THE CHANNEL ISLANDS:
pstorital anit f tgtnkrjr
THE CHAMEL ISLANDS:
istcrital anb fegtnhrjr
C. J. METCALFE, JUNR.
SIMPKIN, MAKSHALL, AND CO.
SOUTHAMPTON: FORBES AND MARSHALL.
GUERNSEY : HENRY REDSTONE.
THE Channel Islands, whether we consider the salubrity
of their climate, the varied beauties of their scenery,
the fertility of their soil, or the important part they
have sustained in the history of our country, deserve
a better acquaintance, and a higher appreciation, than
from their isolated position they have hitherto enjoyed.
Although the first authentic mention of them appears
to be in Csesar's Commentaries, Book VI., as a place of
refuge for a General, and his partizans, who fled from
the neighbouring coast of Gaul, yet the remains of
undoubtedly Celtic origin, both in coins, and in the
temples for religious worship, sufficiently attest their
colonization at a much earlier period.
Under Octavius Caesar, Gaul was divided into pro-
vinces, and Normandy subdivided into presidencies, and
V i PREFACE.
these, with the inhabitants of the Islands lying near them,
were known in Celtic Gaul under the name of " The
League of the Eleven Cities." In the reign of Ludo-
vicus Pius, son of Charlemagne, about A.D. 837, a series
of incursions on the west coast of France commenced,
which continued without intermission during a period
of nearly eighty years, when a treaty was concluded,
A.D. 912, by Charles the Simple, with Rollo their chief-
tain, by which Charles gave him his daughter in mar-
riage, and ceded to him Normandy and the Channel
Islands, as a fief of the Crown of France. But although
the leader of a piratical band, the character and conduct
of Rollo in the administration of justice appear to have
been remarkable for strictness and impartiality. Whe-
ther originating in his own appointment, or from a
veneration for his name, is uncertain, but a singular
custom prevailed during his lifetime, of appealing to
him, however distant he might be, in cases of oppression
or encroachment ; and the custom exists to this day
in the Channel Islands. On bended knee and bare-
headed, the plaintiff calls thrice on the name of the
Duke, " Haro, Haro, Haro, a Paide, mon prince ! "
signifying, " Rollo, my prince, succour me ! " The
clameur de Haro, as it is termed, is tantamount to a
summary injunction to stay proceedings, and is exercised
by the person who conceives that his land is infringed
upon by another ; the party so infringing is bound to
respect the clameur at his peril, and to desist until the
matter in dispute has been judicially decided. His-
torians mention a remarkable instance of the efficacy of
the clameur, at the interment of William the Conqueror,
in the great abbey of St. Stephen, at Caen. When
William built that abbey, he pulled down several houses,
and did not compensate all the owners. Ascelin, one
of these, as the corpse was about to be lowered into the
ground, stepped forward and exercised the clameur,
saying, " I appeal to Eollo, the father and founder of
our nation, who, though dead, lives in his laws." His
claim was immediately investigated and allowed, none
offering him any violence for interrupting the ceremony,
but all respecting the Haro.
On the conquest of England by William Duke of
Normandy, these Islands came under his dominion, and,
from that period to the present time, the inhabitants
have always proved themselves the valiant defenders
and devoted subjects of Britain. In the reign of King
John, Philip Augustus made two sudden incursions
upon them, but was repulsed with so much vigour by
the natives, that, on the King's arrival with timely aid,
he granted them a body of constitutions, the foundation
of all their privileges and immunities, as a mark of his
royal satisfaction at this display of their loyalty. In the
6th year of his reign, when Normandy was wrested from
him by the French, Sir Eeginald de Carteret, Seigneur
of St. Ouen in Jersey, was deprived of his lordship of
Carteret, and other estates in that country, though far
more valuable than his property in Jersey, remaining
fixed in his allegiance to England. In the reign of
Edward III. the Islands were again invaded by the
French, who took Guernsey, and placed Hugh Queriet
in Castle Cornet as governor. The Island remained in
their possession about two years, when, A.D. 1341, it
was recovered by the squadron of Sir Robert Morley.
In 1347 the Castle of Mont Orgueil, Jersey, was be-
sieged, but valiantly, and effectually, defended by Sir
Reginald de Carteret and his seven sons, who were all
knighted by the King in one day. In the reign of
Henry VI. the French obtained possession, by treachery,
of Mont Orgueil Castle. It would appear, that they
retained possession of six of the parishes of the Island
for six years, the other six, under the leadership of
Sir Philip de Carteret, remaining stedfast to England.
In the beginning of the reign of Edward IV. it was
retaken by the combined energies of the Islanders and
the British fleet, under the command of Vice- Admiral
Sir Richard Harliston. In the reign of Edward VI. the
Island of Sark was seized by a French squadron, which
also made unsuccessful attempts on Guernsey and Jersey ;
but, in the following reign, it was recovered by stratagem.
According to the account of Sir Walter Raleigh, governor
of Jersey about fifty years afterwards, a gentleman of
the Netherlands anchored in the road with one ship,
and, pretending that the merchant who had freighted it
had died on board, requested permission of the French
to bury him in consecrated ground, and in the chapel
of the Island. This request was complied with, on con-
dition that they should not land with any weapon, not
so much even as a knife. All this was assented to ; and
it was further agreed on the part of the Flemings, in
return for the favour granted, that the French should
possess themselves of the commodities on board. These
preliminaries arranged, a coffin, not containing a dead
body, but swords, targets, and arquebuses, was put into
the boat. On landing, the French searched the mourners
so rigidly, that they could not have concealed a pen-
knife. With some difficulty, the coffin was drawn lip
the rocks, and, while a party of the French took their
boat to board their vessel, the Flemings conveyed the
coffin to the chapel ; where, having closed the doors,
they armed themselves and fell upon the French, who
ran down to the beach, calling on their companions on
board the Flemish vessel, to come to their assistance ;
but, on the return of the boat, they found it filled with
Flemings, who, uniting with their countrymen, soon
effected the complete capture of the Island.
During the Parliamentary wars, Jersey and Guernsey
took opposite views of that unhappy conflict between
the King and his people Jersey strenuously upholding
the royal cause, and Guernsey that of the parliament ;
but yet so strong was the attachment of the governor
of the latter, Sir Peter Osborne, to the unfortunate
House of Stuart, that he suffered a blockade in Castle
Cornet of nearly nine years, viz. from March 1643, to
December 1651, rather than desert, what he conscien-
tiously believed to be, a righteous cause. Jersey afforded
a refuge to Prince Charles, afterwards King Charles II.,
during his father's disastrous reign. He again visited
that Island after his accession to the throne, on the 17th
September 1649; and after the Eestoration conferred
upon it many marks of his royal favour : presenting to
the Bailiff and Magistrates a silver mace, with the in-
" Tali baud omnes dignantur honore ; "
and appointing Sir George Carteret, who had long, and
vigorously, defended Elizabeth Castle from the Parlia-
mentary forces, to the dignity of Chamberlain of the
Household. Nothing of importance afterwards occurred
to disturb the peace of the Islands, until the reign of
George III., when two attempts were made on Jersey ;
the first in 1779, under the Prince of Nassau, but the.
fleet could not effect a landing. The last was in Janu-
ary 1781, under the Baron de Eullecourt. His troops
originally amounted to two thousand men. but, some of
his transports being dispersed by tempests, and others
wrecked, not more than 700 effected a landing, on the
evening of the 5th of January. Under cover of the
night, they easily secured the town of St. Helier, and
took prisoner Major Moses Corbet, the lieutenant-
governor. He, however, found means to send informa-
tion to the commander of the troops, stationed in different
parts of the Island ; and the regular troops, under Major
Picrson of the 95th regiment, uniting with the militia,
the contending parties came to a decisive engagement,
in which, both the invading General, and the gallant
Major Pierson, were slain. Thus terminated the last
aggressive movement on these Islands, by our powerful
rival ; though rival now, we trust, no more, except in
the peaceful tournament of industry.
The scenery of the principal Islands is so essentially
different from each other, that a fair comparison could
scarcely be instituted, and the decision must be left to
the peculiar taste of the visitor. The first view of
Guernsey, on the approach from England, is by no means
inviting, the eye resting upon a line of flat coast to the
N.E. of the Island, and destitute of verdure ; but when
the voyager turns the point round the Vale Castle, and
enters St. Peter's Bay, a scene of great beauty bursts
upon the view. The Islands of Sark, Herm, and Jethou
on the left, the town of St. Peter Port rising from the
sea to the summit of a high hill, flanked on the right by
Fort George, with old Castle Cornet standing out as an
advanced guard, are most imposing. The most beautiful
points of view are only accessible on foot, though a drive
through St. Andrew's Valley, or the Talbot Eoad, King's
Mills, St. Saviour's, Pleinmont, and Rocquaine Bay,
would well repay the most fastidious. The sea- views
are finer and more frequent than in Jersey ; and though
not so well wooded as the sister Island, it is in its own
peculiar style equally interesting.
Nothing perhaps of the kind can exceed the grandeur
of the coast scenery of Jersey in approaching St. Helier,
especially in passing the Corbieres, a fantastic group of
rocks which forms the south-western extremity of the
Island. You pass the lovely bay of St. Brelade, and,
after rounding Noirmont, the bay of St. Aubin, with its
varied beauties, produces an effect almost overpowering.
The town of St. Helier, on its right extremity, protected
by Fort Eegent, built on the ancient Mont de la Ville,
150 feet high ; Elizabeth Castle, hard by which stands
to this day the rocky cell of that venerable hermit St.
Helerius, with the striking contrasts of rugged rocks
and smiling pastures, all these form a coup d'oeil which
must be seen to be conceived of. Inland, long lanes com-
pletely arched with trees of great beauty, romantic
valleys, as that of St. Peter's, bounded by woodland
heights, and watered throughout by a gurgling stream,
cannot but excite the highest admiration in all, who
have an eye to see, and a heart to appreciate, the beauties
But what shall we say of Sark, within the narrow
boundaries of which, the varied forms of beauty, and of
x iv PREFACE.
grandeur, with which the other Islands abound, appear
concentrated ? Its tall, and almost perpendicular, cliffs,
indented with sea-worn caverns, suggestive of dark
scenes in the days of piracy and smuggling, its quiet
little bays, and the interior diversified with hill and
dale, clothed with verdure, and woods of beech and
poplar, together with those wild freaks of nature, the
Creux Terrible and the Coupee, cannot fail to strike
the beholder with mingled admiration and awe.
In common with other spots, shut out from much in-
tercourse with the world around them, great ignorance,
and superstition, have undoubtedly prevailed, scarcely
dispersed, especially in the country parishes, by the
increasing light of modern times ; the belief in the fairy
race, both good and evil ; diablerie, or the bodily ap-
pearances of the devil ; and, to a certain extent, in
witchcraft, still prevailing. The mania, which prevailed
in the early part of the 17th century, for burning witches,
extended to these Islands ; and from the records of the
Royal Court of Guernsey, it appears that, in the years
1598 to 1634, nine women and two men were bar-
barously executed, after having confessions wrung from
them by torture. Great attention is, however, now paid to
the subject of education ; and this, together with increased
facilities of communication, will, we trust, speedily
eradicate all traces of superstition with its attendant
cruelties. Elizabeth College was founded by that
learned queen, in consequence of the deplorable igno-
rance occasioned by a long reign of darkness and perse-
cution; but until the year 1823, when the present
edifice was erected, the inhabitants scarcely availed
themselves of the privilege. Three scholarships were
founded in the University of Oxford by Charles I. for
the advantage of those born in the Islands of Jersey and
Guernsey alternately, to which two more were added in
the reign of his son and successor by George Morley,
Bishop of Winchester, from which several distinguished
natives of both Islands have profited. The present
Eegius Professor of Hebrew in the University of Cam-
bridge, the Eev. Dr. Jeremie, is a native of Guernsey,
and received his education at Elizabeth College ; while
the name of Sir John Jeremie, another eminent Guern-
seyman, and late Governor of Sierra Leone, prematurely
cut off in the midst of his philanthropic labours in the
cause of the deeply injured sons of Africa, is one de-
servedly dear to every heart that throbs with sympathy
for suffering humanity.
But it would far exceed the due limits of these intro-
xv j PREFACE.
ductory observations, were we even to glance at the
distinguished men who have risen to eminence in the
army, the navy, the Church, or diplomatic services,
nurtured amid the beauties, and sublimities, of these dis-
tant Isles ; and if they cannot boast of early literary
celebrity, it must be attributed to their isolated position,
and the frequent political changes to which they have
been subjected, rather than to any want of innate mental
vigour, which, when brought out by favourable circum-
stances, will bear advantageous comparison with the
natives of more favoured lands.
In the prosecution of his labours, the author would
acknowledge his obligations, for much valuable informa-
tion, to Syvret's " Chronique des lies ; " Duncan's
" History of Guernsey ; " Bedstone's " Eoyal Guide to
Guernsey ; " " Recollections of Sark ; " Tupper's
" Chronicles of Castle Cornet ; " " Csesarea ; " "A
Week in Jersey ; " and " The Fortress."
THE BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE 1
THE WHITE HORSE 53
THE LADY OF ST. OUEN 71
THE CAPTURE, IMPRISONMENT, AND ESCAPE OF MESSRS.
CAREY, DE BEAUVOIR, AND DE HAVILLAND . . 83
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS 117
THE SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN . 131
GAULTIER DE LA SALLE 151
LA HOUGUE BIB 157
THE DOMAILLERIE 165
ST. GEORGE'S WELL 175
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
ST. OUEN'S MANOR HOUSE to face page 1
MONT ORGUEIL CASTLE 53
CASTLE CORNET 83
HAVRE GOSSELIN 131
LA HOUGUE BIE ,, 157
ST. GEORGE'S WELL, WITH RUINS OF CHAPEL . 175
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
AN HISTORICAL TRADITION OF JERSEY.
WITH hoof of horse, and trumpet's clang,
St. Ouen's ancient turrets rang ;
And many a motley group was found,
That morn, within its ample bound:
For chiefs of old, well known to fame,
Who trembled at De Breze's name,
Though enviously, in times of peace,
They saw De Cart'ret's wealth increase,
Now clustered round, in dire alarm,
For succour to that stalwart arm.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
The beacon, blazing on the height,
Proclaim'd the foeman's host in sight;
It lighted up the veteran's eye
With all the pride of chivalry;
And, springing up with fiery glance,
" Brethren! we scorn the pow'r of France -
" To arms ! to arms ! my vassals all,
" Obedient to your leader's call,
" And at the foe defiance fling ;
" Strike for your Charter, and your King.
" My son, to Grosnez straight proceed,
" From thence our own retainers lead ;
" Nor till you reach Helerius stay,
" And wait me at La Halle au Ble.
" My gentle nieces, tend with care
" De Senmaresq's afflicted heir,
" And the high aid of Heav'n invoke,
" To free us from the Tyrant's yoke ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
" That peace, once more, may bless our Isle,
" Again may plenteous harvests smile,
"And, under Edward's genial reign,
" Our ancient laws intact remain."
Thus having said, rode forth the Knight,
Well clad in suit of armour bright;
And long the serfs recall'd with pride
The noble brow, the forehead wide,
While he his few brief orders gave,
And cried, " May God King Edward save ! "
But when he pass'd the manor's bound,
The arch with antique sculptures crown'd,
They gave a shout, so loud and clear,
De Breze might have quail'd to hear.
A plumed riding cap he wore,
His squire behind his helmet bore ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
He gave his mettled steed the rein,
And gallop'd briskly o'er the plain.
But oft he'd check his courser fleet,
When he a frighten'd band would meet
Of serfs, who sought, that fearful day,
To find protection at Grosnez.
With kindly accents he would cheer,
And bid them merge each rising fear
In joy, that now the hour drew nigh
For vengeance on their enemy ;
Then lightly press'd his Holla's side,
And bounded o'er the champaign wide.
Anon, he sought a quiet glade,
Which flow'ring limes perfume and shade
With sycamores of liveliest green,
It was a cool, delicious scene :
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Slowly arose the wreathing smoke,
The stream alone the silence broke,
That water'd 'that sequester'd dell,
On which the morning sunbeams fell.
And now the lark's sweet note was heard,
Rousing to song each tuneful bird,
Till all, in one full chorus, raise
Their tribute to their Maker's praise :
They ceas'd at length, and then again
Silence profound resumed her reign.
The calm repose of Nature quell'd
The pride which erst his bosom swell'd ;
He check'd his steed, while o'er his soul
Thoughts of sad melancholy stole.
The fight, with all its glories, wore
An aspect quite unknown before.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
" Perchance," thought he, " the ev'ning gale
" May bear the sorrowing orphan's wail,
" And many a woman weep in vain
" O'er husbands, sons, and brethren slain :
" But surely Heav'n our cause will bless,
" And crown our arms with good success,
" Since we, in self-defence, unite,
" For hearths, and homes, compell'd to fight."
But while such thoughts possess'd his mind,
He left the peaceful scene behind ;
The calm of that secluded spot,
'Mid active cares, was soon forgot;
And when he saw the bleating sheep,
Untended, in their pastures keep,
And lowing kine, with looks sedate,
Vainly the milkmaid's office wait,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA V1LLE.
His martial ardour all return'd,
With indignation just he burn'd,
And long'd, in battle, for the weak
A terrible revenge to seek.
Full soon a vision touch'd him sore
Clustered around each cottage door,
That morning, scar'd in wild dismay
From their accustom'd tasks away,
Stood those who woke the hills with song,
As through the vale they wound along;
Disconsolate, in crowds they kept,
And all in sad communion wept.
