peace in the extension of civiliza- 
tion into the once wild western country and 
the utilization of its natural resources for 
the benefit of man. He has made his life 
one of usefulness in every relation and he 
now receives the honor and respect which 
should ever be accorded one who has at- 
tained advanced years and whose course of 
life has exemplified high and honorable 
principles. 

JAMES JONES, an agriculturist of 
Pendleton, was bom in Green county, Ken- 
tucky, on the 25th of September. 1S29, his 
parents being Morgan and Nancy Jane 
(Lewis) Jones, whose deaths occurred when 
their son was but a small child, and in con- 
sequence he remembers little of them. To 
their union fifteen children were born, of 
whom James is the eleventh. All but two 
grew to maturity, but our subject is the 
only one now surviving. 

Until about 1849 .James Jones resided 
upon the farm where he was born. In his 
early years be attended the district school 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



llj 



and subsequently followed the life common 
to the farm boy, assisting in the lesser 
duties on the farm, and gradually acquiring 
the experience and ability to enable him to 
carry on many of the more important opera- 
tions of the farm. When he was about 
twenty years of age he went to St. Joseph, 
Missouri, where he resided with a brother for 
some time. Subsequently he returned to 
Kentucky and for two years resided with 
another brother before starting west with 
a neighbor family for Missouri. The trip 
was made with ox teams, in the manner 
common in those days. Until 1853 Mr. 
Jones accepted employment in any line in 
which he could secure it and he so continued 
until the spring of that year when he was 
engaged to drive an ox team from St. Joseph 
to California. He crossed the Missouri river 
on this trip at Atchison, Kansas, April IS, 
1853, arriving at his destination in Cali- 
fornia on the 30th of October. Until the 
latter part of May two years later he worked 
in the mines in California. At that time, 
however, he came to Oregon and in the 
autumn of the same year enlisted for service 
in the Rogue River Indian war and served 
under Captain Buey, from Lane county. For 
this service he furnished his own horse, saddle 
and general outfit, but after three months 
was discharged. At present he is a pensioner 
of the government. After his discharge he 
returned to Lane county, and until 1870 he 
was engaged in farming and stock-raising. 
In that year he went to Lakeview, Lake 
county, and again engaged in the stock- 
raising business. The following year ho 
came to Umatilla county, locating at Bear 
Creek, where for four years he was actively 
engaged in the sheep-raising business. At 
the end of that time he came to Pendleton, 
and he has since made this town his home. 
He took up a homestead eight miles north 
of the town which for several years he 
farmed and devoted to sheep raising. At 
present he owns four hundred and eighty 
acres in South Cold Springs, where he 
erected the first good house and a part of 
the material used in its construction was 
hauled from Umatilla Landing. He operated 
this farm until six years ago after which he 
spent two vears in the Willamette valley, 
but for the "last few years ha3 continued Ins 
residence in Pendleton. 

In February, 1861, Mr. Jones was married 
to Sarah Ann Sears, whose birth occurred 
in Missouri on February 4, 1347. She is a 
daughter of J. C. and Jane (Carter) Sears, 
natives of Tennessee where they were mar- 
ried. The grandfather, John Sears, served in 
the Revolutionary war. The family movc<l 
to Missouri one year after their niarringo 
and to Oregon in 1852. They died in Uinc 
countv, the father passing away in 1^"" »* 
the a^e of eightv-six and the riinthcr in ias9 
in her sixtv-ninth year. To their union »ix 
sons and two daughters were liorn. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jones have become tlie parents ol nine 
children: Nancy Jane who is •I"','*''';. "' 
J. R. Porter, a ranchman of Ifmntilla 
countv; one who died in infancy. \V. P., 
who is living in Woodburn, Oregon; I^wi» 



Clarence, whose death occurred in 1888 when 
he was twenty years of age; Dai§y B«dl, who 
passed away in 1902 at the n^i- oi thirty- 
one years and whii was the wiiV of Krunk 
WoodrulT; James W., whose death w-curred 
in OohKield, Nevada, in 1900, wlu'n he w«» 
thirty-three years of age; Minnie L., who i« 
the wife of F. G. Stillwcll of Astoria; Olive 
t;., who is residing at home; and ('. M., who 
died in 190G at the age of twcnlyone. 

Mr. Jones is a stanch denioornt, llrnily be- 
lieving that the policies iiiciirjiDniteil in the 
platforms of that party will \n«Vf iinut con- 
ducive in establishing a giMxl ami thorough 
government. He has helil the |>0!titi<in o( 
school director for many ycar^*, nllliouKh he 
has never cared for public nflico and «in<-e 
1875, has been a member of the Inde|HMi.|rnt 
Order of Odd I-Vllowa. In hii jiolitiittl. (ra- 
ternal and social relations a* well at in lii» 
agricultural pursuits he sliowt the «ainr rr- 
gard for honesty, integrity, lililiiv .m.l <\»- 
opinion of his fcllowmen. ll. 
of the successful farnicrs of li 
at present enjoys the coinforti and lii\uii«» 
which have been made po.Hsiblo by thx re- 
muneration he received for his oorly l»l>or». 

FRANK A. TRIPP belongii to that cIom of 
young nun to whom Oregon is looking f^r 
iier future development and prosperity. He 
is well known in the business cir.-lc* of Ku- 
gene and in other parts of the ■^'•i- >- » 
member of the Devcreaux * Trii 
Conipanv. He was born near Itn 
New York, April 24, 1S79, and i« .i ■>•'» "( 
George H. and Naomi (Dunhiimi Ir.pp. 
Moreover, he is descended from " 
old New York families but hi» i 
the Empire state and renmv- ' • 
Minnesota in ISSO. lie sett I 
hundred miles north of M 
Crookston. twenty-live niilei .1 
nearest postollice. .\t the pi ' 
tion, however, he opened » I 
which he called Mentor, givin 
the tiny village which upron- uc in t''«i 
district. He was a fanner ami l'> hi« agri- 
cultural pursuits devolinl tli' ■ ' " " ''■' 
of his time and nttmlion. II '^ 

active and inlliicntial In <!'• 
the comnninity and ilid nil ' 
further general progn^-. H 
of the school district »' 
cation found in him n 
He was also for many v«'^f« 
board of supervisor* and In ' 
did much for iniprovrmrnl am |r..^:rr.. o. 
the county. . , i 

Frank A. Tripp w ' 
of Mentor and in 

Rapids. ^'■ '' 

aside hi-^ 

to liinil- 

obout sr 

nortlit'rn 

in Febni I''- *'' 

standi ^' ■' " »" 

nf tv ' ■ -■' - 

the 

Compony ond they hmrt •lnr» bwn *nrn«.,. 



116 



THE CENTBI^NIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



fully engaged in buying and selling standing 
timber, tlieir operations covering raucli of 
Oregon and northern California. They caiTy 
at least two hundred million feet of stand- 
ing timber all of the time. 

Frank A. Tripp was married on June 2". 
1911, to Miss Sadie Addison, a daughter of 
John Addison, of Eugene. They are well 
known socially and are prominent members 
of the Congregational church, in which Mr. 
Tripp is serving as secretary and treasurer. 
He takes most active and helpful part in 
various lines of church and Christian work 
and is now state treasurer of the Oregon 
Christian Endeavor Union. His religion is 
not a matter of Sunday observance but a 
factor of his life seven days in the week. 
He belongs to that class of young men wlin 
are alert and enterprising and wlio hold also 
to high ideals — the class of young men who 
are making Oregon one of the great states 
of the Union, building upon a safe foimda- 
tion of material, intellectual and moral prog- 
ress. 

JOHN G. RICHARDSON, who since 1S91 
ha.s been a resident of Umatilla county, was 
born in Knoxville, Marion county, Iowa. June 
1'3. 186.5. His parents were Nathan and 
Mary M. (Harsin) Richardson, the father a 
native of Tiffin, Seneca county, Ohio, and 
the mother of Florida, Nathan Richardson 
served in the Mexican war and after tlie 
close of the war came to Iowa, locating in 
Marion county, where he entered one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land near tlie Des 
Moines river. He there met and married 
Mary M. Ilarsin, who as a young girl had 
removed to that state with her parents. 
Mr. Ricliardson was a. carpenter and cabinet- 
maker by trade and followed this line of 
work in connection with farming. At the 
beginning of the Civil war he enlisted in 
the Fortieth Iowa Volunteer Infantry and 
was promoted from private to captiin. He 
served for three years. Both he and his 
wife passed away in Marion county. Iowa, 
the latter on .January 1.8, 1871, at the age 
of sixty years, and the former on August 
20, 1S78. at the age of eighty-four. In their 
family wen; eleven daughters and three sons, 
of whom the subject of this sketch was the 
yo\ingest. 

J. G. Richardson, being young when he 
lost his parents, resided with an older sister 
until he was able to start out in life on his 
own account. He received his education in 
the piihlic schools of Iowa and remained in 
tliat state until he reached manhood. He 
then went to Nebraska and later to Kansas, 
where he was employed on the range for 
three years. Afterward he was employed 
until 1801 in herding stock in New Mexico 
and Arizona, In that year he came to 
rm-itilla county. Oregon, and has been a 
resident of this county ever since. Here he 
home.-iteaded land and for three years be- 
fore he began working for himself he drove 
a bus in Pendleton, During this time he 
saved up one thousand dollars and then 
l\omHtea<ied some land in the South Cold 
Springs country of this county. He owned 



at one time over four sections of land, the 
last section of which he sold in 1911 for 
twenty-five thousand, six hundred dollars. 
He now lives in Pendleton and is engaged 
in the raising of horses. While connected 
witli farming interests he was engaged prin- 
cipally in wheat growing, having over six- 
teen hundred acres of land in wheat, and 
sold in one year over ten thousand sacks 
of Blue Stem wheat. In stock-raising he 
gave especial attention to cattle and horses 
and had at one time over sixty head of 
horses. 

In 1895 Mr. Richardson wedded Miss Anna 
B. Jackson, who was born in California in 
187.5, the daughter of Daniel and Mary M. 
.Tackson. Mr. and Mrs. Richardson have 
become the parents of two children: Pearl 
raulinc, who was born April 0, 1S90; and 
."Vltou Annison, born June 15, 190^!. Mr. 
liichardson is a republican in politics. He 
has been highly successful financially and 
Ills prosperity is due entirely to his own 
labors and keen business insight. He is 
well known and highh' honored throughout 
this community. 

MICHAEL J. CARNEY. The record of 
Jlicliael J. Carney is a splendid example of 
what is meant by the term "a self-made 
nuin," for from an early age he has been 
dependent upon his own resources for a live- 
lihood and by determined purpose and in- 
defatigable energy has worked his way up- 
ward until lie is now in very comfortable 
financial circumstances, being one of the pro- 
jirietors of a large livery business in Pendle- 
ton, ric was born in New Orleans. Louisiana, 
January 12. 1S54, a son of Francis S, and 
Margaret (McAdams) Carney, both of whom 
were natives of Ireland, whence they came 
to America with their respective parents in 
childhood days. Both families were estab- 
lished in the Crescent city, where Francis S. 
Carney and his wife remained until 1856, 
when they removed northward to Morgan 
county. Illinois. There the wife and mother 
died in 1867 and three years later tlie father 
established his home in Shelby, Illinois, where 
he remained from 1870 until 1882, The lat- 
ter year witnessed his arrival in Oregon, 
at wliicli time he settled in CTmatilla county, 
where for fourteen years he made his home, 
passing away in 1896. Uhto him and his 
wife were born five children, of whom three 
are yet living, Michael J,, Samuel J. and 
Edward F., all residents of Umatilla county. 

Michael J. Carney was but two years of 
age at the time of the removal of the family 
from his native city to Illinois, in which 
state his youth was largely passed. On at- 
taining his majority he left home and l^egan 
farming on his own account in Illinois, where 
he resided until 1880. Reports were being 
continually carried eastward concerning the 
opjiortunities and the natural resources of 
Oregon and he resolved to try his fortune in 
this state. Accordingly, he made his way to 
the Pacific northwest and chose Umatilla 
county as a place of settlement. For two 
years he worked as a common laborer and 
at the end of that time was married on the 




JOHN f!. RKHAni»S«»\ 






J 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OKEGON 



119 



11th of October, 1883, to Miss Fannie A. 
Comegys, who was born in Marion county, 
Oregon, and is a daughter of Abram and 
Emily J. (Nicholan) Comegys, who were early 
residents of this state. The father died in 
Marion county but the mother is still living 
at the age of seventy-three years and now 
makes her home with Mr. and Mrs. Carney. 
Following his marriage Mr. Carney pur- 
chased a tract of land and followed stock- 
raising and farming until IS',14, when he 
removed to Pendleton and accepted the posi- 
tion of deputy sherilV under Zoeth llouscr, 
with whom he remained for four years. 
He was also constable of his precinct for two 
years and later he ran a stage line between 
Pendleton and t'kiah. a distance of fifty- 
one miles. To that business he devoted four 
years and with the money he saved in that 
period he purchased an interest in a livery 
business in 1892. In this he is associated 
with G. W. Bradley and under the firm style 
of Carney & Bradley they are conducting a 
large business. They have a fine line of car- 
riages and other vehicles, keep on hand a 
large number of good horses and are niei'ting 
with success, owing to the good service which 
they render to the public. 

Unto Mr. and Airs. Carney have been born 
five children: Ross E., still a resident of 
Pendleton; Faye, the wife of Louis T..adow, of 
Stockton. California: and (leorge F., Zoeth 
and Emily C. all at home. Mr. Carney is 
well known in fraternal relations, holding 
membership with Pen<lleton Lodge, No. 32, 
I. 0. 0. F.. in which he has filled all of the 
chairs, and with the Woodmen of the World. 
His political allegiance is given to the re- 
publican jiarty and he is an earnest advocate 
of its principles, believing that its platform 
contains the best elements of good govern- 
ment. He has served as justice of the peace 
for two years and in 1S91 and 1S9.> was chief 
of police in Pendleton. In these positions, 
as in other ollices he has filled, he has proved 
most loyal to the trust and confidence reposed 
in him" discharging his <luties in a most 
capable and ellicient manner. Mis life ha.s 
been a busy and industrious one and he has 
well earned the success which has crowned 
his labors. 

ALFRED H. RUGG is a retired farmer 
living in Pendleton. He is now in Hie 
eighty-first year of his age and well earned 
rest is crowning a life of earnest and in- 
telligently directed toil. .Moreover, he de- 
serves mention in this volume liecftune of the 
fact that he is a veteran of the Civil war 
and has always been loyal in citizenship. He 
was born in Massachusetts, August S, H.TI, 
and is a son of David and Eunice (Clea.ion) 
Rugg, both of whom were natives of the Old 
Bay state. On leaving New England they 
removed westward to IllimiiH, ■.cltlinjt in .In 
Daviess county, where they resided until 
called to their" final rest. Into their mar- 
riage were horn eh'Ven children, of whom 
Alfred H. was the youngest anil is the only 
son now living, while but one ilaughter "ur 
vives. Tn taking up the personal history of 
Alfred II. Rugg' we present to the render* 



of this volume the record of one of Pendle- 
ton's venerable and estecmwl <-iti«fn«. He 
pursued his education in the ■. ' r hU 

father's home and continued '; par- 

ental roof until he attained In-, in.ij i li. . Mr 
was iiuirried in .Munsucliu-etti to MiM 
Diuntha II. Xitns, who died a i- " :..'.r .ml 
in 1857 he wedded Miss E-si 
who was Ixirn in the state of N 
is a daughter of IchalHHl and Sutnh i.\i>t«>(i 
llriggs, the former a native ol t'onne.iirul 
and the latter of the state of New York. 
For many years they were r<-!iidrnt« of Nrw 
York, where they reareil their family o( 
thirteen children, of whom «>ven ore y«l 
living. 

Following his marriage Al(rr<l H. KutTK 
removed westwaril to lllinoiii, wh«Tr he tr 
silled for a year and n half, anil then wrni tu 
Wisconsin, where he »|M'iit bImiuI ten ye«r» 
He next removed to Minnewita, - 
lived for three years, mid then • 
his home in Kansas, where the 
twelve years were passtnl. In \' 

rived in Oregon, settling in I '• 

and three years later he ts" 
of I'matilla county, where lie 
dred and sixty acre tract of railroad land, 
which he purchased and cultivated, devoting 
twelve years to the imiiroveinent of th«» 
farm. He brought his land under a hi«h 
state of cultivation and added niuii 
ei|uipments and accessories to th^ 
annually gathered large harv. ' 

ward of his labors and as tl 
by he acciimuhiled a nun: . 

pi'tency, which now enables him In li»e rr 

tired. " At length he left his farm and l—W 

up his abode in Pendleton, purehnsini; a lln.- 

residence at No. 190.1 Kn-I C.Mirt -trret. 

where he now lives enj-^ ■! ll>*t •»«• 

has truly earneil and n ••• 

As time lui- 

liave become • 

Frank, who \s,.^ 

and died .Septemb. 

wife of William I 

Emery A. and tieorge W., Ii* 

county; Clara, wlm vn I---' 

1 807. "and died in I ' 

living in Pendlelon 

August H, is; 

also of I'mnti 

wile of Carl ll'ini 

The parents are u 

Kpiscopn! ■'•'"• l- 

been in l> 

Kilgg hii 

his life I 

ISfil, hi 

Civil »»• 

I), Tweli- 

fniit' 
of I 
nlw ' 
whi 

It,, 



prcjcii' 



Mr l.ii.'i,- 



■.-[., 



120 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



old army comrades by his memberahip in 
Kit Carson Post, G. A. K., of I'cndleton, of 
wliich he serves as chaplain at this writing. 
An industrious life covering eighty-one years 
has brought him to success, and lie has ever 
endeavored to live peaceably with his fellow- 
men, to deal justly and accord to others 
their full rights, llis entire life has, indeed, 
been a commendable one, furnishing an ex- 
ample well worthy of emulation. 

JAMES JOHNS, a resident of Pendleton, 
was born in Cornwall, lOngland, and since 
coming to the United States lias gradually 
made his way westward until in I'JO") he 
arrived in the city which is now his place of 
residence. His natal day was July 10, 1859, 
and he is a representative of an old English 
family. The father, James Johns, was also 
born in Cornwall, in 1838, and on arriving at 
years of maturity there married Miss Belinda 
Orchard, also a native of that place, born 
in Xovember, 183,3. They began their domes- 
tic life in England but in 1860, concluding 
to come to the new world, they crossed the 
.•\tlantic to New York, whence they made 
their way to Benton, Wisconsin. The fatlier 
was a stone mason and plasterer and fol- 
lowed those pursuits in order to provide; for 
Ills family. He died January 1, 1003, when 
about sixty-four years of age. He had for 
a considerable [leriod survived his wife, who 
passed away at Benton, Wisconsin, May l."), 
1884. They were the parents of seven chil- 
dren, of whom live are living: James, of 
this review; .7ohn, a practicing physician lo- 
cated at Hettinger, North Dakota; A. R., a 
banker, of New Kockford, North Dakota; Ida, 
tlie wife of David Davis, of Cathay, North 
Dakota; and Columbus, who is living at Den- 
holT, North Dakota. 

James Johns was only a year old when 
brought by his parents to the United States 
and his boyhood and youth were passed in 
Itenton, Wisconsin, where he pursued a pub- 
lic-school education, lie afterward engaged 
in the grain and lumber business for a num- 
ber of years in Minnea|iolis, Minnesota, and 
then, gradually adviiiieiiig westward, spent 
two years in North Dakota, where he again 
conducted a grain and lumber enterprise. On 
arriving in Oregon he made his way to Port- 
land in 1904 and there resided until the fol- 
lowing year, when he came to Pendleton and 
bought out (he Harlmaii Abstract Company, 
of wliieh he has since been the president. He 
is doing a large business of that character, 
having a most complete set of abstract rec- 
ords. He is also interested in farm lands in 
Umatilla county, owning wheat lands and 
irrigated and range lands, his property inter- 
ests contributing in no small measure to his 
BUccess, 

On the 28th of August, 1888, Mr. Johns 
Was united in marriage to Miss Alice Sha- 
nnrd. who was born in Minnesota and was 
n daughter of Jacob and Mary Slmnard. 
Her frtlier was a lumberman and banker but 
is now deceased, Mr. and Mrs. Johns arc the 
piiri'iits of four children: James, who is a 
senior in the University of Oregon: Helen 
and Mary, who arc liig'h-sehool students in 



Pendleton; and Thomas. The family attend 
(he Episcopal church, of which th(; parents 
are members, and theirs is a hospitable home 
whose good cheer is greatly enjoyed by their 
many friends. 

Mr. Johns holds membership in the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and has attained high rank 
in the order, being now a Knight Templar 
and a noble of the Mystic Shrine. He also 
belongs to the order of Moose, llis political 
supjiort has always been given to tlu; demo- 
cratic part,y and while lu; has never sought 
or held political otiice, he served as president 
of the school board while residing in North 
Dakota. The cause of education has ever 
found in him a stalwart champion an<l he is 
giving to his children excellent o])portunitics 
ill that direction, thus qualifying them for 
the practical and responsible duties which 
come in later life. 

JOHN E. SMITH. A country can have 
but one ruler, be he president, czar or em- 
peror, the high positions in military life are 
comparatively few, but in business the field 
is limitless and the advancement of the in- 
dividual depends upon his utilization of his 
native talents and opportunities. Recogniz- 
ing the fact (hat not in environment but in 
industry and pcrseveranee are found the sec- 
cret of success, John 10. Smith has contin- 
uously worked his way upwai'd and is now 
president of the J. E. Smith Live Stock 
Company of Pendleton in which connection 
he is one of the largest land owners of Ore- 
gan and the leading sheep raiser of the state, 
a business which he has developed cntirel.y 
through his own labors and capability. He 
was born in Rutland county, Vermont, Nov- 
ember 38, 1834, a son of Stephen and Lucy 
(Powers) Smith, both of whom were natives 
of the Green Mountain state, where they 
were reared and spent their entire lives, the 
father following the occupation of farming 
in Rutland county. 

John E. Smith spent his .youthful days on 
his father's farm, dividing his time between 
the work of the school room, the pleasures 
of the play ground and (he labor of the 
fields. He continued at home until 1800 
when, thinking to find good business oppor- 
tunities upon the Pacific coast, he made the 
journey by water to California where he 
spent the following winter. In the spring of 
18()1 he proceeded to the mining district of 
Virginia City, Nevada, and engaged in tlie 
grocery business there. As his financial re- 
sources increased he invested his surplus 
capital in the mines. He spent about five 
years in that place and thence went to Mon- 
tana, engaging in mining in Alder Gulch, 
Later he was identified wi(h mining inter- 
ests in Idaho, working in (he Salmon river 
mines. Again, however, he turned to the 
grocery trade and followed the construction 
work of the Union Pacific and the Central 
Pacific railroads to their junction at Pro- 
montory Point. In the spring of 1873 he ar- 
rived in Pendleton and in (he intervening 
years to be present has been pominentl,v 
connected with agrieuHural pursuits and 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ll'l 



stock-raising in Umatilla county and eastern 
Oregon. 

On the 1st of July. 1873, only a few 
months after his arrival in Pendloton, Mr. 
Smith was inarrioj to -Miss Emnia Fenton, a 
daughter of David L. Fenton who came to 
this state from Illinois in the 'SOs. Win 
daughter, Mrs. Smith, had previou.sly crossed 
the plains in 1S72 with an uncle After their 
marriage Mr. and Mrs. Smith resided In 
Pendleton for about a year and in 1S74 ho 
turned his attention to the sheep business, 
settling on a ranch about six miles south- 
east of Pilot Rock. For three years tliere- 
after, while establishing himself in the sheep 
industry, Mr. Smith operated a sawmill for 
the government on the Umatilla river, saw- 
ing lumber for the Indian reservation, but 
the mills were destroyed by lire during the 
winter of 187S-9 and from that limi> forward 
Sir. Smith gave his entire attention to the 
sheep industry. As the years have passed he 
has become one of the largest sheep growers 
in the slate, running as high as forty-two 
thousand head of sheep and keeping on an 
average, year after year, about twenty-five 
thousand "head. In "l900 the .1. K. Smith 
Live Stock Company was organized, his two 
partners being his sons. Burton D. and Al- 
fred J. The father is president of the com- 
pany with Burton D. Smith as secretary and 
Alfred J. as the treasurer. The company 
owns forty-three thousand acres of land, 
most of which lies in Umatilla county, al- 
though a small part is situated in Union 
county. The business is, indeed, a moat ex- 
tensive one and constitutes not only a source 
of gratifying revenues to the owners, but is 
also an element in business activity and pros- 
perity in Umatilla county. 

Burton D. Smith, the elder son, married 
Miss Anna Byrd, who died leaving three 
children, Francis G., Velma I. and Kloyd E. 
The younger son, Alfred •!. Smith, married 
T.illie B. Pearsol. The only daughter of the 
fiimily is Katherine May, the wile of W. P. 
Folsom. In 1900 the imrents, Mr. and -Mrs. 
John E. Smith, established their home in 
Pendleton where they have resided ever 
since, and theirs is one of the beautiful and 
hospitable homes of the city, its good cheer 
being greatly enjoyed by their many friend'. 
Mrs. Smith is a member of the Fpi<e<ipal 
church. Mr. Smith is a supporter of the re- 
publican party and prouilly cast his first 
presidential vote for John C. Fremont on the 
organization of the party. Fie scr\cd for 
one term as representative from his flistricl 
in the state legislature, having Iwen elected 
in the fall of ISOS when absent from the 
city, as he also was when nominiited. Thi« 
fact certainly indicates his [xrsonnl (lopti 
laritv and tlie confidence and trust rep.i«eil 
in hi"m. He is not alliliated with any bxlife, 
but iKith of his sons are memberi of the In- 
dependent Order of Odrl Fellows^ and the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elk«. Mr. 
Smith stands as one of the foreimmt busi- 
ness men and citizens of this state. Hi« In 
terests have assumed mammoth proportions 
and the magnitude of his business han re- 
sulted directly from his energy, close appli- 



cation and Sound a> 



ment. 

bu.;- 



Me 



CTn-'VS M;. 



cm if.i .M.ii. 
deed, he is 
honor and 
serve as a so 
couragenu'nt tn 



iithi 



t of hu 
f m«ti« 
imr to- 
la 

f inspiration ami vn- 



JAMES YORK. Among the better kno 
and most substnntiul 
is James York, now 
been an e\' 
in BakiT < 
in l.oiiisian < 
of lames ai 
natives of Ir. 
quite young. kU>' 

■lames York r. 
cation but left honi.- .it t: 
years, when he Ix'^'uii wm 
Missouri, the family hitvir 
state. lie continued in 

until he attained the nt; 

ami in 1S6I enlLsta'd in the V 

.Militia. lie r.-m 1,11. I IV III. n, 

three montli 
Iowa, but r. 

he returned to ,>clmyliT 
where he again enliste.l m 
being at the close of i 
pany was not called ir 
ing pfwsesseil of 
traded by the I 

of the Pocilic . 

with a mule team In 
county, Oregon, in th- 
On arriving here he 
claim and engaged 
stoek-rai.sing, n business which 
followed. He now owns a t! 
an ' 
U 

tioi. " 

Mr. York s 

His llr-.f 11 « 

he We! 'f 

David I n 



took up ■ 
In active 



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122 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



one of the most substantial and prosperous 
business men of the community. Starting 
out as he did in the business world at so 
young an age. he has demonstrated by his in- 
creasing prosperity that he is possessed of 
more than ordinary business acumen. At an 
early age he developed those commendable 
traits of industry, and economy which dis- 
tinguish all self-made business men, con- 
spicuously among which class Mr, York may 
be mentioned. He is aftable in his social 
relations and all his business transactions 
have been marked by sterling integrity. The 
family is respected in all circles in Baker 
City, among whose citizens is none more 
successful nor esteemed than Mr, York. 

THOMAS CAMPBELL, Thirty years have 
passed since Thomas Campbell came to Uma- 
tilla county. He is now living retired at 
the venerable age of eighty-one years but 
that his life has been an active one is proven 
in his extensive landed possessions, aggregat- 
ing eighteen hundred and eighty acres in one 
body. He is one of the worthy citizens which 
the Emerald isle has furnished to the north- 
west, his birth having occurred in Ireland, 
October 17, 1831, His parents were William 
and Ann (Hemphill) Campbell, the former a 
native of Scotland and the latter of Ireland. 
The father, however, removed from the land 
of hills and heather to the land of the sham- 
rock and his last da.vs were spent on the 
green isle of Erin, after which the mother 
came with her family to America. She lo- 
cated in New Y'ork city but afterward re- 
moved to Kentuckj' and subsequently be- 
came a resident of Macoupin county, Illinois, 
where she passed away in 1860, 

Thomas Campbell was the eldest in a fam- 
ily of nine children, of whom four are still 
living. He remained with his mother until 
her death and engaged in the cultivation of 
the home farm. He was a lad of eighteen 
.sumnmrs when brought to the new world 
and soon relieved his mother of the difficul- 
ties and labors incident to the management 
of the farm and early acquired the business 
training w.liich qualified him to win success 
for himself in later life. He continued a 
resideril uf Illinois luitil 1SS2, when he severed 
Ills ciinncction with agricultural interests 
there and came to Oregon, settling in Uma- 
tilla county. Here he took up a ranch and 
for sixteen years resided thereon, transform- 
ing the land into rich and productive fields. 
In isns, however, he left the farm and re- 
tired to private life, his success making this 
course possible. lie has since lived in Pen- 
dleton, occupying one of tlie fine residences 
of the city. In addition to this property he 
is still the owner of eighteen hundred "and 
eighty acres of land, all in one body, and de- 
rives therefrom a substantial income, 
_ In 1877 Mr, Campl)ell was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Oalena H, Moule, who was born 
in the state of New Y'ork. Tliey have be- 
come parents of six children: T. A, and 
William S„ who are residents of Umatilla 
county, and are operating their father's 
ranch; Calena, the wife of Frank B, Haves, 
of the same county; Marv E., the wife" of 



Richard Mayberry, of Pendleton; and Gert- 
rude and Katherine, both at home. There 
are also three grandchildren, Maud, Clarence 
and Galena, In 1900 Mr. Campbell was called 
upon to mourn the loss of his wife, whose 
death was also deeply regretted by the many 
friends whom she had won in Oregon. 

Mr. Campbell has voted with the demo- 
cratic party since age conferred upon him 
the right of franchise. He has held a few 
minor offices, serving as school clerk for eight 
years in Oregon, while in Illinois he filled the 
office of county commissioner for a number 
of years. He belongs to the Presbyterian 
church and throughout his life has endeavored 
to live in harmony with its teachings and 
principles. Mr. Campbell may well be num- 
liered among the self-made men. He had no 
advantages in early life save that he was 
accorded a liberal education. Upon that foun- 
dation he has builded his success and his in- 
dustry and energy have carried him into im- 
portant connections with the business inter- 
ests of Umatilla count.y. His judgment is 
sound, his discrimination keen and his ju- 
dicious investments have made him one of 
the large landow^iers of his part of the state. 
He is now reaping the benefits of earnest and 
indefatigable labor and his many friends re- 
gard it most fitting that in the evening of 
life he should have this hour and opportunity 
for rest, 

STEPHEN DAVID JONES is the owner 
and proprietor of the Hotel Richland, which 
enjoys the reputation of being in every par- 
ticular up-to-date in all its appointments 
and its management, Mr, Jones is also the 
owner of other valuable real estate in and 
near the town of Richland. He was born 
in Boone county, Arkansas, on the 14th of 
September, 1862, his parents being Stephen 
and Jane Jones, who were natives of Ken- 
tucky and Arkansas respectively. In 1877 
they emigrated to Boise, Idaho, crossing the 
])lains with ox teams, Stephen Jones and 
ills wife are now deceased, both having passed 
away at Weiser, Idaho, Unto them were 
born seven children, five of whom are still 
living, 

S, D. Jones remained with his parents until 
twenty-one years of age, at which time he 
engaged in stock-raising in Idaho and con- 
tinued in this business for five consecutive 
years, when he engaged in farming in Idaho 
and later purchased a ranch in Baker county, 
Oregon, which after some time he exchanged 
for the hotel in Richland which he is now 
operating. This hostelry contains twenty- 
six rooms. In addition to his hotel interests 
he is also the owner of other real-estate prop- 
erty within the city limits. 

Mr, Jones has been twice married, his 
first wife being Miss Bertha Cochran, by 
whom he had one son, Walter B,, who is 
still at home. The mother met an accidental 
death in California in 1889, In that year 
Mr. .Tones was again married, his second 
union being with Miss Laura A, Gray, a na- 
tive of Boise, Idaho, and a daughter of 
James P, and Clara E, Gray, who are resi- 
dents of Weiser, Idaho, Mrs, Jones was one ' 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 




THOMAS CAMPBELL 




MRS. THOMAS CAMIMiKI.!, 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



12 



of a family of clevun chilJien and by htr 
marriage has become the mother of four 
children, as follows: Clara E., who was 
born September 13, 1S92, and died on the 2d 
of March, 1S94; ilaud E.; ^lyrtle V.; and 
Anna L. 

Mr. Jones is one of the well known men 
of Baker county, of which he has been a 
resident for many years, being connected 
with the varied public interests which have 
contributed to the development and progress 
of this portion of the state of Oregon. In 
politics he is affiliated with the democratic 
party and has served as deputy sheritV of 
Washington county, Idaho. His Iraternal af- 
filiations are conhned to his membership in 
Baker Lodge, Xo. 4y5, of the Loyal Order 
of iloose. At present he is giving his en- 
tire attention to the Hotel Kichland, ol which 
he is the owner and proprietor. He takes 
a pardonable pride in maintaining this hos- 
telry as the largest and best etjuipped and 
managed hotel in his section of Baker county. 

WILLIAM H. JONES, who resides on his 
farm of twelve hundred acres, which is sit- 
uated three miles northwest of Pendleton, 
was born in Wapello couuty, Iowa, December 
15, 1S4S. He is the son of Nathaniel U. and 
Anna Jones, both of whom were natives of 
Tennessee but removed at an early date to 
Iowa and later went to Dallas county, -Mis- 
souri, where they both died. In their family 
were nine children, four of whom yet survive. 

William H. Jones was reared under the 
parental roof and received a common-school 
education. Starting out in life for liimselt 
he engaged in various occupations for six 
or seven years, subsequent to which he en- 
gaged in "the hardware business and con- 
tinued in the same for three years. In 1S71 
he came to Oregon, locating in Umatilla 
county. For two years he clerked in a gen- 
eral store at Weston and afterward for eight 
years followed the occupation of farming in 
this county. He was foreman of the lieese, 
Jones &. Sturgiss ranch and also took up 
government land, comprising homestead and 
timber claims and railroad land, which he 
developed in connection with the overseer 
of the ranch. Afterward he engaged in the 
hardware and implement business in Pendle- 
ton, under the firm name of Taylor, Jones 
& Company, and continued in that connec- 
tion until 1894, when the partnership was 
dissolved and Mr. Jones took the implement 
stock and conducted business for ten yi'ars. 
Subsequently he moved to .Seattle and resided 
there for three years, at the close of which 
time he came to his present farm where he 
engages in wheat raising. He still owns the 
building where he formerly was in business 
and a fine residence in Pendleton. 

In 1S87 Mr. Jones wedded -Mrs. Molllo 
(Bailey) White, a daughter of Judife Hailoy. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Jones have been born three 
children: Robert L.. who operates the farm 
with his father and Pauline and Minnie Ik-llo. 
both of whom are graduates of the high 
school at Seattle, Washington, and are now- 
attending the State University in .Seattle. 
In politics Mr. Jones is a democrat and he 
Vol. n— 6 



takes an active interest in local party work 
and has served as water commi.ulunrr of 
Pendleton. Fraternally he is iJeiitlticd with 
the Masonic order and has taken alt the de- 
grees up to the Knights Templar, betide 
having tilled some ol tile chairs in the local 
lodge. He is alliliatcd with the Presbyterian 
church and his life is guided by it.i t<uch- 
ings. In all his business interests he 1.1 en- 
terprising and persevering and it now one 
of the substantial residents ol bis community. 

JOSEPH VEY. Illustrious are the name* 
of those sons of Portugal who set forth to 
sail the seas in medieval days in que.tt o( 
rich lands to be discovered and new avrnuea 
of commerce to be opened up, and the trail* 
blazed by such intrepid, resourceful navi- 
gators ami colonizers as a Vasco da liania, 
a Bartholomeu Dias, were soon followed by 
her men of commerce who set out and i»'opleJ 
the world from the Fast Indies tu the IlraiiU 
and thence circling the glol>e. The PortugueiM> 
of our days, withal, brought with them the 
characteristics of their forbears to new 
shorcji and, although most of her people found 
new homes in southern lands, where condi- 
tions Were more analogous to the mother 
country, they also made their way to this 
great republic and here found homes, opjior- 
tunities and success. They contributed in 
no small degree toward the develnpment o( 
this country and gained for themselves, wher- 
ever settled, the resjH'Ct of their fellow men 
and positions of prominence. Of these i« 
Joseph \ ey. 

Joseph Vey was born in Portugal on fX-to- 
ber :',, 1S42." The father died when the »on 
Joseph was only eighteen months of age. and 
his mother pa.ssed away in Portugal. Thcr 
were the parents of four children: Manuel, 
who resides in Portugal; John, who w!»« killed 
in Oregon by the Indians in is:- rd- 

ing sheep; .loseph. who is the - 'liU 

review; and ^lrs. Mary 1' bo, 

I'matilla county. Mrs. \ ■ »r- 

ried. and to lier second ... Jdp 

.\ntone. was born, who after »■■ ' bta 

country assumed the name ol ; to 

now a resident of IVndleton. 

Joseph Vey remained in hi» natW"- mnn- 
try until he'wa» twenty four ■ 
During that time h>' nrt^inrrd » 
as the common '"'' 

and accepted em • o' 

work. In isfic. — » 

York, arriving : •" 

the baggnk''' ''■■ ''•>■ 

iiig in w li '" ">* 

?:nglish hit • "^Pl 

employini'iit nl 1 1"- ' I »t 

the lowest wages. H 'f™ 

In New York for t" •'* 

dollars for this s- '''T 

work''d for lit m'" '••' 

for hix b"nril All 

Mtnnll ■ '■• r,. if ; I! 

romi" '*'» 

the h. . 1 on 

the farm. .\ eliaiiij.' in hi* f«rtum« rame 
when his elder brother John who had pre 
ceded him to Umalllla county and had made 



128 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



several thousand dollars in mining returned 
to New York and prevailed upon his brother 
Joseph to go with him into California. Ac- 
cordingly they set out for that state, and in ' 
1869 removed to Oregon where Joseph Vey 
found employment in the gold mines. He 
worked there one summer but did not receive 
adequate financial returns for the labor he 
was expending and consequently went to But- 
ter Creek where he worked for twenty-six 
dollars a month. After being employed there 
for three years he sought another place on a 
ranch at Butter Creek receiving thirty dollars 
a month. Having by thrift and careful sav- 
ing acquired a small sum of money his desire 
for independence asserted itself and he started 
out on his first venture by purchasing a few 
head of cattle on shares. Disposing of the 
cattle in a short time he bought a herd of 
sheep, and has since been engaged in the 
sheep business. He is at present one of the 
largest raisers of sheep in the county, having 
at one time had as many as seventeen thou- 
sand head of sheep. At the present time he 
owns about ten thousand head. He owns 
fifty thousand acres of land, all of which is 
well adapted for grazing purposes, twenty- 
six thousand acres being land between But- 
ter Creek and Echo. For the past five years 
Mr. Vey has resided in Pendleton to give his 
children the benefit of the educational op- 
portunities of that town. He has been a resi- 
dent of this county and in the sheep busi- 
ness since his brother's death in 187S, and 
during that time has firmly established him- 
self in the annals of that industry of Umatilla 
county. Although his first few years in this 
country were only remarkable for the hard- 
ships they brought him they showed clearer 
than anything else his tenacity of purpose 
and unconquerable will power to persist and 
work on, where many a fainter hearted man 
would give up and succumb. 

On the 1st of June, 1885, Mr. Vey was mar- 
ried in California to Miss Rita Sib a, whose 
birth occurred in Portugal on the 28th of 
February, 1862. They had been neighbors 
in their native country, and her marriage 
occurred one year after her arrival in the 
United States, whence she had come with her 
sisters. To Mr. and Mrs. Vey five children 
have been born: Rose, who "is the wife of 
Joseph Monese of Pendleton, and the mother 
of one child; Mary, who married William 
1^'dro, also of Pendleton, and who has three 
children; Catherine, who died when thirteen 
years of age; and Elizabeth and Rita. The 
family are faithful communicants of the 
Roman Catholic cluirch. 

DAVID CLARK, one of the pioneers of 
Baker county, is now residing on his ranch 
at Richland, Oregon. He wasborn in Logan 
county, HIinois, on the 10th of February, 
1839, his parents being .Tohn and Permelia 
Clark, both of whom were natives of the 
state of New York. At a very earlv date 
they emigrated to Logan county, fllinoia, 
where they spent the remaining" years of 
their lives. Unto them were born liine chil- 
dren, two of whom are still living, namely: 



David, of this review; and Charles H., a resi- 
dent of Illinois. 

David Clark was educated in the common 
schools of the district in which his parents 
lived and at the age of fifteen years started 
out in the world for himself, being for a 
number of.j'ears engaged as a farm hand in 
the country adjacent to his fathers' home. 
In 1859 he emigrated to Oregon, crossing 
the plains with an ox team and settling at 
Portland. Here he remained for two years, 
at the end of which time he moved to eastern 
Oregon. In 1884 he settled in Eagle valley, 
where he purchased a ranch which he has 
developed and upon which he has since con- 
tinued to live. 

In 1867 Mr. Clark was married to Miss 
Martha Koger, a native of Des Moines, Iowa. 
In 1853, when but two years of age, she was 
brought by her parents to this state. Their 
team was one of a train of emigrants and 
they had the misfortune and trying experi- 
ence of being lost for three weeks in the 
Blue mountains. Finally, after much dis- 
comfort and anxiety, this westbound train 
of pioneer emigrants found the right road 
and, following its direction westward, eventu- 
ally reached their destination. Tlie Koger 
family established their home in Linn coun- 
ty, Oregon. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Clark have been born 
eight children, three of whom are living, as 
follows: Judge Arthur F. Clark, of Rich- 
land, Oregon; William T., of Baker county; 
and Mary E., the wife of Gus Hill. The 
mother of these children is a devoted and 
consistent member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. Mr. Clark's long years of ear- 
nest, unceasing toil have brought him suc- 
cess manifold and his beautiful home at 
Richland stands as a monument to his fru- 
gality and industry. The richest compensa- 
tion in life, however, he finds in the affection 
of his family. 

•WILLIAM E. BAIRD, one of the highly 
successful young business men of Oregon, is 
engaged in the furniture business at Rich- 
land. His birth occurred in Nashville, Tennes- 
see, on the 30th of May, 1870, his parents 
being J. P. and Harriett P. (King) Baird, 
who are natives of Georgia and Virginia 
respectively. They moved to Oregon in Au- 
gust, 1881, stopping at Baker City. Here 
they remained only for a short time, when 
they removed to Grandronde and engaged in 
farming, remaining at this place for a period 
of five years. On the expiration of that 
period J. P. Baird went to Grant county, this 
state, and engaged in the raising of stock. 
In this line of industry he continued for six 
years, after which he sold out his stock and 
ranch and moved to Pendleton. Umatilla 
county. In that county he started in the 
nursery business, which he continued to de- 
velop for a period of four years. He after- 
ward sold his interest in the nursery and 
moved to Baker City, where he conducted 
the Crabil hotel for two years. At the end 
of that time he moved to Sumpter, Oregon, 
at which place he now makes his residence, 
being engaged in the grocery and furniture 



THE CENTENXTAT- HISTORY OF ORKCON 



I -'9 



business. Unto liim and his wife were born 
ten children, seven of wliom are still living. 

William E. Baird was educated in the pub- 
lic schools and remained with his parents 
until attaining his majority. He then moved 
to Grant county, where he engaged in stock- 
raising and continued in this business for 
fifteen consecutive years. During this time 
he had purchased twelve hundred acres of 
land, which he owned in addition to live 
stock and valuable farming ei|iiipment. In 
1911 he sold his land and chattels and moved 
to Richland. Baker county, where he is now 
engaged in the furniture business, owning 
also a half interest in a furniture store and 
a hotel at Tlalfway, Oregon. 

In 1901 Mr. Baird was marrie<l to Miss 
May Smith, of Sumpter, by whom he has 
two sons, Vero and Rodney. In piditics Mr. 
Baird is a socialist. Both he and his wife 
are members of the ^lethodist Episcopal 
church. Mr. Baird has been unusually suc- 
cessful in all his b\isiness ventures. This is 
largely due to his well established reputation 
for strict integrity in all matters of busi- 
ness and to his faithful and iinremitting at- 
tention to all the det.iils of his affairs. He 
is a man of good judgment, with a sutlicient 
amount of personal pluck to trust himself 
in the investment of new and varied busi- 
ness enterprises. He bears a good name in 
his community among his fellows and is in 
the enjoyment of a competency as a well 
merited reward for his faithful attention to 
his business interests. 

SAMUEL F. COVER, who died September 
6, 1911, at his home at Richland, was one 
of the enterprising and successful ranchmen 
in Baker county. His birth occurred in Ken- 
tucky on the i4th of March. IS.'.O. his par- 
ents being David and Jane (Shadowenl 
Cover, who spent their entire lives in the 
Blue Grass state. Unto them were bom 
six children, five of whom are still living. 

Samuel F. Gover remained at home with 
his parents until nineteen years of age. 
Then, starting out in the world for himself, 
he went first to Missouri, where he remained 
but a .short time. The tide of emiifrntinn 
was moving westward and many families 
could be counted on the roads, emigrating 
from the eastern and central states into 
the far west. Mr. Gover was seized with 
the spirit of adventure and accordingly 
crossed with ox teams to Baker county, Ore- 
gon, locating in the Powder valley. At the 
end of one year, however, he removed fo 
Eagle valley, where he purchased laml and 
engaged in farming and stock raising. In 
the year 1890 he returned to Kentucky and 
was united in marriage to Miss Mattie Gun- 
diff. Immediately after his marriage he 
moved to Nebraska, in which state he con- 
tinued to live for a period of three yenm 
and he then returned to Baker connty. Ore- 
gon, where he purchased additional land, 
which he continued to develop until the time 
of his death. He was identified with the 
business interests of Richland, being a stock- 
holder in the Bank of Richland, at whirh 
place he owned a fine residence in addition 



to his large and well ordered rmoeh of ttrm 
hundred acres of land, which he operated a* 
a farm and stock ranch comlnn.'d. II.- gave 
his political allegiance t.. f. '. ■. . . ..t,.y_ 
while his religious faith by 

his membership in the M i«| 

church. Fraternally lie wim id<iitiii.-.l wilk 
the Benevolent Protective Ord.-r of Klk». 

I'nto Mr. and Mni. Gover werx- born thraa 
children: Walter C, Vina K. anil Woo.li.. K., 
all residing at home w '' ' '.-r. 

Mrs. Mattie Gover was a irr 

and Vina Cundifl, who wcr ..-, ... ...n 

tucky and spent their entire liven in that 
state. They were the parenl* of m-vrn chil- 
dren, three of whom yet survive. 

In the death of Samuel K. fiorer. Baker 
county lost one of it.s mont enterpri<iin(, 
highly acceptable and useful men. lie i> aut' 
vived by his widow and tlr 'tn. 

<!over resides at the old ' ia 

engaged in the managemiiil ^.i... ■.>,■ ■■, th« 
estate. 

WILLIAM H. LEASY, tli.. popular and 
reliiiide postin:istrr "f K'ului;;, Maker 
county, Oregon, was one of the early iM>tllcr» 
in the Ixiwer Powder valley, wlu-re he and 
his wife are now the fortunate ..wmr* of 
three hundred and twenty ni-re« of rxirllrnt 
farm and ranch Inn.I. He wan liorn in '"an- 
ton. Ohio, on the 22d of .lune. IsM hi< par- 
ents being Henry W. ami Kmily ( \li«ir« 
house) 1,1'asy. the former a luilm' •<< Ger- 
many anri the latter of Englnn.! 'I'.\ «er» 
brought to .\mericn by their r. »r- 

ents in early life, lM>th the i iid 

maternal grandparentu of mir t- 

lling In Ohio. After remaining ' n« 

in the Buckeye state Henry \S i-. •■ re- 
moved to Illinois and Inter ti' I^wa. In I"*! 

he emigrateil to ' '' ' ' ■■ ■'•'»»• 

with ox teams > Ut 

Ronde valley, \. r«| 

homestead to he located n ■» Ha 

continued to develop this i - n pe- 

riod of twenty years, until '•- 

po3e<l of It and moved t ». 

where his deml«.- '• 

passed away at ■ m 

1908. They wer. .1- 

dren, four of wl 

William H. I in M» 

father's home ni «'• 

education. lb- ' '■•I 

roof until 1 ■?*. 

at whicli fi" ■'»• 

self, er In 

IH87 Ii ». 

where iw ■ '''I 

form of tl •'•• 

),,, I, ■ -le. 

■•■•■ 

p.. 'o 

the rare an p- 

ment nnti *■ in- 

t-r aUu il'ti Ii--l!iy !.j 'Jlf I'Hi.-* nt 

' 1 .1 ..^..-1 .^ tl v,-W 

In ^» 

to Mi« »• 

•even • '■ - "' 

A. R. Burford. of Ihikar raaBly: Howlawl 



up- 
F. 



130 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



M.; Joseph; Rockford; Cliarles; Junia; and 
Alvoy. The last six named are at home with 
their parents. Politically Mr. Leasy is 
identified with the democratic party and has 
served as road superintendent and school 
clerk for fifteen successive years. He is one 
of the most successful farmers and ranch- 
men in this part of the state and has given 
his attention largely to the improvement of 
his real-estate holdings and the enlargement 
of his stock interests. He is highly es- 
teemed among his neighbors throughout the 
valley, and in matters relating to the im- 
provement of the county and community in 
which he lives he can always be relied upon 
to contribute his personal attention and 
influence. 

CAPTAIN MELLIE ALBERTUS HACK- 
ETT, as president of the Columbia Digger 
Company, has become so well known in Port- 
land and the northwest that he needs no 
introduction to the readers of this volume. 
His life, especially in more recent years, has 
been devoted to tlie utilization of the natural 
resources of the state and his efforts have 
been of incalculable benefit to the section 
at large. 

It was on the 20th of April, 1857, near 
Lawrence. Kansas, that Captain M. A. Hack- 
ett was born and spent his youthful days 
in the home of his parents, Nathan and 
Lavina (Thurston) Hackett. He was only 
four years of age when the family removed 
from Kansas to Colorado and was a youth of 
twelve years when they started across the 
plains by wagon train to California, where 
the father engaged in farming until 1872. 
That year witnessed his arrival in Oregon. 

Captain Hackett accompanied his parents 
on their removal to this state and has largely 
made his home here from the age of fifteen 
years. He was first employed in a salmon 
cannery until nineteen years of .age, during 
which time he familiarized himself with 
various departments of the business until 
he was able to take charge of a cannery that 
he built for the firm of Hepburn & -Jackson, 
on Woody Island. He afterw.ird took charge 
of a cannery for John Kiernan and Everd- 
ing & Farrel, at Pillar Rock, Washington, 
and continued in close connection with the 
salmon canning industry until ISSl, when he 
came to Portland. Here he built the first 
ferry that operated on what is now known 
as the Albina ferry route, continuing in 
charge for some time. He was also interested 
in the Jefferson ferry, which he operated for 
fifteen years, and likewise owned and ran the 
Relwood ferry. lie was connected with this 
business until the Madison bridge was made 
a free hii;hway and the support of the ferries 
naturally fell off. He then took the machin- 
ery of the .Tefferson street ferry, using it 
in the linilding of the steamer TTattie Belle, 
which ran on the Columbia river in the service 
of 'lie government. Later he sold that ves- 
sel and conimaniled the steamer H. C. Gradv, 
running between Portland and Astoria for a 
year. 

On (he 24th of March. 1800, Captain Hack- 
ett organized a company under the name of 



the Columbia Digger Company, and they en- 
gaged in diking tide lands in the vicinity 
of Astoria for a year. This was the first 
undertaking in the state of Oregon where the 
work was done b}' machinery. The purpose 
was to reclaim the lowlands and also to dig 
canals for the government. Still operating 
under the name of Columbia Digger Company, 
Captain Hackett opened a sand and gravel 
business at the foot of Ankeny street in 
April, 1903. Since establishing the enter- 
prise over one hundred and fifty thousand dol- 
lars have been spent in improvements for 
the business in docks, dredges, etc., and the 
company has today one of the best equipped 
plants for the conduct of the sand and gravel 
b\isiness in Portland. The oflneers of the 
company are: M. A. Hackett, president; Earl 
Hackett, secretary; and V. D. Hackett, a 
director. The enterprise was incorporated on 
the 34th of March, 1889, and the undertaking 
is now one of the most extensive and im- 
portant of this character conducted in the 
northwest. 

In August, 1879, Captain Hackett was mar- 
ried to Miss Emma Jeannette Crapper, a na- 
tive of Iowa, and a daughter of Dorsey S. 
Crapper, who at the time of his daughter's 
marriage was living in Portland. Four chil- 
dren have blessed this union: Captain Earl 
A., Vernon D., Hattie Belle, and Margaret. 
The two sons are associated with their father 
in business and the elder is a member of the 
Commercial Club of Portland. Captain Hack- 
ett belongs to the local camp of the Wood- 
men of the World. His extensive business 
interests have made him well known in this 
part of the country and liis efforts have been 
a factor of large value in the development 
of the northwest in recent years. In estab- 
lishing and commanding this undertaking he 
has displayed Iccen interest and a marvelous 
recognition of opportunities. 

J. B. MUMFORD, wTio is now living retired 
in Pendleton, has been one of the successful 
agriculturists of Umatilla county. His birth 
occurred in Starrucca, Wayne county, Penn- 
sylvania, February 28, 1843, his parents being 
John W. and Eveline (Spoor) Mumford. The 
father was a native of New York state and 
the mother's birth occurred in Vermont. The 
Mumford family is of English lineage and 
i\\e Spoors are of German descent. They 
removed to Illinois in 1855 and after residing 
there for two years settled in Wisconsin 
where their deaths occurred, he passing away 
when he was fifty-eight years of age and her 
death occurring eight years later. In Penn- 
sylvania he had engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness and also followed agricultural pursuits 
for a considerable portion of his life. To 
their union five sons and seven daughters 
were born, four of whom now survive. 

Until he was nineteen years of age J. B. 
Mumford remained under the parental roof 
attending school and assisting his father in 
the various occupations in which he was en- 
gaged. On the 28th of August, 1862. when 
President Lincoln was issuing a call for 
troops, Mr. Mumford enlisted from Wauzeka, 
Wisconsin.- in Company A, Twentieth Wis- 




M. A. H ACKEl 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



133 



consin Volunteers. For twenty-one months 
he served in this regiment, at the end of 
which time he was discharged for disability. 
He was mustered out of service April 18, 
1864, but on the 27th of August the same 
year he reenlisted in Company D, Forty- 
second Wisconsin Volunteers. He served 
until June 28. 1865, and before his discharge 
had been promoted to the rank of second 
sergeant. Immediately after his return from 
war service be was married and took up agri- 
cultural pursuits in Wisconsin. He was thus 
engaged for five years before removing to 
Lincoln, Nebraska, 'where he lived for thirteen 
years. In 1883 he came to Pendleton and 
located upon a farm seven miles north of the 
town. During the years in which he was 
engaged in cultivating his property in Ore- 
gon he employed to advantage the various 
experiences iii agricultural lines he had 
gathered in other states and so successful 
and highly profitable did his farming prove 
that he co'uld retire from active duties twelve 
years ago and has since been living in Pendle- 
ton, enjoying the comforts and luxuries which 
were denied him in earlier life. He has a 
commodious residence in Pendleton and a 
beautiful summer home in Long Beach. Wash- 
ington. At present he owns five and one 
quarter sections of land, six hundre<l and 
forty acres of which is situated thirteen 
miles from the city, one quarter section tim- 
ber land iii'ar ileiuham and three residence 
properties in Pendleton. 

On the 4th of July, 1865, Mr. ilumford 
married Jliss Elizabeth A. Zerba. whose bi^rth 
occurred in Michigan. September 13. 1S41, 
and who is a daughter of John W. and -Inlia 
A. (Blanchard) Zerba, who were natives of 
New York and Vermont respectively. They 
came to Wisconsin at an early date, and there 
his death occurred on September 1."). 1S05. 
Afterward the mother removed to Nebraska 
with her children and in 1877 came to I'ma- 
tilla countv. Her death took place six years 
later in Athena, this county. To their union 
nine children were born: 0. W. B.. who is 
living in Athena. Oregon; Mrs. Elizabeth A. 
Mumford; Melissia, the wife of I,. M. 
Watrus. of Pomeroy, Washington; Mrs. Ros- 
ette Shutrum. deceased, who was a resident 
of Pendleton and whose husband was at one 
time a representative in the state legislature; 
Marquis D.. deceased; Ellis .1., deceased; J. 
F.. of Athena; Mrs. Alice Derrick, of Clarks- 
ton, Washington; and Mrs. Sarah A. Blowers, 
who is living in Linden. Washington. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Mumford four children were born: 
C. W., of Wallowa. Oregon; Ina (!., deceased, 
who was the wife of J. H. McKlroy and the 
mother of five children who are at present 
living with their paternal gramifather; Ettie 
E.. whose death occurred when she was 
twenty-six years of age and who wnn the 
wife of J. E. Osbom of Prineville, Oregon, 
and had two children; and Eflie L., who is 
married to B. F. Brown, a Methodist minis- 
ter of White Salmon. Washington. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mumford are members of the 
Methodist church. His politieal alliance is 
with the republican party and his fraternal 
association with the Masonic order. He keeps 



in touch with those who (ought and bled for 
the Union cause "■■ •! •■ 1....1, .. 1 i, ^f ^^ 
south in that gi' hi.itory 

records by his i . : ( «r»oii 

Post, 0. A. U., of Pendleton. 01 which h« 
is a past comuninder and at the present writ- 
ing serves as adjutant. 

Few agriculturists who have devot...) their 
entire time to farming have v iter 

success than .Mr. .Mumford. II ,blo 

energy led him to ,■• ' •• ' , «i,iph 

would seem almost : man of 

less resolute courage .... ,,nd 

he has met each dithciilty an in 

such a Way that it has prov.- ; ..-p. 

ping stone to success. To sueli mm aa h« 
the state of Oregon is indebted for tho re- 
markable prosperity which it is today en- 
joying. 

GEORGE W. WRIGHT, who is conductinjc 
a hotel in the Crabill block near the depot 
in Baker City, has been a resident of thia 
county for over thirty live year*, during 
the greater portion of which time he ha« rn- 
gageil in the stock business. He was born 
in Union county. Iowa, on the 7th of April, 
1859, and is n son of John D. and Kmeline 
(Simmons) Wright. The father wns n native 
of \ermont and the mother of Illinois, but 

they removeil to Iowa in the . .''■ • • 

their domestic life and then 
until 1802, when they went to >1 
they passed the remainder <■■ • 
They were the parents of fourr 
of whom our subject is the youn^'est. 

The education of fieorge W. Wriffhl waa 
obtained in the common schools of Slin^uurt, 
where his parents removed whi'n he wa» a 

child of three years. He - ' • ' - 

until he was sixteen, and 
who was a farmer, in thi- 
fields and care of the crops. !■ 
eided that the west afforded 
tunitiea for young men, so he 
fornia, where he wnrk>"l n- 
for about a year. In ' 
came to Oregon, aif 
of one hnndre.I 
county. He iinn 
provement iiml • 
with such lucralivi. 
that he was later al.' 
nries of his ranch by 
adjacent land. After exi. : 
he devoted more attention I.. ■ 
wsH, grailunlly with.lrnwlnir • 
He eontinn. ' ' ' 
when he SI. 

coming int ». 

where he i< no" 

.Mr. Wright v '•■ >'!»• 

.Mdann Jftmi'«<>ti. 11 'a 

ilaughter of ry^^<.■^ me- 

son, like» t re- 

moved to I . **th 

p., I -. Mr- '.^ri'itr wn.t w.l* "ne fit 

l.orn to liT parenta. U also 

^1 . 1 ..1. .^ ,.,,,„.» ,,. loni Two 

I*- 

I.U. : . . ;• '" 

this rountv 



134 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



The political support of Mr. Wright is given 
to the democratic party, but his only con- 
nection with official life has been as a mem- 
ber of the school board in which capacity he 
served for several years. Mr. Wright is one 
of the early settlers of the county, where he 
is widely known and has many friends, and 
consequently his hotel is well patronized and 
very popular with the people from the sur- 
rounding country. 

FORREST L. HUBBARD. A rising young 
lawyer of Baker is Forrest L. Hubbard, who 
was born in Westfield, Pennsylvania, March 
8, 1884. The family is of Knglish lineage 
and was first established in America by 
George Hubbard, the great-great-grandfather 
of our subject. He was a lawyer by profes- 
sion and died soon after his arrival in this 
country. His son, Anson Hubbard, who was 
but ten years of age when the voyage was 
made across the Atlantic, later became a 
Methodist minister. He was the father of 
Noah B. Hubbard, the grandfather of Forrest 
L. Hubbard and an older brother of Judge 
Hubbard, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who for 
thirty-five years was the leading counsel 
for the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad 
Company. Winfield S. Hubbard, a son of 
Noah B. Hubbard, was born in Troupsburg, 
New York, April 28, 18.55, and is a farmer 
by occupation, making his home at West- 
field, Pennsylvania. He married Emma 
Nobles, who was a native of the last named 
city, her birth there occuring June 1, 1854. 

The only cliild of this union is Forrest L. 
Hubbard, who spent the period of his youth 
in Pennsylvania, where in Westfield he re- 
ceived a high-school education, after wliich 
he taught for two years in the public schools 
of the Keystone state. He then entered the 
Mansfield State Normal and was graduated 
therefrom with the class of 1005, and in 
September of that year he came to Oregon, 
locating in Malheur county, where he taught 
school in district No. 18, on the Owyhee 
river. The following year he came to Baker 
county and was principal of Muddy Ci'eek 
high school, near Haines, for two years, from 
1906 to 1908 inclusive. In the summer of 
the latter year he taught in the summer 
normal of Baker City Business College and 
was also a member of the county teachers' 
examining board. During this same time 
he was studying law in the office of Hart & 
Nichols and in September of 1908 entered 
the law department of the University of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor, from which, on the 
30tli of June, 1910, he was graduated with 
honors, receiving the degree of LL.B. He 
immediately went to Petoskey, Michigan, 
where he worked as a law clerk in the of- 
fices of Hon, C. J. Pailthrop, and after spend- 
ing the greater part of 1911 in that city, he 
returned to Baker, Oregon, in August. Here 
he opened law offices at 2183 Court street. 
On May 1, 1912, Mr. Hubbard removed to 
the .Slioomaker building and took over in 
adililion to his own extensive practice the 
local business of the Hon. J. N. Hart. 

On June 5, 1912, Mr. Hubbard was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary L. Fisher, of Haines, 



Baker county, Oregon, a daughter of Henry 
K. Fisher, a well known ranchman and resi- 
dent of this county. Mrs. Hubbard is a 
giaduate of the public and high schools of 
Baker county and for three years was a 
teacher in the public scliools. From 1908 
to 1911 she studied music in the University 
of Michigan. 

Fraternally Mr. Hubbard is a, member of 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks 
and is numbered among the most popular 
men in the lodge. He also belongs to Elk- 
horn Lodge, No. 166, I. 0. 0. F. He is one 
of the best informed young men in Baker 
and his educational experience and connec- 
tion with various law oltices have well fitted 
him to enter upon a brilliant career, which 
no doubt awaits him in the city. Genial in 
his associations with men, he has become 
well known in the leading circles of Baker 
considering the short time of his residence 
here and is popular at social and fraternal 
gatherings. 

JOHN LANGDON RAND. Among the well 
known members of the bar in Baker City and 
county is John Langdon Rand, who was born 
in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, October 28, 
1861. He traces his ancestry back to an 
early period in the history of New England, 
the first representative of the name in this 
country being Francis Rand, who settled in 
Rye, New Hampshire, in 1633. In the mater- 
nal line the first American progenitor located 
in Odiorne's Point, near Portsmouth, in 1623, 
the year in which the first settlement was 
made in New Hampshire. The great-grand- 
father, Ephraim Rand, served in the American 
army during the Revolutionary war and died 
in Ng^v York of smallpox. The parents of 
our subject were John Sullivan and Elvira W. 
(Odiorne) Rand, both of whom were born in 
the old Granite state, where the father fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming as a life 
work. He was born on the 27tli of February, 
1827, in Portsmouth, where he still resides 
with his 'Wife. In their family are six 
children: .J. C, engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness at Little Rock, Arkansas; Lula, at home; 
Irving W., serving as surgeon of the army, 
with the rank of major, his headquarters be- 
ing at Fort Hancock; Charles B., a merchant 
of Boston; and Henry A., who resides at 
home. 

John Langdon Rand, the other member of 
the family, was educated at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, having attended a preparatory school at 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and was grad- 
uated with the class of 1883. In the fall of 
that year he removed to Walla Walla, Wash- 
ington, and there began to read law with N. 
T. Caton. He was admitted to the bar of the 
state of Washington in 1885 and in the fol- 
lowing year was licensed to practice in the 
courts of Oregon. In 1886 he came to Baker 
City and since that time has been following 
his profession with success in this city. As 
he has prospered he has become the possessor 
of a number of fine properties here, one of 
which is the well known Rand building. He 
ia also considerably interested in mining prop- 
erties and has represented a great many 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKY OF OREGON 



135 



corporations as counsel. At present he is 
general counsel for the Sumpter Valley Kail- 
way Company; The Oregon Lumber Com- 
pany; the Columbia Gold Mining Company; 
The Pacific Live Stock Company; and numer- 
ous other concerns. 

Mr. Rand was married July 23, 1S95, to 
Miss Edith G. Packwood, a daughter of Wil- 
liam Packwood, of whom extended mention 
is made elsewhere in this work. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Rand have been born two sons; Irv- 
ing, who was born on the 27th of October, 
1896; and Langdon, born on the 22d of 
March, 1901. 

In his political faith Mr. Rand ia a republi- 
can and is well known in the state of Oregon 
as a leader in its public and political circles. 
He was elected as state senator in 1U03 and 
served until 190a, representing in the upper 
house the counties of Baker, ^Malheur & Har- 
ney. Previous to this time he had served 
as district attorney from ISSS until 1890, 
and again from 1894 until 1896, He is well 
known in fraternal circles as a Scottish Kite 
Mason. He holds membership in Baker City 
Lodge, No. 47, A. F. & A. M. ; was at one time 
high priest of Keystone Chapter, Xo. 15, 
R. A. M.; and was formerly eminent com- 
mander of Baker Commandcry, i\o. 9. Knights 
Templar. He is also a member of Baker's 
Lodge, No. 338, B. P. 0. E. and the Knights 
of Pythias. He is a well known and popular 
member of the Commercial Club of Baker 
City. 

Mr. Rand is a worthy scion of the Rand 
family, so well defined in its ancestral lineage, 
members of which took part in the early set- 
tlement and development of New England. 
In his career of over a quarter of a century 
passed in Baker City he has thoroughly es- 
tablished himself in professional, fraternal 
and political circles. It falls to the lot of 
not manv men to meet with greater success 
in life than has come to ilr. Rand, whose 
acquaintanceship e.xtends throughout the 
state of Oregon. Secure in his reputation 
for professional ability, honored in his politi- 
cal career, well known in fraternal and busi- 
ness circles and respected in all of these rela- 
tions, he has attained a conspicuous place 
among Baker City's prominent men. 

J. C. MARTIN has been actively identined 
with the mining interests of Baker county 
for the past twentv-two years, having lo- 
cated in Baker Citv'in 18S9. He is a native 
of the citv of New York, where his birth 
occurred oii the 12th of December, 18»s, and 
is a son of .John Martin. 

The boyhood and early youth nf .1. C. Mar- 
tin were "passed in his native cily. where he 
obtained a common-school education. At tlie 
age of nineteen vears. in 19G7. he left the 
parental home and went to New Mexico, 
where he turned his attention to pro^ipectinR 
and mining. He remained in the latter state 
for nineteen vears. meeting with vnryiiiR 
success. In 1886, he again started westwiml, 
California being this time hi* de«tinBtion. 
There he continued hii mining operntionii for 
three years, at the expiration of which time 
he came to Oregon. He first located in Baker 



City in July, 18S9, but very goon thereafter 

he acquired a mining claim on th.- l...iiii,l .rv 

line of Baker and Grant coir 

for more than twenty yeura i 

gaged in the operation of a. pUcvr mniP. .Mr. 

Martin has been engaged in miniii<r in the 

west for nearly fortytlvc yi'uni an 

his long experience has become v<-: 

with conditions to be met with in 

nection. He is a man of much k 

and foresight whose pructioul idea-. 

judgment in all matters <'oniii'<'t<'d wiili In* 
line of work are so highly regard.il by tli..«« 
who know him that his udvio« i« oflvn 
sought and his opinion asked by thooe who 
are interested in mines and mining. 

Fraternally Mr. Martin is u niemhor of 
the Knights of Pytliiui, and | ' ' " ' 
a republican. He is one of ' 
Baker county, the markinl .1. .. 
which he has witnessed during tl 
three years of his residence. In ■ 
he has seen vast tracts of unrulli- 
transforrae<l into productive rai; 
cultivated fields and heavily laden wi.liui.U, 
while villages hove sprung up where thi-rr 
was not a sign of habitation twenty y<'ar< 
ago and settlements have gmwn into lliri« 
ing cities. 

EDWARD P. CRANSTON. The Ul.. 
Edward 1'. Cranston, who had been a reml. nt 
of Baker City for about three oml dik' I14I1 
decades at the time of hin death in r.>iu, 
was one of the pioneer businesn men t"> »ln"i«> 
energy and entvrpri.sing spirit nn • 
tributed much of the credit for th- 
velopment. He was born in t>hi" 
of April, 1836, and was u ■"••n ■ 
and Koxanna Cranston, t"''l> i.t:, 
Kiigland. The parents " 
Ohio, whence they remo\' 
crossing the plains with uii • 
destination was .Marion com 
took up a donation claim in ' 
and there pa.ssed the remain>l' 

Kdward V. ( 
years when li 
their removal !■■ • • 
this state his lioni> 
comfortable circuni-' 
advantages of excellent 
his eiliication at Willm 
which institution he w.i 

attaining his maiority '' 

roof and slnn 
ill the worhl. 
merciul 1 • 

.\ubiirn, 1 ■' 

inercaiitil. ' 

for four yenr«. .M th- ff «h»l 

p<'riod he went t" ^i!-m •■ 'tw 

same liiip<iiii'«i (nr ' 
his inlere«t« nt •!'• 
turned !•■ 
where In 

slot. ' 

op»-r 
latl. 
nrlr " 

H. 1' 

in-law, in the c«n«tru<rliun ol a osimI i»r th» 



136 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



purpose of placer mining. This was a 
stupendous undertaking for that period as 
it was thirty miles long, having its head 
waters in Eagle creek. Mr. Cranston's 
various undertakings brought him good finan- 
cial returns and he acquired some valuable 
realty holdings, having left a ranch of four 
hundred acres and two residences in Baker 
City to his heirs. 

In 1863, Mr. Cranston was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Anna E. Bowen, a daughter of 
Ira Benjamin and Anna (Dooley) Bowen, the 
father a native of Pennsylvania and the 
mother of New York state. Together with 
their family they crossed the plains to Ore- 
gon in 1SG2, locating in Baker county and 
here they both passed away. Six children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cranston, as fol- 
lows: Herbert B. and Walter B., who are 
deceased; Edward P., Jr.; Earl F., of Baker 
City; Lilah, the wife of William H. Moeller, 
of this city; and Maud C, who is living with 
her mother. 

In matters of religious faith the family 
are Roman Catholics, of which church the 
father was also a communicant. Mr. Crans- 
ton was an enterprising and capable business 
man and was held in high regard by those 
who had transactions with him, as he was 
always trustworthy and reliable. 

WILLIAM JOSEPH STOCKMAN, who is 
livini; in Pendleton, was born in Ohio, No- 
vember 30. 1849. and is the son of John C. 
and Martha (Cunningham) Stockman, both 
of whom were natives of Ohio. In their fam- 
ily were three children, of whom W. J. 
Stockman, of this review, alone survives. He 
was but three years of age when his parents 
removed to Indiana and spent the remaining 
portion of his minority in that state save for 
a brief period passed in Missouri. He pur- 
sued his education in the public schools and 
then started out in life by engaging in farm- 
ing, to which he devoted three years. Sub- 
sequently he went to California and after 
four years, or in 1877, came to Umatilla 
county, where he took up a homestead. He 
yet owns a farm of four hundred and eighty 
acres of highly improved l.ind in Umatilla 
county and in" addition he owns a beautiful 
residence in Pendleton at No. 623 Garfield 
street. 

