Skip to main content

Full text of "Centennial portrait and biographical record of the city of Dayton and of Mongomery county, Ohio"

See other formats

V » 


O > 

•* ,Q J 


V *«'<?' ^ a° *wiL'* -* 

4 o 

* • • * \ ' 

* V 

» ^ 


J. ** 



^ r 

•7^ -t\ 

* °' c\ 

0° ^. 

i Vr * 




./ \. % : ^ ** ' 

1 A 


V c\ 



rf • • 5 ^ > 

4 .0* 

y *u 






■•> . V 



«5 °^ 





^ 4° 

,* v 



Portrait and Biographical Record 

. . . OK 





Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, 





Edited by FRANK CONOVER. of Dayton, Ohio. 

A. W. BOWEN & CO. 




k*/^\ IOGRAPHY is the fountain head of history, as only the deeds of men 
\y\ form the true basis for a study of the rise and fall of nations. The 
achievements of the individual are beneath all historical events deserv- 
ing of record, and it therefore follows that the personal histories of the more 
active and prominent inhabitants of a county, such as are presented in this vol- 
ume, will give the best view of the growth and progress of that community, 
unbiased and veracious, and altogether devoid of false coloring. 

While portraits and biographical notices of some of the worthy settlers and 
a few of the prominent living residents of the county will be missed from these 
pages, the fault is not due to the publishers. Of the former many have passed 
away, of whom their descendants have no reliable information; while a number 
of the latter, not having a proper conception of the character of the work, failed 
to give the necessary data for the compilation of a sketch. 

In placing before the reader the Centennial Portrait and Biographical 
Record of the City of Dayton and Montgomery county, the publishers can con- 
scientiously claim that they have faithfully fulfilled every promise made in their 
prospectus, and they are confident that their efforts deserve and will receive the 
approbation of their patrons. 

A. W. BO WEN & CO., Publishers. 
August, 1897. 

& ■%•, 



Adams, J 29 

Adams, J. Q 45 

Arthur, C. A 117 

Buchanan, ] 80 

Cleveland, S. G 121 

Fillmore, M 72 

Garfield, J. A 113 

Grant, U. S 102 

Harrison, B 125 

Harrison, W. H 57 

Hayes, R. B 106 

Jackson, A 49 

Jefferson, T 33 

Johnson, A 98 

Lincoln, A 84 

McKinley, W 127 

Madison, J 37 

Monroe, J 41 

Pierce, F 76 

Polk, J. K 64 

Taylor, Z 68 

Tyler, J 60 

Van Buren, M 53 

Washington, G 25 


Adams, J 28 

Adams, J. Q 44 

Arthur, C. A 116 

Buchanan, J 81 

Cleveland, S. G 120 

Fillmore, M 73 

Garfield, J. A 112 

Grant, U." S 103 

Harrison, B 124 

Harrison, W. H 56 

Hayes, R. B 107 

Jackson, A 48 

Jefferson, T 32 

Johnson, A 99 

Lincoln, A 85 

McKinley, W 127 

Madison, J 35 

Monroe, J 40 

Pierce, F 77 

Polk, J. K 66 

Taylor, Z 69 

Tyler, J 62 

Van Buren, M 51 

Washington, G 24 


Allen, W 156 

Anderson, C 152 

Bartley, M 143 

Bartley, T. W 142 

Bebb, W 143 

Bishop, R 157 

Brough, J 150 

Brown, E. A 136 

Bushnell, A. S 163 

Byrd, C. W 131 

Campbell, J. E 162 

Chase, S. P 147 

Corwin, T 141 

Cox, J. B 153 

Dennison, W. J 148 

Foraker, J. B 160 

Ford, S 145 

Foster, C 159 

Hayes, R. B 154 

Hoadly, G 160 

Huntingdon, S 133 

Kirker, T 133 

Looker, 135 

Lucas, R 139 

McArthur, D 138 

McKinley, W 162 

Medill, W 146 

Meigs, R.J 134 

Morrow, J 138 

Noyes, E. F 154 

Shannon, W 140 

St. Clair, A 131 

Tiffin, E 132 

Tod, D 150 

Trumbull, A 138 

Vance, J 140 

Wood, R 146 

Worthington, T 136 

Young, T. L 156 



Ackeret, P. M 929 

Acton, E. L 355 

Adelberger, A 368 

Adkins, T. G 366 

Alhrecht, C 928 

Allaback, J 371 

Allaback, [. N 371 

Allaman, t> 295 

Allaman, D. W 295 

Allen, C. R 927 

Allen, D. H 927 

Allen, E 929 

Allen, G. V 873 

Allen, J 373-1276 

Allen,}. F '.131-1275 

Allen, J. M 373 

Allen, R 372 

Allen, R. N 372 

Allen, S. | 1276 

Allison, D. K 376 

Allison, J. C 375 

Allison, [. W 375 

Althoff, H 374 

Althoff, H. F 375 

Althoff, T. P 374 

Ambrose, W. J :;',', 

Ambrose. \V. M ;!77 

Anion, J 376 

Anderson, B 361 

Anderson, B. D ::sl 

Anderson, C. F 381 

Anderson. F 361 

Anderson, R. M 817 

Anderson, \Y. B 814 

Anderton.C, Sr 378 

Anspach, G 1177 

Anspach, J 1177 

Apple, H.. 1109 

Appleton, |. M 250 

Arnold, B. F 383 

Arnold, I) L303 

Arnold Family 1300 

Arnold, E., Miss 1301 

Arnold, H. H 1301 

Arnold, J 1176-1300 

Arnold, J. W 383 

Arnold, S 1300 

Aughe, C, Mrs 383 

Aughe, S. S 382 

Aughe, \V 382 

Aull Bro. Paper and 

Box Co 384 

Aull, F. N 385 

Aull, J. W 386 

Aull, W. J 385 

Bad us, T.J 386 

us, \v 386 

Baggott, |. H 391 

ott, W 391 

Bailey, II 1093 

Bailey, | 1093 

. N. B 1093 

Ba r, \. H I I m 

Baker. A. M 

Baker, B 1178-1279 

Baker, D 1111 

Baker, E. R 393 

Baker, G. P 1280 

Baker. 1 393 

Baker, |. L 393 

Baker, L 1279 

Baker, M 1178-127!) 

Baker, N 1178 

Baker, S 1173 

Banker, G. C 1044 

Banker, S 1044 

Barker, F. D 394 

Barker, L. D 394 

Barney, B 183 

Barney, E. E 183 

Barney, E. J 240 

Basore, D 941 

Basore, G 941 

Bates, D. L 395 

Bates, H 395 

Bates, 1 892 

Bates, i. 11 387 

Bates, L. C 398 

Bat< s, Ns D 398 

Bates, O. E 387 

Bates, R 892 

Bates, R. H 396 

Bates, \Y. 1 892 

Baum, C 930 

Baum, P 930 

Baumann, R. O MHO 

Beachler, G. W 931 

Beachler, H 932 

Beachler, J 931 

Bear, H 1285 

Bear, S. D 243 

Beardshear, ('■ 1230 

Beardshear, 1 1267 

Beardshear,). F 1230 

Beardshear, W. M...1268 

Beaver, F. P.. - . 500 

Beck, C 396 

Bei k, H 1110 

Beck, J 285 

Beck, J. S 285 

Beck, S lllo 

Bei k, S., Sr lllo 

Beck, W 396 

Becker, H 933 

Becker, H. J 402 

Becker. 1 933 

Beeghly.W. E 500 

Bell, |.'X 397 

Berlin, C 368 

Beyl, 1 1281 

Bevl, S 1281 

Bickham, W. D 403 

Billings, F. M 404 

Billings, T 404 

Billington, A. A 725 

Binkley, J 934 

Binklev, J. A 934 

Binkley, N 937 

Binkley, S 935 

Binkley, S. H.... 935-936 

Birch, J 512 

Bittinger, F. D 494 

Bixler, G 1229 

Bixler, S 1229 

Black, G. A 938 

Black, W. A 938 

Blakeny, VV. J 280 

Blocher. W. L 910 

Blum, J 406 

Blum, J. F 400 

Blumenschein, W. L. 300 
Bohlender, E. E.... 413 

Bohlender, P 413 

Bonner, C. A 518 

Bonner, J. N 518 

Booher, D. L 1202 

Booher, J 892 1202 

Booher, S 892-1202 

Bookwalter, B. F.... 939 

Bookwalter, I) 940 

Bookwalter, 1 940 

Bookwalter, W. S... 939 

Boomershine, A 1288 

Boomershine, C. L. .1289 

Boomershine, D 1287 

Boomershine, H.. . . 1287 

Boone, D 411 

Boren, J. W ........ . 412 

Boren, W 412 

Bothast, J 414 

Bouck, O. L S7:l 

Bowersox, A. L 287 

Bowersox, G. A 288 

Bowles, F. K 942 

Bowman, J 1107 

Bowser, P" 1131 

Bradford, E., Mrs... 1291 

Bradford, G.G 1289 

Bradford, T 1290 

Bradford, J. 1 1291 

Bradford, S. J 1289 

Brandt, 1„ Jr 943 

Brandt, J., Sr 943 

Breene.F. S 418 

Brehm, H 944 

Brehm, H. P 944 

Breidenbach, C. H.. 415 
Breidenbach, D. G.. 415 

Brenner. F 899 

Brenner, M 899-1222 

Bridgman, F 1094 

Bridgman, T. ..1083-1094 
Bridgman, W. H. H..1083 

Brookins, X. H 874 

Brookins.R. R 874 

Brown, E. F 261 

Brown. J. A 944 

Brown, M. C, Mrs... 945 

Brown, O. B 261 

Br. mil, O. G 945 

Brownell, F 388 

Browned. ]. R 388 

Brubaker, J. T 1296 

Bruestle, C 1113 

Bruestle, H. C 1113 

Bruestle, J Ill:: 

Brumbaugh, C 1230 

Brumbaugh, b L210 

Brumbaugh, G 1231 

Brumbaugh, H 1-51 

Brumbaugh, J 040 

Brumbaugh, J. H.. ..1210 
Brumbaugh, J. K... . 946 
Brumbaugh, J. R....1251 
Brumbaugh, S..1230-1252 

Bruner, b 1240 

Bryant, L. M 410 

Bryant, W 416 

Buechler, J 1113 

Buehner, C 948 

Buehner, J 947 

Buehner, J. F 948 

Buehner, J. M 948 

Buehner, 949 

Bunker, 1 418 

Bunker, X. R 418 

Burkert, E. F 417 

Burkhardt, F. J 422 

Burkhardt, J. A 224 

Burkhardt, R. P 224 

Burns. R. W 950 

Burtner, A. K 950 

Burtner, J 950 

Butler, J.'J 425 

Butt, ]. W 423 

Butt, R 423 

Butt, R. R 423 

Butz, C. A 301 

Butz, L 300 

Butz, L. C, Miss 360 

Butz, L. M., Miss.... 360 
Butz, V. M., Miss.... 360 

Buvinger, E. E 318 

Buvinger, G. W 315 

Buvinger, H 321 

Byron, J. W 425 

Callahan, W. A 330 

Callahan, W. P 190 

Carmony, J 1269 

Carney, A. C 443 

Carr, S. H 278 

Carroll, J 920 

Carson, 1. L L297 

Carson. R 1296 

Caten.F 231 

Caten, \V. L 230 

Catrow. G.C 952 

Catrow, X. 1 952 

Catrow. P 952 

Cellarius, H 524 

Cellarius, H. F. E... 524 

Chamberlin, S 288 

Chamberlin, W. B... 287 

Childs, B. B 201 

Chrisman, C. N 433 

Clagett, S. M 1112 

Clagett, S.G 1112 

Clay, A 951 



Clay, A. K 951 

Clemmens, A 427 

Clemmens, F. C 437 

Clemmens, F. N 432 

Clemmens, H 432 

Clemmens, J 42? 

Clemmens, W.T.... 432 

Clemmer, J 1084 

Clemmer.W 1084 

Cline, J. C 310 

Coblentz, E 434 

Coe, A 530 

Coe, E. H 530 

Coffman, C. J 438 

Coffman.J 438 

Coler, C. A 1282 

Coler, J 1282 

Collins, C 4:!7 

Collins, J 4:;t 

Compton.F. M 457 

Conover, O. B 428 

Conover, F 4: 14 

Cbnover, \V 428 

Cook, H 548 

Cook, 1 his;.- lira 

Cook.W 1085 

Cooper, C. A 444 

Cooper, I) 444 

( oover, A. 1 1180 

Coover. E., Mrs 1181 

Coover, J 1181 

Coover, J. M 1267 

Coover, J. Q.A 1267 

Coover, M. J 1181 

Corbin, L 899 

Corns, C. F 439 

Cotterman, W .... 1132 

Cowden, R 445 

Cox, J. M 1146 

Coy, L 1191 

Craig-, Z. A 467 

Craighead, |. B 273 

Craighead, S 909 

Craighead, \V 273 

Crandall, H. A 284 

Crandall, 1 284 

Crauder, H 953 

Crauder, J 953 

Crawford, A 536 

Crawford, C. H 536 

Crawford, W. H 466 

Crawford, Z 536 

Creager, J 1085 

Creager, J. C 1085 

Creager, J. P. .. 1085-1308 

Creager, W 1308 

Crider, P 1146 

Cripe. D 1114 

Cripe, 1., |r 1114 

Crist, 1 1302 

Crook, C 922 

Crook, G 923 

Crook, T 922 

Crook, W 923 

Crooks, J. C 44? 

Crooks, T.J 447 

Crosbv, J..' 111-". 

Crosby, R 1115 

Crosby, W. A 1115 

Crull, H 1261 

Crume, J. C 222 

Crume, W. E 222 

Culbert, E 954 

Cummin, R. 1 238 

Cummin, W 239 

Cuppy, H 1252 

Cuppy.J 1252 

Cusick.'T. M 1179 

Dale, C. W 449 

Dancyger, 1 449 

Dancyger, L 449 

Dancyger, S 44*.< 

Darrow, | 875 

Darrow, P. Mrs 876 

Darrow, \Y. L 875 

David, 1 1091 

Davidson, J 229-1183 

Davidson, ]., Mrs ...lis:; 

Davidson, O. E 165 

Davidson, O. G. H... 465 

Davis, C. M 454 

Davis, L. N 453 

Davisson, O. F 229 

Davisson, H., Mrs . . 230 

Davisson, J 230 

Daw. 1 455 

Davy, W 155 

Dayton (."dirge of 

Music 360 

Dean, D. A 157 

Deardorf, J 1161 

DeBra.D 458 

DeBra, J. F 458 

Degger, J 464 

Degger, J. J 459 

1 *egger, J. L 464 

Delawter, J 1131 

Denise, J. S 463 

Denise, W 463 

Denlinger, A. A 1086 

Denlmger, I . . . .705- Hiss 

Dennick, Bros 554 

Dennick, H 559 

Dennick, J 554 

Denn ck, W 554 

Dennis, H. W 881 

Dennis, M.J 881 

Densmore, A 468 

Densmore, W.....V . 468 

Detrick, A 955 

Detrick, J. J 955 

Detwiler, J 1209 

Dhein, A 465 

Dickev, A 252 

Dickey, R. R 252 

Diehl, E 956 

Diehl, 1 956 

Diers, A. J. F 468 

Disher, C. 1309 

Disher, M 1309 

Disher, P 1309 

Ditzel.F 562 

Ditzel, J. F 562 

Dodds, C. W 958 

Dodds, L 959 

Dodds, W 958 

Dohner, A. D., Miss.. 999 

Dohner, 1 999 

Doren, J. G 47(1 

Drayer, G 1141 

Drill, G. W 1298 

Drill, J. W 1297 

Drury, M. R 488 

Drurv, M. S 4SS 

Duckwall, H 1244 

Duckwall, W 1244 

Dupuv, T 4S5 

Dustin, C. W 239 

Dustin, M 239 

Eagle, P 959 

Eagle, P. W '.'.v.i 

Earlv, 1 960 

Early, J 960 

Earnshaw, L. P 466 

Earnshaw, M. A., Mrs. 232 
Earnshaw, W. . . .231^466 

Earnst, M. F 1089 

Earnst, S 1089 

Ebert, J. M 469 

Ebling, G. M 961 

Ebling, J 961 

Eby, A..' 965 

Ebv, C 1090 

Eby, G 962 

Ebv, J.. 962-963-965-1 1 mo 

Ebv, T. P 962 

Ebv, W 1090 

Eby, W. S 96:; 

Eckhardt, G 1116 

Eckhardt, H. L 1116 

Ecki, F 492 

Ecki, W. H.H 492 

Eckstine, C 474 

Edgar, M. Miss 588 

Edwards, G. W 474 

Eichelberger, D 832 

Eichelberger, T. D.. 832 

Elder, T 346 

Elliff, C. W 475 

Elliott, H 1?:-; 

Elliott, W 173 

Emert, A 964 

Emert, D 964 

Eminger, A. J 966 

Eminger, C. F 966 

Ensev, D 884 

Ensey, J 884 

Ensley, G 1117 

Enslev, J 111? 

Enslev, J. L 1117 

Erbaugh.A 1096 

Erbaugh, G 1095 

Erbaugh.1 1091 

Erbaugh, J 1091 lour. 

Erbaugh, S 1095 

Epplev, C. S 476 

Eppley, H. C 176 

Euchenhofer, E. E. . 338 
Euchenhofer, F. H 339 

Evans, J 1299 

Evans, M 1298 

Evans, R 1299 

Evans, T. P 460 

Ewry, B 967 

Ewry, 1 967 

Ewry, W 967 

Fabing, M 968 

Fair, C 322 

Fair, E. S 322 

Falkner.L 968 

Falkner, L., Sr 96s 

Falknor, C. W 1120 

Falknor.L 1120 

Fansher, L. M 486 

Fansher, W 486 

Fansher, \V. 1 187 

Farrell, T. J 888 

Easold, E.. 440 

Fay, A 497 

Fay, W. E 497 

Feight, A. G 571 

Feight, F 

Feight, H. E 278 

Feight, 1. G 568 

Ferneding, H. 1 482 

Fiorini, PI 481 

Flack, P 187 

Flack, W.H 487 

Fleck, C. M 193 

Fleck, E. L 193 

Fleming, Z. D 499 

Fletcher, J. R 500 

Flory, A.". 1119 

Florv, H 1119 

Florv, J. B 1119 

Flotron, J. R •- 

Foos. J.. 229 

Forney, A 11.18 

Forney, C 1118 

Forrer, S 309 

Fowler, A 866 

Fox, D. B 970 

Fox, D. C, Jr 970 

Fox, 1 969 

Fox. L 969 

Fox, T.S 969 

Francis, A 911 

Francis, O. E 911 

Frank, A 971 

Frank, J 503 

Frank, J. L. H 257 

Frank, L 971 

Frantz. A 1121 

Frantz, D 1097-1121 

Frantz, H 1097-1121 

Frantz, 1 1097 

Frantz, M 1300 



Freigau, C 321 

French, G. W 1121 

French, S. L 1120 

Freudenberger, M . . . 504 

Frohmiller, J. B 512 

Fromm, C 505 

Fromm, C, Sr 505 

Fry, E.A 511 

Fry, H. A 511 

Gaddis, M.P 218 

Gaddis, T. P 218 

Galbraith, A. S 343 

Galbraith, N 344 

Galloway, | 509 

Galloway, "I. G 509 

Ganger, G 1215 

Garber, 1 972-1088 

Gardiner, H 1122 

Gardiner, H.E. ... 1122 

Garlaugh, A 1124 

Garlaugh, H 1124 

Garlaugh, H. A 1123 

Garrett, F. C 578 

Garrett, J 578 

Garrison, D 1098 

Garrison. 1 1098 

Gebhart, A 1124 

Gebhart, G. A 516 

Gebhart, G. H 516 

Gebhart, G. S 975 

Gebhart, H 1125 

Geiger, G. H 517 

linger, J 973 

Geiger, L 517 

Gem City Stove Co.. 522 

George, L 584 

George, S. F 584 

Gephart, E. A 974 

Gephart, G. S 975 

Gephart, J 973 

Gephart, J. M 973 

Gephart, M. 975 

Gerlaugh, A 518 

Gerlaugh, J. A 518 

Gerlaugh, J. H 517 

Getter, A. T 1126 

Getter, G 1125 

Geyer, J 528 

Gilbert, A 1232 

Gilbert, J 1231 

Gilbert, P. E 352 

Gilbert, T 1232 

Ginn, C 528 

Gish, A 1182 

Gish, C 1182 

Gish, M 1182 

Goetz, F. J 523 

( '. lhue, G 264 

1. A 540 

Gottschall, J 296 

Gottschall, O. M. ... 296 

Graf, 11. P, 975 

Grausei , C 529 

Grauser, CO 529 

Green Family 345 

Grim. A. H..' 533 

Groby, D 976 

Groby, H 977 

Groby. S 977 

Grove, G. A 977 

Gruver, A 978 

Gruver, 1 978 

Gummer, A. M 522 

Gummer, CM 522 

Gummer, H. R 522 

Gunckel, L. B 195 

Gussler, J. L 534 

Gussler.S. B 534 

i '.winner, F 979 

Haas, W. E 546 

Haas, W. F 535 

Hackney, J. D 545 

Hacknev. W. W.... 545 

Haeseler, E 590 

Haeseler, E. C 590 

Haeussler, J 542 

Haeussler, W. G 541 

Hagedorn, H 547 

Hagedorn, L. P 547 

Hahne, C [ 211 

Hahne, J. A 548 

Hahne, J. F 212-551 

Haines, A 1237 

Haines, D. A 177 

Haines, I. C 1237 

Hale, W. A 551 

Hall. C.J 559 

Hall, C. S 552 

Hall, 1 552 560 980 

Hall, J. A 980 

Hall, J. F 571 

Hall, J.N 553 

Hall, V. E 571 

Hall, W 552 

Halteman, C 567 

Halteman, E. C 567 

Hamilton, E 561 

Ha mm, D 566 

Hamm, E. F 566 

Hammel, J 980 

Hammel, S 1126 

Hammel, W 1126 

Hand, J 566 

Hand, J. M 565 

Hanley, E. W 482 

Hansbarger.A 1099 

Hargrave, B. F 572 

Harker, H. K 572 

Harley, A 981 

Harley, R 981 

Harley, R., lr 982 

Harries, J. W 573 

Harter, M. G 620 

Harter, S. K 620 

Hartranft, U.C 574 

Hartshorn, J. 575 

Hartzell, A 1126 

Hartzell, J 1126 

Hassler.C M 421 

Hathaway, B. F 576 

Hathaway, F... 576 

Hawker, F 576 

Hawker, W. S 576 

Hawthorn, J 577 

Hawthorn, W. S 577 

Heathman, E 240 

Heathman, G. W.. .. 240 

Heck, D 1128 

Heck, D. L 1128 

Hecker. I. H 581 

Hecker.L.E 581 

Heckman.D 983 

Heckman, W 984 

Heeter, E., Mrs 1259 

Heeter.S 1258 

Heidi nger, [. C 1188 

Heikes.R. O 582 

Hendrix, 1 1254 

Hendrix, J. M 1254 

Hendrix, W 1254 

Henkel.G.C 1129 

Henkel, P 1129 

Hepner.H 1239 

Hepner, J 1239 

Hepner, J. A 1238 

Herbruck, E 897 

Herby, C 588 

Herman, H 984 

Herman, H. M 984 

Herr, H 987 

Herr, S 986-987 

Herr, S. L 986 

Herrman, E. A 589 

Herrman, T. B 588 

Hershev, B. F 332 

Hershey, J. ..332-987 988 

Hickev, I" 590 

Hickev, P 589 

Hikes,' J 463-963 

Hiller, J 600 

Himes, B 594 

Himes, J. E 594 

Hoban, J 583 

Hoch, J 1070 

Hochw'alt, A. F 595 

Hochwalt, G 595 900 

Hochwalt, G. A 900 

Hoffman, G 1286 

Hoffman. J 985-1286 

Hoffman, L. F 1286 

Hoffman, W. H 985 

Holbrook, J. H., Miss 360 
Holderman, J. G.... 989 
Holderman, J. W.... 989 

Hollencamp, H 609 

Hollencamp, H. H.. 609 

Hollenkamp, T 595 

Holy Trinity Congre- 
gation 523 

Hook, J 1192 

Hoops, D 1130 

Hoops, E 1130 

Hooven, J 596 

Hooven, W. E 596 

Hoover, J 887 

Hoover. <). P 887 

Hoover, S. W 885 

Hoover, \V. I. T.... 887 

Horner, E. L 272 

Horner, G 1210 

Horner, 1 272 

Horner, W 1211 

Horning, J 272 1131 

Horning, S 1234 

Horning, W 1234 

Hosier, R 1298 

Houk.G 1132 

Houk, G. W 894-1132 

Hous, A 990 

Hous, G 990 

Hous. G. W 990 

Hous, 1 1099 

Howell. |. M 1133 

Howell, L 1133 

Howell, W. F 1133 

Hubler, G. W 991 

Hubler, M 991 

Huddle. D 936-1162 

Huffman, D. C 612 

Huffman, W 598 

Huffman, W. P 507 

Hughes, J. R 204 

Hughes, T. E 294 

Humerickhouse, J .. .1137 

Hunt, E 992 

Hunt, H. C 992 

Hunter, C 1134 

Hunter, 1 1134 

Hunter, J. B 330 

Huston, M 1099 

Huston, W 1099 

Hutchins, O. P 600 

Hvre, A 1100 

Hyre, M 1100 

Ridings, A. H 599 

Irvin.^A 289 

Irvin, H. A 289 

Irvin, J. B 289 

Irvin. O. \V 895 

Israel, B 604 

Israel, H 604 

Izor, D 1134 

Izor, J 1134 

Jackson, I. L 1212 

Jackson, S 1212 

James, F. E 604 

James, \V 604 

Jenner, A 605 

Jenner, A. E 606 

Jenner, H. G 606 

Jennings, E. 258 

John, A 1094 

John, J 876-1136 

Johns, J 1200 

Johns, L. W 1135 

Johnson, R. T 609 



Johnston, J. R 340 

Jones, D 611 

Jones, E (ill 

Jones, W. D 616 

Jones. W.J 615 

Jordan, N. W 1090 

Judy, C 993 

Judy, J 993 

Judy, S 993 

Kaiser, H, \Y 354 

Kamrath, C. F 612 

Kaufmann, J 616 

Kauffman, F 995 

Kauffman, J 994 

Kauffman, T.J 995 

Kauffman, W. 1 996 

Kayler, B 1187 

Keener, 1) 1136 

Keener. J 1136 

Keener, S. B L136 

Kellner, C 621 

Kellner.C.G 621 

Kellner, J 621 

Kemp, D 618-1139 

Kemp, G. W 1137 

Kemp, J 618-1138 

Kemp, L... tils 1138 1139 

Kemp, W. H 1139 

Kemper, C. S 378 

Kemper, P. A 315 

Kemper, W. H 619 

Kennedy, G 1140 

Kennedy, G. C 334 

Kennedy, J 334, 1140 

Kennedy, J. W 299 

Kennedy, W 921 

Keplinger, D. K 1277 

Kersting, F 995 

Ketrow, J 1141 

Ketrovv, R 1141 

Ketrow, R. J 1141 

Keyser, D 324 

Kevser, L. S :!'_'4 

Kidder, \V. S 619 

Kimmel, A 1255 

Kimmel, A. B 911 

Kimmel, C 354 

Kimmel, C. F 911 

Kimmel, D 626-1255 

Kimmel, E. F 354 

Kimmel, H. S 625 

Kimmel, J. P 1101 

Kimmel, L 1101 

Kimmel, M 626-1255 

Kinder, C. E 997 

Kinder, J. E 997 

King, C. S 026 

King, J 1155 

King, W 1176 

King, W. B 626 

Kinnard, W. M 622 

Kinsey, D 1272 

Kinsey, J 1257-1272 

Kinsey, S 1257 

Kinsey, W. N 1256 

Kissinger, H 631 

Kittredge, A. M 277 

Klepinger, F 997 

Klepinger, G 114:'. 

Klepinger, H... .627-1143 

Klepinger, | 998 

Klepinger, P. M.. . 640 

Kline, J. H 633 

Kline, R. E 633 

Knecht, I L142 

Knee, [. 1184 

Koeppel, 1 999 

Krauss, L 1000 

Krauss, L. S 1000 

Kreitzer, |. W 639 

Kreitzer, P 1258 

Kreitzer, W 1258 

King, B lool 

Krug, G 638 

King, G. F 638 

Krug, H 1001 

Kuhnle, F. | 261 

Kuhnle, P. A lom; 

Kuhnle, T 1006 

Kumler, A. W 299 

Kumler, D 1309 

Kumler, H 1309 

Kunkle, F.J 261 

Kunnike, C 1185 

Kunnike, L 1185 

Kunnike, T 1185 

Kuntz, J K37 

Kuntz, \V 637 

Kurtz, C. S 1001 

Kurtz, L. S 1001 

Kurtz, P 1001 

Lalon, J 1151 

Landis, A. 1002-1122 1186 

Landis, A. M 100'.' 

Landis. C. W 1186 

Landis, D 1144 

Landis, J 1040 

Landis, J. M... 1186 

Larkin, D. C 221 

Laughlin, C.W 1145 

Laughlin, J 1146 

Laughlin, S 1145 

Lautenschlager, G. C 634 

Leasher, B 995 

Lefevre, I ; 1004 

Lefevre, J 1005 

Lefevre, J. N 1003 

Lefevre, W. H 1004 

Leis, H 1242 

Leis.J.P 1006 

Leis, P 1242 

Leis, W 1006 

Leisenhoff, E 1009 

Leisenhoff, F 1009 

Lenz, J. P 641 

Leopold, C. W 628 

Leopold, G. M 628 

Lewis, J. K 362 

Lewis, I. K., Mrs 362 

Lewis, H.W 641 

Lewis, T. M 362 

Lewis, W. D 362. 

Lienesch, T. H 642 

Light, E.. 644 

Light. G 450 

Light, J 450, 644 

Lindsey, T. C 643 

Lindsey.W 643 

Lindermuth, S 1005 

Lindermuth, T 1006 

Lingle, IJ 1101 

Linxweiler, I.. Jr. . . 263 
Linxweiler, J., Sr. . . . 263 

Loesch, H 1013 

Logan, J. M 649 

Logan, S. M 649 

Long, D 1260 

Long, H 1102 

Long, I L260 

Lorenz, E 351 

Lorenz, E. S 896 

Loucks, M 047 

Loucks, S. C, Mrs.. . 648 
Lounsbury, O.W., |r. 639 
Lounsbury.O. \V.,'Sr. 639 

Loury, F 268 

Loury, E. R. M.,Mrs. -'71 

Lucius, C. A 251 

Lucius, C. A.. Si ... . 251 

Lyon, E. B 650 

Lyons, H. B 1011 

Lyons, T.V., ]r 1011 

Lyons, T. V., Sr ....1010 

McCally, A 634 

McCally, 1. R 034 

McCann, B 875 

McCarter, J 1012 

McCarter, j. J loll' 

McCarty, R. J 640 

McClellan, W 653 

McCov, 1 796 

McCoy, M 796 

McCray, A 1014 

McCray, O 1014 

McCray.S lol4 

McDermont, D 655 

McDermont, S. B.. .. 654 

MacGregor, C 655 

MacGregor, R 655 

McGregor, f 331 

McGregor, T 331 

Mclntire, ]. K 208 

Mclntire, S 208 

McKee, C. J 308 

McKemy, W 656 

McKemy, W. D 656 

McKeown, J. VV 659 

McMahon, J. A 193 

Macy, A 920-1019 

Macy, D 910 

Macv Family 915 

Macy.G 918 

Macy, I '.117 

Macv, J OKi 

Macv, P 915 

Macy, S 919 

Macy, T 916, 1019 

Marshall. E., Mrs.... 661 

Marshall, | 660 

Marshall, J. W 662 

Marsh, ill, YV. C 660 

Martin, D. M 663 

Martin, E 227 

Martin, U. S 663 

Martin, YV. H L"_'7 

Martindale Family. .1304 

Martmdale, [ '...1305 

Martindale, J. A 1304 

Martindale, S...1292 1304 
Martindale, W.L.. 1292 

Mathews, (',. M 301 

Mathews, J 301 

Mathias, | 664 

Mathias, |. F 664 

Matthews, A. G 665 

Matthews. E. P 323 

Matthews, YV. G ... 665 

Mays, S 1015 

Mays, S. H 1016 

Mays,W. A mi:, 

Mease, L. 1019 

Mease, L. W 1019 

Mecklev, B 1187 

Meckley, C 1187 

Meckley, H 1147 

Mehlbert, B 669 

Mehlbert, L 669 

Meienberg, A 1016 

Mellinger, G. W... .1021 
Mendenhall, A. L.. .. or,.", 

Merkle, C 666 

Merkle, F.C 666 

Merkle, J. C 670 

Mescher, B 908 

Mescher, J 908 

Metzger, B 1147 

Metzger, H 1147 

Metzger, ] 1147 

Meyer, C 1022 

Meyer, C, Sr 1022 

Meyer, H. C 070 

Meyer, H.W 671 

Meyer, J 070 

Meyer, J. J 1148 

Meyer, L 747 

Meyer, M 1148 

Meyer, P 670 

Meyers, H. W 675 

Mevers, J 1024 

Meyers, J. R 675 

Michael, J 1216 

Michelon, C 349 

Miller, A 1271 

Miller, B 1144 

Miller, D 1144-1271 

Miller, D. R 683 

Miller, 1). W 672 




Miller, G. C 677 

Miller.G. W 677 

Miller, 1 1240 

Miller, I., Sr 1240 

Miller, [....305 072 1271 

Miller, J. C 077 1271 

Miller, J. A 305 

Miller, W. H 684 

Mills, I. I. T 205 

Mills, J. V 1023 

Mills, W 102:; 

Mills. \V. M 205 

Minnich, I 682 

Minnich, S. A 682 

Mitchell, L 1024 

Moist, 1 1025 

Moist, "1. F 102:. 

Mooney, W 688 

Moone'y, W. T 688 

Moore, 1. K„ Mrs... . 876 

Moran, M 685 

Morgan, J. M 684 

Morrison, 1 271 

Morrison, W 268 

Mull. J 685 

Mull. R 685 

Mumma, H 1140 

Mumma, 11. C .... 1141) 

Mumma, J. H 1140 

Mundhenk, D. G....1192 

Mundhenk, F 1192 

Mundhenk. W. S 1192 

Mundorff, A 877 

Mundorff, |. W 877 

Munger, E 1213 

Munger, S. S., Miss. .1213 

Munger, W 1213 

Murphy, B. S 694 

Murphy, F. W 687 

Myers, C 1150 

Myers, E 1150 

Myers, G. C 691 

Myers, 1 1024 1214 

Myers, M 1150-1214 

Nat , T 1259 

Ni der, G 687 

Neff, A 1236 

Neff, 1 1236 

Neff, M 1236 

Negley, I. C 201 

Negley, W. H 207 

Neiffer, C 693 

\. iffer, |. G 692 

Nelhs, A. S. B 901 

Nelson, F. S 1026 

Kevin, K 242 

Ni \ in, R. M 242 

h, L 1027 

Ni m -in, E 1102 

Newcom, E. F 1102 

New o i 1 . \\ .... 317 

Newcomer, j 311 

Newsalt, A. 312 

Nil r, II. G 69] 

Nu-r, N. S... 691 

Niswonger, G 1076 

Niswonger, J. D. ...1028 

Niswonger, O. P 1028 

Nixon, A. H 693 

Nixon, 1 693 

Nolan, H. F 678 

Nolan, M. P 078 

Nonas, S 1212 

North, 1) 1305 

North, G 1306 

North, S. F 1305 

Nutt, J. M 697 

Oates. A. K 0,07 

Oblinger, D. L 1020 

Oblinger, E. C 1029 

Oblinger, G 1029 

O'Connor, 1 888 

O'Donohue, R 698 

Oehlschlager, F 705 

Oehlschlager, J. F... 705 

Oldfather, S.. .' 1135 

Oldt, G 1102 

Oldwine, W 1113 

Olinger, ). K 1272 

O'Neill, C 703 

O'Neill, J. P 699 

O'Neill, W 703 

i fWill. W. S 703 

I Hikst, D. A 704 

Onkst, W 704 

Ortman, B 1150 

Ortman, H 1150 

i Isness. A. M 713 

( isnoss, M 713 

Otter, 1. 706 

( >tter, "F. J 706 

Owens, G. B L030 

Owens, I. S 1030 

Ozias. G. W 7oo 

Pansing, B. J 1028 

Pansing, |. H 1028 

Pansing, W. H 1032 

Pardonner, J. A 311 

Pardonner, J. H Mil 

Pardonner, W. S.... 312 

Parrott, H. W 708 

Parrott, \\\, Jr 708 

Parrott, W., Sr 708 

Patrick, A 1007 

Patterson, C. L 707 

Patterson, J. C 353 

Patterson, "1. H 171s 

Patterson, R 913 

Patterson, T. N 714 

Patterson, W. J... 707 71s 

Pattison, T. N 714 

Pattv. 1 560 

Paullus, J 456 

Pease, C. E 290 

Pease, G 1032 

Pease, H 290 

Pease, P 7no 

Pease, P. R 709 

Peiffer, J. R 1241 

Pierce, H. F - 309 

Peirce, I 309 

Peirce, J. E 305 

Pence, j. H 305 

Peirson, J 1151 

Peirson, P. W 1151 

Pettit, A 717 

Philipps, C 715 

Piatt, J 1034 1195 

Piatt, J. B 1033 

Piatt, \V 1104 

Pierson, A 918 

Pine, C 1104 

Pine, S 1105 

Plander.G. A 1104 

Plander, f. H 1104 

Plocher, A 716 

Plocher, 1 716-1034 

Pond,G.F 724 

Poock, A. H 41S 

Poock, F.L 408 

Poock, L. H 408 

Porter, Mary, Mrs. . . 237 

Pote, A....: 1101 

Pote, [. C 1191 

Pote, M 1191 

Powell, C. F 1152 

Powell, 1 720 

Powell, J. C 1152 

Powell, W. G 720 

Powers, A. B 725 

Powers, 1 725 

Price, [.. 1234 

Prinz, 1 891 

Prinz. J. H 891 

Priser, J. W 1106 

Priser, M 1106 

Priser, P 1106 

Pritz, I. A 72.". 

Prugh, C 1036 

Prugh, 1 726-1035 

Prugh, J. W 720 

Prugh, T. 1 1035 

1'rvor, E. 727 

Puis, J 1153 

i Oiance, A 1193 

Quance, S. S 1194 

Ouinn, J. F 72S 

Quinn, M. E 728 

Ralston, J. H 1026 

Ramsey, N. P 7H7 

Randall, H. E 736 

Rasor, D 1215- 1217 

Rasor, H 1218 

Rasor, 1 1215 1217 

Rasor, P 1215 

Ratcliffe, J 720 

Raymond, C. W. . . . 868 

Raymond, G. M 868 

Reed, H. N 1154 

Reed. 1 1264 

Reed, P 1154 

Reel, J 1155 

Reel, P 1155 

Reeve, J. C 195 

Regan, E. D 734 

Regan, T 734 

Reiche, G. 1 7:;:. 

Reillv, D. G 736 

Reiter, I. H 1037 

Reiter, W. L 1036 

Renner, J 7MS 

Requarth, H. W 738 

Reynolds, W. H 1216 

Rhoades.J 1158 

Rhoades, W 1158 

Rice, C, Mrs 1038 

Rice, F 1037 

Rice, 1 1038-1156 

Rice, J. A 74M 1156 

Rice, N. H 743 

Rice, W 1038 

Richman, D 1107 

Richman, \V 1107 

Riegal, D 1242 

Riegel, F.J 1156 

Riegel, J 1242 

Rilev, H 744 

Rison, J 1039 

Kison.P 1039 

Ritchie, A. T 744 

Ritchie, J. B 744 

Rittenhouse, J 1209 

Ritty, B ' 748 

Ritty, 1 748 

Robertson, 1 1042 

Robertson, J. S 1042 

Robinson, E. P 710 

Robinson, J. A 740 

Robinson, W 710 

Robinson, \V. A. ... 740 

Rock, J 740 

Rock, W. S 740 

Rogers, ] 1040 

Rogers, J. J lo4o 

Rogers, R 1040 

Rogge, H 318 

Rohrer.C 1041 1157 

Rohrer.D 1042 

Rohrer, J 1202 

Rohrer, J. H 1041 

Rohrer, M 1 151 

Rowe, C. E 328 

Rowe, W.H 328 

Rouzer, J 470 

Rouzer, M. J.. Mrs.. . 470 
Rubsam. H. 1281 

Sage, H. H 720 

St. Mary's Institute. . 747 

Salisbury, C. \V 752 

Salisbury, J. A 7. r >'> 

Salisbury, 'I. N 752 

Sandridge, P 750 

Savler, J 1219 

Sayler, R 1219 




Schaefer, F 753 

Schaeffer, J 1043 

Schaeffer, J. C 1044 

Schaeffer, J. H 1043 

Schaeffer, M. B 1043 

Schaeffer, W. H....1044 

Schath, A. J 360 

Schell, A. C 1045 

Schell, D. P 1159 

Schell, H 1045,1159 

Schell, J 1045, 1150 

Si lirllhaus, L 1047 

Schenck, J. F 219 

Schenck, R. C. . .171-277 

Schenck. W. C 171 

Schlosser.M 1197 

Schlosser.S.... 1194-1197 

Schneider. J 11147 

Schoenfeld, H 1046 

Schreiber, P 1047 

Schuberth, H. C 1048 

Schuberth, W 1048 

Schwind, C 755 

Schwind, E. J 755 

Sears, F. H S44 

S< ars, J.G 842 

Sears, P 842 

Sears, S 842 

Sears, S., Mrs 843 

Selz, C 74n 

Sri/. T. A 74(1 

Seybold, I L206 

Seybold.J.G 1206 

Shank, A 1040 

Shank, H 1049 

Shank, J 1050 

Shank, J. A 1040 

Shank, J. W 1049 

Shank, N 1050 

Shank, P 1148 

Shauck, E 200 

Shauck, J. A 200 

Sheets, D 1130 

Shepherd, G 750 

Shepherd, G. E... . 756 
Shepherd, S.Nellie.. 398 

Sheer. C.J 482 

Sheverling, A., Miss.. 1186 

Shiveley, C, [r 1160 

Shiveley, O.G 1160 

Shoe, B. F 1196 

Shoe, J 1196 

Shoemaker, 1 762 

Shoemaker, W. W . . 762 

Shriver, 1. W 1180 

Shroyer, B. D 765 

Shroyer, E 765 

Shroyer, G. W 757 

Shroyer, J 757 

Shrover, W 705 

Shry, A 761 

Shry, A. H 761 

Shuey, A 188 

Shuey, F 1051 

Shuey, J 1052 

Shuey, L 1051 

Shuey, W. J 188 

Shuler, H 1052 

Shuler, W 1052 

Shultz, E 1053 

Simonds, A. A 206 

Simonton, A 1054 

Simonton, C. A 1054 

Sinclair, D. A 176 

Sloan, J 921 

Smart. A. F 307 

Smart, A. M 307 

Smith, A 1055 

Smith, A.J 772 

Smith, D. L 700 

Smith, H 023-1101 

Smith, H. A 773 

Smith, J 700 772 923 

956 1055 L170 1203 

Smith, I. A 765 

Smith, J. \V 1101 

Smith, L. R 1199 

Smith, P 1199 

Smith, R 705 

Smith, S. B 270 

Smith, T. J- S 270 

Snead, J. A 771 

Snead, R. C 771 

Sneller. A 1056 

Snepp, D. J 1056 

Snepp, J L056 

Snepp, J. T 1057 

Snyder, C. F 249 

Snyder, E. N 774 

Snyder, F 249 

Snyder, G 506 

Sollenberger, D. P.. 1251 

Sortman, G 730 

Sortman, H. B 775 

Sortman, J. W 73o 

Souders. J 1307 

Sunders. S 1 .' !< >7 

Sparks, E 770 

Sparks. W. E 770, 

Spatz, J.J 913 

Spatz, S 913 

Spear, D ",',': 

Spear, M. L 777 

Spinning, D. C 181 

Spitler, D 1021 

Spitler. E.W 1278 

Spitler, J 1261 1277 

Spitler, J. M 1061 

Spitler, N. E 1061 

Spitler, S 1061-1261 

Sproule, R 1122 

Stainrook, C. A 781 

Stainrook, D 7 y l 

Stalev, H. J 783 

Staley, J. C 782 

Stamm, J. H 1062 

Stark & Weckesser.. 826 

Starr, C. A 768 

Starr, G. B 768 

Steel, J 175 

Steel, R. W 175 

Stein, L 783 

Stein, R 783 

Stetson, C. W 786 

Stetson, F. A 786 

Stettler, D 1062 

Stettler, J. J 1002 

Stewart, J. R 785 

Stewart, T. L 783 

Stiver,"J. C 1063 

Stiver, S., Jr 1003 

Stiver, S., Sr 1063 

Stiver, W 1064 

Stockslager, 1 1274 

Stockslager, J 1275 

Stoddard, E. F 788 

Stoddard, H 787 

Stoddard, J. \V 202 

Stomps, G 758 

Stoppelman, J. H.... 7 V 'J 
Stoppelman, P. H.. .. 789 

Straub, J 791 

Straub, J., Sr 791 

Strong, J.. Sr 1292 

Sunderland, A . . . . 792 

Sunderland, J 1198 

Sunderland, R 1263 

Sunderland, W 1263 

Sunderland, W. P... 792 

Sutter, A.. Mrs 704 

Sutter, F.I 794 

Sutter, L 794 

Swank, 1 1162 

Swank, N 1162 

Swadener, S 1309 

Swartzel, A 1243 

Swartzel, J 124:; 

Swartzel, M 124:; 

Swartzel, P 1205 

Tanner, M. L 853 

Tanner. \Y. (', 853 

Teeter, A 1164 

Teeter, S 1164 

Teetor, 1 1238 

Terwilhger, C. 1 792 

Theobald, H., Jr.... 801 
Theobald, H., Sr.... 801 

Thomas, A 804 

Thomas, C 1163 

Thomas, C. R 807 

Thomas, E. 802 

Thomas, H. E 803 

Thomas, [..283 1163 127:; 

Thomas, J. B 283 

Thomas,]. H 796 

Thomas, N 795 

Thompson, C, Mrs. .1277 

Thompson, E 

Thompson, H. A.... 805 

Thompson, J „ 805 

Thompson, J. F 878 

Thompson, J. R 808 

Tobias, D 1212 

Tomlinson, W. H... 806 

Tomlinson, W. R... 806 

Treon, C 1004 

Treon, H. P 1064 

Treon, 1 1065 

Trone, J 809 

Trone, S. D 808 

Troxel, P 1007 

Troxel, P. H 1066 

Troxel, R 1067 

Tucker, T 810 

Tucker, T. E 810 

Turner, D 1201 

Turner, F. L 810 

Turner, J. C 811 

Turner, L H 1200 

Turner. W 811 

Turpin, J 812 

Ullery, S 1115 

Ulm.'D 1067 

Ulm, H. B 1067 

Umbenhaur, \V 1165 

Underwood, 1 1268 

Underw 1. J. W. . . .1268 

Vaile, 1 302 

Vaile.J. H 302 

Van Ausdal, C... 184-188 

VanAusdal, 1 184 

Van Cleve, B 176 

Van Clevc W 170. 

Vaniman, J 972-1231 

Van Riper. W. H.... 818 

Vaughan, H 813 

nan. L.H 813 

Wagner, C 1068 

Wagner, P 1166 

\\ agner, T. M loos 

Wagner, W 1166 

Waitman, S 1167 

Waitman, 1 1167 

Wallace, W 1256 

Walter, M 350 

Walters, E 217 

Walters, J. A 217 

Wampler, D 1255 

Wampler, 1 1220 

Want], lei', W 1255 

Warlord, C. H 819 

Warner, G 11 OS 

Warner, J 110,8 

Warner, J. 1168 

Warrington, G. O.. .. 333 

Watrous, E. R Ma 

Watrous, W 819 

Watson, E 820 

Watson. E. E 820 

Watson, I. W 820 

Waymire, I) 1069 

Wavmire, J 1069 

Weakley, E. T 356 

Weakley, H. H 356 

Weaver, D 1169 

Weaver, F. C 214 




Weaver, F. T. G.... 82] 

Weaver. G 1070 

Weaver, G. W 1071 

Weaver, H 1070 

Weaver, f., 821 902 

'. 1069-1170 

Weaver, J.I 1156 

Weaver, ]. | 1170 

Weaver, J. M 213 

Weaver, }. S 213 

Weaver, P 1236 

Weaver, S. H 1169 

\\ r.n er, W 1072 

Weaver, W. P 1072 

Webber, C 1073 

Webber, L. H 345 

Webber, T 345 

Wehb.rt, H 322 

Webbert, M :i22 

Webster, E 267 

Webster, F 268 

\\ i bster, 1 267 

Webster, T 267 

Webster, W 265 

Weckesser, A. A.... 826 

Weglage, F. W 823 

W< glage, H 823 

Wehner. A S-J4 

Wehner, M 824 

Weidner, P 824 

Weinman, C. F 825 

Weinman, C. H 825 

Weinman, C.J 829 

Weinreich, D 836 

Weinreich, E 836 

Wells, E. T 827 

Wells, S 1203-1264 

Wells, W 1203 

Wells, W. J 827 

Welsh, J 1171 

Welsh, "W. 1) 1H7:I 

Welsh, W. S 1171 

Wenger, A 1077 

Wenger, C In;:, 

Wenger, J 1075 

Wenger, J., Sr 1074 

Wenger, 'L 1077 

Wenger, S 1074 

Wenger, W 1172 

Werkmeister, F .... 830 

Werthimer, M 350 

W.rts. D 1078-1 'J 10 

Wert/, 1 1H7S 

Wessel, B 1173 

Wessel, H 117:1 

West, J 1201 

Weston, E. B 337 

Weston, J. G :!:i7 

Wet/el, I) 901 

Whalev, A 835 

Whaley, J. C 335 

Whealen, C 333 

Whitcomb, R s:',l 

White, A. C 844 

White, J. R s:!7 

White. X 840 

White, P. W 840 

White, W.J 837 

Wiggim, A 1174 

Wiggim, S 1174 

Wiihelm, D 1223 

Wilhelm, F 1222 

Wiihelm, J 1222 

Will, J. G 841 

Will, J. G., Sr 841 

Will.T 845 

Will. T., Sr 845 

Williamson, A.M... 846 

Williamson, 1 846 

Williamson, M. E... 847 

Wilson, B 1221 

Wilson, 1 1221-1222 

Wilson, I. B S47 

Wilson, | 1070 

Wilson, j.R 1079 

Wilson, M.E 233 

Wilson, T. B 233 

Wilson, W. C 1070 

Wilt, A. D 274 

Wilt, 1 274 

Winchell, W. 1 848 

Winder, J. H 849 

Wine, D. D 854 

\\ me, J. M 853 

Winter, T S-"»4 

Winter, W.J 854 

Winters, J. C 855 

Winters, L. W 855 

Wolf, J. W 835 

Wolfe, M 856 

Wollenhaupt, H.A.. 857 
Wollenhaupt, W.F.. 857 

Wolpers, C. O 1081 

Wolpers, H 1081 

W 1. E. M 199 

Wood, G. H 857 

Woodhull, J 241 

Woodhull, M 241 

Work, A 859 

Work, E. W 255 

Work, F. M 858 

Work, J 256 

Work, |. W 256 

Wormon, D 1224 

Wormon, H 1223 

Wormon, S . 1223 

Wortman, J. A 860 

Wright, J. A 863 

WrigmvM 861 

W right, R 863-1127 

Wunderlich, F 863 

Wunderlich, H 863 

\\ ysong, C Hoc, 1175 

W \song, S 1175 

Yenny, T 864 

Vike.'D 1108 

Young, A. T 866 

Young, D 1080 

Young, D. W 1080 

Young, E. S 234 

Young, G.M 234 

Young, G. R 244 

Young, II 866 

Young, J. F 866 

Young, W. H L'44 

Yount, C 1240 

Yount, J 1 251 I 

Yount, G 1240 

Yount, J 1125-1250 

Yount, S 1200 

Zehring, A 1082 1204 

Zehring, B 1204 

Zehring, C 1204 

Zehring, J 1309 

Zehring, L 1082 

Zehring, L. H 1082 

Zehring, P 1082 

Zeil, O. 867 

Zeil, O., Jr 867 

Zeller, A. 1058 

Zeller. J 1058 

Zeller, W. S 1058 

Zimmerman, A. J ... . 1092 

Zimmerman, B 865 

Zizert, C 871 

Zizert, J 871 

Zwick, E 542 

Zwick, H 324 

Zwick, W.G 343 

Zwiesler, A 867 

Zwiesler, C 867 

Zwissler, J. E 872 


Allen, C. R 926 

Anderson, W. B 815 

Bates, NsD 399 

Beaver, F. P 507 

er, H 933 

Beeghly.W. E Mil 

Berlin, C 369 

Birch, J 513 

Bittenger, F. D 405 

Bixler, G L226 

Bixler, Mrs. G 1227 

Bonner, i A .",10 

Brown. O. B 915 

Brownell, J. R 389 

Burkhardt, R. P 225 

Callahan, W. P 191 

Cellarius, H 525 

Coe, E. H 531 

Coler, C. A 1283 

Conover, F 435 

Conover, W 429 

Cook, H 549 

Coover, J. Q. A 1266 

Crawford, C. H 537 

Crawford, W. H 466 

Davisson, O. F 228 

Dennick, H 555 

Dennick, W 556 

Dickey, R. R 253 

Ditzel, J. F 563 

Doren, J. G 477 

Drurv, M. R 489 

Duckwall, W 1240 

Duckwall, W., Mrs.. 1247 

Dustin, C. W 915 

Eichelberger, T. D.. 833 

Elder.T 347 

Evans, T. P 461 

Farrell, T. J 889 

Fasold, E 441 

Feight, I. G 569 

Frank, j. L. H 257 

Garrett, F. C 579 

George, S. F 585 

Gottschall, O. M . . . 297 

Haeseler, E. C 591 

Hanlev, E. W 483 

Heidinger, J. C 1189 

Hiller, J 601 

Hollencamp, H 608 




Houk, G. W 895 

Huffman, D. C 613 

Irvin, 0. W 915 

Jennings, E.. . . 
Johnston, J. R.. 


Kemper, C. S 379 

Kennedy, G. C 335 

Kinnard, W. M 623 

Kuhnle, T 1007 

Kumler, A. W 915 

Lautenschlager.G. C. 635 

Leopold, G. M 629 

Lewis, J. K 363 

Light, E 645 

Light, J 451 

Loury, F 269 

Lyon, E.B 651 

McCarty, R.J 640 

McCoy, M 797 

Mclntire, J. K 209 

McKemv, W. D 657 

Martin, \V. H 226 

Martindale, W. L...1293 

Mease, L. W 1018 

Merkle, F. C 667 

Merkle, |. C 670 

Miller, D.W 673 

Mooney, W. T 689 

Murphy, B. S 695 

Newcom, G 788 

Newsalt, A 313 

Nolan, M. P 679 

Ozias, G. \V. 


Patterson, J. H 179 

Patterson, R HI;; 

Pease, C. E 291 

Poock.A. H 419 

Poock, L. H 409 

Raymond, C. W 869 

Robinson, E. P 711 

Rogge, H 319 

Rouzer, J 471 

Sage, H. H 721 

Schenck, R. C 170 

Schenck, R. C 276 

Sears, S , . 843 

Sears, S., Mrs 843 

Selz, T. A 741 

Seybold, J 1207 

Shauck, J. A 915 

Sortman, J. W 731 

Starr, C. A 769 

Steele, R. \V 17.", 

Stoddard, J. W 203 

Stomps, G 759 

Thomas, J. B 282 

Thompson, E 879 

Tanner, W. G 852 

VaileJ. H 303 

Van Ausdal, 1 185 

Van Cleve, B.. .'. . . . 177 

Walters, J. A 216 

Weakley, H. H :::,7 

Weaver, J no:; 

Young, E. S 235 

Young, G. R 246 

Young, W. H 247 

/el lei. W. S 1059 

Zwick, E 543 

Zwick, H 325 

Dayton Public Library 824 

Newcom's First Log Cabin 789 

Newcom's Tavern 789 

Steele High School Building 806 






■ ^\ in Westmoreland county, Va. , Febru- 
^Lj ary 22, 1732. His parents were 
Augustine and Mary (Ball) Washing- 
ton. His great-grandfather, John Washing- 
ton, came from England to Virginia about 
1657, and became a prosperous planter. He 
had two sons, Lawrence and John. The former 
married Mildred Warner and had three children, 
John, Augustine and Mildred. Augustine, the 
father of George, first married Jane Butler, 
who bore him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached maturity. 
Of six children by his second marriage, George 
was the eldest, the others being Betty, Sam- 
uel, John Augustine, Charles and Mildred. 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed 
an estate on the Potomac, afterward known 
as Mount Vernon, and to George he left the 
parental residence. George received only 
such education as the neighborhood schools 
afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instructions 
in mathematics. 

He was an acknowledged leader among his 
companions, and was early noted for that 
nobleness of character, fairness and veracity 
which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had 

a desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposi- 
tion of his mother the idea was abandoned. 
Two years later he was appointed surveyor to 
the estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years. In 175 1, though only 
nineteen years of age, he was appointed ad- 
jutant with the rank of major in the Virginia 
militia, then being trained for active service 
against the French and Indians. Soon after 
this he sailed to the West Indies with his 
brother Lawrence, who went there to restore 
his health. They soon returned, and in the 
summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did 
not long survive him. On her demise the estate 
of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as 
lieutenant-governor of Virginia, in 1752, the 
militia was reorganized, and the province 
divided into four military districts, of which 
the northern was assigned to Washington as 
adjutant-general. Shortly after this a very 
perilous mission was assigned him. This was 
to proceed to the French post near Lake Erie 
in northwestern Pennsylvania. The distance 
to be traversed was between 500 and 600 miles. 
Winter was at hand, and the journey was to 
be made without military escort, through a 
territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he came near 



losing his life, yet he returned in safety and 
furnished a full and useful report of his expe- 
dition. A regiment of 300 men was raised in 
Virginia and put in command of Col. Joshua 
Fry, and Major Washington was commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel. Active war was then begun 
against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In 
the memorable event of July 9, 1755, known 
as Braddock's defeat, Washington was almost 
the only officer of distinction who escaped 
from the calamities of the day with life and 
honor. The other aids of Braddock were dis- 
abled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In 
a letter to his brother he says: "I had four 
bullets through my coat, and two horses shot 
under me, yet I escaped unhurt, though death 
was leveling my companions on every side." 
\n Indian sharpshooter said he was not born 
to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken direct 
aim at him several times, and failed to hit 
him. After having been five years in the 
military service, he took advantage of the fall 
of Fort Duquesne and the expulsion of the 
French from the valley of the Ohio, to resign 
his commission. Soon after he entered the 
legislacure, where, although not a leader, he 
took an active and important part. January 
J 7. 1759. he married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) 
Custis, the wealthy widow of John Parke 

When the British parliament had closed 
the port of Boston, the cry went up through- 
out the provinces that "The cause of Boston 
is the cause of us all." It was then, at the 
suggestion of Virginia, that a congress of all 
the colonies was called to meet at Philadel- 
phia, September 5, 1774, to secure their com- 
mon liberties, peaceably if possible. To this 
congress Col. Washington was sent as a dele- 
gate. On May 10, 1775, the congress re- 
assembled, when the hostile intentions of Eng- 

land were plainly apparent. The battles of 
Concord and Lexington had been fought. 
Among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the colo- 
nial forces. This high and responsible office 
was conferred upon Washington, who was still 
a member of the congress. He accepted it on 
June 19, but upon the express condition that 
he receive no salary. He would keep an exact 
account of expenses and expect congress to 
pay them and nothing more. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disad- 
vantage, and while his forces often met with 
reverses, yet he overcame every obstacle, and 
after seven years of heroic devotion and match- 
less skill, he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On December 23, 1783, 
Washington resigned his commission as com- 
mander-in-chief of the army to the continental 
congress sitting at Annapolis, and retired im- 
mediately to Mount Vernon. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected president. In his presidential 
career he was subject to the peculiar trials in- 
cidental to a new government; trials from lack 
of confidence on the part of other govern- 
ments; trials for the want of harmony between 
the different sections of our own country; trials 
from the impoverished condition of the coun- 
try, owing to the war and want of credit ; trial 
from the beginnings of party strife. 

At the expiration of his first term he was 
unanimously re-elected. At the end of this 
term many were anxious that he be re-elected, 
but he absolutely refused a third nomination. 
On the fourth of March, 1797, he returned to 
his home, hoping to pass there his few remain- 
ing years free from the annoyance of public 
life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with 
France. At the prospect of such a war he was 
again urged to take command of the armies. 
He chose his subordinate officers and left to 




them the charge of matters in the field, which 
he superintended from his home. In accepting 
the command he made the reservation that he 
was not to be in the field until it was neces- 
sary. In the midst of these preparations his 
life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he 
took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflam- 
mation, and terminated fatally on the night 
of the 14th. On the 18th his body was borne 
with military honors to its final resting place, 
and interred in the family vault at Mount 

The person of Washington was unusually 
tall, erect and well proportioned. His features 
were of a beautiful symmetry. He commanded 
respect without any appearance of haughtiness, 
and was ever serious without being dull. 

>yOHN ADAMS, the second president 
J and the first vice-president of the 
/• 1 United States, was born in Braintree, 
now Quincy, Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. His 
great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of 
eight sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and Susannah 
(Boylston) Adams. His father was a farmer 
of limited means, to which he added the busi- 
ness of shoemaking. He gave his eldest son, 
John, a classical education at Harvard college. 
John graduated in 1755, and at once took 
charge of the school in Worcester, Mass. This 
he found but a "school of affliction," from 
which he endeavored to gain relief by devot- 
ing himself, in addition, to the study of law. 
For this purpose he placed himself under the 
tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
was well fitted for the legal profession, pos- 
sessing a clear, sonorous voice, being ready and 
fluent of speech, and having quick perceptive 

powers. In 1764 he married Abigail Smith, a 
daughter of a minister, and a lady of superior 
intelligence. Shortly after his marriage ( 1 765) 
the attempt of parliamentary taxation turned 
him from law to politics. He took initial steps 
toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 
tions he offered on the subject became very 
popular throughout the province, and were 
adopted word for word by over forty different 
towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and prom- 
inent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the general court (the 
legislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 
gates from Massachusetts to the first conti- 
nental congress, which met in 1774. Here he 
distinguished himself by his capacity for busi- 
ness and for debate, and advocated the move- 
ment for independence against the majority of 
the members. In May, 1776, he moved and 
carried a resolution in congress that the colo- 
nies should assume the duties of self-govern- 
ment. He was a prominent member of the 
committee of five appointed June 11, to pre- 
pare a declaration of independence. This 
article was drawn by Jefferson, but on Adams 
devolved the task of battling it through con- 
gress in a three days' debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was passed, he wrote a letter to his 
wife which, as we read it now, seems to have 
been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be 
decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these 
United States are, and of right ought to be, 
free and independent states.' The 4th of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the 
history of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations, 



as the great anniversary festival. It ought to 
be commemorated as the day of deliverance 
by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. 
It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, 
games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illu- 
minations from one end of the continent to the 
other, from this time forward for ever. You 
will think me transported with enthusiasm, but 
I am not. I am well aware of the toil, and 
blood and treasure, that it will cost to main- 
tain this declaration, and support and defend 
these states; yet, through all the gloom, I can 
see the rays of light and glory. I can see 
that the end is worth more than all the means; 
and that posterity will triumph, although you 
and I may rue, which I hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was ap- 
pointed a delegate to France to co-operate 
with Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who 
were then in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain 
assistance in arms and money from the French 
government. He left France June 17, 1779. 
In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself 
in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as 
the British cabinet might be found willing to 
listen to such proposals. He sailed for France 
in November, from there he went to Holland, 
where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England 
was signed January 2 1 , 1783. The re-action 
from the excitement, toil and anxiety through 
which Mr. Adams had passed threw him into 
a fever. After suffering from a continued 
fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the 
waters of Bath. While in England, still 
drooping and desponding, he received dis- 
patches from his own government urging the 
necessity of his going to Amsterdam to nego- 
tiate another loan. It was winter, his health 

was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, 
he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, congress appointed 
Mr. Adams envoy to the court of St. James. 
Here he met face to face the king of England, 
who had so long regarded him as a traitor. 
As England did not condescend to appoint a 
minister to the United States, and as Mr. 
Adams felt that he was accomplishing but lit- 
tle, he sought permission to return to his own 
country, where he arrived in June 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen presi- 
dent, John Adams, rendered illustrious by his 
signal services at home and abroad, was 
chosen vice president. Again at the second 
election of Washington as president, Adams 
was chosen vice president. In 1 796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr Adams 
was elected president, though not without 
much opposition. Serving in this office four 
years, he was succeeded by Mr. Jefferson, his 
opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was vice president the 
great French revolution shook the continent 
of Europe, and it was upon this point which 
he was at issue with the majority of his 
countrymen led by Mr. Jeffarson. Mr. Adams 
felt no sympathy with the French people in 
their struggle, for he had no confidence in 
their power of self-government, and he utterly 
abhorred the class of atheist philosophers who 
he claimed caused it. On the other hand 
Jefferson's sympathies were strongly enlisted 
in behalf of the French people. Hence origi- 
nated the alieniation between these distin- 
guished men, and two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson led the other in sympathy with 
France. In 1824, his cup of happiness was 
filled to the brim, by seeing his son elevated 
to the highest station in the gift of the people. 




The 4th of July, 1826, which completed 
the half century since the signing of the Dec- 
laration of Independence, arrived, and there 
were but three of the signers of that immortal 
instrument left upon the earth to hail its 
morning light. And, as it is well known, on 
that day two of these finished their earthly 
pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as to 
seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and, on the 
4th, he found himself too weak to rise from his 
bed. On being requested to name a toast for 
the customary celebration oi the day, he ex- 
claimed "Independence forever." When 
the day was ushered in, by the ringing of bells 
and the firing of cannons, he was asked by 
one of his attendants if he knew what day it 
was? He replied, " Oh, yes; it is the glorious 
Fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you 
all." In the course of the day he said, "It is 
a great and glorious day." The last words he 
uttered were "Jefferson survives." But he 
had, at one o'clock, resigned his spirit into the 
hands of his God. The personal appearance 
and manners of Mr. Adams were not particu- 
larly prepossessing. His face, as his portrait 
manifests, was intellectual and expressive, but 
his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncour- 

>HOMAS JEFFERSON, third presi- 
dent of the United States, was born 
April 2, 1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle 
county, Va. His parents were Peter 
and Jane (Randolph) Jefferson, the former a 
native of Wales, and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six daughters and 
two sons, of whom Thomas was the eldest. 
When fourteen years of age his father died. 
He received a most liberal education, having 
been kept diligently at school from the time 

he was five years of age. In 1760 he entered 
William and Mary college. Williamsburg was 
then the seat of the colonial court, and it 
was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, 
lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and was much caressed by gay society, 
yet he was earnestly devoted to his studies', 
and irreproachable in his morals. In the 
second year of his college course, moved by 
some unexplained inward impulse, he discarded 
his horses, society, and even his favorite violin, 
to which he had previously given much time. 
He often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard 
study, allowing himself for exercise only a run 
in the evening twilight of a mile out of the city 
and back again. He thus attained very high 
intellectual culture, and excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult 
Latin and Greek authors he read with facility. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began 
the study of law. For the short time he con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession he rose 
rapidly and distinguished himself by his energy 
and acuteness as a lawyer. But the times 
called for greater action. The policy of 
England had awakened the spirit of resistance 
of the American colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained 
soon led him into active political life. In 1769 
he was chosen a member of the Virginia house 
of burgesses. In 1772 he married Mrs. 
Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, wealthy and 
highly accomplished young widow. 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shad- 
well, there was a majestic swell of land, called 
Monticello, which commanded a prospect of 
wonderful extent and beauty. This spot Mr. 
Jefferson selected for his new home; and here 
he reared a mansion of modest yet elegant 
architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
became the most distinguished resort in our 



In 1775 he was sent to the colonial con- 
gress, where, though a silent member, his 
abilities as a writer and a reasoner soon be- 
came known, and he was placed upon a num- 
ber of important committees, and was chairman 
of the one appointed for the drawing up of a 
declaration of independence. This committee 
consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Rob- 
ert R. Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, 
was appointed to draw up the paper. Frank- 
lin and Adams suggested a few verbal changes 
before it was submitted to congress. On June 
28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 
1776. What must have been the feelings of 
that man — what the emotions that swelled his 
breast — who was charged with the preparation 
of that declaration, which, while it made 
known the wrongs of America, was also to 
publish her to the world, free, sovereign and 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor 
to Patrick Henry, as governor of Virginia. At 
one time the British officer, Tarleton, sent a 
secret expedition to Monticello, to capture the 
governor. Scarcely five minutes elapsed after 
the hurried escape of Mr. Jefferson and his 
family ere his mansion was in possession of 
the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excite- 
ment and in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to congress in 
1783. Two years later he was appointed 
minister plenipotentiary to France. Return- 
ing to the United States in September, 1789, 
he became secretary of state in Washington's 
cabinet. This position he resigned January 1, 
1794. In 1797, he was chosen vice president 
and four years later was elected president over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as vice president. 
In 1804 he was re-elected with wonderful 
unanimity, and George Clinton, vice president. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second 
administration was disturbed by an event 
which threatened the tranquility and peace of 
the Union; this was the conspiracy of Aaron 
Burr. Defeated in the late election to the 
vice presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the 
plan of a military expedition into the Spanish 
territories on our southwestern frontier, for the 
purpose of forming there a new republic. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second 
term for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, 
he determined tQ retire from political life. 
For a period of nearly forty years, he had 
been continually before the public, and all 
that time had been employed in offices of the 
greatest trust and responsibility. Having 
thus devoted the best part of his life to the serv- 
ice of his country, he now felt desirous of 
that rest which his declining years required, 
and upon the organization of the new adminis- 
tration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
ever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

The 4th of July, 1826, being the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of 
the Union for its celebration, as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to 
add to the solemnity of the occasion, invited 
Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, and one of the 
few surviving signers of the Declaration, to 
participate in their festivities. But an illness, 
which had been of several week's duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled 
him to decline the invitation. 

On the 2d of July, the disease under 
which he was laboring left him, but in such a 
reduced state that his medical attendants en- 
tertained no hope of his recovery. From this 
time he was perfectly sensible that his last 
hour was at hand. On the next day, which 
was Monday, he asked, of those around him, 
the day of the month, and on being told that 




it was the 3d of July, he expressed the earnest 
wish that he might be permitted to breathe 
the air of the fiftieth anniversary. His prayer 
was heard — that day, whose dawn was hailed 
with such rapture through our land, burst 
upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a 
noble life ! To die on that day, — the birth of 
a nation — the day which his own name and 
own act had rendered glorious; to die amidst 
the rejoicings and festivities of a whole nation, 
who looked up to him, as the author, under 
God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 
Almost at the same hour of his death, the kindred 
spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear him 
company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, 
rather above six feet in height, but well formed; 
his eyes were light, his hair, originally red, in 
after life became white and silvery; his com- 
plexion was fair, his forehead broad, and his 
whole countenance intelligent and thoughtful. 
He possessed great fortitude of mind as well 
as personal courage; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate 
friends never recollected to have seen him in a 
passion. His manners, though dignified, were 
simple and unaffected, and his hospitality was 
so unbounded that all found at his house a 
ready welcome. In conversation he was fluent, 
eloquent and enthusiastic; and his language was 
remarkably pure and correct. He was a 
finished classical scholar, and in his writings 
is discernable the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquity. 

l^AMES MADISON, fourth president of 

£3 the United States, was born March 16, 

A I 1751, and died at his home in Virginia, 

June 28, 1836. He was the last of the 

founders of the Constitution of the United 

States to be called to his eternal reward. 
The Madison family were among the early 
emigrants to the New World, landing upon the 
shores of the Chesapeake but fifteen years 
after the settlement of Jamestown. The father 
of James Madison was an opulent planter, re- 
siding upon a very fine estate called "Mont- 
pelier, " Orange county, Va. The mansion 
was situated in the midst of scenery highly 
picturesque and romantic, on the west side of 
Southwest Mountain, at the foot of Blue 
Ridge. It was but twenty-five miles from the 
home of Jefferson at Monticello. The closest 
personal and political attachment existed be- 
tween these illustrious men from their early 
youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was 
conducted mostly at home under a private 
tutor. At the age of eighteen he was sent 
to Princeton college, in New Jersey. Here he 
applied himself to study with the most im- 
prudent zeal, allowing himself for months but 
three hours' sleep out of the twenty-four. His 
health thus became so seriously impaired that 
he never recovered any vigor of constitution. 
He graduated in 1 77 1 , when a feeble boy, but 
with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the 
study of law and a course of extensive and 
systematic reading. This educational course, 
the spirit of the times in which he lived, all 
combined to inspire him with a strong love of 
liberty, and to train him for his life-work of a 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty-five 
years of age, he was elected a member of the 
Virginia convention, to frame the constitution 
of the state. The next year (1777) he was a 
candidate for the general assembly. He re- 
fused to treat the whisky-loving voters, and con- 
sequently lost his election; but those who had 



witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit 
of the modest young man, enlisted themselves 
in his behalf and he was appointed to the 
executive council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson 
were governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison 
remained member of the council; and their 
appreciation of his intellectual, social and 
moral worth, contributed not a little to his 
subsequent eminence. In the year 1780, he 
was elected a member of the continental con- 
gress. Here he met the most illustrious men 
in our land, and he was immediately assigned 
to one of the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three years Mr. Madison 
continued in congress, one of its most active 
and influential members. In the year 1784, 
his term having expired, he was elected a 
member of the Virginia legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison 
the utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, 
with no national government, with no power 
to form treaties which would be binding, or to 
enforce law. There was not any state more 
prominent than Virginia in the declaration, 
that an efficient national government must be 
formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison car- 
ried a resolution through the general assembly 
of Virginia, inviting the other states to appoint 
commissioners to meet in convention at Ann- 
apolis to discuss the subject. Five states only 
were represented. The convention, however, 
issued another call, drawn up by Mr. Madison, 
urging all the states to send their delegates to 
Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft a consti- 
tution for the United States, to take the place 
of that confederate league. The delegates met 
at the time appointed. Every state but Rhode 
Island was represented. George Washington 
was chosen president of the convention; and 
the present constitution of the United States 
was then and there formed. There was, per- 
haps, no mind and no pen more active in 

framing this immortal document than the mind 
and pen of James Madison. 

The constitution, adopted by a vote of 81 
to 79, was to be presented to the several states 
for acceptance. But grave solicitude was felt. 
Should it be rejected we should be left but a 
conglomeration of independent states, with 
but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the 
convention to draw up an address to the peo- 
ple of the United States, expounding the prin- 
ciples of the constitution, and urging its adop- 
tion. There was great opposition to it at first, 
but it at length triumphed over all, and went 
into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the house of 
representatives in the first congress, and soon 
became the avowed leader of the republican 
party. While in New York attending congress, 
he met Mrs. Todd, a young widow of remark- 
able power of fascination, whom he married. 
She was in person and character queenly, and 
probably no lady has thus far occupied so 
prominent a position in the very peculiar soci- 
ety which has constituted our republican court, 
as Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison served as secretary of state 
under Jefferson, and at the close of 
his administration was chosen president. 
At this time the encroachments of Eng- 
land had brought us to the verge of war. 
British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant 
insult. Mr. Madison was a man of peace. 
Scholarly in his taste, retiring in his disposi- 
tion, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's 
blood boil, even now, to think of an American 
ship brought to upon the ocean by the guns of 
an English cruiser. A young lieutenant steps 
on board and orders the crew to be paraded 
before him. With great nonchalance he selects 
any number whom he may please to designate 




as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into the boat; and places them on 
the gun-deck of the man-of-war to fight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This 
right of search and impressment, no efforts of 
our government could induce the British cabi- 
net to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1812, President Madi- 
son gave his approval to an act of congress de- 
claring war against Great Britain. Notwith- 
standing the bitter hostility of the federal 
party to the war, the country in general ap- 
proved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th of March, 
18 1 3, was re-elected by a large majority, and 
entered upon his second term of office. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appear- 
ance of a British fleet early in February, 181 3, 
in Chesapeake bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 
The emperor of Russia offered his services 
as mediator. America accepted; England re- 
fused. A British force of five thousand men 
landed on the banks of the Patuxant river, near 
its entrance into Chesapeake bay, and marched 
rapidly, by way of Bladensburg, upon Wash- 

The straggling little city of Washington 
was thrown into consternation. The cannon 
of the brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed 
through the streets of the metropolis. The 
whole population fled from the city. The 
president, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door 
to await his speedy return, hurried to meet 
the officers in a council of war. He met our 
troops utterly routed, and he could not go 
back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the presidential mansion, 
the capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, 
and on February 13, 181 5, the treaty of peace 
was signed at Ghent. 

March 4, 1817, James Madison's second 
term of office expired, and he resigned the 
presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier 
and there passed the remainder of his days. 
On June 28, 1836, then at the age of eighty- 
five years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

WAMES MONROE, the fifth president of 
B the United States, was born in West- 
(• J moreland county, Va., April 28, 1758. 
He joined the colonial army when every- 
thing looked hopeless and gloomy. The num- 
ber of deserters increased from day to day. 
The invading armies came pouring in, and the 
tories not only favored the cause of the mother 
country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect 
of contending with an enemy whom they had 
been taught to deem invincible. To such brave 
spirits as James Monroe, who went right on- 
ward undismayed through difficulty and danger, 
the United States owe their political eman- 
cipation. The young cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with 
her strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadly, he 
shared in the melancholy retreat from Harlaem 
Heights and White Plains, and accompanied 
the dispirited army as it fled before its foes 
through New Jersey. In four months after 
the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the bat- 
tle of Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the 
act of charging upon the enemy he received a 
wound in the left shoulder. As a reward for 
his bravery, Mr. Monroe was promoted a cap- 
tain of infantry; and, having recovered from 
his wound, he rejoined the army. He, how- 
ever, receded from the line of promotion by 



becoming an officer on the staff of Lord Stir- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown, 
and Monmouth, he continued aid-de-camp; 
but becoming desirous to regain his position in 
the army, he exerted himself to collect a regi- 
ment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the state. 
Upon this failure he entered the office of Mr. 
Jefferson, at that period governor, and pursued 
with considerable ardor the study of common 
law. He did not, however, entirely lay aside 
the knapsack for the green bag; but on the in- 
vasions of the enemy, served as a volunteer 
during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George 
county a member of the legislature of Virginia, 
and by that body he was elevated to a seat in 
the executive council. He was thus honored 
with the confidence of his fellow citizens at 
twenty-three years of age; and at this early- 
period displayed some of that ability and apti- 
tude for legislation, which were afterward 
employed with unremitting energy for the pub- 
lic good; he was in the succeeding year chosen 
a member of the congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfec- 
tions of the old confederacy, he was opposed 
to the new constitution, thinking, with many 
others of the republican party, that it gave too 
much power to the central government, and 
not enough to the individual states. In 1789 
he became a member of the United States sen- 
ate, which office he held for four years. Every 
month the line of distinction between the two 
great parties which divided the nation, the 
federal and the republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now 
separated them were, that the republican party 
was in sympathy with France, and also in 
favor of such a strict construction of the con- 
stitution as to give the central government as 
little power, and the state governments as 

much power, as the constitution would war- 
rant. The federalists sympathized with Eng- 
land, and were in favor of a liberal construc- 
tion of the constitution, which would give as 
much power to the central government as that 
document could possibly authorize. 

Washington was then president. England 
had espoused the cause of the Bourbons 
against the principles of the French revolu- 
tion. All Europe was drawn into the conflict. 
We were feeble and far away. Washington 
issued a proclamation of neutrality between 
these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the 
despotisms of Europe were combined to pre- 
vent the French from escaping from a tyranny 
a thousand-fold worse than that which we had 
endured. Col. Monroe, more magnanimous 
than prudent, was anxious that, at whatever 
hazard, we should help our old allies in their 
extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the 
president's proclamation as ungrateful and 
wanting in magnanimity. 

Washington, who could appreciate such a 
character, developed his clam, serene, almost 
divine greatness, by appointing that very 
James Monroe, who was denouncing the policy 
of the government, as the minister of that 
government to the republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the national conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected governor of Virginia, and 
held the office for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor 
Livingston in obtaining the vast territory 
then known as the province of Louisiana, 
which France had but shortly before obtained 
from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of 
fifteen millions of dollars, the entire territory 




of Orleans and district of Louisiana were 
added to the United States. This was prob- 
ably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England 
to obtain from that country some recognition 
of our rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate 
against those odious impressments of our sea- 
men. But England was unrelenting. He 
again returned to England on the same mis- 
sion, but could receive no redress. He returned 
to his home and was again chosen governor of 
Virginia. This he soon resigned to accept the 
position of secretary of state under Madison. 
While in this office war with England was de- 
clared, the secretary of war resigned, and dur- 
ing those trying times the duties of the war de- 
partment were also put upon him. He was 
truly the armor-bearer of President Madison, 
and the most efficient business man in his cab- 
inet. Upon the return of peace he resigned 
the department of war, but continued in the of- 
fice of secretary of state until the expiration of 
Mr. Madison's administration. At the election 
held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe had been 
chosen president with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four 
years later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States; the Missouri compromise, and the 
"Monroe doctrine." This famous "Monroe 
doctrine" was enunciated by him in 1823. At 
that time the United States had recognized 
the independence of the South American 
states, and did not wish to have European 
powers longer attempt to subdue portions of 
the American continent. The doctrine is as 
follows: "That we should consider any at- 
tempt on the part of European powers to ex- 
tend their system to any portion of this hemi- 
sphere as dangerous to our peace and safety," 
and "that we could not view any interposi- 

tion for the purpose of oppressing or controll- 
ing American governments or provinces in any 
other light than as a manifestation by Euro- 
pean powers of an unfriendly disposition to- 
ward the United States." This doctrine imme- 
diately affected the course of foreign govern- 
ments, and has become the approved senti- 
ment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe 
retired to his home in Virginia, where he lived 
until 1830, when he went to New York to live 
with his son-in-law. In that city he died on 
the 4th of July, 1831. 

m president of the United States, was 
/• 1 born in Quincy, Mass., on the 11th of 
July, 1767. His mother, a woman of 
exalted worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant absence of his 

When but eleven years old he took a tear- 
ful adieu of his mother, to sail with his father 
for Europe, through a fleet of hostile British 
cruisers. The bright, animated boy spent a 
year and a half in Paris, where his father was 
associated with Franklin and Lee as minister 
plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted the 
notice of these distinguished men, and he re- 
ceived from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned tc 
this country, in 1779, ere he was again sent 
abroad. Again John Quincy accompanied his 
father. At Paris he applied himself with great 
diligence, for six months, to study; then accom- 
panied his father to Holland, where he entered 
first a school in Amsterdam, then the univer- 
sity at Leyden. About a year from this time, 
in 1 78 1, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
years of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, 
our minister to the Russian court, as his pri- 
vate secretary. 



In this school of incessant labor and of en- 
nobling culture he spent fourteen months, and 
then returned to Holland through Sweden, 
Denmark, Hamburg and Bremen. This long 
journey he took alone, in the winter, when in 
his sixteenth year. Again he resumed his 
studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. 
Thence, in the spring of 1782, he accompa- 
nied his father to Paris, traveling leisurely, and 
examining architectural remains, galleries of 
paintings and all renowned works of art. At 
Paris he again became associated with the 
most illustrious men of all lands in the con- 
templations of the loftiest temporal themes 
which can engross the human mind. After a 
short visit to England he returned to Paris, 
and consecrated all his energies to study until 
May, 1785, when he returned to America. 

After leaving Harvard college at the age 
of twenty, he studied law for three years. In 
June, 1794, being then but twenty-seven years 
of age, he was appointed, by Washington, res- 
ident minister at the Netherlands. Sailing 
from Boston in July, he reached London in 
October, where he was immediately admitted 
to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinck- 
ney, assisting them in negotiating a commer- 
cial treaty with Great Britain. After thus 
spending a fortnight in London, he proceeded 
to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to 
Portugal as minister plenipotentiary, On his 
way to Portugal, upon arriving in London, he 
met with despatches directing him to the court 
of Berlin, but requesting him to remain in 
London until he should receive his instruc- 
tions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previ- 
ously engaged — Miss Louisa Catherine John- 
son, daughter of Mr. Joshua' Johnson, Ameri- 
can consul in London. 

He reached Berlin with his wife in Novem- 
ber, 1797, where he remained until July, 

1799, when, having fulfilled all the purposes of 
his mission, he solicited his recall. Soon after 
his return, in 1802, he was chosen to the sen- 
ate of Massachusetts from Boston, and then 
was elected senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His 
reputation, his ability and his experience, 
placed him immediately among the most prom- 
inent and influential members of that body. 
Especially did he sustain the government in its 
measures of resistance to the encroachments 
of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in 
the presidential chair, and he immediately 
nominated John Quincy Adams minister to St. 
Petersburg. Resigning his professorship in 
Harvard college, he embarked at Boston, in 
August, 1809. While in Russia, Mr. Adams 
was an intense student. He devoted his at- 
tention to the language and history of Russia; 
to the Chinese trade; to the European system 
of weights, measures, and coins; to the 
climate and astronomical observations; while 
he kept up a familiar acquaintance with the 
Greek and Latin classics. All through life the 
Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe 
took the presidential chair, and immediately 
appointed Mr. Adams secretary of state. 
Taking leave of his friends in public and pri- 
vate life in Europe, he sailed in June, 18 19, 
for the United States. On the iSth of August, 
he again crossed the threshold of his home in 
Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued 
secretary of state. 

Some time before the close of Mi. Mr 
roe's second term of office, new candidates 
began to be presented for the presidency. 
The friends of Mr. Adams brought forward 



his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two 
hundred and sixty electoral votes were cast. 
Andrew Jackson received ninety-nine; John 
Quincy Adams, eighty-four; William H. Craw- 
ford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty-seven. 
As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the house of representatives. 
Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. 
Adams, and he was elected. 

Mr, Adams was, to a very remarkable de- 
gree, abstemious and temperate in his habits; 
always rising early, and taking much exercise. 
When at his home in Quincy, he has been 
known to walk, before breakfast, seven miles 
to Boston. In Washington, it was said that 
he was the first man up in the city, lighting 
his own fire and applying himself to work in 
his library often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams 
retired from the presidency, and was suceeded 
by Andrew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was 
elected vice president. The slavery question 
now began to assume portentous magnitude. 
Mr. Adams returned to Quincy, and to his 
studies, which he pursued with unabated zeal. 
But he was not long permitted to remain in 
retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to congress. For sev- 
enteen years, until his death, he occupied the 
post as representative, ever ready to do brave 
battle for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his 
seat in the house, he announced that he should 
hold himself bound to no party. He was 
usually the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and 
escape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. 
Adams fought almost singly, against the 
proslavery party in the government, was sub- 
lime in its moral daring and heroism. For 
persisting in presenting petitions for the aboli- 

tion of slavery, he was threatened with i dict- 
ment by the grand jury, with expulsior from 
the house, and also with assassination, but 
no threats could intimidate him and his final 
triumph was complete. 

On the 2 1st of February, 1848, he rose on 
the floor of congress, with a paper in his hand, 
to address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, 
again stricken by paralysis, and was caught in 
the arms of those around him. For a time he 
was senseless, as he was conveyed to the 
sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around 
and said: "This is the end of earth;" then, 
after a moment's pause, he added, "I am 
content. " These were the last words of the sixth 

HNDREW JACKSON, the seventh 
president of the United States, was 
born in Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days after his 
father's death. His parents were from Ireland, 
and took up their abode in Waxhaw settle- 
ment, where they lived in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally 
called, grew up a very rough, rude, turbulent 
boy. His features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very little in his char- 
acter, made visible, which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British in- 
vasion. In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert 
were captured and imprisoned for a time at 
Camden. A British officer ordered him to 
brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am a 
prisoner of war, not your servant," was the 
reply of the dauntless boy. The brute drew 
his sword, and aimed a desperate blow at the 
head of the helpless young prisoner. Andrew 
raised his hand, and thus recived two fearful 
gashes — one on the hand and the other upon 
the head. The officer then turned to his 



brother Robert with the same demand. He 
also refused, and received a blow from the 
keen-edged saber, which quite disabled him, 
and which probably soon after caused his 
death. They suffered much other ill-treat- 
ment, and were finally stricken with the small- 
pox. Their mother was successful in obtain- 
ing their exchange, and took her sick boys 
home. After a long illness Andrew recovered, 
and the death of his mother soon left him en- 
tirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, 
such as working at the saddler's trade, teaching 
school and clerking in a general store, until 
1784, when he entered a law office at Salis- 
bury, N. C. In 1788, he was appointed solicit- 
or for the western district of North Carolina, 
of which Tennessee was then apart. This in- 
volved many long and tedious journeys amid 
dangers of every kind, but Andrew Jackson 
never knew fear. 

In 1 79 1, Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both 
parties, two years later, to find that the con- 
ditions of the divorce had just been definitely 
settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but 
the occurrence was often used by his enemies 
to bring Mr. Jackson into disfavor. During 
these years he worked hard at his profession, 
and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickinson, was 
especially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the territory of Tennes- 
see then containing nearly 80,000 inhabitants, 
the people met in convention at Knoxville to 
frame a constitution. Five were sent from each 
of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson was 
one of the delegates. The new state was en- 
titled to but one member in the national house 
of representatives. Andrew Jackson was 
chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 

rode to Philadelphia, where congress then 
held its sessions — a distance of about 800 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the 
democratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He 
admired Bonaparte, loved France and hated 
England. As Jackson took his seat, Gen. 
Washington, whose second term of office was 
then expiring, delivered his last speech to 
congress. A committee drew up a compli- 
mentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one 
of the twelve who voted against it. He was 
not willing to say that Gen. Washington's 
administration had been "wise, firm and 
patriotic. " 

Jackson was elected to the United States 
senate in 1797, but soon resigned. Soon after 
he was chosen judge of the supreme court of 
his state, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 1 8 1 2 with Great Britain 
commenced, Madison occupied the presidential 
chair. Aaron Burr sent word to the president 
that there was an unknown man in the west, 
Andrew Jackson, who would do credit to a 
commission if one were conferred upon him. 
Just at that time Gen. Jackson offered his 
services and those of 2,500 volunteers. His 
offer was accepted, and the troops were assem- 
bled at Nashville. As the British were hourly 
expected to make an attack upon New Orleans, 
where Gen. Wilkinson was in command, he 
was ordered to descend the river with 1,500 
troops to aid Wilkinson. The expedition 
reached Natchez, and after a delay of several 
weeks there, the men were ordered back to 
their homes. But the energy Gen. Jackson 
had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won him golden 
opinions; and he became the most popular man 
in the state. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the rickname of ''Old 




Soon after this, while attempting to horse- 
whip Col. Thomas H. Benton, for a remark 
that gentleman made about his taking a part 
as second in a duel, in which a younger brother 
of Benton's was engaged, he received two 
severe pistol wounds. While he was lingering 
upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh 
from Florida to the lakes, to exterminate the 
white settlers, were committing the most 
awful ravages. Decisive action became neces- 
sary. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendevous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa 
river, near the center of Alabama, about fifty 
miles below Fort Strother. With an army of 
2,000 men, Gen. Jackson traversed the path- 
less wilderness in a march of eleven days. He 
reached their fort, called Tohopeka or Horse- 
shoe, on the 27th of March, 18 14. The bend 
of the river inclosed 100 acres of tangled 
forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable 
breastwork of logs and brush. Here 900 war- 
riors, with an ample supply of arms, were as- 
sembled. The fort was stormed. The fight 
was utterly desperate. Not an Indian would 
accept of quarter. When bleeding and dying, 
they would fight those who endeavored to spare 
their lives. From ten in the morning until 
dark, the battle raged. The carnage was awful 
and revolting. Some threw themselves into 
the river; but the unerring bullet struck their 
heads as they swam. Nearly every one of the 
900 warriors was killed. This closing of the 
Creek war enabled us to concentrate all our 
militia upon the British, who were the allies of 
the Indians. No man of less resolute will than 
Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 

campaign to so successful an issue. Immedi- 
ately he was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of 2,000 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson went 
to Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensa- 
cola, landed a force upon the beach, anchored 
near the little fort, and from both ship and 
shore commenced a furious assault. The battle 
was long and doubtful. At length one of the 
ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, Jackson moved his 
troops to New Orleans, and the battle of New 
Orleans, which soon ensued, was in reality a 
very arduous campaign. Here his troops, 
which numbered about 4,000 men, won a 
signal victory over the British army of about 
9,000. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was 2,600. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to 
be mentioned in connection with the presi- 
dency, but, in 1824, he was defeated by Mr. 
Adams. He was, however, successful in the 
election of 1828, and was re-elected for a 
second term in 1832. In 1829, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the 
death of his wife. At the expiration of his two 
terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, 
where he died June 8, 1845. The last years 
of Jackson's life were that of a devoted chris- 
tian man. 

QARTIN VAN BUREN, the eighth 
president of the United States, was 
born at Kinderhook, N. Y., Decem- 
ber 5, 1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862, and his body rests in the 
cemetery at Kinderhook. Above it is a plain 
granite shaft fifteen feet high, bearing a sim- 
ple inscription about half way up on the face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. His ancestors, as his 
name indicates, were of Dutch origin, and 



were among the earliest emigrants from Hol- 
land to the banks of the Hudson. His father 
was a farmer, residing in the old town of 
Kinderhook. His mother, also of Dutch 
lineage, was a woman of superior intelligence 
and exemplary piety. At the age of fourteen, 
he had finished his academic studies in his na- 
tive village, and commenced the study of law. 
As he had not a collegiate education seven 
years of study in a law office were required of 
him before he could be admitted to the bar. 
Inspired with a lofty ambition, and conscious 
of his powers, he pursued his studies with in- 
defatigable industry, After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he went to 
the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Van Buren, then twenty-one 
years of age, commenced the practice of law 
in his native village. The great conflict be- 
tween the federal and republican parties was 
then at its height. Van Buren was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestly and 
eloquently espoused the cause of state rights; 
though at that time the federal party held the 
supremacy both in his town and state. His 
success and increasing reputation led him after 
six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by 
contending in the courts with some of the 
ablest men who have adorned the bar of his 

just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, 
Mr. VanBuren married a lady alike distinguished 
for beauty and accomplishments. After 
twelve short years she sank into the grave, 
the victim of consumption, leaving her hus- 
band and four sons to weep over her loss. In 
1 8 12, when thirty years of age, he was chosen 
to the state senate, and gave his strenuous 
support to Mr. Madison's administration. In 
181 5, he was appointed attorney-general, and 

the next year moved to Albany, the capital of 
the state. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the 
most prominent leaders of the democratic 
party, he had the moral courage to avow that 
true democracy did not require that "univer- 
sal suffrage" which admits the vile, the de- 
graded, the ignorant, to the right of governing 
the state. In true consistency with his demo- 
cratic principles, he contended that, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting 
should be open to every man without distinc- 
tion, no one should be invested with that 
sacred prerogative, unless he were in some 
degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of 
the state. 

In 1 82 1 he was elected a member of the 
United States senate, and in the same year he 
took a seat in the convention to revise the 
constitution of his native state. His course in 
this convention secured the approval of men 
of all parties. In the senate of the United 
States, he rose at once to a conspicuous posi- 
tion as an active and useful legislator. In 
1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re- 
elected to the senate. He had been, from the 
beginning, a determined opposer to the ad- 
ministration, adopting the state rights view in 
opposition to what was deemed the federal 
proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen 
governor of the state of New York, and ac- 
cordingly resigned his seat in the senate. 
Probably no one in the United States con- 
tributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the presidential chair, and placing 
in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van 
Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout 
the United States as one of the most skillful, 
sagacious and cunning politicians. It was sup- 




posed that no one knew so well as he how to 
touch the secret springs of action; how to pull 
all the wires to put his machinery in motion; 
and how to organize a political army which 
would, secretly and stealthily, accomplish the 
most gigantic results. By these powers it is 
said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. Clay, 
Mr. Webster, and secured results which few 
thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected presi- 
dent, he appointed Mr. Van Buren secretary 
of state. This position he resigned in 1831, 
and was immediately appointed minister to 
England, where he went the same autumn. 
The senate, however, when it met, refused to 
ratify the nomination, and he returned home, 
apparently untroubled; was nominated vice 
president in the place of Calhoun, at the re- 
election of President Jackson; and with smiles 
for all and frowns for none, he took his place 
at the head of that senate which had refused 
to confirm his nomination as ambassador. His 
rejection by the senate aroused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably more than any 
other cause, secured his elevation to the chair 
of the chief executive. On the 20th of May, 
1836, Van Buren received the democratic nom- 
ination to succeed Gen. Jackson as president 
of the United States. He was elected by a 
handsome majority, to the delight of the retir- 
ing president. 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the country, all were trials to his 
wisdom. The financial distress was attributed 
to the management of the democratic party, 
and brought the president into such disfavor 
that he failed of re-election. With the ex- 
ception of being nominated for the presidency 

by the free soil democrats, in 1848, Mr. Van 
Buren lived quietly upon his estate until his 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal 
habits, and, living within his income, had now 
fortunately a competency for his declining 
years. It was on the 4th of March, 1841, 
that Mr. Van Buren retired from the presidency. 
From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he still 
exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman 
of leisure, of culture and of wealth; enjoying 
in a healthy old age, probably far more happi- 
ness than he had before experienced amid the 
stormy scenes of his active life. 


ninth president of the United 
States; was born at Berkeley, Va., 
Feb. 9, 1773. His father, Benja- 
min Harrison, was in comparatively opulent 
circumstances, and was one of the most dis- 
tinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the continental congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of 
Virginia in resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated congress of 
1775, Benjamin Harrison and John Hancock 
were both candidates for the office of speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen 
governor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. 

Having received a thorough common- 
school education, William Henry Harrison 
entered Hampden Sidney college, where he 
graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia 
to study medicine under the instructions of 
Dr. Rush and the guardianship of Robert 



Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, 
and notwithstanding the remonstrances of his 
friends, he abandoned his medical studies and 
entered the army, having obtained a commis- 
sion of ensign from President Washington. He 
was then but nineteen years old. From that 
time he passed gradually upward in rank until 
he became aid to Gen. Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was 
then appointed secretary of the Northwestern 
territory. This territory was then entitled to 
but one member in congress, and Capt. Harri- 
son was chosen to fill that position. 

In the spring of 1800 the Northwestern 
territory was divided by congress into two 
portions. The eastern portion, comprising 
the region now embraced in the state of Ohio, 
was called "The Territory northwest of the 
Ohio." The western portion, which included 
what is now called Indiana, Illinois, and Wis- 
consin, was called the "Indiana territory." 
William Henry Harrison, then twenty-seven 
years of age, was appointed, by John Adams, 
governor of the Indiana territory, and imme- 
diately after, also governor of upper Louisi- 
ana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the 
globe. He was superintendent of Indian af- 
fairs, and was invested with powers nearly 
dictatorial over the now rapidly increasing 
white population. The ability and fidelity 
with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he 
was four times appointed to this office — first 
by John Adams, twice by Thomas Jefferson 
and afterward by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there 
were but three white settlements in that al- 
most boundless region, now crowded with 
cities and resounding with all the tumult of 
wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 

was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; 
one at Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the 
third a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Har- 
rison reigned was filled with many tribes of 
Indians. About the year 1806, two extraordi- 
nary men, twin brothers, of the Shawnee 
tribe, rose among them. One of these was 
called Tecumseh, or "The Crouching Pan- 
ther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Pro- 
phet." Tecumseh was not only an Indian 
warrior, but a man of great sagacity, far- 
reaching foresight and indomitable persever- 
ance in any enterprise in which he might en- 
gage. He was inspired with the highest 
enthusiasm, and had long regarded with dread 
and with hatred the encroachments of the 
whites upon the hunting grounds of his fath- 
ers. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath 
which they dwelt. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to 
conciliate the Indians, but at last the war 
came, and at Tippecanoe the Indians were 
routed with great slaughter. October 28, 
1 812, his army began its march. When near 
the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Har- 
rison was approaching them in so hostile an 
attitude. After a short conference, arrange- 
ments were made for a meeting the next day, 
to agree upon terms of peace. But Gov. Har- 
rison was too well acquainted with the Indian 
character to be deceived by such protestations. 
Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against 
surprise. His troops were posted in a hollow 
square, and slept upon their arms. The 
troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accoutrements 
on, his loaded musket by his side, and his 
bayonet fixed. The wakeful governor, between 



three and four o'clock in the morning, had 
risen and was sitting in conversation with his 
aids by the embers of a waning fire. It was a 
chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. 
In the darkness, the Indians had crept as near 
as possible, and just then, with a savage yell, 
rushed with all the desperation which supersti- 
tion and passion most highly inflamed could 
give, upon the left flank of the little army. 
The savages had been amply provided with 
guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompanied by a shower of 
bullets. The camp-fires were instantly extin- 
guished, as the light aided the Indians in their 
aim. With hideous yells, the Indian bands 
rushed on, not doubting a speedy and entire 
victory. But Gen. Harrison's troops stood as 
immovable as the rocks around them until day 
dawned; they then made a simultaneous charge 
with the bayonet, and swept everything before 
them, and completely routed the foe. Gov. 
Harrison now had all his energies tasked to the 
utmost. The British, descending from the Can- 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable 
force; but with their savage allies, rushing like 
wolves from the forest, searching out every 
remote farm house, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing, torturing, the wide frontier was plunged 
into a state of consternation which even the 
most vivid imagination can but faintly con- 
ceive. Gen. Hull had made the ignominious 
surrender of his forces at Detroit. Under 
these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison comman- 
der-in-chief of the Northwestern army, with 
orders to retake Detroit, and to protect the 

Harrison won the love of his soldiers by 
always sharing with them their fatigue. His 
whole baggage, while pursuing the foe up the 
Thames, was carried in a valise; and his bed- 
ding consisted of a single blanket lashed over 
his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, his 

prisoners of war, supped with him after the bat- 
tle. The only fare he could give them was beef 
roasted before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a mem- 
ber of the national house of representatives to 
represent the district of Ohio. In congress he 
proved an active member, and, whenever he 
spoke, it was with force of reason and power 
of eloquence, which arrested the attention of 
all the members. 

In 1 8 19, Harrison was elected to the sen- 
ate of Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presi- 
dential electors of that state, he gave his vote 
for Henry Clay. The same year he was chosen 
to the United States senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison 
brought him forward as a candidate for the 
presidency against Van Buren, but he was de- 
feated. At the close of Mr. Van Buren's term, 
he was re-nominated by his party, and Harri- 
son was unanimously nominated by the whigs, 
with John Tyler for the vice presidency. The 
contest was very animated. Gen. Jackson 
gave all his influence to prevent Harrison's 
election; but his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel 
Webster at its head as secretary of state, was 
one of the most brilliant with which any presi- 
dent had ever been surrounded. In the midst 
of these bright and joyous prospects. Gen. 
Harrison was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and, 
after a few days of violent sickness, died on 
the 4th of April; just one month after his inau- 
guration as president of the United States. 

With the exception, perhaps, of the death 
of George Washington, the demise of no presi- 
dent of the United States, down to this time, 
had created a deeper thrill of sympathy through- 
out the country than that of President Harri- 
son. North and south, his obsequies were ob- 
served with unaffected sorrow, and men of all 
parties seemed to forget differences of opinion 
in doing honor to the memory of the dead. 



>7*OHN TYLER, the tenth president of 
m the United States, was born in Charles 
/» 1 City county, Va., March 29, 1790. 
At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Mary college and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. 
He devoted himself with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his father and partly 
with Edmund Randolph, one of the most dis- 
tinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced 
the practice of law. His success was rapid 
and astonishing. It is said that three months 
had not elapsed ere there was scarcely a case 
on the docket of the court in which he was not 
retained. When but twenty-one years of age, 
he was almost unanimously elected to a seat in 
the state legislature. He connected himself 
with the democratic party, and warmly ad- 
vocated the measures of Jefferson and Madison. 
For five successive years he was elected to the 
legislature, receiving nearly the unanimous 
vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a member of congress. Here he acted 
earnestly and ably with the democratic party, 
opposing a national bank, internal improve- 
ments by the general government, a protective 
tariff, and advocating a strict construction of 
the constitution, and the most careful vigilance 
over state rights. His labors in congress were 
so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire 
to his estate in Charles City county, to recruit 
his health. He, however, soon after consented 
to take his seat in the state legislature, where 
his influence was powerful in promoting public 
works of great utility. He was then chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, governor of 
his native state. His administration was sig- 
lally a successful one, and his popularity 
secured his re-election. 

ohn Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half- 

crazed man, then represented Virginia in the 
senate of the United States. A portion of the 
democratic party was displeased with Mr. 
Randolph's wayward course, and brought 
forward John Tyler as his opponent, and 
Tyler was the victor. In accordance with his 
professions, upon taking his seat in the senate, 
he joined the ranks of the opposition. He 
opposed the tariff; he spoke against and voted 
against the bank as unconstitutional; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, 
resisting all projects of internal improvements 
by the general government, and avowed his 
sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view of nullifica- 
tion; he declared that Gen. Jackson, by his 
opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned the 
principles of the democratic party. Such was 
Mr. Tyler's record in congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which 
he had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the 
practice of his profession. There was a split 
in the democratic party. His friends still re- 
garded him as a true Jeffersonian, gave him a 
dinner, and showered compliments upon him. 
He had now attained the age of forty-six. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children; and 
he again took his seat in the legislature of Vir- 

By the southern whigs, he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg to nominate 
a president in 1839. The majority of votes 
were given to Gen. Harrison, a genuine whig, 
much to the disappointment of the south, who 
wished for Henry Clay. To conciliate the 
southern whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for 
vice president. Thus it happened that a whig 
president and, in reality, a democratic vice 
president were chosen. 

In 1 84 1, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated vice 
president of the United States. In one short 




month from that time Pres. Harrison died, and 
Mr. Tyler thus found himself, to his own sur- 
prise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the presidential chair. This was a new 
test of the stability of our institutions, as it 
was the first time in the history of our country 
that such an event had occurred. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received 
the unexpected tidings of the death of Pres. 
Harrison. He hastened to Washington, and 
on the 6th of April was inaugurated to the high 
and responsible office. Gen. Harrison had 
selected a whig cabinet. Should he retain 
them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
selors whose views were antagonistic to his 
own? or, on the other hand, should he turn 
against the party which had elected him and 
select a cabinet in harmony with himself, and 
which would oppose all those views which the 
whigs deemed essential to the public wel- 
fare? This was his fearful dilemma, and so he 
invited the cabinet which Pres. Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. 

The whigs carried through congress a bill 
for the incorporation of a fiscal bank of the 
United States. The president, after ten days' 
delay, returned it with his veto. He suggested, 
however, that he would approve of a bill 
drawn up upon such a plan as he proposed. 
Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his 
approval. It was passed without alteration, 
and he sent it back with his veto. Here com- 
menced the open rupture. It is said that Mr. 
Tyler was provoked to this measure by a pub- 
lished letter from the Hon. John M. Botts, a 
distinguished Virginia whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the president. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
president into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Web- 
ster, resigned. The whigs of congress, both the 

senate and the house, held a meeting and issued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliances between 
the whigs and Pres. Tyler were at an end. 

Still the president attempted to conciliate. 
He appointed a new cabinet of distinguished 
whigs and conservatives, carefully leaving out 
all strong party men. Mr. Webster soon 
found it necessary to resign, forced out by the 
pressure of his whig friends. Thus the four 
years of Mr. Tylor's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy 
with his old friends, the democrats, until, at 
the close of his term, he gave his whole influ- 
ence to the support of Mr. Polk, the demo- 
cratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from 
office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His 
first wife, Miss Letitia Christian, died in 
Washington, in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
Pres. Tyler was again married, at New York, to 
Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of many 
personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed 
mainly in retirement at his beautiful home — 
Sherwood Forest, Charles City county, Va. 
A polished gentleman in his manners, richly 
furnished with information from books and 
experience in the world, and possessing bril- 
liant powers of conversation, his family circle 
was the scene of unusual attractions. With 
sufficient means for the exercise of a generous 
hospitality, he might have enjoyed a serene 
old age with the few friends who gathered 
around him, were it not for the storms of civil 
war which his own principles and policy had 
helped to introduce. 