Soon as their Seigneur came in sight,
They hail'd his advent with delight;
And hasten'd forth the Knight to meet,
And with respectful welcome greet.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
His bosom rose with honest pride,
While courteously he thus replied:
"Wives, daughters, sisters of the brave,
" I come your timely aid to crave ;
" Let aged sires, with hoary head,
" Whose martial fire long since hath fled ;
" And striplings gay, whose tender age
" Forbids in battle to engage ;
" With all who have, or nerve, or skill,
" To fire an arquebus at will,
" All to the town in haste repair,
" And learn the part which waits you there,-
" Your country calls nor need you fear
" More risk than by remaining here.
" All who by me resolve to stand,
" In token raise to Heav'n your hand."
'Mid loyal shouts, the most obey'd,
And instant preparation made :
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
He saw, amidst that feeble band,
The ready mind, the active hand ;
And, cheering on his gallant steed,
He reach'd Helerius with speed.
Collected, calm, behold the Knight
Alone ascend the neighbouring height ;
And, taking a minute survey,
To D'Anneville's tent he wends his way ;
And with that trusty friend and true
Made promptly all arrangements due.
Quickly, spread out in martial pride,
De Breze's hosts the chiefs espied ;
At distance brief a halt they made, .
And there a flag of truce displayed.
Sir Philip well the end foreknew,
The sequel proved his prescience true ;
10 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA V1LLE.
And ere the enemy he met,
His forces thus in order set:
The right must to the Mount proceed,
To aid the bowmen in their need.
De Rozel and Meleche command
This small, but most determin'd band;
While those who his left wing compos' d
Must march into a field enclos'd,
That so they may the ground maintain
Which marks the bound'ry of the plain.
St. Ouen's lord their centre led,
Of all the Isle the chosen head ;
For none, in danger's hour, might dare
With brave De Cart'ret to compare :
Nor, from the annals of the day,
Be lost the Chief of Trinite,
Who, clad in coat of mail, appear'd ;
His coal-black charger proudly rear'd,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 11
Long'd in the conflict to be found,
And paw'd, impatiently, the ground.
Should we of minor Seigneurs tell,
That host too much our roll would swell.
All breasts with patriot ardour glow,
All hasten on to meet the foe ;
Who now, at least two thousand strong,
In ranks unbroken, march'd along.
De Breze then, the Gallic chief,
With Nenfant held communion brief,
A craven soul, whose lust of pelf
Made him forget his nobler self,
And sacrifice the Island's weal
To justify a Traitor's zeal.
As Scots, when Southron bands invade,
A firm, unyielding front displayed,
12 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
De Breze saw, with mute surprise,
The bristling hosts before him rise ;
While wav'd aloft each banner high,
As if th' usurper to defy ;
And proudly, by the breeze outspread,
The British Lion rear'd his head ;
Yet chose to laugh, as if in scorn,
The flag of truce now forward borne ;
De Breze' s Squire came forth to meet,
And courteously the Knight to greet;
And, leaning on his arm the while,
Was seen the Bailli of the Isle :
Sir Philip, e'en in danger's hour,
Could ne'er resist the comic pow'r ;
And when in terror, doubt, and shame,
The hapless dignitary came,
Twirling a roll 'twixt thumb and finger,
While, on his lips, words seem'd to linger,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 13
Which utt'rance sought to find in vain,
He could not then a smile restrain.
The haughty Frenchman silence broke
At length, and thus imperious spoke :
" Let all the serfs who hear me now,
" This moment to their conqu'ror bow,
" For none who still defiance dare
" May hope his clemency to share."
" Conqu'ror, forsooth ! " with look of pride,
And thund'ring voice, St. Ouen cried,
" We know of none ; our Island never
" From England's realm shall aught dissever ;
" No ruler we acknowledge now,
" Save Edward, on whose gracious brow
" Long may the crown securely sit !
" To him we '11 duteously submit.
14 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
" Return, Sir Herald, and from me
" Your valiant Captain tell that he
" Who would the Victor's laurel wear
" Must first the Soldier's conflicts share."
" Sir Knight, 'tis done, for at this hour
" Mont Orgueil's Fort is in his pow'r ;
" Nor only so, but all the Isle
" Your Captain yielded up erewhile,
" With all who to it appertain ;
" Resistance would be worse than vain :
" The great de Breze can afford
" Vast privileges to accord
" To all who cast their arms away,
" And will to France their homage pay."
Then taking from the Bailli's grasp
Who seem'd in very fear to gasp
The parchment, did the Squire present,
A most disgraceful document ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA V1LLE. 15
'Twas sign'd by some whose courage fail'd,
And who before th* Invader quail'd.
The first upon that roll of shame
Recorded, stood the Bailli's name :
He cowYd beneath De Cart'ret's eye,
Fix'd on him so contemptuously ;
While thus indignantly he spoke :
" Coward ! to take the Tyrant's yoke,
" Nor yet content yourself to own
" Subjection to the Gallic throne,
" Must needs, by your example, try
" To shake the Island's constancy.
" 'Tis well indeed for such as you
" My sword has other work to do ;
" Else, just as willingly I 'd smite
" That false head from its trunk outright,
" As now this compact vile I rend,
" And to the winds its fragments send." .
16 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
So saying, he his dagger drew,
And pierc'd the worthless parchment through.
The Bailli, in confusion dire,
For safety slunk behind th' Esquire;
And then, with deprecating look,
His head he sorrowfully shook,
Hoping, no doubt, to make it clear
His signature was gaiti'd by fear.
And now the Herald thus express'd
The anger kindling in his breast:
"Beware, Sir Islander, be wise,
" Nor dare your conqu'ror's terms despise,
"Else shall his sword, this very day,
"Woman, and man, and suckling slay."
" We scorn them," was the quick reply,
" And here your caitiff knight defy ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 17
" For England and our charter we
" Will fall ; nor yet like dastards flee."
From line to line the watchword flew,
To England and their charter true.
" Now," shouts Sir Philip, flush'd with pride,
" We to your summons have replied."
"Not yet," the herald cried, "Sir knight,
" For others sure you have no right
" To speak ; let all come forth as well,
" And each his own decision tell.
" For you, rebelliously inclin'd,
" No quarter may expect to find.
" None ever yet, secure from harm,
" Escap'd De Breze's pow'rful arm.
" Let all who life and fortune prize
" No more in vain resistance rise ;
" For half the hosts who own his rule,
" Train'd from their youth in warfare's school
18 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
" The bravest sons of Gallia's land
" Would soon disperse yon timid band."
With vehemence exclaim'd the Knight,
" We have the will, and more, the might.
" God and our Lady shall succeed,
" And aid us in our hour of need :
" Back to your wily leader hie,
" Tell him we all his pow'r defy ;
" Tell him our chiefs, with one accord,
" Have chosen me, St. Ouen's Lord,
" Captain of this my native isle,
" Where trait'rous Nenfant rul'd erewhile ;
" And that my islanders, so brave,
" With me prefer a soldier's grave,
" Rather than for a moment's ease
" His base authority to please."
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 19
The parley here had doubtless clos'd,
Had not the Bailli interpos'd.
In accents tremulous and weak
Our little friend was heard to speak,
Gasping for breath in very fear:
" A word, Sir Philip, in your ear."
Then from the ranks he forward press'd,
And thus his quondam lord address'd:
" Think not De Breze to escape
" That very fiend in human shape ;
" Such fearful scenes have met my sight,
" I have but yielded to the fright ;
" And, as you value life and limb,
" I warn you to escape from him."
Th' esquire, impatient of delay,
A movement made to haste away,
To whom the Bailli spoke once more,
With ready wit unknown before ;
20 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
" I '11 warrant that my friend will yield,
" Though brave and dext'rous in the field,
" When he his real danger knows,
" Which I would faithfully disclose."
To this the herald smil'd assent,
And forward now the Bailli went ;
Then, with the Knight, in tones subdued,
His broken conference renew'd.
He greatly fear'd that day of strife
Would terminate his patron's life ;
In case so hopeless, better far
To yield, than tempt the fate of war.
Sir Philip turn'd a scornful eye,
And scarcely deign'd to make reply :
" Bailli, why thus disgrace thy name ?
" Why thus thy cowardice proclaim ?
" Thou man of legs, why dost thou stay
" Why not in silence steal away ?
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 21
" But shelter if thou dost desire,
" Behind our lines forthwith retire ;
" A passage clear for thee I '11 keep,
" Though 'neath our arms 'twere best to creep."
To utmost stretch, in mute surprise,
The Bailli op'd his sparkling eyes
To see De Cart'ret self-possess'd
And prone e'en now to homely jest,
While all, to his scar'd senses, seem
The phantoms of a fearful dream.
He tried to fly ; but in that hour
His limbs had lost their wonted pow'r.
The Knight, unheeding his alarm,
Now seiz'd our hero by the arm ;
And whirling through the air he went
As arrow from a bow well bent.
The ranks before him giving way,
Here, for a while, he prostrate lay,
22 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Much doubting if himself were sane,
Or whether madness fir'd his brain.
Two of Sir Philip's followers brave
Upraised him then, and counsel gave
To seek for refuge in the rear,
For bloody work was drawing near.
When he these dreaded tidings learn'd,
His scattered senses soon returned ;
His cowardice soon leat him wings,
And through the rearward hosts he springs.
Th' indignant Frenchman now demands
His prisoner at Sir Philip's hands,
And, by refusal much incens'd,
His worst anathemas dispens'd.
De Cart' ret cried, "I came not now
u To treat with such an one as thou,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 23
" But with De Breze's self to deal
" Bid him prepare our blows to feel."
The Herald then, with wrath inflanTd,
In bitter irony exclaim'd,
" Methinks, Sir Knight, your feeble crew
" Must e'en old Vulcan's strokes outdo,
" Seeing their numbers are so few.
" Go, bid them to their ploughs return ;
" From this escape discretion learn ;
" Or seek in sport relief from toil,
" Nor dye with blood their native soil ;
" The game were better, I'll be sworn."
Then turn'd upon his heel with scorn.
Sir Philip now, in tones suppress'd,
The Chief of Trinite address'd,
24 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Who call'd his 'squire so good at need,
To bring his coal-black mettled steed :
" Rolla, mon Rolla !" cried the Knight,
And, bounding o'er the turf as light
As, in the East, the fleet gazelle
Seeks mountain crag, or shady dell,
His noble courser reach'd his side,
And toss'd his glossy mane with pride,
And arch'd his neck, nor seem'd to feel
His massive panoply of steel.
De Cart'ret, mounted, gives him rein,
And soon la Halle au Ble they gain,
And, giving prompt injunctions there
For instant conflict to prepare,
Along the lines they quickly sped,
And scarce a minute could have fled
Ere, side by side with Trinite,
All silent, motionless, stood they:
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 25
Old England's standard floated nigh,
And fix'd was many an anxious eye
Their slightest movement to descry.
Now onward borne, 'mid loud acclaim,
Proudly the Frenchmen's banner came.
Sir Philip saw their hosts advance,
And cast behind an anxious glance;
But scarce had time this Island Chief
E'en to despatch a mandate brief,
When on the foemen pour'd amain,
Like mountain torrent o'er the plain.
A moment more as in reply,
A trumpet blast was heard on high;
The Island Chiefs asunder parted
To right and left with speed they started.
Two lines their arquebuses fir'd,
And in unbroken rank retir'd.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
A trench upon the mount was thrown,
Whence, as by magic spell alone,
Amongst the foe, with certain aim,
A shower of barbed arrows came.
Th' invaders paus'd but soon a cry
Rose from their midst, " They fly, they fly !
" On, on, pursue ! no quarter give,
" For not a rebel soul shall live!"
And now, in orderly array,
Two -thirds had gain'd la Halle an Ble.
As savage wolves, by winter's cold
And sharpen'd appetites made bold,
Spread desolation through the land-
De Breze and his murd'rous band,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 27
With hopes of victory elate,
" No quarter ! death ! " vociferate.
The furious leader in advance
Thunders " Tue, tue ! la France, la France ! "
While gleam'd his naked sword on high ;
" Tue, tue ! " the soldiery reply.
But hark ! once more the trumpet spoke,
Instant the sky was dense with smoke,
And soon was heard the cannon's roar
And arquebus from ev'ry store.
Sir Philip's troop, their zeal to show,
Had wheel'd about and fac'd the foe.
Rose on the ear a mournful strain,
A cry of mingled rage and pain ;
Small space within that narrow bound
For dead and living could be found ;
28 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
The living mass supports the dying,
Till wounded steeds, in terror flying,
As now th' assailants fought and swore,
Crush'd them to earth to rise no more.
From this unlook'd-for ambuscade
A desp'rate rush the Frenchmen made,
But found the patriots of the Isle,
Taunted and much despis'd erewhile,
Had form'd, their liberties at stake,
A rampart which they could not break ;
The Seigneurs twain like lions fought,
While young and old their spirit caught ;
Nor only they the ground maintain'd,
But, step by step, advantage gain'd.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 20
De Breze rais'd his falchion bright,
And rush'd with fury on the Knight;
When, lo ! the trumpet's warning dread
Amid his troops confusion spread.
" Fall back ! Fall back !" Sir Philip cried,
When he a faithful band espied,
Who, for his sake, devoid of fear,
Approach'd the murd'rous guns too near.
He back'd his steed, while, blow with blow,
Coolly he met his furious foe ;
Parrying his thrusts with equal ease,
As if he fenc'd himself to please.
Meanwhile, upon the ear once more
Arose the cannon's horrid roar.
Once and again did darkness dread
Enshroud the dying and the dead ;
30 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Once and again a fearful cry
Was heard of mortal agony ;
While frighten' d steeds' terrific neigh
Might well the stoutest hearts dismay.
The rearward soldiers forward press
To aid their comrades in distress ;
Who seem'd all recklessly inclined
A grave on battle-field to find,
Lest, by retreat, eternal shame
Should sully their well-purchas'd fame.
Then on a final struggle bent,
Together rush'd with one consent,
Like madden' d wolves, the savage crew
To burst the living rampart through :
So desperate was their endeavour,
Not only they the leaders sever,
But forc'd the Islanders to yield
A few good paces of the field.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA V1LLE. 31
This contretemps, although so slight,
Did not escape the watchful Knight ;
And now, at the command to " fire,"
The troops fulfil their chiefs desire ;
Nor soldiers, train' d in order due,
Could vie with these stout hearts and true.
Backward the escorceurs retreat
A more destructive fire to meet.
" Break in the doors ! " with wounded pride,
And pow'rless rage, De Breze cried ;
" The windows scale, that we no more
" May hear those guns' accursed roar :
" Again our country's flag advance,
" Strike for our Lady and for France."
No voice was heard, nor struck a blow ;
The circling smoke dispers'd, when, lo !
32 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
He saw, and madden'd at the sight,
The remnant of his hosts in flight.
" Perdition seize each mother's son !
" For shame ! " he shouts, " the villains run ! "
Then deeply spurr'd his panting steed,
And reach'd the open plain with speed ;
But there did sudden dangers near
Excite still more his rage and fear:
For though the fugitives return'd
When they their chieftain's plight discern'd,
The rearward Islanders surrounded,
And worse the enemy confounded,
Who, by experience taught too late,
Now patiently the onset wait.
It tarried not, for through the plain
The trumpet blew a martial strain,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 33
When D'Anneville and De Cart'ret's heir
Fresh in the conflict claim'd a share ;
These, with their men, conceal'd from sight,
Had waited long the sign to fight.
While, at the instant, from the right,
The arbalisters came in view,
Led hy De Rozel brave and true ;
For when they, from their post on high,
Had let their deadly arrows fly,
By its superior height defended,
They silently the mount descended :
While, in the midst, the workman's toil
Had worn away the crumbling soil,
Projected far on either side,
Like giant arms extended wide,
The eastern mound with verdure dress'd,
Dark glitt'ring granite cloth'd the west.
34 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Hence, at the preconcerted sign,
The bowmen with the troops combine,
Both right and left attack the foe,
And into dire confusion throw ;
Which brought De Breze to a stand,
Nor saw he then the valiant band
Who o'er the plain pursued their way,
Advancing from la Halle au Ble.
Sir Philip now his gallant train
Cheer'd by his shouts, nor cheer'd in vain ;
They rush'd impetuous o'er the dead,
As men on worms of earth would tread,
The while they with triumphant pride
" King Edward and our Charter ! " cried.
Now fiercer, deadlier grew the strife;
The fearful odds were death or life ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 35
While man with man in combat single,
And horse with horse, together mingle.
For this fresh ambush unprepar'd,
De Breze now bewilder'd star'd :
To see the flow'r of France destroy'd,
And all his schemes of conquest void,
By Nenfant's promises deceived,
His swimming eyes he scarce believ'd.
As though by magic art it seem'd
The very earth with warriors teem'd ;
Nor could he in that fearful hour
Perceive his own superior pow'r.
Now first in his renown' d career
Yielded this gallant chief to fear ;
And though with tiger's rage he fought,
To save his life alone he sought.
But soon as Nenfant he espied,
" Base traitor ! " he with fury cried,
36 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
(And rais'd his sword above his head,)
"Go to the regions of the dead.
" Are these the timid serfs by you
" Describ'd as such a feeble crew,
" Whom we with equal ease might slay,
" As wolves on helpless flocks would prey?"
"Mercy!" the trembling victim cries,
And knelt, no more again to rise ;
For ere the last appeal was made
Came down De Breze's pond'rous blade,
And from the trunk, still kneeling found,
The head descended to the ground.
