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Full text of "Certificate of organization and by-laws of the Chicago Bar Association and list of officers, etc"

LAWRENCE J. GUTTER 

Collection of Chicogoono 

THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 
AT CHICAGO 

The University Library 



Certificate of rgaimation 









1 8 7 9 



CHICAGO: 

DONNELLEY, CASSETTE &. LOYD Printers 

Clark and Adams Streets. 





CHICAGO: 

DONNELLEY. CASSETTE AND LOYD, Printers, 

Clark and Adams Streets. 



5)tatt of Jlltnoia, 
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, 

GEORGE H. HARLOW, 
Secretary of State. 

ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME GREETING: 



Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged, having been filed in the 
Office of the Secretary of State, on the lytJi day of May, A . D. 1874, for the organi- 
zation of The Chicago Bar Association, under and in accordance -with the provisions 
of ' " An Act Concerning Corporations" approved April 18, 1872, and in force July 
i, 1872, a copy of which Certificate is hereto attached: 

Now, therefore, I, George H. Harlow, Secretary of State of the State of Illinois, 
by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify that the said 



OEfjtcago 



association 



Is a legally organized corporation under the laws of this State. 

In testimony whereof, I hereunto set my hand and cause to be affixed the great 
seal of State. Done at the city of Springfield, this zyth day of May, in the year 
\j _ jf of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-four, and of the 
Independence of the United States the ninety-eighth. 



(Signed). 



GEORGE H. HARLOW, 

Secretary of State. 



jlfatg ol[ 

COOK COUNTY. 



\ 

*>[, 

TY. ) 



We, the undersigned, being citizens of the United States, desiring to 
form an Association, not for pecuniary profit, pursuant to an Act of the 
General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled "An Act concerning 
Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, do hereby certify that the following 
is a true statement of the name or title by which such Association shall be 
known in law; the particular business and object for which it is formed; 
the number of its managers, and the names of the same selected for the first 
year of its existence, viz : 

1. Name or title : " THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION." 

2. Particular business and object is, to establish and maintain the honor 
and dignity of the profession of the law, to cultivate social intercourse among 
its members, and to increase its usefulness in promoting the due administra- 
tion of justice. 

3. Number of Managers, Thirteen (13). 

4. Names of the Managers selected for the first year : 

William C. Goudy. Lyman Trumbull. 

Thomas Hoyne. A. M. Pence. 

Wirt Dexter. Edwin C. Lamed. 

Stephen A. Goodwin. Ezra B. McCagg. 

Murray F. Tuley. Wm. P. Black. 

Charles M. Hardy. Wm. H. Barnum. 
Ira Scott. 

5. Location, Chicago, Illinois. 

(Signed), CHARLES M. STURGES. 

JAMES P. ROOT. 
C. B. LAWRENCE. 
CHARLES HITCHCOCK. 
ROBERT T. LINCOLN. 
IRA O. WILKINSON. 

STATE OF ILLINOIS, I 
COOK COUNTY. f ss- 

I. W. O. Robinson, a Notary Public in and for said County, in the State of Illinois, do 
hereby certify that C. B. Lawrence, Charles Hitchcock, Robert T. Lincoln, Ira O. Wilkin- 
son, James P. Root, and Charles M. Sturges, personally known to me as the same persons 
whose names are subscribed to the foregoing Certificate, appeared before me this day in 
person, and severally acknowledged that they signed said Certificate in writing for the pur- 
poses and uses therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal, this 2ad day of May, A. D. 1874. 

[NOTARIAL SEAL.] W. O. ROBINSON, 

Notary Public. 



BY-LAWS 



C HICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION - 



i. 

The Association shall be called " THE CHICAGO BAR ASSO- 
CIATION." 

II. 

The Association is established to maintain the honor and 
dignity of the profession of the law, to cultivate social inter- 
course among its members, and to increase its usefulness in 
promoting the due administration of justice. 

III. 

SECTION i. The members of the legal profession practicing 
in the City of Chicago, whose names appear on the roll at the 
end hereof, are hereby declared to be members of this Asso- 
ciation. 

Any member of the profession, in good standing, practicing 
in the City of Chicago, may become a member by vote of the 
Association, on recommendation of the Committee on Admis- 
sion, as hereinafter provided, and on subscribing the said Roll 
and paying the admission fee. 



BY-LAWS OF 



All Judges of Courts of Record in Illinois, and all members 
of the profession of the State of Illinois, in good standing, not 
practicing in the City of Chicago, may, in like manner, become 
members of the Association, having all the privileges of the 
same, except that of voting. 

SECTION 2. The Committee on Admission shall have power 
to make such regulations in relation to proposals for member- 
ship, and notice thereof, as they may, from time to time, deem 
needful, subject to alteration and revision, from time to time, 
by the Association. 

Candidates against whom there shall be a negative vote in 
the Committee, shall not be recommended for admission. Upon 
being recommended, the report of the Committee shall be laid 
over until the next meeting, at which time a vote by ballot 
shall be taken in the Association, and one negative vote in 
every five of those present shall exclude the candidate, and the 
candidate so excluded shall not again be presented for mem- 
bership within six months thereafter. 

IV. 

OFFICERS. 

The officers of the Association shall be a President, two 
Vice Presidents, a Secretary, a Treasurer, a Board of Managers 
of nine members, of which the President, Vice-Presidents and 
Secretary shall, ex-officio, be additional members, and a Com- 
mittee on Admissions, to consist of nine members. The 
Officers, after the first election hereunder, shall be elected at 
the annual meeting, to be held on the second Saturday of 
January in each year hereafter. 

The Board of Managers and the Committee on Admissions 
first chosen under the By-Laws, shall divide themselves into 



THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION. 



three classes of equal numbers each. The first class of each 
Committee shall hold office for three years; the second class 
two years ; the third class one year; and thereafter, each annual 
election shall be for three members of the Board of Managers, 
and three members of the Committee on Admissions, to hold 
office three years, and for such additional number, if any, to 
fill vacancies, to hold office during the remainder of the terms 
of the members whose places they fill. The number of the 
foregoing committees may be diminished or increased at any 
annual meeting, by a vote of the Association. 

V. 

The Board of Managers shall manage the affairs of the 
Association, subject to the By-Laws, and they shall provide a 
permanent place for the use of the Association. 

VI. 

MEETINGS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

There shall be an annual meeting of the Association on the 
second Saturday in January of each year, and such stated and 
other meetings as shall be provided in the By-Laws. 

VII. 

ADMISSION FEE.* 

The admission fee shall, in all cases, be fifteen dollars, to be 
paid on signing the roll of members, and no member shall be 
subject to annual dues during the current year of his admission. 

VIII. 
Any member of the Association may be suspended or 

* As Amended April 6, 1878. 



BY-LAWS OF 



expelled for misconduct in his relations to this Association, or 
in his profession, on conviction thereof, in such manner as may 
be prescribed by the By-Laws, and all interest in the property 
of the Association of persons resigning, or otherwise ceasing 
to be members, shall vest in the Association. 

IX. 

All elections shall be by ballot. The officers elected shall 
enter upon their duties immediately upon their election, and 
shall hold office until their successors are elected or appointed. 

In case of a vacancy in any office, it shall be filled by 
appointment of the Board of Managers until the annual elec- 
tion, except in the case of a vacancy occurring in the office of 
President, which shall be filled by the Association, at its first 
stated meeting, occurring more than ten days after the happen- 
ing of such vacancy. 

X. 

THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

The President shall preside at all meetings of the Associa- 
tion, and in case of his absence, any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
who shall be chosen without ballot, shall preside. 

XI. 

SECRETARY. 

The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of all 
meetings, and of all other matters of which a record shall be 
deemed advisable by the Association. 

He shall notify the officers and members of their election, 
and shall keep a roll of the members, and shall issue notices of 



THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION. 



all meetings, and shall conduct the correspondence of the 
Association, with the concurrence of the President. 

* When any names of candidates for admission shall be 
reported favorably to the Association by the Committee on 
Admissions, it shall be the duty of the Secretary to forthwith 
prepare and mail to each member of the Association printed 
slips containing names of such candidates, and the date of 
meeting upon which they are to be voted. 

XII. 

TREASURER. 