When the great rebellion rose, which the 
state rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated, Pres. Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States. 



and joined the confederates. He was chosen 
a member of their congress; and while engaged 
in active measures to destroy, by force of arms, 
the government over which he had once pre- 
sided, he was taken sick and soon died. 

Vj*AMES KNOX POLK, the eleventh 
■ president of the United States, was 
Al born in Mecklenburg county, N. C. , 
November 2, 1795. His parents were 
Samuel and Jane (Knox) Polk, the former a 
son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located at the 
above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 


In the year 1806, with his wife and chil- 
dren, and soon after followed by most of the 
members of the Polk family, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred miles further 
west, to the rich valley of the Duck river, Tenn. 
Here, in the midst of the wilderness, in a 
region which was subsequently called Maury 
county, they reared their log huts, and estab- 
lished their homes. In the hard toil of a new 
farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk spent 
the early years of his childhood and youth. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth 
until he became one of the leading men of the 

Very early in life, James developed a taste 
for reading and expressed the strongest desire 
to obtain a liberal education. His mother's 
training had made him methodical in his habits, 
had taught him punctuality and industry, and 
had inspired him with lofty principles of 
morality. His health was frail; and his father, 
fearing that he might not be able to endure a 
sedentary life, got a situation for him behind 
the counter, hoping to fit him for commercial 
pursuits. He remained in this uncongenial 
occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, 

and made arrangements for him to prosecute 
his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro academy. In the autumn of 181 5 he 
entered the sophomore class in the university 
of North Carolina,, at Chapel Hill. He grad- 
uated in 1 81 8, with the highest honors, being 
deemed the best scholar of his class, both 
in mathematics and classics. He was then 
twenty-three years of age. Mr. Polk's health 
was at this time much impaired by the assi- 
duity with which he had prosecuted his studies. 
After a short season of relaxation he went to 
Nashville, Tenn., and entered the office of 
Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jack- 
son, who resided on his plantation, the Her- 
mitage, but a few miles from Nashville. 

James K. Polk was a popular public speaker, 
and was constantly called upon to address the 
meetings of his party friends. His skill as a 
speaker was such that he was popularly called 
the Napoleon of the stump. He was a man 
of unblemished morals, genial and courteous 
in his bearing, and with that sympathetic na- 
ture in the joys and griefs of others whichever 
gave him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. 
Polk was elected to the legislature of Tennes- 
see. Here he gave his strong influence toward 
the election of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the 
presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss 
Sarah Childress, of Rutherford county, Tenn. 
His bride was altogether worthy of him — a 
lady of beauty and culture. In the fall of 1825, 
Mr. Polk was chosen a member of congress. 
The satisfaction which he gave to his constit- 
uents may be inferred from the fact, that for 
fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was 
continued in that office. He then voluntarily 
withdrew, only that he might accept the 
gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In congress 
he was a laborious member, a frequent and 
popular speaker. He was always in his seat, 




always courteous; and whenever he spoke it 
was always to the point, and without any am- 
bitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of congress, Mr. Polk 
was speaker of the house. Strong passions 
were aroused, and stormy scenes were witness- 
ed; but Mr. Polk performed his arduous duties 
to a very general satisfaction, and a unani- 
mous vote of thanks to him was passed by the 
house as he withdrew on the 4th of March, 


On the 14th of October, 1839, he took the 
oath of office as governor of Tennessee at 
Nashville. In 1841, his ■ term of office ex- 
pired, and he was again the candidate of the 
democratic party, but was defeated. On the 
4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugurated 
president of the United States. The verdict 
of the country in favor of the annexation of 
Texas exerted its influence upon congress; and 
the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his signature to a joint reso- 
lution of congress, passed on the 3d of March, 
approving of the annexation of Texas to the 
American Union. As Mexico still claimed 
Texas as one of her provinces, the Mexican 
minister, Almonte, immediately demanded his 
passports and left the country, declaring the 
act of annexation to be an act hostile to 

In his message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of congress, 
be received into the Union on the same foot- 
ing with the other states. In the meantime, 
Gen. Taylor was sent with an army into Texas 
to hold the country. He was sent first to 
Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was 
sent nearly two hundred miles further west, to 
the Rio Grande, where he erected batteries 
which commanded the Mexican city of Matamo- 
ras, which was situated on the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and 

war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by Mr. 
Polk's administration with great vigor. Gen. 
Taylor, whose army was first called one of 
"observation," then of "occupation," then of 
"invasion," was sent forward to Monte- 
rey. The feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, 
were hopelessly and awfully slaughtered. It 
was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administra- 
tion that the war was brought on. 

"To the victors belong the spoils.'' Mex- 
ico was prostrate before us. Her capital was 
in our hands. We now consented to peace 
upon the condition that Mexico should sur- 
render to us, in addition to Texas, all of New 
Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Califor- 
nia. This new demand embraced, exclusive 
of Texas, 800,000 square miles. This was an 
extent of territory equal to nine states of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing 
eighteen majestic states to be added to the 
Union. In the prosecution of this war we ex- 
pended 20,000 lives and more than $100,000,- 
000, Of this more than $15,000,000 were 
paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk re- 
tired from office, having served one term. The 
next day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. 
Taylor was inaugurated as his successor. Mr. 
Polk rode to the capitol in the same carrriage 
with Gen. Taylor; and the same evening, with 
Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to Ten- 
nessee. He was then but fifty-four years of 
age. He had ever been strictly temperate in 
all his habits and his health was good. With 
an ample fortune, a choice library, a cultivated 
mind, and domestic ties of the dearest nature, 
it seemed as though long years of tranquility 
and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — the awful scourge — was then sweep- 
ing up the valley of the Mississippi. This he 
contracted, and died on the 15th of June, 1849, 
in the fifty-fourth year of his age. 



V m ACHARY TAYLOR, .twelfth presi- 
J^^f dent of the United States, was born 
f J on the 24th of November, 1784, in 
Orange county, Va. His father, 
Colonel Taylor, was a Virginian of note, and 
a distinguished patriot and soldier of the Revo- 
lution. When Zachary was an infant, his 
father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this frontier home 
young Zachary could enjoy but few social and 
educational advantages. When six years of 
age he attended a common school, and was 
then regarded as a bright, active boy, rather 
remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter 
the army to fight the Indians who were ravag- 
ing the frontiers. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining 
for him the commission of lietenant in the 
United States army; and he joined the troops 
which were stationed at New Orleans under 
Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after this he married 
Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady from one 
of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war 
with England, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he 
had then been promoted to that rank) was put 
in command of Fort Harrison, on the Wa- 
bash, about fifty miles above Vincennes. 
This fort had been built in the wilderness by 
Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the 
Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garrison con- 
sisted of a broken company of infantry num- 
bering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 
Early in the autumn of 18 12, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon 
the fort. Their approach was first indicated 
by the murder of two soldiers just outside of 
the stockade. Capt. Taylor made every possi- 
ble preparation to meet the anticipated as- 

sault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the 
fort, waving a white flag, and informed Capt. 
Taylor that in the morning their chief would 
come to have a talk with him. It was evident 
that their object was merely to ascertain the 
state of things at the fort, and Capt. Taylor, 
well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. The sun went down; the 
savages disappeared, the garrison slept upon 
their arms. One hour before midnight the 
war-whoop burst from a thousand lips in the 
forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every 
man, sick and well, sprang to his post. Every 
man knew that defeat was not merely death, 
but in case of capture, death by the most 
agonizing and prolonged torture. The savages 
succeeded in setting fire to one of the block- 
houses. Until six o'clock in the morning, this 
awful conflict continued. The savages then, 
baffled at every point, and gnashing their teeth 
with rage, retired. Capt. Taylor, for this gal- 
lant defense, was promoted to the rank of 
major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Major Taylor 
was placed in such situations that he saw but 
little more of active service. He was sent far 
away into the depths of the wilderness, to 
Fort Crawford, on Fox river, which empties 
into Green bay. Gradually he rose to the 
rank of colonel. In the Black Hawk war, 
which resulted in the capture of that renowned 
chieftain, Col. Taylor took a subordinate but 
a brave and efficient part. For twenty-four 
years Col. Taylor was engaged in the defense 
of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was 
unknown beyond the limits of his own imme- 
diate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he was 
sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indians 
to vacate that region and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs, by treaty, had 




promised they should do. The services ren- 
dered here secured Col. Taylor the high ap- 
preciation of the government; and as a reward, 
he was elevated to the rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral by brevet; and soon after, in May, 1838, 
was appointed to the chief command of the 
United States troops in Florida. After two 
years of such wearisome employment, Gen. 
Taylor obtained, at his own request, a change 
of command, and was stationed over the de- 
partment of the southwest. This field em- 
braced Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and 
Georgia. Establishing his headquarters at 
Fort Jesup, in Louisiana, he removed his fam- 
ily to a plantation which he purchased near 
Baton Rouge. Here he remained for five 
years, buried, as it were, from the world, but 
faithfully discharging every duty imposed upon 

In 1846 Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the 
land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, 
the latter river being the boundary of Texas, 
which was then claimed by the United States. 
Soon the war with Mexico was brought on, 
and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. 
Taylor won brilliant victories over the Mex- 
icans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and 
his name was received with enthusiasm almost 
everywhere in the nation. Then came the 
battles of Monterey and Buena Vista, in which 
he won signal victories over forces much larger 
than he commanded. His careless habits of 
dress and his unaffected simplicity, secured for 
Gen. Taylor among his troops the sobriquet of 
"Old Rough and Ready." 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena 
Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The whig party decided to take ad- 
vantage of this wonderful popularity in bring- 
ing forward the unpolished, uncultured, honest 
soldier as their candidate for the presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 

ment, and for a time would not listen to it; 
declaring that he was not at all qualified for 
such an office. So little interest had he taken 
in politics that, for forty years, he had not 
cast a vote. 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker 
nor a fine writer. His friends took possession 
of him, and prepared such few communica- 
tions as it was needful should be presented to 
the public. The popularity of the successful 
warrior swept the land. He was triumph- 
antly elected over two opposing candidates — 
Gen. Cass and ex-Pres. Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the 
good old man found himself in a very uncon- 
genial position, and was, at times, sorely per- 
plexed and harassed. His mental sufferings 
were very severe, and probably tended to has- 
ten his death. The proslavery party was 
pushing its claims with tireless energy; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; Cali- 
fornia was pleading for admission to the 
Union, while slavery stood at the door to bar 
her out. Gen. Taylor found the political con- 
flicts in Washington to be far more trying to 
the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. 
Taylor, after he had occupied the presidential 
chair but little over a year, took cold, and 
after a brief sickness, of but litttle over five 
days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. His last 
words were; " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." 
He died universally respected and beloved. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted 
with Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic 
and truthful description of his character: 
" With a good store of common sense. Gen. 
Taylor's mind had not been enlarged and re- 
freshed by reading, or much converse with the 
world. Rigidity of ideas was the consequence. 
The frontiers and small military posts had 



been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant 
for his rank, and quite bigoted in his igno- 
rance. His simplicity was child-like and 
with innumerable prejudices, amusing and in- 
corrigible, well suited to the tender age. 
Thus, if a man, however, respectable, chanced 
to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer 
to leave a corner of his handkerchief dangling 
from an outside pocket — in any such case, this 
critic held the offender to be a coxcomb (per- 
haps something worse), whom he would not, 
to use his oft repeated phase, "touch with a 
pair of tongs." 


ILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth 
president of the United States, wa s 
born at Summer Hill, Cayuga 
county, N. Y. , on the 7th of Janu- 
ary, 1800. His father was a farmer, and, 
owing to misfortune, in humble circumstances. 
Of his mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar 
Millard, of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said 
that she possessed an intellect of very high 
order, united with much personal loveliness, 
sweetness of disposition, graceful manners and 
exquisite sensibilities. She died in 1831; 
having lived to see her son a young man of 
distinguished promise, though she was not per- 
mitted to witness the high dignity which he 
finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and 
limited means of his father, Millard enjoyed 
but slender advantages for education in his 
early years. The sacred influences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had 
laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age his father sent 
him some hundred miles from home, to the 
then wilds of Livingston county, to learn the 
trade of a clothier. Near the mill there was 

a small village, where some enterprising man 
had commenced the collection of a village I 
library. This proved an inestimable blessing] 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent 1 
in reading. Soon every leisure moment was 
occupied with books. His thirst for knowledge 
became insatiate, and the selections which he 
made were continually more elevating and 
instructive. He read history, biography, 
oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something 
more than a mere worker with his hands; and 
he was becoming, almost unknown to himself, 
a well informed, educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the 
age of nineteen years, and was of fine per- 
sonal appearance and of gentlemanly demeanor. 
It so happened that there was a gentleman in 
the neighborhood of ample pecuniary means 
and of benevolence — Judge Walter Wood — 
who was struck with the prepossessing appear- 
ance of young Fillmore. He made his ac- 
quaintance, and was so much impressed 
with his ability and attainments that he ad- 
vised him to abandon his trade and devote 
himself to the study of law. The young man 
replied that he had no means of his own, no 
friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been very imperfect. But Judge 
Wood had so much confidence in him that he 
kindly offered to take him into his own office, 
and to loan him such money as he needed. 
Most gratefully the generous offer was ac- 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, 
he was admitted to the court of common pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and 
commenced the practice of law. In this 
secluded, peaceful region, his practice, of 
course, was limited, and there was no oppor- 
tunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of 
great moral worth, and one capable of adorn- 




ing any station she might be called to fill — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring in- 
dustry, his legal acquirements, and his skill as 
an advocate, gradually attracted attention; 
and he was invited to enter into partnership, 
under highly advantageous circumstances, with 
an elder member of the bar in Buffalo. Just 
before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, he took 
his seat in the house of assembly, of the state 
of New York, as a representative from Erie 
county. Though he had never taken a very 
active part in politics, his vote and his sympa- 
thies were with the whig party. The state 
was then democratic, and he found him- 
self in a helpless minority in the legislature, 
still the testimony comes from all parties, that 
his courtesy, ability, and integrity, won, to 
a very unusual degree, the respect of his asso- 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to 
a seat in the United States congress. He en- 
tered that troubled arena in some of the most 
tumultuous hours of our national history. 
The great conflict respecting the national bank 
and the removal of the deposits was then 

His term of two years closed, and he re- 
turned to his profession, which he pursued with 
increasing reputation and success. After a 
lapse of two years he again became a candi- 
date for congress; was re-elected, and took his 
seat in 1837. His past experience as a repre- 
sentative gave him strength and confidence. 
The first term of service in congress to any 
man can be but little more than an introduc- 
tion. He was now prepared for active duty. 
Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the state, and in the year 
1847 he was elected comptroller of the state. 

Fillmore had attained the age of forty- 
seven years. His labors at the bar, in the 
legislature, in congress, and as comptroller, 

had given him very considerable fame. The 
whigs were casting about to find suitable can- 
didates for president and vice president at the 
approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough 
old soldier, who had fought successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his 
name to be proclaimed in trumpet-tones all 
over the land. But it was necessary to asso- 
ciate with him, on the same ticket, some 
man of reputation as a statesman. Under the 
influence of these considerations, the names of 
Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying cry of the whigs, as their candi- 
dates for president and vice president. The 
whig ticket was signally triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugu- 
rated president, and Millard Fillmore vice 
president, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, Pres. Taylor, but 
one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By 
the constitution, Vice Pres. Fillmore thus be- 
came president. He appointed a very able 
cabinet, of which the illustrious Daniel Web- 
ster was secretary of state. 

Fillmore had very serious difficulties to 
contend with, since the opposition had a ma- 
jorty in both house. He did everything in 
his power to conciliate the south; but the pro- 
slavery party in the south felt the inadequacy 
of all measures of transient conciliation. The 
population of the free states was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave states that it 
was inevitable that the power of the govern- 
ment should soon pass into the hands of the 
free states. The famous compromise meas- 
ures were adopted under Fillmore's administra- 
tion, and the Japan expedition was sent out. 
On the 4th of March, 1853, Fillmore, having 
served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Fillmore was nominated for the 
presidency by the "know nothing" party, but 



was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the ter- 
rible conflict of civil war he was mostly silent. 
It was generally supposed that his sympathies 
were rather with those who were endeavoring 
to overthrow our institutions. He lived to a 
ripe old age, and died in Buffalo, N. Y. , 
March 8, 1874. 

BRANKLIN PIERCE, the fourteenth 
president of the United States, was born 
in Hillsborough, N. H., November 23, 
1804. Franklin was a very bright 
and handsome boy, generous, warm-hearted 
and brave. He won alike the love of old and 
young. The boys on the play ground loved 
him. His teachers loved him. The neigh- 
bors looked upon him with pride and affection. 
He was by instinct a gentleman; always speak- 
ing kind words, doing kind deeds, with a 
peculiar unstudied tact which taught him what 
was agreeable. Without developing any pre- 
cocity of genius, or any unnatural devotion to 
books, he was a good scholar; in body, in mind, 
in affections, a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen .years of age, in the year 
1820, he entered Bowdoin college at Bruns- 
wick, Maine. He was one of the most popu- 
lar young men in the college. The purity of 
his moral character, the unvarying courtesy of 
his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and genial 
nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning 
in his address, and it was evidently not in the 
slightest degree studied; it was the simple out- 
gushing of his own magnanimous and loving 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Frank- 
lin Pierce commenced the study of law in the 
office of Judge Woodbury, one of the most 
distinguished lawyers of the state, and a man 
of great private worth. The eminent social 

qualities of the young lawyer, his father's 
promince as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury 
was entering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce 
into the fascinating, yet perilous, path of po- 
litical life. With all the ardor of his nature 
he espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the 
presidency. He commenced the practice of 
law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected to 
represent the town in the state legislature. 
Here he served for four years. The last two 
years he was chosen speaker of the house by a 
very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of congress. Without tak- 
ing an active part in debates, he was faithful 
and laborious in duty, and ever rising in the 
estimation of those with whom he was associ- 
ated. In 1837, being then but thirty-three 
years of age, he was elected to the senate of 
the United States, taking his seat just as Mr. 
Van Buren commenced his administration. 
He was the youngest member in the senate. 
In the year 1S34 he married Miss Jane Means 
Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn 
every station with which her husband was 
honored. Of the three sons who were born 
to them, all now sleep with their parents in 
the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing business as a lawyer, took 
up his residence in Concord, the capital of 
New Hampshire. President Polk, upon his 
accession to office, appointed Mr. Pierce at- 
torney-general of the United States; but the 
offer was declined in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home and the 
precarious state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He 
also about the same time declined the nomina- 
tion for governor by the democratic party. 
The war with Mexico called Mr. Pierce to the 
army. Receiving the appointment of briga- 




dier-general, he embarked with a portion of 
his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of 
May, 1847. He took an important part in 
this war, proving himself a brave and true 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his 
native state he was received enthusiastically 
by the advocates of the Mexican war, and 
coldly by its opponents. He resumed the 
practice of his profession, very frequently tak- 
ing an active part in political questions, giving 
his cordial support to the pro-slavery wing of 
the demociatic party. The compromise meas- 
ures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the 
infamous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked 
the religious sensibilities of the north. He thus 
became distinguished as a "northern man with 
southern principles." The strong partisans of 
slavery in the south consequently regarded 
him as a man whom they could safely trust in 
office to carry out their plans. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1852, the democratic 
convention met in Baltimore to nominate a 
candidate for the presidency. For four days 
they continued in session, and in thirty-five 
ballotings no one had obtained a two-thirds 
vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delega- 
tion brought forward his name. There were 
fourteen more ballotings, during which Gen. 
Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at the 
forty-ninth ballot, he received 282 votes, ahd 
all other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield 
Scott was the whig candidate. Gen. Pierce 
was chosen with great unanimity. Only four 
states — Vermont, Massachusetts, Kentucky 
and Tennessee — cast their electoral votes 
against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce was there- 
fore inaugurated president of the United States 
on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our country had ever experienced. The 

controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It 
became evident that there was an "irrepress- 
ible conflict" between them, and that the 
nation could not long exist "half slave and 
half free." President Pierce, during the whole 
of his administration, did everything he could 
to conciliate the south; but it was all in vain. 
The conflict every year grew more and more 
violent, and threats of the dissolution of the 
Union were borne to the north on every 
southern breeze. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President 
Pierce retired to his home in Concord. Of 
three children, two had died, and his only sur- 
viving child had been killed before his eyes by 
a railroad accident; and his wife, one of the 
most estimable and accomplished of ladies, 
was rapidly sinking in consumption. The hour 
of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world without wjfe or child. 

Such was the condition of affairs when 
Pres. Pierce approached the close of his four 
years' term of office. The north had become 
thoroughly alienated from him. The anti- 
slavery sentiment, goaded by great outrages, 
had been rapidly increasing; all the intellectual 
ability and social worth of Pres. Pierce were 
forgotten in deep reprehension of his adminis- 
trative acts. The slaveholders of the south, 
also, unmindful of the fidelity with which he 
had advocated those measures of government 
which they approved, and perhaps, also, feel- 
ing that he had rendered himself so unpopular 
as no longer to be able acceptably to serve 
them, ungratefully dropped him, and nomi- 
nated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

When the terrible rebellion broke forth, 
which divided our country into two parties, 
Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the principles 
which he had always cherished and gave his 
sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined 



to do anything, either by voice or pen, to 
strengthen the hand of the national govern- 
ment. He continued to reside in Concord i 
until the time of his death, which occurred in 
October, 1869. He was one of the most genial 
and social of men, an honored communicant 
of the Episcopal church, and one of the kind- 
est of neighbors. Generous to a fault, he con- 
tributed liberally for the alleviation of suffer- 
ing and want, and many of his townspeople 
were often gladdened by his material bounty. 

WAMES BUCHANAN, the fifteenth presi- 
m dent of the United States, was born in 
#• ■ Franklin county, Pa., on the 23d of 
April, 1 79 1. His father was a native 
of the north of Ireland; a poor man, who had 
emigrated in 1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterward he 
married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a 
respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
ax, and settled down to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. In this secluded 
home, where James was born, he remained for 
eight years, enjoying but few social or intel- 
lectual advantages. When James was eight 
years of age his father removed to the village 
of Mercersburg, where his son was placed at 
school, and commenced a course of study in 
English, Latin and Greek. His progress was 
rapid, and at the age of fourteen he entered 
Dickenson college at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand 
among the first scholars of the institution. His 
application to study was intense, and yet his 
native powers enabled him to master the most 
abstruse subjects with facility. In the year 
1809, he graduated with the highest honors of 
his class. He was then eighteen years of age; 

tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened 
with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He 
immediately commenced the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
bar in 18 12, when he was but twenty-one 
years of age. Very rapidly he rose in his pro- 
fession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the state. When 
but twenty-six years of age, unaided by coun- 
sel, he successfully defended before the state 
senate one of the judges of the state, who was 
tried upon articles of impeachment. At the 
age of thirty it was generally admitted that he 
stood at the head of the bar. 

In 1820 he reluctantly consented to run as 
a candidate for congress. He was elected, 
and for ten years he remained a member of 
the lower house. During the vacations of 
congress, he occasionaily tried some important 
case. In 183 1 he retire i altogether from the 
toils of his profession, having acquired an 
ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the 
presidency, appointed Mr. Buchanan minister 
to Russia. The duties of his mission he per- 
formed with ability which gave satisfaction to 
all parties. Upon his return, in 1833, he was 
elected to a seat in the United States senate. 
He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated 
the measures proposed by Pres. Jackson, of 
making reprisals against France, to enforce 
the payment of our claims against that country: 
and defended the course of the president in 
his unprecedented and wholesale removal from 
office of those who were not supporters of his 
administration. Upon this question he was 
brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated ex- 
punging from the journal of the senate the 
vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed 




the abolition of slavery in the District of Co- 
lumbia, and urged the prohibition of the circu- 
lation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mail. 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the presi- 
dency, Mr. Buchanan became secretary of 
state, and as such took his share of the respon- 
sibility in the conduct of the Mexican war. Mr. 
Polk assumed that crossing the Nueces by the 
American troops into the disputed territory was 
not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross the 
Rio Grande into that territory was a declara- 
tion of war. Mr. Buchanan identified himself 
thoroughly with the party devoted to the per- 
petuation and extension of slavery, and brought 
all the energies of his mind to bear against the 
Wilmot Proviso. He gave his approval of 
the compromise measures of 1850, which in- 
cluded the fugitive slave law. Mr. Pierce, upon 
his election to the presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national democratic 
convention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the 
presidency. The political conflict was one of 
the most severe in which our country has ever 
engaged. All the friends of slavery were on 
one side; all the advocates of its restriction 
and final abolition on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, 
received 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan 
received 174, and was elected. The popular 
vote stood 1,341,264 for Fremont, 1,838,160 
for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, Mr. Bu- 
chanan was inaugurated. Mr. Buchanan was 
far advanced in life. Only four years were 
wanting to fill up his three score years and 
ten. His own friends — those with whom he 
had been allied in political principles and 
action for years — were seeking the destruction 
of the government, that they might rear upon 
the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose corner stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hope- 

lessly bewildered. He could not, with his 
long avowed principles, consistently oppose 
the state-rights party in their assumptions. 
As president of the United States, bound by 
his oath faithfully to administer the laws, he 
could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the 
republic. He therefore did nothing. Mr. 
Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to 
offer them far more than they had ventured to 
claim. All the south had professed to ask of 
the north was non-interference with the sub- 
ject of slavery. Mr. Buchanan had been 
ready to offer them the active co-operation of 
the government to defend and extend the in- 
stitution. As the storm increased in violence, 
the slave holders claiming the right to secede, 
and Mr. Buchanan avowing that congress had 
no power to prevent it, one of the most piti- 
able exhibitions of governmental imbecility 
was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that congress had no power to enforce 
its laws in any state which had withdrawn, or 
which was attempting to withdraw from the 
Union. This was not the doctrine of Andrew 
Jackson, when, with his hand upon his sword 
hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union must and 
shall be preserved." 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration 
of Pres. Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Fort Sumter was besieged; our 
forts, navy yards and arsenals were seized; 
our depots of military stores were plundered; 
and our custom houses and post offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. The energy of 
the rebels, and the imbecility of our executive, 
were alike marvelous. The nation looked on 
in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glidf 
away and close the administration, so terrible 
in its weakness. At length the long looked 



for hour of deliverance came, when Abraham 
Lincoln was to receive the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan 
was certainly the most calamitous our country 
has experienced. His best friends cannot re- 
call it with pleasure. And still more deplor- 
able it is for his fame, that in that dreadful 
conflict which rolled its billows of flame and 
blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our 
country's banner should triumph over the flag 
of the rebellion. He died at his Wheatland 
retreat, June i, 1S68. 

HBRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteeeth 
president of the United States, was 
born in Hardin county, Ky. , Febru- 
ary 12, 1809. About the year 1780, 
a man by the name of Abraham Lincoln left 
Virginia with his family and moved into the 
then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years after 
this emigration, still a young man, while work- 
ing one day in a field, he was stealthily ap- 
proached by an Indian and shot dead. His 
widow was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two girls, 
Thomas, the youngest of the boys, was four 
years of age at his father's death. This 
Thomas was the father of Abraham Lincoln, 
the president of the United States, whose 
name must henceforth forever be enrolled with 
the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
When twenty-eight years of age Thomas 
Lincoln built a log cabin of his own, and mar- 
ried Nancy Hanks, the daughter of another 
family of poor Kentucky emigrants, who had 
also come from Virginia. Their second child 
was Abraham Lincoln. The mother of Abra- 
ham was a noble woman, gentle, loving, pen- 
sive; created to adorn a palace, doomed to 
toil and pine, and die in a hovel. "All that I 

am, or hope to be," exclaims the grateful son, 
"I owe to my angel mother." 

When Abraham was eight years of age, his 
father sold his cabin and farm, and moved to 
Harrison county, Ind, where two years later 
his mother died. Abraham soon became the 
scribe of the uneducated community around 
him. He could not have had a better school 
than this to.teach him to put thoughts into 
words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few; but these he 
read and re-read until they were almost com- 
mitted to memory. As the years rolled on, 
the lot of this lowly family was the usual lot of 
humanity. There were joys and griefs, wed- 
dings and funerals. Abraham's sister, Sarah, 
to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, 
and soon died. The family was gradually 
scattered. Thomas Lincoln sold out his 
squatter's claim in 1830, and emigrated to 
Macon county, 111. Abraham Lincoln was 
then twenty-one years of age. With vigorous 
hands he aided his father in rearing another 
log cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, 
and their small lot of inclosed prairie planted 
with corn, when he announced to his father 
his intention to leave home, and to go out into 
the world and seek his fortune. Little did he 
or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the 
ruin which ardent spirits were causing, and 
became strictly temperate; refusing to allow a 
drop of intoxicating liquor to pass his lips. 
And he had read in God's word, "Thou shalt 
not take the name of the Lord thy God in 
vain;" and a profane expression he was never 
heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncor.taminated 
by a single vice. 




Young Abraham worked for a time as a 
hired laborer among the farmers. Then he 
went to Springfield, where he was employed in 
building a large flat-boat. In this he took a 
herd of swine, floated them down the Sanga- 
mon to the Illinois, and thence by the Missis- 
sippi to New Orleans. In this adventure his 
employers were so well pleased, that upon his 
return they placed a store and mill under his 
care. In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black 
Hawk war, he enlisted and was chosen captain 
of a company. He returned to Sangamon 
county, and although only twenty-three years 
of age, was a candidate for the legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon afterward received 
from Andrew Jackson the appointment of post- 
master of New Salem. His only postoffice 
was his hat. All the letters he received he 
carried there ready to deliver to those he 
chanced to meet. He studied surveying and 
soon made this his business. In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the legislature, and 
was elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, ad- 
vised him to study law. He walked from New 
Salem to Springfield, borrowed of Mr. Stuart 
a load of books, carried them back and began 
his legal studies. When the legislature assem- 
bled he trudged on foot with his pack on his 
back 100 miles to Vandalia, then the capital. 
In 1836 he was re-elected to the legislature. 
Here it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. 
In 1839 he removed to Springfield and began 
the practice of law. His success with the jury 
was so great that he was soon engaged in al- 
most every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between 
Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery 
question. In the organization of the republi- 
can party in Illinois, in 1856, he took an active 
part, and at once became one of the leaders in 
that party. Mr. Lincoln's speeches in opposi- 
tion to Senator Douglas in the contest in 1858 
for a seat in the senate, form a most notable 

part of his history. The issue was en the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground 
of the Declaration of Independence, that all 
men are created equal. Mr. Lincoln was de- 
feated in this contest, but won a far higher 
prize — the presidency. 

The great republican convention met at 
Chicago on the 16th of June, i860. The del- 
egates and strangers who crowded the city 
amounted to 25,000. An immense building, 
called "The Wigwam," was reared to accom- 
modate the convention. There were eleven 
candidates for whom votes were cast. William 
H. Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman 
had long filled the land, was the most prom- 
inent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, 
received the nomination on the third ballot. 
Little did he then dream of the weary years of 
toil and care, and the bloody death, to which 
that nomination doomed him; and as little did 
he dream that he was to render services to his 
country which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would 
give him a place in the affections of his coun- 
trymen, second only, if second, to that of 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln re- 
ceived 1 80 electoral votes out of 203 cast, and 
was, therefore, constitutionally elected presi- 
dent of the United States. The tirade of 
abuse that was poured upon this good and 
merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, 
was greater than upon any other man ever 
elected to this high position. In February, 
1 86 1, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, 
stopping in all the large cities on his way, 
making speeches. The whole journey was 
fraught with much danger. Many of the 
southern states had already seceded, and sev- 
eral attempts at assassination were afterward 
brought to light. A gang in Baltimore had 
arranged, upon his arrival, to "get up a row," 



and in the confusion to make sure of his death 
with revolvers and hand grenades. A detect- 
ive unraveled the plot. A secret and special 
train was provided to take him from Harris- 
burg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 
hour of the night. The train started at half- 
past ten; and to prevent any possible com- 
munication on the part of the secessionists 
with their confederate gang in Baltimore, as 
soon as the train had started the telegraph 
wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln reached Wash- 
ington in safety and was inaugurated, although 
great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln 
gave to Mr. Seward the department of state, 
and to other prominent opponents before the 
convention he gave important positions. 

During no other administration have the 
duties devolving upon the president been so 
manifold, and the responsibilities so great, as 
those which fell to the lot of President Lincoln. 
Knowing this, and feeling his own weakness 
and inability to meet, and in his own strength 
to cope with the difficulties, he early learned 
to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in deter- 
mining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, both personal and national. Contrary 
to his own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln 
was one of the most courageous of men. He 
went directly into the rebel capital just as the 
retreating foe was leaving, with no guard but 
a few sailors. From the time he had left 
Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell 
a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, 
with General Grant, was urgently invited to 
attend Ford's theater. It was announced that 
they would be present. Gen. Grant, however, 
left the city. Pres. Lincoln, feeling, with his 
characteristic kindliness of heart, that it would 
be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While 
listening to the play an actor by the name of 

John Wilkes Booth entered the box where the 
president and family were seated, and fired a 
bullet into his brains. He died the next morn- 
ing at seven o'clock, and now, if never before, 
the nation was plunged into the deepest 
mourning, and truly mourned the "country's 

HNDREW JOHNSON, the seventeenth 
president of the United States, was 
born December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, 
N. C. When Andrew was five years 
of age, his father accidentally lost his life 
while heroically endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, An- 
drew was a ragged boy about the streets, sup- 
ported by the labor of his mother, who ob- 
tained her living with her own hands. He 
then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A 
gentleman was in the habit of going to the 
tailor's shop occasionally and reading to the 
boys at work there. He often read from the 
speeches of distinguished British statesmen. 
Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of 
more than ordinary native ability, became 
much interested in these speeches; his ambi- 
tion was roused, and he was inspired with a 
strong desire to learn to read. He according- 
ly applied himself to the alphabet, and, with 
the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the 
gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only 
gave him the book, but assisted him in learn- 
ing to combine the letters into words. Under 
such difficulties he pressed onward laboriously, 
spending usually ten or twelve hours at work 
in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could 
to reading. 




He went to Tennessee in 1826 and located 
at Greenville, where he married a young lady 
who possessed some education. Under her 
instructions he learned to write and cipher. 
He became prominent in the village debating 
society, and a favorite with the students of 
Greenville college. In 1828 he organized a 
workingman's party, which elected him alder- 
man, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. He now began 
to take a lively interest in political affairs, 
identifying himself with the working classes to 
which he belonged. In 1835 he was elected 
a member of the house of representatives of 
Tennessee. He was then just twenty-seven 
years' of age. He became a very active mem- 
ber of the legislature, gave his adhesion to the 
democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
state," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims 
to the presidency in opposition to those of 
Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he ac- 
quired much readiness as a speaker, and ex- 
tended and increased his reputation. 

In 1 841 he was elected state senator; in 
1843 he was elected a member of congress, 
and by successive elections held that important 
post for ten years. In 1853 he was elected 
governor of Tennessee, and was re-elected in 
1855. In all these responsible positions he 
discharged his duties with distinguished ability 
and proved himself the friend of the working 
classes. In 1857 Mr. Johnson was elected a 
United States senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly ad- 
vocated the annexation of Texas, stating 
however, as his reason, that he thought 
this annexation would probably prove "to be 
the gateway out of which the sable sons of Africa 
are to pass from bondage to freedom, and be- 
come merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850 he also supported the 
compromise measures, the two essential fea- 

tures of which were, that the white people 
of the territories should be permitted to de- 
cide for themselves whether they would en- 
slave the colored people or not, and that the 
free states of the north should return to the 
south persons who attempted to escape from 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his 
lowly origin; on the contrary he often took 
pride in avowing that he owed his distinction 
to his own exertions. "Sir," said he on the 
floor of the senate, "I do not forget that I 
am a mechanic; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig leaves, and that our 
Savior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of 
1 860, he was the choice of the Tennessee 
democrats for the presidency. In 1861, when 
the purpose of the southern democracy became 
apparent, he took a decided stand in favor of 
the Union, and held "slavery must be held 
subordinate to the Union at whatever cost." 
He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly im- 
periled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennessee. Tennessee having seceded from 
the Union, President Lincoln, on March 4, 
1862, appointed him military governor of the 
state, and he established the most stringent 
military rule. His numerous proclamations 
attracted wide attention. In 1864 he was 
elected vice president of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became president. In a speech two days later 
he said: "The American people must be 
taught, if they do not already feel, that trea- 
son is a crime and must be punished; that the 
government will not always bear with its ene- 
mies; that it is strong not only to protect, but 
to punish. * * The people must under- 
stand that it (treason) is the blackest of crimes 
and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well 



known, was in utter inconsistency with, and 
the most violent opposition to, the principles 
laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and 
general amnesty he was opposed by congress; 
and he characterized congress as a new rebel- 
lion, and lawlessly defied it in everything pos- 
sible to the utmost. In the beginning of 1868, 
on account of "high crimes and misdemean- 
ors," the principal of which was the removal 
of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office act, articles of impeachment 
were preferred against him, and the trial began 
March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly 
three months. A test article of the impeach- 
ment was at length submitted to the court for 
its action. It was certain that as the court 
voted upon that article, so would it vote upon 
all. Thirty-four voices pronounced the presi- 
dent guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced 
acquitted, notwithstanding the great majority 
against him. The change of one vote from 
the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The president for the remainder of his 
term was but little regarded. He continued, 
though impotently, his conflict with congress. 
His own party did not think it expedient to 
renominate him for the presidency. The bul- 
let of the assassin introduced him to the presi- 
dent's chair. Notwithstanding this, never 
was there presented to a man a better oppor- 
tunity to immortalize his name and win the 
gratitude of a nation. He failed utterly. He 
retired to his home in Greenville, Tenn., tak- 
ing no very active part in politics until 1875. 
On January 26, after an exciting struggle, he 
was chosed by the legislature of Tennessee 
United States senator in the forty-fourth con- 
gress; and took his seat in that body at the 
special session convened by President Grant 

on the 5th of March. On the 27th of July, 
1875, the ex-president made a visit to his 
daughter's home, near Carter Station, Tenn. 
When he started on his journey he was appar- 
ently in his usual vigorous health, but on 
reaching the residence of his child the follow- 
ing day was stricken with paralysis, rendering 
him unconscious. He rallied occasionally, but 
finally passed away at 2 A. M., July 31, aged 
sixty-seven years. He was buried at Green- 
ville, on the 3d of August, 1875. 

aLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth 
president of the United States, was 
born on the 29th of April, 1822, of 
christian parents, in a humble home, 
at Point P'easant, Va. , on the banks of the Ohio. 
Shortly after his father moved to Georgetown, 
Brown county, Ohio. In this remote frontier 
hamlet, Ulysses received a common school 
education. At the age of seventeen, in the 
year 1839, he entered the Military academy at 
West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respect- 
able rank as a scholar. In June, 1843, he 
graduated, about the middle in his class, and 
was sent as lieutenant of infantry to one of 
the distant military posts in the Missouri terri- 
tory. Two years he passed in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasper- 
ating Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant 
was sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. 
His first battle was at Palo Alto. There was 
no chance here for the exhibition of either 
skill or heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, 
his second battle. At the battle of Monterey, 
his third engagement, it is said that he per- 
formed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its 
ammunition. A messenger must be sent for 




If 'Ssfc 





■Si-:*. . ™ 






'^ ■j-W^Kk 

f/ : ' 

f< Q^ J! 

t' ~^i*'\- Jr 

■^ *- 


ityLYSSErs s. grant. 



more, along a route exposed to the bullets of 
the foe. Lieut. Grant, adopting an expedient 
learned of the Indians, grasped the mane of 
his horse, and hanging upon one side of the 
animal, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 
From Monterey he was sent, with the Fourth 
infantry, to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of 
Vera Cruz. In preparation for the march to 
the city of Mexico, he was appointed quarter- 
master of his regiment. At the battle of 
Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a first 
lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at 

At the close of the Mexican war, Capt. 
Grant returned with his regiment to New 
York, and was again sent to one of the mili- 
tary posts on the frontier. The discovery of 
gold in California causing an immense tide of 
emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent, with a battalion, to Fort 
Dallas, in Oregon, for the protection of the 
interests of the emigrants. Life was weari- 
some in those wilds. Capt. Grant resigned 
his commission and returned to the states; 
and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He 
had but little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil 
not remunerative, he turned to mercantile 
life, entering into the leather business, with a 
younger brother at Galena, 111. This was in 
the year 1 860. As the tidings of the rebels 
firing on Fort Sumter reached the ears of 
Capt. Grant in his counting room, he said — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; 
though I have served him through one war, I 
do not feel that I have yet repaid the debt. 
I am still ready to discharge my obligations. I 
shall therefore buckle on my sword and see 
Uncle Sam through this war, too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company 
of volunteers, and led them, as their captain, 
to Springfield, the capital of the state, where 
their services were offered to Gov. Yates. The 

governor, impressed by the zeal and straight- 
forward executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave 
him a desk in his office, to assist in the volun- 
teer organization that was being formed in the 
state in behalf of the government. On the 
1 5th of June, 1861, Capt. Grant received a 
commission as colonel of the Twenty-first 
regiment of Illinois volunteers. His merits as 
a West Point graduate, who had served for 
fifteen years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
brigadier general and was placed in command 
at Cairo. The rebels raised their flag at Pa- 
ducah, near the mouth of the Tennessee river. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared ere Gen. Grant 
was there. The rebels fled. Their banner 
fell, and the stars and stripes were unfurled in 
its stead. 

At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort 
Henry won another victory. Then came the 
brilliant fight at Fort Donelson. The nation 
was electrified by the victory, and the brave 
leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a major general, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew 
well how to secure the results of a victory. He 
immediately pushed on to the enemy's lines. 
Then came the terrible battles of Pittsburg 
Landing, Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, 
where Gen. Pemberton made an unconditional 
surrender of the city with over 30,000 men 
and 172 cannon. The fall of Vicksburg was 
by far the most severe blow which the rebels 
had thus far encountered, and opened up the 
Mississippi from Cario to the gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate 
with Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, 
and proceeded to New Orleans, where he was 
thrown from his horse and received severe in- 
juries, from which he was laid up for months. 
He then rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans 



and Thomas at Chattanooga, and by a won- 
derful series of strategtic and technical measures 
put the Union army' in fighting condition. 
Then followed the bloody battles of Chatta- 
nooga, Lookout Mountain and Missionary 
Ridge, in which the rebels were routed with 
great loss. This won for him unbounded 
praise in the north. On the 4th of February, 
1864, congress revived the grade of lieutenant 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. 
Grant. He repaired to Washington to receive 
his credentials and enter upon the duties of his 
new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took 
charge of the army to concentrate the widely 
dispersed national troops for an attack on 
Richmond, the nominal capital of the rebel- 
lion, and endeavor there to destroy the rebel 
armies which would be promptly assembled 
from all quarters for its defense. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp 
of these majestic armies, rushing to the deci- 
sive battle-field. Steamers were crowded with 
troops; railway trains were burdened with 
closely packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at 
the surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent 
instrument in its salvation. The eminent 
services he had thus rendered the country 
brought him conspicuously forward as the re- 
publican candidate for the presidential chair. 
At the republican convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated 
for the presidency, and at the autumn elec- 
tion received a majority of the popular 
vote, and 214 out of 294 electoral votes. The 
national convention of the republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 

1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a 
second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphatically endorsed by the people 
five months later, 292 electoral votes being 
cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, 
Gen. Grant started upon his famous trip 
around the world. He visited almost every 
country of the civilized world, and was every- 
where received with such ovations and demon- 
strations of respect and honor, private, as well 
as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate 
before the republican national convention i.i 
1 880 for a renomination for president. But he 
went to New York and embarked in the 
brokerage business under the firm name of 
Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was 
sent to the penitentiary. The general was 
attacked with cancer in the throat, but suffered 
in his stoic-like manner, never complaining. 
He was re-instated general of the army and 
retired by congress. The cancer soon finished 
its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, the nation 
went in mourning over the death of the illus- 
trious general. 

kS~\ UTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nine- 
I /^ teenth president of the United States, 
T was born in Delaware, Ohio, October 
4, 1852, almost three months after 
the death of his father, Rutherford Hayes. 
His ancestry, an both the paternal and mater- 
nal sides, was of the most honorable character. 
It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. 
Both families belonged to the nobility, owned 
extensive estates, and had a large following. 




Misfortune overtaking the family, George 
Hayes left Scotland in 1680, and settled in 
Windsor, Conn. His son George was born 
in Windsor, and remained there during his 
life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, married 
Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his 
marriage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and 
was a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, 
Conn. Rutherford Hayes, son of 'Ezekiel and 
grandfather of President Hayes, was born in 
New Haven, in August, 1.756. He was a 
farmer, blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He 
emigrated to Vermont at an unknown date, 
settling in Brattleboro, where he established a 
hotel. Here his son, Rutherford Hayes, the 
lather of President Hayes, was born. He was 
married, in September, 18 13, to Sophia Bir- 
chard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they hav- 
ing been among the wealthiest and best fami- 
lies of Norwich. Her ancestry on the male 
side are traced back to 1635, to John Bir- 
chard, one of the principal founders of Nor- 
wich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary war. 

The father of President Hayes was an in- 
dustrious, frugal and open-hearted man. He 
was of a mechanical turn, and could mend a 
plow, knit a stocking, or do almost any- 
thing else that he chose to undertake. He 
was a member of the church, active in all the 
benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on christian principles. 
After the close of the war of 18 12, for reasons 
inexplicable to his neighbors, he resolved to 
emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that 
day, when there were no canals, steamers, nor 
railways, was a very serious affair. A tour of 
inspection was first made, occupying four 
months. Mr. Hayes determined to move to 
Delaware, where the family arrived in 1817. 

He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth 
of the son, of whom we now write. Mrs. 
Hayes, in her sore bereavement, found the 
support she so much needed in her brother 
Sardis, who had been a member of the house- 
hold from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, 
and the subject of this sketch was so feeble at 
birth that he was not expected to live beyond 
a month or two at most. As the months went 
by he grew weaker and weaker, so that the 
neighbors were in the habit of inquiring from 
time to time "if Mrs. Hayes' baby died last 
night." On one occasion a neighbor, who 
was on familiar terms with the family, after 
alluding to the boy's big head, and the moth- 
er's assiduous care of him, said in a bantering 
way, "That's right! Stick to him. You have 
got him along so far, and I shouldn't wonder 
if he would really come to something yet." 

"You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. 
"You wait and see. You can't tell but I 
shall make him president of the United States 
yet." The boy lived in spite of the universal 
predictions of his speedy death; and when, in 
1825, his older brother was drowned, he be- 
came, if possible, still dearer to his mother. 

The boy was seven years old before he 
went to school. His education, however, was 
not neglected. He probably learned as much 
from his mother and sister as he would have 
done at school. His sports were almost wholly 
within doors, his playmates being his sister 
and her associates. His uncle Sardis Birchard 
took the deepest interest in his education; and 
as the boy's health had improved, and he was 
making good progress in his studies, he pro- 
posed to send him to college. His preparation 
commenced with a tutor at home; but he was 
afterward sent for one year to a professor in 



the Wesleyan university, in Middletown, Conn. 
He entered Kenyon college in 1838, at the 
age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began 
the study of law in the office of Thomas Spar- 
row, Esq., in Columbus. Finding his oppor- 
tunities for study in Columbus somewhat 
limited, he determined to enter the law school 
at Cambridge, Mass., where he remained two 
years. In 1845, after graduating at the law 
school, he was admitted to the barat Marietta, 
Ohio, and shortly afterward went into practice 
as an attorney-at-law with Ralph P. Buck- 
land, of Fremont. Here he remained three 
years, acquiring but a limited practice, and 
apparently unambitious of distinction in his 

In 1849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his 
ambition found a new stimulus. Two events, 
occurring at this period, had a powerful influ- 
ence upon his subsequent life. One of these 
was his marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, 
daughter of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; 
the other was his introduction to the Cincin- 
nati Literary club, a body embracing among 
its members such men as Chief Justice Salmon 
P. Chase, Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F 
Noyes, and many others hardly less distin- 
guished in after life. The marriage was a 
fortunate one in every respect, as everybody 
knows. Not one of all the wives of our presi- 
dents was more universally admired, rever- 
enced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor 
upon American womanhood. The Literary 
club brought Mr. Hayes into constant associa- 
tion with young men of high character and 
noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 
extreme modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of 
judge of the court of common pleas; but he 

declined to accept the nomination. Two 
years later, the office of city solicitor becoming 
vacant, the city council elected him for the un- 
expired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the rebellion broke out, he 
was at the zenith of his professional life. His 
rank at the bar was among the first. But the 
news of the attack on Fort Sumter found him 
eager to take up arms for the defense of his 
beloved country. 

His military record was bright and illus- 
trious. In October, 1861, he was made 
lieutenant-colonel, and August, 1862, promoted 
colonel of the Seventy-ninth Ohio regiment, 
but he refused to leave his old comrades and 
go among strangers. Subsequently, however, 
he was made colonel of his old regiment. At 
the battle of South Mountain he received a 
wound, and while faint and bleeding displayed 
courage and fortitude that won admiration 
from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as brigadier-general, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kana- 
wha division, and for gallant and meritorious 
services in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's 
Hill and Cedar Creek, he was promoted briga- 
dier-general. He was also brevetted major- 
general "for gallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1S64 in West Vir- 
ginia." In the course of his arduous services 
four horses were shot from under him, and he 
was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to con- 
gress, from the Second Ohio district, which 
had long been democratic. He was not pres- 
ent during the campaign, and after his election 
was importuned to resign his commission in 
the army; but he finally declared: " I shall 
never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected 
in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen. Hayes was elected governor 

;.-'.' ^ 



tW^W' JBwPlliBSs /wlfflB 


' iS?WBlBMTiiwl^«" i irr : 


;.■ ■■£■'■ ■';. #■ 
£ f ^ ' 




of Ohio over Hon, Allen G. Thurman, a popu- 
lar democrat. In 1869 was re-elected over 
George H. Pendleton. He was elected gov- 
ernor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the 
republican party in the presidential contest, 
and, after a hard, long contest, was chosen 
president, and was inaugurated Monday, March 
5. 1875. 

He served one full term of four years, then 
retired to his peaceful home, where he expired 
January 17, 1893. 

>^*AMES A. GARFIELD, twentieth pres- 
m ident of the United States, was born 
/* 1 November 19, 1831, in the woods of 
Orange, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. His 
parents were Abram and Eliza (Ballou) Gar- 
field, both of New England ancestry, and from 
families well known in the early history of that 
section of our country, but had moved to the 
Western Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was born 
was about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the 
spaces between the logs filled with clay. His 
father was a hard-working farmer, and he soon 
had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, and 
a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children — 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and James. In 
May, 1823, the father, from a cold contracted 
in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months 
old, and Thomas about ten years old. He 
now lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live 
in Solon, Ohio, near their birth-place. 

The early educational advantages young 
Garfield enjoyed were very limited, yet he 
made the most of them. He labored at farm 
work for others, did carpenter work, chopped 

wood, or did anything that would bring in a 
few dollars. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever 
ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot the 
friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood, neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the 
humblest friend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield 
until he was about sixteen years old was to be 
a captain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was 
anxious to go aboard a vessel, which his 
mother strongly opposed. She finally con- 
sented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to 
obtain some other kind of employment. He 
walked all the way to Cleveland. After 
making many applications for work, and try- 
ing to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meet- 
ing with success, he engaged as a driver for his 
cousin, Amos Letcher, on the Ohio & Penn- 
sylvania canal. He remained at this work 
but a short time when he went home, and 
attended the seminary at Chester for about 
three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic institute, teaching a few terms of 
school in the meantime, and doing other work. 
This school was started by the Disciples of 
Christ in 1850, of which church he was then 
a member. He became janitor and bell-ringer 
in order to help pay his way. He then be- 
came both teacher and pupil. In the fall of 
1854, he entered Williams college, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the high- 
est honors of his class. He afterward re- 
turned to Hiram college as its president. Dr. 
Noah Porter, president of Yale college, says ot 
him in reference to his religion: 

"President Garfield was more than a man 
of strong moral and religious convictions. His 
whole history, from boyhood to the las'i. 
shows that duty to man and to God, and de- 
votion to Christ and life and faith and spiritual 



commission were controlling springs of his 
being, and to a more than usual degree." 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with 
Miss Lucretia Rudolph, November 1 1, 1S58, 
who proved herself worthy as the wife of one 
whom all the world loved and mourned. To 
them were born seven children, five of whom 
are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political 
speeches in 1856, in Hiram and the neighbor- 
ing villages, and thrje years later he began to 
speak at county mass meetings, and became 
the favorite speaker wherever he was. Dur- 
ing this year he was elected to the Ohio 
senate. He also began to study law at Cleve- 
land, and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. 
The great rebellion broke out in the early part 
of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once resolved 
to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to de- 
fend the old flag. He received his commission 
as lieutenant-colonel of the Forty-second reg- 
iment of Ohio volunteer infantry, August 14, 
1 86 1. He was immediately put into active 
service, and before he had ever seen a gun 
fired in action, was placed in command of four 
regiments of infantry and eight companies of 
cavalry, charged with the work of driving out 
of his native state the officer (Humphrey Mar- 
shall) reputed to be the ablest of those, not 
educated to war, whom Kentucky had given to 
the rebellion. This work was bravely and 
speedily accomplished, although against great 
odds. President Lincoln, on his success, com- 
missioned him brigadier general, January 10, 
1862; and as "he had been the youngest man 
in the Ohio senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest general in the army." 
He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in 
its operations around Corinth and its march 
through Alabama. He was then detailed as a 
member of the general court-martial for the 
trial of Fitz-John Porter. He was then or- 
dered to report to Gen. Rosecrans, and was 

assigned to the chief of staff. The military 
history of Gen. Garfield closed with his brill- 
iant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the major-general. 

Without an effort on his part Gen. Garfield 
was elected to congress in the fall of 1862 
from the Nineteenth district of Ohio. This 
section of Ohio had been represented in con- 
gress for sixty years mainly by two men — 
Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua R. Giddings. It 
was not without a struggle that he resigned 
his place in the army. At the time he entered 
congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. Here he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected president in 1880. 
Of his labors in congress Senator Hoar savs: 
"Since the year 1864 you cannot think of a 
question which has been debated in congress, 
or discussed before a tribunal of the American 
people, in regard to which you will not find, 
if you wish instruction, the argument on one 
side stated, in almost every instance, better 
than by anybod)' else, in some speech made in 
the house of representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was 
elected to the United States senate, and on 
the 8th of June, of the same year, was nom- 
inated as the candidate of his party for presi- 
dent at the great Chicago convention. He was 
elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably 
no administration ever opened its existence 
under brighter auspices than that of President 
Garfield, and every day it grew in favor with 
the people, and by the first of July he had 
completed all the initiatory and preliminary 
work of his administration and was preparing 
to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams college. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary Blaine, a 
man stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and 
fired directly at his back. The president 





tottered and fell, and as he did so the assassin 
fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the left 
coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no 
further injury. For eighty days all during 
the hot months of July and August, he lingered 
and suffered. He, however, remained master 
of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the 
world the noblest of human lessons — how to 
live grandly in the very clutch of death. He 
passed serenely away September 19, 1881, at 
Elberon, N. J., on the seashore, where he had 
been taken shortly previous. The murderer 
was tried, found guilty and executed, in one 
year after he committed the foul deed. 

a HESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first 
president of the United States, was 
born in Franklin county, Vermont, 
on the fifth of October, 1830, and is 
the eldest of a family of two sons and five 
daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who 
emigrated to this country from the county 
Antrim, Ireland, in his eighteenth year, and 
died in 1875, m Newtonville, near Albany, N. 
Y. , after a long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at Union col- 
lege, Schenectady, N. Y. , where he excelled 
in all his studies. After his graduation, he 
taught school in Vermont for two years, and 
at the expiration of that time went to New 
York, with $500 in his pocket, and entered 
the office of ex-Judge E. D. Culver, as student. 
After being admited to the bar he formed a 
partnership with his intimate friend and room- 
mate, Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention 
of practicing in the west, and for three months 
they roamed about in the western states in 
search of an eligible site, but in the end re- 
turned to New York, where they entered upon 
a successful career almost from the start. 

Gen. Arthur soon afterward married the daugh- 
ter of Lieut. Herndon, of the United States 
navy, who was lost at sea. Congress voted a 
gold medal to his widow in recognition of the 
bravery he displayed on that occasion. Mrs. 
Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's nomi- 
nation to the vice presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal 
celebrity in his first great case, the famous 
Lemmon suit, brought to recover possession of 
eight slaves who had been declared free by 
Judge Paine, of the superior court of New 
York city. It was in 1852 that Jonathan 
Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, 
when they were discovered and freed. The 
judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave law. A 
howl of rage went up from the south, and the 
Virginia legislature authorized the attorney 
general of that state to assist in an appeal. 
William M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur 
were employed to represent the people, and 
they won their case, which then went to the 
supreme court of the United States. Charles 
O'Conor here espoused the cause of the slave- 
holders, but he too, was beaten by Messrs. 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken 
toward the emanicipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by 
Gen. Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Liz- 
zie Jennings, a respectable colored woman, 
was put ofi a Fourth avenue car with violence 
after she had paid her fare. Gen. Arthursued 
on her behalf, and secured a verdict of $500 
damages. The next day the company issued 
an order to admit colored persons to ride on 
their cars, and the other car companies quickly 
followed their example. Before that the Sixth 
avenue company ran a few special cars for col- 
ored persons and the other lines refused to let 
them ride at all. 



Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the conven- 
tion at Saratoga that founded the republican 
party. Previous to the war he was judge-ad- 
vocate of the Second brigade of the state of 
New York, and Governor Morgan, of that 
state, appointed him engineer-in-chief of his 
staff. In 1 86 1, he was made inspector gen- 
eral, and soon afterward became quartermas- 
ter general. In each of these offices he ren- 
dered great service to the government during 
the war. At the end of Gov. Morgan's term 
he resumed the practice of the law, forming a 
partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then Mr. 
Phelps, the district attorney of New York, 
was added to the firm. The legal practice of 
this well known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive; each of the gentlemen composing it was 
an able lawyer, and possessed a splendid local 
reputation, if not indeed one of national 

Arthur was appointed collector of the port 
of New York by President Grant, November 
21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, and 
held the office until July 20, 1878, when he 
was succeeded by Collector Merritt. Mr. 
Arthur was nominated on the presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous national republican convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assem- 
bled on the continent. It was composed of 
the leading politicians of the republican party, 
all able men, and all stood firm and fought 
vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the con- 
vention for the nomination. Finally Gen. 
Garfield received the nomination for president 
and Gen. Arthur for vice president. The cam- 
paign which followed was one of the most 
animated known in the history of our country. 
Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of the 
democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were 
inaugurated March 4, 1881, as president and 
vice-president. A few months only had passed 
ere the newly chosen president was the 
victim of the assassin's bullet. The remarka- 
ble patience that Garfield manifested during 
those hours and weeks, and even months, of 
the most terrible suffering man has often been 
called upon to endure, was seemingly more 
than human. It was certainly God-like. 
During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it 
said to his credit, that his every action dis- 
played only an earnest desire that the suffer- 
ing Garfield might recover, to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously 
begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the 
most honored position in the world was at any 
moment likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering. Then it be- 
came the duty of the vice president to assume 
the responsibilities of the high office, and he 
took the oath in New York, September 20, 
1 88 1. The position was an embarrassing one 
to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he 
would do, what policy he would pursue, and 
whom he would select as advisers. The duties 
of the office had been greatly neglected during 
the president's long illness, and many import- 
ant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances 
he became president, and knew the feelings of 
many on this point. Under these trying cir- 
cumstances President Arthur took the reins of 
the government in his own hands; and as em- 
barrassing as was the condition of afiairs, he 
happily surprised the nation, actign so wisely 
that but few criticised his administration. He 




served until the close of his administration, 
March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at 
Chicago, and was received with great favor, 
and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would 
have been selected as the standard-bearer of 
his party for another campaign. He retired 
to private life carrying with him the best 
wishes of the American people, whom he had 
served in a manner satisfactory to them and 
with credit to himself. Although not a man 
of the transcendent ability possessed by the 
lamented Garfield, Mr. Arthur was able for 
the emergency he was so unexpectedly called 
to fill, and was a worthy successor to his chief. 

*^^MT the twenty-second and twenty-fourth 

^ j president of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the town of Cald- 
well, Essex county, N. J., and in a little two- 
and-a-half story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark the hum- 
ble birth-place of one of America's great men 
in striking contrast with the old world, where 
all men high in office must be high in origin, 
and born in the cradle of wealth. When three 
years of age, his father, who was a Presbyte- 
rian minister with a large family, and a small 
salary, moved by the way of the Hudson river 
and Erie canal to Fayetteville in search of an 
increased income and a larger field of work. 
Fayetteville was then the most straggling of 
country villages, about five miles from Pompey 
Hill, where Gov. Seymour was born. At the 
last mentioned place young Grover commenced 
going to school in the "good old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself 
after the manner of all village boys in doing 

the things he ought not to do. Such is the 
distinguishing trait of all village geniuses and 
independent thinkers. When he arrived at 
the age of fourteen years he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a 
most emphatic desire to be sent to an acad- 
emy. To this his father decidedly objected. 
Academies in those days cost money; besides, 
his father wanted him to become self-support-- 
ing by the quickest possible means, and this 
at that time in Fayetteville seemed to be a 
position in a country store, where his father, 
with the large family on his hands, had con- 
siderable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his services the first year, and if he 
proved trustworthy he was to receive $100 the 
second year. Here the lad commenced his 
career as a salesman, and in two years he had 
earned so good a reputation for trustworthi- 
ness that his employers desired to retain him 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their 
removal to Clinton, where he had an oppor- 
tunity of attending a high school. Here he 
industriously pursued his studies until the 
family removed with him to a point on Black 
river known as the Holland Patent, a village 
of 500 or 600 people, fifteen miles north of 
Utica, N. Y. At this place his father died, 
after preaching but three Sundays. This event 
broke up the family, and Grover set out for 
New York city to accept, at a small salary, 
the position of "under-teacher" in an asylum 
for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good repu- 
tation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling for life, and, re- 
versing the traditional order, he left the city to 
seek his fortune, instead of going to a city. 
He first thought of going to Cleveland, Ohio, 
as there was some charm in that name for him; 
but before proceeding to that place he went to 



Buffalo to ask advice of his uncle, Lewis 
F. Allan, a noted stock breeder of that place. 
After a long consultation, his uncle offered 
him a place temporarily as assistant herdkeeper 
at $50 a year, while he could "look around." 
One day afterward he boldly walked into the 
office of Rogers, Bowers & Rogers, of Buffalo, 
and told them what he wanted. A number of 
young men were already engaged in the office, 
but Grover's persistency won, and he was fin- 
ally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library for the nomi- 
nal sum of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he 
had to pay for his board and washing. The 
walk to and from his uncle's was a long and 
rugged one; and, although the first winter was 
a memorably severe one, yet he was neverthe- 
less prompt and regular. On the first day of 
his service there, his senior employer threw 
down a copy of Blackstone before him with a 
bang that made the dust fly, saying, "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around 
the little circle of clerks and students, as they 
thought that was enough to scare young 
Grover out of his plans; but in due time he 
mastered that cumbersome volume. Then, as 
ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland exhib- 
ited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphys- 
ical possibilities. "Let us quit talking and go 
and do it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleve- 
land was elected was that of sheriff of Erie 
county, N. Y. , in which Buffalo is situated; 
and in such capacity it fell to his duty to in- 
flict capital punishment upon two criminals. 
In 1 88 1 he was elected mayor of the city of 
Buffalo on the democratic ticket, with especial 
reference to the bringing about certain reforms 
in the administration of the municipal affairs 
of that city. In this office, as well as that of 
sheriff, his performance of duty has generally 
been considered fair, with possibly a few ex- 

ceptions, which were ferreted out and magni- 
fied during his last presidential campaign. 
The editorial manager or the New York Sun 
afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as mayor of Buffalo, and 
thereupon recommended him for governor of 
the Empire state. To the latter office he was 
elected in 1882, and his administration of the 
affairs of state was generally satisfactory. The 
mistakes he made, if any, were made very 
public throughout the nation after he was nom- 
inated for president of the United States. For 
this high office he was nominated July 11, 
1884, by the national democratic convention 
at Chicago, when other competitors were 
Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas 
A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. 
Thurman, etc. ; and he was elected by the 
people by a majority of about a thousand over 
the brilliant and long-tried James G. Blaine. 
President Cleveland resigned his office as gov- 
erner of New York in January, 1885, in order 
to prepare for his duties as the chief executive 
of the United States, in which capacity his term 
commenced at noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 
In November, 1892, Mr. Cleveland was re- 
elected to the presidency by the democratic 
party, the candidate of the republican party 
being their ex-chief, Benjamin Harrison, a 
sketch of whom follows this. The popular 
vote on this occasion stood: Cleveland, 5,556- 
562; Harrison, 5,162,874; the electoral vote 
was 277 for Cleveland, and 145 for Harrison. 
During the early part of his first administra- 
tion, Mr. Cleveland was married to Miss 
Frances Folsom, of Buffalo, N. Y. , and in Oc- 
tober, 1 89 1, a daughter, Ruth, came to bless 
the union, and a second daughter, Esther, was 
born in July, 1893. The first act of Mr. 
Cleveland, on taking his seat for his second 
term, was to convene congress in extra session 
for the purpose of repealing the Sherman sil- 
ver bill, and accordingly that body met Sep- 

— During the second administration of Mr. Cleveland a thiid daughter, Frances Marian, was born.] 



tember 4, 1893, and both houses being demo- 
cratic, the bill, in accordance with the recom- 
mendation ol the president, was uncondition- 
ally repealed. The special feature, however, 
ol the second administration of Grover Cleve- 
land was the repeal of the McKinley tariff bill 
by congress and the substitution of the bill re- 
ported by William L. Wilson, of West Vir- 
ginia, as chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee of the house of representatives, which 
bill, being concurred in, with sundry amend- 
ments, by the senate, was finally passed and 
went into effect in the latter part of 1894, 
materially reducing the duties on imports. 

<V^\ ENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty- 
I<^^ third president, is the descendant of 
^d^J one of the historical families of this 
country. The head of the family 
was a Major General Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted followers and fighters. In 
the zenith of Cromwell's power it became the 
duty of this Harrison to participate in the 
trial of Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 
13, 1660. His descendants came to America, 
and the next of the family that appears in his- 
tory is Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great- 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Har- 
rison was a member of the continental con- 
gress during the years 1774-5-6, and was one 
of the original signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. He was three times elected 
governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henry Harrison, the son of 
the distinguished patriot of the Revolution, 
after a successsul career as a soldier during the 
war of 181 2, and with a clean record as gov- 
ernor of the Northwestern territory, was 
elected president of the United States in 1840. 

His career was cut short by death in one 
month after his inauguration. 

President Benjamin Harrison was born at 
North Bend, Hamilton county, Ohio, August 
20, 1833. His life up to the time of his grad- 
uation by the Miami university, at Oxford, 
Ohio, was the uneventful one of a country lad 
of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college 
to the daughter of Dr. Scott, principal of a 
female school at Oxford. After graduating, 
he determined to enter upon the study of the 
law. He went to Cincinnati and there read 
law for two years. At the expiration of that 
time young Harrison received the only inher- 
itance of his life; his aunt, dying, left him a 
lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy 
as a fortune, and decided to get married at 
once, take this money and go to some eastern 
town and begin the practice of law. He sold 
his lot, and with the money in his pocket, he 
started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to 
Indianapolis, which was even at that time a 
town of promise. He met with slight encour- 
agement at first, making scarcely anything the 
first year. He worked diligently, applying 
himself closely to his calling, built up an ex- 
tensive practice and took a leading rank in the 
legal profession. He is the father of two 

In i860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for 
the position of supreme court reporter, and 
then began his experience as a stump speaker. 
He canvassed the state thoroughly, and was 
elected by a handsome majority. In 1862 he 
raised the Seventeenth Indiana infantry, and 
was chosen its colonel. His regiment was 
composed of the rawest of material, but Col. 
Harrison employed all his time at first master- 
ing military tactics and drilling his men; when 
he therefore came to move toward the east 



with Sherman his regiment was one of the 
best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, 
and for his bravery at Peachtree Creek he was 
made a brigadier general, Gen. Hooker speak- 
ing of him in the most complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in 
the field the supreme court declared the office 
of the supreme court reporter vacant, and 
another person was elected to the position. 
From the time of leaving Indiana with his 
regiment until the fall of 1864 he had taken 
no leave of absence, but having been nomi- 
nated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that 
time made a brilliant canvass of the state, and 
was elected for another term. He then started 
to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down with scarlet fever, and after a 
most trying siege made his way to the front in 
time to participate in the closing incidents of 
the war. 

In 1 868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-elec- 
tion as reporter, and resumed the practice of 
law. In 1876 he was a candidate for governor. 
Although defeated, the brilliant campaign he 
made won for him a national reputation, and 
he was much sought, especially in the east, to 
make speeches. In 1880, as usual, he took 
an active part in the campaign, and was elected 
to the United States senate. Here he served 
six years, and was known as one of the ablest 
men, best lawyers and strongest debaters in 
that body. With the expiration of his sena- 
torial term he returned to the practice of his 
profession, becoming the head of one of the 
strongest firms in the state of Indiana. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of 
the most memorable in the history of our coun- 
try. The convention, which assembled in 
Chicago in June and named Mr. Harrison as 
the chief standard bearer of the republican 
party, was great in every particular, and on 

this account, and the attitude it assumed upon 
the vital questions of the day, chief among 
which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest in 
the campaign throughout the nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit 
Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This 
movement became popular, and from all sec- 
tions of the country societies, clubs and dele- 
gations journeyed thither to pay their respects 
to the distinguished statesman. The popu- 
larity of these was greatly increased on ac- 
count of the remarkable speeches made by Mr. 
Harrison. He spoke daily all through the 
summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent 
were his speeches that they at once placed 
him in the foremost rank of American orators 
and statesmen. On account of his eloquence 
as a speaker and his power as a debater, he 
was called upon at an uncommonly early age 
to take part in the discussion of the great 
questions that then began to agitate the coun- 
try. He was an uncompromising anti-slavery 
man, and was matched against some of the 
most eminent democratic speakers of his state. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade de- 
sired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for 
oratorical effect, but his words always went 
like bullets to the mark. He is purely Ameri- 
can in his ideas and is a splendid type of the 
American statesman. Gifted with quick per- 
ception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, he 
is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the nation. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet wilhal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the 
day. His term of office as president of the 
United States expired on March 4, 1893, when 
he surrendered the high position to Stephen 
Grover Cleveland, allusion to which fact is 
made on a preceding page. 

william Mckinley. 




TLLIAM McKINLEY, the twenty- 
fourth president, and twice governor 
of Ohio, is one of the most distin- 
guished politicians of his state and 
nation. His ancestry lived in western Penn- 
sylvania, his father, William McKinley, who 
died recently at the age of eighty-five years, 
having been born on a farm in Pine township, 
Mercer county, that state — a farm which was 
recently and may be to-day in the possession 
of the Rose family, which is related to Mr. Mc- 
Kinley, and of which ex-Mayor W. G. Rose, of 
Cleveland, Ohio, is a member. William Mc- 
Kinley, Sr. , was in the iron business all his 
life, as was also his father before him. 

William McKinley, Jr., was born at Niles, 
Trumbull county, Ohio, January 29, 1843. He 
was educated in the common schools, in the 
academy at Poland, Ohio, and in the fall of 
i860 he entered Allegheny college at Mead- 
ville, Pa., with the view of taking a full college 
course; but owing to sickness he was obliged 
to return home before the winter came on. 
During the winter of 1860-61 he taught a dis- 
trict school, and intended to return to Alle- 
gheny college, but in April, 1861, Fort Sumter 
was fired upon by the rebels, and the spirit 
of patriotism in young McKinley's heart was 
so strong that he enlisted in company E, 
Twenty-third Ohio volunteer infantry, with 
which he marched and fought in the ranks for 
fourteen months. His regiment was with 
Rosecrans and McClellan in Virginia and 
West Virginia. His first battle was that of 
Carnifax Ferry. After this he joined the army 
of the Potomac and fought with McClellan. 
Subsequently Private McKinley was promoted, 
first to second lieutenant, September, 24, 1862; 
then to first lieutenant, February 7, 1863, and 
then to captain, July 25, 1864. Then he 
served on the staff of Gen. R. B. Hayes and 
was afterward detailed to act as assistant 
adjutant-general on the staff of Gen. George 

Crook. He was with Sheridan in the Shenan- 
doah valley, in the battles of Winchester, 
Cedar Creek, Fisher's Hill, Opequan, Kerns- 
town, Cloyd Mountain and Berryville. For 
meritorious conduct he was brevetted major 
by President Lincoln, and after Gen. Crook's 
capture, in Maryland, he served on the staff 
of Maj.-Gen. Hancock, and later on that of 
Gen. S. S. Carroll, commander of the veteran 
reserve corps at Washington, D. C. He was 
present at the surrender of Gen. Lee, April 9, 
1865, was with his regiment all through its 
campaigns and battles, and was mustered out 
of service July 26, 1865, having been in the 
army four years and one month. 

Returning to Ohio, Maj. McKinley studied 
law with Hon. Charles S. Glidden and David 
Wilson, of Mahoning county, and then at- 
tended the law school at Albany, N. Y. In 
1867 he was admitted to the bar, and in May 
of that year located in Canton, Ohjo, where he 
formed a law partnership with Judge Belden, 
practicing in that relationship for two years. 
In 1869 he was elected on the republican 
ticket prosecuting attorney of Stark county, 
notwithstanding that county was democratic 
usually by a reliable majority, but in 1871 
he was defeated for re-election by an ad- 
verse majority of forty-five. In 1876 he 
ran for congress, and, to the surprise of the 
older politicians, was elected and was then 
continuously in congress from his district (not- 
withstanding several gerrymanders made for 
the sake of defeating him) for fourteen con- 
secutive years, with the exception of a part of 
his fourth term, when he was unseated by a 
democratic majority in congress and his place 
given to his competitor. He was a candidate for 
re-election to congress in 1890, but on account 
of fictitious alarm awakened by his political en- 
emies as to the result, or the probable result, of 
the " McKinley tariff bill," which went into ef- 
fect about October 1, 1890, a little more than 



one month before the election, he was defeated, 
the majority against him and in favor of his 
competitor, Lieut. -Gov. Warwick, being 303 
votes. The year before the counties compos- 
ing this district, which had been most out- 
rageously gerrymandered for the sake of ac- 
complishing his defeat, gave a majority to 
James E. Campbell for governor of 2,900. 
But while this defeat retired him from con- 
gress it at the same time made him governor 
in 1891, when he was elected over his opponent 
by a plurality of 21,511. In 1893 he was 
again elected governor by the phenomenal 
plurality of 80,995, ms opponent this time be- 
ing the Hon. Lawrence T. Neal. 

While in congress Maj. McKinley was a 
member of the committee on revision of laws, 
the judiciary committee, the committee on ex- 
penditures in the post office department, and 
the committee on rules. Upon the nomina- 
tion of Gen. Garfield for the presidency, Mr. 
McKinley took his place on the committee on 
ways and means, with which he served for the 
rest of his time in congress. It was while he 
was chairman of this committee that he framed 
the "McKinley Bill" which still bears its name, 
and provided for a high rate of duty on an im- 
mense number of articles imported from for- 
eign countries, but made sugar free. Its pur- 
pose was to reduce the national revenue and 
to increase protection. 

The work involved in the preparation of 
this bill is almost inconceivable. It contained 
thousands of items and covered nearly every 
interest in the country. For four weeks, while 
the house was in session, Mr. McKinley was 
almost constantly upon his feet answering num- 
berless questions, meeting objections and giving 
information. With the exception of two minor 
amendments the bill passed exactly as it came 
from the hands of the committee, and its pas- 
sage was the signal for a conflict which few 
statesmen in the history of free government 

could have withstood. It was assaulted as no 
other law has ever been assaulted in this gen- 
eration and for a time even republican leaders 
had misgivings. 

The indomitable courage and unbounded 
faith of Mr. McKinley during this trying period 
alone seemed to hold the republican party to- 
gether. He never wavered for an instant. 
With a fervor born of conviction, he had thrown 
his ambitions, his hopes, almost his very life, 
into the cause he represented. Its defeat was 
his defeat; its triumph his triumph. From 
the apparent defeat of his cause in 1S90, and 
again in 1892, he arose courageous, steadfast, 
hopeful. Others might change, others might 
doubt, others might modify their views, but he 
stood firm for a protective tariff — for the Ameri- 
can producer against the foreign producer. 
He accepted with true American spirit the 
popular verdict and challenged the interpreta- 
tion put upon it by political opponents. He 
took an appeal to the people and in two years 
from the crushing defeat of 1892 he led the 
republican hosts to the greatest victory and the 
most stupendous change in the popular vote of 
a country ever recorded. The tide turned; 
the result of the free trade policy was apparent, 
the object lesson was received, noted and the 
decision reversed. 

In 1884 Maj. McKinley was a delegate at 
large to the republican national convention 
which nominated Hon. James G. Blaine. In 
1888 he was again a delegate at large to the 
republican national convention, and this time 
was in favor of the Hon. John Sherman for 
the party's candidate, but the complications 
then were numerous and difficult of solution, 
because of Mr. Blaine's refusal to be again the 
nominee. Many thought the nomination of 
Maj. McKinley would solve all problems and 
harmonize all factions, but in spite of all argu- 
ments and all persuasions he remained true to 
his state and to himself by steadfastly refusing 



to permit his name to be used as a presidential 
candidate. Again, in 1892, Maj. McKinley 
was a delegate at large to the Minneapolis con- 
vention which renominated President Harrison, 
and in this convention, in spite of all remon- 
strances that he could make, he received within 
a fraction of as many votes as were given to 
the idol of the republican party, James G. 
Blaine, the latter receiving 1S2 5-6 votes, 
while McKinley received 182 1-6 votes. Pres- 
cient Harrison was, however, renominated, only 
to be defeated by Grover Cleveland. 

In his political campaigns he has mani- 
fested brilliant qualities as an orator. It is 
probably true that more people have heard 
him discuss political questions than have ever 
listened to any other campaign speaker in the 
United States. Thousands of people assemble 
to hear him ; he always commands the rapt 
attention of his hearers, and he frequently 
elicits at least hearty applause. 

His great tour in the fall of 1894 is prob- 
ably without a parallel in the history of the 
United States. Everywhere thousands greeted 
him. For more than eight weeks he averaged 
seven speeches a day, and it is estimated that 
during that time 2,000,000 people listened to 
him. It is altogether likely that the secret of 
his power over an audience lies in his sincerity, 
as he employs no adventitious methods and is 
not amusing, his simple and single aim being 
apparently to convince by argument fairly 
and squarely. 

The preliminary canvass or campaign of 
1896, which resulted in the nomination of Mr. 
McKinley for the presidency, was remarkable 
in many ways, but in no respect more so than 
in the unanimity of public sentiment which 
made it possible to predict with almost abso- 
lute certainty weeks before the convention the 
selection of the champion of protection and a 
sound financial policy as the candidate. His 
choice as the representative of the party best 

fitted to be entrusted with the administration of 
national affairs was a natural sequence — the re- 
suit of sentiment that had been engendered 
during the four years previous, and yet it had 
every characteristic of spontaneity. The increas- 
ing favor with which he was regarded by the 
voters of the country was, until a few months 
before the convention, a steady, rapid, but 
withal a natural growth, and the almost uni- 
versal endorsement of his candidacy, which 
came a short time before the St. Louis con- 
vention, must be attributed in a great measure 
to the desire of the American people to return 
to an idea and a policy which a majority of the 
citizens of the United States came to regard as 
absolutely indispensable to individual and na- 
tional prosperity of which the distinguished 
Ohioan stood as the recognized exponent. The 
national republican convention convened in the 
city of St. Louis, Mo., June 16, 1896, and 
upon the first ballot Mr. McKinley was nomi- 
nated with the greatest enthusiasm, receiving 
66 1 J of the 700 ballots cast. 

In many respects the campaign of 1896 
was one of the most remarkable presidential 
contests in the history of the nation, but the 
outcome, as foreshadowed for weeks before the 
election, resulted in the triumph of Mr. Mc- 
Kinley over the brilliant and popular young 
Nebraskian, William J. Bryan, a man of dis- 
tinguished ability, whose uncompromising ad- 
vocacy of the free and unlimited coinage of sil- 
ver and hostility to the American idea of 
protection made him a formidable opponent. 
Mr. McKinley entered upon the discharge of 
his high official functions on the 4th day of 
March, 1897, with the unbounded confidence 
of his political party and the American people, 
and thus far he has steadily and courageously 
followed the lines mapped out by the platform 
upon which he was nominated. And his ad- 
ministration in ability and wisdom gives every 
promise of comparing favorably with those of 



the distinguished men who have preceded him 
in the high office of the presidency. 

President McKinley was married January 
25, 1 87 1, to Miss Ida Saxton,who is an ac- 
complished lady and daughter of James A. Sax- 
ton, of Canton, Ohio. They have had born to 
them two children, both of whom died in 
infancy. In religion President McKinley and 
his wife are Methodists, as were his father 
and mother. His grandfather, however, was 
a Presbyterian, and was a member of the Lis- 
bon Presbyterian church from 1822 to 1836, 
during the pastorate of Rev. Dr. Vallan- 

digham, father of Clement L. Vallandigham. 
As already stated President McKinley's father 
died recently at the age of eighty-five, but his 
mother is still living. 

"There is probably not a more stalwart 
and sturdy figure to-day before the American 
people than William McKinley. The story of 
his life is not only instructive but interesting; 
it is the history of an American for Americans; 
its activity is so interwoven in the life of the 
republic during his career of the past thirty 
years that political friends and foes may read 
it with profit and learn an important lesson." 




RTHUR ST. CLAIR, one of the most 
noted characters of our early colonial 
days, was a native of Scotland, being 
born at Edinburg in 1735. Becom- 
ing a surgeon in the British army, he subse- 
quently crossed the Atlantic with his regiment 
and thenceforward was identified with the 
history of this country until the day of his 
death. Serving as a lieutenant with Wolfe in 
the memorable campaign against Quebec, St. 
Clair won sufficient reputation to obtain ap- 
pointment as commander of Fort Ligonier, Pa. , 
where a large tract of land was granted to him. 
During the Revolutionary war he espoused the 
colonial cause, and before its close had risen 
to the rank of major-general. In 1875 he was 
elected a delegate to the Continental congress 
and afterward became its president. After the 
passage of the ordinance of 1787, St. Clair 
was appointed first military governor of the 
Northwest territory, which then embraced the 
territory now comprised within the boundaries 
of the present state of Ohio, with headquarters 
at Fort Washington, now Cincinnati. In 1791 
he undertook an expedition against the north- 
western Indians, which resulted in the great 
disaster known in western history as "St 
Clair's defeat. " On November 4 the Indians 
surprised and routed his whole force of about 
1,400 regulars and militia, in what is now 

Darke county, Ohio, killing over 900 men and 
capturing his artillery and camp equipage. 
Gen. St. Clair held the office of territorial 
governor until 1802, when he was removed by 
President Jefferson. He returned to Ligonier, 
Pa., poor, aged and infirm. The state granted 
him an annuity which enabled him to pass the 
last years of his life in comfort. He died near 
Greensburgh, Pa., August 31, 1S18, leaving a 
family of one son and three daughters. 

secretary of the Northwest territory, 
and who succeeded Gov. St. Clair as 
governor, on the removal of the latter 
from office, was born in Virginia, received a 
liberal education and settled in Ohio. While 
it is not practicable to find fully authentic 
material for a full biography of Gov. Byrd, 
it may be of interest to recite briefly the rea- 
sons for the removal of Gov. St. Clair, which 
are of course the reasons for Mr. Byrd becom- 
ing governor of the territory. St. Clair's gov- 
ernment was very unpopular, and when the 
people became desirous of forming a state gov- 
ernment in 1 80 1, and found themselves unable 
to secure a majority of the legislature, they 
ser.t Thomas Worthington to congress to ob- 
tain if possible a law under which a conven- 



tion could be called to consider the expediency 
of forming a state, and framing a constitution 
therefor. This convention met in Chillicothe 
in November, 1802, voted to form a state gov- 
ernment and adopted a constitution, all this 
notwithstanding the fact that the territory did 
not then contain the 60,000 inhabitants re- 
quired at that time. 

But this was a small difficulty compared 
with the prohibition in the ordinance of 1787 
against slavery in the territory of the north- 
west. This clause tended to prevent immigra- 
tion to Ohio from Virginia and other southern 
states; and the attempt was made to so frame 
a constitution for the new state that slavery in 
a somewhat modified form could be established. 
When this clause was proposed it was discov- 
ered by the opponents of slavery that on the 
morrow there would be a majority of one in its 
favor, and thus, if it were adopted, the curse 
of slavery would be fixed upon the state. 
Judge Ephraim Cutler, of Washington county, 
a delegate to the convention, and a son of 
one of the principal framers of the ordinance 
of 1787, was lying sick in bed, when this situ- 
ation was revealed, and Gen. Putnam, hasten- 
ing to his bedside, urged him to reach the con- 
vention hall at the earliest practicable moment 
the next morning. Judge Cutler having next 
day reached the hall, made an impassioned 
appeal to the delegates in opposition to the 
proposed action of the convention, and won 
over the one delegate necessary to save the 
state from the blighting curse of slavery. 

Gov. St. Clair and his friends looked upon 
the convention as little short of revolutionary, 
the governor taking strong grounds against the 
formation of a state government, before the 
convention began the labors of the day. Their 
utter disregard of this advice filled him with 
irritation, and in the bitterness of his heart he 
declared, in the hearing of unfriendly listeners, 
that he no longer had confidence in republican 

institutions, and that in his opinion, without 
some stronger form of government, anarchy 
seemed inevitable. These remarks were quickly 
reported to President Thomas Jefferson, who 
immediately removed St. Clair from his office, 
and the secretary of the territory, Charles W. 
Byrd, became acting governor, serving until 
the state government was formed under the 
constitution, which, as framed by the conven- 
tion, was declared by that convention, without 
having been submitted to the people for their 
ratification, to be the fundamental law of the 
land. After the expiration of his brief term as 
governor of the Northwest territory, Gov. 
Byrd was appointed by President Jefferson 
United States judge for the district of Ohio. 

first governor of 
organization of the 

Ohio upon the 
state, in 1803, was a native of Eng- 
land, born in the city of Carlisle on 
the 19th day of June, 1766. After coming to 
the United States he studied medicine, located 
at Charlestown, W. Va., in 1784, and in 1789 
received his degree from the university of Penn- 
sylvania. In the year last named he was 
united in marriage with Mary Worthington, 
sister of Gov. Thomas Worthington, and in 
1790 united with the Methodist church, of 
which he soon afterward became a local 
preacher. In 1796 Mr. Tiffin settled at Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio, where he preached and practiced 
medicine, and was instrumental in organizing 
a number of local congregations in that part of 
the state. The same year he was elected to the 
legislature of the Northwest territory, became 
speaker of that body, and in 1802 was chosen 
president of the convention that formed the 
state constitution. He proved to be a potential 
factor in political affairs, and in 1 803 was 
elected first governor of the state under the 
constitution. He was re-elected in 1805, and 



proved a most capable chief executive, but re- 
signed in 1807 to become United States sena- 
tor, having been elected to the latter body as 
successor to his brother-in-law, Hon. Thomas 
Worthington. Gov. Tiffin's senatorial career 
was cut short on account of the death of his 
wife, by reason of which he resigned in March, 
1S09, and for a time lived a retired life. Sub- 
sequently he married again, and afterward was 
elected to the lower house of the state legis- 
lature, in which he served two terms as speaker. 
At the expiration of his legislative experi- 
ence, Gov. Tiffin resumed the practice of medi- 
cine at Chillicothe, and in 18 12 was appointed 
by President Madison commissioner of the 
general land office, having been the first person 
to fill that position. On assuming his official 
functions he removed to the national capital 
and organized the system that has obtained 
in the land office until the present time; in 
18 14 he was instrumental in having the papers 
of his office removed to Virginia, thus saving 
them from destruction when the public build- 
ings in Washington were burned by the British. 
Becoming dissatisfied with residing in Wash- 
ington and wishing to return west, Gov. Tiffin 
succeeded in exchanging his position for that of 
surveyor of public lands northwest of the Ohio 
river, held by Josiah Meigs, the change being 
sanctioned by the president and senate, and he 
discharged the duties of the latter position 
until July, 1829, receiving while on his death- 
bed an order from President Jackson to deliver 
the office to a successor. During his long 
period of public service, Gov. Tiffin maintained 
most scrupulously his ministerial relations, and 
preached the gospel whenever occasion would 
admit. He was on familiar terms with Gen. 
Washington, who always spoke of him in terms 
of praise, and he will always be remembered 
as one of the leading spirits in the formative 
period of Ohio's history. His death occurred 
at Chillicothe on the 9th day of August, 1829. 

HOMAS KIRKER, who succeeded 
Edward Tiffin as governor of Ohio, is 
one of the few governors of the state 
of whom but little can be learned. 
In 1807 there was a remarkable contest for 
the governorship of the state. The two oppos- 
ing candidates were Return Jonathan Meigs 
and Nathaniel Massie. The former received a 
majority of the votes, and therefore, so far as 
the people were concerned, was elected gov- 
ernor of the state. The general assembly, how- 
ever, declared him to be ineligible to the 
office, on the ground that he was not a resi- 
dent of the state, and as Mr. Massie had not 
received a sufficient number of votes, he had 
not been elected governor, and the election 
was therefore entirely void. Hon. Thomas 
Kirker bing then speaker of the state senate, 
became acting governor by virtue of his office 
as speaker, when Gov. Edward Tiffin resigned 
his office in order to take his seat in the United 
States senate. Gov. Kirker remained in the 
office of governor until after the election, in 
1808, of Samuel Huntington, who had been 
elected by the people. At the time of serving 
as governor he was a resident of Adams county, 
and he served in the general assembly of the 
state for twenty-five years. 

^"V'AMUEL HUNTINGTON, the second 
*\^^r governor elected by the people of 

hs^^J Ohio, was born at Norwich, Conn., 
in 1765, and graduated at Yale col- 
lege in 1 78 5. He adopted the profession of 
law, in 1795 married a lady of his own name, 
and attended strictly to the duties of his pro- 
fession in the town of his birth until the year 
1800, when he resolved to visit that western 
country which was then attracting to it so 
many residents of the New England states. 
First stopping at Youngstown, Ohio, he from 
there went to Marietta, where he spent the 



summer, and in the fall of that year returned 
to Norwich. The following spring, taking his 
wife and children in an Ohio wagon (then so 
called), they arrived, after weeks of toilsome 
travel, at Cleveland, then a settlement of 
doubtful name as a healthy abode, as they 
found that many who had preceded them had 
vacated the cabins they had first built and 
had removed to the higher ground back of the 
town to escape the sickness so prevalent near 
the lake. He erected a strongly-built house, 
as attacks by drunken and riotous Indians were 
not uncommon. Mr. Huntington soon entered 
upon public life. Gen. Saint Clair appointed 
him second in command of a regiment of 
Trumbull count}' militia, and he was shortly 
afterward elevated to the position of presiding 
judge in the first court in that part of the ter- 
ritory. In 1802 he was a member of the con- 
stitutional convention, and by that body ap- 
pointed state senator from Trumbull county, 
the name then borne by the territory now 
known as the northeastern portion of the state 
and which at present is divided into six coun- 
ties. For some time he was speaker or presi- 
dent of the state senate, and by the legislature 
elected to a seat on the supreme bench. When 
Michigan was organized as a territory Judge 
Huntington was offered the position of judge 
of the district court of that territory, but this 
he declined, as well as other important offices 
which were pressed upon him. The prevailing 
unhealthiness of Cleveland finally induced him 
to remove his residence to Newburg, where he 
erected a grist-milll, then a very important 
construction and advantageous to the settlers. 
In 1809 he purchased a mill, located on the 
eastern shore of Grand river, between Paines- 
ville and the lake, and erected a mansion — 
commodious, and, for those days, rather im- 
posing in its style of architecture. This house 
remains to attest by its position the good taste 
of him who built it. A conflict of authoritv 

arose between the legislative and judicial de- 
partments of the state while Judge Huntington 
was on the supreme bench. The legislature 
passed a law conferring certain rights upon 
justices of the peace which the judges of the 
supreme court declared to be unconstitutional. 
Thereupon the whole house filed articles of 
impeachment against the judges, but in the 
midst of this confusion the people of Ohio had 
elected Judge Huntington governor of the state. 
He, having resigned, was therefore not brought 
to trial, and it being impossible to obtain two- 
thirds of the legislative vote against the other 
two judges, the) - consequently escaped convic- 
tion. Nothing of particular moment occurred 
the term he held office, but his prominence 
prevented his retiring to private life. In 18 12 
he was, during the second war with Great 
Britain, a member of the Ohio legislature. 
The destruction of life and property by the 
Indians during that year was such that Gov. 
Huntington, having with Gen. Cass visited 
Washington to represent to the authorities 
there the condition of affairs in Ohio, was ap- 
pointed district paymaster, with the rank of 
colonel, and returned to the camp of Gen. 
Harrison with a supply of funds in the shape 
of government drafts. He remained for many 
months in the army and until peace was de- 
clared, when he returned to his home, where 
he subsequently lived peacefully until 18 17, 
during which year he died a comparatively 
young man, being but fifty-two years old. His 
character for strict integrity, great executive 
ability and accomplished scholarship was sec- 
ond to that of no other governor. 


succeeded Samuel Huntington in the 


W gubernatorial chair, was born in Mid- 

dletown, Conn., in March, 1765, the 

son of Return J. Meigs, a distinguished Ameri- 



can soldier, whose name is inseparably con- 
nected with the war of American independence. 
Gov. Meigs was graduated from Yale college 
in 1785, after which he studied law and began 
the practice of the same at Marietta, Ohio, at 
which place his father had previously settled. 
He entered the army at the breaking out of 
the Indian war, and was sent on a commission 
to the British commander at Detroit, by Gen. 
St. Clair, in 1790, and later took part in a 
number of battles with the savages. He rose 
rapidly in his profession and in 1 803-4 was 
chief justice of the Ohio supreme court; later 
he had charge of the Saint Charles circuit in 
Louisiana until 1806, with the brevet rank of 
lieutenant-colonel in the United States army, 
being also judge of the supreme court of said 
district during the years of 1805 and 1806. 
Mr. Meigs was further honored, in 1807, by 
being appointed judge of the United States 
district court of Michigan, in which capacity 
he continued until 1808, when he was elected 
to the United States senate from Ohio. The 
honorable distinction acquired by Mr. Meigs 
as a jurist was not dimmed by his senatorial 
experience, and his record in the national legis- 
lature is replete with duty ably and conscien- 
tiously performed. He served in the senate 
from January, 1809, till May, 1810. 

In October, 1807, Mr. Meigs was the dem- 
ocratic candidate for governor of Ohio, and 
after the election, which went in his favor by 
a decided majority, his competitor, Nathaniel 
Massie, contested the same on the ground that 
Meigs had not been a resident of the state for 
the four years next preceding the election, as 
provided by the constitution. The general 
assembly, in joint convention, decided that 
Meigs was not entitled to the office, but it does 
not appear that his competitor was allowed to 
assume the same; Thomas Kirker, acting gov- 
ernor, continued to discharge the duties of the 
office until December, 1808, when Samuel 

Huntington was inaugurated as his immediate 

In 18 10 Mr. Meigs was again a candidate 
for governor, and at the ensuing election was 
victorious, defeating his competitor by a 
large majority. He was triumphantly re- 
elected in 18 12 and filled the office with dis- 
tinguished ability during the trying years of 
the last war with England, his services in be- 
half of the national government throughout 
that struggle being far greater than those of 
any other governor, and of such a patriotic 
character as to elicit the warmest praise from 
the president and others high in authority. 
He assisted in the organization of the state 
militia, garrisoned the forts on the border, 
thus securing safety to the exposed-settlements, 
and did much toward strengthening the army 
under Gen. Harrison. Near the expiration of 
his gubernatorial term, in 18 14, Gov. Meigs 
resigned to accept the appointment of post- 
master-general in the cabinet of President 
Madison, to fill the place made vacant by the 
death of Gideon Granger; he continued in 
office under President Monroe until 1823, in 
December of which year he retired from active 
life and spent the remainder of his days at his 
home in Marietta, dying March 29, 1825. 

OTHNIEL LOOKER, the fourth gov- 
ernor of Ohio, was born in the state of 
New York in 1757. He was a private 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, go- 
ing into the army from his native state, and serv- 
ing through the war. He was a man of humble 
origin and a farmer most of his life. In 1784, 
having received a land warrant for his services 
during the war of the Revolution, he crossed the 
Alleghany mountains, and located his land in 
what was then the wilderness of the territory 
northwest of the Ohio river, within the limits of 
the future state of the same name. Upon this 



grant he erected his cabin and began the labor 
of clearing his farm, as did other pioneers of 
his day. Upon the organization of the state 
he was elected a member of the lower house of 
the general assembly, and by increasing his 
knowledge and acquaintanceship with the peo- 
ple of the new state, he so rose in popular favor 
and esteem as to be elected to the senate. Of 
this body he eventually became president, and 
by virtue of holding this office, when Gov. 
Return J. Meigs resigned, in 1814, to accept 
the position of postmaster-general in the cabi- 
net of President Madison, became governor of 
Ohio. He served eight months, and afterward 
was a candidate before the people for election 
to the office of govenor, but was defeated by 
his opponent, Thomas Worthington. Mr. 
Looker afterward returned to his farm, where 
he lived respected by all for his unusual intelli- 
gence, his clear logical mind, and his pleasing 
disposition. But little else is known of Gov. 
Looker, except that he died unmarried. 

elected governor of Ohio, was born 
near Charlestown, Va., July 16, 1773. 
He received a liberal education, but 
when a young man went to sea and continued 
before the mast for three years — from 1 790 to 
1793. In 1797 he became a resident of Ross 
county, Ohio, served as a member of the ter- 
ritorial legislature in 1 799-1 801, and was 
chosen delegate to the state constitutional 
convention in the year 1S02. He was elected 
to the United States senate as a democrat 
immediately after the adoption of the state 
constitution and served in that body from 
October 17, 1803, till March 7, 1807; was 
again chosen to fill the unexpired term caused 
by the resignation of Return J. Meigs, Jr., and 
ed from January 8, 181 1, until his resigna- 
tion in 1 814. Mr. Worthington was elected 

governor of Ohio in 18 14 and served till 1818 
— having been chosen his own successor in 
18 16. After the expiration of his second 
gubernatorial term Gov. Worthington became 
canal commissioner, which position he held 
till his death. He was a public-spirited man 
and to him is the great commonwealth not a 
little indebted for much of its development 
and prosperity. 

To Gov. Worthington belongs the unique 
distinction of being the only Ohio governor 
ever arrested and started to jail for debt. In 
1 81 5 or 1 8 16, Gov. Worthington contracted 
with Judge Jarvis Pike to grub and chop the 
timber off the present state-house square. The 
governor was a non-resident of Franklin 
county, residing at Chillicothe. Some mis- 
understanding arose as to the payment of 
Judge Pike for his labors, whereupon he sued 
a capias from the court of Squire King, and 
had the governor arrested and marched off to 
jail. He was not locked up, however, the 
matter having been amicably adjusted. Gov. 
Worthington departed this life in the city of 
New York, June 20, 1827. 

governor and the fifth elected by the 
people of Ohio, was born on the 
shores of Long Island Sound in Fair- 
field county, Conn., July 4, 1766, and died at 
Indianapolis, Ind., February 24, 1S52. His 
father, Roger Brown, was an intelligent 
farmer of wealth, who, to secure the advan- 
tages of a liberal education for his children, 
employed a teacher of good ability to instruct 
them at home. Under such tuition Ethan's 
quickness of apprehension and extraordinary 
memory enabled him to acquire a knowledge 
of the Latin, Greek and French languages not 
inferior to that of most college graduates of 
the present day. Having determined to adopt 



the profession of a lawyer, he then procured 
the necessary books and began the study of 
law at home, at the same time assisting in the 
labors of his father's farm. After thus ac- 
quiring some legal knowledge he went to New 
York city and entered the law office of Alex- 
ander Hamilton, who, as a lawyer and states- 
man, had achieved at that time a national 
reputation. Here he soon won the esteem 
and friendship of Mr. Hamilton, while also he 
was brought into contact with others of the 
ablest men of the day, and, mingling with the 
most refined and cultivated society of the city, 
his mind was developed and stimulated and he 
acquired the elegance and polish of manners 
for which he was remarkable in after-life. 
Diverted from the study of law at this time, 
he engaged in business, by which he obtained 
very considerable property, but subsequently 
he again entered upon his neglected study, and 
in 1802 he was admitted to practice. Then, 
urged by love of adventure and a desire to see 
the principal portion of that state which, in 
that year, had qualified for admission into the 
Union, he, with a cousin, Capt. John Brown, 
started on horseback and followed the Indian 
trails from east to west through middle and 
western Pennsylvania until they reached 
Brownsville on the Monongahela river. Hav- 
ing brought a considerable sum of money with 
them they here purchased two fiat-bottomed 
boats, loaded them with flour, and placing 
crews upon them started for New Orleans, 
which city they reached in safety, but not be- 
ing able to sell their cargoes to advantage they 
shipped the flour to Liverpool, England, and 
took passage themselves in the same vessel. 
Having disposed of their flour at good prices, 
they returned to America, landing at Baltimore 
the same year. Then his father, wishing to 
secure a large tract of western land, eventually 
to make it his home, he empowered his son to 
select and purchase the same, which he pro- 

ceeded to do, locating it near the present town 
of Rising Sun, Ind., that locality having 
attracted his attention on his flat-boat trip to 
New Orleans. Hither his father removed 
from Connecticut, in 18 14, when that part of 
the Northwest territory which subsequently 
became Indiana was canvassing delegates to 
hold a territorial convention. 

Ten years subsequently, however, and after 
securing the land mentioned, Ethan Allen 
Brown began the practice of law in Cincinnati, 
where he soon took a prominent position in the 
profession and secured a large income for his 
professional services. In 18 10 he was chosen 
by the Ohio legislature a judge of the supreme 
court of the state, a position he held with dis- 
tinguished ability during the eight following 
years, and in 181 8 was elected governor of the 
state. His administration is marked for the 
prosecution and completion of important inter- 
nal improvements, among the chief of which 
may be mentioned that important work, the 
"Ohio canal," and which was nicknamed 
"Brown's Folly." In 1820 he was re-elected, 
and in 1 82 1 elected to the United States senate 
and served one term with distinction. In 1S30 
he was appointed minister to Brazil, remaining 
in that country four years and giving general 
satisfaction, when he resigned and came home. 
A few months later, at the urgent request of 
President Andrew Jackson, he accepted the 
position of commissioner of public lands, held 
the office two years, and then retired finally 
from public life. Gov. Brown never married, 
and the close of his life was spent among his 
relatives at Rising Sun. After reaching the age 
of eighty-two years, with not more than a week's 
sickness during all the years of his long life, 
he died suddenly while attending a democratic 
convention at Indianapolis, and was buried at 
Rising Sun, near the grave of his venerated 
father, leaving an enduring record of a useful 
and well-spent life. 



HLLEN TRIMBLE, who filled out the 
unexpired term of Ethan Allen Brown 
as governor of Ohio, and also served 
as governor by election from 1827 to 
1830, was born in Augusta county, Va., March 
24, 1783. He was the son of Capt. James 
Trimble, who removed in 1784 to Lexington, 
Ky., and who died in that state about the year 
1S04. Later Allen Trimble came to Ohio, 
settling in the county of Highland, where he 
served in various official positions, including 
those of clerk of the courts and recording sec- 
retary, filling the last two offices for a period 
of about seven years. He took part in the 
war of 1812 as commander of a regiment of 
mounted troops under Gen. William Henry 
Harrison, and in 18 16 was chosen a member 
of the state legislature. Subsequently, from 
1817 to 1826, he served as state senator, and 
was also speaker of the house for several terms. 
In 1 82 1 he was appointed governor, and, as 
already stated, was elected to the office in 1 826, 
and discharged the duties of the position in 
an eminently satisfactory manner until 1830. 
In 184G, Gov. Trimble was chosen president 
of the state board of agriculture, being the 
first man honored with that office, and served 
as such until 1848. While governor he was 
untiring in promoting the cause of education 
in Ohio, and the present excellent public 
school system is indebted to him for much of 
its efficiency; he also encouraged manufactur- 
ing and did much toward improving the penal 
institutions of the state. Politically Gov. 
Trimble was a federalist; his death occurred at 
Hillsborough, Ohio, February 2, 1870. 

>-j*EREMIAH MORROW, sixth governor 

M elected under the state constitution, 

A 1 was born in Gettysburg, Pa. , October 

6, 1 77 1. In early manhood he removed 

to the Northwest territory and in 1 802 was 

chosen delegate to the convention that framed 
the constitution of Ohio. Politically he was 
an ardent democrat, and in 1803 was elected 
a representative in the congress of the United 
States, in which body he served for a period 
of ten years. He did much toward promoting 
legislation in behalf of the western section of 
the United States, and for some time was 
chairman of the committee on public lands. 
In 1 8 14 he was commissioner to treat with the 
Indians west of the Miami river, and from 1 S r 3 
till 1 8 19 served with distinction in the United 
States senate. In 1822 Mr. Morrow was elected 
governor of Ohio and served as such until 1 826, 
having been re-elected in 1824. From 1826 
to 1828 he was state senator, later became 
canal commissioner, and for some time served 
as president of the Little Miami Railroad com- 
pany. In 1 84 1 he was again elected to repre- 
sent his district in the national house of repre- 
sentatives, in which capacity he served a single 
term. Gov. Morrow left the impress of his 
character on the commonwealth and his is 
among the many illustrious names which have 
given Ohio so prominent a position among her 
sister states; his death occurred in the county 
of Warren, on the 22nd day of March, 1852. 

,y^V UNCAN McARTHUR, distinguished 
I as a soldier and statesman, and gov- 
/^^J ernor of Ohio from 1831 to 1832, was 
a native of the state of New York, 
born in the county of Dutchess, on the 14th 
day of June, 1772. When he was a mere lad 
his parents emigrated to the western part of 
Pennsylvania, and at the age of eighteen 
he volunteered in Gen. Harmar's expedition 
against the Miami Indians, in which he dis- 
tinguished himself by many acts of bravery. 
Subsequently he acted as scout in the warfare 
with the Indians in Ohio and Rentucky, and 
after the cessation of hostilities, in 1794, set- 



tied near Chillicothe, Ohio, where he became 
the possessor of large tracts of real estate. 
For some years after settling in Ohio Gov. 
McArthur followed the profession of civil engi- 
neer, later he became interested in political 
matters and in 1 805 was elected to the lower 
house of the Ohio legislature. In 1808 he was 
appointed major-general of the territorial mili- 
tia, and at the beginning of the war of 18 12 
was commissioned colonel of the First Ohio 
volunteers. He was second in command at 
Detroit, when that ill-fated post was surren- 
dered to the British by Gen. Hull, and it is 
stated that so great was his chagrin and anger 
at the capitulation that he tore off his epau- 
lettes and broke his sword in a fit of indigna- 
tion. Gov. McArthur was commissioned brig- 
adier-general in 1 8 1 3, and upon the resigna- 
tion of Gen. William Henry Harrison the year 
following, he succeeded to the command of 
the western army. He planned the conquest 
of Canada, crossed the Saint Clair river in 
1 814 with a strong force, and after consider- 
able manuvering returned to Detroit by way of 
Saint Thomas, and discharged his force at 
Sandwich the latter part of the aforesaid year. 
In the meantime, 1S13, he had been elected 
by the democrats to a seat in the congress of 
the United States, but declined to leave the 
army, remaining with the command until hon- 
orably discharged June 15, 1815. On leaving 
the army Gov. McArthur was returned to the 
state legislature, and during the years 18 16-17 
served as commissioner to negotiate treaties 
with the Indians, by which their lands in Ohio 
were ceded to the general government in 18 18. 
From 181 7 to 18 19 he was again a member of 
the lower house of the legislature, of which he 
was made speaker, and in 1822 was elected 
to congress on the democratic ticket and served 
as a member of that body from December 1, 
1823, till March, 1825. In 1830 he was 
elected governor of Ohio, which position he 

filled very acceptably for one term, and in 
1832 was again a candidate for congress, but 
lost the election by a single ballot. 