Meanwhile the young St. Ouen, fir'd
With bravery, by all admir'd,
Had just before spurr'd on his steed
To give the trait' rous wretch his meed ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 37
But seeing that De Breze's blow
The craven sycophant laid low,
He turn'd to meet a worthier foe ;
And, " Ah, De Breze ! " fiercely cried :
The father view'd his son with pride ;
But soon emotions painful dart
Athwart his fond paternal heart :
" Brave though thou be," he murmur'd, " still,
" Howe'er invincible thy will,
" Soon thy young arm unnerv'd would be ;
" This is too great a foe for thee."
Then in his stirrup rose the Knight,
And, raising to its utmost height
That voice which made the hills resound,
And e'en the conflict's tumult drown'd,
Shouted, " De Breze, here will I
" To single combat thee defy."
38 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
His axe from saddle-bow he wrench'd,
Which with both hands he firmly clench'd,
And dealt such blows both far and near
That soon he made a passage clear.
De Breze flash'd his glittYmg sword,
And turn'd to meet St. Ouen's Lord.
While he a furious onset made,
A cry was heard, " A 1'aide, a 1'aide ! "
Wav'd to and fro the pennon white
A moment more 'twas out of sight.
But this unlook'd-for foul disgrace
Endur'd but for a moment's space ;
De Breze's pow'rful arm once more
The standard from its captors tore,
And rais'd it high above his head
(Again the breeze its folds outspread)
With his left hand ; the while his right
Defended it with all his might ;
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 39
And, with the Frenchmen's rallying cry,
He call'd his scatter'd follow'rs nigh.
To this St. Ouen quick replied,
" King Edward and our Charter ! " cried ;
And, following up his mortal foe,
Dealt with his battle axe a blow
Which caus'd th' invaders' flag to quake,
Their leader in his seat to shake :
Yet, in the twinkling of an eye,
De Breze wav'd the banner high :
Casting an anxious glance around,
A youthful cavalier he found,
A knight of pure and peerless fame,
On whom his chieftain call'd by name.
Montessey held his honour dear,
Where duty led he knew no fear ;
And when De Breze sought his aid,
With cheerful haste the youth obey'd,
40 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Resolv'd the treasure to defend
With his heart's blood till life should end.
None in that dread affray had leisure
The thoughts of other men to measure ;
Else had they seen his looks express
A bearing cool and passionless ;
Though drawn his sword, its polish'd blade
Had not as yet a victim made ;
His shield appear'd more useful far,
Indented deep with many a scar ;
But fiercer passions, now discern'd,
Within that restless bosom burn'd;
Those large grey eyes, so mild of late,
Now flash'd with dire revenge and hate,
And seem'd some worthy foe to seek
On whom his vengeance he might wreak :
In young De Cart'ret he had found
The foe he long had sought around,
BATTLE OF MONT DE JLA VILLE. 41
But ere his cherish'd aim was gain'd
De Breze's voice his course restrain'd.
That chieftain, thus reliev'd at length,
Now concentrated all his strength,
And, rushing on St. Ouen's Lord,
Clench'd with both hands his mighty sword,
And far o'er his right shoulder flung ;
It whizz'd, as through the air it swung,
Encountering only empty space
For Rolla, wisest of his race,
His master's slighest sign obey'd,
A demi-vaidte adroitly made,
And thus that valued life defended,
On which the Island's fate depended.
Stout though his armour was, it ne'er
A blow, thus aim'd, could harmless bear.
42 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
More and more desperate grew the fight
Around th' invaders' standard white ;
So equally did fate divide,
The keenest judge could scarce decide
Which of th' opposing hosts should claim,
On that dread day, the victor's fame.
Destruction's Demon seem'd to reign,
And on the field his court maintain,
Urging his lieges, mad with rage,
In savage slaughter to engage.
RolPd to the earth, in deadly strife
They wrestled, e'en with parting life ;
Lock'd in the iron grasp of death,
Still cursing with their latest breath.
Thrice fell the standardbearer brave,
And thrice did he his banner wave ;
For Julien de Montessey bold,
Though fall'n, would ne'er relax his hold.
BATTLE OF MOXT DE LA VILLE. 43
Meanwhile, De Cart'ret, and his foe,
Unsparingly gave hlow for blow ;
Nor yet, when broken was each blade,
Was their impetuous fury stay'd ;
They seiz'd each battle-axe amain,
And fell to deadly strokes again :
And on they fought, in savage mood,
Till, all unhelm'd, De Cart'ret stood.
Young Edward could no longer stay
Mere witness of this fearful fray :
Choking, and thick, his breathing came ;
He waited not to see the aim
Taken to cleave that honour'd head,
And rank De Cart'ret with the dead ;
But, lance in hand, with lightning speed,
He rush'd upon De Breze's steed,
And with his weapon pierc'd his eye :
With a wild shriek of agony,
44 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
He bounded forward uncontroll'd,
And soon in dying anguish roll'd.
De Breze quick his feet withdrew,
" Another sword, and charger too,"
In anger and dismay he cried.
Both sword and charger were supplied :
Then to the field he wildly spurr'd ;
The scene his soul to madness stirr'd :
First, his hewilder'd sight to meet,
His soldiers were in full retreat;
In vain he sought, with anxious glance,
The yet unsullied flag of France :
While, swooning from his wounds away,
The brave Montessey prostrate lay,
De Cart' ret, ne'er so proud before,
Aloft the hard-earn'd trophy bore.
De Breze, 'mid his foes alone,
Thunder'd, in hoarse, discordant tone,
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 45
TV accustom'd soul-inspiring cry ;
But none remained to make reply :
When, hark I a voice, distinct and shrill,
Sounds from the summit of the hill ;
As when the sea-bird, void of rest,
Sweeps o'er the ocean's troubled breast,
Responded thus La Blanche Vetue
The fearful sentence " Sauve qui peut ! "
While, from the brink, she madly hurl'd
The fragments of an earlier world.
As through the lines the words were pass'd,
Full many an eye was upward cast,
And rested on a tow'ring form,
That seem'd the spirit of the storm.
They well might tremble at the sight :
Clad in a scanty robe of white ;
46 BATTLE OF MOXT DE LA VILLE.
And the broad belt, that girt her waist,
With curious characters was trac'd.
Her hair was grey, and closely shorn,
While on her head a scarf was worn :
Her piercing eyes so restless dart,
As from their sockets they would start.
Bare were her legs ; her sandals strong
Bound to her feet by hempen thong ;
Peer'd from loose sleeves her sinewy arms ;
Her walking-staff was hung with charms,
For thus, at least, the serfs believ'd,
Nor could they e'er be undeceiv'd.
By this new danger frenzied quite,
De Breze's soldiers took to flight ;
Their chieftain by the flying throng
Unwillingly was borne along.
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 47
The Islanders' exulting cry
Seem'd fain to rend the very sky :
Pursuing still, with relish keen,
Full soon they left the bloody scene ;
And, on the field, was heard alone,
The wounded soldier's dying groan.
Sir Philip check'd his valiant crew,
Eager the vict'ry to pursue ;
And when the conqu'ring hosts again
Were rallied on the open plain,
Reminded them that not as yet
Must they in ease their toils forget ;
Since many a comrade, prostrate laid,
Might be reviv'd by timely aid ;
While those who, in the recent strife,
Had paid the forfeit of their life,
48 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
The Island's liberties to save,
Should be decreed a patriot's grave.
While to the task they all proceed,
Did many a wounded spirit bleed,
When friends and kindred, near and dear,
Amongst the ranks of dead appear.
But when, upon the carnage ground,
Such heaps of slaughter'd foes were found,
Scarce was the welcome truth believ'd
So proud a triumph was achiev'd.
Some cried that superhuman might
Must have presided o'er the fight :
While yet the more discerning few
Gave credit where 'twas justly due,
De Cart'ret's praises, sounding high,
Join'd with the shouts of " Victory ! "
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA V1LLE. 49
As spread the joyful news afar,
From out the seat of civic war
Rush'd forth a group, whose ev'ry breast,
With patriotic zeal possess'd,
Prompted, that day, such valorous deeds,
As nought in martial fame exceeds.
Grey-headed sires, bent down with time,
And blooming maidens, in their prime,
Yet render'd all unsightly now,
With blacken' d face, and crimson'd brow ;
Whose garments, sore begrim'd with smoke,
Their military toil bespoke ;
While boys present a novel sight,
Heroes become, for home to fight.
As forth these motley warriors came,
Afresh was heard the loud acclaim,
" All honour to De Cart'ret's name ! "
50 BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE.
Now, to a venerable pile,
The monastery of the Isle,
With utmost tenderness and care,
The Islanders the wounded bear.
Amongst the rest was D'Anneville found,
All pale, and bleeding, on the ground :
Jacqu'line and Margaret attend
Unceasing on this cherish'd friend;
And many a racking pain that day
Was, by their kindness, chas'd away.
The young De Cart'ret saw with pride
Fair Margaret, his destin'd bride,
And Jacqu'line too, with pitying face,
As the good angels of the place :
But when these lovely maids beheld,
Return'd from this well-foughten field,
Uninjur'd, those they lov'd so well,
Their deep emotion who can tell ?
BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE. 51
Each in the other's arms suspended,
Their mutual joys and sorrows blended.
At length the bell for vespers rung ;
All for the dead a requiem sung ;
While their united thanks ascend
Joyful to that Almighty Friend,
Who in his plenitude of power
Guarded the weak in danger's hour,
And deep, beneath his withering frown,
Had cast the proud oppressor down.
THE WHITE HORSE.
AN HISTORICAL TRADITION OF JERSEY.
Woe worth the chace, woe worth the day,
That costs thy life, my gallant grey !
SIR W. SCOTT.
WHEN Mortimer, at Hexham, won the day,
And over Britain held precarious sway,
A foreign band fair Jersey's Isle invade.
Mont Orgueil, by Boutilier betray'd,
By false De Breze was for Louis held,
'Gainst whom the loyal Islanders rebell'd.
Their leader bore De Cart'ret's honoured name,
Of ancient lineage, well known to fame ;
The Seigneur of St. Ouen he was calPd,
Whose valour the invaders oft appall'd.
54 THE WHITE HORSE.
When opes my tale, the Fort beleaguer'd lay,
The British fleet protected Gorey Bay,
O'er which the gallant Harleston held command ;
While at each outlet watchful sentries stand ;
And not far distant camp'd, the eye might view
A valiant host, to England's standard true.
Thus doubly guarded, brave De Cart'ret sought,
In recreation, ease from anxious thought.
Near to his manor flow'd a limpid stream,
Whose silv'ry tenants in the noontide beam
Delighted bask, and at the close of day
Leap for the flies that o'er the surface play.
Thither the Knight a snow-white charger rode,
A royal gift, in gratitude bestow'd ;
Holla his name, who on the battle-field,
'Mid hottest fight, was never known to yield.
His limbs were pow'rful, yet his airy tread
Scarce brush'd the dew-drop from the daisy's head ;
THE WHITE HORSE. 55
He at his master's voice, in conscious pride,
Bent his arch'd neck, and bounded to his side ;
His burden to receive would docile kneel,
And in a thousand ways his joy reveal.
Mounted, the Knight rode forth, most trimly dress'd
In purple doublet, and embroider'd vest ;
A high-plum'd cap of velvet did he wear,
From whence escap'd stray locks of silv'ry hair.
His trusty 'squire bestrode a humbler steed,
Bearing such tackle as the Knight might need.
Long time the angler cast his line in vain,
No crafty fish could his manoeuvres gain ;
When, suddenly, a figure met his view,
In whom he recogniz'd La Blanche Vetue.
Hers was a tall, attenuated form,
Her furrow'd cheeks betray'd affliction's storm ;
56 THE WHITE HORSE.
A strange, unearthly wildness in her eye
Gave an expression of deep mystery.
By all the superstitious she was fear'd,
Who shrank away whene'er the dame appear'd ;
But should some evil 'bide St. Ouen's Lord,
Howe'er her visitations were abhorr'd,
By day or night her warning voice was heard,
Nor from her purpose bolts nor bars deterr'd :
For though, to vulgar eyes, this woman lone
Seem'd to possess a heart as hard as stone,
Deep sympathy within her breast still glow'd,
And gratitude for favours long bestow'd.
In sorrow's school her early days were pass'd,
For while, in foreign climes, her lot was cast,
She saw, with feelings stunn'd, and tearless eye,
Burnt at the stake, her nearest kindred die.
Distraught, she came to Caesarea's Isle,
But never, never more was seen to smile.
THE WHITE HORSE. 57
She found protection in De Cart'ret's wife,
Who, in the last sad hour of parting life,
This blighted soul did to her lord commend,
Her life to cheer, her int'rests to defend,
Should danger threaten, or oppression vex
This voluntary outcast of her sex.
He gave the promise, and, though sorely tried
By those wild habits which all rule defied,
He stood her friend, and oft, in time of need,
Defended her by many a daring deed.
It chanc'd a small, but most determin'd band,
That morn approach'd along the golden sand,
That marks, at ebbing tide, St. Ouen's Bay,
Which, from the spot at no great distance lay.
To seize the Knight by stealth was their design,
And in Mont Orgueil's donjon-keep confine.
58 THE WHITE HOKSE.
'Twas now that Blanche appear'd, with outstretch'd arm,
Their destin'd victim timely to alarm ;
Raising her figure to its utmost height,
In screeching tones she urg'd his speedy flight :
" St. Ouen, fly ! the French are on thy track,
" Lose not an instant, to thy manor back ! "
Sir Philip look'd at her with scornful eye :
" No fear of this," was his compos'd reply ;
" Our fortresses are all securely barr'd ;
" T" escape our sentinels they '11 find it hard."
" Rash mortal, fly !" she shriek'd, "nor tempt thy fate :
" A moment more, and it may be too late ;
" E'en now they come ; I hear their horses' tread,
" Boutilier, the traitor, at their head."
" Dame," cried Sir Philip, in an alter'd tone,
" In plainer language make thy meaning known.
" Why didst not tell the traitor's name at first ?
" For canting phrase thou know'st I hold accurs'd.
THE WHITE HORSE. 59
" But say, good mother, didst thou only see
" Twelve horsemen ? this stout arm shall make them flee."
" Save him, thou spirit of my murder'd sire !
" What fiend, St. Ouen, can thy breast inspire ?
" The lives of hundreds hang upon thy fate ;
" This moment fly ! no longer hesitate."
The ling' ring Knight obeys the warning voice,
'Twixt flight and capture there remains no choice.
Holla, whose practis'd ear first caught the sound
Of horsemen, join'd his master with a bound :
Excitement pleas'd the highly mettled steed,
And off he started at his utmost speed.
" Long live King Edward !" did De Cart'ret cry,
And to the shout the echoing hills reply ;
The while " De Breze ! " was proclaim' d so near,
A less brave spirit would have quail'd for fear.
Sir Philip flings his velvet cap on high,
And shouts, " King Edward and our liberty ! "
60 THE WHITE HORSE.
Rolla, elate, his ecstacy display'd,
He toss'd his graceful head, and shrilly neigh'd ;
And bounding forward with the speed of wind,
At distance left his followers behind.
And now the Knight, exulting in the chace,
Nor doubtful of the issue of the race,
His loyal shouts triumphantly renews,
While with loud oaths the enemy pursues.
But soon, alas ! his confidence subsides,
Two sheep were struggling o'er the path he rides,
Which from a neighb'ring fold had lately stray'd,
And, tied together, on that path were laid.
Sir Philip saw them not, he rode so fleet,
Till well nigh trampled 'neath his horse's feet.
Panting with fear, bewilder'd, they essay
T' escape the danger each a diff'rent way ;
THE WHITE HORSE.
Their unavailing efforts to get free,
Soon brought the noble Rolla to his knee.
The Frenchmen, on the Knight now gain'd apace,
And narrower grew the intervening space ;
He almost felt the foremost horse's tread,
While six wing'd arrows whizz'd around his head,
And fancied, as he turn'd to meet the foe,
He felt their heated breath upon him blow.
Now first, since he the gen'rous beast possess'd,
Into his sides, the cruel spurs he press'd.
The faithful creature, as by magic spell,
Quickly recovered ; but what tongue can tell
How he express'd the anguish of the smart,
In tones which pierc'd his master to the heart ?
With fond, endearing epithets, the Knight
Patted his neck, and urg'd to speedier flight ;
(52 THE WHITE HORSE.
He bounded forth, neigh' d joyously again,
And scarce to touch the yielding earth would deign.
Sir Philip, who on Holla's speed relies,
In very wilfulness " King Edward ! " cries,
And waves his chap'ron with a knightly air,
While, all unknown, Death watch'd in ambush there.
With undiminish'd speed, did Holla now
A winding hill ascend, whose lofty brow,
With spreading fern, and yellow furze-bush, crown'd,
Just overlooks the Island's western bound ;
A lovely valley on the other side
Extended lay, through which the Knight must ride,
Before he could the beaten track regain,
Which would conduct him to his own domain.
There, where the tortuous road conceal'd from sight,
Six horsemen stood, well clad in armour bright,
THE WHITE HORSE. 63
And there, did patiently his coming wait ;
But now La Blanche, still watchful o'er his fate,
With never-tiring haste, had gain'd the spot :
The rugged path she trod, she heeded not,
And, standing on the steep that bounds the right,
With warning voice she urg'd his rereward flight :
" Turn back," she cried, " an ambush lies before,
" And gain the road you pass'd, or all is o'er."