In 1869 Mr. Stockman wedded Miss Liz- 
zie McConnell, and they became the parents 
of four children: Addison, a resident of Uma- 
tilla county; Effie, who is the wife of Henry 
Peterson, of the same county, who operates 
her father's farm; and two who are deceased. 
Mrs. Stockman died March 33, 1888, and in 
1890 Mr. Stockman married Sarah A. Wil- 
liams, who has also passed away. On the 
7th of April, 1895. he married "Mrs. Etta 
Scott, a native of Randolph county, Illinois, 
who b.v her former marriage had two chil- 
dren, Olcn E. and Eva L. Of this third mar- 
riage one son has been born, .Tosepli Lowell. 
Mr. Stockman is a republican in politics 
and has served as road supervisor. He has 
always taken an active interest in educa- 
tional measiires and has been school director 
for nearly twenty years. Fraternally he 



has been a member of Helix Lodge, No. 40, 
U. A. but now belongs to Alfa Assembly, 
No. 9. of Pendleton. He is an active worker 
in the Methodist Episcopal church and is one 
of the stewards. He has a large circle of 
acquaintances in Pendleton and is highly hon- 
ored as a progressive citizen and a man who 
takes much interest in the public welfare. 

WILLIAM RILEY. No better known or 
more ellicient and acceptable civil officer is 
identified with the peace and order of Baker, 
Oregon, than William Riley, chief of police, 
having been appointed to this ollice Decem- 
ber 6, 1910. He is in every way proving to 
be the right man in the right place. He was 
born in Ravenna, Ohio, July 39, 1863. his 
parents being William and Mary (Burke) 
Riley, both natives of Dublin, Ireland. The 
father's birth occurred on the 24th of De- 
cember, 1835, while tlie mother was born in 
November, 1836. William Riley, Sr., was en- 
gaged in his native country in the liack and 
livery business. He emigrated from Ireland 
to this country, settling in Ohio, from which 
state he moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1883 
and became the proprietor of one of the 
popular hotels of that city. During the 
Civil war, true to the Celtic blood of his 
race, he offered himself as volunteer in the 
service of the Union cause. He was, how- 
ever, disappointed in not being able to pass 
the physical inspection from the fact that 
a broken ankle, not sulliciently healed, in- 
capacitated him for the service of a soldier. 
Mr. and Mrs. Riley are both living in Chi- 
cago, the former having retired from active 
business some years ago. Six children were 
born to this union, namely: Christopher W., 
now in Los Angeles; Margai-et, the wife of 
Thomas Cunningham, residing at No. 8141 
Vincennes avenue, Chicago; Mary, who is 
the wife of Edward Ryan and resides at No. 
777 West Seventy-ninth street, Chicago, 
Illinois; William, of this review; Elizabeth, 
the wife of Con Kiley, who lives at Auburn 
Park, Chicago. Illinois; and Julia, who is 
the wife of Edward Fogerty and also resides 
at Auburn Park, Chicago, Illinois. 

William Riley was educated in the public 
schools of Ohio, where he was advanced to 
the third year in the high-school course. At 
the close of his school years he engaged in 
the business of a blacksmith at Akron, Ohio, 
for a period of three years, after which he 
removed to Chicago and from there to Texas, 
traveling all over the southwest and north- 
west Pacific intermountain country. His 
peregrinations led him through Oregon be- 
fore this great state could boast of a rail- 
road passing through her domain. He 
reached Oregon by wa}' of Pocatello, Idaho, 
at that time the terminal of the Oregon Short 
Line. From here he continued his journey 
by stage, settling finally in 1893 in Baker, 
Oregon. Here he engaged in the livery and 
hack business after spending some little time 
in the blacksmithing business. Mr. Riley is 
affiliated with the democratic party of his 
state and a popular leader in the advance- 
ment of the interests of his party. He was 
appointed to the office of chief of police of 




WILLIAM J. STOCKMAN AND FAMILY 



\" 



. im' 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



130 



Baker, on December 6, 1910, and has con- 
tinued to serve the city in that capacity to 
the present time. He is tlio owner of con- 
siderable valuable property in Baker. 

On the 2Jth of January, 1SU4, .Mr. Riley 
was married to Miss Pauline Moore, a daugh- 
ter of William and Elizabeth (tiaren) Moore, 
who came to Oregon by o.\ team and who 
were numbered among the early pioneers. 
Mr. and Mrs. iloore are both deceased and 
were buried in Baker. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Riley has been born one daughter, Uiurine. 
Fraternally Mr. Kiley is identilieUl witli the 
\yoodmen of the World, the Independent 
Order of Odd Felohvs and the Masonic blue 
lodge. His wife is worthy grand matron of 
the Eastern Star. To William Riley belongs 
the duty of maintaining peace, good order 
and protection of individual rights and per- 
sonal property among the people of Baker. 
His incumbency of the ollice of chief of police 
has given the highest satisfaction to the 
city. He is alert and skilful in the manage- 
ment of the details of his responsible ollice 
and without offense but with tirmness and 
the practice of the homely virtue of com- 
mon sense, he is proving his elliciency as 
an officer. 

ANDERSON FINLEY, commissioner No. 2, 
in charge of streets, sewers, lights and high- 
ways, of Baker, Oregon, residing at No. 2'j68 
Campbell street, has made his home in thi; 
city since 1895. He was born in Santa Clara, 
California, on the 13th of April, 1S59, his 
parents being William M. and Mary Ellen 
(Morgan) Finley. The family comes of a 
race of pioneers and John Finley, the great- 
great-grandfather of our subject, was the 
bosom friend of Daniel Boone, the Kentucky 
pioneer. The grandfather was born in the 
Blue Grass state and married Miss Nnncy 
Evans in Jlercer county, Illinois, in 1832. 
She was born in Ohio in 1811 and died at 
Finley Lake, California, in August. 18^4. 
William M. Finley, the father of Anderson 
Finley, was born in Bloomingtun, Hlinois. 
January 10, 1833, and with his mother and 
two brothers, J. M. and Samuel, crossed the 
plains from Mercer county, Illinois, with ox 
teams, to California in 1SJ2, locatinjj in the 
San Jose valley. On the 4th of April, 1S58, 
in San Jose, he was united in mnrringo to 
iliss Mary Ellen Morgan, who was born at 
Laporte, Indiana, July 14, 1842. Her mother, 
who in her maidenhood was a .Miss Unsen- 
berry died during the early childhood of Mr«. 
Finley and later her father went to Texas in 
the early "403, from which place he went to 
Contra Costa, California, in 1>^85. where his 
death occurred in 1876. He was again mar- 
ried after his arrival in that state and al- 
most all of the children and grandchildren 
of the second union now reside at Berkeley, 
Alameda and Martinez. California. In the 
early 'GOs William M. Finley and his family 
were residing in San Uiis Obi»p<i county, 
California, and then located on a ranch o 
mile and a half south of Antioeh in HRO. In 
1873 they removed to Tehama county. Cali- 
fornia, and settled at what is know calW 
Finley Ijike, twenty-tive miles cast of Re"! 



Bluir. There they remained until ISS-I, wh«B 
they removed to Camus I'ruirie, t'matilla 
county, Uregv>n, and in IVndletun, on the 
isth of September, ISSJ, the falher pttuwU 
away, his remains being mlerred in a rviue- 
tery at that place. The mullivr'* drath 
occurred three years later on the 2lJlh u( 
July, 1!>88, at Camas I'ruirie, and there *h« 
was burieil. Beside Andefaou Kinlrv, of 
this review, there are two aons uud two 
daughters of this marriage who ye' 
namely: Eliza J., the wife of J. A. 

Everett, who is married and residi ^ 

BlutT, California; Vina A., who is the uilr 
of Leo L. Joiner, of Ckiuh, Culilnrni.i . .ml 
William, single, residing in Red I' 
state. The deceased iiienilxTs of ti 
consist of a son ami daughter uho p^aivU 
away at Red Blnlf when i|uite yuuni{. 

The youth of Anderson Kin' 
in California and he secured a 
education in Tehama cminii .... • • 
While still ([uite young In- li-.irm-.l d •• 
graphy and soon secured a poHitmn u^ i>|M'f 
ator and switchman in coniieitloii with tbn 
Hume of the Sierra Lumlier < ■.iiiip:niy in 
Tehama county, California, u ; 
he held for nine years. A; 
Oregon in 1686 he took up tli' i 
stock-raising and ranching in 
county, which he followed for 
1802 he went into the minn 
Orant and Baker cumii.-. .j. 
fortunes followed llf 
1002. In that year h 

and on returning enlensl tin- ilir 

city of Baker, occupying van. • 

-Mr. Finley was marritsl 
California, on the 2.'>th of Jul^ 
Rosa A., the only daughter • 
E. Sherman, who «ere both ■ 
Harbor, New York, I i-- 
daughter of J. K. I 
family which numb. ; 
ers among its member*. .Mr 
father, was the eldest son i- 
man, a contractor and I ' 
bor. New York, and it w 
he was in . 
Sherman. 
A • • 



.Mrs. Kinley, 
Into fhi- mi 

r ■■ 



I... Ml :■! ' 

till- '.ith . 
from t ■■ 
1011. 
ite. 1.^ 

ls!»:'., i< II s'liri.r 111 
.\lr. Kinl-y i« « ■ 
thiiiigh he li 
viri'S find A fir- 



no churrk al- 



I 



tamp No. S3a«. M. W, A, ot t*ia erty. 



140 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



He also belongs to Baker Lodge, No. 25, I. 
0. 0. F., was noble grand of tliis lodge in 
1905 and is a member of the grand lodge of 
Oregon, having twice represented his local 
lodge in that body, and also served as dis- 
trict deputy grand master in this district for 
the year 1910. He has never been deeply in- 
terested in politics but in the main votes the 
republican ticket. He has frequently been 
called to public office, however, and when 
only twen^-y-one years of age was elected 
constable of Finley precinct, Tehama county. 
California, and held that office one year. In 
January, 1907, he was appointed street su- 
perintendent of Baker, by Mayor C. A. 
Johns, and served in that capacity for two 
years. When the system of government of 
Baker was changed from aldermanic to com- 
mission plan Mr. Finley was chosen as one 
of its commissioners in November, 1910, and 
since that time has served in connection 
with the conduct of affairs of department 
No. 2, his present position being that of 
street commissioner. Mr. Finley who is still 
in the prime of life and who has for so long 
a time been connected with business affairs 
on the Pacific coast and more recently with 
the municipal affairs of Baker, is a man 
universally respected in the community of 
which he is a prominent member. Although 
not an ardent politician still he has oft- 
times been the incumbent of places of public 
honor and trust — such a position, in fact, he 
is now filling. He has a wide acquaintance 
in Baker and in all circles is recognized as 
one of the most representative citizens of 
the community. He has exhibited to a 
marked degree those traits so essential to the 
public official — honesty, fidelity, general 
ability and good fellowship. 

GUSTAV ANDERSON, the accomplished 
and efficient city attorney of Baker City, Ore- 
gon, was born in Sweden, December 17, 1S63. 
His parents, Andreas and Martha (Larson) 
Anderson, were likewise natives of that coun- 
try. The father was a landed proprietor in 
Sweden, owning a large tract on which a 
number of tenants were employed. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Andreas Anderson finished their 
earthly pilgrimage in their native land many 
years ago. They were the parents of eight 
children, seven sons and one daughter, as fol- 
lows: Andreas, who still lives in Sweden; 
Olof, now deceased, who was for many years 
cashier in one of th(^ banks in his home city 
in Sweden; Lars, who still lives in Sweden, 
occupying and caring for the old homestead 
where the family were born and reared; Peter 
and John, who have also remained in Sweden; 
Kric, who resides in Seattle, Washington; 
Karin, the wife of Peter Hedberg; and 
Gustav. of this review. 

The last named received his early educa- 
tion in the common schools of Sweden. He 
emigrated to the United States in 1882 and 
the following year settled in Olympia, Wash- 
ington. Upon reaching this country he had 
no knowledge whatever of the English 
language and, believing that the best and 
quickest way by which he could obtain a 
knowledge of the language was by attending 



the schools of the land, he applied for mem- 
bership in the student body of the Olympia 
Collegiate Institute at Olympia, Washington. 
After receiving two years instruction at the 
institute he accepted a position as bookeeper 
and for a time was engaged in that employ- 
ment. On resigning his position he returned 
immediately to his studies at Olympia and 
was graduated from the institute in the class 
of 1887. He was the orator of his class 
and his very unusual accomplishments as a 
thorough student and qualified graduate oc- 
casioned surprise and much favorable com- 
ment at the time, on account of his ability to 
acquire in the brief space of three years a 
knowledge of the English language and at 
the same time successfully pass the necessary 
examinations to obtain an honorable certifi- 
cate of graduation. Having finished his 
course at the Olympia Collegiate Institute, he 
at once took up the study of law, pursuing 
his course in the University of Oregon, from 
which he was graduated in 1895. During his 
student days Mr. Anderson supported himself 
and in addition paid all his college and uni- 
versity expenses out of his savings from the 
wages he received as an employe working in 
the logging camps of Washington during the 
vacation between the semester terms in the 
college and university. He became a citizen 
of Oregon in 1887 and has since remained a 
loyal son of his adopted state. Immediately 
after being graduated from the law depart- 
ment of the University of Oregon he com- 
menced the practice of law in Portland, where 
he opened his first office and started in the 
practice of his profession. Later he became 
a member of the law firm of Shepherd, An- 
derson & Cellars in Portland. In this asso- 
ciate office he continued the general law 
practice until ill health compelled him to 
submit to a very grave operation which con- 
fined him as a patient in the hospital for a 
long period. During his convalescence, in 
which his health and strength returned at an 
unusually slow pace, he received a visit from 
Mr. Lomax, who at that time was the district 
attorney of Baker county and who, seeing the 
delicate state in which Mr. Anderson then 
was, persuaded him to locate in Baker City, 
believing that the change would benefit him 
and more quickly restore his health and urged 
him to enter into a copartnership in the prac- 
tice of his profession. Taking this kindly ad- 
vice Mr. Anderson, severing his connection 
with the law firm of Shepherd, Anderson & 
Cellars of Portland, removed to Baker City, 
where, in 1905, a copartnership was entered 
into with Mr. Lomax under the firm name of 
Lomax & Anderson. They continued in the 
general practice of law until 1908, at which 
time the partnership was dissolved and Mr. 
Anderson opened an independent office and 
so continues in the practice of his profession. 
He was appointed city attorney on the 1st of 
January, 1910. During this year the city 
government was reorganized and changed in 
form, Mr. Anderson assisting in the forma- 
tion of the new city government. After the 
change had been consummated he was again 
appointed city attorney, in which office he 
has continued. Previous to his holding the 



THE CENTKNXIAL ITISTOIJY OF OREGON 



141 



office of city attorney he received the ap- 
pointment of deputy district attorney and 
in this otiice he continued to discharge the 
duties incumbent upon him until he entered 
actively into the private practice of law. 

He is a republican in politics. Fraternally 
he is identified with the Benevolent Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, being the exalted ruler of 
that lodge for 1911. His religious faith is 
indicated by his membership in the Methodist 
church. Mr. Anderson is a man of indomit- 
able will and unusual resourcefulness. He 
has conquered the handicap of acquirin" a 
complete understanding of the Knglish 
language, which was to him a foreign tongue 
upon his arrival in this country, and at the 
same time, by his industry and economy, 
provided himself with sufficient means with 
which to pay the necessary expenses to pur- 
sue his studies in the Olympia Collegiate In- 
stitute and the law course of the University 
of Oregon. He is a valued and able member 
of the commonwealth in which he resides. 
His sympathy and ready help are to be relied 
upon "in connection with the promotion of 
educational, religious and political interests 
tending to the developemnt of all that is to 
be desired in the realization of an ideal 
community life. 

R. F. KIRKPATRICK is one of the wide- 
awake, alert and enterprising merchants of 
Pendleton, where he is engaged in business 
as a member of the firm of Jcrard & Kirk- 
patrick, dealers in agricultural implements. 
He was bom in Pettis county. Missouri, 
April 3, 1863, his parents being William and 
Catherine (Smith) Kirkpatrick. the former 
a native of Kentucky and the latter of St. 
Louis, Missouri. They were married in Pet- 
tis countv. to which" place the father had 
removed "with his parents in his childhoml 
days. He died when the son. R. F. Kirk- 
patrick, was but nine years of age, and 
the mother afterward became the wife of 
Thomas Close. They continued to reside in 
Pettis countv until "the death of Mr. Close, 
after which "the mother came to Oregon to 
make her home with her son. K. F. Kirk- 
patrick, with whom she has lived for the 
past twelve vears. 

In the public schools of his native county 
Mr. Kirkpatrick of this review pursued hi» 
education until he reached the age of four- 
teen vears when, prompto.l by his adven- 
turous" spirit, he ran away from home and 
went to Texas. Since that lime he ha.i 
depended entirely upon his own resources 
for whatever success he has won and en- 
joyed. He spent two years in the I-one Star 
state and then returned to Pettis county. 
Missouri, where he accepte.l a position a» 
a farm hand. He has never been afraid of 
earnest, honest toil and his indefatigable 
industry and enerpj- have been the source ol 
his progress and success. 

In 1SS3 Mr. Kirkpatrick was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary E. C.hi/c <>< No,l,»way 
countv Missouri. Thev tngan th.ir domestic 
life upon a rent.-d farm. .Mr. Kirkpatrick 
leasin" the old homestead, upon which hr 
lived until the summer of 1886. when he 



cros.sed the plains with a mule team to 
Oregon. He started on thi- IMh of June 
and reached rmutilla > '. 

of Septeml)fr. Here li' 
his home and took up ii^^ 
farm near Adams. A year 
he returned to the Mi*- - i.ii.1 

again spent two years in In 

ISS'J, however, he once n Or*' 

gon. settling in Yamhill county, where b« 
cultivated a rented farm for *ix yrnr? In 
that time he carefully saved hi- 
and thus year by year made ■• 
financial advancement. In the full ■•: ;»■■. 
he returned to I'matilla county and tlirmiKh 
out the succeeding fiuirt 
tively and prominently 

ing interests here, renting 

vatioii. In lUO'J he came to I'eii 
entered conimiTciiil circles as u 
agricultural implements, furming 
ship with K. H. Wilcox by pur 
half-interest in the latter'.* Iui«ii 
Wilcox was later succeeded by t 
and the firm name of .lerard A K 
was assuineil. This is one of ti 

business lirms of IVndlet ■' ■ 

years in which they li i 

iiected with the trade ii ' 

they have made a very enviable repiitoimn. 

Onto Mr. and Mrs." Kirkpatrick have be<<n 
born six children: Karl, who is a farmer of 
Imatilla countv: Nellie, the wife of W. 
L. Park, of Pendleton; Roj . 
engaged in farming in I in 

Catherine, at home; and Fiiia- ..... 

both of whom are still in school. 

The faiiiilv are well known •■-UIIv In 
Pendleton and members of the 
occupy an enviable place in thr 
which they move. .Mr. K • 
democrat in politics and at I! 
ing is serving as a memlnr . 
council, exercising his ollicial 1' 
ill support of maii> 
eral good. He Im'1. 
:'.2. I. O. O. v.. in 
the chairs, and in 
other relations ot 
res|H'ct and confidence . 
a high di;rr.. Mo i. 
and ener 
the fact 
be oviTcoiUf 
Thus he is ^^ 

is winning tli -• • 

persistent and honorabl" tabor. 

lb* 



ALDINE M. 

undertakiiii' '•'! 

resident 

His birf!. 


cr 


on 1 




ere. I' 
ary 
tie ■ 





.•iili*lm.iil for »«TTi« in !h' < i»>i "»' >" 



142 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



1861. He was in the Twenty-seventh Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, having removed to that 
state several years previously. He was in 
service until the end of the war, when he re- 
turned to his home at Waukon, Iowa, going 
one year later to Buena Vista county where 
he remained until his death. Mrs. Glough 
passed away in Buena Vista county in 1906. 
To Gardner and Laura Cloiigh six children 
were born: Fernando, who is living in Elk 
Falls, Kansas, and served two and a half 
years in the Civil war; Aldine M., the subject 
of this sketch ; .John F., Fred M. and William, 
all of whom are residents of Sioux Rapids, 
Iowa; and a daughter who died in infancy. 

Aldine M. Clough received more than the 
usual advantages in the matter of education. 
After he completed his course in the common 
schools of Iowa he attended the academy at 
Waukon, Iowa. He finished these courses at 
an early age and as soon as he was free to 
do so removed to Oregon, arriving in Salem 
on the 2d of May, 1876. Since that time he 
has continuously made his home in that city. 
After locating there he immediately engaged 
in the undertaking and cabinet-making busi- 
ness in partnership with F. J. Babeoek. This 
firm continued business until the death of 
Mr. Babcock, eleven and a half years later, 
when Mr. Clough conducted the business alone 
until about two years ago. Since that time 
he has carried on the undertaking business 
in partnership with U. J. Lehman. In 1888 
he was elected to the office of coroner and 
in 1894 was reelected to that office and since 
that time he has held it continuously. 

On the 25th of May, 1873, at Cresco, Iowa, 
Mr. Clough was married to« Miss Adella 
Eydor, whose birth occurred in McHenry 
county, Illinois, on the 29th of September, 
1855, and who is a daughter of Morgan and 
Louisa (Wanless) Ryder, both of whom are 
now deceased. The father was a farmer 
througliout his active career. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Clough five children have been born, two 
of whom are deceased. Their deaths occurred 
within a week of each other. Bertha L., 
the eldest, is the wife of W. R. Bishop and 
is residing in Portland. Monah M., who is 
married to W. L. Bryant, is also a resident 
of that city and Alice, the youngest, is living 
at hmne. 

Mr. Clough is a republican and uses his 
influence in supporting the men and measures 
of that party. He holds membership in the 
Metliodist Episcopal church and for twenty- 
eight years was a consistent and faithful 
member of the First Methodist Episcopal 
church. About a year ago, however, he with- 
drew his membership in that church and 
with many other of its prominent members 
affdiatod with the new Methodist church 
which had recently been erected in his own 
neigliborhood. He also holds membership in 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, an 
organization in which he has filled all the 
chairs. He has served in the grand lodge 
about seven times and at present is deputy 
grand patriarch of the encampment and at 
various times he has held all of tlie offices 
in Ihe cncampincnt. He is also a member of 
the Artisans and has occupied all of the 
chairs twice and is identified with the Wood- 



men of the World. While his activities have 
largely been concentrated upon his business 
interests, his influence is always a steady 
moving force for those enterpi-ises and or- 
ganizations which are vital to the best de- 
velopment of the individual and the com- 
munity at large. Those who know him in 
social and fraternal relations find him genial, 
courteous and obliging and he has gained the 
high regard of all those with wliom he has 
been associated. 

FRANK BOYD CLOPTON. In a review of 

tlie lives of tliose men who have been the 
upliuilders and promoters of Pendleton's 
commercial, social and moral interests, Frank 
B. Clopton, now deceased, deserves prominent 
and honorable mention. His was a well spent 
life, in harmony with tliose principles which 
in every land and clime awaken confidence 
and regard. During much of his residence 
in Pendleton he was engaged in the real-es- 
tate and insurance business and at all times 
h(' found opportunity to cooperate in move- 
ments which had for their object the benefit 
and welfare of the city. He was born in 
Lynchburg, Virginia, March 2, 1800, the son 
of Francis Bacon and Mary (Boyd) Clopton, 
and a grandson of the eminent Virginia jur- 
ist. Judge John B. Clopton. The Virginia 
Cloptons were descended from the Cloptons 
of Yorkshire who were of a very ancient 
English family. The records give a Sir 
Hugh Clopton who died in 1497. He was at 
one time Lord Mayor of London and bene- 
factor of Stratford-on-Avon, his birth hav- 
ing occurred at Clopton manor, a mile from 
Stratford. His ancestors had been owners 
of Stratford manor from the time of Henry 
III. Hugh Clopton, after leaving home, be- 
came a rich merchant of London. His vast 
fortune, it is said, enabled him to become 
possessor of the family estates, and about 
1483 he erected in Stratford, on Cluipel street, 
a pretty house of brick and mortar which 
was ))u'rchased by Shakespeare in 1597 and 
remained the poet's place of residence until 
his death. The estates of Sir Hugh Clop- 
ton ultimately passed to Joyce Clopton, 
sixth generation from Thomas Clopton, Sir 
Hugh's elder brother. She married Sir George 
Carew, who was elevated to the peerage 
May 4, 1605, as Baron Carew of Clopton, a 
member of congress for Virginia in 1607, 
anil made Earl of Totness in February, 1625. 
lie died March 27, 1629, and is buried at 
Stratford-on-Avon. Three sons came to Vir- 
ginia where they took the maternal name of 
Clopton. Tradition states that they were 
compelled to leave England because of their 
adherence to the cause of the Stuarts. Isaac 
Clopton was the eldest. He was one of the 
signers of the "Declaration of the People of 
Virginia concerning the adherence with 
Bacon" in 1076, as appears from the manu- 
script in the British Museum. He was other- 
wise prominent in public affairs. He died 
unmarried and William Clopton became the 
eldest male representative of the family. 
He was from Stratford-on-Avon. was a cap- 
tain in Prince Rupert's Horse, and after the 
battle of Naseby fled to Virginia in 1650. 




I'ltANK I!. ( U>n()\ 



THE NEW YORkI 
PUBLIC LIB! 



THE CENTENNIAL lllSTuKY OF OliEGON 



145 



The tombstones bearing the Clopton arms 
and marking the resting place of liiraself 
and wife are now in St. I'ctcr's church in 
New Kent county, Virginia. He married 
Ann Booth, of County Kent, England. They 
had five children, the eldest being William 
Clopton II, who was a captain on the staff 
of Governor Spottswood when he crossed the 
Blue Ridge mountains and discovered the 
valley of Virginia, and as such he was a 
Knight of the Golden Horseshoe. He was 
married July 17. ITIS. to .loyce Wilkinson, 
a daughter of Colonel George and Sarah 
(Ludwell) Wilkinson, the latter a daughter 
of Dr. Philip Ludwell. of Virginia, who was 
an Englishman by birth and a member of the 
governor's (Lord Berkeley's) council. Wil- 
liam Clopton II died July 27, 1729. His chil- 
dren were four in number, the eldest being 
William Clopton III. who was a presiding 
justice of Xew Kent county. Virginia, in co- 
lonial days. He was married in 1752 to 
Elizabeth Darrel Ford, a daughter of Reuben 
and Elizabeth (Darrel) Ford. Their eldest 
child was Joliu Clopton, who was an olTicer 
in the Continental army in the Revolution- 
ary war and a member of the Society of the 
Cincinnati. After the revolution he repre- 
sented the Richmond district in the United 
States congress for twenty years, from 1796 
to ISIG. He was graduated from Phila- 
delphia College, now the L'niversity of Penn- 
sylvania, just before the outbreak of the war. 
When hostilities ceased he engaged in the 
practice of law. In addition to his service 
in congress he was elected a member of the 
Privy Council of Virginia. December 12. 1799. 
He married Sarah Bacon, a daughter of Ed- 
mond and Elizabeth (Edloe) Bacon. The 
former was a son of .John and Susannah 
(Parke) Bacon, and .lohn Bacon was a son 
of General Xathaniel Bacon, called the rebel, 
who was at one time a member of the gov- 
ernor's council. lie served in that olhce 
in 1676 and was colonel of colonial troops 
operating against the Indians. He was a 
nephew of Sir Francis Bacon. Lord Veni- 
1am, Lord High Chancellor, and of Sir Nich- 
olas Bacon, crown minister of Queen Eliza- 
beth. Another uncle. Xathaniel Bacon, the 
elder, was president of the governor's coun- 
cil of Virginia in 1676. The children of 
John and Sarah (Bacon) Clopton were five 
in number, of whom the eldest was .lohn 
Bacon Clopton who was born in New Kent 
county. Virginia. February 13. 17S9. He 
was educated at William and Mary College, 
served in the War of IS12 and studied law 
under Edmund Randolph. He was n mem- 
ber of the state senate prior to 1829, and 
was a member of the convention of 1829. 
He was corresponding secretary of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society at its organization, 
December 31. 1S31, and on February 27, H3t, 
was elected by general assembly judge of 
the seventh judicial circuit. He mnrrii-d 
Maria (C.ateskill) Foster, a daughli-r of .(ohn 
and .lane (Gandy) Foster. Her fiitli.r wan 
mayor of Richmond, Virginia, in l^nj. He 
was a grandson of Sir William Foster, a 
major general in the British army who, join- 
ing the Second Pretender in 1745, command- 



ed the cavalier army at the Imttle of Wor- 
cester, and was captured an.l b.hi-»d.-d for 
treason by George II. 

In the family of John and .Maria Clopton 

Were eleven children, the .sixth '- • ^ - 

Bacon Clopton, who was born ' 
and died Ototwr 29, 1S65. i 
civil engineer and his experience in thai nrbl 
of labor naturally made him e!i|M'fially well 
qualified for service as captain of enginrcro 
when he joined the army in defeniie of hm 
loved southland. He wi.s married .Vovem- 
ber 17, 18.18, to Miss Mary Bovd, who wa« 
a daughter of James .Magruiicr lloyj, a 
prominent business man and rapitalmt of 
Lynchburg, Virginia. lie wom ronnrctrd 
with the MttcGregor family and each year 
the clan hos an annual reunion in Woith- 
ington. It is the clan Mac(;regor of which 
Rob Roy was chieftain. The nii.-.-^»rnl hi»- 
tory also brings in the Clmb.. Uicr 

very distingiiished family, th.- ! the 

Maurys. the Kidgeleys, the TiitiHri-. uii the 
De la Wiiri's. fnto this marriage were Iwm 
two children: Frank B. : and .\laria Kutitcr, 
who later became the wife of Ch>rlr-i Samurl 
Jackson of Portland, Oregon. 

To the mother was left the care of the two 
little children when they were very young. 
In 1870 she emigrated with her fainilr to 
Oregon, settling in Portland, ami Frank B. 
Clopton, then a lad of about elevi'n yearn, 
continued his education in Bi.'<hop Scott'* 
Military .\caileniy. Ijiter he iM-oame a rmi- 
dent of I'matilla Lamiing when- he wa« rm- 
ployed as a bookkeeper for the .lohn R. 
Foster Company. In IHs2 he came to IVmllr 
ton and from that period until hi* death 
his interests were closely identilhMl with thi* 
city. Here he engageil in the jii.ouranrr and 
loan business and succes.t attemled him in all 
his imdertakings, owing to his sound |nil( 
ment, his unfaltering enterpri ' ;.ro- 

gressiveness ami his reliabh' !■ 'h- 

ods. He was also engagi'd in : .>n<l 

mortgage business, loaning easily • half mil- 
lion dollars annually. 

On Febriniry 13, 1889, Mr. Cloplon woa 
united in marriage to Mlsi Sibyl GrilllD, 
who was born in Lowville, New York, and 
wa.s a daughter of H. II. and M«rr K rCran- 
dell) firiflin, both of .of 

the Empire state. 'I i >ll- 

fornia in H7fi m ' • .«J 

ni>rtbward to In Ir». 

Clnptiin beciime ' '"t, 

Sibvl, who is a 'on 

high seh<M)l and In 

Washington. I). ' '•■''• 

her home in !'• • *» 

beautiful m 
owns a bu^ ' 

of a ranch ni ^i\ (uin'ir.-.i a-Ff* |H«-i»«.iiitiT 
and conveniently hx-ated two mil»« from 
the rily. 

In the death of >tr. Cloi' Ion anj 

I'matilla eonnly lo«» a r. ' »r and 

honored reoldrnf. II<- w«» an artiT» m»m 
ber of Ih'- Kp;a->'Ml -h'lrr-h «^rTtng a« tm- 
tryman on'' "T y»ar» 

He aU.. an ■ of lh» 

churrh and Uil exT/llimi; in tii« pow»f to 



146 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



promote its growth and extend its influence. 
His political allegiance was given to the 
democratic party until in later years when, 
feeling the republican party was doing more 
for Pendleton than the democratic organiza- 
tion, he allied himself therewith. He served 
as postmaster of Pendleton during Presi- 
dent Cleveland's administration. He was 
also a member of the city coiuieil and a 
member of the water commission, and he 
cooperated actively in various movements 
for the public good. He held membership 
with Pendleton Lodge, No. 52, F. & A. M. 
and with the Knights of Pythias. His fun- 
eral services were conducted by his brethren 
of the Masonic fraternity who entertained 
for liim the highest regard because of his 
fidelity to the beneficent principles which 
governed his life. He was ever an upright, 
honorable man, active and progressive in 
business, loyal in citizenship, faithful in 
friendship and sacredly cherished home ties. 
His influence was an effective element in sup- 
porting material, intellectual, social and 
moral progress. 

WILLIAM J. LACHNER is the efficient and 
highly acceptable postmaster of Baker, Ore- 
gon. He is in the midst of his second qua- 
drennium term in this office, having received 
his first appointment April 5, 1907. He has 
the distinction of being the first postmaster 
of Baker. Upon the expiration of his first 
term, depending entirely upon his record and 
the universal satisfaction of the patrons of 
this office for his appointment, he became a 
competitor for reappointment, there being 
two other candidates in the field for the 
same office — R. R. Corey, present county 
chairman of the republican county central 
committee, and George McCoy, deputy county 
a.ssessor. In this friendly contest for the 
position of postmaster Mr. Laehner was the 
fortunate leader and upon the formal in- 
dorsement from the patrons generally of the 
ofliice. Congressman Ellis recommended the 
present incumbent to succeed himself. 

William J. Laehner was born in Canyon 
City, Grant county, Oregon, November 30, 
1809, his parents being J. M. and Walburga 
Laehner, both natives of Germany, who were 
among the early pioneers of Baker county. 
In 18fi3 they emigrated to the United States 
and established their home in this state, sub- 
sequently settling in Baker when their 
son William was a child of two years. Our 
subject I'pceived his early education in the 
public schools of Baker and later became 
a student at St. Joseph's College. Af- 
ter having finished his .studies in that institu- 
tion he selected the law as his life profes- 
sion and with that in view became a law stu- 
dent in the office of T. Calvin Hyde, where 
he remained for some time. On leaving the 
ofliee of Mr. Hyde he entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor, taking the full' law course and being 
graduated from that institution in 1896. He 
bus the honorable n-cord of having completed 
his studies as a result of his determination 
to accomplish his purpose in the face of ad- 
verse financial circumstances. To supjily the 



necessary means to maintain himself at the 
institution, he engaged in various kinds of 
labor and was so successful in this that he 
was enabled not only to pay his university 
expenses but also to be of material assistance 
to his parents. Upon the completion of his 
law course at the university he entered at 
once upon the practice of his profession and 
has been uniformly successful in public life. 
His high character and abilities soon brought 
him into notice among the jjeople and espe- 
cially among the members of the republican 
party, in which party he became an ellicient 
and active leader and was honored by be- 
ing elected to the ofliee of chairman of the 
county republican central committee for sev- 
eral years. In 1903 and 1!)04 he hail charge 
of the tax department of Baker county and 
during his incumbency he installed and re- 
vised the present simple and efficient tax 
collecting system now in use in most of the 
counties throughout this state. In 1904 he 
became the owner of the Baker Herald, which 
journal he successfully published for several 
months. In the year 1903 lie was api)ointed 
a member of the first state board of tax com- 
missioners of this state, the other members 
of the commission being Frederick W. Miil- 
key and E. B. Seabrook. Mr. Laehner did 
not agree with the majority of this commis- 
sion on their method of raising money and 
submitted a minority report in which he con- 
tended that the method as presented in the 
majority report was not legal but a plain 
contradiction of the spirit and intent of the 
constitution of the state of Oregon. His 
scholarly and lucid interpretation of this 
point of law, so vital to the interests of the 
people of Oregon, is entitled to a place in the 
biography of Mr. Laehner and is accordingly 
in part here published. > 

"1 regret that the tax commissioners have 
been unable to agree upon every feature of 
the bill that we are to file with the secretary 
of state. They are of the opinion that state 
taxes ought to be apportioned among the 
counties, based upon their respective expendi- 
tures. I believe that the only right and 
proper way to apportion state taxes is to 
base them upon the valuation of the prop- 
erty in the several counties. 

"For convenience, I will call theirs the 
'new system.' Let us suppose that the state 
mu.st raise a million dollars. Under our 
present system, .losephine county would pay 
ninety-eight hundred dollars, Baker county 
twenty-two thousand one luindred dollars, 
Multnomah county three hundred and thir- 
teen thousand dollars, and Marion county 
fifty-seven thousand one hundred dollars. 
Under the new system Josephine county 
would pay twenty-one thousand three hun- 
dred dollars. Baker county forty-three thou- 
sand dollars, while Multnomah would pay 
two hundred and twenty thousand eight 
hundred dollars, and Marion thirty-nine thou- 
sand dollars. The above is computed from 
the actual statements sent from the various 
county a.ssessors and clerks to the secretary 
of state. They are, therefore, not hypothet- 
ical, but actual figures based upon the every- 
day experience of the various counties of the 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



147 



state. In my judgment they furnish the 
best evidence of the practical superiority 
of our present system over the new system, 
which is not only theoretical but open to 
the other serious criticisms. The question 
naturally arises: -Is the new system con- 
stitutional?' Our constitution provides that 
the legislative assembly shall provide by law 
for uniform and equal rates of assessment 
and taxation and shall prescribe such regula- 
tions as shall secure a just valuation for 
taxation of all property, both real and per- 
sonal. It is apparent, then, that the basis 
of taxation is not only uniformity and 
equality but also a just valuation "of all 
property; and as apportionment is one of 
the necessary steps in the process of tax- 
ation, how can a just valuation be arrived at 
by basing the apportionment upon an arbi- 
trary law such as the new system prescribes? 
If the law contemplates an arbitrary rule, 
such as expenses, as a basis of apportion- 
ment, what would prevent the legislature 
from establishing any other rule as a basis? 
Why not make the basis population? Why 
not make it the number of square miles that 
one county bears to the other counties of the 
state? If the legislature has the power to 
prescribe any rule, however arbitrary and 
unjust, as a basis of apportionment of state 
taxes, there is no limit to the numberless 
methods it may choose. 

"The inquiry naturally presents itself: 'Is 
the assessment or apportionment valid that 
is made under the rule of taxes ba.scd upon 
expenditure, or expenditure as a basis of 
taxation, which are convertible terms?' It 
appears to me that the new system violates 
and ignores the plain language of the con- 
stitution. The question of property and 
property rights does not concern the advo- 
cates of the new system. The sole question 
with them is: 'Tell us how much you spend 
and we will tell you what you shall be taxed.' 
They disregard the growing needs of the 
numberless public improvements of practic- 
ally all the counties of the state. It must 
be remembered that a small county like 
Multnomah, with a dense population in a 
metropolitan city, will not feel the state 
tax under the new system in the same pro- 
portion that a large outside county sparsely 
[lopulated will. The above table clearly il- 
lustrates this fact. One obvious reason of 
this condition lies in the fact that the city 
hears rrany of the burdens that in nn out- 
side, sparsely populated count)-, the roiinty 
necessa.>-ily must bear, and this is where 
the injustice and inequality of the new sys- 
tem is manifest. They forget the usual ex- 
pense of mileage that the outside counties 
must bear and that no measure of economy 
can minimize; and. above all. they lose sight 
of the fact that, as is aptly expressed by 
Professor Walker in his 'Political FCconomy." 
to tax expenditures is to put a penalty upon 
thrift. If a county should purchn»o land 
for a poor farm, they would be penalized 
for exercising a spirit of charity. 

"I understand that the attorney Reneral 
has held that bridges do not come under the 
exemption of roads and highways; therefore. 



if a freshet should wash out a number of 
bridges the state at om-e says: 'Itrbuild 
your bridges if you will, but rvmembcr the 
penaltj- of the law;' and so objections could 
be enumerated ad intinitum. 

"The majority of the board refer to how 
the assessor evades the .lir-..i .-..^h ralue 
basis by undervaluation. sTstem 

provides for subjects of > - It oc- 

curs to me that it is quite us easy for the 
county court to throw into the exrmptt^t 
accounts items that should have gone elw 
where, for county courts, like the assessini; 
oltieers, are made up of the frnlltii-s of 
human life and human weakness, not among 
the least of which may b<> mentioned the 
desire to evade taxation. Further, if their 
theory is a good one, why not alto rain* 
county, city, school district and, in fart, all 
taxes based upon expenditures? They iihould 
ignore property ami prop«-rty right* alto- 
gether and instead have the a««<'«"iir (fo Io 
the taxpayer and, under oath, in 'ii^r 

way that may apix^ir ample, i. to 

give the assessor an itemirecl .>i,,i. i,i. : i o( 
his annual expcnditiire, and if thi- r\|»-ndl- 
ture account should consume hit nitirr as- 
sets, he nevertheless must Iw assesseil, and 
if he had real estate and dispoieil of it and 
used up the proeeeils of the sole by some 
provision of the law the tax should be<-ora<' 
a lien on the land; but I do not care to 
])ursue this inquiry further. 

"The property tax has Ix'en a thinR of 
growth these two centuries past, and m re- 
viewing its history one cannot '■• !■■ '"'• bo 
imiire.fsed with the uniformity ■ •■ th 

and development, and the pni !"n 

which it is based is the main ren.»on vi it* 
growth and adoption by every state in the 
Union. While it may' have bt-en mo.imed 
to meet the changing eonilitions of the limr*, 
its basic principle— valuation h«» remained 
unchanged. 

"I believe that all t >- ' ' ' ' ' •«> 

and apportioned in |'i '• 

of the property of *" 

the other counties of the stale. Il w th« 
practical way. and while it may hr •ub 
ject to more or less crifiri«m from the«rt«U 
and writers up<m toxnlinn. it >• n.-«pr«Ke- 
less, the U-st system in | • ■ ■"> 

in this country todoy: »' ' *>• 

people of this »' ' 
present system, 
who pnyn tti' ' 
lieve in let' 

.Mr. I.a.hi. 
to .ludge liean <>t til 
uiihelil in all it' r "" '** 

of time hn-< ''' 

umph in tl '' 

remain a ni ■ " '" *'" 

tornev and 
slrv ' 
f.- 
ol! 
>!■ 
an 

i, vet '•• "'« I"**' "■•"■I »♦ ' 

guaVani' <-iti«en« of Itakrr and Io 

the peopU of the aUte of t>rejton that b* 



■If 



■ m'* trd 



a* a eon- 

n Aa nf- 



f» 



148 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



is a man born to usefulness in public serv- 
ice; and whatever the future may hold of 
honorable service to be rendered by him in 
the interests of the people, it is the con- 
sensus of public opinion at present that any 
place of public trust requiring the weighty 
responsibilities of administrative government 
will find in Mr. Lachner a learned, honest 
and capable citizen. He is exalted ruler of 
Baker Lodge, No. 33S, B. P. 0. E. 

On the 13th of November, 1S9S, at Boise, 
Idaho, Mr. Lachner was united in marriage 
to Miss Ida N. Tribolet, a daughter of Jacob 
and Samantha Tribolet, of Upper Sandusky, 
Ohio. They now have a little daughter, 
Gertrude Elizabeth, born September 17, 1907. 

BRADFORD HUNSAKER is a retired 
farmer, living in Baker. He was long con- 
nected with agricultural interests in east- 
ern Oregon and previously had resided in 
the western portion of the state, being num- 
bered among the pioneers of 1853. He re- 
lates many interesting incidents and tales 
of the early days and his memory forms a 
connecting link between the primitive past 
and progressive present. He was born in 
Adams county, Illinois, August 15, 1833, and 
is, therefore, eighty years of age. He comes 
of German ancestry in the paternal line, his 
grandfather having been a native of Ger- 
many, whence he made his way to the new 
world. His parents, John and Annie Hun- 
sakcr, were farming people, who lived at 
different times in Illinois and Missouri. 
There were ten children, four sons and six 
daughters, in the family but only three 
are now living, Andrew, Bradford and John, 
all of whom married and have lived to cele- 
brate their golden weddings — a remarkable 
record. 

Bradford Hunsaker acquired his education 
in the district schools of his native county 
and came to Oregon when in his twenty- 
first year. He first engaged in the sawmill 
business in this state and later in farming 
and at different times followed blacksmith- 
ing and carpentering. It was on the 11th 
of" April, 1852, that he crossed the Missis- 
sippi river at Quincy, en route for the north- 
west, and drove across the state of Mis- 
souri to St. Joseph, crossing the Missouri 
river at Savannah, about twelve miles above 
St. Joseph. He traveled in a train consist- 
ing of from twelve to fourteen wagons and 
lunnbering at least fifty people, the cap- 
tain of the train being Joseph Hunsaker, 
a first cousin of Bradford Hunsaker. From 
the Missouri river they practically followed 
the old emigrant road to the Platte river 
and through the South Pass. At the Soda 
Springs on Bear river they took the Oregon 
road and proceeded to Fort Hall on the 
Snake river. They then traveled on the 
south side of that river until they reached 
Farwell Bend, after which they crossed the 
divide and reached Burnt river, where the 
town of Huntington now stands, on the 15th 
of August, 1852, the twentieth anniversary 
of Mr. Hunsaker's birth. On the entire trip 
they had no trouble with the Indians, but 
lost three of their number — a child, a young 



man and a young woman. The young man 
was supposed to have died of cholera and 
Mr. Hunsaker and another man of the party 
were the only ones who would bury him 
because of the disease. They never had any 
fear of the red men, never stood guard over 
the stock or camp at night and when In- 
dians would visit the camp for food it was 
always given them, peaceful relations being 
thus maintained. From Huntington the 
party proceeded up Burnt river and crossed 
over to Powder river valley, going thence 
to the Grande Ronde valley where tlie old 
town of La Grande stands. Tliey next 
crossed the Blue mountains to the Umatilla 
river and on over the old emigrant road, 
across the John Day and the Des Shutes riv- 
ers to The Dalles. At that point wagons, 
goods and the families were loaded on large 
scows which proceeded down the Columbia 
to the Cascades. It was necessary to port- 
age over and then again board the scows 
which proceeded to Big Sandy. Mr. Hun- 
saker was one of the number who drove the 
stock from The Dalles down the trail to the 
Cascades where the stock was ferried over 
to the Washington side and then driven down 
to the Columbia river bottoms across from 
Big Sandy, at which point they were again 
ferried over to the Oregon side. From that 
point the party proceeded to Oregon City 
where they arrived September 24, 1852. 
Bradford Hunsaker then went into Wash- 
ington on the Wasliougal, where he engaged 
in the saw milling business. In 1855 he 
secured a donation land claim of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres in Clarke county, 
Washington, and resided thereon for about 
eighteen years, during which time he engaged 
in raising stock and in farming. After leav- 
ing there he removed to eastern Oregon and 
settled in Baker county where he has since 
lived, making farming and stock-raising his 
principal business. While he is practically 
living retired now he has good holdings from 
which he derives a substantial annual in- 
come. 

All of the phases of pioneer life are fam- 
iliar to Mr. Hunsaker and he has gone 
through many of the experiences which are 
features in the development of any coun- 
try. He served in the Indian war of 1855-6, 
becoming a member of Captain Strong's com- 
pany with which he enlisted at Vancouver. 
He served for three months, being stationed 
on guard duty at The Dalles, and he is now 
drawing a pension of eight dollars per month 
as a veteran of the Indian wars. The only 
office that he has ever held is that of road 
supervisor, serving for a number of years, 
beginning in 1860 in Clarke county, Washing- 
ton. He has always given his political al- 
legiance to the democratic party but has 
never been an office seeker. When eighteen 
years of age he joined the Dunkards In 
Adams county, Illinois, and as there was 
no church of that denomination near his home 
in the northwest he became identified with 
the Baptist church here. 

In Clarke county, Washington, about fif- 
teen miles east of Vancouver. Mr. Hunsaker 
was married to Maria Stice. the daughter of 




i;i;aI)F(ii;ii lU n.- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



\:a 



Peter Stice, who was a chair maker of Van- 
couver and the first to take up the business 
in that place. Her brother, Peter J. Stice, 
served in the Indian war of 1855-6 under 
Colonel Shaw and ten or twelve years later 
was drowned in the Willamette river at 
Portland in an efl'ort to rescue two ladies 
who had capsized their little boat. All three, 
however, were drowned. Mrs. Uunsaker had 
four sislers. Mrs. William MotTet, Mrs. Rob- 
ert Rocket and Mrs. G. W. Hart, are now 
deceased. The youngest was the wife of 
George Parker and her second husband was 
a show man who fell from a trapeze and 
was killed. Her third husband's name was 
Whitlock. Mrs Whitlock became very Heshy, 
weighing seven hundred and twenty pounds 
and was in Barnum's museum for a time. 
She was also a snake charmer and handled 
rattlesnakes without any fear. Unto Mr. 
and jMrs. Hunsaker were born six children, 
namely: Francis Marion, born September 15. 
1855;"Hulda Catherine, born February 17. 
1857; Malinda Jane, born July 12. ISGO; 
Mary Lucinda. born December 2, 1862; Wil- 
liam" Sylvester, born Jlay 11, 1865, and 
Anna Elizabeth, born June 27, 1868. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hunsaker hail twenty grandchil- 
dren and seven great-grandchildren. They 
lived to celebrate their golden wedding 
and two years later Mrs. Hunsaker passed 
away, August 16, 1906, after having trav- 
eled" life's journey together for fifty-two 
years, seven months and four days. For 
many years she had been a member of the 
Universalist church. Mr. Hunsaker is well 
known as an honored pioneer settler of both 
eastern and western Oregon. The active and 
useful life that he has led is now being 
crowned with a well earned rest. He ha.-' 
contributed much to the early development 
and progress of the communities in which 
he resided and those who have known liim 
hold him in high regard. He can remember 
a time when the site of Portland was largely 
covered with a dense growth of pine trees 
and when only here and there had a family 
settlement been made in the Willamette val- 
ley, while eastern Oregon was an undeveloped 
wililerness. lie has lived to see great changes 
and can tell most interesting tales of pioneer 
life on both the eastern and western slop*- 
of the Cascades. 

WILLIAM T. THOMASON. a well known 
farmer who is also engaged in the raising of 
standard bred horses, was born in Taylor 
county, Iowa. January 16. 1878. a son of 
John J. and Cynthia C. (Kinnick) Thomason. 
The father w"as born in Tennessee on the 
6th of June. 1837, and the mother in In- 
diana in September. 1848, an.l they \vere 
united in marriage in Iowa. Responding to 
the call of greater opportunities on the Pa- 
cific coast. John J. Thomason, in 1888, came 
with his family to Oregon, where he took 
up a government claim which he yet owns 
and upon which he and his wife still reside. 

Their son. William T. Thomason. remained 
under the parental roof until he was twenty 
four years of age. when he took up farming 
pursuits on his own account. He purcha.Hed 
Vol. II— 7 



eighty acres of land which he carefully cul- 
tivated and well improved, bringing the «ame 
to a high state of productivity, and he now 
makes his home thereon. 

Mr. Thomason was married on the lOtU 
of June, 1903, to Miss Addie I. Uehan, of 
Baker county, Oregon, and to this union «ix 
children Were born, lour of wliom are still 
living, namely: Klton, whose birth occurred 
on the 1st of August, 1904; Frances, Iwrn 
on the 9th of April, 1906; Cynthia. l>om 
March 9, 1908; and I.eora, born .March 4, 
1910. The first born. Hazel, born April 3, 
1903, died at the age of five years, and the 
youngest passed away at the time of birth. 

Fraternally Mr. Thomason is a raemlnT 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellowii and 
through his business connections and hi« 
fraternal relations he has surronmled hinnielf 
with a large circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances who greatly respect him. He is a care- 
ful man of business,— a close obdorvcr. 
tlioughtfvil. considerate, prudent and ju»t In 
all of his dealings, and possesses all tliuae 
traits which make for a successful and hon- 
orable btisiness career. 

ERNEST U. LEE. On the list of Eugene V 
leading business men ap|)oar8 the name of 
Ernest C. Lee. who is cashier of the .Mer- 
chants Bank. He is popular and progreiwiye, 
possesses the tact and resourcefulness neces- 
sary for the capable bank cashier and com- 
bines with these qualities the business ability 
that enables him to carefully safeguard the 
interests of the institution which he repre- 
sents. He was born in Klamath county, 
Oregon. December 25. 1868, his parents be- 
ing Dr. Xorman L. and Araainla M. ((!rigg») 
I.ee. His grandfather, PhilastiT l.<-e, won • 
native of western Xew York and. making the 
long journey across the plains, aceom|>anied 
by his family, he settled near Gor^-oi». Ore- 
gon. Subsequently he settled nt Soda 
Springs, whore he followed the occniiotion o( 
farming. lie was also one of the early 
nurserymen of this part of the stole and 
became a pioneer in an iinluslry that of 
fruit culture —which is now one of the Itn 
portant sources of Oregon's revenue. The 
niatennil grandfather. .\ly II. GriggK. wan 
also numbered among the early piettliTii. roro 
ing from Illinois in 1S.".2. Dr. I.ee Wtt« born 
in Illinois before tin- family came to the 
west anil is now nevenlyni^ vear» of aije. 
He read medieiiie nmler t ' *i"n 

for a time ami afterwanl i Ha 

niette CniviTsity, from \> >d- 

inited. He tlieii Incnti-d ' I'y. 

where In- has since pru. I ' •"tf* 

to the Masonic (rnfernlly and to tb« In- 
dependent Ordi-r of iidd' Fellows, and e«- 
emplillis in his life the beneficent apirlt of 
those organizfttions. 

Ernest I'. ^A'l• »n- '' 'die 

schools of Junction ' ■injr 

nsifle his t ' ' ' » 111 a 

dniB stori- ''art in 

the bnsin.-- • 'ch wa,« 

his experii-nce tlial he •-• i phar- 

macv of his own and fi'i • «r« waa 

engaged in the itrng Imsineiw prior to IWH, 



152 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



\\hen he came to Kugeiie to fill the office 
of clerk of Lane county, to which he had 
been elected on the republican ticket. He had 
previously had some experience in public 
office, having served on the school board and 
as a member of the city council of Junction 
City. He filled the office of county clerk until 
the 1st of January. I'JIO, and became cashier 
of the Merchants Bank in March, 1911. His 
wide acquaintance, his previous business ex- 
perience along varied lines and his natural 
ability all qualify him for the duties that 
devolve upon him in his present connection. 

Mr. Lee is also well known as a public 
official for he is now serving as a mem- 
ber of the Eugene school board and as 
secretary of the water board. His coopera- 
tion can be counted upon to further any 
progressive public measure and his efforts 
are always efl'ective forces toward tlie ac- 
complishment of the end desired. 

In 1889 Mr. Lee was married to Miss 
Bertha K. Washburne, of Junction City, a 
daughter of Charles \V. Washburne, who is 
an old pioneer of this state, now eighty- 
six years of age. Jlr. and Mrs. Lee liavo 
two children, Croesus and Roy W. Mr. Lee 
belongs to Oasis Lodge, No. 41, L 0. O. F., 
of Junction City, of which he is a past grand. 
and to Wimawhala Encampment, No. 6. of 
Eugene. He also holds membership in Hel- 
met Lodge, No. 33, K. P.; Eugene Lodge, No. 
15, A. O. U. W., of which he is a past master 
workman; Ivy Lodge. No. 70, of the degree 
of Honor; and to the Grand Lodge of Work- 
men. He stands for tliose things which 
he regards as progressive forces in business 
and in public life and at all times is actu- 
ated by a desire for improvement and ad- 
vancement. 

J. T. BROWN, postmaster of rendleton. 
has been a resident of Oregon since 1870, 
when he crossed the plains witli his parents 
by team. He was then a lad cf but six 
years, his birth having occurred in Bates 
county, Missouri, in .January. 1870. His 
parenfs were David and Clara (Pence) 
Brown, both of whom were natives of Ohio, 
where they were reared and married. Sub- 
sequently they removed to Illinois and in 
1868 became residents of Missouri, where 
they remained until 1876, when they came 
to Umatilla county, Oregon, settling nine 
nules northeast of Pendleton. The father 
entered three hundred and twenty acres of 
land, on which not a fiu-row had been turned 
nor an improvement made, but with char- 
acteristic energy he began its development 
and continued its cultivation for sixteen 
years. Both he and his wife passed away 
in Pendleton, the former dying in 1894 and 
the latter in 1896, when sixty-six years of 
age. Mr. Brown had devoted his entire 
life to farming and was closely associated 
with the agricultural development of LTnui- 
tilla county at an early day. His political 
allegiance was given to the republican party 
which found in him a very stanch supporter. 
The family numbered six sons and two 
daughters: Jefferson, who died in Walla 
Walla, Washington; Frank, a resident of 



Portland; Martha, the wife of George Bu- 
zan, living in Pendleton; John, who died in 
boyhood ; Gideon R., whose home is in Pen- 
dleton; Elizabeth, who is the widow of L. 
E. Hiatt, and resides in Pendleton; R. T., 
who is deputy county clerk; and J. T., who is 
a twin brother of R. T. 

The usual experiences of flic farm lad 
came to J. T. Brown in his boyhood and 
youth. He acquired his education in the 
schools of Pendleton and resided with his 
parents until 1891. He afterward engaged 
in general farming for three years and then 
from 1894 until 1897 was engaged in the 
stock business. In the latter year he ac- 
cepted the superintendency of the Pendleton 
waterworks, in wliich position he continued 
until the 1st of July, 1900, when lie was 
appointed postmaster and entered upon the 
duties of his present position, in which he 
is now serving for the second term. His 
administration of the office is of a most 
practical and progressive character. Every- 
thing is done with promptness and dispatch 
and the service rendered to the public in this 
connection is most satisfactory. Since his 
appointment as postmaster he has served 
as a member of the Pendleton water commis- 
sion and he has likewise been a member of 
the board of education for the past three 
years. His labors whether in office or out 
of it constitute an effective force for prog- 
ress and improvement along various lines 
relating to the welfare and upbuilding of his 
comnuinity. His political support is given 
to the republican party, with which he has 
been allied since age conferred upon him 
the right of franchise. 

In 1897 Mr. Brown was united in marriage 
to Miss Mattie Elgin, of Pendleton, a daugh- 
ter of G. T. and Emma Elgin. They have 
become parents of two children, Clell G. and 
Juanita, aged respectively thirteen and five 
years. They reside at No. 201 Lincoln street 
and have a wide acquaintance in Pendleton, 
while the hospitality of the best homes of 
the city is freely accorded them. Mr. Brown 
belongs to the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and is held in high esteem by his 
brethren of that fraternity. His worth is 
widely acknowledged in every connection in 
which his activities have been exerted. He 
has been found to be alert, reliable, enter- 
prising and progressive in business, loyal in 
citizenship and devoted to his family and 
friends. Moreover, he is numbered among 
the pioneer residents of this part of the 
state, where for about thirty-five .years he 
has made his home. 

AliTHUR OLIVER. One of the highly 
cultivated and well kept ranches of Baker 
county is that of Arthur Oliver, who owns 
five hundred and twenty acres of land in 
the vicinity of Keating, where he has been 
successfully engaged in general farming and 
stock-raising for more than twenty years. 
He is a native of Oregon, his birth having 
occurred in Union county on the 5th of 
July, 1866, and a son of' H. W. and Julia 
(McCaleb) Oliver. The parents crossed the 
plains to Oregon in a wagon with an ox 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREtiON 



153 



team in 18G4, ciiduiing all of tlie liaidsliips 
and privations incident to the long journey. 
Upon their arrival thi- father tiled on a 
homestead in L'nion loiinty and there he 
and tlie mother passed the remainder of 
their lives. 

Keared on the ranch wliere \\v was born, 
the boyhood and youtli of Arthur t'livcr wiTi- 
passed in a manner very similar to those 
of other lads in pioneer settlements. Jlc 
received but a limited education and early 
began to assist his father with the work of 
the fields and care of the stock. At the 
age of twenty one he left the parental roof 
and buying a ranch began his independent 
career as a stockman and agriculturist. He 
subsequently sold his place and took up 
some land that formed the nucleus of his 
present homestead. He has since added to 
his holdings and now owns five hundred and 
twenty acres of excellent land, a large por- 
tion of which is under higli cultivation. 
Mr. Oliver devotes his fields almost en- 
tirely to cereals such as are suitable for 
the feeding of stock, as he makes a spe- 
cialty of raising cattle and also has a tine 
herd of horses. He is a man of good judg- 
ment, practical in his methods and tireless 
in his efforts and as a result has prospered 
in his undertakings. At various times he 
has improved his ranch by installing thereon 
such conveniences and implements as are 
consistent with the spirit of progress he 
has always manifested in his undertakings. 
He has "a comfortable residence and sub- 
stantially constructed barns and outbuild- 
ings that aflford ample shelter for his stock 
and grain, and everything about his place 
suggests intelligent supervision and capable 
management. 

On the 4th of July, 1888, Mr. Oliver was 
united in marriage to Miss Rosa Brown, 
and they liave become the parents of four 
children," all of whom are still at home. In 
order of birth they arc, Reba, Jay, Leland 
and Frances. 

The political support of Mr. Oliver is 
given to the democratic party and he has 
served as school director for three terms. 
He is one of the progressive, enterprising 
men of his comnninity and is held in high 
esteem by all wlio know bini, as he has mani- 
fested those (lualities that entitle him to 
the confidence and respect of his fellow cit- 
izens. 

CHARLES A. DALZELL, secretary-treai 
urer of the Klniira Lumlier Company of Eu- 
gene, in which connection he has been active 
in developing a business that has now reached 
extensive and profitable proportions, hnn 
made his home in Uine county since 1907. 
He is well known in connection with timber 
and lumber interests throughout the »tntr 
and his experience and knowledge are »"ch 
as to make his opinions largely accepted n' 
authoritv on matters relating thereto. He 
was born in Monmouth. Wurren county. Mil 
nois, December l.t. 1^58. and is n wn of lo 
seph and Eliza (Connor i Dalzell. Ui* pa 
ternal gramlparents were from rittMuirgh. 
Pennsvlvania, and the mnternnl grandpar- 



ents from Washington county in Ihe unae 
state. In 183u his grandfather. Samuel Con- 
nor, emigrated westward to lllinoi*. Jo*cph 
Dalzell spent all his life from early youth 
upon a farm near Monmouth, illinoit' bccum- 
ing well known in connection with the agri- 
cultural interests in this part of the .late. 

Charles A. Ualzell purxuol hi.H education 
in the public schiMds of Warren county, 
Illinois, and in a busineis rolle);e there and 
afterward went to Davenport. Iowa, in l><SO 
He continue<l a resident of that city for 
twenty-one year-., or until I'JOl, when he 
came westward to Oregon, settling llr»t in 
Portland, where he was connected with Ihr 
Spicer-I)al/.ell Milling Company un itn man 
ager. In rjl)7 he came lo Kiigene with thit 
company and through the [lait t'l^ 
has been closely associated Willi 111' 

interests bf this city. The Kliiiira . 

Company, of which he is now secretary- 
treasurer, is the outgrowth of a l>uiiinm« 
which was established at Elmira, OrvRnn, 
in 1900 by J. W. Waltern and hi* non. .V 
tivities were condiicteil along lioth whole 
sale and retail lines and the liiiainp.<i •till 
retains that character. They yet have a 
mill at Klmira, where forty jieople are em 
ployed. In I'JOT the company wa« incorpii 
rated under its present name, with F. ('. 
Walters as president and CImrles A. DaUrll 
as secretary-treasurer. In that year thry 
opened a liimlieryaril at Kugi-iie and anothrr 
at Irving for the conduct of the retail 
branch of the business an<l in Nith plarr« 
their sales have reached a gratifying an 
iiual figure. The company has alnnit twenty 
nine hundred acres of tinilN>r land ami nianu 
factures all building iiialeriaN. tlieir i.iitiiut 
amounting to alioiit six million feet aiiiiiially 
They ship to California and to I'tah and 
they arc now building a small mill on Ihr 
Noti where the new railroad i» Ix'ing e.in 
stnicted. The bnsineiw is now liring dr 
vclope<l along practical and siibolantial line* 
and gratifying results are attained. 

In 188s' Mr. Dalrell wnn im ' ' '»r 
riage to Miss Craee Smith. • of 

II. H. Smith, of DaveniM.rt, I 

have one son, Handil .\ldrn. who !• 

ate of the Cniversity of lir..-.ri .f 

of I'JIO, and is now uta'- ■ of th* 

Young .Men's Chriilian .\ ■'' •*"■ 

gon and Idaho. The par- 

are memlM-rs of the l'r"«l 

are much n 

Mr. Dalzell 



i.|..,i. 

ever I ••" 

e,t re., '•'" 

and unaaiwilablc buaionw tn4»gnt.v 

DANIEL M. KELLY i« wrll known in it.e 
busines. I ir. Iiw ..f lUkrr ax a rieairr m agn 

cultural im|d. mrnl« an. I at ■!-" itrm 

ho has engajfe.l in hl«rk«ini' in 

_., 1 , 1 m, ,,,„,. I of 

.,. xrr ron 

.... ■ ■■• Kr ha* 



■chK-Ted. He ha* prartmillx b»»o a lift- 



154 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



long resident of America and yet his birth 
occurred in County Cork, Ireland, March 20, 
1852, his parents being Patrick and Mar- 
garet (Murphy) Kelly. He traces his an- 
cestry back to St. Patrick's time. In 1853 
the pai-ents sailed for America, landing at 
New Orleans, Louisiana, where they remained 
for six months and then went to Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1S59 they removed to the terri- 
tory of Kansas and in 1860 became residents 
of Clay county, Missouri, but afterward re- 
turned to Kansas and later went to Texas. 
Subsequently they once more became resi- 
dents of the Sunflower state and when they 
again left that region they settled in Cali- 
fornia, whence they removed to Baker 
county, Oregon, in 1S77. After a year had 
passed they took up their abode in Salem, 
Oregon, where the mother died in 1903 at 
the advanced age of eighty-four years. Im- 
mediately after her death the father went 
to South Africa but later returned to this 
state and died in Portland in 1907, at the 
age of ninety-two years. He remained a 
very active man to the last. In his youth- 
ful days he had entered the English navy 
as a cabin boy and was connected with that 
branch of the service until twenty-one years 
of age. He was married when about forty 
years of age and immediately afterward 
came to the United States. Although he fol- 
lowed railroading during the greater part 
of his life he was engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness in Colorado. Unto him and his wife 
were born live sons and four daughters, and 
of this family six lived to adult age and three 
daughters and two sons yet survive. 

Daniel M. Kelly remained with his parents 
until 1866, when he began driving a scraper 
in connection with the construction of a rail- 
road from Kansas City to Sherman, Texas. 
Later he purchased a team of mules and en- 
gaged in freighting out of Kansas City and 
Sherman, Texas, for about three years. He 
was with the Te.xas rangers for a year before 
he began teaming and freighting in 1873. 
The succeeding two years were devoted to 
teaming and farming in the vicinity of Kan- 
sas City and in the spring of 1875 he started 
for California, where he resided for five or 
six years, superintending Chinamen who were 
■employed on the railroads. He next worked 
in the harvest fields and afterward learned 
the blacksmith's trade. In the winter of 
1S79 he went to the mines of Leadville, Colo- 
rado, and while there joined the Guards who 
for six months were protecting- the Denver 
& Rio (irande Railroad during .the labor 
troubles. He then established a blacksmith 
shop but later went upon the police force of 
Pueblo. He also filled the ofhce of deputy 
sheriff in Pueblo county until the 1st of 
July, 1S85, when he came to Baker. Here 
lie has since resided and during the greater 
part of the time has carried on blacksmith- 
ing. He ran a shop for three years and 
afterward conducted a livery stable for a 
j'ear ami a saloon for a similar period. He 
also engaged in shipping horses for two 
years but since that period has carried on 
blacksmithing and the implement business. 
Jn May, 1907, he erected the Kelly Implement 



House on Main street, a one story and base- 
ment stone structure which is ninety-one 
by one hundred and two feet. In this con- 
nection he has built up a gratifying trade 
and he is also interested in mining and in 
coal oil. His life has been a very busy 
and a very active one and whatever success 
he has achieved is the reward of his persist- 
ent, earnest labors. 

On the 34th of February, 1881, in Pueblo, 
Colorado, Mr. Kelly was married to Misa 
Mary Shannon, who was born in New Hamp- 
shire in 1863 and is of Irish descent, her 
parents being Patrick and Mary Shannon. 
Her father died in Colorado in 1911 and her 
mother passed away in that state in 1907. 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Kelly have been born 
five children. Mary, the eldest, is the wife 
of William Hanson, of Portland. Daniel J., 
also of Portland, where he is foreman for the 
Warren Construction Company, holds the 
world's record for one hundred-yard dash and 
two hundred and twenty-yard dash, and also 
the American record for Ijroad jumping. He 
«'on the world's record at Spokane, Washing- 
ton, .June 33, 1906, and also made hfs record 
for broad jump the same day. He has about 
one hundred medals gained in athletic con- 
tests, but he broke a tendon in his leg while 
trying-out in Philadelphia for the Olympic 
games at London. However he was taken 
to London and notwithstanding his injury 
won second place in the world's contest for 
broad jump. His athletic prowess was de- 
veloped in Baker. The three younger chil- 
dren of the family, Leo, William and Helen, 
are all yet at home. 

Mr. Kelly is a prominent democrat and a 
recognized leader of his party. He has at- 
tended every democratic state convention for 
twenty years and was one of his party's 
candidates for sheriff. He served for three 
terms as a member of the city council of 
Baker and has also been a member of the 
water commission. He organized the fire de- 
partment of Baker, became its fust chief 
and continued in that position for ten years. 
He had previously served as chief of the 
fire department at Pueblo, Colorado, for five 
years and was captain and had charge of the 
fastest hose team in the world at that time. 
They made two hundred yards or six hun- 
dred feet with hose-cart, drawn by eleven 
men, in twenty-two seconds after starting, 
Mr. Kelly is a conuuunicant of the Catholic 
church and he holds membership with the 
Knights of Columbus, the Benevolent Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, the Woodmen of the 
World, the United Workmen and the Com- 
mercial Club. He is held in high esteem 
wherever known because of his fidelity to the 
trust reposed in him and because of his 
active, helpful service in public life. 

LEWIS CASS ROGERS, whose death oc- 
curred October 5, 1901, was born in Yamhill 
county, Oregon, in March, 1850, a son of 
Barry and Lucetta Rogers. When he was 
but a child his parents died and he was 
reared by relatives until he was old enough 
to earn his own livelihood. He attended the 
public scliools for a few years but engaged 




MK. AM) NIKS. I.KWIS C. KlMiKHN 



THE NEW rwKK r. 
PUBLIC U-IR'RY 



MTOR, L! 
IUMEN FOi 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKY OF UUEciON 



157 



as a farm hand wlicnever he was not engaged 
with his text -books. He was thus employed 
until he was old enough to accept a position 
as sheep driver with various men who dealt 
in sheep in Oregon. California and Xevada. 
After working as such for several veal's he 
became independent, removing to the ranch 
upon which lie resided at tlie time of his 
death and entering upon the stock business. 
He devoted his attention principally to rais- 
ing horses and cattle and in both of thee 
lines he engaged extensively. When he 
started in the business he had but forty acres 
but at the time of his death the farm com- 
prised four hundred and eighty acres, all of 
which had been brought under a high state 
of cultivation. The industry, energy and 
perseverance which he displayed in the con- 
duct of his alfairs were salient elements in 
the acquirement of a competency which made 
it possible for him to leave liis family in com- 
fortable <ircumstances when he wa< called to 
his final rest after almost thirty years' con- 
nection with the agricultural interests of 
I'matilla county. 

In 1S72. one year before he purchased his 
ranch. Mr. Rogers was married to Miss Caro- 
line E. Sitton. of Yamhill county, whose birth 
occurred October 21. 1S51. and who is a 
daughter of N. K. and Priscilla (Rogers) 
Sitton. The father's birth occurred in .Mi* 
souri. September 2. 1S2.5. and the mother was 
born in Indiana. October 2T. 1829. Mr. Sit- 
ton camp to Oregon in 184^! and located on 
what afterward became his donation land 
claim, five miles north of AIcMinnville. He 
resided there until the time of his death on 
the 10th of .luly. 1902. The mother re- 
moved to Yamhill county with her parents in 
1846. Her death occurred -lune 22. isfiil. 
They were married in 1847 and to them five 
sons and four daughters were born. Two of 
the daughters died in infancy and four of 
the sons and Mrs. Rogers are the only sur^■iv- 
ing members. By a subsequent marriage Mr. 
Sitton had three daughters and two sons. 
Mr. Sitton was popularly known throughout 
the county among his many friends and ac- 
quaintances by the endearing term of "rncle 
T)oc.'' For some time he was employed by 
the Hudson's Bay Company when lie lirst 
came here. His simple mndes of- living well 
adapted him for the life in a pioneer country 
for it is said that if he had boiled wheat his 
meal was complete. He came from Missouri 
with Charles E. Fendall. a well educated man. 
For some time they lived together and Inter 
married two sisters.' Mrs. IJogers attended the 
country scho<ds until 1 ■*•>;'.. when she entered 
a convent in Salem. In ISfirt and ISfiT "he 
was a student at the Baptiit College of Mc 
Minnville and afterward was engaged in 
teaching for two terms. Sinci- the death of 
her husband she has rented the greater part 
of the ranch, which is proviiled with two 
substantial dwellings for residence use. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Rogers eight children were 
born: Edward, who makes his home in Mc- 
Minnville; Harry, who is residing near Echo; 
Judd, who resides on Willow creek; Fields. 
who was born in 1882 and died in 1905: Dixie, 
the wife of Claude Oliver, of Buhl. Id»ho; 
Lucille, who liecame the wife of Albert Oil- 



lette; Neva, who nuirriid lUrold IWttinjjer. 
of Portland: and I)".-, at Imiin-. 

His long iilentilicatiiin «ith !'■ ■'••irml 

interests of I'matilla county > Mr. 