The record of Gov. McArthur, both mili- 
tary and civil, is without a blemish, and he 
will ever be remembered as one of the leading 
soldiers and officers of the great commonwealth 
of Ohio. While governor he suffered severe 
injuries from an accident, and never entirely 
recovered from the effects of the same. He 
died near Chillicothe, on the 28th day of 
April, 1839. 

BOBERT LUCAS, the immediate suc- 
cessor of Duncan McArthur, was born 
in Shepherdstown, Va., April 1,1781, 
and was a direct descendant of Will- 
iam Penn, the founder of the commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania. His father bore a distin- 
guished part in the war of the Revolution, 
serving thoughout that struggle as captain in 
the American army, and was a trusted friend 
of Gen. Washington. Robert Lucas spent his 
youthful years in his native state, and about 
the beginning of the present century removed 
to Ohio, where in due time he became major- 
general of the state militia. Subsequently he 
was commissioned captain in the Ninteenth 
United States infantry, and in February, 181 3, 
became lieutenant-colonel of the same, serving 
as such until June of the same year, when he 
resigned. Immediately after leaving the gov- 
ernment service Mr. Lucas was made brigadier- 
general of Ohio militia, and as such served from 
July, 18 1 3, till the following September, in 
defense of the frontier. In 1 8 1 4 he was elected 
to the Ohio legislature, in the deliberations of 
which he took a prominent part, and in 1832 
presided over the democratic national conven- 
tion which nominated Andrew Jackson for a 
second term. In 1S32 General Lucas was 
elected governor of Ohio, was re-elected in 



1834, and in 1S38 was made first territorial 
governor of Iowa, at which time the now state 
of that name was erected into a territory, in- 
cluding Minnesota and the Dakotas, and De- 
cember 28, 1846, as a state. He was a man 
of marked ability, possessing great energy, and 
was noted as a man of strong impulses and 
strict integrity. He died February 7, 1853, in 
Iowa City, at the advanced age of nearly sev- 
enty-two years. 

! OSEPH VANCE, governor of Ohio for 
one term, 1837-3S, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, born March 21, 1 781, in 
the county of Washington, of Scotch- 
Irish descent. While quite young he was taken 
by his parents to Kentucky, where he grew to 
manhood, after which he removed to Ohio, 
locating at Urbana, where he became a suc- 
cessful merchant and married Miss Mary 
Lemen, of that city. Subsequently he turned 
his attention to farming and stock raising, in 
which he also met with success and financial 
profit, in the meantime becoming conversant 
with public affairs. Gov. Vance, becoming 
quite popular, was elected to and served in the 
legislature in 1S12-16, and in 1822 was elected 
to the congress of the United States, in which 
he served by successive re-elections until 
March, 1835. Originally Gov. Vance was a 
democrat, and as such was elected to the 
aforesaid offices, but later he became a whig, 
"which party sent him to congress in 1842. He 
served through two terms, during one of them 
as chairman of the committee on claims. In 
the meantime, 1836, he was elected governor, 
and as chief executive of the commonwealth 
his record will compare favorably with those of 
his illustrious predecessors and successors. He 
was a delegate to the whig national conven- 
tion of 1848, and while attending the consti- 
tutional convention of 1850 was stricken with 

paralysis, from which he suffered extremely 
until his death, August 24, 1852, near the city 
of Urbana. 

■VINSON SHANNON, the eleventh 
governor of Ohio whom the people 
elected, was born February 24, 1803, 
in Belmont county, and was the first 
white child born in Mount Olivet township, 
that county. He was also the first governor 
of Ohio who was a native of the state. His 
parents crossed the Alleghany mountains from 
Pennsylvania and settled in Belmont county, 
Ohio, in 1802. In January of the next year 
the father of the future governor, whose name 
was George Shannon, and who had settled on 
a farm, upon his arrival in that county went 
out hunting. Late in the day, while returning 
home, he lost his way, became bewildered and 
wandered round and round, finally sitting down 
by a large maple tree and freezing to death. 
His tracks were plainly visible next morning 
in the deep snow that had fallen during 
the night. 

Upon the farm his father had selected 
young Wilson Shannon was reared. When 
fifteen years old he attended the Ohio univer- 
sity at Athens, remaining one year, and for 
two years afterward was a student at the 
Transvlvania university at Lexington, Ky. 
Returning home, he began the study of law in 
the office of Charles Hammond and David 
Jennings, completing his studies with them in 
Saint Clairsville, which town became the 
county seat. There he practiced for eight 
years. In 1832 he was the democratic nomi- 
nee for congress, but was defeated by a small 
majority. In 1834 he was elected prosecuting 
attorney, and was so assiduous in the perform- 
ance of his duties that his party elected him 
governor of the state in 1838 by a majority of 
3,600. At the close of his first term he was 



again a candidate, but was defeated by his 
opponent, Thomas Corwin, the whig candi- 
date, who was opposed to slavery, while Gov. 
Shannon, together with the entire democratic 
party, favored it. The most remarkable thing 
about this election was that the democratic 
candidate for president carried the state by 
about 25,000 majority. Gov. Shannon then 
returned to Belmont county to the practice of 
the law. In 1842 he was again elected gov- 
ernor of the state over Gov. Corwin, both of 
whom during the campaign had thoroughly 
canvassed the entire state, as they had done 
in 1840. 

In the spring of 1843 President Tyler 
offered Gov. Shannon the appointment of 
minister to Mexico, which he accepted, resign- 
ing his governorship and going to the city of 
Mexico, where he remained two years, when 
he was compelled to return home, because 
Mexico, on account of difficulties between the 
two countries over the annexation of Texas to 
the Union, severed all diplomatic relations 
with the United States. After being then en- 
gaged for several years in the practice of the 
law, Gov. Shannon was elected to congress by 
a majority of 1,300. In congress, by the man- 
ner in which he performed his duties, he 
attracted the attention of President Pierce, 
and was appointed territorial governor of 
Kansas, the most difficult position he had tried 
to fill. The contest on the soil of Kansas was 
more bitter and persistent than anywhere in 
the country, both pro-slavery and anti-slavery 
partisans being determined to carry out their 
own views in that state. It was therefore 
impossible for any man to preserve peace 
within her borders, especially as the weight of 
the administration at Washington was in favor 
of the pro-slavery party. Shannon, therefore, 
after fourteen months as governor in Kansas, 
was superseded by John W. Geary, who gave 
but little better satisfaction than had Gov. 

Shannon. The following year Gov. Shannon 
removed his family to Lecompton, Kans., the 
capital, and began the practice of the law in 
that turbulent state. His reputation soon 
gained for him a very large and profitable 
practice, as there was much litigation under 
the pre-emption laws of the United States. 

When Kansas was admitted to the Union, 
Topeka became the capital, Lecompton rap- 
idly declined, and Gov. Shannon removed his 
office and residence to Lawrence, where he 
resided until his death, highly regarded by all 
who knew him as having been a faithful public 
servant, and as a most conscientious man. 
His death occurred in September, 1877. 

HOMAS CORWIN, the twelfth gov- 
ernor of Ohio elected by the people, 
was born in Bourbon county, Ky., 
July 29, 1794. In 1798 his father, 
Matthias Corwin, who subsequently became a 
judge, removed to what afterward became 
Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, and there, in 
a log school-house, taught by a school teacher 
named Dunlevy, young Corwin obtained what 
was then considered a thorough English edu- 
cation. When he was seventeen years old he 
drove a wagon-load of provisions for the army 
to the headquarters of Gen. Harrison, and this 
event had a potential influence upon his sub- 
sequent career. In 1817, after having studied 
law one year, he was admitted to practice, and 
in March, 18 18, was elected prosecuting attor- 
ney of his county. In 1822 he was elected to 
the legislature, having become by this time a 
well-read lawyer and a fluent speaker. Re- 
turning to his law practice he was again elected 
prosecuting attorney. In 1829 he was again 
elected to the Ohio legislature, and the follow- 
ing year to congress on the whig ticket. By 
subsequent re-elections he was kept in congress 
for ten years. In 1840 he was elected gov- 



ernor of Ohio, serving one term. In 1845 he 
was elected to the United States senate, and 
discharged his duties there with great ability and 
faithfulness until 1 850. It is on his attitude 
while in this body that his memory will be per- 
petuated to posterity, for he showed the great- 
est courage imaginable, and took the true 
ground in reference to the war with Mexico, 
which is now generally recognized as a wholly 
unnecessary and unwarranted war, begun with- 
out proper authority from congress, and solely 
for the purpose of conquest, in order that 
slavery might be extended into free territory. 
His speech against that war was bold, pa- 
triotic and high-toned, and it is probable that 
had he subsequently been consistent in the 
attitude he then assumed his party would have 
made him its candidate for the presidency in 
1852, but he became an advocate of the Wil- 
mot proviso, which by many is believed to 
have sealed his political career, so far as 
national promotion is concerned. For his ac- 
tion, however, in connection with this proviso, 
he was appointed, by President Fillmore, sec- 
retary of the United States treasury, a position 
which he held until 1852, when he resigned, 
and returned to private life among the hills of 
Warren county. 

Not long afterward he opened a law office 
in Cincinnati, and was again elected to con- 
gress in 1858 and i860. By President Lincoln 
he was appointed minister to Mexico, and on 
April 11, 1 86 1, he embarked for Vera Cruz, 
whence he went to the city of Mexico, where 
he served his country efficiently until the close 
of the war, returning to the United States in 
April, 1S65, opening a law office in Washington, 
D. O, but had no more than settled down to 
practice there than he was stricken with apo- 
plexy, and died after an illness of three days. 

While he was in congress he never rose to 
speak unless he had something to say; hence 
he always commanded the attention of that 

branch in which he was serving. His great- 
ness in oratory is beyond question, his patriot- 
ism no one ever doubted, and in his private 
life, from boyhood until his death, every one 
recognized the integrity and purity of his char- 
acter, which, during his whole public career, 
took on the form of the highest sense of honor, 
and through which he always maintained his 
reputation among his countrymen. 

November 13, 1822, he married Miss Sarah 
Ross, a sister of Hon. Thomas R. Ross, who 
served three terms in congress. By his mar- 
riage he had no children, so that he left noth- 
ing to his country but his labor therefor and 
his great and his everlasting fame. 

succeeded Gov. Wilson Shannon as 
governor of Ohio, upon that gentle- 
man's resignation, as mentioned in his 
life above inserted, was born February 11, 
1812, at the home of his parents, in Jefferson 
county, Ohio. His ancestry emigrated from 
Northumberland county, England, in 1724, 
and settled in Londoun county, Va., but sub- 
sequently removed to Fayette county, Pa. , 
where his father, Mordecai Bartley, was born. 
His mother was Elizabeth Welles, and Gov. 
Bartley was named Thomas Welles, from her 
father, Thomas Welles, of Brownsville, Pa. 
Having received a liberal education under his 
father's care and guidance, and having grad- 
uated with the degree of bachelor of arts 
from Washington & Jefferson college, a Pres- 
byterian institution of learning located at 
Washington Pa., and founded in 1802, Mr. 
Bartley studied law in Washington, D. C, 
and was licensed to practice at Mansfield, 
Ohio, in 1834. The following year he had 
conferred upon him by his alma mater the 
honorary degree of master of arts. Having 
taken a high position at the bar he was elected 



attorney-general of Ohio and served as such 
four years; being afterward appointed United 
States district attorney, he served in that po- 
sition also four years. Subsequently he was 
elected to the lower house of the general as- 
sembly of the state, served therein one term, 
and was then elected to the state senate, in 
which he served four years. While president 
of the senate of Ohio, in 1844, he became 
governor of the state, through the resignation 
of Gov. Shannon, who had been appointed, 
by President Tyler, minister to Mexico, and 
he administered the affairs of the office until 
he was succeeded therein by his father, Mor- 
decai Bartley, in December of that year. 

In 1 85 1 he was elected judge of the su- 
preme court of the state, served two terms in 
this high position, and then resumed the prac- 
tice of the law, in Cincinnati, continuing there, 
thus engaged, for several years, when, owing 
to the ill health of his family, he removed, in 
1869, to Washington, D. C., where he followed 
his profession until his death. 

Gov. Bartley was a sound attorney, a faith- 
ful public official, a wise judge and a most 
courteous gentleman, and his removal to the 
capital of the nation placed him in a field 
where he enjoyed full scope for the exercise of 
his powers, untrammeled by local politics, for 
in that city, where the people have no vote, 
politics does not enter into their business and 
their profession as it does elsewhere in the 
United States. Gov. Bartley is well remem- 
bered by many of the leading men of the state. 

ceeded his son Thomas W. Bartley 
as governor, was born in Fayette 
county, Pa., December 16, 1783. 
He was reared to manhood on his father's 
farm, attended school at intervals during his 
minority, and in 1809 moved to Ohio. He 

tendered his services to the government in the 
war of 1812, served as captain and adjutant 
under Gen. William Henry Harrison, and on 
leaving the army settled, in 18 14, in Richland 
county, where he remained until his removal 
to the city of Mansfield in 1834. For some 
years Mr. Bartley was engaged in mercantile 
pursuits in Mansfield, but previous to locating 
there, had served as a member of the Ohio 
state senate, to which he was elected in 18 17. 
In 18 18 he was chosen, by the legislature, 
registrar of the land office of Virginia Mili- 
tary school-lands, which position he held until 
1823, when he resigned in order to take his 
seat in the congress of the United States, to 
which he had been elected in the meantime. 
He served in congress until March, 1831, and 
in 1844 was elected, on the whig ticket, gov- 
ernor of the state, the functions of which office 
he discharged in a very creditable manner 
until 1846, declining a renomination and retir- 
ing to private life. After the nomination by 
the whigs for governor of Mordecai Bartley, the 
democrats in their convention, in the same 
year, came within one or two votes of placing 
his son Thomas once again in the field as his 
opponent. Gov. Bartley was very decided in 
his opposition to the Mexican war, but when 
the president issued a call for troops, he 
promptly responded and superintended the 
organization of the Ohio forces in person. 
Politically Gov. Bartley affiliated with the 
whigs until the disruption of that party, after 
which he espoused the cause of the republican 
party. He died in the city of Mansfield Oc- 
tober 10, 1 770. 

*ILLIAM BEBB, lawyer and judge, 
the fourteenth governor elected by 
the people of Ohio, was born in 
Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1804, and 
died at his home in Rock River county, 111., 



October 23, 1873. His father emigrated from 
Wales, Great Britian, in 1795, and first located 
in the Keystone state. Traveling across the 
mountains to the valley of the Miami on foot, 
he purchased in the neighborhood of North 
Bend an extensive tract of land, returned to 
Pennsylvania and married Miss Robert, to whom 
he had been engaged in Wales, and, with his 
bride, riding in a suitable conveyance, again 
crossed the mountains and settled on his land 
in what was then but a wilderness. He was a 
man of sound judgment, and, in common with 
many of his countrymen, of a joyous and ever 
hopeful disposition. His wife was a lady of 
culture and refinement, and her home in the 
valley of the Miami, with few neighbors except 
the wild, unshorn, and half-naked savages, 
was a great change from her previous life. 
There were of course no schools there to send 
her children to, and this was a matter of grave 
concern to the parents of our subject, who was 
in consequence taught to read at home. In 
those years the Western Spy, then published 
in Cincinnati, and distributed by a private post- 
rider, was taken by his father, and William 
read with avidity its contents, especially the 
achievements of Napoleon Bonaparte. His 
education advanced no further until a peripa- 
tetic schoolmaster, passing that way, stopped 
and opened a school in the neighborhood, and 
under him our subject studied English, Latin 
and mathematics, working in vacation on his 
father's farm When twenty years old he him- 
self opened a school at North Bend and resided 
in the home of Gen. Harrison. In this em- 
ployment he remained a year, during which he 
married Miss Shuck, the daughter of a \yealthy 
German resident of the village. Soon after- 
ward he began the study of law while continu- 
ing his school, and as a teacher was eminently 
successful, and his school attracted pupils from 
the most distinguished families of Cincinnati. 
In 1 S3 1 he rode to Columbus on horseback. 

where the supreme court judges examined him 
and placed him in the practice of the state. He 
then removed to Hamilton, Butler county, and 
opened a law office, where he continued quietly 
and in successful practice fourteen years. Dur- 
ing this period he took an active interest in 
political affairs, and advocated during his first 
(called the " Hard Cider ") campaign, the claims 
of Gen. Harrison, and no less distinguished 
himself during that "Tippecanoe and Tyler, 
too, " campaign, in which the persons indicated 
were successful, and the whigs in 1840, for the 
first time, succeeded in electing their candi- 
dates. Six years afterward he was elected 
governor of the state, and the war with Mexico 
placed him, as the governor of Ohio, in a very 
trying position. As a whig he did not person- 
ally favor that war, and this feeling was greatly 
entertained by the party who made him their 
leader in the state, but he felt that the ques- 
tion was not one of party but of cordial support 
of the general government, and his earnest 
recognition of this fact eventually overcame 
the danger that had followed President Polk's 
proclamation of war. His term of office 
(1846-48) was distinguished by good money, 
free schools, great activity in the construction 
of railroads and turnpikes; the arts and in- 
dustry generally were well revived, and high 
prosperity characterized the whole state. 

In 1844 Gov. Bebb purchased 5,000 acres 
of land in Rock River county, 111., of which 
the location was delightful and the soil rich; 
500 acres were wooded and constituted a 
natural park, while the remainder was pasture 
of the best quality, with a stream of water fed 
by perpetual springs. No man of moderate 
ambition could desire the possession of a more 
magnificent portion of the earth's surface. 
Three years after making this purchase he re- 
moved to it, taking with him fine horses, and 
a number of the choicest breeds of cattle, and 
entered upon the cultivation of this fine prop- 



erty. Five years afterward he visited Great 
Britain and the continent of Europe. In the 
birth-place of his father he found many de- 
sirous to immigrate to America, and encourag- 
ing the enterprise a company was formed and 
a tract of 100,000 acres purchased for them in 
east Tennessee, where he agreed to preside 
over their arrangements in the settlement of 
this land. In 1856 a party of the colonists 
arrived on the land and Gov. Bebb resided 
with them until the war of the Rebellion began, 
when he left the state with his family. The 
emigrants, discouraged by the strong pro- 
slavery sentiment, scattered and settled in va- 
rious parts of the northern states. 

On the inauguration of President Lincoln 
Gov. Bebb was appointed examiner in the pen- 
sion department at Washington, and held this 
position until 1866, when he returned to his 
farm in Illinois and the peaceful pursuits of 
agriculture. His scale of farming was the cul- 
tivation of 2,000 acres in a season, while an- 
other 1,000 formed his cattle pasture. He 
took an active part in the election of Gen. 
Grant, and the first sickness of any conse- 
quence he ever experienced was an attack of 
pneumonia following an exposed ride to his 
home from Pecatonica, where he had addressed 
the electors. From this he never recovered, 
and although he spent the following winter in 
Washington, occupied mainly as a listener to 
the debates in the senate, he felt his vital forces 
declining. Returning home the next summer, 
and feeling that he was no longer able to su- 
perintend his farm operations, he resided at 
Rockford until his death. 

EABURY FORD, the fifteenth gov- 
ernor of Ohio elected by the people, 
was born in Cheshire, Conn., in 1S02. 
John Ford, his father, was a native 
of New England, but of Scotch descent, while 

his mother, Esther Cook, was of English 
Puritan ancestry. She was -a sister of Nabbie 
Cook, the wife of Peter Hitchcock, the first 
chief justice of Ohio. In 1805, John Ford 
explored the Western Reserve in search of 
lands and a home in the west, purchasing 
2,000 acres in what is now the township of 
Burton, Geauga county, Ohio, and removing to 
this land in the fall of 1807. Seabury was 
then but five years old, but even then gave in- 
dications of superior intelligence. He pre- 
pared for college at the academy in Burton, 
entering Yale college in 1821, in company with 
another young Ohioan, named D. Witter, they 
two being the first young men from Ohio to 
enter Yale. Graduating from Yale in 1825, 
he then began the study of the law in the 
office of Simon W. Phelps, of Painesville, 
completing his course in the office of his uncle. 
Judge Peter Hitchcock, in 1827. Being ad- 
mitted to practice he opened an office in Bur- 
ton, and grew rapidly in popular favor. He 
was always interested in military affairs, in ag- 
ricultural pursuits and in politics, and was in 
1835 elected by the whigs to the legislature 
from Geauga county. Being twice re-elected, 
he served three terms, during the latter term 
acting as speaker of the lower house. In 1841 
he was elected to the state senate from Cuya- 
hoga and Geauga counties, and remained a 
member of that body until 1844, when he was 
again elected to the lower house. In 1S46 he 
was again elected to the senate and was chosen 
speaker of that body. In 1848 he was elected 
governor by a small majority, retiring at the 
close of his term to his home in Burton, much 
broken in health. On the Sunday after reach- 
ing his home he was stricken with paralysis, 
from which he never recovered. 

During twenty years of his life he was an 
honored member of the Congregational church, 
and was always a highly respected citizen. As 
a representative of the people he was faithful 



to their interests, and was possessed of the 
most rigid integrity. A private letter, pub- 
lished in a Cleveland, Ohio, paper, said of him, 
in 1839, that he was one of the most useful 
men in the legislature and that in a few years 
he had saved the state millions of dollars. 

September 10, 1828, he married Miss Har- 
riet E. Cook, a daughter of John Cook, of 
Burton, by whom he had five children, three 
of whom reached mature age, as follows: 
Seabury C. , George H., and Robert N. Gov. 
Ford died May 8, 1S55. 

SEUBEN WOOD, the successor of 
Seabury Ford, was born in Rutland 
county, Yt., in the year 1792. He 
was reared to manhood in his native 
state, served with distinction in the war of 1 8 1 2 
as captain of a company of Vermont volun- 
teers, and afterward studied law and began the 
practice of his profession in Cleveland, Ohio. 
From 1S25 till 1828 Mr. Wood served in the 
state senate; in 1830 was appointed president- 
judge of the Third district, and in 1833 was 
elected associate judge of the state supreme 
court, which office he held until 1845. 

In 1848 Mr. Wood was the democratic 
nominee for the governorship, to which office 
he was elected by a handsome majority, and 
with such ability and satisfaction did he dis- 
charge his official functions that in 1850 he 
was chosen his own successor, being the first 
governor under the new constitution. Gov. 
Wood was prominently spoken of in 1852 as 
an available presidential candidate, but the 
party, while admitting his fitness for the 
high position, finally united upon Franklin 
Pierce. In addition to the honorable positions 
above mentioned, Gov. Wood served eighteen 
months as United States consul at Valpa- 
raiso, Chili, resigning at the end of that time and 
retiring to private life. The death of this 

eminent jurist and statesman occurred in Rock- 
port, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, October 2nd, 
1864, in his seventy -second year. 

^y W I LLIAM MEDILL, the seventeenth 
m B governor of Ohio elected by the 

\_3^/^ people, was born in New Castle 
county, Del., in 1801. He gradu- 
ated from Delaware college in 1825, and stud- 
ied law with Judge Black, of New Castle city. 
Removing to Lancaster, Ohio, in 1830, he 
began there the practice of the law, being regu- 
larly admitted to the bar by the supreme court 
in 1832. In 1835 he was elected to the lower 
house of the general assembly from Fairfield 
county, and served several years with great 
ability. In 1838 he was elected to congress 
from the counties of Fairfield, Perry, Morgan 
and Hocking, and was re-elected in 1840, 
serving to the satisfaction of his constituents. 
In 1841; he was appointed by President Polk 
second assistant postmaster-general, perform- 
ing his duties with marked ability. The same 
year he was appointed commissioner of Indian 
affairs, and as such commissioner introduced 
many needed reforms. Indeed, he was one 
of the few men holding office under the gov- 
ernment of the United States who have treated 
the unfortunate sons of the forest with any 
semblance of justice. Both these offices he 
held during President Polk's administration, at 
its close returning to Ohio and resuming the 
practice of the law. In 1849 he was elected 
a member of the constitutional convention that 
gave us the present constitution of the state of 
Ohio, serving with impartial ability as presid- 
ing officer of that body. In 1851 he was 
elected lieutenant-governor, and in 1853 as 
the second governor under the new constitution. 
In 1857 he was appointed by President Bu- 
chanan first controller of the United States 
treasury, holding that office until March 4, 1861, 



when he retired to private life in Lancaster, 
Ohio, holding no office afterward. 

Gov. Medill was a man of great ability, a 
true patriot, of spotless character, a faithful 
friend and an incorruptible public servant. He 
never married, and died at his residence in 
Lancaster, Ohio, September 2, 1865. 

•""V*ALMON P. CHASE, the eighteenth 
*\^^%T governor of Ohio elected by the peo- 

h^_J pie, was born at Cornish, N. H., Jan- 
uary 13, 1808. His father, Ithaman 
Chase, was descended from English ancestry, 
while his mother was of Scotch extraction. 
Ithaman Chase was a farmer, was a brother of 
the celebrated Bishop Philander Chase, and 
died when his son, Salmon P., was yet a lad. 
In 1 8 1 5 his father removed his family to 
Keene, Cheshire county, N. H., where young 
Salmon received a good common-school edu- 
cation. Bishop Chase, having removed to 
Ohio, invited his young nephew to the state, 
and in Worthington, Franklin county, he pur- 
sued his studies preparatory to entering col- 
lege, becoming a student at Dartmouth in 
1825, and graduating in 1826. He then went 
to Washington, D. C, where for some time he 
taught a classical school, which did not prove 
successful. For this reason he made applica- 
tion to an uncle of his, in the United States 
senate, to secure for him a position in one of 
the government offices, but was met with the 
reply from that uncle that he had already 
ruined two young men in that way, and did 
not intend to ruin another. Young Chase then 
secured the patronage of Henry Clay, Samuel 
L. Southard and William Wirt, who placed 
their sons under his tuition, and he in the 
meantime studied law with William Wirt. 

In 1830, having been admitted to the bar, 
he settled down in Cincinnati to the practice 
of the law, but meeting for some years with 

indifferent success, he spent his leisure time in 
revising the statutes of Ohio, and introduced 
his compilation with a brief historical sketch 
of the state. This work, known as Chase's 
Statutes, in three octavo volumes, proved of 
great service to the profession, and its sale was 
so great a success that his reputation as a 
lawyer of ability was at once established. 

In 1834 he became solicitor of the branch 
bank of the United States in the city of Cin- 
cinnati, and soon afterward of one of the city 
banks, and in 1837 he distinguished himself 
by defending a negro woman who had been 
brought by her master to Ohio, and who had 
escaped from his possession. This gave him 
considerable prominence as an abolitionist, and 
by some it was thought he had ruined his pros- 
pects, especially when he enhanced that repu- 
tation in the defense of James G. Birney, whose 
newspaper, the Philanthropist, had been de- 
stroyed by the friends of slavery. Mr. Chase 
had always looked upon things from the moral 
standpoint, believed ever in freedom, and that 
if Christ died for any man he died for all men, 
and hence Mr. Chase was always the friend of 
man. The position he took in the defense of 
slaves who had escaped to or were brought to 
free soil, was that by that act alone, even 
under the constitution of the United States, 
they obtained their freedom. 

In 1846 Mr. Chase, in the supreme court 
of the United States, defended Van Zandt 
(who was the original of John Van Trompe, in 
" Uncle Tom's Cabin "), who was prosecuted 
for harboring fugitive slaves, taking the ground, 
as before, that, even though the constitution 
contained a provision for the return of such 
fugitives, no legislative power on the subject 
had been granted to congress, and that there- 
fore the power to devise legislation thereon 
was left to the states themselves. The bold 
statements and forcible arguments of Mr. 
Chase in his management of such cases, 



alarmed the southern states, and ultimately 
led to the enactment of the fugitive slave law 
in 1850, as a portion of the compromise meas- 
ures of that period. 

In 1 84 1 Mr. Chase united with others op- 
posed to the further extension of slavery, in a 
convention for which he was the principal 
writer of the address to the people on that 
subject. He also wrote the platform for the 
liberty party when it nominated James G. 
Birney as its candidate for the presidency. In 
1842 he projected a convention of the same 
party in Cincinnati, the result of which was 
the passage of a resolution declaring the ur- 
gent necessity for the organization of a party 
committed to the denationalization of slavery. 
In 1848 Mr. Chase presided over the Buffalo 
free soil convention, which nominated Martin 
Van Buren and Charles Francis Adams for 
president and vice-president. On the 22d of 
February, 1849. Mr. Chase was elected to 
the United States senate by a coalition of 
democrats and free soilers, who had declared 
slavery to be an evil, but when the Baltimore 
convention in 1852 approved of the compro- 
mise measures of 1850 he withdrew from 
their ranks, and advocated the formation of an 
independent democratic party, which should 
oppose the extension of slavery. In 1855 Mr. 
Chase was elected governor of Ohio by the 
newly organized republican party by a ma- 
jority of 15,651 over Gov. Medill, and in 1857 
he was elected governor, the second time, over 
Henry B. Payne. 

At the national republican convention in 
i860 Mr. Chase received on the first ballot 
forty-nine votes, in a total of 375, and im- 
mediately withdrew his name. By President 
Lincoln he was appointed secretary of the 
treasury of the United States, holding this 
position until July, 1864, when he resigned. 
His management of the nation's finance was 
marked with consummate ability, and con- 

tributed largely to the success of the govern- 
ment in its efforts to suppress the Rebellion. 
In November, 1864, he was nominated by 
President Lincoln as chief justice of the 
United States, to succeed Chief Justice Tanty, 
who had then recently died, and he filled this 
great office until his death. 

In 1868 he permitted his name to go be- 
fore the democratic national convention as a 
candidate for the presidency, but received only 
four votes out of 663, Horatio Seymour of 
New York securing the nomination. The most 
valuabe public service rendered the nation by 
Mr. Chase, as secretary of the treasury, was 
the origination by him of the bill under which, 
in 1863, state and private banks became na- 
tional banks, and under which the govern- 
ment of the United States became responsible 
for the circulation .of national bank notes, 
the government being secured by a de- 
posit of bonds equal in amount to the pro- 
posed circulation, plus ten per cent. While 
this law was at first opposed by many public 
men, yet in time it won its way into their 
judgment long before Mr. Chase's death, and 
he had the satisfaction of realizing that its ad- 
vantages were such that the people of the 
United States were more greatly benefited 
by this than by any previous monetary meas- 
ure, as under it the money of the banks was 
made equally valuble in all parts of the United 

Mr. Chase was married three times, and of 
six children born to him, two accomplished 
daughters survived him at his death, which 
occurred of paralysis, May 7, 1S73. 


teenth governor of Ohio, was born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 23, 
1815. His father and mother emi- 
grated from New Jersey to Ohio, settled in the 



Miami valley about 1805, gave their son a 
liberal education, and he graduated from 
Miami university in 1835 with high honors in 
political science, belles lettres and history. 
After his graduation he became a law student 
in the office of Nathaniel C. Pendleton, father 
of Hon. George H. Pendleton, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1840. The same year he 
married a daughter of William Neil, of Co- 
lumbus, to which city he removed and applied 
himself with energy and diligence to the prac- 
tice of the law. In 1848 he was elected to 
the Ohio senate as a whig for the district com- 
posed of Franklin and Delaware counties. At 
that time the slavery question was a promi- 
nent one in politics, men taking positive posi- 
tions on one side or the other, and a desperate 
struggle was made throughout the state for the 
control of the general assembly. After failing 
by a small adverse majority to be elected 
president of the senate he was appointed to a 
leading position on a committe having in charge 
the revisal of the statutes, which had become 
in the opinion of most of the people a disgrace 
to the state, especially those laws which pro- 
hibited black men and mulattoes from gaining 
a permanent residence within the state, and 
from testifying in courts against white persons. 
Mr. Dennison warmly advocated the repeal of 
these laws, and with complete success. He 
was equally opposed to the extension of slaverv, 
with its blighting effects, into new territory. 
From 1850 to 1852 he was engaged in the 
practice of the law, and in the latter year, as 
a presidential elector, he cast his vote for 
Gen. Winfield Scott. From this time on for 
some years he took great interest in the sub- 
ject of railroads in the west, and was elected 
president of the Columbus & Xenia Railroad 
company, and was very active as a director of 
all railroads entering Columbus. In 1856 he 
was a delegate to the republican national con- 
vention at Pittsburg, and voted for Gen. John 

C. Fremont for president. In 1859 he was 
elected governor of Ohio by the republican 
party, and in his first message to the general 
assembly took the position that "The federal 
Union exists by solemn compact voluntarily 
entered into by the people of each state and 
thus they became the United States of- Amer- 
ica, e plaribus iiiium, and this being so, no 
state can claim the right to secede from or 
violate that compact." 

When the war was begun he exerted all the 
authority of his office to aid the general govern- 
ment to suppress the Rebellion, and as the first 
war governor of Ohio his name will go down 
to posterity as one of the most patriotic of men. 
When Gov. Magoffin, of Kentucky, telegraphed 
to President Lincoln that Kentucky would fur- 
nish no troops for such a wicked purpose as 
the subduing of the sister southern states, 
Gov. Dennison telegraphed that if Kentucky 
would not fill her quota, Ohio would fill it for 
her, and in less than two weeks, under the in- 
fluence of her patriotic governor, Ohio raised 
enough soldiers to fill the quota of three states, 
and it was not long before the attention of the 
entire country was directed to Ohio as the 
leading state in the suppression of the Rebel- 
lion, a position which she proudly maintained 
all through the war. The people of West 
Virginia owe to Gov. Dennison the fact of their 
separate existence as a state, the story of 
which is well known and too long for publica- 
tion here. 

At first Gov. Dennison opposed Sec. Chase's 
national banking system, but as its beneficial 
effects became apparent he gave it his unquali- 
fied support, and it is well known that Ohio 
took the lead in the establishment of national 
banks, a system of banking which, among its 
other features, has done much to cement the 
union of the states since the war. After his 
term of office as governor had expired he be- 
came a favorite speaker in defense of the Union. 



As a delegate to the national republican con- 
vention, in 1864, he did much to secure the 
renomination of Abraham Lincoln, and suc- 
ceeded Montgomery Blair as postmaster-gen- 
eral, but resigned his office when President 
Johnson had defined his "policy." For several 
years after this Gov. Dennison lived in retire- 
ment, but was called on by President Grant, 
in 1875, to act as one of the commissioners of 
the District of Columbia, a position which he 
filled until 1878. 

By his marriage to Miss Neil he became the 
father of three children, the first-born dying in 
infancy, and the others being named Neil and 
Elizabeth. He died June 15, 1882, respected 
by all people as an able, patriotic and good man. 

^V^V AVID TOD, Ohio's twentieth elect- 
I ed governor, was born in Youngs- 
/^^.J town, Mahoning county, February 21, 
1805, received a good literary educa- 
tion, and after studying for the legal profession 
was admitted to the bar in the year 1827. He 
practiced about fifteen years at Warren, where 
his talents soon won him recognition among 
the leading lawyers of the northeastern part of 
the state, and while a resident of Warren was 
elected, in 1838, a member of the state senate. 
Gov. Tod soon took high rank as a successful 
politician, made a brilliant canvass for Martin 
Van Buren in 1840, and in 1844 was nominated 
for governor, but was defeated by a small ma- 
jority. One of the issues of the gubernatorial 
campaign of 1844 was "hard" and "soft" 
money, the democrats representing the former 
and the whigs the latter. In a speech David 
Tod, the democratic candidate, said that 
sooner than adopt " soft " or paper money, it 
would be better to go back to the Spartan idea 
of finance and coin money from pot-metal. 
His opponents seized upon this expression, 
dubbed him "pot-metal" Tod, and insisted 

that he was really in favor of coining pot-metal 
into currency. Medallions of Mr. Tod about 
the size of a silver dollar were struck off by his 
opponents by the thousands, being composed 
of pot-metal and circulated throughout the 
state. The "pot-metal" cry doubtless had 
much to do in bringing about his defeat by a 
slender margin, showing that small things are 
often effective in political campaigns, if the 
people happen to be in the humor to be influ- 
enced by them, which not infrequently hap- 
pens to be the case. In 1847 ne was ap- 
pointed, by President Polk, minister to Brazil, 
and represented his government until 1852, 
when he returned to the United States and 
took an active part in the campaign which re- 
sulted in the election of Franklin Pierce to the 
presidency. In i860 he was chosen delegate 
to the Charleston convention, of which he was 
made vice-president, and after the withdrawal 
of the southern wing of the democratic party, 
presided over that body until its adjournment. 
Upon the breaking out of the Civil war. Gov. 
Tod was earnest in his advocacy of a compro- 
mise between the north and south, but with 
the commencement of hostilities he became a 
firm supporter of the Union and did much to 
arouse enthusiasm in the prosecution of the 
struggle. In 1861 he was the republican nom- 
inee for governor, and at the ensuing election 
defeated his competitor by an overwhelming 
majority of 55,000 votes. He proved a very 
popular and capable executive, and during his 
term of two years, greatly aided the national 

WOHN BROUGH, the twenty-first gov- 
m ernor of Ohio elected by the people 
A 1 of the state, was born at Marietta, 
Ohio, September 17, 1811. His father, 
John Brough, was a companion and friend of 
Blennerhassett, both coming to the United 



States in the same ship in 1S06. They re- 
mained in close friendship for many years, but 
Mr. Brough was not connected with the unfor- 
tunate complications between Blennerhassett 
and Aaron Burr. John Brough died in 1822, 
leaving his wife with five children, and with 
but small means of support. 

John Brough, who became governor of Ohio, 
was sent to learn the trade of printer in the 
office of the Athens Mirror before he was four- 
teen. After a few months he entered the Ohio 
university at Athens, reciting with his class in 
the day time, and setting type mornings and 
evenings to support himself. He was a good 
compositor and also a good student, and was 
distinguished for his skill in athletic games. 
Having completed his education at the univer- 
sity he began the study of law, but soon after- 
ward went to Petersburg, Va., to edit a news- 
paper. Returning to Marietta, Ohio, in 1831, 
he became proprietor of the Washington county 
Republican, a democratic paper, which he con- 
ducted until 1833, when he sold out, and in 
partnership with his brother, Charles H., pur- 
chased the Ohio Eagle, published at Lancas- 
ter, Ohio, and while he was a strong partisan, 
yet he had no patience for any kind of under- 
hand work in either party. In 1835 he was 
elected clerk of the Ohio senate, and retained 
this position until 1838. He was chosen rep- 
resentative from Fairfield and Hocking coun- 
ties in 1838, and the next year he was chosen 
by the legislature to fill the office of auditor 
of state. To this latter office he was again 
elected and served six years. Many evils then 
existed in the finances of the state, but, not- 
withstanding much opposition and many em- 
barrassments, he succeeded in finding remedies 
therefor, and the pecuniary affairs of the state 
were placed on a solid foundation. The re- 
ports he made upon the state's financial sys- 
tem are among the ablest and most valuable of 
our state papers. 

During his second term as auditor of state 
he purchased the Phcenix, a newspaper in Cin- 
cinnati, changed its name to the Enquirer and 
placed it in charge of his brother, Charles H., 
and at the close of that term removed to Cin- 
cinnati, opened a law office and wrote edi- 
torials for his paper. He also became a power- 
ful and effective public speaker, and while he 
was becoming a distinguished leader in the 
democratic party he was also becoming with 
equal rapidity thoroughly disgusted with party 
politics. In 1848 he retired from partisan 
strife, sold one-half interest in the Enquirer, 
and devoted his attention to railroads. Being 
elected president of the Madison & Indiana 
Railroad company, he removed to Madison, 
Ind., but later, at the invitation of one of his 
friends, Stillman Witt, of Cleveland, Ohio, 
he accepted the presidency of the Bellefon- 
taine Railroad company, which, under his man- 
agement, became one of the leading railroads 
of the country. In 1861 he removed to Cleve- 
land, and during the first two years of the war 
was untiring in his efforts to serve the govern- 
ment by the prompt transportation of troops to 
the front. 

In 1S63, that portion of the democrats of 
Ohio that was opposed to the further prose- 
cution of the war nominated C. L. Vallandig- 
ham for governor of the state, and Stillman 
Witt, having urged Mr. Brough to take an ac- 
tive part in politics, generously offering to per- 
form the duties of the president of the railroad, 
and permit Mr. Brough to draw the salary, 
Mr. Brough was at length nominated by the 
republican party as its candidate in opposition 
to Vallandigham. The result of the election 
was that Mr. Brough was elected by a majority 
of 101,099, the total vote being 471,643. It 
was at the suggestion of Gov. Brough that an 
extra force of 100,000 men was raised to aid 
Gen. Grant in his arduous campaign of 1 864, 
Ohio's quota of this 100,000 being 30,000. 



Within ten days Ohio raised 38,000 men, the 
result being due largely to Gov. Brough's ener- 
getic action, which called out the warmest 
commendation from both President Lincoln 
and Gen. Grant. 

While Gov. Brough lived to see the war 
brought to a successful close, yet he died -be- 
fore the close of his term, on August 29, 1865. 
He was of the honest men in politics, just in 
all his motives and acts. Though not a 
member of any church, yet he took a deep in- 
terest in religion and died in the hope of an 
eternal life. Gov. Brough was twice married — 
first to Miss Acsah P. Pruden, of Athens, 
Ohio, who died in 1838 at the age of twenty- 
five years, and second, to Miss Caroline A. 
Nelson, of Columbus, Ohio, whom he married 
in 1843 at Lewiston, Pa. By this latter mar- 
riage he had two sons and two daughters. 


nomination as lieutenant-governor of 
Ohio on the ticket in 1S63, with John 
Brough for governor and elected. The 
death of the latter transferred Col. Anderson 
to the office of governor in August of the same 

Charles Anderson was born June 1, 18 14, 
at the residence of his father, called Soldiers' 
Retreat, or Fort Nelson, near the falls of the 
Ohio, and which locality is about nine miles 
from the city of Loaisville, Ky. His father, 
Col. Richard Clough Anderson, a gentleman 
of high character, who was an aid-de-camp to 
Lafayette, removed to Soldiers' Retreat from 
Virginia in 1793, and there, in the capacity 
of surveyor-general of the Virginia military 
land grant, made his residence three years be- 
fore Kentucky was recognized as a territory. 
His mother was a relative of Chief-Justice 
Marshall, and his eldest brother, Richard 
Clough Anderson, represented his district in 

congress, was the first United States minister 
to the republic of Columbia and commissioner 
in congress at Panama. Robert Anderson, 
another brother of Gov. Anderson, was the 
Major Anderson commanding Fort Sumter in 
April, 1 86 1. 

Charles Anderson graduated from Miami 
university at Oxford, Ohio, in 1833, began the 
study of law in Louisville in his twentieth year 
in the office of Pirtle & Anderson, and in 1835 
was admitted to practice. He then went to 
Dayton, Ohio, and September 16th married 
Miss Eliza J. Brown, a young lady of that 
place. He remained a resident of Dayton, 
Ohio, varying his professional engagement by 
working the farm during the following ten 
years, having in that time been elected prose- 
cuting attorney of the county, and in 1 844 was 
elected to the state senate. His vote in this 
body in favor of bills to give to the colored men 
the privilege of testifying in court caused him 
the enmity of all the pro-slavery element among 
his constituency, but of this he took no notice. 
He resolved that at the close, of his term he 
would recuperate his health by a protracted 
sea voyage, and, descending to New Orleans, 
he took a vessel for Havana, and there took 
passage on a vessel bound for Europe, and 
with much advantage to his health returned 
by the way of Paris and Liverpool. Arriving 
in Cincinnati, he entered into a law partner- 
ship with Rufus King, Esq., and for eleven 
years practiced his profession. Then his 
original love of farming still influencing his 
life, he went to Texas in 1859, and found the 
people greatly excited on account of the polit- 
ical condition of the country. Demagogues 
had advocated dissolution of the Union there 
as elsewhere, and the establishment of a new 
southern states' government of a monarchical 
form, its foundation-stone human slavery, and 
under the protectorate of Great Britain, to 
which people their cotton would be exchanged 



for goods of British manufacture exclusively. 
He soon saw that this treasonable project had 
taken deep root among the ignorant masses of 
the south. There was no term that had been 
uttered that could be more opprobrious than 
abolitionist, and his well-known love of free- 
dom prompting him to boldly address the 
people, he did so at a great gathering at San 
Antonio November 20, i860, advocating, in 
the most stirring and patriotic language, the 
perpetuity of the national Union. Though the 
recipient subsequently of letters threatening his 
life, he continued to reside in San Antonio in 
spite of the forty-day resident act passed by 
the Confederate congress at Montgomery, Ala. , 
and was therefore confined as a political pris- 
oner in the guard-tent of Maclin's battery of 
artillery. By the assistance of two persons, 
who subsequently were maltreated for so assist- 
ing him, he escaped to the north. It was not 
reasonable to suppose that Mr. Anderson, born 
in Kentucky, and from infancy surrounded by 
and breathing the atmosphere of slavery, could 
have regarded that institution as it was looked 
upon by the millions who had not been simi- 
larly situated. Hence the original idea of the 
war, restoring the Union as it was, caused him 
to offer his services to Gov. Tod, and he was 
appointed colonel of the Ninety-third Ohio 
regiment, in command of which brave body of 
men he was seriously wounded in the battle of 
Stone River. After his term of service as 
lieutenant-governor and governor of Ohio he 
removed to a large iron estate on the Cumber- 
land river, in Lyon county, Ky. , where he 
spent the remainder of his life. 

>-j*ACOB DOLSON COX, the twenty-sec- 

M ond governor of Ohio elected by the 

{• J people, was born in Montreal, Canada, 

October 27, 1828, to which city his 

parents, who were natives of the United States, 

and who were then residents of New York, had 
gone for a temporary purpose, Mr. Cox being 
a master builder, and having in charge in Mon- 
treal the erection of the frame work, roofing, 
etc., of the church of Notre Dame. The fol- 
lowing year they returned to New York, where 
were spent the childhood days of the subject 
of this sketch. In 1846 he eatered Oberlin 
college, from which he graduated in 185 1, and 
in 1852 he removed to Warren, Ohio, where 
for three years he was superintendent of the 
high school. In the meantime he studied law 
and was admitted to the bar, and in 1859 he 
he was elected, from the Trumbull and Mahon- 
ing district, to the legislature, where throughout 
his term he was regarded as a "radical," not 
only on account of the section of the state from 
which he came, but also on account of his hav- 
ing married the daughter of President Finney 
of Oblerlin college. He took his seat in the 
senate on the first Monday in January, i860. 
After the enactment of the fugitive slave 
law of 1850 the state of Ohio passed a law 
providing penalties for carrying free blacks out 
of the state without first having recourse to 
judical proceedings. The democrats in the 
legislature earnestly desired to repeal this law, 
and Mr. Cox, as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee, made a minority report against its re- 
peal, to which report the support of the entire 
republican party was given. While Mr. Cox 
was not in favor of any unnecessarily harsh 
measures to grieve the southern states, yet he 
was always uncomprisingly in favor of support- 
ing the government in its efforts to suppress 
the Rebellion. Ten days after President Lin- 
coln's first call for troops, Mr. Cox was com- 
missioned, by Gov. Dennison, a brigadier-gen- 
eral of Ohio volunteers for the three months' 
service, and placed in command of Camp 
Jackson, which was established for the re- 
ception of troops. A larger camp being nec- 
essary, President Lincoln commissioned him 



brigadier-general of volunteers, and with 
the assistance of Gen. Rosecrans he laid out 
Camp Dennison. On the 6th of July, 1861, he 
was ordered by Gen. McClellan to take a posi- 
tion at the south of the Great Kanawha, whence 
he drove the rebels under Gen. Wise out of the 
valley of that river, and took and repaired the 
bridge at Gauley, and other bridges; and it is 
owing to the success of these early military 
maneuvers that West Virginia became an inde- 
pendent state. In August, 1862, he was as- 
signed to the army of Virginia under Gen. 
Pope, and when Gen. Reno fell succeeded to 
his command, that of the Ninth corps, which 
he commanded at the battle of Antietam, in 
which battle his troops so distinguished them- 
selves that he was appointed to a full major- 
generalship. On April 16, 1S63, Gen. Cox 
was in command of the district of Ohio, and 
also of a division of the Twenty-third army 
corps, with headquarters at Knoxville, Tenn. 
In the Atlanta campaign he led the Third di- 
vision of the Twenty-third army corps, and in 
the engagement at Columbus had entire com- 
mand, as he had also at Franklin, November 
30, where he felt the full force of Hood's at- 
tack. On reaching Nashville Gen. Thomas 
assumed command of the army, Gen. Scho- 
field of the Twenty-third corps, and Gen. Cox 
of his division — his division in this battle cap- 
turing an important rebel position and eight 
pieces of cannon. In January, 1865, Gen. 
Cox, with his division, performed important 
service in North Carolina, aiding in the cap- 
ture of Kingston, and then he united his forces 
with Sherman's army. Gen. Cox had charge 
of the details connected with the surrender of 
Gen. Johnston's soldiers. In July, 1865, he 
was placed in command of the district of Ohio, 
and while in charge of the discharge of Ohio 
soldiers was elected governor of the state, and 
was inaugurated January 15, 1866. Through- 
out the war Gen. Cox was steadily pro- 

moted, and won golden opinions from all pa- 
triots, but after the close of the struggle he 
supported President Johnson's " policy," which 
gave great dissatisfaction to loyal people. In 
1869 President Grant appointed him secretary 
of the interior, which position he resigned 
after a few months, and returned to Cincin- 
nati, where he was appointed receiver of the 
Toledo, Wabash & Western railroad, and re- 
sided temporarily at Toledo, where, in 1875, 
he was elected to congress from the Sixth dis- 
trict. He was appointed a member of the 
Potter committee, which investigated the man- 
ner in which the presidential election of 1876 
had been conducted in the "disputed states," 
South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana. Sub- 
sequently he removed to Cincinnati, where 
he died. 


I ^Z sketch of the life of Rutherford B. 
P Hayes, the twenty-third governor of 
Ohio elected by the people and elec- 
ed to succeed himself, and also elected to 
succeed William Allen, the reader is referred 
to that portion of this work which is devoted 
to the lives of the presidents of the United 

twenty-fourth governor of Ohio elect- 
ed by the people, was born in Hav- 
erhill, Mass., October 3, 1832. His 
parents, Theodore and Hannah Noyes, both 
died before he was three years old, and he was 
reared by his grandparents, Edward and Han- 
nah Stevens, who resided at East Kingston, 
Rockingham county, N. H. His- grandfather 
Stevens having died, he was taken when 
twelve years of age by his guardian, Joseph 
Hoyt, of Newton, N. H. For two years he 



worked on his guardian's farm in summer and 
attended schools in winter, and at fourteen he 
was apprenticed to the printer's trade in the 
office of the Morning Star at Dover, N. H., 
the organ of the Free Will Baptist church. 
In this office he remained four years. Though 
his apprenticeship required him to remain un- 
til he was twenty-one, yet his employer 
released him at eighteen, in order that he 
might secure an education. He prepared 
himself for college at the academy at Kingston, 
N. H., and entered Dartmouth college in 1853, 
graduating at that institution in 1857. In the 
winter of his senior year he began to read law 
in the office of Stickney & Tuck at Exeter, 
N. H., and before leaving Dartmouth he had 
become really an abolitionist. Being a good 
speaker, he was appointed by ihe republican 
state executive committee of New Hampshire to 
traverse the state in the interest of Gen. John 
C. Fremont for the presidency. The next win- 
ter he entered the law office of Tilden, Raridan 
& Curwen, and attended lectures on law at the 
Cincinnati Law school during the winter of 
1857—58, being admitted to the bar during the 
latter year, and not long afterward established 
himself in a profitable practice. Giving atten- 
tion to the political crises then impending, he 
became convinced that secession, if accom- 
plished, would finally disrupt the Union, and 
on the 8th of July, 1S61, converted his law 
office into a recruiting station, and was com- 
missioned major of the Thirty-ninth regiment 
Ohio volunteer infantry. On August 20, 1861, 
the Twenty-seventh and the Thirty-ninth regi- 
ments were transferred from the eastern to 
the western army, the latter being officered 
as follows: John Groesbeck, colonel; A. W. 
Gilbert, lieut. -colonel, and, as stated above, 
Edward F. Noyes, major. Early in 1862 this 
latter regiment joined the army of the Mis- 
sissippi, then commanded by Gen. Pope, and 
took part in the capture of New Madrid and 

Island No. 10. From that time until Gen. 
Pope was assigned to the command of the 
Potomac, Maj. Noyes was on that general's 
staff, and when the colonel and lieutenant-col- 
onel of the Thirty-ninth, as named above, re- 
signed, Maj. Noyes was commissioned colonel, 
and took command of his regiment in October, 
1862. In 1864 his regiment was one of those 
composing the First division of the Seven- 
teenth army corps, and on July 4, of that year, 
took part in the assault on Ruff's Mill, in which 
he was shot in the leg, which had to be am- 
putated on the field of battle. The operation 
not proving successful, the colonel was taken 
to Cincinnati, and operated on by Dr. W. H. 
Mussey, and in the following October he re- 
ported for duty to Gen. Hooker, who assigned 
him to the command of Camp Dennison. Upon 
the recommendation of Gen. Sherman he was 
promoted to the full rank of brigadier. 

He was soon afterward elected city solicitor 
of Cincinnati, and in 1871 was elected gov- 
ernor of Ohio by a majority of 20,000, while at 
the election of 1873, when he was again a can- 
didate, he was defeated by an adverse majority 
of 800. In the presidential campaign of 1876 
he was an active participant, and was later 
appointed by his old friend, President Hayes, 
minister to France. He remained in Paris 
four years, in the meantime, however, making 
an extensive tour through the countries along 
the Mediterranean sea for the purpose of inves- 
tigating the condition of the laboring classes, 
making an able report to the government. He 
resigned in 1881 and resumed his law practice 
in Cincinnati. He was very enthusiastic and 
cheerful in his disposition, and kindly in his 
manner. In February, 1863, on a leave of 
absence, he married Miss Margaret W. Proc- 
tor, at Kingston, N. H., with whom he be- 
came acquainted while in the academy in his 
youthful days. He died September 4, 1 890, 
nearly fifty-eight years of age. 



>ILLIAM ALLEN, twenty-fifth gov- 
ernor of Ohio elected by the peo- 
ple, was born in Edenton, Chowan 
county, N. C, in 1807. His par- 
ents both died within a few months of each 
other before he was one year old, and he was 
cared for by an only sister, who soon afterward 
removed with her .husband to Lynchburg, Ya., 
taking young William with her. This sister 
was the wife of an itinerant Methodist minis- 
ter and the mother of Hon. Allen G. Thurman. 
She was a very superior woman, and was well 
fitted for the task of rearing two of Ohio's dis- 
tinguished statesmen, whose names are given 
above. About 1821 Mrs. Thurman, with her 
husband and family, removed to Chillicothe, 
Ohio, leaving her brother to attend an acad- 
emy at Lynchburg, Va., but he rejoined her 
two years later, and attended the academy in 
Chillicothe, and later read law in the office of 
Edward King, the most gifted son of Rufus 
King, of Revolutionary fame, and a popular 
statesman for many years. Having been ad- 
mitted to the bar in his twentieth year, he be- 
came a partner of his preceptor, and early in 
his career manifested that forensic ability to 
which he was mainly indebted for his success. 
This, together with his tall, commanding fig- 
ure and powerful, penetrating voice, attracted 
people to him, the latter giving him the name 
of the "Ohio Gong," and all together secured 
his nomination to congress, he being elected 
by the democrats in 1832, in a whig district, 
by a majority of one vote. While he was the 
youngest man in the Twenty-third congress, 
yet he was recognized as a leading orator, tak- 
ing part in the most important discussions in 
that body. 

In January, 1837, on what was called 
"Saint Jackson's Day," at a supper given in 
Columbus, Ohio, he made a speech which un- 
expectedly led to his election to the United 
States senate, to succeed Hon. Thomas Ewing. 

He remained in the senate twelve years, or 
until 1849, during which time he was at the 
full measure of his powers. 

In 1845 Senator Allen married Mrs. Erne 
(McArthur) Coons, a daughter of ex-Gov. Mc- 
Arthur, who had been, in 1830, elected gov- 
ernor of Ohio. She inherited from her father 
the old homestead, "Fruit Hill" farm, upon 
which Gov. Allen resided with his only daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Scott, his wife having died in Wash- 
ington soon after the birth of her daughter. In 
August, 1873, Mr. Allen was elected governor 
of Ohio, being the only man on the demo- 
cratic ticket not defeated. As governor he 
recommended the reduction of taxation and 
economy instate affairs. He was the first demo- 
cratic governor of Ohio after the war, and though 
his administration gave general satisfaction, he 
was defeated with the rest of the democratic 
ticket in 1875. It has been said of him that 
he originated the political catch-word, "Fifty- 
four forty, or fight," in reference to the 
boundary question between the United States 
and the British dominions, from which posi- 
tion the democratic party so ignominiously 
backed down. Gov. Allen died at Fruit Hill 
farm in 1879. He was a man of high charac- 
ter, cordial manners, and above all political 
chicanery of every kind, and his name will 
long be an honored one in American history. 

HOMAS L. YOUNG, ex-officio gov- 
ernor of Ohio, succeeding to the 
office by the election of Gov. R. B. 
Hayes to the presidency of the United 
States, taking possession of the office in Feb- 
ruary, 1877, was born December 14, 1832, on 
the estate of Lord Dufferin in the north of 
Ireland. Of Lord Dufferin it may perhaps be 
permissible, parenthetically, to remark that as 
governor-general of Canada, in 1874, he made 
a remarkable report on the loyalty of the peo- 



pie of Canada to the British government, which 
appeared to him so "wholesome and satisfac- 
tory." This estate of Lord Dufferin was in 
Down county, Ireland. When Mr. Young was 
twelve years old his parents brought him to 
this country, and he was educated in the com- 
mon schools of New York city. When he was 
sixteen years old he enlisted in the regular 
army, serving in all ten years. At the expira- 
tion of his enlistment he visited the home of 
his parents, in the northern part of Pennsyl- 
vania, on one of the upper tributaries of the 
Susquehanna river, where he engaged in the 
business of country merchant until 1859, when 
he removed to Cincinnati, and took charge of 
the house of refuge, a youths' reformatory in- 
stitution, which position he retained until the 
breaking out of the war of the Rebellion. 
Having, while in the regular army, spent sev- 
eral years among the people of the south, he 
knew that they had determined upon war, and 
in March, 1861, he wrote to Gen. Scott, whom 
he personally knew, offering to assist in organ- 
izing volunteers for the defense of the govern- 
ment. Gen. Scott thanked him for his loyalty, 
but expressed bis incredulity as to the southern 
people entertaining any such purpose. 

In August, 1 86 1, Mr. Young was commis- 
sioned a captain in Gen. Fremont's bod}' guard, 
serving in that capacity until the following 
January, when that organization was disbanded 
by Gen. Halleck. For some months after- 
ward Capt. Young was engaged in editing a 
democratic paper in Sidney, Ohio, in which he 
severely condemned the indecision manifested 
in the conduct of the war. In August, 1862, 
he was appointed to raise a company for the 
One Hundred and Eighteenth regiment Ohio 
volunteer infantry, and became the first major 
of the regiment. In Februarv, 1863, he was 
promoted to lientenant-colonel, and com- 
manded his regiment in the Tennessee cam- 
paign. In April, 1864, he was commissioned 

colonel of his regiment and served as such 
until the 4th of September following, when he 
was honorably discharged on account of phys- 
ical disability resulting from his services, • and 
exposures in the field. At the battle of Rq- 
saca, Ga., Col. Young led the first charge on, 
the enemy's works, the severity of the contest 
being indicated by the fact that he lost 1 16 
men out of 270 engaged. For this and other, 
acts of bravery the president brevetted hirn< 
brigadier-general of volunteers, March, 13, 1865.1 
Upon leaving the service he engaged in the 
study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 
April, 1865, being in the same month appointed 
assistant city auditor of, Cincinnati. In Oc- 
tober, 1865, he was elected to the Ohio house 
of representatives for Hamilton county, and in 
December, 186S, was appointed, by President 
Johnson, supervisor of internal revenue for the 
southern district of Ohio. This position he re- 
signed at the end of one year. For some time 
afterward he was engaged in the purchase and 
sale of real estate, and in 1871 was the only 
republican elected to the state senate from 
Hamilton county. In 1873 he formed a law 
partnership with Gen. H. B. Banning and 
Jacob McGarry, and in 1875 he was elected 
lieutenant-governor. Upon the resignation of 
Gov. Hayes he became governor, serving the 
remainder of the term. In 1878 he was elected 
to congress by the republicans of the second dis- 
trict, and died July 19, 1 888, thoroughly admired 
for his integrity of character and manliness. 

5>^\ ICHARD M. BISHOP, the twenty- 
I <^T sixth governor of Ohio, was born No- 
P vember 4, 18 12, in Fleming county, 
Ky. His parents, who were of Ger- 
man and English lineage, removed from Vir- 
ginia in 1 80c. They were members of the 
regular Baptist church, of which he also be- 
came a member in 1828. 



At this lime the Baptist churches in Ken- 
tucky were greatly excited in consequence of 
the criticisms made by Mr. Campbell, and his 
co-laborers, upon the religious corruption of 
the age. This excitement continued to in- 
crease in the immediate neighborhood of the 
Bishop family until 1832, when they and 
others were excluded from the Baptist church 
on account of " Campbellite heresy." Since 
then Mr. Bishop has been associated with 
the church of the Disciples or Christians. 
Mr. Bishop began his business career in Flem- 
ing county, Ky. , at the age of seventeen, and 
before he was twenty-one he became a part- 
ner in the store which he had entered as a 
clerk From 1838 to 184 1 he was engaged 
with his brother in the pork business, which 
proved unfortunate in consequence of the sud- 
den depression in prices, and the failure of the 
Mississippi banks, in which state they sold 
largely. They were compelled to suspend, 
but this temporary embarrassment did not dis- 
courage him, for he soon resumed business in 
the same place, where he continued until 1847. 
He then removed to Mount Sterling, Kentucky, 
where he established a branch house, his 
brother remaining at the old stand. In 1848 
he removed to Cincinnati and commenced the 
wholesale grocery business under the style 
of Bishop, Wells & Co. This firm continued 
until 1855, when the business was reorganized 
and conducted under the firm name of R. M. 
Bishop & Co. The firm was composed of 
himself and three sons, and at one time did 
the largest business in the city, the sales 
amounting in some years to nearly $5,000,- 
000. In April, 1857, he was nominated for 
council in the Second ward and was elected 
by a large majority. At the end of the second 
year he was elected presiding officer. In 
1859 he was elected mayor of Cincinnati by a 
handsome majority, holding the same office 
until 1 86 1, when he declined the renomination 

tendered him by each of the political par- 
ties. In January, i860, when the Union was 
threatened by the leaders of the Rebellion, 
the legislatures of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky 
and Tennessee visited Cincinnati to encourage 
each other to stand by the old flag. At a 
grand reception given them at Pike's opera 
house, Mayor Bishop delivered an address of 
welcome amid a storm of applause. In the 
September ensuing his Royal Highness, the 
Prince of Wales, visited Cincinnati at the in- 
vitation of the mayor and received from him 
a cordial welcome. In February, 1861, when 
President Lincoln was passing on his way to 
his inauguration through Cincinnati, he was 
received in a speech by the mayor. During 
his administration the laws were rigidly en- 
forced, of which the Sunday ordinance, and 
those against gambling houses, were notable 
examples. Liquor selling and various other 
forms of Sabbath desecration were in the main 
suppressed. He inaugurated, amid much op- 
position, most important reforms in the man- 
agement of the city prison, work-house and 
the police. 

Mr. Bishop has become widely known for 
his liberality and devotion to the Christian 
church. From 1859 to 1867 he was president 
of the Ohio State Missionary society, and was 
the successor of the late Dr. Alexander Camp- 
bell in the presidency of the general Christian 
Missionary conference, which office he held 
until 1875. He was president of the board of 
curators of Kentucky university from its or- 
ganization until 1S80, when he declined a re- 
election; he was also one of the curators of 
Bethany college; also for many years trustee 
of the McMicken university. He was director 
of the First National bank for many years, 
and of several other business enterprises, as 
well as philanthropic institutions. He was a 
member of the Ohio state constitutional con- 
vention held in 1873 and 1874, and was presi ■• 



dent of the great national commercial conven- 
tion held in Baltimore in 187 1. He was one 
of the prime movers in that great enterprise, 
the Southern railway, the building of which 
he so successfully managed, having been a 
trustee from the beginning, and the laborious 
work of obtaining charters for the road is 
largely his. 

In 1877 he was elected governor of Ohio 
by a majority of nearly 23,000 over the domi- 
nant party, and served two years with entire 
satisfaction to all parties. His first annual 
message was well received and complimented 
by the press generally. Upon his return to 
Cincinnati he was given a cordial and enthu- 
siastic reception at Lytle hall, where a large 
number of ladies and gentlemen had assembled 
to welcome him home. Since the expiration 
of his term as governor he has been urged by 
his friends to accept the nomination for various 
important offices, but always declined. 

Few men in the state can point to so many 
substantial benefits conferred upon society as 
the results of their single labors. Prompt de- 
cision, constant industry, sound judgment, and 
a desire to benefit his fellow-men, are his 
chief characteristics. 

aHARLES FOSTER, twenty-seventh 
governor of Ohio elected by the peo- 
ple, was born in Seneca county, Ohio, 
April 12, 1828. His parents, Charles 
W. Foster and wife, the latter of whom was a 
daughter of John Crocker, were from Massa- 
chusetts, reaching Seneca county, Ohio, in 1827. 
Charles Foster received only a common- 
school education, and went to Rome, now 
Fostoria, Ohio, when he was fourteen years 
old, where he was compelled to take charge of 
his father's store, and thus failed to secure a 
liberal education, which his father intended he 

should receive, and for which he had prepared 
himself at the Norwalk seminary. His success 
in the management of the store was very 
marked, and he soon became sole manager. 
The town of Fostoria, named from the Foster 
family, was the result of the consolidation of 
Rome and Risdon, which lay but a mile or two 
apart. In 1870 Mr. Foster was induced to 
accept the nomination for congress at the 
hands of the republicans of his district, and he 
was elected by a majority of 776 over Hon. 
E. F. Dickinson. In 1872 he was again elected 
to congress by a majority of 726 over Rush R. 
Sloane. In 1874 he was elected by a majority 
of 159 over Hon. George E. Seney, and in 
1876 he was elected by a majority of 271. In 
1878, the democratic party having secured a 
majority of the state legislature, in order to 
defeat Mr. Foster most outrageously gerry- 
mandered his district, and he was defeated by 
a majority of 1,255. I n 1879 he was elected 
governor of Ohio over Hon. Thomas Ewing, 
by a plurality of 17,129, and in 1881 he was 
again elected, by a plurality of 24,309, over 
John W. Buchwalter. 

Upon the death of the secretary of the 
United States treasury, William Windom, Mr. 
Foster was appointed his successor by Presi- 
dent Harrison, February 27, 1891, and served 
until the close of the Harrison administration, 
March 4, 1893. The successful adjustment of 
the four and one-half per cent, loan was one 
of the notable events of his first year's admin- 
istration of the treasury department of the 
government. Of the $50,869,200 of the four 
and one-half per cent, bonds, July 1, 1891, 
$25,364,500 were presented for continuance at 
two per cent., the rest being called in for re- 
demption. No other financial officer of the 
general government has ever negotiated a 
public loan at so low rate of interest. Since 
retiring from the national treasury, Mr. Foster 
has been engaged in arranging his own financial 



affairs, which were thrown into confusion, 
while he was in public office by those whom he 
had trusted. 

^^EORGE HOADLY, who was the 
■ f7\ twenty-eighth governor of Ohio, was 
\^^f born in New Haven, Conn., July 31, 
1826. He is the only son of George 
and Mary Ann (Woolsey) Hoadly'. Mary Ann 
Woolsey was a daughter of William Walton 
and Elizabeth (Dwight) Woolsey of New York, 
and she was a great-granddaughter of Jonathan 
Edwards, the famous New England theologian. 
She was a niece of President Dwight of Yale 
college, and the eldest daughter in a family 
containing among its members President Wool- 
sey of Yale college. Theodore Winthrop was 
her nephew and Sarah Woolsey, known in 
literature as "Susan Coolidge," her niece. 
George Hoadly, Sr. , was at one time mayor 
of New Haven, Conn., removed in 1830 to 
Cleveland, Ohio, and resided there the re- 
mainder of his life, serving as mayor of that 
city five terms, from 1832 to 1S37, and again 
one term, 1846-47. 

George Hoadly, the subject of this sketch, 
received his preliminary education in Cleve- 
land, and when fourteen years old was sent to 
the Western Reserve college at Hudson, Ohio, 
where he was graduated in 1844. He then 
spent one year in the Harvard law school 
under the tuition of Judge Story and Prof. 
Simon Greenleaf, and after studied a year with 
Charles C. Convers, of Zanesville, Ohio, then 
removed to Cincinnati and entered the office 
of Chase & Ball as a student. He was 
admitted to practice in 1847 and in 1849 be- 
came a member of the firm of Chase, Ball & 
Hoadly, the senior member of which was Sal- 
mon P. Chase. In 185 1 he was elected judge of 
the supreme court of Cincinnati, and in 1853 
formed a co-partnership with Edward Mills. 

In 1 85 5-56. he was city solicitor of Cincinnati, 
and in 1859 succeeded Judge W. Y. Gholson 
as judge of the new superior court, holding 
this office uutil 1866, when he resigned, in 
order to form the firm of Hoadly, Jackson & 
Johnson. He was a member of the constitu- 
tional convention of 1873-74, and served as 
chairman of the committee on municipal cor- 
porations. For eighteen years he was profes- 
sor in the law school at Cincinnati, trustee 
of the university, and of the Cincinnati mu- 
seum. He was one of the counsel in behalf of 
the board of education in its famous case of 
resistance to the attempt to compel Bible 
reading in the public schools, in which the 
victory was with the board. 

Originally a democrat, he left that party 
and became a republican on the question of 
slavery, but during the campaign of 1876 sup- 
ported Tilden as against Hayes. In 1877 he 
appeared as counsel before the electoral com- 
mission and argued in favor of the democratic 
electors from Florida and Oregon. In 1880 
he was temporary chairman of the democratic 
national convention which nominated W. S. 
Hancock for president. In 18S3 he was 
elected governor of Ohio, and in March, 1887, 
he removed to New York city, became the 
head of a law firm there, and has resided there 
ever since. 

In 185 1 he married Mary Burnet Perry, 
third daughter of Capt. Samuel Perry, one of 
the earliest settlers of Cincinnati. He and his 
wife have had three children, viz: George, 
Laura and Edward Mills. 


3 ernor of Ohio and United States senator, 

/» 1 elect, was born near Rainsborough, 

Highland county, Ohio, July 5, 1846. 

His parents, who are still living, represent the 



agricultural class of the population of this 
country, and upon their farm he spent his 
earlier years. 

When the war of the Rebellion broke out 
young Foraker enlisted in company A, Eighty- 
ninth regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, being 
then but sixteen years of age. With this regi- 
ment he served until after the fall of Atlanta, 
at which time, by successive promotions, he 
had risen to the rank of first lieutenant. Im- 
mediately after the fall of Atlanta he was 
detailed for service in the signal corps as a sig- 
nal officer on the staff of Maj.-Gen. Slocum, 
commanding the left wing of the army of 
Georgia. After the marches through Georgia 
and the Carolinas he was promoted brevet 
captain of United States volunteers, and as- 
signed to duty as aid-de-camp on the staff of 
Gen. Slocum, holding this position until he was 
mustered out of service at the close of the war. 

Returning home and resuming his studies, 
he graduated from Cornell university, Ithaca, 
N. Y. , in 1869. To gain time lost while in 
the service of his country in the army he read 
law while attending the university, and was 
admitted to the bar in Cincinnati, October 14, 
1869, and he at once began in that city the 
practice of his profession. He was married 
October 4, 1870, to Miss Bulia Bundy, a 
daughter of Hon. H. S. Bundy, of Wellston, 
Ohio, and they have five children, two sons 
and three daughters. 

In April, 1879, he was elected judge of the 
superior court of Cincinnati, Ohio, and held 
this position until May 1, 1882, when he re- 
signed on account of ill health. Recovering 
his health he resumed the practice of the law 
in Cincinnati, and in 18S3 was nominated for 
governor of Ohio, but was defeated by his 
opponent, Judge George Hoadly. In 1884 he 
was a delegate to the national convention of 
the republicans which met in Chicago, and as 
chairman of the Ohio delegation, placed Hon. 

John Sherman in nomination before the con- 
vention for the presidency. In 1885 he was 
again a candidate for governor of Ohio, and 
this time was elected, defeating his former 
opponent, Judge Hoadly, and in 1887 he was 
re-elected governor of the state. In 188S he 
was again a delegate to the republican national 
convention and was again chairman of the 
Ohio delegation, placing Hon. John Sherman 
again in nomination before the convention for 
the presidency of the United States. In 1889 
he was again nominated for governor of Ohio, 
but through the persistent cry of " third term- 
ism " he was defeated by James E. Campbell. 
In January, 1892, he was a candidate for 
United States senator, receiving thirty-eight 
votes, but was defeated by Senator John Sher- 
man. That year he was a delegate at large to 
the national republican convention, which met 
at Minneapolis, serving in that body as chair- 
man of the committee on resolutions. The 
state convention held at Zanesville, May 28, 
1895, unanimously endorsed him as the repub- 
lican candidate for United States senator to 
succeed Hon. Calvin S. Brice, whose term 
of office expired March 4, 1897, and at the 
November election, 1895, a republican legisla- 
ture was chosen by a majority of nearly 100,- 
000, which was practically instructed by the 
people to elect Mr. Foraker to the position 
named above. In obedience to these instruc- 
tions the legislature of the state on January 
14, 1896, elected Mr. Foraker United States 
senator from Ohio, for six years from March 
4, 1897, by a majority, on joint ballot, of 
eighty-five, the majority in the senate being 
twenty-three, and in the house of representa- 
tives being sixty-two, the entire legislative ma- 
jority being, as stated, eighty-five. Mr. For- 
aker is, therefore, the people's choice for this 
high position, in which it is confidently pre- 
dicted he will confer honor on his native state, 
even as he has had honor conferred upon him. 



In his speech accepting the office Mr. Foraker 
used the following language : 

" I go there (to the United States senate) 
as a republican. I belong to that party. I 
believe in that party. I believe in its past ; I 
believe in its present; I believe in its future. 
I believe it the most acceptable agency we can 
command in the administration of national 
affairs. I believe it is better calculated than 
any other political organization to contribute 
to the strength, power, dignity, happiness and 
glory of the American people. " After speak- 
ing in favor of American marine interests 
and of the construction of the Nicaragua ca- 
nal he then referred to financial questions as 
follows : "I believe in bi-metallism. I be- 
lieve the world made a mistake when it de- 
monetized silver. I sincerely hope some safe 
way may be found for the restoration of silver 
to its rightful place alongside of gold as a 
money of ultimate redemption. I shall favor 
every measure calculated in my judgment to 
bring about that result, subject always, how- 
ever, to the condition that it provides for the 
maintenance of the parity of the two metals." 

M ernor of Ohio, was born in Middletown, 
a 1 Ohio, July 7, 1843. He is a son of 
Dr. Andrew and Laura P. (Reynolds) 
Campbell, the former of Scotch and the latter 
of English descent. John P. Reynolds, the 
father of Mrs. Laura P. Campbell, was at one 
time a publisher of the state of New York, but 
later a resident of Madison, Ohio. The Rey- 
nolds family came originally from Devonshire, 
England. Jonathan Reynolds emigrated from 
Plympton Earl, in that country, in 1645, to 
America, taking up his residence near Plymp- 
ton, in the colony of Massachusetts bay, and 
n Jonathan Reynolds Mr. Campbell is of 
the sixth generation. By another branch of 

his family on his mother's side he is a descend- 
ant of John Parker, who commanded the 
American troops at the battle of Lexington, 
the first battle of the American Revolution. 
Both his grandfathers were in the war of 1812. 

Upon reaching his maturity Mr. Campbell 
began reading law. In the summer of 1863 he 
became a master's mate on the gunboats Elk 
and Naiad, and took part in several engage- 
ments, but on account of ill health he was dis- 
charged at the end of one year's services. 
During the winter of 1864-65 he was a law 
student in the office of Doty & Gunckel at 
Middletown, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1865. Beginning practice in 1867, he was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Butler county 
in 1875 and again in 1877. In 1S79 he was 
defeated for the state senate by twelve votes. 
Up to 1S72 he was a republican, but then voted 
for Greeley, and has since acted with the demo- 
crats. He was elected to the Forty-eighth, 
Forty-ninth and Fiftieth congresses, and in 
1889 was elected governor of Ohio. In 1891 
he was again a candidate, but was defeated by 
Maj. McKinley. In 1895 he was the third 
time a candidate, but was defeated by the 
present incumbent of the office, Hon. Asa S. 
Bushnell, by a plurality of 92,622 votes. 

On January 4, 1870, Mr. Campbell was 
married to Miss Libbie Owens, a daughter of 
Job E. and Mary A. (Price) Owens, the former 
of whom was a native of Wales, and the latter 
of Welsh descent. 


ILLIAM McKINLEY, who succeed- 
ed James E. Campbell in the guber- 
natorial chair, and who served out a 
well-administered term of office, on 
retiring filled a higher position in the esteem of 
the people of Ohio than he had ever before 
enjoyed, and this measure of esteem was also 
supplemented by that of the people of the na- 



tion at large, who, in November, 1896, elected 
him chief magistrate of the United States. In 
that portion of this volume devoted to the bi- 
ographies of our presidents, that of Mr. Mc- 
Kinley is given in full, and to it the attention 
of the reader is respectfully invited. 

HSA S. BUSHNELL, governor of Ohio 
at the present time, is, without doubt 
and without qualification, one of the 
ablest men in the state. In many 
respects his career has been an exceptional 
one. His education and training have been 
those of a practical man of affairs, and to-day, 
at the age of sixty-two, having been born at 
Rome, Oneida county, N. Y. , in 1834, he is 
one of the most clear-headed business men in 
the country. 

At the age of eleven he left his home in 
the Empire state, to begin his career in the 
Buckeye state, reaching Cincinnati in 1845, 
where he spent six years in the public schools, 
paying his own expenses by working out of 
school hours and in vacation seasons. At the 
end of the six years spent in Cincinnati he re- 
moved, in 1 85 1, to Springfield, Ohio, in which 
city he has since lived and in which city he has 
acquired a princely fortune. His first three 
years in the "Champion City" were spent as 
a dry-goods clerk, during which time he be- 
came a thoroughly practical bookkeeper, and 
at their expiration he was given a position as 
bookkeeper with the old and well-known 
water-wheel firm of Leffel, Cook & Blakeney, 
which was even then doing an extensive busi- 
ness. This position he retained until 1857, 
when he formed a partnership with Dr. John 
Ludlow in the drug business, a partnership 
which lasted ten years, or until 1867. The 
only break in the continuity of his labors here 
was while he was engaged as captain of com- 

pany E, One Hundred and Fifty-second Ohio 
volunteer infantry, in 1864, in the Shenandoah 
valley. Here his bravery and his kindly man- 
ner won for him the admiration of and made 
him very popular among his fellow-soldiers of 
the entire regiment. While he was in the army 
he was somewhat slight in build and light in 
weight, and he was not much given to physi- 
cal exercise, while at the present time he is 
unusually active and weighs fully 200 pounds. 

In 1867 Capt. Bushnell purchased an in- 
terest in the large manufacturing firm of what 
is now known as the Warder, Bushnell & 
Glessner Co., of which the late Benjamin F. 
Warder was then the head, and of which the 
junior member was J. J. Glessner, now a 
prominent capitalist of Chicago. And it is in 
connection with this concern, which Mr. Bush- 
nell has so long and so successfully managed, 
that he has made the fortune which he to-day 

Hon. Asa S. Bushnell has long been closely 
identified with the republican party in Ohio, 
though his attempt to become governor of the 
state was the first he ever made to secure pub- 
lic office. He became chairman of the repub- 
lican state executive committee in 1885, and 
from 1886 to 1890 he served the state as 
quartermaster-general, having been appointed 
by Gov. Foraker, who was largely instru- 
mental in securing for him the nomination for 
governor in 1895, at Zanesville. In the fall of 
1888 he was assaulted in the streets of Spring- 
field by political enemies, and through that as- 
sault came near losing his life. This assault 
still remains a mystery, and no one has been 
brought to punishment. He was chosen as 
a delegate at large to the republican national 
convention which met at Minneapolis in 1892, 
and which nominated President Harrison for 
re-election, and on November 2, 1895, he was 
elected governor of Ohio by a plurality of 
92,622, over Hon. James E. Campbell, the 



democratic candidate, this plurality being the 
largest ever given to a governor with the ex- 
ception of that given Gov. John Brough, dur- 
ing the progress of the Civil war, when the 
soldiers at the front voted almost unanimously 
for Brough as against Vallandigham. He was 
inaugurated governor on January 13, 1896. 

In the affairs of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Gov. Bushnell has long been a prom- 
inent participant, being a member of Mitchell 
post, of Springfield, Ohio. He is also an ar- 
dent Free Mason. Among other of Gov. 
Bushnell's benefactions may be mentioned the 
Ohio Masonic Home, which was in all proba- 
bility preserved to Springfield by his unsolicited 
contribution of $10,000, at a time, too, when 
he was not a Mason. 

Dr. John Ludlow, with whom Mr. Bushnell, 
as a young man, found employment, had at 
that time a pretty daughter named Ellen, and 
these two young people were eventually mar- 
ried. Several children blessed the union, three 
of whom survive, as follows: Mrs. J. F. Mc- 
Grew, Mrs. H. C. Dimond, and John Ludlow 
Bushnell, the latter of whom graduated with 
honors from Princeton in 1894. Mrs. Bushnell 
is an ideal woman in every relation. While 
she is a society woman, yet she is not so in the 
ordinary sense of the phrase, her principal 
strength lying in her domestic qualities. Her 
two daughters are as happily married as is she 

herself. Mrs. McGrew is the wife of one of 
Springfield's most promising young attorneys, 
and is the mother of two children, Ellen and 
Fanny, while Mrs. Dimond is the wife of a 
prominent young physician and also the mother 
of two children, Asa Bushnell and Douglas 
Marquand Dimond. 

Brief reference can be made to the inau- 
gural address of Gov. Bushnell. Among other 
things he commended was the proposition of 
home rule or local option in matters pertaining 
to taxation — which means that counties should 
provide their own systems of taxation for their 
necessary expenses ; that double taxation should 
be avoided, and that such taxation as is nec- 
essary should be distributed as to lighten the 
burden of government, and so as to retain and 
attract capital to the state. He also favored 
a purchasing board for state institutions, and 
the providing of some means by which the state 
could supply employment to such of its prison- 
ers as are now compelled to remain perpetually 
idle. He also favored the limitation by statute 
of local indebtedness to ten per cent of the tax 
duplicate, and in closing said: "Time only can 
tell how much or how little I shall merit your 
commendation, but it will be my constant aim 
and purpose to serve you as faithfully and as 
wisely as there is light given me to show the 
path of right, and I shall ever remember that 
I am the servant of the people." 

From "Early Dayton." 




■ (j\ ceased, one of Ohio's most distin- 
^L^J guished sons, and one whom the 
people of Dayton take pride in claim- 
ing as their fellow-citizen, was born in Frank- 
lin, Warren Co., Ohio, October 4, 1809, and 
was the son of Gen. William C. Schenck. 

Gen. William C. Schenck was a native of 
New Jersey, born in January, 1773. He came 
to Cincinnati in 1795, and served for a time in 
the land office under Gen. James Findlay, and 
afterward under John Cleve Symmes, as a sur- 
veyor, which became his profession. In 1798 
he married Betsey Rogers, of Huntington, 
Long Island, N. Y., and reached Cincinnati, 
Ohio, with his wife, January 1, 1799. They 
resided in that city until about 1803, when 
they removed to Franklin, Ohio, of which 
place, as well as of Newark, Licking county, 
he was the founder and proprietor. His death 
occurred in January, 1821, on the forty-eighth 
anniversary of his birthday, at Columbus, 
where he was serving as a member of the leg- 
islature from Warren county. His eldest son, 
James Findlay Schenck, was rear admiral of 

the United States navy. 

After the death of his father, Robert C. 
Schenck was placed under the guardianship of 
Gen. James Findlay. In November, 1824, he 
entered the sophomore class at Miami univer- 
sity, and in [827 was graduated from that in- 
stitution, but remained in Oxford, the seat of 
the university, employing his time in reading, 
and as tutor of French and Latin, until 1830, 
when he received the degree of master of arts. 
In November, 1830, he entered the law office 
of Thomas Corwin, at Lebanon, Ohio, and in 
the following January was admitted to the bar. 
He then located in Dayton and commenced 
the practice of law, which he continued with 
success until the commencement of his public 
life. In 1 84 1 he was elected to the lower 
house of the Ohio general assembly. In May, 
1843, he was elected to congress, and was re- 
elected for each succeeding term until 1850, 
when he declined a renomination. In 185 1 
he was appointed by President Fillmore as 
United States minister to Brazil. In April, 
1852, while in Brazil, he received instructions 
to proceed to Buenos Ayres, and to Monte- 
video, and with the charge d'affaires to the 
Argentine confederation, to propose treaties of 



commerce with the latter government, and 
with the oriental republic of Uruguay. He 
was also empowered to negotiate with any 
person authorized to represent the republic of 
Paraguay. He returned from Brazil in 1854, 
and for some years took no active part in pol- 
itics, spending his time in attending to import- 
ant law cases and in managing, as president, a 
line of railroad from Fort Wayne, Ind., to the 
Mississippi river. In 1859, at a meeting of his 
fellow-citizens of Dayton, he delivered an ad- 
dress upon the political questions of the day, 
and was on this occasion the first to suggest 
the name of Abraham Lincoln as the next 

When the attack was made on Fort Sum- 
ter, Mr. Schenck at once tendered his services 
to the government, and was commissioned 
brigadier-general of volunteers. On June 17, 
1 86 1, Gen. Schenck was ordered to take pos- 
session of the London & Hampshire railroad as 
far as Vienna. On reaching Vienna he was 
unexpectedly attacked by a body of rebels in 
ambush under Gregg, in greatly superior num- 
bers. Gen. Schenck, with great coolness, 
rallied his few men, and behaved with so 
much courage that the rebels withdrew. At 
Bull Run, July 21, 1861, he commanded a 
brigade in Gen. Tyler's division, and when 
the order for retreat was given, Gen. Schenck, 
forming his brigade, brought off the only por- 
tion of that great army that was not resolved 
into the original elements of a mob. Gen. 
Schenck was next assigned to the command of 
a brigade in West Virginia under Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was actively engaged in the cam- 
paign on the Kanawha and New rivers. From 
Cumberland, he, with a small force, was or- 
dered to move up the south bank of the Poto- 
mac river, did so, and successfully occupied 
and held Moorefield, Petersburg, Franklin and 
other important points. At the battle of Cross 
Keys he was assigned to the right of the line, 

and the rebels, in heavy force, attempted to 
flank his position, but the attempt was prompt- 
ly repulsed. From that time until the second 
battle of Bull Run the General was actively 
engaged in all the fatiguing marches along the 
Rappahannock. Gen. Pope abandoned this 
point, and on August 22, 1862, Gen. Schenck's 
division was ordered toward Bull Run. In the 
two days' fight that ensued his division took an 
active part. His orders were given with great 
promptness and judgment, and he himself was 
active in seeing them executed. Gen. Polk's 
report mentioned his conduct in highly com- 
mendatory terms. On the second day of the 
battle he was severely wounded, and was car- 
ried from the field and conveyed to Washing- 
ton. Shortly afterward he received his ap- 
pointment as major-general of volunteers, and 
accompanying it a letter from Secretary Stan- 
ton, in which he stated that no official act of 
his was ' ' ever performed with more pleasure 
than the forwarding of the inclosed appoint- 
ment." For some time Gen. Schenck's wound 
was critical, and he recovered very slowly, 
with his right arm permanently injured. His 
service in the field closed with the second bat- 
tle of Bull Run. Over six months elapsed 
before Gen. Schenck was again fit for duty. 
In the meantime his great reputation and ex- 
perience in civil affairs had suggested him as 
the fit commander for the troublesome Middle 
department, and accordingly he was, on De- 
cember 11, 1862, assigned to that command, 
Eighth army corps, with headquarters at Bal- 
timore, where he assumed command on the 
22nd of the month. His administration of the 
Middle department was what might have been 
expected from one of his known executive 
ability and firmness. He was warmly praised 
by the president and the war department, and 
had the unqualified endorsement of all Union 
men within the Middle department for his 
course while in Maryland and Delaware. 



On December 5, 1863, Gen. Schenck re- 
signed his commission to take his seat in con- 
gress, to which he had been elected from the 
third congressional district of Ohio. He was 
appointed chairman of the committee on. mili- 
tary affairs, a position of much responsibility, 
involving continuous and exhaustive labors. 
A history of his course in the thirty-eighth and 
thirty-ninth congress would be a complete his- 
tory of the military legislation of the country 
through the most eventful years of the war and 
after its close. Upon the organization of the 
fortieth congress Gen. Schenck was appointed 
chairman of the house committee on ways and 
means, thus becoming the leader of the house, 
which position he held until near the close of 
the forty-first congress. His services during 
that period were of great benefit to the coun- 
try. From 1 87 1 to 1876 Gen. Schenck ably 
represented the United States as minister to 
the Court of St. James, by appointment from 
President Grant, previous to which appoint- 
ment he had served as a member of the high 
joint commission for the settlement of questions 
then in dispute between the United States and 
Great Britain. On his return he located in 
Washington, D. C. , and resumed the practice 
of law. Subsequently the department of state 
placed in his hands the codification of interna- 
tional laws, upon which task he was employed 
for several years. 

Gen. Schenck's death occurred in Wash- 
ington City in March, 1890, and his remains 
were brought to Dayton for interment. 

'y-rf ENDERSON ELLIOTT, jurist, was 
[^\ born in Perquimans county, N. C, 
I , r August 17, 1827, son of Jesse and 
Rachel (Jordan) Elliott. His ances- 
tors on both sides were Irish, his grandparents 
being Quakers. His first American ancestor, 
Col. William Elliott, emigrated from Ireland 

toward the close of the seventeenth century. 
Young Elliott came in 1830 with his parents to 
Ohio, where the family engaged in farming. 
The father died in 1839, and at sixteen the 
son T who had early shown some taste for me-' 
chanics, apprenticed himself to learn the cabi- 
net trade. He relinquished this at the end of 
six months, and after some two years devoted 
to mechanical employments, all his spare time 
being meanwhile given to reading and study, 
he entered upon active preparations for teach- 
ing. His opportunities for even a common- 
school education were limited, hence he 
worked by day and studied by night, until 
he was able to pass an examination qualifying 
him to teach in the county schools. After 
some years of alternately teaching and attend- 
ing school, he in 1845 entered Farmers' col- 
lege, near Cincinnati, Ohio, where he had the 
benefit of the instruction of the foremost edu- 
cators of that day, such as President Freeman 
G. Cary, the venerable R. H. Bishop, D. D., 
Dr. John Scott and others. At the close of 
his collegiate career Mr. Elliott resumed teach- 
ing, and at the same time commenced the 
study of the law with Gen. Felix Marsh, of 
Eaton. He was admitted to the bar by the 
supreme court of Ohio in 1851, his examina- 
tion having been made by Hon. William Den- 
nison, afterward Ohio's war governor. In all 
his efforts in school and in the study of the 
law Mr. Elliott had no assistance from others, 
but made his own way, paying his entire ex- 
penses by teaching. He opened an office in 
Germantown, Ohio, in the spring of 1852, but 
business not proving so profitable as he had 
hoped, he in 1855 removed to the city of Day- 
ton. Here, with the exception of three years 
spent in editorial work, he continued the prac- 
tice of his profession, until elevated to the 
common pleas bench in 187 1. In this position 
he served continuously for twenty-five years, 
in which time he performed an immsnse 



amount of judicial labor. He presided in 
every class of cases in the nisi prius courts, 
criminal and civil, equitable and legal. His 
predilection was always toward the equity side 
of the court, and notwithstanding that he sat 
in about 800 felony trials, and in many hun- 
dreds of civil jury trials, Judge Elliott is best 
known for his trial of equity, corporation and 
ecclesiastical cases. He gave especial atten- 
tion to railroad law, while his experience in 
the trial of church disputes and contests was 
considerable. Of these thousands of cases, 
adjudged by him in the ccurt of common 
pleas, his decisions in less than half a dozen 
civil cases, and in but one criminal case, were 
reversed by the supreme court, and in the lat- 
ter case the law was so clearly with Judge 
Elliott that the legislature ultimately amended 
the statute to correspond with his views of the 
criminal law. In a recent work, entitled "The 
History of Dayton," the author of the depart- 
ment allotted to the "Bench and Bar, " the 
Hon. Geo. W. Houk, himself an accomplished 
lawyer, makes this highly complimentary state- 
ment: "No judge ever so long discharged 
judicial functions in Montgomery county since 
its organization as Judge Elliott. The judicial 
qualities of mind, possessing a strong sense of 
natural justice, and well learned in the ele- 
mentary principles of the law, have been de- 
veloped by long experience and conscientious 
devotion to duty into rare excellence." In 
politics Judge Elliott was always a democrat, 
although during his service on the bench he 
was not actively identified with party politics. 
Judge Elliott always took a deep interest in 
educational matters, serving with much ability 
on the board of education of Dayton for the 
period of six years. In religion he was both 
by education and by inclination a Methodist, 
which church bestowed upon him its highest 
honors. He was a member of every electoral 
conference of his jurisdiction after the intro- 

duction of lay-representation, and also served 
as a member of the general conference of the 
church. In 1844, at the request of the bish- 
ops, he attended the centennial of Methodism, 
at Baltimore, as the representative of the laity 
of the Cincinnati conference. Judge Elliott 
was especially prominent in the organization 
of the State Bar association. Upon the death 
of the lamented Gen. Durbin Ward, he suc- 
ceeded that eminent lawyer as chairman of the 
committee of this association on judicial ad- 
ministration and legal reform, in which posi- 
tion, as elsewhere, he did much toward ad- 
vancing law reform in Ohio. In this capacity, 
too, he wrote and submitted to the State Bar 
association, in 1885, an elaborate report in 
favor of codification, which report was en- 
dorsed by the association. He had much to 
do with preparing the bill for the organization 
of the new circuit court. At the meeting of 
the State Bar association, held at Put-in-Bay, 
July, 1S90, Judge Elliott was elected, by a 
unanimous vote, president for the ensuing year. 
In May, 1888, he attended a convention called 
at the national capital for the purpose of or- 
ganizing a national bar association, in which 
body he was likewise active. In 1850 Judge 
Elliott was married to Rebecca, daughter of 
John and Rebecca Snavely. Of the five chil- 
dren born to them but two daughters are now 

Judge Elliott died June 25, 1896, having 
continued for months, even under the burden 
and distress of failing health and increasing 
feebleness of body, to give conscientious and 
laborious attention to the duties of his office. 
After a quarter century of faithful and devoted 
service, in which he had won the love and re- 
spect of the bar and of the community, he 
passed away full of years and of honor. His 
fine record as a jurist, his pure personal char- 
acter, his never-failing sympathy for the 
younger members of the bar, his certain in- 



terest in every movement for the public weal, 
the goodness and usefulness of his life, these 
will long remain fresh in the memory of the 
people to whom Henderson Elliott gave the 
fullness of his intellectual strength and of his 
moral nature. 

<y^\ OBERT W. STEELE, deceased, was 
I /<^ one of the foremost citizens of Day- 
P ton, Ohio, and did much toward the 
advancement of the literary, educa- 
tional and social interests of the city. He was 
a native of Dayton, born on July 3, 1819, and 
was a son of James Steele, who came to Day- 
ton from Kentucky in 1805. 

James Steele was a native of Rockingham 
county, Va., born October 28, 1778. He was 
of Scotch-Irish ancestry, his family having emi- 
grated from the north of Ireland to Virginia in 
1737. Robert Steele, father of James, re- 
moved from Virginia to Kentucky in 1788, 
settling in Fayette county. In 18 12 James 
Steele married Miss Phebe Pierce, a sister to 
Joseph Pierce, with whom he was engaged in 
merchandizing in Dayton for many years. 
Isaac Pierce, father of Mrs. Steele, was a 
member of the Ohio company, and came to 
Marietta, Ohio, from Rhode Island in 1788, 
with the first colony that settled in this state. 
During the war of 18 12 a company of soldiers 
was led by James Steele to the relief of the 
people in the vicinity of Piqua, who were sup- 
posed to be in danger from the Indians assem- 
bled in council n«ar that place. With a por- 
tion of this company, Capt. Steele was retained 
in the service by order of Gen. Harrison, and 
was sent to St. Mary's, where a block house 
was erected and commanded by Capt. Steele 
for several weeks. 

In 1824 Capt. Steele was a presidential 
elector, and cast his vote for Henry Clay. He 
served as associate judge for Montgomery 

county for fourteen years, and as state senator 
for four years. He was one of the original 
stockholders of the Woodland Cemetery asso- 
ciation. In 1 S 1 5 he was a director in the 
Dayton bank, and in 1822 was elected presi- 
dent of that institution, a position he held the 
remainder of his life. He died August 22, 
1 841. 

Robert W. Steele was prepared for college 
in the old Dayton academy, and entered Miami 
university in 1836. In 1857 he was appointed 
a trustee of Miami university, a position he 
held for nine years. After leaving college, Mr. 
Steele read law in Dayton, but on account of 
delicate health was advised by his physician 
against a continuance of those studies. Upon 
the organization of the public schools of Day- 
ton, under the first charter of the city, Mr. 
Steele was appointed a member of the board 
of education, and served as such for a period 
of thirty years, during twelve of which he was 
president of the board. In 1847 he was one 
of the founders of the Dayton Library asso- 
ciation, and was for many years a director and 
president of the same. In i860, when the 
Library association was united with the public 
library, he was appointed, by the board of ed- 
ucation, chairman of the library committee, 
and served in that capacity until 1873. In 
1876 Mr. Steele was appointed a member of 
the board of city examiners for the public 
schools, and in 1888 a member of the library 
board, then made an independent body. In 
1866 he was appointed by Gov. Cox a member 
the state board of charities, and served for five 
years. In 1844 Mr. Steele was one of the in- 
corporators of Cooper Female seminary, and 
served as a member of the board of trustees as 
long as the institution existed. He was secre- 
tary of Woodland Cemetery association from 
1853 to 1858, being elected president of the 
association in the latter year and continuing as 
such until his death. He was one of the ear- 



liest members of the Montgomery county Ag- 
ricultural association, and an active member 
of the several horticultural societies which 
were established in the county, and was elected 
a member of the state board of agriculture. 
In 1853 he had charge of the first state fair 
held in Dayton. He was active in promoting 
the interests of early railroads entering Day- 
ton, and was especially active and patriotic 
during the Civil war. 

Mr. Steele served as a member of the mili- 
tary committee of Montgomery county, was a 
member of the sanitary committee, and chair- 
man of the citizens' committee to assist in 
raising the Ninety-third regiment of Ohio vol- 
unteers. He aided in the organization of the 
Young Men's Christian association, and was its 
first president. He served six years as trustee 
of the Children's home, beginning with its 
establishment in 1867. He was a member of 
the Presbyterian church from 1841, and an 
elder in the Third Presbyterian church from 
1854 until his death, which occurred Septem- 
ber 24, 1 89 1. He left a widow, and four 
daughters and two sons, as follows: Mary D. , 
who died February 25, 1S97; Sarah S., Agnes 
C, Charlotte, William and Egbert. 

I tary of the Young Men's Christian 
/^^J association of Dayton, Ohio, was 
born near Edinburg, Scotland, in 
May, 1850, and at the age of three years was 
brought to America by his parents, who set- 
tled in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Until 
twelve years of age, young Sinclair attended 
the public schools of the city of Hamilton, and 
then relinquished his studies in order to devote 
his time and attention to the support of the 
family, who needed his assistance. In Sep- 
tember, 1870, he united with the Presbyterian 
church, and in 1871 became general secretary 

of the Young Men's Christian association of 
Hamilton; in August, 1874, he accepted the 
position of general secretary of the Young 
Men's Christian association of Dayton, which 
position he has acceptably filled up to the pres- 
ent time. 

It is worthy of note that when Mr. Sinclair 
assumed the duties of his present office the 
association consisted of 300 members only, 
possessed no property, and was burdened with a 
debt of $1,800. It now has a membership of 
over 1,800, has property valued at $82,000, 
and is free of debt or other incumbrance; and 
it is largely through the efforts of Mr. Sinclair 
that this prosperous state of affairs has been 
reached. He is foremost in promoting the 
best interests of the young men of the city, 
and the powerful influence for good now wield- 
ed by the association is largely due to his wis- 
dom, strong judgment and broad conception 
of the possible usefulness of the organization. 

I /"^ CLEVE. — Among the original settlers 
JK^J of Dayton, were Benjamin and Will- 
iam Van Cleve, who, with their moth- 
er, Mrs. Catherine Thompson, her husband, 
Samuel Thompson, and their two daughters, 
Sarah and Martha, left Cincinnati in March, 
1796, for Dayton. All the family save Will- 
iam made the trip by water, he coming by land 
with other settlers, in order to drive the fam- 
ily cow. The pirogue containing the family 
landed at the head of St. Clair street (now 
Van Cleve Park) on Friday, April 1, 1796. 
Mrs. Thompson was the first to step ashore, 
and she was the first white woman to set foot 
on Dayton soil. Samuel Thompson, second 
husband of Mrs. Van Cleve, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, who removed to Cincinnati soon 
after its settlement, and there married the 
widow of John Van Cleve. ■ Mr. Thompson 

Bj Permission Copyright, 1MI5; W. J. Shuey. 



was drowned in Mad river in 1 8 1 7. His widow 
died in Dayton, August 6, 1837. 

Benjamin and William Van Cleve were 
born in Monmouth county, N. J., the former 
in 1773 and the latter in 1777, and were the 
sons of John and Catherine (Benham) Van 
Cleve. The father served with the New Jer- 
sey militia during nearly the whole of the Revo- 
lution. In 1785 he emigrated from New Jer- 
sey to Pennsylvania, where he lived on a farm 
near Washington until 1789, when he removed 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, making the journey down 
the river in a boat. He was killed by the In- 
dians in Cincinnati June 1, 1790. After the 
death of his father, Benjamin Van Cleve, then 
seventeen years of age, tried as best he could 
to take the place of the head of the family. 
Much of the time from 1791 until 1794 he was 
employed in the quartermaster's department, 
at Washington. He branded and herded gov- 
ernment horses and cattle, brought up boat 
loads of salt and provisions from Kentucky, 
accompanied brigades of loaded pack horses to 
the headquarters of St. Clair's army in the In- 
dian country; carried orders, kept accounts, 
acted as hostler for his uncle and himself, 
often walking many miles over icy roads or 
through snow, slush and mud, earning his 
wages of fifteen dollars per month by hard, 
rough work. He was present at St. Clair's 
defeat. In making the retreat with the army 
to Cincinnati he lost his clothing and his horse. 
In the spring of 1792, he was sent off from 
Cincinnati at midnight, at a moment's notice, 
by the quartermaster-general to carry dis- 
patches to the war department at Philadelphia. 
In the spring of 1794, he went with Hugh 
Wilson, commissary, William Gahagan, and 
others, down the Ohio to Fort Massac, in 
charge of two contractors' boats, loaded with 
provisions and accompanied by a detachment 
of troops. In the fall of 1795 he accompanied 
Capt. Dunlap's party to make the survey for 

the Dayton settlement. When not surveying 
he wrote in the recorder's office. In the fall 
of 1796 (the year of the settlement of Dayton) 
he went with Israel Ludlow and Gen. William 
C. Schenck to survey the United States mili- 
tary lands between the Scioto and Muskingum 
rivers. From this time on he farmed in sum- 
mer, and in winter he also studied surveying, 
or assisted the clerk of the Ohio legislature, or 
made out the list of taxable persons and their 
property. On August 28, 1800, he married 
Mary Whitten, daughter of John and Phebe 
Whitten, who lived in Wayne township. In 
the winter of 1 799-1 800 he taught the first 
school opened in Dayton. From the organi- 
zation of Montgomery county, in 1803, until 
his death, in 1821, he was clerk of the court. 
He was the first postmaster of Dayton, serving 
from 1804 until 1821. In 1805 he was one of 
the incorporators of the Dayton library. In 
1809 he was appointed by the legislature a 
member of the first board of trustees of Miami 
university. He was also an active member of 
the First Presbyterian church. 

William Van Cleve, brother of Benjamin, 
was twice married, and by his first wife, Effie 
Westfall, had several children. At the first 
call for troops, in 18 12, he raised a company 
of riflemen in Dayton and went to the front with 
the company, as captain, in June of that year. 
From the close of the war until his death, in 
1828, he kept a tavern at the junction of War- 
ren and Jefferson streets in Dayton. 

1 •£! 
J was one of the ablest jurists of Ohio, 
(• 1 and one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of the Dayton bar. He was born 
in Chatham, Columbia county, N. Y. , Sep- 
tember 9, 181 5, a son of Daniel and Magda- 
lena (Simmonds) Haynes, the former a native 
of Hampden county, Mass., and the latter of 



New York. The former was a physician of 
more than ordinary skill and note in his com- 

Judge Haynes was graduated from Union 
college, Schenectady, N. Y., in 1835. Soon 
afterward he came to Ohio, locating in Day- 
ton. The first year in Dayton he spent as 
teacher of the Dayton academy, after which 
he began the study of law, and was admitted 
to practice in 1839. In 1840 he began prac- 
tice in partnership with the late Henry Stod- 
dard. In 1843 he was elected prosecuting 
attorney for Montgomery county, and was re- 
elected in 1845. In 1844 he was elected to 
the Ohio legislature. In 1856 the superior 
court of Montgomery county was created, and 
Judge Haynes was elected judge of the same, 
was re-elected to that bench in i860 and again 
in 1865, and resigned in 1870, after having 
held the position for fourteen years. Upon 
retiring from the bench Judge Haynes associ- 
ated himself in the law practice with Hon. 
Clement L. Yallandigham, which partnership 
was terminated by the death of Mr. Yal- 
landigham in 187 1. In 1875 Judge Haynes 
was again elected to the bench of the supe- 
rior court and served another full term, retir- 
ing in 1 88 1. His death occurred in 1895. 
Judge Haynes was at one time a director 
in the Dayton & Western Railroad com- 
pany, and was also, for a time, president 
of the Dayton bank, the leading banking house 
of its day in Dayton. He was also president 
of the Dayton Insurance company. On June 
13,1 848, Judge Haynes was married to Emily, 
daughter of Gen. Sampson Mason, of Spring- 
field, Ohio. Her death occurred September 
2, 1848. 

This outline of the professional and judicial 
career of Daniel A. Haynes gives no hint of 
his great ability as a lawyer or of his excep- 
tional equipment as a judge. His knowledge of 
legal principles seemed almost intuitive; his 

mind had a broad grasp and a keen power of 
analysis; his memory was both retentive and 
accurate, enabling him to carry without confu- 
sion the questions of law and of fact involved 
in a score of cases reserved for his decision at 
the same time. No judge in the history of 
Ohio has ever surpassed Judge Haynes in the 
clearness, sound reasoning and inherent justice 
of his decisions. 

WOHN H. PATTERSON, a prominent 
■ manufacturer of Dayton, Ohio, is the 
(% 1 son of Jefferson and Julia (Johnston) 
Patterson, and a grandson of Col. Rob- 
ert Patterson, a pioneer in the settlement of 
Kentucky, and, later, one of the three original 
proprietors of Cincinnati. 