No more he dar'd her counsels to disdain
As the wild dreams of an unsettled brain ;
Yet much it cost him, her advice to take,
It almost caus'd his valiant heart to quake.
Resistance seem'd indeed a hopeless case ;
The turning, his pursuers near'd apace ;
No chance was left him, if this point they gain'd,
And then, but one alternative remain'd :
Full sixteen feet below, a meadow lay ;
A muddy dyke between, obstructs the way,
64 THE WHITE HORSE.
The width, 'tis said, was thirty feet and more,
Which ne'er by horse, or man, was cross'd before.
Could he, indeed, but take this dang'rous leap,
He might his enemies at distance keep.
The daring thought scarce flitted through his brain
Ere Blanche's frantic voice was heard again :
" St. Ouen, leap ! 'twere better far to die,
" Than vile De Breze's captur'd foe to lie."
Ere she had ceas'd, the Knight a circuit made,
His Rolla to prepare, who loudly neigh'd ;
Lightly he press'd his sides, and gave command,
The faithful creature seem'd to understand ;
He shakes his mane, with nostrils widely spread,
And high in air, erects his noble head ;
Then, with the speed of lightning, forward flew,
And clear'd the gap, ere yet his master knew ;
Who, yet so firmly had retained his seat,
That e'en his enemies applaud the feat.
THK WHITK HORSE. 65
For such a contretemps quite unprepar'd
They reach'd the spot, and in amazement star'd.
" Bravo ! " they cried, save one, whose wrathful breast
With hitter disappointment was possess'd :
" On, comrades, on ! " he eagerly exclaim'd,
" The lion-hearted Knight may yet be tam'd ;
" On to the valley ! we may catch him still,
" Ere he can gain the summit of the hill."
Soon as La Blanche the speaker had espied,
" Ah, Le Boutilier ! " she wildly cried,
" Out on thee, monster, renegade abhorr'd !
" Is this thy duteous fealty to thy Lord ?
" May HeavVs worst maledictions on thee light,
" Pursue thee everywhere, thy. prospects blight ! "
" Have at thee, Fury ! " Roger did exclaim,
And with his crossbow took a random aim.
He waited not the arrow's course to heed,
But, spurring cruelly his panting steed,
66 THE WHITE HORSE.
Whose reeking flanks were soon besmear' d with gore,
Urg'd on the chace more hotly than before.
The horsemen, who in ambush had remain'd
For action fresh, upon Sir Philip gain'd ;
From instant peril free, he had repress'd
The ardour of his steed, to give him rest ;
For, though with undiminish'd speed he flew,
He saw each movement more distressing grew.
The gen'rous creature still his zeal display'd,
And scarce the Knight's restraining curb obey'd ;
Who to the danger gave but little thought,
His faithful Holla's ease he only sought.
On this intent, almost devoid of fear,
Startled, he heard " De Breze ! " shouted near,
Yet had not heart the noble beast to urge,
Although he trembled on destruction's verge.
THE WHITE HORSE. 67
Onward, with furious yells, approach the foe ;
" Sure we shall have him now," thought they, but no !
Holla, with instinct rare, had mark'd the cry ;
His limbs new vigour fill'd ; with eager eye,
With ears erect, and wildly flowing mane,
Across the downs he darted forth again.
Women and children, all affrighted fly,
While at this furious pace the Knight pass'd by ;
Behind the shelt'ring trees, for safety hide,
Or in the ditches which the fields divide.
His foes were distanc'd, and before him lay,
Just visible, the manor's turrets grey ;
One other turn, and then, full well he knew,
The massive gateway would appear in view.
This gain'd, he blew a blast, both loud and clear,
Which to his household oft proclaim'd him near.
Patting his kind preserver's steaming side,
" Voila, mon Rolla ! " he triumphant cried.
68 THE WHITE HORSE.
Alas ! the faithful creature's work was o'er,
He sank upon his knees, to rise no more ;
His quiv'ring limbs their wonted aid deny,
He shrilly neigh'd, but 'twas his mortal cry.
Sir Philip hastily his feet withdrew ;
A pang, as from a dagger, pierc'd him through,
When the brave Rolla, whom he lov'd so well,
On his left side, in dying anguish, fell.
A moment motionless the warrior stood,
And from his eyes gush'd forth a briny flood,
As on his fav'rite mournfully he gaz'd,
The while his beauteous head he gently rais'd.
He heard his noble charger feebly neigh,
Stretch'd on the turf, and pow'rless while he lay ;
As though he would his gratitude express,
And whisper back his master's fond caress.
And soon that master's heart within him died ;
From mouth and nostrils rush'd a purple tide ;
THE WHITE HOKSE. 69
Rolla his life-blood on that spot did spill,
His limbs convulsive shook, and all was still.
And there, with downcast eyes, and drooping head,
In silent anguish bending o'er the dead,
Stood he who never quail'd before the foe,
Nor would, 'midst falling hosts, emotion show.
His household heard when he his bugle blew,
And issued forth to give him welcome due.
Awe-struck, and sad, at this unwonted sight,
With sympathy they greet the stricken Knight,
Whose thoughts on deep abstractions seem'd to dwell,
Till Jacqu'line's gentle touch dissolved the spell.
In vain was spread, that night, the cheerful board,
And e'en the choicest viands were abhorr'd ;
With minstrel strains the hall no longer rang,
Nor yet, in dulcet accents, Marg'ret sang.
70 THE WHITE HORSE.
Tradition tells, that for this gallant steed
All due funereal rites the Knight decreed ;
And there, within the garden's ample bound,
Long time existed his sepulchral mound.
Let none who this pathetic tale may hear
O'er Holla's hapless fate disdain to drop a tear.
LADY OF ST. OUEN
AN HISTORICAL TRADITION OF JERSEY.
WHEN Henry, first of Tudor's race, the Roses
And England's sons, from war released, in arts of
There rul'd in Jersey's distant isle a man of ill
Who brought contempt and deep reproach upon the
72 THE LADY OF ST. OUEN.
In various ways the natives he most sorely did
Who frequent sought St. Ouen's Lord their griev-
ance to redress ;
And he, the good De Carteret, espous'd their righteous
Resolv'd inviolate to maintain their ancient Norman
Thus, 'twixt the Governor and him, ensued a deadly
But nought could to his charge be laid, so blame-
less was his life :
No pretext for an open breach his enemy could
So wove a web of falsehood foul, and treachery,
THE LADY OF ST. OUEN. 73
To Norman noblemen he wrote, and forg'd
De Cart'ret's name,
A letter, artfully contriv'd to tarnish his fair
That he, on certain terms, the Isle would to the
French betray :
Then threw the lie into a ditch beside the public
Boutilier, his poursuivant, a man of evil race,
Whom, once, De Carteret had sav'd the halter's foul
Was, nothing loth, required now this forgery to
To prove St. Ouen's Lord to be a traitor to his
74 THE LADY OF ST. OUEN.
With this unto the Royal Court the Governor did
Hardy, the Bailli of the Isle, gain'd over to his
A ready credence gave unto this most unfounded
And thus, o'er justice, might appear'd too surely
De Cart'ret, in Mont Orgueil's keep, a helpless
Doom'd with Boutilier to fight upon St. Lawrence'
For loyalty assum'd, the wretch was plenteously
The while of want the patriot chief was likely to
THE LADY OF ST. OUEN. 75
Meanwhile, the Governor, who thought his enemy
To London hied, intent to make assurance doubly
Resolv'd before his Majesty the whole affair to
And lest De Cart'ret's faithful friends should head
him on his way,
A proclamation he sent forth, which none had
Without the Bailli's special leave, no boat should
quit the shore.
Thus, having these precautions ta'en, for England
he set sail,
Nor deem'd it possible that now his wicked plan
76 THE LADY OF ST. OUEN.
It chanc'd the Lady Margaret, De Cart'ret's lovely
Her first-born son had lately launch'd upon the sea
of life ;
Her loyal, faithful Lord meanwhile, she heard with
Accus'd of traitorous designs, within a dungeon
Indignantly she heard the charge ; " 'Tis false, 'tis
false ! " she cried,
" He who for England's cause, so oft, fought at
our father's side :
" Now, placing all my trust in Him, who saves the
" At Royal Henry's feet I'll fall, and see his
wrongs redress' d."
THE LADY OF ST OUEX. 77
From Grosnez Castle she set forth to cross the
Nor heeded she at all the storm of mingled sleet
On reaching Sarnia's Isle she found the Governor
So with De Beauvoir she embark'd, impatient to
Her perils on the mighty deep 'twere needless to
Arriv'd at Poole, discovery had nearly seaFd her
For, 'midst a storm of wind and hail, the lady came
The while her foe, with all his men, were still upon
78 THE LADY OF ST. .OUEN.
While they in great confusion sought a shelter from
De Havilland in secret gave to her a welcome
But there, in spite of sore fatigue, not long would
And, mounting on a palfrey fleet, to Salisbury did
Nor yet till she to London came would she prolong
But hasten'd all her grievances before the King to
By Winchester's politeness, she a ready audience
And there her Lord's unhappy case with eloquence
THE LADY OF ST. OUEN". 79
Nor fell unheeded on the King those accents soft
and clear ;
Investigation quickly made his innocence ap-
'Twas found he was a noble soul, as loyal as could
And issued soon the King's command, that he should
be set free.
Now from the throne, her purpose gain'd, scarcely
did she withdraw,
When, lo ! th' astounded Governor upon the stairs
she saw ;
He to the Council Chamber went, but all too late
A faithless servant quickly prov'd, and overwhelm'd
80 THE LADY OF ST. OUEN.
Meanwhile, with lighten'd heart, and with De
Beauvoir in her train,
The Lady of St. Ouen sought fair Jersey's Isle
She reach'd Mont Orgueil's fort the eve before St.
In time to save her noble Lord from treach'ry and
The wretch with whom, for troth and fame, he
was engag'd to fight,
Had order'd pitfalls to be dug, securely hid from
That so, when on the ground he came, who never
fought in vain,
Falling at unawares, his foe an easier prize might
THE LADY OF ST. OUEX. 81
Full nineteen years thereafter liv'd this lady and
Bless'd with eleven noble sons, around their house-
hold board ;
Each rose to honourable place, in England or the
And on their enterprises aye good fortune seem'd
THE CAPTURE, IMPEISONMENT^AND ESCAPE OF MESSRS.
CAREY, DE BEAUVOIR, AND DE HAVILLAND.
AN HISTORICAL TRADITION OF GUERNSEY.
5 ^ije Capture.
WHEN England long oppress' d had lain beneath
a despot's sway,
And patience, which had long been tried, to anarchy
The patriot sons of Sarnia's Isle espous'd the people's
While Osborne, then their Governor, in Charles's
cause would fight.
84 CASTLE CORNET.
A lengthen'd contest thence ensued, with various
fortunes fraught ;
The Castle Cornet long was held, in service of the
'Mid cannon's roar did Osborne seek the natives to
They, for a Parliament, should ne'er desert a lawful
But such like arguments as these, the Guernseymen
And all attempts at compromise most stoutly did
Till one resolv'd, who had of late deserted to the
Three of the chiefs, to Osborne's care, by stratagem
THE CAPTURE. %i
Bowden, to serve the Parliament, had long the seas
But sudden chang'd his policy, and join'd his sovereign
At Dartmouth he Prince Maurice met, and with
him fram'd his plan,
Anxious, though late, to prove himself a thorough
Quickly for Guernsey he set sail, and in the road-
And sent his coxswain, with a boat, to Fermain's
The good lieutenant-governor, who bore the Russell's
With all his goodly company, to meet the party
86 CASTLE CORNET.
The coxswain, to these officers, a letter did pre-
Requesting them on board to come, to serve the
He, though too ill to leave the ship, (the captain
With them, on themes of grave import, was anxious
Now Sippins was a, gallant soul, as ever put to
To go on board the George was none esteem'd more
fit than he :
He, with the coxswain, ventur'd forth, of England's
state to learn,
While those on shore, impatiently, awaited his
THE CAPTURE. 87
Russell most plain instructions had by him to
The landing of some secret stores for Osborne, to
A vessel, which had lately sail'd from Weymouth's
Was known, beyond the reach of guns, to be to
Ah ! little did the captain dream of traitorous
But Bowden, when he came, did him a prisoner close
It vex'd the traitor sore, to be thus cheated of his
He therefore mann'd his boat, and sent once more
to Fermain bay.
To Russell's private residence the coxswain did
Where Carey, and De Beauvoir too, men true, and
good at need,
Were, by his hospitality, that day constrain'd to
Nor thought they aught of treachery, while seated
at their wine.
A second letter Bowden sent, enforcing his
That they should meet in conference, to fix on what
was best ;
The royal vessel, easily, he would engage to
And hop'd, that now no longer they would vain
THE CAPTURE. 89
Much consultation pass'd, and 'twas agreed that they
The duties of their sacred trust most anxious to
De Havilland had join'd the two, and bravely then
" Sirs, be the danger what it may, from duty we'll
They, while the winding path they took, that leads
to sweet Fermain,
Some vague ideas of treachery began to enter-
They thought it strange that Bowden still refus'd
to come on shore,
And marvell'd much that Sippins had returned to
them no more.
90 CASTLE CORNET.
De Beauvoir did their doubts remove, averring that
Far better than the others, both the captain and
his crew ;
Devotion to the people's cause they always had
And in their honour he believ'd they might with
Their fears allay'd, a boat they took, which to the
And, favoured by the tide, full soon the George's
side they gain'd :
These faithful three the traitor did with open arms
And brought them to the cabin, where could you
the fact believe?
TIIK CAl'TURK. 91
Two other naval captains, to their great surprise,
And the commissions which they held were by
Prince Maurice sign'd,
Commanding them, by any means which they should
deem most fit,
To cause the Island to the King most humbly to
These captains all persuasives tried, the deputies
But, their fidelity to shake, their efforts all were
For not on slender grounds did they the Parliament
And on the justice of their cause they would for
92 CASTLE CORNET.
In spite of this, they treated them with all attention
When night, o'er all the scenes of earth, her sable
One of the captains twain to board the Weymouth
Intending to inform the crew of his conceal'd
But, deeming him an enemy, in this his efforts
They weigh'd her anchor instantly, and for St. Malo
Returning from this vain attempt, he 'mid the dark-
A boat, from Castle Cornet sent, approach the
THE CAPTURE. <)3
But back 'twas order'd to return, lest it should
And Bowden then determin'd for fair Jersey's Isle
to steer ;
The servants of the Parliament he hop'd with guile
And, with the Guernsey deputies, his pris'ners close
But Russell, sure of treachery to Carey and his
To Jersey, and St. Malo, both, the voice of warning
So, finding that his former friends had heard of his
The wily captain tack'd about, and steer'd another
94 CASTLE CORNET.
The George to Guernsey quick return'd, a snow
white flag at stern,
Which, as the badge of royalty, the learned might
She anchor'd where the Castle guns could from the
And to Sir Peter Osborne was her boa^t despatch' d
Quoth Bowden, by his messenger, " Three pris'ners
here I bring ;
" Do with them as you list, for they are traitors to
And, after sunset, he repair'd, with Simpson in his
Instructions from the Governor, on this behalf, to
THE CAPTURE. 95
Sir Peter well intreated them, but gave them strict
That they should see the pris'ners safe committed to
his hand ;
For when 'twas known that they within the fortress
'Twould be the very likeliest means to change the
Next morning came, the boat, well mann'd, unto
the George was sent,
And, all attempts at their escape the better to
It was arrang'd that they should still await the
For deeds of darkness such as these 'twas deem'd
the fittest time.
96 CASTLE CORNET.
'Twixt nine and ten did they embark, one Chamber-
lain their guide,
And stealthily they landed on the Castle's eastern
To reach the ramparts, they were forced a ladder
At top of which, the porter did with men at arms
And thus these brave and faithful souls by subtlety
Before the wrathful Governor full quickly they were
A long imprisonment was now decreed their hapless
Sad contrast to the festive scene they had enjoy'd
( 97 )
Then, to a dungeon they were brought, a dungeon
damp and cold,
For there, thought he, my captives will be safely
kept in hold :
No sooner had they entered it, than they were
dripping wet ;
There, for the night, they all remained, no slumber
could they get.
And here, be sure, the pris'ners three did mournful
Compell'd, though most reluctantly, to bid adieu to
For certain noisome creatures them did sorely vex
Which, for the sake of ears polite, my verse shall
98 CASTLE CORNET.
St. Peter's clock, next morning, had scarce chim'd
the hour of two,
When Bowden did with Simpson come, their misery
to view ;
And, stung perhaps with late remorse, he cried, with
" Sirs ! do I really see you brought to such a woful
Next day, (it lack'd an hour of noon,) they din'd on
Bacon and pease, two biscuits, and about a quart of
It never, till this hapless day, had fallen to the
Of these good gentlemen to live on such plebeian
THE IMPRISONMENT. 99
Some bales of moulder'd cotton in the room above
The which, at two, were order'd to be taken quite
And thither were the three transferred, unto their
For much they fear'd the time to pass, in solitary
Their jailor, with humanity, unusual to his
Had left them twenty bundles, to afford a resting
Which, wearied with long wakefulness, they spread
upon the ground,
And stretch'd themselves thereon, and soon were
lost in sleep profound.