Roficrs well known amonL- i .of 

the district in which he r^ i ith 

whom he had any rehiti. ; for 

him the highest regar.l an,l e»U.Mi. II.- had 
always In-en an independent and thinivhlftil 
observer and in the course of ■ ' 
had gaineil a great deal of kn 
is not fouml in b<iok->. He Wii-. .n, i. i. .■•,, 
ing talker and genial Imst and few im-n ill 
this part of the state were In-tter infurmrd 
as to the early days nor could any man rr 
late more vividly the story of pioneer times. 
Because of his extensive reading, which he 
constantly kept up. he was well inforine<l 
upon various lines of thought and u|xin thr 
is-*ues of the day. .Vlthoiigh Mrs. Roger* i» 

over sixty years of age sin- sti" • • 

siipervi-iion to hi-r tiii~iiic-s int 

the ranch which is yet in her j 

proving capable and suecensful in the rondurl 

of her alTairs. 



MICHAEL SCHNEIDER. P. 



life 



history in this vojiinx' i- a IhI' ■ of 

what is iiieani by the leriii .■ ••n iiidde 
man." for Michael Schneider ha* been de 
pendent upon his own resources from an 
early age and the eX[H'rience» of hi« life 
have called forth and develop«-d the strong- 
est and best in him. He has bravely en- 
dured the toil and hardships incident to 
pioneer life as such and is now ju.stly en- 
titled to the comforts which the reward* 
of his energy, industry and thrift enoble him 
to enjoy. For a long periixl he »»« con 
nected with general agriciiltiirol pur«iiil« in 
Lane county but is now living retired. 

Mr. Schneider was born near Ilingen iin- 
the-Rhine, Cermany. in ix.'>2. and in hi* 
youth became connected with coal mining. 
When he was twenty years of «!;•• his par- 
ents with their family cano- I" .\iii.-rir«. 
settling first in Brucf enmity, nnl.i 
ada. From that plac- Mi.hael 
went to North Dakota and '•'-' 
with till- pionerr si-tller* of " 
in the 'TOs, Ix-ing on- '■' ''• 
in that district. Tli. i '•"« 

many, many miles. fo' 

the windows of his li>v ' .v mile* 

on his bock ond he cut - ' "' ••»«' 

oak timber to r>H>f his li" 
living in that loealilv hi' 
onel Woii/er in ' 

|M-g and 111- nir ■■« 

gaging in lli" '"■' 

borley. There ) 
teen years and ■ 

w hern h«- Iw'giin r.' ' W*- I«»**im1 

that th" soil and ri »i»ri- •H«pl«"l 

lo horticultural - 
added ♦« hi* •■ 



.\i-.Mr ,. 
SrhlK-ld'T ' 

farming. Ii. . , , ' 

n sratifyinK and rabaiantial income. 



' ion. 

t),.. 



158 



THE CKXTKXXIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



(In April 1!), ISSI. Mr. Scliiicick-r was unit- 
cil in marriage to Miss Elizalictli Kastor. nf 
]!ruce county, Ontario, and tliey are now well 
known in Eugene, where they have many 
friends. Mr. Selmeider holds membership 
with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks 
imd the Knights of Columbus. He is a 
public-spirited man. active in his pfl'orts to 
sui)port measures of good citizenship, is rec- 
ognized as a man of sound judgment and 
has many sterling (jualities which have won 
him high regard. Sucli has been his activitj' 
and enterprise in business that at the age 
of si.xty years he is living retired and it is 
to be hoped that he has many vigorous years 
yet before him in which Eugene may num- 
ber him among her representative .and valued 
citizens. 

JULIUS A. CHURCHILL. For nearly a 
<|uarter of a century, without interruption. 
Julius A. Churchill has held the responsible 
position of superintendent of city schools nf 
Baker City. Such a record as this is without 
parallel in the state of Oregon, and few men 
in public life succeed in keeping abiea^t of 
the times to such a degree as to enable tliem 
to maintain any single position in the public 
service of the people for a period of time 
so extended as Mr. Churchill has been able to 
do. Emerson tells us that he who chooses 
for his life work the vocation which a])peals 
to his heart not only enjoys his work but 
succeeds in that better accomplishment of 
rendering the higliest service to liis race. ilr. 
ClLurchill wisely prepared himself for educa- 
tional labors and soon found that his scho- 
latic rpialifications and tem[ieraniental adaj)!- 
ability for the work of an educator were 
recognized by the public, who accordingly 
opened the door which enal)Ied him to enter 
upini his work as principal of the high school 
at Baker City. Here he has during the last 
twenty years so successfully devoted his en- 
tire time and talents to the jierfecting of a 
system of public instrui'tion in the schools 
that the high standard of educational work 
attained holds the first position in the 
schools of Oregon, ilr. Churchill was born 
in Lima. Allen c<mnty, Ohio, on the 14th of 
October. 1863, his jiarents being .Julius and 
I.ucinda (Saint) Churchill, who are likewise 
natives of the Buckeye state. The father 
has retired from business. His children were 
six in number and. with the exception of 
one. are still living. Laiu'a is the widow of 
Charles il. .\lelhoin. by whom she had two 
children. Kenton and Donald. .Tiilius A., of 
this review, is the next in order of birth. 
Clillord wedded Miss Caddie Fraut and is the 
father of two <liiMren. Lee Porter is still 
at home with bis parents. Stephen married 
Miss "Mildred Kyle, by whom he has two 
ehihlren. Stephen. .Ir.. and Clarence. Millie 
died in infancy. 

.Julius A. Chinchill obtained his early edu- 
ention in the Westminster school at Lima. 
Ohio, after which he became a student at the 
Ohio Xorthern I'niversity at Ada. where he 
purs\ied his studies for a jieriod of six years. 
Iieing graduated with thi' degrees of C. K. 
and .\. B. .Xfter completing lii>i university 



course he moved to Crookston, Minnesota, at 
which place he became princi|ial of the high 
school. Here he remained for three .years 
and then renmved to Grand Island. Nebraska. 
at which place he became the superintendent 
of the Grand Island Light & Fuel Company. 
In this employment he remained for one 
year, after which he moved to 'I'aeoma. 
Washington, where he formed a partnership 
with Mr. .Jennings, and under the firm name 
of the .Jennings, Churchill Company he was 
interested in the conduct of a shingle mill 
business, continuing in this work for one 
and a half .years. Closing out his interest 
in the shingle mill, he moved to Baker City, 
Oregon, and in 1891 was engaged as principal 
of the high school and the following .vear 
was elected b.v the board of education as the 
superintendent of the public schools of Baker 
Cit.v. In this position he at once discovered 
the cr.ying need of improvement throughout 
the entire system, and to the branches al- 
read.y installed he has added instruction in 
manual training and domestic arts and 
sciences. Mr. Cluirchill has been retained in 
this position for a period of more than twenty 
.vears — one of the highest tributes that could 
be paid bv a people to a public servant. He 
lakes pride, as do also the citizens of Baker 
Cit.y, in the ver.v high standard maintained 
b.v their public schools, which is recognized 
by the peo|)le to be largel.^' due to the devo- 
ti(m, abilitv and skill of Mr. Churchill as 
superintendent. At the time Sir. Churchill 
was first elected to the oflice the enrollment 
(if tile public .school was scarcely more than 
thirt.v. The school now has an attendance 
of nearly three hundred regular pupils. Not- 
withstanding this large increase in the num- 
ber of pupils, the attention given to the 
school b.y Mr. Churchill has been such as to 
insure a steadv advance along all lines which 
lead to the attainment and maintenance of 
a higli standard of scholarship. 

On the 18th of October. 18S7, Mr. Churchill 
was married to Miss I'^lorence .Jennings, who 
was born on the 18th of .lanuarj", 1867, her 
parents being W. H. and Emily .Jennings, na- 
tives of Wisconsin and Penns.vlvania re- 
spectively. Mrs. Churchill is the surviving 
member of a family of two children, whose 
parents are" both deceased. To the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Churchill have been born three 
children. Marie. Florence and Doris. The 
parents are devoted and consistent members 
of the Episcopal church. Fraternallv Mr. 
Churchill is identified with the Bencv(dent 
Protective Order of Elks and the Kniglits of 
the Maccabees. In politics he is a pro- 
nounced republican. The value of the life 
and work of Mr. Churchill is recognized 
throughout Baker count.v and the state of 
Oregon. He looks back over a record rarel.v 
equalled among his peers in the field of 
jiedagog.y. 

NORVAL C. LOVE, who owns a fine ranch 
of three hundred and twenty-seven acres in 
the vicinity of Keating, has been engaged in 
stock-raising in Baker county for thirty 
vears. He is a native son, being born on the 



THE CENTP:NMAL lIlSTnUV « n-' (iRKGUN 



15U 



21st of October, 1859. and his parents were 
U. S. ami Helen (Stewart! Love. 

Xorval C. Love was reared on his father's 
liMiili and educated in the common schools. 
Havinf; been trained to a<;ricultnnil pursuits 
and stock-raisinjr from liis boyhood, he de- 
cided upon leaving the parental roof at the 
age of twenty-two to adopt for his vin-ation 
the occupation to which he was best ailupted, 
and engaged in the stock business. His ef- 
forts in this direction were well remunerated 
and he was subsequently able to purchase 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, and also 
take up one hundred and sixty acres which he 
homesteadcd. Here he has ever since maile 
his home with the exception of a few years 
when he resided in Baker City in order to 
give his children the advantage of the public 
schools. Mr. Love has devoted the greater 
part of his acreage to pasturage and hay. 
as lie continues to make a specialty of stock- 
raising. Of recent years, however, he has 
rented a large portion of his land. 

In 1890. Mr. Love was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary B. Roy and to them have been 
born five children, as follows: Grace, who is 
n stenographer: lola; Xorma; Bertha; and 
Ro.v. who was the only son and died in 1899 
at the age of five years. 

The family hold membership in the Bap- 
tist church, and his ])oIitical support Mr. 
Love gives to the republican party, lie is 
one of the highly estimable citizens and suc- 
cessful randimen of the count,v and is well 
known and highly regarded in his community. 
He is enterprising and progressive in his ideas 
and methods and while he leads a rather un- 
obtrusive life is alwa.vs ready and willing 
to cooperate in promoting the welfare of the 
community in every possible wav. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN BAIRD. .Many of 
the sterling traits of characti'r which in every 
land anil dime awaken confidence and regard 
are combined in Benjamin Franklin Baird. 
He has been an active business man 
and during the Civil war proved his 
loyalty to the government by service 
with a Missouri regiment. He was born in 
Grundy county. Missouri. Septenilier LI. IHtfi. 
and is a son of Alexander and Margaret 
(Bond) Baird, both of whom were natives c>( 
Pickaway county. Ohio. The father was n 
farmer during his entire life ami in 1^40 went 
to Missouri, continuing a resident of that 
state throughout his remaining days, his 
death occurring in Livingston count.v. in IHH7. 
The mother afterward came to Oregon and 
lived with her son B. F. Baird, pu-- 
at the home of her son Deming 

at Huntington, this state, in .Ianu.ii>. ■ 

Her remains were interred at linker. In the 
family were »ix children, of w Imni four are 
now living: Deming Cochrane: Knther. who 
is the widow of .1. Hugh Fisher, of Oklahoma, 
and has four ihildrcMi: William <!., who is liv- 
ing in Huntington: and B. F. Two dauehtrr«, 
Mrs. Margaret Fisher and Mrs. Rllan Ketrwn. 
both died in Missouri. 

B. F. Baird remained in his native nt«te 
until 1<>74 when he arrived in Oregon. IIi« 
youth had lx>en largely devoted to tin- ■•■- 



i|uirement of an •■ '■• n, int.-f.i»-is,-.i with 

active work of ,.U, ||,. ,»», „„|j- 
about eighteen _\ .... n 1. ., ,i, i,..| |,V 
enlisted a> a memlH-r ui i irth 
Missouri Cavalr,v, and witi >««« 
mustereil out .March is. 1-.1,:.. He »«• on 
the frontier all ul the time and parlt<';;'»te<l 
in a iuiuiIht of ski^^li^<hes but » 
wviunded. He had served with the h<" 
for six months before his i-nli~' 
was too young to U- admitlecl t 
service. As previously stated 
the northwest in 1S74, Iruvelii to 
Kelton, I'tah, and from that [ •inj: 
the plains with horse teams. llirrr wrre 
thirty-six from lii.s home lixiility who Irft 
-Missouri at that time and togethi-r inadr Ihr 
long trip over the plains and mouniain* r«u 
or three times there w«- Iian 
attack but they managed ' <ti 
nation in safety. Mr. I^im > ...nii >■! • 
stage station at what is now lluntinuton, 
but at that time there was only an ndobr 
house on the site of the city. Ijlter Im- rti- 
gaged in freighting between linker and I'ma' 
tilla I^tuding for six years. He afterward 
leased a ranch near Ilaker for tliri-»- yearn 
and then came to the county wat where he 
filled the olfice of city marshal for thrrr 
years. Later he again eni' ■ ' ''mK 
until the railroad was built lin 
euti-red the town, hauling . ap- 
plies all through the Indian war. With the 
ituilding of the railroad he turned his atten 
tion to the tnnk and dniy l>ii«ine«« but aftrr 
four years sold out and piirilm^ed a grain 
business which he conducted for about IW* 
years. He then reci-iveil the ap|Miinlmrnt of 
first deputy sherilT under \\. II. Kilbiirn for 
four years and at the end of that time as- 
sumed the nninagenient o' -'■>r» 

belonging to his son. W. .\ ; Iv 

years he continued in that i<-e 

tion and then retired on the iSlh ot Janu 
ary, 1911. so that he ia now rnjoyinn a tml 
which is the merited reward of hi* forni»r 
labor. 

On the .■'.nth of .\iigii ■ " >«a 

united in marriage tn • 

daughter of William I 't^ 

I iileinan. who WiTe -f. 

where the birth •■' ^<- <> 

ary Ifi. isj». si, n, 

five sons and !»■ '»♦ 

are yet living, her s' "t 

tinorge and .lohn IrU '•■'•t 

City and the In" 'nJ 

Mm. Baird have ' d- 

dren. ■• ■ ■•'. 

where i ''•* 

Arrilla -• -•- 

Maraar.t t . -II. 

of rhehnh* '•( 

.-hildren ' «y 

■ lerk of lU. 'a- 

ham ond 1 "»• 

Cora Fll^n ' h, 

01 •». 

In -n 

tr •• 

II,. fa 



160 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



studying law in Eugene, Oregon, while the 
younger is a high-school student. The other 
member of the family was James Franklin, 
who died at the age of two years. 

Throughout his entire life Mr. Baird has 
voted the democratic ticket. He is a Royal 
Arch Mason, a member of Baker Lodge, No. 
47. having been made a member of the craft 
in 1868. He is also well known and promi- 
nent as a member of Joe Hooker Post, No. 
20, G. A. R., of which he is adjutant quarter- 
master. Both he and his wife are consistent 
members of the Baptist church and in their 
lives exemplify their religious faith and be- 
lief. Mr. Baird has endeavored to make his 
life measure up to the standards of honor- 
able manhood and citizenship and not only 
substantial success has come to him. but also 
the merited regard and esteem of his fellow- 
men. 

JOSEPH BARTON. A most interesting life 
liistory is that of Joseph Barton, whose ex- 
periences from early boyhood in England to 
his present association with engineering and 
railroad projects in the northwest have been 
of a most varied character. He was born 
July 25, 1848, at St. Helens. Lancashire. Eng- 
land, the sixth son of John and Elizabeth 
(Bell) Barton. On his father's side he is 
descended from almost pure Anglo-Saxon an- 
cestry. The name is derived from Beretone, 
an Anglo-Saxon word meaning manor house. 
John Barton's mother belonged to the Win- 
stauley family and was born and reared in 
the parish of that name, as was her son 
John and also William and Josiah Barton, 
the grandfather and the great-grandfather of 
Joseph Barton of this review. The old fam- 
ily home was near Winstanley Hall and there 
is a tradition tliat the Winstanley family 
once owned this hall and all the land in the 
parisli of that name. Among Joseph Barton's 
earliest recollections were his visits to his 
grandmotlier Barton, who was "such a grand- 
mother as you sometimes read about — a fine 
looking old lady, kind, generous and loving." 
She lived to be eighty-four years of age. 
She had four sons and a daughter, John, 
William, Josiah, I'eter and Ann. 

In the maternal line Joseph Barton of this 
review came of Xornian blood. Family tra- 
dition has it that the progenitors went to 
England with William the Conqueror. The 
maternal grandfather was born in Dublin. 
Ireland, to which countrj' his father had 
gone from England as a young man. Upon 
the deatli of Iiis ))arents grandfather Bell 
left Ireland for England to find his father's 
peojile but was not successful. His daugh- 
ter Elizabeth became the wife of John Bar- 
ton, who was superintendent, or foreman, of 
a. 8ho(). The great machines were always a 
matter of deep interest to his son Joseph, 
who, being privileged as the son of the 
foreman, was often allowed by workmen to 
run tlie big machines. His deep interest in 
anyt'iiing nu'clianica! led to more tlian one 
scolding, for when sent on an errand he 
would frequently stop and look in the shop 
windows until he had satisfied himself how 
some mechanical toy would operate. His 



father, his grandfather and his great-grand- 
father before him had all been inventors and 
liis father was one of the first to use high 
pressure steam and high speed engines. 

The school days of Joseph Barton were 
mucli like those of other boys. At first he 
seemed slow of learning, so much so that his 
mother was frequently discouraged, but he 
had the assistance and encouragement of a 
teacher. Mr. Lacey, who seemed to under- 
stand the boy and always told the mother 
that her son was learning although not giv- 
ing expression to wliat he learned. That this 
was actually the fact was shown on one oc- 
casion when visitors were present at the 
school. It was the custom in those days for 
a teacher to have a pupil point out on the 
map any place that the visitor might sug- 
gest. At this time Joseph Barton, much to 
the surprise of the school, who considered 
him very backward in his studies, volun- 
teered and did thus go over a map of Ire- 
land. He did so without faltering and there- 
after was always called upon when the 
teacher wished to exhibit a particularly 
bright pupil in geography. When he left 
England for America in his fourteenth year 
lie had largely mastered the various branches 
of mathematics, had done something in land 
surveying, was a good Latin student and also 
displayed considerable skill in freehand 
drawing. 

The family were of the Mormon faith and 
suiTered not a little persecution on this ac- 
count because of the open opposition and 
hostility manifest in England toward the 
followers of .Tosepli Smith. The eldest son of 
the family, William Barton, married Ellen 
Birehall and with liis wife and his two 
brothers James and John sailed from Liver- 
pool for America and made their way to 
Utah. Later another brother, Isaac, joined 
them in that state and early in the spring of 
1803 the parents decided that the remainder 
of the family would emigrate to the new 
world. They had with them in England four 
cliildren. Peter. Ilyrum, Bertha and Joseph, 
and on the trip they were also accompanied 
by a cousin. Eliza Barton. After holding a 
public sale of the household furniture, much 
of which was old fashioned and today would 
bring fancy figures as antiques, the family 
left St. Helens and started out on their long 
journey, taking passage on the Manchester, 
ten hundred and sixty-five tons, commanded 
by Captain Trask. This vessel had been 
chartered by the Mormon church to bring 
people of that faith to the new world. There 
were many incidents of the voyage most in- 
teresting to the boy Joseph Barton, who had 
never been far from home before: the por- 
poises seen when a day or two out. the find- 
ing of the stowaway and on one occasion a 
cry of fire. The amusements on shipboard 
were dancing on the main deck, concerts ih 
I he cabin and the marching and drilling of 
the men. When it was learned that Mr. 
Barton possessed some artistic skill he was 
reijuested as a favor to paint the ship's flag, 
a white cross on a red ground, on the bows of 
all the ship's boats and paint a blue ribbon 
around the captain's and mates' gigs. 




.lOSKIMI llAHTON 



THE CE.NTEXMAL lllSTOKY (>F OUEtiON 



llW 



Tliirty-cight days had been passed and the 
Manchester landed its passenjiers without a 
single deatli oceuriing during the entire voy- 
age. Neither had any serious actiJents oc- 
curred, although the ship saw many ice- 
bergs and barely escaped colliding with oiie 
of them. They were so close that the ther- 
mometer dropped several degrees. On the 
13th of June the Bartons with the other pas- 
sengers were landed at Castle Garden and 
the following day took a train for Albany. 
They proceeded by slow stages westward and 
for the first time saw houses built of lumber 
and logs, those in England having been stone 
or brick. At length they reached Chicago, 
proceeded by train to (Jiiincy, Illinois, and 
by steamer to Hannibal, Missouri, starting 
the next morning for St. .Joseph, Missouri. 
The road was lined with soldiers, who were 
guarding the road from attack by the Con- 
federates. On the 2:id of .lune the party 
started up the Missouri river on the steamer 
Omaha for Florence. Xebra.-<ka. which was 
the place that all Mormon emigrants out- 
fitted for the west, while those of another 
religious faith started from Omaha. The 
Mormon church was doing all it could to aid 
its people, furnishing many teams and sup- 
jdies on credit with the understanding that 
payments were to be made after reaching 
Utah. At Omaha .loseph Harton .saw for the 
first time an American Indian — people of the 
Pawnee tribe. When the party were at 
Florence a train of some lifty ox teams ar- 
rived from rtah to carry the emigrants who 
had not sullicient means to purchase teams 
liiul outfit. The Bartons were delighted to 
find that .James, who had preceiled them, 
had been sent with one of the teams. The 
family, however, purchased their own out- 
fit-two yoke of oxen and a Schnttler wagon. 
Soon the" start westwaril was made and the 
trip brought the usual experiences, hard- 
ships and incidents of such a journey. At 
night the wagons would be placed in a semi- 
circle or a circle and thus form a corral for 
the oxen. .\t times, too, through the Indian 
country all fires were maile and all cooking • 
done inside the corral and the stock wa.s let 
out only for a short time under a strong 
gtiard to feed. 

On the 1st of .Vugust. I'^fiS. the party 
starli'd from Florence for Salt Ijike. Fifty- 
two wagons were sent upon the roail. They 
hail to ford the streams anil at time* used 
their wagon beds to ferry over. There were 
steep mountains to climb, long slopex to de- 
scend. Day after day the journey proceeded 
and at t lines they encountered Indiann but 
had no serious difliculty with them. There 
was the usual difliculty in obtaining good 
water and some of the o\en di<-d from drink- 
ing the alkali water. Many new experienced 
came to the party. Mr. Ilarton on the trip 
saw a beaver forthe first time. Me diil hi» 
first hunting and first tasted n peach, which 
the father Imiight at a certain camp, paying 
ten cents each for peachex. On the .Mb of 
October the family were greatly !>urpri«ea 
to see William Rarton walk into camp. They 
were not onlv glad to meet thi< member of 
thi' fnmilv but it also indicated that they 



were Hearing the end of .i 

Proceeding on through Km . i 

they (Hissed over the II' • ' '. 

their first glim|>se of - 

place lor which they h.i . . 

homes and traveled nearly t 

miles to reach. The llartun 

their abode nt the little to»ii ul Ku^ 

and again in this wild western life 'he : 

had many new experienc(>«. > 

employed in a molasses mil 

and removing it from the m 

crushed. Ip to that time t.. 

anything to do with hor — 

how to harness or uii! 

family left the city for a 

where they went through all oi (he n- 

periences aiul hnrdshipo of piotif-rr life. 

There was little money in ii 

west in those'days and all In 

in wheat, ami supplies were 

sanii' manner. When but < 

age loseph Ilarton was ma i 

school, in which most of his | ' 

than himself, but after a \i<' 

dilhcnltv he succeeded in mninta 

an<I instructing the pupil.< in rea 

ing, the mnltiplicntion table ami i; 

but nothing more was attemi ■ 

taught in thcwe primitive 

west than the mimes of tin' 

capitals. Writini;. arithimt.'. ,i 

grammar were not taught. When the »' 

work was over .Mr. lUr'on al'l- I m li ■ In 

of the farm, inelinling irn 

vesting, all grain Ix-ing cut 

cradle. .As the work oi ib-velopiio nt 

progre.ss was carried on the comfort* 

conveniences of the older • 

added. The first home of t! 

dugout made In the side ■•! ,i mi 

cnide home contained three nmm* 

were comfortable nio«t "' 'i" <• ■ " but 

ing the spring i.hm'. i\. 

*as thoroughly "miked 

a brick residence was erni' 

Kaysville-- and as the worl 

progresseil .Irweph Ilnrton to- 

in the public life of the ■ 

filleil the oMice i.f county »<■ 

county. I tall, from Isilli iihl 



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and 
and 



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Kaysville 


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164 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



daily, and in 1875 he also became a member 
of the firm of Barton & Company, dealers in 
general merchandise, clothing, agricultural 
implements, etc., at Layton and at Salt Lake 
City. He was thus connected with commer- 
cial' interests until 1885 and was a director 
of the Utah Loan & Trust Company from 
1888 until 1891, while during the succeeding 
two years he was superintendent of the 
building of that company. He supervised 
the installing of the heating and lighting 
system, which he had purchased, having 
made a trip to Chicago to secure dynamos, 
engines, elevator, etc.; in fact, everything 
needed for the construction and equipment of 
the building save the lumber and stone. He 
was furthermore interested in public affairs 
as captain and leader of the Kaysville Brass 
Band from 1867 until 1888, as chorister of 
the Kaysville Mormon church from 1890 until 
1896 and as president and manager of the 
Kaysville Dramatic Association from 1875 
until 1890. He was very heavily interested 
financially in the Utah Loan & Trust Com- 
pany buiiding when in 1893 it was destroyed 
by fire, causing him great losses. About the 
same time his wife died and Mr. Barton to 
occupy his time and fight oil' the feeling of 
loneliness that engulfed him turned his at- 
tention to the work of the fraternal orders, 
becoming interested in the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Select Knights, the Order of Chosen 
Friends, the Foresters of America and the 
Degree of Honor. By the year 189,") he had 
filled the chairs in the different organiza- 
tions, becoming the highest officer in several 
of them, and on some occasions being pre- 
siding officer in two or three at the same 
time. He became deputy supreme counsellor 
of the Chosen Friends and in 1895 was grand 
lecturer for the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. In that capacity he visited lodges 
in Idaho, building up these organizations and 
instituting and organizing Degree of Honor 
lodges at Pocatello. Hailey and Glenns Ferry 
and also instituting lodges of the Ancient Or- 
der of United Workmen at Glenns Ferry, 
Mountain Home and Rocky Bar. In February, 
1896, he resigned as grand lecturer of that or- 
der, having accepted service with the Sumpter 
Valley Railway Company, with headquarters 
at Baker ("ity. Oregon, where he arrived Feb- 
ruary 17. 1890. He was general passenger 
and freight agent and assistant chief en- 
gineer until 1905. His first work was locat- 
ing and constructing an extension of the line 
from McKwen to Sumpter. a distance of six 
and niiu'teen Imndredths miles. His respon- 
sibilities were gra<lnally increased and added 
to until he was not only general passenger 
and freight agent lint also assistant chief 
engineer, performing the duties of chief en- 
gineer and claim ;igent and tax agent. He 
had charge of all nuitters for tlie railway 
and for the Oregon Lumber Comjiany. and 
was also land and tax agent. In 1905 he 
was furthermore ajipointed general super- 
intendent of the railway and as such had 
supervision <if the road bed struettires. ear 
and machine shops and. in fact, filled almost 
every ofVico save tlint of president :>nd gen- 



eral manager. On the 30th of June, 1907, 
because of ill health he resigned. After a 
few days, however, President Eccles asked 
Mr. Barton to assist the secretary in check- 
ing up land of the Oregon Lumber Company 
and later in making out railway commission 
reports. He was also called in consultation 
by President Eccles, who in the spring of 1909 
requested him to run some primary lines for 
a proposed extension of the road from Austin 
to Prairie City. His route up Bridge Creek 
was approved by Mr. Eccles, who then gave 
Mr. Barton engineering charge for the first 
six and a half miles. He only had one day's 
start ahead of the construction gang and the 
steel gang followed closely. With a small 
crew of five men he kept ahead and by the 
30th of September had the distance assigned 
him covered with steel. On again reaching 
Baker Mr. Eccles requested Mr. Barton to 
go back to the extension and secure the notes 
connecting the alignment of the road with 
the LInited States section lines and surveys. 
He was afterward given charge of the con- 
struction in Dadd's creek and on the 2d of 
April, 1910, he went on to the extension as 
chief of construction. During 1909 about 
half of the work had been completed, the 
distance between Austin and Prairie City 
being twenty-one miles. In order to be en- 
titled to a forty thousand dollar bonus which 
had been oftered. the com])any must have 
its train at Prairie City at noon of the 15th 
of ,Iune, 1910. Mr. Eccles asked Mr. Barton 
if he could do this ami lie replied that he 
could if he was not hampered in the work. 
He had only two and a half months to ac- 
complish the task. He made camp in a blind- 
ing snow storm and within that period al- 
most literally lived in the saddle, super- 
intending the construction from every possi- 
lile point. The line crossed Dixie mountain 
at an elevation of fifty-two hundred and fifty 
feet and at Prairie at thirty-four hundred 
and twenty-five feet, over eighteen hundred 
feet drop in about twelve miles. Mr. Barton 
worked day and night but had the supreme 
satisfaction of running a train into Prairie 
on the 13th of June, two days ahead of the 
time limit set. All this time Mr. Barton 
nas known as assistant chief engineer. With 
the completion of the road he returned to 
liaker and gradually drifted back into look- 
ing after land, taxes, law. etc., but on the 
1st of July, 1911, Mr. Eccles made him as- 
sistant superintendent, which to all intents 
and purposes was superintendent as there 
is no such official of the road. He has, in- 
deed, been actively connected with the up- 
building of the west since his arrival from 
England in 1862. He has performed almost 
every kind of work necessary in the develop- 
ment of a new locality and his labors have, 
indeed, constituted a valuable contribution 
to the building of an empire in this section. 
On the 5th of April. 1869, Mr. Barton was 
married to Miss Mary Ann Allen, a native 
of London. Europe, and unto them have been 
born six children as follows: May, who died 
in 1906 in Chicago: Charles Harmon, born 
in 1871. who is cashier of the Ogden Savings 
Bank at 0<rden. lUah: Clarence Elmer, born 



Till-; CKNTKXMAI. lllSToKV oK (UiKcJoN 



i6:> 



in 1S74, wlio is a lca(lin<j pliysiiiaii of Uaker. 
Oregon; Hattie Josciiliiiie and Kdna .M.. both 
at home; and Key AUcn. born in 1SS9. who 
is assistant to the manager of the Columbia 
Mines of Sumpter. Mr. Rarton has always 
been most devoted to liis home and family 
linding his greatest happiness at his own 
lireside. The promises of his youth have 
reached their fulfillment in later manhood. 
He seems to have learned from each experi- 
ence the lessons therein contained and, never 
wasteful nor neglectful of time, talents and 
opportunities, he has steadily worked his 
way upward, winning a substantial measure 
of success, but more than that an honorable 
name. 

JOSEPH STODDARD, secretary, tr.-asurrr 
and manager of the Stoddard LuhiIht lom 
pany at Baker, is identified with his three 
brothers in this enterprise, only two of them, 
however, being active in the conduct of the 
business. Joseph Stoddard is a native ol 
Utah, his birtli liaving occurred in Wellsvillc. 
Cache county, November S, 1S72. llis father, 
John Stoddard, was born in Kdinburgh. Scot 
land, and died in Utah, in ISBu. at the age 
of fifty-four years. He was reared in the 
land of hills and heather until tlie parents 
emigrated with their family to the United 
States. He became a resident of SI. Louis. 
Missouri, where lie lived for a numt>er of 
years. He lost his father in that state and 
afterward went to Utah, bringing his mother 
with him. In 1SS7 he arrived in Oregon and 
was connected with the Oregon Lumber Com- 
pany, building a mill at South Baki-r where 
he remained for five years. lie afterward 
returned to Utali. lie had engaged in the 
manufacture of lumber in Wyoming before 
he came to the coast and was active in the 
lumber trade throughout the greater part of 
his life, carrying on extensive operations in 
that field of business. His last days were 
spent in Utah and in the various loi-alities 
where he lived he was regarded as a promi- 
nent, influential and valued citizen. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Kmma Kckers 
ley. and was born in Lancaster. Kngland. 
came to the I'nited States with her parents 
and was married in Utah. She now maki-s 
her home at Logan, that stati-. In their 
family were twelve children, of whom the 
following are yet living: fleorge and .losepli. 
who are associated in business in the Sloil 
dard Lumber Company: Henry, living in 
Santa Cruz. California; Willard, who is also 
a member of the Stoddard Lumber Company ; 
Kllen. the wile of David Krcles of I^un"- 
Utah: and Sarah, tin- wife of Mr. IWillord. 

Joseph Stodilard spent the first sixte.-n 
years of his life in his native .ntate and in 
'l8SS arrived at Baker, coming with the 
father and his family. Here the subject of 
this review has since remained. He started 
in the lumber business when thirto-ii year« 
of age anil took a man's part in cnrrying on 
the work. He has since Im-cii actively 
identitierl with the trade as a manufaiturrr 
and wholesale dealer in lumber. The pre-trnt 
Stmldaril Lumber Company is operating along 
those lines. Three brothers are partners in 



the l)usine»s. although only .loAeph and Mil- 
lard are active in its iiuiimgeineiit. They 
handle about ten million fi-et of lumber aii- 
nually at this plant and they nUo havi> a 
plant at I'erry, Oregon, and »ui- at Santa 
Cruz, California, at each of which plucen the 
output is twenty million fei-t unniiully, lleorge 
Stoddard, the third brother, having (he man 
agenient of the busiiie.H.s at both of tho«<- 
plants. The Stoddards are not sole owner» 
of the last tAvo, but are largely interr«trd 
therein. They are also In-avy stixkholdi-r* 
in the .Schoehley and ,McMureii Lumb<-r Com 
pany of Uaker and (ieorge .StiMldanl is u 
director of the Maker lx)aii A I rust ' '"in 
pany. They are all men of spleiidiil biisinex 
ability who readily recogni/e and improve 
opportunities and <|iilckly discriminate Ih< 
tween the essential and tin- iion eiuentml 
features in any business undertaking uilli 
which they have l)ecome assiM-iated. Tliev 
furnish employment to a large lone of work 
men and tiiid a reaily sale for their prrMlnct 
while their reliable business methmls further 
commend them to the patronage of the public. 
Ill ISaC) .losepli '^tocldanl was murneil to 
.Miss Margaret Izatt. who Is a native of I tali 
and of Scotch parentage, her father Ix-inK 
.\le\ailder Izatt. .Mr. ami .Mrs. StiMldard have 
six children: .Margaret, Krnest, I'arley, Itay. 
Norma and Merrill, The ,Sto<lilard n-sidrnif 
is a hospitable one and it.n gixMl cheer I* 
greatly i-iijoyed by the many friends of the 
family. Mr. Stodilard holds memlMTshIp in 
the Benevolent Protective (triler of K.Iks and 
is in hearty .syinpalliy with Hie purposes 
anil plans of the Itaker t ommen i;«l < hih 
of which he Is a director. He slaiiil-. for nil 
that is progressive in the citizenship of Uaker 
and his public spirit has found tangible e\ 
pression in practical aoiMK-iation for the 
growth and progress of his community. 

MARTIN SVARVERUD is the pn-anlrnt 
and treasurer of the Kiigene Heal Mlatr A 
Investment Company, in which line of hii». 
iiess he has lieeii engaged for "•■»• "'•■'■" ii->r. 
riie steps in lil.^ orderly | 
easily discernible. He ban ev • 
student of the signs of the tinim, haa mtr- 
fully watched the real Mtote mitrkol !>«• 
i.tnilied the f|Uentlon of genei ■ ' 

and li-is thus iM-eii enuliled ti> - 
purchases and - • ■ 

realty. His r 

Important souii . - - • 

Micnt departmi'iit i~ 

The family nnni' .irw<-u-l»n 

ancestry, lie was I. 
way. I)ec»*inlN"r 11 

.-Xnilrian I', and Kl , l'et.>(«lokkeni .s»*nc 

nid. The formor >»«• • «"n of P»t»r 
.Svarveni'i 
well tod" 
The 1 

fr.t... 

in Ih>!.. 
strict a>ll' 

Martin - -"ti"" 

in the piibln- srlHwils ol In* iiatno Und 
nlirn in HAT the father hrniiBht thr family 
to the new world. M>ttlln(r in RuahfnrH. Min- 



166 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



iiesota, which state was the destination of 
many of his fellow countrymen who emi- 
grated to America. The father there pur- 
chased land, becoming owner of a farm, upon 
which his son Martin was reared, and after 
fourteen years spent in Jlinnesota he removed 
to North Dakota. Martin Svarverud con- 
tinued his education in the schools of Minne- 
sota, where he resided until March, 1879, 
when he went to North Dakota, homesteading 
a claim near Fort Ransom in the Cheyenne 
valley sixty-five miles southwest of Fargo. 
He was one of the first in that section to 
engage in wheat raising, and, finding that 
soil and climate were splendidly adapted to 
the crop, he annually gathered large harvests 
and made considerable money in that way. 
After his marriage he came to Oregon in 1889, 
settling at Eugene on the Tth of April of 
that year. Here he embarked in the imple- 
ment and hardware business under the name 
of M. Svarverud & Company. He continued 
in that business for three years and became 
recognized as one of the foremost merchants 
of his part of the state. He also extended 
his operations to other fields, conducting 
stores at Harrisburg and at Independence. 
He then engaged in the real-estate business, 
with which he has been connected for seven- 
teen years. The Eugene Real Estate & In- 
vestment Company, of which he is now the 
head, is the outgrowth of his individual real- 
estate, loan and insurance business and was 
incorporated about four years ago, Mr. Svar- 
verud becoming president and treasurer, with 
Van Svarverud, his son, as the secretary. 
He handled the Fairmount addition to 
Eugene and also the University addition. 
He has largely specialized in dealing in farm 
lands and he now handles his own property. 
Moreover, he retains the ownership of an 
excellent fruit farm near JefTerson, which is 
devoted to the cultivation of apples, prunes 
and walnuts and is in charge of his son Le- 
land. Mr, Svarverud is developing an addi- 
tion of forty-eight acres called Fairmount 
Heights, He is thoroughly conversant con- 
cerning realty values and his opinions are 
largely accepted as authority. He represents 
a large number of fire insurance companies 
and his business in that department has 
grown along gratifying lines. He was one 
of the first to agitate the subject of estab- 
lishing the Eugene Real Estate Exchange, of 
which he served as president for several years. 
He is also president of the Osburn Hotel 
Company. 

Tn 1888 Mr. Svarverud was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Georgiana Marsh, a daughter 
of George Marsh, of Valley City, North Da- 
kota, and an early settler of Barnes county, 
that state. Mr." and Mrs. Svarverud now 
have four living children, Franklin Evander, 
Leland Ray, George Martin and Frederick 
Carlton. The parents are members of the 
I'Ipiscopal clnirch and are interested in all 
those all'aiis which make foi the substantial 
(levclopriient and progress of the community. 
In politics Mr. Svarverud is a republican aiid 
is now serving as president of the Eugene 
water board. He believes that political activi- 
ties slionld be made to conserve public prog- 



ress and the best interests of a community. 
He is well known in fraternal relations. Of 
Spencer Butte Lodge, No. 9, I. 0. O. F., he 
is a past grand and one of the trustees and 
has served as grand marshal of the grand 
lodge of Oregon. He is likewise past chief 
patriarch of Wimawhala Encampment. No, 
6, and he became a charter member and was 
the first clerk of Canton Ilovey, No. 4, Uni- 
form Rank. He likewise belongs to Eugene 
Camp, No. 115, W. 0. W.; Eugene Tent, ISO. 
53, K. 0. T. M.; Eugene Lodge, No. 357. B. I>. 
O.E.; and Eugene Aerie, No. 275, F. 0. E. He 
has a reputation for unassailable integrity 
and it is said that his word is as good as 
any bond ever solemnized by signature or 
seal. He is a public-spirited citizen, cooperat- 
ing heartily in movements for the general 
good, and is very benevolent and charitable, 
extending a helping hand wherever aid .is 
needed and giving freely for the benefit of 
independent and organized charity. 

BENJAMIN STANTON, deceased, was one 
of the pioneer settlers of Oregon, having 
come to this state in 1852. He was a na- 
tive of Indiana, born August 11, 1833, the 
son of William and Anna Stanton. In 1853 
the parents started to cross the plains with 
ox teams but the father died on the way of 
cholera. The mother with her family came 
on to Oregon, settling in Marion county, 
where she resided until her death, passing 
away in Salem. 

Benjamin Stanton was reared in his 
father's home and was nineteen years of 
age when he came with the family to Oregon. 
In 1853, in Marion county, he wedded Miss 
Catherine Clamson, who was born in Indiana, 
a daughter of Ephraim and Elizabeth Clam- 
son, both of whom were natives of Ohio. 
The parents crossed the plains in 1853, set- 
tling in Polk county, Oregon, where they 
purchased three hundred and twenty acres 
of land and resided until their death, the 
father passing away in 1854 and the mother 
in 1886. In their family were seven chil- 
dren, three of whom are now living. After 
his marriage Mr. Stanton engaged with much 
success in tlie hotel business in Salem, where 
he remained for eleven years. Subsequently 
he removed to LTnion county, residing there 
fourteen years, and in 1878 came to LTmatilla 
county. Here he took up a section of rail- 
road land and improved and developed the 
same, living on it until his death, which 
occurred in 1887. Mrs. Stanton still owns 
this old homestead of six hundred and forty 
acres. To Mr. and Mrs. Stanton were born 
eleven children, six of whom are deceased. 
Those who are living are: Martha, the wife 
of A. F. Benson; Charles; Anna, now Mrs. 
Charles Watson; Benjamin; and Frank. Mrs. 
Stanton now owns and resides in a beautiful 
home in Helix, where she has many friends 
and acquaintances. She is a prominent and 
faithful member of the Baptist church and 
her interest in it has always been most help- 
ful. 

In politics Mr. Stanton was a republican 
and for one term he represented Llmatilla 
lountv in the state legislature. In his busi- 




MR. AND Mas. BEXJAMIX STANTON 



THE NE' 
PUBLIC LlciK 



.nvl 



tjTOH, LSNOX 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKV Ol' OlOiGoN 



IGU 



ness career he made a mo3t croditable record 
because his methods were straight forward 
and honorable and he enjoyed tuUy the con- 
fidence of the public. His death was deeply 
deplored by the many who knew him and 
entertained lor him the warmest regard and 
respect. 

CHARLES 0. PETERSON. The industrial 
and manufacturing interests of Eugene find 
a worthy and active representative in Charles 
O. Peterson, owner of an extensive excelsior 
factory and also a partner in the Sedro 
Veneer Company of Sedro, Woolley, Washing- 
ton. He is a man of determined purpose, car- 
rying forward to successful completion what- 
ever he undertakes, and his life is anothei 
illustration of the fact that intense industry, 
not special ability, make most of our suc- 
cessful men what they are. Moreover, his 
record is also a proof of the fact that suc- 
cessful work is that in which a man takes a 
pleasure. Mr. Peterson finds interest in all 
that he undertakes in a business way and he 
does not stop short of the accomplishment of 
his plans. 

He was bom near T.Ansing, Iowa, December 
20, 1S6S, and nine years later, or about 1877. 
he accompanied his parents on their removal 
westward to La Center, Washington, where 
his father died. He was thrown upon his 
own resources at the early age of twelve 
years but he possessed a vigorous constitu- 
tion anil sturdy purpose and used every op- 
portunity to gain advancement. For two 
years he worked on a farm for his clothes and 
board and the privilege of attending school 
for a few months. He also spent two years 
on a farm in Benton county, Oregon. .-\t the 
age trf sixteen he arrived in Portland ami se- 
cured employment with Henry Nieholi, owner 
of the Portland Excelsior Mill, with whom 
he remained for about two years. He found 
the work congenial and his indintry. natural 
aptitude and determination enabled him to 
advance rapidly. He was promoted even 
farther after entering the Willamette Fall* 
E.xcelsior Works at Oregon City, where he 
became foreman of the mill, but his laboro 
there were interrupted by the dfath of his 
mother and the necessity of temporarily with- 
drawing in order to settle up the estate. He 
afterward went to Lebanon, where he en- 
gaged in the excelsior business on hi.s own 
account, purchasing an interest in the con- 
cern of O'.Niell Brothers A IVt.rson. Tliis 
continued for aix years and while thus en- 
gaged Mr. Itoyse. 'his present pnrtm-r, juir- 
chased the O'Xiell interests. In this manner 
the business was conducted in I.*bnnon until 
September. 1S99, when it was removrd to 
Eugene, as it was easier to secure N-ltrr 
facilities at this place. The present mill and 
waridiouse were then ereoti'il and «inrr. that 
time the excelsior mill in which Mr. l'.-|.T»on 
is a partner has been one of thr important 
industrial enterprises of the city. Tlie biwi- 
ness has been ba.-ied upon sound commercial 
principles and contributes to an ennrmou» 
outstanding trade. Mr. Peterson's l«\e rx 
perience in this line well iiualili--' him to 
speak »ith authority upon subjrots rrUting 



thereto. The plant ho-< a irw prutavtrd 
patents not knoun to othen niiuiUrly 

equipiH'd. 1' '-•- ■' -■ ' • ->iin- 

ery ol all : .irr 

being oiMT.r , u. 

thing ot the immen.se vuiumv •> 

done is indicated by the fart ii 

reaches ten ton.s every way ot l». 

hours. In order to continue (ho mm 

at this rate from twenty i -.ix 

thousand cords of woo<l iid, 

iH-ing continually in the p: 

an ab^tdute neces.tity in t 

manufacture. Ilalni ^^"'> 

make the thin shaviii ilie 

Willamette yield up ii irmi 

of a year. Once llni'lM-d. tbi- priNlucl U 

pressed into bales of one hundr<>d and Hffr 

pounds each and shipiMd to •' 

of Oregon, California, Wanhinv' 

The two large buildiii^^n at "i 

■^i\th and High streets in K'i 'if 

plemenleil by wnreh""-- - > ■' "- 

and the whole entcT: 

tected from lire by t i 

system known in the west, Krora pi\ly to 

seventy-live men are employeil to cut wootl 

for the mill about live month* ol ' 

and many more are re<|uired for li 

tion of the plant, which is, ind' ■ '!■• 

most ini|Mirtant productive in! tlh- 

city. It is a monument ' ' '• 

terminatirm and busiiieii r 

son, whose practical kno" _ . 

ence and laudable ambition have bt«i\ domi 

nant factors in its upbuilding. 

This, however, dot-s not cover the lull 
extent of Mr. Peterson's Inlwr*. H» anil hU 
partner also organized the S«'ilr.i 
pany nf .Sedro. Woolley, W.i 
manufacture all kinds ol 
Their output likewne 
panels aU'l ''■ - '" '" '' 

(jrowing i ' •" 

over the I ■ '"n 

thousand feet ol log mennute a lUt. \l»"ul 
ten venr< ago Mr. Pe(i-r«<>n sii-l hi» t"»r(ii»r 
[. . ight hun ! 

,i: ! in that i> 

lldli t..l .il coll. 
in manufaeturii 

ness is most ...,,,. 

growth is the ni "-J "t rarnwt Ubo« 

and h......r..l.l. ■■ 

On 
Cilv. • 
\' 

Stu.iil. 1 111- I.i' 

ri-tired for a i 

< (reyiin, ail ' ' 

mother !• 



I. . 

the t'lvm 

nrni as > 

V 



u 

r ol 



170 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ing committee ut Eugene Lodge, Xo. 3JT, J!. 
P. 0. E., wliich lias recently completed one of 
the finest buildings in Eugene. Thus, wliile 
recognized as a most progressive, enterprising 
and successful business man, he yet hnds 
time and opportunity for cooperation in pub- 
lic affairs and his inlluence is always on 
the side of progress and improvement. 

CHARLES L FLYNN is senior partner in 
the firm of Charles 1. Flynii & Company, cigar 
manufacturers at Baker, in which connection 
he has built up a large business that is still 
growing. The output of the factory is now 
extensive and the quality of the product in- 
sures a continuance of the .sale. Mr. Elynn 
learned the trade of cigar manufacturing in 
his native city of Coldwater, Michigan, where 
his birth occurred January 1, 1857. His pa- 
rents were John T. and Rhoda A. (I'elton) 
Flynn, the former a native of County Cork, 
Ireland, and the latter of Massachusetts. The 
father was reared on the Emerald isle and 
was educated there for an Episcopal minister 
and later was graduated from Dublin Univer- 
sity. Crossing the Atlantic, he settled in 
Massachusetts in 1845 and later entered mer- 
cantile circles in Batavia, New York, re- 
maining until 1851. Eventually he removed 
westward to Coldwater, Michigan, where lie 
again established and conducted a store, until 
about 18C4 when he removed to Quincy, 
Michigan, remaining there until 1867, being a 
member of the firm of Wilcox & Flynn. He 
returned to Coldwater in that year, where he 
remained until his death in 1894, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. His wife survived him 
for about eight years and passed away in 
1902, at the age of seventy. They were mar- 
ried in Michigan in 1855 and unto them 
were born five children, of whom three are 
yet living. 

Charles I. Flynn was the eldest in this 
family and resided at the place of his birth 
until 1878, during which period he pursued 
his education in the high school, from which 
he was graduated, and in Conover's Commer- 
cial College, his business training well qualify- 
ing him for responsible duties In later life. 
He learned the cigar maker's trade at Cold- 
water, Michigan, thoroughly mastered the 
business and held responsible positions as 
superintendent of numerous factories until 
1892, when he began business on his own 
account as a cigar manufacturer in Grand 
Rapids, Michigan. In 1898 his health failed 
and because of this he removed to Baker, 
Oregon, where he opened his present factory, 
which is the most modern, up-to-date and 
sanitary cigar factory in the northwest. Its 
equipment is of the most improved kind and, 
although he started in business on a small 
scale, he has gradually developed his enter- 
prise until the factory now has an output 
of seven hundred and fifty thousand cigars 
annually, which are sold all over the north- 
west. Employment is furnished to twenty- 
six workmen in the factory and the business 
is represented on the road by two traveling 
salesmen. In this undertaking Mr. Flynn is 
associated with H. J. Evans under the firm 
style of Charles I. Flynn & Company. The 



linn docs its own buying and importing ol 
Havana tobacco and they have n warehouse 
in Havana, Cuba. They also own their 
factory building in Baker and the adjoining 
property at the corner ol Valley a\enue and 
First street. The growth of the business 
has been most satisfiiclory and the excellence 
of the jiroduct and the reliable methods of 
the iirm ])roiuise a continuance of Iheii' 
success. 

In Coldwater, Michigan, in 1888, Jlr. Flynn 
was married to .Miss ICdilh A. Trump, a na- 
tive of Jlicliigau and a daughter of David 
Trump. 'Phey now have one son Edward ])., 
who is a student in the State L'niversity of 
California. Fraternally Mr. Flynn is a Ala- 
son and has attained the Knight Templar 
degree in the York Kite and the thirty-second 
degree in the Scottish Kite. U(- 1ms also 
passed through all the chairs in the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, belongs also 
to the Fraternal Order of Eagles and the 
Knights of the Maccabees and for many years 
has been an exemplary representative of the 
Flks. He is al.so tilling the odice of deputy 
grand president of Oregon of the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles. As a member of the Com- 
mercial Club he is laboring ell'eclively to 
jnomote the best interests of Baker, his ef- 
fort ever being of a practical as well as 
[irogressive character. He is. indeed, a public- 
spirited man and one who is numbered with 
the valued citizens of Baker county. 

BYRON B. HERRICK, JR. Pidininenl 
among the progressive and enterprising busi- 
ness men of Salem is Byron B. Herrick, Jr., 
county surveyor of Marion county. He pos- 
sesses unusual mechanical ability and keen 
business sagacit}', and from the outset of his 
business career has worked his way steadily 
upward. His birth occurred near Shaw Sta- 
tion, Marion county, on the 25tli of August. 
1S62, his parents being Byron B. and Eliza- 
beth (Stanley) Herrick, the former a native 
of Ohio and the latter of Oregon. The father, 
who is now living in Turner, was born in 
1828, and crossed the plains to Oregon in 1842, 
taking up a homestead of one hundred and 
sixty acres in Marion county. He held this 
property until his retirement a few years ago, 
and under his management it became one of 
the most highly improved and profitably pro- 
ductive farms in the county. Mrs. Herrick's 
death occurred when her son Byron was but 
a child. In the family were four children, 
as follows: Byron B., .Jr.. who is the subject 
of this sketch; D. 0., who is residing at Oak- 
land, California; I. I., deceased; and Laura, 
who is the wife of Le.ster Shell, of Salem. 

The educational advantages of Byron B. 
Herrick, Jr., were greater than those commonly 
within the reach of an Oregon pioneer's son. 
and after completing the course in the com- 
mon schools of Marion county he pursued 
a course at Willamette University, making 
a specialty of surveying. After leaving this 
institution his first work was along agri- 
cultural lines and for some time he was em- 
ployed on a farm. He also taught school for 
two years, but in 1891 was appointed deputy 
surveyor under W. J. Culver. So efficient 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTOKY OF OKEGON 



171 



was his work in ttiis position that two years 
later he was elected county surveyor and he 
has since held this office continuously. He 
has contributed substantially to the success- 
ful apportioning and measuring of the lands 
of the county and is loyal to the best inter- 
ests of those whose material welfare is de- 
pendent upon him, and the systematic and ac- 
curate performance of his duties have won for 
him the admiration and respect of those to 
whom he gives his services. 

On the 3d of October, 1832. Mr. llerrick 
was married to Miss Jessie A. Barzee, whose 
birth occurred in Oregon and who is a daugh- 
ter of Clark and ilary (Stewart) Barzee. both 
deceased. During his active career the father 
was an agriculturist. To Mr. and Jlrs. Her- 
rick two children have been born: Merze 0., 
who is at present specializing in music; and 
Denzil D.. who is attending school. 

Since age conferred upon him the right of 
franchise Mr. Herrick has been a stalwart 
supporter of the republican party. He holds 
membership in the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, in which organization ho has held 
all the chairs including past grand, and he 
is also affiliated with the Woodmen of the 
World. He is a strong advocate of those 
measures which he believes will advance the 
interests of his town and county, and never 
withholds his support from any worthy 
object. In his business he has been actuated 
by a laudable ambition and has made con- 
tinuous progress along the path leading 
toward prosperity. 

STEPHEN D. STURGILL, who owns a line 
ranch of four hundred and forty acres in 
the vicinity of Keating, is one of the progres- 
sive and enterprising agriculturists of Baker 
county. He was born in Sullivan county. 
Missouri, on the 1st of September, 1861, and 
is a son of Francis H. and Caroline (Rich- 
mond) Sturgill. The father, who was a 
farmer, together with his wife and family 
drove across the plains to Oregon with an 
ox team in 1860 and took up government 
land. 

Stephen D. Sturgill was only a child of 
five years when ho left his native state, so 
that practically his entire life has been 
passed in the vicinity where he now resides. 
In common with his parents and other mem- 
bers of the family he shared the hardships 
and privations incident to life on the frontier, 
and obtained his education in the common 
schools. Having been reared on a ranch he 
was early trained to assist with the work 
of the fields and care of the stock, thus lay- 
ing the foundation for the vocation he has 
always followed. Ho remained at home until 
seventeen years of age, when the home ranch 
was divided and sold. He subsequently filed 
on a claim of one hundred and sixty acres 
that formed the nucleus of his present ranch. 
In the cultivation of this he met with such 
profitable returns that he was later able to 
extend his holdings and now is the owner of 
four hundred and forty acres of highly im- 
proved land. He is an energetic man and 
has worked tirelessly in his efforts to bring 
his place up to its present high standard. 



He has erected thereon good, substantial 
barns and outbuildings and a comfortable 
residence, and at various tinu's, as his means 
would permit has added modern conveniences 
and appliances that lessen the labor and ex- 
pedite the work. His ranch is lully ei|uipped 
with such implements and nnichines as are 
deemed essential to the modern agriculturists, 
and he has one of the mosl valuable and at- 
tractive properties in the community. 

On Xew Year's day, 1880, .Mr. Sturgill was 
united in marriage to Miss .Martha I'icrce. 
a daughter of Uoyal A. and Klizabeth -V. 
(Ashdown) Pierce, and the first white child 
born i]i Aubiirn, who passed away on the 
4th of -May, lUOl, and was laid to rest in tlii' 
cemetery at Baker City. Three children 
were born of this marriage, as follows: 
Francis H.; Albert D.; and Ethel, the wife 
of John llinchey, of this county. 

Mr. Sturgill is a member of the Iti'nevcilent 
Protective Order of Elks, the Woodmen m 
the World, and the Fraternal Union. In liis 
political views he is a socialist. Ilis resi- 
dence in the county covers a period of more 
than forty six years, and he enjoys a very 
wide and favorable acquaintance among its 
citizens, nniny of whom are stanch friends 
of long years' standing. 

HARVEY HARRISON is proprietor of n 
bakery in the city of Baker. He was born 
on a ranch seven miles north of this place 
Februarv 17, 187.'), and is of English lineage. 
both of his parents, Oeorgc and Fanny 
iTovnton) Harrison, being natives of Kng- 
land, ill which country they were reared. 
The mother lived in Linccdnsliire and after 
crossing the Atlantic to the new world in 
1870 she made her way direct to Huker 
count.v, Oregon, and was marrieil here. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Harrison spent their remain 
ing days in Itaker county, the lather dying 
on the ranch when his son Harvey was but 
a year old. His widow ever reinaine<l true 
to his memory and passed awny at Maker in 
1900. at the "age of sixty-two yi'urs. They 
were the parents of lliree children; Willie, 
who was born in 187:'. and died in lUOl; llnr 
vey; and Mary J., who is the wife of T. It. 
Landretli, of Baker. 

Harvey Harrison has spent his entire life 
in his native county and moit of the time 
has live<I in the city which is still hi* liotmv 
In the acquirement of Ilis ediicnlinn he pa^ 
sed through consecutive grades to lii« grndini 
tioii from the high school with the dim "f 
1903. lie also spi'iit six months n« ii pupil in 
the Portland I'niversity and he entered bii"i- 
ness life by securing employment nt drivinR 
a bakery wagon for Chnrbn Holling'worth 
and when the latter sold out to W. K. Baker. 
Mr. Harrison remnined with his ««ere««or. 
That he prove<l capable, indiiitrioin mid 
trustworthy is indicated in the fact tlmt 
eventually he was admitted ton pBrlnership. 
Mr. Baker selling him nn intere«l in Hie 
business, which they condiirted together for 
eight or nine years. Since that time Mr. 
Harrison hn* been nione in the rondiirl of n 
similar enterpri.se. Iinving n well equipped 
bnkerv on Main utreet. lie owns the build- 



172 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ing in which lie carries on business — a two 
story briclc structure, twenty-five by one 
hundred feet. He carries an attractive line 
of bakery goods and confectionery, most of 
whieli he nuiimfactures, and his enterprise 
has proven a profitable one, being capably 
conducted and managed. He is also the 
owner of the place upon which he was born 
— a ranch of three hundred and twenty acres, 
devoted to the raising of hay. 

In 1904 Mr. Harrison was married to Miss 
Millicent Tribolet, who was born in Ohio and 
came to Oregon with her parents. They 
have one child, Robert. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Harrison are well known in Baker and have 
many good qualities, which have won for 
them a host of warm friends. Mr. Harrison 
certainly deserves great credit for what he 
has accomplished. Starting out in life 
empty-handed, he has worked his way stead- 
ily upward, utilizing each day to the best 
advantage until his knowledge of and skill 
in tlie business have placed hini in a fore- 
most position in this department of com- 
mercial activity. He is today the owner of 
a valuable and splendidly equipped plant and 
his annual sales have reacheil an extensive 
figure. 

HON. ISRAEL D. HAINES, who passed 
away two decades ago, enjoyed a reputa- 
tion more than state wide, for he was a 
lawyer of pronounced ability, winning for 
himself a name respected by every man in 
the profession throughout the state and 
bringing to his office many distinguished 
clients. His sincerity of purpose and broad- 
minded interest in the general welfare, com- 
bining with sterling integrity and worth a 
degree of native ability, entitle him to 
occupy a place of leadership and prominence 
among his fellows. A pioneer of pioneers, 
he knew well the topography and under- 
stood well the genius of the west, facts 
which caused him to become distinguished 
in the councils of the state during his long 
service in the Oregon legislature. 

The birth of Mr. Haines occurred in 
Xenia, Greene county, Ohio, on the 7th of 
December, 1827, being the second son of 
Reuben and Nancy (Connely) Haines, w'ho 
were natives of Augusta county, Virginia. 
The mother having departed this life three 
years after our subject was born, the father 
married a second time. Mr. Haines moved 
with his parents to Missouri in 1844, set- 
tling on the Chariton river near Blooming- 
ton, Macon county, where he resided until 
the spring of 1849. when as a youth of 
twenty-one, he bade farewell to home and 
friends and began the journey across plain 
and mountain to the wild and unknown 
Pacific Coiist country. He was then con- 
nected with the (piartermaster's department 
of the Rille Regiment, United States Army, 
comnuuulcd by Colonel W. W. Loring (better 
known later as a general in the Confederate 
army), which was ordered west to take 
possession of all Hudson Bay territory under 
tlie United States treaty with Great Britain. 
While en route he was stricken with cholera, 
but recovered from the disease, being in 



this respect more fortunate than many of 
his fellow comrades. After a journey beset 
with many dangers and hardships the regi- 
ment arrived at \'ancouver, taking posses- 
sion of the same. 

The following taken from Sir. Haines' own 
personal memoirs presents more vividl,v the 
difficulties encountered in his trip across the 
plains, and his earlier connection with the 
history of Oregon: 

"Gold was discovered in California in 1848. 
at Sutters Mill on the American river near 
Sacramento. 1 was at Uanibal on the Mis- 
sissippi river in the summer of 1848, wait- 
ing at the hotel for the steamboat to go 
down the Mississippi to St. Louis, and was 
talking to some men about the news of the 
discovery and told them that 1 was bound 
for California, although nothing but a boy. 
1 went to St. Louis and back to Blooming- 
ton, and with some others that had just 
returned from the Mexican war, fitted up a 
team in the fall of 1848, and su]i|)lies of all 
kinds for six of us, armed with bow ie knives, 
Allen's revolvers, and rides for the trip to 
California. I told the boys that I would 
go on up the Missouri river to Fort Leaven- 
worth ami Wostoii, Missouri. My brother 
Robert met me a few days later in Weston 
and informed me that a wagon would be 
along and we would go to St. Joseph, and 
meet it there about the first of May, 1849. 
But before this, or about this time, 1 be- 
came acquainted with some parties that 
were fitting out trains for the Rifle Regi- 
ment, ordered by the secretary of war to 
cross the plains to Oregon to take posses- 
sion of all the Hudson Bay territory and 
property, under the treaty made with the 
United States by Great Britain, with the 
result that on the 33d day of April, brother 
Robert and myself enrolled our names and 
were assigned to the quartermaster's de- 
partment under acting quartermaster, Lieu- 
tenant Frost, who later became a general in 
the Confedei'ate army. 

"In about two weeks, everything being in 
readiness, the regiment and trains started. 
Our first camp presented a most imposing 
appearance, being near a small stream, on 
a beautiful rolling prairie. The wagons, 
three hundred in number, were formed into 
a circle and fencing quite a large field. The 
soldiers, one thousand in number, had their 
tents pitched in regular order, making quite 
a city. It was really a pleasing sight to 
see so many fine animals and men, all 
seemingly in high spirits, enlivened by the 
martial music of the military band; but 
the pleasing .side was destined to soon wear 
off. Colonel Loring, our commanding officer, 
in order to facilitate our progress found it 
necessary to divide the command into three 
divisions giving to each one hundred wagons. 
I was assigned to the third division while 
brother Robert was transferred to the staff 
in the hospital department and was ordered 
forward with the first division in which he 
drove a six mule ambulance the remainder 
of the journe}'. Consequently I saw no more 
of him until we arrived at Fort Hall. Doc- 
tors Moses and Smith and one or two other 




ISKAKI. I). II.\1M> 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



175 



surgeons and the hospital stewards were 
kept very busy with the cholera patients. 
Every night more or less men were turned 
out of the ambulance my brother drove 
victims of the dreaded disease; and the 
regimental band played tlie dead march most 
every night, from the time we left Fort 
Leavenworth, until we arrived at Fort Lara- 
mie. Robert never took the cholera, al- 
though he handled the patients every day, 
taking them out of the wagon, and putting 
them in; but I, who was with the quarter- 
master train, where there were only three 
persons out of four hundred teamsters that 
had the cholera, was one of the victims. 
Thanks to Dr. Smith, regimental surgeon, 
who blistered me all over and doped me 
with opium and sugar of lead pills, I sur- 
vived the cruel cholera crisis. 

"How well I remember coming to Green 
river, and then over to Bear river, and 
across the divide over to Snake river at Fort 
Hall, where we turned in seventy-tive wagons 
and left some troops and mules; and well 
remember coming on, down around the bend 
of Snake river through Idaho, and into 
Oregon, then known as Oregon territory. 
And well do I remember coming into Pow- 
der River valley about the first of Septem- 
ber, 1S49. The rye grass in this valley was 
so high that when we turned our mules out 
we had trouble in finding them, for at that 
time we had. after leaving those at Fort 
Laramie and Fort Hall, about three thousand 
animals, consisting of horses, mules and 
cattle. We camped here and all went fish- 
ing for trout in Powder river and Chris 
Hinkler's slough. We had with us some 
Freiberg mineral experts, who prospected for 
gold on the Chris H inkier slough and also 
on the Xorth Powder river, and they found 
the glittering metal and so reported to Col- 
onel Loring and the secretary of war. We 
went over the Ladd road to Grande Ronde 
valley, where our sappers and miners worked 
upon the road along Ladd creek and hill, so 
that we could get across the valley, crossing 
about where Old LaGrande now stands. 
They were sent ahead to work on the road 
over the Blue Mountains, so that we could 
get over with the regiment and teams, and 
were instructed to treat with the Indians, 
that the emigrants might travel with more 
safety. We arrived at Umatilla near the 
middle of September, and found plenty of 
grass. There we made acquaintance with 
the Indians and presented tliem with scarlet 
cloth and beads, and a couple of horses; and 
they returned to Colonel Loring three or 
four very fine cayusc horses, and about n 
dozen fine beef cattle, which wa.f a rare treat 
to the regiment and quartermasti-r men, for 
we once more had good juicy beefsteaks. 

"After traveling sonu' humlred milrs down 
the Columbia river, we arrived at The Dallex, 
where we remained about a week to recu- 
perate. Owing to deaths and desertion the 
command was now reduced to about one- 
third, and a hard looking lot to h<-hold. 
Here we took the palisades of the old Meth- 
odist Mission, which were formirly utrd a<> 
a protection against the Indian'. From 
v.l. II— s 



these we made a raft by bolting the heweil 
logs together with the 3,000 iron picket 
pins, used by the regiment to picket hun«o« 
and mules. After the rait wa.< (<.inpleted, 
I intended going down on the same to the 
Cascade Falls, but by mere accident I did 
not get oir. But two of my messmatiti, 
John and Henry Macklin, anil a man by 
the name of Biglow, sadler of the regiment, 
and Miller, a carpenter. Kinlock. and an 
Irishman named \'augliii, captain of the raft, 
and one other named Ford did go down the 
river with disasteriuis risults. The raft 
was loaded with t|uarteriuaster store*, »ud 
dies, bridles, spurs, camp e<|uipage, and 
boxes of dragoon revolvers ami Bome rillen. 
Toward evening whi'ii they hail arrived op- 
posite the landing of the l'p|K'r Oaacudei. 
the men wanted Vaughn to land the raft. 
but he demurred, and .Inhn and Henry .Mack 
lin paid an Indian sixteen ilollars to tuki' 
them ashore in bis canoe. TId'H KiiiliN'k 
wanted Caiitain \'auglin to land the ruft. and 
he said, 'No, I am going to run hrr on 
down, if I run her to hell.' He did run 
her down and when he got her in the cur- 
rent of the cascades, Kiidock. a big Scotch- 
man, caught \'aughn around the waist and 
said to liini: 'You were going to run the 
cascades or run the raft to hell, now we 
are going to hell together.' lie held him 
like a vise, and the rait went over the ( a-»- 
cade Falls; and not a particle of the log!* 
or anything else was ever seen afterward, 
except that Ford and Biglow, who were 
washed ashore by the current, were saved, 
but nothing was ever seen of Kinlock or 
Vaughn. 

"We crossed the Cascade Mountains on 
what is now known as the Harlow rond. ar- 
riving at Ori'gon City lui the 151 h day of 
October, where we remained for three <l»y«. 
We Were short of supplies coming over the 
mountains and coiisei|Ueiitly hud to aub- 
sist on about a one half ration, exc<-pt for 
beef straight, and that was poor and tough. 
Leaving Oregon City and going dnwn the 
Willamette river, on the Inut lap of our 
journey in Uncle Sam's service, to the great 
Oregon country, we crossed the ('olumbia at 
.'^witzler8 ferry and enfereil Fort Vaninuvrr. 

Washington, aixl took ch ' " -im» 

pursuant to the treaty v 'in. 

Vancouver was the main , of 

the Hiidson'.s liny Company, pxti-nrting to 
the 19th parallel" north Itt'titudr Urolhrr 
Robert and myself weri- ilis.lm- i>«i4 

olT with Mevii-nn d"lliir« m ■<n*, 

there In-ing no Inited ^i ni this 

country at that I line W, \li'\ir«n 

dollars than we i-nubl yt\ -.,, .^tirr. and 
the troops sliirti'd vnrmii" MimiIp bank* on 
the sward iH-lween the fort »Mi| Ihn river, 
and we soon hod more or less Meiiran 
coins. While the others weri- pUyinit lh»lr 
games of Monte mi the green gra**, I *rnt 
to see about our rnnm'. and saw a man float 
ing down the river. I went l>«rk and re- 
ported to the b«>ys and with one of them. I 
took the ruiKK' anri pushed out into the 
river nnil ni^ led up the body and it proved 
to In- Miller. th« rsrpenirr of the rnri- 



176 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



meiit, that went over the Cascades on the 
raft fifteen days before. We took him 
ashore and buried him at the Fort. 

"Our regiment left Fort Leavenworth on 
the 10th day of JIay. 1849. and arrived at 
Oregon City on tlie 10th day of October. 
1849, completing a distance of two thousand 
three liundred and si.Kty miles. Cholera and 
desertions had reduced the regiment from 
one thousand to a little over three hundred 
men. Some of the men deserted during the 
winter following their arrival and headed 
for California, and were killed by the In- 
dians in Eogue River and Shasta valleys, 
for in the spring of 1850. I was witli a 
party in the Rogue River valley, who cap- 
tured a lot of Indians and found on them, 
soldiers buttons and revolvers, and gun caps 
strung on strings like beads. 

."After leaving Vancouver and the service, 
I went to Mihvaukie and helped to get out 
timbers for a Mr. Laullen. who built the 
first sawmill in Oregon. 1 worked at this 
until the rain came in November, when 1 
concluded to spend the winter in Portland. 
Portland at that time was but a small vil- 
lage containing about one hundred souls of 
a roving, restless disposition, but all with 
the same object and inirpose in mind: that 
of .searching for tliat hidden treasure, na- 
ture's most precious gift to humanity, and 
the regulating medium of societ,y — Oold." 

The spring of 1850, we lind Jlr. Haines 
buying horses and fitting out an expedition 
to go overland to California, tlie goal of his 
long trip to the Pacific 's golden shores. 
Leaving Portland the 15th of April, he 
traveled up the Willamette, over the Cala- 
pooia mountains and across the Umpqua 
and Rogue River valleys; over the Siskiyou 
mountains and across the Shasta valley; 
over the Shasta mountains and crossing the 
Sacramento river at Soda Springs. After an 
encounter witli the Indians lie arrived at 
Major Redding 's rancli, the prestnt site of 
Shasta. The latter |)lace was the first mark 
of habitation since leaving tlie I'mpqua, a 
distance of nearly tliree liundred miles of 
the most rugged mountaiiions country. 
From here he went over on Hopkins creek, 
and the South Feather river, where lie spent 
tlie summer mining; his diggings yielding 
never less than fifty dollars per day and 
fre(|uentl.v one thousand dollars a day. The 
fond dreams of his excited imaginations 
having been realized, he returned to Port- 
land, Oregon, sailing from San Francisco, 
and being out at sea for thirty-three days 
before reaching Astoria. In Portland lie 
and his brotlier engaged in the mercantile 
business, and remained there until 1853. 
when they moved to .lackson county and 
opened a general inercbandise store at .Tack- 
sonville. They were in business here but a 
short time wlieii the Randolph gold excite- 
ment broke out. They subsequently went to 
Coos Ray and erccteil the first house there, 
using it as a hotel and general merchandise 
store. Their goods arrived on the sailing 
vessel Synosure; Jlr. Haines acting as her 
pilot and guiding lior safely across the bar. 
she being tlie first sailing vessel that, laden 



with merchandise, ever entered tliat harbor. 
They returned to Jacksonville in tlie fall of 
1854, and carried on a general merchandising 
business until lS(5:i, when the subject of 
our sketch began to read law under the Hon- 
orable P. P. Prim, his brother Robert taking 
up the study of medicine. 