Mr. Patterson was born on his father's 
farm, the original homestead, which lay south 
of Dayton, and early in life developed the hab- 
its of industry and perseverance which have 
enabled him to carry great enterprises to a 
successful termination. In his early years he 
spent his leisure hours in assisting in his fa- 
ther's sawmill and gristmill, and in the general 
work of the farm, until he was eighteen years 
of age. The next three years were spent at 
Miami college, Oxford, Ohio, where he pur- 
sued a classical course of study. His senior 
year was passed at Dartmouth college. After 
he was graduated, he returned to his native 
place, where he secured a position as collector 
of tolls on the Miami canal. Three years later 
he gave up this position and engaged in the 
retail coal business in Dayton. He then be- 
came interested in coal mining at Coalton, in 
Jackson county, Ohio, and assisted, in com- 
pany with John H. Winters, George Harsh- 
man and others, in pushing to completion the 
D. & S. E. railroad, which was built for the 
purpose of introducing Jackson coal into south- 
ern Ohio. He continued in the mining busi- 



ness for several years, after which he accepted 
the position of manager for the Southern Ohio 
Coal & Iron company, with offices located 
at Dayton. 

Mr. Patterson's real life work has been the 
perfection and introduction of cash registers. 
He became interested in this great industry in 
1882, and from that time he has been inti- 
mately connected with its development. The 
National Manufacturing company was organ- 
ized in 1882 for the manufacture of these 
machines, with a capital stock of $10,000, 
held by Dayton citizens. In 18S3 Mr. Patter- 
son became a director in the company, and the 
capital stock was increased to $15,000, the 
added shares being taken by Mr. Patterson 
and his brother. Little progress was made 
until 1 88 5, when the company was reorgan- 
ized. Mr. Patterson then gave up all connec- 
tion with the coal business, and, with his 
brother, Frank J. Patterson, devoted his en- 
tire attention to the cash register industry, 
becoming the president and manager of the 
company. In 1886 the capital stock of the 
National Cash Register company, as it is now 
called, was increased to $100,000, and in 1891 
was again increased to $500,000. The factory 
covers five and three-fourths acres of ground; 
it turns out a cash register every fifteen min- 
utes, and the number of machines in use has 
long since passed the one hundred thousand 

Mr. Patterson is the captain of an indus- 
trial army of 1000 men and 200 women in the 
factory at Dayton, and 300 agents scattered 
over nearly all the world. The factory is gov- 
erned, not by a superintendent, but by a com- 
mittee of five expert mechanics of the broadest 
experience in the manufacture of cash regis- 
ters. Under this committee are a number of 
sub-committees, which absorb a vast amount 
of detail work, making the running of the plant 
almost automatic, so far as the necessity for 

the personal attention of its officers is con- 
cerned. A new building, 350 feet long and 
four stories high, has recently been erected, 
making the plant one of the finest factories in 
the world. 

The company's policy is to promote from 
the ranks and reward merit wherever found. 
Mr. Patterson's plan creates enthusiasm in his 
little army; this is his chief aim, for he finds 
that enthusiasm is as neccessary to success in 
business as in battles. The people employed 
form a particularly intelligent and industrious 
community, embracing, with their families, 
thousands of Dayton's most hardworking and 
prosperous citizens. A number of those in the 
employ of the company are college graduates 
and professional people, and the standard of 
education among the rank and file is con- 
stantly being raised. 

Mr. Patterson is known, not only in his 
own state, but in the east also, as a persistent 
advocate of co-operation between employer 
and employe, and the establishment of the 
"new factory system," of which his own 
factory is the embodiment. He has spoken 
and written forcibly upon labor questions, and 
also upon questions of municipal and legislative 
reform, and is universally recognized for his 
public spirit. Out of a ripe business experi- 
ence, he has learned the secret of sharing 
prosperity with those who work for him, while 
steadily and materially building up a great 

^y^VEWITT C. SPINNING, now living 
I in retirement at No. 401 West First 
/^^_^ street, Dayton, Ohio, is a native of 
this city, and was born May 14, 1821. 
His parents were Benjamin R. and Maria 
(Simpson) Spinning, the former of whom was 
a native of New Jersey, was a contractor and 
builder by occupation, settled in Dayton in 



1 8 14, and here died at the early age of thirty 
years, in 1823, his wife following him to the 
grave one year later. Of the four children 
born to these parents DeWitt C. was the 
youngest and is the only survivor. The eldest, 
Charity Ann, was married to Caleb Birchell, 
and died at about sixty years of age, in Spring- 
field, 111.; Eliza Jane became the wife of Na- 
than Allen, and died in Dayton, Ohio; and 
Alexander, a cabinetmaker, died in Braid- 
wood, 111., when about seventy-four years old. 
DeWitt C. Spinning has no recollection of 
his parents, but remembers that, after their 
death, he lived for a short time with his mater- 
nal grandparents, and then with strangers, 
working on a farm from the age of twelve until 
sixteen, and that, although he did a man's 
work, his compensation was very meager. At 
the age of sixteen he began an apprenticeship 
at the carpenter's trade in Dayton, and fol- 
lowed that calling for about fifteen years, and 
then embarked in the lumber trade in partner- 
ship with Daniel Beckel, now deceased. After 
a period of five years spent in this connection, 
Mr. Spinning bought out the interest of Mr. 
Beckel, continued the business alone for fifteen 
years, and thus laid the foundation of his later 
success. Disposing of his lumber interests, 
Mr. Spinning and two associates purchased 
the gas works at Urbana — his partners being 
Joseph Light and Charles Kiefer. Later Mr. 
Light and DeWitt C. Spinning purchased the 
Piqua, Ohio, gas plant, Mr. Spinning being 
president of both companies for about eighteen 
years. These two companies realized consid- 
erable profit, and although the Piqua plant has 
been disposed of, Mr. Spinning is still the pres- 
ident of the Urbana company, which is carried 
on under the style of the Urbana Gas Light & 
Coke company. Beside attending to the duties 
pertaining to his present position, Mr. Spin- 
ning has spent much of his time, in recent 
years, in managing his real estate in Dayton, 

comprising numerous residences and out-lot 
property, all of which represent the result of 
his foresight and prudence, as he began his 
business life with no capital excepting a strong 
physical constitution and indomitable energy. 

Mr. Spinning has been twice married. His 
first wife, whom he married in 1846, bore the 
maiden name of Hannah Eliza Wright, and 
with her he lived thirty-six years, her death 
occurring in 1 882. Of the two children born to 
this union, Edgar died in infancy, and Frank, 
a young man of great promise — an architect 
and draftsman, of Chicago, 111. — died of con- 
gestion of the brain. The second marriage of 
Mr. Spinning was solemnized March 20, 1883, 
with Miss Annie Corson, a native of Wapello, 
Louisa county, Iowa, but most of whose child- 
hood and early womanhood was passed in 
Washington, D. C, where she was residing 
with her parents at the time of her marriage. 
Her father and mother, John and Clara (Lan- 
ston) Corson, are now residents of Dayton, 
although they were for many years residents of 
the national capital, where the father held va- 
rious positions under the United States govern- 

Mr. Spinning was made a Mason in Dayton 
in May, 1842, and two years later became an 
Odd Fellow, and still retains his membership 
in both orders. In Masonry he is a member 
of St. John's lodge, No. 13, in which he has 
held all the official positions, as well as in the 
chapter; the consistory degrees were conferred 
upon him in Cincinnati in 1867, he having now 
attained the thirty-second degree in this grand 
fraternity. In politics he was a whig until 
the organization of the republican party, 
since when his adherence to the latter has 
been unswerving. 

The Spinning family is of Scotch origin, 
and the Simpson family of German extraction, 
and both the grandfathers of Mr. Spinning 
were patriots of the Revolutionary war. The 



Corson family is also of Scotch descent. John 
Corson, the grandfather of Mrs. Spinning, 
was born in Dumfries, Scotland, emigrated to 
this country in 1807, and was married to a 
daughter of Selah Benton, who was a captain 
in the Revolutionary war. Mr. Corson died 
in New York city in 181 2. 

eLIAM E. BARNEY, deceased, promi- 
nent educator and manufacturer of 
Dayton, Ohio, was a native of Adams, 
Jefferson county, N.. Y., and was 
born on October 14, 1807. He was the son 
of Benjamin and Nancy (Potter) Barney, the 
former a native of Guilford, Vt. , and the lat- 
ter of Connecticut. Benjamin Barney was a 
strong advocate of education, and was one of 
the founders of Union academy at Belleville, 
Jefferson county, N. Y. For more than fifty 
years this academy has been a successful insti- 
tution of learning, and has reflected much 
credit upon its founders. Eliam E. Barney 
acquired his elementary education in the com- 
mon schools, following which he taught school 
during one or two winters. He was prepared 
for college at Lowville academy, New York, 
and at Union academy at Belleville, that state, 
and entered the sophomore class at Union 
college, Schenectady, from which institution 
he was graduated in 1831. After teaching for 
a brief period in a family boarding-school at 
Sand Lake, N. Y. , Mr. Barney became princi- 
pal of the Lowville academy, where he re- 
mained two years. In the year 1833 he came 
to Ohio and taught for six months in Granville 
college (now Dennison university), filling the 
place of one of the professors who had been 
elected but had not yet arrived. In the spring 
of 1834 he came to Dayton and was principal 
of the Dayton academy from 1834 to 1838. 
During the following two years he taught a 
private school for both sexes, when, on 

account of poor health, he relinquished teach- 
ing and for four years was engaged in the 
lumber business. In the meantime the Cooper 
Female academy had been established, and 
Mr. Barney was called to the charge of it as 
principal in 1845, an< ^ so continued until 1851. 
This closed his career as a teacher. His teach- 
ing from first to last was attended with great 
success, and he attained a high reputation as 
an educator. His education and the range of 
his information were ample, and he possessed 
a rare faculty of communicating knowledge to 
his pupils. He seemed without difficulty to 
reach the understanding and to compel a ready 
apprehension of all he sought to teach. His 
discipline was strict, but his kindness at the 
same time was so manifest that he secured 
alike the pupils' respect, affection and obe- 

In the summer of 1850, in company with 
E. Thresher, Mr. Barney established the Day- 
ton Car works. Their capital was limited, 
and the business was carried on upon a small 
scale, and prudently, but successfully. In 
1854 Caleb Parker succeeded Mr. Thresher 
in the firm, and from that time on until 1854 
the business, which had greatly increased, was 
conducted under the firm name of Barney, 
Parker & Co. Mr. Parker then sold out to 
Mr. Preserved Smith, the firm becoming Bar- 
ney, Smith & Co., and was so continued until 
1867, when a joint stock company was formed 
under the name of Barney & Smith Manufac- 
turing company, of which Mr. Barney became 
the president, and so continued until his death. 
To Mr. Barney is due in a great measure the 
wonderful growth and success of the business 
of the above concern. He was a man of great 
ability, bold but prudent, clear-headed, far- 
sighted, energetic, practical and thoroughly 
familiar with business in general and in detail. 

Mr. Barney had varied and important 
business interests aside from the car works. 



He was president of the Dayton Hydraulic 
company from from its organization until his 
death, and vice-president and director of the 
Second National bank of Dayton. For twenty 
years he was a member of the board of trus- 
tees of Dennison university, to which institu- 
tion he gave liberally to endow two memorial 
professorships. He was for many years prom- 
inently connected with the First Baptist church 
of Dayton. 

On October 10, 1834, Mr. Barney was 
married to Julia, daughter of Dudley Smith, of 
Galway, Saratoga county, N. Y., and they 
became the parents of the following named 
children: Mrs. Agnes E. Piatt, Eugene J. 
Barney, Mrs. Mary L. Piatt, Albin C. Barney 
and Edward E. Barney (deceased). 

ISAAC VAN AUSDAL, representative 
citizen and merchant of Dayton, Ohio, 
is a native of the Buckeye state, having 
been born at Eaton, in Preble county, 
Ohio, February 13, 1821. He is the son of 
Cornelius and Martha (Bilba) Van Ausdal, 
both natives of Virginia. Cornelius Van Aus- 
dal was born in Berkeley county, Va., on 
October 2, 1783, and was there reared toman- 
hood. At about the time that he attained his 
majority he came west to Ohio and spent the 
winter with his brother Peter, who had shortly 
before settled in the wilderness in what is now 
Lanier township, Preble county. Being much 
pleased with the west, and finding an oppor- 
tunity, Cornelius determined to make his start 
in life in the above section. In the spring of 
1805 he returned to his home in Virginia, and 
the following spring he again turned his face 
toward Ohio, reaching what is now Preble 
county during that summer, with a wagon 
loaded with plain, substantial goods. The 
town of Eaton was then being laid out, and 
was already talked of as the prospective seat of 

the county, which must some day be erected 
from the western portion of Montgomery coun- 
ty. Our young merchant decided to open a 
store in Eaton, but before he could find a build- 
ing he had customers, selling his goods direct 
from the Canestoga wagon in which they were 
transported from the seaboard. He opened the 
first store in Eaton in a log cabin. His second 
wagon load of goods he got from Cincinnati. 
His reputation as a good business man and 
wide-awake merchant grew from the very 
first day he began business. There was very 
little money in the country at that time, and 
he received in exchange for his goods the 
various products of the country, such as furs, 
skins, beeswax, maple sugar, ginseng and pearl- 
ash. With these articles, or the money which 
they brought, he secured more goods, and as 
the settlement of the county increased, he en- 
larged his trade, and within a few years was 
considered one of the most substantial business 
men in northwestern Ohio. Mr. Van Ausdal's 
reputation won for him more than a local field 
of custom, and for many 3 T ears he carried on a 
wholesale as well as a retail business. During 
his early career he dealt largely with the In- 
dians, who dwelt in or roamed through south- 
western Ohio and that part of Indiana adjoin- 
ing. Among them was Tecumseh, the famous 
Shawnee war-chief, with whom the store- 
keeper was as intimately acquainted as with 
any white man in the county. In 18 10 Mr. 
Van Ausdal was appointed United States dep- 
uty marshal, and in that capacity took the 
first census of Preble county. In the war of 
1 8 1 2 he was a paymaster of the army, and a 
large amount of public money was disbursed 
by him. He faithfully discharged his duty, 
and upon the close of the war, when his 
accounts were examined at Washington, they 
were allowed without delay or expense. In the 
year 18 19 he was elected to the Ohio legisla- 
ture, in which body he served with entire sat- 

ax^joy QJUyiy ( 



isfaction to his constituents. Gen. William 
Henry Harrison was a colleague of Mr. Van 
Ausdal in that session of the legislature, and 
the two became intimate friends. During the 
campaign of 1840 Gen. Harrison was present 
at a political meeting held in Eaton, at which 
time he was the guest of Mr. Van Ausdal. At 
about the time Mr. Van Ausdal entered the 
legislature he became the owner of the West- 
ern Telegraph, a weekly paper published at 
Eaton, which he subsequently sold. From 
1828 until 1833 Mr. Van Ausdal was engaged 
in the wholesale dry-goods business on Main 
street in Cincinnati, the firm name being Van 
Ausdal, Hatch & Gray, and during that period 
he passed the greater part of his time in New 
York city as purchaser for his house. Be- 
tween the years 1828 and 1832 he was also a 
partner in the pork business with his brother- 
in-law, Judge Curry, in Hamilton, Ohio. In 
1846 he became interested in business with his 
son Isaac in Dayton, the firm name being C. 
Van Ausdal & Son. This continued until 
1863, when Cornelius withdrew from the firm 
and retired to private life, and his death 
occurred on August 10, 1870. Mr. Van Aus- 
dal was a broad, public-spirited man, and as 
much concerned in advancing the welfare of 
the community as in forwarding his own inter- 
ests. His reputation for honesty and fair 
dealing was unexcelled. It was this reputa- 
tion, constantly extending, which drew to him 
the enormous business from which he accumu- 
lated an independence, and which made him 
one of the first merchants in this section of 
Ohio. He was rigidly moral in all the rela- 
tions of life, and thoroughly and conscien- 
tiously religious, and he practiced his religion 
in all walks of life. 

The marriage of Mr. Van Ausdal and Mar- 
tha Bilba took place on July 24, 18 12, and 
they became the parents of the following chil- 
dren: John, born October 16, 1814, now 

deceased; Sarah, born January 17, 18 17, now 
deceased; Lucinda (Donohoe), born Septem- 
ber 3, 181 8; Isaac, born February 13, 1821;. 
Julian, born June 29, 1824, deceased; Rufus 
Leavitt, twin brother to Harvey Buell, born 
June 1, 1830, deceased; Harvey Buell, born 
June 1, 1830; Emily (Gould), born February 
17, 1835, and Sarah Ann (Nelson), born May 
29, 1840. An infant was also born that died 

Isaac Van Ausdal, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, acquired his early education in the com- 
mon schools of Eaton, afterward attending 
Miami university, at Oxford, Ohio, from which 
he graduated in 1842. In 1845 he came to 
Dayton and embarked in the dry-goods busi- 
ness, in partnership with Daniel McCleary, of 
Rossville, Ohio, that gentleman having been 
his class-mate at Oxford. This co-partnership, 
under the firm name of Van Ausdal & McCleary, 
lasted for only one year, when Mr. Van Aus- 
dal purchased this partner's interest. During 
the same year, however, his father, Cornelius 
Van Ausdal, became a partner in the business, 
the firm becoming C. Van Ausdal & Son, and 
continuing so until the withdrawal of the senior 
member in 1863. Up to 1886 several changes 
were made in the firm, but in the year last 
named, the style of the firm was changed to 
that of the present time, I. & C. Van Ausdal, 
Charles Van Ausdal, son of Isaac, becoming 
a member. When the house was first estab- 
lished only dry goods was dealt in. Later it 
was merged into the carpet trade, being the 
first to engage in that specialty in Dayton, and 
to this was added from time to time almost 
every article needed for fitting up a household. 
As far back as 1859 the dry-goods department 
was entirely abandoned. In its line, this is 
the leading house in Dayton, and enjoys a 
trade of large and increasing proportions. Its 
reputation for sound business principles is well 
known throughout all this section of the state,. 



and draws its trade, not only Irom Dayton and 
Montgomery county but from the adjoining 
counties and territory. Aside from the above 
interests Mr. Van Ausdal is connected in a busi- 
ness way, as a stockholder and director, with 
several of the large and important corporations 
of the city. He is a stockholder in the Third 
National, Fourth National, and Teutonia Na- 
tional banks, three of the leading banking cor- 
porations of Dayton, and is a stockholder in 
the Firemans, the Ohio, and the Columbia 
Insurance companies, also of Dayton. He has 
other financial interests, whose general nature 
is indicated by those cited. 

Mr. Van Ausdal was married in June, 1855, 
to Mary C, the daughter of Orlistus Roberts, 
of Preble county, Ohio, and to this union seven 
children have been born, as follows: Robert, 
who died at the age of seventeen years; Cor- 
nelius, who died at the age of seven years; 
Mary, a graduate of Smith college, Mass., and 
now living at home with her parents; Charles, 
who graduated from Princeton university, and 
is now a member of the firm of I. & C. Van 
Ausdal; Laura, a graduate from Bradford's 
seminary, Mass., and who is now Mrs. Charles 
G. Stoddard, of Dayton; Thomas E. , who was 
also a collegian and was for a long time a busi- 
ness associate with his father, but whose death 
occurred in 1895, he leaving a widow (Margaret, 
the daughter of George L. Phillips, of Dayton) ; 
Catherine C, who is a graduate of the Corn- 
stock school, of New York city, and is now at 
home with her parents. 

For over fifty years Isaac Van Ausdal has 
been a citizen and business man of Dayton, and 
during all that time his success has been uni- 
form. His mercantile career has been not 
only a successful, but an honest one. While 
he has confined himself closely to business, yet 
he has not neglected the duties incumbent 
upon all good citizens. He has always been 
found on the right side of public questions and 

movements looking towards the betterment 
and building up of Dayton, and he has ever 
been ready to lend his aid and influence to help 
along such movements. As a business man 
and financier he is regarded as one of the most 
able in the city. Shrewd, sound and conserv- 
ative, he has made but few mistakes in a long 
and active career. As a man he is possessed of 
sterling traits and characteristics which have 
won for him a large circle of warm friends who 
stand ready to testify to his worth and excel- 

aHARLES VAN AUSDAL, merchant, 
and member of the firm of I. & C. Van 
Ausdal, of Dayton, was born in Day- 
ton, Ohio, on July 26, 1863, and is 
the son of Isaac and Mary C. (Roberts) Van 
Ausdal. He was educated in the Dayton pub- 
lic schools and at Princeton university, gradu- 
ating from the latter place in 1885. In 1886 
he became associated with his father in busi- 
ness in Dayton, becoming the junior member 
of the firm of I. & C. Van Ausdal. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity. 

He was married on January 31, 1888, to 
Susie, the daughter of H. H. Weakley, pro- 
prietor of the Dayton Daily Herald. Mr. and 
Mrs. Van Ausdal have three children: Char- 
lotte, Herbert Weakley and Catherine. 


I ^T financial agent of the United Brethren 
P Publishing House, and a representa- 
tive citizen of Dayton, Ohio, was born 
at Miamisburg, Montgomery county, Ohio, 
February 9, 1827, and is the son of Adam and 
Hannah (Aley) Shuey. The father was born 
in Pennsylvania and in 1S05, when six years 
of age, came with his father, Martin Shuey, to 



Montgomery county. His death occurred in 
Dayton in 1881. The mother was born in 
Maryland, and in 1805, at the age of six years, 
came to Montgomery county with her father, 
Isaac Aley, who settled near Dayton. 

Rev. William J. Shuey was educated in the 
common schools, and at an academy in Spring- 
field, Ohio, near which city he subsequently 
taught school for a time. He was converted, 
and became a member of the United Brethren 
church in 1843, received license to preach from 
the Miami conference in 1848, and was or- 
dained in 1 85 1 by Bishop Erb. He was pas- 
tor at Lewisburg, Ohio, from 1849 to 1851; at 
Cincinnati from 1851 to 1859, and at Dayton 
from i860 to 1862. From 1862 to 1864 he 
was presiding elder. In 1 8 54 he was appointed 
the first missionary of the church to Africa; and 
in 1855, in company with Rev. D. K. Flick- 
inger and Dr. D. C. Kumler, he made a voy- 
age to the "Dark Continent" for the purpose 
of selecting a site for a mission. 

In 1864 Mr. Shuey was appointed assistant 
agent of the publishing house at Dayton, Ohio, 
and in 1865 was elected senior agent, and by 
the successive resignations of two assistant 
agents, became sole agent in 1866, a position 
he has since occupied. Rev. Shuey has been 
a delegate to seven general conferences and 
the secretary of one; a member of the board 
of missions twenty-six years ; one of the 
first directors of the church erection society; 
for twelve years from its organization, the 
superintendent of the General Sabbath-School 
association, and, since 1880, has been its 
treasurer. For four years he was a mem- 
ber of the board of education; for fourteen 
years a trustee of Otterbein university; a 
member of the executive committee of Union 
Biblical seminary; a member of the church 
commission, and since 1889 one of the newly 
incorporated board of trustees of the church. 
He has been a trustee of the First United 

Brethren church of Dayton for many years, a 
member of the Montgomery county Bible so- 
ciety and a president of the Dayton United 
Brethren Minister's association. 

In 1859 Rev. Mr. Shuey became the joint 
author, with Rev. D. K. Flickinger, of a vol- 
ume entitled "Discourses on Doctrinal and 
Practical Subjects." He has been the editor 
of the year books of the church, with the ex- 
ception of a few numbers, since their first pub- 
lication in 1867, and of the general conference 
minutes since 1865. He has contributed an 
article on the United Brethren church to 
McClintock & Strong's Cyclopedia, has issued 
a number of pamphlets, and has written con- 
stantly for the Religious Telescope. In 1880 
the title of doctor of divinity was conferred 
upon him by Hartville university, but was de- 

Rev. Mr. Shuey has served as a member of 
the Dayton board of education and on the 
board of trade for a number of years. He is 
a director of the Fourth National bank, and 
vice-president of the Union Safe Deposit & 
Trust company, of Dayton, and has occupied 
other positions of trust in the city. In 1 848 Mr. 
Shuey was married to Miss Sarah Berger, of 
Springfield. Those of their children who are 
still living are Edwin L., who has charge of 
the book department of the United Brethren 
Publishing company, and William A., who is 
editor of book literature of the same establish- 
ment. Mr. Shuey's prominence and usefulness 
in the community of which he is an honored 
citizen cannot be estimated from the mere re- 
cital of the official positions he has filled, either 
in the church, in business circles, or in public 
life. He is an active power for good in every 
educational and philanthropic movement in 
Dayton, and his integrity of character, his wise 
judgment, his strong common sense, inspire 
the confidence and win the sincere respect of 
good citizens of every class and creed. 



and manufacturer, of Dayton, Ohio, 


\JL>1 wa s born in county Armagh, Ire- 
land, on February 10, 1833, and is 
the son of James and Jane Callahan. The 
Callahan family came to the United States in 
1848, and settled at Shippensburg, Pa., 
where the parents resided for many years. Be- 
fore leaving Ireland, William P. Callahan had 
acquired the foundation of a common-school 
education, and to this he added by attending 
the common schools of Shippensburg. Before 
completing his schooling, however, he left 
school to serve an apprenticeship at the trade 
of cabinetmaking, which trade he mastered. 
Before attaining his majority, young Callahan 
began to dream of what he might accomplish 
in the west, and in 1853 he left his home in 
Pennsylvania, coming to Ohio, and settled in 
Dayton, then considered a western town by 
the people of the east. Here he found em- 
ployment in the furniture factory of M. Ohmer, 
where for a time he and Judge Dennis Dwyer 
worked together at the same bench. In 1854 
these two young men — Callahan and Dwyer — 
went west to Iowa, where they worked at their 
trade for about eight months, when they re- 
turned to Dayton. Mr. Callahan then entered 
the shops of Chapman & Edgar, of Day- 
ton, where he learned the trade of pattern- 
making. He left that firm in 1855 to 
accept the foremanship of the pattern shops of 
Thompson, McGregor & Co., on Third street, 
by which firm he was employed for two years. 
In 1857 he became a member of the above 
firm by the purchase of John Clary's interest 
therein. In 1862 the senior member of the 
firm died, and in 1868 Mr. Callahan bought 
out the interest of McGregor and became sole 
proprietor of the works. In 1876 Mr. Calla- 
han admitted as a partner Thomas DeArmon, 
and the firm became that of W. P. Callahan 
& Co. In 1885 William K. Callahan, son 

of W. P. Callahan, was admitted to the firm, 
the firm name remaining as above. This busi- 
ness was originally founded in 1841 on Shaw- 
nee street, between Wayne and Wyandotte 
streets, on a very small scale, and gradually 
grew into its present large proportions. In 
1856 it was removed to its present location on 
East Third street, where the company has one 
of the largest and most important manufactur- 
ing plants in Dayton or the state of Ohio. In 
February, 1865, Mr. Callahan made a second 
business venture, becoming one of a party of 
five gentlemen who established the Miami Val- 
ley Boiler & Sheet-Iron works, under the firm 
name of McGregor, Callahan & Co. A few 
years later Mr. Callahan purchased the interest 
of Mr. McGregor, but later sold his own inter- 
est and retired from the firm. 

In 1873 W. P. Lewis and Mr. Calla- 
han built what is known as the Lewis paper- 
mill, on Monument avenue, which has been a 
success, and is now owned by Mr. Callahan. 
In 1883 Mr. Callahan bought a controlling in- 
terest in the Ohio Paper company, at Miamis- 
burg, Ohio, which has been running success- 
fully ever since. He has been a stockholder 
and director of the Cooper Insurance company 
since its organization, and since the death of 
Col. D. E. Mead has been its president. He 
has also served as a director in the Dayton 
Gas Light & Coke company for twenty years. 

For many years Mr. Callahan has been 
identified with many of the leading financial 
institutions and insurance companies of Day- 
ton, either as an officer, director or stockholder. 
He was for some years a director and large 
stockholder of the Dayton National bank, 
which position he resigned a few years since, 
becoming associated with the City National 
bank, with which he had been identified since 
its organization, and on January 10, 1894, he 
became its president. For many years Mr. 
Callahan has been a holder of valuable city 





real estate, improved and unimproved. His 
first notable purchase of real estate was that 
of the Main street business and office property, 
on Main street between Second and Third 
streets. In 1890 he began the erection of 
the Callahan bank building on the corner of 
Third and Main streets, which was completed 
in 1 89 1, and is to-day one of the most con- 
spicuous business buildings in the city. In 
1859 Mr. Callahan was married to Elizabeth 
Keifer, who was born in Dayton, Ohio, in 
1834, and is the daughter of Philip Keifer. 
Her father is one of the oldest living pioneers 
of Dayton. He was born in Maryland in 1801, 
and came to Dayton at a very early date in 
the history of the city. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Callahan the following 
children have been born: Will K., Charles, 
Lillie and Cora, the latter daughter deceased. 
The business career of Mr. Callahan is one 
most worthy of record and is a marvel in its 
way. Greater fortunes have been accumu- 
lated, but few lives furnish so striking an ex- 
ample of the wise application of sound prin- 
ciples and safe conservatism as does that of 
W. P. Callahan. The story of his success is 
short and simple. It contains no exciting chap- 
ters, but in it lies one of the most valuable se- 
crets of the prosperity which it records. Be- 
ginning with no capital save brains, energy, 
integrity and rugged health, and building up 
the great business which bears his name, his 
business life is pregnant with interest to the 
public. He is truly a self-made man in the 
broadest sense of that often misapplied term. 
When he came to Dayton forty-three years ago 
he was only a young, inexperienced cabinet- 
maker, with no money and few friends. Yet 
he has in that time built up one large and suc- 
cessful manufactory, and has contributed to the 
success of a dozen other enterprises. To-day 
he is the head and controlling spirit in one of 
the leading manufacturing plants in the state, 

and president of one of the leading and most 
substantial banking houses in the city, and is 
prominently identified with other important 
concerns, all of which have been of great ben- 
efit to Dayton in a material and lasting way. 
Mr. Callahan's life has been a most active and 
busy one, but he has not permitted business to 
interfere with his duties as a citizen. He has 
always been found on the right side of public 
questions having for their aim and object the 
building up and beautifying of his adopted city. 
His views on public matters have always been 
broad and liberal, tempered with conservatism. 
While progressive, he is prudent, ambitious, 
yet cautious. As a man, Mr. Callahan pos- 
sesses characteristics which have won for him 
the friendship of the leading citizens of Dayton, 
and the admiration of all who know him. Per- 
sonally he is pleasant, agreeable and always 
approachable, fond of humor, and with a de- 
sire to make life enjoyable for himself and all 
with whom he comes in contact. Though in 
his sixty-third year, and after a life of activity 
and constant business occupation, Mr. Calla- 
han is in the enjoyment of all his physical and 
mental faculties, and is a striking example of 
the well-preserved, progressive and represent- 
ative men of Dayton. 

>-j*OHN A. McMAHON, one of the lead- 
m ing members of the Dayton bar, and 
(9 I ex-member of congress from the Third 
Ohio district, was born in Frederick 
county, Md., on February 19, 1833. His fa- 
ther, John V. L. McMahon, of Baltimore, was 
a distinguished lawyer, ranking among the lead- 
ers of the Maryland bar. John A. McMahon, 
at an early age, was sent to St. Xavier's col- 
lege, Cincinnati, where he graduated in 1849, 
after a full collegiate course. He remained at 
that institution as a teacher until June, 1850. 
In 1S52 he came to Dayton and became a law 



student in the office of the Hon. C. L. Val- 
landigham, who married the sister of his fa- 
ther. He was admitted to the bar in 1854, 
and immediately formed a partnership with Mr. 
Vallandigham. Thorough preparations and 
diligence as a student enabled him at once to 
achieve a high position at the bar, and a gen- 
eral reputation in the community that secured 
a large and important practice. He was not 
infrequently, before he was twenty-five years 
of age, opposed in the trial of causes to some 
of the most able lawyers of the state; upon 
one occasion, in the year 1859, trying an im- 
portant case at Dayton in opposition to Judge 
Thurman, then in the zenith of his reputation 
at the Ohio bar, in which Mr. McMahon was 
successful. After Mr. Vallandigham's en- 
trance into official political life, Mr. McMahon 
practiced alone for a time, and in 1861 formed 
a partnership with the late George W. Houk, 
which continued until January, 1 880. On the 
23d of January, 1861, Mr. McMahon married 
Miss Mollie R. Sprigg, of Cumberland, Md., a 
lady belonging to one of the oldest families in 
that state. 

Mr. McMahon persistently declined all po- 
litical preferment up to the year 1872, when 
he was elected a delegate at large by the 
democratic state convention of Ohio to at- 
tend the democratic national convention held 
at Baltimore in that year. He several times 
refused a nomination for congress from the 
Dayton district, but in 1874, after he had 
been nominated in spite of his declination, his 
acceptance was so strongly insisted upon that 
he consented to make the canvass. The dis- 
trict at that time was largely republican, but 
he was elected by a majority of nearly eleven 
hundred votes. In the first session of the first 
term (Forty-fourth congress) he was one of the 
managers of the Belknap impeachment pro- 
ceedings, and upon the organization of the 
management of the conduct of the trial Mr. 

McMahon was selected chairman of the sub- 
committee to try the case. During the same 
session he was appointed upon a special com- 
mittee to investigate the St. Louis whisky 
frauds. He was afterward appointed by the 
house one of the committee of fifteen to in- 
vestigate the presidential election in the state 
of Louisiana prior to the counting of the elect- 
oral vote, of which committee Mr. Morrison, 
of Illinois, was chairman. 

Mr. McMahon was renominated without 
opposition for a second term by the demo- 
cratic party, and was re-elected to the Forty- 
fifth congress. Upon the organization of the 
session Mr. McMahon was assigned to a position 
upon the judiciary committee on accounts. 
During the session he was also selected as one 
of the Potter investigation committee. During 
the congress the undetermined questions con- 
nected with a distribution of a remainder of 
the Geneva award fund, amounting to nearly 
ten millions of dollars, were referred to the 
house judiciary committee. It soon became 
apparent that there would be so wide a differ- 
ence of opinion in the committee as to neces- 
sitate two reports, one from the majority and 
one from the minority. The minority report 
was drawn and reported by Mr. McMahon, and 
was signed by Fry, of Maine; Butler, of Mas- 
sachusetts; Conger, of Michigan; and Lapham, 
of New York. It was adopted by the house, 
and the principle of this report was subse- 
quently enacted into a law. 

In 1878, though desirous of retiring from 
public life, Mr. McMahon was again unani- 
mously renominated and elected to the Forty- 
sixth congress. During his third term he was 
a member of the committee on apportionment. 
At the expiration of his last term, in 1881, he 
resumed his practice in Dayton, at which he 
has been continuously engaged ever since. 
After the election of a democratic state legisla- 
ture in 1889, Mr. McMahon was a candidate 



for the nomination, by a caucus of his party, 
for United States senator, receiving the vote 
next highest to that of Hen. Calvin S. Brice, 
who was chosen and elected. 

Mr. McMahon's political service was char- 
acterized by ability and a broad scope of use- 
fulness, reflecting credit upon himself and honor 
upon his constituents. As a lawyer his career 
has been abundantly successful. The secret of 
his prominence in the profession does not lie 
alone in his strong natural endowments, his 
breadth of mental grasp and intellectual vigor. 
It may be found in the fact that he has always 
been a close and conscientious student, not 
only of text books, but of the reported de- 
cisions of both English and American courts, 
so that he is to-day familiar, in a marked degree, 
with case-law, as well as the underlying legal 
principles. Industry, method, thoroughness, 
intense application — these are the habits which 
Mr. McMahon has brought to the practice of 
the law, and which, exerted upon the opera- 
tions of a keen and alert intellect, have placed 
him in the front ranks of the lawyers of Ohio. 

WOHN C. REEVE. M. D., one of the 
m oldest and most prominent physicians 
A 1 and surgeons of Dayton, Ohio, was 
born in England, June 5, 1826. When 
six years of age he came with his father's fam- 
ily to America, their residence being taken up 
in Cleveland, Ohio. At the age of twelve 
years young Reeve was thrown upon his own 
resources by the death of his mother, and by 
financial reverses to the family. Up to this 
time he had enjoyed good school privileges in 
the common schools of Cleveland. Following 
the death of his mother he apprenticed himself 
to become a printer, and spent several years 
in the office of the Cleveland Advertiser and 
Herald. While thus employed he fitted him- 
self for teaching school, which occupation he 

followed for a time as the means of improve- 
ment and education. He read medicine with 
Dr. John Delamater, professor of obstetrics in 
the medical department of Western Reserve 
college, Cleveland, from which institution he 
graduated. In 1849 Dr. Reeve began the 
practice of medicine in Dodge county, Wis. 
Some years later he visited Europe for the 
purpose of further study of his profession, and 
after passing the winter in London and a sum- 
mer at the university of Gottingen, Germany, 
he returned to this country, and in the fall of 
1854 located in Dayton, where he has since 
practiced. Dr. Reeve is a member of the 
Montgomery Medical society, of which he has 
several times been president. He is also a 
member of the Ohio State Medical society, the 
American Medical association and the Ameri- 
can Gynaecological society, of which he was 
one of the founders. He has made numerous 
reports of important professional cases, and 
has been a frequent contributor to the leading 
medical journals of the country. On August 
10, 1849, Dr. Reeve was married to Emma J. 
Barlow, of Cleveland, Ohio. To this union 
two sons and two daughters have been born, 
namely: Charlotte E., now the wife of Frank 
Conover. attorney, of Dayton; John C, Jr., 
practicing physician and surgeon, of Dayton; 
Mary S., now the wife of Robert E. Dexter, 
architect, of Dayton; and Sidney A., professor 
of mechanical engineering in Worcester Poly- 
technic school, Worcester, Mass. 

* w * ON. LEWIS B. GUNCKEL, prom- 

I^^V inent lawyer and ex-member of con- 

r gress, was born in Germantown, 

Montgomery county, Ohio, October 

15, 1826. His grandfather, Judge Philip 

Gunckel, and his father. Colonel Michael 

Gunckel, were among the first settlers of 

Montgomery county. Mr. Gunckel graduated 



at Farmers college in 1848, and from the Cin- 
cinnati Law school in 185 1, and in the same 
year was admitted to practice. In his early 
professional life he was associated with 
Hiram Strong, and laid the foundation of a 
practice which, through his fidelity, industry, 
and ability, has grown to be as important as 
any ever enjoyed at the Dayton bar. In 1862, 
Mr. Gunckel was elected to the Ohio state 
senate. He served there during the years of 
the war, was chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee, and during the entire period especially 
distinguished himself in furthering legislation 
favorable to the soldiers and their families. 
He introduced a bill for the establishment of 
a state soldiers' home, another for a bureau of 
military statistics, and in all that concerned 
the welfare of the soldiers in the field he was 
especially conspicuous and efficient. In 1864, 
he was a presidental elector, and canvassed 
the state for Mr. Lincoln. He was influen- 
tial in the inauguration of measures for the 
establishment of the soldiers' home in Day- 
ton, and was appointed one of its first board 
of twelve managers. He held this position for 
twelve years, during ten of which he was sec- 
retary of the board and local manager. 

In 1 87 1, Mr. Gunckel was appointed by 
President Grant special commissioner to inves- 
tigate frauds upon the Cherokee, Creek and 
Chickasaw Indians, upon which subject he 
made a valuable report, which led not only to 
the detection and punishment of the guilty 
parties, but to important reforms in the Indian 
service. In 1872 he was elected to congress, 
served on the military committee, voted to re- 
peal the salary-grab law of the preceding con- 
gress, and declined to accept the increased pay 
to which he was entitled under that law. Since 
Mr. Gunckel's retirement from congress he has 
been more especially identified with his pro- 
fession and devoted to its practice. He was 
for three successive years a delegate from the 

Ohio state bar to the National Bar association, 
and was for the same period treasurer and 
member of the executive committee of the lat- 
ter. In 1884 he was nominated by his party 
for congress, but persisted in his refusal to 
accept the nomination, thus making another 
convention and nomination necessary. 

Mr. Gunckel's public services have been 
varied and important; and those most highly 
appreciated by the community, as well as most 
satisfactory to himself, were rendered in con- 
nection with the soldiers' home. He has been 
long known as one of the leading members of 
the Dayton bar, and so recognized throughout 
the state. 

In his latter years, as he has gradually be- 
come less absorbed in the routine of profes- 
sional work, he has given much thought and 
study to the improvement of municipal con- 
ditions in Dayton, and to the moral and mate- 
rial advancement of the city. He is prominent 
in all movements looking to the public good, 
and in these activities is rounding out a most 
useful public career. 

Mr. Gunckel was married in i860 to Kate, 
daughter of Valentine Winters, a prominent 
capitalist and banker of Dayton. 


FORD, president of the Dayton 
Last works, and one of the city's 
representative manufacturers, was 
born on West Second street, Dayton, Novem- 
ber 22, 1863. His father was the late Charles 
H. Crawford, a sketch of whom appears else- 
where in this work, and his mother was Sarah 
(Thresher) Crawford, a daughter of the late 
Ebenezer Thresher, and a sister to E. M. 
Thresher, of Dayton. Mrs. Crawford's death 
occurred in 1880. She was one of Dayton's 
well-known and beloved women, and her 
death was universally regretted. 



William H. Crawford was reared in Day- 
ton, and received his preliminary education at 
the Second district school. Subsequently he 
attended the Cooper academy, and later took 
a course at the Miami commercial college. In 
1883 he began working in the last factory of 
Crawford, Coffman & Company. During the 
first four years of his service in the factory, he 
filled various positions, working in all the de- 
partments of the factory and acquiring a general 
knowledge of the business. Having become 
thoroughly familiar with all details of the work 
in the factory, young Crawford was taken into 
the office of the company as book-keeper. 
While employed in this capacity he had charge 
of the sales of the goods to a considerable ex- 
tent. Later he traveled in the interest of the 
firm. Upon the death of the father, in 1887, 
Mr. Crawford succeeded to his interests and 
took general charge of the business, which dur- 
ing the past nine years has increased some ten- 
fold, a fact which indicates clearly the posses- 
sion of fine business ability by Mr. Crawford. 

In 1886 the firm of Crawford, Coffman & 
Company sold out to the firm of Crawford, 
McGregor & Canby, which partnership con- 
tinued until April, 1896, when the company 
was incorporated under the firm name of the 
Crawford, McGregor & Canby company, con- 
sisting of W. H. Crawford, as president; John 
McGregor, vice-president and general manager, 
and W. J. Blakeney as secretary and treasurer. 
The other members are Edward Canby, W. H. 
Kemper, and O. A. Woodruff. In 1884 Mr. 
Crawford was instrumental in organizing the 
Last Makers' National association, consisting of 
thirty-seven members, and of this association 
he was the first president and was three times 
re-elected to that position. Mr. Crawford is a 
director of the Dayton Computing Scales 
company, is a director of the Dayton board 
of trade, and a director of the Homestead 
Aid association. He is a member of the 

Y. M. C. A., and of the First Baptist 
church. Mr. Crawford was married on Novem- 
ber 4, 1 886, to Mary A., daughter of D. O. 
Cunningham, a prominent glass manufacturer 
of Pittsburg, Pa., and to their union the fol- 
lowing children have been born: Marie Made- 
leine, Charles Henry, and William Harelock. 
W. H. Crawford is recognized as one of 
Dayton's most successful manufacturers and 
most useful citizens. The enterprise of which 
he is the head and guiding spirit, is one of the 
city's most important industries, as well as the 
largest plant of its kind in the United States, 
and is well known wherever the manufacture 
of shoes is carried on. Though comparatively 
a young man Mr. Crawford has demonstrated 
that he is a man of more than ordinary busi- 
ness ability, the best evidence of which is the 
uniform success that has been enjoyed by the 
Dayton Last works under his management. As 
a citizen Mr. Crawford is active, liberal minded, 
and public spirited. He is to be found always 
on the side of progress, and always ready to do 
his full snare towards the building up and de- 
velopment of the Gem City and the advance- 
ment of its welfare. 

a prominent business man of Dayton, 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Janu- 
ary 24, 1838. His father was Dr. 
William Wood, an eminent member of the 
medical profession, a writer upon professional 
and general subjects and a distinguished edu- 
cator, occupying a chair in the Cincinnati 
Medical college. Capt. Wood's mother was 
the daughter of Ephraim Morgan, a well- 
known citizen of Cincinnati, one of the origi- 
nators of the Cincinnati Gazette, and a lineal 
descendant of Capt. Miles Morgan, one of the 
founders of Springfield, Mass., in 1636, and 



a brave officer in the Indian wars, to whom 
a statue has been erected in the most promi- 
nent square of Springfield. 

Capt. Wood graduated from Yale college 
when nineteen years of age. He studied law 
with the late Justice Stanley Matthews, of the 
U. S. supreme court. Soon after his admis- 
sion to the bar, he was appointed by President 
Lincoln a captain in the Fifteenth United States 
infantry and served in the war of the Rebellion 
on the Mississippi until the breaking down of 
his health compelled his resignation from the 
army. He married Miss Victoria H. Clegg, 
of Dayton, Ohio, and after his retirement from 
the army returned to this city, with which he 
has since been prominently identified in busi- 
ness and public affairs. 

For six years Capt. Wood was president of 
the board of education, and for seven years 
occupied a similar position in the city council. 
Upon the reorganization of the municipal gov- 
ernment he accepted the office of president of 
the board of police directors. During his term 
in the board of education, in conjunction with 
Robert W. Steele and other leading members, 
he introduced the office of superintendent of 
schools and established the Normal school. 

Capt. Wood is a director of the Winters 
National bank and of several large manufac- 
turing corporations. He holds a number of 
the most prominent offices in the Episcopal 
church in the diocese of southern Ohio ; is an 
officer in the Ohio Society of Colonial Wars 
and of the Sons of the Revolution, and is a 
Companion of the Loyal Legion. 

In every official relation sustained toward 
the city of Dayton, Capt. Wood's services 
have been marked by sound judgment, strong 
business sagacity and a broad and public-spir- 
ited conception of official duty. His services 
upon the board of police directors, of recent 
date, were most valuable in the reorganization 
of that most important municipal department ; 

while his earlier labors upon the board of 
education and in the city council reflected great 
honor upon himself and were of most marked 
benefit to the community. He is actively in- 
terested in every movement looking to the 
betterment of municipal conditions, and is 
recognized as one of Dayton's most influential 
citizens. Capt. Wood is an able and accom- 
plished public speaker. Many of his addresses, 
delivered in this city and elsewhere, have 
been published and widely circulated. 

■ Dayton, Ohio, is a native of the Buck- 
et 1 eye state, and was born in Richland 
county, March 26, 1841. His parents, 
Elah and Barbara (Halderman) Shauck, were 
born in Pennsylvania — the father in York 
county in 1806, and the mother in Lancaster 
in 1802, and both were children when brought 
to Ohio by their respective parents, who set- 
tled in Richland county, in that particular por- 
tion which was afterward selected, in 1848, to 
become a component part of Morrow county. 
The marriage of these parents took place in 
Richland county in 1829, when they at once 
settled on a farm, on which they passed the 
remainder of their days, the death of the 
mother occurring in January, 1862, and that 
of the father in October, 1875. The six chil- 
dren born to this marriage were named, in or- 
der of birth, as follows: Jacob, who is now a 
merchant of Kendallville, Ind. ; Mrs. Rebecca 
Coe, of Morrow county, Ohio; Moses, in the 
insurance business at Newark, Ohio; John A., 
the subject of this memoir; Sarah, who died 
after reaching the years of maturity, and Mar- 
tha Johnstone, of Ringgold county, Iowa. In 
politics, the father was a strong republican, 
was utterly inimical to the institution of slav- 
ery, and died an honored and respected citi- 
zen, his philanthropic principles having gained 



for him the esteem of the most enlightened 
residents of Morrow county, which was, in its 
early days, a cradle of abolition. 

The early education of John Allen Shauck 
was acquired in the common schools of Johns- 
ville, Morrow county, and was supplemented 
by a classical course of five years at Otterbein 
university. In 1865 he entered the law de- 
partment of the university of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor, from which he graduated in April, 1867. 
Soon thereafter he located in Dayton and for 
two years practiced law on his own account, 
establishing in this brief period an enviable 
reputation in his profession. He then formed 
a partnership with Judge Samuel Boltin, and 
this firm, which long stood in the front rank of 
the legal profession, continued until February 
8, 1885, when Judge Shauck was called upon 
to assume his duties on the bench of the cir- 
cuit court. Here he served with eminent abil- 
ity until February, 1895, when his strong judi- 
cial qualifications and fine reputation were 
recognized and rewarded by his elevation to the 
office of judge of the supreme court of the 
state of Ohio. 

Judge Shauck was most happily united in 
wedlock, at Centralia, 111., June 1, 1876, with 
Miss Ada May Phillips, who was born in Bond 
county, HI., May 26, 1855, a daughter of 
Charles W. and Eliza D. (Marshall) Phillips, 
natives of Fayette county, Pa. To this union 
two children have been born, of whom one, 
Helen C, still lives to bless the home of her 
parents, but Perie, the younger of the two, is 

Politically, Judge Shauck is a republican. 
As an attorney and as a jurist he has few 
equals in the state of Ohio, and as a man his 
life has been so pure, simple and unostenta- 
tious as to win the respect of all who have ever 
met him. In the short term of his service, up 
to this time, upon the supreme bench, the 
strength, clearness and courage of his decisions 

have won him the admiration of the entire bar 
of Ohio. They give evidence of a broad and 
safe knowledge of legal principles and of a fine 
discrimination in their application. The char- 
acteristic style of Judge Shauck's opinions, 
their virile, nervous English, the absence of 
doubt or compromise in their conclusions, mark 
their author as one of the ablest judges known 
to the history of Ohio's highest tribunal. 

kS~\ ENJAMIN B. CHILDS, member of 
|(^^ the board of water-works trustees of 
£*^_J Dayton and general foreman of the 
Barney-Smith Car works of the same 
city, was born in Livermore, Androscoggin 
county, Me., August 29, 1825. He is a son of 
Godney and Mary (Marsh) Childs, both of whom 
are now deceased. Receiving his early educa- 
tion in the district schools, he left home when 
ten years old and hired out to work on a farm. 
In 1 841 he left his home in Maine and went to 
Worcester, Mass., where he again was em- 
ployed on a farm, and there he remained thus 
engaged, working on different farms, for two 
years, and then began to learn the carpenter 
trade in Worcester. In 1845 he began work- 
ing at car building, and in 1856 removed to- 
Dayton, Ohio, where he became employed in 
the car shops of Barney & Parker, now the 
Barney & Smith Car Co. From that time up 
to the present day, a period of forty years, he 
has been continuously in the employ of thi& 
same company. At first he was made fore- 
man of the freight car department, being sub- 
sequently promoted to the position of foreman 
of the passenger car department, and for the 
past twenty-five years he has been general fore- 
man of the shops. 

Mr. Childs was married at Worcester, 
Mass., January 12, 185 1, to Annis E. Howe, 
a native of Leicester, Mass., who died in June, 
1894, leaving three children, as follows: Ed- 



ward E. , who is engaged in railroading; Ada- 
line M., who married Will D. Huber, of Day- 
ton, and Charles, draughtsman in the car shops 
of the Barney & Smith Car Co. 

Mr. Childs was elected to the water-works 
board of Dayton in April, 1890, was re-elected 
in 1893, and again in 1896, and during his 
last term has served as president of the board. 
He is a member of the Knights of Honor, and 
is in every way a man worthy of the highest 
regard and esteem. 

WOHN W. STODDARD, a prominent 
• citizen and president of the Stoddard 
/• J Manufacturing company, of Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in this city on the first 
day of October, 1837, and is the son of the 
late Henry Stoddard, a pioneer citizen and dis- 
tinguished lawyer of Dayton, of whom a sketch 
appears on another page of this volume. 

John W. Stoddard was prepared for college 
in the private schools of Dayton, and spent 
his freshman and sophomore years at Miami 
university. He next entered the junior class 
at Princeton college, where he was graduated 
in the class of '58. Determining to adopt the 
legal profession as a calling, Mr. Stoddard en- 
tered the Cincinnati Law school, from which 
he was graduated in i860. He practiced law 
in Dayton for two years, with every probabilty 
of success, after which he decided to abandon 
the legal profession for a business career, and 
in 1862 began the manufacture of linseed oil 
in partnership with his brother Henry, and 
Charles G. Grimes, under the firm name of 
Stoddard & Grimes. That business was con- 
tinued for three or four years when it was en- 
larged, and the manufacture of varnishes was 
added, the firm also dealing by wholesale in 
paints, oils, window glass, etc., under the 
name of Stoddard & Company (which business 
is continued at the present time by the Lowe 

Brothers' company). Mr. Stoddard retired 
from connection with the above business in 
1869, disposing of his interest to his brothers, 
Henry and E. Fowler Stoddard, and in the 
same year began the manufacture of agricul- 
tural implements in partnership with John 
Dodds, under the firm name of John Dodds & 
Company. This firm continued business for 
five years, and was succeeded by that of J. W. 
Stoddard & Company, the other members of 
which were E. Fowler Stoddard and William 
A. Scott. This firm was followed, in 1884, by the 
incorporation of the Stoddard Manufacturing 
company, of which Mr. Stoddard became, and 
has ever since been, the president and princi- 
pal stockholder. This is one of the principal 
manufacturing plants of Dayton, and one of 
the largest in its line in the world. 

Mr. Stoddard is also president of the Amer- 
ican Stoker company, of Dayton; president of 
the Milburn & Stoddard company, of Minne- 
apolis; vice-president of the Milburn Wagon 
company, of Toledo; and vice-president and 
acting president of the Pasteur Filter com- 
pany, of Dayton. He holds a directorship in 
the following corporations: The Fourth Na- 
tional bank, the National Improvement com- 
pany, of which he is president; the American 
Carbon company, the Davis Sewing Machine 
company, all of Dayton, and in the Indiana 
Iron company, of Muncie, Ind. He is also 
president of the Dayton club, the leading social 
organization of the city. 

Mr. Stoddard was married in May, 1861, 
to Susan, daughter of Daniel Keifer, one 
of the old citizens of Dayton, and to this 
marriage the following children have been born: 
Charles G., vice-president and superintendent 
of the Stoddard Manufacturing company; Mrs. 
Charles M. Nash, and Misses Alice and Flor- 

John Williams Stoddard was named for his 
grandfather, John Williams, a pioneer of Day- 






ton. His ancestry comprises a long line of 
prominent names, in, many instances distin- 
guished in the history of this country. 

As a business man Mr. Stoddard has been 
cautious, conservative, but courageous. He 
possesses to a marked degree what is known in 
the commercial world as "nerve." This ele- 
ment in his character has been wisely tempered 
with sagacity and most excellent judgment. 
He commenced his business life most admir- 
ably equipped. Educated in the best schools 
of this country, and with that further legal 
training which so thoroughly disciplines the 
mind, few men have enjoyed better preparation. 
To-day the sixtieth milestone is nearly passed 
and the period of retrospect has arrived. The 
future in Mr. Stoddard's business life is assured, 
and the pages of the past disclose a career of 
unvarying success. President and principal 
stockholder of one of the largest manufactories 
of its kind in the world, and identified with the 
management of many of Dayton's largest in- 
dustries and financial institutions, he may in- 
deed view the present and review the past with 
feelings of becoming pride. 

Socially those who know Mr. Stoddard well 
know him with ever increased attachment. 
His long, assiduous attention to business left 
little time for him to cultivate extended social 
relations. The formation of the Dayton club 
within the last few years has brought Mr. Stod- 
dard more prominently in contact with his fel- 
low-citizens and he has become one of its most 
popular members. His social qualities have 
thus become more generally known and recog- 
nized. Strong in his attachments, firm, de- 
cided and sincere in character, he well deserves 
his position of prominence and influence in his 
native city. 

He enjoys a beautiful home on a hillside of 
Dayton, from which is presented a kaleide- 
scopic view of progress and development, in 
which he is and has been a prominent factor. 

* yy w M LLIAM M. MILLS, vice-president 
Mm and general manager of the Globe 

vJLyJ [ron Works Co., of Dayton, Ohio, 
is one among the old and well- 
known citizens of the Gem City. Mr. Mills 
was born in Wythe county, Va., of French- 
Welsh origin, and is of the fourth generation 
since the first of his ancestors settled in Albe- 
marle county, Va. His grandfather, Menan 
Mills, was an ensign during the Revolutionary 
war, and was with his regiment at the sur- 
render of Yorktown, Va. He lived to reach 
the age of eighty-nine years, and during the 
last year of his life rode horseback from Lex- 
ington, Ky., to the western part of Montgom- 
ery county, Ohio, intending to remain in this 
county during the winter. But about three 
months after his arrival he was taken sick, and 
after a few days' illness died. 

The father of William M. was the Rev. 
John I. T. Mills, who married Maria Galladay, 
daughter of Maj. Galladay, of Augusta county, 
Va., and a few years later removed to Lexing- 
ton, Ky., whither he had been preceded a few 
years by his father and two brothers. Rev. 
Mills began the realities of life as a minister of 
the M. E. church and a teacher, in both of 
which callings he became one of the most suc- 
cessful in Kentucky. He was a man of fine 
physique, and exceedingly fond of athletic 
sports, taking part with his pupils at play dur- 
ing recess. Although very strict during study 
hours, he was the idol of his students. Dur- 
ing the cholera epidemic of 1833 he suffered 
from a very severe attack of that disease, from 
which he never fully recovered, and died 
eighteen months afterward, at the age of forty- 
six years, in the full promise of his manhood. 
At the time of his death and for several years 
prior thereto, he was professor of Greek and 
Hebrew in the seminary at Harrodsburg, Ky., 
a school which he had founded on his own 
account. Rev. Mills was considered one of 



the leading educators in the state of Kentucky. 
He was a natural orator, a close student, a 
fine instructor, and withal a true type of the 
Christian gentleman. After the death of Rev. 
Mills his widow, with her five children, two 
sons and three daughters, removed to Jackson 
township, Montgomery county, Ohio, where 
she purchased a farm and began farming, al- 
though her eldest son, Jewette M. Mills, was 
but seventeen years of age, and her youngest, 
William M., was not yet fourteen. These two 
boys took charge of the farm, and so success- 
fully did they manage it that they greatly sur- 
prised the neighbors. Fortunately for his 
family, Rev. Mills was very fond of farm life, 
and had for many years owned and cultivated 
a good farm, so his boys were no strangers to 
their new duties. 

W. M. Mills remained with his mother until 
he reached his eighteenth year, and having by 
that time made up his mind that farming 
was not his choice of business, with the 
consent of his mother and brother, he went 
to learn the carpentering trade with a neigh- 
bor. After working as an apprentice for 
about two years young Mills concluded that 
he would be something more than a country 
carpenter, and consequently came to Day- 
ton to finish his trade. After completing his 
apprenticeship and working as a carpenter for 
a few years Mr. Mills determined to seek em- 
ployment in some branch of manufacturing, 
where there would be an opportunity of ad- 
vancement, and so obtained a place as pattern- 
maker. A few years later he purchased an 
interest in an iron foundry and machine busi- 
ness, forming what afterward became the firm 
of Stout, Mills & Temple, the successor to 
which firm is now the Dayton Globe Iron 
Works Co., which was formed in 1890, at 
which time Mr. Mills was made secretary. In 
1891 he was made vice-president and general 
manager. Mr. Mills was made an elder in the 

Presbyterian church when he was thirty-five 
years of age. He is now one of the ruling 
elders of the Third street Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Mills was married on October 28, 1845, 
to Margaret Bowersock, daughter of David 
Bowersock, who was of German descent, born 
in Northumberland county, Pa., and settled in 
Miami county, Ohio, at an early date. Mrs. 
Mills was born in Miami county in December, 
1822, and Mr. and Mrs. Mills have lived to cel- 
ebrate their golden wedding anniversary. To 
Mr. and Airs. Mills the following children have 
been born: Annie M., widow of Samuel 
Steele, son of the late Dr. Steele, of Dayton ; 
David T. , now engaged in the wood pulp man- 
ufacturing business in the state of Maine; Belle 
W.; William H., who died in his thirteenth 
year ; Edna L., now Mrs. E. P. Matthews, of 
Dayton, and Gussie L. 

When Cincinnati was menaced by Gen. 
Kirby Smith, Mr. Mills organized a company 
of 103 men, two lieutenants and a drum corps, 
was commissioned captain by Gov. Tod, and 
assisted in repelling the rebel invader. 

In about 1870 Mr. Mills was elected to the 
Dayton city council, and was chosen president 
of that body. He has also served a number 
of times as chairman of county conventions. 

HLVAN A. SIMONDS, manufacturer 
of machine knives, Dayton, was born 
at Fitchburg, Mass., January 28, 
1 841 . His father was Abel Simonds, 
a scythe manufacturer of that place. Alvan 
grew to manhood in his native state, and when 
sixteen years of age, learned the trade upon 
which his present business is based. He 
worked at it for four years, and then, in com- 
pany with his brother, George F., opened a 
shop at home, remaining in business there for 
ten years. The firm was known as Simonds 



Brothers, and subsequently was organized into 
a joint-stock company, under the name of 
the Simonds Manufacturing company, of 
which Mr. Simonds became the trusted and 
efficient treasurer. 

The firm of Simonds Brothers commenced 
business with ten men in their employ, and in 
1874, when Mr. Simonds resigned his position 
as treasurer of the company, the force had 
been increased to 125 employees, and the 
amount of business to $200,000 annually. In 
the year last named Mr. Simonds came west, 
seeking a location for the establishment of a 
new plant of the same character. On his 
arrival at Dayton, he was so impressed with the 
industrial outlook that he determined to locate 
himself in this city. He erected his present 
shops in Dayton View, and his success has fully 
justified his decision. 

In 1 86 1, Mr. Simonds enlisted in company 
B, Fifteenth regiment Massachusetts volun- 
teer infantry, and served in the Second corps, 
army of the Potomac. After a term of three 
years in defense of the Union, he was honor- 
ably discharged and returned home. He is a 
member of the Old Guard post, G. A. R., of 

Mr. Simonds was married, in 1865, to Miss 
Marcella C. Willard, a native of Leominster, 
Mass. Of the five children born to them, four 
are living — Caroline J., Cora B. , Herbert R. , 
and Ethel G. ; Bessie E. being deceased. 

Mr. Simonds, in starting, upon a modest 
scale, the knife manufacturing plant which has 
grown into a large and prosperous industry, 
introduced a new feature into the business 
activities of Dayton. To every detail of its 
development he gave the most watchful care 
and judicious direction, and in a few years of 
residence here, he took place among the sound 
and reliable business men of the city. At the 
time of his retirement, by reason of ill health, 
from the personal and active management of 

his business, he was recognized in the com- 
munity not only as a prominent and influential 
factor in the industrial life of Dayton, but as 
one of her most useful and liberal citizens. 
The establishment of the Deaconess hospital 
was largely due to the untiring labors of Mr. 
Simonds, who was the first president of the 
board of trustees and so continued until 1896, 
when the failure of his health precluded his 
further service. He has been identified with 
very many of the charitable and benevolent 
movements in Dayton, wherein his good judg- 
ment and his generosity have been equally ap- 


mm whose office is at No. 137 West 

\JL/I Third street, Dayton, Ohio, is ,1 
native of the Buckeye state, and 
was born in Germantown, Montgomery county, 
July 16, 1863, a son of William Henry and 
Eleanor A. (Schultz) Negley. 

John C. Negley, his grandfather, was born 
near Carlisle, Cumberland county, Pa.., July 
21, 1783, and when about twelve years of age 
accompanied his father and other members of 
the family to Mercer county, Ky., where he 
grew to manhood. In 1805 he came to Ohio 
and entered a section of land in German town- 
ship, Montgomery county, just east of German- 
town, that village then consisting of a post- 
office, store, tavern, and a few houses. In 
181 1, he married Miss Mary Shuey, a daughter 
of John Martin Shuey, the marriage resulting 
in the birth of five children, viz: Christiana, 
Caroline, Elizabeth, Catherine and William 
Henry. Shortly after his marriage, John C. 
Negley volunteered for the war of 18 12, enter- 
ing the army with the commission of ensign, 
and later, for brave and gallant conduct, was 
promoted to be captain. 



William Henry Negley, the only son of 
John C. and the father of Dr. Negley, was born 
in Germantown, Ohio, December iS, 182S, 
was reared on his father's farm, and in 1857 
married Miss Eleanor A. Schultz, a native of 
Baltimore, Md., this union being blessed with 
two children — Frank Herwood and Dr. Will- 
iam H. Mr. Negley, like his father, was a 
brave soldier, and served his country through 
the war of the Rebellion; in 1869 he removed 
with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio, and there 
Dr. W. H. Negley was educated. 

Dr. Negley received his elementary educa- 
tion in the public schools of Cincinnati, and 
passed through all the intermediate grades until 
he reached the Woodward high school, from 
which he was graduated in 1882. In 1883 he 
entered the Miami Medical college at Cincin- 
nati, to prepare himself for his chosen profes- 
sion, and from this institution he graduated in 
March, 1886. In October, 18S6, he was ap- 
pointed acting assistant surgeon at the National 
Military Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers 
near Dayton; January 1, 1887, was promoted 
to the position of second assistant surgeon, and 
July 1, 1S89, was promoted to first assistant 

June 9, 1891, Dr. Negley was most happily 
united in marriage with Miss Anna Poyntz An- 
derson, daughter of Charles B. and Belle 
(Bradford) Anderson, of Campbell county, Ky. 
March 1, 1892, the doctor resigned his position 
in the Military home, near Dayton, in order to 
go to Europe, and further to prosecute the 
study of his profession in the hospitals of the 
old world. Returning to Dayton in November 
of the same year, he opened his present office 
January 1, 1893. In March, 1894, he was 
appointed attending physician to Saint Eliza- 
beth hospital, which position he has filled with 
marked credit and ability. Two children — 
Eleanor Bradford and William Henry, Jr. — 
have been born to Dr. and Mrs. Negley. 

^-j»OHN R. McINTIRE, capitalist, banker 
g and wholesale merchant, of Dayton, 
(9 1 Ohio, is a native of the Reystone state, 
having been born at Lancaster, Pa. , 
and is the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Mcln- 
tire. The Mclntire family was one of the 
early ones in Montgomery county, Ohio. 
Samuel Mclntire was a native of Scotland, 
born of Scotch-Irish parents. Before attain- 
ing his majority he came to the United States 
and settled in Lancaster county, Pa. There 
he was married, his wife having, when a child, 
gone with her parents to that state from her 
native place in Virginia. In the spring of 
1840 Samuel Mclntire brought his family to 
Montgomery county, making the entire trip by 
wagon, the journey consuming twenty-one 
days. Upon arriving in this county he located 
temporarily at Harshmanville. His death oc- 
curred four years later. His widow survived 
him until 1885, her death occurring in Dayton, 
where she had resided for a number of years. 
After securing a common-school education, 
John K. Mclntire came to Dayton in the fall 
of 1846, and took a position as clerk in the 
grocery store of George W. Rneisley, continu- 
ing in that capacity with the same house until 
January 1, 1854, when he purchased an inter- 
est in the business, and became a partner in 
the firm of Kneisley, Mclntire & Co., whole- 
sale grocers. In 1861 the firm became that of 
Rneisley & Mclntire, with Mr. Mclntire an 
equal partner. In 1876 Mr. Mclntire retired 
from the above firm, and in the same year 
established the wholesale grocery house of J. 
R. Mclntire & Co., on East Third street, 
which, on May 1, 1894, was removed to No. 
116 North Main street. This is the largest 
and the leading house in its line in Dayton, 
and one of the largest in Ohio. 

Mr. Mclntire has other large and important 
business interests in Dayton. For the past 
twenty-one years he has been a stockholder 

{^1^1- -J 





and director in the Third National bank, and 
since 1888 has been president of that institu- 
tion. He has been a director in the Miami 
Insurance company since its incorporation in 
1862, he being one of the original members, 
and is vice-president of the company at the 
present time. He is also a director in the 
Fireman's Insurance company, director in the 
Dayton Gas Light & Coke company, direct- 
or in the Dayton Spice mills company, vice- 
president and director in the Weston Paper 
company, and is in one way or another inter- 
ested in other enterprises. He is also a large 
owner of valuable business property and real 
estate in the city. Mr. Mclntire was one of 
the original members of the old volunteer fire 
department of Dayton, and for three years was 
a member and for one year president of the 
Dayton board of fire commissioners. In 
this direction he has always taken a most act- 
ive interest, and to him as much as to any 
other man does Dayton owe the credit for the 
establishment of the present very efficient city 
fire department. Mr. Mclntire is a prominent 
member of the Masonic fraternity, being both 
a thirty-second degree and knight templar 
Mason. He is also a member of and director 
in the Dayton club. 

In 1858, at Romulus, on Seneca lake, in 
New York state, Mr. Mclntire was married to 
Evaline Van Tuyl, who died in Dayton in 
1887, leaving the following children: Stella, 
who married George W. Elkins, of the well- 
known Philadelphia family of that name, and 
who resides in that city; Ada, who married 
Frank T. Huffman, of Dayton, and John S. 
and Edward M., both of whom are among the 
well-known and rising young business men of 
Dayton and members of the firm of J. K. Mc- 
lntire & Co. 

The career of Mr. Mclntire has been an act- 
ive and busy one, and has been one of almost 
uniform success. Beginning life in a subordi- 

nate position in a mercantile house, it was his 
industry, energy and determination to rise 
above the common level which brought him into- 
favor with his employers and made his ad- 
vancement possible at a time in the history of 
the business of this city when promotions were 
slow. Once given an opportunity to advance, 
he was active in making other opportunities. 
It was but natural that when such a man be- 
gan to have surplus capital, beyond the re- 
quirements of his regular business, he should 
seek for it profitable investments. It was. 
natural, too, that in the hands of a man of his 
shrewdness and sagacity, capital should con- 
tinue to accumulate with accelerating rapidity, 
and be distributed in a diversity of channels. 
In this respect his history is not different from 
that of many other financiers, nor has suc- 
cess in business been allowed to change the 
man. He is the kind and constant friend, the 
pleasant and genial acquaintance, and the 
broad and liberal-minded citizen. In the prime 
of his mental and physical vigor, Mr. Mclntire 
has won a place in the front rank of the solid, 
progressive and public-spirited citizens of Day- 
ton. His success has not only been of benefit 
to him and to his immediate family, but the 
city of Dayton has shared in it, his business 
operations having been on such lines as mate- 
rially aid the community. The traits of char- 
acter of Mr. Mclntire are such as to have won 
for him a wide circle of friends and acquaint- 
ances not only in Dayton but away from home. 

BEV. CHARLES J. HAHNE, pastor of 
Emanuel church, the leading Catholic 
congregation of Dayton, was born in 
the city of Schleswig, in the province 
of Schleswig, Germany, March 12, 1833. His 
father and mother were devout Catholic?, but 
were not in affluent circumstances, his father 
beint; a shoemaker. To his 'mother he owes 



his earlier religious instruction, and to her 
pious influence he owes gratitude for her en- 
couragement of his desire to become a servant 
of the church. He was educated at Mount 
St. Mary's seminary, at Cincinnati, and was 
ordained priest on May 29, 1863, by Arch- 
bishop PurceU, of that city. 

Rev. John F. Hahne, elder brother of 
Father Charles J. Hahne, was born in Schles- 
wig, April 19, 1 8 1 5 . While yet a mere boy 
he announced his intention to devote his life to 
the church, and as he advanced in years this 
determination was strengthened. His parents, 
however, were too poor to permit him to de- 
vote all his time to the necessary study, but he 
nevertheless availed himself of every oppor- 
tunity for obtaining books through loan and 
otherwise, and devoted himself assiduously to 
their study. He also laid aside from his earn- 
ings all the funds he could possibly spare, 
until, having learned his trade, he was able to 
visit various parts of Prussia, working as he 
journeyed and saving his earnings, for the pur- 
pose of forwarding his life object — that of 
reaching the priesthood. Having accumulated 
sufficient means, he began his theological stud- 
ies at Freyburg, in Switzerland. He was em- 
ployed as a private tutor for some time in 
Hanover, Prussia, and continued to devote 
himself to stud} - under the supervision of mem- 
bers of the Society of Jesus. Eventually he 
was ordained priest in the city of Osnabruck, 
Germany, December 23, 1848, whence he went 
to Alfhausen, and some time afterward was 
appointed chaplain to the army at Schleswie, 
his native city. In September, 185 1, he came 
to America, and proceeded at once to Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, where he was appointed assistant 
pastor of the church of Saint Philomena, and 
a short time afterward was transferred to the 
assistant pastorate of St. Paul's church, in 
which he continued until May, 1857, when he 
was transferred- to Dayton. Here Father 

Hahne soon secured the confidence and love 
of those among whom his lot was cast, and 
through his efforts some of the most im- 
portant Catholic organizations in the city were 
established. He was regarded as one of the 
most energetic and zealous clergymen in the 
diocese of Cincinnati, and in private life was 
universally beloved for his warm-hearted dis- 
position and truly amiable character. His 
death occurred February 21, 1882, and his 
memory is sorrowfully cherished by many 
hundreds of his loving and admiring friends. 

Emanuel's Catholic church, on Franklin 
street, Dayton, is the result of Father John F. 
Hahne's devotion to and zeal in the cause of 
the holy faith. The corner stone of the edi- 
fice was laid September 8, 1871, the anniver- 
sary of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
according to the church calendar. It is the 
largest church building in Dayton, its outside 
measurement being 166x68 feet, with two tow- 
ers in front, each 212 feet high; the auditory 
has a seating capacity for 1,500 persons, and 
the children's gallery will seat 600. The cost 
of the edifice was $100,000, and the interior 
is in full keeping with the exterior, both being 
chaste and elegant in design and finish. 

Father Charles J. Hahne came to America 
December 22, 1854, and since 1S63 has been 
connected with Emanuel's church, having of- 
ficiated as assistant pastor from that date un- 
til the demise of his brother, when he suc- 
ceeded to the pastorate, a position he has since 
most ably and zealously filled. He has labored 
hard in the service of his flock, which numbers 
over 3,000 souls, and whom he considers first 
in all things, excepting only his allegiance to 
the faith. He is self-sacrificing, is filled with 
kindness, charity and love, and is not only 
venerated by his own immediate people, but is 
honored and respected throughout the entire 
citv of Dayton, and by those of every class and 



J physician and surgeon, of Dayton, 
f» 1 Ohio, has been a resident of this city 
since 1880, removing hereto from the 
National soldiers' home, where he had been 
filling an appointment as surgeon and medical 
adviser since 1874. He was born in Decatur 
county, Ind., near Greensburg, April 9, 1838, 
and is a son of Rev. John S. Weaver, who was 
born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1802. The fam- 
ily originated in the German district of Alsace- 
Lorraine, which, however, prior to 1871, had 
been in the possession of France, the great- 
grandfather of Dr. Weaver being the first mem- 
ber of the family to emigrate to the United 
States. John Weaver, his son, and the grand- 
father of Dr. Weaver, was a shipbuilder in the 
United States navy for many years, and late 
in life came to Ohio and engaged in farming. 
His wife was Mary Smallwood, of Philadelphia, 
and they reared a family of eight or ten chil- 
dren, who scattered abroad throughout the 
country, some going south, others west, and 
engaging in various occupations. 

The father of Dr. Weaver was a graduate 
of Miami university, being a member of the 
first class sent out by that institution, and he 
was afterward a tutor at Oxford for some time. 
He entered the ministry of the Presbyterian 
church about 1828, beginning his work at Bell- 
brook, Greene county. Some time afterward he 
was transferred to Franklin, Warren county, and 
thence to a charge in the vicinity of Greensburg, 
Ind., returning to Ohio about 1838. Herefor 
some time he had charge of a church near the 
village of Millville, Butler county, remaining 
there for two or three years, after which he 
took charge of the New Jersey church in War- 
ren county, which church is now called the 
Carlisle church. Here he remained until 
about 1858, when he assumed charge of Dick's 
Creek church, his home being the village of 
Blue Ball, along the line of Butler and War- 

ren counties, Ohio. Continuing here in charge 
until 1865, he then removed to Springfield, 
Ohio, where also he engaged in ministerial 
work, though not having any special charge. 
His last sermon was preached in Bellbrook, 
Ohio, the same place in which he began his 
work in the ministry, his death occurring in 
Springfield, Ohio, in 1872. He was a man of 
considerable literary attainments, and was a 
contributor to several religious journals. His 
entire life was given to the work of the church, 
and in a most unselfish manner did he perform 
every duty that devolved spon him. 

He married Miss Amanda Hurin, a daugh- 
ter of Silas Hurin, one of the early settlers of 
Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio. Silas Hurin 
was a native of New Jersey and came to Ohio, 
settling in Warren county, at a very early day. 
By trade he was a tanner. He married a Miss 
Ludlow, who was also of one of the earliest 
families of Ohio. The mother of Dr. Weaver 
was born in Lebanon and died in 1882. She 
and her husband were the parents of seven 
children, as follows : Susan A., deceased ; 
Kate C. , wife of Capt. James H. Robinson, of 
Springfield, Ohio ; James M. ; Mary Agnes, 
widow of Capt. A. M. Robinson, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio ; John S., who has always been engaged 
in educational work, and who is now principal 
of the high school at Springfield, Ohio ; Geor- 
giana D., wife of R. E. Naylor, a farmer of 
Kansas ; Walter L. , a well-known attorney at 
law, of Springfield, Ohio. 

James M. Weaver was reared in the south- 
ern part of Ohio, and received his elementary 
education in the district schools, attending 
school during the winter season and working 
on the farm in the summer. He then attended 
an academic school some two years, and taught 
school one winter. In 1857 he entered the 
office of Drs. Firestone & Robison, of Woos- 
ter, Ohio, and attended his first course of lec- 
tures at Cincinnati, in the winter of 1859-60. 



His second course he attended at the medical 
department of the Western Reserve college, at 
Cleveland, Ohio, graduating there in the class 
of 1861. 

He began practice at Jackson, Wayne 
county, Ohio, remaining there until August, 1862, 
when he entered the service of the government 
as assistant surgeon of the Ninety-third Ohio 
volunteer infantry, being promoted to the office 
of surgeon in 1S64, and serving in the field un- 
til the close of the war, or until June, 1865. 
Part of the time he was on the operating staff 
and in charge of the hospital of the Third di- 
vision, Fourth army corps. 

After severing his connection with the army 
Dr. Weaver located at Wooster, Ohio, and 
practiced medicine there in partnership with 
Dr. J. D. Robison, following a general prac- 
tice until 1874, when he was appointed sur- 
geon to the central branch of the National 
soldiers' home, at Dayton. This position he 
filled until 1S80, when he removed to the city 
of Dayton, and has ever since been here engaged 
in general practice as a physician and surgeon. 
His house and office are at No. 1 1 1 South 
Ludlow street. Here he has built up a most 
extensive practice in the city and immediate 
vicinity, and is well known as a skillful and 
conscientious practitioner. While in Wooster 
he served as a member of the board of pension 
examiners, and since locating in Dayton has 
served in the same capacity from 1881 until 
1884, and again from 1890 until 1893. He 
also served as health officer of Dayton from 
1886 to 1891, and has been a member of the 
consulting staff of St. Elizabeth's hospital since 
1882, and surgeon of the Big Four railroad 
since 1881. His entire attention is given to 
his profession, as that affords him the greatest 
interest, as well as being the most profitable 
manner of spending his life. 

Dr. Weaver is a member of the Montgom- 
ery county Medical society, of the Ohio state 

Medical association, of the American Medical 
association, of the state association of railroad 
surgeons, and of the National association of 
railroad surgeons. He is a member of Day- 
ton lodge No. 147, F. & A. M. ; of Unity chap- 
ter No. 16; of Reese council No. 9, and of Reed 
commandery No. 6. He is a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, of the Scottish rite. He is a 
member of the Old Guard post No. 23, G. A. 
R., and is in good standing in all these various 
societies and orders. He was elected to the 
board of education in the spring of 1896, and 
is one of the most valued and efficient members 
of that body. 

Dr. Weaver was married September6, 1865, 
to Miss Sarah J. Jacobs, of Fort Wayne, Ind. , 
a daughter of William Jacobs of that city. 
She was born, however, in Wooster, Ohio. 
Dr. and Mrs. Weaver are the parents of four 
children, as follows: Anna L. , who died at 
the age of sixteen; Mary M. , who died in in- 
fancy; Frederick C. , a practicing physician of 
Dayton, in partnership with his father, and 
Mima J., living at home. The family are 
members of the Presbyterian church of this 

Frederick C. Weaver was born December 
16, 1870, and received his literary education 
at the Wesleyan university, at Delaware, Ohio. 
He read medicine with his father, and attended 
the Miami Medical college at Cincinnati, grad- 
uating therefrom with the class of 1894. He is 
assistant surgeon of the Third regiment, O. N. 
G. , and is one of the attending physicians of 
St. Elizabeth's hospital at Dayton. He was 
married, in 1 891, to Miss Mary E. Bridge- 
man, of London, Ohio. The Drs. Weaver 
are considered by the citizens of Dayton, gen- 
erally, as one of the strongest medical and 
surgical firms in the city, their skill and suc- 
cess being quite marked and widely recognized,, 
not only in the city itself, but throughout a 
wide circuit of the surrounding country. 


tftt + 



^.HSvi/fTK JNj //•VZ, 




M Dayton, is now living in retirement and 
/• 1 devoting his leisure to the study of his- 
torical and philosophical literature, hav- 
ing long since acquired a competency and 
being now one of the solid capitalists and finan- 
ciers of the Gem City. He descends from one 
of the oldest of American families, was born in 
Fayette county, Pa., October 19, 1810, and 
has been a resident of Ohio since 1830. His 
father, Ephraim Walters, also a native of Fay- 
ette county, was born in 1776, was reared a 
farmer, and, while still a young man, also en- 
gaged in trading, and as early as 1 800 floated 
flour to New Orleans, La., on a keel-boat. In 
1803 he married Miss Elizabeth Ache, daugh- 
ter of a Dunkard preacher, and thenceforward 
confined himself to agricultural pursuits, and 
died at the ripe old age of ninety-one years. 

Ephraim Walters, grandfather of Dr. Wal- 
ters, was born about 1737, and when fourteen 
years of age was captured by the Shawanese 
Indians on the south branch of the Potomac 
river, in Virginia. His father, mother, and six 
children beside himself, were also the victims 
of this onslaught, and the father was shot dead 
on the spot. While crossing the mountains 
westwardly the Indians seized a nursing babe 
from its mother's arms and dashed out its 
brains against a stump, and then tied the mother 
to a tree and slowly tortured her to death with 
fire. Young Ephraim, with the other prison- 
ers, was taken to an Indian village on the Mo- 
nongahela river near Pittsburg (as it is now 
known), where he was adopted by the chief, 
Yougashaw, and was kindly treated. He be- 
came an expert hunter and a brave warrior, 
and was present at Braddock's defeat and at the 
subsequent fall of Fort Duquesne in 1758. He 
was of course among the Indians who sided 
with the French, and in 1759 was exchanged, 
and so passed into the hands of the English, 
who then controlled the colonies. But the ar- 

rogance of the British officers was to him un- 
bearable, and he soon rejoined his Indian as- 
sociates and with them came to Ohio, where 
he passed two years on the Muskingum river 
and its tributaries. In 1761 he returned to 
Pennsylvania and made his home on the Mo- 
nongahela river in the village of the renowned 
Indian chief, Cornstalk, in what is now Fay- 
ette county. In 1770 he located a "toma- 
hawk" title to about 7,000 acres of land in 
that county, most of which is to-day very valu- 
able and a great portion of it in the possession 
of his descendants. The same year he married 
Miss DeBolt, of French descent, to which 
union were born seven sons and three daugh- 
ters, and of these ten children three lived to 
reach the age of ninety years, six to be sev- 
enty-five, and one to be fifty-five years old. 
During the Revolutionary war Mr. Walters 
raised a company for the defense of the settle- 
ment, and during the war of 181 2, his young- 
est son having been drafted, he offered himself 
as a substitute and was accepted, although he 
was then seventy-five years old. He was ever 
prominent in local affairs and for many years 
was a justice of the peace. His death took 
place in 1835 at the age of ninety-four years, 
and his memory is still cherished and vener- 
ated in the western part of the Keystone state. 
Dr. Jefferson A. Walters, on coming to 
Ohio in 1830, was the first student to enter 
the Eclectic Medical college, just organized at 
Worthington, and from this institution he 
graduated in 1834. The first three years of 
practice he passed in Perry county, and in 
June, 1837, he settled in Dayton. December 
24, 1840, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucetta E. Brooks, only daughter of James 
Brooks, and to this union were born one son 
and one daughter. In the summer of 1841 the 
Doctor opened a drug store and for twenty-five 
years did a very successful business, but in 
1866 had the misfortune to be thrown from his 

■2 is 


buggy, sustaining a serious injury to his spine, 
from which he suffered for six years before 
finding permanent relief, since when he has 
enjoyed very fair health. For many years he 
has been living in retirement, passing his time 
in the perusal of standard works of philosophy 
and antiquarian research. He is well pre- 
served for his age and adds to his longevity by 
maintaining an equable temper and the exer- 
cise of an unusual degree of sociability. He 
has always been a democrat in politics, but 
has never aspired to public office nor cared to 
burden himself with official cares, being satis- 
fied with his lot as an honored and quiet 
citizen of the republic. 

IHOMAS P. GADDIS, vice-president 
and general manager of the Dayton 
Malleable Iron works and one of the 
Gem City's representative manufac- 
turers and citizens, was born in this city June 
5, 1850. His father was the late Rev. Max- 
well Pierson Gaddis, who for years was one of 
the well-known ministers of the Cincinnati M. 
E. conference, and was the author of that val- 
uable and interesting autobiographical work, 
"Footprints of an Itinerant." Rev. Gaddis 
was born in Lancaster county. Pa. , on Sep- 
tember 9, 181 1. His parents, Robert and 
Mary Ann (Frazier) Gaddis, who were natives 
of Ireland, were married in 1789, and became 
the parents of thirteen children, seven of whom 
were born in that country. In 1801 the fam- 
ily sailed from Ireland on the ship Stafford, 
and after a perilous voyage of thirteen weeks, 
reached this land. They first located on a 
small farm in Delaware, but in 1803 they re- 
moved to Pennsylvania, and in 18 17 came to 
Ohio. Rev. Gaddis was educated principally 
by his mother. Before he had reached his six- 
teenth year he had passed the necessary exam- 

ination, had been pronounced competent to 
teach, and had taught his first common school. 
By teaching he earned means to go to college, 
which he entered in 1830, but soon afterward 
was forced to abandon his studies on account 
of poor health. In 1832-33 he was engaged 
in mercantile business. In 1824 he was con- 
verted to religion; in 1835 he was authorized 
to exhort in the M. E. church, and during that 
year he received his first appointment to a cir- 
cuit. His first appointment to a station was in 
1838, when he was placed in charge at Fulton, 
Ohio. In the fall of 1841 he was appointed 
agent for the Worthington Female seminary and 
Asbury academy at Parkersburg, Va. In 1852 
he was compelled to abandon active work, 
on account of ill health, and the following year 
he severed his connection as pastor at Piqua, 
and went east to recuperate. He recovered 
his health to a slight degree, but continued 
weak, and was compelled to take a superan- 
nuated relation with the church. Following 
this he located in Dayton, and here resided 
until his death, which occurred in 1878. His 
widow still resides in Dayton. 

Thomas P. Gaddis was reared in Dayton, 
first attended the public schools, and then An- 
tioch college, at Yellow Springs, Ohio. In 
1869 he went to Colorado, where he served in 
the U. S. engineering corps under Maj. John 
E. Clark. In 1872 he was in Wisconsin and 
Michigan with the engineering corps of the 
Northwestern Railway company, and in 1873 
he returned to Dayton and entered the Malle- 
able Iron-Works as a partner, holding first the 
position of shipping clerk and subsequently 
that of foreman of the foundry, then superin- 
tendent and general manager. In 1884 he 
became vice-president and general manager. 
For a time he was president of the company. 

In 1878 Mr. Gaddis was married to a 
daughter of the late Col. John G. Lowe, of 



S CHE NCR, deceased, was born 
at Franklin, Warren county, Ohio, on 
June ii, 1807, and was the son of 
Gen. William C. Schenck, a pioneer of Ohio, 
of whom extended mention is made in the biog- 
raphy of Gen. R. C. Schenck, on another 
page of this volume. In 182.2, James Findlay 
Schenck received an appointment as cadet at 
the United States Military academy, at West 
Point, N. Y. , where he remained for about 
two years; but in consequence of some trouble 
with one of the tactical officers, resulting from 
certain reports which had been made against 
cadets by that officer, and of his subsequent 
actions respecting these cadets and deemed by 
them to have been conducted in a spirit of in- 
justice. Cadet Schenck and several others ten- 
dered their resignations. On March 1, 1825, 
Mr. Schenck received an appointment as mid- 
shipman in the United States navy, and in the 
following August was ordered to the sloop 
Hornet, of the West India squadron. In 
March, 1827, he was detached and ordered to 
the Natchez, which vessel had been fitted out 
at the Norfolk navy yard, under special in- 
structions from the navy department, to join 
the West India squadron for service against 
pirates, which infested those waters at that 
time. While serving with the vessel on the 
south side of the island of Cuba, in July, 1828, 
two schooners and a sloop were fitted out to 
aid the Natchez in her operations against the 
pirates. The latter vessel, the Surprise, with 
thirty men, was for some time under the com- 
mand of Mr. Schenck. In November, 1828, he 
was detached from the Natchez and ordered to 
the Peacock, of the same squadron, and in 
December, 1829, he was ordered to the Bran- 
dywine, then lying at the New York navy yard, 
under orders to join the same squadron, which 
vessel reached Havana on April first following. 
In July, 1830, Mr. Schenck was detached from 

the Brandy wine and placed upon " waiting 
orders," and on June 4, 1831, he was pro- 
moted to passed midshipman, and in the fol- 
lowing month ordered to the receiving-ship at 
Norfolk, Va., but in October following was 
detached and granted leave. In January, 
1832, he was ordered to the frigate United 
States, then fitting out at the New York navy 
yard, whence he sailed to join the Mediterra- 
nean squadron on the 3d of July of that year, 
touching at Funchal, Lisbon, Gibraltar, and 
arriving at Port Mahon on the 26th of the 
following August. Here Mr. Schenck was 
transferred as the acting master to the frigate 
John Adams, she being short of officers. After 
the usual services upon this station he was, in 
March, 1834, detached and granted leave. He 
was commissioned lieutenant on December 22, 
1835, ar, d in June, 1836, was ordered to the 
Boston, then fitting out at Boston, Mass. The 
Boston sailed for Pensacola on July 10 of that 
year, for services in the West India squadron. 
From that vessel Lieut. Schenck was detached 
in September, 1836, and ordered to the St. 
Louis, and to the Constellation in July, 1837, 
and in May, 1838, he was detached and 
granted leave. In August, 1839, he was or- 
dered to the Dolphin, Brazil squadron, where 
he served until July, 1840, when he was de- 
tached and granted leave. In November, 
1 84 1, he was ordered to the receiving-ship at 
New York, and in July, 1842, detached to the 
razee Independence, of the home squadron, and 
in December, 1843, was detached to the Preble, 
which vessel sailed from Boston for Pensacola 
and the West India squadron on January 24, 
1844. On the 28th of June of that year Com- 
mander Freelon forwarded, with a very favor- 
able and flattering indorsement, an application 
of Lieut. Schenck for leave of absence, and 
the following month he was detached and 
granted leave. In August, 1845, ne was or- 
dered to the frigate Congress, Pacific squad- 



ron, Commodore Stockton commanding, and 
as chief military aid to that officer, Lieut. 
Schenck landed and took possession of Santa 
Barbara and San Pedro, in California, and in 
the same capacity marched upon and was at 
the first capture of Los Angeles. This was 
during the war of the United States with Mex- 
ico. As the second lieutenant of the Congress, 
Lieut. Schenck was at the bombardment and 
capture of Guaymas, and at the taking of 
Mazatlan, in Mexico. In October, 1848, he 
returned from the Pacific squadron as bearer 
of dispatches, and was granted leave. In May, 
1849, he was ordered to the command of the 
Pacific mail steamer Ohio, in which service he 
remained until granted leave of absence in 
December, 1852. He- was promoted to the 
rank of a commander on September 14, 1855, 
and in April, 1857, was ordered to the com- 
mand of the receiving-ship at New York. In 
June, 1858, he was placed on waiting orders, 
and in July, 1859, was ordered to the com- 
mand of the Saginaw, of the East India squad- 
ron. In June, 1861, Commander Schenck 
was ordered by Flag Officer Engel to proceed 
with the Saginaw to Quim-hon bay, in Cochin 
China, in the execution of certain duties, in the 
performance of which, after his vessel had 
thrice been fired upon from the fort at that 
point, he was compelled to reduce the Chinese 
fortifications. In February, 1862, after an ap- 
plication had been made by him to the secretary 
of the navy to be relieved from the command of 
the Saginaw, which vessel was not considered 
seaworthy, Commander Schenck was ordered 
home. This order was anticipated by him, 
however, and he arrived in New York on 
March 11 following, and on the 19th of the 
next month was placed in command of the 
frigate St. Lawrence, and at once proceeded 
to Hampton Roads, and assumed command of 
his ship on May 3, 1862, proceeding to join 
the West gulf blockading squadron. This 

vessel was soon found to be of little value for 
such duty, and was converted into a store ship 
and stationed at Key West. At his own re- 
quest, made some months before, he was 
relieved from the command of the St. Law- 
rence on April 14, 1863. On October 6, 1864, 
he received the notification of his promotion 
to the rank of commodore, his commission dat- 
ing back to January 2, 1863. October 6, 
1864, he was ordered to command of the 
Powhatan, of the North Atlantic squadron, 
and assumed command of that vessel on the 
fourteenth day of the same month. The Pow- 
hatan took a prominent part in the two attacks 
upon Fort Fisher, N. C, under command of 
Commodore Schenck, who, in these attacks, 
also commanded the third division of the 
North Atlantic squadron. In March, 1865, 
Commodore Schenck, still in command of the 
Powhatan, was ordered to proceed to Key 
West. Previous to the departure of the vessel 
from Hampton Roads, however, he applied to 
be relieved from command of the vessel, which 
was done upon his arrival at Key West, and 
he was placed upon waiting orders. In No- 
vember, 1865, he was ordered to command 
the naval station at Mound City, Ills., and in 
the following November was detached and 
placed on waiting orders. This was his last 
assignment to duty, and on June 11, 1869, 
having reached the age of sixty-two years, he 
was, in accordance with the law governing the 
navy, placed upon the retired list. July 18, 
1870, he was promoted to the rank of rear- 
admiral on the retired list, but to date from 
September, 1868, his promotion having been 
unjustly delayed by permitting another officer 
above him to remain on the active list-without 
warrant of law. Upon his retirement Admiral 
Schenck returned to Dayton, where he had for 
many years maintained a home, and here spent 
the remainder of his life, after having devoted 
upwards of forty-four years of it to the service 



of his country, most of which was spent on 
duty at sea. The death of Admiral Schenck 
occurred on December 21, 1882. 

Admiral Schenck was married at Smith- 
town, Long Island, N. Y., in 1S29, to Doro- 
thy Ann Smith, a descendant of Maj. Richard 
Smith, the patentee of Smithtown, Long 
Island. The issue of this marriage was as 
follows: Sarah Smith, Jane Findlay, Caspar 
and Woodhull Smith. 

During the years passed by Admiral Schenck 
in Dayton, after his retirement from active 
service, his home was the center of attraction 
for many of the city's most prominent men, 
who were drawn to him by those splendid 
qualities of mind and heart which marked him 
both as a fine public character and as a worthy 
private citizen. His personal characteristics 
of bluff speech and uncompromising directness 
of judgment only added strength to his rare 
social attributes. He was the true friend and 
beloved associate of many men of the later 

Dayton cherishes the memory of James 
Findlay Schenck, not only as a loyal servant 
of his country, but as a strong man, a good 
citizen and a valued factor in the social life of 
this community. 

\S~\ ANIEL C. LARKIN, chief of the fire 
I department of Dayton, was born in 
A^^J Sandusky, Erie county, Ohio, July 
29, 1849, an d is a son of Thomas 
Larkin, who was born in Connecticut. Thomas 
Larkin was one of six brothers who came west 
together in 1824, three of them settling in San- 
dusky, Ohio, the other three going further and 
locating in Detroit, Mich. Thomas Larkin 
was a locomotive engineer for more than thirty 
years, and lost his life in an accident, his loco- 
motive exploding June 5, 1875, about two 
miles from Sandusky. His wife was Ann Ryne, 

who was born in Ireland, and who came to 
the United States when a child, with her two 
sisters, and died in 1893. 

Daniel C. Larkin was reared in Sandusky, 
and received his education in the public schools 
of that city. After leaving school he learned 
the trade of a machinist, serving an appren- 
ticeship of three years. He then began firing 
a locomotive running between Sandusky and 
Dayton, being promoted to engineer three 
years later, his route lying between Sandusky 
and Dayton, on the C. , S. & C. railroad. For 
three years afterward he ran a locomotive on 
the C, C, C. & I. railroad, between Cincin- 
nati and Dayton. In 1875 he retired from 
the road and took charge of a number of teams 
in Dayton, doing draying for large firms in 
that city, continuing thus engaged until 1880, 
in which year he was appointed chief of the 
Dayton fire department, a position which he 
has held ever since. This was at the time of 
the organization of the present board of fire 

Mr. Larkin was married May 26, 1875, to 
Hannah A. Hartnett, of Dayton. This lady, 
a daughter of Morris and Julia (Hern) Hart- 
nett, natives of Ireland, was born in Dayton, 
Ohio, January 10, 1856, and has blessed her 
husband with seven children, viz.: Morris D., 
assistant secretary of the Dayton fire depart- 
ment; Thomas, a student of Saint Mary's insti- 
tute of Dayton; John, Alice, Helen, Francis 
and David. Mr. and Mrs. Larkin are mem- 
bers of Saint Joseph's church, and Mr. Larkin 
is a member of Iola lodge No. 83, Knights of 
Pythias, which was instituted March 24, 1875, 
and also of the society of Elks. 

A brief review of the growth and improve- 
ment of the Dayton fire department is appro- 
priate in this connection, as it is in point of 
fact, a history of the great success of the life 
of Mr. Larkin. When he took charge of the 
department in 1880 it had eleven horses, while 



now it has thirty-six. It then had six hose 
reels, and now has thirteen new, improved 
hose wagons. At that time it had two old en- 
gines, and now has four engines, two of which 
are new. It had then but one hook and lad- 
der truck, where now it has three. There 
were then only thirty-five fire alarm boxes, 
while to-day there are 122, with the Game- 
well fire-alarm system. In 1880 the depart- 
ment owned but 2,000 feet of good hose, and 
4,000 feet of that which was inferior. Now it 
has 25,000 feet of good hose. It had six en- 
gine houses, three of which were unfit for the 
service. Now it has twelve engine houses, 
nine of them new and of modern construction, 
and the appointments for quick hitching to the 
engines are complete, seconds being required 
now instead of minutes as then. At the time 
Mr. Larkin took charge there were eighteen reg- 
ular firemen, and thirteen subject to call; now 
there are seventy regular men and five call 
men. Many other improvements, which it 
would be tedious to enumerate, have been 
made and put in operation in the department, 
all tending to rapid and efficient service. In 
the first year Mr. Larkin had charge of the 
department there were sixty-five fires, and 
during the year 1895 there were 342. In 1875 
there were forty-six; in 1880, sixty-five; in 
1885, 103; in 1S90, 138; in 1895, 34 2 . an d in 
1896, 353- The citizens of Dayton are cer- 
tain that they have one of the best fire depart- 
ments in the country, the improvements in its 
equipment and administration being a source 
of great pride in the entire community. Mr. 
Larkin is treasurer of the International Fire 
Chiefs' association, having held this position 
for twelve years; and in 1895 he was made 
president of the Fire Chiefs' association of 
Ohio. He is likewise a member of the Great 
Britain Fire Brigade union, is president of the 
Firemen's Benevolent society, and secretary of 
the Firemen's Relief fund. 

Chief Larkin's personality is so closely 
identified in the public mind with the recog- 
nized excellence and efficiency of the fire de- 
partment, that it is impossible to discuss the 
latter without giving large praise to the man 
who has given the best years of his life in 
its service. 


'ILLIAM E. CRUME, vice-president 
and general manager of the western 
department of the Carter-Crume 
Manufacturing company, and a rep- 
resentative citizen of Dayton, is a native of 
Ohio, having been born at Collinsville, Butler 
county, on March 26, 1848. The ancestors of 
Mr. Crume came from Wales to America dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century 
and settled in Maryland, from which state his 
paternal great-grandfathers, Jesse Crume and 
Mathew Richardson, came to Ohio in 1802 and 
settled in Butler county. Jesse Crume shortly 
afterward removed to Kentucky, where he 
spent the balance of his life, while Mathew 
Richardson remained in Ohio and served in 
the state legislature in 1804 and 1806. The 
great-grandfathers of Mr. Crume on the mater- 
nal side were James Martin, a native of Mary- 
land, and David Steel, a native of Ireland. 
The paternal grandparents of Mr. Crume were 
John C. Crume, who came from Kentucky, his 
native state, to Hamilton county, Ohio, in 
1810, but returning to Kentucky, died therein 
1 81 5; and Sarah Richardson, who came with 
her parents from Maryland to Ohio in 1803. 
The maternal grandparents of Mr. Crume were 
David Steel, a native of Scotland, and Nancy 
Martin, a native of Ireland. The father of Mr. 
Crume was William H. Crume, who was a 
native of Kentucky. He came to Ohio about 
1830, locating in Butler county, where he lived 
many years. His death occurred in Dayton 
in 1882. 



William E. Crume was reared in Butler 
county, Ohio, where he resided until he en- 
listed in the late war, with the exception of 
two years spent at Muscatine, Iowa, where his 
parents removed in 1858. He attended the 
common schools, and secured a good English 
education, his school days being brought to a 
close by his enlistment when he was sixteen 
years of age, on May 1, 1864, in the 167th 
regiment of Ohio volunteer infantry. He was 
mustered out of this regiment in September of 
that year, and February 2, 1865, re-enlisted 
in the 184th regiment of Ohio volunteer in- 
fantry. He was mustered out of service at 
Nashville, Tenn., on October 3, 1865, with 
rank of corporal. Returning to Butler county 
he remained there until the following year, 
when he came to Dayton and learned the trade 
of carpentering and building with Andrew 
Slentz. He pursued that business until 1873, 
when he began the manufacture of wooden 
boxes, which proved very successful, and was, 
in fact, the foundation of the establishment 
with which he is at the present time connected. 
In 1877 he organized the firm of Aulabaugh, 
Crume & Co., the other members of which 
firm were P. M. Aulabaugh and J. W. Sefton. 
After the death of Mr. Aulabaugh in 1880, the 
firm became known as the Crume & Sefton 
Manufacturing company, which continued un- 
til 1893, when it was amalgamated with four 
other concerns, engaged in a like manufactur- 
ing business, and became the Carter-Crume 
company, with works at Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
Toronto, Canada, Saginaw, Mich., and Day- 
ton, Ohio, Mr. Crume holding the position of 
vice-president of the company and general 
manager of the western department of the 
same. Mr. Crume has other business inter- 
ests of importance, and is a director in the 
Fourth National bank. 

Politically, Mr. Crume has always been a 
member of the republican party, and has for 

years been active and prominent in its coun- 
cils. While his career has been a business one, 
and he has in no sense sought public office or 
political honor, yet he has been frequently rec- 
ognized by his party and fellow citizens. In 
1892 he was a delegate to the republican 
national convention at Minneapolis, and in 
1896 was a delegate to the republican national 
convention at St. Louis, and is usually a dele- 
gate to the county, district and state conven- 
tions of his party. In 1876 he was elected to 
the Dayton city council, re-elected in 1878 and 
1880, and was chosen vice-president of that 
body in 1881. He was appointed to a position 
on the board of police directors, of Dayton, in 
1892, for a term of four years, and in 1896 was 
re-appointed for another term of four years. In 
1894 and 1895 Mr. Crume was president of 
the board, where his services have been of 
great value to the city, as during his terms the 
existing efficient police department was in- 
augurated. Mr. Crume is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, being a Knight 
Templar and a Scottish rite Mason. 

Mr. Crume has long been recognized and 
considered one of Dayton's leading, progressive 
and representative citizens. As a man of large 
business affairs he has exhibited talents of more 
than the ordinary. The business with which he 
is connected and which has enjoyed so pros- 
perous a career, was originated and founded by 
him, and it was by his guiding hand that it 
was made successful. Personally, Mr. Crume 
is one of our most popular citizens, his genial- 
ity, progressive ideas, and liberal views winning 
him a large circle of friends and admirers. In 
the business world he ranks among the sub- 
stantial men of the city. 

On January 18, 1S70, Mr. Crume was mar- 
ried to Mary C. Slentz, who was born near 
Dayton, Ohio, and is a daughter of Andrew 
Slentz, who was a prominent contractor of the 
the city. To Mr. and Mrs. Crume the follow- 



ing children have been born: Enimi I., wife 
of John P. Lytle, of Dayton, Ohio; Lola H., 
wife of Harrie P. Clegg, of Dayton; William 
H., Roscoe A., and Eleanor J. 

^/^\ ICHARD P. BURKHARDT, presi- 

I ^T dent and manager of the Stomps— 

_^P Burkhardt company, Dayton, Ohio, 

was born in the grand duchy of 

Baden, Germany, October 28, 1845, and is a 

son of Joseph Anthony and Theresia (Ber- 

berich) Burkhardt, who came to America in 

1850, with their family of seven children, and 

settled in Dayton, where the mother died July 

9, 1869, and the father August 6, 1880, at the 

age of eighty-three years. 

Joseph Anthony Burkhardt descended from 
a family of business men who held sway for 
generations in Baden as prominent in their 
various callings. For a number of years 
Joseph A. Burkhardt was burgomaster of his 
native city, and on coming to this country fol- 
lowed his business in Dayton, from which bus- 
iness he retired, with a competency, in 1858. 
To Joseph Anthony Burkhardt and wife were 
born eight children, of whom the eldest, 
Frank Stephen, was the first to come to Amer- 
ica, leaving his parents and family of seven 
children to follow, and he still keeps his resi- 
dence in Dayton; Theresa, the second born, 
died in California, the wife of John Huberty; 
Gertrude is the widow of Joseph Burkhardt, 
deceased; August died in California; John V. 
also died in that state; Mary H. is the wife of 
Nicholas Sacksteder, of Dayton; Mark A. is a 
druggist of the same city, and Richard P. is 
the youngest born. 

Richard P. Burkhardt was in his fifth year 
when the family came to Dayton, and was 
educated in the parochial school and in Saint 
Mary's institute until twelve or thirteen years 
old, when he engaged as an errand boy in the 

cabinetmaker's union, at $1.25 per week, for 
one year; he was next apprenticed for two and 
one-half years at the cabinetmakers' trade, 
with Philip Haverstick; he then entered the 
employ of M. Ohmer, as clerk, and remained 
in that position until his employer's place of 
business was destroyed by fire, in May, 1869; 
he next traveled for a few months as an intro- 
ducer of a patent bed bottom, and for five 
months afterward was employed as clerk in 
the dry-goods store of H. V. Perrine. He then 
purchased the interest of Martin Brabec in the 
firm of G. Stomps Brothers & Company. One 
month later the firm name was changed to 
that of G. Stomps & Company, under which 
style business was carried on for twenty-one 
years, when, on January 1, 1890, it was merged 
into a joint stock concern under the title of 
the Stomps-Burkhardt company, Mr. Burk- 
hardt during the interval, having had charge of 
the general office work and finances of the 
firm. On the formation of the stock company 
Mr. Stomps was made its president, and Mr. 
Burkhardt vice-president and general manager; 
the year following this action Mr. Stomps was 
called from business cares by death, and Mr. 
Burkhardt became president; Gustave Stomps, 
vice-president and treasurer; J. M. Kramer, 
secretary; and R. P. Burkhardt, Jr., superin- 

When Mr. Burkhardt first became a mem- 
ber of this concern, its annual financial tran- 
sactions amounted to an average of $30,000; 
the business now done reaches from $250,000 
to $300,000 per year; the plant has a frontage 
of 200 feet on First street aside from the space 
allotted to warerooms, and the number of peo- 
ple employed is 235. The output of the firm 
reaches all points in the United States, Cana- 
da and Mexico, and the superiority of the 
wares is fully shown by the demand for them 
all over this extensive territory. 