100 CASTLE CORNET.
Besides, two bolsters nicely stuffd were added to
Of comforts, which they much enjoy'd for full three
days and more ;
But then, Sir Peter, fearing they would ladders
make of rope,
He had their coverlids remov'd, lest they should
Ere this, but little had they dream 'd of flight from
But from this moment various plans the tedious
hours beguile ;
And though they yet were doom'd to wait for many
a dismal day,
They never lost the blessed thought of getting clean
THE IMPRISONMENT. 101
The Governor, within whose breast vindictive feelings
Not satisfied with holding them, a paltry spirit
In choosing what their food should be, their nature
And thus their courage to subdue, he tried, but tried
For dinner, on the Monday, two half-cook'd whitings
A piece of frozen butter too, to relish with the
Two biscuits, and a quart of beer, the scant) fare
Which, for the untried felon now, would scarce be
102 CASTLE CORNET.
The meal which was on Tuesday sent, untasted they
Stale pease, and rancid bacon, most indignantly
For supper, they on soup of pease were, as a dainty,
And did their usual quota too receive of beer and
Such was their wonted diet, but, when fourteen days
Since first within those prison walls their hapless lot
Sir Peter, e'en the luxury of table beer
While Carey, from confinement close, was likely to
THE IMPRISONMENT. 103
Daily, a pint of Gascony amongst the three was
Sometimes they brackish water drank, or else the
rain of heav'n ;
But this was mix'd with lime, for, from the land, a
Into the cistern had propell'd a portion of the
Yet they, with this vile beverage, their raging thirst
Intenser, from the salted food they were compell'd
to take ;
By this their health was sorely tried, and feebler
Which sunken eyes, and tott'ring gait, sufficiently
104 CASTLE CORNET.
Carey, who, more than all the rest, was in a wof'ul
A most pathetic note unto the Governor did
Begging, that he no longer would a little beer
Who ordered that with ev'ry meal they should a pint
HI f&bt lEscape.
They soon resolv'd (as who would not for blessed
In such a case ?) all risks to run, and every effort
And much regretted, that, when they at first had
Ten packs of cotton to conceal, had never cross'd
THE ESCAPE. 105
But soon they 'd reason to rejoice, for, when six days
A box of flax, wherein they might their treasure
thus have cast,
Was emptied, and remov'd, and thus would have
betray'd their plan,
So little what is really best is known to mortal
Shortly, before their window sill, the porter placed,
A grating strong, through which they fear'd their
heads would never pass ;
But, having its dimensions tried, they found, to their
That this no obstacle would prove to make their
106 CASTLE CORNET.
When this discovery they made, insatiable
Their long-lost liberty to gain, did all their breasts
In cutting through the floor with knives, on this one
While one kept watch, the other two three hours
had daily spent.
Four days were they employed thus, nor did the
(So neatly were the boards replac'd) to him who
brought their meal ;
And boring through the plastering, they made suffi-
To find the cotton they requir'd was quite within
THE ESCAPE. 107
Then, to a slip of deal attach'd, a tenter-hook they
And, by the op'ning they had made, full fifteen
Which having, underneath their beds, securely hid
They waited till their jailor stern had left them for
They then, with right good will, began each other
The soundest of the cotton into three strong ropes
to twist ;
The first, to reach the dungeon's base, was twenty
'Twas in three coils, and, testing it, they found it
108 CASTLE COKNET.
The other two, of fathoms ten, the first and second
Were to assist them to descend, lest haply they
When these were finish'd, aid divine they earnestly
" From these, our deadly enemies, deliver us, good
Lord ! "
They now prepar'd to enter on their hazardous
But found, to their discomfiture, the tide began to
Besides, they saw the sentinels, stern watchmen of
And all the sky around was clear, the stars were
THE ESCAPE. 109
So, having first the ropes conceal'd, they all retir'd
Though fears that some might miss the packs of
cotton fill'd their breast ;
But Providence, who o'er them watch'd, had other-
And smiling hope still whisper'd them, that they
would soon succeed.
Not more propitious to their plan the morrow's eve
For, 'mid the stilly atmosphere, was heard the slightest
The lamps of heav'n, in myriads, bestud the azure
And thus all chance of their escape the elements
HO CASTLE CORNET.
But after many a weary day, a dark and stormy
Appear'd, as if on purpose made, to aid them in their
Impatiently they now began a ladder to
Nor dream' d that disappointment still would be
their hapless share.
When lo ! the porter suddenly the slumb'ring soldiers
While sadly, on the captives' ears, the startling
summons broke :
" Soldiers ! beneath yon dungeon's walls your watchful
" And death shall be your punishment, if at your post
THE ESCAPE. HI
'Twas thought that, by De Saum'rez led, there would
arrive that night
Two royal vessels, bravely mann'd, against the Isle
to fight ;
Not till the morrow's sun arose, they proudly danc'd
When all the troops, with one consent, a joyous
De Beauvoir then propos'd to try the castle's lower
But, when they on its perils thought, they deem'd it
best to wait ;
Yet soon resolv'd, for freedom's sake, whatever might
That, though so hazardous, should all expedients be
112 CASTLE CORNET.
Quickly, from underneath their beds, the ropes the
And, through the aperture they' d made, the floor they
And, having reach'd the lower room, they, list'ning,
heard the sound
Of soldiers, pacing to arid fro, the dreary spot
Just when, from old St. Peter's tow'r, had chim'd
the vesper bell,
While, on the ear, its solemn tones in dying cadence
De Havilland, whose early days in manly sports were
Seiz'd on an iron bar, with which the pond'rous lock
THE ESCAPE. 113
Now, first De Beauvoir issued forth, the neighbour-
hood to view,
While grateful on his fever'd brow the fresh'ning
sea-breeze blew ;
By Carey's tow'r he cautiously was looking o'er the
When, lo ! their keeper's form appeared, he heard
his footsteps fall.
Well knowing what the consequence would be, if
they should meet,
'Twas thought most prudent to their room a season
to retreat ;
But fifteen minutes scarce had pass'd ere they set
And now, though perils did await, no more they tried
114 CASTLE CORNET.
Right joyfully the pris'ners ran, of their deliv'rance
And to a gun which fronts the west, their rope they
made secure ;
De Beauvoir first descended it, but saw, to his
Three soldiers, who on guard were plac'd, who would
obstruct the way.
De Beauvoir, and De Havilland, both wish'd again
But Carey urg'd to venture round the tower's southern
From hence, the first and second wall, unnotic'd, they
So watchfully did Providence on all their steps
THE ESCAPE. 115
The soldiers, who were doubtless tir'd of pacing to
Into a smoking-room, hard by, had just resolv'd to
Unchalleng'd thus, along the shore, with joyful haste
When Chamberlain, who brought them first, had
almost marr'd their plan.
He, at the Castle's narrowest pass, their movements
And instant sounded an alarm, " Fire, fire, the
pris'ners fly ! "
The cannons were forthwith discharg'd, with grape
shot, and with ball,
Which thick, though harmlessly, around the fugitives
116 CASTLE CORNET.
Slowly, across the swampy plain, left by the ebbing
They started for the southern pier, from Cornet's
western side ;
They gain'd the steps ; the welcome news soon
reach'd the house of pray'r,
And all the people issued forth, the gen'ral joy to
And thus were these brave gentlemen, so useful to
Deliver'd from the Governor's most unrelenting
For He, to whom they ever had committed all their
In their defence wrought wondrously ; to Him be
all the praise !
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
A LEGEND OF JERSEY.
T?RE Christianity's effulgent light
Had chas'd the darkness of the Pagan night,
When Druid altars yet the Isles defil'd,
And souls in bondage groan'd while Nature smil'd ;
A rev' rend Priest, Maglorius by name,
From Gallia's neighb'ring shore to Jersey came.
Of Erin's Isle was he ; the Gauls could speak
No more of Irish than his Rev'rence Greek.
By this annoy'd, and having understood
That there existed, in the neighbourhood,
118 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
An Island, which th' Atlantic waters lave,
And which, to Albion's king, allegiance gave,
Quoth he, " I'll e'en to this retreat repair,
" For anyhow there's English spoken there."
So, wand'ring all alone hard by the sea,
Thus, to a brace of fishermen, spake he :
" My worthy friends, to yonder Isle genteel
" Convey me over for your spirits' weal ;
" For though on charity I have to live,
" The blessing of a Priest is mine to give."
Though not a word the honest seamen knew
Of what he said, just inference they drew ;
By nods, and winks, and sundry gestures taught,
They took him safely to the land he sought.
Amongst the rocks, with seaweed cover'd o'er,
The tide forbidding them to reach the shore,
His feet first press' d the Csesarean soil,
And gave the men his blessing for their toil ;
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS. 119
With this they were, or seem'd, well satisfied,
And back again to France they quickly hied.
Now, 'twixt those rocks, if speaks my legend true,
And Jersey's verdant plains, though full in view,
Such space remain'd, his Reverence thought fit,
After his voyage, there to rest a bit ;
Vain hope ! the rocks were sharpened at the tips,
And down their seaweed covering oft he slips.
While he stood musing in this piteous plight,
He heard a sound which fill'd him with affright ;
And turning round, yet more amaz'd, he saw
What petrified his inmost soul with awe
A giant form, in height some twenty feet,
Lifting his head, and scanning his retreat.
Straight to the rocks, with wondrous strides, he came,
With open mouth, and eyes that seem'd on flame.
120 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DKUIDS.
These, with the club he bore, a naked oak,
Extremely impolite intentions spoke.
Expecting nought but death, if nothing worse,
Maglorius utter'd thus his with'ring curse :
" Now at your door may grass for ever grow ! "
Then cross'd himself, devoutly bending low.
The sacred symbol did his ire subdue,
His ponderous baton down the monster threw,
And now, in Irish of the very best,
He courteously the stranger thus address'd :
" Welcome, Sir Priest ! the Druids, murth'rers all,
" (May ev'ry ill their heathen race befall !)
" So many Christian priests have slain and eaten,
" While others they so merciless have beaten,
" Let me destroy as many as I will,
" To root them out exceeds my utmost skill ;
" Just Heav'n has therefore, as it seems to me,
"To lend me aid, convey'd you o'er the sea."
ST. MAGLOKIUS AND THE DKUIDS. 121
So saying, in his arms the saint he bore
Into a field contiguous to the shore ;
A step or two suffic'd this move to make,
Such mighty strides did his conductor take.
Meanwhile he thought, but nothing said from fear,
" Certes, 'tis monstrous aisy traveling here ! "
The giant plac'd Maglorius on the ground,
Who gasp'd for breath, and look'd bewilder'd round,
In time to see his huge conductor's form
Inland receding fast ; when lo ! a storm
Th' astonish'd Father heard of wailing cries,
From all the north and east of Jersey rise.
Then all was silent as the grave once more.
Now looking sharp about, still musing o'er
What wonder the next moment might reveal,
He saw from clumps of oak and hedges steal
Twelve ancient men, save one, whose robes of snow,
And sylvan crowns, their Druid priesthood show.
122 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
Much doubting their design, our saint again
Began to bless and cross his brow amain ;
Then to his best of friends, himself, quoth he,
"'Tis Druid's meat that you're design'd to be;
" But first they needs must kill me, anyhow,
" Which they no easy task shall find, I vow."
As when, 'mid jungles wild, by Ganges' stream,
The trav'ller sees two fiery eyeballs gleam
From some fierce tiger, crouching for his prey,
And wildly shouts to drive the beast away,
E'en so Maglorius, with sudden spring,
Utter'd a cry that made the welkin ring.
Nor sword, nor murd'rous baton, did he bear,
For Priests should ne'er such carnal weapons wear ;
But, taking a position of defence,
He dar'd the infidels to drive him thence.
But no uneasiness need he have felt,
All trembling, at his feet they humbly knelt ;
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS. 123
With tears and groans, with reverence and awe,
Utter'd their prayers, and kiss'd the cross he bore.
Now what they said might all be just and good,
But not a word Maglorius understood.
In this extreme, he tried that ancient tongue
In which Virgilius so sweetly sung ;
Or Tullius, while admiring thousands heard,
The Romans oft to deeds of prowess stirr'd ;
By Ca3sar to his fav'rite Island brought,
And to its semibarb'rous natives taught.
" Can't ye speak Latin ? " sage Maglorius cried ;
In Latin quick the Druid priests replied ;
Then made confession of their errors past,
And the dark shadows o'er their future cast;
Told of the Christian priests their hands had slain,
And wept that nought could cleanse that crimson stain ;
Narrated how that monster huge was sent,
By some high pow'r, for their just punishment ;
124 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
And how such vengeance had the giant ta'en,
That few indeed of Druid race remain.
Thought he, " 'Tis well," but would not silence break,
Nor could he say so for politeness' sake ;
Yet when, at length, their wishes he inquir'd,
Deliv'rance from the monster they desir'd,
And promis'd, all unask'd, if this were done,
They'd turn good Christian clergy ev'ry one.
" Good," cried Maglorius, then a moment thought :
" Now let a dozen spades at once be brought."
Promptly the Druids his command obey'd ;
A holy cross adorn'd the Father's spade.
At once the saint began to move the turf,
At times invaded by the spring-tide surf;
Resolv'd, in this good work, to do his part,
And what force could not, to effect by art.
" Now dig, ye heathen dogs I " Maglorius cried ;
They understood, and ev'ry sinew plied.
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS. 125
They dug all day, nor ceas'd their toil at night ;
And when, from Ocean's bed, Aurora bright,
With roseate hues, arose to banish sleep,
She look'd upon a pit so wondrous deep,
It scarcely seem'd as if one cheering ray
To its remotest depths could find its way.
This task accomplish'd, as the Father bade,
Long sticks of osier were transversely laid,
On which the saint himself, with caution, plac'd
The velvet sod which erst the pasture grac'd ;
Indeed, with such exactness 'twas restor'd,
The keenest sight deceit or fraud ignor'd.
Now, though with pow'rs miraculous endow'd,
Exhausted nature's claims the priest allow'd,
And urg'd the Druids, with a plenteous store,
Their faithful friend to follow to the shore.
126 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
There, on a rock deserted by the tide,
Maglorius sat, the portions to divide ;
The while the heathens, with averted head,
Look to the north, half paralyz'd with dread.
But ere or bit, or drop, their lips had press' d,
They heard an awful roaring in the west,
And soon the Druids saw, in dire dismay,
The hated monster making rapid way ;
While, as he gaily tripp'd along the shore,
Two hapless Druids' heads he kick'd before.
Adown the rock the frighten'd Pagans roll'd,
At this most fearful sight, while Patrick, bold
In conscious innocence, sat undismay'd,
And dauntless intrepidity display 'd.
" Eating with heathens ! " with that cool address
Which, to this day, fair Erin's sons possess,
He to the monster's challenge quick replies :
" No, but these Pagan dogs, who would be wise,
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS. 127
" Have dar'd your Highness' prowess to blaspheme,
" And swear that, pow'rful as your shoulders seem,
" They'll bet me half the Isle, should you essay
" This rock to carry in your arms away
" To yonder hill, Verclut by heathens call'd,
" Your strength would fail." By this his pride was gall'd,
And, scatt'ring right and left the priests profane,
He lifted up the rock in high disdain,
And, dandled in his arms, with equal ease,
As mothers do their infant charge to please.
Then onward, at his wont, the giant strode
With speed scarce lessen'd by the mighty load.
Meanwhile, with agile step, Maglorius went
Across the field where he the night had spent,
And where conceal'd the dang'rous pitfall lay,
Inviting him to take the shortest way ;
Well knowing, in that path, with greatest care,
No mortal could avoid the deadly snare.
128 ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
" By the Welsh mountains, which in Ireland be,
" Tis heavy, Father Patrick !" then quoth he ;
" And when these heathens have their wager lost,
" Of my great labour they shall know the cost."
So saying, to the shore his face he turn'd;
His frame with toil, his breast with anger burn'd ;
He saw the Druids following in his wake,
And, stepping back, a deadly aim to take,
To his confusion and surprise, he found
Himself descending fast beneath the ground.
Into the pitfall, made the night before,
The monster fell, and fell to rise no more ;
While the huge rock, which he would fain have thrown,
RolPd o'er his head, form'd his sepulchral stone.
A deaf'ning shout the neighb'ring hills rebound,
The quaking Pagans echo back the sound ;
Yet with the Priest's compar'd their voice no more
Than jackal's bowlings to the lion's roar.
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS. 129
Maglorius then, as a thankoff'ring due,
A holy cross, and book, plac'd full in view.
A few faint struggles, and a long-drawn breath,
Rose from that tomb, and all was still as death.
The Druids knelt before the sacred sign,
Which long continued as a pilgrim's shrine,
Willing, and eager, now their oaks to leave,
And sober Christianity receive,
And linguists to become, by that same token,
By learning English, as in Ireland spoken.
And there that very rock still marks the dead
Though since that period countless years have fled
Which from the monster's arms that morning fell,
Remaining still, the wondrous tale to tell.
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN:
A LEGEND 'OF SERK.
II AIL, beauteous Serk ! whose deep resounding caves
For ever echo with th' Atlantic waves,
Whose noble cliffs seem fain to reach the skies,
From whose dark side th' affrighted sea-bird flies.
Tremendous rocks, as if asunder riv'n
From their foundations, by the bolts of heav'n,
Along the shore in wild confusion lay,
Or span with Gothic arch some sheltered bay.
And then, within, how peaceful is the scene !
What lovely vales repose the hills between !
132 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
Hills, where the purple heath, and brier-rose,
By nature nurs'd, in wild luxuriance grows.