The Treasurer shall collect, and, under the direction of the 
Board of Managers, disburse all funds of the Association; he 
shall report annually, or oftener if required ; he shall keep 
regular accounts, which shall be, at all times, open to the 
inspection of any member of the Board of Managers ; his 
accounts shall be audited by a Committee of three members of 
the Association, to be elected by ballot at the stated meeting 
preceding the annual meeting in each year. 

XIII. 

MEETINGS OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 

The Board of Managers shall meet at least once a month, 
except in July, August and September. They shall have power 
to make such regulations (not inconsistent with the By-Laws), 
as shall be necessary for the protection of the property of the 
Association, and for the preservation of good order in the 
conduct of its affairs. 

They shall keep a record of their proceedings, which shall 

* Amendment, adopted March 6, 1875. 



10 BY -LAWS OF 



be read at the ensuing meeting of the Association; and it shall 
be their duty to present business for the action of the Associa- 
tion; they shall have no power to make the Association liable 
for any debts amounting to more than half of the amount in 
the Treasurer's hands, in cash, and not subject to prior liabili- 
ties; nor shall they have power to make any contract binding, 
personally, upon members of the Association. 

XIV. 

There shall be stated meetings of the Association held on 
the first Saturday of every month, except the month of Jan- 
uary, when the annual meeting takes place, and the months of 
July, August, and September, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Board of Managers. At these stated meetings, and at any 
regular adjourned meeting thereof, all the powers of the Asso- 
ciation may be exercised. 

Special meetings may be called at any time by the Board of 
Managers, or such special meetings shall be called by the Sec- 
retary, upon the written request of ten members of the 
Association. At such special meetings no business shall be 
transacted except such as shall be specified in the call thereof. 

The presence of twenty members shall be necessary to con- 
stitute a quorum at any meeting of the Association, which 
number may be increased or diminished by any subsequent 
By-Law. 

XV. 

The annual dues shall be fixed and assessed at the annual 
meetings hereafter, and shall be collectible forthwith, and any 
member in default after thirty days' notice, shall cease to be a 
member, unless excused by the Board of Managers. 



THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION. II 

* When any person has ceased to be a member of the Asso- 
ciation because of a failure to pay dues, he may be reinstated 
by the Board of Managers in their discretion, upon the pay- 
ment of all dues. 

XVI. 

At each stated meeting of the Association the order of busi- 
ness shall be as follows: 

1. Reading of minutes of preceding meeting. 

2. Reading of minutes of Board of Managers. 

3. Report of Board of Managers. 

4. Report of Treasurer. 

5: Report of Committee on Admissions. 

6. Election. 

7. Report of Committee on Amendment of the Law. 

8. Report of Judiciary Committee. 

9. Report of Committee on Grievances. 

10. Report of Committee on Legal Education. 

11. Report of Committee on Inquiry. 

12. Report of Special Committees. 

13. Miscellaneous Business. 

This order of business may be changed by a vote of the 
majority of the members present. 

The usual parliamentary rules and orders, otherwise than as 
herein provided, shall govern all meetings of the Association. 

XVII. 

If any person elected does not, within one month after notice 
of his election, signify his acceptance by signing the Roll, and 
payment of his admission fee, he shall be deemed to have 
declined to become a member. 

* As amended May 5, 1877. 



12 BY-LAWS OF 

XVIII. 

There shall be the-following Standing Committees: 

(a.) A Committee on the Amendment of the Law, which 
shall be charged with the duty of attention to all proposed 
changes in the law, and of recommending such as, in their 
opinion, may be entitled to the favorable influence of this 
Association. 

(t>.) A Judiciary Committee, which shall be charged with 
the duty of the observation of the working of our judicial sys- 
tem, the collection of information, the entertaining and 
examination of projects for a change or reform in the system, 
and of recommending, from time to time, to the Association, 
such action as they may deem expedient. 

(c.) A Committee on Grievances, which shall be charged 
with the hearing of all complaints against members of the 
Association, and also all complaints which may be made in 
matters affecting the interests of the legal profession and the 
practice of the law, and the administration of justice, and to 
report the same to this Association, with such recommendation 
as they may deem advisable. 

(</.) A Committee on Legal Education, which shall be 
charged with the duty of examining and reporting what 
changes it is expedient to propose in the system of legal edu- 
cation, and of admission to the practice of the profession in 
the State of Illinois. 

(<?.) * A Committee of Inquiry, consisting o'f three members, 
which shall be charged with the duty of investigating all mis- 
demeanors and every breach of professional conduct on the 
part of any member of the Bar practicing the profession of the 1 
law in the city of Chicago; and also of investigating any 

* As amended February 3, 1877. 



THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION. 13 



improper conduct of any officer or person engaged in the 
administration of justice in said city, which conduct shall, in 
the opinion of such Committee, tend to the obstruction of 
justice; and also of investigating any abuses which now or 
shall hereafter exist in the administration of justice in said 
city. Said Committee shall take testimony and bring any such 
matters either before the Committee on Grievances or before 
the Association, with such report or recommendation as the 
members of such Committee shall deem proper. 

And it shall be the duty of such Committee, either on corn- 
plaint made to them or on hearing of any such misdemeanor, 
improper conduct or abuses, to investigate and report upon the 
same of their own motion. 

XIX. 

Each of the Committees named in the foregoing By-Law 
shall be a Committee of five, and shall be appointed annually 
by the President of the Association, and shall continue in 
office until the annual meeting of the Association next after 
their appointment, and until their successors are appointed, 
with power to fill vacancies, and to adopt rules for their own 
government. 

Any Standing Committee may, by rule, provide that three 
successive absences from the meetings of the Committee, unex- 
cused, shall be deemed a resignation of the member so absent, 
of his place upon the Committee. 

Any Standing Committee of the Association may, by rule, 
impose upon its members a fine for non-attendance, and when 
collected, to be paid into the Treasury. 

* Every Committee shall render a report upon all subject 
matter referred, as often as once every three months. 

* Amendment adopted February 13, 1875. 



JOULES OF THE (COMMITTEE ON ADMISSIONS. 



The Committee on Admissions have adopted the following 
regulations in relation to proposals for membership : 

i. /No person will be hereafter recommended for member- 
ship by the Committee on Admissions, unless a written 
application for his admission shall have been made to the 
Committee, subscribed by a member of the Association, setting 
forth the name of the person proposed, his place of residence, 
whether he is or not engaged in the practice of the law, and of 
good standing in the profession; and such nomination must be 
indorsed or seconded by two other members of the Association. 

2. The Committee on Admissions will report their action 
upon the names submitted, in those cases only where they 
shall agree in recommending the admission of the candidate ; 
and all recommendations by the Committee will be made in 
writing, at a stated meeting of the Association, and be signed 
by the members concurring therein. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF 

CHICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1874. 



President : 
WILLIAM C. GOUDY. 

Vice-Presidents : 
LYMAN TRUMBULL. THOMAS HOYNE. 

Board of Managers : 

W1RT DEXTER. EDWIN C. LARKED. 

STEPHEN A. GOODWIN. EZRA B. McCAGG. 

MURRAY F. TULEY. WM. P. BLACK. 

CHAS. M. HARDY. WM. H. BARNUM. 
IRA SCOTT. 

Secretary : 
ABRAM M. PENCE. 

Treasttrer : 
OLIVER H. HORTON. 



Committee on Admission : 



BENJ. F. AYER. 
WM. H. KING. 
ROBERT HERVEY. 
GEORGE W. SMITH. 



THOMAS A. MORAN. 

Standing Committees : 

ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. 



LEONARD SWETT. 
SIDNEY SMITH. 
MELVILLE W. FULLER. 
JOHN S. COOPER. 



JOHN N. JEWETT. 
CLARK W. UPTON. 
ELLIOTT ANTHONY. 
RICHARD S. THOMPSON. 
SAMUEL K. DOW. 

ON GRIEVANCES. 

GRANT GOODRICH. 
JOHN L. THOMPSON. 
T. LYLE DICKEY. 
EDWARD A. SMALL. 
ISRAEL N. STILES. 



JUDICIARY. 



CHARLES B. LA\YRENCE. 
CHARLES HITCHCOCK. 
IRA O.WILKINSON. 
ROBERT T. LINCOLN. 
CHARLES M. STURGES. 

ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 

JAMES R. DOOLITTLE. 
HENRY G. MILLER. 
JULIUS ROSENTHAL. 
JOSEPH A. SLEEPER. 
HENRY I. SHELDON. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF 

(CHICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1875. 



President : 
BENJAMIN F. AVER. 

Vice- Presidents : 
CHARLES B. LAWRENCE. ABRAM M. PENCE. 

Board of Managers : 

MURRAY F. TULEY. EZRA B. McCAGG. 

EDWIN C. LARNED. IRA SCOTT. 

WM. P. BLACK. WM. H. BARNUM. 

NORMAN WILLIAMS. CHARLES M. STURGES. 

JOSEPH E. LOCKWOOD. 

Secretary : 
HUNTINGTON W.JACKSON. 

Treasurer: 
JOHN H. S. QUICK. 

Committee on Admission : 

ROBERT HERVEY. SIDNEY SMITH. 

WM. H. KING. GEORGE W. SMITH. 

MELVILLE W. FULLER. THOMAS A. MORAN. 

BENJAMIN D. MAGRUDER. JOHN P.WILSON. 

ADOLPH MOSES. 



Standing Committees : 



ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. 

WILLIAM C. GOUDY. 
WIRT DEXTER. 
LEONARD SWETT. 
JAMES P. ROOT. 
THOMAS G. FROST. 

ON GRIEVANCES. 

JOHN S. COOPER. 
OLIVER H. HORTON. 
ISRAEL N. STILES. 
W. IRVING CULVER. 
WILLIAM VOCKE. 



JUDICIARY. 



JOHN N. JEWETT. 
CHARLES HITCHCOCK. 
THOMAS F. WITHROW. 
DANIEL L. SHOREY. 
JOHN L. THOMPSON. 

ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 

THOMAS HOYNE. 
JULIUS ROSENTHAL. 
S. CORNING JUDD. 
ROBERT T. LINCOLN. 
JAMES L. HIGH. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF 

CHICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1876. 



President : 
EZRA B. McCAGG. 

Vice-Presidents : 
WIRT DEXTER. THOMAS DENT. 

Board of Managers : 

BENJAMIN F. AVER. KIRK HAWES. 

STEPHEN A. GOODWIN. IRA SCOTT. 

WILLIAM C. GOUDY. HENRY W. BISHOP. 

NORMAN WILLIAMS. CHARLES M. STURGES. 

JOSEPH E. LOCKWOOD. 

Secretary : 
FREDERIC ULLMANN. 

Treasurer : 
JOHN H. S. QUICK. 

Committee on Admission : 

ROBERT HERVEY. GEORGE GARDNER. 

WILLIAM H. KING. EDWIN WALKER. 

MELVILLE W. FULLER. FRANK J. CRAWFORD. 

BENJAMIN D. MAGRUDER. JOHN P. WILSON. 

ADOLPH MOSES. 

Standing Committees : 
ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. JUDICIARY. 

LYMAN TRUMBULL. CHARLES B. LAWRENCE. 

WILLIAM P. BLACK. CHARLES H. WOOD. 

GEORGE O. IDE. EDWARD S. ISHAM. 



EDWARD A. SMALL. 



GEORGE F. BAILEY. 



JAMES S. NORTON. HENRY K. WHITON. 

ON GRIEVANCES. ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 



JAMES L. HIGH. 
ABRAM M. PENCE. 
GWYNN GARNETT. 
EDWARD G. MASON. 
CHARLES T. ADAMS. 



JAMES R. DOOLITTLE. 
GEORGE L. PADDOCK. 
HENRY I. SHELDON. 
CHARLES A. DUPEE. 
FRANCIS LACKNER. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 



THE C HICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1877. 



President : 
JOHN N. JEWETT. 



GEORGE W. SMITH. 



Vice-Presidents : 

JAMES L. HIGH. 



Board of Managers : 

BENJAMIN F. AVER. WILLIAM C. GRANT. 

EZRA B. McCAGG. GEORGE E. ADAMS. 

WILLIAM C. GOUDY. HENRY W. BISHOP. 

NORMAN WILLIAMS. CHARLES M. STURGES. 

JAMES S. NORTON. 

Secretary : 
FREDERIC ULLMANN. 

Treasurer : 

JOHN H. S. QUICK. 
Committee on Admission : 



BENJAMIN D. MAGRUDER. 
GEORGE GARDNER. 
EDWIN WALKER. 
FRANK J. CRAWFORD. 



JOHN P. WILSON. 
ABRAM M. PENCE. 
ADOLPH MOSES. 
OLIVER H. HORTON. 



HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON. 



Standing Committees : 
ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. 



WILLIAM H. KING. 
GEORGE GARDNER. 
EDWARD G. MASON. 
JOSEPH B. LEAKK. 
JOSEPH E. SMITH. 

ON GRIEVANCES. 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS. 
GEORGE WILLARD. 
DANIEL J. SCHUYLER. 
JOHN J.KNICKERBOCKER 
W.' IRVING CULVER. 



JUDICIARY. 



WIRT DEXTER. 
THOMAS DENT. 
BENJAMIN D. MAGRUDER. 
THOMAS A. MORAN. 
GEORGE L. PADDOCK. 

ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 

ISAAC G. WILSON. 
JOHN L. THOMPSON. 
JULIUS ROSENTHAL. 
W. ELIOT FURNESS. 
ORRIN SKINNER. 



OF INQUIRY : 

JOHN S. COOPER. ADOLPH MOSES. 

HENRY I. SHELDON. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OK 

CHICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1878. 



President : 
WIRT DEXTER. 

Vice-Presidents : 



WILLIAM H. KING. 



JOHN L. THOMPSON. 



Board of Managers : 

BENJAMIN F. AVER. GEORGE E.ADAMS. 

EZRA B. McCAGG. 
WILLIAM C. GOUDY. 



WILLIAM C. GRANT. 



ADOLPH MOSES. 



HENRY W. BISHOP. 
ISRAEL N. STILES. 
JAMES L. HIGH. 



Secretary : 
HENRY I. SHELDON. 

Treasurer : 
FARLIN Q. BALL. . 

Committee on Admission : 

GEORGE GARDNER. HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON. 

EDWIN WALKER. OLIVER H, HORTON. 

FRANK J.CRAWFORD. IRA O.WILKINSON. 

ABRAM M. PENCE. JOSEPH E. SMITH. 

W. IRVING CULVER. 



Standing Committees : 



OX AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. 

LYMAN TRUMBULL. 
THOMAS F. WITHROW. 
EDWARD S. ISHAM. 
EDWARD G. MASON. 
JOSEPH E. SMITH. 

ON GRIEVANCES. 

EPHRAIM A. OTIS. 
W. IRVING CULVER. 
CHARLES M. STURGES. 
WILLIAM H. BARNUM. 
WILLIAM P. BLACK. 



JUDICIARY. 



JOHN N. JEWETT. 
EDWIN C. LARNED. 
BENJAMIN D. MAGRUDER. 
THOMAS A. MORAX. 
OLIVER H. HORTON. 

ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 

ISAAC G. WILSON. 
HENRY STRONG. 
MURRAY F. TULEY. 
WILLIAM R. PAGE. 
ARTHUR J. CATON. 



OF INQUIRY. 

JOHN S. COOPER. JAMES S. NORTON. 

JOHN J. KNICKERBOCKER. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 



OF 



C HICAGO B AR ASSOCIATION 

FOR 1879. 



President : 
WILLIAM H. KING. 

Vice-P residents : 

MELVILLE W. FULLER. ISRAEL N. STILES. 

Board of Managers : 

EZRA B. McCAGG. WILLIAM C. GRANT. 

GEORGE E. ADAMS. JAMES L. HIGH. 

AD'OLPH MOSES. GEORGE W. SMITH. 

ROBERT T. LINCOLN. WIRT DEXTER. 

JOHN N. JEWETT. 

Secretary : 
HOLDRIDGE O. COLLINS. 

Treasurer : 
FARLIN Q. BALL. 

Committee on Admission. 

ABRAM M. PENCE. OLIVER H. HORTON. 

HUNTINGTON W. JACKSON. IRA O. WILKINSON. 

JOSEPH E. SMITH. W. IRVING CULVER. 

GEORGE GARDNER. FRANK J. CRAWFORD. 