The marriage of Richard P. Burkhardt 



took place November 21, 1871, with Miss 
Mary Adelaide Stomps, daughter of Gustav 
Stomps, and to this marriage were born six 
children, of whom one died in infancy; Richard 
P., Jr., is alluded to in a preceding paragraph; 
William M. is a traveling salesman in the 
factory of which his father is the head; Mary 
A., Catherine T. and Ellanore E. are at home 
with their father. Of these children, the eld- 
est, Richard P. , Jr. , was married, November 
21, 1894, to Miss Emma Bauman, and to this 
union has been born one child — R. Waldron. 
R. P. Burkhardt was bereft of his wife by 
death, May 12, 1893, she being then but little 
over thirty-nine years of age. She was a 
faithful Catholic in her religious faith and all 
the family are members of the same church. 
In politics Mr. Burkhardt is a true demo- 
crat, and was a member of the first board of 
tax commissioners of Dayton. He is what is 
usually called a self-made man in mercantile 
matters — in other words, his knowledge of 
trade and his natural astuteness, industry and 
honesty have led to his present business pros- 
perity; while he is honored and esteemed for 
his breadth of mind and public spirit, by the 
entire community wherein he has earned a 
well-merited success. 

living in retirement at No. 1 15 South 
Dudley street, Dayton, Ohio, was 
born near Boston, Mass., Septem- 
ber 13, 1830. His parents, Edward and 
Betty Martin, were also natives of Massachu- 
setts, and were respectively of German and 
Irish descent. The father died two months 
before the birth of our subject, and when the 
latter was but two years of age he was bereft 
of his mother. Of the four sons and three 
daughters born to Edward and Betty Martin, 

all are now deceased, excepting William H., 
and of the sons, who were all seafaring men, 
John was governor of one of the South sea 
jslands under the British crown at the time of 
his death, Joseph died on an East India island 
on a return trip from Egypt, and James was 
lost at sea; of the daughters, Elizabeth, wife 
of Capt. Thomas M. Fulton, sailed with her 
husband four times around the world and died 
in San Francisco, Cal. ; Mary E. was married to 
Edward Deering, and died in Portsmouth, N. 
H.; and Sarah, wife of a Mr. Mapes, died in 
Saint Louis, Mo. 

While yet a mere boy, William H. Martin 
ran away from his adopted home and followed 
the sea for two or three years as a cabin boy, 
but finally left his vessel at a seaport in Nova 
Scotia, where he attended school for two win- 
ters and worked at farming during the summer 
months. He then returned to Boston and at- 
tended night school for several years. In 1847 
he was employed by the Boston & Worcester 
Railroad company, and in 1850 went to Central 
America with a crew employed to construct the 
Panama railroad; six months later he returned 
north to New York, visited Boston, then again 
returned to New York, and at Delaware, that 
state, was employed on the New York & Erie 
railroad. In 185 1 he was made a conductor, a 
position he held nearly three years; in July, 
1853, he came to Cincinnati, Ohio, with Major 
Seymour; made his first visit to a slave state, 
Kentucky, but was dissatisfied, and returned to 
Cincinnati, where he entered the employ of the 
Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad com- 
pany. He located his home in Dayton, and 
continued with this company until 1881, hav- 
ing a leave of absence during the Civil war. 

On the night of April 14, 1861, Mr. Mar- 
tin signed enlistment papers, in Dayton, in 
the First Ohio volunteer infantry, and went at 
once to Columbus. He was soon appointed 
color-sergeant of his regiment, and carried the 



regimental flag through the three-months serv- 
ice, and saw active service at Vienna and Bull 
Run. In the latter battle he won his first pro- 
motion for gallant conduct on the battlefield. 
In the excitement of the struggle, when the 
Union troops were sorely pressed, the regiment 
became separated from its color-bearer, who 
had advanced nearer to the enemy than the re- 
mainder of his regiment. This fact was no- 
ticed and reported by the brigade staff of Gen. 
R. C. Schenck, and by order of President Lin- 
coln, Sergt. Martin was promoted to be assist- 
ant quartermaster-general of his brigade, and 
ordered to report to Gen. A. S. Piatt, com- 
manding the mountain department of Virginia. 
He was to rank as captain, but a year passed 
before he received official notice of this action. 
After a service of four months he received an 
honorable discharge. He was at once tendered 
the colonelcy of the Fourteenth Missouri, de- 
clined acceptance, but accepted the lieutenant- 
colonelcy of the Seventy-fifth Ohio; but this 
regiment was soon afterward consolidated with 
the Seventy-first Ohio, which left him a super- 
numerary, and he retired in January, 1862, and 
resumed his old place as conductor on the C, 
H. & D. road. 

But these were stirring times, and Col. 
Martin, in July, 1862, recruited company A, 
Ninety-third Ohio volunteer infantry, many 
enlistments being made with the distinct un- 
derstanding that Col. Martin should remain 
with his men. Two hours after his muster-in 
as captain of this company, he received his 
commission from President Lincoln, before no- 
ticed, for his gallant services on the battlefield 
of Bull Run, but this he was forced to decline, 
owing to the conditions on which his com- 
pany had been organized. The Ninety-third 
regiment was assigned to the Twentieth army 
corps, under Maj.-Gen. McCook, army of 
the Ohio, and was at the battle of Perry- 
ville, Ky., against Kirby Smith; was on the 

flank of the Union army at Dry Ridge, near 
near Harrodsburg; was next at Antioch church, 
Tenn.; next for two days at Triune, Tenn., 
fighting Hardee; next, at the battle of Stone 
river, where the regiment suffered severely — 
Capt. Martin acting as lieutenant-colonel, as he 
had indeed done almost from the beginning. 
Here he was shot through the body,aminie ball 
entering the left clavicle and passing out through 
the shoulder blade, barely missing the main 
artery of the neck. While being treated in hos- 
pital, Capt. Martin was promoted to major, in 
February, 1863, and to lieutenant-colonel in 
March; in April he returned to his regiment 
with his wound yet unhealed, which was aggra- 
vated by the exercise required in mounting and 
riding his horse; he was granted a furlough, 
however, which was extended until August, 
1863, when he rejoined his regiment. At the 
battle of Chickamauga, Col. Hiram Strong 
received a fatal wound, and Lieut. -Col. Martin 
assumed command of the regiment. While 
here leading a charge against a battery he 
was struck in the leg by a spent ball, which 
brought him to the ground, and this fall tore 
open the old wound; but he tenaciously com- 
manded his regiment until the battle was ended. 
It was found necessary to extract from the old 
wound twenty-four pieces of bone at different 
operations, and the Colonel, on two or three 
occasions, tendered his resignation, believing 
that he would never again be fit for service, 
but each resignation was peremptorily rejected. 
He was granted a leave of absence, however, 
and on his return to Dayton a consultation of 
Cincinnati and Dayton surgeons was held, re- 
sulting in the removal of fifteen splinters of 
bone from the wound at one time. Soon after 
this the Colonel again sent in his resignation, 
but, receiving no response for several months, 
he decided to return to the front, and while 
en route received, at Chattanooga, the accept- 
I ance of his resignation. In May, 1865, he was 

GU*^ H 



honored with a commission as brevet brigadier 

On returning to Dayton he was incapaci- 
tated, through his wounds, from engaging in 
any business for several months, but finally ac- 
cepted a position as government store-keeper 
at Dayton, and held the position for five years; 
in 1873 he was appointed chief of police, held 
the position two years, and then resigned. As 
a testimonial of the esteem in which their chief 
was held, the police force of Dayton presented 
the General with a fine gold-headed cane on his 
retirement. During all these years of varying 
fortune, his position on the Cincinnati, Hamil- 
ton & Dayton railroad was always open to 
him, and on the publication of a news item of 
his resignation as chief of police, the superin- 
tendent of the railroad company telegraphed 
him that his old train was ready for him; he 
thereupon resumed his former position, and re- 
mained on the road until 1881, as has already 
been stated. 

In 1 88 1 Gen. Martin went to northwest 
Minnesota, leaving a valuable home on Fifth 
street, Boston, which he still owns. He pur- 
chased a quantity of railroad land in Minne- 
sota, on which he resided until November, 
1895, when he returned to Dayton to pass the 
remainder of his life in retirement, although 
he still owns a fine farm in Minnesota. 

Gen. Martin was most happily united in 
marriagej at Dayton, in 1854, with Miss Hen- 
rietta Pierce Carpenter, whose parents settled 
in the city in 1813. Her father, Thomas G. 
Carpenter, was born in Pennsylvania in 1802, 
and was a builder by occupation; her mother, 
who bore the maiden name of Hannah E. 
Heitman, was a native of Maryland, born in 
1803. The only child born to the General and 
his wife, was named Frank P., and died No- 
vember 4, i860, at the age of five years, eight 
months and twenty days. 

Gen. Martin has taken all the degrees in 

the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and all 
the degrees in Masonry excepting the thirty- 
third; he still holds membership in lodge and 
chapter in Dayton and Cincinnati; is a mem- 
ber of Old Guard Post, G. A. R. ; of the Union 
Veteran Legion, and of the Ohio division of 
the Loyal Legion. The religious relations of 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin are with the Methodist 
Episcopal church. In politics Gen. Martin is 
an uncompromising republican, although in 
his earlier years he was a democrat, but found 
occasion to change his political views at the 
ballot box in 1852. Gen. Martin's courage 
upon the field, as well as at the head of the 
police department and in the discharge of his 
railroad duties, has been one of his marked 
characteristics; and his splendid services with 
Dayton's favorite regiment, the old Ninety- 
third, have always endeared him to the people of 
this city. He is held in the warmest regard by 
all who have watched his varied, but uniformly 
honorable, career. 

OSCAR F. DAVISSON, a prominent 
member of the Dayton bar, was born 
in Preble county, Ohio, on June 12, 
185 1, and is a son of Josiah and Han- 
nah (Foos) Davisson. 

His grandfather, also Josiah Davisson, was 
a pioneer of Preble county, whither he removed 
from Virginia in 1812, after having liberated a 
large number of slaves, then owned by him. 
He was a soldier of the Revolutionary war, and 
for gallant service upon the field of battle dur- 
ing that struggle was appointed sheriff of Rock- 
ingham county, Va. (then comprising all of 
what is now the state of West Virginia), by 
Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia. Mr. 
Davisson's death occurred in Preble county on 
September 9, 1825, in his eighty-first year. 

Jacob Foos, the maternal grandfather, was 
a native of Pennsylvania, and owned a farm near 



what is now Fairmount park, Philadelphia. 
He was an artilleryman during the Revolution. 
Some time before the twenties of this century 
he removed to Ohio, settling in Warren county, 
whence he removed to Preble county in 1822, 
dying in that county on August 7, 1842, in his 
sixty-first year. 

Josiah Davisson, father of Oscar F. , was 
born in Rockingham county, Va. , and came to 
Ohio in 18 12 with his parents. For many 
years he was a prominent citizen of Preble 
county, holding the office of justice of the 
peace for over thirty years. He was a man of 
more than ordinary attainments, having been 
given a good education, and for years was in a 
manner judicial officer for all the northern por- 
tion of his county. His death occurred in 1 863. 

The mother of Oscar F. was born near 
Waynesville, Warren county, Ohio, on Feb- 
ruary 13, 1 8 19, and removed with her parents 
to Preble county in her third year. She lived 
to the ripe age of seventy-seven years, five 
months and two days, her death occurring on 
July 15, 1896. She was one of the most 
widely known women in Preble county, and 
was an important factor in the development of 
that county. She was a strong character, and 
was always in the front rank of those advocat- 
ing needed reforms and improvements for the 
benefit of mankind. She was endowed by na- 
ture with a very high order of executive abil- 
ity, was a wise counselor, and eminently a 
woman of affairs. She was generous to the 
poor, and kind and sympathetic with those in 
distress. Her marriage occurred on May 12, 
1846, and she survived her husband almost 
thirty-three years, and left the following chil- 
dren: Francis M., Amelia E., Sarah A., all 
of Preble county, and Oscar F. and Dr. E. C, 
of Dayton. 

Oscar F. Davisson was reared on the farm 
in Preble county, where he attended the com- 
mon schools. In 1870 he entered the National 

normal at Lebanon, Ohio, and was there grad- 
uated in 1874. He then entered the law de- 
partment of the university of Michigan, at And 
Arbor. In 1875 he came to Dayton and en- 
tered the law office of Gunckel & Rowe as a 
student, and was admitted to the bar on Jan- 
uary 2, 1877. He remained with the above 
firm until the first of the following June, and 
then opened an office and engaged in the gen- 
eral practice of law by himself. From the 
beginning Mr. Davisson met with success in 
his profession, and year by year his practice 
grew until he took rank among the foremost 
attorneys of the city. His business is general 
and civil practice, and he is attorney for nu- 
merous important corporations. As a lawyer 
Mr. Davisson is able and thorough, strong in 
argument, resourceful and aggressive, and has 
met with unvarying success. As a citizen he 
is progressive and enterprising, and ready to 
lend his aid and endorsement to movements 
having for their object the improvement and 
benefit of the community. He is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has at- 
tained the thirty-second and knight templar 
degrees. In politics he is a republican, but is 
in no sense a partisan, and has never held nor 
sought public office. 

Mr. Davisson was married in Dayton on 
June 18, 1889, to Jessie M. Leach, who was 
born in Pittsburg, Pa., and is the daughter of 
Richard T. and Mary Ann Leach, residents of 
Dayton. The children of this marriage are 
Richard and Marian. 


ILLIAM L. CATEN, senior mem- 
ber of the firm known as the South- 
ern Ohio Coal company, in Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in Syracuse, N. Y. , 
August 29, 1 86 1, receiving his earlier educa- 
tion in Gloversville, Fulton county, in the 
same state, and graduated from the Saint Law- 



rence university, Canton, N. Y. , in the scien- 
tific course, in 1883. For a short time he 
was engaged in Goshen, Ind., in the lumber 
business, but in 1884 came to Dayton as the 
manager of the Southern Ohio Coal company, 
which corporation ceased to exist in 1892. 
Mr. Caten and his brother, Frederick, then 
purchased the business and are still conducting 
it under the old firm name, operating four 
places of business in the city, handling all vari- 
eties of fuel, and giving employment to forty 
men. In politics Mr. Caten is a republican. 

Frederick Caten, the junior partner, was 
born in Blossburg, Pa., May 21, 1866, and 
was educated at the Clinton Liberal institute, 
Fort Plain, N. Y.', from which he graduated, 
in the scientific course, in 1885. Immediately 
thereafter Mr. Caten came to Dayton and be- 
came associated with his brother in the South- 
ern Ohio Coal company, but in 1890 returned 
to Gloversville, N. Y., and was there engaged 
in the manufacture of glove leather for four 
years, when he disposed of his interest in the 
business and returned to Dayton to rejoin his 
brother William. 

Frederick Caten was united in marriage 
December 8, 1891, in Cortland, N. Y. , with 
Miss Anna B. Cordo, the union being blessed 
with one child — Mary Louise. 


ceased chaplain of the soldiers' 
home at Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
Philadelphia, Pa., May 12, 1828, 
and was the third son of George and Eliza 
Earnshaw, who had a family of seven sons and 
two daughters. 

William Earnshaw was carefully reared 
within the pale of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and his early years were passed in fit- 
ting himself for the ministry. At the age of 
twenty-five, in 1853, he joined the Baltimore 

conference and entered upon his duties as an 
itinerant minister, and for one year his first 
charge was at Warriors' Mark; the next two 
years he was stationed at Gettysburg, and the 
following two at Hancock, Md. His fourth 
charge was at Mercersburg, Pa. , for two years, 
and his last conference charge was at Ship- 
pensburg Station, Pa., in which he was en- 
tering on his second year, when he enlisted, 
April 16, 1 86 1, in response to the president's 
first call for volunteers. He was assigned to 
the Forty-ninth Pennsylvania infantry and em- 
ployed for several months in home guard duty, 
was then commissioned chaplain of his regi- 
ment, served until the close of the war, and 
thereafter continued his work of love and devo- 
tion until September, 1867. 

Chaplain's Earnshaw's service was first 
with the army of the Potomac, and he was 
present at the second battle of Bull Run, at 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettys- 
burg; but after the enemy was driven out of 
Pennsylvania and Maryland, he was transferred 
to the army of the Cumberland, where he 
served under Maj.-Gen. George H. Thomas, 
whose cordial friendship and support he earned 
by his untiring zeal in the performance of duty. 
While in the service Mr. Earnshaw was pres- 
ent, as a non-combatant, on nineteen battle 
fields, and, after the final surrender, was ap- 
pointed by Gen. Thomas as superintendent of 
cemeteries at Stone River and Nashville; sub- 
sequently this appointment was so enlarged as 
to include the national cemeteries at Fort 
Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth and Memphis. In 
the presence of thousands of unreconstructed 
rebels, and of women and children who were 
imbued with the idea that secession was just 
and the northern soldiers usurpers, this duty 
was most arduous; yet, in the face of insult and 
intimidation and personal danger, the bodies 
of 22,000 fallen Union soldiers were gathered 
from their shallow, temporary graves, decently 



interred, and carved headboards were placed 
at each grave — many, however, being marked 

About the time Mr. Earnshaw had com- 
pleted this serious task, the national military 
home was established near Columbus, Ohio, 
for which, from many applicants for the posi- 
tion, with strong credentials, Mr. Earnshaw 
was appointed chaplain on the sole recommen- 
dation of Gen. Thomes, which read, " This is 
the best chaplain I have known during the 
war." Mr. Earnshaw entered at once upon 
his duties, and when the home was transferred 
from Columbus to Dayton, continued as its 
chaplain, and was the only one known to over 
3,000 veterans who died and were buried under 
his ministrations. Hon. L. B. Gunckel has 
said that, after watching him for eighteen 
years, he is not sure "they could have made 
a better selection had they searched the whole 
army." But the exposures of camp and field, 
and nearly six years of hard labor, had left 
their impress upon the physical constitution of 
Mr. Earnshaw. A short respite — the first he 
had ever asked for — and a trip to the south 
afforded him temporary relief; but death finally 
claimed him on the afternoon of July 17, 1885, 
his last message being, "Tell the veterans I 
love them all." Grizzled old soldiers and 
youthful employees wept alike, as for a father, 
and they felt that no truer friend of mankind 
had ever lived. The funeral services were 
conducted at the home chapel, concluding with 
the Masonic ceremony of transferring the ring 
from father to son — William, the eldest son, 
being the heir to the emblem the father had so 
worthily worn for years. The remains were 
followed to their final resting place in Wood- 
land cemetery by a large number of citizens, 
soldiers, organizations and civil societies. For 
a time the home flags were displayed at half- 
mast, offices were closed and business entirely 

In the eulogy pronounced over his dead 
body it was said by the orator: "On the 
eighth of June last, it was my sad privilege to 
confer with him and to listen to his words of 
religious faith and hope. I repeat them for 
the comfort of his friends and for the honor of 
his Master. He said, ' Feeble as I am, it is 
not certain that I shall not recover, although 
I do not expect to. I wish to make all prac- 
ticable preparations for the event which I be- 
lieve is near. I am not alarmed about dying. 
I have not been as good as I should have 
been, but my hope is in the Lord Jesus Christ, 
who saved me in my boyhood and who has 
been with me ever since. He will not desert 
me now. Perhaps I am too cheerful and exu- 
berant about it. I have no fears whatever. 
The quiet, beautiful resting-place in Wood- 
land cemetery awaits me. I look back over 
my life with the peculiar satisfaction that I 
have been able to do something for my fellow- 
men and for Christ.' To his wife he said: 
' Dear mother, you were never willing to let me 
die; but can you give me up now? I am going 
— glory, giory. ' These were his last words." 

Chaplain Earnshaw was in appearance tall 
and graceful; of military pose and bearing, he 
looked rather more martial than ministerial; 
yet he never sank the minister into the soldier, 
nor lost the soldierly bearing in the minister. 
He was the soul of honor, truth and nobility, 
and in all undertakings was earnest, laborious 
and persistent. Eminent positions came to 
him unsought. He was grand chaplain of the 
National Grand Army of the Republic, and 
also its commander-in-chief, and was the first 
person below the rank of major-general to hold 
this office. He was also, as has been seen, 
eminent as a Mason, and was a member of 
several local organizations. 

Mrs. Margaret A. Earnshaw, widow of 
Chaplain William Earnshaw, D. D., was born 
at Warriors' Mark, Huntingdon county, Pa., 



January 28, 1833, and was educated in its 
public and private schools. Her parents, Ben- 
jamin and Rebecca (Wilson) Hutchison, were 
also natives of Huntingdon county, the father 
being a farmer, and both parents died at the 
family homestead in Warriors' Mark. The 
parents of Mrs. Earnshaw were of Irish and 
German descent; the father was accidentally 
killed at the age of fifty-eight years, while the 
mother lived to the advanced age of ninety 
years. Of their seven children, three are still 
living at this writing. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Earnshaw 
took place in Warriors' Mark, October 10, 
1855. From the opening of the Civil war 
until 1864, Mrs. Earnshaw lived under the 
parental roof, and then joined her husband at 
Murfreesboro, and for twenty-one days was 
shut up in the fortifications of that city. She 
remained at the south until the chaplain had 
completed his work, witnessed a number of 
battles, and then accompanied her husband to 
Ohio, occupying the chaplain's house, first at 
Columbus and then at Dayton, and encounter- 
ing her sad affliction at the latter place, as 
narrated above. To Mr. and Mrs. Earnshaw 
there were born five children, viz. : Minnie 
W. , wife of B. F. Hershey, of Dayton, a 
biography of whom will be found on another 
page; William B. , for the past eighteen years 
secretary of the Dayton Malleable Iron-works, 
and married to Miss Louise Stockstill, of Day- 
ton; Margaret H., married to Dr. Grube, a 
practicing physician of Greenville, 111. ; Fred- 
erick S., who died in his fifteenth year, an in- 
telligent lad of great promise; and Louis Put- 
nam, a practicing physician of Dayton. 

Mrs. Earnshaw is not altogether sectarian 
in her religious views, although she has been a 
life-long member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and her rectitude, beauty of character 
and warm impulses have won for her hundreds 
of sincere friends. 


I t^T D. D., pastor of the First Presby- 

P terian church of Dayton Ohio, was 

born in Baltimore, Md., April 2, 

1855, but was reared in Cannonsburg, Pa. 

Rev. Thomas B. Wilson, father of Rev. 
Maurice Emery, was a native of Cannonsburg, 
Pa., born November 17, 1822, and descended 
from good old ante-American Revolutionary 
families. The paternal grandfather of the Rev. 
Thomas B. Wilson was a native of London- 
derry, Ireland, and the maternal grand- 
mother, who bore the maiden name of Dill, 
descended from Col. Matthew Dill, of York 
county, Pa., a prominent hero of the war for 
American independence, and who traced his 
genealogy to Oliver Cromwell. Rev. Thomas 
B. Wilson was educated at Jefferson college 
and at the Western Theological seminary, and 
his first pastoral charge was that of the Sixth 
Presbyterian church of Pittsburg, Pa., his sec- 
ond, that of the Presbyterian church of Xenia, 
Ohio, and while here engaged in work of the 
ministry, he was taken sick, which caused his re- 
turn to Cannonsburg, Pa. , where he died in Sep- 
tember, 1858. His widow, who prior to mar- 
riage was Miss Margaret B. Sanders, survived 
him until August 31, 1895. She was a native of 
Gettysburg, Pa., and was a daughter of Maj. 
Jacob Sanders, a gallant officer of the war of 
1 8 12, a hero of Lundy's Lane, and an ardent 
friend of Gen. Winfield Scott. The children 
born to Rev. Thomas B. Wilson and wife were 
two in number, Rev. Maurice E. and Rev. 
Calvin Dill Wilson — the latter being the pres- 
ent pastor of the Franklin, Ohio, Presbyterian 
church. These brothers were educated in the 
same schools, and were classmates from the 
time of their entrance upon collegiate work 
until their graduation, so that a brief record of 
the educational course of one is equivalent to 
that of the other. 

Maurice Emery Wilson received his ele- 



mentary instructions in the public schools of 
Cannonsburg, Pa., and prepared for college in 
the Cannonsburg academy. He entered the 
sophomore class of Washington and Jefferson 
college at the age of eighteen years, graduated 
when twenty-one years old, and immediately 
entered the Western Theological seminary at 
Pittsburg, Pa., where he completed his three- 
years' course in April, 1879. In December of 
the latter year he was ordained to the minis- 
try of the Presbyterian church, having accepted 
a call to the pastorate of the church at Galli- 
polis, Ohio, where he remained two and one- 
half years. His next charge was at Emsworth, 
one of the suburban Presbyterian churches of 
Pittsburg, Pa., where he officiated very ac- 
ceptably for the same period of time, and was 
then called to the pastorate of Westminster 
church, of his native city, Baltimore, Md., 
where he gained celebrity as a pulpit orator 
and a profound interpreter of the Scriptures 
and remained over five years. In March, 
1890, Dr. Wilson was called to his present 
charge in Dayton, where he has established 
himself each year more firmly in the affection 
and esteem of his congregation and has added 
to his character for piety and devotion to the 
cause of religion, a high repute for that good 
citizenship which concerns itself in the every- 
day affairs and interests of the community. 

In June, 1879, Dr. Wilson was united in 
matrimony with Miss Fanny McCombs, who 
comes from two of the oldest and most prom- 
inent families of Washington, Pa., but now of 
Pittsburg. Miss McCombs was highly edu- 
cated in her girlhood and a graduate of Wash- 
ington seminary. The union of Rev. M. E. 
Wilson and wife has been blessed with one 
child only — Anna Quail, a young lady now un- 
der the instruction of private tutors. In his 
politics Mr. Wilson is independent of party 
control, but is a warm and earnest advocate of 
temperance; fraternally, he is a member of 

the Sons of the Revolution and also of the 
Royal Arcanum. The Wilson family have ever 
been eminent in literary pursuits and belles 
lettres generally as well as in the ministry and 
other spheres of usefulness. One, Rev. Dr. 
John R. Paxton, is now in Europe, seeking the 
restoration of his health which has been lost 
through over-exertion in the performance of 
his arduous professional duties, he having for 
many years been eminent as pastor of the 
West Presbyterian church of New York city; 
another member of the family, Prof. Samuel 
J. Wilson, D. D., LL D., was for twenty- 
five years professor of church history in the 
Western Theological seminary of Pittsburg, 
Pa., while the Dr. M. E. Wilson and his 
brother have edited and published a volume, 
entitled "Occasional Addresses and Sermons," 
delivered by this able and eloquent scholar. 

ceased, one of the ablest members of 
the Dayton bar, and one of the most 
prominent citizens of that city, was 
born at Lyme, N. H., on February 28, 1827, 
and was the son of George Murray Young and 
Sibel (Green) Young. 

He was of Scotch-Irish descent, his grand- 
father, Dr. Hugh Murray Young, having been 
an early Irish emigrant to Connecticut. 

His father, George Murray Young, was 
born in Litchfield county, Conn., on April 1, 
1802. He was educated at Exeter and Pough- 
keepsie academies, and then, learning the trade 
of a printer, carried on business for a time as 
a printer and publisher. In 1836 he married 
Sibel Green, daughter of Benjamin Green, 
of Lyme, N. H., and granddaughter of Col. 
Ebenezer Green, a Revolutionary soldier. 

In 1835 he moved with his family to Ohio, 
and located at Newark, where for ten years he 
was extensively engaged in mercantile pur- 




suits. In 1845 he went to Cincinnati, where 
for six years he carried on the produce and 
commission business. He came to Dayton in 
1851. He was elected mayor of this city in 
1854, and re-elected in 1855, and was subse- 
quently appointed United States commissioner, 
an office which he held until his death. His 
wife died in Dayton in 1865. 

He was grand worthy patriarch of the Sons 
of Temperance, when that order numbered 
30,000 in Ohio. In politics he was a whig, 
and subsequently a republican. During the 
war he was a stanch Union man. He was 
prominent member of the Presbyterian church, 
and was at all times, and in whatever commu- 
nity he resided, honored and respected for his 
integrity and strength of character. He died 
at Dayton on August 30, 1878. 

Edmond Stafford Young attended college 
at Granville, Ohio, and afterward at Cincin- 
nati, graduating from Farmers (afterwards 
Belmont) college near that city in 1845. 

At the latter institution he had among his 
school-mates ex-President Benjamin Harrison, 
Murat Halstead, and Hon. L. B. Gunckel, and 
the late Judge Henderson Elliott, of Dayton. 
He read law in the office of W. J. McKinney, 
of Dayton, and after a term of service in the 
office of the clerk of the court of Montgomery 
county, Ohio, graduated from the Cincinnati 
Law school, and was admitted to the bar in the 
year 1853. 

Mr. Young's professional partners were, 
successively, George W. Brown, Hon. D. A. 
Houk and Oscar M. Gottschall, with the latter 
of whom his partnership continued from 1866 
until 1879. In 1878 his eldest son, George R. 
Young, was admitted to the firm, which, under 
the name of Young, Gottschall & Young, con- 
tinued until the year 1879, when Mr. Gott- 
schall retired. Mr. Young and his son re- 
mained together in the practice under the firm 
name of Young & Young until his death in 1 888. 

In September, 1856, at Philadelphia, Pa., 
Mr. Young married Sarah B. Dechert, daugh- 
ter of Elijah Dechert, a prominent lawyer of 
Reading, Pa., and granddaughter of Judge 
Robert Porter of that city. 

Her mother, Mary Porter, was descended 
from Robert Porter, a native of Ireland, who 
landed at Londonderry, N. H., and afterwards 
purchased a farm in Montgomery county, Pa., 
where he took up his permanent residence. 
His most successful and prominent son (Mrs. 
Dechert's grandfather) was Gen. Andrew 
Porter, who'was born September 24, 1743, and 
served with distinction as an officer during 
the Revolutionary war. After its close he 
was commissioned major-general of militia in 
Pennsylvania, and was tendered the position of 
secretary of war by President Madison, but 
declined. His son, Judge Robert Porter, of 
Reading, Pa., was born January 10, 1768, and 
served during the latter part of the war of the 
Revolution as a lieutenant of artillery. Hav- 
ing entered the army with his father when but 
eleven years of age, he was perhaps the young- 
est soldier and officer of the war. 

In 1789 he was admitted to the bar at 
Philadelphia, and was afterwards appointed 
president judge of the Third judicial district 
of Pennsylvania, a position which he filled for 
over twenty-five years, when he resigned and 
retired to private life. Edmond S. Young was 
a strong Union man and an earnest supporter 
of President Lincoln's administration. He was 
appointed by Gov. Brough commissioner of 
the draft for Montgomery county, and made 
the largest draft of any in the state. He also 
served as a member of the military committee, 
and was identified with the organization of all 
the local companies raised in Dayton and its 
vicinity. He devoted much time and labor to 
the cause, and through his out-spoken and un- 
compromising efforts, was often exposed to 
much personal danger. 



Mr. Young was a member of the first non- 
partisan police board of Dayton, appointed in 
1 873, by which the present metropolitan po- 
lice system of that city was inaugurated. He 
was also one of the founders of the Dayton 
Bar association, now known as the Dayton 
Law Library association. 

During the course of his practice he was 
frequently urged to accept a judicial position, 
but declined. Upon the death of Judge W. 
W. Johnson in 1886 he was asked to become 
a candidate for his unexpired term upon the 
supreme bench; and without his knowledge a 
petition for his appointment, signed by the en- 
tire Dayton bar, was presented to Gov. 
Foraker. Learning of the movement, how- 
ever, Mr. Young, for personal reasons, declined 
to permit the use of his name. 

He was a member of the Ohio State Bar 
association, and also of the American Bar asso- 
ciation, and from a biographical sketch of him, 
which appears in the published proceedings of 
the latter organization, for the year 1888, we 
select the following extract, which is truthfully 
descriptive of him, both as a lawyer and as a 

Mr. Young was a man of striking physic- 
al appearance, and of marked mental charac- 
teristics. He was born to be a lawyer. His 
breadth of intellect, his strong, determined 
will, his sound, impartial judgment, his remark- 
able reasoning powers, his gift of nice and cor- 
rect discrimination, made up a mental organi- 
zation distinctively legal, while, at the same 
time, his large and well proportioned head, 
with its high, expansive forehead, set firmly 
on his broad, square shoulders, gave him a 
personal appearance in keeping with his mental 

He was a strong and pure type of that class 
of American lawyers, who, eschewing outside 
schemes for the promotion of wealth or per- 
sonal aggrandizement, devote to their profes- 
sion the full measure of their powers, and seek 
happiness in the conscientious discharge of 
their professional, domestic and civic duties. 

He died suddenly on the evening of Febru- 
ary 14, 1888, while still in the active practice 
of his profession, leaving his widow, two sons, 
and one daughter, Mary (since deceased), 

BOBERT I. CUMMIN, one of the solid 
and successful business men of Day- 
ton, was born in Liverpool, Perry 
county, Pa., July 7, 1845, and seven- 
teen years later came to this state, locating at 
Marion, where he spent three years in the dry- 
goods store of Johnson, Uhler & Company. 
After leaving that establishment, he secured a 
clerkship in the old store of Prugh & Rike, who 
were extensively engaged in the dry-goods busi- 
ness in Dayton. Two years were passed in this 
way, when his connection with the firm ter- 
minated by the formation of the house of D. L. 
Rike & Company, of which Mr. Cummin and 
S. E. Kumler were members. This firm carried 
on a most successful business for nearly thirty 
years, when the death of D. L. Rike caused a 
vacancy, which was soon afterward filled by 
his son, Frederick H. Rike. The firm of D. 
L. Rike & Company inaugurated a business 
career that has had a wonderful growth. At 
first they required the assistance of but two 
clerks; but their patronage has continually 
urged every advance that they have made, and 
has poured into their new and extensive estab- 
lishment in so marvelous a way that they are 
now giving employment to one hundred and 
forty clerks. During all these years Mr. Cum- 
min has been an indefatigable worker, alert to 
grasp every new and practical idea, and quick 
to utilize every scheme that promised to pro- 
mote his business or the public interests. He 
was the originator of the design on which the 
Rike Dry Goods company's new store building 
was erected, it being 1 50 x 80 feet in dimen- 
sions, and arranged with every convenience for 



the expeditious transaction of business, and 
being a model in its attractiveness and comfort 
to patrons. 

Mr. Cummin, while thus attending to the 
promotion of the business interests of his firm, 
has not been unmindful of his duty to the pub- 
lic as a citizen. He was a member of the 
company which constructed the Fifth street 
railroad in Dayton, and was for many years 
one of its directors and a factor in bringing 
about its success; he was also largely instru- 
mental in effecting the legislation which has 
made all the pikes of the county free to the 
use of the public without the imposition of 
tolls, and still finds time and energy to devote 
to the duties of chairman of the good roads 

Dr. William Cummin, father of Robert I. 
Cummin, was a native of Ireland, and his 
mother, Mary (Hart) Cummin, a native of 
Tuscarora valley, Pa., was also of Irish de- 
scent. The father was a physician of consid- 
erable ability and reputation. He acquired 
his medical learning in the schools of Edin- 
burg, Scotland ; Belfast institute, Ireland, and 
in Philadelphia, Pa. He practiced his profes- 
sion in Pennsylvania, and died in 1846, at the 
early age of forty-two. His widow long sur- 
vived him, dying in Williamsport, Pa. , at the 
advanced age of eighty-six. 

Robert I. Cummin had the benefit of a 
common-school education that terminated 
when only sixteen years of age. But he 
made the most of it, and has achieved a signal 
success in life. He is a member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church, and affiliates with 
the republican party in his political activities. 
He was married June 15, 1881, to Miss Ellen 
P. Church, daughter of Judge Gaylord Church, 
of Meadville, Pa. Four children, three sons 
and one daughter, have been born to them, of 
whom all are now living : Gaylord, Edith, 
Hart and Pearson. 

of the common pleas court of the 
second judicial district of Ohio, and a 
prominent member of the Dayton 
bar, was born in Zanesville, Ohio, and is the 
son of the late Rev. M. and Mary B. (Danna) 
Dustin. Rev. Dustin was a native of Oneida 
county, N. Y. , and was a lineal descendant of 
Hannah Dustin, who during the Indian war 
killed ten Indians with a tomahawk in order 
to preserve the lives of herself and child, after 
two children had already been killed by the 
savages. A monument has been erected to 
her memory on an island in the Merrimac river, 
the scene of the incident. The parents of Rev. 
Dustin came to Ohio during his youth and set- 
tled in Washington county, and it was there 
he was reared. He attended Marietta college, 
entered the ministry of the M. E. church, and 
for fifty years was in active work, first in the 
Ohio and then in the Cincinnati conference. 
He was especially prominent during the anti- 
slavery movement. In 1890 he retired from 
the ministry, and in 1893 removed to Dayton, 
and died in this city during the winter of 1896. 
His wife was born in Washington county, Ohio 
(a full account of her family appearing in Mun- 
sey's Magazine for November, 1896). Her fa- 
ther was William Danna, a son of Capt. Will- 
iam Danna, who was a pioneer of Ohio and an 
intimate friend of the Blennerhassetts, of Blen- 
nerhassett island fame, Capt. Danna having 
lived opposite that island. Five children were 
born to Rev. Dustin and wife, three of whom 
lived to reach maturity, all now being dead 
except the judge, and the mother having died 
during his youth. 

The early education of Judge Dustin was 
secured in the public schools. He attended 
Wesleyan university at Delaware and was 
graduated there at an early age. Following 
this he went west and taught in the Quincy, 
111., and Brookville, Ind., colleges. He read 



law with the firm of Boltin & Shauck, of Day- 
ton, the junior member of which firm is now 
on the supreme bench of Ohio. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar and engaged in practice in 
Dayton and continued until he was elected to 
the bench in November, 1895. During his 
early years Judge Dustin did considerable 
writing for the press. He was for some time 
an editorial writer for the Daily Journal of Day- 
ton. He also contributed to the Cincinnati 
Commercial Gazette, and during the existence 
of the Cincinnati Graphic, he was on that 
paper's editorial staff. He has traveled ex- 
tensively, having been to Europe on two differ- 
ent occasions and visiting all the countries 
reached by the great body of tourists. He has 
also visited Russia and Finland in Europe, old 
Mexico and Canada, and nearly every section 
of the United States. 

Judge Dustin served six or seven years as a 
member of the Dayton board of education, in 
whose work he took a deep interest. He was 
one of the founders of the Garfield republican 
club of Dayton, and was the first to sign the 
constitution of that organization. He took an 
active interest in the formation of the Ohio 
republican league, serving on the committee to 
draft a constitution for the same, and was a 
delegate to the convention held in New York 
city, which organized the national republican 
league. He is also a member of the different 
Masonic bodies and of the Dayton club. Early 
in his career Judge Dustin was married to Miss 
Alpha Hull Newkirk, of Connersville, Ind., 
who lived only a few years, dying without issue. 

y^^UGENE J. BARNEY, president of 
m I the Barney & Smith Manufacturing 

V_>4, company of Dayton, was born in that 
city on February 12, 1839. His ed- 
ucation was secured in the public schools and 
at Rochester university. In 1866 Mr. Barney 

purchased the interest of S. F. Woodsum in the 
Barney & Smith Car works. In a few years 
he became superintendent of the works, and 
upon the retirement of Mr. Smith was made 
vice-president and superintendent, and in 1880, 
upon the death of his father, was made presi- 
dent of the company. Mr. Barney is also pres- 
ident of the Dayton Manufacturing company, 
and president of the Cooper Hydraulic com- 
pany; and is also a director in the following: 
The Fourth National bank, the Union Safe 
Deposit and Trust company, the National Im- 
provement company, Dayton Street Railway 
company, Wisconsin Central Railroad com- 
pany, New York, Lake Erie & Western Rail- 
road company, Davis Sewing Machine com- 
pany, and other minor local institutions. 

Mr. Barney was married on February 12, 
1862, to Miss M. Belle Huffman, eldest daugh- 
ter of the late W. P. Huffman, of Dayton, and 
they are the parents of the following children: 
Mrs. Anna B. Gorman, Julia Barney (deceased), 
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Reynolds, and Eugene 
E. Barney (deceased). 

Mr. Barney is essentially a man of business 
affairs, and chiefly absorbed in the direction of 
the great manufacturing enterprise of which he 
is the head. His exceptional business qualifi- 
cations, largely inherited from his father, the 
late Eliam E. Barney, place him among the 
leaders in the financial and industrial life of the 
city of Dayton. 

S^%. EORGE W. HEATHMAN, one of the 

■ ^\ prominent business men of Dayton, 
^L^J was born in Dayton January 13, 1850. 
He is a son of Elias Heathman, who 
was a native of Findlay, Ohio, and removed 
to Dayton in 1844. Elias Heathman was a 
cabinetmaker by trade and followed that trade 
for many years. For some time he was en- 
gaged in the carriage business in Dayton, and 



• from about 1S51 to 1885 he was engaged in the 
livery business. Mr. Heathman was a man of 
integrity and highly respected. His death 
occurred in 1885. 

George W. Heathman was reared in Day- 
ton and was educated in the public schools. 
At the age of sixteen he entered the store of 
Van Ausdal, Harman & Co., where he remained 
from 1866 to November, 1869. In that year 
Charles W. Nickurn, George W. and Elias 
Heathman formed a firm then known as 
Nickum, Heathman &Co., with its location on 
Main street, for the purpose of manufacturing 
crackers, biscuits, etc. In the spring of 1870 
this firm removed to Second street, where they 
remained until 1872, when the style was 
changed to G. W. Heathman & Co., Mr. 
Nickum retiring. In 1875 the firm purchased 
a lot on the corner of Second and St. Clair 
streets, upon which they erected a three-story 
and basement brick building, 68 x 100 feet in 
size, which is equipped with a fifty-horse power 
engine and all machinery necessary to the car- 
rying on of a first-class business. The firm 
name of G. W. Heathman & Co. was used 
until the spring of 1890, when the business 
passed into the hands of the United States 
Baking company, of which Mr. Heathman was 
one of the organizers. He is also manager of 
the Dayton business. 

Mr. Heathman was married in 1872 to Ida 
M. Anderson, daughter of Benjamin F., of 
Dayton. Four children have been born to this 
union, as follows : Edward M., Frank B., 
Effie S. and Luella. 


ORRIS WOODHULL, proprietor of 
the Dayton Buggy and Carriage- 
works, and one of the representa- 
tive men of Dayton, Ohio, was 
born in New York city on December 1, 1842, 
and is a son of James and Hannah (Long- 

streth) Woodhull, the former a native of Long 
Island, N. Y., and the latter of New Jersey. 
The Woodhulls originally came from England, 
the first family of the name landing on Long 
Island in 1648, where they laid out the town 
of Setauket, purchasing the land from the In- 
dians, and for three generations a Woodhull 
was the king's magistrate on that island. One 
of the family, a cousin to James Woodhull, 
was mayor of New York city, and William 
Woodhull, grandfather of Morris, was a lead- 
ing merchant of that city in 1800. The grand- 
father of Mrs. James Woodhull was Gov. 
Lambert, of New Jersey. 

Morris Woodhull was reared and educated 
in New York city, and after graduating from 
the city schools entered the university of the 
City of New York. He came to Dayton in 
185S and took a position in his elder brother's 
seed and implement store, where he remained 
as clerk until 1869, when he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of L. & M. Woodhull. This 
firm conducted the seed and implement busi- 
ness until 1878, when they engaged in the 
manufacture of carriages, the partnership last- 
ing continuously for twenty-one years. In 
1890 Morris Woodhull purchased the entire 
interest of his brother Lambert, the firm was 
dissolved, and he became sole proprietor of 
the business. In 1878 Mr. Woodhull was one 
of the first to introduce into Ohio the manu- 
facture of carriages in a wholesale way, out- 
side of Columbus and Cincinnati, and the first 
to start in that line in Dayton and vicinity. 
The original shops were located on Kenton 
street, and were a part of the old Beaver & 
Butt buildings. The business was begun in a 
small way, the intention being to make a trial 
of 300 carriages for the first year. 

The demand for the firm's work was, how- 
ever, so great during the first year that 700 
instead of 300 vehicles were completed, to 
meet the orders. The shops remained on 



Kenton street for two years, and were then re- 
moved to the Dayton & Western shops, on 
West Fifth street, where they were continued 
until 1888, when the present large shops were 
completed at the junction of Fifth street and 
Home avenue. Here the class of work turned 
out is strictly high grade; but Mr. Woodhull, 
early recognizing that grade alone was insuf- 
ficient to insure large success, has, since the 
beginning, made a specialty of attractive and 
meritorious novelties. He successfully mark- 
eted the Woodhull side bar spring, which had 
a ready sale all over the United States, not 
only in the finished vehicle but in parts. Mr. 
Woodhull also invented, in 1890, the Perfec- 
tion jump seat surry, which was very success- 
ful and so popular that in the same year the 
sale amounted to 1,030. Each year he adds 
something new to his line. The year 1895 
was noteworthy in the Woodhull establish- 
ment, from the fact that he then introduced 
and marketed a new style of pleasure vehicle 
known as the trap. Mr. Woodhull's plant is 
one of the finest and most complete for man- 
ufacturing buggies and carriages in the state of 
Ohio, and is by far the largest in the city of 
Dayton. A bit of interesting history is at- 
tached to the ground upon which the plant is 
situated. The grandfather of Mr. Woodhull's 
wife, David Stout, an old Dayton merchant, 
owned 160 acres of land, some fifty years ago, 
a part of which was the ground above men- 
tioned. Desiring to sell the farm, Mr. Stout 
was compelled to cut it up into ten-acre tracts 
in order to realize the value of $19 per acre. 
In March, 1894, Mr. Woodhull sold to the 
City Railway company a piece of ground upon 
which the company's power plant now stands, 
containing less than one-third of an acre, which 
was a part of the original 160 acres,' for $15,- 
OOO cash — quite an increase in valuation in 
fifty years. 

Mr. Woodhull is vice-president for Ohio of 

the National Carriage Builders' association, 
chairman of the electric light committee of 
the board of trade, is a member of the Day- 
ton club and of the Present Day club. He is 
a ready writer and has contributed many in- 
teresting articles to the papers and delivered 
numerous addresses and short talks before va- 
rious conventions and bodies. Mr. Woodhull 
was married, May 23, 1872, to Mary Stout, 
daughter of Elias Stout, of Dayton, and to 
their marriage three sons have been born, as 
follows: Morris G., manager for his father of 
the New York repository of the Dayton Buggy 
works, at No. 366 Canal street, New York city; 
Roger S., a graduate of Yale college, and 
James R. , a student at the Dayton high school. 

**/^\ OBERT MURPHY NEVIN, a well- 
I /«^ known member of the Dayton bar 
W and senior member of the legal firm of 
Nevin & Kumler, was born in High- 
land county, Ohio, May 5, 1850. His ancestry 
on his father's side of the family came originally 
from the north of Ireland, in the vicinity of the 
Giant's Causeway, which, according to a myth- 
ical legend, was the commencement of a road 
to be constructed by giants across the channel 
to Scotland, projecting as it does from the 
northern coast of Antrim into the North chan- 
nel. The first of the name of Nevin to come 
to America settled in Lancaster county, Pa., 
in which locality the grandfather of Mr. Nevin 
was born; and whence he removed to Ohio at 
an early date. 

Robert Nevin, the father of Robert M., 
was born in Ross county, Ohio. He married 
Frances E. Eakin, who was born in Highland 
county, Ohio, and was the daughter of John 
Eakin, a native of Ireland, whose wife was 
Nancy Ross, a native of Manchester, Eng- 
land. Both parents of Mr. Nevin are now 
deceased. The postoffice called Nevin, in 



Highland county, was named after Mr. Nevin's 
father, who was the first postmaster there. 

Robert Murphy Nevin was reared in Hills- 
boro, in his native county, and secured a good 
English education in the public schools of that 
county and in the high school at Hillsboro. 
In the fall of 1864 he entered the freshman 
class of the Ohio Wesleyan university, at Dela- 
ware, Ohio, pursued a four-years' course, and 
graduated there in the summer of 1868. Im- 
mediately afterward he located in Dayton, and 
began reading law in the office of Thomas O. 
Lowe, who was soon afterward nominated and 
elected judge of the superior court of Mont- 
gomery county. Mr. Nevin then entered the 
office of Conover & Craighead, where he fin- 
ished reading law, and on May 10, 1871, five 
days after becoming of age, he was admitted to 
the bar. 

Mr. Nevin remained in the office of Con- 
over & Craighead until the spring of 1876, 
when he formed a partnership with Alvin W. 
Kumler, which partnership was terminated by 
the election of Mr. Kumler to the bench, and 
was the oldest continuous law partnership in 
Dayton at its dissolution. 

Mr. Nevin entered politics as a republican 
about twenty-five years ago, and has since then 
been both active and prominent in the councils 
of the party. During the past fifteen years he 
has attended as a delegate every republican 
state convention in Ohio, save one. He was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Montgomery 
county in the fall of 1S87, holding the office 
for one term of three years, and has served as 
chairman of the republican county committee of 
Montgomery county during many campaigns. 
Mr. Nevin was nominated for congress by the 
republican party in 1896, and after a heated 
campaign was defeated by a majority of 10 1 
votes. Mr. Nevin is an able lawyer and a 
sound politician. He is a Mason, Knight 
Templar and Scottish rite; an Odd Fellow, a 

Knight of Pythias and a member of the society 
of Elks. He was married November 7, 1871, 
to Emma Reasoner, of Dresden, Ohio, and to 
this marriage there have been born the follow- 
ing children: Moile B., Robert R. , Frances 
M. and Lurton Kumler. 

Mr. Nevin is strongly attached to his pro- 
fession, knowing that the law, as he has so 
often said, is a jealous mistress. His reputa- 
tion as an orator is recognized beyond the con- 
fines of his native state, while as a criminal 
lawyer, his thorough knowledge of that branch 
of practice, his marked ability in the trial of 
causes, and his eloquence as an advocate have 
earned for him a most prominent place at the 
Ohio bar. 

^^•AMUEL D. BEAR, member of the 
*^^KT Dayton city council from the Fourth 

K. J ward, was born in Cumberland coun- 
ty, Pa., May 27, 1840. Reared and 
educated in Cumberland county and receiving 
a good common-school education, he engaged 
in the nursery business in i860 and so contin- 
ued until 1866, when he made a tour through 
the western states. He located in Dayton, 
Ohio, in 1867, with the view of carrying on 
here the nursery business, and has ever since 
resided in this city. From the time of his 
arrival in Dayton until 1873 he was employed 
with the Heikes nurseries, and in this latter 
year he was one of the organizers of the com- 
pany bearing that name, of which he has 
served as president since 1878. Mr. Bear 
has always been a successful business man, 
and has won and retains the confidence of the 
business community. 

In 1869 he was married to Anna Rung, by 
whom he had two children, Alice A. and Nor- 
man R., both of whom are living at home. 
Mrs. Bear died in 1887. Norman R. Bear is 
draughtsman with the Stillwell & Bierce Co. 



Mr. Bear was first elected to the city coun- 
cil in 1876, from the Tenth ward, and in 1891 
he was elected from the Fourth ward, and was 
re-elected from the same ward in 1895, his 
present term expiring in 1897. Politically he 
is a republican. Mr. Bear is a man of strict 
business integrity, well known for his many 
excellent traits of genuine American citizen- 
ship, and has given both faithful and intelligent 
service to the city as its official servant. 

f\ EORGE R. YOUNG, senior member 
■ Cj\ of the legal firm of Young & Young, 
X^_^ and one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of the Dayton bar, was born in 
this city on October 2, 1857, and is the son of 
the late Edmond Stafford Young and Sarah 
(Dechert) Young. 

Mr. Young was educated in the Dayton 
public schools, graduating with honors from 
the Central high school in 1875. He was 
valedictorian of his class, and also received the 
gold medal for best scholarship. After taking 
an additional course from private tutors, he read 
law in the office of his father, until his admis- 
sion to the bar in April, 1S78. He was ad- 
mitted by the court (after passing on the ques- 
tion of his eligibility) some months before he 
reached his majority, and was probably at the 
time the youngest attorney in the state. 

Immediately after his admission to the bar, 
he was taken in as a member of his father's 
firm, which thereupon became Young, Gott- 
schall & Young, and subsequently Young & 
Young, as stated in the preceding sketch of E. 
S. Young. While absent in the east in 1 88 1 , Mr. 
Young was, without his solicitation or knowl- 
edge, nominated by the republican party for 
prosecuting attorney of Montgomery county. 
He made the race against a strong and popular 
candidate, and an adverse majority of over a 
thousand, but was defeated by only a few hun- 

dred votes. In 1885 he received the repub- 
lican nomination for city solicitor, but the city 
then being largely democratic, he was again 
defeated by a small majority. Since this time 
he has never been a candidate for political 
office, attending strictly to the practice of his 
profession, and giving it all his time and atten- 
tion, and he has met with marked and well 
merited success. He has taken a leading part 
in the trial of many important cases, and is 
recognized by the profession both as a sound 
and able lawyer, and as an advocate of superior 

In the fall of 1894, Mr. Young's name was 
suggested to the governor as a successor to 
Judge John A. Shauck, about to leave the cir- 
cuit for the supreme bench, and a petition for 
his appointment was circulated. This petition 
was signed by every member of the Dayton bar, 
save one, who, having already recommended 
another aspirant, wrote a personal letter with- 
drawing his support and endorsing Mr. Young. 
Owing to want of time, incase of appointment, 
to close up his private practice, Mr. Young sub- 
sequently withdrew from the contest. 

Mr. Young is a charter member of the Day- 
ton club. He was one of the founders of the 
Dayton Literary union, which flourished for 
many years, and was the first president of the 
present High School Alumni association. 

He has been for years a trustee, and is now 
vice-president of the Dayton Law Library asso- 
ciation, and is a member of the Ohio State and 
American Bar associations. 


March 2 
mond S. and 
cated in the 

ILLIAM H. YOUNG, junior mem- 
ber of the firm of Young & Young, 
and a well-known member of the 
Dayton bar, was born in Dayton on 
i860, and is the son of the late Ed- 
Sarah D. Young. He was edu- 
Dayton public schools. After 

v dkJh^ 



leaving the high school, he read law in the 
office of his father and brother. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1884, and upon the death 
of his father, in 1888, became a member of the 
present firm of Young & Young. 

Mr. Young is a republican in politics, and 
has usually taken an active part in campaign 
work. Although he has never held or sought 
political office, his name has frequently been 
mentioned in connection with the congres- 
sional nomination and with other honorable 
positions. He has attained quite a reputation 
for eloquence as a speaker, is an effective 
stumper and jury advocate, and holds an en- 
viable position at the bar as an able and suc- 
cessful lawyer. 

secretary and treasurer of the Beaver 
Soap company, of Dayton, Ohio, was 
born in Dayton, December 21, 1848. 
He is a son of Rev. Frederick and Martha Wil- 
son (Henderson) Snyder, both of whom are 
now deceased. The former was born in Lan- 
caster county, Pa., and was the son of George 
Snyder, who came to Ohio, locating in Dayton 
in 1 8 19. Rev. Frederick Snyder was educated 
in Columbia college, N. Y. , a non-sectarian 
institution of learning established in 1754, and 
•one of the best in the country. After leaving 
college he entered the ministry of the Baptist 
church, and from 1843 to 1850 was pastor of 
the First Baptist church in Dayton. He was 
also pastor of a church at Terre Haute, Ind., 
and of a church at Williamsburg, N. Y. , where 
he died in 1852. His life was given entirely 
to the ministry, and to thoroughly prepare 
himself for his work he took a course of study, 
after his marriage, at Rochester Theological 
seminary. His wife died in 1884, at the age 
•of sixty-three. They had a family of five chil- 
dren, two of whom died in infancy. The 

others are Elizabeth A., wife of E. R. Stillwell, 
of Dayton; Harriet A., wife of R. N. King, of 
Dayton, and Charles Frederick, the subject 
of this sketch. 

Charles Frederick Snyder was educated in 
the public schools, graduating from the high 
school of Dayton in 1867. He was then em- 
ployed in the Payne & Holden book store for 
eighteen months, afterward entering the serv- 
ice of the Stillwell & Bierce Manufacturing 
company as a mechanic. Promotion followed, 
and he entered the office of the company as 
bookkeeper, continuing in fhis capacity for five 
years, during which time he also traveled in 
the interest of his employers. He became en- 
gaged for himself, in 1874, in the manufacture 
of extension table slides, upon a small scale, 
on the lower hydraulic, between Third and 
Fourth streets, removing in 1881 to the Wood- 
sum Machine company's building, and in 1884 
to a three-story brick building on Monument 
avenue and the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton 
railroad, where he continued in the business 
until the fall of 1893, when he sold out to the 
Dayton Table Slide company. He had been 
unusually successful in this enterprise, having 
built it up from almost nothing to an industry 
employing from thirty-five to forty hands, and 
which required his whole attention. 

Having sold his table slide manufacturing 
business, Mr. Snyder became associated with 
the Beaver Soap Manufacturing company as 
its secretary and treasurer, and to the duties of 
this position he now devotes his entire time 
and energies. 

Mr. Snyder was married April 23, 1885, to 
Miss Mary L. Cooper, daughter of David 
Cooper, a native of Springfield. To this mar- 
riage there have been born two children, Lou- 
ise and Leslie. Mr. Snyder is a member of 
the First Baptist church of Dayton, and one 
of its trustees. 

In the social, church and business life of 



Dayton no citizen has won a surer place in the 
respect and confidence of the community than 
that achieved by Mr. Snyder. Upright and 
sincere in his business methods, and of a warm 
and genial nature, he has the faculty of making 
fast friends of a large circle of acquaintances. 

>-j i M. APPLETON, of Nos. 20 and 22 
M East Third street, Dayton, Ohio, is 
(9 J recognized as one of the most skilled 
artists in the state, and merits classifi- 
cation among the representative photographers 
of the Union. Mr. Appleton is a native son 
of Ohio, with whose history that of his family 
has been linked from the early pioneer days, 
while his lineage also goes back in American 
annals to the Revolutionary epoch and thence 
to stanch English and Scotch origin. He was 
born at Millersburg, Holmes county, Ohio, on 
the 3d of September, 1848, being the son of 
Samuel and Catherine (Morris) Appleton. The 
original American ancestor of the Appleton 
family emigrated hither from England early in 
the seventeenth century, and records extant 
show that he bore the name of Samuel and 
that he located in the state of Massachusetts, 
in which and in others of the eastern states the 
family has become a numerous one, its repre- 
sentatives having been principally identified 
with business pursuits of commercial character. 
The parents of our subject became residents of 
Ohio in an early day, and their marriage was 
consummated at Millersburg, Holmes county. 
The maternal ancestry of Mr. Appleton traces 
back to pure Scotch extraction, the line of de- 
scent being clearly defined in its connection 
with the royalty of Scotland. The Morris 
family has been long and closely identified with 
the history of New England. 

J. M. Appleton passed his boyhood days in 
the town where he was born, receiving his 
early education in the public and select schools 

of that place. At the age of fifteen years he 
became a clerk in a local drug store, and after 
acquiring quite a full knowledge of this busi- 
ness he severed his connection therewith and 
learned the painter's trade, in which he was 
engaged for some time. Prior to his majority 
he entered a photographic studio at Akron, 
Ohio, and there remained for a brief time, 
within which he had so thoroughly familiarized 
himself with the processes and details of the 
work that he returned to Millersburg and there 
opened a studio of his own, continuing the en- 
terprise successfully until the year 1876. In 
the centennial year he closed out his business 
in Millersburg and removed to Columbus, Ohio, 
becoming one of the leading photographers of 
the capital city and there successfully conduct- 
ing a studio until 1880, when he came to Day- 
ton, where he has ever since been located, 
conducting the leading studio of the city and 
doing all classes of photographic work, both 
in portraiture and commercial productions. 
He is a member of both the National and the 
Photographers' associations and has held the 
office of president of the national organization. 
A similar honor was tendered him by the state 
association, but he declined the position. 

Mr. Appleton was the projector and prime 
factor in the establishment of the Photographic 
Salon of Ohio, whose object is the advance- 
ment of photographic art and the education of 
those concerned therein. The productions of 
Mr. Appleton's finely equipped studio have 
been exhibited, on various occasions, in compe- 
tition with the work of the leading artists of 
the country, and the high artistic and technical 
merit of his work has gained him many medals 
at these exhibitions. He devotes his attention 
to high-grade work almost exclusively, and 
has been a persistent advocate of the profes- 
sional wisdom of maintaining a high standard of 
art rather than of establishing cheapness of 
price at the sacrifice of fine and effective work. 



He is progressive in his art and in his business 
methods, keeping in close touch with every ad- 
vance made in the field of photography, which 
is both a science and an art. His studio is 
supplied with the most approved mechanical 
appliances and accessories, while in the chem- 
ical manipulations every portion of the work 
is entrusted to competent hands. 

The marriage of Mr. Appleton was solem- 
nized in the year 1869, at Millersburg, when 
he was united to Miss Oellaw E. Courtney, 
daughter of William J. Courtney. Her family 
in the paternal line is of English descent, her 
grandfather having emigrated from the British 
Isles to America. Mr. and Mrs. Appleton are 
the parents of four children, as follows: 
Theresa, wife of Theodore Heinig, of Dayton; 
Katherine, wife of Harold C. Maltby, of this 
city; Margaret L. , at home; and William Court- 
ney, a graduate of the Dayton high-school, 
who is now preparing himself as a scientific 
and practical electrician at Rose Polytechnic 
school, Terre Haute, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Ap- 
pleton are members of the Central church of 
Christ, where Mr. Appleton renders efficient 
service on its official board. 

aHARLES A. LUCIUS, secretary and 
treasurer of the Bailey Soap com- 
pany, of Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
Philadelphia, Pa., April 12, 1S49, and 
is a son of Charles A. and Mary F. (Moser) 
Lucius, natives of Wurtemburg, Germany, 
who came to America prior to their marriage, 
which took place in Philadelphia in 1848. 
The father is now a resident of Kansas City, 
Mo., in which city the mother died in 1895, 
at the age of seventy-three years. They were 
the parents of five children, of whom three 
reached the years of maturity, viz: Charles 
A. ; Emma, Mrs. Eben, now residing in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. , and Henry A., of Kansas City, Mo. 

Charles A. Lucius, Sr. , father of our sub- 
ject, learned the trade of jeweler in his native 
land, and on coming to America was engaged 
in the manufacture of jewelry in Philadelphia 
for about ten years; he then went to Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, where he filled the position of fore- 
man in the jewelry factory of Duhme & Co., 
until his enlistment, at the second call for vol- 
unteers, in company F, Twenty-eighth Ohio 
volunteer infantry, of which he was at once 
elected lieutenant, and in which he served un- 
til after the battle of Cannifax Ferry, when he 
was honorably discharged because of disease 
contracted while in the service. He then re- 
sumed his position with Duhme & Co., but in 
1 869 went to New York, where he was engaged 
at his trade until 1880, when he went to Kan- 
sas City, where he is still working at the man- 
ufacture of jewelry. 

Charles A. Lucius, the younger, whose 
name introduces this biographical record, was 
educated in the public schools of Philadelphia 
and Cincinnati, and at the age of seventeen 
years entered upon an apprenticeship of two 
years with Duhme & Co., of the latter city; in 
1868 he entered the service of the Cincinnati, 
Hamilton & Dayton Railroad company as mes- 
senger, and passed through the intermediate po- 
sitions to that of chief clerk of the local freight 
department at Cincinnati in 1881. He then 
engaged in the commission business, and in 1883 
came to Dayton as line agent for the Canada 
Southern fast freight-line, remaining in that 
employ for about two years, when he returned 
to the C, H. & D., and served as assistant 
agent at Dayton until 1886. He was then ap- 
pointed superintendent of the weighing and in- 
spection bureau, in connection with which he 
was made the first superintendent of the car 
service bureau. In May, 1893, he resigned his 
connection with the railroad and took an active 
part in organizing the Bailey Soap company, 
of which he was elected secretary and treas- 



urer, and since then he has devoted his atten- 
tion solely to its interests and has been largely 
instrumental in advancing its prosperity. 

Mr. Lucius was united in marriage, in 1872, 
with Miss Emma B. Huff, a native of Cincin- 
nati, and daughter of John Huff. Since 1873 
Mr. Lucius has been a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church, and is now a trustee and 
steward of the Riverdale congregation, of 
which Mrs. Lucius is also a member. In pol- 
itics Mr. Lucius is a stalwart republican, and 
as a business man he is recognized as among 
the most enterprising in Dayton. He has a 
pleasant home at No. 62 1 North Main street, 
and he and his wife move in the highest circles 
of Dayton society. 

BOBERT R. DICKEY, president of 
the Dayton Gas Light & Coke com- 
pany, has been a citizen of the Gem 
City for over half a century, and for 
the greater part of that time has been closely 
identified with the business interests of the city. 
Mr. Dickey was born near Middletown. in Butler 
county, Ohio, on October 26, 18 16, and is the 
son of Adam and Mary (McKee) Dickey. Adam 
Dickey was a native cf county Antrim, Ireland, 
where he was born in 1768. He came to 
America in about [784, and located near Mc- 
Connellstown, Pa., where in the year 1790 he 
married Mary McKee, who was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and was second cousin to George 
Washington. In 1799 Adam Dickey, with his 
wife and three children, and in company with 
an uncle, whose name was Doyle, came to 
Ohio and settled at Cincinnati, then Fort 
Washington. They made the trip down the 
Ohio river in two flat boats built by Mr. Dickey, 
on which he brought two four-horse teams 
and two wagons. He lived in Cincinnati for 
four years and while there was joined by two 
brothers, who came over from Ireland. While 

in that place he was engaged in making brick, 
and the first brick house erected in Cincin- 
nati was built from brick made by Mr. 
Dickey. In 1803 he removed to Butler coun- 
ty, and settled near Middletown, where he 
engaged in farming, milling and distilling, 
building his own flat boats and shipping his 
produce to New Orleans markets. His death 
occurred in 1828, his wife surviving him until 

Robert R. Dickey was but eleven years of 
age when his father died. Although a success- 
ful man, his father, toward the close of his 
life, met with reverses through fires and other 
misfortunes, and left his family in poor circum- 
stances. Thus it was that at the above tender 
age the son was thrown upon his own resources 
and was compelled to begin the struggles of life 
at a time when he should have been at school. 
However, his lack of early schooling was com- 
pensated for by an experience with the world 
and with people, that stood him in good stead 
in afterlife. Following the death of his father 
young Dickey was employed in a brick yard, 
where he worked an average of fourteen hours 
a day, receiving the sum of $4.87 per month 
for his labor. Afterward he worked upon a farm 
for $5 per month. In 1830 he was employed 
upon the public works of Ohio and Indiana by 
his brothers, who were contractors, and at the 
age of seventeen was made superintendent of a 
large gang of men. In 1842 he located in Day- 
ton, and in connection with his two elder 
brothers — John and William — was engaged in 
quarrying stone until 1S53. In 1847 he was 
connected with the firm of Dickey, Doyle & 
Dickey in placing a line of packet boats on the 
Wabash & Erie canal, and later, under the 
firm name of Doyle & Dickey, he built the 
locks at St. Mary's and at Delphos. In 1845 
Mr. Dickey was one of the organizers of the 
Dayton bank, and was for several years one of 
its directors. In 1852 he became a partner in 



the Exchange bank with Messrs. Jonathan 
Harshman, Valentine Winters and J. R. 
Young. In 1853 he became one of the largest 
stockholders in the Dayton Gas Light & Coke 
company, of which he was elected president in 
1855. Three years later, ill health compelled 
his retirement from the presidency of the com- 
pany, though he continued as a director. At 
the annual election in 1880, however, Mr. 
Dickey was again chosen president of the com- 
pany and has held that office continuously up 
to and including the present time. During the 
years 1854-55-56 Mr. Dickey was president of 
the Dayton & Western Railroad company. He 
was one of the original stockholders of the 
Dayton National bank in 1865, and has been 
one of the directors of that concern since 1868. 
Since January 1, 1894, Mr. Dickey has been 
president of the Dayton Globe Iron works, 
one of the leading manufacturing institutions 
of the city. 

On June 17, 1850, Mr. Dickey was married 
to Martha J. Winters, who was born in Dayton 
and is descended from one of the leading pio- 
neer families of the city. Her father was Val- 
entine Winters, who was one of the most 
prominent citizens and successful financiers of 
the community during his life, and her grand- 
father was the Rev. Thomas Winters, a pio- 
neer minister of the Miami valley. To the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Dickey three sons have 
been born, as follows: William W. Dickey, 
born in 1852, died on July 15, 1S96; Val- 
entine Winters, born in 1855, died March 30, 
1890; Robert R. Dickey, Jr., the only survi- 
vor, is one of the prominent young business 
men of Dayton. 

Both in point of residence and in age Mr. 
Dickey is one of Dayton's oldest citizens. He 
is likewise one of the most prominent repre- 
sentative men of the city. During his resi- 
dence of fifty-five years he has witnessed the 
growth of the Gem City from a small place of 

about 6,000 people into one of the largest and 
most prosperous and beautiful cities in Ohio, 
and towards this growth and development he 
has contributed his full share. His life has. 
been a most active and successful one, and his 
efforts have all been made along lines that 
have proved of material benefit to the entire 
community, so that success to him has meant 
something to the city. His business career 
has been a most remarkable one and points a 
moral, demonstrating what can be accom- 
plished by man's efforts, energy and persever- 
ance when supported by native ability. Be- 
ginning life's battle at the age of eleven years, 
with no capital save his energy, pluck and 
determination to get on in life and better his 
condition, Mr. Dickey has succeeded in gain- 
ing a place in the very front rank among the 
leading and successful citizens of Dayton. All 
of this has been accomplished by his own un- 
aided efforts. As a financier, Mr. Dickey is 
considered one of the ablest and most saga- 
cious in the city. Shrewd and courageous, yet 
careful and conservative, his management of 
the affairs of the concerns of which he has 
been the head has been both strong and wise. 
As a citizen he has always discharged to the 
fullest extent the duties incumbent upon all 
good citizens. As a man he is kind and con- 
siderate, genial in disposition, with a desire to 
do justice to all men, and his many sterling 
traits of character have won for him a large 
circle of warm friends. 


I <*^ D. D., pastor of the Third street 

P Presbyterian church of Dayton, was 

born in Logan, Hocking county, Ohio, 

November 20, 1862, and is one of the most 

able young ecclesiastics of his denomination in 

the state. His parents, John W. and Ann 



Elizabeth (Fielding) Work, were born respect- 
ively in Lancaster, Ohio, in 1823, and West 
Chester, Pa. , in 183 1, were married in Lancaster 
in 1847, and became the parents of seven chil- 
dren, of whom four are still living, Edgar W. 
being the youngest. John W. Work was a mer- 
chant of Logan, where he passed all his life, 
and died in 1887, and where his widow still 
makes her home. 

Joseph Work, paternal grandfather of Rev. 
Edward W., was a native of county Donegal, 
Ireland, born about the year 1800, was of 
Scotch-Irish parentage, and in 18 19 came to 
the United States and settled in Lancaster, 
Ohio, where he was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits for the remainder of his life. Robert 
Fielding, the maternal grandfather, was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, was a hatter and mer- 
chant, and passed the latter part of his life in 
Lancaster, Ohio. 

Rev. Edgar Whittaker Work received his 
elementary education in the public schools of 
Logan, and in 1879 graduated from the high 
school of that city; he next passed a year in 
the pursuit of business and in private study, 
and in 1880 entered the university of Woos- 
ter, Ohio, where he pursued a philosophical 
course, and was graduated in 1884. Immedi- 
ately thereafter he entered Lane Theological 
seminary at Cincinnati, completed a full course, 
and graduated from that institution in May, 
1887; on June 7, 1S87, he was ordained to the 
ministry of the Presbyterian church, and at the 
same time was installed as pastor of the Pres- 
byterian church of Van Wert, Ohio; in the 
fall of 1890 he severed his connection with his 
congregation to accept a call to return to the 
university of Wooster and become professor 
of biblical instruction and apologetics, and, in 
conjunction therewith, to officiate as the pas- 
tor of the college church. In these capacities 
he acted until March 16, 1895, when he en- 
tered upon the pastorate of the Third street 

Presbyterian church of Dayton, his installment 
taking place April 23. This church has a mem- 
bership of about 500 of the most enlightened 
people of the city, and the edifice has a seat- 
ing capacity for between 800 and 900 persons. 
It is a fine stone building, erected at a primary 
cost of $100,000, which has been largely in- 
creased by the addition of a chapel, auditorium, 
etc., and has always been considered to be the 
handsomest church structure in western Ohio. 
The marriage of Rev. Dr. Work took place 
June 23, 1887, at Grafton, W. Va., to Miss 
Ellen Blair Wilson, a native of Pennsylvania 
and a daughter of Hon. Henry Stewart and 
Anna (Ennis) Wilson, who were also natives 
of the Keystone state, of Scotch-Irish descent, 
but who are at present residing at Parkersburg, 
W. Va. Hon. Henry Stewart Wilson was a 
lumberman in early life, and is now a very 
prominent man in democratic politics. Mrs. 
Work is a highly educated lady and a meet 
companion for her husband. Her early edu- 
cation was acquired at Harrisburg, Pa., sup- 
plemented by an attendance at the public 
schools of Grafton, W. Va., and completed at 
the university of Wooster, Ohio, where she 
formed the acquaintance of her husband. 
Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Work, the eldest of whom died in infancy. 
The two survivors, Edgar Wilson and John 
Stewart, are the pride and comfort of their 
parents. In politics Mr. Work is a republican, 
but is never hampered by party rule. Frater- 
nally he is a member of the Sigma Chi society 
of his alma mater, to which he has given 
many contributions that have embellished lit- 
erature. He is now a member of the Present 
Day club, of Dayton, a literary society of the 
highest character, and is an alumnus of the 
university of Wooster, and has, beside, the 
distinguished honor of being a member of the 
board of trustees of the Lane Theological 
seminary and of the university of Wooster. 



EON. JOHN L. H. FRANK, ex-judge 
of the probate court, Dayton. — This 
well-known attorney was born March 
31, 1837, in Nordhousene, county of 
Brackenheim, kingdom of Wuitemburg, Ger- 
many, and was the second in a family of five 
children, all of whom are now residents of this 
country. His parents were natives of Kalten- 
westen, on the Necker, Wurtemburg, but at 
the time of their marriage, in 1835, moved to 
Nordhousene, in the same county, where the 
judge's father became proprietor of the Wald- 
horn hotel. Subsequently they moved to Heil- 
bronn, on the Necker. Young Frank had an 
uncle and an aunt living in Leroy, Genesee 
county, N. Y., who requested him to come to 
America, and in March, 1852, when not yet 
fifteen years old, he started by steamboat 
down the Necker to the Rhine, thence through 
France by railroad to Havre de Grace, a sea- 
port in France, where he took passage for 
America. Travel in those days was not made 
easy as it is now, and the boy of fifteen had 
neither friend nor acquaintance on this long 
and strange journey; but he possessed a deter- 
mination to fight his own way through life, 
and this quality, thus early manifested, and 
joined with constant industry and rigid integ- 
rity, helped him in later years'to win success. 
Upon reaching his destination, young Frank 
soon became employed in the cultivation of 
fruit trees in his uncle's nursery, where he 
worked faithfully until 1855, when he removed 
to Rochester, continuing the same business at 
the Mount Hope nursery. The following year 
a branch of the Mount Hope nursery was es- 
tablished at Columbus, Ohio, and here he 
prosecuted his labors, attending at intervals 
Antioch college, at Yellow Springs, Ohio, until 
the summer of 1859. He being then in limited 
circumstances, a kind friend offered to lend 
him money to complete his studies, but, declin- 
ing the generous offer through fear of debt, he 

went to Missouri to work in the Herman nur- 
sery, where he was employed until the spring 
of 1861. 

At the first call for volunteers, he enlisted 
in company B, Fourth Missouri volunteer infan- 
try, in the three-months' service, but severe 
exposure brought on an attack of typhoid 
fever, and he was discharged in the fall of the 
same year. He soon after re-enlisted in the 
Tenth Illinois volunteer infantry, and although 
not perfectly recuperated, he stood the hard- 
ships of one campaign until the fall of 1862, 
when he was again discharged on account of 
physical disability. Judge Frank was soon after 
given a position in the quartermaster's office 
at Saint Louis, where he remained until 1864, 
using his spare moments in reading Black- 
stone and other elementary works furnished him 
by Judge Eaton. About a year after he had left 
Germany, his father died, and in a few years, 
he sent for his mother and the rest of the fam- 
ily, the former dying in Dayton, April 27, 
1877; two of his brothers and one sister reside 
in Dayton and one sister in Mattoon, 111. In 
1864 Judge Frank came to Dayton, where he 
continued his law studies under the tutorship 
of Craighead & Munger, making rapid prog- 
ress, and being admitted to the bar Septem- 
ber 2, 1867, when he at once opened an office 
and practiced his profession successfully for 
several years. He was married August 11, 
1873, to Mary Lutz, a native of Germany, 
who came to this country in childhood with her 
parents and grew to maturity in Dayton. Nine 
children have been the fruits of this union, five 
sons and four daughters, all but two of whom 
are living. 

Politically, the judge has always been a re- 
publican, and in the fall of 1875 was nominated 
and elected to the office of probate judge, 
commencing the duties of his office February 
14, 1876. In 1878 he was re-elected to 
that responsible position, which was one of 



the strongest possible indorsements of his 
official worth and integrity, in view of the 
fact that Montgomery county was then largely 
democratic. Since leaving the bench, Judge 
Frank has devoted himself to his profession, 
his business being largely an office practice, 
and his clients coming, in the main, from 
those of German descent. He ranks high 
among the safe and honorable practitioners 
of Dayton, and well deserves the confidence 
that is reposed in him. 

eLLIS JENNINGS, M. D., of Dayton, 
was born in Wilmington, Ohio, on 
the 29th of December, 1833, being 
the son of Alexander and Ruth (Tay- 
lor) Jennings, his lineage being traced through 
Scotch, Irish and English lines. He was born 
on a farm, and his preliminary education was 
secured in the district schools, after which he 
continued his studies in the high school at Troy, 
Ohio, and subsequently in Antioch college, at 
Yellow Springs, this state. In his early youth 
he had given clear definition to the course 
which he would pursue in life, deciding to 
adopt the medical profession, and with this 
end in view began his technical reading at an 
early age, continuing his studies for some time 
under the effective guidance of Dr. John D. 
Kemp, of Vandalia, Ohio. Later he matricu- 
lated in the Medical college of Ohio, where 
he graduated as a member of the class of 1862, 
having secured the degree of doctor of medi- 
cine, and thus equipped himself for the active 
practice of his profession. Not to this peace- 
ful work, however, was the young man to de- 
vote himself at the start, for a more impera- 
tive duty called, and the loyalty of his nature 
could not but heed the summons. 

In October, 1862, Dr. Jennings identified 
himself with the medical corps of the Union 
army, and continued in active service until 

June, 1865. He was first assigned to the posi- 
tion of assistant surgeon of the Fifth Iowa in- 
fantry, in which capacity he served until De- 
cember of the same year, when he was assigned 
to duty in hospital No. 2, at Nashville, Tenn., 
retaining this place until March, 1S65, when 
he was transferred to Camp Dennison, Ohio, 
where he remained until the close of the war. 
He was post surgeon in turn on the staffs of 
Gen. Noyes, Col. Warner and Col. Andrews, 
and in the exacting and onerous duties which 
fell to his lot he was found always at his post, 
ever faithful in rendering aid to the brave men 
who suffered from the injuries and diseases 
incident to war. 

Dr. Jennings came to Dayton soon after 
his discharge from the service, locating in this 
city in September, 1865, and entering vigor- 
ously upon the practice of his profession. He 
gained a distinctive prestige through his ability, 
his integrity of character and his deep sympa- 
thy with those in affliction, and his practice 
constantly broadened in scope; but he was not 
yet satisfied with his professional acquirements, 
and accordingly, in 1871, he went to Europe. 
During the winter passed abroad he gave his 
attention to the serious study of subjects per- 
tinent to medical science, securing the unex- 
celled advantages offered in the foreign hos- 
pitals and colleges. He then returned to Day- 
ton, which has ever since been his home and 
the scene of his earnest and fruitful professional 
endeavors. From 1870 until 1873 he was in 
partnership with Dr. Thomas L. Neal, their 
practice being of a general character, and since 
the dissolution of this association Dr. Jennings 
has devoted himself to the general practice of 
medicine and surgery. He is an honored 
member of the state Medical society and of 
the Montgomery county Medical society. 

In politics the doctor is a republican of the 
uncompromising sort. In his fraternal rela- 
tions he is identified with the I. O. O. F., being 



a member of Montgomery lodge No. 5, while 
he is also medical director of the National Ben- 
eficial association of this order, of Dayton. 
The doctor is thoroughly cosmopolitan in his 
tastes, and has been able to indulge these, 
having made a second trip to Europe in 1890, 
visiting the principal cities of the continent and 
divers other points of historical and local in- 
terest. In 1896 Dr. Jennings made his third 
trip abroad and spent two and a half months 
in visiting the Mediterranean ports, Egypt and 
the holy land. If the doctor has a hobby, it 
is the love of travel, and it is his intention, be- 
fore the close of the present century, to start 
on a trip around the world. 

Dr. Jennings has ever been a thorough and 
systematic student, and his intellectual horizon 
has been broadened to include far more than a 
knowledge of the literature of his profession, 
for he has been an indefatigable reader in 
general fields of knowledge and possesses a 
fund of information which cannot but be a 
source of constant satisfaction to him, as it is 
to those with whom he comes in contact in 
either a business or a social way. 

BRANK J. KUNKLE, general manager 
of the Dayton Ice Manufacturing & 
Cold Storage company, was born in 
Chambersburg, Montgomery county, 
Ohio, October 26, 1859. His father, John 
Kunkle, was born in Pennsylvania, and came 
to Ohio with his parents, who settled in Mont- 
gomery county, being among its pioneer fam- 
ilies. The father of John Kunkle was Jacob 
Kunkle, and as one of the early residents of 
this county he was well known and esteemed. 
Frank J. Kunkle passed his boyhood on the 
farm in Butler township, and received hisearly 
education in the public schools at Vandalia. 
At the age of eighteen years he entered Wit- 
tenberg college at Springfield, Ohio, remaining 

a student there for three years. After taking 
a commercial course at Cleveland, Ohio, he 
located at Dayton in 1881, and accepted a po- 
sition as bookkeeper with the firm of C. Wight 
& Son, lumber manufacturers, and remained 
with that firm until August, 1892. He then 
accepted the position of general manager of 
the Dayton Ice Manufacturing & Cold Stor- 
age company, which he still retains, having en- 
tire charge of that company's business affairs 
and property. 

Mr. Kunkle was married in October, 1886, 
in Johnsville, Montgomery county, to Miss 
Susie Furry of that place, and a daughter of 
David Furry. To this marriage there have 
been born two sons, John D. and Robert H. 
Mr. Kunkle is a member of Riverdale lodge, 
Knights of Pythias. He is vice-president and 
director in the Pioneer Tar Soap company, 
and director in the National Plant company, 
and is interested in real estate, having been 
active in building and selling houses, princi- 
pally in Riverdale. When he located in Day- 
ton he was without capital, but by careful and 
industrious management he has been success- 
ful in accumulating a competency, and ranks 
among the young business men of the city 
who have wrought out success through years 
of earnest endeavor. 

OREN BRITT BROWN, attorney at 
law, Dayton, Ohio, is a native of the 
Empire state, having been born at 
Jeddo, Orleans county, N. Y., on the 
22d of June, 1853, a son of Col. E. F. Brown, 
who held the commission as colonel of the 
Twenty-eighth New York regiment during the 
late war of the Rebellion, rendering valiant 
service in upholding the Union arms and pre- 
serving the integrity of the nation. Col. Brown 
removed to Dayton a few years after the close 
of the war, and was made the first governor of 



the soldiers' home, which important office he 
held from 1868 until 1S80. enjoying the respect 
and affection of the veterans over whose inter- 
ests he was thus placed in charge, and proving 
a most able and conscientious executive in 
directing the affairs of this great national insti- 
tution. That his services were held in high 
appreciation by the national government is 
manifest from the fact that he is now an in- 
spector general of the national soldiers' homes 
of the Union, maintaining his headquarters at 
Hartford, Conn. The maiden name of our 
subject's mother was Elizabeth Britt. 

Oren Britt Brown was born on a farm, and 
his early education was secured in the public 
schools at Medina, N. Y. , where he remained 
until the time of his parents' removal to Day- 
ton, in April, 1869. Here he was a student 
in the high school until 1871, when he entered 
Dennison university, at Granville, Ohio, where 
he continued his studies until January, 1874. 
He then entered Princeton college, N. J., 
graduating from this celebrated institution as 
a member of the class of the Centennial year, 
1876, having completed a thorough classical 
course. Thus fortified in a theoretical way for 
the duties of life, he returned to his home in 
Dayton and began the work of practical and 
technical preparation. In September of the 
year mentioned he entered the office of 
Gunckel & Rowe, prominent attorneys of this 
city, and under their effective guidance con- 
tinued the reading of law for two years, and 
was admitted to the bar in September, 1878. 
He remained with his preceptors for one year, 
after which he established an individual prac- 
tice, conducting a successful business until 
1 88 1, when, as the candidate of the republican 
party, he was elected to the office of county 
clerk of Montgomery county, assuming the 
duties of this position in February, 1882. He 
served for one term of three years, having 
proved a most acceptable and efficient incum- 

bent, and then declined to become a candidate 
for re-election, having determined to resume 
the practice of his profession, in which he was 
already enjoying a marked prestige. On the 
9th of February, 1885, he entered into a pro- 
fessional alliance with Oscar M. Gottschall, 
under the firm title of Gottschall & Brown, and 
this association continued until January 1, 

1895, when the firm was changed by the ad- 
mission of Ira Crawford, Jr., to partnership, 
whereupon the title of Gottschall, Brown & 
Crawford was adopted. This firm holds a 
prominent place among the leading legal prac- 
titioners of the county, having been retained in 
much of the important litigation that has come 
before the courts of this and adjoining counties, 
as well as in the state courts. 

Mr. Brown is uncompromising in his advo- 
cacy of the principles and policies advanced by 
the republican party, and he has been promi- 
nent in the councils of the same in Montgom- 
ery county. He was a delegate from the Day- 
ton district to the national republican con- 
vention at Chicago in 1888, when Harrison 
was nominated for the presidency. He was a 
member of the Dayton board of elections, hav- 
ing been one of the republican representatives 
thereon from the time of the formation of the 
board until he went upon the bench. He vvas 
nominated for judge of the third subdivision, 
Second district, in the spring of 1896, and after 
the death of Judge Henderson Elliott, in July, 

1896, he was appointed his successor, having 
already been nominated by his party. He was 
elected in the fall of 1896, and entered upon 
his term of five years on the third Monday of 
November, 1897. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1883, was celebrated 
the marriage of Judge Brown to Miss Jeannette 
Gebhart, daughter of Simon Gebhart, one of 
the old and honored citizens of Dayton. In 
his fraternal relations Judge Brown is promi- 
nently identified with the Masonic order, being 



a Knight Templar and having attained the 
thirty-second degree of the Scottish rite. He 
is also a member of the Knights of Pythias, the 
Royal Arcanum and the Dayton club, enjoying 
a marked popularity in professional, business 
and social circles. 

>-j'ACOB LINXWEILER, Jr., who has 
■ long been active in a field of enterprise 
/• J which contributes in a large degree to 
the prosperity of any community or 
section — that corporate use of capital whose 
object is to furnish indemnity against loss by 
fire — occupies a distinctly representative posi- 
tion among the business men of Dayton, Ohio, 
and for this reason, as well as that of his char- 
acter as an enterprising and public-spirited 
citizen, it is eminently fitting that he be ac- 
corded due recognition in a biographical rec- 
ord of this community. Mr. Linxweiler is 
secretary of that stanch organization, the Teu- 
tonic Fire Insurance company, and holds offi- 
cial position in connection with municipal 
affairs, being at this time the mayor of the city 
of Dayton. 

Mr. Linxweiler is a native -of the city in 
which he has won his way to success and 
honor. The date of his birth was January 22, 
1843, his parents being Jacob and Caroline 
(Heinz) Linxweiler, both of whom were born 
in Rhenish Bavaria, and were among the early 
settlers in Dayton. Jacob Linxweiler, Sr. , 
emigrated to the United States in the summer 
of 1840, and for a few weeks after his arrival 
here was employed on a farm near Niagara 
Falls, Canada. In August of the same year he 
came to Dayton, which has ever since been his 
home and where he is held in highest esteem 
as one of the honored patriarchs of the city. 
Animated by a strong will, industrious and re- 
sourceful, Mr. Linxweiler was not slow in 
proving his power to attain a due measure of 

success in the land of his adoption. He was 
for a time engaged in the bakery and grocery 
trade in Dayton, and later became actively in- 
terested in horticultural enterprises in Mont- 
gomery county, gaining a wide reputation in 
that important field. He was one of the lead- 
ing members of the horticultural society, and 
a generally recognized authority in this direc- 
tion. He retired from active business in 1869. 
His cherished and devoted wife died in 1868. 
She had been an earnest member of the Ger- 
man Lutheran church, and her character was 
one of signal purity and beauty. 

Jacob Linxweiler, Jr., was reared in Day- 
ton, receiving a good common-school educa- 
tion and profiting by the influences of a refined 
and pleasant home. After leaving school he 
secured a position as clerk in a wholesale no- 
tion house in Dayton, and in 1863 he enlisted 
in the 100-days' service as a member of Col. 
John G. Lowe's regiment, the One Hundred 
and Thirty-first Ohio volunteer infantry, serv- 
ing his term and being on garrison duty at 
Baltimore, Md., during the greater portion of 
the time. After the close of the war he re- 
turned to Dayton and entered Greer's com- 
mercial college, where he completed a course 
of study, after which he accepted the position 
of bookkeeper for T. Parrott & Sons, manu- 
facturers of linseed oil, remaining in their 
employ until May, 1867. Mr. Linxweiler was 
then elected secretary of the Teutonic Fire In- 
surance company, which office he has since 
continuously retained, his well-directed efforts 
and marked executive abilitv having been 
large factors in so shaping the policy of the 
company that it to-day stands as one of the 
strongest and most popular insurance organi- 
zations in the entire west. 

Mr. Linxweiler has been prominent in 
Dayton's municipal affairs for a number of 
years, having ever stood ready to do all in his 
power to further its prosperity and substantial 



upbuilding. In 1874 he was elected a member 
of the board of education, as representative of 
the Sixth ward, being the candidate on the 
democratic ticket and receiving a majority of 
140 votes in a ward distinctively republican in 
its political complexion — the average repub- 
lican majority therein having been 120 in the 
same election. He served in this capacity for 
one term of two years, when he declined again 
to become a candidate for the office. He was 
the second member of the finance committee 
and its acting chairman during his term. When 
the fire department of Dayton was reorganized 
in 1 88 1, Mr. Linxweiler was appointed a mem- 
ber of the fire board, and took an active part 
in the reorganization of the department, doing 
much to bring it to its present high standard of 
efficiency. He was a member of the board for 
about three years. In 18S4 he was appointed 
by Gov. Hoadly as a member of the board of 
trustees of the southern Ohio asylum for the 
insane, in which capacity he served for five 
years. In 1891 he was elected a member of 
the city board of waterworks trustees, being 
his own successor in 1893, m which year he 
served as president. In his first election to 
this board he ran nearly 700 votes ahead of 
his ticket — a fact which furnished marked evi- 
dence of the confidence reposed in him and of 
his great popularity. At the time of his re- 
election the remainder of the ticket, with the 
exception of Mayor McMillen, was defeated, 
the republican majority ranging between fifty 
and 100, while Mr. Linxweiler's majority was 
over 400 votes. He has been a stanch sup- 
porter of the democratic party, and has done 
much to advance its local interests. In his 
fraternal relations he is identified with Steuben 
lodge, I. O. O. F., of which he is a charter 
member, and with the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, being also a member of the board of 
trustees of the Old Guard post, G. A. R. He 
has also been, for many years past, an influen- 

tial member and an an officer of the Dayton 
Turngemeinde, an organization for physical- 

In February, 1867, Mr. Linxweiler was- 
united in marriage to Miss Bertha Zimmer- 
mann, of Cincinnati, and they became the par- 
ents of five children, namely: Elmer, who is- 
now engaged in horticultural pursuits in south- 
ern Georgia; George, who is a clerk in the office 
of the Teutonic Fire Insurance company; Ed- 
mund, a clerk in the office of the Seybold 
Machine company; and Cora and Otto, both. 
now living at the parental home. 

Mr. Linxweiler was elected mayor of the 
city of Dayton in the spring of 1896, for a term 
of two years, by a plurality of nine votes over 
his republican opponent. He and Ben. B. 
Childs, democratic candidate for trustee of 
the water works, were the only democrats 
elected, the republican candidates for the other 
offices being elected by majorities of from four 
hundred to five hundred votes. Mr. Linx- 
weiler resigned the office of water works trus- 
tee at the request of many citizens, who de- 
sired that his superior executive ability, 
strength of will and sound judgment should be 
utilized in the discharge of the more important 
duties of the mayoralty. In that responsible 
office he has already given evidence of peculiar 
qualities of fitness for the exercise of the ap- 
pointive power which the existing form of city 
government vests in the mayor, and has gained 
friends among all classes and in all parties by 
his faithful and conscientious administration 
of an honorable and responsible civic trust. 

X-^EORGE GOODHUE, M. D., one of 
■ (j\ the leading physicians and surgeons 

\^^J of Dayton, Ohio, was born in West 

Westminster, Vt., May 24, 1853. 

Reared upon the farm he attended the district 

school until he was sixteen years old, when he 



entered the preparatory department of Carle- 
ton college, at Northfield, Minn., and there 
took a three-years' course, with the view of 
entering Dartmouth college, in which he took 
a four-years' course, graduating in the class of 
1876. After this he taught school for two 
years as professor of Greek and physics in 
Miami college, Oxford, Ohio. Having deter- 
mined to follow the profession of medicine he 
entered the office of Dr. John Davis, of Day- 
ton, now deceased. His first course of lectures 
was taken at the college of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city, and his second at 
the medical department of Dartmouth college, 
graduating from the latter institution in 1879. 
He then entered the university of New York, 
from which institution he graduated in March, 
1880. Having previously secured a position in 
the Brooklyn city hospital, he held this posi- 
tion for one year, and thereafter spent three 
months in the Manhattan Eye and Ear hospi- 
tal. Being thus thoroughly equipped for suc- 
cessful work in medicine and surgery, he re- 
turned to Dayton and entered into partnership 
with his former preceptor, Dr. John Davis, 
with whom he was associated until the death 
of Dr. Davis, which occurred June 10, 1883. 
Since that time he has carried on his practice 
alone, with the exception of some two and a 
half years, when he was associated with a 
nephew of Dr. Davis. While his practice is 
general, yet Dr. Goodhue gives considerable 
attention to diseases of the eye and ear, and 
also to surgery, the latter being his preference. 

Dr. Goodhue is a member of the Montgom- 
ery county Medical society, and also of the 
Ohio state Medical association. He is ac- 
knowledged as one of the progressive physicians 
■of the city, ranking among the foremost in 
both skill and success, and his practice is, as a 
consequence, unusually extensive. 

Dr. Goodhue has, however, in the past, 
given some attention to the business interests 

of Dayton, has aided many enterprises, and is 
a stockholder in several of the prosperous con- 
cerns of the city. He is a member of Dayton 
lodge No. 147, F. & A. M., a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, and a member of the Mystic 
Shrine. He was married at Terre Haute, Ind. , 
to Miss Rose E. Kendall, and both he and his 
wife attend the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Dr. Goodhue is of English ancestry, being 
the seventh in direct descent from William 
Goodhue. He is a son of Horace and Clarissa 
(Braley) Goodhue, both of whom died in Ver- 
mont. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren, the doctor being the youngest of the 
family, and the only one living in Ohio. He 
has two brothers and one sister living, viz: 
Horace, professor of Greek in Carleton college, 
Minn. ; Harlan, a farmer of Vermont, and 
Electa, also living in Vermont. 

Dr. Goodhue is, at the present time, sur- 
geon of the Panhandle railroad company at 
Dayton, and at different times has held the 
same position with all the railroads entering 
Dayton. He has also been surgeon of the 
Deaconess hospital ever since its foundation, 
and in 1890 was president of the Montgomery 
county Medical society. 

^yy»ILLIAM WEBSTER, M. D., de- 
M M ceased, who for many years was one 

III ofthi leading citi ens and physicians 
of Dayton, was born in Butler coun- 
ty, Ohio, January 12, 1827, and was of Welsh 
descent. He was reared to agricultural pur- 
suits in Butler county, in the rich Miami val- 
ley. In his fourteenth year he entered the 
Monroe academy for the purpose of preparing 
for admission to the Ohio Wesleyan university 
at Delaware, Ohio, where he studied during 
the years 1845 and 1846. He then entered 
Farmers college, near Cincinnati, graduat- 
ing in 1848 with honor. Inheriting from his 



father a taste for medical studies, he devoted 
his senior year's leisure moments to reading 
medical works, with a view to entering a med- 
ical college, and did enter the Eclectic Medical 
institute at Cincinnati, from which institution 
he was graduated in 185 1. 

Prior to his graduation, on account of the 
spread of cholera in this country, he opened 
an office in Middletown, Ohio, and at once 
entered upon a busy practice, but upon the dis- 
appearance of the epidemic he closed his office, 
returned to college and graduated as above 
narrated. At first he practiced according to 
the principles of the regular school of medicine, 
or what is generally called allopathic treat- 
ment; but during his last term of attendance 
at the Eclectic college the faculty employed Dr. 
Storm Ross, of Painesville, Ohio, to deliver a 
course of lectures on homeopathy, a new the- 
ory of medicine at that time in Ohio, the re- 
sult being the conversion of nearly all the fac- 
ulty and class to the new system. Dr. Web- 
ster made a trial of this new system of medi- 
cine, and after a year or two of practice of 
allopathy, and of investigation and experiment- 
ing with homeopathy, he finally dropped the 
former system and from that time on followed 
the principles of homeopathy during his entire 
professional life. After seven years of practice 
in Middletown, he removed with his family to 
Dayton, Ohio, and remained a citizen of Day- 
ton until his death, which event occurred May 
19, 1894. 

Immediately after locating in Dayton he 
male himself felt in the medical world, being 
one of the organizers of the Miami valley 
Homeopathic society, and was officially con- 
nected therewith for many years. He served 
as secretary and president of the Ohio state 
Homeopathic Medical society for many years, 
and was also connected with the American In- 
stitute of Homeopathy, beside being well 
known as a contributor to the leading homeo- 

pathic journals. He carefully avoided all of- 
ficial positions, excepting such as mentioned 
above, devoting himself closely to his profes- 
sional labors and studies, with the result that 
he attained a position of prominence in the 
medical world which he could not otherwise 
have reached. For fifty-five years he was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and for many years was a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. 

Dr. Webster was married three times; first 
to Mrs. Catherine Martin, who was born in 
Warren county, Ohio, July 1, 1827, and died 
July 29, 185 1, after about one year of married 
life. His second wife, whom he married May 
28, 1853, was Miss Sarah Harkrader, who 
bore him one son, Frank, and was soon after- 
ward taken from him by death. She died 
August 9, 1854, at the age of nineteen, of 
cholera. She was the daughter of David and 
Nancy (Gallagher) Harkrader, who were among 
the early pioneers of Warren county, Ohio, 
and whose families were of great longevity, 
some of the Gallaghers living to be upward of 
ninety years of age. 

Dr. Webster was married, the third time, to 
Miss Rosalinda Brashear, who still survives. 
She bore him two sons, Edward and William 
H. Edward is a traveling salesman from Day- 
ton, Ohio, representing the Pittsburg Consoli- 
dated Wire & Nail company in the state of 
Ohio. He married Miss Mollie Miller, of 
Grand Forks, N. Dak. The second son, 
William Herr Webster, was educated in the 
public schools of Dayton, and attended the 
Ohio Wesleyan university, at Delaware, for 
four years, reading medicine while there with 
Dr. M. P. Hunt, and subsequently with his 
father, and in 1891 entering Pulte Medical 
college at Cincinnati, Ohio. From this insti- 
tution he graduated in 1894, subsequently lo- 
cating in Dayton, and forming a medical part- 
nership with his half-brother, Dr. Frank Web- 



ster, whose biography will appear below in 
connection with this sketch. William H. 
Webster also took a post-graduate course at 
the Chicago Homeopathic college. While he 
is giving special attention to surgery, he is 
also engaged in general practice. He is a 
member of the medical staff of the Deaconess 
hospital, of Dayton, and is also a member of 
the Ohio state Homeopathic Medical society, 
of the Miami valley Homeopathic Medical so- 
ciety, and is highly regarded as a citizen and 
as a physician. He was married January 12, 
1895, to Miss Mary Isabel Ferneau, a native 
of Ross county, Ohio, who was born near 
Chillicothe. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Having recited the family history of Dr. 
William Webster, deceased, it is now proper 
to present some of his personal characteristics, 
and to deal briefly with the ancestry of the 
family. The deceased practitioner was a phy- 
sician always welcome in the sick room, be- 
cause of his known professional skill and of his 
genial disposition and cheerful, hopeful pres- 
ence. He made a large circle of warm friends, 
was affable and courteous, and his personality 
was almost as valuable as any medical treat- 
ment, especially to those who were susceptible 
to such personal influences. In his practice he 
amassed a handsome fortune, which he used in 
great part for the benefit of humanity. He was 
devoted to the success of the Young Men's 
Christian association, acting as an official of 
the association and contributing of his means 
to its prosperity. He was a liberal supporter 
of all worthy public enterprises, and to his 
friends was liberal to a fault, but more espe- 
cially to the poor. 

The ancestry of Dr. William Webster is 
said to be of Welsh origin. John Webster, of 
whom the doctor was a direct descendant, 
emigrated to New Jersey in 1691. The grand- 
father of Dr. Webster was also named William 

Webster. He was a native of Essex county, 
N. J., born in 1771, removed to Pennsylvania 
about 1803, became a pioneer in the Miami 
valley in 1806, settling in Butler county, Ohio, 
and died in 1844. His son, Dr. Elias Webster, 
the father of Dr. William Webster, was one of 
a family of nine children. He was born Oc- 
tober 31, 1805, and became a physician of the 
allopathic school when quite young, but after 
about fifteen years' practice embraced the 
doctrines and principles of homeopathy, a sys- 
tem then comparatively new, especially in this 
country, as it was established and announced 
by the celebrated Hahnemann during the clos- 
ing years of the eighteenth century. In 1866 
he removed to Connersville, Ind. , where he re- 
mained in practice until he retired, dying there 
in 1 89 1, when he was eighty-six years old. 

He married Mary Kain, of Lebanon, Ohio, 
who died in 1867. By her he had nine chil- 
dren : William, the subject of this sketch ; 
Samuel, Hugh, James K. , M. D., deceased; 
Joseph R. , a farmer, of Connersville, Ind.; 
Taylor, Daniel, Sarah Ann, wife of Rev. Mr. 
Tevis, of Kansas, and Mary J., all but two of 
whom are now dead. 

Dr. Elias Webster took a deep interest in 
religious matters. In politics he was a pro- 
nounced democrat. He was a man of great 
force of character and much esteemed for his 
honesty and integrity. A wide reader and a 
deep thinker, he was also a close and diligent 
student of the bible, and was always welcome 
among the young, who revered him for his 
many excellent traits of character, all of which 
he strove, with much success, to impart to his 

His brother, Hon. Taylor Webster, was, 
for nearly half a century, identified with the 
democratic press of Butler county, Ohio; served 
in 1829 as clerk of the general assembly of 
Ohio, and in 1830 was a representative from 
Butler county in the lower house of the gen- 



eral assembly and was chosen its speaker. 
From 1832 to 1838 he was a representative 
from the counties of Butler, Preble and Darke 
in the congress of the United States and was 
subsequently clerk of the court of common 
pleas of Butler county, and afterward of the 
supreme court of Ohio. His services in Ohio 
politics were exceedingly efficient during the 
administrations of Presidents Jackson and Van 
Buren. He was modest in manner and indus- 
trious by habit. He died, generally lamented, 
in New Orleans, La., April 27, 1876, at the 
age of seventy-one years. 

Frank Webster, M. D., was, as will have 
been noted, the eldest son of Dr. William 
Webster, and the son of his second wife. He 
was born in Middletown, Ohio, April 6, 1854, 
and was educated in the public schools of Day- 
ton, Ohio, graduating from the high school in 
1874. Afterward he graduated from the Miami 
Commercial college in Dayton, and was for 
some three years engaged in the music business 
in that city. He then engaged in the study of 
medicine with his father, and graduated with 
the class of 1882 from Pulte Medical college. 
Becoming associated with his father in the 
practice of medicine, he so remained until his 
father's death, and has since formed a partner- 
ship with his younger half-brother, William 
H., referred to above. He has confined his at- 
tention to the general practice of medicine and 
has made himself prominent in his profession 
and school, standing to-day as one of the lead- 
ing and best informed physicians of Dayton. 
He served as secretary of the Miami valley 
Homeopathic Medical association for thirteen 
years, and is now its president, and has been 
president of the Dayton city Homeopathic 
Medical society. He has also been a mem- 
ber of the board of censors of Pulte Med- 
ical college. Dr. Webster is a member of 
Dayton lodge No. 147, F. & A. M. He was 
married January 30, 1879, to Miss Anna A. 

Turner, a daughter of Hamilton M. Turner, of 
Montgomery county, Ohio, Mrs. Webster be- 
ing a native of that county. Dr. and Mrs. 
Webster have three children, Howard H., 
Rome M., and Margaret K. Both parents are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

BIELDING LOURY, deceased, was 
born in the city of Dayton, Ohio, Oc- 
tober 9, 1824, and became one of the 
most prominent business men as well 
as one of its most representative citizens. His 
genealogy will be fully traced throughout the 
details of this memoir, as opportunity suitably 
presents itself. For the present it may be said 
simply, that he was the only son of Gen. 
Fielding Loury, who was a native of Spottsyl- 
vania county, Ya., and a civil engineer and 
surveyor, the mother of our subject being the 
second wife of the general, and, at the time of 
her marriage with him, the widow of Daniel 
C. Cooper. She died in Dayton, in 1826. 
The first wife of Gen. Loury was a daughter 
of John Smith, the first United States senator 
from Ohio. 

Fielding Loury was educated in Woodward 
high school, Cincinnati, and Kenyon college, 
Gambier, Ohio, and, having inherited a for- 
tune from his mother, his earlier manhood was 
spent in comparative leisure. He wedded in 
Dayton, in 1847, Miss Elizabeth Richards Mor- 
rison, a native of Dayton and a daughter of 
Joseph and Harriet (Backus) Morrison, who 
were born in Kaskaskia, 111., and there mar- 

Col. William Morrison, grandfather of Mrs. 
Loury, was a soldier of the old French-Indian 
wars, and was extensively connected with the 
North American Fur company, so famous in 
its day, was very prominent as a pioneer, and 
died at the old French military post, known as 





Joseph Morrison, the father of Mrs. Loury, 
was a graduate of an eastern university and of 
the Philadelphia law school, and was a mem- 
ber of the state senate of Illinois; but his brill- 
iant career was brought to an untimely end, 
as he died when Mrs. Loury was still a child. 
Harriet Backus, his wife, also a native of 
Kaskaskia, died at the home of Mrs. Loury, in 
'Dayton, in June, 1890. Mrs. Loury is the 
only survivor of a family of three daughters — 
her sisters having been Mrs. Lucretia DuBois 
(who died in early life, leaving one son, now 
deceased), and Mrs. Eloise Bowen, who died 
in middle age. leaving a son and daughter, who 
are still living. The result of the marriage of 
Mr. Loury with Miss Morrison, which was sol- 
emnized by Rev. Mr. Arnott of Christ's Epis- 
copal church, was three daughters and one 
son, viz: Harriet Sophia; Eloise Peirce; Anne 
Howard, wife of Edward Dana, who resides in 
Cincinnati and is extensively interested in coal 
mining in Virginia; and Charles Greene, em- 
ployed in the office of the National Cash Reg- 
ister company, in Dayton. 

Fielding Loury entered the army in 1861, 
as an aid on the staff of Gen. Schenck, with 
the rank of captain, and took part in the first 
battle of Bull Run. He served, also, on the 
staffs of Gens. Hooker, Milroy and Rosecrans, 
and was wounded at the battle of Chancellors- 
ville. After his recovery he was sent to Pitts- 
burg, Pa. , where he was at the head of the 
bureau for the purchase of cavalry supplies — 
receiving and disbursing an average of $1,- 
000,000 monthly. After a service of about 
five years and a half in the army, he resigned 
his commission, having reached the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel, and returned to Dayton. 
Here he was commissioned postmaster, and 
served eight years. His many years of ardu- 
ous labor, civil and military, at last made 
deep inroads on his health, and death came to 
him, as a welcome relief, November 13, 1882. 