In 1864, Mr. Haines was admitted to the 
bar and began the practice of his chosen pro- 
fession, opening an office in Silver City, 
Idaho. He soon won distinction as a legal 
practitioner of unusual ability, and was re- 
tained as counsel in the Poor Man mining 
case, and maii.v other celebrated and im- 
]ioitaiit litigations. lie spent the winter 
of 18(;5-() in Sail l-'rancisco. having for com- 
panions Binger Herman, Thomas 11. Rrents, 
and others who have since become equally 
successful in public life. Here the brothers 
separated. Dr. Robert H. Haines remaining 
in San Francisco, engaging in the mining 
brokerage business. Up to this time they 
had been bosom I'ompanioiis in all business 
enterprises and adventures, exccqit d\iring 
the jieriod that Robert H. fouglit with Cap- 
tain W. II. Harris' Coos Coiiiity \oluiiteers, 
ill the Indian war of 1855-1). In the spring 
III 1866 Mr,. Haines began the return trip 
to Idaho, and while pa.ssing through eastern 
Oregon he met a number of old friends and 
comrades of the "days of '49." at Auburn in 
Baker county. By these he was persuaded to 
remain, liut not long, however, for the iie-xt 
year he moved to Baker City where he re- 
sided ever since, again turning liis attention 
to the practice of law, beginning his career 
of success and usefulness as an attorney and 
political leader. He was a standi democrat 
anil a strict partisan. 

As a mail of atl'aiis he has worn the hon- 
ors of an admiring constituencv and en- 
joyed a distinguished reputation in the state 
as a shrewd, just, and loyal representative 
of the people of Baker county in both 
houses of the legislature for a continuous 
])eriod of ten vears, in which bodv be previ- 
ously represented .lackson county in the 
lower bouse ill 186:i. Mr. Haines was a 
ready speaker and took an active part in all 
debates. His long service in the legislative 
assembly has caused his name to become al- 
most a househhold word in the history of 
our state. It was largely due to his ef- 
forts that the county seat of Baker county 
was removed from Auburn to Baker City 
in 1869. Mr. Haines became the owner of 
extensive landed interests and great herds 
of sheep in Powder River valley, and also 
accumulated much valuable realty in Baker 
City. He likewise founded the town of 
Haines, which has now become an important 
sliippiiig point for the produce raised in the 
valley. The townsite is still owned by his 
heirs. 

Ill Baker City. Oregon, on the 2:5d of 
Xovember, 1871, Mr. Haines was joined in 
wedlock to Miss Sarah ilinerva Dorsett, a 
native of Quiiicy, Illinois, and daughter of 
James A. and Sarah Ann (Ross) Dorsett of 
southern lineage, who crossed the plains to 
.\iiburn. this state, in 1864. Unto them 
were lioiii live cliildieii, iiainely: Stella M., 



THE CEXTP]\.\IAL IIISTOKV OF ()RK(i()N 



177 



» 



who is now the witV of Judge J. B. Messiok 
of Baker L'ity; Robert W.. an aeeountant and 
bookkeeper, and raptain of Conipany A. 
Third Infantry. Oregon National liuard. of 
Baker City: Amy C. a stenographer and 
teacher, of Baker City; .1. David, a musical 
director and teaelier, and lieutenant in the 
National Guard, of Baker City; and Elsie A., 
who is deceased. 

In 1873, after twenty-four years of suc- 
cessful adventure in the west and having 
enjoyed some of the good things pertaining 
to this life. .\Ir. Haines and liis brother 
Robert made an extended tour of the east- 
ern states and visited their <dd honn> for the 
last time. The year next following, Mr. 
Haines received tlie |)aiMful intelligence of 
the death of this brother in San Francisco, 
who then was married but six months. 

Fraternally Mr. Haines was identified with 
the Independent Onler of Odd Fellows, his 
name being on the charter of JSaker Lodge. 
Xo. 2.'). and he attained the high otllie of ])ast 
chief patriarch of Klcazar ICncanipnient Xo. 
7. a degree of tin- sann-, at Baker City. His 
demise, which occurred oji the lilth of .lune, 
1S92, was the occasion of deep and wide- 
spread regret. Xo man was ever more re- 
spected, and no man ever more fully enjoyed 
the confidence of the ])eople; and none ever 
better deserved such respect and confi- 
dence. In his lilVtime the people of 
hi.s .state, recognizing his merit, rejoiced 
in his advancement and in the honors to 
which he attained, and since his death they 
have cherished liis nn'Uiory. Tt is an im 
portant public duty to honor anil perpetuate 
as far as possible the nienn>ry ot an eminent 
citizen — one Avho by his bhuneless and hon- 
orable life and distinguished .career re- 
llected credit not only upon his lity and 
state but upon the whole country. Through 
sui'h nn-nnirials as this at harnl the indi- 
vidual and character of his services are kept 
in rememlirance and the importance of those 
services ackiiowlcilgid. Mis I'Xample in 
whatever lield his work nniy have been ilone, 
thus stands as an objeit lesstni to those who 
come after him. and though dead he still 
speaks. Long after all recollection of his 
personality shall have faded from the minds 
of men. the less perishabli' record nniy tell 
the story of his life and connneml his ex- 
ample for .imitation. The period of his res 
idence in this part of the country covered 
forty-three years and during that time he 
witnessed and aideil the work of npbnililing 
and di'veloping. until the frontier region had 
been transformed into a district reph-te with 
all the eviilences of an advanced civilization. 
His widow still survives and nnikes her home 
in Maker City, where she has a host of wann 
pi'rsonal frieinls. 

ED I. BUTZE has been engagi'd in the 
mining ajid riiacliincr.v bnsinesi throngliont 
his entire life and has a wide nci|nBint«nce 
among the old-time citizen-t interested along 
similar lims. He established liis present 
business in Maker in 1004, and in .Inne. I'»I0. 
the pre^i'nl lirni of McKiiii ic Company "iis 



organized, the senior partner being liis 
father in law. They do general repair work 
and handle all kinds of m-w and sei-oiidluind 
mining and sawmill machinery. .\|r. Ilut/e 
is yet a young man but has alri-aily inude for 
himself a criKlitalde po^iticui in business cir- 
cles anil has the energy and determination 
which prompts further success. He was Uirn 
at Conner Creek. Baker county, Oregon, in 
a log cabin on Lookout Mountain, (>et»lH<r 
10, 18H(1, and wa> the first white cliilil Uirn 
of that stream. His parents were Kil anil 
.Mollie (•iensenl Mutze, the latter a native ol 
Denmark, born in lS.-,7, and the former Inirn 
in San Fernandina, Florida, in is.-.ii. During 
the last year of the war the lather ran 
away from Tallahassee College in Florida 
and joined a reginn>nt i«f Kentucky cavalry. 
.\fter the war he joiniil the Cniteil State. 
Iteg'ili'i's which did frontier duty at ( lie» 
enne. Wyoming, and built Fort HridgeiT. 
After three years his term of service ex- 
pire<l in Montana, and in that state he en 
gaged in placer mining lor gold and silver 
Later he went to Rocky Mar, lihilio. at 
tracteil by the mineral depu-its nf that In 
eality. There he was niarrieil in l>*7'.i. and 
then came to Baker county, Oregon, which 
section of tlie country he had previiin«ly 
visited. Here he (Kintinued to I'ollnw mining, 
being one of the first men to sink \irtne 
shaft at \'irtiie Flat. He afterward re 
moved to Virginia City. Nevada, where he 
remained for a number of years but retirisl 
in IS1I7. He had charge of Fnrekii anfl F\ 
cclsior mines as supenntemlent l<M alaiiit 
live years and was widely known in mining 
circles throughout the northwest. He died 
in lanuarv, lOOt). while engaged in the inin 
ing business on the Inmtier on Snake river, 
and was there burieil one hundriHl and ten 
miles from civilization, his gravi- overliMiking 
the Snake river at the heal nf thi- ninyon. 
There was no nppurtunity to liring his ImhIv 
liack beianse it was winter time and there 
were poor facilities fur IninniMirlaliiin. In 
politics he was a staiu-h dt-mocrut, and he 
waH one of the early inemhers of the hide 
pendent Onler of Odd Fellows in lliiker. His 
wife had come to the Ciiitisl Stales with her 
parents who crossed the plains, and ii|i<in ar 
riving at Salt Ijike had some trouble «illi 
the Mormons after «liicli Iwn comiwinles i>( 
I'llited States troops esiorted fheni Ik iIic 
Idaho state line. They •ettlisl in the ll<iisr 
valley of Idaho, and .m.. Miri went to 
Rocky Mar where .Mrs. ' marrinl. 

She now resides at Kell- with tirr 

daughter. Ijiveine. who wns iMirn in Virginia 
rity, ill IHS.'i, and is now the wifr •>( Karl 
M. CnM-kwell, an eli-ctricinn nf that pUr<<. 
Kd I. Ilnt/e was the second rhihl of that 
family niid the eldest wiis Molie M 
died in \irginia < ity, Idnhn. at > 

six years. Tli' '■•'■-•■ " ■- ■•' : -.;•' 

all the early n West r\- 

cept tl lie II' '■■•■ niwl li"" 

l<M-nte<| the Mine lleil mine at Ki»leniii Ijike. 
iMtn he nprrTfi ! in Urillsh ('nliimlda and 
nil throiu'' '' and also viailrri the 

|M>iiits of • iiienl in th«> n<irllinr«l. 

lie iiifiile t^^'> [••rfiines but lost lltrm. 



178 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



Ed I. Butze resided with his parents until 
1897 and during that time spent seven years 
in mining, serving as foreman, assaj'er and 
superintendent at different times. In 1904 
he withdrew from mining and engaged in 
the iron business in Baker until 1910, when 
he started his present business in connection 
with his father-in-law, R. H. McKim, under 
the firm style of McKim & Company. They 
handle all kinds of new and secondhand min- 
ing and sawmill machinery, and do general 
repair work. While connected with mining 
interests Mr. Butze was superintendent of 
the Spirit Lake Power & Mining Company at 
Chehalis, and operated their mine at ilount 
St. Helens, Washington. When he was 
thirty years of age he and his partner re- 
turned "to his birthplace at Conner creek, and 
purchased the old machinery of the Conner 
creek mines and hauled it out. It had been 
hauled in the first place from Umatilla, a 
distance of about three hundred miles, but 
they had only four miles to haul it out to 
the railroad, a fact indicating the develop- 
ment that has been carried on in this part of 
the state in the interval. They also pur- 
chased the old plant of the Cornucopia mine 
and hauled it out for old iron. ilr. Butze 
has been in the mining and machinery busi- 
ness throughout his life and has been in 
close connection with many of the old-time 
citizens who have been for years far from 
civilization; in fact, he has a very wide ac- 
quaintance with those who have been 
pioneers in the development of the rich re- 
sources of the northwest. 

In 1903 Mr. Butze was married to Miss 
Weetie McKim, ivho was born in Bay City. 
Michigan, -June, 18S1, and is a daughter of 
Robert H. McKim. Her father was born at 
Perth. Ontario, October 13. 1S58, and was a 
son of Robert and Margaret (Allen) McKim, 
natives of Glasgow, Scotland, whence they 
came to Canada, she at the age of ten years 
with her parents and he about the same 
time. They were married at Perth and there 
resided until 1875 when they removed to Bay 
City, Michigan, where their remaining days 
were passed. They died within a month of 
each other in 1907. Mr. McKim at the age 
of eighty-seven years, his wife at the age of 
eighty-nine. For thirty years he followed 
merchandising in Perth but later lived re- 
tired in Bay City. Robert H. McKira was 
one of nine children, six daughters and three 
sons. He resided at Perth until 1875 and 
there attended school. He then went to Bay 
City, Michigan, and learned the machinist's 
trade at the Industrial Works at Bay City, 
in which he spent three and one half years. 
He next started a small shop of his own and 
later conducted a similar business at Spo- 
kane, Washington, where he sold out just 
prior to thi' great fire of 1889. He tlien re- 
moved to Tallapoosa. Georgia, where he spec- 
ulated in real estate for nine months, after 
which he returned to Bay City where he con- 
ducted a grocery store for eleven years. In 
1900 he arrived in Baker, Oregon, and oper- 
ated the Golden Gate Group mine for two 
and one-half years, at tlie end of which time 
he entered the machine shop of the Baker 



City Engine Works in which he continued for 
five years. He spent two years as foreman 
of tlie Blue Mountain Iron Works. He next 
established his present machine shop in con- 
nection with his son-in-law, Ed Butze, under 
the firm name of McKim & Company. 

It was in August, 1880, that Mr. McKim 
was married in Bay City, Michigan, to Miss 
Louise Simon, who was born December 17, 
1858 a daughter of Philip Simon. The four 
children of this marriage are: Weetie, now 
Mrs. Butze; Leta, the wife of L. D. Brown, 
an attorney of Dallas, Oregon; Menzie, who 
married Myrle Palmer, a daughter of Alayor 
C. A. Palmer, of Baker; and Margaret, who 
is yet in school. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Butze has 
been blessed with three children, Katherine 
Louise, Weetie Marie and Edwin Robert. The 
parents are widely and favorably known, hav- 
ing a circle of warm friends who hold them 
in high esteem. Mr. Butze has served as 
justice of the peace in Baker county and 
was the second city recorder of the town of 
Bourne. He is not a party man in politics 
Init casts his ballot for the candidate whom 
he thinks best qualified for office. Both Mr. 
Butze and Mr. McKim have led active, busy 
and useful lives, and the sterling qualities 
of manhood and citizenship commend them 
to the confidence and esteem of those with 
whom they have been brought in contact. 

JULIUS HUDEMANN, who now lives re- 
tired in Pendleton, was born in Germany, 
November 30, 1848. His parents were Fer- 
dinand and Louisa (Schafer) Hudemann, both 
of whom were natives of Germany and spent 
their entire lives in that country. In their 
family were seven children, of whom only 
two are now living: Julius, of this review; 
and Charles, of California. 

•Julius Hudemann was reared in Germany 
and there received a common-school educa- 
tion rounding out the same with a course 
that corresponds to a high-school and agri- 
cultural college education in this country. 
Leaving school he served in the army there 
and remained in his native land until after 
the death of his parents. In 1873 he came 
to America, settling in McLean county, Illi- 
nois, where he resided until 1884, at which 
date he came to Umatilla county, Oregon, 
and settled on a tract of railroad land. Later 
he took up a homestead and resided on the 
same until 1906, when he moved to Pendle- 
ton. He now owns seventeen hundred acres 
of land and has a beautiful residence in 
Pendleton. 

In 1878 Mr. Hudemann wedded Miss Mar- 
garet Eggers, who was a native of Germany 
and when only seven years of age came to 
America with her parents, Henry and Cath- 
erine Eggers, both of whom were natives of 
Germany but are now living in California.- 
In their family were eight children. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hudemann have become the parents 
of eleven children: Ferdinand H., who ope- 
rates the old homestead; Marie E., who is 
the wife of Walter F. Krebs. of Wash- 
ington; Dora E.. who is the wife of George 




.MR. .\XD Miy?. .ULUS in DKM.VNN 



THF 




MTOR. L£- 
T1L0EH 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ORJ-:gON 



181 



Schrader, of Idaho; Ellen \\., who is now 
Mrs. Carl Ford, of Spokane, Washington; 
Bertha K., the wife of 0. D. Uaminger, 
of Adams, Umatilla county. Oregon; Cora 
M., the wife of John Maschmann, of Pendle- 
ton; Clara J., now Mrs. Henry J. Rosen- 
berg, also of Pendleton; Carl E., who is 
now a student at the Pendleton Business 
College; Martha M., who is attending high 
school; Freda M.; and Louise, who died at 
the age of eleven years. 

Mr. Hudemann casts his vote with the 
democratic party, and he has given much 
attention to the interests of education, hav- 
ing now served as a member of the .school 
board for over eighteen years. Both he and 
his wife are earnest workers in the Luth- 
eran church. He is a worthy representa- 
tive of the land of his birth and has con- 
tributed largely to the development arul |>ros- 
perity of the community in which he resides. 
He has a wide and favorable aci|uaintance in 
L'matilla county and is justly accounted as 
a man who lias the strength of character 
and stability of purpose to carry to success- 
ful completion whatever he undertakes. 

THOMAS K. CAMPBELL, formerly con- 
tractor, quarryman and lumberman, is now 
a member of the State Board of Railway 
Commissioners of Oregon. His birth occur- 
red in St. Anthony, Minnesota, on the 2.1d 
of September. ISfjT. his parents being Wil- 
liam P. and Catherine (Murphy | Campbell, 
both of whom were born in Ireland. They 
came to America rather early in life and lo- 
cated in Minnesota where they were subse- 
quently married. The father was a stone 
mason by trade but later engaged in con- 
tracting. Prior to the Civil war he emi- 
grated to Missouri and later to Ix-aven- 
worth, Kansas, where his death ocrurrod in 
1877. The mother settled in I iregon with 
her son Thomas K. after her husband's death 
and resided there until 1901 in which year 
she passed away. 

Reared under the parental roof and acquir- 
ing such education as the public scIkhiIs of 
I.«avenworth. Kansas, afforded. Thomas K. 
Campbell began earning his own livelihood 
by accepting an apprenticeship at stone cut- 
ting. As there was hut little work to be 
done in that one locality in eastern Kansas 
he drifted across the country, traveling over 
much of the territory of the middle went 
while working at this trade, riceasionally. 
as time permitted, he engagol in contracting 
and building, and became a well known 
builder and contractor. His operntionn in 
this line were such as to bring him consiiler- 
able renown because of his capability n* a 
workman and his integrity as a l«nines% 
man. In 1890 he came west, hx-nting (ir«t 
in Salt Lake City where he erected the N"ut«- 
ford Hotel, the Dooley block and the .\rc«ile 
building. These three structures alone would 
attest his ability as a contractor and Imihler. 
and because of their excellence in workman- 
ship and design he has frequently s.rurrd 
contracts for other buildintfs of a •imilnr 
character. In 1892 Mr. Campbell continued 



his way westward to PortUnd. In that city 
he continued his e.vtensive o|HTat|i>ii'., «nJ he 
had the cut stone contract lor the liuildini; 
of the city hall. He o|H-nfil ,-\i,.i|.: 
ries at Waterville, Wvonnni;. 
them with the most iiio<hTn i^ 
This, however, jiroved an unt 
turc. the panic of 1S93 susp<'i 
operations shortly after he hud invrsiwi 
heavily in the e4|uipnient for the <|uarrie». 
but one failure was not sullicient to daunt 
his courage and determination to «ucc«>«d, 
and realizing that Oregon olTercil great op 
portunities to a capable lumb.-r man he en 
;;aged in the tind)er business in the southern 
part of this state. He wn» prominently 
identified with lumber circles for leven yeor« 
as president of the Pacilic TinilH-r t'omiMiny. 
His hopes were not entirely realized in thU 
enterprise because of the 'prohibitive r«le« 
imposed upon timber shipping by the llarrl- 
man lini'S. Many of the lorH' ' ' < In 

lumber in southi'rn Oregon i leir 

undertakings beniuse of the .: 
the heads of the railroads. l 
led to the creation of the ~' 
Commission, and because of .Mr. t. aniplirUV 
vigorous light for the rights of the timlirr- 
nien he was brought prominently Ix-fore the 
lumbermen of the state. A petition which 
was widely circulated anil signed by many 
prominent timlMTmcn ami well known citi 
Zens of the state, Was presentMl to .Mr. 
trampbell with a rci|iiest tliiit he serve a* » 
member of the lirst txiard afti'r its creation 
in Fc-bruary, 1907. For some time he w«» 
reluctant to assume the heavy respon«ibililT 
which such an oflice would naturally involvd, 
but after naich pressure he c<in«"iil»"l to ac- 
cept the ollice. Accordingly. • ■ I oi 
February, he was ap|>ointe<l a t the 
l>oard in which capacity he h.i ved 
I'ontinuously and ably. His ci >nd 

energ}' have always been ilirect. , iich 

lines as will bring the greatest iM-nelll to 
the greatest number of citi/en*. His opinloa 
and help have never l)een iKiught but Iuit* 
always b4'en the direct oiilcome of much "-"O- 
scienlious thought and inlc|lii;cnt review of 
whatever case was before the rommi««|nn. 
Ill this otiice he is II"' ' ' ' . •' 

present citizens of i > 

r... I 1... t..r in the lu , -.. . 

M of the lumber nxounr* o( tb* 

I ' i'ell. 

in li'.m .Mr. Canipliell v 
Mary <)'( onnor. n imiiv.- 
To their union - 
of whom survi> 
is residing in ^ 
triide, Catherine 
are student' •■■ 
p;ii'anor, w 
family arc 
and Mr. ( 
IVneTolent 
have •- 
life «l 



i»e 
•O- 



182 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



cial relations. The zeal witli which he has 
devoted his energies to the service of the 
people, the careful regard vrhich he evinces 
at all times for their interests and his assid- 
uous and unrelaxing attention to all details 
concerning his undertakings have brought 
him the esteem of the citizens of the state of 
Oregon. 

THOMAS T. SHELL, who is a member of 
the prominent firm known as the Shell 
Mercantile Company, of Wallowa, was born 
in Norway, .January 28, 1857. He was reared 
in his native country and received his early 
education in the common schools there. 
Throughout his boyhood days he was en- 
gaged as a helper in the work on the farm 
and on reaching manhood he took charge of 
and operated the whole farm until the spring 
of 1883. In that year he came to America, 
locating in Decorah, Io«'a, where lie worked 
on a farm during the summer and went to 
school in the winter, working in the mean- 
time for his board. In 1886 Mr. Shell went 
to Fillmore county, Minnesota, where lie was 
again employed in farm work until the fall 
of 1887, when he started west, stopping for 
a short time in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 
Later he went to Montana and was employed 
in a roundhouse of the Great Northern Rail- 
road until September. 1888, when he received 
a letter from his cousin, Mr. Skallet, with 
whom he had crossed the ocean, asking him 
to become his partner in the mercantile busi- 
ness. Accordingly they established a mer- 
cantile store in Rolhi. North Dakota, under 
the firm name of Skallet & SIicll. This 
partnersliip continued for seven years, when 
Mr. Shell purchased the interest of Mr. Skal- 
let, and later took in as partner Mr. R. E. 
Rognas. with whom he continued in business 
under the firm name of Shell & Rognas for 
seven years. Then Mr. Shell sold his interest 
to Mr. Rognas and together with his first 
partner. Mr. Skallet. engaged in tiie mer- 
cantile business at Saint Anthony, Idaho, 
again under the firm name of Skallet & 
Shell. He remained there until 190.'; when, 
selling out, he located in Moscow, Idaho, pur- 
chased a residence and began looking about 
for a business location. Finally he located 
in Wkllowa. in 1006, and in October of that 
year, together with his nephew, Theodore 
Sh(dl, he opened a mercantile store, under 
the firm name of Shell & Company. In 
.January, ltl07, the firm was organized and 
was incorporated as Shell, Combs & Com- 
pany, remaining thus until August, 1910. 
At that date Mr. Driver purchased the share 
of Mr. Combs and the firm name was 
changed to the Shell Mercantile Company. 
This company is now carrying on an exten- 
sive and successful business. 

In ISOli Mr. Shell was married to Miss 
Julia Rognas, who is a native of Norway but 
was brought to America by her parents when 
she was two years of age. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Shell have been born six children, Ann K.. 
Stanley Klnathan, llcssie J., Lillian T.. Edith 
M. and Thorstein R., all of whom are at 
home. In his political views Mr. Shell is a 
democrat and while in R611a, North Dakota, 



he was persuaded by his political partisans 
to allow his name to be used as county 
treasurer on that ticket. In Rollette county 
the republican party had a majority of about 
two to one, but regardless of that fact Mr. 
Shell was elected county treasurer, which 
shows his popularity among his associates. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Shell are members of the 
Presbyterian church and he is an elder in 
the same. Mr. Shell has ever been a highly 
honored citizen of the county in which he 
has chtisen to make his home and he is an 
extremely successful and well liked mer- 
chant. 

THOMAS A. RINEHART in whom one 
sees a self-educated, self-made man, has 
wisely and conscientiously used his time and 
talents, thus gradually working his way up- 
ward until he now occupies a responsible 
jiosition in the governmental service of Ore- 
gon as state land agent. His fitness for this 
position was demonstrated in his fidelity in 
other official connections. He is one of Ore- 
gon's native sons, having been born in Lane 
county, near Eugene, on the 34th of July, 
1859. His parents were John and Sarah E. 
(Edwards) Rinehart, the former a native of 
eastern Tennessee, while the latter was born 
on Staten Island, New York. They were 
married in Oskaloosa. Iowa, to which place 
they had removed with their respecti\'e par- 
ents. They took up their abode upon a farm 
in Mahaska county, that state, about five 
years after their marriage. In 1852 they re- 
moved westward to Oregon and on the trip 
across the plains their oxen died. For a 
thousand miles the mother rode a cayuse 
pony on a saddle improvised by herself, ford- 
ing the streams seated on the pony's back, 
and traveling day after day over long 
stretches of hot sand or through mountain 
passes until they arrived in Oregon, which 
was then under territorial rule. Mr. Rine- 
hart had at that time a cash capital of eight 
dollars. They had been compelled to aban- 
don their wagons on the plains and had en- 
dured many hardships and privations on the 
trip, but at length they reached the north- 
west, spending the first winter in the vicin- 
ity of Salem. The following spring they re- 
moved to Lane county and the father se- 
cured a tract of one hundred and sixty acres 
of land, upon which the family remained un- 
til 1869. In that year a removal was made 
to Gilliam county, but the school system in 
that district had not then been organized 
and, not wishing to deprive his seven children 
of educational advantages, Mr. Rinehart af- 
ter two years removed to the fhande Ronde 
valley, in ITnion county. Again he became 
identified with agricultural interests, ac(|uir- 
ing a section of productive land upon which 
he and his wife made their home until they 
were called to their final rest, the mother 
passing away in 1880 and the father in lS9-t. 
John Rinehart was a democrat in his politcal 
views but was never an aspirant for ollice. 
While largely denied educational oppor- 
tunities himself, he took a deep interest in 
the schools and the development of the edu- 
cational system of the state and his labors 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



183 



constituted a dominant factor in the build- 
ing of several of the pioneer scliool-houses of 
Oregon. He gave to his children excellent 
advantages, resolving that they should have 
the benefits of intellectual trainin); which he 
lacked. 

Oregon was still in the period oi its pi- 
oneer development when Thomas A. Rine- 
hart entered upon the scene of his earthly ac- 
tivities. He acciuircd liis primary cducjition 
in the district schools and in 1S7S, when 
nineteen years of age. left home to enter the 
State University of Eugene. He provided for 
his own education by working his way 
through college and six years elapsed ere he 
had completed the course, for at times he 
was forced to discontinue his studies in 
order to earn the money to pay for his tui- 
tion and the other expenses of a college 
course. After his first arrival at the uni- 
versity and the i)urcliase of his hooks he 
had but seventy-live cents remaininu:. The 
work which he actually did in the university 
covered three years and in the intervening 
periods he engaged in teaching school, thus 
replenishing his depleted exclieiiuer. The 
determination and perseverance which he 
displayed in thus acquiring an wlucation 
have been salient characteristics of hii 
throughout his entire life and have consti- 
tuted the substantial foundation upon which 
his success has been builded. 

In 1SS.J he returned to Union county, 
where he entered upon the profession "f 
teaching and at the same time carried on 
farming until 1902. As his financial re 
sources increased he added to his landed 
possessions until he was the owner of four 
hundred and eighty acres, making his pur 
chases when the land was cheap. Since IW' 
he has remained almost continm>usly in pub- 
lic otlice. In that year he was appointed 
deputy in the county assessor's olVice of 
Inion county and served in that capacity for 
five vears. after which he was eU'cted county 
assessor. Two years later he resigned to uc 
cept his present" position as state land agent, 
being the first man appointed to any onicc 
by flovernor Oswald West. He came to thin 
position well e<inipped for the duties devi.lv 
ing upon him for he has been a wide traveler 
over the state, having visited every section 
of Oreg<m and made a thorough study of the 
possibilities of Oregon land. He i.o. there- 
fore, particularly well adapted to the work 
which devolves upon him in his present of- 
ficial connection, and the record which he m 
making in ollice is a most crerlitnble one. 

On the 29th of Deceml)er, 1S>^«. Mr. Rinr 
hart was united in marriaBe to Mis. nettie 
A. Murchison, a native of Unh.n ...nnty. Ore 
gon and a daughter of Murdn Murchison, 
who located in that county with the Srotcb 
settlement in 1S62. Mr. and Mrs. Rinehnrt 
have no children of their own but are renrinK 
Winifred Stewart. 

Mr. Rinehart has always given hi.i poIit_ 
ical allegiance to the democratic party and 
for four vears he served us nostnin«ter of 
Summerviile, administratinir O"' "'Tairs of 
that otrice in a prompt and emcient manner. 
Fraternallv he is connected with Hirmm 



Lodge, No. G7, F. i A. M., and also with the 
Urder of the Kiistern Star. Both he and hi» 
wife are m.enitwrs of the I'retibytFrian 
church and shape their lives in accnrdance 
with its teachings, endeavoring alway* to 
hoUl to high standards. In the hcIumiI of ex- 
perience Thomas .\. Rinehart Imo learned 
many valuable lessons ami is yet a student. 
He has learned to correctly \aliie life'ii c«)n- 
tacts and its experiences and his judgment 
and even-paced energy have rarrie,! him 
forward to the ^oal of .Huci-e«s. making hi« 
life at the same time a serviceabh- element 
in the work of general advancement and 
progress in the northwest. 

JAMES H. MIMNAUGH is the aecroUry 

and treasurer of the Nibley-Mitnnaugh Lum- 
ber Company, of Wallowa, whicli is one of 
the leading lumber firms in eastiTii Oregon 
lie was born in Stillwater, Minii<"*iitu, on 
.May 12, 1S72, the son of I'atrick and I'herpiui 
I Roach I .Mimnaugh the former a native of 
Ireland, born near Lomlonderry, and the lat- 
ter a native of Knglund, iMirn at Staler 
bridge, near Manchester. They Were married 
ill Lake I'ity, MiiinesotK, where Mr. Mim 
naiigh had learned the blaeksinitliing Iradr. 
Sub:.ef|Ueiitly they removed to .Stillwater, re- 
siding there two years, anil afterward to 
Kail I'laire, Wisciuisiii, when- the father !•«»• 
ducted a blacksmith shop very siicce«i%(ully 
until 1Sh;i, when he came to Oregon with L. 
(.'. Stanley and others and was jironiinenlly 
identilieil with the organiuition of the l.randp 
Roiide LiiniixT Company, which hod one o( 
the first large lumber mills in eastern Ore- 
gon, the same being l<M-ati'd at I'l-rry in I nion 
county, lie was prominently ii-i^'h laled with 
the Stanleys, in their extensive liimlH-r biwi 
iiess, for many years. In I'.lOti hi- caiiir to 
Wallowa and the fidlowing year U-came ron- 
neeted with the Nibley-Mimnoiigh Lumber 
Company, lie dieil here in I'Mis and bin "lie 
passed away the following year. 

.lames if. Mimnaugh remained at borne 
with his parents until he rearhed mnnhnoil. 
He aispiired bis early edin-alion in tlir com 

moil srhcwds of Kail Cloire. W ■- --" and 

Inti-r i-olllplelecl n lill«IIle-<« tho 

Kiiii Clain- biisiiioo ...11. ■'- ' in 

stitiition he was t'f" ' "' 

isyo. That some s]' i.'"n. 

locating in I'erry »h>i-- I. i'" I"™' 

tioii of stenographer nn-l (or th^ 

Oranile Rnnde Liiml»-r !• 
company his father »n- 

tlfied • ■ ' •' 

of 111. 

until I ' ■-, ■■ " 

of Union coiiiil ' '"' 

one term. In I '" ' 

arqiiirinit on inlrrr«l in the 

LiimU'r Coniiwnv h- «•«• m» ' 

the .ome. In C 

Wallowa nnil ' 

factors in ' " 

pany, of v 

tren«''- ■ 

The "J* 

mill i.a , , 'o' 

lumber anniiatlr •«k1 •" «"»e "• """ '""•' '"' 



184 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



portant industries of the Wallowa valley. 
It carries on an extensive business, finding 
market for its lumber in Idaho, Utah, and in 
many of the eastern states. 

On the 1:2th of April, 1899. ilr. Mimnaugh 
married Miss Ora JIason, the daughter of 
Dr. h. H. ilason, now deceased, who was a 
prominent physician and surgeon of La 
Grande for many years. To tliis marriage 
have been born two children, Eugene J. and 
Lillian. Mr. Mimnaugh is a democrat in his 
political views but never has sought nor eared 
to hold public olfice. preferring to give all 
his time and attention to his business inter- 
ests. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Kinsman Lodge. Xo. ST, K. P., and both 
he and Mrs. Mimnaugh are active work- 
ers in the Catholic church. He is ener- 
getic, industrious and extremely success- 
ful in the business world. He stands for 
progress and improvement in all things and 
his influence has been an element in the gen- 
eral advancement of his adopted city 
throughout his residence here. 

CAPTAIN OSCAR F. JACOBSON, owner 
of a beautiful residence at Newport and 
one of the best known men of western Ore- 
gon, is a native of Sweden. He arrived on 
the Pacific coast twenty- live years ago and 
has ever since made his home in this region. 
He was born at Gothenburg, on the 2d of 
April, 1864, a son of G. E. and Theodora 
(Dalborn) Jacobson. The mother died when 
the son Oscar was three years old. The 
father was three times married and had 
nineteen children, five of whom are now in 
.\merica. Two brothers of our subject are 
in Portlaiul, one is in Nome. Alaska, and a 
sister is at Newport. 

. Oscar F. Jacobson, the eldest of the chil- 
dren, was educated in the grammar schools 
and spent his boyhood and youth under the 
parental roof. As a member of a large 
family he ])erformed his ])art in assisting 
to carry forward the work upon his father's 
farm. After arriving at the age of sixteen 
he went aboard a sailing vessel and spent 
four years at sea, during which time he vis- 
ited the principal ports of Germany. Eng- 
land, France and other European countries. 
At twenty years of age he enlisted in the 
.Swedisli arm.v and served two years, gain- 
ing many lessons which proved of material 
benefit in later years. After giving up mili- 
tary life and visiting his old home he crossed 
the Atlantic to the I'nited States and in 
ISS" took up liis residence at -Astoria. Ore- 
gon, where he engaged in fishing and log- 
ging. He also was employed on the govern- 
ment jetty at Fort .Stevens. He spent nine 
years on the coast and then came to New- 
port and was em])l(iyed at the life-saving 
station for six years and ten months, serv- 
ing as No. 1 for six years of this period. 
lliis Avas at the old station on the south 
side. He then ent<'red the hotel b\isiness as 
proprietor of the Bay View House, which 
occupied the site upon which now stands the 
New Abbey. He conducted the hotel for 
three years, during most of the time also 
iniining a sti'anibunt in Vaquiiia. In this 



capacity he was first employed by Dr. M. 
51. Davis, now of Eugene, Oregon, and later 
was in charge of a boat for Captain John 
Marshall, of Portland, with whom he is now 
in partnership. They are owners of the 
steamer Newport, which operates in con- 
junction with the Southern Pacific and Cor- 
vallis & Eastern Railroads. The labors of 
Captain Jacobson have been well directed 
and he has just reason to congratulate him- 
self upon the selection of Newport .as his 
home. In addition to his handsome residence 
at Newport he is the owner of valuable real 
estate at Portland and enjoys a liberal an- 
nual income. 

In 1904 Captain Jacobson was married to 
Miss Julia Fogerty, a daughter of John and 
Nancy Fogerty, of Newport, and to this 
union three children have been born, namely: 
Michael Elmo, who is four years of age; 
Oscar Frederick, two years old and John 
Eugene. Fraternally he is identified with 
the Masonic order at Newport and the Elks 
at Albany, being a past master in the former 
organization. 

He is a valued member of the Newport 
Commercial Club, His religious belief is in- 
dicated by membership in the Lutheran 
church, while his wife is a member of the 
Episcopal church. In politics he affiliates 
with the republican party. He has taken a 
lively interest in local afiairs and has served 
as member of the city council. He is a 
broad-minded man, a true lover of his adop- 
ted county and a generous contributor to 
worthy causes. No name carries with it in 
a greater degree the good-will and apprecia- 
tion of friends and associates than that of 
Captain Jacobson. 

THOMAS E. GRANT has been successfully 
engaged in business as a general contractor 
01 Baker for the past two decades, having 
been awarded the contract for the construc- 
tion of most of the large and important build- 
ings of that place. His birth occurred in 
Bucks count.y, Pennsylvania, on the 36th of 
Sejitember, 1858, his parents being Thomas 
and Margaret (Coyle) Grant, both of whom 
are natives of Ireland. The father emigrated 
to the United States in 1849, while the 
mother crossed the Atlantic to this country 
in ISSO, Their marriage was celebrated on 
the 1st of June, 1856, and both are still liv- 
ing, now making their home in Norristown, 
Pennsylvania, Thomas Grant followed gen- 
eral agricultural pursuits throughout his 
active business career and also worked at the 
cooper's trade. Unto him and his wife were 
born the following children: Margaret, who 
is a resident of Norristown, Pennsylvania; 
Thomas E., of this review; Frank, a locomo- 
tive engineer of Philadelphia; Michael, who 
is a carpenter of Baker and resides with 
our subject; Mar.v, of Norristown, Pennsyl- 
vania; .Joseph, who is in the service of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company and re- 
sides in Philadelphia: Daniel, of Bridgeport, 
Pennsylvania, who is an engineer on the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad; Henry, liv- 
ing in Bridgeport: and Joseph, who passed 
away on the 5th of March, 1804, 




0. F. .TACOnSON 



THE CKXTEXXIAl. IIISTOKV OK ORJiGON 



187 



Thomas E. Grant spent the tirst twenly- 
one years of his life in the state af his nativ- 
ity. On the 7th of August, 1679, he left 
Pennsylvania and made his way direct to 
Baker, Oregon, coming by stage from Kelton, 
Utah. During the tlrst two years of his resi- 
dence in the northwest he worked on a farm 
and then devoted a year to mining. Subse- 
quently he secured employment in a sawmill 
and m the spring of 1SS3 began learning the 
carpenter's trade, which has claimed his at- 
tention continuously since. For the past 
twenty years he has been actively engaged 
in business as a general contractor and has 
been awarded the contracts for the greater 
number of the large and important structures 
of Baker (,'ity. including the Old Sisters' 
school, the Catholic church, the Elks Hotel, 
the Baker Opera House, the Elks Hall, the 
Eagles Hall, Pythian Castle, the Rand build- 
ing, the Baker Loan & Trust building. First 
National Bank building, the Weil building, 
the Brooklyn school, the South Baker school. 
the Kennedy building, the Masonic Hall and 
in fact most of tlie buildings on Main street, 
besides a great many residences of the better 
class, among which is the home of ex-Mayor 
Johns. Mr. Grant also operates a stone 
quarry and brickyard and has furnishr<l all 
of the stone and brick for the buildings 
which he has erected. He is the most exten- 
sive contractor in his town and well deser^'es 
recognition among the successful and repre- 
sentative business men of his adopted state. 

On the 27th of February, 1889. -Mr. Grant 
was united in marriage to Miss Anna Sdilund, 
a daughter of Martin and Josephine ."^chhind. 
They have eight children, as follows: Frank, 
who was born December 19, 1889, and is a 
mail carrier of Baker; Thomas E., whose 
natal day was September .'^O, 1891. and who 
is employed as a clerk by the Baer Mercantile 
Company: John H., whose birth occurred on 
the .'ith of November, 1893; Joseph, born Feb- 
ruary 7, 1895; Margaret, July 30, 1S97; 
Aloysius S.. September H. 1S99; William 
Clarence. .Mine iti. 1902 : and Charles .\., boni 
July 19, 1904. All are still at home. 

In politics Mr. (Jrant is a stanch republican, 
while his religious faith is that of the Ciith- 
olic church. Fraternally he is identilie<l with 
the Knights of Columbus. He is entirely a 
self-made man and his whole career hna been 
based upon the substantial qualities of un- 
faltering industry and perseverance. He has 
worked his way upward along lines that 
neither seek nor require disgiiise and has 
gained the honor and n-npect of all who know 
him. 

JUDGE REUBEN P. BOISE. There is no 
more illustrious name mid ninrd to be placed 
upon the pages of Oregon's history than that 
of Judge Reuben P. Boise, whose distiniruished 
career reflected credit and honor upon the 
state which honored him. He was for half 
a century a representative of the bar and 
during much of this period was upon the 
l>ench. standing not only as a foremo<»t jurist 
of the state but also recognized as the p«'er 
of the ablest men who have snt upon the 
btnch in all the Pacific coast country. If 



■biography is the home aspect of history" us 
Wilmott has expressed it, it is certainly 'with- 
in the province of true history to commem- 
orate and perpetuate the lives of those men 
whose careers have been of signal usefulness 
and honor to the state, and in this connec- 
tion it is not compatible but absolutely im- 
perative that mention be made of judge 
Boise, whose position as one of tin- most 
able and learned members of the Oregon bar 
none ever questioned. 

A native of Blandford. Massachusetts, 
Reuben P. Boise was born .tunc 9, 1H19, and 
spent his youthful days upon his father's 
farm, his time being largely devoted to the 
acquirement of an education in the district 
schools, supplemented by a classical course 
in Williams College, from which he was 
grailuated with honor in 1S43, Immediately 
afterward he made his way westward to 
Missouri, where for two years he was en- 
gaged in teaching school. He returned to 
.Massachusetts, however, for the study of law, 
pursuing his reading with Patrick Boise, a 
distinguished attorney of Westfield, Massa- 
chusetts, as his preceptor. Three years were 
devoted to the mastery of the principles of 
iurisprudence and in 1848 he was admitted 
to the bar. entering upon the practice of his 
profession at Chickopee Falls, wliere he re- 
mained for two years. In the meantime 
the great and growing western country at- 
tracted his attention. The reports which 
he heard brought conviction to his mind con- 
cerning the natural resources, the opportuni- 
ties and advantages of the Pacific coast 
country ami in the fall of IS.IO he started 
for Oregon by way of the Isthmus route. 
Proceeding up the Pacifh' coast, he landed 
eventually at .\storia and thence niaile his 
way to Portland, where he opene<l a law 
office and entered upon practice in the spring 
of IS.'il. at which time the now populous 
and beautiful Rose city contained only a 
few hundred inhabitants. However, it was 
even then becoming a center of shipping and 
other busiiU'Ss interests and from the be 
ginning his practice proved remunerative and 
he advanced steadily to a position of promi- 
nence as a member of the Oregon bar. In 
the fall of ls.".2 he secured a section of land 
in Polk co\inty, whereon he erected a home 
and otherwise improved the property, resid- 
ing there for four years, lie continued to 
own the claim to the time of his demise but 
while residing thereon was also engaged in 
law practice in Portland. 

When .luilgi- Boise arrive<l in Oregon the 
nil important question iM'fure the nflirinU of 
the territory was the location of the rnpitol. 
The supreme court was diviileil upon the 
question, the majority of the court ditTering 
from the legislature". .ludgeo Nelson and 
Strong, then silling up"n the supreme bench, 
were of the opiniim tliat (•regcin City was 
the lawful Incntion of the seat of governmi-nt 
and Bceordint'ly they cimveneil their court 
there. .Iiidg"' <>. ('.Pratt helil that Salem 
wa.s the •eat i>f government and refuseil to 
sit witli the other two judges. Every promi- 
nent man in the slate took siiles on lhi< 
question and Judge Boise threw the weight 



188 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



of his influence with the minority, support- 
ing Judge I'ratt, whose position was also 
sustaiiR'd by (he legislature, which, however, 
could not change the will of the majority 
of the supreme court. Tlie general assembly 
then resorted to the expediency of depriving 
the two erring .judges of most of their cir- 
cuit court jurisdiction, giving .Judge Pratt 
all of western Oregon for his judicial dis- 
trict. At that time the supreme judges also 
sat as circuit judges and .Judge I'ratt ap- 
pointed -Mr. Hoise to help the federal gov- 
ernment as prosecuting attorney in this dis- 
trict, which comprised all the country on 
the west side of the Willamette river and 
nearly all of the Willamette valley except 
Clackamas and Multnomah counties. *or 
four years he served in that capacity. He 
was also a member of the territorial as- 
sembly in I8.")3 and in JS.35 and that body 
elected him to the oflice of prosecuting at- 
torney following the appointment of •ludge 
Pratt. At that day gambling was quite 
common, the criminal work of the court was 
extensive and thus heavy demands were 
made upon the time and labors of the prose- 
cuting attorney, who hunted down the 
gamblers with s]>ecial vigor and with much 
success. ile made it his business to learn 
the names of all men who fre(|uented the 
places in which gambling was notorious and 
when the grand jury met he called as many 
of these men as he wanted to testify before 
that body. While many called would evade 
tidling what they knew, he seldom faileil to 
lind witnesses enough to secure conviction. 
In those early days .ludge Boise travided the 
I'iri'uit on horseback, several attorneys usu- 
ally riding in company with the .Judge as 
he went from place to jdace to hold court. 
l,aw books were then comparatively lew and 
some of the standard works on common law 
were carried in the saddlebags. The con- 
stant reliance upon the ohl common law 
authors who condensed their works to concise. 
statenu'uts iif I'unilann'Mtal ]irin(i)i'es gave 
the attorneys of that day a thorough kiiowl 
edge of the essentials of law and it is Ire 
qiU'iitly nunlicuu'd by members of the bar 
today that .Juilge lioise hail a wonderful 
faniilarity with all branches nf the com- 
mon law which is particularly applicable in 
an e(|uity court. 

While serving as prosecuting attorney 
.Judge Poise, as previously stated, was a 
member of the territorial legislature and 
took an active ])art in the deliberations of 
that body, thus aiding in shaping the policy 
of the state in its formative period. In 
1 8.17 he was chosen to represent Polk county 
in the constitutional convention and at the 
lime of his death was the last survivor among 
those who framed the organic law of the 
slate. He was cbaiiinan of llii> committee 
on legislation and jjrepared that ))ortion of 
the constitution relating to the legislative 
di-parfment. 

In the same year in which the constit\i- 
tionnl convention nn't .ludge Uoise was (irst 
ealleil lo the bench, being appointed by Presi- 
ili'ut Ihichanan as one of the supreme jiulges 
of the territory. 'I'Ik' following vear the 



state was admitted to the Union and he was 
then elected a supreme judge, serving from 
1863 until 1864 inclusive as chief justice of 
the state. Upon the expiration of his term 
he was reelected for the succeeding six years 
and in 1870 was once more chosen bj' the 
people to that high judicial position, but 
Hon. B. F. Bonham, his competitor, having 
commenced an action to contest his seat on 
the bench. .Judge Boise, not desiring to en- 
gage in long and expensive litigation, re- 
signed and resumed the private practice of 
his profession. While an active practitioner 
at the bar he argued many cases and lost 
but few. No one recognized in larger degree 
the necessity for thorough preparation or 
more industriously prepared his pases. His 
handling of his cause was always full, com- 
prehensive and accurate, his analyzation of 
the facts clear and exhaustive. He saw 
without effort the relation and dependence 
of the facts and so grouped them as to enable 
him to throw their combined force upon 
the point they tended to prove. His briefs 
always showed wide research, careful thought 
and the best and strongest reasons which 
could be urged for his contention, presented 
in cogent and logical form and illustrated 
by a style unusually lucid and clear. 

.Judge Boise, however, could not long con- 
tinue in the private practice of law, for his 
services were in continuous demand in pub- 
lic connections. In 1874 he was elected by 
the legislature as one of the capital building 
commissioners, which office he held until 
1876, when he was again called to the 
supreme bench. Two yeais later, the gen- 
eral assembly having divided the supreme 
and circuit judges into district classes, he re- 
ceived the appointment as one of the judges 
of the supreme court. In ISSO he was elected 
judge of the third judicial district, which 
oMice he continually held until 1892. By 
one long familiar with his historj' and con- 
nection with the bench and bar it was said: 
"The .Judge had a very strong dislike for 
technical questions in practice. He desired 
to see cases tried out on their merits alone, 
if possible, and he sometimes evidenced a 
district of attorneys who quibbled over 
small technicalities of procedure. While he 
was ])atient with attorneys or witnesses who 
wer<' slow or clumsy with apparent good in- 
tentions, he was ready and plain in his dis- 
apjuoval of an attempt to tritle with the 
coiu't or to mislead by an incorrect state- 
ment of law or fact. Young attorneys re- 
ceived kind consideration at his hands and 
it was not uncommon for him to take charge 
of the examination of a witness where the 
attorney seemed \inable to draw out all the 
essential facts. His rulings and decisions 
were so generally satisfactory to both at- 
torneys and litigants that appeals from his 
districts were uncommon except in cases in 
which it was understood from tlie beginning 
that the qiu'stions involved must be passed 
upon by the court of last resort." 

.fudge Boise was married in 1851 to Miss 
I'llen F. Lyon, who died December 6, 1865, 
and they became the parents of four sons 
and one daughter, of whom three sons are 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



189 



Jiviug, namely: KisluT A. Boise, lieuben I'. 
Boise, Jr., and Whitney L. Boise. 

On December 27, 1S66, he was married to 
iliss Kmily A. Pratt, who still survives him. 
Two daughters were born to this marriage: 
t>arah KUen Boise, who died Aug. 5, IS'Jl; 
and Maria Boise Lauterman. 

In ISa? Judge Boise removed with his 
family to Salem and eontinued to reside 
at the capital to the time ol' his death, April 
10, 1907. when he was about eighty-eight 
years of age. He tirst purchased a number 
of lots that now constitute the site of the 
Academy of the Sacred Heart and there re- 
sided until 1S05. In 18S0 he purchased a 
farm ih North Salem and there lived until 
his demise. It was upon this property that 
the tirst house in Salem was built, .ludge 
Boise enlarged and remodeled the residence 
and improved and cultivated the land, thus 
greatly enhancing its value. He always en- 
joyed agricultural life and carried on farm- 
ing pursuits as a side issue. From time to 
time he added to the acreage of his first 
ranch until he became the owner uf twunty- 
live Inuidred acres in one body. He was ever 
a cliampion of legislation in (Jregon in be- 
half of farm interests and live times was 
elected master of the State Grange. He also 
attended a number of meetings of the Na- 
tional Grange held in dillerent parts of the 
country and he did everything in his power 
to further the interests and promote the 
progress of the great body of the country. 
He was also ever a zealous champiim «i tin- 
cause of education and did everything in his 
power to promote the interests of the public 
schools, while twice he served as a member 
of the board of trustees of I'acitic I'niver- 
sity at Forest tirove and was also ollicially 
connected with La Creole Academy at Dallas 
and Willamette University at Salem. The 
lirst named conferred u[)on him the well 
merited degree of Doctor of Laws. 

In his early political views .ludge Boise 
was a clemocrat but at the time of the Civil 
war his loyalty to the government placed 
him on the side of the I nion ranks of the 
republican party. He held patriotic meetings 
all over the state, delivering many eloquent 
addresses that w-ere ellective forces in check- 
ing secessionists' opinions and in saving the 
state to the Union. In his later years he 
maintained a somewhat independent politii-al 
position anil his last nomination for judicial 
otlice was at the hands of the I'nion forces. 
It was characteristic of him that he sup- 
ported zealously ami fearlessly the cause in 
which he believed, never accepting party dic- 
tation but forming his views and opinions 
as the result of careful ami comprehensive 
consideration of the question. 

It was said of .Judge Boise that "he wb.h 
very quiet and deliberate in his manner aiitl 
speech. He chose his words and formed 
his sentences very carefully and seldom hesi- 
tated or corrected himself in talking. This 
characteristic, together with a logic-al ar- 
rangement of ideas, made his verbal opin- 
ions upon cases tried by him very clear in 
meaning and sound in reasoning." It is •aid 
by attorneys that his extompornneous oral 



opinions, if taken and extended by a 
stenographer, would make a very creditable 
showing if printed in a volume of the supreme 
court reports. To a stranger who paid a 
casual visit to the courtroom during the 
trial of an equity case Judge Boise had the 
appearance of being unobserving, but those 
familiar with his manner and those who 
heard him give a detailed discussion of the 
weight of the tesiunony assert that not u 
word or a sign from a witness ever escaped 
his notice. He was always in the forefront 
of those who i.dvocated the e.vicnsion of 
greater legal rights to women and while in 
the constitutional con\cntion he worked ef- 
fectively for the ado|)tion of provisions which 
put a wife upon the same condition before 
the law- as lier husband. His decisions in 
matters relating to property and contract 
rights of married women showed an inclina- 
tion in this direction. At a banquet held by 
the State Bar Association in I'ortlaiid, No- 
vember 111, I'JO-', .ludge Boi.se was the guest 
of honor. .Many words of appreciation and 
praise were spoken to him and (f him on 
that occasion ami lie also dclivend a most 
interesting and mcmoralile address concern- 
ing the judicial history of the state. His 
fellow members of the bar on that occasion 
biought to him the rose-garland <ii gracious 
memory and of friendly appreciation and bore 
testimony of the facttliat he laid down the 
Judicial ermine without spot or wrinkle, with 
no soil of meanness or touch of criticism 
upon it. His courtesy, his kindness. Ins 
atFability, his approaclialiility were among 
the tlioiiglit till but beneficent oHices which 
bound bar and bench together. He hcM 
high the standards, the ethics and the morals 
of the profession and to his record the 
younger and older members of the bar may 
Well look for an example of the just and 
upright judge who administered the law 
with resolution and courage, yet withal tem- 
pered justice with the gentleness ot syinpa 
thy and the kindliness of mercy. 

THEODORE SHELL is a member of the 
iiii orpiiiati'il llriii known as the .Shell Mer- 
cantile Company and is the secretary of the 
same. He was born in Norway on August 
12, 18S0, the eldest of a family of live chil- 
dren of whom he was the only one who ever 
came to America. He was ri-areil in his na- 
tive country and acquired his early I'diicalion 
ill the public schools of .Norway. In 1S'.)7. 
when seventeen y<-ars of age, he laiiie to the 
Lnited States, making his way directly to the 
home of bin uncle. .Mr. Thomiut Shell, who 
resided in Holla, North Dakota. There he 
attended school one year, at the same time 
working in his uncle's iitore, in which employ- 
ment lie engaged for some time nft<Tward. 
Subsi-qiiently he was olTered the management 
of Congressman .\. .1. lirooine'ii mercantile 
ston- at Lakota, North l)aki>ta. whii-h poHl- 
tion he acci-pled and moot capably lllled for 
one year. In thi< meantime his uncle, Thoma* 
Shidl, had nmoved his busineiu interest* to 
■Saint Anthony, Maho, >M'ing at that time a 
member of the llrm of Skallet li .^hell, and 
Theo<lore ,Shell was called there to help look 



190 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



after tlie business. Six months later Mr. 
Thomas Shell sold his interests and removed 
to Moscow, Idaho, where he made his head- 
quarters while looking for a suitable business 
location, and in I'JOU he and the subject of 
this sketch came to Wallowa, Oregon where 
they organized the firm of Shell & Company. 
In January, 1907, the company was reor- 
ganized and incorporated as Shell, Combs & 
Company, and in August, 1910, Mr. Driver 
purchased the interests of Mr. Combs, and the 
firm name was again changed, this time to the 
Shell Mercantile Company. At that time Mr. 
Theodore Shell, of this review, was made the 
secretary and manager of the business. 

In 1904 Mr. Shell was united in marriage 
to Miss Elizabeth Lang, of Mankato, Minne- 
sota, and to this union has been born one 
daught<'r, Helen Louise. In politics Mr. Shell 
is a republican and fraternally he is a mem- 
ber of the Wallowa Camp, No. 10370, M. W 
A., and is now serving as clerk of the loca\ 
lodge. Both he and Mrs. Shell are members 
of the Presbyterian church. Jlr. Shell is 
numbered among the capable young business 
men of Wallowa and the success which he has 
achieved is due to honorable effort, untiring 
energy and good judgment. In his social 
life he has gained that warm personal regard 
which arises from consideration for the opin- 
ions of others and from kindness and 
geniality. 

THOMAS JEFFERSON PRICE left the im- 
press iif his inilividuality upon the work of 
progress and improvement in Umatilla 
county during the long years of his residence 
here. He was particularly well known as a 
representative of agricultural interests and 
such was his success that in the later years 
of his life he lived retired. Kentucky num- 
bered him among her native sons, his birth 
having there occurred April 18, 1834. His 
parents were William and Nancy Price, also 
natives of that state, where they were reared 
and married. Sulisci|uently they ren^ived to 
Knox county, -Missouri, and their last days 
wen' spent in Weston. Oregon, with their 
children, who were four in number: Thomas 
J., of this review; Frances, the wife of L. T. 
McBride, of Weston; and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Chaney and John Price, both now deceased. 
Hy a former nmrriage the father also had 
two children. 

Thomas J. Price spent his youthful days in 
the Mississipjii valley and his honu' training 
was such as developed the latent qualities of 
industry, determination, iierseverance and in- 
tegrity. He was about thirty years of age 
wlien he and his l)rother .John crossed the 
plains to Oregon in 1SG4. making the trip 
with ox teams from Knox county, .Missouri, 
ti) the Willamette valley. They were six 
niiintlis u])on the way. traveling with a large 
wagiin train, and when they reached Oregon 
they selected a location in Yamhill county 
near McMinnville. After three or four years 
tlii'y removed to Polk county and in 1870 
Thiimas J. Price came to Umatilla county, 
set I ling on what is still kmuvn as the home- 
stead farm a half mile north of West<m. He 
|mreliii>*e(l ii claim nf one hundred and sixty 



acres from Mr. Stubbletield but afterward 
added to his holdings from time to time un- 
til he became the possessor of four hundred 
and forty acres. Year by year he carefully 
tilled hia fields and cultivated his crops and 
year by year gathered good harvests which 
brought to him substantial return for his 
labors. He always concentrated his energies 
upon his farming pursuits and was thus en- 
gaged to the time of his death, which oc- 
curred July 18, 190G, when he was seventy- 
two years of age. 

On the ISth of June. 1863, jMr. Price was 
united in marriage to Miss Zarilla Catharine 
Baker, who was born in Marion county, Mis- 
souri. February 28, 1S4C. and is a dAughter 
of William and Martha (Shropshire! Baker, 
both of whom were natives of Kentucky. 
The mother died when her daughter, Mrs. 
[^'■ice, was a young girl and Mr. Baker passed 
away in Dayton, Washington, in 1886. He 
^lad crossed the plains with Mr. Price in 1864 
and was thereafter a resident of the north- 
west to the time of his deinise. Unto ilr. 
and Mrs. Baker were born four children : 
James Henry, who died in Walla Walla, 
Washington; Theresa Ellen, the wife of Jo- 
seph Fisher, of Knox county, Missouri; Mrs. 
Price; and Jerry, who died in Reno, Nevada. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Price were 
eight in number: William S. and James H., 
who are residents of Weston; Nancy- E., the 
wife of D. F. Lavender, also of Weston; 
John M., who is living on a farm in the same 
locality; Charles M., also a resident farmer 
of Umatilla county ; Mary J., who died at the 
age of twenty-five years; Thomas F., living 
in Weston; and J. Cloud, who is on the home 
place with his mother. The eldest child was 
born in Idaho when the mother was crossing 
the plains and the next two of the family 
were born in the Willamette valley, while the 
birthplace of the younger members of the 
family was the old homestead near Weston. 

ilr. Price left his farm well improved. 
About a quarter of a century ago he erected 
a fine brick residence and he also added many 
other attractive buildings and modern equip- 
ments, including all machinery necessary to 
promote and facilitate the work of the farm. 
In the early days of his residence here he 
hauled wheat to Umatilla, for that was the 
nearest market. The democratic party found 
in him a stanch advocate and the ilethodist 
Kpiseopal church a faithful and consistent 
member. Forty-two years' residence in the 
county made him widely known and the ster- 
ling traits of his character commended him 
to the confidence and high regard of all who 
knew him. He lived a quiet, peaceful life, 
never neglecting a duty, and his integi'ity and 
fair dealing were qualities which won for 
him the warm and favorable regard of all 
with whom he came in contact. 

LEWIS B. ROSSMAN is the owner of a 
pleasant and attractive ranch located three 
miles northwest of Eugene on Pacific high- 
way, where he has resided for nineteen 
years. He was born in Ohio on the 6th of 
July, 1851. and is a son of Stephen and 
Rosalia (Allen) Rossman. the father also a 



I 






^ ^ 










MR. AND MRS. THOMAS 1. I'lilCE 



THE NEW Y 
PUBLIC UBt 



ASTOK, UIMOX *Na 
riLDEN FOUNDATIONS 



TlIK CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OKJ^GON 



198 



native of Ohio and the mother of Vermont. 
The paternal praiulparents made their home 
in Pennsylvania, while the grandfather and 
grandmother on the mother's side were na- 
tives of the Green Mountain state. The ma- 
ternal grandfather was one of the early pio- 
neers of Ohio, and there Stephen Rossman 
and Rosalia Allen were married and passed 
the early years of their domestic life. In 
1857 they removed to Minnesota, where they 
both passed away, the father in 1SS7 and 
the mother in ISSl. They were the parents 
of nine children, our subject being the 
second in order of birth. The others are as 
follows: Elbert W., who is a retired attorney 
living at Chattield, Minnesota: George E.. 
who resides in San Diego. California: Ada, 
who is deceased; Charles H., an attorney of 
Minneapolis; .Stella, who is deceased; Wil- 
liam E., a Methodist minister of \'ancouver, 
Washington; and Alonzo and Stephen, both 
of whom are deceased. 

Lewis B. Rossman was a child of only six 
years when he accompanied his parents on 
their removal to Minnesota, where he was 
reared to manhood. He remained at home 
until he had attained his majority, attend- 
ing the common schools for several months 
each .vear, thus acquiring as good an educa- 
tion as could be procured in the rural fron- 
tier districts at that period. On starting 
out to make his own way in the world he 
first found employment in the wheat eleva- 
tors in the vicinity of his home. He was 
identified with this work for about live 
years, and then turned his attention to the 
lumber business, following it for a similar 
period. At the expiration of that time he 
engaged in farming and for five years then- 
after devoted his energies to agricultural 
pursuits. In 1880 he went to Nevada but 
returned to Minnesota in a year and six 
years later, in 1S87, he came to Eugene and 
has ever since been a resident of Lane county. 
In his youth Mr. Rossman learned the car- 
penter's trade from his grandfather, who was 
a ship carpenter, and upon his arrival in 
Eugene he engaged in contracting and build- 
ing. At the end of five years he purchased 
his present ranch, containing forty four acres 
of fertile land. Twenty-nine acres of this 
he has planted to fruit and now owns one 
of the valuable commercial orchards on 
Pacific highwaj-. In connection with farm- 
ing and fruit-raising Mr. Rossman engaged 
in dairying for a time but he has since with- 
drawn from this and now gives his ent in- 
time and attention to the care of his orchard. 
His labors are being well repaid, his trees 
yielding abundantly of fruit of the highest 
quality. 

In Minnesota, on the 2d of Deceml>cr, 
1875. Mr. Rossman was united in marriage 
to Miss Medora .Mlierta Writ'ht. the only 
child of .Tohn R. and Ann (C.iolkin) Wright. 
The father was a native of Pennsylvania 
but the mother was born in Ireland. They 
were married in Wisconsin and Mrs. Ro.«<i- 
man was liorn in Kewasknin, that state, on 
.luly 4. 1S5.'!. They later lM>c«me residents of 
Minnesota and at the usual age their daugh- 
ter besan her c<lueation in the district 



schools and completed it in the University 
of Minnesota, at Minneapolis. The family 
of Mr. and .Mrs. Kossnian numbers live, as 
follows: Raleigh R., who was born on .\pril 
5, 187S, now an employe of the Oregon 
Washington Railway & Navigation i'»\i\- 
pany, at Portland: E<iith A., born on the 
17tli of April, 18S1. the wife of W. C. Hen- 
derson, of Eugene, and the mother of two 
children, \ernitta K. and Lurena U.: Dana 
C, whose natal day was the 2jth of .May, 
1834. a resident of Monroe, Oregon, and the 
father of one child, Melba A.; Rosalia A., 
who was born on the 1st of June, 1892, liv- 
ing at home with her parents; and llaroM. 
who was born August 17, l-i93, still attend- 
ing school. 

The family aililiate with the Christian 
church and in his political views Mr. Ross- 
man is of independent tendencies, giving his 
support to such men and measure^ as he 
deems best adapted to subserve the highest 
interests of the people at large. He has 
served for fifteen years on the school board 
and for two terms he discharged the duties 
of road supervisor. Public-spirited and pro- 
gressive in his ideas, Mr. Rossman possesses 
the salient qualities of good citizenship and 
is one of the highly esteemed residents of his 
community. 

BENJAMIN F. STURGXLL is one of the 
pioneer ranchman of Itaker county, having 
t)een engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising in the vicinity of Keating for forty- 
five years. He is a native of Missouri, his 
birth having occurred on the 12th of .\pril. 
1845, and a son of 1". H. and Caroline (Rich 
mond) Sturgill. The parents crossed the 
plains to Oregon in 1SG5 and upon their ar- 
rival here tlie father filed on a donation 
claim, that he cultivated iluring the renuiin- 
der of his life. The family of Mr. and Mrs. 
Sturgill numbered thirteen, seven of whom 
are still living. 

As he was a youth of twenty years when 
he accompanied his parents to Oregon, Ben- 
jamin F. .Sturgill was educateil in (he com- 
mon schools of his native state. He remained 
at home with his parents until he was 
twenty-two. assisting his father with the cul- 
tivation of the ranch and care of the stock, 
fpon starting out to make his own way in 
the world, he filed on a homestead of one 
hiinilred and sixty acres and turned his at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits and also 
engaged in stoi-kraising. .\s he applied him 
self energetically and systemal ii-ally to the 
developnii-nt of' his interests he pro».|>ereil 
and subsi(|uenlly increas.'d his holdingn liy 
the addition of another one hundred ami 
sixty ai-res. In connection with the cnltiva 
tioii' of his lanil, Mr. Sturgill makes n 
specialty of the raising of cattle and sheep, 
in whicii he ha» met with a gratifying menii- 
ure of succes.s. His fii-lds are devoted to the 
raising of cereals and a large portion of his 
lanil is in pastnrat'e. He has ereeteil good 
buildings on his ranch and it is equip|ied with 
everything ••sm-nlial for its cultivation, an>l 
is provirled with a gooti system of irrigation. 
It is orf ••' til*. lM>st k>')il mid niont 



194 



THE CENTENXIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



capably supiTvisi'il places in the community. 
Mr. Stuv'.'ill ^'iving his personal attention to 
every detail. 

In his political views. Mr. Sturgill is a so- 
cialist, but while he takes an active interest 
in all local affairs he has never been identified 
with anv otlicial position. He is a member 
of Uakei Lod^'e Xo. .illS, B. P. O. E., and be- 
longs to the Woodmen of the World. He 
is one of the widely known and highly re- 
garded citizens of the community and has 
liosts of friends whose loyalty he has won 
through his upright principles and high stand- 
ards of conduct i]i all of his relations in life. 

FRANCIS A. ELLIOTT. Long connection 
with the timber interests of Oregon well 
ipialilied Francis A. Elliott for his present 
position as state forester to which he was 
i-lected oil the :!Oth of March. 1911 by the 
state board of forestry. This is the first 
public office he has filled, and be was called 
to the jiositioii as he is particularly capalile 
of estimating tindier claims and valuer and 
from the fact that lie helped to organize th<' 
first fori'st fire patrol system covering the 
last timber resources of the state. He has 
resided in Oregon continuously since 1888, 
coming to the northwest when a young man 
of about twenty-three years. His birth oc- 
curreil at Kidge Farm. Vermilion county. Illi- 
nois. .Sejitemlier 36, 186."). his parents being 
John M. and Sarah (Mendenhalll Elliott. 
both of whom were re](resentatives of pioneer 
families of Illinois. The Elliotts came of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry. The great-great- 
grandfather of Francis A. Elliott was an 
only son but reared a family of twelve chil- 
dren, eight sons and f<nir daughters, all of 
whom had families of their own. and nearly 
all lived to advanced age. 'I'heir descendants 
are now widely scaltcri'd over the Inited 
States. A cousin of .lohn .\l. Klliott gained 
distinction in the Civil war and later joined 
the regular army where he served until 
kilh'd in ambush by the Indians in Texas 
near Fort Elliott, which was so nameil in 
his honor. .lohn .Maxwell, the maternal 
grandfather of .lohn Maxwell Elliott, became 
a |>ioncer ri'sident of Indiana anil engag<'d in 
the ociMipalion of farming on the present site 
of Itichniond. that slate. It was also at an 
early period in the develo|nnent of Illinois 
that the Elliott family was there founded. 
Til young manhood .Inlm M. Klliott engag«'d 
in teaching school, but later look up the oc- 
<-upati(Ui of farming wlii<'h he followed in 
\ermilion county. He wedded Sanih Men- 
deiiball. whose people had (-(nue to Illinois 
in IS2T from North Carolina. They were 
siinomided by a large band of Indians, and 
experienced all the dillicullii's. privations and 
dangers of life on the frontier. The various 
families from whieli Francis A. Elliott de- 
scended were in earlier generations members 
of the society of Friends or Quakers, and their 
mimes appear frequently in the historical 
reconis of Indiana and Illinois. His parents, 
reBiding upon a farm in Vermilion county, 
there reared a family of nine children, of 
wluini Krmieis A. Elliott is the third in order 
of birth. Tb.. father continiii'd for iinuiv 



vears a well known and respected resident of 
that locality, and passed away in 1892. The 
mother still survives. 

In the common schools of his native state 
Francis A. Elliott pursued his early educa- 
tion, wliich was supplemented bv a course in- 
Danville, Indiana, in 1885. He afterward 
engaged in fanning for about two years, but 
in 1888 the call of the west became insistent 
and he left the Mississippi valley for the 
Pacific coast, making his way at once to 
(Jregon. The following year he began work 
in connection with a crew of timber esti- 
mators, and was thus employed bv an Oregon 
railroad company. In 1899 he succeeded his 
employer as chief land examiner for the rail- 
road company and occupied that position of 
responsibility until in 1907 when he resigned 
to engage in the timber business on his own 
account. In 1910 be entered the employ of 
the Spanlding Logging ('oni|ian.v of Salem, 
Oregon, as logging superinteiiileiit. Twenty- 
three .vears" connection with the timber in- 
terests of the northwest constituted the 
thorough training that fitted him for liis 
jiresent position as state forester. In addi- 
tion to his timber interests he has a small 
farm in Yamhill count.v on which lie is rais- 
ing English walnuts. 

On the 3d of November, 189.'1. at Xew- 
berg, Oregon, Mr. Elliott was united in niar- 
liage with Miss Marguerite Price, a daughter 
of .James P. and Mary (Long) Price. "who 
were also representatives of pioneer families 
of Illinois. Her father has the distinction of 
Iiaving been one of three men who were left 
in Libby prison for three or four months 
after all other prisoners had been exchanged. 
They were reduced to such a state of starva- 
tion that anything in the way of shoe 
leather was considered good eating. Mr. and 
Mrs. Elliott have become the parents of a 
son. John J., seventeen .\ears of age. Mr. 
Elliott belongs to the Friend's church and 
gives his political support to the republican 
part.v of which he has been an advocate since 
age conferred upon him the right of fran- 
ihise. He is prominently known in the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and has filled 
iill the chairs in the Willamette Lodge, No. 
91). at Newberg, Oregon, and in 1897 he was 
made delegate to the grand lodge. He also 
belongs to the Woodmen of the World, and 
in 1909 he became one of the organizers of 
the Commercial Club at Newberg. He readily 
recognizes the opportunities for advance- 
ment, and his aid and influence are always 
given in behalf of progress and improve- 
ment. Whether standing in the shadow or 
sunshine of lif<> he has faced every condition 
and exigency with the confidence and cour- 
age that come of ability of a high order, 
right conception of things and an lialiiliial 
regard for what is best in the e\<'ri-isr of 
human activities. 

WILLIAM STEPHEN LEVENS, who since 
1 90S has filled the position of district at- 
torney for the eighth judicial district of Ore- 
gon and makes his home in P>aker. his native 
I'ity, was born .lannary 38. 187.';. his parents 
being Basil Wells and Sarah Ann (Defiuire) 
Leveiis. At the usual age he became a pupil 



THK rK.NTKNMAL IIISTOKV OF OREeiUN 



1U5 



in the public schools of Bakrr ami his pre- 
f)aratory course was pursuinl in Hopkins 
Academy, at Oakland, California, lie after- 
ward spent a year as a teacher in the I'niver- 
sity Academy at Alameda, Califurnia. His 
professional preparation was made at Yale. 
He entered the luw department in IS'JIi and 
was graduated on the completion of the regu- 
lar course with the LL. B. degree on the 20th 
of July, 1895. He was admitted to practice 
by the supreme court of Dregon and in lanu- 
ary, 189G, by the supreme court of Californiu. 
lie was also admitted to practice in the 
United States circuit and district courts in 
the state of Oregon in I90.J. Three times 
he was elected police judge of Baker and re- 
signed that otlice to assume the duties of dis- 
trict attorney of the eighth judicial dis- 
trict, to which he was elected in 190S. He 
has since acted in that capacity, ami is re- 
garded as one of the prominent lawyers at 
the bar in his section of the state. His 
knowledge of law is comprehensive and exact 
and he accurately applies legal principles to 
the points in litigation. He prepares bis 
eases with great thoroughness and care and 
gives to his clients the benelit of unwearied 
service and superior talent. 

On the 2.')th of December. 1911, in Baker, 
Mr. Levens was married to Mr<. Leoda M. 
(Riley) Ryan and in this city they have 
many friends, while the hospitality of the 
best homes is freely accorded them. In po- 
litical views. Mr. Levens has always been a 
democrat and has served as auditor and clerk 
of Baker in addition to the offices already 
mentioned. He is a man free from ostenta- 
tion or display. In matters of citizenship, 
however, it is well known that his co- 
operation can be counted upon ami that his 
energy and labors are elFective forces for 
public progress and improvement. He holds 
ti> a high standard of professional activity 
and he is a loyal representative of >everal 
different fraterntities, including the Masons, 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Klks and 
the Knights of Pythias. Of the last named 
he is a past chancellor comnuimler and for 
two years he was district deputy grand ex- 
alted ruler of the VAk^. 