EDWIN WALKER. 

Standing Committees : 
ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW. JUDICIARY. 

HENRY G. MILLER. ALEXANDER McCOY. 

ELLIOTT ANTHONY. CHARLES M. HARDY. 

JAMES B. BRADWELL. THOMAS DENT. 

HARVEY B. HURD. JOHN LYLE KING. 

WILLIAM VOCKE. JOHN C. BARKER. 

ON GRIEVANCES. ON LEGAL EDUCATION. 

JOHN L. THOMPSON. JOHN C. RICHBERG. 

GEORGE L. PADDOCK. JOHN I. BENNETT. 

FRANCIS H. KALES. THOMAS M. HOYNE. 

FREDERIC ULLMANN. WILLIAM J. ENGLISH. 

GEORGE A. FOLLANSBEE. | JAMES R. DOOLITTLE, JR. 

OF INQUIRY : 

S. CORNING JUDD. FREDERICK W. PACKARD. 

JOHN P. WILSON. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 



ABERCROMBIE, OTIS P. 
* ADAMS, CHARLES T. 

ADAMS, GEORGE E. 

AHRENS, JOHN P. 

ALOIS, OWEN F. 

ALLEN, CHAS. L. 

ALLEN, EGBERT F. 

ANTHONY, ELLIOTT 

A VERY, DANIEL J. 

AVER, BENJAMIN F. 

BACON, ROSWELL B. 

BAKER, FRANK 

BAILEY, GEORGE F. 

BALL, FAR LIN Q. 

BARBER, HIRAM 

BARKER, JOHN C. 

BARNUM, WM. H. 

BENNETT, JOHN I. 

BISBEE, LEWIS H. 

BISHOP, HENRY W. 

BLACK, WILLIAM P. 

BLACKMAN, DANIEL 

BLANKE, GEORGE F. 

BOND, LESTER L. 

BONNEY, CHAS. C. 

BORDEN, JOHN 

BOUTELL, LEWIS H. 

BOYCE, FRANK L. 

BRACKETT, WM. S. 

BRADLEY, FORDYCE G. 

BRADWELL, JAS. B. 

BRAIN ARD, EDWIN 

BRAWLEY, FRANCIS W. S. 

BROWN, EDWARD O. 

BROWN, STEPHEN F. 

BURCH, HUGH T. 
*BUTLER, CHARLES F. 



BUTLER, WALTER 

BOYESON, INGOLF K. 

CAMPBELL, GEORGE C. 

CARTER, LESLIE 

CARUTHERS, MALCOM 

CATON, ARTHUR J. 

CHANDLER, GEORGE 
*CHASE, HIRAM M. 
*CLARKSON, JOSEPH P. 

COLLINS, HOLDRIDGE O. 

COMSTOCK, EDWARD F. 

CONDEE, LEANDER D. 

COOK, BURTON C. 

COOPER, JOHN S. 

CRAWFORD, FRANK J. 

CULVER, W. IRVING 

DE LANY, MARTIN A. 

DENNISON, FRANKLIN- 
DENT, THOMAS 

DEXTER, WIRT 
fDicKEY, T. LYLE, 

DOOLITTLE, JAMES R., JR. 

DUPEE, CHARLES A. 

DURKEE, RICHARD P. H. 

ENGLISH, WILLIAM J. 

EVERETT, WM. S. 

EWING, ADLAI T. 

FLOWER, JAMES M. 

FOLLANSBEE, GEORGE A. 

FREEMAN, HENRY V. 
FROST, THOMAS G. 
FULLER, MELVILLE W. 
FCRNESS, WM. ELIOT 
FRY, GEORGE C. 
GALT, AZARIAH T. 
GARDNER, GEORGE 
GARY, ELBERT H. 



Deceased. 



tElected Judge Supreme Court. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS OF 



GARY, NOAH E. 

GLOVER, JOSEPH O. 

GOGGIN, JAMES 

GOODRICH, GRANT 

GOODWIN, STEPHEN A. 

GOUDY, WILLIAM C. 

GRANT, WILLIAM C. 

GREGORY, CHAS. A. 

GRIDLEY, NELSON C. 

GROVER, THOMAS W. 

HALL, WINCHESTER 

HARDIN, MARTIN D. 

HARDING, GEORGE F. 

HARDY, CHARLES M. 

HAWES, KIRK 

HERBERT, GEORGE 

HERRICK, JOHN J. 

HERVEY, ROBERT 

HIGH, JAMES L. 

HITCHCOCK, CHARLES 

HODGES, LATHROP S. 
*HOPKINS, WILLIAM 

HORTON, OLIVER H. 

HOYNE, THOMAS 

HOYNE, THOMAS M. 

HURD, HARVEY B. 

HUTCHINSON, OTIS K. A. 

IDE, GEORGE O. 

I SHAM, EDWARD S. 

JACKSON, DWIGHT W. 

JACKSON, HUNTINGTON W. 

JENKINS, ROUT. E. 

JENKS, ANSON B. 

JEWETT, JOHN N. 

JOHNSON, FRANK A. 

JOHNSTON, JOHN, JR. 

JUDAH, NOBLE B. 

JUDD, S. CORNING 

KALES, FRANCIS H. 

KING, JOHN LYLE 

KING, WM. H. 
(KNICKERBOCKER, JOSHUA C. 



KNICKERBOCKER, JOHN J. 
KNIGHT, CLARENCE 
KRETZINGER, GEORGE W. 
KOHLSAAT, CHRISTIAN C. 
LACKNER, FRANCIS 
LARNED, EDWIN C. 
LARXED, WALTER C. 
LAWRENCE, CHAS. B. 
LAWRENCE, CHAS. H. 
LEAKE, JOSEPH B. 
LEMAN, HENRY W. 
LEWIS, MARTIN O. 
LINCOLN, ROBT. T. 
*LOCKWOOD, JOSEPH E. 
LUFF, WM. M. 
LYMAN, DAVID B. 
MAGRUDER, BENJAMIN D. 
MARSH, JOHN W. 
MASON, ALFRED B. 
MASON, EDWARD G. 
MASON, HENRY B. 
McCAGG, EZRA B. 

McCLELLAN, JOHN J. 

MCCLELLAND, THOMAS S. 
McCoY, ALEXANDER 
MCKINDLEY, WM. M. 
MILLER, HENRY G. 
MONROE, HENRY S. 
MONTGOMERY, WM. A. 
MORAN, THOMAS A. 
MORRIS, JOHN 
MOSES, ADOLPH 
MURRAY, JAMES S. 
NISSEN, LAWRENCE J. J. 
NORTON, JAMES S. 
NOYES, JOHN T. 
OLESON, INGWELL 
OTIS, EPHRAIM A. 
PACKARD, FREDERICK W. 
PACKARD, SAMUEL W. 
PADDOCK, GEORGE L. 
PAGE, WILLIAM R. 



* Deceased. 



t Elected Judge of Probate Court. 



THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION. 



PALMER, Louis L. 
PENCE, ABRAM M. 
POPE, CHAS. E. 
PROUDFOOT, LAWRENCE 
QUICK, JOHN II. S. 
QUIGG, DAVID 
REED, CHAS. II . 
RUBENS, HARRY , 
RICABY, RICHARD W. 
RICHBERG, JOHN C. 
RIDDLE, FRANCIS A. 
ROBERTS, JAMES H. 
ROBERTS, R. BIDDLE 
ROBINSON MICHAEL W. 
ROSENTHAL, JULIUS 
ROUNDTREE, JOHN M. 
RYERSON, ARTHUR 
SCHINTZ, THEODORE 
SCHUYLER, DANIEL J. 
SCOTT, IRA 
SEARS, NATHANIEL C. 
SHELDON, HENRY I. 
SHERMAN, ELIJAH B. 
SKINNER, ORRIN 
SLEEPER, JOSEPH A. 
SMALL, EDWARD A. 
SMITH, ABNER 
SMITH, GEORGE W. 
SMITH, JOSEPH E. 
SMITH, ROBERT W. 
SNOWHOOK, WM. B. 
STEIN, PHILLIP 
STILES, ISRAEL N. 
STRONG, HENRY 
STURGES, CHAS. M. 