No more fitting words can be used, as to his 
demise, than those of his pastor: " A brave 
soldier, a public-spirited citizen, a loving hus- 
band, a devoted father — early consecrated to 
the Lord in holy baptism — we leave him in 
the hands of that God, who will find in his 
life all that was virtuous, and will mete out the 
tenderest judgment." Mrs. Loury has been a 
member from early life of Christ Episcopal 
church, in which faith her husband died, and 
her grandchildren are of the fourth generation 
reared in that church. 

Both the Loury and Morrison families 
trace their genealogy to Scotch-Irish origin. 
Both have long been established in America, 
and many have attained positions of great 
prominence, one being remembered as chief- 
justice of California. The present inter-state 
commerce commissioner, Hon. William Mor- 
rison, of Illinois, is a second cousin of Mrs. 
Loury; a sister of Joseph Morrison married 
Chief-Justice Breese, of Illinois, who was also 
United States senator from that state; Mrs. 
Loury's mother was a daughter of a Revo- 
lutionary officer, and her only sister wedded 
Judge Nathaniel Pope, a United States senator 
and father of Maj.-Gen. John Pope, of Civil 
war fame. 

Gen. Fielding Loury came to Cincinnati in 
1803, and reached Dayton in 1806, where he 
found a solitary log cabin at the intersection 
of what are now known as Fifth and Main 
streets, and inquired of the occupant the dis- 
tance to Dayton. He continued his duties as 
a surveyor, in the discharge of which he en- 
countered all the dangers of existence on the 
frontier of the entire northwest country, but, 
possessed to a distinguished degree of all the 
manly qualities which marked the typical pio- 
neer of the west, he surmounted every obstacle 
in his way. In his intercourse with the In- 
dians, thousands of whom still remained in the 
country and viewed with jealous alarm the en- 

27 '2 


croachments of the whites, he manifested a 
character for firmness, tempered with sym- 
pathy, which he maintained to the closing hour 
of his life. About 1808 he occupied a seat in 
the Ohio legislature; in 1S11 he married Mrs. 
Cooper, as previously recorded; in 18 12 he 
was actively employed in various duties con- 
nected with the army; in 1816, he was again 
elected to the state legislature, and in 1835 
was elected for the third time. 

To a personal character of unblemished in- 
tegrity, Gen. Loury united, in an eminent de- 
gree, the dignity and refined manners of a 
gentleman of the old school, and possessed 
that nice sense of honor and generous hospi- 
tality for which the natives of the state of his 
birth are so distinguished. A more affection- 
ate and indulgent husband and father never 
blessed a home circle. In his politics he was 
a pronounced democrat, and was an able and 
fearless exponent of the principles of his party. 
His death occurred in Dayton, October 7, 
1848, and his remains lie interred in beautiful 
Woodland cemetery, the burial spot having 
been selected by himself. 

eMERSON L. HORNER, member of 
the Dayton board of education, and 
principal of the Eighth district school 
in Harrison township, Montgomery 
county, was born at West Baltimore, March 
29, 1 86 1. His parents were James and Re- 
becca (Harp) Horner, the former of whom was 
of English descent and was born at Thorntown, 
Boone county, Ind., while the latter was born 
in Germantown, Montgomery county, Ohio. 
They were married in Indiana, and came to 
Ohio in i860, locating on a farm near West 
Baltimore, Montgomery county, where they 
continued to reside until the death of Mr. 
Horner, which occurred in 1882. They were 
the parents of four children, all of whom are 

living, viz: Mrs. Mary Gaskell, of West Bal- 
timore ; Mrs. Emma Ewing, of Farmersville ; 
Edward and Emerson L., of Dayton. 

Emerson L. Horner was reared on the farm 
and received his education in the public 
schools. When twenty years of age he re- 
ceived a certificate to teach school, and taught 
for one year. For six years following he at- 
tended the Northwestern Ohio normal school 
at Ada, Ohio ; the National normal university 
at Lebanon, Ohio, and at Ann Arbor, Mich., 
in the summer season and taught school in the 
winter season. He became principal of the 
Eighth district school of Harrison township in 
1886, and has ever since retained that position, 
enjoying a record for faithful, efficient and 
continuous service unexcelled by that of any 
teacher in the county. 

Mr. Horner has had unusual success as a 
teacher, being a thoroughly progressive educa- 
tor, and standing among the leaders of his 
profession in this county. He has been pres- 
ident and vice-president of the Montgomery 
county teachers' association, and is at present 
a member of its executive committee. In 
April, 1896, he was elected by the people of 
the Fifth ward to the board of education of 
Dayton. In this body he soon took rank 
among its most active and efficient members, 
and has rendered valuable and intelligent serv- 
ice to the cause of education. 

He is a republican in politics, but his per- 
formance of the duties of public trust has been 
so free from mere partisan bias as to win for 
him the esteem and confidence of his constitu- 
ents of all parties. 

Mr. Horner is prominent in Odd Fellow 
circles, being a past grand of Fraternal lodge ; 
a past chief patriarch of Fraternal encamp- 
ment, and a member of Galilee Rebekah lodge. 
He is a member of Summit street U. B. church, 
which, since its organization in 1871, has been 
a great power for good. In all of the relations 



of life Mr. Horner has been prompt and faith- 
ful in the discharge of his duties, individual, 
social and professional, and has earned an as- 
sured place in the regard of the entire com- 
munity in which he resides. 


prominent attorneys of Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in that city on Sep- 
tember i, 1835. His fatherwas the 
late Dr. John B. Craighead, who for many 
years was a leading physician of Dayton. 

Dr. Craighead was.born near Carlisle, Cum- 
berland county, Pa., on April 22, 1800, and 
was the second son of Thomas and Rebecca 
(Weakley) Craighead. He received a thorough 
classical education at Dickinson college, and, 
choosing medicine as his profession, he became 
a student at the university of Pennsylvania, at 
Philadelphia, from which institution he gradu- 
ated in 1826. In the winter of 1827 he made 
a visit to the west for the purpose of selecting 
a place for the practice of his profession, and 
located at Mansfield, Ohio. He returned to 
Philadelphia and spent the winters of 1827-8 in 
attending medical lectures in that city. Hav- 
ing returned to Mansfield he married Mary 
Wallace Purdy, of that place, and in 1830 re- 
moved from Mansfield to Dayton, where he 
soon took a prominent position in the medical 
profession. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Montgomery county Medical 
society. He was twice married. His first 
wife died on December 29, 1839, leaving two 
young sons — John P. Craighead, now a resi- 
dent of New York city, and William. His 
second wife was Rebecca Dodds, whom he 
married in May, 1841. Joseph B. Craighead, 
of Richmond, Ind., and Mary E. Soper, of 
Chicago, 111., are the surviving children of the 
second marriage. Dr. Craighead was a fine 
classical scholar, and the preparation of his 

sons for college, which was accomplished prin- 
cipally under his supervision, afforded him an 
excellent opportunity to review his favorite 
authors. He was a devoted member of the 
First Presbyterian church. His death occurred 
on September 8, 1868. 

William Craighead attended the public 
school on Perry street in this city until he be- 
gan his preparation for college, when he en- 
tered the Dayton Literary institute, which was 
under the management of W. N. Edwards and 
Robert Stevenson. In September, 1852, he 
matriculated at Miami university, where he en- 
tered the sophomore class and graduated June 
30, 1855. In the following fall, in connection 
with Robert Stevenson, his former teacher, 
he opened a private school in Miami City, 
where he taught for two years. While teach- 
ing, his leisure reading was in the direction of 
law, and after giving up teaching he entered 
the law office of Conover & Craighead as a 
student. He was admitted to the bar in 1859, 
and opened an office with Luther Bruen. After 
several years he formed a partnership with 
Warren Munger, thus organizing the firm of 
Craighead & Munger. At about this time Mr. 
Craighead was elected city solicitor of Dayton, 
and served the city in that capacity for four 
years. It was during his administration of that 
office that the riots of the Civil war occurred in 
the city, during which much' valuable property 
on the west side of Main street was burned, and 
a number of suits for heavy damages were 
brought by the sufferers against the city. Mr. 
Craighead represented the city in this litigation, 
and was successful in preventing recovery by 
the complainants. 

Mr. Craighead continued practicing law in 
the firm of Craighead & Munger until 1876, 
when that firm was dissolved, and the firm of 
Conover & Craighead being dissolved at about 
the same time by the retirement of Mr. Cono- 
ver on account of- failing health, Samuel Craig- 



head and William Craighead became partners 
in the practice of law, and so continued until 
the death of Samuel Craighead. In 1891 
Mr. Craighead was chosen, by the board of 
•city affairs, city solicitor, which position he 
filled with marked ability until the spring of 
1894. Since the death of Samuel Craighead, 
William and Charles A. Craighead, sons of 
Samuel, have constituted the law firm of Craig- 
head & Craighead. 

On December 27, 1865, Mr. Craighead 
was married to Margaret S. Wright, daughter 
t>f Francis M. and Sophia Corwin Wright, of 
Urbana, Ohio. They have but one child, a 
daughter, Sophia. 

Mr. Craighead is one of the most success- 
ful practitioners at the Dayton bar. He is 
essentially and by personal preference an office 
lawyer, although he is also an able and ag- 
gressive trial advocate. Thorough and ex- 
haustive research and examination regarding 
legal principles and judicial decisions charac- 
terize his treatment of every important ques- 
tion arising in his practice. The habit of 
painstaking investigation, aided by a tenacious 
memory, has made Mr. Craighead one of the 
best "case lawyers" ever at the local bar. 
His knowledge of the law of pleading is exact, 
his patience and persistence are a byword in 
the profession, and his opinions as a lawyer 
have the weight and respect to which these 
qualities justly entitle them. 

HBRAM DARST WILT, one of the 
prominent and representative citizens 
of Dayton, Ohio, and principal and 
proprietor of the Miami Commercial 
college, the leading college of the kind in the 
city, was born in Dayton, on September 21, 
1842. His parents were Jacob and Mary 
(Darsti Wilt, early citizens of Dayton. The 
father was a native of Chambersburg, Pa., and 

was a son of Jeremiah Wilt. The mother was 
born in Dayton, and was the daughter of 
Abram Darst, a pioneer citizen of Dayton. 
Jacob Wilt came to Dayton in 1832, and for 
many years was engaged in the manufacture 
of rifle barrels. He died in 1882, his wife's 
death having occurred in 1875. 

Abram Wilt was educated in Dayton, and 
taught school for a time. Following this he 
engaged in merchandizing for several years. 
In 1 86 1 he took charge of the Miami Commer- 
cial college, just established, of which he be- 
came the principal and proprietor in the follow- 
ing year. In 1863 he was connected with E. 
D. Babbitt, of Dayton, in the publication of the 
"Babbittonian System of Penmanship," and 
so continued for several years, during which 
time that system was introduced both in this 
country and in England. In 1882 Mr. Wilt 
was appointed postmaster at Dayton, which 
position he held from February 2 1 of that 
year until September 1, 1886. For five years 
he served as a member of the Dayton board of 
education, during which time he aided in the 
establishment of night drawing schools, and 
was also an active member of the library com- 
mittee. He served as a member of the city 
board of school examiners for five years, at a 
time when Robert Steele and John Hancock 
were also members of that body. In 1883 he 
was president of the National Business Edu- 
cators' association, which met that year in 
Washington city, and for several years was a 
member of the executive committee of that 
association. He has also served as a member 
of the city republican committee. 

On March 19, 1872, Mr. Wilt was married 
to Miss Ella, daughter of William and Eliza 
Bickham, of Riverside, Cincinnati, and sister 
to the late Maj. William D. Bickham, propri- 
etor of the Dayton Daily Journal. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilt the following children have been 
born: Mary Dennison, now the wife of Dr. 



Jerome B. Thomas, Jr.,' a prominent young 
physician of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Emily B. and 
Abram D., Jr. 

Mr. Wilt's name is prominently associated 
with the educational and moral interests of the 
city. He has been active in every movement 
aiming at the enlargement of the intellectual 
life of Dayton. A ready and versatile writer, 
his pen has contributed many articles, both 
through the press and otherwise, to the store 
of public knowledge. 

president of the Dayton Malleable 
Iron company and one of the leading 
citizens of Dayton. He was born 
at Franklin, Warren county, Ohio, October 
2, 1845, received his early education in the 
public schools of Franklin, and was graduated 
from Miami university in 1864. He served on 
a gunboat during the Kirby Smith raid and in 
the militia during the John Morgan raid, and 
in May, 1864, enlisted in the One Hundred 
and Forty-sixth regiment, O. N. G., and 
served with that regiment through the cam- 
paign in the mountains of West Virginia. 

In 1S66-67, Mr. Schenck read law in the 
office of Davies & Lowe, Dayton, Ohio. In 
1868 he formed a partnership with S. W. 
Davies in the lumber business, from which he 
retired in 1870. After spending a considerable 
time in Europe, Mr. Schenck, with a number 
of other gentlemen, established the American 
District Telegraph company, which company 
also put up the first telephones in Dayton. 
From 1880 until 1882, Mr. Schenck was in 
the U. S. government service, being chief dep- 
uty and cashier of the third internal revenue 
district of Ohio. In 1880, he formed a part- 
nership with Charles Wuichet in the National 
Cornice-works, of which firm he is still a mem- 
ber. In August, 1882, he became, and has ever 

since been, the president of the Dayton Malle- 
able Iron company, one of Dayton's largest 
and most important manufacturing concerns. 
He is also a director in the Dayton National 
bank, the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton 
Railway company, the Columbia Insurance 
company, the Dayton Asphalt Paving and 
Roofing company, a trustee of the Woodland 
Cemetery association, and is identified with a 
number of other important enterprises in Day- 
ton and elsewhere. 

In 1868 Mr. Schenck. was married to Julia 
Crane Davies, second daughter of Edward W. 
Davies, of Dayton. To this marriage four 
children have been born, as follows: Mary 
D. , who married J. Sprigg McMahon, of the 
legal firm of McMahon & McMahon; Graham 
C, who died in 1874; Pierce D. and Ren- 
nelche W., all of Dayton. 

Mr. Schenck is recognized as one of Day- 
ton's most successful and representative citi- 
zens. His enterprise and progressive spirit 
are well known and fully appreciated by the 
public, while his many fine traits of character 
and social nature have won him a large circle 
of warm friends. 

general superintendent of the Barney 
& Smith Car company and one of the 
representative citizens of Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in this city January 9, 1854. 
He is a son of Oliver and Julia (Estabrook) 
Kittredge, who came to Dayton from Massa- 
chusetts in 1838, and both of whom are still 
living, the father being in his eighty-first year 
and the mother in her seventy-sixth year. Oli- 
ver Kittredge was the first agent of the first 
express company in Dayton. He was also a 
clerk in the post-office at a very early date. In 
politics he was a whig. 

Arthur M. Kittredge received his education 



in the Dayton city schools, leaving them at 
the age of sixteen years, after having passed 
successfully the high school entrance examina- 
tion. He began life for himself by serving an 
apprenticeship at the galvanized iron and cor- 
nice-working trade, which trade he followed, 
having in time been made by promotion fore- 
man of the shop, then superintendent, until 
1877, and being out of the city from 1 87 1 to 
1877. Following this he was bookkeeper for 
a wholesale house, and subsequently was trav- 
eling salesman for four years for the H. W. 
Merriam Shoe company, of New Jersey. In 
January, 1884, he became connected with the 
Barney & Smith Car company, and was soon 
made general superintendent of the entire plant, 
which is the largest car- works in the west, and 
one of the largest manufacturing plants in the 
state of Ohio. Mr. Kittredge is a director in 
the Miami Building association of the East End, 
and is also director in the Y. M. C. A. and an act- 
ive member of Memorial Presbyterian church. 
He was married in this city in 1875 to Mary J. 
Broadwell, of the old and well-known family 
of that name in Dayton. Four children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Kittredge, as fol- 
lows: Harry C, Arthur L., Mary J. and 
Helen L. 

Mr. Kittredge, while closely devoted to the 
duties entailed upon him by a responsible posi- 
tion, is interested in public questions and 
movements, and especially in the educational 
and religious fields. 

/'"^V* H. CARR, a prominent citizen and 
*\^^T attorney of Dayton, Ohio, was born 

Av_# in central Ohio. He traces his pa- 
ternal ancestry back to Welsh and 
Scotch-Irish descent, and his maternal ances- 
try back to the old families of Virginia. Mr. 
Carr was educated in the public schools of Ohio 
and Michigan, and graduated in the scientific 

course in the National university in 1874. He 
was for two years principal of the German- 
town, Ohio, high school, and in 1876 came to 
Dayton and entered the law office of Boltin & 
Shauck as a student. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1878. While reading law Mr. Carr was 
for one year principal of the Vandalia, Ohio, 
schools, teaching as a means of livelihood. He 
began practicing soon after his admission to 
the bar, and soon took rank with the leading 
and successful attorneys of Dayton. In his 
practice he has aimed at that character of busi- 
ness which is most remunerative, paying little 
or no attention to criminal cases. He is now 
the senior member of the legal firm of Carr, 
Allaman & Kennedy, one of the strongest in 
the city. Mr. Carr is also identified with sev- 
eral industrial and other enterprises in the city, 
being a director in the Third National bank, 
the Davis Sewing Machine company, the Still- 
well-Bierce & Smith-Vaile company, the Na- 
tional Improvement company, the Cast Steel 
Plow company, Dayton Church & Opera Chair 
company, the National Plant company, and 
the Boda House company. 

EARRY E. FEICHT, manager of the 
Grand opera house and Park theater, 
of Dayton, Ohio, was born in this 
city during the late war, and is the 
son of J. Fred and Eliza (Thomas) Feicht. 
The father is one of Dayton's oldest citizens, 
having resided here for over sixty-five years. 
He is a native of Germany, was a contractor 
and builder by vocation, and now lives a re- 
tired life in the city. His wife was born in 
this country, and is still living. 

Harry E. Feicht was reared in Dayton and 
was educated in the public high school and the 
Miami Commercial college, graduating from the 
latter. His first business position was that of 
secretary of the Dayton Transportation com- 



pany, which he held for about two years. He 
next took a position with the Cincinnati, Ham- 
ilton & Dayton Railroad company, he having 
charge of the through business. Later he was 
promoted to be agent of the Dayton, Fort 
Wayne & Chicago railroad, and next was made 
contracting agent of the O, H. <K: D. Railroad 
company, with headquarters at Dayton. This 
position he resigned in 1 89 1 to take the man- 
agement of the Grand opera house and Park 
theater. As a theatrical manager and pro- 
moter of amateur amusements Mr. Feicht has 
made a brilliant reputation. He put on the 
first " Wild West " show produced in America, 
eight years prior to Buffalo Bill's show. He 
was the originator of the "charity circus," 
which was produced for the first time in Day- 
ton, and was one of the largest and most suc- 
cessful amateur amusement schemes ever at- 
tempted. The performances — two in num- 
ber, afternoon and night — were given under 
a large tent, and were preceded by the usual 
parade of performers, animals, etc., etc. The 
receipts of the two performances amounted to 
$7,336.25. The circus was extensively writ- 
ten up by the leading papers and periodicals 
of the country, Harper's Weekly and Frank 
Leslie's devoting half a page each to the illus- 
trations. During Dayton's centennial cele- 
bration in 1896, Mr. Feicht was the originator 
of the "Noise" committee, which inaugurated 
the centennial. He also had full charge of the 
preparation and production of the amateur 
play, " Daytonia," which was one of the lar- 
gest amateur performances, if not the largest, 
ever held in an opera house. The play ran a 
full week to crowded houses, and the receipts 
reached the amount of $6,300. On the two 
charity circuses and " Daytonia " Mr. Feicht 
cleared a total of nearly $9,000, all of which 
was equally divided between the Deaconess' 
and St. Elizabeth's hospitals, Dayton institu- 
tions. Mr. Feicht was also the originator of 

the carnival of mimics parade held during the 

Mr. Feicht is a member of the K. of P. 
and B. P. O. E. fraternities. On January 8, 
1894, he was married to Miss Noree Leah 
Cory, of Fairfield, Ind. 

Mr. Feicht 's characteristics of originality, 
inventive and imaginative genius and abundant 
energy have given him a unique place in Day- 
ton. No large amateur undertaking in any 
field of amusement is had without invoking his 
assistance, which is never refused. His most 
devoted labor is given to enterprises whose aim 
is to assist charitable and benevolent agencies. 
Mr. Feicht has the faculty of enlisting the 
hearty co-operation of others in his original 
plans, which he carries to success by his en- 
thusiasm and the force of his executive ability. 

£""V AMUEL B. SMITH, president of the 
*^^^kT city council of Dayton, was born in 

h^_y Troy, Ohio, September 4, 1836, and 
is a son of Thomas J. S. and Jane 
(Bacon) Smith, the former a native of Mary- 
land and the latter of Ohio. His maternal 
grandfather, Henry Bacon, was one of the 
early settlers of Ohio, was a leading lawyer, and 
a man of great prominence in public affairs. 
Thomas J. S. Smith was for many years an em- 
inent lawyer of Dayton, and died in 1868. 
He removed to Dayton from Troy when his 
son, Samuel B.\ was quite young. 

The greater part of the life of Samuel B. 
Smith has been spent in Dayton. He read 
law in the office of his father, and in i860 was 
admitted to the bar. At the beginning of the 
late war he entered the Federal service as first 
lieutenant of the Eleventh regiment, Ohio 
volunteer infantry, and later was promoted 
captain, and finally major, of the Ninety-third 
Ohio, in which capacity he served until the 
close of the war. After being mustered out of 

I'M I 


service Mr. Smith returned to Dayton, and in 
1866 entered regularly upon the practice of 
the law, in which he continued until he was 
appointed assistant adjutant-general of Ohio 
on January 12, 1880, a position he held until 
March 2, 1881, when he was promoted adju- 
tant-general, and as such served until January, 
1884. After retiring from the adjutant-gen- 
eral's office, Gen. Smith removed to Miami 
county, and there spent a number of years en- 
gaged in the stone-quarry business, returning 
to Dayton in 1S92. For many years Gen. 
Smith was interested in the construction and 
extension of railroads. He was at different 
periods president and vice-president of the 
Dayton, Covington & Toledo Railroad com- 
pany. A number of years ago he represented 
his ward in the Dayton city council, and in 
the spring of 1895 he was again elected to 
that body, and in the following year he was 
chosen president of the same. Mr. Smith is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, of the G. 
A. R. and of the Loyal Legion, being a char- 
ter member of the Ohio commandery of the 
latter. On June 13, 1871, he was married to 
Eliza J. Stoddard, only daughter of the late 
Henry Stoddard, of Dayton. To this union 
two sons have been born — J. McLain Smith 
and Fowler Stoddard Smith. 

^^-w'lLLIAM J. BLAKENEY.— Among 
at the representative business men and 

VjLjl turers of Dayton is William 

J. Blakeney, secretary and treasurer 
of the Crawford, McGregor & Canby company, 
manufacturers of lasts. Mr. Blakeney is a 
native of Canada, having been born in Toron- 
to, Ontario, February 9, 1851, in which city 
his parents were temporarily residing, his fa- 
ther at that time being a member of the firm of 
Mason, Cook & Blakeney, iron founders, who 
had gone from Springfield, Ohio, to establish 

their business in Toronto. In 1853 or 1854 
the parents returned to Springfield, Ohio, 
where the James Blakeney Foundry company 
was a well-known establishment, and it was in 
that city that William J. Blakeney was reared 
and partially educated, he attending both pri- 
vate and public schools. 

At the age of seventeen Mr. Blakeney left 
school and went to Rochester, N. Y. , joining 
an uncle in business in that city. Subsequent- 
ly he became a partner in the business and 
finally purchased the interest of his uncle and 
became sole proprietor. He met with success, 
and, but for a strong desire to be nearer his 
parents and his old home, that would probably 
have been his life work. Mr. Blakeney re- 
mained in business in Rochester until the fall 
of 1878, and then disposing of his interest he 
returned to Ohio. Locating in Columbus he 
embarked in business, but a year later left that 
city and went to Chicago, where he formed a 
partnership for the sale of church supplies. In 
1886 he removed to Dayton and accepted a 
position with the company then doing business 
as Crawford, McGregor & Canby. Mr. Blake- 
ney's first efforts with this company were de- 
voted to the planning and putting into effect of 
an entirely new system of records. He short- 
ly after became the financial and credit mana- 
ger of this concern, and upon its incorporation, 
in 1884, was made a director and secretary 
and treasurer, which position he has since 
held. To Mr. Blakeney .is due, in a great 
measure, the admirable system which is found 
in the numerous records and general methods 
in use by his company. The system of ac- 
counting, with its vast number of statistics ever 
ready at hand in the general offices at Dayton, 
is also the system in use at the mills of the 
company in Michigan, where there is a large 
interest, and is original. The entire business 
is made historical, and comparisons with for- 
mer years, months or days, are easily effected. 



This concern is one of the principal industries 
of Dayton, and one of the largest of its line in 
the world, and Mr. Blakeney, as secretary and 
treasurer of the same, has demonstrated that 
he is possessed of more than ordinary adminis- 
trative talent. He is progressive, energetic 
and enterprising, both as a business man and 
as a citizen, and in both capacities he takes 
rank with the influential and representative 
men of Dayton, where he has a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances. He is a member 
of the Present Day club, in the meetings of 
which he takes a deep interest. 

Mr. Blakeney was married, in 1879, to 
Margaret A., the daughter of Virginia A. San- 
ford, of Dayton. To this marriage two chil- 
dren have been born — Virginia and Sanford. 

aOL. JEROME B. THOMAS, who at 
present occupies the distinguished po- 
sition of governor of the central 
branch of the National Home for Dis- 
abled Volunteer Soldiers, Dayton, Ohio, was 
born in Luzerne county, Pa., March 26, 1835, 
and is a son of Isaac and Lydia A. (Beers) 
Thomas, the former of whom was born in Ver- 
mont in January, 1809, and the latter in Wash- 
ington county, N. Y. , in 18 16. These par- 
ents, after a married life of over sixty years, 
died in Wyoming, Stark county., 111., in 1895, 
having removed there from the Keystone state 
in 1844. 

Isaac Thomas was of Welsh extraction and 
descended from a family who established a 
colony in New England in the early colonial 
days. His early life was passed on a farm, 
but his maturer years were devoted to mer- 
chandizing. To his marriage were born five 
sons and four daughters, the eldest of whom is 
our subject; Charles C. and Lewis W. were 
gallant soldiers in the late Civil war, and now 

reside in Illinois and Colorado, respectively; 

William D. is a resident of Missouri; Allen E. 
is president of the Ohio Rake company, with 
his home in Dayton, Ohio; Mary W. is the 
wife of Dr. A. M. Pierce, an ex-surgeon of 
the late war and a practicing physician of Wy- 
oming, 111.; Fanny W. is married to Rev. 
W. W. Woolley, of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, Rock Island, 111., district; Olive E. 
resides in Boston, Mass., and Kate A. lives in 
Wyoming, 111. — the last two named being 

Col. Jerome B. Thomas is an educated 
physician, having first studied medicine in the 
office of Dr. William Chamberlain, of Toulon, 
111. ; he afterward graduated from the Jefferson 
Medical college, of Philadelphia, Pa., and in 
the same year, 1858, entered upon the active 
practice of his profession in Wyoming, 111., 
where success attended him until, at the open- 
ing of the Civil war, he was, on the 3d of 
March, 1862, appointed assistant surgeon of 
the Twenty-fourth regiment, Illinois volunteer 
infantry, and served in the army of the Ohio 
and the army of the Cumberland throughout 
the war. After the first year he was detached 
from his regiment to serve in the responsible 
position of surgeon in charge of government 
hospitals in Bowling Green, Ky., and in Galla- 
tin, Tenn. , where he also served as acting 
medical director on the staff of Gen. Paine; 
later, he was appointed chief executive officer 
of the Cumberland United States army general 
hospital, at Nashville, Tenn. At the close of 
hostilities he engaged in the practice of his 
profession in Wyandotte, Kas., until the fall 
of 1867, when he was appointed treasurer of 
the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Sol- 
diers, at Dayton, Ohio, which position he 
held until the death of Gen. M. R. Patrick, 
governor, in July, 1888, when he succeeded to 
his present important office of governor of that 

Col. Thomas was most happily married, in 



Illinois, in i860, to Miss Harriet N. R. Tasker, 
a native of New Bedford, Mass., and this 
union has been blessed with three children, 
viz: Jerome B., jr., a physician of New York- 
city; Alice and Carlotta W., both at home 
and both liberally educated. The son received 
his literary education in the university of Mich- 
igan, from which famous institution of learning 
he graduated with the degree of A. B. ; his pro- 
fessional education was acquired at Long 
Island (N. Y.) College hospital, where he be- 
came so proficient that he is still retained as an 
instructor therein. 

Col. Thomas stands high in the Masonic 
fraternity, having attained the thirty-second 
degree, beyond which very few Masons ad- 
vance; he is also a member of the military 
order of the Loyal Legion, of the United 
States, and a charter member of post No. 5, 
Grand Army of the Republic, at the home. 
In this connection it may not be improper to 
add a brief historical sketch of this noble in- 
stitution. The central branch national home 
for D. V. S. was first located at Columbus, 
Ohio, in March, 1867, and in the fall of the 
same year was removed to the present location 
near Dayton. It was the second home estab- 
lished under the provisions of the revised 
statutes, section 4830, approved March 21, 
1866. Previous to its becoming a national 
home, it was operated for a short time at 
Columbus under the jurisdiction of the state of 
Ohio, as a state soldiers' home. We believe 
the only officer now connected with the home 
who assisted in the original organization and 
who was transferred to Dayton with it, is Mrs. 
E. L. Miller, the matron, who has spent the 
greater part of her life in ministering to the 
wants of the disabled soldiers, having been 
during the entire war, 1 861-5, connected with 
hospital and sanitary commission work. 

In 1867 the home grounds comprised 3 5 5. 2 5 
acres — costing $45,700. In 1869, 30 acres 

were added, at a cost of $3,600; in 1873, 
101.07 acres were added at a cost of $19, 190; 
in 1879, 44.45 acres were added, at a cost of 
$8,000; in 1880, 31.94 acres were added at a 
cost of $4,791; in 1 88 1, 13.41 acres were 
added at a cost of $3,084. 30; and in 1886, 1.35 
acres were added, at a cost of $1,080. 

The citizens of Dayton contributed $20,000 
as part payment for land, which money was 
applied to general purposes. The total cost to 
the United States, of 577-47 acres, was $85,- 
445.30. The buildings are valued at $1,339,- 
862.17. The average cost per capita, for 
maintenance in the various branches, for the 
year ending June 30, 1894, was $127.45. 

The present official staff of the central 
branch is as follows: Governor, Col. J. B. 
Thomas; treasurer, Maj. Milton McCoy; quar- 
termaster, Capt. James C. Michie; commissary 
of subsistence, Maj. Alvin S. Galbreath; assist- 
ant adjutant-general, Maj. Carl Berlin; in- 
spector, Col. John W. Byron; surgeon, Dr. D. 
C. Huffman; matron, Mrs. E. L. Miller; Prot- 
estant chaplain, Rev. Ezekiel Light, D. D. ; 
Catholic chaplain, Rev. C. S. Kemper, D. D. 

The former governors of the central branch 
were as follows: Maj. E. E. Tracy, first gov- 
ernor, appointed April 12, 1867; Gen. Timothy 
Ingraham, appointed December 6, 1867; Col. 
E. F. Brown, appointed Octobers, 1868, now 
inspector-general of the national homes forD. 
V. S.; Gen. M. R. Patrick, appointed Septem- 
ber 23, 1880, and died in office, in 1888; Col. 
Jerome B. Thomas now being in command as 
his successor. 

* w * ERBERT A. CRANDALL, business 
l^\ manager of the Brownell & Company, 
r and member of the board of educa- 
tion of the city of Dayton, was born 
in western New York, July 3, 1844. He is a 
son of Joseph and Marcella (Putnam) Crandall, 



the former of whom was a native of the state 
of New York and the latter of Vermont. The 
Crandall family were originally from England, 
the first of the name to come to America reach- 
ing here late in the seventeenth century and 
locating in Rhode Island. One branch of the 
family went from Rhode Island into New York 
and another into New Jersey. The branch to 
which Herbert A. belongs were manufacturers 
and merchants. 

The early years of Joseph Crandall were 
spent in the woolen manufacturing business, 
but later in life he embarked in merchandizing, 
continuing to reside in the state of New York 
all his life, and dying in that state in 1872. 
His wife, Marcella Putnam, was a direct de- 
scendant of Gen. Putnam of Revolutionary 
fame. Her ancestors went from Vermont to 
New York. She is still living, and at this 
time, April, 1896, is visiting her son, Herbert, 
in Dayton. 

Herbert A. Crandall first attended the pub- 
lic schools, and afterward received a collegiate 
education. At the age of twenty-two, in 1866, 
he left his home in the state of New York and 
went to Illinois, where he spent two years in 
the newspaper business. Returning to New 
York, he remained in that state for about four 
years, part of the time being employed in 
teaching school, and the remainder in mercan- 
tile pursuits. Locating in Dayton, Ohio, in 
1872, he there engaged in railroading and con- 
tinued thus engaged for five years, since which 
time he has been engaged in manufacturing. 
For fourteen years he was with the Stoddard 
Manufacturing company, and in October, 1895, 
became business manager of the Brownell & 
Co., and a stockholder and director of that 

Mr. Crandall was appointed to the board of 
education in October, 1895, to fill a vacancy, 
and was elected to the same place in 1896. 
He is a member of the Present Day club and 

I of the Garfield club, the latter an association 
of republicans. He was married, in 1869, to 
Miss Alice J. Phillips, of New York. To their 
marriage there have been born two daughters, 
Ella and Jessie. Mr. Crandall is interested 
with several other gentlemen in growing coffee 
in Mexico, they together owning a plantation 
of about 100,000 trees, which began bearing in 
the season of 1896. Mr. Crandall and his 
family are members of the Third, formerly the 
Park, Presbyterian church, and stand high not 
only in religious but also in social circles. 

Mr. Crandall is recognized as one of the 
most progressive and thoroughly qualified mem- 
bers of the board of education. His services 
on behalf of the Dayton schools have been la- 
borious and fruitful of good results, and their 
value is appreciated by all citizens concerned 
in the advancement of the educational inter- 
ests of the community. 

>-V OHN S. BECK, M. D. , one of the promi- 

fl nent physicians of Dayton, was born 
/• 1 May 19, 1842, on a farm three miles 
west of Lancaster, Ohio, of German, 
parentage. His father, Jacob Beck, was but 
eighteen months old when he was brought to 
this country by his parents. He was born in 
1804, and is still living, at the great age of 
ninety-three. In his early life he was a black- 
smith, and served two terms as treasurer of 
Fairfield county, Ohio. After retiring from 
this position he engaged in farming three miles 
west of Lancaster, where he has spent the rest 
of his life, and where he has become the owner 
of 700 acres of land in one body. He has al- 
ways been regarded as one of the most honest 
and capable men of his county, and has been 
called on to act as administrator in the settle- 
ment of many estates. 

Jacob Beck married Miss Susan Kerns, a 
daughter of Jacob Kerns, an old settler of the 



county, and to this marriage there were born 
seven children, as follows: Mary A., wife of 
Zebulon Peters, who lives two miles west of 
Lancaster; George W. , farmer, living three 
miles west of Lancaster; Jacob K., a farmer, 
living three miles west of Lancaster; Henry S., 
president of Pierce National bank, of Pierce, 
Neb. ; Joseph, a Lutheran minister of Rich- 
mond, Ind. ; John S. ; and Clara, deceased wife 
of William Huges, who lives three miles west 
of Lancaster, Ohio. 

John S. Beck, M. D., worked on his fa- 
ther's farm in the summer time until he was 
sixteen years of age, and parts of the fall and 
spring seasons, attending school in the winter 
months. When sixteen years of age his father 
sent him, with his brother, Joseph, now Rev. 
Joseph Beck, of Richmond, Ind., to the Cap- 
ital university at Columbus, Ohio, where he 
became a member of the freshman class. Re- 
maining in the university in regular attendance 
in his classes, he was in the senior class in 
1862, when the war fever so took possession 
of him that he left school, returned to his fa- 
ther's home at Lancaster, and there, on the 
20th of August, enlisted in company D, Nine- 
tieth Ohio volunteer infantry, then being or- 
ganized at Circleville, Ohio. This regiment 
was assigned to the army of the Cumberland, 
and in this department of the service it re- 
mained throughout the war, participating in all 
the battles that were fought by that organiza- 
tion from August, 1862, to June, 1S65, from 
Louisville, Ky. , to Atlanta, Ga. He was mus- 
tered out at Nashville, Tenn., June 13, 1S65, 
having in the meantime been promoted to the 
position of first lieutenant. 

Returning to peaceful pursuits, he studied 
medicine, beginning in August, 1S65, and 
graduating from the medical department of 
the university of Pennsylvania in the spring of 
1868, and locating in Miamisburg, Montgom- 
ery county, in the spring of 1869. Not being 

satisfied with his location in Miamisburg, he 
removed to Dayton in December, 1870, and 
has now practiced his profession there for 
more than a quarter of a century, his office 
during all that period being on Fifth street, 
somewhere between Jefferson and Ludlow 
streets. For fourteen years he was a member 
of the board of United States pension sur- 
geons, serving through President Cleveland's 
first term by the endorsement and courtesy of 
the influential democrats of the county. He 
has served a term as a member of the board of 
health, has twice been chosen physician to the 
county jail, is a member of the county Medi- 
cal society, and has been twice elected to the 
presidency of that body. He is a member of 
the Ohio state Medical association, of the 
Mississippi valley Medical society, and was a 
delegate from Montgomery county to the ninth 
international medical convention, which met 
in Washington, D. C, in 1887. For five years 
he served as visiting physician to Saint Eliza- 
beth hospital, but resigned this position on ac- 
count of his own very large private practice. 
After this he was given a position on the consult- 
ing staff. Dr. Beck was one of the building com- 
mittee in the erection of the Deaconess hos- 
pital of Dayton, and has put forth every energy 
in forwarding the success of the institution, 
which is one of the great benevolences of the 
city in which the entire community takes pride. 
To Dr. Beck much credit is due for its being 
now in existence. He is at present the chief 
of staff of this hospital, and is also supreme 
medical director of the supreme council of the 
Fraternal Censer of Dayton. 

Dr. Beck was married to Miss Sarah A. 
Work, daughter of John and Mary (Webb) 
Work, of Lancaster, Ohio, she being of Eng- 
lish and Irish descent. Dr. Beck and his wife 
are the parents of two daughters, Clara Lusetta 
and Mary. His family is one among the best 
in Dayton, its members moving in the refined 



and cultivated circles of society. They are 
highly esteemed and respected for their per- 
sonal and social qualities, and have many warm 
friends among all classes of people. 


president of the Beaver Soap com- 
pany, of Dayton, Ohio, was born at 
Ketchumville, Tioga county, N. Y., 
August 13, 1S5S. He is a son of Samuel and Car- 
oline (Swan) Chamberlin, the former of whom 
was born in 1827, and lived at Vestal Center, 
Broome county, N. Y. , for some thirty years. 
He was an academic scholar, and taught school 
for twenty-one terms, two or three years of 
which time was in the Titus district at Middle- 
town, Ohio, after which he returned to the 
east. He was otherwise a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and in politics a prominent republican, 
especially in local affairs. He was asked to 
become a candidate for the general assembly 
of the state, but declined. For some thirty 
years he was a deacon in the Baptist church, 
and died in 1892. 

The family, as the name may indicate, is of 
English origin, and is, beside, one of the oldest 
in this country, the great-great-grandfather, 
William Chamberlin, coming from England 
previous to and being a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. The mother of Willard D. is 
now living in Waverly, Iowa, with a daughter. 
She and her husband were the parents of four 
children, as follows: YVillard D. , AlmaM., 
wife of Dr. Osment, of Waverly, Iowa; Samuel 
S., a manufacturer of table slides, of Dayton, 
Ohio; and Carrie L., the latter dying in early 

Willard D. Chamberlin was educated in the 
district schools of the state of New York, and 
afterward attended the high schools of Bing- 
hamton, N. Y. , where he received a liberal 
education, being also assisted by his father, 

who was not only well educated himself, but 
strongly believed in educating the young. After 
his school days were over he removed west in 
1877, and located in Dayton, taking a clerk- 
ship in the office of the Great Western Dis- 
patch, where he remained until 1881, when 
he accepted a position as traveling salesman for 
Thresher & Co. This position he retained until 
1 885, when he became associated with Mr. Beav- 
er in the manufacture of soap, the name adopted 
by the company being Beaver & Co. Mr. 
Chamberlin took charge of the office business 
and also acted as traveling salesman. In 1893 
this firm was incorporated under the name of 
the Beaver Soap company, and Mr. Chamber- 
lin became the vice-president of the company, 
which position he still holds. He has shown 
himself to be one of the most progressive 
young business men of Dayton, and in politics 
is a stanch republican, though never a seeker 
after office. 

Mr. Chamberlin was married September 5, 
1 888, to Miss Mary Hinkley Sumner, daughter 
of Dr. E. G. Sumner, of Mansfield Center, 
Tolland county, Conn., and to this marriage 
there have been born two children, viz: Mary 
Louise, born September 14, 1889, and Edwin 
Sumner, born November 1, 1894. Mr. and 
Mrs. Chamberlin are members of the First 
Baptist church of Dayton, which was organ- 
ized in 1829, and he is one of its deacons. Mr. 
Chamberlin's residence is at No. 110 Central 
avenue, Dayton, where he and his family are 
surrounded by a great number of friends, all 
of whom entertain for them the highest regard. 

tographer, of Dayton, Ohio, with his 
studio in the Canby building, was 
born in Snyder county, Pa., March 
28, 1 86 1. He is a son of Isaac and Mary 



Anna (Yeisley) Bowersox, both of whom were 
of German descent. His great-grandfather, 
George Adam Bowersox, came from Saxony 
to this country, locating in Snyder county, Pa., 
where the family has since lived, following ag- 
riculture in the main, although some of them 
have adopted the learned professions, as the 
ministry, school-teaching and the law. Isaac 
and Mary A. Bowersox were the parents of 
seven children, as follows : Sabilla, wife of 
William Knapp, of Centerville, Snyder county, 
Pa. ; Serenus, a merchant of Centerville ; A. 
Lincoln, the subject of this sketch ; Jennie, 
wife of Kiefer Trautman, of Mifflinburg, Union 
county, Pa. ; Henrietta, wife of James Spang- 
ler, a teacher, of New Berlin, Pa. ; Emma 
Charilla, wife of John Bolig, of Shamokin, Pa., 
and Clara Verdilla, wife of G. Edward Mohn, 
telegraph operator at Muncy Valley, Pa. 

A. Lincoln Bowersox was reared to farm 
life until he was fifteen years of age. In the 
meantime he had attended the public schools. 
At fifteen he entered the boarding school at 
Selin's Grove, Pa., remained there one year, 
and then attended high school one year at Cen- 
terville. When seventeen years old he came 
to Ohio, locating at Fremont, and there learned 
photography. After thus spending some eight- 
een months, he visited various cities in Ohio 
and Pennsylvania, as well as in the eastern 
states. He then spent some time in Europe, 
gaining knowledge pertaining to his profession, 
and in 1884 located in Dayton, Ohio, opening 
a studio at the corner of Main and Second 
streets, where he remained until 1S94, when 
he removed to his present location. His studio 
occupies the entire sixth floor of the Canby 
building, and is one of the most complete any- 
where to be found. 

Mr. Bowersox was one of the organizers of 
the Ohio Fruit Land company, located in Ft. 
Valley, Ga., the farm containing 1,850 acres 
and being the largest orchard in the country at 

the time the company was formed. He is also 
secretary and treasurer of the Dayton Canning 
and Packing company, having been one of the 
organizers of this concern. He is a director 
of the Dayton Building and Loan association. 
In 1894 Mr. Bowersox served as secretary of 
the Photographers' association of Ohio, in 
1895 was its president, and is at present sec- 
retary of the Photographers' association of 
America. He is in possession of medals earned 
in competing with others in photography, one 
given in Germany in 1894, also one in 1896, 
and had medals awarded him at the semi-cen- 
tennial of photography held in Boston in 1889. 
He also has a prize medal won at Columbus, 
Ohio, in 1894, and another awarded at Saint 
Louis, Mo., by the National association. He 
is recognized as among the leading artists of 
America, his work being reproduced in journals 
and periodicals throughout the United States 
and Europe, as specimens of master-pieces in 
the photographic art. 

Since 1884 Mr. Bowersox has given much 
attention to music, both vocal and instrumen- 
tal. He is a member of the Philharmonic 
society, and as such attended the world's fair 
at Chicago in 1893. Fraternally he is a past 
chancellor of Iola lodge No. 83, Knights of 
Pythias, and also belongs to the Royal Arca- 
num, of which he has lately been honored with 
the collectorship. He has served in the Fourth 
regiment, O. N. G., Hamilton light artillery. 
He is a Royal Arch Mason, and maintains him- 
self in good standing in all the societies and 
organizations to which he belongs. 

Mr. Bowersox was married April 19, 1893, 
to Miss Lizzie Gazell Stern, daughter of Sum- 
ner S. Stern, of Cleveland, Ohio. He and his 
wife are members of the First Baptist church, 
of Dayton. For a period of two years he was 
president of the Berean bible class, and has 
served as superintendent of the Browntown 
Sunday-school, and also of a Sunday-school in 



North Dayton. In the Young Men's Christian 
association he is a most active worker, being 
on the committee of the junior department. 

K m * ORACE A. IRVIN, secretary of the 

|f\ Lowe Bros, company, of Dayton, 

F Ohio, was born in Morrow, Warren 

county, February 17, 1855, and is a 

son ofjames B. and Ellen (Monfort) Irvin. 

Andrew Irvin, grandfather of Horace A., 
came from Londonderry, Ireland, and settled 
in the state of Pennsylvania, where he married 
a lady of German descent, and to this union 
were born thirteen children. By calling he 
was in his early years a farmer, but in later 
life established an inn, or hotel, in which 
enterprise he prospered. He was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, did good and faithful serv- 
ice, and eventually came to Ohio and settled in 
Ross county, where he died at the advanced 
age of eighty-nine years, his wife living to be 
over ninety years old. 

James B. Irvin, father of Horace A., was 
born in Kingston, Ross county, Ohio, in April, 
1827, and there grew to manhood; but, as his 
earlier years were passed in hard toil on the 
home farm, his education was somewhat neg- 
lected until after he had reached his majority, 
when he attended subscription schools and 
academies, and qualified himself for school- 
teaching, having earned the requisite means 
for the payment of his instruction fees through 
his daily labor. He began to follow this pro- 
fession at Morrow, Ohio, and taught also at 
other points in the state until 1856, when he 
came to Dayton, and for six years was princi- 
pal of one of the city schools. He then en- 
tered the employ of Winthrop B. Smith & 
Co., of Cincinnati, as general agent for the 
sale of their school books in Ohio, and with 
this firm he remained, throughout its various 
changes, until his death, which occurred in 

February, 1885. Mr. Irvin had filled during 
his very useful life the office of county school- 
examiner of applicants for the position of 
school-teacher, having been appointed, year 
after year, by both the republican and dem- 
ocratic county officials. He was a knight 
templar in the Masonic order, was a member 
of Saint John's lodge (third degree), and also 
a member of the I. O. O. F. His wife, Ellen 
(Monfort) Irvin, died in 1875, at the age of 
forty-five years, in the faith of the Presbyterian 
church. To Mr. and Mrs. James B. Irvin 
were born four children, viz: Julia, wife of 
William T. Wuichet, of Dayton; Horace A.; 
Obed W., probate judge of Montgomery, coun- 
ty, Ohio, and James M., traveling salesman for 
the Lowe Bros, company. 

Horace A. Irvin graduated from the Day- 
ton high school at the age of sixteen years, 
and entered Miami university, at Oxford, Ohio, 
with the sophomore class; he then taught 
school for a short time, and in the fall of 1873 
went to Chicago, where he was employed as 
bookkeeper for Charles A. Gump & Co. ; in 
the spring of 1874 he returned to Dayton and 
entered the service of Lowe Bros, as assistant 
bookkeeper, passed through various stages of 
employment as general bookkeeper, traveling 
salesman, special partner, and, December 15, 
1887, became a general partner, attending to 
the correspondence of the firm, its advertising, 
etc. On the incorporation of the company, in 
1893, he was elected and has ever since been 
its secretary. In 1896 he was appointed by 
Gov. Bushnell as a trustee of Miami university. 

In his fraternal relations, Mr. Irvin, in 
1878, was made a member of Mystic lodge 
No. 405, F. & A. M., of Unity chapter No. 16, 
Reese council No. 9, and in January, 1879, he 
became a member of Reedcommandery, K. T., 
No. 6; the same year he took all the Scottish 
rite degrees at Cincinnati, and is a charter 
member of all Scottish rite bodies in Dayton. 



He is now thrice potent grand master of Ga- 
briel lodge of Perfection, and at Buffalo, N. 
Y. , in September, 1895, was elected inspector- 
general, thirty-third degree (the highest), by 
the supreme council of northern jurisdiction. 
Mr. Irvin has been twice married, his first 
marriage having taken place, in 1878, to Miss 
Ella K. Jewell, who died in April, 1880, the 
mother of one child — Ella Marian. His sec- 
ond marriage, which occurred in 1883, was 
with Miss Carrie K. Kneisley, and this union 
also has been blessed by the birth of one child 
— Martha Monfort. Mr. and Mrs. Irvin are 
members of the Third street Presbyterian 
church, of which he is a trustee, and have 
their home at No 213 North boulevard. 


dent of the Buckeye Iron and Brass 
works, of Dayton, was born at Car- 
rollton, Montgomery county, Ohio, 
on August 20, 1836, and is the son of the late 
Horace and Sarah L. (Belville) Pease. Horace 
Pease was born in Connecticut in 1 79 1 , and 
came to Ohio in 1S16, locating first at Cincin- 
nati. In 1823 he came to Montgomery county, 
locating on Hole's creek, where he established 
a fruit distillery, making peach and apple 
brandy. Subsequently he removed to Carroll- 
ton, where he carried on the distillery and 
milling business for a number of years, and in 
1838 he came to Dayton. Upon locating in 
the city he built the Pease mill on the corner 
of Third and Canal streets, which is now 
owned by Joseph R. Gebhart, and for about 
thirty years the firm of H. & P. Pease, of which 
he was the head, conducted the largest distillery 
and milling business in Ohio. He was one of 
the prominent business men of Dayton during 
his time, and was connected with a number of 
enterprises, among them being the old State 

bank, of which he was a director from the 
time of its organization until it was merged in- 
to the Dayton National bank, and of the latter 
he was a director up to the time of his death. 
Horace Pease took an active interest in public 
affairs, both of the county and state, and rep- 
resented Montgomery county in the Ohio legis- 
lature for a term of years. He also served on 
the board of county commissioners, and was a 
member of that board when the old stone court 
house was erected, the designs for which he 
made, and in the building of which he took a 
deep interest. He was a member of the Old 
School Presbyterian church. He retired from 
active business in about 1854, and died at his 
residence in this city in 1875. His wife, who 
was born at St. George's, Del., in 18 10, was 
the daughter of a Presbyterian minister. Her 
death occurred in 1862. Six children were 
born to the parents as follows: Walter B. 
Pease, deceased, who served during the Civil 
war and was a captain in the regular army; 
Charles Edward; Frank, who died young; Jo- 
sephine, who married James Stockstill, of Day- 
ton; Nannie, who married Horace Phillips, of 
Dayton, and Hattie, deceased, who married 
Charles B. Clegg, of Dayton. 

Charles E. Pease grew up in Dayton, his 
parents having removed here when he was but 
two years of age. His boyhood days were 
spent in a manner common to youths of his 
time and station of life. He attended the 
private schools of the late E. E. Barney and 
was also a pupil of the Second district public 
school, when that school was taught by 
Thomas Hood, and of the high school when 
James Campbell was principal and John W. 
Hall, assistant principal. During the years 
1S55 and 1856 he attended the university of 
Wisconsin at Madison, leaving college, how- 
ever, in his senior year. During the years 
1853-54 and part of 1855, young Pease worked 
in the machine shops at the trade of a ma- 




chinist, leaving the shopsfor college. In 1857 
he made his first venture in a business way by 
engaging in milling at Fulton, on Rock river, 
Wisconsin, where he continued with varying 
success for two years, coming thence to Day- 
ton to pursue a similar business. In 1861 he 
entered the firm of W. B. Pease & Co. (of 
which the Buckeye Iron and Brass works are 
the successors), and took charge of the busi- 
ness of that firm when his brother, Wal- 
ter B., reported with his company to Co- 
lumbus at the beginning of the late Civil 
war. The following year, however, he him- 
self entered the service of his country and 
was assigned to duty in the quartermaster de- 
partment at Nashville, Tenn., under Capt. 
Charles T. Wing, with whom he remained un- 
til the close of the war. In 1865 Mr. Pease 
located in Memphis, Tenn., where he engaged 
in the wholesale grocery business, and so con- 
tinued for three years. In 1868 he was ap- 
pointed to a position as gauger in the United 
States revenue department, with headquarters 
at Cincinnati. He remained in the govern- 
ment service for about two years, and in 1870, 
returned to Dayton and purchased the interest 
of S. D. Graffiin in the firm of Hoglen & 
Grafflin, the firm becoming Hoglen & Pease, 
builders of machinery, especially of tobacco ma- 
chinery. In June, 1876, Mr. Pease purchased 
the business interests of his partner and organ- 
ized the Buckeye Iron and Brass works, which 
company was incorporated with himself as 
president. The other officers of the company 
at the present time are Edward G. Pease, vice- 
president, and William B. Anderson, secre- 
tary. The business operations of the com- 
pany are in the line of the manufacture of 
brass goods for engine builders and steam fit- 
ters, tobacco cutting machinery and linseed oil 
and cotton seed oil machinery, all of which 
are manufactured under patents controlled by 
the company. The Buckeye Iron and Brass 

works rank among the largest and most pros- 
perous industries of Dayton, and of the enter- 
prise Mr. Pease has become an important com- 
ponent part. Under his skillful management 
and guiding hand, the works have grown and 
expanded from year to year from a small and 
unpretentious machine shop into one of the lar- 
gest and most successful manufacturing plants 
in a city noted for its manufacturing and 
industrial interests. Mr. Pease is also a di- 
rector and stockholder in the Dayton Natural 
Gas company, and has other business interests 
of importance. 

Mr. Pease was married in Cleveland, Ohio, 
on October 3, 1855, to Laura G., daughter of 
John Erwin, one of the pioneer citizens of the 
Forest city, and to this union two sons have 
been born — Calvin E. and Edward G. . 

In 1882 Mr. Pease was elected to the city 
council of Dayton, and was again elected to 
that body in 1896. Mr. Pease is a Mason and 
is quite prominent in Masonic circles. He is a 
Master Mason, a Knight Templar, a Scottish 
Rite and a Mystic Shriner. 

The life of Mr. Pease has been an active 
one, and merited success has crowned his 
efforts. Early in life he manifested those 
traits of character which have colored his 
whole career — perseverance, sagacity, foresight 
and pluck — and he has steadily progressed 
along those lines of business which have not 
only brought to him success, but have also 
aided materially in advancing the interests of 
the community. His concern in the welfare, 
growth and prosperity of Dayton, his generous 
contributions of both time and money in be- 
half of all movements looking toward the ben- 
efit of the city, have placed him in the front 
rank of her representative and progressive cit- 
izens, while his liberal views, broad minded- 
ness, genial personality and sterling character- 
istics have won for him a wide circle of warm 
and admiring friends. 



the venerable pastor of the Memorial 
Presbyterian church of Dayton, Ohio, 
is a native of Darlington, Beaver 
county, Pa., and was born March 17, 18 19. 
His father, Rev. Thomas Edgar Hughes, was 
born in Washington county, Pa., April 7, 
1769, and on May 2, 1799, married Mary 
Donahey, also a native of that county, born 
August 22, 1770, and of Scotch-Irish descent. 
The Hughes family was probably established 
in America by William Hughes, who was born 
in Wales in 1728, was an early settler in Penn- 
sylvania, and died at the patriarchal age of 
100 years. His son, Rowland, grandfather of 
Rev. James R., was a tanner by occupation, 
and passed nearly his whole life in York coun- 
ty, Pa. The children born to Rev. Thomas 
E. Hughes and wife were ten in number, of 
whom a brief mention is made as follows: 
John D. , the eldest, born July 27, 1S00, was 
a minister of the Presbyterian church of north- 
ern Ohio, where he passed his life and died 
March 3, 1870; William, born May 28, 1802, 
was also a Presbyterian minister, and died 
July 1, 1880; Watson, born September 7, 
1804, was likewise reared to the ministry of 
the Presbyterian church, and died March 25, 
1870; Anne, born October 8, 1806, became 
the wife of Rev. Samuel A. McLean, a Presby- 
terian minister, and died near Chillicothe, Ohio, 
leaving a large family; Eliza was born Septem- 
ber 16, 1 80S, was married to William McKee, 
a merchant, and died at mature years in Mount 
Pleasant, Jefferson county, Ohio; Joseph, born 
August 16, 1 8 10, was called away at the early 
age of fifteen years; Mary Barr, born August 
13, 1812, became the wife of Samuel Wells, 
and at her death left several children; Robert 
Smiley, born December 29, 18 14, was a farm- 
er of Iowa, in which state he died, after mid- 
dle life; Thomas, born July 14, 1816, also a 
farmer, died in Fairfield, Iowa, June 28, 1879; 

Rev. James R., the youngest, it will be per- 
ceived, being the only survivor of this large 
family. The father of these children was called 
to his final rest May 2, 1838, his widow sur- 
viving him until February 23, 1852. 

Rev. James Rowland Hughes received his 
elementary education in his native town of 
Darlington, and later became a student in Wash- 
ington (now Washington and Jefferson) col- 
lege, at Washington, Pa. , where he attended 
a full course in the classics. Having in the 
beginning determined to make the ministry his 
life work, he immediately after his graduation 
entered Western Theological seminary, at Al- 
legheny City, Pa., completing the course in 
1848, when he began his career as a minister 
of the gospel. The first eighteen months of 
his ministerial life he served as a representative 
of the Presbyterian board of education, and 
traveled in central and western Pennsylvania in 
the interest of the board; in 1850 he was in- 
stalled pastor of the Rehobeth church near 
Belle Vernon, Pa. , of which he had charge for 
fully fifteen years. Toward the end of his pas- 
torate he became principal, in 1864, of a young 
ladies' seminary at Blairsville, Pa., where he 
taught the senior class, in conjunction with his 
ministerial duties, for nearly three years, when 
he was reluctantly compelled to sever his rela- 
tions with the seminary by reason of the pro- 
tracted illness and death of his wife. In 1869 
Mr. Hughes came to Ohio, and was in the 
same year installed pastor of the East Presby- 
terian church of Dayton. The name of this 
church has since been changed to the Me- 
morial, of which he is still the pastor; and that 
he has been a vigorous, capable and efficient 
pastor is evidenced by the fact that during this 
long period he has not lost more than seven 
weeks of service, through sickness or any other 
bodily or mental disability. 

The marriage of Rev. James Rowland 
Hughes took place October 16, 1851, to Miss 



Ann Caroline Stewart, a native of Huntingdon 
county, Pa., born March 8, 1828, and whose 
death occurred at Blairsville, Pa., May 16, 
1869. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Hughes are Mary Wilson, who married James 
Caldwell, and now resides in Urbana, Ohio; 
Catherine Walker, who died in infancy; Eliza- 
beth Walker, who is now the companion of her 
father; Sarah Stewart, who is the wife of 
Charles J. McKee, of Dayton; Fannie Speer, 
born April 6, 1S63, and who died July 5, 1866; 
and James Rowland, who married Miss Eva Ke- 
naga,of Urbana, where he now resides. These 
children were all born in the parsonage of the 
Rehobeth church, near Belle Vernon, Pa. 

Rev. Thomas E. Hughes, father of James 
R., was the founder of Greersburg academy, 
one of the earliest educational institutions of 
western Pennsylvania. In this academy some 
afterward very distinguished men received their 
early training, and among these may be noted 
the names of Rev. Robert Dilworih, D. D., 
the eminent minister and reformer; Gen. John 
W. Geary, ex-governor of Pennsylvania and 
renowned as a Union soldier; William H. Mc- 
Guffey, D. D., of school-book fame, and one 
of Ohio's most successful educators, and also 
John Brown (Ossawatomie), the anti-slavery 
agitator, of Harper's Ferry fame, who was a 
recognized member of the Hughes family for 
several years. 

The long residence of Rev. J. R. Hughes 
in Dayton has made his name a household 
word, and he is thoroughly identified with the 
religious and educational interests of the city. 
In politics he was formerly a whig, as was his 
father, but since the organization of the repub- 
lican party he has sustained it with unabated 
zeal. He is also a strong and earnest advocate 
of prohibition as the principal auxiliary of tem- 
perance, and has devoted all his long life to the 
promotion of morality by every means within 
his power. 

<*/^\ ANIEL W. ALLAMAN, practicing 
I attorney of Dayton, Ohio, was born 
/^^_J in Butler township, Montgomery 
county, Ohio, August 5, 1861. Heisa 
sonof David and Catherine (Zimmerman) Alla- 
man, who removed from Franklin county, Pa., 
to Montgomery county, Ohio, in the early 'for- 
ties. They settled in the vicinity in which 
Daniel was born, where his mother died in 
January, 1863, when he was eighteen months 
old, and the father resided there until Decem- 
ber, 1889, when he died at the age of seventy- 
five. David Allaman was a republican in poli- 
tics, held many of the minor township offices, 
and was one of the oldest Masons in Mont- 
gomery county. 

After his mother's death Daniel W. Alla- 
man was taken into the home of an uncle who 
lived on a farm near Brookville, Montgomery 
county. He received his early education in 
the common schools and afterward attended 
the National normal school at Lebanon, Ohio, 
and still later the college at Oberlin, in the 
meantime teaching schools a number of terms, 
and being principal of the schools at Johns- 
ville, and at Trotwood, Ohio. In 1886 he be- 
gan reading law in the office of S. H. Carr, 
and was admitted to the bar in March, 1888, 
since which time he has practiced law with 
Mr. Carr, with the exception of one year, dur- 
ing which he was in partnership with F. M. 
Compton, under the firm name of Compton 
& Allaman. In 1892 he formed his present 
partnership with Mr. Carr and Mr. Kennedy, 
under the firm name of Carr, Allaman &. 

Mr. Allaman has always been a republican 
in politics, and was one of the incorporators of 
the Garfield club, in which he served as a 
director for a number of years. In 1891 he 
was elected as a representative in the legisla- 
ture X)i Ohio, being the first republican mem- 
ber of that body from Montgomery county in 



fifteen years, with one exception. In this 
office he served two years, was secretary of 
the committee on finance, and also served on 
the committee on public works. 

Mr. Allaman is a Mason and still a member 
of the Garfield club. He was married, in 1885, 
to Miss Iva Cupp, a daughter of Louis and 
Kate H. Cupp, the former of whom is now de- 
ceased. Mr. and Mrs. Allaman have two chil- 
dren, Mary Katherine, aged eleven years, and 
Mildred Louise, aged three vears. 

the firm of Gottschall, Brown & Craw- 
ford. He was born at Newark, Ohio, 
on the 14th day of August, 1843, but 
was brought up in Dayton, to which city his 
parents removed when he was but two years 
old. His parents were John and Abigail Jane 
(Conklin) Gottschall, the former of German 
and the latter of Dutch descent. His paternal 
grandfather was a native of Germany, who 
came to America in the early part of this cen- 
tury and settled in Pennsylvania. His father 
removed in early manhood to Ohio, and has 
since continued to live in that state. Mr. 
Gottschall's mother is descended from Dutch 
stock which settled in New York state in colo- 
nial times. Her grandfather took an honorable 
part in the war for independence, fighting in 
the continental army during that memorable 

Oscar M. Gottschall's early education was 
obtained in the public schools of Dayton, where 
he graduated from the high school in the class 
of 1 86 1. He at once commenced the study of 
law in the office of the late Edmond S. Young, 
one of the most conspicuous members of the 
Dayton bar, with whom he continued for about 
one year. In August, 1862, he laid aside 
his text-books and his personal aspirations to 
take up arms in the defense of his country. 

He enlisted in company K, Ninety-third Ohio 
volunteer infantry. Shortly afterward he was 
promoted to quartermaster-sergeant of his 
company. In January, 1863, he was made 
sergeant-major of his regiment, and in 1864 
was raised to the position of adjutant, which 
place he held until his muster-out, June 25, 
1865. His regiment was first attached to Gen. 
Gilbert's brigade in Kentucky, and later to 
McCook's corps in the army of the Cumber- 
land. He participated with his regiment in 
all the hard fighting of that army, from Stone 
river to Atlanta, and later, under Gen. Thomas, 
in the final defeat of Hood in Tennessee. He 
was twice wounded, first at the battle of Chick- 
amauga, and again at the battle of Mission 
Ridge. His promotion to the adjutancy of 
his regiment was the result of the recommen- 
dation of his superior officer for gallantry and 
meritorious conduct on the battlefield of Chick- 
am auga. 

After the close of the war Mr. Gottschall 
resumed his studies in the office of Mr. Young 
at Dayton, and was admitted to the bar on 
May 12, 1866. He at once entered upon the 
practice of law in partnership with his pre- 
ceptor, under the firm name of Young & Gott- 
schall. In the year 1878 George R. Young was 
admitted into the firm, which became Young, 
Gottschall & Young, and continued until 1879, 
when Mr. Gottschall withdrew. He then 
formed a partnership with R. D. Marshall, 
the firm being Marshall & Gottschall. This 
association continued until September, 1883, 
when the firm was dissolved, Mr. Gottschall 
continuing in practice alone until February, 
1885, when the firm of Gottschall & Brown 
was formed by the admission of O. B. Brown. 
In 1893 Ira Crawford was admitted to the 
firm, which became and is now Gottschall, 
Brown & Crawford. 

Mr. Gottschall, by untiring industry and 
constant application in the practice of his pro- 




fession, has become one of the most promi- 
nent and widely-known members of the Day- 
ton bar. His special field of work embraces 
commercial and corporation law, and in these 
he has gained a large and important clientage. 
His success has been achieved through emi- 
nent personal fitness for the exacting duties of 
his profession, and he has brought to the care 
of the weighty and varied interests entrusted 
to him the qualities of clear judgment and 
practical common sense as well as strong intel- 
lectual endowment. 

HLVIN W. KUMLER, judge of the 
court of common pleas of Montgomery 
county, and one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Dayton bar, was born near 
Trenton, Butler county, Ohio, on January 20, 
1 85 1, and is the son of John and Sarah Kum- 
ler. The early education of Judge Kumler 
was obtained in the common schools of his na- 
tive county. In 1870, he entered the An- 
tioch college, at Yellow Springs, where he was 
a student for two years. His general educa- 
tion was completed by one year's attendence 
at Ohio Wesleyan university, at Delaware. 
Following this, he entered the law department 
of the university of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
where he was graduated in the class of 1875. 
The same year he located in Dayton and en- 
tered upon the practice of his profession, and 
in 1S77 he formed a partnership with R. M. 
Nevin, which association continued until the 
election of Mr. Kumler to the bench of the 
common pleas court in 1896, the firm at that 
time being the oldest legal firm in the city in 
point of years of partnership. In 1879, Judge 
Kumler was elected city solicitor of Dayton, 
at a time when the political complexion of the 
city was strongly democratic, and in 1881 was 
re-elected. In the spring of 1896 he was 
nominated by the republican party for the 

office of judge of the common pleas court for 
the third sub-division of the second judicial 
district of Ohio, and in November following was 
elected by a large majority, taking his seat on 
the bench in the same month. As a lawyer 
Judge Kumler took rank among the leading 
and successful members of the Dayton bar, 
and as a judge, while having been on the bench 
but a short time, has given evidence of ability 
and promise of a useful career. 

^-VOSEPH W. KENNEDY, secretary and 
S treasurer of the Dayton Cast Steel 
(% 1 Plow company, is a native of Montgom- 
ery county, Ohio, and was born on a 
farm four miles north of Dayton, September 
22, 1869, a son of John and Martha (Dorst) 
Kennedy. The excellently equipped plant of 
the Cast Steel Plow company is located at 122 
North Front street. The business dates its 
inception back to 1885, when it was founded 
with the following named gentlemen as inter- 
ested principals: Stephen J. Allen, John Ken- 
nedy, Joseph Kennedy, L. S. Aughe, Joseph 
W. Kennedy, and Grafton C. Kennedy. The 
enterprise was established for the purpose of 
manufacturing cast-steel plows of special de- 
sign and of many points of recognized superi- 
ority, and the success of the venture is the 
best evidence of the character of the products 
turned out. The original executive corps of 
the company comprised Mr. Allen as president, 
Mr. Aughe as superintendent, and Joseph W. 
Kennedy as secretary and treasurer. The cap- 
ital stock is $18,000, while the surplus has now 
reached an aggregate of about $9,000. The 
works afford employment to a body of from 
twenty to twenty-five skilled operatives, and 
the most punctilious care is accorded to every 
detail of manufacture. The present members 
of the company areS. H. Carr, president; J. F. 
Allen, vice.-president; Joseph \V. Kennedy, sec- 



retary and treasurer; and L. S. Aughe, super- 
intendent. Joseph Kennedy, Sr. , and Grafton 
C. Kennedy have retired from the concern, 
and S. J. Allen is now deceased. The princi- 
pal trade territory covered by the company 
comprises Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky, and 
the business is gradually extending its range of 
operations as the merits of its products become 

Joseph W. Kennedy received his educa- 
tional discipline in the public schools of Day- 
ton, though he continued to reside on the old 
homestead until 1883, when he came to Day- 
ton and accepted a position as clerk in the 
establishment of C. Wight & Son, with whom 
he remained a few weeks, after which he be- 
came bookkeeper for the Parrott Manufactur- 
ing company, manufacturers of plows, contin- 
uing in their employ for two years. He then 
became personally interested in the enterprise 
with which he is at present identified, and has 
done much to insure the marked success which 
has attended the prosecution of the business. 
He is recognized as a representative of that 
progressive young element in the business cir- 
cles of Dayton which is carrying the city for- 
ward to an even more conspicuous place in 
the industrial world than she has yet attained. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Kennedy is a 
member of Miami lodge of the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and he is also identified with the Garfield 
club, a republican organization. His marriage 
was solemnized in July, 1887, when he wedded 
Miss Daisy A. Macy, a daughter of Davis 
Macy, a prominent farmer of Harrison town- 
ship, Montgomery county. Two children were 
born of this union, but the parents were called 
upon to bear a double bereavement in the 
death of both in the month of January, 1896 — 
Lawrence being seven years of age and How- 
ard M. five. Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church, in whose af- 
fairs they maintain an active interest. 


ject of this biographical review was 
born in Brensbach, Germany, De- 
cember 16, 1849. He lived for 
many years in Pittsburg, Pa., but has been a 
Buckeye resident since the fall of 1876. Ports- 
mouth, Ohio, was his first point of operations, 
whither he was called to direct the Harmonic 
society. The Ironton choral union was also 
under his direction for a season. In the summer 
of 187S the Dayton, Ohio, Philharmonic society 
extended a call to him, which was accepted, 
Otto Singer, so recently deceased, being his 
predecessor. Since then the Philharmonic 
society has been continuously under his direc- 
tion, and has won for itself and director a far 
more than local reputation. Indeed, the rep- 
ertory of choral works performed in Dayton 
will compare favorably with that of any of the 
prominent choral organizations of the country. 
The directorship of the Indianapolis, Ind., 
Lyra society (male chorus and orchestra) was 
intrusted to him for a season, also the Spring- 
field Orpheus mixed chorus, and, incidentally, 
two Ohio saengerfests in Dayton and Spring- 
field, respectively. The Cincinnati May festi- 
val chorus was given under his direction, su- 
perintended by Theodore Thomas, from 1891 
to 1895. 

Dayton's present musical status is largely 
to be attributed to Mr. Blumenschein's persist- 
ent efforts in the direction of classical culture. 
His pupils in piano-playing and singing have 
won for him a standing as teacher such as any 
musician and artist may be proud of. The 
surrounding towns have also contributed much 
of their best talent to his tutorship. The Third 
street Presbyterian church has claimed his 
services as organist and choir-director since 
October, 1878. 

As composer for piano and voice Mr. Blu- 
menschein hac had the satisfaction of being re- 
warded by favorable criticism in all the prom- 



inent musical journals ot the country. Sev- 
eral of his anthems have been reprinted in 
England, and quite recently a Leipsic, Ger- 
many, musical journal has published a sketch 
of his life and work, illustrated by his portrait. 
Considering that his residence has mostly been 
confined to an inland town, it is surely a credit 
to his ability thus to be a subject of consider- 
ation in other countries. 

What the future may bring to Mr. Blumen- 
schein is a matter of conjecture, of course, but 
as he is just in the prime of life and activity, 
it is reasonable to predict a continuance of the 
good work of the past, coupled with a fair 
measure of success. 

pastor of the First United Brethren 
church of Dayton, was born in Ham- 
ilton county, Ohio, August 22, 1848, 
and is a son of John and Milchi Ann (Maddux) 

John Mathews, a native of Westmoreland 
county, Pa., of German descent, was born in 
1805 and in 181 1 came to Ohio, coming down 
the Ohio river from Pittsburg, Pa., and land- 
ing in Cincinnati. He later bought from Gen. 
Taylor a farm which was a portion of the tract 
granted to the latter in recognition of earlier 
military service, and died on this farm, in 
Hamilton county, at the age of eighty-two 
years. Mrs. Milchi Ann Mathews, of English 
descent, was born near Frederick, Md. , in 
1 8 10, and was a daughter of a slave-holding 
father, who, however, liberated his living chat- 
tels before coming to Ohio for his place of 
residence. John Mathews and wife were the 
parents of nine children: James, a farmer, 
died in mature life; Mary was the wife of 
Stephen Markley, and died in Hamilton coun- 
ty, Ohio; Talitha is the widow of William 

Ayer, and Joseph is a farmer, both being resi- 
dents of Hamilton county; William H. is a 
lawyer of Cincinnati; Charles is a farmer of 
Hamilton county; Martha is the wife of 
F. M. Prickett, a contractor at Bethel, Ohio; 
George M. is next in order of birth, and Eliza- 
beth is married to P. McQuain, a contractor 
of Cincinnati. 

George M. Mathews was primarily educated 
in the public schools, and at the age of six- 
teen years entered Otterbein university, from 
the scientific department of which famous in- 
stitution of learning he graduated in 1870. He 
then was employed for several years as princi- 
pal of the graded schools in Hamilton county, 
and also studied law, but never practiced. In 
1878 he entered Lane Theological seminary, 
studied two years, and next entered Union 
Biblical seminary of Dayton, from which he 
graduated in 188 1. At this time he began his 
ministerial labors and organized the High 
street United Brethren church of Dayton, Ohio, 
and served as its pastor for. three years; for 
the next five years he had charge of the Sum- 
mit street church of this city, and was then 
elected presiding elder of the Miami confer- 
ence, in which capacity he served for five 
years. On retiring from the eldership he was 
appointed pastor of the First United Brethren 
church, of- this city, and in this capacity is now 
serving his third year. In 1894 he also be- 
came editor of the Quarterly Review of the 
United Brethren in Christ, a religious organ of 
high standard. 

Dr. Mathews is president of the board of 
trustees of the United Brethren Publishing 
house; he is also a member of the board of 
trustees of the Union Biblical seminary and a 
member of its executive committee; he is like- 
wise an alumnal trustee of Otterbein university. 
He has twice been a member of the general 
conference of his church, and was secretary of 
the committee that made the report which re- 



suited in the elimination of the so-called secrecy 
law in the church discipline. 

Dr. Mathews was united in marriage with 
Miss Clara Belle Hopper, a native of Hamilton 
county, Ohio, and a daughter of Abram Hop- 
per. One son, Milton H., the offspring of this 
union, is now twenty-two years of age, and is 
a student in the senior class at Otterbein uni- 
versity. In his politics Dr. Mathews is a pro- 
hibitionist, but usually affiliates with the re- 
publican party on national questions. Socially 
he is a member of the Present Day club of 
Dayton, which is composed of the leading pro- 
fessional and business men of the city. 

>-j»OHN HENRY VAILE, manufacturer 
g and inventor, of Dayton, Ohio, was 
A J born in Piqua, Miami county, Ohio, on 
March 31, 1844. He is the son of John 
and Lucy (Sherman) Vaile, deceased, natives 
of Vermont and Massachusetts respectively. 
John Vaile came from Vermont to Ohio and 
for some time was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits in Piqua, subsequently becoming princi- 
pal of the Piqua high school, a position he was 
holding at the time of his death, in September, 
1844. After the death of her husband, the 
widow returned to her former home in Lowell, 
Mass., where she died in 1873. 

J. H. Vaile was reared in Lowell, and was 
educated in the public schools. After passing 
through the high school he learned the trade 
of machinist and engineer. In 1862 he re- 
ceived an appointment as engineer in the 
United States navy. He served in the navy 
three years, a portion of which time was spent 
in the Monitor service and the remainder on 
vessels in different squadrons. He was prob- 
ably the youngest engineer in the United 
States navy, having received his appointment 
before he was eighteen years of age. He was 
second assistant engineer when he left the 

service. After leaving the navy Mr. Vaile be- ■ 
came associated with a glass manufacturer of 
Philadelphia, and gained his mercantile experi- 
ence while thus associated by selling and con- 
tracting on the road. In 1868 Mr. Vaile came 
to Dayton and entered the Barney-Smith Car 
works as a mechanical engineer. While thus 
engaged he came in contact with Mr. Holly, of 
the noted Holly Manufacturing company, and 
by that gentleman was employed as a mechan- 
ical engineer in Columbus, Covington and In- 
dianapolis. At the latter city he was retained 
as mechanical engineer and later as mechan- 
ical engineer and superintendent of streets for 
the Indianapolis Water Works company. In 
September, 1874, Mr. Vaile returned to Day- 
ton, and in connection with the late Preserved 
Smith and Walter W\ Smith established the 
Smith-Vaile Pump manufactory, under the 
firm name of Smith, Vaile & Co., with which 
he has since been identified. This enterprise 
was begun on a very small scale, only six men 
being employed at the start. The business 
grew from year to year until, in 1893, the works 
employed 450 men. During this time Mr. Vaile 
took out fifteen patents, upon which the busi- 
ness of Smith, Vaile & Co. has been developed. 
In 1 893 Smith, Vaile & Co. and the Stillwell 
& Bierce Manufacturing company were consoli- 
dated under the name of the Stillwell-Bierce 
& Smith-Vaile Manufacturing company, of 
which Mr. Vaile is a director, and is also man- 
ager of the east shops of the company. The 
Stillwell-Bierce & Smith-Vaile company is 
now one of the largest and most important 
manufacturing corporations in the west, its 
business extending all over the United States 
and Canada, and having an established agency 
in London and a growing trade in all foreign 
countries. Mr. Vaile is also identified with 
other enterprises. He is president of the 
American Carbon company, which has its fac- 
tories at Noblesville, Ind., and in which com- 

7 r^x^yC^ 



pany are interested such leading Dayton citi- 
zens as John W. Stoddard, E. Morgan Wood, 
Sylvester H. Carr, George W. Shaw and Wal- 
ter W. Smith. 

He is a director in the Merchants' National 
bank of Dayton, a stockholder in the Dayton 
street railway, is a member and stockholder 
in the Dayton club and a stockholder in the 
Miami club. He a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, being a knight templar in that order. 

Mr. Vaile was married in 1878 to Miss 
Alvina, daughter of Hugh Wiggim, of Dayton. 
He is considered one of Dayton's representa- 
tive citizens and successful manufacturers. He 
has established a reputation as a careful, con- 
servative and thoroughly reliable business man, 
yet aggressive and enterprising to a marked de- 
gree. As a citizen he has always exhibited a 
commendable public spirit in matters pertain- 
ing to the growth and development of the city 
and its enterprises. 

>-j* ELLIOT PEIRCE, president of the 
■ Peirce & Coleman company, of Dayton, 
/• 1 Ohio, is a nati*e of this city, was born 
April 17, 1 861, the son of Jeremiah H. 
and Elizabeth (Forrer) Peirce, and was edu- 
cated in the late Cooper academy. 

Jeremiah H. Peirce, father of J. Elliot 
Peirce, and his wife were also born in Dayton 
— the father in September, 1818. His father, 
Joseph Peirce, with his wife, was of the Mari- 
etta party, who effected the first settlement in 
the Buckeye state, the Peirce family settling 
in Dayton near the beginning of the present 
century. The grandfather of J. Elliot Peirce 
was a banker in the early days of this city, in 
which he passed his later years as one of its 
most prominent and influential citizens. Jere- 
miah H. was early connected with the Miami 
Lard Oil company and maintained this con- 
nection until 1876, when he became interested I 

in the business with which his son, J. Elliot, 
is now identified, the title of the original firm 
being Peirce & Coleman. 

The Peirce & Coleman company was in- 
corporated in 1 89 1, Mr. Peirce being then 
elected to his present office, which he has since 
so capably filled, adding each year, through 
his business talent, to the prosperity and pro- 
gressiveness of the concern. The company- 
does a general contracting and building busi- 
ness, including mill work and dealing exten- 
sively in hardwood lumber and finishings, and 
usually employing 150 men, although for the 
past two years the number has been some- 
what less. 

Mr. Peirce was married, in 1885, to Miss 
Fannie Harsh, a native of Findlay, Ohio, 
where her parents passed the greater part of 
their lives, but are now deceased, leaving Mrs. 
Peirce the sole survivor of the Harsh family. 
She is now the mother of three daughters, 
named, in the order of birth, Elizabeth For- 
rer, Virginia O'Neil and Mary Frances. In 
politics Mr. Peirce is a republican. He is a 
scholarly gentleman and a business man of the 
strictest integrity; is public-spirited and ever 
ready to aid all undertakings designed for the 
public good, or calculated to advance the prog- 
ress of his native city and county. 

a APT. JOHN A.' MILLER, cashier of 
the Pasteur Chamberland Filter com- 
pany, of Dayton, Ohio, was born at 
Annville, Lebanon county, Pa., No- 
vember 4, 1839. His. parents were Jacob and 
Lydia (Hershey) Miller, both natives of Leb- 
anon county. The husband and father was 
an elder in the Church of God, and spent his 
life largely in doing missionary work for that 
religious body. He was venerated by those 
best acquainted with him for his genuinely 
religious feeling, and much regarded for his 



kind and neighborly qualities. The family is 
of Scottish origin, the grandfather of Capt. 
Miller coming directly from Scotland. 

Capt. Miller was the second child in a 
family of seven sons and three daughters, of 
whom seven are now living. His boyhood 
was spent in Lancaster county, Pa., where he 
secured a very good common-school education. 
While still a lad, he came to Dayton, in 1856, 
but remained here only a brief time, accepting 
a good position in a store at Miamisburg, where 
he worked as a clerk until 1862. He found 
himself by that time both unable and unwill- 
ing to resist any longer the flood of patriotic 
devotion that was sweeping Ohio's best and 
bravest young men into the great crusade for 
union and freedom, and he enlisted on the 9th 
day of October in that year, and was assigned 
for duty to company E, First Ohio volun- 
teer infantry. The gallant First was a fight- 
ing regiment, and made itself felt on many a 
desperate and bloody field of battle. It was 
attached to the command of Gen. Rosecrans, 
and its history is part of that of the army of 
the Cumberland. At the battle of Chicka- 
mauga Capt. Miller was taken prisoner on the 
evening of September 19, 1863, and was held 
by the enemy for fourteen months. He was 
in the rebel prisons at Belle Isle, Danville, 
Andersonville, Savannah and Millen, Ga., and 
suffered during these long and dreary months 
untold hardships. Even though offered sev- 
eral details for duty outside, he persistently 
refused to accept, believing that such service 
was inconsistent with the duty he owed to the 
Union. But all things end, and his release 
from suffering and destitution came at last in 
the form of a parole. He was given a fur- 
lough, but soon returned to the front, and, his 
regiment having been mustered out, he was 
transferred to the Eighteenth Ohio volunteer 
infantry. He was with this regiment when 
his discharge from the service occurred, Octo- 

ber 9, 1865. He was an efficient and capable 
soldier, and had already won promotion when 
the regiment was retired to civil life. He was 
appointed sergeant-major of the regiment, and 
had received his commission as second lieuten- 
ant of company E. 

His active military experiences in actual 
war at an end, Capt. Miller made his way 
back to Dayton, and took a position as sales- 
man in a wholesale queensware establishment, 
and in 1867 was appointed deputy county clerk 
under Fred Fox. This position he held for 
only four months, when he resigned it to return 
to the office of his former employers, in the 
capacity of bookkeeper, and continued with 
them for more than ten years. The Ohio Fair 
association called for his services as secretary, 
and offered him such inducements that he did 
not think it wise to remain longer at the book- 
keeper's desk. At this time he was also sec- 
retary of the Home Avenue railroad, and sec- 
retary of the Southern Ohio stock yards, and, 
though a busy man, he found it possible to take 
on a little more work. He was active in the 
organization of the Dayton zouaves, the first 
military company organized in Dayton since 
the war. In recognition of his valuable serv- 
ices in its behalf, as well as in acknowledg- 
ment of his executive ability, he was made its 
captain in May, 1873. Later this organiza- 
tion was designated as company A, Fourth reg- 
iment, O. N. G. This office he resigned in 
1 88 1, and seven years later recruited company 
C, Thirteenth O. N. G., of which he was also 
elected captain. His first company was called 
out to avert a threatened lynching, by guard- 
ing the Dayton jail. It was also out two weeks 
during the great railroad strikes in 1877, and 
guarded the first freight train out when the 
strikes were declared at an end. He com- 
manded this company during a competitive 
drill in Saint Louis in 1879, when its perfect 
drill and soldierly appearance attracted gen- 



eral admiration. With his present company 
Capt. Miller was called again to guard the jail 
at Dayton to prevent another lynching; and in 
1892, during the great coal strikes, was on 
duty eleven days. 

Capt. Miller continued as secretary of the 
Ohio Fair association for about four year's, 
when he resigned this as well as other posi- 
tions, to return for the third time to the em- 
ployment of the old firm, George A. Black 
being now the principal member of it. Here 
he was busy at the bookkeeper's desk for a 
year or more, when he set up business for him- 
self and so continued for a year. He then en- 
tered into partnership with Mr. Barger, and 
the two carried on a very successful wholesale 
queensware business for seven years. In 1890 
he secured his present position, where his faith- 
ful services are thoroughly appreciated by the 

Capt. Miller married Miss Amanda E. 
Chambers, a native of Dayton, whose father, 
R. M. Chambers, is a prominent contractor, 
and is widely known among the city's repre- 
sentative business men. They have one child, 
a daughter, now Mrs. Frank A. Groves, of this 
city. Capt. Miller is prominent in Masonic 
circles, having received the thirty-second de- 
gree in the A. A. S. R. of that order. The 
various Masonic bodies with which he is con- 
nected are all in Dayton, except the consis- 
tory, which is in Cincinnati. He is past mas- 
ter of Mystic lodge No. 405, Dayton ; past 
high priest. Unity chapter No. 16, R. A. M., 
and past thrice illustrious master of Reese 
council No. 9, R. & S. M. He has served 
several years as captain-general of Reed com- 
mandery No. 6, and commanded this organi- 
zation at the prize drill of the triennial en- 
campment at the grand commandery in Chi- 
cago in 1 88 1. He was grand master of cere- 
monies in the lodge of Perfection, Scottish 
rite, for a number of years, and has also taken 

a deep interest in kindred societies, such as 
the Knights of Pythias. He is a member of 
Iola lodge No. 83 of this order, and was cap- 
tain of Iola division when it was instituted, 
serving about four years. As might well be 
imagined, the Grand Army has received from 
him a service of love. He is a member of Old 
Guard post No. 23, of this city, and holds the 
position of P. P. C. He served a term as as- 
sistant inspector-general, department of Ohio, 
and a term as aid-de-camp on the staff of the 
department commander. He is a member of 
the military service institution of the United 
States, an organization composed of officers of 
the United States army and officers of the na- 
tional guard. In his political relations, Capt. 
Miller affiliates actively and earnestly with the 
republican party. While at Miamisburg he 
was a member of the German Reformed 
church, but since his residence in this city he 
has become a member of the First English 
Lutheran church. 

cessful business man of Dayton, deal- 
ing in fuel, lime, cement, etc., is a 
native of Ohio, born within a short 
distance of his present location, on the 14th 
of July, 1853. His father was Alexander M. 
Smart, a ship builder of Connecticut, where 
his birth occurred May 10, 1807. Alexander 
M. Smart married Mary J. Slaght, came to 
Dayton about the year 1835, and remained in 
this city until his death, January 25, 1881; 
Mrs. Smart died November 21, 1875. Alex- 
ander and Mary J. Smart were both of Scotch- 
Irish descent; they reared a family of five chil- 
dren, viz: Maggie, who died September 6, 
1872; Geddes, who died when young; George, 
who is secretary of the Dayton Gas Light & 
Coke company; Andrew F. and Harry S. — the 



last named employed as clerk in the office of 
his next older brother. 

Andrew Ferris Smart graduated from the 
Central high school of Dayton in the class of 
1 87 1, and commenced business in partnership 
with C. A. Starr, Esq., handling fuel, lime 
and cement, in which branch of trade he has 
since continued. The firm of C. A. Starr & 
Co. existed for a period of ten years, at the 
end of which time, in 1S85, Mr. Smart with- 
drew and engaged in business upon his own 
responsibility at his present location, Nos. 
524-6 South Wayne avenue, where he now 
deals in all kinds of coal and wood, cement, 
sewer pipe, lime, etc. He has a well-estab- 
lished business, and his trade, profitable from 
the beginning, has constantly increased until, 
at this time, his establishment is one of the 
best known and most successful of the kind in 
the city. 

Mr. Smart and Miss Harriet S. Jones, of 
Dayton, were united in marriage December 
15, 1 88 1 ; they have had three children — Alex- 
ander, Emma E. and Roy A. The last named 
died at the age of five months. Mrs. Smart 
was born at Fair Haven, Butler county, Ohio, 
and received a liberal education in the city 
schools of Hamilton. Mr. Smart is promi- 
nently connected with the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to Saint John's lodge No. 13; Unity 
chapter No. 16, R. A. M. ; Reese council No. 
9, R. & S. M. ; Reed commandery No. 6, K. 
T. ; Gabriel lodge of Perfection, Scottish 
rite; Miami council, P. of J. ; Dayton chapter 
of Rose Croix; Ohio consistory, S. P. S. He 
is also identified with the I. O. O. F., being a 
member of the encampment branch of the or- 
der; the subordinate lodge to which he belongs 
is Wayne No. 10, and his name appears upon 
the rolls of Dayton encampment No. 2. In 
addition to the above orders Mr. Smart belongs 
to lodge No. 32, K. of P., which he has repre- 
sented for the past five years in the grand lodge 

of the state. He is a member of the Dayton 
division No. 5, uniform rank, K. of P., is iden- 
tified with the American Legion of Honor, and 
belongs to May Flower council, O. U. A. M., 
No. 33. In state and national affairs Mr. 
Smart is a democrat, but in local matters he 
refuses to be bound by party ties, casting his 
ballot for the person whom he thinks best qual- 
ified for official position. 

aHARLES J. McKEE, a prominent 
and active member of the Montgom- 
ery county bar, was born at Hillsboro, 
Highland county, Ohio, January 23, 
1856, and is a son of Samuel and Rebecca 
Crawford (Cox) McKee. In April, 1861, the 
family moved to Dayton, and in September of 
the following year Charles J. entered the Perry 
street district school. For thirteen years he 
successfully pursued his studies in the Dayton 
schools, graduating from the Central high 
school June 16, 1875. 

His early inclinations led him to choose the 
legal profession for his life work, and in July, 
1875, he began the study of law with the firm 
of Young & Gottschall, teaching a country 
school at Liberty, Ohio, during the winter of 
1877-78. April 23, 1878, he was admitted to 
the Montgomery county bar, but feeling in 
need of further preparation before beginning 
practice, continued the study of law for a year 
and a half longer, at the same time teaching 
in the Mumma district in Harrison township. 
He opened an office in Dayton September 1 1, 
1 879, .and on November 1, 1881, formed a law 
partnership with Walter D. Jones, a member 
of the Dayton bar. The partnership continued 
up to January 1, 1888, since which time Mr. 
McKee has pursued his legal practice alone, 
confining himself almost exclusively to civil 

Though professional duties have claimed 



his constant attention, he has given some con- 
sideration to other business matters, having to 
a considerable extent been identified with 
building association interests, and is at present 
secretary and attorney for one of the leading 
associations of the city. He was attorney for 
the board of education in 1888-89-90, this 
being the only public office he has ever held. 
On April 23, 1889, Mr. McKee was mar- 
ried to Miss Sarah Stewart Hughes, daughter 
of Rev. J. R. Hughes, and three children have 
been born to them. As a lawyer Mr. McKee 
holds a high rank at the Montgomery county 
bar, with a reputation for ability, learning and 
successful management of legal business. As 
a citizen he is interested in public affairs, and 
especially in the advancement of the cause of 
good government and municipal progress. 

*y-* OWARD F. PEIRCE, a native of 

|r\ Dayton, Ohio, and one of the most 

F popular musicians of the city, deserves 

especial mention in this work, and 

before tracing his genealogy, mention will here 

be made of his career as an artist in music, 

preceded by a brief sketch touching his early 


Howard F. Peirce was endowed by nature 
with large musical gifts and this inborn faculty 
has been carefully cultivated since his child- 
hood days. His studies of the piano and har- 
mony under his earliest teachers (notably, 
Prof. Huesman, of Dayton) developed so great 
a genius for the art that he was placed under 
the guidance of the accomplished Prof. Blu- 
menschein, also of Dayton, and in 18S6, when 
twenty-one years of age, was sent to Europe, 
that he might improve his already excellent 
practice as a pianist. He spent about three 
years in Munich, under the tuition of Giehrl on 
the piano, and that of Rheinberger in theory. 
At Florence, Italy, he passed eight months 

under the culminating instruction of the great 
pianist, Giuseppe Buonamici, and on his return 
to Dayton his proficiency was at once recog- 
nized and he was awarded a high rank among 
musical artists. Since then, his work as a 
pianist has been made a prominent feature, at 
various times, in leading concerts in Boston, 
Cincinnati, Detroit, Cleveland, and other of the 
principal cities of the United States, and has 
always secured the highest praise from musical 
critics, the press and the public. 

Mr. Peirce has the happy faculty of being 
able always to fall into sympathy with the score 
set before him, and, with a vigorous or delicate 
touch, give forth all the fine shades of mean- 
ings indicated by the composition. He is ever 
conscientious and true to the author, and never 
seeks, by a meretricious display of his own 
power and skill, to substitute himself for the 
maestro; he is content with a correct interpre- 
tation of the composer's thought, and this 
quality has, no doubt, won for him his fame 
with true lovers of music. 

Mr. Peirce, for the past ten years, has 
been organist of Grace Methodist Episcopal 
church of Dayton, and also has regular en- 
gagements as an accompanist to noted singers, 
who make stated tours. 

Howard F. Peirce was born May 4, 1865, 
the son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Forrer) 
Peirce, whose parents were early settlers of 
Dayton. Isaac Peirce, father of Jeremiah, 
was a banker and a prominent leader in public 
affairs from the time of his coming to this 
place until his demise. Jeremiah Peirce was 
born in Dayton, was a solid business man and 
a substantial citizen, did a great deal of work 
towards advancing the material and moral wel- 
fare of the community, and died in his native 
city in 1889, honored and beloved by all who 
knew him. Mrs. Peirce died in 1874. 

Samuel Forrer, the maternal grandfather 
of Howard F. Peirce, was one of Dayton's 



earliest settlers, was a civil engineer, and the 
superintendent of the construction of the 
Miami canal. To the marriage of Jeremiah 
and Elizabeth Peirce there were born, beside 
Howard F., three sons and four daughters, of 
whom Samuel, the eldest, died when about 
seven years of age; Henrietta, the wife of 
Eugene Parrott, resides in Dayton; Edward 
died when he was about seventeen years old; 
Sarah H., who organized the first kindergarten 
in Dayton, is now conducting the principal 
school of that character in the city; Mary died 
in young womanhood; Elizabeth, a trained 
nurse, was educated in this profession in the 
Massachusetts general hospital of Boston; J. 
Elliot is successor to the business of his father. 

>y'OHN CHARLES CLINE, superintend- 
■ ent of Woodland cemetery, Dayton, 
(• J Ohio, was born in Switzerland February 
i, 1844, and in 1851 came to America 
with his parents, who settled in Dayton. 
These parents were John P. and Theresa (Leub- 
ing) Cline, the former of whom was born in 
Edelfingen, ober amt Mergentheim, Wurtem- 
berg, Germany, was a blacksmith, and died of 
cholera, in Dayton, in 1S54; the mother, who 
was a native of Switzerland, died at the same 
time and place. They had two children, John 
Charles, and Catherine, who died in infancy. 
John C. Cline, being thus early bereft of 
his parents, was in 1856 adopted into the fam- 
ily of William W. Lane, then superintendent 
of Woodland cemetery, and in this family was 
reared to manhood, receiving a limited educa- 
tion in the common schools. September 22, 
1 861, he enlisted in company C, First Ohio 
volunteer infantry, then commanded by Capt. 
(afterward Gen.) Gates P. Thurston, and 
served three years with the army of the Cum- 
berland, nniler Gens. Rosecrans, Thomas, 
Rousseau, and other commanding officers. He 

took part in all the general engagements of his 
corps, was off duty sixteen days only during the 
three years, and was honorably discharged at 
Chattanooga September 16, 1864. He then 
returned to Dayton and resumed his labors un- 
der Mr. Lane, as assistant superintendent of 
Woodland, and, on a change of management 
in 1S69, was appointed superintendent. Dur- 
ing this period of twenty-seven years there have 
been 14, 570 interments, the total number being 
20,548 from the time of the founding of the 
cemetery until the date of this sketch, June 9, 
1896. Few cities in the Union have a more 
beautiful resting place for their dead than 
Woodland. It comprises 100 acres and thirty 
men are constantly employed in its care, all 
under the general superintendence of Mr. Cline, 
who gives to it the most constant and intelli- 
gent attention. 

October 4, 1866, J. C. Cline was united in 
marriage in Hanover, Jackson county, Mich., 
with Miss Fannie E. Dew, a native of Spring- 
field, Ohio, the union resulting in the birth of 
four children, viz: Walter, who is a student 
in the Ohio university; Carl, a graduate of the 
Dayton high school; Luther, still a student in 
that institution, and Haidee, deceased. The 
family are members of the Lutheran church. 
In politics Mr. Cline was reared a republican 
by his foster parents, and on attaining his man- 
hood he readily dropped into the ranks of that 

Fraternally, Mr. Cline is a member of 
Wayne lodge No. 10, I. O. O. F. , of which 
he is a past grand; also of Miami lodge No. 
32, K. of P.; of Old Guard post, No. 23, 
G. A. R., and of Gem City lodge. As a 
republican, Mr. Cline has held various offices 
of trust and responsibility; he served as a 
member of the city council one year, having 
been elected from a strongly democratic ward, 
and while in this position voted for an ordi- 
nance which obliterated his own ward, thus vo- 



ting himself out of office. He was also a mem- 
ber of the board of police commissioners for 
four years, having received this appointment 
from the governor of the state. 

Mr. Cline and his children are the only 
representatives of his family in America. When 
he speaks of the early experience of his parents 
in the new world, with no friends nor even a 
knowledge of the prevailing tongue, his words 
recall the early trials endured by the pioneers 
of the country. His father's untimely death, 
and that of his mother immediately afterward, 
were sad blows to him, thus left to the care of 
strangers; but he has so lived as to prove him- 
self to be worthy of the kindness bestowed upon 
him by Mr. Lane in his childhood, and is to-day 
one of the trusted and respected citizens of the 
community in which he resides. Mr. Cline 
ever speaks of the Lane family with feelings 
of profound respect and gratitude, as, when in 
need, they were his best friends, and did their 
whole duty by him as their adopted son. 

^j* HALE PARDONNER, vice-president 
m and manager of tha John Rouzer Con- 
st 1 tracting & Building company of Day- 
ton, Ohio, is a native of this city and 
was born March 22, 1849, a son of John A. 
and Jane (Van Sandt) Pardonner, the former of 
whom was a native of Germany and the latter 
of Kentucky. The father came to America in 
middle life, was engaged in the shoe business 
in Cincinnati and Dayton, and died in Cler- 
mont county at the advanced age of ninety 
years, his widow still residing in Clermont 
county. It is stated that John Van Sandt, 
father of Mrs. Pardonner, was the man who 
harbored Eliza, the well-known character in 
Mrs. Stowe's famous novel, "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin," and that he appears in the story under 
the name of John Van Tromp. 

John A. Pardonner and family were the 

parents of twelve children, of whom six are 
still living, J. Hale, the second, being the 
subject of this memoir. Hale, as he is best 
known, received his elementary education in 
Dayton, and at the age of fourteen years en- 
listed for six months in the Fourth battalion, 
Ohio volunteer cavalry, being probably next to 
the youngest, if not the youngest, lad in Ohio to 
take up arms in defense of the Union. He 
served in Tennessee, with headquarters at 
Cumberland Gap, and had many skirmishes 
with guerrillas in guarding government stores. 
After fully seven months in this service, he re- 
enlisted, but this time in the One Hundred and 
Thirty-first Ohio infantry, for the 100-day serv- 
ice, and was stationed at Baltimore, Md. 
In each case our subject received an honorable 

In 1867 Mr. Pardonner married Miss Sarah 
Sophia Hinsey, a native of Dayton and daugh- 
ter of John Hinsey, an old resident, well known 
as Esquire Hinsey. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Pardonner are William S., John H., and 
Bertha. Of these the eldest, William S., is 
the assistant manager of the Norfolk Beet 
Sugar company, at Norfolk, Nebr. ; John H. is 
a draftsman for an architect in Dayton, Ohio, 
and Bertha is at home with her parents. 

J. Hale Pardonner, the subject, is a Free Ma- 
son, a past grand of the I. O. O. F. , and a mem- 
ber of Old Guard post, G. A. R., Dayton, arid 
is, beside, a member of several other social and 
beneficial orders of the same city. In politics 
he is a republican, and in religion he and wife 
are members of the First Reformed church. 
The business relations of Mr. Pardonner with 
the Rouzer company began in 1 869, and he has 
passed through every department of the con- 
cern until reaching his present responsible posi- 
tion, although he began as journeyman with 
John Rouzer, and held that relation for several 
years. He then became a partner in the busi- 
ness until the incorporation. On the formation 



of the present company, in 1890, he became 
manager, and at the death of Mr. Rouzer was 
elected vice-president and general manager. 
The capital stock of the company is $100,000, 
and it employs from seventy-five to 125 hands, 
turning out every variety of mill work. 

William S. Pardonner, eldest son of J. Hale 
and Sarah Sophia Pardonner, married Bessie, 
the daughter of Hon. George Wilson, deputy 
commissioner of internal revenue, appointed 
under President Harrison, and still retaining 
the office. 

The brothers and sisters of J. Hale Par- 
donner, who still survive from a family of 
twelve, are Clemma, who is unmarried and has 
her home with her mother in Bethel, Clermont 
county, Ohio; Mrs. George Hughes, who re- 
sides in Dayton; Mrs. McLeod, who is a resi- 
dent of Cincinnati; William and Albert, who 
are partners in a mercantile business in Mid- 
dletown, Ohio. 

HDOLPH NEWSALT, the leading jew- 
eler, of Dayton, Ohio, and owner of 
one of the finest establishments of the 
kind in the state of Ohio, if not in 
the entire west, was born in Prussia, Decem- 
ber 25, 1848. 

The father of Mr. Newsalt died in Ger- 
many, and in 1857, with his mother, Adolph 
came to the United States, landing in New 
York. For a time after reaching this country 
he attended school in the city of New York, 
and then went to La Crosse, Wis., situated on 
the east bank of the Mississippi river, and there 
in i860 he began an apprenticeship at the 
jeweler's trade, serving four years. In 1S64 
he came to Dayton, his mother having, in 
i860, removed to this city from Saint Louis. 
Up . reaching Dayton he went to work in the 
jewelry store of Henry Kline, under the Phillips 
house. He remained with Mr. Kline for one 

year, at the end of which period he went to 
Springfield, Ohio, and there worked for A. 
Aaron, a jeweler, for somewhat more than a 
year. He had now accumulated a little over 
$300, and returning to Dayton he at once es- 
tablished himself in the jewelry business on a 
very small scale on Fifth street. His business 
was at first so small that he was able to do all 
of his work himself, and this was the case for 
about two years; but it was a frequent expe- 
rience for him to be at work at his bench as late 
as one or two o'clock in the morning. 

By degrees his business so increased that 
he was at length compelled to move into larger 
quarters. This necessity was forced upon him 
at several different times, his business extending 
year by year, until at length he prevailed upon 
Mr. John Bosler to tear down his little house 
on Fifth street and erect for him upon its site 
a large store room in which he remained for 
fifteen years. Upon the completion of the 
Davies building at Fourth and Main streets, 
Mr. Newsalt removed into his present quarters, 
which were designed especially for his business, 
he having leased the room in which he is now 
located prior to the. completion of the building. 

The establishment is one of the most com- 
plete and best designed in the country, and it 
is no uncommon thing for parties to come from 
great distances, as from Saint Louis and other 
points, to pattern after it in their respective 
homes. It covers a space 32 X75 feet in size, 
with a basement of the same dimensions un- 
derneath. The entire fronts, on both Main 
and Fourth streets, are of glass, thus making 
it one of the finest show rooms to be found. 
Mr. Newsalt employs twenty men the year 
round, and in business seasons adds to his force 
as occasion requires. 

Mr. Newsalt was married in Dayton, No- 
vember 10, 1870, to Sarah Wise, formerly 
from Paducah, Ky. One son has been born to 
this marriage, T. A. Newsalt, who was edu- 




cated at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. , and who is now 
in his father's establishment as salesman, an 
excellent position in which to gain a full knowl- 
edge of the business and of the trade of jew- 
eler. Mr. Newsalt is, in point of fact and in 
the best sense of the word, a self-made man, 
and his career should be the means of encour- 
aging the young men of this day to be satisfied 
with small beginnings. 

^y^VHILIP A. KEMPER, importer and 
1 ■ wholesale dealer in materials for art 
embroidery, etc., Dayton, Ohio, was 
born at Wallhausen, not far from the 
beautiful city of Bingen on the Rhine, Ger- 
many, in 1835. In his fifteenth year he came 
to America, landing in Philadelphia, and after 
attending school in that city for eight months 
in order to familiarize himself to some extent 
with the English language, he entered the store 
of an uncle, as an errand boy, and for eleven 
years faithfully did his duty to his employer, 
advancing by successive promotions to the po- 
sition of first book-keeper. 

In August, 1859, at his request the mother 
of Mr. Kemper, with her six remaining chil- 
dren, came to America. In 1861 he came 
to Dayton, Ohio, to establish himself in busi- 
ness, and, having perfected his plans, he re- 
turned to Philadelphia, whence he came back 
in August with his family. In a short time 
after his arrival in the Gem City, Mr. Kemper 
established a dress-trimmings and fancy goods 
store at the northwest corner of Second and 
Main streets, under the firm name of Philip A. 
Kemper & Sisters. Success attended this firm 
for the period of nine years, when Mr. Kem- 
per rented the old Franklin house, on the op- 
posite corner, and remodeled the building for 
store purposes. This store was occupied by 
him until 1880, when he removed to his own 
premises, Nos. 19 and 21 West Second street, 

his present location. His businessconsists prin- 
cipally in furnishing convent schools through- 
out the country with materials for fancy needle 
and embroidery work, as well as supplying 
these articles at wholesale to other dealers. 
His trade, which is altogether wholesale, fills 
a peculiar want in the market, his shipments 
going to all parts of the Union and to Mexico. 