JOHN W. SPARKS, ..r f the best known 

growers of wlifiit and iilfnlfa in the itale of 
I >regon. owns a farm ol two tlmusand acre-*, 
located ten miles south of Pemlleton on 
Bireh creek, one of the most ppKluctive 
wheat iH'lts of the state. He wn« l)orn in 
Ohio, July 22. 1H.17, a son of William and 
Rachel Sparks, both of whom were 
natives of Ohio. Tlie family removeil to 
HIinois in isris, locating lir-.t in .\ilam* 
county. They later n^movi-d tn Pi-oria. Illi- 
nois, and remained in that lucality until 
they crossed the idaint to f'aliforniii. set- 
tling in Kldoradii roiinty, where the father 
engaged in mining operations. To this fam- 
ily si.\ children were born, of whom the sub- 
ject of this review is now the onlv •urviv 
ing member. William Sparks pa-sed away 
in I8.'>2 and his wife lived until I'iO'*. 

.Iiihn W. Sparks \ib-« reareil in hi" father'* 
homi- and ediieafeil in the public sclKsd-i. .\f 



the age of seventeen he entere<l u|H.n his 
career and in March. ls5o. set out for tali- 
fornia by way of the Isthmus of Panama. 
Arrived in the gi>ld liehls, he engaged in min- 
ing from Sacramento and Kolsom to \ irginia 
City and the neighltoring regions, lioing thus 
engaged until l^iiU. He also owned trains 
of pack mules for carrying supplies to the 
mines, at one tiini- having as many as one 
humlred and six animals thus engaged. He 
partii'ipateil In ntimerous eng\igenicnt> with 
bands (if Inilian marau<lerH. whose attacks 
U|Hin the pack trains i.ften resulted in sharp 
lighting on IhiIIi sides. In IStll he lanie to 
(Iri'goii. settling in I'inatilla county, where 
he tiled upon a honu'stead upon which he 
lived for some time, after which he purchasctl 
the farm u|>on which he now resides. To his 
original purchase he has steadily addeil until 
he no« iiwns a two thousand acre tract de- 
vot<sl to agricultural |iur|M)ses. He has con- 
tinued to improve bis pniperty during the 
years of his ownership ami has specialized 
upon the raising of wheat and alfalfa until 
his is considered to be one of the very best 
wheat and alfalfa farms in this |Hirtinn. He 
has also engaged extensively in Ihi- breeding 
of horses. His place is c<|uippe(l with the 
essential buildings and modern farm ma- 
chinery of every class and description re- 
quired upon a property of such large pro- 
|)ortions. 

I In May 10, 1872, .Mr. Sparks was united 
ill nuirriage to Miss Carrie (Jienp'r, a daugh- 
ter of (ieorge and Klizabeth (Jienger. Mrs. 
.Sparks is a native of .Missouri but her par- 
ents moveil to Oregon in 1802 and located in 
the western jmrtiun of the state, whence 
they later nn)ved to Morrow eouiify. where 
they eontiinied to live until their deatlm, 
which occurred several years ago. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Sparks live children have been 
lK)rn: .lessie. now the «ife nf .1. I). Miiir. of 
I'matilla county; itrlando I,, and lira, Isith 
Ml whom also resi<le in Cmatilla county; 
.loy, who is at hnnu' with his parents; and 
Ida, deceased, 

.Mr. Sparks is in every respect a progren- 
sive, representative citizen of the great stnto 
of Oregon. During bis long lerin of resi- 
dence be has proven ind only to himself but 
to the people of his cminty and slate that 
the soils and climate ol Oregon are i-apablo 
of prixlui'lng the \ery highest gradi's of 
wheat and alfalfa, ami in the demonstration 
of these facts Mr. .Sparks has rendered a 
very valuable service. In his |K>litic«| view* 
he ailheres to the |H>lieies of the republiean 

party. In addition tn attaining su -ss uk 

a farmer Mr. Sparks lias been an active nar- 
ticipant in matters ri-lnling l<> the devidop- 
nient of the soi'ial ainl isluiational fealureH 
of bis county and state and in every relation 
of life commands the res|MM| and conlh|pnr«> 
iif his fi'lliiwmen in a high ilegree. 

H. E. DRIVER, »lio is junior niemlH-r of 
the .shell .Mercantile ( 'oni|Hiny, of Wallowa. 
Oregon, was iMirn in Dnugla* county, tliia 
state, .lanunry 2U. I8fij. His parents were 
'samiiel and .Mary (Crumley i Driver, the 
father a native of Ohio and the mother of 



196 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



liiJiana. They were married ill Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, and crossed the plains with ox teams 
to Oregon in 1852, locating in Douglas county, 
where they took up a donation land claim. 
The mother passed away there in 1865 and in 
1871 the father lost "his eyesight and his 
sons then operated his farm. In 1874 the 
father and his son H. E., of this review, re- 
moved to Wasco count}', where five of the 
brothers of the subject of this sketch had 
preceded them and were there engaged in 
farming. There the father resided with his 
son.s until his death, in 1899, making his 
home during his last days with his son, H. E. 
Driver. His only bix)ther was the Rev. I. D. 
Driver, a noted divine of the Willamette 
valley. 

n. E. Driver received his early education 
in the public schools and was only ten years 
of age when he removed with his father to 
Wasco county, where he resided with his 
father and brothers until he was twenty-five 
years of age. He then took up a homestead 
of one hundred and sixty acres in that county 
and resided on this farm until 1899. In that 
year he came to the Wallowa valley and pur- 
chased a farm of two hundred acres, four 
miles south of Wallowa, which he still owns. 
He resided on this farm for eight years and 
in 1907 removed to Wallowa, where he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business, acquiring 
an interest in the East Oregon Mercantile 
Company. However, a year later he sold his 
stock in this company and engaged in the 
real-estate business in this city, w'ith which 
work he is still identified in connection with 
his present mercantile interests. On .Jul}' 27, 
1910, he bought a share in the Shell Mercan- 
tile Company, in which he is now the junior 
partner. 

On January 29, 1889, Mr. Driver was united 
in marriage to Miss Emma Mason, who is 
a native of California but at the time of her 
marriage was a resident of Wasco county, 
this state. To Mr. and Mrs. Driver has been 
born one child, Grace L., now the wife of Earl 
Renfrow, who operates his father-in-law's 
farm. In his political views Mr. Driver is a 
republican but he has never sought nor desired 
public office. Fraternally he is a member of 
Stanley Lodge, No. 113, A. F. & A. M.; and 
of Kinsman Lodge, No. 87, K. P. Both he 
and Mrs. Driver belong to the Methodist Epis- 
copal ehnrch and he is also chairman of the 
ollicial board. Mr. Driver is one of the well 
known and successful business men of the 
Wallowa valley and his prosperity is due to 
his own keen business insight and to his 
I'neigy and perseverance. 

L. NELSON RONEY. Eugene had a pop- 
ulation of only about nine hundred w^hen 
in 1876, L. Nelson Honey became a resident 
of the city. With its development and growth 
he has been closely associated and as a 
contractor and dealer in building materials. 
he has been very actively connected with its 
improvement. Many of the finest business 
blocks and residences of Eugene stand as a 
inonnnient to his enterprise, his progressive 
spirit, and his indefatigable energy. He was 
born ill Wapakoni'ta, Auglaize county, Ohio, 



.September 2, 1853, a son of Thomas and 
Caroline H. (Levering) Roney. The father 
was a native of New Jersey and learned the 
weaver's trade in Jersey City. He after- 
ward went to Ohio and settled on a farm, 
hut in addition to cultivating his fields, he 
also engaged in weaving. This, however, 
was but a side issue as the greater part of his 
attention was given to his agricultural pur- 
suits. In 1878 he located at Lost 'Valley, 
Oregon, where he died in 1885, at the ad- 
vanced age of .seventy-eight years. He was 
long survived by his widow who passed away 
in 1897 at the age of eighty-four years. In 
their family were four sons who served as 
soldiers of the Civil war — John, Charles. 
Henry and William. The last two were 
members of the Eleventh Regiment of Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, w'hile the first two were 
in the army for a shorter period. 

L. Nelson Roney spent his youthful days 
on his father's farm and early became fa- 
miliar with the best methods of tilling the 
soil and cultivating the crops. His educa- 
tional opportunities, however, were limited, 
but in the school of experience he has learned 
many valuable lessons and early became 
familiar with the fact that industry and 
energy are indispensable elements of progress 
and success. He learned the carpenters' 
trade in early manhood and thinking to 
have better opportunities in the growing 
west, came to Oregon in 1876, settling in 
Eugene when its population was less than 
one thousand. Here he first began bridge 
building and continued along that line of 
construction work to the present time. He 
has built nearly all of the bridges now in 
use in this section of the state and his busi- 
ness operations have also largely extended 
to Idaho and Washington. He is also a large 
stockholder in the Eugene Electric &■ Heat- 
ing Company and of the Bohemia gold mines 
of Oregon, and in 1912 was appointed by the 
county court superintendent of the Lane 
county bridges. Moreover, as a building 
contractor, he has had charge of the erection 
of many fine buildings, public and private, 
among the more important being the Lane 
county courthouse, the two McClurg build- 
ings, the First National Bank building, the 
Lane County Bank, the Hoft'man House. 
Hotel Smeede, the Episcopal and Methodist 
churches, the Eugene Opera House and many 
others of note, as well as a large number of 
the beautiful and attractive private resi- 
dences of the city. 

L. Nelson Roney was married in Boise 
City, Idaho, June 5, 1889, to Mrs. Orilla G. 
(Baker) Humphrey, a daughter of Captain 
John Baker of Salem, Oregon, who came 
across the plains in 1846 and was one of the 
first settlers of this state. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Roney are widely known in Eugene and 
have a circle of friends almost coextensive 
with the circle of their acquaintances. Mr. 
Koney belongs to Eugene Lodge. No. 11, F. 
& A. M., of which he is past master; Eugene 
Chapter, No. 10, R. A. M., of which he is 
past high juiest and was grand high priest 
of the state in 1S94; Ivanhoe Commandery, 
No. 2, K. T.. of which he is the past com- 




L. X. nONKV 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



199 



mauder and also the past eminent grand 
commander of the grand commandcry ot 
L'Tefjon; and Al Kader Temple ol the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a charter member ot 
Kugcne Lodge, No. 357, B. 1*. O. K., and 
trustee ot" the lodge and Kugene Aerie, No. 
275, F. 0. E. 

In his political views Mr. Honey has al- 
ways been a stalwart republican, giving 
active support to the party and doing all 
in his power to promote its success. For 
eight or ten years he served as a councilman 
and exercised his otiicial prerogatives in sup- 
port of many progressive public measures 
which brought about needed reform and im- 
provement, lie was the president of the 
lirst young men's republican club organized 
in Eugene and he has frequently been a 
delegate to county conventions. His opinions 
carry weight in the councils of his party 
and his unfailing belief in its principles is 
manifested in his indefatigable elforts to 
secure the election of its candidates. In 
manner Mr. Roney is quiet and unassuming 
but is widely recognized as an able business 
man and one who has the entire confidence 
of the community. He deserves much credit 
for what he has accomplished for he started 
out in life empty-handed and has worked 
his way steadily upward, undeterred by ditli- 
culties and obstacles in bis path. 

HENRY N. McKINNEY is one of the pio- 
neer cattle men of Baker county, where he 
lirst located si.xty years ago. His birth oc- 
curred in Indiana, on the Stli of January. 
1S36, and he is a son of Joseph and Eliai- 
beth (Boardman) McKinney. The parents 
crossed the plains with ox teams in 1852, 
locating in this county. They are both now 
deceased, the father having drowned in 1857 
in the falls. The family of .Mr. and -Mrs. 
Joseph McKinney numbered eleven, of whom 
two brothers of our subject participated in 
the Indian wars in Oregon. 

Still vivid are the recollections in the mind 
of the old pioneers of the hardships and priva- 
tions endured by the settlers in the winter 
of 1852-53. Tlie long continued cold and 
heavy snowfall caught them quite unawares 
in many instances and the more recc-nt immi- 
grants particularly sutlcred. .\mong the lat- 
ter were numbered the McKinney fam- 
ily, who by these unfavorable conditions were 
almost reduced to want. Henry N. .McKin- 
ney, who was then a youth of seventeen years, 
came to Oregon City, where he obtained em- 
ployment and thus 'was able to help provide 
for' his parents and the otlwr members of the 
family. Soon after the death of the father, 
in 1857. he bent his steps toward California 
and during the siicceeiling ten years pros- 
pected in the gold fields. In 18Cs he returned 
to Baker county and subsequently tiled on 
some land that formed the nucleus ol hi.i pres- 
ent ranch, and there he engaged in raising 
cattle. He prospered in his undertaking and 
has since extended his holding-* until he owni 
at the present writing four hiinilnd ami forty 
acres of land. His land is devoleil entirely 
to pasturage, as he engagi's exclusively in 
cattle-raising, and he also mnrkcti li;iv. Mr. 
Vol n— 



-McKinney has devoted a great deal of atten- 
tion to bee culture and produces the greatest 
quantity of comb honey in Baker county. 

In ISSO Mr. McKinney was united in mar- 
riage to -Miss Susie J. Harrison, of Jeffer- 
son, Oregon, and they have become the pa- 
rents of three children: Henry .M., who is a 
representative in the state legislature from 
Baker county; Helen J., who is the wife of 
Olin Arnspiger, of Medford, Oregon, where he 
sen-ed as city engineer; and Bertha I-., still 
at home. .Mr. and Mrs. .McKinney are mem 
b«'rs of the .Methodist Episcopal church and 
number among its «>ngregation many friends 
of long years' standing. 

Mr. .McKinney has been more or less active 
in political circles and gives his support to 
the republican party. In 1870 he was placed 
in nomination lor the ollice of state senator 
but was defeated. From 1S7'J to Isso he 
served as superintendent of the Baker county 
public schools and has always been interested 
and active In the promotion of educational 
matters. He is well known and highly 
esteemed in the county, in which he has now 
made his home for over half a century, 
and has many friends who ailmire him for his 
sterling qualities. 

EMIL A. KOPPE ii the secretnry-niiinager 
and the principal stockholder of the Kugene 
Woolen Mill Company and is thui closely 
connected with the nianufacturing interests 
of I.Anc county. This bii^iiness has been in 
existence for about ten years and is now ac- 
counted one of the leading produolive indus- 
tries of the Willamette valley, its present 
secretary having been an active factor in its 
ownership and control for six years. He wn* 
bom in .Saxony, tJermany, Febniary Itl, IHtiO, 
and is a son of Karl and •li>hanna (Winter) 
Koppe. He learned the weaver's trade in bis 
native country and then, feeling that better 
business opportunities would be accordeil him 
in the new world, he came to .\nierica in 
IS79, settling in Philadelphia. Five years 
were passed in that city, after which he came 
to the Pacific coast in IS8J. settling in 
Brownsville, Linn county. He there •ecnre<l 
employment in a mill but Hubieriuently re- 
moved to .Salem, .\bout nit yeiirn ago he 
organized the Eugene WiHtlen Mill Company 
and took over the business of the Willa- 
mette Valley Woolen .Manufacturing Com- 
pany, which had been r>rgani/ed alniut (our 
years before. The present biiihlings were 
then erected anri since the enterprise has 
come under new mannReim'nt its erowlh ami 
siiccesn have Ix'cn continuous. The wenving 
and spining building is forty by one hundred 
and ten feet and two stories in height, while 
the flnishing and carding room» oorupy a 
building sixty by sixty feet and aUn two 
stories high. The output has always l>een 
blankets and llannels, rolies ami mackinaw, 
but the present company has nl«o ndiled to 
the line of ninniifnctureil goods anil now 
turns out ladies' dress giMnls and wo<dens for 
men's garnien's. The ppxlurts are soM 
largely on the coast through jobl>«>r'« and 
employment is given to seventy |M>«iple in the 
faetorv in order to meet the growing de- 



200 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



niands of the trade. Under the present nuui- 
agemont a high standard is maintained in 
the personnel of the house, in the character 
of service rendered to the public and in the 
quality of goods manufactured. Aside from 
his connection with the Eugene Woolen Mill 
Company ilr. Koppe is one of the directors 
of the ISank of Commerce, which he aided in 
organizing, and his name is an honored one 
on commercial paper wherever he is known. 
In lS8:i Jlr. Koppe was married to Miss 
Augusta Harzer, who is a native of Saxony, 
Germany, and at one time was a resident of 
Philadelphia, having come to the new world 
with her sister. Her father and mother are 
still living in Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Koppe 
now liave eight children, Clara, Paul, Louis, 
Hattie, Otto, Nellie, Karl and Matilda. The 
second daughter is the wife of Lloyd Mit- 
chell, of McMinnville, Oregon. Mr. Koppe 
belongs to Eugene Aerie, No. 275, F. 0. E., 
and also to Eugene Camp, No. 5837, M. W. 
A. In politics he is a republican but not an 
ollice seeker, although he is serving as a 
member of the city council of Eugene, in 
which connection he exercises his official pre- 
rogsxtives to support many valuable local 
measures. Whether in office or out of it, 
however, he stands for all that is most val- 
uable and serviceable in the community and 
in this age of intense commercial and in- 
dustrial activity he has won for himself a 
creditable position in business circles. 

CAPTAIN CHARLES HENRY CRAIG has 

passed the seventy-tifth milestone on life's 
journey yet is still active in the affairs of 
his home town of Richland where he is serv- 
ing as city marshal. The usual experiences 
of pioneer life have made him familiar with 
all the phases of Oregon's development and 
its Indian warfare and he relates many in- 
teresting incidents of the early days as well 
as of tiw. period of later progress and im- 
provement. He was born in Sangamon 
county, Illinois, September 15, 1836, his birth- 
place being the old homestead now included 
within the city limits of Springfield. His 
parents were Joseph and Susan P. (Grady) 
('raig, who were natives of Adair county, 
Kentucky, born near Columbia wlicre they 
were reared and married. In 1S31 they went 
to Illinois and Mr. Craig secured a homestead 
that is now a part of the city of Spring- 
field. In 1838 they returned to their native 
county where they lived until 1852 and then 
went to Macon county, Missouri, wliere 
.Joseph Craig continued to engage in agricul- 
tural pur-suits until liis death in 1872 when 
he was sixty-eiglit years of age. His widow- 
afterward came to Eagle \'aljey. Oregon, to 
live with her son. in whose liome she passed 
away in 1888 at the age of eighty-four 
years. In their family were nine children. 
five daughters and four sons, but the only 
two now living arc Captain Craig and a sis- 
ter, Mary L., who is now the wife of William 
Corinihiin. of Pine Valley. Baker county. One 
lirotlu"-. .lames, served for two years in the 
Civil war as a lieutenant of Company F. Sec- 
ond Missouri Cavalry, and Robert L. Craig. 
another brother, was for eighteen months a 



member of the Eourteenth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry. 

Captain Charles H. Craig devoted the period 
of his boyhood and youth to assisting his 
father on the home place but after the out- 
break of the Civil war he responded to the 
call for troops in February, 1862, becoming 
duty sergeant of Company F, Second Missouri 
Cavalry. He remained at the front for three 
years and one month and was mustered out 
at St. Louis in March, 1865. He sustained 
a bullet wound in the left hand at Chalk 
Blull', Arkansas, in 1863, making that member 
crippled for life. He continued with that 
company until after the close of the war and 
later engaged in farming in Missouri until 
1S69. 

In that year Captain Craig crossed the 
plains, proceeding by train to Kelton, Utah, 
and by stage to Baker City, since which time 
he has resided in Baker county. For two 
years he engaged in placer mining and for a 
quarter of a century devoted his time to rais- 
ing cattle, sheep and horses in Eagle Valley. 
He had two hundred acres of fine land near 
Richland, of which he homesteaded one hun- 
dred and sixty acres and took forty acres of 
desert. This he irrigated and continued the 
work of developing and improving his place 
until it had become a valuable property when 
he sold it in 1903. He has since resided in 
Richland and has continuously filled the posi- 
tion of city marshal, being the second man to 
act in that capacity. In 1878, during the 
Umatilla Indian war, he was elected captain 
of a company and drew sixty rifles and one 
thousand pounds of ammunition from the 
county seat of Union in Union county. He 
was on active duty all through the Indian 
troubles. With every phase of pioneer life he 
is familiar, and also with the dift'erent ele- 
ments that have contributed to the develop- 
ment and progress of this part of the state. 
Captain Craig and three companions, G. W. 
Moody, Joseph Beck and Benjamin Fuel, were 
the first men to bring water into Eagle Val- 
ley for irrigating purposes. The people on 
the river thought they were crazy, but the 
land is now worth from two to three hun- 
dred dollars per acre, and the irrigation and 
siibsequent development have made Eagle 
\'alley famous as one of the richest and most 
productive sections of the northwest. 

In 1862 occurred the marriage of Captain 
Craig and Miss Catherine A. Greer, who was 
born in Pike county. Missouri, November 18, 
1839. She acted as a nurse in two hospitals 
during the Civil war, one at LaGrange and 
the other at Cape Girardeau, Missouri. There 
hav(! been two children born of this mar- 
riage; Franklin, a mail carrier on the rural 
free delivery route from Richland, who mar- 
ried Miss Rebecca Eveland and has five chil- 
dren: Velma, Elvin. Blanche. Viola and 
Ernest; and Clara, who became the wife of 
Orla Moody, and died in 1894. 

In politics Cajitain Craig has been a life- 
long republican and has held several local 
oflices but has never been a politician in the 
sense of seeking ])olitical preferment. He 
belongs to Phi! Kearney Post, No. 66, G. A. R., 
at Richland, and has served as its commander 



TIIK CENTENMAl, HISTORY OF OliEUON 



201 



for the past twelve years. He thus main- 
tains pleasant relations with his old army 
comrades, and in the discharge of his duties 
of citizenship he is as true and loyal in days 
of peace as when he wore the nation's blue 
uniform. He has lived a quiet yet most hon- 
orable and upright life, never engaging in a 
lawsuit, and his integrity and reliability are 
recognized by all. The work which he has 
done in behalf of Eagle Valley cannot be 
overestimated for he was among those who 
gave impetus to the work of development and 
progress, resulting in its present improved 
condition. 

CHARLES SUMNER WILLIAMS, A. B. 

needs no introduction to the readers of this 
volume who are residents of the Willamette 
valley, for he is at the head of the linn ot 
Williams & Shelley, conducting business un- 
der the name of the Eugene Mill & EU-vator 
Company. He was born in Oregon, .luly I'J, 
1S56, not far from Medford, and is a son of 
Issaehar and Velina Ascnatli (.'>teams) 
Williams. His paternal grandfather, Daniel 
Williams, was a tanner by trade and estab- 
lished the first tannery in Ohio. He was a 
native of Pennsylvania and on their removal 
westward the family took the first apple 
tree from that state' to Ohio. The Williams 
are of Welsh lineage. Issaehar Williams, 
who was bom in Barnesville, Ohio, in 1823, 
learned the tanners' trade with his father 
but never followed it. Leaving the old 
home, he went to Cincinnati, where he was 
eniploye<I in the lumber mills until IS.'iri. 
when with o.\ teams he crossed the plains to 
Oregon, accompanied by his wife's people. 
He had married Velina Asenath .Stearns, who 
was a sister of the Rev. Samuel Stearns, one 
of the first missionaries of Oregon, and a 
daughter of John Stearns, a native of the 
-tate of New York. On reaching the north- 
west Issaehar Williams settled on a dona- 
tion claim about three miles northeast of 
Medford, the land being now worth a thous- 
and dollars per acre, but such was its esti- 
mated value in the early days that he 
traded six hundred and forty acres for a pair 
of mules and located at a sawmill on Wag- 
ner creek, six miles west of .Ashland. There 
he engaged in the milling business until l»i70, 
when he sold out and removed to Portland. 
In that city he conductcl a dairy until 1S76. 
when he came to Eugene, which at that time 
had a population of two thousaml. Here for 
a time he lived retired bnt the next year 
he and his son Frank went to Moscow, 
lilaho. where he took up a homestead claim. 
In 1HS8 he returned to Eugene, where he 
I'ontinucd to reside until his death, which 
occurred in 1891. 

Oregon was still largely a frontier di< 
trict through the boyhood and youth of 
Charles S. Williams, yet was making rapid 
strides toward its present advanced state of 
civilization, for it was largely settled up by 
a progressive class of people who brought 
with them to their western homes the am- 
bition and the culture of the older i-ast. 
Charles S. W'illiams was given good ediirn- 
tional privileges and on the dny on whirh 



the I niversity of Oregon was opened he wa« 
enrolleil as one of its students, being gradu- 
ated therefrom in 1882. He taught sch.Kd 
for about twelve years in dilTercnt parts of 
Oregon and Washington and such was his 
ability as an educator that he was made 
principal of schools in a number of places. 
In 1S83 he went to the I'uget Sound coun- 
try, where he remained until 188S, there 
engaged in teaching and in the real estate 
business. In the latter year he returned to 
Eugene, where he accepted a clerkship ui u 
store, and in IS'.ll he took charge of the 
electric light plant, which he lunducted for 
lour years. He afterward became senior 
partner of the linn of Williams & Shelley, 
proprietors of the Eugene Mill &, Elevator 
Company. This business had its inception at 
a very early period. In 18,")4 Hen I'nder- 
wood established a gristmill on tin- present 
site of the plant in which Mr. W illianis is 
now a partner. About twenty years later 
W. Edris became a mendter of the firm and 
managed the business until the earlv '00a, 
when the mill was destroyed by fire. In 
1895 Mr. Williams bought the site in asso- 
ciation with the late Alex Matthews and his 
son Cainey. at which time the present firm 
style of the Eugene Mill & Klevator Com- 
pany was ailoplcd. They built the present 
mill, which has since been enlarged, and they 
now have two elevators, .\fter two yeani 
J. -M. Shelley purchased the .Matthews in- 
terests and the firm then became Williams 
& .Shelley. The plant has a capacity of fifty 
barrels and the mill is operated in the nuin- 
ufacture of Hour ami all kinds of grist-mill 
priHlucts. They have built receiving ware- 
houses at Irving and at Coburg and are now- 
cimducting the largcnt milling busines* 
south of Salem. The enti^rpri^r has steadily 
grown and its trade has now reached exten- 
sive and profitable proportions. 

On .lune 29, 1886, Mr. Williams wa* 
united in marriage to Miss Irene Dimn. a 
daughter of F. H. Dunn, the pioneer mer- 
chant of Eugene. They now have three chil- 
dren: Uerien Hurke. who is with the Mer- 
chants Hank of Kugem-; .Marji>rie May; and 
Melba. Mr. Williams heloncs to Eugene 
I-odge. No. 11, F. it A. .M.: Kugene Lodge, 
No. 3.17, H. 1'. O. K., of which he i< n pant 
exaUe<l ruler; and to the Womlmen of the 
World. He has never feared to ventur'- 
where favoring opportunity has led the way 
and gradually he has reache<l a position 
among the most substantial resident* of the 
c-')unfy. being at the head of an enterprise 
which contribuli''< ti> cornmeriiol activity and 
general prosperity as well as to individual 
success. 

FREDERICK R. WILSON. lliMrough pro- 
fessional training ri-^'-ivcd in the College of 
I'hysicians and .Surgeons at Chicogo. which 
is the medical ilepartment of the I niversity 
of Illinois, wi-ll iiiinlifieil Dr. Frederick R. 
Wilson for the nn'T'iiis and resj>on«iblc dutie« 
that now dnvrdve upon him as he engager in 
the general practice of medicine. Ho «»* 
liorn in Kan«as. October H. 1x75, a son of 
Valentine O. and Armilda ■(. (Boyer) Wilson, 



202 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



both of whom weie natives of Edgar county, 
Illinois, where thej' were reared and married. 
They then went to Kansas in 1S74, residing 
there until the spring' of 1377 when they 
came to Oregon, settling in Union county. 
After a winter there passed they established 
their home in Wallowa county about twenty 
years ago and five years afterward came to 
Eagle valley, where" the father's remaining 
years were spent, his death occurring in 
1893 when he was sixty-four years of age. 
He devoted his entire life to stock-raising 
and ranching, thus providing for his family. 
His widow since his death has been a resi- 
dent of Portland. They had seven children: 
Joseph, a mechanic, living at Grants Pass, 
Oregon; Philip ]?., who is on a fruit ranch 
at Fresno, California; Anna, the wife of L. 
B. Hunter, also engaged in fruit raising at 
Fresno; William Orvil, of Portland; Viola, 
the wife of A. Tarter, of Portland; Celestia, 
the wife of T. M. Stubbleheld, of Portland; 
and Frederick R. 

Frederick R. Wilson spent his youthful 
days with is parents, and in fact remained 
at home during the greater part of the time 
until nine years ago. He is a graduate of 
the Union high school of Union county, of 
the class of 1895, and for five j-ears he en- 
gaged in ranching and teaching scliool in 
Haker county, spending the summer months 
during that period in work at home upon the 
ranch, and the winter months as a teacher 
in the public schools. At length he deter- 
mined to make the practice of medicine his 
life work, and with this end in view entered 
the Illinois University in 1904 as a student 
in its medical department — the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago. There 
he won his M. D. degree in June, 1909, and 
located for i)ractice in Portland where he re- 
mained until the fall of 1911. He then came 
to Richlan<l where he opened an office and is 
now practicing, his ability being widely rec- 
ognized. His recent collegiate course has ac- 
quainted him with the most advanced and 
scientilic methods, an<l he keeps in touch 
with (he work of the |)rofcssion through the 
perusal of medical literature. He is very 
conscientious as well as capable in the dis- 
charge of his professional duties, and his la- 
bors are attended with success. 

In 1907 Dr. Wilson was united in marriage 
to Miss Helen M. Green, of Chicago. They 
have gained a large acquaintance during 
their residence in Richland, and the hospital- 
ity of the best homes of this );ortion of the 
county is freely extended to (liom. 

WILLIAM R. HUTCHINSON. One of the 
most successful farmers in Union county and 
one of its heaviest landowners is William R. 
Hulcliinson, Avho owns and operates nearly 
four thousand acres of fine land. He lives 
inside the city limits of Union in a very line 
and well appointed residence. lie was born 
near Mount Carmel in Wabash countv. Illi- 
nois, February 11. ]S17. the son of William 
and Margaret (Young) Hutchinson. His fa- 
ther was a native of England, while the 
mother was born near Mount Carmel in Wa- 
bash county. Illinois. The paternal grand- 



father emigrated to the new world when 
William Hutchinson was but an infant, the 
family settling in Elizabeth, Xew Jersey. 
After making that place their home for sev- 
eral .years they removed to Wabash county, 
where the grandfather died. In 1852 Wil- 
liam Hutchinson and family, together with 
three other heads of families, namely, 
John Campbell, Ransom Higgins and George 
Wright, accompanied by Samuel Taylor, Sam- 
uel Woods, and James and Henry Young, un- 
married men, formed a party with seven wag- 
ons, horses and oxen and started on May 1st 
for the Pacific coast. The party arrived in 
Portland, November 1, 1853, Samuel Woods 
having been drowned in the Snake river dur- 
ing the trip. They remained in Portland 
through the winter, which proved to be a 
very hard one, and all their stock except one 
horse died. That first winter was one of bit- 
ter experiences and required the strictest 
economy coupled with hard work to provide 
the necessary food and clothing. In the 
spring the party went to Cowlitz county, 
Washington, where Mr. Hutcliinson took up 
a donation claim of three hiuidred and twenty 
acres, availing himself of the law then in 
force, which provided that settlers who would 
remain in the country for four years should 
be entitled to a half-section of land. He re- 
mained on the land for the required length of 
time and in 1864 removed to the Grand Ronde 
valley, arriving there on the 1st of Maj'. At 
that time a few cabins along the creek were 
the only signs of settlement which the valley 
showed. The road was lined with freighting 
outfits carrying supplies to the Idaho mines 
which at that time were very promising, the 
supplies being landed at Umatilla by boat. 
Shortly after the family came to Union Wil- 
liam Hutchinson preempted land southw-est 
of that town and afterward purchased state 
school land and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits upon the land which he purchased in 
Union county, making his home there until 
his death, which occurred in 1893. There 
were five sons in his family, William R. 
Hutchinson being the second in order of 
birth. 

William R. Hutchinson received a limited 
education in the schools of Oregon and re- 
mained under the parental roof for many 
years after reaching maturity, as the father 
and the two eldest sons engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits and stock-raising for a num- 
ber of years in partnership. During his 
younger days our subject engaged in pros- 
pecting to some extent and during the va- 
rimis uprisings of the Indians frequently was 
called upon for scout duty and assisted in 
guarding the stock of the settlers from raids. 
Later he and his oldest brother went into 
partnership, continuing to engage in farming 
and stock-raising. In 1870 they removed 
their headquarters to North Powder, Baker 
county, the partnership continuing until 1900. 
The business was very successful and when 
they settled up their alTairs there was some- 
thing like four thousand acres of valuable 
land to be divided. Mr. Hutchinson has since 
continued farming and stock-raising. At 
present he is the largest landow'uer in Union 




MIC. AM) Ml;>. W. It. ill rl'lUN^O.^ 



THE N£\F-; 
PUBLIC Ll3h-RYJ 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



205 



county, owning nearly four thousand acres, 
a large portion of which is under cultivation 
and the remainder in pasture. 

Mr. Hutchinson was married Decemtwr 2, 
1885. to Miss Isabel Asbury, a native of 
Hamilton county, Illinois, and a daughter of 
Wesley and Susan (Mitchell » Asbury. the 
former a native of North Carolina and the lat- 
ter of niinois. Her paternal grandfather, 
Daniel Asbury, was liorn in Lincoln county, 
North Carolina, while O. F. Mitchell, the ma- 
ternal grandfather, was born in Virginia. She 
is a relative of Bishop Asbury, the first Pro- 
testant bishop in that state. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hutchinson four children have been 
born: Dora, Ralph William. Stephen and 
Mabel, all of whom are at home. The family 
live in a fine residence in the city of Union, 
where they arc leaders in business and so- 
cial circles. >Ir. Hutchinson, whose success 
has been phenomenal, is widely known, be- 
ing among the highly respected citizens of 
Union covmty. In politics he is independent 
and both he "and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He is an advo- 
cate and a liberal contributor to the cause 
of temperance and has always been a liberal 
supporter of all worthy charitable movements. 

GEORGE M. ROBERTS. M. D., who. in 
his professional ciirci'r. has -n directe<l his 
studies that he is ably prepared to act as 
g<>ncral practitioner, was born in McLenns- 
boro Illinois, on the 2d of November. 1S72, 
a son of Cyrus W. and Anna It. (Kicel 
Roberts, both" of whom were natives of Ten- 
nessee where they lived until after their 
marriage. In 1871 they removed to Illinois, 
and after living in that state for liftein 
vears removed to Stephenville. Texas. They 
resided there until tliiir deaths which oc- 
curred in October. 1007. and May. 1011. re- 
spectively. The father devote.1 his life to 
agricultural pursuits and he and his wife 
were members of the Missionary Baptist 
church of Stephenville. 

Dr. Roberts spent his lioyhood days in Illi- 
nois where he enjoved the opportunities ot- 
fered bv the district school- and «ubse- 
quentlv,"after his removal to Stephenvill<-. he 
became a student in the high school. In the 
autumn of l'<07 he entered the medical de- 
partment of Fort Worth University from 
which instituticm he was graduated with Mw 
class of 1000. Immediately after leaving 
school and qualifying before the medical 
board he lo(afe<l at Pauls Valley. In.lian ler- 
ritorv, where he practiced for t"n years, after 
which he came to Oregon, locating at Ix>ng 
Creek, rirant county. After pra.ticing there 
for five vears he removed to Vale. Malheur 
countv. and in OctolH-r. 1011, came to ^\ al 
Iowa count V, where he is now successfully 
engaged ili the practice of medicine. 
Thmughnut his career he has continued to 
studv along the mo-t advanced an.1 practical 
lines" and has frequenflv taken po-t graduate 
courses. In lOon. lOOr. and 1011 he was a 
student in the Oiicago Post-fJradiinte Schwd 
and the Oiicagn hospitals, and diinns; fhe.e 
vears he also attended the New ^'.rk lolv 
"clinic and the Fox and the Wildes Eye 



Clinics in Philadelphia. His present inten- 
tion is to go to Berlin in the near future and 
there specialize in some of his work. 

On the l."ith of October, 10u2, Dr. Roberts 
was married to .Miss Fay Hall, of Long 
Creek. Grant county, Oregon. To this union 
one child, Eugene, has been born. Dr. Ro- 
berts cast his vote with the democracy and 
fraternally holds membership in the .Masonic 
order. Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen of 
the World and the United Artisans. Because 
of his readiness to adopt all that is valuable 
and useful in the medical science he has 
made himself invaluable in the medical cir- 
cles of Wallowa. His aim is to help his 
fellowmen and his work has been attended 
by excellent results. He is of a studious dis- 
position ami always courteous and agreeable, 
these (junlities combining to make iiini one 
of the most popular and respected physicians 
of the town. 

ELLSWORTH J. DAVIS is an ex memlier 
of the .-tutc Icgisliilurc. having served 'lur- 
ing the stormy political period in which an 
extra session of the legislature was required 
to settle the far-famed senatorial contest 
in the state of Oregon. He is the elVicient 
cashier and general manager of the Free- 
water branch of the First National Hank of 
Milton, Oregon. His birth occiirre<l in Ver- 
non county. Wisconsin, on the 2r>lh of Sep- 
tember, l.sii2, his jmrents being .lohn K. and 
Mary A. (Williams) Davis. .\ sketch of the 
father appears on another page of this 
work. 

Ellsworth .T. Davis was reared in his fath- 
er's home, acquiring his education in the pub- 
lic schools and in Drake University at Den 
Moines, Iowa. .\fter completing his iini 
versify course he supplemented his e<luca- 
tional equipment by taking a bii«in''"i 
course at the t!em City Bii-'iness Colle.:. .r 
Qiiincy, Illinois. Having completed hi'* i'- 
quired studies at this institution, he was 
graduated in the class of 18S.".. Immeiliately 
following his grailuation he formed a part- 
nership with hi-t brother. N'. .V. Davis, and 
removed to Norton, Kansan. at which pliico 
they establiiheil an up-to date hardwuro 
house. With this biisiiii'sn they were iden- 
tified until l'«sO. During this year they dis- 
posed of their intercts in Norton and im- 
ini><liately thereafter removed to Oregon, in 
which state they l.icated in Milton. Umatilla 
county. On renching Milton, theme yt.iing 
men were the llr«t to .ee the op|)<>rt unity 
offered for the establishment of n banking 
institution in that part of I'mntilla countv, 
and they accordingly nrnnni/ed the llrsl ll- 
nanrial 'bankini; hr.ii.e of Millnn, afterward 
known a. the Kif ^■'. ■••i I'—l^ "' Mil- 
ton. Upon its ot 'h ■'• 
Davis was give tlf "" "' 
first cashier. In this capaeitv he srrvnl for 
the two immnliate years following the or- 
gnniralion of the bank, at the expiration 
of whiih time he Umk charge of the pinning 
mills of Milton, to which was Inter nrldeil n 
foundry and machine shop business. Thi« 
new iMMitinn necessitnted his resigning his 
position as cashier in the bank and the va- 



206 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



caiicy iiuulc llicrcl)y was assigned to his 
brother, X. A. Davis," Ellsworth J. Davis giv- 
ing his entire attention to the management 
of the planing mills, foundry and machine 
shop of Milton for the succeeding four years. 
At the expiration of this period he resigned 
his i)ositi()n as freneral manager and accepted 
the management of the agiicultural imple- 
ment business of J. L. Elam in Walla Walla, 
Washington. lie remained in this position, 
having com])lete charge of this business, un- 
til Mr. Elam organized the J. L. Elam Bank 
in Walla Walla, nnd upon the organization 
of this institution Mr. Davis was called to 
the position of its first cashier. In that ca- 
pacity he continiicd until 1904, when he re- 
turned to assume the cashiership and man- 
agement of the First National Bank of Mil- 
ton, the occasion of his return being the 
necessary absence of his brother, N. A., who 
at this time was called to Mexico on an im- 
portant business mission recjuiring his per- 
sonal attention, this business mission re- 
<]uiring a period of two years before its com- 
pletion. At the end of this time N. A. Davis 
reassumed charge of the banking interests 
of the First National Bank of Milton and 
Ellsworth J. Davis continued his work as 
assistant cashier. In 1906 a branch of the 
First National Bank of Milton was organ- 
ized in Freewater and in the fall of 1907 
Ellsworth .J. Davis was placed in charge of 
this financial institution, where he has since 
remained as cashier and general manager. 

In 1S87 Mr. Davis was united in marriage 
to Miss Laura M. Renoe, of Norton. Kansas. 
To this union four children have been born: 
Pearl M., now the wife of Charles M. Dyer, 
a farmer of Walla Walla county, Washing- 
ton ; Chester R.. a farmer of this county ; 
and Harry L. and Fay A., both at home with 
their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Davis are mem- 
bers of the First Christian church of Mil- 
ton. The former is also identified with the 
Masonic fraternity, belonging to Milton 
Lodge, No. 96. 

In the year 1895 Jlr. Davis, being an en- 
thusiastic republican and one of the leaders 
of his party, was elected to the state legis- 
lature of Oregon and again reelected in 1897 
to the house. This session witnessed one of 
the notable and far-famed jiolitical battles 
of the Pacilic coast, the situation being 
brought about by a contest over a LTnite<l 
States senatorship. 

A temporary organization had been per- 
fected but when the vote was taken it re- 
sulted in a deadlock which continued 
throughout the remaining period of the ses- 
sion and for five additional days, the result 
being that a iiermarient organization was 
no( elTected at all that session. 

On the assembling of the legislature Mr. 
Davis was elected speaker of the house dur- 
ing this temporary organization and serve<l 
in this capacity for a period of forty-five 
consecutive days. He has long been one of 
the representative b\isiness men of Freewater 
nnd one of the most inlluential republic:! ii- 
in the county of Umatilla. He i> wid.lN 
known througliout the political and financial 
circles of the state of Oregon anil is a man 



of extensive influence, giving the full meas- 
ure of his strength to the advancement of 
all issues having for their object the fur.- 
ther improvement and development of the 
best interests of Oregon and Umatilla county 
in particular. 

JOSEPH BECK. The ranch of eighty acres 
which Joseph Beck owned and occupied is 
devoted to the raising of fruit, grain and hay. 
It is upon this place that he resided to the 
time of his death which occurred in January, 
1906, when he was eighty years of age. He 
had long been a valued and worthy resident 
of Baker county. He was born in Virginia, 
March ;36, 1836, a son of Christian and Eliza- 
beth (Stamm) Beck, who were natives of 
Pennsylvania and Virginia respectively. In 
1850 Joseph Beck, then a youth of about 
twenty-four years, crossed the plains to Cali- 
fornia. His boyliood and youth had been 
spent under the parental roof and the public 
schools afforded him his educational 
privileges. At length the news of the dis- 
covery of gold in California reached him and 
he resolved to try his fortunes in that sec- 
tion of the country and accordingly traveled 
day after day over the long stretches of hot 
sand and through the mountain passes until 
he reached the Pacific coast and took up min- 
ing. There he resided until 1863 when he 
came to Baker county, Oregon, establishing 
his home in Auburn where he also engaged 
in mining. Subsequentl}' he removed to 
Sparta where he carried on mining until the 
centennial year when he removed to Eagle 
Valley and took up a homestead claim upon 
which his widow still resides. It originally 
comprised one hundred and si.xty acres, but 
he afterward sold eighty acres of this. He 
devoted his land to the cultivation of fruit 
and grain and made it a valuable and pro- 
ductive property, annually yielding crops that 
brought him a substantial income. 

Mr. Beck was twice married. In 1848 he 
married a Miss Jackson and unto them were 
born several children but all are now de- 
ceased. In 1891 he was again married, his 
second union being with Mrs. Miranda (Bab- 
cock) Williams, the widow of L. J. Williams. 
By her first marriage she had five children: 
William, of Baker county; Ida, who is the 
wife of Ed Rich of the same county; Nora, 
the wife of Henry Moody; Henry; and Leon- 
ard, at home. 

In politics Jlr. Beck was a lifelong demo- 
crat, and while lie was never a politician in 
the sense of office seeking, he served as 
county treasurer of Baker county. He was a 
soldier of the Mexican war. enlisting in 
Company A of the First Illinois Infantry, 
and while at the front he participated in the 
battle of Buena Vista. He was one of tht-^ 
lew Mexican war veterans living in Oregon, 
and in Baker county his death occurred in 
January. 1906. His" widow still makes her 
home on the farm which he left her and is 
now very comfortably situated, for the prop- 
erty yields to her a good annual return. At 
(lie time of his demise Mr. Beck li.as resided 
on the Pacific coast for fifty-six years, .so 
almost the entire history of Oregoi! was fa- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



■201 



miliar to him. The work of general im- 
provement and progress found in him a help- 
ful supporter, and at all times he was loyal 
to the best interests of the eommunity. 
Moreover, in business atFairs he was 
thoroughly trustworthy, and he lived to a 
ripe old age, respected by all who knew him. 

GILBERT W. PHELPS, judge of the cir- 
cuit court of the sixth judicial district of 
Oregon, has been continuously conncote<l 
with the bar since the fall of" 1894. The 
steps in his orderly progression are easily 
discernible. Close study and careful analy- 
sis, combined with logical reasoning, won 
him advancement in the trial of his cases, 
and the ability which lie di-<played in that 
connection recDmmendeil him for juilirini 
honors, which he now worthily wears. Hi- 
was born in Mansfield, Pennsylvania. Janu- 
ary 19, 1S72, a son of Charles W. and Cath- 
erine (Whittaker) Phelps, lioth of whom 
were natives of Pennsylvania where they 
were reared and married. In ISTfi they 
came west to Oregon, settling at what is 
now IIooil River, where the father purchased 
one hundnil and sixty acres of land and 
engaged in farming. This was pricir to the 
development of horticultural interests in that 
section of the state. About 1SS2 he re- 
moved to The Dalles where he embarked in 
a merchandise business with which he was 
identified for sixteen years, being numbered 
throughout that period among the progres- 
sive business men of the town. In 1S9H he 
disposed of his commercial interests there 
and removed to California, hoping to lienelit 
his health wliii-h had become seriously im- 
paired. He died, however, in Rerkcley in 
1900. His widow still survives and still 
makes her home in Iterkeley. Mr. Phelps was 
a republican, but had no desire for the honor* 
or emoluments of public otlice. He served his 
country as a scddier in the Civil war, remain 
ing at the front throughout the period of 
hostilities, having enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred ami Seventy first Kegiment of Pennsyl- 
vania \olnnteer>. lie ever afterward main- 
tained pleasant relations with his old army 
comrades through his membership in the 
Grand .\rmy of the llepiil.lic Mis wife is 
a member of the Congregational church and 
is highly esteemed in the community where 
she makes her home. 

.Judge I'helps, spending his youthful days 
at Thi- Dalles, there atten.led the public 
school and afterward entered the Wnso. 
Independent .V.ademy. Mis eidlege eoiir-e 
was pursued in the I'niversity of Michigan 
at Ann .\rbor, whicli he entered in the fall 
of 1891, there pursuing a law rour«e until 
graduated with the class of lS9t. Follow 
ing his grailualion he opened an ofUce at 
The Dalles, and while there was appointed 
depiitv district attorney of Wnsro cnunly. 
in whiih position he served for three year". 
During two years of the same |>erio<l he 
filled the olVice of cily recorder, and «»» 
thus prominently associated with ofllcini in- 
terests, while in" the private practice of law 
he made continuous progress. In .\ugu.«l, 
1897. he removed to Ileppner. where he 



formed a partnership with Congressnntn W. 
K. Kllis. practicing under the lirm name of 
KIlis li Phelps. This connection was iim- 
tinued until .Judge Ellis was called to the 
circuit bench in .lune, 1900. .Mr. Phelps uas 
afterward alone in practice until subseijuent 
to his removal to Pendleton. While living in 
Ileppner he was honored with political pre- 
ferment, being electeil to the state legishi- 
ture in 1902. In 1901 he was chosen prose- 
cuting attorney of this district and renn>veil 
to Pendleton where he formed a law partner- 
ship with John McConrt, now I'nited ."states 
district attorney. In 1908 he was reelected 
prosecuting attorney and filled the position 
for two years when he resigned, having been 
appointeil circuit judge by (Jovernor llower- 
iiian to till out the unexpired term of .ludgc 
II. •(. lieau. who was elevated to the supreme 
bench. Jinlge Phelps is proving an able 
jurist. Ids decisions being strictly fair and 
impartial, his comprehensive knowledge of 
the law enabling him to pass judgment upon 
the eases that come before him with due re- 
garil to principle and to precedent. 

In 1^99 Judge Phel])s was married to Miss 
Cora .M. Hart, of Ileppner. and unto them 
have been born two ihiMn-n. Margaret 
Louise and Cenex ieve Fay. .lodge Phelps 
holds membership in lleppm-r I/idge. No. .'•9, 
F. & A. M.. and has attained the thirly-sce- 
ond degree of the ."Scottish Rite in Oregon 
Consistory. No. 1. A. & A. S. R. He also 
belongs to Pendleton I»dge, No. 2SS, II. P. f). 
E.. and to the Pendleton Commerciol Club, 
while his wife is a member of the Episco- 
pal church. He is thoroughly imbu.il with 
the spirit of progression which characterizes 
the ni>rtliwest, and has In-en a ciMirdinate 
factor in many projects which have eonlrlli- 
uted to the welfare and the upbuilding of 
this section of the country. After all, how 
ever, the practice of law is his chief life 
work and in this he has won for himself 
very favorable commendation for the careful 
and systematic methods which he has fol- 
lowed." He has remarkable powers of con- 
centration and application, and his rctcnlive 
mind has ofti-n excited the surprise of ni» 
profi'"ioniil icdleaL'Ues. 

ADAM F. SHEETS, blacksmith ond hotel 
proprietor of .J.>seph. Oregon. wa« born in 
(hamlM-rsburg. Franklin county. Pennsylvania, 
August 27, l'<41. Me is a son of Nichnlo» 
and Marv (Vogelt Sheets, both of wh..m were 
born in" f;ermanv. They w.re brought to 
the Inited States as chiblrm by their pa- 
rents who settled in ChamhirsburB. Sub 
se.iii.ntlv th.-v w.re nmrrie.l in Ualtimore. 
but alm.'.st imme.liafely afterward located in 
Chamlxrsburg where the father, in partner 
ship with C.-orge Ni.holns. eslablishe.l a weav- 
ing business. In It.'..'. Nicholas Sheets re- 
mov.'.l to Pittsburg where he was omploye.l 
by two cousins, who operated a store in 
.Vllegheny Cily ami olv> one in Itiitler c.unty. 
Me was i-mployed as teamster, han.lling goo.!* 
for the two stores ami his death, which was 
line to an injury riTeived from a h..r».'. i«-- 
eurred in Uiitler City. Febniarr, H'.«. 



208 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY. OF OREGON 



Adam F. Sheets remained at home until 
after his father's death. His life up to that 
time had been busily occupied attending 
school and assisting w'ith the work at home. 
At the age of seventeen he accepted an ap- 
prenticeship with a blacksmith, it being neces- 
sary for him to assist in the support of his 
mother. Realizing that the opportunities 
which the west offered were greater than 
those to be found in Pennsylvania he left 
Pittsburg in 1864 with only ten dollars as 
capital, and crossed the plains with ox teams 
to Oregon. The party started from Pittsburg 
on the ")th of March and arrived in Boise on 
September 4. Subsequently they continued 
their trip to Oregon and Mr. Sheets located 
in La Grande, where, until 1896, he was en- 
gaged in blacksmithing. In that year he 
rented his shop and went to British Columbia 
to see what possibilities that country might 
liave to offer. Not finding what he expected 
he returned to Oregon, and after about one 
year, which he spent in Milton, he came to 
Wallowa county, where about four years ])re- 
viously he had" placed a herd of cattle and 
horses with a man who was to range them on 
shares. Upon arriving in this county he lo- 
cated in Joseph, where he lias since been 
operating a blacksmith shop. The excellence 
of the work done in his shop is attested by 
the fact that he is now obliged to employ 
two assistants, and is enjoying the largest 
patronage in the town. He has also been en- 
gaged in the restaurant and hotel business. 
and although he has desired to retire, his 
guests have raised such continuous objections 
that he has continued to act as host. He is 
the owner of the Sheets livery barn and sev- 
eral pieces of city property. He is one of 
the most snlistantial citizens of Joseph, aid- 
ing nniterially in the devolepment of the 
eity. 

On the 7th of August, 1870, Mr. Sheets was 
married to Miss ^largaret Scott, a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Scott, a prominent ranchman of 
I'matilla county, who came to Oregon from 
Missouri in 186.^. To Jlr. and Mrs. Sheets 
eleven children were born, nine of whom sur- 
vive, namely: Catherine, who is the wife of 
W. ,(. Karls, of La Grande; Mabel, who is 
married to S. 0. Gates, of Union county; Ella. 
who became the wife of I. Hoskins, of Wal- 
lowa county; Kveline, who married Arthur 
Collinsworth. of Joseph. Oregon; Ethel, the 
wife of Steve Houck, also of Joseph; .lolin 
H., who is employed in his father's shop; 
Jacoli A., who is in the real-estate business 
in Joseph; Joseph F., a ranchman of Wal- 
lowa eoiinty; and I'^rederick 1... who is in 
newspaper work, being foreman in (lie Daily 
Herald olViee at Baker City. 

Mr. Sheets casts his vote witli the demo- 
erntic party, and is serving his fourth term 
as justice of the peace. While living in La 
Grande he served as member of the town 
coun'il and also eity treasurer, lie holds 
meniborsliip In Silver Lake Lodg<'. Xo. S4, 
T. O. 0. F.. of La (^.rande. having been in- 
itiated into that lodge thirty-tliree years 
ago. He has been delegate to the state lodge. 
and has received all the honors the (ugan- 
i;tntinn can confer upon him. Because of his 



long residence in Joseph and his successful 
business career, Mr. Sheets is accounted one 
of its most substantial citizens. His many 
friends have been won by reason of the high 
regard he has always maintained for the 
rights and opinion of others and by his chari- 
table and altruistic spirit. 

HON. ANDREW W. PATTERSON, M. D. 

Ill the attractive and beautiful city of 
Eugene, which the Hon. Andrew W. Patter- 
son laid out in 1854, there stands a fine 
school building which was named in his 
honor. All who were personally acquainted 
with him or know aught of his history cher- 
ish his memory and while he was yet living 
entertained for him the highest esteem and 
respect because of the important part which 
he took in the development of this portion 
of the state and the upright life which he 
lived. He was one of the pioneer physicians 
and also one of the first surveyors of this 
part of the state, and the spirit of helpful- 
ness which he manifested gave a decided 
impetus to many progressive public move- 
ments. He was born in Armstrong county, 
Pennsylvania. October 4, 1814, and was de- 
scended from a family of Scotch origin 
founded in America by John Patterson, the 
grandfather, who settled on this side of the 
Atlantic in colonial times. Wlien the col- 
onies attempted to throw off the yoke of 
British oppression he joined the troops un- 
der General Washington and aided in win- 
ning American independence. He was 
slightly wounded and died in New Jersey 
while the army was in winter quarters 
there. His son Andrew Patterson, father of 
Dr. Patterson, was born in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, where he was reared to man- 
hood. He served an apprenticeship to a 
spinning wheel manufacturer and later 
learned the trades of cabinetmaking and 
carpentering. He was thus employed for 
many years and subsequently he engaged in 
farming in Armstrong county to the time of 
his death, which occurred in ISDS, when he 
was sixty-one years of age. He married 
Jane Lindsay, of Shippensburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and unto them were born five sons 
and three daughters, who reached adult age. 
Dr. Patterson was the youngest son in 
this family. He .supplemented bis prepara- 
tory education acquired in Bassingbam 
Academy by a course in the ^^'estern LTni- 
versity of Pennsylvania at Pittsburgh. With 
the intention of making the practice of medi- 
cine bis life work, he began studying under 
the direction of Dr. Joseph Gazam and next 
entered the Pennsylvania College of Medicine, 
a school which had recently been established 
by a part of the faculty of Jefi'erson Medical 
College. He practiced for a year in Pitts- 
burg before his graduation with the M. D. 
degree in March, 1841. He had taken his 
first course of lectures in 1839 and after his 
graduation he removed westward to (Green- 
field, Indiana, where he continued in prac- 
tice for a time ami then returned to Pitts- 
burg. He afterward went upon the road as 
traveling representative for a inaiiufaeturer 




DR. ANDKKW W I'ATTKIISON 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



211 



of surgical instruments and in April, 1S52, 
he was one of a party of live who started on 
horseback for the then far west. That was 
a year of great immigration to the Pacitic 
coast and after the usual experiences and 
hardships of such a trip the party arrived 
at The Dalles on the S^th of August. Ix'ing 
among the lirst to reach this state in that 
year. 

Believing that some day the present site 
of Eugene would be selected as a favorable 
one for the county seat of Lane county, he 
took up a donation claim about a mile 
west of the present citj'. Soon afterward he 
entered government employ as a surveyor 
and was given the contract by the iimnty 
commissioners to survey the plot of Kugene. 
In 1854 he laid out the town, forty acres 
of which was given by Charnel Mulligan and 
forty acres by Eugene Skinner. Eighth 
street forming the dividing line. This work 
was so satisfactorily' performed that other 
appointments of this kind came to him. lie 
continued to engage in surveying for two 
years, working in Washington and Oregon. 
When the Rogue River Indian war broke out 
he was selected to raise a company but "If 
clined, hoping to receive an appointment iis 
surgeon. As he received no call in that 
line he agreed to serve as first lieutenant 
of Captain Buoy's Company. They reached 
the battleground on the third day of the 
battle of Hungry Hill. There Dr. Patterson 
met the commissary general. Dr. .loseph 
Grew, who asked him to accept the position 
of surgeon. Notwithstanding the fact that 
he could not offer his resignation of lieuten- 
ant until the following day. Dr. Patterson 
went to work immediately, dressing the 
wounds of the men. and the next morning, 
having resigned his commission as iienten- 
ant, he was commissioned and appointeil by 
tleneral (Jrew as nurgeon, which position hi' 
held until April 15. 1850, when he resigned. 
Notwithstanding he had a most ru^'g''! ion 
stitntion. his service in the Kogue Kiver 
campaign was so arduous that it told upon 
his health and as recruits were badly needed 
he was appointed to retuni to Eugene to 
secure enlistments. 

In the spring of 185" Dr. Patterson took 
a contract to survey six townships in Liine 
county and while thus engaged his services 
as a medical practitioner were much in de- 
mand, for he was one of the few physicians 
in the country. When fieneral Chapman 
was appointed surveyor Dr. Patterson was 
offered the position of chief clerk and ably 
serveil In that connection until a rhange in 
the office. In the meantime he secured a 
contract to survey five townships between 
The Dalles and the .John Day river and hi\ 
therefore, resumeil work of that choracter. 
In the spring of 1S6'.' he l»-gnn the prar 
tiee of medicine in Eugene and i-ontinui'il 
active In his profession for thirty three years. 
Throughout that period he wos accorded n 
lilM-ral patronage, for lie ever held to high 
standards of professional service and gave his 
patients the benefit thereof. In \'*'i'. how- 
ever, he retired from active prartice to en- 
joy a well earned rest. For several years 



prior to 1897 he had confined his ctTorts to 
otfice consultation entirely. 

It has been said of Dr. Patterson: "In 
the various public movements which were 
vital to the growth of the country he has 
ever fulfilled his part as a loyal and intelli- 
gent citizen. In the early educatmnal enter- 
prises he exercised a strong inlliience." lie 
ser^'cd as school director and for three terms 
was county sup(>rlntendent of schools. In 
recognition of the splendid service he ren- 
dered along educational lines there has been 
erected to his memory a monument in the 
Patterson school, which was nanu-d in his 
honor. He was associated for some time 
with Samuel Simpson in the pnparation of 
schoolbooks and they prepared five Pacific 
coast series, which were used for a numlM-r of 
yearn. They also wrote three reailers and 
compiled a speller, all of which were pub- 
lished by Bancroft & Company of San Kran- 
Cisco. He attended the dedication of the 
Patterson school and. although he had iH-en 
blind for ten J'ears, it was a sotirie of great 
pleasure and gratification to him tliut he 
was thus . honored in the naming of the 
sdiool. While in Pi-nnsvlvania he luid pub- 
lished the Northwest Liti-rary Maga/.lne, 
which was one of the first publications de- 
voted to pioneer historv. but his plant was 
destroyed by fire and it was this that 
cau.sed him to remove to the west. Dr. Pat- 
terson gave his political allegiance to the 
demwratic party and in 1855 represented 
his district In the state legislature and from 
1S70 until 1874 was a member of the state 
senate. He acted as chairman of the com- 
mittee on public linildings in the senate 
when the bill for establishing the university 
at Eugene was introduced. It was due to 
his work and power as chairinan that the 
bill was brought out of the committee room 
and passed. Moreover. Dr. Patterson was 
a most generous contributor to the univer- 
sity fund. 

.-\long material lines Dr. Patterson also 
contrllintid largely to the upbuilding and 
development of his section of the state. He 
was one of the first to intrcsluce the grow- 
ing of hops in I_,ane county. His ranch near 
the city was washed away and he then pur- 
chased what ts'i-ame known as Patterson's Is- 
land, where he planted a hop yord. send 
ing to England for the first rwifs. He thus 
did nmch to promoti- nn industry which for 
many vears has Iw-en nni- of thi' rhief sourevs 
of revfiine to this part of the stote. 

On the 4th of ,luly. I'*5'i. I)r PoUerson 
was united In marriage. In Eugene, to Miss 
.\manila C. Olinger. a natlvr of Iowa and the 
iddi'st child of .-\brahnm Olingrr. who was 
born in Dayton. Ohio, niid was a son of 
.lohn (flinger. Her fiilh.-r Ix-rami- identified 
with fiirniiti^r inli r.-«t< ui Inwa and in lS4:i 
hi- I'riis^i'.l till' |>l.iiii< nilh nx teams. He 
was HI till' tir«t trnin of immiirmnt* into 
the Wlllnmitt.- vnllry. whi-rr they arrived 
after a trip r>f mm- months. Mr. Olinger 
took up his ttlxxle in Yamhill county, where 
he earrieil on farming for three years, and 
then removed to the Waldo hills in Marion 
county, where he rngageil in farming until 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



his clcatli ill 1S72. He married Rachel 
Stout, a native of Missouri and a daughter 
of E])hraiin Stout, who crossed the plains in 
1843 and died in 1852. Mrs. Patterson was 
reared in Oregon and after attending the 
public scliools entered Willamette University. 
Dr. and Mrs. I'atterson became the parents 
of eight children of whom live are living: 
Aufrusta, who is the widow of 0.scar Karl- 
strom and resides in Eugene: Anna, who is a 
graduate of the University of Oregon of the 
class of 188,') and is now the wife of L. H. 
Potter, of Eugene, who is mentioned else- 
where in this volume; Ida, who is a univer- 
sity graduate of ISSfl and has been principal 
of the Patterson school for many years, or 
since it was erected; Clyde Llewellyn, who is 
a musician formerly of Baltimore, Maryland, 
now residing in JIacon, Georgia; and Har- 
riet, who was graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Oregon in the class of 1903. The 
family home is one of the attractive and 
lovely residences of this city located at 387 
Eleventh street. Professionally Dr. Pat- 
terson was connected with the J^ane County 
Medical .Society to the time of his death, 
which occurred December 20, 1904. Fra- 
ternally he was a member of Eugene Lodge, 
No. 11, A. F. & A. M., and his religious 
faith was that of the Unitarian church. It 
would be difficult to tell in which field his 
lifcwork was of most usefulness because of 
tlie many activities to which he directed his 
attention. lie was a highly honored physi- 
cian and one whose ability placed him in 
the foremost rank of practitioners in the 
Willamette valley; he was a public official 
over whose record there fell no shadow of 
wrong or suspicion of evil; he was a man 
whom to know personally was to esteem 
and honor. Ilis life was, indeed, a service- 
able one in the world and he left behind him 
a memory that is cherished by all who 
knew him. 

MRS. AMANDA C. PATTERSON. With 
the history of pioneer life in all its phases 
Mrs. Amanda C. (Olinger) Patterson is fa- 
miliar, having been brought to Oregon in 
ISlii. She was then a little maiden of six 
summers so she is indeed familiar with 
events which have shaped the historj' of this 
state because of the indelible impressions 
made upon the youthful mind. She was 
born in Iowa, September 1. 1837, a daughter 
of Abraham and Rachel Olinger. Her father 
was a native of Cincinnati. Ohio, and his pa- 
rents were natives of (iermany where they 
were reared and married, several children 
being born to them in that country ere they 
started for the new world. The gramlfather 
was a wheelwright by trade, learning that 
business in his native land. After crossing 
the Atlantic to the United States he set- 
th'il in Cincinnati, Ohio, and there reared 
his family, his son Abraham being educated 
in that city. At an early age the latter 
bepan to aid in the support of the family, 
brinp employed in Cincinnati, but later he 
turned his altentinii to agricultural pursuit.'-, 
and whi'ii he was aliout twenty-two years of 
nge removed (o Iowa where he followed 



farming for a long period. He married 
Rachel Stout in that state and unto them 
were born four sons and six daughters, of 
whom one son, Ephraim Oliver, is now liv- 
ing in Hood River, wliere for many years 
he has served as deputy sheriff, being still an 
incumbent of that office. Four daughters of 
the familj' also survive: Lou. who is the 
wife of James Jenkins of California; Alice, 
who is the wife of Oscar Nelson of Baker 
City, Oregon; Martha, who married Presley 
Faens; and Mrs. Patterson of this review. 

In April, 1843, Ephraim Stout and his 
wife and Abraham Olinger and his family 
started across the plains for Oregon. Mrs. 
Patterson, who was then but six years of 
age, remembers distinctly their Iowa home 
which was a comfortable log cabin, and she 
also remembers many incidents of the trip 
over the long stretches of hot sand and 
through the mountain passes. It required 
nine months of continuous travel for them 
to reach Oregon where they arrived on 
Christmas day. The trip through Missouri 
was a very difficult one as Avinter was just 
breaking up and roads were almost impass- 
able, the mud at times being up to the hubs. 
A party of emigrants formed a wagon 
train of about one hundred wagons at In- 
dependence and started for the coast. As 
they progressed, however, it became neces- 
sary for them to separate for the great 
number of teams created so much dust that 
those in the rear could not stand it. Then 
too, such a large party could not find feed- 
ing places for the cattle. The hardships and 
difficulties of such a trip cannot be realized 
by those who did not actually e.xperience 
them, but many events of that long journey 
remain vividly impressed upon the memory 
of Mrs. Pattenson. At times the roads 
were little more than a wagon trail and all 
streams had to be forded. Dift'erent mem- 
bers of the party were ill at times but all 
lived to reach their destination save two or 
tliree who were drowned in the Columbia 
river. They encountered Indians but had 
little or no trouble with them. On one oc- 
casion they bought canoes of the Indians 
and there arose a little difficulty in the ad- 
justment, but this was finally settled peace- 
ably. On another occasion the alarm was 
given by three men riding in advance of the 
train that four or five hundred Indians were 
in sight. The wagons were brought together 
in a ring, the stock was corraled and the men 
prepared to fight for their lives, but as the 
band drew near it proved to be made up of 
trappers who were going to a fort to trade 
skins. Mrs. Patterson remembers the 
smiles of the party when they saw the prep- 
arations they had made for battle. 

At length the long hard journey was over 
and the Olinger family settled at Kelsey 
where they remained through the winter. 
Mr. Olinger tlieii heard of French Mills on 
French prairie where was located a Catholic 
niissioiL. there being quite a settlement of 
Frenchmen there. Tie removed to that dis- 
I rict but remained for only nine months, it 
lioroniing unjileasant to stay longer. He 
ne\t went to Waldo Hills seven miles east of 




.MKS. AMANDA C. I'ATTKRSoX 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



:.'ir. 



Suleiu where lie touk up a section of land, 
immediately beginning its cultivution and 
development. The family had not long 
been residents of this section of the country 
when Mrs. Stout, the grandmother of Mrs. 
Patterson, died about lfi47. Five years 
passed and in 1852 the grandfather also de- 
parted this life. Her lather. Mr. Olinger, 
continued to reside upon his farm at Waldo 
Hills until his death which occurred soon 
after the close of the Civil war in 1»65. 

Mrs. Patterson was educated in the public 
schools of Waldo Hills and in the Willa- 
mette University which she attended for a 
time althougli she did not graduate. She wa.-- 
carefully trained in the duties of the house- 
hold aiid was therefore well qualilled to 
take charge of a home of her own when on 
the 4th of July, 1859, she became the wife 
of Dr. A. W. Patterson, of whom extended 
mention is made on another page of this 
work. Eight children were born unto them, 
live of whom are yet living: Augusta P.. 
who is the widow of Oscar Karlstrom; Anna 
P., the wife of L. 11. Potter, presi<lcnt of thi- 
Merchants' Bank of Eugene; Ida. who Is 
principal of the Patterson school and is liv- 
ing at home; Clyde L., a resident of 
Georgia; and Harriet at home. Liberal edu- 
cational advantages were afTorde<i the sons 
and daughters of the family and Anna. Ma 
and Harriet are all graduates of the Ore- 
gon State University. Mrs. Patterson is a 
member of Evangeline Chapter, No. 51. O. 
E. S., and is a valued member and worker 
in the Unitarian church. Her activities have 
always been such as have contributed to the 
happiness and comfort of the home and the 
welfare and progress of the community in 
which she lives. 

JAMES M. THOMPSON, who has been a 
witness of much of the pioneer life and is at 
present conducting a livery business in 
Joseph. Oregon, was born in Franklin 
countv, Alabama, December 1, 1S4S. his par 
ents being Allen and Elizabeth E. (McCai>;i 
Thompson, whose deaths occurred in Morcli. 
1900. and in 190t; respectively. The father 
was a stone cutter by trade and in 1856 built 
the first house which was erected in (Green- 
wood county. Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. .Mien 
Thompson were the parents of six children: 
.lames .M.. wlio is the subject of this review; 
Hiram: Jefferson: .lohn; Nettie, wh.i \i\ the 
wife of Thomas SheMon; and Ella, who i« 
married to William rirurkert. 

When James M. Thompson wu< eight 
years of age ln' removed with his parent'* to 
Kansas nn.I in ISOO. when he «iis eighteen 
years of age. he ran away from home and 
went to Texas, where he worked for four 
years. During that lime he wn» living with 
a man of consl<lenil«le eihienlion. who gave 
him everv possible upport unity for ae<iulring 
some knowledge of suiOi i-lementary branrlie'. 
n» he had not studie.l in seliool. Ijjter he 
worked for four years on the Ni>rth Platte 
river for Hosier Brothers, beef mntrartor*. 
after which he went to the Illa.k Hills at 
the time of the excitement there. He re- 
mained there fiir two yenr« iind in March. 



1870, was hired as a scout by General Crook, 
who was lighting the Indians. In May ol 
the same year he was employed as dispatch 
bearer and he carriol a me.s.sage to Fort Me 
Pherson the day of Custer's nmssacre. arriv 
ing there just after it had occurred. Ho re 
nutined at Fort Custer under Colonel iSuell 
until ISHl. In ISSO and ISSl he was al«>> 
with lieneral Miles when Sitting Hull sur 
rcndereil and when lieneral Miles captured 
the Hannock Indians in 1878. In 18S2 he 
I'ngiiged in freighting and went to Killings. 
.Montana. He remained thus engage«l until 
ISSS, the year in which hi' purchased a 
ranch at Castle and started a dairy. In 189:i 
he en^'at;ed in the cattle business and con- 
tinueil it until 1901), in that year disposint; 
of his property and removing to Jowph. 
Oregon. He again engaged in the cattle 
business on the Snake river and continued 
for six years. In 190t"> he purchased the 
liverj', feed and sales stable, wliich he is still 
condiicting. He also owns one hundred and 
twenty acres of land in Imiiaha valley. .Mr. 
Thompson casts his vote with the democracy 
and for the last two years has In'cn a mem- 
lier of the lily council of .loseph. His g^-n- 
nine personal worth has gaininl him the un- 
((ualilied regard of an extensive circle of 
friends and his business ability is recognizinl 
in Joseph. 

ALLEN H. EATON. It is seldom that one 
is fouml whose life so closely and fully em 
bodies his lii>;li ideals as tloes that ol .\lleii 

II. Eaton. However, he selected a line of 
business in which he could carry out his 
opinions concerning the purposes and the op- 
portunities of life, conducting in Eugene one 
of its most attractive conimercial establish- 
ments—in a splendidly and well ei|iiipp<-d 
liook and art store. It has always bei'U his 
belief that the time well spent is the tinu' 
that is civeii to those activities an<l interests 
which have enduring value, those which pro 
mote the intellectual, esthetic and moral cul 
ture. Thus was his choice of a life work 
made. His sound judgment tmi has enobled 
him to utilize practical methcMU in working 
totvurd his high ideals and his servic«' as a 
member of the state legislature from lj»ne 
I'ounty is also expressive of his opinions con 
cerning the duties and obligations of citifen 
ship. 