SWETT, LEONARD 
SWIFT, WM. H. 
THOMPSON, JOHN L. 
TOWLE, HENRY S. 
TOWNE, CHAS. E. 
TRIPP, ARNOLD 
TRUMBULL, LYMAN 
TRUMBULL, PERRY 
TULEY, MURRAY F. 
TUTIIILL, RICHARD S. 
ULLMANN, FREDERIC 
*UPTON, CLARK W. 
VAN SCHAACK, CORNELIUS 
VEEDER, ALBERT H. 
VOCKE, WILLIAM 
WAITE, HORACE F. 
WAITE, HORATIO L. 
WALKER, EDWIN 
WALKER, JAMES M. 
WALLER, HENRY 
WASHBURNE, HEMPSTEAD 
WATERMAN, AREA N. 
WATERMAN, RICHARD 
WHITE, HUGH A. 
WHITEHOUSE, WM. F. 
WHITESIDE, THOMAS C. 
WHITON, HENRY K. 
WILKINSON, IRA O. 
W T ILLARD, GEORGE 
WILLIAMS, NORMAN 
WILSON, BENJAMIN M. 
WILSON, ISAAC G. 
WILSON, JOHN P. 
WINSTON, FREDERICK S. 
WITHROW, THOMAS F. 



* Elected Judge of Circuit Court of Lake County. 



REPORT 



REVENUE SYSTEM 



i LLINOI s 



HON. ELLIOTT ANTHONY. 



(CHICAGO B AR ASSOCIATION. 



At a regular meeting of The Chicago Bar Association 
held March 1, 1879, the Hon. Elliott Anthony presented 
a report from a special committee of the Association, 
which had been appointed to investigate the Revenue 
System and Revenue Laws of Illinois, which was unani- 
mously adopted, and five hundred copies were ordered to 
be printed and a copy of the same to be sent to each 
member of the General Assembly and State officers. 

Hon. Wm. C. Goudy then offered the following pre- 
amble and resolution which was adopted : 

WHEREAS, there is great dissatisfaction with the present Revenue laws 
and a general demand for a complete revision, and, while the ability of the 
members of the legislature to supply proper relief is fully admitted, yet the 
pressure of public duties is too great to allow a mature consideration of the 
subject in the brief time usually given for a session, 

Resolved, That a commission ought to be appointed, composed of men of 
experience from all classes of tax-payers, to prepare a complete system, to 
be submitted to an adjourned session of the legislature. 

In accordance with the direction of the Association, 
the Secretary has the honor to transmit herewith to 
the members of the Legislature of Illinois a copy of the 
report of Mr. Anthony, and the action of the Associa- 
tion thereon. 

Very respectfully, 

HOLDRIDGE O. COLLINS, 
Secretary, 



The Special Committee of the Bar Association, which 
was appointed to investigate the Revenue System of this 
State, and to report the results of their investigation to 
this Association, beg leave to report : 



That the Revenue System of the State of Illinois, is 
substantially the one which has been in force since the 
State was admitted into the Union in 1818. The system 
was first incorporated into the constitution of 1848, and 
was perpetuated in that of 1870. The great central idea 
of the system is, that " taxes shall be levied by valuation, 
44 so that every person and corporation shall pay a tax in 
44 proportion to the value of his, her, or its property, such 
44 value to be ascertained by some person or persons to be 
44 elected or appointed in such manner as the General 
44 Assembly shall direct, and not otherwise." Sec. 1, 
Art. IX, of the Constitution. 

This idea of levying taxes according to valuation, is 
supplemented by that of equality and uniformity, and 
applies equally to personal as well as real property. 

This system would, at first blush, seem to be based upon 
correct principles, and ought to result in each and every 
citizen of the commonwealth paying his proportionate 
share ot the public burdens ; but experience shows that 
the distribution of taxes according to valuation seldom 
produces either equality or uniformity, and often works 
the greatest injustice, first: because the agents employed 
to determine the value of property in different localities 
either evade their duty for the purpose of throwing the 
burden of taxation upon communities other than their 
own, or because they are incompetent ; and secondly : 
because the taxes which are laid upon personal property 



are seldom collected, and in the end, all the taxes that are 
lost or uncollected are saddled upon the real estate. In- 
deed, as has been well said, " the great load of taxation is 
packed upon real estate. There is 

NO HIDING PLACE 

for this, no deduction on account of veal estate debts, no 
government bonds, no greenbacks or national currency in 
hand, can cover it up until the assessors have passed by. 
Real estate is always visible, and tangible, and so are the 
structures thereon. Its earnings are not divided by semi.- 
annual dividends of three, five, six, or eight per cent., or 
two and a half quarterly free of all taxes." 

Everywhere under the system of levying taxes accord- 
ing to the valuation of property, real and personal, real 
estate suffers. In the State of New York they have a sys- 
tem of taxation, somewhat similar to our own, and almost 
every Comptroller of that State, since 18-19, up to the 
present time, has called attention to the discrimination in 
favor of personal property as against real estate. 

In 1864, the Comptroller used this language : " It is 
"difficult to discover any valid reason why personal prop- 
" erty should enjoy the exemption that it does. It requires 
" to a far greater extent than real estate, the protection 
" of government and law, and causes much the largest 
" expense for police arrangement, and the administration 
" of justice. Why should it not pay its full share of such 
" expense ? " 

In 1877, the State assessors of that State, in their report 
for that year, use this language : " In the city of Roches- 
" ter, in 1876, the real estate was assessed at its full value, 
"$53,395,997, and personal property only $1,970,500. 
" The capital of the national banks in Rochester is, 
" $1,150,000, and there is other incorporated capital in the 
" city subject to taxation. Now, deduct the capital of the 
" banks from the assessed value of the personal property, 



"and we have $825,000, for a city of 81,000 population, a 
44 fraction over $10 per capita. This is not the value of 
"the bedsteads and beds upon which the people of that city 
44 sleep. No other illustration, its seems to us, is necessa- 
44 ry to show how almost hopeless it is to assess personal 
44 property liable to taxation, without some amendment of 
44 the law, and without so framing the oath (as we recom- 
44 mended in our last report) of any tax payer before any 
44 assessor or tax-commissioner, 4 that he has not made any 
44 debt or incurred any liabilities, or changed any security 
44 or investment, or done anything for the purpose of 
"avoiding taxation,' and authorize the assessors to add 

A PENALTY 

44 of fifty per cent to the valuation of any person attempt- 
44 ing to avoid taxation." 



II. 



The General Revenue Law of this State, was designed 
to reach every species of property, and to allow nothing in 
the shape of property to escape, whether real, personal or 
mixed, and whether tangible or intangible, and whether 
in esse, in posse, or in transitu. It is in many respects 
harsh and oppressive, and is destitute of every benign 
feature which characterizes the various Revenue Laws of 
other civilized States. It is not favorable to manufactur- 
ing corporations, and punishes with severe penalties all 
wealth which may be added to the soil. It works great 
hardship to the owner of unimproved and unproductive 
lands, because if the assessor places even a moderate val- 
uation upon the same, he will be sacrificed, unless he 
possesses resources entirely outside of them, to meet the 
demands made upon him. The great defect of our system 



of taxation, is that it imposes taxes upon real and personal 
property only, and takes no account whatever of all other 
sources of revenue. In this respect we ignore the experi- 
ence of all countries and all nations who pretend to any 
degree of enlightenment upon this subject. If a business 
tax, or tax upon occupations, together with a graded 
license system could be introduced in this State, the same 
as exists in England, especially to raise a revenue to sup- 
port and maintain local and municipal governments, then 
the burdens of the citizen would be far more equally dis- 
tributed than at present, results from the >tdministration 
of our tax laws. Some doubts have been expressed as to 
whether a license system of this nature could be introduced 
in this State, and which could be extended to every kind 
of business or occupation now legally pursued ; but our 
Supreme Court has already decided the broad principle 
that the power to tax includes the power to license, and 
we are in favor of trying it. 

Town of Carmel v. Wabash Co., 50 111. 71. 

See also Wiggins v. City of Chicago, 68 111. 379. 

We must discover other sources of revenue, or else real 
estate, and especially 

UNPRODUCTIVE REAL ESTATE, 

will be confiscated every ten years, and the tenure of the 
same become more uncertain than when the vassal under 
the Feudal system, held at the will of his lord. 



III. 