Now pass we on to some secluded cot,
And view the tenants of the charming spot ;
But here, alas! how little may we find
Which bears the impress of th' eternal mind,
Where, unenlighten'd by religion's ray,
All superstitions dark bear so v' reign sway ;
Or else, perchance, the fiercer passions low'r,
And, serpent-like, their inward peace devour.
Philip De Cart'ret once was brave and free,
A bold and skilful mariner was he :
From the first Seigneur his descent he trac'd,
And was with ev'ry manly virtue grac'd :
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. 133
For he it was, knew better far than most,
To stem the currents of that dang'rous coast ;
None, with a steadier hand, the helm could guide,
Or mark, with keener eye, the varying tide.
His cottage, perch'd upon a rocky height,
Commands of Havre Gosselin a sight ;
A lovely bay, though then but little known,
The cliffs accessible by 'ropes alone.
Here Philip dwelt for many a happy year;
Contentment did his daily labour cheer :
By tender wife, and only son, car ess' d,
He deem'd himself, indeed, most fully bless'd.
And bless'd was he, till, on a luckless day,
Some reckless spirits turn'd his steps astray,
Seeking, with fiendlike malice, to ensnare
And blast the happiness they could not share.
134 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
The men of Serk their ceaseless labours ply
Midst stormy seas to catch the finny fry ;
And from the numerous shoals thus daily caught,
To Sarnia's mart the choicest kinds are brought.
And now De Cart'ret there much longer stay'd
Than needful seem'd for purposes of trade.
'T was said that evil customs he had learn'd,
While patient industry was madly spurn'd.
No longer was his cheerful whistle heard
Scaring from heath'ry nest the timid bird ;
But gloomy, and reserv'd, he oft would roam,
And soon, almost a stranger, seem'd at home ;
Nor yet, unfrequently, would he resort,
Careless of duty, to St. Peter Port.
So long, indeed, his absence grew at length,
That evil rumours gain'd increasing strength.
No more he came his Judith's heart to cheer ;
Month after month no tidings could she hear,
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIff. 135
Although her eyes almost with watching fail,
While, day and night, she sought his bright red sail ;
And when a long, long year had pass'd alone,
She felt a widow, and her hope was gone.
But not unpitied did the mourner go :
Her neighbours unaffected kindness show ;
The garden flourish'd 'neath her skilful hand ;
The " vraic," with which she so enrich'd her land,
Was by the nearest cottar cut and stack* d,
And no supply the so-call'd widow lack'd ;
With her the peasants would their substance share
More cheerfully than those who best could spare.
Her little Helier was a gentle child,
Tall of his age, intelligent, and mild ;
136 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
In wild luxuriance, left to nature's care,
O'er his fine forehead curl'd his rich brown hair:
Deep lashes fring'd his eyes of softest blue ;
Slight was his frame ; his cheeks of pallid hue.
His chief companion was a little maid,
With whom o'er heath-clad hills he often stray'd;
The lively girl was Marion Vaudin calPd,
Whose eyes of jet his very soul enthrall'd ;
Nor heeded she, for Helier's sake, the jeer,
Half jest, half earnest, she was doom'd to hear.
One ev'ning, when the boy was nine years old,
Judith had been her little flock to fold;
Returning o'er the common, in the bay
A bark she notic'd which at anchor lay ;
She paus'd it such a strong resemblance bore
To one she ventur'd to expect no more:
SMUGGLERS OF HAVKE GOSSELIN. 137
She almost hop'd, yet scarce believ'd it true,
Till, bounding o'er the fence, her Philip flew.
She car'd not now of his late haunts to ask,
Hers was the tender wife's more grateful task ;
Her long-lost husband joyful to receive,
She heeded not o'er sorrows past to grieve.
The neighbours throng'd to give him welcome meet,
With kind inquiries they the wand'rer greet;
But, disappointed, found him ill inclin'd
To broach the secret to his breast confin'd ;
And this reserve impatiently they brook,
But Judith ne'er complain'd by word or look.
Philip abstracted now, and shy, was grown,
And seem'd intent on gath'ring pelf alone ;
Seldom he labour'd, or on sea or shore,
Yet still increasing comforts swell'd his store :
138 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
The ways and means none knew ; but crones admire,
And dark suspicions ev'ry breast inspire.
'T was whisper'd that this rest from toil by day
Serv'd but to fit him for the midnight fray :
A fisherman, in troth, had often seen
Philip with strangers leagued, of lawless mien,
While, in his honest occupation, he
Skimm'd by the cliffs that skirt the foaming sea.
One ancient dame declared she could descry
In Phil De Carteret the evil eye;
That whensoever he her threshold cross 'd
Her brain turn'd dizzy she was almost lost ;
And often, to her knowledge, as he walk'd,
In a strange tongue, with mutt'ring tones he talk'd.
Symptoms like these suffic'd to fright them all,
And much their superstitious minds appal.
Soon then, in common talk, he came to be
A serf of his Satanic Majesty ;
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. 13<J
And Havre Goss'lin, such was its disgrace,
Was shunn'd by many as an evil place.
De Cart'ret, conscious of this evil fame,
More abstract daily, and morose, became.
His wife and child most keenly felt the change,
His whole demeanour, fitful, harsh, and strange ;
His silence chill' d, his orders made afraid ;
All intercourse with neighbours he forbade ;
And Helier, who a father's love should share,
Was deem'd a "chit," not worth a father's care.
No common child was he, and, as he grew
In stature, he advanc'd in wisdom too.
Intelligent, and studious, soon he gain'd
Whatever at parish school might be obtain'd.
140 SMUGGLERS OF HAVKE GOSSELIN.
The minister's approving eye was won,
Who, when the usual dull routine was done,
Free access gave to various books ; and now
Each day might he be seen, with thoughtful brow,
By the old pastor guided, to explore
Of ages past the intellectual store.
Bereft, alas ! of all domestic joy,
Sadder, and paler, grew the pensive boy ;
His parent he beheld both shunn'd and fear'd ;
E'en little Marion alarm'd appear'd,
When, o'er the heath, together they would stray,
Should his dark scowling figure cross their way.
Oft, when returning to his cheerless home,
As by some neighb'ring cottage he would roam,
He heard the merry peals of laughter sound
From happy groups, the table seated round,
While blaz'd aloft the faggot's cheerful light,
With scalding tears he'd turn him from the sight.
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOS8ELIN. 141
His happiest hours were those with Marion pass'd,
Amongst the hills, when she aside would cast,
Wearied with play, her store of broken shells,
Or wild flowers gather'd from the leafy dells,
And listen long, with animated look,
To legends gather'd from some fav'rite book.
Sometimes would they the rugged cliff descend,
And, to some sea-wrought cave, their footsteps bend,
And there, with swelling hearts, their voices raise,
Joyful to sing their ev'ning hymn of praise,
Which, mingling with the music of the waves,
In murmurs died, amid the echoing caves.
Thus pass'd their childhood. Years had roll'd away,
When, near the close of a calm autumn day,
A little bark came bounding o'er the main,
And Helier sought his native Isle again.
142 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
Long had he travelled, many sights had seen,
Since, from those sea-girt rocks, he'd absent been ;
But home ! sweet home ! there's magic in the sound !
What potent spells the sacred spot surround !
In paths of sin the prodigal may roam,
Without, perchance, one single thought of home ;
And, deaf to Reason's, and Religion's, voice,
In sensual pleasures, bid his soul rejoice ;
Let but this word be whisper'd in his ear,
That instant starts the penitential tear,
For there, in Mem'ry's glass, the wand'rer sees
The fair-hair'd prattlers on the mother's knees ;
While she, on strength divine depending, tries
Her infant charge to nurture for the skies.
Though often sorrowful had been his lot,
Yet Helier lov'd each well-remember'd spot.
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. 143
There was the cave, where he with Marion sat,
Cheating the tedious hours with lively chat;
There was the meadow, where they often play'd,
The garden there, where his first footsteps stray'd ;
The breakers' foam still dash'd against the shore,
And all the scene seem'd fresh as years before.
He grasp'd the pendant rope, and upward sprung,
As he was us'd to do when he was young.
On the tall cliff that overlooks the bay,
Illumin'd by the sun's departing ray,
Might Helier be seen, that eventide,
A dark-ey'd maiden trembling at his side,
And watching o'er the sea the ev'ning gale
Propitious swell the fisher's snow-white sail.
But chief was Marion's admiring gaze
Fix'd on the playmate of her childish days ;
144 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
By high intelligence, and sterling worth,
Rais'd to a station far beyond his birth ;
Of fine proportions, elegant, and tall,
And gentle, and affectionate, withal.
After long years of absence, there was he,
Whisp'ring such hopes of bright futurity,
Such vows of love, so ardently renewed,
As charm'd her heart, and ev'ry fear subdu'd.
The night stole on, a calm and lovely night ;
The iull-orb'd moon shed forth a silv'ry light
O'er all the scene ; the breeze had died away,
And scarce a ripple stirr'd the peaceful bay.
From Marion parted, o'er the old hearth-stone
Did Helier and his mother sit alone.
Much talk had they of scenes remember'd well,
And each had much to hear, and much to tell ;
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. 145
And, ere the joyful mother bless'd her son,
That memorable day its course had run.
Night, oft refreshing, brought for him no rest,
Such strange emotions agitate his breast.
Resolv'd, at length, 'mid his old haunts to stray
By the still moonlight, till the break of day,
By fancy led, he wander'd to the shore,
And long he listen'd to the billows* roar.
Indulging in a blissful waking dream,
Startled, he saw a light at distance gleam ;
Breathless, he watch'd to see from whence it came,-
No phantom this, it burnt a steady flame ;
And now, half lost in wonder, half in fear,
The sound of human voices met his ear.
Daring by nature, in a moment more
His unmoor'd boat was gliding from the shore ;
146 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
Determin'd each secluded nook to scan,
And penetrate the secret haunts of man.
Beneath the rocks, secreted in the dark,
At anchor lay a rakish-looking bark ;
But nought of life on board appear'd to stir,
Save the low growling of a watchful cur.
The cave he reached, borne onward by the tide,
The light within ilium' d its sparry side.
Intense anxiety now fill'd his breast ;
He paus'd, with sense of coming ills oppress'd.
As he the cavern's furthest angle turn'd,
A smugglers' feast, by torchlight, he discern'd,
And, for the leader of that savage crew,
The son, to his dismay, his father knew.
Unnerv'd, the oar dropp'd from his pow'rless hand,
And, ere he could his scatter'd thoughts command,
He found himself amid the lawless band.
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. 147
Amaz'd he stood : De Cart'ret, flush'd with wine,
His advent hail'd as matter of design ;
Claira'd for him in their midst the highest place,
And prais'd his courage and his manly grace.
Half stupified, to this they all agree,
And a replenish'd goblet taste with glee ;
Each half-cock* d pistol now was laid aside,
And Helier welcom'd with a comrade's pride.
" Never, oh never ! let me hence depart,"
Cried he, appealing to a father's heart.
"Fool! 'tis too late," De Cart'ret did reply;
" Tis yours to taste the proffer'd bowl, or die.
" Away with canting tones, come, Helier, come,
" And drink success to those who gaily roam
" In quest of plunder o'er the deep blue sea,
" For sure no life is as the rover's free.
" That gallant band you dread, I dare to say,
" Who scare the gulls from Havre Goss'lin's bay,
148 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. ,
" And wonder much perchance, my son, at me,
" Whom all our simple neighbours shun to see,
" And fear not less, for, by my silence aw'd,
" They thought me leagued with the Infernal Lord ;
" And in a sense perchance the fools were right ;
" But, drink, boy, drink, and in our service fight."
" Father, I will .not," firm the youth replied ;
" Than meet you here, I better far had died.
" Oh save me, Father, from this horrid crew ! "
And as he spoke with backward steps withdrew.
In vain, the smugglers seiz'd him as before,
And twenty lifted dirks against him bore.
They brand him as a traitor or a spy,
And he must cast his lot with them, or die.
With these incarnate fiends he vainly pleads,
Till, for his son, De Cart'ret intercedes ;
He pledg'd himself their wishes to fulfil,
And left the cave to bend him to his will.
SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN. HO
The freshening air had cool'd young Helier's brow,
And he recalled his scattered senses now ;
Long silence follow' d, which the young man broke,
While softly, and beseechingly, he spoke :
" Our home, dear Father, with your presence cheer ;
" Since last we met, 'tis many a tedious year.
" As I to-day regained my native shore,
" I long'd to see you as in days of yore ;
u Contented, in our peaceful cot to dwell,
" What joy 'twould give us both, no tongue can tell.
" Father, come back, God cannot bless you here,
" And let oblivion seal this night of fear."
" Hold, Helier, hold ! " the furious father cried ;
" 'Tis your return, not mine, we must decide.
" Should you refuse, I cannot save you now ;.
"Death to the traitor! is the smuggler's vow."
Once more did Helier speak in soothing strain,
But tried each mild persuasive all in vain.
150 SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
When to the cave he still refus'd to go,
Th' excited father aim'd a sudden blow ;
The youth fell stunn'd, and deep beneath the wave,
'Midst sunken rocks, he found a wat'ry grave.
Meanwhile De Cart'ret cried, in wild alarm,
" Come back, my boy ! the blow design'd no harm."
But ah! no voice responded to the call,
And sadly on his ear the echoes fall.
Wildly he shouts, his comrades round him press,
Amaz'd to see his agony's excess.
He div'd beneath the flood, but all in vain,
For Helier's body ne'er was seen again.
The fainting man they to his cottage bore,
But soon he left it to return no more.
So perish'd he in all his manhood's prime,
Who sank so low in infamy and crime.
For Judith, nought remain'd but years of gloom,
But Marion's grief found refuge in the tomb.
GAULTIER DE LA SALLE.
AN HISTORICAL TRADITION OF GUERNSEY.
WHEN the First Edward over Albion reign'd,
Whose sword with Cambria's choicest blood was
Her valiant children proving all too strong,
Till, from the heights, were hurl'd the sons of song
There rul'd o'er Sarnia's distant States, the while,
A Bailiff, long the tyrant of the Isle ;
Of Gaultier de la Salle he bore the name,
And still in mem'ry lives his evil fame.
Not far from town he own'd a stately hall,
Which yet the Ville au Roi Estate they call ;
152 GAULTIER DE LA SALLE.
And which, though now fast hastening to decay,
Strong impress bears of glories pass'd away.
Though he of wealth an ample store possess'd,
Benevolence was stranger to his breast ;
And, envious ever of his neighbours' weal,
To Pity's call his harden'd heart would steel.
Near to the Hall a humble cottage stood,
Its tenant blithe, industrious, and good ;
Massey his name, who long, with patient toil,
Had occupied the patrimonial soil ;
And, poor esteem'd, yet rich in spotless fame,
His fortune-favour'd neighbour put to shame.
He, to a well which at some distance lay,
O'er Gaultier's fields enjoy'd a right of way ;
This privilege the rich man took but ill,
And deep resentment did his bosom fill.
GAULTIER DE LA SALLE. 153
Poor Massey's overthrow intent to gain,
All legal means he tried, hut tried in vain.
At length a thought, of cruelty refin'd,
Most diabolical, possess'd his mind.
Our legend tells that, in this barb'rous time,
The slightest theft was deem'd a mortal crime;
So, having hid, a rick of wheat within,
Two silver cups, accus'd him of the sin.
Seiz'd, and imprisoned in a dungeon drear,
Yet inly comforted, his conscience clear,
Did Massey now a helpless captive lay,
Till many a weary week had pass'd away.
At length the time arriv'd to seal his fate,
A vast assemblage throng'd the Hall of State ;
Th' accuser's rank, and station in the Court,
With the poor pris'ner's previous fair report,
154 GAULTIER DE LA SALLE.
More int'rest rais'd than any common cause
Brought in defence of violated laws.
All seem'd against the captive to conspire ;
'Twas fearful odds to rouse a Bailiff's ire,
And dauntless must they be who could withhold
Their prompt obedience from a Bailiffs gold.
To serve his purpose, nought the plaintiff scorn'd:
Two witnesses, by Gaultier suborn'd,
Declar'd, with all asseveration due,
The charge against the pris'ner to be true.
'Twere useless now his innocence to plead ;
His enemy, too surely, must succeed.
Yet who that knew the justice of the case
But would at once prefer the suff'rer's place?
Now, through the Court, a breathless silence reign'd,
All seem'd, by feeling, to the spot enchain'd ;
The Jurats twelve prepare, with one accord,
The awful sentence duly to record.
GAULTIER DE LA SALLE. 155
But hark ! approaching footsteps now are heard,
The sentence, for a time, is straight deferr'd,
And ev'ry eye seeks wistfully the door ;
Aloft, the long-lost cups a lab'rer bore
"They're found, they're found!" with breathless
haste he cries,
'Mid universal murmurs of surprise.
And now, recovered his exhausted strength,
This counter-evidence he gave at length ;
While stillness all pervades, as if of death,
And ev'ry Jurat seem'd to hold his breath :
" Messieurs, attend ; while we this morning bore,
" Into the barn, the harvest's plenteous store,
" And, right and left, the yellow sheaves divide,
" These treasures, in the centre, we espied,
" And, lest the guiltless should to death be brought,
" We deem'd it best to hasten to the Court."
156 GAULTIEK DE LA SALLE.
" Fool that thou art ! " the furious Bailiff said,
" Why hast thou thus my mandate disobey'd ?
" Thou know'st full well I warn'd thee not to touch
" That rick ; " he paus'd, for he had said too much.
But 'twas too late his language to recall,
For indignation murmur'd through the hall.
All eyes were on the guilty tyrant turn'd,
While in their looks his sentence he discern'd.