Mr. Eaton was born in Union, Oregon. May 

III. 1S7S. his parents U'lng .Iidin II. and 
Minerva Pntterson (Hendershotl ) Eaton. 
■ lis grandfather was John niirnhani l-Ulon. 
who. ofter re«iiliiig ill «everal New England 
states removed weslwonl to Cincinnati. Ohio, 
after which he there eontiniioii'.ly engaged 
in the practici- of law for which he had pre 
pared in earlv ninnliixHl. He wedfled ll.w«e 
Allen while still liMiii.' in New EiiRland. the 
ladv beiiiK a memlMT of the same family as 
I'id'onel Ethan .Mien of Kevidutionnry war 
fame. 

The birlh of John B. K»ton oeeiirred In 
Wrmont in tlJO. and he acquired his edii 
cation in the Kryeburg .\rademy of Maine 
nnd in Dartmouth College. He ofterward 
made hi« Hoy westward to Oregon where he 



216 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



spent some time in the mines but later 
turned his attention to general merchandis- 
ing in Union. He is now senior member of 
the state tax commission at Salem and in his 
political views is a stalwart republican. He 
married Minerva, a daughter of .James Hen- 
dershott, who came acros-s the plains from 
Iowa to Oregon. His wife and children came 
later via the Isthmus of Panama route to 
join him. Sir. and Mrs. .John B. Eaton had 
five children of whom four are now living: 
Allen H; Kufus, a resident of Emmett, 
Idaho; Lester, who is living in Portland; and 
Earl a resident of Portland, Oregon. 

Allen H. Eaton supplemented his public 
school education by a course in the Uni- 
versity of Oregon from which he was grad- 
uated" in the class of 1902. In the fall of 
that year he embarked in his present busi- 
ness, which is one of the unique commercial 
interests of the northwest. It was estab- 
lished by him in order that he might have a 
wider opportUTiity for the expression of his 
ideals. His principle aim in life is to pro- 
mote happiness and he believes this can best 
be accomplislieil perhaps by working along 
those lines of which the great English poet, 
William Morris, was the leading exponent. A 
person who is familiar with the genuine arts 
and crafts movement has said that Mr. 
Eaton already has done more to advance this 
movement than any other individual on the 
Pacific coast. His wide reading, personal ex- 
perience and synipath}' with the movement 
that is seeking to beautifj' and ennoble the 
environment of the masses by the cultiva- 
tion of good taste and a development of real 
artistic instinct and appreciation has led to 
a demand for his presence on the lecture 
platform and while he makes no pretense to 
oratorical ability he is so inspired by his 
subject that he is able to present his ideas 
in a most attractive form, winning marked 
consideration. On tliese occasions he usually 
illustrates his points with specimens of 
handiwork, showing how things of beauty 
can be wrought from the commonest ma- 
terials that are within the reach of all. Mr. 
Eaton keeps thoroughly informed concerning 
all developnu'iits in this lield of art not only 
in America, but in England, France and Ger- 
many as well. 

As might be exjicctcd when a man with 
such ideals enters the political Held his inter- 
est centers in the legislative work relating 
to education and so from the time Mr. Eaton 
entered the legislature in 1906 until the 
present, for he is still serving in that body, 
lie has given especial attention to legisla- 
tion relating to the public schools and the 
State University and perhaps has accom- 
plished more of positive good along these 
lines than any other individual. This is cer- 
tainly true as regards legislation relating to 
the State University. When he took his 
Heat in the general assembly the annual ap- 
l)ropriation for the Oregon' ITniversity was 
only forty-seven thousand, five hundred dol- 
lars -less than the amount appropriated by 
any other state to its university. Through 
the untiring elVorts of Mr. Eatoii and in the 
face of determined opposition by leading 



men and newspapers in the state Mr. Eaton 
so presented the subject and the situation 
that this appropriation has been increased to 
one hundred and twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars. Wliile he is putting forth his most 
strenuous efforts as a legislator in behalf of 
educational interests he is not neglectful of 
other duties of his position and gives earnest 
consideration to each vital question which 
comes up for settlement. It might be men- 
tioned as a remarkable fact in the career of 
Mr. Eaton as a legislator, that, although he 
is one of the youngest members of the 
house, he is probably the oldest in point of 
service in the state halls of lawmakers. 

In 1903, Mr. Eaton was united in marriage 
to Miss C'ecile Dorris, a daughter of Ben- 
jamin F. Dorris. of Eugene, and they have 
two children, Elizabeth and Martha. Mrs. 
Eaton is in hearty accord with all of her 
husband's purposes and ideals. She herself 
is an artist of no mean abilit,y and shares in 
his love of the work to which he has de- 
voted his life. They are adhering to prin- 
ciples which receive the indorsement of many 
of the most prominent thinking men and 
women of the age and, undoubtedly, through 
their work are shedding around them much 
of the sunshine of life. 

GEORGE D. WOOD is a native son of 
Oregon and is in every particular a worthy 
and honored representative of his state. 
From tile earliest days of his young manhood 
he has had unwavering faith in the agri- 
cultviral possibilities of this state and to the 
industry of farming, he has given all the 
years of his life, being at present the owner 
of a magnificent property, highly improved, 
located one and one-half miles east of Los- 
tine. He was born in Lane county, Oregon, 
on December 3, 1S60, and is the son of Wil- 
liam H. and Mary E. (Francis) Wood. His 
father, who is a native of Cattaraugus coun- 
ty. New York, was born on August 26, 1822. 
His mother was a native of Virginia. His 
paternal grandparents crossed the Great 
Lakes, and from Detroit, Michigan, they con- 
tinued their journey westward, finally locat- 
ing in Monroe county near what is now the 
city of Adrian. Michigan, their son. William 
H. Wood, at that time being a child of three 
years. After a residence in Jlichigan of 
twelve years his parents removed to Iowa, 
locating in the vicinity of Jlount Pleasant, 
and four years later the famil.y removed to 
the state of Missouri. Here they continued 
to live until 1S46 and in that year they emi- 
grated westward across the plains, making 
the journey with ox teams, in a train num- 
bering fiu't.v wagons. Continuing their jour- 
ney, in due time they arrived at Fort Bridger, 
Idaho. Here the long train of forty wagons 
was I'lpially divided, twenty wagons taking 
the Fort Hall route for Oregon and the re- 
maining twenty turning toward the Golden 
state of California. The parents of William 
H. Wood followed the fortunes of the train 
moving in the direction of Oregon, while he 
himself was engaged to drive a yoke of oxen 
for Samuel Jlorrow, whose team belonged to 
the California group. Continuing their jour- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



•ji: 



ney toward Calilornui they reuelieJ tluit state 
and made their lirst stopping place at Stut- 
ter's Fort. Here they found the entire coun- 
try disturbed by the issues ot war with 
Mexico and William II. Wood, forsaking the 
prosy occupation of an ox driver, becnme a 
soldier, enlisting under Fremont in the Mexi- 
can war. He followed tliis command until 
the close of the conllict, eight months later, 
and on being mustered out of service he re- 
mained on the North Day until the spring 
of 184S and then removed northwanl into 
this state. Arrived in Oregon, William H. 
Wood engaged as a laborer in Vaiiihlll coun- 
ty during the harvest season. Karly in the 
autumn of 1S4S the news spread that a re- 
cent rich discovery of gold had been made 
in California and immwliately he, in com- 
pany with several of his associates, organ- 
ized a pack train and set out for the new 
gold diggings. In this enterprise he was en- 
tirely successful and after having secured 
two "thousand dollars' worth of gold he re- 
turned to this state in June, 1849, locating 
in Marion county. IJerc he took up a do- 
nation claim of three hundred and twenty 
acres of rich bottom land upon which he 
continued to live until proving his title, im- 
mediately thereafter disposing of the prop- 
erty, lie then purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres of land near Eugene and six 
years later, having the opportunity to dis- 
pose of this property at a handsome protit, 
he .sold out and at once invested in one hun 
drcd and sixty acres in the Alsea valley. 
Here he established his liomc and continued 
to live for a period of sixteen years and then 
removed to Wallowa county and in l^isl 
took up a homestead of one hundred ami 
sixty acres four miles north of Enterprise. 
Settling upon this homestead he begjm its 
development and continued to improve it. 
maintaining his residence thereon for sixteen 
consecutive years, and then removed to Los- 
tine where he resided until the death of his 
wife. Since that time he has made his 
home with his son. (leorgc D. Wood. 

William H. Wood has been thrc times 
married, his first wife being Miss Ej'J^" J- 
ileems. His second companion in life was 
Miss Elizabeth Tatum and to this union four 
children were born, all of whom are now 
deceased. The mother of this family oUo 
passed away in 18.'.'J. I-ater he wa* united 
in marriage to Mrs. Marj- E. Francis Boat- 
man, a native of Virginia and the widow of 
George IJoatman, who came to this state in 
1SJ9, the family consi.sting of huslmnd, wife 
and two children. To Mr. ami Mrs. William 
H. Wood one child was Imrn. lleorgc D. 
Wood, the subject of this review. The father 
has always been independent in his p<ditic.s, 
voting for the men and th>- measures which 
represent to him the In'st interests of the 
people. Throughout his life he has tx-en a 
devout member of the Christian church and 
is one of the well known, reliable men of 
this county. 

Ceorge D. Wood was six years of nRc when 
his parents established their homo in Ben- 
ton county, this state, nnd here he remaineil 
under the parental rwif and received hU 



education in the public schools. At twenty- 
one years of age he tiled upon a homestead 
and also a preemption claim located one and 
one-half miles east of Lostine an>l u|ion this 
property he establishe<l his home and has 
since continued to reside. He and .Mrs. Wood 

are now the joint owners of al • 'lou- 

sand acres of rich land in t : six 

hundred and sixty acres of whi ' ites 

the home farm and another farm ui three 
humlred and tifty acres lies four miles north- 
west of Enterprise. Ccorge 1). WikxI has 
devoted his entire life to farming and stm-k- 
raising and in this business has licen singu- 
larly successful. 

y\r. Wood was united in marriage. Novem- 
ber :;4, 189-', to Mis, .Nellie .M. Kiggs, a 
daughter of S. II. Higgs. of whom a sketch 
may be found on another page of this work. 
To Mr. and .Mrs. Wo«h1 four children have 
l>een born: Macel M., now a pupil of the 
high school at Wallowa; Myni !■.: Marcia 
E.; and William II. The younger children 
are all at lionu- and pupils in the public 
schools. 

Mr. Wood belongs to the democratic party, 
but has never at any time sought |>olitical 
preferment, being occupied rather with per- 
sonal interests. He does not allow himself 
to lie dictated to by party managers but al- 
ways exercises his judgment ami lends his 
inllucnce and sup|>ort to the candidates ami 
the measures he believes to be most con- 
ducive to the advancement of public inter- 
ests. He is a member of I>ostine l.odgi-. No. 
Ijj. I. 0. O. K. Both he and .Mrs. Woo.1 
have been lifelong members of the Chris- 
tian church. George I). Wood is a highly 
respected citizen and a man of sterling 
integrity. He is a loyal friend and a 
supporter of every good and worthy 
cause brought to his attention, and 
in every relation of life — business, social ami 
fraternal — he has displayed those ipialities 
of character which have won him the reganl 
of a large circle of friends and Bc<|uaintancc«. 

ALLBEE E. WHEELER, counselor and at 
torn.y at la", iiiid widely known throughout 
the state as. for twenty-two year«. the fiwner 
of the oldest and one of the m<>«» eom|i|etr 
set of atwtracls in the -■ •■ to the 

northwest from the for U-ing n 

native of Barton. Vernn'in "H'l- lii« birth 
occurred Ki-bniary 7. Is.M',. ||is purciits were 
Silas Hiiil .Ian.- r. iGro" \\i...l.r The 
family is nii old one in t '-nn 

state' and th'- son. afl'-r irly 

education in the piil' • ■■nl»ifd the 

Lyndon Literary In-' l.vn4|on Crn- 

ter, Vermont, in 1*7 1 li^ "liil 

die west ond for live \ the 

profession of (• • ' ■ Iowb. 

.\fterwaril he ' ■ to the 

studv • '■•• ■ "'■■ 

law .! 

with t: 

w.Te spent in the prartirp of bi» rhi«wn pro 

f.sainn, nf Onnwo, Iowa. Tn I*""* h<- rarae 

I ' i\ n( that • ■ "pn 

!.,■ in two 11 lilts. 

Here li- iii.i I- :« »p«H-iaUy "i iini ihj.« on<l 



218 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



is the oldest abstracter in Oregon. He was 
one of the organizers of the Oregon Associa- 
tion of Title Alcn and has served as its presi- 
dent. A little over two years ago he sold 
his abstract books and bnsiness to the Lane 
County Abstract Company and has since de- 
veloped a satisfactory chamber practice as 
a counselor, exclusively in the matter of land 
titles and probate. 

Thirty-five years ago Mr. Wheeler was 
united in marriage to Miss Lillia J. Her- 
ring, a daughter of Benjamin F. Herring, of 
Iowa, and to them were born two daugh- 
ters: Mable, who is now the wife of Pro- 
fessor Charles W. Wester; and Flora, the 
wife of Archie W. Livermore, teller in the 
First National Bank of Eugene. Mr. Wheel- 
er is a charter member of the Congregational 
church, in which he has served many years 
as trustee and is now deacon. His fraternal 
connections have been with the Woodmen 
of the W'orld and Knights of Pythias and 
his influence and aid are always on the side 
of advancement and progress, reform and 
improvement. 

S. W. MILES is one of the extensive land- 
owners in Wallowa county, this state, and is 
also heavily interested in various business 
enterprises. He is also one of the owners of 
the town site of Evans where he maintains 
his residence and is busily engaged in the 
building up of this beautiful young city. He 
was born in Mercer county, Missouri, April 
19, ISSO, the son of Abial'and Talitha (Bo- 
gart) Miles. His father was a native of 
Kentucky and his mother of Tennessee, their 
marriage having occurred in Indiana, to 
which state their parents had previously re- 
moved. Soon after their marriage Abial 
Miles and his wife removed to Mercer county, 
Missouri, and in 1864 to Decatur county, 
Iowa. Here they continued to live for the 
next ten years after which the.v returned to 
their old home in Mercer count.v and there 
the,v both spent the remaining days of their 
lives, the father dving in 1881 and liis wife 
in 1883. 

S. W. Miles was reared in liis father's 
home and acquired his early education in the 
public schools in the district in which he 
lived. At seventeen years of age he started 
in life for liimself. being engaged f<ir sev- 
eral years in railroad work throughout the 
middle western states. In 1S7S he removed 
to Oregon, locating in Morrow county where 
he filed upon a government homestead and 
at once engaged in farming and stock-raising. 
After a' residence of four years upon this 
property he sold his ranch and became in- 
terested in merchandising, making a special- 
ty of hardware, and in this business he con- 
tinued for a period of five years. In the 
spring of 1879 he changed his residence and 
settled in the town of Rogue River, having 
purchased at this place a tract of wild land. 
'I'liis ](roperty he cleared and improved and 
planted to fruit, and after remaining for 
two years a( this ]>\nve he removed to Camas 
valley in Douglas county this slate. Here 
he engaged in the mercantile busine-is with 
his brotherin law, D. II. Hendricks, .\fter 



two years devoted to this enterprise, which 
jiroved highly successful, he sold his interest 
in this establishment and removed to Elgin, 
in Union county. Here he opened a store 
and two years later .sold out to his partner 
and removed to Lostine. Upon establishing 
Ids home in Lostine he at once engaged in an 
individual merchandising business, conduct- 
ing his store in his own name. While here 
he became the dominant factor in the estab- 
lishing and building of the grist mill of this 
city and continued his interest in this prop- 
erty until it was in successful operation, 
when he sold his stock interest in the prop- 
erty to Jlr. S. L. Magill and later disposed of 
his mercantile business to F. D. McCully & 
Company. Being now released from all busi- 
ness cares he spent the next three years in 
the Willamette valley, to which he removed 
that his children might have the educational 
benefits of the well established schools in 
that section of the state. Subsequently he 
returned to Lostine and engaged in ranching 
and general farming on his tine ranch, con- 
sisting of something over six hundred acres 
within a mile and a half of that city. In 
the fall of 1910 he removed to Portland 
where he continued to live during the au- 
tumn season and the following winter. In 
1911 he built for his own use a beautiful 
residence in Evans where he now resides. 
Mr. Miles is associated with John McDonald. 
L. Couch and J. F. Haun in the ownership 
of the town site of Evans and to the build- 
ing of this city he is now giving his undi- 
vided attention. In addition to his real- 
estate holdings in this county he also owns 
valuable business properties in Portland. 

Mr. Miles was united in marriage to Miss 
Fannie Mitcheltree of Hardman. Oregon, and 
to them four children have been born: Wat- 
son B., of Idaho; William A., at home, a stu- 
dent of the State Agricultural College; 
Frank, residing at home with his parents; 
and Eddie Lee, also at home. Their children 
have all received their early education in 
the public schools of this state. 

Mr. Miles is affiliated with the republican 
party, but has never at any time sought 
political preferment. He is a member of 
Lostine Lodge, No. 123, A. F. & A. M., also 
a member of Anthony Chapter, No. 8S, 0. 
E. S., and a member of Lostine Lodge, No. 
155, I. 0. O. F. Mrs. Miles is a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. S. W. 
Miles is one of the successful and useful 
men of his county and state. The larger 
portion of his business career has been spent 
in acquiring and developing real-estate busi- 
ness interests in this state and his name is 
a synonym for activity, integrity and pros- 
perity. He is ever to be found on the right 
side of every measure having for its pur- 
pose the industrial and educational advance- 
ment of the community in which he lives. 

GEORGE T. HALL, SR. Among the lead- 
ing and most successful business men of Eu- 
gene is (leorge T. Hall, Sr., senior member of 
the firm of Ceorgo T. Hall & Son. He was 
born in Cbateaugay township. Franklin coun- 
ty. New York, February 15, 1844, the son 



THE CENTENNIAL lUSTUKY OF nRE(.iON 



nu 



of Truman C. and Caroline A. (Cliildi Hall. 
The family was established in America in 
the colonial days and the maternal grand- 
father, Jacob Child, was a captain in the 
War of 1812. On the paternal side several 
ancestors of the Hall family served as sol- 
diers in the Revolutionary war. The pa- 
ternal grandfather, Thomas Hall, was born 
in New Hampshire but spent nearly all of 
his active life in Franklin county, Xew York, 
with the exception of a few years in Quebec, 
where Truman Hall, father of the •.uhject of 
this review, was born. Truman Mall became 
a prominent business man of (liateaugay. 
where he was engaged in the wagon manufac- 
turing business until a few years U-fore his 
death. He married Caroline, a daughter of 
.Jacob Child, who was a native of I'omfret, 
Vermont, and beoame a pioneer of Franklin 
county. New York. He was also a soldier 
in the War of 1S12 and his father fought in 
the Revolutionary war. .laeob Child started 
in a small way and built up a large lumber 
and saw mill business. He was a provost 
marshal of the frontier during the War of 
1812. 

Oporgc T. Hall, St., was educated in the 
public schools of Xew York and later at- 
tended Malone Academy, after which he 
taught school for two winters. He then 
worked as a clerk in a general mereliamlise 
store and in February, l'<6-". went into busi 
ness for himself in his native town, remain- 
ing in this connection for twenty live years. 
ToHsessing unusual tact for business man- 
agement, in the course of his business career 
in Xew York he became the owner of two 
large starch factories and had a large plan- 
ing and saw mill from wliii'li he sold lumber 
throughout all Xew England for t«'n years. 
Ijite in the '80s, becoming interenti'il in the 
wonderful business opportunities offered in 
the far west, he began making arrnngementn 
to change his base of operations to the I'n- 
citir slope. Accordingly, after disposing of 
his interests in Xew York, he removed to 
Kugenc, where he arrived May 4. 1SS9. and 
on the 16th of that month purchased his 
present grocery and crockery business, which 
is now the oldest establishment of the kind 
ill Kiigene, having been foinnled abniit 1S91. 
His son. fleorge T. Hall. .Ir.. became his part 
ner and the firm now does tln> birge^t gro 
eery business in Eugene. Mr. Mali has a large 
warehouse near the tracks of the Southern 
Pacific railroad and carries on an exten»ive 
business in wool, hops and mohair. In 1912 
he completed a store building forty by one 
hundred and sixteen feet, three storien high 
and construeterl of reinforced concn-le. In 
1004 he completed a three ntory building 
forty-three by one hundred and fourteen 
feet! on East Xinth street, east of fink street, 
having stores on the first floor, a rooming 
bouse being conducted on the seeonil floor 
and I he Eugene Commercial College occupy- 
ing the third tloor. 

Mr. Hall marrieil Miss Snrnh .\. ( rwik, who 
was born at Point Ru^h. Clinton ronnly. Xew 
York. They have become the parents of 
three children: Carrie, now Mri. C S. Erie 
land, who Ix-fore her marriage taught for «ev 



eral years in the public schools ol Kugelie; 
i;eorge T., Jr., who is a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Oregon and is now associated in 
business with his father; and Daisy Dean, 
who is decea.ied. 

In his political \iews Mr. Hall is a repub 
lican but has never taken an active part in 
politics nor sought otiice. He is a meml>er of 
the Masonic order, b<donging to Kugene 
Lodge, Xo. U. F & A. M.; Eugene Chapter, 
Xo. 10, R. A. M.; Hiram Council. No. 7. H. 
Jt S, M.; Ivanhoe Commaiulery, No. 2, K. T. ; 
and Al Kader Temple. A. A. (>, N. M. S. .Mrs. 
Hall is a niember of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The business career of George T. 
Hall. Sr., up to the present time is really h 
phenomenal one and presents a study in 
commercial matters of interest esfH-cially to 
all young business men. Reginning as he 
did as a clerk in a store, embarking in busi- 
ness with a meager capital, succ<-eding in 
building up a large trade, .saving his money 
and wisely investing it so that he early l)e- 
came the owniT of several important com- 
mercial enterprises and continuing until the 
present day, expanding and extending his 
iioUlings while increasing his u.sefulness in 
the city where he lives, marks him as a con- 
spicuous figure in the business world. .Men 
who succeed as he ha.x done are broail mind 
ed, liberal, genial and self-ilenying. While 
working his way up to atlluence he ban ac 
complisheil great good in the comiiiiiiiities 
where he has lived ami although he luis al 
ways Ih'CU an extremely busy man, he has 
given a reasonabb- amount of time anil nt 
tention to those social and fraternal mat 
ters which men of standing usually engage 
in. He is widely known throughotit the nee- 
tion of the static in which he lives and is 

universally resj ted. being hidil in high e^ 

term by all who know him. 

EDWARD F. STUART is the president of 
the liaker City Ir^n A; Supply Company of 
Raker City, Oregon. Hi.s birth occurred in 
.Salem. Ohio, on the isth of March, isfii, his 
parents iH-ing William and .Inne (SiNburyl 
Stuart. The father was lH)rn in llirming 
ham. England, in IS2S, while the inolhorV 
birth occurred nn the Isle of Wight in 1S22. 
While an Engli-.)! subject Williniii Slmirl 
<ervi'<l with (Jordon in the Crimean war. He 
emigratttl to the Inited States in Is.Vj. 
After reaching New Y^irk he nmile his w«y 
direct to Ohio and •ub.e<|uently •ettled In 
Fairfax, Virginia, where, nt his extreme age 
in life, he is ntill in active l.ii«in««« ••(lerat- 
ing a sawmill, a general >' 
ami alio a )^islmill. anil 

conducts a general fnrTi -« ii<- 

wife is also living an.l «■ nnlwilh 

standing her weight of ... ; iiree chil 

dre/t hove been liorn iin'o Iheni: Henry 
.lames, of Nampn. Idaho; William Thomas, 
of Washington, D C. ; and Edward V.. of 
this review. 

The Inst named obtained bis early educn 
tion in the common •«'ho<i|» of Ohio, and af 
terward nflrnde.! » preparatory «elecl sehnol. 
In Mnv, IsTO. he left home and has •inrr 
lieen i|e|>eni!ent iip<in his own reoources. From 



220 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



his infancy he grew familiar witli steam ma- 
chinery and was always interested in that 
class of worlj. After he started out in the 
world on his own account he was employed 
as a stationary engineer and railroad fire- 
man until the spring of 1880, after which 
he secured a position as cowboy near Lara- 
mie, Wyoming. He followed that occupation 
until the spring of 188G, when he went to 
Minnesota, where he again became a sta- 
tionary engineer. At Sandstone, Minnesota, 
in July, 1SS7, he was made chief engineer 
for the Ring & Tobin Stone Company. He 
not only thus occupied a responsible business 
position but while acting in that capacity 
was also chosen the first village recorder 
of Sandstone as well as town clerk of Pine 
township, in which position he remained for 
two years. He left Sandstone for Laramie. 
Wyoming, in October, 1889, and after being 
employed there for a time as locomotive 
fireman he was promoted to engineer in 
March, 1890, serving the Union Pacific sys- 
tem as such in the motive power and right- 
of way departments until July, 1894, when 
he took the position of chief engineer with 
the Trade Dollar Mining Company. He left 
their service in July, 1895, however, on ac- 
count of his wife's health and, hoping that 
a change of climate would prove beneficial, 
they spent the summer in Portland, Oregon. 
In October, 1895, Mr. Stuart accepted the 
position of superintendent of machinery for 
the Minnesota Sandstone Company, remain- 
ing in that position until April, 1897, at 
which time he went to Palestine, Texas, 
and became steam shovel engineer with the 
International & Great Northern railroad. In 
October, 1897, he returned to the Trade Dol- 
lar Company in Silver City, Idaho, as chief 
engineer, and after acting in that capacit}' 
for five years, or until October, 1902, be- 
came a partner and secretary of the Nampa 
Foundry & Machine Works. Subsequently 
he was made manager and ultimately presi- 
dent, continuing at the head of tii^ enter- 
prise until their plant was destroyed by fire 
on the 27th of October, 1906. Closing up the 
affairs of the company he accepted the posi- 
tion of secretary and superintendent of the 
Baker City Iron & Supply Company, since 
which time he has served successively as 
secretary, superintendent, manager, presi- 
dent and at present as lessee and part owner 
of the same company. While in Minnesota 
and also in Idaho he held the position of 
assistant state boiler inspector in addition 
to the business positions which he was then 
filling. His different responsible connections 
indicate his ability as an engineer. Step by 
step he has worked his way upward, wisely 
using his time, talents and opportunities, and 
has gained success by reason of his inde- 
fatigable energy, his mechanical skill and in- 
genuity and his thorough reliability. 

On the 19th of December, 1SS5. JTr. Stu- 
art was married to Miss Ella M. Bishop, who 
was born at Linesville, Pennsylvania, on the 
8th of Jan\iary, 1866, her parents being 
Rnfus and Julia A. (Garwood) Bishop. The 
father's birth occurred on the 8th of Febru- 
ary, 1824, while the mother's natal day was 



November 12, 18.32. Rufus Bishop, an agri- 
culturist by occupation, passed away in June, 
1898. His wife was called to her final rest 
in February, 1896. To Mr. and Mrs. Stuart 
has been born one daughter, Julia Merle, 
whose birth occurred on the 11th of Septem- 
ber. 1899. and who is now attending school. 
Politically Mr. Stuart is connected with 
the republican party. His fraternal rela- 
tions are with the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks, the Masonic blue lodge and the 
Order of the Eastern Star. He is one of the 
active and reliable business men of Baker 
City and work done at his place of business 
is a guarantee for perfection in detail and 
high grade in quality. He is always deeply 
interested and active in all matters relating 
to the improvement and advancement of the 
city. 

OSCAR F. THOMSON. Upon the roll of 
Umatilla county's lionored dead appears the 
name of Oscar F. Thomson, who at the time 
of his demise was one of the most substan- 
tial agriculturists and largest landowners oi 
Echo. Although he was born in Howard 
county, Missouri, almost his entire active ca- 
reer was spent in the west, coming here in 
1864. His birth occurred on Xovember 25, 
1830, a son of Asa Q. and Margaret M. (Wal- 
lace) Thomson. The Thomsons were of 
Scotch descent, and Mr. and Mrs. Asa Q. 
Thomson were both born in Kentucky, where 
they were also reared and married. Soon 
after their marriage, however, they removed 
to Howard county, Missouri, where they 
spent the remainder of their lives. They en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits and were 
among the active and successful farmers of 
their community. To their union twelve 
children were born, of whom Oscar F. was 
the sixth in order of birth. 

Oscar F. Thomson spent his boyhood and 
youth under the parental roof, receiving his 
education in the district schools and assist- 
ing in the work of the home farm. In 1849 
he heard many tales of the gold finds in Cal- 
ifornia. His spirit of adventure was so 
aroused that he set out for California the 
following year, crossing the plains with ox 
teams. He first engaged in mining in the 
Sierra Nevadas, but after he heard that the 
Sacramento valley ofl'ered great inducements 
in agricultural lines he took up farming there. 
He also engaged in stock-raising, w'hich 
proved very successful, and he remained there 
until 18.')S, when the cry of gold on the Era- 
ser again aroused his adventurous spirit. 
Accordingly, he disposed of his property in- 
terests in California and went to the newer 
fields. Instead of engaging in mining, how- 
ever, he brought supplies from the Lower to 
the Upper Eraser river region and found that 
occupation was quite as lucrative as mining 
would have been. He also engaged in the 
meat market business and later went to the 
Cariboo mines. During his five years' resi- 
dence in these places he engaged in mining 
Irom time to time but his chief interests were 
along commercial lines. At a later period he 
also went to Idaho at the height of the gold 
excitement in that territory before crossing 




Ml;. AN1> \IK-. I 1^1 \|; I I ||ii\l-i,\ 



THE NEW 



MTOJI, L,^o>^ 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



223 



into Oregon. Ue left The Dalles in Murcli, 
1864. He returned shortly afterward and 
set out from Umatilla to' the Oregon and 
Idaho mines in the Owyhee and other regions. 
In 1864-65 he operated two trains of sixty- 
four packs. The ne.\t year he sold his trains, 
desiring to give up the transportation busi- 
ness, and early in 1866 he entered into a 
partnership with IJ. X. Stanfield and opened 
a livery and dray business in I'matilln. He 
was thus engaged until the spring of 1868, 
when lie was elected sherilT of this county. 
For four years he occupied that ortiee but 
at the expiration of his second term in 18T2 
located upon the ranch about twelve miles 
southwest of Echo where he resided until his 
death, which occurred .June 4, I'JO'J. For 
over thirty-live years he followed agricul- 
tural ptirsuits and stock-raising in that lo- 
cality and his property was one of the most 
successfully irrigated and highly cultivated 
tracts in Kcho. At one time he owned six 
hundred and eighty acres in Umatilla 
county and nine humiied and sixty acres ad- 
joining in Morrow county. The appearance 
of this land proved that Sir. Thomson wa.s a 
stanch follower of modern agricultural meth- 
ods and that in him progress found an advo- 
cate. The remarkable success which he 
achieved was due wholly to his own energetic 
labor and the constant application which he 
gave to his work. Shortly before his death 
he sold a one-half section of his Morrow- 
county property, but at present three hun- 
dred acres of the farm are planted to alfalfa. 
and over four hundred acres are under irri- 
gation. The crop of alfalfa annually raised 
is about twelve hundred tons. The sto<-k 
now consists of forty head of good work 
horses. The sixteen acres which he formerly 
devoted to fniit is not being cultivated at 
present. In 1902 Mr. Thomson erected ii sub- 
stantial home, which is e(|uipped with all 
the modern conveniences which provide for a 
life of comfort and ease. 

Mr. Thomson was married on the 3l8t of 
May, 1867. to Miss .Susan .AIniira .\twood. a 
daughter of Colonel Huel and T.ncy (Tyler) 
Atwood. The father's birth occurred in Ver- 
mont, on the 4th of .Inly. 1812. Me resided 
In his native state until he was abiiut forty 
years of age. when he removed to Illinois 
After remaining there fur three yenr-i he 
went to Iowa and for seven years was a resi- 
dent of Lucas county. In ISfiS he crossed 
the plains to Oregon and located on Hutter 
creek on p farm just below that on which 
the Thomsons were residing. At that time 
there were only three or four famili<'< liv- 
ing on Butter creek. Mis death occurred .Jan- 
uary 2, 1879. Politically he was a republi- 
can and in religious faith was a memlxT of 
the Methodist church. His marriage to Mi«» 
Lucy Tyler occurred December 12. I"il9. .She 
was' born .Tune 9. 1833. at tlouverneur. St. 
Tjiwrencc county. New York, ami died .Tune 
27. 1906. To fiieir union two cbildr.-n were 
born: Phoelie X.. the elder, wn.t l>orn Novem- 
ber I. IS.'.O. in St. Ijiwrence county. N'ew 
York, and was married .lanuary 31, 186.'. to 
Robert X. Stantield. Her death occurred on 
the ?.i\ of November. 1871. Mr«. Tlmmwn 
Vol. n— 1 



the younger, was born in St. Ijiwrcnee coun- 
ty, August 13, 1S02, and resided with her 
parents until she was married after remov- 
ing to Oregon. To Mr. and Mrs. Thomson 
ten children were born, two ilying in in- 
fancy: Asa Buel; Lucy .Margaret' who is the 
wile of E. r. Jarmon, of Hutter creek: I'hoebe 
Ann, who became the wife of Charles Uar- 
tliolomew; Henry Shirley, who was born Oc- 
tober 29, 1S76. anil engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until his death on the 25th of Oc- 
totwr. 1903; .lames Kit/alen, at home, who 
manugol the home farm for about seven 
years; Wallace Atwood. whose birth (Hvurred 
October 12. 1884, and who engaged in farm- 
ing independently until his death on the 21st 
of .Tanuary. 1910; Ora .-Vmarillas, the wife of 
R. \V. Allen, of Hermiston. who is manager 
of the United States Experiment station at 
that place; and David Sloan, who is at pres- 
ent operating the home place. 

Mr. Thomson was a member of Umatilla 
I.odi;e. Vo. 40. .\. V. A- .\. M.. having joineil 
the lodge in 1S67 and thus being one of the 
first Masons in the lodge. Politirally hi- was 
a demiH-rat. Mr. Thomson was honored 
wherever he was kiu)wn because of his nuiny 
sterling traits of character and his fidelity to 
the iH'st interests of citizenship. He stood 
for progress along all lines an<l there was in 
his life history not a single esoteric phase. 
Throughout his residence in Umatilla cotin- 
ty he e\emplilie<l in his life those sterling 
traits ol charactiT which in every lanil and 
clime awaken conlidi-nce anil regard. 

GEORGE FISHER. In the business cirrles 
of Eugene Oeorge Fisher is well known as 
the senior partner of the firm of Fisher 4 
Walker, engaged in the real-estate anci loan 
business, making a specialty of handling 
farm lands. sto<-k ranches ami fruit lands. 
Moreover, he is entitled to mention in the 
history of the state as one of its pioneer 
settlers. He has witnessed its growth for 
more than a half century, his birth having 
occurred .-Vpril 22, 1856, in the city which is 
still his place of residence. His parents were 
Dr. Wilson H. ami Retwcca Fi«hi-r. The 
latter at the time of her marriage to Mr. 
Fisher was Mrs. Smith, a widow, ami her 
maiden name was Evarls. The fother was 
Ixirn in Fort Wayne. Indiana, there spent his 
youthful days and prepared to ent<'r the 
medical profession, afti-r which he engaged 
in practice. He, too. was twice married anil 
by his first union had a son .Ianie«, who was 
killed in the battle of .\rkansas I'ixt during 
the rivil war. Ft was in the year Il.'.2 that 
Dr. Wilson H. Fishir nindi- th.' Ii>n8 jiMirney 
across the plains and ■■sliil>li«l»-d his home 
at Cobiirg. Oregon. wh'Ti- be was married a 
si-cond tinii'. He thi'U bs-nted near Pleasant 
Hill, wlii-re he .i. •..'. I in the praetiee of 
medicine until 1 ■ H'''l. Hr was a 

memb«-r of the \' ilernitr and in his 

life exemplified iiiuiiy of 11* benrflcent 
teachings. 

Follonine the death of her husband Mrs. 
Fisher removed to Engene, so that fJeorge 
Fisher was reared in this rity, its public 
srhnnis affording him hi* educational priv- 



224 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ileges. After reaching adult age he turned 
his attention to the live-stock and butcher- 
ing business, in which he continued for a 
quarter of a century. He was the owner of 
a retail market for sixteen years or until 
1900, when he went to Blue river and there 
engaged in mining activities for nine years. 
Since then he has been engaged in the real- 
e.state business in Eugene and about a year 
ago formed his present partnership, becom- 
ing senior member of the firm of Fisher & 
^Valker. Thej' make a specialty of handling 
farms, stock ranches and fruit lands, and 
they have secured a large clientage, owing 
to their comprehensive knowledge of the 
property on the market, their ability as val- 
uators and their enterprising methods in in- 
troducing their holdings to the purchasing 
public. Mr. Fisher is accounted one of the 
most capable and resourceful business men 
of the community and is meeting with ex- 
cellent success in his undertakings. 

In 1S91 occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Fisher and Miss Indora Masterson, a daugh- 
ter of R. M. Masterson. of England. They 
are well known here and the hospitality of 
the most attractive homes of the city is 
freely accorded them. Jlr. Fisher is particu- 
larlj' well known in fraternal relations, be 
longing to Spencer Butte Lodge, No. 9, and 
Wimawhala Encampment. No. 6, I. 0. 0. F. ; 
Helmet Lodge, No. 3.3. K. P.; and Eugene 
Lodge, No. 357. B. P. 0. E. He also votes 
with the republican party for his study of 
the political issues of the day has led him to 
the belief that its platform contains the best 
elements of good government. For eight 
years he .served as a member of the city 
council, in which connection he did eft'ective 
work in support of Eugene's most progress- 
ive measures and improvements. He is a 
public-spirited citizen and ever places pa- 
triotism before partisanship and the public 
good before personal aggrandizement. In 
business he realizes that there is i:o excel- 
lence without labor and by energy and per- 
sistency has olitained a measure of success 
which lias warranted his labors. 

A. I. MOLSTROM is the owner of valuable 
farm projicrty i'OMi|)rising three hundred and 
twenty acres of land between Pendleton and 
Helix, and in addition he cultivates four 
hundred and eighty acres of laud which he 
rents, indicating (hat his farming interests 
ar<' extensive and of an important character. 
lie was born in Calumet. Michigan. March 31, 
1876. his parents being Henr.y and Margaret 
(Tengman) Molstrom, both natives of Fin- 
land. They were married, however, in Nor- 
way and soon afterward crossed the Atlantic 
to the United States, settling first in Michi- 
gan where the father was employed in the 
mines. In 1S77 he came west to Washing- 
ton, locating in Klickitat county, where he 
engaged in farming, taking u]) his abode on 
railroad land. About ISSfi. however, he sold 
his rights. to that property and removed to 
Umatilla county where he purchased land, 
becoming closely associated with farming 
interests in this part of the state. He was 
very Indnsfriou.; and determined, and his uu- 



llagging perseverance and diligence brought 
him success as the years passed by. As his 
financial resources increased he added to his 
holdings until at the time of his demise he 
was the owner of eight hundred acres of 
land a short distance north of Pendleton. 
He passed away in June, 1908, and is sur- 
vived by his widow who resides on the old 
home farm. 

The educational opportunities of Mr. ilol- 
stroni were limited, for, from his eleventh 
year he has made his own way in the world. 
He began working at farm labor, handling 
a team and jierforming all the duties inci- 
dent to the cultivation and improvement of 
the fields. It was liis ambition to engage 
in farming on his own account, and when 
twenty .years of age he located on rented 
land. That he has made continuous progress 
to the present time is indicated in the fact 
that he owns three hundred and twenty 
acres situated between Pendleton and Helix. 

In 1901 Mr. Molstrom was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elsie Bowman, a daughter of 
William Bowman, a prominent farmer of 
Umatilla county. To Mr. and Mrs. Molstrom 
were born two children. Daphne and Frank. 
-Mr. Molstrom is a republican in politics but 
does not seek nor desire office. He holds 
membership in the Eureka Lodge, No. 33, 
I. 0. 0. F.. in Pendleton Camp, No. 41. W. 
0. W., and is also connected with the Knights 
of Maccabees. He is a motor car enthusiast, 
drives an automobile of high power, this 
constituting his principle source of enjoyment 
and recreation. He is thoroughly imbued 
with a progressive spirit and belongs to a 
class of men who are bringing aljoiit a rapid 
transformation in the northwest, contribut- 
ing by his labors materially to the ])rosperity 
of this newly developed section. 

GEORGE H. SMITH. The northwest has 
developed with astounding rapidity and yet 
there has been an almost total lack in many 
of her cities of the inflation of prices which 
in common parlance constitutes "a boom." 
The growth has been steady and substantial 
and thus has been budded the great empire 
of the northwest, with its ramifying trade 
interests reaching out in all directions. Each 
city has its class of progressive, enterprising 
residents who see and improve the oppor- 
tunities that surround them and thus pro- 
mote public progress as well as individual 
success. To this class belongs George H. 
Smith, who is engaged in the wholesale fruit 
and produce business at Eugene and is also 
manager of the Eugene Theater. He is a 
\\estern man by birth, training and prefer- 
ence. He was born in San Jose. California, 
December 20. 1870. and is a son of George 
W. and Margaret (Dilliner) Smith. In Cali- 
fornia the father was engaged in mining ac- 
tivities and in 1SS."> came to tiregon. settling 
in I'vlaniatli county, where he engaged in 
general merchandising and in stock-raising, 
and at one time had the largest alfalfa ranch 
in his county. In addition he also owned ex- 
tensive property interests in Arizona. He 
served for one term as county iudge. to 
which iiositioii he was elected on the demo- 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



225 



cratic ticket, and at all times lie was num- 
bered with the progressive citizens of his 
community. Ills fraternal relations were 
with the Masons and the Odd I-'ellows. 

(jeorge II. Smitli ac<|uired his preliminary 
education in the public schools and supple- 
mented his course by study in the Lnivcrsity 
of Oregon. He then went upon the road as 
a travelin"; salesman, carryiiig a line of 
furnishing goods. He represented a Port- 
land house for two years and then withdrew 
from that lield of labor to engage in busi- 
ness with his father. They were the owners 
of live stores in (alilornia and Oregon and 
the family name became a familiar one in 
commercial circles along the I'acihc coast. 
About 1894. however, (Jeorge H. Smith dis- 
posed of his interest in the busines.s and 
again went upon the road, traveling through 
the succeeding live years. In is<)!i he was 
married and took up his abode in Kugene. 
where he engaged in the wholesale and re- 
tail confectionery business in connection 
with the conduct of a restaurant. Kor nearly 
six years lie devoted his energies to that 
line and then established his present busi- 
ness, which was the tirst of the kind in 
Eugene. He now controls a large trade as a 
wholesale dealer in fruit and protluce, the 
business having grown in most gratifying 
manner. Moreover, .Mr. Smith has i>een 
manager of the Kugene Theater for six 
years, making it his [lurpose to give to tln' 
city a high class of attractions, and upon its 
stage has appeared some of the best his 
trionic talent seen on the Pacific coast. 

In 1899 Mr. Smith was united in marriage 
to Miss May llutT, a daughter of I. W. Hutf, 
of Eugene, who was born in Kentucky, wlu're 
he was reared to manliooil and pursueil a 
public-school educati<ui. When eighteen 
years of age he began clerking in a ilrug 
store in .Missouri and in 18.")S he came across 
the plains to the northwest, spending the 
first two years after his arrival in this sec- 
tion of the country in Salem. lie then came 
to Kugene, where he engaged in the dry- 
goods business with .loseph Teal, but later 
filled the office of deputy sherilT f'>r two 
years. Following the expiration of that pe- 
riod he was engaged in the butcher business 
and he was not only well known in traile 
circles but also as a representative of the 
Masonic fraternity. He married Klennor 
Blair, who in 184"" came to Oregon with her 
parents, who settled at Plea.sant Hill. Her 
father was Prior F. T'.lair. a native of Ken 
tucky. who in that state married Mrs. 
Eleanor Gouldev. nee JIulligan, a sister of 
Charnel Mulligan. In 1847 Mr. Blair re 
moved westward with his family to I>"e 
county, Iowa, and thence came across the 
plains in the same .vear with ox teams, 
spending seven months in making tlie ard- 
uous j<nirney along the loiiir stretches of hot 
sand and across the mountains. They were 
among the first settlers to thus journey to 
ward the west. Mr. Blair took up ii dona- 
tion land claim, which now adjoins Kugeni- 
on the west, and became a promin>'nt factor 
in the early development of this part of th<- 
state, lie "was a Mason and both he and lii'« 



wife were members of the Christian church 
of Eugene, They had a family of four chil- 
dren: Sarah, the widow of Alvin Hill, of San 
Francisco; Mrs. Charles (.'. Crouer, also a 
widow; Eleanor; and Annie, the wife of 
■lames McClaren, of Kugene. The third 
daughter, Eleanor, as previously stated, was 
the wife of J, \V. Hull' and the mother of 
-Mrs. Smith. Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith are 
jirominent socially in Eugene and the hos- 
pitality of the best homes of the city is 
freely accorded tlu'ni. 

Fraternally Mr. Smith is connected with 
Kugene Lodge, Xo. Ij. A. O. l". W.; Kugene 
(amp. Xo. 115, W. O. W.; and Kugene 
Lodge, Xo. 357, B. P. O. E. Starting out in 
life without any vaulting ambition to ac- 
complish something especially great or 
famous, he has followed the lead of his op- 
portunities, doing as best he could anything 
that came to hand and seizing legitinnite 
advantages as they have arisen. Me has 
never hesitated to take a forward step when 
the way was open and has shown something 
III the spirit of the pioneer in instituting and 
rondiicting a business hitherto unknown in 
this region. His sound judgmi'nt has been 
demonstrated in the success which has at- 
ten<le<l his elforts. making him today one of 
the leading and prosperous merchants of his 
rity. 

SAMUEL H. BIGGS, who has been anagri 
rullurist of Wallowa co\inty for nearly thirty 
veiirs, was born in Holmes I'ounty. Ohio, 
Si |itcmlicr 1, 18.'!8. a son of Sariuiel and 
-Margaret (Stephenson i Big^s, both of whom 
were born in Pennsylvania. The parents 
were reared in their native state and resided 
there for several years after their marriage. 
.\bout 1825 they removed to Ohio, then a 
frontier country, and located in the virgin 
forest in Holmes county, nniking the journey 
in the winter on a sled, .\ller their iirriviil 
there they piMihiised a raliin fnmi a sipiat- 
ter, paying him about three or four hiin 
ilred dollars. Subse<|Ueiitly the father l>ought 
government land. In I8.'i;'. the family re- 
moved to Allamakee county. Iowa, where the 
father purchased an extensive tract of land 
and also engage<l in the sawmill business in 
Vfdney. .Just prior to the outbreak of the 
I'ivil war he began the erertion of n grist 

mill, hill tl nulling lull in Imsiness activi 

ties and the scarcity of hilMir rallied him to 
abandon the proposition. In ISSI he sold 
his Iowa holdings and went to visit n son 
in Texas, in whirh state his death occurred 
two or tliree months after his arrival. 

Samuel II. Bigys was reared at home,' He- 
i|uiring his education in the common school*. 
.\l the age of twenty two year" lie left home 
.ind t'Mik charge of a sawmill, which he oper- 
ated for Mr. S. .1. N'ewioinb. who later he- 
came his father in law. He rnntinued to 
conduct the mill until Febmary. ISfll, when 
he enlisliil for ^ervicv in the f'ivil war, join- 
ing Company T>. Fifth Ion a Cavalry. V'ery 
soon afterward he wo« made n part of .Sher- 
man's army, .\fter the hattle nt Chatta- 
nooga their hor«i'« were capturnl and Bfter 
the fight at .Atlanta they returned by train 



226 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



to Louisville, where they were remounted. 
Mr. Biggs served in the more important bat- 
tles during his enlistment and was mustered 
out of the service August 15, 1865. He im- 
mediately returned home and in the spring 
of the following year was married. Subse- 
quently he rented a farm in Iowa, which 
was his home until 1869, when he removed 
to Nebraska, where he took up a homestead 
and resided until 1883. In that year he 
came to Oregon, arriving here in June and 
settling in the Wallowa valley. He pur- 
chased a farm of one hundred and sixty acres 
near Lostine. upon which he resided until 
January, 1911, when he retired from active 
life and erected a house in Evans, where he 
is now residing. His connection with the 
agricultural interests of this county has been 
of long standing and the results which he 
obtained are ample proof of his ability as a 
farmer. By hard labor and constant appli- 
cation he succeeded in turning uncultivated 
land into highly productive property, which 
brought Iiim the substantial rewards which 
have enabled him to enjoy the comforts and 
luxuries of life in his later years. 

In 1866 Mr. Biggs was united in marriage 
to Miss Harriett 0. Newcomb and to their 
union five children have been born: George 
M., who is residing at Portland; Minnie A., 
who is the widow of John Seibert, of Ash- 
land, Oregon; Nellie M.. who became the 
wife of George D. Woods, of Evans, Oregon; 
Effie B., the wife of Mark Courtney, a ranch- 
man, who is residing near Lostine; and El- 
mer M., of Grants Pass, Oregon. 

In exercising his right of franchise Mr. 
Biggs invariably supports the men and meas- 
ures of the republican party, his first vote 
having been cast for Abraham Lincoln. He 
served as justice of the jieaee for two or 
three years while residing in Nebraska. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian church and 
takes an active interest in its advancement. 
He holds membership in Lostine Lodge, No. 
123, A. F. & A. M., and he and his wife are 
members 'of Anthony Chapter, No. 88, 0. E. 
S. His residence in Wallowa county covers 
a jicriod of almost thirty years and he en- 
joys the high regard aiid esteem of those 
with whom he has come in contact. He be- 
longs to that public-spirited, inspiring and 
helpful class of men whose ambitions and 
desires are centered in those movements 
wdiich tend toward the greatest and most 
permanent good to the greatest number. 

HON. ISAAC H. BINGHAM, as member of 
the state legislature and senate, has left the 
impi-ess of his individuality upon many of 
(he most vital and significant laws now in 
force in Oregon. In this connection he has 
looked to the conservation of the resources 
of the sta'te and while recognizing the ex- 
igencies of the moment with keen insight, 
has also seen beyond into the possibilities! 
opportunities, needs and demands of the fu- 
ture. He was born in Oakland county, Mich- 
igan, .'September 14. 1857, and there' resided 
until he reached the age of twenty years. 
pursuing his education in the public' schools. 
He tlicii removed westward to Colorado. 



where he spent a year in the mines, and 
then went to Idaho, where he also engaged in 
mining until 1883, in which year he took up 
his abode in southeastern Washington. There 
he engaged in farming and stock-raising and 
later removed to Spokane, where he lived for 
three or four years. On the expiration of 
that period he became a resident of Portland, 
Oregon, where he continued for about four 
years, during which time he was engaged in 
mining operations and in the manufacture 
of lumber. In 1891 he built the first saw- 
mill in Cottage Grove, his partner in this en- 
terprise being J. C, Long, with whom he op- 
erated under the firm style of Long & Bing- 
ham. They owned sixty acres of the town 
site whereon the mill and the depot of the 
Oregon & Southeastern Railroad are now lo- 
cated. They had miich to do with starting 
and promoting the growth of Cottage Grove, 
their labors bearing fruit in all of the years 
which have since pas.sed. During that time, 
or in 1904, Mr. Bingham was elected to rep- 
resent his district in the state legislature. 
The following year he removed to Eugene, 
and in 1906 was elected to the senate. Dur- 
ing his incumbency the indeterminate sen- 
tence law and the parole law were passed, 
also the extension of the Bancroft Bonding 
act was passed, its amendment being intro- 
duced by Mr. Bingham. Another important 
work of the general assembly during Mr. 
Bingham's connection therewith was the pas- 
sage of the amendment to the Eddy revenue 
law, excluding all non-producing mines from 
the collection of revenue. Yet another im- 
portant work accomplished was the pas- 
sage of the first forest-fire law. The second 
judgeship for Mr. Bingham's judicial district 
was also established at that session. In the 
senate Mr. Bingham was chairman of the 
assessment and taxation committees in 1907 
and in 1909 and in the former year was a 
member of the railway commission. In that 
year the present state banking law was 
passed and also a new forest-fire law. The 
most important law with which Mr. Bing- 
ham had to do during that session was the 
present title guarantee deposit law which at 
that peiiod found its way to the statute 
books of the state. One of Mr. Bingham's 
greatest accomplishments was the defeat of 
the Beat bill introduced in the house by Rep- 
resentative Beal of Tillamook county in 1907 
and again in 1909. This bill had for its pur- 
pose the forcing of all timber owners to fur-, 
nish to the county assessors a sworn state- 
ment by themselves as well as the estimator 
regarding the contents of their timber land, 
wliicli would have resulted in a great hard- 
ship to the small timber owners and would 
liave been of no benefit to the county assess- 
ors. The defeat of this measure was due al- 
most entirely to Mr. Bingham's eflforta. In 
1899 the forest-fire law was reduced to its 
present form and a bill granting the appro- 
priation for the fire association was passed 
I hrough the senate by Mr. Bingham, but was 
defeated in the house. He looked at all im- 
)iiirta!it (juestions from the standpoint of a 
practical, progressive business man, with 
whom patriotism precedes partisanship and 




I. II. r.lM.IIAM 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



229 



public good stands before personal aggran- 
dizement. 

At the present time Isaac H. Bingham is 
the president of the Bingham Land Company, 
which operates in timber lands and farm 
property, their business cxtomling all over 
the Pacific coast. Mr. Bingham was also the 
promoter of the Pacific Great Western Rail- 
way Company, assisted by R. B. Ihint. as en- 
gineer, and the road was surveyed from Map- 
leton to Eugene, Mr. Bingham being the pres- 
ident of the company. The road is now un- 
der construction from Eugene to Marshfield 
and to Coos. Mr. Bingham's labors as a 
business man and public official have at all 
times been of a character that has contrib- 
uted to public progress, and he therefore 
ranks with the representative and honored 
men of the state. 

In 1881 occurred the marriage of Mr. Bing- 
ham and Miss Margaret A. O'Daniels. a na- 
tive of Missouri. Her mother removed west- 
ward after her husband's death, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Bingham were married in Idaho. Their 
children are: Maude Frances, the wife of 
David Griggs, of Cottage Grove; Benjamin 
S., who is associated with his father in busi- 
ness; and Grace. Mr. Bingham belongs to 
Eugene Jjndge. Xo. 11, F. & .\. M.: Eugene 
Chapter, No. 11, R. A. M., Hiram Council, R. 
& S. M.; Ivanhoe Commanderj-. Xo. 2, K. T.; 
Oregon Consistory; and the Mystic Shrine 
of Portland. He is also a member of Eu- 
gene Lodge, No. 357, B, P. 0. E. Mrs. Bing- 
ham is a member of tlie Episcopal church and 
the family are prominent socially, not only 
in Eugene, but throughout the state wher- 
ever they are known. From early manhood 
Mr. Bingham has been identified with the 
west and has ever been actuated by the spirit 
of progress and advancement which has char- 
acterized this section of the country. What 
he undertakes he accomplishes, having the 
spirit of perseverance which falters not be- 
fore obstacles or difficulties. His sound judg- 
ment and energy in business have brought 
him success while his labors along official 
lines have been of the utmost value to the 
state. 

S. P. CROW, educator, agriculturist, mer- 
chant and mayor of Lostine, who is a mem- 
ber of the firm of M. Crow & Company, gen- 
eral merchants, was born in Noble county, 
Ohio, March 18, ISf.fi, his parents being Wil- 
liam U. and Susan M. (Conley) Crow. S. P. 
Crow was reared at home, acfpiiring his edu- 
cation in the common schools. When he had 
attained his majority he removed to Ore- 
gon, arriving here in"tS'<7. He immediately 
located on Ixist prairie, Wallowa county, 
where he preempted one himdred and sixty 
acres of land and engaged in the cattle busi- 
ness. Soon after his arrival here he secured 
a school on Prairie creek and also engaged 
in teaching. He was identified with the 
schools of Wallowa county for fifteen yenr«, 
having disposed of his preemption claim 
after "two years. }\r and his brother. Charles 
E. Crow, purchased a ram-h near .Joseph, to 
which they have sin<e adde<l, and they now 
own about one thousand acres, which they 



rent to tenants. About 191)0 S. P. Crow was 
elected county superintendent of schools of 
Wallowa county and served throughout one 
term. In 1906, in partnership with his 
brothers S. M., Charles E. and .Michael, he 
establishe<l the mercantile firm which is 
known as M. Crow & Company. This is the 
leadinfr mercantile house of Lostine and en- 
joys the patronage of the surrounding coun- 
try. The stock is such as commi'uds itself 
to prospective buyers and the unfiiiling 
courtesy of the managers and the soun<l 
business principles upon which the store is 
conducted have been leading factors in its 
success. 

On the 2Sth of April, 1896, Mr. Crow was 
married to Miss Grace Fitzpatrick, a daugh- 
ter of Charles Fitzpatrick, of whom mention 
is made elsewhere in this work. To their 
union four children have been born, .lames 
<;»le, Thelma Marie. William Wayne and 
Mina Margaret. Mr. Crow casts his vote 
with the democracy and is very liberal in his 
political views. He is at present serving 
his third term as mayor of Lostine. lie 
holds membership in Ix)stine I>o<lge, No. l,'>.-i, 
I. 0. 0. F., and the Knights of Pythias. 
Mr. and Mrs. Crow hold membership in the 
Presbyterian church, of whieh he is a trustee, 
and in the Hebekah lodge. .Mr. (row is a 
man of unquestioned integrity and reliability 
in business affairs and well merits the suc- 
cess whieh he now enjoys and which en- 
titles him to recognition amimg the pros- 
perous and enterprising representatives of 
mercantile interests in I»stine. 

FREDERIC GEORGE YOUNG, A. B. 
Among the men who have won for the Stale 
I'niversity its high riiiik among the ediiea 

tional institutions along the I'aeini imt. 

and indeed of the entire west, is Professor 
Frederic George Young. A native of Ilur- 
nctt. Wisconsin, he was born .June ,1, ISjS, 
a son of Qiiirin and .'Sophia (Hermann) 
Young. The father was a native of Sa\onv. 
<!ermany, and was a weaver by trade, lie 
came to .\meriea as a Iwiy, a pari of that 
great wave of emigration that left Germany 
in 1846. and, settling in Wiseonsiii. he be- 
came a farmer. Professor Young wan reureil 
on the homesteail farm in his native state 
and enjoyed lilH'ral educational advantages, 
his public-school eourse l>eiMg snpplenienteil 
by study in the state normal sehcHil at <>«h 
kofih, Wisconsin, from which he »bp« grad 
uated in the class of 1879, He aflerunri! ni 
gnged in teaching for five years as |iriiii'i|»il 
of the schools of ManitowfM^ and Klkhorii. 
and then went to the .Johns Hopkins I'niver- 
sity at llallimore, Maryland, for poat grad 
liate work. He spent three years in that in 
stitution and l>eing one of the three highest 
in his class, was made n univernity scholar. 
On resuming the profi'snion of teaching, he 
became vice pnsiileiit of the state normal 
school at Madison, ^outh Dakota, ami for 
nvp years, tiefiniiing in Kehniary. ISOfl. wa« 
principal of the Portland (Oregon) hijfli 
school HuhsefjUent to whieh time he spent 
one year as president of Albany rolleife. and 
in I10.J he came to the I'niversity of Oregon 



230 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



as professor of economics and history and is 
now at the head of the department of econ- 
omics and sciology. both of which depart- 
ments have been developed through the ef- 
forts of Professor Young, and his is now the 
largest department of the university. 

The trend of his thought and interests is 
indicated in the fact that he is a member of 
the American Historical Association; the 
American Academy of Political and Social 
Science; the American Economic Associa- 
tion; and the American Sociological Associa- 
tion. He is also secretary of the Oregon 
Historical Society and secretary of the Ore- 
gon conservation commission. He is like- 
wise editor of the Quarterly, issued by the 
Oregon Historical Society. He has done con- 
siderable work for the Carnegie Institute 
and he issued the financial history of the 
state, while at the present writing, he is 
working on the railroad history of the state. 
He served as a member of the State Consti- 
tutional Convention of South Dakota and 
the Lewis and Clark Centennial Commission, 
and indeed, has been a eooperant factor in 
much that has contributed to the progress 
and welfare of the state, especially along 
those enduring lines which have their root 
in educational development, activities, and 
progress. 

Professor Young is also well known in 
fraternal circles, being a member of Eugene 
Lodge. Xo. 11, A. F. & A. M.; Eugene Chap- 
ter, No. 10, K. A. M.; Eugene Camp. No. 115, 
W. 0. W.; as well as the Beta Theta Pi of 
the Johns Hopkins University. 

Professor Young was married in 1887 to 
Mary L. Packard, a daughter of Edwin and 
Adeline J. Packard. They had two children: 
Frances, who is a graduate of the University 
of Oregon of the class of 1910 and has 
earned the degree of Master of Arts special- 
izing in history in the Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity; and F. Harold who is a sophomore 
in the University of Oregon. Theirs is an 
attractive and hospitable home and their 
social position is a prominent one. 

EDDIE L. WRIGHT, who is the proprietor 
of the Half-Way House, which is situated on 
the Yellow Jacket road, nine miles south of 
Pilot Rock, was born in Des Moines county. 
Iowa. December 22, 1875. He is the sun of 
Erastus and Kliza (Calhoon) Wright, who 
removed from Iowa to Oregon in 1880. set- 
tling in Umatilla county, where they resided 
on a farm on Bircli creek until the death of 
the father, in 1888. 

Eddie \j. Wright was reared under the pa- 
rental roof and acquired his education in the 
district schools. IJeing only thirteen years 
of age at the time of the death of his father 
and the next to the oldest in a family of five 
cliildren. the support of the family devolved 
upiin himself and his elder brother, Frank 
Wright, until relieved of the same by the 
marriage of his nu)ther a few years later In 
I'oswald Olcott. At the age of eighteen 
Eddie L. W'right began working as a farm 
hand and was thus employed for three years. 
He then began farming for himself in Uma- 
lilln eounlv. On Tlianksgiviug dav. 1902. he 



removed to his present home, on the Yellow 
Jacket road, where he owns two hundred 
acres of land and conducts the Half-Way 
House, a popular stopping place for freight- 
ers and travelers in the Camas valley. 

On the 31st of December, 1896, Mr. 
Wright wedded Miss Emma E. Rippey, the 
daughter of James Rippey, who removed 
from Missouri to California and later, or in 
1880, came to Oregon and settled in Uma- 
tilla county. To Mr. and Mrs. Wright has 
been born one child. Manilla Mae. In politics 
Mr. Wright is a republican and is a stanch 
believer in the principles of the party. He is 
greatly interested in the cause of education 
and for ten years has been a member of the 
school board. Fraternally he is identified 
with Alta Lodge, No. 165, I. 0. 0. F., and 
both he and his wife are connected with Alta 
Assembly of Artisians at Pilot Rock. Mrs. 
Wright is a capable and cultured lady, a 
very entertaining hostess, and has done 
much to make her home .attractive. Both she 
and her husband have a wide circle of friends 
and acquaintances throughout this commu- 
nity and are held in the highest regard by 
all who know them. 

HON. FRANK J. MILLER. The specific 
and distinctive ofiice of biography is not to 
give voice to a man"s modest estimate of 
himself and his accomplishments but rather 
to leave a perpetual record establishing his 
character by the consensus of opinion on the 
part of his fellowmen. Throughout Oregon 
Frank .J. Miller is spoken of in terms of ad- 
miration and respect. His life has been so 
varied in its activity, so honorable in its 
purposes and so far reaching in its efiects 
that it has become an integral part of the 
history of the city and has also left an im- 
press upon the annals of the state. He has 
filled various offices and is now a member 
of the board of railway commissioners; he 
has gained prominence and success in busi- 
ness circles and at the present writing is at 
the head of the Albany Iron Works; he is 
likewise numbered among the leading repre- 
sentatives of JIasonry in Oregon, and thus 
along varied lines his labors have consti- 
tuted an element for progress and advance- 
ment. He was born in a log cabin in Darke 
county. Ohio, on the 6th of September, 1857; 
lie now stands high in the councils of the 
state and in public thought and action lias 
M'ielded a wide influence. His parents were 
.\lbert S. and Cecilia (Harris) Miller, the 
former a native of Massachusetts and the 
latter of Ohio, in which state they were 
married, the father having removed thither 
wlien a young man. Albert S. Miller be- 
came identified with railroad and bridge 
l>uilding in his early years and followed that 
business in various sections of the country, 
from New England to the Pacific coast. He 
was identified with the construction of the 
line of the Oregon &. California Railroad 
Company through this state and became 
widely known as a railway builder of the 
northwest. He died in Albany. Oregon. 
August 31. 1909, while making' his home 
with his son. Frank J. He, too. was well 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



231 



knowu in Masonic circles as a member of 
the lodge and chapter. He had long sur- 
vived his wife, who passed away December 
1, 18S1. Their son, Henry 15. Miller, who is 
now living retired in Portland, was consul 
general to China during the Uoxer uprising 
and later was transferred to Japan and af- 
terward to Ireland in the consular service, 
doing important work for his countrj' in 
these ditlerent governmental positions. 

Frank J. Miller spent his youthful days 
in his father's home and ac(|uire<l his educa- 
tion in the public schools, supplemented by 
an elective course in the Ore-jon Slate Uni- 
versity, he being a member of the lirst class 
that entered that institution. He had come 
to this state with his parents in 1S74, the 
father becoming a pioneer railroad builder 
of the nortliwfst. On the completinn of his 
studies Frank J. Miller turned his attention 
to contracting, bridge building and railroad 
construction work and for a number of years 
was identified in that lield of hibor with his 
father and his brother. Henry li. Miller, the 
firm becoming prominently known in rail- 
road building. F.arly in the '80s the father 
and brother retired.' after which the subject 
of this review carried on the business alone. 
In 1S83. however, he withdrew from that 
field of labor and entered the employ of the 
Oregon & California Kailroad Company, hav- 
ing charge of its bridge eonstnulion for a 
year. He then again began operating inde- 
pendently as a private contractor and in 
1887 he "identified himself with the Oregon- 
Pacific Railroad, having charge for three 
years of bridge construction and also of the 
operating department for three years. He 
then again conducted an independent busi- 
ness for a year and in 1S91 was elected 
secretary of "the Oregon state railrood com- 
mission." which position he filled for two 
years. In 1S93 he purchased an interest in 
the Albany Iron Works, was placed in 
charge of the plant and successfully con- 
ducted the enterprise, of which he ev.-ntuallv 
became sole owner. This plant he still 
operates and it is one of the important in- 
dustries of the state, making a specialty of 
heavy sawmill machinery. The business has 
been" conducted along prognssive lines and 
has been attended with a most gratifying 
measure of prosperity, returning to the 
owner a splendid income on his investment. 

In December. I'JIO. Mr. Miller was elected 
a member of the board of railway commis- 
sioners and, placing his industrial interests 
in the hands of a competent manager, he has 
since given his attention to the duties of the 
office. He is one of the best informed men 
on railroad operation and const niction in 
the state, his previous experience well fitting 
him for the responsibilities that devolve 
upon him in his present connection. He is 
making a splendid record in ofbcc. discharg- 
ing his duties fairly and impartially, and he 
has the confidence "and approval of the rail- 
way interests and of the public in general. 

In ISSO Mr. Miller was united in marriage 
to Miss Margaret Cray, a doughter of .1. fJ. 
Cray, one of the pioneer settlers of I-»nc 
county. Oregon, who located there on his re- 



moval westward from Hamilton county, 
Ohio, in 1S53. For si.xteen years he served 
as county treasurer there and was one of 
the best known and most highly esteemed 
residents of that part of the state but is 
now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Miller havi- 
become the parents of three children: Frank- 
lin .1., at home; Nellie, the wifu of A. H. 
Coates, a business man of Albany. Oregon; 
and Lena, who is the wife of J. \.. Wood, 
now manager of the Albany Iron Works. 

Mr. Millers Masonic connections consti 
ttlte an important chapter in his life history 
for since joining the order he has U'en a 
most faithful and exemplary representative 
of the croft. He holds memliership in St. 
Johns Lodge, No, 16. F. & A. .\l.: Huyly 
Chapter. No. 8, R. .V. M.: Temple Com- 
mauilerv No. ?>. K. T.; and .Vdinoram (oun 
eil. No." 4, R. &. S. M., all of Albany. He i- 
likewise a member of .\l KadiT Temple. .\ 
A. O. N. -M. S., of Portland. In I'.KIT he wu- 
honored in the election to the olhce of grand 
commander of the Knights Templar of Ore 
gon. and in 1010 he was chosen grand high 
priest of the grand chapter of the Royal 
Arch Masons. He has a very wide acquaint 
ance among the craft in the state and lii» 
fidelity to its teachings has eonstituteil one 
of the forces of his upright, honorable life. 
He lK>loiigs to the AIco Club of .Albany and 
also to the Coiniiierciiil Club tliiTe. ami he 
anil his wilr are members of the First Pres- 
byterian church. He has served on its of- 
cial boaril and is active in its work ad gen 
erous in its siip|>ort. lie is also president of 
the board of trustees of Albany College and 
his cooperation is never sought in vain in 
support of any progressive civic or public 
measure. He has long been a recogni«ei| 
leader in politiral circles, giving loyal sup 
port to the ri-publiean party, and he is now 
serving for the second term as a member of 
the city council of .Mbany. and has also filled 
the otfiee of general assemblyman for two 
terms from Linn and Marion counties and 
later from Linn and I>ane eountie*. lie 
served as a presidential elector at the time 
of the election of Presiili-nt William II. T»fl 
in 1908. Throughout hit life he has Is-en n 
loyal cilizi'U. imbiii-^l with patriotism ond 
fearless ill the defcii^.4' of his hnne«t convic- 
tions. He has fearlestly advwated in legis 
lative halls the principles for which he 
stands and which he l>idieve» will br of the 
greatest benefit to the commonwealth. lli» 
career has indeed l»-en one of activity, full 
. of incidents and ri-sults. In every •phere 
of life in which he has been called to move 
he hos li-ft an indelible impress and his in 
fluence has al\voy« been on the side of proa- 
ret* and imf>ro\ciiicnt. 

MICHAEL CROW. In a hi«tor.r of tho 
successful mercontile interr«t« of f^nstlnp !• 
imperative that mention t>e made. If the 
r<Tord is to hv complete, of Miclini-I Crow, 
of the firm of M. Cmw A Company, nlxi ha« 
directed hi« bii»ine«« obility into a channel 
which ha« brniiglit hini «uccr«« The finii 
of which he it a memli<>r it widely known 
throughout the aurrounHinK count ry ami 



232 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



their store is recognized as one fully stocked 
with a substantial general line of merchan- 
dise. This enterprise was a success from its 
inception and has enjoyed a continually 
growing patronage. Mr. Crow was born in 
Noble county, Ohio, February 12, 1879, his 
parents being William U. and Susan (Cooley) 
Crow. When he was but nine years of age 
his parents brought him to Oregon, where 
he was reared and where he acquired his 
education in the common schools. Soon after 
reaching his majority he affiliated himself 
with educational work and taught for several 
terms. He was also engaged as a ranchman 
during this period, operating the home farm 
and also land of his own. At about that 
period the family removed to the Willamette 
valley and Mr. Crow accompanied them, but 
remained there only one year. At the end 
of that time he returned to Wallowa county 
and purchased a ranch which he had former- 
ly operated. He also bought the home farm, 
which he still owns, although at present this 
property is leased. He was also employed 
in a clerical position after his return to this 
county, in the store of Fitzpatrick & Com- 
pany, of Lostine. He worked some six 
months for W. J. Funk & Sons, of Enter- 
prise, and was in the sheritf's office for about 
two months. .Subsequently, in partnership 
with his brothers. S. P. and C. E., he pur- 
chased the Lostine Mercantile Company, 
which has since been known as M. Crow & 
Company. They have been continuously en- 
gaged in this business since that time and 
theirs is not only one of the most popular 
mercantile houses in the town but has a repu- 
tation of carrying the most carefully selected 
stock in Lostine. The patrons of the store 
include not only the residents of Lostine but 
of the surrounding country as well. The 
conscientious methods of conducting their 
business, as well as their skill in selecting 
.and introducing their goods, have won for 
the members of this popular firm a reputa- 
tion second to none in this line in Wallowa 
county. 

Mr. Crow was married in June, 1910, to 
Miss Jennie Olsen, a daughter of Louis Olsen, 
a pioneer ranchman of Wallowa county. To 
their union one child, Mclvin E., has been 
born. They are both members of the Pres- 
byterian church, in which Mr. Crow is an 
elder. He is a member of Ijostine Lodge. No. 
123, F. & A. M.. and the Knights of Pythias, 
and both he and his wife hold membership 
in the Order of the Eastern Star. The years 
of his business career have been marked by 
steady advance and his long experience in 
one line of trade well qualifies him for the 
dutii'S that devolve upon him in his present 
business relations. 

HENRY OSCAR GORHAM, one of the 
most prosperous and jirominent citizens of 
Union county, is engaged in general mercan- 
tile business at North Powder in association 
with Herman Rothschild and owns over one 
thousand acres of land, fo\n- hundred and 
ciglity acres of which com|irise his liotne farm. 
His birth occurred in Logan county, Kentucky, 
on the 29th of December, 1836, his parents 



being Henry S. and Mary (Cooper) Gorham, 
who were natives of Kentucky and Virginia 
respectively. His paternal grandfather, Jos- 
hua Gorham, was also born in this country, 
representatives of the name having come from 
England in the Mayflower and having figured 
prominently in the annals of New England. 
Henry S. Gorham, the father of our subject, 
followed farming in Kentucky and served in 
the capacity of justice of the peace for forty 
years, enjoying an enviable reputation as a 
leading and influential citizen. His demise 
occurred in Jefi'erson county, Illinois, when he 
had attained the age of sixty-eight years. 
Unto him and his wife were born seven 
children. 