No mercy is shown to the widow, who has had cast 
upon her by death an interest in the lands of her hus- 
band, but she must pay taxes upon the full value of the 
land, or she will be guilty of permissive waste, although 



6 

she has only a right of possession, and the reversion is in 
the heirs of her deceased husband. There are numbers 
of widows in this State to-day, who under the obligations 
imposed upon them by the 45th section of the dower act 
and the workings of the Revenue Law have been utterly 
ruined. All unproductive real estate of orphans is sure 
to be sacrificed unless they are left with ready cash to pay 
taxes. In Massachusetts it is provided by statute that 
" any portion of the estate of persons who, by reason of 
age, infirmity, or poverty, are, in the judgment of the 
assessors, unable to contribute fully toward the public 
charges, may be exempt from taxation." In other States 
a portion of property subject to execution is exempt, but 
in this State there is no exemption of real or personal 
property owned by an individual whatever, and not one 
beneficent provision to relieve the burdens of either the 
rich or poor. 



IV. 

In the older governments of Europe it has long 
since been demonstrated that to place all of the burdens 
upon real estate, without regard to the rental value, is 
wrong and unjust, and has long since been abandoned. 
There the system of licensing corporations, associations, 
and taxes on trades, and all sorts of business and pro- 
fessions, and income taxes, and stamp duties more uni- 
versally prevails than in this country ; but here the reve- 
nues of the State and municipal governments are raised 
in an entirely different manner, and with the exception of 
a limited license system, taxation is confined almost 
wholly to real estate and personal property. Pennsyl- 
vania is an example of the workings of a mixed system 
of licensing, income taxes, taxes on dividends, and taxes 
on emoluments of office and different classes of business. 



Most of the general revenues of that State are, however, 
raised from the licensing of railroads and other corpora- 
tions, and taxes on the dividends and incomes of corpora- 
tions. So much has been said in regard to 

THE PENNSYLVANIA REVENUE SYSTEM, 

that we have taken special pains to inquire into it, and 
we can not do better than to quote from the report of 
Hon. David Wells, Dodge, and Cuyler, commissioners 
appointed to investigate and report upon a revenue sys- 
tem of New York in 1871. In referring to Pennsylvania, 
they say that : The revenue of the State for State pur- 
poses is derived mainly from the following sources: 1. 
A tax of one-half of one mill on each one per cent of all 
dividends which may be declared by the corporations of 
the State, except banks, savings institutions, and foreign 
insurance companies ; and in case that no dividends are 
declared, then a tax of three mills on the valuation of the 
stock. Building associations, plankroad and turnpike 
companies are not liable to any tax, where no dividends 
are declared. The receipts to the State treasury from 
this source, for the year 1869, constituted the largest 
single item of the State revenue, and amounted to 
$1,037,172. 2. Taxes on tonnage carried over the lines 
of the various transportation companies operating exclu- 
sively within the State, viz. : two cents on the product of 
mines, three on the product of forest and agriculture, and 
five on manufactures and general merchandise. The 
receipts from this source, for the year 1869, and certain 
commutations of the same, amounted to $659,900. 3. 
Taxes on personal property, which are made up mainly 
of the following items: Money at interest, furniture, 
horses and cattle, three-tenths of one per cent. ; pleasure 
carriages, one per cent. ; gold watches, one dollar ; silver 
watches, seventy-five cents ; other watches, fifty cents. 
The inconsiderable nature of these taxes may be inferred 



8 

from the circumstance that the whole revenue derived 
from the same, for the year 1869, was -1454,873. 4. A 
tax of three-fourths of one per cent, on the gross receipts 
of every transportation company of the State liable to 
the payment of a tonnage tax. The income from this 
source, in 1869, was $373,420. 5. A tax of five per cent. 
on every dollar of interest paid by the corporations of the 
State to its bondholders or creditors ; in lieu of which 
the principal sums from the interest of which the said 
tax is deducted, are 

EXEMPT FROM ASSESSMENT 

and taxation for State purposes, as personal property. 
The revenue from this source, for 1869, was $340,816. 6. 
A tax of three per cent, on the annual net earnings of 
every private banker, broker, incorporated banking and 
savings institution, express company, and all other corpo- 
rations of the State, except those paying a tonnage tax, 
incorporated banks and insurance companies. The reve- 
nue from this source, for 1869, was $310,895. 7. A 
license tax of five hundred dollars per annum on every 
foreign insurance company doing business in the State ; 
and a tax of three per cent, on the entire amount of the 
premiums or commissions received. The receipts from 
this source, for 1869, were $226,226. 8. Taxes on the 
enrollment of laws, by which it is to be understood a 
taxation imposed on the enrollment of all acts of the 
Legislature passed for the benefit of private parties, the 
same varying from $1,000 on the incorporation of banks 
with a capital of $1,000,000 ; two hundred dollars on the 
incorporation of manufacturing, mining, or oil companies, 
and one hundred dollars on transportation companies : 
down to thirty-seven dollars for acts of divoice and mis- 
cellaneous private bills for claims, relief, etc. The reve- 
nue from this source, for the year 1869, was $21,000. 9. 
Taxes on the emoluments of offices, by which is to be 



9 

understood a tax of two per cent, on so much of the 
salary or emolument of offices of the State, or corpora- 
tions created by the State, as is in excess of two hundred 
dollars. The revenues from this source, for 1869, were 
$16,644. 10. Retailers' licenses, $422,273. 11. Tavern 
licenses, $289,555. 12. Other licenses, i. e., amusements, 
peddlers, restaurants, etc., $69,800. 13. Taxes on collat- 
eral inheritances, $227,328. 14. Taxes on wills, writs, 
and deeds, $99,000. 15. Auction duties and commissions, 
$72,000 ; the sum total of State revenue, for the year 
1869, from the above and a few other 

MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES, 

being $5,096,679 ; as compared with $8,138,000, the State 
revenue of New York from taxes for the corresponding 
period ; or in respect to population, $186 7-10 per capita 
in Pennsylvania, as compared with $186 2-10 per capita 
in New York." 

Since that report was made, we understand that a tax 
of four cents per ton has been imposed upon all anthra- 
cite coal, carried from any point within to any point with- 
out that State in lieu of a tax on tonnage, which had 
been declared unconstitutional. This applies only to 
anthracite coal, of which they have a monopoly, and is 
paid, of course, eventually, by the consumer. If the 
Pennsylvania system should be applied to our railroad 
corporations, and they were to pay a graded tax, in lieu 
of all other taxes and assessments, the entire State taxes 
would soon be met, and each municipal corporation would 
then have to look after its own burdens and taxes. But 
there is one thing that is very conspicuous in the State of 
Pennsylvania, and that is the liberality with which it 
treats manufacturing corporations. Their capital and 
their products are scarcely touched by the hand of the 
tax gatherer. If a similar liberal policy could be inaugu- 
rated in this State, it would be of the greatest benefit to 



10 

the whole people in furnishing home markets to the 
farmer and producer. 

We think that far greater fees should be charged by the 
State for authorizing the formation of corporations for 
pecuniary profit, and for corporations doing business in 
other States or Territories, and for allowing foreign cor- 
porations to do business in this State than is now required. 



V. 



If the present system shall be retained, it should be 
amended in several important particulars. We see no 
good whatever of valuing the entire real estate of the 
State every year. Real estate does not change as a gen- 
eral thing, but very little from year to year, and we are of 
the opinion that a valuation should not take place but 
once in every five years. It would be a great saving to 
the people, and produce just as good results as under the 
present system. This has been the law in Ohio arid Vir- 
ginia for many years. 



VI. 



We are of the opinion that a commissioner of taxes 
should be elected for the period of four years in every 
county in the State, who should have charge of the assess- 
ment of all property, and that personal property should be 
assessed annually, and collected as soon as the tax is laid. 
Forty per cent, of all the personal property of the State 
escapes taxation, by evasions, false returns, and no returns, 



11 

and then a large percentage of the taxes which are levied 
upon the same is lost by 

DELAY IN COLLECTION, 

by the death of the owners, by misfortunes, by failures 
in business and removal. 



VII. 