The Jurats soon pronounc'd the fearful doom,
Designed on Massey's guiltless head to come:
" On gallows-tree, thou Bailiff false and base,
" Shalt thou be hung, and die in foul disgrace."
The sentence pass'd, the forfeit quick succeeds ;
An angry mob to execution leads ;
The trembling wretch, aw'd into penitence,
Humbly acknowledges his dark offence ;
While the just judgment on a tyrant's rage
Leaves its sad warning to a distant age.
'. .' -%
LA HOUGUE BIE
A LEGEND OF JERSEY.
TN days of yore, when many a valiant knight,
For "ladye fayre," or public weal, would fight,
A rumour throughout Normandy was spread,
That a huge serpent fill'd this Isle with dread,
And did the CaBsareans so annoy,
Hambye resolv'd the monster to destroy ;
Hoping, by this exploit, to have his name
For aye recorded on the roll of Fame.
In vain did Cartera, his lovely bride,
Exert her eloquence to turn aside,
158 LA HOUGUE BIE.
From this wild enterprise, her noble lord ;
Who vow'd, while he could wield his good broad sword,
Such devastations he would never brook;
And, as it prov'd, a lasting farewell took
Of his fair dame, who saw, with bleeding heart,
With one attendant page her lord depart.
She watch'd his bark receding from the shore,
With streaming eyes, till she could see no more.
Then, to her secret bow'r, her steps she bends,
And him, in earnest pray'r, to Heav'n commends.
Meanwhile the knight, inur'd to val'rous deeds,
In his benevolent emprise succeeds :
He lands, and soon the dreaded serpent slays,
But ne'er shall he enjoy the conqu'ror's bays.
His page, whom he so faithful had believ'd,
A passion for his mistress had conceiv'd ;
LA HOUGUE BIE. 159
And o'er his princely master's fair domain
An envious eye had cast long time in vain.
" I'll slay him now," thought he, " his bones conceal,
" And dead men's lips no secret can reveal."
Thus, while exhausted by the fight he lay,
The faithless servant took his life away ;
The corpse he buried, and return'd once more,
With well-feign' d sorrow, to his native shore.
Meanwhile the lady woo'd each fav'ring breeze
To waft her absent hero o'er the seas.
Her castle, built upon a rocky height,
Of Jersey's northern shore commands a sight ;
And from its topmost turret oft would she
Impatient scan the intervening sea,
Oft wond'ring what should cause his long delay,
Minutes seem'd hours, her dear Lord away,
160 LA HOUGUE BIE.
And when at length his snow-white sail she knew,
And streaming pennant, to the shore she flew,
Eager a loving welcome to bestow
With strong emotion did her bosom glow.
Ah ! sad reverse ! The servant promptly; said,
" Know by this signet that thy Lord is dead!"
Then, and oft after, would the wretch relate
His much-lov'd master's simulated fate;
How he was wounded by the serpent sore,
And cheerfully his dying witness bore
To his fidelity, and wish'd that he
Might by the Lady's hand rewarded be.
So far did this dissimulation go,
That she at length believ'd 'twas even so ;
And when a reasonable time had fled
Since her dear Lord was number'd with the dead,
Complied with what she deem'd his last request,
And thus her constancy of love express'd.
LA HOUGUE BIE. 161
The voice of conscience, hark I how loud it speaks,
E'en through the stillness of the night it breaks ;
It haunts the sinner's dreams, nor with the light
Departs, but constantly before his sight
Presents his heinous crimes. No splendid fief,
Nor wealth increasing, gives that soul relief;
And so did this most treach'rous servant find,
While secret deeds of blood oppress'd his mind.
His troubled thoughts, e'en while in slumbers bound,
By incoherent words, expression found :
" Ah, miserable man ! " he oft would say,
" How could I ever dare my lord to slay ? "
Wakeful the lady lay, depriv'd of rest ;
Sad thoughts of the departed fill'd her breast ;
She told him of each self-accusing word,
Which she, from his unconscious lips, had heard :
His guilty cheeks assum'd a pallid hue,
Stronger, and stronger, her suspicions grew,
And he at length confess'd 'twas all too true.
162 LA HOUGUE BIE.
Soon, by the officers of justice seiz'd,
He with his life the injur'd law appeas'd.
Joyful from such a monster to escape,
A very fiend, indeed, in human shape,
She caus'd upon the consecrated mound,
Where Hambye's murder'd corpse sepulture found,
A chapel to the Virgin to be rear'd,
Which by the Jerseymen is much rever'd,
Surmounted by a tow'r so wondrous high,
She from her castle could its top descry.
Here costly off 'rings to the shrine were brought ;
And by the superstitious it was thought,
(Such frequent visits did the dame bestow,)
The Virgin deign'd herself at times to show ;
And many a parting spirit, ere it fled,
For its clay tenement, here sought a bed.
LA HOUGUE BIE. 163
Still does this monument of love remain,
Nor may it crumble into dust again,
Till Caesarea's self shall cease to be
A little gem, set in the deep blue sea !
A LEGEND OP GUERNSEY.
T)ENEATH the shadow of an ancient wood,
Some years ago, a lonely cottage stood ;
Of which, and of the neighb'ring Holy Well,
A strange, mysterious tale, the peasants tell.
That cottage now the traveller will find
A ruin'd heap, with ivy bands entwin'd.
A fence of poplars did the garden bound,
And tangled evergreens well fenc'd it round
From vulgar gaze, although, with searching eye,
The natives sought its tenants to descry.
166 THE DOMAILLERIE.
An antique stranger, Margery by name,
There made her sojourn, but from whence she came,
Or why preferred in Sarnia's Isle to dwell,
Was more than all the gossip's art could tell.
Her tall, forbidding, form, her neighbours saw
With mingled curiosity and awe ;
From 'neath a bonnet, marvellously shap'd,
Fierce glances oft, from her dark eyes, escap'd.
Long raven tresses, grizzled o'er with time,
Suggested Andalusia's sunny clime
Her place of birth ; but, as was said before,
The neighbours only could surmise, no more.
The language was to her an unknown tongue,
While yet, in foreign strains, she sometimes sung.
When first she reach'd this hospitable shore,
She might have pass'd some fifty years or more.
Her sole companion was a little child,
Whose prattle oft her solitude beguil'd ;
THE DOMAILLERIE. 467
Her grandchild was she call'd, of fairy form,
Tow'rds whom alone the woman's heart was warm ;
Nor was this love less ardently return'd :
The child all infantile amusements spurn'd,
Contented with the matron to abide,
And willing all the world to leave beside.
Since none their threshold cross'd by night or day,
'Twere vain to guess, and rasher still to say,
How they subsisted ; but 'twas sagely thought,
Since the strange woman no employment sought,
And Effie flourish'd on the very best,
That doubtless they a secret store possessed.
Though curiosity in vain essay'd
Their self-impos'd retirement to invade,
Whether, assembled on the fern-spread couch,*
They sit, or round the Christmas embers crouch,
* Lit de fouaille the green bed a rural sofa, common in every
Guernsey house ; composed of the green leaves of the fern in sum-
mer, and dried pea-stalks in winter.
168 THE DOMAILLERIE.
St. Mary's gossips, various plans, devise,
To turn to certainty each shrewd surmise ;
In vain, for Marg'ry's looks approach repel,
Alarm the timid, and the boldest quell.
Full sixteen years, at length, had roll'd away,
Her raven locks had chang'd their hue to grey,
While Effie, grown both beautiful and good,
Was passing into earliest womanhood.
Old Time with her had dealt more tenderly,
Moulding her form to loveliest symmetry ;
He had but mellow'd her complexion fair,
More deeply cluster'd her fine flaxen hair
Over her neck and shoulders ; and the while
Around her lips aye play'd a sunny smile.
Sure greater contrast never was display 'd,
Than 'twixt the Sibyl and the charming maid :
THE DOMAILLERIE. 169
One bold, and haughty, to a high degree,
The other clad with sweet humility ;
The dame, by stern misanthropy possessed,
While kind affections fill'd the virgin's breast ;
And though companions never had she made,
Yet, in her wand'rings through the greenwood shade,
Her few, kind words, express'd in gentlest tone,
Made each a neighbour, and all hearts her own.
Effie was pitied, and almost ador'd,
While Margery was dreaded, and abhorr'd.
A fig-tree flourish'd near the cottage door,
Though there, alas ! it flourishes no more ;
And 'twas a charming sight at eventide,
When idle schoolboys watch'd and gossips pried,
To see the couple seated side by side :
One arm the dame, caressingly, would place
Around the maiden, fraught with youthful grace ;
While, with the other, she a pond'rous tome
Supported, borne from their far distant home ;
170 THE DOMAILLERIE.
And she would read therein, by turns again
Striving its hidden meaning to explain
To her fair listener, whose roseate cheek,
And beaming eyes, intelligence bespeak ;
While on the ear arose, as day grew dim,
Wild, plaintive notes, of Erne's ev'ning hymn.
A change came o'er the scene ; and now no more
That sweet retreat is sacred as before.
Another voice was heard within the cot,
And Mary's Well became a trysting spot.
One told how mantled figures there appear,
While list'ners shudder at the tale they hear.
A stranger, once, with Effie had been seen ;
All wonder'd what the interview could mean.
By day no trace of him could be obtain'd,
And months roll'd on, the myst'ry unexplain'd,
Till one still autumn night, so 'tis averr'd,
One long, loud, piercing shriek a peasant heard,
As through the wood his homeward course he took ;
His stalwart limbs their wonted strength forsook.
The morning came ; he hasten'd to the spot, /
And never was the mournful scene forgot:
Beside the well, old Margery was found
On a white stone, which marks the sacred bound ;
Her hands were clasp'd, her wild, and tearless, eyes
Struck each beholder with a sad surprise.
Her cloak half doff'd, her hair, of snowy white,
Hung loosely o'er her shoulders, piteous sight!
They spoke, she heeded not; they call'd her name,
But no responses from the mourner came.
They ask'd for Effie ; at that well-known sound,
The stricken creature look'd bewildered round ;
Then instant shrunk convulsively away,
Once recogniz'd, she could no longer stay,
172 THE DOMAILLERIE.
But murm'ring sadly, "Lost love Effie lost!"
Her sinewy arms, aloft, she madly toss'd ;
Rush'd to her home, and " Effie " loudly call'd
Chain'd to the spot the peasants stood appall'd.
No more they saw, till, when the morn arose,
A figure, leaning as in deep repose,
Was notic'd, and the neighbours, though in fear,
Approach'd the spectre, nearer, and more near.
One arm around the sacred stone was cast,
A mantle's folds the other clutching fast,
A well-known face, which none could e'er mistake,
Almost conceal'd. When they, for kindness' sake,
Accosted her, arid gladly had consol'd,
'Twas all too late ; that form had long been cold,
Whose pow'rless hands the mantle held no more ;
That heart was broken, and its pulse was o'er.
Those flashing eyes were fix'd, and glassy, now ;
Death's icy fingers marbled o'er her brow.
THE DOMAILLERIE. 173
A haughty spirit, blighted ere its fall,
In life avoided, pitied now by all.
The peasants, sadly, to the cottage bore
Her stifFen'd corpse ; and on the well- swept floor
A table stood before an old arm-chair,
And there was laid that ancient volume rare,
Within whose pages was a writing plac'd,
With " Lay me where you find me," neatly trac'd,
As doubtless this, to her decease, referr'd,
Beneath the sacred stone she was interr'd ;
And numbers, mourning her unhappy end,
Her fun'ral rites religiously attend.
In perfect order was the cottage found ;
But myst'ry still did Effie's fate surround ;
For nought, within the dwelling, met their view,
Of late events, to give the slightest clue.
174 THE DOMAILLERIE.
Perchance, a heap of ashes might contain
The fatal truth, which now was sought in vain.
But articles of clothing none were there ;
The house was silent, and the wardrobe bare.
Strange omens these, of some dark deeds behind,
By terror heighten'd in the public mind.
Hence, e'en stout-hearted peasants hush'd their song,
Hereafter, as they pass'd the woods along.
They view'd, with tim'rous glance, St. Mary's Well,
And, shunn'd by all, the cottage quickly fell.
'Tis said that now, at certain hours, is seen
A figure tall, against that stone, to lean ;
With muffled cloak, and all with streaming hair,
Poor Marg'ry's troubled ghost, still wand' ring there ;
While sounds unearthly, (so the hinds account,)
Frequent proceed from out the sacred fount.
None now, to draw its haunted waters, go,
Nor dare to pluck the flowers, that near it grow.
ST. GEORGE'S WELL
A LEGEND OF GUERNSEY.
QNCE on a time, in Sarnia's Isle, so ancient legends
Hard by the spot, where gurgles up the fam'd St.
The patron saints of Ireland, and England, chanced
And there, as saints like them should do, each did
the other greet.
176 ST. GEORGE'S WELL.
" Now, by the pow'rs ! " St. Patrick cried, and
tipp'd his friend a smile,
" Brother, the sun sure never shone upon a purtier
" If not so far from Ireland, a station fine tVould
" To which my loving subjects oft, might pilgrimages
" But I '11 be spoking of the thing, I'll try, at ony
" To sittle down a few good monks upon this fair
" Not quite so fast, good brother ! " did St. George
" The place is well enough, but here, you Ve no
more right than I.
ST. GEORGE'S WELL. 177
" Our claims are equal, do you see ! " quoth Patrick,
" Not a bit ;
" Pray is it not an island, man ? " quoth George,
"Well, what of it?"
" Why, thin, I 'm king of Ireland," quoth Pat,
" and by that token,
" I 'm of all isles the patron saint " was e'er such
logic spoken ?
" And Ireland is an island sure, God's blessing on
" Nor less is England," cried St. George, " of which
I stand possessed."
" Sorrow a bit! your learning you've forgotten, I'm
" Tis join'd to Scotland, sure ; and thus, a continent
178 ST. GEORGE S WELL.
" Well, be it continent or isle," quoth George, who,
And clenching firm his good broad-sword, betray' d
a gathering storm,
(More skilful he in use of arms, than books, to his
" You have no earthly right, I vow, or title to the
Now saintly smiles had changed to frowns, and words
of peace to fight
Had turn'd, but for the counsel sage of the good
" Och ! be it neither thine nor mine," did wily Pat
" Let 's part in pace, our blessings lave, and go the
way we came.
ST. GEORGE'S WELL. 179
" For sure 'twould be a burning shame, nay more,
a crying sin,
" For champions of the faith to fight, this paceful
So saying, he his pilgrim staff, prophetical did
And, signing with the cross, he thus his saintly
blessing gave ;
" While herbs shall grow, and stately trees well clad
with verdure stand,
" No pois'nous reptile shall be found within this
And, if report speak true, it seems from immemorial
No bloated toad has e'er been known to taint the
180 ST. GEORGE S WELL.
Then rose St. George, and smote a stream which near
the spot did run,
And up it sprang, a fountain pure, 'all glist'ning in
" These streams, while undefiPd they flow, shall
healing virtue give,
" And those who drink believingly shall length of
" They, to the owners of this spot, shall prove a
" Their bread be sure, and, bless'd themselves, shall
never want an heir."
They left, and after many a year, and many a weary
The tale, from memory of men, had almost pass'd
ST. GEORGE'S WELL. I8i
It chanc'd the lord of this estate possessed an only
Who by his fond, endearing, wiles, his parents' hearts
had won :
Six summers' suns shone brightly o'er this child
Both beautiful, and bold, and bless'd with mental
The boy a feather'd songster own'd, in western islands
Who oft, though unavailingly, its liberty had
But on a luckless morning, when the child to feed
Forth from his open cage he flew, on full enlargement
182 ST. GEORGE'S WELL.
Instant he sought the copse- wood shade, and hopp'd
from tree to tree,
And, as a denizen of air, rejoicing to be
Andros, in terror, and dismay, the fugitive pur-
Who, not to be again confin'd, did all his wiles
But when the wand'rer wing'd its way, straight to the
A,nd seem'd to plunge beneath the flood, his anguish
who can tell ?
With eager, breathless, haste he sought the consecrated
And saw his fav' rite's form display 'd, by Sol's meridian
ST. GEORGE'S WELL. 183
To save him from a wat'ry grave, without a moment's
The boy bent forward recklessly, and at the shadow
Now sure that fate must be his own that only son
must die !
Ah, no ! St. George watch'd o'er him then, St. George's
help was nigh.
A rushing sound arrested him the glorious knight
That moment, on his charger fleet, amid the copse-
Rejoic'd was he to see the bird, by the same pow'r
'Twas singing on the Holy Cross, a willing captive
184 ST. GEORGE'S WELL.
Long may that fount untainted be, as is its owner's
And unborn heirs perpetuate his honours and his
All hail, St. George ! the fam'd St. George, who
interpos'd to save
The house of Guille from mourning o'er their darling's
THE BATTLE OF MONT DE LA VILLE THE WHITE HORSE
AND THE LADY OF ST. OUEN.
As the localities, as well as the characters, referred to in these
Poems, are the same, we have thought it desirable to offer a few
explanatory remarks on the times, the persons, and the places, so
far as they are not sufficiently elucidated by the poems themselves.