Henry 0. Gorham, who was the second in 
order of birth in his father's family, attended 
the private schools of his native state in the 
acquirement of an education, there being no 
public institutions of learning. He remained 
under the parental roof until 1859 and then 
began farming on his own account. In De- 
cember, 1861, he joined Captain Colwell's 
company of the First Kentucky Cavalry and 
was mustered in at Russellvi'lle, Kentucky, 
remaining in the vicinit.y of Bowling Green 
during the winter. He then accompanied his 
command to Fort Donelson and took part in 
the battle, doing detached service under 
Colonel Forrest, Subsequently he went down 
to Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee and 
participated in the battle of Shiloh, where 
he was wounded so seriouslj' tliat he was 
detained in the hospital for a long time, 
After leaving the hospital he was honorably 
discharged and later served the Confederate 
government in the capacity of wagon master. 
In the spring of 1864 he went to Illinois, re- 
siding in that state for one year. There he 
was employed by the maternal grandfather 
of W. J. Bryan, who often visited the farm 
with his mother, so that Henry Gorham and 
the Nebraska statesman became great friends. 
Mr. Bryan still remembers "Aunt Henry," 
whom as a child he so named, for he had a 
number of aunts but no uncles and was 
familiar only with the former relationship. 
In 1896. when William J. Bryan met Mr. 
Gorham at Pendleton. Oregon, he insisted 
that the latter accompany him to Walla 
Walla, where they changed to meet the lady 
who was Mr. Bryan's godmother. 

In 1865 Mr. Gorham became one of a party 
who had planned and had begun journeying 
toward the west with ox teams. The party 
steadily increased in numbers while en route 
■ but was detained at Fort Kearney until the 
train numliered one hundred and twenty 
teams, when the journey was continued. 
The emigrants reached tlieir destination with 
comparatively little trouble, and Mr. Gorham 
took up his abode in Baker City. Oregon, 
where he engaged in the business of freight- 
ing, hauling goods between Umatilla and 
Boise City, Idalio. until 1867, In that year 
he purchased a tract of land near Baker City 
and followed both farming and freighting un- 
til the fall of 1S70, when he abandoned the 
latter business. Disposing of his farm, he took 
up some hay land near North Powder and 





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II. II. i,i.|;ii\\| 



THE : 

PUBLf 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



235 



four j-ears. On the expiration of that period 
he purchased farm land on Wolf Creek, L'nion 
county, and has here since devoted his at- 
tention to farming and to the raising of sheep 
and horses. His home place comprises four 
hundred and eighty acres and is devoted to 
wheat, oats, barley and Imy, of which he 
raises large quantities. In "the stock busi- 
ness he has won enviable success as a breeder 
of registered Percheron horses and also of 
sheep. Mr. Gorham owns other land in the 
Powder River valley and has one hundred 
and sixty acres on Wolf Creek in Baker 
county. His holdings embrace altogether over 
one thousand acres of land, a large per cent 
of which is irrigated, including practically 
his entire home farm of four hundred and 
eighty acres. There are three artesian wells 
on the home ranch, one being only sixty-five 
feet deep and another reaching a depth of 
one hundred and ninety-eight feet. The fam- 
ily orchard has always borne well but Mr. 
Gorham has not devoted any attention to the 
fruit business. In connection with his ag- 
ricultural interests he carries on a general 
merchandising establishment at Xorth Powder 
and in the conduct of this enterprise has won 
a well merited measure of prosperity. 
■ In 1870 Mr. Oorham was united in wedlock 
to Miss Mary Ann Nation, who was horn in 
Nebraska and who lost her father in infancy. 
I'nto our subject and his wife were l)orn the 
following children: William H.. who is a resi- 
dent of North Powder: Mary Lucy, now Mrs. 
.John \\'. Haines, of North Powder; Charles 
Edward, who is deceased: Mrs. Virginia Po- 
land, who resides on Wolf Creek; Albert 
Franklyn. who is still living on the home- 
stead ; Carrie Ann. who is now Mrs. Robert 
Stockweather and makes her home on Wolf 
Creek; Arthur and Oscar A., both at home; 
Harvey E.. living on Willow Creek; and 
Bryan" .Jennings and Vermont, who are also 
yet under the parental roof. 

In politics Mr. Gorham is a stanch demo- 
crat. He has served his district as a mem- 
ber of the school board and has also been a 
member of the North Powder council. It was 
against his wishes that he was elected county 
survevor, for he is an extremely busy man 
and has not felt that he should accept public 
office. For twenty-five years he has Iwon a 
member in good standing of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and' is the happy posses- 
sor of a veteran's emblem. He also belongs 
to the Farmers Union. He is now in the 
seventy-sixth vear of his age and has spent 
the greater pa"rt of his life in the northwest, 
with the annals of which he is largely fa- 
miliar and with the development of which he 
has been prominently identified. 

WILLIAM R. USHER, JR., has the distinc- 
tion of being one of the few surviving veter- 
ans of the Mexican war ami is also a former 
member of the legislature of Idaho At 
present he has his resi.b-n.e in Hichlanrt. 
where he is cngage<l in the in-iirance arid 

real-estate business. His birti iirred in 

England on the 21st of .lune. l-".!'-'. his par- 
ents being William R. and Elizabeth (Mais- 
burvt t'sher. both natives of England. Wil- 



liam R. Usher, Jr., was brought to this coun- 
try by his grandparents who located in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, but later returned to the 
mother country. His parents are now de- 
ceased, having passed away in Kiigland many 
years ago. They had ten children, three of 
whom still survive. 

William R. Usher as a boy was of a ro- 
mantic and restless teinperameiit, anxious 
to see the wide world, and at thirteen years 
of age, to gratify his ambition, he ran away 
from school and home and secured eniphiy- 
ment as a common laborer on a steamboat 
plying on the Mississippi river. In this oc- 
cupation he continued to be. engaged until 
the breaking out of the war between the 
I'nitcd States and Mexico, when he enlisted 
as a volunteer in the Third Kentucky V<d- 
unteer Infantry and remained with his coin- 
maml tor eleven months. After being nuis- 
tered out he rcturne*! to his former occu- 
pation — that of stcamlKiating — in which he 
continued until May, ISJl. at which time 
he emigrated to California, reaching San 
Francisco on August 3, 1852. Having ar- 
rived in the Golden state, he at once engaged 
in mining, in which he continued until ImII. 
He then moved to Nevada, where he con- 
tinued to live until 18l")T, after which he took 
up his residence in Idaho and continued to 
live there for a period of six years, at the 
end of which time he returned to Nevada. 
In ISSO he came to the Eagle valley in Ore- 
gon, where he purchased land, being fortu- 
nate enough to make his selection and lo- 
cation at a place in the valley which alter 
ward became the town site of Riihhind. In 
1S80 he removed to Baker City, where ho 
became proprietor of a hotel. Here he re- 
mained for two years and then nicived to 
Cornucopia, where he was engaged in mining 
for four consecutive years. .At the end of 
this time he retired from mining and moved 
to Richland, at which place he still owns one 
hundred acres of his original purchase ami 
where he is now engaged in the insurance 
and real-estate business. During the World's 
Fair at Chicago, Illinois, he had an exhibit 
of fruit from his ranch in Oregon and was 
fortunate enough to obtain the first premium 
and a silver medal awarded for the bc»t Ore- 
gon fruits. 

In ISG.'j Mr. Usher was marrii'd to Miss 
Virginia .\nn Carpenter, by whom he had 
one son. who died in infancy. Mrs. I -Ii.r 
is a native of .Mississippi and the il.i'ir'i 
ter of Dangerfield Carpenter, a native of \ ir 
ginia and Kllcn iKyln (uriM'nter, who was 
born in Kentucky. Mr. Usher is n memlier 
of the democratic party ami has served as 
deputy sherilT for a period of four years. He 
was formerly a member of the legislature 
of Idaho. Fraternally he is identitie.l «ith 
the R<'ni-volent Protective Order of Klk«. the 
Independent Ortler of n<ld Fellows and the 
Knights of I'ythlns. He is still nelive and 
influential in biisini--'s alTairo. and with his 
wife, who is iiKw sevenlv four years n( ni;e. 
lives nt their hom-- in Rirlilaml. Mr. Uslii-r's 
long life has been one of unusiinl aclivltv 
and varied business enterprises and n«- 
tions. His journeys hove taken him l.u . , 



236 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



over the southwestern and the northwestern 
plains and intermoiintain regions of the Pa- 
cific coast. He has been unusually success- 
ful in his business ventures and now at 
eighty years of age, a time at which most 
men lay down the cares of life, he is still a 
busy and active citizen of Richland, identi- 
fied with and assisting in the development of 
his county and city. 

BEN W. OLCOTT is now filling tlie posi- 
tion of secretary of state of Oregon through 
appointment of Governor Oswald West. He 
belongs to that class of representative citi- 
zens of the northwest who are making his- 
tory — men who recognize the opportunities 
and possibilities of this great and growing 
section of the country and who are utilizing 
the chances for empire -building upon the 
Pacific coast. Almost every phase of life 
relative to the development and progress of 
the northwest is familiar to him and at all 
times he has done a man's work, shirking 
no duty or responsibility that has developed 
upon him whether standing in the shadows 
or the sunlight of life. 

Mr. Olcott was born at Keithsburg, Mercer 
county, Illinois, October 15, 1872. He com- 
pleted his education by graduation from the 
Keithsburg high school with the class of 
1890 and entered upon his business career in 
connection with office work in Chicago, re- 
moving to the latter city when eighteen 
years of age. He spent a year in a clerical 
position in a wholesale woolen house but in 
the meantime the call of the great west be- 
came too insistent to be denied and in the 
winter of 1891 he turned his face toward the 
Pacific coast. Arriving in Salem, he entered 
the employ of William Brown & Co.. with 
whom he remained for a year, or until Mr. 
Brown disposed of the business. Among the 
firm friends he made during his first year 
in this section was Oswald West, now gov- 
ernor of Oregon, who already at that time 
had made a host of friends by his attractive 
personal qualities and his clean-cut, honor- 
al)l(^ business methods. On the termination 
of his engagement with Brown & Co., Mr. 
Olcott, in company with Mr. West, started 
for soutliern Oregon on a year's hunting and 
prospecting trip in the mountains. When 
he returned to Salem in the fall of 1893 he 
again entered the employ of Mr. Brown but 
after a sliort time left that place to accept 
a position in the pioneer banking house of 
Ladd & Bush, where his friend West was 
also then a trusted erafiloj'e. 

Tn 189C, unable longer to resist the wan- 
derlust that had crept into his blood, Mr. 
Olcott again packed his camp kit and started 
on a two years' prospecting trip in the Kast 
Kootenay country in British Columbia and 
in the Colville Indian reservation in north- 
ern Washington. Finally he felt tliat he had 
had enough of the hardships of the trail and 
camp and started eastward, his destination 
being the scenes amoufr which his boyhood 
had been passed in Illinois. .Soon "after 
reaching his old home he became interested 
in the Citizens State Bank at Keithsburg 
and for six years sat at the cashier's desk. 



but the life of the average country banker 
in a small town in the middle west is not a 
very e.xciting existence and Mr. Olcott found 
that his heart was in the rugged mountains, 
the mighty plains and the great waste 
places of the earth; Accordingly, in 1904 
he left Keithsburg for Nome, Alaska — the 
new Eldorado. On the 31st of December of 
that year he started with dog team and 
sledge on a thousand mile "mush" up the 
Yukon into the interior, his destination be- 
ing the newly discovered and later justly 
famous mining camp of Fairbanks in the 
Xanana country. The adventures, hardships, 
tTials, joys and successes of this long trip 
over the frozen mountains, rivers and val- 
leys of the northern wilderness form one 
of the most absorbing chapters in the life 
storj' of Ben W. Olcott. After surmount- 
ing almost incredible difficulties he reached 
the new mining camp, where he made the 
acquaintance of Captain E. T. Barnette, 
millionaire founder of the camp, who was 
then just organizing and establishing the 
Fairbanks Banking Company. Men with Mr. 
Olcott's knowledge of the banking business 
were few in the far north of that day and 
Captain Barnette secured the services of Mr. 
Olcott as paying teller. Later he became 
gold-dust buyer for Mr. Barnette in the bank 
and on the creeks and opened and conducted 
a branch bank for him at Chena, at the 
head of navigation on the Tanana river. 

After three years in the northern wilds 
Mr. Olcott returned to the states, coming 
direct to Salem, where he entered the office 
of the state land agent, who was his old 
friend, Oswald West, an appointee of Gov- 
ernor Chamberlain. There Mr. Olcott re- 
mained until Mr. West was appointed a 
member of the state railroad commission by 
(iovernor Chamberlain. 

At the time of the celebrated failure of 
the Title Guarantee & Trust Company in 
Portland in 1907. involving a half million 
dollars of state funds, Mr, Olcott was ap- 
pointed by Governor Chamberlain to repre- 
sent the state's interest. In the subsequent 
trial and conviction of one of the officers of 
the defunct institution, he was one of the 
state's principal witnesses. After a satis- 
factory settlement made b_y the state with 
the American Surety Company, bondsman of 
George A. Steel, state treasurer, Mr. Olcott 
remained with the bonding company. When 
William M. Ladd. the pioneer banker of Port- 
land, guaranteed the payment to all deposi- 
tors of their claims against the defunct in- 
stitution, R, S. Howard, Jr., was appointed 
receiver of the same by the court and Mr. 
Olcott remained with him as assistant. The 
summer of 1910 found the latter on a ranch 
in Crook county, but when the news reached 
him that his old friend, Oswald West, had 
announced his candidacy for governor. Mr. 
Olcott returned to Salem and had charge of 
the West headquarters during the memor- 
able gubernatorial campaign. When Frank 
W. Benson, secretary of state, died in Cali- 
fornia in the spring of 1911 Mr, Olcott was 
appointed on the 17th of April, 1911, by 
Governor West to succeed Mr. Benson. At 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



2.(7 



the primary election held on April 19, 1912, 
Mr. Olcott secured tlie republican nomina- 
tion lor secretary of state tor tlie succeeding 
term, beginning .January 1, 1U13. This is 
the only public office that he has ever tilled. 
His political allegiance lias always been given 
to the republican party. He belongs to the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of KIks. He 
has never sought to tigure prominently in 
any public connection anrl yet he is recog- 
nized as a man of intluence whose labors 
have been an effective element for develop- 
ment, progress and upbuilding in the north- 
west, lie is a popular man with the people 
because they believe in him and their belief 
is founded in long experience and close ob- 
servation. 

E. B. CASTEEL is the able and progres- 
sive mayor of Pilot Kock, L'matilla county, 
Oregon. He is a large stockludder in the 
Games Brothers Mercantile Company, of 
Pilot Rock, to whose business he is giving 
his entire attention aside from hi-i duties as 
mayor. His birth occurred in Laurel county. 
Kentucky, on the 2Sth ol April, issc, his 
parents being Robert X. and' Polly (Riggs) 
Casteel. The father is likewise a native of 
Laurel county, Kentucky, while the mother 
was born in Virginia. Robert N. Casteel has 
always been a stanch adherent of the repub- 
lican party. For some time he was the 
deputy assessor for Laurel county, and in an 
early day was engaged in educational work 
in his native state. He is now one of the 
prominent farmers of this county. His wife 
was called to her final rest on the 29th of 
July, 1904. 

E. B. Casteel was reared at home and re- 
ceived his early education in the public 
schools. When he was twelve years of age 
his parents removed to Missouri and in that 
state maintained their resirlcnce for a period 
of si.\ years. It was during the residence of 
the family in Missouri that the mother <>f 
this home passed to her rewarrl. and at the 
early age of thirteen our subject started out 
in the world for himself. He had enjoyed 
but meager scholastic advantages, having ac- 
quired nearly all his education by virtue of 
his persistent individual efforts. On leaving 
here he was first employed on a farm in 
Missouri, where he remained until 1006. Dur- 
ing that year he came to Oregon, to which 
state his "brothers, R. L. and H. f!., had re- 
moved two years previous. His brother R. L. 
is a pniniinent furniture denier, whose busi- 
ness establishment is located at Pilot Rock, 
and H. C is also engaged in the mercantile 
business at Ukiah, l'matilla county. I'pon 
the arrival of Mr. Casteel he was joyfully re- 
ceived by his brothers at the depot at Pilot 
Rock, and from the time he reached that city 
he has been intimately identified with its 
social and industrial life. He at onc-e found 
employment in the business establishment of 
If. i;. Casteel and remained in the service of 
his brother at Pilot Rock for the first year 
of his life in Oregon. Seeing the opportunity 
to better his condition, he sought and ob- 
tained work in the general mercantile estab- 
lishment of Carnes Brothers and continued 



in their employ for one year. During this 
year he was given the opportunity of becom- 
ing an interested partner in this concern. Ue 
at once accepted the opportunity and with 
what means he had he aci|uin>d "a stock in- 
terest in this popular mercantile housf. .Since 
his investment in tliis business he lias de- 
voted himself exclusively to its interests. 

Fraternally Mr. Casteel is identified with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, be- 
longing to Alta Lodge. No. 165. He is also 
a member of Y. A. Tenneowits Tribe, No. 
27 I. 0. R. M. and Pendleton Lodge. No. 
288, B. P. O. E. In politics he is a re- 
publican. A luitural leader among men 
an<l an intelligent exponent ul" the principles 
of the party to which he has given his 
fealty Mr. Casteel has become universally 
popular among his nc(|uaintances and towns- 
men. They have evidenced their confidence 
in his integrity and ability by electing him 
to the ollice of mayor, in which capacity he 
is now acceptably .serving the people. Pre- 
vious to his incumbency of tliis ollice he 
served as a member of the town council. He 
is one of the progressive and leailiiig young 
nu'U of the northeastern part of th.' state 
of Oregon, well known and universally trusted 
in all public matters by the people of his 
county and city. 

THOMAS HOFFMAN is a retired mim-r 
living in Baker. He was born on Christnuis 
Day, 1818, near Springfield, Illinois, and was 
one of a family of nine children, of whom 
only two are now living, his sister Nancy be 
ing the wife of Milton White of Portland. 
Their parents were William and .Martha 
Hoffman, long since deeeaseU. 

Thomas Hoffman spent his boyhood and 
I youth in this state, having been brought 
across the plains in 1^5\, at which time the 
family home was established at Corvnills. 
Oregon. There he renniined until I'^Uj when 
he removed to Auburn. Baker county, and 
began placer mining. He there continued 
for about si.x years and then took up his 
abode in Baker, after which he continue<l 
mining to the time of bis retirement alM>ut 
five years ago. He has been actively asso- 
ciated with the development of the rich min 
eral resources of this part of the state, and 
in that connection has li-d a busy and useful 
life, bringing him at length a measure of 
success which now enables him to live 
retired. 

On the 2:i(l of December. 1sx3, Mr. Hoff- 
man was weddiMl to Miss Margaret Duffy, 
a native of Ireland. Mrs. lIolTnuin «bs l>orn 
in l^li2, and by her marriage has become the 
mother of one son. Thomas Milton, who \» 
now at home with his parents. 

In his political views >!r. Hoffman has 
long been a republican. While he hAs never 
In'en a |>oIitician in the sen*e of n||iri» seek- 
ing, hi- was once nominnlec) for the odlcp of 
sheriff in Issi. He js identifleil with the 
I'nited Workmen and has many friends in 
that organi/nlion ns well us among his busi- 
ness osstH iiit«'» who have rerogniTied his 
sterling worth and hold him in high regard. 
He has lioen a witness of Oregon's growth 



238 



THE CENTENNIAL "HISTORY OF OREGON 



and development for more than six decades, 
having come to the northwest in 1S51 when 
the state was still, under territorial rule. At 
that time Portland was but a village, and 
even in the most thickly populated districts 
of the state here were many evidences of 
frontier life and conditions. Many changes 
have since occurred that have been wrouglit 
by time and man, and Mr. Hoft'man's mem- 
ory forms a connecting link between the 
primitive past with all its hardships and 
privations and the progressive present with 
its advantages and opportunities. 

ROBERT J. HEMPHILL. In the roster of 
officials in Lane county, appears the name 
of Robert J. Hemphill, who is now capably 
serving as county commissioner. He has 
made his home in Eugene since 1910, pre- 
vious to which time he was actively en- 
gaged in general agricultural pursuits near 
Pleasant Hill. Almost the entire width of 
the continent separates the place of his 
residence from the place of his birth. He 
was born in Kittanning, Pennsj'lvania, No- 
vember 3, 1852, his parents being David and 
Hannah (Kness) Hemphill. The fatlier, who 
was born at Belfast, Ireland, and there ar- 
rived at the years of his majority, was twice 
married. Previous to the union with Miss 
Hannah Kness he had been married in his 
native country and there were three children 
born to this union, his wife dying in the 
Emerald isle. Subsequently he brought his 
children to America and settled in Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a linen weaver by trade but 
after taking up his abode in this country 
carried on general farming. By his second 
wife. Miss Hannah Kness. he had five chil- 
dren: Robert J., the subject of this review; 
Martin, deceased; Xancy Jane, who married 
Robert Lytle; David; and .Tosepli M. 

Robert J. Hemphill was thus reared amid 
tile scenes of rural life, early becoming fam- 
iliar with the labors and duties thut fall 
to the lot of tlie agriculturist. In early man- 
hood, however, he turned his attention to 
the profession of teaching. In 1875, he left 
the east, and removed westward to Powe- 
shiek county, Iowa, where he was married. 
In the spring of 1886, he made his way to 
the Pacific coast, settling near San Jose, Cali- 
fornia and in the spring of ISSS, he ar- 
rived in Lane county, when he again took 
up the occupation to which ho had been 
reared, purchasing a farm near Pleasant Hill. 
For twenty-two years, he continued its cul- 
tivation and resided thereon until 1910, wlicn 
he came to Eugene and is now pleasantly 
located in an attractive home in this city. 

Mr. Hemphill wedded Mary S. Ingham, a 
native of Iowa and a daughter of James and 
Mary (Hignot) Ingliam. The father was 
born in Leeds, England, but was brought to 
America by his parents in early childhood 
and t!iey first settled in Baltimore. Mary- 
land, but later removed to Iowa. Tlie mother 
was a nativf of Baltimore, Maryland, ifr. 
and Mrs. Heniidiill have three cliildren: 
Roscoe Glenn; Laura M.. the wife of Jolm 
C. Renwick. of Modesto; and Ralph W., who 
h living in dakland, California. Mr. Hemp- 



hill is well known in the Odd Fellows ranks, 
holding membership in Spencer-Butte Lodge, 
Xo. 9, I. 0. 0. F., of which he is a past grand. 
He also belongs to Pleasant Hill Grange, of 
which he is a past master. In politics, he 
has always been a stanch republican, since 
age conferred upon him the right of fran- 
chise. He has held a number of township 
offices, and the capable and faithful manner 
in which he discharged his duties in these 
positions, led to his election to the posi- 
tion of county commissioner in 1910. Again, 
he is proving his capability by carefully look- 
ing after the business interests of the county, 
which come under his supervision, and in 
other connections, too, he is loyal to his 
duties of citizenship and aids in the support 
of every movement which he deems of prac- 
tical value. 

COLONEL CREED CHESHIRE HAM- 
MOND, assistant cashier and director of the 
Bank of Commerce of Eugene, his native 
city, was born October 9, 1874, his parents 
being James G. and Sarah Elizabeth (Ches- 
sire) Hammond. In the maternal line he is 
descended from an old and highly esteemed 
family. Edmund Cheshire, the great-grand- 
fatlier of Colonel Hammond, was born near 
Richmond, Virginia, and became a resident 
of Tennessee, where he followed the occupa- 
tion of farming. He left his family in that 
state in 1849 and crossed the plains to Cali- 
fornia, working in the mines with some suc- 
cess. Later he returned to Tennessee by way 
of Isthmus route and finally removed with 
his family to Cedar county, Missouri, about 
1850, becoming one of the pioneers there. He 
died in that state in August, 1S61, at the age 
of sixty-six years. The grandfather, James P. 
Cheshire, was born in Knox county, Ten- 
nessee, in 1834 and on removing to the 
northwest settled first at Waldo Hills. He 
then took up a donation land claim at Oak 
Hill, about five miles west of Eugene, in 
1853. It required about six months to cross 
the plains with ox teams. He was about 
twelve years of age when the family left 
Tennessee for Missouri and in the latter 
state he was married on the 7th of April, 
lS4Ci, the lady of his choice being Miss Susan 
McConncll. Much of liis life was devoted to 
farming and his business affairs were so ably 
conducted that success was his in a large 
and gratifying measure. In 1892 he re- 
moved to Sodaville for the benefit of his 
health and purchased a large amount of land 
there. He was deeply interested in the suc- 
cess of Mineral Springs College and in 1900 
he presented to that institution the Soda- 
ville Hotel property, valued at five thous- 
and dollars. He died November 8. 1902, and 
for about five years was survived by his 
wife, who passed away March 11, 1907, when 
in her seventy-seventh year, her birth having 
occurred November 7. 1830. His daughter, 
Sarah Elizabeth Cheshire, was born on the 
old homestead at Oak Hill and was edu- 
cated in the schools of the Long Tom coun- 
try. She was sixteen years of age when she 
gave her liand in marriage to James Gilmore 
Hammond, who was born in Elizabethtown, 




K. I. IIKMI'IIII.I. 



PUBLIC UBR.^R^ 



HBTO« 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



241 



Kentucky, September 10. 1S39. and dietl on 
the 26th of June, 1S7S. The children of this 
marriage are Creed Cheshire Hammond and 
James Gilmore Hammond, the h\tter born 
near Palouse, Washington. February 15, 
1878. The mother was married December 
24, 1884. to F. A. Rankin. She is a member 
of the auxiliary of the Eugene Commercial 
Club, is a past grand of the Daughters of 
Rebekah and past commander of tiie Ladies 
of the ilaccabees. She also belongs to 
Jiugene Assembly of the United Artisans 
and is well known not only in those rela- 
tions but also in social circles, where she has 
many warm friends. 

Her son. Colonel Hammond, attomled the 
University of Oregon and afterward spent 
six years in merchandising in dilTerent parts 
of the east. When the SpanisliAmerican 
war broke out he was in Omalia, Xobraska, 
and joined Company I, of the First N'ebraska 
United States Volunteers, with which he 
served with the rank of first sergeant. With 
his regiment he went to the Pliilippines. 
where he remained through parts of the 
years 1898 and 1899. participating in all of 
the engagements of the Spanish war and 
Philippine insurrection on those islands. At 
length he was mustered out with his regi- 
ment in San Francis<o and returned to 
Eugene. For two years thereafter he en- 
gaged in merchandising and for six years he 
filled the oflice of chief deputy sheritT. On 
retiring from that position he engaged in the 
real-estate business until he became one of 
the organizers of the Bank of Commerce, of 
which he is now assistant cashier ami di- 
rector. 

Colonel Hammond has been twice married. 
In November, 1900, lie was united in mar- 
riage to .\da Jj. Mathews, who died in I'.IOT. 
On the 10th of August. 1909. he was mar- 
rie<l to Mrs. Stephanie .'^chuecker. of Xew 
York city, who was in charge of the piano 
department of the University of Oregon. 
Colonel Hammond is prominent in fraternal 
connections, holding membership in Eugene 
Lodge, No. 11. F. & .\. M.: Eugene Oiapter. 
No. 10. R. A. M. ; Portland Consistory, and 
Al Kader Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He 
also belongs to .Spencer Ilutte I»dg<!, No. 9, 
I. 0. 0. F.: Helmet Lodge. No. .13. K. P.; 
Eugene I^dge. No. 3.57. P.. P. O. E.. of which 
he has been exalted ruler; Eugene Camp, No. 
.■>S37. y]. W. A.: and Eugene .\ssenibly. No. 
61. United Artisans. He also holds mem- 
bership with the United .'Spanish War Veter- 
ans and is now colonel in commaml of the 
Coast Artillery Corps of the Oregon National 
(luanl. He is moilest anil unassuming but 
is helil in high esteem wherever known. He 
and his wife belong to the Episcopal church 
and occupy a very attractive social position. 

HON. THOMAS G. HENDRICKS. One of 

di'i'p philosiipliii' tniid <>I tliniiL'lit lia* »a\i\: 
"Not the good that comes to us hut the 
good that eonii'S to the world thrnujrh u« Is 
the measure of our success." and. judt'«'d in 
this way. Hon. Thomas (;. Hemlrirks may 
be said to be an extremely successful man. 
His broad vision has enabled him to recog- 



nize opportunities not only for Individual 
progress but also for public welfare, and 
these opportunities he has used to the fullest. 
The consensus of opinion on the part of his 
lellowmen places him with Oregon's moat 
honored and representative citizens. Through- 
out the state he is spoken of in terms of 
admiration and respect. His life has been 
so varied in its activity, so honorabh- in it.s 
purposes and so far-reaching and benelicial 
in its etTects that it has become an integral 
part of the history of the city of Eugene 
and has also left an impress upon the an- 
nals of the state. In no sense a man in 
public life, he has nevertheless exerleil an 
immeasurable infiuence on the city of his 
residence: in business life as a merchant 
ami financier; in social circles by reason of 
a cliarniing personality and unfeigned conli- 
ality: in politics by ri'ason of his public 
spirit and devotion to the general ^'ood ; and 
in intellectiuil circles by reason of his in- 
defatigable efforts in behalf of eilneation. 
especially in the upbuilding of the State 
University of Oregon, which largely stan<ls 
as H nuinument to his public spirit and hiuh 
ideals. His chief business association at the 
present writing is perhaps that of president 
of the First National Hank of Eugene, ami 
yet this is but one phase of his ai'tivity 
which still connects him in large measure 
with the development and continuous up- 
building of this city. 

^Ir. Hendrick.s was born in Henderson 
county. Illinois, on the 17th of .lune. IS3,S, 
his parents being James ^f. and Elizabeth 
(Rristow) Hendricks. His paternal grand- 
father was .-Vbraham Hendricks, who at an 
early day became a resident of Kentucky 
lint spent his last ilays in Illinois. Iiimes 
M. Henrlricks was born in the forniiT staf4' 
and made farming his life work. He wedded 
Elizabeth Bristow. a native of Virginia and 
a ilaughter of Eliiah Hristow. who was the 
first settler of Lane county. <1regon. and of 
whom extensive mention is made in iinftther 
Iiart of this work. Followinc his niarriaiie 
Mr. Hendricks removed with his wife to 
HeridtTson county. Illinois. iM'cominir one of 
the piiineers of that state. He "iiTveil with 
distinction in the Black Hawk war ami took 
a prominent part in reclaiming thai rririon 
for tbi- purposes of civilization. Five chil- 
dren were born nnto him and bi/« wife in 
Illinois ami in HIS he slarti-<l with his fam- 
ily across the plaina for the nortb»"ei«t, >' ■! 
ins the journey with three wngonK. • 
yoke of oM'M anil a numlx-r of cattle. I lo-y 
started in March, crosm'd the Mi««oiiri river 
at St. .loseph anil siMin afti-rwanl wrre 
obliged to halt for I"" weeks In onliT that 
the crass miirht grow and thus •ni>pli im-nt 
the .scant nupplv of feed for their •to<-k. On 
n few occasions the imrty had their cattle 
stam|ieded bv the Indians anil by the Mor- 
mons but oltoffetlirr I lie ioiimfV waa frp«* 
from nianv of lh<' ' ind dangers en 

countered bv other ' ri>s« tlie iJaill" 

Thev pnssi'd over li" ' .-■ -l-' range bv the 
norliiwe ronte and in Ortnber reocheil Pleas- 
ant Hill. Lane cotinlr. where they were joy- 
fully |irp«>ted by Elijah nriataw. who thrrr 



242 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ytars betoiu liad come to Oregon, making 
the first settlement within the borders of 
what is now Lane county. 

James M. Hendricks secured a section of 
land twelve miles southeast of the present 
site of the county seat. His neighbors were 
Eugene Skinner. Jacob Spares, Isaac Briggs, 
P. F. Blair and their families and William 
Dodson, who was unmarried, and a few 
others. With characteristic energy Mr. Hen- 
dricks at once began the arduous task of 
converting a tract of wild land into pro- 
ductive fields and meadows. As the years 
passed his labors were crowned with suc- 
cess and he carried on farming and stock- 
raising on an extensive scale, his only in- 
terruption being the period which he spent 
in the gold mines of California in 1851. While 
he carefully and successfully managed his 
private business interests, he also found 
time and opportunity to assist in all those 
affairs which are salient elements in the up- 
building and progress of a county. He did 
everything in his power to promote the 
moral and intellectual progress of the com- 
munity and became a member of the Chris- 
tian church, which was the first organized 
in the county, and assisted in erecting the 
first house of worship near his home. The 
first schoolhouse in Lane county was also 
built near his farm and was established by 
his father-in-law, Mr. Bristow. James M. 
Hendricks continued an active and valued 
resident of the county until his death in 
1876, his wife having previously passed 
away. TJiey were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Benjamin F., conducting a 
gun shop at Fort Bragg, California; Susan 
J., who became the wife of John A. Winter 
and died in California; Sarah A., the wife 
of J. W. Scaggs, of Santa Cruz, California; 
Elijah B., who is engaged in the drug busi- 
ness in Cheney. Washington; James M., 
mentioned elsewhere in this work; Columbus 
C, a capitalist of Pendleton, Oregon- Lafay- 
ette, a farmer of Lane county; Albert M.. 
engaged in farming near Eugene; and Olive 
E., the wife of F. P. Close, a farmer of Lane 
county. 

The other member of the family is the 
Hon. Thomas 0. Hendricks, who was the 
second in order of birth. He began his edu- 
cation in the little log schoolhouse erected 
by his grandfather and others of the com- 
munity and following the establishment of 
Cascade Academy at Cloverdale he became 
a student in (hat institution in 1853 and 
there pursued a three years' course. This 
school was established by his father and 
others of the party who had come to Lane 
county in 1848 and was taught by Martin 
Blanding, a Yale graduate. He afterward 
had the benefit of further instniction in a 
high school or an academy conducted under 
the auspices of the Episcopal church in Eu- 
gene. This was in 1857. when there were 
not more than two or three hundred people 
in the town. In the spring of 1858 he en- 
tered u|)on his business career as a clerk in 
the general mercantile store established by 
his \ineli>. E. L. Rristow. and has conducted 
business in (lie siinir liliick coiit innously since. 



In 18(i0 he became a partner of his uncle 
under the firm name of E. L. Bristow & 
Company and in 1866 they erected the first 
brick building in Lane county at the north- 
west corner of Willamette and Ninth streets. • 
Into this they moved their stock of mer- 
chandise and the original partnership was 
maintained until 1S7.3, when E, L. Bristow 
sold out to W. W. Bristow, who died in 1874, 
at which time Mr. Hendricks became sole 
proprietor. The business was ever con- 
ducted according to the highest commercial 
standards and Mr. Hendricks remained in the 
trade until 1884, when he disposed of his 
stock but retained possession of the building 
and the same year opened a private bank 
under the firm style of Hendricks &, Eakin, 
with Stewart B. Eakin as his partner. Busi- 
ness was conducted under the original name 
until February 27, 1886, when they reorgan- 
ized under the national banking law as the 
First National Bank of Eugene, of which 
Mr. Hendricks has continuously been the 
president. Since 1899 this bank has been 
the United States depository. Its success 
was assured from the start because of the 
substantial business methods upon which it 
was founded. In its conduct conservatism 
and progressiveness were evenly balanced and 
the utmost care has ever been taken to 
safeguard the interests of depositors. The 
business, therefore, has grown continuously 
and the bank is one of the strong moneyed 
institutions of the state. The partners erect- . 
ed a two story building on the west side of 
Willamette between Eighth and Ninth streets 
with the first plate glass front in Lane coun- 
ty. The original capital was fifty thousand 
dollars, which has since been increased to 
one hundred thousand dollars, the capital 
and surplus now being over two hundred 
and seventy-five thousand dollars. From 
time to time improvements have been made 
in the home of the bank, including the erec- 
tion of a handsome two story brick build- 
ing with stone front in 1898. As his finan- 
cial resources have increased Mr. Hendricks 
has made large investment in town and 
country property, including Hendricks ad- 
dition "in College Hill Park and other valu- 
able residence and business sites. He has 
won a place among the most prosperous 
business men of Lane county but the most 
envious cannot grudge him his success, so 
honorably has it been gained and so worthi- 
ly used. 

At all times Mr. Hendricks has manifested 
a public spirit that has found tangible ex- 
pression in his support of many movements 
and projects for the public good. He was 
one of the builders of the City Water Works 
and served as a director until he disposed 
of his interest in the company. He was 
elected one of the first city councilmen of 
E\igene and has again and again served on 
the board of aldermen. For two terms he 
was chief executive officer of the city and 
as mayor gave to Eugene a business-like ad- 
ministration, avoiding extravagant or use- 
less expenditure yet promoting progress 
wherever the best interests of the city were 
to be conserved. In ISSO he was elected for 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORV OF OREGON 



243 



a four years' tetm as a member of the state 
senate on the democratic ticket and his per- 
sonal popularity and the confidence reposed 
in him are indicated in the fact that he was 
absent from home at the time of the election 
and, moreover, the county is regardeil as a 
republican stronghold. During lijs four years 
in office he supported many measures de- 
manded by the most thoughtful of his con- 
stituents and thus greatly promoted the in- 
terests of the commonwealth. lie presented 
to the city of Eugene a tract of land most 
desirably situated for a park eighty acres in 
e.xtent, located in the southeastern part of 
the city, within the city limits. This prop- 
erty, known as Hendricks Park, is being im- 
proved from year to year by the city and 
promises to become one of the most sightly 
and beautiful parks in the state. By this 
gift the donor has not only contributed to 
the enjoyment of the present residents of 
Eugene, but has provided a source of grati- 
fication for endless years to come. 

Perhaps his public service of greatest 
value, however, has been along educational 
lines. There is no one that questions the 
fact that the most valuable gift that can 
be made to any individual is the opportunity 
for thorough intellectual training, and 
throughout his entire life Mr. Hendricks has 
been a stalwart champion of public instnic- 
tion. From the county court he received in 
1S72 appointment to the office of county su- 
perintendent of public instruction to till a 
vacancy and he was twice elected, serving 
in all for six years. He was the first incum- 
bent in the position to take an active and 
effective interest in the welfare of the 
schools, visiting them in his official ca- 
pacity, studying their needs and making 
practical plans for their improvement. The 
experience thus gained formed the founda- 
tion for his later labors in behalf of higher 
education. There are not many school or 
church buildings in the county to the erec- 
tion and maintenance of which Mr. Hend- 
ricks has not contributed. The state owes 
to him a debt of gratitude in rei-ognition for 
what he has done to iiplmild the I'niversity 
of Oregon. A contemporary biographer said 
in this connection: "His greatest elaim 
upon the consideration of posterity is his as- 
sociation with the building, organization and 
subsequent management of Oregon's greatest 
institution of learning, the I'niversity of 
Oregon at Eugene. It is doubtful if any 
other undiTtaking of his life hn» been n 
source of so great a measure of perptonal sat- 
isfaction, so earnest an<l abiorbing iin inter 
est as the development of thi« nnibitlous 
project, the realization of whiih «ill lie the 
prouil heritage of the eouiiie.' generations. 
Mr. >Ienilri<ks is one of tlio-.e tnr-.ighted men 
who saw the necessity for jii-t «uch an in- 
stitution and in the iM'ginning of the 'TOs he 
accepted the responsibility of raising funda 
for its erection, the state not yet linving ar- 
rived at an apjireciation of its ihity in the 
matter. A tew )ielp.i| him to rni-o' the re- 
quired fifty thousand dollars and who as 
members of the buibling committee over- 
came gigantic ohntacles. ignored ili«eonra)f» 



ing influences and conditions and with single- 
ness of purpose made straight for their 
goal, are entitled to rank with the state's 
greatest In^nefactors. That .Mr. Hendricks 
was the life and soul of this little band, the 
farsighted advisor and friend redounds to bis 
lasting honor and invests his career with 
additional dignity and nobility. After the 
state had accepted the institution he became 
a member of the board of regents. b«-ing ap- 
pointeil consecutively for twenty four year-., 
or until the stable condition ol the univer- 
sity justified him in withdrawing his active 
support. During all these yi'ars he was 
chairman of the executive committee and it 
was largely due to his judgment that the 
university took on the methods and the pres- 
tige of institutions of historical renown and 
establisheii usefulness. Thus has the grral 
est ambition of this pioneer Oregoiiian bi-i'ii 
realized; yet broad and comprehensive a- !•> 
its scope it has been but one of the numerous 
avenues invaded by his business sagacity and 
genius for organization and development." 

Interesting as is the business and piddic 
car>>er of Mr. Hendricks, equally attractivi- is 
his home life and many agree that he is seen 
at his best when at his own fireside. t»n the 
•JOth of October, isci. he married Miss Mary 
.1. Hazelton. a daughter of Harvey llazrltoii. 
who settled in Lane county about ts.'i'J. she 
died in Eugene in isr.ii and of the children of 
that marriage Harry died in infancy, wliih- 
Ilia H. became the wife of Frank I., (.'ham 
bers. of Eiigi'ne. but is now deceased. In the 
month of .lanuary. IHOn. Mr. Hendricks was 
united in marriage to Miss Martha .\. .^itew- 
art. a native of Missouri and a daiit'hter of 
Elias Stewart, a biography of whom appeui-. 
on another pagi' of this work. Mr. Stewart 
brought his family to l.ane eounly when 
-Mrs. Hen<lricks was two or three years of 
age. The children of the second marriage 
are: Ada 1).. who was graduated from the 
I'niversity of Itregon with the ela»s of I soil 
and is now the wife of Kichard Shore Smith, 
of Eugene; and Ruby V.. a State I'nivemily 
graduate of the class of I90.T anri now the 
wife of Hay fJoodriih. The family are mem 
bers of the ( hrisfian church, of which .Mr. 
Hendrir'ks is .serving as a trustee, lie is 
also a prominent member of the I Mil Kel 
lows siK'iety. belonyin^ to Sp4'n(iT Hiittr 
Lodge and uNo to tlie t'rand l<><l«e. .\n emi 
nent statesman liii- -aid: "In nil thin world 
the thing supremely worth having i« the on- 
piirttinity. coiipleil «ith the inpacity. to do 
well and' worthily a piei-e of work, the iloinu 
of which "ball 1h- of vital •iKniflcanre 
to mankind." Thin opportiitoly .anie to 
Thoma- <;. Ileinlriik- iiiol ««» iitili/eil by 
him. Ili« eiiterprine mid luiidnlde ambillon 
have made liini a siircMsfiil man •ml while 
prnnioting Individunl interests he has also 
• ontribiited largely to the material welfare 
of Eugene; at the •ume lime he liaa never 
lieeii neglectful of • ' i ! ■ ; i ..rtiin 

ilies of eiti/eii«bi|i .' con- 

stantly i.T ' •■. !;.. - ".lit of 

the great " the i-»l«ldi«hment 

of the .st.i: .. gning not only to 

present generations hut to all poalrrily • 



244 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



legacy of inestimable value. His lite record 
is, indeed, a credit and honor to the state 
which has honored him. 

GEORGE LILLY, who is a retired farnier 
now living at Lostine, was born in Clarion 
county, Pennsylvania, on October 13, 1833, 
the son of John and Hannah (Kuhns) Lilly, 
both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania 
and of Holland Dutch descent. The father 
was engaged in farming in Clarion county, 
Pennsylvania, and spent all his life there. 
He passed away in 1872 at the age of sixty- 
six. His wife, who survived him by about 
five years, also died in Clarion county. 

Cieorge Lilly was reared in his native state 
and his early opportunities for an education 
were very meager. As he was the oldest 
child of the family and had to work on the 
farm, he was able to attend school only 
about three months altogether. He remained 
at home, being connected with the work on 
his father's farm until he was twenty-two 
years of age, at which time he started out 
in life for himself. At the breaking out of 
the Civil war, he volunteered his services and 
spent nine months in Camp Howe at Pitts- 
burg, but his regiment was never sent to 
the front. He acquired one hundred and 
eighty acres of land which was all heavily 
timbered and the making of a farm of it 
was an arduous task. He cleared and cul- 
tivated ninety acres of this land and resided 
on the same until 18G9 when he removed to 
Missouri, locating in Livingston county, 
where he purchased a farm of one hundred 
and twentj' acres. He resided on this place 
for about fourteen years, and in 1SS3 came 
to Oregon, making his way by wagon through 
tlie Barley route and on reaching here lo- 
cated in Wallowa county, where he bought 
ofT a preemption land claim and filed a home- 
stead on the same place. Subsequently he 
bouglit an adjoining tract of one hundred 
and sixty acres, making his ranch include in 
all tliree hundred and twenty acres. This 
ranch is located about midway between Los- 
tine and Wallowa on the south branch of 
the Wallowa river. In 1900 Mr. Lilly re- 
tired from active life, leased his farm and 
removed to Lostine, where he has since re- 
sided. 

Mr. Lilly has been three times married. 
His first union was with Miss Rosie Richen- 
broad. whom he married in Clarion county, 
P<'nMsylvania, in February. 1855. To them 
were born four children, three of whom are 
now living. They are: Benjamin F.; Sarah 
!M.. who is the widow of Cliarles Wilson, and 
now resides at Twin Falls, Idaho; and -John 
I., of Palmer. Idaho. Mrs. Lilly passed away 
in isr,:; ami later Mr. Lilly wedded :\Iiss El- 
len Sellers, of Clarion county. Pennsylvania, 
and to tliem was born one child, who died 
in infancy. Ellen Sellers passed away two 
years after her marriage. Mr. Lilly's third 
unioi, was with Miss Anna Abbey, of Clarion 
county, Pennsylvania, and of this marriage 
have been born five children: Emma, who is 
the wife of A. J. Poe, of Lostine; Samuel, 
who is at home; .lasper. who is with the 
Nortli Bank Railroad Company, at Bingham, 



Washington; Gertrude, who is the wife of 
La Fayette Hammack, of Lostine; and Al- 
fred, who is at home. In politics Mr. Lilly 
is an independent and socially he is a mem- 
ber of the Farmers' Union of Wallowa. He 
is widely and popularly known throughout 
this county and is numbered among the 
prominent citizens of Lostine. 

HON. JOHN WHITEAKER. The Pacific 
coast country may well be spoken of as the 
"golden west." not alone because of its rich 
mineral resources but also because of the 
golden opportunities which it offers to its 
settlers and its citizens. Prominent among 
those who saw and utilized its opportunities 
for his own advantage and for the benefit of 
the state was the Hon. John Whiteaker, Ore- 
gon's first governor, a man whose limited 
early advantages were no bar to his progress. 
His life record is another illustration of the 
fact that it is under the pressure of adversity 
and the stimulus of opposition that the best 
and strongest in man are brought out and 
developed. His natural qualifications made 
him a leader of both public thought and 
action and he left the indelible impress of 
his individuality upon Oregon and her de- 
velopment. Many times he was called to 
positions of public honor and trust and in 
each discharged his duties with a singleness 
of purpose that left no question as to his 
patriotic devotion to the commonwealth. 
Eugene had the honor of claiming him as a 
resident during his later years, his death oc- 
curring in that city on the 2d of October. 
1902. 

In tracing back the ancestry of Governor 
Whiteaker it is found that he is descended 
from one of the name who came from Hol- 
land before the Revolutionary war and who 
was the father of James Whiteaker, the 
grandfather of John Whiteaker. of this re- 
view. James Whiteaker was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Jemima Moore and they be- 
came the parents of four children. John, 
Sarah, David and Rachel. Of these the first 
named was born in Pennsylvania in 1786 
but in early life he removed to Indiana, 
where he was united in marriage to Nancy 
Smales, a native of Maryland. They after- 
ward became residents of Allen county, In- 
diana, where John Whiteaker, Sr., passed 
away October 14. 1864, when he had reached 
the age of seventy-eight years and eight 
months. His wife, surviving for about four 
years, died April 24, 1868, when about eighty- 
two years of age. All of their children were 
born in Dearborn county, Indiana, these be- 
ing: .Tames, whose birth occurred September 
8. 1812; Eliza, who was born September 30, 
1815. and died in infancy; Douglas Livings- 
ton, born August 16. 1817; .John; and Cath- 
erine, born June IS. 1823. 

The birth of John 'N^niiteaker, whose name 
introduces this record, occurred May 4, 1820, 
and his youthful experiences were such as 
came to the lot of farm boys in Indiana at 
that early period. He worked in the fields 
through most of the year and at brief inter- 
vals attended school until the period which 
he had devoted to study covered six months. 



The 



fUBiic 



NEW 



voRflr 



^'Sfi/.RV 










JOHN WHITEAKER 




MRS. JOHN WIIITKAKKIt 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



249 



At the age of sixteen years he started out 
in the world on his own account and traveled 
extensively over the western and southern 
states through the next decade, always de- 
pending upon his own resources lor a liveli- 
hood. In 1842 he was employed at carpenter 
work in Posey county. Jnjiana, there re- 
maining for three years and, realizing the 
need of further education, he attended school 
at intervals during that period. In the spring 
of 1843 he removed to Victoria, Knox county, 
Illinois, where he engaged in carpenter work 
durin<; the summer, and then removed to 
Putnam county, Missouri, where he spent the 
winter. In the spring of 1846 he became a 
resident of Alexandria, Clark county. Mis- 
souri, where he engaged in carpentering until 
July, when he returned to Putnam county. 

It was there, on the 22d of August, 1847, 
that Mr. Whiteaker was marriecl to .Miss 
Nancy Jane Hargrave. a daughter of Thomas 
and Cecelia (French) Hargrave. Mrs. White- 
aker was born in Posey county. Indiana. Sep- 
tember 17. 1828. Her fatlier. a native of 
Kentucky, was a millwright and miller of 
that state but settled in Missouri in pioneer 
times, owning and operating a mill on the 
Chariton river. His remaiin'ng days were 
passed in that state. His daughter, Mrs. 
Whiteaker. was a maiden of fourteen sum- 
mers when her parents went from Illinois 
to Missouri, where her girlhood days were 
passed and where on August 22. 1847, she be- 
came the wife of lohii Whiteaker. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Whiteaker 
purchased some tools in Lancaster and erected 
a little home for himself and wife, after 
which he continued to work as a carpenter 
and cabinetmaker in that locality until the 
spring of 1849. The previous year gold was 
discovered in California and tales were con- 
tinually being borne eastward concerning the 
rich mineral resources of the state ami the 
opportunities for the rapid acquirement of a 
fortune. Hoping that he might benefit by 
the conditions upon the Pacific coast. Mr. 
Whiteaker left his wife with her parents and 
started for the far west. He met with fair 
success in his mining ventures along the 
American river tintil the stimmer of 1851. 
when he returned to Missouri. The far west, 
however, proved to him a more attractive place 
of residence and in 1S.")2 he started with his 
family for Oregon. He owned his o\it(it and, 
traveling after the primitive manner of the 
times, crossed the plains in com|)any with his 
brother-in-law. John Partin, Thomas .lefTries 
and seveDvl others together with their families. 
Mr. Whiteaker was elected captain of the 
trail and they traveled over the old Op-gon 
trail, reaching Yamhill county on the 2tith of 
October. In the spring of 18.')^ Mr. White- 
aker removed south to Spencer Hufte, in Lnne 
county, and secured a donation claim of three 
hnndreil and twenty acres which he nf once 
began to cultivate ami improve. While re- 
sponding readily to the care and labor whirh 
he bestowed upon it. he disposed of that place 
after six years and invested in another farm 
at Pleasant Hill. Ijine county, upon which he 
resided until ISS.".. his time and attention 
throughovit that period being given to Ren- 
voi, n— 1 1 



eral agricultural pursuits and stock-raising. 
In the year designated he received from 
President Cleveland the appointment to the 
position of collector of internal revenue and, 
disposing of his farm, removed to Portland, 
where he resided during the period in which 
he held that ollice. In 1889 he became a resi- 
dent of Eugene and here made his home 
throughout his remaining days. As the 
years pa.ssed several children were added to 
the household, the eldest being a daughter, 
Frances, who was born on the plains at the 
beginning of the journey and dieil on reaching 
The Dalles. Dr. .lohn Charles Whiteaker is 
now deceased. Anne pursued her education 
in the University of Oregon, won the Bachelor 
of .Science degree in 1S81 and later engaged 
in teaching in Cottage (irove and in Kugi'ne. 
For about five years during the period of 
the family's residence in Portland she did 
not teach, but resumed the work of that pro- 
fession upon retuniiiig to this city. .She was 
widely known as a most capable and success- 
ful educator until 1S97. when she perma- 
nently gave up the work of the i-lass roiun. 
In her father's will she was named as admin- 
istratrix of his estate, and for the past ten 
years has devoted most of her time to look- 
ing after the business interests of the estati 
and caring for her invalid mother who 
now eighty-four years of age. She is we 
known as a iiieniber of the Fortniglm 
Club, is a past matron of the Kastern Star,' 
was at one time president of the State .Mum 
iiae Association and has also been presiilent 
of the State University Alumni Association. 
While in college she was an enthusiastic 
member of the Eutaxian Society, being elected 
president of the same two successive terms. 
Estelle, the second daughter, is the wife of 
I). W. .Jarvis, of Eugene. Benjamin is also 
a resident of the same city. .lames Henry 
is living in Idaho, .lohn C. Whiteaker. the 
grandson of governor Whiteaker. is a prac 
ticing physician and surgeon of Ijigeiie. lie ■ 
was liorn at Cottage (Jrove, SeptemtxT 23, 
18S4, and is a son of Dr. John C. and Franeen 
(Reeves) Whiteaker. The former was edu- 
cated at the University of Oregon, complet- 
ing the course with the first class that wb« 
grailuated from that school in I87M. He rend 
medicine under Dr. .\. W. Shnrpli'ss. of Eu- 
gene, was graduated from t'- " n «,■ 

Me.lical C.>llege in 1882 anil ' 
ill Cottage IJrove. Ijiter he (•■! , 

fession in Portland and alioiit Iss:: ri-movcd 
to Eugene, where he practicrd until hi« death, 
.September 12. I8HH. at the- agi- of thirty two 
years. He was n nienilM-r nf tho T.nne I'oiiniy 
Aledieal Society ami the ' ' it"- Medi- 

cal Society. His wife wn r nf Bar 

ton Kt-evcs and llii-ir chiiii. n -ir. Dr. .lohn 
Wliiteiiker; nml l.iilu. "hi> !■< now Mr«. Clyde 
Thomas, of .?eircr-«on, iirei;"" I'r John 
Whiteaker pursued Imlh hii il pro- 

fessional cour<e of "I'llv 1" ■ r«ity 

of Oregon ami was . M. D, in 1910, 

after which lie serv. ; ri,. in the Miilt- 

noninh County Ht>'<|.i;.il. While AltendinK 
college he eni.'ai."'d in rli-rking In ft dnig "fore 
and >» n registered phnrmneist. For a time 
he owned an interest in a drug store in I'ort- 



250 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



land. He belongs to the Lane County Medi- 
cal .Society and the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. He married Edith Matson, a daugh- 
ter of Peter Matson, of Washington. Dr. 
Whiteaker, like his father and grandfather, 
is well known in Masonic circles. He belongs 
to the lodge, chapter, council and command- 
ery and also has membership relations with 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He 
ia making an excellent record which reflects 
credit upon the untarnished name of his dis- 
tinguished grandfather. 

Politically John Whiteaker was a demo- 
crat and to his party gave stalwart support 
because of his firm belief in its principles. 
^^^lile residing at Spencer Creek he served as 
justice of the peace, which was the first po- 
litical office to which he was called. In 1856 
he was elected judge of the probate court of 
Lane county and in the following spring was 
sent to the territorial legislature. Then came 
his election to the oflice of governor of the 
state, in June, 1858, at which time it was 
believed that the bill for the admission of 
Oregon had been passed by congress. It 
afterward transpired, however, that the bill 
did not pass until early in 1859 and not until 
official information thereon was received did 
Mr. Whiteaker assume the duties of the 
position of Oregon's chief executive. He eon- 
tinned as governor of the state until Sep- 
tember 10, 1863, when he retired from office 
as he entered it — with the confidence and 
good will of all. At different times he was 
called to other positions of public honor and 
trust and did much toward molding the policy 
and shaping the destiny of tl^e common- 
wealth. He served for three terms as mayor 
of the house and of the senate in the general 
assembly from 1866 to 1873, was chosen 
speaker of the former and president of the 
latter, and in 1878 he was elected to the 
forty-sixth United States congress, Oregon 
being allowed only one representative at that 
^ time. In 1885, during President Cleveland's 
administration, he was appointed collector 
of internal revenues, which position he filled 
for five years, his retirement from that office 
closing his most useful public career. Dur- 
ing his tenure of office as a member of the 
house of representatives in Washington he 
introduced many bills of large interest, 
among them a bill directing and authorizing 
the secretary of the interior to negotiate with 
the Umatilla, Warm Springs and certain other 
Indian tribes occupying reservations within 
the state of Oregon for the extinguishment 
of their title to the lands occupied by them 
and for their removal to other reservations 
outside the state boundaries. He also intro- 
duced a bill to declare forfeited certain lands 
granted to railroads and telegraph com- 
panies; a bill appropriating live hundred thou- 
sand dollars for continuing the work of con- 
structing locks at The Cascades, Oregon; a 
bill making an appropriation for the con- 
struction of a revenue steamer for service in 
Alaskan waters; and a bill authorizing the 
construction of a bridge across the Willa- 
mette river between Portland and East Port- 
land. In his messages to the state legisla- 
ture while governor he strongly urged the 



necessity for the establishment of manufac- 
turing industries that the imports should not 
exceed the exports, stating that so long as 
this continued the prosperity of the state 
must be jeopardized; that the manufacturing 
of such necessaries as shoes, clothing, caps, 
farm implements, etc., would soon put the 
state of Oregon on a solid and prosperous 
basis, stating that its resources were hides, 
wool, iron, etc. All this indicated his close 
study of conditions, his recognition of oppor- 
tunities and his practical plans to meet the 
exigencies of the moment and prepare for 
the opportunities of the future. 

While Governor Whiteaker was retired 
from business during the period of his resi- 
dence in Eugene, his labors constituted a 
potent element in the growth and advance- 
ment of the city and his aid and cooperation 
could be counted upon in support of any 
beneficial movement for his home locality or 
the state at large. He manifested his faith 
in Eugene and her future by large invest- 
ment in property here. He was the owner of 
about ten blocks in the city, which he laid 
out into lots, constituting what is now known 
as the Whiteaker addition on the southwest. 
In all of his business transactions and in his 
political connections his honesty and probity 
were unassailable and no man has enjoyed 
a larger measure of the confidence and trust 
of those with whom he has been brought in 
contact. A contemporary biographer has 
written of him: "Steadfast in his adherence 
to principle, faithful in friendship and ever 
earnest in the advancement of the welfare of 
his adopted state, he won and retained a 
large circle of friends and admirers whose 
loss through his death can only be partially 
compensated by the memory of the life which 
he lived." There was nothing spectacular in 
his career: he simply attempted to perform 
day by day the duties that devolved upon 
him whether of a quiet or of a most im- 
portant character; each task found him 
ready and waiting and in its performance 
he called forth to the full extent his ability 
and with conscientious purpose performed 
the service that devolved upon him. An emi- 
nent statesman of the present day has said: 
"In all this world the thing supremely worth 
having is the opportunity coupled with the 
capacity to do well and worthily a piece of 
work, the doing of which shall be of vital 
significance to mankind." Such an oppor- 
tiuiity came to John Whiteaker and his pub- 
lic service redounds to the credit and honor 
of the commonwealth. 

M. W. GOODMAN, city recorder, justice of 
the peace and member of a real-estate and 
insurance firm of Lostine, was born in Keo- 
kuk county, Iowa, on the 10th of October, 
1851, a son of Matthew R. and Elizabeth 
(Bowman) Goodman. The father was born 
in Xorth Carolina and the mother is a native 
of Tennessee. Their marriage occurred in 
Iowa, where the mother had removed with 
her parents early in life and where the father 
had located in early manhood with two elder 
brothers. After their marriage they located 
in Keokuk county, Iowa, where they resided 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



251 



until their deaths. The father followed 
agricultural pursuits throughout his active 
career. 

JI. W. Goodman was reared at home, ac- 
quiring his education in the public schools. 
He assisted his father in the duties on the 
home farm until after his marriage, when 
he began working independently. His first 
employment was at the carpenter's trade 
and, as he possessed much natural mechanical 
ability and ingenuity, he succeeded rapidly 
in his work. In 1884, however, he left his 
native state and removed to Oregon, locating 
in Wallowa county, where he preempted one 
hundred and sixty acres on Trout creek, two 
miles north of Enterprise. He resided on 
that ranch for three years before removing 
to Enterprise and again taking up his work 
as a carpenter. Five years later he pur- 
chased a one hundred and sixty acre ranch 
a mile and a half southeast of Enterprise, 
upon which he resided for one year before 
engaging in the sawmill business four miles 
northwest of Losline. A year and a half 
later he sold his mill and again purchased 
the farm which he had preempted upon his 
arrival in Wallowa county. After locating 
upon that property he took up an adjoining 
homestead of one hundred and sixty acres. 
He spent two years improving this property 
and at the end of that time moved to a 
ranch one mile north of Lostine, which he 
rented for three years before purchasing one 
hundred and twenty acres across the river 
from Lostine, where he resided for one year. 
He again sold this property and purchased 
eighty acres a mile east of Lostine, which 
was his home for one year. Desiring to 
spend the following summer traveling, he 
sold the farm but upon his return from his 
trip repurchased it and resided upon it for a 
year and a half. His next real-estate ex- 
change was selling that property and pur- 
chasing a small place in the southern limits 
of Lostine. Living there two years and sub- 
sequently living in Coos county for shortly 
over a year, he determined to make Lostine 
his permanent home and he removed to tliis 
city and purchased the property which is his 
present place of residence. Since residing in 
this city ho has engaged in the real-estate 
and insurance business and lias proven him- 
self a man of resourceful business ability, 
who carefully formulates his plans, is de- 
termined in their execution and considers 
the interests of his patrons quite as readily 
as his own. His methods will bear the clos- 
est scrutiny and investigation and his well 
known business probitj- has gained for him 
the respect of all. 

In 1S73 Mr. Goodman was married to Mi^'t 
Mary Wagner, a daughter of Abraham Wag- 
ner, a prominent agriculturi-it of Keokuk 
county. To their union nine children were 
bom, seven of whom survive, namely: KfTie, 
the wife of F. L. Foster, who is employed by 
the railroad in Portland. Oreynn: Clayton, 
who resides in Coquille. Washington; Ralph, 
who makes his home in Lostine. Oregon; 
Raleigh, a resident of .-Vshland, OrP(?i>n; Le- 
nore, who married .John A. Read, who in en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in Wallowa 



county; and Bessie and Pauline, both at 
home. 

Politically Mr. Goodman is a republican 
and exerts his influence for the progressive 
measures instituted by the party. At pres- 
ent he is serving as justice of the peace and 
also as city recorder, an ollice which he has 
held since 1911. He holds membership in 
Lostine Lodge, Xo. 123, A. F. & A. M. Me 
is interested in the welfare of Lostine and 
as the years have gone by he has won for 
himself a creditable position throughout the 
county as a valued citizen and an enterpris- 
ing business man. 

ALTON HAMPTON is proprietor of Eu- 
gene's largest mercantile establishment and 
his business methods show him to be in close 
touch with all that is progressive, while in 
his plans he looks beyond the exigencies of 
the moment to the possibilities and oppor- 
tunities of the future. Ilis establishment 
sets the standard for activity of that char- 
acter in Lane county and is most attractive 
in its equipment, in the line of goods car- 
ried and in the character of service ren- 
dered to the public. Mr. Hampton is one 
of Lane county's native sons, his birth hav- 
ing occurred September 3, 1870, upon a farm 
of seven hundred acres about seven miles 
south of Eugene owned by his parents, .John 
D. and Mary (More) Hampton. The father 
was a native of Kentucky and came across 
the plains at about the same time as .loseph 
Meek. He died thirteen years ago, when 
sixty-five years of age. lie was a stock 
raiser and farmer and was closely associ- 
ated with agricultural interests in this local- 
ity at an early day. 

Alton Hampton was educated in the public 
schools of Eugene and, starting out in busi- 
ness life on his own account, entered the 
employ of McFarland & French, dry-goods 
merchants at The Dalles, with whom he re- 
mained for two years. He was afterward 
employed for a similar period by F. II. Dunn 
at Eugene and later spent four years in the 
employ of Frank Dunn. He then embarked 
in business on his own account, joining his 
brother on the Mith of .\ugii><t. 1K!I7, under 
the firm style of Hampton Brothers. They 
l>egan dealing in dry goods, clothing and 
men's furnishing goods at the corner of 
Eighth and Willamette streets, where the 
business continued to be conducted until 
February 20. 1911, when the xtock was re- 
moved to the new store. For the past three 
years Alton Hampton has Imtu "oIc pro- 
prietor, his brother having retired. With 
the increasing growth of a prosperous busi- 
ness he biiilt a new stor<', sevi^n'y by one 
hundred and sixty feet and thrre stories in 
height, with basement. It is of white 
pres.ied brirk and is splendidly arranged and 
adapted for the purpose for which it m used. 
In addition to the general line of goods pre- 
viously indicated he also handles ladies' suits 
ami has the Iradini; store of the kind 1m>- 
tween Portland and San Francisco. It is 
called the r)aylii;ht Store because it is not 
only lighted from the outside but also has 
a spacious center areawajr which floods It 



252 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



with sunlight. Witli tlie growth of the busi- 
ness Mr. Hampton extended his efforts to 
other towns, establishing a branch store at 
Cottage Grove three years ago, while in 1905 
he opened a similar store at Springfield. He 
does quite a large jobbing business in ad- 
dition to the retail trade and from the out- 
set his business has grown, its success prov- 
ing tlie capability, enterprise and progres- 
sive methods of the owner. He is also a 
director of the Merchants Bank and was one 
of tlie organizers and is a director of the 
Eugene General Hospital. Fraternally he is 
connected with the Benevolent Protective 
Order of Elks. 

Mr. Hampton married Maude Densmore, 
a daughter of C. M. Densmore, of Lincoln, 
Nel)raska. They have a wide acquaintance 
in Eugene and their friends are many. Jlr. 
Hampton belongs to that class of citizens who 
while furthering individual interests pro- 
motes the public welfare, winning his success 
by methods which will bear the strictest in- 
vestigation and scrutiny. 

JOHN M. SWIFT. The late John M. 
Swift, wliose dealli occurred on November 8, 
1901, was one of the honored pioneers of 
Baker county, where he was successfully 
engaged in the stock business for many 
years and where he acquired extensive prop- 
erty interests. He was born in Bethel, 
Maine, in 1831, and was a son of Mason 
Swift,' also a native of Maine, in which state 
he passed his entire life. 

•John M. Swift w-as reared and educated 
in liis native state, and there he was also 
trained to agricultural pursuits. In his 
early manhood he crossed the plains to the 
northwest, locating in Oregon where he 
turned his attention to stock-raising. He 
was a capable man, farsighted and practical 
in his ideas and possessing sufficient deter- 
mination to enable him to achieve his pur- 
pose. For many years he energetic ;>lly ap- 
plied himself to" the dev.dopnient of his in- 
terests, meeting with such excellent success 
that he became numbered among the sub- 
stantial citizens of this section of the state. 
In his transactions Mr. Swift always mani- 
fested the highest honor and most incor- 
ruptible integrity, his prosperity not being 
achieved at the expense of another's loss. 

In this city on May 8, 1873. Mr. Swift 
was married "to Mrs. Annie (Fisher) llor- 
field, who was born in England in 1837. 
Mrs. Swift is the daughter of Charles and 
Annie Fisher, also natives of England, where 
the motlier passed away during the child- 
hood of her daughter. In 3 840 the father 
emigrated to the United States, where he 
remained for several years, then returned 
to England, making that counliy his home 
until his death. Mrs. Swift came to the 
United States in 1872. locating in Baker 
City, and here she met and subsequently 
married Mr. Swift. Four children were born 
to them, as follows: Arthur V., who is a 
resident of this county; Eugene C. who is 
deceased; Cuvier Lincoln, also deceased; and 
Lon Leo, who is principal of the schools at 
Sunipter. Mrs. Swift had one ilaugliter by 
her former marriage, Annie L. Horfield, tin 



wife of Don Slieperdson, of Baker county. 
The children were all given the advantages 
of a good education, and each was subse- 
quently presented with a farm. 

In politics, Mr. Swift was a republican and 
he was a delegate to the national conven- 
tion when Blaine was nominated for presi- 
dent. He always took an active interest in 
all public affairs and could lie depended upon 
to give his indorsement and cooperation to 
every progressive movement that he felt 
would in any way tend to advance the com- 
munity. 

In matters of faith Mrs. Swift is an Epis- 
copalian, and reared her family in the be- 
lief of that denomination. She is in many 
ways a most remarkable woman, for despite 
her advanced years— she was seventy-five on 
the 20th "of January, 1912— she gives her 
personal attention to all of her interests 
and manages her own business affairs. This 
entails rather exacting and heavy respon- 
sibilities as she owns considerable property, 
holding the title to two hundred and forty 
acres of fine meadow land on the cast side 
of the valley, and one hundred acres on the 
west, which together net her a handsome an- 
nual income. In addition to this she has a 
fine residence in Baker City, located at No. 
2530 Second street, and she owns another 
building on the corner of Baker and Ninth 
streets and one on Court street. She was 
in San Francisco at the time of the earth- 
quake, and while she did not suffer any 
physical injuries, she sustained a terrible 
nervous shock from the effects of which 
she did not recover for some months. She 
is a woman of much refinement and charm 
of manner, who is always ready to assist 
the unfortunate and needy, and has many 
stanch friends in Baker City of long years' 
standing. ' 

JOSEPH FELLMAN is the president of 
the Fellman-Newland Company, proprietors 
of the largest and best equipped furniture 
house between Portland and Sacremento. 
They have carried on this business at Eugene 
since 1907 and their trade has steadily 
grown in the intervening period of five years. 
Mr. Fellman was born in Canton Lucerne, 
Switzerland, November 11, 1867, and is a son 
of John and Elizabeth (Meier) Fellman. He 
was only nineteen years of age when he 
sailed for the new world, arriving in Oregon 
in 1886. He first made his way to Astoria, 
where he resided until 1800, when he went to 
California, spending about a year in that 
state. He next located at Florence, Oregon, 
where he took chai-ge of the Meier interest in 
the business of Meier & Kyle. In 1904, how- 
ever, he sold out in that connection and 
bought an interest in the furniture business 
of which he is now the president. This en- 
terprise is conducted under the style of the 
iM'llraan-Newland Company and is one of the 
most important commercial undertakings oa 
the Pacific coast. They have a large and well 
ajiiiointed store, their stock attractively and 
tastefully arranged, and they deal in all 
kinds of house furnishings. They occupy 
one of the fine business blocks of the city, 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



255 



which is three stories in height and is 
eighty-two by one hundred and twenty feet. 
Here they manufacture mattresses a"nd do 
upholstering in addition to handling furni- 
ture and other house furnisliings. They keep 
in touch with the most advanced and attrac- 
tive styles and the large line of goods 
handled atfords an excellent chance for se- 
lection for their patrons. Mr. Fellman was 
also engaged in the logging business from 
1900 until 1905. 

Mr. Fellman has never had occasion to re- 
gret his determination to try his fortune on 
this side the Atlantic, for here he found the 
opportunities wliich he sought and which, by 
the way. are always open to the ambitious, 
energetic young man. Working earnestly 
and persistently and doing conscieiitionslv 
whatever his hand has found t4> ih>. he has 
steadily progressed and is now one of the 
foremost merchants of Kugene. 

RODERICK McCRAE, proprietor of the 
Hotel -McCrae. was l>orn in Sydney. Cape 
Breton. Xova Scotia, on the 15tli of October, 
1S.50. lie is a son of Frank and Isabella 
(Campbell) .McCrae. both of whom are na- 
tives of Inverness, Scotland. Their marriage 
occurred in Xova .Scotia, where they liad re- 
moved several years j)revi<iusly. In Is.jS 
they removed from Xova .Scotia to 0.\fi>rd 
county, Ontario, and in 1S70 the.v came to 
the United States, settling first in Xeosho 
county. Kansas. They resided there until 
their deaths, which occurred about eighteen 
years later. 

Roderick ^IcCrae was reared under the par- 
ental roof and pursued his education in the 
common schools near his home, the log school- 
house being furnished with slab benches and 
puncheon floor, while shelves placed along 
the sides of the room served as writing desks. 
He laid aside his text-books at an early age 
and assisted his father in the latter's agri- 
cultural pursuits and thus gained his first 
experience in farming, and when he desired 
to start out independently he took up a 
homestead claim tin Osage lands, lie en- 
gaged in farming on that property until 
1888, when he dis|x)sed of his farm and came 
to Oregon, locating first in Wallowa county. 
He took up a liomesti-ad and a timber claim 
of one hundred and sixty acres each. Sub- 
sequently he purchased a sawmill, which he 
located upon his timber claim. In this mill 
the greater part of the timber was snwed 
which was used in the first buildings erected 
in Wallowa. In 190ri he sold hi- laml and 
remove<l to Wallowa, where he ent'aged in the 
hotel business. In 190.'> he lost his property, 
which constituted his entire capital, by fire, 
but his credit was so well establi«lieil that 
it was made possible for him immediately 
to begin rebuilding, and he erected the hotel 
building where he now conducts one of the 
most popular hostelries in Wallowa valley. 