We think that there is at the present time altogether 
too much machinery made use of in levying and collect- 
ing taxes, and that a great burden is imposed upon the 
people for the books of assessors and collectors, and adver- 
tising delinquent lists, and in obtaining judgment against 
real estate. In this county we have ascertained that the 
number of books now on hand is yearly augmented as fol- 
lows : Assessors' books, 117, containing 150 pages each ; 
Collectors' warrants, 120, containing 175 pages each ; 
Town Collectors' delinquent return, 40, containing 300 
pages each ; County Collectors' delinquent return, 47, 
containing 300 pages each ; judgment records, 47, con- 
taining 300 pages each ; sale records, 39, containing 275 
pages each ; error and abatement, 20, containing 400 pages 
each ; making in all 430 volumes, which are added every 
year. The cost of Assessors' books is at least $1,000 
yearly ; books of Collectors' warrants, $14,960 yearly ; 
books of Town Collectors' delinquent list, $4,500 yearly : 
books of County Collectors' delinquent list, $4,500 year- 
ly ; judgment record, $4,300 yearly ; sale record, $4,300 
yearly ; making in all $33,560, and the average cost 
of publishing the delinquent list and notice of sale is 
from thirty-five to forty thousand dollars a year more. 
This vast expenditure should be saved, and we know 
of no earthly reason why this thing should be continued 



12 

for a single day. Our State is about the only one 
which collects taxes by resorting to a court and obtain- 
ing judgment against the land, and as long as this 
continues, we are of the opinion that a simple notice, by 
the Collector to all delinquents, that he will on a certain 
day apply to the court for judgment against all lands 
upon which the taxes and assessments remain unpaid, 
will be just as effective for all purposes, as to publish an- 
nually a list of all the lands throughout the State. It 
amounts to nothing, and the only persons benefited by it 
are the printers. 



VIII. 

The people of this State are not suffering so much at 
the present time from the burdens of State taxation as 
they are from that of counties, cities, villages, school 
boards, and park boards. That we have been able to 
withstand the burdens of National, State, and the various 

LOCAL AND MUNICIPAL CORPORATION TAXES 

for the last ten years and live is one of the marvels of the 
age. We have altogether too many taxing boards and 
officers clothed with the sovereign powers of the State 
for the public good and the good of mankind. Few men 
now living seem to know the value of a dollar, and fewer 
still know the trials which honest men have to undergo to 
obtain it. In many of the cities and suburban towns in 
this State, taxation has in many instances resulted in the 
utter confiscation of large quantities of real estate, and yet 
no power short of Omnipotence seems able to restrain the 
authorities that control them. Neither the example of 
Memphis or old Thebes seems to have any effect on them. 



13 



PAY AS YOU GO. 

The only policy for the people of this State to adopt is 
to " pay as you go." It was the rule of our ancestors, 
and if only once adopted here and sternly followed out 
and made applicable to every town, city, village, and 
school district in the State, would result in repressing 
recklessness and extravagance and redound greatly to the 
credit of our State. 



IX. 



The Legislature should, in order to save tax-payers 
from plunder, set bounds to the rate of taxation in every 
single instance, and then hold the officers of each county, 
city, village-school district and park board, accountable for 
their acts and doings. They should be compelled to make an 
annual report to some officer to be designated by law, show- 
ing how much money they had appropriated, the amount of 
taxes and assessments which had been levied, how much 
collected, how appropriated, etc.; in short, they should 
account for each and every dollar that comes into their 
hands. If such a report as this could be made yearly to 
some officer who should have charge of the matter, and 
with power to make inquiries into every detail and then 
have the same published the people would then know 
what had become of their money, and it would induce 
habits of greater economy and a more careful expendi- 
ture of public moneys than at present exists in this 
country. If this were done it would the better enable 
the people to exercise a surveillance over their servants 
than they do now. Now there exists 

NO CENTRAL OFFICE, 

where the requisite information can be obtained in regard 



H 

to municipal debts and municipal expenditures, and the 
people are all the time in ignorance as to the extent of the 
burdens which are imposed in the aggregate upon the peo- 
ple of the State. 



X. 



In the State of New York they have three State 
Assessors who devote their time and attention to the sub- 
ject of taxation and the equalization of the values, and 
we are informed that they have been the means of effect- 
ing many reforms and of equalizing the burdens of taxa- 
tion to a considerable degree. These might, with profit, 
take the place of the present Board of Equalization, or 
the present board might be done away with and the Gov- 
ernor, Auditor and Secretary of State substituted in their 
place. 



XI. 



" The interests of the people require a method of 
taxation at once equitable, effective and free from unnec- 
essary oppression ; one which will yield the requisite rev- 
enue while subjecting them as little as possible to inquis- 
itorial vexation, and which shall be attended with the 
least expense for official services, and afford the fewest 
temptations to fraud, concealment and evasion." To de- 
vise such a system is a work of time, and can only be ac- 
complished by experts, or by those who are thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the practical workings of tax laws in all 
their length, breadth and complexity. It is impossible 
for any legislator, or any man who has not made a 
specialty of taxation and of political economy, and of 



15 

financial and social questions, to elaborate and perfect a 
revenue system for a State like ours, which will produce 
equality and uniformity in taxation, during any session 
of the Legislature. The most that anybody can do with- 
out revising the whole system is to engage in patchwork. 
What is essential is that facts and the materials of infor- 
mation shall be first collected, the condition and exper- 
ience of other countries be investigated and compared 
with our own, and then when all the sources of informa- 
tion have been exhausted, that the results shall be laid 
before the people, whose interests are to be affected, and 
laws can be passed which will more equally distribute the 
burdens of the State and of our local municipal corpora- 
tions among all classes than is at the present time effected 
by our laws. 

ELLIOTT ANTHONY, 

Chairman of the Sub- Committee Chicago Bar Association. 



o 




** t @ #* 



February 7, 1880, the following Amendment to Article 
VII of the By-Laws was adopted. 

"The admission fee shall in all cases, be ten 
dollars, to be paid on signing the roll of mem- 
bers, and no member shall be subject to annual 
dues, during the current year of his admission. 

0. 



Secretary. 




Nostra Eurbimur 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 

OF 

C HICAGO B AR A SSOCIATION 

FOR 1880. 



President : 
I. N. STILES. 

Vice- Presidents : 
MELVILLE W. FULLER. JOHN S. COOPER. 

Board of Managers : 

JAMES L. HIGH. WIRT DEXTER. 

ADOLPH MOSES. JOHN N. JEWETT. 

GEORGE W. SMITH. WILLIAM H. KING. 

ROBERT T. LINCOLN. GEORGE E. ADAMS. 

S. CORNING JUDD. 

Secretary : 
HOLDRIDGE O. COLLINS. 

Treasurer : 
FARLIN Q. BALL. 

Committee on Admission: 

W. IRVING CULVER. GEORGE GARDNER. 

IRA O. WILKINSON. FRANK J. CRAWFORD. 

JOSEPH E. SMITH. JAMES B. BRADWELL. 

EDWIN WALKER. JAMES R. DOOL1TTLE, JR 

FRANCIS W. S. BRAWLEY. 

Standing Committees : 

ON AMENDMENT OF THE LAW: JUDICIARY: 

ELLIOTT ANTHONY. FRANCIS H. KALES. 

WILLIAM R. PAGE. GEORGE F. HARDING. 

EDWIN BRAINARD. WILLIAM P. BLACK. 

BENJAMIN M. WILSON. GEORGE F. BAILEY. 

MARTIN A. DELANY. JOHN J. HERRICK. 

ON GRIEVANCES : ON LEGAL EDUCATION : 

.| 

HENRY STRONG. CHARLES C. BONNEY. 

ROSWELL B. BACON. WILLIAM F. WH1TEHOUSE. 

AREA N. WATERMAN. LOUIS L. PALMER. 

LESLIE CARTER. NOBLE B. JUDA1I. 

INGOLF K. BOYESON. WILLIAM S. BRACKETT. 

OF INQUIRY : 

JOHN LYLE KING. ADOLPH MOSES. 

RICHARD S. TUTHILL. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 



ABERCROMBIE. OTIS P. 
*ADAMS, CHARLES T. 

ADAMS, GEORGE E. 

AHRENS, JOHN P. 

ALOIS, OWEN F. 

ALLEN, CHARLES L. 

ALLEN, EGBERT F. 

ANTHONY, ELLIOTT. 

AVERY, DANIEL I. 

AYER. BENJAMIN F. 

BACON, ROSWELL B. 