The first and second refer to that troublous period in our history,
when Margaret of Anjou, the intriguing Queen of Henry VI., had
treated with Sir Pierre de Bre"ze, Compte de Maulevrier et de la
Surenne, a Norman nobleman, for the cession of the Channel Islands
to him and his heirs for ever, to be held independently of the
English Crown, on condition of his making a descent upon England,
in defence of the Lancastrian cause, the fortunes of which had been
rendered desperate by the recent victory of Edward IV. on the field
of Hexham ; and he had by treachery obtained temporary possession
of Mont Orgueil Castle. The mutual intercourse between Sir Philip
De Carteret, and Sir Richard Harleston of Humberstone, Lincoln-
shire, Vice-Admiral of England, in defence of the Island, cemented
the union between their families, and led to the marriage of Sir
Philip's only son to Margaret, Sir Richard's only daughter and sole
heiress, the heroine of the poem entitled < The Lady of St. Ouen.'
Grosnez Castle was strongly fortified by King John, but since the
period referred to in the poems, it has fallen to decay. St. Ouen's
Manor House is, with the exception of Trinite, the only relic of
feudal residences in Jersey. Both these Seigneuries, as well as that
of Melesche, belonged to the family of De Carteret ; and De Rozel
to that of Lempriere. The oppressive acts of Matthew Baker,
Governor of Jersey in the reign of Henry VII., led to great changes
in the administration of affairs in that Island.
THE CAPTURE, IMPRISONMENT, AND ESCAPE OF MESSRS.
CAREY, DE BEAUVOIR, AND DE HAVILLAND.
After Sir Peter Osborne, then Governor of Guernsey, had come to
an open rupture with the inhabitants on account of their adherence
to the Parliament, the Committee of Lords and Commons appointed
to watch over the safety of the kingdom forwarded an instrument
vesting the provisional government of Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark
in thirteen gentlemen, of whom Peter de Beauvoir des Granges was
appointed President. This family, now extinct, is one of the most
ancient in the Island. The families of Carey and De Havilland are
also of great antiquity, and have distinguished themselves in their
unwearied efforts for the benefit of the Island. Captain John Bowden,
whose treachery is described in the following Poem, was afterwards
high in favour with the House of Stuart. After the accession of
Charles II., he had the honour of bringing His Majesty to Jersey
from France in September 1649.
ST. MAGLORIUS AND THE DRUIDS.
The Romans, contrary to their usual custom, mercilessly destroyed
the Druids of these Islands, probably fearing the influence of their
Bards upon the minds of the people, of which they had had such
proof in their attempts for the subjugation of Mona. St. Maglorius
was the nephew of St. Sampson, to whom, A.D. 550, Childebert, son
of Clovis, presented the Channel Islands, as an augmentation of his
small diocese of Dol. He succeeded his uncle in the bishopric ; but,
animated with a burning zeal for the conversion of the Islanders, he
resigned it to one of his disciples, and left the Continent for ever.
He built a monastery in Sark, where he was buried. We think it
probable that "the monster" describes one who sought the extir-
pation of the idolaters by fire and sword, rather than their conversion
by the peaceful influence of the Gospel.
THE SMUGGLERS OF HAVRE GOSSELIN.
In consequence of the efforts made by Helier de Carteret, Seigneur
of St. Ouen, for the improvement of the Island of Sark, it was pre-
sented to him by Queen Elizabeth. By a deed of grant bearing date
10th October, 1567, the manor of Beauregard, in the said Island,
was given to his friend Nicolas Gosselin, Esq., of the Island of
Guernsey, at a nominal rent of 50 sols sterling per annum. The
family of Gosselin is of Norman origin, and appears to have been one
of the first to settle in the Channel Islands. One of its members
distinguished himself in the defence of Mont Orgueil Castle, in the
reign of Edward III., and, in return, was presented by that monarch
with the present armorial bearings of the family. From the cir-
cumstance of being included in the afore-mentioned grant, the bay
derives its name of Havre Gosselin.
GAULTIER DE LA SALLE.
The records of the Royal Court of Guernsey having been unfortu-
nately destroyed by fire, about the commencement of the 16th
century, the tale upon which this Poem is founded must rest alone
on traditionary evidence. It is still firmly, and very generally, be-
lieved, and a field forming part of the Ville au Roi estate is still
called "Le Courtil Massey." The Ville au Roi is situate in the
immediate vicinity of St. Peter Port. A sculptured granite doorway,
a granite spiral staircase, and other parts of the building which
have escaped the ravages of time, would well repay the attention of
LA HOUGUE BIE.
" Dangerous serpents," says the Rev. Edward Durell, in his notes
to his valuable edition of Falle's History of Jersey, "never existed
in our climate ; and it must have been some hostile chieftain who
was thus designated, and whom the Lord of Hambye encountered
and slew. There is nothing improbable in all this ; or that he might
have been murdered by his attendant under the excitement of the
irresistible passions of lust and envy." La Hougue Bie is in the
parish of Grouville, and commands a most extensive view, embracing
the whole Island, and, in clear weather, the opposite coast of France.
The name signifies the Tomb of Hambye.
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.
His EXCELLENCY LIEUT.-GEN. SIB JOHN BELL, K.C.B.,
Lieut. -Gov. of Guernsey 4
His GRACE THE DUKE OF BEDFORD 1
THE EIGHT HON. THE EARL OF CAERNARVON .... 1
THE EIGHT HON. THE COUNTESS OF CAERNARVON ... 2
THE EIGHT HON. THE EARL OF GRANVILLE .... 1
THE EIGHT HON. LORD JOHN EUSSELL, M.P 2
LORD CHARLES JAMES Fox EUSSELL 1
LADY CHARLES J. F. EUSSELL 1
AGNEW, Mr. A. M., High Street, St. Peter Port, Guernsey . 1
ALEXANDER, Eev. John, Norwich 1
ALLON, Eev. Henry, Canonbury, Islington, Middlesex . . 1
ASHTON, W. G., Esq., Cambridge 2
BAILEY, Mrs. J., Bristol 1
BARKER, T. H., Esq., M.D., Bedford 1
BARNETT, CHARLES, Esq., Stratten Park, Biggleswade . . 1
BEDELL, JAMES, Esq., Archer Lodge, Harpesley, Manchester . 1
BELDAM, CHARLES, Esq., Eoyston, Cambridgeshire ... 4
BELDAM, EDWARD, Esq., Eoyston 4
BELDAM, JOSEPH, Esq., The Temple 6
BELDAM, VALENTINE, Esq., Eoyston 4
2 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.
BENISON, Mrs. H. W., Mowbrick Lodge, Bristol ... 2
BENNETT, THOMAS, Esq., Park Farm, Woburn .... 1
BINNEY, Rev. THOMAS, Bladen Lodge, Walworth ... 1
BREHAUT, Mrs., Hauteville, Guernsey 1
BEEMEE, Mrs., Hull, Yorkshire 1
BRIGHT, Rev. J. S., Dorking, Surrey 1
BROCK, Col., Rohais Road, Guernsey 1
BEOCK, Rev. CAREY, St. Pierre le Bois, Guernsey ... 1
BEOCK, W., Esq., Grange Road, Guernsey 1
BEOUGHTON, Mrs., Redlands, Bristol 4
BULL, Rev. T. P., Newport Pagnell, Bucks . 1
BULL, Rev. J., A.M., Newport Pagnell 1
BULL, T., Esq., M.D., Finsbury Place South, London . . 1
BULL, W. B., Esq., Newport Pagnell 1
BURNHAM, Mrs., Wellingborough 1
CAREY, PETER STAFFORD, Esq., Bailiff of Guernsey, Candie Park 1
CAREY, SAUMAREZ, Esq., Grange Road, Guernsey ... 1
CARVER, W. C., Esq. Melbourn, near Royston, Cambridgeshire 1
CHALLIS, THOMAS, Esq., Aid., Enfield, Middlesex ... 2
CHAMPION, Miss, Reading 1
CLARKSON, Mrs., Broughton, near Newport Pagnell ... 1
CLEAE, S., Esq., Shepreth, near Royston, Cambridgeshire . 1
COLLINGS, Sir W., Knt., Grange Road, Guernsey ... 2
COLLINGS, Rev. W. T., Smith Street, Guernsey .... 1
CONDER, Mr. G., Hull, Yorkshire 1
CONDER, Rev. G., Leeds 1
CORRIE, Miss, Wellingborough 1
CORRIE, JOHN, Esq., Wellingborough 2
COULTON, Miss, Long Ashton, near Bristol . . . . . 1
CEIPPS, JOSEPH, Esq., Victoria Park, Manchester ... 1
DANDO, J., Jim., Esq., Dean Street, Portland Square, Bristol . 1
DANDO, C. T., Esq., Portland Square, Bristol .... 4
DANDO, The Misses, Ashley Down, Bristol 12
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 3
DARRINGTON, Mr. S 1
DEAN, Rev. , Bedford 1
DE LISLE, DE BEAUVOIR, Esq., M.D., New Street, Guernsey . 1
DOBSON, Eev. J. P., Doughty Street, Mecklenburgh Square,
DOBSON, Mrs., Doughty Street, Mecklenburgh Square, London . 2
DODWELL, Mrs., Shillington, near Hitchin 1
DOMAILLE, Mrs. T., Prince Albert's Road, Guernsey ... 1
DORMER, Miss, Kenilworth, Warwickshire 2
DUNLOP, Mrs. C. TENNANT, Craig Park, near Glasgow . . 1
EDKINS, Mrs., Reading 1
EMERY AND SON, Messrs., St. Neot's, Huntingdonshire . 2
FALLA, Miss, Rocque Barres, The Vale, Guernsey ... 1
FERNIE, EBENEZER, Esq., Casino, Kew, Surrey ; Proprietor of
FERNIE, Mrs. . 1
FERNIE, Miss 1
FORDHAM, J.E., Esq., Melbourn Bury, near Royston, Cambridge-
FORDHAM, J. G., Esq., Oddsey House, near Royston, Cam-
FOSTER, EDM., Esq., Scrope Terrace, Cambridge ... 4
FOSTER, JOHN N., Esq., St. Andrew's, Biggleswade . . 1
FOSTER, Mrs. J. N, 1
FOSTER, Mrs. W., St. Neot's, Huntingdonshire .... 6
FRY, Mrs. ROBERT, Beaufort Buildings East, Bath ... 3
FRAZER, Mrs. H., St. John's, Guernsey 1
FURNELL, Miss, London Road, Reading 2
GASCOYEN, GEORGE, Esq., Birchmoor House, Woburn, Beds.
GIBBS, Mrs., Lymington, Hampshire
GILL, Mrs., Everton Cottage, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.
GILES, HAROLD, Esq., Coggleshall, Essex 1
GOSSELIN, G., Esq., New Ground, Guernsey .... 1
GOSSELIN, Mrs. T. W., Queen's Koad, Guernsey ... 1
HALL, Miss, Market Harborough, Leicestershire ... 4
HAYMAN, Miss, Beaufort Buildings East, Bath .... 1
HERNE, EBENEZER, Esq., Albion Road, Stoke Newington, Middx. 4
HINE, Rev. J. S., St. George's Place, Guernsey .... 2
HOBSON, Miss U. M., Castle Street, Reading .... 1
HOLMES, Mrs., Leeds .1
HOMAN, Mr. E., Skinner Street, Snow Hill .... 1
HOMAN, Mr. F., ditto 1
HULLEY, Miss, The One House, Macclesfield, Cheshire . . 1
JAMES, THOMAS, Esq., Birmingham 1
JACKSON, Rev. J. 0., Hertford 1
JACKSON, Mrs., Dorking, Surrey 1
JAY, Rev. WILLIAM, Bath 1
JENKINSON, Mrs. Admiral, New Ground, Guernsey ... 1
JEREMIE, Rev. Professor, D.D., Cambridge 1
JOLLY, Miss 1
JONES, WILLIAM, Esq., Paternoster Row, London ... 1
KEEP, Mr., Wellingborough, Northamptonshire ... 1
KILPIN, Mr. W. W., High Street, Bedford 6
KNILL, Rev. RICHARD, Chester 1
LANGLEY, Miss, Bedford 1
LEAPINGWELL, GEORGE, Esq., Cambridge 1
LE MESURIER, Rev. H., Bedford 1
LE PELLEY, PETER CAREY, Esq., Seigneur of Sark, Grouville,
LLOYD, Rev. D. L., Lymington, Hampshire .... 1
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 5
LUKIS, F. C., Esq., M.D., Grange Road, Guernsey ... 1
MANN, Colonel, Ivy Gates, Rohais Road, Guernsey ... 3
MANNERING, Rev. E., Kingsland Crescent, Kingsland Road,
London . . 1
MANNEEING, Mrs 1
MARTIN, PETER, Esq., Pont-Renier, Guernsey .... 1
MAY, G. P., Esq., M.D., Maldon, Essex 15
MEADOWS, Rev. J., Gosport, Hampshire 1
MEDWAY, Rev. J., Ventnor, Isle of Wight 1
METIVIER, GEORGE, Esq., St. Martin's, Guernsey ... 1
MONK, Miss, Vauvert Road, Guernsey 1
MORELL, Mrs., Bungay, Suffolk 2
MORRISON, Mrs., Basildon Park, Wilts 2
MOUNTAIN, Rev. J. J. BROOKE, D.D., Blunham Rectory, near
St. Neot's >....!
MURSELL, Rev. J. P., Leicester 1
NEVILLE, Miss, Grange Road, Guernsey 1
NEWLING, Mr. JOHN, Roxton, near St. Neot's, Hunts . . 1
NEWLING, Mr. W., Melbourn, near Royston, Cambridgeshire . 1
PAINE, Mr. W., St. Neot's, Hunts 1
PALLETT, W., Esq., Bread Street, Cheapside .... 2
PALMER, Miss, Hitchin, Herts 2
PARTEN, , Esq., Woburn, Bedfordshire .... 1
PARTINGTON, C. F., Esq., Albert Street, Mornington Crescent,
Regent's Park 1
PATTISSON, J. H., Esq., Witham, Essex 6
PATTISSON, F. U., Esq., Coggleshall, Essex .... 1
PAYNE, Sir CHARLES GILLIES, Bart., Blunham House, near
St. Neot's, Hunts 1
PAYNE, ROBERT HENLEY, Esq., Goldington House, near Bedford 1
PAYNE, Miss LAURA, Cardington, near Bedford .... 1
PHILLIPS, AUGUSTUS, Esq., Devon Cottage, West Clifton, Bristol 2
6 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.
PHILLIPS, W., Esq., Park Place, Clifton ..... 2
PHIPSON, Miss, Highgate, Birmingham 1
PIPER, T., Esq., Denmark Hill, Camberwell, Surrey ... 4
PLUMBE, Mrs., Ailie Place, Ailie Street, Goodman's Fields . 1
POPE, Mrs., Leamington Spa, Warwickshire . . .1
POWELL, Mr. N., Whitechapel, London . . . . 1
POWELL, Miss, The Limes, Upper Clapton, Middlesex . . 1
POWELL, T., Esq., ditto 1
PROBYN, Mrs., Dean Street, Portland Square, Bristol ... 1
PRUST, Kev. E. T., Northampton 2
PRYME, Professor, Cambridge 1
PYM, FRANCIS, Esq., the Hazells, Biggleswade . . . .4
REDSTONE, Mr. H., Arcades, Guernsey 1
REED, Rev. ANDREW, D.D., Cambridge Heath, Hackney . . 1
REYNOLDS, Mr. GEORGE S., St. John's Street, Grange Road,
RICHARDSON, Mrs., Great Barford Vicarage, near St. Neot's,
ROBINSON, Rev. W., Kettering 1
RULE, Miss, Saumarez Street, Guernsey 1
RUTT, PATISSON, Esq., Purleigh, near Maldon, Essex . . 1
SALUSBURY, Lady, Offley Park, near Hitchin, Herts ... 1
SEWELL, Mrs. I., Stamford Hill, Middlesex .... 2
SHARMAN, ALEXANDER, Esq., Bedford 1
SHOTTER, Mrs., Albert Square, Commercial Road East, London 1
SOMMERVILLE, Mrs. W.', Glasgow 3
SOUNDY, Mr. G., Upper Culham, near Henley-on-Thames . 3
THOMAS, Miss, Minton Villa, Baling, Middlesex .... 1
TAYLOR, Mr., Bouet, Guernsey ....... 1
TURNLEY, T. W., Esq., Bedford i
ULPH, Mr. J. B., St. Ives, Hunts . ...... I
ULPH, Mr. T. B., ditto . . .1
LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 7
UNDERWOOD, Mrs., Bathurst Terrace, Bristol .... 1
USHER, Mr. J., Bedford, 1
VALBENT, Eev. W. M., Hauteville, Guernsey V" t . . 1
WEDD, Mrs. J. P., Royston, Cambridgeshire .... 1
WHATLEY, RICHARD, Esq., Honesgreen, near Wokingham, Berks 6
WHISKARD, Mrs., Springfield, near Wands worth, Surrey . . 1
WILD, Rev. W., Guernsey 2
WILKERSON, Mr. JAMES, Roxton, near St. Neot's ... 1
WILLS, Miss, Clifton, Bristol 1
WILLS, Frederick, Esq., Clevedon, Somerset .... 2
WILLS, Mrs. H. 0., Kingsdown, Bristol 1
WILLS, Mrs. W. D., Portland Square, Bristol . . . .2
WILSON, Rev. ANDREW, Falkland, Fifeshire .... 1
WINZAR, Miss, Montpellier Cottage, Ryde, Isle of Wight . . 1
WOOD, Mr. JOSEPH, Manchester 1
WOODHAM, W. N., Esq., Shepreth, near Royston ... 4
WRIGHT, Mrs., Melbourn, near Royston, Cambridgeshire . . 1
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UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY
Metcalfe, C. J.
The Channel Islands