The youngest brother of Mr. Kemper is the 
Rev. Charles S. Kemper, Catholic chaplain of 
the national military home, near Dayton, of 
whom brief mention is made elsewhere. 

Philip A. Kemper is recognized as one of 
the public-spirited and useful citizens of Day- 
ton, and is especially active in forwarding the 
educational and charitable work of the Roman 
Catholic church. 

member of the firm of G. W. & E. E. 
Buvinger, proprietors of the Dayton 
Cornice works, corner of East Third 
and Canal streets, is one of the well-known 
business men and prominent citizens of Day- 
ton. Mr. Buvinger was born in this city, 
within three blocks of his present place of busi- 
ness, on December 26, 1837, and is the eldest 
child born to Henry and Cassandra (Everest) 
Buvinger, of whom fuller mention is made in 
connection with the sketch of E. E. Buvinger. 
With the exception of his time of service in the 
army, Mr. Buvinger has spent his entire life in 
Dayton, and few men are more widely and fa- 
vorably known in the community. He at- 
tended the public schools and acquired a fair 
knowledge of the common English branches, 
which, supplemented by habits of reading, study 
and observation, has made him a broad- 
minded and intelligent man, liberally educated 
in that knowledge of men and affairs which 
schools and colleges alone cannot impart. His 
early life was spent in various employments 



until the war cloud darkened the national hori- 
zon, when he offered his services to his country, 
enlisting in April, 1S61, shortly after President 
Lincoln made his call for 75,000 men. The 
quota being filled before his regiment was 
formed, Mr. Buvinger was not permitted at 
that time to go to the front. In 1862 he re- 
sponded to the call of the governor of the state 
during the Kirby Smith raid, and served in 
what was known as the "Squirrel Hunters" 
brigade in and about Cincinnati. After that 
the National Guard was organized, and he be- 
came a member of company A, of Dayton, and 
continued a member until the final discharge 
in 1S65. In June, 1863, he enlisted in the 
Fourth Independent battalion of Ohio volun- 
teer cavalry. This regiment did duty in south- 
ern Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. 
On being discharged from this service on ac- 
count of termination of term of enlistment, in 
February, 1864, Mr. Buvinger returned to 
Ohio, and remained in Dayton until the follow- 
ing May, when company A, O. N. G., was 
called out by the governor and mustered into 
the One Hundred and Thirty-first Ohio volun- 
teer infantry for 100 days, though it remained 
a longer period, doing garrison duty principally 
in Maryland and Virginia. 

Since the war Mr. Buvinger has been act- 
ively engaged in business in Dayton. The 
Dayton Cornice works, with which he has 
so long been identified, has been in existence 
for thirty years at its present locality, 
and is regarded as one of the important 
enterprises of the Gem City. The business 
consists in the manufacturing of galvanized iron 
cornices, tin, slate, iron, and copper roofing, 
and all kinds of sheet metal work. The fol- 
lowing are a few of the prominent buildings 
in the city on which they had contracts: City 
buildings, new court house, Firemen's build- 
ing, Kuhn's building, Deaconess hospital, 
Ohmer building, Third street Presbyterian 

church, Beckel bank building, and Reibold's 
Jefferson block. 

Mr. Buvinger occupies a prominent posi- 
tion in the business and social affairs of the 
city. He is enterprising, progressive and lib- 
eral-minded in his views, and is fully alive to 
all that tends to the advancement of the pub- 
lic interest, enjoying the confidence and esteem 
of all with whom he is in any way associated. 
In his political views Mr. Buvinger is an ardent 
republican. In 1891-92 he served as a mem- 
ber of the Dayton city council, was vice-presi- 
dent of that body in 1892, and was largely 
instrumental in promoting much important 
municipal legislation. In social and fraternal 
circles Mr. Buvinger is quite prominent. He 
is a member of the F. & A. M., Knights Tem- 
plar, I. O. O. F., K. of P., A. O. U. W., 
National Union, Royal Arcanum, and G. A. R. 
He is also a member of the Dayton board of 
trade. Both himself and family are members 
of Christ Episcopal church. 

Mr. Buvinger was married, in 1867, to Miss 
Jane Smith, a native of Ecton, Northampton- 
shire, England. Mrs. Buvinger's native village 
has some American significance in that it is 
the birthplace of the ancestors of Washington 
and Franklin. Mrs. Buvinger came to Day- 
ton with her parents in 1850, and was educated 
in the city schools. Prior to her marriage she 
was for some time assistant principal of the 
Fourth district school. To Mr. and Mrs. Buv- 
inger the following children have been born: 
Bertha, Emma, George A., and Minnie Ever- 
est, the last named having died in infancy. 
Miss Bertha is a graduate of both the Dayton 
high and normal schools, and has spent two 
years in traveling; George A. is a graduate of 
the Dayton high school, and also a graduate in 
mechanical engineering of Lehigh university, 
at Bethlehem, Pa., and is a young man of 
much promise and bright prospects for future 



terer and confectioner, at the corner 
of Third and Ludlow streets, Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in Connellsville, Pa., 
May 1 8, i860, and is a son of Joseph and 
Margaret (Gebhart) Newcomer, who are of 
German descent. 

Joseph Newcomer was born in Fayette 
county. Pa., February 14, 1825, a son of John 
and Barbara (Snyder) Newcomer. His great- 
grandfather Newcomer was the first of the 
family to come from Germany and he settled in 
Pennsylvania. Henry Snyder, maternal grand- 
father of Joseph Newcomer, served eight years 
in the war of the Revolution. Joseph was one 
of a family of nine children, born in the fol- 
lowing order: Lydia, Jacob, Samuel, John, 
Joseph, Polly, Catherine, Barbara and Sarah, 
of whom two sons and one daughter are liv- 
ing at this writing. 

Joseph Newcomer was reared a farmer, was 
educated in the public schools, and when 
twenty-one years of age engaged in mercantile 
business on his own account in Bentleysville, 
Washington county, Pa., but eighteen months 
later removed to Connellsville, Fayette county, 
where he was engaged in mercantile business 
seventeen years. He then moved to Pittsburg, 
was in the wholesale grocery trade ten years, 
and in 1875 came to Dayton, Ohio, and here 
conducted a retail grocer)' for five years. Dur- 
ing the next five years he held a partnership in 
the bookbinding and printing house known as 
the Holden Manufacturing company, and since 
then has lived in retirement, excepting two 
years, when he filled the position of truant of- 
ficer in the public schools. In politics he is 
a republican, and served two years as ward 

He was united in marriage October 1, 1857, 
with Miss Margaret E. Gebhart, daughter of 
Frederick and Catherine (Walter) Gebhart, one 
of the oldest families of Somerset county, Pa., 

where Mrs. Newcomer was born April 17, 
1827. To this marriage have been born six 
children, viz: Kate, wife of Edward F. Cooper, 
of Dayton; Frederick W., whose name opens 
this biography; Mary, deceased; Charles G., 
who is foreman of a bookbindery in Savannah, 
Ga. ; Annie, wife of George M. Lee, of Down- 
er's Grove, a suburb of Chicago, 111., and 
Bessie, deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Newcomer 
are members of the Christian church, and 
reside at No. 122 East Second street, where 
they are surrounded by a large circle of 
warm friends. 

Frederick W. Newcomer was reared in 
Pennsylvania until fifteen years of age, and 
was educated in the public schools. In 1875 
he came to Dayton, Ohio, with his parents, 
and for a time was employed as clerk in his 
father's grocery, and later by C. C. Moses in 
the same capacity, for five years. For the 
next five years he held the position of foreman 
of the jobbing department of the Holden 
Manufacturing company, and was then again 
employed by C. C. Moses as clerk in his gro- 
cery. In 1890 he started in business for him- 
self, as caterer and confectioner, at No. 7 East 
Second street, and there maintained a success- 
ful trade until June 15, 1S96, when he removed 
to the building especially erected for his busi- 
ness at the corner of Third and Ludlow streets, 
where he has greatly enlarged his business, the 
added features being the serving of luncheons 
and the novelty of a modern roof garden. He 
is the leading caterer of Dayton, and his busi- 
ness extends to adjacent or neighboring towns 
and villages. His establishment is neatly and 
handsomely furnished, and the service rivals 
that to be found in large cities. Miss Anna 
Shoup is associated with Mr. Newcomer as 
mistress of the tea-room, looking after the 
comfort of the guests; the firm name, since 
occupying the present quarters, being that of 
The Newcomer. 



Mr. Newcomer is married to Miss Jennie 
Moses, daughter of C. C. and Margaret Moses, 
of Dayton, and the two children born to this 
union are named Mabel and Leila. 

Mr. Newcomer is very popular, not only 
in his business, which necessarily brings him in 
contact with hundreds of the best people in 
Dayton, but in social circles as well. 

He and his wife are members of the Lu- 
theran church, and have a most pleasant home 
at No. 330 West First street. 

EARMAN ROGGE was born near 
Hanover, Germany, September 2, 
1845. He is a son of Harman and 
Angel (Mayrose) Rogge, the former 
of whom was a farmer, but is now deceased, 
while the mother still survives. Their children 
numbered eight, of whom Harman was the 
second. He was educated in the excellent 
public schools of his native country and under 
private tutors until eighteen years of age, when 
he came to this country with an uncle, who 
was a citizen of Dayton. After his arrival at 
Dayton he obtained employment at the 
Blanchard & Brown Wheel works, now the S. 
N. Brown Co. After several years of steady 
employment by this firm he entered the service 
of the Barney & Smith Car works. After 
about fifteen years of hard work, he started on 
his own account in the retail grocery business. 
In this he was very successful and was also en- 
gaged in the wholesale grocery trade for a few 
years. In 1887 he first became a stockholder 
in the Zwick & Greenwald Wheel company, of 
which he is now president and general mana- 
ger. Since his connection with this company, 
it has been crowned with success and its finan- 
cial strength has increased threefold. 

Harman Rogge was united in marriage, in 
1S72, with Miss Augusta Kropp, a native of 
Dayton and a daughter of Henry Kropp. This 

union has been blessed with eleven children, 
of whom, eight are still living. In religion the 
family are of the German Lutheran faith, and 
of the church of which they are members, Mr. 
Rogge has for years been a trustee and is at 
present a member of the official board of man- 
agement. In politics he is a democrat, and as 
such served one term as a member of the Day- 
ton city council. Mr. Rogge has done much 
toward advancing the material prosperity of 
Dayton, having erected upward of twenty 
dwellings, and having, by industry and thrift, 
become one of the substantial German-Ameri- 
can citizens to whom the city is indebted for 
much of her prominence and high standing in 
the commercial and manufacturing world. 

junior member of the firm of G. W. 
and E. E. Buvinger, proprietors of the 
Dayton Cornice works, and a well- 
known and popular business man of the city, 
was born in Dayton on May 12, 1844, ar >d is 
the son of Henry Buvinger, deceased. After 
attending the public schools of Dayton for sev- 
eral years, young Buvinger entered upon an 
apprenticeship at the tinner's trade. This he 
mastered and followed until 1866, when the 
firm of G. W. & E. E. Buvinger was formed, 
and the Dayton Cornice works established. 
This firm has had an uninterrupted and suc- 
cessful existence of over thirty years. It is 
engaged principally in the manufacture of met- 
allic cornices, in addition to which a general 
tinner's business is conducted, and the Cling- 
man gas machine, a device for lighting and 
heating, is manufactured. In evidence of the 
success with which this firm has met it is nec- 
essary only to refer to the number of years it 
has been in business and the name and charac- 
ter it enjoys in the industrial world. 

During the late Civil war Mr. Buvinger, 


<P ??^' 



though little more than a boy, saw service in 
the cause of his country. He was with what 
were known as the " Squirrel Hunters " during 
the Kirby Smith raid, this organization having 
been called out in 1862 by the governor of 
Ohio. His next service began in 1863, when, 
as a member of company B, Fourth Independ- 
ent battalion, Ohio volunteer cavalry, he 
served for nine months in Kentucky, Tennes- 
see and Virginia, or until the expiration of the 
term of enlistment in February, 1864, when 
he returned to Dayton. In May, 1864, when 
the Ohio national guard was called out and 
mustered into the One Hundred and Thirty- 
first regiment, Ohio volunteer infantry, Mr. 
Buvinger went with it as a member of com- 
pany A, and as such did garrison duty for 100 
days in Maryland and Virginia. 

Mr. Buvinger on September 1, 1870, was 
married to Miss Emily Francis Fisk, of Day- 
ton, Ohio, who was born at Centerville, Ohio, 
in 1848. She was educated in the public 
schools of Dayton, and has passed the greater 
part of her life in this city, having come here 
when a child. Mr. and Mrs. Buvinger's only 
child — Hurd Edward - — died at the age of six 
years. Both Mr. and Mrs. Buvinger are mem- 
bers of Grace Methodist Episcopal church. 
In politics Mr. Buvinger is a strong adherent 
of the republican party. Fraternally he is a 
member of the I. O. O. F., K. of P., Royal 
Arcanum, National Union and G. A. R. 

As a citizen and business man Mr. Buvin- 
ger occupies a prominent place in the Gem 
City. Enterprising, public-spirited and pro- 
gressive, he has contributed his share to the 
building up and development of the city and 
of her enterprises and institutions. 

Henry Buvinger, deceased father of E. E. 
Buvinger, and one of the early citizens of 
Dayton, was born in Hanover, Pa., in 1807. 
The ancestry of Mr. Buvinger is traceable to 
Bavaria, Germany. The founder of the fam- 

ily in America was Killian Buvinger, great- 
grandfather of Edward E., who was a Bava- 
rian of French Huguenot extraction. He 
came to America and settled in Pennsylvania 
in the year 1749. His son, Leonard, was a 
soldier of the Revolutionary war, and did gal- 
lant service for his country at Brandywine and 
elsewhere throughout the great struggle for in- 
dependence. George Buvinger, son of Leon- 
ard, and grandfather of Edward E., was born 
in Pennsylvania in 1781, and took part in the 
war of 18 12, commanding a company of Penn- 
sylvania militia at the battle of North Point. 

Henry Buvinger came to Dayton in 1835, 
but in January, 1837, he returned east and at 
Baltimore was married to Cassandra Everest. 
The same year, however, he and his wife re- 
turned to Dayton and resided here continu- 
ously until their deaths. Mr. Buvinger was a 
shoemaker by trade, which vocation he fol- 
lowed in Dayton for many years, and was one 
of the best known in that line of business in 
the city. He was the oldest Odd Fellow in 
Dayton at the time of his death. He became 
a member of the original lodge of this order in 
Baltimore, and from 1835 to 1888 was a mem- 
ber of Montgomery lodge, I. O. O. F. , of Day- 
ton. For over forty years he was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He was 
a democrat up to the time of the firing on 
Fort Sumter, in 1861, when he became a re- 
publican. During the war Mr. Buvinger was 
a volunteer, serving at different times, and was 
at Pittsburg Landing for the purpose of bear- 
ing wounded soldiers off the field. His death 
occurred in 1888, and that of his wife in 1885. 
The Everest family is of English origin, and 
the first mention of the name in the United 
States, so far as known, is made in the annals 
of Maryland about the year 1737. Mr. and 
Mrs. Buvinger became the parents of the 
following children: George W. ; Francis Leon- 
ard, deceased; Hester Ann, deceased; Edward 



Everest; Eliza B., who became the wife of 
James M. Chancellor, of Dayton; and Amanda 
C, wife of S. Byron Williams, of Dayton. 

*y ■ * ENRY WEBBERT, the well-known 

f~\ contractor and builder, of Fourth 

F street and Broadway, Dayton, Ohio, 

was born in Cumberland county, Pa., 

May 15, 1834, and when a child of four years 

was brought by his parents to Dayton, Ohio, 

of which city he has now been a resident for 

fifty-eight years, living during this entire period 

within one square of his present residence. 

Melchor and Ann (Bosler) Webbert, the par- 
ents of Henry Webbert, were also natives of 
Cumberland county, Pa., where the father was 
a contractor and builder, but died at the early 
age of forty years near Noblesville, Ind., where 
his remains lie interred; the mother died in 
Dayton in her ninetieth year 'and was interred 
in Woodland cemetery. Of the children born to 
Melchor and Ann Webbert, Henry is the only 
son, and Mrs. Rachel Wagner, of Dayton, is 
the only daughter. Mrs. Ann Webbert, had, 
however, prior to her union with Melchor 
Webbert, borne to her former husband one 
daughter, now Mrs. Catherine Long, of Dayton. 

Henry Webbert was educated in Dayton, 
and at the age of seventeen years became an 
apprentice to the carpenter's trade, at which 
he served until he became fully competent to 
superintend the construction of buildings, and 
when twenty years old began his life work, 
which has consisted chiefly in contracting and 
building in Dayton and neighboring cities and 
towns. For eight years past he has been en- 
gaged with his son in the plumbing business. 
For seven years he has been a director in the 
West Side Building & Loan association. 

The marriage of Mr. Webbert took place, 
in 1854, with Miss Cornelia Brooks, a native 
of New Jersey, but, at the time of marriage, a 

resident of Dayton, her parents having settled 
in this city more than half a century ago. To 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Webbert have been 
born three children — Charles is a plumber and 
gas-fitter of Dayton, and is married; Lucy A. 
is the wife of A. G. Feight, auditor of Mont- 
gomery county, Ohio; and William, a brick- 
work contractor, of Dayton, is unmarried. 

Mr. Webbert has been an eye-witness of 
the strong and healthy growth of his adopted 
city within the past half-century, and in this 
substantial growth he has himself been no 
small factor. Being a republican in politics, 
he has served for four years as a member of the 
city council, and has been a judge of election in 
his precinct for the past sixteen years; he was a 
charter member of Miami lodge No. 32, K. of P., 
and also charter member of Fraternal lodge No. 
510, I. O.O. F. Of the latter he is a past grand, 
and he is likewise a member of Gem City lodge 
No. 34, Knights and Ladies of Honor. In this 
fraternal work Mr. Webbert has been active 
and efficient in the performance of his duties. 
Mrs. Webbert is a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian church, while Mr. Webbert is 
liberal in his religious views and does not affil- 
iate with any particular congregation. He 
has, nevertheless, always led a correct and 
upright life, and his name is without stain or 
blemish, either as a business man or a citizen. 

eDWIN S. FAIR is a member of the 
Dayton police force, ranking as ser- 
geant, and has charge of the West 
Side precinct. He is a native of this 
city, born March 9, 1853, and is a son of 
Charles and Annie (Frederick) Fair, the for- 
mer a native of Maryland, and the latter of 
New Jersey. The father came to Dayton in 
1833, and was one of the early settlers. He was 
a carpenter by trade, following that occupation 
here for many years. He put character and 



honesty into his building, and the old residents 
bear testimony as to his genuine worth and 
good qualities. He died February 3, 1894, in 
his seventy-eighth year. He had won Masonic 
honors, and stood well in the estimation of his 
fellow craftsmen. His wife died August 7, 
1889, leaving behind her a fragrant memory. 

Mr. Fair, the subject of this writing, was 
reared in Dayton until he was six years of age, 
when his parents removed to Huntington, Ind. 
Two years later they returned to Ohio and 
settled at Middletown, but the year 1869 saw 
them once more in this city. Mr. Fair was 
educated mainly in the schools at Middletown, 
and when his parents came back to Dayton 
the boy of sixteen thought it was time to care 
for himself. Accordingly he sought for em- 
ployment, finding it with S. N. Brown & Co., 
with whom he remained for six years. In 1875 
he secured a more desirable and profitable sit- 
uation with the firm of Pinneo & Daniels, with 
whom he continued until his appointment on 
the police force of the city, in the month of 
February, 1877. Here he found a field that 
affords room for the exercise of those qualities 
of activity and courage that are so pronounced 
in his make-up. As an officer of the police he 
has displayed great administrative abilities. 
These were recognized by his promotion to a 
sergeancy in 1886, and by his detail to the 
charge of the various precincts of the city in 
succession. He has been in control of every 
precinct except the first. In 1894 he was 
placed in his present position in charge of the 
West Side precinct. 

Officer Fair was married March 9, 1875, to 
Clarabell Arnold, daughter of David and Mary 
Arnold, old residents of this city. By this mar- 
riage he became the father of five children. 
The three elder children are boys, Edwin A., 
LeRoy, and Arthur B. ; the two younger being 
girls, Bessie and Katie. 

Officer Fair has been a faithful worker in 

several of the secret organizations of the city, 
being prominent in the Odd Fellows, which 
order he joined in 1882, and having been a 
member of the Knights of Honor for twelve 
years, and of the Knights of Pythias for eight 
years. He is also a recent member of the 
Modern Woodmen. In church relations he 
and his family are associated with the United 
Brethren denomination. 

eDWIN P. MATTHEWS, attorney-at- 
law, of Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
this city March 22, 1858, and is a son 
of Judge Fitzjames Matthews, of the 
superior court of Columbus, Ohio; his mother 
is Frances A., daughter of Thomas Parrott, 
one of the early pioneers of Dayton. 

Edwin P. Matthews was reared in Dayton, 
and received his early education in the public 
schools of that city, and afterward attended 
Kenyon college, being a member of the class 
of 1879. Later he read law in the office of 
Warren Munger, of Dayton, and was admitted 
to the bar May 5, 1880. He then formed a 
partnership with George O. Warrington, the 
firm continuing for about five years, since 
which time Mr. Matthews has practiced alone. 
In 1888 he was elected a member of the city 
council from the First ward, was re-elected in 
1890, and during the years 1889 and 1890 was 
president of the council. In 1892 he was a 
member of the board of deputy supervisors of 
elections of Montgomery county, and was 
appointed city solicitor May 1, 1895. Since 
October, 1894, he has been United States 

Mr. Matthews was married October 12, 
1883, to Miss Edna M. Mills, a daughter of 
William M. Mills, of Dayton. To this mar- 
riage there have been born four children, 
named as follows: William Mills, Margaret 
A., Fitch James, and Edwin P., Jr. 



*y ^ ENRY ZWICK, prominent among the 
l'^ representative and progressive citizens 
P of Dayton, Ohio, is secretary and 
vice-president of the Zwick & Green- 
wald Wheel company, of which concern ex- 
tended mention is elsewhere made. Mr. Zwick 
was born in Dayton on July 5, 1855, and is the 
eldest son of the late Ernst and Sophia (Wilke) 
Zwick, of whom a biography will be found in 
this volume. The education of Henry Zwick 
was acquired in the public schools of his native 
city, in the Miami Commercial college, of Day- 
ton, and at the German Baptist college at 
Monee, 111. During the intervals of attending 
school and finishing his education Mr. Zwick 
worked in the factory, assisting his father, so 
as to become entirely acquainted with the busi- 
ness, not only in the manufacture of wheels 
and wheel stock, but also in the purchasing of 
timber, and later in selling the product on the 
road all over this country. After his father 
sold his interest in the Zwick, Pinneo & 
Daniels Wheel company and founded the 
Zwick & Greenwald Wheel company in 1881, 
Henry became a charter member of that com- 
pany, and was elected its secretary, which posi- 
tion he has held ever since, and in 1896 was 
elected vice-president. 

The Zwick & Greenwald Wheel company 
is one of the leading wheel manufactories of 
the country. Its business, founded on a solid 
footing by the elder Mr. Zwick, has continued 
to growand expand from year to year until it has 
reached mammoth proportions. While great 
credit is due and cheerfully given to the elder 
Mr. Zwick, for his sagacious management of the 
concern during its early years, yet much credit 
is also due to the excellent business qualifica- 
tions brought to bear upon the conduct of the 
business of the present time by its able secre- 
tary and vice-president. 

Mr. Zwick is a zealous member of the Ger- 
man Baptist church, and is president of the 

board of trustees of the Second German Bap- 
tist church (of the Regular Baptist denomina- 
tion), of Dayton. He is also president of the 
board of trustees of the German Baptist Pub- 
lication society with headquarters at Cleveland, 
Ohio, and is, as was his father before him, well 
and favorably known among the congregation 
at large. 

On December 26, 1876, Mr. Zwick was 
married to Miss Bertha, eldest daughter of 
Louis and Elizabeth Faul, of Dayton. Mrs. 
Zwick was born in Dayton, and was educated 
in the city schools, in which she was also a 
teacher for five years. To Mr. and Mrs. Zwick 
the following children have been born: Sophie 
E. , named for her grandmothers; Henry L. E., 
named for his father and grandfathers; Will- 
iam S. J., named for all his uncles; and Mary 
B., named for her mother and aunt. 

B. D., managing editor of the Lu- 
theran Evangelist, published in Day- 
ton, Ohio, was born in Tuscarawas 
county, March 13, 1856, and is the eldest son 
of Prof. David and Barbara A. (Biddle) Key- 
ser, also natives of Tuscarawas county, and 
both of German descent. His maternal great- 
grandfather came directly from Germany, and 
settled in Chambersburg, Pa. His grandpar- 
ents came early in life to Ohio and settled in 
Tuscarawas county. 

Prof. David Keyser was educated in his 
native county, and for a number of years fol- 
lowed the vocation of teaching, combined with 
farming. Prior to the war of the Rebellion, 
he moved to Daviess county, Ind. , and there 
enlisted in the Ninety-first Indiana volunteer 
infantry, dying from rheumatic fever in 1863, 
while still in the service. His widow re-mar- 
ried, now bears the name of Wook, and is a 
resident of Elkhart county, Ind. Of the four 



children born to Prof. Keyser and wife — two 
sons and two daughters — the latter two died 
in infancy ; the survivors are Leander S. and 
his brother, Albert Keyser, who is engaged in 
mercantile business in Elkhart, Ind. 

Rev. Mr. Keyser received his elementary 
education in the district schools of his native 
county, and this was supplemented by a course 
in a select school in Shanesville, Ohio. At 
the age of sixteen he began teaching in the dis- 
trict schools near his home, doing this chiefly 
that he might acquire means more thoroughly 
to educate himself. He was a student at the 
Ohio Normal university, Ada, Ohio ; at the 
Indiana university, of Bloomington, and at the 
theological seminary connected with Witten- 
berg college, Springfield, Ohio, completing 
here a thorough and ample preparation for the 
Christian ministry. From that time he was 
engaged in ecclesiastical labors, until he was 
selected lor the position of managing editor of 
the Lutheran Evangelist in 1894. His first 
pastorate was at La Grange, Ind., where he 
remained two years ; he was then minister at 
Elkhart, Ind., for six years, and at Springfield, 
Ohio, for six years. The Lutheran Evangel- 
ist is one of the three principal publications of 
the Lutheran church of the general synod. 
This publication was established in 1876, and 
is published from Dayton, Ohio, and Wash- 
ington, D. O, the senior editor of the journal, 
Rev. J. G. Butler, D. D., being a resident of 
the latter city. Mr. Keyser has general con- 
trol of the interests of the Evangelist. 

Mr. Keyser has always been allied with the 
republican party, although never aggressive in 
his political views. In this he has followed in 
the footsteps of his honored father, who was 
with that party from the date of its organiza- 
tion. He is a prohibitionist from settled con- 
viction, though he has never thought it wise 
to affiliate with the political movement of that 
name. He has been from a boy earnest and 

strenuous in advocating temperance and so- 
briety, and his voice and pen are still active in 
supporting his views. He received the degree 
of bachelor of divinity from his alma mater, 
Wittenberg seminary, and that of master of 
arts was conferred by both the Ohio Normal 
university and Wittenberg college. Mr. Key- 
ser is a frequent contributor to the public 
press, and his articles are both timely and in- 
teresting. He is the author of three books that 
have been widely read. One is a theolog- 
ical novel, entitled "The Only Way Out," 
which first appeared in 1890. The second is 
called " Bird-Dom," and came from the press 
of the D. Lothrop company, Boston, and a 
third, " In Bird Land," was published in 1894 
by A. C. McClurg & Co.. at Chicago. This 
volume has recently been adopted as the natural 
history text -book by the Ohio Teachers' Read- 
ing Circle, an organization formed among the 
teachers of the state. 

Rev. L. S. Keyser was married at Elkhart, 
Ind., November 18, 1879, to Miss Mary C. 
Foltz, a native of that city. She is a woman 
of character and ability. To this happy union 
have been born three sons — Ort A., Dor- 
ner L., and Teddie S. 

aARL FREIGAU is one of the broad- 
minded and progressive German- 
American citizens of Dayton , who 
have done so much to make south- 
western Ohio rich and prosperous. This sec- 
tion of the country owes lasting and deep obli- 
gations to this enterprising and honorable class, 
and no small share of its debt in certain re- 
gards is due to Mr. Freigau, who is secretary 
of the Poland China Record, and editor of the 
Chester White, a periodical published annu- 
ally. He is a native of the province of Bran- 
denburg, Germany, was born June 17, 1848, 
and was educated at the agricultural college at 



Wittenberg, in the thoroughly practical and 
efficient methods characteristic of German in- 

Mr. Freigau came to this country in 
and devoted some time to travel throughout 
the United States, seeking to know the land 
and to familiarize himself with its habits and 
customs before entering into business. He 
somewhat accidentally drifted into his present 
business, that of sketching live stock and pre- 
paring pedigrees, and in [876 established the 
business of recording thoroughbred hogs. This 
at first included the records of Europe, especi- 
ally of Germany. This part of the business 
was, however, discontinued when a record was 
established across the water. Mr. Freigau lo- 
cated in this city in 1881, previously spending 
his time traveling among the breeders of thor- 
oughbred stock in different sections of the 
country. The Record was established in 1876, 
and the work of gathering data was commenced. 
This work occupied two years and the first 
record appeared in 1878, since which time one 
book has appeared each year. The Chester 
White Record was established in 1885, and a 
volume has appeared biennially since that date. 
In the compilation and publication of this ex- 
tensive and valuable work Mr. Freigau has 
taken the initiative, and has no doubt accom- 
plished more toward the establishment of re- 
liable pedigrees of stock than any other man 
in America. Competent assistants are em- 
ployed, and the publication of these volumes is 
had by contract in periods of five years or less. 

Mr. Freigau was married in this city, in 
1876, to Miss Alice Woodman, a member of 
one of the pioneer families of Montgomery 
county, where she was born. They are the 
parents of five children, all living at home. 
John, the first-born son, is in his father's busi- 
ness, while Earnest, the second son, is an ap- 
prenl il a mechanical trade; Charles is at 
wi irk in a grocery, and Roy and Ivy are still at 

school. Mr. Freigau is liberal in his religious 
views, and was reared in the Lutheran faith. 
He holds himself independent in his political 
associations, and asks for the best men and 
measures, irrespective of party stamp. His 
parents never crossed the ocean, but lived al- 
ways in Germany, where his father was a pros- 
perous dairyman, and lived to round out his 
seventy-fourth year. Mother Freigau survives 
at a ripe old age, full of years and honor. Her 
son, our subject, is the only representative of 
his family that has ever come to this country, 
two brothers and two sisters still living in the 

tary of the Dayton board of water 
works trustees, was born on a farm 
just west of the city of Dayton, May 
12, 1857, being the son of William H. and 
Clarissa S. (Norris) Rowe, both of whom were 
born in Baltimore, Md., where they were 
reared to mature years. After their marriage, 
in their- native city, they turned their faces 
westward, taking up their abode in Cincinnati 
about the year 1845. There the father, who 
was a man of signal business ability and unim- 
peachable integrity, engaged in the pork pack- 
ing business, which he continued until the 
memorable gold excitement, which drew so 
many to California in 1S49, so affected him 
that he became one of the argonauts of that 
year, spending some time in the gold fields of 
the far western state. His first trip was made 
overland, and was attended with the vicissi- 
tudes and dangers incidental to the long and 
wearisome journeys over mountain and plain 
in those early days. He subsequently made a 
second trip by land, and his third trip to the 
Golden state was made by water, via Cape 
Horn. For a time he was engaged in street 
contracting in San Francisco, but finally longed 



to return to the scenes of an older civilization, 
and accordingly retraced his steps to Ohio. 
He located on a farm near Dayton, devoting 
his attention to its cultivation until 1869, when 
he took up his residence in this city, where he 
was for a number of years engaged in business. 
While still residing on his farm, he was called 
upon to serve in the capacity of justice of the 
peace, and he was also incumbent as infirmary 
director of Montgomery count}' for two terms. 
His patriotism was manifested at the time of 
the Mexican war, in which he rendered loyal 
and effective service. The death of William 
H. Rowe occurred in Dayton on New Year's 
eve of the year 1S86, at which time he was in 
his sixty-fourth year. His life had been one 
of close application and much usefulness, and 
in his demise the community mourned the loss 
of a good man and valued citizen. His widow 
still survives, retaining her residence in the 
city of Dayton. 

Charles E. Rowe passed his childhood days 
in the parental home near Dayton, until the 
age of twelve years, when his parents removed 
to the city. Here he attended the public 
schools, and in 1876 supplemented this train- 
ing by a special course of study in the Miami 
Commercial college located here. Prior to 
this he had assumed practical responsibilities, 
having, in 1872, secured a position as errand 
boy in the dry-goods establishment of Prugh, 
Spielman & Prugh, on Third street. In 1874, 
he entered the employ of Webbert, Jones & 
Co., coal dealers, and held a clerical position 
at their yards, located at the corner of Third 
and Montgomery streets. He remained with 
this firm about three and one-half years, at 
the expiration of which period the business was 
purchased by E. O. Yaile, who was a teacher 
in the public schools of Cincinnati. The pro- 
prietor entrusted the business to the charge of 
Mr. Rowe, who, in 1880, associated himself 
with C. E. Lighthall and effected the purchase 

of the enterprise with which he had so long 
been identified. This association continued 
until 1882, when Mr. Lighthall purchased his 
partner's interest, after which Mr. Rowe was 
in the employ of the Bradstreet Mercantile 
agency about six months. Subsequently he 
again became identified with the coal business, 
associating himself with John A. Murphy, with 
whom he continued until May 1, 1887, when 
he was appointed assistant secretary of the city 
water department of Dayton. This place he 
retained until April 19, 1S90, when he received 
deserved promotion, being chosen as secretary 
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of 
C. A. Herbig, who was then appointed city 
auditor and who is at the present time city 
comptroller. On May 1, 1896, Mr. Rowe is 
now serving his tenth year as assistant and 
secretary of this- department of municipal af- 
sairs, and within this period the earnings of 
the department have heen increased from $56,- 
000 to $305,000, while the pipe mileage has 
been extended from thirty-seven to 100 miles. 
Mr. Rowe is a member of the American Water 
Works association, and of the American So- 
ciety of Municipal Improvements. 

Mr. Rowe is a stalwart supporter of the 
democratic party, and has been an active 
worker in the cause. He has served as a mem- 
ber of both the city and count}' executive com- 
mittees of his party, having held these two 
places simultaneously, while he is also promi- 
nently identified with several political clubs. In 
his fraternal relations he is a member of Lin- 
den lodge No. 412, K. of P., of which he was 
one of the organizers, and in which he has 
passed all the chairs, having held the offices of 
past chancellor, representative and district dep- 
uty grand chancellor at the same time, and be- 
ing now master of exchequer of the lodge. He 
was originally a member of Iola lodge No. 83. 
He is also a member of Gem City lodge No. 
795, I. O. O. F., of court No. 1000, Inde- 



pendent Order of Foresters, and of Columbia 
lodge No. 1280, Knights and Ladies of Honor. 

Mr. Rowe was married on the 27th of March, 
1879, to Miss Jennie K. Taylor, daughter of C. 
W. Taylor, of Xenia, Ohio. They are the par- 
ents of four children, two of whom are deceased 
—Harry E. and Helen E. having died in in- 
fancy. The surviving children are Hazel 
Aletha and Mildred Catherine. Mildred re- 
ceived her name under somewhat peculiar cir- 
cumstances. The water board of Dayton was 
assembled in the tower on the American side at 
Niagara Falls, and here decided by vote what 
should be the name borne by the little daughter 
of their popular secretary, the result being as 

Mr. and Mrs. Rowe are members of the 
Reformed church, having been identified with 
the First Reformed church from about 1881 
until 1895, when they became members of the 
Memorial Reformed church, upon presentation 
of their letters from the former organization. 
Mr. Rowe was a member of the building com- 
mittee of the Memorial church edifice, having 
acted as treasurer of the committee while the 
building was in progress of erection, and being 
at present the treasurer of the church society. 
He and his wife enjoy a deserved popularity in 
the social circles of Dayton, having a wide 
acquaintance and dispensing a most cordial 
and gracious hospitality at their attractive 


junior member of the firm of W. P. 
Callahan & Co., and one of the 
well-known young manufacturers of 
Dayton, Ohio, was born in this city on Janu- 
ary 8, 1864, and is the son of William P. Cal- 
lahan, of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in 
this volume. Mr. Callahan was educated in 
the Dayton public schools and at the Massa- 

chusetts Institute of Technology at Boston, 
taking a course in mechanical engineering at 
the latter. He entered the shops of W. P. 
Callahan & Co. as an apprentice in 1884, and 
the following year, upon attaining his majority, 
he was taken into the firm. Notwithstanding 
his admission to the firm, he continued and 
completed his apprenticeship, and then entered 
the office. He is vice-president of the Gem 
City Building association. In 1891 Mr. Calla- 
han was married to Miss Lida Ohmer, daugh- 
ter of George Ohmer, of Dayton, and they 
are the parents of one daughter — Charlotte. 
Mr. Callahan is a member of the Masonic 
order, including the Knights Templar and 
Thirty-second degree Scottish rite and the 
Mystic Shrine. He is also a charter member 
of the Elks society. 

>-j»AMES B. HUNTER, county commis- 
■ sioner of Montgomery county, was born 
m 1 in Berks county, Pa., September 23, 
1 84 1. His parents were Jacob and 
Matilda (Boyer) Hunter, both of whom were 
natives of Berks county, Pa., and who, in 
1852, brought their family to Ohio, locating in 
Jefferson township, Montgomery county. They 
are now both deceased. Their lives were 
marked by industry and economy, virtues 
which were encouraged and stimulated by the 
surroundings of those days. 

James B. Hunter was eleven years old when 
he came with his parents to Montgomery 
county. Here he grew upon his father's farm 
in Jefferson township, and received his educa- 
tion in the common schools. Remaining on 
the farm until 1861 he then enlisted in com- 
pany D, Thirty-ninth regiment, Ohio volunteer 
infantry, and served in that organization for 
three years in the south and west, being at- 
tached to the army of the Tennessee most 
of the time. His term of enlistment expiring 



in 1864, he was honorably discharged. Dur- 
ing his war experience he was twice wounded, 
once at Dallas, Ga., in the foot, and again be- 
fore Atlanta, where he received a gun-shot 
wound in the right arm. 

After leaving the army Mr. Hunter spent a 
little over a year in Nashville, Tenn., where 
he war. connected with the railroad commissary 
department. Immediately after the war closed 
he spent two years in Louisiana, engaged in 
the work of constructing levees on the Missis- 
sippi river. Returning then to Montgomery 
county he was engaged for eighteen years in 
teaching school and in farming. In 1887 he 
was elected a member of the board of county 
commissioners, and served for three years. In 
1 89 1 he was again elected for a similar term, 
and in 1984 he was again re-elected, his pres- 
term of office expiring in 1897. 

Mr. Hunter owns a farm in Jefferson town- 
ship. He was married in 1868 to Catherine 
Johnson, who died in 1874, leaving one son, 
Leslie. Mr. Hunter was married the second 
time, in 1876, to Miss Rebecca Beachley, by 
whom he has had two children, Edgar and 
Vernon. He is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, and of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic. Mr. Hunter has lived in Montgomery 
county practically the whole of his life, is well- 
known by most of its citizens, and being hon- 
ored as he has been by repeated election to re- 
sponsible positions, it is clear that the people 
fully appreciate his integrity and honesty of 

>-j*OHN McGREGOR, vice-president of 
M the Crawford, McGregor & Canby com- 
/• 1 pany, manufacturers of lasts, was born 
three miles east of Dayton, November 
4, 1836. His father, Thomas McGregor, came 
from Scotland, in 1828, landing in Nova Scotia 
and remaining there two years, and in 1830 

came to the United States, locating in Little 
Beaver, Pa., where he gained employment in 
a paper-mill, he being a papermaker by the old 
hand process. While in this position he 
learned that he could secure a place as fore- 
man for Phillips & Alexander, whose mill was 
one-half mile west of Harries station, and ac- 
cordingly he left Little Beaver in 1834, re- 
moving to Montgomery county. After eight 
years of service with Phillips & Alexander, he 
operated a woolen mill at a point two miles 
from Tippecanoe, Miami county, for two years, 
and returning to Montgomery county pur- 
chased the Phillips & Alexander mill, of which 
he had been foreman, and moved it to Dayton 
in 1848. Mr. McGregor died in Dayton in 
1866, in his seventieth year. 

His wife was Janet Watson, of Scotland, 
their marriage taking place in 1818. Her 
death occurred in 1874, in her seventy-seventh 
year. One of their sons, Thomas McGregor, 
together with Joseph Parrott, under the firm 
name of Parrott & MeGregor, originated what 
is now the W. P. Callahan Co., manufactur- 
ers of cotton seed oil machinery, steam engines, 
etc., Mr. McGregor selling his interest in the 
firm in 1868. He died in 1893. 

John McGregor grew to manhood in Day- 
ton and was educated in the public schools of 
that city. He was a member of the first class 
in the Central high school, which was estab- 
lished under a resolution adopted by the board 
of education, April 5. 1850, and was opened 
on April 15, in the northeastern district school- 
house, with James Campbell as its principal. 
Leaving school at the age of fifteen years, 
young McGregor went to work in his father's 
mill, where he remained for four years, and 
then served an apprenticeship at pattern mak- 
ing with the firm of Thompson, McGregor & 
Co. (now W. P. Callahan & Co.). Following 
his apprenticeship he secured a position in the 
spring of 1859 with the firm of Crawford & 



Stilwell, proprietors of the factory established 
by A. & Z. Crawford. Remaining in the em- 
ploy of this company as a workman until 1870, 
when Mr. Stilwell retired from the linn. Mr. 
McGregor was made foreman of the factory, 
and in 1874 was made a partner in the firm of 
Crawford, Coffman & Co. 

In 1886 Edward Canby became a member 
of the company, purchasing the interest of Mr. 
Coffman, and the title of the firm' then became 
Crawford, McGregor & Canby, and so con- 
tinued until March, 1896, when the company 
was incorporated under the name of the Craw- 
ford, McGregor & Canby company, with Mr. 
McGregor as vice-president and general man- 
ager. In all of the positions which Mr. Mc- 
Gregor has held, he has proved his skill as a 
mechanic and his ability and sound judgment 
as a man of business. 

Mr. McGregor was married in 1861 to Sa- 
rah Doyle, who was born in Shelby, Ohio, in 
1 84 1, and is a daughter of Mrs. Lucy Doyle. 
To this marriage there have been born two 
children — Mary and John Watson. Mr. Mc- 
Gregor is a member of the Memorial Presby- 
terian church, which was organized in 1868 as 
a New School body of that denomination. 
Since 1857 Mr. McGregor has been an Odd 
Fellow, and is now a member of Wayne lodge 
No. 10, which was chartered in 1840. His 
life has been one of untiring industry, and his 
integrity of character and good citizenship 
have earned for him a high place in the esteem 
of the entire community. 

lS~\ ENJAMIN F. HERSHEV, a promi- 
1<^^ nent attorney of Dayton, Ohio, was 
JK^J born in Medway, Clarke county, Ohio, 
August ii, 1853. He is a son of 
John and Christiana (Hocker) Hershey, the 
former of whom was a native of Lancaster 
county, Pa., and came to Ohio with his par- 

ents, Jacob Hershey and wife, in 1835, and 
located in Clarke county. The latter was a 
native of Dauphin county, Pa., and came to 
( »lii' 1 with her parents, John Horker and wife, 
and located in Randolph township, Montgom- 
ery county, being among the early settlers. 
There being no railroad, they were compelled 
to come in wagons, being twenty-three days 
upon the journey. 

When Benjamin F. Hershey was two years 
old, his parents removed to Randolph town- 
ship, Montgomery county, Ohio, where they 
had been married, they having lived in Clarke 
county from their marriage to that time. At 
present they are residing on a farm on the 
Dayton and Covington turnpike, near the town 
of Union, purchased by John Hershey in 1866. 
John Hershey in his early days was a miller 
by occupation, but in his later years, since 
purchasing the above farm, has been one of 
the successful farmers of Randolph township. 
In politics he has always been a strong repub- 
lican. John Hocker and Catharine, his wife, 
parents of Christiana, were influential citizens 
of Randolph township, noted for their industry 
and thrift, and for their high moral and chris- 
tian characters. 

Benjamin F. Hershey received his early 
education in the district school at Union, 
Montgomery county, and began teaching school 
when nineteen years of age. He successfully 
followed the profession of teaching for eighl 
years. He then attended the Ohio State uni- 
versity at Columbus and the Ohio Wesleyan 
university at Delaware; began reading law in 
1 S8j with Craighead & Craighead in Dayton, 
passed the junior examination in the Cincin- 
nati Law school at Cincinnati, graduated from 
that institution in 18S4. and was admitted to 
the bar. Soon afterward he began the p 
tice of law in Dayton, and continued for one 
year, when he received the appointment of 
chief deputy under Sheriff Weis, and remained 



in that position until January I, 1S86. Since 
then he has been continuously engaged in the 
practice of law, and has built up a lucrative 
practice in his profession. 

Mr. Hershey was married in April, 1892, 
to Minnie E., oneof the daughters of Chap- 
lain William Earnshaw, D. D., who was 
chaplain of the National Military home at 
Dayton, Ohio, from September, 1867, until 
his death. Mr. Hershey is a member of the 
board of education of Dayton, a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a Knight Templar, and a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum. 

inent young member of the Dayton 
bar, was born at South Charleston, 
Clarke county, Ohio, March 3, 1855, 
and is a son of Francis Warrington. The 
Warrington family came originally from Man- 
chester, England, near which city is a manu- 
facturing town by the name of Warrington, 
about half way between Manchester and Liver- 
pool, and it is possible at least that there is 
some connection between the name of the fam- 
ily of which Mr. Warrington is a member, and 
the town of the same name. Oswald War- 
rington was the first of the name to emigrate 
to the United States, coming to this country 
about 1 8 19. 

George O. Warrington was reared in South 
Charleston, and there, in the public schools, 
received his preliminary educational training. 
After completing his studies there he entered 
the Ohio Wesleyan university at Delaware, 
Ohio, in 1872, and was graduated from that 
institution in 1876. During the first part of 
January, 1877, he located in Dayton and be- 
gan reading law in the office of Warren Munger, 
now deceased, but then one of the leading 
lawyers of Dayton. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1879, remaining, however, with Mr. 

Munger until 1S80, when he formed a partner- 
ship with Edwin P. Matthews, under the firm 
name of Warrington & Matthews. This firm 
continued in existence until 1885, when it was 
dissolved, and since then Mr. Warrington has 
practiced alone, with gratifying success. 

Mr. Warrington is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. He was married in August, 
1879, to Miss Mary M. Work, of Lancaster, 
Ohio, and a daughter of John Work. To this 
marriage there have been born four children, 
only one of whom, a daughter named Louise, 
now survives. 

Mr. Warrington is a lawyer of ability and 
safe judgment. His professional standing is of 
the highest, and his personal character beyond 
reproach. His colleagues at the bar regard 
Mr. Warrington with a large degree of trust 
and confidence. 

aHARLES WHEALEN, Ohio division 
manager, and manager of the Dayton 
mills, of the American Strawboard 
company, was born in Franklin coun- 
ty, Pa., September 17, 1844, a son of Bernard 
and Catherine Whealen, and was but twelve 
years of age when he came to Huffersville, 
Montgomery county, Ohio. Here, in the 
spring of 1857, he entered the service of Clark 
& Hawes, who established the first strawboard 
mill erected west of the Alleghany mountains, 
and, with the exception of nine months, Mr. 
Whalen has ever since been with this concern, 
the firm name having several times been 
changed. He began at a compensation of 
$2.50 per week, and worked his way upward 
until he became one-third owner, the business 
being then carried on under the title of the 
C. L. Hawes company, which was later merged 
into the American Strawboard company, of 
which organization he became a member in 
July, is;- 



Mr. Whealen is one of the most active and 
enterprising business men of the state of Ohio. 
He was one of the organizers of the Dayton 
Ice Manufacturing & Cold Storage company, 
of which he is president, and also of the Crys- 
tal Ice Manufacturing & Cold Storage com- 
pany, of Columbus, of which he is vice-presi- 
dent and director. He assisted in organizing 
the Dayton Brewing company, and is its pres- 
ident; aided in the organization of the Ameri- 
can Casket company, of Cincinnati, and is its 
president; is a stockholder in the Siebold Ma- 
chine company, of Dayton; is president of and 
stockholder in the Heikes Hand Protective 
company, of Dayton, and a director in the 
Teutonia National bank, of the same city. 
Fraternally, he is a member of Montgomery 
lodge No. 5, I. O. O. F., of the B. & P. O. E., 
and of the Social Aid society. 

The marriage of Mr. Whealen was solem- 
nized in Dayton, January 2, 1 872, with Miss Liz- 
zie Corson, daughter of James Corson. Their 
family consists of four daughters — Blanche, 
Glenn, Elizabeth and Rhoda. Mr. Whealen, 
as will have been seen, is the "architect of his 
own fortune;" he is public-spirited and liberal, 
and is one of the most substantial business 
men of the Gem City. 

■ ^\ prominent attorney of Dayton, Ohio, 

\^^J was born in Harrison township, Mont- 
gomery county, on the farm where 
his grandfather, Joseph Kennedy, settled in 
1807. The Kennedy family came originally 
from Scotland, and settled in South Carolina; 
from that state they removed to Pennsylvania, 
and it was from near Shippensburg, Cumber- 
land county, that state, that Joseph Kennedy, 
the grandfather of Grafton C, came to Ohio, 
settling on a farm of 300 acres, four miles 

north of Dayton, which he had purchased 
from a cousin, the original owner of the land. 
There Joseph Kennedy remained the rest 
of his life, dying about 1854, at the age of 
eighty years. His wife was Nancy Kerr, who, 
like himself, was of Scotch descent, and who 
died in 1 86 1 . To them there were born three 
sons and one daughter, the daughter dying 
about 1855. The eldest son, Gilbert Kennedy, 
was a very prominent lawyer of Dayton and 
Cincinnati, and died sometime during the 
eighties. The surviving sons are John and 
Joseph, both farmers, the latter being the fa- 
ther of Grafton C. 

Joseph Kennedy was instrumental in raising 
a company for the One Hundred and Thirty- 
second regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, and 
drilled his company for some time on the fair 
grounds. The understanding was that the one 
reporting to camp the largest number of en- 
listed men, should receive the colonelcy of the 
regiment. Mr. Kennedy reported the largest 
number of men present, and was thus, as he 
thought, entitled to the commission; but an- 
other reported a larger number of men enrolled 
for his company, though not all enrolled were 
present in person, and this man received the 
commission. The failure of Mr. Kennedy to 
become commander of the regiment was a great 
disappointment to him as well as to the men he 
had raised for his company, but-notwithstand- 
ing this he was willing to serve in any other 
capacity and to go to the front with the regi- 
ment; but the governor of the state, becoming 
aware of the true state of the case, thought it 
best that he be given an honorable discharge, 
and be permitted to return home, and this 
was done. 

Joseph Kennedy married Catharine Clag- 
ett, a native of Maryland, whose father, 
Grafton A. Clagett, was also a native of that 
state. Her death occurred in 1866, she leav- 
ing three children as follows: Grafton Clag- 




ett, Gilbert, now deceased, and Caroline, 
now Mrs. Edward Martin, of Milwaukee. 

Grafton Clagett Kennedy was born March 
ii, 1859, and received his early education in 
the common schools, which he attended dur- 
ing their regular sessions and occupied himself 
during vacations with work upon the farm. 
When he reached his thirteenth year he entered 
the public schools of Dayton, and studied in 
them two years. In his fifteenth year he 
entered the preparatory department of Wit- 
tenberg college, in which institution he spent 
five years, and where he was graduated in 
June, 1879, with the degree of bachelor of 
arts. From this college he subsequently re- 
ceived the honorary degree of master of arts. 
In September, 1879, he entered as a student 
the law office of Conover & Conover. Here 
he remained one year, and then read law two 
years in the office of Warren Munger, now 
deceased. In May, 1882, he was admitted to 
the bar, and in February, 1883, he opened an 
office and began the practice of his profession. 
In March, 1883, he was appointed United 
States commissioner at Dayton for the south- 
ern district of Ohio, and held this position 
until October, 1894, when he resigned. 

Mr. Kennedy practiced law alone until May, 
1888, when a partnership was formed between 
himself and Warren Munger, his former pre- 
ceptor, under the firm name of Munger & 
Kennedy. On January 1, 1893, the firm be- 
came Munger, Kennedy & Munger, Harry 
L. Munger, son of Warren Munger, being 
admitted to the firm. This partnership con- 
tinued until about June 1, 1894, when War- 
ren Munger died, and since that time the 
firm has been Kennedy & Munger. Mr. Ken- 
nedy is an elder in the Third street Presby- 
terian church. He was married April 30, 1889, 
to Miss Louise Achey, a daughter of the late 
John J. Achey. To this marriage there have 
been born one daughter and one son, viz: 

Catherine Louise, and Grafton Sherwood. Mr. 
Kennedy has not yet reached the prime of his 
manhood and his strength, and while his suc- 
cess in the difficult profession of the law has 
been most satisfactory to himself and gratify- 
ing to his friends, it is probable that even 
greater success awaits him in the future. 

eDWARD B. WESTON, president of 
the Weston Paper Manufacturing 
company of Dayion, Ohio, and secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Weston 
Paper company, of the same city, was born in 
Bloomington, 111., October 6, 1863. His 
father, John G. Weston, was born at Calais, 
Washington, county, Me., and was a son of 
Irish parents.' Removing to Dayton, Ohio, in 
the early 'sixties, he was here married to Miss 
Louise M. Aull, a native of Dayton, and a 
daughter of Nicholas and Julia A. G. Aull, 
pioneer citizens of Dayton. From this city 
John G. Weston and his wife removed to 
Bloomington, 111., not many months before 
Edward B. was born. Mr. Weston was a 
printer by trade, and while in Dayton was 
connected with the city's newspapers. He is 
well remembered by the local profession. Fol- 
lowing the newspaper business in Bloomington 
until the close of the war of the Rebellion, he 
then returned to Dayton and died there in 
1867, his widow still residing in Dayton. 

Edward B. Weston received his education 
in the public schools of Dayton, attending the 
Sixth district school and afterward the inter- 
mediate school. When he was eleven years of 
age he went to work in the notion house of 
Ewald &Wiggim, and remained in the employ 
of the successor of this firm, T. C. Wiggim. 
His employer becoming insolvent, Mr. Weston 
then went to work for the Augustus Sharp dry- 
goods store, with which he remained about six 
months, when he left to go with T. C. Wiggim 



to Emporia, Kan., where Mr. Wiggim was the 
manager for E. C. Nichols. With this firm Mr. 
Weston remained about two years, a part of 
the time in Emporia, a part of the time in 
Wichita, and at the end of this period the con- 
cern was closed out. For a year or so he re- 
mained in the west, in Kansas, in Texas, and 
in the territories, still in the employ of Mr. 
Wiggim, who was conducting a general mer- 
chandise business at various points. 

Returning to Dayton in 1876, Mr. Weston 
entered the employ of R. A. Rogers & Co., 
proprietors of a paper store, and while there 
began to learn the business. After remaining 
with Mr. Rogers for about eight months, he 
went to Hoglen Bros., in the hard wood lum- 
ber, saw-mill and timber business, to take 
charge of their wood department and teams, 
and remained with them two years. At the 
end of this time he retired from their employ 
and went on a farm for one season, and during 
the same fall followed a threshing machine. 
Returning to 1 Jayton he entered the employ of 
the John W. Stoddard Manufacturing com- 
pany, and remained there for about two years. 
Then, going on the road as salesman of 
specialities and general paper lines for R. A. 
Rogers &.Co., he continued thus engaged un- 
til 1S82, when he became connected with Anil 
Bros. , paper dealers, and remained on the 
road for them until Ma) 1 , 1887. At this time 
Mr. Weston entered upon the wholesale paper 
business at No. 136 East Second street, under 
the firm name of E. B. Weston & Co., the 
company being nominal, and here he carried on 
business until 1889, when he removed to No. 
104 North Main street and continued there in 

vholesale paper business and in the manu- 
facture of patented paper specialities. 

In 1893 Mr. Weston organized the Weston 

Paper company, and erected a straw wrapping 

r null at Greenfield, Ind., in the Indiana 

In 1 Sn 1 he secured the incorpora- 

tion of the Weston Paper & Manufacturing 
company, taking in a number of his old em- 
ployees as members of the company, and these 
two companies are still in active operation and 
conducting a successful business. 

Mr. Weston was married in 1886 to 
Blanche Phillips, daughter of Theodore A. 
Phillips, of Dayton. Two daughters have been 
born to this marriage, Irma Delight and Mar- 
guerite Louise. Mr. Weston is a member of 
Hope lodge. Knights of Pythias, and also ma- 
jor of the uniform rank, in the same order. 
He is also a member of the Order of Elks No. 
58, of the Dayton club, arid of the Dayton 
Bicycle club. Mr. Weston served five years 
in the old Harris Guards, of Dayton, as a mem- 
ber of company A. In religion he is a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal church. 

As a republican Mr. Weston has been and 
is quite active in politics, but he has never held 
nor sought office. A successful business man 
of irreproachable character, he enjoys the 
confidence and esteem of all. 


member of the firm of Weinman & 
Euchenhofer, machinists, at 20 and 
22 North Canal street, was born in 
Dayton October 3, 1852, and is a son of Fred- 
erick H. and Caroline (Disher) Euchenhofer. 
In 1888, E. E. Euchenhofer, in partner- 
ship with C. ] . Weinman, founded the Novelty 
Machine works, on St. Clair street, Dayton, 
and under that name the business was con- 
ducted seven years, when it was incorporated 
under the name of the Dayton Gas & Gaso- 
line Engine company, but a year later was 
changed to tin: Dayton Gas Engine & Manu- 
facturing company, the concern being con- 
verted into a joint stock company, with a 
capital of $40,000, and officered with E. E. 
Euchenhofer as president. The present firm 



of Weinman & Euchenhofer was formed in 
May, 1896. 

Frederick H. Euchenhofer, father of Ed- 
ward E. , was born in Switzerland about the 
year 1812, and at the age of twenty years 
came to America; for a few years he lived in 
one of the eastern states, and in 1S36 came to 
Ohio, established a bakery and confectionery 
in Miamisburg, Montgomery county, carried 
on a successful trade until 1848, and then set- 
tled in Dayton. Here he purchased the old 
Columbus house, and carried on a hotel until 
1863, at the same time operating the Third 
street brewery, which he sold in 1867; for the 
next five years he operated the old Tate mill, 
and then re-purchased the Third street brew- 
ery, which he operated until within a few 
months of his death. He was a thorough 
business man, and always ready to lend his aid 
to enterprises that might benefit not himself 
only, but his fellow-citizens. He was one of 
the charter members of, and a director in, the 
Teutonia Insurance company of Dayton, which 
is one of the most successful, yet conservative, 
financial institutions of the city, having been 
brought to its present strength through the 
sound judgment and business sagacity of Mr. 
Euchenhofer and his associates. 

Fraternally, Frederick H. Euchenhofer 
was an Odd Fellow and a member of the 
Harugari; in religion he was a Lutheran, and 
in politics he was a republican. He had been 
twice married, and to his first union was born 
one child — Albert — who died in February, 
1892. His second marriage took place in 
Dayton with Miss Caroline Disher, who was 
born in Germany, but was only three years of 
age when brought to Fort Jennings, Putnam 
county, Ohio, by her parents. To this union 
were born ten children, in the following order: 
Rudolph, deceased: Edward E., whose name 
opens this memoir; Sabina, deceased; Otto, a 
brewer, of Dayton; Julia, wife of Russell 

Bates, also of Dayton; Katie, married to 
Henry Godle, of Peoria, 111. ; Ida, Hugo and 
Frederick, all three deceased, and Alexander. 
The mother of the family still survives, but 
the father died in Dayton February 7, 1892, 
at the advanced age of eighty years, honored 
by all with whom he had come in contact, 
whether in business or in fraternal and social 

Edward E. Euchenhofer was educated in 
the public schools of Dayton until fourteen 
years of age, when he entered the employ of 
Mr. Mueller, first as errand boy, and afterward 
as clerk, until seventeen years old, when he 
began an apprenticeship with Brownell & 
Kielmeier, manufacturers of engines. With 
this firm he remained five years, acquiring a 
full knowledge of machinery and becoming an 
expert in the manufacture and construction of 
steam engines in every detail. His next step 
was to enter into business on his own account, 
but at the end of two years he abandoned this 
to engage in the dry goods and notion trade. 
After a year thus spent, he returned to his 
former employers, for whom he did faithful 
service for several years; was next appointed 
assistant engineer of the city water-works, and 
nine months later was appointed chief engi- 
neer, holding this responsible position for five 
years. While serving in this capacity, Mr. 
Euchenhofer invented and patented an auto- 
matic device for boilers, for feeding boiler scale 
solvents, and this patent has, by reason of its 
acknowledged efficiency, met an extensive sale 
throughout the country. His next step in 
business was the formation of a partnership 
with Mr. Weinman in the enterprises above 
mentioned. Messrs. Euchenhofer & \\ 
man are the inventors and patentees of many 
valuable devices in connection with engines 
and machinery. 

In politics Mr. Euchenhofer is a republican, 
and in societary relations he is a member of 



the Order of Chosen Friends. His marriage 
took place November 9, 1877, to Miss Dora 
Makley, daughter of Frank Makley, and to 
them have been born five children, Adolph, 
Carl, Walter, Clara and Edna. The parents 
and children are all members of the Lutheran 

>*j* RUSSELL JOHNSTON, representa- 
■ tive merchant of Dayton, Ohio, and 
(• 1 member of the large dry-goods house of 
Elder & Johnston, was born in the year 
1854, in the town of Ayton, Berwickshire, 
Scotland. He began an apprenticeship at the 
dry-goods business as a clerk in a local store. 
He served as an apprentice for a term of five 
years, and continued for eighteen months 
afterward in the same establishment. He then 
came to the United States and entered the dry- 
goods store of Brown, Thompson & Co., of 
Hartford, Conn., where he continued for ten 
years. In 18S3, Mr. Johnston came to Day- 
ton, and in March of that year the present dry- 
goods establishment of Elder & Johnston was 
founded. Their first location was at Nos. 1 14 
and 1 16 East Third street, where they opened 
with a comparatively small stock, the firm's 
capital being limited. Two and a half years 
later the business had grown to such an extent 
that larger quarters were necessary, and the 
firm removed to Nos. 24 and 26 East Third 
street, where they conducted both a wholesale 
and retail business, employing eighty people 
in the establishment. The firm continued at 
the above stand until November, 1896, when 
they removed to the new Reibold building, on 
South Main street, where they occupy two 
floors and the basement with probably the 
largest stock of dry goods in the city. The in- 
tention of the firm is ultimately to develop 
their business into a department store, in which 
event it will be the first of the kind in Dayton. 

Mr. Johnston's success in life has been remark- 
able. He began his life work as a boy of four- 
teen years of age, as an apprentice, and now, 
as a man of only forty-two years, he has 
reached a position as equal partner in one of 
the largest and most successful dry-goods es- 
tablishments in western Ohio. This he has 
accomplished solely by his own efforts, having 
made his way in life unaided, relying entirely 
upon his industry and business ability. His 
life has been a most active one, and his labors 
in every capacity from that of apprentice to 
that of proprietor have met with deserved suc- 
cess. As an apprentice he was industrious, 
ambitious to learn and faithful to his employ- 
er's interests ; as a salesman he was thorough, 
painstaking and conscientious, striving always 
to promote the welfare of his employers and at 
the same time to advance his own. Since 
coming to Dayton and entering a mercantile 
career upon his own responsibility, Mr. John- 
ston has given all his time and attention to the 
upbuilding of his business, and the success that 
he has achieved is the natural result of energy, 
enterprise and splendid qualifications. Mr. 
Johnston is regarded as one of the representa- 
tive and progressive citizens of Dayton. His 
usefulness as a citizen has not been hampered 
by his devotion to business cares, and he has 
always stood ready to lend his aid and influ- 
ence to all movements having for their object 
the growth, development and advancement of 
his adopted city. 

He is a Mason of high degree, being past 
master of Mystic lodge No. 405 ; belongs to 
Unity chapter; is past eminent commander of 
Reed commandery, Knights Templar, and has 
attained the thirty-second degree in Scottish 
rite masonry. 

Mr. Johnston was married in 1877, in Hart- 
ford, Conn., to Miss Lizzie C. Purvis, and 
they are the parents of the following children: 
Edith, Mae and Russell Purvis. 





'ILLIAM G. ZWICK, assistant sec- 
retary of the Zwick & Greenwald 
Wheel company, is a native of Day- 
ton, Ohio, was born May 20, 1863, 
and is a son of Ernst and Sophie (Wilke) 
Zwick, the former of whom was the founder of 
the above named company. The Zwick & 
Greenwald Wheel company, at the corner of 
Huffman and Linden avenues, Dayton, Ohio, 
was established, in 1859, by Ernst Zwick (now 
deceased), at the corner of Wayne and Third 
streets, where it transacted business until 1890, 
when it was removed to its present location — 
the name the company now bears having been 
assumed in October, 1881. In 1892, a joint 
stock company was formed for the conduct of 
the business, although the company did not 
change its title, and the officers elected at that 
time were the following: Harman Rogge, presi- 
dent; Henry Zwick, secretary ; Frederick Rogge, 
treasurer — the stockholders being Henry Zwick, 
Jacob Greenwald, Harman Rogge, F. Kam- 
men, Samuel Zwick, Joseph Zwick and Fred 
Rogge. No change has since taken place 
among these stockholders, excepting that oc- 
casioned by the death of Jacob Greenwald. 

The Zwick & Greenwald Wheel company 
plant covers three acres of ground and employs 
from 140 to 150 people, the president of the 
company, Harman Rogge, being also the man- 
ager. The business has grown from the man- 
ufacture of ten sets of wheels per day to that 
of 1 50 sets per day. The wheels are known 
as the best made in the United States, and are 
sold all over the Union, as well as in other 

The elementary education of William G. 
Zwick was acquired in the public schools of his 
native city, and this was supplemented by an 
attendance at the Baptist college, of Roches- 
ter, N. Y. , and at the Miami Commercial col- 
lege, of Dayton, Ohio. He first entered the 
wheel factory as an apprentice, thoroughly 

learned the trade and became familiar with the 
workings of the immense concern in all its de- 
tails, became a stockholder in the company in 
1888, and eventually reached his present re- 
sponsible position, which he has since filled 
with marked ability. 

July 18, 1888, Mr. Zwick was united in 
marriage with Miss Louise A. Bartel, the ac- 
complished daughter of Herman Bartel, of 
Dayton, and this union has been followed by 
the birth of three children: Walter William, 
born May 15, 1889; Helen Louisa, June 3, 1892, 
and Lawrence, October 6, 1893. The parents 
are faithful members of the German Baptist 
church of Dayton, of which Mr. Zwick is a 
trustee and assistant clerk. 


BRAITH, commissary of subsist- 
ence of the central branch of the 
National Military Home for Disabled 
Volunteer Soldiers (a brief sketch of which in- 
stitution will be found in the biography of Col. 
J. B. Thomas), was born near Salem, Colum- 
biana county, Ohio, November 15, 1840, and 
there grew to manhood. 

Soon after the outbreak of the late Civil 
war, Mr. Galbraith volunteered in a battalion 
of cavalry, known as Fremont's body guard, and 
served from July, 1861, until December of the 
same year. His experience, although short, 
served to increase his patriotic ardor, and 
thereafter he became a vigorous, valiant and 
efficient soldier in the defense of his country's 
flag, and was eventually promoted from private 
to brevet major for meritorious conduct in the 
face of the enemy, and for valuable services 
rendered in other capacities, brief mention of 
which is here given: In April, 1862, he en- 
listed in the Eighty-fourth Ohio volunteer in- 
fantry, was elected first sergeant of company 
G, and saw service in Maryland and Virginia, 



and with the regiment was mustered out of the 
service in September, 1862; his next enlist- 
ment was in company G, One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth regiment, Ohio volunteer in- 
fantry, entering the company as first sergeant, 
which rank was granted him as a recognition of 
his past services as a soldier; with this non- 
commissioned, but honorable title, hs served 
until March, 1863, when his commendable con- 
duct as a soldier was rewarded by a commis- 
sion as first lieutenant of company I, of the 
same regiment. While holding this rank Lieut. 
Galbraith was detailed as a provost-marshal of 
his brigade and was also appointed assistant 
inspector-general on the staffs of Gen. William 
B. Hazen ind Gen. P. Sidney Post. In Aug- 
ust, 1864, he was promoted to the captaincy of 
company I, and his higher rank was reached 
in the regular army of the United States, of 
which mention will be made in a following par- 

While in the volunteer service Capt. Gal- 
braith took an active part as sergeant, lieuten- 
ant and captain, in many severe and sangui- 
nary battles of the Civil war, among which 
may be named, outside of his service in Mis- 
souri, those of Spring Hill and Triune, Tenn. ; 
Chickamauga, Ga. ; Brown's Ferry, Tenn., 
where he was severely wounded and in conse- 
quence was confined in hospital several months. 

He went through the Atlanta campaign and 
was under fire at Jonesboro and Lovejoy; was 
at the fall of Atlanta, and in the battles at 
Franklin and Nashville, Tenn. He also served 
in the campaigns through Kentucky, North 
Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and in other 
states, until mustered out with his regiment at 
Cleveland, Ohio, July 19, 1865. He then re- 
turned to his home in Columbiana county, 
Ohio, and on May 11, 1866, was appointed 

nd lieutenant in the Eighteenth United 
States regular) infantry; in 1867 he was pro- 
moted to the rank of first lieutenant, and in 

1868 to that of captain and major by brevet — 
these rapid promotions being awarded him 
chiefly for his gallant and meritorious conduct 
at the battles of Chickamauga and Brown's 
Ferry, while in the volunteer service. 

While in the regular army the work en- 
trusted to Maj. Galbraith was arduous, varied, 
and comprehensive. He was at different peri- 
ods of his service placed on duty at Newport 
(Ky.) barracks; at Governor's, Bedloe's and 
David's islands, New York harbor; at Fort 
McHenry, Baltimore, Md. ; at Washington, D. 
C. ; at Fort Casper and Fort Fetterman, then 
in Dakota territory, but now within the bound- 
aries of Wyoming; at North Platte station, 
Neb. ; at Fort Sedgwick, Colo. ; Fort Omaha, 
Neb. : and at Huntsville, Ala. ; Chattanooga, 
Tenn.; Lancaster, Ky., and Atlanta, Ga., dur- 
ing the reconstruction period. Also, while 
still first lieutenant, with brevet major rank in 
the regular army, he acted as Indian agent for 
the United States government, in charge of 
the interests of the Confederated Flathead na- 
tion in Montana. 

December 18, 1S73, Maj. Galbraith re- 
signed his position in the regular army, rejoined 
his mother in Cincinnati, Ohio, and for three 
years enjoyed a rest, in the meanwhile recu- 
perating his shattered health. In the early- 
part of 1882, he was appointed postmaster at 
the National Military home, near Dayton, in 
which capacity he served until 1892, when he 
resigned in order to accept his present posi- 
tion, wherein he has charge of the entire sub- 
sistence department of the home. 

Nathan and Sarah (Hoover) Galbraith, 
parents of the major, had a family of three 
children, of whom Marius Robinson is a resi- 
dent of Cincinnati, and Celia, unmarried, is a 
resident of Johnstown, Pa. 

Nathan Galbraith, a native of Ohio, died 
at the early age of thirty years, while his 
widow, a native of Pennsylvania, lived to be 



nty-four years old. In religion they were 
respectively members of the Quaker and Bap- 
tist churches. 

The marriage of Mai. Galbraith took place 
in 1884, to Mrs. Myra (Fonda) Taylor, a native 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. , this union resulting in the 
birth of one child, Stuart, who died in infancy. 
Mrs. Galbraith is a member of the Society of 
the Daughters of the Revolution, by right of 
lineal descent from Asa Priest, her maternal 
great-grandfather, who was a soldier from 
Massachusetts, and took an active part in the 
glorious struggle. Maj. Galbraith is a member 
of Perry lodge, No. 185, F. cS: A. M., as well 
as of the Loyal Legion and the G. A. R. In 
politics he has been a life-long abolitionist and 

^|-» EWIS HENRY WEBBER, a well- 
j known cut-stone contractor of Day- 
Ji ton, Ohio, was born in Salem, N. J., 
December 15, 1845, ar >d i s a son °f 
Thomas and Louisa (Green) Webber, also na- 
tives of Salem. 

The Webber family, of English origin, was 
established in New Jersey over 200 years ago, 
but its genealogy cannot be fully traced. Suf- 
fice it to say that John Webber, great-grand- 
father of Lewis, was a sailor, hailing from the 
Sharp Backs state, and was killed by lightning. 
John's son, Henry, served as a musician 
through the war of 181 2, and died at the 
age of eighty-six years. Thomas, the son of 
Henry, and father of Lewis, was a contrac- 
tor in early life, but later engaged in merchan- 
dizing, and in this occupation died in Chris- 
tiana, New Castle county, Del., in 1876, at 
the age of fifty-five years. 

The Green family, equally as old in Amer- 
ica as the Webber family, and also of English 
origin, belonged to the religious organization 

known as Quakers. Great-grandfather Green 
was a farmer, and resided in the vicinity of 
Salem, N. J., during the Revolutionary war. 
As is well known, the Society of Friends 
(Quakers) are people of peace, whose tenets 
forbid the bearing of arms in war or the aiding 
or abetting of war. Nevertheless, feeling that 
the struggle of the colonists was patriotic and 
just, his sympathies were all with their cause, 
and the following incident is related of him, 
touching his latent but ardent patriotism. On 
a certain occasion, when the Continental army 
was in great distress for want of corn, with 
which his cribs were well filled, he was impor- 
tuned by the officers to sell an evident surplus 
of the grain on hand. He declined to do so, 
because, as he said, "That would be encour- 
aging war; but I shall go away from home, and 
if the corn be missing when I return, I shall 
not inquire concerning it." History records 
that the corn was missing. 

Of the five sons born to Thomas and Lou- 
isa Webber, Lewis H. is the eldest, and Albert, 
his next younger brother, is foreman in his ex- 
tensive works; Arthur G. and Henry L. are in 
the grain and coal trade at Christiana, Del., 
and John died at the age of eight years. 

The early life of Lewis H. Webber was 
spent in the states of New Jersey and Dela- 
ware, his education being acquired in the New- 
ark (Del.) academy and Delaware college. In 
1869 he came to Dayton and entered into the 
employ of the Webber & Lehman Stone & 
Marble company, of which company John 
Webber, his uncle, was president. Of this 
company Lewis H. was at first bookkeeper, and 
was then made assistant secretary. After 
three years well spent in this concern, Mr. 
Webber united in partnership with S. T. 
Bryce and with him continued in business for 
five years, when Mr. Webber bought out his 
partner's interest and has since carried on a 
most successful business on his own account, 



in contracting for the construction of stone 
buildings and for the stone work of others not 
composed entirely of stone. His plant, which 
is planned for the reduction of all kinds of 
quarried stone to a condition for practical use in 
building foundations and walls as well, and for 
the smoothing and polishing of rough ashlars, 
is most complete in its appliances, containing 
machinery which is alone estimated at a value 
of $40,000, including ftone saws, planers, and 
all other means necessary for the production of 
solid exterior as well as decorative exterior and 
interior work, and giving employment, on an 
average, to 100 men. One of the first struc- 
tures that attracted attention as the work of 
Mr. Webber was the Montgomery county 
court house, the stone work of which was sup- 
plied, as one of his earliest contracts, from his 
own shops, at a cost of $50,000, in 1878. 
Since that date Mr. Webber has furnished the 
material and assisted in the construction of 
nearly all the substantial stone buildings in the 
city of Dayton, among which may be cited the 
costly Burney and King residences, the U. P. 
and Sacred Heart churches, and the Steele 
high school building. 

The marriage of Mr. Webber took place in 
Christiana, Del., in 1875, to Miss Florence 
Southgate, a native of Baltimore, Md. , and of 
English descent. This union has been blessed 
by the birth of three children — Emma E., 
Florence L., and Willard — the first two of 
whom are now attending the Steele high school. 
The family are connected with the Third street 
Presbyterian church. In politics Mr. Webber 
is a stanch republican, although he has never 
sought public office. He is a Freemason, and 
is also a member of the Dayton club, a social 
organization, and of the political body known 
as the Garfield club. Mr. Webber's energy, 
skill and industry have earned him a place in 
the front rank of the successful business men 
o( Dayton. 

HOMAS ELDER, a leading merchant 
of Dayton, Ohio, and senior member 
and founder of the extensive dry-goods 
house of Elder & Johnston, was born 
in Harrisburg, Pa., in the year 1845. His 
parents were Robert R. and Elizabeth G. El- 
der, both of whom were of Scotch descent. 
The boyhood of young Elder was spent in a 
manner common to boys of his station in life. 
He attended the public schools of Harrisburg, 
securing a good English education. At the 
age of seventeen years he resolved to leave his 
native place and try his fortune in the broader 
field of a large city. Accordingly, in 1862, he 
set out for Philadelphia, which city he reached 
with but few possessions and little money, but 
with sound health, good habits, ambition and 
a determination to get on in the world. He 
was willing to turn his attention to anything 
he could do and soon found employment. He 
remained in Philadelphia eight or nine years, 
engaged in different capacities in various lines 
of business, and in 1872 he went to Boston, 
Mass. In Boston he secured a position with 
the blanket house of Thomas Kelley & Co., as 
a traveling salesman. After remaining with 
the above firm three years, in 1875 he entered 
the service of Jordan, Marsh & Co. , of Bos- 
ton, one of the largest dry-goods houses in the 
world, as general traveling salesman, where he 
remained until 1883. At this time ne decided 
to embark in business on his own responsibil- 
ity, and the same year he came to Dayton and, 
associating himself with Messrs. Johnston & 
Hunter, founded the present business of Elder 
& Johnston, which is now the leading dry-goods 
establishment in Dayton and one of the largest 
in western Ohio. Mr. Hunter retiree 1 from the 
firm in 1886. The. business was begun origi- 
nally upon a very modest basis and with a lim- 
ited capital, at Nos. 114 and 116 East Third 
street. In about two and a half years, how- 
ever, it had grown to such proportions that 



larger quarters were necessary, and they re- 
moved to Nos. 24 and 26 East Third street, 
where the business was established on a much 
larger scale. From year to year it grew and 
spread, and a wholesale department was added, 
together with other features, until again it be- 
came necessary to find more commodious quar- 
ters, and in November, 1896, they removed 
to the new Reibold building on South Main 
street, where they now occupy two floors and 
the basement. They carry a complete stock 
of dry goods, cloaks, etc., doing both a whole- 
sale and retail business, and employing over 
100 people. Their store rooms are the largest 
and handsomest in the city, and their trade, 
while already the leading one, is constantly in- 
creasing, ft is the firm's intention eventually 
to convert their business into a modern depart- 
ment store, there being no enterprise of that 
character in Dayton. 

fn 1872 Mr. Elder was married to Miss 
Tacie E. Jarrett, who was born in Philadel- 
phia, of Quaker parents. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Elder the following children have been born: 
Mary M., Robert, Elsie, Helen, and two de- 
ceased in infancy. Mr. Elder is a member of 
the Third street Presbyterian church and pres- 
ident of the Y. M. C. A. In the Sabbath- 
school he has also been an earnest worker, 
taking great interest in all of its useful ac- 

Mr. Elder's life has been a busy one, and 
success has come to him through his own ef- 
forts. He may well be termed a self-made 
man, as he began at the bottom, starting in 
life with no capital save that of energy, indus- 
try and ambition, and relying entirely upon his 
own ability and natural resources. Still a man 
in his prime, he has risen from an humble 
clerical position to that of senior member of 
one of the largest mercantile houses in a great 
state, and his prosperity has been well de- 
served. His position in the business world has 

not overshadowed his position in life as a citi- 
zen, friend and neighbor. He has always been 
found ready to lend his aid and influence to 
all worthy movements designed to benefit the 
community at large. He is regarded as a 
broad-minded and public-spirited citizen, rec- 
ognizing and discharging faithfully all the du- 
ties incumbent upon him. 

1 m structor in the French, Italian and 
M Spanish languages, with his residence 

at the corner of Third and Perry 
streets, Dayton, was born in Chambery, near 
Lyons, France, December 8, 1869. He was 
a student in the college Louis le Grand, at 
Paris, and at the Lyceum of Lyons, where he 
was educated in literature and philosophy. 
On October 1, 1894, he came to America; on 
the 1 2th day of the same month he was dis- 
patched by Prof. Berlitz, of New York, to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, to become an instructor in a 
French school, and on June 12, 1895, he 
came to Dayton and opened his present poly- 
glot school of instruction, in which he has met 
with success. His classes comprise about 180 
pupils, drawn from the most cultured and 
intellectual circles of the city, and these 
pupils are taught in so simple a manner that, 
at the conclusion of forty lessons, they are 
prepared to conduct a reasonably intelligent 
conversation in the special language acquired. 
Beside his home class, he teaches in the Y. M. 
C. A. school, also in Miss Thomas's academy 
for young ladies, and has a large class at the 
Soldiers' home. 

Prof. Michelon has, in his comparatively 
brief residence in Dayton, awakened a new 
interest in language study, and is now recog- 
nized as the most skillful and accomplished 
teacher of French that has ever conducted 
classes in this city. 




ICHAEL WALTER, funeral direc- 
tor and a leading business man of 
Dayton, is a native of Germany, 
born December 17, 1840, in the 
kingdom of Bavaria. His parents, Martin and 
Barbara (Schnabel) Walter, were both natives 
of the above country, where the father, for 
many years, carried on the cabinetmaking 
business, and where his death occurred in 1856, 
at the age of sixty-three; the mother having 
died in 1855, at the age of fifty-six years. 
Their son, Michael, is the youngest of ten chil- 
dren. Three sisters and one brother died in 
America, and one brother and two sisters still 
live in Germany; the only member of the 
family in the United States, with the exception 
of Michael, is Henry, who makes his home at 
Celina, Ohio. 

Michael Walter was educated in the schools 
of his native country and there learned cabi- 
netmaking, which he followed, in connection 
with the undertaking business, until 1863, at 
which time, he came to the United States, lo- 
cating at Dayton, Ohio, where for a period of 
seven years he was in the employ of his 
brother Martin, one of the leading undertakers 
of the city. In 1870, Mr. Walter embarked 
in the undertaking business upon his own re- 
sponsibility on Franklin street and has since 
continued the same with most gratifying suc- 
cess, being at this time the head of one of the 
largest establishments of the kind in the city. 
From a rather limited beginning he has gone 
forward year by year, building up a constantly 
increasing trade, and, at this time, he enjoys 
much more than a local reputation in business 
circles. He has spared no reasonable effort to 
make himself thoroughly familiar with every 
detail of his trade and in 1883 graduated from 
the Cincinnati school of embalming, one of the 
largest and most thorough institutions of the 
kind in the United States. Mr. Walter's place 
.'1 business on Franklin street is fully equiped 

and supplied with all that pertains to the suc- 
cessful prosecution of undertaking and the nec- 
essary equipment and stock of caskets, etc., 
represent a capital of about $10,000. Mr. 
Walter is a member of an undertaking associa- 
tion of Ohio, of which he has served as treas- 
urer during the past ten years. He is a man 
well known in the community where he has 
lived so long and sustains a reputation for in- 
tegrity and honesty surpassed by none. Per- 
sonally Mr. Walter is very popular, a genial 
companion and a good citizen. 

In 1 868 Mr. Walter was united in marriage 
with Miss Philomena Steile, a native of Cin- 
cinnati, but born of German parentage; three 
sons and three daughters have been born of 
this union — Joseph C, who is employed in his 
father's business house; Clara, Leo, Flora, 
Amelia and Edward. The family are mem- 
bers of the Emanuel Roman Catholic church, 
of Dayton, and Mr. Walter affiliates with the 
following societies: Catholic Knights of Amer- 
ica; Catholic Knights of Ohio; Knights of St. 
George; St. Charles Benevolent society; Gesel- 
len society; St. Joseph's Orphan society; the 
Bavarian society and the Cincinnati Life asso- 
ciation. Politically Mr. Walter is a democrat. 

I /<^ pastor of B'nai Yeshurun temple, 
W Dayton, Ohio, is a native of Buffalo, 
N. Y. , and was born December 6, 
1864. He was primarily educated in the pub- 
lic schools of the city of his birth, and later 
studied for eight years in the Cincinnati uni- 
versity, from which institution he graduated 
June 14, 1887, with the degree of bachelor of 
letters, and two years later he was graduated 
from the Hebrew Union college, of the same 
city, which conferred upon him the title of 
rabbi. In March, 1889, he was unanimously 
elected by the congregation or synagogue of 



B'nai Yeshurun to his present eminent posi- 
tion, and September 6, 1SS9, he delivered his 
inaugural sermon or lecture, which was recog- 
nized as the result of deep thought and ripe 
scholarship, and of great power and beauty of 

Since assuming his pastorate, Rabbi Wert- 
heimer has taken a post-graduate course at 
Martyn college of philosophy, from which he 
was graduated in June, 1895, with the ad- 
vanced degree of Ph. D. The doctor has also 
traveled quite extensively since first locating in 
Dayton, lecturing before many learned socie- 
ties, as well as to popular gatherings, in many 
cities of the west. 

The marriage of Rev. Dr. Wertheimer took 
place in Peru, Ind., December 27, 1893, to 
Miss Hannah Affelder, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Louis Affelder. 

Mrs. Wertheimer is a lady of rare accom- 
plishments, and is especially talented in instru- 
mental music. She has borne her husband 
one child, Lester Henry, who was born Janu- 
ary 5, 189s. 

Rabbi Wertheimer is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and was for two years 
chaplain of his lodge; he is also a member of 
the B'nai Brith, or Sons of the Covenant, and 
was formerly president of the Kersher Shel- 
barzel, a Jewish society of Dayton, as well as 
an active member of the Present Day club. 
He is a scholar of unusual literary attainments, 
is a forcible and eloquent speaker, is possessed 
of indomitable energy, and his philanthropic 
disposition has won for him the esteem of all 
who know him. 

\S~\ EV. EDWARD LORENZ, of Dayton, 
I /^ Ohio, German editor for the United 
P Brethern Publishing house, was born 
in Hessen Darmstadt, Germany, No- 
vember 26, 1827. He received his preliminary 

education in the excellent public schools of his 
native land, and learned the trade of shoemak- 
ing, made illustrious by the many great men 
who began life in this calling. At the age of 
twenty-one years he came to America. Sev- 
eral years later he married Mrs. Adam Geil, 
formerly Miss Barbara Gueth, whom he had 
but passingly known in the fatherland. His 
wife had come to America several years earlier 
with her first husband, who died soon after 
their arrival, leaving her a widow with two 
small children, a stranger in a strange land at 
the age of twenty. With characteristic cour- 
age and fortitude she faced the situation, and 
despite the loss of her inheritance in Germany 
by the bad management of friends, supported 
herself and her little ones until her marriage 
with Mr. Lorenz. But she has borne the 
marks of this trying experience in the pro- 
tracted invalidism of nearly half a century due 
to a broken nervous system. Mrs. Lorenz is a 
woman of unusual force and straightforward- 
ness of character, somewhat rese.rved in man- 
ner and of few words, but with a kind heart 
and full of practical helpfulness, fn this she 
resembles her father, whose young manhood 
was spent in Spain in the army of Napoleon. 
Taken captive by the English he was sent to 
England. Released on parole and sent home 
with 400 comrades, their ship was wrecked on 
the coast of Holland and only twenty-six of 
them were saved. He subsequently wrote a 
graphic narrative of this terrible experience, 
the original manuscript being now in the pos- 
session of E. S. Lorenz. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Lorenz were born three 
children, viz: Edmund Simon, Daniel Ed- 
ward, and Justina. Of these a full biographical 
sketch of Edmund S. follows this memoir; 
Daniel Edward is pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of the Good Shepherd, on Sixty-sixth 
street, New York city, and Justina is professor 
of the German language in the Norwich (Conn. , 



Free academy. Rev. Daniel Edward Lorenz 
received his preparatory education in the Day- 
ton high school, graduated from Otterbein uni- 
versity in 1884, became assistant secretary of 
the Young Men's Christian association of New 
York city, attended Union Theological semi- 
nary, of that city, and married Miss Etta, 
daughter of Bishop J. W. Hott. Justina Lor- 
enz married J. O. Stephens, August 14, 1883, 
but her husband died October 18 following of 
typhoid fever, and since his death she has de- 
voted herself exclusively to teaching. Since 
she accepted her present position she has been 
invited to fill important situations in other in- 
stitutions, but has steadily declined to consider 
or accept them. 

Edward Lorenz was converted the year 
after his reaching America (1849). He united 
with the United Brethren church in Canal Ful- 
ton, Stark county, Ohio, in 1859, and at once 
began preaching in the same town. After 
many years spent in the pastorate, preaching 
in most of the important cities of Ohio, he 
was appointed in May, 1889, by the United 
Brethren missionary board, as general mana- 
ger of its missions in Germany, and was lo- 
cated at Berlin for four years, where his 
daughter, Justina, improved the opportunity in 
completing her advanced studies in the Ger- 
man language. During these years Mr. Lorenz 
traveled in all parts of the German empire, 
superintending the extensive missionary efforts 
of his church. On his return to the United 
States, in 1893, he was chosen pastor of the 
Otterbein (German) church on Xenia avenue, 
Dayton, and held the charge for two years, or 
until 1895, during the last year of his pastorate 
filling also the important position he at present 
occupies. He has exclusive editorial charge 
of all the publications issued in the German 
language by the United Brethren Publishing 
house, which include the Froehliche Botschaf- 
ter, weekly; Jugend Pilger, semi-monthly; 

Lektionshefte, quarterly. Beside editing these, 
he reads the proofs of all German publications 
issued from the United Brethren Publishing 
house and also attends to all the German busi- 
ness correspondence of the house. 

Rev. Mr. Lorenz has been a man of won- 
derful vitality, and now, though past sixty-nine 
years of age, is hale and hearty, being remark- 
ably well preserved and still as affable, digni- 
fied and courteous as when he was in his 
prime. He attends to all his manifold and 
taxing duties without fatigue, and, it may be 
added, has lost but one day from illness during 
his forty years of active labor. 

C/^V HILIP E. GILBERT, the prominent 
1 ■ contractor and builder of Dayton, was 
fl born in Miltonville, Butler county, 

Ohio, November 21, 1845, ms father 
and mother having been respectively of Penn- 
sylvania and Maryland parentage. In 1848 
the family settled in Miamisburg, Montgomery 
county, where Philip was educated in the pub- 
lic and select schools, and at the age of thir- 
teen began an apprenticeship of five years at 
carpentering, serving at the trade during the 
intervals between school sessions. The con- 
clusion of his apprenticeship brought hirn up 
to 1864, when he enlisted in company D, One 
Hundred and Thirty-first Ohio national guard, 
under command of Col. John G. Lowe, and at 
the conclusion of his term of enlistment was 
honorably mustered out. In 1865 he moved 
to West Sonora, Preble county, where he was 
engaged in saw-milling and carpentering for 
several years, and during his residence there 
was united in marriage, June 14, 1866, to 
Miss Mary Ann Scharf, of Franklin, Warren 
county. In the spring of 1868 Mr. Gilbert, 
with no considerable means, ventured upon a 
removal with his wife and child to Dayton, for 
the purpose of improving his worldly condition. 



Here, soon after his arrival, he became ac- 
quainted with the late William P. Huffman, in 
whom he found a sincere friend, and from 
whom he received many kindnesses. Through 
him Mr. Gilbert was enabled to enter into 
contracting and building, and this, with the 
manufacture of builders' supplies, has been his 
business up to the present time. That he 
made a success of his enterprise may be shown 
by the fact that, in the spring of 1878, he be- 
gan the year in March with 125 contracts to 
build houses, and by the close of the season 
had erected 165. Among the heavier contracts 
handled by Mr. Gilbert may be mentioned 
those for the construction of the Ninth district 
school-house, Sacred Heart church, the Cen- 
tral Baptist church, the Fourth National bank, 
the Ohmer Canby block; the Barney block on 
Third and Wayne streets and the Barney 
blocks on Fifth street; the Lowe brothers and 
Ware Coffee company's blocks on First street; 
the J. P. Wolf and J. S. Antrim blocks on 
First street; the residences of E. J. Barney, J. 
P. Wolf, Col. F. T. Huffman, George P. 
Huffman and W. H. Crawford, and also many 
of the largest manufacturing plants in the 
city, including those of the Davis Sewing 
Machine company, the Zwick & Greenwald 
Wheel company, the Dayton Manufacturing 
company, the Woodhull Carriage company, 
the Dayton Last company, the Crume & Sef- 
ton factories, the Dayton Spice-mills, and 
scores of other large and substantial buildings. 
In politics Mr. Gilbert is a strong republican 
ond takes an active interest in his party's wel- 
fare, having served as its delegate to its county, 
state and national conventions; he has served 
two terms of two years each on the board of 
education from his ward, was appointed on the 
board of city affairs for a term of four years 
by the tax commissioners in 1892, and was re- 
appointed for four years by Mayor C. G. Mc- 
Millen in 1896. He has been a member of 

the Garfield club since its organization; is a 
member of the Dayton club, of the Old Guard 
post, G. A. R. , of Dayton lodge, F. & A. M., 
is a Knight Templar, and also a member of 
Iola lodge, K. of P. In religion he is a Bap- 
tist and has been a member of the Linden ave- 
nue church since its organization and its Sun- 
day-school superintendent for eleven years. 
Mr. Gilbert has always been a public-spirited 
citizen, devoted to the material interests of his 
adopted city. Of the ten children born to his 
marriage, the following-named still survive: 
Erminie P., now Mrs. Ira Crawford; Florence 
E., wife of J. Frank Kiefaber; Hattie B. ; 
William P., book-keeper for the Huffman 
Stone Co.; Edwin D., a student, and Helen E. 

■ Prof. William J. and Anna (Ford) Patter- 
(9 1 son, whose biography is elsewhere giv- 
en, is a native of Montgomery county, 
Ohio, and was born July 26, 1862. Hepassedhis 
youthful days on a farm, performing the severe 
physical labor incident to such a life, but by no 
means neglected the cultivation of his mental 
powers. Aided by his father and other com- 
petent teachers he was able, at the age of nine- 
teen years, to assume the duties of a school- 
master, and for three years followed this pro- 
fession as a vocation. He then entered the 
law office of Boltin & Shauck, of which firm 
the junior member is now a judge of the supreme 
court of Ohio. Through diligent study young 
Patterson was soon prepared for the bar, to 
which he was admitted in 1887, when he im- 
mediately entered upon the active practice of 
his profession. His abilities were promptly 
recognized, and in 1890 he was elected prose- 
cuting attorney of Montgomery county, upon 
the democratic ticket, and his performance of 
the duties of that office served to add to his 
reputation as a lawyer. He now holds a prom- 



inent position among the members of the Day- 
ton bar, being the senior member of the firm 
Patterson & Murphy. 

Mr. Patterson was united in marriage, 
June 19, 1883, with Miss Mary A. Douglass, of 
Oxford, Ohio, and this union has been blessed 
with one son, John M., born August 2, 1885. 

eZRA F. KIMMEL, manager of the 
National Improvement company, and 
among the best known young business 
men of Dayton, was born in this city 
October 20, 1863. His father, Christian Kim- 
mel, was one of the old settlers of Dayton, 
having come here from Germany in 1846. He 
resided in this city the rest of his life, being 
killed in September, 1893, in a railroad wreck 
while on his way home from the world's fair. 
For thirty-five years Mr. Kimmel was superin- 
tendent of the machine shops of the Buckeye 
Iron & Brass works. His widow, who still 
lives in Dayton, was a native of Ashland coun- 
ty, Ohio, and a daughter of Jacob Ecki. She 
was also in the wreck in which her husband 
was killed, and sustained severe injuries. To 
them there were born six children, five of whom 
are still living, and residing in Dayton, as fol- 
lows: William H. , secretary of the Mutual 
Home & Savings association; Mrs. Louise 
Bard, wife of O. J. Bard, attorney at law; 
Mrs. Anna Freehofer, wife of A. O. Freehofer, 
bookkeeper for the John Dodds Manufacturing 
company; Gnstave B., a student in college at 
Napierville, 111., and Ezra F. 

Ezra F. Kimmel was reared in Dayton and 
was educated in the public schools of that city, 
including the high school, from which he 
graduated in 1879. In May, 1880, he began 
working for R. C. Anderson, manufacturer of 
plows, as bookkeeper, in which position he re- 
mained for four years. In March, 1884, he 
entered the office of the Mutual Home & 

Savings association, having charge of that as- 
sociation's books for four years, and being its 
auditor for three years and a half. On July 
15, 1891, he organized the John Dodds Manu- 
facturing company, of which he became vice- 
president and superintendent, in which capa- 
cities he acted until December 1, 1896, when 
he accepted the position of manager for the 
National Improvement company and agent for 
E. J. Barney. At the time he left the Mutual 
Home & Savings association, he >was made a 
director and a member of the finance commit- 
tee of the institution, positions which he still 
retains. He aided in organizing the Walker 
Lithographic & Printing company, and was 
a director of that company until the latter part 
of 1895, when he sold his interest in the 

Mr. Kimmel was married in November, 
1885, to Miss Ida M. Steffey, daughter of Rev. 
M. W. Steffey, a minister of the Evangelical 
association, formerly of Dayton, Ohio, but 
now of South Bend, Ind. To the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Kimmel there have been born 
two children, Florence M. and Russell Ezra. 

Mr. Kimmel is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and of the church of the Evangelical 
association, and is a member of the board of 
trustees of that church. In both fraternity and 
church he enjoys a high slanding and is held in 
sincere esteem by his many friends in the 

EENRY W. KAISER, one of the com- 
missioners of Montgomery county, 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 
21, 1850. As the name indicates, he 
is of German antecedents. He was reared in 
Cincinnati and was there educated in the public 
schools, learning both German and English, 
and being confirmed in German. After leav- 
ing school he learned the trade of saddle cov- 



ering and worked at this occupation for a num- 
ber of years. Since November I, 1875, he 
has been a resident of Dayton, to which city 
he removed for the purpose of taking charge of 
the business of the Fleischmann Yeast company, 
as general agent, which position he has held 
ever since, a period of more than twenty years. 
Mr. Kaiser was elected county commissioner 
in the fall of 1893, the term being for three 
years and expiring in the spring of 1897. He 
is a republican in politics, and a popular man 
in Montgomery county. He was married, 
September 17, 1874, in Cincinnati, to Miss 
Emma Rheinhardt, who was born in that city 
October 17, 1855, and who was the daughter 
of Frederick Rheinhardt. She became the 
mother of three children, as follows: Harry 
F. ; Maude N., and J. Edward, and died De- 
cember 22, 1895. Mr. Kaiser is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias and of the Ancient Or- 
der of United Workmen, holding at the pres- 
ent time the presidency of the Grand trustee 
board of Ohio of that order. He is also a 
member of the Knights of Maccabees. He is 
a member of St. John's German Evangelical 
Lutheran church, in good standing, and is one 
of the useful and esteemed citizens of Dayton. 

y^yLIAS LEWIS ACTON, draftsman, 
H 1 and supervising architect, with his 

V«_>A. office in the Callahan Bank building, 
Dayton, Ohio, was born in London, 
Madison county, Ohio, May 21, 185 1, and is a 
son of Richard and Minerva (Lewis) Acton. 
The father, also a native of the Buckeye state, 
was a carriage builder by occupation, and died 
in London at the age of sixty-two years; the 
mother still resides in that city, and is passing 
the closing years of her life in religious work 
in the interest of the Universalist church. 
These parents had born to them four children, 
viz: Lina and Elias L. , who are twins — 

Lina being now the wife of G. P. Cross, of 
Minneapolis; Peyton H., who was a journalist 
at Sioux Falls, Dak., for a number of years, 
and died in that city at the age of thirty-five; 
and Maggie who is still the companion of her 

Elias L. Acton left his native city in 1869, 
and went to Cincinnati, where for about seven 
years, he made his home with his uncle, Bolly 
Lewis, and entered upon his business life as a 
clerk or salesman, in a carpet store, in the 
meantime taking lessons in isometric and or- 
nametal drawing, thus laying the foundation of 
his after skill as an architect; he next spent 
two years in New Orleans, La., in a carpet 
store, and also continued the study of drafting. 
In 1878 Mr. Acton returned to his native city, 
where he was engaged, in association with his 
brother, Peyton H., in the publication of the 
Madison County Times. In 1881 Mr. Acton 
came to Dayton, re-engaged in the carpet 
business, and was also employed as a designer 
of ceiling decorations. About 1888 he turned 
his attention to architectural work exclusively, 
and for several months was employed by Will- 
iams, Otter & Dexter as draftsman and de- 
signer. He then embarked in business as an 
architect on his own account, and during the 
past eight years has designed and constructed 
many fine edifices in Dayton and elsewhere, 
notably, the Hotel Atlas, the Armory, and the 
Gem Shirt company's building, besides many of 
the better class of private residences. He is 
at present engaged in the construction, on Fifth 
street, of the Ridgway apartment building, 
which comprises seven distinct structures under 
one roof. Mr. Acton is also superintending 
the erection of an architecturally beautiful 
double stone front building for George Fair, 
costing $16,000, which will be an additional 
evidence of the skill of its designer and an or- 
nament to the city. 

Mr. Acton was married in Dayton, Sep- 



tember 27, 1879, to Miss Anna Nolan, of 
Columbus, Ohio, a native of Madison county. 
Mrs. Acton bore her husband three children, 
but at the early age of thirty-six years was 
laid to eternal rest, dying in Dayton, February 
13, 1895. The three children are: Richard, 
who, now at the age of fifteen years, is an as- 
sistant in his father's office, but is also attend- 
ing school; Thomas, aged twelve years, and 
Minerva, aged nine, are still the companions 
of their father, and are also attending school. 
Mrs. Acton was a conscientious Catholic in her 
religious faith, and her children have been 
baptized in that church. Mr. Acton was 
formerly a democrat, but became a republican 
at about the time of the resumption of specie 
payment by the government. 

ident and general manager of the 
Herald Publishing company, of Day- 
ton, Ohio, was born February 1, 1837, 
on the Weakley farm, in the vicinity of Day- 
ton, and is the son of Edward Thomas and 
Catherine (Gunckel) Weakley. The Weakley 
family is of English origin, the first to come to 
America having been five well-to-do brothers, 
who emigrated together prior to the coming of 
William Penn. Three of them located in Penn- 
sylvania, while the other two went south. 
The latter became the progenitors of large fam- 
ilies. Weakley county, Tenn., was named for 
one of them. The grandfather of Herbert H. 
was Thomas Weakley, who was born in Cum- 
berland county, Pa.., and whose wife was Ann 
Alexander; her father was a staff officer of 
Gen. Washington. 

Edward Thomas Weakley, their only son, 
was also born in Cumberland county, Pa., and 
came with his parents to Montgomery county, 
Ohio, in 1828. The original family resi- 

dence, located on the old Weakley homestead, 
near the soldier's home, was built by Thomas 
Weakley, and still stands. In its time it was 
the finest farm residence in Montgomery county. 
At Germantown, Montgomery county, Ohio, 
in 1834, Edward Thomas Weakley was mar- 
ried to Catherine Gunckel. She was the 
daughter of the late Col. Michael Gunckel, 
and sister to William, Henry S., George 
W. , and Lewis B. When Herbert H. was 
a child, his parents removed to New Carlisle, 
Clark county, Ohio, and there his father em- 
barked in the tanning and leather business, 
which he carried on successfully for a number 
of years. His death occurred in New Carlisle, 
in 1890, that of his widow occurring about two 
years later. To Edward Thomas Weakley and 
wife children were born as follows : Her- 
bert Henry, Mrs. Dr. William W. Crane, of 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio; Mrs. Dr. G. A. Billow, 
of New Carlisle; Mrs. Charles Neff, of Colum- 
bus, Ohio; Capt. T. J. and George Willis, oi 

Henry Herbert Weakley attended the pub- 
lic schools of New Carlisle until he reached his 
fifteenth year, when he was sent to a grammar 
school at Springfield, Ohio. He next entered 
Antioch college at Yellow Springs, Ohio, where 
he spent one year, and then entered Miami 
university, at Oxford, Ohio, where he took 
the regular collegiate course, and graduated in 
the class of 1858. In the fall of the same 
year he came to Dayton and entered the law 
office of Gunckel & Strong, where he spent two 
years studying law. He was admitted to the 
bar in i860 and spent several years in prac- 
tice in the office of his preceptors. 

In 1863 Mr. Weakley organized a local fire 
insurance company with R. B. Harshman as 
president ; as secretary and manager Mr. 
Weakley conducted that business, the company 
taking and holding high position through 
his efforts, at the same time carrying on 




the practice of law and the collection of 
claims against the government until the fall 
of 1 87 1, when he resigned his position to 
accept that of land commissioner of the 
West Wisconsin Railroad company ( now 
the St. Paul line of the C. & N.-W. R. R.J, 
with headquarters at Hudson, Wis. Mr. Weak- 
ley was one of the most efficient officers of the 
company and during his connection with the 
railroad sold over 750,000 acres of land. In the 
fall of 1 878 he resigned this position, and, with 
his wife, made a general tour of the United 
States, including the territories. Following 
this he located at Troy, Ohio, and established 
the Miami county bank, succeeding the bank- 
ing firm of W. H. H. Dye & Son. As president 
and owner Mr. Weakley coducted very success- 
fully this banking house for seven years, be- 
coming, in the meantime, a partner in the 
wholesale grocery fism of Weakley, Worman 
& Co., of Dayton. Selling his banking inter- 
ests in Troy, in 1879, Mr. Weakley, accom- 
panied by his wife and daughter, spent nearly 
two years in traveling in central Europe. Upon 
his return he located permanently in Dayton, 
and has continued to reside here. After having 
been a citizen of Dayton for about eight months 
Mr. Weakley assisted in the organization of the 
Dayton board of trade, and for two years was 
president and manager of the board, during 
which time he gave to that organization an 
impetus which made it an assured success, and 
when he severed his official connection with it 
he had won the highest respect and esteem of 
the business men of Dayton. From time to 
time Mr. Weakley has been interested in dif- 
ferent enterprises in Dayton, and still retains 
a number of important connections in business 
affairs; but it is to the Herald Publishing com- 
pany that he gives his time and attention, and 
in which he takes a just pride and pleasure. 
It was in September, 1889, that he purchased 
the controlling interest in the Herald com- 

pany. The Evening Herald was then a four- 
page paper with a weekly edition of the same 
size. Mr. Weakley purchased the building now 
known as the Herald building, corner of Sec- 
ond and Jefferson streets, and there developed 
the business, enlarging the daily and weekly 
editions to eight-page papers. Under his act- 
ive direction as president, general manager and 
principal owner, the paper has proved to be 
one of the most successful in the city, and 
justly lays claim to being the largest and enjoy- 
ing the greatest circulation of the several pa- 
pers published in Dayton. He has been a 
member of the Dayton club since its organiza- 
tion, and is connected with other social organ- 

On September 21, 1861, Mr. Weakley 
married Miss Sarah Culbertson, of Troy, Ohio, 
a daughter of H. H. Culbertson, one of the 
old families of Miami county. A daughter 
was born to them — an only child — who mar- 
ried Charles Van Ausdal, on January 31st, 
1888. Mrs. Van Ausdal received a fine edu- 
cation, completing her studies with Mrs. 
Reed, of New York, after which she accom- 
panied her parents on a lengthened tour in 

Mr. Weakley has been successful in every 
business enterprise with which he was person- 
ally identified. He has never had any politic- 
al ambition, and although preferment of that 
character has been offered him, he has invar- 
iably declined. Decided in character, warm 
in friendship, he has always enjoyed much 
personal popularity. He has always had 
charge and control of large transactions and 
his business capacity is of a very high order. 
His education and literary tastes have fitted 
him for any walk in life. Age is coming along 
apace, and with an ample fortune, a handsome 
home and a fine library, enjoying the highest 
respect and confidence of the people, he can 
pleasantly look back upon a successful life. 




had its origin in the school known as 
the Boulevard Conservatory of Music. 
The founders of this school, the Misses 
Lillie C, Louie M. , and Viola M.Butz, seeing 
the success attending their new enterprise, 
concluded that a college organization should be 
perfected and duly incorporated under the laws 
of the state of Ohio, which was accordingly 
effected October 17, 1S92. The hopes of the 
founders have been more than realized. The 
press, the standing of the college, the rating of 
its pupils, the hearty endorsement of the citi- 
zens of Dayton, Ohio, have shown that the 
conception and developement of the plan for 
musical education in the minds of its founders 
was no mere theory, but a clear discernment 
of the needs of the city and surrounding 
territory, in the sphere of musical culture. 
With the ample facilities and acknowledged 
strength of the faculty a thorough collegiate 
education is afforded to students of the insti- 

In establishing the College of Music, the 
Misses Butz associated with themselves their 
brother, Clarence A. Butz, Anthony J. Schath, 
and Miss Josephine H. Holbrook. The faculty 
engaged in the institution are not only success- 
ful teachers but concert artists of confirmed 
ability, having appeared with great success on 
the concert stage of Europe as well as America. 
The principals of the various departments are 
Lillie C. Butz, Louie M. Butz, Viola M. Butz, 
Clarence A. Butz, Anthony J. Schath, and 
Josephine H. Holbrook, whose extensive 
studies have given them a perfect understand- 
ing of the best methods existing, and who are 
gifted with the faculty of successfully impart- 
ing this knowledge to their pupils. The most 
approved European methods are used at this 
college, which professes to be a true model in 
teaching the same method to all grades of its 
pupils and uniting all of its teachers in one 

scientific plan for the development of the best 
musical results. There is an inspiration in as- 
sociation with others engaged in the same 
work. The college has for its object the foun- 
dation and diffusion of a high musical educa- 
tion, which, based on the study of the classic 
masters, embraces whatever is good in modern 
art. The curriculum comprises the art of sing- 
ing, instruction of piano, violin, pipe organ, 
harp, viola, violoncello, flute, oboe, clarinet, 
French-horn, cornet, trombone, and full in- 
duction in theory, harmony and ensemble. 
The voice method strictly observed, is the pure 
Italian method of singing. The Stuttgart and 
Leipsic piano methods are used, embracing 
thorough study through preparatory, academic 
and collegiate courses, carrying the student 
from the first elements of musical education to 
the highest proficiency. The violin course 
comprises the study of Hermann, Spohe, 
Schubert, Schroeder and David's Hoch-schule 
methods. For all the other instruments the 
best European methods extant are used. 