BAKER, FRANK. 

BAILEY, GEORGE F. 

BALL, FARLIN Q. 

BARBER, HIRAM. 

BARKER. JOHN C. 
SBARNUM. WM. H. 

BENNETT, JOHN I. 

BISBEE, LEWIS H. 

BISHOP, HENRY W. 

BLACK, WILLIAM P. 

BLACKMAN, DANIEL. 

BLANKE, GEORGE F. 

BOND, LESTER L. 

BONNEY, CHAS. C. 

BORDEN, JOHN. 

BOUTELL, LEWIS H. 

BOYCE. FRANK L. 

BOYESON. IXGOLF K. 

BRACKETT. WM. S. 

BRADLEY, FOKDYCE G. 

BRADWELL, JAS. B. 

BRA1NARD. EDWIN. 

BRAWLEY, FRANCIS W. S. 

BROWN, EDWARD O. 

BROWN, STEPHEN F. 

BURCH. HUGH T. 
*BUTLER, CHARLES F. 

BUTLER, WALTER. 

CARTER, LESLIE. 

CARUTHERS, MALCOM. 

CATON, ARTHUR J. 

CHANDLER, GEORGE. 
"CHASE, HIRAM M. 
*CLARKSOX, JOSEPH P. 

CLARKSON, JOSEPH R. 

COBURN, LEWIS L. 

COLLINS, HOLDRIDGE O. 

COMSTOCK, EDWARD F. 

CONDEE, LEANDER D. 

COOK. BURTON C. 

COOPER, JOHN S. 

CRAWFORD, FRANK J. 

CULVER. W. IRVING. 

DE LANY, MARTIN A. 

DENNISON. FRANKLIN. 

DENT, THOMAS. 

DEXTER, WIRT. 
tDICKEY. T. LYLE. 

DOOLITTLE, JAMES R., JR. 

DUPEE, CHARLES A. 

ENGLISH, WILLIAM J. 



EVERETT, WM. S. 

EWING. ADLAI T. 

FLOWER. JAMES M. 

FOLLANSBEE, GEORGE A. 

FREEMAN, HENRY V 

FROST, THOMAS G. 

FULLER, MELVILLE W. 

FURNESS, WM. ELIOT. 

FRY. GEORGE C. 

GALT, AZARIAH T. 

GARDNER. GEORGE. 

GARY, ELBERT H. 

GARY, NOAH E. 

GLOVER, JOSEPH O. 

GOGGIN, JAMES. 

GOODRICH, GRANT. 
*GOODWIN, STEPHEN A. 

GOUDY, WILLIAM C. 

GRANT, WILLIAM C. 

GREGORY, CHAS. A. 

GRIDLEY. NELSON C. 

GROVER, THOMAS W. 

HALL, WINCHESTER. 

HARDIN, MARTIN D. 

HARDING, GEORGE F. 

HARDY, CHARLES M. 

HAWES, KIRK. 

HERBERT, GEORGE. 

HERRICK, JOHN J. 

HERYEY, ROBERT. 

HIGH, JAMES L. 

HITCHCOCK, CHARLES. 

HODGES, LATHROP S. 
*HOPKINS, WILLIAM. 

HORTON, OLIVER H. 

HOYNE, THOMAS. 

HOYNE, THOMAS M. 

KURD, HARVEY B. 

HUTCHINSON, OTIS K. A. 

IDE, GEORGE O. 

ISHAM, EDWARD S. 

JACKSON, DWIGHT W. 

JACKSON, HUNTINGTON W. 

JENKINS, ROBT. E. 

JENKS, ANSON B. 

JEWETT. JOHN N. 

JOHNSON, FRANK A. 

JOHNSTON, JOHN, JK. 

JUDAH, NOBLE B. 

IUDD, S. CORNING. 

KALES, FRANCIS H. 

KING, JOHN LYLE, 

KING, WM. H. 
^KNICKERBOCKER. JOSHUA C. 

KNICKERBOCKER, JOHN J. 

KNIGHT, CLARENCE. 

KRETZINGER, GEORGE W. 

KOHLSAAT, CHRISTIAN C. 

LACKNER, FRANCIS. 

LEAKE, JOSEPH B. 

LEMAN, "HENRY W. 

LEWIS, MARTIN O. 



*Deceased. tElected Judge Supreme Court. 

^Elected Judge Circuit Court Cook County. 
JElected Judge Probate Court Cook County. 



LINCOLN. ROBT. T. 
LOCKWOOD. JOSEPH E. 
LUNT. HORACE G. 
LYMAN, DAVID B. 
MAGRUDER, BENJAMIN D. 
MARSH, JOHN W. 
MASON, ALFRED B. 
MASON, EDWARD G. 
MASON, HENRY B. 
MATTHEWS, HENRY M. 
McCLELLAN, JOHN J. 

MCCLELLAND, THOMAS s. 

McCOY. ALEXANDER, 

McDAID, HENRY O. 

McKINDLEY, WM. M. 

MILLER. HENRY G. 

MONROE, HENRY S. 

MONTGOMERY, WM. A. 
$MORAN, THOMAS A. 

MORRIS, JOHN. 

MOSES, ADOLPH. 

MURRAY. JAMES S. 

NISSEN. LAWRENCE J. J. 

NORTON, JAMES S. 

NOYES, JOHN T. 
OLESON, INGWELL. 

OTIS, EPHRAIM A. 

PACKARD, FREDERICK W. 

PACKARD. SAMUEL W. 

PAGE, WILLIAM R. 

PALMER, LOUIS L. 

PENCE, ABRAM M. 

POPE, CHAS. E. 

PROUDFOOT, LAWRENCE. 

QUICK, JOHN H. S. 

QUIGG, DAVID. 

REED, CHAS. H. 

RUBENS, HARRY. 

RICABY, RICHARD W. 

RICHBERG. JOHN C. 

RIDDLE, FRANCIS A. 

ROBERTS, JAMES H. 

ROBERTS. R. BIDDLE. 

ROBINSON. MICHAEL W. 

ROSENTHAL, JULIUS. 

ROUNTREE, JOHN M. 

SCHINTZ. THEODORE. 

SCHUYLER, DANIEL J. 

SCOTT, IRA. 

SEARS. NATHANIEL C. 



SHELDON, HENRY I. 

SHERMAN, ELIJAH B. 

SKINNER, ORRIN. 

SLEEPER, JOSEPH A. 

SMALL, EDWARD A. 

SMITH, ABNER. 

SMITH, GEORGE W. 

SMITH, JOSEPH E. 

SMITH, ROBERT W. 

SNOWHOOK, WM. B. 

STEIN, PHILLIP. 

STILES. ISRAEL N. 

STRONG, HENRY. 

STURGES. CHAS. M. 

SWETT, LEONARD. 

SWIFT, WM. H. 

THOMPSON, JOHN H. 

THOMPSON, JOHN L. 

TOWLE, HENRY S. 

TOWNE, CHAS. E. 

TRIPP. ARNOLD. 

TRUMBULL, LYMAN. 

TRUMBULL. PERRY. 
JTULEY. MURRAY F. 

TUTHILL, RICHARD S. 

ULLMANN, FREDERIC. 
iUPTON, CL^RK W. 

VAN SCHAACK, CORNELIUS. 

VEEDER, ALBERT H. 

VOCKE, WILLIAM. 

WAITE, HORACE F. 

WAITE. HORATIO L. 

WALKER, EDWIN. 

WALKER, JAMES M. 

WALLER. HENRY. 

WASHBURNE, HEMPSTEAD. 

WATERMAN, AREA N. 

WATERMAN, RICHARD. 

WHITE, HUGH A. 

WHITEHOUSE, WM. F. 

WHITESIDE, THOMAS C. 

WHITON, HENRY K. 

WILKINSON, IRA O. 

WILLARD, GEORGE. 

WILLIAMS, NORMAN. 

WILSON, BENJAMIN M. 

WILSON, ISAAC G. 

WILSON. JOHN P. 

WINSTON, FREDERICK S. 

WITHROW, THOMAS F. 



* Deceased. 



Elected Judge Circuit Court Cook County. 
^Elected Judge Circuit Court Lake County. 




Donnelley, OuMtt* A I-oyd, Printers. 



KF 

33^ 

C52- 






^v \\