Mr. McCrae has been twice marrierl. His 
first union occurred in 1*7 4. wlien he we<|. 
i\n\ Miss Ellen .Mien in OsaK»' Minion. Xeo- 
sho county. Kansas. To this union four chil- 
dren were born: Frank ('.. who is re»i<ling 
in Wendell. Iilaho; ITysses A., of Wallowa 



county, Oregon; Catherine, who became the 
wife of Henry Davis, also of Wallowa coun- 
ty; and William Henry, who is nuiking his 
home in Dry Creek, Oregon. Mrs. .MctVae's 
death occurred in lUt)o and in Ui t;rande, in 
1903, Mr. .McCrae was again married, his 
second union being with Miss Lilly Webster, 
who came to Oregon from Wapello. Iowa. 
To this union five children have been born: 
Lena, who is in the freshman year of the 
high school: and Scott, Crace. Marjorie and 
Cora, all of whom are attending the graded 
schools. 

.Mr. McCrae gives his political support to 
the republican party and at dillerent limes 
has served as a member of the town council. 
He holds membership in Stanlev Lodge, No. 
11.!, A. F. & A. M.. and Isitli he'and his wife 
are members of .lessica Chapter i>f the Or- 
der of the Kastern Star. He also belongs to 
Kinsman Lodge, No. 87, K. P. His long con- 
nection with hotel interests in this section 
of the country has given him the opportunity 
of making the ac(|uaintance of many of the 
most prominent and representative nu-n of 
Oregon. l!e<a\isi> oi tlie high standard which 
lie maintains in I'onducling his hotel he aids 
substantially in lurtluTing I he welfare and 
elevating the public opinion of Wallowa. Ity 
nature he is well fitted for a hotel man. be- 
ing genial, affable and courteous to all with 
whom he comes in contact. 

FRANK L. CHAMBERS is at the head of 
The (.'hambers Hardware Company, the sec- 
ond largest store in Eugene, and is connected 
with various other business jirojects and en- 
terprises, which are not only sources of in- 
dividual revenue but constitute leading fea- 
tures in the busiiu'ss development and pros- 
perit.v of the city at large. Energetic and 
resourceful, he carries forward to successful 
completion whatever he undertakes and in 
his energy and capability are found the se- 
cret of his continuous advancement along 
business lines. His birth occurri'd in Ore;;on, 
Holt county, Missouri. November s. Isfi.'S. 
He is a grandson of Manlove I'liiimlHTs. who 
served as a soldier of the War of isi'-. Ifc 
removed from New .Jersey to Hellefonlaine, 
Logan county. Ohio, where he spent the 
greater part of his life in merchnndining and 
in practicing thi- profession of medicine. Ilia 
son, .(. M. Chambers, father of Frank L. 
ChamlHTs. was born in (Juini'V. Ohio, in I"<ri7, 
was reared to umnhood in that "tntr nnil 
when he had attaineil his majorily In- went 
to Iowa where he secured a poajtiiui as a 
clerk. In isri.'i he returned to t^uincy, 
where he engageil in merchandislni;, there re- 
maining until 1874, when he r4'movei| west- 
ward to Seilnlia. Missouri. In is7.*i he be- 
came a resident of Mound City. Missouri, 
and in IHsri crossed the western plains to 
Dallas, OreKon. wheri- he establisheil ami eon- 
ducteil a hardwari' stori- in connection with 
W. C. Ilrnwii. The year of l'<S7 witnessed 
his arrival in F.ut'ene. where he remnini'l to 
the time of hn di'ath. He married Martha 
.1. Xeiss. a danehli'r of .lohn H. Nei««, of 
western Pennsylvania, anci they Itorame the 
parents of Ibnt- sons, Frank L.. C. N. and 



256 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



F. E. Chambers. The parents were both 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Frank L. Chambers pursued his education 
in the public schools and college at Mound 
City, Missouri, also studied in Clarinda, 
Iowa, and spent two winters as a student in 
the Normal School at Stanberry, Missouri. 
He afterward pursued a business course in 
the James Business College at Portland, Ore- 
gon, subsequent to the removal of the family 
to the northwest. The succeeding two years 
■were passed in the employ of his father and 
uncle, who were conducting a mercantile en- 
terprise at Dallas under the firm name of 
Brown & Chambers. Subsequently he be- 
came his father's partner in business at 
Dallas but afterward the father sold out to 
William Faull and in January, 1887, Frank 
L. Chambers disposed of his interest to H. 
B. Casper. He then started out to look for 
a new location and selected Eugene as a 
favorable one. That his choice was founded 
on wisdom has been well demonstrated in the 
succeeding years, for success has attended his 
efl'orts and he has found opportunity for 
successful operation along various lines of 
business. He joined his father in establish- 
ing The Chambers Hardware Company in 
1888. They opened a hardware store on 
Willamette street, south of Ninth street, 
under the firm name of Chambers & Son. 
This was continued until 1890. when F. L. 
Chambers purchased his father's interest and 
was then alone in business until December, 
1901, when he was joined by his brother, F. 

E. Chambers, under the firm name of Cham- 
bers & Brother. On the 21th of April, 1906, 
the business was incorporated as The Cham- 
bers Hardware Company, with Frank L. 
Chambers as president and Fred E. Cham- 
bers as treasurer and manager. In 1S90 a 
removal was made to No. 537 Willamette 
street, where they continued for three years 
and then removed to their present quarters, 

F. L. Chambers having purchased and re- 
modeled the property. When the business 
was started Mr. Chambers and his father 
employed no assistants but there are now 
fourteen people in the employ of the store. 
Their retail busine.ss covers the territory 
fifty miles both to the east and west and 
twenty miles to the north and south. They 
have an acre of floor space and in addition 
to carrying a large and extensive line of 
shelf and heavy hardware they have a large 
furniture department and also carry paints 
and oils, implements, vehicles, poultry sup- 
plies and grass seed. Their trade is now 
very extensive and their business is con- 
stantly growing. While Mr. Chambers capa- 
bly directs the interests of the hardware 
trade and its allied branches, he is also well 
known in other business circles, being a di- 
rector of the First National Bank of Eugene 
and one of the organizers and a director of 
the First National Bank of Cottage Grove. 
He is likewise a director of the Valley Im- 
provement Company and also part owner of 
the MeKenzie Water Power Company. He 
is also president of the Chambers Power 
Company, owners of the canal from the 
Willamette river which furnishes water 



power for the factories of Eugene. In 1890 
he was one of the organizers and a director 
of the Eugene Canning Company, whose cap- 
ital stock was fifty thousand dollars. The 
business of this company, which increased 
enormously, gave a great impetus to the 
orchards in this section of the state. Five 
years afterward the Chambers, Bristow 
Banking Company was organized as a cor- 
poration to engage in private banking busi- 
ness and four years later, in 1909, it was 
consolidated with the First National Bank of 
Eugene. He is likewise one of the organizers 
and president of the Eugene Theater Com- 
pany and in these various connections con- 
tributes largely to the upbuilding, develop- 
ment and commercial prosperity of the city. 
In 1891 Mr. Chambers was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Ida B. Hendricks, a daughter 
of Thomas G. Hendricks and a graduate of 
the University of Oregon. She died April 9, 
1900, leaving a daughter, Mary H. For his 
second wife Mr. Chambers chose Miss Edith 
Kerns, a daughter of Samuel Kerns, of Eu- 
gene, and also a graduate of the University 
of Oregon. They are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, in which Mr. 
Chambers is serving as a trustee and is also 
acting as a member of the building com- 
mittee, which is raising eighty thousand 
dollars for the erection of a church to be 
built in 1912. Since 1887 Mr. Chambers has 
been associated with the Fourth Regiment of 
the Oregon National Guard 'and is now regi- 
mental quartermaster. He belongs to the 
Commercial Club and was one of the or- 
ganizers and a trustee and director for many 
years and is in full sympathy with its pur- 
po.ses and plans to promote and upbuild the 
best interests of the city. Fraternally he is 
connected with Eugene Lodge, No. 11. F. & 
A. M.; Eugene Chapter, No. 10, R. A. M.; 
Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 2, K. T., of which 
he is a past eminent commander; and Ore- 
gon Consistory and the Mystic Shrine at 
Portland. He is a self-made man and is 
both progressive and aggressive. He pos- 
sesses a keen intellect, is far-sighted and 
sound in his judgment. He is also a public- 
spirited citizen and has those attractive 
qualities which render him personally pop- 
ular wherever he is known. 

MRS. CLINTON W. MUMFORD, who for- 
merly was Miss Margaret A. Osborn, was 
born in Linn county, .July 31, 1869. Her 
parents were Alexander R. and Satirah Ann 
(McDowell) Osborn. The former was the 
son of Joseph and Margaret Osborn, who 
crossed the plains from Illinois to Oregon 
with ox teams in 1845, and Alexander R. 
Osborn was born in the Rocky mountains, 
while they were making the journey. After 
the family arrived in Oregon they located 
in Linn county, where they look up a dona- 
tion land claim upon which they resided 
only three or four years before removing to 
Whitman Mission to assist in the work there. 
They arrived there only a short time prior 
to the Whitman massacre and were present 
on that occasion. Mrs. Joseph Osborn was 
in the room with the Whitman family when 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



257 



Mr. Whitman was killed. She escaped to 
the Osborn apartments where Mr. Osbom, 
moving the bed, raised a log in the puncheon 
floor and put his wife aud three children 
through the opening, and followed them, the 
family escaping under the floor of the house. 
After the Whitman trouble they returned to 
their donation claim in Linn county, where Mrs 
Osborn passed away and later Mr. Osbom 
and his children removed to Lebanon, where 
he died. Satirah Ann (McDowell) Osborn 
was born in 1848 and was the daughter of 
David and Melinda (Marvin l McDowell, who 
crossed the plains to Oregon in 1852 and 
settled in the Willamette valley but subse- 
quently located near Brownsville, where for 
many years Mr. McDowell operated a saw- 
mill. Mrs. McDowell died on the old home- 
stead and Mr. McDowell subsequently re- 
moved to Moscow, Idaho, where he passed 
away. Alexander R. Osborn and Satirah 
Ann" JfcDowell were married in Linn county 
in April. 1S67. and resided there on a farm 
until 1871, when they removed to north- 
eastern Oregon, locating in Umatilla county. 
They resided there for five years, Mr. Osbom 
being engaged in the sawmill business. In 
March, 1876, they homesteaded a tract of one 
hundred and sixty acres, twelve miles north- 
east of Pendleton and were among the early 
pioneers in the wheat belt of Umatilla coun- 
ty. They resided there for ten years but 
iii the meantime had taken up a timber claim 
in what is now Morrow county. In 1SS6 
they removed to this claim but the following 
year came to Wallowa county, where they 
resided only one year, when they wont to 
the Grande" Ronde valley, remaining there 
several years. Subsequently they removed to 
Crook county, where they now reside. Mr. 
Osbom is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church and Mrs. Osbom belongs to the 
Christian church. 

Margaret A. Osborn was reared under the 
parental roof and acquired her education in 
the public schools of Oregon. On the 18th 
of July, 18S6. she was united in marriage 
to Clinton W. Mumford and following their 
marriage they purchased of a former settler 
a relinquishment claim of one hundred and 
sixty acfes of railroad land in I'matilla 
county and resided on this tract until 1898, 
when "they removed to Summerville. in Union 
county, and in 1900 purchased their present 
ranch" of four hundred and twenty-five acres 
adjoining the town of Wallowa. Their ranch 
is regarded as one of the bctt in Wallowa 
county and Mr. Mumford carries on gi'nrral 
farmi'ng and stock-raising, extensively. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Mumford are well known 
and highlv honored throughout Wnllown and 
the vicinity. Both are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and fraternally 
Mr. Mumford is affiliated with Wallowa 
Lodge, No. 154, I. 0. 0. F. 

F. N. DERBY, who is engaged in the real- 
estate business in Salem, with offices in the 
United States National Bank building, was 
bom in Union City. Indiana, on the 1 1th of 
October. ISj.',, a son of fleorge \. and M»- 
linda (Brown) Derby. The father wo« bom 



in Newark, Licking county, Ohio, in 1820, 
and the mother's birth occurred in Vermont 
in 1826. They were married in Newark, 
Ohio, and in 1S54 moved to Union City, In- 
diana, and in 1856 removed to Ottumwa, 
Iowa, where they spent the greater part of 
their lives. George A. Derby was engaged 
in the mercantile business for many years 
and for four years served as sheritT, his term 
of otfice being during the war. While he was 
in office the last man was hanged under the 
old capital punishment law. Throughout 
life he was very active in politics and was 
a republican. At one time he was a candi- 
date for the position of warden of the pen- 
itentiary and lacked but a single vote for 
election while at another time, when a candi- 
date for a member of the legislature, he was 
defeated by but a few votes, the election 
iM'ing very close. His death occurred in 1902 
and his wife passed away in 1892. both dy- 
ing at Lincoln. Nebraska. To them eleven 
children were born, five of whom survive, 
the youngest being our subject. 

F. N. Derby was reared in Ottumwa. Iowa, 
and acquired his education in the common 
schools of that city. When he decided to 
start upon an independent career he removed 
to the northwestern part of Iowa, locating 
in O'Brien county. He was at that time 
but nineteen years of age. He at once ac- 
cepted a clerical position in a store which he 
held for two years. \^'hen he was twenty- 
one years of age he was elected county clerk 
of O'Brien county, an office which he held 
until his election two years later to the office 
of county treasurer. He served in that 
capacity for six years. In 1892 he came to 
.Salem, Oregon, and engaged in the r4'al- 
eslate business, with which he is still iden- 
tified. He has always been active in various 
civic projects and for six years was engaged 
in building and managing the city street 
railway. He has also served as deputy 
sheriflT for one year. At present he has the 
distinction of being the only man who has 
been in the real-estate business in his city 
for more than five years. Eight years ago 
he formed a partnership with .1. W. WilUon 
and the firm has since been known as Derliy 
& Willson. F'ew men in the city have a b<>t- 
ler idea of the value of property and hi* 
advice is sotight by many of those rnntem- 
plating a purchase or sale of property. 

On the Itth of October, 1878, Mr. "Derby 
was married, in Iowa, to Miss ^farion .\. 
De Long, whose birth occurred in March. 
1R60, and who Is a daughter of Theodore De 
Long. To their union three children have 
been born: Arthur N.. an electrician of Tort- 
land; Nellie, who is in the county recorder'* 
office in Oregon City; and Ulva, at home. 

In politics Mr. Derby was a firm demo- 
crat until 1000. in which year he resigned his 
position as chairman of this congressional 
district and voted for Williom MrKinley. 
He has since cast his vole for the repub- 
lican party. He is a thirty serond degree 
Ma-son and also hoMs membership in the 
Modern Woodmen of America, the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and the Knighta 
of Pythias. He has given evidence of busi- 



258 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



ness sagacity and of an ability to deal tact- 
fully with men — an ability essential to one 
who is to make a success in a business 
career. He is deeply interested in all meas- 
ures advocated for tlie benefit of the com- 
munity and in his social, fraternal and busi- 
ness associations he holds to those high 
principles wliich look toward substantial 
success and public esteem. 

SAMUEL WADE. One of the pioneer 
ranchmen of Wallowa county is Samuel 
Wade, who for thirty-seven years has been 
successfully engaged in general farming and 
stock-raising in the vicinity of Lostine, 
where he owns sixteen hundred and fort.y 
acres of land, all of which is well improved 
and under high cultivation. He was born in 
Monongalia county. West Virginia, on the 
7tli of January, 184S. and is a son of George 
and Mary Ann (Eakin) Wade. In 1S56 the 
parents removed to Iowa, where for many 
years the father engaged in farming. They 
are both now deceased, the father having 
passed awa.y in 1900 and the mother in 1879. 
Samuel Wade was only a child of eight 
years when he accompanied his peojile on 
their removal to Iowa, where he pursued his 
education in the common schools until he 
was twenty. While engaged in mastering 
the common branches he was becoming fa- 
miliar with the best practical metliods of 
tilling tile fields and caring for the crops 
under the capable supervision of his father. 
For two years after laying aside liis text- 
books, he gave his undivided attention to 
farming and stock-raising in Iowa, but at 
the end of that time he decided to come to 
the northwest. He had implicit confidence 
in the rapid development of this section of 
the country as soon as better railroad fa- 
cilities were afforded, and in 1873, together 
with his young wife, he crossed tile plains 
to Oregon. They first located in Union coun- 
ty, where he rented a rancli that he oper- 
ated with excellent success for four years. 
At the expiration of that time he had suffi- 
cient capital to undertake to develop a place 
of his own, so coming to Wallowa county he 
homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres of 
land three miles east of Lostine. With his 
cluiracteristic energy he immediately set 
about improving his land and placing it 
under cultivation. He worked with tireless 
energy during those first few years, meeting 
with the usual difficulties and obstacles en- 
countered by all pioneers. His efforts were 
rewarded with success, however, his land 
yielding more abundantly each year, while 
his licrds thrived and multiplied. As hig 
circumstances warrantcil from time to time 
he extended his holdings until he now owns 
sixteen hundred and forty acres of land. 
This is all under cultivation and well im- 
proved and is now numbered among the valu- 
able properties of the county. He has erect- 
ed large, commodious barns and outbuildings 
and a comfortable residence on his ranch, 
all of whicli ale ]irovided with modern con- 
veniences appropriate to their various needs. 
Ilis place is thoroughly eciuipped with every 
implement or machine that will minimize the 



labor or expedite the work connected with 
its operation, which is entirely consistent 
with the spirit of progress tliat Mr. Wade 
has always manifested. In connection with 
the cultivation of his extensive fields he is 
making a specialty of the breeding and rais- 
ing Pereheron horses. He is meeting with 
excellent success in this and unquestionably 
has one of the best breeds of horses in east- 
ern Oregon, and is known as one of the rep- 
resentative stockmen of the state. Prosper- 
ity has crowned the endeavors of Mr. Wade 
and in addition to his fine ranch he is a 
large stockholder in the Enterprise State 
bank of which he is president, and he is in- 
terested in various other local activities. He 
is a practical man, and conservative and 
cautious in his speculation, never undertak- 
ing anything until he has conceived a defi- 
nite line of action. 

Wayne county, Iowa, was the scene of Mr. 
Wade's marriage to Miss Louisa Evans, a 
daughter of Hiram and Sarah .Tane Evans, 
the event being celebrated on May 4, 1871. 
Three children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Wade, as follows: Jennie, who mar- 
ried J. L. Reavis; Maude, who became the 
wife of C. B. Mays; and Hiram, who is at 
home assisting his father with the operation 
of the ranch. 

The family attend the Christian church 
and the political support of Mr. Wade is 
given to the democratic party. He has never 
prominently figured in local affairs, how- 
ever, his extensive private interests always 
having precluded the possibility of his as- 
suming official responsibilities. He is one of 
the widely known ranchmen of the county as 
well as one of the most substantial citizens, 
and has the gratification of knowing that 
such success as has attended his efforts has 
been the well merited reward of concentrated 
and intelligently directed energy, as he came 
to this county with practically no capital 
save his youthful optimism and a determina- 
tion of purpose that refused to recognize 
defeat. 

HON. ANDREW N. GILBERT. The Hon. 
Andrew X. Gilbert lias lieeii a resident of 
Oregon's capital for forty-five years. His hag 
been a useful and honorable record as a repre- 
sentative of commercial interests and as a 
member of the state legislature. Prior to 
coming to the northwest he had won a place 
among the nation's honored defenders, hav- 
ing served as a soldier in the Civil war. He 
was born in Grandview, Illinois, on the 18th 
of March, 1840, his parents being James M, 
and Margaret (Hurst) Gilbert, both of whom 
M-ere natives of Virginia, where their child- 
hood was passed and where the.y were married. 
They became pioneer settlers of Illinois, re- 
moving to Grandview, that state, in 1833 — 
the year in which the question of the su- 
jiremacy of the red men was forever settled 
there in the Black Hawk war. The father 
was a shoemaker and followed that trade un- 
til IS.il, when he took up a homestead in 
Edgar county, Illinois. Locating on his farm, 
he tbereafti'r devoted his attention to its 
development and improvement until his death. 




A. X. KM.ItKUT 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



261 



which occurred in 1.*S'^. when he had reached 
the ripe old age of eifihty-four years. For 
three decades he had survived his wife, who 
dic<l in 1S58. at the a<.'e of forty-einlit years. 
15oth were devoted Christian people, holdinji 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, in the work of wliich they took an 
active part, and Mr. Gilbert wa.s also an 
exemplary member of the Masonic fraternity. 
Andrew X. Gilbert devoted his ynuth largely 
to the acquirement of an education in the 
public schools of his native town and in the 
Waveland Collegiate Institute at Wavcland. 
Indiana, which he entered in the fall of 
1860. His studies however, were inter- 
rupted by the outbreak of the Civil war, 
which aroused liis patriotic spirit and led to 
his enlistment, on the 1.5th of .July. 1S61. 
as a member of Company E. Twelfth Illinois 
Infantry. He had. however, previously en- 
listed in a company made up at sclmol to 
serve under General Lew Wallace, but the 
regiment had been tilled ere they reached 
the place where (ieneral Wallace's command 
was being organized. The company there- 
fore returned to Waveland and tiiiished out 
their school year, so that tlie military ex- 
perience of ilr. Gilbert actually began on the 
15th of July, when he became a member of 
Company E." of the Twelfth Illinois Infantry. 
This regiment was assigned to the Army of 
the Tennessee and he |)articipate<l in the 
battles of Fort Donelson. Pittsburg Landing, 
the advance on Corinth, all of the engage- 
ments of the Atlanta campaign, and the 
march under .'^hernlan to the sea. On the 
expiration of the three years' term Mr. Gil- 
bert reenlisted in the same regiment at 
Pulaski. Tennes.see. and. having thus veteran- 
ized, continued to serve until the close of the 
war. He then took part in the Grand Re- 
view at Washington, which was the most 
celebrated military pageant ever seen on the 
western hemisphere, thousands of victorious 
"boys in blue" marching down I'ennsylvania 
avenue in the capital city underneath a ban- 
ner which bore the words: "The only debt 
which the count rv owes that she cannot pay 
is the debt which she owes to her soldiers." 
Mr. f;illiert was afterward Imntirably dis- 
charged and mustered out at Louisville. Ken- 
tucky, in the summer of isfi.>. and then re- 
turned to his Illinois home, where he re- 
mained until the 1st of April. IHUC. 

That date witnessed his start for the west. 
He took a steamer at Kansas City. Missouri, 
for Fort Henton. Montana, from which place 
he proceeded to Helena, where he remained 
until the 11th of August, when, with a saddle 
horse and a pack horse, he starte.l westward 
all by himself over the old Mullen trail, which 
is now on the route of the N'.irtliern racilie 
Railroad. Oregon was his destination and on 
the ISth of October he arrived in Salem, where 
he has since made bis home, his residence 
here covering the intervening period of forty- 
five years. He soon secured a clerkship in 
a grocery store, where he was eniploveil for 
four or 'five years, when, in company with 
Charles I'zafogage he established a retail 
shoe business under the firm style "I I'za- 
fogace & flilbert. This partnership, however. 



was dissolved after two years, at which time 
Mr. Gilbert reentered the grocery trade, or- 
ganizing the firm of McCully & Gilbert. He 
had charge of the active numagement of the 
business fm- two years and it was then 
merged into the firm of Gilbert & Patterson, 
which conducted a very profitable and grow- 
ing business until 1001. In that year they 
sold out and Mr. (Jilbert retired from active 
life. He was one of the oldest merchants in 
the city in years of continuous conni'ction 
with its trade relations and his commercial 
activity constituted an important chapter in 
the business annals of Salem. His trade 
grew with the growth of the city and sur- 
rounding country, for his Inuiorable business 
methods and reasonable prices conunended 
him to the confidence and ])atronage of the 
public. 

The success which Mr. Gilbert achieved 
would alone entitle him to distinction as a 
representative resident of central Oregiui ami 
vet in other connections he has figured very 
prominently, leaving the impress of his in- 
dividuality upon the political annals of the 
state as well as upon its commercial develop- 
ment. He has been a lifelong republican and 
an influential factor in' the councils of his 
party. As early as 1S~0 he was elected treas- 
urer" of the city of Salem and in 1871 and 
again in ISTfi "was chosen to represent his 
district in the state legislature. The session 
of lS7t was the last held in the ohl Ibdman 
block and he served in the first session wliich 
convr^ned in the new statehcnise in IsTCi. In 
1882 he was again called forth for legislative 
duty and again he served in the special ses- 
sion of the sanu' year. He thus aidi'd in 
forming the laws of the state, giving niretul 
consideration to im|)ortant questions which 
came up fur settlement, actnati'il at all times 
by a spirit of unquestioned devotion to duty 
and the interests of thi' commonwealth. He 
was postmaster of Salem, \uider the adminis- 
tration of President Harrison, for five years, 
and for four years he filled the position of 
superintendent of the State Penitentiary, un- 
der the Lord administraticui. In is."><'i he had 
participated in the organization of tin- re- 
publii'an jiarty and he rode in the paraih' at 
Charleston. Illinois, at the time the famouB 
debate between Lincoln and Douglas was 
there held. 

Mr. Gilbert is pleasantly situated in his 
home life, having been married in 187'.' to 
Miss Kstelle A. McCully. a native of Iowa 
and n daughter of Davi'd McCully, who wn* 
one of the band of Argonauts who in l«40 
went to California in search of the gotilen 
lleece. He afterward came norlliwanl In tire- 
gnn, settling in Harrisbiirg, ami subsequently 
he reninverl to Salem, where he iM-came very 
prominent in husiiii'"* circles. He was en- 
gaged in the transportation business, operat- 
ing a line of vessels on the river for n num- 
ber of years. Cnto Mr. and Mrs. Gilliert have 
lieen born three children: Hay I)., who suc- 
ceeded to his father's gnicery business, with 
which he is now identified: Wnrren. of Den- 
ver. Colorailo, who is n cartoonist associalwl 
with the Denver Post nml the Rocky Moun- 



262 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



tain News; and Agnes, the wife of B. 0. 
Schucking, of Salem. 

Mr. Gilbert is one of the most prominent 
of Salem's old-time residents and no history 
of the city would be complete without ex- 
tended reference to him because of the im- 
portance of his activities here both in busi- 
ness and financial connections. His course 
has ever been above suspicion. Among the 
citizens' official representatives in the gen- 
eral assembly he has ever commanded re- 
spect and in his home city, where he is best 
known, he inspires personal friendships of 
unusual strength and all vpith whom he has 
come in contact have the highest admiration 
for his good qualities of heart and mind. 

CHARLES DOWN, who owns and operates 
a fine ranch of eight hundred and fifty acres 
in the vicinity of -Joseph, has been a resident 
of Wallowa county for ten years. He is a 
native of England, his birth having occurred 
in Devonshire on the 23d of November, 1857, 
and is a son of John and Hannah (Tucker) 
Down, both of whom are now deceased. 

Reared on a farm, Charles Down was early 
trained in the work of the fields and care of 
the crops, assisting his father with the 
lighter duties about the home place, while 
pursuing his education. At the age of fifteen 
he laid aside his text-books, and during the 
succeeding five years he gave his entire at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits. Believing 
that better opportunities awaited him in 
America, he left home when he was twenty 
and emigrated to the United States. Upon 
his arrival in this country he located in Kan- 
sas, where he found employment as a farm 
hand, the only kind of work with which he 
was at all familiar. He remained there for 
three years, but at the end of that time he 
located in Colorado, continuing to follow the 
same occupation. After a year's residence 
in the latter state he continued his journey 
westward to Oregon, locating in the Grande 
Ronde valley. Soon thereafter he filed on a 
homestead of one hundred and sixty acres 
and began his independent career as an agri- 
culturist. As he is energetic and practical 
in his methods he made a success of this and 
subsequently increased his holdings by the 
purchase of another eighty acres. Mr. Down 
here engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising until 1902, and during that time 
brought his land unto a high state of pro- 
ductivity and erected good buildings and 
added many other improvements, making it 
one of the valuable properties of that sec- 
tion. Ten years ago he disposed of it to 
good advantage and came to Wallowa 
county and Ixuight a half section of land 
that formed the nucleus of his present ranch. 
As his circumstances have warranted he has 
extended the boundaries of his place until 
it now embraces eight hundred and fifty 
acres, all of which he is cultivating. Dur- 
ing the period of his ownership, Mr. Down 
has wrought extensive changes in this ranch, 
that h.ave greatly increased its value. 

.\t Elgin, Oregon, in October, 1888, Mr. 
Down was united in marriage to Miss 
Louisa Jones, a daug'hter of J. E. Jones, and 



to them have been born three children, as 
follows: John R., who is assisting his father 
on the ranch; and Ray and Ruth, both of 
whom are still in school. Ever since granted 
the right of franchise by naturalization Mr. 
Down has given his political support to the 
men and measures of the democratic party. 
He is a man with high standards regarding 
the duties of citizenship and in the fulfil- 
ment of his public duties manifests the same 
spirit of progress and enterprise that char- 
acterizes him in his business transactions. 

. HON. OSWALD WEST. "By force of a 
strong personality, integrity of purpose, 
honesty and capability, Oswald West has 
won his way to a first place in everything 
he has attempted to do," said a distinguished 
statesman in speaking of Oregon's governor, 
and one of the leading journals of the state 
said, "His strength today lies in his record 
of achievements for all classes and common 
interests." Governor West is yet a young 
man, but he has already fought a good fight 
in behalf of justice and progress and in op- 
position to misrule in public affairs. He 
possesses the qualities of military leadership 
in marshalling his forces, and his strength 
and ability have been developed in the hard 
school of experience. He was born May 20, 
187.S. near Guelph, Ontario. Canada, and was 
but four years of age when he became a resi- 
dent of Oregon, being brought thither by his 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. John G. West, who, 
with their family of seven children, traveled 
to the Pacific coast. They were living at 
the old Cosmopolitan hotel in Portland at 
the time that hostelry was destroyed by fire, 
leaving them practically destitute. After a 
few weeks the family home was established 
in Roseburg, and after a few months a 
further removal was made to Salem, where 
they arrived in the autumn of 1877. The 
father there engaged in the business of buy- 
ing and selling livestock, in which he con- 
tinued until 1883, when he returned to Port- 
land and his son Oswald, then a lad of ten 
years, became a pupil in the school in Holla- 
day addition to the city. In the evenings 
and on Saturdays he drove stock for O'Shea 
Brothers and A. H. Johnson. In those days 
the cattle for butchering were driven along 
Third street, that busy thoroughfare of the 
present day being then well beyond the busi- 
ness district. After a few years in Portland 
the family returned to Salem, and again the 
father engaged in butchering and stock 
buying. 

At this period in his life Oswald West 
divided his time between the acquirement of 
an education in the public schools and the 
driving of a butcher's delivery wagon. In 
1880 his education was considered completed, 
and he sought and obtained the position of 
messenger in the banking house of Ladd & 
Bush at Salem. All through the interven- 
ing years to the present day, however, he 
has been a close and discriminating student 
in the school of experience wherein he has 
learned many of life's most valuable and im- 
portant lessons. He early recognized the 
fact that industry and fidelity are the basis 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



263 



of advancement, and that he called those 
qualities into play in his business life is in- 
dicated in the fact that after three years 
with the banking house of Ladd & Bush he 
■was promoted to the position of paying 
teller, in which capacity he served until 1899. 
Attracted by the gold discoveries in Alaska 
he then went to the northwest, spending six 
months in that district with pick and shovel, 
and meeting all the hardships, privations and 
dangers incident to life in Alaskan mining 
camps. He then returned to Salem to again 
enter his old position with Ladd & Bush, 
which he tilled until March, 1900. when he 
resigned to enter the First National Hank at 
Astoria. There he continued until the rec- 
ognition of his ability by Governor Cham- 
berlain led to his appointment as state land 
agent in September, 1903. He served until 
1907, when he resigned to accept an appoint- 
ment for a four years' term on the Oregon 
railroad commission. Perhaps no better esti- 
mate of his service in those two connections 
could be given than by quoting from the 
Oregonian a tribute to his efficiency in pub- 
lic service. "Oswald West, formerly state 
land agent and now a member of the rail- 
road commission by virtue of appointment 
by the governor, is recognized all over the 
state as a young man who has 'made good' 
in public service. This recognition he has 
attained by the aggressive spirit he displays 
in taking up any work that may be assigned 
him. Where many others in otTicial position 
would have been content to let affairs drift 
along in well worn ruts and in accordance 
with out-of-date customs, he has been 
prompt and persistent in efforts to establish 
a better order of things. Because he found 
practices in force was not the slightest rea- 
son why he should continue them. If they 
were good, very well; b\it if not good, they 
must make way for the better. Whether the 
desirable thing can be done he seldom, if 
ever, stops to inquire. He proceeds upon the 
theory that a thing can't be done without 
trying, and he makes the effort. Everybody 
told him he couldn't secure convictions in the 
state land fraud cases, and he didn't but he 
made a try at it and at least brought to 
light the facts as to the manner in which the 
state lands had been purchased. The only 
reason he didn't secure convictions was that 
the criminal laws did not cover the violation 
of the land laws. His aggressiveness dis- 
closed the laxity of the criminal laws. 

"West is an aggressive member of the rail- 
road commission. He does not worry himself 
over the question whether the commission 
has the power to take proposeil action for 
the benefit of patrons of the railroad. If it 
is something that ought to be done, he ho- 
lieves in doing it, and letting the other fel- 
low do the worrying. I/cgal obstnntions 
have no terrors for him. If shippers made a 
complaint he believes in trying it on the 
merits first, leaving the railroads to raise 
the question of law if it be found that n 
cause for complaint existed. There are 
scores of young men in official positions in 
Oregon — city, county and state offices — who 
could win recognition as West has if they 



were willing to undertake reforms which 
they admit should be inaugurated, but which 
they hestitate to attempt because they 
doubt whether anything can be done." 

His fearless position in behalf of reform 
in opposition to graft and to misrule sug- 
gested Oswald West for further olfioial 
honors, and he became candidate for the 
democratic party for governor, 'fhe Daily 
Journal of Portland said: "His party has put 
Oswald West forward for the position of 
governor. Xo candidate more lit was ever 
ottered the people of Oregon. He is of the 
type of men who achieve large things. He 
is a product of the lower levels from which 
has come the best the country has known. 
He was born in poverty and his early career 
was in the midst of adversity. He was herd- 
ing live stock at Portland" and driving » 
butcher's wagon at Salem at the age when 
other boys are at their games. The pinch of 
necessity drove him to labor when other 
lads of his age were at school or at their 
pastimes. 

"It is a story of youth that accompanies 
many a one of this country's illustrious 
names. It is the crucible of necessity that 
has been the test and preparation for many 
a splendid public service. Voting West was 
taken from school when yet in his teens to 
become messenger in a bank, but the liber of 
manhood was in him and he rose quickly to 
a position of large confidence, llis reputa- 
tion spread, and another financial institu- 
tion bid for and secured his services. Then 
the commonwealth of Oregon called him up 
higher and he became fhe state land agent. 
It was the swift working out of the career 
of a young man who made good in whatever 
capacity he served. 

"No official ever served Oregon better than 
did Oswald West in his administration of 
the state land department. It was an ad- 
ministration by a man of action. System 
was introduced and order applied. Craft 
was brought to an end and business prin- 
ciples installed. Land thieves wiTe appre- 
hended and their stealings recovrreil and 
added to the public <lomain. (io betwi'iim 
Were banished from the statehoiisi' and the 
purchaser of state lands was brought into 
immediate touch with the state's a^ent and 
without fee or price. There had always bo- 
fore been scandal in the ollice, and it is nota- 
ble that there has never been scandal since 
West entered the position and cleared it up. 

"For his splendid service as stofe land 
agent Mr. West wos called up higher. It 
was promotion and the utili7jition by the 
state of his splenilid executive ohility. He 
became a member of the railroad commis- 
sion, and the splfjndid work of the rommis- 
sion is a further monument of his exenitive 
genius. It is a work that has been ilope 
without a bross band, or pomp or heraldry. 
It has Iieen a quiet, unassuming administra- 
tion of a great trust. Its results are told 
oil every day in the great aums that arc be- 
ing saved the consumem, pro<lneer» ond 
shippers of Oregon. 



264 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



"Mr. West is of the Chamberlain school 
of administration. His training was under 
Chamberlain in the two administrations by 
that notable governor, which administrations 
were the most satisfactory and most popular 
that Oregon ever had. 

"Such lias been the transition of Oswald 
West from a pennyless boyhood to a can- 
didacy for the chief magistracy of his state. 
It is "a transition creditable to him, valuable 
for his state and sequel to the big fact that 
he is a man, not of words, but of action." 

The concensus of public opinion regarding 
Mr. West was not only thus expressed by 
the press but was also manifest at the en- 
suing election which showed him to be the 
choice of tlie people for the liighest office 
within tlie gift of the commonwealth. He is 
capable, fearless and honest, and meets the 
public demand for one who is not afraid to 
do things. He took his stand for the initia- 
tive and referendum, tlie direct primary law 
in its full scope, intent and purpose, the cor- 
rupt practices act, the recall, and for all 
those measures whicli the people had been 
insistent upon maintaining. During his ad- 
ministration he has proven his ability to 
maintain and execute his promises as far as 
the power is within him. He is seeking to 
fully protect the rights of the people and to 
promote every progressive policy having for 
its purpose the betterment of the state. 

Mr. West was married September 23, 1897, 
to Miss Mabel Hulton of Salem, who, with 
him, fully maintains the higli social dignity 
of the oilice to which he has been called. He 
is always approachable, always courteous, 
yet one who meets him in office hours knows 
he has no time to waste. His questions are 
direct, his answers clear, and it is evident 
that he has made himself master of tlie vital 
situations which he is now controlling as far 
as his executive office gives him power. In 
writing his own history he is leaving a most 
creditable impress upon the pages of Ore- 
gon's liistory as well. 

GEORGE B. DUKEK is the president of 
the Condon National Bank. His birth oc- 
curred in Oneida county. New York, on the 
24th of November, 1858, his parents being 
George and Mary (Meyer) Dukek, both na- 
tives of Wurtemberg, Germany. They emi- 
grated to America when they Were entering 
upon the period of young manhood and 
wonianliood, locating in Oneida county. New 
York, where they were shortly afterw-ard 
married and continued to reside until 1865. 
In this year they removed to Delaware 
county, Iowa, wliere Mr. Dukek purchased a 
farm and for many years was successfully 
engaged as an agriculturist. He is now liv- 
ing retired in Manchester, Delaware county, 
Iowa, but his wife was called to her final 
rest in 18S9. 

George li. Dukek was reared at home and 
acquired his education in the public schools. 
In 1884 he left the parental roof and re- 
move<l to Oregon, locating in what is now 
(iilliam county but at that time formed a 
portion of Wasco county. Here lie [irc- 



empted one hundred and sixty acres of land 
fourteen miles southeast of Condon, on which 
he located, but after a brief period spent on 
this land he purchased another farm, to which 
he removed. He now owns ten hundred and 
sixty acres of land in Gilliam county. He 
w-as" actively engaged as a ranchman until 
1906, when he rented his land and gave his 
entire time to his varied and somewhat 
widely distributed business interests. In 1906 
he became one of the leading spirits in the 
organization of the Condon National Bank 
and was made a member of the board of 
directors of that institution. In 1909 he was 
elected to the office of juesident of the bank, 
in which capacity he lias since remained. 

Fraternally Mr. Dukek is identified with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, be- 
longing to Mayville Lodge, No. 81, and also 
to the subordinate branches of the order. He 
is likewise a member of the Patrons of 
Husbandry. He gives his political allegiance 
to the republican party and is one of its 
active and inlluential constituents. Mr. 
Dukek is unmarried. He enjoys an enviable 
jiosition in the social circles of the community 
and the business interests of his city and 
county never fail to secure his hearty co- 
operation whenever he is called upon to in 
any way lend his influence to matters per- 
taining to the general welfare. 

ASAHEL BUSH. After the long journey 
by the isthmus route to San Francisco and 
a trip up the coast to Astoria, Asahel Bush 
proceeded in a small boat up the Columbia 
and W^illamette rivers to Portland, arriving 
in 1850 in the state which has since been 
his home. Sixty-one years have come and 
gone, years that have been fraught with re- 
markable changes, converting an unsettled 
wilderness into one of the populous and 
prosperous states of the Union. With the 
work of progress and advancement Mr. Bush 
has been closely associated anil he still re- 
mains an active factor in the world's work 
although he has now passed the eighty- 
eighth milestone on life's journey. What 
he has accomplished has left its impress 
upon the annals of Oregon, constituting an 
important chapter in the history of the 
state. He was one of the pioneer journalists 
and bankers of Salem, and is still con- 
nected with the bank which for many years 
has been considered a tower of financial 
strength in the capital city. His memory 
is keenly alive to the happenings of six 
decades ago, nor has his keen interest in 
the work of general development abated in 
all the ensuing years. His wide acquaint- 
ance and the prominent part which he has 
taken in the public life of the city, as a 
business man and citizen, render it impera- 
tive that mention be made of him in this 
volume. He was born in Westfield, Mass- 
achusetts, June 4, 1824, and comes of a 
family of English origin. They have been 
represented in America, however, since 1630. 
In all the years which have since elapsed 
representatives of the name have been 
active factors in the welfare of the different 
communities in which they have lived. In 




OEORGK It. 1)1 KKK 



TllK CKXTEXXIAL HISTORY OF OREGON' 



267 



1650 a branch of ttie family was cstublishod 
in Wt'sttield. Massacliiisetts, to wliich place 
removal was made from Comu'cticut where 
the family had lived for twenty years. 
Aaron Bush, the {irandfather of Asaliel Bush, 
was a lifelong farmer of Xew England. Mis 
son, Asahel Bush, Sr.. was born in West- 
field, Massachusetts, and also devoted his 
time and energies to agricultural pursuits. 
He did not concentrate his ellorts entirely 
upon his individual interests, however, but 
labored etVectively and earnestly for the 
welfare of the community, arul that he en- 
joyed the contidence and good will of the 
public is indicated in the fact that he was 
elected to serve as selectman of his town 
and to represent his district in the state 
legislature of Massachusetts. He held mem- 
bership in he Iniversal church and was a 
man of broad-minded and liberal views upon 
many questions. He married iliss Sally 
Noble, a native of AVesttield, Massachusetts, 
and also of English descent. . They became 
the parents of six children. 

This family included Asahel Bush, whose 
name introduces this review. His youthful 
days were spent in his native town, and 
after mastering the brunches of learning 
taught in the public schools he attended the 
Westlield Academy. When seventeen years 
of age he became a resident of Saratoga 
Springs, Xew York, and there entered upon 
an ai)prenticeship at the printer's trade in 
the otiice of the Saratoga Sentinel. During 
his four years' service there he acquainted 
himself w-ith almost every phase of news- 
paper publication, and the experience of 
those early years proved of immense value 
to him in" his journalistic work in Oregon 
in later life. His first idea was to make 
newspaper publication his work but other 
activities attracted him and he took up the 
study of law, pursuing his reading in the 
ofllce and under tlie direction of William 
Blair and Patrick Boise until admitted to 
the bar in Massachusetts in 18:10. It was 
about this time that he decided to .seek his 
fortune upon the I'acitlc coast, his plans in 
this regard being similar to those formed 
by his friend, R. P. Boise, later a represen- 
tative of the Salem judiciary and a former 
student in the law ofliee of his uncle, Patrick 
Boi.se. Soon after his admission to the bar 
Jlr. Bush bade adieu to the scenes and friends 
of his youth and started for Oregon as a 
pas.senger on the steamer Empire City, 
which sailed from Xew York for Aspinwall. 
He proceeded across the isthmus on a boat 
which was poled up the Chagres river to a 
point whence he proceeded on the back of 
a mule across the mountains. 

On the Pacific side he reembarked and the 
vessel proceeded northward in its counie 
until the harbor San Francisco was. reached. 
From that point Mr. Bush sailed for As- 
toria, still little more than a fur trading 
post upon the western frontier. In a small 
boat he continued up the Columbia and 
Willamette rivers until he arrived at Port- 
land, then a town of only a few hundred 
inhabitants, its homes and stores boinjr 
along the river bank while what is now the 



business center of the city and its fine res- 
idence districts were covered by a dense 
growth of tir trees. 

After a brief period Mr. Bush settled in 
Oregon City and began the publication of 
a news[)aper which he called the Oregon 
Statesman, having previously shipped his 
printing press from the east around the 
Horn. The liist issue of this .Statesman 
ap|)eared March, IS.")!, and Mr. Bush con- 
tinued as editor, proprietor and publisher of 
that pioneer journal until ISja. In that 
year he transferred his oHice and his plant 
to Salem where he continued in the Held of 
newspaper publication until ISOI when he 
sold the paper, the name of which was after- 
ward changed to the I'liion. Sinci' lsi;7 he 
has engaged continuously in the banking 
business, entering that tield originally as a 
partner of W. S. i.add, of I'ortlaml, under 
the firm style of Ladd & Bush. The busi- 
ness connection between them was continued 
until 1877 when Mr. Bush purchased his 
partner's interest and has since been at the 
liead of the bank which has long been ac- 
corded a foremost place among the strong 
financial institutions in this part of the 
country. In 1SG7 he erected a line business 
block especially equipped for the conduct of 
a banking business. The institution of 
which he was one of the promoters has al- 
ways been conducted along safe lines in 
which progressiveness has been tempered by 
conservatism, allowing of no unwarranted 
risks. In all business matters Mr. Bush has 
readily discriminated between the essuntial 
and the non-essential, and the methods he 
has employed in the attainnu'iit of success 
have brought him not only prosperity but 
the high and merited regard of all with 
whom he has come in contact or who know- 
aught of his career. With the growth of 
the city Mr. Bush extended his ellorts to 
other business alTairs, becoming identilied 
with the Salem Flouring Mills as a stock- 
holder in and president of the company. He 
was connected with .Mr. Ladd in this un- 
dertaking and they equipped the plant with 
rolli'r process inachineiv. When the mill 
was destroyed by lire it was imnieiliately 
rebuilt and' the "plant toilay is thoroughly 
ino<lern in every particular while the ex- 
cellence of its product insuri'S a ready sale 
for its daily output of four hundred bar- 
rels. Mr. Bush has also been an investor 
in the Salem Woolen Mills, is the owner of 
the Salem Foundry and for some time was 
a stockholder in the old Oregon Steam Navi. 
gation Company, thi- predi-eessor of the 
present system known as the Oregon Rail- 
road &, Xavigation Company. In addition 
to these enterprises, in which much of hi* 
capital has ln-en prolltably inv<".ted and to 
which he has devoted no inconHi.liTnble por- 
tion of his time and energy, he has been 
connected with local enterprisi-H which have 
constituted important elements in the sub- 
stantial a<lvancement of Salem along com- 
mercial, mnnufnrturing ond llnaneial lines. 
Mr. Bush had lieen a resi'lent of Salem 
for about four years when he returned to 



268 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OEEGON 



the east for a visit to his old Massachu- 
setts home, again making the trip by the 
isthmus route. It was following his first 
trip by the same route and in 1865 crossed 
the plains to the east by stage but when 
he again came to the coast it was over the 
isthmus route. It was following his first 
return to New England that Mr. Bush was 
married in Salem in October, 1854, to Miss 
Eugenia Zieber, who was born in Princess 
Anne, Maryland, January 13, 1833. Her 
motlier was also a native of that state but 
her father's birth occurred in Philadelphia. 
The Zieber family crossed the plains in 1851 
and after residing for a time in Oregon City 
removed to Salem. In 1853 her father, 
John S. Zieber, was made surveyor general 
of Oregon, which position he filled for a 
term. Mrs. Bush was afforded excellent 
educational opportunities, being graduated 
from the Moravian Seminary at Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania. She was a lady of superior 
culture and refinement and her gracious 
manner and kindly spirit endeared her to 
all who knew her. She was especially de- 
voted to her family consisting of husband 
and four children: Kstelle, who is also an 
alumnus of the school from which her 
mother graduated; Asahel N., a graduate of 
Amherst College of the class of 1882 and 
now a partner in his father's business; 
Sally, a graduate of Smith College at North- 
ampton, Massachusetts; and Eugenia, who 
completed her education in Wellesley Col- 
lege near Boston. The wife and mother 
died in Salem, September 11, 1863, and her 
death was deeply regretted by all who 
knew her. 

Mr. Bush yet remains an honored resident 
of the capital city where he has made his 
home for almost six decades. In politics 
he has ever been an earnest democrat and 
has done much for the party in this state 
yet never places partisanship before patriot- 
ism or the good of the few before the wel- 
fare of the majority. He served for several 
years as a member of the democratic state 
central committee and was for a time its 
chairman. In 1892 he was a delegate to 
the democratic national convention in Chi- 
cago on which occasion Grover Cleveland 
was nominated for the presidency for the 
second time. Mr. Bush has held no elec- 
tive offices and yet has frequently done im- 
portant public service. For eight years he 
was territorial printer for Oregon, being the 
first and only man to hold that office. He 
was appointed one of the board of visitors 
to the United States Military Academy at 
West Point, New York, filling that post in 
1861 when two classes were graduated for 
the purpose of providing otlicers for the 
army in the Civil war. He resigned the 
oflicc of regent of the Oregon State Uni- 
versity after serving in that .position for 
a number of years. He was also one of the 
first trustees of Willamette University and 
at all times has been a stalwart champion 
of the plans and projects for the promotion 
of intellectual progress in the northwest. 
He belongs to the Oregon Historical Society, 
and ill religious faith is a Unitarian. In 



1902 he was made a member of the board 
of directors for the Lewis and Clark Cen- 
tennial Exposition that was held in Port- 
land in 1905. It is well known that the 
support of Mr. Bush could ever be counted 
upon for a movement or measure of vital 
significance in the welfare of his community 
or state, and his example was an influencing 
factor securing further support from his fel- 
low townsmen. It has been said of him: 
■'Thoughtful men who have watched the 
progress of the state for the past four or 
five decades are generally agreed that there 
is living today no other individual whose 
personality, sound judgment in afiairs of 
finance, trade and commerce, broad-minded- 
ness, thoughtfulness for the welfare of the 
community at large, and unselfish and dis- 
interested desire to witness the most eco- 
nomical utilization of the partially developed 
resources so abundant throughout the 
country in which he was a pioneer, has 
made and is yet making so marked an im- 
press upon the trend of events in the state. 
For many years his strong guiding hand 
has been felt in nearly all important un- 
dertakings throughout a large expanse of 
territory within the borders of the state, 
and his judgment has been sought and de- 
ferred to by hundreds of men in all walks 
of life." 

In Salem not to know Asahel Bush is 
to argue oneself unknown. He is today not 
only one of the most venerable but one of 
the most honored residents of the capital 
and has an acquaintance that largely covers 
the state. He has for sixty years watched 
the careers of most of the men prominent 
in the public life of Oregon; he has been a 
witness of the work that has been accom- 
plished in the utilization of the natural re- 
sources of the northwest and he has seen 
the founding and the developing of towns 
and cities which are now important features 
in the world's trade and commerce. To all 
the work of progress he has given sub- 
stantial assistance, and while holding to 
high ideals he has ever followed practical, 
and there resultant, measures. The snows 
of many winters have whitened his hair and 
yet in spirit and interest he seems still in 
his prime. Old age need not suggest, as 
a matter of course, helplessness or want of 
occupation; there is an old age which grows 
stronger and brighter as the years pass by 
and gives out of its rich stores of wisdom 
and experience for the benefit of others. 
Such is the record of Asahel Bush, whose 
life history reflects credit and honor upon 
the state which honors him. 

VALENTINE STROBLE, who since 1895 
has been successfully engaged in the furni- 
ture and hardware business in Pendleton, 
was born in Hohenzollern, Germany, on Jan- 
nary 16, 1858. He was a son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Moritz Stroble, the mother dying in her 
native country, when the subject of this 
sketch was but five years of age. In their 
family were two children. After the mother's 
death the father was married again and by 
his second union he had five children. 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



269 



Valentine Stroble received his education in 
the public schools of his native country and 
remained there with his father, being en- 
gaged in the work of cabinet-making for 
about five years. In ls~3 he came to Amer- 
ica, locating at Ottawa, Illinois, where he 
worked at the carpenter's trade for four 
years. He then went to Fort Worth, Texas, 
and followed his trade for about si.\ years, 
the last year of his time in that state being 
spent at Lorado. In 1885 he came to Ore- 
gon, locating in Umatilla county and has re- 
sided in Oregon ever since. For a time he 
was in Morrow county on a homestead and 
in 1888 came to Pendleton where he has 
since resided. During the years from 18SS to 
1895 he was engaged in a planing mill and 
in 1895 he started his present business in 
the furniture and hardware store of which 
he is the sole owner. His place of business 
is located at 210 East Court street and he 
owns there a one-story brick building of the 
dimensions twenty-five by ninety feet. He 
also owns an excellent residence at 308 
Crosby street. 

In Texas in 1881, Mr. Stroble married 
Miss Mary Rinderer, who was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1S62. Mr. and Mrs. Stroble have 
become the parents of three children. Frank, 
Josephine and Frederick. In his political 
views Mr. Stroble is a republican, and he has 
ever been active in local party work and has 
served in the city council for the past four 
years. He and his family are members of 
the Catholic church. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Woodmen of the World 
and with the Fraternal Order of Eagles. He 
is also a member of the (ierman Society — 
tlie Deutcher Verein — and he has been presi- 
dent of the same ever since its organization. 

Mr. Stroble is very successful in the furni- 
ture and hardware business and has become 
one of the leading merchants of this town. 
He is highly honored throughout the city of 
Pendleton and has ever been a most active 
and helpful citizen in the country which he 
has chosen to make his home. 

SAM A. KOZER, who is the first deputy 
secretary of the state of Oregon, was appointed 
to the position immediately after the crea- 
tion of the office. He had previously proven 
his worth in other public connections and 
the ability and fidelity which he displayed 
recommended him for the appointment to 
the higher office. The steps in his orderly 
progression are easily discernible and indi- 
cate the fact that lie has seemed to have 
reached at any one point in his carper the 
utmost tliat "could have been attained at 
that point. lie was born at West Hill, Penn- 
sylvania, October 19, 1871, a son of George 
M. and Catherine Kozer. The mother died 
in the Keystone state when her son was 
but three years of age, but the father now 
lives in Portland. The son pursued his edu- 
cation in the public schools at Steelton, 
Pennsvlvania. and was graduated therefrom 
with the class of 1888. whi'n about sixteen 
years of age. During his school days he 
sold papers on the streets and did odd jobs 
of all kinds to help pay the expenses of his 



cured employment in the foundry of the big 
steel plant of the Pennsylvania Steel Com- 
pany at Steelton, and for eighteen months 
did manual labor, at the end of which time 
promotion placed him in an advanced posi- 
tion in the chemical laboratory of the com- 
pany. The opportunities of the west, how- 
ever, attracted him, feeling that in this 
great and growing Pacific coast country the 
possibilities for advancement were more 
sure. Accordingly he made arrangements to 
leave his old home and in June, 1890, 
came to Oregon. Here he accepted the first 
employment that oirire<l and began work 
on a farm at Gcarharl Park, where he also 
assisted in building the (iearliart Hotel, On 
the 1st of February, 1890, he secured a cler- 
ical position in the ofiice of F. I. Dunbar, 
county recorder at Astoria, and for six 
years thereafter was employed in the vari- 
ous county offices and also in the office of 
the Astoria Abstract, Title & Trust Com- 
pany. On the 1st of April, 1897, he accept- 
ed the position of bookkeeper with Ross 
Higgins & Company, which was the largest 
mercantile concern of Astoria. There he re- 
mained until .January 9, 1899. when he en- 
tered upon the political service that has 
eventually brought him to his present po- 
sition. At that date he went to ."^alem and 
became auditing clerk in the office of the 
secretary of state. His skill as an account- 
ant and office man, his industry and integ- 
rity won him the coiilidence and respect of 
the best business and professional people 
of Astoria and when Mr. Dunbar was elected 
secretary of state it was quite natural for 
him to give Mr. Kozer a position of respon- 
sibility in connection with the office. As 
auditing clerk he acquired a valuable knowl- 
edge of state affairs and when F. W. Henson 
succeeded to the office of secretary of state 
he appointed Mr. Kozer his chief clerk, in 
which capacity he continued from the 1st of 
January, 1907, until the 1st of March, 1909. 
At that date Mr. Benson, who had become 
governor ex officio, appointed Mr. Kozer aa 
insurance commissioner of Oregon and in 
that position he showed a splendid grasp of 
the complex problems of his ofiice, together 
witn constructive ability of a high order. 
In less than three years he succeeded in 
having enacted much beneficial insurance 
legislation and jilaced this important depart- 
ment on a high plane of elficiency and sta- 
bility, where it cominanda the respect and 
confidence of the public, the insurance com- 
panies and the departments of other states. 
Mr. Kozer continued in that position un- 
til he resigned to accept the appointment of 
deputy secretary of state under Hen W. 01- 
cott, who was named by Governor West to 
fill the vacancy in thi' office of secretary of 
state created by the death of Frank W. 
Henson and he was reelected in 1910 for a 
four years' term. Mr. Kozer enjoys the 
imique distinction of being not only the 
first insurance commissioner but also the 
first deputy secretary of state of Oregon, 
the latter position having been created by 
the legislature in 1911. 



270 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF OREGON 



In 1896 Mr. Kozer was married to Miss 
Nannie Belcher at Astoria. Tliey are well 
known socially in Salem and their con- 
stantly broadening circle of acquaintances 
brings them a constantly increasing circle 
of friends. 

GEORGE LINDSEY HORSMAN, a well 
known stockman of Umatilla county, was 
born in Shelby county, Illinois, November 6, 
1856. His parents were Joseph Tyell and 
Elizabeth Ann (Hall) Horsman, both of 
whom were natives of Shelby county. The 
maternal grandparents, Preston and Phoebe 
Hall, were pioneers of Illinois and both died 
in that state. The paternal grandparents, 
Joseph and Mary Horsman, were also pio- 
neers of Illinois, having removed there from 
Boston, Massachusetts. In their family were 
seven sons, as follows: Joseph Tyell, the 
father of the subject of this sketch; James, 
who died at Pikes' Peak, Colorado, while he 
was on his way to the gold fields; Eli; 
Cliarles; William; Thomas; and Frank. 
Joseph Tyell Horsman was captain of the 
Third Illinois Cavalry in the Civil war and 
died of typhoid fever while in active .serv- 
ice. He also had four brothers in the war, 
Eli, Charles, Thomas and William. After 
the death of Joseph Tyell Horsman, his 
widow was married again, her second union 
being in 1866, witli J. W. Corley. In 186S 
they removed from Illinois to Missouri, re- 
siding there until the spring of 1884, when 
they came to Umatilla county, Oregon, where 
they both died, she passing away in 1S90. 
Of her first marriage were born four chil- 
dren: William N., who was a detective for 
the Santa Fe Railroad and died in New Mex- 
ico in 1882; George Lindsey, of this review; 
John A., a sketcli of whom appears else- 
where in this work; and Charles H., who 
owns a fruit and dairy ranch near Centralia, 
Washington. By her second marriage the 
mother of our subject had two sons and two 
daughters. 

George L. Horsman remained in his native 
state until he was fifteen years of age, when 
he went to Texas, where he was employed on 
a cattle ranch until he was about twenty- 
eight years of age and there he became well 
known by all the cattle men. In 1885 he 
came to Oregon and, in partnership with his 
two brothers, engaged in the cattle-raising 
business, the firm being known as the Hors- 
man Brothers. Several j'ears later George 
L. Horsman and his brother, John A. Hors- 
man. purchased the interests of Charles H., 
another brother, and continued in the stock 
business until 1908, when George L., of this 
review, bought the interests of his brother 
John A., and ever since has remained in the 
stock business. He and his brother always 
kept on hand between two hundred and five 
hundred head of cattle. For the past two 
years (ieorgc L. Horsman has been in part- 
iicrslii|i with J. D. French and during the 
past year they handled over seventy-five 
thonsaiid dollars' worth of cattle. They carry 
(Ui thi'ir business umlcr the firm name of 
French & Horsman. While in business with 
his brothers Mr. Horsman was for two years 



superintendent and manager of the Scott 
Land & Cattle Company of Boise, Idaho, 
and he also sold horses for a Nebraska 
company part of one season. He is now one 
of the best known stock dealers of this 
county. 

In November, 1878. Mr. Horsman was 
united in marriage with Miss Mattie Parker, 
who was born in Newton countj', Missouri, 
in December, 1862. She died at Houston, 
Texas, in 1903, leaving a daughter, Etta 
May, who is now the wife of C. M. Reitz, a 
rice merchant of Hoviston, Texas. Mr. Hors- 
man has all his life been associated with the 
stock business and as a cowboy he has rid- 
den over the states of Kansas, Oklahoma, 
Texas, Wyoming, California, Utah, Idaho 
and Montana. He has passed through all 
the experiences of cowboy life, including that 
of learning how to cook, in which art he has 
become very proficient. Mr. Horsman's suc- 
cess in life is due to his .sterling qualities of 
mind and to a heart true to every manly 
principle. He has never deviated from what 
his judgment indicated to be right and hon- 
orable between himself and his fellowmen, 
and he has never swerved from the path of 
duty. By his honorable and straightforward 
character he has gained the confidence and 
respect of the entire community in which 
he lives and he is popular with all who know 
him. 

WILLIAM P. CHESHIRE is one of the 

early pioneers of Lane county, having been a 
resident of Eugene since 1860. He has the 
distinction of being one of the veterans of 
the Indian wars of 1855-6 and his name now 
has an honored place on the pension roll of a 
grateful government. He was born in the 
town of Rutledge. in the state of Tennessee, 
Novemlier 24. 1838, and is the son of Ed- 
mund and Rachel (Smith) Cheshire, his father 
being a native of Virginia, born not far from 
Richmond. He was a farmer by occupation 
from his earliest years and moved to Ten- 
nessee with his familv some time later in 
life. 

In 1849 he crossed the jilains to California 
in search of gold, which at that time was re- 
)iorted to abound in fabulous quantities along 
the rivers and in the mountains of the Golden 
state. Being a man strong in physique and 
ho]ie, with a willingness to endure hardships 
II nd apply himself to the hazardous occupa- 
tion of mining he was one among the thou- 
sands who was swept into California by that 
enthusLastic hunger for gold at that time 
which has since found its place in history 
under the name of the Gold Fever of '49. 
Leaving his family behind, with pick and 
spade and other accessory equipment he went 
forth to realize his dream for wealth. Hav- 
ing finally arrived at the diggings he began 
to seek the nuggets for himself and in this 
work was among the fortunate and success- 
fid miners. After spending some time in the 
miidng fields he returned to his family with 
a well filled purse, making the trip home by 
way of the Isthmus of Panama. After reach- 
ing home he later emigrated to Missouri, 
making his settlement late in the year 1850 




uii.i.i.VM I'. 1 iii.>iiii:i. 



/ 



THE CENTP:.\.\1AL history of OREGON 



273 



in CVdar county, that state, being at the time 
one of the tiist pioneers to establish their 
home in that county. Here he spent the re- 
maining years of his life, passing away 
August ;!1, ISGI, aged sixty-si.\. 

William P. Cheshire was reared at home 
and received his early eilucation in the com- 
mon schools. He inherited the spirit from his 
ancestors, and early accpiired the rudiments 
of that occupation by close application. As 
early as 1S54. he started in litV for himself 
and that year emigrated to Oregon, making 
his settlement at Kngene. in Lane county. 
On his arrival at Kugene there was only one 
store in the place engaged in the general 
merchandising business. This store was 
owned and operated by James Huddleston, 
from whom he obtained a position, but re- 
mained in this employ for one month only. 
He then sought his fortune in the mining 
fields in the Rogue river country and in Cali- 
fornia, mining throughout the entire district, 
working in the various mines and diggings 
whenever the tield ofTeretl the best and ipiiek- 
est returns for the time investc<l. In this 
occupation he continued until October, is.").'i. 
The secoiiil year after leaving Kugene and 
entering the mining fields the Indians of the 
Pacific coast and the far southwest dug up 
the tomahawk and started on the war])ath. 
This created wide spread disturbance among 
the settlers throughout Oregon and Califor- 
nia and at once the government called for 
volunteers to suppress the Indian uprising. 
Jlr. Cheshire enlisted in tliis Indian war in 
Company E, Captain William Lewis' Volun- 
teer Infantry. The hardships of this cam- 
paign were very great, consisting of scouting 
ami dilatory skirmishes along the mountain 
gorges and the swift running rivers, pursuing 
constantly by night and day, almost without 
rest. The campaign proved to be one which 
tested the metal of the white soldier in his 
efforts to bring to bay the noble red man of 
the plains and the untamed wilderness. Tbey 
succeeded, however, in forcing the Indians 
into two pitched battles and the command of 
Captain William Lewis, to which the subject 
of this review belonged, was engaged in the 
battle of Skull Bar and Hungry Hill. .\s n 
result of services rendered the government in 
the suppression of the Indian war he is now 
on the pension rolls of the government, re- 
ceiving his quarterly certificate as a reminder 
of the early days and the st niggles of long 
ago. .-\t the close of this Indian disturbance 
he again returned to his work in the mines, 
continuing to follow this business until ISfiO. 
During that year he abandoned the mining 
fields and returned to Eugene, where shortly 
after he was married. He then removed to 
Umatilla county, in this state, where he filed 
on a government claim and engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising. Here hi- con- 
tinued for the succeeding lour years. The 
condition of his wife's health finally com- 
pelled his removal from I'matilla county to 
San Francisco where he remained for one 
year. In \!^'7 he returned to Lane county and 
became a farmer for the year following. In 
1878 he took a band of sheep east of the 
mountains and gave his entire time to their 
Vol. 11—12 



care for a period of two years. At the e.\- 
piration of this time he ^old his entire hold- 
ings in the sheep industry and returned to 
Lane county and here he finally settled as 
an agriculturist specializing in hop growing, 
in which lie was very successful and in this 
line he continued for the following twenty- 
five consecutive years. Since 1911 he has 
been living retired. 

Mr. Cheshire chose as his life partner Miss 
Susan Baskett, a daughter of R. D. Baskett, 
her birth having occurred in Missouri. At 
tin- age of two years she came across the 
plains with her parents to Oregon. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Cheshire five children were born, 
three of whom are still living: Hr. Waldo 
Cheshire, a resident physician of Eugene; 
William, of Portland, this state; and Mattie, 
the wife of Abe Kelly, making their residence 
in Eugene. The mother died at her home in 
Lane county, at the early age of thirty-two. 
Her death occurred at the very period "of life 
when she was seemingly most needed as her 
husband's helpmate. Sir. Cheshire and his 
wife were in the very midst of their strong 
and successful years of life and together they 
liad established their home and' around their 
fireside their cliililreii looked to them for sup- 
port and protection. At the time of her 
death the prospects looked fair and promised 
much to this family. In the midst of this 
apparent contentment and joyous life the 
iii-crutablc wisdom of a wise providence 
called the mother of this family from her 
husband, leaving him widowed with tlii> care 
of her little children left behind. This ap- 
parent misfortune proved to be the most 
crushing blow thus far in the history of Mr. 
Cheshire's career. Though young he never 
again remarried and now in the evening of 
life the memory of his departed wife is still 
as fresh and keen as on the day when the 
happy bridegroom took that most sacred of 
all oaths to cherish and love and protect his 
bride until death should part them. This 
vow he faithfully kept during their man-ie<l 
years and still respects it as a sacred bond 
binding him in deathless memory to his de- 
parted wife, who is waiting in the land be- 
yond for his coming. 

William P. Cheshire is one of the mibstan- 
tial and inMiiential citizens of Ijine county. 
In ISSfi he was nominated to repri'si-nt Ijine 
county in the state legislature nn the ilemo- 
cratie ticket but was defeated on account of 
the distrii'l being strong republican. In ISUO 
he was nominated for county judge but again 
was defeated for the same reason, as the dis- 
trict has always been strong for the republi- 
can ticket. He is a prominent mason, be- 
longing to Eugene Loilge. No. II. A. F. * A. 
M.: Chapter No. 10; and Ivanhoe Commnnd- 
ery. No. 2. K. T. He is a Scottish Rite 
thirty-second degree mason and holds mem- 
bership in the Episcopal church, lie has been 
a<soi'lated with the growth and improvement 
of all the interests of this county for more 
than a i|iinrter of a century and during that 
time he has l>een known among his associates 
as a man of untarnished reputation ond 
choracter, oI«-ays ready to lend his assistance 
and influence in the promotion of all matters 



274 



THE CENTENNIAL HISTORY OP OREGON 



of interest, afifeetiiig the business and moral 
welfare of his county and state. 

POLK E. MAYS, who has been postmaster 
of Joseph since 1910, was born in Wasco 
county, this state, on the 2d of January, 
1879, and is a son of Benton and Lizzie 
(Parker) Mays. The parents are both na- 
tives of the state of Illinois, whence they 
crossed the plains to Oregon with their 
parents in childhood. The Mays family came 
west in 1853, locating in Lane county, but 
later removed to Wasco county, where the 
paternal grandfather acquired a large ranch. 
The Parkers came to the northwest sliortly 
after the Mays located here and settled in 
the Willamette valley, but later they, too, 
removed to Wasco county, and were living 
there when their daugliter became the wife 
of Benton Mays. After their marriage the 
young people settled on the Mays ranch and 
there they passed the first fourteen or fifteen 
years of their domestic life. In 1889, the 
father came to Wallowa county, purchasing 
a ranch on Swamp creek and engaging in 
stock-raising_ until 1900. Disposing of his 
place he subsequently removed to Lostine, 
going from there to Thee Dalles two years 
later. He has retired from active life and is 
now enjoying the case and comfort earned 
through well spent and intelligently direc- 
ted efforts and both he and his wife continue 
to make their home in The Dalles. 

Reared on his father's rancli, in the ac- 
quirement of an education, Polk E. Mays 
attended the public schools and the Portland 
Business College, being . graduated from the 
latter institution with the class of 1901. 
Returning to Lostine he became associated 
with his brother, 0. F. Mays, in establishing 
a hardware store that they conducted under 
the firm name of Mays Brothers. Although 
this proved to be a remunerative under- 
taking, they disposed of it at the expiration 
of a year to advantage, and engaged in 
the livery business there. In connection 
with their business they operated a ranch 
of one hundred and sixty acres, located a 
mile and a half from town. In 1904 they 
disposed of these interests and Polk E. Mays 
went to work for his uncle, Polk Mays, a 
prominent citizen of Wallowa county, 
assisting him in the operation of his large 
ranch located in the vicinity of Joseph. In 
the meantime he had qualified for the civil 
service examination, which he had success- 
fully passed, and in November, 190C, entered 
the government service in the capacity of a 
railway postal clerk. He served in this 
capacity for four years, resigning at the end 
of that time because he had been appointed 
postmaster of Joseph. For more than a year 
he has been identified with the latter office, 
discharging his duties in a manner highly 
satisfactory to the citizens at large. 

Mr. Mays is fraternally affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being a 
member of Lostine Lodge, No. 153. His po- 
litical views accord with the principles of the 
republican party, to whose candidates he gives 
his unqualified indorsement, but he has never 



actively participated in municipal aflfaira. 
He is highly regarded in Joseph and has 
many loyal and stanch friends among the 
business men. who appreciate his fine prin- 
ciples and upright standards. As a public 
official he has been found faithful and eflfi- 
cient, while his business transactions are 
conducted in such a manner as to leave no 
doubt as to his integrity and honorable in- 
tentions. 

L. S. MADDEN, M. D., who is engaged in 
the practice of medicine in Weston and is 
building his success upon broad and accu- 
rate knowledge of the scientific principles 
of medical practice, was born at Absecon, At- 
lantic county. New Jerse}', Januarv 1, 1885. 
His parents, E. H. and T. C. (Weeks) Mad- 
den, are natives of New Jersey, where they 
still reside. The father is a physician, hav- 
ing made the practice of medicine his life 
work. 

Dr. Madden of this review is one a fam- 
ily of eleven children, eight of whom are yet 
living. He resided with his parents until 
1906 and pursued his early education in the 
public schools of his native town, after 
which he attended the Peddle Institute of 
Hightstown, New Jersey, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1903. His 
broad literary learning served as an excel- 
lent foundation on which to build his pro- 
fessional knowledge, which was largely ac- 
quired in the Medico-Chirurgical College of 
Philadelphia, from which he was graduated 
in 1906. After a year's broad and beneficial 
experience in hospital practice he left the 
east and came to Oregon in 1907 and in 
June, 1909, settled in Weston, where he has 
since engaged in general practice. His 
standing with the profession is indicated in 
the fact that he has been honored with the 
vice presidency of the Eastern Oregon Dis- 
trict Medical Society. He is accorded a lib- 
eral practice and his work has been very 
gratifying in its results. 

In 1909, Dr. Madden was married to Miss 
Florence Porter, a native of Weiser, Idaho, 
and a daughter of 0. W. Porter. They have 
one child, Bertram S. Dr. Madden holds 
membership with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and has attractive social qual- 
ities, which render him popular, but he sub- 
ordinates all interests of his life to his pro- 
fessional duties, which are performed with 
a sense of conscientious obligation, produc- 
ing excellent results. 

CHARLES HADLEY. In Eugene few men 
are better known than Charles Hadley, who, 
having endured the burden and heat of his 
business day, has retired to private life, 
now residing at 133 East Eighth street. He 
was born in Lane county, Oregon, August 
15, 1854, a son of the Hon. Henry G. Had- 
ley, deceased, of whom further mention is 
made in this work. 

He was educated in the public schools and 

also attended Bishop Scott's Academy at