The Misses Lillie, Louie and Viola Butz 
and Clarence Butz are descended from musical 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Butz, Jr., 
who, from a life of study and constant associa- 
tion with music, together with fine talents, 
have always occupied and still enjoy. a promi- 
nent place among the leading musicians of 
Dayton, and have earned an enviable reputa- 
tion in many cities in which they have appeared 
in concert. Lawrence Butz is bass soloist in 
Holy Trinity Catholic church, Dayton, Ohio, 
which position he has held for many years. 
His wife, Mrs. Lawrence Butz, is the capable 
organist of the church, having successfully 
filled that place for the past twelve years, pre- 
v'ous to which time she had been the leading 
soprano for a number of years. Having so 
assiduously brought out and cultivated their 
own musical tendencies, Mr. and Mrs. Butz 
spared neither pains nor money properly to 



direct the qualifications of their children. At 
the age of five, respectively, the three daugh- 
ters were placed under the best local teachers 
until they had reached twelve years. They 
were then sent to Mount Notre Dame, an ex- 
cellent academy near Cincinnati, where for a 
period of five years they pursued a thorough 
theoretical and practical study of music — voice, 
piano and pipe organ — following also a col- 
legiate course of art, science, mathematics, 
history and languages, taught at this school. 
After receiving each a gold medal and diploma, 
their study continued under eminent teachers 
in New York, and after several years they 
placed themselves under the best masters in 

Clarence Butz, like his sisters, is possessed 
of a fine voice which has been highly cultiva- 
ted, and has studied piano and pipe organ to a 
creditable extent, yet his favorite instrument 
is the violin, of which he is a most successful 
teacher and at the same time a soloist on 
the concert stage. This young man's talent 
showed itself at a very early time in life. He 
began the study of the piano as a preparation 
for the violin, beginning on the latter instru- 
ment at the age of nine years. He, too, was 
placed under the best local instructors for the 
first years, and at the age of fifteen began 
study in Cincinnati under Prof. A. J. Schath, 
who afterward became one of the faculty in 
the Dayton College of Music. Mr. Butz rose 
to eminent proficiency under Mr. Schath, with 
whom he studied assiduously for years, when 
he placed himself under the instruction of 
Max Bendix, of Chicago, whose capable ped- 
agogic worth is universally acknowledged. 

Mr. Butz is the teacher of a large class of 
students at the College of Music, whose prog- 
ress ably attests his qualifications as a first- 
class teacher of violin. 

The Misses Butz and Clarence Butz have 
distinguished themselves with success wherever 

they have appeared in concert. Among the 
musical celebrities with whom these young 
artists have been associated are Sig. Albino 
Gorno and John S. Van Cleve, critic and lec- 
turer both of the College of Music, Cincin- 
nati; Mile. Verlet, of the Opera Comique, 
Paris; Mme. Moriani, Mile. Poisson and Mon- 
sieur Van Doren, of Brussels; William H. 
Sherwood, of Chicago; and Victor Thrane, 
the impressario, of New York. 

The College of Music is eentrally located, 
occupying the fifth floor of the Louis block, 
southwest corner of Fifth and Jefferson streets. 
The scholastic term opens each year with 
Septemebri, continuing until June 30. From 
July 1, to September 1, the college summer 
term is in session. Every facility for practice 
and study is given the pupils at the college. 
Beside the students' concerts that are given at 
stated periods during the scholastic term, a 
number of artist concerts are given by the 
faculty and eminent people of the concert 
world, for the purpose of educating the public 
to a love of the divine art. The Dayton Col- 
lege of Music is one of the most refining of 
the educational institutions of the city and 
well deserves the extended patronage it enjoys. 

BRANK ANDERSON, engineer of the 
Steele High School building, Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in this city May 25, 
1854, a son of Benjamin and Maria 
(Wall) Anderson, of whom the former was 
born in Washington township, Montgomery 
county, Ohio, and reared to manhood in Cen- 
terville; the latter was a native of Maryland, 
and their marriage took place in Dayton. 

Benjamin Anderson was a merchant tailor 
in the Gem City from 1840 until about 1867, 
when he engaged in the produce commission 
business, in which he continued a few years 
only, and was living retired at his death, when 



fifty-four years of age, in 1882. His widow- 
survived until 1893, when she died at the age 
of seventy-two years, leaving six children, viz.: 
Mrs. Hattie Thompson; Charles, who, though 
a mere boy at the close of the Civil war, en- 
listed at Dayton in 1865, served 100 days, is 
now married, and is a clerk in his native city 
of Dayton; Addie and Josephine, who are 
twins, the former being now Mrs. George W. 
Heathman and the latter the widow of P. E. 
Morton, both sisters being residents of Dayton; 
and William, who is a carpenter of the same 
city, Frank being the youngest of the family. 

Frank Anderson was educated in the Day- 
ton public schools, and early learned the trade 
of steam and gas fitting, at which he worked 
for about fifteen years, and then began general 
engineering. In 1S95 he was chosen engineer 
of the Steele High School building, a position 
of great responsibility and requiring a sound 
knowledge of machinery, and in which he has 
given the most faithful and efficient service up 
to the present time. 

In 1889 Mr. Anderson married Mrs. Sallie 
Clarke, a native of Preble county, Ohio, but 
at the time of her marriage to Mr. Anderson a 
resident of Dayton. She bore the maiden 
name of Kirtland, and by her first marriage is 
the mother of one son — Delbert Clarke — now 
sixteen years of age and a member of Mr. An- 
derson's household. 

Mr. Anderson is a member of the Junior 
Order of American Mechanics, and, with his 
wife, of the Daughters of Liberty. They be- 
long to the congregation worshiping at the 
Central Baptist church, and in politics Mr. 
Anderson is a sound republican of the Mc- 
Kinley school. He has led a quiet, industrious 
life, confining himself to his own affairs, and 
has made many warm friends in Dayton, where 
those who best know him honor him the most. 
He and his family hold the respect and esteem 
of their neighbors to a marked degree. 

I f^l lain in the United States navy, with 
1 P his residence at No. 304 South Jeffer- 
son street, Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
York, Pa., March 18, 1835, a son of Thomas 
M. and Ann Jane (Kerfoot; Lewis. 

Thomas M. Lewis was a native of Bucks 
county, Pa., from January 17, 1808, and on 
September 11, 1832, married Miss Ann Jane 
Kerfoot, in Lancaster, Pa. In October, 1838, 
he brought his family to Dayton, Ohio, and 
engaged in the clothing business, which he fol- 
lowed until shortly before his death, which 
was caused by a railroad accident and took 
place in Dayton, July 14, 1884. 

His widow, the mother of John K. Lewis, 
still resides in Dayton. She was born in Dub- 
lin, Ireland, October 5, 1S10, and came to 
America with her parents in 1818. She is the 
second child who grew to maturity of Richard 
Kerfoot, of Castle Blarney, county Monaghan, 
Ireland, of the baronial family of Kerfoot, of 
Berwick manor, in the south part of Scotland, 
on the border of England, a branch of which 
family settled in Ireland in the time of Queen 
Elizabeth, of England. Her mother was a 
daughter of Hugh Cumming, an attorney of 
Armagh, Ireland, who was, according to tradi- 
tion, confirmed by the coat of arms borne by 
his ancestor, Alexander Cumming. The broth- 
ers of Mrs. Lewis were persons in high official 
station, in both England and Ireland, but the 
only one now living is a leading real estate 
dealer in Chicago, 111., where he settled in 

William D. Lewis, the paternal grandfather 
of Rev. John K. Lewis, was born in Bucks 
county, Pa., of Welsh parentage. To the 
marriage of his son, Thomas M., with Ann 
Jane Kerfoot, were born, beside the subject of 
this sketch, four children, viz.: Samuel S., 
who for many years was a farmer in Kansas, 
but is now a resident of California; Martha J., 


£L &(f m £&s*r2k 




who died in 1863 at the age of twenty-nine 
years; Mary A., who was married _to George 
H. Lane, an attorney of Dayton, and about 
1856 removed to Burlington, Iowa, where she 
died, in 1871, at the age of thirty-four years; 
and Emily M., who died in Dayton, in 1887, 
aged forty-one years. 

The education of John K. Lewis was be- 
gun in the pioneer schools of Dayton, where 
he was under the instruction of Mr. Gaylor 
and Mr. Chipman, and also, in his early days, 
was a pupil under Mr. and Mrs. James Wal- 
ters, of Sixth street. At the age of about eleven 
years he left the public school and became a 
student under Milo G. Williams, in the old 
academy, which afterward became the first 
high school of the city, under the manage- 
ment of James H. Campbell and Dr. Crook, 
and later under that of John W. Hall. At 
the age of nearly fifteen years, Mr. Lewis en- 
tered the Ohio Wesleyan university, but was 
dissatisfied with its curriculum and returned 
to Dayton, where for three years he was em- 
ployed as a clerk in a book store. He then 
entered Saint James college, an Episcopal in- 
stitution, near Hagerstown, Md. In passing, 
it may be said that the president of this col- 
lege was a brother of his mother; that the 
college was discontinued during the Civil war 
and was never rehabilitated, and that its pres- 
ident later became president of Trinity college, 
Hartford, Conn. 

At the age of twenty-two years Mr. Lewis 
was graduated from Saint James and was at 
once installed as head master of the grammar 
school of the same — a position he held for 
four years, or until the outbreak of the Rebel- 
lron. In 1858, while still in the institution, he 
was ordained a deacon in the Episcopal church, 
and in i860 was invested with full orders. In 
1 86 1 he entered upon his ministerial duties 
as assistant to the pastor of the Episcopal 
church at Elizabeth, N. J., and in 1862 was 

placed in charge of Saint Luke's Episcopal 
church at Buffalo, N. Y. , where he officiated 
four years. He next established Saint Mark's 
school, at Southborough, Mass., under the 
auspices of the church, and this school is still 
in existence and in a most flourishing condition. 
A year later he was given charge of a mission 
in Syracuse, N. Y., and after four years of 
labor succeeded in building a church edifice — 
now the second Episcopal church of that city. 

In November, 1869, Rev. Mr. Lewis was 
appointed a chaplain in the United States navy, 
and although his time since then has chiefly 
been passed in shore duty, he has nevertheless 
seen seven or eight years of sea service, during 
which period he has visited Europe, Asia, 
Africa and the South Sea islands, according to 
sailing orders issued by the navy department 
to the commander of the man-of-war or fleet 
to which he happened to be detailed. While 
performing shore duty as United States naval 
chaplain, he often conducted religious services, 
not only for his crew, but for the landsmen, 
among whom he may have happened at the 
time to be stationed. For the past ten years 
he has considered Dayton to be his permanent 
home, and, if he live until March, 1897, he 
will be placed on the retired list of United 
States officers. 

The first marriage of Rev. Mr. Lewis was 
solemnized in Elizabeth, N. J., in 1862, with 
Miss Susan W. Moore, a native of that city. 
This union resalted in the birth of five daugh- 
ters, in the following order: Catherine E., 
Martha, Mary, Margaret and Florence. Of 
these Catherine E., is the wife of William E. 
Abbey, of Philadelphia, and Martha is married 
to Mr. Hill, of Newport, R. I. The second 
marriage of Rev. Mr. Lewis was with Miss 
Anne E. Keble, of Dayton, daughter of Walter 
and Elizabeth Keble — the parents being of 
English birth. 

Rev. Mr. Lewis is a Thirty-second degree 



Scottish rite Mason. In politics he is inde- 
pendent, but is an advocate of the single tax 
theory. In early times his father was one of 
the foremost of Ohio abolitionists, and, with 
Dr. Hibbard Jewett and John A. Sprague, had 
the courage to maintain his convictions of right 
in the face of the strong pro-slavery element 
the day. He was well understood as one of 
the managers of "the underground railroad," 
and assisted many a fugitive slave to freedom, 
and rejoiced that he lived to see America free 
in fact as well as in name. 

master at the National Military home, 
near Dayton, Ohio, and one of the 
most accomplished musicians and 
band leaders in the United States, was born in 
London, England, March 4, 1823, and, vet- 
eran as he is, still stands at the head of his 
profession. His parents were Thomas and 
Catherine (Robinson) Adkins, the former of 
whom was a soldier of the Twenty-fourth 
"foot" regiment in the British army. 

When a child of two years of age, the son 
was taken through Ireland by his parents, his 
father following the fortunes of his regiment 
in that island, and his wife accompanying 
him. At the age of six years young Adkins 
first saw America, the regiment to which his 
father was attached being ordered to Quebec, 
Canada, where the father died in 1833 — and 
the mother and son were returned to England 
by the government. At the age of nine years, 
Thomas was placed in the Royal Military 
school in London, where he received a mili- 
tary and musical education, and, having devel- 
oped a decided taste and talent for musical 
art, was entered, at the age of fifteen years, 
as musician, in the Second regiment of life 
guards — the bodyguard of the sovereign. After 
nig ten years in this regiment, Mr. Adkins 

came to the United States, and made his first 
engagement as a musician as master of the 
Washington band of New York city; he was 
also a member of the orchestra which played 
at the concerts of the Swedish nightingale, 
Jenny Lind, in her earliest concerts in this 
country, he playing cornet solo, and still 
has a program of the third concert given by 
that famous showman, Phineas T. Barnum — 
possibly at Castle Garden, New York. Dur- 
ing this time Mr. Adkins still retained his po- 
sition as leader of the Washington band, which 
was attached to or employed by the aristo- 
cratic and "crack" regiment, known as the 
Seventh New York militia, but four or five 
years later the band dissolved its connection 
with the Seventh and attached itself to the 
Eighth New York militia. In a short time, how- 
ever, Mr. Adkins withdrew from this connec- 
tion and went to New Orleans, La., and for a 
while was solo cornetist in a theater orchestra 
during the winter of 1855-56. In the spring 
of the latter year he organized a band of 
twenty-five men to accompany the "gray- 
eyed man of destiny," Gen. William Walker, 
who departed, with a body of "fishermen," 
to aid in the liberation of 'Nicaragua, but he 
was not long a band-master with that little 
army, as it soon became necessary to shoulder 
a musket and fight in person. Penned up in 
the little city of Rivas, the patriot army de- 
fended itself against a siege of three months, 
living on horseflesh, dogs, lizards and what- 
not, and in the meantime slaughtering about 
1,000 of the besiegers, but at last compro- 
mised, marched out, and the greater part of the 
250 fighting men were deported for New York. 
Mr. Adkins, however, wandered to the Pacific 
coast and at Point d'Arenus formed a troupe 
of minstrels — the first heard in the country — 
composed of seven musicians. The British 
consul at the Point was a cornet player, had 
several instruments, which he loaned the 



troupe, and banjos, etc., were constructed 
through the ingenuity of the band. Through 
this means the performers were enabled to 
travel several hundred miles afoot and make a 

While on this memorable trip Mr. Adkins 
was engaged by a local priest to play at a cel- 
ebration over the defeat of Gen. Walker, and, 
though this engagement was not to his taste, 
playing dance and other profane music at the 
head of the military procession on Sunday, 
while the cannon were booming, yet it netted 
him considerable "dinero" and he was well 
treated. Mr. Adkins was also offered a posi- 
tion as leader of a fine band at Walla Walla, 
but declined. He received, however, a purse 
of $30 and a liberal supply of provisions from 
the friendly priest — Padre Cabaisa — and went 
on his way rejoicing. On reaching Aspinwall 
he boarded a vessel for New York, but found 
that he had only $25 in his possession, while 
the passage rate was fixed at $60; but by a 
Masonic arrangement he was permitted to 
embark for the voyage. When the vessel 
stopped at the way port of Havana, Cuba, 
Mr. Adkins was seized with the Chagres fever, 
a disease known only to Central America, but 
continuing the voyage, he arrived in New York 
July 4, 1857, where he was confined in bed 
during the three months following. He was 
then able to resume his place as master of the 
Washington band, and in the latter part of 
1857 was offered by Col. Colt (the inventor of 
the revolving firearm), of Hartford, Conn., a 
liberal compensation as leader of his band in 
that city, which was accepted and filled until 

Mr. Adkins then organized a band of twen- 
ty-four musicians for the Fourteenth United 
States infantry, and for five years and eleven 
months was connected with this regiment, serv- 
ing through the Civil war, the greater part of 
the time at headquarters, but nevertheless in 

the field through the battle of the Wilderness. 
At the close of the war the widow of Col. Colt 
recalled Capt. Adkins to Hartford, Conn., and 
placed him once more in charge of the Colt 
factory band, which position he retained until 
1 88 1. This was an especial recognition of his 
merits as a musician and band leader, as he 
was thus employed, save during the war, from 
1857 until 1 88 1. During the last engagement 
of Capt. Adkins at the Colt firearms factory, 
Gen. Franklin was its superintendent, and it 
was through his influence that the captain was 
admitted to the National Military home at 

In May, 18S1, Capt. Adkins was placed 
in charge of the Home band, and a recent re- 
port rendered by the United States inspector, 
Gen. Breckinridge, shows this to be one of the 
best military bands in the country — it being 
composed of thirty-three pieces. 

Capt Adkins was first married, in England, 
to Miss Mary Walker, who there died, leaving 
one son, who sacrificed his life in our late Civil 
war. His present wife, whom he married in 
Portland, Oregon, in 1866, was Miss Jane Mil- 
lard, a native of Ireland. To this union eight 
children have been born, viz. : Catherine, 
Alice, Frederick William, Thomas, Alfred, 
Maud, Mabel and Edward. Of the sons, 
Alfred served three years in the United States 
cavalry service, receiving his discharge in 
1895 ; the daughters, inheriting the musical, 
talent of their father, have developed as most 
excellent performers on the piano. 

There is one fact in regard to the family of 
Capt. Adkins which ought to be mentioned, 
and that is that, although he is an Englishman 
born, his relative, Nathan Adkins, was a soldier 
in the Second regulars of Virginia in the war 
of the Revolution, and aided in attaining the 
independence of the country in which the cap- 
tain has now found a home. 

Capt. Adkins was made a Freemason, in 



New York city, in 1852, in Worth lodge ; he 
was dimitted thence to Mystic lodge, No. 405, 
at Dayton, Ohio, and has attained to the 
Thirty-second degree — a very exalted position 
in the order. He is also a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and in religion 
he and his family are members of the Episco- 
palian church. In his politics he is a repub- 
lican, and he and his sons furnish four straight 
votes annually for that party. 


AJ. CARL BERLIN, assistant ad- 
jutant general of the Central branch 
of the National Home for Disabled 
Volunteer Soldiers near Dayton, 
Ohio, was born near Ystad, in the northern 
part of Sweden, May 17, 1834, was graduated 
from a university and the military academy, 
entered the Swedish atmy at the age of twenty 
years, as a non-commissioned officer, received 
his commission as second lieutenant in 1856, 
and as first lieutenant in 1862, serving in all 
nine years. In the fall of 1863 he came to 
the United States, was at once commissioned 
first lieutenant of company C, Eighth New 
York volunteer cavalry, and faithfully served 
against the rebels until mustered out with his 
regiment in December, 1864. The day of his 
muster out he was commissioned first lieutenant 
of the First New York light artillery, and served 
with this rank until the close of the internecine 
struggle. He took part in all the engagements 
of the army of the Potomac during the years 
he was in the service, doing duty as aid-de- 
camp to the chief of artillery. Gen. Henry J. 
Hunt, and as inspector of the artillery brigade, 
Fifth army corps. He was brevetted captain 
and major for brave and meritorious conduct 
at Spottsylvania Court House and Petersburg. 
After the close of the war he engaged in plant- 
ing and in mercantile business in South Caro- 
lina, but his experience in these lines was not 

altogether gratifying, and he relinquished them 
in 1884. In 1885 he was appointed adjutant 
and inspector of the Central branch of the 
National Home for Disabled Volunteer Sol- 
diers. He is a member of the Loyal Legion 
and of the Grand Army of the Republic, and a 
Knight of the Royal Order of the Sword, 
which decoration was conferred on him by the 
king of Sweden. 

Maj. Berlin is not only one of the most 
popular officers connected with the govern- 
ment of the home, but he numbers among his 
friends very many of the best citizens of Day- 

HDAM ADELBERGER, ex-member of 
the Dayton city council from the Sec- 
ond ward, and who was a well-known 
butcher, residing at No. 315 and 317 
Xenia avenue, was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, 
Germany, December 31, 1848. Having re- 
ceived his education in his native country, he 
left home on June 17, 1866, and came to the 
United States, landing in New York and com- 
ing thence direct to Dayton, which place he 
reached July 22, 1866. His trade of butcher 
he acquired in Dayton, working for Leonard 
Stockert, one of the oldest butchers of the 
city, where he still resides. For some four 
years after retiring from the service of Mr. 
Stockert, Mr. Adelberger worked for various 
employers, and then engaged in business for 
himself. For one year he was in business on 
Webster street, and then removed to Mad 
River township; but in May, 1885, he returned 
to Dayton and opened a place of business on 
Xenia avenue, where he remained until his 

On April 28, 1870, he was married to Eliz- 
abeth Wassum, a native of Hesse-Darmstadt, 
Germany, who came to this country in May, 
1868. To them were born ten children, five 



of whom, all daughters, are still living. Mr. 
Adelberger was, and his family are, members 
of St. John's German Evangelical church, of 
which Mr. Adelberger was a trustee at his 
death, and of which he had formerly served as 
trustee for four years. He was also a member 
of the Odd Fellow fraternity, A. O. U. W. 
and of the order of Chosen Friends, besides 
several other beneficiary organizations. He 
was elected to the council of Dayton in June, 
1894, to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Kro- 
nauge, and in April, 1895, he was re-elected, 
his term to expire in 1897. 

In 1888 Mr. Adelberger paid a visit to his 
native country, remaining abroad three months 
with his relatives and friends. There his fa- 
ther and mother, three brothers and one sister 
are still living. Mr. Adelberger was one of the 
successful business men of Dayton, and his 
judgment in business, as well as in political 
matters, was frequently sought. 

Mr. Adelberger met with a sudden and mel- 
ancholy death August 18, 1896, by being 
thrown from a wagon, and his untimely end 
was sincerely mourned by all who knew him. 


■ been associated with the commercial 

/• 1 and laboring interests of Dayton, and 

for the past ten years has been a most 

efficient and useful member of the police force 

of the city. Capt. Allaback was born in the 

village of West Point, Morrow county, Ohio, 

November 15, 1857. The removal of his 

parents to Dayton brought him to this city, 

which has been his home for twenty years or 


His father, John Alfaback, is also a native 

of this state, and has done his part in life as a 

citizen and soldier. When the war of the 

Rebellion called out the brave men of the 

nation to her defense, he was among the first 

to respond. He enlisted in a company that 
went out from Galion early in the summer of 
1 86 1, served throughout the war, and was 
mustered out as captain of company K, 
Eighty-first regiment, Ohio volunteer infantry. 
After the return of peace, he returned to 
Galion, where he engaged in business as a 
contracting plasterer for several years, until 
his removal for a second time to this city, 
which has since continued to be his home. 
Despite his long and arduous services as a 
soldier, he is still active and vigorous, and car- 
ries on an extensive business. 

John N. Allaback remained with his father, 
working with him in his business, until he had 
reached the age of twenty-two years. At this 
time he also determined to try military life, 
and accordingly enlisted in Cincinnati, March 
26, 1879, in the cavalry service of the United 
States. His first assignment was to Jefferson 
barracks, where he made a stay of some two 
months, undergoing a preliminary drill and 
general training for the service. When thought 
ready for the field, he was assigned to the 
Second United States cavalry, troop M, with 
headquarters at Fort Custer, Mont. The 
first three years of his stay with the troopers 
were principally occupied in scouting and field 
service, many of the northwestern Indians 
being openly hostile. He participated in two 
engagements of proportions sufficient to war- 
rant them a place in history, one on the Milk 
river with the Sioux, and the other on the 
Rosebud with the Ogallas, both battle fields 
being in what is now the state of Montana. 
The Indians were active and aggressive, and 
the soldiery qualities of the Second were often 
severely tried. But it was a gallant company 
of brave men, and won a great reputation as 
Indian fighters. And our young soldier was 
well to the front in every time of danger. He 
won promotion from the ranks by his gallant 
behavior, was made corporal, and at the time 



of his discharge, March 26, 1884, was first 
duty sergeant of the troop. 

Ex-Cavalryman Allaback returned to Day- 
ton after leaving the service, and at once re- 
sumed the business he had put aside five years 
before. But the precision of his habits and 
the strength of his character, which he had 
gained from military life, were recognized, and 
he was called to the police department of the 
city, being appointed on the force June 16, 
1886, and in this service he is still engaged. 
As a police officer he has acted in almost every 
capacity, and wherever he has been assigned 
to duty he has acquitted himself with high 
credit. He has followed the line of promo- 
tion; was first roundsman, then sergeant, and 
his commission as police captain bears date 
March 8, 1893. Capt. Allaback was married, 
on September 16. 1884, to Miss Alice Francis, 
a native of Dayton. Her father, Amon 
Francis, has been for many years one of Day- 
ton's best millwrights. To this happy union 
there have been born three sons and one 
daughter: John Clifford, Wilbur Newton, 
Helen Catherine, and an infant, deceased. 
Capt. Allaback is a member of the Order of 
Foresters, and of the Police Benevolent asso- 
ciation. He is still a young man, but has 
already won an honorable place in the estima- 
tion of the community, to whose interests he 
has been faithful in a place of responsibility 
and trust. 

K^\ OBERT MORRIS ALLEN, who holds 

I /^ the position of joint weighmaster and 

P inspector of all railway lines centering 

in Dayton, is a native of this city, 

and was born March 30, 1847. His parents 

were Robert and Elizabeth (Simpson) Allen. 

The father came to Ohio from Pennsylvania in 

1 83 1, and at once located in this city, and 

here he lived until his death, which occurred 

in 1872, after he had passed his seventy-first 
birthday. During his youth he learned the 
cooper and stone-cutting trades, and after com- 
ing here he worked at the cooperage business 
until 1856. He was then appointed to the po- 
sition of city wood measurer, and, following 
that, was elected to the same office, which he 
continued to hold until the spring of 1864. 
From that time on he ceased active employ- 
ment. His wife was born in Dayton, and was 
the daughter of Moses and Eliza (Baker) 
Simpson. Her father and her grandfather 
(Aaron Baker) were early citizens of Dayton, 
and contributed not a little to the history of 
the growing town. They came from New Jer- 
sey, and found much delight in the soil and 
climate of southwestern Ohio. Robert and 
Elizabeth Allen became the parents of ten 
children, of whom three are now living, Rob- 
ert M. , and two younger sisters, of whom 
Sarah is the wife of William Sellman, of Day- 
ton, and Annie resides with her brother. 

Robert Morris Allen was reared in this city, 
attended its schools until he had reached the 
age of fourteen, when he felt called upon to 
care for himself, and began at that early age a 
business career that has been long and success- ( 
ful. His first employment was in the ware- 
house of Robert Chambers. Later he became 
a house and carriage-painter of acknowledged 
skill. In 1866 the railway service attracted 
him, and he became a brakeman on the 
old Dayton & Michigan railway. This po- 
sition he held until 1S71, when he received 
station work from the Atlantic & Great West- 
ern (now the N. Y., P. & O.). He entered 
the revenue service of the United States in 
September, 1885, and was first appointed as 
deputy collector in the Sixth Ohio district, 
making his headquarters at Dayton until the 
consolidation of this district and the First. He 
was then stationed at Cincinnati, where he re- 
mained for two years. He then came back to 



this city to take charge of the position of 
stamp deputy. This place Mr. Allen held un- 
til a change of national administration called 
for his resignation from the service, to give 
office to a republican. The railway officials 
were quick to recognize the value of his ready 
and accurate mind, and he was offered the 
the chief clerkship in the Dayton car service 
bureau. This he accepted and held until 
1892, when this bureau was consolidated with 
a similar organization at Cincinnati. Mr. Allen 
was then put in charge of the weighing and in- 
spection of all lines at Dayton, and here he is 
now engaged. He is also secretary of the 
Freight Agents' association and of the Dayton 
freight committee. 

As a citizen Mr. Allen has been both active 
and public spirited. He was first elected to 
the board of education in 1873, and, with the 
exception of three years, has held a contin- 
uous membership to the present time. For 
three years he was president of the board, and 
has always exerted great influence in the edu- 
cational affairs of the city. He was president 
of the board at the time the plans for the city 
library were perfected, and was instrumental 
in obtaining the consent of the city council to 
the location of the library building in the city 
park. He was on the board of education un- 
til about the time of the completion of the 
library, when the legislature passed a law 
creating a board of library trustees. Of this 
board he was made a member, with much 
unanimity of feeling, as a deserved tribute to 
a hard worker in the cause of public education. 
He was afterward returned to the board of 
education, and continues in both bodies. Mr. 
Allen is much engaged in fraternity work, and 
is a member of several of the leading brother- 
hoods of the city. He is a Mason, an Odd 
Fellow, a Knight of Honor, a member of the 
Order of Elks, and of the Chosen Friends, 
and is much esteemed in all these relations. 

^-j* AMES M. ALLAN, infirmary director of 

m Dayton and superintendent of the W. 

(• J P. Levis & Co. paper-mill, was born 

in Dayton, February 20, 1856, and is a 

son of John and Jessie (Cooper) Allan, natives 

of Kirkintilloch, Scotland. 

John Allan, the father, came to the United 
States in 1848, and at once settled in Dayton, 
Ohio, where he found work at his trade in the 
old McGregor paper-mill. He was a man of 
fine education, and for some years taught 
school in Montgomery county. In 1S51 Miss 
Jessie Cooper came to America and was mar- 
ried to Mr. Allan in the same year. She 
died in 1874, a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and on February 15, 1896, her hus- 
band, who was an attendant of the same 
church, also passed away in the seventy-second 
year of his age. Of their six children, four are 
still living, viz: Jennet, the wife of Samuel 
Lehman; James M., Thomas C. and Annie M., 
all residents of Dayton. 

James M. Allan attended the public schools 
of his native city until eleven years of age. 
On March 4, 1867, he was employed by the 
paper-making firm of W. P. Levis & Co., 
learned the trade, and by this firm he has ever 
since been retained, reaching his present re- 
sponsible position, by well-merited promotions, 
in September, 1892. At the April election of 
1896 he was elected, on the republican ticket, 
director of the city infirmary of Dayton, an of- 
fice also of great responsibility, and which he 
has filled to the approval of the public and 
with credit to himself. 

November 21, 1879, Mr. Allan was happily 
married to Miss Annie M. Shiftier, daughter of 
William and Elizabeth Shiftier, old residents of 
Dayton. To this union have been born four chil- 
dren — Charles E., William E., Jessie E., and 
Mabel E. In their religious connection Mrs. Al- 
lan and her eldest son are members of the Lu- 
theran church, while Mr. Allan is a Presbyterian. 



In his fraternal relations, he is a member of the 
Senior Order of American Mechanics and of 
the American Insurance Union. 

^y^V IUS P. ALTHOFF, senior member of 
"II the well known firm of P. P. Althoff 
& Son, coal dealers of Dayton, Ohio, 
was born in Emmittsburg, Md., De- 
cember 8, 1 82 1, of German parentage. Until 
1847 he worked at farming and lumbering in 
his native state. In 1849 he came overland 
by teams to Ohio and since that date has been 
a resident of Montgomery county. After mov- 
ing to Dayton he engaged in contracting, and 
building the narrow-gauge railroad, and was 
an excavating contractor for many years. In 
1884 he engaged in the coal trade at Dayton, 
which was discontinued during the absence of 
his son, Henry F., in the west, and resumed 
on his return. 

Mr. Althoff married, in Maryland, April 26, 
1846, Miss Kate Welty, a resident of Mary- 
land but a native of Karlsruhe, Germany, born 
June 20, 1 82 1. To this union were born eleven 
children, nine of whom are still living, viz: 
Mary, Henry F., Carrie, George, Kate, Charles, 
Emma, Rose and Lillie, — all married, except- 
ing Henry F., Carrie and Kate; the two de- 
ceased were named Harry and Willie. Mary 
is the wife of Redmond P. Sage, and lives in 
Dayton; George is a resident of Butte, Mont. ; 
Henry F. and Charles are in Dayton; Rose is 
married to Frank Saxteller, also of Dayton; 
Lillie, now Mrs. Arnold Greiner, resides in 
Miamisburg, Ohio. 

Although not a pioneer, Pius P. Althoff 
was an early settler in Montgomery county and 
came here a poor man. Of the sixteen com- 
panions who accompanied him over the Na- 
tional pike in 1849 but four are now living, 
while he and his wife have lived to celebrate 
their golden wedding, at which festival twenty- 

four children and grandchildren were present. 
Although now a solid citizen, the first year's 
experience in Montgomery county was, never- 
theless, discouraging — the prospect being only 
for hard work and poor compensation, while, 
to add to the troubles of Mr. and Mrs. Althoff, 
a child sickened and died, and serious thoughts 
were entertained of going back to Maryland. 
But Mr. Althoff had a strong will and an in- 
dustrious disposition, and after working on the 
railroad, as already mentioned, he began to 
buy wood in the timber and to haul it to town 
for the difference in price, which was very 
small; then worked on a farm for a year, saved 
his earnings and moved to Dayton. He next 
traded for a farm, on which the family lived for 
three years. He then exchanged his farm for 
city property, and engaged in contract work, 
as noted, and thus, by steady and persistent 
effort, he wrought out success and ultimate 

Mr. Althoff was reared in the faith of the 
Catholic church, and is to-day a devoted mem- 
ber of the Sacred Heart congregation of Day- 
ton, of which his wife and children are also 
members. He is, beside, a director of the 
Calvary cemetery. In politics he has been a 
life-long democrat, but has never been an 

The parents of Pius P. Althoff were Henry 
and Catherine (Diffendall) Althoff, natives of 
Germany, but who died in Maryland, aged re- 
spectively seventy-two and sixty-three years. 
They were the parents of nine children, viz: 
John, now over eighty years of age and a resi- 
dent of Houston, Tex. ; Ann, widow of Dr. 
Flatt, and residing in Reedsburg, Wis. ; Henry, 
a plasterer, who died in Hagerstown, Md., in 
his twenty-first year; Pius P.; Francis, a 
painter by trade, who died of a fever in Alton, 
111., where he was engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness; Ambrose, a retired mechanic, who lives 
near the foot of the Blue Ridge mountains, in 



Frederick county, Md. ; Aloysius, who is a 
mechanic of Dayton; and Felix, also of Day- 
ton, who is a painter and decorator, and an- 
other deceased. 

Henry F. Althoff, son of Pius P. Althoff, 
was born in Liberty, Ohio, August 29, 1850, 
and was educated in the district school. Until 
1882 he worked with his father and lived at 
home; then went west, but shortly afterward 
returned. March 17, 1884, he went to Mon- 
tana, worked at silver mining in the Parrott 
and Anaconda mines, then went to Idaho and 
worked in the Bunker Hill and Tiger mines; 
was for two years a cowboy, and in 1892 re- 
turned with his savings and engaged in busi- 
ness with his father, handling coal, wood, lime, 
cement, etc., and doing a prosperous trade. 
He is still unmarried and resides with his par- 
ents at No. 226 South Warren street, Dayton. 
In politics he is a democrat. 

'^'j'OSEPH W. ALLISON, manufacturer 
m of wood and metal patterns and mod- 
/• 1 els, at the corner of Third and Canal 
streets, Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
Shelby county June 4, 1836, and is a son of 
James C. and Jane (Graham) Allison, natives 
of Pennsylvania, and doubtless of Scotch- 
Irish descent. 

James C. Allison was in early life a shoe- 
maker, but later became a teamster, and in 
1853 came to Dayton with his family, and 
here his wife died in 1878, at the age of sev- 
enty-six years, and he in 1885, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-six years — both having 
lived in the faith of the New Light church. 
They were the parents of nine children, of 
whom three are now living in Dayton, one in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and one in Carlisle, Ohio. 

Joseph W. Allison was well educated in 
the public schools of his native county and in 
those of Dayton, and in his early manhood 

learned the trade of carriage making, at which 
he worked until his enlistment in October, 
1 86 1, in company G, Fourteenth Missouri 
volunteer infantry, in which he gallantly served 
until honorably discharged, in July, 1862, on 
account of disability. By advice of his phy- 
sicians he then relinquished carriage making 
and devoted his attention to pattern making, 
in which business he began, in a small way, in 
Dayton, but has made an increasing and 
deserved success. He is an expert, and em- 
ploys none but the bes t artists as his assist- 
ants, and has thus achieved a reputation sec- 
ond to that of no other designer in the state. 
In 1893 he associated his son with himself in 
the business, and assumed for the firm the 
style of the Allison Pattern works, under 
which name it has since greatly prospered. 
Mr. Allison is also a director in the West Side 
Building & Loan assocciation, and is a mem- 
ber of the Hiram Strong post, No. 79, G. A. 
R. Politically he is a republican, and has 
served two terms in the Dayton city council, 
being for one year its president. 

The marriage of Mr. Allison took place 
May 12, 1859, with Miss Isabella Kiler, a na- 
tive of Dayton and a daughter of Daniel W. 
Kiler. This union was blessed with three 
children, viz: Charles L. , now a pattern- 
maker, with Stilwell, Bierce & Co., and mar- 
ried to Cora Romaine; Daniel K., who is his 
father's partner in business and is married to 
Miss May E. Bryce, daughter of S. T. Bryce; 
Russell W., patternmaker, in the employ of 
the Buckeye Iron & Brass works, and married 
to Miss Jennie Atchison, The mother of this 
family became somewhat frail in health in 
1893-94, an d was taken by her husband on a 
tour through the west, and passed several 
months in California, Mexico, etc., but in May, 
1895, sne died in Dayton, a member of the 
Disciples' church, of which, for thirty years, 
Mr. Allison has also been an active member. 



Of their descendants, five grandchildren are 
now living and one deceased. 

Daniel K. Allison, second son of Joseph 
W. and Isabella (Kiler) Allison, and now asso- 
ciated with his father in business, received his 
preliminary education in the public schools, 
and later attended Bethany college; he then 
read law with Hon. Samuel Craighead, was 
admitted to practice March iS, 1888, but fol- 
lowed his profession for twelve months only, 
preferring to devote his attention to mechan- 
ical industries. 

Joseph W. Allison is one of Dayton's reli- 
able business men and has always kept in view 
the material progress of the city, contributing 
freely to all projects designed for the promo- 
tion of the public good. He was for ten years 
at the head of the pattern department of the 
Dayton Malleable Iron works and one year 
with the Farmers' Friend Manufacturing 

>VOHN AMAN, a prominent citizen of 
M Dayton, was born in Koenigheim, in 
A J the grand duchy of Baden, German, 
October 16, 1 836, and is a son of Frank 
and Sophia Aman, both natives of Germany. 
Emigrating to the United States the family 
landed at Baltimore, Md., October 4, 1852, 
going from there to Washington, D. C, where 
they located permanently, and where Frank 
Aman followed his trade, that of tailor, until 
the time of his death, which occurred in 1855. 
Mrs. Aman died there in 1865, and both are 
buried in Washington. They were the par- 
ents of four children, as follows: Andrew, 
now a resident of Hyattsville, Prince George's 
county, Md., and who has been in the railroad 
service for more than forty years; Martin, who 
was accidently shot at Wabash, Ind., in 1861, 
died from the effects of the wound and is 
buried in Dayton; John, the subject of this 

sketch, and Sebastian, who was a well-known 
restaurant keeper of Washington, and died 
February 20, 1895. 

John Aman received most of his education 
in his native town in Baden, but attended 
night school during one winter in Dayton. 
While in Washington he learned the cabinet- 
maker's trade, working for one employer for 
five consecutive years. In 1857 he removed 
to Dayton, and there entered the service of the 
Dutton Agricultural works, and after six 
months' employment in connection with this 
firm, became an employe of the Barney & 
Smith Manufacturing company. In 185S he 
went to Richmond, Ind., where during the 
summer of that year he worked at house car- 
pentering. In December, 1858, he was mar- 
ried to Mary Goellner, who was born in Ba- 
varia, Germany, the marriage taking place in 
Dayton. After spending the succeeding winter 
in Richmond he returned to Dayton- and re- 
sumed his position in the car works of Barney 
& Smith, remaining with them until Novem- 
ber, 1 88 1, and having been foreman during 
the last nine years of his service there. 

In 1882 he purchased a lot on the corner of 
Johnston and Perrine streets, and built his 
present place of business, where he has ever 
since carried on business as a retail grocer. 
Politically Mr. Aman has always been a strong 
democrat and as such has been both active 
and prominent in city politics for many years. 
In 1S67 he was elected to the city council 
from the Sixth ward, and served two years. 
In 1870 he was elected to the board of educa- 
tion from the Eleventh ward, the boundaries 
having been so changed as to throw his resi- 
dence into this ward. In 1872 he was re- 
elected to that office for a second term of two 
years. In 1882 he was elected assessor of the 
Eleventh ward, serving one year. In 1885 he 
was elected from the Seventh ward to the city 
board of education, and was twice re-elected. 



thus serving six years consecutively at this 
time, or ten years in all. In 1890 he was 
elected infirmary director and was re-elected 
in 1893. In all of these offices Mr. Aman has 
proved himself efficient and alive to duty, la- 
boring for the good of those whom he repre- 
sented, rather for his own aggrandizement. 

To the marriage of Mr. Aman and his wife 
there have been born eight children, as fol- 
lows: Annie, wife of Joseph Unger, of Day- 
ton; Carrie, wife of Dennis J. Madden, of 
Dayton; Louisa, widow, of William Roney; 
John, Jr., cornice worker of Dayton; Emma, 
wife of William Staffen, of Dayton; Josephine, 
wife of Eugene Chapin, of Dayton; William, 
an employee. of the National Cash Register 
company, of Dayton, and Charles, also with 
the Cash Register company. Mr. Aman is a 
member of Humboldt lodge, No. 58, Knights 
of Pythias, and of Dayton lodge, A. O. U. W. 
He was one of the charter members of the 
Baden society of Dayton, and in all of these 
societies is not only in good standing but is a 
man of usefulness and influence. He was sec- 
retary of the Miami, the Union and the Mont- 
gomery Building & Loan Associations, all of 
which have now gone out of existence through 
the terms of their organization. 

^yy»ILLIAM J. AMBROSE is the man- 

M m ager for the C. F. Adams company, 

VJLyJ ni Dayton, dealers, on the install- 
ment plan, in household goods. He 
was born in Urbana, Ohio, May II, 1852, and 
is a son of William M. and Susan (McCandless) 

William M. Ambrose was born in Berks 
county, Pa., of German descent, and although 
reared on a farm, was in his early manhood 
engaged in merchant-tailoring and in mercan- 
tile business. He first married Susan McCand- 
less, who became the mother of five children, 

viz: William J. ; Flora, wife of C. A. Meek, of 
Davenport, Iowa; Walter, deceased; Charles, 
a traveling salesman for the Simmons Hard- 
ware company, of Saint Louis, Mo., and re- 
siding in Lincoln, Neb.; and Edward C. , a 
traveling salesman of Oakland, Cal. The 
mother of these children was called away in 
1861, at the early age of twenty-seven years, 
and the father, who is now farming east of 
Urbana, was again married, and became by 
this second union the father of three children, 
viz: Nettie, Judson W. and one that died un- 

William J. Ambrose, after passing through 
the public schools, for two terms attended the 
Swedenborg college at Urbana. At the age of 
seventeen years he began learning the carpen- 
ter's trade, and came to Dayton in 1871, when 
he accepted a position as salesman for the C. 
F. Adams company, and for six months acted 
as such in the Dayton store; he was then sent 
to Springfield. Ohio, as manager of the com- 
pany's establishment in that city, where he was 
so efficient that the company, at the end of six 
months, recalled him to Dayton, which afforded 
a broader field for the exercise of his superior 
executive ability, and in his present position 
he has ever since been employed, widening 
and broadening the trade of the Adams com- 
pany from year to year. Mr. Ambrose now 
employs in the Dayton establishment from fif- 
teen to twenty salespeople. 

In politics Mr. Ambrose is a republican. 
In fraternal matters he united with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows in' 1774, has 
passed all the chairs of the subordinate lodge, 
is a member of the Gem City encampment, 
was one of the charter members of the Gem 
City lodge, and is, beside, secretary of the 
Montgomery County Aid association of I. O. 
O. F. He is a charter member of Crown 
council, No. 35, Junior O. U. A. M., also of 
Mayflower council, No. 33, O. U. A. M. 



Mr. Ambrose was married December 4, 
1874, to Miss Elnicia G. Fitch, a native of 
Newberry, Ohio, and to this union have been 
born three children, Annabel, Bernice V. and 
Estella G. The eldest daughter, Annabel, is 
an accomplished vocalist, and is now the lead- 
ing soprano in Saint Paul's Methodist church, 
is a member of the Philharmonic society, and 
also of the East End Choral society. The 
family are all members of Saint Paul's Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, Mr. Ambrose being a 
class leader and superintendent of the Sunday- 
school, and taking an active part in both 
church and Sunday-school work. 


I /^ chaplain of Central Branch National 
P Home for Disabled Volunteer Sol- 
diers, at Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
Wallhausen, Prussia, July 6, 1851, a son of 
John and Catherine Kemper, the former of 
whom died in Prussia and the latter is now a 
resident of Dayton, in her eighty-fourth year. 
At the age of eight years Charles S. Kemper 
was brought to America by his mother, passed 
two years in school in Philadelphia, Pa., and 
at ten years of age was brought to Dayton. 
At thirteen years he went Bardstown, Ky., 
and passed two years in Saint Thomas' college; 
from there he went to Mount Saint Mary's 
seminary, in Cincinnati, where he remained 
for five years. He then went to Europe and 
studied theology three years at Innspruck, 
Austrian Tyrol, following this with one year's 
study in the German-Hungarian college in 
Rome, Italy, where he received the degree of 
doctor of divinity. In September, 1875, Dr. 
Kemper returned to America, and for two 
years was instructor in classics at Mount Saint 
Mary's, Cincinnati, and then took charge of 
the parish at Greenville, Ohio. In May, 1880, 
he was appointed Catholic chaplain of the 

Central branch, as noted above, where his 
duties are similar to those in parish work, 
except that there is greater demand for his 
presence with the sick and dying. 

Father Kemper has been a priest of vast 
usefulness among the soldiers of the Central 
Branch, and is honored and revered by all 
with whom he comes in contact, regardless of 
religious faith. Of the 5,000 or more inmates 
of the home nearly one-third are of Catholic 
creed, and their spiritual care is found to be 
no easy task. 

Father Kemper has two brothers and three 
sisters, all in America. Of these, Philip A. 
Kemper is a wholesale merchant and importer, 
of Dayton ; Jacob is a merchant in Philadel- 
phia ; one of the sisters is wedded to a Mr. 
Rotterman, and the remaining two are still 

aHARLES ANDERTON, Sr., sheriff 
of Montgomery county, and a well- 
known and honored citizen of Day- 
ton, was born in this city on October 
1 1, 1844, and is the son of James and Frances 
(Wilbey) Anderton. The parents were natives 
of England, and came to the United States 
early in life. They were among the old and 
well-known people of Dayton. The death of 
the father occurred in 1850, and that of the 
mother in 1890. Sheriff Anderton obtained 
his education in the Dayton public schools, 
and early entered upon the practical duties of 
life, beginning as a clerk in a city store. In 
April, 1862, he began business for himself by 
opening a fruit store in Dayton, but in August 
of the same year he enlisted in company A, 
Ninety-third Ohio volunteer regiment, with 
which he served until May 17, 1865, when he 
was mustered out of the service by general or- 
der of the war department. At the battle of 
Missionary Ridge he was wounded, and at 

^wu L W*.^. 



Dandridge, Term., he was again wounded, on 
January 17, 1864. Returning to his home in 
Dayton, after having been honorably dis- 
charged from the service, Mr. Anderton bought 
a news stand located in the old Post Office 
building, then at the corner of Third and Jef- 
ferson streets, now occupied by the Third 
National Bank, and continued in business un- 
til 1893. In November, 1894, he received 
the nomination for sheriff of Montgomery 
county at the hands of the republican party, 
and was elected by a handsome majority, and 
in 1896 he was re-nominated and re-elected 
by an increased majority, being the first repub- 
lican sheriff who has succeeded himself in 
Montgomery county since i860. For five 
years Sheriff Anderton served as a member of 
the city board of equalization. For years he 
has been an active and prominent member of 
the republican party, and served during one 
campaign as chairman of the county central 
committee. Mr. Anderton is a member of the 
I. O. O. F., K. of P., G. A. R., Union Vet- 
eran Legion, Legion of Honor, and the A. E. 
O. He was married in April, 1867, to Miss 
Lucy Henderson, who was born in Dayton, 
and is a daughter of -the late Ebenezer Hen- 
derson, once sheriff of Montgomery county. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Anderton two children have 
been born, only one of whom — Charles, Jr. — 
is still living. The one deceased was Emma, 
who died in May, 1891, aged nineteen years. 

is to be classified as one of the repre- 
sentative business men of the city of 
Dayton, being a member of the pho- 
tographic firm of Anderson & Hartshorn. He 
is an artist of much technical skill and dis- 
criminating taste, having made a thorough and 
systematic study of photography in all its 

A son of Benjamin Dickey Anderson and 
Sarah (Forsman) Anderson, our subject was 
born in Xenia, Greene county, Ohio, on the 
16th of June, 1855, tracing his lineage through 
Scotch, Irish and English strains. The father 
also was a native of the Buckeye state, hav- 
ing been born in Adams county. He became 
well known throughout the state as a breeder 
and driver of fine standard-bred track horses, 
and was a man of inflexible honor and marked 
individuality. He was an active member of 
the United Presbyterian church of Xenia, and 
for many years acted as chorister of the same. 
He was possessed of exceptional musical abil- 
ity, and in his early manhood had devoted his 
attention for some time to the teaching of vo- 
cal music. He lived a long and useful life, 
secure in the esteem and confidence of his fel- 
low-men, and his death occurred in 1883, at 
which time he had attained the venerable age 
of seventy-one years. He had been twice 
married, and the one child of the first union is 
now deceased. By his marriage to Sarah 
Forsman he became the father of four chil- 
dren: James W., who is a traveling sales- 
man, living in Dayton; Charles F.; Ella, the 
wife of Charles Bigelow, of Boston, Mass; and 
Carrie, wife of Henry Henderson, of Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

Charles F. Anderson passed his youthful 
years in Xenia, securing his education in the 
public schools of that city and remaining at 
the parental home until he had attained his 
majority. In the year 1878 he came to Day- 
ton for the purpose of devoting himself to the 
study of crayon portraiture and photography, 
for which he had a natural inclination. He 
continued his technical study with interest and 
careful application for some three years, at the 
expiration of which time he had become a capa- 
ble artist. He first went to Indianapolis, Ind. , 
where he opened a studio for the execution of 
crayon work, continuing there for nearly two 



years, after which he returned to Dayton and 
entered the establishment of Appleton & Hol- 
linger, photographers, where he acted in the 
capacity of crayon artist and finisher of photo- 
graphic work. He remained in the employ of 
this firm for several years, and then engaged 
in business on his own responsibility by open- 
ing a studio on the corner of Fifth and Wayne 
streets, conducting the same successfully for a 
period of nearly two years. He was then 
offered such inducements that he entered the 
studio of Hollinger as crayon artist and fin- 
isher, also spending considerable time in out- 
door photographic work. In February, 1894, 
he formed his present partnership with Mr. 
Hartshorn. The establishment has acquired 
particular prestige in the line of crayon and 
pastel portraits, this work being executed by 
Mr. Anderson, who has established an excel- 
lent reputation as a free-hand artist. Our 
subject is progressive in his methods and aims 
to take advantage of every new discovery and 
accessory which will facilitate the production 
of high-class work and insure satisfaction to 
patrons. He is a member of the State Photog- 
rapher's association, in whose work he main- 
tains much interest. In his political faith he 
renders allegiance to the republican party. 

On the 14th of November, 1881, Mr. An- 
derson was united in marriage with Miss Lizzie 
Hamill, daughter of Capt. Joseph and Leah C. 
Hamill, honored residents of Dayton. Mr. 
and Mrs. Anderson are the parents of one 
child, Gaylord. They are consistent members 
of the United Presbyterian church, of which 
Mr. Anderson is a member of the board of 
trustees, and also renders effective service as a 
member of the choir. At the attractive family 
home, 322 Jones street, a cordial welcome is 
always assured to the large coterie of friends 
whom Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have drawn 
about them, and both are held in the highest 
esteem in the community. 

^"VMLAS S. AUGHE (deceased), for- 
•\^^kT merly the leading plow manufacturer 

K^_J °f Dayton, was born in Miamisburg, 
Montgomery county, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 17, 1831, a son of William and Catherine 
(Tafflemire) Aughe. 

William Aughe, his father, was a native of 
Rockingham county, Va. , born November 20, 
1794, and at the age of two or three years was 
brought to Ohio by his parents, Jacob and 
Lydia (Jeffers) Aughe, who settled in Warren 
county. Jacob Aughe was a millwright in Vir- 
ginia, and at one time owned a mill on the site 
of the famous battle field of Bull Run. The 
family was of combined German and English 
stock, and was one of the foremost in the Old 
Dominion. Jacob Aughe was the pioneer miller 
on the Hocking river, where he first built a 
small corn-cracker at the falls, near Logan, 
1796, then moved to Springboro, near Clear 
Creek, in Warren county, later to the site of 
what is now known as Vandere's mill, where 
he erected the first mill between Cincinnati 
and Piqua, and finally returned to Springboro, 
where he ended his days, the father of eleven 
children, all of whom reached maturity. 
William Aughe was a brickmaker and followed 
this business chiefly in Warren and Mont- 
gomery counties. He was a man of domestic 
habits, was honest and industrious, and for 
some years lived in Miamisburg, but finally 
moved to Carrollton, where he died at the age 
of eighty-six years, in the faith of the Method- 
ist church. To his marriage were born seven 
children, viz. : Hiram, an edge-tool maker, 
who died in Dayton at the age of forty-five 
years; Susannah, deceased wife of John Yea- 
zell, a farmer; Jefferson, who died in 1871, 
aged forty-nine years; William, a blacksmith 
by trade and superintendent of a railroad 
shop in Logansport, Ind. ; Silas S. ; Mary J., 
who died in infancy, and Samantha, deceased 
wife of Andrew Clark, a farmer of Darke 



county. Jefferson Aughe, mentioned above, 
was a blacksmith and general forger, and about 
1852 or 1853 invented the Aughe plow, in the 
manufacture of which he was engaged at the 
time of his death. 

Mrs. Catherine (Tafflemire) Aughe was a 
native of Canada, although her parents were 
born in Virginia, whence they moved to Ken- 
tucky and located near Boonsboro. There 
Mr and Mrs. Tafflemire were captured by In- 
dians during a raid and carried off to Canada, 
where the husband and wife were separated. 
Some little while afterward the husband made 
his escape, and in revenge the wife was made 
to "run the gantlet," in which cruel proceed- 
ing she was unmercifully clubbed, had her col- 
lar-bone broken, and sustained other severe 
injuries. She recovered, however, and shortly 
afterward her husband, assisted by two others, 
effected her rescue. The couple then settled 
in Canada, where the husband worked as a 
miller and ship-carpenter until his death, the 
wife also dying in that country. 

Silas S. Aughe, after receiving a good pub- 
lic-school education, learned the trade of black- 
smithing and plowshare forging under his 
brother Jefferson, and, about 1866, was made 
foreman of his brother's works. He was later 
made a sharer in the profits of the business 
and given the superintendence 7 , and this posi- 
tion he held until his brother's death (in 1871), 
when a Mr. Parrott bought the plant, retain- 
ing Silas S. Aughe in his former capacity and 
on the same terms. This arrangement con- 
tinued until 1885, when the Cast Steel Plow 
company was organized, in which company 
Mr. Aughe held a controlling interest. Upon 
the original plow Mr. Aughe made a number 
of improvements and secured patents for at- 
tachments not only to this particular plow, but 
to plows of other makes, to which these attach- 
ments are valuable adjuncts. 

Mr. Aughe was united in marriage, in Day- 

ton, February 14, 1856, with Miss Mary 
Kittinger, a native of Lancaster, Pa. , and 
a daughter of Samuel and Lucy Kittinger. 
To this union were born two children, ziz: 
John, who is in the employ of the Dayton 
Fan & Motor company, and Laurina, de- 
ceased. Mr. Aughe possessed a deep and re- 
flective mind, and was an active and ener- 
getic business man. He was thoroughly prac- 
tical in all things, and as a business man had 
but few superiors in the city of Dayton. His 
death occurred February 8, 1897. 

kJ^\ ENJAMIN F. ARNOLD, contractor, 
If^ builder and manufacturer, of Dayton, 
J^9 Ohio, was born in Montgomery county, 
Ohio, November 14, 1842. Heisason 
of John W. and Eliza J. (Kelly) Arnold, the for- 
mer a native of Pennsylvania, and the latter of 
Ohio. They were the parents of seven children, 
all still living, as follows: Mary, widow of Jacob 
Arnold; Lizzie; Benjamin F. ; Sarah, widow of 
John Frederick; Rebecca, wife of Alsup Dann; 
John D., and Clara, wife of Edwin Fair. 

John W. Arnold, the father of this family, 
was a farmer by occupation, and came to Ohio 
in 1833, locating in Dayton. He followed 
farming near Dayton until 1S65, in the mean- 
time serving as the first superintendent of the 
poor house, when its only building was con- 
structed of logs. His death occurred when he 
was fifty-nine years of age. Two years later 
his wife died. Both were members of the 
United Brethren church. Mr. Arnold was a 
soldier in the late Civil war, as a member of 
company G, Sixty-ninth Ohio volunteer in- 
fantry. The father of John W. Arnold was a 
native of Pennsylvania, but was of English and 
Welsh descent. He was married twice and 
was the father of thirteen children, was a 
farmer by occupation and lived to be a very 



old man. The maternal grandfather of Ben- 
jamin F. Arnold was a native of Virginia. 

Benjamin F. Arnold was reared on the 
farm near Dayton until he was fourteen years 
of age, receiving his early education in the 
public schools. At that time his parents re- 
moved to Dayton, and he then began learning 
the carpenter's trade, and for some time was a 
journeyman carpenter, until 1868. During 
the late Civil war he enlisted in company C, 
Thirty-fifth Ohio volunteer infantry, at Hamil- 
ton, Ohio, and served eighteen months. Re- 
turning to Dayton he enlisted in the Fourth 
Ohio cavalry, in which he served nearly nine 
months. The battles in which he took part 
were those of Mill Springs, Ky. ; Pittsburg 
Landing, and Perryville, and a number of 
minor engagements and skirmishes. After the 
war he returned to Dayton and worked at his 
trade until 1868, when he began to do contract 
work on his own account, and has continued 
thus engaged ever since. He erected several 
of the buildings at the soldiers' home, the 
Western engine house, and also a large num- 
ber of residences in Dayton. For the last ten 
years he has manufactured the Ladies' Friend 
washing machine, and in the busy season gives 
employment to quite a number of men. 

On January 6, 1869, Mr. Arnold was mar- 
ried to Miss Julia A. Powell, daughter of Jos- 
eph and Mary E. (May) Powell. To this mar- 
riage have been born eight children, five sons 
and three daughters. Those living are as fol- 
lows: Stella M., Irving P., Joseph J., Jessie, 
Clayton, Carroll and Lula. Stella M. married 
Luther Rumbarger, by whom she has one 
child, Arnold Rumbarger. Irving P. married 
Lulu Hines, by whom he has two children; 
Joseph J. married Josie Belle Fisher. 

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold are members of the 
Baptist church, Mr. Arnold having been a dea- 
con in his church for several years. He is a 
member of Armstrong post, No. 79, G. A. R., 

and of the Junior Order of American Mechanics. 
As a republican he was elected to the Dayton 
board of education, and served one term. 
Having lived in Montgomery county and Day- 
ton for more than half a century, he is well- 
known throughout the country as a good work- 
man, as a capable and successful business 
man, and as a useful citizen. 

BOX COMPANY, whose thoroughly 
equipped establishment is located at 
Nos. 220 to 224 West Fifth street, 
Dayton, Ohio, is to be numbered among the 
progressive and important manufacturing con- 
cerns of the city. In the year 1882 the busi- 
ness had its inception, F. N. Aull having at 
that time begun operations upon a very small 
scale, buying his stock in limited quantities 
and selling the goods from a wagon. This he 
he continued for one year, after which the 
business was conducted under the firm title of 
W. J. Aull & Brother. They secured a small 
stock of goods, and their method of working 
was to go out and personally secure orders and 
then return to their headquarters and fill the 
same. Their establishment was located on 
Hanna's alley, between Jefferson and St. Clair 
streets, and these quarters were retained for 
about four years, when the growing demands 
made upon the firm rendered it essential 
that they secure accommodations of a better 
order. Accordingly they removed to No. 39 
East Second street, and eventually found use 
for the adjoining store, No. 37. Upon the 
erection of the M. J. Gibbons building, 136 
East Second street, they took possession of it, 
the building having been designed and built 
particularly for their use. Here, under the 
firm name of Aull Brothers Paper Company, 
they continued operations for five years, when 
again there arose the necessity for more com- 



modious quarters, and they then prepared for 
the erection of a building of their own and one 
which should offer all the conveniences essen- 
tial to carrying on with the greatest facility the 
details of the now very extensive business. 
This building was completed in due time and 
the firm took possession of the same in Janu- 
ary, 1895. The structure is of brick, is 50X 
125 feet in dimensions, five stories in height 
and of approved modern architectural design. 
Special shipping facilities are secured through 
the provision of a side-track connecting di- 
rectly with the establishment. When operat- 
ing to full capacity, the manufactory affords 
employment to a corps of 150 persons, the 
output comprising folding and made-up paper 
boxes of all kinds, paper pails for ice cream, 
oysters, berries, etc., together with paper bags 
of all sizes. The business is continued as a 
wholesale jobbing enterprise, and the products 
of the establishment find sale in the most di- 
verse sections of the Union. 

In March, 1895, the senior member of the 
firm, W. J. Aull, started on a trip south, by 
river, for the improvement of his health, taking 
passage on the steamer "Longfellow," which 
encountered a fog at Cincinnati on the 7th of 
March, resulting in a most painful fatality, 
since the boat went down with all on board, 
Mr. Aull and his wife both being drowned. 
He was but thirty-eight years of age, and his 
untimely death by so pitiable an accident 
caused the deepest sorrow to all who had 
known him in either a business or social 
way. After his death the business in which he 
he had been so conspicuously concerned was 
reorganized and incorporated, with officers as 
follows: F. N. Aull, president; J. W. Aull, 
secretary, and A. H. Baer, treasurer, the enter- 
prise being capitalized for $75,000. 

The Aull family have been continuously res- 
idents of Dayton for more than thirty years, 
the family having come to this place in 1840, 

subsequently removing to Bloomington, 111., 
where he remained until 1865, when he again 
returned with his family to Dayton, where they 
have ever since maintained their abode. 

The venerable father is still living, having 
attained the age of seventy-two years. He 
left Dayton in 1895 Ior tne purpose of making 
his home with his daughter, who resides on 
Lookout Mountain. He had been prominently 
engaged in the hotel business for many years, 
and had a wide circle of acquaintances, among 
whom he was singularly popular. He has been 
a stalwart democrat all his life and an active 
worker in the party ranks. He is a native of 
Hesse-Cassel, Germany, whence he came to 
America when a lad of ten years. Upon at- 
taining his majority he was united in marriage 
to Miss Julia Gigler, a native of Hagerstown. 
Her death occurred January 8, 1891. They 
became the parents of ten children, two of 
whom, Edward and Elizabeth, died in infancy. 
Of the others, Louisa is the widow of John 
Weston, of Dayton; Catherine is the wife of 
W. F. Heath, of Ottawa, 111. ; Eva is the wife 
of Colonel H. F. Collins, of Dayton; William 
J. is deceased; Emma is the wife of O. L. 
Hurlburt, of Lookout Mountain, Tenn. ; Frank 
N. is president of the Aull Brothers Paper & 
Box company; John W. is a member of the 
same company; Julia is the wife of T. V. Meyer, 
of Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Frank N. Aull was born August 27, 1862, 
at Bloomington, 111. He was educated in the 
public schools and at fourteen years of age be- 
came identified with the line of industry with 
which he is still concerned. He has developed 
a marked business sagacity and executive abil- 
ity, is known as one of the most capable young 
business men of Dayton, and is a member of 
the board of trade. His marriage to Miss 
Ella Wetzel was celebrated October 2, 1889, 
and they have three children — Charles F. , 
Harold W. and Edgar C. The family home is 



located at 313 Superior avenue, and both Mr. 
and Mrs. Aull are members of Grace Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. 

John W. Aull, secretary of the company, 
is a native of Dayton, where he was born on 
the 27th of March, 1866. He received a 
common-school education, and at the age of 
fourteen years became associated with the 
practical duties of life, becoming then con- 
cerned in the paper business with R. A. Rog- 
ers, with whom he continued to be associated 
until 1885, when he became traveling sales- 
man for the Aull Brothers' establishment, be- 
coming a member of the firm in 1890. In 
1892 he gave up work as traveling representa- 
tive and assumed charge of the manufacturing 
department of the business, becoming secre- 
tary at the time of its incorporation. His 
standing in commercial circles is on a parity 
with that of his brother, and both are unmis- 
takably popular by reason of their correct and 
honorable methods and sterling personal at- 
tributes. In his fraternal relations Mr. Aull is 
a member of the Benevolent & Protective 
Order of Elks, in, whose affairs he has an abid- 
ing interest. 

On the 3d of June, 1891, John W. Aull 
was united in marriage to Miss Mamie Harries, 
daughter of John Harries, a well-known resi- 
dent of Dayton. They reside at No. 217 
North Jefferson street. 

intendent of streets of Dayton, was 
born April 3, 1852, in this city, where 
he has always resided. He is a son of 
Washington and Lucy (Stuckmier) Backus, 
both of German extraction. 

Washington Backus was a native of Con- 
necticut and possessed a large measure of 
Yankee thrift and energy, which he devoted to 
commerce, spending his life in mercantile pur- 

suits. He was a large dealer in notions, doing 
a wholesale and retail business which made his 
name widely known. He died when his son 
Thadeus Joseph was but four years old, leav- 
ing a widow, this son and two daughters, who 
are now Mrs. Susanna Lachelle, residing in 
Denver, Colo., and Mrs. Emma Houser, of 
this city. The widow afterward married Will- 
iam E. Martin, now of Springfield, Ohio, who 
brought into the household his son by a former 
marriage, William A., who is the superintend- 
ent of the Farm and Fireside, a literary and 
household journal published at Springfield. To 
the union of Mr. Martin and Mrs. Backus 
were born three children: George, who is now 
a druggist at Miami City; Levi, who is super- 
intendent of the Barb Wire Fence Manu- 
facturing company, at Lawrence, Kan., and 
Jennie, who resides at Dayton. The mother 
died at her home in Dayton in 1873. 

Mr. Backus early learned the business of 
making galvanized-iron cornice and slate roof- 
ing, which he successfully followed for about 
twenty years. His methods attracted the at- 
tention and commanded the respect and confi- 
dence of the people, and in 1893 he was 
appointed, by the board of city affairs, to his 
present position of responsibility and trust, 
the duties of which office he is performing in 
an eminently satisfactory manner. The varied 
and important character of these duties ren- 
ders his position far other than a sinecure, 
and, with the construction of sewers, the 
cleaning of streets and destruction of garbage, 
Mr. Backus is kept a very busy man. 

On the 7th of June, 1877, Mr. Backus was 
united in marriage to Miss Katie C. Barnes, a 
native of Dayton, and daughter of Lawrence 
and Margaret Barnes, the former now deceased. 
Of a family of five children Mrs. Backus is the 
eldest. The other children are: Robert, the 
proprietor of a box factory in Dayton; Mary, 
wife of Joseph Ferneding, one of Dayton's 



shoe merchants; Maggie, who resides with her 
mother in this city; and Julia, the wife of 
Joseph L. Sacksteder, of Dayton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Backus have a family of seven 
children, all of whom live with their parents. 
They are: May, Lulu, William, George, Julia, 
Charles and Christopher. Miss May is a sten- 
ographer and typewriter, employed in the pen- 
sion department at the National Military Home, 
Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. The other chil- 
dren are still in school. 

Politically, Mr. Backus is a democrat and 
stands high among the local counselors of his 
party. He was reared in the Presbyterian 
church, and is a member of the order of 
Knights of Pythias and of the B. P. O. Elks. 
Mrs. Backus is an adherent of the Roman 
Catholic faith, and is a member of the Church 
of the Sacred Heart. 

>^ESSE H. BATES, one of the old and 
A highly respected citizens of Dayton, 
/» 1 was born January 6, 1834, ten miles 
south of Lebanon, Warren county, 
Ohio, a son of Acel C. and Meca (Bobo) Bates, 
who, about 18 12, came to Ohio from Con- 
necticut and Virginia respectively. The father 
was a carpenter b}' trade, and later an auction- 
eer at Cincinnati, but, when Jesse was born, 
was keeping hotel in Warren county. 

Jesse H. Bates was the seventh born in a 
family of ten children, was reared in Warren 
county, and at the age of eighteen years began 
to study bridge building. In due time he as- 
sisted in constructing the bridges on the Day- 
ton & Richmond and Indiana Central railroads, 
and followed the trade for several years there- 
after. In 1858 he came to Montgomery 
county, located at Germantown, and purchased 
a hack line running from Germantown to Car- 
lisle Station, which he ran for one year, and 
then for a time conducted a livery barn and 

traded in horses. In 1866 he came to Dayton, 
Ohio, and was first engaged as foreman by D. 
H. Morrison, a prominent bridge builder, and 
later, for twelve years, was employed on the 
Pan Handle railroad as foreman of the bridge 
department, since when he has practically 
lived a retired life. 

Jesse H. Bates was married in German- 
town, Montgomery county, in 1858, to Miss 
Melazina Schaeffer, daughter of Michael N. and 
Mary (Katron) Schaeffer, the union result- 
ing in the birth of four children, in the follow- 
ing order: Mollie, wife of DeWitt C. Arnold, 
shoe dealer of Dayton; Oliver E., the popular 
caterer of Dayton, of whom fuller mention will 
be made in a later paragraph; Harriet B. and 
J. Stewart. Mr. and Mrs. Bates are members 
of the Third street Presbyterian church, and 
in politics Mr. Bates is a stanch republican. 
They have their residence at No. 341 West 
Fourth street, where their hospitable doors are 
always open to the visits of a large number of 
sincere friends. 

Oliver E. Bates, son of Jesse H. and Mela- 
zina (Schaeffer) Bates, was born in Montgom- 
ery county, Ohio, March 30, 1862, and was 
but five years of age when his parents came to 
reside in Dayton. He was educated in the 
public schools of the city, and at the age of 
twenty-two years entered the employ of Lowe 
Bros, as assistant bookkeeper, and later be- 
came a traveling salesman for the same firm, 
having charge of their artists' material depart- 
ment. He remained with this firm for five 
years, and then traveled for a short time for a 
Chicago firm in the same business. Returning 
to Dayton, he was for two years in the employ 
of the Globe Iron works as shipping and cor- 
responding clerk, and in 1889 embarked in a 
bakery business on his own account, at No. 
524 East Fifth street, confining himself to 
bread and cake baking. In 189 1 he purchased 
his present business, succeeding F. J. Holden, 



at No. 14 North Main street. Here he caters 
to the best social circles of the city, manufac- 
turing all his confectionery and ice cream, of 
which he makes a specialty. His parlors are 
complete and inviting in every respect, and 
the attendance perfect. 

Mr. Bates is a member of Dayton lodge, 
No. 147, F. & A. M., in which he has passed 
all the chairs; is also a member of Unity chap- 
ter, No. 16; Reese council, No. 9; Reedcom- 
mandery, No. 6; Gabriel grand lodge of Per- 
fection; Miami grand council; Dayton grand 
chapter, and Rose Croix, Cincinnati consist- 
ory; he was also a charter member of the 
Vingt-et-un club of Dayton — a social and ben- 
eficial organization. Mr. Bates was united in 
marriage March 22, 1887, to Miss Carrie E. 
Gebhart, daughter of S. T. Gebhart, and this 
union has been blessed with two children — 
Elwood G. and J. Robert. The family have 
their home at No. 334 West Fourth street. 

WOHN R. BROWNELL, president of 
■ the Brownell company, one of the 
A J largest manufacturing concerns of Day- 
ton, is a native of Fulton county, N. 
Y., where he was born on July 7, 1839. His 
parents were Frederick and Ann (Dolly) 
Brownell, both of whom were natives of the 
county already named. The father was a 
tanner and a currier by trade. He served as 
a soldier in the war of 1812, being stationed 
at Sackett's Harbor with Gen. Brown; six 
uncles of his wife also served in the war. In 
1842 Frederick Brownell came to Ohio with 
his family and located at Lower Sandusky, 
near Fremont, and from there removed to 
Perrysburg, Wood county, and thence to 
Green Springs, Sandusky county, and finally 
to a farm three miles from Fremont, where he 
died in 185 1. His widow died in 1882, in 

John R. Brownell was the youngest of 
eleven children born to his parents. After the 
family came to Ohio he attended school dur- 
ing the winter time for several years. The 
first winter after his father's death he worked 
at Green Springs for his board, at the same 
time attending school. Further educational 
advantages were denied him, and from that 
time on he was thrown upon his own resources 
and compelled to make his way in life by his 
own efforts. During the year 1853 he served 
as a clerk in the store of W. T. & A. K. West 
at Sandusky City, and the following two years 
he spent on the steamer Northern Indiana, on 
Lake Erie. In the fall of 1856 he came to 
Dayton and entered the employ of his brother, 
Elijah H. Brownell, at boilermaking, at 
which he continued until the fall of 1857, 
when he went to California. After working at 
his trade in San Francisco for a time he went to 
the gold mines and remained there until Janu- 
ary, 1 86 1, when he returned to Dayton. The 
following August he enlisted in the army, was 
sent to Saint Louis, and mustered into the Thir- 
teenth Missouri regiment (which at Corinth was 
changed to the Twenty-second Ohio volunteer 
regiment) as a sergeant, and served as such until 
1863, when he was commissioned second lieu- 
tenant of company K, of the above regiment, 
which company he commanded most of the 
time. He was mustered out as second lieu- 
tenant, having served all through the war of 
the Rebellion. Returning to Dayton, he be- 
came a member of the firm of Brownell & Com- 
pany, manufacturers of machinery, boilers and 
general foundry work. This firm was origi- 
nally composed of John R. Brownell, James 
H. Brownell, E. H. Brownell, George J. Rob- 
erts and Josiah Lee, and their place of busi- 
ness was at No. 437 East First street. May 
8, 1865, F. J. Brownell was admitted to the 
firm, and on November I, 1867, it was organ- 
ized under the name of Brownell, Roberts & 



Company. In February, 1S71, the Brownell 
& Kielmeier Manufacturing company was in- 
corporated, with C. H. Kielmeier as president; 
John R. Brownell as vice-president and general 
superintendent, and James Anderson as secre- 
tary and treasurer. On account of the panic 
of 1873 the company made an assignment. At 
the sale John R. Brownell bought two-thirds 
and Martin Schneble one-third of the property, 
and continued the business until February, 
1884, in which year Mr. Brownell bought out 
the interest of Mr. Schneble, and, under the 
name of Brownell & Co., ran the business by 
himself until January, 1888, when the Brow- 
nell company was incorporated, with Mr. 
Brownell as president and superintendent, D. 
H. Dryden, vice-president, and E. A. Vance, 
secretary and treasurer. The business re- 
mained at its original location until September 
12, 1888, when a fire occurred, destroying 
buildings and machinery. The business was 
then moved to Findlay street, just north of 
First, where a portion of the boiler plant had 
been since 1883. The plant at the above lo- 
cation, as it stands to-day, consists of a two- 
story brick machine shop, 200 x 60 feet, with a 
three-story office building, 30 feet square; a 
foundry building, 200x60 feet, with an "L" 
50 x 30 feet; a boiler shop, 200 x 50 feet, with 
.two "Ls" 50 feet square; and a recent addi- 
tion to the boiler shop of 70 x 227 feet. Mr. 
Brownell owns the principal stock (ninety per 
cent) at present. Officers: J. R. Brownell, 
president; Joseph Burns, vice-president; C. J. 
Brownell, secretary and treasurer, and Alice 
Hartnett, assistant secretary and treasurer. 

Mr. Brownell has been twice married; first, 
in June, 1866, to Melvira J., the daughter of 
Thomas Humphreys, of Urbana, Ohio. To 
the union one daughter, Anna, was born. The 
mother and daughter both died in the year 
1872. In the fall of 1875 Mr. Brownell was 

married to Miss 

Harriet Alice Smith, the 

daughter of Abraham Smith, of Maryland. 
By this marriage he has the following children: 
Carrie J., Alice J., Mary J. and John R., Jr. 
In 1874 Mr. Brownell was elected a member 
of the board of commissioners of Montgomery 
county, serving three years; during the years 
1881-82 he was a member of the Dayton city 
council. In 1882 he was elected to the Ohio 
state senate, serving one term. He is a lead- 
ing member of the G. A. R., Loyal Legion 
and Union Veteran League. 

WAMES H. BAGGOTT, ex-judge of the 
A probate court of Montgomery county, 
f» I was born in Licking county, Ohio, and 
is the eldest child of Col. William Bag- 
gott, who emigrated from Virginia to Ohio in 
1823. Just previous to leaving Virginia he 
was married to Miss Hannah Quick. After 
living in this state about sixteen years they 
moved into Montgomery county in 1839, set- 
tling upon a farm nine miles north of Dayton 
on the National road. Here James worked 
upon the farm in summer, and attended school 
in the winter season, receiving the best edu- 
cation the country schools afforded at that time. 
So well did he progress in learning that at an 
unusually early age he himself began teaching 
school, being barely seventeen years old when 
he first essayed this responsible duty. In 1846 
and 1847 he attended the old academy in 
Dayton, a remarkable institution in several re- 
spects. In 1848 he began reading law in the 
office of the Hon. Peter Odlin, at one time a 
partner of Gen. Robert C. Schenck, under the 
firm name of Odlin & Schenck, and was ad- 
fnitted to.the bar in June, 1850. In Septem- 
ber, 1S51, he was unanimously nominated by 
the democratic convention for the office of 
prosecuting attorney, and was elected by a ma- 
jority of one vote over Hon. Samuel Craig- 
head, the whig candidate, who was running for 



his third term, and who, having been an able 
and most efficient official, was very popular 
with his own party. In 1853 young Baggott 
was again unanimously nominated for the sec- 
ond term, his competitor being the Hon. 
Hiram Strong, who, as colonel of the Ninety- 
third regiment of Ohio troops, was afterward 
fatally wounded at the battle of Chickamauga. 
The result of the contest was the re-election 
of Mr. Baggott by a majority of more than 
300. In 1857 Judge Baggott was nominated 
without opposition for the office of probate 
judge and was elected, serving one term of 
three years. After retiring from the office of 
probate judge he returned to the practice of the 
law, and has since continued thus engaged. 

In politics Judge Baggott is and always has 
been a democrat, and has been a delegate to 
numerous state conventions. He was married 
in 1862 to Fannie Williams, of Kentucky, a 
daughter of George Williams. Mr. Baggott is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity and is a 
Knight Templar. He has been a member of 
the First Baptist church since 1872. He is a 
man of great strength of characcer, devoted to 
his profession, and well qualified to fill any po- 
sition of public trust. It may be said of his 
work as prosecuting attorney of Montgomery 
county, that he distinguished himself, while in 
that office, by the prosecution and conviction 
of Frank Dick for murder, as a result of which 
Dick was executed. This was one of the 
most notable criminal trials in the annals of 
Montgomery county. 

a APT. ALLEN M. BAKER, of the 
National Military Home for Disabled 
Volunteer Soldiers, near Dayton, 
Ohio, was born in Aroostook county, 
Me., August 9, 1833, and is a son of George 
and Mary (Lawrence) Baker, natives of 
New Brunswick, where their marriage took 

place. George Baker was a mechanic, but 
died when his son Allen was but a child. 
Of his five sons three were soldiers in the late 
Civil war, and one was for seven months a 
prisoner at Andersonville, S. C. 

Allen M. Baker was quite well educated in 
the public schools of his native state of Maine ; 
learned the blacksmith's trade, and later be- 
came a steamboatman, and in this latter em- 
ployment he was engaged when he enlisted, 
December 20, 1863, in Company I, Thirty- 
ninth New York volunteer infantry. He served 
until the close of the war in the army of the 
Potomac, Second army corps, under Gen. 
Winfield Scott Hancock ; and in the battle of 
the Wilderness, Va., under Gen. U. S. Grant, 
was wounded, May 6, 1864, and sent to 
hospital. There he was confined until August 
15 following, when he rejoined his regiment at 
City Point, Va., and took part in all its 
marches, skirmishes and engagements until 
the war closed. Among the battles of note in 
which he participated were those of Deep Bot- 
tom, Reams Station, Petersburg, and Hatcher's 
Run, and all engagements of his company ; he 
was in the grand review in Washington, D. C, 
in May, 1865, and was finally mustered out of 
the service, in that city, July 1, of the same 
year. He returned to his native state for a 
brief visit, then came west and for a number 
of years was employed in farming and lumber- 
ing in Wisconsin and Minnesota, but at last 
succumbed to the effects of disease contracted 
in the army, and in October, 1884, sought a 
refuge in the soldiers' home near Dayton. For 
a long time after entering this institution he 
was unable to perform any active labor, and 
was, until the five years last past, constantly 
under medical treatment, but was then ap- 
pointed captain of company Eleven, his bar- 
racks affording accommodation for 217 men. 

Capt. Baker has never been married and 
has lived apart from his family relatives since 



the close of the Civil war. He has never been 
a member of any secret society and in religious 
matters he thinks for himself. In politics he 
is bound by no party ties, but exercises his 
franchise in favor of the candidate he considers 
to be a friend of the soldiers. His military 
titles were awarded him for marked bravery 
on the battle field and meritorious conduct in 
face of the enemy and in the performance 
of duty on all occasions. He was first pro- 
moted to be sergeant of his company, then 
commissioned second lieutenant, and then cap- 
tain, with which rank he was mustered out. 

practicing physician and surgeon of 
Dayton, with office at No. 221 East 
Third street, was born in Phillips- 
burg, Montgomery county, Ohio, June 6, 1851. 
He is a son of Andrew H. and Hannah C. 
(Thomas) Baker, both of whom are living at 

Edwin Ruthven Baker was reared in Mont- 
gomery county, and educated in the public 
schools until he was fifteen years of age, when 
he began to learn the trade of mason, at which 
he worked for some eight or ten years during 
the summer season, at the same time pursuing 
the study of medicine with Dr. J. W. Tedrow, 
now deceased. After completing his studies 
in the public schools of Dayton, he attended 
the Ohio Medical college at Cincinnati, and 
graduated as a member of the class of 1876. 
After this he formed a partnership with Dr. 
Hawkins at Union, Montgomery county, with 
whom he was associated for two years. He 
then located at West Milton, Miami county, 
and was there engaged in an active and suc- 
cessful practice for twelve years. At the end 
of this time he came to Dayton, where he 
has since been engaged successfully in the 
general practice of his profession and in sur- 

gery. He is a member of Gem City lodge, 
No. 795, I. O. O. F., and has belonged to this 
order for twenty-four years. In politics he is 
a republican, and has been elected to the of- 
fice of township treasurer. 

Dr. Baker was married at Union, Mont- 
gomery county, November 23, 1876, to Miss 
Fannie E. Hawthorne, a daughter of George 
and Nancy Hawthorne, who came from Penn- 
sylvania to Ohio. Mrs. Baker was born in 
Lancaster, Pa., and is of German and Irish 
ancestry. Dr. Baker is one of the progressive 
citizens of Dayton, is public spirited, and 
takes an interest in every movement calculated 
to promote the prosperty of his chosen home. 

>-j' OHN L - BAKER, member of the board 
■ of city affairs, of Dayton, was born 
A 1 in New Carlisle, Clarke county, Ohio, 
December 10, 1848. His father, Will- 
iam Baker, was born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1821, 
and was a son of John Baker, one of the 
earliest settlers of the city of Dayton, and 
one of the first carpenters and contractors to 
locate there. John Baker assisted in building 
the old Third street bridge. William Baker 
was reared in Dayton, where he learned the 
trade of carriagemaking. In 1840 he re- 
moved to New Carlisle, Clarke county, where 
he was married to Mary McNeal, who was 
born in Pennsylvania and who died about 
1850. Mr. Baker died in 1870. Until the 
beginning of the war he carried on the manu- 
facture of carriages at New Carlisle. He and 
his wife were the parents of two sons, John 
L. , and William A., his elder brother, who is 
now a resident of Muncie, Ind. 

John L. Baker was reared in New Carlisle, 
and was educated at the academy in that place. 
After leaving school he learned the carriage- 
maker's trade. In 1864 he established him- 
self in the carriage manufacturing business in 



New Carlisle, continuing until January 2, 1872, 
when he moved to Dayton and entered upon 
the same business there, having been thus en- 
gaged ever since. His present factory is situ- 
ated at Nos. 22, 24 and 26 West Fifth street. 
In March, 1889, Mr. Baker also embarked in 
the livery business with a stable on Ludlow 
street, between Third and Fourth streets, and 
has now one of the largest establishments in 
the city. On January 29, 1894, he purchased 
the Dayton Transfer company's property and 
business, and now operates that as well as his 
carriage manufactory and livery stable. In 
April, 1S95, he was appointed by Mayor Mc- 
Miilen to a position on the board of city af- 
fairs, of which office he took possession on the 
19th of that month. Mr. Baker has always 
been a democrat, and as such holds his pres- 
ent office. He was married in 1S75 to Miss 
Josie Brower, of New Carlisle, and to their 
marriage there ha? been born one daughter, 
Blanche Louise. 

physician and surgeon of Dayton, 
Ohio, with office at No. 29 North 
Perry street, was born at McConnels- 
ville, July 13, i860. He is a son of Charles 
L. and Rachael (Maxwell) Barker, both of 
whom are of Scotch descent and now living at 
McConnelsville. The family were among the 
earliest settlers of Morgan county, Ohio, and 
experienced all the trials, hardships and dan- 
gers of pioneer days. They have been for 
years prominent in their part of the state in 
political and religious matters as well as in 
philanthropic movements, and there are many 
of the name in southeastern Ohio. 

The grandfather of Dr. Barker was Luther 
1). Barker, who, in company with two of his 
brothers, located early in the Muskingum val- 

ley. They were interested in flatboating down 
the river, and were otherwise employed in 
business of various kinds, and also in farming. 
Some members of the family became ministers 
of the gospel, while Frederick D. is the only 
one who has turned his attention to medicine. 
The family are mostly republicans, and with 
few exceptions are members of the Baptist 

Frederick D. Barker is one of a family of 
five children, and is the only son. He was 
reared in his native town, received his educa- 
tion in the public schools, from which he was 
graduated in 1878, having, however, previously 
taken a course of study in the Southeastern 
Ohio Normal school. After graduating from 
the public schools of McConnelsville, he en- 
tered Denison university at Granville, Ohio, 
graduating from this institution in 1S82, with 
the degree of bachelor of philosophy. In 
1 891 he was honored with the degree of master 
of philosophy. 

After graduating from Denison university 
he engaged in business with his father in Mc- 
Connelsville, dealing in provisions and wool, 
and continued thus engaged until 1888. In 

1884 he made a trip to Europe, visiting the 
British Isles and the entire continent, with the 
double purpose of pleasure and study, and in 

1885 began the study of medicine with R. 
Harvey Reed, surgeon-in-chief of the Balti- 
more & Ohio railroad, and took his first course 
of lectures at the Ohio Medical college in Cin- 
cinnati. The second course of lectures he 
took at the University of Pennsylvania, where 
he was graduated in the class of 1890. In a 
competitive examination among twenty-five 
applicants, for the position of house physician 
and surgeon in the Presbyterian hospital in 
Philadelphia, Dr. Barker took first place, and 
as a consequence served as resident physician 
for one year, leaving there in 1891, and com- 
ing direct to his present location in Dayton, 



and a daughter of Marshall O. Rice, 


facturer of that city. 

(/^V L. BATES & BRO, machinists, 
I manufacturers and nickel platers, at 
/^^J the corner of Fourth and St. Clair 
streets, Dayton, Ohio, still carry on 
a business which was founded in 1866 by their 
father, Hamilton Bates, on the hydraulic, in 

Ohio. Here he has been engaged in the active 
practice of medicine ever since. 

Dr. Barker is a member of the Beta Theta 
Pi college fraternity, of the Stille Medical so- 
ciety, of Philadelphia, and of the American 
Academy of Railway Surgeons. He is the 
physician to the Widows' home in Dayton, 
is the city police surgeon, is head surgeon of 
the Dayton district of the D. & M. railway, 
and of the C, D. & I. and C, H. & D. rail- 
ways. He is also surgeon on the staff of the 
Deaconess hospital, and teaches anatomy and 
physiology in the Dayton Summer school for 
teachers. He lectures on medical subjects 
before the Young Men's Christian association 
in Dayton, and also in Xenia, and is active in 
the general work of that association. 

In 1894 Dr. Barker made a second trip 
abroad, spending most of his time in the hos- 
pitals of London and Vienna. In the follow- 
ing spring he made a trip through Italy and 
down into Egypt, through Palestine, to Athens 
and Constantinople, returning through Bul- 
garia, Syria and Hungary to Vienna. Through- 
out his entire career he has been self-reliant, 
and an independent student and investigator, j 
He paid his own way through the medical 
schools, met without assistance his expenses 
upon the three trips to Europe, and, in short, 
what he has thus far accomplished has been 
wholly through his own unaided efforts. 

Dr. Barker was married in Boston, June 3, 
1896, to Helen R. Rice, a native of Boston 

the rear of Gebhart's mill, chiefly for the 
manufacture of wool machinery. 

Hamilton Bates was born at Ellicott's 
Mills, Md., in 18 19, and when a young man, 
somewhere about 1841, came to Dayton, Ohio, 
but learned the machinist's trade at Wheeling, 
W. Va. , returned to Dayton, and became 
foreman, first for McMillan & Co., and then 
for Broadrup & Co., in the manufacture of 
woolen-mill machinery. In 1866, as noted 
above, he founded the present business in 
company with his eldest son, Daniel L. , and 
this was conducted, under the firm name of 
Bates & Son, until the death of the father, in 
1884. Hamilton Bates was a devout member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, having 
been converted in his early youth; he was one 
of the earlier members of Wayne lodge, I. O. 
O. F., and on more than one occasion was its 
representative in the grand lodge. He mar- 
ried Miss Martha Lemon, a daughter of John 
Lemon, a highly respected resident of Day- 
ton. She was born in this city about 1840, 
and died in 1876, the mother of three chil- 
dren, viz: Daniel L., now the senior member 
of the firm of D. L. Bates & Bro. ; Russell 
H., the junior member of the firm, and Sarah, 
wife of Lewis Tischer, of Dayton. 

Daniel L. Bates was born August 16, 1847, 
at the corner of Fifth and Brown streets, Day- 
ton, was educated in the city schools, and at 
the age of fifteen years entered upon his ap- 
prenticeship at the machinist's trade, and this 
has ever since been his constant employment. 
From 1866 until 1884 he was a partner of his 
father, and since the latter date has been asso- 
ciated with his brother, Russell H., in the pres- 
ent business. In November, 1870, he married 
Miss Susan Umphries, who was born in Alex- 
anderville, Ohio, a daughter of Boler Umphries, 
and to this union have been born four children, 
viz: Harry L. , a graduate of the Dayton Com- 
mercial college, a practical machinist and book- 



keeper for his father, and married, in 1894, to 
Miss Laura Kimmel, a daughter of William 
Kimmel, of Dayton; Maud M., a graduate of 
the city high school, and for the past five years 
a teacher in the city schools of Dayton; Edith 
V., and Zelma G., still under parental care. 
The father is a member of Wayne lodge, No. 
10, I. O. O. F., has his residence in Dayton 
View, at 435 River street, is surrounded by a 
host of true friends, and is recognized as one 
of the best business men of the Gem City. 

Russell H. Bates, the junior member of the 
firm of D. L. Bates & Bro., was born Novem- 
ber 1, 1 861, was educated in the public schools 
of his native city of Dayton, and at the age of 
seventeen years, like his elder brother, served 
an apprenticeship at the machinist's trade un- 
der his father's instruction. He learned the 
trade in all its details, and in 1884, at the death 
of his father, became the associate of his 
brother, Daniel L. , in the present lucrative 
business, in the success of which he has been 
no unimportant factor. The marriage of Rus- 
sell H. Bates was celebrated September 2, 
1884, with Miss Julia Euchenhofer, who was 
born and reared in Dayton and is a daughter 
of Frederick Euchenhofer, one of the best 
known citizens of the Gem City. Two children 
have blessed this union and are named Ralph 
and Edmond. Mr. and Mrs. Russell H. Bates 
reside at the corner of Third and June streets, 
and are, with their little family, part of a circle 
of close acquaintances and neighbors. In poli- 
tics, both brothers are republicans. 

\S~\ OTTO BAUMANN, oneof theyoung- 
I •^ er members of the Dayton bar, and 
P secretary of the city board of elec- 
tions, was born in Dayton, Ohio, June 
30, 1870, and is a son of Hon. C. L. Baumann, 
who is included by Hon. George W. Houk, in 
his history of the Dayton bar, in the list of 

lawyers admitted to practice soon after i860. 
R. Otto Baumann received his preliminary 
education in the Dayton public schools. After- 
ward he took a course of study in the Miami 
Commercial college, graduating from that in- 
stitution in his seventeenth year. After being 
engaged in bookkeeping for one year he was 
appointed to the position of librarian of the 
Dayton law library, which place he held for 
four years. During this time he began the 
study of law and was admitted to the bar in 
December, 1891. For about eight months 
after his admission to the bar he was in the 
office of John M. Sprigg, and in 1893 began 
the practice of the law on his own account. 
In May, 1S94, Mr. Baumann was appointed 
clerk of the city board of elections, a position 
which he still retains. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity. 

Mr. Baumann, while young both in years 
and in the practice of his profession, has the 
capacity and the industry which are certain to 
bring success. His intellectual endowments 
are generous, and his social qualities are such 
as to have made for him a host of friends. 

aHARLES BECK is one of the most 
artistic landscape gardeners in the 
United States, having had charge of 
the garden and grounds of the na- 
tional soldiers' home at Dayton, since 1876. 
Mr. Beck is a native of German}-, born in 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, January 2, 1827, the 
son of William and Louise (Kroeber) Beck. 
The father was a tax collector in his native 
province, a position of trust and responsibility, 
and both parents died in the fatherland. 
Frederick Beck, a brother of Charles, lives in 
Germany. He served as justice of the peace 
daring all his active life, and is now a pen- 
sioner of the government; two sisters, Emma 
and Matilda, died in Germany, and the only 



members of the family that came to America 
were Charles and Caroline; the latter married 
a Mr. Myer and died near Cincinnati. 

Charles Beck was educated in the land of 
his nativity and at an early age learned garden- 
ing, an occupation which receives much more 
attention in the old world than in the United 
States. When twenty years of age he came 
to America, locating at Rochester, N. Y. , 
where for two years he worked for a nursery 
firm. He then went to Cincinnati and en- 
gaged in operating floral gardens and doing 
floral decorating until his removal in i860 to 
Dayton. He engaged in the same business in 
this city upon his own responsibility until em- 
ployed by the government to take charge of the 
entire floral, landscape and vegetable gardens 
at the national soldiers' home, the duties of 
which position he has since most successfully 
discharged. During his twenty years of service 
Mr. Beck has superintended the planting and 
laying out of all the grounds of the home, hav- 
ing under him seventy-five men to assist him 
in the various kinds of decorative work required. 
The conservatories and decorations, and, in- 
deed, every thing connected with the grounds, 
are artistic in the highest degree and a tangible 
tribute to the taste and skill of the manager, 
whose knowledge of the profession has been 
gained only after many years of careful and 
painstaking study. 

Mr. Beck was married in 1 S56 to Miss 
Louisa Schnike, a native of Saxony, where she 
was born in 1836. Mrs. Beck came with her 
parents to America when fourteen years of 
age, locating at Cincinnati, where she grew to 
womanhood. Her daughter, Louise, is assist- 
ant principal of the Dayton Steele high school, 
having charge of the German department. She 
is a graduate of the Central high school, and 
for some time pursued her studies in Munich, 
Germany; the brother, Otto Walter, also edu- 
cated in Munich, is' a teacher in the art 

museum in Cincinnati; Matilda was educated 
in the city schools of Dayton. Mrs. Beck was 
reared in the faith of the German Lutheran 
church, but is now a member of the English 
branch of that denomination. Mr. Beck takes 
an active interest in political matters, support- 
ing the republican party upon state and na- 
tional issues, while in local matters he is en- 
tirely independent. 

retary of the Ohio Fire Insurance 
company, and general fire insurance 
agent, at Dayton, Ohio, was born in 
this city December 18, 1838, a son of John S. 
and Zipporah (Cock) Bell. He graduated from 
the Central high school of his native city, and 
immediately afterward went west and taught 
school for a time on the prairies of Minnesota; 
he then went to Burlington, Iowa, and for sev- 
eral years was employed as a local reporter on 
the " Hawkeye." and at the breaking out of 
the Civil war enlisted for ninety days. After 
serving out his term of enlistment he returned 
to Burlington and raised a company of volun- 
teers, and in 1862 was commissioned captain 
of company E, Twenty-fifth Iowa volunteer 
infantry, and as such served until the close of 
the war. He participated in all the campaigns 
in the southwest under Gens. Grant and Sher- 
man, and also in the south and southeast, in- 
cluding the siege of Vicksburg, the storming of 
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, the 
campaign of Atlanta, the march through Geor- 
gia and the Carolinas, and the grand review at 
Washington, D. C. During his term of serv- 
ice Capt. Bell was appointed assistant adju- 
tant-general and assistant inspector-general on 
the staffs of Gen. James A. Williamson and 
Gen. George A. Stone, in Sherman's Fifteenth 
corps, and received the commendation of his 
commanders in general orders for his faithful 



discharge of duty. After the war he returned 
to Iowa, and for several years was engaged in 
mercantile business, but finally returned to 
Dayton, filling a position as bookkeeper until 
1885, when he accepted his present office. 

Capt. Bell was made a master Mason in 
Des Moines lodge, No. 1, Burlington, Iowa, 
October 12, 1868; was exalted a royal arch 
Mason October 2, 1869, in Iowa Royal Arch 
chapter, No. 1 ; created a Knight Templar in 
St. Omer commander}', No. 15, February 22, 
1 87 1. He has affiliated with the various York 
rite bodies in Dayton since 1872, and has re- 
ceived the various degrees of the Scottish rite, 
from the fourth to the thirty-second degree, 
in the valley of Dayton, and in the Ohio con- 
sistory, at Cincinnati; in 1880 was crowned a 
sovereign grand inspector -general, thirty- 
third degree, and made an honorary member 
of the supreme council, N. M. J., of the 
United States, at Boston, September 18, 1888. 
He has served as recorder of Reed command- 
ery, No. 6, of Dayton, nine years; eminent 
commander of the same commandery in 1886; 
grand recorder of the grand commandery of 
Ohio in 1886, and to this office he has been 
annually elected up to the present time. He 
is a past master of Gabriel lodge of Perfec- 
tion, A. A. rite, and is the present grand 
master of Miami council, P. of J., in which 
position he has served continuously since 1887. 
He is a member of the Loyal Legion, and a 
past commander of Old Guard post, G. A. R. 

Capt. Bell was united in marriage in Bur- 
lington, Iowa, November 3, 1S61, with Miss 
Annie E. Acres, daughter of Stephen T. Acres, 
of Gibraltar, and has a family of six children, 
viz: Charles W. , secretary and manager of 
the United States Board & Paper company, 
of Cincinnati; William A., traveling sales- 
man for the American Strawboard company, 
of Cincinnati; George H., state agent for the 
North British & Mercantile Insurance com- 

pany, at Dayton; Walter H., grocers' broker, 
Dayton; Mary V. and Nelson J., at home. 
The family are members of the Episcopal 
church, and in politics Capt. Bell is a repub- 
lican. He descends from very old American 
families, his maternal ancestors being traced 
to the Mayflower, while his paternal fore- 
fathers, who came from England, can be traced 
equally far back to the early settlements on 
the shores of Maryland. His grandparents 
were residents of Greene county, Ohio, as 
early as the opening of the present century, 
his grandfather, John Bell, having been 
drowned in the Little Miami river in 18 10. 
His parents were residents of Dayton as early 
as 1830, and the name has been prominently 
associated with the history of the city and 
county up to the present day. 

<V^V s DOREN BATES, a representative 
fi merchant of Dayton, Ohio, and senior 
r member of the well-known dry-goods 
house of Bates, Engel & Co., is a na- 
tive of Ohio, and a descendant of two old pio- 
neer families of the Buckeye state. Mr. Bates 
was born in Butler county, Ohio, July 7, 1843, 
and is the son of Lewis Cass and Nellie 
Schenck (Shepherd) Bates. The Bates family 
came originally from England, settling in Con- 
necticut during colonial days. From Connecti- 
cut they came west, Asael Bates, grandfather 
of Ns D., the first of the family to come to 
Ohio, having settled at Cincinnati when the 
Queen City was a small place. For many 
years he was wharfmaster and an auctioneer 
at Cincinnati, and then removed to Warren 
county, Ohio, where he engaged in tavern- 

Lewis Cass Bates was born in Ohio in No- 
vember, 18 18. He has followed farming all 
his life, and now resides at Gano, Butler 
county. Nellie Schenck Shepherd was born 






in Hamilton county, Ohio, on September 21, 
1822. Her parents were Thomas and Sarah 
(Preston) Shepherd. The Shepherds came 
originally from England. Thomas Shepherd 
came with his parents to Ohio in 1S16, the 
family settling at Lockland, Hamilton county. 
For six years after the birth of Ns D. his par- 
ents resided in Butler county, and then re- 
moved to Lockland, where the next six years 
of his life were spent on the old farm of his 
great-grandfather Shepherd. His parents then 
went to live in Jackson county, Ind. Before 
leaving Ohio young Bates attended the com- 
mon schools, and after removing to Indiana 
he attended school during the winter months, 
thus securing a fair English education. Be- 
tween the ages of twelve and nineteen he 
worked on the farm, attended school, taught 
school, clerked in a store and carried the 
United States mail. 

On August 18, 1862, when only a month 
past his nineteenth year, he enlisted in the 
Federal army from Jackson county, Ind., and 
was mustered into the service at Madison, 
Ind., two days later, as a private in Capt. 
Nelson Crabb's company G, Sixty-seventh 
regiment Indiana volunteer infantry, Col. 
Frank Emerson, commanding, his enlistment 
being for a term of three years. He was dis- 
charged on December 10, 1864, at Baton Rouge, 
La. , on account of consolidation, and re-en- 
listed in company G, Twenty-fourth regiment 
Indiana volunteer infantry, under Capt. Jacob 
Smith and Col. W. G. Spicely, for the re- 
mainder of the war. He served in the First 
brigade, Second division, Thirteenth corps, 
army of West Mississippi, and participated in 
the following engagements: Munfordsville, 
Ky., on September 14 and 17, 1862; Chick- 
asaw Bayou, Miss., on December 27 and 
31, 1862; Arkansas Post, Ark., on January 
11, 1863; Port Gibson, Miss., on May 1, 1863, 
Champion Hill, Miss., on May 16, 1863; Black 

River, Miss., on May 17, 1863; siege of Vicks- 
burg. Miss., from May 19 to July 4, 1863; 
Jackson, Miss., on July 10 and 18, 1863; Car- 
rion Crow, La., on November 3, 1863; Forts 
Gaines and Morgan, from August 6 to23, 1864; 
siege and charge of Blakeley, Ala., on April 
29, 1865, where he was slightly wounded. 
Mr. Bates was captured at Munfordsville, Ky. , 
upon the surrender of the entire garrison on 
September 17, 1862, and was again captured 
at Carrion Crow, La., on Nevember 3, 1863, 
and confined in prison at Alexandria, La., for 
fifty-three days, being paroled on December 
25, 1863, and exchanged about June 1, 1864. 
He was detailed for special duty in regimental 
quartermaster's department for a few months 
in 1863, and was again detailed for similar 
duty at quartermaster's department at Parole 
Camp, New Orleans, La., from January 1 to 
July 1, 1864. He. was honorably discharged 
from the service at Galveston, Tex., on July 
19, 1865, by reason of the close of the war, 
after having served for a period of almost 
three years. 

Upon his return from the war Mr. Bates 
came to Xenia, Ohio, where he secured a sub- 
ordinate position in a store, and there remained 
for several years, working his way up to the 
position of bookkeeper and salesman. In 
1870 he came to Dayton and took a position 
as bookkeeper in a wholesale liquor house, 
which place he has held for about eighteen 
months. Following this he was made assistant 
secretary of the Farmers cS: Merchants Insur- 
ance company, of Dayton, with which he con- 
tinued until the business of the company was 
wound up and closed out. Through the in- 
fluence of the Hon. Lewis B. Gunckel, then 
a member of congress from the Dayton dis- 
trict, Mr. Bates was appointed to a position 
in the government postal service in 1874, and 
for six years he was in the United States railway 
mail service, running first from Pittsburg to 



Cincinnati, then from Pittsburg to Indianapolis, 
and next from Indianapolis to Saint Louis. 
So efficient did he become in his duties as mail 
clerk, that during the two last years of his 
service with the government he was placed as 
head clerk in charge of the mail car and crew 
of his run. In January, 1880, Mr. Bates re- 
signed his position in the government service 
in order to return to Dayton and take charge 
of the books of the dry-goods house of Augustus 
Sharp, and his employer soon afterwards 
taking charge of a store in Louisville, Ky., 
Mr. Bates was left in charge of the office and 
financial departments of the Dayton establish- 
ment. Mr. Sharp later disposed of his store 
in the city to Messrs. Lambert & Clock, and 
with this firm Mr. Bates remained as book- 
keeper for about one yea